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Thb indnstiy, perseyerance, acnteness, research and learning displayed in 
Dr. Jamieson's Ettmological Dictionabt of thb ScoTnaH Linouagb, will 
ever excite the admiration and gratitude of all that have occasion to con- 
sult that wonderfol store-house of philology and antiqnarianism. The 
originsd work consisted of two quarto yolumes, which were published at 
Edinburgh by subscription, in 1808, and dedicated to Oeorge, Prince of 
Wales. Such was the interest excited by the work, that tibe additional 
words contributed by students of Scottish literature, and gleaned by the' 
author in the prosecution of his studies, accumulated in the course of a few 
years to such an amount as enabled the author to produce, in the form of 
a SvpplemerUj other two volumes of equal size with their predecessors, 
which were published at Edinbuigh in 1825, and dedicated to his early 
patron, who had then become the King. After the death of Dr. Jamieson, 
in 1838, Mr. John Johnstone prepared a second edition of this great work, 
in which he incorporated the words of the Supplement, with their most 
popular significations, into the original Dictionary. By omitting the quota- 
tions oontoined in the Supplement, he was able to compress the work into 
two quarto volumes, which were published at Edinburgh in 1840-41, with 
the original dedication prefixed. The same editor next prepared an 
Abridgment of the whole work, which was also published at Edinburgh in 
1846, in an octavo volume. 

As the copyright of this edition, which for several years had been out 
of print, had fallen into the hands of Mr. Murray, Aberdeen, he resolved 
to reprint it in a similar form, but at a greatly reduced price. The editor 
undertook only to put the sheets correctly through the press. As he pro- 
ceeded, however, it occurred to him that a word here and there might 
advantageously be added ; and, knowing that Dr. Jamieson was not person- 
ally acquainted with the dialect of the northern counties, he asked contri- 
butions from those who were qualified thus to enrich the work. To all 
that responded to the request, therefore, the Editor and Publisher make 
offer of ^eir grrateful acknowledgments. 

When nearly the half of the work had been printed, the Editor had 
occasion to visit the Orkney Islands, and, in addition to words indicated 
by Robert Scarth, Esq., Banker, and contributed by Mr. Petrie, XirkwaU, 
he there procured a copy of the recently published " Etymological Glossary of 
the Shetland amd Orkney Dialect,*' by Thomas Edmondston, Esq. of Buness, 
Shetland. Before he had it in his power to ask Mr. Edmondston's permis- 
sion to make use of his valuable Glossary i that gentleman, having heard of 
the intended republication of the Abridgment of Jamieson, spontaneously 


granted the Editor, in the most generotLs manner, fall permission to nse his 
Gloaaary^ as far as available. 

The Editor wonld also take the liberty of expressing his thanks to 
Mr. Robert Dnnoan, Lesmahago, for the early interest he took in the 
work, and the yalnable contribntions he commnnicated, as well as to 
Mr. Jervise, Brechin, for several Forfarshire words. The Editor has, of 
course, corrected whatever typographical errors occurred in the work he 
was r&'editing, and, in cases of doubt, had frequent recourse to the original 
volumes; in a few cases he has corrected what was erroneous, as at 
chanteTf fedmcd^ gowpen, tarricrookj &c,; he has given about one hundred 
and twenty additional explanations of words ; he has added one hundred 
and six various spellings ; and sixty synonyms, besides a few etymologies ; 
he has introduced seventy pithy, idiomatic, and illustrative expressions; 
and the new words, from his own resources and the contributions indicated, 
amount to about Btx hundred and thirty. 

In a work of such a multifarious nature, and containing so many 
words from foreign languages, it would be wonderful if no error had 
escaped the vigilance of the Editor ; but he trusts that such as may be dis- 
covered will only be of a trivial nature, and that many will now possess a 
reliable key to imlock the valuable stores of our Scottish literature, which 
are shut up in a language that is fast becoming unknown. 

Those Englishmen, who have taken but a superficial view of the 
Scottish language, will learn from this work, that it is neither a collection 
of barbarous sounds nor a corruption of their own tongue ; but that, on 
the contrary, it has a common origin with the English ; and that^ while 
Englishmen have changed the soimd, altered the spelling, and dropped 
many of the words of their forefathers, Scotchmen have preserved to a 
great extent the primitive language of their Teutonic ancestors, in its native 
integrity, copiousness and force. 

Under particular letters or combinations of letters, occasional remarks 
will be found respecting the interchanges that take place in difierent parts 
of the country ; but, from circumstances stated by himself, it is evident 
that Dr. Jamieson's knowledge of the dialect of the northern Isles was too 
limited to enable him to make any remarks on them. The Editor may, 
therefore, advert to some of them here, that he may account for his not 
having introduced more words from, that quarter than he has done. Thus, 
^ is danged into ^ ; as throat, trot; thin, Hn; thrang, trang ; or intod; 
as thou, dou; their, dyr ; thunder, dAindefy or tanner; ch hard is softened, or 
changed into sh; as chair, shavr; chafts, shafts; choked, shoJdt; qu into 
wh ; as queen, vjheen ; quit, whett ; quirm, wkirm. 

In conclusion, the Editor begs to state, that it will afford him much 
pleasure to receive from any of his intelligent readers such words as they may 
discover to have been omitted, with specification of the districts in which 
they are used, as these will still be available when the work is again 
snlnnitted to the press. Of such as he has lately received, he has availed 
himself of what would otherwise have been a blank page at the end of 
the volume, to present a specimen* 



The brief Memoir which, through Ihe kindness of the snryiying membem 
of Dr. Jamieson's family, is now prefixed to this Abridgment of his greatest 
work, possesses at least the essential qoaliiy of being perfectly authentic. It 
is in every particular compiled from a rather bulky manuscript autobio- 
graphy, which was written during the later years of Dr. Jamieson's life, in 
compliance with repeated solicitations that he woald throw together some 
memoranda of the leading occurrences of his public and literary career. 

JoHK Jamieson was bom in the city of Glasgow on the 3rd March, 1759. 
His father, Mr. John Jamieson, was the pastor of one of the two Seceder 
congregations which were all then established in that town. His mother's 
name was Cleland. She was the daughter of Mr. Cleland of Edinburgh, a 
man who seems to have enjoyed the fnendship of the more distuiguished of 
the clergymen of the city, and who had married Rachel, the daughter of the 
Rev. Robert Bruce of Gurlet, son of the second brother of Bruce of Kennet 
This reverend person, the great-grandfather of Dr. Jamieson, suffered per- 
secution as a Presbyterian minister, during the troubles of Scotland. Dr. 
Jamieson's paternal grandfather was Mr. William Jamieson, the farmer of 
Hill House, near Linlithgow, in West Lothian ; a person of respectable con- 
nections, being related to several of the smaller landed proprietors of the 
county, and to some of the wealthy merchants of the then flourishing com- 
mercial town of Borrowstounness. 

The future lexicographer received his first lessons at a school kept by his 
father's precentor, a person quite incompetent for the task of tuition. Afler 
a course of very imperfect elementary instruction, according to a practice 
then general, and not yet quite obsolete in Scotland, of leaving the English 
language to shift, in a great measure, for itself, he was sent, in his seventh 
vear, to the first class of the Latin grammar school of Glasgow, then taught 
by Mr. William Bald. Bald was a teacher of a stamp not unfrequently met 
with in those times. He was an admirable boon companion, and possessed 
of great humour, though more than suspected of undue partiality for the 
sons of men of rank, or those of wealthy citizens who occasionally gave him 
a good dinner, and made liberal ^^Gwndlemas Offerings J^ This partiality 
having been very unfairly manifested to the prejudice of the just claims of 
the Seceder minister's son to the highest prize in the class, as afterwards 
admitted by Mr. Bald himself, the pupil was withdrawn at the end of the 
first year. He was then placed under a private teacher named Selkii*k, who 
is described as a worthy man, and with whom, in two years, and by the 
unremitting care of his £ather at home, he made such progress, that he waa 
deemed fit to enter the first " Humanity," or Latin class, in the University 
of Glasgow, when only nine years old. Dr. Jamieson, in commenting upon 
his verv early appearance at college, gently expresses his regret that his ex- 



cellent father should have so hurried on his edaoation, and justlj remarks, 
that, however vividly impressions may seem to be received by a yonn^ xoind, 
they are oflen so superficial as to be altogether effaced by others which suc- 
ceed them. The professor of Humanity was the Bev. Ueorge Muirhead, oi 
whom his pupil entertained the most affectionate recollection, and an ** inde- 
lible veneration." 

During his second year at the Latin class, young Jamieson also attended 
the first Greek class, which was then taught by Dr. James Moor, the well- 
known author of the Greek Grammar which bears his name. 

So early in life as this period, the future antiquary was beginning to show 
a taste for old coins, and other curious objects, on which he expended his 
pocket-money. A vein for poetry at the same time displayed itself. iBoth 
predilections were congenial to those of Professor Moor, with whom Jamie- 
son became so fiar a favourite, that he kindly explained the coins the boy 
brought to him, and would show him his own valuable collection^ acquired 
while he had travelled with the unfortunate Earl of Kilmarnock. In abort, 
under Moor, his pupil seems to have made progress in every thing save his 
proper business, the Gh:'eek language. 

During his attendance on the prelections of Professor Muirhead, however, 
the mind of the yoxmg student received that bias which influenced the 
literary pursuits of his after life. '* The Professor," he says, in the auto- 
biography above referred to, ^ not satisfied with an explanation of the words 
of any classical passage, was most anxious to call the attention of his pupils 
to the peculiar rorce of the terms that occurred in it ; particularly pointing 
out the shades of signification by which those terms, viewed as synonymous, 
differed from each other. This mode of illustration, which, at that tinae, 1 
suspect, was by no means common, had a powerful influence in attracting 
my attention to the classical books, and even to the formation of language in 
general, and to it I most probably may ascribe that partialiiy for phil(Mogi- 
cal and etymological research in which I have ever since had so much 

The precarious state of his father's health made the studies of an only 
surviving son, already destined to the ministry, be pushed forward with 
anxious rapidity. The friendly Professor Muirhead disapproved and remon- 
strated ; but there was too good reason for the precipitance, for Jamieson's 
father afterwards informed him, that he was much afraid i^at^ having been 
long a prisoner from complicated disease, he would be early taken away ; 
and, as he had nothing to leave his son, he was most desirous to forward his 
classical and professional education. He was accordingly next season sent 
to the Logic class, though, as he remarks, '* a boy of eleven years of age was 
quite unfit for studying the abstraotions of logic and metaphysics." This 
year, also, he considers *^ entirely lost," and that " it might be blotted ont of 
the calendar of his life." A second year spent in philosophical studies was 
employed to little more purpose ; and though he now studied under the 
eminent philosopher, Dr. Keid, he had become, during his father's continued 
illness, too much, he says, his own master to make any great progress 
" either in the Intellectual or Moral Powers." He, however, took some 
pleasure in the study of MathemcUics; but over JAlgehra^ on which he 
consumed the midnight oil, the student of eleven, very naturally, often 
fell asleep. His classical and philosophical studies were certainly begun 
in very good time; but it is yet more surprising to find the Associate 


Presbytery of Glasgow admitiiiig him as a stadent of theology at the age of 
f onrteen ! 

The Professor of Theology among the Seoeders at that period was the 
Rev. William Moncrieff of Alloa, the son of one of the four ministers who 
originally seceded from the Church of Scotland, from their hostility to 
Patronage, and who, snbseqnenty, founded the Secession Church. Though 
not, according to his distinguished pupil, a man of extensive erudition, or of 
great depth of understanding. Professor Moncrieff was possessed of qualities 
even more essential to the frdfilment of his importuit office of training 
Toung men in those days to the Secession ministry ; and from the suavity of 
his disposition, and the kindness of his manners, he was very popular among 
his students. After attending Professor Moncrieff for one season at Alloa, 
young Jamieson attended Professor Anderson (afterwards the founder of the 
Andersonian Institution) in Glasgow, for Natural Philosophy, for which 
science he does not seem to have had any taste. While at l^e Glasgow 
University,, he became a member of the different Lii&tary Socteties formed by 
the students for mutual improvement. These were then the Edeeticy the 
IXalectic, and the Academic ; and he was successively a member of each of 

The Doctor relates many beautiful instances of the mutual respect and 
cordial regard which then subsisted among the different denominations of the 
clergy of Glasgow, and which was peculiarly manifested towards his &ther 
during his severe and protracted illness. Comparing modem times with 
those better days, he prophetically remarks : — 

'* If matters go on, as they have done, in our highly favoured country, 
for some time past, there is reason to fear that as little genuine love will be 
found as there was among the Pharisees, who,. from sheer influence of party, in 
a certain sense still * loved one another,' while they looked on all who differed 
from them in no other light than they did on Saddueees. May the God of 
all Ghnoe give a merciful dieck to this spirit,, which is not from Him I " 

Dr. Jamieson was himself, throughout the whole course of his life, dis- 
tinguished by a liberal and tnHj Catholic fpirit. His friends and intimate 
associates were found among Christians of all denominations, though he con- 
scientiously held by his own opinions. K he ever lacked charity, it appears 
to have been towards the Unitarians, a fisict perhaps to be accounted for by 
his early controversies with Macgill and Dr. Priestley. Episcopalians and 
Roman Catholics were among his personal friends, even when his position as 
the young minister of a very rigid congregation of Seceders, in a country 
town, made the association dangerouB to him, as being liable to miscon- 
struction by his asealons flock. 

After he had attained the dignity of a student of Theology, instead of 
condescending to resome the red gown of the Glasgow student, Jamieson 
repaired to Edinburgh to prosecute his studies, and lived, while there, in the 
bouse of his maternal grandfather, Mr. Cleland. He attended the prelections 
of the eminent Dugald Stewart, then but a young man himseHl 

During the young student's residence in Edinburgh, he made many 
valuable and desirable acquaintances, and acquired some useful friends. Of 
this number was the venerable Dr John Erskine, who continued the friend 
of Jamieson for the remainder of his honoured Hfe. Dr. Erskine commanded 
his veneration and love, but he also felt great respect for the Evangelical 
Doctor's Moderate colleague, the celebrated Principal Robertson, the His- 


torian. BobertBon was long iihe leader of tbe Moderate -party in tbe Elirk 
Courts ; and yonne Jamieson, thongh a conscientions Seoeder, and one in & 
manner dedicated nrom his birth to the service of the Secession Ghnrch, on 
witnessing the masterly manner in which the Principal condncted business 
in the Church <!lourts, felt, in his own words, " That if he were to acknow- 
ledge any ecclesiastical leader, or call any man a master in divine matters, 
he would prefer "the Principal in this character to any man he had erer seen : 
for he conducted business with so much dignity- and suavity of manner, that 
those who followed seemed to be led by a silken cord. He might cajok, 
but he never cudgelled his troops." 

After attending the Theological class for six sessions, the candidate for 
the ministry was, at the age of twenty, appointed by the Synod to be taken 
on trials for licence-; and in July 1779, he was licensed by the Presbytery of 

Dr. Jamieson's first appearance as a preacher was at ColmoneU, in Car 
rick, in Ayrshire, then a very dreary and poor district. From the firet be 
seems to have been popular, and the small isolated cong^gation of Col- 
monell wished to obtain the young preacher as their pastor ; but to this he 
gave no encouragement, deeming it his duty to leave such matters to the 
regular authoritie& His next apointment was to the Isle of Bute, and 
Cowal, in Argyleshire. The picture which he gives of characters and of 
manners, long since passed away, and their contrast with present times, is 
a little striking. The venerable Doctor, in old age, relates, '' I found niv 
situation on this beautiful island very comfortable. The place of preaching 
was in Rothesay. I lodged at a farm-house in the parish of Kingarth ; and I 
never met with more kindness from any man than from , the min- 
ister of the parish." This was not at all in accordance with the Doctor's 
subsequent experience of the Established ministers in other parishes, and 
particularly when he came to be settled in Forfar. 

Mr. Jamieson passed over to Cowal in the depth of a severe winter, and 
was lodged in a wretched, smoky hovel, without even glass to the aperture 
through which light was received, and in which he had to eat, sleep, and 
study. These were not the palmy days of the Secession Church. 

Li the beginning of 1780, Mr. Jamieson was appointed by the Associaie 
Synod, (the Supreme Court of the Secession,) to itinerate in Perthshire and 
the neighbouring county of Angus. After preaching for several Sabbaths 
in Dundee, in which there was then a vacancy, he made so favourable an 
impression, that the congregation agreed to give him a call to be their pas- 
tor. But Forfar, his next preaching station, was to be his resting-place, and 
it proved for many years an ungenial and dreary sojourn. To Forfar he 
was at that time, of course, a total stranger ; and in old age he touchinglv 
relates : — '* Though I were to live much longer than I have done since that 
time, I shall never forget the feeling I had in crossing the rising ground, 
where I first had a view of this place. I had never seen any part of the 
country before. The day was cold, the aspect of the country dreary and 
bleak, and it was partly covered with snow. It seemed to abound with 
mosses, which gave a desolate appearance to the whole valley under my eye. 
I paused for a moment, and a pang struck through my heart, while the 
mortifying query occurred — 'What if this gloomy place should be the 
bounds of my habitation P ' And it was the will of the Almighiy that it 
should be so." 


The congregation of Forfar was at iha.t time but uewly tbrmed, and had 
nerer yet had any regnlar minister, being, by orders of the Prosbytery, »iip- 
liiiesd, as it is termed, from Sabbath to Sabbath by yoong probationers and 

Three oaUs were at the same time snbacribed for l^e popnlar young 
preacher : from Foriar, from Dondee, and from Perth, where he wiui wanted 
aa A second or collegiate minister; The congregatioo of Dondee wae large 
and comparatively wealthy, but the call was not nnanimons,- and Forfor 
proved his ultimate destination. H is not easy to conceive a position more 
trying, in every respect, than that of the young minister at hia outset in 
Fortar ; and a man of less energy, Although of equal talents, would probably 
have altogether sunk under the opposition and persecution which he en- 
countered. There wns, however, one bright side : he had been affection- 
ately, nay, anxiously wished for by the whole of his congregation. He 
Iesow that ho was in the path (rf duty ; and, pionaly resigning " his lot into 
the hands of the All-Wise Disposer of events, with the assurance which fol- 
lowed him throBgh life, " that his gracious Master would provide for him in the 
way that was beBt," he looked forward to the future with firmnesa 

By d^reea Ur. Jamieson became belter known and better appreciated. 
He acknowledges with marked gratitude the obligations he owed, in many 
respects, to Ur Dempster of Dunnichen, a gentleman of high character and 
considerable inHnence in the uonnty, whicli he represented for some time in 
Parliament. This benevolent man was his first, and proved through life bis 
fastest friend. Until his acquaintance with Mr. Dempster, which was 
brought about by an accidental call, Mr. Jaraieson's only social enjoyment 
WHS in visiting at intervals several respectable families in Perth and its 
neighbourhood) or the hospitable munse of Longfot^an in the Carse of 
Gowrie, then a residence combining every charm. But the friendship and 
infinence of Mr. Dempster soon proonred similar enjoyments for him nearer 
home. At Dunniehen ho was at all times a welcome guest, and there he 
became acquainted, through the cordial introduction of Mr Dempster, with 
all the landed aristocracy of the county. This enlargement of Mr Jamieson's 
circle of social intercourse was further aJded and confirmed by his marriage 
with the daughter of an old and respectable proprietor in tbo county. Miss 
Charlotte Watson, youngest daughter of Bobert Watson, Esq., of Shielhill, 
in Angus, and of £^ter lUiynd in Perthshire. 

With Ur. Jamieson's very limited income of £50 per annum, it must 
have i^peared almost madness to think of marriage, even allowing for the 
greater value of money at that time ; but the bachelor state is deemed in- 
compatible with the ministry in Scotland ; and, besides, prudential considera- 
tions will not always prevent a young man from felling in lore. The union, 
however, which lasted for more than half a century, proved in all respects a 
moei aospicioQS one. Mr. and Mrs. Jamieson had, no doubtr for a long. 
period, much to eot^aod with, from limited means and a very nnmerous 
family, but the eatf^ffimid untiring industry of Mr. Jamieson made up for 
aU other deficieBi-" 

Mr. Jamiei e in Providence, and in his own energies, soon 

began to reap il i loneliness at home, and indifference, if not 

cceeded strong domestio attractions, and the 

ipectable neighbours. 

■e, Mr. Jamieson began to work seriously for 



the press, and continued, for upwards of forty years, a constant and even 
voluminous writer on diversified subjects. Wliile yet a mere stripling', he 
had composed some pieces of poetry for '' Buddiman's Weekly Magazine/' 
which we notice only because they were his first attempts as an author. We 
next find him communicating, — in a series of papers to the lAt&nary anii 
Antiquarian Society of Perth, of which he was a member, — ^tke fruits of hi^ 
researches concerning the antiquities of Forfarshire. These papers led Mr. 
Dempster to recommend his writing a history of the county, and the amgg^ 
tion gave impulse and direction to his local inquiries, although it was never 
fullv complied with. But the publication which seems first to have obtained 
for him some literary reputation, and the character of an orthodox and evan- 
gelical minister, was his reply, under the title of ** Socinianism Unmasked,'* 
to Dr. Macgill of Ayr, whose alleged heresy had lately been widely bruited. 

This work paved the way for his favourable reception in London, ^vrfaich 
he visited for the first time in 1788-9. He carried to Lcmdon with him a 
collection of sermons, afterwards published under the title of " Sensoas on 
the Heart," which became very popular. With the exception of this work, 
his other writings do not seem to have yielded him much profit, altkongh 
they added to his reputation. Letters of introduction from Dr. Brskloe and 
others procured for him an extensive acquaintance, particularly is the reli- 
gious circles and among the evangelical ministers of the mebropolis. He 
mentions the pious and benevolent Mr. John Thornton, the eccentric Byland 
the Baptist minister, John Newton, Venn, and Cecil, as of tibie number of his 
new friends. He also found antiquarian and literary associates, while hi& 
poem on the " Sorrows of Slavery," written with some care, and intended to 
aid the cause of abolition, then of absorbing interest, brought htm nnder the 
notice of the abolitionists, and led to on acquaintance with Wilberforoe and 
Granville Sharp. 

The consideration he enjoyed in these metropolitan circles, and particu- 
larly amongst his religious friends, must have been augmented by his *' Beply 
to Priestly," for which he received the diploma of Doctor of Divinity finna 
the College of New Jersey, the first honour of the kind that had ever been 
conferred upon a Seceder. 

Dr. Jamieson repeated his visits to London at different times, offioiatui^ 
there for hLs friend Dr. Jerment, when that gentleman went to Scotland. 
On these occasions, he extended the circle o&his general acquaintance, and 
appears also to have discovered several distant relations, mixing in good 
society. He speaks amusingly enough of his meeting with a distant female 
cousin, Lady Strange, the widow of the celebrated engraver, a very lively 
and clever woman, who, to her last day, took pride in her broad Scotch, and 
retained all the warmth of early national feeling. When the Doctor, till 
then a stranger to her, made his formal obeisance, '' the good old lady," he 
says, " ran u^ to me with all the vivacity of fifteen, and, taking me in her 
arms, gave me a hearty embrace." Sho was one of those whose heads and 
hearts are continually occupied with plans for serving their friends ; and her 
influence, of which she had a good deal, was ever zealously exerted tii pro- 
mote Dr. Jamieson's interests. One of her schemes was, that he should 
leave the Secession and look for promotion in the Church of England ; but 
such an idea, it may well be believed, could not for a moment be entertained 
by the conscientious Scotch Dissenter, who had, for a dosen years, been 
maintaining a family on a stipend of £50 a-year. 


During this period, Mr. Jamieson's greatest enjoyment, beyond his own 
fireside, was found iA the society and steady friendship of Mr. Dempster. 
" Many a bapOT day," he writes, " have I spent nnder the roof of this bene- 
volent man. We walked together ; we rode together ; we fished together ; 
we took an oocaaional ride to examine the remains of antiqniiy in the adja- 
cent district; and if the weather was bad, we found intellectual employment 
in the libfary, often in tracing the origin of our vemaonlar words in the 
continental langpagee." 

The Doctor had not yet projected his greA work, — ^the Dictionary ; the 
first idea of which arose accidentally from the conversation of one of the 
many distinguished persons whom he met at Mr. Dempstei^s residence. 
Duwichen being long the frequent rendezrons of not merely the most emi- 
nent men of Scotland, but of such learned foreigners as from time to time 
visited the country. This was the learned Grim Thorbrelin, Professor of 
Antiquities in Copenhagen. Up to this period. Dr. Jamieson had held the 
common opinion, that me Scottish is not a language, and nothing more than 
a cormpt dialect of the English, or at least of the Anglo- Saxon. It was the 
learned Danish Professor that first undeceived him, though fuU conviction 
came tardily, and proved, to his satis&ction, that there are many words in 
onr national tongue which had never passed through the channel of the 
Anglo-Saxon, nor been spoken in England. Before leaving Dunnidlen, 
Thorbrelin requested the Doctor to note down for him all the singular words 
used in that part of the conntry, no matter how vulgar he might himself 
consider them, and to give the received meaning of each. Jamieson laughed 
at the request, saying, '* What would you do, sir, with our vulgar words ? 
they are merely corruptions of English." Thorbrelin, who spoke English 
fluently, replied with considerable warmth, '* If that/a»^^, Johnson, had said 
so, I would have forgiven Atm, because of his ignorance or prejudice ; but I 
cannot make -the same excuse for yon, when you speak in this contemptuous 
manner of the language of your counixy, which is, in £act, more ancient than 
the English. I have now spent four months in Ang^ and Sutherland, and 
I have met with between three and four hundred words purely Gothic, that 
were never used in Anglo-Saxon. You will admit that I am pretty well 
acquafaited with Gothic. I am a Goth ; a native of Iceland; the inhabitants . 
of which are an unmixed race, who speak the same language which their 
ancestors brought from Norway a thousand years ago. . All or most of these 
words which I have noted down, are familiar to me in my native island. If 
you do not find out the sense of some of the terms which strike you as sin- 
gular, send them to me, and I am pretty certain I shall be able to explain 
them to you.'* 'Jamieson, to oblige the learned stranger, forthwith pur- 
chased a two-penny paper book, and began to write down all the remarkable 
or uncouth words of the district. From such smajl beginnings, made more 
than twenty years before any part of the work was published, arose the four 
large quarto volumes of his Dictionabt and Supplement, the complete revo- 
lution in his opinion as to the origin of the Scottish language, and that theory 
of its origin which he has maintained in the learned Dissertations which 
accompany his Dictionary, 

It would not be easy, we apprehend, to explain the dif&culties, discour- 
agements, and privations under which that great undertaking was prosecuted 
throiigh a long series of years. The author had now a large family to main- 
tain and to educate ; and he was even embarrassed with debts inevitably in- i 

i J 

— I 


cxirred, while the prospect of remuneration for his labours was distaat axui 
uncertain. How. he and Mrs. Jamieson struggled through their aocumulatiiig 
difficulties, might probably have puzzled themselves, on looking back, to ex- 
plain ; but he was strong in fiedth, and also strenuous in endeavour. 

On the death of Mr. Adam Gib, Dr. JamieSon received a call from, the 
Antiburgher congregation of Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, to be their minis- 
ter ; but the Synod opposed both the wishes of the congregation, and I>r. 
Jamieson's interests and obvious advantage, and that, too, at a period wlieii 
his removal to the capital wdUd have been of the greatest advantage to hia 
literary projects, and to the professional education of his elder sons. He very 
naturally felt with acuteness this frustration of his Teasonable hopes, but he 
quietly submitted. A few years more elapsed, when Mr. Banks, the sncoes- 
sor of Mr. Gib, having gone to America, the Doctor was again unanixxLOusly 
called, and the Synod now thought fit to authorise his translation. The 
change from Forfar to Edinburgh was, in every point of view, an auspicious 
event. His stipend was probably at once quadrupled : he was restored to 
early connections and literary sociefy, and obtained every facility for prose- 
cuting his philological and etymological researches. Shortly after this time 
he learnt ijiat the Bov. Mr. Boucher, Vicar of Epsom, was engaged in a 
work of a somewhat similar character to the Dictionary ; and mutual friends 
advised that the one should buy the other off, and obtain the accumulated 
materials, for the use of his own work. Any reward for his labours, how- 
ever inadequate, was then an important consideration with Dr. Jamieson, 
and he appears, at one time, to have thought of giving up his treasures for 
£250 ; but the dislike which he had felt, from the beginning,«at either com- 
promise or co-operation, was afterwards fortified by suspicions that Mr. 
Boucher's view of the Scottish language would degrade it to the level of the 
English provincial dialects ; and the conscientious conduct of the friend of the 
Vicar, the late Bishop Gleig oi Stirling, who was too well aware of the real 
value of Dr. Jamieson's manuscripts to sanction such a sacrifice, ultimately 
and happily put a stop to the negotiation. The subsequent death of Mr. 
Boucher, before the^ publication of his work, left the field clear for our 
National Lexicographer. It is not merely as patriotic natives of Scotland 
that we rejoice in this circumstance, but as the friends of sound literature ; 
and as prizing yet more highly than the learning displayed, that ^nd of 
innocent and delightful entertainment and instruction, spread before us in 
the pages of the Scottish Dictionary, and those imperishable records of our 
history, our literature, and our usages, which may enable all future genera- 
tions of our countrymen, and their offsets in every distant land, to think and 
feel as ancient Scots ; and which will keep open for them the literary trea- 
sures of their fathers, the pages of their Bums and Scott ; and of those other 
national works which, but for this master-key, must have very soon become 
sealed books. 

The people of Scotland certainly never took so great an interest in any 
work that had then appeared in their own country as in Jamieson's Dic- 
tionary. It was every one's concern ; and after the first two volumes had 
been published, and had set many thousand minds at work to add to, or en- 
deavour to render more perfect this national monument, the learned author, 
from the palace and the castle to the farm-house and the cottage, found 
devoted, and often able auxiliaries, in completing his great undertaking. 
Those who could not furnish him with words, yet circulated his prospectuses, 


and procnred subscribers to the work. Through the interest and exertious 
of Lord Glenbervie, the duly on the paper for printing the Dictionary was 
remitted) in yirtne of a proYision entitling the publishers oi works on 
Northern LiteraJture to a drawback on the paper used. Among his friends of 
a later period, none were more zealous than the late Duchess of Sutherland, 
through whose interest or recommendation he was afterwards chosen one of 
the ten Associates of the Bojal literary Society, instituted by George IV., 
and of which each Associate was entitled to a pension of one hundred 

Dr. Jamieson's severest affliction had been seeing the greater part of 
his xramerouB &mily descend to the grave before him ; some in infancy and 
childhood, but others in the prime of life and of usefulness. Of seven sons 
who reached manhood, only one survived him. Three died in India; of 
whom two had arriired at distinction in the medical service. His second son, 
Mr. Robert Jamieson, an eminent member of the Scottish bar, long in lucra- 
tive practice, and entitled to look forward to the highest honours of his pro- 
fession, was cut off a few years before his venerable parent. But his last, 
and the heaviest blow of all, was the loss of Mrs. Jamieson, a lady equally 
remarkable for the good qualities of her head and of her heart, who had 
shared his lot for fifty-five years. His surviving family consists of Mr. Far- 
quhar Jamieson, now a banker in Paris ; Mrs. Mackenzie, the wife of Captain 
Mackenzie of the 21st regiment ; and several grandchildren. 

In the latter years of his life, Dr. Jamieson was liable to bilious 
attacks, for which he was recommended to try the waters of difierent noted 
Spas in Scotland. From such stations as Pitcaithley, the Mofiat Wells, or 
Innerleithen, he was in the habit of making rounds of visits to those fami- 
lies of the neighbouring nobility and gentry who had been among his 
earlier friends. The bonks of the Tweed, between Peebles and Berwick, 
had become to him a more favourite and familiar haunt than even the banks 
of his native Clyde ; and many of the happiest days of his later summers 
were spent amidst the lovely scenes of " Tweedside," and among the friends 
and relatives whom he had in that classic district. He had always been fond 
of angling, and, in the Tweed and its tributary streams, he socially pursued 
the " gentle craft" almost to the close of life. Of the houses which he had 
long beien in the habit of visiting on Tweedside, none seems to have left a 
more indelible impression on his memory than Ashestiel, the happy interme- 
diate residence of Sir Walter Scott, whom Dr. Jamieson had first visited in 
his Httle cottage at Lasswade, and, for the last of many times, in the lordly 
halls of Abbotsford, a very short while before Scott went abroad never again 
to return — himself. 

Besides his Dictionabt, and the difierent works which he edited. Dr. 
Jamieson was the author of numerous volumes, tracts, and pamphlets ; he 
received literary honours both in his own country and from America, and 
was a Member or Associate of learned societies in difierent parts of the world. 

One of the most important public afiairs in which Dr. Jamieson was 
ever engaged, was bringing about the xmion of the two branches of the 
Secession Church, the BuTghers and Antiburghers. Those only who under- 
stand the history of these great divisions of the Seceders, and their mutual 
jealousies and dissensions, can appreciate the difficulty and the value of the 
service of agaia uniting them, and the delicacy, sagacity, and tact which this 
object required. 



Notwitlistaxidiiig his bilious aad nervous complainiB, Doctor Jamiesoa, 
considering his laborious and often harassing duties, enjoyed, up to a great 
age, a tolerable xaeasnre of health. His " Bec9llec^ons,'' to which he 
appears to have added from time to time, as memory restored the more 
interesting events and renuniscences of his earlier years, seem to hare ter- 
minated abruptly in 1886. He died in his house in George's Square, Edin- 
burgh, on the 12th July 1838, universally regretted, esteemed, and beloved, 
not more for his learning, piety, and social qualities, than as one of the few 
remaining links which connect Scottish literature ^d social life with the 




It 18 an opinion, which has been pretty generally received, and perhaps 
almost taken for granted, that the language spoken in the Lowlands of 
Scotland is merely a cormpt dialect of the English, or at least of the Anglo- 
Saxon. Those who have adopted this idea, have assigned, some one era, 
some another, for the introduction of this language from the South ; each 
preferring that which seemed to have the most plausible claim, without 
entertaining a single doubt as to the solidity of the hypothesis which 
rendered it necessary to fix such an era. Havirg long adhered to this 
hypothesis, without any particular investigation, it is probable that I might 
never have thought of calling it in question, had I not heard it positively 
asserted, by a learned foreigner, that we had not received our language 
fvojn the English ; that there were many words in the mouths of the vulgar 
in Scotland, which had never passed through the channel' of the Anglo- 
Saxon, or been spoken in England, although still used in the languages 
of the North of Europe ; that the Scottish was not to be viewed as a 
daughter of the Anglo-Saxon, but, as in common with the latter, derived 
from the ancient Gothic ; and that, while we had to regret the want of 
authentic records, an accurate and extensive investigation of the language 
of our country might throw considerable light on her ancient history, 
particularly as to the origin of her first inhabitants. 

This assertion seemed to merit a fair investigation. On this I entered, 
prepossessed with an opinion directly the reverse of that which I now 
embrace as by far i^ost tenable. I am far from saying, that it is attended 
with no difficulties. These I mean to submit to the public, in all the force 
which they appear to have ; while at the same time I shall exhibit a variety 
of considerations, which, if they amount not to full proof, seem to afford as 
much as can well be expected on a subject necessarily involved in such 
obscurity, from the distance of time, and from the deficiency ot historical 

The learned Camden, Father Innes, and some other respectable writers, 
have viewed the Picts as Welsh ; and have argued^ of consequence, that 


their language must have been a dialect of the Celtic. I will not contend 
about the name of this people ; although there ib sufficient evidence that it 
was written corruptly by the Romans.' What particularly demands our 
attention, is the origin of the people themselves : and also their language, 
whether it was Gothic, or Celtic. 

It would serve no good purpose to enter into any disquisition as to 
the supposed time of their arrivsd in this country. As this dissertation is 
intended merely in subserviency to the following work, it will be enough, 
if it appear that there is good reason to view them as a Gothic race. 

I. Historical Evidence. — The testimony of venerable Bede has been 
universally respected, except in as far as his credulity might be viewed as 
influenced by ecclesiastical attachment. It has been supposed, indeed, that 
many of the legendary stories, now found in his history, were not written 
by him ; as, in a variety of instances, although they appear in the A. S. 
translation, they are wanting in the original. Being the earliest historian 
of this island, he must have been best qualified to give a just account of 
the Picts; and although we should suppose him to have been under 
ecclesiastical influence in matters of religion, he could have no end to serve 
in giving a false account of the origin of this people. Yet, on this subject, 
even the testimony of Bede has been treated as unworthy of regard ; 
because it is directly eversive of system. 

He says— '^ Cum plurimam insulsB partem, incipientes ab austro pos- 
sedissent (Brittones), contigit gentem Pictorum de Scythia, ut perhibent, 
longis navibus non multis oceanum ingressam," &c lib. i. 1, " When 
they [the Britons], beginning at the South,, had made themselves masters 
of the greatest part of the island, it happened that the nation of the Picts, 
coming into the ocean from Scythia, as it is reported, in a few long ships," 
(fee. After giving an account of their landing in Ireland, and of their being 
advised by the Scots of that country to steer towards Britain, he adds — 
"Itaque petentes Britanniam Picti, habitare per septentrionalos insulae 
partes coeperunt ; nam austrina Brittones occupaverunt." Ibid. " The 
Picts, accordingly sailing over into Britain, began to inhabit thenortherA 
parts of it, for the Britons were possessed of the southern." 

There is not the slightest reason to doubt, that, by the Britons,, he means 
the Welsh ; as this is the name by which he designs this people. It is well 
known that Scandinavia had been called Scythia by Jornandes, two cen- 
turies before Bede's time. De Orig. Get. pp. 595-597. Is it said that 
Bede lived too long after the settlement of the Picts, to know any thing 
certain as to their origin ? It is sufficient to reply, that he undoubtedly 
gives the received belief of his time, which had been transmitted from pre- 
ceding ages, and which no writer, for nearly nine hundred years after him 
ever ventured to controvert. If Bede could not know whence the Picts 
came, it can hardly be supposed that W6 shoul4 have superior means of 

Bede was certainly well acquainted with the Britons or Welsh. Now 
although it should be supposed that he had been misinformed as to the 
origin of the Picts, his assertion amounts to a full proof that they were 
quite a different people from the former. For had they been Welsh, or 
indeed Celts of any description, the similarity of language could not have 
entirely escaped his observation. If an intelligent Highlander can at this 
day, after a national separation of nearly fourteen hundred years, make 


nimself understood hj ftn InBhiiian, it is totally inconceivable that the 
langaage of the Picts, if British, should have so far lost its original character 
in a far shorter period. 

An attempt has lately been made, by a learned writer, to set aside this 
testimony of Bede, who, it is admitted, "was contemporary with the 
Pictish goyerment.*' " He speaks," it is said, " doubtfully of the Picts, as 
the second people who came into this island from Scythia ; first to Ireland ; 
and thence to North-Britain. Bat though Bede states all this, rather as 
what he had hecurd, than as what he Jcnew^ his authority has deluded many 
writers, who did not inquire whether what he had said modestly could 
possibly be true."' Caledonia, p. 199, N. 

But why is it said that Bede speaks douhtfuUy^ or, as it is afterwards 
somewhat softened, modestly ^ of the Picts ? There can be no other reason 
for this assertion, t^an that he uses the phrase, ut perhihent. He therefore 
states all this, rather as what he had heard, than as what he knew. Doubtless, 
he could not know it, but by some kind of reltLtion, For, although " con- 
temporaiy with ihe Pictish govemmeni^" it has never been supposed that 
he could have ocular demonstration as to the landing of this people. Is it 
meant to be objected, that Bede does not quote his authorities, or that he 
refers only to tiuditionary testimony ? In a matter of this kind, would it 
be surprising that he could have referred to nothing else ? Viewing it in 
this light, there is not the least evidence that it was not the general belief. 
Had it been merely the report of some, opposed by a different account of 
the origin of this people, he would in all probability have said — ut nonnulU 
perhibent. Had he known any argument against this account, one, for 
example, from the diversity of language, would he not natarally have 
stated this ? 

But must perhibent necessarily be restricted to mere report ? Has 
it never been used to denote historical narration ? Or, as it occurs in the 
language of Bede, may it not rather be viewed as respecting the more 
circumstantial account which follows, concerning the size and number of 
the ships, — (ut perhibent, longia navibus non muUis,) than as respecting 
what precedes, in regard to the migration of the Picts from Scythia ? It 
is a singular circumstance, that Bede uses the very same verb with respect 
to the chiefs of the Anglo-Saxons. *' Duces faisse perhibenier eorum primi 
duo iratris Hengist et Horsa." Lib. i. c. 15. Could Bede be in any doubt, 
whether these were the leaders of his ancestors, little more than two 
hundred years before his own time ? 

If, however^ Bede wrote doubtfully, how could his authority " delude 
many writers ? " If he indeed mentions this only as a modest opinion, as a 
matter of mere hsarsay^ as a thing about which he was himself in hesitation; 
whence is it, that none of these *^ many writers," during nearly ten centuries, 
ever adverted to this till now ? Were they all, without exception, so very 
prone to delusion T This is undoubtedly the conclusion we are left to 
deduce. They were so blind as to mistake mere doubt for authority ; and 
therefore ** they did not inquire whether what he had said modestly could 
possibly be true.** Here the secret breaks out. Bede must necessarily be 
viewed as writing doubtfully, because he could not possibly be writing the 
truth. For although neither Bede, nor his followers, did inquire, '^ we now 
know, from more accurate examination, that the Picts were certainly 
Caledonians ; that the Caledonians were Britons ; and that the Britons were 


Gfaiils : it is the topography of North-Britaioi during the second and first 
oentaries, as it contains a thousand facts, which solves ail these douhU^ and 
settles all controversy about the lineage of the Picts." Galed. «i mtp- 

Aldiough Bede knew somewhat about the names of places in North- 
Britain, we, in the nineteenth century, can form a &r more certain judg- 
ment : and so powerful is this single argument from topography, as to 
invalidate all other evidence arising from direct historical testmiony. 

Nennius, who wrote about the year 858, informs us, that '^the Picts 
came and occupied the islands called Orkneys, and afterwards, from the 
adjacent islands desolated many large regions, and took possession of 
those on the left, t.e. the north coast (sinistrali plaga) of Britain, where they 
remain even to this day." " There," he adds, *' they held the third part of 
Britain, and hold it even until now." Gap. 5. ap. Gkde, I. 99. 

Mr. Pinkerton has made a remark, the force of which cannot easily be 
set aside, that both Nennius and his coadjutor Samuel ^ were Welch," and 
that " therefore their testimony i3 conclusive that the Piks were not Welch, 
for they speak of the Piks, while the Pikish name was in full power." 
Enquiry, II. 161. 

That the Picts were not Welsh, appears also from the testimony of 
Gildas, ail earlier British writer, who calls them a l/ranamarme nation, who 
came, ah aquilone^ from the north. Ap. Ghde, L 1. 

' The Saxon Ghronicle, which seems to have been begun about the year 
1000, perfectly concurs with these testimonies. The account given of the 
Picts is so similar to that of Bede, that it would almost seem to have been 
copied from his history. It is more minute in one point ; as it is said that 
they came, ex Austral! parte Scythiae, " from the south of Scythia." 

The northern origin of the Picts seems to have been admitted by Roman 
writers. I shall not urge the well-known testimony of Tacitus, with respect 
to the striking resemblance of the Galedonians to the Germans ; for, not- 
withstanding the partiality of former ages for this ancient writer, as an 
accurate investigator and faithfril histomn, we are now told, that " Tacitus 
talked about the origin of the Galedonians and Germans, like a man who 
was not very akiljul in such investigations ; and who preferred declamation 
to inquiry." Galed. p. 202, N. 

The testimony of Glaudian, who was coeval with the Emperor Yalen- 
tinian I., deserves our attentior. 

•Bfadcwrtintf ftaxoDe fnso, 

Orcades. Incaloit Pictorum «BDgiiin« Thnle. 

Goodall, in his Introduction to Fordun, observes on this passage, that 
although the Romans slew the Saxons in the Orkneys, it does not follow 
that they were either the inhabitants of the Orkneys, or of Britain. But 
one consequence is unavoidable, — that even in this early period the Saxons 
were acquainted with the Orkneys, Hence, also, it seems highly probable, 
that they were in a state of confederacy with the Picts, as b^g a kindred 

Stillingfleet's reasoning concerning the testimony of Eumenius is very 
strong. " Li his Panegyrick," says the Bishop, " he takes notice of the 
different state of the Britons, when Gsdsar subdued them, from what they 
were in Gonstantius his time. ' Then,' saith he, * they were a rude, half- 
naked people, and so easily vanquished ; but now the Britons were exercised 
by the arms of the Picts and the Irish.' Nothing can be plainer, than that 


Eamemufl bere distii^xdshes the Picts from tbe Britons, and supposes them 
to be enemies to eacb otber. Neither can we reasonably think this a name 
then taken up to distingoisb tbe barbarous Britone from the Provincial. 
For that distinction had now been of a very long standing ; and if it had 
been applied to that purpose, we should have met with it in Tacitus, or 
Dio, or Herodian, or Zozimus, who speak of the Extra^provincidl Britaxns^ 
under no other name but o£ Britains" Orig. Britann. p. 241. 

It has indeed been said, that " the Picts of the third Century appeared 
to Boman eyes under new aspects, and to the Roman understanding under 
more formidable shapes.'* Galed. p. 215. By the reference to B. i. c. 6, 
the author seems to respect " their peculiar seclusion from the Roman pro- 
vincials on the south of the walls;" p. 191. But this gives no sort of 
satisfaction to the mind, as a reason for a new designation. Were they not 
formerly extra-provincial^ as much as in thi time of Eumenius ? Did they 
assume a warlike aspect formerly unobserved P Was not their character, 
in this respect) abundantly well known to Agricola ? The idea of Stilling- 
fleet, that the ancient Caledonians, although of Gk>thic origin, were about 
this time joined by a new colony from the continent, is at least worthy of 
mature consideration. V. Orig. p. 246. 

Ammianus Mai'cellinus having said, Pictos Saxonasque, et Scottos et 
Attacottos, Britannos aerumnis vezasse continuis ; Gk>odall observes, that 
"it cannot be inferred that the Saxons were Scots or Picts, because these 
are spoken of as different nations.'^ But from the classification observed 
by MarceUinus, Pictos Saxonasque^ he seems to have viewed these as only 
different names given to contiguous and kindred nations. 

I might refer to the general persuasion of Northern writers, that the 
Picts were Gt>ths. Yidalinus, in his work, De Linguae Septentrionalis 
Appellatione, DonsJc Tunga^ affixed to Gtmnlaug. Saga, has cited Torfaeus, 
Ser. Beg. Dan. pp. 200—203 ; Pontopiddan,* Gest. Dan. T. 2, c. 2, pp. 226, 
227; Schoning,Norveg. Reg. Hist.; Torfeeus, Hist. Norv. T. 3, p. 526; 
Run. Jonas, Element. Ling. Septent.; Bussaeus, Yit. Arii Polphist. c. 3, &c. 
V. Ghmnlang. Sag. p. 263. 

But I shall not urge this as an argument ; as it may be said that these 
writers were all too late to know with certainty the origin of the Picts. 
While, however, we are assured that the Scandinavians were early acquainted 
with the northern parts of our island, and made frequent descents on them, 
it must appear singular indeed, had we reason to believe that they were 
universally mistaken with respect to the orig^ of the inhabitants. Had 
they spoken a dialect of the Celtic, it would have afforded sufficient evidence 
that there was no national af&nity with their invaders. 

Nor would it be less remarkable, if almost all our own ancient writers 
bad been grossly mistaken as to the origin of a people, who make so dis- 
tinguished a figure in our history, and who so long occupied hy far the 
greatest part of Scotland. The general persuasion of the old English writers 
was the same with theirs. 

But t|fe learned gentleman, formerly referred to, views every species of 
evidence as of no weight whatsoever, when opposed to that of a topographical 
kind, arising from the names of places in the first and second centuries ; 
especially as these are found in the work of Ptolemy the Geographer. It 
was my original intention, in this preliminary dissertation, to throw together, 
as briefly as possible, the various circumstances which indicate the Gothic 



origin of our ancestors, withont entering into the wide field of oontrovemj. 
Bat however unpleasant this task, with a gentleman, espedalij, vrhose 
abilities and indefatigable indnstiy I am bound to acknowledge, and who, 
whatever may be his mistakes, deserves well of his conntiy for the pains he 
has taken to elucidate her ancient history ; yet I find it indispensably neoes- 
sary to investigate the grounds on which he proceeds, as otherwise any 
thing here exhibited, under the notion of argument might be viewed as 
already invalidated. 

In order to erect or support his system, that the Picte were Britons, 
or the same people with the Welsh, and that no language was spoken in 
Scotland, before the introduction of what is called the Scoto- Saxon, save 
the Celtic ; the learned writer finds it necessary to assume certain data of 
a singular description. He either takes for granted, or flatters himself that 
he has proved, that, till a late period, there were none but Celts in 
Germany ; that the Roman historians are not worthy of credit, in as far as 
they insinuate any thing opposed to this hypothesis ; that the Goths were 
different from the Scythians ; that the Belgic was merely a dialect of the 
Celtic ; and that the stone monumente to be found in Britain were all con- 
structed by Celts. 

He assumes that there were none but Celts in Germany till a late 
period. He does not, indeed, fix the time of the first migration of the GK>ths 
into that country ; but seems to think that it was scarcely prior to the 
Christian era. For, as far as I can perceive, the only proof which he 
appeals to, is that of there being " only two tongues (except the Greek) 
heard on the western side of the Euxine, the Getic and the Sarmatic," when 
Ovid was banished to Tomi by Augustus. But, because there was a body 
of Goths at this time residing on the Euxine, it cannot amount to a proof 
that none of this race had previously settled in Germany, or in the northern 
countries. The Suevi^ who certainly were not Celts, were inhabitente of 
Germany in the time of Julius Caesar, possessing the country now called 
Mecklenburg, and some neighbouring districts. The Oimbri extended to 
the Baltic. Bj many, indeed, they have been viewed as Celts. But the 
writers of the Universal History, whom Mr. Chalmers often quotes with 
respect, observe on this head — " The learned Grotius, and after him Sher- 
ingham, and most of the northern writers, maintain, with argumente which 
have not yet been confuted, that the Cimbrians, Getes, and Goths were one 
and the same nation ; that Scandinavia was first peopled by them, and that 
from thence they sent colonies into the islands of the Baltic, the Chersone- 
BUS, and the adjacent places, yet destitute of inhabitants." Vol. xix. 254. 

A very able and learned writer, who has paid particular attention to 
the subject, contends that "the Cimbri, who, in conjunction with the 
Teutones, invaded Italy, and were defeated by Marius," were Goths. " The 
country," he says, "whence they proceeded, their close alliance with a 
Gothic tribe, and the description given of them by the Greek and Latin 
historians, who appear to have considered them of the same race with the 
Teutones, clearly prove them to have been of German origin. ^Plut. in 
Mario ; Livy, Epit L. 68 ; Percy's Preface to Mallet's North. Antiq. p. 38 ; 
Mallet, vol. i. 32.) To these considerations it may be added, that the 
name of their leader, Boiiorix, is evidently of Gothic structure ; and. that 
Tacitus, who, in his description of Germany, particularly and expressly 
marks the few tribes who appeared not to be Germans, is entirely silent 


re0peetiiig the Celtic ofrigin of the Gunbri ; and in his aoooont points oat no 
difierence between them and the other inhabitants. TaciL Gkrm. 37." 
Ikiitu BeT. for Jnly 1803, pp. 367, 368. 

The Suiones haye never been viewed as Celts, bnt generally acknow- 
ledged as the more immediate ancestors of the Swedes, although some saj, 
of the Danes. The SUones, also a Scandinavian nation, were settled in 
theee northern regions before the time of Tacitus^ Ca^ar ^ftatifift^t that 
the Tentones and Cimbii, before his time, painun nostrarum memarioy after 
harassing all Caul, had attempted to enter into the territories of the Belgae. 
Ckdl. lib. iL c. 4. 

Sat when ancient writers insinoate any thing an&vonrable to oar 
author's hypothesis, he refoses to give them credit We have seen with what 
fineedom l^untas is treated on another point. Here he meets with the same 
treatment, althoogh in good company. ** When J. Caesar and Tacitos speak 
of Celtic colonies proceeding from Gaal into Germany, they only confound 
those recent colonies with the ancient people, who appear to have been 
unkfunon to those celebrated writers. Strabo, toko wcls not tctU informed 
with regard to Western Earope, acquaints ns, indeed, that the Daci ab 
antiquo^ of old, lived towards Oermany^ aronnd the fountains of the Danuba 
Vol. I. 446. If his notion of antiquity extended to the age of Herodotus, 
'we might leam from the &ther of histoiy, that the Danube had its springs 
among the Celtae." Caled. p. 15. N. 

fiespectable as the testimony of Herodotus is, it cannot^ in this 
instance, be preferred to that of Strabo ; for it is evident that he Imew very 
little of the Celts, and this only by report. The accurate and intelligent 
Sezmell does not lay much stress on the passage referred to. ''Our 
antfaor," he says, '' had heard of the Celtae, who lived beyond the columns 
of Hercnles, and bordered on the Cynesiae or Cynetae, the most remote of 
all the nations who inhabited the western parts of Europe. — ^Who the latter 
were intended for, we know not" Greog. Syst of Herod, pp. 41, 42. 

If the ancient inhabitants of Germany were unknown to Caesar and 
Tadtna, with what consistency is it said, only in the page immediately 
preceding, where the writer speaks of Mascou's work on the ancient 
Grennans, that " the Gothic people," whom he " considers as the first 
settlers of his country, — obviously came in on the Celtic aborigines ; as los 
leam from, /. Caesar and Tacitus /" Caled. p. 14, N. Could these cele- 
brated writers acknowledge the Celts as aborigines, although " the ancient 
people" who inhabited Grermany, ''appear to have been unknown to" 

He also takes it for granted, that the Goths were a different people 
from the Scythians. 

*• Every inquiry," he observes, " tends to demonstrate, that the tribes 
who originally came into Europe by the Hellespont, were remarkably 
difierent, in their persons, their manners, and their language, from those 
people who in ailer ages migrated from Asia, by the more devious course 
around the northern extremities of the Enxine, and its kindred lake. This 
striking variety must for ever evince the difference between the Oothic and 
the Scythian hordes jhoweveT they may have been confounded by the inaccu- 
racy of some writers, or by the design of others." Ibid. p. 12. 

This assertion seems to have at least the merit of novelly. It is 
probably hazarded by our author, because he wishes it to appear that the 



Ootlis did not enter Europe bo early as he finds the Scythians did ; and 
also, that the former were never so powerful a race as to be able to people 
a great part of Europe. Bat we need not spend time on it ; as this passage 
contains all the proof that is exhibited. I shall only add, that, according 
to Bennell, the Scythia of Herodotas answers generally to the Ukraine, — 
" its first river on the west being the Danube. Gheog. Syst p. 50. Our 
author admits, that, during the fifth century before our common era, the 
Goths ** inhabited the western shores of the Euxine, on the south of the 
Danube." Caled. pp. 12, 13. He places them so nearly on the same spot with 
Herodotus, that he cannot easily prove that those, whom he calls Goths, 
were not the same people whom '* the father of history " calls Scythians. 

The accurate Reviewer, formerly quoted, has shown that, according to 
Diodorus Siculus, the Scythians settled beyond the Tanais, on the Borders 
of Thrace, before the time of Sesostris, who, it is supposed, flourished about 
1400 A.G. Hence he considers the opinion, independently of its direct 
evidence, that '* 500 a.o., they had advanced to the western extremity of 
Gaul, as by no means absurd or improbable." Edin. Bev. tU sup, p. 358. 

He afterwards shows that Strabo (lib. vii. p. 295, Gausab.) *' evidently 
considers the G^tae as a Scythian tribe ;" adding, ^' Pliny says, * From tb^ 
Borysthenes, over the whole adjoining country, all are Scythian nations, 
difierent tribes of whom dwell near its banks: in one part the Getasy 
whom the Bomans call the Daci,* Hist. Nat. lib. iv. c. 12. Zamolzis is 
mentioned by Herodotus, Melp. p. 289 ; and by Strabo [ut «up.] as wor- 
shipped by the Getae ; and the authors of the Etyf>iol. Mag,j and Suidas, 
(in voc. Zamolzis) understand the G^tae of Herodotus, whom they quote, to 
be Scythians." Ibid. p. 359. 

Perhaps the strangest Ibundation of Mr. C.'s theory, is his opinion 
with respect to the language of the Belgae. He is well aware, that if it 
appear from ancient history that their speech was Gothic, his whole fi&bric 
must &]! to the ground ; because it is undeniable, that Belgio colonies were 
settled in Britain before tha invasion by Julius Caesar. To me, the 
existence of the Belgae in Britain, when it was first visited by the Bomans, 
had always appeared an irrefragable proof that the Gothic language was 
very early spoken, if not in the northern, at least in the southern, parts of 
our island ; and of itself a strong presumption that it was prettv generally 
extended along the eastern coast. But our author boldly outs tibe Gordian 
knot ; finding it easier, doubtless, to do so than to loose it 

"The British Belgae," he says, " were of a Celtic lineage."— " This 
inquiry with regard, both to the lineage and colonization of the Belgae in 
Britain, has arisen, by inference, rather than by direct information, from 
J. Caesar, when he speaks of the Belgae as occupying one-third of G«ul, 
and as using a different tongue from the other Gauls. De Bell. Gall. 1. i. c. 
1. Yet from the intimations of Livy and Strabo, Pliny and Lucan, we 
may infer, that J. Caesar meant dialect^ when he spoke of language. He 
ought to be allowed to explain his own meaning by his context. He after- 
wards says, Hhatthe Belgae were chiefly descended from the Germans; 
and, passing the Rhine, in ancient times, seized the nearest country of the 
Gauls.' Ibid. lib. ii. c. 4. But Germany, as we have seen, was poasessed 
by the Celtae, in ancient times,** &c. Caled. p. 16. N. 

It is evident that the learned writer, notwithstanding the force of his- 
torical evidence to the contrary, is extremely unwilling to admit anv distinct 



migration of the Belgae to Britain. For he adds — " It is even probable, 
that the Belgae of Kent (Gantae) may have obtained from their neighbours 
the Belgae of Gkinl, their Gaelic name ; and even derived such a tincture 
from their intercourse, both in their speech and in their habits, as to appear 
to the nndistinguifihing eyes of strangers, to he of a doubtful descent," 

It is asserted that Caesar gives no direct information as to the Belgae 
nsing a different tongue from the other Gauls. He does not, indeed, give 
any information of this kind. For, although he uses the common name for 
the country into which the Belgae had forced their way, calling it Gallia^ 
he expressly distinguishes them from the Ghiuls. With respect to the dif- 
ference of the language of this different people, he gives the most direct 
information. So little ground is there for the most remoto idea that he 
meant only a peculiar dialect^ that he uses all those distinguishing modes of 
expression wluch could be deemed necessary for characterizing a different 
race. He marks this difference, not merely in language, but in customs 
and laws. ^ Hi omnes lingua^ institutis, legibus inter se differunt." Lib. 
i. c 1. After the lapse of many centuries, every traveller observes the 
strong attachment of the Celts, not only to their language, but to their cus- 
toms ; and can it be snpposed that they were so thoroughly changed by 
residing a few centuries in Belgium, although surrounded by kmdred tribes ? 
Caesar does not speak like a man whe was only throwing out a vague 
opinion. For he elsewhere informs us, that in consequence of particular 
inquiry, which he personally made at the deputies of the Khemi, who of 
the Belgae were most contiguous to G^ul, ^ he found that the greatest part 
of the Belgae were spnmg from the Germans, and that they had anciefitly 
crbssed the Bhine^ and taken np their abode there, because of the fertility 
of the country, and expelled the Gauls who inhabited these places." Lib. 
ii. c. 4. 

Is it not evident from this language, that not only Caesar considered 
the Gauls as a different race from the Germans, but that these deputies 
were fully persuaded of the same thing ? Had they known, or even sus- 
pected, that the inhabitants of Germany were origmally the sanie people 
with the (}auls, wonld they not naturally have said, that they had sprung 
from the Oaub of Oermany^ and not from those of Gkdlia P Does not the 
term ortos properlv reier to the people or kindred, and not to any former 
place of residence r 

J£ a single doubt can remain, with respect to the certainty of the mi- 
gration of the Belgae to Britain, after it had been possessed by the Celts, 
it must be removed by attending to what the same historian says in another 
place. ** The interior part of Britain is inhabited by those who, according 
to tradition, were the dborigines ; the maritime parts, by those who, for tho 
sake of war and spoil, passed over from Belgia, who are almost all denomi- 
nated from those states from which they had their origin ; and who began 
to cultivate the lands which they had conquered. The number of men is 
infinite,'^ &c. Lib. v. c. 12. 

An attempt is made to avoid the force of Caesar's testimony concerning 
the origin of the Belgae from the Germans, when it is said, " But Germauy, 
a$ we home seeuj was possessed by the Celtae in ancient times." This, how- 
ever, is £Burly to beg the question. Mr. Chalmers may persuade himself 
that he has seen this ; but, to others, the proof must appear extremely 
deficient. Although Caesar asserts that the Belgae differed from the Celts 


in language, costoma, and laws ; yet we most believe that he meant nothing 
more than that there was some slight difference in dialect. Although he 
asserts that they were mostly sprang from the Germans, we must believe 
that by them he either meant Gauls, or was not acquainted with his subject. 
The reader may take his choice ; for, in the isourse of two pages, both these 
assertions are made. 

The learned gentleman seems, indeed, te have overlooked an historical 
fact of the greatest importance in this inquiry, which has been stated in the 
clearest light by a well-informed writer, to whom I have had occasion to 
refer more than once. This respects the application of the name CeUs^ as 
used by ancient historians. 

'' The Greek authors appears to nse KeXtunf and TaXaTtfio, and the cor- 
responding names of the inhabitants, as strictly synonymous : they apply 
them sometimes to Gaul in general ; at other tunes the context proves that 
they are used in their original sense. But Belg^c Qaul and its inhabitants 
are most frequently denoted by the words, KeXrim; and KtXrai. The Belgae 
appear to have attracted most of the attention of these historians ; and their 
description of them is so uniform and accurate, that no doubt can be enter- 
tained that they mean the Belgic Gauls, although they call them KcXrai. 
Strabo, speaking of the inhabitants of Britain, says — * The men are taller 
than the Gauls (rwv KsXiwv), and their hair less yellow.' Lib. iv. p. 
194, 200. In his description of Germany, ' Immediately beyond the Rhine, 
to the east of the Oelts, the Germans live, differing little from the Celtic 
race (rov KeXnicov), in their savageness, tallness, and yellowness of hair ; 
and with respect to features, customs, and modes of life, very like the Gauls 
(tov« KcXtovv), whom we have already described : wherefore it is our opinion 
that the Romans have given them <very properly the name Germamf imply- 
ing the common origin of the Grauls (FaXaraf) and them." Lib. viL p. 290. 
The &ithfulness and exact information of this author are well known : we 
may, therefore, consider his description of the Gauls as accurate : but it 
will apply only to the German or Belgic Gauls. Yellow or red hair dis- 
tinguished a German tribe. There was no resemblance between the Celts 
and Germans. Diodorus fiiculus gives a very particular description of 
Gaul (FaXaTOio, KeXriiri/) ; and it is evident that these terms are frequently 
employed when he is speaking of that part which Caesar, from whom he 
has taken his description, says was inhabited by the Belgae. He also ex- 
pressively says, — * The Grauls (rakaTot) are tall, fair skinned, and naturally 
yellow haired.' Lib. v. p. 212. Polybius, our author asserts, describes 
the Gauls who pillaged Rome under Brennus, as Gelts : he certainly calls 
them Celts (FaXaror, KcXtoc) ; but his enumeration and description of their 
different tribes puts it beyond a doubt that they were Oerman Gauls. He 
particularly names and describes the Yeneti, Semnones, and Boil. JAK ii. 
p. 42, Edit. Bas. 1549. We have the express testimony of Strabo, that the 
first were German Gauls, lib. iv. p. 194 ; and the others are enumerated by 
Tacitus among the tribes of Germany ; Tacit. Germ. c. 88, 39. It may be 
objected, that Polybius mentions the Gauls as coming from a<country very 
remote from any assigned to them by Tacitus and Strabo. But, in the time 
of the first historian, the Romans were entirely ignorant of Germany, 
and knew very little of Transalpine Gaul, and therefore could not mention 
the names or sitnation of the country whence the invaders originally came. 
Polybius says, they proceeded into Italy from the adjoining territory on the 


north : this would be directly on their rente from Germany : and as they 
had most probably occnpied it for some time, Polybins, both from this cir- 
cnmstance and his want of information, would consider it as their original 
or permanent residence. Longolios, in his edition of TaeiH Germanioj shews 
that the appellations, Semnones and Boii, are evidently derived from the 
Gothic, and particularly applicable to* the situation and manners of those 
tribes. Tacit. Germ, edit LongoL c 38, 39. Pkusanias calls both the Celtic 
and Belgic inhabitants of Gkkul, FaXarai' and KeXTar; but as his authority 
IB less important, and his descriptions not so full and definite, we shall only 
refer to him. Pausanias, Lib. u. pp. 16, 62; 66 ; Lib. x. p< 644, &o» Edit. 
Sylbur. Hanov. 1613. 

*^ It is still more evident that the* terms QnlMa and OalU are frequently 
employed by the Latin authors, when their observations and descriptions 
are applicable only to Belgic Gkiul and its inhabitants.. We need not illus- 
trate this point by the examination of any particular passages, as it is 
generally admitted, and easily proved.*' Edin^Bev. utsup. pp. 366, 36?. 

But the assumptions of the learned writer,, which we have considered, 
are merely preparatory to the etymological evidence from Topoqrafhy, which 
he views as an irrefragable proof of his lm)othesis. We shall first advert 
to what is said in order to shew that the Belgae were Celts.- 

** The topography of the five Belgic tribes of Southern Britain," he 
observes, " has been accurately viewed by a competent surveyor [Whitaker, 
(Genuine Hist., of Britons, pp. 83-145], and the names of their waters, of 
their head-lands,, and of their towns, have been found, by his inquisitive 
inspection, to be only significant in the Celtic tongue;" Caled. p. 16. 

Candour requires that it should be admitted, that the Celtic dialects 
seem to excel the Gk)thic in expressive names of a topographical kind. The 
Celts have undoubtedly discovered greater warmth of fancy, and a more 
natural vein for poetical description, than the Gothic or Teutonic tribes. 
Their nomenclatures are, as it were, pictures of the countries which they 
inhabit. But at the same time, their explanations must be viewed with 
reserve, not oidy because of the vivid character of their imagination, but on 
Account of the extreme ductility of their language, which, from the great 
ehanges which it admits in a state of construction, has a far more ample 
nmge than any of the Grothic dialects. Hence, an ingenious Celt, without 
the appearance of much violence, could derive almost any word from his 
mother-tongue. Our author has very properly referred to JBuHefs Diction- 
aaire, in proof of " the great variety of the Celtic tongue;" Caled. p. 221. 
For any one, who consults that work,, must see what uncertain ground he 
treads on in the pursuit of Celtic eiymons^ 

The learned gentleman asserts, that the names in the five Belgic pro- 
mees of South Britain are " only significant in the Celtic tongue." I dare 
not pretend to say that I can give the true meaning of any of them, in 
another language ; because there is little more than conjecture on either 
side. But if it can be proved, that they may have a signification, in the 
Gothic or Teutonic, as well as in the Celtio— and one at least fully as prob- 
able — this argument must appear inconclusive. 

"The Belgic Cantae^ in Kent," he says, "derived their significant 
name from the districts which they inhabited ; being the British Camt, 
fiignifying the open country." This observation he applies, and it must 
apply equally wdl, to " the Caniae in North Britain ;" p. 17. By the way, 


it maj be observed, that this is a description of which onr aathor seems 
peculiarly fond ; although it is of a very general nature. For, as he says, 
p. 201, that the Picts reeeiyed from the British provincials the descriptive 
appellation of PeUhu}, which " denoted the people of the open country ;" in 
the very same page, explaining VerUa, the name of a tovnij he derives it from 
** British gweniy which, in composition, is wefiU, signifying the open cowUry" 
This also shews the flexibility of the language ; as the same word may be 
either cainty gwent, or went. But might not &e Gcmtae receive their name 
from Alem. and Germ, kant^ an extremity, a comer ; margo, extremitas, 
angulus ? Does not this more particularly describe the situation P Schilter, 
I find, vo. Kant^ has made the same observation which had occurred to me, 
He refers to Caesar, who indeed describes Kent as if he had viewed the 
name as descriptive of its situation ; Gujus nnum latus est contra Galliam : 
hujus lateris alter aTi^u^— est ad Cantium. Bell. Gbll. Lib. t. 13. It is 
also far more descriptive than Brit, gwenty of the situation of the CanJUte in 
North Britain, who inhabited the East of Boss-shire ; and whose country, 
as our author observes, p. 66, ^ ran out eastward into the narrow point" now 
called Tarbet-ness. There is at least one river in Elent, the name of which 
is not British. This is the Medway^ A. S. Medwaege, i e. the river which 
runs through the middle of the country, or holds the midway. It is pro- 
bable that this was the Belg. name, which the A.- Saxons retained, becau^ 
the Welsh call Maidstone, Caer Medwag, i e. the city on Medway. K 
Camden. The term Waeg or way appears indeed in the name given to it 
in the Itinerary of Antonine, Vagniacas, 

Mr. Chalmers derives the name of the Thames from Brit. Tou;, Tam^ 
&c, *' signifying what expands or spreads, or what is calm.'^ This river, 
which is one of the boundaries of Kent, has also been explained as signifieant 
in a Qoth. dialect, by a writer who had no interest in the present question. 
" There are two rivers in England,^ he says, " of which the one is very 
rapid, and is called Tif-w^ whence at iif-a^ praeceps hre : the other Temeoj 
which is almost stagnate, whence at temea" He explains eg tems^a, paulu- 
lum moveor. G. Andr. p. 237. 

In Kent, according to Antonine's Itinerary, three towns have Bur as 
the initial syllable ; Durovemumy Ihirolenum, and JDurobrwi^ or as Camden 
says, more correctly, DtMrobrovae. Dur, it has been said, in British and Irish, 
signifies water ; Caled. p. 17, N. But the idea is too general and indefinite, 
to have given rise to so many names as, in difibrent counties, exhibit this as 
a component term ; as BatayocZurum, a Belgic town, now Burstede^ &c, 
Schilter has observed, that, in composition, it signifies a door or mouth, 
ostium. Now, although the word occurs in Celtic compositions, it seems 
originally Teutonic. The primary idea is janua, a door^ which sense it still 
retains in almost all the dialects of this language. Brit, dor has the same 
meaning. But the Tent, term is far m6re general. 

The Begni of Sussex were another Belgic tribe. Baxter says, that 
Ptolemy wrote Eegni for Renci ; and derives the name from C. B. rheng^ 
quivis longus ordo, as lying along the coast. He admits that Bolg. rene has 
the same meaning, ordo, series ; also flexus, flexus viarum, &3. ; Kiliao. 
It has therefore at least an equal -claim with the British. The only city 
mentioned by Ptolemy in this district is Nouiomagus. Magus, according to 
Wachter, is a Celi word signifying a field, also a colony or town in a field. 
It frequently occnrs in the composition of continental names, en being used 


for the Latin terminatioxi us. But althongh magus should be originallj 
Celt., the name seems to have been formed by a Teutonic people, nouio 
being eridentlj Tent, niettw^ new. C. B. n&icydd is sjnon., bat more 
remote. This name is the very same with the ancient one of Nimeguevi^ 
Tent. Nieuivmegen. This is Noviomaguiy i. a the new colony or town. 

The proper Belgae possessed at least part of Somersetshire, besides 
Hampshire and Wiltshire. Bath was the Badiza^ or, as Baxter reads, the 
Badixa of Stephanna This the British called Goer hadon. Bat it is 
evident that the name is not Brit bat Belg. G«rm. Frana Belg. had, 
A. S. haMhj Alem. pad, balneum ; Alem. Franc, had-^m^ Oerm. had-euy A. S. 
baeiK-ofiy lavare- Ptolemy mentions UzeUa aestuarium, which Camden 
says, is now called Euelrtnouth,. Now Ooth. ot signifies the mouth of a 
river. Thus UzeUa would seem exactly to correspond to the modem name ; 
a. o«-eu62, the mouth of the Eud. To this day, Ogse^ in Shetland, where 
the Celtic never entered, signifies *^ an inlet of the sea ; *^ Brand's Descr. 
p. 70. 

As the names of many of the Belgic towns end in Dun or Dinum^ Mr. 
Chahners attempts to show that the Belgae must have been Celts, because 
*^ Lhnvum and Biwum are the latinized form of Bun and Din, which, in the 
British and Irish, a« well as in the ancient Oothic, signify a fortified place ; " 
Caled p. 17, N. But if dun has this signification Vft the ancient Gothic^ the 
argument proves nothing. From what he has stated, the presumption is 
that it was originally a Goth, and not a Celt. term. For, as he says, that 
*'*' Dunum is the name of the chief town of the Oauci in Ireland, which is 
asserted to be a Bolg^c tribe ; " it is questionable if any of the other towns, 
having this termination, were OeUic. Londinum and Camelodunum were 
Belgic towns, being situated in the territories of the Trinovantes. Maridu' 
num^ according to Baxter, who reads Margidunum^ is from Tent, maerg^ 
marl, which is copiously found in the neighbourhood, and (fun, town. He 
says that, in the modem British, mer signifies medulla. But in the old 
Brit, the term for marl is the same with that now used in English. It 
may be added that Oerm. dun^ as signifying civitas, urbs, is only the term, 
properly signifying an inclosure, locus septus, used in a secondaiy sense. 
It is derived from iyn-en^ sepire. F. Wachter, vo. Pun. 

It bas been asserted, that " there is a radical difierence in the forma- 
tion of the Celtic and Oothic names which furnishes the most decisive test 
for discriminating the one language from the other in topographic disauisi- 
tions ; and even in the construction of the two tongues : such vocables as 
are prefixed in the formation of the British and Gaelic names are constantly 
affixed in the composition of the Gothic, the Saxon, and English names. — 
Those tests are so decisive as to give the means of discriminating the 
Celtic from the Saxon or Gothic names, when the form of the vocables 
compounded are nearly the same." Caled. p. 491. Without disputing the 
propriety of this position, it is su£&cient to observe that, if this be eo decisive 
a test^ although the names of places termvuathig in Dun, Dunum, &c are 
elsewhere (p. 17) claimed as Celtic, it must be evident that the claim is 
nnjust. Londinum, Vindonum, Mitsidunutn, Oamelodunum, Bigadunwm, 
Maridunum, &c. must all be Gothic names. 

It is a strong assertion, which the learned writer has made, that '* the 
topography of Scotland, during the two first centuries of our common era 
—contains not a particle of Gothicism ;" p. 231. '* The Camabii, Damnii, 



oad Caniae, of Scotland are granted to hare been Belgic tribes ;" Ibid. pp. 
16, 17, N. The Camabii, or with greater approximation to the orthography 
of Ptolemy, Comabii, have been sapposed to receive their name from the 
three g^reat promontories which they possessed in Caithness, Noss-head, 
Dancansby-Head, and the Dnnnet-Head. For com in Brit, is said to 
signify a promontory. But the name might be derived, in the same sense, 
from Belg. JcoeTj specula, a watch-tower, and nebbe^ a promontory ; q. the 
people who looked attentively from the promontories. Or, if it should be 
Camabii, it may be from O. Goth, kar^ a man, whence Su. G-. karl, A. S. 
ceorly id. Y. Karlj Ihre, and YereL Ind. This most probably gives us the 
origin of a number of names, beginning with Car, which Mr Pinkerton has 
mentioned, without adverting to the use of the term in Gothic (Enquiry, L 
226 ;) as the Gareni and Camonacae of Scotland, the Carini of ancient 
Germany, the Oarbilesi and Carbiletae of Thrace, the Garni, &c. dbc. The 
latter part of the word may be from Nabaei or Navaidy the river Navem. 
Virvedr-um, Duncansby-head, may be composed of IsL ver, ora, and vedr, 
tempestas, q. the stormy coast. 

Concerning Berubiunij Noss-head, it has been said, that "the word 
Bery would seem to have been a common appellation to such places, as 
Dungisbay Head, at those times [when Ptolemy wrote]. At this day, a 
similar promontory in the island of WaUs in Orkney, is termed the Bery, 
The word is clearly of Norwegian derivation. It signifies a place of obser- 
vation ; or a principal station for discovering the approach of an enemy by 
sea, when at a great ^distance.'' P.. Ganisbay, Statist. Ace. viii. 163. By 
mistake, however, the writer applies the name Benihium to Dungisbay Head. 
He says, that "there is not a place throughout t<he parish, whose name 
indicates the least affinity to" the Ghi^lic. Tarvedr-um may be from ta^r-o, 
atterere, and vedr, tempestas ; the promontory where the eiorm rends or 
tears ships. 

We have already adverted to the meaning of the name Cantos. In the 
territory of this tribe was the Vara Aestuarium, or Murray Frith, into which 
runs the river BeauL'e, anciently called Farar, IsL vara, voer in Gbnit. 
varar, signifies ora, portus, a harbour, ubi appellant naves ; G. Andr. p. 
247. Loica, the name given by Ptolemy to the Murray Frith, may be allied 
to IsL loka, a small harbour, porta parva ; Yerel. These etymons have at 
least as much probability as those of Baxter ; who deduces Varar from 
C. B. gwar ar isc, maris coUum, the neck of the sea, and Loxa from ad osc, 
superciliunx aquae, the brow of the water. Mr. Chalmers says, that the 
latter '^ obviously derived its name from the British Llwch, with a foreign 
termination, signifying an inlet of the sea, or collection of water ;" p. 66, N. 
But the Goth, dialects exhibit this word with &r greater variety of use ; 
Su. G. A. S. Alem. hg, laga, a lake ; Isl. log, laug,lug, a sea, a collection of 
waters ; Su. G. loeg^a, profluente unda vel mare se proluere ; Isl. log-ast^ 
fiuvium vel aquam tranare ; Alem. lauche, coUectio aquarum, &c. &c. 

He thinks that the Gatini, whose name is retained in Caithness, '^ pro1> 
ably derived their appellation from the British name of the weapon, the 
Gal, or Gatai, wherewith they fought," q. clvhmen; p. ^7. But the Gateia 
was a weapon of the ancient Germans. If the testimony of Yirgil merits 
regard, it belonged not to a Celtic but to a Teutonic people. 

Teutonieo lita aoUti torquere cateiat, — ^Aen. Lib. tU. 

For this reason, the Gateia was also called Teutona. Hence Aeelfric 



in his A. S. Gl. says, Cilava vel Cateiay vel TetUona, annes cynnes geaceoi^ i. e. 
" a javeline of the same kind." Servius informs us that spears were called 
Cateiae in the Teutonic language." Wachter says, " It is properly a javelin, 
denominated firom katt-en^ i. e. because of its being thrown,** 

This etymon pretty clearly indicates that they were Belgae. They 
might perhaps be the same people with the GaUiy a German nation men- 
tioned by Tacitus. Their name, according to Wachter, signifies warlike^ 
from the Celtic word ccU^ war. 

In the specimens which our author has given of the names of Promon- 
tories, Bivers, Ac. in North Britain, it is granted that many are undoubtedly 
Celtic. It is not, however, a satisfactory proof of the British origin of the 
Picts, that many British names are yet retained in the country which they 
possessed. For, while it is said that the Scoto-Saxon afterwards prevailed 
over the Graelic, it is admitted that the Celtic names of places, whether British 
or Gaelic, still kept their ground. It is also well known, that in various parts 
of England, where the descendants of the Anglo-Saxons have resided for 
upwards of thirteen centuries, the names of some rivers and mountains are 
still British. Lhuyd even goes so far as tp assert, that the names of different 
rivers are not Welsh or Armorican, but of Irish or Ghielic origin : whence 
he infers, that those who now speak the Irish language, possessed the 
southern parts of Britain before the Welsh, and that the latter were only 
a secondary colony from Gktul. Now, if this be the case as to the Welsh, 
who have possessed that country for nearly two thousand years, might not 
the same thing happen in the northern part of the island ? V. liiuyd's 
Lett, to the Welsh, Transl. pp. 12, 1 7. 

The very same process passes before our own eyes. Do not the British 
settlers in America very generally retain the Indian names of rivers, bays, 
mountains, villages, &c. May it therefore be justly inferred, a thousand 
years hence, that the British were an Indian people ? 

The author of Caledonia observes, p. 221 — *' In the subsequent progress 
of the Gothic tribes over Europe, wherever they occupied countries which 
had been previously occupied by the Celts, the Gothic intruders nut only 
adopted the names of the rivers, mountains, and other places, that the more 
lively genius of the Celts had imposed, from a more energetic and descrip- 
tive speech ; but the Gothic colonists borrowed many terms from the more 
opulent language of their Celtic predecessors. — The Saxons, who settled in 
Britain, were prompted, by the poverty of their speech, to follow the 
example of their Gothic fathers." 

Is not this sufficient to invalidate the argument in favour of the British 
origin of the Picts ? If Gotiis, it is natural to suppose that, like the rest 
of their brethren, they would retain the Celtic names. 

This assertion, however, must not be carried too far. For, notwith- 
standing the concession frequently made by Schilter and Wachter, that 
words retained in Germany, to which they could not assign a Gothic origin, 
are Celtic ; other learned writers have viewed the matter in a difierent light. 
Leibnitz condndes, from Boxhom's Brit. Diet., that the Welsh have bor- 
rowed a great deal from the German. Oper. Vol. IV. P. I. Hist. p. 193. 
The truth seems to be, as Ihre candidly acknowledges, that some of the 
most ancient and primitive terms, common to the Gothic and Celtic dialects, 
are so nearly allied, that it is impossible to determine rrith certainty to 
which of ihsm they have originally belonged. 


Many of the wordB, indeed, which the learned writer haa selected as 
exclnsiyelj British, appear in the Ooth. dialects. Cove^ it is said, signifies 
a creek, from C. B. co/, a hollow trunk, a cavity, a belly. Bat A. 8. cq/e, 
Isl. and Germ, hofe^ seem to give the proper sense; spelnnca, a cave. 
Oove-harboor (St Yigeans, P. Forfars.), is mentioned as confirming the 
other sense. But its proper name is EasUhamtn, The cove$ in its vicinity 
are not creeks^ bnt caves. Kyls^ p. 34, a strait, is not confined to Celt. F. 
Diet, in vo. Heugk, p. '35, a height on the sea-coast, is traced to C. B. uch^ 
high, &c. But the term is strictly Ooth. F. Diet. The words having 
part, a harbour, in their composition, are very oddly claimed as C. B. Forihf 
it is said, p. 36, N., is merely G. B. porthf a haven, being '* the great haven 
of Edinburgh." Far more accurately might it be deduced from IsL fiordy 
SxL (j.fiaerdy a firth. But more probably, the frith took the name of the 
river, a name which it bears far above Stirling. There is no necessity that 
Raniy as signifying a point, in a variety of names (p. 36) should be traced 
to rcumy high, or in G. B. what projects. Su. G. and GFerm. ram will answer 
fully as well ; ora, margo ; terminus. 22m, Byndj Rhind^ denoting a point, 
may all be traced to Isl. rind-ay protrude, whence rind-ungy protmaio ; or 
may be the same with Alem. riuy terminus, limes, finis, from rvtif^ny separara. 
BosSy a promontory, p. 37, may be allied to Tout, roe^ rooUey rupes, petra, 
sive mons pra^nptus ; Franc. roZy id. Although G. B. irwyn signifies a 
nose, a snout, and Com. ir•f^ a nose, a promontory, they seem originally 
the same with Isl. trionay rostrum porrectum. 

Among the Biver$y ^c, p. 37, the first mentioned are White Adder^ and 
Black AddeTy the' term being traced to C. B. wweddwTy running water. But 
although written, in some of the Statist. Accounts, Whittacier and Whitt- 
atety the vulgar pronunciation is merely given. In four instances, where 
the first of these denominations is explained, it is resolve^ as all the South 
of Scotland knows it ought to be, into White water. AUatiy Alweriy EUoin^ 
and AlUy p. 38, are claimed as of Brit, origin. Alem. eUende denotes 
impetus, from eHretiy festinare. ^w. elfy however, signifies a river ; in its 
inflected form, dfwen or elvetu Hence, as has been supposed, the Efh in 
Germany, Lat Alh-is, Air is traced to C. R avTy brightness, or a^Ty 
violence. Isl. a^ corresponds to the latter, furious ; oeT'Oaty to rage, oer-o, 
to raise to fruy. Avony a river, may be allied to Su. G. a^Oy water, in 
general, a river, which assumes the inflected form of a4in. V. Budbeck. 
Atlant. iL 52. Bannochnm does not appear to be a dimin. from Gael, km, 
as in p. 39, but a Goth, name : F. Banmock in Diet. BeRo (C. B. bellawy a 
tumultuous raging stream): Isl. bell^y to be driven with noise, and aOj 
water. The name Bran (O. Gael, a stream, C B. what rises over, p. 39), 
may originate from its lucidity ; Germ, brandy clear, bright. 

The rivers which have the name Ccddery are derived from Brit. caZed'- 
dury the hard water, or ceU'dwry Ir. coiU'dury the woody water, p. 40. 
The latter is most natural ; because, when this name was given, it must be 
supposed that the country was almost one wood. Isl. kaelda signifies an 
impuro spring of water, or living water in putrid and marshy ground ; F. 
G. Andr. The Dean (p. 41), might properly enough be traced to Qerm* 
dien-eny humiliare, as it is a very fiat stream, that creeps along through 
Strathmore ; as der^ a small dale, seems to acknowledge the same origin, 
q. locus depressus. Don and Doon derived from C. B. dovniy Ir. deny daj'k, 
dusky ; or douiny deep, may be from Goth, don^a strepere, to make a noise. 


Eden (deduced from C. B. eddain^ a gliding stream, p. 48), might be traced 
to A« 8. ca, water, a river; and den^ a vale. The very prevsdent name of 
Esk^ notwithstanding its evident affinity to O. Gaxd. esc, wysc, C. B. wysg, 
Is. ease, iUsg, water, a stream, a river, cannot reasonably disclaim all Goth, 
affinity. For IsL wass is the genitive of wcUtn, water, G. Andr. pp. 248, 
249y tiie form of which is retained in Germ, wasser, aqua, flavins. Wachter 
observes, that Belff. eeck or asch denotes a stream. This he indeed views 
as form^ from Cdt iaca. But this is at least very doubtful ; for this good 
reason, that the Goth, dialects retain the obvious origin of the name for 
water, as weU as the primary idea, in vos, perfusio aquas, <&c.; V, Diet. vo. 
Wbez^ V, Foe, as the learned Hyde says, the reason why water has re- 
ceived this name is plainly because it ouseih ovi. Hence he expl. Oxford, q. 
(m«6-/orf, either the ford, or the castle, on the water. Even the designa- 
tion Oar-leo7^UT'U9e, i. a the cit^ of the Legion on the river is not exclu- 
sively Celt. For Wormius, in like manner, thus explains Dan. oa or oia; 
Ostium fluminis ; vel sinum maris notat. ; Monum. Dan. pp. 195-196. 
The Brunic letter 0, or Oys, is thus defined ; Sinus maris promontoriis 
acutioribus excurrentibus, nautis infestis : vel etiam ostium maris portum 
navibns praebens. Literat. Bun. c. xvi. p. 87 : F. also Jun. Gl. Goth. p. 
22. To this day, Isl. aroa signifies the mouth of the river ; Yerel. 

Nothing can be inferred fr^m Ey, in Eymouth, &a p. 4^ ; for it is un- 
questionably Goth. If it appears in Celt, in the forms of aw, ew, ea, ey, a 
river, we find Su. Ot, a, Su. G. IsL aa, A. S. ea, pL aea, Alem. aha^ id. 
Oerm. ache, elementum aquae, Moes. G. aquha, id. ; V. Ihre, vo. Aa, amnis. 
'Oarry (derived from C. B. garw, Ir. garbh, what is rough, a torrent), may 
be resolved into A. S. gave, gearm, expeditus, and ea, aqua^ q. the rapid 
stream, S. the yatre stream. Lyne (C. B. what is in motion, what flows, p. 
46), may be allied to Isl. Un^ur, G^rm. liiid, mild gentle. Lunan is traced 
to Celt, lun. Ion, lyn, what flows, water, a lake, a pool. Isl. Ion, stagnum, 
laoana. Now, it is admitted, that " the Lunan in Angus, from its tranquil 
flow, settles into a number of small pools." There is no necessity for de- 
riving Lid, which indeed seems the proper name of the river vulgarly called 
Liddal or Liddel, from C. B. Uid, '^a violent eflusion, a gush;" or *^0. 
(Gaulish lid, hasty, rapid," p. 47. It may be traced to Tent, lijd, transitus, 
lyd-en, to glide ; to Alem. lid, liquor ; to Isl. lid, a bending ; lid-a, to hasten, 
to pass with flight ; or to A S. hlid, Jdyd, tumult, noise, like Lid in Devon- 
shire, whence £u2-ford, A. S. hlydaford, which Somner thinks denominated 
from its noisy motion. Nid is derived from C. B. nidd, neth, " a stream 
that forms whirls or turns," p. 47. A. S. nithe is used in a similar sense ; 
nitJie one, genibus flexis, with bent knees, from nith^an, deorsum. Nethi/ and 
Nethan are said to be diminutives of the C. B. word. But Neikan is prob- 
j&hlj from A. S neothan, downwards, q. what descends ; and Nethy may be 
q. neoih^a, the water which descends, or the stream that is lower, in 
respect of some other. On Orr in Fife, and Orr, Urr, in Galloway, Mr. C. 
refers to C. B. or, cold, wyr, signifying a brisk flow, Basque ura, water, a 
river, p. 48. Su. £r. ur denotes stormy weather; Alem. «r a river, because 
by inundation it lays waste like a wild beast; Isl. orra, Martis impetus. 
Fool, in several oompound words, is referred to C. B. pouU, Arm, poidl, QseL 
poll, a ditch, a pool ; and it is said that A. S. pol is from the C B., this 
woid beinff '* in all the dialects of the Celtic, but not in any of the pui-e 
Gothic diidects;" p. 48. But Tentpoel ispaltu, lacuna, stagnum; Su. G. 


poelf Isl. fod-a^ and Glerm. pfid^ id. Tay and Tevict are both deriyed from 
C. B. tOy iaw, '* what spreads or expands ; also, tranqnil." Isl. ieig^ia also 
signifies to extend. G. Andr. deduces Tif-r^ the name of a very rapid rivery 
from tyf-a^ praeceps pedare ; G^rm. tav-eriy diffluere, to flow abroad. Tweedy 
— " C. B. tuedd, signifies what is on a side, or border ;. the border or limit 
of a country;" p. 49. This etymon is pretty cons<mant to modem ideas. 
But when the name was imposed, Tw^ did not suggest the idea of a 
border any more than Tay, &c Allied perhaps to Isl. thwaette^ twaettey to 
wash, from ttvaoy id., as a river is said to wash a country. A. S. twaede 
signifies double, and may denote something in reference to the river. This 
name being given to it in Annaudale, we cannot well suppose it to origi- 
nate from the junction of the Tiviot^ and what is called Tweed ;. although 
these rivers are so nearly of a size, that one might be at a loss to say which 
of the names should predominate. Tyney — " C. B. taiuj. a river,, or running 
water." Isl. tyn-a^ to collect, q. the gathering of waters. Hence, perhaps, 
Tent tyney lacus. 

Yarrowy p. 60, to which the same origin with Oarry is ascvibed, may 
have been formed from geanoy as above; or from gCy the A. S. prefix, and 
areway an arrow, as denoting its rapidity. According to Wachter, Gbrm. 
arfy id. is used in this figurative sense. For he says that AntibOy a river 
which joins the Danube, has its name from arfy an arrow, because of its 
rapid motion. Ythafiy the liuna of Richard, is deduced '^from Brit. 
eddaiuy or ethuiny which signifies gliding," as being '*a slow runaing 
stream. Might it not be traced to A. 8. ythy unda, yth-iany to flow ? 

Among the names of Miscellaneous DietrictSy appears Daly as signifying 
a flat field, or meadow, from Brit, doly Ir. dal, id. p. 53. But this term 
appears in all the Gt)th. dialects, for a valley ; Moes. G. dcUeiy A. S. dady 
Su. G. Belg. daZy Isl. dal-ury Alem. taly tuoly &c. Besides, this is the pre- 
cise sense of C. B. doly as given by Lhuyd, vallis ; and Ir. M, has no 
afiBnity, as explained by Obrien. For it signifies a share, a portion^ evidently 
the same with Tent, deely Su. G. dely &,q. Nothing can be inferred from 
the names including EagleSy or EccleSy which our authop derives frem Brit. 
eglwySy Ir. eaglaisy &c. a church. For they are merely the corruptions of 
the Lat. name imposed by the monks. Thus the proper writing, of one ef 
the names mentioned, is not ^ccZe^-Magirdle,- but J^ccZa^ta-Magirdle. 
Nothing is done, unless it can proved that the 6r. word sccXijiria was borrowed 
from the Celtia If FordnUy Kincardines. and Forderiy Perths. be properly 
derived from Brit, ford, a passage, a road, the Goth, would have an equal 
claim ; A. S. fordy a ford, fore, iter, Su. G. focrCy viae facilitas. 

Rayney Aberd. is traced to C. B. rhanuy Ir. rantiy rain, " a portion, a 
division, a division of lands among brothers ;" p. 56. Isl. ren, signifies the 
margin or border of a field ; whence rend^y ager limitatus ; Verel. 

Here I only shall add, that the learned writer goes so far as to asEert 
that the very ** name of the Belgae was derived from the Celtic, and not a 
Teutonic origin." " The root," he adds, " is the Celtic Bely signifying 
tumult, havock, war ; Belay to wrangle, to war ; BelaCy trouble, molestation; 
Belawgy apt to be ravaging; Belgy an overwhelming, or bursting out; 
Belgiady one that outruns, a ravager, a Belgian ; BelgwSy the ravagers, the 

Belgae;" p. 17. 

This, although it were true, would prove nothing as to the origin of 
the Belgae. For we might reasonably enough suppose that the name had 


been given them bj the neighbonring Celts, who had soffered so much from 
them, as thej invaded and took possession of part of their territories. Bat 
as oar author commends the Glossaries of Schilter and Wachter as dahoraie, 
p. 16, N. (b), as he jastly acknowledges the writers to be " vastly learned," 
p. 12, their sentiments merit some regard. Schilter says — *' That the name 
of the Belgae is German, certainly hence appears, that this people were of 
a German origin, and having crossed the Rhine, vanqoished the Ganls in 
these lands which they occupied." He then cites the passage from Caesar, 
formerly considered, adding — ^* This migration took place before the irruption 
of the Cimbri and Teutones, which was A. Ill* before Christ; because 
Caesar says that this was Patrum memoria nostrum^ but the other must 
have been long before, because he uses the term cmtiquitus.** He derives 
the name from Alem. belg-eny to be enraged, a term used by Notker, and 
still in Alsace and Belgium. ThuB Belgae is explained as equivalent to, 
indignabundi et irritabiles. 

Wachter seems to give the same etymon, vo. Balgen, He observes, 
that ancient writerseverywhere mark the wrathful disposition of the Belgae ; 
and particularly Josephus, Antiq. L. xix. c. 1. Bell. Jud. c. 16, when he 
calls the Germans -'^ men naturally irascible," and ascribes to them " fury 
more vehement than that of wild beasts." 

n. — But besides the evidence arising from history, it certainly is no 
inconsiderable proof that the northern parts of Scotland were immediately 
peopled from the North of Europe by a Gothic race, that otherwise no 
satisfactoiy account can be given of the introduction of the Yulgab 

It has been generally supposed, that the Saxon language was intro- 
duced into- Scotland in the reign of Malcolm Canmore, by his good queen 
and her retinue ; or partly by means of the intercourse which prevailed 
between the inhabitants of Scotland, and those of Cumberland, Northum- 
berland, Westmoreland, and Durham, which were held by the kings of 
Scotland as fiefs of the crown of England. An English writer, not less 
distinguished for his amiable disposition, and candour, than for the cultiva- 
tion of his mind, has objected to this hypothesis with great force of 

**• This conjecture,*' he says, ^ does not seem to bo perfectly satisfactory ; 
nor are the causes in themselves sufficient to have wholly changed the 
language of the country. If, at th^ present moment, the Celtic language 
prevailed over the whole of Scotland, instead of being confined to the 
Highlands, such a testimony would compel them to admit, either that the 
Saxons and Danes had been prevented by some unaccountable cause from 
attempting to form a settlement on the northern shores of this island ; or 
that their attempts had been rendered abortive by the superior bravery and 
skill of the inhabitants. But, as the same Teutonic dialects are found to 
form the basis of the language, both in England and in the lowlands of 
Scotland, Mr. Hume has been induced, and apparently with great reason, 
to infer, from this similarity of speech, a similar series of successive inva- 
sions ; sJthough this success is not recorded by the historians of Scotland. 

" Kthis conclusion be admitted, it is evidently unnecessary to refer us 
to the much later period of Malcolm's reign ; or to seek in his marriage 
with an EngUsb princess, in his distributions of lands among his followers, 

zxxnu josaxKuxion 05 tbs obigiii 

or in the policy which induced him to change his place of lesidencey for the 
establishment of a language, which the Saxons and Danes could not fail of 
bringing with them ; and which, if it had not been thus introduced, the 
inhabitants of the plains would probably have rejected as obstinatelj as 
those of the mountains." Ellis's Spec. Anc EngL Poet. L 226, Ac 

To suppose, indeed, that a few foreign adherents of a courts zeoeiTed as 
refbgees, could change the language of a country, is to form the idea of 
something which would vp^euc in history as a &ct completely insulated. 
Whether the same elegant writer be right or not in his opinion, that William 
the Conqueror did not think of eradicating the Saxon language, his reason- 
ing, abstractedly viewed, is certainly just. *^ William must ha,ve known 
that the Franks who conquered (}aul, and his own ancestors who subdued 
Nenstria, had not been able to substitute the Teutonic for the Romance 
language, in their dominions ; that the measure was not at all necessary to 
the establishment of their power ; and that such an attempt is, in all cases, 
no less impracticable than absurd, because the patient indociliiy of the 
multitude must ultimately triumph over the caprice of their armed pre- 
ceptors." Ibid. pp. 38, 89. 

It is undeniable, indeed, that the Norman-French, although it had 
every advantage, and retained its ascendancy at court for several ages, was 
at length even there borne down by the Saxon, which had still been spoken 
by the vulgar. The Bomans, although they conquered the South-Britains, 
civilized them in a cousiderable degree, and introduced the knowledge of 
arts among them, seem scarcely to have made any impression on their 
language. The Goths, who subdued the Bomans, and seated themselves 
in Italy, were in their turn subdued by the very people to whom they gave 
laws, as receiving their language from them. For it is well known that^ 
although a variety of Grothic words are retained in the Italian, by &r the 
greatest proportion is Boman. 

Can it be supposed, then, without directly contradicting universal 
experience, that a few Saxons, who were not conquerors, but refiigees, could 
give language to the nation that afforded them protection F Has any 
change similar to this taken place among the Welsh, who are viewed as the 
same people with the Picts, notwithstanding their intercourse with the 
English during several centuries, since the cessation of national hostilities ? 
Have the Celts of Ireland renounced their language, in compliment to the 
English of the PaiCj as they have been called, who in proportion were 
certainly far more numerous than the Saxons belong^g to the court of 
Canmore ? Few nations have been more tenacious of the customs and 
language of their ancestors than the Celtic inhabitants of Scotland. We 
know how little progress has been made, for more than half a centuiy past^ 
in diffusing the English tongue through the Highlands, although not only 
the arm of power has been employed to dissolve the feudal attachments, 
but the aid of learning and religion has been called in. The young are 
indeed taught to read English, but they often read without understanding, 
and still prefer speaking Qaelic. 

Had the Saxon found its way into Scotland in the manner supposed, 
it would necessarily have been superinduced on the Graelic. This has 
always been the case, where one language prevailed over another, unless 
the people who spoke the original language were either completely or nearly 
exterminated. Thus was tibe Norman gradually incorporated with the 



SazoB, as the Fraaldsh had been with the Latinized Celtic of France. Bnt 
the number of Gaelic words to be fonnd in what is called the Broad Scots 
bears a very small proportion to the body of the language. 

It is well known, that in many places on the borders of the Highlands, 
where, according to the hypothesis controverted, the one language should 
Mppear as it were melting into the other, they are kept totally distinct. 
This is particularly remarked in the account of the parish of Dowally in 
Perthshire. ** It is a curious fact, that the hills of Swing's Seat and Crai^ 
Barns, which form the lower boundary of Dowally, have been for centuries 
the separating barrier of these languages. In the first house below them, 
the English is, and has been spoken ; and the Gaelic in the first house (not 
above a mile distant) above them." Statist. Ace. xz. 490. In eome 
instances a rivulet forms as effectual a boundary, in this respect, as if an 
ocean intervened. 

Malcolm Ganmore, according to the testimony of Simeon of Durham 
and Brompton* in his incursions into England, carried so many captives 
with, him, that they were afterwards seen, not only in every village, but in 
every house. Had this been literally the case, his army must have borne 
some resemblance to that of Xerxes. But although this had been literally 
the case, would captives or slaves overpower the language of their masters ? 
Is it not admitted, at any rate, that after the death of Malcolm they '* were 
driven away by the usucd enmity of the Gaelic people ; " that '* the Celtic 
inhabitants wonlcT not submit to " the authority of Duncan, till he had 
agreed never again to introduce Normans or English into their country ; 
that '* this jealousy of strangers continued under Donal Bane;'* and that it 
" occasioned insurrections under William the Lyon ? " Caled. p. 498. 

It is evident that some Saxon Barons, with their followers, received 
lands in Scotland, during some of the succeeding reigns. But a few indi- 
viduals could not produce greater effects in Scotland, than all the power of 
the Norman barons in England. It seems also undeniable, that the 
foreigners of distinction who settled in Scotland, particularly in the reign 
of David I., were mostly Normans, and therefore could not introduce the 
Saxon. According to Lesley, Hist. Scot. Lib. vi. p. 201, this was the case 
even in the time of Canmore. 

It is very questionable, if, even during the reign of Edward the 
Confessor, French was not the language principally spoken at court. It 
has been asserted, indeed, that during this reign, *' the Anglo-Saxon had 
ceased to be cultivated." V. Ellis's Spea i. 39. Camden has said, that 
Edward the Confessor "resided long in France, and is charged by 
historians of his time to have returned from thence wholly Frenchified. 
Bemains, p. 210. 

It has been supposed that this unparalleled change was partly owing 
to occasional intercourse with the northern counties of England, which 
were subjected to the Scottish crown. But this intercourse was by far too 
limited to have any influence in completely changing a language. It would 
be more natural to invert the idea, and to suppose that t^be inhabitants of 
these countries had received the peculiar terms, which they retain in com- 
mon with the vulgar of Scotland, from the residence of the Scots among 
them, while the heir-apparent of our crown was Prince of Cumberland. 

It is certain that Domesday'booky a work compiled by order of William 
the Conqueror, from an actual survey of the whole of England, does not 


include any of the comities lying to the north of the Hnmber ; whic^ is a 
proof that, in that age, these counties were considered as belonging to 

Hardyng acknowledges that all the country to the North of the Hum- 
ber once pertained to Scotland. '*He made the bye ways throughotxt 
Britain, and he founded the archflamynes, at London one for Logres, 
another at Yorke for Albanye, that nowe is Scotlande ; for that time from 
Humber north that was that tyme Scotland ; and the thyrd at Garleon in 
Wales, for al Wales." Chron. Ruhr, of c. 33, Fol. 29, a. 

This indeed refers to a period long prior to the Christian era ; and the 
account is evidently fabulous. But I mention it because here it is admitted 
by the Chronicler, hostile as he was to the independence of Scotland, as a 
circumstance which could not be denied, that, in former times, the country 
to the North of the Humber was viewed as a part of Scotland. 

Bat there is still a more natural account of the g^at simikoity of 
language between Scotland and the North of England. To me it appears 
that Mr. Pinkerton has proved, from undoubted testimony, that the Piots 
had possession of the North of England for more than a century before that 
Ida founded the kingdom of Bernicia ; and that, although for a time they 
were subjected to the power of the Angles, they afterwards regained their 
authority in this quarter. V. Enquiry, I. 321-335. 

It may be viewed as a confirmation of this aecount, that, in the North 
of England, ih is often changed into d, " In the N.,'* says Lambe, — **ih 
is frequently changed into d ; as, for father^ we say fader; for girUk^ gird ; 
for Bothbury, a town in Northumberland, Bodbury ; for Lolkian^ Loudon.** 
Notes to the Battle of Flodden, p. 80. 

This is a distinguishing characteristic of the dialect of Angus, which 
was undoubtedly a part of the Pictish territory. For baith^ both, they still 
say batd; for skadih^ injury, akaid; for. maithj a maggot, matcf, &o. Now, it 
is well known that this is a peculiarity of the ancient Scandinavian. The 
Icelanders, at this day, pronounce the <A as if it were d ; they often, indeed, 
write (i, where ih, occurs in A. S. and in the German dialects. 

It has also been supposed that the Flemings^ a considerable number of 
whom occasionally settled in Scotland, contributed to the change of 
language. But, from all the evidence that we have of a Flemish colonization, 
the effect is evidently by far too great for the cause. Whatever* influence, 
as tradesmen, they might be supposed to have in towns, it most have been 
very inconsiderable in the interior parts of the country. As it is said that 
— " Aberdeenshire was particularly distinguished in early times, for consi- 
derable colonies of Flemings;** it has been inferred, that, ''we may thns 
perceive the tme sonrce, to which may be traced up the Teutomc dialect of 
Aberdeenshire, that is even now called the Brood Buehan.** Caled. pp. 
603, 604. But it will appear, from the following Dictionary, that many of 
these words are not Teutonic, but Scandinavian. At any rate, the flEict is 
undeniable, that many of the terms common in S., and especially in the 
North, are not to be found in any Anglo-Saxon, Flemish, or Teutonic 
Lexicon, but occur in those of Iceland, Sweden, or Denmark. Were there 
only a few of this descriptioD, it might be supposed that they had found 
their way into onr language by commercial intercourse, or bv some strag- 
gling settlers. But their number is such, that they cannot be ascribed to 
any adventitious cause. 



Here I miglit refer the reader to the following words, under one letter 
onlj : Bar, Bargane, v. and «., Barrat, BcUhe^ BavMe, Beik, BeUd, v, and «., 
Beirthy Bene, a,, Beugh, Bike, BUbie, BUlie, Bismar, Blait, Blout, Bladder, 
Boden, Boldin, Boo, Boun, Bracken, Brade, v, and s,, Brag^ Braith, BrasK, 
Break, v,, Bree, e. 2., Brent, a., Breth, Brim, Brooke, Brod, v. and s,. 
Brogue, Broukii, Bidler, v, and s. Burde. I might also refer to Border- 
meat, Emmie, Oleg, likand, (eident), Stannera, and to a thousand of the 
same description. 

Here I might also mention the remarkable analogies of idea, displayed 
in yerj singtdar figures, or modes of expression, common to our language 
with those of the North of Europe ; even where the words themselves are 
radicall J different. Maoj of theso occur in this work, which cannot rea- 
sonably be considered as merely casual, or as proceeding from any inter- 
course in later ages ; but, in connection with other evidence, may well be 
viewed as indications of national affinity. I may refer to the articles, 
LouH^s Piece, and Pockshakings, as examples of this coincidence. 

One thing very remarkable is, that^ among the vulgar, the names of 
herbs in the North of S. are either the same with those still used in Sweden 
and other northern countries, or nearly allied* The same observation 
applies, pretty generally through S.j to the names of quadrupeds, of birds, 
of insects, and of fishes. 

The circumstance of the Scottish language bearing so striking a 
resemblance to the English in its form, which has been undoubtedly bor- 
rowed firom the French, and particularly in its becoming indeclinable, has 
boon urged as a powerful proof that we borrowed our language from our 
Southern neighbours. But Mr. Ellis has manifested his judgment, not less 
than his candour, in the solution of this apparent difficulty. He shows 
that, " at the era assigned for the introduction of A.-Saxon into Scotland, 
as mdeed it had not been previously mingled with Norman, although it 
had, the Saxon refugees would never have wished to have introduced into 
that country, which afforded them an asylum, a language which they must 
have considered as the badge of their slavery." He also shows that, as the 
*' influx of French words did not begin to produce a sensible change in the 
language of England, till the beginning, or perhaps the middle, of the 
thirteenth century, its importation into Scotland ought to be capable of 
being distinctly traced ; and that, as the improvements of the common 
language would pass, by slow gradations, from the original into the pro- 
vincial idiom, the compositions of the English bards would be clearly 
distinguished by superiority of elegance." He denies, however, that this is 
the case, quoting the elegiac sonnet, on the death of Alexander TTT.^ as 
superior to any English composition of that early period. 

Upon the whole, he is disposed to conclade, that *^ Our language was 
separately formed in the two countries, and that it has owed its identity to 
its being constructed of similar materials, by similar gradations, and by 
nations in the same state of society." He thinks that the Scots borrowed 
the French idioms and phrases, like the English, from, the Norman Ro- 
mance, " the most widely diffused and most cultivated language, excepting 
the Italian, of civilized Europe." He also ascribes a considerable influence 
to the early and close union between the French and Scots, justly observ- 
ing, that any improvements borrowed from the former, would not be 
retarded in Scotland, rs they were in England, by a different lang^nage 




being spoken in tbe countsy firom that which was spoken at conrt ; becaose 
" the dialect of the Scottish kings was the same with ^t of their subjects." 
Spec. I. 226-233. 

As it is evident that the language could not have been imported into 
Scotland by the Saxon refugees, with its French idioms ; it is equally clear 
that these were not borrowed from the English. For, in this case, the 
language of Scotland must^ in its improvements, still have been at least a 
century behind that of England. Although this had been verified by fact, 
it would scarcely have been credible that our fathers had been indebted to 
the English for these improvements. The two nations were generally in 
a state of hostility ; and it is never during war that nations borrow mm 
each other refinements in language, unless a few military terms can be 
viewed in this light. Too few of our early writers resided long enough in 
England, to have made any material change on the language of their coun- 
try, when they returned. Besides, we have a great variety of French 
terms and idioms, that have been early introduced into our language, which 
do not seem to have been ever known in England. 

Here, also, a circumstance ought to be called into account, which 
seems to have been hitherto overlooked on this subjectk Many families are 
mentioned by our historians as having come out of France and settled in 
. Scotland, at different periods. It appears, indeed, that many families, of 
French or Norman extraction, had come into Scotland during the reign of 
Malcolm Ganmore. Sub haec etiam tempera (says Lesley) Freser, Sanchir, 
Monteth, Montgomery, Campbell, Brise, Betoun, Tailyefer, Bothuell, ingens 
denique nobilium ntrmertM, ex Gallia venit. De Beb. Scot Lib. vi. p. 201. 
It is natural to suppose that these would introduce many French terms and 
idioms ; and, as Mr. Ellis observes, the same language having been spoken 
at the court and in the country, there would be no resistance to them. 

Here, perhaps, it may be proper to take notico of another objection to 
the derivation of our language from Scandinavia.* This is its great affinity 
to the Anglo-Sa:ton. But this is of no weight. For, although it appears 
that a variety of terms were used in thf Scandinavian dialects, whicn had 
not passed into the Anglo-Saxon and other Germ, dialects, the structure of 
both were so much the same, that ancient writers «}eak of them as one 
language, in the time of Ethelred the son of Edgar. lUa aetate eadem ^t 
lingua Anglica, Norwegica et Danica ; mutatio autem facta est, occupata per 
WShelmum Nothum Anglia. Gunnlaug. Sag. p. 87. F. Peringskiold, Moni- 
ment; Upsal. p. 182. Seren. De Yet. Sueo-Go^. cum Anglis Usu, pp. 14, 15. 

Some have affected to view the celebrated Odin as a fabulous character. 
The more intelligent northern writers indeed acknowledge that he, to whom, 
great antiquity is ascribed, and who was worshipped as a god, must be 
viewed in this light. Yet they admit the existence of a later Odin, who 
led the Scandinavians towards the shores of the Baltic. While it is a pre- 
sumption in &vour of the existence of such a person, it is a further proof 
that, in an early age, the Saxons and Scandinavians were viewed as the 
same people ; that both Bede and the northern writers trace the lineage of 
Hengist and Horsa, the chiefs who conquered England, to Odin. Pering- 
skiold has given the genealogy of Hengist, as the twelfth from Odin, which 
he collected from the most ancient documents, partly printed, and partly in 
MS. Bede acknowledges the same descent^ Hist. Lib. zv,, although he 
shortens the line by several generations. 


m. — The Scandinavian origin of the Picts is illustrated by the history 
of the Orknet Islands. We have seen that, according to some ancient 
accoontSy they first took possession of these. That they were, in succeeding 
sges, inhabited by Picts, is acknowledged on all hands. 

Wallace published an authentic Diploma, concerning the succession of 
the Earls of Orkney, digested A. 1408, not only from the relation of their 
"fayth^ll antecessors and progenitors," but from books, writings, and 
chronicles, both in the Latin and in the Norwegian language ; and attested 
by the Bishop, clergy, i and all the principal people of these islands. In this 
they inform Eric, Jang of Norway, that, when the Scandinavians took pos- 
session of these islands (which was in the ninth century), they were inha- 
bited l^ two nations, the PeU and PapS; and that the country was not then 
called Orkney, but the land of the Pets ; as yet appears from the name given 
to the sea that divides Orkney from Scotland, which is called the Peilcmd 
Se<iJ** V, Wallace'^ Account, p. 129. This indeed is still called, in the 
Icelandic histories, Petland Fiord, 

There is not the least ground to doubt that the Piets are hero designed 
PetL This is the name given, by Scandinavian writers, to the Picts, Sazo 
Grammaticus, who flourished in the twelfth century, calls Scotland PeHa ; 
Lib. ix. p. 154. It has been conjectured, with great probability, that the 
Papcj or Papae^ were Irish priests ; who, speaking a different language from 
the Pets, were viewed by the Norwegian settlers as constituting a different 
nation, although acting only in a religious character. For it appears from 
Arius Erode, that some of these Papcte had fotmd their way to Iceland, 
before it was discovered by the Norwegians. 

It has been said, indeed, that **^ there is reason to believe that the Ork- 
ney islands were planted, during early ages, by the posterity of the same 
people who settled Western Europe, t. e. by Celts ; Caled. p. 261. The 
only proof offered for this idea is, '* that Druid remains and stone monu- 
ments exist ; and that celts and flint arrow-heads have been found in the 
Orkney islands; while none of these have ever been discovered in tbo 
Shetland islands." " This," it is added, " evinces that the Celtic people, 
who colonized South and North Britain, also penetrated into the Orkney, 
but not into the Shetland, islands; and this fact also shewsy that those 
several antiquities owe their origin to the Celts, who early colonized the 
Orkney islands alone, and not to the Scandinavians, who equally colonized 
both the Orkney and the Shetland islands ;" Ibid. 

Whether what is here asserted, as to " Druid remains," &c, be true, I 
do not presently inquire. Let it suffice to observe, that such is the mode of 
reasoning adopted by the learned gentleman, as plainly to shew how much 
he is here at a loss for argument. This is indeed a complete specimen of 
what is called reasoning in a circle. The existence of some monuments in 
Orkney, contrasted with the want of them in Shetland, evinces that " tlio 
first settlers in Orkney were Celts ; and also shews that these stone monu- 
ments were Celtic." 

It is admitted, that " scarcely any of the names of places in Orkney or 
Shetland, are Celtic." " They are all," it is said, " Teutonic, in the Scandi- 
navian form ;" Ibid. Now, this is a very strong fact. We may, indeed, 
lay aside the limitation. For the most competent judges have not found 
any. If the Picts who inhabited the Orkney islands were Celts, whence is 
it that not a single vestige of their language remains? To this query. 


which 80 naturally arises on the snbject, it is by no means a satisfiictorj 
answer, that^ *' owing probably to some physical canse, the original people 
seem to have disappeared, in some period of a prior date to our era." What 
conld possibly give birth to so strange a conjecture P It is the solitary testir 
mony of one writer, who lived in an age in which nothing could have been 
written that was not true, because it would not have been received had it 
been false. "During the intelligent age of Solinus, those islands were 
supposed to be uninhabited ; and to be ^ only the haunt of seals, and ores, 
and sea-mew's clang;' " Ibid. 

Are we then to view this as ih& physical cause of the disappearance of 
the original people ? Were these Celts so harassed by " seals, and ores, 
and sea-mews," that they forsook their abodes, and sought a plaee of 
repose on the continent ? Or did these troublesome animals in &ct swallow 
up the wretched inhabitants of Orkney ? 

But can this dream of Solinus be seriously mentioned P or can it be 
received in an " intelligent age P" Ere this be the case, some cause, whether 
physical or moral^ which has at least some degree of plausibility, must be 
assigned for the supposed disappearance of a people, who had been so rega- 
larly settled as to have stone monuments and buildings, and so well versed 
in the art of war ^ to be acquainted with the use of ccUs. But it is evident 
that Solinus was very ill informed concerning the Orkney islands ; as he 
says they were only thi-ee in number. And in what he asserts as to Iheir 
being uninhabited (vacant homines), he gives not the remotest hint that the 
contrary had ever been the .case, but seems indeed to consider them as un- 
inhabitable ; Lib. 25. 

Since, then, the account given by Solinus is so directly contrary to all 
probability, to what purpose grasp at it P The reason is obvious. The 
great topographical test of the genealogy of nations, is here pointed directly 
against the learned writer^ He must either part with this, or devote all the 
Celts of Orkney to destruction. It is only by some such supposition as 
that which he makes, that any reason can be given why the names of places 
in Orkney are aU Teutonic. As the stone buildings must necessarily be 
ascribed to Celts, whence comes it that there is not one topographical 
vestige of this race in Orkney, although the names imposed by the British, 
in Scotland, remained long after the people were lost P It is supposed, that 
the " original people " totally disappeared in some unaccountable manner ; 
and, of course, that their possessions were, for centuries perhaps, uninhabited. 

But that no argument may be founded on the Teutonic names in Ork- 
ney, we are informed, that '* the topography of Orkney, Shetland, and 
Cathness, is completely different from the Saxon topography of Scotland, 
which dees not exhibit one Scandinavian name that is distinct from the 
Northumbrian Dan o- Saxon ;" that " of the Scandinavian names in Orkney^ 
and in Cathness, the great body terminates, according to the Gothic con- 
struction, in ^utf/er, signifying a dwelling-place; in Ster^ denoting a station 
or settlement ; and in Seter^ a seat, or settling-place. But there is not a 
single instance of the Buster^ the Ster, or 8eter^ in the topography of proper 
Scotland." Caled. p. 489. 

Three terms are here mentioned, which do not occur, as far as I know, 
to the South of Caithness. They are most probably Norwegian ; although, 
perhaps, it may be doubted if they are to be accounted among the most 
ancient Scandinavian terms. O. Andreae is referred to; but I can find none 


"of fhese terms in his Lexicon. Nor does it appear that they are common in 
Orimej. Brand mentions ISiehisier in Shetland, p. 110. Bat a variety of 
other terminations, common to Orkney and Shetland, and to Scotland, are 
quite overlooked by the author of Caledonia ,- as PoZe, Ness^ Wick, Head, 
Ton, Bye, so common in the South of S., and Burgh. V. Brand, and Stat. 
Aoc Bmo, which is undeniably Scandinavian, is the name given in Orkn. 
to the principfld house on a farm, or on an estate^ That this was not un- 
known in Scotland, appears from what is^ said in Diet. vo. Boo. 

IV. — ^A pretty certain test of the affinities of nations is their ABCHrrsc- 
TUSE. A variety of circular buildings in Scotland, and in the Orkney 
iBlands, are traditionally ascribed to* the Picts. They are found in different 
parts of the covntry, and are of two kinds. One of these is above ground, 
the other almost entirely under it The first includes their circular spires 
and castles ; as the spires of Abemethy and Brechin, and the castles of 
Oienbeg in Inverness-shire. V. Gordon s Itin. p. 166. Their subterranean 
buildings, or those which are nearly so, externally exhibiting the appear- 
ance of a tumulus or mound, are still more numerous. Many of these are 
described by Pennant in has Tour,, and by the writers of the Statistical 

These are almost universally ascribed to the Picts, whether appearing 
in 1^ Lowlands, in the Highlands, or in the Islands of Orkney. Li some * 
inBtances, however, they are called Danish or Norwegian. Even this vari- 
ation,, la the voiee of tradition, may perhaps be viewed as a proof of the 
general eonviction which, from time immemorial, has prevailed in this 
country, that the Picts were originally a Scandinavian people. 

They are by far most numerous in those places where we are certain 
that the Scandinavians had a permanent abode ; as in Sutherland and Caith- 
ness, OB the coast ot Boss-shire, on the mainland, and in the Orkney and 
Shetland islands* In Sutherland, there are three in the P. of Ealdonan, 
Statist. Ace. iii. p. 410 ; six in the P. of Far, Ibid. p. 543 ; almost every- 
where in the P, of Bogart,. Ibid p. 567. There is a chain of Pictish build- 
ings on each side of Loch Brura, P. of Clyne ; Ibid. x. 804. In Caithness, 
P. of Olrick, there are six or seven. Ibid. xii. 163 ; a number in Wiek, and 
^ throughout the country in general/' Ibid. x. 32 ; in Dunnet, &c. 

The namee- of these buildings claim peculiar attention. It would 
appear that they are all Gpothic. In the Orkneys they are called BvfrgJu or 
Brughe^ This word cannot reasonably be claimed as Celtic. Nor ie it 
confined to the islands. It is g^ven to one of these structures in Caithness, 
called the Bourg of Dunbeth. Pennantls Tour, 1769, p. 195. Tuere is an 
evident affinity between this name, and that imposed on a fortification, in 
Angus, which tradition calls a Pictish camp. V. Diet, vo, Bruoh. As 
the Buriane in the South of S. are generally viewed as Pictish, although 
the term may be rendered htirying-places, it is not improbable that some of 
them were erections of the same kind with the Burghs. V, Diet vo. 

They are denominated Ficis^ houses. Now, as the Picts certainly had 
names (or their fortresses in their own language ; had this been Celtic, it is 
most natural to think that, in some instances, these names would have been 
preserved, as well as the Celtic designations of rivers, mountains, &c. 
ascribed to this people* 


They are also called I}uns, This term is mentioned as equivalent to 
the other two. " There is a range of watch-houses, — and manj remains of 
burghs, dvnSf or Picts* houses." P. Northmayen, Orkney, Statist. Ace. 
xiL 365. Another name is also given to them by the vulgar. F. Diot. vo. 
HowiB, Castlehowie. 

Even in those places where Craelic is now spoken, they seem to have a 
Gothic designation. The valley in which Castle Troddan, Chalamine, &c. 
have been erected, is called Glen-heg, The final syllable does not seem 
Gktelic. It is probably corrapted from Goth, bygg^a to build, bygd, pagns ; 
q. the glen of the btiUdings or houMea. The Pictish castle, in the P. of Loth, 
Sutherland, is in like manner called Lothbeg, q. the budding^ situated on 
the river Loth, The sig^nification little cannot well apply here. For what 
sense oould be made of the Utile Loth? They are indeed in one place 
called TIags, " In Qlenloch," says Mr. Pope, "are three [Pictish buildings,] 
— called by the country people Uags,** Pennant's Tour, 1769, Append, p. 
338. This may be from Gael, ualg/t^ " a den, grave, cave ;'' Shaw. In the 
P. of Liff, they have the synonymous designation of Weems or caves. But 
these are obviously names imposed by the ignorant people ; because they 
knew neither the use, nor the origin, of these buildings. 

I am informed, that in Inverness-shire, the foundations of varions 
housea have been discovered, of a round form, with spots of cultivated 
ground surrounding them ; and that when the Highlanders are asked to 
whom they belonged, they say that they were the houses of the Drinmch or 
Trinndchf i. e. of the labuurera^ a name which they give to the Picts. By 
the way, it may be observed, ih&t this implies, that, according to the tradi- 
tion of the country, the Picts were cultivators of the soil, while the Celts 
led a wandering life. This seems to confirm the sense given of the name 
CruUhneach, imposed by the Irish on the Picts, q. eaters of wheat. 

It has always appeared to me a powerful proof of the GU)thic origin of 
the Picts, that they had left their names to structures apparently unknown 
to the Celtic inhabitants of Britain. But, of late, this argument has been 
pointed the other way. Mr. King, a writer of considerable celebrity, con- 
tends that all these are Celtic monuments. The proof he gives, is the 
existence of some buildings of a similar kind in Cornwall and South Wale& 

It appears, however, that the remains of what are accounted similar 
buildings, in South Britain, are very scanty. "There are still some 
veatigeB^** he says, " to ascertain the fact. For in the parish of Morvak in 
Cornwall, are the remains of a most remarkable structure, called GagUe 
Chun, that, as it appears to me, cannot well be considered in any other 
light, than as one of the first sort of very rude imitations of the mode of 
building round castles, according to hints given by the Phenicians, and be- 
fore the Britons learned the use of cement. It bears no small resemblance 
to the DuiiSy near Orianan Hill in Scotland, and in the Isle of Ilay. 

" It consisted of a strong wall of stones without cement, surrounding 
a large Oval area, and having the interior space evidently divided into several 
separate divisions, ranging round the inside, leaving an open oval space in 
the centre. It was even much larger than the two great Duns just referred 
to in Scotland ; the area being 125 feet by 110 ; and it was moreover bot- 
rounded on the outside by a large deep ditch, over which waa a zigsag 
narrow passage, on a bank of earth, with a strong rude unoemented wall on 
each side. 


" From the largeness of the area within, it seems exceedingly probable, 
that (whilst the surrounding walled divisions served for stores) the more 
interior oval space was for habitation, like that in a Dun, supplied with 
floors of timber, supported by posts near the middle, but yet leaving still a 
smaller open area in the centre of all. 

•* Dr. Borlase conceived that this, with some other hiU fortresses, which 
are continued in a chain in sight of each other, must have been Danish.*' 
Mnnim. Antiq. iii..204, 205. 

But this fort, from the description given of it, appears to differ con- 
siderably from those called Fioiish. It more nearly resembles the hilUfbrts^ 
such as Ftnha/uen, and that called The Laws, in the P. of Monifieth, both in 
Forfarshire. Almost the only di£ference is, that, from whatever cause, they re- 
tain indubitable marks of vitrification. In the latter, the vestiges of a variety 
of small buildings, between the inner and outer wall, are perfectly distinct. 

It is no inconsiderable argument against Mr. King's hypothesis, that 
Dr. Borlase, who was thoroughly acquainted with the Welsh Antiquities, 
saw no reason to think that these buildings were British. 

Besides, it would be natural to conclude that, if the Picts were origin- 
ally what are now called Welsh, and had learned this mode of builcQng 
from their ancestors .in South Britain, such remains would be far more 
generally diffused in that part of the island. It is evident^ indeed, that 
these structures were unknown to the Britons in the time of Julius Caesar. 
In the description of their civitates, there is not a hint of any thing that 
has the least resemblance. Nor are they mentioned by succeeding Roman 

The learned writer, probably aware of this important objection, brings 
forward a very strange hypothesis, apparentiy with a design of setting it 
aside. He thinks that the Picts, who penetrated as far as London, while 
Tbeodosius was in Britain, saw the British fortresses, and on their return 
imitated them. Mnnim. Antiq. iii. 167. But this theory is loaded with 
difficulties. Although it were certain that the Picts had penetrated as far 
as London, there is no evidence that they ever were in Cornwall or South 
Wales. Besides, although they had seen such buildings, the South Britons 
long before this time having been completely brought into a provincial 
state by the Romans, they must necessarily have become acquainted with a 
style of architecture far superior to that of the subterranean description. 
Wo certainly know that it was because they were enervated by luxury that 
they became so easy a prey to the Picts and Scots. Now, if the Picts* were 
so prone to imitate their enemies, a rare thing, especially among savage 
nations, would they not have preferred that superior mode of architecture 
which they must have observed wherever they went ? Did they need to 
go to London to learn the art of building dry stone walls, when, for more 
than two centuries before this, so many Roman casteUa had been erected 
on their own frontiers ? 

If it should be supposed, as this theory' is evidentiy untenable, that 
the ancient Celts brought this mode of building into ScoUand with them, 
whence is it that the Irish Celts of this country universally ascribe these 
forts to a race of people different from themselves P As they were un- 
doubtedly of the same stock with the Welsh, and seem, in common with 
them, to have had their first settiement in South Britain, how did the Irish 
Celts completely lose this simple ki:id of architecture P Did they retain 


the AberSy and the Dtuu, Ac., the names of rivers and mountains, which 
had been imposed by the Picts, becanse their langoage was radically the 
same, and yet perceive no vestiges of national affinity whatsoever, in the 
very mode of defending themselves from their enemies, from wild beasts, or 
from the rage of the elements ? He who can suppose that the Celts of 
Scotland would thus renounce all claim to the architecture of their aoces* 
tors, ascribes to- them a degree of modesty,, in this instance, unexampled in 
any other. 

Mr. Kixig admits that one example of this mode of building has been 
described as existing near Drontheim in Norway. It may be observed that 
the name is the same as in Orkney. It is called &usXsburgh. He reasons 
as if this were the only <Mie known in the N(x*th of Europe ^ and makes a 
very odd supposition, although consistent with the former, that the Danes 
imitated this mode of building in consequence of their incursions into 
Scotland* F. Mnnim* iii. 107, 108. But another has been described by 
Dalberg, in his Suecia, called the castle of Ymsburgy which is situated in 
Westrogothia. F. Barry's Orkn. p. 97. It is probable that there are. 
many others in these northern regions,, unknown to us, either because they 
have not been particularly described, or because we are not sufficiently 
versant in Northern topography. What are called Danish forts, in ihe 
Western Islands, bear a strong resemblance to these Pictiah buildings. 
F. Statist. Ace. (P. Barvas^ Lewis), xix. 270, 27L 

It is weU known that there are round towers in Ireland^ resembling 
those at Brechin and Abemethy, and that some intelligent writers ascribe 
them to the Danes, although Sir James Ware claims the honour of them to 
his own countrymen ; Antiq. I. 129. The Danes-Eatha, as another kind of 
building is denominated in Ireland, are evidently the same with the Picts' 
houses. Their description exactly corresponds; Ibid. I. 137, 188. These 
Ware acknowledges to be Danish ; although his editor Harris differs from 
him, because Rath is an Irish word. Dr. Ledwich, who contends for the 
Danish origin of these forts, expresses his '*' wonder at Mr. Harris, who 
inconsiderately argues fbr the Celtic origin of these forts, and that solely 
from their Irish appellation, Bath, which, though it figuratively imports a 
fortress, primarily signified securily." He adds — "In my opinion it is 
doubtful whether Bath is not a Teutonic word ; for we find in Germany, 
Junkerra^, ImmerraA^, jBa^^vorwald, &c., applied to artificial mounts and 
places of defence, as in Ireland." Antiq. of Ireland, p. 185. Perhaps his 
idea is confirmed by the use of A. S. vrra^th. Although it primarily signi- 
fies a wreath, or any thing plaited, it has been transferred to a fortification ; 
sustentaculum, munimen. Bwrh wrathwa loerian; Urbem munimine de- 
fendere ^ Caed. p. 43, 21. Lye. Most probably it was first applied to those 
simple enclosures, made for defence by means of wattles or wicker- work. 

It may be added that to this d&j the houses of the Icelanders, the 
most unmingled colony of the Goths, retain a striking resemblance to the 
Pictish buildings. They are in a great measure under ground, so as 
externally to assume somewhat of the appearance of hUlocks or tumulu 

The author of CaJedonia frequently refers to '* the erudite Edward 
King," praising him as " a profound antiquary." " After investigating," he 
says, " the stone monuments, the ancient castles, and the barbarous manners 
of North Britain, he gives it as his judgment, ' that the Picts were descended 
from the aboriginal Britons ; ' " Galed. p. 283. 


Bat the learned gentleman has not mentioned that one of the f^ands 
on which Mr. King rests his judgment is, that *' the Pictish bnildings, or 
those so called, resemble the British remains in Cornwall and Sonth Wales." 
It IB singalar that, while both lay down the same general principle, as a 
powerfal argument in proof of the Celtic origin of the Picts, the one shoold 
attempt to. prove that these stmctures are Celtic, and the other strennonsly 
contend that they are Scandinavian,, and that the Ficts had no hand in 
their erection. 

The chief reason assigned for the latter hypothesis is, that " those 
Burgs, or strengths, only exist in the conntries where the Scandinavian 
people erected settlements," being " only seen in the Orkney and Shetland 
islands, in Cathness, on the eoast of Satherland, and in the Hebrides, with 
a few on the west coasts of Boss and Inverness ; " Caled. p. 342. 

Bnt in a work of soch extent, and comprising so many different ob- 
jects, it is not surprising that the varioas parts should not be always 
consonant to each other. The auihor has, in one place, referred to the 
subterraneous buildings in the parish, of Liff, as ef the same kind with 
those existing in Orkney ; to a work of the same kind in Aly th parish ; to 
several subterraneous works in the parish of Bendothy, expressly called 
PicHeh building$f Statist. Ace. xix. 859 ; to a considerable number of these 
in the parish of Kildmmmy, Aberd. '^ Similar buildings," he adds, " have 
been discovered in several parts of Kirkcudbright Stewartry ; "* Caled. 
p. 97, N. None of these places are within the limits assigned for the 
Scandinavian settlements* 

Several others might have been mentioned. Some, in the neighbour- 
hood of Perth, have been described. V. Pennant's Tour, III, Apend.p. 453. 
In the parish of Stonykirk, Wigton, are some remains of Druid temples and 
Pictifih castles } Sta^st. Ace, ii. 56. Edwin's haU, parish of Dunse, Ber- 
wicks., corresponds to the account given of the Castles in Glenbeg. ^ It is 
supposed to have been a Pictish building;"" Ibid. iv. 389, 390» ^The 
EoundahouU in the parish of Castletown, Hoxburghs., are commonly called 
Picta Works ;" Ibid, xvi, 64. It appears, then, with what propriety it is 
said, that " the recent appellation of Pictish castles, or Picts houses, has 
only been gives to those in Orkney and Shetland in Caithness, and in 
Sutherland." Caled. p. 343, 

Mr. Chalmers has given such an account of the remains of one of these 
forts in the parish of Castletown, as plainly to shew that it corresponds to- 
those which he elsewhere calls Scandinavian, ** There are two of those 
forts near Herdshouse, two on the farm of Shaws, one on Toflholm, one on 
Foulshiels, one on Cocklaw, one on Blackburn, and one on Shortbuttrees* 
When the ruins of this fort were lately removed, there was found, on the 
south side of it, a place which was ten feet wide, and twenty feet long, and 
was paved with flat stones, and enclosed by the same sort of stones, that 
were set on edge ; and there was discovered, within this enclosure, what 
seems to intimate its culinary use, ashes and burnt sticks." Caled, p. 94.* 

It is also urged that *' not one of these strengths bears any appellation 
from the PicUshy or Britith language ;" and that they ^ have no similarity 
to any of the strengths of the genuine Picts, or British tribes in North- 
Britain ;" Ibid. pp. 343, 344. But as all the force of these arguments lies 
in what logicians call B,petitio princvpity no particular reply is requisite. 

It is said that many of these edifices, " in the Orkney and Shetland 


inlands, and in Catbness, have been erroneously called Pictdsb castles, 
Pictish towers, and Picts houses, from a fabuloos story that attributes to 
Kenneth Macalpin the impolicy of driving many of the Picts into the 
northern extremity of our island; whence they fled to the Orkney and 
Shetland isles." But it' has been seen that these designations are not con* 
fined to the districts mentioned. Besides, to suppose such a mode of 
denomination, is entirely opposite to the analogy of tradition ; for it is 
almost universally found that the works of an early age, instead of being 
given to the more ancient people, to whom they really belong, are ascribed 
to those of a later age, who have made some considerable figfure in the 
country. Thus, in many places in Scotland, camps, undoubtedly Roman, 
are vulgarly attributed to Danes. Nor is it at all a natural supposition, 
that, in those vexy places said to have been occupied by Scandinavian 
settlers, their descendants should be so extremely modest as to give away 
the merit of these structures, which they continue to view with wonder and 
veneration from their own ancestors to an earlier race, with whom they are 
supposed to have been in a state of constant hostility, and whom they either 
expelled or subdued. 

The idea that these designations originated from *' the fabulous atory" 
of the Plots being driven to the northern extremity of our island, has no 
better foundation than what has been already considered. The general 
opinion was entirely different from this. For it was '* asserted by ignorance, 
and beliived by credulity^ that Kenneth made so bad an use of the power 
which he had so adroitly acquired, as to destroy the whole Pictish people in 
the wantonness of his cruelty ;" Caled. p. 883. 

I shall only add, that it is not .easy to avert the force of Mr. Elng's 
argument against these being viewed as Danish works. They are to be 
seen in parts of the country into which the Danes never penetrated, fie 
refers to that, called Black Castle^ in the parish of Moulin, in that division 
of Perthshire called AihoU; Munim. III. 199. In the Statist. Ace. it is 
said — *^ The vestiges of small circular buildings, supposed to have been 
Pictish forts, are to be seen in different pai-ts of the parish ;" P. Moulin, v. 
70. Mr. King, after Pennant, also mentions one on the hill of Drumming 
opposite to Taymouth ; another, within view of that, above the church of 
Fortingall ; a third opposite to Alt-mhuie, in the neighbourhood of K'illiTi ; 
a fourth, under the house of Cashly ; a fifth, about half a mile west, Ac,; V, 
Pennant's Tour, 1772, pp. 60-63. " Most of these," says Mr. King, " lie in 
Glen Lion ; and they shew how numerous these kind of structures were, in 
what was once the Fids country." 

It has also been asserted that " the same Celtic people, who colonized 
South and North Britain, penetrated into Orkney, hut not info the Shet" 
land islands^ The reason for this assertion is, " that no stone monuments " 
nor *' flint arrow-heads " have *' ever been discovered in the Shetland 
itilands ;" Caled. p. 261, N. 

But obelisks, or standing stones, are found even in the Shetland islands, 
into which the Celts never penetrated. Contiguous to one of the Burghs 
in Walls, '^ there is a range of large stones that runs across the neck of 
land, and may have been intended to enclose the spot, as a place of burial, 
which the building does not ONCcupy ; " Statist. Ace. xx. 118. In Bressay, 
<!bc. are " several perpendicular stones, about 9 feet high, erected, no doubt, 
for the purpose of commemorating some great events but of which we have 


no account ; " Ibid. z. 202. Li Unst, " two ancient obelisks remain, one 
near Land, a thick and shapeless rock ; the other, near Uy a Sonnd, seems 
to have been a mark for dii^cting into that harbonr, and is ten and a half 
feet high; " Ibid, y« 201. Whether flint arrow-heads have ever been dis- 
covered in Shetland, I cannot well saj ; but I have seen knives, made of a 
kiud of agate, which were found in one of the Burghs ; and am certainly 
informed that stone hatchets are frequently met with of the same kind with 
those found in Cairns in Scotland. 

Y. — The absurd idea q£ the extermination of the Plots by the Scots, as 
well as that of their expulsion, is so generally exploded that it is unneces- 
sary to say any thing on the subject. It is incredible that a people who 
seem to have been far less powerful than the Plots, should have been able 
either to exterminate or to expel them. Could we suppose either of these 
events to have taken place, what must have been the unavoidable conse- 
quence ? Either that the extensive country called Pictland must have 
l^emained in a g^at measure desolate, or that the country of the Scots 
must have been deserted. For it cannot reasonably be supposed that the 
Scots, all at once, especially after a succession of bloody wars with the 
Picts, should so increase in numbers as to be able to people, and still less 
to defend, the whole of Scotland and its adjacent islands. 

The only reasonable position therefore is, that the Picts in general 
remained in their former seats. Now, if it appear that the people presently 
inhabiting these districts retain the Names which belonged to the Picts, it 
is a strong proof that they are the lineal descendants of this people. It' it 
furtiaer appear, not only that these names are not Celtic, but that they are 
the same, or nearly so, with those of the Scandinavians, as they are trans- 
mitted to us in their most ancient monuments, it must amount to a proof 
that the Picts had a Gothic origin. 

Besiding in the county of Angus, which all allow to have been a part 
of the Piotish dominions, I had many years ago employed this as a test of 
the origin of the people. I was induced to make this trial, from the 
circumstance of finding many words commonly used there, which I 
had not found any where else, and which, upon examination, appeared to 
be the same with those that are still used in Iceland and other Gothic 

The multitude of monosyllabic names must strike every one who 
passes through that part of our country. Now, it is well known that this 
Ibrms a distinguishing character in the nomenclature of Scandinavia; 
that the names, universally admitted to be most ancient, generally consist 
of one syllable. 

Upon comparing many of the names in Angus, whether of one or more 
syllabtes, with those in the Monwnenta Danica of Wormius, in Frode's 
Scheda, and especially in that singular work, the Landnamabok, which gives 
an account of the different families that settled in Iceland about the middle 
of the ninth century, it appeared that many of them must have been origi- 
nally the same. 

They are such as do not occur, as far as I have observed, in any 
memorials of the Anglo-Saxons. Although a greater analogy were observ- 
able here, it could be only set down to the account of the common origin 
of the various Gothic tribes. For the names, in Angus, could not reason- 



ably be ascribed to Saxon settlers, nnless it were supposed that the catmHry 
had in great part received its population from England. They cannot be 
accounted for, on the idea of anj Scandinavian settlement in the middle 
ages ; for it is universall j admitted that no such settlement extended farther 
southward than Boss-shire. 

A writer of great research,, to whom we have had occasion frequently 
to refer, has indeed lately attempted to show that all the names of the 
Pictish kings are British. " The names of the Pietish kings," he says, 
**' have not any meaning in the Teutonic ; and they are, therefore^ Celtic." 
They are not ^' Irish, and consequently are British ; " Caled. p* 207. Here 
I must make the same observation as before with respect to the topography. 
I cannot pretend to give the true meaning of these names, as there^ is no 
branch of etymology so uncertain aa this. But if I can give a WMining^ 
and one which is at least as probable as the other, it must appear that the 
Teutonic, as far as names can go, has as good a claim to the rojral line of 
the Picts as the British. These names vary considerably in the different 
chronicles. Where any name is given according to a different reading 
from that adopted in Caled. p. 206, it is printed in Italics* Where there 
is a blank in the middle column , no British etymon has been given in that 

PionsB Naxbs. 

1. Drubt, 

Son of Sip ; 

2. TUorc, 

Son of Anlel ; 
S. Kecton Uorbet ; 

Bkitibb Smion, Calt4^ 
friott, dlD. 

talarWf hanh-fronted ; 
talorgatit splendid fronted. 
anail, openneu. 

Kwytikoa^ a pen«B fall of en :Tgj, 

4. DrestjGvrthinmoch; F. Dnat. 
6. GnUnau Btelieh ;. 

•. Dmdrekt;^ 

focb-wit, bcginolng ef tmnnlL 

T. Drent, 

Bon of Glrom 

8. Gartnaeh, or 

9. Gkaltnim ; 

10. Talorg, son of 

Malrchoilalch, oc 

(twii, conTejIng the idea of 

fvckfiwyci, of an ardent tem- 
per ; gvrcknatdt an ardent 
leap ; gvnrtknaid, an opfosiag 

fa Urainf one that prowls abonk 

TiDTomo Ermoirs. 
So. G. froeit, drittig. Gem. drewf; Alem. gi-drott, 

Id. eip-r, speelet golonlB ; as/, an arrow ; arjt, 

an heir. 
Isl. (o/o, nmnber or tale, and or^, Jorgtam, or 

crkan, vires, strength. 
Sn. G. aenne, front, «, IsL. d, id, a storm, q. 

Isl. necfe-c^ ioeunrare, tanne, dens, q. orooked 

tooth ; or necfc-to, homiilaie, ton, yoz. q. low- 

So. G. moer, flsmons, htt-^ vibrase, q. famoui <i» 

brandiiking the sword. 
Germ, ourt-en, to gird, mogt, powerful, q. wltb 

the strong girdle ; Pink. Eaq. ii. 298. 
Isl. ffoiarn, lahidus, fariosus; Su. G. galmt^ 

In. G. aettUufffff prosapla, or its cognate oedef^ 

noble, and 10:, like. Gem. addidi, noble, q.. 

aeUalid^ from atUt, Csther, and Itdk, Uke, 

Isl. daa, a very ancient €toth. particle, signifying,. 

in composition, skilful, excelleot, worthj, likw 

Gr. sv ; and €krm. dretW, daring, Alem. cZroes, 

a strong or brnve man, rir potens, fortis. F. 

Drust, No. 1. 
So. G. omffoer-a^ perdere (inrerted), q. the de> 

stroyer ; or geir, milltaiy instruments, and em, 

round about, q. surrounded with armour. 
So. G. gard, Alem. garUj a guard, and Su. G. 

naU, night, or luv. enough, or naegd^ neighbour- 
hood ; q. a night«giiard, a sufficient guard, or 

one at hand. 
Su. G. gadU, lonus, ram, robustns, q. loud- 

r. Talore, No. 2. 
8a. G. murk^ dark, and laega, snare ; q. Insidious ; 

or moerd-o, to kill, to murder, and latga^ q. 

preparing mnrderoui snares. 



PlOIISH Naius. 
U. Drvit, 

Boo of Hanalk, 

12. Oalam, or 

Oolaii, with 

la^ Bridei, 

perhaps rather 
Bmde, Brvdi ; 
Brudt-usi Adom- 
iiOD,Yit Colnmb. 
1. ii. e. 17. Bed. 
1. ill. e. 4. 

BunsH Bmon, Coled. 


MmOemmf Mtuiwum, a eomnoo 
name, iaplTtng Ihe origin of 

14. Galrtnoeb, aon of 
Itomeleh,— or 
Jkmmkk ; 

U. Neeto, 

the nephev of 

more oommonlj 
16. Ciaeoch, or Cinio^'— CViMooh, ey^og, % fforward per* 
ton of son. 


17. tSanard, eon of 


CT Fades 

IS. Bridei, the aon eC 

10. Talora ; *> 
20. Taloifan, $ 

•onof Bnfjret; 

gwmarth, maacolina i trength ; 

21. Gartnait, son dl 

dyvntpot, of the weaned coach. 

22. Dreet 

2S. Bridei, Bredei, eon of 

BIM] or BiUtBilVt Belit a common name, bdli- 

lonea, pp.lll,112 ootitt, warlike. 
21. TaiBo, Tkaran ; taran, thunder. 

TBOTono BrmoBa. 
r. DniBt, No. 1. 
IsL rnitn, mouth, and oeC^i, to eat, q. Toiacioaf 

mouth. Many Germ, names are compoonded 

with mundt id. 
A. S. motif homo, and eath, etA, fkcilis ; q. a man 

of an eaqr temper. 
Isl. gaUf fel, and amtt noxa, odium ; q. haTing 

hatred like gall. Or, gall, Tltium, and on, sine, 

q. without defect. 
IsL ot-o, saginare, and ej/ftj exurlae ; q. (kttened 

with spoil. Or V. Elpint Mo. 27. 
IsL briddi, eminebat, Yerel. ; trdd-af to extend, 

and Su. G. e, law, q. one who extends the law, 

who publishes it. 
8a. Q. brud, a bride, and «, lawful, q. bom of wed- 
lock, as opposed to bastardy. Or brodd, sagltta, 

and <y, insula, q. the arrow of the island. 

Isl. me^t paella, loefcim, sednetio, q. the seducor 
of virgins ; or, tuuU, speech, and kunn-a, tc 
know, q. eloquent. 

Su. G. moelo, tribute, 8. mail, and Xromm-a, to 
oome, q. one employed for lifting the royal taxes. 

r. No. 8. 

A. 8. dom. Judgment, and elo, erery one, q. ap* 
pointed as a Judge in the kingdom. Or, fiom 
fuuA, Ticinus ; q. a Judge who is nigh. 

Apparently corr. of iVecton, No. 8. 

Germ, werfr-cn, ire, q. the walker; or learb-en, 
ambire, whence werthen, a procurer. 

Isl. «erp, verp^ Jacere, q. one who throws, casts, 
or slings. 

8u. G. Mn, kind, and oek-a^ to increase, q. having 
a numerous ofTspring. V. No. 83. 

Germ, lout, Alem. hu, sonorus, and rinn, torrens, 
q. haviDg the sound of a torrent. Or lutf Cele- 
bris, and rifM-eHf to walk, q. like Ganga Bol^ 
fkmotts for walking. Lut occurs in this sense, 
in a great many Alem. and Teut names. V. 
Wachter, Kilian, Ac. Or Alem. lut, aod hrein, 
purus, castus, q. the chaste. 

So. G. rlaem, cupidus, and ai% Belg. aardtt na- 
tura, indoles ; q. of an eager, or perhaps, of a 
covetous disposition. 

Isl. veid<if 8w. ved-ii, td hunt, q. the hunter. Or 
the same name with that of Odioo, Ftd-wr, G. 
Andr. i. «. furious. 8w. vaed^ a pledge. 

Su. G. foed-a, alere, q. one who feeds otherS) the 

r. Noa. 18 and 17. 

F. No. 2. 

Isl. an, Alem. en, negative particle, and /Hd, 
peace, q. without peace. Perhaps the same 
with An^fHd, glorioaa pax ; Wacbter, vo. Frid, 
Or from Su. O. fn, intensiTs (Y. £na, Ihre), 
and /nui-Of to eat, q. to destroy. 

r. No. 14. 

Su. G. don, din, noise, and ^soZ, slaoghter. Or 
do/n, stupid, and vKdd, power, q. under the 
power of stupor. 

V. "DroMi, No. 1. 

F. No. 13. 

Su. G. haUff, equal ; Isl. hyla, an axe, 5i^r, a 

Isl. torunnin, expngnatu diffidlls; thor-an, au- 
daeia, boldness. 



PionsB Namb. 
25. Bridel, son of 

BtmsH XTTxoia, doled. 

26. Nechtoii,ionofDcr«U; 

27. Upin; e<^ Hm niu as Eng. eZ/. 

28. Ungofl, Umimit mq 

Urguia, or 
Vergust ; 

gordiatt great acfalerement ; or 
gwffr, ia oompositiaa «yr, a 

29. Brldef,BonofUig«ls. 
80. Olnlod, nn of 



SI. Elpin, ion of Bzidel^ 
32. lirest, son of 


83. Talorgan, ton of 


84. Canaal, son of 


86. Costaptlai CwuMn; 

86. Ungnsi BQnofUigtda. 
37. Drett, and Taiorgan, 
•on of Wthod ; 

88. Uoen, Uren ; 

89. Wrcd, Fertdtckf 
•on of 

40. Bred; 

Ovoriadt a eonuaoii name. 

eynioyi, ooDspicoons ; 

torlUy oath-breaking ; or twrlla, 

a name appearing among the re- 

guli of fitralhcluyd ; 

Witkoil, came as the oommon 
name Ji&ei, ilgnlfytng knit- 

the well-known name of Owain^ 
signifying, apt to serve. 

like TTredMft, No. SO ; 

BarffoUi or Bargodf a name men- 
tioned in the Welsh Triads. 

bridf brad, trcacbarj; bradog, 

Tatrrosio Bttmoss. 

r. No. 18. 

Bo. G. daere, fatuns, or Id. dyr^ cams, and site, 
pellez ; q. inCatnated| or beloved, by a concu- 

F. Nos. 8 and 26. 

This equally applies to A. 8. Su. Q. ae^f, Alem. 
alpf nanus, daemon. Alf, a Beandinaviaa 
proper name. Worm. Honum. p. 194 ; also 
AlfwiHf Gunnlaog. 8. p. 92. Su. Q. win, 
amicus, q. a fHend of the fairiesw A. 8. wyn 
signifies Jov. 

8n. G. %mg, young, and wig, denoting naaner or 
quality, as reht-wii, right-eow. Or «mf»-a. 
cupere, and est, amor, q. desirous of love. 

Alem. Mr, beginning, gu», guue, Oem. imsti 
Teut. ffwyse, a river. Or 8u. Q. wtrg, a robber, 
and wit ; Wargui, an exile, Salic Law. lloes. 
G. watr, A. 8. wa^, Su. G. «oaer, Isl. wr, a 
man ; and guU-Tf veatos rtgidus ; q. the man 
of stoim. 

F. Nos. 18 and 28. 

8u. G. iiryn, a family, and td, possession, q. of a 
wealthy or noble race. 

8n. G. wred, enrsged, with the oommon termina- 
tion ig. Or toorr, Isl. rer, vir, and dttg-r^ 
mollis, q. a soft or inaetlve oma. 

F. Nos. 27 and 18. 

F. Nos. land 2. 

F. Nos. 2 and 28. 

Isl. hiaen, seitus, and «sal, slaughter, q. skilful 
indestiuction; or 8u. G. fcann, possum, and 
Isl. ouZ, ale, powerful In drinking. 

8u. G. Tor, the god Thcr, and loup, law. TkoT' 
laug, a oommon Isl. name. 

Apparently borrowed from the Bonans. 

F. No. 28. 

v. Nos. 1 and S. 

Isl. «, negative, and ttole, toleio, q. impattant. 

Isl. «, Su. G. 0, negative, and Isl. vosn, 8u. G. 

warn, beautiful, q. not handsome. Ovatn, 

an adversaiy. 
Eu. G. wred, A. 8. toroefJk, Iratus ; Belg. wreed^ 

austerus. Or F. No. 80. 
Germ, ftor, bare, naked, and got, good ; or Su. G. 

bergoed, one who defends his possessioni^ from 

berg-a, bicarg-a, to defend, and od, oed, property. 
8n. G. braade, rash, sudden, quick ; brands, rsge ; 

or bred, latus, broad, a term oommmi to all the 

Northern tongues. 

The preceding list includes those names only of Pictish kings which are 
reckoned well warranted by history. There is a previous list, also contained 
in the Chronicon Pictoram, which has not the same authority. But al- 
though there may not be sufficient evidence that such kings existed, the 
list is so far valuable, as it transmits to us what were accounted genuine 
Pictish names. Here I shall therefore give the whole list of kings, with 
similar names from the Landnamabok, that Icelandic record which refers to 
the middle of the ninth century ; adding such names as still remain in 
Angus, or in other countieB, which resemble them, or seem to have been 



originally the same. A^ added to the word, denotes Angus. Where the 
name given in the middle colnmn is from any other authority than the 
Landnamaboky it is marked. 

PiorisH Nmn. 

Jbl. Lamsvimib. SoomsB Namu. 

1. Cmidike, 

. Omden, A. 

2. Oiwoi, pnm. Kiikvl, . 

Kirk, A. 

8. ftdaioh. 


4. Vortreim. 

d. Flodaid, . • . 

* . • • FlockarL 

0. Get, .... 

Gaot-r, Gotl. 

7. Ke, . 

• * . K»7,A. 

S. Vlmid. 

9. 0«deol— GndMh, 

KadaU,. . . . CadeU, A. 

10. Denbecan. 

11. Olfinceta, 

Affleck, A. 

12. Goidid, 

Godl. r. Pink, Xnq. n. 283, . Goodie. 

13. G«tgiirtloh, . 


14. WaigeBt, 


14. Brodl, 

Broddl, Brodd-r ; Brotho, Womk. Moo. p. Brodie, A. 

16. Oed«,OTGagldI, 

G7da,G7dia, .... Qeddl,8.fiL 

U. Thacttn, 

name, Ihre, to. Tor. 

18. Morlea. 

19. BMkU, 


20. Klmoiod, MntTATOOlB, 

Sliik-r, genit Eirikit, 

21. Deeoord, 

• . Dnrie. 

22. BUkl BUtirth, 

28. Dfctoterio, . 

• . Dogherty, 8. B. 

or Deotheth, . • 

Biigald ; also Dalgltf, Ih- 

brother of DIo, 

Dow, A. IfiUie, A. 

24. Vnonbnst, or GombOBt^ 


25. CarroTBt 

28. Deoar TtiTolii, 

Sarri, p. 874. Blri, p. 149. . Dewar ; Daer, alio Deer, A. 

27. Uist. 

28. Roe, .... 

Boe, 7th Klxig of Denaiark. . Bue, A. 

29. GftTiiAiti or GMmaiid, 


30. Tore. 


81. Breth, 

Breid-r, Biatt-r. 

82. TIpoigDAinet 

a eommon Dan. nam*, V. Pink, at sup. 

p. 288. 

84. Wiadeeh Teehia, or Veehta ; ezpl. the . 
«A«te, as in one Ohron. it ie ren- 
dered AlbUM. 

35. Garaat dl uber, Gamitt^TCs, in an- Zipl. tkt rkh^ from Goth. Genn. di the, 


other Chron. 
36. Talore, Talore. 
87. DruBt, ion of Erp^ . . 

38. Talore, ion of Am jle, . 

89. NcctOD, son of Iforbet, 
48. Galam, Galan, with Aleph, 
50. Gartnaicb, ion of Domnecb, . 
68. Gamat, ion of Wld, Vaid, or Fode^ 
50. Bredei, son of BUi, . 
01. DerUi. . . 

64. Oengni^ ion of Taria, 

70. Cananl, • 

71. Oostaatin, Onastain, / • 

and vber nota aboudantlae ; Pink. lb. 

Throit>r; Drxuta, Worm. Hon. p. 277. 

Imlay, Imlach, A. 
Naughton, A. 
Geallande; Alof,iameai01of,01af,01aTe. Galium, A. 

• Dimmock. 

Tadi, .... Walth, Wade; Fod, A. 

Bialdie ; Baillie, A. 
Doral, Worm. Men. p. 194, signifying, 

devoted to Thor, 
Thorlaog, • 

76. Bred, 

Angoi, A. 


Constantlne, corr. Cott*- 
tain, was the proper 
name of P. Adamson, 
Abp. of St. Andrewi. In 
Ja. yi.'i reign. 

Braid, A. 



Among other PictiBh names, the following oocar in our histoij : — 

PionsH Nam n. 

Namib or Amos. 

Brand, Pink. Xoq. I. 811, also, Isl. Gudmondr tttn Biands, fllioi Brandi, Kristnlag., Brand. 

Bolge, Pink. I. 810. ..... 

Finleich, Ibid. 805. .... . 

BikeaV Ibid. 805. . . . . . 

Feotcn, Ibid. 448. ..... 

Baitan, Ibid. ...... 

Mttlrethaeh, Ibid. ...... 

Thaaa, (residing at Melgleb A. 841.) Pink. 1. 401. . 

Cait, a Piefcish name, ..... 

Fennach, Ibid. ...... 

Fachna, Foidan. I. 169. Pink. I. 801. Phiacban, Ibid. 810. 
Maleeice, Ibid. 444. . . . . . 

Boag, Boog; Bulk. 



FentOB, pron. Fwkm. 

Beaton ; Bcattie. 

Mnidoch; Moidie. 





Mockanie, Fife. 

The following names, which are most prohablj Pictish, have great 
affinity to those of Iceland and Denmark. They almost all belong to the 
vicinity of Forfar, or to the parish of Brechin. 



larron, . 

. . . 

Kettle, . 

• • 


. . • 


. . • 

Ivoiy, . 

. . • 

Dorward, pion. Dorat, 

Annan, . 

. • . 


. . . 

Sflten, . 

. . . 


• . . 

Herill, . 


Oflbom, . 

• • . 

Tbom, pron. Tom, 

Rlddell, . 

. • . 


. • . 

Teuk ; bat, perbapi errone oo^ly 

written Obofe. 


• > . 


. • • 



Ireland, pron. JErtofid, . 



Manna, . 


Orubbe, . 




Reon4 ; eUewhere Benwick, 

Tjiie, . 

• . . 


Uobbe, . 


Canr, Ker, 


Douthie, . 

Dnffua, . 

Binnie, . 

Udney, (Abeid.) 






Blrick, . 

laL. Ano Dav. Namib. 
Simon. Jonindar-ran, Jorondr filioa, Kristniaiff. p. 116. Jonmd-r, Ar. 

Frode, p. 70. 
Ketell, Tborateint son. Kristnlaag, 118. 
Haflid Marssnn, Maria fllina. Ibid. 122. 
Saemund, Ibid. 124. 
Irar, Ibid. 128. 
Tbonrard, Ibid. A. 981. 
Onnnd-r, Ibid. A. 081. 
Thorbiom, i. e. the bear of the god Thor. 
Tfitin, Worm. Mon. p. 101. Aaten, Ibid. 316. 8a. G. Atimtm, tnaslo^ 

Ihre, TO. Aat amor. 
Kield, Worm. Mon. p. 184. 
Harald, Ibid. 186. Heriolf-r, Undnan. past. 
Osbom, Kristning. p. 188. Oabiom, p. 195. 
Tome, Ibid. 
Rndi, Ibid. 106. 
Snti, Ibid. 240. 
Take, Ibid. 190. 

Tfa, and KbI, Ibid. 286. 

Biola, Landnamab. p. 22. Bolli, Ibid. 880. 

Dall, Ibid. 266. 

Arland, Worm. Mon. p. 458. JJEWond, the name of an Earl of Oiknej, * 

Norwegian, A. 1126. Johnst Antiq. 0. ficand. p. 244. 
Gaok-r, Landnam. p. 865. 

Magnus, a common Isl. and Dan. name, pron. Mamu, OAtuj. 
Grobbe, Worm. Mon. Addit p. 16. 
Hacon, Ibid. 498. 

Banvaog, Ibid. 508. Bannrelg, Landnam. p. 99. 
DeriTed perhaps from the name of the god Tjrr, aa Tcm from Tlior, and 

Wood fk-om Woden. 
Bete, Worm. Mon. Addit. p. 10. 
Ubbe, Ibid. 14. 

Bai, Johust Antiq. 0. 8cand. pp. 76, 77. 
Karl, Ibid. 110, Ac. (Kare, Ar. Frode.) 

Siwnrd, Sigaid, Norweg. name in Satheiland, A. 1096. Ibid. S51. 
DnfUiak-r, Landnam. 18, 16, Ao. 
Dngfos, Ibid. 140. 
Bona, Ibid. 19. 
Oddnj, Ibid. 263. 

Skagi, Slceggl, Ibid. 258, 254, from Aaeffg, hale 
StoU, Ibid. 72, 88. 
Bersi, Ibid. 60, 170. 
Lodinhofd, (shaggy head) Ibid. 284. 
Isl. Grlm-r, (seTerns) Ibid. 89. 
Alzek-r, Ibid. 274. Alrec-r, 76. A. 8. AeUHo, Aeliie. 



Nims n Avovs. 

CoUie, . 




Mann, yidgariy Mannle, 



HiBlop^ , 

Oathria, . 


Bollock, . 

HaUey, . 

Heddenriek, Hiddrtek, 



Bwino, ^ 

AlatOD, . 

Sheeriiy .■ 

Cralf, . 

Bkeir, . 

Cnbb, . 

Silvia, . 

IsL. AMD "Dam. Hammb^ 
Id. Kolla, Ibid. p. 36, 
Hallbiom, Ibid. pass. 
Biania, Biarni, 277, S46i 
Balkr, Ibid, 
▲nd-nr, (rich) Ar. Trode, IZ, U^ Odda^ Kriitnla. 121 Aod, Pictish 

name, Pink, Snq, L 811. 
Arnald, Prode, 70. 
Maor, Ibid. M, 66.. 
Hani, Ibid. 80, 81.. 
Stel^n, Ibid. 63. 
Teit-r, Ibid. 

Isleif, Ibid. [611. 

Godrod-iV Ibid. Gndraod-r, Gudrld-r, Landnam. Qaiitfr,.Wonn. lion. 
Halfdane, Ibid. Haldan-r, Henraiar, S. 
Hrollaog-r, Ar. Prode, 76. 
Helgi, Ibid. 

Heidrek-r, Herrarar, S. 
Herstein, Ar. Prode, 27. 
Orm-r, Henrarar, 8. 
Swejn, Ibid. 
Hallstdn, Ibid. 
Grim-r, (sererus) Ibid. 

Skiria, a man's name, JottasCAntiq. 0. Seaad. p. S, 
Kragger Worm. Hon. 164. 
Skardl, Landnam, 6C 
Krabbe, a Banisb name, 
SyUis, Worm. Hon. 128. 

It is most probable tbat the following names should be viewed as 
belonging to the same class; — Craik (Sn. G. kraka^ a crow); Lonnie, 
Dundarg, Mikie, Gorthie^ Fitchit, Don, Gall, Daes, Linn or liad, Low (Sn. 
G. logo, flamma); Denchar,. Bunch, Bawd, Boath, Darg, Dargie, Bean, 
Strang, Cadbert, Gonttie, Contts, Shand, Cobb, Neave, Tarbaty Storrier, 
Gandie, Dngoid, Broakie, Proffit, Eaton, Fands, Croll, Kettins, Porris, 
Pressok, Myers, Byers, Neish, Towns, Hillocks, Hearsel (Sn^ G. haer, 
exercitos, and saeU, socins, a companion in warfare); Glenday, Meams, 
Kermach, Leys, Dormont,. Crockat, Leech, Emslie, Mag, Livy, G^kie, 
Legge, Craw, Stool, Machir, Goold, Herd, Lnmgair, Laird, Bind, Annat, 
Elshet^ Tyaty Pet, Stark, Stnrrock, Mamie, Grig, Bough, Doeg, pron. 
Doug^ Cossar, Prosser, Torbet,. Logic, &c. &c. 

VI. — The analogy of aneient Customs also affords a powerfnl test of 
ihe aflinity of nations. I need scarcely mention the almost inviolable 
attachment manifested to these, when transmitted from time immemorial, 
especially if connected with religion, or npheld by superstition. 

The Celtic inhabitants of this countiy observed one of their principal 
feasts on Hallow-eve,. which is still called Samk'in. F. Shannagh. But 
there is no memorial of any festival at the time of the winter solstice. The 
names whi^ they have given to Christmas, Com. Nadelig^ Arm. Nadetek^ 
GaeL Ndlig^ Fr. Noel, Nouel, are all evidently formed from Lat. NataUis, 
i. e. dies natalis Christi. In Corn, it is sometimes more fidly expressed, 
Deu Nadelig, literally, Ood*8 hirth^day. In Ir. it is called Breath-la, BreUhla; 
but this means nothing more than birth-day. 

Thus it appears that the Celts have not, like the Goths, transferred 
the name of any heathen feast to Christmas ; which nearly amounts to a 
proof that they previously celebrated none at this season. The matter is, 
indeed, more directly inverted between the Goths and the Celts. The 
former, observing their principal feast in honour of the Sun at the winter 


solstice, transferred the name of it to the day on which it is Enoipposed oar 
Savionr was bom ; and adopted the Christum designation, snch as Chris- 
tianity then appeared, of Korss-rmiessa^ or Bood-daj, for the day celebrated 
in commemoration of the pretended Invention of the Cross. On the other 
hand, the Celts, continning to observe their great annual festival, also 
originally in honour of the Son, in the beginning of May, retained the 
pagan designation of Beltane^ with most of its rights, while they adopted 
the Christain name of the day observed in commemoration of the birth of 
our Saviour. This difference is observable in our own country to this very 
day. In those counties of which the Picts were the permanent inhabitants, 
especially beyond Tay, Yule and Bood-day are the designatioas still used ; 
while Beltane is unknown, and Christmaa scarcely mentioned. But in those 
belonging to the Celtic territories, or bordering on ii^ particularly in the 
West of Scotland, Ytde and Rood-day are seldom or never mentioned. 

This of itself affords no contemptible proof that the Picts were a 
Grothic nation, and that they still exist in those districts which were pos- 
sessed by their ancestors ; especially when viewed in connexion with the 
great similarity between the rites still retained in the North of Scotland, 
and those formerly common throughout the Scandinavian regions, in the 
celebration of Yule, The analogy must forcibly strike any impartial reader, 
who will take the trouble to consult this article in the Dictionary. Had 
the Picts been exterminated, or even the greatest part of them destroyed, 
and their country occupied by Celts, it is improbable that the latter would 
have adopted the Gothic designation of Yule, and quite inconceivable that 
they wotdd have totally dropped the term Beltane, used to denote the most 
celebrated feast of their forefathers. Why should this be the only term 
used in those places formerly under the Celtic dominion, and totally 
unknown in Angus, Meams, and other counties, which their language, 
after the subjugation of the Picts, is supposed to have overrun ? Did they 
borrow the term Yule from a few straggling Saxons ? This is contrarv to 
all analogy. Did the Saxons themselves adopt the name given by their 
Norman conquerors to Christmas ? Oehol was indeed used in Anglo-Saxon, 
as a designation for this day ; but rarely, as it was properly the name of a 
month, or rather of part of two months. The proper and ecclesiastical 
designation was Mid-unnter-daeg, Midvrinter-day. Had any name been 
borrowed, it would have been that most appropriated to religious use. This 
name, at any rate, must have been introduced with the other. But we have 
not a vestige of it in Scotland. The name Yule is, indeed, still used in 
England. But it is in the northern counties, which were possessed by 
a people originally the same with those who inhabited the Lowlands of 

Here I might refer to another singular custom, formerly existing 
among our ancestors, that of punishing female culprits by drowning. We 
observe some vestiges of this among the Anglo-Saxons. Although it pre- 
vailed in Scotland, I can find no evidence that it was practised by the 
Celts. It is undoubtedly of German or Gothic origin. F. Prr and 
Gallows, Diet. 

YIL — ^A variety of other considerations might be mentioned, which, 
although they do not singly amount to proof, yet merit attention, as viewed 
in connexion with what has been already stated. 


As BO great a part of i^e eastern coast of what is now called England 
was so earljr peopled by the Bkloae, it is hardly conceivable that neither so 
ent^rising a people, nor any of their kindred tribes, sbonld ever think of 
extending their descents a little j&rther eastward. For that the Belgcie, and the 
inhabitants of theconntries bordering on the Baltic, had a common origin, 
thece seems to be little reason to donot. The Dntch assert that their pro- 
genitors were Scandinavians, who, abont a centnry before the common era, 
left Jntland and the neighbonring territories, in quest of new habitations. 
V, Beknopte Historic van't Vaderland, i. 3, 4. The Saxons must be viewed 
as a brandli from the same stock. For they also proceeded from modem 
Jutland and its vicinity. 19'ow, there is nothing repugnant to reason in 
supposing that some of these tribes should pass over directly to the coast 
of Scotland opposite to ihem, even before the Christian era. For Mr. 
Whitaker admits ihat the JSaxons, whom he strangely makes a Gaulio 
people, in the second oentury applied themselves to navigation, and soon 
became formidable to the Romans. Hist. Manch. B. i. c. 12. Before they 
could become formidable to so powerful a people, they must have been at 
least so well acquainted with navigation, as to account it no great enter- 
prise to cross from the shores of the Baltio over to Scotland, especially if 
they took the islands of Shetland and Orkney in their wa^. 

As we have seen that, according to Ptolemy, there were, in his time, 
different tribes of Belgae settled on the northern -extremity of our country, 
the most natural idea undoubtedly is, that they came directly from the 
continent. For had these Belgae <nrossed the English Channel, according 
to the common progress of barbarous nations, it is scarcely supposable that 
this island would have been settled to its utmost extremity se early as the 
age of Agricola. 

There is every reason to believe that the Belgic tribes in Caledonia, 
described by Ptolemy, were Picts. For, as the Belgae, Picts, and Saxons, 
seem to have had a common origin, it is not worth while to differ about 
names. These frequently arise from cau3eB so trivial that their origin 
becomes totally inscrutable to succeeding ages. The Angles, although 
only one tribe, have accidentally given their name to the country which 
they invaded, and to all the descendants of the Saxons and Belgae, who 
were by far more numerous. 

It is universally admitted, that there is a certain National Chabacteb, 
of an external kind, which distinguishes one people from another. This is 
often so strong, that those who have travelled through various countries, or 
have accurately marked the diversities of this character, will scarcely be 
deceived «ven as to a straggling individual. Tacitus long ago remarked 
the striking resemblance between the Germans and Caledonians. Eveiy 
stranger, at this day, observes the great difference of features and com- 
plexion between the Highlanders and Lowlanders. No intelligent person 
in England is in danger of confounding the Welsh with the posterity of the 
Saxons. Now, if the Lowland Scots be not a Oothic race, but in fact the 
descendants of the ancient British, they must be supposed to retain some 
national resemblance to the Welsh. But will any impartial observer 
-venture to assert, that in feature, complexion, or form, there is any such 
similarity as to induce the slightest apprehension that they have been origi- 
xially the saoie people? 





It ifl difficult to gi^e general rales for the pro- 
nanciatlon of words in a language in whicli 
there are so many anomalies as the Scottish; 
but some examples may be given of the sound 
of the Towels or diphthongs, and the guttural 
«A and gh, 

A, in nan, kc has nearly the same sound in 
8. as in E. Vulgar English writers, who use 
itum for man, hand for hand, &o. believing that 
this is pure Scottish, show tiiat they have 
studied the works of Ramsay and Burns to 
little purpose. The rhymes to such words 
occurring in Scottish poems, will at once point 
out the teue pronunciation ; as, for example, 

** Then gently tean jQwr t>rother man," Ac. 
Addrest to the ITneo Guid: 

** Untie theae handt fram off my Aancb," fto. 

Macfikenon's Farewdl. 

JS long, or the ordinary sound of it in ee, ea, 
is in the sooth of Scotland changed into the 
diphthong ei or «y; hence heis for hees, tei or 
iey for Ua, sey for 40a, &c. The pronouns A^ 
and me^ pronouoced very broadly hei and mei, 
the voice rising on the last vowel, most for- 
dUy strike the ear of a stranger. 

Eu is frequently pronounceid as English u 
in tube ; as in neuk, beuJc, leuk, &c. see also 00 
in Dictionu^. 

in cotne and caminff, is pronounced in S. as 
in E. In Cumberland, and elsewhere in the 
north of England, the vulgar say eooming; 
but this pronunciation obtains nowhere in 

Oo is often sounded like the French u in 
une; as in hooli$, hood, hoody^ fto. 

Ou has frequently the sound of 00 in E. 
good; as in douk^ doukar, dour^ dounmth, 
fntth, &o. 

Ou has also the same sound as in E. round; 
as in doup, doust, gouk, goul, fcunome, &a 

Oto has frequently the sound of 00, in E. 
good; as in dow^ (a4ove,) downeoms, dowkar, 

Uin many words has the peculiar sound of 
the French ti in une; as in hule^ spune, achule, 

F vowel, used by our ancient writers indis- 
criminately with I, being in fru^ only double 
t, and printed y in otiier Northern languages, 
is to be sought for, not as it stands in the 
English alphabet, but in the same place with 
the letter t, thrcughout the work ; as, ydant, 
diligent ; ydilteth, idleness ; &c 

F consonant, corresponds to A. S. O before 
a vowel ; and from the resemblance in form 
of A. S. & (3) to the Roman } the latter was 
veiT improperly used for it in many of the 
early printed books, as well as in MSS., and 
when z without the tail came to be used, it 
was still retained in a number of printed 
books and MSS. Hence we often meet with 
Gaberlunzie, instead of Oaberlunyie, lUUtiej for 
I^ilyis, Zeir^ for Yeir, &c. 

Ch and gh have often the guttural sound; 
as in loehf lochan, haugh^ Srouohton, &c. These 
sounds, like the French sound of ti in une, are, 
however, impracticable to Englishmen, unless 
their organs have been early trained to gut- 
turals. Hence we generally find them pro- 
nouncing loch dock, haugh haw, firoughton 
£routon, &c. 

Words not found in SH, to be sought for 
under SCH. 

Words not found in WH, to be sought for 
under QUH, expressing the sound of the old 
Gothic gnttiuraL 

Words improperlv printed in our old books 
with Z, to be looked for under Y consonant. 



A. Bor. 



Baibarons lAtin. 




Metaphor, Metaphorical, Metaphorically. 




Moeao-Gothic, as preMrred in " Ulphi- 


Aleniannic language. 

lasT Tendon of the Goipels.* 


Ancient, or Anciently. 




Coimtj or Dialect of Angu. 


ManiMerip^ or eomoted Iton Mano- 


Armorican, or langnage of Braiagne, 


A. 8. 

Anglo-Saxon langnaga. 




Belgio langnage. 




Oambro-Brltannlo, or Welih langonge. 





Participle presont. 


Used occaalODally for Chancer. 

port, pa. 

Participle past 




Persian language. 





Oompl. a. 


Precopensian dialect of the GoOilo. 


GonJ auction. 




Contracted, er ContractUm. 


Preterite^ or past tense. 



Prononn ; olto^ Pronoonce, Pronnid^ 


Corropted, or Comption. 







Danish language. 




DeriratiTe, or DeilTation. 



Dim. Dimin. 



Quod Tide. 


Bngllih langmge. 

R. GlovB. 

Chronicle of Bobert of Olonoester. 


Xiratonii or Errata. 


Bnddlman's Glossary to Doughu's YIigiL 

Sd. Edit. 



After Islandic qnotatioDs, denotes Saga. 


Xzplain, Explained. 


Scottish, Scotland. It also denotes that 


FIguratiTe, FigaratiTelj. 

a word is still used in Scotland. 


Flnnleh, language of Finland. 


The asterisk signifies that the woid ta 


French language. 

which it Is prefixed, besides the com- 


Frankish, TheotiM, or Tadesqne lan- 

mm signification in English, is used 



in a different sense in Scotland. 


Frisian dialect of the Belgic 

6. A. 

Scotia Ausfeialis, Soath of Scotland. 


Gaelic of the Highlands of Scotland. 


SeoUa BoreaUs, North of Scotland ; oIm^ 


(German language. 

Northern Scots. 

Gl. Olosa. 



Scotia OcddentaUs, West of SooOand. 






Greek language. 

Syn. Synon. 

Synonyme, Synonymous. 


Hebrew langnage. 

So. G. 

Sneo-Gothic, or ancient language oC 




In the same place 


Swedish langnage, (modem.) 


HaTlng the same aignlfleatloa. 








Irish language. 


Vide, See also^ or Yolume, 


0. a. 

Verb aetire. 


Italian langnage. 

V. «. 

Verb neuter. 


Sometimes for Jn&Ina. 

V. impen. 

Veib Impersonal. 

L. Lat 

Latin language. 






BometlmeB for Wachter. 





Thf letter A baa, in the Soottlah langaage, frar dif- 
ferent aonndB : 

1. A IratMMl, u in B. €M. wM. U is often added, as in 
caldf cold, written also eaidd ; and aometlmea w ; 
both as maiica of the prolongation of the Bonnd. 

2. A short, in lak, mak, tak^ 8., as in latt, past, B. 

8. A open in dad, daddie, a father, and some other 
words, 8., as bi B. read, pret, ready, adj. 

4. ▲ slender or close, in lane, aiane, alone, mane, 
moan, 8., Uke face, jpiaee, B. The monosyllables 
haTe generally, although not always, a final e 

A IS used in many words instead of o in B. ; as one, 
bane, lanOt tong, Hane, for one, bone, long, song, 
stone. Tor the Scots preserve nearly the same 
orthography with the Anglo-Saxons, which the 
English have abandoned. Thus the words last- 
mentioned were written in A.S. an, 5an, lang, tano, 
ttan. In some of the northern counties, as in 
Angus and Heams, the sonnd of ee or et prerails, 
Instead of ai, in Tarious words of this formation. 
Ane, bane, lAane, Ac., are pronounced ein, bein, 
sCein, after the manner of the Gennans, who use 
each of these terms in the same sense. 

When ttiis letter is written with an apostrophe, as a*, 
it is meant to intimate that the double I is cut off, 
aooording to the pronunciation of Scotland. But 
this is merely of modem use. 

A is sometimes prefixed to words, both in S. and O.B., 
where it makes no alteration of the sense : as ctftotle, 
delay, which has precisely the same meaning with 
bade. This seems to hare been borrowed from the 
A.8., in which language oftidais and bidan are per- 
fectly synonymous, both simply signifying to remain, 

A, in composttion, sometimes signifies on ; as aifraf^ 
on the grufe or belly, S. ; Isl. a ifntfa, eemai, prond. 
Johnson thinks that a, in the composition of such 
E. words as atide, fifoci, aUeep, is sometimes con- 
tracted from tU. But these terms are nnquestlon- 
ably equivalent to on tide, on foot, on sleep ; on 
being used, in the room of a, by ancient writers. 

A is used, by our ohlest writers, in the sense of one. 
The dgntflcation Is more forcible than that of the 


indefinite article in English; for it denotes, not 
merely an individual, where there n^y be many, or 
one in particular, but one exclusively of others^ in 
the same sense in which ae is vulgarly used, q. v. 

A is often vulgarly used for hoe, i.e. have ; ob, A done, 
have done. 

As, adj. One, S. Although ae and ane both signify 
one, they differ consldembly in their application. 
Ae denotes an object viewed singly, and as alone ; as, 
" Ae swallow disna mak a simmer.^ Ane marks a 
distinction often where there is a number ; as, " I 
saw three men on the road ; ane & them tamed awa' 
to the right hand." 

AAIRVHOUS, «. The place of meeting appointed by 
the Foud-Generall, or Chief-Governor. Shetl. Ap- 
parently ftrom Off, Off, an arrow prefixed to house ; 
as an arrow marked with certain signs was used by 
the ancients for assembling the multitude. Y. 
ChroifktariA and Fjfre Oroee. It appears that the 
arrow, having been originally used to assemble the 
people for war, had, at least in name, been retained 
In calling the people to the place appointed for 
Judicial decisions. Thus aairvkom denotes the 
house appointed for Judgment. 

AAR, $. The Alder, a tree, 8. 0. T. Am. 

AABON'S-BBABD, t. The dwatf-shrub called St 
John's Wort, Syperieum perforahan, Linn, Boxb. 
This plant was formerly believed by the superstitious 
in Sweden, as well as in Scotland, to be a charm 
against the dire effects of witchcraft and enchant- 
ment. By putting it into ropy milk, suspected to be 
bewitched, and milking ahresh iqKm it, they also 
fancied the milk would be cured. 

ABACK, ad«. 1. Away ; aloof ; at a distance, 8. 2. 
Behind, in relation to place, 8. Btams. 8. Back ; 
used in relation to time past. Angus. Boefi ffeknore. 

ABAD, Abadb, Abaid, s. Delay ; abiding ; tarrying ; 
the same with Bad, Bade. A. 8. abidron, manere, 
to tarry, to stay. Wallace, Doug. Virg. 

To ABAT, Abaw, v. a. To astonish. Abayd, part. pa. 
astonished ; abawd^ Chameer. Fr. etboMr, to 
astonish. K. Hart. 

ABAID, part. pa. Waited ; expected. A. 8. abad, 
expectatus, hoped. Bouglat. 



To ABAT8, o. a. To abash ; to oonfound. Abaytyd, 
part. pa. Wyntomn. Vr. o&oitir, Id. 

ABAITMENT, t. Direnion ; vpott. Douolat. Arm. 
ebaPOt Indere, ebcrf, loduB ; O. fr. «battd-tr, recreare, 
abattementt recreatio. 

ABAK, ado. Back ; behind. Chaueer, id. Dmioku. 
Isl. aabakt letromun. A. S. on ftoee, id. 

To ABANDON, v. a. 1. To bring under abaolate Biib* 
Jectlon. Barbour. 2. To lot loose ; to giro pennla- 
aion to act at pleasure. WaUaoe. 8. To destroy, to 
cutoff. WaUaee. 4. Sffectuallj to preyent ; neariy 
in sense to deter. BeUmd. Cfron. — Vr. abandonn- 
er, id. 

ABANDONLT, Abakdowlt, adv. At landom, with- 
out regard to danfer. WaUaat. 

ABANDOUN. In oiMmdouny at obondoim, at random. 
Barbour. Qiauoor uses tendon as denoting free will, 
pleasure.— Fr. en abandon^ d Vabandon, id. from d 
ban and donneri to giro vp to interdiction. 

ABARBAND, part pa. Departing firom the right waj, 
wandering. B. Aberrintf. Bellend. Oron. 

ABASIT, part. pa. Confounded ; abaiihed. Jkmolai. 
y. Abaft. 

ABATB, «. Accident ; saraething that suxprises one, 
as being unexpected; ercnt, adyenture. Kin^t 
Quair. — Jr. oftoM-re, to daunt, to orerthrow ; or 
abet-itt hebetem, stupidnm, reddere. 

To ABAW. T. Abat. 

ABBACY, ABBA8T, f. An abbey. L. B. abatiOt id. 
Aett Ja. III. 

ABBEY -LAIRD, t. A ludicrous and cant term for a 
bankrupt ; for one at least who, firom Inability to 
pay his creditors, finds it necessary to take the bene- 
fit of the girth of the confines of Holyrood House, for 
protection txom them. Loth. Oock-Laird, HerdPt 

ABBEIT, f . Dress ; apparel. 0. B. abite. Sannatyne 
P o omt , Arm. abytt abyta, Lat. kabit-m, Vr. habitj 

ABBIS, «. fl. Burplioes ; white linen yestments worn 
by priests. CM. Invenloria. L. B. dtba, id. fh>m 
Lat ol&uf, white. 

ABBOT, t. Probably for dress. Habit Pitaoottiet 

ABBOT OF UNRBASON, a sort of histrionic chancier, 
andentiy exhibited in Scotland, but afterwards for- 
bidden by Act of Pariiament Act* Mary. This was 
one of the Christmas qmrts ; and, as the ancient 
Baturnalla, lerelled all distinction of ranks, the 
design of this amusement was to ridicule the solem- 
nity of the proceedings of an Abbot, or other digni- 
fied detgyman. It is the same with the Abbot of 
MitruUy and distinguished In name only ftom the 
Boy-BiAopt characters fonnerly well known both in 
Xngland and in Fmnce. The principal personage 
was denominated the Abbot qf Unrtaton^ because his 
actings were inconsistent with reason, and merely 
meant lo exdte mirth. For a more particular 
•ooouni of this, see Tke Abbot 

ABO. An alphiJMtical arrangement of duties payable 
to QoTenuaenk on goods imported or exported. 

ABB, «. DiminnttTO of Xbeneaer; pronounced q. 
Bb4. Boxb. 

ABSB. 3b Ut aftes, to let alone ; to bear with ; not 
to meddle witii, 8. lb Id be, B. JNTson. 

Lbt-abxi, 9. Forbeaimnoe, or connlrance. Let-abeo 
>br fal oftee; mutual foibeainnoe, & LeI-a-be for 



Lr inn. Far lesa — "Ha oooldna dt» let oboe 

ABBfiCH, Abikoh, adv. Aloof, " at a shy distanoe f* 
chiefly used in the west of B. Stand abeigk, keep 
aloof. B»m«.— Fr. oboy, 0. Fr. aJbai^ abay^ abbau; 
B. at toy, 0. B. abay. 
ABBFOIR, ado. Formeriy ; before. Pit»eottit. 
ABBIS, Abiks, prtp. loi comparison with ; as^ " This 
is black aboU that;— London is a big town oMes 
Xdinburgh." Fife. Belt in Loth. Perhaps a eorr. 
of Albeit, y. BeU, prep. 
ABBRAND, part. pr. Going astray. Lat oftsmnw, 

B. a^berrlng. BeUenden. 
To ABHOR, V. a. To fill with horror. Lyndtay. 

To ABY, V. a. To suffer for. 0. B. abeye, abie. 
8. bya-anf to buy. Benrynne. 

^BIl>VUi, Waited for. IficeiBume. 

ABIL, o^f. Able. ITyntoion.— Lat. AofrO-ii, 
kabOe, 0. B. abl. Teut aba, id. 

ABIL, adv. Perhaps, y. Abli. 

ABILYBMENTI8, ABBiLTBMurru, «. pi. 1. Dress. 
Sdbelaie. 2. Accoutrement; apparatus, of what 
kind soeyer. Aett Ja. II f. 

ABYLL, ad^j. Liable ; apt Y. Abil. Bdlend. 

ABITIS, t. pi. Obits ; service for the dead. Banna' 
tyne Poemt. — lAt o6<Hm, death ; also, office for 
the dead. 

ABLACH, ABI.ACK, t. 1. " A dwarf ; an expresdon of 
contempt," Gl. Shirr. 8. B. Gael, dbkaeh, id. 2. The 
remains of any animal that has become the prey of a 
dog, fox, polecat, 4e. 3. A partide ; a fkagment ; 
used in a generd sense. IsL c^ltv, anything super- 
fluous ; Dan. ^/locrt, left 

ABLB, adj. 1. Proper ; fit 2. Liable ; in danger of. 
AcU Ja. ri. 

ABLB, Abil, Abus, Abubb, adv. Perhaps ; peradren- 
ture, 8. TeablO'tea, id. Montaomery. — A. 8. o&cU, 
Id. and su. O. <^, strength, properly that of the 
body ; a^fl•at, to be oMe. 

ABLEBZB, adv. In a blaae. Bride </ LawuHumoor. 

ABLINS, ode. y. Ablk. 

A-BOIL, adv. To eome a-6o«l, to begin to boil, 8. 

ABOOT, ode. To boot ; the odds paid in a bargain or 
exchange. Boxb. 

ABORDAOB, t. Apparentiy, the aet of boarding a 
ship. Sea Ztomie, Ba^fimr't Praet. 

ABOUT, <idv. Altematdy ; as *' sup about" 

AB0UT-8PBICH, t. Oiroumlocution. Doufflat Virg. 

ABOWYNB, Abobb, Abow, prep. 1. Abore, as signi- 
fflng higher in plaoe ; oyer ; obeon, 8. — Gl. Yorks. 
Westmorel. Wa laoe. 2. Oyer — " Tullus rang thirty- 
two yeris, in great glore, obone the Romanis.** Bd- 
Unden. 8. Superior to, 8. Baebow. — A. 8. obit/an, 
id. The radical term is evidentiy ^fan, supm. 

ABRAIDIT, part. a^f. A tern applied by caxpeutors 
to the snrfiftce of a ragstone, used for sharpening 
thdr tools, when it has become too smooth for the 
pnipoae. Roxb. — O. Fr. abradant, wearing away; 
Lat abradert, to scrape or shaye off. 

To ABRSDB, v. a. To poblish ; to spread abroad. Gl. 
Sibb. — A. 8. abraed-an, propalare. 

To ABRBDB, «. n. To start ; to fly to adde. Chaoc. 
abraide, id. Henrytone. 

ABRRBD, adv. In breadth, 8. Gl. Bmmt. 

ABRBID, Abkadb, Abebab, adv. 1. Abroad ; at large, 
8. Bura. 2. Asunder. Roxb. — A. 8. obred-m, 
extendere, or Id. • brand, forth, in yia. 

ABSOLYrrOR. ABBOLynoPB, ABsoLyvrua, t . Afo^ 
•nde lenn, «aod in two diffarant ways :— 1. Abeol- 


vitur ab initeftfto. " One is said to be abfolyed from 
the ifwtonee, when there is Mme defect or infor- 
nuJUy in the proceedings ; for thereby that intkuue 
is ended antil new citatfon.**— jS^pot^inooode't Law 
DicL AIJS.—2. Abtolvitur from the daim, " When 
a person is flreed by sentence of a Judge firom any 
dcbi or demand, lie is said to hare obtained oteofoi- 
turfrom (he pnrftuer'g claim."-~Ibid, 

Svidently from the use of the third per. alng. of 
the Latin Terb — Abuivilur. 

AB8TACLS,f. Obstacle. PiteooftiVf Oon. 

AB9TIKENC1B, s. A truce ; cesation of arms. Spoti- 
voood't HiU,—VT. id. L. B. abttiitefUia. 

ABSTRAKLOUS, a4j. Cross-tempeied. Ayrs. Pei> 
haps a misnomer uf ob U re p aro m . 

Afi-THANS, Abtbaub, t. V. Thamb. 

AfiUFIN,j9rep. Abore. A. 8. obt^on, Id. Y. Abowtks. 

ABULYEIT, Abultisd, Abiltsit, part. pa. 1. Drest; 
appareled. DougloM. 2. JSquipped for the field of 
batUe. AeU Jo. II.— 'Bi. habiU-er, to clothe. 

ABULISMENT, «. Dress; habit. BtOendm. Vr. 

To ABUSB, V. a. To disuse ; to give op the practice 
of anything. AeU Jo. //. T. Yysais. L. B. abuti 
non nti. 

ABU8I0DN, ABDfiiox, t. 1. Abuse. Act$ Ja. IV, 2. 
Deceit ; imposition pracysod on another. FiUooUit. 
— Pr. abution. 

AC, So, 001^'. But; and, Barbour.-- A. 8. aec. eac ; 
Moes. O. auk ; Alem. auh ; 8a. G-. odk, ocfc ; Belg. 
ook ; Lat. ac, etiam. 

ACG£D£NS, t. A term ased in reference to rent In 
money. Aberd. Reg. 

ACC£D£NT, «. An accession, or casualty. Spalding. 


To ACCLAMIB, «. a. To lay claim to ; to demand as 

one's right. A€U Mary. L. B. occ/am-are. 
ACGOMLB, AcouMiB, «. A species of mixed metal, 8. 


To AOCORD. Used impersonally ; oi aomrdt, or cm 
oocord^ of law, i. e. as is agreeable or conformable to 
law. It has greatei latitude <rf signification than the 
phmse, at ^eirit, which denotes anything propor- 
tional, conrenient, or becoming, as well as confor- 
mity. LavftofS. 

ACCOUNT, s. To lay one's aeoomU with ; to assure 
one's self of ; to make up one's mind to anything, 8. 
WaXket*» Pedm. 

ACCUMIB PEN, 9. A metallic peocU for writing on 
tablet. V. AoconiB. 

ACE, t. 1. The smallest dlTiaion of anything, 2. A 
single particle ; a onit. Orkn. O. Andr. 

ACK, s. Adies. V. As, Ass. 

ACHEBSPIBB, «. The germination of noalt at that 
end of the grain firom which the stalk grows, 8. Y. 

To ACHERSPYBE, v. n. To shoot ; to sproat ; to 
germinate. B. acroipire. Chalmerlan Air.— A. 8. 
aethirj an ear of com, oeoer, 8a. O. aakar, com, and 
tpirOf the pitijectlOD of anything that is long and 
»iender. Or. arpoff, sommus, and awt^ta, spira. 

ACHIL,a«(;. Noble. V. Athil. 

3*0 ACK, V. a. To enact. Y. Act, v. 

ACKADENT, s. A spirituous liquor resembling rum. 
Ayrs. Apparently the corr. of some foreign designa- 
tion beginning with Aqua. 

ACKEE-DALE, a4j. Divided Into single acres or 
•mall portions. — A. 8. atear an acre, and doel-on, 
to diTide. 

8 ADH 

ACLITB, AoKLTTi, ode. Awiy ; to one side. Boxb. 

Synon. ulree, 8. 
ACORNIE, «. Apparently a drinking vessel, with ears 

or handles, like a qvMick. Fr. ooorn^, homed; 

having horns. 
ACQUAINT, AcQUBMT, paH. adj. Acquainted. P.alwu, 

Metrical Version ; HoaH of Mid,'Loth. 
ACQUABT, AiKWBXT, adj. 1. Averted ; turned from. 

2. Cross ; perverse, 8. DouolfU, — A. 8. ocioerd, aver- 

sos, perversus. E. avjkwxrd. 
ACQUATS, pret. tefue. Acquitted. AcU. Cha. I. 
To ACQUEia, V. a. To acquire. Bwrel.—VT. acquit^ 

acquis part pa. ; lAt. ooguwitiu, acquired. 
To ACQUIET, V. a. 1. To quiet ; to bring to a state of 

tranquillity. 2. To secure. Act. Dom. Cone L. B. 

aequietare, to render quiet or secure. 
To ACQUITS, V. a. Perhaps to revenge ; but doubt- 
ful. BeUenden. 
ACRE, c. An old sort of duel fought by dngle com- 

batante, English and Scotch, between the frontiers of 

their kingdom, with sword and lance. — Cotoel's Law 

ACRE-BRAID, «. The breadth of an acre. Pieken't 

ACRER, «. A vezy snaall proprietor ; a portioner or 

feuar, 8. A. 
To ACRES, ACBBSOB, V. n. 1. To increase ; to gather 

strengtii. Buirel. 2. Used as a law teim in 8. to 

denote that one species of right, or claim, flows from, 

and naturally falls to be added to, its principal. — Fr. 

accroittre^ Lat. occrescere, id. 
To ACT, AOB, V. a. To require by judicial authority ; 

njearly the same with E. enact, with this dilTerence, 

that there is a transition from the deed to the per&on 

whom it regards. AeU Cfka. I. 
ACTENTICKLY, adv. AuthenticaUy. Act. Dim. 

ACTION 8ERH0N, «. The sermon that immediately 

precedes the celebration of the ordinance of the 

Lord's Supper in 8. 
ACTIOUN, $. Affaii*s ; business ; Interest BellendAn. 
ACTON, «. A leathern Jacket, strongly stuffed, 

anciently worn under a coat of mail. Stat. Rob. I. — 

0. Fr. auqueton, haucton, L. B. aketon, acton, id. 
ACTUAL, adj. An actual minister, or an actual man, 

a phrase still used by the vulgar to denote one who is 

In full orders as a minister of the gospel, S. Wodrow. 

— L. B. actus, officium, minlsteiium. 
ADAM'S WINE. A cant phiase for water as a beve- 
rage, our first father being supposed to have known 

nothing more powerful, 8. Sir Andrew Wylie. 
ADDER-BEAD, AnnxB-SrABB, s. The stone supposed 

to Im formed by adders, 8. Nithsdale. Y. Beajd. 
ADDETTIT, part. pa. Indebted. i^ou^Zos.— Fr. e»- 

debt^, id. 
ADDISON, t. Access ; encouragement. 
ADDLE, adj. Foul. An addle dub ; a filthy pool. 

Cl}des. Y. AniLL. 
To ADDLE, V. n. To moisten the roots of plants with 

the urine of cattle. Benfirews.— Su. Q. adl-a, me- 

ADB, Adib, «. Abbreviation of Adam ; pronounced 

Tedie, south of 8. 
ADBW, used as an adj. Gone ; departed ; fled. 

Douglat. — From Fr. adieUf used in an oblique sense. 
ADEW, part. pa. Done. Wallace.— A. 8. odoo, 

fiicere, oclon, tollere. 
ADHANTARBy s. One who haunts a place. Aberd. 





ADHETLL, «. The dlstrlet fn %, wm catted AthoIL 

Barbour.— QmA, Blair-adh-oU, Blair-Mholl, oxpl. 

" the great plaMant plain." 
ADIENCE, t. To ifie adienee, >to make room. To 

give a wall adienee^ not to confine it in ita extent 

Fife. It iB Bjnon. with S. tcouik. 
AUILIj, Addlb, «. 1. Voul and putrid water. DottoUu. 

2. The. urine of black cattle. Benfrews. — A. 8. adl, 

filthy gore, Teat odef. filth, mire, Bu. G. odZo, me- 

ADIORNALB, AfiJOCBHAL, Acte 4rf. The designation 

giren to the reoonl of a lentenoe passed in a cri- 
minal cause ; and kept in what are called the Bookt 

<if At^eumal. -AeU Mary. 
To ADI0RNI8, v. a. To cite ; to snmmon. Fr. ad- 

ADIST, pr«p. On this side, -8. It Is opposed to 

ajfont, i. t. on the other side. KeUjf. — Pertiaps from 

G«rm. diet, hoc, B. thii. 
ADMINACLB, f. Perhaps, pendicle «f land» AcU 

Ch. J. 
ADMINICLE, «. Collateml prool ErA. Inst. 
ADMINICULATE, port. pa. Supported ; set forth. 

CrookAanJ^i UiU. Lat odrntntciii-aH, to prop, to 

To ADNULL, v. a. To abrogate ; to annul. Lat 

adntUl-arty from ad and nuUuM. 
AD0I9, Adoks, Abdois, t. pi. 1. Buslnem ; aflTairs. 

AcU Ja. VI. 2. It is also used as denoting difli- 

culties, like.B. ado ; as "I had my ain adoUt^ i. e. 

To ADORNB, v. a. To worship; to adore. Apb. 

ADOW. Naething admo, worth little or nothing. 

Boxb. From the v. Dow, to be able. — A. S. duaon, 

prodesse, Talere. 
ADRAD, part. adj. Afiraid. Upp. Gydes. &l. Sitlb. 

— A. S. adroied-an^ timere. 
ADBED, adv. Downright Dou/glat.-^Yr. adroUt or 

droit, right, straight, Lat. dirtUm. Sudd. 
ADREICU, adv. Behind ; at a distance. To /Mow 

adrtiek^ to follow at a considerable distance, 8. B. 

Adrigk^ O. E.— From the adj. DrHck, q. ▼. BtUenden. 
ADREID, oo»^'. Lest Police ^J7o».—Imper. of A. S. 

adraed-an^ timere. 
ADRESLY, ado. With good address. Wyntown. 
To ADTEBIPT agaimi^ v. n. To disobey. Aberd. JUg. 

V. Attbmftat. 
To ADVERT, «. a. Toarert ; to turn aside. 
ADVERTENCE, Addxetaiiob, «. 1. Retinue. 8. Ad- 
herents ; adylsers ; abettors. Chron.. Ja. II. — Fr. 

advertir, to give adrice. 
To ADVISE, V. a. To Adtviu a Coxae or ProeesM, to 

deliberate so as to giro Judgment on it, 8. AcU Ja. 

VI. — L. B. odint-ore, consulere. 
To ADVOCATE, «. n. To plead, v.. a. So advocate a 

cauM. Lat cuivocare. Buth. Lett. 
ADVOUTRIE, ADTOirniT, $. Adultery. Anderum'i 

Ooll.^O. Fr. advoutire. 
To ADURNE, «. a. To adore ; the same with Adonte. 

Keith's Hut. 
ADWAN6, o^;. Tiresome. T. Dwak». 
A£, adv. Always ; E. aye. Z. Soyd. Isl. a«, aeiqper, 

Moes. G. aiv), aeteroum. 
AE, adj. I. One. 8. Used with snperlatiTes in an 

intensire sense ; as, " The as best fellow e'er was 

bom." Burnt. V. letter A. 
AE, adj. Only ; as, '* Whllk bnkk the heart of my ae 

sister."— Joopdite Bdict, 

▲B BBABT^TREB, f. A swingle-tiee, or bar, by 

.which only one horse dmws In ploughing. Oricn. 
AB-FUB, 0. Earing aU the soil turned OTer by the 

plough in one direction. Clydes. Selkirks. 
AE-FUBrLAND, AB-rus-BBAB, «. Ground which, fh>m 

its steepness, can be ploughed only in one direction, 

or with one /Mrrow, the plough returning without 

entering the soil. Selkirks. Clydes. 
AE-HAUN'T, adj. Single-handed ; having one hand. 
AE-POINTIT-GAIBSS, ». 8edge-gms8» a species of 

carex ; single-pointed grass. lAnarks. 
AER, «. Oar. T. AiB. Stai. GUd. 
To AFATND, v. a. To attempt ; to eadsaTonr ; to 

tiy. Wallaee. — ▲. 8. afand-ia/n tentare. 
AFALD, AriiTLD, ABrAuu>, AurAVU), ErFAUU), adj. 

1. Honest ; upright ; without duplicity, 8. 2. Used to 

denote the unity of the divine essence in a trinity of 

peraons. Barboiur. — Moes. G. aii^faUk, Isl. eii\famld^ 

A. S. anfealdy simplex. Immediately from 8., a or 

oe, one, and /aid, fold. 
AFALDLY, ado. Honestly; «prightiy. BeOendm. 
AFAST, adj. Perhaps, fixed or riveted with awe. 
AFF, ado. Off, 8. JZoM.^Moes. G., Isl., So. G., 

Dan., Belg., af^ Gr. iiiro, a^\ Alom. and lAt db. 
AFF, pr^. Ttotn. off ; as denoting lineage. Bob Boy. 
AFF ai the lenot^ lunatic, deranged, 8. B. Ol. Skeriffi. 
AFF ofid on. .1. Applied to those who lodge on the 

same floor, 8. 2. Without any permanent change, 

used in relation to the sick, 8. 8. Unsteady ; tbcU- 

latlng, aa regarding conduct 
AFF and on aboiut. Pretty much about 
AFF vr on, determined one way or another, •• in regard 

to a commercial transaction, 8. 
AFF ANE'S FIT. Weakly; unfit for any work, as, 

"He'sfa'iu. <^^his/««." 
AFFCAST, 9. A oasUway. w8ni08.~From off, off, 

and case. 
AFFCOME, 9. 1. The termination .of any business ; 

the reception one meets with ; as " I had an ill aff 

oome ;" I came off with an ill grace, I was not well 

received. 2. It is also sometimes used in the sense 

of escape ; as, "A gude affcome, q. coming off,^ 8. 

An evasive excuse, hedging ; as, "A puir affcome,** 

8. Stt. G. Afkomttt reditus; from V", of, and 

homm-a, to come. 
AFFECTIOUN, t. Relationship; .consangttlnlty, or 

affinity. AeU Jo. VI. 
AFFECTUOUS, adj. Affectionate. T. XKFBcnrous. 

Abp. HamiUmm, 
AFFEIBING, ado. In relation. or proportion. Xttr 

For. V. ArrBBis, ErrBiBs, v. 
AFFER, ArBiB, ErrsiB, ErrsBB, «. 1. Condition ; state 

Barbowr. 2. Warlike preparation; equipment for 

>war. YTaUaee. 3. Appearance ; show. Barbimr. A. 

Demeanour ; deportment if aOiandP. V. Faib, Fbbb. 
AFFERD, part. pa. AfMd, 0. E. affertd, vulgar E. 

afeard. J>ougUu. — A. 8. e^faertdf territus. 
AFFERIS, BrrBiBs, «. impere. 1. Becomes ; bel<»igs 

to ; is proper or expedient ; frequentiy used in .our 

laws. .Sarbottr. 2. It sometimes signifies what is 

proportional .to, 8. Act, Gtmc— O. Fr. c|^er-tr, aj^ 

partenir, Lat. affero. 
AFF-FA'INS, i. Scraps; castings; what has fUlen 

.off. Sw. cufaUo, to fall off. 
AFFGATE, V. A mode of dlspotfng of, an ouUet ; 

applied to merohaudise ; an affgaie tot goods. Loth. ; 

periiaps rather affgtt., q. to get off. 
AFF-HAND, adj. Plain ; honest ; Uunt ; glreu to 

free speaking, 8. a^4iaMd An^. 



AFF-HAND, adv. Withoiit premeditation ; forth- 
with ; without delay, S. JZavuay. 
A7FLUFE, An Loor, ado. 1. Withoat book ; off 
hand. To repeat off hift^ to deliyer merely from 
memory, without having a book or notes, 8. 2. Ex- 
tempore, without premeditatton, 8. Ramtay. &. 
Forthwith ; out of hand. From S; aJSFi off, and luft, 
the palm of the hand; 
AFFORDELL, adj. Altre ; y«fc remaining. T. FoaraL. 
AFFPUT, c. Delay, or pretence for delaying, 8. 
AFFPX7TTINO, nkj: ]>elayrng ; triiling ; dilatory, 

puUitiff nf^t &. 
AFFRAY, $. Fear ; terror ; Ckaueeri id. — Fr. ojfre, 

^roif terrenr: Sarbowr: 
AFFROITLIS, adv. Affilghtedly.— Fr. effny-eTf to 

frighten. i>0ttcrla«. 
AFFRONT, «. Difigrace; shame, 8. ^»^rutAno< on 

To AFFRONT, o. a. To disgrace ; to put to shame, S. 
AFFRONTED, par: adj. Haring done anything that 

exposes one to shame, 8. 
AFFRONTLESS, adj. Not susceptiUe of disgrace or 

shame. Aberd. 
AFFSET, i. It Dismission ; the act of putting away, 
8. 3. An excuse ; a pretence, 8. Jtou. — Moea. O. 
tUfxat^janj amovere. 
AFFSIDE, i. The farther side of any object, 8. 8u. 

O^. ajWckt, seorsum. 
AFFTAK, g. A piece of wsgglshneas, tending to ex- 
pose one to ridleolc. Fife. 
AFFTAKIN, «. The habit ov act of taking off, or ex- 
posing otherii to ridicule. Fife. 
A9LAUQHT, Ml». Ijingflat Rexb. T. FLAUOHnaia 
AFLOCHT, Afloucot, part. pa. Agitated ; in a 

flatter, 8. V. Flocht. Bellenden. 

AFORB-FIT, A'Foac-nT, adv. Indiscriminately ; all 

without exception. Upp. Clydea. ; q. all before the 


AF0R6ATN, prep. Opposite to ; the same with Foaa- 

OAiXBTt q, T. Barbour* — ^A. 8. on/araih ante, coram, 

and gean, contm ; on being changed into a in 8. and 

E., as ontpeir into away. Foran ongean, ex adTerso. 

AFORN£Na,jn-qi. Opposite to. Y.FoaatmiT. Wffn- 

AFRIST, ad9> la a state of delay ; on credit. V. 

Fain, «. 
AFTEN, adv. Often. 8. Banuay. AaS. aeft, itenun. 
AFTER ANE, adv. Alike ; In the same manner ; in 

one form, S. i. e. aj^ one 
AFTERCAST, «. Consequence ; effect ; what may 
ensue ; as, "He durstca do't for fear o' the after- 
eatt.'* Roxb. 
AFTER-CLAP, t. Sril consequence, 8. 01. Sibb. 
AFTERCOME, s. Consequence ; what comet a^ter. 

South of & 
AFTERCUMMBR^ «. A successor. LM. Ja. V. 
AFTERG AIT, adj 1. Proper ; fitting. 2. Tolerable ; 

moderate. Roxb. 
To AFTERGANO, v. n. To follow. Boss. AS. 

aefUrgan^ subsequi. 

AFTERUEND, ado. Afterwards. V. EfTiBHBimb 

AFTERINQ8, Arr'aixs, «. pL, 1* The last milk drawn 

from a cow. 6L Lancash. 2. The remainder, in a 

moro general sense ; as, " The aff rins o^ a feast." 

East of Fife. 8. Consequence. Ayrs. R. OiXhaite. 

AFTEBSUPPER, $. The intemd between supper and 

bedtime. Lanarks. V. Foavuppn. 
AFTSRWALD, «. That diTiaion of a faim oalled Oot- 
fleU. Oalthn. 

AFWARD, ado. Off; away from. Renfr. A. Wilson. 

AGAIN, cdv. At another time ; usied indoflnitcly. 
B^. Dalton. 

To AGAIN-CALL, v* a. 1. To revoke ; to recall. 2. 
To oppose, to gainsay ; sj as to put in a legal bar in 
cowl tothe execution of a sentence. 8yn. Falsx, v. 
Pari. JA. Ill, 

AGAINCALLING, a Rteall ; revocation . Barry's Ork. 

AGAYNE, AoAiTB, prep. Against, 8. Waverley, 
Wyntown. — A.S. gean^ agen^ ongean^ Su. G. gen^ 
igen, Isl. gegn, gen, contta. 

AGAIN-GEYIN, s. Restoration. 

AG AIRY. Jo Go Aqaixt. To leave one*s service be- 
fore the term-day. Orkn. 

AG AIT, adv. Astir; on the way or road. T. Gait. 
Wallace. — A in the sense of on^ and gait, a way. 

AG AIT WARD, AoAiTWAian, adv.. 1. On the road, 
used in a literal sense. 2. In a direction towards ; 
referring to the mind. 

To AGANE-SAY, v. a. To recall. "Revoke and agane- 
say." Aberd. Reg. 

A'-GATES, adv. Eveiywhrre ; air ways. Antiquary. 
y. Aloait. 

AOATIS, adt. In one 'nra^, uniformly, Barbour.— A 
one, and gatis the plur. orgenit. of A.S. gat, a way. 

AGEB, A-Jkb, adv. 1. To one side, 8. To look agye^ 
to look aside, Ol. Torks. Ramsay. 2. A-Jar, a liule 
open, 8. Bums. 3. Deranged in mind ; as " His 
brain was a wee opee." From a, on. and jee, to move, 
to turn. 

To AGENT V. a To manage, whefber In a court of 
law, or by interest, 8. BaUlie. 

To AOGREGS, AooaaAnoa, v. a. To aggiavate ; to in- 
erease ; to enhance. Acts of Assembly. Fr. aggr^' 
ger, id. 

To AGGRISE, v. a. To affright ; to fill with horror. 
Agryst, Chaucer, to shudder, to make to shudder. 
Douglas. A. 8. agrysan, horrere. Y. Garis. 

AGGIE, t. Abbreviation of the name Agnes, 8. B. 

AGLEE, AoLST, A-olt, ado. Off the right line ; obli- 
quely ; wroug, 8. Bums. V. Glbt. 

AGNAT, AoHATB, Agmbt, s. The nearest paternal re- 
lation. Chalmerif Life of Mary. Lat. agnati. 

AGREATION, s. Agreement, F. AcU Cha. I. 

AGREEANCB, «. Agreement Spalding. 

A^rRUFE, ado.- In a flat or grovelling position, S. 
V. Gbufb. 

AOWET, s. The name anciently given to the hill on 
which the castle of Edlnbuigh stands. Hardyng. — 
Conr. from C. B. Agned, Castel mynyd Agned ; per- 
haps, q. "the castle of the rifted mount," oaen, 
signifying a cliff, o^eniad, id. agenedig, rifted. 

AHECHIE, interj. An exclamation uttered in ludi- 
crous contempt Loth. Y. Hbch, Hboh. 

AHIN, ado. Behind. Aberd. 

AHIND, AniMT,prep. and ado. 1* Behind, in respect 
of place, 8. Buchan Poems: 2. Late, after, as to 
time, 8. 8. Applied to wliat remains, or is left, 8. 
Rots. A. S. hindanf post^ oet- At'ndatt, a tergo, on- 
hinder, retrorsum. 

To Comb ib Amai^ one. To take advantage of one, 8. 
Rob Roy. 

To Bn OK Abist one. To get the advantage of one in 
a baigain, to take him in, 8. 

AHOMEL, ado. Turned upside down ; applied to a 
vessel whose bottom is upwanl. Roxb. From a for 
on, and i^uhemUj q. v. 

AY, ado. StUl ; to this time ; a^ '* He's ay Uving," 
he is itiU aUve, S. 




AICH. t. Echo, 8. B. 

To AIOH, V. n. To echo. Olydot. 

AICUER ((full.) «. A hMd of oftU or baricj. Oikn. 

T. EOHBft. 

ATCHT. «. Aa oath AherdL Beg. T. Atbi. 
AICUUS, HiiOHus. (fi^Ut.) i. A heayy fall caiuing 

strong respiration ; apparentlj from Ukoh. Moams. 
AIDLE-UOLB, «. A hole into which the urine of 

cattle is allowed to run from their stahles or byrea. 

Ayrs. V. Aoill, Aodli. 
AID-MA JOB, s. Apparently equivalent to English 

A7KN, t. A term applied to a beast of the herd, of 

one year old ; also to a child. Buchan. Pron. as 

S. aye. 
AYEll, «. An itinerant court Act. Audit, 
AIXRIS, t. pi, lieirs ; suocedson in inheritanoe. 

Act' DoM. Oonc 
AIFER, t. An old term In Ettr. For. for the exhala- 
tions which arise from the ground in a warmi sunny 

day. Isl. a^t hot, fierce, kindling. 
AIG ARS, t. Grain dried very much in a pot, for be- 
ing ground in a quem or hand-mill, S. B. — Moes. O. 

dkran^ Su. O. aker, Isl. akuff com ; A. 8. aecer, an 

ear of com. Hence, 
AIOAB-MEAL, t. Meal made of grain dried in this 

manner. 8. 
AIGAB-BBOSE, t. A sort of pottage made of this 

metU, 8. 
To AIOH, V. a. To owe ; to be indebted. Aiahandj 

owing, 8. B.— 8u. O. aeo-a, Isl. eio-Ot debere ; Moes. 

O. aio-Mh A. 8. ao-ant habere, possidero. 
AIOHINS, i, pi. What ii owing to one, eepedally 

used as denoting demerit When one threatens to 

correct a child who is in fault, it is a common expres- 
sion, "I'll gie you your aiohinif" B. B.—Moos. G. 

aiffifU, possession. 
To AIGHT, SoHT, V. a. 1. To owe ; to be Indebted. 

S. To own ; to bo the owner of. Abcid. Bynun. 

Auckt. T. AiOB. 
AIGLET, «. 1. A tagged point. €fl. SOb, S. A 

Jewel in one's cap. Gl. 8ibb. Jr. eaguOette, id. q. 

AIURB, od;. Soar. 
AIK, Atk, t. The oak, 8. Plur. akit, oaks.— Hotv 

2<u. A. 8. ae, aee, Alem., Germ, eicke, 8a. G. efc. 

Id. eik, quercus. 
AIKEN, AiKix, a4j. Of or belonging to oak ; oaken. 

Aeti Mary. 
AIRER, t. The motion, break, or morement, made 

in the water by a fish when swimming npidly. 

Roxb. Synon. Svawt Isl. ioefc-o, continue ogitare. 
AIKElilT, part. a^j. Eared ; weU aikertt haying full 

ears ; applied to grain, Twvedd. Pron. yaikerL Y . 


AIKIE-GUINBAB, i. A name giren by children to 
small flat shells, bleached by the sea. If earns. 

AIKIT, pret. Owed. Aberd. Beg, 

AIKllAW, t. Pitted warty lichen, L. scrobiculatns. 
Linn. South of 8. Y. Stavxiuw. Ligktfoot, 

AIKSNAG, «. The broken bough of an oak. T. 

AYLE, «. 1. A projection fh)m the body of a church, 
one of the wings of the transept, 8. 2. An enclosed 
and covered burial place, adjoining to a church, 
though not forming part of it, 8. Spalding. — Moes. 
G. and A. 8. olA, templum. 

AIUCKSY, I. The bridegroom's man; he who at- 
tends on the brid^n^KMn. or la employed as his mes- 

•eng«r at a wedding, Ang.— So. G. c, mantafe, and 
ladeey, Vr. lacquay, a runner. 
AILIN, «. Sickness ; aUment 8. 
AILSIS, «. AbbreT. of the fonala namo Alison ; aa, 

Ailsie Gourlay. Bride Lam. 
AIN, adf. Own, 8. V. Awix. 
AINCB, AixsT, oilti. Once. T. Abts. 
AINCIN, adv. 1. Once. 2. Fairly ; a% *' Hell ride 
Tery weel, gin he were aindn to the road," i. e. tMirlj 
set agoing. Ettr. For. 
AYND, EvD, t. The breath ; also written end ; ▲. Bor. 

Taru, id. Barbour. Isl. Bn. G. ande, A. & end, 
halitus, spiritos. 
To AYND, AiKDR, Eixn, v. «. 1. To draw in and throw 
out the air by the longa. 2. To expire, without in- 
cluding the idea of inspimtlon; to breathe npon. 
Abp. UamUUmn. 8. To blow u^ion, as denoting the 

action of the air. JSeUenden.— Isl. andro, Bo. G. 

and-a»^ respirare. 
AYNDING, «. The act of breathing, Dmtglat. 
AYNDING-STEDE, «. A breathing-place. DougUu, 
AYNDLESSE, ad^. Breathless, out of breath. Bar- 

AIN LIE, OifJ. Familiar; not eoftxanged Belklrka. 

8yn. Innerly. 
AIMS, adv. Once. V. Axis. 
AIN8ELL, f. Own self ; used as a c, 8. 
AY QUUAIR, ado. WhcreNoerer. AeUJa.L A. 8. 

oAteor, ubicunque. 
AIR, f. Expl. **luilr, used for a thing of no iralae." 

Bannatyne Poems. — ^IsL aar, the «"«*"«<«t thing 

To AIR. To taste ; to take a small quantity. Orkney. 
AIR, i. A sand-bank. Orkney, BhetUnd. 
AIR, Ara, An, Aax, adv. 1. Before ; formetijr. 

irollacs. 2. Early. Fell air, very early in the 

morning. Airett compar. ; aireetf super!. Wyn- 

town. Are morrow, early in the morning. Deuglat. 

—Moss. G. airt A. B. aer, Alem. er, fielg. esr, ante, 

prius ; also tempus matutinam. 
AIR, adj. Eariy, 8. Jvum. Land. 
AIR, AiRB, An, Aran, As, «. An oar ; stOl used, 8. 

B. WaHaee.-^A, B. Alem. ore, lal. cMsr, Dan. oere, 

Su. G. ara. 
AIR, AiEX, Ate, «. An boir. ilar&ottr.>-lXoes. G. 

aii>ij Bu. G. arf, Lat Aocret, id. 
AIR, Atbs, Ate, t. An itinerant court of Justice ; E. 

Byre. Lat. ««r, 0. Fr. eire, 
AIRCH, AiEOB, (gtUt.) adv. Scarcely ; seantly ; as, 

"That meat's airch dune." Loth.— A. 8. earh, 

tarklice, remisse. 
AIRCH, Abch, i. An aim. Aberd. Boxb. 
Tt> AIRCII, (pron. A irttk) v. n. To take aim ; to throw 

or let fly any missile or weapon with detf gn to hit a par- 
ticular object. Roxb. Abcrdeens. It is not con- 
fined to shooting with a bow, though, perhaps derirod 

ft-om ArdUTt E. a bowman, a marksman. 
ARCHER, t. A marksman. Aberdeen. 
AIBEL, «. An old name for a flute, or a reed pipe, or 

other wind instrument. 
AIBGH, a4j. Hollow ; and used when anything Is 

wanting to make up the level. Ettr. For.— A. 8. 

earh, earhlioe, remisse. V. Eaon, Aeqh, v. 
ToAIRGH, V. n. To hesitate; to be reluctant, S 

Wint. Bv. Talet. 
AIR-YE8TERUAY, ». The day before yesterday 

Banffs. V. HxEa-TKsrxRDAT. 
AIR-YESTREEN, «. The night before last ^Mloway 

V. as above. ^ 



ATRISH, adj. Chilly, S. 

AI&N, «. Iron, 8. Ainu, pi. fetton^lBL iam. So. 
G. iem. T. Iakb 

7(9 AI&N, «L a. To amoofch; to dren with «n iron. 
jl<n»'d, ironed. 

AIBNSSSffl. ThffftafeeoflMiagMriy. 8. 

AIRNSk «. pL Vetter^ 8. V. lun. 

ATB8CHIP, «. InhexitUKn, 8. ^ete J'a. ///. 8w. 
mr/deap, Id. 

AI&T, AST, AsTB, AiBTH, «. 1. Quarter of the heaven ; 
point of the compasa, 8. Dmtol4Mi. 2. A particiilar 
quarter of the earth. Wallace. 8. On every art, on 
ovezy hand, on all sides. Pougloi. — Oad. adrdf a 
eardlAal point; Qemi. orC, wart; Belg. oordc, a place 
or quarter; Id. wr<» Moes. G. wairths, Tersaa^ to- 

T» AIBT, Abt, Bkt. v. a. 1. To direct; to maxk out 
n cortain coarse ; used with respect to the wind, as 
blowing from a particular quarter, 8. Law Cfoie. 2. 
To give direction or instructioD, in order to find out 
a certain poraon or place, or aoy other object, 8. Sir 
J. Sindair. 

To AI&T onf9,a. To orge forward, pointing out the 
proper course. Danidiam. 

To ATRT out. To discorer after diligent search ; as, 
** I airtU him out" 

AIBT and PART. Y. Abt. 

ATSTAMSNT, t. Y. AisMnr. 

AISLAIB, a4i- Polished ; applied to freestone finely 
wrought. Alp. HamiUoun. 

AISLA&-BANK, «. Bocky banlE, like ashlar work. 

AI8MKNT, AiBTAimR', t. Used in the same sense 
with E. etuenunti as denoting assistance, accommo- 
dation. — Fr. aiumentf commodum. Stat. Bdbert I. 

AIT, t. A custom ; a habit : especially a bad one. 
Meams. — IsL oeefe, acd<, id- 

ATT, Oat, or Oaten ; for it may be viewed either as a «. 
In a state of coostnictlon, or as an adlj. Y. Aixs. 

AITBN, «. A partridge. Perhaps aU4tettf the fowl 
that feeds among the oats 

AITEN, adj. Oaten, 8. Bitson, 

AIT-PABLE, «. A cake of oat-bread. Y. Pasls. 

AITH or AIFTLAND. t. That kind of land caUed in- 
JMdj which was made tocarry oats a second timeafter 
barley, and had received no dung. Ang.— Perhaps 
trom A. 8. atft^ iterua. 

AITH, Atthb, «. An oath. Y. Athi. 

AITH-HENNB8, f. pi. ApparenUy, heaA4um, as 
being bred on the heath. Skene. 

AITLIFF CBAP, «. In the old husbandry, the crop 
after bear or barley. Ayrs. Y. Baia-LBAVB. 

AITS, «.p{. Oats, 8. Wild Aits, bearded oat grass, 
8. Avena fatna, £«ni».— A.8. ata, ate, avena. 

AITSEED, «. Oat-sowing. 2. Season of oat-sowing. 

Acta Jo. ri. Y. BBAa-SBBD. 

AIYER, t. A he-goat, after he has been gelded. 

TUl then he is denominated a buck ; a horse. 

AIYERIB, o^f. Yery hungry. Bosh, nearly obsolete. 

Y. TavutT. 
AIXUAN, t. A hewer of wood. SutherL One who 

carries a battle-axe. Pitecottie, 
AIX-TRE, t. An azletree, 8. Y. Az^VEO. 
AIZLE, t. A hot ember. Y. EiUL. 
AKTN, ad^. Oaken. Douglat- 
ALAOnST, t. Su^eioh. Y. Aixaoubt. 
ALAIC^^ adv. Below, in respect of situation, as com- 

pared with another place. Selkirks. Prom on and 

lai(^ low. 
ALAIS, «. j>2. Alleys. Walloce. 
ALAK, WaZlaee. Y. Lak. 
ALAKANES,, inter}. Alas. Ayrs. Pidten. 
ALAMONTI, Aliomotti, «. The storm finch, a fowl. 

Procellaria pelagica, Z^nn. Oikn. The same with 

the AisHao of St Kilda. AUamoUi is the proper 

pronundaUon. IfeHl. — ItaL aki, a wing, and noto, 

ALANE, Allabb, o^/- Alone, 8. VTynfoton.— Alem. 

alain, Gkrm. cUlein, alone; from oU, omnis, and 

ain, ein, unos. 
ALANERLIE, a<2o. Y. Allabbblt. 
ALANQ, Alakos, pr^. Along. So. O. Uumfft, id. 
ALAREIT. Y. Labiit. 
ALARS. AUtn yet, apparently, the gate overspread 

with alder. Police Hon. — ^A. S. air, Alem. eUra, the 

alder ; So. Gt. alar, of or belonging to the alder-tree. 
ALASTER, AunKB, «. Abbreviatfon of the name 

Alexander. Spalding, Jacobite Seliet. 
ALAYOLEE, adv. At random. Y. Allavoub. 
ALA WE, adv. Downward ; below. Y. Law, Lawb. 
ALBLASTRIE. t. Apparently, the exercise of the 

cross-bow. Y. AWBLASTBB. 

ALBUIST. eof^. Though ; albeit Ang. Boat. 
ALCOMTE, s. Latten, a kind of mixed metal still used 

for spoons. Hence, Acoomie tpunet, spoons made of 

alchymy, 8. B. Y. Lattoub. Douglas.— Prom Pr. 

aiquemie, or O. E. alchymy. 
ALD, ALUS, AuLD, at^. 1. Old, 8. Torks. 0. E. aid. Id. 

Wyntown. 2. What Is deemed unreasonable ; as, 

" Hero's an aiuld wark about naething.** — ^A. 8. eald, 

Alem. alt, vetus ; derived f^om A. 8. ealdrian, to 

remain, to stay, to last Alem. alten, to prolong. 
" AuLD TO DO ;" a great fuss or pother. 
AuLD 8AIBS. The renewing of old party qna*Tels is 

called "the ripping up o' atUdtairs," i. e. old sores. 
ALDAT, adv. In continuation. Tout alU-da4fe, 

ALDERMAN, t. Old term for a mayor in 8. burghs. 

ALEDE, s. A rule. 7c^ olede, each rale. Sir Trittrem. 

— ^A. 8. malaed-an, to lead. 
ToALEGE, V. a. To absolve from allegiance.— Pr. 

alleff-er, id. Wyntown. 
ALENTH, adv. On lengUi ; far length. 1. To come 

alentk, to arrive at maturity. 2. To gae far alenth, 

to go great lengths. 8. To be far alenih, to be far 

advanced, to make great progress, 8. B. 
ALERON. Meaning doubtM. 
ALEUIN, adj. Eleven. Ckmplayni S. 
ALGAIT, Alqatb, Aloatis, adv. 1. Every way. 2. 

At all events ; by all means. Douglas. — O. E. all 

gate, R. Brunne ;. aU gates, Chaucer. Prom all, and 

gait, or gatis, 1. e. all ways. 
ALHALE, Albalilt, adv. Wholly; entirely. Douglas. 

Prom aU, and hale, haH, whole. 
ALT A, ALU A, Ally A, Allat,«. 1. Alliance. Wallace. 

2. An ally. Acts Ja. 71. 8. Sometimes used as a 

plural noun, signifying allies. Belltnden.—lit. aUie, 

witli a Saxon termination. 
ALIAY, Allta, s. Alliance. Acts Ja. 17, 
ALTAND, part, pr. Keeping close together. WaX- 

laee.—JfT. aUi-er, to Join, to knit 
To ALTCHT, v. a. To enlighten. Dougku.-^A. & 

alyht-an, illuminare ; alyht-nysse, Illuminatio. 
ALIE, s. Abbrev. of a man's name ; also of Alison ; 

at times Elle. 




lb ALU, V. a. To tihwiflh ; to nvne ; to petdo. BheU. 

— Isl. al-a, alere. 
ALISNARB, $. A itnnger. Dmialat.— Lat dUen^iu. 
ALIMENT, V. The fond for mainteiuuice which the 

law allows to certain peraona, S. Srtk. Inst. 
To ALIMSNT, *. a. To giTC a legal support to an- 
other. BdViLawDieL 
ALISON, «. A shoemaker*! awL Bhetl. Y. Eurv. 
ALIST. To come alUt To recoyer from (klntneat or 

decay, applied both to animals and regetables ; to 

recoTer from a swoon, 8. B. Bon.—ItL lioi, light ; 

alioit, the dawn of day ; at koma i lioti, to make 

ALYTB, adv. AUlUe. T. Lmi. XyiuZray. 
ALL, ifUerj. Ah ; alas. Poemt SixteeiUh Cent 
ALL, AT ILL, ado. On the whole. DougUu. 
ALLAGBUOQUS, adlj. Grim, ghastiy & B. Joum, 

XotuL— Perhaps from all, Hoes. Q. aUa, and gruotu^ 

ghastty, q. T. 
ALLAOUST, M. Suspicion. Joum. Lond. 2. Di^nst. 

Ql. Shirr. — ^Fr. a le goftut, has a taste or smack. 
To ALLAYA, «. a. To ally. ComplaytU S.—tt. 

aUi^, id. 
ALLAKEY, «. An attending serrant ; a lackey. Acts 

Jo. VI. 
ALLANBBLT, ALAnftUB, ad^. Sole; only. Bd- 

ALLANEELIB, Alaiteslt, Allbhablt, adv. Only; 

solely, S.— Trom oti, and anerly, only. Beg. MaJ. 

ALL ANYB^ adv. Together; In a state of onion. 

ITaZkws.— From ali^ A. 8. eall, and anei, the genit 

of an, nnna, q. all of one. 
ALLAB, Allbb, «. The alder, a tree, 8. Staiist. Aoe. 
ALLABI8, ALLsaig. Common ; oniyersal, an old 

genitive osed adJeetlTely. — 0. E. aire, id. WjftUown. 

— A. S. aUera, genit pi. of ott, omnls. Belg. oiler, 

id. y. Allkb. 
ALLA-YOLIE, Allk-Youi, ado. At random, S.~Fr. 

d la voUe. PkiMus. 
ALLA-YOLIE, ALLB-YoLn, adj. Giddy ; Tolatile ; 

" An alU-volie chidd," a yolatUe fellow, S. 
To ALLEGE, v. n. To advise ; to counsel. BdUnden. 

L. B. aUeg-utref mandatis instruere. 
To ALLEGXi v. a. To oonflrm.-7-Lu B. aUeo-artj 

ALLEGIANCE, Allbobakob, f. Allegation. Act 

ALLEIN, adj. Alone, S. B. Genn. id. Y. Alaxb. 
To ALLEMAND, v. a. To conduct in a formal and 

courtly style. Ayrs. Ann. of the Par. 
ALLE-MEN, a^;. Common ; universal. Popul. Ball. 
' — Su. G. aU-maen, communis, Teut aUe-mani omnls 

homo^ al-ghemeyn, universus. 
ALLEB, adv. Wholly ; entirely ; altogether. AlUr- 

kale^ a pleonasm. Barbour.^0. E. aldcTf Id. often 

prefixed to a superlative. Y. Allabib. 
ALI^BIS, f . pL The same with Allabib. Ikmglat. 
ALLEBI8H, a4j. ChlUy ; rather cold ; as an ** aUerish 

morning," a aneU morning. Teviotd. Y. Elbisohb, 

ALLEYIN, part. pa. Allowed ; admitted. Bannaiyne 

Poemt.—A. S. aUf-an, concedere, permittere.— Su. G. 

la/vhOt Moes. G. laulhjan, id. 
ALLIA. Y. Alta. 
ALLYNS, adv. 1. Altogether; thoroughly. Oawan 

and Ool. 2. More willingly; rather. Selkirks.— 

Su. G. alUtnffUf aUaenffUt A. L. aUingOt eaUenga, 

omnlno, prorsua. 

ALLI8TBB, adj. Bane ; in one's right mind, Teviotd. 
Perhaps allied toAli^q. y. 

ALLKYN, Alkib, o^;. All kind jtf, Avf kin kind, 8. 
B. Dougla$.—A.. 8. eall<]fn, omnigenus. Y. Kib. 

To ALLOCATE, «. a. To apportion the sums due by 
each landholder in an augmentation of a minister's 
stipend, 8. Synon. to Local. Erik. IneU 

ALLOYEB, prq9. Over and above. CuUoden Papert. 

ALL OVT, adv. In a great degree ; beyond compari- 
son. Barbour. 

To ALLOW, V. a. 1. To approve of, generally with the 
prep, (/sufcjoined. BoUode. 3. To praise, to com- 
mend. Douglas.— ¥t. allovher, to approve, 8u. G. 
lo/w-a, laudare. 

ALLOWANCE, f. Approbation. Bottodk. 

ALL0W8S, V. a. To loose ; to release from. Aberd. 
Beg.^A. 8. alys-an, liberare. 

ALLPUIST, API BUT, API BOB, cot^. Although, S. B. 
aMes. Loth. Joum, Land. Perhaps coir, from 

ALLRYN, a^. Constantly progressive, applied to 
time. B<xrbaur.—A. 8. aU, omnia, and rinn-an^ 
cnzrere, to flow, to run. 

ALLSTRYNE, Allstbbbb, a4f. Ancient MaiOand 
Poeme.—A. 8. aid, old, and ifrynd, generation, or 
ttryn-an, to beget 

ALLTHOCUTE, oofi;. Although. DOti^Iot.— A. 8. aU 
all, and thohU, part pa. q. " eveiythlng thought of, 
or taken into consideration." Y. Tboort. 

ALLUTEBLIB^ ALrrrBBiT, adv. Wholly; entirely. 
DougUu.—k. 8. all, omnia, and uter, utter, exterior, 
from sC, extra. 

ALL-WEILDAND, m^. All-governing. Wallaee.— 
A. 8. all, all, and «wald-an, to govern ; Franc 
aUuualt, Isl. aU-valdur, omnipotent 

ALMAIN, t. The (German language. O. Fr. Aleman, 
AUeman, id. Cotgr, 

ALMANIE WHISTLE, a flageolet of a Teiy small 
sice, used by children, Abeid. Thus denominated, 
because whistles of this kind were origiBaUy imported 
from Almanie, i. e. Germany. 

ALMABK, t. A beast accustomed to break fences. 
Shea. Peihaps one that overleaps all markt or 

ALMASBR, ALXOBBra, t. An almoner, or dispenser of 
alms. 2H*fi6ar.— From Almotu, alms. 

ALMEBIE, Almobi b, «. Anciently a place where alna 
were deposited or distributed ; in later times used to 
denote a press or cupboard, where utensils for house- 
keeping are laid up ; the same with S. amibry, Jhu^ 
bar.—O. E. almery, a place to put meat in ; 0. Fr. 
almoire, aumaire; A. & almerige, repositorium, 

ALMONS, AucoBia, f. Alms. Bil/owr't Praet.—O. 
Fr. atUmotne, id. 

ALMOUS, Auiowa, Auhis, 9. Alms, 8. Almeaoe, 
O. E. WynUrnn. So late as the reign of James lY. 
licenses were granted by the several universities to 
some poor students to go through the country beefing, 
in the ssme manner as the jwor scfcolart belonging to 
the Church of Bume do to this day in Ireland. 
Among those designated " ydiU and Strang beggarls," 
are reckoned — "all vagabonndis scollaris of the 
miuersiteis ct Sanctandrois, Glasgow, and Ablrdene, 
not liceneU be the rector and dene of faeultie of the 
vniuersitie to ask almous." AcU Jo. VJ. 1674, Ed, 
1614, p. 67.— A. 8. alaneM, almesse; Sw. otmoia; Gr 

ALMOUSSKB) t. Almoner. Aett Jo. VL 




ALMOWB, t. Almoner. Mem. i^Dr. SpotUtwood. 
AJLOFT, adv. EquiTBlent to Mp, as referring to a state 

of warflure. ChUhrjf't Mem. 
ALOUB, «i a. To release. Aberd. Sea. T. Allows. 
AIX)W, prqp. and adv. Below. Ettr. for. 
A-LOW, adff. On fire; in a biasing state, & The 

To Qamq A-low, to take fire ; or to be set on fire, S. 

Tennantt Card. Beaton. 
ALOWX&, ALOwia, adv. All oyer. CoU. InverUoHei. 
ALPS, «. An elephant. Alpea bon^ ivory. Ol. Com- 

pUifni 5.— A. 8. dp, Lat ei^pkroi; Heb. alapk, bos. 
ALQTJHAREf All Qubari, adv. Everywhere. 

Jkmoloi' — From aJl, and qukare, where. 
ALBT, odi. Vor its different senses, Y. Elbiscbi. 
ALBYNE, t. Apparently a watch-tower, or the high- 
est part of a castle. MaiUand Poems. — Su. G. 

kall-a, defendere, kaUare, praesldium, hailarena, 

ALB, eot^. As ; gienerslly employed in the first part 

of a comparison ; "Alt fen as a lyoon." i. e, ** As 

fierce as a lion." Wattatce.—Vzom A. B. eaUes, 

omnino ; or eaU two. Ita, tarn. 
ALS, Alsb, adv. Also ; In the same manner. T. Sua, 

Amua. Barbour.^JL. S. edU sicmi, etiam, 
AISAMB, Alsaxkh, adv. Altogether. Jhugla*. — 

from A. 8. eaUj all, and samej together. Alem. 

oZsomen, simnl. 
AUHINDEB, «. Alexander, a plant, 8. Smyminm 

olnsatnun, Linn. 
AISXEKLB, adv. As moch. Jlcti Ja, J.— From ols, 

and mticlCf moch, great. 
AL80MB, adv. Au sovi, with at subjoined. Barbour. 

—Properly ols, as, and tone, soon, A. 8. eall twa 

AleSAFEB, adv. In as far. Aberd. Beg. 
AL8UA, adv. Also, harbour.— A. 8. olmoo, id. T. 

Alb, adv. 
AI£WTTH, adv. Forthwith. Barbour.— From oU, 

and stm'A, qnickly, q. r. 
ALUNT, adv. A-blase ; in a blazing state. Boirt). 
To SsT Aluxt. 1. To pat in a blase. 2. MeUph. to 

kindle ; to make to blase, 8* 
ALI7TTEBLT, adv. Y. Allutsblib. 
ALWAIES, Alwayis, eonj. Although ; notwithstand- 
ing ; however. Bellenden. 
AM AILLB, t. Enamel. Kinfft Quair.—O. E. ammeZ, 

id. Fr. Belg. email, Dan. amd ; Teat, mael-en, 

pingere, A. 8. mad, imago. 
AMAI8T, adv. Almost, 8. oineaif, WestmoreL Xott. 

— A. 8. ealmaat, Belg. almeeti, id. 
AMALYBIT, pari. pa. Enamelled. 
AMAMG, AxAKOiB, prtp. 1. Among ; amanff, 8. West- 
morel. Wyntown. 2. At intervals, occasionally. 

Barbour.— A. 8. menff-an, 8a. G. maengni, Isl. 

1llefH^a, to mix, to blend. 
AMANG HAND8, adv. In the meantime. 8. 0. The 

AMANISS, prep. Among, for omanQit. Ad. Audit. 
AJfBABSATE, Ambassiat, s. 1. An embassy, as de- 
noting the persons sent considered collectively. 

Douglat. 2. Also used for a single person.— Fr. 

amboMtadef id. 
AMBAXAT, «. Embassy' •^ct. Jhm. Cone. Y. Ax- 


AMBBY, AvBT, f. A press in which the provision for 
the daily ase of a family in the ooantxy is locked np, 
8. Spalding. Y. Almbbib. 

AMBUTIOUN, s. Ambition. BeOeiMieii. 

2b AMBISB, AxBBB, Axbtbs, «. a. To mitigate ; to 

appease. Barbonr. — ^Franc, megt-an, Germ, matt-en, 

moderarl, mitigare ; 0. B. matw, soft. 
AMEITTIB, t. pi. Ameit denotes the amiet, the first 

or nndeimost part of a print's habit, over which he 

wears the alb. — Fr. amid, L. B. amid-tu, amice. 
AMEL, t. Enamel. Hogg. Y. Axaillb. 
AHENE, ae^. Pleasant. Jhuglat.—lAt. omoen-ut, 

AM EEAND, adj' Green ; verdant ; probably written 

ameraud. Douglat. — ^From the coloar of the emerald, 

Fr. emeraud. 
To AlfEBGIAT, v. a. To fine ; to amerce, ^ctt C^. 

/.—Lat. part, amerciat-ut. 
AMEBIS,' AcXBBS, t. pi. Embers ; cwmers, 8. B. 

Vouglat. — ^A. 8. aemyria, Belg. am^ren, Isl. eimyria, 

favilla, a hot ember, white ashes. 
AMYDWABT, j)rep. In or toward the midst of . Doug- 
AMYBALB, Axtball, «. An admiral. Wyntoton.— 

Fr. amiriu ; Arab, amir, a lord, ameer al omroA, 

prince of the princes. 
To AMIT, «. a. To admit. WaXLace. 
AHITAN, t. A fool, or mad person, male or female ; 

one yielding to excess of anger. Damfr. — C. B. ameik 

denotes a fall are. 
AMITE, «. An ornament which Boman Catholic canons 

or priests wear on their arms when they say mass. 

Hay^t Scotia Sacra.— O. E. amesf, amioe, amiet, id. 

Y. Ambittis. 
AMMELYT, part. pa. Enamelled. Douglat.—Vr. 

emaiU-er, L. B. amayl-are, id. 
To AMMONYSS, «. a. To admonish ; to counsel ; to 

exhort. Y. Monbbtino. Barbour. 
AM0BEIDI8, t. pH. Emeralds. CkM. Inventoriet. 
AMOBETTIS, t. pit. Love-knots ; garlands. King't 

Quair. — ^Fr. amoureUet, love-tricks, dalliances. Cotgr, 
To AMOYE, Ajcow, «. a. To move with anger, to vex, 

to excite. Wffntown. Fr. — emowH>ir, id. 
AMOUB, t. Love. Douglat. — Fr. id. Lat. amor. 
AMFLEFEYST, t. 1. A sulky humour ; a tenn applied 

both to man and beast. 2. A fit of spleen. 8. Un- 

necessaiy talk, perhaps showing a discontented dis- 

positi(m. It is sometimes pronounced Wimpiefeyd. 

Boxb. Loth. If ioimplefeyd is the original form, It 

might be traced to Isl. wambUl, abdomen, and fyt, 

flatos, pedltus, tmmfyt^ pedere. 
AMPLIACIOUN, «. Enlaxgement. Bellenden.- Fr. 

ompIiaMon, id. 
AMPTMAN, s. The governor of a fort Monr&t 

Exped. — ^Dan. ombf-mand, seneschal, castellan, con- 
stable, keeper of a castle. From Dan. ombd, an oiBce. 
AMBY, t, A sort of cupboani. Y. Avmbib. 
AMSGHACH, «. A misfortune, 8. B. Bote, Ir. and 

Gael, antkogh, adversity, misery. 
AMSIIACK, t. Noose ; fastening ; probably the same 

with Ham-BHACKbl, q. V. 01. Sibb. 
To AMTJFF, V. a. To move ; to excite. Adt Ja. I. 

Y. Akovb. 
AN, AxD, oon;. 1. If, 8. " ][f, and An, spoils mony 

a gude charter," 8. Prov. Barbour. 2. Sometimes 

used as equivalent to B. altkougk, W. Outkrie.— 

8u. G. aen, si, et ; Isl. end, Id. 
To AN, V. a. 1. To appropriate, to allot as one's own. 

Sir Trittrem. 2. To owe, to be indebted to. Jb — 

8tt. G. eim-a, proprium faoere, flrom egen, proprius ; 

A. 8. agnian, possldere, trcm agen, proprius. 
ANA. AxAT, 9. A river-island ; a holm. Boxb. Of 

doobtful origin. 




Jb AN ALU, «. a. To dltpona ; to MmaAB ; a jwldl- 

cal tenn. Beg, Maj. ^ timnsporition from UX, 

ANALISB,*. ODOWhoAUwifttMproiwrty.bytniispait- 

log it to another ooontiy. Lat . aIieii-«tor. Stai. Bob. I. 
To ANAMB, «. a. To call orer caomb ; to mnater. 

ANARLIE, ad9. Only ; tho Mmo with Anerif, q. t. 

AcU Ja, F. 
To ANARME, Am ABHB, «. a. To ana. ^eCt /a. /• 
ANCHOBrSTOCK, ff. A loirf made of lye; the name 

with Anker-stock. Bladew, Mag. 
ANCIXTT, AsoiRlBi «. Antiqni^. Adtt Cha, II. 

y. Auiroima. 
ANOLBTH, HA50LITB, s. The anole. W. BOA, 
AND.ooiv. Tf. ▼. Av. 
AND A', Ax A', ado. In 8. this ilgnlfles, not every- 

AAia, bat, "In addition to what haa been alxvady 

mentioned :** also ; beaidea ; aa, 

■'ATUlAlneun'vhen rwMdMplBft 
Bta' mj cwi*. Loom ad' a'/' 

aWwKK* JTuto wf flto O f tikt d Mom. 

ANBERMESS, f . Y. Aia>Tm*B bat. 

ANDTR'8-DAT, Amaon Mmb, Aimuxns, f. The 

day dedicated to 6t. Andrew, the Patron Saint of 

Scotland ; the 80th November. Jdmiewn't Pop. Bail. 

ANDLBT« «. A Teiy small ring ; » mall.— Ir. annelef. 

ANDLOCia. Perhaps necklaoeSi bmoeleta, or oni»- 

ments genemlly. 
ANDREW, (The St.) A designation occasionally glTen 
to the Scottish gold coin, more properly called the 
Lyon. " The St. Andrew of Robert II. weighs gene- 
rally 88 gr., that of Robert HI. 00 gr., and the St. 
Andrew or Lion of James II. 48 gr. This oontlnoed 
the only device till James III. introduce the Unioom 
holding the shield." CardomuPi Numitoi., 
ANDRIHESa-SWIN, «. The rigU of St. Andrew ; the 
eveniug before St. Andrew's Di^. CTftort. Abertro^ 
ANE, a^. One, S. J)arfto«r.— Moes. G. aim ; A. 8. 
on, one ; anc. Sau G. am ; mod. So. Q. an; Isl. 
Oerm. ein ; Belg. eM, id. 
ANB, orMele, signifying one, but with leaa emphasis. 

To ANE, 9. ft. To agree ; to accord. . Pret. anyd, 
iryneoion.— Germ, etfn-en, conoordare. oonvenlre; 
Sa G. enHi, flrmiter aliqold propooere ; Isl. oinino, 
unio ; Su. G. eniff ; Cknn. einia^ ooncors. 
ANBABIL, t. A single woman ; properly one who is 
used as a concubine. Beo. Maj.^-O, Wt. onoMe, 
habile, capable, convenable, from L. B. inkabU-itf 
▼aide habilis. Ol. Boquefart. 
ANEDING, t. Breathing. Y. Atsb, «. Bofftamr. 
ANEFALD, adj. Honest ; acting a fUthf ul part ; the 

same with Afald. BouffUu. 
ANEIST, Anikst, Akist, prep, and adv. Next to. 

Ayrs. Roxb. HertFtCoU. Y. Nbist. 
ANELTD, part. pa. Aspired; literally, panted for. 
Wyniown.--VT. ankel-er, to aspire after ; Lat. ankel- 
are, L. B. anel-are. 
ANELIE, adj Sole ; only. AeU Ja. F. 
ANELIE, adv. Only ; solely. B. Bmce. 
ANB MAE. One more. Y. At An mas wi*t. 
ANENS, AnxsT, Ahsst, AvmrriB, prep. 1. Over 
against ; opposite to, B. Bartattr. 2. Concerning, 
about, in rehition to ; still oaed by old people, 8. 
AeU Ja. I. 3. Opposed to, as denoting a trial of 
▼Igoor in bodily motion. 4. In a state of opposition 
to, In reasoning. Aberd.— Or. avavn, oppositom ; 
A. 8. onoeanf ex adverso. Y. Foas-AsniT, 

To ANBBD, Amhsbb. Y. Amnoo. 
ANERT. A term oeovring in a rhyme of chndren, 
nsed for deciding the right of beginning a game. 
Anery, twiery, trlekeiy, seven, — ^Aliby, orsddby, Ae. 
Jilaefew. Jfoa.— Teat. r(;e, rale, order, series, .^nery, 
perhaps een-rife, one or first in order ; twyrije, 
second in order, Ac. 
ANBRDANCB. c. Retainers ; adherente. Aet, Dom. 

Cone. Y. AiiHaBDAXDa. 
ANBRLT, ANTRLT, ado. Only ; alone ; singly. 
Hence attanerlf. Barbour.— A. 8. onre, tantmn ; 
Germ, etfner, solas, fh)m an and ein^ anas. 
ANXRLT, AHsauB, cu(/. Single ; solitary ; only. G. 

ANE8, ado. Onoe. Y. Ana, Abtb. 
ANBS BRRANB. Bntliely on parpoae ; with a able 
design in rq^aid to the otject mentioned ; as, to oae, 
to eome, to $end anet trrandj 8. Bqaivalent to for 
the nonce. Y. Erd'b Ebbaxd. 
ANETH, prep. Beneath, 8. Bord. Jftosftnelay.— A. 8. 
oil, in, and neoAcMt, deorsnm ; Isl. nedan, Belg. 
necfen, 8a. G. ned. id. 
ANEUCH, ado (puU.) Bnoogh, 8. Dunftar.— A. 8. 
ffonoOf genokt satis, dedoced by H. Tooke from 
ifenoo-an, moltipUeare ; perhaps rather from Moes. 
G. janok, moltil, many. 
ANEW, pi. of AxBUOB, t. Snow. TFoZIaee. Y. Bbbvoh. 
ANEW, Ajttau, ado. and j>rep. Below; beneath. 

Aberd. Viom A. 8. on^ and neo^, Y. Abbth. 
ANEWI8, "Budding flowers," 2V<ler. King/'i 

Qnair. — Peihaps rings, fkom Pr. anneam. annolos. 
ANQELL-HBDE, «. The hooked or baitHjd head of an 
arrow. Wallace. — A. 8., Datf;, Germ, angel, a hook, 
an angle ; Tout, anghelt a sting, 0. Teut. oB^Jte^^en, 
to sting. 
2b ANGER, v. «. To become angiy, 8. BBmt. 
To ANGER, V. a. To vex ; to grieve ; although not 
implying the idea of heat of temper or wmth. Ligklt 
and Shadowe.—IA. angra, dolore afflcere. Y. Abqib. 
ANGBRSUM, adj. Provoking ; vexations, 8. 
ANGIR, f. Grief; vexation. Wyntown. Gr. dyypcc. 
grief ; Id. emgr, dolor, moeror ; So. G., Isl. angra, 
dolore afficere, deduced by Ibere tnm aung-a^ i*ro- 
mere, aretarp. 
ANGLE-BERRT, «. A fleshy excreseenoe, resembling 
a large strawbeny, often growing on the feet of sheep 
or cattie, 8. 
ANGT7S-B0RB, t. A cinmlar hole in a panel. Y. 

ANGUS DATI8. Meaning doabt/ul. Inventoriet. 
To ANHERD, Abbbd, Ahrbbb, Exhbbd, v. n. To con- 
tent ; to adhere. Wjfntoton. — A. 8. atiAroed, onroed, 
rignlfles constans, Concors, onanimis; apparentij 
from an, one, and raed, counsel. But I find 0. Pr. 
enkerdanee rendered by Roquefort, adherence, at- 
tachment. lAt. inKaerere, to cleave, or stick fisst in, 
or to, is therefore the more probable origin. 
ANHERDANDB. Akhbbdkn, «. A retainer ; an ad- 
herent. AU AudU. 
ANTD, pret. Agreed. Y. Abb, v. 
ANIE,t. AlitUeone. Kinross. Dimin.ofS. one, one. 
ANIEST, ado. or prep. On this side of. Ayn. ; q. 
" on the nearest side." This is opposed to AdiH, 
adiett, on that side. A. S. on nearoitte, in vicinia, 
prope ad ; or Oft and necJut, proximua, trom neahy 
near, B. nigh, 
ANYING, •. Peihaps the right of making hay on 
commons ; ttom Su. G. onft, foenisecinm, haysmking 
time. Y. Boicb. 




ANIMOSITIB, ff. TinnneM of mfnd ; Itardlhood. 
PUaooUte.—lT. tmimoiiti^ firmness, courage, reso- 
lation. Cotor. 

ANTNO, t. Agreement ; oonooxd. Wynioum. 

ANI9, Aits, Ahks, Aum, adv. Once ; pxxm. as otnMe, 
or jfjnoe, 8. eente, 8. B, Douolcu. The genlt of A. 8. 
cnt, onus, one, aiu»^ unius, also rendered semel, q. 
actio oDios temporih. 

ANIS, Amis, $, pi. 1. Asses. Cknn. S P. 2. Meta^ 
phor, used for foolish fellows. Bannatyne P. — Vr. 
mikie^ Lat. oiimw ; Su. O. omo, Isl. ente, an ass. 

ANTS, the genit. at Ane^ one. Y. Asis. 

ANKKR, t. A Allot. Orknej. Aruker. Dateh. 

AN&ERLT, ado. UnwiUingly. Selkirks.—Tent. 
eiHTAer, exactio, Mc. 

ANKBB-SAtDSLL, HAnvasiiDLi, g. A hermit ; an 
ancfaorite. FHUatug.—A. S. aneer-teUe^ an anchor- 
ite's cell or seat, a hermitage ; from ancer, a hermit 
Lat. anatkoretOy Qr. ava^d^pi^Tiip. 

ANKSBrSTOCK, t. A large loaf, of an oblong form. 
The name is extended to a wheaten loaf, bat properly 
belongs to one made of lye, 8. €H. 8iNt, Q. an 
an^ariUli ttode, or supply ; or from, some Csncied 
resemblance to the stode of an anchor. 

ANLAS, «. Properly " a kind of knife or dagger nsttally 
worn at the girdle," as the term oeenrs in Chancer ; 
but used to denote a pike fixed in the cheveron of a 
horse. Sir Gawan. Franc onekis, anolese, adiate- 
rale telmn, from les, latus, the side ; 0. B. angUu, 
a dagger ; L. B. andacitu, id. 

ANMAILLB, «. Enamel. Y. Ajcaillb. 

ANN, Ainrn, a. A half-year's salary legally due to the 
heirs of a minister, in addition to what was due ex- 
pressly, according to the period of his incumbency, 8. 
AcU Cha. 11.— Vt. annate, L. B. annata. 

To ANNSCT, «. a. To annex ; part, pa, annextf Lat. 
annecto. Acts Jo. VI. 

ANNKILL, t. Probably the old name for indigo. 

ANNERDAILL, g. The district now denominated Anr 

ANNEXI8 and GONNBXIS. A legal phrase, occurring 
in old deeds, as denoting ererything In any way con- 
nected with possession of the rlf^t of proper^ referred 
to. Law Lat. annexis et oonnexig. 

ANNSXUH, «. An appendage ; synon. with 8. 
Pendide. Lat. annoMu, appoided, conjoined. 

ANNrTBRSABT, «. A distribution annually made to 
the clergy of any religious foundation, in times of 
Popery. L. B. annivtrgarium. Y. Daiu.-biltkr. 

ANNUALL, Akjcuxll, GBOfnuD-AmruALL, g. The quit- 
rent or feu-dutjf that is payable to a superior erery 
year, for possession or for the prirUege of building on 
a certain piece of ground, 8.— lAt annuoltt ; Pr. 
annuel yearly. 

ANNUELAB) g. The superior who recelyes the an- 
nuaU or fen-duty for ground let out for building. Y. 
Top Asxusu.. 

ANONDBB, AKOiriB, f»rep. Under, S.B.PIfe. Anun4er, 
8. A. Tout onder, id. A. 8. in^ndor edorag, in under 
the mofs. 

To ANORNB, v. a. To adorn. JDouglag.—h. B. inom- 
are. Tetnllian. 

AN8AB8, "Darid Beans beliered this, and 
many such ghostly encounters and rictories, on the 
faith of the Angan, or auxiliaries of the banished 
prophets." Heart MidrLofkian.—O. It, angeor^ 
juge, arbitre. Boqu^ort. 

AXSB, BvsB, Ehss, oot^. Else, otherwise. Aug.— 
Allied perh^s to Su. G. cMmort, alias. 

ANSBNTB, t. A a|gn ; also a company of soldiers. Y. 

ANSTEBCOIP, c. Meaning doid>tful. Y. BoiOH. 

ANSWIR (Ahbub), or, v. n. To pay, on a claim being 
made, or in correspondence with one's demands. 
Aberd. Reg, 

ANTEPENB, Ahtipsmd, g. A Tell or screen for coTer- 
ing the front of an altar in some Popish churches, 
which is hung up on festlTal days. L.B. Antipend- 
<um, id. 

To ANTES, V. n. 1. To adTenture, 8. B. Bogg, 2. To 
chance ; to happen, 8. B. Jofwm. Land. 8. In the 
form of a participle, or adjectlTe, as rignlfying occa- 
sional, single, rare. An emtrin one, one of a kind 
met with singly and occasionally, or seldfun, S. Fer- 
ffugon. To be Tlewed as the same with Anirm, q. t. 
Perhaps rather allied to Isl. Su. G. andra^ Tsgari, 
whence Dan. vomdre, Ital. (gndart, id. 

ANTEBCAST, «. A misfortune ; a mischance, 8. B. 
Bogg. Anter, or aunter, adTenture, and oott, a 
chance, q. something accidental, a throw at random. 

ANTEROUS, a^. AdTcnturous. Gawan and Ool, 

ANTETBWME, s. *'Antetune, antiphone, response." 
L. Haileg. Bannatyne P. 

ANTICAIL, ff. An antique ; a remnant of antiquity. 
Sir A. Balfow'g LeUerg.—lfaX. antieaolia, "all 
manner of antiquities, or old monuments.** AUieri. 

ANTYCES80R, AimcBSSOwa, AvTSOKsrai, g. An 
ancestor ; a predecessor ; lAt antecessor. Wailaee. 

ANTICK, ff. A foolish, ridiculous frolic, 8. In B. 
the person who acts as a buffoon. 

ANTRIN, adj. Occasional ; single ; rare. Perhaps 
from Isl. 8a. G. ondro, Tagari, to stray, to wander. 

AN UNDER, prep. Under. Y. Ancxoxb. 

APATN, part pa. Prorided ; furnished. Barbour. — 
Pr. appafk-i, hsTlng received a portion, appan-er to 
give a portion ; L. B. opcwi-ore, id. from pain ; Lat. 
panrig, as originally denoting the supply of bread 
and other necessaries of life. 

APA YN, oiv. 1. Reluctantly ; unwillingly ; sometimes 
written distinctly, apayn. Barbour, 2. Hardly; 
scarcely. Wallace. 3. It seems improperiy used for 
in cage. WaUaee. 4. Under pain ; at the risk of. In 
editions, onpayn. Wallace.— ¥r. dpeine^ " scarcely ; 
hardly ; not without much ado." Cotgr. 

APARASTEYR, a^. Applicable; congruous to.— 
Allied, perhaps, to O. Tr. apparoigtret to appear; 
apareiggant, apparent. 

APARTE, ff. One part. Act. Audit. 

To APEN, v. a. To open. To ken a' thing (hat apeng 
and gteekg, to be acquainted with everything, 8. 

To APERDONE, v. a. To pardon. Y. Apastoitb. 

A PER SB, " An extraordinary or incomparable peraon ; 
like the letter A by iteeff, which has the first place in 
the alphabet of afanost all langusges /' Budd. 
Chaucer, id. DougUu. 

APERSMAR, Apbrsxakt, Apibskabt, a^. Grabbed ; 
ill-humoured. SneU, calgchie, 8. synon. Douglag. — 
A. 8 afoT, afre, bitter, sharp ; Isl. apur, asper, (as 
apurkylde, acre frigus) ; and A. 8. gmearte, Su. G. 
gmaxta, pain. Haldorson remarks, that the Id. term 
is also applied to one of austere manners. 

APERT, adj. Brisk; bold; fh». BarbogBr.—Vr, 
appert, expert, prompt ; Lat. apparat^ug, prepared. 

APERT, Appbrt, ac^j, Open ; avowed ; manifest. 
PMi*«r<on'« ffigt. Soot.—LBLi. apperi-ug, open ; Pr. 
Impers. t. H appert, it Is apparent; it is mani- 
APERT. In apert, adv. Evidently ; openly. Barbour, 




~Fr. apertj apperi, oi>en, eTldent; f xom OHMir^^i 
Lat. ajDipor-cre, to appear. 
A PEBTHE, Apbbts, ad«. Openly ; aTOwedly. Act. 

Dtm. Oonc—ha^ apertif openly. 
APBBTLY, ado. Briskly; readUy. Airboiir. V, 

Apkbt, a4j, 
APIEST, Apibob, oofv*. Although. T. Allpvist. 
APILL BENTEIS, t. pi. A string, or necklace of 
beads ; q. a rtin or bridle of beads, formed like appUi. 
APLACS, ac^'. Present, as opposed to being absent ; 

in this place. Clydes. 
ATLIGHT, adv. Ck>inpletely ; 0. B. apiikt. Sir 
THstrem.—A.. 8. on, and plihi, periculum, pliU-an, 
pericolo objiceie se. 
APON, Apoun, prep. Upon, 8. ^orftour.— A. 8. ^o, 

So. Q. uppOf insuper, and on. 
APOBT, Apoarx, t. Deportment ; carriage. Wyntotm. 
— Fr. apportf from apport'erf to carry ; hoL od, and 
To APPAIB, V. a. To Injore ; to impair, 0. E. apeir. 

Detect. Q. ifory.— Fr. empir-er, id. V. Park, v. 
To APPABDONE, APSBOon, v. a. To forgive; to 

pardon. Nicol Bume. 
APPABELLE, Appabtlb, Appakaill, s. Eqnipsge; 
famiture for wai&re ; preparations for a siege, 
whether for attack or defence ; ammunition. Bar- 
hour.— ¥t. appareilf provision, furniture, prepara- 
tions for war. 
To APPELL, V. a. To challenge. Pitioottie.—Jtt. 

appd-er, to accuse, to impeach. 
To APPELL, V. n. To cease to rain. Ayrs. Y. Uppil. 
APPEN FUBTH. The free air ; q. an open exposure. 

APPEBANDS, AppaAmAUD, adj. Apparent. Aper- 

and. Aberd. Reg. 
APPEBANDE, f . Heiz^pparent AcU Jo. VI. 
APPEBANLIE, adv. ApparenUy. Beat, bettteen 

Crotraovoell and J. Knox. 
APPILC ABIE, «. Meaning not known. 
APPILLIS, ». pH. Bendered ' ' apples " in Gl. to Poems 
IQtk Cenitary ; " Jeru^em as appUli* lay in heip ,-" 
but doubtful. Perhaps from Fr. appHer^ to heap or 
pile together. Cotgr. 
APPIN, adj. Open, S. Complaynt 8. Dan. oo&en, 
apertus ; Isl. opna^ foramen. Wachter derives Genn. 
offen^ apertus, from auf^ up.* 
To APPIN, «. o. To open, 8. 0. Gl. Surv. Ayrt. 
To APPLEIS, Appliss, «. a. To satisfy ; to content : 
to please. Wallace. Apparently from an obsolete 
Fr. V. of the form of applaire. 
APPLEBINGIE, «. Southernwood, B. Gait. Arte- 
misia abrotonum, Linn — ^Fr. apiU, strong, and 
auronncj southernwood, from lAt. aJl»rotonuwit id. 
APPLY, 8. Plight ; condition. Sir JSgeir.—9r. pli, 

state, habit. V. Ply. 
APPLIABLE, adj. Pliant in temper. CokdMe Sow. 
APPONIT. Error for epponit; opposed. Keith's 

To APPOBT, V. a. To bring ; to conduce.— Fr. apport- 

er, id. jB. Bruce. 
APPOSIT, part. pa. Disposed ; willing. Aberd. Biog. 

—Lat. appotU-^u^ apt, fit. 
To APPBEUE, Appribvb, v. a. To approve. DougUu. 

— ^Fr. approttver, Lat. apprcbare. 
To APPBISE, V. a. To approve ; used as signifying a 
preference. £«2I«n<iei».— 0. Fr. apretier, aprieier, 
evalner, esUmer ; Lat appretiare, 
APPBISING, «. Esteem ; value. BeUenden, 

APPBISIT, part. pa. Valued ; prised. BeUenden. 

Proximate ; in the vid- 

APPBOGHBAND, part. pa. 
nity. Bdlenden. 

To APPBOPBE, Appbopir, v. a. To appropriate. Act. 
Audit. Aberd. Beg. — Fr. appropriert id. 

APPUY, «. Support -, a buttress ; a rest KeiA't Hitt. 
— Fr. id. 

APPUNCTUABIENT, «. A convention, or agreement, 
with specification of certain tezms. Acts Ja. V. 

To APPUBCHASE, v. a. To obtain ; to ptocaze. Fit- 

To APUNCT, Appukot, «. n. To settle. Act. Dom. C^me. 

AB, Am. adv. Formerly ; also, early. Y. Air. 

To AB, Arx, Err, v. a. To plough ; to till, 8. ; to eaXt 
B. Douglas. — Moes. G. or^ian, Su G. aer-iOf Id. 
er-ia^ A. 8. er-ian. Alem. eir-en, Gemu er-en^ Gr. 
ap'iWf lAt or-ore. Ibre vle#s Heb. pM or-ets, 
earth, as the fountain. 

ABAGB, Arraor, Artao%- Auaraob, Avbraob, t. 
Servitude due by tenants, in men and horses, to 
their landlords. This custom is not entirely abo- 
lished in some parts of Scotland. **Arage and car> 
riage" is a phrase still commonly used in leases. 
Skene. — ^L. B. aeerag-imin, from aver-ia^ a beast for 
work ; and this perhaps from Fr. ouvre, work. 

ABAYNE, part, jpo. Arrayed. DougUu^—i^. Yt. 
arrayi, id. 

To ABAS, Arraor, v. a. 1. To snatch or pluck away by 
force. Wyntown. 2. To mise up. Douglas. This 
sense is so different from the former, that it might 
rather seem to-be put for arraise, q. to raise up. — 
Fr. arrach-eri to tear ; to pull by violence ; to pull 
up by the roots, firom Lat. eradiCHtre. 

ABBY, «. The sea-gilliflower, or sea-pink. Orkn. 

ABBY-BOOT, «. The root of the sea-pink, or Statics 

anneria. Oricn. NeUVs Tour. 
ABBBOATH PIPPIN, «. The name of an apple, 8. 


ABCII, Aroh, Airoh, Sror, (ffutt.) adj. 1. Averse ; 
reluctant ; often including the idea of timidity as the 
cause of reluctance, 8. Douglas. 2. Apprehensive ; 
filled with anxiety, 8. Chaucer, erkCt weary, indo- 
lent. Popul. Ball. — ^A. 8. ear0f, doddiosus, iners, 
slothful, sluggish; earht fngax, "timorous, and 
ready to run away for fear." Somn. Isl. env-wr, 
refonnidans ; arg-r, piger, deses ; Su. G. arg^ igna- 
vus. Among the Goths argur^ I*. B. argOt denoted a 
poltroon, a coward. 

To ABCH, Arqh, «. n. To hesitate ; to be reluctant. 
Y. Eroh, «. 

ABCHIE, «. Abbrev. of j4rdkt5a2d,8. 

ABGHIEDENE, «. Archdeacon. Acts Ja. F/.— lAt. 

ABCHILAGH, Archiloob, Archilowr, i. The return 
which one who has been treated in an inn or tavern, 
sometimes reckons himself bound in honour to make 
to the company. When he calls for his bottie, he is 
said to give them his ardi.iLagh. Loth. South of 8. 
Bob Boy. Y. Lawir, Laucr. 

ABCHNE8, Arohrrss, «. 1. Beluctanoe ; backward- 
ness. Wodrom. 2. Obliquely used for niggardliness, 
q. reluctance to part with anything. Legend Bp. St. 

collegiate churches during the time of Popery, nc»t 
in rank to the dean, and superior to all the canons. 
2. Used as synon. with vicarage. Acts Cha. J» and 
Ja. F/.— Fr. archo-prettre, a head-priest. 




ARE, t. An heir. Act. Dom. Cone. Y. Air. 

To AREIK, Axriik, v. a. To reach ; to extend. 

J><mglai.—A, 8. areeoanj aasequi, to get, to attain. 
AB£IR, adv. Back. To rin oreir, to decline ; synon. 

with to miscarry. Lyndtajf.—Vz. arriertf backwaid ; 

Lat. a retro. 
AHEIRD, m^*. Gonfnaed; disordered ^Imctairard. T. 


To AREIST, AaBBisFy^v. a. To stop ; to stay. Dougku, 
— Ft. arut-er, id. 

AJUSIST, «. Delaj. JSvA-arreiat ; without delay. 

ARE MOKBOW, ade. Early in the morning. Y. Aim, 

To ABEND, «. n. To rear ; applied to a horse when he 
throws bsick his forepart, and stands on his hind legs. 
Tife.— 0. Ht. axrien»f backward. 

ARENT, f. Contraction for Annual rent, AcU 

ARKB» s. Anheir; JiBVBis, iieirs. Act. Audit. 

ABSSOUND, pret. Perhaps, called in question ; Fr. 
oreiofier, isterroger, questioner, demand er; ratio- 
cinari ; Ql. Boquefort Areson is used by R. Brunne 
In the sense of persuade, or reason with. Sir Trittrem. 

ARETTTT, part. pa. Accused, brought into Judgment. 
Bttrbout .—h. B. red'ore, ret-oMt arett-are, ac- 
cusare, in jus Tocare, Bu Oange. 

ARGENT CONTENT. Ready money. Tr. argent 
eomptantf id. Bdlenden. 

To ARGH, V. n. To hesitate. Y. AaoB and Brqb, v. 

ARGIE, s. Assertion in a dispute, Xhe specific plea 
which one uses in disputation, S. B. — Sn. Q. ierga, 
semper eadem obgannire. Id. iarg-Tf keen conten- 

To ARGIE-BABOIE, v. «. To contend. 

To aRGLE-BARGLE, AuBGLB-BiBoiir, v. n. To con- 
tend, to bandy backwards and forwards, 8. Argle- 
barginj Loth. EaggU-bargin^ synon. fiomsay.— Isl. 
arg^ enraged, jarg-a, to contend. 

ARGOL-BARGOLOUS, a^'. Quarrelsome ; oontentions 
about trifles. OabesJProvott. 

To ABGONE, Abgowiib, Akowb, Abovw, v. a. 1. To 
ax^ue, to contend by argument. Mannatyne Poems. 
2. To censure, to reprehend, to chide with. WaUaee 
— rPr. argu-eTt Lat. argu-ere. 

ARGOSEEN, «. The lamprey, according to.old people. 
Ayrs ; q. having the een or eyes of Argut. 

ARGUESYN, m. The lieutenant of a galley ; he who 
Juis the goremment and keeping of the slayes com- 
mitted to him. Knox. — Fr. tirgoutinf aatelles rem!- 
gibus segendia et.custodi endis pracpositus, Diet 

ARGUMENT,. t. The sutject of a rersion.; a piece of 
English dictated to boys at school for translation into 
Latin. Aberd. 

Tb ARGUMENT, v. a. To prove; to show. Cfrot-. 
raguA. — Lat. argument-arit to reason. 

AKI^fPrit. of Ar. Tilled ; eared. Y. Ab, Abb, «. 

ARK, Mkal-abk, f. A large chest; especially one 
used for holding com or meal, 8. Bannatyne Poems. 
A. 8. arce> erof, a chest, a coffer ; Alem, airfa ; 8u. G. 
ark ; Lat. area ; Gael. ore. Hence, 

£bl-Abk. t. That kind of a box which is placed in 
lakes, ponds, Ac, for catching and retaining eefs; 
a toim common in old deeds. 

ARK qf a MUl. The place in which the oentre^tdieel 
runs, 8. 

ARK-BEIN, the bone called the os pubis, 8. B. 

To ARLB^ V. a. 1. To give an earnest of any kind, 8. 

2. To give a piece of money for confirming a baifaln. 
8. 8. To put a piece of money into the hand of a 
seller, at entering upon a bargain, as a security that 
he shall not sell to another while he retains this 
money, 8. Skene. — L. B. arrharef arrhis sponsam 
dare, Fr. arrk-er^ arr-er, to give an earnest. 

ARLES, Sbus, Abiis Pbkxib, Aiblb-Pbbxt, s. 1. An 
earnest of whatever kind, a pledge of full possession, 
8. A. Bor. Wfntown, 2. A piece of money given 
for confirming « baigain, 8. A. Bor. Acts Ja. IV. 
-8. A piece of money put into tiie hands of a seller 
4rhen one begins to cheapen any commodity ; as a 
pledge that the seller shall not strike a bargain, or 
even enter into terms with another while he retains 
the arleSt 8. In Scotland a servant who has been 
iiired, and who has received arles. Is supposed to have 
Jk right to break die engagement, if the earnest has 
been returned within tvenQr-four hours. This, how- 
eiver, may have neither sanction than that of custom, 
—let. orrAote, om)k«, Gael, iarliw, id. 

ARUr, adv. Early. Barbtmr, A. 8. arlieCy matutin^. 

ARUCH, ABUTca, ad^. 8ore ; fh^tted ; painful, 8. B. 
Y. Abb. — Su. G. arg^ iratus, org^ laedere, Dan. 
arriOt troublesome ; as we say, " an angry sore f or 
from Su. G. aerTf cicatrix, whence aerrig, vulneratua. 

ARMTN, Abmtvo, f. Armour ; arms. Wyntovm. 

ARMING, s. Ermine. L. B. anntn-ea, Id. (klh 
Jnvtntoria^ A. 1661, p. 128. 

ARMLESS, adj. Unarmed; without warlike wea- 
pons. Spalding's Troubles. 

ARMONT, s. Harmony. DougUu. 

ARMOSIE, adj. Of or belonging to Onnna. Inven* 
tories. Y. Obmaisb. 

ARN, t. The alder, a tree, 8. Pronounced In some 
counties, q. arin. — C. B. tierftt Arm. vem, quern, 
Gael. /earn, alnus. 

ARN, V. subst. Are, the third pers. plural ;• Chancer, 
am. Sir Chiutan. — A. 8. oron, sunt. 

ARNOT. t. Ley [lea] Amot, A stoae lying in the 
field, Aberd. ; q. earth-knot. 

ARNOT, s. The shrimp, a fish, Aberd. 

ARNS, f . pi. The beards of com, 8. B. f^ynen. aumt. 
Franc, am, spica. 

ARNUT, LotrsT Abh«t, t. TaU oat-grass or pignut ; 
Bunlum bulbocastanum, or fiexuosum, Linn. 8. 
Tumut, A. Bor. Ligktfoot. — Corr. from earth-nut, 
Teut. aerdnoot, Id. 

AROYNT thee. 0. E. Skakspere. Y. Rtnir, v. 

ARON, s. The plant Wakerobin, or Cuckoo's-plnt. 
Arun. maculatum, Linn., Teviotd ; Sw. oron^-oert, Id. 

AR0RY8» s. pi. Errors. Aberd. Beg. 

AROUME, adv. At a distance, so as to make way. 
A. 8. rume, IslU, or rather ntm, locus ; on rum, 

ARR, f. A scar, 8. A. Bor. Pode-arrs, the marks 
left by the small-pox, 8. Lancash.— Su. G. aerr, Isl. 
oer, cicatrix, a scar. 

TbARRACB. Y. Abm. 

ARRAYED, part, adj, A term applied to a mare when 
in season, Fife. 

ARRAN-AKE, s. The speckled diver, Meigus stellatus, 
Brunnlch. P. Luss, Dumbarions. Statist. Ace, xvii. 

ARRANGE, t. Arrangement Acts Mary. 

ARRAS, Abbxss, s. The angular ot shaip edge of a 
stone, log, or beam. Loth. 

ARRED, part. adj. Scarred ; having the marks of a 
wound or sore. Hence, Pock-arred, marked by the 
small-pox, 8. — Dan. arred, dcstzlaed; IiL aa^ft, 
cicatrices flsoere. 





▲BJUKIBf ode, Bnekward. To rjfn mrreir, impldly to 
take A letrogxade ooona. XyiMbay. ChAaoer, onre, 
Id.—- Jr. orriere ; Lat a retro. 

A&BONDELL, «. The swaUow, a bird. Bunl.—Vr. 
atonddUt hirondeiU, from Lat. hinmdoj id. 

ARBOW, ac(;. Ayene ; reluctant, Abeid. ; the lame 
with Arekt Ari^ Ac 

*ABas, t. The bottom or hinder part of anything ; aa, 
a Mcfe-orfe, the bottom of a sack. 

ASSE-BURD <^a cart. The board which ihota In a 

ABSSGOCKLX, t. A hot pimple on the Uice or any 
part of the body, 8. B. The tena aeenu originally to 
hare been confined to pimples on the hips ; synon. 
with Tent. oerr^Ieyiie, tiibexGalus in ano. 

ABSBBNE, i. The quaiL Houlate.—A. B. aenekm^ 
cotumtx ; al80| enckenm, from cr«e and Ae»fli» q. 
gallina Tiyartl. 

ABS£LINS» adv, Backwaxdt ; a^j. backward, Clydes. 
8. B. So$$, — Belg. aend-en, to go backwards ; 
aerielino, receding ; aeneUndeSt backwards. 

AB8ELINS COUP, «. The act of fUling backwards on 
the hams, Boxb. 

ABS£:'T£BS£:, «. A sort of spell nsed to prevent the 
honse from fire, or as an antidote to Arttm^ from 
which the term is supposed to be derlTodi TeTiofcd. 
Probably borrowed firom England. 

AR80UN, ff. Buttocks. Barbom; 

AKT, Aro. This termination of many words, denoting 
a particular habit or affection, is analogous to Isl. and 
Oenn. art, Belg. aartt nature, diqioaltion ; as, S. 
drunkard, bastard; Vr. babiUard, a stutterer; B. 
bombard, bumbart, a drone ; Mtunkairt, of a stubborn 
di0p<nition ; kaetard, hasty, passionate. 

A&T and PART. Aocessoiy to, or abetting, a forensic 
phrase, S. used in a bad sense. Art denotes the in- 
stigation or adTioe. Pai^t, the share that one has in 
the commission of a crime. JPrtlnne. — ^The terms are 
frequently used in the way of discrimination, " Art or 
part." WpnUmn. Borrowed from the Latin phrase, 
Artem et partem habuit 

ART Ain> JURE. litemture, philosophy, and Jnila- 
prudence. Act$ Ja. IV. 

ARTAILYE, Abtaillib, Abtalui, s. Artilleiy; ap- 
plied to offensiye weapons of what kind soerer, 
before the introduction of fiie-axms. WaXlace. Y. 

ARTATION, t. Excitement ; instigation. BOlenden. 
— L. B. artatio, trcm ario for orcto, art, to constialn. 

ARTHURT'BHUrB, the name given to the constella- 
tion, Aroturus. JhugUu. Y. Hoir. 

ARTY, Anna, adj. Artftal ; dexterous ; ingenious, 
Aberd. Loth. — Teut aerdigh, ingenious, solers, 
aigutus ; Dan. artig, id. ; Isl. ariug-r, artiflciosus. 

ARTILLISD, jNire. jpa. Provided with artiUery, Fitr 
ioottie. Fr. artiU-er, to furnish with ordnance. 

ARTOW. Art thou ? used interngaavely, 8. the reib 
and pronoun being often, in colloquial language, 
coAjoined in Scottish, as in Ckzm. and Isl. Isl. 
crfu, id. Kinttt (iuair. MrUm, Id. Ywwtne and 

ARYAL, AaviL Buppbb, f. An entertainment after a 
funeral ; or rather when the hein of the deceased 
enter on possession. ArvQl, a funeral. ArviU- 
Supper, a feast made at funerals, North. Orose. 
^reol-ftreod, the loaves sometimes distributed among 
the poor. The teim has evidently originated fh>m 
Jhe dreumatanoe of this entertainment being given 
Dv one who entered on the poweerion of an inheri- 

tance ; flrom mf, heredltas, and oel, convlvinm, pri- 
marily the designation of the bcvemge which we call 

AB, conj. Than, B. ; ityn. with nor ; as If. f eUy. 
AS, Ass, AssB, Alsb, «. Ashes ; plur. omU, B. on and 

ain;k, Bor. au, Cumberl. ene, id. Dvnter.— 

Moes. 6. o^'o, Alem. osco, Oenn. and Belg. oscAe, 

Bu. G. and Isl. aOta, cinis. 
A8CSN8E, c. Ascent. Fo«n» IQA CaU. Lat. a»- 

ABCHET, «. A large flat plate on which meat is 

brought to the table, 8.— lY. auiette, ** a trencher- 
plate." Cotgr. 
To ASCRIYE, Abobiub, Ascbtvb, v. a. 1. To ascribe. 

Bollock. 2. To reckon ; to account Aett Ja. F/.— 

Vr. adterire, to enroll, register, account, tc Cotgr. 
ABES, t. The angle contained between the beam and 

the handle on the hinder side of a plough, Orkney. 

Bynon. Ifide. 
ABHIEPATTLB,«. A neglected child, BheU. Perhaps 

from Isl. Offco, ashes, and potti, a little chUd ; acbUd 

allowed to lie among the onhes. 
ASHTPET, adj. Employed in the lowest kitchen-work, 

Ayrs. Y. Assipbt. 
ASH-KEYS, AiSHKK-KxT, «. The seed-vessels of the 

ash, 8. Talti of my Landlord. 
ASHLAR, adij. Hewn and polished ; applied to stones. 

Spalding.— Vr. aitaeUe, a shingle, q. smoothed like a 

ABIDE, f. One tide. Ick atide, every side. Sir 

ASIDE, prep. Beside ; at the side of another. Tanna- 

hiWt Poemt. It seems fonnod q. om^ like £. 

ASIL, AtiL-Toom, «. The name given to the grinders, 

or denUt molaret ; the teeth at the extremity of the 
. Jaw, Roxb. 
ASYNIS, t. pi. Asses. SeUenden.—Tr, atne, Lat 

ASK, AwBK, f . An eft ; a newt ; a kind of lixard, S ; 

aaker, A. Bor. Wyntovm.—Qetm. eidedu, eidta; 

Eranc. edeh$a ; A. S. atkexe ; Belg. egdisu, haag- 

di$$e, id. Wachter deduces the Germ, word from ey, 

eg, ovum, and tyg-en, gignere, q. "produced ftom an 



ASK, «. The stake to which a cow is tied, by a rope or 
chain, in the byre, Caithn.— Isl. at; Su. G. aat, a 
pole, staff, or beam. 

* To ASK, V. a. To proclaim two persons in the paridi 
church, in order to marriage; to publish the bans, 
Aberd. Loth. Syn. Cry. 

ASKLENT, AflOLBKT, AsKuar, adv. Obliquely; 
asquint; on one side, 8. Atlant, S. Burnt. B. 
Bruce. — Swed. tlant, obliquus, from tlind, latns. 

A8K0Y, adv. Asquint ; obliquely, Kiriccudbright.— 
S. Atkew, Bu. G. tk^, id. from sfco, sico, di^nncUve 

ASLEY. Hortet in atley, are horses belonging to dif- 
ferent persons, lent from one to another till each per- 
son's land is ploughed, Orvn. 

ASP AIT, adv. In flood, Clydes. Marmaiden ofClydt* 

To ASPARB, o. a. To %spin. Aberd. Beg. 

ASPECT, t. The serpent called the asp, or aspik. 
Buret. — ^Fr. atpic. 

A8PERAN8, a^j- Lofty ; elevated ; pompous, applied 
to diction. WaUace.—VT. atpirant, lAt atpirani, 

ASPERT, ac(/. Harsh; crucL Kins^t Quair.—Jt. 
atpre, Lat (Uper, id. 




A8PTNE) a. Prom tbe oonneetion, apparently meant 

to denote a boat. Bcarbemr. — Sired, eapt'iv, a long 

iMMtf Tent, hapimikef etpinekf oymba, a unall boat. 
ASPOSIT, part. pa. Disposed. Aberd. Reg, 
ASPRB, a4j. Bbaip. T. Abpbet. WaUaee. 
ABPBSSPKB, «. Perhaps q. "sharp spear;" like 

a^re tew, also used by Blind Harry. Wallace.'^ 

Vr. atperf dor, rode, b&ton nooeuz. Ql. Roquefort. 
A8PBIANCS, t. y. AaPBiL&xs. 
To ASS, V. a. To ask. JSmryMne.— Germ, eiidk-en, 

Fran, eisoon, id. 
A8S, ». Ashes. T. As. 

AS8ATI8, a. Aasiae ; oonrentioo. Wyntowm. 
T» ASSILTlfi, V. a. To attack ; to assaU. Wallace. 

Vr. OMsaiU^; L. Bb tuital-ire, OMol-ftrs, inyadere, 

ABSAL-TKBTH, «.j)l. The grinders. V. AfiXL. 
AflOASSINAT, a. An assaasin ; an Improper use of the 

Fr. word denoting the act of mnrder. Law'a 

A8SEDAT, prtt, Ckive In lease. Aberd. Bag. 
AB8SDATI0N, a. 1. A lease ; a term still commonly 

used in our legal deeds, S. Balfaur. 2. The act of 

lettlog in Icase.-'L. B. aatedatio. Chalmerlan. Air. 
To ASSEOE, V. a. To besiege. Wyntown.—Vr. 

auaieo-tTt L. B. aaaiddartf obsidere; from Lat. ad, 

A8SBGB, a. Biege. Wfnitmn. 
J« AS8EHBLB, V. «. To Join in battle. Wyuiawm.-^ 

Fr. oMOMM-er, firom So. G. aaml-a, Gttxm. comi-en, 

Belg. aame^-en, congregare ; from Su. G. and Germ. 

aam, a prefix denoting association and conjunction. 
ASSEMBLE, a. Bngagement ; batUe. Wyntovm. 
A8SEMTHS, c. The word of war. Gorr. from 

E«wiB, q. T. Barbcw. 
ASSHOLE, a. 1. The place for reoeiving the ashes 

under the grate. 2. A round cxcayation in the 

ground, out of doors, into which the a»hes are carried 

from the hearth, Meams. S. T^uicash, etsAoIe, aakole, 

id. Tim Bobbin. Y. A8. 
A8SIE, adj. Abounding with ashes, Loth. Y. As, Ass. 
AS8ISPET, a. A dirty little creature ; syn. with 

Skodffiej Boxb., q. one that is constantly soiled with 

adies, aaaaa; like a pet that lies about the fireside. 

T. AsHTPKT, and Ashikpattls. 
To ASBIG, V. n. Probably an error for Aaaign. If not 

perhaps from 0. Fr. osse^ier, fkiie asseolr, poser, 

ASSILAG, a. The stormy petrel, a bird ; ProceUarla 

pelagica. Unu. Martin. Perhaps Ihun Gael, aaaoal, 

Ir. eosAoI, a storm. 
ASSILTRIE. a. An axle-tree. J)ouglaa.—TT. aaaeulf 

<M9t7«, axis. 
To ASSING, 9. a. To assign. Aberd. Beg. 
To A88TTH, Asstith, Stith, Bithb, «. a. To make a 

compensation to another ; to satisfy, O. E. atseeth, 

aaaethy id. Ad Ja. /.—Lat. ad, and A. S. aiOte, vice. 

Beinner, Bather from Su. G. and Isl. aaett-Ot con- 

ciliare; reconcillaro. Ir. and Gael. aioAam, to 

make atonement. 
A8STTH, AssTTBHXiT, Stth, SrrBXMKXT, a. Compen- 

Mtioo ; satisfaction ; atonement for an offence. 

AaaytknuMt is still used as a forensic term, S. 0. E. 

aaeelk, \?iclif. Wyntown. This word is stUl in use 

In our courts of law, as denoting satisfaction for an 

ii^ury done to any party. Su. G. acuU, reconciliation, 

or the fine paid in order to procure it. 
2b AS80ILYIE, «. a. 1. To acquit ; to f^ee from a 

charge or prosecution ; a forensic term much used in 

our courts, 8. Bea- Meij. 8. To absolve tnm an eo- 
dejiasticBl censure ; as from excommunication, 
Bellenden. 0. E. a«to^ aaoUenf and oioiO, de- 
note the absolution by a priest. P. Plouokman. 
8. To pronounce absolution firom ain, in consequence 
of confession. Abp. Baa%iUoun. 4. To absolve from 
guilt one departed, by saying masses for the soul ; 
according to the &ith of the Bomish Ohnreh. Bar- 
bour. 6. Used improperly, in rdation to the response 
of an oracle ; apparently in the sense of reaolvino 
what is doubtful. Douolaa. 6. Also used improperly, 
as signifying to unriddle. Z. Boyd.—O. Fr. aatoiU, 
dbaoiUe^ decharg^, absous, despens6. Gl. Boquefort. 
Corr. from Lat. abaolO'ere. 
To ASSONYIE, Ebsoxtib, v. a. 1. To offer an excuse 
for absence from a court of law. Stat. K. WiU. 2. 
Actually to excuse ; the excuse offered being sus- 
tained. Quon. AWuk. 8. To decline the combat ; 
to shrink from an adversary. ITaltaoe.— O. E. 
aaoyned, excused. B. Gloue. Baaoine^ a legal ex- 
cuse. Chaucer. Y. Bssohtii, «.— Fr. eaioyner, 
eaoon-iert to excuse from appearing in court, or going 
to the wars. Su. G. aofn-a. Germ, mm-eii, to reconcile, 
to explain ; Moes. G. mi^'-afi, to Justify. 
ASSOPAT, part. pa. At an end ; put to rest ; laid 
aside. Acta Cha. I.— -Jr. aaaqpir, to lay asleep, to 
quiet Cotgr. 
ASSUBANOE, a. 1. To take aaauroHoe of an enemy ; 
to submit ; to do homage, under the condition of pro- 
tection. Compiayni S. 8. This word, of old, was the 
same with Lauborroma now. ^wCMnnoode.— Fr. 
donner aaaurementf fidem dare; L. B. aateemir-aart, 
firom Lat. ad and Meur-uc. 
AST, pret. v. Asked. Poenu 19tk Centwry. 
To ASTABIL, v. a. To calm ; to compose ; to assuage 

DouQlaa.^O. Fr. eataiblir, to establish ; to settle. 
A8TALIT, part. pa. Decked, or set out. Cfawan and 

Ocl.— Fr. eataH-tr, to display ; to show. 
To ASTABT, Abtsbt, v. n. 1. To start ; to fly hastily. 
2. To start aside from ; to avoid. Kimfa Qitair.— 
Teut. ateert-en, to fly ; Qtrm. atara-en^ to start up. 
ASTEEB, adv. I. In confusion ; in a bustUng state, 
S. q. on atir. Bitaon. 2. Used as equivalent to 
abroad, out of doors ; as, " Ye're air oiteer the day." 
Tou are early abroad to-day, S. 
To A8TEIB, V. a. To rouse ; to excite ; to stir. 

Poema StxteeaUh Cent. — A. S. aatyr-iea^ excitare. 
ASTENT, a. Yaluation. Act. Aftdit. Here we see 

the flrst stage flrom Bxtent to Stent. Y. Srsirr, a, 1. 
ASTEBNE, a4j' Austere ; severe ; having a harsh 

look, Boxb. J>oug. Virg. 
ASTIT, AsTiT, AsTiD, ado. 1. Bather ; as, aatit better, 
rather better ; aatit «ea«, rather was ; " I would aatit 
rin the kintry," I would rather banish myself, La- 
narks. Ayrs. Dumfr. 2. Aatid, as well as, Boxb. 
ASTBE, a. A star, Fr. Ckron. S. Poet. 
ASTBEES, a. The beam of a plough, Orkn. Perhaps 

firom Isl. OS, and tri^ lignum. Y. Assia. 
* To ASTBICT, V. a. To bind legally ; a law term. 

AcU Ja. VI. 
ASTBIKKIT, part, pa. Bound ; engaged. BeUenden. 

~Lat. aOrict-naf id. 
ASWAIP, adv. Aslant, Ettr. For. Of the same kin- 
dred with A. S. awap-an, aweop<a% verrera ; Su. G. 
fUMp-o, vagari. 
A-SWIM, ode. Afloat Spalding. 
AT, eor^. That ; 0. E. id. Gower. Barbour. Dan. 
and Swed. at, quod ; Su. G. att, a coi^nnction cor- 
responding to Lat ut. 




AT, prow. That ; which ; what ; that which. Wyn- 

* AT, jnng). In fell poaaession of, eqpeciaUy lu rafcr- 
enee to the mind, 8. V. Himsbll. 

AT ALL, adv. ** Altogether," Bndd. Perhapa ; at 
best ; at anj late. DouQlat. 

AT ANB MAS WI T. At the last posh ; q. about to 
make one attempt wure as the last, Ettr. For. Ferilt 
of Man. ^ 

ATANIS, AniNis, Ataxts, Atohis, adv. At once; 
8. at ainse. Y. Ants, Amrs. Oawan and Ool. 

AT A' WILL. A vulgar phrase signifying, to the ut-* 
most ihat one can wish. 

AT IPEN. In the evening. Saturday at tfm ; Sa- 
turday evening. Ouy Mannering. 

ATCHESON, Atchisoh, «. A billon coin, or rather 
copper washed with silver, struck in the reign of 
James YL, of the value of eight pennies 8cots, or 
two-thirds of an English penny. Sudd. From the 
name of the then assay-master of the mint. 

ATHABIST, BoukUe, iiL 10. V. Cithabist. 

ATHE, AiTB, Attbb, c. An oath ; plur. athis. Bar- 
bour.— Viot%. Q. aith^ A. 8. aXhy Preoop. etK, Ld. aed, 
8u. G. ed, San. and fielg. eed, Alem. and Oenn. ek<, 

ATHER, eonj. Either. B. Bruot, Y. Athib. 

ATHEB, t. An adder, Clydes. 

ATHEB-BILL, «. The diagon-fly, Clydes. 

ATHER, or Nattbb-oaf, t. The dragon-fly, Fife. 

A' THE TEEB, A' that b'bb. Scarcely ; with diffi- 
cult ; oonr. of aJU that eoer. 

ATHIL, Athill, Hathill, adj. Noble; lllustrioua. 
HoulaJU. — A. 8. oeOel, nobilis ; whence AeAding^ 
Atheling, a youth of the blood-royal ; 8u. O. odel, Id. ; 
adlinot juvenis nobilis ; deduced from ancient Gothic 
aeU, kindred. 0. B. oddyl is also equivalent to Lat. 
gens, oognatio. 

ATHIL, Hathbl, t. A prince ; a noUeman ; an Ulua- 
trious personage ; plur. a/ik\Ue» (erroneously ocJkt'Ua), 
katheUi. Y. the a^j. Sir Gawan and Sir Gal. 

ATHIB, Athtb, Athbb, pron. 1. Either ; whichso- 
ever. WynUnon. 2. Used in the sense of other. 8. 
Mutual ; reciprocal. BeUendtn. — A. 8. aegther, 
uterque. Y. Eithbb. 

ATHOL-BBOSE, s. Honey mixed with whisky. It is 
used sometimes In the Highlands as a luxury, and 
sometimes as a specific for a cold, 8. Meal is occa- 
sionally substituted for honey.— J7ear< qfjf id-XoA. 

ATHOBT, prq^. 1. Through. 2. Across, 8. ; athwart, 
E. BaiUie. Y. Thortoub. 

ATHOBT, adv. Abroad ; far and wide. BaiUit. 

ATHOUT, jirep. and adv. Without, Fife. Y. Bbthout. 

ATHBAW, adv. Awry, Ayrs. Dumfr. The Siller Oun. 
From a, or rather A. 8. en, and (krawan, torquere. 

ATIOAST, f. A silly, helpless^ odd sort of person, 
Bhetl.— Isl. athait, InsuItaUo. 

ATIB, Eatib, ff. Ctore; blood mixed with matter 
ooming flrom a wound. Bouglat. — ^A. 8. oter, aetiert 
aettor ; Alem. eitir, Isl. and Oerm. eiter, Su. O. etter, 
venenum ; from Alem. eSt-en, to bum. 

ATO, adv. In twain. Sir Trittrem. A. 8. on twOj 1b 

ATOMIB, t. A skeleton, 8. ; evidently corr. from 

ATOUB, s. Warlike prepamtion. Bar^ifur. Wx. 
atour, attire. 

ATOUB, Attoubb, j»rep. 1. Over, 8. Wallace. 2. 
Across, 8. WaUoM. 3. Beyond, as to time ; ex- 
ceeding. Qaon. AttadL 4. Exceeding in number. 

Wyntovm. 6. In iplte of ; at, '*m do this attornr 
ye"— in spite of you.— Fr. d tour, en tour, au tour, 
circum ; or Su. G. at, denoting motion towards a 
place, and oeftoer, over. 
ATOUB, Attoub, adv. 1. Moreover, By and attour, 
id. Laws, 8. PiteeoUie. 2. Out from, or at In- 
definite distance from the person speaxing, or the 
object spoken of. Dougloi. To etand attour, to 
keep ott;toffo attour, to remove to some distance, 8. 
Bt akb Attoub, pr^ Besides ; over and above, 8. 

ATBT, Attbib, adj. I. Purulent ; containing matter ; 
applied to a son that is cankered, 8. B. Brvee. 2. 
Stem ; grim, 8. B ; attem, fierce, cruel, snarllnij^ 
GloQc. Y. ATIB, Eatib. Boa. t. Peevish ; ftetful ; 
an atrie wamblin, a fretful, mlagrown child. — Belg. 
etteriff, full of matter ; eiter-en, to suppurate. 
ATBYS, ff. pi. Perhaps fh>m Fr. mtour, a French 

hood. Watton'i CfoU. 
ATBY8T, ff. Appointment; assignation. Dunbar. 

Y. Tbtbt. 
ATTAMIE, ff. A skeleton, & Abbreviated from Fr. 

Jo ATTEICHE, V. a. To attach. L.h. pasaim. Acta 

Ja. ri. 
ATTEILLE, Attbal, Attilb, ff. Apparently the 
wigeon ; being distinguished from the teal. AeleJa. 
VI. Isl. (io^Id-r, tnrdus marinns. 
ATTELED, part. pa. Aimed. Sir Oawan and Sir 

Gal. Y. Ettlb. 
ATTEMPTAT, a. A wicked or li^mions enterprise, 
BeUenden.— L. B attemptat-io, nefuia molltio, 
scelus ; Gall, attentat ; Du Cange. 
ATTEMPTING, ff. Perpetration, oommissioo, with of 
subjoined ; used in a bad sense ; syaum. with At- 
temptat. Ada So. VI. 
To ATTENE, v. n. To be related to. AeU Ja. YI. 
Y. AFrBOTiouv. Fr. t*attenir d to be Jcrfned in con- 
sanguinity with. Cotgr. 
ATTENTLIE, adv. Attentively. Keith'a Biat, 
ATTENTIK, oi^'. Authentic. Aberd. Beo. 
ATTEBrCAP, ATTiB-cap, ff. 1. A spider, 8. Attereep, 
attereob, id. A. Bor. MotUgomery. 2. An ill-natured 
person ; one of a virulent or malignant disposition, 
8. — A. 8. aUer-ooppe, atter-coppa, aranea, from otter, 
venenum, and oofipe, callx, q. " a cup full of vmoM /' 
like Isl. eitrorm, a serpent, t. «. '* a poisonous worm." 
ATTIB, ff. Proud flesh, or purulent matter about a 

iore, Aberd. ; the same with Ana, q. v. Hou^Ioff. 
ATTIYILT8, ff. Arable ground lying one year lea, 

Sheti. Y. AviL and Awal. 
ATTOUB, prep. Y. Atoub. 
ATWA, adv. In two, Clydes. 

ATWEEL, At Wbll, adv. TrrAj; assuredly ; fimn I 
wit wed ; that is, I wot well. Boaa. It is some- 
times abbrev. to 'Twed. 
ATWEEN, j)rg».' Between, 8. Y. Aiwbbm. 
ATWEESH, pr^. 1. Betwixt ; between. 2. Denoting 
the possession of any quality, or relation to any par- 
ticular state ; in a middling way, Aberd. Atuteen is 
nsed in the same sense. Atween Ike Inn, id., as, 
" How are ye the day T'— " Only aUoeen the two," 
that is, only so so, in respect of health, 8. These are 
often conjoined ; as, Atweeak an' oUeeen, so so, 
Aberd. Franc, tuiac, entuiadum; Belg. tuachen, 
between. Home Tooke says, that B. betwixt, is the 
imperative be, and the Gothic (<. e. Moes. G.) Itooi, 
•r two. Divert. ofPurUy. 
AU, interj. 1. Used like B. Ao, as expressive of snr> 




prLse, 8. Dan. au, oh, ezpreaslre of pain. %. An 

AucrmentlDg the force of mn alBrmi»Uon or negation ; 

H», Au ay«, O j&t ; Au nOt no^ Aberd. In countiei 

towards the soutb, O or o« la aaed Instead of au. 
ATA\ adv. 1. or all; as denoting arrangement or 

place, in eonnecUon with firit or last, 8. 2. At all, 8. 

R'iU. Corr. from q/or of, and all. 
AVAIL, Avals, «. 1. Worth; valus. Acta Ja. VI. 

2. Means ; property. SLuuarfi Abridgm. S. Actt. 
AVAILL,*. AUaaement ; hnmlliation. Dunbar. — Vr. 

avtU-er, avoZi-er, to fall down ; aeal, en descendant, 

au bas, en bos ; aJ wtU-em. Gl. HMiuefort. 
AVAILLOUK, «. Value. Vr. vaUitr. T. Valovb. 
AVAL, *. The same with Atil, Dumflr. 
To AUALE, V. n. To descend. V. At&il:^ DouoUu. 
To AUALK, «. n. To watch. Nieol Burru.—A, 8. 

awaere-an, vigilare. 
AVALOUll.«. Avaa Actt Mary, 
To AVAXCEf o. a. To advance. Keith App.—Vr. 

avanc-cr, id. 
AVANCEMENT, •. Advsncement Fr. AcU Ja. VT. 
AVAND, part. pr. Owing ; « being used for to, anj 

vice versa. Act JDoM. Cone. 
AUANT, AWA2IT, $, Boa»t; vaont; Ckaueer, Id. 

A VANTAGE, t. V. Svahtaoi. 
AVANTCURRIER, «. One of the forerunners of an 

arm J, the same, perha)^ that are now called picquet- 

guards. God$eroft.—'fr. avanteoureur, from avant, 

before, and courir, to run. 
AUCHAN) AcHAM, «. A species of pear of an excellent 

kind, and which keeps well; of Scottish origin. 


AUOUINDORAS, t. A large thorn-tree at the end of a 

house, Fife. 
AUCHLBT, from aueht eight, and lot part, as fir- 

(feird, foarth)-M is the fourth part of a boll. At 

two pecks to the stone, the AuchUt is merely the half 

of the firlotf or the audit lot or portion of a bolL 

AUCHLIT, t. Two stones weight, or a peck measure, 

being halfof the Kirkcudbright bushel, Oalloway. Diet. 
AUCHT, AwoHT (gutt.) pret. of Aw. 1. Possessed. 

Aukt, id. a. Brunne. Wyntown. 2. Owed ; was 

indebted, id. B. Brunno. WjfnUnan. 
AUCHT (ffuit.), V. imp. Ought ; should. DougUu. 

Auchten occurs in the same sense. Douglat. — A. 8. 

oA^-on, the thiid pers. plnr. pret of A. 8. ag-an, pos- 

AUCIIT, «. Possession ; property ; what is exclusively 

one's own. In aw my aueht, in all my possession ; 

Tiewed at its utmost extent, 8. Bannatyne Poemt. 

— A. 8. ahtj Hoes. G. aigin, aiku, pecullaris ao 

propria possessio. Y. Bbst Aucrt. 
Bio Auobt, t. A bad properly ; applied to an obstl- 

nate, iU-conditioned child, 6. 
BcsxT AoGHT, «. A phrase applied to one oon> 

temptoously, S. B. Boss. 
To AUCHT, V. a. 1. To own ; to be the owner of, 

Aberd. 2. To owe ; to bo indebted to ; used in a 

literal sense. This verb is evidently ub«1 in two dif- 
ferent senses. V. Aioh and Aigbt. 
AUCIIT, part. pa. Owed. 
AUCHT, (guU.) adf. Sight, 8. ; auhte, 0. K. Id. R. 

Brunne. Wyntown.— Moes. G. ahtau, A. 8. eaXt-a, 

Germ. oA/, Belg. acht, Isl. and 8a. G. att-a, Gael. 

oAtt Let. oof-o. 
AUCHT AND, AuoHmr, o^f. The eighth. III. aaUmde, 

octavos. DougUu. 

AUORTIGEN, AvoBTtKn, f. The aight part of a 
barrel, or a half flikln, Aberd. from owelt, eight, 
and ken or kin, the Teat termination used in the 
names of ressels. 

AUCTABY, s. Increase ; augmentation. €hv»fur^9 
Univ. Edin. — Lat. auetari-um, advantage ; overplus. 

AUOTBNTT, ad^j. Authentic. AeU Ja. V. 

AUDIE, «. A careless or stupid fellow. Ol. 8urv. 
Nairn. Probably allied to Isl. aud, Bu. G. od, oed, 
Teat, ood, facills, inanis ; q. a man of an easy dlQ>o- 
sitlon, who may be tamed any way. 

To AVEY, V. n. Perhaps to see to ; to attend to ; to 
advocate. Act. Dom. Cone. 

AVXNAND, adj. Elegant in person and manners. 
Gawan and Gol.—Wr. adnenant, avenani, handsome ; 
also, eourteoas. 

AVENTUBE, «. 1. Chance ; accident 2. Mischance, 
y. Amrria. Inaventure, adv. Lest; perchance. 
BeUenden, — Fr. d Vaventurtt ctaventurt, per- 

AVEB, Ana, AiviB, t. 1. A horse used for labour ; 
a cart-horse, 8. Bfilenden. 2. An old horse ; one 
that is worn out with labour, 8. Dunbar, This, 
althoqgh now the common signification, is evidently 
Improper, from the epithet auld being frequently 
conjoined. 8. A gelded goat, 8. Stat. Aee. V. 
HaaauB. — L. B. aferi, inffri, J amenta vel oavalli 
oolonici ; averia, averii, eqol, boves, J omenta. Du 
Cangt. V. Abaob. 

AVEBENE. Meaning doobtfoL Expl. Perhaps numey 
payable for the entry of oats ; from aver, oats. 

AVBBIS, «. Live stock, as including horses, cattle, 
Ac. V. AvBB, e^rmon, sense 2d. 

AVEBIL, a. Apparently a diminotlve ftrom aver, a 
beast for labour. Duiiibar. 

AVEBILE, AVTBTLB, «. April. WynUnon. 

AVEBIN. AVBBBN, AiVBBiB, s. Cloudberry or knout- 
berry, 8. Bubus chamaemorua, Linn. ; eaten as a 
dessert in the nnrth of 8. Ross. Peihaps from Germ. 
aver^ wild, and en, a term now applied in Su. O. 
to the berxy of the Juniper ; Gael, oidh'rae, oirak. 

AVEBTIT. part. pa. Overturned. BeUenden.— Wt. 
evert-ir, Lat evert-ere, to overthrow. 

ATTFALD at^j. Honest V. ArALD. 

AUGHIMUTT, Aucatzf crrr, adj. Mean ; paltry ; as, 
an auehimuty body, Loth. Perhaps from woe, waae, 
waoe, weak, and mod, mind, i. e. weak-minded. 

AUGHT, s. Of aught, of consequence ; of importance, 
Ayrs. Golfs Ann. of the PcaHth. 

AUGHT, part. pa. Owed. Act. Dom. Oonc 

AUGHTAND, paH. pr. Owing. AeU Cha. I. 

AVIL, s. The second crop after lea or grass, Galloway. 


AVILLOUa, adij. Contemptible; debased. Chron. 

Scot P. — ^Fr. avUif it, in oontemptionem addoctos. 

Diet. Tret. 
AUI8E, a. Advice ; counsel. Avis^ Ohaooer ; avya^ 

R. Brunne ; Fr. aoit. Douglas. 
AVTBB, AwisB, a. Manner ; fashion. DougHaa.^ 

A. 8. wisa, wiae, Alem. tmit, uuiaa, Belg. wyxe, 

mofles, manner ; with the common A. 8. prefix a. 
To AVI8E, V. ti. To deUbemte ; to advise. Keith's 

Hist.—Jfr. avi$-tr, to consider, to advise of. 
AUISION, a. Vision; Chaucer, id. JDoMas.— Fr. 

avitUm, vision, fantaisie. Gl. Roquefort. 
AUISMENT, t. Advice ; oounseL Pari. Ja. 7.— Fr. 

aviaement. Id. 
AUKWABT, AwKWABT, prtp. Athwart ; bcxoosl 





AULD, «. Age. Apb. HcaniUowi.-'A. & acid, 
senwtQS, Hoes. Q. aids, aetu. T. £ilo. 

AULD, adj. Old. V. Ald. 

AULD-AUNTIB, a. The aunt of one's father or 
mother, Olydes. T. ADU>-FATina. 

AULD-rATHBA, «. A grandftiUier ; a term used by 
Bome in the west of 8.— A. 8. eald-faedert Belg. cud- 
Toder, avus ; Dan. <Ade-vader, a great grandfather. 

AULDFABRBN, AuLD-rAaaAHD, o^f, fiagadons, 8. ; 
au^fiyrand, id. A. Bor. JEiaMCQp.— Moes. O. ald^ 
old, and BmeA.fBtr-a, Germ, far-en^ ezperiri : 8wed. 
fart», Isl. /arifin, peritus ; Belg. aervaaren, skilf uL 

AULD-HBADIT, wHJ. Shrewd; sagadoixflb Cljdes. 
Syn. Lano-keadit. 

AULD LANG8TNB. A very expresslTe phrase, refer- 
"Mng to days that are long past, 8. Y. under 8TXB. 

AULD-MOITD, a4/« Bagacions in disooarse ; some- 
times implying the idea of oraft» 8. B. Bum. — From 
amid, old, and m<w' or mo«o, the month. 

AULD 800CH. ▼. under 8oitoh, «. 

AULD THIEF, t. One of the designatioos given to 
the devil. PerOt qf Man. 

AULD THBEEP, s. A snperstllion, Dumfries. T. 

AULD-UNCLB, t. The unole of one's Ihther or mother, 

AULD-WARLD, a^j. Antique; antiquated, 8. Fer- 
fftuon. — From auid, old, and toarld, world. 

AULD TEAR. To "wauke the auld year 'into the 
new,* is a popular and expresaiTe phrase for watching 
until twdre o'clock announces the new year, when 
people are ready at their neighbours' houses with kd 
ptntt and buttered caku, eagerly waiting to be>Irf(- 
foot, as it is termed, and to regale the family yet in 
bed. Much care is taken, that the persons who enter, 
be what are called mmtiefoUc ; for on the admission 
of the flrst-foot depends the prosperity or trouble of 
the year." Grtmek'* Nithsdale Song. Y. Hbt- 

AULdN. 8co¥ti^uli7t, Dirty Avdin, the arctic gull, 
Orkn. Loth. Pennant. Y. Sgouti>Auliv, and 


AULNAGSR, t. Apparently a legal measurer of cloth. 
AcU Ja. Vl.—lmax Fr. aidnaott msasoring with an 
ell, aulfie, L. B. cUno, an ell. 

AULTRAGES, Aultbbaobs, «. pi. The emoluments 
arising from the offerings made at an altar, or from 
the rents appointed for the support of it. Spotswood. 
— L. B. altaroff-iuinf dUerag-ium, obrentio altaris. 
Du Canoe, 

AUMEBIL, t. 1. One who has little understanding or 
method in his conduct 2. Often applied to a mon- 
grel dog ; perhaps from his having no steady power 
of instinct, 8elkirks. 

AUMEB8, t. pi. Embers. Y. Axnn. 

AUMOUa, AuMis, ff. An alms, 8. Y. Alhous. 

AUM&IE, Awioiia, «. A large press or cupboard, 
where food and utensils for housekeeping are laid 
up. Heart of Mid-Loth. — Fr. "aumoiVe, a cup- 
board, ambrie, almstub." Cotgr. ; aumonerie, the 
place in monasteries in which alms were deposited. 
In 0. S. ambry denoted "the place where the anns, 
plate, vessels, and eveiythlng belonging to house- 
keeping were kept" Y. Alukrib. 

MucKLB AuMRiB, s. A figurative expression applied 
to a big, stupid, or senseless person, Meams. The 
idea seems borrowed from an empty press. 

To AUNTEB, Awbttr, v. a. To hasard ; to put into 
the power of accident JBorfroiir.— Fr. aoen^ur^er, 

r^squer, mettre au hasard. D^ct. Tree. Aunter is 
Uied by Chaucer and Gower in a neuter sense. Y. 
Abtbr, v. 

AUNTER, t. Adventure ; O. S. antre, R. Brunne. 
Sir Gawan and Sir 0al.— Fr. aven^ttre, ottenture, 

AUNTEREN8^ adv. Perchance; peiadventiffe, Ber> 

AUNTEROUS, Oi^'. Adventurous, m. Sibb.-^O. Fr. 
aventnreuat, haardj ; L. B. adventor-im. GL 

To AYOYD qf. To remove from. LeiL Q. Mary, 
Keith*t Hiet.—Tt. tuider, to void, to evacuate. 

To AYOKE, V. a. To call away ; to keep off. lAt. 
aeoo-ore. Baillie. 

AYOUTERIE, AovooTBRri, t. Adulteiy. Gl. SOb.^ 
0. Fr. avoutrie, ItaL aeoUerio, Lat admlter-iuuht 
Teut vowter-en, fomicare, camerare. 

AYOW, Avows, i. 1. A vow ; used in the same vense 
by Chaooer. J>ou0Uu. 2. Discovery, declamtlon ; 
in modem language, avowal. MimtnUy Bord.-^Vt. 
avon-er, to oonfesa. 

2V»AY0W, v.a. To devote by a vow. BeUenden. 

To AYOW, v.n. To vow. Bdlenden. 

AUREATE, Awuin, adj. Golden. DwglQt. L. B. 

AU8KERRIB, s. A scoop, ShetL 8w. oci-ftar, K 
scoop. From Su. G. oet^i, Dan. oet-er, Isl. am-a, to 
draw, and 8u. G. tor, a vessel ; literally, anu-kerrie 
is a drawing vesseL 

AUSTERN, Aatbritb, Astrbv, adj. 1. Having an 
austere look. 2. Having a flrightful or ghastly ap^ 
pearanoe ; like a dying person, Roxb. Belkirks. 

AUSTEB, 04/. Austere ; harsh. J7enrysone.~A. & 
oitige, knotty; from oet, Teut oett, a knot, properly 
in wood. Lord Hailes and others have viewed this 
word as merely a oorr. of amtere. 

AUSTROUa, a4j. Frightful ; ghasUy, Upper Clydes. 
Bdin. Mag., May 1820. 

AUTENTTFE, a4j. Authentic Colkdbie Sow. 

* AUTHOR, M. 1. Ancestor ; predecessor ; frequently 
used in this sense in our old Acts. 2. One who le- 
gally transfers property to another ; a forensic term, 
8. Ersk. Jnst. 8. An informer, Aberd. ; synon. 
with Lat auctor, a reporter or teller. 

AUWIS-BORE, «. The circular vacuity left in a piece 
of wood, from a knot coming out of it, 8. B. Probably 
the same as Elv-Borb, q. v. 

AUX-BIT, t. A nick in the form of the letter Y, cut 
out of the hinder part of a sheep's ear, Ayrs. Bab- 
bit, synon., Clydes. Perhaps from Hoes. G. auto, 
the ear, and Isl. bit, bite or cut 

AW, sometimes to be viewed as the third person Angu- 
lar of the V. ; signifying owed, ought WaUaoe. 

To AW, AwB, V. a. To owe, 8. fTaOace.— Isl. aot 
atte^ debeo, debuit ; A. 8. 09, ahte ; Bu. G. a ; Moes. 
G. aih, habeo, imperf. aiht-a. Y. Atoh, Aucrt. 

AW, used for All, S. Bannatyne P. Wyth aw, withal. 

AWA, ado. 1. Away ; the general pronunciation in 8. 
2. In a swoon. 8. At all. In speaking of a deceased 
relation, there is a peculiar and lovely delicacy in 
this national idiom. When one cannot avoid a re- 
ference to the departed, instead of mentioning the 
name, or specifying the particular tie, as if it were 
meant to prevent any unnecessary excitement of 
feeling, either in the q>eaker or in the hearer, or as 
If naming the person were a kind of profanation of 
the hallowed silence of the tomb, or as if the most 




distant aUiuion were more than enough — it is usual 
to speak of tkem thati avn ; the plural being most 
oommooly used, as if the beloved object were re- 
moved to a still more respectful distance, than by a 
more familiu* use of the singular. 

AWA> r THS HEAD. Deranged ; beside one's self, 
Roxb. 8jn. By Aimtdl, bff kerull. 

To AWAIL, AwAL, V. a. 1. To let fall. Barb<mr. 8. 
To descend ; used in a neuter sense. Wallace. 3. 
To fall backward, or tumble down hill, Roxb. Clydes. 
Gl. Sibb. — Fr. awU-er, to go, or fall, down ; also, to 
let fiUl ; Teut. <^-«aU*en, decldere ; af-val, casus ; 
8a. G. a/alf offal, lapsus. 

AWATIi, AwAiLL, t. Advantage ; superiority. Wal- 

To AW AnX, AwiiLTB, V. n. To avail. B irbour. 

AWAL, AwALD, «. A term applied to a field lying the 
secood year without being ploughed ; lea of the second 
year, that has not been sowed with artificial grasses, 

AWALD, ad^. Belonging to the second crop after lea, 

AWALD-CBAP, t. The second crop after lea, Ayrs. 
AtwaUt Clydes. ; avU, CMloway; awcU, more com- 
monly aioardt, Angus. Y. Awau>-Crap. 

AWAI#-INFIEUO, ». The second crop after bear. 
Svaro. Banff$. 

AWAL>LAND, «. Ground under a second crop, 

AWALL AITS. The second crop of oats after grass, 
Meams. Y. Awat. 

AWALD oa AW ALT SHEEP. One that has fallen on 
its back, and cannot recover itself. If not raised, it 
sickens, swells, and dies, Roxb. Gl. Sibb. Y. Awail. 

AWALD, AWALT, part. adj. In a supine state ; lying 
on the back, S. 

To Fa' Awalt. To fall, without the power of getting 
up again ; originally applied to a sheep, hence to a 
person intoxicated ; hence the phimse, to roll awild, 
& A. 

2^ DiB AwALD. To die in a supine state. S. A. 

To AWANCS, V. a. To advance. Wallace.— -Tt. 
avanc-er, id. - 

To AWANT, v.a. 1^ boast. DottoUu. 

AWARD-CRAP, «. A crop of com after several others 
in succession ; hence called award, or avflnoardcropt. 
Agr. Surv. Berw. 

AWART, adv. A sheep Is said to lie awart, when it 
has Ikllen on its back in such a situation Uiat it can- 
not rise again, Roxb. Synon. AwaU, q. v. 

A-WASTLS, iirep. To the westward of ; figuratively, 
distant firom, Ettr. For. 

AWAT, t. Ground ploughed after the first crop from 
lea. The crop produced is called the awat-crap ; 
also pronounced award. Ang. atfil ; Galloway, 
aewall; Clydes. id. — A. 8. c/ed, pastus, a/-a<, de- 
pastus ; or, 8u. G. awat, afai, deficiens ; or perhaps 
firom of -vol, diminution, as the same with Awalt, 
q. V. 

AWAWARD, t. The vanguard. BairhmMr. Fr. avant- 

AWAY. This word seems to have been used occasion- 
ally as a verb. Barbour. — A. S. aweo, away, may be 
viewed as the impeiat. of auMU^-an, to take away, or, 
awtgo-an, to depart. 

AWAYDRAWING, «. The act of drawing off, or turn- 
ing aside ; applied to a stream of water. Act. Bom. 

AWAYlfXNTISk i. pl- ContultatioD% Gl. Perhaps 

preparations, or preliminaries. WjfiUown. —Perhaps 
from O. Fr. avoy-er, to put in train ; avoymenl, en- 
qu^t^, ouverture ; de via, Ol. Boquffort. 

AWAY-PUTTING, t. The complete removal of any- 
thing, of that especiaXlj which is oflTensire or noxious. 
ActiJa. VI. 

AWAY-TAKEN, part. pa. Carried off; removed. 
AcU Cha. II. 

AW AY-TAKER, «. The person who removes or carries 
away. Acti Mary. 

AWAY-TAKING, f. Removal ; act of carxying off. 
Balfour* » Pract. 

To AWBAND, v. a. To bind with an Aweband, 
Lanark s. 

AWBYRCHOWNE, Awbkbchboitit, #. The habergeon, 
or breastplate. ITyntown.— Fivic. haleberge, Isl. 
liaUbeorg, collare chalybeum ; from halt, the neck, 
and berga, to defend ; Fr. haubergeon ; L. B. kalber- 

AWfiLASTSR, «. 1. A crossbow-man ; alblattere, and 
arblaet, 0. E. Barbour. 2. The crossbow itself; 
Fr. arbaUete. WaUace.—Vx. arbdettier, L. B. 
oraAaliita, arbalitta. 

AW-BUND, AwBuv', adj. Not at liberty to act as one 
would wish ; restricted by a superior, Roxb. Y. Awe- 
BABD. Or it may be compounded of awe and bund, 


To AWCUT, AucHT, AuoHX, v^ a. To owe. Peblit to 
the Play. Y. Aw. 

AWCY, «. Perhaps pain ; tonnent. Sir Gavoan and 
Sir Oal. A. S. aoe, aeee, dolor. 

AWEBAND, AwBABD, «. 1. A band for tying bhu:k 
cattle to the stake ; consisting of a rope on one 'aide, 
and a piece of wood, shaped like a kame-blade, or the 
half of a horse's collar, oa the other. It keeps in 
order the more unruly animals, and prevents them 
from throwing their heads from one side of the stake 
to the other ; Loth. Lanarks. 2. A check, a restraint. 
Bdlenden. 3. Used in a moral sense, to denote what 
inspires respect and reverence ; what curbs and 
checks, or prevents a man from doing things in which 
he might otherwise indulge himself, 8. — Perhaps from 
Dan. aag, a yoke, and band ; q. the band by which 
the yoke is fastened. 
, AWEDB, adj. In a state approaching to insanity. Sir 
Tristrem.—A. 8. aioed-an, awoedran, insanire. 

AWEEL, adv. Well. Guy Mannering. 

To AWENT, r. a. To cool or refresh by exposing to 
the air. Barbour.— A, S. awynd-wian, ventilare, 
from wind, ventus. 

A WERT Y, AuBXTT, a4j. Cautious ; experienced ,auerty. 
R. Brunne. Barbour.— Wt. averti, wamerl, advertised. 

AWFALL, adj. Honest; upright. Y. Afald. 

AWFULL, Awru', adj. Implying the idea of what is 
very great ; excessive ; used generally in a bad 
sense, 8. 

A'WHERB, adv. Everywhere, 8. A'wheret, Ettr. 
For. Syn. Alqyhare. 

AWIN, AwTB, AwRB, adj. Own ; proper, S. awne; 
Gl, Torkt , id This is the common pron. of the 
south of 8. ; in other parts, ain. WaUaoe. — Moes. 
G. aigin^ aihn, proprius, A. 8. agtn. Germ, eighen, 
Belg. eyghen, Su. G. egen, id., from their respective 
verbs denoting right or property. 

AWINGI8, $. pi. Arrears ; debts. " Dettls, awingit, 
comptea.** Aberd. Beg. 

AWI^ 9. Manner; fashion. Y. Avtsb. 

AWISB, AwrsBB, adj. Prudent; considente ; 
cautioua Barbour,—^. aviM^ prudens, cautua, 




eoiutdeaAtas ; dedneed In Diet. Trer. flrom Cloth. 
toit-an, A. S, vU-an, with ad prefixed, L. B. avitare. 

AWISBLY.odo. Pnidenay ; eircom^fpecUy. Burbaw, 

AWISS, i. Potashes. Aberd. Reg, 

kyriTTlSS. Used In eoi\Janetion with me, kirn, her, 
Ac, as denoting what is without the priracj of the 
person referred to ; unwitting, Domfir. The pronoun 
may either be viewed as in the datire, as, unwiUing to 
1M, or in the ablative absolute, as, me tMwittino. 

AWKIR^ t. To ding to awkir, to dash to jtleces, 
Aberd. Parhaps from E. ochre, 

AWM, t. Alum, S. 

To AWM, V. a. To dress skins with alum, 8. 

AWM'T LEATHER. White leaUier. 

AWMON, Ubwhoh, t, A helmet. (7t. Sibb. 

AWMOTTS. s. A cap or cowl ; a covering for the head ; 
printed awmoiu. Houlate M8, — ^L. B. almuc-ia, O. 
Fr. ottmuMe, from Oerm mutse, 8. muCdk, q. t. If 
it should be read mwmons, it maj refer to a helmet. 


AWMOUS, f. Alms, S. TheJ-nHquary. V. ALMors. 

AWMOUS-BISH, f . The wooden dish in which mendi- 
cants receive their alnu, when given in meat. Bums. 

AWNER, AwKAR, s. An owner ; a proprietor. JTa'uil- 
toun't Cat. Colkdbie Sow,—^JL,. S. agn-ian, aegn-ian, 
ahn-ian, possidere. 

AWNS, t. pi. The beards of com, 8. Ane$, Prov. E. 
Bar awnSf the beards of borlej. Ang. Perths. — 
Moea. O. aKana, 8u. Ot. agn, Or. dxya, ^XV^t 
chair ; Alem. agenOi id. ; also, a shoot or btalk. 

AWNED, AwKiT, adj. Having beards; applied to grain, 8. 

AWNY, a^. Bearded, 8. Picken't Poems. 

AWNIE, adj. Bearded, & Bums. Y. Awxs. 

AWONT, part. adj. Accustomed to. Aberd, Beg. — 
A. 6. avmn-ian, accustomed to. 

AWORTH, adv. " Worthily." TjftUr, King's Quair. 
— A. 8. avryrth-ian, glorificare. 

AWOUNDEBIT. part. pa. SuTprised ; struck with 
wonder. Douglas. 

AWOYIT, pret. Avowed. Acts Ja. VJ. 

To AWOW, «. n. To vow. PitscoUie, 

AWOW, interj. Equivalent to Alas, 8. B, ; also to 

'^loftow. JiodI; and Wee Fickle Tow. 
AWP, Weauf, s. The eorlew, a btrd, 8. Cl, SOb, Y. 


AWRANOOns, adj. Felonious; ".iioraivoiM away- 
taking.** Aberd. Beg. 
AWRO. Probably a wro, a comer. Ql. CempHaynt S 

8u. O. wra, pron toro, angulus. 
AW8, Awn of a miU-^i^ed, s. The buckets or projec- 
tions on the rims which receive the shock of the 

water as it fUls, 8. Statist. Aee. 
AW8 of a WindanUl. The sails or shafts on which the 

wind acts, Aberd. 
AWSK, s. The newt or eft Y. Ask. 
AW80HE, AwBOMB, ac^f. 1. Appalling ; awful ; 

caudng terror. Butherfard, 7%e Antiquary, 2. 

Xzciting terror ; as supposed to possess pretematuml 

power. 3. Expressive of terror. Ouy Mannering. 
AW8TRENE, a<^. 8tera ; austere. J^enrysone Y. 

AsTKXKB. — Lat. auster-us, or A. 8. stym. 
AWTATNE, adj. Haughty. Wfntown.—O, f . kan- 

tain, grand, sublime, elev4. Ol, Boqut/ort, Prom 

Lat. aU-vs. 
AWTE, s. 1. The direction in which a stone, a piece 

of wood, fto. splits ; the grain, Abenl. S. ITsed, but 

perhaps Impropeily, for a flaw In a stone. Ol. Smv, 

Nairn and Moray. 
AWTER, «. An altar. Ghaooer, id. 0. Fr. auUere, 

Lat. altare, Barbour, 
To AX, «. a. To ask, 8. Aeched. axede, asked. R. 

Qlouc. ^ Buddiman. — A. 8. oAx/an, ax-ian^ interro- 

AXIS, AcKSTS, f . pi. Aches ; pains. Axes, id., Orkn. 

King's Quair.—A.. 8. aeee^ dolor; egesa, horror; 

Moes. G-. agis. terror. Hence, E. ague. 
AX-TREE, s. An axle-tree, 8— A. 8. eax, em ; Alem. 

oKsa ; Germ, adise, axis ; perhaps from Isl. ak-n, to 

ddve a chariot or dray. O. Andr. 
ATONT, prep. Beyond, 8. Aw.— -A. 8. geand, ultra, 

with a prefixed; or on, as afiddf <Hrlglnally on 


To BAA, V. n. 1. To cry as » calf, Ettr. For. Hogg, 

2. To bleat as a sheep, Ayrs. -Colt. 
BAA,«. Thecryofacalf; the bleat of a sheep. Y. Bak. 

BAA, s. A rock in the sea seen at low water. £4- 
mofu. ZeU. Norw. boe, *' a bottom, or bank In the 
sea, on which the waves break." Mallager. 

BAACH, a4j. Ungnteful to the taste. Y. Baucb. 

BAB, ff. 1. A nosegay, qr bunch of flowers, JPicken's 
Poems. 2. A tassel, or a knot x)f ribbons, or the loose 
ends of such a knot, Fife ; whence the compounds 
Lug-^tab and Wooer-bab, q. v. 8. Applied to a 
cockade, 8. " A cockit hat with a 6a6 of blue rib- 
bands at it." Old Mortality. 

To BAB, V. n. 1. To play backwards and forwards 
loosely, 8. ; synon. with E. Bob. 2. To dance, Fife. 
Hence Bab at tke bowster, or Bab lei* the bowster, a 
very old Scottish dance, formerly the last dance at 
weddings and merrymakings. 

To BAB, «. a. To close ; to shut, Ayrs. Train. 

To BABBIS, V. a. 1. To scoff ; to gibe. 2. To brow- 
beat. Ayrs. From the same origin with Bob, a taunt, 
q. ▼. 

BABT, 9, Abbrev. of the name Barbara, 8. 

BABIE, Bawbib, Rawbkb, s. A copper coin equal to 
a halfjpenny English, 8. Knox. The following 
curious tradition, with rq^nl to the origin of this 
term, is still current in Fife: — **^ hen one of tiie 
infant kings of ScoUand, of great expectation, was 
shown to the public, for the preservation of order the 
price of admission was in proportion to tiie rank of 
the visitant The eyes of the superior claaaes being 
feasted, their retainers and the moblli^ were ad- 
jnltted at the rate of six pennies each. Henoe this 
piece of money being the price of seeing the royal 
Sabie, it received the name of BoMe."— -Fr. bas^iece, 
base or billon money. 

BABIE-PICKLE, s. The small grain (the Babie) 
whioh lies In the bosom of a larger one, at the top of 
a stalk of oats, 8. Y. Pioklb. 

BABTYM, «. Baptism. **Baptym and maraage." 
Aberd. Beg. Corr. from Fr. baptime. 

BACCALAWREATT, t. The degree of Biichelor in 
a universi^, or Master of Arts. ^cli Cha. 




DACHSLAR^ t. A Uushelor In Arts. Cromf. Him. 

Univ. Bdin, 
BACHILLK, M. A pendicle, or qpot of arable ground, 

Fife. Lamonti Diary.—O. Vr. bachU denoted u 

miich frronnd ma twenty oxen could labour in one 

hoar. — Itoqit/^ort, 
HKOUitKHl^ paurt. pr, Shamblinff. T. Bavoblb. 
To BACHLB, «. a. To distort ; to Tlliiy. ▼. Badchlx, 

V. «. 
To BAOHLE, «. n. To ebamble, Ac Y. Saucbu, 

V. n. 
B AOHLE8, t. Old shoea, eqiectally down in the heels. 
B ACHLBIT, peart, pa, A particular mode of exposing 

to sale.— Perhaps from Vr. taeeol'er, **to lift or 

heaTe often up and downe.** Ootgr. 
BACHKAM, «. A baekram •' dirt, an adhestve spot 

of flltb ; what has dropped from a cow on a hard spot 

of ground, Dumfr. Gael. 5i«MA<xr, cow-dung, ▼. 

BACK, ». An Instrument for toasting bread abore the 

fire, made of pot-metal, 8. — Oenn. backen^ to bake. 

Yorks. taelr-stotie, * ' a stone or iron to bake cakes on." 
BACK, i, A large Tat used by brewers and others for 

cooling liquors, 8.— Teot. tadr, Belg. tele, a trough. 
BACK, Baokibo, «. A body of followers, or supporters, 

8. HoiUie. From A. &6ae,taee,Bu. G.teJk, tognm. 
A SraoBO Back, t. A laige body of fbUowera. 
A Tbib Back, t, A mall party of followers. OMtkr^i 

BACK. ». The hin«ler part of the body ; the outer part 
of the hand or body, or of anything ; the rear. 

* BACK, «. 1. Tlu hade <ff my hand to you, I wiU hare 
nothing to do with yon ; addressed to one whone con- 
duct or opinions we dislike. 2. The back Is said to be 
t^ or set upi as ezpfeasive of anger, as, " His bade 
wa.H up in a moment,** as a cat's. 

BACK, ode. Behind ; towanl tilings past ; whence one 
came ; backwards. 

BACK AT THE WA', Unfortunate ; in trouble. One's 
bade is said to be of lAe tea' when one is in an unfor- 
tunate state in whateTer respect. 

To BACK (a letter). To write the direction on a letter ; 
frequently applied to the mere maniial performance, 
as» " .4 b m-badeU Utier,'* one with the direction iU 
written, 8. 

BACK, «. Applied to one who has changed his mode 
of living ; as, " He's the bade <rf an auld fanner,'* he 
was once a farmer. 

BACK, 9. A wooden trough for carrying fuel or aahea^ 
Boxb. The same with Backbt, q. t. Rob Roy, 

BACK ABO VORS. Backwards and forewards, 8. 

BAGKBANB, Bakbaxd, «. A bond or obligation, in 
which one person engages that another shall recelTe 
no injury at law in consequence of a disposition, or 
any similar deed, which the latter has made in favour 
of tlie former; a bocd which virtually nullifies a 
former one that has bee i entered into to senre a 
special purpose, 8. Aett Cha. I. 

BACK-BUN, «. A back-burthen ; a load on the back. 

BACK -BIT, #. A nick on the back part of a sheep's 
Mur ; the same with Acx-Bit, q. t. 

BACK-BRIAD, «. A kneading-trough. 8. Belg. bak, id. 

BACK-CA8T, ». 1. A relapse into trouble ; or some- 
thing that retards the patientfs recovery. 2. A mis> 
fortune ; something which, as it were, throw one 
badk tnm a state of prosperity into adverst^, 8. 
TaUt of if y Landlord, 

BACK-CAST, ««(/. BetroipcctiTB. ToKHOhiU, 

BACKCAW, «. The same as badecoit, S. Only the 

latter is formed by means of the v. oast, the other by 

that of eaw, q. ▼. 
BACKCHALB8, f. jrf. Meaning doubtlU. Old shoes? 

Perhaps the same as BACK-rsAB, q. ▼. 
BACK-COMB, Baox-oomibo, s. Betnm. Spalding. 
To BACK-COMB, «. n. To return. Spaldinif. 
BACK-DOOH-TBOT, «. the diarrho^a. Fy-gait-hg, 

BACKDRAUGHT, «. 1. The act of inspiraUon in 

breathing. 2. The convulsive icspiiation of a child 

in the hooping-cough, during a fit of the disease, 8. 
BACK-DRAWEB, «. An apostate ; one who recedes 

finom his former profession or course. JfTTanTs 

BACKS, «. The bat. Y. Bak. BAOXiB-mao. 
BACK-END 0* HAIBST, t. the Utter part of hai^ 

vest, 8. 
BACK-END 0* THE YEAR. The latter part of the 

year, 8. TriaU of M. Lfndaay. 
BACK-END, 9. An eUipais of the preeeding phraiie. 


BACKET, «. 1. A square, wooden trough, used for 
carrying coals, or ashes, 8. ; called also Coal-badcet, 
Aiu-badeet^ 8. 2. A trough for carrying lime and 
mortar to masons, Fife, Loth. 8. A small wooden box, 
of an oblong form, with a sloping lid, (resembling 
the roof of a house,) fastened by leathern bands, kept 
at the side of the fire to keep the salt dry. It is 
generally oalled the SaMit^adcei, Dimin. from Tent. 
backt linter; Belg. bak, a trough.— Fr. baoquet, a 
small and shallow tub. 

BACKET-STANB, s. A stone at the kitchen fire-side 
for the SaiiU-ba€keL Duff't Poema. 

BACKFA', «. The side-sluice or outlet of a milMead, 
or mill-dam, near the breast of the water-wheel, and 
through which the water ruuM when the mill is set, 
or when the water is turned off the wheel, Roxb. 

BACK-FEAR, «. An oi^ect of tenror tarn behind. 
PUaoottie. Y. Baoxobalbs. 

BACK-FRIEND, «. 1. One who supports another ; an 
abettor. Brwo^$ LeetmrtM, In E. the sense is directly 
opposite. Johnson ddlnes it "an enemy in secset " 
2. Metaph. a place of strength btkind an army. 
Monro*a Sxped. 

BACK-FIT, «. As much as can be carried on the back, 

BACKGAIN, ff. A decline ; a consumption, 8. 

BACKGAIN, Back-Ga'kw, adj. From the adv. bade, 
and «. gae, to ga 1. Receding ; a backaaln tide, a 
tide in the state of ebbing. 2. Declining in health ; 
as, a badcgaln bairn, a child in a decaying state. 3. 
Declining in worldly circumstances ; as, a baekga'n 
family, a family not thriving in temporal concerns, 
but going to decay, 8. • 

BACKGANE, part a. Hi-grown ; as, a badeoant gtit, 
an ill-grown child, 8. 

BACKGATE, ff. 1. An entry to a house, court, or 
area, from behind. 2. A road or way that leads be- 
hind. 8. Used in regard to conduct ; **Yetak aye 
badtgatet," jou never act openly, but still use cir- 
cuitous or shuflling modes, 8. 4. It also signifies a 
course directly immoral, 8. 

BACK-HALF, ff. The worst half of anything. TV be 
worn to the bade-kaHf, to be nearly worn ont, La- 

To BACK-HAP, «. n. To draw back tnm an agree- 
ment ; to resile, Abeid. 

BACKIN, ff. The day after a wedding. Bamtay. 




BACKINGS, «. pi. Ref^xse of wool or fl«x, or what Is 
left after dressing it, used for coarser stuffs, S. 
SUUiMi. ^oe.— Swed. bokla lin, to dress flax. 

BAORIN' TUKF, i. A tarf laid oa a low cottace-Are 
at bed-time, as a bade, to keep It alire till morning ; 
or one placed against the Atui, in putting on a new 
torf-^re, to support the side turfs, Teriod. 

BACK-JAR, ». 1. A sly. Ill-natured objection or oppo- 
sition. 2. An artful evasion, Aberd. 

BACKLIN8, adv. Backwards ; as. To ffoe ftadklin* ; 
to go with the face turned opposite to the coune one 
takes, 8. T. the termination Lihois. 

BACK-LOOK, t. 1. Betrospecave Tiew ; used llteiallj. 
2. A rerlew ; denoting the act of the mind. Walker's 

BACKftI AN, Bakman, a. A follower in war ; sometimes 
equivalent to B. hendiman, S. A. Hoffg. 

BACK-OWRB, ode. Behind ; a considemble way back, 

BACK-RAPE, t. The band that goes over the back of 
a horse In the plough, to support the theeU or traces, 

BACK-RENT, «. A mode af appointing the rent of a 
fhrm, by which the tenant was always three terms In 
arrears, Berw. 

BACKS, f . pi. The outer boards of a tree when sawed, 

BACK-SET, $. The sirloin of beef. Y. 8bt. 

BACK-SET, $. 1. A check ; anytliing tliat prevents 
growth or vt^tatlon, 8. 2. Whatsoever causes a re- 
lapse, or throws one bade in any course, S. Wodrow. 
— E. back and $U. 

BACKSET, r. A sub-lease, restoring the possession, 
on certain conditions, to some of those who were 
primarily Interested In it. Spalding. 

BACKSET, part, pa. Wearied ; fatigued. Buchan. 

BACKSIDE, i. 1. The area, plot, and garden behind 
the house. 2. BacktideSt in Heams, denotes all the 
ground between a town on the sea-coast and the sea. 
8. The more private entrances into a town by the 
back of it, Ayrs. 

BACKSPANa, «. A trick, or legal quirk, by which 
one takes the advantage of another, after everything 
seemed to have been settled in a baigaia, 8. — B<ide 
and igpang, to spring. 

BACKSPARE, t. Baekspare of breeches ; the deft, 8. 
y. Spari. 

BACK-SPAULD, i. The hinder part of the shoulder. 
The Pirate. 

To BAOK-SPEIR, v. a. 1. To trftce a report as far hack 
as possible, 8. 2. To cross-question, 8. Bade and «petr, 
to examine. Y. Spiaa, v. 

BACK-SPEIRER, BAOK-SPBABia, t. A cross-ezaml- 
nator, 8. Cleland. 

BACK8PRENT, s. 1. The back-bone, 8. from bade, 
and 8. ^prerU, a spring ; in allusion to the clastic 
power of the spine. 2. The spring of a reel for 
winding yam to reckon how much Is reeled. 3. The 
spring or catch which fUls down and enters the lock 
of a chest. 4. The spring In the back of a clasp- 
knife, 8. 

BACKTAOK, Baoktakb, «. A deed by which a wad- 
setter, instead of himself possessing the lands which 
he has in wadset, gives a lease of them to the reverser, 
to continue In force till they are redeemed, on condi- 
tion of the payment of the interest of the wadset sum 
as rent. LL. 8. Acti C^. I. 

BACK-TREAD, «. Retrogression. 

BACK-TREES, «. The JoisU in a cot-honae, Ac., BozN 

BACK-WATER, t. The water in a mlll-rsee which is 
gorged up by ice, or from the swelling of the liver 
below, and cannot get off. When it can easily get 
away It is called Tailwaler. 

BACKWIDDIE, BACcwoonia, t . The band or chain 
over the cart-saddle which supports the shafts of the 
cart, 8. B. ; q. the witkjf that crosses the back. 
Synon. Rigwiddie. 

BAD BREAD, To be in bad bread. To be in a state 
of poverty or danger. 

BADDERLOCK, Baodsuloou, f . A species of eatable 
fucus, 8. Lightfoot. 

BADDOCK, ff. ApparenUy the ooal-fish, or Gadus car- 
bonarins, Aberd. The fry of the coal-flsh. SStatiet. 

BADDORDS, «. III. Low imillery ; vulgarly baUten, 
Bon. Corr. of bad wtrdt, 

BADE, pret. of Bina, q. v. 

BADE, Baid, s. 1. Delay, tanylng But bade, with- 
out dehiy. Wallace. 2. Place of residence, abode. 

BADGE, «. A large. Ill-shaped burden, Selkirks.— Isl. 
bagge, baggi, onub, sarcina. 

To BADGER, « a. To beat ; as, ''Badger the loon," 
beat the lascal, Pife. 

BADGER-REESUIL, «. A severe blow. Y. RsnsiL, 
and Beat thb Badokk. 

BADGDS, t. Cognisance ; armorial beating. Y. Bacoik. 

BADLYING, ». A low scoundrel. Scot. Poeme Re- 
printed. — Franc, baudding, a cottager. 

BAD-MONEY, Bald-Homet, «. The plant Gentian, 

BADNYSTIE,t. Silly stuff. DougUu.^Yt. badinage. 

BADOGH, 9. A marine bird of a black colour. Sib- 

BADRANS, Batheowb, «. A designation for a cat, 8. 
Henrygone. Bums. 

BAB, s. The sound emitted in bleating ; a bleat, 8. 
Ramsof. Baa, E.— Fr. bee, id. 

To BAE, V. n. To bleat ; to cry as a sheep, 8. Tarry 
Woo. Both these words are formed, apparently, fh>m 
the sound. 

BAFF, BBPr, c. I. A blow ; a stroke. S. A Jog with 
the elbow, 8. B. Jamieson's Popular BaUads.—VT. 
buffs, a stroke ; 8u. G. baefuHi, Isl. bif-a, to move or 
shake ; bifan, concussion. 

To BAFF, V. a. To beat, 8. Y. Bbpp. 

BAFF, s. A shot, 8. B. Gl. Antiquary. 

BAFFLE, s. 1. A trifle ; a thing of no value, Orkn. 
Sutherl. 2. Used in Angus to denote what is either 
nonsensical or incredible ; as, *' Thafs mere baffle.** 
Perhaps dimin. from Teut beffe, nngae, 6^en, 

BAFFLE, s. A portfolio, Meams. Synon. Blad. 

BAG, pret. of «. Built ; from To Big, bigg, to buUd, 8. 
Jacobite Bdics. 

To BAG, «. a. To cram the belly ; to distend it by 
much eating. Hence, A. Bor. bagging-Hme, baiting- 
time. Grose. 

BAG,«. A quiver. CftrtcftiTtrX;.— Dan.(aia,aaheath, 
a scabbard. 

BAG, s, 1. To give at gie one the bag, f . e. to give 
one the slip ; to deceive one whose hopes have been 
raised. Loth. 2. To Jilt In love, lAnarks. 

BAG, Baooaoe, t. Terms of disrespect or reprehonslon 
applied to a child.— Teut. bdtgh, pner, said in con- 
tempt ; E. b(Kfgage, a worthless woman. 

BAG Am BAGGAGE. One's whole moveable property 




la the pI«oe from which the remoyal Is made, as well 
aa the implements used for containing the property, 
and for conveying it away. Perhaps borrowed from 
the custom of soldiers cariying their whole stock of 
goods in their Icnapsacks. 

BA6ATT, RiooBTT, ». The female of the lump, or 
8ea-<nrl, a fish, S. SHaxiid. 

BAOBNIN, $. The name giren to that indelicate toying 
which is common between young people of different 
sexes on the harrest-fleld, Vlfe.— Probably of Fr. ori- 
gin ; as allied to bagenaud-tTf to trifle, to toy, to 
dally with. 

BAGOIE, BAOorr, «. A laige minnow ; sometimes a 
bai^namon; apparently from iu rotundity, Ac. 
South of 8. 

BAGGIE, «. The belly, S. 0. From its being baffged 
or crammed with food. Ol. Burfu. Teut. balgk, id. 

BAGGIEB, «. A casket Fr. baauier, a small coffer 
for containing Jewels, Ac. 

BAGOIT, oeO*. 1. Harlng a big belly ; geneimlly ap- 
plied to a beast. 2. Pregnant BMenden. 

BAGOIT, t. 1. A contemptuous term for a child. 2. 
An insignificant litUe person. Synon. Skwf. 8. 
Applied to a feeble sheep, Bozb. 

BAGOIT, Baoit Hoess, «. A stallion. Dunbar. 

To BAGHA8H, v. a. To abuse with the tongue ; to 
give opprobrious language to one, Perths. Fife. Per- 
haps such an abuse of one's good name as might be 
compared to the haAina or mincing of meat to be put 
into the (oa in which a haggis is made. 

BAOUN, t. A puny child with a laige belly ; a mis- 
grown child; synon. Wav^/lin; Caithn. Apparently 
a dimin. from ». «. to Boo, to swell out. 

BAG-BAPB, t. A rope of straw or heath, double the 
sixe of the cross-ropes nsed in Ikstenlng the thatch of 
a roof. This is Jtwiohed to the cross-ropes, then tied 
to what is called the jian-rape, and fastened with 
wooden pins to the easing or top of the wall on the 
outer side ; Ang. — ^lal. baogt, fascia 7 

BAGREL, i. 1. A child, Dumfr. 2. A minnow, Ettr. 
For. S. A small person with a big belly ; probably 
as resembling the shape of a minnow, Roxb. 4. Ap- 
plied generally to all animals that hare big bellies, 
and are otherwise ill-grown. Y. Baooit.— Su. G. 
haoQ^ puer. 

BAGREL, adj. Expressing the ideas of dimlnntlTe- 
ness and of corpulency conjoined; as, "He's a 
bagrel body," that is, one who, although pony, is 
yeiy plump, Meams.—Goth. hagge^ tareina ; hagur^ 
gibbosns, protuberant, bunching out. 

BAGRIE,«. Tiash. Her^t Coll. 

BAGS, «. jpl. The entrails, Ettr. For. Probably from 
the use to which some of them are applied in Scottish 
cookeiy ; as the haggis-bag, Ac. 

BAGWAME, s. A silly feUow who can only cram his 
beUy, Ettr. For. 

BAT, s. The sound caused by the notes of birds. 

6AICH, Baiobis, «. A child, Perths. The terax nther 
betokens contempt. Folvxirt. — C. B. badigen^ Teut. 
baghf puer. 

To BAICHIE, V. n. To cough, S. B. 

BAYOHT, a4j. Both. Aberd. B^, A perrerted 

orthography. Y. Bathk. 
BAD), j»*e<. of Bide, to suffer. Suffered, 8. Y. Biob, Btoi. 
BAYED, adj. Bent, or giving wvj In the middle, 

Aberd.— Isl. M^-o, flectere. 
BAIGIS, «. j»l. Knapsacks. N, Bume.^0. Fr. 
bagktt <^ hag to carry what is necessary on a Journey. 

To BAIGLS, V. n. 1. To walk or run with short steps, 

as if weak ; applied to the motions of a child. 2. To 

walk slowly, as if much fatigued, Ettr. For.— lai. 

badda^ luxare. 

BAIKBRED, «. A kneading-trough, 8. B., Loth.— A. 

S. bao^M, pinsere, and bred, tabula. 
BAIKEN, a. 1. A baiken of skins or hides ; a burden 
of skins. 2. A sort of flap ; as, *' the fell with the 
ftailffn," Ettr. For. Isl. baakn, moles, onus. Q. Andr. 
BAIKIE, Bakib, s. 1. The stake to which an ox or 
cow is bound in the stall. Ang. 2. A piece of curved 
wood, about eighteen inches long, with a hole in 
each end of it, through which a rope passes to fix it 
to the stake below. It has a corresponding piece of 
rope at top, . which, after the baikit is round the 
neck of the cow, is likewise tied round the stake, 
Loth. South of 8. 8. The stake of a tether, S. B. — 
Sw. paaky a stake. 
BAIKIE, 9. 1. A square, wooden vessel, narrowing 
towards the bottom, for carrying coals to the fire, 8. 
backet. Loth. 2. A square, wooden trough for holding 
provender for cows, horses, Ac. ; as, ** The cow's 
baikit,** Lanazks. 8. A wooden vessel, of a square 
fonn, in which dishes are washed, Lanarica Per- 
haps Isl. badci, a vessel or cup. 
BAIKIEFU, t. The fill of a wooden trough, 8. 0. R. 

BAIKIN, ff. Apparently a canopy carried over the 
host by Roman Oatholica Oorr. of Baidadiin. Y. 
Bahdxth and Bawdbkyv. 
BAIKIN 8, f. A beating ; a dnfl>blng, Ettr. For.— 
Isl. bedeiar, lev! ii^uria aflidre, tecfct'n^r, molestatio ; 
Su. G. boko, contundere. 
BAIKLET, BiCKLBT, Baiolbt, ». 1. An under waist- 
coat or flannel shirt worn next the skin, Dnmfr. 
Roxb. Perhaps corr. of bade-dotU, ftrom A. 8. baee, 
back, and dut, cloth. 2. A piece of dress, linen or 
woollen, formerly worn above the shirt of a young 
child, Tweedd.— Isl. boegla, fascibus Involvere. 
BAIK8, 9. pi. A pair of baifcf ; a balance. Aberd. 

Beg. Y. Bavk, Bawk. 
BAIL, Bailb, Batlb, Baxx, Bblb, Bbllb, s. 1. A 
flame or blase of what kind soever. Barbour, 2. 
A bonfire. Sir Cfawan. 8. A fire kindled as a sig- 
nal. Douglas. 4. Metaph. the flame of love. 
JTenrysone.— A. 8. ftoet, Su. G. baal, a funeral pile, 
Isl. baalj a strong fire. 
BAILCH, s. A very lusty penon, 8. B. Boas. Y. Bbloh. 
BATLE-FTRS, «. 1. A bonfire. 2. Any large fire. — 

A. 8. bad-fyr, the fire of a funeral pile. 
BAILLE, 9. A mistress ; a sweetheart. WaUaee.— 
Fr. beUe, id. ; or perhaps metaph. from baHe, a flame. 
BAILLESS, Bbllbiw, s . Bellows. Inventories. 
BAILLESS, ff. A kind of precious stones. Y. Balas, 

and Baujlt. 
BAILLDB, ff. Meaning doubtful. Perhaps a court or 
enclosure ; fipom 0. B. beili ; Teut baliCf Mnseptum, 
BAILLIE, Bailib, ff. 1. A magistrate second in rank, 
in a royal borough ; an alderman, 8. Lyndsay. 2. 
The Baron's deputy in a burgh of barony ; oalled 
baron-bailie, 8. Statist. Aoe,—FT. baillie, an oflloer, 
L. B. bativ-ua. 
BAILLIERIE, Batllbbib, Baiuabt, •. 1. The extent 
of a baUie's Jurisdiction, 8. Wodrow. 2. The extent 
of a sheriff's J urlsdiction. Acts Jo. I. 
BATNE, Baxb, o^/. 1. Ready ; prepared, 8. B. 
Wallaoe, 2. Alert ; lively ; active. Watlaee, — 
laL bein-^t, expedlre. 




BATNB, •' #brte, a kind of fur." Rodd. IhuoUu. 

BA'INO, t. A match at foot-ball, & ; pronondatloD of 
baUinOi tnm ba\ a ball. Skinner, 

BAINIB, aSj. Ilavlng large bones. Bwrm, 

BATNLT, adv. BeadUy ; cbeezfblly. Wotkue. 

BAIB, Babb, Bab, «. A boar. BariHmr. — A. 8. ' bar, 
Oerm. 6aer, Lat. «err-c«, id. 

BAIRD, a. 1. a poet or bard. Acts Ja. VI. 2. This 
term has alio been explained, a nUler, a lampooner. 
Poemi 16tk Cent, C. B. bardhf Gael. Ir. barcU 

To BAI&D, V. a. To caparison. Y. Babd. 

BAIBDINO, t. Sooldifig; inrectlTe. JT. Winffeft 

BAIBOB, t. An liTeeted, bobbing walk, Ettr. For. 

To BAIBOB, «. n. 1. To walk with a Jerk, or spring 
npwardi^ Sttr. Tor. 2. To strut, Aberd. Perhape 
Vr. herg^Tt to wig op and down ; ur fh>m htrcer, 
bener^ to zodc, to swing. 

BAIRLYG, cu^'. Bare-legged. Aberd. Beff. 

BAIRMAN, t. 1. A bankrupt, who gives up all his 
goods Is hfs eredlton ; ^ynon. with Dyvour. Skene ; 
Ind. Reg. Maj. 2. A man who has no property of 
his own. AtU Ja. VI. B. bartf nudatos. 

BAIBN, Babbb, «. 1. A child ; not only denoting one 
in a state of childhood, but often one advanced in 
life ; as implying relation to a parent, 8. 2. Con- 
Joined with the aAJectire iTood. it denotes one In a 
state of doe subjection, of whatever age or mnk. 
"The Lord Gordon subscribed the covenant, and be- 
came a good bairn" Spalding. — Moes. G. 6am; 
Alem. Ctorm. id. from bair-an, fern, gignere, pro- 
creare ; A. 8. beam. Y. Bkbb. 

BAIBNHEID, Babxbhbis, s. 1. The state of child- 
hood, /nwntoriet. 2. OhOdlshness. Dunbar, 

BAIBNIB, «. Alittieehild. La^&t Memor. Pr^. 

BAIBNIX OF THB B'B. The pupil of the eye, Meams. 

BATBNI8-BED, «. *' The matrix. Similar phrases 
in oommon use are, cdtf»4ted, larnVt-bed.** Gl. 
Onnpl. S. 

BAIBNLESS, f . Childless ; without progeny, &— A. 
8. beamUa»i id. 

BAIBNLT, adf. Childish ; having the manners of a 
child, 8.— 8w. bamtlig, puerilis. 

BAIRNLINB8S. «. ChUdiahness, 8. 

BAIRN HOB BIRTH. "She has neither baim nor 
birth to mind,** i. e. She is quite free of the cares of 
a young (kmily, 8. 

To Pabt wi' Baibb. To miscarry, 8. PittcoUte, 

BAIRN'8-BAIRN, $. A grandchild, Aberd.— So. G. 
bama-^bam^ id. A. 8. beama beam. 

BAIRNS^ BARGAIN. 1. A baigain that may be easily 
broken ; as, " I mak nae baim^ bargaim^** I make 
no pactions like those of children, 8. 2. A mutual 
engagement to overlook, and exercise forbearance as 
to all that has passed, especially if of an unpleasant 
description, Fife. 8ynon. with Let-Abee for Let-Abet. 

BAIRN'8-PAN, «. A small tinned pan for dressing a 
child's meat, 8. 

BAIRNS-PART </ Gbab, that part of a tether's personal 
estste to which his children are entitled to succeed, 
and of which he cannot deprive them by any testa- 
ment, or other gratuitous deed, to take effect after his 
death, 8. Stair. 8yn. Legitim. 

BAIRNS-PLAY, «. The sport of children, 8. Bnther- 

BAIRNS-WOMAN, t. A dry nune, S. The EntaO. 

BAIRN-TYME, Babxb-Tbmb, t. 1. Brood of chUdren ; 
all the children of one mother, 8. Soulate. 2. The 
course of time during which a wocnau has bom I 

children, Meams.— A. 8. bettm-4eam, Uberomm so- 

bolis procreatio. 
BAIS, ai^j. Having a deep or hoarw sound.— Fr. tat, 

E. bate. Douglat. 
BAT8DLIE, adv. In a state of stupefaction or confu- 
sion. Buret. Y. Based. 
RAISE, a. Hsste; expedition, 8. B.-*Bu. G. te»«, 

citato graduire. 
To BAI8E, V. a. To persuade ; to coax, Strathmore. 

Perhaps tnm Fr. baUer, to kiss ; or from IToseii, 

q. V. 
BAISED, part. pa. Confused ; at a loss what to do. 

Y. Basxd. . 
To BAI8S, V. a. To sew slightiy ; property to stitch 

two pieces of cloth together, that they may be liept 

straight in the sewing, 8. 2. To sew with long 

stitches, or in a ooanie and careless manner, 8. ; 

s^non. Soob, Loth.— Fr. boitir, S. taste, id. 
BAISS, a. The act of baiuing, as above, 8. 
BAISSINO-THREADS, Babiko-Thbbads, «. The threads 

tued in bctiuing, 8. 
BAISS, Bai'sb, ad^j. 1. Sad ; sorrowful. 2. Ashamed, 

Ettr. For. 
To BAISS, V. a. To beat; todrufa^ Loth.— 8u. G. tasHK 

caedere, ferire. 
BAIS8ING, $. A drubbing, Selkirks. 
BAIST, part. pa. Apprehensive ; afraid, Dumfr. Y. 

To BAIST, V. a. To defeat ; to overoome ; pronounced 

beattf 8. B. — Isl. 6eyst-a, ferire. 
BAIST, s. I. One who is struck by others, especially 

in the sports of children, 8. B. 2. One who is over^ 

come, 8. 
BAI8TIN, t. A drubbing, 8. ; from S. and 8. tafle, to 

BAIT, «. A boat Y. Bat. 
To BAYT, «. a. To give food to. Bartaicr.— IsL 

beit-a, to drive cattle to pasture, beit, pasture. 
To BAYT, o.n. To feed. Gl. Sibb. 
BAIT, Bbd, «. The grain of wood or stone, Aberd. — 

Isl. bettf lamina explanata. 
BAIT, «. The ley in which skins are put.— 8u. G. freto, 

fermento macerare ; beta hudar^ ooria preparare fer- 

mentando, i.e. to bait kidee, or to loften skins by 

steeping them in bait or ley. 
To BAIT, «. a. To steep skins in a ley made from the 

dung of hens or pigeons, to reduce them to a proper 

softness, that they may be thoroughly cleansed before 

being put into the ton or bark, 8. After being baited^ 

they are soraped with a knife called a grainer. 
To BAITCHIL, v. a. To beat soundly, Roxb. Dimin. 

from A. 8. beat-an, to l>eat. 
BAITH, adj. Both. Y. Bathi. 
BAITH-FATT, $. A bathing-vat A. 8. ta^f^ ther- 
mae, and/oet, vat 
BAITTENIN', part pr. Thriving. " A fine tamen^n* 

baim," a thriving child.— Teut batmen, baet-en^ 

prodesse. Isl. baet^ reparare ; whence taiit-o, to 

grow better. 
BAITTLB, adj. Denoting that sort of pasture where 

the grass is short, close, and rich, Selkirks. Pton. 

also BetUe. — Isl. beitinn, fit for pasture. 
BAIVKE, t. A species of whiting. Sibbald. 
BAIYENJAR, t. A tatterdemalion ; a raggamuffln, 

Upp. Olydes —0. B. bawyuy a dir^, mean fellow ; 

from taw, dirty, mean. Ba, dirt, is given as the 

root ; Owen. • 

BAIYIB, t. A large collection ; applied to a numerous 

family, to a covey of partridges, Ac., Ettr. For. 





BAK, BAOKif Bakic-Bibd, •. The l»t oriwmioiise, B. 

X>«m^la«.— StL O. noMftoetoi Id. 
BAK, «. On bak ; behind. ▲. 8. on haee : whence S. 

To BAJLH^ V. a. This tern ntilier applies to kneading 
than to fiHng bread.— ▲. 8. baoan ; Bo. O. bak-a, 
pfnaere, to bake. When two peraooa are employed 
in prq^azing bread, he who luiead« is called the Bak- 

BAKS, t. A snalT cake ; a blsonit, B. Burnt. 
BAKB-BBOD, «. The board for kneading. 
BAKOAKD.f. A rear^nard, 8. WaUaoe, 
BAKHSIB, t. Periiaps, badter, suifporter ; or it may 
be two wtadB, badeing ftere, i. e. support^ assistance, 
BASIS, t. The black-headed gull. Orkn. 
BAKUB, I. The name glTen to a kind of peat which ts 
kn«aded or baked Aram a prepared paste, 8. Btt, 
Miakl. Soc-^H. bake, to knead. 
BAKLB, s. A stake. T. Baikxs. 
B.\KIMa-GA8B, «. A kneading-trongh. 
BA KIN-LOTOH, t. A species ef bread, pertiaps of an 

enticing quality. Bvetvreen. 
BAK-LAND, t. A house or bnlldtng lying back from 
the street, 8. A boose tMting the street is called a 
fora4and, 8. Y. Lasd. 
BARMAN, $. A follower ; a retainer. T. BACXMiar. 
BARSTD, s. The bask part of a honse. Aberd. Beg. 

V. BAOUins. 
BAIvSTBB, BAZsrn, s. A baVer, 8. Burrow Lame. 

— A. 8. boaoerfre, a woman baker. 
BAIj, Ball, the initial syllable of a great many names 
of places in Bootland. — ^Ir. Gael. baHe, ball^ a place 
or town ; So. Q. lal. 6ol, id. domicilimn, sedes, Tilla, 
from bo, bfhOt bu-a, to dwell, to inhabit. 
BALA-PAT, t. A pot in a farm-boose for the nse of 
the fami^ daring harvest; not the reapers' pot 
BALAS, «. A sort of preclons stone, said to be brooght 
from Balatiia in India. A precious stone, Vr. bali; 
Paliora^e.^lT. boXaii, bastard ruby. 
BALAX, M, A hatchet, Abeid.— Isl. telyxe, Su. O. 

baalysM, a large axe. 
BALBBIB^ s. jrf. Halfpence. V. Babib. MaiUani 

BALD, adi. 1. Bold ; intrepid, 8. IFyntown. 2 
Irascible ; of a fleiy temper^ 8. JhagloM. 8. Pun- 
gent to ttie taste, or keenly affecting the organ of 
smelling ; as mustard, horse-radish, Ac., 8. 4. Keen ; 
biting ; expresdve of the state of the atmosphere, S. 
DavidM, i. Certain; assured, ffenrymme. 6. 
Used obllqudy; bright; as, "hbald moon,'* quoth 
Benny Gask, kc. KeUy —A. 8. bokZ, boald, Su. O. 
Alem. Genu. 6ald, andaz. 
To BALD, e. a. To embolden. Jkmclas. 
BALDKBDA8H, #. Foolish and noisy talk, 8. Isl. 

ImUdnKr, stultorum balbuties. 
DALDEABT, «. Vemale-handed orchis ; a plant ; orchis 

UdfolIa,& LigUfooL 
BALD-flTBOD, «. Meaning not clear. 
BALEEN, «. Name giren by fishers to the whalebone 

of commerce. 
BALEN, 04/. Made of skin. T. Pavu. iX>ti0laf.— 

Ifll. 80. G. boitlg^ Qvna. baig, a'skln. 
BAtXlONB PIPPIN, t. A species of apple, somewhat 
resembling the golden pippin, but of larger sise. 
From Balgone In Bast Lothian. 
BALYE, s. A space on the outside of the ditch of a 
fortiflcatton, commonly suxrounded by strong pali' 

sades. iSjpoteieood.— Fr. bejfle, a barrlcado, L. B. 
BALK and BU&RAL, a ridge raised reiy high by the 
plough, and a barren space of nearly the same extent, 
alternately, 8. B. Statist. Aee. Y. Back, t. 
BALL, 9. Bustle ; disturbance, Aberd.—IsL bond, boO, 

noza, dolor. 
BALL, s. A parcel ; used in the sense of B. tele.— 

Teut. baL fsscis. 
BALLANDI8, «. pi. A balance for weighing. Aberd. 

BALLANT, t. A ballad; the Tulgar pronunciation 

throughout Scotland. — Guy Mannering. 
BALLANT-BODDICE, s. Boddice made of leather, 
anciently worn by ladles in Bcotland, 8. B. Y. Balbm. 
BALLAT, Ballibs, t. Bubjf BaUat, a species of pale 

ruby. Coll^ qf Inventories. 
BALL-CLAT, Pbll-Clat, s. Yery adheslre day, 8. 0. 

Y. Pbll-Clat. 
BALLY-COG, f. A mllk-paU, Banffs. &fu. Uglin. 
BALLINGAB, Ballinobbb, m. A kind of ship.— Fr. 

BaUitsjier. Wallace. 
BALLION, «. 1. A knapsack. 2. A tinker's box, in 
which his utensils are carried ; or any box that may 
be carried on one's back, Beiklrks. Y. Ballowxis. 
BALLION, «. A sni>ernumerary reaper, who aseists 
the reapers of any ridge that have fallen beliind, 
BALLOGH, Bblloob, 9. A nairow pass, BUrlings. 

Gael, bealack, id. 
BALLOP, ». The flap in the fore part of the breeches, 

8. Allied to lAncash. baUockt, testicula. 
BALLOWNIS, 8. Aberd. Beg, Y. BALLioar. Fr. 5a^ 

Ion, a fiudel, or small pack. 
BALOW, s. 1. A lullaby, 8. Bit$on. S A term used 
by a nurse, when lulling her child. Old Song. — ^Fr. 
bat, Id le loup, " be still, the wolf is coming." 
To BAI/TER, V. a. To dance. Oolkelbie Sow. Per- 
haps oorr. of L. B. baiator, a dancer. 
BAM, t. A sluun ; a quia, 8. Bam, a Jocular impod- 

tion, the same as humbug. Grottft Clatt. Diet. 
BAMLING, acO'. A banMing chield ; an awkwardly- 
made, clumsy fellow, Boxb. 
BAMULLO, BoMDLLOCH, To gar one lauch, ting, or 
donee BamuUo ; to make one change one's mirth into 
sorrow, Ang. Perths. — C. B. bw, terror. Gael. 
muUa, muUac^ gloomy brows, q. ** the spectre with 
the dark eye-brows." 
* To BAN, Bakk; v.n. 1. Often impropeily appUed in 
8. to those irreverent exclamations which- many nse 
in conversation, as distinguiriied ftrom cursing. 2. 
Used to denote that kind of Imprecation in which the 
name of God is not introduced, 8. 8. Applied to that 
unhallowed mode of negation in which the deyil's 
name, or some equiyalent term, is introduced as 
giring greater force to the language ; as, *' The d— I 
kaid alls you I that I should ban." A. Doiiglat, 
M*Crie's Life of Knox. 
BANCHI8, t. pi. Deeds of setUement.— Ital. banco, a 

bank. Dunbar. 
BANCKB. To beat a bancXre,;^ apparently to beat what 
in Scotland is called a r^ff, or roll, in military lan- 
guage. Monro* t Expcd. — 8 a. G. 5anJt-a, pulsar^ a 
frequentatlTe from ban-a, id. 
BANCOUBIS, t. pi. Coverings for stools or benches. 
Teut. bandewere, tapestry ; Fr. ban^ier, a bench- 
BAND, t. A hinge ; as, "the bands of a door," iu 




BAVD, t, A strap of leather ; a rope bj which black 
cattle are fastened to the atake, S. 

BAND (To TiXK), to unite ; a phraae borrowed from 
arohiteeture. Kuther/ord, 

BAND of a hill. The top or amnmf t DouoUu — 
Germ, bann, aummttaw, Gael, ben^ 6eafin, a moun- 

BAND, f . Bond ; obligation, S. Wyntown. To mak 
hand^ to come under obligation ; to awear allegiance. 

BANDER, f. A person engaged to one or more in a 
bond or covenant 

BANDY, 9. The sUckteback, a amaU freah-water fish, 
Aberd. V. Baksticklb. 

BANDKTN, «. A cloth, the waip of which la thread 
of gold, and the woof silk, adorned with flgurea. 
Dovf^lat.—h. B. frande-fum-iw. Y. Bawdikti. 

BANDLESa, a4j. Abandoned altogether to wicked- 
ness ; without bonds, ClTdes. 

BANDLBSSLIB, ado. Begaidleasly, Ibid. 

BAKDLESSNESS, t. Tlie state of abandonment to 
wickedness, Cljdes. 

BANDOUNE, BAiroowir, t. Command ; orders. Wal- 
lace. T. AbaKdoh. — Germ, band, a standard. 

BANDOUNLY, adv. Firmly ; courageously. Wallace. 

BANDSMAN, «. A binder of aheaves in hanrest, Gal- 
loway. 8yn. Bcmdster. 

BAND-STANE, t. A stone going through on both sides 
<rf a wail ; thus denominated, liecauae it bindt the 
rest together, 8. The Black Dwirf. 

BANDSTSB, Bakstkr, t. One who binds sheares after 
the reapers in the hanrest-field, 8. Bition. — A. S. 
Germ, bandj vinculum. 

BAND-STIIIN(}, i. 1. A string across the breast for 
^ing in an ornamental way. The Aniiquarg. 2. A 
species of confection, of a long shape, 8. 

BANDWIN, Banwim, $. The number of reapers served 
by one bandster ; formerly eighty now, in Loth, at 
least, six. 

BANDWIN-RIG. A ridge so broad that it can contain 
a band of reapers called a win. Agr. Swrv. Bono. 

BANE, Kinff t^ Bane, the same with King of the Bean, 
a character in the Christmas gambols. This designa- 
tion is given to the person who is so fortunate as to 
receive that part of a divided cake which hasa bean in 
it ; Bexjabae. Knox. 

" Kow, now, thtt mirth ooidm; 
With th0 oftka fail of pluou. 
Whsrt tMUk's the klz>( of Um fMst h«t«." 

— /TcrrieJt 

BANE, act;'. Beady ; prepared. 

BANE, «. Done, 8. WynU>wn.—k. 8. ban, Alem. bein, 
id. A' frae the bane. Y. Bxik, t. 

BANE, a4j. Of or belonging to bone ; as, a bane box, 
a bane kaim, 8. 

BANE-DYKE (Gane to Ae). Reduced to skin and 
bone ; good for nothing but to go to the dyke where 
the bones of dead horses lie. 

BANE-DRY, a^. Thoroughly dry, Clydes. 

BANE-GREASE, $. The oily substance produced ffxmi 
bones bruised and stewed on a slow' fire, 8. 

BANE-FYER, s. A boaflre. 8. AeU Ja. K/.— Appa- 
rently corrupted from BAiL-Fims. 

BANE-IDLE, a4j. Totally unoccupied, Lanarka. 

BANEOUR, BABHBOuaa, s. A standard-bearer. Bar- 

BANE-PRICKLS, s. The aticklebaek, Olydes. V. 

BANERER, «. Properly one who exhibits h!s own 
distinctlTe itawUrd in the field, q. " the lord of a 

Btendatd.** Itoiialaf.— Tent bemder-keer, (cMMr-fteer, 
baro, satrapa. 

BANKBMAN, «. A standard-bearer. WaUaoe. Bn. 
G. banertntan, Tezillifer. 

BANES BRA KIN, «. A bloody qoarvel ; " the bnaking 
ofbonea,''8. Foems Buduin Dial. 

BANFF, «. From a number of proverbs regarding this 
town. It appears to have been viewed in a rather con- 
temptible Ught— '*Gae to Banff, and buy bend- 
leather ,-" West of 8. *' Gang to Banff, and bittle,'* 
orbottle, "beans," or skate. "Gang to Banff, and bind 
bickerB," Loth. All these aoggest the Idea of uselcM 
travel or idle labour. 

To BANG, «. n. To change place with Impetuosity ; 
as, to bang iip, to start from one's seat or bed ; to bang 
to the dare, to run hastUy to the door, B. Bawntay.— 
8u. G. baang, tumult, Isl. bang-a, to strike. 

To BANG OMt. V. a. To draw out hasUly, 8. Ams. 

To BANG t^ff or fff, v. a. 1. To let off with violence ; 
to let fly, 8. Wavtrley. 2. TV> throw with violence, 

BANG, <uO'. 1. Vehement ; violent 3. Agile, and, 
at the same time, powerful ; "a bang chield," ibid., 

BANG, i. 1. An acUon expreBslve of haste ; as, He 
cam ¥ff a bang, 8. S. In a bang. In a huff, Abeid. 
Boa. 9. A great number ; a crowd, 8. Bamtay. 

To BANG, «. a. To push off with a boat, in salmon- 
fisliing, without having seen any fish in the channel, 
Aberd. Law Ca$e. 

To BANG, «. a. 1. To beat ; to overcome ; to over- 
power. Loth. Roxb. Dumfr. 2. Tosuipass In what- 
ever way. Roxb. 

BANGEI8TBR, Bahoibtbb, Bajtobtbr, t. 1. A violent 
and disorderly person, who regards no law but his 
own will. MaiUand Poem*. 2. A victor, Sttr. For. 
8. A braggart ; a bully, 8. Bon. 4. A loose woman, 
Clydes. — Isl. bang-a, to strike, bang-aiif to run on 
one with violence. 

BANGDB, adj. Hufllsh ; petUsh ; Irritable, Aberd. 

To BANG I8TER-8 WIPE, v. ». To coaen ; to deceive 
by artful means, Roxb. From BangiHer, q. t. and 
A. 8. twipe; Teut tweepe, flagelium, scutica. 

BANGNUB, §. Busde about something trivial ; much 
ado about nothing, Selkiiks. 

BANG-RAPE, t. A rope with a noose, used by thieves 
to cany off corn or hay, Clydes. Ayrs. 

BANGREL^ t. An ill-natured, ungovernable woman, 
Bttr. For. Formed like Oanirel, Hangrtl, Ac., from 
the V. to Bang, as denoting violence. 

BANGSOME, adj. Quarrelsome, Aberd. Chrittmoi 

BANG8TRIX, c. Strength of hand ; violence to an- 
other in his person or proper^. From Bangstcr. 
AeU Ja. VI. 

BANG-TltE-BEGGAR, «. 1. A strong staff; a power- 
ful kent or rufig, Roxb. 2. Humorously transferred 
to a coostable, Dumfr. And to a beadle in Derfoy- 
ahlre. Grose. The «. Bang-ei, to beat, seems to be 
the origin of Teut. bent^k^, bengel, Su. G. baengd, a 
strong staff or stick, the instrument used for beating. 

To BANYSVe. a. To bandy backwards and forwards. 

BAN YEL, i. A bundle ; used In a contemptuous way, 
Upp. Clydes. Tvlltat, synon.— 0. B. bangaw, bound 
together, compacted. 

BANYBL, t. A slovenly, idle fellow, Bo±b.^Teut 
benghd, Su. G. baengd, rusticns, homo stnpidns. 

BANI8. BfABTiLLis Of Bavu ; Bome .kind of mantle. 
Act. Dom. Cone 




BANKSR, t. A bench-cloth or ourpet. V Baxvusi. 
DANKER, i. One who bujs corn sold by auction, Ettr. 

BANKBua^ t. pi, ApparenUy the same with Bah- 

COURIS, q. T. 

BANKING-CBOP, f. The com bonght or sold bj 
auction, Niths. 

BANKBOUT, «. Abaoknapt. Skene.— ¥r.banquerout, 
Ital. baneorotto, Tent.' bandcrote, id. 

BAN KSET, €uy. full of little eminences and aocUTitles. 
Affr. Sure, Aberd. 

BAN KURB, $. The covering of a Mat, stool, or bench. 
Fr. banquier^ a bench-cloth. Teut. banck-werct tapes. 

B.\NNA, Bamxo, <. y. BAmrocK. 

BANNA-RACK, t. The wooden flrame before which 
bannocks are put to be toasted, when taken from the 
girdle, Bttr. For. From Banna and Back, a wooden 

BANNAQ, i. A white tioat ; a sea trout, Aigyles. 
Oael. ban, white, banafft anything white. 

BANNATB, Baxmbt, & DouUe Bannate. Perhaps 
bonnet of steel, bonnet defer or skull-cap. Act. Dom. 

NuiKiT Bjunrrr. The square cap worn by the Bomish 
clergy. PUecottie. Y. Bonmit. 

BAN NET-FIRE, f. A punishment rimilar to running 
the gsntelop, inflicted by boys on those who break the 
rule? of their game. — Two files are formed by the boys, 
btanding face to face, 4he interrening space being 
merely sufficient to allow the culprit to pass.' Through 
this narrow passage he is obliged to walk slowly, with 
his face bent down to his knee^, while the boys beat 
him OB the back with their bonnets, Fife. 

BAJ9 NET-FLUKE, «. The tnrbot ; so called from re- 
sembling a l>onnet, Fife. Y. BAmroOK-FLUSK. 

BANNISTER, ff. One of the rails of a stair ; sometimes 
the hand rail. Probably a corr. of E. BdUUter. 

BANNOCK, M. One of the thirlage duties exacted at a 
mill. Knk.Jnsl 

BANNOCK, BoHKoci, Barno, Baxsa. t. A sort uf 
cake. The bancock is, however, in S. more properly 

* distinguished from the cake ; as the dough, of which 
the fomei is made. Is more wet when it is baked. It 
is also toasted on a Qirdit; whereas cakes are gene- 
rally toasted before the fire, after having been laid 
for some time on a pt'rcBe, or qn a gridiron, 8. A. 
Bor. Bannock^ as described by Ray, " is an oat cake 
kneaded with water only, and baked in the embers.** 
Bannocks are generally made of barley-meal, or peas- 
meal, and cakes of oatmeal. Bannatyne JPoenu. — 
Ir. btUnneoOf frwnn*, Gaet. bonnack, a cake or ban- 

BcAR-BAHirocv, ». A cake of this description, baked of 
barley-meal, 8. Bitum. 

BANNOCK-EVEN, «. Fastrins-eTcn, or Shrove-Tues- 
day, Aberd. 

BANNOCK-FLUKE, t. The name given to the genuine 
tnrbot, from its flat form as resembling a cake, 8. 
Stat. Aoe. Y. RoDDKaf-vLiuK. 
BANNOCK-HIVE, «. Corpulence ; induced by eating 

pleotifUly, 8. Morieon. V. Hivs. 
BANN0CK-8TICK , $. A wooden instrument for rolling 

out bannocks. Jacobite Belies. 
BANRENTB, t. A banneret. Acts Ja. I. 
\ BAN8EL, s. What is given for good luck, Perths. 
Synon. Hansel. A. 8. ben, precatlo, and stU^n^ 
dare ; to give what is prayed for. 
BANSTIGKLE, Baxtioklb, t. The three-npined 
Btieklcbaok, Gasterosteus acnleatuH Linn. 8. Barry. | 

BANWIN, s. As many reapers as may be served by 

one bandstcTf 8., Fife. 8. A.— A. 8. band^ vinculum, 

and win, labour. 
BAP, f . 1. A thick cake baked in the oven, generally 

with yeast, whether made of oat-meal, bariey-meal. 

flour of wheat, or a mixture, 8. Bitson. 2. A roll ; a 

small loaf of wheaten bread, of an oblong form, 8. 
BAPPER, s. A vulgar, ludicrous designation for a 

baker ; fh>m Bap. 
BAPTEtf, t. Baptism. Fr. BaptCme. 
BAR, «. An infant's flannel waistcoat, Homy. Y. 

Bauiib, synon. 
BAR, s. To play at bar ; a species of game anciently 

used in Scotland. It is doubtful whether this game 

is similar to that of throwing the sledge-hammer, or 

to one called Prisoners, described in " Btrutt's Sports 

and Pastimes." 
BAR, s. The grain in E. called barley; bar-meal^ 

barley-meal ; bar-bread, bar-bannode, Ac., 8. B. In 

other paits of 8. bear, bear-meal. — Moes. G. bar, 

BAR, s. A boar. Y. Baib. 
To BAR, 'v. n. To bar from bourdes, apparently to 

avoid jesting. Bannatpie Poems.-^ltT. barr-er, to 

keep at a distance. 
BARBAR,«. A barbarian. M^War^s ConHmdinos. 
BARBAR, Basboub, adj. Baitorons ; savage. Kennedf: 

Fr. barbare, id. 
BARBER, s. What is excellent in 4ts kind ; the best ; 

a \ojr tenn, 8. 8n. G. baer-a, illustrare. 
BABBLES, f. pt. A species of disease, rolwart. — 

Ft. barbes, a white excrescence which grows under 

the tongue of a calf, and hinders it from sucking. 
BARBLTT, jwrl. pa. Barbed. Barbour, Fi^. bar- 

belt, id. 
BARBOUR'S KNTFB. The ancient name of a raaor. 

Act. Dom. Cone. 
BARBULYIE,^ Perplexity; quandary, Roxb. Booths 

Winter Evening Tales. 
To BARBULYIE, v. a. To disorder; to trouble, 

Perths. Momtffomery. Fr. barbouilU, confusedly 

To BARD, Baibd, v. a. To caparison ; to adorn with 

trappings. Lyndsay, Y. Barois. 
BARDIT, Bairdit, pret. and part. pa. 
BARDACH, Babdv, adj. 1. Stout; fearless; deter- 
mined, 8. B. Boss. 2. Irascible ; contentious ; and, 

at the same time, uncivil and pertinacious in manag- 
ing a dispute, 8. B. Oalloway. — Isl. barda, pugnax, 

bardaffi ; 8u. G. bardaoa, praellum. 
BARDILY, adv. 1. Boldly, with intrepidity, 8. ?. 

Pertly, 8. Y. Babdacb. • • 

BARDIN, s. Trappings for horses ; the same with 

Bardynois, only in singular. Inventories. 
BARDIE, s. A gelded cat, Ang. 
BARDINESS, s. Petulant forwardness ; pertness and 

insclbility, as manifested in conversation, 8. 
BARDYNGia, s. pi. Trappings of horses. Bellenden. 
BARDI8, s. pi. Trappings. Douglas. Goth, bard, a 

BARDISH, cKij. Rude ; insolent in language. BatUie. 

— From bard, 8. baird, a minstrel. 
BARD'S CROFT. The piece of land on the property of 

a chief, hereditarily appropriated to the fiunUy Bard. 

BARE, a4j. Lean ; meagre, 8.— A. 8. bare, baer, 

nudus ; q. having the bones naked. 
BABSFIT, BABirooT, a4j. Barefooted. Btams, 
BARBFOOT-BBOTH, BABBriT-KAiL, s. Broth made 




iritb a little batter, wlthoat any meat haTing been 
boUed in it, Abeid. TafUtr't Seota FomM, T. U VA- 


To BABGANB, «. ». To fight ; to contend. WaXlace, 
—8a. 0. (oer-iOi ftearv^-a, ferire, pagnaie. 

BAKGANE, t. 1. Plght ; battie ; •kirmlah. BaHwwr. 
2. Contention ; controrcny, 8. B. Bon, 3. Struggle, 
S. B. Ron, 

BARaA;«rER, t. A fighter ; » baUj. 2>im5ar. 

BAROANTNO, t. righting. Barbawr. 

BABraHAIST, «. *' A ghoet aU in white, with large 
saucer eyea, appearing near gates or stiles ; in Torks. 
called bars. Derived from bor and 0A«isl." Oroae. 
Bob Boy, 

BARHEYD, cu^. Bare-headed. Aherd. Beg. 

To BABK, o. a. 1. To strip a tree of its hark, espe- 
cially for the purpose of tanning, 8. 2. To tan 
leather, & CkalmeH, Air.— So, Q. barlm, deoorti- 
care, barJea kudar, eoria glabra reddere. 

Ta barken, 9. n. To clot ; to become haid. Used 
with respect to any substance (hat has been in a liquid 
state, as blood or mire, 8. Oujf Mannoring. Part 
pa. BAaurrr. Doutflat, 

BARKER, t, A tanner, 8. Ba^fcw't Proct—Dan- 
b€wkerf id. 

BARKIKiit AKD FLEEING, a i>biase used to denote one 
who, especially firom prodigalilj, is beUered to be on 
the eve of bankruptcy. The property la then mid to 
be barking Mod JUsimg. Old Mortality, 

BARKIT, fori, pa. Clotted ; hardened. " BarkU wV 
dirt," incrnsted with dirt 

BARKIT, part, pa. Stripped of the bark. Sob 

BARK-P0TI8,s.i>I. Tan-pits. Aberd. Beg. 

BARLA-BREIKIS, BAKLBT-BaAcas, ». pi. A game 
generally played by young people in a corn-yard. 
Hence called Sarlabrackt about the stadet, 8. B. One 
Stack is fixed on as the dule or goal ; and one person 
is appointed to catch the rest of the company who ran 
out from the dale. He does not leave it till they are 
all oat of his sight ; then he sets off to catch them. 
Any one who is taken, cannot run oat again with his 
former associates, being aocoanted a prisoner ; but is 
obliged to msslst his captor in pursuing the rest. 
When all are taken the game is finished ; and he who 
was first taken is bound to act as catcher in the next 
game. Thia innocent sport seems to be almost en- 
tirely foigotten in the south of 8. It is also falling 
into desuetude in the north.— Perhaps from barley 
and breakf q. breaking of the jMirley. This game was 
well known in England. 

BARLA-FUMMIL, BAaLA-FryBM. 1. An ezcIamatloD 
for a truce by one who has lUlen down In wrestling 
or play. dir. Kirk, 2, It is also used, perhaps im- 
properly, for a fall. CelvU.—Vr. parleM, foi aietes, 
** let us have a trace, and blend oar faith." 

BARLEY, 9. A term used in the games of children, 
when a truce Is demanded, S.— Fr. jNtrles ; B. parley. 

BARLEY-BOX, t. A small box cf a cyUndrical form, 
now made as a toy for children, bat formerly used by 
fanners for canrying samples of Parley, or other grain, 
to market, 8. In Aberd. it is called Barrel'boaf. 

BARLEY-BREE, «. Liqiftr made from barley ; when 
fennented, ale, beer, Ac. ; when distilled, wkieky. 
The Juice or broth of barley. 

BARLEY CORN, §. A spedea of grain, Banif. 

BARLEY-FEVER, «. Slcsness oocastoned by intoxica- 
tion, & O. T. BABBBU-FBTna. 

BARLEY-MEN. T. Bublaw. 

BARLEY-SICK, a^f. Intoxicated ; sick tnm too much 

of the barUy-breey 8. O. Song, Wee Wifoekie. 
BARLEY-SICKNESS, «. Intoxication, 8. O. 
BARLIOHOOD, t. A fit of obaUnaey or ill-hamoar, 

especially aa the reault of intemperance, & Some- 

timea Barleykood. Bameay.—Vrom barley; aa ex- 

pressing the effect of any intoxicating bcTerage. 
BARLINa.s. Afirepole. Batee, 
BARM,«. Yeast, 8. A & teona, id. 
To BARIC, «. n. To fret /to fUme ; to wax wroth, 

Sttr. For. 
BARMB HOBS. A horse without a saddle, Ang. 

BARMY, a4J. 1. VoUtile ; giddy. Montgomery. 2. 

Paarionate ; chderlo. ** A beurmy qocan," a paa> 

aion»te woman, 8.— From B. barm, yeaat. 
BARMY-BRAINED, adj. Tolatile; giddy. A. ifoiMn. 
BABMING, a. Intereai arising firom money, Ayrs. 

The BntaU, 
BARMKYN, Bbbmktx, t, 1. The rampart or ooter- 

moet fortlflcaUon of a castle. 2. An apertaie for 

musketry. TToUacs.— Fr. terboeaiM; or Teat, barm 

a mound, with the termination kin. 
BARNAGE, t. I. Barons or noblemen, ooUeetlTely 

▼iewed. 0. Fr. Wallace. 2. A military company ; 

including both chieftains and followers. JMmglat, 

y. Babbb. 
BARNAT, a4i. Natire. Owr bamat land, q. the 

land ot oar bamkeid or nativity. Wallace. 
BARYE. a. The same with Bamage, 0. Ff. tame*, 

nobility. TFoUoce. 
BARNS, a. A child. Y. Baibh. 
BARN-DOOR FOWI^ a. A dunghiU fowl. Bride qf 

BARNE, $. Apparently for barme, bosom. Donglat. 
BARNEAIGE, Babvaob, j. Childhood. Aberd. Beg. 
BARNHEID, f. Childhood ; also, childishneaa. V. 

BARN Y, t. Abbrer. of the name Bamaby or Bamabae. 
BARNMAN, B*aBgMA\ a. One who laboora in ths 

BARNS-BREAKING, a. 1. Any miachlevoaa or in- 

Jurioaa action ; in allusion to the act of breaking op 

a bam for carrying oa com, 8. Fortuna of JCigeL 

2. An idle frolio. Gl. Antiquary. 
BARNYARD, Babhtaibx>, •. An endoaore, or court, 

adjoining the bam, in which grain or atraw is stacked, 

8. Burnt. 
BARNYARD BEAUTY, a. A boxom, fresh-coloured 

gill, who appears handsome in the eyes of the vulgar, 8. 
BARRAGE, BABBAa, Babbbs, Babbowis, $, 1. A bar- 
rier ; an outwork at the gate of a castle. Wynfoem. 

2. An endosure made of felled trees for the defence 

of armed men. Wallace. 8. Lists for combatants. 

JDouglae.—O. Fr. barret, palaestm. 
B A RRAS-DORE, t. A door made of bart of wood, alike 

distant from each other, Aberd. 
BARRAT, t. I. UoAtile intereourse ; batUe. Wallace. 

2. Contention, of whatever kind. Dunbar. 3. Grief ; 

▼exation ; trouble. Oawan and Oel, Bu. G. Isl. 

baraUa, praeliam. 
BARRATRIB, a. The crime of cleigymen who went 

abroad to purchase benefices from the See of Rome for 

money. AcU Jo. I.—L. B. buratria, fromO. Fr. 

barat, deceit. 
BARREL-FEVERS, a. pi, A term need by the Tolgar, 

to denote the disorder produced in the body by inten- 

pemte drinking^ 8. Y. Bablbt-Fbtbe. Hie Datch 




have a almilAr dcflignation ; kdderkoortt, the cellar- 

SARRIB, «. 1. A swiddlLng cloth of flannel^ in which 

the lege of an Infknt are wrapped for defending them 

from the cold, S. 2. A woman's mider-pettleoat, Ayrs. 
BARRITCHFU', adj. Ilartih, stem ; unfeeling, cruel, 

Perhaps barrat-full^ from barrat, hoetile intercourse, 

To DARBOW, V. a. To bonow, 8. O. Beff. Dalton. 
BARROW MAN, #. One who carries stones, mortar, 

Ac., to n^f^"« on a hand-terroiff. TenanCt Cctrd. 

BARBOWSTEBL, «. Equal co-operaUon. When a 

man and his wife draw well together, each is said to 

keep up kit or ker a<n borromteel, Eoxb. A. 8. and 

O. X. tteUf a handle. In woilcing together, each 

keeps up the hands of the barrow. 
BARROW-TRAM, i. 1. The limb of a hand-barrow. 

2. Applied Jocularly to a raw-boned, awkward-looking 

person, 8. 
BARS, t, A grate, Boxb. q. rtbs of iron 
BAR8K, a4j. Harsh ; husky. AUan. ▼. Bias. 
BAR-STANS, «. One of the upright stones in which 

the ribs of a grate are fixed, Boxb. 8yn. CaUtane. 
BARTANB, «. Great Rritain. Banmaijfne Poemt. 
BARTANB GLATTH. Perhaps cloth of Britain or of 

Breio^gne^ or of a town named BarUM. 
BARTANYB, Bkbtaicts, «. Britany. BeLlenden. 
BARTSNYIS. BarUnyie faleona. BanmUjfn^g 

Journal. Peihaps artiUeiy made in Britany. 
BARTILL, Bkattil, b. AbbreT. of Bartholomew. 
BARTILL-DAT, «. St Bartholomew's Day in the 

Roman Catholic Calendar. Aberd. Beg. 
To UARTIR, V. a. To lodge, properly on free quarters. 

— Tout, barteer-en, exigere mulctam. 
BARTIZAN, Bbbtiskmm, t. 1. A battlement on the 

top of a house or castle, or around a spire, 8. Statitt. 

Aoe. 2. Any kind of fence, as of stone or wood, 

Meams. — O. Pr. bretetcke^ wooden towers used for 

defence ; Ital. brete»ea 
BASE DANCE. A kind of dance, slow and formal In 

its motions. Cfompktjfut 3. — Fr. batu dome. 
Tc BASH, V. a. 1. To beat to shreds. Loth. SwMsk, 

syoon. 2. To beat with severe strokes, S. O. 8. To 

dint or injure by crushing. — Su. O. bat-a^ to strike. 
BASH, «. 1. A blow, 8. 2. A dint caused by a blow, 

Lanarks. S. A. 
To BASH up, V. a. To bow or bend the point of an Iron 

Instrument inwards, Loth. 
BASHLE-BANDS, t. Bands to keep up shoe heels. 
To BA8HLE, «. a. Y. Bjicohls, v. 
BASING, BiissiMO, f. A bason; pi. batinoia. Bel- 

lenden. Fr. basiin^ id. 
BASIT, part. pa. Apparently humbled ; abased. B^ 

lenden. 0. Fr. abaia-er, to humble ; to abase. 
BASK, adj' Yeiy dry. A ba$k day ; a dry withering 

day, Dumfr. 
BASNATI8, i. pi. Apparently small bowls or basons ; 

from Fr. ba$inettet a small bason. 
BASNET, s. A helmet. V. Bassakit. 
BA'-SPELL, Ba'-Spsil, t . A match at football, Aberd. 

8. A. v. BOXBPSL. 
BASS. 1. The inner bark of a tree, 8. 2. A mat laid 

at a door for cleaning the feet ; also, one used for 

packing bales, 8. 8. A table-mat to prevent hot 

dishes from staining the table.— Teut. batt, corteJc. 
BAS8ANAT, Basxxt, «. A hehnet. AcU Ja. IV.— O. 

It. bacinetj bastinetf a hat or casque of steel, very 

light, made in the form of a bason. 

BASSE FEE. Base fee, a term In English law; "a 
tenure in fee at the will of the loid, distinguished 
tnm Soocage free tenure." — " What may be defeated 
by limitation or entry." Cafes. 

BASSEN'D, cuO*. V. Bawsaxd. 

BASSIE, BAsar, Baskt, m. A large wooden dish, used 
for carrying meal from the gimdl to the bakeboard ; 
or for containing the meal designed for immediate 
use, 8. B. Bo$s.—Yr. ba$$in, a bason. 

BASSIE, M. An old horse, Clydes. Loth« Y. Baw- 


BASSIL, t. A long canncm, or piece of OKduanes. 
PitMooUie. AbbreT. from Fr. boiUic, 

BASSIN, adj. Of or belonging to rushes.— Dotialat. 
Teut. b%e$e, Juncus, scirpus. L. B. ftcute, a ooUar for 
cart-horses made of flags. 

BASSIN AT, i. Some kind offish. Bdlenden. 

BA83NYT,ad;. White-faced. Gl. Sibb. Y. Bawbaxd. 

BAST, pret. Beat ; struck.— Su. G. tato, IsL begsta, 
to strikn. Y. Baibt. 

BASTAILYIS, «. A bulwark ; a block-house. Bellei^ 
den.— Fr. battiUe, a fort. ess ; a castle furnished with 

BAST ANT, a<0'. Possessed of ability. Monn^i Bseped. 
— Fr. bastantf what is sufficient. 

BASTARD PYP. Probably a smaU pipe. "Ane 
battard pyp of fegis and raisingis." Aberd. Beg. 

BASTIES, BA8T18B, adj. 1. Coane, hard, bound; 
applied to aoU. 2. Obstinate, applied to temper, 
Ayrs. Teut. Isl. bait, cortex, q. covered with bark, 
having a hard coat on it. Su. U. batta, to bind. 

BASTILE, Bastxl, #. A fortress, princlp'dly meant for 
securing prisoners, South of S. StatUt. Ace. Y. 

BASTOUN, «. A heavy stair ; a baton. DouqIm.— 
Fr. b<uton, baton, id. 

BAT, t. A staple ; a loop of iron, 8. 

BAT, t. A Uow on the side of the head, Loth. 

To BAT, v.a. To strike; to beat. Ettr. For. — 0. Goth. 
batt-a, Alem. batt'cn, Fr. batt-re, id. 

BAT, «. Condition; as, "About the auld bat," in an 
ordinary state, Roxb. About a bat, upon a par, Ettr. 

BAT, «. A holme ; a river island, Tweedd. Y. Aju. 

BATAILL, BA-rriLL, «. 1. Order of battle; battle 
array. Barbour. 2. A division of an army ; a bat- 
talion. Baritour. 9. It seems to signify military 
equipment Barbour. — Fr. bataille, onler of battle; 
also, a squadron, battalion, or part of an army; de- 
duced from Germ, batten, caedere; A. S beatt-an, id. 

• BATCH, ». A crew ; a gang, properly of those who 
are viewed as of Uie same kidney or profession. 

BATCHELOR COAL, s. A species of dead coal, which 
appears white in the fire. Sutherl. Y. Gaist, 8eni>e 3. 

BATE, Bait, «. A boat Barbour —A. S. Alem. Isl. 
and Su. G. bat; C. B. and Ir. bad, cymba. 

BATHE, Baitb, Batth, Baid, adj. Both, 8. Baid Is 
the pron. of Angus. Some of our old writers apply 
both to more than two persons or things. Wjfntown. 
— Moes. G. 6a, bai, bagotk; A. 8. ba, buta; Alem. 
ftedfto, bedu, beidu; Isl. and Su. G. bade; Dan. baade; 
Germ, beide; Delg. beydSt ambo- 

To BATHER, Badubb, v. o. To faUgue by ceaselisss 
prating, or by impertinent remonstrances. 8yn. 
Bother. Heart of Mid-Lotkian. 

BATHER, Baddbb, $. Plague ; trouble ; pmting ; ap- 
plied to a troublesome person. 0. B. baldordd, 





DATHIX, ». AbbreT. of the nMn« Bethia, 8. B. 
BATHIX, t. A booth or hOYcl ; a summer ahealing ; a 
hontinff-seat of boughs, Ac. Leg, i^Momtrou, V. 


BATIEf Bawtt, t. 1. A name for a dog, without any 
particular respect to species; generally giren, how- 
eyer, to those of a laiger slse, 8. Pdenw Buehan 
Dial, 2. Metaph. like E. doo^ a term oi contempt 
for a man. 8. A common name for a hare, Rozb. — 
—Perhaps from O. Fr. baud, a white hound; 6atMi-tr, 
to excite dogs to the ohase. 

BATIK, Bawtib, adj. Round and plump; applied 
either to man or beast, Clydes. Perhaps from A. 8. 
hat<Mj inescare, q. to bait well. 

BATUE-BUM, BATiB-BumiiL, «. A simpleton; an 
inaetiye fellow. T. Blaitibbuh. Maittand P. — 
Ttnxok balU, a dog, and bum, to make a humming 
noise. Teut. bommd^ a drone. 

BATON, t. The instrument for beating mortar, Aberd. 

BATBONS, s. a name giren to the cat. Ayrs. Else- 
where Badrant, BauXKraiu, f^. r. Pieken'i Poemt. 

BATS, «. fl, 1. The BoU; a disease in horses caused 
by small worms. 2. Ludicrously applied to a bowel 
complaint, and to the colic in men, 8. O. Polvoaart. — 
Teut. bUU, papuU, a swelling with many reddish 
pimples that eat and spread. 8wed. 6ett, pedlculi, 
from bU-c^ mordera 

BATT, t. To keep oneatik* BaU ; to keep one steady. 
Hoof^t Winter Tolet.— Fr. batte, " The boul^ter of 
anddle." Cotgr. 

BATT ALL, «. A battalion. T. Bataill. 

BATTALLINE, t. Perhaps a prq{ection or kind of 
verandah of stone. J>e$a'. Chanonry of Aberd. 

BATTALLING, BAiTBLLixa, «. A battlement. BouoUu. 
— Fr. bastiuit batilU, turriculus fastiglatus. 

BATTALOUSS, (uO*. Brave in fight. Colkelbie Sow. 

BATTAB-AX, «. A batUe-ax. Dunbar.— Tr. boMre, 
Ital. baJUar-t, to strike ; also, to fight. 

BATTART, Battabd, BArrsa, t. A small cannon. /»- 
eentoriet.— Fr. bastarde^ " a demle-cannon or demie- 
culverin ; a smaller piece of any kind," Cotgr. 

BATTELL, a<^'. Rich for pasture. BeUenden. T. 

To BATTER, «. a. 1. To lay a stone so as to make It 
incline to one side, or to hew it obliquely ; a term 
used in masonry, 8. 2. To give a wall, in building 
it, an inclination inwards, 8.— Fr. baUrtf to beat 

BATTER, t. 1. The slope given to a wall in building, 
by which it is made narrower, from the bottom up- 
wards. 2. Used also to denote an expansion or 
widening as a wall rises. 

BATTER, i. A species of artillery. Y. Battabt. 

2V> BATTER, v. a. To paste ; to cause one body to 
adhere to another by means of a viscous substance, 8. 

BATTER, f. A glutinous substance, used for produc- 
ing adhesion ; paste, 8. 

BATTICK, «. A piece of firm land between two 
rivulets, or two blanches of the same river, Loth. Y. 

BATTILL-GERS. " Thick, rank, like men In order of 
battle." Rudd. — ^This, however, may be the same 
with baUde^ applied to grass that is well stocked, 
South of 8. -—Teut. battel and boUel-boomt denote the 
axbutus, or wild strawberry tree. 

BATTIRT, t. A small cannon. Inventoriet. Y. 

BATTLE, aij. Thick ; squat; as, "a battU horse" ; 
otherwise odled a punch pony, Bnchan. Y. Battbll. 

BATTLE of Strae. A bundle of straw, Loth Jt. BattU. 

To BATTLE Strae. To make op straw in imall parcels, 
battles, or S. botOet. 

BATTOGK, t. A tuft of grass, a spot of grav<4, or 
ground of any kind, surrounded by water, Selkirks. 
Gael, bad, a tuft. Y. Bat, a holme. 

BATWARD, t. A boatman ; literally, a boatkeeper. 
Wyntown.—Ul. batj cymba, and vard, vigil ; Swed 
ward, custodla. 

BAYARD, adj. Worn out ; in a state of bankruptcy. 
Baiver and baiverAOee, are used in 8. to Bignitj 
shabl^ in dress and appearance. BaiUie. Y. Bevab. 
— Fr. bavardf baveur, a driveller; also, a bab- 

BAYARIE, t. 1. A greatcoat. 2. Figuratively, a 
dlqguiae, or what is employed to cover moral turpi- 
tude. Picken't Poemt. 

BAUB, t. Beat of drum ; 8. ruff. Perhaps of the same 
origin with B. 6ofr, to strike; to beat; or allied to 
Belg. babb-en, garrire, tram the quidc reiterated strokes 
when a roll Is beat. 

BAUBLE, «. A short stick, with a head carred at the 
end of it like a jNmp^ or doll, carried by the fools or 
Jesters of former times. Lard HaUet,—¥r. baMoU, 
a toy, a gewgaw. 

BAUCH, Bauob, Baach, (outt.) adj. 1. Ungrateful 
to the taste. In this sense wamoh is now used, 8 
Polwart. 2. Not good ; Insufficient In wnatever re- 
spect, 8. ; as, "a bough tradesman," one who is far 
from excelHng in his profession. JSamtoy. BamA- 
ihod, a term applied to a horse wnen his shoes are 
much worn, 8. 8. Indifferent ; sorry ; not respectable, 
8. Bam$ay. 4. Not slippery. In this sense Ice is 
said to be bauA, when there has been a partial thaw 
The opposite is tUd or gUo, 8. 6. Applied to tools 
that ara turned in the edge ; opposed to aUa, 8. B. 
0. Abashed ; as, " He looklt unco bough,** he looked 
much out at counterumce, Perths. 7. Backward ; re- 
luctant tnm timidity, Clydes. 8. Tired ; Jaded, 
South of 8. Jaoo6. Bel. 9. Not thriving ; without 
animation, Moray. 10. Ill-provided with food ; as, 
'* Ood never keepit a baudi house."— Isl. bag-ur, re- 
luctans, renuens ; bage, Jactura, nocumentum, 
(offals) ; baga, bardum et insulsum carmen. 

To BAUCHLE, Baohlb, v. n. 1. To shamble ; to 
move loosely on the hinder legs, 8. 2. To walk as 
those having flat soles, Lanarks. Y. o. a. 

To BAUCHLE, BAWcnTLL, Bacblb, (gutt.) Bashlb, 
«. a. 1. To wrench ; to distort ; to put out of shape ; 
as, " to bauMe Aoon,** to wear shoes in so alovtsniy 
a way as to let them Call down in the heels, 8. Joum. 
London. 2. To treat contemptuously; to vilify. 
WaUaee. 8. To Bauchle a last, to Jilt a young 
woman. Loth. Bathle may be allied to Fr. bottel-er, 
to bruise.— Isl. baekdl, luxatns, valgum, shambling ; 
biag-a, violare, whence biag-iadr, lnxatii% mem- 
brorum valetndlne violatu&. 

BAUCHLE, Baohbl, s. 1. An old shoe, used as a 
slipper, 8. 2. Whatsover Is treated with contempt or 
disrespect To mak a bauchle of anything, to use It 
■o fkequently and fiuniliarly, as to show that one has 
no respect for it, 8. A person set up aa the butt of a 
company, or a laughing-stock, is said to be made a 
(ottdUe of. FerguwiCt Prvo. 8. A mean, feeble 
creaturo. Hogg. 

BAUCHLES, t. pi. Two pieces of wood fixed longitu- 
dinally one on each side of a cart, without the body, 
to extend the surface, Perths. 

BAUCHLT, ado. Sorrily; indifferently, 8. JZcwuay. 
From Bauch, adj. 




BAUCHLING, «. Taontlng ; Bcomful and eontome- 

Uou8 rallying. Balfow** Praet. 
BAUCHNXSS, t. Want ; defect of any kind, 8. Ibid. 
BAUD, Bawd, c. A baud ofvkint; a quantity, or bed, 

of whins growing closely together, covericg a con- 
siderable space, Loth. GaaL ftod, a tuft. 
BAUDBONS, «. A kindly designation for a cat, 8. 

Bcrd. Mitutrtlty. Y. BAoaiRS. 
To BAYEB, «. n. To shake, Renf.— Tent, (even, Belg. 

bfevcH^ to tremble, 6eeixr, a trembler. 
To BAUF, V. n. To make a clattering noise with the 

shoea in walking, Domfr. Y . Batf, Barr, to beat, to 

BAUGIB, «. An ornament ; as, a ring, a bracelet. 

DouoUu.— Tent. baQ9^ gemma; Isl. tau^-r; Alem. 

boug; A. 8. heag; Fr. baoue; Iial. bagwt^ annulos. 
BAUK, BawK, f. A strip of land left nnplonghed; two 

or three feet in breadth, & Staiitt. Aoc.^K. 8. and 

C. B. tele, Su. G. b<Uk, poica, a ridge of land between 

two fnrrows ; IsL towUntr, lint in agro, Tel alia soil 

emlnentia minor. 
To BAUK, «. fi. To leaTe small strips of land not 

tnmod np in ploughing, 8. 
BAUK, Baws, «. 1. One of tbe cross-beams In the 

roof of a hoose, which siqpport and unite the rafters, 

8. 2. BoMkt in pi. ezpl. the lofting of a house, Bttr. 

Vor. The flat Inner roof of a cottage. 8. The beam 

by whidi scales are suspended in a balance, 8. Teut. 

balek wo^Ae, a balance. We invert the term, making 

it toet^A-OaiOw.— 4}erm. UOk; Belg. baldt; Dan. 

fttcifce, a beam. 
Bauk-bsiobt, Bawx-Hsiqbt, adt. As Kigk as the 

bauk» or cross-beams of a house or Imm, 8. 
To Loup Bauk-Hsiobt. To spring as high as the cross- 
beams in a house, 8. The ¥txrma*9 Ha\ 
To dram or Sniro Bauk-Hbiobt. 8ame asabore, Aberd. 
BAUKIE, $. The bat, 8. B. Y. Bak, Baokibbibd. 
BAUKIE, «. A tethei^stake, Bnchan. Y. Baikib. 
To BAUSJE, «. a. To raise a person on one's shoulders 

to any object beyond his reach, Ayrs. 
BAUKUB, i. The raaorbill, or Auk, Alca twda, Orkn. 

BAUKS ABD BREDS. A beam and boards for weighing 

bulky articles, as wool, Ac., TeTiotd.— Dan. and A. 8. 

frroede, a board. 
To BAXJLD Uu, glead. To blow up the fire ; to make it, 

bold ; to kindle the glowing ccol, Bozb. A. ScoU'i 

BAULDIB, «. Abbrer. of the name Arehibaldf 8. 

Gentle Skqpherd. 
BAULDLIX, adv. Boldly, & 2/. Bums. 
BAULDNE8S, «. Boldness ; aodadty, 8. y. Sums, 

Y. Bald, Bauld. 
BAUSy, adj. Big ; strong. 2>unbar,^BvL G. laste, 

Tir potenf . 
BAUTUE, ad(j. Gnfleful, Glydea. Perhaps fVom Vr. 

batir, (part. pa. bati,) to frame, to contrive. 
BAUWIS,ff. A broad, shaUow milk-dish, Bozb. Bjn. 

BAW, ». The calf of the leg, Galloway. l>a'o{dum*i 

To BAW, V. a. To hush ; to lulL Wafton.^'Wr. bae, 

low. Y. Balow. 
BAW, f. 1. A ball, used in play, 8. jRSamJay. 2. 

Money given to school-boys by a marriage oomiMmy, 

to prevent their being maltreated ; as otherwise they 

claim a right to cut the bride's gown, 8. This is the 

same with Bail wumeg, X. Y. Colbb.— Corr. ft-om B. 


BAWAW,'f. An oblique look, implying contempt w 
scorn, 8 B. Bou. 

BAWAW, «. Used as a ludicrous term for a child, £ttr. 

BAWBEE-BOW, t. A half^nny roll, 8. St, JZonan. 

BAWBIE, t. A half-penny. Y. Babib. 

BAWBBEK, Bawbbick, «. A kneading-trough, or a 
board used for the same purpose in baking bread. 
Loth. Boxb. — ^A. 8. ftocan, or Dan. bofftrt to bake, 
and Dan. brikke^ a little round table. 

BA WBBIE, «. A broil ; a great noise ; a gipsy term, 

BAWBUBD, Bawbbbt, t. The baking-board. Y. Baw- 
BBBK.— A. 8. baotmt to bake, and bord, a table. Y. 

BAWBURD, t. The larboard, or the left side of a ship. 
Jkntglat, — Fr. b<u4>ord; Id. baobordOj id. 

BAWD, «. A hare, Abeid. Poems Budtan Dial.— 
A. 8. Ir. and Gael. m<ol denotes a beast of whatever 
kind ; mM bhuide^ or boide^ Is a hare ; sJiaopatas, 

BAWD-BBEE, «. Hare-soup, Aberd. 

BAWDEKYN, s. Cloth of gold— Fr. baldadUn, bold- 
aquiftf boMdequiny L. B. baldadiinumf tissue de fild'or. 

BAWGIE, f . The great black and white gull, Shett. 

To BAWME, 9. a. 1. To embalm. Fr. embautU'er. 
Wyntown. 2. To cherish ; to warm. VnugUu. 

BAW8AND, Bassaxd, Bawbirt, a^j. 1. Having a 
white spot on the forehead or flsce ; a term applied to 
a horse, cow, Ac., 8. DottgUu. 2. It seems to be 
used as equivalent to brindled or streaked, 8. A. 
Minstrdsy Bord, Hence, it would seem, froiwie, an 
old horse, 8. — Fr. baltan^ balM,ft, a hone that has a 
white marie on the feet ; deduced from Ital. bolxano, 
and this from Lat. bat-t'ia, a horse that has a white 
mark either on the forehead or feet Germ, blaessey 
8u. G. Moer, a white mark on the forehead of a horse. 
Hence, perhaps, S. bUaon^ and blase. 

BAWST-BBOWN, «. A hobgoblin: viewed as the same 
with BoUn Goodfellow of England, and Brownie 
of 8. BannaJtyne PoeRW.— Perhaps from Su. G. 
basse, vir potens, Y. Baust ; or 6ase, spectrum, and 
frnrn, fuscus, q. the strong goblin of a brown appear- 

BAXTER, f. A baker, 8. Y. Bakstsb. Ramsay, 

BAZED, Based, Basit, part, pa. Confused ; stupid ; 
stupified ; synon. dosed. Watson*s Coll. Maitland 
Poeau.— Teut bauen^ delirare; Belg. fryse, bysen^ 
turbatus ; Su. G. bes-a denotes the state of animals so 
stung by insects, that they are driven hither and 
thither ; Fr. bes-ert id. 

BE, pnp. 1. By ; as denoting the cause, agent, or in- 
strument, 8. Borftour. 2. Towards, in composition ; 
as, be-east, towards the east; b6-%oestf towards the 
west, 8. Wyntown. 8. Of, concerning ; as, be <Ae, 
concerning the. Wallace. 4. By the time that 
Diallog. 6. During, expressive of the lapse of time. 
Keith. 0. Without the aid of ; besides. 7. ^m. 

8. In comparison with ; compared with ; Y. Bbis. 

9. Than, Boxb. This field is bigger be that— A. 8. 
be, per, de, eirea. Be than, by that time. 

BE, part. pa. Been. Bou^los. 

To BE, V. subst. Used in the same sense with Let, or 
Let be; not to mention ; not to speak of ; to except, 8. 

To BE Wr, «. a. To tolerate ; to bear with, 8. B. ; 
applied both to perwns and things. 

BEAD. To make a bead; said when a ring of people is 
hastily formed on any hurried or important busi- 
ness, 8. 




BBAB, t. A cut tonn for a gUss of Bplrlte In tfpp. 
Lanarks. ; aUo in Edinburgh. 

BEAD-HOUSE, t. An ahna-hoase, 8. B. V. Bkdx; or 
under Bcnis. 

•BEAGLE, «. 1. A bumbaitiff. Saier €fun. 2. "A 
pretty beia^le,** one having an odd appearance from 
being bespattered with mud, Ac., TeTiobl. 

BEAL, (. An opening between hUls ; a narrow pass. 
Leg, Montron — Ir. and CUmL beal^ tlie month. 

To BEAL, V. n. To suppurate. V. BxiL. 

To BEAM, Bbiv, v. a. To btam, the pot ; to warm or 
season the tea-pot before putting in the tea. — ^ITr. 
fra^n-er, to moisten, to wash. 

BEAMEULT, <u^*. Indulged, Aberd.— Isl. Ifeima, 
domus, and /y{<a, Imi^ere, full of home. 

BEAM-SUIN'J), adj. Uaving the shinbone rising with 
a sort of curve, S. 

BEAN, a4j. Comfortable ; anug. T. Bm. 

BEAND, port. j»r. Being. A. 8. Ittand^ ezistenfl, part, 
pr. of hton^ to be. BtXUinden, 

BEAN8HAW. V. Bbkshaw. 

BEAN-SWAUP, c. 1. The hull of a bean. 2. Anything 
of no value or strength. PerSU of Man. 

To BEAB, Bxa, Baai, «. a. To bear on hand, to aflrm, 
to relate. WynUnon, — To bear tfpoi*, to restrain one's 
self, 8. B. Rou. To bear hand to^ to support ; to 
lend assistance to. Brace, Bear a hand^ lend your 
aid, give your help. 

BEAB, Bias, $. Barley, having four rows of grains^ 8. 
Hordeum vulgare, Linn. Wyntovm. — A. S. bert^ 
Moes. G-. boTf hordeum. 

BEAB-CUBN, «. A sort of hand-mill, Eife, used instead 
of the Bear-ttane. Y. Cuaw, «. 

BEAB-FEYS, «. Land appropriated to raising barley, 

BEAB-LAND. Land appropriated for a crop of barley, 
8. To go tkrougk the bear land vith one, to tell him 
all the grounds of umbrage at his conduct ; to pluck 
a crow with him, 8. 

BEAR-LAVE, BxAa-LsAVB, t. Ground the first year 
after it has been cropped with bear^ l^narics. Ap- 
parently, ground l^ by 6ear.— A. 8. l^fi latf, re- 

BEAE-MEAIrBAIK, §. A fruitless errand. Perhaps 
originating from the disappointment of one who goes 
out in quest of oatmeal, and is obliged to be aatisfled* 
with barley^mealf Upp. Lanarks. 

BEA&-MEAL- WIPE, s, A woman who cannot pay her 
debt, Ang. 

BEAB-MELL, g. A mallet for beating the hulls off 
barley. Y. Kvookin-Mbli.. 

BEAB-PCNDLAR, t. An instnunenfe for weighing 
barley, Orkn. Y. LUB-Fvan. 

BEAB-BOOT, Bisa-EooT, «. The first crop alter bear 
or barley. Agr. Surv. Ban^i. 

BEAR-SEED, Bebb-Sbxd, Bbib-Sbbd, «. 1. Barley or 
big, 8. 2. The Ial>our appropriated to the raising of 
barley. AeUJa.VI, 3. The season for sowing bar- 
ley. Y. Beib-Sbu). 

BEABrSEED-BIRD, s. The yeUow wagtail, MotaoUla 
fiava, Linn. ; Loth. Boxb. 

BEAR-STANE, a. A hollow stone anciently used for 
removing the husks of bear or barley, S. 

BEARANCE, «. Toleration, 8. J. Nicol. 

^ BEARD, $. Credulous people believe that if a female 
child is baptised immediately before a boy, she will 
certainly carry off the beard which of right belongs to 
him, 8. Hence parents like to know the sexes of the 
infants, that they may be presented in due order. 

BSABDIE, t. The throe-spined attcklebaCk ; a loach, 
8., called Beardie from the six small fibres or beards 
on its upper mandible. 

BEARDIE, «. The robbing of a man's beard on a child's 
cheek in aport. 

BEARDIE-LUWIE, t. The stickleback ; Eoxb. 

To BEARGE, «. n. To persist in clamorous repetition 
though disregarded. Ol. Surv. Nairn, 

BEARI8 BEPOR, Ancestors. Wallace, A translation 
of Lat. anteoeuorea. 

BEAR-TREE, «. Perhaps a spoke used for carrying 
the dead to the place of Inteiment. Beir-tree, how- 
ever, signifies the bier itself, Aberd. 

To BEAST, V. a. To vanquish. Y. Baut. 

BEAST, a. To Put the Beaat on one's self, to take 
shame on one's self. This, perhaps, refers to the 
person called the baitt, who bubmits to be struck in 
the games of cbildrec. 

* BEAST, t. 1. A.y living creature in 8. save man. 
2. A horse, by way of eminence, Is called the beaat. 

BEASTIE, a. A diminutive from Beaat; generally 
used as expressive of affection or sympathy, 8. Bwrta. 

BEAT, «. A stroke, a blow, a contusion, 8. B. Appa- 
renUy the same with £^, used in this sense by 

BEAT OP LINT, «. A sheaf of flax made up for the 
mill. Y. Ban. 

BEAT-THE-BADGER, «. An old game used In Pife ; 
perhaps Bannet-firCj q. v. 

BEATTIE, f. AbbrevUtion of the female name 
Beatriaa. It is differentiy sounded from Betty, which 
is used for Elisabeth. 

To BBB, V. ft. To drink immoderately ; to swUl ; to 
be addicted to intoxicating liquor, Ettr. Por. S. 
to bib. 

To BEBBLE, «. a, I. To swallow any liquid in small, 
but frequent draughts ; whether the liquor be intoxi- 
cating or not, 8. 2. To tipple, v. n. ** He's ay 6eb- 
bling and drinking ,*" he is much given to tippling, 8. 
It seems to be formed from Lat. bibere to drink, in 
the same manner as bibuluaf soaking, drinking, or 
taking in wet. 

To BECHLE (guU.), v. n. To cough, Upp. Clydes. 

BBCHLE, a. A settled cough, Upp. Clydes. 

BSCHT, part. pa. Tied ; Gl. Budd. Germ, befg-m, 
fiectere, Is probably the origin. 

BECK, t. Probably a bn)ok or rivulet. Sir A. Bal- 
fow'a Lett.— A. 8. 6eoc, 8n. G. baeck, Teut. beke, 

To BECK, BBS, V. n. 1. To make obeisance, to cringe, 
8. Bannatyne Poema. 2. To curtsy ; as restricted 
to the obeisance made by a woman, and contradistin- 
guished from bowing.— Isl. beig-a, Germ, bieg-en^ 
to bow. 

BECK, Bbk, «. A cuxtsy, 8. Maitland Poema. 

BECKIE, «. Abbreviation of J2e6ecoa, 8. 

BBCIKLET, ff. An under-waistcoa^ or flannel shirt. 
Y. Baiklbt. 

BED, pret. Abode. Poema l^tk Oeniwry. A. 8 bad, 
tarried, from bid-an. 

BED. A woman, when she has bom a child, is said to 
get her bed, Lotii. 

To BED, V. a. To supply a horse or cow with litter, 8. 

BEDDING of a horse, a. Litter, 8. 

* BED, f . In Scotland it is deemed unlucky by many, 
in making a bed^ to leave their work before it be 
finished. The least evil that can be looked for, is 
that the person for whom it is made will sleep none 

i that nighc It is hence accounted a suifident reason. 


that tiiey were mtkloga bed, for terTBiits not tnsfrer* 
log the beU or a call giyen in any way wliaterer. 
BBD-KVIL, c. Blcknees, or indispotltion, wbicfa oon- 
llnei the patient to bed. Balfom't Ftaa. Vxom A. 
8. bed, lectna, and yfd^ malom. T. BBo-enx. 
BIDVALLOW, 9. Used a« eqnlTalent to qnwm or 

wi/<. AcU Jo, VI. 
BBD-LA&S, f. CkOd ted lore, childbed. AtX. Ikm, 

BXD-LARX, a4j. Bedrid ; confined to bed. Thii la 
aninyersion of A. 8. leger-Uddy "a bed or oonch," 
abo, "a sick man's bed, a deathbed." Xe^er, a bed, 
Is, howerer, more commonly tmnsferred to the cause 
of recumbency ; denoting siekness, disease, *o. 
BID-PLADB8, «. jrf. BlanketB.-Oael. pladde, a 


BSD-SEIK, adj. Confined to bed by indisposition. 

Balfow't Fraci.—A. 8. ieoe, sick, occurs In yarioos 

composite terms; as deq/bl^Moe, demoniacns, «. e. 

deyil-slck ; inonethr§eoc, lunatlciia, monih-<tidt ; fyUe- 

laoe, epilepticos, or having the Calling sick n ess. Y. 


BEDDT, adj. Expresidye of a qnallty in greyhoonds ; 

the sense uncertain. Watson'i CoU. It may signiiy, 

attenttye to the cry of the huntsman, Vr. baudif " a 

ciy as of hounds, Breton f* Ootgr. It may, howeyer, 

be tilie same word which occurs in the 8. Proreib ; 

" Breeding wiyes are ay beddi6 f Kelly, p. 76. " Co- 

yetous of some silly things,** N. In this sense it is 

probebly altied to Id. fteid-o, A. 8. Mfd-on* Moes. O. 

Md^'ow, Belg. hiddrtt^ to ask, to supplicate, to solicit. 

BBDB, prti, Ofl^eied ; from the v. Bid. Siir Qaiwuk 

and Sir 9al. Chaucer uses the «. Bans as signifying 

to offer. — A. 8. hatdy Obtnlit, from fteodon. 

BSDB-HOUSE, BBAn-HoDsa, «. A term used for an 

alms-house, 8. B. Statiti. Aee. 
BEDB-UAN, BBiDMur, «. 1. A person who resides in 
a bede-house, or is supported from the fbnds appro- 
priated for this purpose, 8. Statist. Ace. 2. In the 
Court of Bzcheqner, this tenn is used to denote one 
of that class of paupers who enf oy the royal bounty. 
Bach of these beidmen, annually, on his UisJest^s 
birth<day, receiyes a bhit greatcoat, or tfoton, as it is 
denominated (whence they are vulgarly called Blve- 
gownc,) with a badge, which marks their priyU<^e of 
begging ; and at the same time, a loaf of bread, a 
bottle of ale, a leathern purse, and in it a penny for 
eyecy year of the king's life. Xvery birth'day, ano> 
ther beidman is added to the number, as a penny Is 
added to the lalafy of each of them. The designation 
has originated from some religious foundation, in 
timea of popeiy. Btdman occurs in 0. B. V. Aa- 
soiLyia, sense 8. The origin is A. 8. 6ea<i, a prayer. 
Hence, says Terstegan, the name of Beocb, "Uiey 
being made to pray on, and Beadtman.** 
BEDBLUIN, part. pa. Buried, hid under ground. 
JMntplas. — A. 8. bedelftn, aepultus, infossus; be- 
d^f'an, ciroumfodere. 
BEDENB, Br DsHB, adv. 1. Quickly, forthwith. 
Barbour. 2. It seems also to signify, besides, more- 
over, in addition, as respecting persons. Oawan 
and €M. 8. It undoubtedly dgnifies, in succession 
or *' one after another." Gavfon and Oi)i. — As&elyee, 
very similar in sense, is undoubtedly the impemt 
of beUf-ant q. «pa«, «toy ; bedeen may have been 
formed in the same manner, firom Germ. 6ed<e»-en, 
to aerve, to obey. 
BSDTIT, jmW. jNi. Dipped. l>ouafo«.— A. 8. decv-an, 



Sb BBDINK, V. a. To dress out trimly, Bosb. T. 
Banc, DnK. 

BEDlB, Prayers. Kint^tQiutir. Qtirm.b«drm ; 
€(erm. gerbett pmyer.— Hence O. B. bidde, and the 
phrase, to bidde praiyertf to ask, to solicit them. 

BBDOTFB, part. pa. Besmeared, fouled. JhuoUu.-^ 
BvL a. dqft, dmpt, pulvls ; or A. 8. 5ed(/-e», snbmer- 
sus, dipped. 

BBDOWIN, port. ^. />oiiaIat.— Bodd. expl. ftedowyiM^ 
besmeared, deriving it firom Belg. bedamoen, to be- 
dew, or sprinkle. 

ByPBATi, >. A beadle; a sexton. Ovg MannerinQ. 
y. BmnBBL. 

BEDBAL, 9. A person who Is bedrid. Y. OapBauir. 

BBDBBL, a4j. Bedrid, GaUoway. Amfflot.— Corr. 
perhaps firom A. 8. ftedrido, id. ; Tent. Redder, clini- 
cns, Germ, ftedreiis. 

BXDBITB, o. a. To befoul witli oidnre. JTsUy. 

BXDKITTEN, Bioimir, part. pa. Befiled with ex- 
crement, 8. Everffreen. 

BBD8, t. The HopSeotAf or JPoIkiU, a game of 
diiUren; sometimes also caUed the Sguare9. In 
Aberd. the spaces mariced out are ciroular. 

BED8HANK, t. Buttermilk ; 90ia- dooefe. Loth. 

BEDUNDEB'D, jMWf. pa. Btnpified, confounded, a q. 
having the ear deafened by noise.— 8u. G. dundr^t 
Belg. dondor-en, tonare, to thunder. 

BEB, 9. The hollow between the ribs and hip-bone of 
a horse, 8. B. Perhaps firom A. 8. bUfe, bjfot^ flexus, 
angulus, sinus ; b^^-cm, fty^-ean, flectere, curvare. 

BEE, «. A hoop or ring of metal, put round the handle 
of anything into iriiich a time or prong is Insetted, to 
prevent its twisting asunder. — A. 8. fteoA, bek^ beage^ 
annulus. from A. 8. M^ait, to bend. 

BEE. To luu a Bee in one's bonnet^ to be hatrt>rained, 
8. 8t Bamm, 

BEB-HEADIT, adj, Hairt>Tiined ; unsettled, 8. ; 
synon. CaX^wittU. 

BEE-ALB, 9. A qtedes of beer, or rather mead, made 
from the reftaae of honey, 8. B. This in Glydesd. is 
called cioa<«. 

BEB-BBEAD, s. The substanoe provided for the sns- 
tentation of young bees till they are able to go abroad. 
ifcunselTs Bee-maaUr.^K. 8. bohbread is by Lye ren- 
dered honey-comb, perhaps improperly. 

BBE-80AP, 9. Bee-hive, 8. Steam-BoaJt. Y. 8kv. 

BE-EAST, Towards the East Y. Ba, jirep. 

BEBD, 9. Belay ; for baid or 6ade ; Aberd. pronun- 

To BEEK, V. «. To bathe, Boxb. — A. 8. fteoe, 8u. G. 
ftoedb, Isl. ftecfcr, rivus. 

BEELD, y. Beild. 

BEELDB, Bbld, t. "Properly an image.— Model of 
perfection or imitation." 01. Wynt. Wyntown.— 
A. 8. bUWi, bad, Belg. bedd, Md, 8w. MM, imago. 

BEEN, V. 99ib9t. Ist pen. pi. Aro. We been, we are. 
Adam o* Gordon. 

To BBBNE, V. n. To make the staves of a vessel, when 
they have shrunk, swell by steeping. ^8u. <k. ftirfna, 
to swell, whence 8. bolnU. Ab«d. pronunciation 
beenU. Y. Boldiit. 

To BEENGE, BrxtiB, v. a. To cringe, in the way of 
making much obeisance, 8. Y. Bbok. Ferguson. — 
This is undoubtedly from A. 8. ftens-icm, also written 
boem-ian, to ask as a suppliant ; suppliciter petere, 
onue ; ben9iende suppUcans. 

BEEN JIN, improperly written, is expK "fkwning." 

BEENIE, 9. Abbreviation of the name JBoMno, 8. 






"HU head iBimOt bear be to oonfiued, 

■taplfled, or light-headed. T. Bns. 
fVBXBT, «. «. To help, 4e. Y. Bsrr. 
BEST, Bbat Iff Umt, t. A sheef or handle of flsx m 

made op for the mill, 8. The sCricfe to fkr anaBer. — 

Allied, perhapa, to So. G. hgUe, a bundle ; or nther 

to M-o, to bind sp. 
lb BEST UhL To tie op flax in aheatrea, 8. 
BEBTINBAia), «. The atiap whleh Unda a bundle af 

flax, Ayra. 
To BBSTLB, v. a. To beat with » heavy malleti 8. 

Jiaano dfft 8A. TroM. 
BEETRAW, BBRmiB, a. The red beet ; a rootoontaio- 

Inf much aaodiaifne matter, MaxwdPt Sd. Trant. 

Can. ttaat B. ftegCraae, id. Vr. bete, bee^ and raae, a 

BEETS, a. pi. Boota, Aberdeen proa. 
BEEYIT, part, pa, Perfaapa, inatalled aa a knight 

flloioancMclflW.— A-S-^/cHolnctiia^gixded. Bonn. 

▼. Waiow. 
To BEFF, Bait, «. a. To beat ; to wUitt, 8. Bbit, 

beaten, pret. and part, pa, Dougiai* — It ia oaed more 

almply aa referring to the act of beating with atrokea ; 

applied to metal. DouoIob. 
Boim Ban, algniflea beat down, orerthiowB. 
BEFF, BArr, t. A atroke. T. Bjlwf. 
To BEFLUM, «. a. To befool by o^dUng language, 

oonreying the aame idea with the S. a^ to aftom. 

Waverlejf. V. Blsfldx. 
BEFLUM, a. Idle, nonaenalcal, or cooling talk, 8. 
BEFOBN, prep. Before. WaUaee. It ocenxB alao in 

O. E. B. Bmnne.— A. 8. b^oran, ante, ooram. 
BEFOBOUTH, ode. Before ; formerly. Barbour. T. 


BEFT, part. pa. Beaten. T. Birv. 

BEGANB, part. pa. CoTered. Odd beaame, orerlald 
with gold. J)oui^a$,'-Aurea teota, Tirg. Aoooiding 
to Rodd. q. oone aver. Chancer naea the phraae, 
With gold begon. Bom. Boie, 943, " Painted OTor 
with gold," Tyrwh. 

BEQ-AIBIES, i. pi. 8tripea or alipa of oloth sewed on 
garmenta, by way of ornament, anch aa are now won 
in llyeriea ; pettwunt»t 8. i^non. Aett Ja. VJ. 

To BEOABIB, a. a. 1. To variegate ; to deck with 
▼ariooa coloora. Xyndiay. 2. To strike ; to rarie- 
gate with linea of rariona colours ; to streak. Bepar- 
fit, atriped, part. pa. Xkmglae. 8. To besmear ; to 
bedanb; to bespatter. "8. beoaried, bedixted." 
Bodd. TO. LAOoaaiT. Xyncbay. — Thia v, haa an 
erldent affini^ to onr Gair, nore, a atrip of doth, 
and Oaired, gairf, q. t. The wend ia inunediately 
allied to Fr. beoarr-er, to direr^ ; betforri, of aon- 
diy oolonri^ mingled. 

To BBGBOE:, Bboaik, Bbqbik, a. a. To decdre ; par- 
ticQlariy by playing the jilt, 8. B. Jhmbar.—TexxL 
ffkeek-en, deridere, ludibrio habere ; Belg. beguyg-tn, 
illodere. Y. GaoK. 

BEOEIK, Bsoun, BaomK, a. 1. A trick, or illualon, 
which expoaea one to ridicule, 8. .Boaway. 2. It 
often denoCea the act of Jilting one in lore ; applied 
either to a male, or to a female, 8. BegeOc ia the 
more ooaunon term, 8. B. Moritoa. 

BEGES^ Baoaaa, ado. By chance ; at random. Ever' 
greea. — From fta, by, and p€Si, gneaa ; Belg. 

BEQO, «. Barley, Domfr. Bridently the aame aa Big, 
Oomberl. — ^Dan. ftypr, Isl. b}fgg, hordenm. 

BEGGAR-MT-NEIOHBOUB, a. A game at cazda, 
aimilar to that of Oaidirhonawt, 8. 

BEG0AB1S-BBOWN, a. Booteh anoff; that light- 
brown annir which to made of the tobaoeo atema. 

BB0GE&-B0LT8», '* A aort of daita or atdasOe 
weapona. The woid to oaed by Jamea YI. In hto 
Battle of Lepanto, to denote the weapona of the>br> 
oeola, or galley-alarea." GL 8ibb. Hndaon writes 
beggar'ebtUe. A friend in Warwiekahire aaya, '* They 
were merely atonea. We called them Beogeuif But- 
lett in the aame Indierona aenae." The word may 
haTO originated lh>m contempt of the peraona who 
need theae aima, q. boltM of beggart. 

BBQOYT, adj. FooUsh ; aa, " naaty begoyt creature," 
BanfTa.— Fr. bigaut, an aaa or fool. 

To BBGOUK, a. a. To JiU In oonrtdiip; to alight a 
woman, Peeblea. 

BBGOUK, BnowK, a. The act of JOting. Saxoa and 
Gaa. Bynon. with BegeOct aenae 2. Perhapa firom 
guftArtn, ridere. 

BEGOUTH, Baowni, pret. Began. ITyiitoiaii. Be- 
goad to now commonly need, 8.— A. & gftm-an, 
begian-em, aeem to hare had their pret. foimed like 
eode, tnm. gan, ire ; Beginnan, begeode. 

BEGBAUIN, part pa. Buried ; interred. Doaglat. 
—A . 8. g rqf-an, fodere ; Teat, begraven, aepelire. 

BEGEBTTE,pre(. Belated. Boagkm.—A. S. gret-an ; 
Belg. be-groet-ea, salatare. 

To BEGRUDGE, «. a. To regret ; to grudge, 8. Pei^ 
hapa from 0. B. grwgn-adi, to moimor, to gramble ; 
or 0. 8. groetam, aocoaare. 

BEGRUTTEN, part, pa. Having the Uoe dlsflgored 
with weeping. B-^Sw. begraiamde, bewaOing. Y. 

BEGUILE, a. A deception ; a trick ; the allp ; aeme- 
timea a disappointment, 8. Ruth. Lett. Sou. 

* To BEGUILE, «. a. 1. To bring into error ; te caoae 
tomiatake ; aa, *' I'm aaer beguiled,** I have tellen into 
a great miatake, 8. 2. To disappoint, 8. Spalding. 

To BEGUNK, v. a. 1. To cheat ; to deceive, 8. 2. 
To baalk ; te get the better of, Rori>. 

BEGUNK, a. An Uloaion ; a trick. Waverieg. Y. 


BEGUNKIT, porf. a<(/. Cheated, Clydea. Y. Bbobok. 

BEGUNNYN, part. pa. Began.~A. S. begunaen, 
coeptaa, inceptoa. 

BEH AD, pret. Demeaned, held, behaved. BeUenden. 
Perhapa from A. 8. bAaidron, oavere, caatodlre ; or 
trom bekaefd, pret of A. 8. b^atb-an, oonttnere; 
oomp. of be and kabb-am^ habere. 

To BEHALD, Bbhaud, Bbhid, Bbhold, v. a. 1. To 
behold, 8. ITyntotea. 2. To have reapect to ; to 
view with tavonr or partially. Ihugldt. S^peiiat. 
Ylig. A. 8. bekeald<m. 8. To wait ; to delay ; q. to 
look on for a while, 8. ; uaed both aa an active, and 
aa a neater verb. Bote. 4. To permit 0. To con- 
nive at ; to take no notice of. Spalding. 6. To view 
with an eye of watehfolneaa, acrutlny, or Jealooay. 
7. To wanmnt ; to become bonnd, aa, " 111 bAad he'll 

Bbhold oceora in the aame aense. BaHlie, 

BEHAND, adv. To eome wed MUmd; to manage 
handaomely. PerUt f^Man. 

BEHAUYNGIS, «. pi. Manners ; deportment. Bd- 
lenden.—Moret, Booth. Y. HAViiroia. 

To BEHEGHT, v. n. To promiae. Doiwlaa.— Chancer, 
bekeU; A. 8. bdunet-am, id. ; B. Gloae. bdiet; R. 
Brunne, be-kette, promised. 

BEHECHT, BBHB8T, Bbhbtb, a. 1. Promiae. HeOcn- 
den. 2. Engagement ; covenant 8. Command. 
i>oua(af.— Chancer, 6eft«i^ Id. 




* BEHIND, ode. Denoting the non-reqvitil of a bene- 
flt, or neglect of an obligation ; having toiA after it, 
and nearl J equivalent to B. hekindkamd^ t. He was 
neyer htkind wUk any that put their trust in him. 
WdUBtr't Lift qf Ptdim. T. Ahoed. 

BEHO, Bono, «. A laqghing^itoek. " To mak a boko** 
of anything, to hold It op to lidicnle, 8. B. — Alem. 
AiMAe, ludibfium. 

To BBHUTX, V. «. dependent on. IkmiflaM. — 
A. 8. Mu^-ian; Belg. Ukoev-ei», to stand in need of, 
egere, opus habere. 

BSHUTD, pni, Behored* ^fterd. Beg, 

BEHTJIS, BehoresiorbehoTes. 

BSJAN 0LA88. A designation given to the Greek 
class in the UnlTersities of 8t Andrews and Aberdeen; 
as, till of late, in that of Edinburgh. Hence, the 
students in ttiis class are denominated B^ant. It is 
also written-Bc^ofi. — ^Vr. b^aune^ a novice ; an ap- 
prentioe ;. a young beginner in any science, art, or 
trade. Cotgr. derives ^otme firom bee Jmvlnej 
literally a yellow beak or biU. Dn Cange observes 
that L. Bk b^auntu signifles a young scholar of any 
univezBity, and b^anmUm the festivity that is held 
on his arrival. The term is thus very emphstic, 
being primarily used in relation to a bird newly 
hatohed, whose beak is of auleep yellow.— This is also 
written Eq/oM. 

Bajah, i. One belonging to the Bc^w class. Crau- 
funPt Bitt, UtU9, Sdin. 

BsMiBAjAv Class. Apparently the Humanly Class. 
Ora^furdt HiH. Univ: Edim. 

To BEJAN, 9. «. When a new shearer comes to a 
harvestpfleld, he is initiated by being lifted hj the 
arms and legs, and struck down on a stone (m his 
buttocks, Fife. This oustom has probably had its 
origin in some of our universities. It is sometimes 
called Honing. 

BBTIT, pret. BnUt Aber^ JBeg.— A. 8. byea<M, to 
build ; or bjf-an, to inhabit, whence 6ye, a habitation, 
8u. O. Ay, id. 

BSIK. s. A hive of bees. T. Bth. 

To BEIK, BsEB, Bbsk, «. a. and «. 1. To bask, 8. 
Bartnur. 2. To warm ; to communicate heat to. 

8. It Is often used In a neuter sense, & 
Tutaitu. 4. To diffuse heat ; used to denote the 
genial influence of the rays of the sun. P ick on*i 
Ptoems.— Belg. badeer-tn is used in the same sense ; 
baeker'tn em Mmtt, to warm a child. We say. To 
beik in the sun ; so, Belg. baeker-en indeaonne. But 
our word is more Immediately allied to the Scandina- 
vlsn dialects ; Su. Q. beJe^ to warm. 

BBIK, Bbbk, t. 1. The act of badcing in the sun, or 
at the Are, 8. 2. That which communicates heat, 8. 
0. P<dbm's Poems. 

BBIK, a4f. Warm. Bamnatjfne Poemg. 

BEIK, $. 1. This word, primarily signifying the beak 
or bill of a fowl, is " sometimes used for a man's 
mouth, by way of contempt" Eudd. DovgUu. 2. It 
Is used, as a cant woid, for a person ; "anauld fteOr,** 
" a queer fteAr,** Ac., 8. 8. Perhaps at times used for 
beach. — Belg. Mcfc, Tt. 6ee, rostrum. It may be ob- 
served, that the latter is metoph. applied to a person. 
T. BajAV. 

BBIKAT, «. A male salmon. Y. Btkit. 

To BBIL^ Bial, v. n. 1. To suppumte, 8 MaiUand 
Poemi. 2. To swell or rankle with pain, or remorse ; 
metaph. applied to the mind, 8. B. Bou. Wodrow. — 
Belg. Afiyl-en, protuberare f Ihre derives Sn. O. bold, 
a boil, tnm IsL bUiKLf intumescere. 

BkI lIN , 4. A suppuration, 8* 

BBILD, BiSLD, t. 1. Shelter; tefoge ; protection, 8. 
Oiuean and OoL—" Every man bows to the bush he 
gete bidd firae,** 8. Prov. Evexy man pays court to 
him who gives him protection. 2. 8upport ; stay ; 
means of sustenance, 8. DouoUu. 8. A place of shel- 
ter ; hence, applied to a house, a habitation, 8. 
Jforiiofi. 4. Lee ; the shelter found in going to lee- 
ward. Jn the beOd qfOu dyke, on the dde of the 
walLthat is flree from the blast, 8. 6. One who acta 
as a. guardian or protector, &— A. Bor. beOdf id. 

SnuiT BaiLDS. A shelter fonned by a steep hill, 

BaiLDnro also occurs where it seesas doubtful whether 
buildings or shelter be meant Oawan and CM.— 

' lA..bado denotes both a bed or couch, and a cave, a 
lurking-place ; cublle, spelunca. It is highly pro- 
bable that bade is radically the ssme with Isl. bode^ 
domlcilium, habitetio; from te, to build, to inhabit 

2b BEILD, V. a. 1. To protect ; to shelter. Monattery. 
To supply ; to support WaUaee. 2. In one pas- 
ssge it seems to signliy, to take refuge, in a neuter 
sense. Oawan and Oof.— This verb, it would seem, 

■ has been formed fhnn the noun, q. v., or has a com- 
mon origin with Isl. &ael-a, used to denote the act of 
causing cattle to lie down. 

BEILDT, a4i. 1. Affording shelter. JBasuay.— 2. 
Well-sheltered ; enjoying shelter. Waverley. 

BEILD, (kO'. BoU. .SbaOate.— A. 8. beold, id. A. 8. 
Alem. ftelde, audada. 

BEILED. An ancient sea-llaring teim ; perhaps moored, 
and for E. belayed. 

To BEILL, V. a. To give pain or trouble to ; as, "HI 
no beill my head aboutit," Lanaiks. 

BEILL, «. Perhaps sorrow, care;q. &a<U. Bannaiyne 

BEIN, s. Bene) Ang. One is said tobe.a«o>Vae the 
beint all from the bone, when proud, elevated, or 
highly pleased ; in allusion, as would seem, to the 
fleshy pptfto rising from the bone when the body Is 

BEIN, Bnns, a^i- Wealthy. BBixun, eomparaXive. 
Y. Bnra. 

7oBEINtt«|M<. Y. B&uc, e. 

To BEIN, «. a. To render comfortable. A house is 
said to be bein'd when thoroi^ghly dried, Boxb. Y. 
under Bavs, adj. sense 2. 

BEINLIKE, BiKMLiKB, adj. Having the appearance 
of abundance ; creditable in appearance. Gl. Sitter 

BEINNE8S, t. 8nugness in temporal circumstances ; 
moderate wealth ; comfort, 8. Y. under Bxhb. 

* BEINa, Baiir, «. Means of sustenance ; as, " He has 
nae bein* ava," he has no visible means of support, 

BEING, BiTO, f . The beach of the sea-shore, Meams. 

BEIK, Baas, Bn, Bias, s. 1. Noise; ciy; roar. 
Jkmgla*. The wofd is used in this sense by R. 
Oloue. 2. Force; impetuosity; often as denoting 
the violence of the wind, 8. Vir, virr, Aberd. 
Dotiglat.'^. E. Mre, byre, birre. The term, espe- 
cially as used in the second sense, seems neariy 
allied to Isl. byre, (tempestas), Su. G. boer, the wind; 
which seem to acknowledge byr-ia, boer-in, suigere, 
as their root 

To BEIR, Bsaa, «. s. To roar; to make a noise. 
WaUaee. Tout, baeren, beren, is expl. by Killan ; 
Fremere, sublatA et ferodter damare more uraorum. ' 
The learned writer seems thus to view it as a derive- 





^ t. A iMfd ; a miiulreL 
BBTBD, preC Laid «d a 

Vran A. 8. hottt 

K « 
Is apptofciatad to 

q. T. y. BOUL 
DmtHai. T.Baibd. 

That poitioB of 

the laiiiiv of liariey. T. 


BUXTH, Brarsa, t. 
OL 80*.— Dan. ftfrd^ ftyr*; U. hM*' &«- 
M^ac/ A. 8. 
.e.»a<r-iK to 

«. The bier OB whkli a eeipM is eanled 
todwgmTe, Abeid. 
BKIB, •. «. Be is ; thifd per& dof . nri^., 8. IhrntHat. 
— ^Heie the aeeond pen. is lipwi periy nsed for the 
thivA. A. 8. tfrt, sis ; Alcm. Fane, mm; es, fktaft 
Ma, sum ; Waehtv, to. Boi. 
BBU^Bcaa, One's head is sskl to be iaOetet when 
ene is confnsed or stuplfled with diink et otlieivise, 
8. Acrrx/k.— TeaL ftfasa i , sislwil, ftuente iaa- 
peto, sgitari ; or fron the mum origin with Awed, 


pn^ In cwawpaiiKin 

vtth, eompaied 
;T 'Ton are old in 

I slaplfled, 
eoewlio has 

a B. 

S. A 

teOff, M ony. 

• with ; as, ** TeYe aald fteb i 
parison with me, LoCh. Ilfo 
BET8Ain>. Qoite at a looB . 

. Jor.—UL tfm, a prodigy, q. 
a piodigj. ▼. Byssth. 

l', Baumr, «. The firrt milk of a cow after die 
lias cslTed, 8. ; MeiCtn^, B.~A. 8. foose, bjfst ; Tent. 
Mot eMidfc, id. (oolostnnn.) A. 8. ftfituv, id. 
t. The first milk boiled to a thick 
lewliat resesabling new-made cheese, 
Beittgnekeeatt id. Lsnaiks. 
BBIBT-MILK, s. ▼. Baisr, Baism. 
To BUT, Bars, Bvr, Bear, v. a, 1. To h^ ; to sap- 
ply ; to mend, by making sdditioB. Brt, part. pa. 
■gflwiajr. SanTfmme. fV beit Ike Mt, or heU fkt 
imffle. To add foel to the fire, 8. ** To beet, to make 
or feed a fire,** Ol. Oroee. To beit a wtitter, to supply 
a want, Loth. 2. To Mow op, to rnkindlf, applied to 
the lire. DomtfUu. S. To ezcito affectimi, as applied 
to the mind. Bmnu. 4. To Ining into a better state, 
by remoring cslami^ or caose of sorrow ; to abate, 
to mitigate. Wattaee—A. 8. tef-cm, ge-bet-an, to 
mend, to restore to the original state ; Belg. teet-en / 
laL bet^ ; Ba. O. boetrtk, id., ftoe«-a JUoeder, to repair 
or mend dotlies. A. 8. bet-anfgTf c on esponds to 
the 8. friiiase menUoned abore, stnaere igncm. Wai- 

BEIT, c. An addition ; a sopply, & B. 

BEITDCO, BansG, «. Supply ; the act of akling. Acta 
Jo. ri. 

BETT-MISTKll, «. That which Is nsed in a strait, for 
siqiplyiBg any deficiency ; applied either to a person 
or to a thing ; Loth. ▼. Birr, «. and Misrsa. 

BETZLES8. In the extreme. Befxlea HI, extremely 
bad. fibe is a bejwUu clink, she is a great tale- 
bearer, Upp. Clydes. Pertisps q. Maf4«««, withoat 
any bitu or tendency to the canferary. Used as ode. 

To BEKB, V. a. To bask. ▼. Banc. 

BBKEXB, jMrf . Known ; 8. B. bekent. DemoUu.— 
Oeim. bekoMnU, id. ; Tent. be4Bennen., to know ; A. S. 
fte-emuMin, experirt 

BEKIK, t. A beacon ; a sfgnal, BeUemdai.^A. 8. 
fteocn. Ban. bakn, id. 

BKLCH, BBU2B, Bailob, Belch, «. (autt.) 1. A mon- 

to a veiy tasty 
S. A beat ; a ooo- 
f or a chiU ; vnen. BeUhofft, 
fcriih, the bdly ; or as it is prao. 
8a. G. a«(r-fa, Ai4»4a, to swell. 
BELD,a4|. Bald, wifiMHitlmireo the head. & .Btoiu. 
Y. BnuT — Beren. derfTSs it tnm U. tala» plani- 
ttas. With fbny as maeb prabaMity might it be 
traced to IsL boe^a, Tsstsre, prostemere^ to Isj flat. 
BBLD, «. Fsttam ; model of petftetioa. T. Bbsldb. 
BELD, «nipa/. a. Peehapo, took Ite chaiga eC, orpro- 
tected. Momlale. Fr. taO, a gnudian. In this 
it is neaily allied to B. baOed, Wr. hmOUr, to 
to deiiTBr op. As, however, we haTO the 
bead, sheltec, preteetioo, beld may pooriUy 
belon g to a ve ib co ii«y »'""g «« «r«— 
BELD OTTTES» j. pL Bild oooIb. ITeiriafe.— The 
boMceof reeeffes ito naiM ftamatalil ipoton its 
head. ItisTai«nlyealledMI-M(e,8. 
BBLDIT, ^ar<. pa. Ismged ; fiumed. T. BaaLoa. 
JBoalofe.— Bdg. 5eeld«a / eeim. bOd-em ; 8w. MU^ 
fomare, isuginaii. A. & MM; WUib ; Qecm. 8w. 
MM, belaete, an i^«e. 
BBLDNESS, BaunasB, t. Bsldneas, ClyAes. 
To BSLE, a. m. "To bom, to Uaae.*— fryatovn.— 
This, bowerer, may mean, bellowed, roared, flrom A. 
&ftea-a«,8a.«.ta^a,id. dmacerasesbeUcintbe 

BEUB,t. Afire;ablaae. F. Bail. 

To BELEAeUEB, c a. To snnoand ia a threatening 
and Tiolent manner. Gatkry's Jfrni. 

BELECHEB, BaxLcaaa, BsLCvaia, t. Bntertaiament ; 
▼ictasls. Aett Ja. IV. 9r. bdU tkere, good enter- 
tainment. CVtb, "Tictasls ; entertainsunt Ibr the 
teeth," Gotgr. 

BELBFE,«. Hope. Jto^as. 

2b BELKIF, «. a. To leaTe ; pret. bdefL 
A. 8. 6e, and leaf -an, linqnere. 

To BELEIF, Bblbwb, a. «. To deUrer op. 
It is also nsed as a a. «. with ttiepnip. qf. 
—A. 8. bdaeto-aM, tiadere ; betoemeri, taditas. 

To BELENE, v. n. To tarry ; or, perliaps, to ledine , 
to rest. Sir CTowoa.— A. 8. bOen-ed, Inhabited. Of 
al lied to Germ, len-eii, recnmbere. V. Lam. 

BEL ETE,s . Hope. iWtoidca. T. BsLara. 

BELEWTT, impaf. v. DeliYeied op. T. Bsusr, a. 2. 

BKLFUTV, s. An ideal hill snppoaed to be aear 
Medne- or JTedUeMrate, which Is flbbled to be three 
miles beyond hell.— Pror. **Qaiv ya to ttie baek o* 
Bdfyfr Abeid, 

6ELGHE,s. SroBtatiQn, X. belcA. T. Aoyd. 

roBELT,«. a. To besiege. ^loCnseod. 

BELICKJET, Feen't bHieket; nothing. Perhaps ereiy- 
thing clean Itolced «p. Y . BLAOKaaucarr. 

BELIE, ode. Bj and by, Benricks. Coir, of BaLrra, 

BE-UKB, a<0'. Probable. " That stoiy^ no fte4ae," 

BELYK, ode. PmbaUy. S. JMOe. Baanalyae** 

BELYYB, Bklift, Baum, Baura, od*. I. ftame- 
dlately ; quickly. Dom^toM. S. By and by, 8. JBor- 
bomr. This seems to be the only modem sense of the 
termin8. S. At length. iTmi^las. 4. It is nsed in 
asingnlarsenae,8. B. £<ttleM<M,orMKae,a8maU 
remiOnder. Popalor BaU. — Oiaaeer, betioe, btioe, 
qnidily ; Gower, Myas, id. Hickes mentions Fianc 




MAe, M ilgnUytjas piottnofl, oonltetim ; and Janioi 
ref«n to Nofm. Su. MUvs. Thia U oertMiaif tb/t- 
■UM woid ; flram Alem. and Vnukc. teW&HW, manera; 
A. B. MIThm, id. 

BBLL^ BwL, i. A bvibble in> vator or any Uqidd. 
Ai^Mlf, babhleafonnad bjblowing oat soapywater, 
8. Teuft. ftfUe, bulla, a bobble. ▼. Bbixbb. 

To HELL^ «. ». To bobble iip;-to throw op or bear 
bobbtei,8. JPleHbo/JToik 

BKUi, 9. The bloMom of a plant; ai, "Lint in the 
ME,** flax in flower. GL Bams. JJeotter-Mb, *o. 
Bdl in B. the enp of a flower. 

BBLL on a horae'e fSMO. A blaae ; a white mark, & 
Armor. boMf a white apot or mark on a horse's ftee. 
O. fr. M. 

BEUi ^Oe Arue. The highest part of Am slope of a 
hin.— O.Bw taX denotes a pnminenoe^ or that which 
Jots oat 

To BBLL THB OAT, to eontend with one, espeoiaUy 
If of aoperior rank or power ; to withstand him, 
either by words or aetiona ; to ose strong measorea, 
withoot regard to oonaeqoenoea, ft. Oedier^.— Vr. 
iraMrslaeeM^peHW Mi^etot, " to begin a qoarrel, to 
raiae a brabble; we aay alao, in the same aenae^ to 
hang the beU aboot the caf 8 neck." Gotgr. 

BSLL-KITB,** The bald eool T. BaLDCimut. 

BELL>PBNNT,a. Money laid op, for paying the expenae 
of one^a ftmeral ; fnm the ancient oae of the paaaing- 
bell. ThlawordiaatUIiMedinAbeibroailek. 

BBLLAM, * A atreke or blow, 8. B. ; ndioaUy the 
aame with Bklluii, q. ▼. 

BBLLAN,«. Vl^t ; combat, Jbivlat.—Lat.&ea«ai. 

BBLLANDINB, a. A broU ; a aqoabble. Hog^tWinL 

BELLA,!. Bonfire. ▼. BUUk 

BBLLBI8, BnxiB, m A pair of bellowa. Aherd, Rta, 

To BBLUU, V. n. To bobble op. Bp. GaUoway. 
Pexhapa allied to laL frOiir, impetoa ventl, or Wigim, 
floetna marla, or bdoia, Inflare booeaa. 

BBLL>HBATHBB, a. Oioaa-leaYod heath, 8. Brica 
tetraliz. Bu. Hiifid. Soe, 

To BBLLT one's ae^o* Water. To (akeabellyfU of 
water. Bjn. with To tag one'a self wC wUer. Aberd. 

BBU^T-BLINI), a. The play called Blindman'a-bofr, 
8. JL : BItetf Marie ajnon., 8; Jlliciently thIa term 
denoted the peraon iriio waa blindfolded in tiie game. 
XymlMf . In 80. O; thia game la called hUttd-bodc, 
L e^bUnd geat ; and in Ckrm.- hUmde kuhe^ q. blind 
eow. It la probable, ttmt tha term ia the same with 
BlUg Btynde, mentioned In the Talea of Wonder, 
and said to be the name of " a fiunillar spirit, or good 

BELLIOAL, «^. Warlike ; martiaL JmL SeHiMia. 
^fllt Jfory. 

BBLUOON, a. h blostering feUow, Ayrs. Br. td- 
Mjneiur, warlike y or baiicaeU, a biagger. 

HBLLI00U8, 049. Warlike. Miti, Jomss F7. Lat 
MUeoSMS, id^ 

tiBLLIB-MANTIB, a A name for the play of Blind- 
man'a-boir, Upp. Glydesv Aa the principal actor waa 
not only bHadfolded, bat enTeloped in the akin of 
aa animal, the latter part of the word may be firom 
Fr. manteCMft, q. MiOf withithe mamOe. ▼. Billt- 

BBLLT-VLAUGHT. 1. TO slay, or,^, btU^/kmkt, 
to bring the skin overhead, as in flaytnga hare, 8. B. 
MemrotfelUt. 2. It Is osed in Loth, and other pro- 
Tineas, in a sense oonsideiably dilTerent ; as denoting 
great eageraesa or Tiolenoe in approaching an tiltfect. 

foauoy. 8. Itiaalso rendered, "flat finrwaid," J. 

BBLLT-OOUBDON, a. A glotton^ Fife. Perhaps 
fromBeUy, and vmrd, ffonnl, togorge.-^. Wr.gardin, 
stoplde, Ac. 

BSLLT-HX7DDBOI7. Y-. HuDimonir. 

BBLLT-BAOK, a. An aet of gormandiring, Lanaiks. 
q. radeimg or stretching the MIy. 

BBLLT-THRA, a. The colic. €fl, Cbmjilaynt.— A. 8. 
ftekr, belly, and Ara, affliction. Thia term, I am in- 
fbimed, ia atlll oaed on the Border. 

BBLLINO, a. The atateof dealring the female; a term 
properly ^yplied to harta. Jkniglae. — Bodd. deilTea 
the phraae firom Fr. ftaKer, a ram ; hot perhapa it ia 
nUher from laL haA<Li M-lo, boai^o, Qeim. ieU-en, 
moglre, boare. 

BBLLI8, a. pi. Thia perhapa refera to the beUing-time 
of beaata, mentioned above. WaUaee, 

BBLLI8, » pi. Bella. Blade belU» of Berwick, artil- 
lery of Berwick ; ao called, peihapa, when Berwick 
waa a bone of contention, and the air ao often rong 
with thia hardi mode. SpeUmood. 

BBLLI8AND, Batt.iaA«T, <m^. Blegant ; of an im- 
poaing i^pearanoe. Jbrbet <m tike JSev.— Fr. hdU^ 
oaed adveibially, and aeonf, decent, becoming, q. 
having a good appearance. 

BBLLTT, oi^. Bald. Jbrdim. AoNolrow. V. Bild. 

BBLLONIB^ a. A noiay, brawUng woman, AyrB.->Lat. 

To BELLRAIVB, «: ik To roveaboot ; tobe onateady ; 
to act haatily and withoot conaideration, Boxb. 
Aiieeaeei^atobetheaameaaX. toro«e,lBl. Aroif/h, 
loco movere ; Ml may faidicate that the term has been 
originally applied to a wedder which carried the Ml, 
from being disposed to roam. Y. Bkllwavke. 

BXLLT7M, 9: Ftooe ; impetos. 8!fn. Jiensei. 

BXLL-WABX, a. The sea-weed of which kelp la made, 
Zostera marina. Agr. Surv. CaiiKm, 

3b BBLLWATBR, «. It. 1. To straggle, to stroll, 8. 
Saint Patride, 2. To floetoate, to be Inconstant ; 
applied to the mind, 8. 8. Applied to narrative, 
when one does not tell a story coherently. I am in- 
formed, however, that the prononctatlon of the term 
in some places in the weat of 8. ia Btdlwaver ; and 
that it la primarily applied to a huU when going after 

, the cow, and honoe tranaferred to man, when soppoeed 
to be engaged in aome amorooa poraoit. The origin 
of the latter part of the «. ia obvlooa ; either firom B. 
waver, or L. B. vnjfvaire, to atmy. Peihapa the al- 
loaion may be to a ram or other animal, roaming with 
a Ml hong roond ita neck. HU Momaaterjf. 

To BELOW one's edf. To demean. / feadma bdovo 
myaell eaefairf Fife. Pertha. 

BELBHAOH, a. A contemptoooa deaignatton for a , 
child ; eqoivalent to Brat, Btrathm. Perhapa firom ' 
CtaeL bioUugackf talkative, bMoioadh, prattling. 

BEUBHIB, a<|^. Fiat, and, at the same time, diminotive, 
Upp. O^ea. 

BELT, a. Often oaed to denote a atrip of planting. 

To BELT, o. a. To flog, to aoooige, 8. ffegi^t Broumie 

To BELT, V. n. To come forward with a aodden apring, 
8.— lal. b4U^ MU-att, signifies, to tmnble headlong. 

BELT,jNirt.jM. Boilt. Doi^laa. 

To BELT, V. a. 1. To gird, 8. Hence^ In oor old bal- 
huls belted kn^^ii are often introdoced. BeU is 
sometimes osed aa the part. pa. JDongloa. 2. To 
gird, aa expreaalve of an honorary diatlnctioo.— Wil- 
liam Hay, then oonatable of Scotland, waa the first 




MIedSarleofSnoU. PUteoUkf* Onm. S.Togtrd, 
metaph. uaod In reUtion to the mind. BtUendtn. 
4. To anrroond, to onrlion In a hosUlo manner. 
BeBaMfen.— laL beU<^ dngere Mna. 

BELTED PLAID, t. The plaid or mantle worn t^ Hi|^- 
landen in full military dreee, 8. 

BELTINC^, ». The ceremony of patUng on the swoid 
and bdi in former times, In making a lord of parlia- 
ment. Aeti Ja. VI. 

BELTANE, Bbltbut, f . The name -of a aort of featfTal 
obeenred on the first day of May, 0. 8. ; hence need 
to denote the teim of Whitnmday. Feblis to Ac Ptoy. 
This festival is chiefly celebrated by the coir-henis, 
who assemble by scores in the fields, to dress a dinner 
for themselTes of boiled milk and eggs. Theie dishes 
they eat with a sort of cakes baked for the occasion, 
and haTing small lamps 1b the foim otn^pple$, raised 
all over the surlkoe. The cake seems to hsTC been an 
offering to some Deity in the days of Droidism. — In 
Ireland, Beltein is celebrated on the 21st June, at the 
time of the solstice. There^ as they make fires on the 
tops of hills, ereif nmmber of the fsmlly is snade to 
pass through the fire ; as they reckon this ceremony 
neoesaary to ensure good fortune through the suc- 
ceeding year.^The Qael. and Ir. word Beed^ine or 
Beil4ine signifies Bel'$J%rt; as composed of Bool 
or BeKf, one of the names of the sun in Gael, and 
tein signifying fire. Eren in Angus a spark <rffire is 
called a tei» or tetnd. 

BELTER, «. Peifa^M beating or bickering ; from Chel. 
frMal-as», to beat, buaUU^ beat, bualadK, beating, 
budUairtf one who beats or thrsdies another. 

BELTH, t. DOttffkw.— This word may denote a whizl- 
yoci or ruihing of waters. I am inclined, howerer, 
to -view it, either as equlTslent to beldk, only with a 
change in the termination, wtetri coma ; or as signi- 
fying figure, imsge, irom A. 8. JMitii, Alem. WMd, 
Mtea, id. 

To BEMANG, «. «. To hurt;. to injure; to orer- 
power, 8. B. Jf<»fCrBi«y4Benier. 

To BEMB, V, n, 1. To resound : to make a noise. 
DmvIos. 2. To call forth by sound cf trumpet 
Qawan and iM,—^tena. ftotw cn , resonare ; or A. 
8. hocm, fteaws, tuba. It is erident that bema is 
rsdically the same iHth bommtnt because Qerm. 
ftomsie, as well as A. 8. fteorm, signifies a trumpet 

BBBfB, ». A trumpet ; Bimts, pL €hunan ami Ool. 
— O. E. heem, id. Y. the o. 

BEMTNO, ». Bumming ; bussing. DougUu. 

BEN, «. A kind of anall ntmon, generally from seren 
to ten pounds in weight They are darker in the 
back and whiter in the belly than those commonly 
caught ; and appear in tiie Solway Virth about the 
end cf March, from which time they are taken till the 
beginning of May. For this reason they are called 
Wair-bena^ that is, the fish that come in Spring. 
Annandale. Perhaps from Gael, hean^ quick, nimble, 
tnm the acttvltyand lirelinesB of the q>ecie«-H>r 
fh>m ban white, owing to the coioor of its belly ; as 
the char is called red-«oam«, from the redness of the 
same part of the body. Wair is the <}othlc designa- 
tion of spring. 

BEN, «. A mountain, used bofli In compcslton and by 
itself. JwofibiU AeUcs.— 0. B. ten, a proninence, or 
what Is high ; Ir. Gael. AesiMi, ftein, a summit a 
mountain ; 0. B. jpen Is lynon. ; hence I*t Fminitm^ 
or ApvMvina. Y. Bur. 

BEN, (Miv. 1. Towards the Inner apartment of a house ; 
corresponding to ihi<, 8. ITinitown. It is also used 

as a preposition, tiKos hm Us Aovse, Go Into the 
inner apartment 2. It is used met^»h. to denote 
intimacy, foronr, me honour. Thus it is said of one, 
who is admitted to great IkmUiarity with another, 
who either is, ^ir wishes to be thought his mqwrior ; 
JB« tt./or ten. "•O'er /or ten, too intimate or 
fomiliar," Gl. Shirr. Lyndmy. Leg. as in edit 
1870, Jar 6en.-nA. 8. Jtimiwik ; Belg. Wnnen, intus, 
(within) ; Mnnm-Jbasier, locus secretolr in penetm- 
libus domus ; Killlan. Belg. Mnnen tfoon, to go 
within, 8. to ^oe ftmv Mnnen ftrtnom^ to carry within, 
8. to bring ben. 

A BoT and a Bsai, 8. ; i. e. a Jiouse containing two 
rooms. SiaUtt.Aoc. 

To Comb Ba. To be advanced ; to come to honour, 8. 
B. Bott. 

BEN-BND, «. 1. The ten-end ^ aJhonae, the inner 
part of it 8. 2. Metaph. , the best part of anything ; 
as, <te tenend ^ ontft dtnnsr, the principal part of 

BBNNBB,a4/. A comparatlTe formed fkom ten. Inner, 
6. B. Poem$ BufdumJHal. 

BEN-HOUSE, «. The Inner or principal apartment 8. 

BEN, Bnqi, «. The interior apartment of a house. 
Sir J. Carr. 

THi-Bnr, adv. In the interior apartment 8. Itou. 

THSBi-Bn, adv. Within, in the Inner apartment 8. 


BEN-INNO, fmp. Within, beyond, 8. B. Joamal 
Load.— Wrom ten, q. t. and A. & Mne, or <nnon, 
within ; Alem. iwna; Isl. iane, id. 

BENMOST is used as a superlative, signifying inner- 
most JTetvuson. — Tent binneoite is synon. 

BENCH, f . A frame fixed to the wall for holding plates, 
Ac, Aberd. Bink^ Angus. 

BEND, 4. A spring ; a leap.; a boond. Xyndcay. 
Perhaps from Fr. bond, id. Or It jnay be merely an 
oblique use of the E. «. M expressive of the incurra- 
tlon of the body which generslly precedes a leap. 

To BEND, V. n. lo spring ; lo bound. Xyndioy. 

BEND, BiiiD-LBATHBa, s. Leather, thickened by 
tanning, for the soles of boots and shoos. 8. Batet, 
A. 1670. 

BEND, t. A muffler, kercher, or cowl. 

BEND, f. 1. Band, ribbon, or fillet; pi. bendii, 
Xhagku. " Bend^ a border of a woman's cap. North ; 
perhaps from temd," GL Grose. 2. It is wed im- 
properly for a fieeoe. DoMgUu.—A. 8. bmd, baeadt, 
Moes. G. bandit Germ, bond, Pers. tend, vinculum. 

To BEND, V. n. To drink hard; a cant term, 8. 

BEND, «. A pull of liquor, 8. BamMajf. 

BENDER, «. A hard drinker, 8. JIamsay. 

BEND ANEUGH. Expl. Bravely enoi«h, Abeid. 

BENDIT UP. Beldened up. PittooUie. 

BSNDBOI^ BAjromoLL, Bsdeoll, «. The prop or rest 
used formerly for a heavy musket MUit. Hitt. Fr. 
tenderole; E. temdroi, a small fiag or pennon worn at 
the point of a lance. 

BENS, V. tubU. Are. BeUenden. Chaooer., bei^ Id, bom 
bean, third p. pi. subj. of the A. 8. substantive verb. 

BENE is also used for te. Kia^t Qaair. 

BENE, Bbiv, Bbthb, Bibb, o^/. 1. Wealthy, well-pro- 
vided, possessing abundance, 8. JJenrysons. — This 
is perhaps the meet common sense of the term, 8. 
Thm we say, A bene or tem/irmer, a wealthy far- 
mer, one who is In easy, or even in affluent oircum- 
stances ; a beim la^rd, Ac. 2. Warm, genial. In 





Mill Moae It la appltod to • Are, 8. DoutHat, S. 
PlMMDt, oomfortoblj Bitutcd. LHmgUu, 4. Happj, 
bUflgftil, fl. Fergumm, 6. Splendid, ahovj. ITol- 
loot. 6. ChMd, exeeUent In Its kind. i>imtar. 7. 
■ager, a«ir-lkngled. People are nid to be Mn upon 
anything that they are Terj fond of, Loth. In this 
sense teync ooenrs In O. B. %. A hein oaife, a cask 
that is qnSto water-tight, Ijuiaiks. IsL te<»-a, alg- 
nifles to prosper, to give soooess to any undertaking. 
JSeAi, as alUed to this, signifies hospitable ; hcinty 
boqpitality, hospitis adrenae ezhlbita beneflcentia. 
O. Andr. mentions the t. ftstno, as signiiying hospltll 
beneficia praestare. Beitni, hospitality, Ubeiallty. 

BENI, ad9. WeU;/tttt 6eiie, fnll well. Dcmglat. 
This word Is most probably firam Lat, ben^ weU. 

BIN JBiriBlT, part a^f. Beneficed. Actt Marjf, Vrom 
It. B. bm^facere, to endow with a benefice. 

BBNEnOIALL, cm^. Of or belonging to a beneAce. 
Wr .ben^f hiai, id. 

BKNBVIT, «. Allowance to serranta beflldes their 
money wsges, Oalloway. 

BXNBLT, BiiMLT, ado. 1. In the possession of ftd- 
ness. L. SeoUanda Lammt, 3. Well, abundantly. 
J»iekem. 8. Xzhibltin«r the appearance of wealth 
B. OUhaiM. 4. Happily. Jknidnn't Seaaont, 

BBNXW, adv. Beneath ; below ; Aberdeen ; also 

BKNBW, jwitp. To olMfc, apparently to fluten. A. 8. 

BBNJEL^ t. A heap, a considerable qnantity ; as " a 
dei^e< of coals," when many are laid at once on the 
fire, 8. B. BenaUt howeyer is used in the same sense 
in the Soath and West of 8. Y. Buuli.. 

BBNJI^ a. The abbreriatloD of the name Bet^amin. 

BXNK, BwK, f . A bench, a seat. It seems sometimes 
to hare denoted a seat of honour. JTeUy. — ^Dan. benkf 
Qerm. tonib, scamnnm ; Wachter. 

BBNN, «. A sash. SieMH. Ace. Y. Bihd. 

BENNXI^ 9. pi. A kind of mats, made of reeds woren 
together, need for fonning partitions In cottages ; or 
laid across the rafters to form an inner roof, Bozb. 
If not synon. with Tout ftendei, Ihsda, or allied to 
Isl. hendla, ooncatensre, perhaps q. ten-watts, fjtom 
forming a sepamtion between the ben and the but, 

BENNBU, Lm-Biimu, s. pi. The seed of fiaz, 
Boxb. ; synon. BoUs, ^owt. 

BSNNT8T, jMre. j»a. Banished. Aberd. Se^, 

BSNOBTH, pr^. To the northward of ; beaoiUk, to 
the southward of, 8. Wfniown. 

BBN8ELL, Bbmsail, Baar-eAiL, «. 1. Voroe, rlolenoe 
of whaterer kind, 8. DwgUu. 8. Xzposure to a 
▼iolent wind ; as^ " I am sure ye bade a sair 
tenacf," i.e. suffered a serere attack of the gale, Oal- 
loway. 8. Transferred to a place exposed to tike 
▼iolence of a storm, and directty opposed to Meld. 
Hence Ben»H o* tte dros, that point of an emtneuoe 
most exposed to the weather, Fife. 4. BmtU tf a 
JIre, a strong fire. South and West of 8. 6. Streteh, 
full bent 6. A seyere stroke ; pioperly tiiat which 
one receiyes from a push or shoye, 8. 7. " A seyere 
rebuke," GL Shirr. " I got a terrible 6eiiseU /' I 
was seyerdy scolded, 8. It is not unlikely that the 
word was originally bml-MkH^ as alladlag to a yessel 
drlyen by the force of the winds. 

To BBNSELL^ «. a. To bang, or beat, Gl. Sibb. 
"ilsiiset, to beat or bang. Yox rustics, Toiksh." 
QU Grose. 

BSN8HAW, BaaasHAw, t. A disease, apparentiy of 
horses. FtMoari. Voxmed perhaps from A. 8. km, 

Tent 5«M, os, and A^, eleyatio ; q. the swelling of 
the bone. 

BENSHIB, BaH9n, «. Bxpl. " fairy's wife." Fm- 
fumi. It has been obseryed, that this being, who is 
still rererenoed as the tutelar demon of ancient Irish 
fiuttilies, is of purs Celtic origin, and owes her tiUe to 
two Gaelic wordst Ben and j^Aeotft, signifying the 
head or chief of the fiUries. But it seems rather 
deriyed from Ir. Gael, ftsn, tean, a woman, said by 
Obrien to be the rootof the lm,%. renns, and tif^ a 
fUzy or hobgoblin. 

To BENSn, «. a. To strike impetuously, Abenl. Isl. 
&a«v«-as, belluino more insultsre. Y. Busbll. 

BXNBOUB, a4/. Qnarxelsome. Obinnsr. Y. Bavq- 


BXNT, c. 1. A coarse kixtd of grass, growing on hOly 
groimd, 8. Agrostis yulgarls, Linn. Oommon hair- 
grass. 8. The coarse grass growing on the sea-shore, 
8. denoting the Triticnm Juaoeum, and also the 
Amndo azenaria. Lightfoot 8. The open field, the 
plain, 8. X^Dnalof . 4. To ^ae to As taU, to provide 
for <me's safety, to fiee firom danger, by leaying the 
hauttte of men ; as it is also yulgariy aald. To fol; tite 
eDwOrie on \i» bade. Mamryaene. 5. To Tak tite 
Bent is used in the same sense ; although not always 
implying that one leayes the ooun^. Bob Sajf, 0. 
To Tak to the Bent, id. ; often signifying to fiee fhxn 
one's creditoTS. JPerils of Mam.—Ttnt, biendae; 
Genu. Mnts, bina, a rush, Juncus, selrpus ; a Mnden, 
yincire, quia sportas, sellas, flsoellas, et similia ex 
^unels eonteximns; Wachter. 

BBNTT, Bnmr, a4i, Coyeved wltii bentgrasi^ & 
Jfomno^t JZei. 

BENTINB88,t. The state of being coyeredwitii &sn<, & 

BBNT-MOSS, a. A soil composed of firm moss ooyered 
with a fhkk herbage of bent^ Ayrs. 

BBNTXB, t. The name of a fowL Agr, Swro. 
Aiflteri. Y. Biwm. 

BBNT STLYBB, a. Perhaps coir, ot fr. benit^ blessed 
money, because claimed on some saints day. Y. 

BBNWART. Inward ; towards the Interior of a house. 
Ba^fOoUfwr. Y. Bn. 

BBNWXED, a. Bagwort. 

KiOK-AtuTHa-BxKWBin, adi- Headstrong ; unmanage- 
able, Ayrs. The BntaU. Y. Bubwbdb. 

BBOWl/D, part. adj. Distorted ; as, BeowTd lege, 
Fife. Y. BowuB. 

7o BIB oil Aoiid. Y. Bbab. 

BBBBBB, «. Baifoeny, a shrub. Sir Oismain and Sir 
Gal.-^ B. berberiat 8w. id. 

BBRB, a. Noise ; also^ To Bbbb. Y. Bbib. 

BBRB, e. Boar. Bouolaa. Y. Riu. 

BBBB, a. Barley. Wynlown. 

BBBE880NXOV. Qyroasonof. Aberd. Bea.t paaaim. 

To BBBGB, V. «. To scold ; to storm ; generally in- 
eluding the idea of the impotent wrath of women and 
children, 8. O. Y. Bbabob. 

BEBGIN, part pr. Storming; scolding. Peter's 

BBBGLB, Bbbobll, t. The wrasse, a fish, Oikn. 
Barry.-- The first syllable of ito name is undoubtedly 
fnm Isl. fteri^, a rock. Had It any resemblance to 
the eel, we might suppose the last from calf q. tiie 

BBBGI7TUT, a. The Black Goby, a flA. BdsMn- 
atendi Zaiamd. 

BBBHBDia, a. pi. Heads of boars. Anson and Oci. 
Y. Bbbb. 


.—A. & h 9ii§ mmy kL Juiai ayi Ihii A. a 

is tttoBBy, tHiiiueb b Mfty, temvac^ te 

Ifettt tte piteitiTd Mm is tamA in UL 

'aac htrf m, teowr, to Mda, fdefend. 

BKRT BBOUHBy a Aade of biovm ■nraehtef to rad. 

g—a» Md fiU.— We rtffl nj, **as fefmm m a 

tanry," &— A. & farii, taeeri. 

KKRTATiT^ «u Pednpik » bwtal, «r a 

A. S^bfrgeU • 


BWif AIJ^ a4F. flUBii«]fk0bci7L 

BIKIll^ «. fl^iritHe.— A. S. tgri^t, 

BMft U Mondii«|y anA by Wkiif far 

— A.&Syr^MH 
BKBIT, impaf. T. 
BIBLl;«. Beiyl,ft 

thUc Dmv. toou dM Ml. terteBi iMai^ Ukt 

BKBLT,fl4^. A9pvmiyelmiw,B%kly. ntmgmmi 
Ate ««d Is the mam^ I flupee^ with K bmrig. 
If teriiy be the eadcDi v«id, eitkef 
nr, Ttr fltaHrie; or fkom l«ar, ! ■■ ■ ■ ; 
deny at fa. O. Morm id. «M Mlq^ wed te 

BKRUKMALT,*. Melt Bade of beilcy. J[«(.jl«iit 

BEBLDT, «. Aeartoffykgr. Ihiy Jfaaacviiv. Also 
▼litleaiNdrMv, q.T. 

BEBN , Ban, «. 1. A baioa. ITallaaB. i. It U 
ofteaaMdin a geaoal eaBae,ee deaeciac a aaa of 
mnkeraalhmlftf; or «ae who bee tiw appeenaee flf 
nak^althoaghthedegieeofitbeankaown. Gamm 
mmd flU. 8. A imb la gmeoL JM^ to .—A. & 

ho»B» Baieoa; *'a pitee^ a 
of honow aad d%Bl^/ 
a aaaa, ia ea hoaoaaMe 
Bay be from A. 8. tar, tree, or ImL ban, waed by 
Otoerav as eqalfaleat to a had or peer of the iceha. 

BBBlffC AbaxB,ap)aeefarlayinciipaadfhxiAlBC 
gnia. ^OTsa aad 0oL— A. 8. tara, id. Joaiai 
Mppoeoithatthieleooi^ of ftcre, barley, aad er% 
plMW^q. "tfaeplaoe when bailey la depodtod," GL 

BKBNS-TABD, «. The eaderara a^ioiai^ a tare* in 
which the prodaee of the flelda le itartred for preeer- 
TBtioa daiiac wlater, B. tarafo i d .— A. & bam, 
hoireiuB, aad fftard, eepfaaeataM. 

BBSNMAN, «. A thaeher of eom, & A. ; daewhcR 
a tarawaa. 

BKEN-WINDUN, t. A ladienas tem te a Ua 
giTCB ia the eomer of a bam, Btlr. Par. 

BBBNT, f . Abhrerlatifla of itaraaby or JKamatat. 
▼. BAavr. 

fo BBBBT, «. a. LTobeat; a% tobvryata**, to 
beat a child. S. To thaeh eom, Beab. Aaaaad. 
Damfk.— 8a. O. baer^ia. Id. btt^ fedn, pokan ; 
Iteai, pognare. 

BKBHKBKAB^ BnniKiB, a. AaaaeglTeato aMa 
aid to hare beca pneawBrt of ptctenataal etraagth 

T. Xnm, aad 

BBBTIB BADDOCK, t. Haddeeks ipltt, aad MU^ 
diied wilh Oe aaoke of a Are of waod, cand te 
aoat part at l a ^ei^o r e fe . Oftoa called Aerate, & 

BBEWABI^ 9. Oae 

yginWAI¥,a.a>. Ve 

, llwiiwn, «. Aa 

offsredby tite 
eolB of this deecripHon wee ftat 



lb BMBH. «. «. iy» 
-^ a. *c aad aa»«a, to aedc ; 
soiicU» to catraat; lieee. O. 

anaa, jnrl pa. 1. WeD 
with ; skilled ia. S. PlWTlded ; ! 

lataeri. Ia the flat oease, JStoam deaetea one who 

has leelad weB fl|poaeriatoenyttii« ; iathe seeoad, 

wett loofeal to^ or cand ibr, la aay 

fbl»aBT,«.a. «Bbeoaae;asedasqra.with&set 
— TML taoett^ea, eaapeaere ; ta aei; deeeae» 
▼. aar, «. 

1. Not staaighi, distartod, 
Ans. t. TorB,tatlerad;oAeaiBeladfa«theldeaof 

, aa§, mot^m il^yalnea«~A. fl. 
beriigk, id. ; allied pahape to TeaL b^m, 

la. O. 

thither with Tioleaee, 

Dmi b a r. The suae with & Hoed. 
BSTKB, Biana, Bnoi, i. Bzpl. "whore, bawd," 

OLSibb. ▼. Bam. 
BBSmXS^ «. 1. BarfaeBB. I Tyato a a . X Tn^le; 

BBBSIB)!. "Aipeeiesof 
at lea. It wamhitd the ■■«.!.»»■, »«• «.. .»».», 
aadof aleiger celifafe,* Ol. Oomplafni 8.—Wr. bant, 
badu, *'thepieeeefoidBaaoeadledabase^''OolKr. ; 

BBBTH, a. AppaaaOy, aia. fFyatank—IsL and 
8w. Muedc^ id. 

lb BI8LB, or BaxLB, «. a. Totatkaaehat 
to tolk iaooaeldeately aad boldly oa a soldect that 
is iRBoaat of, Ang.— Bels. ha fid m, to Mfle, to 

'!bslb,s. Idle telkli«^ Aaff. BdK. ftcasel, id. 
BBaM01TBIT,part.fa. Beqattend, Ibaled. Dtowlac 

—A. 8. &enay^aa, aacelare, taqaiaare; Bdg. 

hi we dtin - g a, Gcna. i r h e i arfer a, rtaaMir a, to 

stain, a to aiarfd, Ba. G. ailHf a. 
BBOlf, «. A eoaftoaptaras dorigaatioa fbr a low 

waaaa;apnelitBle,8. Old JTarfalily. ▼.Bnani. 
BBBOM-CLBAM, al$. Asdeea as a besoa 

a floor, caitartnd with washias. 
BBBOUTH, pr^ip. To the soathwaid of. T. 
BEBBt Baau, «. Abbrev. of the : 
BBS8T-U>BCH,«. The flA ia B. called a lea*, Boahw 

— Vr. leole. 
BB8r,ade. Uba€: 




BB8T AUOHT. The miMt vmlnabto ftittdfl, of a puil- 
colar d«Bcrlplion, tluU any man pomsaed, ooounonly 
the belt horie or ox used In labour, elaimed bj a 
Undlonl on the dMth ct hia tenant Y. Hnu- 


BBSr, Btraek, beaten. Barbour. V. Bair. 

JOSSr, part. ptL Perfaapflp flntfeexing or ehaken. Bar- 
boMT.— Id. b«sfMt-i, ooncnCio. 

BIBT, ff. ** Beast, any animal not hmnan,'' Gl. Wynt 
ITyntoiPii.— The term is stUl need in thU general 
eenae, &, pronouneed q. haM, 8. B. 

BXST-HAN, f. Bildeman ; as bett^aid is bride-maid; 
from haTlng the prindral oAoes in waiting on the 
bride, 8. JHmipUns. 

BESTED, part. pa. Overwhelmed ; oreipowered, 8. 

BB8TIAL (ttf Tre), «. An engine for a siege. Wal- 
Joce.— It seems wioertain, whether this word be 
fonned fkom lat (oMoIii, as at first applied to the 
engines ealled rcww, sows^ Ac, or f xom Ir. boitUU, a 
tower ; L. B. baitillae. 

BESTIAL, BisnALL, t. A tena nsed to denote all the 
eattle, horses, sheep, Ao., on a fsrm. Spaidino. — 
Tr. ftMMol, bettiaU, beHaO, " beasts or oattle of any 
sort ; as oxen, sheep," Me., Gotgr. 

BBSTIAUTt, «. OatUe. Oampiaynt S.—t. B. 
bettlaUOf peeodes; Fr. butaO. 

BBSTBEIE, part. pa. Drawn out ; adld fteifreft, gold 
wire or twist. An^.—Tent. be-Oreck-m, extendera. 

BEST17BTBD,jMir<.jpa. Startled, alanaed, afMghted, 
8.— Ckim. bestoTM-m^ to startle; butiavt sey*H to 
be startled. Hire views IsLsMrd-r, rigid, immovable, 
as the root. 

BESW AKIT, ^ort ^. Apparently, soaked, dfODcfaed. 
Ihmbar.—lMi. took, meq^or, saufto-a, meigi. 

To BESWEIK, V. a. To allure ; to begnile, to deoeive. 
—A. 8. noi^aii, buwio^m, Isl. nik-ia. Alem. 
bimU L^a, Bu. Gt. wrik-a. Germ. sc&«o<db-«N» id. 

To BET, Ban, «. a. To strike. T. Bn, 8. 

BET,preL Stmek. Oawaa and OoL^A. S. beat<m, 
So, G. ftet-a; to bete, thoa hast struck. 

BET, part, pa. Bet down, beat or broken down, Bd^ 

To BET, e. a. To defeat ; apparently for betU. Oraa- 
JurtPi HiH. Univ. Mdln. 

To BET, «. a. To abate ; to mitigate. Y. To Bin. 

BET, Bin, pret KoApart. Helped, supplied. Y. Bbit. 

BET, part. pa. Built, erected. Jkmoku.—ThiM is a 
secondaiy and oblique sense Of the v. BeU, q. ▼. 

BET, a4f. Better. Kin(tt Quair.—A. 8. bet. Tent 
bat, bet, melius, potins, magls; Alem. ftois, bae, 
melior, the oompar. <rf bai, bonos. A. 8. bet-on, 
emendare^ and the other synon. verbs in the Northern 
laogttsges, have been viewed as originating the term. 
Bet, indeed, seems to be merely the past part, 
mended, i. e. made better. 

BETANS, part. pa. Pertiaps, enclosed. Barbour.— 
A. 8. bet(en-en, betjin<m, to enclose, to shut ap. 

BETAUGHT, Bnux. Delivered, committed in tmst ; 
delivered op. Y. BanoB. 

To BETBOH, Bitsaob, «. o. To deliver np, to con- 
sign ; betnk, pret betaaeht, pret and part pa. Bar- 
ftour.— Hence the common Scots expression, " Ood I 
beteack me tUt," Bodd. ; and that osed by Bamsay, 
BetootA^at4o ; L e. Let os commend ouxselves to the 
protection of seme superior being. — 0. B. bitoke^ 
committed ; also bitaugkten, bitakun, bitaiuhL A. 8. 
betaeoan, tadere, conoedere, asiignare, oommendare ; 
to deliver, to grant, to assign or appoint, to betake or 
recommend onto ; Somner. BetoAic, tndidit 

BETHANK, s. In your bdhemk; indebted to yoi^ 

' Ayrs. Spaewife. 

BBTRANKIT, f. A Indicxoos and irr everent term for 

giving flbonkf after meat Ayrs. Bume. 
BSTHEBEL, Brhxal, $, An inferior kirk-officer who 

waits on the pastor in his oflidal work, attends the 

seision when they meet, summons delinquents, Ac. * 

AyrAire Leaatea. Con. of E. beadle. 
BETHLEBIS. Leg. BaoHLms. Bachelors. Honlate, 
BBTHOUT, prtp. and ado. Without, Vife. Synon. 
.. AAawt, which is used in the same sense. Perhapi^ 

A. 8. be-^Uan. 

• BSTIICES^ ado. 1. By and bye; in a little. 2. At 
time s ; occasionally, 8. 

BETING, «. Eepamtion. Y. under Ban, «. 

3V> BETEETESS, Banusa, «. a. To betray. Bar%oar. 
Betraiit, DoogUs; betrateeed, Wallace; betraiwd, 
Chancer; betraiet, B. Bmnne.— Germ, trieg-en, 
betrietf-en : Er. (roA-ir, id. troAi-eon, treason. 

To BETEUMFE, v. a. To deceive. JhagUu. 

* BETTEB, aii. 1. More, in reference to number, 8. ; 
as, bdter than a doeen, more than twelve. 2. Higher 
in price. / patd better tkan a shilling, i.e. more 
than a shilling, & 8. Often osed in regard to health, 
8.— Sn. G. baettre, id. 

BETTE B8, ». pi. Ten betten ; ten times better, Aberd. 
BETTEB 80HAFE. Cheaper ; at a lower price. Actt 
BETTY, ff. Abbrev. of EUealbelh ; sometimes of the 

old 8. name Beatrigit 8. 
BETTIBNE88, t. 1. Superiority ; appUed to Umd. 2. 

Amelioration ; emendation ; applied especially as to 

BETTLB, f . Stroke ; blow. Diminutive ttom beat, a 

Mow, als o a contusion, 8. B. 
BETWEESH, prep. Betwixt 8. Y. Atwbbsh. 
BETWEKIB, pr^. Betwixt Aberd. Beg. Y. At- 

BEYAB) ff. One who is worn out with age. Henry' 
ffonc— It is evidently flram the same sourae with 
Bavard, adj. q. v. We still say a beoir^horee, for a 
lean horse, or one worn out with age or hard woric; 8. 

BEUCH ^011^;, ff. Aboi«h, abranch, 8. Doofflat.— 
A. 8. boffeL, 6oA, id. from bug-^ui^ to bend. 

To BEUCHEL (iiuU.)^ v. n. To walk with short steps, 
or in a feeble, constrained, or halting mimner ; to 
shamble. " A beuAdin body," Boxb. — Tent 
AoeeAel-eni baeAd-en, nitl, oonari. 

BEUCHEL, ff. A little, feeble, crooked creature.— 
Germ. ftfl^eZ ; Teut beugkA ; Su. G. fty^el, curva- 
tura ; Isl. beygVa, tortnosum reddq, fkom beyg-ia, to 

BECOHIT (gva.), part. pa. Bowed, crooked, & 
DovgUu. — A. S. bng-an, cnrvaro. 

BEUGH (g%Ut.), t. A limb, a leg. Border. ^Mivreen. 
Isl. bog, Alem. jpuoe, Gena. bug. Id. The texm is 
applied both to man and to other animals. Both 
Ihre and Wschter view b%Hf-en, to bend, as the origin; 
as it is by means of its Joints that an animal bends 
itself. Y. Bought. 

BEYEL, ff. A stroke ; sometimes, a violent push with 
the elbow, 8. Jfomy.— This is a derivative from JBcf^, 
b<gff q. V. 

To BEYEB, Batvbb, Bawsa, v. n. To shake, to 
tremble ; especlaUy from age or infirmity; as, "We're 
auld beoerin bodies/* "Beverin wl' the perils," 
Shaking with the palsy, Boxb. Berwicks.— A. S. 
beiff-4ain, tremere, tiepldare, b^-ian, btf-gean, Id. 
beqfwng, bifung, tremor. Y. Bavxan. 




BEVXlt, Bbtbb, f . A b«TV. 

BIT£&; «. ▲ MlBii glMB opsn pntling on a 
ftooe «f nnr 4tnm, geaeimlly by a male to a female ; 
as, " She gat the beverao* o* hie braw new ooat," 

BXVSRSN, BamLuro, part. pr. Sir Oawm and Sir 
Oal. Perhaps from ▲. 8. btfer-ant drcimidare ; or 
as the lame with bevarandt which Sibb. renders 
" shaking, nodding f* derlrlng it from Tent, beoen, 
oontranere. This is a prorincisl S. wonl. ** Sever- 
infff trembling. North." Ol. Grooe. Y. Bam, «. 

BBUOLE-BAGKSD, a^g. Crook-backed, ffotoon.— 
A« S. bug-anj to bow ; Tetit boeckd, glbbos ; Oerm. 
hmgelt a dlmln. from buQ^ denoting anything conred 
or circular. It is ondonbtedly the bsbm word that is 
now pronooneed ftooKe-^ocMt, 8. 

BBYIB (qf a fire), t. A term need to denote a great 
fire; sometimes, Iteviee, 8. Perhaps from B. ftavM, 
"a stick like those bound vp in fsggots." Johnson. 
It is thus used in 0. B. 

BBYIX, f . A Jog, a push, 8. from the saoie senree with 
bevd. V. BirWf t, 

BBVIL-BDGB, t. The edge of a sharp tool, dfeping 
towards the point; a term used by masoBii 8. Y. 
BariL) V. B. 

BBYI8. Y. BsTiB. 

BBUKB, pret. 9. Baked. JDoitftat.— A. 8. ftos^ pret 
of ftoo-on, pincere. 

BBULD, a4j' Bow-legged, Ang, ; q. beugM from the 
same origin with beuoUf in BeuffU'baekedf q. t. 

BBW, adj. Good; honourable. Bew seJkyrif, at 
ickirrUi good Sirs. Fr. 6eav, good. JkmoUu. 

To BBWAYE, Bswaub, v. a. To cause to wander or 
waTer. Police qf Honour.— A. 8. waf-iaOf Taeillare, 

To BEW AYi; Biwaub, v. a. 1. To shield ; to hide ; 
todoak. 2. To lay wait for ; to orerpower by means 
of some base stratagem, Ayrs. Y. BrwAua. 

BBWBST, prep. Towards the wes^ 8. BaUli^t Lett. 
Y, Ba, prop^ 

BBWIDDISD, jwrf. m^'. Deranged, Bttr. Bor. Hoot- 
— From 6e, and Teut. woed-enj Insaalre. ' 

To BBWILL, V. a. To cause to go astray, Buehan ; 
syn. with B. bewilder. Tarrant PoetM. From be, 
and v>iU, lost in error, q. ▼. 

BBWI8, BawTS, s. pi. Boughs. DoutHaa. Y. Bsuoh. 

BBWIS, t. pi. Beauties. 0. Fr. beam, beauty. Mai^ 
land Poemo, 

BEWITH, t. A place of residence ; a domicile, Perths. 
— Perhaps allied to A. 8. by-on ; Sn. G. fto, bo^i^ 
fttt-o, to build, to inhabit ; Isl. &y, in pret. buid^ in- 
habited ; whence bud ; Su. G. bod, mansio ; B. booth, 
and 8. botkie. 

BEWITH, $, A thing which is employed as a snbetltnte 
for another, although it should not answer the end so 
well. Bamsa^. One who arrlyes when the regular 
dinner is eaten, is said to get " only a bevriih for a 
dinner," 8. From the snbst y. be, conjoined with 
the prep. wiOi, q. what one must submit to for a 

To BEWBT, V. a. To pervert, to distort JhugUu.— 
Teut. wroeghren, torquere, angere. 

BEWTEB, s. The bittern. Sir S. Chrdon't Saikerl. 

BEYONT, prep. Beyond, 8. 

Baox-o'-Bktoht, adv. At a great distance ; synon. 
Fer outby, 8. The Antiquary. 

BEZWELL, adv. However, Oikn. Perhaps ahbrer. 

BHALIB,t. A hamlet or Tillage, Gael. Olan-Albin. 

To BT, 9. a. To puichase; to boy. Aett Marg.^ 
A. 8. bffoan, enere. 

BT, prep. 1. Beyond, 8. PitteotUe. 2. Besides, orer 
and abore. Pitooottie. 8. Abore, more than, in 
preference to. Daoidmm^t Sdtort Ditcun. 4. In a 
way of distinction fhim, 8. Wattaee. ». Without. 
PitoooUie. 0. Awayfhun, without regard to, con- 
trary to. WaUaee. Hy, as thus osed, is sometimes 
directly contrasted with be, as signi^jring 6y in the 
moden: sense of the tenn. This may be viewed as 
an oblique sense of fty as signifying beifoad ; perhaps 
in allusion to an arrow that Hies wlde'fkom the 

BT, ado, 1. When, after; q. by the time fliat, Pito- 
ooUie, This idiom is reiyanoienL Moes. G. Bi 
Oe poUttiM thai brotkrjtuii; WJten his brethren 
were gone up. 2. As signifying aUJtou^ ; as, '* / 
oorena 6y," I don't care (heuoh I agree to your pro- 
posal, 8. 8. Denoting approximation, or approach 
frnm some distance ; used in the composition of 
various adverbs. 

Dowv-BT, ado. Downwards; implying the idea that 
the distance Is not great 

IB-BT, ado. Nearer to any olijeet ; q. ▼. 

Ovx-BT, ado. This, as well as TkrouaMf, is used bj 
neighbours in the phrase " Gome owr4)f,** or, " Come 
tkroughrby,** when parks, woods, streams, or son^ 
thing that must be passed Ourouf^ or over, intervenes 
between their reqtectlve reridenoes, 8. 

OuT-BT, ado. q. T. 

THBonaH-BT, ado, Y. Oum-sr. 

Up-bt, adv. Upwards, & 

BT-GOMING, s. The act of paaslog by or throni^ a 
a place, 8. MdvUPt Diary. 

BT-GOMMON, adv. Out of the oidinaiy line ; by sig- 
nifying beyond. CtaU, 

BY-COMMON, a4f. Singular, Ayrs. B. GiOMiae. 

BY-EA8T, Towards the east Y. Ba, prep. 

BT-GAlN, In thety-galn. 1. Idtexally, in passing, ia 
ooina^, Aberd. 8. Incidentally, Aberd. 

BY-GATB, Btqbt, t. A by-way. Maymfi SiUer Own. 

BT-GOING, «. The act of passing. Monroes Bxped, 
Tent, byoaen signifies to approach, to come near. 

BT-HAND, adv. Over, 8. Y. Hian. 

BT HIM8ELL or HEBSELL. Denoting the want of 
the ezeidse of reason ; beside himself or herself. Y. 


BY ONE'S MIND. Deprived of reason. PitoeotHe. 

BY-HOUBS, t. pi. Time not allotted to regular work, 
8. Agr. 8arv. Peeb. 

BY-LYAK, f . A neutrat Kno»,—lnm the v. To lie 
6y, E. 

BYAR, $. A purchaser. Aberd. Beg. Y. Br, v. 

BIAS, a word used as a mark of the superiative degree; 
bia$ bonny, very handsome ; biat AtM^ry, very 
hungiy, Aberd. Y. Btods, which is perhaps the 
proper orthography. 

BIB, t, A tenn used to denote the stomach, Ang. 
Borrowed, perhaps, firom the use of that small piece 
of linen, thus denominated, which covers the breast 
or stomach of a child. 

BYBILL, t. A laige writing, a scroll so extensive that 
it may be compared to a book. Betection Q. Mary.— 
The word occurs in a similar sense in 0. B. As used 
by Chaucer, Tyrwhitt Justly renders it " any great 
book." In the dark ages, when books were scarce, 
those which would be most frequently mentioned 
would doubtless be the BibU and Breoiary. Or, thte 
use of the word may be immediately from L. B. 




MW«», A book, (Or. /ScCXoc), whldi ooeus In tUs 
sense from the rdgn of Oharienuigiia downwaids. 

BIBUOTHBO, 9. A Ubnuy. i^ieol Amw.— I*t 

BIBLIOTHBOAB^ t. A Ubruian, Ibid. 

BIOHMAN, t. Perhaps, for duttowM, q. hooGkmant 
one who sells goods in s booth, Dumbar.^la edit. 
1608, It is btUhmam, 

BYCHT. y. Ltobt HoMlote. 

BIOK, «. A bitch ; " the female of the esnlne kind." 
&— A. 8. bieoa, biece, id. ; Id. biekia, eateUa. 

T» BICK AXD BIBB, V. ». To ery as grouse, Bozb. 
Winter JBv. TaIet.->Perhap8 aUied to Belg. Mfefe-en, 
to beat, to chop, as denoting the noise made by its 
wings. T. Biaa. 

To BIOKXB, Bnsa, «. n. This «., as used in 8., does 
not merely slgniiy, " to flght, to skirmish, to fight off 
and on," as it is defined in 1. dictionaries. It also 
denotes, 1. The constant motion of weapons of any 
kind, and the rapid sncoession of strokes, in a battle 
or broil. WaUaee. 2. To flght by throwing stones ; 
8. S. To more quickly; 8. **He came down the 
gait as fast as he ooold bkkar." 4. It expresses the 
noise occasioned by soocesslTe strokes, Iff throwing 
of stones, or by any rapid motion ; 8.--C. B. Mere, a 
battle ; " Pers. jiyter," id. 01. Wynt. 

BICKBB, BiKBEuro, «. 1. A flghs earned on with 
stones ; a tenn among schoolboys^ 8. Bicken^ as 
they are called, were often held on the GaltonhilL 
They took place almost ereiy eyening a little before 
dusk, and lasted till night pacted the oombttants; 
who were genenUy Idle apprentices, of mischierous 
diflpodtions, that delighted in chadng one another 
from knoU to knoU with sticks end stones. (kxmpbeWa 
-Jommt^. JL. A ceatondoa, strife, 8. SaUlie, 8. 
A short race. Ayes. J9Mmt. 

BICKXR) BiQVOVB, f. A bowl, or dish for centsinlng 
liqnor ; .propeily, one made <rf wood ; 8. Mverffrtom. 
—Qtirm. betAer.; Isl. .boukwr, btkanjSm, .boifore ; 
Dan. beaen ; Gr. and L. B. fitueapi, baoottHum ; 
Ital. MeoJUerc, patera, scyphos. 

BICKXRNT, f . As much of anything ss fills a bicker, 
8. 79u Pirate. 

BICKBBIN*, «. Indelicate toying, Dnmfir. Bynoo. 
Bagenin^ Fife. T. BiCKiB-aAin. 

BIGKSR-RAID, t. The name giren to a kind of In- 
decent ftolio which formerly prevailed in harvest, 
after the labourers had finished dinner. A young 
man, laying hpld of a gixl, tiirew her down, and the 
rest corered them with their empty bicken ; Boxb. 

To BID, V. a. 1. To desire, to pray for. Aienrysone. — 
This sense is common in 0. B. 8. To care ibr, te 
taioe. JkmgUu. From the same origin with Bnis, 

BIDDABU^ 4tdJ. Oljiedient; pliable in temper; as. 
"A biddttUo bairn,** a child that oneerfully does 
what is desired ; tnm the B. v. to bid, to command. 

BIDDABIilMBSB, t. Disposition to obey.; compliant 
temper, 8. 

BIDDABLIB, ocfo. ObedlenUy. 
To BWE, Btdb, si. o. 1. To await, to wait fn. XtUf. 
1 Te wiit for, as implying the idea of defiance. 
SpaUUng. 8. To suffer, to endure. "He Mdet a 
great deal of pain r 8. Westmorel., id. JSost.— An 
Oblique asnss of Hoes. G. fteicUM, A. 8. bid-an, ex- 
To BIBB bt,ft.m. To oontlniie la one state, 8. 
Jb BIDl or BTD oi, e. A. and a. Topersisl. IVoMlc. 
bf. K$UVtBitL 1 

To BTDB be or 5y, v. a. To adhere to ; as, TSno 

b gdeb e that agreement," 8. ; the same as Byde at. 
To BTDB KNAWLBaB. To bear inTHittgirtmi ; an 

old forensic term. T. Kxawuwb. 
BIDB, t. Applied to what one endures. A torrid 

bide ; rtrj acute pain, Leth. 
BTDINa8, t. pi. BtU endured ; what one has to 

suffer, Ang. Jfost. 
BIDING8, «.!>{. Sufferings. Y. Bina, v. 
BDETPIB, 9. The designatioB given to the double poi^ 

tion of meat formerly allotted, by a chief; to his 

ChMoglaA, or annour-bearer, in the Western Isles. 

Martin'9 Weet. Ii(.— Oael. biadk, meat^ food, and 

fear, a man ; i.e.a man's portion. 
BIETTAT, 9. The luuno given to the food served up 

to strangers, taken immediatelf after being at sea, 

ibid.— Perhaps beit-kav, from Is*, belt, food, andJkV; 

Dan. Ibas^ the sea. 
BIXLD, 9. Shelter. T. Bsild. 
Jo BIBLD, v. a. To protefjt ▼. Bklo. 
BIBLT,CK^. Affoniing shelter, GalL 2tavtd9on*9 Sea- 

sons. y. BlILDT. 

BIBB, «. Bxpl. as signifying twea^ threads in Ihe 

breadth of a web. y . Poavu. 
BIBBDLT, BintLT, a^f. Popular Ban.— It is viewed 
as the same with JBurcOy, q. v. But to me it seems 
rather to signify, fit, proper, becoming, fhim Isl. bjfr- 
iar, ber, deoet, oportet. 
BIEBLT, oc^. Big ; burly. Ski9mer'9 0kri9tma9 

BIBBLINO, t. AgaUey, 8.B. BtatM. Aoe. 
To BIBTTLB, Bistli, v. n. 1. To amend ; to grow 
better ; applied to the state of one's health. 2. To 
recover; applied to the vegetable kingdom; as, 
"The crapes beeUin* now." DImin. tnm. A. 8. boot- 
ian, bet-am^ oonvalesoere. 
BIO, Bioo, 9. A particular species of barley, also deno- 
minated bear, 8. Cumb. id. barley. Statiet. Ace. 
y. Cbistsk Baia.— Isl. bygg, honleum. Dan. ftyp, 
Btt. O. biugg, id. . 
Tb BIO, Bro, «. a. To build ; 8. Comb. Westmorel. 
id. ITaUaoe.— This word occurs in 0. B., although 
not very frequently. A. 8. bjfea-an, Isl. byao-ia, 
Ma. G. bygo-Ot aediflcare, instruere, a fivquentatlve 
flrom te^ id. ; as It is onstomaiy with the Goths thus 
to augment aaonoiyflables in o ; as 9mofh% from ss, a 
7b BIG, «. «. To build a nest A oemmon use of the 
term in 8. " The gray siTallow W§e V the cot-house 
waV Bemaine NUkedaWSono. 
To BIG round one. To surround, Aberdeen, 
lb BIG ttpon. To tall upon ; to attack, Abevd. ; per- 
haps referring to the approadies made by a besieging 
BIG-OOAT,t. A great-ooat, 8. 
BYGANB, BiOAHB, Brooiia, a4f. 1. Past ; S. The 
latter Is mentioned by Dr. Johnson as "a Scotch 
word." Aete Ja. I. S. Preceding ; equivalent to B. 
predeceased. DougUu. 
BYGANBS, Bioons, used as i. pi. denoting what Is 
pas^ but properly including the idba of transgression 
or defect 1. It denotes offences sgainst the sove- 
reign, or the slate, real or supposed. Baillie. In 
this sense it Is used provezfolally ; Let byganee be 
byganee, let past offences be forgotten, 8. 2. It Is 
osed in relatioo to the quarrels of lovers, or grounds 
ei offenoe given by either party, 8. Morieon. 8. It 
often denotes anraan, sums of money formerly due, 
but not paid, 8. Wodrow, 




BIflOABy f. A bandar, one who Mirlei ob abnOdtxtg* 
BICK^n, Bioaix, «. A Unn o^. Ayn.— Vr. heguikL 

y. DfUOVBT. 

BICKIIMO, BToan, Braanoi, f. AbnOdlng ; ahonae, 
properly of » larver das, aa oppoaed to a cottage, fli 
WaUoM-^BiooiHt a bnikUiif , OL Waatmord. laL 
oiffffinQf atruciara* 

EIGGIT, p»t. jpa. BoUt^Tbia word ia uaed in 
▼axtona aenae^ 8. BiogU land, land wbera fliere 
are booaea or bai]dlnfa> oontraated wltb ona'a altaa- 
tton In a aoUtnde, or fbr from any shelter during a 
atQrm,& Barbimr. ITeOl^ffti, well-grown, Inaty. 
MtMXPt MS. A wtm hkfffU bodf ia one who baa 
aeqttired a good deal (tf wealth, 8. B. 

BIOQIT WA'8» «. fi. Bnildinga; booaea, 8. Gug 
Manmerimg. T. To Bio, Bro. 

BIGGIT, prA Peitaapa, inclined. King Hart.— A. 
8. ojfff'^ui, flectera< 

BIChHT, a. 1. A loop upon a rope. 2. The Indinatlon 
of a bi^, I«oth.— Tent M^-eii, pandaii, incnrraii, 
flectt ; laL bugt, cmrUanL, alnua. T. Bovobt 

BIGBT80M, a4i. IBiplTlng an eaay air, and, at Ibe 
aame time, actiTltj, 8. B. iforiwfi.— Pediapa q. 
ftnooBk, f rom A. 8. ftoenns flesibiUa;ti(9Haii|tobeDd. 

BIGLT, BroLT, ad^. 1. Coaunodioaa, or habitable. 
BImdgSerk. 2. Pleaaant, delightful. BordLMimt. 
—from A. 8. big-an, habltare, and lie, atanllia. 

BIGLIB, a4y. Bather large, Ettr. Tor. Viom tiOt 
large, q. bigAike, 

BIOOMT, a. A linen cap or coif. JKamaay.^Troin 
the aame origin with B. biggin, " a kind of coif, or 
linen cap for a young child f Philipa ; or rather from 
Tr. begviine, a nun of a certain order in Vlandera. 

BIGS, Barbour six. 802. Pink. ed. Leg. Loon, lodgea. 

BTILTBIT, part, pa. Boiled. CktUmen^t Mary. 

BTK. Apparently, an errat. for &yi, bite. Bumbar. 

BTKAT, BaiKAT, a. A male aalmon ; ao called, when 
come to a certain age, becauae of the beak which 
grows in his under Jaw ; Ang. 

BIKB, Bnu, Btis, Bbik, «. 1. A building, a habita- 
tion, 8. OatnnandChi, 2. A neat or hire of beea, 
waapa, or anta, 8. Bouglat. 8. A building erected 
for the preaerration of gr^n ; Oaithn. PamaiU. 4. 
Metaph. an aaaociation or coUectlTe body ; 8. Lptd- 
fay. To tfcafl the byke, metaph. to disperse an aa- 
aembly A whaterer kind ; 8. 6. A yaloable collect 
tion of whaterer kind, when acquired without labour 
or beyond expectation. 0. In the North of 8. it is 
used in a almilar sense, but only denoting trifles.— 
lal. biiharf denotea a hive, alrear ; and Tout bie- 
ftodfc, bi&bayck, apiarium, alTcarium, Killan. The 
lal. word la probably from 8n. G. bygga, to build, 
part. pa. bygdt; q. aomething prepared or built. 
There aeema to be no reason to doubt that the word, 
aa uaed in aenae 2, la the aame with that denoting a 
a baUtation. For what ia a 6ylse or bee-bikt, but a 
building or naUtation cf beea f 

To BIKB, V. n. To hlTc ; to gather together like beea, 
8outhof8. A. Seotet Poemi. 

BTKING, M. A blTc ; a awarm. ^yn. Bike, Byke, 
Btfr. For. Hogg. 

BTKMTF, BTKVira, s. A knife. Perhapa a honae- 
knife, from A. 8. bye, habitatio, and enif, a knife ; 
cr it may be a knife lying by one, or at hand. 
Aberd. Beg, 

BTKTNia^t. Bodkina Aberd. Beg. V. Boikm. 

BILBIB, a. Shelter, residence; Ang. This, I appro* 
hend, is a Tory ancient word. It may be either from i 

8a. G. dyle, habitacnlum, and by, pagua, cw^dned, 
aa denoting realdenoe in a TiUage ; or mors aimpty, 
firom Belby, Tllla primaria; fkom M, praediom, and 
by, a yfSiMge, Thua beiby would algnUy a Tillage 
which baa a jwn edi mw , or tenitoiy of Ita oim, an- 
nexed to it 

BU/m, (puU.) t, 1. A luatf peraoD. S. In SelUrka,, 
a little, crooked, Inalgntllcant person. T. Bbu«. 

To BILOH, (dk aoTl) «. n. Tolimp; to halt, Tw«edd. 
Boxb. 8yn. HUek. Perhapa from Tent, bakker, in- 
dinare ae ; or UL ftyita, Tolntase, MZMo, caana 

BIumJBBL,9. Onewhohaltaitbid. 

BILDXB, a. A aoab, Ang.— A. S^bylc, oarboneolna, 
8u. G. bolda or bosld, ulcua.. 

BILBDAMB,a. A^great^andmotber. OotkdbUaom. 
Like B. beldam, txma Fr. Mto-ddma. It aeema pro- 
bable that thia waa an- honourable title of consan- 
guinity ; and that as E. grandam denotes a grand- 
mother, in 0. Fr. gramde-dame had the aama aenae 
in commoa with grande-mere ; and that the next 
degree backwaida waa beU&dame, a great-grand- 
mother. Bekiom aeema to* have fallen into equal 
diarepute with iMckie, which, aa weU aa £iioMe- 
wUtmie, Btill dgniflea a grandinotber, tmnaferrad to 
a n old woman, and often uaed diarespeetfldly. 

BILEFT, preL Bemained, abode. Sir Trieirtm,— 
A. 8. bdif'On, aupereaae, to remain ; Alam. MUb-en, 
Franc. biUa-en, manere ; Sehflter. 

To BTLBPB, 9. a. To corer, aa a atalHon doea a mare. 
Bonglaa.'^A. 8. bekleap^ut, InalUre, Su. G. lectp-o, 
Teut 2oop*<ii, catullra. 

BILES, Brua, a. A game for four persona ; a sort of 
billiards. Ckal, Lift q^ Jfory.-^Fr. biU^ a aaudl 

BILF, a. A monater. A. Patrick. T. BsMm, Bcloh. 

BILFr «. A Uunt atrokCr Ayri. lAnarka. Oetire B. 
CMkaiMe. Btff, Baff, qm. 

BILGET, a. A prq|ectfon fbr the aopport of a abelf, 
Ac, Aberd.— Teat, budgei, biAga ; O. Goth« bulg-ia, 
to swell out 

BILGET, cMlf. Bulged, Jutting out DemglM. So. G. 
bulg^ to swell, whence Isl. bylgia, a billow. Or, 
IsL eg beige, curro ; bdgia kaopta, inflare buocaa. 

To VLLL, V. a. 1, To register, to record. Bp. Farbee, 
2. To giro a legal iufbimatton againat, to indict ; 
^ynon. with Ddaie, DHale, Aett Jo, VI, 

BILL^ a. Gorr. of B. BulL BavideotCe Poana— From 
8w. ftoel-a, Isl. baid-a, to bellew ; IsL batda, a cow, 

To BILLT, «. n. To low. Coir, of bellow, Galloway. 
Baoii»o>nft Seammt. 

BILLT BENTIB. A smart, roguldi boy ; uaed either 
in a good or in a bad aenae ; as, '* Weel, well, BiUy 
benty, Fse mind you for that I" 8. From b(Uy, a boy, 
sense 8, and perhaps A. 8. bentith, "that hath ob- 
tained his desire f from bene, a request or boon, and 
Uik^iain, gertWi-ian, to grant 

BILLT BLYNDB, Biixr Bun, a. 1. The dealgnation 
giTon to Broiwnie, or the lubber fiend, in acme of the 
Bouthem counttea of 8. Bern. Ojf Nitk. Song. 2. 
Bllnd-man'a4>uff. Aa the skin of an animal was 
generaliy worn by him who sustained the principal 
character In Blindman*e4mff, or Blind Marie, the 
sport may be so denominated from his supposed re- 
semblance to Bromiie, who is always r epresen t ed as 
baring a rough ajipearance, and as being corered 
with hair. Y. Bun) HAua. 

BILLTBUKBEB, a. 1. The person who boodwinka 




Aaother in ttie play of BUnd-man's-boS; 8. 2. 
Metapb. med ftarabUad or Impoaltlon. FtrUt ^Mtm. 

BTLLOI, Bellt, «. 1. a oompanion, a comrade. 
Miuatrtltjf Border. 2. Velloir, oied rather oon- 
temptooualj, 8. ; synon. dtidd, cftap. Shirr^. 8. 
Aa * term expresMTO of affection and ikmilaritj ; 8. 
JBomfay. 4. A lorer, one wbo is in suit of a woman. 
Mvergrttn, Still noed In tills sense, 8. B. 6. A 
brotiier, 8. MinHrOty Border. 6. Appaientiy used 
in alloslon to tNrothexliood in aims, according to the 
ancient laws ef chiTalry. Minttreltp Border. 7. A 
young man. In this sense it is often nsed in the pL 
The MU<e*,«r AsyoMHtf friUiet, 8. & It U ezpl. "a 
atont man, a deyer fellow." GL Shizr. 8. Sometimes 
it algniiles a boj, 8. B. as ^ynon. with eoUon. Bote. 
—It ia prObablj allied to So. G. Gecm. hiUig, Belg. 
hiUik, eqnalis ; as denoting those that ere on a footing 
as to age, rank, relation, affection, or employment. 

BILLTHOOS, «. Brotherhood, South of &.a^Ymm<e«/ 

BTLT.IT, adj, **«hod with iron," Btadd. BmUc». 
Douola»,—Tt&» phrsse is perhaps merely a drcomlo- 
cntion for the btpenmie^ or laige ax. Y. Balax. 

BUSH, f. 1. A short, plnmp, and thrliing person or 
animal; as, "A b(Uk t^ a callan," a tiiickset boy, 
lanarks. Boxb. PiUk is used in the same sense. 
2. A llttie waddling fsllow, Bttr. Vor. 

BHAHIE) (ufr*. Short, plnmp, and thriTing, Ibid. 

To BILT, v. ». To go lame4 to limp; also, to walk 
withcmtches, Boxb. 

BILT,.t. AIlmp,ibld. 

BILT, #. A blow, Ayrs. Gl. Picken. 

BILTEB, f . A child, DnmAr. ; Isl. pOUr, poeUm. 

BILTDS, odQ. Thick and dnbblsh, lanarks. 

BILTIKS86» e. ClnbbiUhnesB ; domslness, Ibid. T. 

BILTIN', fori. pr. Limping ; as, NUin' awa'. Byn. 
JWUtn', O. &— Isl. &<Uto, Tolntare, piolabi, inTerti. 

^BIM,«.n. TohiDn,Eenfrews. ATarie^ofA(m,q.T. 

BIH, «. The act of boning, ibid. 

BIMMXB,f. That which hmns, ibid. 

To BIN, o. n. To more with Telocity and noise ; as, 
*' He ran as fast as he could fr^* i. e. more his feet, 
fife ; syn. Biwiur. Allied, perhaps, to Isl. tein-a} 
expedire, negotium promoTere. 

BIN. A sort of imprecation ; as, " Bin thae biting 
degsr Somw be on these biting degs ; used when 
one is harassed by horse-flies. 

BIN, t. Key ; humour, Aberd. It seems the same as 
Bindf q. T. 

BIN, M. Jl mountain, 8. O. {ToUoiwiy.— From Gael. 
&«n, id., Lomond Mn, being synon. with Benlomond. 

BIND, Buroa, 4. 1. Dimension, siie ; especially with 
respect to circumference. A barrel of a certain bindf 
is one of certain dimensions, 8. ; hence Barrd bind. 
Acta Ja. III. 2. It is used more generally to denote 
else in any sense. Attt Mary. 8. Metaph. to denote 
ability. ** Aboon my Mnd," beycmd my power. This 
li often applied to pecuniaiy ability, 8. This use of 
the word is oTidentiy bonowed from the idea of 
binding a Tessel with hoops. 4. Used in reference 
to morals. A . Seottt Poeme. 

BIND-POOK,«. A niggard. Kdly. 

BINDLE, f. The cord or rope that binds anything, 
whether made of hemp or of straw, 8.— Su. G. bindd 
a headband, a flllet» from Mntf-iU, to bind. Teut 
binddf Ugamen. 

BLVDWBBD, t. Bogwort, 8. W<Uon*e Sei^frewe. 
Y. BnHWKsa. 

BINDWOOD, f . The vulgar name for Ivy, 8 ; Eedera 
helix, Linn. ; pron. MmoHd.— Denominated, perhapai 
ttom the strong hold that it takes of a wsJl, a tockf 
trees, Ac., q. the bindina ioood. It is probably the 
same which is written fteiMQood. Statiet. Aee. In 
Sutholand and its Ticinity those who are afraid of 
having their cows bewitched, and the milk taken 
f^om them, twist a collar of ivy and put it round the 
neck of eadi of their cows. 

BING, s. 1. A heap in generaL Ljfndtof, 2. A heap 
of grain, 8. Bouglae. 8. A pile of wood; Im- 
mediately designed as a foneral pile. Douolae. 4. 
** A temponury enclosure or reporitoiy made of boards, 
twigs, oar straw ropes, for containing grain or soch 
like "; GL Sibb., where it is also written &Amm.— Dan. 
binfft 8w. Hntfe, Isl. bing-^t cumulus. 

To BING, V. a. 1. To put into a heap. 2. Denoting 
the accumulati<m of money. 2Virra«'« Poeme. 

To BTNGB, V. n. To cringe. Y. Bxraoa. 

To BINK, V. a. To press down, so as to deptlre any- 
thing of its proper shape. It is prindpally used as 
to shoes, when, by careless wearing, they are allowed 
to fldl down in the heels; 8.— O. Tent, fton^ften, 
premere, in angustnm cogere. 8w. bank-Of to beat, 
seems allied; q. to beat down. Or it may be a 
flrequentatire from A. 8. 6ei»dk»», to bend. 

To BINK, «. A. To bend ; to l>ow down ; to curt^ ; 
leaning forward in an awkward manner, Loth. 

BINK, «. The act of bending down. A horse is said 
to give a bihk, when he makes a fUse step in conse- 
quence of the bending of one of the Joints. To play 
bink, to yield, Lotii. 

BINK, e. 1. A bench, a seat ; 8. B. JPrieeU ofPMie. 
2. A wooden fhune, fixed to the wall of a house, 
for holding plates, bowls, qKwns, Ac., Aug. It is 
also called a PUU^rack ; 8. The Anti^pnary. ColvH. 
8. The long seat beside the fire in a countiy house. 
Tarroafe Poeme. Probably an oblique sense of the 
same term which signifies a bench. Y. Bihk. 

BINK-SIDB, e. The side of the long seat beside the 
fire. Teamufe Poeme. 

BINK, t. A hlTo. A .Bes-MnJb, a nest or hire of bees; 
a WoMpbinkf a hive of wasps. Loth. Boxb. Perhaps 
a corr. of bike, id. though Kilian gives bi^^bamcke as 
old Teut. signifying apiarium. 

BINK, e. 1. A bank, an acclivity, 8. B. Evergreen, 
2. Bink qfa jpeo^flUMs, the perpendicular part of a 
peat-moss, from which the labourer, who stands op- 
posite to It, cuts his peats. Stat. .4oe.— Wachter 
observes that Genu, bank, Su. G. baenk, denote any 
kind of eminence. Y. Baxx. 

BINKDB, <uO'- Gaudy ; trimly dressed, Tweedd. Per- 
haps a corr. of syn. term BinMe, q. v. 

BINN (ofeheavee). All the reapers on a hanrest-fleld. 
If not from boon, perhaps from 0. B. bydhin, tunna, 
a tnx^ a company. 

BINNA, V. euM. with the negative affixed. Be not, 
for be na. 

BINNA, BixviJi, prep. Except, save, but ; as, " The 
UAk are a' cum, binnae twa-tiiree," Lanaxks. An 
elliptical term for "if it 6e not,'* or te it not. Be no, 
8. Y.Oahxa. 

BINNB, e. A temponiy endosure for preserving grain. 
South of 8. — A. 8. binne, praesepe. Y, Buro, sense 3. 

To BINNER, «. n. 1. To move with velodty, and with 
a humming sound. A whed is said to binner when 
driven round with rapidity and emitting a humming 
sound, Aberd. Meams. Fife. Lanaiks. Syn. Bicker, 
BiH. 2. To run, or gallop, conjoining the ideas of 




qnldcBMB tnd cwelessneni Aberd. Meanis.— Pro> 
bably from 0. B. buanawr, swift) fleet ; tuamred, 
mpid ; from ftuan, td. 

BINNEB^ Bixxnia, «. A Mckering noiae,' 8. B. 
Ckrtttmoi Ba'inff. At OU Mfmer, boiling briskly. 

BINWSED. y. BoinrxoB. 

BTOUS, a^. Sxtraordiiuury. Bjfom weather, re> 
nuukable weather, Olydea. Loth. Aberd. V. Bias. 

BTOUS, adv, Veiy ; la a gnat degree. Sy^ut hungrjft 
rexy hnngiy, ibid. 

BTOUBLIB, adw, Xxtnordinarily ; anooinma&ly, 
liOth. Glydes. 

BTOUTOUR, Boorm, «. A gonna&diier ; a gtuttoii, 
Benfirew. Bcotjfertf Stixlings. Perhaps a metaidi. 
use of JBoytour, the 8. name of the bittern, Item its 
supposed TOiBcitf . 

BYPASSING, s; Upse. Am Jo. VL 

BTPA8T, o^;. Past; reckoned by Ih. Tohsson *'a 
teim of the Scotch dialect" 

BTPTIOIT, part, go. Dipped or djed. SofdaU,— 
Lat baptiMo, 

BIB, Biaa, ». force. I find that Isl. ftyr, expl, yentos 
ferens, is deduced from ftero, ferre ; 01. Bdd. Saem. 
Perhaps Mr is derired rather from Isl. fioett life, 
rigour, to whicA viTf virr, the term denoting force 
Aberd. seems to hare affinity. Y. Baim. 

Bnu>, BaiBD, Bain, Buba, t. 1. A lady, a damsel. 
Oawm <Md €M, — ^As briddt is the word used by 
Chancer for bird, it is merely the A. S. term for 
polios, polliflns. Birdt as applied to a damsel, ap- 
pears to be the common term osed in a metaph. sense. 
S. Used, also- metaph., to denote the yoong of 
quadrupeds^ partienlarly of the fox. Y. Tod's Biane. 
Perhaps this definition should rather belong to Bird, 
Burd, offspring. 

BIRD, Bmo^ $. <Mnipxlng. This term seems to be 
generally used in a bad sense ; as, wUA-tnaed^ the 
supposed brood of a witch , vAor^»4mrd, Ac Loth. 
Isl. 5ym2, natiTitas, genus, fsmllia. 

BYRD, w. imp. It behored, it became. Barbour. — 
A. 8. lyreiky pertinet. This imp. t. may hare beoi 
formed trom ftyr-aH, ber-iui, to cany, or may be 
Tiewed as nearly allied to it. Hence biretii, ges- 
tarit ; Genu, berd^ ffe-tacrd, id., tick berdremf gestum 
fiMere. Su. G. doersi) debere, pret terd^ anciently 

BIRD An JOB. A phrase used to denote intbnaey or 
fluniliarity. Sitting bird amdjoe^ sitting cheek by 
Jowl, Uke Daiby and Joan, 8. 

BIRDIB, 9. A dlminutlTe ftom E. Btrd, 8. 

BIRD-MOUTH'D, a^j. Mealy-mouth'd, 8. JKcmasy. 

•BIRDS, s. jpL *«A' the birds in the alr/> a pUy 
among children, 8. 

BIRD'S-NEST, «. Wild carrot. Daucus carrota, Linn. 

BIRDING, t. Burden; load, /tovaloi-— A. 8. (sfriKeii ; 
Dan. hfrdtf id. Y. Bisth, Bteth. 

BTRB,t. Cowhouse, 8. Hyer, id. Cnmb. tikimmand 
GoL — Perhaps allied to Frano. dwer, a cottage ; 6yre, 
Su. G. 6yr, a Tillage ; Germ, bower, habitaculum, 
cayea; ftom Su. G. 6«, ta-o, to dwell. Or from Isl. bM, 
a cow ; Gael, to, id.— Rather ficom O. Tr. towveris, a 
stall for oxen, from bcei^ an ox. 

BTRBHAN, s. A man-oeirant who deans the byrt or 
cowhouse on a ISsrm, Berwicks. 

BIRGXT THREAD, Boon THasBO. Perhaps Anver 
thread. Boles. 

BIRK, t. Birch, a tree, 8. Betula alba, Linn. JkmQ- 
lot.— A. & hire : IsL Harki; Teut. ben*, id. 

BIRKIE,a4|*. Abounding with biicbe% 8. 

BIRK-KNOWS, t. A hmM eorexed witL UrOm, 8 

BIRKIN, BiXEO, odS, Of, or belonging to biixdi, 8. 
JfajTM*! aiUer Gwn, Sawan and <?oI.— A. 8. 
oeorcen, id. 

3b BIRK, «. n. To giro- a tart answer ; to cooyerse in 
a sharp and cutting way, a— A. 8. bins^an, toorvNin, 
to bark, q. of a snariing humour. Hence, 

BIRKIB, adj. 1. Ttot in speech, 8. 2. Llyely ; 
spirited; mettlesome, ifalt. 

BIRKY, «. 1. A lively young fellow ; a person of 
mettle, 8. Foemt Budum Biol. 2. Amid BirkiCt 
"Inconvenation, analogous to old Boy,'* Gl. Shir. 
IbMiMy.— Allied perhaps, to Id. berk-ia, Jactare, to 
boast ; or biarg^ opitulazi, q, one able to giyeassis- 

BIRKIB, BiUT, «. A trifling game at cards, at which 
only two play, throwing down a card alternately ; he 
who follows suit wins the trick, if he seises the heap 
before his opponent can coyer his card with one of 
his own. ILBegffar-mjf-neighbcur^ From Isl. bn*-ia, 
to boast 

To BIRL, Bulb, v. a. 1. This word primarily signifles 
the act of pouring out, or fumisliing drink for guests, 
or of parting it among them. Boualm. 9. To ply 
with drink. Minai. Border. 8. To drink plentifully, 
8. BtrngUu. 4. To dub money for the pwpose 
of procuring drink. *< PU birU my bawbie," I will 
contribute my share of the expense, 8. Bamuay.^ 
Ih M. ifr isiused in the flrat sense ; byrl-o, infun- 
dere, miscere potem. In A. 8. it eoeurs in sense 
third, birl-ian, biva-4am, haurire. Hence dyrle, a 
butter. Isl. byrCoiv id. BirU, •. E. has the seme 

To BIRL, r. «. To drink In sodety, 8; Old Morttdity. 

To BIRL, V. n. 1. To " make a noise like a cart driv- 
ing oyer stones, or mill-stones at work." It denotes 
a constant drilling snund, 8. J^itpuUar BaU. 2. 
Vsed improperiy, to denote quick motion in walking, 
hoth. 8. Sometimes it denotes yelodty of motion in 
whatever way. David»oH*t Seasons. «. To toss up. 
Loth. Boxb.— J9<rl seems to be a dlmln. trom the v. 
Birr, used in the same sense, formed by means of 
the letter 1, a common note- of diminution. Dr. 
Jbhnsoo has observed, that " If there be an I, as in 
jingte, tfnale, UnkU, Ac., there is implied a frequency, 
or itenitoa of small acts ; Grsmmar ji. T. We may 
add, that this termination is frequentty used In words 
which denote a sharp or tinging sound ; as E. wAirl, 
dria ; 8, tiH, Airl, dirt. 

BIRLAW-COURT, also Biblbt-Cottbt. Y. Bublaw. 

BIRLEY-OATS, Bour-OAts, a jrf. A species of 
oats, 8. StatiH. Aoc—lt seems to have received Its 
name frt»k its supposed membUnee to barley. 

BIRLIE, «. Atoafofbread,8.B. 

BTRTiTK-MAN, «. One who assenes damages ; a parish 
arbiter ; a referee. South of 8. Loth. Bxpl. in Gl. 
Antiquary ; " the petty officer of a burgh of barony. ** 

BIRUN, Sb A long-oared boat of the largest dae, often 
with six, sometimes with eight oars ; generally used 
by the <^eftalns in the Western Islea It seldom 
had saUs^ JTorltw's St. XOda.— Probably of Scandi- 
navian origin, as Sw. borr is a kind of ship ; andber- 
limg, a boat-staff; Seren. I am informed, howew, 
that in Gad. the word is written bkuirlin. 

BIRUN, «. A small cake, made of oatmeal or bariey- 
l^eal ; syn. Tod, Bttr. For. Tweedd.— GaeL bua^ii, 
signifles a loaf; and bairgkean, a cake. 

SIBLING, s. A drilling ndse, 8. 




SIBLING, «. A drinking match, in which, generally, 
the dxink is dubbed bj the oompanj. Bridto/Lam- 

BIRN, «. The high part of a fhrm where the yonng aheep 
are tmmmtrtd ; or diy, heathj pasture, leeerred for 
the lambB after they "haTe been weaned, Bozb. Loth. 
— O. B. bryw, a hill ; Bu. O. 5nm, vertex montie ; 
lal. bryn and (nm, a height in a general aenie. 

To BIBN LamUm. To put them on a poor dry paetore. 
AffT' Surv. Peeb, 

BIRNT, a4j. 1. Oorered with the scotched stems of 
heath that has been sst on fire, 8. 2. HaTing a 
rough or stunted stem ; applied to plants, i, e. like 
the stems of burnt heath, fnr»^ kc, Loth. Y. 

BIRN, «. The matrix, or rather the lahiapudmda of 
a cow.— Allied, perhaps^ to Isl. brund^uTt pecudum 
coeundi actus, et appetttus Inire ; G. Andr. 0. B. 
5ry, matrix, Tulva. 

To BIRN, V. a. To bum. T. Ban. 

BIRN, BiBvi, i. 1. A burnt mark, 8. Adt Cha. II. 
2. A mark burnt on the noses of sheep, S. 8. Skin 
and BirUi a common phrase, denoting the whole of 
anything, or of any number of persons or things, 8. ; 
from A. 8. ftym, burning. Adt Mcary. 

BIRN, c. A burden, 8. B. Bott. To git ona^s Mrn a 
hiukf to assist him in a strait,. 8. B. Poenu ihidkan 
Dial. — An abbrsTiation of A. 8. ftyrOai, burden ; 
if not firam 0. B. frieni, ennS) tnym^ onersre. 

BIRNIB, Bnunc. t. Acor8let;abi1gandine. DouoUu. 
A. 8. 6ym, byma ; IsL &ryn» hrjfnia ; Sw. brinoa, 
thorax, loiica, munimentum pectoris ; probably from 
lal. britHfOt pectus. 

BIRNS, a. pi. Roots; the stronger stems of burnt 
heath, which remain after the smaller twigs are con- 
sumed, 8. jPomyeuiX:.— A. 8. bjfm, incendium. 

BIRR, a. Worct. Y. Ban. 

2b BIRR, V. n. 1. To soake a whining nolae, espedally 
in motion ; the aame with Mrl, 8. Douglos. It ia 
often uaed to denote the aound made by a aplnning- 
wheel. Tke JBntaU. 2. To be in a atate of oonfuaion, 
8. B. It aeema to algniiy the conf uaion in the head 
cauaed by Tiolent exerciae. Skinner. Y. Biia, 8. 

BIRR, BiBL, «. The whining aound of a spinning- 
wheel, or of any other machine, in rapid gyration. 
Gl. Sitrv. Nairn. 

BIRRING, t. The ndae made by partridgea when they 
apiing, 8. 

BIBS, Bnas, a. The gad-fly, Bozb.— B. ftreese, brise ; 
Ital. brittio ; A. 8. brimta. 

BIRS, Biisa, Brass, Bibssis, t. 1. Abriatle ; ''aaow'a 
Mrte," the briatle of a aow, 8. Evergreen, 2. He- 
taph. for the beard. Kntm. 8. Metaph. for the 
indication of rsge or displeaaure. " To aet up one'a 
Mrse," to put one in a rsge. The bine is also said to 
riie, when one*a temper beoomea warm, in alluaion to 
animals fenced with bristles, that defend themaelTea, 
or ezpreaa their rsge in this way, 8. Cfowree of Con- 
formiHe.—k. 8. byrtt ; Germ, bcnt^ bwrtt ; Bu. G. 
borat, id. Ihre deriyes it firom bwr^ a thiatie. Bw. 
•oetMa «|p Sorsten, to put one in a rage ; boreta Hg, 
to give one's self airs, B. to briatle np. Hence the 
origin of E. bruA ; for 8w. bont, is a brush, boreta, 
to bruab, tnm. bmrttt seta ; • brush being made ef 

BIBSALL^ s. A dye stuff. Perhaps for BrauU, or 
Fernando bodkwood. Jiberd. Beg. 

To VSX8M, Boss, Baisi^ •. a. 1. To braise^ & 

Waipm. Paliee ef Honour. Briee is common in 
O. B. 2. To push or drire ; to birte in^ to push in, 8. 
Skirrefi. 8. To presa^ to aqueeae. To birte up. — 
A. 8. brft-^m; Belg. bryt-en; Ir. bri$-4m; Fr. 
brit-erf id. 

BIR8ST, ad^. 1. HaTing briatles ; rough, 8. Douglat. 
2. Hot-tempered; easily irritated, 8. 3. Keen; 
sharp ; applied to the weather. " A binty day," a 
cold, bleak day, 8. B. 4. Metaph. uaed in regard to 
serere censure or criticism. 

BIBSB, Baiu, f. 1. A brutae, 8. OiOi. 8. The act 
of pressing ; the pressure made by a crowd ; as, " We 
had an awfto' biree," 8. 

To BIRSLE, BiBSTUi, Bbissls, v. cl 1. To bum 
slightly ; to broil ; to parch by means of fire ; as, to 
birde peat, 8. Douglas. 2. To scorch ; referring to 
the heat of the sun, 8. Douglat. 8. To warm at a 
lirely fire, 8. A. Bor. ftmale, id. To dry ; as, '* The 
sun Anialea the hay,** i,e. dries it.— 8u. G. brata, a 
llTely fire ; whence IsL bryt, ardent heat, and brytt-a, 
to act wiUi fervour, ee breitke, torreo, adnro ; A. 8. 
bratU, glowing, bratUiat^ to burn, to make a crack- 
ling noise. 

BIBSLB, BaiasLB, t. 1. A hasty toasting or scorching, 
8. Apparently that which is toasted. 

BIBST, a. Brunt To dree or ttand the birtt ; to bear 
the brunti Boxb.— From A. 8. byrtt, bertt, malum, 
damnum, q. sustain the loas ; or byrtt, aeuleum. 

To BIBST, 9. M. To weep convulsiTely ; to birtt and 
greet, Aberd. This appears to be a prorlncial pro- 
nunciation of B. burtt ; as, " She burd into tears." 

* BIBTH, t. An establishment : an office ; a situation, 
good or bad, 8. Ol. Surv. Nairn. 

BIBTH, Btbtb, a. Sixe; bulk; burden. DougUu. 
Y. BUBDIKO.— lal. ftyrd, biprthrwr, byrth-i ; Dan. 
byrde ; Bu. G. boerd, buiden ; whence byrding, nayia 
onersria. The origin is Isl. ber-a ; Bu. G. baer-a ; 
A. 8. tarsm, bfr-an, portsre. 

BIBTH, t. A current in the sea, caused by a ftirious 
tide, but taking a dUTerent course from it, Orkn. 
OaiUin. SUiL Ace. — lal. byrdria, cnrrere, festinare, 
Yerel. ; apparently slgniiying a strong current 

BIBTHDB, euHf. Productive ; prolific ; from B. birth, 
Lavft MemoriaUt. 

BYBUN, BiBuv, part, pa. Past; *'Byrun rent" 
Aberd. Beg. 

BT-BUNIS, BTBunna, «. pt Arrears. ^Ogene. This 
is fomed like Bt-oahbs, q. r. 

BTBUNNING, part, pr. Waved. Z^nvlof.— Hoes. 
G. birinn-an, percurrere. 

BTBSNFU*, adj. Disgusting, Bozb.— Isl. bytn, a pro- 
digy. Y. BrssM. 

BTBENLESS, t. Extremely worthless ; without shame 
in wickedness ; without parallel.— A. & byten, bytn, 

BTSXT, a. A substitute, Ayrs. q. what leti one by. 
Y. Bbt by, V. 

BISHOP, t. 1. A peevish, ill-natured boy; as, "A 
canker'd MakoPt" I^uiarks. This seems to have ori- 
ginated among the common people in the West, from 
the ideas they entertained of the Episcopal deigy 
during the period of the persecution. 2. A rammer, 
or weighty piece of wood used by paviors to level 
th^ work, Aberd. 

BIBHOPBT, a. Bpisoopaey ; government by diocesan 
bishops. Apcioget. Bdation.—A, 8. biteqprice, 

BI8H0P8 FOOT. It is said, The Bitkop't foot ha» 
been in tke broth, when they are singed, 8. Tyndalt 




ThU phnae Menu to taare bad Iti oclgiii In tiniM of 
Popexy, when the clergy had such extensire I nfl nence, 
that haxdlj anything ooidd be done without their 
interference. A dmiUr phraae is med A. Bar. "Tk€ 
BiAapkatia hit foot m it,** i mying in the North, 
need for milk that is bomfc-to in boiling. 

BT-SHOT, t. One who is set aside for an old maid, 
Buchan. Tarra*t Poeau. 

BTSTNT, a4f, Monstioos. WftUown, ▼. BuMiao, 

BI8KBT, t. Breast. ▼. Bkhkit. 

BlSlf, Brsnca, Bisn, Bum, t. Abyss ; gulf. 
Ihuglat. Vr. ahytme ; Or. atvaeroQ, 

BISMABX, Btsmbr, t . A steelyaid, or instrument for 
weighing resembling it ; sometimes hiaimar, 8. B. 
Orikn. Barry. Y. PuxDioa.— IsL MiskiH, hetmar, 
libra, trutina minor ; Leg. West Goth. Mmore ; Bo. 
O. heamem; Teat. te>eemer, Id. stater; Kilian. G. 
Andr. derires this word from Isi. ter, a part of a 
pomid weight. 

BISUABB, Bunaa, t. 1. A bawd. 2. A lewd woman, 
in general. DcuoUu. — " V. ab A. 8. biimer, oonta- 
melia, ant diMierian, tUodere, dehonorare, pollaere," 

BISMEB, «. The name given to a species of stickle- 
back, Orkn. Barry. 

BI8MING, Btummo, Brunxo, BrBOiiro, Bnrvr, 
adj. Horrible ; monstrous. DoiHfUu. V. Btsstm. 

BI80N, t. The wild oz, anciently oommon In 8. 

BT8PBL, BTBPALa, «. A person or thing of rare or 
wondeif ol qnalities ; frequently used ironically ; as, 
" He's Just a byipel," he is an uncommon charscter, 
Boxb. Tout (y-«pet ; Germ, beytpid, an example, 
a pattern, a model.— A. 8. bi^peU, higtpeU, an 
example, Ac. ; also, a byword, a proTerb ; fhm M, 
hifff de, of; conoeming, and ^pel, a stoiy, a speech, 

BT8PEL, adv. Tery, extraordinarily. By^ wed, 
Tery well, exceedingly well, Boxb. 

BT-SPXL, i. An illegitimate child, Boxb. North of 
B. id. Low I. bye-Uow. 

BTSPRENT, part. pa. Besprinkled ; overspread. 
JkmoUu. Belg. betprtnohrtn, to qprlnkle. 

BI8SARTB, Busmi, t. A bussard ; a kind of hawk. 
Actt Ja. //.—Germ. btiMert ; Pr. biusar^, id. 

To BY88B, Bus, v. n. To make a liisdng noise, as hot 
iron plunged into water, 8. Doiitfku.^Belg. Mei-en, 
to hiss like serpents. 

BI88E, Biu, s. 1. A hissing noise, 8. 2. A bun ; 
a bustle. Ferguwn. 

BIS8ET, ». Apparently plate of gold, silver, or copper, 
with which some stuffs were striped. Ckalmenft 
Mary. Pr. Mwte, ftiMtte, Id. 

BYSSYM, Btbtv, Bisirif, Brsv, Bibsomb, Bussom, 
Btsximo, «. 1. A monster. Haviate. 3. A prodigy ; 
something portentous of calamity. Kwt». 8. Bytim 
is stiU used as a term highly expressive of contempt 
for a woman of an unworthy charscter, 8. Y. Buxuro. 
— Mr. Macpherson, vo. Byayni, mentions A. 8. Jryt- 
mor/W, horrendus. lal. bywmarfM has the same 
sense ; 6y«na, to portend ; tiytn, a prodigy, grande 
quod ac ingens, G. Andr. 

BISTATD, BuTODB, pret. Perhaps, surrounded. Sir 
Tristrem.—k, 8. hettod, clrcumdedit, from batandran; 
Teut. betteen, drcumaiBtere, circumdare. 

BISTER, s. Xxpl. "a town of land in Orkney; as, 
Hobbiiter, Le. a town or district of high land ; Svkm- 
bitttr, corr. SwambiUer, supposed to signify the town 

orSweaoL* "A eoiuldenble number [of naaies of 
places in Orkney and Shetland] end In Iter and MMer ; 
as, AoorMfar, JTMNiMWer, Ac. It is probable, how- 
ever, that the names at present supposed to end in 
sicr, are abbreviations fhmistfer. Both imply settle- 
ment or dwelling.'* Edmonttom^$ ZefL IsL §dur, 
sedes, a seat ; so bitter, tnm M, pegus, and eeter ; 
i.e. " the seat of a village." 

BTSTOUB, BoTBfnTma, s. A term of contempt, the 
precise meaning of which seems to be lost. Polwart. 
Sevend similar terms occur, as Pr. bittorit, crooked, 
boitter, to limp; (uatariii, a great lubber. 

BIT, «. A vulgar term used for food, 8. Bit aiyi baid, 
meat and clothing, 8. B. Bm. , Althoi«h baid be 
understood of clothing, I suspect that it, as well as 
Me, originally signified food, firom A. 8. bead, ataUe. 

BTT, t. A blow or stroke, Aberd. Bsnff. jDoiialos.- 
A. & biyt, morstts, metaph. used. 

* BIT, «. 1. Denoting a place, or partleulax ^ot ; as, 
" He csnna stan' ina M," he is continually changing 
his situation. 0i»y Jfoimeriiv. 3. AppUed to time ; 
*« Stay a loee bO** tHaj a short whUe. Blade Dwarf. 
Z. The nick of time ; the crisis, 8. O. " In the 6a o' 
time.** Burnt. 4. Often used in ooojunction with a 
substsntive instead of a diminutive ; as, a frtt bairn, 
a littfe child, 8. Antiquary. 6. Used as a diminu- 
tive expressive of contempt. *' To greet mor« for the 
drowning of a M calf or stirk, than ever ye did for all 
the tyranny and defections of Scodand."— IFoOer't 

BITTIB, t. A little bit, 8. B. Pynon. with hittodt, 
8. A. Pron. buttie or bottie, Aberd.— Dan. Intte, 
pauxlllus, pauxilluIuB. 

BIT AMD BRAT. Y. Beat^ f . 

BIT ABD BUPPBT WI'T. One's sustenance accom- 
panied with severe or unhandsome ussge. 8. Pnn. ^ 

BITB, ff. 1. A mouthful of food, the same with X. 60, ^ 
8. 3. A very small portion of edible food ; what is 
barely necessaiy for sustenance, 8. Old Mortality. 
8. A small portion, used in a general sense. In this 
sense, bOe in 8. is stiU used for 6« in B. 

BITS ABD SOUP. Meat and drink ; the mere neces- 
saries of life, 8. • Heart iifMidrLotk. 

BTTESCHEZP, t. A contemptuous term, meant as a 
play on the titte of Bidtop. Bite, or devour the 
theep. 8empU. 

BITTILL^ BiTTLB, f. A beetle ; a heavy mallet, espe- 
cially one used for beating clothes. MoulUe, The 

To BITTLB, BmiL, v. a. To beat with abeetle ; as, 
to6ime lintt to beat flax. Loth. 

BITTLIN, t. The battlements of any old building. 
Ayr s., q. battdling. 

BITTBIX8, t. pi. Buttresses. Aberd. Beg. 

BITTOOK, t. 1. A little bit, 8. Glenfergut. 2. A small 
portion, applied to space ; as, " A mUe and a 6ittocfc." 
Ouy Mannering. Y. the letter K. 

To BTWAUX, «. a. To cover ; to hide ; to cloak. 
Doug lat.—A. 8. bewatf-an ; Moes. G. 6t«0CM;6-jan, id. 

BTWXNT, part adj. Past, in reference to time; 
synon. Bygone. Bdlenden.—Td.tnet. G. bi, postea; 
A. 8. wendan. Ire. 

BIZZ, t. To take the Umm ; applied to catUe when, 
from being stung with the gadfly, they run madly 

To BIZZ, «. n. To hiss. Y. BrasB. 

To VIZI, Bisx a6oirf, v. n. To be In constant motion , 
to busae, 8. Su. G. 6et-a, a term applied to beasts 
which, when beset with wasps, drive hither and 






(hither; Tent, hiet-en, ftyi-eMi ftamts ae Tlol«nto 
impeta ■sitaii, KUum. 

BIZZSI^ t. A hoop or ring roond tfao end of any tabe, 
Rozb. This is merel7 a peculiar oae of B.te«e<,5esa, 
thAt part of a ring in which tfie stone is fixed. 

BIZZY, a4f. Busy, S.— A. 8 bytia ; Belg. be$ig, id. ; 
or 8a. O. tefo, which denotes the Tiolent motion of 
ui animal harassed by the gadfly. Y. Bnr. 

BLA, Blab, o^;'. 1. Livid; a term frequently used to 
denote the appearance of the skin when discoloured 
by a seyere stroke or contusion, 8. JDougUu. 2. 
Bleak, lurid, applied to the appearance of the atmos- 
phere. A bla»daft a day when the sky looks hard 
and lurid, especially when accompanied with a thin, 
cold wind that produces shiTerlng.— So. Q. Nao, Isl 
6t4»-r, Germ. Maw, Belg. Mokip, Vrano. plauut 
liTidus, ^ucus. 

To FLAAB, V. a. To sully ; to dirty ; to spoil ; as, 
" the biaadin & the sheets," Aberd. Perhaps the 
same with Blad, v. sense 2. 

BLAAD. t. A stroke, Galloway. Y. Blaud. 

BLAB, «. A small globe or bubble, Lanarfcs Y. Blob. 

To BLABBEB, BI.ABBE, Blbbbb, v. It. To babble, to 
speak indifttincUy. E. ^ruoe.— Teuft. NaUer-cM, 
confuse et inepte garrire, Jun. to Blab. Hence^ 

BLABEHING, «. Babbling. DougUu. 

BLABBB, «. A kind of oloth imported from France. 
Keith g HiU. Perhaps firom Vr. Uofardf Uaffwrd, 
pale, bleak in colour. 

BLACK. To puta thing in black and white. To write it. 

BLACK, «. A Tulgar term for a scoundrel ; a Macfc 
guards 8. CvUoden Pap. 

BLACK-AIRN, «. Malleable iron ; In contradistinction 
to that which is tinned, called fFAtte-aina, 8. 

BLACKAYICBD, a4i. Dark of the complexion, 8w 
from ftktcfc, ai>d Vr. vis, the Tisage. Sanuay. 

BLACKBELICKIT. Used as a «. and equivalent to S. 
nothing ; as, " What did ye see r Bkukbeiiekit, i. e. 
'* I saw nothing at all," Lanarks. In other parts of 
8. DefU is substituted for Blackt the meaning being 
the same. 

BLACK BITCH, t. A bag clandestinely attached to a 
hole in the mill-spout, that part of the meal may be 
abstracted as it runs down into the trough, South 
of 8. 

BLACK-BOYBS, «. pi. The name glyen to the firult of 
the bramble. West of 8. 

BLACK-BOOK, a. A name given to ttie histories 
written by the monks in their different monasteries. 
Perhaps so denominated I>ecau8e they were written 
with black ink, in conlmdistinction to the Atfrrics, 
wh'eh were written with red Ink. 

BLACK-BURNING, a4j. Used in reference to shame, 
when it is so great as to produce deep blushing, or to 
crimson the countenance, 8. Bamsay. — Su. G. Isl. 
blyod. shame, blushing ; blygd-a, to blush ; q. the 
burning of blushes. 

BLACK-COCK, i. The Heath-cock, black Game, 8. 
Tetnu) tetrix, Linn. Y. Penn. Zool. p. 266. Tetrao 
sen Urogallus minor. — Gall^spalustris8cotica^ Gesn. 
Nostratibus, the Black cock. 8ibb. Scot p. 16. Y. 

BLACR-COCK. To maJce a Blade-code of one ; to 
shoot one, 8. ; as in B. to bring down one's bird. 

BLACK COW. Y. Black Ox. 

BLACK CRAP, $. 1. A crop of peas or beans, 8. 2. 
A name ynven to those crops which are always green, 
lueh as turnips, potatoea Ac, Mid-Loth. 

BLACK DOG, " Like butter in the bkuk dog^i hause," 

a proT. used to denote that a thing is ineooverably 

gone. Antiquary. 
BLACK-PASTING, a4g. Applied to one who has been 

long without any kind of food. St. Bonan. 
BLACK PI8H, fish when they have recently spawned. 

Y. Rbid-Visobb. 
BLACK-PI8HBR, «. One who fishes illegally at night 


BLACK-PI8HING, t. Pishing for salmon, under 
night, by means of toiches, 8. So termed, perhaps, 
because the fish are Blade, or foul, when they come 
np the streams to deposit their spawn in the gravelly 
shallows, and are there speared by the Blaok-fidier. 
iSlot. Aeamnt. Y. Lbutbe. 

BLACK-POOT, «. A sort of match-maker ; one who 
goes between a lover and his mistress, endeavouring 
to bring the fUr one to compliance, 8. pronounced 
bladt'JU ; synon. MuA, q. v. Saxon and Qom. 

BLACK-PBOST. Proet without rime or snow lying on 
the ground, as opposed to whito /roit, equivalent to 
X. hoarfrott. 

BLACK-HXAD, «. The Powit-gull, Sheti. JYeOI. 

BLACK-HUDIB, t. The ooal-head, a bird, Roxb. 
Blade bannet, syn. Glydes. 

BLACKTMORB, t. A negro ; the Tulgar pron. of O. 
B. bladtamare. 

BLACKLBG, t. A disease in cattle ; the same as Blade 
Spaulf q. T. Bttr. Por. 

BLACK-LBG, f. A matchmaker. Bjn. Bkuk-fooL 
Ettr. Por. 

BLACKIJB, a^. Dl-coloured; having a diity ap- 
pearanoe ; applied to clothes that are ill-washed, or 
that have been soiled in the drying, Aug. — ^Prom A. 
8. blae. blaee, and lig, similia, q. having the likeness 
of what is bhMk. 


BLACK MILL. A corn-mill of the andent construc- 
tion, with one wheel only, which lies horisontally 
under the mill-stone, Argyles. 

BLAC MONE, Black Moxbt. The designation given 
to the early copper currency of 8. in the reign of 
James HL AcUJa.IU. 

BLACK-NEB, r. One viewed as disaffected to govern- 
ment, 8. Antiquary. 

BLACK-NEBBED, Black-Nbbbit, adj. 1. Harlng a 
black bill. 2. Applied to those who are viewed as 
inimical to the existing government. 

BLACK OX. The blade ox is said to tramp on one who 
has lost a near relation by death, or met with some 
severe calamity. Antiquary. 

BLACK PUDDING. A pudding made of blood, suet, 
onions, pepper, and a little oatmeal, endosed in one 
of the intestines of a cow, or ox, killed as a Mart. 

BLACK-QUARTER, t. A disease of cattle. Y. Blaok 

BLACK 8AXPENCE, «. The Devil's sixpence ; sup- 
posed to be received as a pledge of engagement to be 
his, soul and body. Though of a black colour, and 
not of legal currency, the person who keeps it con- 
stantly in his pocket, however much he may spend, 
will always find a good sixpence beside it, Roxb. 

BLACK-SOLE, «. A confident in courtship, Lanarks. 
Syn. with Blade-foot. 

BLACK SPAUL. A disease of cattte, 8. *' The Blatk 
Spout is a species of pleurisy, inddent to young 
cattle, especially calves, which gives a black hue to 
the flesh of the side affected. It is indicated by 
lameness in the fore foot^ and the common remedy is 





Immfrtiatu bleeding." PHat Aeoyt, Higkl. Soe, S, 
BLAOK-BTANB, BLioBRon, c. 1. The deiignation 
glTen to a dAft-cotoored itone, need In Mme of ttie 
Boottldi oniTenltiMi as the eeet on whkh a stodent 
iits at a pobllo examination, meant to test the pro- 
gtets he has made In his stadias. Tikis examination 
is called his Profeuion. " In Klng^s Colic«e, Aber- 
deen, and in Glasgov, the oostom of causing the 
students to sit on the gxare-stone of the founder at 
certain examinations is still Uteially retained.'* 
Bower'M HiH, Untv, 3. TIm tenn has been used 
metaph. to denote the examination itself. MAvWt 


BLACK SUGAB, t. Bpanlsh Uoorfoe, 8. 

BLAOK TANG, «. Focus Tesleulosus, Unn. 

BLAOK ylCTUAL, t. Pulse ; peas and beani^ either 
bf themselres, or mixed as a crop, 8. 

BLAOK WABD, s. A state of senrttude to < servant, 
& M*KeHai^§ Jn$t, 

BLAOK-WATOH, s. The designation giren, firom the 
daik colour of their tartan, to the companies of lojal 
Highlanders, raised after the rebellion in 1716, for 
presenrlng peace in the Highland districts. They 
fonned the nudeiu of what was afterwards embodied 
as the brare 42d Beg^ent fFaeerlqr. 

BLACK WBATHEB, «. Balny weather, SelUiks. 

BLAOK WINTBB, c. The last cait-load of grain 
brought home from the harrest^eld, Dumfir. 

To BLAD, V. II. To walk in a clumsy manner, taking 
long steps, and treading heavily, Dumfr. Lampt 
Loth. Olydes. — Tent fte-loed-en, degravare, onemre. 
--Or, perhaps, to pass over great Modi of the road in 
a short time. 

BLAD, t. 1. A long and heavy step in walking, 
Dnmflr. ; syn. Xasip^ Clydes. 3. A person walking 
with long and heavy stepSi Domfr. ; ^yn. a XoaifMr, 

BLAD, Blaud, t. A laige pleee of anything, a con- 
siderable portion, 8. expl. *' a flat piece of anything," 
Gl. Buma Folwart. '* A Had at bread," Is a large 
flat piece. *' I gat a 0rea< blod of yirgU by heart ,-" 
I committed to memory a great many Terses from 

To Dnro ix BLins. To drire or break in piecea Jfat- 
vdVt MS.—Thia word, as perhaps originally apidled 
to food, may be fhxn A. 8. ftloed, ftmlt of any kind ; 
Moed, Ned, also denoted .poC-Ao^; Ir.MocO^ a part ; 
NaA-aaft, I break. 

Blum ixd Dawds, is etui the designation giren to 
large leaTcs of greens boiled whole, in a sort of broth, 
Aberd. Loth. 

BLAD, ff. A person who Is of a soft constltntico ; 
whose strength is not in proportion to his slie or 
looks ; often applied to a young person, who has be- 
come suddenly tall, but is of a relaxed habit, 8. B. 
—Allied, perhaps to A. 8. Uaed, as denoting, either 
the boughs or leayes of trees, or growing com ; as 
both often shoot out so rapidly as to give the idea of 
weakness ; or, to Germ. Hade, the original sense of 
which i% weak, feeble. 

BLAD, §. A portfolio, 8. B. PCdben.— As the B. word 
is comqp. of Fr. porter^ to carry, and fmUle, a leaf; 
the 8. term has a dmHar origin, being cTidently from 
8a. G. hUtdt A. 8. 6Iaed, folium. 

lb BLAD. 1. Used impers. " Ite Uoddf » on o^ weeT 
the rain is drirlng on ; a phrase that denotes inter- 
mitting showers accompanied with squalls, 8. 3. To 
slap^ to strike ; to driTe by stiiking, or with tiolence. 

8. JkA syncn. J eeiyr e eii. 8. To abuse, to mal- 
treat in whatever way, Aberd. Com is said to be 
UadiU, when orerthrown by wind. 4. To use 
abuslre language, Aberd. 8. A. 6. To ipell; to 
flrtigoe with wet and mire ; Gl. Swrv, JlTolm.— Germ. 
Uodem Is used in the first sense. A 5Ioder<, it 
storms and snows; also, McU-en, to blow. III. 
Uavt-n indeed signifies, to be mored by the wind, 
motari anm ; 0. Fr. pUiiudrer, to bang, to maul. 
BLAD, Blaas, Blauo, t. A severe blow or stroke, 8. 

BLAD, t, A squall ; always indodlng the idea of rain, 
8. AheavyflOlof nin Ucalled '*aftla<lof weett** 
8. B. 

BLADDT, 04f. Inconstant, unsettled ; appUed to the 
weather, ** A Noddy day," is one alternately fair and 

BLAD, f . A dirty spot on the cheek, 8. Perhaps q. 
the effect of a blow. Gael. Nod, however. Is ^ynon. 

BLADABIBft. Perhaps vain glory. i{. Hmce.— Tout. 
Moeter^e, Jactantla, vaniloquentla. 


BLADD1B8KATB, t. ExpL '* An indistinct or indis- 
creet talker," South of 8. Songf Ma^mf Lamder.— 
Periiaps from 8u. G. ftkuUro, to babble, and tkata, a 

To BLADB, V. a. To nip the Model off cdewoct, 8. 

BLADB,*. The leaf of a tree, &— A. 8. Moed, Ned; 
8u. G. IsL Belg. Mod, Germ. MoC, Alem. jilof, id. ; 
perhaps ttie part pa. of A. 8. Meio-on, bUnoan, florere, 
to bud, to burgeon ; Moeieed, q. what is Moiead, or 
shot forth ; Just as Franc MtMrf, Acs, U from My*eii| 

BLAD HABT. Nothing ; not a vtkU.—" Slad had did 
she say," she said nothing. Somewhat equivalent to 
Fient haet, i.e. fient a whit: so Blad had, bang the 
haet, confound the bit I Y . Hait, Hatx, and Blad, v. 

BLADIB, Blaudib, a^. Applied to plante baring a 
number of large broad leaves growing out from the 
main stem, and not on branches ; as, " bUntdU kail," 
MotKUe beans, Ac., 8. Y. Blad, Blaud, t. 

BLADOCH, Blxdoch, Bladda, *. Buttermilk, 8. B. 
BofMiodnie Poem«.— Ir. Modh-odb, GaeL MoA-oc^ 
id. 0. B. Mitik, milk in general. 

BLADBT, «. Bxpl. " trumpery." Kdl^f.—lt may be 
either the same with Bladarit, or Blaidrg^ q.v. 

BLADBOGK, «. A talkattTo, silly fellow, Dumfr. Y. 
Blxthsx, v. 

VLAJ^aij. Livid. Y. Bla. 

To lAiOiK Blab. To look blank ; having the appearance 
of disappointment. Hence a Moe/ooe, 8. M. Bruee, 

BLABN18S, 9. lavldness. Upp. Clydea. Y. Bla. 

To BLAB, v.n. 1 To bleat as lambs do ; louder than 
to Mae, Bozb. 8. Used in the language of reprehen- 
sion, in regard to children ; generally, to Moe otid 
ffreet,—WT. bder, algnlfles to bUht, and 0. B. Mow, a 

BLAB, «. A loud bleat. Both. 

BLAB, 9. A kind of blue-coloured day, or soft date, 
found as a substratum, 8. 0. 

BLAB, Blat, 9. The roqgh parte of wood left In con- 
sequenoe of boring or sawing, 8. B. Genu. McJk, thin 
leaTes or plates ; lamina, bracteola, Wachter. Nonr. 
Moee, what Is hacked small in woods. HaUaaer. 

BLAB8,«.jd. lamlniB of indurated clay, 8. XawCisae. 

BLAB-BBBBT, «. The Billberry ; Yaodniam myrtil- 
lus,Liim. J^msoy*— 8w. 6{o-ftocr, vacdnlnm, Beren. 
I l8l.Ma6<r, myrtmi;G. Andr. 




BLAHVN, t. The looM lUkM or laminm of a atooe. 
FMMen, syn. fif«.— Teat. M^T, ptonw. ▼• B«^ 

T^ BLAVLUM, «. a. To bcffoite, 8L Bamtajf. V. 


BLAIDIT, jMrt. pa. AppaMotty the Mine with Blao. 
e., todftpifeoeboM, *o. PUteoUie, 

BLAIDBT, BiaBDR»,«. 1. Nonfleiue ; foolish talk. 
Eamaaf, 8. Bometlmei it would seem equivalent to 
S. JUmmery or lyUoftwft, ae if it denoted unsnbetan- 
tua food. M. Bruo^i Lect, 8. The phlegm that is 
foxoed up in eoughing, etpedally when in a great 
qiMUktity. The Oiieff beadle Tiewed thia as the pri- 
maxy sraie, when he said to an old minister, after 
pieaehing, " Tell be better now, Sir, ye hae gotten a 
hantleUettHeaff your stammoek the day." i.Smpty 
puade ; or periupe Tain oommendation, nnmeiited 
applause. Y. Bladet, and Blithbb, ▼. 

BLAIDfi, «. pi. A dlaeaae. WaUan't Cbtf.— A. B. 
ftloedr, Bu. G. Moedoi, and Qexm. blaUrt denote a 
pimple, or swelling with many reddiah pimples that 
eat and spread. A. B. bUaeth, lepro^. 

BLAIN, ff. A mart left by a wound, the disoolonxing 
of the ddn after a sore, 8. BtUherford.—A. 8. 
bUaenCf Belf . Meyne, pustula. But our term is mora 
closely allied tn UL Uima, which is not only ren- 
dered pmMa, but also, eoetio ex verbert ; O. Andr. 
Oerm. Moe <ii, to sweU. 

BLAIN, <. 1. A blank, avacancy. A Uain im aMd, 
a place where the grain has not sprung, Loth. 2. In 
pi. Nains, empty gmln, Banffli.~Pn>bably a metaph. 
use of the preceding word ; or from A. B. Nimie, 
cesaatto^ intermisslo. 

BLAINT, a4S. Applied to a field with flreqoent blanks 
in the crop^ from the grain not haTing sprung up, 

To BLAINOH, «. a. To deanse.— Vrom X. Nanoft, 
Vt. Uamdi-ir, to whiten. 

To BLAIB, Blabb, v.n. 1. To make a noiae ; to ciy 
loud, Ang. Boxb. 2. To bleat as a sheep or goat, 8. 
A. T.JSeoU, V. BLAiaASD. 

BLAIB, Blabb, a. 1. A loud sound; a czy, 8. A. 
JoooMto JBeKet. 8. The bleat of .a sheep, Boxb.— 
Teut. Uaer-4ih boave, moglre, Gael. Uoer-oai, to ciy, 
btaer, a ciy. 

BLAIBANB, part. pr. Roaring ; eiTing.— Teut dloer* 
CM, mogire. Gl. Bibb. 

BLAIB, «. That part of flax which is afterwards used 
in maanflMture, properly after it has been ateeped, 
and laid out for being dried ; for, after being dried, it 
it is called Mni, 8. Thia in X. ia denominated karU. 
— 8w. Moer, harda of flax ; but lather ftam lal. kUuTf 
aura, becauae it ia thna oxpoaed to the drought 

To BLAIB, «. M. To become dry by expoaure to the 
drought, Ang. 

BLAIBIN, f . The ground appropriated for drying flax, 
Ang. Thia term alao denotes the ground on which 
peata are Uild out to be dried, Ang. 

BLAISD, part. pa. Bonred, Ang. Fife. Y . Blbbsb. 

BLAI8X, Blbbsb, t. The Blaiu of wood ; those par- 
tielea which the wimble scoope out in borUig. Clydea. 
Y. Blab, Blat. 

To BLAI8TXR, «. a. To blow with Tldence. A. 8. 
Manlaii, inaufllare. B.U«f(er aeematobeorlglBally 
the aame woid. 

BLAIT,«<^. Naked; ban. Pr.t^PMit. 

BLAIT, Blatb, Blbat, a^j. 1. Bashful ; aheepUh, 8. 
Y. BLooT,fii4/. 8. Modest; unaaaumlng; not for- 
ward'; dilBdent. Old Morlalitg. 8. Curt; rangh; 

undTil, Ang. Aberd. SpaULing. 4. Btopid ; eaMl> 
deoeired. €fl. Surv. Jfaim and Moray. 6. Dloot; 
mif^Hng ; a acoondaiy aenae. Jkmffloi. 0. Dull ; 
In relation to a market; aa, " a blaU toir." Booi. 
7. Metaph. uaed aa expreaalTe of the app^rance of 
gran or com, eapedaHy in the blade. We say, 
" That graaa ia looking unco Mote," when the season 
ia backward, and there ia no diacemiMe growth, 8. 
" A UaU bmiid," aydea.-0. B. Mode, aiUy, MtoIouh ; 
or in the aame aenae in which we now apeak of a 
blunt roaaon or excuae. Isl. Uaad^ury blautk^ur, 
Uamd, aoft The word aeema to be primarily applied 
to things which are aoftened by moisture. Mollis, 
limosua, maceiatna. Hence uited to signify what is 
feminine ; aa oppoKd to huatar, maacoilae. It also 
algniAea, timid. BUyde, aoftneaa, fear, ahame ; hmt- 
bleiA, aoftnesa of mind ; Geim. 8u. G. blode, Belg. 
blood, moUia, ti mf***^t . 

BLAITLIE, (mIv. BaahfuUy, 8. 

BLAIT-MOUIT, aij. Baahf ul ; aheepiah ; q. aahamed 
to open one'a mouth. 

BLAITIB-BUM, a. Simpleton ; atupid fellow. Lynd- 
say.— If thia be the genuine orthography, perhapa 
firom Teut bloM, Tanlloquua ; or mther, Moft, 
aheepiA, and boaiiiie, lympenum. But it la gene- 
rally written Bat iebu m, q. t. 

BLAIZB, «. A blow, Abenl. Ckriatmat BaHno.— 
Bu. G. Uooaa ; Taut bloeie, a wheal, a pustule ; the 
effect being put for the cauae. 8. B. bleack, ayn. 

BLAK q/tte BU^ the apple of the eye, 8. B. Bmee. 

BLAKWAK, i. The bittern. Y. Bbwtbb. 

BLAMAKING, a. The act of dlacolouring or wuJeino 
liTid by a atroke. Aberd. Beg. 

BLAN, pret Oauaed to ceaae. Oatoaa and Ool. It 
ia, undoubtedly, the pret of MAa.— A. 8. lAant Maim, 

BLANCH, a. A flaah, or sodden blase ; aa, nblanekt/ 
lightning, nfe. Thia seems mdically the same with 

Hi.M^ ^ BUBK. 

BLANCHABT, adj. White. Gawan and Gol.—fr 
blanc, Mancfte, id. The name bianekardo is given to 
a kind of linen doth, the yam of which has been 
twice bleached before it was put into the loom. Per- 
hapa immediately fh>m Teut Nancfca, id. and aerd^ 
Belg. nardt, nature. Y. Abt. 

BLANGHB, a. A certain mode of tenure. ** Blanch 
koldivig ia generally defined te be, that in which 
the Taaaal paya a small duty to the auperior, in tall 
•f all aervicea, as an acknowledgonent of his right, 
eitber in money, or in aome other aubject aa a 
penny money, a pair of gilt epura," Ac. Brtk. InU. 
The term may hare originated fsom the substitution 
ot payment in wkite^ or ailTer money, instead of a 
dui^ in the produce of the land. Hence the phnaae 

BLANCIS, «. pi. Ornaments worn by those who re- 
preaented Moora in the Pageant exhibited at Edin- 
burgh, IMO. Wation't OoU.—U not allied to Fr. 
bUnCt white, it may be a cognate of Germ. Bu. G. 
Noen, lal. bie$, aignum album in flronte equi ; whence 
X. blammt 8. Sawtand^ q. t. 

BLAND, a. Bome honourable piece of dreaa worn by 
knighta and man of rank. MaiOamd Poemt.— 
Blanda, according to Bullet, ia a robe adoroed with 
purple, a robe worn by grandeea. Bu. G. Myaitl, 
bliantt a kind of predoua garment among the andenta, 
which aeema to hare been of rilk. 

3b BLAND, «. a. To mix ; to blend. BoueUu.—^a. 
G. Id. Nond-o, to mix. 




f BLiun>n» «. 

1. To dWMe or diipene fai m 

^^ l«sy;oCI«B applied to Kod 

Ibis is aid to be fttanAf'^ wbea vefy ttinlj 
fife. X. l^tabUe; tediffue oB yiyi t, 
peetallT ae la»ds to li^Bie (^ ctencter of 
a 1 OiMillwif BMd to denote tte wont of 

la flonatioD;* tWof Teiy oooiboii with 

, MM dcaoUnf the UeadiaK ef 
BLANDiaH, a. Tbe gnia left i«ci* "T 
~ iB the tamm dnriaf i 
q. "an IntervaL*— So. O. 

■DI11B, inter, be t we e n, from Woad Bi ™*c ^ 

BLAHDI8H, *. ttotleiy, Boib. id-AoirtPljaM.— 
OFT. --^.. 



leltbyawaBnd;alaoablaak. iT. 

,toaootbe; UJLUamdiri. 
\tf diffntiif" '*1hat groond 
it baa been atarrod in 

aovin^ fife. 

BLAMKXT, f. Meaning doaWftd; pclbapa» 

apdUOmg. T. Blw Bi^awrr. 

BIAEBIT. jNir* a*. ^'"^'"^^'^ ^^^^^ 
Ettr. f or.— A. 8. Wa«r«, eonflator ; orfcom ««•-««, 

flare, and ori, natuia, an animal of a blowing nature. 

9bBLABB,«.». Tbeiy;nl»toM«». '^^ ■"l^ 
BLAIWBY.f. Acnnttefni.^pliedbo«btoniafTello«« 
nairatkm and to flalterj— Fr. ftoWeeme, a lie, fib, 
gall; alao, a babbling, or «»« •«^'«f '" ^• 
r« BLABT. a. It. To War* doam; to laD flat in the 

■ad Dmnflr. • mj -» 

To BLA8H, •- o. To loak; todrcndi. * To UaA 
one's atonaeb," to drink too coploorij of any weaK 
and dflnUng Uquor, 8. FW«n'* Pto«au.-PefbH» 
fadicaUy the same with jrfodk, fimn Genn. jiata-fM. 

V Plash. m 

BLA8H,f. 1. AbeaTyfUlofi»ln;"aNaAo^weet. 
8. 2. Too great a quantity of water^r of any w«* 

llQBid, poured Into any dish or potion ; as, Sie 
ciit a great Moa of water into the pot." 8. 

BLA8HT, odi. \. Muging; "^«^ 'J^^ ^ 
inundatioTs. ««-«»• «- AppUed to meat or 
drink that U thin, weak, flatolen^ ''^f *t^. 
bililatlng to the sbwmc*i, 8. Blasfcf, "Thin, poor, 

BL^SoT, odi. Pertmp^ b^ *^ '^S!!L!**i 
i?oi««i«ii.e Pbaa».--Oerm. «o«. bare, Wa»«, to 
iSTlSre ; or rather. Tent. 6I«, ealTUs. whence 
VUm frons capiUo nuda. 

To BLA80N, •• «- To proclaim pubUcIj by means of a 
benkL BeUeiMie*. ^. , . 

the armorial bearings were btoioned. ^y***^-.f. 
The badge of ofllee worn bj a king's messenger on bis 

^Sii. Thence Wa«m,»tennmaritlng that sign. 


BLA8TIB, Blastt, odf;- 
BLASTINO.t. Tbediaeaaeef 

q. T. BoKb. 
BLATANT, a4^*. BcOowSng like a eaU; 

Mocf •«^ balare ; Uru^mit, bleatiag. 
BLATB,aa;. Basfaftf. T. Blar. 
BLATBNBSS,«. Sheepiahneas. 8. Tkk 
BLATKLT, wiy Applied to rain that is 

gentle, not riolent or Wasbtn#, Bozb.— AUIed, peiv 

bapa, to 8a. O. Uoc^o, to steep, to 
lbBLATHBB,v. w. To talk 
BLATHBB,*. T. Bi-armsa. 
BLATHBIB, ocfj. Noosenaieai ; foolish. 

£eef. T. under BLBTwan, «. 
BLATTKB, s. 1. A attling noise, i JT amta f . «. 

Xugace uttered with riolence and apidity, & 

^ntifwy.— iai* Wofer^re ; Tteui. Maler^a, stultA 

BIAUCHT, 4»0'. PalejM^id. PWto^Heii.— A 8. 

Mae. Blace; 8a. Q. Nek, Id NeOvr, B. Maak, palli- 

dns. A. 8.Nao-<a»;8a.O. NdbHid, towmxpale. 
lb BLAUD, o. «- To maltreat, Abeid. T. Blaa. v 
BLATBB, Blatot, «. The com-bottte. Boxb. 

giro tbe same name to the riolet. ▼. Blai 
BLAUOH, o^;. Of a bluish or sickly colour, Boab. 

Apparentty the mme with BianAl, q. t. 
BLATINO, BLAUUto, «. Blowing. Qwmom and Osl. 

—A. 8. MooNm, 6yiMm, boedna canere. 
BLAW, «. A Now; a stroke. ITallaee. Teut. 

Moeio^ caedere. «Iom Is used la thUsesue, Ol. 

To BLAW, V. Used both as a. and «, 1. To blow; in 
a Uteial sense referring to the wind. & Anwia*. 
—A 8. Maw-an. flare. 2. To breatiie, 8. Ajh. 
HamiUmm. t. To pvddish ; to make known, S. 
Burtl. B. Horn is used in the same sense. 4. To 
biag ; to boast. B. Bfasl,synon. Bwrbtmr. Dvmtias, 
.-Qf!^ Nov. falsns, mendax, dolosas; Teut Uos^a, 
flare et «imiis Tanisqne laodibns rem efferre. ac 
inaal flata Inlbrclre. 6. To magnify in nanation, 
capedally from a principle of ostentation. 8. 6. 
To flatter; to coax. BaOUe. 8. Prom. '*Teftntbura 
me, and then W««s me." T. To Blow in one's Img, to 
cajole or flattera person, so as to be abl«'to guide bin 
atwiU,8. HieolBmrmM. O. B 




811. 0. 5lMf-«, toliMtU era oonnsel; Tent oorMMMM, 
not only algnlfles, in ftorem mnMare, bIto miUMitnra, 
obgnnnlre in aaren^ bol it rendered, blnndiri. 8. To 
huff a man at draughts. Iftlaw, or blow yoit, I take 
thia man, S.— Sn. Ck Ndot-o, to blow, la naed in thia 
▼ery aenae. Bkuua bart m brkka i dmmapelt Seren. 
9. To Slam ofpin loeka or bolta, and to looae fettera, 
by neana of a — g***' power aacribed to the breath, 
S. 8aian*t /noiiiUa World. 10. To blaw^oiU on 
one, to reproach ifbn ; alao, formally to denounce one 
aa a rebel by three blaata of the kiog'a horn at the 
market<roaa of the head borough of the ahire in 
which the pezaon reaidea ; an old forenaic phmae. 

BLAW, I. 1, A blaat ; aguat, 8. Bndd. Oiuoanatid 
(M. 8. The direction of the wind. Anent the blaw, 
oppoaite to the quarter from which the wind Uowa, 
Buchan. 8. The aound emitted by a wind inatm- 
ment. JaeobUe Beliei. 4. A boaat ; a brnvado ; a 
gaaoonade, 8. A- 9ooU. A. Oatentatlon, aa mani- 
feated by action. The Har'U Rig. 8. A fialafhood ; 
a Ue told ftram oatentatlon* He Uttt §reU blanm. 8. 
B. BoMikmjf. 

Bianni, a. A pompoua, empty peiaon, Ayra. ; chiefly 
applied to malea. Y. Blcpmjm. 

BLAW, a. A pull; a draught; a cant term, oaed 
among topera, 8. i^enmaon.— Berhapa firam 8n. O. 
Maio-on, InCare ; aa referring to the act of drawing in 

BLAW, «. Bloaaom ; blow, Ayra. Piofeen. 

To BLAW LowHf v. n, Tomake no noiae ; to arold 
boaating, Bttr. for. PertUqf Man. 

To BLAW ouit V. a. To pubUah-; to make geneimlly 
known. DomgUu. 

To BLAW Tobaeeo. To ameke tobacco; oaed alao 
dmply oav.n. To Blaw, Id. 

To BLAW one 1^ v. a. To fill one'a aaind with ground- 
lesa hopea from unfounded repreaentationa, ao aa to 
gain credit for what ia falae ; aa, "INciohimtyiaae, 
that he beUeved everything I aaid," 8. 

BLAW-r-MT-LUG, t. L Flattery ; wheedUng, Bozb. 
Wkite-ufindf wpaoo. 2. A flatterer ; one who blowa 
▼aoity in at the ear ; aometimea Blaw-mf4mff, 

BLAW-STICR, a. A tube for blowing the fire inalead 
of bellowa, Sttr. Tor. 

BLAW-FLUM, «. A mere deception > applied to any- 
thing by which one ia mocked, 8. Piekon. Y. Blmt- 


BLAWINQ-OAB8S, t. Blue monnlain-giaaR, an herb, 

Melica Coerulea ; Linn. lamarka. 
BLAWN COD. A apUt cod, half-dried, Aug. ; ao de- 

comimtted, periiapa, becauaa ezpoaed for aome time 

to the windm 
BLAWN DRINK, a. The remainder of drink in a 

glaaa of which one or more have been partaking, and 

which haa been frequently Motro upon by the action 

of the breath, 8. Syn. JairUa. 
BLAWOBT, a. 1. The bloe bottle ; Centaorea cyanua^ 

Lion., 8. WUek4>€lU, alao WUAetT TktmUa, 8. B. 

Jiedl. 3. The Bonnd-leaTod Bell-flower, Lanaiks.— 

From Mo, livid, q. t. and wort, an heib. 
To BLAWP, o. n. To belch ; to heave up water, Ayn. 

Perhapa q. blaw up, like Bdg. op ftkuuen, to blow iq>. 
To BLAZE, 0. a. To vilify ; to calumniate, Benfr. 

TannaMU.— Perhapa from (he idea of biasing abroad; 

80. Q, 6laea-a, flare. 
BLAZB, a. 1. The name given to allum ore, 8. 2. 

Alao to a anbatanre which Ilea above coal, 8tiiUnga. 


BLB, BLia, a. Cemplezlon ; colour. Omoan and GoU 
—Thia word la common in 0. B. A. 8. Neo^ blio, 

To BLBAOH down, or alonf , 9. n. To fUl flat to the 
ground. BloaA> ia alao need to denote a fhll (rf thia 
deaoription. Loth.— Perhapa from lal. biak'O, ver- 
berare, aa denoting the effect of a violent blow. 

BLEACH, a. A-blow. 8. Br 01. 8hirr. Poetnt Buekan 
ZKtO.— lal. blak, alapa. 

BLEACHER, a. One whoae tade la to whiten cloth, 8. 

To BLEAD, V. a. Apparently, to train, or to lead on 
tothechaae. Statitt,Aoe.— Alva. blail-€n,bdei^-€n, 
oomitaii, conduoero. 

BLEAR, a. Something that obaeurea the eight Boat 
Blkab8,jiI.. The maika of weeping, romaa. V. 

To Blbak ontft JTe. To blind by flattery. BUaring 
your 0*0, blinding you with flatteiy ; CfL Antiqwuy. 
The V. in 0. E. waa uaed metaph. aa aignifying to 
beguile. *' I bUar one'a fya,** I beguile one. 

BLEARED, BLan,*i>,» Thin, and of a blniah 
colour. Milk that ia akimmed ia denominated 
bleared, Roxb. Hogg. Y. Buumia. 

BLBATER, a. The cock anipe, ao named from ita 
bleatino aound, Ettr. For. 

To BLEB, V. n. To aip ; to tipple, ne'e aye bUbbino, 
he ia atUl tippling, 8. B. 

BLEBBER.a. A tippler, 8. B. 

To BLEB» «. a. To q[>ot ; to bednbber ; a term often 
applied to children when they cover their dothea 
with food of a liquid or aoft deacription. Y. Buna 
and Blob. 

BLEBBIT,jNirf.|)a. Blurred ; beamearad. Y Blobbit. 

To BLEOK, V. a. 1. To puaale ; to reduoe to a non- 
plua, in an eaamination or diapntation, 8. 2. To 
baffle at a feat of activi^, dexterity, or atrength, 
Aberd.— Cknn. 6laefe-en, plack-tn, vezare, ezagitare. 

BLECK, a. 1. A chaUenge to a feat of activity, dexterity, 
or atrength. 2. A baffle at auch feat 8. Uaed aa 
a achool term : " If A be below B in the claaa, and 
during Fa abaence, get flarther up in the claaa than 
B, B ia aaid to have a bUdk iqwn A, and takea place 
of htaa when< he geta next to him, Aberd.— A. 8. 
Ute-ois atupelhoere, peratringere, toamaae," Somner. 

To BLECK, V. «k To anrpaa > to excel ; aa, " That 
bleeka a'," that exoeeda eveiythlng, Ettr. For.— 
Perhapa from 8u. O, bkk, pale ; or laL My^d-oa, to 
put to the bluah, to auffuae with bluahea. 

3b BLECK, Blxk, v. a. 1. To blacken, literally, 8. 
Folwart, 2. To ii^nre one'a character. Banna^no 
Foemt. 8. To cauae moral pollution. Abp. HamH- 
fovA.- A. 8. blaee-an, denigmre; lal. 6kfe, liquor 

BLED, part, pa, Perhapa, qnrung. Cfawan and CM, 

BLEDDOCH, «. Butter-milk, Roxb. Y. Bladoob. 

BLEED, a. Blood, Heama. Aberd. Bott. 

• To BLEED, o. n. To yield ; applied to the prodnc- 
tiveneaa of grain or pulae, when thiaahed ; aa, *' The 
aita dlnna bleed wed the year, but the beer Meeda 
weel," 8. 

BLEEDER, a. Applied aa above to grdn ; aa, " a gude 
Uaeder," " an iU bleeder » 8. 0. 

BLEEDT, 04/. Bloody. Skinner, 

BLEER'D, part. a^. Thin. Y. Blbabbd. 

BLEEYIT, Blbvit, a. A blow, Buchan.- Moea. O. 
bUgg-wan, caedera ; or perhapa coir, of 8u. O. blod- 
vite, vibex, vel ictua aanguineolentua ; aa originally 
referring to a atroke which haa left maika of blood. 

To &LSEZE, V. n. 1. To become a littie aour. Milk ia 




•ftid to bUem, or to be hUeMed, when U le turned, but 
not congealed, 8. ; tUnk^ ^non.— From Qenn. Moet- 
en, to blow ; or htUx-en, falganxe ; heat, especially 
when aocompanled bj llghtninf , more generally pro- 
duoing this effect S. The part Neesed, signifies the 
state of one on whom intoxicating liquor begins to 
opemte, 8. It espeelallj denotes the change pro- 
duced in the expression of the countenance ; as, He 
looked bUeMed4ike. Peihaps bUeaed in sense 3 is 
allied to fr. hl<»-er, giter, altjrer. n a tant bu d'eau- 
de-Tle [aqua ritss] qn'U S'est hUui. Diet. TreT. 

To BLUZa, «. n. 1. To blaie. t. To make a great 
show, or an ostentatious outerjr, on any sul:Ject, 8. 
Bynon. Bkui. Bob Soy. 

BLSBZI, t. ▲ Urely fire made by means of fbxie, 
straw, Ac., & Bott. ▼. Buim. 

lb BLBBZl, V. a. To Uumo aioay, to make to fly off 
In flame suddenly, & Plyff cway, ^ynon. Old 

BLSXZX, t. BlUMo of wit^ a sadden bUst, applied 
only to a dry wind, fife. Tent, ftloes, flatus. 

To BUUBB a«pa', or a«say, v. f». To gasconade ; to 
brag; to talk ostontaaously, 8. To Flaw away, 
synon. 8. A. T%e Pirate. Alem. Mot-on ; 8u. O. 
Moet-a ; T(*ut. Macs-en, flare, splrare. 

BLBBZB-MONIT, BLiTis-BrLTia, t. The gratuity 
glren to schoolmasters by their pupils at Candlemas ; 
when he or she who gires most is proclaimed king or 
queen, and is considered as under obligation to In- 
vite the whole school, that Is^ all the suhjeoto for the 
time-being. From 8. 6Ieii, bMoe, a torch, bon fire, 
or anything that makes a blase ; apparently because 
contributed at CandUmaat a se ason when fires and 
lighte f ere anciently kindled. 

BLBBZT, Blkbiii, t. A small flame or blase. AOer 

BIJOBZB, §. A smart stroke with the flsc, Boxb.— Fr. 

Mener, to hurt or wound. 
BLBBZ'D, ad^. Buflled or made rough ; fretted.— Fr. 

BLBFFBBT, BurrsET, t. 1. A sodden and Tiolent 
flsll of snow, but not of long continuance, Meams. 
3. A squall ; generally eonreylng the idea of wind 
and rain ; a dtorm, a hurricane, Meams. Aberd. 8. 
Metaph. transferred to the attack of calamity. 
Tarrant Foemt.^A. 8. MaevNin, to blow, seems the 
tsdioal term. Perhaps Inrerted fhnn A. 8. fortk- 
blaw-€m, to belch, or break out. 8omner. 

BLEFLXTM, Blbpbvx, t. A sham ; an illadon ; what 
has no reality in it, 8. BtUketford.^lA. fiim, irrisio, 
carmen llunosum. Hence JUmt-a, dlffamo, fiimt^ 
nugae inflames, O. Andr. p. 74 ; 8u. G. fiimmro, 11- 
ludere. Or, perliaps, from 8. Blate and Flevme^ q. 
to Uoie lAle^ia, to laise air>bnbbles. V. Blaflum, v. 

BLBFLUMMBRY, f. Tain tanaglnations, 8. 

BLKHAND, Blibamo, o4;. Bit Triet.^'* Blue, ftrom 
MeoA, Bax. oaerwleut. Blduwd brown. A bluish 
brown," Ol. The word is merely A. 8. 6la-Aewen a 
little transformed. The Idea seems, "a brownish 
colour, inclining to purple or Tlolet" 

BLEIB, «. 1. A pustule ; a blister. ** A burnt NeA," 
a blister caused by burning, 8. Bld>, a blister, A. 
Bor. 01. Grose. 8. Bteibt^ jrf. An erupUon to 
which children ara subject, In which the spoto ap- 
pear larger than in the measles, Luth Bonier. V. 

BLETIS-8TLYEB. ▼. BLma-Morar. 

fV) BLBIB, V. a. To asperse ; to calumniate. To bltir 
one's character, Fife. Probably a metaph. sense of 

the B. «. 6lear, q. to defile the efaaraeler, at when 
the eyes or fisoe are Meored, or foaled with rheum, or 
by weeping. Isl. Nora, howerer, signifies inTidIa, 
imputatio delicti. Y. Blbikis. 

BLBIRIB, «. A Ue ; a Ihbricatton, Ayrs. q. some- 
thing meant to bUar, or blind the eye. 

BLEIBIB, adj. A term applied to Weak Uqnor, which 
has little or no strength ; as, hleMe aie, Fife. 

BLBIRU, BLBAEii, f. 1. Oat]|eal and buttermUk 
boiled to a consistenoe somewhat thicker than gruel, 
with a piece of butter put into the mess, Lanarks. ; 
qrn. Ipewandt. 8. Also a luune glren to water-gruel, 
Boxb. Probably aUled to Isl. blaer, aura, as origi- 
nally applied to liquids so affected by the air as to 
lose their natural taste. Y. Blibxb, v. 

BLBIBING, part, pa, BUaring Bate. Polwart.^ 
This seems to be the botte, a disease In horses. 
BMring may express the effect of pain in making 
the patient tocry oat.^Tent Uaer-en, boare, muglro. 

BUBIBIB, t. pi. Something that prorente distinctness 
of Tlslon. PJkOotas.— This Is the same with blear, $. 
only used in the pl. Ihre mentions B. Mear^ed, 
as allied to 8a. G. Mtr-o, plir-a, oculis semiclausis 

BLStS, Blob, Blbbb, Blbibb, t. 1. Btaue; bright 
fiame, 8. B. Barbomr. 8. A torch, a Aw^lai.— 
A. 8. bkuoe, tax, taeda, a torch, anything that makes 
a bUise, 8n. G. Noss, id. 8omn. 8. A signal made 
by fire, 8. It is stlU used In this sense at some 
ferries, when it is customary to kindle a Meiie when 
a boat is wanted firmn the opposite dde. 

BLBIS, f. The name giren to a rlTor-fish. Sibbald.^ 
This seems to be what in B. is called Bleak, Oyprlnus 
albumus, Linn. 

BLBKB, i. 8tain or Imperfection. KeWi. Perhaps 
the same with B. bkuk, «. as denoting any spot of 
black ; or flrnm A. 8. Moee ; IsL Mefc, liquor tincto- 

BLEKKIT. Legend Bp. 8t. Androis, p. 807, expl. in 
Gl. *' blacked,** but It seems to signify dseeieed.— Isl. 
6ldt-ia, Id. fUlere, dedpero. 

BLBLLUH, s. An idle, talking fellow, Ayrs. Bwnu. 

Tb BLBMB, «. n. To bloon ; to blossom. Aimiafyne 

BLEMIS, 9. pi. Blossoms ; flowers. Honlote.^Belg. 
Uoem ; Isl. bloma ; Alem. M«os», flos, floscnlus ; 
Teut ftloein-en, florere. 

^LBNGH OANE. Cane or duty paid to a superior, 

' whether in money or in kind, in lieu of all other rent ; 
apparently equivalent to B. QuUrent, Aett Jo. VI. 
Y. Gabb. 

BLENOHEB MILK. Skimmed milk, a little soured, 
Aberd. Y. Blibk, v. in the same sense. 

BLENOH-LIPPBD, part. adj. White-mouthed.— Fr. 
blame, blaneke, white. 

BLBNPIT BEAR. Bear or big mixed with bailey, & 
.d^r. iSuro. PeA. 

To BLENK, Blimk, «. i». 1. To open the eyes, as one 
does from a slumber, . 8. Barboar. 2. To take a 
glance or hasty view ; with the prep, in added, as 
signifying into ; as, *' Blenk in this mirrour, man, 
and mend." 8. To throw a glance <m one, especially 
as expressive of regard, 8. Bote. 4. To look with 
a favourable eye ; used metaph. In allusion to the 
shining of the sun, after it has been covered with a 
cloud. HaiUic— Belg. bUntk-on, bUnOe-en; Sn. G. 
blaenk^k, to shine, to glance, to flash as lightning. 
Y. BUXK, «. 
BLENK, Buarx, t. 1. A beam ; a ny. DemoUu, 8. 




*'A«ll]Mpe8 or light," B. StrJ.atmaak'i Obun. 
p. U$. Miiut Bard, 8. H«bm timnafeiTed to the 
tomailontliifliieiHe of the mys of tho inn, oopoeUlly 
toaooMoroloadydaj. Thai U U oonuBon to ipeok 
or"»irBmMMfc,'»"ftolearMiiaE»8. Sir J. Sin- 
fiuit, 4. Applied lo the momentuyiuo of boRowed 
Ughi ; M, " Oio me a MMfe o^ a eondle,** giro me the 
ON of a eandle fat a moneiil) 8. 6. A wink, the 
tot of winking ; at timei denoting contempt or dori- 
dMi. Anttqvtaini. 8v. Wnka ; Belg. Nifcfe^M, to 
wink. 6. A gleam of proipeilty, dining adrenlqr. 
(TedMnj/t. 7. Aleo tmnefemd to a glance^ a itioke 
of the eje, or tianeient Tiew of any 6t)t|ect ; the idea 
being bonowed, either firom tho qnlcik tnnMimion 
of the laji of light, or from the ahoit-liTod inflnenoe 
of the ran when the iky Is much obec uf ed with 
elonds, 8. DauoloM. 8. A kindly glance ; a tranilont 
glanoe ezproeelTe of refud, 8. Bm%», 9. Tho con- 
eola a one of the Spirit, aooompanyiog the dtspenn- 
tlon of tho gOfpeL WcXka'9 Memark. PoMtaga. 
10. A moment. " rn notetajaNlnJk,'' I wlU retam 
immediately. /waUMi^ iBamomettt,8. £ammy. 
U. Improperiy, allttio way, a short distance; as, 
" A Mtfn* beyond ]Mweafy,"*o. JaeMU BeUet,-- 
8a. a. NMk, aegaiMkik, is a glance, acast of the 
eye, oenli nlctos; Oeim. Wek, Belg. MOe, oofftiMik, 
Id. ; the twinkling of the eye, a moment 
BLBN8HAW, t. A dilnk composed of meal, milk, 
water, Ac , Strathmoi*. Vr. ftkHioke eoK, q. whitish 

IbBUDfT ^ V. It. The son Is nld to hUnt wp, that 

to, to shine after the sky has been oreicast, Loth. 
2to BLBNT JVre, «. a. To flash, Vife. These are both 

formed fkom Ulenf, the dd pret of the «. to BUitk. 
BLENT, pret. Glanced, expressing the qoick motion 

of tho eye. €fawan omd Col.^Perhaps allied to 8a. 

O. bUga, Mto, intentis ocolis sspicors, q. Wgml. 
BLBNT,«. A glance. JkmQlat. 
BLENT, prti. Lost, as applied to sight, JTIn^'s Quair. 

—Perhaps fkmn A. 8. bUntt the part, of A. 8. blmd- 

itmt caecaie, used in a neater sense ; or fkcm A. 8. 

NiMM-an, cemaro, whence Ulnd, defldent. 
BLBNTBBi f. 1. A bolsterons, intennitting wind. 

A. Awtflof'f PMMf. 2. A flat stroke, Yife.— A. 8. 
NateeiMi, Neowend, the part pr. of Mow^A, Ueoiv on, 
flare, to blow ; Mawimp, flatus. 

BLBT, », A piece or Blad; perhaps ermt for a heU. 

roBLBTHBB,BLATnB,v.ii. 1. To speak IndlstlBeay ; 

to stsmmer, 8. ; pron. Iike/a4r. 8. To talk nonsense. 

8. To prattle, 8.— 8u. O. ftlodchwi ; Germ. ^Umiier^ 

to pmttle, to chatter, to jabber; Teat ftkLUr-ti^ 

stcdteloqni; Lat Uoter-ore, to babble ; Sw.plod^ id. 
BLETHER, Blatbib, s. Nonsense ; foolish talk, 8. ; 

often used in pi. Amu. HamHUm. 
To BLETHEB, Blaibbe, BLAnnns, o. a. To talk 

nonsensically, 8. Bamtaif. 
BLBTHSBAND, part JbrdMi.— Allied, peihaps, to 

Toot Uolcr-en, biaeUr-€H, proflare flutum, gloilari. 
BUBTHBBBB, t. A babbler, 8. 01. Herd. 
BLBTHERINa, f. 1. Nonsense; foolish language. 

B. Stammering, 8. " Stammering is called NeOertfw," 
ai. HeHl. 

BLEW. reIooX;5Iew,toseemdlsooneerted. Iteonny> 

both the Idea of astonishment and of gloominess, 8. 

I*€Ui$ to the Ftajf.^BUw, 8. Is often synon. with 

To BLEZZIN, 9. a. To publish ; to propagate, Ayrs. ; 

tho same as E. bUuwm, 

To BLTACTTE, o. ». To Uow, Bwehaa. 

BLIBB, «. The nmik of a stroke. Tkiylor't A iV sa w . 
Y. Bum, Blab, sense 2, also Bltfb. 

BLIGHAM, (ffutt.) t. A contemptaous designation 
ftnr a person, Pertha. 

BLIOHBN, BuoBia (jgutL)^ s. 1. A term often applied 
to a person of dlnUnatlTe siae ; as, " He's a puir 
NMoM," Lofh. 8. AppUed also to a lean, worn-out 
animal ; as, "ThalTs an aakl hlkkam tt a beast,** a 
sorry horse, one neaily unflt for woffc of any kind, 
Dnmtr. 8. A spaik ; a llTcly, showy youth. Loth. 
4. A harum-scarum fbllow ; synon. BattleskuU, 
f4inailfai 6. A worthless person, Dumfr. Perhaps 
derlTod from E. To Hiokt, which Is probably from A. 
8. Ml0-cM», fulgere, as denoting the eifectof lightning 
In blasting Tegetshlo substances.— O. B, hi^dMiOt 
sigBlfles puny, diminutlTe ; Tout Nick, is umbm, Ac 

BLIGHSR, «. A spare portion, Sttr. Por. 

BLIGHT, 04/. An epithetexpremiTe of the oomscation 
of armour In the ttaao of action. IToMlals.— A. 8. 
bMo-on, coruseare ; Metf, coruscatns ; Alem. 6laelel ; 
Oenn. Ulcbe^ splendot 

BLTBE, BLTin, ad>. Tho prooundaticii of UUke, 
cheerftal, In Pilb and Angus.— 8u. G. Utd; Isl. 
IHM^; Alem. hUd; Belff. Nyds, hOarls. The E. 
word zetalns the A. 8. fonn. 

WTiTEBfl^ «. pt. The eye-lashes, Aboid. ; also Britn. 

BLDTPABT, f . A squall, Ac. Y. Blbffbbt. 

To BLIGHTEN, o. «. Jo blight MtatwOPt Sd. 

To BLIN, Blth, Bltbb, o. «. To cease ; to desUt, 8. ; 
also Mind. IToUaet.— A. 8. Mfim-an, cessare, contr. 
fkom MKn tt tt H, id. In Isl. and So. G. it ocours In 
its simple fonn, limi-a, also. Undraw id. 

To BUN, «. A. To cause teoease. CkroH. S. Pott. 

BLIND-BELLs f. A game former^ common in Ber- 
wlcks. in which all the players were hoodwinked, 
except the person who was c^ed fko BtU. He 
carried a bell, widdh he rung, still endeaTouring to 
keep out of the way of his hoodwinked partnen in 
the game. When he was taken, the person who 
seised him was released from the bandage, and got 
possession of the Ml ; the bandagabetag tianafBrrsd 
to him who was laid hold of. 

BLINB-BITGH. a bag formerly used by miners, Bttr. 
Por. The same with Blaek HOcA, q. t. Mogg. 

BLDfl) BB08E. Braae without batter ; said to be so 
denominated from ttiere being none of those small 
orlfloes in it that are called ^yes, and which appear 
on the surlhee of braae which has butter In its com- 
position, Kojb. 

BLDTIM^OAL^ t. A spedesof coalproduflngBOflame^ 
Laaaiks. Agr. Smv, Afre. In dilferent languages, 
the tenn blind denotes the want of a property which 
an object seems to possess ; as, Germ. bUndfenoter, 
Su. G. blind^fbemtter, E. a blind window, 8a. G. 
UimUosr, a blind door, Ac Bal^e €Ml Tretde. 

BLIND HARIE. Bllndman's-buff, 8. Herd. Bdlf- 
blimdt synon.— In the ScandinaTian Julboekj tram 
which this sport seems to haTO originated, die 
principal aotor was disguised in the skin of a taiefc or 
goat. The name BUnd Morio might therefors arise 
firom his rough attire ; as he was called ftMnd, tn 
consequence of being blindfolded. Or it may signify. 
Blind Mailer, or Xord, In ironical la&guage. Y. 

BUND MAK*8 BALL^ or BeoUPt Smiff-bom. Common 
pufl'-ball, 8. Y. Plor. Sueo. IAghtfoot.^li is also 
caUed Blind mmfe ssm, Lc eye% & B. An Idea, 




Moordlng to Umi., prevails throqg^iit the whole of 
Bweden, that the doit of this plant causes hUmdmeu. 

BLIN]>-lfAN*8-BlLL0W8t «. The paff-hall, or DetU's 
BdoIMwz, Bozh. 

BLIND PALMIB or PAWMIBp t. One of the names 
giren to BUndawn's-buff, Bozb. 

BLIND TAM. A bundle of ng» anade op bj feaule 
mendicants to pass for a child, and ezdte oompasiion, 
Aberd. BTnon. Jhmb Tom, 

BLTNDIT, pr«(. Blended. Oaiotm and Ga, 

BLINDLIN8» BLTmLuiois, adv. HaTing the tjtB 
dosed, hoodwinked. It denotes the state of one who 
does anythinff as if he were blind, 8. JhugUu. — 
Qwm. Dan. bUmdUnofi id. V. Lurou. 

BLINDS, t, pi. The Pogge, or Miller's Thmnb, a fish, 
Cottos OataphrsctiiSy Linn. West of B. Statist. Aoe. 
— Peihaps U reoeiTes this name becaose its ejcs am 
Tcry small. 

To BLINK, V. «. To glanee, Ao. V. Budik. 

To BLINK, «. n. 1. To become a litUe ioar ; a term 
mod with respect to milk or beer, 8. BUene, lynon. 
Chr. Kirk. 3. Metaph. applied to what is Tiewed as 
the effect of Papal infloence. Walker*t Remark. 
PoMtaott, 8. ^ te NMM, to be half-dnwk, Fife. 
A, To be UMka, to be bewitched. So. G. Haekk-a ; 
Ckrm. bUtUc-en^ oomscare, to ihine, to flash, to 
lighten ; q. Btrock with lightning, which, we know, 
has the effect of making liquids soar ; or as denoting 
that of sonshine, or of the heat of the weather. 

To BLINK, «. a. 1. To blink a lost, to plaj the male 
jut with her, Vlfe. Olink, tpixux. Border. 2. To 
trick ; to deceire : to nick, Abeid. TanxufM Poant. 

BLINK, s. Togie the blink ; to giro the sUp, Abeid. 

BLINKER, «. A llTcly, engaging glil, Bo3d>. In Ql. 
to Burnt it Is said to be a tenn of contempt 

BLINKEB^ «. A person who is blind of one ^e, 8. 
Blinkert, Id. Uncash. Gl. 

BLINNTNO, part. jr. Leg. Blwmyno. MaiOand 

To BLINT, «. n. To shed a feeble, glimmering light, 

BLINTBB,«. Bright ihlning, Aberd. Tarrat. 

To BUNTBB, «. n. To mah ; to make haste, Aberd. 
y. BLBrraa. 

To BLINTEB, «. n. 1. To shine fe^ly, or with an 
onsteady flame, like a candle going out, Momy, 
Aberd. 2. To bring the eyelids doie to the piqiil of 
the eye, ftom a defect of vision, ibid. 8. To see 
obscurely; to blink, ibid. Perhaps from JKart, 
glanced, or fkom Dan. Uimd-€r, to twinkle, to wink at. 

BLTPB, t. A coat ; a ehred ; appUed to the skin, 
which is laid to come off in Mfpev, when it pedt in 
coats, or ii rubbed off, in shreds, 8. Burnt. — Per- 
haps rsdically the same with Flype^ q. r. or a different 
pron. of BUA, 

BLYPB,«. A stroke or blow. St.Patritk, 

To BLIRT, V. n. To make a noise in weeping ; to cry. 
It is genenlly Joined with Oreet. To blirt and greets 
i.e. to bm-st out arcrying, 8. KMy. 8. It is also 
Qsed acttvely to express the Tisible effects of violent 
weeping, in the appearance of the eyes and face ; as, 
"She's a* Uirted wi' greettng," Fife.— Oerm. blaerr- 
sn, jrforr-en, mqgire^ rugire. Perhaps X. Mtnt is 
also radicaUy allied. 

BLIBT, t. The actton expressed by the t. " A ftUrf of 
greeting," a Tident burst of tears, accompanied with 
cfying, 8. B. 

BLIBT, «. 1. A gust of wind, accompanied with rain ; 

a smart, cold shower, with wind, Loth. 8. An lnle^ 

BLIBTIX, adj. 1. AsappUed to the weather, tnoon- 
stant. A blirtit day, one that has occasionally 
serere blasts of wind and min. Loth. West of 8. 2. 
The idea is trsnsferred to poverty; "Gheertess, 
blirti€, caold, and blae." TamiaAai.— Isl. Mocr, 
auia, a blast of wind. X. Uiirf, seeais to be origi- 
nally the same. 

BLTTX, t. A blast of bad weather ; a flying shower. 
Loth. 8|ynon. BUmt. 

To BLTTBB, v. a. To besmear, Aberd. Part pa. 
blytei't. Tarrat. Y. BLimnaa, Bluthbb. 

To BUTHE, BLTTBa, «. a. To make glad. IFaZlaoe. 
A. & blitht-ian, laetari; Alem. Uidren, gaodere. 
But pertaaps our r. is immediately fbnaed fkom the 

BLITHXMXAT, t. The meat distributed among those 
who are present at the birth of a child, or among the 
rest of the family, 8. pronoonoed Myidweuf, Ang. as 
the a4J. itself, Myd, Myid. I need not my, that this 
word has its origin flrom the happtnttt occasioned by 
a safe delirery. Taylor*t 8. Poemt, 

To BLITHBN, e. a. To make glad, Ayrs. R. OU- 
kaiat. Y. Bursa. 

BLITTEB-BLATTEB. A lattUng, Icrcgular noise, 
Domfr. Siller Onn. 

BLTVABB. Perhaps for Blftker, mora cheeiftaL 
Honlate. A literaiy friend suggests that this is 
meant for believer. 

BLTWBST, a4|., in the superi. JSToidale.— '^Blythest, 
mostmeny." Gl. Perhaps it rather refen to colour; 
q. the palest. 

To BUZZEN, «. a. Drought Is said to be Uissmln^, 
when the wind parches and withers the fruits of the 
earth. 8. B.— 8n. G. blat^; Germ. Nat-en; A. 8. 
5laet-a», to blow. 

BLOB, Blab, t. Anything tumid or circular, 8. 1. 
A small globe or bubble of any Uquid. Bellenden. 
2. A blUter. or that rising of the skin which to the 
effect of a blister or of a stroke, 8. OL CbmplayiK. 
8. A large gooeebeny; so called fhmi its globular 
form, or from the softness of its skin, 8. 4. A blo^ 
a spot; as "aMoAof ink," 8. denominated perhaps 
from its circular foim. Badically the same word with 
Bleib, q. t. 

BLOBBIT, part, pa. Blotted, blurred. T. Blob. 
Aett Ja. I. 

To BLOCHEB, {ffuU.) v. n. To make a gurgling ncise 
in coughing, from catarrh in the throat, Ang. Perths. 
It to often coi^olned with ano her term ; as, OmvAerte' 
and Blockerin\ Boiek and Croidde denote a dry 
hard oough. Perhaps from Gael. MoaAatfr, a blast 

To BLOCK, o. a. 1. To plan ; to devise. BaiUie. 2. 
To bargain. 3. To exchange ; as, " to block a shil- 
ling," to exchange it by accepting copper money in 
lieu of it—Tent. Mocfc-en, asslduum esse in stndiis, 
In opere, in eigasiulo ; a sense evidently borrowed 
fh>m a workman who ftioclbt out his work roughly, 
before he begin to giro it a proper form. 

BLOCKS, ff. A scheme, Ac. V. Bloik. 

BLOCKEB, t. A term formeriy used in & to denote a 
broker ; q. one who plans and accomplishes a bar- 
gain. JfiiuAett. 

BU)GKIN-ALB, t. The drink taken at the oondusion 
of a bargain, Buchan. 

BU)I0BU1I , t. A term usually applied to one who 
has got a cough, Ayra. Xvkientiy allied to Bloektr, 
V. q. T. 




BLOIK, Blok, BbOCK, t. 1. ▲ Kheme, » eontrlTsnee; 

genemlly mod in a t»d aaiiM. i^on^lot. 2. A bar- 

gidn, an acreeinent AeU Jo. VI, 
BLOISKNT, part. jMk One U Mid to have a UoimU 

face, when it Is red, firoUen, or diiflgnred, whether 

hj intempennce, or by being ezpoeed to the weather; 

Aug.— This appean to be vadioelly the eame with X. 

MotoM ; ** ■on-bamt, high-oolonred ;" Johna->Teiit 

Moee, mbor, parpariasom, redneia, the ooloor of purple; 

Moecii, mbeNcera ; bla»mde wtmg^m, nibentee genae, 

purpled cheek a 
Ta BliOMS, BLma, o. «. To ihine, to gleam. Ba/r" 

bomr. — 8n. G. Momn-o, to flouriah ; X. Uoom, used 

nMt^>h. ; or peihape firam A. 8. 6e, a oommon pre- 
fix, and leosMM, to thine, ae gleam ii from ^eleom- 
Oft, id. 
BLONOAT, «. Blohoatt, BLUVKsr, anHf. Meaning 
uncertain. Peihape like Blwidcet, pale-blue, or 
BLONK, Block, t. A eteed, a horae, Oawan and Chi. 
— Alem. jptoncfccu, e<^u8 palUdna, hodle Uank ; 
Bchilter. Thus Uonk may have originally meant 
merely a white horse, q. ?r. Mane cheraL 
BU>NKB, «. jrf. Kimg Sart.—lS this does not denote 

hones, as abore, it may mean Noofet of wood. 
BLOOD-VRUND, «. A rebtfon by Mood. Spaidtng, 
— Tout btoei-vriemd, cognatu^ oonaanguineus ; 
KUiam, Qerm. Uut-freund, a relation, a kinsman, 
y. FaiVD, FaiBHS. 
BL00D0RA8S, «. A disease of kine, bloody urine ; 
said to be brought on when changed finom one kind of 
pasture to another. In the Highlands they pretend 
to cure it by putting a liye trout down the animal's 
throat. Agr. Sttrv. Sutherl, 

BLOOM, f. The efflorescent crystalliiation on ttkt out- 
side of thorouglily dried fishes, Bbetl. Isl. Moaa<, flos. 

BLOOM-FELL^ «. Apparently yellow doTer. Higkl. 
Soe, Trans. ▼. Vkll-Bloox. 

BL00M8» 9. pL The name glTen, at Garron Iron- 
worics, to malleable iron after haying recelTed two 
beatings, with an intermediate soowrtn^. 

To BLOBT, «. n. To snort ; applied to a horse, Fife. 

BLOfiS^ «. A teim applied to a buxom young woman, 
West of 8. Apparently firam the same root with B. 
UoHse, a ruddy, fst-fsced wench. Fr. dioct, mellow, 

To BLOT, V. a. To puBle ; to nonplus. Duff^M Poewu. 
Perhaps allied to Sn. Q, bleed, blate, bashful ; or to 
Mott, bare, as denotitag that one's mental nakedness 
is made to appear. Teat. lUtUten, homo stoUdus, 

BL0U8T, s. 1. An ostentatious account of one's own 
actions, a bng, Roxb. Berwicks. Bpim.Blaw. A. 
Sootti Poems. 2. Often applied to an ostentatious 
pertoD, Ibid. 

To BL0U8T, V. n. To brag ; to boast Synon. Blav. 
Apparently fkom Su. Q. hlaast (pron. Host), Tentns, 
tempestas, fhnn bUuu-a (pron. bles-a), ImI. blaes-a. 
flare, ipinre. 

BLOUT, a4f. Bare, naked. Ikm^Uu. — 8u. O. Isl. 
NeU; Belg. bloei, id. The tautological phrase UoU 
ocA tar Is used in 8w. V. Buut. 

BLOUT, s. 1. The sudden breaking of a storm, 8. 
iU<w(entfi, Clydesd. 2. "AbtonXof foulweather,''a 
Bodden tsll of rain, snow, or hail, accompanied with 
wind, 8. The Ha'rst Rig- 8. A sudden eruption of 
s Uqnid substance, accompanied with noise, 8. — 
Probsbly aUied to 8n. O. Neef, humidus; Moeto 
weegoTt Tiae humldm. 

BLOUTSB, c. A blast of wind, Buchan. 

BU)WBN MXAT. Fiih or flesh dried by the wind 
passing through diy-stone houses, Bhetl. IsL 
Uaaaimn, exhalatus, exsiceatus U ^ynon. ; from 
Uae»<^ to blow. ▼. 8xao. 

BLOWT, aOj. Blowing ; gusty. Loth. 

BLUBBER, Blubbib, «. A bubble of air, 8. JSreniy- 
sone. T. Bum. 

BLUBBIT, part, pa. Blubbered. From 8. BtoA, a 
small globule of anything Uquld, hence tiansferred 
to teaia. 

BLUOOAT, a4^. Meaning donbtfoL Aherd.Seo, 

To BLUDDBR, Blotbbb, o. a. I. To blot paper in 
writing, to disfigure any writing, 8.— Su. G. pHattn, 
incuriose scribere ; Moes. O. hMkjan, irritum red- 
dere. 2. To dlsflgure the face with weeping, or in 
any other way, 8. iZon. CUland. 3. To disfigure, 
in a moral sense ; to exhibit in an unfsir point (rf 

To BLUDDXR, Bluthkb, e. ». To make a noise with 
the mouth or throat in taking any liquid, 8. iSBnOer, 

BLI^DDB-BBLLS, s. pi. Foxglore ; Digitalis purpurea, 
an hert>, Lanarics. 8yn. I>aad-M€n'« Bells. 

BLUB, a4i. 1. AUne day, a Teiy chill, or ftnoety day, 
Rozb. Perhaps synon. with **a Uoe day," in other 
paxU of 8. 2. A Mne day, a day in which any up- 
roar or disturbance has taken place. Ibid. 8. To look 
Uue. y. Buw. 

BLUB-BANNXT, a The Blue Titmouse, Parus caeru- 
leus, Linn ; Clydes. 

BLUE-BLANKST. The name giren to the banner of 
the craftsmen in Edinburgh. ** As a perpetual re- 
membrance of the loyalty and brarery of the Edin- 
buiKhers on the aforesaid occasion, the King [Ja. 
III.] grsuted them a banner or standard, with a 
power to display the same in defence of their King, 
country, and their own rights. This flag, at present 
denominated The Blue Blanket, is kept by the Con- 
Toner of the Tradea" MaiU. Hist. Bdin. 

BLUE-BLAUEBS, BLira Blatbis. The pbmt called the 
Bell^ower, <nr wild Blue Campanula, or Rotundifolia, 
Roxb. The Btme Bdls of Scotland, as in old song. 
Y. Blawobt. 

BLUE B0NNET8. The flower of Scabiosa soodsa, 
linn. It is also called DeviVs Bit, B., the end of 
the root being, as It were, bitten off. This corres- 
ponds with 8w. di^wuMiett, Seren. This seems the 
same with Blme-BanneU, Lanarka Bxpl. Sheeps-MI. 
—In GotUand in Sweden, this plant has a fanciful 
name somewhat similar, Baeismatumyssa, the boat- 
man's cap or mutch. 

BLUEFLT, s. The flesh-fly or BluebotUe, 8. 

BLUE-GOWN, s. The name commonly given to a 
pensioner, who, annoally, on the King's birth-day, 
recelTcs a certain sum of money, and a blue gomn or 
cloak, which he wean with a badge on it, 8. T. 

BLUE-GRASS, Blvb-obbsb, t. The name glren to 
the Tarioua scdgof rasses, or Cariees, West of S. 

BLUB 8EGGIN, s. The blue flower-de-Inoe, Ayrs. V. 
Sbo, Sboo, s. 

BLUE-SPALD, «. A dlseaae of cattte ; supposed to be 
the same with Bladapaul. Saxon and Gad, 

BLUFF, s. To get the bluff; to be taken in ; to be 
cheated, Buchan. rarros. 

To BLUFFERT, v. n. To bloiter, as the wind, Abeid. 
BLurriBTW, part. pr. Blustering ; gusty. T. Blbv- 




BLtTFFXBT, «. 1. The Mast fastelned In anooanterlng 
a rough wind, Aberd. 8. A bloir ; • Mnrice, Acg. 
Meanii. Bluffti Ifl the term used in thii eense, 
Buchan ; which SU17 be allied to BUevU. 

BLUTVLEHEADBD, a4j. Having a laiye head, ac- 
companied with the appeaianoe ot dolnen of tntelleeti 
8. ; perhaps from B. hh^. 

BLUID, Blvdk, $. Blood, 8. Bob Ban. 

BLmi>-RnN, ad^. Bloodshot, & BUednrwn, Aberd. 

BLUIDT-FINQEBS, «. The name giren to the Vox- 
glore, Qallowaj, Davidtmnft SeoMom. — ^As this plant 
has received the designation of Digitalis tnm its 
resemblance to the fingers of a glove, the name 
Uoody-finifen would almost seem a liteml version of 
Diffitalii purpurea. In Cknn. it is called fingerkiUt 
q. the covering of the finger ; 8w. M^OtrhaUairraMn. 

BLUIDTBIT, BLUiDwxn, «. A fine paid for eifaslon 
of blood. Skene, Beg. Maj.-^lL, 8. UodnoiU^ pro 
efTaso sanguine mulcta ; from blod, sanguis, and wMe, 
poena, mulcta. 

BLUITER, BLuma, «. A coarse, dum^, blundering 
lUlow, Loth. 

To BLT7ITBR, v. it. 1. To make a rumftling noise ; to 
blurt, 8. S. lb UuUer up with water, to dilute too 
much, 8. 8. To Alatter, to pour forth lame, harsh, 
and unmusical rhymes. Fotmai I.— 4}erm. jiandemt 
nugari et mentiri, jfiaudeni^ mixta nngls mendacia. 
In sense 2 it seems to be merety a dimln. from 
BlmUj q. V. 

BLCTITKB, BLurriB, s. 1. A rumbling noise ; as that 
sometines made bj the intestine^ 8. 2. Apparent!/ 
used to denote filth in a liqidd state. Cldand. 

To BLUITER, «. a. To obliterate ; applied not only to 
WTitingB, but to any piece of woik that is rendered 
useless in the making of it ; 8. B. pron. Bteelet, Y. 

BLCMDAMUJBS, f. Prunes; apparently corr. of 
Ftumbedames^ q. v. 

2V> BLUMX, V. n. To blossom, 8. bloom^ I. 

BLUN YIBBD, «. An old gun, or any old rusty weapon. 
Bttr. For. 

To BLUNK, V. a. To spoQ a thing, to mionanage any 
business, 8. Hence, 

BLUNKIT, BuirxiT, part, pa, "IxOured by mis- 
management, or by some mischievous oontrivanoe." 
01. 8ibb. 

BLUNK, f . " A dull, lifeless person," Gl, Tarroi, 
Aberd. Perhaps from Isl. hlwndOf doimio^ a sleepy- 
headed fellow. 

BLUNKS, t. pi. Cotton or linen cloths which aro 
wrought for being printed ; calicoes, 8. 

BLUNKER,*. One who prints cloth, 8. Ovjf Mamurino. 

BLUNKBT, «. Bzpl. "Pale blue; perhaps any fiOnt 
or faded colour; q. bUmAsd." Sibb. Sir Cfatoan 

BLUNT, 9. A stupid fellow, RoA. 

BLUNT, cu^'. 8tripped, bare, naked. i>ouaIa«.— This 
seems to be radically the same with BUmt^ q. v. 

BLUNTIB, Blumtt, «. A sniveller, a stupid fellow, 8. 
Burm. Teut Uutteis, homo stoUdus, obtusus, in- 
cautus,' inanis. 

BLUP, f . One who makes a clumsy or awkward ap- 
pearance, Loth. It is apparently the same with 
Flt^ q. V. 

BLUP, «. A misfortune brought on, or mistake Into 
which one falls, in consequence of want of foresight, 
Tweedd. Belg. Be^oop-«f^ to reach by running, to 
overtake. Van eenen storm bdoopen, to be cai^t 
with a stonn. 

BLU8,t. Xxpl. "flood." PoimWkCmii. Peiliapa 
should bo Jim. Y. Flovb and Flubok. 

To BLUSH, V. a. To chafs the dcin so as to produoa 
a tumour or low blister ; as, I've hlmked my hand, 

BLU8H, «. 1. A kind of low bUster. 9. AboU. Bo. a. 
Uoso, a blister ; Tent. Unyster, of the same origin. 

BLUSHIN, t. A pustule, such as those of the small- 
pox, ftall of matter, Din^. 

To BLUSTER, «. a. To disflguro In writing. BaOtic 
Y. BLunoiB, «. 

BLUTB, ff. An action ; used in a bad sense. A fuU 
bhUo, a foolish aetloni^& B. perhaps the nme with 
BUmt, q. V. 

BLUTB, Blvit, t. A sadden burst of sound, Xltr. For. 
Y. Blout. 

To BLUTHXR, «. a. To blot; to disflguro. Y. 
BLunnia, «. a. 

To BLUTHEB, «. n. 1. To make a noise in swallow- 
ing. 2. To make an Inaitleulate sound. 8. To 
raise wind-bells in water, 8. Y. Bluddie. 

PLUTHRU, «. Thin porridge, or water«rtiel, Bttr. 

BLUTHRU, t. Phlegm ; as, "O what a IMkrU he 
ouist aff his stamack I" what a quantity of phlegm he 
threw off, 8. 2. Figuratively, fh>tfay, incoherent 
discourse; q. of a flatulent description, 8. Y. 


BLUTTER (Fr. «), t. A term of reproach, Bumfr. 

Periiaps one wko has not tho power of sstentloa. 

BO, t. Used as synon. with Hu, Hbo, Abetd. 

* BO, interj. "A word of tenrour," Johnson. The 
application of this word will be seen In the 8. Prov., 
"Be dare not iajfBo to your blanket /* that Is, " He 
dare not offer you the least iAJuiy," Kelly. Perhaps, 
rather. No one can lay any imputation of dish<mour 
on you, or bring forward anything luJurious to your 
character. This word appears to be the same with 
the a ta or teo, used to excite terror ; and allied 
to Tout, terns, larva, spectrum, as well as to 0. B. te, 
a hobgoblin. 

BOAKIE, t. * A sprite, a hobgoblin, Aberd. Shetl.— 
Norw. boi^e, Isl. bodte, 6oIeH, vlr grandis et magni- 
fleas. In Sanscrit diAa is the name of an evil spirit 
O. Tent bohene^ phantasma, spectrum. 

BOAL, Bolb, t. 1. A square aperture in the wall of a 
house, for holding small articles ; a small press gene- 
rslly without a door; 8. This is most common in 
cottages. Sameajf. 2. A perfomtion through the 
wall of a house, for occasionally giving air or light ; 
usually with a wooden shutter instead of a pane of 
glass, to be opened and shut at pleasure, often de- 
nominated fTindow-ftoIe, 8.— €. B. boUk^ bwkk^ a 
gap or notdi, an aperture. 

Baxh-bolb, i. A perforation In the wall of a bam ; 
synon. C^crf-kole, 8. Y. Bowall. 

B0ARDTREB8, i. pi. A tenn used for the plank on 
which a corpse is stretched ; 8. B. 

* BOARD-WAGES, i. The money paid by a person 
for his board, Aberd. 

7b BOAST, B018T, V. a. To threaten. Y. Bom. 
roBOAT, «. n. To take boat; to enter Into a boat ;afl^ 

*< That beast wiwna boat," 8. 
BOAT, f . A barrel ; a tub, 8. 
Biar-BOAT, s. A barrel or tub In which betf Is salted 

and preserved, 8. ttoffff' I>sn. teelfs, a pail or 

Burm-BOAT, t. A small vessel for hddlnff mdted 




butter at taUtt, 8. ; etUad la B. » «Mio0-liirMi» St. 

TiLL-BoAT, «. An al«>tMuml, 8. A. 
BOATIB, M. A yawl, or smaU boat, 8. ; crldantty » 

To BOB, Bas, 9. ». 1. To duoe, 8. Bard, 2. To 

ooartM7, 8. ** When ihe cam ben ahe bobbU." A^M 

BOB,f. Owt^Uast y.BoB. 

BOB, c. 1. A bunch ; used aa lynon. with «di», 8. 
Priatt of FtUit. 2. The aBBO word, pionoonoed 
babf U used for a bnndlo of flowen, a noMgay, 8. 
MomUaim Bmrd.—lt, ftnte, a bnnoh ; UL Mte, a 

BOB, f. A Mark, a batt, & ; either q. a nnaU buneh 
■et op as a maik, or, from the mbm of the B. v. 
Bomethlng to strike at. 

DOB, t. A mont, a seoff, & B. £o«.— Teat bahb-mt 
to prate ; Isl. feemenw <te66a» osooireptnm, atbebta, 
babare (to baik) eanvm vox est ; So. O. tefte* teimo 

BOBBBB, BABsn, t. In fly-flahiaf , the hook which 
phiji loooely on the suilhoe of the water, as distin- 
gnlshed fhun the frailer, at the extremity of the line, 
8. y. Tbailsr. 

BOBBY, c. A gnmdfkther, 8. B. Bom, Perhaps 
allied to Gael, fteton, which 8haw rendeif ''Papa." 
The term jnijm seems, indeed, the root ; 6 and p 
being constantly interchanged, especially in the Cdtio 
dialects. Hence, 

AuLD BoBBia. A temiUar or ladioroos designation 
giTen to the Beril, 8. 

BOBBIN, «. A wearer's qoill, Bttr. Vor. 8ynon. Pirn, 
&— Vr. toMne, a quill for a splnntny-wheel. 

BOBBTN, «. 1. The seed-pod of birch. Loth. Xvet' 
freen, S. Bobbyns, pi. The bunch of edible Uga- 
ments attached to the stalk of BaddertoekOt a species 
ef sea weed, eaten by both men and cattle ; Vuens 
esculentus, Linn. Meams.— Fr. tetten, a great bunch. 

BOBBINS, «. The water-Uly, 8. B. JBoftMu are pro- 
perly the seed-ressels. V. GiMan-UAr. 

BOBBLB, t. A slorenly fellow, Ayrs. Pkkm. 0. B. 
b€aoaif id., bawlydf slorenly. 

BOOl, «. A bairel or cask. Act. Dom Oono. ▼. 

BOCB ; Burd, Watson's OolL U. 96. Y. Boas. 

To BOOK, 9. a. To remit Y. Box. 

BOCK-BLOOD, t. A spitting, or throwing up of Mood. 

BOD, «. A person of small sise, a term geneially ap- 
plied, somewhat oontemptuoculy, to one who is 
dwarfish, although of full age, 8. Pieken. 

BOD. «. A personal inrltation ; distinguished flrom 
Bodetoord, which denotes an inrltation by means of 
a letter or a messenger, Upp. Clydes. A. & bod'iam, 
" to delirer a message. " Somner. 

BOD. Uaed aa a common proreibial phmse, in regard 
to anything in which one has not succeeded on a 
Ibrmer attempt; "FU begin," or "FU aet about it, 
new 6od, new ahodf" 8. It la doubtfU whether bod 
dionld be rlewed in the aenae of boden, prepared ; it 
la probably rathw the a. ftods, and may mean, I will 
expeet a new proffer, aa being aet oat to the best ad- 
rantage. Perhapa a kind of hoao«miket jockey 
BODAY. Meaning doubtftil ; perhapa fleah-colonr, q. 
the eomplexioa of the body. Dtprtd. on (he OUm 
DODDUM, t. 1. Bottom. Jkm^at. % A hoUow, a 

ralley. Domgiat, S. flM isat In the human body ; 
the hlpa; aa^ *'8it atUl ea your boddmm there."— 
Atom, bodem^ Ckim. Belg. 6edsa, solum, fundus. 

BODDUM-LYBB. A deaignation giren to a lazge trout 
beeauae It keepa at the bottom, Dam£r. ; ijynon. 

BODB, f. A portent; that which ferebodea, Ayrs. 
OaU.—UlL bod, mandatom, bod-a, nonHare, and so 
on in the cognate dialects. Hence the oompoand 
terma, A. 8. fonbod-an, praenuntiare ; 8u. 0. /oro- 
ted-o, to foretoken, B. forAode; Isl. /iff^odtm, 
omen ; Teut. oour-bode, pmennnoius et pnesagiom ; 
each omens being riewed aa oommunloated by a 
messenger ftom the world of spirits to giro prerious 
warning of some important erent 

BODB, Boo, a. 1. An offer made in order to a baigaln, 
a proffer, 8. Bamoaf. 2. It la aometimes uaed to 
denote the price aaked by a render, or the offer of 
gooda at a oertain rate. AnUquarf.—^^orm, bot, id. 
fkom bUt-on, to offer. Jal. bmd, a pfoSbr, flrom 
dloClk^offerre, exhibere, pmebera. 

BODB,«.* Delay. SirBoetr. 

To BODB, «. a. To proffer, ofton as implying the Idea 
of aome degree of ocoatmint "He did na nmrely 
offer, but he tedsd it on me," 8. 

BODBABLB, m^*. llarketabto ; anything for which a 
bode or proffer may be expeoted, Bttr. Yor. 

BODBN, part, pa. Preferred. 

BODBN, part. pa. Proffered. Y. Bodx, v. 

BODBN, BoDiv, Bonn, part, pa, 1. Prepared, pro- 
Tided, fumlahed, in whaterer way, 8. Aote Ja, I. 
Wai-bodea or <U-bode», well or iU prorlded, in 
whatsrer respect, 8. 2. It seems to be used in one 
instanoe^ In an oblique sense, as signifying matdied. 
Y. Bouv. Harbour.— Su. O. 6o, Isl. bo-a, to pre- 
pare, to praride ; «saat boddf well prorlded against 
the cold. 

BODOBL^ a. A Uttla man, Loth. ; peihapa, property, 
bodoA, Y. Bod. 

BODY, a. Strength, bodily abili^. Barbour. A. 8. 
bodig not only aigniflea the body in general, but 

BODIB, Boot. a. 1. A little or pony peraon ; aa^ He'a 
buta6odie,8. 2. Alao uaedinacontemptuouaaense; 
especially when preceded by an adf, oonreying a 
similar idea. Spoidia§. 

BODDBSi a. pi. A common designation for a number 
of children in a Camily or school ; as, " Ane o^ the 
bodiet is no weel," one of the children Is ailing. 

• BODILY, adv. Bntirdy ; as, " If s taen away teday." 
not a rsatige of it rsmains ; q. the whole bod^ la ra> 

BODY-UKB, ado. In the whoto exUnt of the cor- 
poreal firame, Angua. SpaUdtag. 

BODY-SBBYANT, a. A ralet ; one who Immedlatsly 
waita on hia maator. Ouf Manneri m g. 

BODLB, BonoLB, a. A copper coin, of the ralua of two 
penniea Scots, or the third part of an English half- 
penny. JbMU.->The8e pieces are said to hare been 
denominated from a mint-master of the name of 

BODWORD, BoDWAET, BoDWoana, a. 1. A message, 
8 B. Wotteuo. 2. A prediction, or aome old aaying, 
expressing the fkte of a person or fkmlly. Marriaa*. 
—A. 8. ftodo, a messenger, and word. Su. 0. Isl. bod- 
word is edictum, mandatum. Y. Bona, a portent 

B0BTIN08, Bvmvoak a. pi. Half-boots, or leathern 
apatterdashes. Ihmftar.— Tent Maaaehoaa, ealceua 
rustkos e omdo oorio ; Kllian. 




To BOG| V. ». To be bemired ; to tlidlt in aanhy 
grouDd, 8. ; Laift Bjnoo. Vrom the B. ooan. 

To BOGi V. «« Metaph. to entongle one's sdf faiez- 
trioeblj in a dUpate, 8. 

BOOAN, BoooAM, BoQOiv, f. A boU ; a laqie pimple 
filled with white matter, cMefly appearing betireen 
the fingers of children In spring, Berwicks. Ajrs. — 
IsL MfM, tumour, 6oI^'fMi, tnmidns, M^^ Mir»-n, 
tomescere ; GaeL bolg-amy to swell or blister, ftol^, a 
pimple, 6e<0adk, a boll, ttie small-pox ; 0. R Utg, a 

BOO-BLUTEB, a The Bittern ; denominated fnm ito 
throsting ite bill into marshy places, and making a 
noise by bubbling through the water, Boxb. Ayzs. 
For the same reason it is called Miro4mm,ptr, 

BOChBUMPBR, «. Another name for the bittern, 
Boxb. PetUt of Man, ▼. HiauuMna, id. 8. B. 

BOGOABDB, «. A bogbear, AoUodb. A. Bor. &09- 
innri^ a spectre. 0. B. fmg^ larra, terrioolamentom. 

B0CK3IN, t. y. BooAX. 

BOChOLED, ft The mooi^bnisard, f aloo aerqglnosns, 

To B0GG-8GLENT, v. «. Apparently to avoid action, 
to abscond in the day of battle. OD<«a.— Perhaps in 
allusion to him who sfclentt or sMkes off obliquely 
firam the highway, intoatev, to wrold being taken 

BOOILL^ or, Boqls dbtmt the Staekti or simply, Bogle^ 
a play of children or young people, In which one 
hunts several others around the stacks of com in a 
bam-yazd, 8. Bogle about the btuh^ synon. Ritoon. 
— ^It seems the same game with that called Aarl^- 
tradett q. r. The name has probably originated 
^m the Idea of the huntsman employed being a 
scarecrow to the rest 

BOQILL, BooLB, fiooiL, «. 1. A spectre^ a hobgoblin, 
8. A. Bor. DougUu. 2. A sca r ecrow, a bugbear, 
8. 8ynon. doolie, cow; being used In both senses. — 
0. B. hugvUf fear, biogwly, to frighten. 

PoTATO-aooLB, «. A dcarecTOW erected among growing 
potatoes, 8. PotaiodMiie^ ^non. 8; Jk Cfwjf Man- 

BOOILL-BO, t. A hobgoblin or spectre, 8. JBewuoy. 
8. A pettish humour. FhUotui — In Uncolnsh. this 
word is used for a scarecrow, flrom bogiU, or C. B. 
do0e(-M, to affright, and boi a hobgoblin, q. "the 
affrighting goblin." 

To BOOLE, «. a. To terrify; to enchant , to bewitch 
or blind. M* WartTo ConUnd. 

BOGLE about the BuA. 8ynon. with BbgiU dbout ike 
Uadet, 8. ; used flguntively to denote drcumTentton. 

BOGLE-BAD, a4j' Afraid of apparitions or hobgoblins, 
Boxb. y. BooLB, and Bad, adj. afraid. 

BOGLIE, BocHLLT, BoooLT, adv. Haunted by hob- 
goblins, 8. Black Diporf. 

BOG-NUT, «. The Marsh Trefoil, MenyantfaestiifoUata, 
Linn. 8. Bogbean, B. 

BOGOGER, c. Perhaps coarse stockings, bog-kogen. 
Montgomerif. V. Hooaas. 

BOGSTALKBR, t. An idle, wandering, and stupid 
fellow ; one who seems to hare UtUe to do^ and no 
understanding, 8. Y. 8TALKBa. Aimiay.— Bor- 
rowed, perhaps, from outlaws, who were seen at a 
distance hunting in marshy places, where pursuit 
was more difficult ; or from people going into bogs or 
miry places in quest of the eggs of wild fowls. In 
doing so they carried a long pole with a flat piece of 
wood at the end of it to prevent it from sinking and 
enable them to step from one place to another ; in 

ddng vhioh they neeessarlly looked wistfully and 
doubtfully around them, like people who did not 
know what to do. 
BOT ART, BOTXXT, 9. A hoy ; a kind of ship. Aberd, 

Beg. Belg. 6oc(/er, Id. 
To BOICH (gutt.), «. ». To cough with diflloulty, 
lanarks, Flandr. poogk^nt niti, adlaborare. Y. 
BOIOH, f . A short, difficult eoogh, ibid. 
BOICUBB, «. One having a short, dlAenlt oovgb, 

BOIOHIM) «. A continuation- of ooqgUiv with diffi- 
culty, ibid. 
BOICHB^ «. A Und of pestllenoe. Perhaps fhma 

boickde, ^rtrtj, Abard. Beg. 
BOID, t, jraiOoiMl JPbesw.— Id. bode, a term used to 
denote a- wave agitated by the wind ; unda auuis cum 
vadosis soopulis luctsns. 
B0YD8. t.^. blackberries. Y. BaACXMms. 
B0YI8, «. 7» bojfit, in fetters. Barftoicr.— Teut. 
5oeye, oompes, pedica, vinculum ; ftoey-en, oompedire. 
BOIKIN, i. The piece of beef caUed the BriAet in B. 
BOIKIN, «. A bodkin, 8. Apparently a corr. of X. 
word, to avoid the hanhness- of two oonsonanai com- 
ing together. 
BOIL, f. The state of boiling ; At Ike boO, nearly 

bofUng, ft 
BOII4 9. The trunk of a tree, Lanarks. The same 
with E. boUf Bu. G. 60I, UL M-r, tnmcos artwris 
vel corporia 
BOIN, BOTX, BOTBX, Bownra, t. 1. A washing-tub, 
8. B. 2. A flat broad-bottomed vessel, into which 
milk Is emptied firom the pail, a bowynei Loth.— Un- 
less from Isl. bogtrm, cnrvus, or Dan; bugnro, to 
bend, as respecting its form : I cancffer no conjecture 
as to the origin. 
BOYNFXP, «. The fill of a tub or milk-vessel, 8. 
BOING, t. The act of lowing or bellowing, 8. Y. 

e^mon under Bv, Bus. 
B0I8, a4j. Hollow. Y. Bos. 

BOISBBT, t. A louse, Bttr. For. — Germ, beiteen, to 
bite, or beitt, a bite, and art ; q of a biting nature. 
B0I88BS. Y. Boss. Knoafs Siit. 
* 3b B0I8T, Boast, e. a. To threaten, to endeavour to 
terrify: 8. Xtoufflos.— G. B. boet-io, to vaunt one's 
self ; bottt vaunting ; tees, bote, elevation. 
B0I8T, BoBT, f. Threatening, 8. WaUaee. 
B0I8T, «. Box or chest. Aberd. Beg. Y. BviST. 
BOIT, t. 1. A cask or tub used for the purpose of 
curing butoher-meat, or for holding it after it is 
cured ; sometimes called a betf-boatt 8. 2. Used as 
equivalent to E. butC. Buddiman.—Qmm. butte ; 
Ital. boUe, id., whence E buU. 8n. G byttia, situla, 
cupa ; Teut ftotte. Id. dolium, orca, cupa. 
DOIT, BbTT, Borrr, «. A beat Aberd. Beg. 
B0IT8CHIPPING, t. ApparenUya company belong- 
ing to a boat Aberd. Reg. 
To ^BOm^ V. n. To enter into a boat ; to take boat, 
8. to boot Atti Jo. F/.— Teut 6oot, scapha, limbus, 
DOYTOUB, Burraa, t. The bittern. AcU Jo. F/.— 

O. E. buttour ; Belg. buttoor, a bird. 
To BOK, Book, v. a. 1. To vomit, 8. Oawanand 
CM. 2. To reteh, to incline to puke, 8. 3. To 
belch (eruetare), 8.— A. Bor. ftoXce, ftowfe, to nauseate, 
to be ready to vomit ; booaCf to retch, to keck, ttrid. 
Perhaps firom A. 8. bealo-aUt eruetare. It however 
has greater resemblance of jwifce, to which no etymon 
has been assigned. 




BOK, Book, Bookxio, t. The act of nftehlnff, 8. OdU, 

BOKXIK, ff. Bopeep, a game. The word la now in- 

Terted ; as Jbedbto, q. t. Ljfni$ajf, 
BOKS, 9. fl. "Comer teeth," 01. Bibb. MatOand 

To BOLDIN, BOLOTV, «. n. 1. To avell In a literal 
■cnee. DomgUu. 8. Traniferred to the mind, as 
denoting pride, oonn^re, wrath, Ac. Piiteottie. 

BOLDIN, BovLDBH. part pa. swelled. —Hiia la softened 
intotetMitii,6oimlm,8 Of ten in the jirel. and i»rl. 
it la written Mnys, swells, (Bong. T.) and bolnft. 
I hesitate whether these are oontr. firom boldimnjfi, 
Mdiimytt or the T. in another form, more nearly 
veaembling 8a. Q. fruin-o, Dan. but^ntr. So. O. 
bul^na, buta-iot id. boloinn, swollen. Henoe IsL 
bOgia, 8a. O. bolgia, a billow ; becaose it is raised 
by the wind; and bolda, a boil, a tamoar. Gael. 
huUg-amt to swell, ftnil^, a blister. 

BOLK, «. A square Aperture, Ac T. BOAU 

BOLE, t, A ball ; corresponding to Uiunu. Ibrdim. 
— Isl bomli, taoms, from btud-aj 8a. O. teef-o, 
mngire, whence also, 6ati^ mogitos. 

BOLGAN, f . A swelling that becomes a plffl])le; the 
same with Boqom^ Rozb. 

BOLGAN LEAVES, Nipplewort, an hexb, 8. B. Lap- 
aan* communis, Linn. — Perhaps firom Isl. ftol^-o, 
tamers, or 8a. G. &o(iKni», swollen, q. "swelling 
leaTee," as being sapposed by the rulgar in 8. to be 
efBcacioas in removing swellings. 

IV BOLTN, «. ». To Uy tacic aboard. MaiOand 
JPoant.— O. Tr. 5ol»f»-€r, to sail by a wind, or dose 
upon a wind. 

BOLL JAnUetdBM. Y. Bow. 

BOLLIT, pret. Perhaps, knocked on the head.— Belg. 
ftolicw, id. ; Teat 6eiiX^'e, soppliciam, tormentom. 

BOLLMAN, f. A cottager. Orkn. StatUt Aoc—Va- 
hups fh»n 8a. G. IsL 6o{, Tilla, and man, q. the in- 
habitant of a Tillage. It is always pronoonced Uno- 

BOIjME, «. A boom, a waterman's pole. DomgUu.-^ 
Geim. ftoMM, B«lg. teoei, a tree. 

BOLNYNG, «. Swelling. Hmrymm€. Y. Boldiv. 


BOUTEB, «. That part of a mill in whlchihe azletree 
moves, 8. 

BOMACIE, i. Perhaps, thunder ; thunderstorm, Ayn. 

BOMARISKIE, «. An herb, the roou of which taste 
exactly like licorice ; perhapo the Astmgalus gly- 
cypbillus of Linn. Upp. Glydes. 

B0MBB8IB, «. Bombesin ; a stuff. AtUJa. VI, 

BOMBILL, $. Bussing noise ; metaph used for boast- 
ing. Polioart— Teat testmeltf, a drone. 

BOMESPAR, «. Asparofalaigerkind. 8o. G. torn 
signifies obex, rectis. a bar or spar for a gate, or for 
shutting in ; Teat 6oosft, Germ. 6aiM», id. 

BOH ILL, «. Perhaps a cooper's' instrument, q. wimble. 
Aberd Reg. 

To BOMMLS, V. «. To woric confosedly, Ayn. 
Pidcem. Y. BuMMtL, «. 

BON. Borrowed, be^^ed; "He that trusts to him 
plouglui, will have his land lye lasy," 8. Prov. — IkI. 
6on, gratis acceptlo, mendicatio ; 8u. G. 6oen, pieces. 
Henoe, peiiiaps, E. boon, 

BON, «. Apparently, bane, injury. WaUaot. 

BON ACCORD, «. 1. Agreement, amity. S. A tenn 
which seems to hare been fonnerly used by way of 
toast, as ezpressive of amity and kindness. SpaXd- 
Img. S. The motto of the town's arms, by which 

term Aberdeen is fondly named by her iooa.— Vr. 
(on, good, and oeooni, agreement. 
B0NALAI8, BoKAiUB, Bojwailub, t. A drink taken 
with a friend, when one is about to part with him ; 
as expresslTe of one's wishing him a prosperoas 
Journey, 8. WaUaee —li is now generally pnm. 
tonaiUis, 8. Bonaiaii might seem to be the plnr. 
But periiaps it merely retains the form of Fr. Bon 

BONDAGE, BoxHAOi, «. The designation given to the 
services due by a tenant to the proprietor, or by a 
cottager to the fkrmer, Angus. Agr. Sun. Kineard, 

BONDAT WABKI8. The time a tenant or vassal is 
bound to work for the proprietor. Y. Bobhaoi, t. 

BONE, 9. A petition, a pmyer. DougUu. O. E. id. 
Isl. ftaen, precatio, oratio ; toon, petitio, gratis ao- 
ceptlo, mendlcailo, G. Andr. A 8 ben, bene, Id. 

BONETT, 9. " A small sail, fixed to the bottom or 
aides of the great sails, to accelerate the ship^s way 
in calm weather." GL Compl. DougUu.—Wr. bo»- 
neUe, 8w. bonet, id. 

BON-GRAdE, «. 1. A laige bonnet worn by females. 
2. A coarse straw-hat, of their own manufacture, 
worn by the female peasantiy* Boxb. Ouy Mammer' 

BON IB, Bouts, Bomnr, adj. 1. Beautiful, pretty, & 
JTattland Foem9. Bonieet, most beautiful. Monl- 
gomerie. 2. It is occasionally used ironically, in the 
same way with B. prettjf, 8. PrinU of PMU. 8. 
Precious, Toluable. Min9trdsjf Border. Bonnf is 
used in the same sense by Sbakspeare, and since his 
time by some other E. writen. But I snq>ect that it 
is properiy 8. Johnson deriTCS It from Pr. ban, bomne, 
good. This is by no means satlsfactoty ; but we must 
confess that we cannot substitute a better e^rmon. 

B0NTNB8, BovmrKBSS, f. Beauty, handsomeness. 
Pkilohu. Herdr9CoU. 

BON^j. A bank. Dou^Iof.— Pr6babIyoorr. fkom A. 
8. bene. Isl. bunga, hoi^eTer, signifies tumor terrae. 

BONKER, 9. A bench. *c Y. Bonus. 

BONNACK C KNAB8HIP. A certain duty paid at a 
mill, Ayn. This Is the bonnaek due to the senrant, 
(knave). Y. Ksawsbip. 

BONN AGE, 9. An obligation, on the part of the tenant, 
to cut down the proprietor's com. Sttitist. Ace.-^ 
ETidently a corr. of Bondage, q. t. 

BONNAGE-HEUK, «. A tenant bound by the tenns of 
his lease to reap, or use his hook, for the pro|Hletor 
In harrest Aberd. 

BONN AGE-PEATS, t . pi. Peats which, by his lease, a 
tenant is bound to furnish to the proprietor, ib. 

BONNAR, 9. " A bond," Gl Popular BaU. 

BONNET. Y. Whits Bohxst. 

BONNET. Blue Bonnet. This, in former times, In 
Terlotdale at least, was used as a chann, especially 
for warding off the cTil influence of the fkiries. " An 
nnchristened child was considered as In the most 
imminent danger, should the mother, while on the 
stnw, neglect the precaution of having the blue 
bonnet worn by her husband constantly beside her. 
When a cow happened to be seised with any sudden 
disease (the cause of which was usually ascribed to 
the malignant influence of the fairies), she was said 
to be elf-shot ; and it was reckoned as much as her 
life was worth not to * dad her wi' the blue bonnet.* 
* It's no wordle a dad of a bonnet,* was a common 
phrase when expressing contempt, or alluding to any- 
thing not worth the trouble of repairing." — Edin. 
Mag., April, 1820. 





3b Fill mu^B Bonm. To be equal to one In any re- 

■pect ; aa, ** HeHl ne'er fill hUtemiee," he will never 

natch him, 8. OULMcrtalUv- . 
To Kiva one's Boxnr. To excel one In erery reipeet 

*'Maj he Hne hie f<Uhet*9 bannetr May he be 

Bupettor to hia twther ; orfather-beUer. 
BOMNBT-FLBUK, f. The Pearl, a flab. NeiU'a List 

BONNET-LAIBD, Bmnr-LAiai), t. A yeoman ; a 

petty proprietor ; one who Canns his own land. Synon. 

Ooek-Laird. The EntaU. 
BONNET-PDBCS, s. ▲ gold coin of James T. ; so 

called, becanae on it the King is rapnsented weaiing 

a bonnet. Monastery, 
BONNT, Bom o'T. ▲ small qnantitj of anything. 

*' The bonie o^l," Benflr. Boxb. 
BONNILDB, adv. BeaatifoUy, S. Burnt. 
BONNT-DIB, t. 1. A toy ; a tzlnket, Loth. JLnli^ 

quary. 2. Applied to money, as haring the Influence 

of a gewgaw on the eye. Heart ofMidrLo/Qi. Y. 


BONNIB WALLIES^ «. jrf. Gewgaws. Tha Pirate, 
V. Wilt, t. a toy. 

BONMIVOOHIL^ t. The Great Northern BiTer, Oolym- 
bns glacialia, Linn. 

BONNOCK, «. Aaortofcake, Ayrs. Bttrm. Synon. 

BONOOH, i. "A binding to tie a cow's hind lc«8 
when she is a-milking." jr«By. 

BONOnB»t. Perhaps, bond. V. Boihib, 

BONSPBL, BoxBPiiLL, «. 1. A match at areheiy. Pit- 
toottie, 2. A match, at the diyersloo of curling on 
the ice, between two o|^osite parties, 8. Chraeme. 
8. A match of any kind ; as at golf, foot-ball, or eren 
at fighting, ^terd.— Belg. bonne, a Tillage, a d^trlct, 
and epd, play ; because the inhabitants of different 
Tillages or districts contend with each other in this 
qwrt, one pariah, for example, challenging another. 
Or, the flrat syUable may be traced to Su. G. bonde, 
an husbandman. Stat. Ace. P. Muirkirk. Y. Cubl. 

B0NT£, s; a thing useful or adTantageous ; a benefit 
— Fr. id. BeUenden, 

BONXIB, «. The name glTen to the Skua Gull, Shetl. 

BOO, Bow, t. A term sometimea oaed to denote a 
manor-Louse, or the principal farm-house, or a 
Tillage, in ccotj unction with the proper name, Ang. 
— Su. G. 6o, Isl. bu, boo, domicilium, a house or 
dwelling, also, a Tillage ; Moes. G. baua, id. In the 
Orkney Islands, where the Gothic was long preserTed 
in greater purity than in our country, the principal 
fiurm-houae on an estate, or in any particular district 
of it, Is in a great many instances called the BoU or 
Bo¥>. Barry. 

BOODIS-BO, t. A bugbear; an ol^ect of tenor, 
Abeid. Synon. Bu, Boo. 

BOODEES, pi. Ghosts, hobgoblins^ Abeid. Journal 
Xond.— It might be deduced tram A. 8. boda, a 
messenger, firom bodian, to declare, to denounce. 
But it seems to be rather originally the same with 0. 
B. bugudhai, hobgoblins, Oael. bodadi, a ghost 

To BOOFF, V. a. To strike, property with the hand, so 
as to produce a hollow sound, Fife. 

BOOFF, 9. A stroke causing a hollow sound, Ibid. 
Bafft synon. V. Burr, «. and «. 

BOOHOO. An inteijectlon expressiTe of contempt^ ac- 
companied with a protjecticm of the lips, Boxb. 

BOOHOO, «. I wouldna gl'e a bookoo for you, ibid. 

To BOOHOO, V. n. To show contempt in the mode 

described aboTe, Ibtd.— Belg. bekck, a noiae, a boast 
BOOIT, «. A hand-lanthom. ▼. Bown. 
To BOOK, BsuK, o. a. To register a oonple In the kiik- 
aeasion reoorda for the proclamation of the banns, 8. 
BOOKING, «. This act of rvcotdlng is termed Hkt 

booking, Fife. 
BOOL, 9. A semicircular handle, to. Bool of a pint- 

itoup. T. BouL. 
BOOL, «. A contemptuous term toe a man, especially 
If adTanoed in years. It is often coA]olned with an 
epithet; as, '*an auld boot,** an old round or corpu- 
lent feUow, 8.— Su. G. M, the trunk of the body, as 
distinguished firom the head and feet 
To BOOL, Bulb, «. n. 1. To weep, in a childish 
manner, with a continued humming sound, Boxb. 
2. To sing wretchedly, with a low, drawling note. 
Hogg.—ItL bemlra ; Su. G. bol-a, mugiro ; 8w. teef-o, 
to low, to bellow. 
BOOL-HOBNBD, o^f . Penrerae, obstinate, inflexible. 
8. apparently from the same origin with Bools.-— 
Boolie-homed, Border, and W. of 8. A. Bor. bnMo- 
home, short crooked horns turned horisontally in- 
BOOL of a Keg. The sound annular part of a key, \rj 

means of which it is turned with the hand, 8. 
BOOLS qf a Pot, e. pi. Two crooked instruments of 
iron, linked together, uaed for lifting a pot by the 
ears, 8. ; also called cttfjw.— Teut boghel, numeUa ; 
Genn. bugel, anything that is dronlar or curTcd. 
BOOLTIS, $. A loud threatening noise, like the bel- 
lowing of a bull, Ettr. For. Apparently of the same 
origin as the T. Bool ; the B. v. To Bawl, seems a 
cognate term. 
BOON <^Lint. V. Bmrx. 

BOON tffShearen. A band of reapers ; aa many aa a 
farmer employe, Bumft. Loth.— lal. buandi, rurieola, 
buanda, ciTea, from burCk, habltara ; Su. G. 6o, id. 
BOON-DINNER, t. The dinner giTen on the harTest- 

field to a band of reapera, 8. Bladno. Mag. 
BOONBR, o4S. Upper, Loth. (ComparatiTe dc«ree.) 
200NBRM0ST, adj. Uppermost (SuperlatlTe.) Jo- 

cdrite Bdiee. Y. BoomioaT. 
BOONliOST, adj. Uppermost, 8., pron. bunemiet. 

Boet.—Ji. B. bu/a$i, buftm, aboTe, and moet. 
BOOBICK, f. A shepherd's hut Y. BouaAOX. 
BOOST, V. imp. BehoTed. Y. Boot, v. imp. 
BOOST, t. A box. Y. Bmsr. 
BOOT, BOUT, e. A sicTC, Boxb. Apparently corr. 

fhmi E. belt, to sift, whence boUer, a slere. 
BOOT, But, Bonn, Bit, Bun, Boost, v. imp. BehoTed, 
was under a neceasity of, 8. ; He boot to do such a 
thing ; he could not aTold it It bit to be; it was 
necessary that this should take place. JSoss. Bume. 
— Bum and bud occur in the same sense in Twain e 
and Gawin. It is a cont of ftdUwed, Belg. 6dko^, 
BOOT-HOSE, i. pi. Coarse ribbed worsted hose, with- 
out feet, flxed by a flap under the buckle of the shoe, 
and corering the breeches at the knee ; formerly worn 
instead of boots, 8. Synon. Gramaahee. Heart qf 
BOOTTEB, 9. A glutton. Y. Btoutoue. 
BOOTS, Boom, 9. pi. An Instrument of tortura for- 
merly used in 8. ; being a kind of iron boot in which 
the leg was placed and into which wedges were 
driTcn to extort confession of eriminallty. Cro^ 
BOOTIKIN, 9. DiminutlTe of the aboTO. 




BOOZTt aJdf. Bushy. Y. Boubt. 
BOH, BoiB, BoKBf «. 1. A uudl hol« or ereTioe ; a 
place used for shelter, especially by smaller animals, 
8. Sir Trittrem. 2. An opening in the cloods, 
when the dcy is thick and gloomy, or daring rain, Is 
called a N«e bore, S. It is sometimes need metaph. 
BaOlie. 8. To tdk in, or up a bore, to begin to re- 
form one's conduct, Meama. ; synon. with " turning 
over a new leaf."— So. G. Qeim. bor, terebra ; Isl. 
bora, foramen ; A. 8. bor-ian, to pierce. 
BORAQB GBOT, t. A kind of groat, or foorpenny 
piece, formerly current in 8. Perhaps so denomi- 
nated ftom the use of bonu ai an alloy.— Teat bora- 
ffie, buglossa. 
BO&AIf, BoBiXJi, BoBBLL, «. A wimble ; an instrument 
for btnring, one end of which Is placed on the breast, 
Teylotd. Hence called a brtatt-bore, Olydea— 8a. G. 
Isl. bor, terebrum, whence bora, the criflce made, 
from bof^a, perforare ; Tent ftoor-en, id. 
BORAL HOLB^ «. A hole made by a wimble, Selklrics. 

BORAXr-TBEK, t. The handle of a wimble, Teviotd. 
To BOBCH, BoaoH, v. a. To give a pledge or securi^ 

for ; to ball. Wattaoe, 

BOBOH, BoBOB, BowmoB, Boaow, $. 1. A surety. 

The term properly denotes a person who becomes bail 

for another, for whateTer purpose. Wallace. 2. A. 

pledge ; anything laid in pawn. Airftoiir.— The 

term occurs in both senses in O. X. A. 8. borg bork, 

flde-Jnsaor ; also^ foenus ; Genn. bmvti a pledge.— 

8u. G. borgen, suretishlp. Ihre deriyes 8u. G. and 

Isl. borfha, to become surety, from ftav-o, a pericalo 

toeri, to protect tnia danger. The idea is certainly 

most natural : for what is soretiship, bat wariantlng 

the M^f^ of any person or thing f 

L4TTur TO BoBOB. Laid in pledge. Lattin is the part. 

pa. of the V. Lai, to let ; to lay.— Teat laeten M^n, 


To Stebb, or Stbtb a Bobob. To enter into suretiship 

or cautionary on any ground. Actt Ja. I. 
BOBD, t. I. A broad hem or welt, 8. . 2. The edge or 
border of a woman's cap, 8.— Vr. bord ; Belg. board, 
a welt, a hem, or selyage ; IsL bard, bitrd, the eztre- 
mitj or maigin. 
BOBD ALBXANBEB, f . Aklndofclothnumaftctured 

at Alexandria and other towns in Bgypt 
MoBTHis BoBD, i. Apparently the ridge or longitodinal 
summit of a mountain. — Isl. bord, a nuugin or ex- 
BORDBL^ «. A brothel, Dunbar.— Pr. bordd, id. ; Su. 
G. A. 8. bord, a house. The dimin. of this, Ihre says, 
was L. B. btrddluM, bordH-e, toguriolum, ci^us ge* 
Beds quom oUm meretricum stabula assent 
BORDILLAB,*. A haunter of brothela. BdUnden. 
BORE, I. A crcTice. Y. Bob. 

BOBPS (or BOAR'S) SABS, t. pi. The name giren to 
the Auricula, 8. B. Primula auricula, Xann.— A bear 
is esUed a boar, 8., especially 8. B. 
BOBBAU, «. An executioner. Y. Bubio. 
BOIUG.TBJEB, t. Sambaoos nigra. Y. BoOBtbbb. 
BOBGCHT, «. A surety. Abertk Beg. Y. Bobob. 
BOBOH, f. A sore^. Y. Bobob. 
BORN, Wdaaee.—Bom may hare some affinity to Isl. 
bcrgim ; Bo. G. borgen, soretiship ; q. one under con- 
tmet or obligation. 
BORNJB-DO WN, part. a4g. Depresaed In body, In mind, 

or in external droamslaaces, 8. 
BORN-HBAD, adv. Btrslght forwaid in an Impetooas 
manner, Bttr. Vor. ; ^ynoa. Horn-head. PeriU q/Man. 

BOBNS-HSAD, a^. Headlong ; Airious, Upp. Clydes. 
— Perhaps firom Tout bor-en ; A. 8. beter-en, (oUere, 
lerare, prae se ferre ; A. 8. boren, part pa. q. with 
the head borne, or carried before, or pushing forward, 
like a batting oz. 

BORNB-MAD, adj. Furious. Upp. Clydes. 

B0RN8HXT, t. A composition for protection firom 
being plundered by an army. Monro** J?xped.— Tent 
borgh-en, in tutum recipere, serrare. Perhaps formed 
ftom 8w. borgen, oail, security, and tkatt-a, to rate,* 
to yaloe ; or Teat borgk-en, and tchaU-en, to tax, 
whence tekatting, taxation. 

BOBOW, t. 1. A surety. 2. A pledge. Aberd. Seg, 


BORRA, BoBBAOB, «. A congeries of stones coTering 
cells, about 6 feet longy 4 broad, and 4 or 6 feet high, 
Highlands of 8. 

BORRAL TREB, t. Bapposed the Bourtree, or com- 
mon elder, as boys bore it for their popguns. 

BORREL^ «. An instrument for piercing; a borer, 
8. A. BaUt. Y. Bobal. 

BORRET, $. A term andentty giren to bombadn in 
8.— Belg. bonU, "a certain light staff of silk and 
fine wool," 8eweL 

To BORROW, BoBW, v. a. 1. To give security for ; 
implied to property. WynUnon. 2. To become 
surety for ; applied to a person. Baron Ontrte.— 
8a. G. borg-a, id. 

To BORROW one, to uige one to drink, Ang. Perhaps 
tnmborg-en, to pledge. When one pledffet another 
in company, he engages to drink after him ; and in 
ancient times it was generally understood, that he 
who pledged another, waa engaged to drink an equal 

BORROWGANGB, BoBBOWoiJiQ, t. A state of sureti- 
ship. Beg. Mag.Su. G. edgaang, laggaang, are 
rendered by Ihre, actus Jurandi, from gaa, ire ; bor- 
rowgange vaaj thus be merely the act of going or 
entering as a surety. 

BORROWING DAY8. The last throe days of March, 
Old S^le, 8. Comptaunt S. — These days being gene- 
mlly stormy, our forefathers haTO endeaToured to 
account for this circumstance, by pretending that 
March borrowed them from April, that he might ex- 
tend his power so much longer. Those who are moch 
addicted to sopentition will neiUier boirow nor lend 
on any of these days, lest the articles boirowed should 
be employed for the purposes of witchcraft against 
tiie lenders. Some of the Tulgar imagine, that these 
days recelTed their designation from the conduct of 
the Israelites in borrowing the property of the 

BORROW-MAILL, Bubbow-Mail, t. Annual duty 
payable to the Sorereign by a burgh foi enjoying cer- 
tain rights. Actt Ja, VI, Y. Mail, tribute. 

BORBOWBTOtJN, <. A royal boroi«h, 8. GaU. 

BORROWBTOUN, adj. Of or belonging to a boroogh, 

B08,'Bofl8, Bois, <i<i(f. 1. Hollow, 8. Douglas. *'A 
boet sound,'* that which is emitted by a body that is 
hollow, 8. 2. SmpQr. A shell, without a kernel, is 
said to be bote. The word is also used to denote the 
state of the stomach when it is empty, or after long 
abstinence, 8. Morieon. 3. In the same sense,. it is 
metaph. appUed to a weak or ignorant person. One 
is said to be " nae boee man," who has a considerable 
share of understanding, 8. B. Banuajf. 4. Applied 
to a person emaciated by internal disease. 6. A 
laige window foimiag a recess; a bay window, or 




how wlndov. PUieoUU. 6. Poor; destttoto of 
woridly sttbsUnoe, 8. B. Aw.— Teat ftoise, nmbo. 
B08KIS, ad/. Tipsj, Loth.— Tent. buf», ebrio, bfngt- 

«»f pocnllB Indttlgere. 
BOSKILL, t. An openinf In the middle of a tteek of 
com, mftde by pieces of wood fattened at the top, 
Boxb. Byn. VAuaiBoroi. Peihapa from its resem- 
blance to a kiln, or kMj in form, and baTlng nothing 
vithln it ; q. a bou or empty kiU. 
BOSS, Booi, «. Anything hoUoir. Burd. 
BOSS qf the Side. The hoUoir betireen the ribs and the 

haunch, S. 
BOSS of the Body. The forepart, from the chest 
downwards to the loins ; a phmse now almost ob- 
solete, 8. 
BOSS, Bous, t. 1. A sman cask. PiUooUU. 2. It 
seems to denote a bottle, peihaps one of earthen 
ware, such as Is now yulgarly called a grajf-beard. 
Jhknbar. 8. Inpl. bones, ftoiitet, a term of contempt, 
conjoined with auid, and applied to persons of a de- 
spicable or worthless character. Kno». — Vrom Vr. 
6o<re, to drink, whence froiisofii drink, or tacste, a 
cask for holding wlnea 
B06SINS, t. Vacancies In oom-stacks, for the admis- 
sion of air to preserve the grain from being heated, 
Lanarka From Boa^ hollow. Y. Vacbi-Housb. 
BOSSNBSS, «. 1. HoUowness, S. 2. Emptiness, often 

applied to the stomach, S. 
BOT, eof^. Bat, often confoanded with ftuf, prep, 
signifying without J>ou0Uu.—A. 8. huUtn, bwton, 
are used precisely as 8. 6w(, withoat 
BOTAND, BoT-AXD, prep. Besides. Percy. 
BOT AND, adv. 1. But if; except Barbour. 2. 
Moreover ; besidea MaiOand Poemt.—ln the latter 
sense, it is from A. 8. frirfan, praeter. 
BOTANO, s. A piece of linen dyed blue. Vr. boutant, 

a stuff which is made at Hontpellier. 
BOTGARD, f. A sort of artiUety used In 8. in the 
reign of Ja. V. PiUooUie.^Tht same instmmenU 
seem to be afterwards called battar$t lb. Fr. boo- 
tarde^ "a demie-canuon, or demie-culrerin ; a smaller 
piece of any kind,*' Cotgr. 
BOTE, BuTi, 9. 1. Help ; advantage ; E. boot, Doug. 
2. Compensation ; satisfaction ; Acts Pari, pass.— 
A. 8. bote, id., from bet-an, emendare, restaurare; 
Belg. boetet a fine, a penalty. 
Kw-BOTB, compenaaUon, or " asslthment for the 
slaughter of a kinsman f Skene, Teib. Sign. — A. 8. 
cyn, cognatio, and bote. 
MAM-Bora, the compensation fixed by the law for killing 
a maUf according to the rank of the person. lb. — 
A. 8. man-te(, id. 
TBBirr-BOTB, compensation made to the king for theft. 

Reg. Maj. 
To BOTHER, v. n. To make many words. Burnt. 
BOTHER, «. The act of teasing or rallying, by dwell- 
ing on the same subject, 8. 
To BOTHER, BATBsa, r. a. To tease one by dwelling 
on the same subject, or by continued solicitation, 8. 
Perhaps the same with E. Pother. 
BOTHIE, Boots, Bdith, «. A shop made of boards ; 
either fixed or portable, 8. Douglas. — Hence the 
Luckenboothe of Edinburgh, wooden shops, made for 
being locked up. Tent boedCy bode, domuncula, casa, 
Kilian ; Su. Q. bod, tabcma mercatorum, apotheca ; 
Isl. bud, id. Y. LuoKBR. 
BOTHIE, BooTHiB, «. 1. A cottage ; often used to de- 
note a place where labouring servants are lodged, 8. 
Neill. 2. It sometimes denotes a wooden hut Ja- 

eehiU AMei.— 8a. O. bod, a house, a ootti«« ; Gad. 
boOkatf, boAaim, a cot 
BOTHIK-MAN, t. Equivalent to E. kind, and bor-'* 
rowed from the drenmstanco of hinds inh*MUiij 
boauv, Perths. 
BOTHNB, BOTHBHB, t. 1. A parte In which cattle are < 
fed and enclosed. Skene, 2. A barony, lordship, 
or sherifldom. Aegit. Beg. Am*.— L. B. botkenot 
barenia, ant teiritorium. 
BOTINYS, «. pi. Buskins; Gl. Bibb.— Vr. botime, 

cothurnus. Y. Boitiko. 

BOTION,«. Botching, Dumfr. Mayn^t SOier Gtm. 

To BOTTLE or BATTLE 8TRAB. To make up straw 

into small paroels, bottles, or ufindlina, S. Battle Is 

the pron. of Loth.— Fr. botel-er, to make into bandies. 

BOTTLE-NOSE, «. A species of whale, & Orkney. 

• BOTTOM, «. The breech ; the seat in the hamaa 

body, 8. Y. Bodddm. 
BOTTOM-ROOM, «. The name vulgarly given to the 
space occupied by one sitter in a choreh, 8. When 
one's right to a single seat is expressed, it is said that 
one " has a bottom^room in this or that pew.** The 
BOTTREL, adj. Thick and dwaiflsh, Aberd. 
BOTTREL, t. A thickset, dwaiflsh person, ibid.- Fr. 
bouteroUe, the shape of a scabbaid, the tip that 
strengthens the end of it ; Isl. 6H<-r, truncus, bml-a, 
BOTWAND, t. Perhaps a rod of authority or power ; 
from Germ, tot, power, and toaiMl, a rod. Ortohoaiul 
may be the rod of a messenger, from A. 8. ; Su. G. 
bod, a message ; A. 8. bod-ian ; Su. G. 6o^ nun- 
tiare. — In ancient times, among the Gothic nations, 
when the men capable to bear arms were summoned 
to attend their general, a messenger was sent, who 
with the greatest expedition was to carry a rod 
through a oert^n district, and to deliver it in another ; 
and so on till all quarters of the country wera warned. 
This rod had certain marks cut on it which were 
often unknown to the messenger, but intelligible to 
the principal persons to whom he was sent These 
marks indicated the time and place of meeting. The 
rod was burnt at the one end, and had a rope affixed 
to the other ; as intimating the fate of those who 
should dis(>bey the summons, that their bouses should 
be burnt iuad that they should themselves be hanged. 
This was called, Su. G. budk€^fle, from bud, a mes- 
sage, and kajle, [8. cavel] a rod. The Oroittara, or 
fire-cross, aacienUy sent round through the High- 
lands, was a signal of the same kind. 
BOUGHT, BoooHT, s. A curvature, or bending of any 
kind, 8. "The bought of the arm,** the bending of 
the arm at the elbow. Jaum Land. Where the sea 
forms a sort of bay, it is said to have a bought, 8. 
Bight, E. — A. 8. bogeht, arcuatus. crooked ; bug-an, 
to bend ; Genu, bug, sinus ; budU, curvatum litoris, 
To BOUGHT, BovoHT, «. a. To fold down, 8.— Isl. 

bukt-a ; Teut 6Mefc-«n, flectere, cnrvare. Hence, 
BOUGHTING-BLANKET, g. A small blanket Uid 
across a feather-bed, and tucked up under it on both 
sides, to prevent it from spreading out too much, as 
well as to secure the occupier of the bed against the 
chillness of the tick, or any dampness contracted by 
the feathers, 8. ; called also a Binding-Blanket. 
BOUOHT-KNOT, t. A running knot ; one that can 
easily be loosed, in consequence of the cord being 




BOITCHT, BouoBT, Buobt, Bvoht, c. 1. A small pen, 
uanally pot up in the corner of the fold, Into which it 
wiis custoinAiy to drive the ewes when they were to be 
milked ; alao ciUed ewe-ftudkt, S. DrntoUu. 2. A 
house in which sheep are encloMd, Lanyks. ; an im- 
proper sense. Stat, Ace 8. A square seat in a 
church ; a table-seat, S. BvdU-»eat^ id., Aberd.— 
Teni. bodU^ budU^ septum, septa, interseptum, sepi- 
mentam clausum. 
To BOUGHT, Bought, v. o. 1. To enclose in a fold ; 
properly ewes for milking, 8. ; formed from the ». 
Ron. 2. To enclose by means of a fence, or f(ur sheltei. 
B«nfr. TannahUl. 
BOUGHT-CURD. The droppings of the sheep that 
frequently fall into the milk-pail, but are taken out 
by the ewe-milkers, Roxb. 
BOUGHTINChTlBiB, BouoHTiHO-TiMa, t. That time 
in the eyening when the ewes are milked. Her^i 
To BOITFV, V. a. To beat, Fife. It seems merely a 

▼axlety of Buff^ «. a. Y. Boor. 
To BOUTF, Bowr, «. n. 1. To baik, Loth., Aberd. 
Applied to the hollow sound made by a laige dog, 
Fife ; syn. Wauff and Tovff. This is opposed to 
to Tc^fifnOi which denotes the barking <rf a small dog. 
2. To cough loud, Aberd. It is often coi^oined with 
the o. to Hott. 
BOUFF, Bowr, a^ 1. The act of barking. 2. A loud 

cough, Aberd. 
BOUGABS, t. p{. Gross spars, forming part of the 
roof of a cottage, used instead of laths, on which 
wattling or twigs are placed, and abore these diw^y 
and then the stiaw or thatch, 8. Ckr. Kirk.— 
Linoolns. buUaxr^ a beam ; Dan. MoeUw, pi. Melcfccr, 
beams. Su. Qt. bialke, a small rafter, Ugillum, in 
Westro-Goth. is written bolkur. 
BOUGAB-STAKBS, t. fi. The lower part of eouples, 
or rafters, that were set on the ground in old houses, 
Teriotd. Y. Bouoaes. 
BOUGAB-STIGKS, «. pi. Strong pieces of wood fixed 
to the oouplet, or rafters, of a house by wooden pina 
BOUGB. BouoU, pi. Perhaps some kind of coffers 
or boxes, like Fr. bcuffeUtj from bouge, a budget, or 
great pouch.— Tent, bocgie^ bulga. 
BOUGEB, t. A sea-fowl and bird of passage of the 
sise of a pigeon, found tn St Kilda and the other 
Western Isles, where it is called CotUUmeb. Martin's 
St. KUda. — Perhaps from Isl. bufftt curratuia, as 
the upper jaw is crooked at the point 
BOUGHT, «. The name given to a fishing-line in 
Shetland of about fifty (kthoms. — Ban. bugt, a wind- 
ing, the line being so termed flrom its forming a coil 
on being wound up. Y. Bought, a currature. 
BOUGHTIE, BnoHTii, t. A twig ; dim. of E. Bough, 

Ayra. Picken. 
BOUGIE, s. A bag made of aheep-skln, Sheti.— Moes. 

0. halg ; Su. G. baelgf uter. 
BOUGUIS, t. A posy ; a nosegay, Ayrs.— Fr. bouquet, 

BOUK, I. A lie made of cows' dung and stale urine or 
soapy water, in which foul linen is steeped, in order 
to its being cleansed or whitened, 8. Periiaps 
origlDaUy firom A. 8. buoe ; Isl. buk-^ur, venter, alvus, 
frtnn the lie being composed of animal excrements ; 
for in Tent buyck-en, lintea lixivio pmgare, retains 
tbe precise form of fruydk, venter. As, however, 
llDeas are frequently beat with a wooden mallet to be 
cleansed, others have derived this word from Su. G. 
bwk-a; Belg. baiek-en, to beat or strike. 

BOUKING-WASHIKG, Boukit-washivo, t. The great 
annual purification of the fkmily linen by means of 
this lie, 8. Heart Mid-Loth. 
BOUGKING, «. The quantity of clothes booked at one 

time. Hogift Brownie of Bodebeck. 
To BOUK, V. a. To steep foul linen in lie of this kind. 

To bouk daise, S. €flenfergui. 
BOUK, BuiK, «. 1. The trunk of the body, as dis- 
tinguished from the head or extremis, 8. A bouk 
qftauckj all the tallow taken out of an ox or cow, 8. 
Germ, bauck wn talge, id. A bouk louse, one that 
has been bred about the body.— Teut fteuefe, truncus 
corporis. 2. The whole body of a man, or carcase of 
a beast, 8. Douglas. " I likena a bane in his bouk," 
a strong expression of dislike. 8. The body, as con- 
tradistinguished from the soul. B. Bruce. 4. Sise, 
stature, 8. bulk ; Boukthj bulk, Gl. Lancash. J. 
Niool. 6. The greatest share, the principal part, 8. 
Cldand. 0. The whole of any bale, caak,^ fasort- 
ment of goods. 
To Bbbax Buik. To open goods and use a portion of 

them. Aberd. Beg. 
To BOUK, «. fi. To bulk, 8. Hence, 
BOUKIT, BowKiT, BowKXD, part, pa, 1. Large, bulky ; 
8. Douglas. 2. Boukit and mudeU-boukit are used 
in a peculiar sense ; as denoting the appearance which 
a pregnant woman makes, after her shape b^ins to 
LiTTLi-BonKiT, part. adj. 1. Small in siae ; puny, 8. 
2. Thin ; meagre, 8. 8. Of little consideration, re- 
gard, or consequence; applied to persons only, 
MucxLi-BouKiT, pairt, adj. 1. Large In sise, 8. 2. 
Denoting the appearance which a pregnant woman 
makes, Ac. — Bouky, may be originally the same with 
Su. G. bukig, obesus, qui magniun abdomen habet 
BOUKSUM, BuKBUM, BouKT, adj. 1. Of the same 
sense with Boukit, 8. Poems Budkan Dialect. 2. 
Honourable ; possessing magnitude in a moral sense. 
Je. Bruce. 
BOUKE, s. A sdlitade. Sir Oawan and Sir Oal.—A. 
8. buee, secessus, ** a solitary and secret place," Som- 
BOUL, Bool, Bulh, t. 1. Any thing that is of a curved 
form ; as, " the bool of the aim," when it Isbent, i. e. 
the curvature ; synon. bought, 8. 2. The round holes 
in scissors in which the thumb and finger are put, 
Ac. Y. BooLS. 8. A semicircular handle ; as that 
of a bucket or pot, ftc., 8. 
BOUL 0' a Pint-stoup, Bool of a Tea-ketOe ; the handle 
of either of these vessels. To came to ike hand like 
tkeboul o' apint'Stoup, a proverbial expresdon, in- 
dicating any thing that takes place as easily and 
agreeably as the handle of a drinking vessel comes to 
the hand of a tippler. Gl. Antiquary. 
BOULDBN, part, pa. Swelled ; inflated. Y. Bouus. 
BOULE, " Bound," Rudd. Douglas.^Te\ii. bol, tumi- 
dus, turgidus ; or boghd, beughel, ourvatuxa semicir- 
cularis, firam bogh-en, arcuare. 
BOULE, s. A dear opening in the clouds in a dark, 
rainy day, prognosticating fair weather ; a gap ; a 
break.— G. B. telcfc and bwUk, a break, a breach ; or 
perhaps a peculiar use of Boal, Boli, a perforation. 
BOULENA. A sea cheer, signifying. Hale up the 

bowlings. Comptaynt S. 
BOULENE, s. The same with E. bowline. A 
rope fastened to the middle part of the outside 
of a sail. Complaynt S.—Sw. bog4ina, Id. from 
bog flexus. 





BOULTILL BAum. Bridle-nliu of loine k]nd.«- 
Peitiaps txfxm O. Vr. bouUeUe, oomkmt, Jodte ; q. such 
reins m were used in toumaments. 

BOUNt Bomn, Bows, a<^. Beady, prepared, 8. 
Bmtfmr. — Bene is used in the same sense, O. E. — 
Bo. G. to, to-o, to prepare, to make ready ; Isl. fru^, 
id. Bom or boin Is the part pa. 

To BOUN, Bomi, V. a. 1. To make ready, to prepare. 
WaUaoe, 2. To go, to direct one'sootme to a certain 
place. Sir Sgeir. 

BOUND, BuBD, part, pa. Pregnant, JhagUu. —Germ. 
entbimd-e$if to deliver, tnUmndeii, brought to bed ; 
literally unbound. 

BOUNDE, t. Meaning doubtful. AcL Jkm. Cone 

3\> BOUNDSB, «. a. To limit ; to eat boundaria to, 
Boxb.— L. B. bon-arti brntdfore, metas flgere. 

To fiOUNT, «. n. To spring, to bound.— Fr. bond-ir, 
id. Bura. 

BOUNtt, «. Worth, goodness. Bartoir.— Fr. bonti^ 

BOUNTBTH, BorariTB, «. 1. Something giren as a re- 
ward for serrice or good offices. Wat$on*» CoU. 2. 
It now genersily signifies what Is given to serrants, 
in addition to their wages, 8. ; bonntiet, 8. B. Sam^ 
say.— Oael. bumdaU, seems merely a oorr. of this 

BOUNTBEB,«. Common elder. T. Boubteh. 

BOUNTBEE-BEBRIES, The fruit of the elder, 
flram which elderberry wine is made, 8. A. 

BOUB, Bovas, f. A chamber; sometimes a retired 
apartment, snch as ladies were wont to possess in 
ancient times. Dougku. — A. 8. 6ur, buret oonolaye, 
an inner chamber, a parlour, a bower. — ^Teot. (uer, 
id. Dan. ftimr, condaTe, 8u. G. Isl. bur, habitaculum. 
— lBl./tHH[A'Mbiir, gynaeceum, ubi olim filiae flunilias 
habitabant; literally, the young lady's bower. 
Hence bour-bonrding, Jesting in a lady's chamber, 
Pink. Bouaoox. 

BOUBAOH, BowaooK, BoOBiox, t. 1. An enclosure ; 
applied to the little houses that children build for 
play, especially those made in the sand, 8. Kdly. 
* ' Well ncTer big sandy towroefef together." S. Prov. 
KeUy. 2. A small knoU, as distinguished firam a 
bratt Selkirks. Hoffg. 8. A shepherd's hut, Gallo- 
way. 4. A small heap of stones, Clydes. V. BoasA. 
6. A oonf osed heap of any kind, 8. B. Such a quantity 
of body-clothes as is burdensome to the wearer, is 
Galled a bourack qfdaite, Ang. SkUitt. Aoe. 6. A 
crowd, a ring, a circle of peoi^e, 8. B. POenu BuduM 
DicUeet. 7. A duster, as of trees, 8. Ferouion. — 
A. 8. beorKf burg^ an enclosure, a heap ; Su. G. borg. 

BOUBACH'D, BvBKAOB'n, part, pa. Enclosed, en- 
Tironed, 8. B. Bott. 

To BOUBACH, v. n. To crowd together confusedly, 
or in a mass, 8. ; syn. OrcwdU. 

BOUBAOH, BoMUOH, f . A band put round a cow's 
hinder legs at milking, 8. Gael. buaroA, 

BOUBBEB,f. The spotted Whistle fish, 8. SibbaUL 

To BOURD, V. n. To Jest, to mock, 8. JZamMiy. — 
Fr. bourdrert id. But this seems to be merely an 
abbrer. of Mko«rd-<r, toAord-er, to Joust together with 
lances. Bokord, bekord, is originally a Gothic word, 
as being used by old Northern writers. 

BOUBD, Bouaa, s. 1. A Jest, a scoff, 8. KeUy. 
HoulaU. 2. In "Gordon's History of the Earls of 
Sutherland " it is used to denote a fatal encounter, 
called the Bourd qfBrteken, 

BOUBIE, s. A hole made in the earth by rabbits, 
or other animals that hide themselres there ; B. a 

biiftow. Mtmrot.'-'Ynm the same origin with 


BOUBTBEE, Boaanaa, Bouaran, s. Common elder, 
a tree ; Sambucus nigra, Unn. ; A. Bor. Bwrtrtt. 
JAgh^fiiot. — It seems to hare recelTed its name from 
its being hollow within, and thence eadly bcrtd by 
thrusting out the pulp. 

BOUBTBEE-BUBH, «. A shrub of elder. UgkU and 

BOUBTBEE, BouflTET-GUir, t. A small air^un made 
of a twig of elder with the pith taken out : a pellet of 
wet paper being forced up the tube, uid another put 
in and pushed up towards it, the compressed air 
between the two drires out the first with an explosion. 
Blaekw. Mag. 

BOUSCHB, 8. The sheathing of a wheel. ▼. Bosh. 

B0U8HTT,«. Ezpl. "bed." Abexd. Skirr^.—Tht 
same with Buitt^f, q. y. 

B0U8TEB, s. The bolster of a bed, 8. T. Bowsria. 

BOUSTOUB^ Bowsrowaa, t. A military engine, 
anciently used for battering walls. ITynlown.— 8n. 
G. byi$a, botsa, signifies a mortar, an engine for 
throwing bombs ; Bombarda, Ihre ; formerly byfsor ; 
tram 6ysia, theca, a box, or case ; because in them 
tubes, as in cases, bullets are lodged. 

BOUSUkI, BowBOM, a4j. 1. Pliant, tractable. Police 
of Honour. — A. 8. tocmm, buktum, obediens, tiac- 
tabilis, firom bng-ant Belg. buyg-m, flect^re. 2. 
"Blytfae, merry," Budd. 

To BOUT, BowT, V. n. To spring, to leap, & *' boated 
«p^" Bodd. TO. upboUU. Sou. Xyndsay.—Teut. 
totten, op-boU^enj to rebound, resilire. 

BOUT, t. A sudden Jerk in entering or leaying an 
apartment ; a hasty entrance or departure ; the act 
of coming upon one by surprise ; 8. 

BOUT, «. 1. The extent of ground mowed, while the 
labourer moves straight forward ; the rectangle in- 
cluded in the length of the field to be mowed, and the 
sweep of the scythe, 8. 2. Oom or hay, when cut 
by the scythe, and lying in rows, is said to be " lying 
in the bout," Meams. 8. The act of going once 
round in ploughing, 8. B. Agr. Surv. Invem. 4. 
As much thread, or anything similar, as is wound 
on a clew, while the clew is held in one position, 8. 
— Fr. bout, a tenn denoting extent, or the extremity 
of anything. 

BOUT-GLAITH, «. Cloth of a thin texture. The 
name is probably borrowed from the primary use of 
0ie doth in bolting or botdting flour. — From Fri 
Uut-er, contraction from beltU-er, to bolt. 

BOUTEFEU, f . An incendiary. Guthry'i Mem. If 
not tnm tou^-er, to push forward, perhaps from Bu. 
G. to^o, reparare ; A. 8. bet-an^ whence a word of 
similar formation with Boute-fea, Fyrbetaf a servant 
who has charge of the fire. 

BOUTGATE, «. 1. A circuitous road, a way which is 
not direct, 8. ftrom abouty and gait way. Mou. 2. 
A cireumvention, a deceitful course, 8. B. Bruce, 
8. An ambiguity, or an equivocation, in discourse. 
Bp. Forbet. 

BOUTOCK, «. A square piece of coarse doth for cover- 
ing one's dioulders, Orkn. — Dan. bow, 8u. G. bog, 
denotes the shoulder of an animal, and Isl. tog, the 
coarser part of a fieece. Or Norw: boete, a lap or 
fragment of doth. 

BOUYBAGB, «. Drink ; beverage.— Fr. beuvrage. 

BOUZT, BowBia, Booir, a^. 1. Covered with bushes ; 
wooded, Boxb. 2. Having a bushy appearance; 
commonly applied to animals that are covered with 




lialr or wool. SemaUu NUk, Song. 8. Bnnehy ; 
spreading ; applied to trees, Ao., which have a spread- 
tag, ombnigeous head, Laiuuica A, Kg ; sweUag ; 
<ll8tended ; expanded, Loth. 6. Fat and overgrown, 
hftTing al the same tiime a Jolly, good-hnmoured ap- 
pearance. This term may be merely a oorr. oi BuAjf, 
or the more ancient, Botkff. — 8w. butkig. id. 
BOIJZT-LIKE, ad^j. Having the appearance of disten- 
sion or largeness of sise. A pregnant woman whose 
ahape is considerably altered, is said to be grown 
boury-lOe, Loth. 
BOW, «. A boll ; a dry measore, 8. Monroe, 
BOW, Boll, Lotbow, t. Th«r globule which contains 

the seed of flax. Bow Is the pron. S. Potwart. — 

Germ. teU, id. oeolas et gemma plantae^calicolus ex 

quo flos erumpit; WachtKr. 
BOW, Bowa, i. 1. The herd in general ; whether en- 
closed in a fold or not. Ihugku. 2, A fold for cows, 

8. Bcmnatifne Poems.— So. O. 5o, bu, either the 

herd or the flock ; armenta, peoofa, grex ; Dan. boe, 

a shed, booth, or stall. 
BOW, «. As applied to a house. T. Boo. 
BOW, t. The curve or bending of a street, 8. "At 

the iqyper or northern end of the Wert-boto street, 

stands the poblle Weigh-house." MaiOanat Hitt, 

BOW, i. A rude Instrument of bent willow, formerly 

used for an ox-collar, Aberd.— Belg. boetj a shackle ; 

Teut. bogkdt numella, a yoke or oollar, trom botflUt a 

BOW, t. 1. An arch, a gateway, 8. Kno». 2. The 

arch of a bridge, 8. Jfuset Threnodie.— Teat boght^ 

id. aicus, ooncamemtio ; from ftocrJt-«n, flectere ; A. 

8. bog-a, "An arch of a bridge or other building ;" 

BOW, «. A buoy attached to nets or fishing lines. 
BOW-BRIO, s. An arched bridge ; as dUUnguished 

from one formed of planks, or of l(mg stones laid 

across the water, Aberd. 
BOW-HOUOH'D, oc^. Bow-legged, Abeid. 
BOW-HOUGHS, $. pi. Crooked legs, Aberd. 
B6W-KAIL,«. Cabbage, S. So caUed from the circular 

form of this plant For the same reason Its Belg. 

name is buj/tkool. Bums. 
BOW-KAIL, (u^. Of or belonging to cabbage, 8. Burnt. 
BOW-STOCK, t. 1. Cabbsge. "A bastard may be as 

good as a bow-ttode, by a time ,■" 8. ProT. KeUy. 

2. A piece of wood, to which the bow is attached, and 

through which it is inflated. 
BOW-SAW, 9. A thin and very narrow saw, fixed in 

a fiime, and used for cutting figured work, 8. — Teut. 

bogkertatAei serrula aieuaria. 
BOW-TOW, i. The cord by which the bow is attached 

to the line, Ac. *' Blethers an' bow-tows," the whole 

apparstos, Meamt. 
BOWALAND, part. pr. Making to bulge, Aberd. Reg. 

—Tent frvyl-en, protuberare. 
BOWALL, t. A square aperture in the wall. Aberd. 

Beg. y. BOAL. 
B0WAND,a4F. Crooked. 2>oti0la«.— A. 8. bu^end, id. 
BOWAT,«. A hand-lantern. V. Bown. 
BOWBABD, ff. A dastard, a person destitute of spirit. 

DoH^toi.— Teut. boeterje, nequitia. Or, shall we 

rather view it as originally the same with Bumbartj 

q. T.? 
BOWBSBT, o^;. lAiy, inaeUTe. DougUu. 
BOW»D, Bow»T, iwrt. o^. Crooked. Bume. 
BOWDDUMYS, #. pi. Bottoms. Aberd. Beg. 
BOWDIEN, port. pa. BwoUen. Y. Bolbix. 

BOWBINGh,t. SweUing. MOoiU'iMS. T. Bold». 
BOWELHIYB, i. An inflammation of the bowels, to 

which children are subject, 8. V. Hits, «. Pemne- 

BOWBN, t. A broad shallow dish made of staves, for 

holding milk, Perths. 
BOWER, t. A bownuUcer, & ; toioyer, E. Aete C%a. I. 
BOWERIQUB, ff. Improper speUing of Bourickf or 

BouraAt q. v. Bema4m Nitk. Song. 
BOWES AXD BiLun. A phrase used by the English in 

former times, for giving an alaim in their camp or 

military quarters ; q. " To your bows and batUe- 

BOWET, BowAT, ff. 1. A hand-lantern, 8. BowU, 
A. Bor. Abp. HemilUmn. 2. Metaph. trausfeired 
to the moon, as supplying light to those who were en- 
gaged in nocturnal adrenturea Hence, MaefMane^a 
Bowat. fTaeerley.— Perhaps tiom Fr. bougettef a 
little coffer; if not allied to bougie, a small wax- 
candle ; or, boete, botUe, boite, a small box. 

BOWOER, ff. The puflln, or coultei^neb, a bird ; AIca 
aretica, Linn. Martin. 

BOWGLB,ff. AwUdoXfabuflialo. " Bewgle, w bugle, 
a bull, Hants." Grose. DunAor.— Lat. bucul-us, a 
young OX. Hence bugle-Kom, 

BOWIE, ff. 1. A small barrel or cask, open at one end ; 
8. Ferguion. 2. It denotes a small tub for washing, 
8. S. It also sometimes signifles a milk-pall, 8. 
Bameajf. 4. A water-bucket with an iron or wooden 
bow-handle.— Fr. buie, a water-pot or pitcher, Cotgr. 

BOWIEFT?, ff. 1. The flU of a small tub, 8. J. Nieol. 
2. The fill of a broad shallow dish ; properly one for 
holding milk. Hogg. 

BOWIK,ff. The carcass of a beast Aberd. Beg. T. 
Boux, BuiK. 

BOWIN. To TAxa a farm in a bowin, to take a lease 
of a fiann In grass, with the live stock on it ; the stock 
still remaining ihe property of the landholder, or 
person who lets it, Ayrs.<— Isl. buin, paratus, " in a 
state of preparation," the land being under cultiva- 
tion, and stocked ; or from Su. G. bo, bu, cattle, 
whence, 8. bowe, the herd ; also a fold for cattle. V. 

90WIT, part. pa. Secured ; enlisted. Perhaps a 
metaph. use of Teut. bowet, gkebowet, aedificatus; 
q. built in or incorpomted in the same band. 

BOWIT INO 8CHAFFIT. Provided with bows and 
arrowa Pari. Ja. I. Schaffit is evidently from 
ackafe, 1. e., a sheaf of arrows. 

To BOWK, V. 11. * To retch ; to puke, Roxb. Y. Box, 

BOWKB, ff. Bulk. Hence, 

To BaiK Bowks. To break bulk ; to sell, remove, or 
make use of any part of a package, Ac., of goods. Y. 
I Bonx, BuiK. 
To BOWL, V. a. and i». To boil ; the vulgar pron. of 

Fife and some other counties. 
BOWL of a Pini-etcup. Y. Boul, ff. 
To BOWL, V. n. To crook, Dumfr. Boudand (below) 

is the part. pr. of this «. 
BOWLAND, par^ a<^'. Hooked, crooked. JDouglae.— 

Tent, boghel-en, arcuare. Bowland is Just the part. 

pr. boghelend, contr. 
BOWLDEBrSTANE, ff. A name given by road-makers 

to lavge, single stones found in the earth, Perths. Y. 

BOWLED-LIKE, ad{j. Crooked-liko, or bowed, Belkirks. 

Hogg. — ^Dan. boeyel, crookedness, boyelig, flexible. 




;BOWLEB, t. A ketfle or boiler, Fife. Thli ftpproaehes 
to the sound of ,Xr. bouUl-ir ; HUp. butt-ir ; ^oth. 
buU'O, id. 
. BOWLIS, BooLim, ad^j. Crooked, deformed ; BooUe- 
badeit, hompbaeked ; sometlmea applied to 6ne 
whoee ihooldere are reaj round, 8. Odtt.—^itnn. 
bUideligt Dan. huoelt, id. from bu^Ie, a bonch or hump ; 
and this from bug-ent to bend ; Dan. -teeyel, crooked- 
ness, boeffelig, flexible. Y. Bbuoli-Baokbd. 

BOWIIB, 9. A term of derision for a person who is 
bow-leased, Dumft. 

B0WL0GH8, «. pi, Bsgweed, -Seneclo jaoobaea, 
Wigtons.— Gael. buaghaUan, id. 

BOWI49, t. pi. A name commonly given to the games 
of Taw, *c.| which are played with small bowls called 

To SOWN, V. a. To make ready. Y. Booir, «. 

BOWRUQIS, i. Burgess ; the third estate in a Paiiia- 
ment or Convention ; in resemblance of Fr. bourgeois. 

BOWS, t. p{. To take one through the Bmm, to call 
one to a severe reckoning, Aberd. In allusion, per- 
haps, to the punishment of the stocks.— Tout, boqfe, 
compes, vincnlum pedis. 

BOWS, t. pi. An old name for sugar-tongs in 8. 

BOWS of Lint. Y. Bow, Boll. 

BOWSIS, acO*. Crooked, 8.— Vr. 5oifu, Id. 

BOWaiE, s. A designation given in ridicule to a 
crooked person, Dumflr. 

BOWSIS, adj. Large ; bushy. Y. Bavst. 

BOWSTAR, B0178TBB, «. The bolster of a bed, 8. 
BowBTMK, Aberd. jsieg. 

BOWSTING, a. Apparently a pole to be used as a bow. 
Aberd. Reg. Y. Stiho. 

BOWSUN£S, ff. ObeUence. ITyntown.— A. 8. boo- 
ntmneuty obedlentia. Y. Bovbum. 

BOWT, «. 1. A bolt, a shaft ; in general. Chron. S, 
Poet. 2. A thunderbolt, 8. rJSou. 8. An iron bar. 

BOWT, t, Bowt of wonted; as much worsted as is 
wound upon a clew while it is held in one position. 
Aberd. Reg. Y. Bout. 

BOWTINO CLAITH, «. Cloth of a thin texture. Y. 


To BOX, V. a. To wainscot, to panel walls wltti 
wood, 8. 

B(3XINQ, «. WainscoUng ; Sir J. Sinclair, p. 170, 8. 

BOX-BED, a. 1. A bed having the sides and top of 
wood, with two sliding panels for doors, 8. 2. It 
also denotes a bed in the form of a scrutoire, or cheat 
of drawers, in which the bed-clothes, Ac, are folded 
up during the day, 8. ; called also a Bureau- 

BOX-DRAIN, t. A drain in which the eytones are care- 
fully laid, so that there may be a r^ular opening for 
the water, Forfars. 

BRA, Bkak, B&at, a. 1. The side of a hill, an accli- 
vity, 8. Barbour. 2. The bank of a river, 8. Breea, 
A. Bor. id. 3. A hill, 8. Boaa. 4. Conjoined with 
a name, it denotes the upper part of a country ; as 
"Bra- mar, Bra-Cat^ the Braea of Angua ; B. Sir 
J. Sinclair. —To gae down the brae, metaph. to be in 
a declining state, in whatever sense ; to have the 
losing side, 8. BaiUie'a Lett. — C. B. dre, a mountain, 
pi. breon, bryn ; Gael, bre, bri, brigh, a hill. Isl. 
braoy cilium, the brow; whence augnabraOf the 
eyebrow ; and bralt signifies steep, having an ascpnt. 

BRA', ady. Fine ; handsome ; pleasant ; worthy. Y. 

To BRA, «. n. 1. To biay. S. To make a load and 
disagreeable noise. Douglaa. 

BRAAL, a. A fragment " There's nae a bnai to the 
fore," There is not a fragment remaining. Ang. 

BRABBLACH, a. The refuse of anything ; as of com, 
meat, *c. Fife.— Gael, prabalt Id. 

BRACE, a. 1. A chimney-piece, a mantle-piece, 8. 
Train. 2. A chimney made of straw and clay, Ettr. 
For. Y. Briss. 8. Window^aee, that put of a 
window on which the sash rests, 8. 

BRACE-PIECE, «. The manUe-piece. Oalt. 

To BRACEL, v. n. 1. To advance hastily and with 
noise, Ettr. For. 2. To gaUop, ibid. Synon. BreeaaUy 
q. V. 

BRACHB, a. Bute of frraehe ; souxoe of dissension. 
Keitk'a Hiat.—Vr. breeke, breach. 

BRACHELL, a. A dog ; properly, one employed to 
discover or pursue game by the scent Bracke is 
Jised in the same sense. TTaUaoe.- Alem. brak; 
Germ, braekt id. canis venaticus, forte investigator ; 
0. Fr. broAea. Yerel. expl. Isl. raikke, canis, deriv- 
ing it from rocfco, frokka, cursitare. 

BRACHEN (jgutt.), Beaikix, BBSOKcar, a. The female 
fern. Pteris aquilina, Linn. Buma. In Smoland 
la Sweden, the female fem is called bradeen ; 8w. 
atofbraakin, id. In is a termination in Gothic, de- 
noting the female gender ; as oorUn, an old woman, 
q. a female carl. 

RoTAL Braohub, j. pi. The flowering fem, 8. Os- 
munda regalls, Linn. ; or rather Pteris Aquilina. 

BRACK, t. A strip of unculttvatod ground between 
two tkota^ or plots of land, Roxb. Bavk synon. — 
Teot. ftroecfc, barren, braeck-liggo^ to lie unculti- 

BRACK, a, Aa aoMffa bradc, that is, as salt as bratck ; 
used to denote what is veiy salt, but confined to 
liquids or sorbile food, Fife, Dumf.— Isl. brekty the 

BRACK, a. 1. A quantity of snow -or earth shooting 
from a bill. 2. A flood, when the ice breaka in con- 
sequence of a thaw. 8. A sudden and Jieavy fall of 
rain, Ettr. For,— Allied to Isl. brok-a^ strepo, stre- 
pito ; or Teut. frroedbe, fractuxa. 

BRA0KS,<4. A disease of sheep. Y. BaAxr. 

BRAD, part. pa. Roasted. Y. next word. 

To BRADE, V. a. To roast Sir-Oawan andBir Gal. 
— A. 8. braedronf id. braeddej assatus. 

To BRADE, BxAiD, v n. 1. To move quickly, to take 
long steps in rapid succesiaon. J>ouglaa. 2. To 
spring, to start .Oawan and Ool. 8. To break out, 
to issue i^ith violence. BougUu. 4. To draw out 
quickly ; used actively, especially with respect to the 
unsheathing or .bmndiahing of a sword, or other 
weapon of this kind. ITaUoee.— Isl. braad-a, acce- 
lerare. At bregdra anorde^ gladlum evaginare vel 
stringere. — A. 8. braect<in, exerere, stringere. 

BRADE, BaAiDi, a. A titart ; a spring, a quick jnotion 
of the body. Dunbar. — ^Isl. bregd^ versura. 

BRADE, adj. ; 8. Y. BaAio. 

To BRADE, Bbaid, v. a. To attack,.to assault ; Rndd. 
— Isl. bregdra manne nidur^ stemere virum. 

To BRADE, Bbaio, n. a. To turn round. .GaMHim and 
Ool — ^Isl. bregdUf .vertere. 

To BRADE, BxAiD, Brkob, Brbsd, «. n. 1. To re- 
semble, to be like in manners ; especially as denot- 
ing that similarity which characterises the same 
stock or family ; with the prep, of; as, " Te breed o* 
the gowk (cuckoo), ye have ne'er a rime but ane," 




8. ProT. S. To appear, to be manifest.. Dunftor. — 
Id. bregd^ hregth^ Bo. O. ftroo, denote the re* 
semblance of chUdreUf in dlspodtions, to their pro- 
genitors. Bregdw bami HI aettor, progenitoribns 
snifl qnisqne fere simiUs est. 

To BBADB, B&AiD up, v. a. " To braid «p the head," 
to toss it as a hlgh-metUed horse does, or to cany it 
high. Jhmbar.—JL 8. bred-ant Belg. ftreyd-m, to 

BRA£-VAOS, 9. The ftont or slope of a hill, 8. 

BRAE-HAO, «. ) The orerhanglng bank which has 

BRAX^HAULD, s. ) been nndermlned by a riyer, 
BoKb.— Dan. hold, adecline, a steepness, a declirity ; 
Bo. O. kaeU^ ; Isl. kaU-a, tncUnare ; whence £J 
hed ; as, " the ship htdt.** 

BBAS-HBAD, «. The sommit of a hill, 8. Oolf. 

BRAE-LAIRD, Beau-laied, «. A proprietor of land 
<m the soothem decliTitf of the Oramplans, 8. 
Tarraifi FMnA IF. Bkatiuv. 

BBAB-8H0T, «. 1. A quantity of earth that has fallen 
from a steep, Lanatks. 2. A large sum of money, 
Ac., to which one unexpectedly becomes heir ; " He's 
gotten an awfo* ftrae^ftot," Lanaiks. — From 8. brae^ 
and iiko<, corresponding with Teat sdtof, ^ectamen- 
tnm, id quod eji^tur. 

BRAB-8IDB, Beax-Std, t. The declirity of a hill, 8. 

BRAJBIX, Bbatib, adS. Bloping ; hlUy ; decllyous, 8. 
BRABNaSL, «. A confused crowd, 8. St. FaMdt. 

Nearly synon. with BroMgiU^ q. t. 
To BRACK V* A* 1* To reproach, to upbraid. Ryddt- 

man. 3. To defy, 8. B. To do or say anything in 

defiance of others, 8. A boy climbing a tree, or the 

like, is said to do it to brag his companions. Mariton. 

— Ba. G. brigdrOi exprobrare ; Id. brtgd^ dppro> 

BRAOINO, «. Boasting. OammandOol. 
BRAOGIR, 9. The broad leaTcs of the Alga maxiaa. 

Manin*9 Wt9t Id. 
BRAOWORT, BaBQwoBT, * Mead, a boTenge made 

from the refuse of honey, boiled op with water, and 

BomeUmes with malt, Fife. Roxb. Dnmb.—Braggott 

Ol. Laneash. 0. B. bragodj id. 
To BRA¥, «i a. 1. To press ; to squeese. 2. To push ;. 

to shore, Aberd. 
BRAT, «-. A squeeae^ Aberd. 
BRAID, fl. Twist, or plaiting.— Ai 8. ftredem, plectere,. 

to knit, to plait. 
BRAID, 9, The cry of a child wlten. newly bom. 

apottinr. Ma. Diet. 
BRAID, f. Assault, aim to strike. Doualof.— It is 

used in a similar sense, 0. E.— Isl. bregd^ nisus, an 

attempt, an exertion. 
3b BRAID trp the butde ; marked as used by James I. 

Perhaps to put up the leares of the table. 
BRAID, Braoi, adf. 1. Broad, 8. Jtttson. 2. Plain, 

intelligible. J)ouota9.—Ua»B, 6. Isl. braid; A. 8. 

bred, latns. 
BRAID, Brave, adv. Widely. DougUu, 
BRAID-BAND, Bboab-Basv, «. 1. Com laid out, in 

the harrest field, on the band, but not bound, Is said 

to ht I fing in braid4>and,B. 2. To be laid ia broad- 

bandt metaph. to be fully exposed ; or discussed. Z. 

Boyd. To Faw Beaid-bajis, a phrase used of a 

young woman who submits to dalliance without any 

opposition, Roxb. 
BRAIDCA8T, adv. Bowing with the hand, as opposed 

to drill-sowing, 8. 
BRAIDNXS^t. Breadth. 

BRAIDTBANE, t. StandSngin A« Braidyeant, a 
punishment infiicted at Ayr in the sixteenth century ; 
similar to that of the Jii^f, q. r.— Oael. braighaidainj 
a coUar, from bragkadt the neck. 

To BRAIK, r. ». To retoh^ Lf/ndtay. Y. Beakiho. 

BRAIK, f. A threat Jkmg^.—IA. frraJ»-a, strepo. 

BRA£K, Bebax, 9. An instrument used in dressing 
hemp or fiax, for loosening it from the oore, 8. Wat- 
9on*9 CfoU. — Teat braecke, id. malleus stuparins, 
Tulgo linllirangibula. 

BRAIKj f. An internal mortification; a disease 
amoig sheep, Ang.— 8a. Q. broody a defect ci any 
kind. Y. Beazt. 

BRAIKIT, a^. Bpeekled, &— Ir. dreoc, 6reir, id. 

BRATMEN, «. pi. The name gtren to those who in- 
habit the southern decliri^ of the Qramplan hills, 
8. D. Budianan. 

BRAIN, 9. Bpirit; mettle. "He has a brain/* he 
has a high temper. Loth. 

BRAIN,*. Yoice. '* Abraw&roin," "astrongftratn," 
a powerful roioe, Ang. 

3b BRAIN, o. a. To hurt ; to wound ; to bruise ; not 
as in B. "to dash out the brains." 

To BRAINDGB, Beaieob, v.n. '* To run rashly for- 
ward," 8. 0. Burnt. To do anything hurriedly and 
carelessly.— Shall we riew this as an oblique sense of 
Belg. brine-en^ to neigh f 

BRAYNS, Beajtb, a4j. Had, furious. Dougla9.—A. 
8. 6rifui-<ifi, to bum, 6reii, bryntt ferror; whence 
5ryii« adl, a ferer ; Bu. Q. brannad, fenror, ardor. 

BRATN-WOD, Bea]ie-woi>, adj. 1. Mad, in a state of 
insanity. Wyntown. 2. Acting with fury ; hurried 
on with the greatest impetuosity, South of 8. Y. 
Beatee and Won. 

BRAINGS, 9. Confused haste, Galloway, Ayrs. 

BRAINY, a<^. 1. HIgh-metUed ; unmanageable; 
applied to a hone. Loth. 2. Bpirited; lirely; ap- 
plied- to a man, 8. 0. 

To BRAINYSLL, v. n. To rush up or forward head- 
long ; to break forth violently, Roxb. JSToiw*— Per- 
haps from IsL bran-a, to be hurried on, or to rush 
forward like at goat Brainydl may, howerer, be 
merely a prorincial pronunciation of the v. to Brangle. 

BRAIN YELL, t. The act of rushing headlong, or doing 
anything hurriedly or riolenUy, and without care, 
Sttr. For. Mogg. 

BRAIRD, «. 1. The first sprooting of grain. 2. 
FlguratlTely transferred to early animal growth ; as, 
"Thatcallanisafine ftrcUrd of a man," Clydes. Y. 

BRAIRDIB,f. Abounding with sproutinggrain. Pidem. 

BRAIRD8,«.j4. The coarsest sort of flax. Y. Beeaem. 

ToBRAIS, «. a. To embrace. Dunter .—Fr. 6ra«, 
the arm, whence cmfrrooe, q. in amu. 

BRAIB, 9. pi; Bnares, gins. DougUu. — A. 8. braegd^ 
figmentum, braegdent fraus ; gdiraegdoMi crafts, 
frmuds, subtle contrirances ; Isl. Bu. G. bragd, fraus. 

BRAISE, Beau, t. The Roach, a fish, 8. ITre. —Sw. 
frrosen, qrprinus brsma, bream ; Tent (raei*es»i id 
cyprinus latus. 

To BRAI8SIL, «. n. To work huiriedly, Roxb. Y. 


BBAISSII^ t. The act of working hurriedly or un- 
equally. To WoEK BT BKAiseiu, to work unequally, 
making more exertion at one time than at another. 

BRAITH, e^f. Yiolent, severe. TToUooe.— Isl. So. 
G. braedtt Ira, anlml fervor. 

BRAITH FUI^ BebitbtuLi a^. Sharp, violent 




BRAITHLT, adv. Yiolenttji with grttt foroe. Wai- 

BRAITHUE, o^;'. The same with Bsaithful; or 

perhaps in the sense of straggling. Jkntglat.-^n. Q. 

5ryt-a, broU-oMt I^i* 6rio^a, luctare. 
To BRAK, e. n. To break generally, 8. B. AMt.— 

A. S. brac-an, id. Id. eg braakaf frango. 
To Brjlk BasAD. To taste food ; to eat " He wadna 

brak bread," he would eat nothing, 8. B. 
To Bmak Out. To block out ; to cut out roughly, Aberd. 
To BRAK, V. ». To express great sorrow on any ao- 

count One says, " I'm Uke to brak," S. B.— This 

is probably allied to Isl. frrodr, 6refc, waUlng. 
BRAK, Beaki, a4f. Somewhat salt, brackish. 

Doufflat.—Beig. braekf salens. 
BRAK, «. Breaking up ; as, <A« hrak qf a ttorm ; ike 

brak of a market, 8. B. V. Beaox. 
BRAK, t. Perhaps breach, q. breaking forth ; or noise, 

uproar.^Teut. broecfce, ruptura; or Isl. brak, 

crepitus, stridor, fiagor ; drafc-o, crepare. 
BRAK-BAOK, Beack-baoc, t. A designAtlon meta- 
phorically giTen to the hav7est"mo<]|p from ttie ad- 
ditional labour she occasions to reapers, Aberd. 
BRAKJB, f • A laige and heary kind of harrow, chiefly 

osed for breaking in rough ground, 8, 
BRAKINa, B. Puking, retching, & B. iKon.— Teut. 

&raecfc-m, to Tomit, broeefefl, nausea. 
BRAKKIN8, Beaxs, «. pi. The remains of a feast, 

Aberd.— A. 8. brtcimg, fraetio. 
BRALD,|Mr<.jNi. Decked, dressed. MoMamdPoemt. 

— Fr. frreU-er, to gUtter. 
BRAMLIN, BRAMMiir, BBimnL-woBM. A species of 

speckled or striped wonn, found on old dung-heaps 

in dairy fkrms, Roxb. Perhaps the same with £. 

3RAN0B, «. Explanation unknown.; peihaps errat 

for tranect or passage. 
BRANGHERfl, t. pi. Toung oxows after learing the 

nest, and taking to the boughs or ftrofaclket. 
BRAND, «. The calf of the leg, Xttr. Sot.^ oorr. of 

Brawnt id. q. t. 
BRANDED, part. pa. Bordered, liaTing a maigin. 

Sir Oatoan and Sir <7a2.— Oerm. brown ; Isl. bruUf 

BRANDED, BEAinnT, a4j* Haying a reddish-brown 

colour, as if singed by fire. A branded cow is one 

that is almost entirely brown, 8. Minitrdt^ Bord. 

— 0erm. braim, id. 
BRANDEN, pari. jia. Grilled. Y. Bam. 
BRANDER, Beahdxbth, «. 1. A gridiron. Wfntomn. 

2. The grated iron pUioed over the entrance of a diain 

or common sewer, Roxb. Al>erd. — 8. braTidert ^ &• 

hrandredy " a brand-iron i* Dan. brandriih ; Teut 

bramlroede, frraiuier, fulcrum focarium. 
lo BRANDER, v. a. To broil on a gridiron, to grill, 8. 

Sir J. Sinclair. 

thick oatrcake baked on the gridiron ; a bannock, 

BRANDBRI8, «. pi. Trames of wood for supporting 

BRANDY-CLEEK, t. Palsy in the leg in consequence 

of hard drinking, Aberd. Y. Olsiks. 
BRANDIE, t. Abbrer. designation for a branded oow, 

BRANDNEW, Baxxr Nxw, a phrase eqniyalent to 8pidc 

and tpan, quite new, 8. iioM.— Teut brand new, 

id., from brand, incondlum, ustio ; or baring Just 

received the maker's brand. 

BRANDRETH. Y. Bbaxdib. 

BRANDUR, «. A border. Y. Bbamdko. 

BRANE, 9. Bran, the husks of com ground. Dunbar. 

BRANEWOD, «. Wood for burning. Ckr. Kirk.— A. 
8. bryne, incendium, and wude, wood. 

BRANa, preC. of the v. Brought, 8. /. Nicol. 

BRANQILL, #. A kind of dance. JDmtgUu.—'FT. 
branie, " a brawle or daunoe, wherein many men and 
women more altogether;" Ootgr. 

BRANOLANT, a4). Brandishing, Ayra.— Pr. braniiU- 
er, to glisten, to flash. 

To BRANGLE, «. n. 1. To shake, to vibrate. Ihnglai. 
8. To menace, to make a threatening appearance. 
Douglas. 8. To shake, applied to the mind ; to con- 
found, to throw into disorder ; used actirely. Oodt- 
cn^.-^aml-er, to shake; l3u. 0. brang-a», cum 
labors perrumpere Telle. 

BRANIT, part. pa. Brawned ; a term formed ftom 
E. brawn, the fleshy <nr museulous part of the body. 

To BRANK, V. «. 1. To bridle, te restrain. Godly 
Sangt, 2. «. «. To raise and toss the head, as 
spuming the bridle; applied to horses. Dou^at. 
8. To bridle up one's self. Maitland JPoenu, 4. To 
prance, to caper. Azsuay.— Teut brenken and 
proneken both signify, ostentare se, dare se spec- 
tandum ; Oerm. prona-en, id. ; 8u. Q. prunk^, 
siqwrbira. Wachter gires praiHr-«ii, as also signify 
ing, premera, ooarctare. 

BRANKEN, part, pr. Gay, Urdy, 8. A. /. XieU. 

BRANKIE, odj- Gaudy ; pranked up, Peebles. Fife. 
JaoobiU Beliei. 

BRANKIN, p. a4i, HaUng a great show, Fife ; ^nou . 
with Brankie. 

BRANKIT, p. adQ. Yain ; puffed up^ Aberd. Y. 


BRANK-NEW, adj. Quite new, q. baring the new 
gloss. St. AmofU. 

BRANKS, s. pi. 1. A sort of bridle, often naed by 
oountiy peo^e in riding, and in tethering catUe. In- 
stead of leather, it has on each side a piece of wood 
joined to a halter, to which a bit is sometimes added ; 
but more frequently a kind of wooden noose resem- 
bling a muasle, 8. Montroetft Mem. 2. An instru- 
ment of ciril and ecclesiastical punishment for female 
scolds, or those adjudged guUtj of deCamadon, placed 
at the doors of churohes. It is of iron, and surrounds 
the head, while a large triangular piece is put into 
the mouth. Within these few years, an iron bit was 
proserred in ttie steeple of Forfar, formeriy used, in 
that rery place, for torturing the unhappy creatures 
who were accused of witchcraft It was called The 
WUdi's BrankM. <}ael. braneoM, a halter. But our 
word seems originally the same with Teut pran^^ 
muyl-pranghe, postomis, pastomls, oonflbula ; instru- 
mentum quod naribus equorum imponitur ; Kllian. 
8. BrankM, I suspect is sometimes used in 8. as sy^. 
wiih/tiira« or pillory. Howie. 

BRANKS, «. pi. A swelling in the chops, 8. A., from 
the compression of the parts, as the chops of a horse 
are compressed by the bronki which he wears ; (he 
buffeU, 8. B. 

BRANUB, «. The name giren to the Samlet in some 
parts of Fife; elsewhere called the jPar. Toiks. 
BroMdin. Y. Pab. Bromlin and Braniie are 
merely dimin. from Brand, and may hare been sug- 
gested by the dark-coloured marks on the sides of 
this fish, as resembling those burnt by a brand- 
I ii'on. 

BnAKHOOKi (. Tha Samlst, or nttU Ul ( 

knon In B. br Iha iwiig of Par. Awiliit, r< 

VRiSUXB, fcnlrtiilrn. Daawlat.— 1 

I, Bum, I. o. to Und, 

Mri, u. : bnehitia t< 

Hdbinik Owbooa; oft 
UinAtaiLntr cZiUdnn, £ 
bndUy ft bnttch, ' T«at 

fraa Anit, Uk 


BKISS, BuiBi, BuMBi, (. AneSsit, UftUKk,ui 

er kind, S. QkA^Op, itdi 

elng nued. li ailed I 

li menlf % dlCTeRDt ssdk of 
tha I. u opUlagd ■tuTO. IiL breUt, boirerer, dg- 
nlBu LnHno, frniiUcAt. vnkDcu, Q. Audr. 
BBAaHT, adj. Dellata In couttnUDO, luhlKt to 

iHii, i^'. Stonnj. a J.incal. 
A qrop of «U and rje mixed, oi of 
nnej ibd 1711, OtUanj. BjDon. KbiUIh, JTeriin, 
— Trot. Aroo-fli, mlKen, eommlBen, Arof, mlicta^ 


BOASH-BSXAD, t. Bnad nude of inch ■ Dlittue, 

BBAS8Y, I. The taciml WnuM or Old WUA, a fteh. 

nnh of rortti. IftCl'i LM t^ r^ia. V. 

BBASSIN.iuV. Dnien. Jbvd. £«.— A. 8. traom, 

Ts BRAsr. (.a. To boni J)imglai.—BrM ia ued 

la Itaa Bme hdm bj B. Glooo. 
BaAT,t. 1. Clothloclniwienl. netaaiviaibrtU, 

B., food end rklmenC . SoflA PrrA, Stoq. 2. A 

OHtne kind of mpron for knplng the dolhci cltan, S. 
" Brat, ■ ixane ■prao, & nc, Unrolnt," 01, OroH. 
1. Coana clotblng, B. ; diiddi, 171100. A. H. bratt 
■tl^nlflefl both pvUlum and punlculqa ; " a doaki % 
rag," Bonmer. 0. B. bnUHatr, ngi. 4. A bib or 
plnafon^ B. B. a conlgmplnaui naoia (Or a IroDble- 

neeaiaarllj AgaVj n 

, eapeclall; of vhat li called 1 
linn of boiled whej. Statttt. 
eofer of panidgt or flnnuDerr. 

imedlaulT fanned tnna 

9t Ma. Fv. ; and Ttnad aaa diniii. fmn 

shot,* IKr. For. In thie wua lE Hami to 

la Odalltj st a doR IbU dcbiUbUj (oUovl 

a. A. To plait itiaT-npei roand a itaok, 

-W. Ined, aema. 

BBATHLI, a4i. N0I7. T. B1J4TBUI. 

To BBATTTL, Bk'nu, v.n. 1. To make a oluh 
or cUUBtBjt nolK, S. Dmclai. i. To ad?a 
rapldlj. nukliif a nolae wltli Iha (cat, S. Boaae 
I. To rvi tnmallaiiiulr. Skiimir. i. To mak 


eooftaad and huifa solia, 1 
brfetii, irfl-a, augttaia, 
luotaiilai; Taut, terte^nt, 
BRATTTL, BaiTTLI. t. I. . 

lapldlj, B. Amu. Xm. %■ Hurrj, r^Od uolioo 
ofaoTklDd, H. Bamiof. ft. A ihort laoo, B. Bum. 
t. Vnrr, vIotaDt attack, B. Bunu. 
. _ ^axTECT, moat haadtoB* ; 

Shoir ; appgaranoe of tplandon, 8, 
Vtoa clothai ; ihowj 

OOiUlDI ' 


dren, B.— Jr. d 
appanL >. Valaph. applied 10 Una dlcUoD, 
omaM langaagt. JT' H'ard'f OonUnd. 
BKAVITIT, I. Ciad aa danatlDc oom|a ; InaTaij. — 
lap* fnn 0. rr. tnnM, from L. B. emtaat, 
fltaoUa, axcellealla. 
BBADITIE; i. 1. A (how, a lanasL Sw«l. >. 
HiHij In dnia, S. V. Bai«, Burtt.—tr. traadi, 

BRAOL. Buvl, 1. Tha lamo at BraiteU, Otm- 

piarnt S.— rr. Annula, tmiifa. 
BBATOORA, f. BuchadacTcoof IrrltaHODOrduT, Id 
or biut, aa to aaiiuui tha appearanea o( taid- 
, Ajn.<-Spaa, Bmttn aa explalfiad, ^' JarodCj 

BKAUBBIB; a4j. Stomj. T. Buih, •. 

BBAW, Bai', o^. 1. rio«,(alljdraiiad, B. Mtritn. 

—Tent, braum, ornatua, bgUiu ; Tr. (roK, U. 111. 

Aroer, tiltat, iplaodet. 3. HandHmi, B. Avnw. 

S. Plaaaaiit, agreeable, B. A. Jfitot. L Worlhj, 

eicellant, S. J. braiB mem, 1 wonh^ mta, S. i. 

Verj good ; inrpaulEiff In vhaterer reipeoE, A 6. 

Blout -. able-bodlsd ; At toi mrtua, S, ; iiPimti. «lth 

than pvy, eay ; fOr ffrg oaid oanftr 1 
" modeialelj " or " iDdUrannUj ehier 
br^ boooA, praeilana- Bn braf 1* 
phiaae itlll Died ^ Ihi Tulfar la S. 0< 
iUT q. AroOtoci, I BRAW-WABLD, u^. Bhirwj; laailT. 
braO, brack, BBAWBN, port. fa. Pnbap*, boUed. 




To BRAWL, «. n. To ran into confiulon ; part pr. 
brawland, Barbour. — Vt. brouUUrf to embroil, to 
confoand. So. G. bryU-o, pertnztere. 

To BRAWL, «. fi. To gallop, Moray. Y. Bbbbl, v. 

BRAWLT, adv. Tery well, 8. aometiines brawliru, 
Ang. ; browiiOi frrowUtu, Abeid. Jowmal Land. — 
Sir. Han mor braf^ He Ib veil, Wideg. 

BRAWLINS, ». pi. The trailing Btrawbeny tree, or 
Bear-beiiy, S. B. Aibutns ava nrsi, linn. The 
name Ib sometimes applied to the fruit of the Vac- 
ciniom ritis Idaea, or red biU-beny.— <}aeL braoUag 
denotes a i^ortlebeny. 

BRAWLINS, Bka wuBS, adv. Brarely; quite well, 
Klnroes, Ang. 

BRAWLIT, part, pa. Perhaps, marbled, mixed ; from 
the Fr. brouUl-er, to Jnmble. X. SeoUantt Lament. 

BRAWN, t. A male swine ; a boar, Rozb. " Brawn, 
a boar, Oomb." Onwe.— Peifaaps this term is boi^ 
rowed from the Banes ; for Isl. biam and fteom, Su. 
G. and Dan. bioem, denotes a bear, which was the 
pron. of oar ancestors, and is still the Tulgar pron. 
for a boar. 

BRAWN, BaAUV, «. The calf of the leg- This sense 
is common in S. ; and dliTers from that in which the 
term is used in B., as denoting "the fleshy or 
mnscolous parte of the body " in generaL Xyndiay. 
— Teat, brawe, sora, seems the ladioal word. 

BRAWNY, BaAUXT, t. A cow, ox, or bull, that has Ito 
skin vari^ated with black and brown streaks ; also 
brawnii, id., Galloway. — Germ, draun, brown, in 
compounds denotes a blackish ooloor. Y. BRisnco, 


BRAWS, «. pi. Tine clothes, one's best apparel, 8. 
Boa. Bridently from the a^. sense 1. 

BRAXY, Braxbs, BaixiT, Bbaoka, s. 1. A disease in 
sheep, S. StatiH. .loe.^This is also called braOe 
and braektf Ang. A. S. brtae, rheoma ; ftroc, sickness, 
disease ; Su. G. brakj id. 2. A sheep which has died 
of disease ; also mutton of this description, 6. Burm. 

BRAXY, a^. Of or belonging to sheep that have 
died of disease, 8. Marriagt. 

Dbt Bbaxt, «. Inflammation in the bowels of sheep. 
Agr. Surv. Petb. 

Dumb BaAzr, «. The dysentery in sheep. E$». HigU. 

Watibt B&azt, f . A disease in the bladder of sheep, 
from Ite being over-distended with urine, whicli 
brings on inflammation. Agr. Surv. Ped>. 

BRAZARS, «. pi. Armoor for the arms. Y. Beasibib. 

BRAZE, «. A roach. Y. Bbaibb. 

To BRE. K. Hart. Y. BiooiT. 

BRE, Bbbb, t. The eyebrow, S. B. Douglat. " He 
moTed neither ee nor brte ; i. e. eye nor eyebrow." 
JBoM. — A. 8. brtOi palpebm ; Isl. braa. Y. Bba. 

BREACH, 9. The broken water on the sea-coast, by 
which teilors know their approach to land in a dark 
night, Moray ; supposed to be the same with Land- 

BREAD, t. A roll, or loaf. To be in bad bread ; to be 
in a dilemma, or in an eril taking. Origiiially, to be 
restricted to short allowance. Y. Bbbid. 

BREADBERRY, s. That food of children, which in B. 
is called pap, 8. Berry had been osed In the same 
sense. Mercur. CaUd, Jan. 1061.— Perhaps fh>m 
bread and A. Bor. berry, to beat ; q. " bruised bread." 

BREAD-MEAL, «. The flour of peas and bailey ; be- 
cause comm(mly used for making bread, Roxb. In 
Olydes. barleymeal is so denominated from its being 
much osed for bread there. Y. Whitb-iibal. 

BREAD-MORNING, t. A piece of bread which the 

ploughman gete on going to his labour in the momtna. 

BREAD-SPAAD, t. An iron spattle, shaped like a 

tpadt, for turning bread on the girdle, Aberd. 
BREADWINNER, s. 1. One who, by industry, wint 
bread for others, 8. 2. Any instrument of a profea* 
sion by the use of which one earns a sustenanoe. 

BREADLIN0I8, adv. With the broad or flat aide of a 
sword, Ac. Y. Bbaib. 

BREAD SWORD. «. A broadsword. Actt Cka. T. 

BREAK, t. A diTlsion of land in a Csrm, 8. Statiit. 

BREAK, f. The act of breaking; a breach. FMe^t 

BREAK, Bbakb, t. A fturow in ploughing, 8. Surv. 

BREAK-PUR, Bbbak-Fubbowinq, $. Rough plough- 
ing, ibid. 

To BREAK in, v. a. To go twice over ground with the 
harrow, the first time that this implement is applied, 
Fife. — ^TeuL braecken den acker, prosdndere agrum. 

BREAK, Bbbak-habbow, t. A large harrow. Y. 

To BREAK, V. a. To disappoint, 8. B. Fu no break 
you, I shall not disappoint you," Shirr. Gl.— IsL 
bregd-a, frustrari aliquem. 

BREAK (of a hiU) $. A hoUow in a hUl, 8.— Isl. 
breck-a, crepldo, declivites. 

To BREAK, V. a. To break a botOe, to open a ftall 
bottle ; especially when it is meant only to take out 
part of ito contents, 8. Hence a Broken Bottle, one 
out of which part of its contents has already been 
taken, 8. 

BREAK, i. An instrument for taking the rind off flax, 
& Brake, E. Y. Bbaik. 

BREAK, t. A break qffoUe ; a number of people ; a 
crowd, Pif* — Isl. brak, strepitns, tnmnltus, turba ; 
from brak-a, strepere, tumultuari. 

To BREAK, V. n. To burst off, as an animal In fleeing 
from its pursuers ; to set out briskly. Bolloek.— 
Isl. brak-a, strepere, tumultuari. 

To BREAK up, v. a. To open an ecclesiastical conven- 
tion with sermon. Outh. Mem. 

BREAKING-BREAD on the BRIDE'S HEAD ; a custom 
generally prevalent in 8. When a bride is conducted 
home to the bridegroom's house, before she is allowed 
to enter it, or at the very threshold, a cake is broken 
on her head ; the fhigments of which all the young 
people are eager to gather;— it being used as Dream- 
ing Bread. This being laid under the pillow of each 
person who gete a share of it, it is pretended that it 
has the virtue of producing pleasant dreams In regard 
to one's sweetheart. 

BREARD, «. The first appearance of grain. Y. Bbbbb. 

BREARDS, s. pi. The short flax recovered from the 
first tow, by a second hackling. The tow, thrown off 
by this second hackling, is called baekingt. Bdin. 

To BREAST a horte, a waU, Ac. , «. a. To mount it by 
applying a person's breast to it to get up, 8. 

*BREA8T, t. To make a clean breast of. Y. Clbab. 

BREAST. In a breast; abreast; side by side, 8. B. 

To BREAST, v. n. To spring up or forward ; a term 
applied to a horse, 8. ^Surni.— From the action of 
the breast in this effort. 

BREAST-BORE, s. An instrument for boring; a 
wimble, Clydes. Y. Bobal. 




BBBAST-PSAT, #. A peat formed by the spftde being 
poshed Into the mosa horiiontaUy. 

BBEAST-WOODIB, t. That part of the harness of a 
cairlage-horse which goes round the breasti 8. B. 
Jommal Loud. Y. Bio-winnii. 

BREATH, «. 1. Opinion ; sentiments ; tendency of 
thonght; "I wad fkin hear his breath aboat this 
boalneas," As A. 8. brtutkt signifies spiritas, the E. 
word is here used like Jr. e^prU^ for mind, thought, 
opinion, disposition, inclination. 3. in a brecUh; 
In a moment, S. 

BBJBCHAHE, Bebobam, s. The collar of a working- 
horse, & BanntUyne Poemt. y.KkiMa.—Baurgh' 
wan is used in the same sense, A. Bor. Oael. Ir. 
braiffh, the neck ; whence braii^idain, a collar. 
The last syllable has more r e s e m bl an c e of Tent 
hamwu, a collar. 

BRECKAN, t. Brake ; fern. .^Mntf. 

BBE0K8HAW, Buauhidob, «. The dysentery in 
sheep, Loth. Boxb. ** Dysentery, or Braxy, Breek- 
sAat9, Ac., Mr. Seattle. BreaJaiutadi, or Cling, Mr. 
J. Hogg." Bttayt HigJU. Soe. 

BRED, t. 1. A board ; a plank, DumAr. 2. The lid or 
corering of a pot or pan, Boxb.— A. 8. bred, tabula ; 
Oerm. brel^ a board, a plank. 

Pot-Bkid, $. The wooden lid of a pot» Boxb. 

Aae-BasD, t. A wooden box, with handles, for carrying 
out ashes, Boxb. 

BREDDIT, part. pa. Apparently, wreathed. Paltee 
qfHoH. — A. 8. ftrfld-on, Teut. bre}fd-en, to wreathe. 

BREDS, WTSTU-BEKDa, «. Provisions for winter. 
BouQlat, Y. Baa-BBKj>a. This may be merely bread. 
But IsL braad is rendered, praeda, esca, camlyori 
animalis ; which seems to indicato that A. 8. bread 
is but a restricted use of the radic&l word. 

BREDIR, t. pi. Brethren. Y. Bbooib. 

BREDI8. IB Bbbdis. Houiate.—In brede, as used by 
Ohaucer, is rendered cAroad. Y. Abbbid. 

BREE, Bbib, S. B. Bbbw, Beoo, S. «. 1. Broth, soup. 
Eou. " Bree, broth without meal," 01. Torks. 2. 
J idee, sauce, 8. " Breau^ is supping meat, or gravy 
and tBi for brewis," Ol. Torks. 8. Water ; moisture 
of any kind, 8. Burnt. Thus tnavt-brue is melted 
snow ; Aem'fH^frree, the brine of a herring-barrel, 8. 
— A. 8. briWf Oerm. bruA, ftniAe, id. liquor ; q. de- 
coctom, according to Wachter, from brauent to boil ; 
Id. brugg, calida eoctio, firom brugg-Ot coquere. 

BREE, «. Hurry, bustle. Shirrtfs,—&Q, Q. bry, tur> 
bare, Texare.« 

BREE, 8. The eyebrow. Y. Bbb. 

To BREED ^, to resemble. Y. Bbasb. 

To BBEBOHLE, v. n. 1. A term expresslTe of the 
waddling and bustling motion of a person of small 
stature ; as, He's breegJUm awa', Fife. 2. Applied 
also to the mode in which a person of this description 
does any kind of work ; to fiddle, to make little pro- 
gress notwithstanding much busUing ; ibid. 

BREEGHLIM, Bbbchlim, a. MoUon conveying the Idea 
of considerable exertion, with but little progress, Fife. 

BBESK, Bexik, «. One leg of a pair of breeches, S. pi. 
breeke, breOetf breeches. Oodearojt — Anc. Goth, 
and Isl. brok ; A. 8. braes, 5rec ; 8u. O. ftroedbor ; 
0. B. bryeean ; Oael. brigit ; Ir. broagee; Lat. 
braoea, id. From this dress, the Romans gave the 
name of ChUia Bracoata to one part of OauL 

To BREEK, «. n. A term used by females in shearing 
on a rainy day, when they tuck up their petticoats to 
their knees, in form of breeches. The question is 
often asked, *' Are ye gaOn to breek the day I" Loth. 

BRESK-BROTHER, «. A rival In love. 
BREEKLAN, part, aij. 8habby in appearance, 
whether in person or in dress. Mearns. Apparently 
the same with BreeghU, q. v. 
BREEK8, Bbbikb, Bbbikis, «. pi. 1. Breeches. 2. 
Two centuries ago the term occurs in what seems to 
hare been a cant phrase used to denote the appre- 
hension or fettering of a prisoner. Moyufe Mem. 
8. Used in low proverbial language, in relation to 
ability, but always in a negative form, as addressed 
to one who boasts that he can do this or that ; Jfe no 
in your breikt, man, 8. In this case It refers, pei^ 
haps not very delicately, to physical strength. '*/< 
it not in your breeks /' an allusion to money in our 
pockets, signifies our inability to effect or procure 
such a thing. Kelly. 
BREEKUMTRULLIE, t. 1. One whose breechet do 
not fit him, Ayrs. 2. Also applied to a reiy little 
boy who is considered too young to wear breeches. 
Trulie is often used in 8. as expressing contemptuous 
or derisory admiration ; q. Breek him trulie I 
To BREEL, V. n. To move with mpidlty. Border ; as, 
to bred down the brae ; always, or at least generally, 
applied to the motion of a carriage, and implying the 
idea of the noise made by it— Isl. broeUte^ is expl. 
bovino, vel aprino - more ferri ; O. Andr. to be 
hurried on like an ox or boar ; bricd-tu^ extra mentem 
rapi. 8u. O. bryU-a^ perturbare, a frequentative 
from frryd-o, id. 

BREELL8, t. pi, 8pectacles In general; but more 
strictly double-Jointed spectacles, Clydes.— Oerm. 
brai, 8u. O. briUer, id. ocuU vitrei, L. B. beriU-ut. 

BREEM, adj. Keen ; fierce ; Tiolent, Lanarics. Y. 

To BREEM, V. n. A term applied to the female of a 
swine when she desires the male. B. to frrtm, id. — 
O. Tent, brem-eot to bum with desire ; Ital. 6rasn-are^ 
id. Y. Beuvmui. 

BREEMIN, A-BBBBXiv,^ part. adj. Applied to a sow 
in season, when desirous of the boar, Roxb. 

BREER, i. A briar, 8. Hogg. 

BREER, Bbbbb, Bbaibd, Bbbakd, f. 1. The first 
appearsnce of grain above-ground, after it is sown, 
8.—^ fine breerf an abundant germination, ^m- 
fay, 2. Metaph. transferred to the first appearance 
of the seed of the word, after it has been sown in the 
ministry of the gospel. — ^A. 8. brordj frumentl splcae, 
"com new come up, or the spires of com," 8omner. 
" Bruartt the blades of com just sprung up ,-" OL 

To BREER, Bbbbb, Bbbabd, v. n. To germinate, to 
shoot forth from the earth ; applied especially to 
grain, 8. Brerde, part. pa. Loth, brairded. Dougla*. 

BREIRDINO, «. Oermlnation ; used metaph. in re* 
lation to divine troth. RtUherford. 

BREERIE, a4j. Sharp ; clever. Loth. A figurative 
use of £. briery t full of briers. Y. Brtbib. 

BREE8E, Bbbub, ». 1. The act of coming on in a 
hurry, Fife. 2. A quarrel, a broil, Loth. Ap- 
parently a figurative use of E. breeMe. 

BREESE, Bbbib, «. Pottage made in a peculiar manner, 
Aberd. Meams. Y. Bbosb, of which this Is the 
northern pronunciation. — A. 8. 6rtioas, pottage. 

To BRE^SIL, V. n. To come on in a hurry, making 
a rustling noise, Lanarfcs. Y. the noun. 

BREES8IL, Bbbishil, $. 1. The act of coming on in 
a huny, Fife. 2. A violent attack In whatever way. 
Hence the phrase to bide a breeisil, to endure a se- 
Tere onsets Fife.— A. 8. broM, crepitus, strepitus. 




6r(Ml2-<an, erepltam, rtrepere. Iii. frryt, ardois 

calor ; bryit-o, fenride aggredl. 
BBM}KB» «. One giTen to broQs And bloodshed. 

Burd.—VT. ftH^wr, a qoMrelflome, oooteattooi, or 

lldglooa person. The origin Is most probelily So. 0. 

brigdrOi litigate. 
BRBHON, t. The name giTen to hereditary Judges 

appointed by authority to determine, on stated times, 

all the controyersies which happened within their 

respectire districts. By the Brekon law, eren the 

most atrocioos offenders were not punished with 

death, imprisonment, or exile ; but were obliged to 

pay a fine called Eric. Dr. Maepkerton.-^Ir. 

Ureatkav, breitluav, still signifies a Juige. Ballet 

supposes that Breth has been used in this sense by 

the ancient Gauls ; whence Vergcbrtt, the name of 

the supreme magistrate among them. Ir. Fear go 
. fraitk literally signifies the man who Judges. 
To BRBT, V, a. To terrify. TTyntoien.— A. 8. brtg- 

a»t id. probably allied to 8w. frry, to rex. 
To BBXID, BaxoB, «. n. To resemble. Y. Bkadb, v. 

BESU), t. Breadth. On lnre<d, broad, or in brsadth. 

Lyncbay.— A. S. braed ; Su. Q, bredd, id. Brtde 

occurs in O. X. B. Brunne. 
BRXID, Bbbd, ff. 1. Bread. 2. A loaf or mass of 

bread by itself, whether large or small ; still tuI- 

garly used in this sense, 8. KeUk'i Hitt. 
BRBID, Beiso, t. A breadth of doth, woollen or 

linen, 8. 
3b BREIV, BasTi, Brbub, Bbiw, «. a. 1. To write, 

to commit to writing. Palioe i^Hon. 2. To com- 
pose. Dunbar. — Alem. of^briaS-on, scribere ; Su. Gh. 

5«&fV-«Ki, Uteris conflrmare. L. B. frrevtare, in 

breves redigere. 
BREIF, Beiut, Bbixf, i. A spell. Stenw.— O. Fr. 

btff^ bri^, legende, tsUsman, de bmU ; L. B. breo- 

BRETFX, Bbbtb, t. A writing. Wyntown. — A. 8. 

bratUt literae ; Oerm. brie/t a letter ; Isl. 8u. G. 

br^, eplstola, diploma ; Fr. bri^, dreee, a writ. These 

are all from Let breve. 
BBEIBD, t. The surface, the uppermost part, the top 

of anything, as of liquids. MeliritPi JTA— BridenUy 

the same with Bbbed, q. ▼. 
BBEITH, a^. Proceeding from fervour of mind. — 

Su. G. braede, ira. Y. Beaitb. 
B&EIYE, «. A kind of Judge In the Western Islands 

of 8. It originally seems to be nearly the same with 

Brekon. Oord. Hitt. Suth. 
BREK, t. 1. Breach in a general sense ; as breach of 

promise. 2. WcMir brekt the breaking out of water. 

DougloM. 8. Quarrel ; contention of parties, like X. 

breach. Pari. Ja. III. 4. Brde of a ship, the 

breaking up of a vessel from its being wrecked, or 

the shipwreck itself. Teut. tAip-breke^ naufmgium. 
BREK, t. Uproar, tumult. DouqUu. — Isl. brak, 

strepltus, tumultus, eg brak-n, strepo, crepo, 8u. G. 

braak-a ; metaph. de molesto quovis labors. 
BREKANE TTNI8, «. jrf. Mis-spelling for Brigandinu. 

Beoordif Adt Ja. 17. 
BRBKBXNACH, t. A particular mllftaty ensign, 

signifying the blessed or consecrated banner. Old 

BREMB, a4/. Furious, Wynt. Y. BaiM. 
BRENDE, pari. pa. Burnt, so as to be thoroughly 

purified. Y. BuAiT SiLvn. Sir Gawin arkd Sir 


BRUni, ff. Oorslet, habagMB. Y. Bttma. Sir 
Oawan cmd Sir Oed. 

To BRXNN, Biiv, «. a. To ban. Mtn^OoU.-'ThB 
A. & is ftym-ffs. Awmi Mfi BrAi lesembto the Isl. 
and Germ. v. Brenming, 

BRENT, pret. va&pmri. Burned ; 8. krmU. DeuglM. 
—A. 8. d r w m -fa itf , burning ; Isl. frrsun, axdeo. 

BBBNT, ado. 1. 8iialght, dixeeay; as, "He looked 
me bremt V the ftwe,'* BoXbu 2. Straightforward. 2b 
come brent on, to advance feailesaly, or predpUately, 
In a straight line, Loth. Selkirka 8. To Hate, or See, 
a thing brent, to see it distinctly, as if dlnotty before 
one. Loth. — Probably allied to Id. brana, andaeter 
mere, caprlno more feirt, brunek, progredi, eumra. 

BRENT, ff. A door post. Bemaint ITiA. Song.-^Itl. 
brand-ar, oolnmna lignea ante fores, dooi^posts or 

BRENT, a^j. High, stnlight, vprfght ; smooth, not 
wrinkled, 8. MatttoMd Poeme. It most fkvqoently 
occurs in one peculiar applloation, in oonnexioii wltii 
brow, as denoting a high forehead, as contradis- 
tinguished firom one that is flat. Demglat.—'A. Bor. 
brant, or brunt, steep. A bremt hill, Norttwmb. It 
is also used in WestmoreL Bront4tnno, a steep hill ; 
8u. G. ftryn, vertex mentis ; Isl. brunrek, to lift one^ 
self on high. Heo Jndicio bryn notat id, qnod ceteris 
superstat, aut prae aUis eminet ; Dure. Isl. brmn,^frraimen, Alem. ftraofie^ the eyebrow. 8w. 
hrant, steep ; en bremt klippa, a rteep rock. 

BRBNT-BROWXD, adj. Forward ; Impndent, Perths. 

BRENT-RNOLL, ff. A steep, conical hill, Somersets. 

BRSNT-TORB, n A rock of a stmilar chamoter, 

BRENT-NEW, quite new. Y. Bbasd-ssw. 

BRBRD, ff. The whole substance on the Ikoe of the 
earOk. CfoMfom and Ooi.^k.. 8. brerd, smnmum. 

To BRERE, V. n. To germinate. Y. Bkass. 

BRESOHE, ff. An attack. JTimw.— So. G. breuk-a, 
sonitum edere, tumultum exdtaredenotat, asimpliol 
bradt, sonitus ; Ihre. It may, however, be originally 
the same with BraA, q. ▼. 

BRESS, ff. The chlmney-pieoe; the back of the fire- 
place. Tke SntaU. Y. Beaob. 

BRE88, jd. Bristles. Dwnbar, 

BRES8IE, ff. A fish, supposed to be the Wrasse, or 
Old Wife, Labrus Tinea, Linn. Sibbcdd. Perhaps 
radically the same with B. wrasse. 

BREST, part pa. Forcibly removed ; or as denoting 
the act of breaking away with vioiinice ; fbr bmnt. 
DougUu. Breste, to burst. Chaucer. 

To BREST, V. «. To burst. BoOoek.Sw. britt^ id. 
Y. Beist. 

BRETH, ff. Apparently, rage, wrath. JEToiikite.— 8n. 
G. Isl. braede, pzaeceps ira, furor. This is probably 
allied to braad-ot, aoceleimre. 

BRETHIR, Bekthbe, ff. pi. Brethren. Wfntown. — 
Isl. and Sw. frroeder, brethren. A. 8. bretker, id. 

BRETS. ff. jpl. The name given to the Welch or andent 
Britont, in general ; also to those of Strath-clyde, as 
disttngnished ftnm the Scots and Picts. tord Bailee. 
Wyntown uses Brettyt a* the pi.— A. 8. Brettas, 
Britones ; Bryt, Brito, Britannus. 

BRETTT8, ff. A fortification. ITyntotsn.— L. B. 
bretetckia, brUeetkia. It properiy denotes wooden 
towers or castles ; BretaAiae, castella llgnea, quibus 
eastra et oppida muniebantur, Oallts Br^eequ^, 
bretecket ; Du Gangs. Perluips radically allied to 
Su. G, bryt-a, to contend, to make war. 

roBREYX,«.a. To write. Y. Baity. 




BRBUK, ff. A kind of boU ; ippuently the nn« irlfh 
B&oiOK, q. T. 

BRBUKliB, $. A cant term far a amlth's bellows, 8. B. 
Pxobebly dwired from the deBignatlon giren to the 
Bladcanith himself. Y. Bkookib. 

B&BW, «. Broth, soup. Y. Bbbs. 

BBBW-OBISSH, 9. A term expresslTe of a datr paid 
to a landholder or saperior, which ooccurs In old law- 
deeds. It U BttU nsed, Aberd. Sometimes It is 
called Anetv-CoUow. 

B&IBOUB, BaTBovB, i, A lew, beggarly fellow. 
B a mm a ti f ne Poewu.^Wt, Irtbewr^ "a beggar, a 
serap-erarer ; also, a greed j devourer f briber^ to 
beg ; and Uiis flrom 6rAe, a Imnp of bread given to 
a beggar; Cotgr. 0. B. brim, brib, a morsel, aftag" 

BBICHXN, c Breeehes. O. BeaUie, 

BRIGHT, Betoht, A yoong woman, stiictfy as eonrey- 
ing the idea of beauty. 1FalXaee.->Merel]r a poetical 
use of the adj. brigM ; in the same manner as an- 
cient writers vmeAfre, elere, Ac In modem B./sfr 
is ased in the same manner. 

BBICK, «. A loaf of biead of an oblong fonn, 8. It 
is applied to breed of different siaes ; as, a penny 
briek, « tkreqpenny bridt, a ^ptarter 6r<ofc, i. e. a 
qaurtem loaf. It is so denominated ftom its re- 
semblance to a brick made of clay. 

BRICK, t. A breach, 8. breqk, Bovb, Y. Baios of 

BRICK or LAND, Apparently a division, a portion, as 
distinguished firom others.— l^nt. ftroesJbe, braeekt' 
Undj land that is not taken in, or what is lying 
faarTen.~Bnt, perhaps, rather from the v. fo Break ; 
Uke^SAei ef land ftrom i8%ed, to diTide.— A. 8. brie, 

BRICKLB, o^/. Brittle. MimnfeBxpeA, Y. BauKTU 

BRIB, Baii»Di,4. A bird, a pallet StrOcnocmand 
Sir Chi.— A, 8. brid is nsed for chicken, as also 8. 

BRIDAL^ 9. A Crav^i Bridal ; the deslgnatioB gtren 
to a nunerous flight of crows, 8. 

BRTDB, «. Not nnderstoodi Peiliapi^ damsel ; as, 
Brid in boare, for bird. 

BRIDGES 8ATIN1, «. Satin made at Bmges in JTlan- 
den. Y. Bano and Btoio. 

BRIDLAND, part. pre. PMworf.— Apparently, q. 
bridalling, drinking as freely as men do at a bridal. 

BRIDLB, s. The piece of iron fastened on the end of 
the beam of a plough, to wbi^ the harness is at- 
tached, 8. A. Apr. Surv. Bomb. 

^BRner, adj. l. Keen, Upp. aydea. 2. Clerer ; as, 
a brief dieemme^ a good sermon ; " He gae as a 
very ftr<(f sermon," Ang. 

Tq BRISN, Basiv, v. n. Apparently, to roar ; to bel- 
low, 8. B. dinner.— Perhaps from Isl. brixn-ii^ 
aodaeter ruere ; or ftom bran-o, caprino mors feror ; 
Dan. brymrnen, to roar. Y. Bbatvb. 

2\)BRIERD,e. ti. To germinate. BoUoOe. Y. Baasa, «. 

BRIG, Bbbo, Baro, «. A bridge, 8. A. Bor. Uncash. 
WaUace.'^A. 8. brieg, briffge, 8a. G. bryggct, Belg. 
bru0t id. Ihre views brygga as a diminotive from 
bro^ ano. bru, which has the same meaning. 

BRIG en a hair ; " Brig <»* ae hair," Aberd. A veiy 
narrow bridge, 8^ B. 

To BRIG, V. a. To throw a bridge over ; to bridge ; 
as, * ' To brig a bam," Lanarks. Bannaijfne^t Trans. 

BIGANCn, «. Robbery ; depredation ; violence. Aeti 
Jo. F/.— This word is synon. with Fr. brigamdaoe 
and briganderU ; bat in form more neariy resembles 

Lb B. brigameii, modem term ftr^ondt; fromftrf^o, 

Tr. briffuet Jurgiom, rixa, pogna. 
BRIGANBR, t. pi. A robber, 8. B.— Evidently from 

brigand. Jaum. Land. Spalding. 
BRIGDIB, BBioDt, M. The basking shark, Sqaaloa 

Maximos, Linn., North of 8. ShetL 
BRIK, t. Yiolation; breaek. Keitk.-^A, 8. brie, 

raptora, fmctlo. 
BRIKCANBTYNE8, s. Armow called Brigandinei. 

Act. Dom, Oone. 
BRIL, t. The merryfhonght of a fowl. Sibbald. — 

Tent brUf ossiculum circa pectus a specilli slmiU- 

todine dictum. Also called qiseCacIef. Y. BasBLS. 
BRYLUES, «. pi. Beartwrries. Y. Bbawubb. 
BRYLOCKS, $. pL Apparently, the whortle-berry ; or 

Yaodnlum vitls idaea, QmeiL braoHag, breif^'lac, id. 
BRIM, Bbtm, Bbbxb, a4;. 1. Raging, swelling ; ap- 
plied to the sea. BeUenden. Isl. brim, the raging 

of the sea. The word is thns defined ; Aestus maris, 

vehementibns proeellls littus verberans ; Dial Lex. 

Run. A. 8. brim, brym, salum, aeqoor, mare, the 

sea. 2. Fierce, violent. BeUenden. 8. Stem, 

rugged ; applied to the countenance. DougUu. 4. 

Denotixig a great degree either of heat or of cold. 

Dongku. Thus, " a brim frost," is still a common 

phrase for a severe fhMit, 8. B. ft. Bleak, exposed 

to the weather, Dumfr. 
BRIM, «. A cant term for a trail. Loth. Callander 

of Cralgforth, in some MS. notes, mentions brim, as 

signifying a scold, 8. This has, most probably, been 

the primary sense. 
BRIMJB, 9. Pickle ; X. brine. ** As sauf s brime," as 

salt as biine, 8.— A. 8. Belg. Fris. bryne, muda. 

But the 8. pron. is trem A. 8. frrym, salom ; IsL 

brim, fluctus, brimealt, valde salsum. 
BRYMLY, ado. Fiercely ; keenly. WaU. vlL W5. 

Y. Abtailtb. 
BRIMMIN, part. pr. Applied to a sow desirous of the 

boar. Y. Bbiwmib. 
To BRYN, Bbiv, Bibb, v. a. To bum. Barbonr.^ 

8a. G. brtnn^ ; Germ, breim-ant id. ; A. 8. 6ryne, 

BRIN, BaiBB, t. A ray ; a beam; a flash, 8. B. Foemt 

BRINDLB, i. Cash ; money. A cant terai, Aberd. 
To BRING HAMS, oa HOMB, «. a. To bring to the 

world, 8. ; equivalent to B. v. to bring forth. Fits- 

BRINOLE-BRANGLB, f. A veiy confused bustle, 

Lanarks. A reduplicative term, of which Biaboill, 

V. or a. may be viewed as the origin. 
BRINK. To Bbibx. Perhaps, inwardly. Sir Trietrem. 

— Q. in pectore ; Isl. Su. G. bring-a, pectus. 
BRINKIT, part. pa. Pertiaps, bronaed. Bannatyne 

Poem«.— So. G. brinna, to bum, or braecka, to roast. 
BRYN8TANX, BfiVBT-svARB, «. Brimstone ; sulphur. 

Douglae.-'A. 8. bryn, inoendium, and $tan, q. lapis 

inoendli sen inoendiarius ; Sw. broMuten, id. 
BRYRIB, ». Lyk bryHe ; equivalent to the vulgar 

phrase, like daft. Montgomer^i Poem*. 
BBI8KST, BiBBBT, t. 1. The breast, 8. Merieon. 2. 

It is nsed obliquely, and perhaps rather arbitrarily, 

for the stmnach. Hogget PeriU of Man. — Fr. briehet, 

id. Perhaps we have the origin of the word in Isl. 

brioife, 8w. brutk, gristle. The word in B. denotes 

" the breast of an animal." It bears this sense also 

in 8., and is sometimes corr. called briAin. 
BRI8MAK, «. The name given to Torsk, or Tusk, In 





BRI8SAL, (K^. Bzittte. 01. Slbb.— Alem. hnmi, 
flrB«iUtu, Otfrld ; Fr. tfreHUer, rompre, briaer, mettie 
en piices. Ol. Boqoefoit. 

BBISSBL-COCK, t. Apparently the taitey-cock. 
Pit$ooUie.—DtDomlntktxdt pertiaps, from its rough 
and briitly appearance ; or q. BrtuU-coek, as, ao- 
cording to Pennant, the turkey was unknown to the 
old woild before the diaooveryof America. "The 
Arst birds of this kind,** he supposes, "must have 
been brought from Mexico." 

To BRI8SLE, v. a. To broil, ito. T. Biasu. 

To BRIST, Bbtst, t. To burst. Wfntown.—lA. 
brt$t-a ; Dan. britt-erf frangi, rumpi, com fnigore 
(crepitu) disslUre. 

BBISTOW, i. and adj. A designation giren formeily 
to white crystals set In zings, Ac., got at Bt Vincent's, 
a steep rock on the banks of the Avon, in the vicinity 

BRITH, «. A term which seems to mean wrath or con- 
tention. Gawin and (?oi.— -So. O. braede, anger, 
hrUfdy controversy, briod-a^ to litigate. 

BRITHER, «. The vulgar pronunciation ot brotkert 8. 

To BRITHER, v. a. 1. To match ; to find an equal to, 
Lanaiks. 2. To initiate one into a society at corpora- 
tion, sometimes byaveiy ludicrous or filthy process, 8. 

To BRITHER DOWN, «. a. To accompany in being 
swallowed ; to go down in brothertiood, Ayn. Pideen. 

To BRITTTN, Bavm, Baam, v. a. 1. To break 
down, in whatever way. Oawan and CM. 2. To 
kill ; applied both to man and beast. JJouglat. — It 
is also written bertjfn. A. 8. bryt-an ; Su. G-. bryt^k ; 
Id. briot-a, frangere. Y. BaaTwrr. 

Tb BRITTLE, «. a. To render fHable,— Vormed fhun 
the S. adj. brittle ; originally from A. 8. Ary ti-a» ; 
8u. G. bryt-a, briU-a ; Isl. briot-Of to break. 

BRITTLE-BRATTLE, c. Hurried motion, causing a 
clattering noise, lanarks. Y. Bbatttl. 

BRITURE, HouUxtey ill. 8, is in Bannatyne MS. brtt wre. 

To BRIZE, Bhiss, o^ a. 1. To press. 2^ To bruise, 
8. V. BiftSB. 

To BROACH, V. a. To rougb-hew. Broat^ed stones 
are thus distinguished from aiMer or polished work, 
8. T. Bboohb, Bboacb, v. 

BROACH, t. A sort of flagon or pot Ikmid. 8ea». — 
L. B. broehia ; Ital. brooeo, a pitoher, a water^pot. 

BROAD-BAND. V. Bbaid-band. 

BROAKIT. Y. Bbookbo; 

BBOAKIE, 4. 1. A designation given to a cow whose 
Usee is variegated witii black and white, & 2. Also 
to a person whose face is streaked with dirt, 8. 

BROAKITNBSS, «. The state of being variegated, as 
above, in both senses. 

BROBLB, «. A sharp-pointed piece of wood to keep 
horses asunder in ploughing ; also called a Hiddie- 
giddie. This is clearly a diminutive from A. Bor. 
brob, to prick with a bodkin. Y. Bbub. 

BROCARD, t. The first elements or maxims of the 
law; an old forensic term. FowUainkaU. — ^Fr. 
brocard ; L. B. brooardium ; Hisp. ftrooordioo, Juris 

BUOCH, BaoTCH, i. A narrow piece of wood or metal 
to support the stomacher, Gl. Slbb.— 8. A. and 0., 
apparently an oblique use of Fr. broehe, a q>it. In 
O. Fr. the word is synon. with baton. 

BROCHAN (ffutt ), t. Oatmeal boiled to a consistence 
somewhat thicker than gruel, 8. It dilTers from 
Crowdie, as this is oatmeal stirred in cold water. 
Martin.— Qwtl. brodian, pottage ; also» gruel ; 0. B. 
brykan, a sort of flummery. 

To BBOOHS, o. a. To prick ; to pierce. Douifku.— 
Fr. brother un okeocrf, to spur a horse ; properly to 
strike him hard with the spurs. Hence, 

BROGHB, t. 1. A spit. Oawan and Ool, 2. "A 
narrow piece of wood or metal to support tiie sto- 
macher." Gl. 8ibb. 8. A wooden pin on which yam 
is wound. 4. As mnoh yam as such a pin contains. 
8. Douglai. 6. A narrow-pointed iron instrument, 
in the form of a chisel, used by masons in hewing 
stones ; also called a punekeon, 8.— BvidenUy the 
same with Fr. 6rocke, a spit. Arm. brochenf signi- 
fies a Bpit» from frroo^ to pierce, transflgere. 

To BROCHE, BaOAOB, «. a. To indent the surfisce of a 
Bt(Hie with this instrument, a broach, chisel, or 
puncheon, 8. When a broader tool is used, it is 
said to be drovtd. Both operations are contrasted 
with polishing, or complete dressing. 

BROCHE, B uoHB, Bboaob, s. 1. A chain of gold ; 
a sort of bulla, or ornament worn on the breast. 
DouqUu. 2, A fibula ; a clasp ; a breast-pin, 8. 
iftiief 2%reiioclie.— Isl. ftrots, stgnlfles Jl6iila ; 8u. G. 
dros, tnax Isl. brui-a, to fasten together; Gael. 
broiHde, a clasp, braitde, a brooch, Shaw. 

BROCHIT, jport pa. 8titched ;. sewed. Inventoria. 
— Fr. broAr€r, to stitch grossly, " to set or sows with 
(great) stitches." Cotgr. 

BROCHLB, (0tttt.) a^ Umj ; Indolent ; alao broOe, 

BROCHLB, 9. "A hwy, useless 5roeAI«" an inactive 
boy, ibid.— Gael, broghf and brogkaidhil, denote filth 
and dirt 

BROCHT, «. The act of puking. Leg. Bp. St, AndroH. 
— C. B. brodi, spuma. Y. BaAzixo. 

ro BROCK. Y. Bbok. 

BROOKED, BaoAKrr, ad^. Y«riegated ; having a mix- 
ture of black and white, 8. A cow is said to be 
broakit, that has black spots or streaks, mingled with 
white, In her fkce, 8. B. Statitt. Aec 8n. G. brokuo, 
bvokig, party-coloured ; Ir. breach, speckled ; Gael. 
bruoadi, spedcled in the flsce ; Dan. broged, id. 

Tea BavB o* tbb Bacoux Ewbs. A metaphorical 
phrase for mutton broth. 

BROCKLIE, a4^ Brittie. Y. Biouxtl. 

BROD, i. 1. A board ; any flat piece of wood ; a lid, 
8.— A. Bor. brtid, a shelf or board, Ray. 2. Trans- 
ferred to an escutcheon on which arins are blaioned. 
8. Commonly used to denote the vessel for receiving 
alms at the doors of churches, 8.— Isl. broth ; A. 8. 
braed, bred, id. 

To BROD, v.a. 1. To prick ; to Job ; to spur, 8. XhuQloi, 
Complaynt S. 2. To piercer so as to produce an 
emission of air ; used metaph., fh Fergtuon. 8. To 
incite ; to stimulate ; applied to the mind. DougUu. 
8u. G. frrodd, cuspls, aculeus ; Isl.. brodd, the point 
of an arrow ; sometimes the arrow itself ; a Javelin ; 
any pointed piece of iron or steel ; brydd-a, pungere ; 
Dan. brod, a sting, a prick ; Ir. Gael, brod-am, to 
spur; to stimulate. 

BROD, Bbodb, 9. 1. A sharp-pointed instrument; 
as the goad used to drive oxen forward, 8. Wyntoton. 
2. A stroke with a sharp-pointed instrument, 8. Oena- 
playni S. 8. An incitement ; Instigation. Vouclas. 

BRODDIT STAFF. " A staff with a sharp point at the 
extremity," Gl. Bibb. Also called a pbee-ttaff, 8. 
This is the same with broggit-ttaff. Y. Bsoo. 

BROD, s. Brood ; breed. Loth.— A. 8. brod, proles, 
firom bredron, fovere. Hence, 

BROD-H£N| t. A hen that hatches a brood of chickens. 




BBOD HAIB, Brodxill, t. The brood broqght forth, 
or littered, at the aune time. Jkmffku. — From A. 8. 
hrody prolee, and mad, tempos ; or 0. Oerm. woet, 
consors, locltia, wheDoe e&vhemadf conjonz, Killui. 

BROD80W. A BOW that hu a Utter. Folwmt. 

BBODMOTHBR, BRODSMoniBB, t. 1. A hen thai 
hatches a brood of chickens, Ang . Loth. 2. Metaph. 
applied to a female who is the mother of a family. 

BBODDIT AITIS, i. Bapposed to be the same with 
Bearded oaU. Act. AudU.—Bn. O. brodd, the first 
spire of grain, as well as anything that is shaip> 

BBODEBRIT, parL pa. Embroidered. InteiUorieg, 
— Fr. brod-eTf to embroider; whenee Irodetir, an 
embroiderer; So. O. border-a, aco pingere. Y. 

BuOD, 9. 

BBODIJB, t. Fry of the rook-tangle or hettle ; codling, 
Fife. — A. S. brod, proles, B. brood 

BBODTKTNNIS, s. pi. Boskins or half-boott. BtiU 
osed in this sense in Aberd. Y. BBOTBKim. 

BBODINSTABB, BBODimrsB, «. An embroiderer /«- 
venioHet. T. Bbowdirbtab 

BRODYBB, Bbodib, «. A brother ; pL bredir, bredyrt. 
WyntowiL — Isl. broduTf pL brooder. 

BBODIB-DOCHTBR, «. A niece, fl. Wyntowm. 
Brodir-eon or brolker-iOH, and siiter-foii, are osed in 
the same manner ; and brotker^im for eoufin, 8.— 
A. 8w. idiom : Broredotter, niece ; ftrorson, nephew ; 
brorebamf the children of a brother. 

BBOB, m. Broth ; soap ; the same with Blraip. Taylor's 
8. Poems- 

To BROO, o. a. To pierce ; to strike with a shaip in- 
strument, B. Aett Jo, I. Hence broggit ttaff, 
mentioned as a substitate for an axe. The teim j^rog- 
itaff\M now osed in the same sense, q. ▼. 

BROG, t. 1. A pointed instrument, Mch as an awl ; a 
bnd-awl, 8. 2. A Job with soch an instrument, 8. 

BROO, Bboour, s. a coarse and light kind of shoe, 
made of horse leather, much osed by the Highlanders, 
and by those who go to shoot in thehills, 8. Lord 
HaUet. — Ir. Gael. broOt * shoe. 

BROGH, «. liegal surety ; proof of rightful possession ; 
Te mauH bring brogh and hammer (or hammel) for*t, 
L e., Too must bring proof for it. Loth.— In the 
north of Germany, the phrtse burg und emmer is 
used in a similar sense, as denoting legal security. 
Our ftrogJk, and Germ, bwrg^ both denote surstiship. 
Dan. keimm^ authority ; a voucher ; a title. Wolff- 

To BROGLE, Brooglb, o. n. 1. To persist ineffectually. 
Is stdke a pointed instrument into the same place, 
Laoarics. 2. To fail in doing any piece of work in 
which one engages ; to be unable properly to finish 
what one has begun, Berwicks. Belkirks. 8. «. a. 
To boteh ; to bungle ; to spoil, 'ibid. 

BROGLE, BaoooLB, t. An ineffectuaUttempt to strike 
a pointed instrument into a particular place, lanarka. 

BROGGLER, «. 1. The person who makes this in- 
elTectual attempt. Ibid. 2. A bad tradesman ; a 
bungler, Belkirks. Brogle seems to be a frequenta- 
tire from the v. to Brog^ to pierce. 

To BROGLE, Bboqolb, v. o. To prkk, Loth. Mrog, 
Job, synon. 

To BROGLE up, v. a. To patch ; to Tamp ; applied to 
shoes, Roxb. ; q. to cobble, or work by means of an 
awl or sliarp*pointed implement. 

BROGUE, «. *'A hum; a trick," 8. Btfmt.—Isl. 
broody astus, stratagemata, Yerel. Irigd, Id. 

BROG-WORT, BaoDO-woBT, $. A species of mead, 
Fife. Y. Bbaowobt. 

BROICB. Leg. BroiU, Barbour. 

BROICH, BaoioB, (gutt.) t. Fume. A broidiofheai ; 

a violent heat; a state of CMOplete perspiration, 

lAnarka Perths. Bynon. with ftrotike, q. v.— G. B. 

brocks spuma, foam, froth. Broolk-^ to fume. Oioen. 
BBOIG, adj. Perhaps from Bntgee in FUnderk 

Broig Saiin. Ha^e Sootia Sacra. Y. Baikib. 
To BROICH, v.n. To be in a fume of heat; to be in 

a state of violent perspliation and panting, Lanarica. 

To BROIK, BBomt, «. a. To poaKSS ; to enjoy, 8. 
Act. Dom. Conc-^k. 8. bniek^n ; Tout druyd^^n, 
fhii, po tlri. B. brook is properly to endure. 
I0 BROILTO, V. a. This term is applied to what is 
first parboiled, and then roasted on the brander or 
gridiron, Fife.— 0^ Fr. AmiU-er, griller, rdtir, secher ; 
BROILLERIB, f . A state of contention. Cbdoerofl.— 

Fr. ftrovAIertfe, eonfuslon. Y. Bbultib. 
BROIZLE, Bbooslb, v. a. 1. To press ; to crush to 
atoms. 2. The term seems to be also used in a loose 
sense, Ettr. For. Sogg.—Ttvi. brooO-en, ftrsusel-en, 
in mlnlmas Bilcaa firangere. 
BROK, t. Use.— A. 8. brooe ; Tent, broke, bruyk, 

gke-bruyk, id. Y. Bbuik. 
BBOK, Bbook, Bboes, t. I. Fragments of any kind, 
especially of meat, 8. Bannatyne Poeme. 2. Trash ; 
reftise, Fife.— Moea G. ffo^ntko : Alem. bnuk, id. 
Hence also Germ, brodce, a ftagment. 
To BROX, Baoox, «. a. To cut, crumble, or fritter 
anything into shreds or small parcels, 8. — Apparently 
formed as a ftnequentatiye^ ftom brook. If not Im- 
mediately from the «. 
BROKAR, t. A bawd ; a pimp. Douglae.^ThiM is 

merely a peculiar ose of E. broker. 
BROKED, e4j. Yariegated. Y. Bbookbo. 
* BROKEN, part. pa. IndlTiduals under sentence of 
outlawry, or who Ured as Tsgabonds and public de- 
predators, or were separated firom their clans in 
oonseqnenee of crimes, were called Broken Men. 
AeU Ja. VI. Spatdimg. 
BROKEN-WINDED, adj. Bhort-wlnded ; asthmatic , 

genemlly applied to horsea 8- 
BR0KrLL,a4;. Brittte. Y. Bbvktl. 
BROKIN 8T0RIT. The stores broken in npon, of a 

ship, Ac. AeL Dom. Cone 
BR0KITTI8, fl. pi. The same with B. Brocket, a red 

deer of two years old. DougUu.—Vt. brooart, id. 
BRONCHED, pret. Pierced. SirOawanandSirGal. 

—Probably an eiror for Crocked, from Fr. brocker. 
BRONDYN, part. pa. Branched. IToiiiate.— Fr. 

6rondet, preen boughs or branchea 
BRONGUB, M. A name given to the Cormorant, Bhetl. 

Penn. Zool. 
BRONYS, BaouBTB, Browhis, a. pi. Branches ; bougha 

Dov4fla».—Jnm. the sune origin with Brondyn. 
To BR0N8E, «. n. To overheat one's self In a warm 
sun,, or by sitting too near a strong fire, 8.— Isl. bruni, 
inflammatio ; Moes. G. frrwwte, Inoendlum. 
BRONT, part. pa. Bomt, 8. brunt. Bouglat. Y. 

Brtb, v. 
BROO, fl. ** I hae noe ftroo of them ava," I have no 

favourable opinion of them. Old Mortality. 
BROO, fl. Broth, Juice, Ac. Y. Bubb. 
BROOD, fl. 1. A young child. 2. The yoongest child 

of a family, Roxb.— A. 8. 6rod, proles. 
BBOODIE, (mO*- 1- Prolific ; applied to the female of 
any species that hatches or brings forth many young ; 
as, a broodie ken, 8. 2. Brudy, applied to either 





BdUmden. 8. Fruitful ; In a general aonae, 
8. Z. Bojfd, A. 8. firod^ inenbaos. 

To BKOOiriiB, BM7FL1, v.n. To be In a grwt hurry ; 
■ynon. with Broocfie, Ettr. For. This Beens to be 
the nme with Brt^jUt Q* ▼• 

BBOOVLE, BaurLi, «. Impetnoiu haste, Sttr ror. 

BBOOK, «. Soot adhering to anything, S. B. 

3V> BROOK, V. a. To mU with aoot, S. B. 

BBOOKJBT, a4;. HaTlng a dirtj face, B. Y. BaouKiT. 

BBOOKIE, ae^j. Dirtied with soot : sooty^ib. 

BBOOKIS, «. 1. A ludicroos deeignation tor a black- 
smith, from his Hmm being begrimed, & B. XVisTni't 
Poem$. 2. A designation for a child whose tMoo is 
streaked with dirt, & 

BROOK ABLB, <u^'. What nmy be borne or eodored, 
8. ; fh>m B. ftroofe, «. 

BBOOH-DOO. t. An instrament for grabbing op 
btooMf Meania. 

BB008B, t. A race at country weddings. Y. Bavsa. 

BB008T, «. Apparently, a spring or rlolent exertion 
forward. Peihaps a oorr. of the v, to hreoMt, need in 
the same sense ; and from Hoes. G. hruit, the breast. 

BROOSTLB, t. 1. A Yeiy bustling state ; coming for- 
ward Impetuonsly, Xttr. Vor. 2. Applied to a keen 
chase. Hogg. This differs from JBreetrtl, Fife, 
merely in the change of the rowels. — Id. bn»-a, 
aestuare, ftroemr, oontentlosns ; Dan. brut-er to 
rush, to foam, to rear ; applied to the waves of the 

To BROOSTLB, BausTLn, «. n. To be in a bustle aboot 
little ; to be in a great huny, Xttr. For. ; pron. q. 

To BBOOZLE, Bkuizls, v, n. To perspire fiolently 
from toU, TeTlotd.— Belg. broeiim, to grow wann or 
hot ; or Tent bruyunf to foam, as we speak of a 
broOit of sweat; Isl. bratdOOj f^o, Uqueftctlo, 
JmU'O, aestuare. 

BBOBB, «. 1. A kind of pottage made by pouring boil- 
ing water or broth on meal, which is stirred while 
the liquid is poured, 8. The dish is denominated 
from the nature of the liquid ; as, waUrAymo, kaU- 
brote. Bon. 2. In Olydes. the tenn is applied to 
oat-meal porridge before it is thoroughly boiled. — 
A. 8. cealet briu^ kail-broo, 8. ; briwu ntmoA, to 
take pottage or broaa- 

BBOSE-MBAL, «. Heal «f peas much parched, of 
which jaecM-^rote is made, 8. 

BBOSE-TIHE, t. Supper-time. fH. AiUiquarjf. 

BB08T-FAOED, ado. Having a flit and flaccid ftoe, 
8. St. JcknUoun. 

BB08IE, Bbost, adj. 1. Semifluid, 8. 2. Hetaph. 
soft ; inactive, Lanarks. 8. Bedaubed with brote or 
porridge, 8. 4. Haking nse of fritwe in one's profes- 
sion, 8. 0. 

BB08ILIB, adv. In an inactive manner, Lanaiks. 

BBOSINESS* t. 1. State of being semUuid. 2. Hetaph. 
Inactivity, proceeding fkom softness of disposition, 

BROT, BuOTAOH, f. A quilted cloth or covering, used 
for preserving the back of a horse from being ruffled 
by the SkitMdif on which the pannels are hung, 
being fiMtened to a pack-saddle, Heams.— Isl. brot, 

To BROTCH, V. a. To plait straw-ropes round a stack 
of com, 8. B. ; ^non. BraA^ q. v.^Isl. bnu^ to 

BR0TEKIN8, BaOTiKin, j pL. Buskins; a kind of 
half -boots. Zfndiay.— Fr. 6rodegv^; Tent. 6fOM- 
Jken, a buskin. 

BROTHX, t. *'A great brofU of sweat,** a vulgar 
phimse used to denote a violent perq>imUon, 8 —The 
woid may be ladically the same with frofk ; or allied 
to Isl. braedet braedde, llqueCsctio. 

To BROTHS, 9. n. To be in a state of proftiae per- 
splration, 8. Ckron. 8. Poet. 

To BROTHER, v. a. 1. To admit to the state, and to 
the privilq^es, of brotheriiood In any cwporaUon or 
society, 8. 2. It also denotes the oonvivial initiation 
of young membecB of a fraternity, as well as the 
lodicrons customs observed as a practical parody on 
them, 8. Y. Buthm. 

BROTHEE-BAIBN, f . The child of an undo ; a cousin, 
8. JPitoeoUio. 

BBOUAOE. SaUBrouaat. Salt made at JBrouoffr in 

BB0UD8TER, «. &nbroiderer. P»teoo<Me.~Fr. brod- 
er. to embroider. Y. Beowdis 

BROUKIT. BaooKED, Bbuokit, BBirxar, a4f. The 
face is said to be broukitf when it has spots or streaks 
of dirt on it ; when it is partly clean and partly foul. 
A sheep that is streaked or speckled In the &oe, is 
designed in the same manner. Burnt, — To BrudeOf 
to make dirty, Northumb. ; Qroae. There can be no 
doubt that this is originally the same with BaocKKD, 
Bkoaut. We may add to the etymon there given, 
Dan. broged, variegated ; speckled ; grlsled. 

BROW, t. " Jfae brow," no favourable opinion. "An 
ill 6rot0," an opinion preconceived to the disadvant- 
age of any person or thing, 8. Mary Stewart, Y. 

To BROW, «. a. To fisoe; to browbeat, Etu. For. 
Hogg.—Tnxa brow, ». superdlium. 

BROW », A rising ground. Qait. Tkt brow of a 
&<ll is an E. phrase, but broiw doeb not seem to be 
used in this sense by itself.— A. 8. dnMO-o, interei- 

BBOWCALDRONB, t. A vessel for brewing. AJbtrd, 

BROWDEN'D, part, pa Anayed ; decked, Aberd. 

BBOWDIN, Bbowdbi, part, pa. Fond ; wannly 
attached ; eagerly desirous ; having a strong propen- 
sity, 8. It often implies the idea of folly in the 
attachment, or In the degree of it. Montgomerie. 
" To browden on a thing, to be fond of it," Northumb. 
61. Grose. — It may be formed ttom. Belg. &roe(i-en, to 
brood ; to hatch ; all creatures being fond of their 

BBOWDTN, part. pa. Embroidered. Wyntown.-^ 

0. B. brod-iOt and Fr. brodrer, to embroider; Isl. 
brydd-a, pungere. brodd, aculeus. 

BROWDIM, part, pa. Xzpl. "clotted ; defiled ; filthy," 

01. Slbb. Ckr. Kirk, — Teut. brodde, soides. 
BROWDTNE, jNirt. pa. Displayed ; unfurled. Bar- 
bour.— A. 8. drcMd-oM, to dilate ; to expand. 

BB0WDIN8TAR, s. An embroiderer. CoU. ^f /»- 

BR0WDINSTER8CHIP, s. The profession of an 

embroiderer. Fonned from part pa. Browdyn, q. 

T. with the addition of the teimlnatton ster, which 

originally marked a female. Y. Bbowstsb. 
BROWIN, part. pa. Brewed, ^cte ifary.-^A. 8. 

browoOf coctns, conoootus. 
BB0WI8, t.i>l. Ezpl. "brats." Kei^'t Hiat.—Vex- 

haps from Teut frmyt, spuma. 
* BROWN, a4j. The broth-pot Is said to play brown, 

or to boil brown, when the soup is rich with animal 

Jnioe, 8. Bemaim Nitk. Song. 




To Look Brown, v. n. To appear diieoatented. Bot$. 

BHOWNIS, «. ▲ q»irit» tUl of late j«axs, supposed to 
haunt soma old houses, those, espedally, attached to 
fknns. Instead of doing any iuiory, he nas heUeved 
to be ▼•17 useful to the (knlly, particularly to the 
seryanta, if they treated him well ; for whom, while 
they took their neoessaxy refreshment in deep, he 
was wont to do many pieces of drudgery, S. Douglat. 
— Buddiman leeinn to think that these spirits were 
called Sromnitt, firam their supposed "swarthy ot 
tawny ookmr.** They may be viewed as correflpond- 
hig with the Swartal/aTy 1. e. twarthy or Uaek eWes 
of the Bdda, as the Liotd^ar, white, or fair elves, 
are analogous to our Fa*ria. 

BBOWNIK-BAS, «. A designation given to Brownie^ 
Bnchan. The addition to the ocnomon name may 
have originated flrom Browni«t being supposed 00- 
caslonally to frighten wom«i and children with a 
wild cry resombling that of a brute animal. 

BBOWNIFS-STONS. An altar dedicated to Brownie. 
MarHn*t Weti, Idandt. 

BBOWN JSNNST oa JANET, «. 1. A cant phrase for 
a knapsack. 2. Brown Janet is also explained as 
signifying a musket JPieken*tOl. 

BBOWN MAN OF THE M17IB8. A droich, dwarf, or 
subterranean elf. 01. Aniiquary. The Brown Man 
of the Muirs is a fairy of the most malignant order, 
the genuine dnerffar. Bord. Mintt. 

BBOWST, Bbowbst, s. 1. As much malt liquor aa is 
brewed at a time, fi. Bwrrow Lawet. 2. Used 
metaph. to denote the consequences of any one's 
eondnet, eqjMdally in a bad sense. This Is often 
called <• an ill browtt," S. *< Stay and drink of your 
browtt" 8. ProV., Take a share of the mischief you 
have occasioned. KtUy.—Jji. bmgp^ rmed, In- 
venire calllda ccnsilia, brugga »uik, struere insidias. 

BBOWSTSR, B10W8TAUE, «. A brewer, 8. Bottuku, 
~A. 8. ftriM^-on, ooquers oerevislam, to brew ; Tout 
brow-^nf id. ; Isl. eg brugo-a decoquo oerevlsias. 
In the andent Sazon, the tennination iter affixed to 
a «. masculine, makes it feminine. Thus, baeoe^e 
property signifies |>Mrte, " a womao-baker," 8omn. 

BB0W8TBB-WITE. A female ale-seller, especially in 
maritets, 8. Tarrant Poomt. 

To BBUB, «. a. To check, to restmin, to keep under, 
to oppress, to break one's spirit by severity, 8. B. ; 
allied perhaps to A. Bor. J/reb, to prick with a bodkin, 
01. Grose. 

BRUCHX, i. T. BaooBi. 

BBUCKILNXS8, Baoxiurns, f. 1. Brittteness, 8. 2. 
Apparently, incoherence, or perhaps weakness ; used 
metaphorically. Kint^i Huair. 8. Moral inability, 
jpoesu 160^ OaUmy. Vrom BauoKLB, ad{f, 

BRUGKIT, adj, Y. Bbookh). 

BRUCKLB, ckij/. Brittle. T. Bbuxti.. 

BBUCKLIX, adv. In a brittle slate or manner, Olydes. 
T. Bbuxtl. 

BRUBBBIT, jMirt pa, f latemlied.— Isl. bntdur ; 
Germ, ftraieier, a brother. T. Bbothbb, v. 

BBUDBRMAIST, odff. Most affectionate ; literally, 
most brotheriy. Dw»bar. 

BBUBT, adj. Prolific ; applied to either sez. BeUen' 
den. T. Baooni*. 

BRUE, t. y. Ban. 

2V> BBUmiB, V. ». lb 5rH^ and twMrf; to moU and 
toll ; to be tnrmoUed and overtieated, Dumfr. 

BRUQBATINB. 8atin made at Bn«ea 

BBUOH, BiooB, BaouaH, Bnaoa, t. 1. An encamp- 
ment of a dveiUar form, fi. B. In Lothian, encamp- 

ments of the drcolar form are called Rino-fortti firom 
A. 8. hrinQf orbis, circulus. 2. This name is also 
given to the stronger sort of houses in which the Picts 
are said to have resided. Brand. 3. A borough. 
" A royal brngh f ** A brngk of barony," as distin- 
guished from the other, 8. B. V . Buhch. 4. A hazy 
circlo round the disc of the sun or moon, generally 
considered as a presage of a change of weather, is 
called a frruaik or brogk^ 8. Statist. Aec 6. The 
name given to two circles which are drawn round the 
tee on the ice appropriated for curUiv, Clydes.— A. 8. 
beoroi borh, mnnimentum, agger, arx, '* a rampire, a 
place of defence and succour," Somner ; burg, cas- 
tellum, Lye. The origin is probably found in Moea 
O. bairgSf mens. 
BBXJOHXB, BaucHBB, t. ** A stone which comes 
within the circles dmwn round the tee^ in cwrling," 
To BBUGBLE, «. «. To be in a state of quick motion, 
and oppressed with heat H€t frruaiUtn up the brae, 
BBUGHTINS, f . J9l. Xn the 8outii of 8. at the LammoM 
/east, provided for the shepherds, an oat-cake or 
bannock is toasted, then crumbled down, and, being 
put in a pot over the fire with butter, is mode into a 
sort of pottage, and named Butter Brugktins. 
BBUGHTIN-OAKB, BaACOBTiii, s. Green cheese- 
paringi^ or wrought curd, kneaded with butter or 
suet, and broiled in the flrylng-pan. It is eaten with 
bread by way of kUAen, Boxb. These terms seem 
allied to 0. B. brw(Aan, Cktel. brockan, Fris. brvgghe, 
however, denotes bread besmeared with butter ; Tent 
bruwet, Jus, Jusculum, and Isl. bruggu, calida ooctio. 
V. BaocHiar. 
BBDIOK, Bacx, 9. A kind of boil, 8. €fl, QmplainL 
An inflamed tumour or swelling of the glands under 
the arm is called a bruitk-boU, 8. B. inron. as brook. 
— Ist bruk, elatio, tumor ; expl. of a swdiing that 
To BBUIK, Bbuxb, Beook, 9. a. To enjoy, to possess. 
Poems Buduui Dial.—k. 8. brue-an, Vranc. gebruek' 
en, 8u. G. Isl. bruk-a, Bdg. druydE-en, Germ. 
brauA'tn, to use. 
To BBUILTIB, BauLTii, «. n. To fight ; to be en- 
gaged in a broU, Aberd. Skinner.— ¥t. brouiU-er, 
to make a great hurlyburly, to Jumble. 
To BBUILTIB, Beultb, v. a. To bruUyie up, to put 

into a ferment, Vifo. 
To BBUIND, «. n. To emit sparks, Ac. V. fiarai). 
BBUINDIN, t. The emission of sparks. 
BBUISK, adj. Brisk; Uvdy; in high spirito.— 7r. 

BBUKYL, BavoKU, Bboktll, Beoklib, a4j. 1. 
Brittie, easily broken, & Kdly. Hamilton. 2. 
Metaph. used in relation to the unsettied state of 
political matters. BaiUie. Or of one's personal 
ooncems when in a state of disorder. Waveriejf. 8. 
YariaUe, unsettied, as applied to the weather. The 
Har'st Rig. i. It seems to signlijy soft, pliable, as 
applied to the mind. Wyniown. 6. Fickle, incon- 
stant WaJiace. 6. Inconstant, as including the 
idea of decdt Kinffs Quatr. 7. Weak, delicate, 
dokly, 8. B. 8. Apt to fall Into sin, or to yield to 
temptation. Abp. HoiaAfoiin.— Teut. brokei, flragilis, 
fh>m brok-en, f rangere ; 8w. braedcdig, id. ; Germ. 
brocklickt, crumbling. 
BBUKILNE8SB, s. T. BauoxiurBSS. 
BBUKIT, adj. Having streaks of dirt Y. Bboc 





To BRULTIE, v. a. To broil ; properlj to roast cold 
boiled meat on the gridiron, Fife.— Fr. ftnato*, 6rM2«r, 
to scorch. 
To BRULTIE, v. «. To be oreipowieTed with heat ; 
synon. with Brotke. 

BRULYIE, BavLTKMKirr, «. 1. A brawl, broil, tnj, or 
quarrel, S. Boa. Banuay. 8. Improperly used 
for a battle. Hamilton.— Vr. trouUUr^ to quarrel ; 
So. G. brylla, foerbrUla^ to embroil, a flrequentatlve 
ftrom bry, anc. 6ryd>a, vexare, turtMtre. 

2b BRUMBLEf v. n. To make a hollow murmuring 
noise, as that of the rushing or agitation of water in 
a pool, 8. 0. — Teut. brtvmmd-en^ rugire, mugiro ; 
lal. bruml^ murmurare, Su. G. ftromm-o, id. 

BRUMMIX, part, pr. Applied to a sow desirous of 
the boar, Fife, Bolder. Brimmint id., Loth. V. 

To BRUND, Bavnio, v. n. 1. To omit sparks as a flint 
does when struck.— /<'« hrundin^ the fire flies firom it, 
S. B. 2. To glance, to sparkle ; applied to the eye, 
as expressing either love or anger. CampbeU.—Bvi. 
G. brinn^ to bum. 

BRUNDS, Brusdis, BawTHin, «. pi, 1. Brands, pieces 
of wood lighted. WcUlace. 2. It seems to signify 
the remains of burnt wood, reduced to the state of 
charcoal,' and as perhaps retaining some sparks. 
Barbour. 8. The term is still commonly used in 
Aug., only with greater latitude. — A. 8. brond may 
be the origin ; as in Uie second sense it merely de- 
notes a firebrand almost entirely burnt out — Bronde 
is the 0. B. orthography for what is now written 

BRUNGLB, t. A Job ; a knavish piece of business, 
Glydes. Apparently originally the same with Branole. 

BRUNSTANE, «. Sulphur ; brimstone, Ayrs. Jacobite 
iSelics.— Genu. bom-Mteekt id. ; f^m Belg. ftom-en, 

BRUNSTANE, ac^j. Of or belonging to sqlphur, 8., ibid. 

BRUNSTANE-MATCn, i. A match dipped in sulphur ; 
vulgarly denominated a ipufiAr, 8. 

BRUNT, a<Hj. Keen; eager, Perths.— Teut bruntt^ 
ardor, catulitlo. 

BRUNT, pret. and part. pa. 1. Burned or burnt, 8. 
PiUcottit. 2. niegally touched ; a term used in 
Curling^ and various games, Clydes. 

BRUNTLIN, «. A burnt moor, Bachan. Perhaps 
corr. from brunt land. 

BRUNTLIN, adj. Of or belonging to a burnt moor. 
Tarraift Poemi. 

BRUS, t. Force, impeiui. Dougtat.—lMg. bruyueh- 
CM, to foam or roar like the sea; Su. G. bnu-a, 
sonare ; De aquis cum impetu ruentibusautfluctibus 
maris; Ihre. 

To BRUS, Brvsoh, v. a. To force open, to press up. 
ITyntoton.— Sicamb. frruys-en, premere, strepere. 

To BRUSCH, v. n. To buist forth, to rush, to issue 
with violence. WaUaee. Y. Baus, t. 

BRUSS, Broobb, Bruisb, t. To ride the briMe, 1. To 
run a race on horseback at a wedding, 8., a custom 
still preserved in the country. Those who are at a 
wedding, especially the younger part of the company, 
who are conducting the bride from her own house to 
the bridegroom's, often set off, at full speed, for the 
latter. This is called, riding the bruse. He who 
first reaches the house, is said to win (he brtue. 
JBums. 2. Metaph. to strive, to contend In whatever 
way. JS. OaUoway. This means nothing more than 
riding for the brosej broth or XeaO, the prise of spice- 
broth, allotted in some places to the victor. 

* BRUSH, «. To ffi€ a bnuk at any kind of woik ; to 
assist by working violently for a shcnt time, 8. — Iten. 
bnu-ert to rush, 
BRUSHIE, a4f. Spmcely dressed, or fond of dross; 
as, " He's a littte bruO^ie fsUow," Roxb.— Tent 
bruyt, spuma, bruya-tHi spnmare. 
BRUSIT, part, pa. Embroidered. HoukUe.—h, B. 
ftrttfd-iu, bruH-m, acupictus ; Du Gauge. Y. BuBOx, t. 
BRUSKNE8S, «. Unbecoming freedom of speech; 
rudeness; incivility, 8. Dowglaut^i Serm.^Vt. 
bnuCf brutquCf lash, rude, nndvil. V. BacrisK. 
To BRU8SEL, Beubhbl, «. n. To rush forward In a 

rude and disorderiy way, Ayrs. Y. BaassiL. 
BRUS8LB, t. Bustle, Loth.— A. 8. braiUiant strepeK, 

murmurare. Y. Bbksbil. 
ToBRUST, o.n. To burst JZ. fnioe.— Tent &ro«e-«n» 

brtut-en, 8w. britt-a^ id. 
BRUSURT, s. Embroidery. DougUu. 
BRUTE, t. Report; rumour. The same with S. 

Bruit. BeU. Cfron. 
BRUZZING, «. A term used to denote the noise made 
by bears. Urgvharft Sabdait.—Tent bruyt-en, 
rugire, strepere. 
BRWHS, s. Apparently, the same with Srvs. Wyif 

To BU, Buv, V. n. To low. It property denotes the 

cry of a calf, 8.— Lat bo-are. Id. 
BU, Boo, i. 1. A sound meant to ezdte terror, S. 
Prvb. Eloquence. 2. A bugbear, an object of terror, 
ibid.— Belg. bauuf, a spectre ; 0. B. bo, « hobgoblin. 
BU-KOW, t. Anything frightful, as a scarecrow, ap- 
plied also to a hobgoblin, 8.— From 6m and how, mm, 
a goblin. Y. Cow. 
BU-MAN, s. A goblin ; the devH, 8. Used as .B»-Jfcow. 
BUAT, ff. A lantern. Y. Bowkt. 
BUB, Bob, «. A bUst; a gust of severe weather. 
DougUu. — Allied perhaps to Isl. bobbe, malum, noxae ; 
or E. bob, to beat, as denoting the suddenness of Its 
* BUBBLE, «. Snot; as moeh snot as comes flrom Che 

nose at once. 
To BUBBLE, v. n. To shed tears in a snivelling, 

blubbering, childish way, 8. BibbU, Aberd. 
To BUBBLE akd Gbxbt. A vulgar phrase denoting the 
act of cxylng or weeping, conjoined with an efl'uslon 
of mucus fhnn the nostrils. Walher*e Bemark. Pat. 
BUBBLY, a^j. Snotty, 8., A. Bor. 
BUBBLYJOCE, s. The vulgar name for a tuikey-cock, 
8. Synon. Pollieooek, 8. B. Saxon and Gad, Grose. 
—The name seems to have originated from the shape 
of his comb. 
BnoHAN Sbbobant, s. a cheese. 
BUCHT, s. A bending ; a fold. Also a pen in whidi 

ewes are milked. Y. Bouoht. 
BUCHT, BuoHT, «. A measure of fishing lines, being 
fifty-five fathoms, fflietl. Evidently from the dllTerent 
folds in these lines. Y. Bought, «., a curvature. 
BUCK, «. The carcass of an animal. AcU Jo, 77. 

Y. Bocx, BuiK. 
BUCK, «. The beech-tree.— A. 8. boe ; Su. G. bok ; 

Teut buecke, fagus. Y. Birix, Bux, a book. 
To BUCK out. To make a gurgling noise, as liquids 
when poured from a strait-necked bottle, 8. Pro- 
bably fonned from the sound. 
To BUCK, V. n. To push, to butt, Perths.— Alem. 
bock-tn, to strike ; whence Wachter derives bock, a 
he-goat Su. G. bode, impulsus, ictus. 
To BUCK AXD Cbdhb. To show extreme solidtude for 
the possession of anything. *' Ye needna insist on't. 






for 3re wuoM get it, if jt aood tmA and erune for't i 
Dumfr. It peibape lefen to th« oondoot of the fruefe, 
when ratting, In ezpieflBing his eagemeae for the doe. 
Isl. frudk-o, and Qerm. teefe-en, to strike with the 
horna, to butt ; from bode, cemu, caper. To entne 
ia to emit a hollow aoond, as cattle do when dis- 
satisfied. Y. OaoTV. 

BUOKALSE. A call to negligent herds, who allow the 
cows to eat the com, Meams. 

BUCKASIB, BooKAor, s. A kind of bocknua or cala- 
manco. Act. Audit.— Jr. boocasin, fine buckram, 
resembling taffeta ; also calamanco. 

BUCKAW, t. The name giren to the short game by 
which a bontpd, or match at owiinf , is geneially 
conelnded, Lanarks.— Isl. buek-a, domare, sobigerv', 
and aU ; q. that which settles all, the oonqoering 

BUGKBEAN, s. A name glrem in Bozb. to the com- 
mon trefoiL It seems rather to be the if enyantJbef 
IW/oliata, Harsh trefoil, or 6o0-6eai». It grows 
somewhat like a ftecm, and many people In 8. infuse 
and drink it for its medicinal Tirtoes. 

BUCKEB, «. A name given to a species of whale, 
West of & Staligt.A(ic. 

BUGKBTIX, c. The paste used by weaTers in dressing 
their webs, fl. 0. ; ooir. from BMefcwitecU, the giain 
from wlilch it is made. 

BUCKIB, t. A smart blow, especially on the chops, 
Aberd. Mearns.--4o. 0. ftsefc, impnlsns, ictus ; Alem. 
bode-tn, ferire. 

BUCKIE, t. Apparently, the hind quarters of a hare, 
Banffs.— Tent, fruydr, renter ; et uterus. 

BUCKIE, BucKT, t. 1. Any sptnd shell, of whaterer 
sise, 8. Muu» Tkrtnodie. Th€ Roaring Buckie, 
Bucclnum nndatum, linn., Is the common great 
wilk.— Tent buek'^n, to bow, to bend ; as this ex- 
presses the twisted form of the shell. 2. A perrerse 
or refractory person is denominated a tkraum budeie, 
and sometimes, in ttUl harsher language, a DeU't 
buekie, 8L WaverUjf. Mawuajf. 

BUCKIB INGRAM, that species of crab denominated 
Cancer bemhardus, Newharen« 

BUCKIB PRINS. A periwinkle ; Tuifoo terebm, Linn. 
Also called Waier-ttoupt, Loth. 

BUCKIE-RU¥F, t. A wild giddy boy, or romping girl. 
Fifo. Sn^ff" seems synon. with RmJU, q. t. 

BUOKIE-TYAUVE, «. A struggle ; a good-humoured 
wrestling match, BanlTs.— From Isl. bude-a, snbigere, 
domare, or bokki, tit grandis, and tyauve, the act of 
tousing. y. Taatb, and Bvoxii, a blow. 

BUCKI8S, «. A smart stroke, Aberd. 

To BUOKISE, V. a. To beat with smart strokes, 
Aberd. — Tent, boode-en, bok-en, tundere, pnlsare, 
batuere; Fr. buquer ; Germ, bode-en, beuk-en ; 
Bu. G. bok^ id. The origin seems to be Germ. 
bode, Isl. buck-r, a ram or goat, as striking with 
its horn. 

3b BUCKLE, v. n. To be married. Sea. DalUm. 

To BUCKLE, V. a. I. To join two persons in marriage ; 
used in a low or ludicrous sense, 8. MaeneiU. 2. 
To budde with a person, to be so enga^red in an argu- 
ment as to hare the worst, Fife. Z, To be budded 
vith a thing, to be so engaged in any business as to 
be at a loss to accomplish it ; "I was fsiriy budded 
w€t," Fife. 

BUCKLB-THE-BBGG ARB, f . One who marries persons 
in a clandestine and disorderly manner, 8. 

To BUCKLE TO, «. a. To Join In marriage. Trainee 
Poetical Seoeriei, 

BUOKSTTTRBIB, cu^. Obstinate, Btrathmore.— Per- 
haps from Isl. bockf caper, and siirtHir, rigidus, stUT 
as a he-goat. 
BUOKTOOTH, f. Any tooth that Juta out from the 
rest, 8.— «ibb. deriTes this from Soke, q. t. Periiaps 
allied to 8u. G. btk, rostrum. 
BUD, Bu»B, V. impert, Behored. HoifO- '^- Boot. 
BUD, f. A gift ; generally one that is meant as a 
bribe. Actt Ja. I.—O. B. budd. Com. bud, profit, 
emolument. Or shall we view it as formed from A. 
8. bude, obtnlit, q. the bribe that has been qffered t 

To BUD, Bddd, v. a. To endeaTOur to gain by gifts, 
to bribe. Pitteottie, 

BUDTAKAR, «. One who reeelres a bribe. Y. Bun. 

BUDDEN, part, pa. Asked; inrited; as, "Tm 
budden to the waddln'," I am invited to the wedding ; 
ZTnfrndden, not luTited, Roxb. 

BUDE-BE, 9. An act which it ftetoved one In duty to 
perform, Glydes. 

BUDGE, «. A kind of bill, used in warflsre. DougUu, 
— 0. Fr. bofuce, boulge, fkudlie, serpe ; Roquefort. 

BUDNA. Behored not ; might not, Roxb. A. Soott. 

To BUE, V. n. To low as a bull. Mue denotes the 
lowing of a cow.— C. B. bu, buwcA, signify both bos 
and racca ; Isl. bu, amenta. 

BUF, Bat. a phrase which seems to 4iare been 
fbrmeriy used in 8. expresslre of contempt of what 
another has said. Nieol Bume. 

BUFE,«. Beef, 8. B.~Fr. »oeit>, id. U. ftn/e, cattte ; 
from Ml, an ox. 

3b BUFF, V. n. To emit a duU sound, as a bladder 
filled with wind does, 8. Ckr. Kirk. 

BUFF, t. A term used to express a dull sound, 8. It 
played buff it made no impression.— Belg. bof-en, to 
puff up the cheeks with wind ; Fr. bouff-er, id. 

To BUFF, V. a. To buff com, to gire grain half thrash- 
ing, 8. " The best of him is buft,** a phmae com- 
monly used to denote that one's natural strength is 
much gone, 8. — Alem. buff-en, pulsare.— To buffker- 
rino, to steep salted herrings in flresh water, and 
hang them up, 8. 

BUFF, «. A stroke, a blow, 8. Ckr. Kirk.—Tt. bouffe, 
a blow, L. B. buffo, alapa. 

To BUFF out, V. n. To laugh aloud, 8.— Fr. bofuffee, a 
sudden, riolent, and short blast, Inff-ir, to spurt. 

BUFF, c. Nonsense, fooUsh tolk, 8. SKirr^.—TtxA, 
beffe, id., nugae, irrisio; Fr. huffoi, ranlt^; also 

BUFF, «. Skin. Btripi to tke buff, stript naked, 8.— 
Perhaps from E. buff, as denoting leather prepared 
from the skin of a buffslo. 

BUFF NOR STTE. Be oou'd neither say buff nor ttye, 
8., i. e., " He could neither say one thing noranother." 
It is also used, but, I suspect, improperly, in regard 
to one who has no actirlty ; He \aM neither buff nor 
ttye tMh him, 8. B. It is used In another form, to 
ken, or know, neither buff nor *tye: ana In Ayrs. it 
is used diiferently from all these examples. " He 
would neither bt^ff nor stye for fiither nor mother, 
friend nor foe." The Bntail. — Tent, bof, celeusma, 
a cheer made by mariners. Stye might be rlewed as 
referring to the act of mounting the shroods, from 
8u. G. stio-a, to ascend. 

BUFFER, 9. A foolish fellow ; a term much used 
among young people, Clydes< — Fr. botffarut, " often 
puffing, stroutlng out, swelling with anger," Cotgr. 

BUFFETB, t. pi* A swelllnf In the glands of the throat, 

Ang. ipranke, synon.) Probably from Fr. bouffi, 





BUTFETSTOOL» «. A stool witb flldes, in foim of a 
square table witb Iwves, wbea tbeM are folded down, 
8, Lincolna. id. A, Ihugltu.—Vr, buffet^ a aide- 
boaid ; expL by Boquefort, dresKlr, wbleb denotes a 
board for holding plates, withoat box or drawer. 

BUFVIB, ;BDrrLB, ad^, 1. Fat; porfled; applied to 
the face, 8. 2. Shs«g7 «* "Ui * M^ head," when 
the hair is both copious and dishevelled, Fife. 8ynon. 
TMW<e. — Fr. bouffit blown op, swollen. 

BUFFIL, oc^'. Of or belonging to the boflEslo ; as, 
** ^M«5ii^ooa<," a ooat of leather; one 6i<^ 6el«, a 
buff belt This shows that the leather we now call 
&i|^ was originally called Imffil^ or boffido. Abvrd. 

BUFFLIN, part. pr. Rambling^ rorlng, unsettled; 
still running ftom place to place, or engaged in some 
new project or other ; a term generally applied to 
boys, Tweedd.— Fr. buffdin, of or belonging to a wild 
ox ; q. resembling it 

BUFFONS, «. jil. Pantomimic dances; 80 denominated 
fKmi the buffoons, let ba^foH»f by whom they were 
performed. 01. Oompl.^Wr. homfomtt those by whom 
they were performed. T. BaAMOUB. 

BUG, pnt. Built MimtrOif Border, T. Bio, «. 

BUG 8KIN, t. A lamb's skin dressed. Act. JDom. Cone. 

BUGABOO^ t. A hobgoblin, Fife ; pnm. as bupifobu. 
— ^Perhaps fh>m 8. bugo^i bugbear, and ftoo, 6i^ a term 
expressiye of terror. V. Bu. 

BUGA8INE, t. A name for calico. Bates* 

BUGE, «. "Lamb's fur; Fr. offiieU*." Bodd. 
DovilaM.'-VT. boii0€f X. bud^ id. 

BUGGE, t. A bugbear. Y. BoGOAina. 

BUGGBN, part, pa. Built ; tram the v. to Bio, Clydes. 

BUGOLB, «. A bog, a morses, 8. B. This seems to 
be merely a dlmin. from Ir. and B. 609. 

BUQHB, i. Braid qf bughe; perhaps, fine light 
bread grateful to the mouth, Aberd. BeO' Bughe 
appears to be a corr. Irom Fr. bouektt the month ; 
as pain de boudte signifles light and savoaiy white 

BUGHT, f. A pen In which the ewes are milked. V. 

BUGIL, BuoiLL, f. A bu^ehom. Awpbu.— Q. 
bueuUu wmu, the horn of a young oow ; or from 
Teut boghelt Germ, buoelf cunratura. Bather per- 
haps the horn of a bull, as bvoU and buU are in- 
flections of the same word. 

BUGLE LACE, t. Apparently, lace resembling the 
small bead called a bugle, Balee, 

BUICK. Meaning uncertain. Perfaape^ Teut bemde 
van Vuhip, carina. 

BUIOK, pret. Curtsied ; from the t. Beck. Sou, 

To BUIGE, V. n. To bow, to cringe. Maitiand Foemt. 
—A. 8. bua-anf to bend. 

BUIK, t. The body. Y. BouK. 

BUIE; Bukk, pret. Baked. Z>Mi5ar.— A. 8. 5ee, 
coxit, from bac-an. 

BUIK, BuK, BuxB, BiUK, t. 1. A book, 8. Bunbar. 
2. The Buik^ the Holy Bible ; a phnse of respect re- 
sembling Lat BibUOf 8. Hence, To Tax ths Buik, 
to perform family worship, 8. dromefe's Semaint. — 
Germ. 5imA, Alem. bouch, Belg. ftodk, A. 8. 60c, Hoes. 
G. Isl. 8u. G. bok, idf It has been generally sup- 
posed that the Northern nations give this name to a 
book, trom the materials of which it was first made, 
bok signifying a beech tree. 

BUIK-I<ARE, t. Learning, the knowledge acquired by 
means of a regular education, 8. Sometimes mecely 
instruction In reading. 

BUIK-LBAB'D, BooK-uus*D, adj. Book-learned, 8. 

A. Nioai, — ^Isl. MUoerd-ur, id. Y. Labb, v. and «. 
BUIKAR, «. Apparently, a cleric or bookkeeper. — ^A. 

8. teeere, soriptor, aeriba ; Interpras ; Moes. G. boko* 

reiBt aeriba. 
BUIL, t. Apparently, a sheep-fold ; a byre, 8hetl. — 

8u. G. bodOt &3fle, domoncula. 
To BXJlLf BviLn, «. a. To diire sheep into a fdd, or 

to house cattle in a byre, Shetl. ; ^ynon. with BmdU. 
BUILDING, f . The act of enclosing sheep or cattle, 

ibi d. 
BUILTETTI8, Bxtltbttib, t. pL Probably, pendants. 

JM«eiiioHet.~0. Fr. buUettm, " such bubbles or bobs 

of glasse as women weare for pendants at their eares," 

BUILYIB, t, A perplexity; a qnandary.^Isl. baU, 

BUIR, Leg. Leoir. WaUaoe, 
BUIBB,inTt. Bore ; brought forth. Pitooottie. 
BUISB, To ekoot the buiUe. OZetoiid.— Apparently, to 

luting, to be hanged ; peifaaps trom ItaL buaoo, the 

shoot of a tree ; q. to spring trom the fatal tree. 
BUI8T, i. A port of female dress, ancientiy worn in 

8. ; perhaps stays. Jfoittatid P.— Fr. btuq, orftitfte, 

a plaited body, or other quilted thing, worn to make 

or keep the body straight ItaL butlo, stays or 

BUI8T, I. A thick and gross object ; used of animate 

beings ; as, Htfeabuiatofa fatlom, he isagronman. 

From Fr. butte, as denoting a cast of the gross part of 

the body. 
To BUI8T up, e. a. To enclose^ to shut up. Mont- 

BUIST, V. impen, Behored. Y. Boot, But. 
BUIST, Busts, Boist, t. 1. A box or chest, 8. JfeoZ- 

baUt, chest for contahiing meat Acti Jo. JI, 2. A 

coffin ; nearly antiquated, but still sometimes used 

by tndeemen. Loth. 8. The distinctiTO mark put on 

sheepk whether by an iron or by paint ; genemlly the 

initials of the proprietor's name. Bead). Tweedd. 4. 

Transferred to anything ilewed as a distinctiye cha- 
racteristic of a fmtemi^. Jfonaftenr.^O. Fr. boUtt, 

Ann. boaett, a box. 
To BUI8T, «. a. To mark sheep or cattle with the 

proprietor's distinctiTe mark, Boxb. Tweedd. 
BUISTIN'-IBON, «. The Iron by which the mark on 

sheep is impressed. The box in which the iron is 

kept for marking iscaUed the Tar-bui$t, ibid. 
BUIST-MAKER, «. A coffin-maker, LoCh. ; a term 

now nearly obsolete. 
BUISTY, ». A bed, Abeid. Gl. 8hiir. ; used perhaps 

for a small one, q. a litae-box. Y. Boobhtt. 
BUITH, f . A shop. Y. Bothb. 
BUITHH AYXB, «. One who keeps a sho^ or booth. 
BUITING, f. Booty. Montgomerie.'^Wr. butin, Its!. 

biUino, id. 
BUITS,«.pl. Matohes for firelocks. BaOii^t Letters, 

— Gteel, buite, a flr^rand. 
To BUITTLE, Bootlb, v. n. To walk nngraoeftdly, 

taking short steps, with s^Ootting or bouncing motion, 

BUKA8Y, BuxKBST, s. Fine buckram or calamanco ; 

a stuff fonnerly used for female dress. Y. Buokisib. 
BUK-HID, BuK-BUD, s. f enrysone.— -This seems to 

be an old name for some game, probably Blindman's- 

bvffi Bo-peep, or Hide and Seek. Y. Bbllt-blibd. 
To BUKK, v. a. To incite, to instigate. Bvergreen.-^ 

Germ, boeh-en, to strike, boeken, to push with the 
1 horn ; Su. G. bock, a stroke ; Isl. butk^ catdtiare. 




BITLBRIS, t. Building, or mode of building. Burel. 

BULFIB, ac^'. Appaxently, bnfflehMded ; dull ; stupid, 

BULGBT, $. Perhaps, bags or pooches. Bd^our*s 
Praet.—Vt. boulgetU. 

BULTISMSNT, $. Habiliments ; properly audi as are 
meant for warftire. Soit, — Bulfiementt is sOll used 
ladicronsly for clothing, 8. T. Abvltibmbht. 

BULTETTIS, «. pi. Malls or budgets.— From Vr. 
bouioette, id. Y. Bulqbt. 

BT7LT0N, ». Perhaps, crowd ; collection. St. Patrick, 
— Oael. bcigant a budget. 

BULI8, t. J9i. Pot-bolis. Boolsofapot. Y. Bool, «. 

BULKIS, t. A policeman, Aberd. 

BULL, i. Properlj the chief house on an estate ; now 
generally applied to the principal &nn-house. 
SetUaU of OrJIni.— Id. bodt dyitas, praedinm ; 8. a. 
5o2, domieilium ; Moxw. bu signlfles a dweUing-hoose. 
Y. Boo, Bow. 

BULL, «. A dxy, sheltered place, Sbetl: 

BULL, «. Blade BuU of Norrowajf ; a bogbear nsed 
for stilling children, Ang. 

To BULL Ui, V. a. To swallow hastily and Toracionsly. 
** / wu butting in my bnakfatt,'* I was eating it as 
ftwt as possible, Lothi 

To BULL, V. n. To iike the bn!l ; a tenn osed with 
respect to a cow. loth the v: and «. are pron. q. biU. 
B.—BiU-HUeTt 8., is analogous to Teut. bolU-ffhdd, 
merces pro admissun tauri. 

BULLAOS, t. An axe. Horays. Y. Balax. 

BULLING, A-BCixuro,, "The cow's a-bul- 
UnQf" she is in season, and desires the male. Y. the 
V. to Bull. 

BULLB, 8. A Shetland oil measure.— Sw. bulUf 
cratera fletiUs ; the same with B. botol. 

To BULLEB, o. n. 1. To emit such a sound as water 
does, when rushing rlolently into any cavity, or forced 
back again, 8. BonHfku.^-Bn. G. 6ttUr-a tumultuarf , 
strepitum edere. 2. To make a noise with the throat, 
as one does when gargling it with any liquid, 8: ; 
guileTf synon. BdUnden. 3. To make any rattling 
noise ; as when stones ere rolled down hill, or when 
a quanti^ of stones fails together, 8. B. 4. To bellow, 
to roitf as a bull or cow does, 8. ; also pron. bolUa; 
Ang. — Isl. baul-Ot mugire, baul, mngitus. 6. It is 
used as V. a. to denote the impehu or act productive 
of such a sound as is described above. BoitgUu. 

BULLER, BcLLOcaa, $. 1. A loud gurgling noise, 8 
DouffUu. Hence, the BuUen of Budian, the name 
given t9 an arch in a rock, on the coast of Aberdeen- 
shire.— Su. G. butter, strepitus. 2. A bellowing 
noise ; or a loud roar, 8. B. Y. the v. 

BULLETSTANE, g. A round stone, 8.— Isl. boUvt-w, 
round ; ftoUut, convexity. 

BULLFIT, 9. A martin ; a swift, Dumfr. 

BULLFBENOH, t. Gorr. of Bullfinch ; as the Green- 
finch is called OreenfremAf and Goldfinch, Oowl- 

BULLIHEISLE, t. A phiy among boys. In which all, 
having Joined hands in a line, a boy at one of the 
ends stands sdll, and the rest all wind round him. 
The sport especially consists in an attempt to heese 
or throw the whole mass over on the ground, Upp. 
BULLIHEIZILIE, t. A scramble ; a squabble, Clydes. 
BULLION, s. A name for the pudenda in some parts 
of Orkney. — Allied perhaps to 8a G. bol-as. Germ. 
bul-en, moBchari; 0. Teat fto-ei, ancilla, concu- 

To BULLIBAG, v. a. To rally In a contemptuous way, 
to abuse one in a hectoring manner, 8. CfampbeU, — 
Isl. baul, bol, Bialedictio, and raeffiOf defeire, to re- 

BULLIBAGGLE, t. A noisy quarrel, in which oppro- 
brious epithets are bandied, Upp. Clydes. Y. Bulu- 


BULL-OF-THE-BOG, t. A name given to the bittern. 

Owjf Mannering. 
BULL8^ f. pi. 8trong bars in which the teeth of a 
harrow are placed, 8. B. St«Uiit. i&oe.— 8a. G. bol. 
Isl. boir, truncus. 
BULLB-BAG8, «. The tuberous Orchis, Orchis morio, 
and mascnla, Linn. Ang. and Meams. — "Female 
and Male Foolstones f* LIghtfoot. It receives its 
name fh>m the resemblance of the two tubercles of 
the root to the tettet. 
BULlf8-HEAD. A dgnal of condemnation, and pre- 
lude of immediate execution, said to have been an- 
ciently used in Scotland. To present a bulV$-head 
before a person at a feast, was in the ancient turbu- 
lent times of Scotland, a common signal for his as- 
ssssination. Fittoottie. 
BULIrSSGG, «. A gelded buIL Y. 8mo. 
BULL-8EGG, t. The great oat-tail or reedmace, Typha 
latifolia, Unn. 8. B. The same with BuU^baoi^ q. v. 
BULTT, adj. largo, Fife.— This may be allied to 
Tent, bult^ glbbus, tuber ; Belg. buU, a bunch, bul^e, 
a little bunch ; Isl. buld, crassus. 
BULWAND, i. The name given to common mngwort, 

Orkney, Oalthn. JYeiU. 
BUM, $. A lasy, dirty, tawdry, careless woman, chiefly 
applied to women of high stature.— Perhaps Isl. 
bumb-r, venter. 

BUM, $. A humming noise, the sound emitted by a 
bee, 8. Y. the v. 

To BUM, «. n. 1. To buss, to make a humming noise ; 
used with respect to bees, 8. A. Bor. J. Nicoi. 2. 
Used to denote the noise of a multitude. Hamilton. 
8,1 As expressing Ae sound emitted by the drone (rf a 
bag-pipe, 8. Fergvuon. 4. Used to denote the free- 
dom of sigreeable conversation among Arlends, 8. B. — 
Belg. &omm-«n, to resound ; Teut. 2«mme, a drum. 

BUMBARD, odQ. Indolent, lazy.— Ital. ftomtere, a 
humUe-bee. Dunbar. 

BUMBABT, ». 1. The drone-bee, or perhaps a flesh- 
fly. JfelvOTs M8, 2. A drone, a driveller. Ban- 

To BUMBAZE, v. a. To stupefy ; to confuse. 

BUMBAZEB, BoMBAzsn, adj. Stupefied, 8. iZ/ist.— 
Q. 8tupefl(»d with noise ; tmta Teut. bammrtn, re- 
sonare, and 6aet«n, deliiare. Y. Baud. 

BUMBEE, t. A humble-bee, a wild bee that makes a 
great noise, 8. BambMtte, id. A. Bor.— Q. the 6ee 

BUMBEE-BTKE, «. A nest of humble-bees. Davids 
ton'i Seoion*. 

BUMBELESRT-BIZZ. A cry used by children to 
frighten cows with the BiMS of the gadfly. Loth. 

BUM-CLOCK, «. A humming beetle, that flies in tiie 
summer evenings. Burnt. 

BUHFLE, 8. A large pucker. 

BUM-FODDER, 8. Paper for the use of the water-closet. 

BUMLACK, BuMLOOK, t. A small, prominent, shape- 
less stone, or whatever endangers one's falling, or 
proves a stumbling-block, Aberd. — ^Perhaps from Isl. 
bunoOf tumor, protubenntia. 

BUM LING, 8. The humming noise made by a bee. — 
lat bowUril-are, to hum ; Isl. buml-€i, resonare. 




'BUMMAGK, BuvifOOK, c. 1. An entertainment an- 
ciendy glren at Ohrittmas bj tenanta to their land- 
lofda, Orkn. WaUa/otft Orkn. 2. A brewing of a 
laige quantity of malt, for the porpoee of being drank 
at onoe atameny meeting, Cythn.-^IaL ftno, pa> 
tare, and jmvc, aodni, q. to make prepaiation for 
one*! companions ; or 6o, rlUa, inoola, and moot, the 
fellowship of a Tillage or of its inhabitants. 

BUMM BLIB, BvMum, t. A blmdering fellow, S. 

JiUMMBB, f. A thin piece of wood with which 
children play, swinging it round by a cord, and mak- 
ing a booming sound. Bridently named from the 
sound which it prodoces. 

BUMMIB, «. A stupid feUow ; a fool, Perths. Stirlings. 
— f cut. toNUM, tympanum, q. emp^ as a drum ; or, 
periiaps, fhNn AmiMI, a drone, q. t. 

BUMHIL, BnucLB, Bombbll, «. 1. A wild bee. 
Ekmidton. 2. A drone, an idle fellow. Buim%. 8. 
A blunderer, Qalloway. Havidfon. — ^Teut. bommdc, 

fUCUS. v. BATTia-BUMM tL. 

To BUMMIL, «. a. To bangle; also, as v. n. to 
blunder, 8. Jtamuay. 

BUMMING DUrF. The tambourine ; a kind of drmn, 
atrnck with the fingers. 

BUMMLB, ff. A commotion in liquid substances, oo* 
casioned by the act of throwing something into them, 
Bhetl.— Isl. bmrnl-a^ resomare. 

BUMP, f. 1. A stroke. ** He esme hmmp upon 
me," he came upon me with. a stroke, 8. 2. A 
tumour, or swelling, the effect of a fkll or stroke. — 
lal. hcmp$f a stroke against any. otject, (omp^ cita 
rulna feni. 

BDMPLBPBIST, f . A sulky humour ; a fit of spleen, 
y. Am rLBFKTST and WiMPLsrinr. 

BUN, BuHV, «. A sweet cake or loaf ; generally one of 
that kind which is used at the new yesr, baked with 
tnaii and spioeries ; sometimes, for this reason, called 
a moeeHe-wmtf 8. SUU. Ace— It. bunna, a cake. 

BUN, «. 1. The same asB. bum. Lj/ndaay, Bou. 
2. This word signifies the tail er bruah of a hare. 
Border; being used in the mme sense with fud. 
WaUon^t CoU.—lT. ten, bun, the bottom of anything ; 
Ban. 6iMid, id. ; Gael, dvn, bottom, foundation. 

BUN, i. A large cask placed in a cart, for the pur- 
pose of bringing water from a distance ; Ang. — 
This may be radically the same with 8. bofn^ a wash- 
ing tub. 

BUNGS, inUrj. An exclamation used by boys at did 
Edinburgh High School. When one finds any thing, 
he who cries Bunce / has a claim to the half of it. 
*^8tusk up far your dunce," stand to it, claim your 
dividend. "Perhaps from 6ontw, as denoting a pre- 
mium or reward. 

IV> BUNOH oftoia. To go shout in a hobbling sort of 
way ; generally applied to one of a squat or coipulent 
form, Bozb. 

BUND-SACK, 9. A person of either sex who is en- 
gaged, or under a piomlse of marriage ; a low phrase, 
borrowed from the idea of a socle being 6oimd, and 
tied up, 8. 

BUNE, Boom, t. The inner part of the stalk of flax, 
the core, that which is of no use, afterwards called 
lAaiM, Ang. Been, id., Moiays. 

BUNBB, ak^. Upper; compaiatlTe, Upp. Clydes. 
Loth. y. BooHsa. Boommost. 

BUNBWAND,«. The cow-parsnip, Heradeumi^hondy- 
llum, is called Bumoand, 8. B. Mowtgomerie. Also, 
perhaps, a hempstalk pilled, buUtn^ Grose. — This 
appears to be of the same meaning with Banwede. 

BUNG.ek^. TIpsy;f»ldled;alowword,a JZoauoy. 

Q. smelling of the bung. 

To BUNG, V. n. To emit a booming or twanging sound, 

as when a stone is propelled fhnn a sling, or like a 

Vrench top thrown off, West and South of S. 

BUNG, «. 1. The sound thus emitted when the stone 

or top is thrown off. 2. Improperly used to denote 

the act of throwing a stone in this way, 8.— TeuU 

bMmgtj fton^Ae, ^rmpanum. Ihre riews Germ, bunge^ 

. a drum, asderived flrom8u.G. ftwio-a, to beat or strike. 

BUNG-TAP, s. A humming-top; so denominated 

flrom the sound it makes when in rapid motion. 
To BUNG, V. a. To throw with yiolence, Aberd. Bims, 
synon.. Loth. 

BUNG, c. Pet ; huff, Moray. In a bvng ; in a pet or 
huff, Aberd. 

BUNGT, odj. Hufllsh ; petttoh ; testy, ibid. 

BUNG, s. 1. An old, worn-out horse. Loth, synon. 
Boffie. 2. The Instep of a shoe, 8. 

BUNG-rU', odi. FuU to the bung ; quite intoxicated ; 
a low .word. 

BUNGIE, o^f. Fuddled ; a low woM. 

BUNT AN, i. A com ; a callous substance. 

BUNYOGH, f. The diarrhoea. 

BUNKBB, BuXKAmT, t. 1. A bench, or sort of low 
chest, serring for a seat Bamsay. 2. A seat in a 
window, which also eerres for a chest, opening with 
a hinged lid, 8. Sir J. Sindair. 8. It seems to be 
the same word which Is used to denote an earthen 
seat in the fields, Aberd. Law Cose.^A. 8. bene ; 
Sn. G. tecnefe, a.bench ; lal. 6iiiiGfce, acerrus, strues, 

BUNKLB, t. A stranger. "The dog bailcs because he 
kens you to be a &tmJb{e." This word is used In 
some parte of Angus. — Perhaps, originally, a mendi- 
cant, from Isl. ten, mendlcatii^ and iMirl, rulgarly 
JboU, homo. 

BUNNEL, «. Bagwort. Senecio Jacobaea, Linn. Upp. 
Clydes. y. Bokwsdb. 

BUNNERT8, t. 1>I. Cow-parsnip, 8. B. Heradeum 
aphondylium, Linn. — Perhaps q. 6<bm-oer^ which 
in 8w. would be, the bear's wort ; Isl. Imml^ howerer, 
is rendered by Haldonon, Pes boTis, Tel ursi. 

BUNNLB, s. The cow-parsnip, Heradeum sphondy- 
lium, Linn., Lanarks. 

BUNT, «. The toil or brush of a hair or rabbit. 
Synon. Bun and J^W.— Gael, ftimclun, the fundament, 
bunaii^ a foundation ; 0. B. tenttn, the buttock. It 
may, howcTcr, be allied to Belg. ten<, fur, akin. 

BUNTA, «. A boun^. y. Bouhtbth. 

BUNTT, «. A hen without a rump.— Dan. Mmctt ; Su 
G. ftunt, a bunch. Or, rather, y. BnxT. 

BUNTIN, a4i. Short and thick ; as, a bwMLin brat, a 
plump child, Roxb. 

BUNTLIN, Coax-BUMTUX, s. 1. Bunting, B. The 
Emberisa miliaria, a bird, Meams, Aberd. 2. The 
Blackbird, Galloway. 

BUNTLING, adj. The same as Bvmiin^ Strathmore. 
Su. G. hunt, fasciculus. 

BUNWEDE, «. Bagwort, an herb ; Senecio Jacobaea, 
Linn. 8. Mntoeed ; synon. weAow. Houlate. — This 
name is also giyen, 8. to the Polygonum oonrolTulus, 
which in Sw. is called Binda. 

BUNTEL, s. A beggar's old bags. 

BUB. y. CBBXPiKo-Boa, UrmiOHT-BDa. 

BUB, «. The cone of the fir, 8. B.— Su. G. barr denotes 
the leares or needles of the pine. 

BUR, BuB-TxaiBSiL, «. The spear^thlstle, S. Garduus 
lanceolatus. Bur-thittU, id., A. Bor. 




BUR» <. Apparentlj, a bore or pezfoimtion ; m in the 

head of the spear into which the shaft enters. — Tent. 

6oor, terebra, teor^en, perforare. 
To BUBBLB, v. n. To purl. Bvdton,—TeuL lorbd- 

en, scatarire. 
BUSBLK, t. Trouble ; perplrxltj ; disorder, Ayrs. — 

Fr. barbomOl-er, to JmnblCi to oonfoond ; whence also 

the V. BarbtUfie. 
BU&BLE-HXADED, a^j. Stupid ; oonfosed, Jhmtr, 
BUBCH, BWBCB, BuBOWK, 9. Borough ; town. Dunbar 

— Moes. O. baurffs ; A. S. bury, bwrk, bitnAf Id. 
BtIRD, «. A lady ; a damsel. T. Bno. 
BURD, Buana, t. Board ; table. IHMi6ar.>-Moea. O 

bawrdt asser, tabula ; A. S. bordf id. 
BUKD, t. Offspring, 8.— A. S. byrd, natiTitas. 
BURDALANE, it A term- used to denote one who is 

the only child left in a family ;■ q. bird cUoiu^ or 

solitary ; bwrd being the pron. of bird. MaiUand 

BURDOLAITH, «. A table-cloth, 8. Westmorel., id« 

Ihmbar. — From bttrd. and daithf cloth. 
117BD-HXAD, Booin-BiiD. «; The head of the table ; 

the chief seat, 8. Ranuaf. 
BURDE) s. Ground; foundation. JMUaubn.— 8a 

O. bord, a footstool. 
BURDB, t. A strip ; properly an ornamental setvage ; 

as, a " burdc of silk," a selyage of silk. Dunbar.— 

8u. G. bordo, limbus vel praetexta ; unde ftUkefftorda, 

cingulum sericum Tel limbus; gkUAord, limbus 

aureus ; Tout boord^ limbus. 
BT7BDENABLB, adj. Burdensome. Spaldino. 
BUBDIB, t. A small bird ; ■ a young bird. BiminutiTe 

fh>m B. bird, 
BUBDTH0U8B, a Gana to Burdyhmuot A sort of 

malediction uttered by old people to those with whose 

conduct or language they are, or pretend to be, greatly 

dissatisfied. — From Fr. Bourdeaux. 
BURDTN, a4j. Wooden ; of or belonging to boards. 

WaUaee.—A. ft bord ; 8. burd, buird, a board, a 

BXTRDING,f. Burden. MonUfomerie. T: Bim, Btbth. 
BURDIN8BGK. V. Bbbtbrisbk. 
BURDIT, jmrt. pa. 8tones are Aid to be burdit^ when 

they split into lamloie, 8. Perhaps flrom burd, a 

board ; q. like wood dirided into thin planks. 
BUROLT, BviBDLr, adj. Large, and well-made, 8. 

The B. word stately, Is used as synon. A buirdlf 

num. Bum*. — Isl. burdur, the habit of body, 

strength, proprlae yires ; ^f bmrdmr menM, excellent 

BURDLINBS8^ Bmnounna, t. Stateliness, 8. V. 


BURDOCKEN, t. The burdock, Arctium lappa. 
Traln*$ f. Reveriet. Y. ]>ockbv. 

BURDON, BuBDOUX, BuBDOwra, «. 1. A big staff, such 
as pilgrims were wont to carry. Douglat. — Fr. 
bourdon, a pilgrim's staff ; O. Fr. bourde, a baton ; 
Isl. broddstafur, scipio, hastulus, hastile. 2. Be 
ttaffand terdon, a phrase respecting either investi- 
ture or resignation. BdUndm. 

BURDOUN, «. "The drone of a bagpipe, in which 
sense it is commonly used in 8.** Ruddiman.—VT. 
bourdon, id. 

BURD0WT8, t. Men who fought with dubs. Bar- 
bour. —Bwrdart (Matt Paris) is to fight with dubs, 
after the manner of downs, qui, he says, Anglis 

BURBBELY, adv. Fordbly ; Tigorously. Sir Qawan 
OMdSirOal. Y Bvbdlt. 

BURBIL, Bubal, a^. Yulgar ; rustic. IFaUaoe. — 
Chancer, bor^ id. ; L. B. burell-ut, a spedes of 
coarse doth ; Tout, buer, a peasant. 

BURG of iee. A whale-fisher's phrase for a field of lea 
floating in the sea, 8. — Germ, berg, a hill or moun- 
tain. Biaberg is the common term among the Danes, 
Swedes, and Dutch and German narigators, for the 
floating mountains of ice. 

BTJRGSN8,«.plw Burgesses. WfnL—hU.bur9eni<t. 

BURGBOUN^ «. A bud; a shoot. DouqUu.—Jt. 
bmrgoon, id.^ ■ 8a. G. boarjot oriri ; IsL bar, gemma 

BURGBOUN. e. ib To-flourish Sir W. Soott, 

To BURGESS, «i a, 1* In riding the marches of a 
town, it was an andent custom of the burgesses in 
their progress to seise their new-made brethren by 
the arms and legs, and steike> their buttodet on a 
stene. This was termed b u r geta im g , Fife. 3. The 
seme term was used by the raU>le in Bdinburgh, who 
were wont, on the king's birth-day, to lay hdd of 
thoae who were on their way to the Parliamentr House 
to drink his na^eBt^u health, and glTe them seTeial 
smart blows on the seat of honour on one of the posts 
which guarded the paTement, or on one of the 
wooden boxes then used to corer the water-plugs. 
This they catted making them free qftke good town. 
Yk Bbjab, v. 

BURIALL, i. A place of interment ; a burying place. 
— A. ft byrigeU, sepnltura, sepulcrum, Ac. 

BURIAN, s. A mound : a tumdus ; or a kind of forti- 
flcation, 8 Aust Stat* Ace.—Wnm A. 8. beorg, 
burg, mens, acerrus; or ftyr^^eiti^ byrgene, sepd- 
CTum, monumentum, tumdus. 

^URIEL, t. ^ Probably^ a coarse and thick kind of doth. 
Hay's Sootia Akra-^Peihapsfrom Fr. burtU ; L. B 
bvrdl-UBt id. 

BURIO, BOBBAU, BuBBto, Bdbiob, Bubbioub,! An 
executioner. SdUnden. — Fr. bourrtau, Id. 

BURLAW, BTBZ.AW, Biblbt, Bablbt. .Byrlaio Cfourt, 
a court of ndghboucs, residing in ihe country, which 
determines as to local concerns. Skene. Reg. M<y. 
—From Bielg. baur, (boei^) a huAandman, and law ; 
or as Germ, bauers A. 8. bur, Id. 5yr, signify a 
Tillage, as wdl as a husbandman, the term may 
slgniff the late of the vUlagt or district 

BURLIE-BAILIE, «. An officer employed to enforce 
the laws of the Burlaw Courts. Rammxjf. 

BURLED, BuBLiT, part. pa. Ade Jo. II. Does this 
signify burnt, fraay Jtt. brui-er f 

BURLET, «. A Btarwllng or stuffed nedt for a gown. — 
Fr. bourUi, bourrdet, " a wreath or a rode of cloth, 
linnen, or leather, stuffed with flockes, haire, Ac. ; 
also, a supporter (for a ruffe, Ac) of satin, caflkta, 
Ac., and haTing an edge like a rode," Ootgr. 

BURLY, f. A crowd ; a tumdt, 8. B.— TeuL 5orl-eii, 
to Todferate. Hence E. Aurly-6tcr{y. 

BURLY, Bdibub, adj. Stately ; rough ; strong ; as 
applied to bdldings. ITaUoee. — Teut. lioer ; G«rm. 
teller, a boor, with the termination He, denoting re- 
semblance. Hence, 

BURLY-HEADED, a^/. HaTing a rough appearance . 
as, '* a burly-headit fallow," Roxb. 

BURLY-TWINE, m. A kind of strong, coarse twine, 
somewhat thi^er than pack-thread, Meams. 

BURLIM8, «. pi. The bread 6iini< in the OTen in bak- 
ing, 8., q. bumline. 

BURN, s. 1. Water ; particularly that which is taken 
from a fountain or wdl, 8. Fergueon. — Moes. G. 
brunina ; Su. G. brunn ; Id. bmnn-ur ; Germ, brun ; 




Tout Mim, bome^ a well, afoantain ; Belg. ftormoofar, 
water from a well. 2. A limlet ; a brook, 8. A. 
Bor. DouqUu,^E. b<mm. In this sense only A. 8. 
frum and 6yma occnr ; or aa signifying a torrent. 8. 
The water osed in brewing, 8. B. Ljfndsay. 4. 
Urine, 8. B. "To make one's bum,** mingere. — 
Germ, brun, urina. 

BURN-BRAB, «. The accliTltj at the bottom of which 
a rivulet nms, 8. 

BUBN-0BAIN, «. A smaU rOl nmning Intoa laiger 
stream, Lanarks. Y. QaAiir, GaAire. 

BtXBNSDDB, «. The ground situated on the side of a 
rivulet, 8. Antiguary. 

BURN-TBOUT, «. A trout bred In a rlTulet, as dla- 
tinguished from trouts bred in a river, 8. 

BURNLB, BiTEMT, is sometimes used as a dlmin , de- 
noting a small brook, 8. BeaUie, 

To BURN, «. a. 1. One is said to be burnt when he' 
has suffered in anj attempt. HI burnt, having 
suffered severely, 8. BaUlie. 2. To deceive ; to 
cheat in a bargain, 8. One says that he has been' 
brunt, when overreached. These are merely oblique 
senses of the B. v. 8. To derange any part of a' 
game by unproper interference ; as in curUnff, to 
bum a slane, i. t. to render the move useless by 
playing out of time, Clydes. 

3V)BURN, o. «. In children's games, one Is said to 
bum when he closely approaches the hidden object 
of his search. 
' BURN-AIRN, «. 1 An iron instrument used, red-hot, 

. to impress letters, or other maiks, on the horns ot 
sheep, 8. 2. Metaph. used thus, " They're a' &nmt 
wi' ae bum-€iim,*' they are all of the same kidney ; 
always in a bad sense, Aberd. 

BtJRN-GRENQS, t. One who sets Are to bams or^ 

To BURN THB WATER. A phrase used to denote (ho 
act of killing salmon with a listar by toroh-light, South 
of 8. 

BURN WOOD, t. Wood for fuel. Drandtt Zetland. 

BURNBOOILL, f. OriU bumecoOl. Great ooaL 
AcU Ja. VI. 

BURNBWIN, t. A cant term for a blacksmith, 8. 
BuruM. "JStem-eAe-totffMl, an appropriate tenn,"N. 

BURNIN* BBAUTT. A very handsome female. This 
is used negatively ; " She's nae bumiW becMty mair 
than me," Roxb. 

BURNT SILYBR, Bbist Silvbk. Silver refined In the 
furnace, or coin melted down into bullion, to be re- 
coined. Act* Ja. //.— Isl. brtndu iUfri, id. Snorro 
Sturleson shows that tkirt tSlfr, i. e. pure silver, and 
brennt tUfr, are the same. 

BURNlPr, adj. Of a brown colour. JhtuoloM.^Vr. 
brvneUe, a dark-brawn stuff formerly worn by persons 
of quality. 

BURR, BuaBB, t. The whirring sound made by some 
people in pronouncing the letter r ; as by the in- 
habitants of Northumberland, 8. Statitt. Ace. This 
word seems formed tma the sound which is produced 
by the root of die tongue. 

BURRA, t. The name In Orkn. and fflietL of the com- 
mon kind of rush, Juncus squarrosus. 

BURRACH'D, paH. pa. Enclosed. V. Boweaoh'd. 

BURRBL, s. A hollow piece of wood used in twisting 
ropes, Ayrs. Y. Gook-a-bbhdt. 

BURREL, f . Provincial pronunciation of E. Barrd, 
Renfr. A. Wilton' i P. 

BURREL LEY. Land, where at midsummer there was 
only a narrow ridge ploughed, and a large strip or 

baulk of barren hind between eveiy ridge, was called 

burrd ley.— Isl. buraUthr, agrestis, ineomptus; 8. 

BureH, bural, mstic. The tonn might denote ley 

that was not propeily dressed. 
BURRIE, «. A game among children, Meams. 
BURRT, adj. AmrysMie.— Either rough, shaggy. 

from Fr. bourru, "floekie, hairie, rugged," Colgr. ; 

or savage, cruel, from Fr. bourreau, an executioner. 

Y. Bcaio. 
To BURRIE, 'V. a. To overpower in working ; to over- 
come in striving at work, 8. B. — Allied pertiaps to 

Fr. bourrer, IsL ber-ia, to beat. 
BURRT-BU8H, «. Supposed an errat for Berrf-buik. 
BURBICO, ^. Perhaps an errat. for Burrio, i. e., 

BURRIS, s. pi. Probably, fhnn Fr bourre, flocks, or 

locks of wool, hair, Ac. AcU Ja, VI. 
BUR8, Buaaas, t. The cone of the fir. Y. Bas. 
BURSAR, t. One who receives the benefit of an en- 
dowment in a collie, for bearing his expenses during 

his education there, 8. Buik i^ iDiacipline.-—Ji. B. 

burtar-4ug, a sdielar supported by a pension ; Fr. 

bouriier. Id., from L. B. bursa, an ark, Fr. bourte, a 

purse. Boune also signifies ** the placo«f a pensioner 

in a ooUege," Cotgr. 
BURSARY, BuBSB, «. 1. The endowment given to a 

student in a university ; an exhibition, 8. Statist. 

Ace 2. A purse ; " Ane oommound burst." Aberd. 

BURSE, .J. A oourt consisting of mwehants, eoo- 

sti tiled forgiving prompt determination in mercantile 

affairs, resembling the Dean of Guild's court in 8.— 

From Fr. bourne, 
BUBSIN, BiTBSBV, BuBSTUi, part. pa. 1. Burst 8. 

Xyndiay. 2. Overpowered with fatigue ; or so over- 
heated by exertion as to drop down dead, 8. The«. 

is used in a similar sense ; ** He got a bwrU." 
BUR8T0N, t. A dish ccnnposed of corn, roasted by 

rolling hot stones amongst it till it be made quite 

brown, then half ground, and iinixfld with sour milk, 

BUS, (Fr. «) interj. Addressed to cattie ; equivalent 

to " Stand to the stake 1" a>umfr. Evidentiy from 

Bute, a stall, q. t. 
BUS, t. A bush, 8., butt. 3ougtat. Y. Bubk. 
BUSCH, t. Boxwood, 8. B. Douglat.—B«ig. boste- 

boom, butboom ; Fr. bouit, buit ; Ital. 6m«so, id. 
To BUSOH, V. n. To lay an ambush ; prat butckjft. 

WaUaoe. 0. B. butted, B. Brunne.— Ital. bote<are, 

imbotc-are, from boteo, q. to lie hid among buahes. 
BUSOHEMENT, t. Ambush. Wallace.— O, S. but- 

tement, R. Brunne. 
BUSCH, Bob, Bubhb. t. 1. A hitge kind ot boat used 

for the herring flj»hinj, 8. ; butt, E. 2. Ancientty, a 

small ship. 
BUSGHE-FISHING, t. The act of fishing in busses, 8. 
To BUSE, Bust, v. a. To enclose cattie in a stall, S. 

B. — A. 8. botg, botig, praesepe ; S. boote, a slall for 

a cow, Johns. 
BUSE, BuiBB, BooBB, ff. A cow's stall ; a crib, Lanark. ; 

the same with £. 6oose. 
Wbib-Bvbb, t. A partition between cows, lAnarica — 

Flandr. uteer, sepimentum, and bute, a stall. 
BUSE-AIRN, «. An iron for marking sheep, Clydes. 

Bute softened from Buitt, used to denote the mark 

set on sheep. 
To BUSH, V. a. To sheathe ; to endoae in a case w 

box, S. ; applied to the wheels of carriages.— So. Q. 




boA$; Qtirm.h9tdue; Belg.ten8, abosorcaMofany 
kiad ; 8w. htMbouej tbe izmer dxcleof awheel which 
eneloaes the azletree. 

BUSCH, BoosoHB, ff. A iheath of this deeeilptioii. 

BUSH, tnierj. ExpraasiTe of a ruahiag aoond ; asthat 
of water raahlng oat, Tweedd. J. N%col.-~L. B. frut- 
laa, a tena need to denote the noiee made bj ftre- 
amui or arrowi in battle. 

BUSHEL, «. A small dam, TIfe. Bjnoa. Guihely q. r. 

BUSK, «. A bosh. DcfugUu^-^Su. Q. Isl. tnuke ; 
Qerm. bmtek ; Bdg. ftoKft, fratez ; Ital. tono, a wood. 

3b BUSK, V. a. 1. To dress ; to attiie one's self ; to 
deck, S. ; 6tt«, A« Bor., id. DougUu. — Ckrm. ftnts-es, 
tmnen ; Belg. boet»tn ; So. Q. ptUi^ Jtut^ or> 
nare, deoorare ; Germ. IntU, huu, omatos ; henee, 
buU fnmu, a weU-drassed woman. 8. To prepare ; 
to make ready, in general, 8. Sir Trittrem. 8. To 
prepare for def«ice ; need as a military tezm. Spald- 
ntg. 4. «. n. To tend ; to direct one's oonrae towards. 
Oauan and Od. 6. It sometimes seems to imply the 
idea of rapid motion; as eqniyalent to nuft. Barbour. 

BUSK, BosK&T, i. Bress; decoration. M^WarS$ 

To BUSK HUKXS. To dress flshlng-hooks ; to ftwfc 

JUe$, id., 8. Waverieg. 
BUSKXNING, t. ^Ttr ^0e<r.-*'Appavently high-flown 

langnsge, like that nscd on the stige ; fromB.AiMi;i0| 

the high shoe anciently worn by tmgedians. 
BUSKEB) $. One who dresses another. 
BUSKUe, adj. Fond of dress, 8. Tarrat. 
BUSKING, t, Bress; decoiation. AetaJci. VL 
BUSS, «. A bosh. Picktn, 
BUSSIB, adj, Boshy, S. 
BUSS-TAPSu To gano o'er the ftuct-topt, to behaTO 

estmTsgantly ; q. to go over the lop* of the Imtka, 

To BU8Sk «. a. 1. To deck, Lanarks; oynon. Hail;, 

4|. T. 2. To dresi ; as applied to hook% Boxb. A. 

SeotPi Poeou.'-GeTm. biMf;eii, oraare. 
BUS8, «. A small ledge of rocks projecting into the 

sea, coyered with sea-weed ; as, the Butt of i^eie- 

AotNai, Ae Bunt of Wariitt Ac. 
3U8SIN, t, A linen cap or hood worn by old women, 

mnch the same as 3Vyy, o. ▼. West of S. — Perhaps 

ftom Bfoes. G. &itMM, fine linen ; Or. fivvmvov, id. 
BUSSING, t. OoTorlng. JBeerprem.— Perhaps fkom 

Germ. AmmA, Cuds, a bundle, a faxdeL 
BUfeT, t. A box. y. BuuT. 
BUST, BooeT, «. *' Tar mark iqpon sheep, commonly 

the Initials of the proprletoi's hame," Gl. Slbb.— 

Perhaps what is taken out of the tar butt or box. 
To BUST, V. a. To powder ; to dust with flour, Aberd. 

JfiMl, ^non.^-This v. is probably formed fMm buttj 

buiot, a box, in allusion to the motMui^ 
To BUST, V. a. To beat, Aberd.—Isl. boett-Of id. 
BUST, pari. pa. Apparently for butkod, dressed. 

JPoemt 16A Cent. V. Busa, v. 
BUST, (Fr. tt) V. impert. Behoved : " He butt to do^t," 

he was under tiie necessity of doing it. This is the 

pron. of Wfgtons., while Bud is that of Bumfr., and 
Be^ that of Aberd. Y. Boor, Bor, v. imp, 
BUSTIAM, Bmnur, «. A kind of doth, now called 

Futtiant Ayrs. Picken't Ol. 
BUSTINB, a4f. "Fustian, doth,** Gl. Homiay.— Per- 
haps it rather respects the shape of the garment ; 
fkom Fr. 6iule, " the long, small, or sharp-pointed, 
and hard-quilted belly of a doublet," Cotgr. 
BU8TU0U8, BusTBOim, ad^j. 1. Huge ; laige in sise. 
Bouolat. 2. Strong; poweifuL Lyndtag. 8. 

"Terrible; fierce,'* Badd.-<-0. B. ft«ftfuf, bnttal, 
ferocious ; fkom bwytt, wild ; ferocious ; savage. 4. 
Bough ; unpolished. BougUu. — Sn. G. bm^ cum 
impetu ferri ; Tent boet-eHy impetuoee pulaare. 

BUSTUOUSNBSS, «. Fierceness ; videnoe. Bout^at. 

BUT, prqp. Without ; as, " Touch not the ^t tel a 
glove." Motto of Out Madntotket. 

BUT, 001^. and ode. 1. Marking what has taken place 
recently as to time ; only, that, but that. 2. Some- 
times used as a coi^. for that. SpaidiiHr- 

BUT, adv. 1. To, or towards the outer apartment of a 
house ; as, "He gaed 6ttl Just now," he went to the 
outer apartment Just now. 2. In the outer apart- 
n«nt ; a% "He was but a few minutes ago," he was 
in the outer apartment a few minutes ogo, 

BUT, prtp. Towarda the outer part of the house ; 
" Gae frill the house," go to the outer apartment, 8. 
JZott.— A. 8. bute, buta ; Tent bmjftent extra, fbraa* 
forth, out of doors. Y. Bmr. 

BUTGIF, eoni. Unlesa KeiA*tHitt. 

BUT, BuT-Housa, t. The outer apartment of a hooM^ 
8. Bunbar. 

BUT, pr^. Besides. Barbour.^^A. 8. butan, praetei^ 

BUT, V. iaip. Bxpressive of neoesdty, 8. Y. Boor. 

BUT, «. Let ; impediment, 8. This is merely the 
prep.t denoting exduslon, used as a substantive. 

BUT AND, pr^. Besides. Y. BoTias. 

To BUTCH, V. a. To slanghter ; to kiU for the market, 
8. ; pron. q. Bootek, Westmorland, id. 

To BUTE, V. a. To divide ; as synon. with pari.— Su. 
G. IsL bjft-a, pronounced but-a, primarily slgnlfles to 
change, to exc h an g e, in a seoondaiy sense, to divide, 
to share ; Tout, fruel^en, bujft-en, pexmutare, oommu- 
tars^ and also psMdarl, pnaedam fscere ; Sn. G. Isl. 
bjfte, denotes both exchange and spoil. Y. BAiniro. 

BUTELANG, s. The lenoth or distance between one 
butt, used in areheiy, and another. Aott Jo. VI. 

BUTSB, BoTtia, t. Bittern. Y. Borroua. 

BUTIS,«.jrf. Boots, "AnepairoffruMi." Aberd. Beg. 

BUTOUR, t. Perhaps, the foot of a bittern. In- 
eeal oriet.— Tent ftaloor ; Fr. buter. 

BUTT, i. 1. A piece of ground, which in ploughing 
docs not fonn a proper ridge, but is excluded aa an 
angle, 8. 2. A small piece of ground di^foined ftrom 
the adjacent lands.— Fr. boutt end, extremity; L. B. 
butta terrae, agellos. 8. Those parts of the tanned 
hides of horses which are under the crupper, are 
called dallt, probably as being the extremities, 8. 

BUTT-BIG, t, A ridge. Y. under Bio, Rioo. 

BUTT, t. Ground appropriated for practising archery, 
8. An oblique use of the B. term, whidi denotes the 
mark at which archers shoot— Our sense of the word 
may be fh>m Fr. butte^ an open or vdd space. 

To BUTT, V. a. To drive at a stone lying near the 
mark in curling, so aa, If possible, to push it away, 
Galloway ; To Hde, aynon. Aug. Bvoidton*t Seatont. 

To BUTTBB, «. a. To flatter; to coax. A low word, 
8. ; ftpom the idea of rendering bread more paUtable, 
by besmearing it with butter. 
BUTTEBIN', t. Flattery, 8. 
BUTTEB and BSAB^AFF. Groas flatteiy. Ift oP 

butter and bear<afft 8. B. 
BUTTJSB<{L0GK8. SmaU morsels of butter floating on 

the top of milk, Boxb. 
BUTTLE, BATTta, t. A sheaf; a bundle of hay or 
straw. OriginaUy the same with B. bottlt; and 
allied to Teut. frutMl, fssciSi 




BUTTOCK MAIL, f . A Indierous designation giren to 
the fine exacted by an ecclesiastical eonrt as a com- 
mutation for public siUlsfaction in cases of fornication, 
Ac., a. T. Mail, 9. as denoting tribute, Ac. 

BUTWARDS, ado. Towards the outer part of a room, 
or house, B. B. Ron, 

BWIGHT, f . A booth. Aberd, Beg, 

BWNIST,<Mt;. Uppermost. Jhutbar, — Vnmi6oon,contr. 
from oInmm, abore, corresponding to modem boonmott, 
uppermost, q. t. Belg. boventte, id. from 5ove», above. 

BTAUCH, (^mM. monos.) t. Applied to any liTing 
creature, rational or hrrational ; as, " a peerle dyatKA," 
a small child ; a punj calf, Ac., Oikn. Gaithn. This 
seems to dilfer little ftom BaiA, BaiAie, a child. 


GA, Ojlw, t. A walk for eattte, a particular dlstricti S. 
B. Y. Gixx, Caw, v. JZoat. 

CA,«. A pass or defile between hllli^ Butherl. Statitt. 

To CA', V. a. To drive, Ac. Y. under Gazx. 

To GA' in a Chap, To follow up a blow, Aberd. ; un- 
doubtedly borrowed from the act of driylng a nail, Ac. 

CA' 0' the Water, The motion of the wares as driyen 
by the wind ; as, The eaf & the water ia foett, the 
waTes drive towards the west, 8. Y. Call, «. 

To OA', Caw, v, a. To call, 8. 

GA', «. Abbrey. for calf ; a soft, foolish person, Bozb. 

To GA', V. n. To calve, 8. 0. €fl. Pidcen. 

GA, Caw, f . Quick and oppresdve respiration ; asi 
" He has a great caw at his breast," 8. 

To GAB, V. a. To pilfer, Loth. ; perhapa originally the 
same with Cap, q. v. 

OABARB,*. A lighter. Spalding. Y. Oabibt. 

CABBAGK, i. A cheese. Y. Kubbuok. 

GABBEB, Kbbbib, t. A box, made of laths, narrow at 
the top, used as a pannier for carrying grain on horse- 
back ; one beli« carried on each side of the horse ; 
8utherl. Statitt. Aoe. 

GABBBAGH, a4j. Bapacious, laying hold of every- 
thing, 8. B. iZosf.— Gael, eabhrach, an auxillazy. 

GABKLD, adj. Eeined, bridled. i>ttii&ar.~Teut 
fcebel, a rope. 

GABIb!, Kabae, Kbbbbb, t. 1. A rafter, 8. DoutfUu, 
The thinnings of young plantations are in the High- 
lands called Kdbbra. Kebbres do not mean rafters, 
only the small wood laid upon them, immediately 
under the divott or thatch. 2. The same term is 
used to denote the transverse beams in a kiln, on 
which grain is laid for being dried, 8. 8. Used in 
some parts of 8. for alarge stick ; like&enf, rung, Ac. 
— G. B. keiber; Com. keber^ a rafter; Ir. caJbar, a 
coupling ; Teut. ikcper, a beun, a brace. 

GABOK, i. A cheese. Y. Kbbbuck. 

CABBOGH, 04/. Lean, meagre ; OeeOnwh, Galloway. 
Bverffreen. — Ir. Gael, toofrar, thin. 

GAGE, Gam, «. Chance, accident On ooce, by 
chance. DougUu.—¥T. ea$. Lat. oosim, id. 

To GAGHB, V, n. To wander ; to go astray. Ba't^f 
CoHyear.—O. Fr. cocMer, aglter, expulser. 

To CACHE, Gaiob, Cabob, 9. a. To toss, to drive, to 
shog, 8. Dougla»,—Be\g. haatt-en, to toss, Ital. 
oooc-iore, to drive. 

CACHE-KOW, ff. A cow-catdier, a cow-stealer. 
Douglae. Bather, perhaps, a poinder, or officer ap- 
pointed to seise and detain cows or other catUe found 
feeding on the property of another. Y. Pubdlbb. 

CAGHEPILL, «. Pertuips tennis-court. Aberd. Beg. 

CACHE-POLE, Catohpvlb, t. The game of tennis. 
Chdtmen^ Jfary.— From Belg. haatepd, id. ; as the 
ball used In tennis is called ftooCital, and the chase 
or limits of the game kaatt. 

CACHESPALEWALL. Moaning doubtful. Y.Caobb- 

To CACKIS, V. n. To go to stool ; genexally used in 

regard to diUdren, 8. 
CACK8, Caours, i. pi. Human ordure, 8. Both the 

V. and i. have been of almost univenal use among 

the western nations. — G. B. cach-« ; Lr. Gael, cae-am ; 

Teut kach-en ; lal. kuck-a ; Ital. eae^tre ; Hi«p. 

eag-ar ; lAt eao<Kre; 0. E. eocfce, to go to stod ; A. 

8. ooe ; Teut katk ; IsL &ufc-r ; C. B. Armor. oaA ; 

0. Fr. eac-a, eae^ii; Hisp. o«hi; Lat ooo-ofiM^ 

Btereus, foiia, meidus, Ac, ; A. 8. coc^im ; Teut 

ftoefc'Aiiyt, latrina, a privy. 
GADDSS, «. A kind of woollen doth. Jnventorief.— 

Fr. eodit, a kind of dmgget 
CADDIS, ff. Lint for dressing a wound, 8. Gael, oadoj^ 

a pledget. 
CADDBOUN,*. A caldron. Aberd, Beg. 
CADGE, ff. A shake ; a jolt 
3b CADGE. Y. Caohb. 
GADGELL, ff. A wanton fellow. Y. Caioib. 
GADGY, Cast, adj. Y. Caioib. 
CADGILT, ode. Cheerfully, 8. Fergwm. 
CADIS, ff. 1. One who gains a livelihood by running 

errands, or delivering messages ; amember of a sodety 

in Edinburgh, instituted for this purpose, 8. Fergv^ 

ton. 2. A boy; especially asemi^oyedin running 

errands, or in any inferior sort of work, 8. 8. A young 

fellow ; used in a ludicrous sense, 8. Bvmi. 4. A 

young fellow ; used in the language of friendly fami- 

liari^, 8. Pidcen, — Fr. codef, a younger brother. 
GADOUK, Caddodox, 9. A casualty. Mowrfft Sxped. 

L. B. eadMcitm, hamditas, (firom ood-cre,) something 

that fUls to one, in whatever way. E. a windtfaU. 
CADUG, a4j' Frail, fleeting. OomplariU S.—Vr. 

eaduque, Lat ocmIuc-m, id. 
GAFF, ff. ChafE, 8. Bam$ay.—A, 0. oeitf, Germ, ke^, 

id. palea. 
GAFLIS, ff. 14. Lots. Y. Gavbl. 
GAIT, pret. v. Bought ; for ooft TannahiU. 
CAGEAT, ff. A small casket or box. Invenioriet. — 

Apparently corr. of Fr. cosieMe, id. It also denotes 

a till, or small shallow box, in which money is kept 
CAHOW. The cry at Hide^mdrSeek, \fj those who 

hide themsdvea, to announce that the seeker nuiy 

commence his search, Aberd. 
CAHUTE, ff. 1. The cabin of a ship^ Evergreen. 2. 

A small or private apartment of any kind, DouglaM. 

—Germ. kaitUe, Jtoiute, 8u. G. kaijuta^ the cabin of 

a ship. 
GATB, ff. The iron employed in making a spade, or any 

such instrument; 8utherl.— Gad. csibe, a spade. 

StaUitt. Aeo. 
GAICEABLB, adj. YThat nmy happen ; possible. 

Probably diiferent from GaseoUe, q. v., and allied to 

On eaee, by chance. 





CAIOBJB» «. Tbe game of hand-balL T. Oaitohb. 
CAXDOINBSS, «. 1. Waatonneai, 8. 2. Gaiety ; 
sportlYenefls, 8. 8. Affectionate kindness, lanarks. 
, Kaif, a4j. 1. Tsme, Bonth of 8. 2. VamlUar, 
:b. GL 8ibb.~Bw. kufvh€h to tame. 
To CAIGB, Oaidob, v, n. To wanton, to wax wanton. 

jPhOatui.Sa, G. kaeU^as, lasclvlre. 
CAIQH, «. Caigh oMd care ; anzie^ of erery kind, 

OAIOIX, Caidot, C&dt, Kbast, oOq. 1. Wanton, 8. 
JTiddy, Ang. Xyndaay. 2. Cheezfnl, sportire ; 
haTing the Idea of innocence conjoined, 8. iSoiiuay. 
8. Affectionately kind, or hospitable^ T^narks. Dnmfr. 
Bozb.— ^Dan. Tcaadt ^Q- ^> hcuUt salaz, lasdYos ; Isl. 
Jcaat^ur^ hilaris. 
CAIK, «. A stitch, a sharp pais in the side, Bonth of 

a OL Bibb.— Tent fcoeefc, obstrnetio liepatU. 
CAIK, s. A cake of oatmeal, 8. Knox. 
CAIKBAK8TSB, t. Pextaaps « bisenit-baker. Caik- 

backtteris, Aberi. Beo. 
CAIK-FUMLBB, 9, A parasite, a toad-eater, a smell- 
feast ; or perhaps a coretons wretch. Douctat. 
O AIKU, $. A foolish, silly person, Peebles ; Tlewed 

as synon. with GTaifcie, id., Belkirks. Y. Gawub. 
CAIL, s. Colewort, 8. V. Kail. 
OATTiTJACH, «. An old woman. Highlands of 8. 

Tra«erIey.~GaeL Ir. caiUeack, id. 
GATNS, f . An opprobrious tenn, used in his Flyting 

by Kennedy. 
CAIP, $. A kind of cloak or mantle andently worn In 

8. Inventoriet.—Bvu G. kappa, pallimn. 
CAIP, Caps, «. The highest part of anything, 8. 
Hence, catfp-stone, the cope-stone, 8.— Tent tojspe, 
cnlmen ; C. B. kt^pa, the top of anything. 
To CATP a roof. To put the cerering on the roof, 8. 
To OAIP a wall. To crown a wall. 
CAIP, «. A cofBn. Henrysonc^A. 8. eqfct cavea. 

To CAIB, Cau, v. n. To rake firom the bottom of any 
dish of soup, Ac., so M ta obtain the tiilckest ; to 
endcayour to catch by mklng ab imo, Boxb. Clydes. 
8. B. Hence the pror. p^irase, '* If ye dlnna oair, 
yeVgetnae thick."-— " Care, to rake up^ to search 
for, [as, *' To oair wmnf fAe a«e /*] 8w. kaara^ colUgere, 
Tent. Iroren, eligere f* Gl. Bibb 
CAIB, «. The act of extracting the thickest part of 

broth, Ac., as abore. 
To CAIB, Kaix, v. o. 1. To drire backwards and 
forwaids, 8. Care. Gl. 8ibb. 2. To extract the 
thidiest part of broth, hotch-potch, Ac. with the 
spoon, while sifpp^. This is called "cotfrM* the 
kaO," Upp. Clydes.— Id. Aetr-o, Sn. G. Aoer-o, tI 
To OAIB, Cats, v. n. 1. To return toa place where one 
has been before. TToIIaee. 2. Blmply to go.— A. S. 
eerr-oiii to return, Belg. Aecr-en, Germ. A«r-eii, to 
CAIB, Oaab, Caxrt, Kxb, m^*. Left. Hence eair- 
kofwiie, eorry-AoiMlif, oaar-Aondtft, left-handed, 8. 
CAQLBAN, t. The basking shark. ▼. Briqdis. 
CAI&OLEUCK, «. The left hand, 8. B. V. Clbuok. 
CATBOOBNB, s. Perhaps, inferior com for catfle. 
iltoxL JSea*— Gael. oeotAero, pron. catro, catae, 
foa^footed beasts. 
CAIBD, Cabd, KAnu>, f. 1. A gipsy ; onewholiresby 
atesUng, 8. Bon. 2. A trsTelling tinker, 8. Burnt. 
8. A atnnly beggar; 8. ; synon. with Samar, 4. A 
scold, & B.— Ir. tieoiri^ ee<rd, a tinker. I 

OAIBN, «. 1. A heap of stones ttirown together in a 
conical form, 8. Pemtaftf . 2. A building of any 
kind in a ruined state, a heap of rubbish, 8. Bums. 
—Gael. Ir. earner C. B. eameddaio, id. Ed. Uiuyd 
asserts that in C. B. " kaiem is a primitiye word ap- 
propriated to signify such heaps of stones." 

OAIBNT. Abounding with eainu, or heaps of stones^ 
8. TomimakOi, 

CAIBNGOBM, Caibmobum, «. A coloured crystal, 
which derlYos its name from a hill in Inremess-shire 
where it is found. It has been called the &oMiA 
Topa» ; but it now giyes place to another crystal of a Car 
harder quality found near Inrereauld. <SAaio'« Moraf. 

CAIRN-TANGLB, «. fingered Pucus, 8ea-Giidle, 
Hangers ; Fucus digitatus, Unn. Aberd. Means. 

CAIBT, i. A chart or map. Buret.- Tout. karU; 
¥r. carte, id. 

CAIBTS, «. pi. 1. Cards, as used in play, 8. 2. A 
game at cards, 8.— Fr. carte, id. Y. OAETas. 

GAIBTABIS, «. pi. Players at cards, Kwm. 


weeds of 

CAia-WSBBS, s. f)I. Mooining weeds, 

care." Jhmbar. 
To GAIT, V. n. Y. CAta. 

CAITCHE, Oaiou, «, A kind of game with tbe hand- 
ball. Lyndiay.— Tent. keUe, ictus pilae, kaett-en, 
GAITHIB, i. A laige-headedlish ; Lophiui Pinxitorum. 
To C AIYmi, Kaivxx, v. n. To warer in mind ; to be 
incoherent, as persons are at the point of death, Boxb. 

GAIZIE, «. 1. A flshii«-boat. 2. A chest, ShetL— 
Tent, kane, capsa. 

* CAKS, «. Distinctive designation in 8. for a cake of 

CALCHEN, ^fiuU.) i. A sqnaie fjrame of wood, with 
ribs across it, in the form of a gridiron, on which 
candle-flx i»dried in the chimney, 8. B.— Isl. kiaike, 
a sledge, sperrv-AioUi, rafters. 

2bCAI/)UL,«.a. To calculate. Aberd. Reo. Y.Calkil. 

CALD, Cauld, a4f. 1. Cold, 8. Popular BaU. 2. 
Cool, delibemte, not msh in Judgment. DougUu. 
8. Dry in manner, net kind, repulsire ; as, "a ccwM 
word," &— Hoes. G. kaUlM, A. 8. ceoid, Alem. cAoIt, 
IsL kalt, frigidus. 

GALD, Gaitu>, 9. 1. Cold, the priyaUon of heat, 8. 
Wyntown. 2. The disease caused by cold, 8. 

GALDEIFE, GAVLOBira, aO^. 1. Causing the sensa- 
tion of cold, 8. Boa. 2. Yery susceptible of oold, 
8. 8. Indifferent, cool, not manifesting regard or 
interest, 8. FerguMon.—Caid and rife, q. "abound- 
ing in cold." 

To Cast tbb Gaulb of a thing, to get free from the bad 
consequences of any eril or misfortune, 8. 

GALE, s. Colewort Y. Kail. 

CALP-COUNTBT, Calf-Gxodiid, s. The place of one's 
nativity, or where one has been brought up, 8. ; Coif 
being pron. Cawf. 

CALnNG,«. Wadding. Y. Col». 

CAUTLEA, 9. Infield ground, one year under natural 
gmss ; probably thus denominated from the caXve9 
being fed on it Ang. 

GALF-IiOYE, CAWT-Lova, s. Love in a very eady stage 
of life; an attachment formed .before reason has 
begun to have any sway ; q. looe in the state of a 

GALr-U)YB, adS- Of or belonging to veiy early affec- 
tion, 8. TkoEnUM. 

CALI-SOD, 9. The sod or sward bearing fine grass, 
Boxb. Perhaps as affording excellent food for rear- 
ing eoieef. 




CALI-WARD, c. ▲ anill endomn for rauiaff ealvett 

8. Sunu, 
OALIGBAT, t. Apparently an emmet or ant Burel. 
To CALKIL, «. a. To cakalate.r-rr. eakul-er, Id. 

To CALL, Ga', Cjla, Oaw, v. a. 1. To dilTe, lo impel 
In any direetion, 8. Barbtmr. 8. To strike, vith 
the prep, at, 8. Sir Egeir. 8. To aearch by tmrere- 
ing ; at, •* 111 caw the haiU town for't, or I want It," 
&~Dan. kagtf lerlter Toiteiare. 

CALL, Caw of tk€ wolar, the motion of it in cooaeqnenoe 
of the action of the wind, 8. 

To CALL, Caw, Oa', v. «. 1. To aobmlt to be dilTen, 
& "That beaat wlnna oow, for a' that I can do,** 8. 
2. To go in or enter, in oonaeqaenoe of being 
driven, 8. Bord. if <iu<. 8. To move qcdoUy, 8. Ron, 

CALLAN, Caixaxd, Callavt, t. 1. A stripling, a lad ; 
"ayoong eallasw2,'*a boy, 8. BaMic 2. AppUed 
to a yoong man, as a term expreisiTe of affection, 8. 
WaverUjt, 8. Often used as a ftmUiar teim ezpres- 
sire of affection to one oonsidenbly adTanoed in life, 
8. Aieuay.— Vr. oaUant. Douglas uses gaUandit 

CALLAN, «. A girl, Wlgtonihire.—Ir.ea<le, denotes a 
ooontry-woman, whence the dimin. oaAtn, **a mar^ 
xiageable girl ; a young woman," Obrien. SzpL by 
Shaw, "aUtttegiri." 

C ALLEK, s. One who drires horses or cattle under the 
yoke. Barry, 

CALLBB, adj. Fiesh, Ac Y. CiLLOum. 

CALLBT, f. The head, Boxb.— TeuL hcJUngUt globua. 

CALUOUK OmfNB. A caUTer gun, i, e., a Ughter 
kind of matchlock piece, between a harquebuse and 
a musket, and which was fired without a rest. Orose's 
Bfillt. Hist 

CALLOT, «. A Mwtdk or cap for a woman's head, with- 
out a border, Aug.— Vr. ouMte, a coif. 

CALLOUR, Callu, Cauub, adj. 1. Cool, refreshing ; 
" a ooUour day," a cool day, 8. Douolat, 2. fresh; 
not in a state of putridity, 8., asoaUoMr meoC, ooKoMr 
>Ut Ac. BdUnden, Also applied to regetable 
substances that hare been recently pulled, whioh are 
not beginning to Cade ; as, " That gremt are quite 
ooUour, they were poo^d this moining," 8. Bott. 8. 
XxpressiTe of that temperament of the body which 
indkmtes health ; as opposed to hot, fcTeriah, 8. 
Bou. 4. HaTing the plump and rosy appearance of 
health, as opposed to a sickly look, 8. It seems to 
eouTey the idea of the effect of the free air of the 
countiy.— Isl. kaUdur, frigidus. 

CALL-THS-OU8B. A sort of game. 

CALMEAAGX, adj. Of or belonging to cambric. 
Aberd. Beg. Y. CAMxnaAioB. 

CALHES, Caums, «. pL 1. A mould, a fltane, 8. 
Aett Jd. ri. 2. The small cords through which the 
warp is passed in the loom, 8. ; «ynon. Aeddlet. 8. 
In Hu eaulmi, in the state of being feamed or 
modelled, metaph. Ba<Uie.— Qerm. quemen, quad- 
mre ; 8u. O. Uquaem, Bdg. be9iuiam,flt meet 

CALOO, Callow, Calaw, «. The pintail duck. Anas 
acuta, Linn., Oifcn. Barry, 

CAL8AT, t. Causeway, street AeU Jo, VI. 

CAUSAT-PAIKEB, «. A streetwalker. Y. PAina. 

CAI£HIB, CAL0BAOH, adj, Cmbbed, iU-humoured, 8. 
Jforiion.— Isl. kalt-a, irrldere, Inteiw-wr, derisor. 

C AL8T7TERD, ofl^*. Apparently for eoi/vfsr'd, oanlked. 
Chnm, S. PotL-^Wr. ca^fmtrer, Dan. ka^fatror, to 

CALTER, f . A cow with calf, 8.— Tout. kalv€r4eoo, id. 

OALtnaua; $. pt Pedmps a eorr. of the name 
Coloyen^ as denoting Greek monks of the order of 

CAMACK, t. The game otherwise called Shinty, 8. B. 
Y. Caxicook. 

OABCBIB LIAF, t. The water-lily, Nymphaea allia 
et lutea, Linn. & B. 

CAMBLB. To prate saudly, A. Bor. Y. CAMrr. 

CA1CD00T8HI1, adif, 8sgaciott8, Perths.; synon. 

OAMDUIff. A species of trout iSfiUoM.— Gael, com, 
crooked, and dtibh, black. 

OAMB, «. A honeycomb^ 8. Piekm*t Poem. Y. Katxb. 

CAMXI/8 HAUL The Tertebral ligament 4ynon. 
Fick-Fackt q. t. Qlydes. 

OAMXRAL, Cahbeil, «. A laige, ill-shaped, awkward 
person, swh as Dominie Sampson. Bozb.— C. B. 
ooaireol signiflea misrule; cammyr, bending ob- 
liqndy ; from ooai, crooked, awiy. 

CAMXRJOUNKBB, s A gentleman of the bed- 
chamber. Mimnft JBtsgwd.— from 8w. ftaauaar, a 
chamber, and jwnker, the spark ; or Belg. kamer, and 
jomker^ a gentleman. 

CAMX8TER, t . A wool-comber. Y. Kbmbbtbb. 

CAMY, Camoz, adj, 1. Crooked. Maiiland Foemt, 
2. Metaph. used to denote what Is rugged and un« 
equaL AmvIos.— Ir. Qaet coai, 0. B. JbaiN, L. B. 

C AMYNG CLAITH. A cloth worn round the shoulders 

during the prooem of combing the hair. Inventoriti. 
CAMTNO CURCHB. A particular kind of dress for a 

woman's head. 
CAMIB,t.jil. Combs. Pron. caitau, & 
CAMLA-LIKX, <u^. 8uUen, suriy ; Aberd. Jornn, 

Zond.— IsL kamleU^, id., tetricus. 
CAMlCAC,s. A stroke with ttie hand, Oikn. 
CAMIU8, t, A coarse cloti^ XastNook of fife. Coir. 

from Cfanvatt. 
C AMBCXI^ «. A crooked pleee of wood, naed as a hook 

for h a ngin g any thing on, Bozb. Htmifrd synon., 

CAMMBLT, a^. Qiookcd ; as, <* a eaai«e» bow," 

Bozb.— 0. B. eoaisiiU, pron. camO^uU, a wrong form, 

from ccnn, crooked, and dull, figure, shape. 
CAMMXRAIOB, Camboohb, t. Cambric. AeU Jo. 

VI, Linen doth of Cambray ; in lat oamcrao^tm, 

in Tent coeiei^T;. 
AMMXS, Cambs, s. This seems to denote what is now 

called gauae, the thin doth on which fiowers are 

wrought— Pertiaps firam Ital. eoaioo-a, a kind of silk, 

or rather what Phillips calls eamio-a, "inandent 

deeds ; camlet ^ fl>^c stuff, made at first purdy of 

camel's hair." 
CAIIMICK, «. A prsTSAtiTe ; a stop, Shea.-0. Germ. 

leoMM sipiifies languor, kaamig, mortildus ; f mnc. 

ktimio, aegrotus, and leotan, tIz, used adyeibially as 

denoting what can scaredy be accomplished. 
OAMMOCK,- Caxmob, s. 1. A crooked stidc, 8. 2. 

The game also called Shinty, Perths.— Celt owiftaoa, 

id. Bullet Gad. eaman, a huriing-dub. 
CAM-N08XD, Camow-Nobbo, 04^ flat-nosed. Poi- 

wart.— Jr. eamm, fcL 
CAMORAGB, f. Y. Camxbeajob. 
CAMOYTMB, Camowtbb, «. Camomile, 8. Sou, 
CAMP, «. An oblong heap of potatoes ear Jied up 

for bdng kept through winter, Berw.'-Id. IPoBip^, 

caput parietb ; also, cUtus. 
CAliP, a4j' Brisk ; active ; spirited, Sdklrics. My 

hone U vary oamp (he dayt he is in good ^Irita. The 




suae tem f b spplied to a eodr, a dog, Ac. It li nctrly 
synon. with Crmu, — Bu. G. iBMMpe, a wfwUer. 

CAMP, ff. ▲ romp ; applied to both aexoB, Loth.^In 
Tent, the teim Icompe, XwRpe, haa been traaaferred 
from a boxer to a troll ; pogU ; peUez, KlUan. 

To OAMP, «. ». 1. To contend. MiMWm MB, 2. 
To play the itmp, Loth.— Oerm. komj^-et^ certare. 
y. KBf. 

OAAfPBBLKCKfl, f.ja. Maelcal tricks, Bnehaa ; lynon. 
Cantraipi. — Perhaps Tent, leoempir, a wrestler, and 
lek, play, q. jousts, toamaments. 

OABfPT, oc^*. 1. Bold, biave, heroical ; GL Bibb. 8. 
Spirited ; as, "a eampf fellow," Eoxb. 8. Ill-na- 
tmred, contentions, Loth. Y. Camp, «. 

CAMPIOUN, ff. A champion. Bdlmdm.—liaX. cam- 
jiiofM, id. 

CAMPRULY, <M^. Contentions, 8. A.— Id. Imrjm, 
pa(Ui &nd rMfflo, tnitere. Or perhaps, q. RulU <A« 
Camp, Y. BoLia. 

OAMBJEL^ GAiacaBiL, s. A crooked piece of wood, 
pasdng thmogh the ancles of a sheep, or other car^ 
caa% by means of which it is suspended till it be 
flayed and disembowelled, Dnmfr. — CoMt in 0. B. 
and Oael., signifies crooked. 

CAH8CH0, Gamscbol, Gampsho, Cambhaok, 9d$. 1. 
Crooked. DouoUxM. 2. Denoting a stem, grim, or 
distorted countenance. Auneay. 8. Hi-humoured, 
contentious, crabbed ; Ang. Y. Cakt. 

lb CAM 8HACHLB, GAmiiAiiaBLB, v. a. 1. To distort. 
In Bozb. it is appUed to a stick that is twisted, or to 
a wall that is standing off the line. SkoMiMit pro- 
perly signifies distorted in one direction ; but cma^ 
AtmMU, distorted both ways. 2. To oppresa or bear 
down with (ktigue or confinement. 

CAMSHAUCHI/D, poH. a^f. 1. Distorted, awry; 
having the legs bent ontwarda, Boutfa of S. Nicol, 
2. Angry, cross, quarrelsome, 8.— Cum, crooked, and 
Aadde, distorted, q. v. 

CAM8HACK, a^j. Unlneiky, Aberd. SMimer, Cam- 
tkaek'kairf "unlucky concern," 61.— This seems 
to acknowledge a common origin with Cam»dM, 

OAM8TANJ6, CAimoim, t. 1. Common compact lime- 
stone, 8. 2. White clay, indurated. Loth. Gug 
JfaiMMTln^.- Tent telmcy-^feen, lapis calaminarls. 

CAMBTXBIE, Gaxbtaibib, CAMsnAnr, o^/. Froward, 
perrerse, unmanageable, S. Biotous, quarrelsome ; 
Sibb.— C erm feastjp, batae, and tUarrig^ stiiT, q. ob- 
stinate D fight. Oael. oomAs^ striring together, 
fipm com A, tog-'ther, and sfK, strife. 

CAMSTBUDOKOUB, of^. The same with Camstskii; 
Fife.— Isl. kaempef miles, and ttHttg, animus incen- 
sns ; also^ fiastus ; q. fierce^ incensed, or haughty 

CAN, ff. A measure of UqoMs, 8hetL It contains 
about an English gallon.^Id. kannOf id. 

CAN, ff. A broken piece of earthen ware, AberS. 

To CAN, «. a. To know. HcmiPffone.— Tent hmn-em, 
noscere ; posse. 

CAN, Caxv, ff. 1. Skill, knowledge, 8. B. Son, 2. 

AbUity, 8. B. jeofff. 
CAN, pret. for (Ton, began. WaUaee. 
CANA0B, ff. The act of paying the du^, of whatever 

kind, denoted by the term Came. 
CANALYIE, Cajvnailtib. The rabble, 8. Fr.oanaiUe, 

id. jr. Nieol. 
CANBUS. This seems to signify bottlea made of 
gourde.— From Fr. eaniMtesse^ id., the aame as cole- 

(cms, Ootgr. 

CANDAYAIG, ff. 1. A foul salmon, fliat haa Uen in 
ftvsh water till summer, without migrating to the 
sea ; Ang. 2. Used as denoting a peculiar species 
of salmon, Aberd. Siatitt. ^oe.-*^ael. eecmn, head, 
and dMbkaeht a black dye ; foul salmon being called 

CANDEIrBBND, ff. The Tcry thick sole leather used 
for the shoes of ploughmen, Bozb.— Perhapa formerly 
prepared at Kendal in England I 

CANDENT, a4j. Fervent; red-hot— Lat condeiM, 
M* Wardft CSimteiuUii0«. 

CANDENCT, ff. Fervour ;hotness.— Lat. candenMOjibid. 

CANDY-BBOAD BUOAB Loaf or lump sugar. OiwU- 
brod, id., Fife. 

CANDY-GLUE, s. Treacleboiled toaconslstoncy, Aberd. 

CANDLE and CASTOCK. A large turnip, from which 
the top is diced off, that it may be hollowed out till 
the rind become transparent ; a candle is then put 
into it, the top being restored by way of lid or cover. 
The light shows, in a fd^tful manner, the face 
formed with blacking on the outside, 8. 

CANDLE-COAL, CAimi^^toAi., s. A species of coal 
which gives a stmng light ; panrA coal, 8. 

CANDLE-FIB, «. Fir that has been buried fn a 
morass ; moss-fUlen fir, split and naed instead of 
candles, 8. A. Y. Calohu. 

CANDLBMAS-BLEBZE,ff. Thegiftmadeby pupils to 
a schoolmaster at Candlemas^ Bozb. Selklrks. ; else- 
where, CandUmoM Cifftring. Y. BLaBss-Monr. 

CANDLEMAS CBOWN. A badge of dUtinction con- 
ferred, at some grammar schools, on him who gives 
the highest gratuity to the rector, at the teim of 
Candlemas, 8. Statist, Aoe. 

CANDLBSHEABfl, ff. pi. SnufTers, 8. 

CANE, Kaiv, Cahaob, ff. A duty paid by a tenant to 
his landlord in kind; as "cone cheese;" *'oafie 
fowls," Ac. 8. JtomMy. — L. B. eon-nm, caii-a, 
tribute, from Gael, eeannf the head. 

Kaut BAiam. A living tribute supposed to be paid by 
warlocks and witches to their master, the, devil, S. 
Bord. MUut, 

To Pat ni Caoi. To suffer severely in any cause, 8. 

To CANOLE, o. n. 1. To quarrel, to be in a state of 
altercation, & JEomffoy. 2. To cavil, Meams.— 
Isl. JMoenifc-a, arridere ; GaeL eaknoeal, a reason, 
cainonamj to aigue. 

GANGLING, ff. Altercation, 8. Z. Bcyd. 

C ANGLES, ff. AJangler, 8. JZamsay. 

* To OANKEB, «. n. To fret; to become peevish or 
ill-humoured, 8. 

CANKEBY, OAirzmis, a4j. Ill-humoured. Synon. 
Caakeri. Cankriegtt superlat. Benfr. Ayrs. GoU. 

CANKEBpNAIL, ff. A painful slip of fiesh raised at 
ttie bottom of the maOl of one's finger, Upp. Clydes. 

CANKEBT, CAnnaiT, adj. Cross, ill-conditioned, 
avaricious, 8. Z^0>laff. 

CANLDB, ff. A very common game in Aberd., pUyed 
by a number of boys, (me of whom is, by lot, chosen 
to act the port of OatUie, to whom a certain portion 
of a street, or ground, as it may happen, Is marked 
off as his territory, into which if any one of the other 
boys presume to enter, and be caught by CanUe be- 
fore he can get off the gronod, he is doomed to take 
the place of Cainli«t who becomes fkee in consequence 
of the capture. It is something similar to the game 
caUed Tig or Tide. 

CANN A DOWN, Caxxaob, ff. Cotton grasa, Briophorum 
vaginatum, Linn. 8. Gael. eafMMck, id. Orant, 




OANNA, CAJtoKAM, cannot ; compounded of mh, ▼., and 
iM or noe, not^ B. Percy. IHnita, do not, Ammo, 
•hnll not, Wkma, will not, Downa, am, ii^ ornre not 
able^ nre oaed In the aame manner, S. 

CANNABIS, Gaiubib, «. Corr. of Camp$, lutein 
toHet. Poema I6th CenL 

OANNAOH, CoHXAQn, t. A diaeaae to which hens are 
BolUect, in which the nostrila are so itopped that the 
fowl cannot breathe, and a horn growa on the tongue ; 
apparently the Pip. CannaoK 'i'« ; Omniooh, 
8UrUngs.~Ir. and Oael, eonocfc, the monain among 

G ANN A8, Oinn, «. 1 . Any coane doth, like that of 
which mile are made, 8. B.— Fr. eamevaa ; 8w. Imm- 
feut ; B. eaiiMt. 2. A coarae aheet need for keeping 
grain from fklling to the gxoond when it is winnowed 
by means t)f a wedU, 8. B. 8. lletaph. the sails of a 
ship, a, B. PoemBuek. Dial. 

OANNBS-BRAID, «. The breadth of such a sheet, 8. 
B. Sou, 

CANNEL,«. Cinnamon. StatitL Aec^Vr, oamUUe, 
Teat. Dan. kantdr Isl. kcmdl. 

CANNEL-WATEB8, «. pi. Cinnamon waters, 8. 

To OANNSL, V. a. To channel ; to chamfer, 8.— Vr. 
eafutd-tTt id. 

CANNBI^ a. The nndennost or lowest part of tiie edge 
of any tool, which has recelTed the finishing, or 
highest degree of sharpness nsnally giren to it ;^ as, 
" the oofUMl of an axe," Bozb. Bevd^td4fe synon. 
y. OAmnL, «. . 

CANNBLL.BATNB. TheeeUar-bone.'-iraUaoe.— Fr. 
oanneott dn eol, the nape of the nc«k. Oatrnd bone 
cocars in 0. B. 


CANNTOA', «. The woodwoim, Fife. Apparently de- 
n o minated fh>m the softness of the sound emitted by 
it, q. what cawt or driyes eanniljf. 

CANNIB, or CANNON NAIL, the aame with Caiha 
NaUt 8. A. 

CANNIB, Kiiniii, mdj. 1. Cautious; prudent, 8. 
BaUlie. 2. Artful ; crafty, 8. Sutkerford. 8. At^ 
tentiye ; wary ; watchful, 8. Bammf. 4. Frugal ; 
not glTen to ezpenae, 8. Burnt. 6. Moderate in 
chaiges, 8. §. Modemte in condoet ; not serere in 
depredation or exaction. WaverUif. 7. Useful; 
beneficial, 8. Sou. 8. Handy ; expert at any bu- 
siness ; often used in relatlou to midwifery, 8. Forba. 
9. Gentle; so as not to hurtasorCrS. 30. Gentle 
and winning in speech. 11. Soft > easy ; as applied 
to a state of rest, 8. Banuay. 12. Slow in motion. 
*' To gang canny," to move slowly ; " to caw oaimy," 
to drlYo softly ; also, to manage with frugality, 8. 
Burm. 13. M etaph. used to denote frugal manage- 
ment ; as, '* They're braw cannie folk," <. e., not 
given to expense, & 14. Soft and easy in motion, 8. 
16. Safe ; not dangerous. " A oantiy hone," (me 
that may be rode with safety, 8. Burnt, Nooatmy ; 
not safe ; dangerous, 8. Popul. Bdtt. 16. Com- 
posed ; deliberate ; as opposed to JloAtry, Aro«ottcr, 
8. 17. Not hard; not diflicult of execution, 8. 
Burnt. 18. Basyin situation; snug; comfortable; 
as, "He sits Tciy canny," "He has a braw canny 
seat," 8. Bamtay. 19. Fortunate ; lucky, 8. Pen- 
necuik. 20. Fortunate ; used in a superstitions sense, 
8. B. OaUoway. No canny, not fortunate ; ap- 
plied both to things and to persons. Batntay. 21. 
Endowed with knowledge, supposed by the vulgar to 
fvoceed ttom a preternatural origin; possessing 
magical skill, South of 8. TaUtLandl, 22. Good; 

worthy; "A braw camiy man," a pleasant, good- 
condittonad, or worthy man, 8. Statitt. Aee. 28. 
Applied to any instrument, it algnlflea well-fitted ; 
oouTenient, 8. B. Snrvey i^aim.— lal. Mtten, sdens, 
prudens ; calUdus, astutns ; kaeni, fortiset pradens ; 
firom kenn-a, noaoere. Isl. kyngi, t, knowledge ; in 
a secondary sense it is applied to magic 

CANNIB HOMBNT. The designation given to the 
time of fortunate child-bearing, 8. ; otherwise called 
Ae kappy kour; in Angus, oosmy mamenl. Ouy 

CANNIB WIFB. A common dealgnatlon far a midwife, 
8. Bern. Nifkt. Song. 

CANNIKIN,*. Drinking Teasel. Pitemt 19tk Cent.-- 
Either a dimin. flrom otm, Tent, kamu, or fhmi the 
same origin with J^Mfcen, q. r. 

CANNIIiT, ad9, 1. Cautiously ; prudently ; 8. BaOUe. 
2. Moderately, not Tiolentty, 8. BaOlie. 8. Basily, 
so as not to hurt or gall, 8. Butkerfard, 4. Gently, 
applied to a horse obeying the rein, 8. Wavarlty, 

CANNINBSS, «. X Caution, fortMarance ; moderation 
in conduct, 8. BaUlie, 2. Crafty management. 

CAN0I8, CAVoa, Cajiodb, o^/. Gray, hoaiy. lAt. 
ean-ut. Bouglat, 

To CANSB, V. n. To speak in a pert and saucy 
style, as displaying a great degree of self-importance, 

CAN8IB, a4f. Pert, speaking tnm. self-oonoeit ; as, 
" Tore aae comie," Ibid. 

CAN8HIB, aif'. Cross; ni-humoured, Berwloks. 
Merely a variety of Cantie, 

To CANT, V, n. 1. To sing in speaking, to repeat after 
the manner (rf recitation, 8. 2. To tell merry old 
stories, Ayia. Pideen. Probably because most ef 
the old atoriea were in rhyme, and were sung or 
chanted by minstrels. — lAt. cani-ars, to sing. 

CANT, «. A trick ;-a bad habit ; an atdd eantf an an- 
cient traditienary custom, Aberd. Neariy synon. 
with Caniraip. 

To CANT, V. a. 1. To set a stone on its edge ; a tenn 
used in masonry, 8. — Genu, kant-eni id. 2. To 
throw with a sudden Jerk, 8. " The sheltie canted 
its rider Into the Uttle rivulet" Tke PiraU, 

CANT, «. 1. The act of turning any body on Ita edg^ 
or Bide, with dexterity, 8. B. 2. Slight, 8. B. 

To CANT o*er, «. n. To fitll over ; to fall backwards, 
espedally If one Is completely overturned, 8. 

To CANT o'er, «. a. To turn over ; to overturn, 8. 

To CANT, V. n. To ride at a hand'gallop, 8. B. CkaUm, 

'CANT, adg. Lively ; meny ; brisk. Barbour, 

CANTT, adS, 1. Lively ; cheerful ; applied both to 
persens and to things, 8. Burnt. 2. Small and 
neat ; as, " A canly creature I" 8. B. — Ir. eainUaick, 
talkative ; prattling ; Su. G. 0on^a, ludiflcaie. 

CANTILIB, adv. Cheerfully, 8. 

CANTINBSS, t. Cheerfulness, 8. 

CANTIE>8MATCHET, f. A cant term for a louse, 
Boxb. ; apparently ftom the liveliness of its motion. 

CANTAILLIB, t. A comer-piece. Inventoria. — Fr. 
ckanteaUf elkontel, a comer^pieoe; Tent. keaUed, 
mutulus ; expl. by Sewel, "a battlement" 

CANTBL, CAimL, t. A fingment. Sir Bgeir.—TtxA, 
ftantoel, pinna mlna, Fr. chan^ a piece broken off 
from the comer or edge of a thing. 

CANTBL, «. AJi«glingtrick. HouiaJU. 
tdlrotort praestigiator, magus. 




OANTKLBN, t. Vwpedj, tm laoutettoii, nied to 
denote a trick. XyndMy.—Lat. oaiU<Z«n-a, a BODg. 

OANTBL^ Oaxtlb, «. 1. The croim of the head, Loth. 
Nigel. Teat. lEanteef, a battlement. 2. The thick, 
fleehy part behind the ear in a fiq/t bead; oontidered 
as a delicacy, when dnged and boiled in the Sootttab 
fkshion, Bozb. 

OANTLIN, «. Bxpl. "a comer; the chime of a caak 
or adie," A7TS.~rr. etdkmtOIon, "a small canUe, 
or eomer-piece ; a scantling," Ac, Ootgr.-^The origin 
is Teat kaaUj a comer ; a word of Tery great anti- 

OANTON, f. An angle, or eomer. — Fr. Id., "a comer, 
or crosse way, In a street,** Gotgr. 

OANTBAIP, OianuF, «. 1. A charm, a ^eU, an in- 
cantstion, 8. Samtaf. 2. A trick, a piece of mis- 
chief artf ally or adroitly performed, 8. WaverUy.-^ 
IsL 0011, gandf wltehcrsft, «r kiaem, applied to magi- 
cal arts, and trapp, calcatio. 

OANTBIP-TIMS, 4. The season for pnetlsing magical 

OANT-BOBIN, «. The Owaif Dog-voae, with a white 
flower, Fife. 

0ANT-8PAB, s. Bzpl. flre-pole. Bata, 

CANWATIS,«. OtoTas. Abtrd,Be§. 

To OANTBL, «. n. To Jolt; applied to any d^eet 
whatsoerer, Upp. lAnarks. 

Il» OANTXL, V. a. To caose to Jolt ; to pfodnoe a Jolt- 
ing motiork, ibid. 

OANTEL, «. A Jolt ; the act el Jolti^, Ibid. 

OAOLT, «. ** A connexion by fostemge," Hi^ilands 
of 8. ^axon and Cfad. — OaeL comkallot a foster 
brother or sister ; oosiAattas, fosterage ; from oosiA, 
eqaivalent to Lat. om, and oU, narsing ; q. nursed 
together. Al signifies nartore, food. ImL eon, and 
and al-tre, to nourish, woold seem n gire the 

To CAP, V. n. To nncorer the:head, in token of 
obeisance ; q. to take off one's cap. Ba^Uis. 

GAP, GuTou*, Gaftd', ff. The fborth part of a peck ; 
as, " a oop/U' o* meal, salt,"^. Qydes., 8. A. For- 
pet and Lippie^ syn. 

GAP, «. A wooden bowl for containing meat or drink, 
8. Rammy.-^a. B. kcppa, cjathas^ Arab, tefr, a 
cap. Hence, perhaps, 

GAPS. i. pi. The combs of wild bees, fl. 

To Kiss Caps wC one. To drink oat of the same ressel 
with one ; as, *' I wadna Mm cai» wT sic a fsllow," 8. 

GAP-OUT. To drink oap-cwl, in drinking to leare 
nothing in the Teasel, 8. Rob Boiy, T. Gopoirr. 

Glsih-oap-out, drinking deep, 8. Pitihm. 

To GAP8TRIDB, v. a. To drink in place of another, 
to whom it belongs, when the Tessel is going roond a 
company, 8. — B. cap and ttride. 

To GAP, V. a. To excel. Loth.— Teat, kappe^ the 

To CAP, V. a. To direct one's coarse at sea. JHmo- 
leu. —Teat, leape, signum litorale. 

To GAP, V. a. 1. To seise by Tiolence, to lay hold of 
what is not one's own, 8. 2. To seise vessels in a 
prlTateering way. FomUainkaXl. 8. To entmp, to 
ensnare. K. Ja. F/.— Lat. eap-ere, 8a. O. kipp-a, 

GAPEB, «. 1. A captor, or one who takes a prise. 2. 
A Tessel employed as a prlTateer. — Belg. 8a. G. Dan. 
IwjMre, a pirate. 

GAP-AUBBT, «. A press or capbcard, probably for 
holding wooden Tessels used at meals. Spaldimff. 
T. Aucsaii. 

OAPSB, KAPn, t. A pleoe of oa(-«ake and bottoiv 
with a slice of cheese on it, Perths. CkM-Albin. — 
Gael, eeapaire, id. 

GAPXBGAILTB, GAPnoALrajisn, t. The moontain 
cock, Tetrao arogallas, Linn. 8. Bettenden.—Gtee'L 
eopMUeeoftUe, id. Perhaps fkvm Gael, coftor, a 
branch, and oootocfc, aoodc, i. e., a code of the branches. 

GAPBBNOITEDNBSa, «. Obstinaoy; perrerslty. J>r. 

GAPBBNOITIB, GAPmrotTin, a4f. Grsbbed ; Irri- 
tsble ; pecTish, 8. Hamilton. — ^IsL kappe^ certamon, 
and »y<<<i, nU, q. "one who InTites strife." 

€APBBNOITIB, «. Neddie, 8.— Perhaps q. the seat 
of peerish homoor. 

GAPIBOILIX, t. Heath peas, Orobostaberosas, Linn., 
Glydes. The Knapparts of Heams, and Carmelc, or 
GormyKs of the Highlands. 

GAPEB0NI8H, o^;. Oeod ; excellent ; generaUy ap- 
plied to edibles, Lanarks., Bdinr.— Teat, keper-en 
signifies to do er make a thing according to role; 
from kqpetf norma. Bat probably it was originally 
applied to what was showy or elegant ; from Pr. 
dkajwron, 0. Fr. ooperon, a hood worn in high dress, 
or on solemn occasions. 

jGAPBS, ff. pi. I. The grains of com to which the bask 
continaes to adhere after thrashing, and which appear 
nppermost in riddling. Loth. 2. The grain which is 
not saflldently groand ; especially where the shell 
remains with part of the grain. Loth. 8. Flakes of 
meal which come from the mill, when the grain has 
not been thoroaghly dried, 8. B. Morieon. 

GAPB4TANB, s. 1. The cope-stone. 2. Metsphori- 
cally, a remediless calamity. Burnt. 

GAPIDOGS, Gaptdous t. Aberd. JSe^.— Teat, kappe, 
a hood, (Belg. kapie, a little hood.) and docs-en, 
vestire daplidbas ; q. "a staffed hood" or "cap" r 
In Alierd., a a^ generally that of a boy, as, for 
example, what is cslled "a hairy cap," still recelTes 
the name of Copie-doMie. 

GAPIS-HOLB, ff. A game at tow, In which a hole k 
made in the grwmd, and a certain line drawn, called 
a ^amdt behind which the players most take their 
stations. The object is, at this distance, to throw 
the bowl into the hol^. He who does this most 
fteqnently wins the game. It Is now more generally 
called Me HoU, Loth. ; bat the old designation isflot 
yet qaito extinct In Angus It is played with three 
holes at equal distances, V. Ktpb. 

GAPTL, Gapol, ff. AhoTMormare. Z^oMfflos.— Gael. 
cojNiU ; Ir. fcoMol ; G. B. ktffjfl ; Hisp. oaeoUo, id. 

CAPILMUTE, GABA1.MDTB, Gattslmotx, ff. The legal 
form or action by which the lawful owner of cattle 
that haTO strayed,or been carried off, psoTes his right 
to them, and obtains restoration. 

OAPITANE, ff. Oaptlon ; captiyity. Bdlendm. 

GAPITANE,ff. Oaptain,jrr. AcUCka.1. 

GAPITB BEEN, a kind of cloak or mantle, as would 
seem, with a amall hood.— Fr. oajMtte, ** a little hood ; 
beme, a kind of Moorish garment, or sodi a mantle 
which Irish gentlewomen weare ;" Gotgr. 

GAPLETNE, ff. ''A steylle eopMne," a amall helmet. 
Wattaee. — Germ. ka^Mn, fromitoepe, tegumentum 

GAP-NEB, ff. The iron used to fence the toe of a 
shoe ; synon. Neb-Capf Sttr. For., <. e., a eop for Uie 
ned or point. 

GAPPSE, ff. Apparently cap-bearer ; a person in the 
list of the King's household serranto. PiteeoUie. 
Oopperia, Y. Goppul 




APPIB, «. A ipUtor, If Mnii.^TraB eofpe, tlie latter 
part of Che A. fl. naiDe, (¥. AUereap ;) or perhaps 
from iti rapacloiii mode of liring, from €hiper, a 
pixste, or Capper t 9., to eeiae. 

7e OAPPEIl, V. «. 1. To eeiae fhipe ; to go arprlTa* 
teering, Ang. 2. To oateh, to lelae, Tiolently to ]»y 
h<rid of ; lued in a general aenaei Ang.— Dan. kaprtj 
to ezerolae pliaej. 

OAPPIS, Gap^Alb, f. A kind of drink betireen table- 
beer and ale, formerij In much reqalsition ; ao temed 
becaoM it waa drunk oat of caps or quaieht, 

C AFFIX,*. Aff.Smr.akH. Meaning onknovn. Kedgef 

To CAPFILOW, V. a. To diatanee another in reaping. 
One who gets a ooniiderable waj before hia eom- 
pan'ona on a ridge, la lald to eappUow them ; Boxb. 
— Thifl term wooid leem to be toftened from Dan. 
kaplocb-er, to run with emnlation, to strive, to eon- 
teat in speed ; faipIoc6, competition, a contest in 

CAPPIT, adj. Grabbed ; iU-humoured ; peevish, 6. 
FkUotu».-^hl. kapp, contention, or Flandr. teRpe, 
a spider ; as we call an ill-humoured person an ettcr- 

CAFBAYXN, t. Perhapa oorr. from Tent, ka^ppniffn ; 
Belg. ftoproai, a hood ; IsL ftopruyn, cncnUns, ca- 
putiom cum coUarL 

OAFBEL, •. 4 caper, as In dancing, i^ilwarf.— Pr. 
eaprioUy Id. 

GAPBOWST, t. A short cloak furnished with a hood. 
Evergreen.— 'fr. eappe*n>s<», a red coloured cloak. 

GAPTAIN, i. A name given to the Gay Gurnard, on 
the Virth of Forth.—** Trigla Owmarduet Orownsr. 
—It is known by a variety ^ o^«r names, as Cap- 
tain, Hardkead,** Ac. NeiU's list of Pishes. ▼. 

OAPTION. f . The obtaining of anything that is vain- 
able or serviceable ; a lucky acquisition ; AbenL— 
I* B. eapliCf synon. with Priaa ; Du Gauge. 

G APTIUXB, t. A captor, one who leads into captivity. 
I^irba an Revelationt- 

•CAPTIVITY, a. Waste, destruction ; as, *' ItTs a' 
c^ane to oapiivUjf," Bozb. 

GAFUL, «. A horse. Y. Oaptl. 

GAFUSCHE, «. Apparently, a woman's hood. Aberd. 
Beg.— Vrom Pr. cajwce, E. capouck, a Monk's hood ; 
wtienee the designation of Capnckin friars. 

GAB, Gaab, s. a sledge ; a hurdle, 8. TTaUaoe.— Ir. 
oorr, id. Oalves, Meama. V. Gauu. 

CAB, the initial syllable of many names of places in 
the West and South of S., aa Car-etaire, Cor^mJclbaet, 
Car4ulee, Car4averock, Ac, signifying a fortified 
place.— G. B. ooer, signified a city, one of that de- 
scription which was known in early times ; a castle, 
a fort, or place surrounded with a wall, pallisades, or 
a rampart Gael, catkair, a city, must be viewed as 
the same word, pronounced q. eafr. 

GAB, an insepaiable particle, forming the first syllable 
of nmny words in the 8. langusge.— According to 
Wachter, Kar is a verbal noun, formed from ker-en, 
verter«, signifying the act of taming «r tossing. Y. 


GAB, Kbb, adj. 1. Left, applied to the hand, 8. S. 

Sinister, fistal.— " Toull go a cor gate yet ;" given as 

equivalent to " Toull go a gray gate yet ;" & Prov. 

« Both these signify you will come to an ill end," 

CAB-HANDIT, adj. 1. Left-handed, 8 2. Awkward, 

GaUoway. Y. Ku. 

OABrSHAM-TB, Infer;^. An exdamatton oaed In the 
game eilSkiniie, when one of the antagonists itrikes 
the ball with the dub in his left hand, Kinraos. 

GABAPF, e. A decanter for hokling water, 8., a word 
which does not seem to be used in K.— Pr. careifi, id. 

GABAGB, t. Y. Anian. 

GABALYNGI8, «.!){. Dandng. flbidafe.— Pr. cwvB- 
er, to dance, to revet 

GABAMXILB,!. An edible root. Y. CiBlf bls. 

GABAYAN, f. 1. A covered travelling cait witfaoat 
q>ringB, 8. 2. 8odi a waggon aa is used for trans- 
porting wild beasts, 8. 

3b GABB, Gabblc, v. n. To cavil, Aberd. Cart might 
appear to be merely a oorr. of the E. cetrp, id. 
But IsL Itorp-o, signifies ebgannire^ and kwrpt oon- 

GABB, G^aABia, e. A nnr-boned loquadons woman, 
Upp. Olydes.— G. B. corNsI, signifies domsy, awk- 
ward, and 0017, a reggamnffin. 

To GABBSBBT, «. m. To wiangle, to argue perversely ; 
communicated aa a Qarioch word. 

GABBIN, Gaib&ut, Giarn, t. The basking sharik. 
Squalns maximus, Linn. Y. 8AiL-nsB. 

GABGAT, Gakkat, Gaesr, Gmcurr, e. 1. A neckbue ; 
B. earcanet. Maitkmd Poewu. 2. A pendant om** 
ment of the head. fTotion's Coll. a. A garland d 
flowers worn as a necklace, 8. DiadpUne. 

2V» GABCEIB, «. a. To imprison.— L. B. coroer-ore, 
in caroerem conjloere ; Du Gauge. 

GABGUDEUGII, w^. Inthnate, GLP&eken, Ayrs. Y. 


To GABD. 9. a. To reprehend sharply ; To gU one a 
txurding, id. Perths. Perhaps fh>m the use of oordr In 
teasing, or flrom eaird a tinker, used also for a scold. 

GABDINAL, «. A long dcak, or mantle, worn by 
women, 8. StaUet. An. Perhaps so named, as it 
was originally scariet, fh>m the dress worn by the 
Gardtnals of Bome. 

To GABDOW, GCEDOW, v. a. To botch, to mend, to 
patch, as a tailor, Tweedd. 

GABDOWBB, s. A botcher or mender of old clothes, 
Ayrs. Y. Cubooo. 

GABDUI, t. A Bpedes of trout in Lochleven, ap- 
parentiy the okor.— It la round-shouldered ; the most 
beautiful in colour of all the trout spedes in our 
waters ; without scales ; dark olive on the back ; the 
sides spotted ; the belly a livid red ; and tiie under- 
flns of a beautifui crimson edged with a snow white. 
It is a rare fish. 

To GABB, V. a. To rake, Ac. Y. Caib. 

* To GABE, V. a. To regard, to care for. Piteoottie. 

* To GABB, V. n. Always accompanied with the 
n^tative ; as, "I dinna core to gang wi' you a bit," 
I have no objection to go, Ac. "He wadna [hae] 
cored to hae straeken me," he seemed disposed to 
have done so, 8. jSMnner.— It has been supposed 
that the «. as thus used, signifies ' * not to be inclined." 
But I apprehend that it merely signifies that it wodd 
cause no core, pain, or regret to the person to go, to 
strike, Ao. 

2bGABEby,«.n. 5ftecar'(lna6y, she took no Interest, 
she was totally indilferent, 8. JPkken. 

To GABE, V. a. To drive. Y. Gaib. 

GABS-BED LAIB. A dlsconsofaite situation ; a dck- 
bed ; q. Ifing in the 5eti of core," 8. B. Soet. 

GABE'S MY 0A8E, woeful is my plight, Aberd. 

GABBCAKB, Oa»>oabb, Kbboaix, t. A small cake, 
baked with eggs, and eaten on Fadem'e 4tm in dif- 
ferent parts of 8. Y. Sxaib-skob. 




BiooD-KiBa&u, «. A coT'Odke, aade oT blood and 

ofttmeal, aod preparad in a frjiag-pMi. Hoog. 
OASI BONDAT, Gab Soxsat. Aoeofdinff to 
Uttt immodiately praeadlng Good JHdMj, bafc 
nUf used to rignUy tbo flilli In Lent, B. BeUcndeii. 
— Oena. Iput, itlrfMttlo, Dram tanvcM, lwr-e», omen- 
dtra; or 811. 0. iMMr^i, to oomplain. T. Oablxhqs. 
OASf , I. A eat In tiabor, for odipittipg another piece 
of wood, or any other aobstanee, Domfjr. — ^A. 8. 
eetvf-am, seoare, whenoe B. to carve; Tent, kerf, 
cmt, tnelsiinu 
To OABFUDDLB, v. a. To dleeompoee; to minple, 

fltnUhnore. Qyn. C¥tfiiffi€. 
T9 OASFUFFLE, e. a. To diaoider; to tumble; to 

craue. Y. CuBFurvLa 
CASFUfFU^ QmruwfiM, «. TvBmonr; agitation, 

Sooth of 8. ^nli^Mdry 
2b CABFUMI8H, OuaruingB, «. a. 1. To difftaBe a 
Teiy bad imeU, Fife. 2. To o f ei powe r bj meana of 
a bad anell, ibid. Faneomfit wjvMa. 
OABOX. To carge, in charge, in prwMirioa Wattmot, 

—0. Fr. eorviMr, naed aa ekanfer. 
CABTARB, i. A conveyer ; one who remofes a thing 
fton one place to another bj legerdemaln.->Vr. 
eiari-«r, to cany. 
CABTBALD, «. MaUkmd Ptaait.— Perhapa fton Vr. 

doraeel, eloraMOii, a beetle. 
CABDS,a<^. Soft; pliable. Kkly, 
CABIN', oc^. or part, pr. Gaoalng pain or care. 

CABK, s, A load, a harden. Ad. AudU,^Wnm 

Ital. oare-o, a load, Ac 
OABKIN, part. pr. Scratching , or rather, gating.— 
A. & ceoro-^cHft, eiepllare ; also atrideie, *' to csaeh 
•r gnadi ; to creak ; to make a noiie ; to charke." 
T. Ch»k. 

OABKININa,t. A collar. ^oMlote. T.OimaiT. 

CARL, GuBLB, Oablb, Cabu., t. 1, A man. It la 

oaed in this general senee, 8. B. Thoa they not only 

aay, " A Mg oari," bat '* a little earl," " a rich carl." 

A. Bor. Id.— A. 8. carl ; lel. karl ; O. TeaL kaerla, 

maicalaa. 2. Man aa diatlngnished lh»i a boy. 

WpfUown. 8. A clown ; a boor, 8. A. Bor. Wyn- 

toioii.— A. 8. O0orl ; III. kari ; Belg. Jbaerle, rostlcaa. 

4. One who has the mannen of a boor. Kdlf. 6. 

A strong man. ITaUace.— Genn. ierl, fortis, eor- 

pore robosto pmeditos. S. An old man, 8. A. Bor. 

ITyitCown.— 8a. O. laL harlj id. 

CABL-CAT, f . A male eat The feaaale cat is called 

*' A wketanrcalt,** mom properiy a QiMan-eat. 
CABI/D, part. pa. Prorlded with aamle ; applied to 
a hot Uteh, Boad>. — A. 8. osori-ioii, naptom dari, 
"to be given in maniage; to take a hosband," 

To CAKL-AOAIN, «. n. To resist ; synon. to he oam- 
Hairp ; to give a Bowland for an OUrer, Ylfe. 

CABIf-AG AIN. To ptag Oirf-atfaiM, to retam ablow ; 
to giro as moch aa one leeeires, Ang. 

CAJU* mad GATBL. A proTerbial phrase for hoaest 

or ail wlthoot distlnetloB. V. 

CA&I^«»,«V. Ohoriish. v. Caauaa. 
CAJUL^BAB, $. The male of the Black-clawed ciab, 

Cancer pagans, linn. 8. SttMUL. 
CARI^DODDIB, $. A stalk of rib-graas, that bears 

tl&ellower,8. Flantsgolanoeolata, Unn. DoddU^ bald. 
CAJUL-HlBliP, 9. The laigest stalk of hemp, & A. 

Bor. ; that hemp whieh bean the seed, CH. Grose, 
a. Used metaph. to denote firmness of mind. Barm, | 

GABUB, f . 1. A little man ; a dimin. from eoii, 8. 
CUUimd. 2. A term often applied to a boy who has 
the appearance or manners of a little old man. Oalt. 

CABUN, Gabuxo, «. 1. An old woman, 8. PkUottu. 
2. A contemptuoos tonn for a woman, although not 
tax adTanced in life, 8. JkmgUu. 8. A witch. Loth. 
Tweedd. Penneeuik. 4. The last handfol of oora 
cot down in hanrest-fleld, when it is not shorn before 
HaUowraas, & B. If before this, it is called the 
ifaidm.— So. G. kaerinf, kaeriing, anas. 

CABLIN-HBATHBB, t. Fine-leaTed heath, Biica 
cinerea, Unn., 8. ; also called BeU-koatker. 

0ABLIN-8UNDAT, t. That preceding Palm-Sunday, 
or the second Sunday firom Bastor, 8. 

OABLIN-^UBS, i. pL Needle furse, or pettf whin. 
Genista Anglica, Linn., 8. B. q. ** the spars of an old 

OABLIN-TBUOH, (puU.) a4j. As har4y as an old 
woman, 8 B.-^TcoA, &, tongh. 

CABLING, 9. The name of a fish, Fife. Sopposed to 
be the Pogge, Cottas oataphractus, linn. 

CABLINGS, t. pi. Peas Mvled or broiled, Ang. Ao- 
ooidlng to 8ibb., " pease bzoiled on C^ire-Saaday." 

OABLISH, Oabutoh, o^/. 1. Coarse ; rolgaa 2>kii- 
bar. — A. 8. cssriie, valgaris. 2. Bude ; harsh in 
manners. FoptU. Ball. 

CABL-TANGLB, s. The Uige tangle, or focos, Mearas. 
— Perliaps so tenned from its being covered with 
small pieces of foci, of a gmyish coloor, which give it 
the appeaaaoe of hoariness or age. ▼. Gaiui- 

CABLWIFB or WIFBCABLB, t. A man who inter- 
feres too moeh in household affairs; a cotquean, 
Lanaiks.— From karl, a man, and wife, a woman, as 
used in 8., or peihaps as denoting a hoasewlfe. 

CABMBL^ CiaiiTUB, Cabambil, «. Heath peas, a 
root, 8. Orobns tuberosos, Linn. Penaanl.— Gael, 
oairmeal, id. Y. Kbippabts. 

CABMIUTANIS, ff. pi. The friars properly called 

GABMUDGBLr, jNirf. a4j. Made soft by lightning ; 
applied either to a person or a thing, Ayrs.— From C. 
B. eor-iaw, to bring, or rather cur-aio, to beat, to 
strike^ and medkol, wumqI, soft, wumoI-u, to soften. 

OABNAIL, 04/. Putrid. fTaUaee.— Fr ckaroffiuux, 
putriiled ; fnU of carrion, Cotgr. 

QABNAWIN', CuBHAWiB*, t. A painful sensation of 
hunger, Kinross.— Periiaps from B. core, and the 0. 
to ffnaio; Heart-gnawiag or Seart-hungert q. r. 
Oar, cor, or car, is, however, frequently prefixed to 
words as an intensive particle. V. Cva. 
CABNBLLv «. A heap ; adimin. firom oa<n». BeUeaden. 
CABN-TANGLB, t. The laige, long focus, with roots 
not unlike those of a tree, cast ashore on the beach 
after a storm at sea, Abetd., If earns. 
CABNWATH-LIKB, o^'. 1. Having the appeamnoe 
of wildness or awkwardness, 8. 2. Applied to what 
is distorted, 8. ; synon. tkrawa. An oti||ect is said 
to lie very Ckaw»atk4ike, when it ia out of the pro- 
per line. 
CABOIfBWTN, t. The name given in Perths. to the 
last night of the year ; because young people go from 
door to door singing carols, for which they get small 
cakes in return. 
To GABP, Oabfb, v. a. 1. To speak ; to talk ; to re- 
late, whether veibally, or in writing. Wyntown. 

O. B. id. P. Ploagkwta n . 2. To atng. Min$trd$jf 

Bordtr.'^lMlL. carpero, to call. 




OARPINCt, «. trnmtion, 0. B. id. Y. the «. 

OABRALLBS, «. p{. Carols, or songs, sung within and 
about kiilcs on certain days ; prohibited bj act of 
Parliament. AeU Ja. VI. V. Oakaltkoib and 

GARRBL, t. " Carrdt^ the peece, oonteinlng 15 eines, 
tUJ. 1." Bates, A. 1611. 

OARBT, f . The bulk or weight of a burden, q. that 
wliich is earriedj Aberd. 

GABBT, s. 1. A term used to express the motion of 
the clotids beforo the wind, 8. B. 2. Improperly 
used for the flrmament or sky. TcmnahiU, 

GABBIGK, t. 1. The bat of wood driven by dabs, or 
sticks hooked at the lower end, in the game ot Shinties 
Kinross. Pezths. 2. The old name for the game of 
Shinty, Fife ; stUl used in the eastern part of that 
comity. Hence, 

GABBICKIN', f. A meeting among the boys em> 
ployed as kerdt, at Lammas, for playing at Shinty, 
on which occasion they have a feast, ibid. 

GABBUB, f . A two-wheeled barrow. Loth. 

*GABBI£D, Oiaxm, part, pa, 1. Applied to a pei^ 
son whose mind is in so abstracted a state, that he 
cannot attend to what is said to him, or to the busi- 
ness he is himself engaged in, S. 2. In a wayering 
state of mind, not fully possesdng recollection, as the 
effect of ferer, 8. 8. SleTatad in mind, oreijoyed 
at any erent, so as not to seem in full possession of 
one's mental facnlties ; as, " Jenny's gotten an heir- 
scaip left her, and she's Just carryit about it." 
Sometimes, earryit npinfhe air, Bozb. 

GABBIS, t. Flummery, Wigtons. Somsns, or Sweem, 
in other counties. — ^Sridently corr. txom Ckiel. cath- 
bhriih, eathbruUh, id. Shaw. This must be com- 
pounded of oath, pollard, husks, and hruith, boiled ; 
a TCiy accurate description of the dish, q. *' boiled 

GABBITGH, Gakitos, «. 1. The rulgar name for a 
catechism; more commonly in pi., corMcIko, 8. 
Maoopioo. 2. Used somewhat metaph. J^er^ason. 
8. Often used in the sense of reproof. I gae Aim hit 
earriteh, I reprehended him with sererity, Ang. 

GABBTWABBY, t. A kind of burlesque serenade, or 
mock-music, made with pots, ketttes, fiying-pans, 
shouting, screaming, ka„ at or near the doors and 
windows of old people who many a second time ; 
especially of old women and widows who many young 
men, W. Loth. Fife.— Fr. charivari* is used esaetty 
in the same sense. Deriration uncertain. 

* GABBOT, t. Applied, in composition, to the colour 
of the hair, 8. ; as, earrot-head, earrot-pow or poll. 
The English use carroty as an adj. in this sense. 

GABSAGKIE, i. 1. A coarse ooTcring, resembling a 
sheet, worn by workmen oyer their clothes, Fife. 2. 
A bedgown, worn by females, ibid. Oartonih, synon. 
— Either q. eor-flocfc, a tack or ftock used by oarsmen ; 
or more probably eerr. from So. O. kaitjaoba; Teut 
' kasache, a short eloak. 

GABrSADDLE, «. The small saddle put on the back 
of a carriage-horse, for supporting the tramt or shafts 
of the carriage, 8. CfurtacUUe, Upp. Glydes. Herd't 
CoU.— From cor. Ban, karre ; 8u. Q. kaerre, vehi- 
culum, deduced from leoer-a, currum agere; G^m. 
karr-en, vehere ; and taddU. 

GABSATEiS. The woollen stuff called torsey. Aberd. 

GABSB, Kbbss, ff. Low and fertile land, generally 
that which is adjacent to a riyer ; as, The Cane of 
Chwrie, The Caru qf Stirling, Ac., 8. Barbmr.— 

8a. a. kaerr, and IsL kiar, kaer, both signify a 
marsh. Corse is sometimes osed as an adj. ; as carve 
gnmnd$. Lord BaHa. 

GABSTANa, $. The shaft of a cart, Bozb. ; {tram 
tjDon,) ; firom cor, a cart, and sCon^, a pole, q. t. 

GABTAGB, Gaboaqb, «. Apparentiyforcoroost. IhUff. 

GABT-AYBB,!. A oart-horse, «. Y. Avu. 

GABTB, i. A chariot, especially one osed in war.— 
Ghancer, oarte, id. ; Ir. cairt ; 0. B. kertuyn ; A. 8. 
craet, id. 

GABTES, «. pi. The carta, the game of cards, ratiier 
pronounced as ea<rte, 8. PUying cards. Antiquary, 

OABTIL, f. A cart-load, Ang ; perhaps contr. fkom 
cart. Mod JUl or /vU. 

CABTOUSH, ff. A bedgown, strait aboot tiie waist, 
with short sklits, haying their comers roanded off, 
nsembling the iqi>per part of a modem riding-habit, 
Vtfe.— From Fr. court, short, and houM$e, *'a short 
mantle of corse doth (and all of a peece) worae in 
ill weather by countrey women, aboot their head and 
sholdere/* Gotgr. 

GABTUW, ff. A great cannon; a battering piece. 
SpaUUnQ.-'TevL karUmwe, id. 

GABT-PIEGB, ff. A species of oidnance andentiy osed 
in Scotland, apparentiy borne on a caniage or cart. 

GABYET, Giayiss, s. pi. Gonfections in which caia- 
way seeds are enclosed, 8. 

GABUEL, KnYl^ ff. A kind of ship. Anvloff.-— Fr. 
oaraveUe, id. ; Teat kareved; HUp. coraoda ; IsL 

GABYT, GAuyiB, Giayiy, t. Oaraway, 8. 

GABWINGt PBIKI8. Supposed to be skewers. 

GA8AKENE, a. A kind of surtoat — Ital. oasackif^ ; 
O. Fr. eoia^ttin, eamisde, petite casaqae k r usage 
des femmes ; Boquefort. 

GA8GBI8, ff. /nventorieff.— L. B. catmu, is defined by 
Du Gauge, pars yestis mi^or, qua corpus tegitor, 
ezceptis brachiis. 

GA8GHBT, Gjishkt, s. The fau>»»imiU of the Vh^b 
sapencription. Aeti Ja. F/.— From Fr. cachet, a 
seaL This term has the same signification with 
coffcfcet, 8. 

GA8GHIELAWIS, ff. pi. An iostroment of tortare. 
Y. GasPiOAWB. 

GA8E, GAiaa, t. Ghance. Of cate, by chance ; ac- 
cidentally. ActtJa.211. 

GA8EABLE, a^, Natuially bdongiog to a particalar 
sitoation or cue. Baittie. 

GASBMENT8, ff. pi. The name giyen by caipenters in 
8. to the kind of planes called by English tradesmen 
hoUowt and routub. 

GASHHOBNIE, ff. A game, played with clubs, by two 
opposite parties of boys ; the aim of each party being 
to driye a ball into a hole bdonging to their an- 
tagonists, while the latter strain eyeiy nerre to pre- 
yent this, Fife. 

GA8HIE, a^j' 1. Luxuriant and socculefit; spdcen 
of yegetables and the shoots of trees, Upp. Glydes. 
Dumfr.— Isl. koet, congeries ; whence Jbos-o, cumu- 
lare; or, perhaps, rather allied to Isl, kaak-ur, 
strenuus, as radically the same with Hatky, rank, q. 
y. 2. Transferred to animals that grow yery rapidly, 
DumCr. 8. Delicate, not able to endure fatijue, Sel- 
kiifca Dumfr. — This is only a secondary sense of the 
term ; as s u bstances, whether yegetable or animal, 
which shoot up yeiy rapidly and tankly, are destitute 
of yigour. 4. FUooid, slabby; applied to food. 





OABHIX, «^. 1. TftlUtlre, Both. S. rorwftnl, ibid. 
— Thia, I sospeek, is orlginallj the amo with Caltkie, 
To 0A8HLS, Oashil, v. n. To squabble, Meerns. 
OASHUB, ». A squabble ; ft broU.-4a. O. kaat-Ot 

rbuiri ; Tent, kati-tn, stridere. 
OASHMABIBS, «. jrf. Vish-eairlen, or people who 
drtTo fish ftom the ma thioogh the Tillages. — Fr. 
OASPISCAWS, GisPiTAWB, GAsns laws, «. jd. An 
iDstriimentoftortare formerly used iaS. MadauHn'i 
CHm. Catet. — Perhaps from Tout toiiise, imcMe, 
(Fr. dkaiccfe,) a stockloff, and foMio, tepidos, q. *' the 
warm hoie." 

2^ CA8S» V. a. To make Told ; toannnl. AeU Jo, IV, 

Fr. aut-«r. id. ; L. & ooit-artf, irritum reddere. 
CASS, ». 1. Chance ; aocideot, 0. S. id. TTaOaee. 
2. Work ; business, ^ar&ow. — Fr. eof, matter, 
fact, deed. 

CASaSDONX, t. Chalcedony, a predons stone.—L. B. 
conidon-lnaa, mnrrha, qwdes lapidis pretiori ; Call. 

CASSIS, Cazui, «. 1. A sort of basket Bude of straw, 
which may contain a Ml of meal, S. B. Brand. It 
is also written ooeie. % Used in Orkney instead of a 
com riddle ; or made like a 6e«-clkq9, and osed for 
carrying peats. SUttiii, itoe.— Teat. Jhuie, capia, 
elsta ; Fr. ome ; Ital. eossa ; L. B. ahso, id. ; 8a. G. 
leacie, reticulum, in quo pieces portantur, Jec. 

CASSIN, part, pa. Defeated; routed. Baiendea,— 
Fr. oon-er, to break ; to crush. 

OAST, «. 1. A twist; a contortion; uSfHitneckhoM 
OoUen a eoif, or, a wrong ceut, 8. 2. Opportunity ; 
chance, 8. Old MortaXitj/. 8. A turn ; an eyent of 
any kind, 8. Rom. 4. Lot ; fitte. HamiUon. 6. 
Aim ; <rf]|{eet in view. DougUu. 0. Subtle oontrir- 
ance ; wile ; stratagem. Wyntown, 7. Facility in 
perfonning any manual work, such especially as re- 
quires ingenuiQr or expertness, 8. Donglat. 8. Le- 
gerdemain ; sleighfrK>r-hand. Hayiate, 0. The dfect 
of ingenuity, as manifested in lltemry works. Jhug- 
ku. 10. A coMt of oik's hand, occasional aid, such 
as is giren to another by one passing by, in perform- 
ing a work that exceeds one's strength. 11. Applied 
to the mind ; " He wanii a oust,** eald of one who is 
supposed to have some degree of mental defect, or 
weakneis of intelleoL— C. B. eoil signilles a trick, 
techna ; 8u. O. ikoit, modus ageodl. 

OAST, t. 1. A district ; a tract of country, 8. 2. That 
particular couise in which one txafela, S. Bot$. 

OAST, fl. A caA of herrings, haddocks, oysters, Ac., 
four in number, 8.— So. O. hiuira, to cast, to throw. 
IPtt hojA tiUf quatemlo halecum. 

lb CAST, V. a. To use ; to propose ; to bring forth. 
** To eul essonyies," LLS., to exhibit excuses.— 
Su. O. hatt-a, mittere. 

lb CAST, 0. a. To elect fkom the stomach, 8. B. JTeesf, 
preL Jbttt, To cast np^ B. 

To CAST, «. a. Applied to eggs. 1. To beat them np 
for pudding, Ac., 8. 2. To drop them for the pur* 
pose of dlTlnation ; a common prsctice at Hallowe'en, 

lb CAST, «. a. To give a ooat of Itmo or plaster, 8. ; 
prat i^eil.— The «. Is often used in this sense by it- 
self. A house is said to be ead or rout^'Catt, 8. 
This use of the term obTioudy refers to the mode of 
laying on the Ume^ i. s. by tknming it from the 

fb CAST, «. n. To swarm ; applied to bees, 8.— Al- 
thoqgh used llks B. swarm, as a «i »., it must hare 

been orlginaUy acttTO, q. to send forth ; to throw offa 
swarm ; from Su. O. Iwd-o, Jacere, mittere. 

CASTING, t. The act of swannlng, as applied to bees ; 
aa, ** The bees are Juist at the cattin\'* 8. — '* Before 
I go on to adTise yuu about the swarming or catting 
of your bees, I shall here say a word ot two concern- 
ing the entries and oorers of hlTcs," MaanodVt Bu- 

To CAST a clod betwem penont, to widen the breach 
between them, 8. B. Bou. 

To CAST a itone at one, to renounce all connexion with 
one, 8. 

To CAST COT, V. n. To qnamd, 8. Bamtaf. 

To CAST vp, V. a. To throw any thing in one's teeth ; 
to upbraid one with a thing, 8. JSOsr. 

To CAST UF, 9. a. 1. To throw up a scum ; particiilariy 
applied to milk, when the cream is separated on the 
top, & 2. To realgn ; to give up with ; to discon- 
tinue ; X. to throw yp. Spalding.— Bw. kaat-a «p ; 
Dan. opkatt-ert to throw np. 

To CAST vp, V. n. 1. To occur ; to come in one's way 
accidentally ; pret eoott upt 8. Saaeon and OaA. 
This idiom has, perhaps, been borrowed fkom the 
pmetioe of casting or tossing up a piece of coin, when 
it is meant to refer any thing to chance. 2. To be 
found ; to appear, although presently out of the way. 
It most generally denotes an accidental reappearance^ 
or the dlacoreiy of a thing when it is not immediately 
sought for, 8. 

To CAST ur, o. n. The clouds are said to out ifp^ or 
to be coffin^ «j>, when they rise from the horison, so 
aa to threaten lain, 8. T. Ufcastivo. 

To CASH WoBM, to quarrel, 8. B. TTyniOMm.— Su. G. 
ordkattat toquarreL 

To CAST, V. n. To dear ; osed to denote the appear- 
ance of the sky when day begins to break, S. B.— The 
sky now eostt, an' the birds begin to sing. 

It's OiSTiJi' up. The sky is beginning to dear, after 
rain, or yeiy louring weather, 8. 

Tb CAST, 9. n. To warp ; to ahriyel, 8.— "The larix 
is liable to oattf aa we call it, or to warp, after baring 
been iiawn into deals." Agr. Swn. StirL 

To CAST AT, V. a. To spurn ; to contemn. — IsL atkait, 
insultatio, detrectatio. 

To CAST Catcls. To cast lots. Y. Catsl, sense 2. 

To CAST Catill bi Son oa Somaogw. To cast lots 
for determining whether, in the dlTidon of lends, the 
person diTiding is to begin on the sunny, or on the 
riuuled ride of the land^ 8. BaHfow. 

To OASt OoDwr. To make account of ; to care for; to 
regard, Aberd. 

To CAST A Drob. To make a dltdi ; to cast a trench. 

To CAST GuDB. To throw goods orerinwrd, for 
lightening a ship. Balfaw. 

To CAST III on one. To subjMt one to some calunlty, 
by the supposed influence of witchcmft, 8. Y. Ill, s. 

To CAST orm, «. a. To open suddenly, S. Spald- 

To CAST Pbatb, or Tuan. To dig them bj means oC 
a spade, 8. Spalding, 

To CAST A Staok. When a stadc of grain b^ns to 
heat, it is oostefi, or turned orer, in order to its l>eing 
aired and dried, 8. 

CAST-BYB, c. What is thrown aside as nnserrioeable ; 
a castaway, South of 8. Heart Mid-Lotk. 

CAST BWB, Cast Yow. One not fit for breeding ; the 
same with DnmdU Swe, q. t. Boxb. 

CAST-OUT, s. A qnarrd, 8. ; tyn, Oafeosf . 





OASTLBMAN, f . A Qutelkia ; the «MitttU« of a 
aCMle. Bo^/bMr.— I«t. cwfftfrati'W, eutUa dtitri, 
Dd Cftoce. Skene nnders it C k uttXt alk t ; to Um 
iDAiSent, "Kdpftr of the Klngta OMteU." 

CA8TBLWABT, f. The kee|^ef t wrtle. ITynteMt. 

0A8TINOOF THB HBABT. A Mode of dlTi&Atkm 
oeed in Oikn. — " They hare % charm also whefeby 
fhej try if penone be In a decay or not, and if Ihey 
wiU die thereof, which they eaU OsfMiv c/MelTeari." 
Brandt Orkn. 

OASTING HOIS. " Ane pair of coding hoit," Abtrd. 
lUg.^Vr. cattaignt eheatnnt oolonred. 

CASTtNOS, t. 111. Old dothee ; etui dothea ; the per- 
qoisi^ of a none or waiting^niald, 8. Bom. 

CASTOCK, Gastaok, Ontroo, «. 1. The core or ptth of 
a stalk of cdtewort or cebbage ; often fca aftw ea d c, 8. 
Jo»maiL&^d. — ^2. The ■telni or foote themeelvw. 

**TlMn'fe4mvUkBlll]i JLbcnlMii. 

- iinr ^ " ■■ 

' Belg. hee$tt medoUai cor. matrix aitorlei the 

CAT, t. A small bit of ngi rotted op and pot between 
the handle of a pot and the hook which ■upendi it 
orer the fire, to salae It a little, Bozb. 

CAT, f . A handful of straw, with or without com «pon 
1% or of reaped gmin, laid on the ffreond by the 
reaper without being pot into a sheaf, Boxb. Dnmfr. 
— Perhaps from the Belg. word kaU-tn, to throw, ttie 
4iajidfd ef com being east on the ground ; whence 
Tkat a small anchor. 

CAT, «. The name given to a bit of wood, a bom, or 
any thiri^ which Is stroek in ^aoe of a ball in certain 
games. Y. HouriB-BOLU. 

CAT, t. for many rldic«loiM toperstitlona r^aiding 
this animal, see the Bopp. to Diet 

CAT AKO CLAY, the materials of Which a mod-wall is 
oonstrocted in many parts of 8. Straw and clay are 
well wrought together, and being fomied into pretty 
large rolls, are laid between the different wooden posts 
by means of which the wall is fbrmed, and cNrefolly 
pressed down so as to Incorporate with each other, 
or with the twigs that are sometimes plaited from 
one post fb another, 8. 

To CAT a Chimney, to enclose a Tent by the process 
, called Cat and Clay, Teviotd. 

CAT aAd dog*, the name of an anctont sporty 8.— It 
seems to be an early form of CHekei. 

CATBAND, s. 1. The name giv«n to the strong hook 
used on the inside of a door or gate, which, being 
fixed to the wall, keeps it shut. Act SetU. 3. A chain 
drawn'acress a street, for defence In time of war.— 
Oerm. kiette, a chain, and band. 

OAT-BBDS, t. pi. The name of a game played by yenng 
people, Perths. 

CATCHBOGUB, t. dearers or goosegmm ; an herb 
generally grof^ng in hedges, and adhering to the 
dotMes of those who attempt to break through ihem, 
S. Oalinm aparine, Linn. 

GATTCH-THE-LANa-TlNS. Oatcr-thi-tsx, «. The 
. Dame of a game at cards ; CaUMumMan^ Ayvs. 

CATCHY, adS. Disposed to take the advantage of 
another, 8. ; f^em the E. «. eaiek, 

CATCHIB, adj. "Merry," Jocund; 6L Aberd— 8u. 
G. kaeU; Id. teeM, laetltia, laa^r, laetos, Mads, 

CATCHIB, OAtCB-Bimna, t. One of the smallest 
hammers used by «ton«>maaonS| for planing walls, 
' Ac, Boxb.~Tent. fcodss, Ictus, peitusiio. 

CATGLUKB, Oiniru, «. IMdl ; aft heib^ 8. 
oemienlatu, Linn. X^sm^Im.—'* Named from ieaae 
flmdfttl resemblance it has to a ca< (eat*^ or a MHI% 
>bol/* Bodd. San.le<tt»des,acaridawordiilEA; 
8w. kaU-kUr, cat* s daws. 

2b CATB, Car, «. n. To dedre the male or fsmhle ; a 
term strictly applied to cats only. OU«a.^^la. G. 
Jboot, sslaz, lasdms, kOfeU-iat, lasdTira. ▼. Oana, 

lb CATBBt «. ». A term applied to a female eat^ in 
the same sense with Oate ; as, **Tke mtt cai$Hi^" 
pron. q. esiCarffi, nfe.— Id. IPOiMr, huttt, lacias, 
salax. Y. Cats. 

CATBCHIS, «. A oattdilsm. Abp, ffamiUemii, 

• CATBGOBY, f . Used to denote a list, era dam of 
peraona aceosed. Spatdinff. 

CATBB, t. Money, 0. B. ; q. what U taUtai. Skbr- 
r^, Y. Catovx. 

CATBBANB8, KATBnAmH, $. pL Bands of nhbersi 
especially such as came down from the Highlands to 
the low coontiy, and carried off cattle, com, or what- 
erer pteased them, flrom those who were not able to 
make redstanoe, 8. Kaitrinet Kettriti. AM. JUb. 
H.^Ir. eeaihamaekt a soldier ; eeaAarbf a tmopb 

OAT-FISH, Bca-Oat, «. The Sea-wolf, 8. Anartikas 
lupus, linn. 6w. ft<^-ftal, i. e., sea-cat tftttaM. 

OAT-GUT, «. Thread fhcus, or Sea Laoea, Finaa ilmn, 
Linn. Oricn. NeOTs Tow. 

OAT-HABBOW, t. " Tkqf draw Ae Oal-Baitrom ; Uwt 
is, they thwart one another," Loth. Ang. Lywdsay. 

OATHBAD BAND. The name giTOn by minen to a 
coarse iron-etone, Lanartcs.— Can this have a refers 
enoe to 8., CW&ond, as Hndimg the different stmta 
together r 

OAT-HBATHBB, t. A finer spedes of heath, tow and 
dender, growing more in sepamto upright eldk« than 
the common heath, and flowering only at tka top, 

OATHBIrNAIL^ t. The naO by whkh the toeiy id a 
cart is fttstened to the axle-tree, Fife. 

OAT-HOLB, s. 1. ThenameglTentotheloep-hotasor 
narrow openings in the waUsof a bam, 8. fi. A vert 
of niche in the wall of a bam, in which keyt and 
other necessaries are depodted in the Inside^ whire 
it is not perforated, 8. 

OA-THBO', f . A greatdistuibance. Sooth of 8. , Uaaiks. 
Antiquearf. Oao-ikrovgh, tjtioa. Tram the •.OMo, 
to drlre, and thejwtp. througK 

CA'-THBOW, «. A great disturbanoe ; a braU ; a tu- 
mult. Y. imder Call, Ca', v. 

To OA*-THBOW, o. a. To go tlnoi^ any budaess 
with aetiflty and mettle, B. B, 

OAT-HUD, «. The name giren to a huge stone^ which 
serres as a back to a fire on the hearth, in the ho^tae 
of a oottager, DnmAr.— Su. G. jboette denotes a dnall 
cell or apartment, which eoiresponds to the fonn el 
the oountiy fireside ; also a bed ; a pen. JBTtMl might 
aeem allied to Tent, ftwyd-en, conaerraM, as the atone 
ii meant to gnani this endosore fr«m the eflboit of 
the fire. 

OATINB,!. Unexphdned. A chain, a row? i^dmrt. 

OAT F THB HOLB^ t. The name of a game Wtl 
known in fife, and peih^» In other oonntIeB.-^If 
seren boys are to play, dx hdes are made at oertein 
didances. Bach of the dz stands at a hotoi wMh a 
diort stidc In his hand ; the serenth standfe MA iter- 
tain distance, holding a ball. When he gives Ihe 
word, or makes the dgnigreed upon, alltheelxMMd 
ehaage lidee^ eMh running to his nelghbow'B hdei 



Mid pubtfag bis fllclc in fhe hole which he has newlj 
fldaed. In making this change, the boy who has the 
ball tries to pat It into an «mptT hole. If he snooeeds 
in this, the boy who had not liia stick (for the stidc is 
the OaO in the hole to which he had ran. is pot oat, 
and must take the ball. When the Cat is in the 
HoUf it is against the laws of the game to pat the 
baU into it. 

CATYOGLK, $, " Striz Bobo^ (Linn, syst.) Katjfople, 
Great homed owl." Bdmoiutoiurs Zett, V. Katooi^k. 

To OATLILL, -v. a. To tiirnst the finger forcibly ander 
the ear; a bartaroos mode of chastising, Domf^. ; 
syn. with ChiU. 

OATLILLB, «. jrf. Toffie onehU eafUIlt, to ponish him 
in this way, ibid.— Belg. leUei», denotes the glUs of a 
fowl, from (e(, leKe, the lap of the ear. 

C AT-LOUP, t. 1. A Tery short distince as t» space, 8. 
q. as fhr as a ea< may leap. Hftgg. 2. A moment ; 
as, *' I'se be wi' ye in a eoXtoup," i. e., instanUy, *' I 
will be with yon as qvickly as a ea< can leap," 8. V. 

G ATM AW, «. " To tamUe the ttOmam /* to gc topsy- 
tarry, to tomble, 8. B. 

CATOUB, 9. A caterer \ a protlder. IfaUace.— O. 
Teat, kater^ flsoonomos. T. KATomus. 

To CATMBAT, v. n. To contend ; to qaarrel, Boxb. 

GATRICK, fl. A sopposed disease to which the roots 
of the fingers are sal^ect ftom handling cats too fre- 
quently .—It is also beUcTed, in Angas, that if a cat 
that has crossed a dead body afterwards walk over 
the roof of a boose, the head of that house wQl die 
within tiie year. Another soperstition prerails, that 
after baring crossed orer a dead body, the first per- 
son the cat leaps over will become blind. The sop- 
poeed danger, in such circomstaneea, has 1>een traced 
to a laudable design to goard the bodies of ttie dead 
from this camlvoroos animal. V. GATTSft. 

GATBIDGB, Gataocs. Ejcpl. "a dlmlnutire person 
fond of women," 8tnithmofe. 

CAT'S GABRIAGX. The same play that is otherwise 
called the Kinfft Ciukion, q. t., Loth. 

CAT'S CRADLE, s. A plaything for children, made of 
paiAthread on the fingers of one person, and trans- 
ferred from them to Uiose of another, 8. » 

CAT8-HAIB, t. 1. The down that ooTers unfledged 
birds, Fife ; synon. Padiodckair. 2. The down on 
the face of boys, before the beard grows, 8. 8. Ap- 
plied also to the Uiin hair that often grows on ttie 
bodies of penons in bad health, 8. 

CAT-SILLER, s. The mica of mineralogists, 8. ; the 
kataen iHber of the Tolgar in Germany.^Teot. 
kaUen-iilverf amiantns, mica, Tulgoaigentumfeltom ; 

CArS-LUG, i. The name glTen to the Aorictila oral, 
Linn., Boxb. 

CArS-STAIBS, t. A ptoythlng for diUdren, made of 
thread, small cord, or tape, whidi is so disposed by 
the haiids as to lUl down like steps of a stair, Damfir. 

GAT8TANB, s. One of the opri^t stones which sup- 
port a grate, there being one on each side, Roxb. 
Since the introduction of Carron grates, these stona 
are found in kitchens only. The term is said to 
originate from this being the fsTOOrito seat of the cat. 
Y. BAa-sTAVi. 

GATBTANX-HEAD, «. The flat top of the Cat-ttane, 

CAT8TSP8, The prcdeetlons of the stones in the 
slanting part of a gaUe, Boxb. ikTbiO'^tpt sjnon. 

CATS-TAILS, f. pi. Har^a-Tall-Rush, Eriophormn 
▼aginatum, Linn. Meams. ; also called CismMi-doisi*, 
Git- rails, Galloway. 

CATTEN.CLOVER, OAT-n-«LO?>», s. The Lotos, 
South of 8. 8w.lMiCMUor,catfsclaws. ▼. CAniLLsa. 

CATTBE, Cathu, s. 1. Gslanrh. BeUemlen. 2. A 
supposed disease of the fingers from handling cats, 
y. Gatbick. 

CATTERBATCH, t. A broQ, a quarrel, Vlfe. Teat 
kater, a he-cat, and boetot, rendered cavillatfo; q. 
** a cat* s qoarreL" 

To CATTBRBATTER, v. n. To wrangle ; at times fan- 
plying the Idea of good humour, Tweedd. ; eTldently 
from the same origin with the preceding. 

CATTLB-RAIK, t. A common, or extensive pasture, 
where cattle fsed at large, 8.— Vrom eottfe, and rotfc, 
to ra nge. ▼. Raik. 

OATWlVm', adj. Harsbraltted ; oasettled ; q. hayliiag 
the vfitt of a cat, 8. 

C AVABURIV i. A thick lUl of snow, Sketl. 

To CAUCHTr «. a. To cateh, to giaap. Dovglat, — 
Vomedi from the pret. of oalo%. 

To CAVE, Kits, «. a. 1. To poirii, to drive backward 
and forward, 8. 2. To toss. "9V» oave the head," to 
toss it in a haughty or awkwaid way, 6. i^elamd. 

To GAVE oner, «. n. Te-fUl over soddenly, 8. Mel- 

GATE, «. 1. A stroke, a posh, 8. 2. A toss.— Isl. 
akafi; cam impetn, vdwmenter. 

To CATE, V. a. 1. To separate giain from the broken 
straw, after threshing, 8. B. 2. To separate com 
from the diaff, 8. A.— Teat fea«>sii, eventilare 
palMS ; or the v., both as signifying to toss and to 
separate, may be viewed as the same with IsL feeif-a, 
vdatare ; kafa i heya, to toss, ted, or eave hay. 

CAVE, «. A deficiency in understanding, Aberd. — 
Teut. fceye, stultus, in^anus. 

CAVEE, «. A state of commotion, or perturbation of 
mind, Al>erd. ; perlu^ q. Vr. cos «(^, a matter that 
gives or aeqaires activity ; like 8. PaoU. 

CAVEL, Catill, «. A low fellow. 

GAVEL, CAinL, Gavli, Kavsl, Ksvii., t. 1. Expl. 
*'a rod, a p«le, a long staff." Ckr. JCtrlc.— 8u. G. 
kajle, pertlca, baeUlus ; Geim. kenU, a dub. 2. A 
lot, 8. keult 8. A. Hence, '*to castcaveU," to cast 
lote. Cavdt kl. Northumb. Watlaioe. 8. By Rudd. 
eaviUis is not only translated lots, but " reqwnaes of 
oracles." JkmoUu. 4. State appointed, allotment 
in Providence, 8. B. Bo$s. 6. A division or share 
of property, as being originally determined by lot, 8. 
B. LaieCkue. 6. Used to denote a ridge of growing 
com, especially where the custom of rtm-rig is re- 
tained, Perths.— Su. G. Isl. Xm^^ which primarily 
means a rod, is transferred to a lot in geneml ; Tent. 
kavd, a lot, kavet-tn, to cast lote. 

To CAVECL, «. a. To divide by lot, 8. B. Law Can. 

Kavblimo ahd Dxuxo, casting lots and dividing the 
property according as the lot Ihlls ; dividing by lot, 

CAVER, KAVxa, t. [pron. like E. ^ave.] Agende 
breese, a term osed on the western coast of S. ; pro- 
bably Ikom the r. Cove, to drive ; q. one which drives 
a vessel forward in Ite course, or perhaps as including 
the idea of ioitino ; synon. 8amr. 

To CAVIE, V. n. 1. To rear, or prance, as a horse, 
Aberd. Bfeams. 2. To toss the head, or to walk with 
an lUiy and affected step^ ibid. A diminutive from 
Cave, JCeee, «. 

CAVEE, §. 1. A hmcoop, 8. J. Nieol. 2. In former 
times the tower part of the awRrie, or meat-pre«tK 

<j w J * 







««aB thas denominated.— Teat keoUj Id., aTiaiium ; 
Lafc. eaoea. 
K3AYIN, «. A oonrent ; pron. like K. cave. That this 
vas anciently in nae, appears from the name still 
giren to a burial-place In Aberbrothick, the oavin kirk- 
yard, <. e., thechurchyaxd of the oonrent; pron. q. 
Caivin.—O, S. oouent ; Palsgr. 
.OAVINChS, «. p^ The short, broken straw from which 
the grain has been separated Iff means of the barn- 
rake. Loth. y. Gati, v. 

CAUIS, Zd p. ting, falls suddenly over. Douffloi, 
Y, Oavb over, v. 

CATJITS^ «. pi. Apparently, cat-calls.—From S. mmo, 
to calL Henrynne. 

To CAJJht or Gauld, v. a. To caul the bank of a river, 
is to lay a bed of loose stones from the channel of the 
riTer backwards, as far as may be necessary, for de- 
fending the Jand.Against the Inroads of the water, 
a A. 

OAULD, Gadl, t. A iSam-head, 8. A. Lajf LoMt 
Mifutrel.-'Teut. kade^ a small bank. 

CAULD BABK, *' To lie in the oauldbark,*' to be dead, 
8. B. ibw.— Peihaps a corr. of A. S. bemrg, sepul- 
chre ; q. cold grare. 

CAULD-GA8TEN-T0, a4f. Ufeleas.; dull; insipid, 
Abeid. ; pron. Cavl-eas8i9rUe.—Ueitiiih. taken from 
the brewing of beer. If the wort be cauld etuten to 
the barm, ^. e., if the wort be too cold when the yeast 
is put to it, fermentation does not take place, and the 
Uqoor, of course, is rapid. 

CAULD GOAL. Hehoia eauld eoal to Nate at, " He 
is engaged in work that promises no suoceaa," S. 

CAULD COMFORT. 1. Any unpleasant communicar 
tion, especially when something of a different descrip- 
tion has been expected, 8. 2. Inhospitality, Rozb. 
This generally includes the idea of poor entertain- 

CAULD- KAIL-HST-AOAIN, «. 1. Liteially, broth 
warm and serred up the second day, 8. 2. Sometimes 
applied to a sermon preached a second time to the 
same aoditoiy, 8. 3. Used as an adj. in denoting a 
flat or indpid repetition in whaterer way, 8. The 

CAULDLIB, adv. Coldly, 8. 

CAULD-LIKX, adj. Having the appearance of being 
cold, 8. 

CAULDNB8S, t. Coldness, in regard to affection, 8. 
Keitk'i Biit. 

CAULDRIVENBSS, Coldbipbmiss, t. L Susceptibi- 
lity of cold; chUlness, & 2. Coolness, want of 
ardour, 8. BaiUie. 

lal phiase for an ill-stored larder ; as, "He needna 
be sae nice, atweel ; for gif a' tales be true, he's [he 
has] but could roatt and littU aodden [i. c. boUed] at 
hame," Boxb. 

CAULD SEED, Cou>-SaiD. Late peas; opposed to 
Hot seed, early peas. Affr. Surv. Boxb. 

CAULD 8H0UTHSR. To akow the oauld Aouther, 
to appear oold and reserved. South of 8. Anti- 

CAULD STEER. Sour milk and meal ttirred together 
in a cold state, 8. B. Thb phrase in Roxb. is ap- 
plied to oold water and meal mixed together. 

CAULD STRAIK. A oant term for a dram of unmixed, 
or what is called raWt spirituous liquor, Roxb. 

CAULD-WIN', t. Littie enoouiagement ; q. a cold 
wind blowing on one, Clydes. 

CAULD WINTER. The designatton given in Pertfas., 
and, perhaps, in other counties, to the last load of 
com brought in from the field to the bam-yaid. 

CAULER, adj. Cool. Y. Callode. 

CAULKER, f. The hinder part of a horseshoe sharp- 
ened, Ac. T. Cawku. 

CAULMBS. y. Cauiu. 

To GAUM, V. a. To whiten wiOi Castftone, or pipe- 
clay, 8. y. Camstoxb. 

CAUPE, CADns, Cadlpis, CaIiPsu, «. An exaction 
made by a superior, especially by the Head of a clan 
on his tenants and other dependants, for maintenance 
and protection, under the name of a 6enevoIenoe. 
This was generally the best horse, ox, or cow the re- 
tainer had in his possession. Acts Jo, IV.— lA. 
kaup denotes a gift ; Su. O. koep^ dare. 

CAUPONA, Expl. "a saUor's cheer in heaving the 
anchor." Comfiaynt 8. — f r. d «« ooMp, at once, all 

CAURE, i. Calves ; ttie pi. of eaunf, a calf. It is com- 
monly used in the West of 8. Pop. BaU. I am as- 
sured that the word is the same in Norway.— A. 8. 
eaa/ru, id. 

CAUdET, GAU8AT, i. A street, 8. Anwiat.— Tent. 
kauti^e. Id. 1. To Kttp tho (Taiuey, or, the Grown 
<lf the (7att«ey, to appear openly ; to appear with 
credit and respectability ; q. to be under no necessity 
of skulking, or taking obscure alleys, 8. Rutherford. 
% To Tak the Crown qf Ae Carney ^ to appear with 
pride and self-assumnce. BaiUie. 

CAUSEYBR, 9. One who makes a causeway, 8. 

CAUSET-CLOTHES, «. pi. Dress in which one may 
appear in public, S. BaifUe, 

CAUSESr-FACKD, adj. One who may appear in public 
without blushing, or has no reason for shame before 
others. 8. B. 

CAUSEY-TALES, t, pi. Common news ; q. street 
news, .8. 

CAUSET-WEfiS. A person is said to make causey- 
■soete, who neglects his or her work, and is too much 
on tiie street, Aberd. 

CAUTELS, f. WUe, stratagem. AettJa. VI,— Vr. 
couteUe, " a wile, sleight, crafty reach, oousenage," 
Ac Cotgr. 

CAUTION, 4. Security, 8. " Caution is either simple 
and pure, for payment -of sums of m<mey, orperfonn- 
ance of fltcts ; or conditional, depending on certain 
events. .Spottitwood^e MS. vo. Cautio. This tenh 
has been borrowed fh>m oouMo, Id., in the Roman 

To Fixn Cadtioh, to bring forward a snfflolent surety, 
8 , ibid. 

lib Sit CAimov, to give seouri^ ; synon. with the pre- 
ceding phrase. JSpaldino. 

CAUTIONER, «. A surety ; a sponsor, 8., a forensic 
term. Acti Jo, V, 

CAUTIONRY,«. Suretiship, 8. AtU Cha. I. 

To CAW, V. a. To drive, to impel in any.direction ; to 
strike, with the prap. at; to search by traveraiiig : 
as, " ru caw the halU .town for't, or I want It" Y . 
To Caw CUtAet. To spread malldons or injurious re- 
ports, Aberd. ; q. to carry them about from one place 
to another, like one who hawks goods. 
To Caw a Nail. To drive a nail, 8. 
To Caw a NaU to the Head. To drive anythii^ to an 

extremity, 8. Sou. 
To Caw on. To fix or fasten ; as, "To caw on a AoOf" 
to fix a shoe on the foot of a horse. 




ToOaw^uL TtodriTeoQt 1. To Caw the OowiotU & 
a JTaO-yard, 8. **He hM iim the sense tio ea' the 
eowt mat & • toll-yord," tn old proTerb signifying 
that degree of incapacity which nnfits a man for the 
easiest offices of life.** 01. Antiqoary, Ui. 850. 3. 
** JlTo worth the ettwktg wUtf a kaU^ard/' a phrase 
▼eiy eonmonly used to denote any thing that Is of 
no Talue, that is unworthy of any concern, or of the 
slightest exertion In its behalf, B. 8. " / wadna caw 
him em o' My taXe-yanf," a prorerbial phrsse con- 
temptooosly spoken of a Teiy inrfgniflcant person, 
of one of whom no account is made ; in allosion, as 
would seem, to the dilTing of any destmetlTe animal 
out of a kitchen-garden. 

To Caw Sheip. To stagger In walking ; a Tulgar 
phiase used of one who is drunken, and borrowed 
from the necessi^ of following a flock of sheep from 
side to ride, when they are drlTen on a road, Fife. 

To Oaw one's Wa* or Way. "Cdw your loa'," is a 
mlgar phr«se signifying ** more on,** q. drlre away ; 
like Oaimo fomr waat, for " go away," 8. Rou. 

To Caw ontfo Bo9$ to the HM. To snore. Of one who, 
by his morittg, indicates that he is fast asleep. It Is 
nid, " He's tawin his koffi to the Ml," Abeid. 

To CAW AOAIN, «: a. To contiadlct, Aberd. Per- 
haps a kind of seoondaiy sense of Aoiix-oali^ v. to 

CAWAR8KT1INI8; "Lamskynnlsandeaioarifeyfinif" 
Aberd, Reg. Apparently calf skina.— 8n. O. kal/war, 

CAWA WD, part. pa. fistlgned, wearied of any thing 
io di^fus^ Loth.— Perhaps an allusion to the fktigue 
of cattle, when driven far, firom Caw, to driven and 
Jwa; q. driven away. 

CAWF, s. A calf, & Aterd, B«o. 

CAWF-COUNTRT, Ciwr-OBUHD. V. CiLr-cociraT. 

CAWILL^ f. A lot. ▼. Catbl, and to Coutoh bs 

CAWTNO, i. The aeiof drirlng, 8. Aberd. Beg. 

€AWK,«. Chalk, 8. ObkU:, A. Bor. TFoUooe.— A. 
8. eeoJc; Alem. cole ; Dan. Belg. Jbtldfe ; Isl. hoik; 
G. B. odUh ; Lat ools. Id. 

CAWKXB, $. It. The hinder part of a horse's shoe 
pkarpened, and p<rfnted downwards, to prevent the 
horas from sliding on the ice, 8. 2. Metaph. used to 
denote mental acrimony. Ouy Mannering. S. 
Uetaph. a dram; a glass of ardent spirits, 8.— Isli 
fteOr, recurvus, JreOc-a, recnrvi ; as referring to the 

CAWLU, «. A contemptuous name for a man, 8. , 
pron. like B. oovd. CleUaad. 

To CAWMBR, «. a. To quiet, to calm, Upp. Clydes. ; 
synon. with Ckammtr, q. v. 

CA WlfT8, $. A mould. Acta Ja. V. Y. CAUtBS. 

CAZARD, t. Apparently, an emperor, or CsBsar ; as 
the latter is sometimes written Caeer. Cknm. S. Pbet. 

CAZZIB,!. A sort of sack or net made of straw, 8. B. 
— 8w. eosMi, a fish net. T. Camib. 

CAZZIB-CHAIR, a sort of easy chair of straw, plaited 
in the Bumner In which bee-hives or akejxr are made, 

C£A,«. "A small tub." Ol. Svrv. Nairn and Moray. 
Pron. like B. Sea. Thus it is evidently the same 
with Saiyt Saye, q. v. 

CEAN KINNIS, a Oaellc designation, used to denote 
the chief of a clan, Hiidilands of 8. C pron. hard, 
as k. WaioerUy. Oael. ceanM, head, etfne, a race, 
tribe, Ikally ; the nme with A. 8. einn, genus ; Isl. 
Mb, id. 

CEDXIVT, «. 1%e person who executes a deed of resig- 
nation ; a forensic term ; Lat oed-ere. Act* Ja. VI. 
— *' Cedent is he who grants an assignation ; and he 
who receives It is termed Ceasloner or Assigny.** 
^ttlswoode's MS. Law. Diet. 

To GBIR8, Sbbs, v. a. To search. IkmoUu.—Vr. 
durch-er ; Ital. eerc-ore, id. 

OELATIOUNE, s. Concealment. Attt Mory. 

CELDB, Obldbb, c. A chalder, or sixteen bolls of 
8cot8 measure.— L. B. eeUra is used In the same 

To OBLB, v; a. Tb conceal, to keep secret. Balfom'%- 
jftnoc— Fr. ed-er ; Lat od-art, 

GBLIOAiUs aOi- Heavenly ; celestSaL DougUu. 

CELT, ff. 1'. The longitudinal and grooved instrument 
of mixed metal (broaie),4}ften found la 8. The Pirate. 
2. Stone Cdt, the name given to a stone hatchet, 8. 

CBN0BA8TUS, «. A serpent of a greenish colour, 
having its speckled belly covered with ^wts re- 
sembling miUet-seeda. ITolsoiili CbU.— Fr. eeiiKkrit% 
Lat cemknu, id. 

CBN8BMBNT, t. Judgment T. Sbbbbhbbt. 

CEBCIOUB, t. A searcher. " CacitmrU, vesiaris," 
Ac. Aberd. Beg. 

To CBB88, «. a. To search. AeU Jh. /F.— Fr. 

CBRT. For eert, with a certainty ; beyond a doubt 
Fife.— Fr. d 2a certe^ id. V. Gbbtt. 

CEBTAINT, a<^. Coir. fh>m B. certain, the mode of 
pronunciation in the ncnihem counties of 8. Sjpald- 

GEATY, Cbbtib, t. By my eerty, a kind of oath 
equivalent to frothy 8. Saxon and <?ael.— It Is pro- 
bable that Fr. eerfe had been anciently pronounced 

GBBTIONAT, part pa. Certlfled. A forensic term. 
— L. B. certionrarct securnm reddere. 

CE88IONARt Gbbsiobabb^ «. The jwrson to whom an 
assignment of property is legally made ; opi. with 
Attignay. Bai/our, 

GEST, CBSsrr.iirct Seised. ITanaee. 

GH. Words of Ooth. origin, whether 8. or B., be- 
ginning with eft, sounded hard, are to be traced to 
those in the Oerm. or northern languages that have 
k, and in A. 8. e, which«has the same power with k, 

GHACHAND^ pari. pr. CkoiOtand the gait, pursuing 
his course. B^OoUyear, — O. Fr. ckacft-<er, to chase ; 
to pursue. 

2b GH ACK, V. n. To«clack, to make a clinking noise, 
8. Cleland. 

To GHAGK, V. a. 1. Vo cut or bruise any part of the 
body by a sudden stroke ; as when the sash of a win- 
dow falls on the fingers, 8. 2. To Job ; synon. Frob, 
Stab, Dumfr. 8. To give pain in a moral sense, & 
4. To lay holdof anything quickly, so as to give it a 
gash with the teeth, Bttr. For.— B. duOe ; Teat kodb- 
en, k«fc-en, Inerepare ; synon. 8. R. Choi, q. v. 

GHAGK, Gbultt, s. A slight repast, taken hastily, & 
Galt.—Q, a €heck for hunger. 

Fam ilv-Ghack, g. A family dinner, exdndlng the idea 
of ceremonious preparation, 8. Bob Boy. — It is also 
pronounced diedt. 

GHAGK, Gbkck, «. The Wheat^ar, a bird, Orkn. 
Motacllla oenanthe, Linn. Barry. —Neaily the same 
with the last part of iu Oerm. name, ttein oAwaker, 
Y. Stabb-Gbackbb. 

To GHACK, V. n. To check, 8. Hence, 

GHACK-REBL, Gbbok-Rbbl, «. The common reel fbr 
winding yam. It is Oras denominated, because it is 







ooastnietad with « dbedk ; or peilia]M from Mi dack- 
log QoiM, when the quantity of ytn Icgallj required 
for a aU hae been wound on il» 8. 

CHACK (in a rood), s. ▲ nit» the tiaek of awheel, 
Loth. Henpe, 

OHAO&IB, a4j. 1. Unequal ; as, a dkaekie road, a 
road that ia full of rute» or has many ineqoaUties in 
it, Loth. 3. Applied to ground that haa much gnrel 
in It, South of 8. 

CH AOK-A-PUDDINO. $. A aelflsh fellow, who, either 
In eating, or in whr.ABoeTer other way, lays hold of 
any thing that is good, Sttr. for.— Perhaps a oorr. of 
S. Jaek-pudding, 

CHACK ABALLY, f. Appanntly some kind of check- 
ered or irariegated doth. Wotem's CoU, 

CHACKART, Chaokii, t. The stonendiatUr, a bird, 
Bochan. TarrtuTi Poemi. ▼. SrAjn-Ciucaa. 

CHACKX-BLTND-MAN, i. Bllndman'a-bttff. Bp, 
Farba. JodtU-tlimdrmiuii Angus, id. 

CHACKIS-HILL^ «. The death-watch, Angus. T. 


CHACKIT, paH, aif. Chequered, 8. rorrof.— Fr. 


«. The Xxehaquer. il6erdL Jfap. V. 


CHACKLOWRIX, t. Mashed cahbage, mixed with 
bari^-broth, Aberd. 

CHAD, 9. OrsTel, such small stones as fonn the bed 
of a rlTer, & B.— Tent hade, litua, ora. 

CHADDT, o^. OrareUy ; as, cJUuldy grmmd, that 
which chiefly consists of grsTel, 8. 

To CH A'VAUSK, «. n. " To suffer f OL Rom, Ang. 

Tb CHA9V, V. n. To chatter, to be loquacious, Loth. 
— Tent, k^-ta, gannlre, latcare, q. to baifc. 

CHAFFKR, 9. The round-lipped whale, Shetl. " Del- 
phlnns Oraa, (Linn. Syst,) Cka^er-wkaU, Qnmpus." 
Rdmonstone's Zetl., ii. 800. 

To CHAFFLR^ «. n. To ehaffer ar higgle f SaiiU 

CHAFFRIB, t. Refiise, Lanaiks.— This seems fanned 
from X. ekt^et, meichandlae ; firom A. 8. oeajMin, 
Alem. €kaupk-€n, Moes. O. imip-^'aa, to purchase ; 
used in an oUique sense for trifling wares. 

CBAFRON, i. Annov for the head «f a war-hone. 
V. CHSTiaoa. 

CHAFTIS, CMAm, «. pL Chops, 8. A. Bor. du^ftt. 
PeUU to tiU Play.- Sn. O. kioi^ ha^ ; IsL kiafi' 
ut, the Jaw-bone. A. Bor. dkafU, tk^Ut U* Hence 
also B. ekept. 

CHAFT-BLADX, t. The Jaw-bone, 8. 

CHAFT-TALK, ». Talking, prattling, Aberd. ; from 
ekafl, and taik. Poemt Bwkan Dial. 

CHAFTTOOTH, «. A Jaw-tooth, 8. 

CH AIP, f . Purchase ; baigain ; X. ekeap. Aberd. 

To GHAIPB, «. a. To escape. TfoZlace. To ekope or 
tkaip sUU signifies to escape. Upp. Qydes. — Fr. 
e*dkapp-er, Ital. toapp ore, id. 

CHAIPBS, Chapu, «. pA. Price, late, established 
Talne of goods. Aett Jo. /.—A. 8. jrop, price ; from 
eeop-aa, to buy. 

To CHAISTIFIB, «. a. To chastise. BdUnden. 

To OHAK, V. a. To check. Wallace, 

CHAK, «. The act of checking, stop. Y. Chae. 

To CHAK, V. n. 1. To gnash, to snatch at an ol^eet 
with the chops, as a dog does, 8. DouaUit, %. It 
expresses the shaip sound made by any iron sub- 
stance, as the latoh, or eneck, ot a door, when enter- 
ing into iu socket; to dick, B. t. To ekakto, to shut 
with a sharp sound. BeUenden. 

ClIARKR,*. A chess-board. Aberd. Bag. 

CHAKIL, ■. The wrist 


CHALANCB, Cballavob, «. Challenge; exoiftioa 

used in a forensic sense, ^ct Audit, 
CHALANDIUX, t. Probably. tmHaHima of dicing 

birds. BwrtL-^tT. ealamdre, a ^odes of lark. 
CHALDRICK, Chaldbb, t. The name gtven in the 

Orkney Islands to the 8eapie, Hoematapus ostralegas, 

Linn. JSUaUt. Aco.—UL tiaUdur, id.. Pennant's 

CHALFBR, s. Apparently, a chaffem. laecnferiss. 

— Fr. etdnaMff-er, to chafe ; to heat 
CHALLBNOE, «. Removal by death; sumnons to 

the other worid ; as, "He has gotten a haa^ ohaN 

lengt^ i. e., a sudden call, Aberd. 
CHALLENOBABLB, a4|. Liable to be called in 

question, ^df Cfta. /. 
CHALMBR,!. Chamber. DooqIim, 
CHALUXR OF DBI8,CHA]iBxa or DAia L Apariour. 

2. The best l>ed-room. Properly a t#**TiT*— or hall 

hsTing a part of it derated abore the rest, and 

corered with a canopy or doit. Y. CsAintaAasBBS. 
CHALMBR-CHIXLD, «. A Talet of the chamber.— 

"The tnasttier paid Darid Riado, tn April, 1602, 

£15, as dbaZmovekidd, or valet of the chalaaer." 

CkaXment Jfary. Y. Chisl, Chibld. 
CHALMBR-OLSW, «. "Chambering secret wanton- 
ness," OI. Sibb. Y. atsw. 
CHALMXRLANB, «. Chamberialn. AfiMJa.l. 
GHALMXRLANRIB, s. The office of a chamberialn ; 

cluunberialnshlp. AdUJa. VI. 
CHALHILLXTT, s. The stuff called camlet, made of 

silk and wiooL /avrntoriei .— In O. 1. c*amfd, Fr. 

oosiM ; being originally made of the hair of the camel. 
CHALOUS, 8ir Gawan and 8lr Oal. i. 11. Y. Chollb. 
CHAHBBRERB. t. A chamberialn. King^e Qaair. 

Fr. ekambrier, id. 8w. ipamersr. 
CHAMBRAOBBSB, s. 1. A pariour, a name stUI wed 

by some old people^ Fife. Properly, Ckamber of 

dai». 2. 8omettmes, the bed-room.— Fr. olUimdre au 

daii, a chamber with a canopy. Y. Dsis. 
CH AMLANRIB, t. The office of a ohamberIaln.^From 

O. Fr. dUimdlan, a chamberialn. Y. Cbalubblavb. 
CHAMLOTHB, Chamlbt, t. Gamdo^ or camlet— 

From Fr. cibomeo B , a camel ; this cloth being 

originally made of camel's hair. 
2V» CHAMMER, «. a. To quash ; to silenee ; to settle ; 

as, '* If I had heard him, I wad hae duimmer'd his 

talk till him," Roxb. — Tout komm^er-en, manua in- 

Jioere, retinere ; arrestare ; iboswr-eii, in cella con- 

dere, q. to confine ; to restrain. 
To CHAMP, «. a. To chop, to mash, to diew, 8. 

Chomp, Lancash., to cut things small. Godeerqfl.-^ 

Qerm. Belg. taj9><n, id. Or rather from IsL koa^p-a, 

CHAMP, t. A mire ; aa " That's a perfect ekamp,*' 

Tweedd. q. what is trodden down or mashed by the 

feet of animals. 
CHAMP, «. The figure that Is raised on diaper, dik, 

Ac.— Fr. ekamp is applied to work of the same kind ; 

as, chomp d'une taplsaerie ; but the torm, according 

to its primary sense, denotes the area, or field, on 

which the figures in tapestiy are raided. 
CH AMPARTE, i. Fidd-rent ; that portion of the fruIU 

of the soil paid by a tenant to his lord.— Fr. dUimfiar, 

or ekamiNirl, id. 
CnAMPIES, 9, pi. Mashed potetoes, Berwioka 



k • * 





diapered. PaUet </ Jftnenr.-^Teat. lohaaijhen, 
radere, soalpere. 

CHANOSLLAKIS, t. Ghaoeevy. ^tfto Jo. n.-^Wt. 
dkMceterie, Id. JohD80iiOODjeetivesthatlB.eftflMMry, 
has been, "prcrtiaUy, dU m e rfle rift then •horteaed.* 

OHANGSLLOB <tf « /Miy. The foNmaa of it, a 
Heart MidrLoth. 

fb OHANOH, V. a. To chaagt. Aelt Ja. ¥. 

CHANCY, adj. 1. Fortunate, hmppj, 8. Ikmtiat.^ 
Fr. ehameeatim, id. 8. foreboding good fortnne, 8. 
Any person or thing viewed as inaosplclonsi is said 
to be no dumey, 8. This tena is TOiy eonuaonly 
ap^led to one who is supposed to be oonTerawt with 
magieal arts. 3. Safe in a literal tense ; bnt oom- 
monly need with the negative prefixed ; not dhonqr, 
not nSe, dangeroos. Rom. 

CH ANDLBB, Ca^jiLm, s. A candlestick, a Jtontoy. 
— f r. ekandelier, s branch for holding candle% used 
obliqoely. Grose mentions d u nmdUr . 

tem-Jaws ; thin cheek-blades, 8. Skinner. 

CHAMO, 9. Appavtntly, leiteratlon of one thing, 
Abeid. Chirmin* dUtng. iSHaiMr.— This word 
seems to be used in a similar tense with C^umnerin ; 
allied, perhaps, to III. MmiiXb, avinm voi ; erooitns, 
q. " a croaking sound." V. Ghibmb. 

CHANOB, «. Custom; as denoting the piaetiee of 
baying firom eertaiu pertont^ 8. 2V«tii't Mwniain 

CHANQl, CBAVoB-HouBa, Ceaixok-Housb, t. A 
small inn or alehoose, a SwkoUeU. 

CHaNGB-KISEPBR, «. Ono who keeps an alehouse, 
or a petty inn, Perths. Laoarks. 

known in Loth, and in the South of 8. — In this game 
as many scats are placed round a room as will serve 
all the company save one. The want of a seat Ihlls 
on the individual by a kind of lot All the rest being 
seated, he who has no seat stands in the middle, ve> 
peating the words, ** Change seats, change seatSt" Ac., 
while all the rest are on the alert to observe when he 
adds, " The King's come," or as it is sometimes ex- 
pressed, *' The King's coming f as th^ must then all 
rise and change their seats. The sport Ues in the 
bostie made in consequence of eveiy one's endeavoor- 
iag to avoid the misfortune of being the unhappy 
ladirldual who is left without a seat Sob Bojf. 
This game, although diildish, is evidently meant to 
fidleule the political scramble for places on occasions 
flf a change of government, or on the suoeessioQ. 

OHANLEB^UAFTBD, 04^. Lantern-Jawed ; having 
chops like a dUmdZcr or candlesttek, a B. JToiim. 

CHANNEL, «. A gutter ; a kencel. Balfcm't Prod. 
Fr. dkenol ; Belg. Jrenncl ; Lat. concU-it, id. This 
word hss been probably boripwed from the French, 
while residing in thisconntiy, during the reign of Kary. 

CHANNBL^ s. Gravel, 8. (synon. chad.)— Perhaps 
from efconnet, the bed of a river. Y. Cbixolb. 

OHANNBLLY. a<^'. Gravelly, 8. StoAiA. AfUL 

CHANNBL-8TANB, f . The naoM given to the stone 
used in the diversion of curling. QciX, — Perhaps 
ttios denominated, as they are geneially auch as are 
taken flrom the fted (rf a river. 

OHANNEB, s. Gravel ; often Ckomtmn ; vynoa. with 
CftoiMiel, Aberd. 

7b OHANNBB, e. n. To fTet, to be in a chiding hu- 
mour, a JftffMCreliy Bvrder. — Ir. coMir-ofi, toi 

mutter or grumble ; GaeL id. eoMinwi, ooaWaUoo, 

GHANOa^cm*. OfftfiheAiy. J^onalo'-— Ut. ooma. 
Y. Oakois. 

CHANRT-KIRK, C94»iBvXnx, «. Corr. of Cka- 
Monry, or CoMomrTf }eWk^ i. e.. Kirk of the Canons, 8. 

CHANTER, «. The flut»-like tube of the bagpipe, on 
which the tune is played, 8. Lady of the Lake.— 
QmtL eantairt chanter, (Shaw,) apparently a ringer ; 
primarily applied to the paraoa ; henoe, perhaps^ to 
the instrument 

CHANTBRIS,t.pI. Ules endowed with eodealasttcal 
benefices, ^anao^ae Potmi. 

CHANTT, Chaxtii, $. A chamber-pot ; an urinal ; a 
cant term, Boxb., Ayrs., Fife, Aberd. Picken. 

CHANTIGLEBB, t. A name given to the Dragone^ 
Firth of Forth.—*' Gallionymua Lyra, Drsgonet ; 
Chaniideer, or Gowdle." NeOVB- Litt tf Fitku. 
This name is also given to a cock, Soot and Xng. 

CHANTIB-BBAK, t. A prattUng child ; a chatterbox, 
Boxb.— Apparently firom Fr. cftaM^€r, to waible, (B. 
chant,) aa expressive of eheeiftalness, «nd tos, the bill 
or beak. Y. Baix, a. 

CHANTIN', adj, Loquaoloaa, an« at the Mune time 
pert, Koxb. 

CHAP, t. 1. A fellow, a contemptuous term ; some- 
times tikappit, or " litae chap," a Bnnu. % Like 
AiOd^ it is also applied to a female, 8. B. JSosi.— 
Su. G. ikdspt, ktip9, Isoete, homo servilis oonditlonis. 

To CHAP, «i 0, 1. To strike with a hammer, or any 
instrument of similar use, a— Teut ftaj)p-en, inci- 
dere ; Belg. schopp-eai to strikoi Sewel. 2. To chop, 
to cat into small pieces, 8. a To bruise ; to beat ; 
to break, a B.— Tout faifip-en, oonscindere minutlm. 

To CHAP Ikandi, to strike hands, especially in conclud- 
ing a bargain, 8. Sou. 

To 0EM2 tifft to strike off.— Su. G. kopp-o, to ampu- 

To CHAP, «. n. 1. To strike ; " the knock's dteppfm" 
the clock strikes, 8. G^y Jfannertna. 2. To tkap 
at a dooTt to knock, to rap, 8. Sir Egeir. 

CHAP, Chaut, Chopfb, t. 1. A stroke of any kind ; a 
blow, 8. ihinu.— Teat kip, ictus ; If oes. G. kaupai- 
jan, oolaphos Ingerere. Or perhaps 8u. G. kaepp, 
bacului^ a stick. 2. A tap or rap, 8. MintL Bord. 
Z. Boyd uses tkoppe in the same sense. 

To CHAP, Cbaup okI, CxAim, «. a. 1. To fix upon 
any person or thing by sdection, a Hence the 
phrase. Chap y*, chute ye. JZamsoy. 2. Suddenly 
to embrace a proposal made in order to a bargain ; to 
hold one at the terms menUoned, a — Belg. kij^p-en, 
to choose ; which teems only a secondary sense of the 
V. in Tout, as signifying to lay hold of. 

CHAP, t. The act of choosing ; dUp and choiof, gnat 
variety, 8. B. itosi. 

CHAP, t. A shop. Many. 

To CHAP out, V. a. To call out by a tap on a pane of 
the window, a Blackw. 

To CHAP yoni, «. i». To get out of the way, Aberd. 
Apparently equivalent to B. tkop abovt, as applied to 
the shifting of the wind. Tarrant Poeme. 

CHAP AXD CHOICB, great variety, a Gl. Shirr0. 

CHAPDX7R,t. Chapter. Chart. Aberd. 

CHAPIN, Cximx, 9. Chopin, a quart, 8. Shirrefk. 

To Tix A Chappih, la a circumlocution commonly used 
to exprew an attachment to intoxloating liquor, 8. 

CHAPia 9. pi, Bstablished prices and rates, Y. 









CHAPTT. y. Chaifb. 

OHAPLINO, ». The Cem ii*d when, tA ma deetloii, 
merchAQU or eiBllsmen kne fihdr IndiTidnl votes, 
•nd go with the mM^oxiij of their guild or cmft — So. 
G. fcacppl-a, to gag, bodllo os obtoiare ; ftom haqpp, 
CHAPMAN, t. A pedler, a hawker, 8., a merehant, 
O. B. Stat. Aec—X, 8. ceapmam ; 8w. koepman, a 

CHAP-HILL, f. cuppers. 
OHAPPAN, act/. **TsU of stature; doTer." €fl. 

JHdeeiu Ajra. also expL 'Musty," Ed. 1818.— This 

must he merely a Scottish modifloatlon of the S. word 

ehofpinOf osed in the first sense. 
CHAPPED BT, preL Apparently got oat of the way. 

/HCnoMie. Y. Chip font. 
CHAPPEB, f. An instnunent for bruising potatoes, 

Ao., Aberd. 
CHAPPIE, «. A Utile feUow, & Oalt. 
CHAPPINa-STICKS, «. Any instrument which one 

uses for striking with, 8. JTeUy. 
CHAPTBRLT, ado. A presbytery is said to be tikap- 

tariff met, or oonrened, when all the members are 

present ; formerly written C%apto«r2y.— The term has 

been transmitted fhmi the times of popeiy ; flrom 

Aapter, ^apttmr, "an assembly of the cleigy of a 

oatliednl or collegiate church." 
CHAB| t. Carriages. Barbour.— Vr. diar, a wagon, 

a car. 
CHAB,t. A oeitaln quantity of lead. Balf.PraeL— 

It seems properly to signify a ont-load-f ul. Y . Chab, 

9. Carriages. 
ItoCHAB^v. a. 1. To stop. Jhuglat. 2. Ibdkorfty, 

to torn aside. Douglas.— A. S. oerr-an, to turn, to 

turn fh)m, divertere. 
CHAB. On okar, to a side. JhiioUu.—A. 8. cerre, 

turning, bending, winding. 
To CHAR. CkardmUe. Perhaps, " murmur, distrust" 

Barbour. — ^A. 8. cear-ian, to complain, to murmur. 
CHAKDUKILL, 9. 1. A carbuncle. DouoUu. 2. An 

ulcer. Pottoart.—Yt. esearteuole, oorftoucfe, the 

pestilent blotch or sore, termed a carbuncle. 
CHARD, pret. Y. Cbibb. 
CHAB'D. Expl. "leaning place." 
CHARE, «. A chariot ITouatof.— Fr. dkor, id. 
chare; 9. Care, charge. JZott.—Like X. tKutit^ 

from A. 8. cor, cura, or oeor^, soliditus. 
CHARGES, 9. pt. Rents. Buik of IKfcipKne.— Fr. 

ckor^e, pension, rente. 
To CHARK, e. n. 1. To make a grating noise, as the 

teeth do when grinding any gritty substance ac- 
cidentally mingled with one's food, Dumfr. CfttrJbe, 

q. T. synon. To be habitually complaining ; to be 

constantly in a querulous humour, Ibid. 
CHARKAR, 9. Meaning doubtfuU 
CHARKER, 9. A cricket, Dumfr.— Probably from A. 

8. eeore-ian, stridere, ** to ereaJfce, to make a noise ; 

to (harke, or Airke^** Somner. 
CHARLEWAN, Chaelbwatiib, «. The constellation 

Una Major f also called the Plough, 8. DougloM.-^ 

A. 8. earleanpoim ; 8u. G. karlioaofi ; Dan . harlvoon. 
CHARNAILL BANDIS, «. jrf. Strong hinges used for 

masqr doors or gates, riveted, and often having a 

plate, on each side of the gate, 8. ; oen/re-Jkinaet, E. 

ITaUaoe.— Fr. chamiere, a hinge, a turning-Joint. 
CHARN ALE, «. Perhaps corr. from Fr. dkarfi<ere, a 

hinge, or tumlng-j<dnt Jnoeiiiories. Y. Cbabbajll 

CHARRI8. Y. Cbab, «. 

GHARTEBrHOUBS; 9. The naaio glt«n to the 
monastery of the Owthoalans.— Fr. cfcui fi am. Act9 
Jo. VJ. 

GHARTOUB, t. A place for holding wiitlngB. 

CHARYS, adS, Great, Oikn. 

CHA8, 9. The game of chess. /»«enterfet. 

0HA8B0U Cbbbbol, Chhbowb, «. Poppy. Cbm- 
jriayiU 8. DouoUu. 

CHASE, 9. Brade a cftose^ perhaps begun a pursuit 

CHASER, s. A ram that has only one testicle, Selklifcs. 

0HA8S, t. Osset condition. Wattact. 

To CHA8TT, «. a. To chastise, to correct Barbour. 
— Fr. efcofii-er, id. 

To CHASTIFT, «. a. To make chaste.— Perhaps meant 
as strictty signifying eaiaseicZare, like Fr. 
However, L. R. ea9t(fieart 99, signifies, i 
exhibere, servare^ Du Cange. 

To CHASTIZE, «. a. To abridge. — EvidenUy a 
metoph. use of the E. o. 

CHASUBYI^s. The same with CkoydO. 

To CHAT, V. a. 1. To bruise slighUy. 2. To ohafe, 
8. ; STuon. ckade, 

CHAT THE, "Hang thyself ^ Bodd. DOMtflcw.— Ao- 
oording to Sherrlfs, C^^ Is** sometimes a cant name 
for the gallows," 01. Aberd. 

CHATON, Cbattob, «. •* The beadU, ooUet, head, or 
broadest part of a ring, Ac., wherein the stone Is set," 
Colgr., Fr. 

Tb CHATTER, «. a. To divide a thing by causing 
many fractures ; to break suddenly into small pieces, 
AbenL ; to Shatter, X. 

CHATTY-PUSS, 9. A term used in calling to a eat, 
Rozb. Evidently of the same origin with CKeet, q. v. 

To CHATTLE, «. n. To eat as a lamb, or a young 
child ; to nibble ; to chew feebly, Sttr. For.— This 
may be a dimtn. Ih>m A. 8. eeoio-an, or Teut Jbrnno- 
ea, Jbome-en, id., mordere. 

CHAUDMALLET, «. A blow; a beating, Aberd. 
Evidently a relique of Guzudmetti, q. v. 

CHAUDMELLt:, s. A sudden broil or quarrel. Skene. 
—Ft. Chaude, hot, and meiMe, mdie, broil. 

CHAUD-PXECE, f . GonorrhflBa. Polwor^— Fr.dkouds- 
pine, id. 

CHAYELING, Sbavbub, t. A tool especially em- 
ployed by eartwrighto and coachmakera, for smoothing 
hollow or drcolar wood, 8. Synon. 8. wlth^S^pofce* 
Aave, Aberd. Beg.—^. 8. so^o, a shaving instru- 
ment ; Teut sdkotie, dolabra, plannla, from sdUnien, 
to smooth with a plane. 

CHAUFFRAY, «■ Merchandise.— Ck«t^ar«, id., Chau- 
cer ; from A. 8. eeopicm, to buy ; also to sell. JB. 

CHAURS, 9. A slulee, Roxb. ; syn. FleuH. Periiapa 
q. whatcftdcfef, i. e., checks or restrains the water, 
when apt to overflow. 

To CHAUM, «. n. To diew voradoualy ; to eat up, 
Ettr. For. — Isl. Hommi, maxilla, ftiomt^ buccas 
volutere, JHomC, motio mazillarum. 

CHAUYE, adj. 1. A term denoang that "odour 
in black cattle when white hair is pretty equally 
mixed with black hair." Surv. Ifaim and Moray. 
2. Also applied to ** a swarthy person " when " pale," 
ibid. — It is, undoubtedly, the same with HaWt Haave, 
q. ▼. ; for ChanKoe is always pron. as if written with 
the Gr. %, 

To CHAW, «. a. 1. To chew, 8., as In S. 2. To f^t 
or cut by attrition, Aberd. 




To OHAW. ». a. 1. Tofret. to gnaw. DmtoUu. 3. To 
proToke, to Tex, 8.— O. Wt. dkoMr, to pat in piOn ; 
Vr.dtoft^ "dlMppoliitod, fhutimtod,''Cotgr. 

CHBAP 07. A flcottiah Idiom oommonly applied to 
one who laperabandantly deeenresany affront or nis* 
fortone he has met with ; q. efteop of iL 

CHEART, Chbbbib, adi. Cheerfol, 8. Pidem, 

CHBATftlX, CHBATaT, «. 1. Deceit; firaiid, 8. Fommr 
toMiaU. 2. The act of cheating ; fraod ; deodtin 
mercantile dealingi, play, or otherwise, 8. 

CHEATBIB, Cbbatet, odjf. 1. Vmodfol ; deeeittal ; 
" a eieotrie body," one addicted to cheating, 8. 2. 
Applied to the means osed for deeeptf on, 8. ; as in 
the old adage, " CheaJtrU game *iU aye kythe," i. e., 
fiUse play will show itself sooner or lator.— A. 8. 
eeatt, drcumTentio ; Sn. O. I;y<-a, mntare, permntare, 
Ihre ; dolose imponere, 8eren. ChBOtrii may, indeed, 
be viewed as eompoonded of A. 8. oeatt, dreamven- 
tlo, and He, dives ; q. " rich in deceit*' 

CHKAT-THE-WUDDIB, od^. Deftcaoding the gallows 
of its rightful prey, 8. ; «. One who defmnds the gal- 
lows. Bob ROf. V. WlDDIB. 

CUBAT8, Chith, s. The sweet-bresd. Ckitt and 

luan, a common dish in 8. <. c, kidneys and sweet- 

breada WaUtm't CM, 
I CHBGK, t. A bird. T. Gbiok. 

CHB0K8PAIL, ff. A box on the ear ; a blow on the 

cheek or chops ; q. dbeefcplaif.— Vrom Teat tpd, also 

jpM, lodos. OkeelESpooi, Fife. 
CHBDHKR, ff. Ckedkar Jfole, an onlntolllgible phrase. 

Chart. Saneti Andr. V. Obudbbmb. 
CHBBCKIB, Chbbeib, Chbckib, oi^. fall of conning, 

Aberd. rorroff.— Teut feecfce, Csllada, dolns. 
2y> CHBEK, 9. a. " To flatter," Ol. Shirr^t, Aberd. 

Teat. haeA-m signifies to pilfer, sappUare, mantico- 

hurl ; or from the same origin with {^beedbie. 
CUXSK^ the Fire, The side of the Are, Rozb. IngU 

cheek, synon. 
CHEEK-BLADE,*. The cheek-bone, 8. Cldand, 
CHEEK-FOR-GHOW. Cheek by Jde, 8. V. Ghol. 
To CHEEM, «. a. To knock one down, Oikn.— Perhaps 

it originally denoted a stroke on the chops, from Isl. 

hUsmmi^ maxilU. 
CHEERER, ff. A glass of splrito mixed with warm 

water and sogar ; a tambler of toddy, Boath of 8., 

Ayrs. ^y Mannerino, 
CHEESE-HAKE, ff. A frame for diying cheeses when 

newly made, 8. T. Hakb. 
CHEESE-RACK, •. Tlie sun* with ChfUit-hake, 8. 

CHEET, interj. The csU directed to a cat, when one 

wishes her to approach, 8. It is genendly doobled ; 

as, Cheet I duet /—There seems to be llttte reason to 

doubt that this is flrom Vr. ekal, the name given to 

this animal. 
CHEFTBOUK, ff. A piece of oniamental head-dress 

for ladles. Y. BoHArraoux. 
CHEIF-SCHIMlfEia, ff. A prlndpal dwelllng-plaoe, 

or manor-house. Acte Ja. VI. ▼. Chbmtb. 
CHEIFTTMB, i. Bdgn ; q. the Mate of one's bdng 

ehi^, or sovereign. OoHyear. 
To OHEIM, V. a. To divide equally ; especially in 

cutting down the backbone of an animal, 8. B.— Ap- 
parently corr. flrom the E. v. dkine, used In the same 

sense, ftom ck<ne, the backbone. Fr. cscAia-er, id. 
Jb OHEIP, Chbpb, «. n. 1. To peep, to chirp, as 

young birds In (he nest, 8. CbmjBlaynl 8. C^eepe, 

0. E. 2. To squeak with a shrill and feeble vdee, 8. 

Oodtar^fl. 8. To mutter ; applied metaph. to man. 

8. Bamnat9%e Poeme. 4. To creak, &— 1st. feevp-Oi 
vagire modo puerarum ; keipart puerorum vagitoa. 

OHEIP, Chbbp, f . A whisper ; the sllghest hint or 
innendo^ Sl It admito of the same various signifi- 
cations as the «. It is alao used, in a general sense, 
todenote noise of any kind. **IdidnothearaelMj^'' 
i. e., there was not the least noise, 8. 

CHEIPSB, ff. The cricket, an insect; denominated 
from the ndse it makes, Loth. When c^jMrc cone 
to a house, it betokens good lock, Boxb. 

CHEIPER, ff. The Bog Iris; so called, because 
children make a shrfU ndse with ito leaves, Roxb. 

OHEIPIMO, Cbbbfibo, s. Shrill squeaking, 8. 

To CHEIP8, V. a. To buy or sell. MaiUand Fsana 
— -A. 8. eeopHui, emere. vendere ; whence E. eheopai. 

To CHEI8, Chbibb, Chbb, Cbbbb. 1. To choose. For- 
Am. 2. To appoint ; used in an oblique sense. Sir 
3V<ilrea».— Moes. O. Iseff-cm ; A. 8. eeos-on ; Belg. 
Meff-€M ; 8u. O. ke§^a^ id. Chauc. okess. 

To CHEITLB, «. n. To chirp ; to chatter or waibte ; 
applied to the sounds emitted by small birds when 
they dt upon thdr young, or feed them, Kiniosa 
Perths. — It must be viewed as HMtieally the same 
with Tout ^wedel-en, garrire, modulail. 

CUEITRE8, Dunbar, Maitland Poems, p. 48, read 

CHEK,ff. 1. Cheek. Domglae. 2. The post of agate. 

DoitffiMi. The poste of a door are still called the 

GHEKEB^ Chbokbb, f. The excheqner. 8laL Sob, 

CHELIDERECT, ff. A kind of serpent, Surtl.^'rr, 

ekdydre ; Lat ehdfdrtu^ id. 
OHEMAOfi. WaUace. Cftemes Aie, <. s, high dwell- 
ing, seems the true reading. Y. Cbbhts. 
CHEMER,ff. A loose upper garment Bwbomr, Y. 

CHEMT8, Cbtmbs, Cbtmmbs, CBivia, f. A chief 

dwdltng ; as the manor-house of a landed proprietor, 

or the palace of a prince. Baron Courti.—4), Fr. 

ek^Nes, dUi/inoiff, the chief Bumskm-hoase on an 

estete ; L. B. caput nuuui. 
CHEN YIE, CbbbtI, t. A chain. JSToived <» a C^kegnie, 

hung in chains. ComplajftU 8, 
CHEMN0NI8, ff. pi. Canons bdonging to a flu^H^ni'. 

1V» CHEPE; v. n. To chirp. Y. CBbxp. 
CHERITIS, CbbbitA, t. Meaning doubtfUU 
To CHERK, «. n. To emit a grating sound, South of 

8. Hoffff. 
OHERRY of fay. The name fonneriy given to a 

spedes of sea-flsh in the firth of Tay ; supposed to be 

the Smdt, 8. SpMing, 
CHESBOW, s. The poppy. Y. Chasbol. 
To CHESE, V. a. To choose. Y. Chbib. 
CHESYBIL, ff. An ecdeslastlcal dress, O. E. cAsffuMe, 

a short vestment without deeves. ITyntowii.— L. B. 

eaffM6ki / Fr. eanMe, id., a little cope. 
CHE80P, ff. An eoclesiasUcal dress. Abbrev. trota 

Cketyha, q. V. InoentorieM. 
CHESS, ff. The quarter, or any smaller dlvidon of an 

apple, pear, Ac., cut regulariy into pieces. "The 

ckett of an orange," one of the dlvldons of it, Roxb. 

— Fr. ekosse, " that thing, or part of a thing, wherein 

another is enchased," Ootg. 
CHESS, ff. I. The frame of wood for a window ; a sash, 

8. 2. The iron firame which sorrounds types, after 

they are set for the press, 8.— Fr. cAasffit also slgnlfiea 

a " printer's tympane^" Ootgr. 







CHBS8BL, «. ▲ ehMM-TOi ; tke hhdm with (SoiMli 

and Cfttfttore, Nithad. 
CHBSSVORD, OHBiSBfOio, «. Tha bmoU Im vhlch 

ohaese ti made, Roxb. Syaoo. CBkiwoiH^ and Xa<- 

«are, 8. B. 
T9 CHESSOUN, «. a. To subjeet to blame, to mcqm. 

PrieiU ofPMU.—Jr. aekoitm m er^ id. 
GHESSOUN, Chisowxi, •. Blame ; aoouattoa ; ez- 

eepUoD. PritiU qf PeUif .— Fr. acAoiion, aocwation. 
*0HE8T, «. Frequentt7iuedfbracof&]i,& apaM/tma^ 
To CHB8T, «. a. To endoae la a ooIBb, 8. V. KxR, 

«. and «. 
GHXSTEB^ «. 1. Tbt same glTen to a elfcolar torti- 

flcation In aome parte of 8. StaiiMt. An. 2. Tbe 

dealgnation of a Dumber of placea, anch aa foim-towna, 

Id the South of 8., either by itaelf or in oonjnDction 

with aome other word, aa Higliefcct<«r, Bonel««ter. 

Whiteeftetltr, COkefferhonae, C%e»C«rhaIl, kc—lmX, 

eoftro, adopted into A. & in the form of MMtcr, a 

fort, a caatle. 
OHBSTER BBAB. The aame eommonly glTen, in 

Aogna and Pertha., to hig^ aa dlatinguiahinc It from 

JBorley-bear, which deoofcea what la, in InslaDd, 

atrictly called barley. 
OHESWBLL, a. A cheeae-Tai JTeUy. 
OBBYSLRIS, t. GaTaliy. V. Chiwalbt. 
OHBTBBON, a. Armour for a horae'a head. Sir 

€hiiwkn and Sir (ToZ.^L. B. ckomfmmmt Da Oange ; 

Fr. (hamfrain^ tkanfrein. 
CHEVIN, poH. JM. Bocoeeded ; proapere d ; aohieTcd. 

Maitland Poena. Fr. ekavlr, to obtain, alao to make 

ao end. 
CHBVISANCB, a. Procurement; neanaof aoqnlilng. 

Aet» Jo. /. 
OHEVBON, a. A glore.— Originally, perhapa, a glore 

made of kid leather ; from Fr. dkcereou, a kid. 
To CHEW, «. a. To atew, I«narka. ; a oom^ pro* 

CUSWAL, a4/. XMatortod. Y. 8asTn. and Sbowl. 

OHEWALRT, a. 1. Men in arma, of whatover nmk. 

Barbour. 2. Cavalry. BAlmdm, 8. Courage; 

proweaa in aima. Barbour.— Jr. cKevalorie, knight- 
hood, tranaferred to armed men without diatioction. 

It also signiflea proweaa. 
CHSWALBOUS, a^f. BraTO, gallant. Barbour. — 

O. Fr. ditnaleurtua^ illustria, nobilla. 
CHEW ALRUSLT, adv. Brarely ; gallantly. Ba^bowr. 
To GHSWT8, «. a. To oompeaa ; to achicTe ; to ao> 

oompllsh. Barbour. 
CHEWYSANCE, CaawTSAira, i. Acquirement; pro- 

Tiaf on ; mcana of austenance. WalloM. 
CHIAR, t. A chair. The vulgar pronunciation nearly 

reaemblea thia. C^kcyr, 8. Bdlonden. 
To CHICK, «. n. To make a clicking noiae, aa a wateh 

doea, 8.— Teut Mdb*eii, mntire, minimam Tocem 

CHICKENWORT, t. Ohickweed, 8. Alaine media, 

Linn. From ekidetn and loorf. an herb. 
• CHIEF, adj. Intimate ; aa, "They're rery dk*<f wi' 

ane anither,"8. 8ynon. Orit, Thrangy Pack, Frtff, Ac. 
CHIBL, «. Used in the aenae of child, Aberd. ' ' CKiA^ 

child ; ITf cAtrf, with child." (?«. fl!fciiT«/t.— Per- 
hapa the word in thia form, baa more affinity with 

8u. O. kuXi, prolea, than with A. 8. tOd, infana. 
CHIEL, CHtBLD, a. 1. A aerrant. ChamhoMMAy a 

aervant who waita in a gentleman'a chamber ; a ralet. 

To cut; towoond. Ckr. 
tondere. Cftord, 
to be the 

J>ttfQ0|Ma..-4a. Q. JMtt, a hoy ; teOo, a |lri i Mia, 
oOkpiing. Or GMM; q. ▼. corr. from 0. X. ; pro- 
nounoed by the oommoa people in B. deOd or C%iald. 
S. A fellow, naed either in a good or bad wnae, 
although more oonaonly aa expreaaiTe of diarei^ect. 
8. AwMoy. a. A atiipUng^ a young man, 8. It 
ia l^pplied indUferently to a young man or woman, 
a B. Jlon. 4. An appellation expraaaiTe of Ihnd- 
neaa, 8. B. Ban, 

CHIBL or CHARE. OnethatapenontakeaaparticQlar 
Intereat in, or to whom be acta aa guaniian, a B. ; 
i. a., "a ohild of hli own, or a waid." Jtoti. Y. 

To CHliot, Gebib, fu 0. 
iCtrifc.— A. a mxaoMim^ 
which ocoura in the 
pret. of the e. 

CHIXRB,a. Chair. fUm^ti^br. 

GHIFFER8, a. Jit. Cyphera.~Fr. <*(/Wi, Id. 

CHILD, Ohtlo, a. Aaemuit; apage. IFaUaoe. In 
0. X., a youth, especially one of high birth, before he 
waa advanced to the honour of knighthood. — A. 8. 
eOd, like L. imfoBM ; Fr. otifaitd ; Hlap. ig^at^ 
tianaferred to the heiiH^parent of a aoveraign. 

CHILDXR, jA. 1. ChiUren, a, t.»«^,). WaU^ot. 
2. Retinue ; attendants. 9. Uaed to donominato 
aerranto on ahipboaid, or oommoo nmrtnea in lela- 
tton to their maatar. A^/biir'a /Voct— A. 8. cfldnc, 

CU YLD^IFT, f. A preaent made to a aMd by one 
who auataina the character of godliather. 

OHILD-ILLi a. Uboor; paiiM of Ghild-beaiing. Ba^ 

To CHIM, e. n. *' To take by amaU portlona ; to eat 
nicely," Xttr. For.— By the oaual change of Goth, k 
Iniock, thia aeema to originate from lal. kotn-Tt sipor. 

CHTHB8,a. A chief dwelUng. Y. CnaMTS. 

CHIMLBT, Chimla, CBimar, Chimbult, a. 1. A 
grate, a Burrow Lawft. 2. A flre-plaoe, a 8. In 
the proper aenae of X. dk«N»iM3f, aa denoting " the 
turret ralaed for conTfyanoeof the amoke," a'-*Qom. 
UekifMOy a chimney. 

CHIMLA-LUG, a. The flre-alde, 8. Burm. 

CHIHLET-BRACB, a. 1. The mantel-piece, a 2. 
The beam which aupporto the ctrf-ond^Iair ohlm- 
neya in cottagea ; pron. dkimla-frraoe, Teviotd. 

CHIMLET-CHBKK8k a. pk. The atone pUlaia at the 
aide of a fire, a 

CHIMLBT-NEUGK, a. The chimney-oonieib a OUL 

CBYMOUR, CBTMia, a. 1. A light gown, MaiOamd 
Poemi. X. cymor. 2. A piece of dreaa worn by 
arehblahoiM and Uahopa when conaeerated. AcU 
Cfta. I.—Wt. ekamgrret alooae and light gown ; ItaL 
eiamare ; Belg. aamore. 

CHYNA,a. A chain. Act AttdU. 

CHINE, f. The end of a barrel, or that part of the 
atovea whioh prqjeot beyond the head, 8. Acti Cha. 
/.—lal. kanif promlnula para rei, that part of a thing 
that prajecta; alao roatrum, Hakloraon. Chines 
hoirerer, may be corr. from X. dUnUf cft<at6, id., 
eapeoially aa Tent. iMaaia, and kimme, aignity maigo 
yaaia ; and 8u. G. Mm, extremum dolii. 

CHIN'i^ILY, a4F. Gravelly, 8. SUUiatieal Acamnt. 

CHINGLB, a. Gravel, 8. ibid. Y. Cbxiisbi*. 

CHINK, a. A cant torm for mon^, Galloway. De- 
nominated from the aound made by allver. 

CHINLIX, flu^. GnveUy, Moray. The aame with 
CkamnMf and Ckkkjlie, Skai^i Marof. 




CHINTIB-CHIir, g. A long chin ; a dda vbUh pro- 

JeetSi Perthi. 
Tb CHIP, Cirrr, 9.n. 1. ▲ Mid Is aid lo bodUiyina, 
when Ucncks Che shollt A. Bor., Id. 2. Tobraak 
Coith ftrom » <hell or csUz ; h^*^ ^ flowora, alio 
to gndn whca it begiiui to gormiiiat^ 8. IkmoUu. S. 
Metaph. implied to tho preparation neeoamiy to the 
fllgbiorapCTSon. Jfinsl. Mord. 4. Traniforrod to a 
tNMnan who Is ln«ho earlf atato of prignanej, 8^ i. It 
ia nppliod to ale when It begins to fennent in the work- 
ing-Tat, 8L 0.— fielg. kipp-mt to hatch ; to diaolooe. 
CHIPSBI8, fl. jd. Mom probably, gins; inaraa; 
allied, perhapi, to Toot. JHp, dedpulon, tnm kipp- 
€Mf capere. 
CHIPPIB-BUftDIB, «. A tena und in apramlae BMde 
to a child, for the pvpoae of pacifying or pleasing it ; 
ril pie yea a tkippMrnrdie, Loth.^Perhaps a child's 
toj, called a d tojyy ft ar a H e, from the nolso made when 
tho air la fionsed oat ; or a oorr. of fr. ekapeoa terde, 
a oeefced, or, perhape, an caiftretfcred Aaf. 
CHT PP YNUTIB, t. A mlKhieroos spirit. Paliee of 

Hommr. Y. Skbtxmobii. 

CHTBB,«. A chair /nesaloriet. 

CHTBB, ff. Cheer; entertainment. 

Tb CHIRK, Jiaa, Jiao, GaoaK, a. a. 1. To make a 

grating noise, 8. Popular BdU. To dUrk with the 

letO, also actlTdy, <o chirk the toeO, to mb them 

against each other, 8. 2. Used to denote ** the noise 

made bj the feet whea the shoee are fall of water," 8. 

Jtaatay.—A. 8. osarv-ioa, crepltare^ stridere^ to 

gnash, to creak ; Chaoeer, to ehirko. 

CHIRK, «. The sound made bj the teeth, or bj any 

hard bodj, when raU>ed aUHqnelj against another. 
TV OHIRL, V. a. 1. To chirp, Roxb. ; sjn. Cktui. 
2. To emit a low, melancholy sound, as birds do in 
wlnler, ar before a storm, Oljfdes. Homf' 8. " To 
waible merrily," Clydes.— Sw. torUa, to murmur; 
to amke a noise like running water, 8ereB. ; A. 8. 
eetar-ian, eeorr-iaa, queil, murmurare. 4. To whistle 
shrilly, Boxb. 
OHIRL, «. The single emission ef a low, melancholy 

sound, Olydes. 
CHIRLINQ, «. Such a sound conttaned, lb. 
Tb OHIRL, a. a. To laugh immodeiately, llumfir. 
Qjnon. le Haft wUh laae)k<a.~Perhaps in alluilon to 
the sound made by a moor-fowl, or partridge, when 
mised. V. Cauaa, Caimi^ Ihre, rendering the 
tena Jtarro, murmurare, amations Oerm. jharel-a, 
as synon. 
OHIRLI) t. The double<hla ; the watttco of a cock, 

Renfr. T. Cholbr. 
CHIRLIX, «. A smaU bit of anything, especially of 
edlble% l4Uiarfc.— Allied, perhaps, to Tent. sAiwvea, 
S CHIRLBS, s. jrf. Pieces of coal, of an intermediate 
else between the largest and dhowe, which are the 
smallest, except what Is called eaJia, life. 
CHIRH, t. Chimu of grau, the early shoots of gran, 
Rozb.— This, it is supposed, has been corr, from S. 
pena, or Pr. otrme, id. 
To CHIRM, «. a. To wafble, 8. iHelrea. 
To OHIRMB, e. a. 1. Used to denote the mournful 
lonnd emitted by birds, especially when collected 
together before a storm, 8. IkmglaM. 2. To chirp, 
without necessarily implying the Idea of a melancholy 
note, 8. Fermuon, 8. Tobe peerish ; to be habitually 
eompUlnIng, 8.~Belg. h a - s t ea , lamentari, quiritari ; 
Id. /onar, yok arinm, garritas ; Daa. termer, to 
griere or first. 

OHTRMI; t. 1. Nbte ; applied to Wrda Aoa^t. 

2. A single chirp. Traim, 
To nniRPLS, e. a. To twitter as a swallow, & B. A 

dlmin. finom B. «i totktrp, 
CHIRPLB, t. A twittering note, 8. B. 
lb CHIRR, a. a. To chirp, Olydetd.— 0. B. tMtro, 

id. ; Oerm. Wrr-ea, §irr-en, to coo as a dore ; also 

to emit a shrill sound. 
To CHIRT, e. a. 1. To squeeae ; to press out, 8. 

DouoUu. 2. To act in a gripping manner; also, to 

sqaeese or praetise extortion, 8. 8. '*To squirli or 

send forth suddenly," 01. 81bb., Roxb. 
CHIRT, t. 1. A squeese, & 2. A squirt, Boxb. 3. 

A small quanti^; as, a tkirt f(f ffent, a small 

quantl^ of grass ; a dhirt of water, applied to veiy 

lltUe water, Roxb. 
To CHIRT, a. a. To press hard r.t stool, & i*<Qfcea. 
To CHIRT in, o. a. To press in, 8. O. 
To CHIRT, «. a. Bxpl. in Ol. to ** confine Uughter," 

Oalloway. David§OH*t Seatont. 
CHIRUROINAR, $. 8uigeon. Aberd. Bea- 
7b CHISBLLv Cbissbl, «. a. To prem in a eheeie^Tat, 

CHIT, t. A small bit of bread, or of any kind of food, 8. 
To CHITTBR, o. a. 1. To shWer; to tremble, 8. 

Bamiay. 2. To chatter. The teeth are lald to 

ehitttr, when they strike against each other, &— Tent 

tiitter-€n ; Oerm. oekutt-ern, to qnirer. 
To CHITTBR, «. a. To warble ; to chatter, Oalloway. 

Z>9«idpoa'« Aaueas. — Oerm. s«tteher-a denotes the 

chirping or chattering of birds. 
OHITTBIULILLINO, c. An opprobrious term. Dwa- 

ftor. — Perhaps the same as E. chitteriin, the in« 

To CHITTLB, Tohtttlb, v. o. To eat com tnm the 

ear, putting off the husks with the teeth, Dnmfr.— 

Id. CaO-a, rostro quatere, Tel aTellere ; tuU, the act 

of tearing or peeling. 
To CHITTLB, V. a. To wari>le; to chatter, Dumfr. 

8ynon. i^uhiiter. E. Nith. Sont. 
CHIZZARD. y. Kaisabt. 
2b CHIZZBL, e. a. To cheat ; to act deceitfully, 8. B. 

Chnm, B.— Belg. kweegi-en, to act hypocritically. 
CHOCK, «. A name giTen, in the Weit of 8., to the 

disease commonly called the eroap. — Perhaps ftrom 

iUi tendency to produce suffocation. 
CHOPFBR, «. A chaiBng-flsh, 8.— Fr. etAm^-er, to 

chafB, cMkou^-wre, a chafing. 
CHOFPINO-DISH, t. The same. 
To CHOISB, Cbotsb, Chotob, «. a. 1. To choose ; 

to elect, 8. Blue Blanket. 2. To preftr, 8. Maat- 

vfelVt Bot-maiter. 
CHOK-BAND, «. The small strip of leather by which 

a bridle Is Csstened around the Jaws of a horse, 8. 
CHOKKBIS, pronounced cAoaftt, s. jrf. The Jaws ; 

properiy the gladular parts under the Jaw-bones, 8. 

VToUaoe.— IsL ibotte, MoUe, maxilla, the Jaws; 

kmik, gulls, faux, bruti. T. Cbubis. 
CHOL, Chow, «. Thejoleorjowl. JlPeer^reea.— A. 8. 

cagiU, fisuels, eeotat, fauces, the Jaws. Cfteefe for 

ekow, 8., cheek byjole. JBonasay. 
CHOLEB, Cbollbb, Chvbl, «. 1. A double ehln. 8. 

Jowrwd Loud. 2. CkoUert, pt., the gills of a fish, 

Upp. Clydes. Boxb. ; CkiMert, Dnmfr.— Perhaps 

ftrom some supposed resemblance between the infla- 
tion of the lungs and that of the double chin, es- 
pecially under the Influence of anger. 
CHOLLB, f. Periiaps the chough. Sir Gamaa and Sir 





CHOOF, Cboup, <. nie froit of the wild briw, Rabas 
major. Sjnon. ff(p, Diuafr. Bozb. Ajxt. Perbaps 
A. B. Aaope, Aiope, id. 

f\» OHOOWOW, V. n. To gminble ; to gnidge, Fife, 
y. Chaw. 

CHOOWOWIN', f . TbeMtofgmmblingorgradgiog, id. 

CHOP, CooPB, Cbov, t. A shop. Tbis is the Tulgar 
pronimcUUion, geaenll/, tbroqghoat 8. Y. Chaf. 
Poem 10a Cent. 

To OHORK. y. Cbibx. 

To OHO&P, V. n. To emit a ereaking Boand, m ihoes 
with water in them, Loth. Qynon. Juaaa. 

CHOSa, «. Choice. Barbowr. 

OHOUK& y. CHOKKaia. 

CHOUSKIB, <. A koaTe, Shetl.— Apparcntly ftom So. 
Q. Isl. kutk-a, pellicere, as it is the bosiiiess of a 
deceiver to oUiee others. Ihre gives kouAa as the 
Norw. form of the o. B. ekome is, ondoobtedly, a 
cognate term, and, most probably, oosen. 

CHOW, s. The Jowl. Y. Chol. 

CHOW, t. 1. A wooden ball osed in a game like 
ShiiUjff played with dobs, Moiay, Banffs. 2. The 
game itself is hence denominated The Chow. — Per- 
haps fRMn Dui. koUe ; Tout. IpoIiki a bat or dob ; or 
from lal. ku(hii ; Dan. kue^ oogere. 

To CHOW, V. a. To chew, 8. 

CHOW, Cbaw, «. 1. A monthfol of anything that one 
chews, 8. 2. Used, by way of eminence, for a quid 
of tobacco, 8. BaUad Mwirland WiUie. 

CHOW'D HOUSE. A wom-oot person ; one whose 
appearance in the morning shows that he has spent 
the night riotoudy. He Is called " a ekoK^d mowe,'* or 
said to " look like a chow^d mouse,'* Boxb. ; i. «., Uke 
a moose to which her ruthless foe has giTcn scTeral 
gashes with her teeth, before condescending to give 
the coup de graoe. 

To CHOWL, Cbool, (like tk in dkuttA,) v. n. 1. To 
dunol one's cha/Uf to distort one's month, often for 
the parpoM of provoking another ; to make ridicnloos 
faces, 8.— Probably corr., because of the distortion 
of the ftce, from Showlf q. T. 2. To emit a mournful 
cry ; applied to dogs or children, Vife. As regarding 
children, it always includes the idea that they have 
no proper reason for their whining. 

CHOWL, Chool, «. A cry of the kind described above, 
a whine, ibid. 

CHOWPIS, pret . «. Chops about. Doutdat. 

CHOWS, $. pi. A smaller kind of coal, much used in 
forges, 8.— Perhaps from Fr. thou, the general name 
of eoBX.^SUU. Aec. 

To CHOWTUS, Chottlb, v. n. To chew feebly, as a 
child or an old person does, 8. — Isl. jodla, inflrmiter 

CH&I8TBNHASS, s. Christmas, Abeid. 

CHBISTIB, CaxBTis, t. 1. The abbreviation of Ckrit- 
topher, when a man is referred to, 8. 2. The abbre> 
▼iaticn of Ckriatian^ if the name of a woman ; more 
commonly proa. q. Kint/y, 8. 

CHRTSTISMBSS, s. Christmas. WaUaet. 

CHBI8TSW0ORT, Ceistkas Flowbe. Names former- 
ly given in 8. to Bleak Hellebore. 
To CHUCK, «. a. To toss or throw any thing smartly 
out of the hand, 8. Y. Shook, v. 

CHUCK, s. A marble used at the game of Taio, or 
marbles, Dumfr. 

CHUCKBT, s. A name given to the Blackbird, Island 

of Hoy, Orkney. Low's Faun. Oread. 
CHUCKIRi f. 1. A lower cant term of a hen, 8. Quy 
Mamiuring, 2. A chicken.— Belg. kujfkm, a chicken. 

CHUCSntSTANB, s. A Bnall pdAle, & ; a quarts 
crystal rounded by attrition on the beach. — This may 
be from Teat Iwylwn, a small flint, parvus silez, 
KtUan. But rather, I suspect, from thedrcumslanoe 
of such stones being swallowed by domestic fowls. 

CHUCKIB-8TANB8, Chuoks, s. A game pUyed at by 

giris, in which four pebbles are spread on a stone, 

*and while a fifth is tossed op, these must be quickly 

gathered, and the fUling pebble caught in its descent 

in the same hand with them. 

CHUCKLErHBAD, s. A dolt, Abeid. 

CHUCKLE-HBADBD, a<^.* DolUsh, ibid.— This is a 
cant. B. word ; Grose's Class. Diet Can it have any 
alQlnity to Cterm. ieuy^Ael, kugd, globus, sphaeza ; as 
we say BvOet-htad f 

CHUDRBMB, CuoABiH, «. The designation of what 
is called a stone-weight — "The Chudnme," Mr. 
Chalmers has Justly observed, " is the Irish C^i<i> 
iknm, the (<k) being quiescent, which signifies 
weight" So, dachrar-cudrim means, Utetaliy, a 
stone-weight ;jn(ft<-<tr-ciMir^ a pound-weight Jfoo- 
dofioU's €hul. Voeab. 

CHUF, s. Clown. MoMandPoeme, EvidenUythe 
same with €W/e, q. v. 

CHUFFIS^HEEKIT, a^f. Having fldl and flaodd 
cheeks, 8. 

CHUFFIS-CHEEK8, f. A ludicrous designation given 
to a fuU-Csoed chUd, 8. Y. CHurrr, E. 

To CHUG, v* n* To Uig at an elastic substance, Upp. 
Clydcs.— Qeim. sua> suae, the act of drawing out; 
fromAlem. Beokron, Geim. s»<A-eii, trahere, attra- 

GHUKfS. Asellus marinus. SibbaUL 

CHUKI8, s. jrt. Apparently, a swelling of the Jaws. 
CfL OomplafiU. — A.&eiiieeiMfi03f(€, faudum tum<Mr. 

CHUM, c. Food ; vM*Moaflortb«belly, Clydes. &x^f, 

CHUN, s. A tens appUed to the sprouts or genus of 
barley, in the process of making malt ; also to the 
shoots of potatoes, when they b^in to spring in the 
heapr Oalloway, Dumfr. 

2V> CHUN, V. a. 1. To dam potatoet is, in turning 
them, te prevent vegetation, to nip off the shoots 
which break out from wliatare called the sen, or eyes, 
Ibid., Rozb. Upp._ Clydesd.— Moes. O. X:et«-ass ut- 
kein-cnt germinare'; Alem. ck<n-en, id. 

CHURCH An> MICE. A game of children, Fife. Said 
to be the same with the Sow if» the Kirk^ q. v. 

To CHURM, V. a. 1. To tune ; to sing.— This seems 
merdy the Oall. proa, of C&irme, q. v. 2. To 
grumUe, or emit a bumming sound, Ayrs. Appar- 
ently the same with Cktrme^ sense 8. Oalt. 

CHURMB, s. Used to denote a low, munnuiing, and 
mournful conversation, ibid. 

2b CHURR, Choel, CHimLi, «. n. 1. To coo; to 
murmur. Slbb. writes ckirle, rendering it, " to chirp 
like a sparrow," South of 8. 2. Used to denote the 
cackling ndse made by the moorfowl when raised 
from its seat, Domfjr.— Cimbr. kw, murmur; A.S. 
oearAam, murmurare. 

CIBTEZOUR.S. Adtisen. BMenden. 

CYGONUS, s. The stork. Burel.—Er. ctcoonet id. 

CYLB, t. The foot, or lower part of a eouple or rsfter ; 
synon. jS|p<re. Rozb.— A.S. syl, syle, syU, basis, 
fuldmentum ; Su. Q. syU, ftmdamentum cuJisivis rei. 

OYMMINQ, CuMTiowa, Cummwo, s. 1. A laige ob- 
long vessel of a square form, about a foot or eighteen 
mches in depth, used for receiving what worics over 
from the masking -fiit or barrd, Loth. 2. A small 





tub or vooden tmmI, Anf . fllii. UmA m ^fDon. 
with Bowie. 

OTNDI&K, 9. A larm d«nolloff tan flvlne. Jbrml 

CYPRUS CAT, ACfttof three eolonrt, as ef blAok. bnnni, 
and white, 8. Tortdee-diall ca^ B. Aett Jo, VI. 

CIRCnAT ABOUT, encircled ; ■wronnded.— Vor dr- 
cuU ; Vr. id. ; Lat. circmU-iU. 

CIRCULTB, adv. Circularly. Aberd. JUg. 

To CIBOUMJAOK, «. «. To agree to, or correepond 
with, W.« l4>th. A term moil probablj borrowed 
ttom law deeda. — Lat ektumioo-on^ to lie reond or 

To CIRCUMTINB. CnMUMTim, m. a. 1. Toenrlron. 
BeUendm. S. To eireamTent Attt Jo. V, — Im- 
mediately from Lat. e <r c i i« e < n ir e, like Kr. draeftMH- 
<r, which are need in both theoe eenaea. 

CT8TEWS, ». fi. OisterelaB nonka. — ^Tr. Oidam. 

CirSYAN, OiSTOTAS, 4. A dtlaen.— fr. cttofe». 
■ff rflcmfcw - 

CITHAB8T, i. The harp. Houtaie. 

CITHXRAPIS, t. ft. The traeea bj which a ploqgh 
ia dmwn in Oxkney ; Iheatt, tk«te», synon. 8. Agr. 
Aero. Grki^ 

CITHOLIS, t. A mnalcal Inatroment. SouUUe.'-L. 
B. eiiokt ; Wx. eitole, an instmment with chords. 

CITINXR, CinviB, t. A ciUaen. Aott Jo. VI, 

CIVIS, ». pL. A misnomer for an <dd Xngllsh penny. 

CLAAICK, Clawick, t. 1. The state of baring all the 
corns 4m a fttnn reaped, bot not inaed, Aberd. Banff. 
2. The antomnal feast, or Harrest-Home, Aberd. ; 
synon. Maidem. When the habrest is eariy finished, 
it is called the JraMm CUuMk ; whon late, the Oir- 

CLAAIK-SHBAV, CLTAOK-SHHAr, #. The Maidat, or 
last handfnl of eom ont down by tho xeapers «n a 
fturm, Aberd. 

OLAAICK-SUPPXB, Cltack-Sotpsb, «. The feast 
giren about thirty years ago, on the cutting 4lown of 
the oom on a flinn ; now, that the entertainment is 
deferred till the .crop be inned, rather inaoeorately 
transfertod to tho feast <rf Harvest-home^ ibid. 

CLAAR, 9. A large wooden TesssL €fla$i-AtHi^^ 
Gael, elar, a board, troqgh, Ae. 

OLACHAN, CLAuounra. «. A small TiUage, border- 
ing on the Highlands, la which there is a paiiih 
chnreh, B. Bsewhere, it is called tho kMt4o9m. 
AU9 Jo. F/.— From Oaet dadkan, "a dnde ot 
stones ;" as churches were oRcted In the aame plaoes 
which, in times <f heatheniwn, had bean conseomted 
to Druidieal worship 

OLAOH-COAL, s. The term formerly, if not still, gire o 
in the district of Kyle, to^kuidlo-ooal ; caUed Par- 
rei-ooal in Garricfc and elsewhere. •> If not from Gael, 
doe, a stone, q. stono-ooal, like Belg. 9tem-hooUn ; 
perhapa allied to Tent JdoOe-eH, lid. Uak<^ 
daogere, as referring to the noise In burning ; as it 
seems, for the same reason, to be designed jPsrrol-eDaX. 

To CLACHXR, CtiOBia, o. n. To more onwards, or 
get along with dKBcnltj, and alowly, In a clumsy, 
trailing, loose manner. Loth. 

OLACHNAOUIDIN, t . The stone of the tidw«r cnMte; 
a stone at the nuuketiilace of laremess, on which 
the serrants rested their tubs In carrying water from 
the rirer. Benee, CkuktuuMtdln Iad9 amd Iossm, 
natlTM of Inremesa. fb drimk dadmaaUdim, to 
drink proupcilty to the town of InTomesa. 

• CLACK, f . KxpL ** slanderous or impertinent dis- ' 

oourse." 01. Skin^. Aberd. 
CLACK, f . The clapper of a mill, 8.~Tent Uaok. 

sonora perensslo. 
CLADAGH, t. Talk. Y. Cliitaoh. 
CLASS, ^. aothes. Y. CLArra. 
OLAFV, 9. The cleft or part of a tree where the 

branches separate, Galloway.— Su. G. kU^ioa, rup- 

tura ; Isl. kk^, fosmorum interoapedo ; from Hffm^ 

CLAVFIB, adj. IMswdered ; as, doJBU ImW, disher- 
elled hair, BerwIdEs. Perhaps q. baring one lock or 
tuft separated fh»m aaothex.— IsL JU]/, flndo^ dlllindo^ 
hiafix^ flssus. 

CLAFFIB, f. A slattern. Ibid. 

CLAG, CLAoa, i. 1. An encumbrance, a burden lying 
•n property ; a forensic term. S. DMom. 3. Charge ; 
impeachment of ^aiacter; fisnl^ or imputation of 
one, S. JSitam.— Tent Idagke, aocnaatlo; Dan. 
Uo^ a complaint, a grlerance. Or, perhaps, rather 
from the same origin with X. dUtg ; q. what lies as a 
ele9 on an estate. 

CLAG, 9. A clot ; a coagulation, 8. ; as, '* There was 
a great doa o* dirt sticking to his ihoe."— IsL kUggi, 
massa oompacta aUeiOus rel, Haldorson. 

2b CLAG, «. a. To obstraet ; to corer with mud or 
any thing adhesiTe, & fToUoes. CUtg, H. "The 
wheels are a' dao9<^ wl' dirt"— Dan. ftku^i tIscous, 
glutinous, sticky ; IsL iUeoi^, massa oompacta. 

CLAGG Y, od$. Unetuous ; adhesire ; bespotted with 
mire. Y. the «. 

CLAGGIU, t. A preparation of treaded sold to chil- 
dren ; q. clag him. Aberd. 

CLACK}INXSS^ 9. AdhesiTsness in moist or mliy 
substances^ S. 

CLAGGOCK, s. <* A dirty wench," GL Sibb. A dag- 
gletaiL XyiMbay. 

CLAHYNNHB, Claohiit, s. dan or tribe of people 
liring in the same district TTynlown.— Gael. Ir. 
eTan, id.; Iloes. G. JdoAaim, children. 

CLAYCHT, s. Cloth. Ahtrd-Btg. 

CLAYXBS, Cltbbs, t. jil. A disease in cowa» slmlhur 
to Glanders in horses, Boxb. Y. CLTsfts. 

CLAYIS, 9. pi. Clothes, S. Y. Claith. 

To CLAIK, 9. n, 1. To make a clneklng noise, aa a 
hen doe% especially when proroked, 8. S. To ery 
Inoessantly, and Impatiently, for any thing, 8. 8. 
To .talk a great deal In a trivial way, 8. ; to doofe, 
B. i. To tatUe ; to report ailly stories, 8.— Isl. 
Uflb-o, olango, avium vox propria, kUtdt-a, to prattle; 
Sn. G. Uadti reproach. 

CLAIK, 9. 1. The noise made 1^ a hen, 8.— Isl. klak, 
vox avium. 8. An idle or fUse report, 8. Jforisim. 

CLAtK, Ci.AKa, 9. The bemade. Anas Brythropus, 
(mas.) Linn. £eltaMlm.-~It seems to have been 
siypceed that this gooss reeifived its name from Its 
daikf or the noise which it makesL 

CLAIK, 9. A female addicted to tattling, Aberd. 

3b CLAIK, V. a. To bedaub or dirty with any adhe- 
siTe substance, Ahead. " ClaOtU, besmeared." Ol. 

CLAIK, s. A quantity «f any dirty, adhealTe sub- 
stance. Ibid. 

CLAIKIB, Qdj. Adhesive, sticky, dauby, id. 

CLAIKRIB, 9. TktUIng ; gemiping, 8. 

CLAYMORB, s. 1. Used for a two-handed sword. 8. 
Tho common baaket-hilted broad-sword worn by 
HighlandeiB, 8. This has long been the appropriate 
Mgnifieatioa.— QaaL stoidoaiA mer, liteialty "the 





greit •wind.*' Ciaidamk te trlde&tly the Munewoid 
wltli Ir. eUHdOUav, O.B. kUO^n, Armor. UacO, id. 
Hence, bIm, ft. §Miv% and X. 0faee. 8a. G. «!«/- 
ipen, ano. 9ki<f, lancea, most b« Tieired u radiOKUy 
the iam« ; as well as Alem. pl^, ^lev, Teat fiowbiAc. 

GLA.IP, c, The clapper of a oilll. Y. Clap. 

flbCLiJK, «. ». To leaich by mking-or aeratohinff, 
Benrioka. To doit fat^ aod to doit mU^ are ooed 
ayaoujiuoosly, iUd* 

CLAIR, <u(/. 1. Disttnct ; exact, S.B. Bott.-^Wr. dubr, 
erident, manifest ; Imt. eUuvt. S. Baady, praparad, 
8.B.; otar, Oxkn.— Dan. Uor, id. Pmme aa ik . 

T» CLAIR, «. a. To beat; to maltreat Folwart 
CUarinot is ased metaph. both for soeldinv and for 
beating, Clydea. 

CLAIRSHOB, «. A araaioal Instrument, leaeinh li n g 
the harp, of which the strings are made of braaa win. 
—It Is this, perhaps, that Is called llie Clmdm Pij^ 
q. T. V. also Claebshaw. 

OLAIRT, Olobt, t. 1. A qoantity of any dirty or de- 
filing sabstaaoe, Aberd. %. Applied to a woman who 
Is habitually and extremely dii^, ibid. 8. Any 
largo, awkward, dirty thing, lUd. Trom CLart, 

To CLAIBT, o. «. To bo employed in any dirty work, 

1>> CLAIRT, v.m. To lay on any smearing s o h stsnor . 

CLAI8B, Clothes. ▼. Claith. 

CLAISTBR, s. 1. Any sticky or sdhedve composition, 
Boxb. 2. A person bedaubed with mire, ibid.— Un- 
dotd>tedly, from a common origin with Isl. M<itr, 
Dan. kliiter^ gloten, latum, Su. Qt. Uitter, id. 

To CLAISTER, o. a. To bedaub, ibid. 

CLAITH, Clattb, t. Cloth, 8. ; Wostmorel. Mp. 
Hamiltoun, Clait, daiae, daa, 8. pi., Westmorel.; 
also, CWsi6.— A.8. cfotl, doth ; daOUh Ist, So. O. 
kUudej clothes. 

CLAITH nor WAmr. A prorertrtal expression, appar- 
ently signiQring neither cloth in the piece, nor doth 
made into gannents. PkUotm. T. Waitb, s. 1. 

CLAITHMAN, «. The dd designation for a dothier or 

To CLAIYXR, v,u. To talk kUy or fooUsUy, T. 

CLAM, adj. Mean ; low ; applied to any action idkioh 
is reckoned unworthy. This is a TSiy common 
school tenn in Bdinbucgh. — As being properly a 
SGhod'>boy*s word, it may hare originated in the use 
of the Lat eknit, as primarily applied Is any thing 
which was dandesUnely done, or wUoh the pl^»{ls 
wished to hide from their preceptor. Bat T. 

CLAM, Claum, ad(j. 1. Clammy, B.— Belg. Umn, id. 
8. Moist fee is said to be dam, or lather dcnun, 
when beginning to melt with the aun, or otherwise, 
and not ea^ tobe slid upon, 8.— Tout klam, tonax, 
et humidos. 

CLABI, Clam-Shsll, s. 1. A seallop^dl, 8. Ostrea 
opercnlarls, Unn. Sibbaid. — Probably from O. Vr. 
doMie, a pilgrim's mantle, as these shells were worn 
on the cape of their mantles, or on their hats, by 
those who had made a pilgrimsge to Falestine, as a 
symbol of their having crossed the sea. 2. In pi. 
*' a wild sound supposed to be made by goblins In the 
air," Upp. Clydes. Saint Patridt. 

To CLAM, Clauic, v. n. To grape or grasp tnog i eo t a ' 
ally, Ayrs. 0aK.— This may be merely a pro^rindol 
foiiety of oiotnn, q. t. It may, howores, healliadto 
Id. He m rnot ooarctare, compinvare. 

^^^BB^»WlB^B^ m fla^B^B 

CLAMAMCT, f. The oiten^ of any oaae aristng f^m 
necessity, 8. 

CLAMANT, a4/. Havfnt a powoif d plea of necessity; 
as, ** This is a veiy damcMt case, 8. 2. Highly 
aggrarated, ■» as to cdl alond for 
M*Wtar^ Oonlndimoi.—rr. 
IMS, crying oat 

CLAMEHBWIT, CLAw^n-nnwrr, t. 1. A stsdw ; a 
drubbing, & Ferguion. 2. A misfOrtime, Aug. ; 
q. elate my Aeoed, or head, scratch my Imad, an 
Ironical expiesston. 

CLAMTNO, dimblng. Aberd. Beo^ 

CLAMJAMPHIRB, CLAXjAxniiB, s. 1. A term osed 
to denote low, worthless people, or those who are 
viewed in this light, 8. Ony Jfonnertnv. 2. fie- 
qnently used to denote the purse^rood rnlgar, who 
affect airs of state to Chose whom tfaey consider ns 
now far bdow themselves in rank ; viewing them as 
mere canaiUe. 8. Clamjan^fry is used in Tevlotd. 
in the sense of trumpery ; as, *' Did yow stop till the 
roup was done?" " A' was sell'd but the 
jamfry.'* 4. Nonsensical talk, West ef Fife. 
joMfh is sometimes used in the same sense with 
danjam^pkritt in the hif^Mr parts of Lanarks., «a if 
it were compounded of dan^ and the w. to /asqifc, to 
spend time idly, or^astpler, q. "the clan of {dlers.** 
The termination may be viewed as expressive of 
abundance. V. Jasiisi^ and Ric, RT| termina- 

To CLAMP, CLAMPsa, w. n. 1. To make a noise wlft 
the shoes in walking, 8. 2. To crowd things to- 
gether, aspLeoas of wooden furniture, with 

CLAMP, 0, A hearvy Isotstep or tread. 

2^ CLAMP wp^ Clampse, «. a. 1. Co patch ; to make 
or mend in a clumsy manner, 8. Ckron. S. Pod. B. 
Industriously to patdi up accusations. — Qonn. 
Mempem, metallnm malleo tundcte; JelestpsMr, one 
who patches up toys for children. 

CLAMPER, «. 1. A piece, properly of some metallic 
substance, with which a vessel is mended ; also that 
which is thus patched op, 8. 2. Used meteph. as to 
argumente formerly answered. Jf. JElrMOB. 8. A 
patched up handle for criminatieo.— Id. Moaqpi, 
fibula; Ckcm. kUmptr-n signifies to beat metal ; the 
idea Mems to be, " something to hammer at** 

OLAMPBT, f . A piece of Iron worn on the fove^part 
of the ade of a shoe, for fendng it, Boxb.— Tout 
Uampe. reUnaodum ; or Iriosips, solea lignea. 

CLAMPERS, s.^. A soit of pincers used for oaiferat- 
ing bulls and other quadrupeds, Boxb. Oloaar. 
aynon. " damps, andirons, Noithnmb.; " Orose.— 
Teut Jblampe, uncus, harpago. 

CLAMP-KILL^ a. A kiln buUt of sods for Imxning 
lime, Cladcmannans. ; syn. LosMMi, Clydood. 8. 
A WU oloaipecl up in the roughed manner. 

CLAM8, t. pi. 1. Strong pincers used by ship-wrlghte, 
for dmwing huge nails, 8. B. 2. Pincers of iron em- 
ployed for castrating horses, bdls, Ac., Rmd». 8. 
A vtee, jenerdly made t>f wood, used by artlfloen for 
holding any thing fast 8. 4. The instrument, <re- 
sembUng a forceps, employed In weighing gold. 
;5]k<rr^<.— Belg. klemm-tnt aretere, to pindi ; Dan. 
kL vmmMJmn , a pair of nippers or pincers, from 
Uemm^r, to pinch ; ^Bw« irfawim<, to pfasoh, to 

CLANOLUMBHOGB, ad^, Sdky, Lanarin ; q. be- 
longing tothsdoMOf th«s who glvmak or look sour, 
y. Qluxsm. 




ouuM % nolM^ 8. 

CLA9B;«. 4 itaap bknr tbM 

Aniuay.— Teat MaMdk, daagor. 
roGLAMK,v.a. l.To8iT«aih«rpstrdk«,8. JT^iwe. 

Bor^. S. To take It Mftt bMtily, wad nlher boIbU/, 

To OLAUK damn, «. <k T» tkrov do«rii with ft ■brill, 

t ihArpnolBe. MeMtFiMS. 

lb CLANK dawn, v. «. T« rtt dourn la a h«xrl«d and 

noisy way, S. ITof'fl JN^ 
CI«A.KK, t. ▲ oateh ; a haity hold taken of my o^ 

Ject, 8. Olanohtf fjnoa. Sou. 
CLANNISH, a4j. f eeliag the forae of funily or na^ 

tlonal ties, 8. ; from dan. Heut of liid-Loth. It., S2. 
CLANNIT, Clauvbd, part pa. Of or belonging to a 

dan or tribe. Adt Ja. VI. 
CLANSMAN, «. One belonging to some partloiitar 

Highland dan. 8. Jaoobiie XUUa. 
CLAF ^ a MUlf a pleee of wood that nakei a noise in 

the time of grinding, 8. Oiapper, B. ItairM.— Fiis. 

Tdapptt Bdg. Ueiqw, orotslun, oropttaeBlna. 
CLAP AID HiPPtt, the symbols of investitiire In the 

property of a mill, 8. — *' The spnbds for land are 

eanh and stone^ for nills dtp and happetJ* Brik. 

To CLAP, «. a. 1. To press down. CE^vptt, pmrt. pa^t 

applied to a horto or other abimal that is modi 

flhrmik In the flesh after being gieatiy Iktigned ; mm, 

** h A aslr dttppO,"*--** hU oheeks were doflpU," i. e. 

collapsed, as It is expressed by medScsl men, 8. 2. 

To dap down daUe, to prepsko Ihien clothes for 

bdng manned or ironed, 8. 
To CLAP, 0. «. 1. To ooodi ; to Ue down ; genersUy 

applied to a hare in r^iard to Its form or seat, and 

conTeying the idea of the porpose ef conoeslment, 

Perth!. S. To lie flat, 8. V. Oorns-OLAP. 
Tiff CLAP, «. n. To stop ; to halt ; to tany ; as, dap 

ft fftift step In, and stop fbr a little, Vlfe. 
To CLAP THB Hkas. To commend ; conTeying the 

Idea of flattery, 8. Amuoy. 
CLAP, >. A stroke. JMUtdap, (he stroke of death. 

l^ffUei.— Bdg. Hepf a slap ; a box on the ear. 
CLAP, «. A mombnt; in a ciap, Instantaneonaiy. 

HaOIt^.— The idea Is adsp of the hand ; for Aand- 

dap is need, 8. B. 
CLAP qf Ae Ha»» The Tidgar dedgnatton for the 

QTOla, 8. Syn. P^p of the Boat, 
CLAP, «. A flat instrument of iron, veMmbllsg a boK, 

with a tongoe and handle, need for making praclama- 

tioDS throqgh a town, Instead of a dram or hand-bdl, 

a. ChronS. PMf.— Test h kp ptn , polaam^ aoftare; 

Bdg. Uept a dapper 
CLAPDOCK BREBCHXS, 8mall clothes made so tight 

as to €iap doie to the ftmardk ; a term oeeontng in 

letten of the reign of Cha. IL 
CLAPtf AN, «. A pnblle crier, 8.— Bdg. klapperman, 

a watdmttn with a dapper. 
CLAPPE, s. A stroke ; a disoomfitBre.— Bdg Jb^p, 

a slap, a box on the ear. 
CLAPPBB8, •. A thing formed to make a raltUng 

noise, by a collidon of ita parts, Aberd. Althotigh it 

has a pU termination. It is «wd as if slngnlar, a 

dappen, Bpi, iJUlp^ia, Xeams.— Tent, htappar- 

en, crepitare. 
CLAPPBB8, s. pi. Boles Intentioaally made for lab- 

bits to borrow in, dther in an open warren, or with- 
in an endosm«. ~Pr. dopier , id. ; 8a. O. Hmpsr, 

lapides mlnntl et rotondl. 
• 1^ CLAPPEBOLAW, «. ». Toflght at am^ length, 

to itrike a blow as a spider at ally, Aberd. 

OLAPPIT, 04^. Used In the sense of flabby, Aberd. 
' y. Cl4p, v. o. 1. To press down. 
OliAPSCHALL, «. Apparently oorr. from knapdeail, 

a head-piece. 
CLARE, ode. Wholly ; entirely, 8.' Douglae. 
OLARBMSTHBN. According to the law of Olanme- 
fkea, any person who claims stolen cattle or goods, 
is required to appear at certain places particularly 
appointed for this purpose, and prore his right to 
them, 8. fifecns.— Prom diars, dear, and meitt, a 
OLABBSCHAW, Clbbscbbw, f . A musical instrument 
resembling the harp. — Prom Qael. darteack, a harp. 
CLABOIB, Clsbot, ». XmdlUon. PrietU PebUs.— 

Pr. derQiCt id., from l*t derieut. 
To GLABK, V. a. To act as a scribe or amanuends, 8. 

V. OLaax. 
ToCLABT, V. a. Todlrty; tofbol; tobedaub with 

mire, 8. Clorf, Perths. 
CLABTl^ s. pi. Dirt ; mire ; any thing that defiles, 8. 

CLARTT, adj. 1. Dirty ; nasty, 8. MaiHnnd Poem, 
Clortif, Perths. Clairtjf, Aberd. 2. Clammy, dafdtyy, 
sdhedTO, Aberd. CZarf, to spread or smear. Clarty, 
ssftearedf A. Bor. 
To CLASH, V. IS. 1. To talk idly, 8. CUkmd. 2. To 
ttttle-tatae ; to toU tales, 8.— Genu, ktaitehen, id., 
Oakhere^t idle talk. 
CLASH, 9. 1. Tittle-tattle ; pmttle, 8. Satan's Invie. 
World, 2, Vulgar fame ; the stoiy of the day, 8. 
Bnmt, 8. Something learned as if by roto, and re- 
peated in a careless manner ; a mere paternoster, 8. 
To CLASH, V. a. 1. To pelt ; to throw dirt, 8. Pun- 
bar, 2. To strike with the open hand. Loth. Fife. 
8. To bang a door, or shut it with Tiolence ; as, " I 
datk*d the dore in his fSue,** Boxb. Slam, A. Bor. 
—Tent. Jdete-en, resono icta TCdMiare ; Dan. Jdatek- 
«r, to flap. 
CLASH, t. 1. A quantity of any soft or moist sub- 
stance thrown at an otject, 8. Oalt. 2. A dash ; 
the act of throwing a soft or moist body, 8. 8. A 
blow ; a stroke.—Germ. Uoteh, id. 4. Clash o' loed, 
any thing completely drenched with water, Ayrs. 
To CLASH, V. n. To emit a sound in striking, South 

of 8.— Cknn. kUUsA-en, Cum sono ferire, Wachter. 
CLASH, f. The sound caused by the fkll of a body ; 
properly a shaip sound, 8. Ckmk, sjnon. Sob 
CLASH, t. 1. A hei^ oi any heto'OgeneouB sub- 
stances, 8. 8. A large quantity of any thing.— IsL 
kUue, rodis nexusa, quasi oongdatio ; Dan. iblose, a 
bunch, a duster. 
CLASH, Claisob, t. A caTlty of oondderable extent 

in the acdlTlty of a hill, 8. 
To CLASH ap, v. a. To cause one d^ect to adhere to 
another, by means of mortar, or otherwise. It gener- 
ally implies the idea of pr^jecUon on the part of the 
object adhering, 8.— Flandr. X:lest-en, afllgere. 
CLA8HXB, a A tatUer ; a tale-bearer, 8. Pideen. 
CLABHINO, part adj. OlTon to tatUing, 8. 
CLASHMACLAYER, t. Idle discourse, sUly talk. 

Aberd. Clisfc-sm-daefr. 
CLA8H-MABKBT, t. A tattler ; one who Is mudi 
glTon to gosdping ; q. one who keeps a markd for 
daskett Loth. 
OLASH-PISi; «. A ton-tale, Aberd. Apparently fhnn 




the ehfttlerfng propenalty of the magpie, at for this 
reason the Latixu applied to It the q>lthet oar- 
0LA8P8, i. jH. An inflammation of the terminaUon 
of the soblinfnal gland ; a disease of horses, Border. 
OLAT, «. Used as i^n. with dod. Z. Bosfd.— Tent. 

Uotte, Uttyte, id., gleha, masaa. 
To CLAT, CukUT, V. a. 1. To rake together dirt or 
mire, 8. 2. To rake together, in a general sense, 8. 
—fla. Q. kladdt fllth. 8. To scrape ; to scratch aoj 
thing together. Bwmt, 4. To aoenmnlate by grip- 
ing, or bj extortion, 8. TriaXa M. Lindtay. 
OLAT, Claut, g. 1. An instrument for raking to- 
gether dirt or mire, 8. 2. A hoe, as employed in the 
laboan of husbandry, 8. 8. The act of raking to- 
gether, as applied to property. 4. What is scnped 
together by niggardliness, 8. Bunu. 6. What is 
soraped together in vluLterer way ; often applied to 
the heaps of mire collected on a street, 8. Bob Bog. 

OLATCH, t. A sodden grasp atany ofeifect, Fife; ^ynon. 
OIoMcU, 8. 

CLATCH, 9. The noise cansed by the fall of something 
heavy^ Ettr. For.— Tent. JUete, Hefw, Ictns resonani^ 
Hett-tn^ resono ictn Teiberare. 

To CLATCH, V. a. 1. To danb with lime, 8.; J7ar2e, 
synon. 2. To close up with any adhesire substance. 
Isl. kLeote, UaU^ lino, obllno. 

CLATCn, «. Anything thrown for the purpose of daub- 
ing.— I»l. jkletfo, any thing that bedaubs. 

To OLATCH, Sklatcb, v. a. To finish any piece of 
workmanship in a careless and hurried way, without 
regard to the rules of art, 8. — Isl. Uos-o, to patch 
up, centones oonsners, to oobUe, Mas, nidis sn- 

CLATCH, t. 1. Any piece of mechanical work done 
in a careless way, 8. 2. The mire raked together 
into heaps on streebi or the sides of roads ; q. dotted 
together. Loth. 8, A dirty woman ; a drab ; as, 
**8he's a nasty" or "dirty dotek," Perths. Bozb. 
4. Used also as a contemptuous personal designation, 
especially referring to loquacity; as, "A clarerin' 
dotcA,'* a loquacious, good-for-nothing penwn, Bozb. 

OLATH, Claith, «. Cloth, 8. T. Claith. 

0LAT8, «. pi. The layers of Cat and Cta^t South of 
B.—Allled perhaps to C. B. dawd, a thin board, a 
patch ; or U. klettii massa compacta. 

To CLATT, V. a. To bedaub ; to dirty, 8. Clote, to 
daub, A. Bor. 

To CLATTER, «. a. 1. To pmttle ; to act as a ten-tale, 
8b JhaUmr. 2. To be loquacious; to be talkatlTO, 
8. 8. To chat, to talk fiuniliaily, &— TeuL Metter-n, 

CLATTER, i, 1. An idle w TSgoe rumour, 8. ffudoon, 
8. Idle talk ; frivolous loquacity, 8. /. Nieol. 8. 
Free and familiar conToraation, 8. Skirrtft, 4. ill 
datter, unciTil language, Aberd. 

OLATTER-BANE, s. "Tour tongue gangs like the 
daittr-hame & a goose's arse;" or "like the daUe- 
bane In a duke's [duck's] backside ; " qwken to peo- 
ple that talk much and to little purpose. Kdlg. 8. 
ProT. Both terms convey the same idea ; daik- 
banot q. dade-banet being evidently allied to Tent 
klade-m^ verbemre resono ictn. 

CLATTER-BANES. Two pieces of 5one or date placed 
between the first and second, or second and third 
fingers, which are made to produce a sharp or eUttter- 
inp noise, similar to that produced by castanets^ 
Teviotd.— Perhaps from the tiattering sound ; or, 

faBBMdialely ftvm TeuL tdaier, defined by KUlaB, 
C rotaimn , Orepltacnlum, sistmm. 
OLATTEREB, «. A tale-bearer, 8. Xynibay. 
OLATTERMALLOCH, t. Meadow tiefoU, Wigtondklre. 
OLATTERN, s. A tottter ; a babUer, Loth. Amuoy. 
OLATTIE, adj' 1. Nasty ; dirty, & Claitjft id., Cnmb. 
Z. Bofd. 2. Obscene, Qydes.— Sn. G. JUodi, aordei^ 
tdadd-a Hg ned, se vestesque suas inqninare ; Belg. 
hladid-m, to daub, Haddigt dirty. 
CLATTILIE, adv. 1. Nastily, in a dirty manner, 8. 

2. Obsc enely, Clydes. 
0LATTINE88, t. I. Nastlness, 8. 2. Obscenity, 
Clydes.— Dan. Uodd-er, to blot, to blur, to daub, 
madt a blot, a blur, Idadderie, daubing ; Belg. Had- 
degat, a nasty girt, a slut. 
OLAUCHANNB, «. A vUlage in which there is a 

church, y. Clacbam, 
7b CLAUOHER vp^ 9. ». To use both hands and feet 

in rising to stand or walk, Upp. Lanarics. 
3b CLAUOHER «p, v. a. To snatch up ; as, ** He 
dau d kerU up the siller ;" he snatched the raon^ 
with covetous esgemess : ibid. V. Clavobt, pret. 
To CLAUOHER to or iiU, «. «. To move forwards to 
seise an otjeot of which the mind Is more eagerly 
desirous than is correspondent with the debilitated 
state of the body, lAuaiks. 
To CLAUCHT, v. a. To lay hold of forcibly and sud- 
denly ; formed from the preterite, tToooMIe Bdies. 
CLAUCHT, pteL Boatched ; laid hold of eagerly 
and suddenly. X>oivia«.— 8fl. O. klaa, nngnlbus 
velutl flzls pi^endere. This may be viewed as the 
pret. of the «. defk^ q. v. 
CLAUCHT, Claoozt, s. A oatdi or seisure of any 

thing in a sodden and forcible way, 8. Boee. 
CLATER, Olaoie, s. Clover, 8. Doualos..— A. 8. 
dai^ : Belg. kUutert id., from A. 8. deafan, to 
cleave, beoanie of the remarkable division of the 
leave s. 
To CLAYER, «. a. 1. To talk idly, or In a nonsnud. 
cal manner, 8. Fran, daiver. JZasuay. 2. To chat; 
to gossip, 8. Jforimm.— Oerm. Jdaffer, garrulus ; 
Oael. do&airv, a babbling fellow. 
CLAYER, Claivbb, «. 1. Frivolous talk ; prmttte, & 

Bamtap. 2. A vague or idle report The Pirate. 
CLAYER, t. A person who talks foolishly, Bozb.; la 

other counties Cflaverer. 
CLAYERER, s. An idle talker, & JZoUocfc. 
3b CLAURT, «. a. To seiape, Dnmfr. 
CLAURT, t. What is thus scraped, ib. Y. Clat. 
CLAU8URE,«. Anendosnre. AdeJa. VI. 
To CLAUT, Clawt, v. a. To rake together, Ac. Y. 

ClUT, 9. 

CLAUn-SOONB, t. 1. A species of coarse bread, 
made of oatmeal and yeast, Kinroa. 2. It is ftp- 
plied to a cake that is not much kneaded, but put to 
the file in a very wet state, Lanarfcs.— Tent JeM, 
Uoot, globus, massa I 

CLAX7TS, Clatts^ t. pi. Two short wooden handles, 
in which iron teeth wem fized at right angles with 
the handles ; used, befsre the introduction of m*- 
chinery, by the oonntry people, in tearing the wool 
asunder, so as to fit it for being spun on the little 
wheel, Rozb. B. Caedb. 

CLAW, ». A kind of Iron spoon for scraping the bako* 
board, Aug. — Teut leknNS-sii, scalpere, Uoinse, 

• 7^ CLAW, «. «. To scratch. This term Is owd in 
varions forms which seem peculiar to 8.—" FU gar 
ye dam whar ye dinna yonk." or "whar ye're no 





jovikte ;" the laogtage of thmtenlng, eqnltalent to 

*• I will glTe you a beating," or *• a bloir,'' 8. " T«rtl 

no da^o a tume kyte ;" spoken to one who has eaten 

a fuU meal, 8. 

To CLAW one'i bade. To promote one's Interests. Sou. 

To CLAW as auld num*tpov>. A rnlgar phtase, sig^ 

nifjring, to live to old age. It is often addressed 

negatiTely to one who Ures bard, T^U never «tow, 

Ac. 8. Pideen. 

To CLAW off, V. a. To eat with rapidity and voisdoiia- 

ness, S. HercPs CoU. 
To CLAW tip one's Mittens. T. Mnrns. 
To CLAY, Clay vp, v. o. To stop a hole or chink by 

any anctoons or Tiseous substance, 8. Ferffueon, 
CLEADFU*, cKi^'. Hattdsone^ In regard to dress, 

Buchan. Tcarrat. 
CLEAN, t. The secondlnes of a oow, S,— A. 8. ekMn, 

mnndaa Hence, 
CLBANSING, «. The coming off of the secimdlnes of 

a cow, 8. — A. 8. daene^nf mondare, purgare. 
CLEAN-BREAST. To maJce a d^an breatt of. 1. To 

make a full and ingennoas confession, 8. St. Ronan. 

2. Td tell one's mind roundly, 8. The Entail. 
CLEAN-rUNG, ado. ClcTerly. Shirr^i.—UL foeno 

is rendeand, facultalee. 
* CLEAR, adfj. 1. Oertaia ; assoied ; confident; pcsl- 

tiTe, Aberd. ; dair synon., Ang. 2. Determined, 

decided, resolute, Aberd. 
CLEAR, adv. Certainly ; used in affirmation, ibid. 
CLEAR-LOWING, adj. Brightly bamlng, 8. Lights 

and 8h<idou>i. Y. Low. 
CLBARY, t. Apparently, shaip or shrill aonnd. Jor 

eoMte Sdiet. 
CLEARINGS, «. pi. A beating. Y. nnder Glaa, v. 
CLEAYING, i. The division in the hmnan body fjnom 

the Of pubis downwards, 8. IZamiay. —Isl. Idqft to- 

momm intereapedo. Y. CLor. 
To CLECK, V. a. To hatch. Y. Clik. 
CLBGKER, s. A hatcher, & Y. Clsx. 
CLKCKIN, s. 1. A brood of chickens, 8. 2. Metaph. 

a family of children, 8. 
CLECKINBORD, Clbokbhbboo, s. A board for strik* 

log with at hand-ball, Loth. Bavibrod, i. e., ball- 
board, synon. — Isl. kUdcei leviter reibero. 
CLBCKIN-TIMB, s. 1 . Properly, the time of hatching, 

as applied to birds, 8. 2. The time of birth, as trans- 

fened to man, 8. Otty Manneting. 
CLECKIN-STANE, s. Any stone that separates Into 
. small parts by eacposnre to the atmosphere, Roxb. — 

Geim. kUck-en^ agere rimas, blare. 
CLED SCORE. A phmse signifying twenty-one In 

Dumber, 8. SUU. Ace. Q. dolhed with one in addition. 
2*6 CLEED, Clbith, v. a. 1. To clothe, 8. Bums. 

2. Metaph. applied to foliage. Ferguscm. S. Used 

obllqaely, to denote the patting on of annoor. Ads 

Mary. 4. To seek protection from. Spalding. 6. 

To heap. A ded bow, the measure of a boll heaped, 

Boxb. Y. Clkd Scobk. 
CLXD with a hud>andf married ; a forensic phrase. 

Cled wUh a ricAt, legally possessing a title, vested 

with it. Balf. Praet.—lti. 8n. G. klaed<i ; Genn. 

kleid-m ; Belg. kleed-en ; Dan. JUoed^er, to clothe. 
OLEED, Clbad, «. Dress, Buchan. Tarras. Y. 

CLEEDING, CLBAMiro, t. 1. Olotfaing; apparel, 8. 

Bamay. 2. A complete snit of clothes, Clydes.— 

Oenn. klddungf Id. 
CLEXKT, s. A cant tenn for a staff or aUok, crooked 

at the top, Loth. Bladno. Mag. 

OLBIPIB, Clbbft, ff. 1. A seTere blow ; pivpeily !» 
eluding the Idea of the contusion caused 1^ such a 
blow, or by a fall, Tweadd., Ang. 2. A stroke on the 
head, Orkn.— Isl. Uyp-^sr, duriore oompressione 
laedlt, nt liror inde existat Y. Cltpb, to fall. 

CLEBTIT, part, pa, Smadated ; lank ; in a state of 
decay, Lanaika 

CLEG, Glbq, s. a gad-fly ; a horso-fly. It Is pro> 
Bounced ifieg^ 8. B. ; deg^ Clydea., A. Bor., Id. Hndr 
son.~I>an. klaeg^ id., tabanaa 

OLEG-STUNG, adj. Stung by the gad-fly, & 

OLEIDACH, s. Talk. Y. CLirrACH. 

CLSIK, adj. Lively ; agile ; fleet, Loth. Y. OuQOH,a<^. 

To CLEIK, Clbk, Clbxx, r. a. L To catch as by a 
hook, 8. Basnsay. 2. To lay hold of, after the 
manner of a hO(A, 8. 8. To seise, in whatever way, 
whether by force or by fnud, 8. Lyndaay. 4. To 
deOe up, to snatch or pull up hastily, 8. 6. To deik 
«9, oUiquely used, to raise ; applied to a song. Peb- 
lis tothe Ploy.^Isl. hleik-ia, to bind with chains. 
To elicli; up, to snatch up. 

CLEIK, Clsc, s. I. An iron ho6k. Ads Jo. I. 2. 
A hold of any object, 8. 8. The arm, metaph. used. 
A. Iniooi. — Isl. JUaikr, ansa clitellaram, Medb-r, an 
iron chain. 

CLEIKT, adj. Beady to take the advantage ; in- 
clined to circumvent, 8. Bern. Nithsdaie Song. 

CLSIK-IN-THE-BACK, «. The lumbago or rheuma- 
tism, Teviotd. ; q. what takes hold of one as a hook 

To CLEIK THE CUN TIE. A vulgar phiaae, signify- 
ing, to lay hold on the money, 8. Wavsriey. 

CLElks, s. pi. A cramp in the legs, to which horses 
are subject. Montgcmerie. 

CLETNG. Perhape a dark substance. Sir Gawm 
and Sir Gal. 

To CIJBISH, V. a. To whip, Boxb. ; qrnon. Skdp, 
Clasht Fife, Loth.— Hence, It is supposed, the floti- 
tious name of tihe author of the Tales of my Land- 
lord, Jedidiah deiikbotham, q. flog-bottom.->Teut 
klds-en, resono ictu verberare. 

CLEI8H, «. A lash ftom a whip, Ibid. 

CLEIT, t. A cot-house ; Aberd. Be^.— Gael, death, a 
wattled work ; eteite, a penthouse. 

To CLEIT ACH, Clttaob, Cltdioh, (gutt.) o. n. 1. 
To talk in a strange language ; particulaily applied 
to people discoursing In Gaelic, Aberd. 2. To talk 
Inarticulately, to chatter; applied to the indistinct 
jargon uttered by a child, when beginning to speak. 

CLEFT ACH, CutiDiCH, s. Talk, discourse ; especial] j 
used as above. Ibid.—-" Cleidadij discourse of any 
kind ; particularly applied to the Gaelic language." 
Gl. Bhirr«ft.—Thls word Is undoubtedly Gothic ; Isl. 
klida conveys an Idea perfectly analogous. 

CLEITCH, Clsitb, s. A hard or heavy toil, Ettr. For. ; 
synon. doit.—Vot etymon see Clatdit s. 

To CLEK, Clbkb, v. o, 1. To hatch ; to produce 
young by incubation, 8. Bdienden. 2. To bear ; to 
bring forth, 8. Douglas. 8. To hatch, as applied to 
the mind, 8. Bamsay. 4. To feign. Maitland 
Poems.— €ti. G. Uaedc-a; Id. iUefc-ia, exclodere 
CLEK A NE-WITTIT, adj. Apparently, feeble-minded ; 
childish ; having no more wit than a chicken when 
cleeM, or batched.— Isl. Idohrt however, signifies 
mollis, inflrmus. 
CLEKBT, s. The tricfcer of an engine. Bafbour.-~ti 
didut, the knocker of a door ; Fr. diqust. Id. 





CLSH, a4/* 1. Mmn ; low ; tcarvj; 9^ a cUmwtan; 
A pAltjy fellow, Loth. 2. Not tnutworUiy ; onprin- 
cipl«d, Bozb. 8. Used by die High School bOTS of 
Xdiaboigh in tho weaat of onrioiiB, •ingobur ; a clem 
/(Mow ; % queer fish.— Jsl. Xeleino, macalA ; UHmpO, 
auevbure ; q. haTing a ahancter thai Ilea oader a 
stain, y. Clam. 

To CLEIC, V. a. 1. To eiop a hole bj compreisinc, 8. 
2. To stop a hole bj means of lime, day. Ac. ; alio 
to dem upt 8.— A. 8. eleam^nt id. 

CLSUEL, CLmiisL, «. Xxpl. steatite, Orkn. "Asoft 
stone, commonly named Clemel, and fit for moulds, 
is also among those whloh this island affords.** P. 
Unst., BtaL Aoo. 

CLEMlis, i. Abbrer. of CUmentina, 8. 

To CLENCH, V. n. To limp ; the same with CUsuA. 
Metton'i Poemt. 

CLBNCHIS-riT, «. A club-foot, Mearas. 

OliKNGAR, $. One employed to use means for tiio re- 
ooveiy of those affected with the plague. Aberd, 

To CLSNGB, V. a. 1. LiteiaQy, to cleanse. Aberd, 
Beg. %. Legally to exculpate ; to produce proof cf 
innocence ; a forrnsto tenn oorr. firom the B. t. to 
deatue. AcU Ja. VI. 

To GLBP, CLBFa, «. a. To call ; to name. WaUaee. 
— A. 8. deop-an, djup-ion, Tocare. 

CLEF, «. A mcne solemn form of citation, used espe- 
cially in criminal oases. Sketie. 

To OLEP, V. n. X. To act the tell-tale, 8. JZamsay. 
2. To chatter, to prattle ; especially as implying the 
idea of pertness, 8.— Belg. Miipp-cn, to tattle, to 
betray. This term, however, seems to hare been 
of general use, as common to Ooths and Celts. Per 
C. B. d^^-iam, signifies to babble, and elqwii, also 
dUpiwr, a talkative gossip, a babbler. Owen. 

CLSP, s. Tkttle ; pert loquacity, 8.— Belg. ydde kk^ 
idle chat. 

CLBPIE, t. A tattler, genemlly applied to a female ; 
as, " She's a derer lass, but a great dipUf" Teriotd. 
This is merely Tent, klofpejfej garrula, lingulaca, 
mulier dicaz. KUian. 

CLEROT. y. Claboii. 

To CLERK, Clark , v. n. To act as a elerX; or amanu- 
ensis to another, 8. 2. To compose, 8. J2o6 JBoy. 

CLBEK-PLAYU^ t. pi. Properly, those theatrical 
representaUcms the sabiects of which were borrowed 
from Scripture. CcMenoood. 

CLBT, Clbtt, i. A rock or diff in the sea, broken off 
firom the adjoining rocks on the shore, Caith. 
BrandPs Orhn. and 2ctf .— Isl. kUU-ur, mpes mari 

CLETJCH, Cliooh (fiuU.\ t. 1. A precipice ; a rug- 
ged ascent, 8. B. Hmcht sjnon. WaUaoe. — Ir. 
dotcke, a rock. 2. A strait hoUow between predpi- 
tous banks, or a hoUow descent on the side of a hill, 
8. Evergreen. — A.8. doughj rima quaedam yel As- 
sura ad montis cliyum Tel declivum. 

OUBUCH, a49. X. Clerer ; dexterous ; light-fingered, 
8. B. 2. Niggardly and severe in dealing, 8. B.— Isl. 
klek^^ calUdus, Tafer ; Cjknn. Wno^ id. 

CLEUCK, Clckb, Cldik, Clock, t. X. A daw or talon ; 
hyndeay ; pincers of a crab, Meams. 2. Often used 
in the pi. as synon. with B. duUM*. Seote Preib. 
Eloq. 8. Used flguratiTely for the hand. Hence 
eair-demdct the left hand, 8.B. Jforiioii.— Perhaps 
a dimin. from 8u. G^. JUo, Teut. JUainee, a claw or 

3b CLEUCK, CUVK, «. «. 1. Properly, to tfdtno, or 

to scratch with the claws ; as, " The catll deudk ye, 
an' yedinna take care," Aberd. 2. To gripe, to seise 
with yidence, Aberd. ForUe. 

CLBUfi and LAW, Higher and lower part Barbour. 
-Clout seems to be the same with Oenn. Ueott A. & 
dt/, divua. 

To CLETER, e. n. To climb ; to scramble. A. Bor. 
id. Kin^e Qua<r.— Teut. Uaver-en, Ueoer-m, ova- 
sum reptare ungulbus fixis ; Isl. klifr^ id. 

CUeyBRUS, cM^'. Clever. y. Olkuch. 

CLEyiS, Leg. cleoir, C e., doTer. MaUland Poem. 

CLEyKKIS, t.pL Cloaks, manUes. 

*CLEW, «. A ball of thread. Winding ike hhuduei 
one of the rites used at Hallow-mas, in order to ob- 
tain insight into one's future matrimonial lot, 8. 
*' Steal out, all alone, to the kOn, and darkling, throw 
into the po< a clue of blue yam ; wind it in a new due 
off the dd one ; and, towards the latter end, something 
wiU hold the thread; demand, Wha haudef i.e., 
who holds f and an answer will be returned fh>m the 
kiln-pot, by naming the Christian [name] and sur* 
name of your future spouse." Bums. 

To CLEW, V. «. To deare ; to fksten. ITyiilotoii. — 
Teut. Uev-en, id. 

CLEWI8, Claws ; talons. DougUu. T, Clbvck. 

CLIBBER, Clubbbb, t . A wooden saddle ; a pack- 
asddle, Oaithn. Orkn. Statia. Aoc—JA. Uifberi, 
clitellae, firom klift flasoi^ sardna, and fteH, poita- 
tor, bearer. 

CLICHBN, Clxiohxx, {gvU.) s. Something, oompam- 
tirely speaking, very light, Teviotd.— This seems to 
be merely Teut. Ueye, hlijt, Su. G^. kli, fnrftir, palea, 
bran, chaff. 

CLICK-CLACK, t. Uninterrupted loquadty, 8. Prom 
B. dkk and clod;, both expressive of a shaip sue- 
cessive noise ; or Teut Mide-en, erepitare, fclod^cn, 
Teiberare resono ictu. 

To CLTDIOH, V. n. To talk inarticulately, to> chatter, 
y. Clbitach. 

CLIBTOGH, Cltotooh, f . The gravel-bed of a river, 
Dnmfir. — Celt deddiwig, a stone quarry, lapicidlna; 
or bedded with stones like a quany. 

CLTEB8, 9. pi. A disease affecting the throat of a cow, 
Dumfr. — Teut Vliere not only signifies a gland, but 
a disease of the glands. Agr. Surv. Jht^fr. y. Cltkb. 

CLTPT, CuFTS, «. This term, the same with B. 
d^ may be used as equivalent to thickness. Aett 
Ja. JII. 

CLIPT, i. The place where the limbs separate f^om 
the body, Aberd. ; Cleaving, 8ynon.~Ptom A. 8. 
tieofed, deafed, deft, the part pa. of deof-iant 
findere. ** JlkaUapmu to my di/t." 

CLIVT, t. A spot of ground, 8.~A.8. tHo'/'on, to 
cleave, because parted from the rest 

CLIFTT, a4j. Clever, fleet; appUed to a horse of 
a light make that has good action, Selkirks.— Prob- 
ably from Teut klyven, A. 8. dif-ian, eleqf-lan, 
findero ; as its fleetness may be attributed to its 
length of limb. 

CLIPTIE, ad^j. Applied to fuel which is easily kindled 
and bums briskly, Clydes. 

CLIPTINESS, i. The quality of being easily kindled, 
induding that of buming brightly, ibid. -Perhaps 
fhmi A. 8. klyft, a fissure ; because what is easily 
doven, or has many fissures, is more apt to kindle 
and blase than solid wood. 

To CLIMP, V. a. To hook, to take hold of suddenly ; 
as, "He dimpit his arm in min^" Fife.— Teut 
hkmp-en, haipaglne apprehendere. 




To (UMP «p) •. a. To catch op by k qoidc noT»- 

meoty Fife. Henoe, 
OUMPT, a4i' A dimpg ereater«, applied to one dle- 

poMd to pailoln, ibid. 
3b CLIMP. V. n. To limp, to halt, Bfctr. For. 
To CLt^CH, CLTmoH, «. n. 9o> limp, 8. Dom^. 

—So. O. iMift-o, elaodicare. 
CLINCH, 9, Ahaltt & A, WU$on*M Poemt. 
* To CIJNG, V. ft. To Bhrink in ooneeqnenoe of heat ; 

a term applied to TesielB made with staree, when the 

staTes eeparate from each other, 8. OHaen, qrnoa. 

—A. & dinoat^ maroeecere. 
CLING, t. The diarrhoea in Aeep, Loth. Boxb. — 

Perhaps fkom A. 8. difH^-on^ maiceecere, ** to pine, 

to ding, or ahrinlc np.** Somner. 
2b GUNK, 0. a. 1. To beat smartlj, tostrtke with 

anart blowg, Aberda—Tent U^cfee, alapa, colaphos. 

2. Tomilte two pieces of metal 1^ hammering, 8. 

San. kUnk-er, Id. from UMbe, lamina. S. Todaqi^ 

Aberd. Tanxu, 4. Used improperly, as signifying 

to mend, patch or Join ; in reference to dress, Ang. 

JBoei's BoeXr, Ac. Y. Banw. 6» fb eUnk a naU, 

"to bend the point of a nail on the other side;" 

synon^ with B. dindi. Belg. Uimk-tn, "to Ihsten 

with naUs, to dttuh," Sewd. 
CLINK, s. A smart stroke or blow, 8^ ^omiUoii.^ 

TeuLJUindke, Id. ; alapa, coiaphns. 
CLINK, i. Money ; a cant term, 8. J?iinit.— From the 

sonnd ; Tent klintk-en, tinnlre. 
CLINK, i. A woman who acts the part of a tale- 
bearer, Laaarks. 
To CLINK, «. A. A term denoting alertness In mannal 

operation, 8. 
To CLINK, V. a. To propagate scandal, Upp. Lanarks. 
To CLINK, V. n. To ily as arnmenr. li poed dinkin 

tkrougk the iown, 8. ; the report spread rapidly. 
To C LINK ON, V. a. To clap on. Aimfay. 
To CUNK ftPfV.a. To seiae any olject quickly and 

forciUy, 8.— If not radically the same with the t. 

deOe, with n Inserted, allied perhaps to Ban. Imdte, 

a chain, a link, q. ffdatdet. 
CLINKBB, s. A tell-tale, Lanaiks.— I hesitate whether 

to Tlew Belg. Uinit-cn, to make a tinkling soond as 

the origin. The n. oi seems Intimately allied. 
Kl<kk-€i^ howerer, signifles to tell again, and JUA- 
fter, an Informer, 8eweL 
CLINKEB8, t. jrf. Broken pieces of rock ; Upp. I*- 

naiks.; apparently from the sound. 
CLINKET, pnt. " 8track ; " OL Antiq. 8onth of 8. 
CLINK-NAIL, ff. A naU that is dinched, ibid. 
CLINKUHBBLL, t. A cant term for a bellman ; fiwi 

the clinking noise he makes, 8. O. J9iinw. 
CLINT, f . 1. A haid or flinty rock. Gl. 8ibb. " tfUnti. 
Crerices amongst bare limestone rocks, North." GL 
Grose. 3. Any pretty large stone, of a hard kind, 8. A. 
8. The designation given to a rough coarse stone always 
first thrown off in cvrlifip, as bdng most likdy to 
keep its phure on the ice, ClTdes. CblL 4. dtiOi, 
pL Umlted to the shelres at the side of a river. 
CLINTSB^ s. The player of a dini in coiling, 

OLINTT, CLTirrr, a^, 8tony, Loth. DovoUu,^Bn, 

O. Uintf aoopolus. 
CLIP, i. 1. An appellation probably borrowed |tom \ 
a sheep newly shorn or dipped. Ewrtfreen, 3. A 
colt, the male or female foal of a mare ; Aberd. A cdt 
that is a year old. Budbon.— Gad. diobog denotes 
A colt, from which dip might be abbreviated ; and 
Tent. M^ptTf Is a palfrey, an ambling hone. 

To CUP, Cltt, «. o. 1. To embraee. Xing^o Quair. 
S. To lay hdd of in a forcible manner. DouoUu, 8 
To grapple in a sea4ght ITattaoe.— A. 8. dipp-om, 
dypp-4an, to embrace. 
To CLTPB, «. fk To lUl, Boehan, If earns. TarroM. 
— Perhaps from td^pp-emt sooare, resonare. CtoU, 
or Clyte, Is the term more genenUly need, EL 
CLTPB, «. AfUl,lbid. 

lb CLYPB, v.n. To act as a drudge, Aberd.—Id. 
Uif-iOf Mwlnas Imponere ; q. to make a beast of 
burden of one ; taip-a, torqaere^ M<p-tfi angostlae. 
CLYPB, t. A dmdge, Aberd. 

CLYPB, t. An i«Iy iU-shaped fellow ; as, ** Ye're an 
lU-ftufd djgM," Meams, Bncfaan.— Id. Idippi, maaaa, 
lynon. with Ban. Hump, with which corresponds our 
8. dtimp^ applied to a dumey fellow. 
3b CLYPB, «. «. 1. To be loquadoos ; to tattle ; to 
prate, Bozb. Aberd. Ayis. % To act as a tell-tale, 
Aberd. *'To dfpe, <.e., talk fredy," Ayrsu GI. 
8arv. p. 601. The same with dep, bat more nearly 
resembling A. 8. dfp-4an, loqol. Hence, 
CLYPB, f. A teU-tals^ Loth. Always applied to a 

female, Clydcs. 
OLYPBB, 9. A tdl-tale ; nsed more generally, as ap- 
plied to dthersex, Clydes. 
CLIPFA8V, t. " An impudent gizl." Ayrs. GL Borv. p. 

CLIPHOU88, a. A honse in which lUse money was 
to be oendemned and dipped, that it might be no 
longer corrent Ado Jo. F/. 
CLYPIB, k A loquacioos female^ Clydes. V. Cuppia, 

and Clbpii. 
CLYPIB, «|j. 1. LoqoadoQSb Loth. 2. Addicted to 

tettling, ibid. Y. Clip. «. 
CLYPOCK, t. A fUl. FoegTelkeoa dfpodc, I wiU 

make yon iidl, Ayrs. Y. GLaana. 
CLIPPABT, t. A talkative woman. Y. Clippib. 
CLIPPIB, «. A talkative woman, 8. GL 8lbb.— From 

Tent JUe|pt,dicaz, or the B. v. dip, 
CLIPPYNBT,«. 1. ''^An impidentgirl." Ayrs. GL Snrv. 
8. A talkative woman ; synon,with (Hippie^ lanarics. 
-^t may be observed, that this nearly resembles 
Tent. UoppmUtf crotslos, homo loquuc, sonora ad- 
modnm et tlnnnla voce proonncians ; Kilian. 
CLIPPING-TIMB, f. The nick of time, & Antiquary. 
CLIPP8, Cuppis, s. An edipse. Bannatffne Poemt. 
CLIPS, jpret. v. Soffers an ecllpee. ComplayiU SooL 
CLIP8, 0. pi. Stories ; fUaehoods, Ayrs. 
CLIPS^ CUPPTS, 0. pi. 1. Gmppling-irons, nsed in a 
sea-fight fFoUooe. 2. An instrument for lifting a 
pot by its ears, 8. ; or for caring a barrel. Jiaauay. 
It Is also used in rdation to a girdle. 8. Hooks for 
catching hold of flih, B. B. Stat. Aoc 4. A 
wooden instrument for pulling thistles out of stand- 
ing com, Ayrs. CfL Pideet^ 
CLIPS, «. III. " Shears f GL Buns, 8. 0.—Isl. klipp- 

ur, id., fofflces, kUpp^ tondere. 
CLIP-8HBAB8, «. The name given to the eai^wig, 
Loth. Fife ; apparently from the form of its feelers, 
as having some resemblance to a pair of ikearo or 
OLYRB, 0. 1. " A dure in meat," a gland, 8. Tent 
ktiere, id. 3. To leave no klyret in one's breast," to 
go to the bottom of any quarrd or grudge, 8. ** He 
has nae dfreo in his heart," he is an honest, upright 
man, Clydes. 8. Clyret in pi. diseased ^ands in 
cattie. Y. CLvaaa. 
CLYRBD, a4j. Having tumours in the fleah. C7e- 




"To 0LI8H, V. A. XxpL m rignUyinK lo np«at mi idle 

stOTj, Vife. Heoot, 
'0LI8H-CLA8H, «. Idl« dlaooane, bandied beekwaids 

end fonreidj^ 8. Appeieatty e redqilicefeion of 

dofft, q. T. 
.CLI8H-MA-0LAT«R, «. Idle dlaeoone, ttUj talk, 8.; 

& lov wont. J?fliti tay. 
J*o CLI8HMA0LAYSB, «. ». To be e^iged in idle 

dliooone, Ajn. fl^oU. 
«OLYTK, KLvn, adS, Splay-fBoled, BoXb. 
To OLYTE»«.«. TofUlheftTily, Loth. 
CLTTK, f . 1. A heni or heavy lUl, iUd. %. A lamp, 

Meenu. T. Ou)Tr. 
CLTTIB, «, A diminntiT* ftem Clyte, genendly ep- 

pUed to the Ikll of e chUd, Ibid. V. Olor, «. end «. 
CLYTRDB, t. fUth; offaoourlngi, & 
CLTTRIS-ICAID, t. A female eerrant employed in 

c arryin g off filth or reftieei Loth. T. CiAiraa. 
CUTTBR-OLATTBB, ocfv. A term oied to denote a 

raooesiioa of rattling Moonda, Domfr. Jf ayne** Sitter 

OLITTUMXATnB, f. Ule talk, bandied badEwards 

and forwarda, 8. Cldwud, Y. Clattie, ». and «. 
CLIYAOl, c. A hook for catching the bucket in which 

ooale are drawn np from the plt» Loth. 
CLIYYI]B,«. 1. A cleft in the blanch of a tree, BanfTs. 
2. An artificial deft in a piece <rf wood, for holding a 
nuh-Ught, ibid.— Bridently ftom So. O. Mt/W-o, to 
GLOA, «. Coarse woollen cloth, lale ef Bkye. Jltol. 

^oe.— Oad. do, law doth. 
CLOBBIRHOT, «. A dirty walker, one who in walking 
clogB himadf with mire, Ayn.— Gael, dobor, day, 
dirt, filth. 
CLOGB. Y.CLoai. 

To CLOCH, Glooh, Clovok, (^Mtt.) v.4b. Voeoagh 
fireqoently and fed>ly, Loth. ; obTioasly firom a com- 
mon origin with Cloeker. 
CLOCHARBT, «. The Sfeonechatter, 8. MotacOla 
nlbicoh^ Linn. SiaHit. ^ee.— Oael. dotdkran, Id., 
from tiokk^ a atone, and periiaps rtmm^ a song. 
Ta GLOGHBR, (guU.) «. fi. To eoqgh fireqaently,-with 
a laige deflozlon of phlegm, and copious expectora- 
tion, 8.— Gad. cloekar, wheeslng In the throat. 
To CLOCK, Clok, v. «. 1. To dock, to call chickens 
together. IhuoUu.—A. 8. cloee-ant Tent kloek^fi, 
glodre. 2. To hateh, to dt on eggs, 8. KeUf. 
CLOCK, Cluok, «. The cry or noise nmde by hens 
when they wish to dt on eggSi for the paipoee of 
hatching, Bozb. 
* CIXXJK, «. This may be Tiewed as the generic name 
for the different species of beetles, 8. Ookuh, wyma. 
8. B.— 8w. ktoek-a, an earwig. 
CIXX3K-BBB, t. A q>edes of beette. FUting goktA, 

CLOCKBR, «. A hen dtting on eggs, & B. 
CIX)CKIBDOW, Glokii-Doo, «. The pearl-oyster, 
found in riTers, Ayrs. Upp. Clydes. 8yDon. Hone- 

CLOCKING, t. 1. The act of hatching, 8. 2. Trans- 
feired to a yoong female, who is light-headed, and 
mther wanton in her carriage. Of such a one it is 
sometimes said, " It were an amows to gie her a gude 
dookin' in the water, to pat the doeWn' free her," 

GLOCKINQ-HBN, «. 1. A hen sttting on eggs, 8. A. 
Bor. Id. Bxpl. by Grose, '* a hen desirous of sitting . 
to hatch her eggs." Clmeking is also used in the | 


L Bor. S. A cantphnMeflbra 

past the time of chlldbearing, 8. 
OLOGKIiKDDIB» t. The Lady-bini, 8. O. Y. 

GL0GK8, Clovks, t. jrf. The rsfose of grain, lemain* 

ing in the riddle after sifting, Bozb.— Id. khJea, en- 

mnlns minor; the tonn being applied to the small 

heap of coane gnOn left in the centre of the riddle 

in the prooem of sifting. 
GL0CK8IB, oi^. Yiradoos, Lanaiks.— TeoL Uoedfc^ 

Uot dk - M imkktf, alaeiis, Uucktiak, festims, lepkliu. 
GLOB, 8. A dew ; as, " a dod of yam," Bomf^.— Id. 

Med, fdobns, spbaera. 
• To CLOD, e. A. In X. this r. signifies "topdtwith 

clods," Johns. In the 8oath of 8. it signifies to throw 

fmciUy, moat probably as one throws a cM. Owg 

To CLOD, 9.0. To Clod Land, to free it Ihnn dedt, 8. 

CLOD, f . A flat kind of loaf, made of coane wheatea 
flow, and sometimes of the flour of peai^ 8. Shirr^, 
Qo. naembliug a Ood of earth f 

CLODS^ a. pi, 8maU lalscd loares, baked of ooarae 
flour, of which three were sold for fire farthings.-— 
They hare disappeared with the Lugod nme, Loth. 

8in>oas' Cuioa. A kind of coane, brown wheaten 
bread, naed In 8elklrfc, leavened, and sorroonded 
with a thkdc crust, like lumps of earth. Lintemn 

GLOD-MXLL, «. A teige mallet for breaking the dedt 
of Uie field, eqieclaUy on clayey ground, beforo har- 
rowing it, Berw. AbenL 

GLOVY, f. 1. Aflssnroofanyktnd. 2. What ia other- 
wise 8. called the doaving. Xyndiay. — Lat. inter- 
capedo. 8. A deft between adjacent hills. Loth. 
A. The deft of a tree, or that part of it where the 
branches separate from each other, Loth.— Isl. U^^ 
8a. G. Uo/ioa, a fiasura. 

GLOFVIN, «. The act of dtting Idly by the fi.-e, Bozb. 
—Id. Uo/-at femora distondere, q. to stretch out the 
limbs ; or G. B. dVi aegrotas, dw]/, el^jfd, mor- 

GLOFVIN, f . The noise made by the motion of a shoe 
that is down in the heel,.or by the shoe of a hone 
when loose, Rozb. 

CLOG, Glooob, t. A small, short log ; a short cut of a 
tree ; a tiiick piece of Umber, 8. 

GLOGG AND, «. A tonn still used In Orkney to denote 
a particular portion of pasture-ground, whether oos»> 
mo»t$ or endosed, to which sheep or catUe have be- 
come attached in consequence of baring b^en aceoa- 
tomed to feed tiiero. Bairns Orkn, 

GLOICH, (guU.) *. A place of shelter ; the carity of a 
nick where one may dode a search. GiTen as syn. 
with Ihol, Ayrs. This is eridentiy the same with 

GLOIS, Gu»»8, a. A close ; an.alley. Aberd, Beg, 
CL0I8, ». A crown, i>tniala«.— Teut. Uos, globus. 
CL0T8, t. A ddstor. Jhuglat.—Teixt. leltiyse, clau- 

sun, loons clausas, L. B. diaa. 
GLOIT, s. A down, a stupid, inactiTe fellow, 8.— 

Tout. Uode, homo obtusus, hebes. 
To GLOIT, •. n. 1. To tell heavily, 8. HarnQton, 2. 

To squat down, Gdloway. " Cloittd^ squatted down, 

aat downt" Gl. Davidson.— Belg. Jbloto-en, to beat 

with noise. 
GLOIT, Glott. t. A hard or heavy fall, 8. 
GLOYT, f. "A heavy burden," Ayrs, Gl. Surv.— 

Teut. klod, globus, contus, hasta nautiea, leluyfe, 

gidm, maasa, dad, vcotora, sarcina. 




OLOIT, a. An Altemoon'i nap ; « tteta, Benfr. — 
OmI. Ir. eoUadkf ileep» rest 

To CLOITBB, V. n. To be enga^ in dlrtj woili ; 
naed equally in regard to what is moist, 8. — ^Teat. 
JfckMUer-en, macnlare. T. GLOimaft, and CLTraii. 

CLOITIBBT, «. 1. Work which is not only wet and 
nasty, bat slimy, Loth. Meams. 3. Filth or offals of 
whatever kind ; geneially conveying the idea of what 
is moist, or tends to defile one, S. Ilenoe, 

CLOITBBT-lf ARKST, t . The market in Xdinbmi^ in 
which the dTals of animals are sold. 

CI/)1TBBT-WIFS, «. A woman, whose work It'is tc 
remoTc tilth or refnse ; who cleans and sells offals, as> 
tripe, Ac., Loth. Y. Clttmb. 

Ta CLOK, «. «. To cluck. Y. CuKnK 

CLOLLB, t. Apparentty, skull. Sir Oawan ond 8<r 
€hl. " CM, the crown of the head, the skull," 
Owen ; CSM, pericranium, Davies ; Bozhom. — Germ. 
HmiAf ^omus^ 

To CLOMPH, Clamph. v. «. To walk In a dnll, heary 
manner ; geneml^ mid of one whose shoes are too 
bilge, Ettr. Vor. Synon. Cloff. Y. Clampie i^ 

CLOCK, 9. A claw or talon, Ac Y. Clbook. 

CLOOB, s. Atnmoor. Y. CLOum. 

CLOOT, s. The same with Clute. 

CLOOTIR, Clutii, t. A ludicroos designation glTcn 
to the Devil, mther too moch in the stylo of those 
who ** say that there is neitlier angel nor spirit ; " 
sometimes AvM Oaotie. 8. O:, Mcams. Y. 

CLOBT, «. 1. Any miry or soft sobstance^ especially 
that which is adhestTO and contaminating, 8. B. 3. 
The thick hannockt baked for die nse of the peasant 
tiy are denominated CZorti^ Bochan. 9. An inao- 
tire ill«dresBed woman, Meams. Hmoe, 

To CLOBT, «. a; 2V» oioi<'o«, to prepare taeai of this 
description, ibid. 

CLOBTT, a<(;. Dirtyi Y. Clabtt. 

CLOSB, §. 1. A passage ; an entiy, 8^ deee^ Doqglas. 
Amol. 2. An area before a house, Bozb. 8. A 
oonxt-yard beside a fkrm^ouse in which cattle are 
fed, and where strnw^-fte., are deposited, 8. 4t An 
endosure, a place fenced in.— Belg. Miijits, dau- 

* CLOSE, ode. Constantly ; always ; by • slight tran- 
sition flrom tlie nse of the term in E. ; "Do you' 
aye get a present when, yon gang to see your anntie f* 
'* Aye, dofe," Boxb. 

CLOSB BED. A kind of wooden- bed still much' used In 

the houses of the peasantrj, S. Y. Boz-bbd. 
CLOSBEYIB, Clozbbvib, 9. **TJU MaiU tioteevief" 

the whole collection, Glydes. 
CLOSE-HEAD, s. The entry of a blind alley, 8. Hearf 

€LOSEB,t. Tho act ef shutting Uf^E^flloiw^t. AcU 

CL08EBIB, C&aeBOVBTS, t. gi. Enclosures. DougUu. 
CL0SEBBI8, f . pi. Perhaps clasps, or hooks and eyes. 

O. Fr. dotier, custoi. 

* CLOSET, i. 1. A sewer. 2. A night-chair. Abtrd. 
Reg. — list oloara. 

CLOSTEB, ff. A doister, 8. 

To CLOTCn, «. a. and n. As Claichj q. v., Aberd. 

CLOTCH. s. 1. " A worn-out cart, shaking to pieces, or 

any other machine almost useless," 8. B. Ol. Bnnr. 

Maim. 2. "A person with a brokoi constitntlon,* 

ibid. This Is oTldently the same with dateft, q. v. 

8. A bungler, Aberd. 
CL0UOH|«. Apredpioe. Y. Clbdcb, 

CU)YE {of a mO]), «. That which separates what arer 
called the bridgeheads, 8. Y. Cloft. 

0IX)YE8, t. j4. An instrument of wood, which closes- 
like a Tioe, used by carpenters for holding their mws 
firm while they sharpen them, SL Y. Clopp. 

CU)UTS, «. pi. OUws. Do«0tat.--Sn. a Haa, pron. 
Uo^ a daw. 

To CU>UK, v.a,Tf» dnck as a hen, Clydes. Y. CijOOK, 
Clok, «. 

OLOUP, s. A quick bend in nvtlck, DtmfK 

CLOUPIB, «. A walking^staff baring tho head bent 
In a semidrenlar fbrmv ibid. ^ynon. Onimmi€-ataff. 
-T-C. B. tiopa, a dub or knob, diepo, %■ club at the 
emhof a stick ; Teut-Uifgwl^ stipes* fnstis, baeulus, 

CLOLn>IT, j»p<. a4/. HaTing the head bent in a 

' semicircular form ; applied to-a walking-staff, Ibid. 

To CI/)UB) Clowe, v. o. 1. To cause a tumour, 8. 
JKomsay. 2. To produce s^dlmple, ■&» Foetm Bwkan 

CIXXTB, f. 1. A bump ; a tnmoopf In consequence of 
a stroke or flOl, 8. S. P. Bepr; 2. A dint caused 
by a blow, & 8. A stroke, Bord.' Gug Mannering. 

CLOL'SB, Clubb« t. A sluioe, 8. AcU Jo. JY.—Yt. 
eduse, id. Arm. dews, a ditch*. 

To CLOUT, vr a. To beat ; to strike ; properly with 
the hands, 8. 9 tiitmo n — Tent JUoCi^eft, pnlsare. 

CLOUT, s. 1j A cuff ; a blow, 8. JBOtois. 2. Itis used 

• to denote a drubbing, a defeat 

To Fa' Clout. To ftjl, or come to the ground* with 
oonslderafale force. To come with a doiiM, synon., 

CLOW, Cldwb, ff. 1. The spice called a dove, 8.— 
Fr. dovkt id., as Jotms. Justly obseryes, fh>m its simi- 
litude to a nail. 2. One of the buninao of a head 
of gsxlic, 8. ; like doot, B. 8. The dove-gllliflower, 

To CLOW, «. a. To beat down, Galloway ; used both 
literally and metaphorically. 

To CLOW, V. €k To eat or nip wp greedily, Ettr. For. 

CLOWE, ff. A hollow between hills. Sir Oawan and 
Mir Oal. The same with CIcimA, q. v., also Cloff. 

CLOWO, ff. A mall bar of wood, fixed to the door- 
post, in the middle, by a screw-nail, round which it 
mores, so that either end of it may be turned round 
oyer the end of the door, to keep it dose, Benfrews. 
"Most probably fhnn B. dog, as denoting a hind- 

'CBOWIB;r j>r. Small round pieces. ChmHmandCM. 
— A. 8. Heom;. Tent iUouise^ q>haeia. 

CLOWir, pare. pa. " Made of clews, woren." Bodd. 
DoacAoM. — Tent Hbuwe, glomus^ 

CLOWNS, ff. pi. Bntterwort, an herb, Bozb.; also 
called Sheep^roi, q. t. 

2b CLOWTTiCB, «. n. To work in a dirty way, or to 
perform dirty woric, Fife. C^mUerf Ang. Y. Cloitbb. 

*CLUB, ff. 1. A stick crooked at the lower end, and 
prepared with much care, for tlie purpose of driving 
the bat in the game of 5Mn^, 8. 2. Transferred to 
the instrument used in the more polished game of 
Golf; a Gclf; or Govf-<imb, 8. Y. aoLP. 

CLUBBEB, ff. Y. Cubbbb. 

CLUBBI6H, 04/. Clmnsy; hesTy; and dtspropor- 
ti<mably made, Boxb. — 8n. O. JUiiMa, claTa ; E. 
tM> ; or klubb, nodus ; a knot in a tree. 

CLUBBOCK, ff. The spotted Blenny, a fish. Blcnoius 
gunndlus, Linn. 8tati$tieal Account. 

CLUB-FITTIT, part. a4j. Haying the foot tuned too 
much Inward, as resembling a dmb, Loth. 




CLUBSIDBS, TOn. A phrua oaed by boys at Skinny 

or Shinijf, when a player strikes from the wrong 

hand, Aberd. Perhaps q. " Use your dub on the 

right tide" 

OLUDFAWER, «. A spwiona chUd, Terlotd.; q./aUm 

from the doudt, 
CLUF, OLuir, t, 1. A hoof, Bodd.; ctu, B. B.~Sa. O. 
klof, ongnla. 2. A claw, Bodd.— Teuk. Uuyvt, an- 
To CLUFF, V. a. To strike with the fist ; to slap; to 

cuff, Boxb. 
OLUFF, t. A stroke of this description ; a caff ; also 
expl. *' A blow given with the open hand," ibid.— 
Belg. kUmuhen, to bang ; kUnnOt '* a stroke or blow ; 
most properly with the fist f* Sewel. 
0LUKI8. V. Cliuoe. 
OLUM, part. fa. Olomb or climbed, Boxb.; CZhm, 

pret. 8. 0. 
OUJiSUYS, part. pa. ia Climb. Dougku. 
CLUMP, t. A heavy, inacave feUow, 8.— So. O. Uump, 

Tent. JUotnpe, a mass. 
To OLUlffiB, V. n. Bxpl. *' to die of thirst," ShetL 
OLUNG, Empty, applied to the itomaeh or belly 
after long fkstlng, &— From E. dinQt to dry op. Bcu. 
2V> OLTjKK, v. n. fo emit a hollow and interrupted 
sonnd, as that proceeding firom any liquid confined 
in a cask, when shaken, if the cask be not fW, 8. — 
Dan. glunkf the guggling of a narrow-mouthed pot or 
atiait-necked bottle when itis emp^ring; 8w. khmk-m, 
to guggle ; Isl. khmk-Of resonare. 
OLUNK, «. The cry of a hen to her young, when she 

has found food for them, South of 8. Cliicfc, B. 
OLUNK, «. A dmught, West Loth.— 8w. Uvnik, id. 
CLUNKER, «. A tumour ; a b9mp, Ang. 
CLUNKERD, CLovKBar, port. adj. Covered with 
dwnken ; applied to a road, or floor, that is overlaid 
with clots of indurated dirt, 8. B. 
CLUNKERS, t. pi. Dirt hardened in clots, so as to 
render a road, pavement^ or floor unequal, 8. — Qonn. 
ehmkemt a knot or clod of dirt. 
CLUPH, t. An idle, trifling creature, Boxb. 
CLUPHIN, pari. pr. Clupkin about the fire ; spend- 
ing time in an idle and slovenly way, Ibfd.; synon. 
Clqffin, s. 1. 
CLU8HAN, Cow-CLinHAar, t. The dung ol a cow, as 
it drops in a small heap, Dumfr.— Isl. Hestino'T, 
conglutinatio ; kUtta, litura. T. Tushlaoh. 
CLUSHET, «. 1. The udder of a cow, Boxb.— Perhaps 
from 8. ^otfse, oIuA, Fr. ednse. 2. The stomach of 
a sow, Liddcedale. 
CLUSHJBT, s. One who has the charge of a cow-house, 

Liddesd. JSyremon, synon. Boxb. 
CLUT, t. Perhaps, a quantity. Aherd. iSeg.— Tout. 

khift«, massa T 
CLUTB, Cloot, t. 1. The half of the Jioof of any 
cloven-footed animal, 8. Baimtay. 2. The whole 
hoof, 8. 8. Metaph. used for a single beast, 8. Sob 
Roff. — Germ, elti/t, flssura, or A. 8. deqlfed, flssus. 
To Tax ths Cldti. To im off ; applied te cattle, 8.O. 

OLUTHEB, «. A heap ; a crowd, <}a1|oway. 
CLUTIE, f . A name given to the devil. V. ObOOTiB. 
CLUTTEBING, part. pr. Doing any piece of business 
in an awkwani and dirty way, 8. B.^Tent. kleuier' 
en, tudltare. 
COACT, CoAcrrr, part, pa, Foroed, constrained.— 

lat eoact-ui. 
COAL-GUM, «. The dust of ooals, Clydes. A ooir. of 
ooal-coom. V. Pamwooo. 

OOAL-HOODIB, t. The bUnk-headad Bonttng, Meama. 

COALMIE. T. Oouiia. 

OOAL-STALK, «. 1. A name given to the vegetable 
impressions found on stones in coal minea. 

GOALS. To brino over the ooob, to bring to a severe 
reckoning, & Forbet, Bef erring^ most probably, to 
the ordeal by fire. 

A Cauld Coal to Blaw at. A proveibial phiase still 
commonly used to denote any work that eventually ia 
quite unprofitable, 8. M. Brue^s Lecturet. 

C0AL8TEALEB BAKE. A thief; a vagabond; or 
one who roJbst during night for the purpose of depre- 
dation, Boxb.— Bote, from A. 8. roo-aa, dilatare ; 
8a G. rak^ currere. 

COATS, Coiina, t. pi. A modification of quott$t q. r. 

COAT-TAIL. To sit, to ffoag, Ac., on one's ain ooat 
taU ; to live, or to do any^ thing, on one's personal 
expense, 8. Rob Boy. 

COB, f . The husk of peas ; as, peat^cb, Dumfr. Ap- 
parently from C. B. ejfbf id. 

To COB, V. a. ■ To beat one on the backside. 

COBBING, s. The act of beating as above described, 
ibid. Cob denotes a blo#, Derbyshhm, r. Grose. — 
0. B. oobt *' a knock, a thump ; oob-iaw, to thump ; 
eobimr, a thumper," Owen. 

COBLE, KoBiL, f. 1. A small boat ; a yawl, 8. A. 8. 
eoupUt navlcula. WffUmn. 2. A laiger kind of 
fishing boat, 8. The teim is now generally used to 
denote a fiat-bottomed boat 3. If oU coblo, a place 
for steeping malt, in order tc brewing, 8.— Cteim. 
kubel, a vat or tub. 

Nbt axd Coblb, the means by which sasina isglvan In 
fishings, 8. — "The qrnbols for land are earth and 
stone ; for mills, clap and happar ; for fishings, net 
and coble," Brak. Inst. 

To COBLE, o. a. To steep malt. Founiain-haU. 

COBLE, f . A square seat, or wliat is called a table-aeat, 
in a church, 8. 

COBLE, f . 1. An apparatus for the amusement of chil- 
dren ; a beam being placed aoroaa a wall, with the 
enda equally prqjectiiig, so that those who are placed 
at each end may rise and fall alternately; a see- 
saw ; or titter-totter, Boxb. 2. The amusement it- 
self, ibid. 

To COBLE, V. fi. 1. To take this amusement, ibid. 2. 
A atopping-stona ia said to eoNe, when it moves 
under one who steps on it, ibid. 8. Applied to ice 
which undulates when one pasaea over ite aorfteoe, 
ibid. ; also pron. Cowble. 

COBLIE, o^/. Liable to anch rocking or nwtnlatory 
motion, ibid. Qynon. OoairUe (Tocfceman, 8. 

beazlll, collet, head, or hlgheat part of a ring, or 
Jewell, wherein the stone is set ; also the boase, or 
rising of the stone itselft" Cotgr.— From eabodiM, the 
liead, apparently corr. from Lat. eapuL 

<X)BWOBM, «. The larva of the Cockchaffer, Scaiabaeua 
meloloDtha. StatM. Aect. 

COCHACHDEBATIE, «. An olBce aaid to have been 
anciently held in Scotland. — Apparently oorr. of 
To$Aeoderadk, depu^ of the Mair ^fee, which latter 
oflice aeema to have been equivalent to that of our 

COCHBELL, t. An eanrig, Loth. 
2b COCK, V. m. 1. To mount a culprit on the bade of 
another, aa of the Janitor at achools, in order to his 
being fiogged, 8. To horae one, E. 2. To throw up 
any thing to a high place, whence it cannot be easily 
taken down, Abetd. 




To COCK, e. n. To mtss ; a woid used by boys tn 
playii^ at tair or maibles, Aberd. 

Tq cock, «. «. Szpl. " to realle from an engagement; 
to draw back or eat In one's wordgi^BoaEb. Celt, ooe, 
en?, a liar. T. 9\> ery O^lfc, to. Cos. 

COCK, f . The mack for which airier* play, 8. Called 
in some places the IVe, q. t. Bwrm. 

COCK, «. A cap ; a head-dress, 8. B. JBost. 

COCK-A-BENDT, i. 1. An inatmment fbr twisting 
ropes, consisting of a hollow piece of wood held in 
the hand, throogh which a pin rans. In oonseqnenoe 
of this pin being tnmed romd, the rope Is twisted, 
Ayrs. 3. Expl. " A sprightly boy," Dnmfir. 

* COCK-A-HOOP, The E. phnse Is used to denote a 
bumper, Jife. One who is half seas over, la also 
said to be oocfc-a-Aoop, Ibid. ; which Is nearly akin to 
the E. sense, *' triomphant, exalting.'* {^>enseriue8 
toA on hoopf whi^ seems to determine the origin ; 
q. the cock seated on the top of his roost. 

COCK ALAN, «. 1. A oomlc or Indlcroos l e p r c e c Pta* 
Hon. AcU Jo. VI,— ¥t. eoq d I'dNe, a libel, a pas- 
qain, a satire. Defined in the Dictionary of the 
Academy, " Dlseonrs qui n'a pdnt de suite, de Ual* 
son, de mison." 3. An imperfect writing. 

COCKALORUM-LIKE, a^j. foolish ; absm^ Ayrs. 
The Entail. 

COCKANDT, f. The Puffin. Aloa aretlea, Linn. 8. 
Taminerie, Tommy-noddff, Orkn. SibbtM. 

COCK AMD KET. A stop-cock, 8. 

COCK ijn> PAIL. A spigot and fitocet, 8. 

COCK-A-PENTIB, f . One whose pride makes him Uto 
and act above his Income, Ayrs. 

COCKA WINIE, Caokawthvib. lb r<d« eodutwinie, to 
ride on the shoulders of another, Dmnfr. 8yn. with 
Ooekerdekof, S.B. 

COCK-BEAD-PLANS, $. A plane for making a monid 
log which projects above the common surface of the 
timber, 8. — As bead denotes a moulding, 8., the term 
redb may refer to the projection or elcTation. 

COCK-BIBD-HIGHT, t. 1. TaUness equal to that of 
a male chicken ; as, " It's a fell thing fcr you to 
gie yourspl sic airs ; you're no oock-bird-Aiffkt yet," 
8. 3. Metaph. transferred to eleration of q>irlt8. 

OOCK-PBSE, f. Cock-broth, Bosb. Oodtie4eekie, 
synon. 8t. Roman. 

COCK-CKOW'N KAIL. Broth heated a second time ; 
supposed to be such as the cock has erom/d over, 
being a day old, Boxb. 8ynon. Could kaU het 
aaain, 8. 

COCKBE, «. In tile dfrexsion of cniling, ttie place at 
each end of the rink or course, whence the stones 
must be hurled, and which they ought to readi, gene- 
rally marked by a cross, within a drde, 8. A. ; Cbcfc, 
Loth. J>a9%d$on*t Seaiom. 

COCKEB, GooKizr, t. The sperm of an egg ; the sub- 
stance supposed to be injected by the oodt, 8. 

To COCKER, 9. n. To be in a tottering state. Loth. 

COCKERING, part. pr. Tottering ; threatening to 
tumble ; especially in consequence of being placed 
too high. ibid. 

COOKERDECOSIE; ad'9, Synon. with Codfcerddkoy. 

COCKERDEHOT. To rids oockerdehoy ; to sit on the 
shoulders of another, In imitation of riding on horse- 
back, 8. B.— Pr. eoquardeau, a proud fool. 

OOCKSRIE, a4/. Unsteady In position, Perths. The 

' same with Codunum. 

COOKBBIBNEas, f . The state of being CotkeH^ Id. 

OOCKEBNONNT, «. The gathering of a yoimg w^ 
man's hair, when it is wmpt op in a band or flUet, 
commonly called a tnood, 8. Manuag.-^cnt. ftolier, 
a case, and iwmiie, a nun ; q. soeh a sheath forflxtng 
the hair as the nuns were wont to nse. 

COGKEBSUM, adj. Unsteady in position ; threaten- 
ing to &11 or tumble oyer, 8.~f r. eoqwwde, a oap, 
worn proudly on the one side. 

COCK-HEAD, i. The herb AU-htal, Staehys palnstria, 
Linn., Lanarks. 

COCKT, M^. Tain; affecting aln of importaaee, 8. 
B. From the B. t. to code. Sot*. 

COCKIB-BENDIB, f. 1. The oone of the flr>tree^ 
Benfr. 3. Also the laige oooloal buds of the plane- 
tree, ibid. 

COCKIB-BBIBKIB, f. ihe aaa with CMberddboy, 
Fife.— Isl. todfc-r, eoaoerratosi and 8w. brdt^h diva- 
rieare, to stride. 

OOCKIB-LBBKIB, «. Boi^ made of a ooeft boOed with 
leefts, 8. 

COOKIEIUEEBIB, «. A term exprssalTe of the sound 
made by a cock in erowtng, 8. — ^Tent ho det lo er en, to 
eiy like a oook. 

C0CKIB-RIDIB-1I0U8IE, s. 1. A game among child- 
ren, in which one rider on the shoulders of another, 
with a leg on each side of his neck, and the Ibet oyer 
OB his breast, Roxb. 3. It Is also used as a punish- 
ment inflicted by chlldre|i on each oUier, for some 
sui^sed misdemeanour. 

OOCKILOORIE, «. A daisy, 8hetl.~Periiapa from 
So. O. Jbolto, tiie sward, and lura, to lie hid ; q. what 
lies hidden during winter in the swaid. 

COCKLAIRD, ff. A landholder, who himself possesses 
and cnltiratos all his estate ; a yeoman, 8. 

COCKLE, CoKKiL, «. A seallop.—Pr. eoquMe, The 
Order of the CodOe, that of 8t. Michael, the knlghte 
of which wore the scallop as their badge. Cbm- 

To COCKLE the coat of a miXI, to make a slight inci- 
sion on the cogs, for directing in cutting off the ends 
of them, so that the whole may preserre the circular 
form. The instrument used is called the eeeirZe, 
Loth. — Germ, and mod. Sax. kmgM-tn, rotundare, 
fjrom Tout. JeofMt Oerm. kughdf a globe, any thing 

To COCKLE, V. n. *'To duck as a hen," Boxb. — 
From the same origin with B. codkle, Tent kaeekA- 
e», 8u. O. teU-a, glodtare. 
COOKLE-CCTIT, a^j. Haring bad andes, so that the 
feet seem to be twisted away from them ; lying out- 
wards, Lanarics.— Isl. koeekvU, oondylns ; q. haying 
a defect In the Joints. 
COCKLE-HEADED, a^. Whlmalos] ; maggoty ; sin- 
gular in conduct, 8. Oodb-braimd is used in the 
same sense In S. Rob Rof.—O. B. coeooakk signi- 
fies concdted, proud. 
COCKMAN, f . A sentinel. Xartin't Wett M. Y. 

COCK-MBLDER, s. The last mdder or grinding of a 

year's grain, Lanarks. Zhisfymelcbr, synon. As this 
mdder contains more refkise (whioh is eaUed dati) 
than any other. It may be thus denominated, because 

a larger share of it is allowed to the dnnghlU- 

COCK-PADDLE, f . The Lump, a fish ; Cydoptera 

lumpus, Linn. The PaddU, Oritn. Sibbaid. 
COOK-RAW, ad^. Bare ; sparingly roasted, or boiled, 

Loth. Boxb. I^on. J%ain 




OOOKBBI^ «. The Mme iriih B. oodterA, % yoirog 
cock ; oMd to deoote a young nude laTcn. David- 
ton** Secuont. 

00CKB08B, «. Anj wild poppj with a red flower. 
Cbpraie, A. Bor. 

COOKS. To eaat tU Oe ooott ; to waste, to Bqnender, 
& From the bAibaroiu eiutom of throwing for a 
piece of money at a cock tied to a atake. JBonuay. 

OOOK'S-OAIM, $. Meadow Plnka, or Onekoo Viewer, 
Lydmis flos encnll, Lanarka 

OOOK'8-OOMB, «. Adder's toDgoe. Ophicglassnin 
Tolgatmn, I4nn., Boxb. 

00CK8 OBOWIMG. If oodbfa-vw before the jffa'-door, 
it is Tiewed as betokening the fmmfdtata anrival of 
stiangera, Teriotd. 

OOGKSIB, adj. Affecting airs of importanoe, Lanaiks. 
Synon. with Cbdfcy, q. r. 

OOOKSTBIDB, t. A rery short distance ; q. as niiieh 
as nay be indaded in the ttridi cf a cock. Xttr. 
For. Hogg, 

OOOK-STULB, CvDTULi, s. 1. The eocking-stool or 
tombrell. Bur. Lomu. — Teat Iboldben, ingurgitare, 
or hMdot^ the pillory. 2. This term has, accordingly, 
been oaed in later times to denote the pillory, 8. 

COOKUP, «. A hat or cap tamed «p before. 

OOD, t. 1. A pillow, 8. A. Bor. Cnnfitaynt S, 2. 
In a secondary sense, a cushion, 8. 8. In pi. eocb 
denotes a sort of cosliion, which the common people 
in many parts of the coantry use in riding, in Ilea of 
a saddle or pillion, 8. 8ynon. fionts, AimJfcs.— A. 8. 
eodiit^ a bag ; Isl. Icodde, a pillow. 

To OOD ou<, V. fi. Grain which has been too ripe be- 
fore being cat, in the coarse of handling is said to 
oodoaf, Boxb.; fh>m its aepaiatlng easily from the 
hade or cod. 

GODBAIT, «. 1. The Lombricos marinas, Loth. 2. 
The straw-worm, ibid. — A. 8. eodd, follicalus. 

OODBBB, t. A pillowslip, /neeittories. 

OOD-OBUNB, s. A cartidn-leetarB, Fife. Ood croanino^ 
id., Selkirk 8, fh>m eod, a pillow, and cruiM, as denot- 
ing a marmaring or complaining soand. — Teat. 
fereun-ci», conqaeri. It is otherwise called a Anwter- 
(i. e. bolster) leciure. Y. Gaon. 

OODDEBABfS. Perhaps somer or beggar. 

OODB, t. Achrisom. Y. Ovoa. 

OODGEBXLL, t. An earwig. Y. Oochbill. 

OOD-HULB, «. A pillowslip, Rozb. Q. The bask or 
covering of a pillow f Synon. Qod-wxrt. 

To OODLB (com), «. a. To make the grains fly oat 
of the hosks by a stroke, 8. B. Perhaps firom cod, the 

OODBOOH, ad^. 1. Rustic, having the manners of 
the coantry, Loth. Fife. Fvrgv^m, 2. Dirty, ilovenly, 
synon. kogry'moffryi Loth. — ^Ir. eudoTt the rabble ; 
Gael. oodromAo, anciTilised, oodrymach, a rustic. 

OODBUGH, adj. Used as synon. with Caidrife, 
Strathmore. — Perhaps of Teat, origin, from JboiMle, 
oold, and ri;*efe, added to many words, as increasing 
their signification ; blindrfeky q. rich in blindness ; 
doof-rijdk, very deaf ; dicl-r^'cfc, Ac. 

OODWABB, «. A piUow-stip, 8.— A. 8. watr^ retina- 
colom, 8a. G. war, id., from tpoeri, to keep^ to 

00BLT8, t. pi. Colts. Monroe. 

3b OOFF, Com, v. a. 1. To bay ; to poithase, 8., 
moat commonly in thepret. oofl. Shirr^t. 2. To 
procure, althoogh not in the way of sbsolote pur- 
chase; oaed Improperiy. Bhbt Book itf Sdam, 8. To 

barter, to exchange. BaOaM qf OrJbn.— Germ. 
Imsh^ boQght» from hcmf-on ; So. G. &og>-o, to bay. 
Y. Coup, «. 

COFB, a. Barsain, periiaps atrlctly by barter or ex- 
change.— Thia aeema originally the aune with Conp, 
exchange, q. v. Sw. koep aignlflesa purchase, a bar- 
gain. Bot oofi in form more nearly resembles Germ. 
koMff, id. Y. Gorr, «. 

OOFFB, Oopi, Ooita. A merchant ; a hawker ; padder 
co^e, a pedler. Ban. Poem*. 

GOFE AHD GHANGB, is a phrase which occurs in oor 
old acts. Cofe may be synon. with durngt, as denot- 
ing exchange or barter. 

OOFFING, OoPTKK, a. 1. A shrine ; a box. ITynAwa. 
2. The hard crust of bread. DonoUu.—ljaX, oopkin- 
tea, a basket. 

OOFT, |>ret. and part. jm. Boaght Y. Corr. 

To COG, V. a. To place a stone, or a piece of wood, so 
as to prevent the wheel of a carriage from moving, 8. 

COG, CoAQ, CoiQ, OoovB, a. 1. A hollow wooden ves- 
sel of a circular form for holding milk, broth, Ac. 8. 
WoiJtmnC* G»II.— Germ. koMck^ a hollow vessel; C. B. 
caw, a bason ; Gael. eiuidUm, also eo^^an, a bowl, 
a cap. 2. A measure osed at some mills, containing 
the fourth part of a peck, 8. B. 8. This term is some- 
times metaph. osed to denote intoxicating liquor, 
like B. bowl. Tannakai. 

To GOG, GoQua, « a. To empty into a wooden vessel. 

COG, CoooB, a. A yawl or cockboat. ITyntoion.— Tent 
ktwfko, celox; Bo. G. hooo^ navigii genus, apod 

COGFULy Cooru', a. As much as a coff or wooden 
bowl contains, 8. Corr. ooffiU, Angus. The Pirate. 

COGGDB, a. A amall wooden bowl, 8. A dimin. from 
OoQ. Jaoob. Rdie*. 

2bG0GGLBiip,«.a. To prop; to support, Ang. Synon. 

OOGGLDE, GoooLT, «(;. Moving from side to side; 
unsteady as to position ; apt to be ovenet^ 8. CodxT' 
SMiM, aynon. OalL 

GOGGLIN, *. A support, Aug. Synon. StiU, 

COGLAN-T&EB. It is supposed that this is a corr. of 
Covin Tne, q. v. 

To OOGLB, CooouB, v, a. To cause any tiling to move 
from aide to side, so as to seem ready to be overset, 
8.— Perhaps from eog, a yawl, because that is so 
easily overset. Or from Tout, kogkd, Dan. ihioiUa, 
globus, kuifUdf globular. 

GOGNOSANGE, a. A badge in heiaklry.—B. co^ia- 
ance; 0. Fr. Cognoi*aanee. 

To COGNOSCE, v. n. To inquire ; to investigate ; 
often in order to giving Judgment in a cause. Spdtd- 

To COGNOSCE, v. a. 1. To scrutinise the character 
of a person, or the state of a thing, in order to a 
decision, or for regulating procedure. Ibid, 2. To 
pronounce a decision in consequence of investigation. 
Ckalmenl'* Mary. 3. To pronounce a penKm to be 
an idiot, or furious, by the verdict of an inquest ; a 
forensic term, 8. Brtkine* In$t. i. To survey lands 
in order to a division of property.— IaL co^noao-^'e, 
pro Jurisdictionem exeroere. Cooper. 

To GOGNOST, V. n. Spoken of two or more persons 
who are sitting close together, convening familiarty 
with an air of secresy, and apparently plotting some 
piece of harmless mischief, Upp. Lanarks. Nearly 
synon. with the E. phrase, " Uying their heads to- 
gether; " and with the 0. B. v., still osed in 8., to 





OoUmgue.—'Wnm cognotM, w ved In the 8. Uw to 

deBote th« proof iaktn. in oidor to pronounoe « muk 

an idiot or inMne. 
00GN06TIN, «. The net of ilttiDg cIom together in 

•eoret Goii/enDoe» Upp. Leoncke. 
OOGSTSB^ t. The perwm who, in the net of girlngUng 

llaz, flni brenke it with n twifig-hati and then throws 

it to another, Bozb. 
OOG-WAMB, f. A proCabexmnt belly ; q. renwnbting 

a coag, Bcr^t CM. 
OOO-WYUXD, adi. HaTii« a protoberant bdly. B. 

pU-beUied is the term most nearly allied ; bat the 8. 

word is not merely applied to persons grown up, bnt to 

children, those especially whose bellies are distended 

by eating great qoanttties of ondlgestible food, or of 

that which is not solid, 8. 
COHOW, «ilo:^. Used at fficbaiMi seek, Aberi. Also 

written Oakom, q. ▼. 
To COT, V. a. DoobtlWl ; perhaps to Cm0>, or Shjf, 

Keith's Hist 
COT, s. The name giTen to the ball need in the game 

of SkinHe, Domflr.— C.B. eo^, "a mass or lamp ; a 

short piece of wood ; " Owen. 
COT, oc^'. sail, qaiet ryudsay^-Vr. «<, eo^t ^'i 

tnm LaL 9l•«e^«t. 
GOIDOCB, CoTDTOOH, f. A term of contempt applied 
j to a pony wight iWtsarf. 

COTDUK£» i. 1. A decoy-dock ; nsed to denote a man 

employed by a magistrate to tempt people to swear, 

that they might be lined. 8. It is also commonly 

niied to denote a person employed by a seller, at a 

roup or auction, to giro flctltioas boda or ofFers, in 

Older to lalso the price of an article, 8. 8yn. a White- 


To OOJXIT, o. M. To agree ; to ilt, Upp. Clydes.— 
Perhaps fkom Fr. osn, and J€U'€r, to cast, to throw ; 
q. to throw together. 

COIF, «. Aeaye. Jhuf^. 

COIFI, f. The arch-droid, or hlgh-pfiest among the 
Dmids. y. OoiTiB. 

COIO. y. Coo, CoAO. 

COILb f. An Instramcnt formeriy used in boring for 
coals, y . 8rooK, «. 2. 

COIL, ». Coil of hay, cock of hay, Perths. 

COILHKUCH, «. A coalpit, 8. Skene. 

COILL, COTLL, t. CoaL Acti Marj/. 

COIN, OoTXTS, «. A comer. Barbour.— Fr. ooiNy id.; 
Ir. ewtmie, a comer, an angle. 

To OOINT£LL, v. a. 1. To agitate, as In ehnming 
milk; "01*0 this a bit eoinyOlino,*' Ayrs. 3. To 
ii^ara any liqaid, by agitating it too maeh, ibid.— 
PeihapB a dim. fk-om Gael. oMtftuieiv, a chara. 

To 0018, «. n. To exchange. T. Ooaa. 

COISSnfO, CkerrU and Sit. y. Coea, «. 

COiar, Cost, «. 1. The side in the human body.— 
lat eofte. Jkmolat. WaUaee. 2. The trunk of 
the body. JkmoUul 8. Also used for S. oocuf, Lat. 
ora. JDouffloi. 

COIBT, Ok 1. Xzpense; cost. JhugUu. 2. Thepro- 
▼Ision made for watching the bordeis. Acte Jo. JI, 
— Belg. 8a. G. kottj cost, charge. 

0OI8T, s. 1. Duty payable in kind, Orkn. 3. The 
sustenance given to a serTant, as distinct from money, 
lUd. 8kme.—Bn. Q. Dan. tote, food. 

C0T8T, adj, A reproachful epithet. 

To COIT, o. n. To butt ; to Jostle. Jbrtfim.— Fr. cott- 
er, to bott; Id. kuOtr, torros^ kueUot Tiolenter 

COIT, CoiT, f. A cot Aberd. Reg. 

To COIT, QtroiT, «. n. A term used in Ayra as equlTa* 

lent to the e. OuH ; to amuse one's self by curling 

on the ioe. CuU b used in the same sense in Upp. 

COITB, ff. A rate. The same with Cote, q. t. 
C0ITT8» t. pi. Used for QuoUt. Y. Coats. 
OOiyiS, $. The name given in Gaelic to the arch- 

dniid, written CuiwM or Ckiobhidk. 
OOK, «. Meaning doubtful. 
COK. To cry ooJk, to acknowledge that one is van- 

quished. JDo«gias.— 0. Celt eoe, mechant, rile. 
OOKJEWALD, t. A cuckold. Chaoe — Isl. qvonkaU, 

cnrrnca, sen comutus ; flrom fcooa, uxor, and kvUa, 

maeularo ; G. Andr. 
OOUE, t. A cock of hay, Ang. y. Coll. 
OOLB, ». A cant term for money, 8. 0. 
OOUE-HUGH, 0. The shaft of a ooal-pit, 8. 
0OLSH0OD,«. The Black-cap, a bird, 8. 
OOLEHOODING, «. The Black-cap, a bird, 8. CoaU 

hood. SitbaUL 
COLBUIE, CoALiin, «. The CoaUsh, Asellus niger, 

Aug.— Geim. hAlwuUden, id. 
2b COLF, «. a. To calk a ship.— ^. ea7/a<-€r, Teut. 

kaU^fiiH-en, a. 
OOLFIN, CALnxa, «. The wadding of a gun, 8. Woi- 

To COLFIN, Calfu, v. a. To fill with Wadding, 8. 

Piper o/Feebleo, 
COLIBRAND, «. A eontempttmos designation for a 

blacksmith. Border. WaUon'e CoU.—Sn. G. kU, 

caibo, and bmma, orere ; q. the eoal-bumer. 
COLK, «. The Eider duck, a sea-fowl, 3. The Duniur 

Oooie of 8ibbald. Jfonroe. 
COLL, CoLK, «. A cock of hay, 8. B., A. Bor. Sou.— 

Fr. cueUl-eTf to gather ; S. to eott. 
To COLL, V. a. To put into cocks ; as, *' Has he osU'tf 

yon hay?" 8. B. 
To COLL, v.a. 1. To cut ; to clip. 2V> coU the hairt 

to poll it, 8. 2. To cut anything obliquely, 8.— 8u. G, 

lnl{^a, verticis capUlos abradere. T. Cow. 
COLL, g, A line drawn, in the amasemeot of Curbing, 

across the rink or course. The stone which does 

not pass this line is called a hog, and is throwu aside, 

as not being counted in the game, Angus ; Collie or 

CbdUie, 8tiilinga Hog-eeore^ synou. 
COLLABT-STONB, t. A name giren to quarts, Bosh. 

It is also proa. Cow-lady -etone. — Peihaps corr. 

from Fr. cmiUeUaUt "a chack-stone, or little flint* 

COLLAT, CoLLar, s. A collar. — CtHUi wss used in the 

same sense in O. £. Fr. ooUel, " the throat, or fore 

part of the necke ; also the coUer of a Jerkin, Ac. ; 

the cape of a cloke," Cotgr. 
To COLLATION, v. a. To compare ; to collate.— Fr. 

ooU(U<ofi-iier, id. Stair. 
COLLATTOWN, e Conference ; discourse. WyiOovm. 

—Lat oMatio. 
To COLLECK, «. n. To think ; to recollect, Aberd. 

Nearly allied to (he use of the B. t. to oMeet himeelf. 
COLLEGTOBT, COLLsoroaii, «. 1. The charge of 

collecting money. Aberd. Reg. 2. Honey collected. 

y. Kbaqb. 
To COLLEGE, «. a. To educate at a college or untver«> 

sity, 8. CatapfteU. 
COLLEGENAR, CoLLBOiovsaa, «. A student at a 

college, 8. Spalding. 
COLLERAUCH, CoLLaaiTB, Colbbaitb, «. A surety 

given to a court Baffaur'e Praet. Y, CoLasAOB. 
COLLU^ CoLLsr, «. 1. The shepherd's dog, 8. A. 





, ) 

' I 

Bor. Svnti,^lT, eutUant Chtat. euMe, * llttte dog. 
S. On* who follows anodier ooostently, 8. 8. A 
loongor, one who hontii for n dinner. CaUtrwood. 

To GOUilB, V. a. 1. To abuh ; to eilenoe In en wgo- 
ment ; in allnslon to a dof , who, when nuMtered or 
affhmted, walks off with his tail between his feet» 
Vife. fl. To domineer orer. 8. Used, with a con- 
siderable degree of ehliqQitgr, as signifying to entangle 
or bewilder, 8. A. 4. To wrangle ; to qnarrel with, 
as diepherds^ dogs do. ** We oou'd hardly keep them 
flrae ooUejfin,* ane anither,** Bozb. 

To GOLLIf, CoLLST, V, n. To yield in » eonleat ; to 
knock under, Loth. 

COLLIEBUOTION, «. A squabble, Simosa. Y. CuL- 


COLLIESHANGIS, «. 1. An uproar ; a squabble, 8. 

Sou. 2. Used in some plaees for lood. eamesi or 

gossiping oonrenation, B. B. 3. A nng of platted 

glass er straw, through whieh a lappet ot a woman s 

gown, or fold of a man's coat is clandestinely thrust, 

in order to excite ridicule, Aug.— Peihaps firoaiepU<i 

and okangief q. t. CoUiodUinfft Bozb. 
COLLINHOOD, #. WUd poppy, Roxb. Loth. 
To OOLLTJDE, «. n. To hare ooUuskm with.—lAt 

coltad-ere, id. 
COLHIE, M. A full-grown coal-fiah. Means, flynon. 

Comb, Banffs. Y. Gbbkaok. 
OOLOUB-BE-BOT, t. Aberd, Beo.—Vr. oondeur dt 

Mo^t " In old time pniple, now the blight tawny," 

OOLPINBAOH, t. A young oow that has never oalTed. 

Skene. — OaeL eolbhta^ a cow calf. 
GOLBACH, «. A surety. V. CollbbavcIi. 
GOLBIE, oc^'. Comfortable ; snug , eoHe. 
COLUMBB, s. An ornament in the form of ft dove 

COLUMBB, a4f. A kind of Tiolet c<dott% or rather 

between red and Tiolet. Ijvvenioria, 
COM, Com, f. Act of coming ; arrlTaL Barbour.— 

A. S. eumt cyme, adrentus. 
C0MASHE8, t. 1^. Unknown ; perhaps a pxedous 

spice. JRofai. 
COMB, $. A coal-fiflh of the fifth year. Y. Couni. 
To COMBALL, v. n. To meet together for amusement, 

Fife. — Apparently corr. from B. eabai. Gael. oomA- 

buaiadi, howerer, signifies contact. 
COMB'B-MASS, f. The designation generally giren to 

the term of Whitsunday in Oalthnese. — The word 

undoubtedly is Colm't-Jfait, i. e., the mass of the ce- 
' lebmted St. Columba, abbot of lona. 
OOMBUBGESS, t. A feUow-citlBen.— Vr. eombo ur gooU, 

QOME, s. Growth ; the act of yegetatton ; as, Tkertfs 

a come <n Ihe grund, there is a ccmsiderable degree 

of Tegetation, 8. 
COMB, t. A bend or crook. T. Cm. 
To COMB, «. n. 1. To sprout, to spring ; applied to 

grain when it b^ns to germinate, 8. 2. To sprout 

at the lower end ; applied to grain in the process of 

malting, 8. ChaJm. Air.—Ul. ke<m^ Genu, i^em- 

€fl, id. 

COMB-C-WILL, t. 1. An herb, shrub, or tree, that 
springs up spontaneously, not haring been planted ; 
q. oome* qflta own w<U, Boxb. 2. Hence applied to 
any animal that oomes, of its own aooord, into one's 
possession, ibid. Cumlinf synon. 8. Transferred to 
new settlers in a oountiy or district, who can show 
no ancient standing there, South of 8. 4. It is some- 
times applied to * bastard ehild. Chta Ma/mtring. 

OOMBB, OoifSBi, f. A gossip. T. OnaciB. 

2b COMBBA'BB, «. «. To meet together for the pur- 
pose of having a social oonfsbulatkm. Pron. aa ot 
three syllablea. 

OOMBBAl>B,s. A meeting of this deserlpOoo. This 
seems to be synon. with RoAing In the West of S.-* 
Vr. eomercuic, ** ehamberfuU, a oompany that belongs 
to one chamber," Cotgr.; O. Tr. eambrt, Lat. oawer 
ft, a chamber. 

COMBBA'BIN, t . A term used to denote the haUt o( 
Tisiting, day after day, with Utile or no Intnruption, 

COMBBWALD, «4f. Hen^iecked. AMftw.— Ohmt, 
a gossip, and A. 8. wold, power. 

G0MB8TABLB, aOi. Batable ; fit for food.— Vrom 
Lat. oomed-o, oomeif -nm, to eat 

COMVABANT-LIK^ o^. Decent; beooniag, Bei^ 
wicks.— This must be a corr. of Cbn/esrtfn, q. y. 

To OOMFLBK, «. «. To reflect, BefWicks.—From Lat. 
eofi/lecf-ers, to bend, or oomplect-i, to comprehend, as 
applied to the mind. 

COMTTB, ComfiTB, t . A term which frequently oo- 
curs in our old legal deeds, as denoting the common 
oounoil of a burgh, now generally called the 2bm^ 
Onmctl.— L. B. oomitatuM. 

COMMANDIMBNT, ComuinMaiBn, «• A mandato. 

COMMBND, «. A comment ; a commentary. Donglas. 

OOMMBNB, f. A benefice M eommeiiddm. IkmglQM. 
— Fr. eommeiMie, L. B. comHienda, id. 

OOMMBMD, <. Commendation, 8. RcXlode, 

C0MMB8S, 9. A deputy. IwoetUmia —It, eotmU, 

OOMMIBSABB, t. A oonsnissleBer ; a del^ipto. ACU 
Ja. J. — ^Fr. etrnmiuairtf id. 

COMMISSB CLOTHES. The dothea provided for 
soldiers, at the expense of the government they 
serve. Momn/t Eaoped. 

COMMTSSEB, f . A oommissaiT of an army. Aek 

COMMON. Bf eommon, strange; out ff the oommoa 
line ; extraordinaiy, 8. 

COMMON, CoMMOU*. To bo in on^t eoMiiMNi, to be 
obliged to one, 8. PitsooUie. To ^ite ft eoMmow », 
to reqidte. JSCno^.— From commoM, as signtfying 

COMMONTT, Comcoinms, fl. 1. A oommon, &— 
Lat oommunit-ai. 2. Community; common pos- 
session. AeU Ja. VI. 8. A right of pasturage in 
oommon with others, 8. 4. Jurisdiction or torl- 
toiy, %. BaJf. Prad. 6. Commonalty; the com- 
mons, as distinguished from the higher ranks, ibid. 

COMMOTION, i. A commission. "Ane p ommoU on A 
full power,** Ac. Aberd. Beg. 

To COMMOVB, V. a. 1. To bring Into a state of com- 
motion. 2. To offend ; to displease. PiUooUie."' 
Fr. eommouv^r, to mere, to trouble, to Tex ; Lat 

COMMOUND, adj. Common. Aberd, Beg. 

COMMUNION, f. The name given in some places, by 
way of eminence^ to the Sacrament of the Supper, 8. 
^FoT Oie same reason it is denominated, as if ex- 
cluslrely, Ae Sacrament ; sometimes tike Ooootffon ; 
in the North of 8. Ae Ordinance, and pretty gener- 
ally, from the number of discourses, Ae PreaAingt. 
It is singular, that in 8. it Tory seldom reoelTes the 
scrlptuml designation, "the Lord's Supper." 

To COMMUTB, «. a. To moTe, Upp. Clydes. 

COMPANIONBT, f . FeUowshlp; companionship. Jtol- 





OOMPABS, 04^. Squid ; oonpuibtowitli. ABmcfew. 

— L«t. tm^fOT, 
T^ OOMPARE, «. ». To mppear ; to b« nada Bumi- 

fest. TlM lame with Coiiipe**, q. t. J tflewdm. 
COMPARQXS. Leg. coMpcNi^yABr, eoin|»ales. ^oic^ 

COMPSABAMCn, «. The •ol «! prewnttng M^f fdf 

In It court, 8. BaHlU. 
2\> COMPSIR, OOMPBAE, «. «. 1. T« appear In tka 

prcMnoe of another, BMimAm. % To preaeni one'a 

•elf in a oonn, otTil or aocleslaaUoal, In comMqaenoo 

of being Bummoned, 8. Frieda FMit^'-Wr. wmpar- 

etr, la appear ; Lai mrn/par-tre^ id. 
OOMPEIftANT, c One arho makes hia ifipeanttee, 

when called, tn a ooait. 
OOHPntBER, t. One wha makes eompenmtloii. 

jRioreoyvs. AmwI. Ihe» 
COMPSR, «. The Father-latfher, Orkn. Borrjf. 
To OOHPXSGS, «c a. To restrain ; to aasnaga. BaiSau. 

\jbX, cctnpttoo, 
Fo GOMPXTS, a. •. To be In a state of eompctitton, 

S. GittkHA.—lM. eompet-ert, 
• To COMPLAIN, OOMruM, «. ». To ail, 8. jraeiMOl. 

This is a matoBTBiical use of the X. tenn, the elTeet 

being put tor the oanse. 
COM PLBNS. The last of the canonical horn. DomtHai. 

L. B. eompUnda^t officiom eodesiastlenm, quod 

cetera diuma oflda compM et clandit 
COMPLSNE BONO. The song sung at the last of 

the canonical hours ; the erening song. ¥. Gom- 

COMPUMXNT, «. A present; a gift, i. Sir J. 

To COM PLIHSNT ncith, «. a. Te presant«M vlth, 8. 

To jCOMPLDTHBB, a. n, 1. Te coaplr ; lo aeooid. 
"I wou'd many her, but she^ no c caiphi m er," 
Boxb. CifMnploutcr, Meams.— Lat. compUmdtre, to 
clap hands together, or in unison. S. To suit ; to 
fit ; to answer any end proposed, &o±b. 

00MPLUTASB,f. A mistake^ 8tirUngs. 

7\) COMPONB, a. «. TosetUe. M. Bmet, 

To COMPONX, a. n. To compound. iteOKs. 

COMPONIT, a4j' Compound ; in grammar. 

COHPONITIOUNS, t. Oomporition ; setttemeat «f a 
debt Act AndU. T. Coupon. 

COMPOSmOUN, «. "AdmimloB to memberdilp in 
a society." Aberd. Reg. 

G0MPREHSNS8, f . The act of comprising or Indod- 
ing. Aeti Mar^f. 

To C0MPRT8B, a. a. Legally to attadi for debt, ac- 
cording to the ancient form ; a forensic teim, 8. 
Balfom'i Praet,'-VT. com j preniire, «oa»pr<t. 

COHPBYBiat, t. The person who attaches the estate 
of another for debt, 8. 

COMPRTSINO, f . Attachment for debt 

To GOMPBOMIT, a a. To engage fliemselTes con- 
junctly ; used of those who pledge themselTCs mu- 
tually to any effect Oempromit is somethnes used 
as the prtt. PUaoaUio, — Lut. com f tcmiU^rt, id. 

To COMPBOMIT, a. ». To enter into a compromise ; 
a forensic term. 

COMPBOMIT, ff. Acompfamiss. JBa(/: iVosC. 

COMPTAR, CoaipnB, CoMpna-CLAmi, t. Meaning 
doubtAil. Perhaps a oorerlet for a bed, or counter- 
pane; or fhnn fr. aoay < afr, a table for casting 
aocountst or acoObr iw holding man^. Aherd, Beg. 

COMTHANKVOW, «(/. Oiataful; Ihanktel, Berwicks. 
STtdenHy Ibr umtta iii ybw ^ fkam the phiaaa to con 

CON, t. The squirrel, A. Bor., id. jroii<0iOMep<«: 
To CON, a. a. To Gov Thaitk. Y. Guv. 
OONABILL, ConiABLi, a4j. Attainable. Bottom', 

— Lat comaMitf what may be attempted. 
CON AN D, ptat. pr. Knowing ; skilful.— Vrom Am, to 

know, q. ▼. W}fnXiom%, 
To CONCBALB, CowcsxL, a. «. To concOiata » to 

reconcile, ifore. — Lat. wneH-io. 
CONCBITT, CovoBJLTT, aOj. 1. Conceited, 8. QiOt. 

%, Indicating affectation or self-conceit 8. 
CONCXIT-NBT, t. A fixed net OMd in some riTeia, 

8. B. 
To G0NCBI19B, a. a. To conceal, /aeenterlsf. 

* C0NCBBN8, M, ja. A term used to denote relations, 
whether by blood or marriage, 8. — From Vr. conceni- 
er, to belong to. 

CONCIOUN,t. 1. An assembly. S. An address made 
to an assembly. BMmdm. — ^Lat yocari ad ooncio- 
««>». Fr. ooncton is used in both senses. 

CONCCTBaB, t. Concurrence ; codpemtlon. AdU 
AmtmMji. — CbncurMif, as bearing this sense, Is a 
term of common use in the Lat of aeholastte theolo- 

* To CONDBMN, a. a. To block up in such n manner 
as to prerent all entrance or passage ; sometimes im- 
plying the idea cf corporeal dangv, 8. PMsoo^ 

To C0NDB8CBND, a. a. To specify ; to paftkndariae ; 

most generally with the prep, upon added, 8. thUkriit 

IbC0NDB8CBND.«.ii. To agree, 8. €Wplayn<5. 

— Fr. flpwirscaiMlre, to Touehsafe, to yield, to giant 

unto ; Cotgr. 
C0NDX8CBNDXNCX, a. A spedfloation of partlculaia 

on any sul^ect 8. SpdAing, 
OONDXT, CoanioT, Coanrr, a Safe conduct ; pass- 
port TToilaee. 
CONDT, t. A conduit 8. 
CONDICT, s. Conduit; passage Z^oitfflat.— Tout 

ftondMyl ; Fr. eofMhift, id. 
CONBINOLY, cOn. Agreeably ; loringly. Thus it is 

said of two cr more who seem to be Teiy happy in 

mutual societj, "They're sittan TcryoDndinfly there," 

8. B. — An oblique use of X. oond^imly. 
To CONDUCB, V. a. To hire. JPi(iooM<e.— Lat coii- 

diie-cre, id. 
CONBUCBB, «. One who hires. V. the a. 
CONDUCTIOUN, t. 1. The act of hiring in general.— 

Lat condMcMo, id. S. The hiring of troops. AdM Jo. 

OONXTXTHB, f. ▼. OoarvrB. 
To CONFAB, V. «. To conihbulate, 8. 
CONFAB, «. A confabulation, 8. 
C0NFBCT0CRI8, «. fL Confections.— Fr. cot^Umrtt, 

<' confeU ; Junkets ; all kind of sweetmeats,'* Ac., 

C0NFXCT8, t. jrf. Sweetmeats ; comfits. 
CONFKXRIN, peart. a4f. Consonant 8. B. Mom,^ 

Lat con / feiv- e , to compare. 
CONFEIRIN, eofv'. Considering. Joum. Ltmd. 
00NFBI8XD, part. pa. Confused ; the pronunciation 

of the north of 8. 
OONFBBXNCX, CoHPnanFoa, t. Analogy; agree- 
ment — L. B. an\ f iertiU-ia, collatlo, confoedwatlo. 

* 3b CONFB88, a. «. 1. To nmke a bottle coi^^, to 
drain it to the last drop, 1^ pouring or dripping, 8. 
%. To bring up the contents of the stomadk, 8. — Both 
senses seem to hare a ludicrous allusion to ^losdy 
confeadon to a prloat 




■ I 

OONFIDER, a4j, ConlMeimte. DoutHci.—fT. con- 
feder-tMt id. 

2^ OONVISKS, V. a. To oonflaeate. BeUenden.—'WT. 
etmJUqurer^ id. 

OONFORlilE, CktirroMf, «ui^. Oonfonnable. Aberd, 
Beo. — Fr. eot^^TniM, id. 

OONirOBT, i. Comfort, 8. ; 8am« orOiogmpbj In 

OONGST, i. LeaTO ; permiMion.— Fr. oongi. 

Tb GONOTEB, «. a. Tto strike monej ; to coin. Aberd. 
Rtg. y. Cuivna. 

CONOBXGATION, «. 1. The designation which the 
Befonaen In S. took to themselTes colleetlTelj, dnr- 
inf the reign of Qneen Mary ; vhen more fully ez- 
presied, tte ConortQotitm of ChriU. Knc^t Hist. 
2. The term is sometimes used in a more restricted 
sense, as denoting one part of the body of Protestants, 
dlstifl^^shed from another, according to local sitna- 
tion. Ibid. 

00N0BEGATI0NEB8. A deriTatiTe from the pre- 
ceding term, apparenUy formed by Keith, flrom con- 
tempt of the Beformers in Scotland. 

OONTNG, 9. Knowledge ; sklU. f in^s i^wUr, 

G0NIK0HI8, s. p{. Babbits ; B. omUm. 

OOVlUHCr FEB, s. A right of property granted in 
common to husband and wife ; a forensic- term, 8. 
Enk. Intt. 

CONJUBBD, a^. Used In the sense of parked, 

To OONN, V. a. To know. Barbour. 

To OONNACH, «. a. 1. Tb abase or spoil, in whatever 
way, Aberd. Pennemit, 2. To trample on. &» To 
laylsh or warte, Aberd. 01. 8mrv. Nairn. 

OONNAND, G0KAin>, a. 1. Engagement; contract. 
BaHnur, 2. Proffers ; terms previous to an engage- 
ment JFaUace. — Fr. eonveftantf from conven-iTf to 

CONNBBED, part pa. Curried. Chalmeri, Air.-^ 
Fr. conroff-tr, to carry, 

CONNIE, CoKVKis, «. Perhapa previsions. Ckmm. S. 
P. — 0. Fr. oonviff, neeesaaries ; Fr. ooncoi, 

CONNTSHONIB, «. A siUy, gossiping oonvezsatton, 

To CONNOCH, «. a. Y. Cokhaoh. 

OONNOCH, f. A disease. Fo<ioar(.— Gael. cofUMdk 
Is the murrain. 

To CONQUACE, CovQoas, «. a. 1. To acquire, whether 
by art or valour, DouoUu. 2. To acquire by con- 
quest WaUace. 8. To purchase with money. Beg. 

CONQUACE, CovQUMK, f. 1. Conquest. Wallace. 
2. Acquisition by purchase. Quon, Attaek.—L. B.* 
oonquatutt id. 

CONRADIZB, a4f. Perhaps perverse, or contumacious. 
W. Gutkritfa Serm. 

CONBTET, pret. Perhaps disposed. WaUaee.^-O. 
Fr. eonraeTt to prepare ; whence conro<, onto' of 

CONSCHAIFT, Cokshaft. t. Intelligence. Monra^B 
Exped. — Belg. kundaAap. 

CONSBBUATOUB, CoMSsavAToa, a. The name given 
to the person appointed to watch over the interests of 
Scottish merchants in the Netherlands, 8, JBrtft. 

CONST ABLB, a. A large glass, the contents of which 
he is obliged to drink who has not drunk as much as 
tlie rest of the company, or who tmnsgresses its 
rules, 8. . 

CONSTANCY, Conriar, s. Ff •* a coiiitoficy, Incet- 

sutly ; QBlnlnTaptedly, Aberd. Far a oMUtan^, id., 

Ang. Wi? a om M iiwaiice, id., Aberd. 
CONSTANT, adj. Evident ; manifest Acta Cfta. //. 

O. Fr. conairer ; Atre certain et Evident, Atre assort 

d'un fait ; de eoiMtare. Boquefort 
C0N8TEBIB, CoMBraT, a. Consistory. Forb. 
To CONSTITUTE, «. «. To open an ecclesiastical court 

with prayer, 8. 
lb C0N8TITUB, «.«. To constitnte; canttituande, 

constituting ; Fr. oms Whi sr, part pr. oonaUlMtuiU. 

Acta Jo. VI. 
CONSTBB, a. Aberd, Beg. Y. Coitstbaii. 

* 2b CONSTBUB, «. a. To apply the rules ot Syntax 

• tOv 8. Y. Budd. Ylnd. Buch. 
OONTAKE, t. Contest Douglaa, 

To CONTEYNB, v. s. To continue. WaUace. 

CONTEMNANDLIE, ado. Contemptuously ; In con- 
tempt Acta Mar^. 

CONTEM PNALT, ad*. Contemptuously. 

CONTEHPTION, ConvMraora, «. 1. Contempt Bet- 
lenden. 2. Disobedience to legal authority. 

To CONTBNB, «. n. To demean one's self. Barbour, 

CONTBNEU, s^ Tfenor. ComplapU 8ooi.^¥r, amtenu, 

CONTENINO, a. 1. Demeanour. Barbour, 2. Mili- 
tary discipline. Ibid. 

To CONTENT, «. a. To content and pay^ f . e. to pay 
to the satisfaction of the creditor ; to satisfy, by full 
payment, according to the Just extent of the claim. 
— Li B. amten^are, satisfaoere, nostris eoneen^er. 

CONTEB. A center, to theoontnry. JZosf.— Fr. opiUre, 

To CONTEB^ «. a. 1. To thwart, 8. B. 2. To contra- 
dict, ibid. Y. CoMTRAas, w. 

In CojrrAia, jprqi. In opposition to ; In spite of, 
Bnchan. Tarraafe' Poeana. 

CONTEB, t. Whatsoever crosses one's feelings or in- 
clinations, B. B. Y. CoinraABS. 

CONTEBMASHOUS, Comtkakashous, o^/. Perverse, 
Fife. Evidently corr. from E. oontuiiiacioiM. 

CONTEBMST, part. pa. Firmly set sgainst YFoUoce. 
Fr. o(m<rem<<-tre, to oppose. 

CONTER-TBEB, a. A cross bar of wood, a stick at- 
tached by a piece of rope to a door, and resting on 
the wall on each side, thus keeping the door shut 
from without, Aberd. Meams.— The word is evi- 
dently Arom E. counter, (Fr. eontre,) against, and 

CONTIOUE, a4/. Contiguous, Fr. 

CONTINUACIONE, a. Prorogation. Y. the «. 

To CONTINITB, «. a I. Todelay. iS[potn0ood. 2. To 
prorogue. Acta Ja, III. 

CONTBAGT, a. The application made to the clerk of 
the parish to onregister the names of a couple for 
proclamation of the bans.—" When a couple are to 
many, the brid^room, accompanied by the bride's 
fisther, and a few friends, waits upon the teiurion- 
derk for— getting the bans published. This always 
takes place on a Saturday evening, and is termed 
* the contract night.' From the oontraet night to 
the afternoon of th^ Sunday after their marriage, the 
parties are termed bride and bridegroom, and during 
this period, neither must attend either wedding or 
funeral ; or the consequences will be, in the former 
case, that their flrst-bom child will ' break Diana's 
pales,' and in the latter, never be married."— .Sdm. 
Jfoa. Nov. 1814, p. 411. 

To OONTBACT, «. a. To give In the names of a couple 
for proclamation of bans. 





To CONTRATAIT, Cowmkwn, «. a. 1. To eoiint«iMt 
2. Used alao in the sense ef 1. imitaU.^Jrom L. B. 
eontrtufac-eret la. contrt^faet-mt. 

CONTBAMASHOUS, adj. Self-vIUed ; opposed to all, 
Lanarks. T. CoxTBRMiBHODS. 

OONTRAIS, (H^*. Contrary. Fr. BaUHe. 

OONTRAIR, prep. In opposition to, 8. IHtaooiUe, 

Iv CoimuBi, prtp. Against ; in opposition to ; In 
the oontrair^ to the contrary ; Intmr mntrart^ against 
or in opposition to ns, ibid.— Vr. eontrairie, against ; 
au con^raire, on the contrary. 

To CONTRARB, Gohtbb, o. a. To thwart ; to oppose, 

' S. TTyntoam.— Fr. oontrwr-ier^ id. 

CX)NTBAB]^ ». L Opposition of any kind. Jkmolat, 
2. Something oontraiy to one's feelings or hopes. 
Ros^ ConUr^ S. B. 

CONTRABISUH, o^;'. Perrerae ; of a froward hoaoar, 

CONTBBGOUP, 4. Oppoaltton ; a repnlae in the pur- 
suit of any objecti Ayn. — Fr. ctmtre, against, and 
coifp, a stroke. 

CONTRIKOST, a4n. Against the hill; upwards. 
JDou0.—Vr. controMoat, direetiy against the stream ; 
0. Fr. 9ouiUremont, en haut, en remontant ; contra 

To CONTBOTSNS, v. a. To be sultfected to. 8yn. 
with S. ifwmr. Acta Ja. VI. — Lat. eontr a ven-ire, to 
come against ; like ineiiiTere, to run upon. 

To CONTBUFB, «. a. To oontilTe ; contruwU, part 
pa. I>ou§Uu. — Fr. eon^^mvett id. 

GONTRUWAR, t. A contriTer. 

CONTUMAGED, part. pa. " Accused of contumacy." 
Gl. Spalding. Perhaps acted contumaciously, or was 
pronounced contumacious.— From Fr. eontwmac-tr. 

GONTUMAZ, a<^. Contumacious, Ut. 

CONTABLE, adj, Coprenient; eligible. Aherd. Sep. 

CONTEBN, f . A meeting ; a couTention, Aberd. W. 
BeaUUfs TdUs. 

To CONYEL, V. cb To confute ; to set adde.— This 
term is Tory forcible, being from lAt. conioMeref to 
pluck up by the roots. 

To CONVENE, CoKTiAiia, Cojnjsiv, v. «. To agree. • 
Forbet.~-TT. eonv€n-<r ; lat conveiMre, Id. 

CONVENIABLB, adj, Conrenlent.— Fr. coiwenaMe, 
id. AcU Ja. I, 

CONTBNIFNT, adj. Satisflcd ; agreeing to; used as 
vynon. with greable, AdiJa, III.— Jr. eonvenant, 
Id., from conven-tr. 

OONYETH, CcirsvRHB, Gmmra, Cnvsmtta, t. A 
duty formerly paid in 8. to the superior or ecclesias- 
tical superiors. — Apparently fkom Lat eonviet^us, 
signifying ordinary food, meat, and drink, Ac., espe- 
cially as intended for those who liTcd bi society ; 
from con and vioo. Ancient name of Uturencdclrk. 

CONVICT, t. A rerdlct or Judgment finding a person 
guilty ; an old forenslo term. AeU Jfory.— Lat 

CONUTN^ GoimKB, Commri, CoTm, Cownta, 
CvwTii, t. 1. Paction ; convention. DovaUu.— Fr. 
eonventt id. 2. OondiUoo ; state. Barbour, 8. 
Ftratagem ; conspiracy. Wfniown.—0. Fr. eonvine, 
OMiHnc, pratique, intrigue. 

To CONVOY, V. a. To accomplish any purpose^ espe- 
cially by artful means. Ihuglai. 

CONVOY, «. 1. Modeofoonyeyanoe. Baittie. 2. A 
trick. Poemt 16A Cent. 8. Prudent or artful m»* 
nagement PittoottU. 

CONVOYANCE, s. Art ; flneMe. Spdldino. 

* OONVO Y, t. The act of aeoompanying a person part 

of his way homeward, cr on a Journey, 8. In modem B. 
the term is restricted to accompaniment for the pur- 
pose of defence. In 8. the more general sense of the 
Fr. tenn is retained, as simply denoting " an accom- 
panying," Cotgr. 2. The company at a marriage that 
goes to meet the bride, 8. B. 8. A Scoti convoy, ac- 
companying one to the door, or, "o'er the dorestane,** 
8. In Aberd. it is understood as signifying more 
than half way home. 4. A Kdeo convo/y. Y. BLslbo. 

CONWOY, «. Mien ; carriage. Dunbar. 

000*0, o^;. Y. CuDB, Cuin. 

OOODIB, CiToia, t. 1. A onall tub ; alao ends. 
Quiddie, Aberd. Sameay. 2. A wooden ehamber-pot, 
Aberd. Ol. Shirrefi.—Ul. kuttCj tonnula; GaeL 
ciotadt a tub. 

COOF, CuFS, «. 1. A simpleton ; a silly, dastardly 
fellow, 8. Burm. 2. A male who interferes with 
what is properly the department of the female, in 
domestic duties ; a cotquean, Boxb.->8u. G. k^fio-Ot 
to ke^ under ; Isl. kueif, one who is cowardly and 

To COOK, Cook, v. n. 1. To appear and disappear hj 
fits. Bum*. 2. To hide one's self. ITennec^.— 
Isl. JMk-a, moto, qyika, inquieta motatio ; or Germ. 
Inidb-en, synon. with piicfc-en, spectare, prospectare. 

To COOKE, V. a. To take a long draught or pull of any 
liquid, (pron. long,) Ettr. For. Obriously the same 
with Isl. leoJbHi, also jiiolr-a, deglutire, from kokt 
quok, OS, sire gula yel fauces, the month, throat, or 

COOKE, s. A dmqght, properiy applied to liquids, ibid. 
8ynon. Olode. 

COOKIfi, «. A species of fine bread used at tea, of a 
round form, 8.— Tout koeek, libum ; Belg. ftoeiWe, a 
llHle cake. 

COOLIN, s. A sport, transmitted firom rery remote an- 
tiquity; which is BtMl retained in the Hebrides and 
West Highlands of 8. on the last night of the year. 

COOLRIFE, a4j. 1. Cool ; ooU, 8. Bos*. 2. Indiffer- 
ent, 8. W. CiDU>airs. 

COOM, «. 1. The wooden frame used in building the 
ardi •of a bridge, & StatiMt. Aoe, 2. The lid of a 
GolBn, from its being arched, Fife, Boxb. Allied, 
perhaps^ to Qttenut q. r. 

COOM, «. 1. The dust of coals, 8. 2. 8mall coal, & 
Oulmj B. 8. Flakes of soot emanating from the smoke 
of coals In the act of burning, Boxb. If ooom hang 
from the bars of a grate like shreds of silk, it is 
Tlewed by the superstitions as foretokening the ar- 
riTal of strangers, within twenty-four hours, pro- 
Tided the flakes fall down from the wind produced by 
clapping the hands together. If not. It is said that 
the strangers are not going to «piU down, i, c, to 
alight, Teviotd. 4. Mmiddy Coom, the ashes of a 
blacksmith's furnace, Means.— Fr. «eum«, dross. 

COOMY, adj. Begrimed with the dust of coals, 8. TU 

COOMB, ». The bosom of a hlU, baring a semi-circu- 
lar form, 8outh of 8. ^U6«n'# Wake.—C. B. cwirnn, 
▼allls, couTallis ; A. 8. com6, coMte, a ralley or low 
plain between two hlUs. 

COOM-CEII/D, a<0'. Having the arched, or sloping 

ceiling of a garret-reom, 8. 
To COONJER, «. a. To glye a drubbing to, applied 
either to man or beast ; as, " to cooi^er a dog," 
dydes. Boxb. 
COONJEBS, t. ^. A scolding. Ibid. 
COOP, Covp-CAaT, f. 1. A cart made dote with boards. 







8. Stat, Aee. 3. A ctrti the box of whioh moves 
tqpon its Mhafts bj hinges, by which means U maj be 
emptied of its loed withont unyoking the hone, 8. 
Pram tiie v. te Cb«jn, to OTertnm.— Took kupe, a 
laige Teasel for oontaiuiBg Uqoids. 

fto OOOP, V. a. To hoop ; to bind with hoops. Jiioo- 
biU JKsUcs.— Tevt. Iwj(p-eii, Tiere, oos sssm , coascare 

OOOP, <. A small heap ; as, '* A eoop of mnok,'* aheap 
of dnng, Lanarks.'- Gem. kopft smnmitas; A. %.oopi 
copp€f apex. 

OOOPSB O* 8T0B0. A phmse used in the sooth of 
8., for denoting one who exoels another in any par- 
ticular line, or who is father-beUer, It is said to 
hare had a local origin, from a co<q;>er who was an- 
rlralled in his professioii. 

0006BB,«. Astsllion. V. CuBSil. 

0006T, Ovist, t. " He has a gude cooH," he Is staong- 
bodled, Liddesdala.— IsL Jboit-r, pinguedo. 

0008T, V. jirft. Cast. 

C00STSN,|NiH.jxi. Oast. 

• COOT, «. This name is givoB to the GoiUemot, 
ColymboB Troile, Meams. 

COOT, «. The ancle. T. Cuts. 

2^ COOTOHXB, o. a. To parcel oot, Rozb. Shall we 
▼lew this q. coC-iAars, to divide into huts or small 
apartments t 

GOOTH, 8. A yeong coal-fish* Y. Cuth. 

OOOTHIE, A^'. Kind ; affectionate, 8. 

COOTIE, t, 1. A wooden kitchen dish. 2. The liquid 
contained in such a ressel, Ayrs. Local pronuncia- 
tion of CoodiCt CStditt q. ▼. a small tub. It ap- 
pnusttn more nearly, indeed, to Gael, dataa, id. 
8. A bucket shaped like a barrel, Lanarks. 

COOTIB, a4j. A term applied to fowls whosaiegs are 
chui with feathers, 8. Bmnu. 

COP, CoPB, t. A cup or drinking Tessel. Jhmbot, — 
A. 8. oqp ; Isl. kopp, id. 

COPAMRY, M. A press for holding eupt, Ac. ^fterd. 
Jleg. T. AuMBiB. 

COPS, f. A coffin ; '* a Mpc of leld," a leaden ooOn. 
Knox., T. Caip. 

3b COPE betumet to dlrldt. King fforC.— Fr. oo«|^er, 
to eat, to cleave. 

COPER, «. A dealer. Y. Courn. 

COPHOUSB, ». A place for keeping CMpt.— Itl. i^ifsp, 
Dan. Belg. Jbop, Hisp. capo, ItaL eegipat Pr. ftnifie, 
scyphns, crater. 

OOPY, «. Plenty; abundance, iryntowa.— lAt.oop<a. 

OOPILL, «. A variety of CebU, eobOl, a smaU boat. 
Aberd. Rtg, 

COPMAMHAWIK, ConuiHAViH, «. Copenhagen, 
Ahtrd, Meg, 

GOPOUT. <' To pUy eogwiif," to drink off all that is in 
a cup or drinking veaseL C^p-oitf, 8. Jknifflat, 

OOPPER, t. A enp4Marer. Polios q^ ^o».— Evi- 
dently ftrom A. 8. cop^ a cup. 

COPPIN, part. pa. Coppin in hevin, elevated to 
heaven. Kintft Quair.-^A. 8. cop, the summit 

COR, Cdb, Cab, an inseparable particle, entering into 
the composition of a oonaiderable number of Scot- 
tish words, those especially qraken in Hentdth. Y. 

a lamentation for the dead, 8. Lyniaayj—lx. Gael. 
eoroModk, fkmn coro, a quoir ; ImX. okoms. 2. Aoiy 
of alarm ; a sort of war-cry. Bannat^fne Poemi. 8. 
A proclamation of oatlavry by ^leans of the bagpipe. 

OORBACK, $. The roof of a house, Domfjr.— 0. B. cor, a 
point, ftokfc, prominent, towering ; q. *<the towering 
point" of a house. It may, however, be allied to 8.tetiA». 

OORBAUOIB, «. '* There eomee in Corbaudte," That 
Is the obstacle ; used in regard to a plausible hypo- 
thesis, irtiich is opposed by some great dUBcolty that 
oocozB. Upp-Clydes.— 0. B*. eortfwjfoA, a domineer- 
ing or keeping down^ Owen. 

CORBIE, CoBBT, s. A mven ; Oorvus oosax, lina., 
8. Henrymme, This, like the Pffot or Maopitt as 
well as the hamlem crow. Is, in the estimation of 
the vulgar and superstitious, a bird of evil omen^'- 
Fr. oorbeoM ; Ital. oervo ;. lat cdhmm, id. 

CORBIE- AITS, «. jfi. A species of black oats, deno- 
minated, perhaps, from their daric colour, 8. B. 

CORBIE MESSENGER^ A messenger who either 
returns not at all, or too late ; alluding to- Neah's 
raven, 8. HouUtiit, 

CORBIE-STEPS, «.^. The prq|ections of the stones 
on the slanting part of a gable, resembling steps of 
stairs, 8.— Fr. corbean, a CQrii>ell in masonry. 

CORBIT, <u^. Appazentiy crooked. JfatfUoMd.— Fr. 
oourM, id., coMrft^fe, a small, crooked rafter. 

CORBnYLE,«. Leather greatly thickened and hard- 
ened in the preparation ; Jacked leather. Douglaz. — 
Fr. tMAir hovAXU^ oorium decoctom. 

CORCHAT, s. Crotchet, a term in music Amftor. 

' CORCOLET, t. A purple dye, Shett. 

CORCUDDOCH, ocf;. Kindly ;,good-humoored, Aberd. 


CORD ALE, «. A term fonaerl^ used for the tackling 

ef a ship. Jt&erd. Rto.—^x. oordaQlt, id. 
> CORDELERIS KN0TTI8. An ornament In embroi- 
dery anciently worn by ladies in S. Imetntoriu. — 
Fr. oordelerie, "knotted oord-worke In eBobroidery," 

CORDEYAN, o^f. A term appUed to seal-skin or 
horse-skin, used as leather, 8. Corr. from Cobdowav. 

OORDYT, pret. v. Agreed. fToKaoe.— Fr. aoeordie. 
CORDON, «. A band ; a wreath. Z. Boyd,—9t. Id. 
OORDONIT, part. pa. Perhaps, wreathed.— Fr. oor* 

donn4, twined, plaited, wreathed, made into a cord. 
CORDAWAN, «. Spanish leather, Gl 8U>b. Tanned 

horse-leather, 8. — Frinn Cordova. 
CORDS, f. pi. A contraction of the muscles of the 

neck ; a disease of horses, A. Bor. Folwart. 
CORE, s. Heart. Tt break on^s core ; to break one's 

hear^ Fife.— Fr. oorar, id. 
CORE, «. A company ; a body of men ; often naed A>r 

eorpe. HamiUon, 
Iir Cobb. In company; together, Aberd. — Isl. for, 

Teut. koor, chorus. 
OORF, fl. 1. A basket used for canrying coals ftom the 

pit, Loth. 2. Anciently a basket, in a general sense. 

8. Basket-work in silver, /nventoriei.— Belg. kor/; 

Isl. koerf; Lat. wrb-iit id. 
OORF, «. A temporary building ; a shed. Bannatynd 

Poemt. — A. 8. erif/^ a vault ; Teut. kr^fte^ a cave. 

Perhaps rather Isl. Iporftoe, tuguriolum. 
CORF-HOUSE, t. A house, a shed, erected for the 

purpose of curing salmon, and for keeping the nets 

in, S. B. Courant. 
CORFT, part. pa. Oorjt JUk, are fish boiled with salt 

and water, 8. B. 
To CORIS, V. a. To curry leather. Y. the t . 
GORIER, t. A currier.— Fr. oorrcy-er, oowroy-er, to 

eurty ; whence oourroyeiir, a currier. 
CORK, f . 1. An overseer ; a stewaid ; a cant term. 





Upp. laaarkfr S. A nane gjTen bj openttTe weavera 
to the agenta of mannfacturera, Olydea. 8. The 
same term la applied by Joarnexmen tailora to their 
maatera, Loth. 

COBKSa^ t. The aoclent name for the Lichen ompha- 
lodea, now in S. called C\ui6ear, q. t.— Qael. ooroor, 
the Lichen tartareoa, Ughtfoot, p. 812. Shaw girea 
eorcuir aa algniiying, " purple, a red dye.'* 

CORKT, 04;. AI17 ; brisk. S*r J. Sinclair. 

CORKT-HSADIT, cui^, Lighi-headed ; giddy, Boxb. 

GORKT-NODDLX, f. A light-headed peraon ; or one 
whoae wiadom floata on the aurCMe, Boxb. 

OOBKIS^ t. The laigeat kind of pin ; a bodkin-pini 
Fife. CcrkiHit-pinf X. 

COBKIN-PBESN, a. Gorking-pin, 8. 

COBKIByt. The Lecfaanoia tartaiea of the Highlaada 
and lalea. Y. OgaKis. 

COBMOLABB, t. Perhapa rotten-hearted, worthleaa 
peraona.— Trom Tr. fltaur malade Bdhavem MS, 

GOBlfTTNDUlI. To cry Cbnattfidiras toconfeaaafitnlt. 
Kmnedff.-^ln alluaion to one of the Penitential 

To OOBMUNDUM, o. i». To confeaa a faoU ; to own 
one'a aelf Tanqoiihed ; to ane for peace, Ayra. 

COBN, a. The name commonly given in Scotland to 
oata before thcj are groond. In I. and other 
northern languagea thia word aigniflea giain in gene- 
mi ; but Ihre obaer?ea that the term ia eapedally 
naed to denote that speciea of grain which ia moat 
commonly naed in any particular region. Henoe in 
Sweden, Iceland, Ac., the term denotea barley, while 
In 8., for obvlotta xeaaona, it ia appropriated to oata. 

To COBN, o. a. 1. To gire a horae the nanal qaantity 
of oata allotted to him, 8. ro/eed, B. Burnt. 2. 
Applied metaphorically to a man who haa got auch a 
Viodicuim of intoxicating liqnor aa to be exhilarated ; 
aa, " Thae lada are weel oomed;" 8. 

COBN-CABT, f. An open qioked cart, X. Loth. 

OOBNGBAIK, a. 1. The Cmke or I^nd-raU ; BaUos 
crex, Linn. BondaU. 2. A hand-cattle, naed to 
fdghten birda from aown aeed or growing com ; de- 
nominated from ila harah aoond, aa xeaembling the 
ciy of the rail. V. Gbaik. 

COBN-HABP, a. An inatmment made of wire for 
fk«eing giaLn from the aeeda of weeda. Jigr. Stm. 
^aimt. and Morayt. 

GORNBILL, OoBnuxo, GoanLUso, «. Apparently 
the atone called Cbmelion. 

*GOBNXB, a. To put one to a conuTt to aaaome pre- 
cedency or authority in a hooae. l\wrd, Suppl. J}te. 

GOBNETT, a. The enaign of a company of caTaliy. — 
Fr. eonutte, id. Actt Ja. VI. 

GOBNETTIS, a. pi. A kind of female head-dreaa dia- 
tinct firom the coif. Jnventoriea. 

GOBN Y, 04/. Fraitful or plentif ol In grain ; ai^ " The 
last waa a corny year," Aberd. 

GOBNIB WABK. Food, properly that made of grain. 
Tent teren-ioerdlc, bread, paniflcium ex frumento, 

G0BNIX8KBAU0H, a. The rail, a bird, Moray, 8. 
Cbmcraft ; •kramok being ayn« with oraiXe, aa de- 
noting a cry. 

GOBNKYLB, f . A chronicle. WaU^cc 

COBNYT, GoaxR,jMrf.j)a. ProTided with grain, .iete 

GOBNOY, a. Borrow or trouble, Berwicka.— 49appoaed 
to be from Fr. oocmr ney^ a trouUed or oTeiwhehned 

OOBNE PIP^ a. A reed or whlaUa^ with a horn 

fixed to it by the smaller end. T. BtoOK axd 

GOBP, a. A oorpae ; a dead body. 

OOBPEBAIJ^ GoaPoaALL, a. The linen in which the 
boat waa kept. Inventoriet. — Fr. corp&raUi the fine 
linen wherein the aerament ia put, Gotgr. 

GORPSB-SHEET, a. A ahroiid ; a winding-aheet Seart 

OOBPS-PBESXNT, a. A funeral gift to the Ghurch, 
for aupplying any deficient on the part of the de- 
oeaaed. JTnox.— Fr. cbrpt and prt$aU-cr, q. to 
preaent the body for interment; or Fr. pre$ent, a 

GOBBACH, Coaaiox, a. A pannier, Aug.— Sn. O. 
korg^ a pannier or basket 

GOBBBNOY, a. Adiatuibance in the bowela ; a rumbl- 
ing noise in the belly, Fife.^Perhaps from the Fr. ; 
q. oeaMT cnnuyi, internally disquieted ; aa we apeak 
of a Aeor^-coUc. 

GOBBIB, a. A hoUow between hllla, or rather in a hiU, 
Gael. ; alao cordkaod, 8. Statist. Ace 

To GOBBIB ON. To hold intimate oorreapondence in 
a low aort of way, to the exclusion of otheia ; to goa- 
alp together ; generally applied to two persona, who 
become neceasaiy to each other, and feel no want of 
enlarged aociety ; Lanariu. — It ia not Teiy remote 
in aense from Tent Iwyer-en, nugari, oonfabulari, 

GOBBIBNBTJCHIN, partpr. GooTeraing t^^t^ta. 
Two old wiyes, talking yeiy familiarly by themaelyeak 
are said to be oorrieneucJkin, Fife. — It ia also uaed 
aa a a. Persona are aald to hold a eorrieneuAin. 
Periiapa q. to oorria in the neuk or comer, Y. preced- 
ing word. 

GOBS, CoBSB, a. 1. The crosa or rood, 8. Wynioum. 
2. A crucifix. 8. Market-plaoe, 8. ; from the croM 
being formerly erected there. Pidecn,—Siw. jfcora, id. 
4. The name aometimea given to a piece of silver- 
money, fkom its bearing the figure of a crosa. 6. 
The deaignation of the aignal formerly aent round 
for convening the inhabitants of Orkney. Y. Fran 

GOBS, GoBsa, «. An animated body. Awffloa.— Fr. 

G0BSB0LLI8, j4. Groaabowa. CbmpIayn^A 

OOBSES, a. pi. Money, from its bearing the figure of 
the cross. Dunbar. 

GOBSOABD, a. Uaed metaphorically to denote a place 
of residence.— Fr. corpt de ffardt^ " a court of gaid, 
in a campe, or fort," Gotgr. 

GOBSYBXLLY, a. A ahirt for a ehild, open before, 
8. B. JBoat.— Q. a ahirt that ia folded aerott the 
belly. Applied to t#o pina laid acroaa. 

OOBSPBXSAND, a. Synon. Corpt-preecnt. 

To G0B88, Goasa, «. a. To crosa, to lay one body 
athwart another. — Sw. kortadt croaaed. Seren. 2. 
To cross, to go across, Bucban. Tarrat. 8. To 
thwart, Gl. ibid. 

GOBSSY, o^;'. Big-bodied ; corpulent J>oudlat. 

GOBTBB, a. 1. A quarter. Gorr. from qwarter, Aberd. 
2. A ci^e, because quartered, ibid. Journal Lond, 

Gaowx ov THS Goarsa, 1. The rectangular comer of 
the quarter of an oaten cake, Aberd. 2. Metaph. the 
principal or best part of any thing, ibid. 

GOBTBS, Coana, t. pi. The designation given to a 
apedea of Freiwh coin, of the aiq>posed value of a 
farthing, brought into Scotland in former agea. Actt 
Ja. J 11. 

GOBT STOP, a veaael for holding a qnoari. 




OOBUIB, f. A CTOoked Iron for pnllliif dofrn bolld- 
ings. J7«dioik^Vr. oorfteav, " ft certain WBriike In- 
•tnunent," Cotgr. 

00&T7YN, «. A kind of leather. DouqUu. Oorr.from 
Oordowan, q.r. 

OOSGH, G08H% c. A ooneh. Bruee.—Vr. eodke. 

To OOSS, Co88, Goiss, v. a. To exchange. Com, Loth. 
BerwlckB. Wallace, 

GOSH, acO*. Denoting inch a position that a hollow li 
left below an object, Qallowaj. Y. ToaoH, Tobohb, a4/. 

OOSH, adj, 1. Neat ; snug ; as denoting a comfort- 
able situation, 8. Fermuon. 2. Oomfortable ; as 
indndlng the idea of defence fkom cold, Ayrs. 
Picken, 8. Quiet ; without interroptlon, 8. MinO, 
Border. 4. In a sUte of intimaej, 8.— IsL ir<ot, a 
small place well fenced. 

008HLY, adv. Snugly, 8. Ferovaim. 

OOSIE, «. A straw-basket Y. Oassii. 

008IE, GoziB, adj. Warm ; comfortable ; snog ; well- 
sheltered, 8. Bwnu. This seems radleallj the same 

To Look Cozii, to hare the appearance of being com- 
fbrtable ; to exhibit symptoms <rf good-humonr, Vlfe, 
Dumfr.— Gael. ooiiO/oa/A^ snug. Y. Golbii. 

008IELY, ado. 8nugly ; comfortably, 8. Aosuay. 

GOSINGNAGE, GonioRAVOs, «. 1. A relation by 
blood ; a cousin. BdUnden. 2. A grand-daqghter, 
or a niece, ibid. 

3b GOSS, V. a. To exchange. Y. Coaa. 

G08SIN0, «. The act of exchanging. Skeiu, 

G088NSNT, «. To work at oonnenl, to reoelTe 
wages without Tietuals, 8. To work Hack eottnemt, 
to woric without meat or wages, Ayr. — Tr. enui 
aneantij cost abrogated, q. exxtenses not borne. 

G08T, t. Bide. Y. Goisr. 

GOST, i. 1. Duty payable In kind, as distingalshad 
from that paid in money. It fireqnently occurs in 
old writs or rentals in Orkney, corresponding with 
Cane in our old deeds, 8. AeU Ja. VJI. 2. This 
term seems latterly to have been, in Oricney, in a 
q>ecial manner appropriated to meal and malt, ibid. 
8. It is alio used, in Orkney, to denote the suste- 
nance given to a servant, as distinct from money ; 
as, "I got so much money in wages, besides my 
ooff," i. c, what is given for subsistence in kind, 
such as a certain quantity of meal per week. This 
Is evidently the mme with Cottt. 

COST AGS, t. Expense. Douplat. 

To G08TAT, «. n. To coast. Wfntown, 

OOBTER, i. A piece of arable land. — ^Peihaps flnom 
L. B. cotter-iumt a comer of land. 

COT, «. Perhaps eoat or covering. 

To GOT with one^ v. n. To cohabit, 8. B. q. to live In 
the same ool. 

COTS, 9. A rate. Cot* of a iettamant, the rate or 
quota due, according to the value of the legacies. 
AeU Ja. r. 

COTERAL, 9. An elastic piece of thin split Iron, put 
through any bolt to prevent it ftrom losing hold, ss 
the end opens after passing through the orlilce, fier- 

COTHIB, (u^. Warm ; snug ; comfortable, Perths. 
Synon. with Cooie. Of the nme stock with Coutk^ 
OotUhie, q. v. Jh^t Poenu. 

COTHIELT, adv. Snugly, Fife. CamfMl, 

OOTHRUGH, adj. Rustic, Ac. Y. Godbooh. 

GOTLANDSR, s. A cottager who keeps a horse for 
ploughing his small piece of land, X. Loth. — ^From 
O. KeoOafMl. 

OOTMAN, f. A cottager, OaUoway. 

OOTT TAIL. Y. Ooat^ail. 

COTTAR, Gorro, «. One who Inhabits a ool, or cot- 
tage, dependent on a Cum, 8. 8taii$t, Aoe^^L. a 
oottar^uo; Fr. eoUter, Id. Henoe 8. cottermamt 
eoiteffovk^ Ac 

GOTTAR-WARK, «. Stipulated work done by cot- 
tagers to the fkrmer on whose land they dwell, 8. 
Apr. Sttrv. Caithn. 

To COTTER, e. «. To get a piece of ground five of 
rent for one year, to laise potatoes ; the manure and 
culture being considered an equivalent for the use of 
the ground. The person who thus raises potatoes Is 
said to cotter. 

7b COTTER egga ; to drop them Into a pan, and stir 
them round with a iltUe butter, tiU they be in an 
edible state, 8.— Allied, perhaps, to Tent hoter-en, 

OOTTBRIB, «. Apparently provlston as to a plaee of 
habitation. Agr. Aire. Intern. 

GOTTOWN, Conov, CotTAn-Towv, $. A smaU village, 
or hamle^ possessed by eottar$t or cottagers, depend- 
ent on the principal fisrm, 8. Agr. Sun. Foifan. 

GOYAN, «. A convent Dmibar. Anciently written 
oopent. Sir Oaman,^ln 8. caivin is still used for 

00UATY3B, CovsTOB, Cowattbs, «. 1. OovetouB- 
nessL Douglat.^O. Fr. eouvoitiie, id. 2. Ambition, 
or the lust of power. Bartow. 

COUBROON, o^. Low-bom, or nistie. 

Tb GOUGHER, v. a. To be able to do what another 
eannot accomplish, who eontends la a trial of strength 
or aglUty. He who fails Is said to be eoucker'd, 8.— 
Fr. ceueh-er ; Tent koeti-en, cubare. 

GOUGHER, s. A coward ; a poltroon*^ JSMOer/brd. 
From the E. v. sduc4, Fr. coudi-er. 

GOUGHER'S BLOW. 1. The blow glren by a cowardly 
and mean fellow, Immediately before he gives up, 8. 
2. It is also used In a passive sense, as denoting the 
parting blow to which a dastard submlte ; as, / gied 
[gave] him the eotuher-blow, 8. 0.; <. e., he submitted 
to reeeire the last blow. 

GOUDIE, a^. V. Coctb. 

To COUDLE, V. n. To float ; as a feather alternately 
rising and sinkhig with the waves, Roxb.— C. B. 
cod'if signifies to rise, to lift up, oawd^ what is raised 

GOYB, «. A cave, S. A. Bor. Bdlmdm.^A. 8. 
oofe, Isl. Iw/e, id. 

G0YERAT0UB[, t. Aooverietforabed. /Mvenloriet. 
Fr. oouvertiire, id. 

GOYETTA, a. A plane need for moutding framed 
work, called also a (^uarter^round, 8. 

3b GOUQHER, (gutl.) «. ». To continue to cough. 
Used in this form, Covgherin* and Bloekerin*. Svl- 
dentiy a derivative fhim E. eough, or Tent kmek-en, 
id. Y. Bloohbe, v. 

GOUOHT, for coiK^. Gould. 8. P. Sep. 

GOUHIRT, «. Cow-herd. DwUhjot. 

CO YINE, : Fraud ; artifice. * * But fraud or eovfne," 
South of 8.— This is an old Scottish law phrase. Y. 

GOYIN-TRBB, ». A large tree in the front of an old 
Scottish manslon-honse, where the laird always met 
his visitors, Boxb. Similar to 3Vv«t<fi^3Ve8. Y. 

To OOUK, «. II. To retch. Y. Cook. 

To COITK, V. ft. A term used to denote the sound 
emitted by the euokoo. MonUnmerie, 




COUL (proD. like B. oool)r «• A night-cap ; In some 
plaoea Coulitt 8. Apparently from X. Cowt, a hood 
worn bj monks. 

COULIB, CowLiB, «. 1. A bC7, 8. So. O. haXU, Id. 
2. A term applied to a man In the language of oon- 
tempt, 8. CUland. 

OOULPE, 9. A faolt. Complafnt B.—Jfr. eoulpet 
Lat. culp-a. 

COULPIT, part, pa. Apparently, bartered, for eompiL 
Maitland Poewu. 

COULTBB-NXB, t. A sea-fowl and Urd «f paasag«, 
Western Isles. T. Bocgir. 

OOULTEB-NIBBIT, o4f. Having a long nose. PtHU 

COUMIT-BBP, t. A bed formed of deals on all sides, 
except the fh>nt, which is hung with a eortain, 
Boxb.— This, I think, is the same with Akove-bedf 
from 8. Co<ym, as denoting the arched form of the 
flront. Ooom may be allied to 0. B. cwm, a rounding 
together, Owen. 

OOUNCIIrPOST, t, A term, in Scottaad, for a 
special messenger, such as was formerly sent with 
despatches by the Lords of the Council. BotweWt 

To OOUNGXIR, V. a. To ooojnre. Ahp. HamQUmn. 

COUNGBRAB, «. A coixJarer, ibid. 

To COUNJBB, «. a. To intimidate or still by threat- 
ening, Clydea. V. Coomjbb. 

COUNYIB, fl. Perhaps, motion. Dunter. — Fr. 
ooi^m-er, to beat, to strike. 

COUNT, t. An aocompt, 8. 

OOCNTBR, t. A person learning arithmetic. *' A 
gnde counter f" one who is skilfol in casting aeeonnta, 
8. T. OoDxnvo. 

COUNTEBOHSCK, CovsmoiraoK-FLAn, t. A tool 
for working ont that groove which onMes Ae two 
Adies of a window in the middle, 8. 

To COUNnOtOOtTP, V. a. 1. To overcome ; to snr- 
monnt, Ayrs. 2. Torepnlse, ibid. 3. To OTertom, 
ibid. 4. To destroy, ibid. 

To OOUNTXBVAOTX, v, n. To «onnterfeie. ,AeU 
Ja. VI. 

COUNTINO, s. The common name for the science of 
arithmetio ; as, " I gat nae mair learning than read- 
ing, writing, and ceuntino^** 8. 

To COUNT KIN wtCJi one^ to compare one's pedigree 
with that of another. It Is common for one who has 
perhaps been .spoken of disrespectfully. In regard to 
his relations, to say cf the person who has done so, 
*' 111 eowrt Mn ¥tC him whenever he likes,** 8.— This 
evidently refers to the genealogical aooounta kept of 
families, especially in feudal times. 

COUNTY B, GowvTiB, s. 1. Encounter. OoufUu. 
2. A division of an army engaged in battle. TTol- 

COUNTRY, •. In the Highlands of 8. oonntoy Is used 
to denote a particular district, though very limited. 

COUNTRY DANCE, a particular kind of danoe, viewed 
as of 8cotti^ origin, in which a number of couples 
fonn double rows, and dance a figure from the top to 
the bottom of (he room, 8. Boa. 

COUNTBY-KXEP£R, «. One employed In a particu- 
lar district to apprdbend delinquents, 8. Talet of 
tty Landlord. 

COUNTRY-SIDE,. «. The common term with the vul- 
gar in 8., for a di«eritftor tract of country. Anti' 

COUP, t. Iieg. Caupt i. e., cap or bowl. Hooff» 

To COUP, CowF, V. a. 1. To exchange, lo barter, 8. 
A. Bor. 2. To expose to sale, Roxb. 8. To buy and 
sell ; to trafflc ; commonly used In this sense, Aberd., 
but only of an Inferior kind of tade. — 8u. O. Xeoep-a, 
id.; lal. ftoMpHS, vendere. 

COUP, f. 1. Exchange, 8. MaUlmnd Poem*. 2. A 
good bargain ; any thing punchased below its Just 
value ; used Ironically, as, *' yeill get a ooMp cf him." 
Cfl. Sure. MonBjf,—%m. koep^ itnrphaaw, bargain. 8. 
A company of people. The term is used rather in 
contempt ; as, " I never saw sic a filthy, iU-manner'd 
ooMp," Tife. 4. TktKaM ooypt the whole of any 
thing, 8. 

To COUP, CowF, «. A. To overturn ; ta overset ; to 
tilt, as a cart, & Knox. 

To COUP, «. «. 1. To bo overset; lo tumble, 8. 
Jftise's Tkrenodie. 2. Used metaph. as signifying to 
fhil in business ; to become bankrupt, 8. Train. — 
8w. f/upp-Oi to tilt up. 

COUP, Cowp, «. 1. A fkll, 8. CbiiRpis, 8. B. X^pmbay. 
2. A sudden break in the stiatum of coals, 8. StaJtiit. 
Ace. E. FauU. 

To COUP owre^ «. «. To overtom. This idiom is 
very common, 8. /«c. Beliet. 

TO COUP owre, v. n. 1. To be overset, 8. 2. To fUl 
asleep ; a phrase often used by the vulgar, espe- 
cially In relation to one's failing asleep in a sitting 
postore, 8. S. A vulgar phrase applied to a woman, 
when confined In childbed. The prep, is sometimes 
prefixed ; as, Ske^o >«sC ai the &er-covipin\ 8. ; i. «., 
8he is very near the time of childbirth. 

To COUP 0ARL8, to tumble heels over head, (synon. 
to Ckmp the CrteU,) Galloway.— -Allied, perhaps, to 
Gael. cairUeixmy to tumble, to toss, ca<ri, tumbled. 

To COUP THE CRAN8. 1. To be overturned, 8. RiA 
Boy. 2. It Is also occasionally nsed to denote the 
misconduct of a female, 8. 

To COUP THE CREEL8. 1. To tumble heels over 
head, 8. £efr £oy. 2. To bring forth an illegitimate 
child, Roxb. To eatt a laoen-girdi «ynon., 8. 8. To 
die, Roxb. 

COUP-THE-LADLE, t. The play of see-aaw, Aberd. 

COUP-CART, Cowr-OAET, i. T. Coop. 

OOUPAR. A town in Angus referred to In a com- 
mon a. proverb, " He OuU totU to Ooupar iiumn to 
Coupar." The idea is, that when the will is obstin- 
ately set on any course, it is an indication of neces- 
sity, and Is sometimes to be viewed as a symptom of 

*COUPE-J ARRET, «. One who hamstrings another. 
Waoerleif. — Pr. eonpor Ujarret, to hough, to cut the 

COUPEN, t. A fngment. Y. Covrov. 

COUPEE, COPBE, «. 1. A dealer; as, hon&cotgper, 
co¥KO»per. CAoltRcr. Air, Cope-man occurs in 
0. E. in the sense of purchaser, chafferer, or duxprnan 
In modem language. 2. One who makes merchand- 
ise of ronls. Butkerfard. 

COUPER-WORD, «. The first wonl in demanding boot 
in a baigain; especially applied to horse dealers, 
Roxb. Prom eoMpcr, a dealer. 

OOUP-HUNDED, ocf;. Unexpl. Applied to a horse. 

CO UPIT, part. pa. Confined to bed from illness of any 
kind. Loth. Roxb. 

COUPLE, CuppiL, f. A rafter, 8. TTyntoMm.— C. B. 
Impul ty, id. 

COUPLE- YILL, KiPPLB-TiLL, t. A potation given 
to houae-caipenters at putting up the couplcti or 
ralten^ on a new house, Teviotd« 









fb GOUB, V. «. To Moop ; to eroiieh, 8. CbiMr, B. 

2b 00U&, V. n. To recoTer. ▼. Gown. 

OOnBAaB-BAG, t. A modwt derignfttioii for the 
$etotwmt Ckllowmy. 

OOURANT, t. A sereie repreheiiiloa ; the act of 
■oolding, Damfr. 

OOUBCHX, f. A corering for a woman'f heed, & 
Ourtkeift Danber. WaUoM. — Vr. eolle^e<l^^. 

COURKBS, CuEiBS, f.|il. Oorerg. Gl. Sibb. 

GOURIl, adj. Timid ; euny •lermed, Peebles. Ap- 
parently from the t. to dour. Y. Cuee. 

GOURIB, «. A email itool, Lanarki. Y. OinnuB. 

COUBSABLB, GvasABU, a4j, Cnirent 

COUBTHAOIS, t,pl, Omtalns, Abtrd. Seg, Probably 
a oontr. from Vr. oowrtinaifei, id. 

OOUBTIN, fl. A yard for holding etmir, Benr. — 
Probably an oblique vie of 0. f r. OMrlin, a kitchen- 

OOUSIQNANCB, t. A relatloa by blood. Y. Coano- 

OOUSIGNBS, i. A female oooein-german. " It was 
the custom to say Cfomione for the male, and Cci%h 
H^net for the female." KeUk'tHiiL Thlaezpl.the 
proper meaning of Gotiti^noee, q. t. 

COUSIN-BBD, i. Oonaangninlty ; kindred ; Boath of 
8. A term strangely compoonde^ comtn being from 
Let eofifonffttJiMM, and red oontncted fhmi A. 8. 
raeden^ conditio, status, as in mtmredt kindred^ Ac. 

OOtJT, OowT, «. A young horse^ 8. Corr. flrom coll. 

To OOUTGH, V. a. To lay oat, or lay down, applied 
to land in regard to a proper and oonrenient diri- 
sion among Joint proprietors or possessors, 8tiilings. 
Fr. coitdk-er, to lay dotrn. It is used as to gardening. 

OOUTGH, t. A portion of land lying in one dlTiston, 
in contredistinGtion Item that which is possessed in 
nmrip, Stirlings. 

To COUTGH BE GAWILL. To diTlde lands, as pro- 
perty laid together, by lot 

GOUTGHAGK, GtJTO&AOX, t. The dearest part of a 
Are, 8. B. Tarrat, " A smaU blaaing ikre ,•" Ql. 

To GOUTGHBB doien, v, n. To bow down ; to crouch, 

GOUTGHIT, part pa. Inlaid ; etnffed. DoutOat.— 
Br. coudk-er, to lay. 

COUT-EYIL. A disease incident to yoong hones. 
Border. E. itraniflti. Polvnrt. 

GOUTH, au». v. Could. Bartour.—A.. 8. aUke, nori, 
trom cwtn-ant nosoere. 

GOUTH, jMrf. .pa. Known. JkmglaM. 

GOUTH, t. Baimciated sound; a word. JPspular 
BaU.— Isl. ^looede, ^llaba, qwed-a, efRurL 

COUTH, CouTHT, CouDT, (u^. 1. Affable ; CMWtioas ; 
&miliar, 8. JSomMy. 2. Lorlng ; affectionate, 8. 
Bum. 8. Comfortable. Popular BcM, 4. Plea- 
sant to the ear, 8. B. Sou. 6. In a general sense, 
opposed to solitary, dreary, as ezpresring the comfort 
of society, though in a state of suffering. 0. Ominous 
of cTll ; no eoudy denotes what is supposed to refer 
to the Inrlsible worid, or to a dreary place which 
fancy might suppose to be haunted, Ang.—A. 8. 
ctUky flu niliaris ; Teat, koddigt Iboetas. 

GOUTUILT, ode. 1. Kindly, fluniliarty, 8. Sou. 
2. Comfortably; agreeably, In raganl to rituafion. Ron. 

GOUTHT-LIKE, adj, Haring the appeaiance of 
being kind, familiar, or agreeable, 8. Bon. 

G0UTHINBS8, GouDUttS, f . faoetiousness ; kind- 
ness, 8. 

GOUTHLB88, a^. Odd ; anklnd-^from obkO, and 
les^ as signifying, wlthoat affeetlan. 

GOUTBIBAT, s. Gonfnsed stroggle ; a tomnlt, Ettr. 
For. Bead Oawtribatf often applied to dogs' quar- 
rels.— Peihaps q. cout-rippetf disturbance made by 
ooUi ; or Isl. koeUr, fells, and rifbaldef Tiolentas ; 
q. an iqproar of cato. 

GOUTTEBTHIBL, t. The vacuity between the ooulter 
and the ploqghshare, 8. Y. Tbiel. 

GOW, t. A rode shed erected orer the mouth of a 
coal-pit, Dumfr.— 8u. G. kqja, Belg. Jboo<, ftow, Xmtw, 
Germ, toie, togoriolum. 

GOW, Kow, f. A twig of any shrub or plant, 8. 
PriesU PeblU. 2. Used to denote a bush. Mintt. 
Bord. 8. A besom made of broom, 8. WarUm, 4. 
An instrument of correction, like E. Hreik, 8. 6. 
The ftiel used for a tempoiaiy fire, 8. Bots. 8. The 
act of pruning, Tiewed metaph., 8. Bttmt, 

GOW, Kow, 9. 1. A scarecrow, 8. HamiUon. Hence 
the compound word a wwrit-ww. 2. A hobgoblin, 
8. PkUohu. 

To Plat Kow. To act the part of a goblin. BouU. — 
Prom B. cow, to intimidate ; or Isl. Iniff, soppressia 

GOW. Brown Cow, a Indicrous dedgnatlon giren by 
the Tulgar to a barrel of beer or ale, from ite colour, 
as contiadistinguiihed fkom that of milk, 8. Bam»ay. 

To GOW, V. a. 1. To depress with fear. 2. To np- 
biaid ; to rate ; to scold an equal or superior ; not 
used of an inferior, Dumf^. — 8u. G. la^fio-a, IsL id.; 
also kuff-Ot supprimere, insnltare. 

To COW, «. a. To exceed ; to surpass ; to excel ; to 
overcome ; as, " That oowt a',** that exceeds every 
thing, Glydea Loth. Fife, Meams.— AlUed perhaps 
to 8a. Q.kufuho, siq>primere. 

To GOW, V. a. 1. To poll the head, 8. Bdlenden. 2. 
To clip short, in genenU. PoUwart 8. To cut ; to 
prune ; to lop off. Y. Coll, •. To cow out, to cutout 
i. To eat up as food, 8. PoptU. BalL b. To be 
cowit, to be bald. Bimbar, 0. It occurs as rigni- 
fying shaven ; applied to the Boman tonsure. CTe- 
lonti— Isl. lM>U-r, tonsum caput 7. Often used 
metaph., 8., like B. tnib. Bamoay. 

COWAN, #. A fishing boat Wodrow.—Sn. G. kogge, 
G. B. ewek, lintor. 

COWAN, GowAMSE, s. 1. One who does the work of 
a mason, but has not been regularly bred, 8. 2. One 
who builds dry walls, 8. StatiH. Acc.—8u, G. kt^on, 
homo imbellis; Fr. coton, a base fellow ; from 8a. G. 
tn^w-Ot supprimere, insultare. 

To GOWABDIB, «. a. To surpass, especially In ath- 
letic exercises, Meams. 8yn. Oufie^ Fife, and Qm- 
eker, 8.— Fr. eouardtr; but 8a. G. kvifuho, sap- 
primere, insultare, is certainly the radical term. 

GOWABDIB, t. The act by which one is surpassed in 
each exertions, Meams. CuJUt Fife, id. 

G0WABDIB-8MIT, a An insult to provoke to fight ; 
a challenge ; commonly given by tmitino the cheek 
by the finger moistened with saliva. Y. «. 8pit. 

COWABT, i. Goveit. ITaUacs. 

COWABTBT, «. Cowardice. BeOenden, 

C0WATTS8. Y. Gouattbe. 

COW-BAILLIE, t. 1. The male servant on a farm who 
lays provender before the cows, and keeps them 
dean, Berwlcks. This designation is sometimes 
given in contempt to a ploughman who is slovenly 
and dirty. Y. Bteemae. 2. A ludicrous designa- 
tion for a cow-herd, Upp. Glydes. ; q. one whose 
magistratioal authority does not extend beyond hi8 

GOWBEGK, t. The name given to a mixture of hair 
and wool; a hat made of this staff. BaUt. 




Sb OOWBIB, «. «. To ahoff ; u, << The loe Is a' 

towblin," fiozb. — This differs only in pronondation 

firaiD C(M^ q. T. 
GOW-CAKXS,«.i>l. WUdpAnmlp, Bozb. Loth.— The 

Heneleim sphondyUnm of Linn, is called the Ooir 

parsnip. But this seems other to be the Pastlnaca 

COW-GABL, f. A bugbear; one who intimidates 

otherst Dmnfir. 
GOW-CBAIK, s. A mist with an easterly wind ; as, 

**The ww<Taik destroys a' the fruit)" Lanarka 

8yn. Haab, Meams, Aberd. 
OOWOLYNK, c. A harlot £y»<Iuiy.— Perhaps from 

OMO, and elMfe^ mon^; q. one who prunes the purse. 
OOW-CLOOS, «. lA. Common trefoil, 8. B. Tiifolium 

pratense, Linn. 
To OOWD, w. f». 1. To flbat slowlyi with the motion 

affected a little by slight wares ; as, *' The boat 

comdi finely awa," Upp. Clydes. 2. It is also ezpl 

to swim, ib. 
OOWD, f. 1. "A short and pleasant saU," ibid. 2. 

" A single gentle rocking^ or motion, produced by a 

ware," ibid. 8. The aot of swimming, Ibid. 
GOWDA, 9. A small cow, Bozb. CbwdJe, Dumfir. 

" Onody, a little cow. a Scotchf runi without boms. 

North f 01. Grose. Y. Oowdaoh. 
COWDAOH, c. A heifer. Cuddoek, Galloway ; ezpl. 

" a big stlrk ; a little nolt beast "—This seems formed 

fhim Qvoyodk by the insertion of the letter d, tMr 

j^umiaa canua. V. Oubdoor and Qitit. 
GOWDAS, t. pi. Heifers ; pL of Cbwdodk. 
OOWDER, a. " A boat that sails pleasantly," Clydes. 

ibid.— Most probably a 0. B. word, transmitted from 

the Welsh inhabitants of Clydesdale; ewyd-aw, t» 

stir, more, or sgitate. 
To OOWDLB, «. ». A diminndTe (h>m Cowdt *' ez* 

presfliTe of mther more motion produced by the 

wares," Clydes., ibid. 
COWDOTHB, «. Some kind of pesfcUence. 
OOWDRUM, «. 1. A beating ; as, *' Tell get eowdrum 

for that ;" you will get a beating, Heama 2. Serere 

reprehension, ibid. — Perhaps firom Tout, kudde, 

Clara, and dminM-er, premere. 
To COWIBB, Cownt, Coua, Gown, «. a. To recorer 

Barbour, — Abbrer. firom Vr. rwwerir, 
COWBRING, ff. Beooreiy. Baarhofwr. 
COW-FKEDEB, t. A dairyman who sells milk ; one 

who keeps cows, Jotdimg them for their milk in the 

meantime, and to be sold when this fnils, B. JET. 

COWFTNE, f. A ludicrous tenn. JlPwr^reen. 

OOW-PISH, t. The Mactra lutraria, Mya arenaria, or 
any other large oral shell-flsh, Oikney. 

COW-GRASS, «. A species of clorer. 

COW-HEAVE, «. The herb Tussilago, Selkirks. Per- 
haps originally oow-koqf, from a supposed resem- 
blance to the Jhoqf of a cow. 

GOWHUBBT, ff. A cow-herd. JPvervreen.— Belg. Xwe, 
a cow, and AoU-eii, to toil ; q. a cow-herd. 

COWIE, ff. The name giren to the seal In the Firth of 
Tay, from Its round oav>td head, without any appa- 
rent ears, and as resembling an animal that has no 

COWIE, ff. A cow wanting homa Y. Cow, «. 

COWIE, ode. Yery ; as ooiois weei, reiy well, La- 

COWIE, oc^'. Odd ; queer, Lanarks. 

COW-ILL, s. Any disease to which a e»w is sul^ect, 
8. ^nljjfuary. 

COWnr, ff. An alarm ; a firight, 8. From the r. ooio, 
to depresa St, Pairtdc. 

00WIN8, pi, Apparentty what Is cowed, cut or 
broken off, Benfr. A. WUton, 

COWIT, jNWl pa. 1. Closely cut 2. Harlng short 
and thin hair. Y. Cow, e. 

fV> COWS; Kocz, e. n. To retch ineffectually, in con- 
sequence of nausea, 8. B.— Germ, ftocfc-en, id. ; Isl. 
fatofe^ gula niti. 

CQWKIN, ff. A beggar ; a needy wretch. Jhabar.— 
Fr. ooguin, id. 

C0W-LADT-8T0NS. A kind of quarts, Bozb Y 
CoLLADT Sroiri.- 

COWLICK, ff. A tuft of hair on the head, which can- 
not be made to lie in the same direction with the 
rest of the hair, S.— From its resemblance to hair 
lidked by a cow. 

OOWLIE, ff. A man who picks up a giil on the street, 
is caUed her CbwKe, Edln. Hout probably a corr. 
pronunciation of B. cwUy. 

CO WHACK, ff. An heib supposed to hare great riztne 
in making the cow desire the male, 8. B. 

COWMAN, ff. A name for the deril, & Y. Cow, ff. 

COWNTIB, ff. Rencounter. fFoUoee. 

COWNTYR PALY8S, Contrary to. TToUooe.— Fr. 
ootKrepoM, a term in hemldxy, signifying that one 
pole is opposed to another. 

COWOID,jpre«. Convoyed. Leg. oonwoid. Bmrbour. 

COWPAR, ff. A horse-dealer, 8. 

COWPENDOCH, CowPBZDOW, «. A young cow. Y. 


COWPES, CowPTS, ff. pi. Baskets for catching fish, 8. 
AeU Jo. III. A, Bor. coqp^ id.— Teut. kuype, 

XWPERJUSTIGB. Trying a man after ezecution ; 
the same with Jeddeart, or Jodbitroh Juttiee, S. 

COW-PLAT, ff. Cbw'ff dung dropped by the animal in 
the field, Clydes. Bozb. Synon. jnaL — Perhaps 
tnm Teut pltU, planus, because of ito fiat form. 

COWPON, ff. 1. A fragment, a shred, 8. B. Bruce. 
2. In pi. shatters, shirers; pron. CbopiM, Abeid.— 
Fr. eovpoH, L. B. copo, a piece cut off firom a thing. 

COW^UAKB, ff. 1. An affection of cattie, caused by 
the chiilness of the weather, & iTeUy. 2. The 
name is transferred, on the East coast <rf Loth., to the 
cold easterly wind in May, which produces the disease. 
The disease itself is also called Blotting ; as, in 
consequence of it, the skin apparently adheres to the 
ribs, Bozb. 8. A rery cold day in summer, Clydes. 

COWS BACKBIN. Cow's dung dropped in the fields, 
Galloway. Synon. Pufftiefc, Dumfr.— A. 8. tae, ter- 
gum, and ryne, proflurium ; q. what is ojected from 

GOW'8 BAND. It was an ancient custom in Dumfr. 
and Galloway, and perhaps in other counties in 8., 
that when a man borrowed money he gare the eow** 
band in pledge ; which was reckoned as legal an 
obligation as a bill. 

C0W8CH0T, ff. A ringdore. Y. Kowbhot. 

C0W-8HABN, ff. Cow's dung. Y. Srakm. 

OOWSHOT, ff. The name giren to oertaln kinds of 
marl, of a gray or brown colour. 

COWBLEM, ff. An ancient name giren to the erenlng 
star, Bozb. 

COWSMOUTH, ff. The rulgar name for the cowslip, 
or Primula, Loth. 

COWS THUMB. " Te*re no a oow'ff tktmb firae't," a 
phrase used to denote that one has hit on the pmpvr 




< plan of doing any thing, tiiat It exactly oorresponda 
with one's wish, Stirllngs. 
I COWT, 9. A strong stick ; a rung, ?ife. Apparently 
the same with CM, q. t. 

GOW-THE-OOWAN, «. A oompoond tenn used In the 
Sooth of 8. for a fleet horse, for one that cuts the 
gronnd. It Is also said of such a horse, Heoowithe 
I OOWZIX, ^. 1. Boisterous ; as, a eoiosie day, one 
distinguished by a high wind, Benfrews. 2. Inspir- 
ing fear ; as, a eoiosie earls, a terrific old man, ibid. 
—Dan. Jbysm signifies frightful, terrible, horrid, Ac., 
from kya-^ to fright, to scare or terrify, 
• OOXY, ad{f. Ck>zcomical, S. Samtay, 
■ To GOZ AIN, V. a. To barter or exchange one thing 
for another, Oricn. This is eyldently from the same 
source with Oottj Loth., id. Y. Coaa. 
..GOZT, o^;'. Snug. T. CkMiB. 

To GRAB, CaiBB, v. «. To fret Btmnatyne Poemt. 
— ^Belg. kribbigt Sn. O. irgwik, morosus. 

3b OBABf-v. a. To iiritate ; to proTolEC. J/jfnd§ay. — 
Teut. krcMhen, laoerare unguibus. 

OBAOK, s. A blow producing a shaip sound, 8. Syn. 
(IMi^— fJromiTeot. crod^ crepit