Skip to main content

Full text of "The Japan Christian year-book"

See other formats








This is your invitation to make an adventure into the 
heartland of Japan and visit KEEP s revolutionary 
experiment in community life betterment .... 

Tokyo Office 19, Akashi-cho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 

Telephone: (541) 9080 
Seisen-Ryo Lodge Kiyosato, Takane-cho, Kitakoma-gun, 

Yamanashi. Tel : Kiyosato 10 > 


the History of Japan 
Past and Present 


Format : 10!., x 13 inches, 450 pages of art paper, with more than 

1000 pictures including 100 lavish colour photographs. 
Price : $ 7.95 $ 9.95 with de-luxe case. 

ASAHI SHIMBUN PUBLISHING CO., Yurakucho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 

O. T. S. wi 

plan your trip ............ , .................. 

save you money by arranging low-cost travel booking. 
make your ship and plane reservations anywhere ....... 

prepare all your travel documents and get your visas. 
provide purchase/rental information on European cars. 
make all sightseeing tour and hotel reservation .......... 

arrangements for you or for visiting friends ............. 

All these serv/ces are free 

If it has to do with travel . . . please call. 

Joseph You President 


PHONE: 432-1931 

-,VO. T. S. (o-ordinalet 

all JCti.M I : urlo Irard arrange we, 



















Christian Literature 

















Educational . . . Project 




f , 














































Right hand page heading 












ur3* v ( 

" ,: 

_ . . -k 1* . 


* . f . . \r ^ 


Bunko School of Fashion 

22, 3-Chome, Yoyogi, Shibuya-ku Tokyo, P. O. Box Yoyogi 25 


Regular Studies; Cutting; Knitting; Millinery; Designing Advanced 
Practice; Research Work; Art of Clothing for Postgraduate Students; 
Teachers Training Program; Pinwork Class has been Newly Opened. 



) King James Version 

i Revised Version 

t American Standerd Version 

I Revised Standored Version 




King James Version 
Revised Standerd Version 

Revised Standerd Version 

Phillips Translation 
St f John 


or modern man 


No. 2, 4-chome, Ginza, Tokyo 
Tel : 561 - 1081 

No Matter What Your Sunday School Needs. 
...J.S.S.U. Has It! 

Neighborhood Sunday School Lessons for the new Sunday 


Gospel Light Sunday School Lessons 7 year cycle 
V. B. S. Course complete with manual, workbooks, hand 
work, hymnal 

Attendance Helps record books, charts, cards, badges 
Visual Aids Suedegraph and more than 100 large teaching 


Teacher Training books, both in Japanese and English 
Magazines" S. S. Quarterly " for teachers ; " Otomodachi " 

for children 

Music booklets, (S. S. Hymnal projected for late 1964) 
Bible Story Books in many sizes and prices 
Scripture Verse Calendarsand Christmas Cards 
Gift Items Scripture Verse pencils, bookmarks, etc. 
English Study class materials 

English books Bibles, children s books, coloring books, hand 
work items, Sunday School and V.B.S. materials, music 

Only J.S.S.U materials Give You AH This ! 

Attractive Appearance Evangelistic Emphasis 

Easy to Use Materials Low Cost 

Satisfying Results 

Visit the Orient s Largest Conservative Christian 
Education Center 

]apan Sunday School \Jnion 

Sunday School Building 

36 Mita Matsuzaka Cho, Minato Ku, Tokyo, Japan 
Telephones: 441-6644, 473-2686 




Complete Course of 

This is the only book that teaches the language from the very beginning of its 
study to its most advanced stage. 

9X6 inches, 800 pages, In Japan Yen 2,000 Post. Y200 Abroad $10.00 


The only dictionary giving all the Chinese-Japanese symbolic characters used in 
modern and ancient literature followed by their transliteration with Roman letters 
and English meaning, and seventy thousand compound character-words. 

In Two Volumes, 10^ X 8 inches, 1900 pages Net Weight 10 Ibs. 
In Japan Yen 8,000, Post. Y 200, Abroad $38 Bound in half leather THUMB INDEXED 



(in Roman and Japanese symbolic characters) 

In Japan: Yen 450, Post. Y 100 Abroad $2.50 -300 pages,- Size: 2X3*^ inches 


10*^X15 centimetres 500 pages Au Japan Yen 1,000, A I etranger $5.00 


By far the best Romanized English-Japanese Dictionary ever publisned. 
6 X 4Ji inches i 00 pages In Japan Yen 540, Post. YlOO, Abroad $3.00 

New Look! JAPANESE IN A HURRY New Look! 

Pocket size, 210 pages In Japan Yen 450, Post. YlOO, Abroad $2.50 


1850 cards 2 2 X 2 inches 7,000 compound Kanji words 

-In Japan Yen 7,000, Post. Y200, Abroad $37.00 


A Most Fascinating Method to learn Ideographs. 

)0 pages In Japan Yen 2,000, Post. Y200, Abroad $10.00 

New Features JAPANESE READERS Enlarged 

6 inches -650 pages --In Japan Yen 1,800, Post. Y200, Abroad $9.00 
Reset STANDARD KANJI Enlarged 

)0 pages -In Japan Yen 1,500, Post. Y200, Abroad $800 


50 pages In Japan Yen 1,500, Post. Y200, Abroad $800 


of three 10-inch records (33 rpm.) IlLlI 

and 110-page textbook 

Postage Yen 200, Abroad $17.00, Postage $1.00 


170, 2-chome, Harajuku, Shibuya-ku, TOKYO and 




A Survey of 

The Christian Movement in Japan 
During 1963 

Editor in Chief 
Gordon K. Chapman 







Forei>m Sales : Friendship Press 

475 Riverside Dr., New York 10027, N. Y. 

The Japan Christian Yearbook 

for 1964 is a continuation of 
the Japan Mission Yearbook and 
is the also the sixty second issue 
of the Christian Movement in 



Chuzo Yamada, Chairman 
Shiro Aoyama Gordon K. Chapman 

Raymond Hammer Ryozo Hara 

Yoshio lizaka Alden Matthews 

Tomio Muto Robert Northup 

Norman Nuding Atsushi Sasaki 

The Japan Christian Yearbook 

is published under the auspices 
of the National Christian Council 
of Japan 

Christian Center, 2, Ginza 4-chome, 
Chuo-ku, Tokyo Tel. : 561-8446 


For more than sixty years the Japan Christian 
Yearbook and its predecessor, the Christian Move 
ment in Japan, have furnished annual reports of the 
progress of Christianity in Japan. To a very large 
degree these volumes have been ecumenical in scope 
and thus inclusive of the concern of all denominations, 
missions and other Christian agencies. Though the 
aim has always been to provide comprehensive and 
objective treatment of the various phases of the Gospel 
enterprise in Japan, in more recent years the material 
has become somewhat limited in scope. In fact 
limitations of space due to rising costs of publication, 
have precluded an adequate treatment of some of the 
most important phases of the Christian movement. 
With this and other important considerations in mind, 
the editorial staff has prepared a Yearbook for 1964 
which covers all types of work and includes certain 
features which have not been found in the more 
recent issues. This enlarged scope and increased 
cost of production have necessitated an increase in 
the price from 500 to 800 per copy. It is hoped 
that the 1964 volume will merit the cordial support 
of all missionaries, mission boards, and other Christian 
agencies throughout the world and thereby avoid 
further price increases. 

As the list of contributors reveals, a large number 
of individuals, representing a wide range of Christian 
concern, have contributed their services to the pre 
paration of the 1964 Yearbook. Without their de 
dicated interest and help the prompt publication of the 
present volume would have been quite impossible. 

It is with heartfelt appreciation, therefore, that the 
editor acknowledges his debt of gratitude to all who 
have helped in any way to forward this rather arduous 
task. Section editors and writers, not to mention 
the compilers of directories, have put a great deal 
of time and effort into gathering material and preparing 
it for pbublication. We trust that the results of 
their labors, as they appear in this volume, will be 
fully appreciated by the readers and be greatly con 
ducive to the furtherance of the cause of Christ in 
Japan. Wherein any faults are apparent may it be 
remembered "that a need seen is a call to prayer." 

Except where otherwise indicated, the respective 
writers of the articles are alone responsible for the 
views expressed. Their opinions doubtless represent 
earnest convictions and as such are worthy of expres 
sion. It will doubtless be noted that this issue con 
tains some reference to non-Christian or quasi-Christian 
groups. It should be clearly understood that this 
is solely by way of record and in no sense an endorse 
ment of views which are an aberration from the 
verities of the Christian faith. 

In order to facilitate ready reference, the usual 
Report section has been eliminated and the material 
incorporated in the relevant articles. These have been 
arranged in four major sections, with a well qualified 
editor assigned to each. In view of the fact that 
certain topics have not received adequate treatment 
in recent years, and also in the interest of a broader 
ecumenicity, considerable background material is in 
cluded to supplement the account of developments in 

Owing to the great proliferation of Protestant de 
nominations since World War II it is obviously 
impossible to include a narrative report from each. 


In recent years such material has had chiefly to do 
with the larger denominations with long historical 
antecedents in Japan. Thus information concerning 
all the churches has been mainly restricted to the 
statistical tables. The present volume, however, in 
cludes an extensive account of a large number of 
groups by " denominational families," with only the 
largest denominations treated as such. In addition, 
there is a directory of denominational headquarters, 
which includes the statistics of the number of churches 
in each group, membership and the number of Japan 
ese ministers and affiliated missionaries also indicated. 
With a number of groups failing to report annual 
statistics, and also refusing to reply to such inquiries, 
certain inaccuracies may be found and more accurate 
information will be welcome. Some of the larger 
denominations had the courage to purge their rolls in 
1963, with the result that considerable membership 
losses are apparent in certain cases. 

Limitations of space and other considerations have 
made it advisable to omit from this Yearbook the 
section known as Who s Who in the Japanese Pro 
testant Church. Actually, this has been a very partial 
selection of names from the Who s Who of the Kirisuto 
Shimbun Nenkan, with the bulk of the relevant in 
formation in each case omitted. Without such infor 
mation it is difficult for most readers to understand 
the importance of the individuals mentioned. In place 
of the Who s Who it was thought best to publish 
the directories of Christian denominations, schools, 
social work and other important agencies, which have 
not been included in recent years. It may well be 
that a more comprehensive Who s Who will be made 
a special feature of one of the future issues of the 
Yearbook. The names and addresses of many of the 


more important figures of Japanese Protestantism will 
be found in the current directories. 

The necrological report known as In Memoriam, 
prepared so faithfully and accurately for many years 
by Dr. A.J. Stirewalt, is also omitted from the 1964 
volume. The report in the 1963 issue actually in 
cluded the compilations for three years and it was 
thus felt that this should at least be postponed until 
after the regular presentation at the annual meeting 
of the Fellowship of Christian Missionaries. It has 
also been suggested that this report should include 
reference to deceased Japanese ministers and other 

In compiling the directories much information has 
been gleaned from the 1964 Kirisuto Shimbun Nenkan. 
However, in the case of denominations, mission 
societies and missionaries, much up-to-date informa 
tion has also been graciously furnished by the respon 
sible headquarters. Practically all mission societies have 
corrected the current lists of their missionaries, in 
dicating those on furlough and furnishing other im 
portant information. The most difficult problem has 
been in the case of independent missionaries who 
have failed to give notification of change of address 
or withdrawal from the field. Thus, it will be well 
for any independent missionnotaries listed to notify 
the office of the Interboard Committee for Christian 
Work in Japan, Rm. 802, Seishokan, 2, Ginza 4- 
chome, Chuo Ku, Tokyo, indicating their present 
whereabouts. In view of the fact that there are some 
address changes in the autumn, it may be possible 
to compile a small supplement for circulation through 
the Japan Christian Quarterly, or other means. Re 
vision of the present directory will be made much 
simpler if all mission societies will notify the above 

mentioned office of all changes of address. In ac 
cordance with the usual practice only earned doctorates 
are indicated in this volume. 

In a volume such as this, printed in a land where 
English is often imperfectly understood by printers, 
errors and omissions are inevitable in spite of much 
proof reading. No one regrets their appearance more 
than those who have labored early and late to eliminate 
them. Thus, the Christian patience and forbearance 
of the reader is earnestly craved, as well as kind 
assistance that such mistakes may be more effectively 
guarded against in future issues. 

It is the earnest hope and prayer of the editor that 
the 1964 Japan Christian Yearbook will serve in some 
small measure to acquaint the many sympathetic read 
ers with the need of Japan and the state of the 
Christian Church ; and to elicit their earnest prayer 
that the day may soon come when Christ shall be 
widely known and acknowledged as Savior and Lord- 
Gordon K. Chapman 
Editor in Chief 

July 1, 1964 

2850 Sanno, 1-chome, Omori, Ota-ku, Tokyo 




Edit., Raymond Hammer 

Chapter 1. A Review of Political Events 

Masaru Ogawa... I 

2. Trend of Japanese Economy 

Shinichiro Kanai... 22 

3. Changing Trends in the Witness of the 
Church Masao Takenaka... 32 

4. Current Thought in Japan, 

Masatoshi Matsushita... 46 

5. The Religious World in 1963 

William Woodard... 57 

6. AN EPILOGUE : A Composite Look at the 
Year in Retrospect Raymond Hammer... 74 

Edit., Norman Nuding 

1. The National Christian Council & 
Ecumenical Developments 

Chuzo Yamada... 82 
The Evangelical Church Federation, 

Hiroshi Kitagawa... 88 
3. The Renewal of the Church 

-Masanao Fujita & Gordon Chapman... 90 


Church Families : 

Alliance Churches George Laug... 98 

Anglican Episcopal Church 

/. C. Hayashi & Raymond Hammer... 104 
Baptist Churches Noah Brannen ...109 
Chinese Churches Kenneth Wilson... 113 
Korean Churches C. Rodger Talbot...U5 
Lutheran Churches Hoivard Alsdorf . . .117 
Peace Churches Ferdinand Ediger...\22 
Pentecostal Churches John W. Rudolph... 126 
Presbyterian & Reformed Churches 

Masao Hirata...l28 

Salvation Army Theodore Morris... 131 

Holiness Churches, (Kiyome-ha) 

Aishin Kida ...134 

United Church of Christ Ryozo Hara...l38 
7 Day Adventist Churches 

W. T. Clark... \U 
Union Churches Hoivard Haines...l46 

Eastern Orthodox Church 

Proclus Ushimaru ... 1 50 
Roman Catholic Church 

Archibald W. Bryson...l52 

Edit., Robert Fulop 

1. Church Schools Edwin Fisch & Yoshio Kimura...l59 

2. Theological Education Cyril Poivles..M\ 


3. Evangelical Theological Schools John M. L. Young... 179 

4. Christian Schools Daisy Edgerton...l85 

Edit., Gordon Chapman 

1. Evangelism in Japan George Hays. ..196 

2. Radio and Television Evangelism Willam Hulet...2Q8 
Overseas Mission Chuzo Yamada...2l3 

4. Christian Publications in 1963, 

Shiro Aoyama & Kenneth McVety...22Q 

5. Christian Social Welfare, 

Shiro Abe & William Billow... 228 

6. The Mission of the Laity Kazuko I. Suzuki.. Ml 

7. Youth and Student Work 

Delmar Wedel & Michael Griffiths... 255 
Church, Mission, and Missionary Patterns of 

Co P eration John Barksdale...268 

9. Missionary Associations and Seminars : 

Fellowship of Christian Missionaries Lloyd Neve... 280 
Evangelical Missionary Association of Japan 

William Lautz...282 

Japan Bible Christian Council -Philip Foxwell...285 
Japan Protestant Conference 

-Takaoki Tokiwa & John Schwab... 287 
Reformed Theological Conference 

John Hesselink...290 

Hayama Missionary Seminar -Gordon Chapman... 291 
Japan Council of Evangelical Missions 

A. Paul McGarvey...293 


Edit., Alden Matthews 

(Compiled by the Office of the Interboard Committee 
for Christian Work in Japan) 

1. Japanese Church Headquarters and Statistics 

for 1963 297 

2. Christian Schools 313 

3. Headquarters of Other Religious and Social 

Organizations 350 

4. Protestant Social Work 355 

5. Headquarters of Mission Boards and Societies 403 

6. Alphabetical List of Missionaries, with Addresses 429 


Mr. Shiro Abe, Director, Yokosuka Christian Com 

munity Center 
Rev. Howard A. Alsdorf, LCA, President of the 

Japan Lutheran Missionaries Association 
Rev. Shiro Aoyama, ELC, Editorial Secretary of the 

Lutheran Literature Society 
Rev. John O. Barksdale, Th.D., PCUS, Professor of 

the International Christian University 
Rev. William D. Billow, LCA, Social Worker 
Very Rev. Archibald W. Bryson, M.S.C., Secretary 

General of the National Catholic Council of Japan 
Rev. Gordon K. Chapman, IBC (UPC), fraternal 

worker of United Church of Christ in Japan 
. W.T. Clark, SDA, Field Representative of the 

Seventh-day Adventists 
Miss Daisy Edgerton, IBC (UCMS) , Teacher in 

Joshi Sei Gakuin 
Rev. Ferd. Ediger, GCMM, Representative of the 

Mennonite Central Committee in Peace and Relief 


Rev. Edwin W Fisch, TEAM, Director of the Japan 
bunday School Union 

R ^, lip K, F <? xwe1 . JPM, Professor of the Japan 
Christian Theological Seminary 

asanao Fujita, UCC, Professor of the Japan 
Chairman f the Ja P an Keswick 

D " ABFMS Professor of the 
of Theology 


Rev. Howard B. Haines, Pastor of the Tokyo Union 

Rev. Raymond Hammer, Ph.D., CMS, Field Repr. 

of the Church Missionary Society and Professor of 

the Central Theological College 
Rev. Ryozo Hara, UCC, General Secretary, Research 

Institute of the United Church of Christ in Japan 
Rev. Hugh Harris, NAV, Evangelist to business men 
Rev. J.G. Hayashi, AEC, President of the Central 

Theological College 
Rev. George H. Hays, Th.D., SB, Field Repr. of 

the Southern Baptist Convention Foreign Mission 


Rev. John Hesselink, D.THEOL, IBC (RCA), Pro 
fessor at the Tokyo Union Theological Seminary 
Rev. Masao Hirata, NKK, Professor of the Theologi 
cal Seminary of the Church of Christ in Japan 
Miss Yoko Hiyama, IBC Office Staff 
Rev. Donald Hoke, TEAM, President of the Japan 

Christian College 
Mr. William A. Hulet, FEBC, Field Repr. of the 

Far Eastern Broadcasting Company 
Prof. Yoshio lizaka, Professor at Gakushuin University 
Rev. Kenny Joseph, TEAM, Editor of REAP and 

Ketsudan ; writer 
Prof. Shinichiro Kanai, Professor of the Meiji Gakuin 

Rev. Aishin Kida, Chairman of the Church of the 

Nazarene and Professor of the Nihon Nazaren 

Rev. Yoshio Kimura, UCC, Chairman of the Japan 

Council of Christian Education, NCCJ 
Rev. Hiroshi Kitagawa, President of the Evangelical 

Church Federation 
Miss Masako Kusanagi, IBC Office staff 


Rev. Shiro Kuroda, UCC, Pastor and Leader in 

Ashram Movement 

Rev. William Lautz, IND, Secretary of the Evan 
gelical Missionary Association of Japan 
Miss Dorothy Lawson, IBC (UPC), IBC Office Staff 
Mr. Masatoshi Matsushita, Ph.D., President of Rikkyo 

Rev. Alden Matthews, IBC (UCBWM) , Secreary of 

the Interboard Committee for Christian Work in 

Rev. A. Paul McGarvey, CMA, President of the 

Japan Council of Evangelical Missions 
Rev. Kenngth McVety, TEAM, Director of the Word 

of Life Press 
Mr. Shotaro Miyoshi, Publication Section of the Kyo 

Bun Kwan 

Tsunetaro Miyakoda, General Secretary of the 

Japan Bible Society 

Captain Theodore Morris, SA, Salvation Army Head 
quarters Staff 
Rev. Lloyd Neve, ALC, President of the Fellowship 

of Christian Missionaries 
Rev. Robert Northup, Ph.D., IBC (UPC), Professor 

of Tohoku Gakuin University 
Rev. Norman Nuding, LCA, Director of the Lutheran 

Student Center 
Mr. Masaru Ogawa, Director for Editorial Affairs of 

the Japan Times 

Minoru Okada, UCC, Chairman of the Com 
mittee on Visitation Evangelism of the United 

Lhurch of Christ in Japan 
Miss Takeko Oshima, IBC Office Staff 

:yril Powles, MSCC, Professor of the Central 

Ineological Seminary 
Mr. Arthur T.F. Reynolds, OMF, President of the 

EuBvgelical Missionary Association of Japan 
Mr. John Schwab, TEAM, Ochanomizu Student Center 

and Kirisutosha Gakuseikai 
Mrs. Kazuko I. Suzuki, Secretary of the Woman s 

Department of the National Christian Council 
Rev. Masao Takenaka, Ph.D., Professor of the 

Doshisha University 
Rev. C. Rodger Talbot, PCC, Field Repr. of the 

Presbyterian Church in Canada, Japan Mission to 

Rev. Takaoki Tokiwa, CRC, President of the Japan 

Protestant Conference 
Miss Majorie Tunbridge, IBC (UCC) , Secretary of 

the Interboard Committee for Christian Work in 

Rev. Proclus Ushimaru, Professor of the Orthodox 

Theological Seminary 
Mr. Keiichi Watanabe, IBC Office Staff 
Mr. Delmar Wedel, YMCA, Secretary of the National 

YMCA of Japan 
Rev. Kenneth W. Wilson, PCUS, Missionary to 

Chinese in Japan 

Mr. Alfred Winroth, IND, Missionary 
Rev. William Woodard, IBC (UCBWM) , Director 

of the International Institute for the Study of Re 
Rev. Chuzo Yamada, UCC, Executive Secretary of 

the National Christian Council of Japan 
Rev. John M.L. Young, JPM, Professor of the Japan 

Christian Theological Seminary 



AVACO ................................................ Back Cover Page 

Commission on Christian Literture (NCC) ............... 172G 

Cocnordia-sha ......................................................... 172 E 

Catholic Press Center ............................................. 172H 

Christian Literature Crusads .................................... 172 E 

Japan Bible Society ........................ Front Facing Page 4 

Japan Sunday School Union ............... Front Facing Page 5 

Jordan Press .................................................... I72B 

Kirisuto Shinbun Sha (The Christian News) ............ 172 C 

Japan Nazarene, Publishing Dept ............................... 172 C 

Shinko-Shuppansha (Protestant Publishing Co.) ......... 172H 

Seibunsha ........................................................ 172 A 

Seisho Tosho Kankokai ...................................... 172 D 

The Board of Publication The United Church of 
Christian in Japan ............................................ 172F 

Women s Christian Temperance Union of Japan 268 C 

Y.M.C.A Press... ................. " 172D 


Aoyama Gakuin ............ 

Baika Gakuin .............. ............ 

Bunka Fukuso Gakuin ............ . . . . . . . .F^nt Facing Page 3 

hurch Education Department (NCC) 76R 

Central Theological College Tokyo " 7fi T 

............................... ._ 

Education Association of Christian Schools " 7fi p 

Fukuoka Jogakuin ......................... " ** 

Heian Jogakuin ..................... " 

Hiroshima Jogakuin .... 

Hokusei Gakuen ........ 


International Christian University 76H 

Joshi Gakuin 76M 

Keisen Jogakuin 76O 

Koke School of Japan Language 76P 

Kyoritsu Bible School for Women 76 L 

Koran Jogakuin 76 L 

Kyushu Jogakuin 76 J 

Kwansei Gakuin 76 E 

Meigi Gakuin 76C 

Momoyama Gakuin 76G 

Nippon Rowa Gakko 76N 

Osaka Jogakuin 76N 

Palmore Institute 76L 

Rikkyo Jogakuin 76 J 

Pool Gakuin 76 K 

Seiwa Gakuin 76 P 

Seiwa Junior College for Christian Workers 76 H 

Shoin Joshi Gakuin 76O 

St. Michael s School 761 

St. Michael s International School 76 F 

St. Paul s (Rikkyo) University 76A 

Tamagawa Gakuen 76T 

Tamagawa Seigakuin 76M 

Tokyo School of the Japanese Language 76 S 

Tokyo Union Theological Seminary 

(Tokyo Shingaku Daigaku) 76 I 

Tokyo Woman s Christian College 76D 

Yokohama Gakuin 76 O 

Yokohama Kyoritsu Gakuin 76Q 

Yokohama School of the Japanese Language 76 Q 


Inter Mission Service Ltd 268A 

Japan Church World Service 268C 

Kiyosato Educatinal Experiment Progect...FrOnt Cover Page 


Kobe Y.M.C.A. Hostel 268B 

Yokohama Y.M.C.A 268B 

Yokohama Y.M.C.A 268B 


Asahi shimbun Publishing Co., Front Facing Page 1 

TIME-LIFE International 364A 

Vaccari Front Facing Page 6 

Western Publication Distribution Agency 364 C 


The Japan Times 364 A 


Kinokuniya Book-Store Co., Ltd 364 B 

Maruzen Co., Ltd 364 B 


Chuseido Printed Co., Ltd 172D 

Diamond Service Co Back Facing Page 3 

Shinko Printed Co., Ltd. . Back Facing Page 3 


The Bank of America 460 C 

The First National city Bank 460D 

The Sumitomo Bank Ltd \\ 460B 


Overseas Travel Service Front Facing Page 2 

Scandinavia Air Line 460A 


American Pharmacy 268D 

Kinugasa Hospital (Japan Protestant Medical Mission) "268 F 

lokyo Sanitarium Hospital.... 

Shingai Dr. H. (Dentist) .^"^^ 

Takemi Dr. Taro 268E 


Mitsukoshi 460 B 


Acme Service Inc. (Insurance) 364 C 

Dentsu Advertising Ltd 364 D 

Fujiset Co. Ltd Back Facing Page 1 

Hakuyosha Co., Ltd Back Facing Page 2 

Kyo Bun Kwan Jigyosha 268 D 

Naomi 263 C 

Omi Brotherhood Co., Ltd Back Facing Page 2 

Tokyo Typewriter Co., Ltd Back Facing Page 2 

Yagishita Electric Co., Ltd Back Facing Page 4 


Editor : Raymond Hammer 



Masaru Ogawa 

Japan s political climate remained mild through 
1963 and into 1964, despite the fact that both local 
and national elections were held during that period. 
The problems were present as in past years, but no 
single issue captured the popular imagination ; 


The calm prevailing in Japanese politics was in 
many ways a reflection of the international scene. 
Indeed, in this rapidly shrinking world, international 
political developments are mirrored to such an extent 
on the local stage that it is becoming more and more 
difficult to single out purely domestic issues 

1. Thaw in Cold War 

We may say that the overall temperate atmosphere 
in Japanese political circles during the period under 
review merely reflected to a great degree the cooling 
off of the tension between the East-West protagonists. 

The one event which contributed more than any 


other to the easing of the "cold war" rivalry was 
the signing in July of the treaty for a partial ban on 
the testing of nuclear weapons by the United States, 
Britain and the Soviet Union. To this treaty, most 
of the nations of the world with the notable excep 
tion of Communist China and France gave their 
wholehearted concurrence. After an initial hesitation 
over the "partial" nature of the agreement, Japan, 
too, hastily moved to give its full support. The es 
tablishment of a direct communications link between 
Washington and Moscow meant that the accidental 
touching off of a war between the two nations could 
be prevented, and this too, met with approval. 

2. Repercussion of World Communist Rift 

While these fruitful developments towards "peaceful 
coexistence" were taking place, the rift between the 
Soviet Union and Communist China became increas 
ingly apparent and acute. The Russian agreement 
to the partial test ban treaty was viewed in Peiping 
as a Soviet capitulation to the West, and the ideo 
logical debate between the two great champions of 
the Communist world rushed headlong toward an open 
However, it also became clear during the year 
that the real issue was not ideology alone but represent 
ed a realistic clash over national interests. 

The rupture in the world Communist front had 

trong repercussions in Japan where the leftist forces 

tried to remain neutral but found themselves gradual- 

driven to taking sides. By the end of 1963, the 

Japan Communist Party was quite firmly entrenched 

the Communist Chinese camp. This internal pre 
occupation of the political opposition with the Sino-So- 

: controversy contributed to the low pitch of Japan s 


political activities. 

3. Reactions to the Assassination of President Kennedy 

The past year also had its share of tragedy. And 
the Japanese people were shocked and dismayed by 
the brutal assassination of the President of the United 
States, John F. Kennedy, on November 23. The 
immediate reaction was one of disbelief and horror, 
followed by deep sorrow over the loss of a great 
statesman who was on the threshold of contributing 
so much to world peace. Prime Minister Hayato 
Ikeda and Foreign Minister Masayoshi Ohira were 
hurriedly dispatched to Washington to attend the 
funeral rites. 

4. Results of French Recognition of Peiping Regime 

One of the significant developments of the period be 
ing reviewed was the recognition accorded Communist 
China by the French Government in January, 1964. 
Japan s political leaders were shaken by this move, 
which caused them to rethink the Japanese position 
toward Peiping. The net result was a reaffirmation 
of the existing policy which includes diplomatic and 
political nonrecognition, on the one hand, and on the 
other, the promotion of trade while keeping eco 
nomics separate from politics. The French Govern 
ment sent Prime Minister Georges Pompidou and 
Foreign Minister Couve de Murville on a visit to 
Japan to explain its decision to recognize Communist 
China and to reassure the Japanese leaders it meant 
only the French reappraisal of an existing situation. 
The French views were politely received and tucked 
away for future reference. 

4 1963 IN REVIEW 

5. Strained Relations With Taipei 

Japan s relations with the Government in Taipei 
came precariously near the breaking point over an in 
cident involving a Red Chinese visitor to Japan, who 
defected and after seeking asylum in the Soviet Em 
bassy changed his mind and decided to return to Pei- 
ping. The case, handled with restraint by Japanese 
authorities, dragged on for several months before the 
would-be defector was sent back to Communist China 
in early January, 1964. 

In the meantime, the Nationalist Chinese ambas 
sador to Japan was recalled to Taipei. The naming 
of a successor hinged upon whether or not Japan was 
willing to dispatch the Foreign Minister to Taiwan. 
The Japanese contended that the ambassador should 
be named and stationed in Tokyo before the Foreign 
Minister could be sent. 

The recall of the ambassador was actually a kind 

t protest to show Taipei s growing displeasure with 

; policy of increasing trade with Communist 

In fact earlier in the year a Japanese firm 

had promised to export a vinylon plant to Communist 

nna on long-term credits. This was in keeping 
the growing prospects of closer business relations 
between Japan and Red China. 

Japanese leaders felt quite confident that Nationalist 
China, being m need of every assistance it could 

am, would not take the extreme and final step of 
breaking diplomatic relations with Japan. In truth 

Japan should ever follow the French lead and 

c chinese regime > * " 

As matters stand, the official Japanese position, 


made known by the Foreign Office in March, 1964, 
is that it will continue to support the Taipei Govern 
ment and will not give recognition to the Peiping 
regime. This means that Japan will back the Nation 
alist position in the United Nations. It will however, 
maintain trade relations with the Communist Chinese 
under the principle of separating politics and economics. 
Incidentally, Red China has made known its views 
that relations cannot be restricted to trade alone ; 
but it has also added that it understands the Japanese 

6. Problem of Rapprochement with South Korea 

The past year also saw the continuation of the 
marathon talks to find a basis for the normalization 
of relations between Japan and the Republic of 
Korea. The leaders of the two nations are now 
agreed upon the desirability of opening up normal 
channels of contact at an early date, but the 
events of the past year gave little hope for an early 

The talks were held up last year by the parlia 
mentary and presidential elections in South Korea 
and by the general elections in Japan. In both 
countries, the political forces committed to a rap 
prochement were presumably given the popular man 
datewith Gen. Chung Hee Park elected to the 
presidency in South Korea and the conservative Li 
beral-Democratic Party, under the leadership of Prime 
Minister Ikeda, maintaining its majority in the Japan 
ese Diet. 

Actually, the Japan-ROK talks did not come to the 
fore as a vital election issue in the Japanese general 
elections, primarily because the negotiations were still 


far from a decisive stage. This being the situation, 
the political forces of the left were unable to mobilize 
opposition to the normalization talks. Throughout the 
year, the popular reaction to the rapprochement efforts 
has been lukewarm at best in Japan. This is in 
contrast to South Korea where the political opposition 
to the negotiations is quite intense with student riots 
breaking out on several occasions in April, 1964. 
Negotiations during the past year were mainly centered 
on the two problems of the compensation to be paid 
to Korea and Japan s fishing interests vis a vis the 
"Rhee" line. 

Opponents of the Japan-ROK negotiations, in the 
meantime, argued that normalization of relations with 
South Korea would shut the door on future prospects 
of reaching an accord with North Korea. It was 
contended, moreover, that the Japanese move would 
serve to finalize the division of Korea and to obstruct 
prospects for a unified Korea. Another strong argu 
ment, put forth by the leftists, was that the restora 
tion of normal relations between Japan and South 
orea would be the first step toward an anti-Com- 
military alliance between Japan, ROK and 
Nationalist China, which, in turn, would strengthen 
the United States position in the Far East. 

Basic to the Japan-ROK situation are the deep-root- 
Korean suspicion and hatred toward the Japanese 
the feeling of contempt held by many Japanese 
toward the Koreans. This is a product of Japan s 
>lonial rule of 40 years over the Korean peninsula 
t is also true that South Korea is in desperate 
the economic assistance which Japan alone 
could supply. At the same time, Japan, for its part 
-equires the development of new markets for the pro- 
s of its growing economic structure. 



1. Ratification of ILO Convention 87 

One of the livelier political issues of the year was 
the debate on the proposed ratification of International 
Labor Organization Convention 87. This covention 
would allow non-employes, or outsiders, to become 
officials of labor unions. While this is a common 
practice in most Western countries, it has never been 
adopted in Japan where union officials must also be 
bona fide employes. 

For the past four years, the Japanese Government 
has been sidestepping ILO demands for speedy action 
to ratify this convention. Japan s reluctance was 
based mainly on the fear that professional Communist 
organizers might, in the role of "outside union of 
ficials," take complete control of union activities. 
Yet, as a result of pressure from the ILO headquarters 
in Geneva, the Government has in fact resigned itself 
to the ratification of the convention. As precautionary 
measures to lessen the effects of labor unions becom 
ing more militant, Government and Liberal-Democratic 
party leaders have proposed amendments to several 
of the existing domestic labor laws. 

The "tie-in" legislation proposed by the conserva 
tives includes the following : 

1. Employes upon becoming union officials must 
give up their employe status ; 

2. Union dues will not be collected for the union 
directly from the pay envelopes ; 

3. Teachers in the local public service, holding 
supervisory posts, such as principals and assistant 
principals, must resign from the Japan Teachers 
Union ; and 

8 1963 IN REVIEW 

4. A Personnel Bureau will be set up in the 
Cabinet to administer and coordinate personnel 
matters concerning public servants. 
The Socialists and the General Council of Japan 
Trade Unions (Sohyo) have, on the other hand, de 
manded the following : 

1. Collective bargaining rights should be given to 
public servants ; 

2. The Japan Teachers Union should be given 
recognition as a legitimate labor organization ; and 

3. Public servants should be given the right to 

In July, a compromise plan was worked out between 
the Labor Minister Tadao Kuraishi, Socialist Party 
executive Mitsu Kono and Sohyo leaders. All three 
parties, however, came out later with their own vers 
ion of the "accord," and it still remains to be seen 
whether decisive action will be taken on the ILO bills 
submitted to the Diet last year end. 

However, the latest developments in April, 1964, 
are a bit more encouraging. The House of Repre 
sentatives moved to form a special ILO committee of 
Liberal-Democrats, Socialists and Democratic-Socialists 
to facilitate the passage of the ILO Convention 87 
and the four related domestic bills. At the same time, 
the Government has accepted the dispatch to Japan 
fact-finding mission from the ILO headquarters. 

)ther tender spots have been the standing request 

of the United States to allow its atomic submarines 

operating in Pacific Ocean waters to call at Japanese 

and the controversies stemming from the scrutiny 

the Japanese Constitution by the Constitution Re 
search Council. 


2. Opposition to Visits of American Atomic Subs 

American authorities, in pressing for Japanese con 
currence on the visit of their atomic submarines, have 
stressed the absolute safety of the underwater vessels 
powered by atomic energy. Japanese officials have 
generally agreed on the safety factor, but fearing the 
inevitable public outcry in this atom-shy country, 
they have shelved the issue for the time being with 
American concurrence. Actually, the opposition to 
the visit is based not so much upon the danger of 
an atomic submarine exploding in port but more on 
the fear of expanding the scope of Japan s role as an 
American military base in the Far East. Although 
the Japanese Government maintained silence on the 
issue throughout the year, leftist circles have continued 
to voice their strong objections. 

3. The Constitution Revision Issue 

The central question around which the Constitution 
revision issue revolved during the past year was whe 
ther the supreme law of the land was foisted upon 
the Japanese people or whether it completely reflected 
the popular feeling at the time of its adoption. One 
time Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers in 
Japan, Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur, who might have 
shed valuable light on the subject, died in April, 1964, 
without answering any of the questions which could 
have clarified matters. 

It would seem, however, that the most important 
issue is whether or not the Constitution suits the 
present status of Japan and is now acceptable to the 
majority of the Japanese people. But the political 
lines have been drawn and they present the ironic 

10 1963 IN REVIEW 

situation of the conservatives, who supported the 
Constitution when it was first adopted, asking for a 
change, and the progressives, who originally opposed 
it, now calling for the maintenance of the status quo. 
The provision causing the greatest controversy is, of 
course, the "no- war" clause. While this issue re 
mained mostly in the background last year, more 
will be heard of this question in the future. 

4. Local Elections 

The year was marked by the holding of two sets of 
local elections on April 17 and 30, 1962, and a gene 
ral election on November 21 of the same year. El 
ections would ordinarily be an occasion for a flurry 
of political activities and the public discussion of major 
issues of the moment, both local and national. The 
elections last year, however, were carried out at an 
extremely low pitch. Indicative of this was the fact 
that the voter turnout was the second lowest among 
postwar elections. 

In the April local elections, 46,951 public posts 
from governors down to village assemblymen were 
The Liberal-Democratic Party campaigned on 
the slogan of "a local administration directly connected 
with the central government," while the Socialist 
Party urged voters to cast their ballots for "a local 
administration which would be in the hands of the 
people. Being the party in power, the Liberal-De 
mocrats reminded the people at local levels it would 
serve their interests to have public officials who would 
i to present their case to the central government. 

ciahsts, on the other hand, stressed the need for 
more local autonomy. 

The election results generally favored the the Liber- 


al- Democratic Party, but the Socialist Party also show 
ed surprising grass-root strength. The campaigns 
carried out by the political parties also had the effect 
of increasing party consciousness at a local level, 
whereas, in the past, the local elections had been 
characterized by the success of candidates who were 
independent of party affiliations. Another character 
istic, especially noticeable in the gubernatorial elec 
tions, was the reelection of incumbents, some of 
whom were running for their fourth and fifth terms. 
Each term being four years long, that meant that 
some governors would be serving for more than 16 
years in the same post. A move is going on in the 
Diet to restrict the number of years a governor may 
serve consecutively. 

Much of the national interest in the elections was 
centered on the gubernatorial race in Tokyo because 
of the Olympic Games to be held in the autumn of 
1964, and because it marked a frontal clash between 
the Liberal -Democrats and Socialists in the largest 
city in the world. After a hectic election campaign, 
the incumbent, Gov. Ryotaro Azuma, won fairly easily 
over his Socialist opponent. The support given him 
by Soka Gakkai contributed to his success. 

5. General Election 

As for the November general election, it was one 
of the dullest in the postwar period. Many factors 
contributed to the peoples disinterest which was re 
flected in the poll turnout of only 71.14 per cent of 
the registered voters the second lowest since the 
war s end. For one thing, there was a lack of central 
issues. Or, to put it another way, Prime Minister 
Jkeda s ruling party did not take a strong position on 

12 1963 IN REVIEW 

questions which might have aroused public interest, 
such as the revision of the Constitution, the U. S. 
atomic submarines and the Japan-ROK talks. The 
progressive parties, on the other hand, failed to capi 
talize on these issues, and did not fully utilize the 
one problem on which they could have won a broad 
public hearing the great increase in consumer prices. 

But it was also apparent that the leftist forces were 
quite shaken and disorganized as a result of their 
bewilderment over the unexpected developments in 
the Sino-Soviet controversy and of the growing rival 
ry between the Socialists and Communists. While 
the Japan Communist Party swung almost fully into 
the Communist Chinese camp, the Socialist Party 
was beset with factional differences which basically 
arose from their confusion over the interpretation of 
their Marxist ideology. 

Likewise, within the Liberal -Democratic Party, fac 
tional strife showed no signs of diminishing, despite 
the outward acceptance of the recommendations made 
to dissolve all factions within the party. Although 
the party entered the election campaign with all fac 
tions presumedly abolished, the November election was 
called cynically but not without reason the "elec 
tion among factions." As it turned out, both the 
Liberal -Democrats and the Socialists appeared more 
interested in the seats won by the various party fac 
tions than in the overall showing of their political 

Under such circumstances, it was no wonder that 
the voters refused to display enthusiasm. On the 
contrary, many citizens expressed their disgust by ab 
staining, while others, who may have voted for ei 
ther the Liberal-Democrats or the Socialists, turned 
to other parties, the Democratic-Socialist and the 



The election results were contrary to the expecta 
tions of both the Liberal -Democrats and the Socialists. 
The former had hoped to secure more than 300 seats, 
while the latter sought to take at least 156 of the 
467 Diet posts to enable them to control one-third 
of the Lower House strength, and thus be in a posi 
tion to defeat any major move by the conservatives, 
which would require a two-thirds majority. 

As it turned out, the Liberal -Democrats fell 13 be 
low their showing in the 1960 general elections and 
even lost three from their pre-election total, and the 
Socialists were 12 off of their goal of 156. The 
surprise gainers were the Democratic-Socialists who 
upped their pre-election seats by nine and their 1960 
total by six, despite a decreased vote, and the Com 
munists who gained two seats. 

The following charts show the final results of the 
general elections : 

General Election Results 

Party Elected Elation 


Lib. -Democrats 283 286 296 

Socialists 144 137 145 

Dem. -Socialists 23 14 17 

Communists 5 3 3 

Minor Parties 00 1 

Independents 12 2 5 

Note: Eleven of the 12 Independents elected joined the Li 
beral-Democratic Party, bringing its strength up to 294, so that 
their loss was not as great as first appeared. 


Popular Votes 

(In Nov. 21 Gener 

al Elections) 

Party Votes 

% of Total 

Lib. -Democrats 22,423,914 


Socialists 11,906,762 


Dem.-Socialists 3,023,300 


Communists 1,646,477 


Minor Parties 123,655 


Independents 1,892,443 


%in 1960 


The Democratic-Socialists and the Communists were 
jubilant over the election results. The Democratic- 
Socialists were especially gratified by their unexpected 
showing because they were on the point of being 
broken up or drastically reorganized had the election 
results been disappointing. The Liberal-Democrats, 
although being returned again as the majority party, 
had to concede their showing was "unexpectedly poor." 
The Socialists also admitted defeat and went in for 
serious soul-searching for the reasons for their failure. 

One of the interesting revelations of the 1963 gener 
al elections was the increase in the total votes cast 
for progressive candidates. As a matter of fact, the 
progressives, including the Socialists, Democratic-So 
cialists and the Communists, have been gradually 
closing the gap between them and the conservatives 
with each election held. 

General Elacticn Percentages 

1952 1953 1955 1958 1960 1963 
Lib. -Democrats 66.12 65.65 63.18 57.80 57.56 54.61 
Progressives 21.24 26.57 29.21 32.94 39.26 40.41 

Percentage wise, the progressive forces have almost 
doubled their popular vote in the period from 1952 


to 1963, while the Liberal -Democrats were dropping 
12 per cent. If this trend should be projected into 
the future, the day is not far distant when the pro 
gressives will garner more than half the popular votes. 
Aside from these sidelights and the varying fortunes 
of the individual political parties, the general elections 
of 1963 turned out to be quite inconclusive as far as 
any dramatic changes in the overall political fabric 
were concerned. With the status quo maintained, 
Prime Minister Ikeda was again chosen to head the 
government and on December 9, organized his third 
Cabinet. The Ikeda Administration thus became the 
second longest regime in the postwar history of Japan. 
(The longest regime, of course, was the five gover- 
ment administration headed by former Prime Minister 
Shigeru Yoshida.) 

6. Political Parties 

a. Liberal Democratic Party 

Although it has been able to remain in power 
throughout the greater part of the postwar period, 
the Liberal-Democratic Party has been constantly beset 
by internal feuding. Last year was no exception. 
Fully cognizant of the evils of factionalism, conserva 
tive leaders took determined measures in 1963 to 
eliminate groupings and to bring greater unity to the 
party, but, unfortunately, they remain very much in 

With close to 300 members in the Liberal-Demo 
cratic Lower House ranks, it is perhaps inevitable 
that they should break up into groups. But it is also 
a fact that factionalism is at once Prime Minister 
Ikeda s weakness and strength. Rival groupings have 
all too often tied his hands, preventing him from 

16 1963 TN RnVIFAV 

taking decisive action. On the other hand, he is 
able to maintain himself in power by riding atop 
an uneasy balance among the contending factions. 

As the ruling party behind the Ikeda Government, 
it is outwardly in favor of promoting closer trade 
ties with Communist China, of normalizing rela 
tions with South Korea, and of seeking a compromise 
on the ratification of the ILO Convention 87. But 
each one of these policy positions has its factional 
opponents among the Liberal-Democratic membership. 
As parties within the single party, these rival forces 
were at play throughout the year, and they have left 
the general impression of a political party which con 
siders national interests secondary to factional gains. 
b. Socialist Party 

The situation within the Japan Socialist Party, 
however, was not much better during the period 
under review. After months of intraparty bickering, 
the leftist anti-leadership faction brought matters to 
a head at the February, 1964, party convention by 
refusing to participate in the management of party 
affairs. By giving up all executive posts to the 
rightwing leadership group, the left wing faction gave 
notice it would operate as an Opposition within the 
party and would contest for party hegemony at the 
next convention. 

It became quite apparent as the year progressed 
that the Socialist Party was facing a major crisis. 
The Socialists were faced on one side by the growth 
of a middle-class mood among one sector of its erst 
while supporters as a result of the continuing economic 
prosperity, and, on the other side, by the aggressive 
policy of the Communists who were eating away at 
their grass-root followers. Potential Socialist sup 
porters at the lower echelons ware also being wooed 


by the Soka-Gakkai, a militant religious organization 
with political ambitions, which has now announced 
its intention of putting forward 30 candidates for the 
next Diet election. 

The bitter controversy over structural reform in 
1962 left wounds which have not healed. More 
basically, a constant struggle taking the form of 
factionalism in its expression within the party is go 
ing on with one group advocating parliamentarianism, 
seeking a broad popular base, and negating close ties 
with the Communists, and with the other side demand 
ing more positive action, including resort to revolution, 
adherence to the class party concept, and promotion 
of closer ties with the Communists, here and abroad. 

These basic ideological differences which were re 
sponsible for the secession in October, 1959, of Suehiro 
Nishio and his rightwing Socialist colleagues to form 
the Democratic-Socialist Party, still remain today. 
They were given a new twist and a sense of urgency 
with the recent vitality shown by the Communist 
party. For one thing, the Minshu Seinen Domei 
(Democratic Youth Federation) continued to grow 
last year and has proved to be a real challenge to the 
growth of Socialist influence among the young people. 
For another, despite great differences in the political 
strength of the two parties as revealed in the number 
of Diet seats (144 to 5) and popular votes (11.9 
millon to 1.6 million), the Socialists have discovered 
that Communists are far superior in mobilizing their 
grass-root followers. Joint demonstrations conducted 
with the Communists on the anti-atomic bomb move 
ment in Hiroshima, Nagasaki and Shizuoka proved 
this conclusively to the Socialists. The result has 
been that the Socialists have had to hold separate 
meetings to prevent the Communists from taking 

18 1%3 IN REVIEW 

complete charge of such events. More recently, the 
Socialists have made known their intention of keeping 
such movements free of political influence. This is, 
of course, as it should be, for politics should have 
no place in this protest against man s inhumanity a- 
gainst man. 
c. Communist Party 

For the Japan Communist Party, 1963 was a mo 
mentous year. As the year progressed the local 
Communists viewed with increasing concern the pro 
gressive alienation between Communist China and 
the Soviet Union. Wooed by both the Chinese and 
the Soviets, the Japanese Communists attempted dur 
ing the first part of the year to remain aloof, but 
with pressure increasing from Peiping and Moscow, 
they were forced to make a decision. That step was 
taken when the Japan Communist Party in October 
went on record against the Moscow nuclear test ban 
treaty. It was inevitable in a way that the Japanese 
Communists should step firmly into the Peiping camp 
because of the geographic proximity, the cultural and 
racial ties and the substantial financial assistance they 
have been receiving over the years from Communist 

Once the die was cast, the local Communists step 
ped up their propaganda barrage, especially against the 
Socialists. It was no accident that the Red Chinese 
should have early in 1964 issued a statement con 
demning the Socialist leadership as being ineffectual. 
In fact, Peiping has apparently ruled out the Socialists 
as a political bridgehead into Japan and are now 
trying to establish closer contacts with "friendly" 
elements within the conservative Liberal-Democratic 

One of the strange quirks of this new development 


is the Communist role in the abortive general strike 
which was set for April 17, 1964. Ten days before 
the scheduled strike, the Communists informed the 
Socialist and Sohyo organizers they were pulling out. 
They gave as their reason that the strike would not 
have popular backing and that Sohyo was ill-prepared. 
But a more logical explanation may be that Com 
munist China is desirous at the moment of keeping 
the Ikeda Government, which favors trade with Peip- 
ing, in power. A crippling blow against Prime Minis 
ter Ikeda at this time might bring forth new con 
servative leaders who would not be as willing to 
open up business ties with Communist China. 

Events of the past year have thus disclosed a grow 
ing rift between the Socialists and the Communists 
in Japan. In many ways, a parallel can be drawn 
between this local development and the open break 
in Sino-Soviet relations. 
d. Ultra- right Groups 

In reviewing the Japanese political trends during 
1963 and early 1964, mention must be made of the 
growing activities of the ultra-right groups. Numeri 
cally, the ultra-rightists are of no consequence, totalling 
only about 65,000. But since they resort to direct 
acts of violence, their political significance cannot be 
ruled out as being inconsequential. 

During the past year, ultrarightist fanatics attacked 
Communist leader Sanzo Nosaka and Prime Minister 
Ikeda and destroyed by arson the home of Con 
struction Minister Ichiro Kono, an influential con 
servative leader. As these attacks reveal, the ultra- 
rights struck at both Communists and Liberal-De 
mocrats. Being basically anti-Communist, the rightist 
attempt on the life of the Communist leader is in 
character. Actually, it was for the same basic reason 

20 1963 IN REVIEW 

that the conservative leaders were assaulted. Prime 
Minister Ikeda by advocating trade with Red China 
and by assuming a "low posture" in dealing with 
the leftists, and Minister Kono by allegedly being 
friendly with the Soviet Union were judged to be 
pro-Communists. At the same time, there is con 
siderable anger against the factionalism and disunity 
within the Liberal-Democratic Party, which, according 
to the rightists, prevents the conservative forces from 
taking a stronger stand against moral corruption and 
communism and for a return to the "glories" of 
prewar Japan. 

In the course of the year, it has been revealed 
that the rightists are stepping up their activities with 
two target dates in mind. One is the 100th 
anniversary of the 1868 Meiji Restoration which will 
come in 1968, and the other is the 1970 expiration 
date of the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty. The ultra- 
rightist aim will be to bring about a "Showa Resto- 
Showa being the name given to the present 
reign of Emperor Hirohito. 

The leftist forces are also placing a great deal of 

mphasis on the year 1970 when they expect to climax 

ieir drive against the conservative influences represented 

by the Japan U. S. Security Treaty. The leftists, 

>, envision that revolutionary forces much greater 
than the elements mobilized in the 1960 riots will 
be loosed on the nation to bring about a socialist 

With both the extremes of the left and the right 

Y planning ahead for their 1970 objectives, the 

to come will certainly see them stepping up the 

:empo of their activities. Since the activities of one 

arouses the reaction of the other side, it can be 

predicted that the Japanese nation in the latter half 


of the 1960 s will be facing a period of turbulence. 

As mentioned at the outset, the year covered by 
this political review was relatively quiet. It may 
well be that Japan is passing through a valley of 
calm from the peak of 1960 s violent political ex 
plosion and resting, as it were, before another upward 
surge of violence. But it is precisely at a time such 
as this that the nation needs statesmen of foresight 
and wisdom to prepare the proper countermeasures to 
keep the nation at peace and prosperous, now and in 
the years ahead. And the most effective step to head 
off the plans of the extremists will be for Japan s 
responsible political leaders in both the conservative 
and progressive camps, to put their houses in order 
and to apply themselves to the -task and responsibility 
for which they have been chosen. They showed 
little of this during the past year, but the nation is 
in urgent and immediate need of intelligent and wise 
direction and this, Japan s political leaders must give 
in the months ahead. 



Shinichiro Kanai 


Chief among the complications of the Japanese 
economic situation of 1963 were the attempts to amend 
the so-called * Income Doubling Plan and the com 
pletion of the preparatory moves for the shift to an 
Open Economy . The aim of the Ikeda policy had 
been to double incomes within ten years, beginning 
with 1961 with increases in national production 
averaging 9% in the first year and then 7.2% annually 
till 1970. This plan was based upon Japan s high 
economic growth in the postwar years, especially since 
1955, but the plan was no sooner inaugurated than 
the demand for capital investment and the speedy ex 
pansion of factory facilities produced a sudden rise in 
imports, which led in turn to a deficit in the interna 
tional account. As a result, the government has had 
to establish financial control sinces 1961, and thus 
the balance of payments improved in the beginning 
of 1962. These controls were partially removed in 
October 1962, with the result that from 1962 to 1963 
Japan s economic prosperity exceeded expectations. 
However this economic prosprity was accompanied by 


a further aggravation of the international account at 
the end of 1963. 

Consumer prices, which had already begun to rise 
steeply in 1961, rose still higher, and thus it was the 
main concern of the government to improve the stand 
ing of the international accounts and also to stabilize 
prices. Accordingly, in December 1963 there was a 
return to the controls of fourteen months before, whilst 
* income doubling had to give way to a policy of 
stable growth -with the promise of a new Five Year 
Plan in the fall of 1964. 

There has been a marked freeing of trade, the com 
pletion of preparations for a formal affiliation with the 
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Develop 
ment (OECD), and a decision to switch over to the 
group of countries embraced by Clause 8 of the Inter 
national Monetary Fund (IMF) namely those which 
make no limitations on international accounts. Also 
this year travel has been liberalized together with 
trade and capital transactions, and the way to an 
Open Economy prepared. 

In such a situation, and in view of the possibility 
of an increase in international competition, there has 
been a tendency for business enterprises to amalga 
mate, and this has been especially true of marine 
transportation companies. By June 1, 1964 there has 
also been the merging of three Heavy Industry con 
cerns within the Mitsubishi family. A basic law was 
also passed to increase the productivity and improve 
the set-up of smaller and medium-size enterprises. 


The following features are emphasized in the report 
for 1963 of the Economic Planning Bureau :- 

24 1963 IN REVIEW 

(1) The production of minerals rose slowly at first, 
but with a quick recovery, the rate of increase from 
December 1962 to December 1963 was 18.7%. The 
increase was largely in the area of iron and steel, 
petroleum products, synthetic fibers and transport ma 
chinery, but durable consumer goods such as television 
sets etc. tailed off because of a dull market. 

(2) During the time under recession, the inventory 
investment which had been severely cut back began 
to rise again from January to March, with invest 
ments by wholesale merchants and retailers leading 
the way. From April to June investment in machine 
goods became active, whilst from July to September 
there was improvement in raw materials, and at the 
same time there was renewed activity in investory in 
vestment in better quality goods. 

(3) During the period of recession, investment for 
equipment in the big private enterprises was low, but 
even when the period of recession passed, there was 
no appreciable change in the large enterprises, but 
there was an active interest in investment in small 
and medium-sized enterprises. Whilst the investment 
rate in the big companies with a capital of over 100 
million yen ($277,000) was only 1.9% above the 1962 
figure, investment in small and medium-sized firms 
increased by 30%. The equipment investment involv 
ed factory-buildings, dormitories and transportation fa 

(4) There was a rise in consumer propensity. In 
dividual consumption which had increased steadily 
only declined for four months, but, after the release 
of financial controls, from February 1963, it was on 
the increase again. People in the middle classes, par 
ticularly were the more lavish spenders- with spices , 
alcoholic beverages, writing materials, and entertain- 


ment as the main items to show increased sales. This 
was all due to a rise in personal income. 

(5) The increase in bank loans was also marked, 
and a token of the return to prosperity. The sums 
loaned in the period April to September, 1963, when 
compared with 1962, show an increase of 50.8%. The 
demand was particularly strong among the medium 
class enterprises, although the bigger enterprises, too, 
increased their loans mainly through direct bank ac 
tivity, as they prepared for another period of monetary 
control, thereby increasing their indebtedness and 
strengthening the liquidity of their assets. 

The annual average of economic growth between 
the period 1955 to 1961 was 10.8%, but the total 
investment growth in 1963 was 8.2%, despite an ex 
pected 13%, and the expected growth rate for 1964 
is 7%. 


Despite the steady growth in Japanese economy at 
large, the international account has shown considerable 
insecurity. A credit balance in April 1963 of 
$8,800,000,000 changed to a deficit of $99,000,000 by 
December, and the deficit will be $150,000,000 in 1964. 
The reason for the deficit was a sudden rise in im 
ports, for though there was an increase in exports of 
10% over the 1962 figure, imports rose steeply. There 
was first of all a demand for steel, coal and kerosene 
to meet the industrial needs ; then, for wheat in the 
light of a 55% decrease in home-produced barley ; 
and third, there was the problem of increased sugar 
prices on the world market. 

There was also an increased deficit of 8% on ex 
ternal trade accounts, reaching a total of $250,000,000 

26 1063 IN RF-YIFAV 

clue mainly to the lack of an adequate Japanese cargo 
fleet. One may mention, ton, the payments for tech 
nical aid. patents etc. 

A third major cause of the deficit was the unsettled 
character of the capital accounts. The infl:nv of for 
eign investment capital had been in part influenced 
by the note sent to Congress in the U.S.A. on July 
18, 1963, which forbade the publishing of bonds on 
the American market. 

As corrective measures the government planned (a) 
:em to promote exports; (b) to use home- 
products in government and public offices ; (c) to raise 
the tonnage taxation on foreign ships and raise pilotage 
(d) to use Japanese tankers for the importation 
(e) to remove tax-exemptions for foreigners 
on food and drink; and (f) to tax Japanese travelers 
foreign trips. Such steps, however, do little 
than touch on the problems, and the basic need 
L> promotion of a stable growth of the national 
economy, coupled with strengthened international com 


The rise in consumer prices became a political issue 

the time of the general election for the Diet in 

ixing the price index at 100 in I960 by 

avembcr 1963 the figure was 121.8 in all the cities 

>eing 7.5% as compared with the previous 

ir. Ihe govenment reckoned that the rise in 1963 

1 he main commodiies involved in the 

agricultural and marine products, service 

the manufactured goods of medium sized 

crpnscs that were influenced by the rise in labor 

ause of the distorted approach to high e- 


conomic growth , the smaller and medium-sized enter 
prises could not cope with the new demand for man 
power, being behindhand in their economic develop 
ment. In December 6, 1963 the government published 
its interim report on the Income-Doubling Plan , 
which sought to deal with the rise in prices. It sug 
gested corrections for the lag in agriculture, and for 
low production in the smaller enterprises, and the re 
pletion of social capital (in the matter of road, harbor 
and railway construction). 

Apart from a Five Year Plan, there were sugges 
tions for a Twenty Year and a Ten Year period. 
The Plans proposed (1) the maintenance of a high 
and stable economic growth : (2) the increase of ex 
ports through an adequte flow of labor and an ad 
justment of the supply of capital etc. The emphasis 
was general efficiency! 


With preparations for the move to the Open E- 
conomy system duly completed in 1963, in spring 
1964 the actual shift began, and the liberalization rate 
with respect to Japanese goods came to 90%. At 
the same time external contracts for technical aid, spe 
cial charter ships, general external trade transactions 
and monetary transactions were liberalized in the main. 
Also the foreign exchange budget system was abol 
ished and freedom of travel granted. 

With the exception of some special items, Japanese 
industry and enterprise was now in open competition 
with foreign firms. It is to be hoped that the steps 
taken to strengthen Japan s internal economy will as 
sist her in international trade competition, and that 
this, in turn, will have a beneficial effect on interna 
tional economy. 

<28 1963 IN REVIEW 


The expanding Japanese economy had intensified the 
contract between the bigger and smaller concerns, 
both in the rate of investment and in the productive 
capacity. Labor tends to drift to the bigger concerns, 
and wage rates in the smaller concerns are lower. 
Investment for equipment also comes into the hands 
of the bigger enterprises. As a result it was of vital 
importance that the small and medium-sized enterprises 
receive investment for modernization. Various aids 
and tax exemptions only helped a proportion and a 
special feature of the period under consideration has 
been the large number of bankruptcy cases amongst 
the smaller concerns. 

Now about 99% of Japanese firms belong to the 
category of small and medium-sized enterprises with 
fewer than 300 employees each, and more than half 
of these concerns act as sub -contractors to the big 
enterprises. They suffer on two accounts. They are 
somewhat dominated by the big enterprises, and they 
have too competitive a market among themselves. 
Their existence has been unstable for some time, and, 
by comparison with the large firms, conditions are bad 
and wages low. With labor shortages, however, the 
smaller enterprises have had to hike up wage rates, 
and improved technique are beginning to be developed 
among them. 

The government plan aims to rehabilitate them un 
der a new industry system which correlates them 
with the bigger enterprise, all forming a pyramid-like 
structure. The firms which cannot meet the requir- 


ments have to go bankrupt. The high growth policy 
has brought some balance of payments between large 
and smaller enterprises, but it has also intensified com 


With economic growth there has been a correspond 
ing growth in jobs available. The labor force in such 
primary industries as agriculture and fisheries has be 
come extremely small, but there has been a rapid in 
crease in the secondary and tertiary industries. From 
1962 to 1963 the increase of the labor force in the 
construction industry was 17.7%, in the wholesale and 
retail industry 11.1%, and 2.6% in manufacturing. 
The mining industry showed a decrease of 16.6% as 
compared with 1962. There was also a decrease of 
those employed in large enterprises. 

In prewar and wartime Japan the workers had 
been overworked and had operated at a distinct dis 
advantage, but the situation has now radically chang 
ed, as labor shortage has become a serious problem. 
1 here is still great discrimination as between university 
graduates and graduates from high or middle Schools, 
and the latter still experience some of the old oppres 
siveness. The reason is that wages are determined 
not by the technical know-how or the kind of work, 
but the school from which an employee graduated and 
by his age or working experience. As wages increase 
with length of service, younger laborers are paid less, 
and the demand for laborers of this kind was 2.6 
times the supply. It is still difficult, however, to find 
work for the middle-age or older age groups, and the 
government has accordingly begun to employ older 
people. To solve the labor shortages the government 

30 1963 IN REVIEW 

is also planning to make manpower more mobile and 
to change the present basis of long-term or life-time 
employment, so that manpower can be more effectively 

So far as wages are concerned, graduates of the 
middle schools had a starting salary of 9480 Yen 
(about $27) and high school graduates one of 12,800 
Yen (about $36). A rise of 11% and respectively 
took place in 1963 and a similar rise is expected in 
1964. The smaller enterprises paid, if anything a 
much higher starting salary to secure labor. Average 
salary rates are still lower in Japan than most ad 
vanced nations, but it is difficult to make exact com 
parisons. Japanese laborers look for the same rem 
uneration as laborers in Europe, and low rates are 
contrasted with the economic status of the enterprises. 
The Sanction of Clause 87 of the ILO convention is 
related to this problem. 

The young are also critical of the old basis of rem 
uneration which goes by years of service rather than 
technical abiblity and they call for equal pay for equal 


There have been other effects from the rapid growth 
in the Japanese economy. One of the most serious 
is the decrease in the agricultural population. It is 
said that the only workers on the farms are women 
and children. Increase in crops is due to mechaniza 
tion, but there is insufficient appreciation in rural val 
ues, and the gap between agricultural and industrial 
workers is so great that the population cannot be 
economically assimilated. The rise in the price of agri 
cultural products is due to the gap between the genera.1 


growth of income and the ahility of agriculture to 
raise its productive power. 

One may refer, too, to the relation between em 
ployers and employees. In 1963 there were 365 labor 
union organizations with over nine million members. 
The postwar development here has been incredible, 
and Japan is now on a par with the advanced coun 
tries. Of the members, however, 88% belong to the 
big enterprises and establishment organizations. There 
have been demands for higher wages to reach Euro 
pean standards, and for shorter working hours. One 
should notice that Sohyo (the largest Union) is seek 
ing earnestly to organize unions within the small and 
medium-sized firms. 

We are seeking to catch up with Western European 
standards, but need to eradicate the confusion brought 
about by the recent rapid growth. On the one hand, 
we need to increase exports and investment, and, on 
the other hand, we need the repletion of social capital 
in terms of roads, railways, harbors, and housing, to 
gether with improvments in agricultural productivity 
and in the small enterprises. One may point, too, to 
the need of some form of social security, and growth 
in educational institutions, and institutions for the wel 
fare of laborers and the impoverished. 

The national budget of 3200 billion yen (about 
$8,960,000,000) shows a rise of 14% in 1963, and 
the plan for financial investment at 1340 billion yen 
(about $3,750,000,000) shows an increase of 29.8%. 
This is the largest budget in Japanese history, and 
reflects the present standing of Japanese economy. 
Whilst the course is a zig-zag one, it would not be 
wrong to assert that the Japanese economy is steadily 



Masao Takenaka. 
Some Basic Considerations 

There are two basic approaches in the consideration 
of post-war questions. The one is concerned with 
practical development, and the other with critical ap- 
prizement. To deal first with practical development 
in the years since the war there have been tremendous 
changes both in the church and in society as a whole. 
To turn to the rural society for an illustration, one 
may say that the Agrarian Reform was the most 
radical piece of legislation under the Occupation. The 
straw roof gives place to the tile, and the good har 
vest which formerly was a rarity, is now common 
place. When I was at Union Theological Seminary 
in New York, I spoke with friends about the problems 
relating to Japanese rural society, and they made the 
suggestion that Japanese agriculture should be mecha 
nized in order to increase productivity, but this was 
almost unthinkable for the Japanese then. But now 
tractors produced by the industrious and skilful Japa 
nese are in use in various places, though at the time 
950 it was even beyond the prediction of many 
Japanese agricultural experts. From now on Japanese 

[cultural productivity will be further improved with 

increased mechanization and an increased use of ferti- 

As a result, the surplus labor force has been 

Translated from a paper read at a Kyodan-related Conference on 
Social Questions, held in July 1962. 


able to move from the country to the town, and the 
new problem in Japan is how this shifted labor force 
is going to add to Japan s productivity. 

Japan s development during the past seventeen years 
has not been without its occasional recessions. There 
has always been the upward thrust, but, rather than 
a staircase, the zig-zag track of a train ascending a 
mountain would describe the development. 

A good example of how things have developed is 
the matter of the Emperor s status, Although the 
Emperor. . . was declared to be human, he is not the 
same as an ordinary man, and so the reverse course 
away from the human can be said to be involved. 
A Burmese Doctor, participating in a Japanese Speech 
Contest, appeared on T.V. and made the following 
criticism of the Japanese : A Japanese is very correct 
in his procedure, and even in the midst of a busy 
society, when he greets anyone in the street, he will 
turn about and bow repeatedly. In Burma, apart from a 
king or a state guest, such a greeting would not occur. 
However, when an important decision is to be made, 
Japanese demonstrate the same politeness, and, as a 
result, no decision is reached, or, at best, it is am 

But now to turn to the church Like society in gener 
al, the Church s development has followed a zig-zag 
track. It is for this reason particularly that the 
missionary in Japan needs patience. Otis Cary, the 
author of the two-volume history on Christianity in 
Japan, engaged in evangelism, whilst teaching English 
at the school set up by the Daimyo of Okayama, and, 
in his report to the American Board, wrote: In 
Japan, if you are in a hurry, you must go a round 
about way. As a Japanese proverb puts it, it is 
important to do what may seem to be unimportant. 

34 1%3 IN REVIEW 

What he wrote does not only apply to foreigners, as 
Japanese also try to settle problems in a hurry. So 
ciety, however, will not accept such a procedure, and 
with the passage of time, people lose heart. Because 
of this distinctively Japanese characteristic, being in 
the church as well, it is necessary to take one s time 
and plod on a step at a time. There is no blueprint 
for a speedy improvement in the church : like a 
mountain-climber, one must plod on step by step. 

To turn to the second approach - A tendency to be 
critical is rooted deep in the Japanese character. Criti 
cism is necessary, but it should be constructive. In 
stead of seeking to trip up somebody with negative 
criticism, whilst recognizing the defects in others, we 
should seek to give an evaluation of the situation 
which is constructive, and in mutual and intimate 
interdependence seek the attaining of a common goal. 
This means that, in looking at Japan s post-war his 
tory I must not only criticize, but give a constructive 
evaluation through the eyes of faith. 

Through the scriptures we have come to know that, 
in the midst of human pain and anguish, or amid 
social injustice, evil, impurity and failure, God is at 
work redemptively, and through the revelation in 
Christ we know that God is at work in this world s 
history, and we can accordingly look at history with 
appreciation. At the same time, in our evaluation of 
man, whilst being aware of human sinfulness, we are 
also aware that it is to such earthen vessls that the 
gifts of God s grace have been given. 

In dealing with the post-war history of the Church 
I should like to make four divisions. 


I. Tho period of restoration (1945-1950) 

During this era of social confusion, the black market 
and inadequate rations, the Church (sc. the Kyodan) 
through the instrumentality of the Inter-Board Com 
mittee for Christian Work in Japan put its main effort 
into the restoration of the burnt-out churches. Out 
of 457 which had been destroyed 242 were restored. 
At the same time the churches planned an evangelistic 
movement to preach the Gospel to those caught in 
the post-war spiritual vacuum. In 1946 the Christian 
Movement for the Construction of a New Japan was 
inaugurated with the aim of winning three million 
souls. At that time, too, Christianity, under the 
occupation of the victorious American forces, faced 
a favorable opportunity, which was like an incoming 
tide. Following the tendency of the time large num 
bers of people, full of expectation and curiosity, knock 
ed at the doors of the Church, but the Church, which 
could do little more than tackle its own restoration 
and launch the evangelistic compaign, did not have 
sufficient strength to answer their expectations, and 
people did not become added to the Church in great 
numbers. A number of questions are involved here, 
but 1 should like to make four points :- 

(1) The churches, in the war-time loss of person 
nel and buildings, had suffered a deep injury, and 
were exercising all their strength in the work of re 
storation. So far as society was concerned, the 
churches could do little more than re-establish their 
organizational identity. 

(2) There had been problems with the establish 
ment of the Kyodan from the start. There had 
previously been a voluntary movement within the 

36 1963 IN REVIEW 

churches, which had unity as its goal, and a united 
church was the fruition of that movement, but it is 
still an unquestionable fact that the actual constituting 
of the Kyodan as a United Church was the result of 
war-time, national demands, and particularly the law 
governing religious associations. As a result, at the 
end of the war, the Kyodan, far from being able to 
promote its work outside the church, was immediately 
confronted with the problem of dissolution or secession 
within the church. 

(3) There was no clear theological approach to social 
questions. Up to this time the people who had em 
phasized social work represented a liberal standpoint. 
The people concerned for ethics followed a pietistic, 
individualistic ethic, whilst those with a real depth in 
the understanding of the Gospel were unable to reach 
a theological understanding in relation to society. The 
Pastor Akaiwa affair is a case in point. He emphasiz 
ed a dualistic standpoint, making a sharp distinction 
between faith and society. Faith was possible because 
of the grace of God, and its content was made 
manifest throught the revelation in Jesus Christ, but 
society was understood as something dependent upon 
our reason, and so social activity was held to belong 
to the sphere of sociology. (The consequence was 
that, theologically, he would follow Karl Earth, but, 
sociologically, his guide would be Karl Marx!) 

(4) The fact that, after the war, church reconstruc 
tion was too lightly considered is distasteful to us, 
and even today it is a problem that must be carefully 
considered. When one customarily uses the word 
re-construction or re-habilitation, the re- means that 
one must once again build upon some foundation, 
but what we really needed to think about much more 
seriously was the nature of the base upon which we 


were to re-build. Immediately after the war what we 
should have done was to exercise ourselves to discover 
exactly the extent to which we had parted from the 
true form of the Church during the years before and 
during the war. Today, after 17 years, we have 
come to the question of constitutional reform , but 
would it not have been advisable for the church im 
mediately after the war to have made all haste to 
make a new start, based upon repentance and stringent 
self-criticism? Was it not then our duty to consider 
the question of responsibility for the war, a clear at 
titude with respect to the status of the Emperor, our 
economic relationship with the Church overseas etc. ? 
The Church in its pain could have shared in the 
public anguish and served the public, fully conscious 
of its witness. 

II. The Period of Internal Formation in the Kyodan 

To look first at the external situation The Korean 
War was in progress a time when post-war idealistic 
pacificism was encountering severe shaking, and when 
Japanese independence from Occupation policies mani 
fested itself in a form of reaction. During this period 
the Church had no immediate relationship with society, 
and some of the Church s internal problems came to 
a head. I should like to make four points with regard 
to relationships between Church and Society at this 
period :- 

(1) The Church, in its attempt to attain internal 
completeness, was confronting denominational problems 
and also problems of secession. These denominational 
problems reached their peak in 1950, and a report 
was put out at the 6th. General Conference of the 
Kyodan. As a result, in place of a further dismantl- 

38 1963 IN REVIEW 

ing process, what remained of the Kyodan became 
one, and walked in the direction of a true church 
formation. The practical manifestation was the 1954 
decision on a Confession of Faith and Principles for 
Life . It is at this point that one can see the United 
Church founded not by some external directive, but 
on the basis of an internal proclamation of faith. 

(2) There was an advance, in theological enquiry 
within the Church, and in 1950 a Study Conference 
on Social Matters took place at Gotemba, which laid 
down a theological basis for the approach to the 
confused state of social problems. In place of in 
dividualistic piety or idealistic activism which split up 
church and society, and tended in a dualistic direction, 
it was understood that God, as revealed in Jesus 
Christ, is both Creator of the world and Redeemer of 
all mankind, and is working within today s society 
through the Holy Spirit. Accordingly the Church 
is to witness to God s work in society and to serve 
society, and this social responsibility is subsumed 
within theology. 

Subsequently the Kyodan was able to push on to 
social activity, setting up a Study Commission for 
Social Problems, and came to the point of making 
public statements, as occasion arose, with regard to 
questions of peace, labour union activities, social se 
curity etc. It should be noted, however, that such 
statements were not directed so much to society as to 
the church, being in the nature of didactic utterances 
for the church. None the less, as in the case of 
other matters, too, due to the faulty character of com 
munication within the Church, there was no deep 
consciousness of its significance within the Church as 
a whole. In 1954, the Confession of Faith was 
determined, but one should note that to the eschatolo- 


gical expression of the faith there was added a clause 
which called for a practical approach to society. At 
the same time, in the * Principles for Life, there was 
precise emphasis on responsibility with regard to jus 
tice and love in society and international peace and 

(3) The organizations for evangelism were set up 
after a variety of patterns. Before the war there had 
been emphasis on rural and other forms of evange 
lism , but at this time occupational evangelism 
was newly tackled. Up to this time evangelism had 
been thought of in relation to its object whether the 
youth or the women s division and the methods used 
had involved the use of audio-visual aids, home visita 
tion, etc. Occupational evangelism , was to differ 
widely from these, both in terms of objective and 
methodology. The Christian is to bear witness at the 
place of his occupation. At the beginning occupa 
tional evangelism started with Bible Study groups 
at the place of work, but in its development it has 
also come to deal with the way a Christian lives, 
serves and witnesses in the place at which he works. 

(4) At this time the over-all membership of the 
Kyodan went into decline. As compared with the 
immediate post-war period, apart from the drop in 
membership due to secession, one cannot but notice 
the tremendous drop in the number or baptisms. To 
look at the statistics :- In 1949 the baptisms number 
ed 14,052, but in 1957 the figure was 7,928. In a 
mere eight years the number of baptisms had drop 
ped about 44%. If one takes Church attendance and 
baptisms in 1948 as 100%, in 1955 attendances were 
126%, but baptisms 69%. (The decrease in the num 
ber of baptisms, though regrettable, was by no means 
as great as might appear. Moreover the same pheno- 

40 1963 IN REVIEW 

menon occurred in a number of other denomina 
tions. For example, the Church of the Nazarene ex 
perienced a drop of about 49% in the same period, 
while the Reformed Church had a decrease of 12% 
for these years. The Free Methodist Church experi- 
ienced a decrease of approximately 40% between 1954 
and 1957. Furthermore, during this period of eight 
years (1949-57), some thirteen denominational groups, 
with a total of about 300 churches, seceded from the 
United Church. These secessions obviously contribut 
ed to the 44% decrease in the number of baptisms to 
the United Church, which is not significantly greater 
than some of the other denominations. Edit.) When 
the post-war rising-tide of occupational policy gave 
place to the returning tide, anti-Christianity was one 
of the manifestations of anti- Americanism. 

Such events as the affair over the Nuclear Tests 
were also a deep cause of the lack of confidence to- 
Christian countries. The Church in its decline 
was not adequate for the situation, and, as in the 
post-war period it had not been able to cope with 
those who pressed into the churches, so now this 
period was one confined to inner church activities 
strengthening of its Confession of Faith and the 

rmation of a theological approach towards society. 

During this period there was the Five Year Evangel- 

3 lan , which had as its chief aim the bringing 

Japan into the Church, but in actual fact all 

that one can say of it is that it resulted in the strength- 

g of the structure and life of the Church. 

III. The Period up to the Missionary Centenary 

This was the period when the Centenary was empha- 


sized on all sides, and I should like to make four points 
about this period as well :- 

(1) Despite the Five Year Plan and the subsequent 
Centenary Evangelism, the statistical falling-away in 
tensified, and the era was one of decline. An illus 
tration of this is the Church School. In 1952 pupils 
numbered 140,000, but in 1958 the number had shrunk 
to 90,000. Despite the lavish use of money on Crusad 
es, the actual situation was that the falling-off was in 
no way impeded. We are gradually growing conscious 
of the need for the Kyodan, which has had the an 
guish of witnessing such a decline to investigate 
thoroughly the causes of that decline. 

(2) The organization of the Kyodan was gradu 
ally fixed. A Research Institute on the Mission 
of the Church was established, and five divisions 
theology, evangelism, education, social matters, and 
international affairs was set up. In was inadequate, but 
the fact that it did assemble materials, and steps had 
been taken to organize the Institute, was itself indica 
tive of the fact that the Kyodan recognized the need 
for investigating its activities. 

(3) Together with advance in industrial society, 
from 1954 occupational evangelism was initiated. De 
spite the use of the word occupational , doctors 
teachers and salary men predominated. In that 
context a question that the Church must consciously 
consider in its function qua neighbor is that of organ 
ized labor. It is not a matter of adopting a flattering 
attitude towards labor, but of sharing the burden and 
witnessing to them of the justice and love that there 
are in Christ. In addition the Church must exert its 
strength to restore the dignity of their human nature. 
The Committee for occupational evangelism in 1958 
put out * The Working Man , and amidst toil it con- 


tinues today to be put out, and, in appraisal it can be 
said that the Church thus provides a place for conver 
sation in the midst of silence in the mutual considera 
tion of the problems of society and the laborer. 

(4) This poin,t has some connection with the next 
period, but in the matter of the Anti- Violence Law* 
and the Security Pact* etc., which were national 
movements and piled up into a whole series of social 
demonstrations, the Church took a fairly positive stand 
point both in what it said to society and in its actual 

These affairs raised a whole variety of problems and 
a certain measure of friction, but they caused us to 
give due time to reflection and constructive investiga 
tion, for the Church must consider how it is to be 
loyal to Christ and yet work effectively for society. 
In 1958, " The Christian s Guide for Social action " 
was formulated by the United Church. The Keynote 
of this affirmation is that " Christians as new men in 
Christ are able with hope and courage to stand up 
against the power of evil of this world and the threat 
of death. . The first section of the Guide reveals 
how completely the sense of social responsibility of the 
church is rooted in deep theological conviction : " The 
Christian s action in society is that of one who serves 
God the Creator of heaven and earth, the Heavenly 
Father who revealed himself in Christ. . . Man the 
creature can know the meaning of history and rightly 
participate in the processes of history only as one who 
knows God, loves God and serves God. When he 
forgets these things he becomes the enemy of God 

The allusion is to the unrest caused by the proposed Anti-Viol- 
: Measure , which seemed to threaten the freedom of the 
people, and to the revision of the Security Pact with the U S A 


and invites social disorder. . . In all his earthly ethical 
action the Christian is aware of the limitations of 
human action and must resolutely separate himself 
from illusions like those of idealistic ethics which 
dreams of a kingdom of human moral perfection and 
seeks it in the direction of humanistic social achieve 
ment. However, rejoicing that God deigns to use 
even sinful men as His instruments, we do not retreat 
from historical realities, filled as they are with suffer 
ing and dispair, but, looking forward to the time when 
our Lord will come again in glory according to His 
promise, as Judge and King, to perfect all things, we 
enter into these realities in Christ. . . . Man s justifica 
tion is by faith alone, never by works. However, the 
faith on which grace is bestowed unceasingly demands 
works of love." 

IV. The present stage (Since 1960) 

The present stage hardly belongs to the realm of 
historical investigation, and is more the preserve of 
the future, but one can use the current terminology 
of the Kyodan and speak of the constitutional reform 
of the Church . As I said at the very beginning, the 
track we are following is a zig-zag one, and it is like 
ly to continue so, with the result that our work calls 
for patience. What, then, is it important for us to 
keep in mind? 

(1) In speaking of constitutional reform , up till 
now, in the face of a demonstrated concern over 
quantity, the emphasis has been laid on quality. This, 
however, does not involve an underestimate of quanti 
ty. The Church in Japan is a minority, but, qua a 
minority, there is need to consider the qualitative 
character of the course it is to follow. It is not our 

44 1963 TN REVIEW 

vocation to be a minority which drags along behind 
society ; the Church is called to be a minority which 
makes known its true form in accordance with God s 
Word, and which, as a forgiven group of people, 
fulfils its creative function within society. 

(2) Involved in our understanding of society is the 
place where the revelation given in Christ is operative. 
Not only is there much confusion and injustice 
in Japan and the world ; they are also the place 
where God s redemption is wrought out, the place 
where God s work is accomplished. From this stand 
point we must make a situational analysis of Japan 
in the light of our Christian faith, and we need to 
understand what God is meaning to do in Japan. 
That is not simply the role of the pastor or the soci 
ologist ; it is the role all must take. In 1 Corinthians 
we read that the brethren in the early Church 
joined together in their hymns of praise, in hearing 
the Word, and in instruction, but then we have the 
If someone sitting in his place receives a 
evelation, let the first speaker stop (1 Corinthians 
: the Kyodan were to follow this injunc- 
in place of a piece-meal division of society, mini- 
try, evangelism, mission study etc., one would hope 
for a concentration of our work. 

(3) When one asserts that it is not clear what the 
authority is and what mode of activity it is 
o engage in, when it speaks to society, the Church s 
M>n social problems becomes hesitant. But when 
hurch engages in activity, even though it is able 
k only at different levels, the obligation to speak 
The Church does not have only one way 
king I think it necessary that an untrammell- 
I freedom be demonstrated within the Church Par 
ticularly in the Church, when there is division else- 


where, it ought to be possible to learn together and 
talk together without creating division. It is wrong, 
however, to say that only when the whole body of 
the Church has achieved unity, should it speak. 

(4) Finally, in the midst of a society which ex 
periences violent change, and in an age when we must 
ascertain our nation s future and proceed along that 
future, apart from the unconcern of the intellectuals, 
one must fear a lapse into something resembling a- 
pathy. Particularly after the Security Pact affair, were 
not all looking to the method of the professional wrest 
ler rather than to the method of Diet debate? The 
pattern of the wrestling bout in its application to par 
liamentary procedure has not been removed. It is 
precisely in such a situation that the Church must 
proceed, taking the form in Christ of a humanity 
which bears true, social responsibility. We are to 
make use of the gifts, man-power and organization 
that has been bestowed upon us, and work for the 
growth of the Church, and seek to fulfil the Church s 
task in the world : (Matthew 28 : 19-20) . 


Masatoshi Matsushita 
What do we mean by Current Thought ? 

I do not really know whether there is such a thing 
as current thought in Japan. It is more likely that 
we shall find current ideas or a variety of streams of 
thought, some of which will be deeply founded and 
others ill founded. Certain ideas will gain in populari 
ty, but that will not preserve them from superficiality, 
whereas others, though apparently unpopular and re 
garded as defunct in some areas, may be very influential 
and determinative in our national destiny. It is, ac 
cordingly, difficult to determine what is truly signifi 
cant. Thoughts which are popular in the journals 
may be or may not be important. 

Japanese journalism is always interested in some 
thing new but that something new is not usually 
some newly born thought or philosophy, but rather 
some new importation. To give an illustration Ex 
istentialist thinking is not necessarily new, for it occurs 
in both Christianity and Buddhism, and yet, for the 
journalists, it is the commodity imported from 
France. In its interpretation of humanity, existential 
ism can be said to have lasting significance, and it is 
this aspect which is embodied within Christian thou 
ght, but the * existentialism of the journalists is a 
passing whim and hardly important and, in actual fact, 
we may say that the phase of existentialism is al 
ready a thing of the past. 


The answer of the intelligentsia. 

Some * experts on the subject of * current thought , 
if invited to write an article of this kind, would most 
likely have checked the back numbers of Chuokoron 
(the Central Review) and Sekai (the World) . These 
two monthly journals possess high prestige, and repre 
sent largely the standpoint of the intelligentsia. Our 
experts would have read all the important articles and 
then made an analytical comparison, and then been in a 
position to make some conclusions as to the general 
tendency of current thought. Such a survey might 
claim to be objective or scientific , but I personally 
would query the value of such a survey. The reason 
is that I question the true importance of these journals. 
Admittedly they represent the thought or mental at 
titude of the intelligentsia, but is the thinking of the 
intelligentsia truly important ? It would seem to be 
negative, sentimental and destructive the result of a 
vague mood rather than of hard thinking. One charac 
teristic of the Japanese intellectual is that he is always 
against the Government. He is always anti-national 
istic * international , but with an internationalism that 
is always partial. In conflicts between the West and 
the Communist world they have mechanically taken 
the side of the latter. It is not that they are Com 
munists, for they have no party membership. They 
would claim to be neutralist , and for a long time 
Nehru was their hero and India was their * Kingdom 
of Heaven . But now that the age of Nehru is past, 
both Nehru and India are conveniently forgotten. 
Where difficulties arise, they escape their dilemma by 
ignoring it. 

Let me give Professor Ikutaro Shimizu (of Gaku- 

48 1963 IN REVIEW 

shuin University) as an example of mutability within 
the ranks of the intelligentsia. (Incidentally, he is 
one whose articles often appear in Chuokoron, Sekai 
and other journals of "High prestige".) He was a 
liberal before the war, and a nationalist during the 
war. Immediately after the war he became a pragma- 
tist of the American type, but then adopted a Marxist 
standpoint and maintained that position for some time. 
Recently he has begin to criticize Marxism, and one 
may well ask what the next move will be ! I am of 
the opinion that such favorite sons of our Japanese 
journalism are not really important in determining 
national destiny. 

I would go so far as to say that the articles in such 
journals are little more than commodities which fit 
the peculiar taste of our intelligentsia. One may well 
query the advisability of using the word thought 
with regard to their products. It would be more ap 
propriate to classify them with cosmetics, popular songs 
or fashionable designs! 

May I suggest that the dilettante character of what 
our intelligentsia produce is conditioned by the peculi 
arities of Japanese politics and economy ? Politics are 
largely in the control of reactionaries, radicals or un 
thinking liberals. They are experts in the game of 
politics, but have no fundamental political philosophy. 
They accordingly have little to interest the intelligent 
sia. Japanese economy has grown and is still growing, 
but the expansion is due to the businessman and the 
industrialist, and the politician and the intelligentsia 
have done little to contribute. It has been possible 
because of inborn intelligence and industriousness a- 
mongst the Japanese. The intelligentsia are, accord 
ingly, in a class by themselves and have nothing con 
structive to offer because of the very in-between charac- 


ter of their position in society. The result is often a 
mere negative criticism the criticism that is derived 
from non-involvement. 

I have spoken as if the intelligentsia were a group, 
but it would be a mistake to fail to recognize that, 
qua individuals, they may have much to offer of a 
constructive or practical nature. Many of them, in 
dividually, would characterize the distinctive industri- 
ousness of the Japanese. I would suggest that, as a 
group, their influence is extremely negative, but that 
they have something to offer, when freed from the 

By current thought I would seek to define not 
some type of thinking, which may be clear or vague, 
lasting or temporarily influential or non- influential, but 
rather that type of thinking which either determines 
or, at least exercises a great influence on the destiny of 
the nation. 

The place of Nationalism 

Following my definition of thought as that which 
greatly affects the destiny of the nation, I would say 
that nationalism exercises a very powerful influence. 
By this I do not necessarily mean a rebirth of Fascist 
or Nazi ideology, although one cannot rule out the pos 
sibility of such a resurgence whether here in Japan 
or elsewhere in the world. There is probably more 
danger of such a drift here in Japan than in America 
or England, but Japan is perhaps no further on such 
a road than France or Italy. The correct antidote 
to an extreme nationalism would not be an anti-nation 
alism, but a healthy regard for the importance of the 
nation, where dangerous extremes could be naturally 

50 !%.* IN KI-VIl AV 

There arc some organizations of extreme nationalism 
which openly advocate violence, and one such group 
is held by many to be responsible for the assassination 
of Mr. Inajiro Asanuma, the former head of the Social 
ist Party. Its head, IVlr. Akao, would deny responsibili 
ty for the crime, but both he and other leaders frankly 
admired the courage and * patriotism of Yamagu- 
chi, the assassin. Whilst the nationalist group may 
not be legally involved ; it is ideologically involved. 
There are perhaps five or six organizations which 
foster an extreme nationalism, and there is always the 
possibility that young men of twisted judgement may 
try dangerous and desperate methods. 

The extreme right does not limit its attacks to the 
leftist groups. Liberals and conservatives are far more 
frequently their victims. The logic seems to be that 
liberal and conservative politicians are too laisser faire 
in their attitude to the lelt, and so deserve punishment. 
Whilst admitting both actual and potential threats from 
the ultra-nationalists, I would suggest that we must 
not over-exaggerate their power and influence. Today 
they are not numerous and they have no important 
sponsors. We are very conscious that the nationalists 
were responsible for leading the country to war, but 
they then had the strong support of the army. It was 
the taxpayer who then financed the sponsors of the 
ultra-nationalist movement. 

But that army no longer exists, and the National 
Defence Force is very different from the old army. 
It is theoretically possible that the present National 
Defence I orce could take the place- of the old and 
strong army, and because of the possibility we must 
be on our guard. Our protection would be, I feel, 
to develop a sane nationalism and to bar the army 
from influence in politics. In other words, we must 

CURRENT Tiiouciin 1 6i 

ensure that there is no situation arising, where the 
Defence Force would feel that it must make a stand ". 

A * moderate National iam 

In speaking of nationalism I have so far dealt 
only with its extreme manifestations. I have not meant 
to emphasise so much its importance as its limitations, 
and it should be sharply distinguished from a more 
moderate and representative nationalism. This latter 
is not really nationalism at all in an ideological sense 
nor yet is it organizational. It exists as a basic mood 
a more or less unconscious belief or, at times, a com 
mon sense attitude. 

The reason why the Liberal- Democratic Party is 
able to maintain its strong majority in the Diet is be 
cause of its mildly nationalist standpoint. People do 
not vote so much for the party as for the mild and 
common sense nationalism which it seems to favor. 
As a party, the Liberal-Democrats are disliked because 
of their corruptness and inefficiency, but the only al 
ternative would be to vote for the Socialists, and their 
platform, being anti-nationalist, is not generally ac 
ceptable. There are those (and especially amongst the 
younger groups) who vote for the Socialists, even 
though they do not believe in socialism. They do so, 
because they cannot in good conscience support the 
Liberal -Democrats. This standpoint is understandable, 
because the professional politicians of the party in 
power are, at best, second-class. They are powerful, 
but they are not respected. They can exercise power, 
but have little moral influence. It would be my o- 
pinion that 70% of the voters for the Liberal- Demo 
crats do not really support the party, but are in favour 
of a mildly nationalistic policy, and that the same 

52 1963 IN REVIEW 

would be true of 50% of those who cast a vote for 
the Socialists. In other words, there is no party which 
truly represents the feelings of the voter, and their 
votes are accordingly divided between the Liberal- 
Democrats and the Socialists. There is, of course, 
the Social Democratic party, which is distinctly anti- 
communist. In this sense, it can be said to be con 
cerned with national interest, and it has the support 
of the second largest federation of Labor Unions. Its 
present membership in the Diet is 23, and there is 
some possibility that it will increase its membership 
to 40 or 50. It will never, however, become, a ma 
jority party, and the reason is that its leadership is 
drawn from the intelligentsia who have no strong 
national background. Its ideas and policies are mostly 
of foreign origin, and it is too much afraid of being 
regarded as nationalistic . It can only be a minori 
ty, because no party or system of thought can be in 
fluential in Japan, unless it be influenced by a natu 
ral nationalism . It must be recognized as Japa 
nese, and not an importation. 

The significance of the * New Religions . 

It may seem strange to include the so-called New 
Religions within a survey of current thought , for 
there are many who would ignore them whether a- 
mongst the ranks of the University professors or a- 
mongst the Christians. To ignore them, because they 
are distasteful is to seek to escape from reality, for 
whether they be attractive or not, whether it be for 
tunate or unfortunate, the new religions do exist, 
and they constitute a strong and growing influence in 
Japanese thinking today. We cannot afford to ignore 



To define a new religion as a religious organiza 
tion which is registered within the Federation of the 
New Religions would be an oversimplification and un 
realistic, for such a definition would rule out Soka 
Gakkai, the most powerful and aggressive of the new 
movements. The latter would claim that the Nichiren 
Sho sect, which it supports, embraces the only true 
religion, and that all others are false and detrimental 
to Japan s well-being. It will not, therefore, cooper 
ate, and so could hardly be incorporated in any Feder 
ation. Its precise membership is uncertain, but it may 
be approaching the eight million mark.* 

The largest organization within the Federation of 
the New Religions is Rissho Kosei Kai with a member 
ship of upwards of two million, whilst Perfect Liberty 
Kyodan (commonly called P. L.) claims one million, 
three hundred thousand. Sekai Kyusei Kyo would 
claim close to half a million. The Federation includes 
about 70 organizations- with a total membership of up 
wards of five million. If one were to omit member 
ship of the one-time Shinto Sects, New Religions 
would account for some 13-14 million, but from a 
practical point of of view one must include older move 
ments such as Tenrikyo (with over two million mem 
bers) and Konkokyo. Along with the New Re 
ligions we should also include some new Shinto and 
Buddhist sects which are revolting against the old 
tradition. For example, Kodo Kyodan is nominally 
a part of the Tendai Sect of Buddhism, but is tanta 
mount to a new sect. Seicho no le first insisted that 
it was not a religion, but a positivist approach to e- 
thics, but now it is registered as a religious corpora - 

*See the article on the Religious World for the statistics of this 
movement. (Ed.) 

5-4 1963 IN REVIEW 


There is at least one more powerful thought-group 
which claims not to be a religion, so that anyone, 
Christian, Buddhist or Shintoist, can belong. It is 
called Jissen Rinri Koseikai, and claims one million 
and three hundred thousand. 

If one were to take all such groups into considera 
tion, it could be estimated that 25 million (over one 
quarter of the pepulation of Japan) are involved in 
their thinking. It is true that there is little co-opera 
tion between them of a deep nature, since each wishes 
jealously to guard its own interests but there are com 
mon traits within them all, to which I would like to 
refer :- 

(1) They were born in Japan, but they all claim 
to be world religions and are eager to propagate their 
* gospels in other lands ; 

(2) They are activistic and enthusiastic ; 

(3) They all advocate a spirit of service, and act 
ually practice it ; 

^ They are all (with the possible exception of 
Soka Gakkai) moderately nationalistic. 

t is in this last-named trait, that they participate in 
the general, unarticulated feeling of the Japanese, 
ihey differ amongst themselves in their particular 
items of belief, but their Japanese character is un 

There is no way of predicting whether the new 
will grow or decline. It is probable that 
will grow and others decline, and that other 
movements will come into existence. I would be bold 
enough to predict that in the next ten years the num 
bers will grow to almost fifty million. 

An interesting and almost ironical feature of these 


new movements is that they largely borrow from Christ 
ianity not only in matters of doctrine, but (more 
particularly) in practice also. They all teach and 
practice unselfish devotion and sacrifice ; they all teach 
the value of the individual ; they all emphasize interna 
tional friendship and peace. In terms of practice, one 
may at times query whether they are not more Christ 
ian than some so-called Christians. They have certain 
ly done something towards raising moral standards and 
promoting general happiness. 

The intelligentsia look down upon them as supersti 
tions, but there is much subjective thinking in the 
definition of what is and what is not a * superstition . 
From the standpoint of science, many were somewhat 
irrational in their approach to life, but many now 
attain some modernity and a scientific outlook with 
first-class hospitals and universities. They are good 
organizers and they know how to utilize personnel. 

The place of Communism. 

I would not wish to underestimate the power of 
communism in Japan. The Japanese Communist Party 
is well organized and is very aggressive, but its mem 
bership is less than one hundred thousand, and there 
is no startling growth evident. Unless Japan is con 
quered by a Communist power, it would seem unlikely 
that Japan will go communist and that, once again, 
is due to the un-Japanese character of communistic 

Outsiders wonder at the rapid modernization of 
Japan over the past one hundred years. Japan is a 
modern country, but Japan is still oriental at heart. 
The elan vital of Japan has not much changed. Christ- 

56 1963 IN REVIEW 

ianity has come to Japan, but Japan is not Christian. 
What has happened is that some aspects of Christ 
ianity, which seemed useful to Japan s well-being, 
were adopted and others rejected or ignored. Japan 
is willing to take from the West ; but essentially Japan 
remains Japanese. 


William F. Woodard 

After centuries of feudalism, and nearly a century 
of somewhat strict government supervision, Japanese 
religious leaders in May, 1952, for the first time found 
themselves untrammeled by either their own govern 
ment or a foreign occupation. Within the limits of 
laws governing all the people, they were free to de 
velop their own organizations and the course of the 
religious world in any way they might choose. How 
ever, since few of them Buddhist, Christian, or 
Shinto had made a careful study of the principles 
of religious freedom and separation of church and 
state, there was no unanimity of opinion as to how 
these principles should be implemented ; and there 
were no carefully thought out proposals regarding the 
the subject. Consequently, the debate on this issue 
continued during the following decade, and through 
out 1962-63, much as it had been carried on during 
the Allied Occupation. 

At the close of 1963 the general trend of the dis 
cussion appeared to favor a return to some of the 
pre-World War II practices, but it seemed unlikely 
that there would be any marked change in the im 
mediate future. 

During the year tension between opposing groups 
could be noted, for example, in connection with Prime 
Minister Ikeda s proposal to develop and improve 

* This article is based on articles by the writer which first appeared 
in The Japan Times in December, 1%3, and January, 1%4. 
They are used here with the permission of the publisher. 

58 1963 IN REVIEW 

Japan s " human resources," which was presented as 
a movement to raise the moral and spiritual level of 
the people. In spite of this commendable objective, 
there was strong opposition on the ground that govern 
ment was trying to interfere in religion. Other divi 
sions of opinion were to be seen in regard to such 
matters as the attitude of the people toward the Im 
perial Family, the national flag, and the national 

The fact that a record breaking crowd of 175,000 
visited the palace on January 2, 1963, normally would 
be regarded as indicating a healthy state of mind 
toward the Imperial Family. Yet, because the total 
was noticeably larger than the 102,000 in 1962, some 
religious observers viewed the increase with apprehen 
sion as possibly indicating a reactionary trend. As 
a matter of fact, in contrast with the inclement 
weather of January, 1962, the year 1963 was ushered 
in with a spate of good weather which invited people 
out of doors. Even so the total was only 3,000 more 
than in 1961. 

Other trends that are sometimes regarded as straws 
in the wind are the size of the crowds visiting the 
great Shinto shrines on New Year s Day, and the 
Imperial Palace grounds on His Majesty s birthday 
(April 29) . In no case, however, was there an increase 
in 1963 sufficient to justify any special apprehension 
on the part of critics. 

Some organized activities that stirred related emotions 
were movements (1) to revive February 11 as National 
Foundation Day, (2) to give Yasukuni Shrine a status 
other than that of a religious corporation, (3) to make 
August 15 a Day of Remembrance of those that 
sacrificed their lives for their country in World War 
) to strengthen the ethics courses in government 


schools and, as mentioned above, (5) to encourage 
the use of the national flag and the national anthem. 
For one reason or another, each of these is a sensitive 
point over which religious leaders are often divided. 

The issue concerning which the religious world is 
most vocal, however, is the proposed revision of the 
Constitution. In the first place, many religious leaders 
are opposed to any amendment, whatsoever, because of 
fear that a change in the status of the Emperor or a 
revision of the renunciation-of-war-article will presage 
a revival of ultranationalism and militarism. In the 
second place, many of them regard any possible change 
in the articles dealing with the fundamental human 
rights as an opening wedge which will ultimately 
result in giving a special status to Shinto Shrines, 
and the Yasukuni Shrine in particular. There is a 
not-unnatural fear that freedom of religion and the 
separation of "church" and state may thereby be 
compromised. Opposition to any change in Article 
89, which has to do with the non-use of official funds 
for religious purposes, is in the same class. 

Although the opponents of amending the Constitution 
are to be found in all the major religious groups, at 
one point during the year there was a sharp exchange 
of communications between the Buddhist Federation, 
on the one hand, and some Christian organizations, 
on the other, because (1) of a proposal that the 
Buddhist Federation study the question of amending 
the Constitution, and (2) the remarks of a prominent 
Buddhist leader favoring changes in both Articles 20 
and 89. It seems fair to say that, although some re 
ligious groups favored revision, a still larger group 
was opposed. 

The international events which attracted the atten 
tion of Japanese religionists were the agreement on a 

fiO 1963 IN REVIEW 

limited nuclear ban, the unfortunate position of Bud 
dhists in Southern Vietnam, and the assassination of 
President Kennedy. 


Approximately 1.5 million people nearly 15 per 
cent of the population of Tokyo reportedly visited 
Meiji Shrine on New Year s Eve and January 1, 1963. 
The total for the first three days was said to have 
exceeded two million one of the largest crowds since 
the end of World War II. Figures for other shrines 
in the metropolitan area and throughout the nation 
were equally impressive as the country was generally 
blessed with favorable weather. 

During the year Shinto leaders continued their ef 
forts to promote a number of changes, primarily of a 
social or political significance, which they regard as 
of special importance not only for shrines but for the 
development of sound patriotism. These included the 
re-institution of February 11 as National Foundation 
Day, enhancement of the use of the national flag and 
the national anthem, a special legal status for Yasukuni 
Shrine, and revision of .the Constitution. 

On February 11 approximately 3,000 people gathered 
in Hibiya Public Hall in Tokyo, for the annual ob 
servance of National Foundation Day sponsored by 
the Association of Shinto Shrines, and some 150 
meetings of a similar nature were reportedly held 
oughout the country. However, the relatively small 
number of meetings and the size of the crowds would 
appear to indicate that this was not a burning issue 
In the spring a bill was presented to the Diet which 
tfould have created additional holidays, including 
February 11, but it died in committee. Association 


leaders actively participated in a rally of 6,000 people 
on the Emperor s birthday (April 29) for the purpose 
of organizing a society to preserve and promote the 
use of the national flag. 

Yasukuni Shrine was in the news on a number of 
occasions during the year. In February, 150 men of 
the French Navy made a formal visit to the shrine, 
and in June the King of Thailand, who was in this 
country on an official visit, sent a messenger with a 
wreath and gift of money to Yasukuni Shrine and to 
pay respects at the tomb for the unidentified war-dead 
at Chidorigafuchi Park in Tokyo. But the shrine 
was primarily in the news because of the increased 
efforts on the part of its supporters and the bereaved 
families to change its status from that of a religious 
corporation to a civil status which will " preserve its 
unique character and tradition " and enable it to re 
ceive subsidies from public funds. 

The most significant happening in the shrine world 
in 1963 would appear to have been the appointment 
by the Association of Shinto Shrines of a commission 
to study the nature of Shrine Shinto and to define the 
attitude of the Association on such matters as the 
relation of shrines to the state, the spirit of shrines, 
and shrine teachings (doctrine) . This commission 
could have a very significant influence on the future 
of Shinto in Japan. 

There are 80,709 incorporated Shinto Shrines, which 
have approximately 20,000 priests and an estimated 
64.8 million worshippers ; but many incorporated bodies 
include a number of individual shrines. There are, 
in addition, thousands of small wayside shrines which 
are unincorporated. 

62 1963 IN REVIEW 


Turning now to Sect Shinto, while a number of 
the prewar sects of so-called Sectarian Shinto* count 
their followers by the hundreds of thousands, and 
Izumo Oyashiro-kyo (formerly Taisha-kyo) reports 
23 million adherents, most of these sects have only 
a few tens of thousands of followers, and none have 
experienced any remarkable growth or engaged in any 
very unusual activities in recent years. The fact is 
that even the new, postwar Shinto-related sects are 
not strong in comparison with many of the Buddhist 
and unclassified sects. Outside Shrine Shinto, the 
people as a whole do not seem to feel too deeply 
concerned about Shinto as a faith. (Shinto Shusei-ha, 
which used to claim more than 400,000 followers, 
has sold its Tokyo headquarters and moved to more 
modest facilities near Mount Fuji. It reports some 
50,000 Members Misogi-kyo, which in prewar years 
had over 300,000 followers, today reports 25,000.) 
It is still too early, of course, to venture a prophecy 
as to what will happen to these faiths in the future, 
but the general trend in recent years has been de 
finitely unfavorable and there was no change in this 
respect in 1963. 

Onioto, which in recent years has affiliated with the 
Sectarian Shinto Federation and thus has a more 
active part in the religious world, continued its marked 
interest in such organizations as the Anti A-H Bomb 

In the prewar years thirteen sects were officially recognized by the 
;overnment and classified as Sectarian Shinto (Kyoha Shinto), 
is number, however, Konko-kyo and Tenri-kyo are not re- 
today as being true Shinto sects and should be treated 
They are included here because the official statistics 
include them in this category. 


Movement, World Federation, and the Religionists 
Peace Council. 

Ananai-kyo, whose founder and leader, Yonosuke 
Nakano, was imprisoned and cruelly treated during 
World War II, is affiliated with the Union of New 
Religious Organizations and is one of the more active 
of the newer sects of Shinto derivation. During 1963 
Ananaikyo sponsored the fourth Conference on Spiritual 
Civilizations with 150 participants from 17 Southeast 
Asian Countries. 

Tenrikyo and Konkokyo, which for special reasons 
continue as members of the Sectarian Shinto Federa 
tion, although they regard themselves as unique, 
independent religions, must be briefly mentioned but 
cannot be adequately discussed. During 1963 Tenri- 
kyo s patriarch, the Rev. Shozen Nakayama, visited 
the United States and Brazil in order to promote the 
overseas activities of the sect, and a quarterly maga 
zine aimed at promoting missionary work in Korea 
was inaugurated. (15,340 churches, 5,409 preaching 
centers, 167,595 clergy, 2,124,084 members) (Incident 
ally Tenrikyo is said to be the only Japanese-sponsored 
pre-World War II religious movement in Korea which 
has survived the war.) 

Konkokyo suffered a severe loss in the death of 
the third patriarch, the 82-year-old Rev. Setsutane 
Konkd. Some 30,000 people attended his funeral. 
In October the 80th anniversary of its founding was 
celebrated for two weeks with an estimated 80,000 
participants. (1,631 churches, 48 preaching centers, 
3,837 clergy, 581,148 members) 

The total number of local religious organizations 
belonging to these sects is approximately 35,500, includ 
ing some 24,000 churches and 11,500 preaching places. 
These are served by approximately 176,900 profes- 



sional workers almost evenly divided between men and 
women and have a membership of about 13.8 million. 
It should be noted, however, that Tenri-kyo alone 
accounts for more than half (about 58%) of the local 
religious bodies and more than 90% of the clergy. 


Buddhism with its 166 separate sects incorporated 
on a national level, an unknown number of small 
sects active on only a local prefectural level, and some 
1,500 independent temples, is very difficult to appraise. 
Altogether there are approximately 109,000 priests and 
22,500 nuns serving 75,640 temples and 17,568 chur 
ches and propaganda centers. They minister to ap 
proximately 61.7 million people who are regarded as 
adherents. Moreover, there are some 1,382 kinder 
gartens and day nurseries, 249 schools, colleges, and 
universities, and 467 social welfare institutions of the 
Buddhist tradition. Included in the above are both 
the so-called established sects of what may best be 
called temple Buddhism and an unknown number of 
new sects, often mistakenly called new religions. 

Is Buddhist growing ? Some 44 years ago, that is, 
in 1919, the total number of Buddhist adherents was 
officially reported to be about 45 million. In 1943, 
although the population had increased to more than 
73 million, the number remained about the same. 
By 1961, however, Buddhist temples, churches, etc., 
reported 61.7 million adherents in a total population 
of approximately 94 million. 

It would appear, then, that in the past 40 years the 

* It should also be noted that the classification of clergy differs 
form group to group, In Tenrikyo not all clergy are full- 
time ministers, the term specifying all who have taken courses 
of special instruction at Tenri. (Kd.) 


numerical strength of Buddhism in relation to the 
population has declined from about 80 to 65 per cent, 
but this is an over-simplification. The figure today 
includes not only the adherents of the established 
sects but also those of the newer Buddhist sects. 
There is, therefore, considerable duplication perhaps 
as much as 10 to 15 or even 20 million because the 
followers of the new sects do not as a rule leave 
their traditional temples. In other words, the percen 
tage of the population that are regarded as adherents 
of the traditional temples has in fact declined from 
some 80 to about 50 per cent, which is indeed a 
serious matter for the established sects. Therefore, 
although Buddhism as a whole is much more active 
today than ever before in modern Japanese history, 
there seems to have been no substantial increase in 
the total numerical strength of the faith itself. Un 
doubtedly because of the movement of the population 
to the city, the long-established temples in rural areas 
are numerically much weaker than ever before. 

A second matter of considerable interest is the fact 
that during 1963, because of the deplorable events in 
South Vietnam, Buddhism received unprecedented at 
tention in the newspaper headlines. Normally religion 
is not considered to be newsworthy by the vernacular 
press of this country, but 1963 was an exception. 
Buddhism reached the front page on numerous oc 
casions, largely in a favorable context an experience 
that is said to have helped boost the morale of Bud 
dhists in general. 

On the national scene, a number of developments 
occurred which are worthy of note. The established 
sects became more concerned over the inroads Soka 
Gakkai, a militant Buddhist sect of the Nichiren 
tradition, was making among their adherents and 

66 1%3 IN REVIEW 

resistance to it became stronger. Buddhist leaders 
became outspoken in their dissatisfaction with certain 
articles in the Constitution affecting religion. The 
legal battle continued over the rights of temples in 
respect to their burial grounds another issue that 
involved Soka Gakkai. Efforts to secure government 
compensation for land taken from the temples in con 
nection with the postwar land reform became more 
concrete. A movement to promote Buddhist Sunday 
Schools as a means of combating juvenile delinquency 
was launched. Finally, leaders of the Japan Buddhist 
Federation, which consists of some 150 sects and or 
ganizations, expressed the opinion that the time had 
come for the federation to function more positively. 
It may be, therefore, that there will be greater activity 
in 1964. 

Buddhism, or more specifically the Lotus Sutra 
the most important scripture for a large section of 
Japanese Buddhism has provided the foundation and 
the initial inspiration for the most influential newer 
religious sects in this country. One of these, Reiyu 
Kai, which gives primany emphasis to ancestor worship, 
has been the source of some of the strongest. (The 
only exception to this statement is Soka Gakkai which, 
though based on the same scripture, follows a distinctly 
different tradition.) In spite of numerous postwar 
secessions, Reiyu Kai reported a total of nearly four 
million adherents. In addition to a building program 
in Shizuoka Prefecture, the headquarters announced 
early last year that approval had been received from 
the Ministry of Education to open a high school in 
Tokyo in 1964. 

Of the successful religious movements to have grown 
out of ReiyQ Kai, Rissho Kosei Kai (with 2 million 
members) is the most successful. Its Great Sacred 


Hall (Dai Seido) in Nakano Ward, Tokyo, has now 
been completed, and will be opened in May 1964. 
Its estimated capacity is 30,000 people, and the total 
cost has exceeded 4,000 million or more than $11 

Other secessions count their followers by the hundreds 
of thousands, whereas only three of the numerous 
newer Buddhist sects, not of the ReiyQ Kai tradition, 
report more than 100,000 followers. 


Soka Gakkai, which is also one of the newer move 
ments of the Nichiren Buddhist tradition, has been 
so much in the public eye throughout the year that 
no adequate consideration of it can be given here in 
the limited space available. 

Its claims to remarkable monthly increases in mem 
bership continued. Its success in the spring general 
elections of 1963 was phenomenal at both national 
and local levels. Its overseas expansion appears to 
have been significant, although not enough is known 
on this latter point to write with any assurance. 

During the year a number of its leaders traveled 
abroad, including visits to the USSR, and in September 
20,000 representatives met in the great auditiorium 
of Nippon University to celebrate completion of the 
new headquarters building in Shinano-machi, Shinjuku 
Ward, Tokyo. A venture into the field of choral 
singing societies and orchestras as activities for its 
youth was noteworthy last year. Shrine Shinto obser 
vers express the opinion that the previous criticism 
of shrine worship by Soka Gakkai leaders has abated 
and that at present there is no confrontation between 
the shrines and Soka Gakkai members. There is also 

68 1963 IN REVIEW 

evidence that some of the excesses of the past have 
been curtailed. During 1963 the organization claimed 
more than ten million followers, but conservative 
estimates would put the number very much lower. 


The visible evidence of Christian influence on the 
life of the Japanese people is very considerable. Year 
after year by means of literature, music, art, symbol, 
and personal contact, the gospel is imperceptibly but 
steadily penetrating deeper and deeper into the culture 
of the country. A total of 32,694 individuals, were 
baptized during 1962-63, and the total reported church 
membership is 749,044. Yet institutionally Christanity 
does not flourish. Statistically the Christian Church 
hardly deserves to be compared with the major, or 
even some of the minor, Buddhist and Shinto bodies, 
but a statistical perspective alone would be no more 
satisfactory than would one that completely ignored 
the subject. 

The Japan Orthodox Church, may be quoted to 
llustrate the problems connected with statistics. Hav 
ing reported for some years past a total membership 
35,000 to 40,000, the new leaders of the Church 
apparently decided to face the facts and make a new 
start this year. Consequently, according to the 1964 
Japanese-language Christian Year Book, the total mem- 
ship of the Church is 8,927. (A secessionist group 
lated with the Russian Orthodox Church in Moscow 
; two congregations with a total membership of 
Thus there has been a book loss of 25,000, but 
be a mistake of course to conclude that this 
actually occurred in 1963. To those already 
familiar with the situation, the new figure came as 


no surprise. It was simply a matter of time before 
this was bound to happen. The Orthodox Church, 
which was founded by Russians but is not now 
affiliated with Moscow, faced a great many diffi 
culties during World War II and perhaps even more 
in the postwar period. It is, therefore, a cause for 
considerable satisfaction on the part of its friends that 
the Church has apparently surmounted its more serious 
problems and is now facing the future with new 
leadership, vigor, and hope. It is hoped that generous 
friends in the West will be able to help it to secure 
full title to its property. 

A delegation of dignitaries from the Russian Ortho 
dox Church, that arrived in Tokyo in mid-December 
from Moscow, came to visit the above-mentioned 
small secessionist group. 

Catholicism, with 308,000 believers in 1963, has at 
last passed the seventeenth century figures. In com 
menting on the religious situation in this country 
a keen Buddhist observer remarked that 1963 could 
well be characterized as the Catholic Year." The 
Second Vatican Council, the death of Pope John 
XXIII, the election of Pope Paul VI, the crisis in 
South Vietnam, and finally the assassination of the 
Church s most famous son, the late President John 
F. Kennedy, all brought the Church into the limelight 
in an unprecedented manner. Thanks in no small 
measure to the changed attitude of the Church, a 
refreshing breeze, or at least a zephyr, has been 
blowing throughout the world of interfaith fellowship. 

Protestantism in Japan is one of the most difficult 
areas of the religious world to review with any degree 
of confidence. In the first place, with its more than 
80 denominations and some 150 foreign missionary 
societies, not to mention innumerable church-related 

?0 1963 IN REVIEW 

societies, institutions, and movements, the situation 
is so complicated that it is practically impossible for 
any one individual, Japanese or foreign, to understand 
and evaluate what is being done. In the second place, 
it is very unlikely that a review of Protestantism can 
be written with a perpective that will be considered 
satisfactory to non-Christian observers, not to mention 
innumerable Protestant critics. Who can say precisely 
what a correct perspective is ? ! 

Although the Protestant movement obviously is pen 
etrating the life of the nation in ways that are not 
apparent in the church statistics, the statistics them 
selves are of considerable interest. The total number 
of reported baptisms for the past church-year was 
17,079 and the total membership of all non-Catholic 
and non-Orthodox churches is 431,015. Statistics 
are not entirely accurate, as some denominations 
(mainly smaller ones) fail to report, and older figures 
must be used. 

At any rate, the increase over the 1962 membership 
was 27,169. Compared with a decade ago, there has 
been a net gain of about 82 per cent or approximately 
200,000 in total membership, which is probably about 
all that can be expected at present in view of the 
sectarian fragmentation and other conditions existing 
in Protestantism. 

Non main-stream movements. 

Among the numerous significant Christian develop 
ments in the post- World War II period, the emergence, 
or the re -appearance, and rapid growth of a number 
of movements outside the main stream of the Pro 
testant Christian tradition has been very noticeable. 
Christian Science, for example, has been in Japan 


since 1918 but until recently confined itself almost 
entirely to the English language. Now, however, 
considerable material is being prepared in Japanese 
and it may be assumed that before long its Japanese 
constituency will increase. 

The Mormons, or the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-Day Saints,* as the movement is officially called, 
had missionaries in Japan between 1901 and 1920, 
but because of government surveillance and ultimate 
suppression no substantial movement resulted. In 
1948, new missionaries began to arrive and since then 
the Church has reported remarkable growth. In Tokyo 
it has five branches and there is a total of 24 branches 
throughout the country. As of March 30, 1964 there 
were 173 missionaries, including 12 Japanese, active 
in the country. The total number of members was 

Jehovah s Witnesses are not newcomers to this 
country, either, but they also were not able to become 
established in prewar years because of the attitude of 
the government. The first postwar missionaries ar 
rived in 1948. Today, it is reported that there are 
68 missionaries in the country. Eighteen of these 
live in Tokyo and the rest have taken up residence 
in Kobe, Sapporo, Hiroshima, Fukuoka, and Kuma- 
moto. Meetings are held in the missionaries homes. 
The Japanese clergy are reported to number 268 ; the 
total number of believers is given as 2,580. 

Of a somewhat different nature are two movements 
which in a Japanese context, at least, can best be 
described as " so-called new religions." One of these 
is The Original Gospel (Genshi Fukuin) movement, 

* A more recent comer to Japan is The Reorganized Church of 
Latter Day Saints, which has its headquarters in Independence, 
Missouri, USA. 

72 1963 IN REVIEW 

or T/ie Tabernacle of God (Kami no Makuyd) 
groups. The founder of this movement is a layman 
by the name of Ikuro Teshima, who began his formal 
activities in Kumamoto about 1950. Generalities are 
misleading but it seems appropriate to describe it as 
a kind of Pentacostal movement which emphasizes 
a direct, ecstatic experience of the Holy Spirit, es 
pecially during periods of prayer and worship. From 
the standpoint of traditional Protestant Christianity 
the movement is unquestionably unorthodox. More 
over, like the Non-Church Movement which has great 
ly influenced the founder, it abhores anything of 
an ecclesiastical or institutional nature. Meetings are 
held in the homes of believers during the weekdays 
and on Sundays in rented halls. A Tabernacle Bible 
Seminary is conducted in Kumamoto. The movement 
gained considerable publicity abroad in 1963 because 
of a number of young men who have been sent to 
study in the Holy Land, and the visit of Dr. Otto 
Piper of Princeton Theological Seminary to Japan 
under the auspicies of the group. There are reported 
to be some 300 leaders of groups and more than 

A second movement, also in the Pentecostal tradi 
tion, is the Spirit of Jesus Church (lesu no Mitama 
Kyokai], which gives special emphasis to speaking 
with tongues as a criterion for baptism. This move 
ment was first establised during World War II because 
the founder, the Rev. Jun Murai, was unwilling to 
became a part of the United Church of Christ in 
Japan. Because of the rapidity of its growth, the 
movement has attracted a great deal of attention. 
According to the latest statistics it has 87 churches, 
121 groups, 110 ministers, and 46,870 members.* 
3,154 persons were baptized in 1962-63. Here as 


elsewhere, however, it must be remembered that the 
statistics of this and other movements like it are based 
on varying methods of computation. Consequently 
they must be used with the greatest care, especially 
where any comparison is made with other movements. 

To determine what is truly significant may be be 
yond the capacity of one person, but one can say that 
the continued success of the January Hayama Mission 
ary Conference, which brings together Protestant 
missionaries of all groups, the excellence of the second 
Japan Keswick Convention, which was held in Hakone 
late in February, and an attendance of 2,500 ministers 
and laymen at a Protestant Rally in the Tokyo area 
on the Emperor s birthday (April 29) , confirm the 
impression that there is a stronger feeling of unity 
here than appears on the surf ace -The same is true 
in respect to the conference of missionaries and Japan 
ese of the reformed tradition which is held each 
spring in the Kansai. One may refer, also, to the 
Ecumenical Groups in Tokyo, Kyoto and Kobe, in 
which Catholics and Protestants participate together. 

The election of eight Christians to the Lower House 
in the November elections, and numerous developments 
in the field of social welfare and educational work 
also bear witness to the wider impact of the Christian 
Church in Japan. 

* A careful examination of these statistics reveals that alxjut one- 
fourth of the churches and groups and some 20,000 meml>ers are 
located in Okinawa. Properly speaking, they should not lx? 
reported in the Christian Year Book or in this report. 



Raymond Hammer 

As Mr. Ogawa has said, little has happened to 
upset conservative supremacy, and Dr. Matsushita has 
suggested that a fundamental national consciousness , 
which he calls a moderate nationalism , is respon 
sible for this conservatism. 

The increased Communist vote is simply a cry of 
discontent and one feels that the success of Soka 
Gakkai in the local elections in April 1963 is not due 
so much to their increase in membership (which has 
undoubtedly occurred, although credence cannot be 
given to the extravagant claims made by the organiza 
tion) as to a feeling of frustration in the face of 
inter-party bickering and personal jealousies. The 
vote for Soka Gakkai involves also a protest against 
stagnation in local politics and a protest against the 
widening income gap resulting from the government s 
policy of economic growth. Those whose income is 
not geared to the cost-of-living index feel keenly the 
rise in commodity prices, encouraged by the income- 
doubling policy and so vote for a group which speaks 
of disinterested polities . 

Despite a general rise in wages with per-capita 
incomes* now more than twice what they were in 
1956 and improved working conditions necessitated 

* The increase in real income has been especially marked in the 
lower income groups. The general rise in 1963 was 1%, and in 
1964 should average out at 8%. 


by full employment and the labor shortages contingent 
upon it, it should be remembered that no fewer than 
6 \ million are either dependent on national as 
sistance or are in straightened economic circumstances. 
Such people have no defense against the general in 
crease in prices, and they realize that there is no 
imminent change expected in the trend of rising 
prices. It is in such a context that Soka Gakkai s 
claim to clean, disinterested politics has an appeal. 
The regular parties are very concerned about Soka 
Gakkai s declared intention of putting 30 candidates 
into the next General Election for the Diet. Whether 
the movement s soft pedalling of Shaku-buku (its 
former militant proselytizing approach) is a vote-catch 
ing manoeuvre or not remains to be seen. 

The Christian cannot but admire the scrupulous 
care shown by Soka Gakkai members in their exami 
nation of the measures brought before the Upper 
House. As Dr. Takenaka emphasizes, this world is 
the place ui which God is working, and a neglect 
of politics or an apathy towards public affairs is a 
denial of fundamental Christian truth. The Christian s 
approach to politics is too often unrelated to his 
theological presuppositions or his faith-commitments, 
and emotion is often given too large a determining 

The Christian vote is sometimes aligned with the 
left-wing approach of the intelligentsia, but if, as 
Dr. Matsushita charges, the intelligentsia make their 
criticisms from the standpoint of non-involvement (the 
balcony rather than the road!), the Christian intel 
lectual surely has the responsibility to bring a principle 
of relevance and of existential involvement to bear 
upon the situation. An idealism which is not alive 
to the realities of a sinful world is pure escapism, 

76 1963 IN REVIEW 

and brings upon the Christian justifiably the accusa 
tion that he is concerned with pie in the sky . 

Mr. Ogawa has referred to the No War clause 
as the main issue involved in the tussle over the re 
vision of the Constitution, but one may point, too, 
to a feeling of uneasiness on the part of opponents of 
any revision as to the possibility of reform leading 
to a stronger authoritarianism, with the Emperor s 
status resembling more that of the Meiji Constitution. 
It is a point of debate whether Dr. Matsushita s 
* moderate nationalism would involve a return to 
traditional social patterns or not. 


1. A city-based Society 

We are accustomed to hearing of rapid social 
change in most of the countries of Africa and Asia, 
and there has been a tendency to draw a distinction 
between Japan as a country which was already in 
dustrialized and those which are newly accomodating 
themselves to a scientific and technological age. Whilst 
such a distinction has a measure of validity, it tends 
to neglect the rapidity of change within Japan in the 
post-war years. It is probably true to say that Japan 
is more highly industrialized than most countries of 
western Europe. Whilst it was once said that the 
Church in Japan, because it was city-centered, was 
not getting to the grass-roots of Japanese society, 
because the roots were in the country, such a state 
ment is no longer true. This is not to condone the 
limitations of the Christian mission, but to say that 
the city has now reached the country through the 


Founded in 1874 by the Rt. 
Rev. Channing M. Williams, 
with five students, St. Paul s 
currently gives an education 
to 10,000 students ranging 
from the priamary through 
the university graduate level. 
A bachelor degree is granted 
to men and women who com 
plete the four year college 

College of 

Sociel Relations 
Law and Politics 

Courses for Master & Doctor s 
Degrees are offered in every 




TEL (983) 0111 

76 B 


the university division of Aoyama Gakuin, a Christian institution 
for all levels of education : Graduate School, University, Woman s 
Junior College, Senior High School, Junior High School, Elementary 
School, Kindergarten 

Founded in 1874 by ~US MethodisT Missionaries 

Dr. Kinjiro Ohki : Chancellor, Aoyama Gakuin 

President, Aoyama Gakuin University 

Organization of the University 
Graduate School 

Courses for Master s and Doctor s Degrees: 

English and American Literature, Biblical Theology, Psychology, 

Education, Economics, Commerce, Economic Policy Private Law 

Public Law 
Undergraduate School 
College of Literature (day) College of Literature (night) 

liege of Economics (day) College of Economics (night) 

College of Law (day) 

No. 22, Midorigaoka-cho, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo Tel. 402-8111 

76 C 


Chancellor : 


Graduate School 

Course for Doctor s Degree : English Literature 
Courses for Master s Decrees : English Literature, Social Work, 

Undergraduate Courses 

College of Liberal Arts: English Literature, Social Work and 

College of Economics : Economics, Commerce 
Senior High School 

Higashi-murayama Senior High School 
Junior Hitfh School 

Meiji Gakuin owes its inception to the United Presbyterian 
Church in the U. S. A. and the Reformed Church in America. It 
was founded in 1877, and its long history has displayed the Christian 
purposes of its founders, Dr. James C. Hepburn, Dr. S. R. Brown 
and Dr. G. Verbeck. 

Shirokane, Tokyo 

Phone: (143) 8230-9 

76 D 

Founded in 1918 
President : Dr. Sadaji Takagi 

College of Arts and Philosophy, Japanese Literature, 
Sciences : English and American Literature, 

History, Sociology, Psychology, 

Junior College: English 

Tokyo Joshi Daigaku is a church-related college 
founded upon the principles of Christianity. The 
aim and mission of the College, both in its 
academic and its spiritual life, are shown in its 
motto QUAECUNQUE SUNT VERA (Philippians 
iv : 8) and its badge, a cross-shaped SS standing 
for Sacrifice and Service. 


(Tokyo Joshi Daigaku) 

logi, Suginami-ku, Tokyo, Japan 
Telephone: 399-1151 

76 E 


(FOUNDED IN 1889) 











Lambuth Memorial Chapel 

76 F 


Kyoto, Japan 
(founded 1875) 



Theology, Letters, 
Law, Economics, 

Commerce, Technology 

WOMEN S COLLEGE Faculty of Liberal Arts 

SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL Co-ed., Boys, Girls, Commercial 

JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL Co-ed., Boys, Girls 


5, Nakayamate-dori 3 Chome, Ikuta-ku, Kobe 

For boys & girls ages 5 to 1 5 

Prepares for Senior High School 

(a few scholarships available) 


5 classes for adults . . . mornings 
Advanced Class specializes in preparing 

men & women for going abroad 
Founder : Bishop M. H. Yashiro, D. D. 
Headmistress : Miss L. E. Lea, B. A. 

76 G 


Founded in 1884 by Rev. J. Dunn of the Church 
Missionary Society. Affiliated with Nippon Seiko 
Kai (The Protestant Episcopal Church in Japan) 

Chairman of Board of Trustees : The Most 
Rev. Hinsuke Michael Yashiro, D. D. 



(Economics, Commerce) 


Address : Shuwa-cho, Abeno-ku, Osaka, Japan 

76 H 


College of Liberal Arts 

Divisions of the Humanities, Social Sciences, 

Natural Sciences, Languages, Education 
Graduate School of Education 

Courses in Principles of Education 

Courses in Methodology of Education 
Graduate School of Public Administration 

General Public Administration f 

International Public Administration 

Institute of Educational Research and Service 

Social Science Research Institute 

Institute for the Study of Christianity and Culture 

Mitaka, Tokyo Tel. : 0422-3-3131 

Office also in Kyo Bun Kwan Building, 4-chome, Ginza, 

Chuo-ku, Tokyo Tel. (561) 6855 


Senior College : Religious Education 

Kindergarten Teacher Education 
Junior College : Kindergarten Teacher Education 

83 years of service to the Church in Japan 
President : Miss Michiko Yamakawa 

/ - 




TEL. No. 5-0724 



(Tokyo Shingoku Daigaku) 

707 Mure, Mitaka, Tokyo 

Phone Musashino (0422) 3-2594 

Prof. Y. HERMAN SACON, Registrar 

Established in 1943 by the UNITED CHURCH 
OF CHRIST IN JAPAN to prepare men and 
women for city, rural, and overseas ministry. 

A four-year Liberal Arts College majoring in 
theology with a two-year graduate theology 
course for B. D. ; also courses leading to the 
doctor s degree, fully accredited by the Ministry 
of Education. 

520 graduates in active service today as ministers or teachers 


920, Nikaido, Kamakura-shi, 
Kanagawa Pref, Japan 

An Institute under The South Tokyo Diocese 

(The Episcopal Church) 


8, 2-chome, Tamagawa Naka- 

machi, Setagaya-ku, 

Tokyo, Japan. 

founded in 1912 with the gifts 

of the Pan- Anglican 

Congress of 1908. 

The successor to three previous 
Seminaries, founded by C.M.S., S. 
P.G. and the lipiscopal Church of 
U.S.A. the College provides a 3- 
Post-graduate training for 
onlin.inds of the Nippon Sci Ko 

Tel. 701 0575 


Cltuinniin of Director: 

Rt.kev. M.H.Yasjiiro, D I 
: Chancellor: Mr. Francis T. Mitsui | 
j Principal: Takeo Kurisawa 

76 J 


A Christian School for Girls 

Founded in 1885 


Junior High School 

Senior High School (Including special Music Course) 

Junior College (English Dept. & Home Economics Dept.) 

Address: 35 Kami Osa 

Fukuoka, Japan 
Tel. (58) 1492~5 
Bunroku Arakawa 

Chairman, Board of Trustees 
Yae Kakizono Yoshikuni Hiraiwa 

Chancellor President 


(St. Margaret s) 

Primary School 

Junior High School 

Senior High School 
Advanced Course 

123, 3-chome, Kugaya- 

Tel.: (398) 51014 

The institutions, founded by the 
Foreign Missions of the American 
Episcopal Church in 1877, have 
since served the important women 
education on Christian principles 
for eighty-seven years. About 1,900 
pupils here are enjoying the 
ideal school life on the spacious 
campus of 16,000 tsubo. 


Lutheran School for Girls 

300 Murozono, Shimizu-machi, Kumamofo 
Tel. (4) 2830, 0059 


Principal : Rev. Kiyoshi Hirai 



Osaka, Japan 

Junior High School Senior High School 
Junior College (English Department) 
Principal Bp. Toshio Koike 
Dean Eleanor M. Foss 

Founded by the C. M. S. in memory of 

Bishop Arthur Poole in 1879 

741 Jr.j 7005-7006 



Korasumaru Nishi Iru, Shimotachiuri Dori 
Kamikyo-ku, Kyoto 


106 6-chome, Honmachi. 
Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan 

^Principal: Rev. John Matsutaro Okajima, 

Junior College : Home Economics, 
English Literature, Kindergarten 
Teachers Training and Theology 

Established in 1878 by the Rev.i 
| Paul Sawayama with the co-opera- j 
ition of two Congregational Churches ( 
las the first Christian high school for, 
girls in Osaka area. 

Now it has 3600 students, includ- 1 
|ing a kindergarten, both a junior &| 
la senior high school, a junior, 
college with Home-Economics De-i 

jSenior High School Junior High School , COl 

partment ! and a 4-year college with 


In 1 875 founded by Rt. Rev. Channing M. J 
Williams, US Protestant Episcopal Bishop : 
and the first Protestant missionary to i 
Japan, and since then in close connec 
tion with the US Protestant Episcopal ; 
Church and her organizations. 

j English/ American Literature and| 
(Japanese Departments. 

The United Church Board forj 
! World Ministries has sent missio- 1 
|naries to the school, among whom 1 
i are Miss Marliss Camp and Miss, 
i Audrey Gilg. Other missionaries \ 
also help the school. 
JThe president is Mr. JutaroTamiaki. j 

76 L 


8 Kitanagasa-dori 4-chome, Ikuta-ku, Kobe 

Tel : 3-2961, 2949 
Bible, English, Typewriting, and Shorthand 


(St. Hilda s School for Girls) 
Junior High School 
Senior High School 
Special English Course 
Post-graduate Course 
1046, 7-chome, Hiratsuka, 

Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, Japan 

(782) 0227 

Morse T. Saito 

Board of Trustees 

Bunroku Takeda 


Anglican Mission School founded by Bibhop ! 
Bickersteth in li SS. On the staff there are* 
always several English teachers sent by] 
the S. P. G. in England. To keep the num-j 
ber small is a special feature. Whole 
school attend morning and evening pray-! 
ers in the hall. 


Offers training in : 

Study of the Word 
Teaching methods 
Organ and choir 

Woman s Union 
Missionary Society 

221 Yamate-cho, Naka-ku 


lini/IIOn Oil/ II Til 

HllKUStl uAKUtN 

Minami 5 jo Nishi 17-chome. 

Sapporo Shi. Hokkaido Tel: 244887 
Fiji Arima: Chairman of Board of Trustees 
Masao Tokito: President 

., r , .. , r u Ooyachi 828, Shiroishi-machi, 

Four Year Coeducational College : snpnoro-shi 

English Literature Course Social Walfare Course 
Women Junior College : Minami 5-jo, Nishi 17-chome, Sapporo-Shi 
English Literature Course Social Welfare Course 

_ , _ . . r L i Minami 5-jo, Nishi 17-chome, 

Kindergarten Teacher Training School : s.ipporo Shi 

Boys Sen/or High School : Kotonicho. 8-ken. Sapporo-Shi 

t- u L c L i Minami 5 jo Nishi 17-chome, 

Girls Junior-Senior niph School : s-pporo shi 


Principal : Tsuchi Yamamoto 





For further information, call 

up or write to : 

10, No. 22, Ichiban-cho, 

Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 


(262) 1187, 1188 
(262) 1189, 1180 




Day School for Cirte 

100 - 3 chome, Okusawa-machi, *> 
Tamagawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo % 
Tel. 701-4321, 7793 


DEAF CHILDREN 2-years old can be admitted 



2-457 Kami-kitazawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 3210540 3289541 322-0256 

A Christian school for the Deaf, founded by the parent s 
of Ambassador Peischauer of the United States, and 
Miss Lois F. Kramer of the EUB church. 

Pre-School the only facility in Japan 

Elementary on the same Level as hearing children of their age 

Junior High ready for hearing High School 

Senior High -thorough-going vocational guidance included 

Rev. Michio Kozaki, Chairman Board of Trustees 
Oosima Isao, Principal 


Founded in 1886 
Founder Miss N. B. Gaines 
Mr. Teikichi Sunamoto 

j President Miss Hamako Hirose 
ICollege: English Literature 
1 Junior College: Domestic Science 
S Kindergarten 

720 Ushito-cho, Hiroshima-Shi 
Tel. (2) 1667, 2096-7 

i High Schools : Senior and Junior 
! 46 Kaminagarekawa-cho, Hiroshima-Shi 
Tel. (2) 1719IS) 0355(J) 









200 2-chome Shinonome-cho, 
Higashi-ku, Osaka, 

TEL. (7G1) 4113~5 



Founded by MICHI KAWAI 
President : JIRO SHIA/.IZU 

JUNIOR COLLEGE English Department 

Horticulture Department 

Senior High School Junior High School 

Separate Dormitories for High School and Jjnicr College 

For further information, write to 

1090 Funabashi-machi, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. (328) 0183, (328) 0184, (328) 0185 


Shoin Junior College 
Shoin High School ) 

Shoin Middle School ) 

Chairman Board of 
Trustees & Director : 

Hinsuko Yashiro 
President : Kazuo Ota 
Principal : Akio Yasui 

Aotani-cho 3-chome, Nada-ku, I 


Tel: (86) 1105 6 

(22) 5980 (Junior College) \ 


Mr. Todashi Kaneko 

Chairman of the Board of Directors; 

Principal of : 

Yokohama Gakuin Kindergarten 
Yokohama Girls Junior High School 
Yokohama Girls Senior High School 

For further information, 
please write to : 

203, Yamatecho, Naka-ku, Yokohama 
Tel. (64) 3284 5 3825 

76 P 


Nakazato-cho, Kita-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. (821) 0522, (828) 2277 



The United Church of Christ in Japan 
Disciples of Christ in the United States and Canada 
(Margaret K. Long Girls School) 

Enrollment 1300 
Senior High School 
Junior High School 
Primary School 


A Chrittian School for Boys 

Enrollment 1000 
Senior High School 
Junior High School 

Nobundo Oda, Principal 

Jiro Unno, Principal 

Kiyoshi Ishikawa, Chairman of Board of Trustees 

jpviiii ii^niiin <Mriini,.Mv 

, 8 I! I \v 

(; A 

523 Kugi, Zushi City 
Tel: Zushi (04693) 2670; 

President : Ko Muto 

Primary School 
Junior High School 
Senior High School 




10 Kotobuki Takaha Nada-ku, Kobe 
TEL: 85-1044 

Rev. Y. Hyakumoto, Principal 

Small Classes 
Year-round Courses 


(morning, Afternoon) 

Fall Term: Sept. 17-Dec. 15 

Winter Term : Jan. 7-April 2 

Spring Term: April 12-July 6 

Summer Course : July 7-Aug. 31 

76 Q 


(Doremus Memorial School) 

Founded in 1871 by The Woman s Union Missionary 
Society of America 

Girl s Junior High School 
Girl s Senior High School 

Principal : Mr. KATSUYO JIMBO 

Address: 212 Bluff, Naka-ku, Yokohama 
Telephone: (64) 3785^7 


Principal : Mr. Hisato Niwa 


MORNING MON. FRI. 9:0012:00 

AFTERNOON MON. FRI. 1 : 30 3 : 30 




Yokohama Y. M. C. A. 

Tokiwa-cho, Naka-Ku, Yokohama Tel. (68) 9758-4263 


um^lmii Child Welfare Institution, Authorized by Child Welfare Law 


AA/ Operated by Christian Children s Fund (C. C. F.) of Japan 
21, 2-chome, Tamagawa-Nakamachi, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Chairman of Board : Rev. Yoriichi Manabe General Director Mr.Seiji Giga 

Bott Memorial Hume 

Clarke College 

Child Welfare Institute 

Director : 



Mr. Yotihiharu Otani 

Kev. Takeo Nakajima 

Named after Dr. J. C. 

Rev. Takeo Nakajima 

40 Children in 5 homes 

Clarke, C. C. F. founder 

under home-like cottage 

and international director. 

The Institute carries out 

system, trying to be a 
demonstration children s 

Government-authorized 2- 

in - service - training for 

home for orphaned. 

year professional course 

workers of 60 CCF affili 

dependent and neglected 

started in April 1960. 
Protestant home-mothers 
will lx; trained for resi- 

ated children s homes and 
a child welfare library. 

U;*d as a field -work 
placement for Clarke Col 
lege students. The staffs 

dental care of children, 
unique project in Japan. 
25 applicants, ask for 

A child guidance clinic 
with day nurse will be 
opened in near future. 

arc :.ll Christians. 

further information. 

Paauc: Tokyo (701) 3676 


Phone : Tokyo (701) 3616 

Phone: Tokyo (701) 3616 




Christian School Education Y10 
(Tabloid 4 pp Monthly) 

Christian Education in Japan 

at the Present Y 1,000 

(8vo 500 pp) 

Headquarters : 

KYO BUN KWAN Building 

2, 4-chome, Ginza, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 

TEl: (561) 7643 

~ NCC;Church|Education Dept.,< 

Denaminatlons Affiliated 

The Kyodan 
Episcopal Church 
Evangelical Lutheran 


S. Baptist Church 
Am. Baptist Church 
Salvation Army 
Nazarene Church 
Free Methodist Church 
Korean Church in Japan 


I Nippon Christ Church 

Nippon lesu Kirist Church 

T32fi~Tokvo School of lite Japanese Language 

76 S 

The Tokyo School of the Japanese Language 

38 Nampeidoi-machi, Shibuya Ku, Tokyo 
(Avenue "F", next to Gas Company s Business Office) 

Phones: Shibuya (461) 481 2 and 7260 

Naoe Naganuma, Director 

Regular, Special, Correspondence, and Evening Courses 

for elementary, intermediate, and advanced students 

during Fall, Winter, and Spring Quarters 

Operating under the Auspices of 
The Institute for Research in Linguistic Culture 

Summer Schools 

at Karuizawa, Lake Nojiri, and Tokyo 

76 T 



Founded in 1929 


The Department of Literature 

The Faculty of English and American 

The Faculty of Womens General Education 

( The Department of Agriculture 

( The Faculty of Agriculture 

( The Faculty of Agricultual Chemistry 

( The Department of Technology 

( The Faculty of Mechanical Engineering 

( I he P acuity of Electronics 

( The Faculty of Industrial 

( Administration 

( Correspondence Education 
( ( The Senior High School 
( The Junior High School 
The Elementary School 
( The Kindergarten 

( Machida City, Tokyo, Japan 
( Tel. (0427-32) 8013 


medium of mass communication. Whereas only 10% 
of the households had Television Sets in 1958, the 
figure in 1963 was 90% with the result that town 
and country alike share in common influences. With 
more than 60% of households with washing machines, 
over 50% with electrical rice cookers (a luxury un 
known six years ago) and electrical refrigerators in 
one house in three, as opposed to one in thirty six 
years ago, it is evident that modern conveniences are 
no longer limited to the city. Whilst one may say 
that the town consciousness is now almost 100%, 
it is also true that there has been a tremendous drift 
from the country to the towns, largely made possible, 
as Dr. Takenaka points out, by mechanization in the 
country, coupled with a fast-expanding industrialization 
in the towns. Whereas, in 1950, it was reckoned 
that 37.5% of the population lived in towns over 
against 62.5% in rural communities, in 1963 the 
statistics gave 72.5% to the towns and only 27.5% 
of the population to the rural units. Accordingly, 
the Church is, if anything, better placed for its 
evangelistic task than it was before with its church 
buildings, educational and social insititutions largely 

2. Juvenile Delinquency 

With a newly developing affluent society, based 
upon a constantly expanding economy, Japan is con 
fronting new problems, and not the least in significance 
is that of juvenile delinquency. Today s adolescents 
find themselves launched into a society, where spend 
ing is the order of the day, and where advertising s 
new power can prove a strong stimulant to self-gratifi 
cation. Where life is more easygoing, the child often 

78 1963 IN REVIEW 

experiences over-protection, and criminal action be 
comes the release either from ennui or from the sudden 
(and unaccustomed) experience of a frustrated desire. 
More fundamental, however, is the continuing break 
down of the old family system, in accordance with 
which society was formerly ordered. 

Old patterns of discipline, based upon a firm parent- 
child relationship, no longer obtain, and there is no 
alternative ethical basis for conduct. Whilst there 
has been some attempt to introduce ethics into the 
school curriculum, there is still no common mind as 
to the content or the form that such instruction is to 
take. Whatever the cause of the indecision and a 
suspicion of government directives is undoubtedly in 
volved the result is that a vacuum situation still exists. 

The fact that more than half the juvenile offences 
occur within a gang context is a pointer to the new 
corporate groupings that have emerged in Japan s 
modern cities. 

3. The Status of Women 

The present status of women is a further example 
of the breakdown of the old family system. Prime 
Minister Ikeda has created two women ministers the 
first since parliamentary government was introduced 
into Japan in the Meiij Period. The new constitution 
emphasized legal equality between the sexes, which 
meant that women could be regarded as individuals 
rather than family dependents. Today more than 40% 
of the total labor force is female, and, whilst the 
average wage has been below 50% of the male 

?rage, there are evidences of a change in this re- 

For example, the casual labor of married 

women, whilst still rewarded at a much lower rate 


than regular labor, calls for three times the remunera 
tion it did two years ago. Women in administrative 
work have increased more than three-fold in the past 
15 years, and, whilst they are little more than 3% 
of the total, yet the number is on the increase. It is 
significant that more than one-third in the professional 
fields are women. 

The falling birth- -rate*, due to wider use of con 
traceptives in conjunction with a continued high abor 
tion rate**, has enabled married women to engage 
in wider activities, and has encouraged their participa 
tion in social and religious work. A woman driver 
of a private car or a small truck in the traffic-thronged 
roads would not invite a second glance. 

4. Religion and Society 

With changes in society, the pattern of Japanese 
religious life is also changing. < Family religion does 
not have the same pull that it had heretofore, and 
polls reveal that barely one in four (if that) have 
close links with a religious organization. Affiliation 
to the sect or the religion may still be reckoned on 
the basis of the family but such a reckoning will 
soon lead to faulty statistics, as adherence is now far 
more individualistic. The new group unit comes into 
being through the adherence of the individuals ; in 

* Whereas, in pre-war Japan, the average was 5.2 children per 
family, the average is now 2.9, whilst amongst the salaried class 
the average is little more than 2. 

* Apart from occasional statements from the Christian Home 
Committee of the National Christian Council and the Roman 
Catholics, the problem of abortion has not been adequately con 
sidered as a moral problem within the churches, and legal abor 
tions take place as frequently in church-related hospitals as else 



association they form a new corpus. Whereas older 
associations followed the oyako relationship with 
control firmly invested in the Hombu (the Head- 
quarters), which was almost like the parent of the 
organization, the newly developed religions or sects, 
whilst exercising control from the center, yet permit 
more easily the growth of collateral departments, 
whose very inter-dependence creates in turn the 
whole . 

5. The Church and Society 

Dr. Takenaka s article is largely concerned with 
the Kyodan, but what he writes is true (in the main) 
of the entire Church in Japan.* If anything, the 
Kyodan has been ahead of other Protestant churches 
in its consciousness of mission towards society and 
the problem of inner-church communication is not 
limited to the Kyodan ! The best thinking of any 
church is usually far ahead of the rank and file, and, 
unless such thinking penetrates to the grass roots, 
the Church as a whole can hardly be said to be com 
mitted to its mission towards society. 

As we have seen, the Japan of 1964 is far more 
industrialized in many ways than western Europe, and 
the Church needs to be far more imaginative in its 
task, not dragging on behind, but, as Dr. Takenaka 
would say, leading the way in the proclamation of 
the Gospel of the re-creating power of God. Nor 
must it be forgotten that, despite the strong religious 

* What Dr. Takenaka says of the falling-away from the Kyodan 
in the post-Occupation years was true of all the denominations. 
In almost every case the immediate post-war years were spent in 
the building of churches rather than in the building of the Church! 
It is as the Church is built up and strengthened that it can respond 
to the call to mission. 


movements emerging on the complex religious map 
of Japan, so ably sketched by Dr. Woodard, Japanese 
society embraces a fundamentally irreligious attitude 
as well, and that the Church is to speak not only to 
a variety of faiths, but also to a completely secularized 


Editor: Norman Nuding 



Chuzo Yamada 

This will be a year long remembered in the history 
of the Japan National Christian Council. For the first 
time since its organization the elected Chairman of 
the NCCJ came from a group other than the United 
Church. Dr. Chitose Kishi of the Japan Evangelical 
Lutheran Church assumed the Chairmanship and be 
came the spearhead of a strong Executive Committee 
assisted by Dr. Isamu Omura (Moderator of the 
United Church) Vice-Chairman, and the Right Rev. 
Hinsuke Yashiro (Presiding Bishop of the Anglican, 
Episcopal Church in Japan) Vice Chairman. Together 
they have undertaken "joint action for mission" in 
Japan. In reviewing the past year this is the under- 
girding factor of any accomplishments in the NCCJ. 
If Ecumenicity is to be seriously considered in Japan 
it must be a live issue between the already existing 
churches within Japan. We need to take a long look 
at the facts of our present situation in this regard. 
Before World War II the then existing 36 denomina 
tions were forced into one united church. Even if 
we look at the whole world situation there is nothing 
to parallel that uniformity. However this was not 
real " unity ". At the end of World War II, because 
there was no real integration, those former groups 

NCC 83 

which took a strong confessional stand withdrew from 
this uniformity (for instance, Anglican, Lutheran, 
Baptist, Salvation Army, Narazene, Holiness etc.). 
However a resurgence of oneness came back to Japan 
from the western churches, and the necessity for an 
NCCJ was made manifest. There were banded into 
this organization not only churches but also many 
other Christian related bodies. Therefore the nature 
of this organization is somewhat different from a 
council of Churches. Just what the ultimate purpose 
of the NCCJ may become has not yet been clearly 
drawn out. The NCCJ is at the present time view 
ing the Japanese Christian scene with a wide per 
spective, trying to help where it can by bringing 
about a fuller realization of ecumenicity. However, 
at the present time we are not moving in a direction 
toward union or uniformity. 

If Christians in Japan are to take Ecumenicity 
seriously, they must learn to establish communication 
with their Asian Christian brothers. The church in 
Japan has had strong ties with the church in America. 
Thus far it has not had much relationship with the 
rest of the churches in Asia. The ecumenical view 
point of the church in Japan has been deepened since 
its envolvement with other Asian churches in the 
East Asian Christian Conference. There are churches 
in Asia which have a longer history and are stronger 
than the church in Japan. However, those churches 
have lived in an atmosphere of colonialism and have 
quite a different background than the church in Japan. 
Even though the Japan Church is small and weak it 
has a distinct contribution to make. For instance it 
might be able to share its theological resources with 
the rest of Asia, or perhaps some of the laymen of 
church which are qualified technically or professionally, 


may have a contribution to make in the rest of Asia. 

During the past year there has been a decided in 
crease in interchange with other churches in Asia. 
Three significant meetings have been convened by the 
East Asia Christian Conference. 

1 . Situation Conferences under the auspices of the 
EACC were held in Madras, Singapore and at "Amagi 
Sanso", a retreat center on the Izu Peninsula of 
Japan. These Situation Conferences were held because 
"it was increasingly evident that the time had fully 
come for churches and their related mission agencies in 
a given geographical area to come together and face 
together, as God s people in that place, their total 
mission and to seek the guidance of the Holy Spirit 
in fulfilling it". Representatives from the churches 
in Korea, Okinawa, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Japan 
gathered at the Japan Conference. In addition, there 
were Mission representatives from America and Eu 
rope, and executives from the WCC and the EACC. 
This marks the first time that such a gathering has 
been possible. There have been exchanges on the 
personal level between Christians of various Asian 
nations, but at last it has been made possible for 
representatives of Asian Churches to come together 
in order to seriously examine their mutual problems. 
The delegates were given the privilege of finding one 
another in Christ. For those who attended it was a 
time of joy and thankfulness to God. 

The focus of attention was placed upon the contrast 
of the existing approaches, structures and work, and 
those which conceivably ought to be pursued in the 
future. The Conference felt that many times the 
church is committed to established work and has few 
resources remaining for new tasks. In the past there 
has been the tendency to look upon Ecumenicity as 


a world-wide gathering of Christian leaders. But now 
it became clear that it is a movement which affects 
the various institutions of the church and the arms 
of the church which reach out in service. They too 
must become ecumenically envoi ved. 

2. Out of the Situation Conferences there developed 
the need to pursue in some detail the problem of 
Inter-Church Aid. In October of 1963 six Japanese 
churchmen, related to this problem in Japan, traveled 
to Hong Kong for a Consultation. It was an epoch 
making meeting. 

A new concept developed out of the conversations 
of this meeting. "Joint action for mission" had 
previously been talked about. The consultation brought 
about the realization of the need for "joint action 
in service". As the delegates discussed the detailed 
activities of Inter-Church Aid, they became more 
acutely conscious that they were only beginning to 
scratch the surface in understanding what it means 
to live and work as one people. 

It was asserted at the conference that if "joint ac 
tion in service" is to be a possibility, a growing 
responsibility must be placed upon the shoulders of 
the NCC s. This had its effect upon the structures 
that are presently in effect in Japan. Up until now, 
that area of work has been handled by Japan Church 
World Service, related to the NCCJ. Out of this 
conference has developed the necessity for working 
toward an integration of Church World Service, more 
fully into the life of the NCCJ. 

Another effect which the consultation had upon the 
life of the church in Japan was the awareness that 
we need to think more in terms of a nation-wide 
approach in drawing up a list of acceptable projects. 
These projects will not be for the benefit of the 


church itself, but rather will be carried on as "joint 
action in service". It has been determined that such 
a nation-wide study should be undertaken in the near 

3. The Second General Assembly of the EACC 
was convened in Bangkok, in the later part of February 
1964. This gathering was significant not only for the 
Assembly itself but for the Pre-Assembly meetings 
which were held. There was also an opportunity for 
interchange beetween the various executives of the 
NCC s at the combined NCC staff meeting. 

Perhaps the most significant development that came 
out of this meeting was increased participation of the 
North East Asian nations. Up until now the churches 
of Japan and to some extent Korea have been weak 
in their participation in the EACC. The Korean 
Christian Church in Japan was accepted as a member. 
Dr. Isamu Omura was elected Vice-Chairman of the 
group. In the future Christians of Japan will be ac- 
:ive in the EACC. Together with this new found 
was an increased discovery of what Ecumeni- 
It is not something that happens in Europe 
America but something which is real right here 
Asia. This new found attitude will have its effect 
upon not only the churches in Asia but upon the 

ling churches in America and Europe. 
An institute for layman overseas was held under 
)int sponsorship of the NCCCUSA and the NCCJ 
ish speaking Christians are coming to Japan 
than church related positions. The institute 
nted these layman with the challenge to Chris- 
even while living overseas. Mr. Robin 
ime from America to help guide this institute, 
has been the desire of Christians in Japan 
"ith their Asian brothers who are undergo- 

NCC 87 

ing extreme hardship. An appeal was sent out at the 
time of the earthquake in Bali. Christians in Japan 
responded. Approximately 350,000 was sent for 
the relief of those suffering from the disaster. 

A special offering was received for the hungry 
peoples of Korea. About 295,000 was gathered. 
It had been the original plan to send rice, but Japan 
ese governmental regulations did not allow this, so that 
noodles were sent instead. Through the assistance of 
Japan Church World Service, 8,800 packages of nood 
les were shipped to Korea. 

Another gift was sent to the church in Taiwan 
through the auspices of the Japan Christian Medical 
Association. Approximately 2,040,000 was given 
by the children of Japan, from Church Schools, 
Kindergartens and Nurseries, and Church related 
schools. This gift was sent to the Church in Taiwan 
for use among lepers and for childrens evangelism. 

The NCCJ has had some changes within itself. 
"Kozensha", a group with a very long history, has 
applied for associate membership. This group does 
not hold any institutions itself, but it does the work 
of Christian evangelism among residents of the various 
leper institutions of Japan. During the one year 
absence of the Rev. Newton Thurber, the Rev. 
Norman Nuding has acted as Associate General Secre 
tary. Mr. Hedemi Ito has joined the staff as assistant 
to the General Secretary. Mr. Norbert Klein has 
joined the staff of the Study center of Japanese 
Religions (an NCCJ related body) in Kyoto. 


Hiroshi Kitagawa 

The Japan Evangelical Church Federation has 
now been in existence for fourteen years. It is com 
posed of nine evangelical denominations and has many 
individual members. About one thousand ministers 
and about 40,000 believers are a part of the fellow 

Next to the National Christian Council of Japan it is 
the strongest inter-denominational association in Japan. 
The Federation at its inception joined the Interna 
tional Evangelical Fellowship, and has now sent 
delegates to its conventions four times. 

The Federation has been pleased in the past to 
cooperate with the N.C.C.J. in such evangelical meet 
ings as the " Billy Graham " campaign and the 
14 World Vision " campaign. The objective of the 
group is to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ, true to 
biblical doctrine. 

The group in Japan is known as " The Evangelical 

Church Federation" but internationally it is known 

as the "Evangelical Fellowship of Japan". The 

international Fellowship is loosely connected, but ties 

in Japan are much closer. There are joint winter 

and summer meetings, Church School teacher seminars 

and young peoples meetings. The Federation has 

50,000 copies of a hymn book called 

(Evangelical Songs). This is the only 

which brings income to the Federation to help 

defray its expenses. 

One aspect of the Federation s activity is the " New 

ECF 89 

Century Crusade". This represents an evangelistic 
effort which was started at the time of the Protestant 
Centennial in Japan. During that year, large gather 
ings were held in Tokyo, one of them with seven 
thousand people in attendance. The next year cam 
paigns were held in seven different cities. The 
following year thirty cities were chosen for large 
gatherings. Each year a number of seekers, came 
forth from these meetings. However last year a 
slightly different approach was used. In an effort to 
strengthen the weaker churches, several teams of 
preachers were sent out to travel through smaller 
churches in Japan. For the program this past year 
a special offering was taken. It was decided that 
there would be campaigns to the extent of the funds 
received in the offering. 

We are thankful for the part we have in the 
Christian ministry in Japan, and pray that God will 
help us to do more. 


Masanao Fujita 
Gordon Chapman 

After more than a century of effort the member 
ship of the Protestant Church in Japan constitutes 
: about one half of one percent of the population. 
Though the growth has been steady it has not been 
marked by the rapid increase of adherents which is 
characteristic of several of the New Religions. Indeed 
there are wide areas of Japanese society where the 
begun to take root. If the mission 
Church is to make Him known to all men 
-vine and only Savior, and to persuade them 
s disciples and responsible members of 
"hat is most requisite to secure the 
fulfillment of this aim? 

Indiapenaability of the Work of the Holy Spirit 

Dr. Hendrik Kraemer, after a leisurely visit to 

came , ,he conclusion that the imperative 

the hour ,s the renewal of the Church by 

Since that time more attention has 

.to Prayerful consideration of this need. 

leading minister Jessed, "I now realize 

not organizational reconstruction or new 

but a mighty work of the Holy Snirit that 


It is not without significance that the one period 
of rapid growth of the Church (188389) was the 
direct outcome of a mighty revival, when for the first 
time the expression, "ribaibaru," entered the Japanese 
religious vocabulary. This renewal of the Church 
had its inception in the Union Week of Prayer, 
January 1883, when all churches united in earnest 
prayer for the power of the Holy Spirit to witness 
effectively to unbelievers. As Dr. James Ballagh said 
at the time, " we especially need this enduement with 
the power of the Holy Ghost for the attainment of 
the unity of the Holy Spirit among ourselves .... and 
power to reconcile the world unto God. " Dr. Jo 
Niijima later reported abundant answer to this petition 
and spoke of " perfect unity between the brethren 
who are happily united in the Lord", and of "minis 
ters who have returned to their churches like new men 
who have received fresh light, grace and power from 
on high. * Daily prayer meetings continued in the 
churches, and many whose acceptance of Christianity 
had been only an intellectual acknowledgement of the 
truth, now came to a real sense of sin and received 
Christ as Savior ; with the result that their most 
earnest desire was to further the spiritual welfare of 
others. Churches everywhere were crowded with 
eager listeners and all churches enjoyed large increases 
in membership for several years. This evident rela 
tionship between the unity of the Spirit and fruitful- 
ness is most significant. 

The Japan Keswick Convention 

As was the case with the earlier Japan Convention 
for the Deepening of the Spiritual Life, a similar 
emphasis on the renewal of the Church by the direct 


operation of the Holy Spirit is an essential feature of 
present Japan Keswick Convention. In fact, through 
the years the name "Keswick" has become in 
creasingly a kind of technical term for gatherings 
which stress the deepening of the spiritual life of 
A new impetus has been given to the 
mission of the Church as many have experienced the 
power of the Holy Spirit which is available to every 
believer for holiness of life and effectiveness in wit- 
, and many have gone back to their communities 
transformed, to minister henceforth in newness of life. 
The Japan Keswick Convention is a part of the spirit 
ual fruitage of the Osaka and Tokyo Christian Cru 
sades and the Ministers Seminars, conducted through 
the generous cmperation of World Vision Inc., which 
ght spiritual blessing and fresh evangelistic im 
petus to many ministers, believers and churches 
throughout the land. 

Now in its fourth year of meeting, February 25-28 
ittendance has steadily increased to about 
ters and laymen, which is the capacity of 
wakien Hotel auditorium. The attendants came 
om all pans of Japan, with only four of the 46 
:tures unrepresented. It was truly an ecumenical 
th the people coming from practically all 
ie denominations in Japan. Though World Vision 
t<>ok care of the visiting speaker s expenses, the 
portion of the overhead, including travel ex 
The special "speakers !n- 
Dr. Iob Pierce, president of World Vi 


those who are vitally concerned for the renewal of 
the Church. The next convention will be held at the 
Hakone Kowakien, February 23 26, 1965. 

Many have testified of the spiritual quickening 
which has come to the churches as ministers and 
believers have experienced heart cleansing and the 
filling of the Holy Spirit. A Hokkaido pastor speaks 
of the great joy which he has experienced in the 
fulness of the Spirit which he received as he was 
able to pray undisturbed in a peaceful place. " Unlike 
so many conferences, Keswick is not the occasion of 
endless discussion and listening to human theories and 
opinions, but rather the hearing of the Word of God 
and making the personal application in one s life. " 
Another minister who found his heart s desire in the 
filling of the Holy Spirit said "Too many of us 
ministers like to teach dogma but neglect private 
prayer and listening to God s Word with an obedient 
heart. " He suggests that churches include Keswick 
in their budgets so that many believers will be able 
to attend next year. A prominent minister from 
Kyushu, whose faith had grown cold after many 
years of Christian service, came under conviction and 
rededicated himself to the Lord, with consequent 
renewal of spirit. A young layman found himself 
in a room with members of seven different denomi 
nations, engaged in united prayer. He said, "for 
the first time I realized something of what it means 
to be a member of the body of Christ. " An elderly 
lady of eighty four years came all the way from 
Kyushu and received a fresh vision of the possibilities 
of Christian witness. She gave up her plan for sight 
seeing and after purchasing a number of copies of 
Keswick message books and tape recordings returned 
to her home community to share the blessings with 


others. A labor union official who had engaged in 
many bitter strike battles and suffered much, returned 
to his former home church, only to find that he was 
not welcome. When he saw a Keswick Convention 
announcement he decided to attend, " though socially 
and spiritually discouraged. " Afterwards he said, 
" here I was renewed by the Holy Spirit and returned 
to my task with fresh vision and new strength. " A 
minister who suffered persecution during the war, 
with imprisonment and hard labor in the mines, had 
become backslidden and powerless. Reference to 
Peter s denial in one of the addresses brought him 
under conviction and he acknowledged his backslidden 
condition. He testifies, "I was renewed in faith and 
became a new man in Christ, and for the first time 
in many years experienced the stimulus of the Holy 
A college professor while listening to a 
on the Power of God, suddenly realized 
that his Christian witness had failed because it was 
undertaken in his own strength. As he said, " God s 
1 mighty power now filled my empty heart and for 
the first time I understood the secret of my mother s 
I fondly recalled how she liked to 
:s of Barclay Buxton and A. B. Simpson. " 


Imix>rtant among the events which have been the 

ision of the renewal of the churches are the bi- 

vangelistic missions of Dr. E. Stanley Jones 

s eightieth year, this indefatigable mission- 

s paid eight visits to Japan since the war and 

I ^ngelitic mass meetings in many cities 

While these campaigns have been under 

[eneral auspices of the NCCJ, the churches of 


unaffiliated denominations have in many cases lent 
cooperation, and the follow up work has been left to 
the local churches. He has given himself with deep 
devotion to this service which has always been at his 
own expense. 

Most noteworthy for the renewal of the churches 
are the Ashrams or retreats which are conducted in 
seven or eight districts of the land, with each one of 
three or four days duration. Though the emphasis 
is in many respects similar to that of the Keswick 
Convention, the importance of lay effort is stressed, 
with the " prayer cell " as the vital nucleus of Chris 
tian growth and witness. The aim has been to es 
tablish prayer groups in as many churches as possible, 
to pray for the Church, for pastors and for the 
Christian witness of the group, with special emphasis 
on prayer for spiritual quickening of the Church in 
Japan. This prayer fellowship is stimulated and spiri 
tual experiences shared through a monthly paper 
known as the Prayer Companion. Dr. Jones was ac 
companied in his recent itinerary by the Rev. Sten 
Nilsson of Sweden who is the leader of the Ashram 
movement in Europe and a man of wide experience 
in the ministry of group prayer. The perennial em 
phasis of the Ashrams is on personal dedication to 
Christ who is the center of devotional life and gospel 
witness. As many have experienced on these occas- 
ion>, the believer must be emptied of the self life 
and receive the filling of the Holy Spirit in order to 
render faithful obedience to the will of God in Christ. 
Since an Ashram of four years ago a group of about 
fiik-en women representing several churches have been 
meeting in a missionary home for united prayer and 
tin sharing of needs and experiences. This group, 
like many others, has proven to be a channel of 


spiritual renewal which the Spirit has signally used 
to quicken the lay witness of the Church. 


Early morning prayer meetings are being held in 
increasing numbers throughout Japan, especially in 
the metropolitan areas. These are usually followed 
by breakfast in order to accommodate laymen who 
have the work of the day before them. Such meet 
ings for united prayer are largely the result of the 
spiritual stimulus of the Osaka and Tokyo Christian 
Crusades and the International Christian Leadership 
movement, not to mention the increasing interest of 
laymen in the active witness of the gospel. Each 
session includes a Bible reading and meditation by 
the chosen leader of the day, the sharing of experi- 
encs and special prayer needs and voluntary prayer 
as the Spirit leads. These gatherings are proving to 
lie an effective instrument in the evangelization of 
business men and deepening the spiritual life of those 
who meet in this way. The second annual convent 
ion of Prayer Breakfasts was held at Aoyama Gakuin 
University in April 1963. 

Space forbids further details concerning spiritual 

movements in Japan, which under the leadership and 

quickening of the Holy Spirit contribute to the renewal 

of the Church. Since the war, God has graciously 

ordered a widespread sowing of His Word in this 

the third largest distribution in the world. 

with such an extensive sowing of the Word 

s preparing for a great harvest of souls. This 

constitutes the imperative need for the renewal of 

the Church in Japan. 


Norman H. Nuding 

We are not asked many times to take a compre 
hensive look at all of the churches who are working 
in Japan. The author in attempting to compile this 
section of the Japan Christian Yearbook has grown to 
appreciate the difficulty of such a task. The number 
of churches working in Japan is overwhelming. Since 
it would be impossible to give space to an article 
from each individual church, we have requested that 
a representative person give us an insight into the 
work of a family of churches. Consequently this 
section will contain, by and large, articles written 
regarding "groups" of churches. We are aware 
that this approach will inevitably overlook certain 
significant work which is being done in Japan. Even 
as we apologize for those omissions, we are confronted 
by the truly wide breadth which this survey is able 
to encompass. 

In the life of the churches working in Japan this 
has not been a particularly dramatic year. Trends 
which were started some years age continue building 
momentum. Post-war mission groups have almost 
all been responsible for establishing and transferring 
authority to Japanese churches. Churches continue 
the fight to reach out into areas of life where the 
gospel is not known. Organizational structures have 
been strengthened to give a sturdier base for future 
developments. Dialogue between the churches has 
grown from non-audible gestures to a barely audible 
whisper. The churches in Japan have come to value 


more highly the possibility of increased communica 
tion with their brothers in the Christian churches of 
Asia. But the church has been the church. It has 
struggled to meet effectively the problems that each 
new day has brought. The fact of its life is cause 
for thanksgiving to Almighty God. 


George Laug 

The Alliance affiliated Missions arose in nearly all 
instances from spiritual awakenings in other lands, 
ther in Europe or in North America. The Holy 
spoke to and through particular men. Fires 
dndled in the Scandinavian lands through men 
Franson, spreading on into other European nations, 
on Taylor and those who followed him continue 
their impact on Missions originating in Europe, 
ican thrust came through such men as 
Kly and Simpson and it is still reveberating across 
the fields, including Japan. 

This article will not deal with foreign workers but 
ith the Japanese bodies that have arisen from 
worker s efforts and are still to some extent 
Buttressed by their cooperation. 

-lliance Church, sprung from the 
and Missionary Alliance that great world 
born through the vision of Dr. AB 
for "the regions beyond". This work may 
south-western Honshu and western 
arger centers being Hiroshima and 
>uyama, with recent beginnings in Kobe 


The Japan Alliance Church is training its own 
pastors and workers at the Hiroshima Bible School. 
The graduating class of 1964 saw six young men and 
two young ladies sent out into the work. To bolster 
the training program in Japan promising young men 
and pastors are being sent to the United States to 
receive further training. 

A recently dedicated "Christian Country Com 
munity Center", near Matsuyama in Shikoku is 
unique in Alliance work. This provides community 
services such as child training, singing, English classes, 
certain courses in home economics, kindergarten train 
ing, as well as worship and evangelism. This new 
center was dedicated in memory of Pastor Ogata who 
had served many years in Matsuyama. 

In Japan the work spreads its influence and testimony 
through radio and literature. The spirit of the work 
is being re-enforced by a recently inaugurated Spiritual 
Life Conference on the island of Miyajima. 

The Japan Covenant Church owes its origin to the 
inspiration of the Holy Spirit in Scandanavian lands 
during the closing decades of the 19th century. It 
spread to America and other areas, including fields 
like Japan. However, the Japan Covenant work was 
opened in 1949 with the arrival of their first mission 
aries to this country. It is amazing to note how the 
Lord has worked in this very brief period of time. 
Churches have been established in Niigata and in 
Kanagawa Ken, in Odawara, Kofu, Hiratsuka and 

At the Covenant Seminary and Bible School, located 
in Meguro Ku, in Tokyo, a four year course is offered 
for preparation of Covenant pastors and a shorter 
course of two years for lay- workers, including women. 
There is a steady drive toward the upgrading of 


standards in training for Christian service and leader 

The Covenant Church gives thanks to God for the 
opening of a year-round Bible Camp at Akagi in 
Gumma Ken. This is a choice spot and opened for 
first time in November 1963. It is conveniently near 
Covenant work in other cities of that prefecture, 
namely Takasaki and Shibukawa, 

The Nippon Fukuin Jyu Kyokai had its origins 
in Scandanavia through the flame kindled by Frederick 
Franson. This work began in Japan in post-war days 
in the city of Urawa in Saitama Ken. The opening 
wedge was made through the work of a Chaplain by 
the name of Donald Carter who had opened a Bible 
class in that city. As he left, the work was turned 
aver to the Evangelical Free Church whose first mis- 
sionary was Calvin B. Hanson. Later the work spread 
Koyto and even farther into the Kansai to a place 
between Osaka and Kobe. For a time 
training for future workers was carried on in 
)to but this has been discontinued. The Fukuin 
Kyokai pastors are now being trained in other 
such as Japan Christian College and seminaries 
There is however, a very interesting 
School" in Kyoto. This is operated 
school with sessions on Monday evenings 
for three month terms. This is carried on jointly 
with other evangelicals in the city 

Center has been opened in Kawaguchi, 

Ken In addition, grounds have been pur- 

of Lake Bi wa f or a sum P mer 

o 1 Th \ 1 SU T Cr Camp is scheduled 

s church is also carrying on an active 

f ^^ ? n c <*~ion with the 
asting Association. 


The Far Eastern Gospel Crusade has developed a 
national Church known as the Nippon Shinyaku 
Kyodan. The work of this group was opened in 
Japan through the vision of godly chaplains who came 
to Japan with the earliest occupation forces, after 
the close of the Pacific War. The work is, therefore, 
very new but it is filled with hope and vision for a 
solid and spiritual ministry. 

This work centers largely near the Mt. Fuji, Yoko 
hama and Tokyo areas with gospel halls and churches 
in a number of places. Three of the Churches, Ome, 
Higashi-Matsuyama and Yokohama began buildings 
last year which were completed in the spring of 1964. 
The Church in Hachioji and Ome are planning special 
evangelistic efforts in connection with the 1964 autumn 

Though both the national Church and missionaries 
are working side by side, the progress is slow but 
steady, both in numbers and maturity of spiritual 
life. The number of baptisms in 1963 was encourag 
ing. The leadership training program of the Nihon 
Shinyaku Kyodan is tied largely into the Japan Christian 
College. There are now seven in training, three 
young men and four women. 

The Overseas Missionary Fellowship is a direct 
descendant of the China Inland Mission and arose in 
Japan following the expulsion of missionaries from 
China with the coming of Communism into power about 
14 years ago. Missionaries were transferred to Japan 
from China to open work and others have joined 
them from Europe and America. This work is being 
done in northern Honshu and on Hokkaido. Because 
it is one of the newest groups in Japan it is very 
closely related to the missionaries at every point. 
" Fukuin " or Gospel Churches are to be found 

102 rim CHURCH 

in such places as the coal mining areas, in Mikasa" 
and in Akahira. In Mikasa, though there was a loss 
of ahout 30*0 of the members through the closing 
of coal mines the membership has been faithful and 
goes forward with plans for purchasing land and 
having a church building erected by the summer of 
1964. They now fully support their Pastor who was 
working only part-time in the Church. In 
Akabira, a similar situation has come about. On 
rented land the church is striving hard to build its 
own place of worship with hopes of opening the doors 
in late April of this year. 

In Aomori Ken, as of February, 1963 some nine 
ikuin Churches have cooperated, together with 
local missionaries, to sponsor a weekly fifteen minute, 
Ken-wide Gospel Broadcast over Radio Aomori. A 
good percentage of the funds for this has come from 
local believers. 

Beginning in the spring of 1963, some fifteen men 
^hile working during the day have at- 
regular night classes of the Sapporo Bible 
A regular three year Bible training course 
:ted to be developed by the autumn of 1964. 
The Nippon Domei Kirisuto Kyodan experienced 
i decimation of its ranks during the 
,ar penod. Though it began work during the last 
of the nineteenth century there was but a 
ered group of churches when the Domei men took 
re-organize in the autumn of 1948 
> present time the Nippon Domei Kirisuto 
working in cooperation with two Mission 

SweTsh All- Lvan * elical Alli - c - Mission and the 
lance M lsS ion. Both of these had their 
under God through the revival kindled in 
>candmavian lands by Frederick Franson 


During the year, 1963, several more Churches and 
a good number of young pastors were added to the 
ranks. These pastors and churches are to be found 
in several Ken from Aomori to the Kansai, along 
both east and west coasts and down the center of 
the main island, as well as in Shikoku. Added to 
this expansion is the establishment of a loose formal 
relationship between it and a number of independent 
churches of like purpose and doctrine. It is of in 
terest to note that it has been proposed that the title 
of chairman be transferred from the Mission to the 
head of the Domei Kyodan. Thus the official board 
will be made up of missionaries and Japanese pastors, 
with the official head to be Japanese. 

Many young men are being trained at the Japan 
Christian College while others come to pastorates 
from seminaries in Tokyo. A phase of training that 
is envisioned in a growing measure is that of Sunday 
Schools and the encouragement of the Sunday School 
movement among the churches. 

Church planting has been stressed in greater Tokyo 
during the past year. Two new preaching places 
were opened with a regular program and place of 
meeting. Others are anticipated in answer to prayer 
and effort within the calendar year 1964. The very 
challenge of suffering through the serious illness and 
repeated surgery undergone by Pastor M. Matsuda 
has bound this group together in prayer and with 
answered prayer a new sense of rejoicing and assurance 
that He still hears and answers. 

There are other Alliance type groups which are 
working in Japan. The German Alliance Mission 
working on Sado Island, The Norwegian Alliance 
Mission working in Kanagawa prefecture and the 
Liebenzeller Mission coming out of Germany, and 


working in Kanagawa and Ibaragi Prefectures are 
all additions to the number of Alliance affilated groups^ 
Each of these groups has Japanese nationals involved 
in their work. 


/. G. Hayashi & Raymond Hammer 

With an annual growth of little more than 3%, the 
Anglican Episcopal Church in Japan can hardly be 
credited with outstanding energy or highly successful 
evangelistic methods. In a country, however, where 
there is a tremendous movement of population, it 
often takes some hard running to stand still ! There 
is much happening, and the Church has been chal 
lenged by the message of the Pan-Anglican Congress 
at Toronto in August 1963 with its emphasis on 
Mutual Responsibility and Interdependence but the 
full implication of interdependence is far from being 
recognized as yet, although Bishop Goto (of Tokyo 
Diocese) was one of the main platform speakers in 
support of the Congress document. Professor Endo 
(of the Central Theological College) was another 
Japanese to make the platform at Toronto, joining 
the panel which considered the Christian confrontation 
of the world without the Church. The fact that more 
than 30 went from Japan to the Congress made the 
Church in Japan very conscious of its outside links. 
One move towards closer outside links is seen in 
Bishop Goto s present participation in the work of the 
Washington diocese in Washington, D. C. and the 
proposed visit of Bishop Creighton from Washington 


to Tokyo. An International Committee is also spon 
soring the scheme for the construction of a Tokyo 
Cathedral opposite to Tokyo Tower. As a first step 
the new Diocesan Center is under construction, and 
completion is scheduled for June, 1964. 

There is also close Japanese-American co-operation 
in Okinawa. Whilst the Anglican-Episcopal work 
there is under the direction of the Bishop of Honolulu, 
the Okinawan clergy and workers are trained in Japan, 
and, in addition, Japanese priests are aiding in the 
evangelistic, social and pastoral program there. The 
Kiyosato Education Experimental Project (pioneered 
by Dr. Paul Rusch) also looks abroad to America 
and Canada, but has a vigorous Japanese Committee. 
The Experimental Farming School is now in full 
swing, and it is hoped that a new wing will be added 
to the Rural Hospital in the near future. The estab 
lishment of the Youth Camp Center has meant that 
even more groups can be accommodated in the summer, 
and in summer 1963 the Tokyo and Yokohama Dio 
ceses experimented in large summer camps, which 
were attended by wide cross-sections of the church 
population. (In connection with camps, reference 
must be made to the developments at St. Mary s 
Camp by Lake Yamanaka. Amid a very full program 
of camps, one especially valuable feature is the * Lay 
Leadership Camp attended by upwards of 80 people.) 

The Rev. MarkToshio Koike was consecrated Bishop 
of Osaka on April 28th, 1963, and the Bishop sub 
sequently became Principal of Poole Gakuin on the 
death of Mr. Tanaka, its former Principal. His Dio 
cese is making some headway in the problem of 
penetrating the Danchi (large apartment blocks) 
with the Gospel, whilst there is occupational evan 
gelistic work in Amagasuki and Sakai. 


During the year 1963-64 ten have been added to 
the ranks of the clergy (six in the Kobe Diocese, and 
one each in the Hokkaido, Osaka, Kyushu and Tokyo 
Dioceses), whilst six have been promoted to the 
priesthood. There have been four deaths (two in the 
Tokyo Diocese) and one retirement. The inadequacy 
of available pensions in the face of Japan s steeply 
rising standard of living has made it impossible as 
yet to implement the decisions of the General Synod 
in 1962 and the House of Bishops with respect to 
compulsory retirement of priests and bishops at 72 
and 75 years respectively. The local churches have 
been doing their utmost to raise the level of their 
clergy salaries, but the burden involved both here and 
in the construction of new buildings to replace the 
small, inadequate postwar structures has at times 
blunted the outward evangelistic thrust and made it 
impossible for the Church in Japan to take the finan 
cial responsibility for the training of its clergy, that 
some would feel desirable. What funds that do come 
from overseas for clergy funds are now being largely 
devoted to the starting of new work rather than to 
the subsidizing of existing work. 

The fact that control and direction of the Church 
are in Japanese hands is everywhere recognized, but 
two incidents emphasized the move from mission to 
church. One was the return of the Epiphany Sisters 
to England in April 1963 with no immediate prospect 
of a return contingent. By contrast the Nazareth 
Sisterhood, which they were responsible in founding, 
has gone on from strength to strength, and has started 
a branch house in Okinawa. The second was the 
break-up of the old S. P. G. property-holding organi 
zation, and its conversion into the Yokohama Diocesan 
shadan . 


During 1963, new Chapels were dedicated in St. 
Paul s High .School and Primary School, the former 
an interesting modernistic design of Antonin Raymond s, 
whilst Christ Church, and Hachioji Churches were 
restored and dedicated. 1964 has seen the opening of 
new churches in Fujisawa, Kofu and Naoetsu. In 
Kyoto, St. John s Church on a down-town site was 
pulled down, and, apart from the church and kinder 
garten, a large ten -story apartment building is in 
construction together with a Supermarket on the first 

The Seamen s Mission in Kobe completed its build 
ing in November 1963, the foundation stone having 
been laid by the Archbishop of York during his visit 
in June. April 1963 also saw the opening of a new 
Boys High School in Kobe, named Yashiro Gakuin 
after Bishop Yashiro. The Bishop of Kobe also has 
a scheme for the training of would-be emigrants to 
Brazil. (The link with South America is seen further 
in the dispatch of a group of would-be settlers to 
Brazil from the Elizabeth Sanders Home in Oiso and 
in the establishment of an Institute for Portuguese and 
Spanish Studies at St. Paul s University) 

The Committee on Industrial Evangelism organized 
Study Conferences in August 1963 and April 1964, 
and it has been gratifying to see stronger lay partici 
pation. It is still, however, in its infant stage. 

The Central Committee on Student work also had 
summer and winter meetings for study and strategic 

August 1963 saw a meeting of all engaged in 
nursery school work, whilst educationalists and social 
workers also had their respective group meetings. The 
students of the Central Theological College held a 
summer mission in Tokushima Prefecture on the island 


of Shikoku, whilst branches of the St. Andrew s had 
their customary program of mission and service at the 
parochial level in the summer. 

Students from Virginia mingled with youth from 
Kobe Diocese in a Work Camp engaged on the 
Yashiro Gakuin buildings during July and August 

Anglicans have continued to take a leading part in 
Ecumenical gatherings in Tokyo, Kyoto and Kobe, 
and have initiated a Group in Nagoya. Roman 
Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant speakers have been 
welcomed at the Central Theological College. It is 
widely felt, however, that, as yet, there is little ade 
quate church-with-church dialogue and discussion. So 
much of the participation in Faith and Order Study 
r in the Ecumenical Discussion Groups is on an in 
dividual basis, and the problem of securing full church 
commitment remains. 

The Publications Board. The Anglican Episcopal 
ch is anxious that what contribution Anglicanism 
> made and is making to theological thinking and 
should be made more widely available 
entire Church in Japan, and the Publications 
hich was duly set up in May 1963 has ini- 
ranslation program, involving both Anglican 
and also current Anglican theological contri- 
The Church Newspaper is now under the 
board and has been thoroughly revised. A new 
the strong emphasis on news of the world 
wide church and ecumenical relations. 


Noah S. Branncn 

There are Baptist missionaries representing fifteen 
different sending societies cooperating with eight dif 
ferent organizations of Baptist churches and four mis 
sions in Japan. This group constitutes the " family 
of Baptists" in Japan, though there exists no one 
administrative organization for a cooperative evangelis 
tic program. In 1960, however, several conservative 
Baptist groups organized the Baputesuto Kyoryoku-kai 
(Baptist Cooperative Society) which held its third 
annual session from May 9 to May 11, 1963 where 
matters of common interest such as the exchange of 
ministers, theological education, marriage problems, 
and the problem of burial plots for Christians were 
discussed. Two of the Baptist groups, the Japan 
Baptist Convention and the Japan Baptist Union, are 
members of the Baptist World Alliance, and dele 
gates of these groups attended the B.W.A. meeting 
in Rio de Janeiro in 1962, and twenty-seven women 
attended the East Asia Women s Conference of the 
Baptist World Alliance held in the Philippines in the 
Spring of 1963. 

According to the statistics of the Kirisutokyo nenkan 
(1964), the greatest number of Baptist churches are 
affiliated with the Japan Baptist Convention (Baputesuto 
Renmei) , with whom missionaries from the Southern 
Baptist Convention Foreign Mission Board are cooperat 
ing. The next largest body of churches is organized 
under the Japan Baptist Union (Baputesuto Domet) , 
and receives cooperating missionaries from both the 
American Baptist Foreign Mission Societies and the 



preaching places, with 478 ministers and 21,248 

the T963 Annual Convention of the Japan Baptist 
Convention final approval was given to a OT 
tion of the Convention structure to become effective 
n January 1964. Several older leaders rotated off the 
Executive Board of the Convention and were replaced 
by younger, postwar men. The Rev. Yoshikazu Naka- 
jima for twelve years pastor of the Osaka Baptist 
Church, was elected Executive Secretary and Masao 
Kawaguchi, for many years pastor of the Fukuoka 
Baptist Church and more recently of the Okubo Mis 
sion in Shinjuku, was elected Evangelism Secretary. 
From these younger leaders the Convention looks 
forward to an era of vigorous leadership and progres 
sive expansion. 

Much of 1964 was occupied with preparation, execu 
tion and follow-up of the Baptist New Life Movement, 
a large scale evangelistic effort projected in cooperation 
with the Foreign Mission Board of the Southern 
Baptist Convention and the Baptist General Conven 
tion of Texas. More than six hundred evangelists, 
music specialists and laymen assisted in five mass 
campaigns, 140 local church centered meetings, and 
in personal evangelism over a period of six weeks in 
April and May. Some twenty-three thousand decision 
cards were signed variously indicating initial commit 
ment to Christ as their Saviour, a determination to 
seek more positively the truth of the Christian faith, 
or in the case of some only a casual interest in Chris 
tianity. By the end of 1963 the Convention churches 
and preaching points recorded a total of 1,778 in 
baptisms, approximately twice the number recorded 


for the previous year. More are expected to follow 
through to baptism and responsible church member 
ship during 1964. The Convention now has 95 
churches and 117 preaching points with a total mem 
bership of 16,273. 

As a part of the follow-up activities of the New 
Life Movement ten selected pastors of the Convention 
has been invited to visit the churches in the United 
States for three months in the summer of 1964. 
These men will go in groups of three or four and 
will be expected to observe evangelistic and educati 
onal planning and projection in all types of Baptist 
churches. Upon their return an effort will be made 
to utilize their observations and impressions in the 
churches of Japan. 

In the fall of 1963 a preparatory conference was 
held in Hong Kong with representatives from most 
of the countries of the Orient looking toward a Church 
School enlargement campaign in 1966 in each of the 
countries. The Japan Baptist Convention will partici 
pate actively during the next two years in concerted 
efforts to conserve the harvest from the New Life 

In the spring of 1963 women representatives from 
the Japan Baptist Convention participated in an Asia 
Baptist Women s Conference in Manila. The Con 
ference was sponsored by the Women s Division of 
the Baptist World Alliance. 

The Japan Baptist Convention has issued an invita 
tion to the Baptist World Alliance to hold its World 
Congress in Tokyo in 1970. This Congress meets 
every five years. 

The Japan Baptist Union held its sixth annual 
convention in 1963, and voted to adopt a plan for a 
second " Five- Year Evangelism " thrust. This second 


phase of the evangelism program of the Japan Baptist 
Union would have a threefold emphasis : study, strength 
ening of established churches, and pioneer (Urban) 
evangelism. The first five-year plan, which ends with 
the convention in the Spring (1964), succeeeded in 
organizing eight new recognized preaching places and 
the addition of 114 new members. Especially en 
couraging has been the rapid growth of new meeting 
places throughout the associations many of them 
starting from among the membership of a nearby 
Japan Baptist Union Church, some of them directly 
related to the Evangelism Department program, and 
some of them beginning in the homes of members 
who have moved to new locations.. A leader in this 
new outreach has been Kanto Gakuin (related institu 
tion and seminary). Directly or indirectly related to 
this institution there have been formed as many as 
five new meeting places in the last year or so. Gener 
ally these meetings begin in the home of a faculty 
member. Missionaries related to the university have 
had opportunity to participate in getting these con 
gregations started. 

The pattern of growth of congregations in the Japan 

Baptist Union was vividly presented to the delegates 

of the Baptist Consultation on World Mission at Hong 

Kong (December 27, 1963 to January 5, 1964) by 

Rev. Hisakichi Saito, pastor of the Shiogama Greater 

Chairman of the Executive Committee for 

the Japan Baptist Union. As he explained it, his 

idea of evangelism is not - point evangelism," where 

minister may have a few preaching points where 

weekly services, but " line evangelism," 

ch he described as being like the casting of a net 

veep everything up in the total mission of the 

to the community. The Greater Parish of 


this Shiogama Baptist Church now includes A Baptist 
Camp Site (at Rifu) , a Rural Center (Farmer s Gospel 
School), as well as six preaching places. Further 
inroads have been made into the life of the rural 
community by providing a temporary nursery school 
for children of farmers during the busy season, and 
the annual Rural Center Community Fair. 


Kenneth Wilson 

Undoubtedly there were many Chinese in Japan 
prior to 1900 but little is known of any ministry to 
them. We begin, therefore, with the turn of the 
present century when Japan defeated Russia at Port 
Arthur and her prestige skyrocketed. 

In 1904 Chinese students were arriving at 100 a 
month. In 1905 this average had increased to 500. 
By 1906 there were 15,000 in Tokyo and Yokohama. 

Due to the many pressures, moral and otherwise, 
put on them the YMCA turned its attention to these 
homeless, and seeming rootless students. With the 
interest of the whole far-eastern YMCA organization 
aroused by the sudden need of the Chinese students 
in Japan, money and personnel came from all quarters 
(particularly from Hongkong, China and Korea) and 
a YMCA building was erected in Tokyo. It was 
dedicated in 1907 and conducted Bible classes, night 
school and social activities for these students. 

In the meantime the Anglican Mission sent a Chinese 
pastor from Hankow and a Chinese school was started 


in a rented building. Soon missionaries came to assist. 
By 1910 the mission had 4 centers and had taken 
over supervision of the YMCA s work for the Chinese. 
During 1961 the Church Mission Society brought its 
strength to bear some of the burden. In 1919 the 
Chinese YMCA in Tokyo had a total membership 
of 1,019. The great earthquake in 1923 destroyed 
buildings and disrupted the work. There was some 
resurgence and rebuilding and then the Manchurian 
Incident brought such tensions between the Chinese 
community and the Japanese that little more is heard 
of the work in the Kanto area. 

In the Kansai area, however, it was during the 
[916-30 period that a very strong indigenous work 
began under the leadership of a Chinese individual. 
After graduating from Palmore Institute this man 
started a Chinese school and church. By 1921 the 
church had a Christian Endeavor group of over 100. 
In 1926 they reported completion of 10 successful 
years in the school. 

Little was done for the Chinese in either the Kanto 

Kansai areas again until after the last war. Within 

brief time a ministry began in the Student Center 

chanomizu and Yokohama s China Town At 

Umost the same time the need for a Christian ap- 

ich to the Chinese was felt in Kobe. Three people 

spearheading these three projects : Mr. Donald 

unter in Tokyo, Mrs. Bertha Hannestad in Yoko- 

ma and Dr. W. C. McLauchlin in Kobe Out of 

work there has come two churches in Tokyo, 

i Yokohama, three in the triangle cities of Kobe, 

and Kyoto-and a mission of the Kobe church 

stabhshed in 1961 in Nagoya. Beside these there is 

Hock Fellowship and a Taiwan Presbyterian 

m Tokyo and a meeting of believers in the 


home of Chinese Consul James Lee in Nagasaki. A 
group of the Kobe Chinese Presbyterian Church has 
kept alive a worshipping fellowship which meets each 
Sunday afternoon in Kobe s Sun Yat Sen Memorial 
Building. The ministry of these churches is almost 
exclusively in Mandarin. In addition to the Taiwan 
church of Tokyo, the Kobe Chinese Presbyterian 
Church holds morning worship in Mandarin and an 
afternoon service in Taiwanese. Several churches offer 
bilingual Mandarin to Japanese or Mandarin to 
Taiwanese sometimes English to Mandarin sermons. 
There is a need for more preaching in Cantonese in 
Yokohama and Kobe. 

One of the strongest churches in Tokyo was founded 
by members of the Ochanomizu Fellowship. It is 
presently known as The Tokyo Overseas Chinese 
Christian Church and is located in the Azabu area. 
Here, as in the case of most of the churches, there 
is an able and dedicated group of lay leaders and 
self-support and self-direction is in evidence. 

Membership of all the churches is estimated at 350. 
Inquirers would increase this number to 650. The 
number that worships on an average Sunday would 
total nearly 850. 


C. Rodger Talbot 

Side by side with Japanese Churches in Japan 
there are a number of Churches among ethnic groups. 
The Churches among the Korean residents in Japan 


probably form a lar^e fraction of these ethnic type 

Churches. .. 

These Churches which usually center their fellow 
ship on a language other than Japanese are acutely 
congregational in many ways. Their ties with the 
Christian community outside their own group are 
usually rather tenuous. Quite commonly they have 
stronger ties with Christians across the seas than with 
Christian groups across the street. 

Because these Christians are foreigners in Japan, 
their cultural and Church background are quite distinc 
tive. Accordingly their Church life and their witness 
in Japan are interestingly distinctive from Japanese 
Churches. In spite of their atomic nature and wide 
national variety all of these Churches have strikingly 
common characteristics and similar opportunities. 

The Churches and preaching places among the 
Koreans in Japan are about 55 in number. Of these 
approximately five are independent congregations. The 
rest form a united Church called The Korean Christian 
Church in Japan. This Church unites Korean Chris 
tians from various denominational backgrounds, and 
is a member of the Japan N.C.C. The independent 
congregations are those who probably have theological 
or ecclesiastical questions about affiliating with such 
a group as The National Christian Council. 

The Korean Christian Church in Japan is an inde 
pendent and self-governing Church. It has no formal 
relations with the Churches in Korea. The govern 
ment is a presbyterian type. There are four districts 
Kanto, Chubu, Kansai and Seinan with a General 
Assembly which meets annually. 

Statistically it is not a large Church. It has a total 
membership of about 3,500 members, with 1,480 com 
muning members. It has 31 pastors with about 50 


churches and preaching points. 

The total Korean population in Japan is estimated 
at 600,000 persons. 

Although a numerically small group the Korean 
Church here is conscious of the need to work at making 
Christian ties as basic to its life as ethnic ties. Thus 
there is promoted a broad ecumenical concern. Be 
sides participation in the J.N.C.C., there have been 
long and close ties with the Presbyterian Church in 
Canada. The E.A.C.C. has encouraged participation 
in various conferences and consultations. At the recent 
meeting in Bangkok the representatives of The Korean 
Church in Japan pressed for a study of the Christian 
witness of minority groups in South East Asia. 

The Church has benefitted considerably from its 
participation in the World Presbyterian Alliance. The 
present study theme in preparation for the August quad 
rennial assembly, "Come Creator Spirit" has been a 
spiritual help to many. Even before being accepted 
as an associate member of the World Council of 
Churches, many leaders in the Church were grateful 
for the leadership given in areas such as the Laity, 
Studies in Evangelism and Ethnic Group problems. 


Howard Alsdorf 

Sorting out the various Lutheran groups can be a 
very confusing task for non-Lutherans. Even some 
who call themselves Lutherans may experience some 
difficulty, in view of the mergers which have taken 


place in Japan and in the States during the past two 

years. . e 

Lutheran work in the Japan was started in baga, 
in 1893, hy representatives of a group that is now 
part of the Lutheran Church in America. The Evan- 
Kelical Lutheran Church in Japan (JELC) is the 
outgrowth of this seventy-year-old mission endeavor. 
The JELC hrought together the congregations and 
institutions that had been sponsored by three of the 
churches which united to form the Lutheran Church 
in America : the United Lutheran Church, Augustana 
Lutheran Church, and the Suomi Synod. In addition, 
the work of the Lutheran Evangelical Association of 
Finland has been associated with the JELC ever since 
1940. In post-war years, the JELC has signed work 
ing agreements with the Danish Mission Society and 
the North German Mission. In May, 1963, this 
JELC was merged with the Tokai Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, which was the post-war development of 
the Evangelical Lutheran Church (now part of the 
American Lutheran Church). The new Japanese 
church, which retains the name JELC, has been 
occupied during the succeding months in making the 
many adjustments necessary in policies and practices 
to enable the church to reach its goal of organic union. 
Thus, the present JELC represents the fruits of the 
combined labors of the missionaries of the Lutheran 
Church in America, the American Lutheran Church, 
the Lutheran Evangelical Association of Finland, the 
Danish Mission Society, and the North German Miss 
ion, as well as their many Japanese co-workers. 

In addition to its seminary in Tokyo, the JELC is 
related to two junior-senior high schools in Kumamoto 
(Kyushu Gakuin and Kyushu Jogakuin) and the Tokai 
Lutheran Bible School in Shizuoka. It operates two 


student centers in Tokyo, as well as one in Kyoto. 
Also affiliated with the church are a number of social 
service institutions in Kumamoto, Arao, Beppu, Osaka, 
Chiba, and Tokyo. Five church camps at Mt. Aso, 
Hiroshima, Kansai, Shizuoka, and Hakone provide 
retreat facilities for various church organizations and 
student groups. 

As a part of the preparations for the consummation 
of the organic union of the newly-merged church, a 
Japan Evangelism Consultation was convened at Oiso, 
in January, 1964, with representatives of the JELC 
and all its supporting groups participating in the 
discussions. The one tangible result of this meeting 
was the proposal to set up the Japan Lutheran Com 
mittee for Cooperative Mission, which is to be com 
posed of the representatives of the overseas groups 
and to meet annually in Japan for the express purpose 
of allocating requests for funds and personnel from 
overseas. It is hoped that, within a fairly short time, 
this committee will become the single channel through 
which all subsidies for the church and its institutions 
will come from overseas. 

The JELC, as well as its related missionary organ 
izations, is one of the groups supporting the Lutheran 
Literature Society (Seibunsha) . The Society is backed 
by all the Lutheran groups currently working in Japan. 
Similarly, all Lutheran groups cooperate in the follow- 
up on the Lutheran Hour broadcast. Originally, this 
broadcast was sponsored wholly by the Lutheran 
Laymen s League of the Lutheran Church-Missouri 
Synod. While Missouri still produces the program 
and pays for a large share of the broadcast time, 
many of the other groups pay for the broadcast time 
in their respective areas. It is no exaggeration to say 
that the Japan Lutheran Hour, as the oldest and most 


widely aired (107 stations) Christian program in Japan, 
hasbeen of tremendous value to the whole Christian 
community during its thirteen years on the air. In 
June, 1963, the Lutheran Hour Center received its 
one millionth letter from its listeners, and later that 
same year graduated the 40,000th student from its 
correspondence course on the basic doctrines of Christi 
anity The fourteen regional Lutheran Hour centers 
attempt to channel listeners into the local congre 
gations, whether the latter are Lutheran or not. 
3 Regrettably, plans to inagurate a Christian television 
program in 1963 had to be postponed. It is still 
hoped that a television series can be undertaken, 
perhaps by late 1964. In order to reach a wider 
radio audience, the Lutheran Hour staff is presently 
considering the addition of one or more new programs 
directed at audiences which are not attracted to the 
dramatic format now being used. 

The Japan Lutheran Kyodan, which has been the 
motive force behind the Lutheran Hour broadcast, 
is the 15-year-old mission of the Lutheran Church- 
Missouri Synod. Its evangelistic activities are centered 
in four areas : Kanto, Fukushima, Niigata, and Hok 
kaido. In addition, an affiliated mission in Okinawa, 
inaugurated in 1958 and served by two resident mis 
sionaries, has just been strengthened by the addition 
of a Japanese pastor in early 1964. The congregations 
in Okinawa show the most rapid rate of growth, but 
the work there is hampered by the lack of adequate 

The Lutheran Kyodan conducts two Youth Centers : 
one in Tokyo, and one in Sapporo. The Sapporo 
program has received considerable impetus from the 
arrival of a trained youth specialist the first step in 
a projected exchange program which is also to take 


a Japanese youth worker to America. In Tokyo, the 
youth center work is co-ordinated with the outreach 
of the Tokyo Lutheran Center English School which 
regularly enrolls more than 800 paying students. 

This church also concerns itself with Christian 
education. In addition to kindergartens on the con 
gregational level, the mission operates a junior-senior 
high school in Hanno, and an elementary-junior high 
in Urawa. Although this group has yet to embark 
upon a social service program as such, a social wel 
fare consultant has already been appointed to guide 
the church into the most effective ways for showing 
the concern of Christ for all people. 

While currently maintaining its own theological 
training program, negotiations are underway looking 
toward cooperation with the JELC in the establishment 
of a new Lutheran seminary in the vicinity of ICU. 

In 1961, the Norwegian Missionary Society and the 
Lutheran Free Church of Norway cooperated in the 
formation of the Kinki Evangelical Lutheran Church, 
which is located in Hyogo, Nara, Wakayama, and 
Mie prefectures. This church and its two associated 
missions assist other Lutheran groups in the Osaka 
Lutheran Hour Center, and join with the Norwegian 
Lutheran Mission in the support of the Kobe Lutheran 
Bible Institute. The Norwegian Missionary Society 
was responsible for the launching of the Shinko Maru, 
the gospel ship which plies the waters of Osaka Bay, 
calling at many of the numerous fishing villages which 
are all-but-inaccessible in any other way. 70 persons 
can worship in the main hall on the ship, and it once 
accommodated as many as 120 children for a single 
program, At the end of 1963, the Kinki church 
numbered 863 members in 14 churches, served by 9 
Japanese pastors, 8 lay evangelists, and 14 mission- 


aries The goal of financial self-support is being 
strongly emphasized in all Kinki congregations. 

A fourth Lutheran body, the Nishi Nikon Evan 
gelical Lutheran Church, is at work in Hyogo, 
Okayama, Tottori, and Shimane prefectures. Inis 
church is the outgrowth of work begun by the Nor 
wegian Lutheran Mission. This same mission es 
tablished the Kobe Lutheran Bible Institute and the 
Kobe Lutheran Seminary. A rural center is now 
being set un in Hiruzen, northern Okayama prefecture. 
This church has its motto: "Every believer a soul- 
winner", and places strong emphasis on the role of 
the layman in the life of the church. As of December 
31, 1963, the Nishi Nihon Evangelical Lutheran 
Church numbered 750 members, in 9 churches and 
52 preaching places, served by 3 Japanese pastors, 7 
lay evangelists, 8 Bible women, and 16 missionaries. 
The Lutheran Brethren mission, at work in Akita 
and Yamagata prefectures, has six missionaries on 
its roll, and operates the Tohoku Bible School in 
Akita City. The Scandinavian Christian Doyukai, 
with three missionaries, is establishing a farming 
center at Shin Rei San (New Spirit Mountain) near 


Ferdinand Ediger 

The Church of the Brethren, The Religious Society 
of Friends and The Mennonite and Brethren in Christ 
Churches are usually referred to as the Historic Peace 


The Brethren Service Commission, representing the 
Church of the Brethren, first came to Japan in 1956 
with a program centering on International Peace 
Seminars and work camps. Based on the conviction 
that the Christian faith calls men to be peacemakers, 
the seminars draw students from diverse cultures, 
religious traditions, and races to explore together pro 
blems of conflict between nations. Through lectures, 
discussions, meditation and recreation, the seminar 
participants seek to find ways to resolve the tensions 
which divide the human community. The summer 
program generally involves a short work camp ex 
perience as well as a field trip to Hiroshima to meet 
with civic leaders, medical doctors and A-bomb sur 
vivors to discover the long-range results of a conflict 
which was not resolved peacefully. 

In addition to the seminar program, the Brethren 
Service Commission has supported a Japanese social 
worker in Hiroshima and sponsors monthly meetings 
for seminar alumni residing in the Tokyo area. 
Recently two Japanese young people have gone to the 
United States to work as volunteer social workers in 
settlement houses located in areas of need. 

Based on the concept that all men are brethren in 
spirit, the program in the future will continue to be 
one designed to increase international understanding 
and promote reconciliation between man and man. 

The Religious Society of Friends often called 
Quakers like other Christian fellowships, embraces 
a broad range of emphases in the areas of faith and 
practice. Friends are marked by their emphasis on 
the direct religious experience of the individual. 
Authority is not vested in a hierarchy ; major decisions 
are made by the local group, called Monthly Meetings. 
There are 223 members in the Japan Yearly Meeting 


and their meetings are held in Osaka, Tokyo (Toyama 
Heights and Shimoigusa) , Mito City and Shimotsuma 
in Ibaraki Prefecture and a small informal group meets 
at International Christian University. There are no 
pastors but in most cases a clerk presides. 

The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) , 
founded in 1917 as an outgrowth of the Society of 
Friends, is a contemporary expression of Friends 
Through service for the common 
good, the AFSC bears witness to the unity and in 
terdependenceeconomically, socially, morally, and 
spiritually of all mankind. The Japan Unit of the 
AFSC was set up in 1946 to help administer relief 
Esther B. Rhoads, former teacher and 
principal of the Friends Girls School in Tokyo, re 
presented the AFSC in Licensed Agencies for Relief 
sia. The AFSC also helped establish neighbor- 
centers whose administration was taken up by 
the Japan Friends Service Committee in 1954. 

As far as current activities are connected, the Japan 
mes on a number of programs. International 
nars and workcamps, each bringing together ap- 
imately 40 Japanese and foreign participants, are 
summer in various parts of Japan and East 
Diplomat luncheons enable diplomats stationed 
yo to discuss informally and frankly key inter- 
The School Affiliation Service brings 
- and American Schools in contact through 
* of letters, art work, tape recordings, teachers 
Peace problems are studied in a series 
| meetings held each spring and fall in Tokyo. 
Mennonite and Brethren in Christ groups in 
-rk together with four mission groups whose 
sonnel come from Canada and the U. S. A Briefly 
are characterized by their emphases on 


Christian discipleship, Christian service and peace 
making. Geographically, the Mennonite Brethren 
group works in the Osaka area, the Brethren in 
Christ in Yamaguchi Prefecture along the Sanin Line, 
the Hokkaido Fellowship in eastern Hokkaido and 
the Kyushu Fellowship in Miyazaki Prefecture. Three 
of the groups cooperate in literature production, Peace 
emphasis and Tokyo Evangelism. All four of the 
groups are committed to evangelism, establishment of 
churches and nurture. 

The Mennonite Brethren seek to encircle the metro 
polis of Osaka with churches on each of the train 
lines so that contacts from all areas of the city will 
be able to have access to " Bible teaching, believing 
ministry". They have nine organized churches and 
three "preaching places". Six pastors, who have 
graduated from their Osaka Biblical Seminary, and 
some of the missionaries serve as leaders in the 
churches where the membership is now at 428. In 
conjunction with a 10 minute radio program, asa no 
hikari, a monthly evangelistic campaign is held in the 
Central Municipal Hall in Osaka. 

The first missionaries of the Brethren in Christ 
group came to Yamaguchi Prefecture in 1953 and 
today one can find 83 active members in 8 "cells". 
The most distinctive aspect of their work is that of 
trying to have self-supported lay leaders for all the 
cells and sometimes several for each cell if possible. 
As part of that approach they have a weekly formal 
training school which leaders and potential leaders 
attend and from which they go directly to their places 
of work the next morning. 

The Hokkaido Mennonite Fellowship has 10 or 
ganized churches with an active membership of 220. 
Leadership is carried out by 7 pastors, 2 lay leaders 

mi ssionaries who work as a close brotherhood^ 

acteristic emphases. Work began in 

The Kyushu Mennonite Fellowship began work m 
1951 with church planting and discipleship character 
ized by general evangelism, radio evangelism (a weekly 
program), student evangelism (a student center m 
Mivazaki) , and literature evangelism (three bookstores) . 
Five pastors, some with formal training and six mis 
sionaries provide leadership for 280 members m 8 
organized and 14 unorganized fellowships. 

The latter three groups cooperating in Tokyo evan 
gelism have three fellowship groups with missionary 
and lay leadership. One missionary, with a peace 
assignment mandate, promotes seminars, lecture tours, 
international exchange within the framework of the 
churches and holds interdenominational peace seminars 
for pastors in various areas of Japan. The Japan 
Mennonite Literature Association has published books 
regarding Anabaptist history and the biblical peace 


John- Willy Rudolph 

In Acts 2 : 4 the first outpouring of the Holy Spirit 
is recorded. "They were all filled with the Holy 
Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the 
Spirit gave them utterance." Down through church 


history there have been such manifestations of the 
Holy Spirit. At the beginning of this century the 
Holy Spirit fell on small groups of praying Christians 
in various countries in America, the Scandinavian 
countries, Central Europe, India, and China. The 
common experience in each place was the infilling of 
the Holy Spirit with speaking in tongues and other 
manifestations of the Holy Spirit. This revival spread 
to all parts of the world, and became known as the 
Pentecostal Movement, which now embraces more 
than ten million Christians. Pentecost is not a de 
nomination but an experience with the Holy Spirit 
for all Christians. Today we are witnessing this truth 
as believers in many denominations throughout the 
world are receiving the baptism in the Holy Spirit. 

It is believed that Mr. & Mrs. C. P. Juergensen 
who arrived in Tokyo in August 1913 were the first 
Pentecostal missionaries in Japan. Their daughter, 
Miss Marie Juergensen, is still serving here. The 
Juergensens opened their work in Tokyo. Occasional 
outpourings of the Holy Spirit have been witnessed 
since the start of Pentecostal work fifty years ago. In 
1918 and 1923 in Yokohama; in 1930 in Tokyo; a- 
gain at Yokohama in tent meetings in 1937 ; also at 
Yokohama and Osaka in 1937 when more than one 
hundred persons were filled with the Spirit ; in post 
war Japan in early 1948; and since in newly estab 
lished missions and churches the Holy Spirit has 
fallen "as in the beginning" (Acts 11:15) on many 
new converts. Among the leaders in Pentecostal 
churches today are Japanese brethren who were con 
verted and filled with the Holy Spirit during the early 
days of Pentecostal missionary work. The emphasis 
on the Holy Spirit has been accompanied with a 
vigorous evangelism ministry to bring the Gospel to 


the people of Japan. 

From the humble beginnings in 1913, the work has 
grown. Recent statistics show that there are now 
more than two hundred Pentecostal missionaries from 
eleven countries serving together with over four hun 
dred national pastors and workers. Churches and 
outposts number more than 350 with over 5,500 
members. More than 10,000 children are attending 
Sunday Schools and children s meetings. Other 
children are served in nursery schools, kindergartens, 
and orphanages. 

Aggressive evangelism emphasis has characterized 
the Pentecostal work in Japan. Evangelistic meetings 
in tents and public halls, street meetings, jail and 
hospital services, radio programs, a boat ministry in 
the Inland Sea, English classes, churches for the deaf, 
and four book stores are vital parts of Pentecostal 
outreach. One hundred students are taught in eight 
Bible Schools in preparation for Christian service. 

A conference of Pentecostal missionaries is held for 

fellowship and prayer annually in the month of March. 

Other meetings are held locally throughout the year. 

the earnest prayer of Pentecostal missionaries that 

Spirit may be manifested revealing to this 

nation the glory of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. 


Masao Hirata 

The Refonied Church in Japan (Nippon Kirisuto 
^atkakuha Kyokai] was formed by a few former 
members of the Church of Christ in Japan, who 


held to a Reformation-Reformed faith systematized 
by John Calvin. Because of the pressure of the times 
this group was a part of the United Church of Christ 
in Japan, but at the end of the World War II when 
freedom of faith was declared it became an indepen 
dent church. On April 28, 1964, nine ministers and 
three elders became the charter members of this new 
church. It was established in order to build a sound 
Protestant church in Japan where people can hold 
the Confessions of the Reformed faith and realize it s 
Church life and government. 

The church holds to the Westminster Confessions 
of Faith, the Westminster Larger Catechism and the 
Westminster Shorter Catechism as the rule of faith 
and life. 

This church cooperates with the Presbyterian Church 
U.S., the Christian Reformed Church in the U.S.A. 
and the Orthodox Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 
She is a member of the Reformed Ecumenical Synod. 
When it met in Grand Rapids Michigan U.S.A. in 
1963, this church sent a delegate to the meeting. 

Many scholars of this church are now collaborating 
on a translation of the Bible into Japanese which 
will be called "The New Japanese Bible". 

A committee has been formed to investigate Shin- 
toism and make a protest against the jeopardizing of 
the freedom of faith. It is feared that Shinto is 
again moving toward establishing itself as a state 

The Japan Christian Presbyterian Church (Nippon 
Kirisuto Choro Kyokai) was organized on December 
9, 1956 with three congregations. At the present 
time there are eight congregations, with eight ordained 
ministers and one worker. 

The Church holds to the Westminster Confession 


of Faith and the Westminster Larger and Shorter 
Catechism. It takes the presbyterian form of govern 
ment and holds to the principle of self support. 
It s theological position is represented by orthodox 

The Presbyterian and Reformed Church in Japan 
(Nippon Kirisuto Kyokai} has had a long and color 
ful history. Among the first missionaries to come to 
Japan were the following famous men who were the 
forerunners of this church : James Hepburn, Samuel 
Brown, D.B. Simmons, Guido Verbeck, James Ballagh 
and David Thompson. 

Under the leadership and influence of Hepburn 
and Ballagh newly converted Japanese established in 
Yokohama the first Protestant Church in Japan in 
1872. It is known today as the Nippon Kirisuto 
Yokohama Kaigan Kyokai. This was the first church 
in Japan to hold the presbyterian order. 

This church made rapid progress in its early life. 
At the synod meeting in 1890 it enacted its own 
Confession of Faith. It contains a statement of 
traditional reformed doctrines with the addition of the 
Apostles Creed. 

During World War II under the pressure of the 
totalitarian military government all of the protestant 
denominations were united. At the end of the war 
the totalitarian religious regulations were abolished 
and religious freedom was declared. In 1951 thirty- 
nine congregations withdrew from the United Church 
and established the new Nippon Kirisuto Kyokai. 

At present there are 108 congregations and 115 
ministers. In 1953 a new Confession of Faith was 
adopted with some enlargement and modification of 
the previous Confession. 

In 1955 it was decided to unite two seminaries 


into one. At present the Seminary is located in 
Tokyo. It offers a six-year course for high-school 
graduates or a four-year course for college graduates. 

The Church was affiliated in 1959 with the World 
Presbyterian Alliance. A delegate was sent to the 
General Council held in Sao Saulo, Brazil in that 
year. Several delegates will be sent to the next 
General Council to be held in Frankfurt, Germany 
in 1964. 

A new Evangelism Bureau has been established 
within the church in order to develop a stronger 
evangelistic program. Four new preaching stations 
have been begun. 

A National Laymen s Meeting was held in Osaka 
in April of 1964. The theme of the meeting was 
"The Nippon Kirisuto Kyokai Marches Onward ", 
with the sub-theme of "Pray, Dedicate, Serve". 
Over 1,000 persons who attended this meeting were 
filled with the Holy Spirit, and dedicated themselves 
for the cause of the Lord. 

Since World War II, the church has been busy laying 
its foundation. It has been occupied with its Confession 
of Faith, with the building of a Theological Seminary, 
with the forming of two catechisms. Now that the 
foundation is laid the time has come to turn the 
strength of the church toward aggressive evangelism. 


Theodore Morris 

The Salvation Army was established in Japan in 
1895 by an energetic group of pioneer Officers from 


England. Great difficulties were encountered but 
despite these a vigorous and growing Army was soon 
established. Several Japanese of outstanding capa 
bilities were attracted to the Army, among which was 
Commissioner Gunpei Yamamuro, a brilliant author 
and evangelist. His book, " The Common People s 
Gospel has sold over half a million copies and is 
still in circulation. Immediately after the Second 
World War, Commissioner Charles Davidson, who 
previously had served some years in Japan, was sent 
back to reestablish the Salvation Army and he has 
remained the National leader up to the present time. 
The Salvation Army in Japan has work in all the 
slands of Japan, maintaining 63 Corps (Churches) 
ith 53 outposts (preaching stations) . There are 253 
)fficers (ordained Ministers) carrying on this pro 
gram with many more lay leaders and volunteer 
Also as part of the overall operation of the 
rmy, nineteen social institutions are constantly in 
operation providing sustaining assistance in various 
in Social Work. These include T. B. Sanatoria, 
iildren s Homes, (4) (approximately 175 child- 
trom age three to sixteen) ; Day Nurseries, (5) ; 
.for workingmen (2) ; and ladies, (2) ; Rescue 
Mnes for young ladies in difficulty, (3) ; and a Student 
( for young College Students. This Hostel has 
been enlarged and is providing a Christian 
orne for Young ladies in all four years of College 
Army also has a Summer Camp near the seaside 
the Summer months by these Institutions 
as the young people of the various Corps, 
dmg an opportunity for fun and relaxation in the 
great out-of-doors. 

The Salvation Army has been able to add two m 
dings to our existing facilities. An imposing si 



story ferro-concrete building has been erected in the 
Ichigaya area which is being used as an Evangeline 
Residence, providing housing for about 80 working 
young ladies. This building also includes a modern 
auditorium seating approximately four hundred people 
and has been filled on various occasions when the 
Tokyo Corps have met for united gatherings. Also 
recently erected is a four-story structure which in 
corporates all the necessary facilities for the Training 
of future Salvation Army Officers for the Japan 
Territory. The Salvation Army trains all its own 
Officers in a two year intensive course of instruction 
including academic and practical courses of study. 
This building contains classrooms, a Lecture Hall 
(Chapel) , and office space for staff members together 
with dining room and sleeping accommodations for 
the "Cadets" in Training. There are at present 
twenty Cadets in the two year Training Sessions, 
including a young Medical Doctor and his wife. 

Special Campaigns have been conducted in the 
Kyushu and Kansai areas as well as various short 
campaigns in all parts of Japan. The Cadets from 
the Training School usually assist in these endeavors 
with Commissioner Davidson, The Training Principal, 
or Colonel Hasegawa, the Chief Secretary for Japan 
doing the speaking. The Salvation Army is still very 
active in the Open Air Meeting (a meeting on the 
street corner) with many outsiders attracted to the 
Inside Services. The use of brass instruments together 
with the tambourine and vocal music are of great 
attraction to the meetings where the gospel is presented. 
Many are found confessing their sin at the conclusion 
of such meetings. 

The Salvation Army is always ready to assist in 
time of disaster, either personal or natural. Daily 


emergency relief is administered from Headquarters 
and through the various Corps centers as necessary. 
In times of natural disaster such as the train accident 
at Tsurumi or the mine disasters in Kyushu, the Army 
organizes its personnel and makes every effort to be 
of both material and spiritual assistance to the victims 
of such disaster. During the winter months, especially, 
many people are fed on the streets of the larger cities 
of Japan, this work made possible by contributions 
in the familiar Salvation Army Social Kettles placed 
in various spots in all the major cities. In Tokyo 
)saka temporary structures are used to house and 
eed men coming to the city in search of work. 
Special religious services are conducted nightly in these 
shelters and some definite decisions have been made 
through this contact. During Christmas and 
r Year celebrations, special parties are held for the 
children, and the lonely, with special food 
;kages and bedding provided for those in need 
welfare work, as is all the work of the Salvation 
s done with one principal purpose in mind 
acquaint people with the Lamb of God that takes 
away the sin of the world. 


Aishin Kida 

The holiness groups in this country present a wide 

f individual characteristics in regard to church 

type of activities engaged in and even major 

\ of doctrinal emphasis. In the midst of this 

diversity, the one linking tie has been a common 


belief in the Scriptural doctrine of holiness with a 
predominantly Wesleyan connotation. The author will 
attempt to suggest some of the work which is being 
done by holiness groups. 

The leading ministers of The Christian Brotherhood 
Church, (Kirisuto Kyodaidan) were formerly affiliated 
with Bishop Juji Nakada in the former Kiyome Kyokai 
made up of the group which adhered to the Bishop 
when the pre-war Japan Holiness Church was divided 
into two main bodies, the Nippon Sei Kyokai and 
the Kiyome Kyokai. The so-called Four-Fold Gospel 
advocated by Bishop Nakada continues to be em 
phasized. The four main points are regeneration, 
sanctification, divine healing and the second coming. 
Another prominent feature is intercessory prayer for 
the hastening of the Lord s return, for a widespread 
revival in Japan in order that the nation might be 
come an instrument to carry out God s divine purposes, 
especially for the accomplishment of the third subject 
of intercessory prayer, that is the restoration of God s 
Chosen People Israel. 

The Holy Christian Unity Church, (Kirisuto Sei- 
kyodan) came into being on June 1958, when twenty- 
eight churches formally decided to withdraw from 
the Christian Brotherhood Church. Up to that time 
the two groups had a common history, and still con 
tinue to share practically the same doctrinal position. 
The present leader of the denomination is the Rev. 
Hiromi Yanaka. Their headquarters office is located 
in Chiba City. 

The Immanuel General Mission, (Immanueru Sogo 
Dendodan) was first organized in October, 1945, under 
the leadership of the Rev. Tsugio Tsutada, formerly 
a minister in the Nippon Sei Kyokai. Since that time 
he has held the office of Bishop in the denomination 


and is also concurrently head of their seminary. From 
the outset, establishment of a self -sustaining, indi 
genous church has been uppermost together with a 
major emphasis on foreign missions. Another item 
of interest is that since 1952 the denomination has 
had a fraternal relationship with the American 
Wesleyan Mission in Japan, and since 1954 with the 
World Gospel Mission. Together they form the Im- 
manuel Wesleyan Federation. 

The Japan Church of Jesus Christ, (Nippon lesu 
Kirisuto Kyodan) has fallen heir to work which dates 
back to 1903 when the Rev. B. F. Buxton together 
with others organized the Japan Evangelistic Band. 
In 1935 the resultant churches were consolidated into 
an organization called the Nippon lesu Kirisuto Kyokai 
which later formed a component part of the United 
Church of Christ in Japan. In 1951 the denomina 
tion was reorganized forming the present Nippon lesu 
Kirisuto Kyodan. The denomination continues to 
maintain close fraternal relationship with the Japan 
Evangelistic Band which also carries on pioneer evan 
gelistic activities on its own. The spiritual legacy of 
the Rev. Barclay Buxton is still prominent in both 

Missionary work of The Japan Church of the 
Nazarene, (Nippon Nazaren Kyodan) dates back 
more than half a century, since it was in 1908 
that work was actually started by two missionaries 
from the Un,ted States. Following the war, a fresh 
start was made in 1946 when the work was reorganized 
under the leadership of Dr. W.A. Eckel. Since his 
retirement from the Superintendence in 1961, the 
office has been occupied by the Rev. Aishin Kida. Doc- 
trinally, the denomination is committed to the Bible 
teaching on entire sanctification. 


The Japan Free Methodist Church, (Nippon Jiyu 
Mesojisuto Kyodan) has a history dating back to 1895 
when it was founded by Teikichi Kawabe. At the 
present time most of its work is in the Kansai area. 
It has only one church in Tokyo. The past year a 
new preaching place was opened in Amagasaki in the 
Kansai area. The present Superintendent is Takesaburo 

The work of The Japan Holiness Church, (Nippon 
Horinesu Kyodan) is affiliated with the Oriental Mis 
sionary Society. Its churches extend from Hokkaido 
to Okinawa, however Okinawa is looked upon as over 
seas work. This past year has seen a move of this 
group s headquarters and seminary buildings into much 
larger quarters, The new school dormitory will hold 
up to one hundred students, however the present 
enrollment stands at forty-seven. Dr. Paul T. Petticord, 
Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Oriental 
Missionary Society was present for the dedication of 
the new quarters. 

Other churches doing work in Japan are The Japan 
Gospel Church, (Nippon Fukuin Kyodan), and the 
Oriental Missionary Society Holiness Church (Toyo 
Senkyokai Horinesu Kyodan). 



Ryozo Hara 

The Nihon Kirisuto Kyodan* is a united church. 
It came into being not for the sake of any unique 
doctrines or because of any outstanding leader but 
for the sake of Christian unity. In order to arrive 
at a common understanding of the way this unity 
was achieved, and of the reasons for unification, the 
the present writer would like to begin with the follow 
ing brief statement on -The Development of the 
United Church of Christ in Japan."** This statement 
i a whole may be taken as one source for an under 
standing of the Nihon Kirisuto Kyodan. 

Protestant Christianity in our country originated 

mission of foreign missionaries who came to 

m the sixth year of the Ansei era (1859). In 

Mi year of the Meiji era (1872), on the second 

day the second month (old calendar), the first 

stant church, the Nihon Kirisuto Kokai, was 

This church belonged to none of the 

immations found in foreign countries but was as 

supra-denominational church. Subsequently 

ever, denominations from Europe and America 


throughout this article 

officially approved by the United 
Yr Un<1 in the United Church 

P ; n T;e n Rules and Regula - 


were transplanted to Japan, and as their mission work 
expanded, the number of denominations in Japan 
likewise suddenly increased. From a different angle 
at about the same time, proposals for union arose 
frequently among the several denominations, partly 
stimulated from abroad by the ecumenical movement. 
Finally the opportunity arose, externally occasioned 
by the promulgation of the Religious Organization 
Law, for all the Protestant churches of the country 
to unite, and in the fifteenth year of the Showa era 
(1940), on October 17, at a mass meeting of Christian 
laymen from all Japan, a declaration of church unity 
was made. Acting on the basis of this declaration, 
the churches of more than thirty Protestant denomi 
nations achieved unity the following year, in accordance 
with the following summary of the statement that 
came out of the Founding Assembly at which the 
Nihon Kirisuto Kyodan came into existence, held at 
Fujimi-cho Church on June 24-25, 1941 : 

The triune God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, 
revealed in Jesus Christ and attested in the Holy 
Scriptures, because of the sins of the world and 
for its salvation, was pleased to become a human 
being, to die, and to rise again, and to grant 
forgiveness of sins, justification, sanctification, and 
eternal life to all who believe in atonement through 
the Son. 

The Church, as the body of Christ, is the place 
where those who have been called by God s grace 
hold services of worship, proclaim the Gospel, 
observe the Sacraments, and expectantly await 
the return of the Lord. 

.Later, in conjunction with the annullment of the 


Religious Organizations Law, the proposal was made 
that the United Church s organization be revised. 
In the twenty-first year of the Showa era, on October 
16 (1946), the Constitution of the Nihon Kirisuto 
Kyodan was enacted, making it evident that this body, 
of its own volition, was indeed a united church. 

Moreover, at the time the Constitution was revised 
on October 28, 1948, it was decided that the United 
Church would confess its faith in the words of the 
Apostles Creed. Finally, on October 26, 1954, there 
was enacted the United Church s own Confession of 
Thus, through a unity given in the Holy 
Spirit under the wondrous providence of God, the 
Nihon Kirisuto Kyodan, which long labored for the 
formation of a stable church, here firmly established 
its unification as a united church. 

This is the heart of the matter as to how the 
United Church was born. 

Like other churches of the world, the Nihon 
Kirisuto Kyodan, as a member of the Body of Christ, 
believes in the unity of the Church and, shouldering 
.ch burdens as need to be taken up to realize this 
, is continuing its labors on behalf of Christian 
In this endeavor there is, however, one thing 
that distinguishes the Nihon Kirisuto Kyodan from 
That is the radicalness of the path 
hosen. Instead of inviting cooperation in bits 
)f denominations that retain their traditional 
intact, its members have first cast them- 
* denominations, into one body and there 
rontations and sometimes in collisions with the 
and practices of other traditions-are seeking 
toward unity. Accordingly, the Nihon 
yodan, like Abraham who set forth not 
"here he was to go, is an adventurous body, 


for without clearly perceiving what path toward unity 
it should tread, it has simply set out believing in 
Christian unity. Exposed to the danger of fragmen 
tation, and having bade farewell with a sorrowful heart 
to those who chose to depart, it continues to walk in 
this faith even to the present day. For that very reason 
the problem of Christian unity is, for the Nihon 
Kirisuto Kyodan, a most serious and realistic problem 

At the 1954 United Church General Assembly, 
this church adopted, as was mentioned above, its own 
Confession of Faith. At that time some people raised 
objection, charging that the Nihon Kirisuto Kyodan 
was changing into a "creedal church." Only on the 
understanding that this confession was not a binding 
one, could it be passed. Neither organizationally nor 
substantially was the faith of the local church to be 
decided upon from without. This principle holds 
true not only for the Confession of Faith but for 
church administration as well. It has become evident 
that when churches of varying traditions gather into 
a single body, what results, as a matter of historical 
necessity, is not a pure and pristine union but the 
strengthening of the autonomy of the local church. 

To such a degree has this strengthening of the 
authority of the local church taken place that now 
the problem of "inefficiency" has arisen. At the 
present time this matter of solving the problem of 
inefficiency is one of the most seriously discussed 
problems in the United Church. Like a refrain one 
hears that the United Church must become "a church 
with life-blood coursing through her veins" (chi no 
kayou kyodan}. The United Church stands today at 
a crossroads, seeking to determine which path it should 
take. The fact remains, however, that the "in- 


efficiency" at issue here by no means implies a con 
tradiction between the work of the local church and 
the work of the United Church as a whole. It stands, 
rather, as an expression of the pain of this transition 
period through which the United Church is passing 
for the sake of attaining organic unification. 

More than twenty years have passed since the 
founding of the United Church. The period of birth 
and infancy is over. We can now see the signs 
which indicate that the United Church has entered 
the second stage of her pilgrimage toward unity, for 
now such a feeling of mutual trust and reliance has 
grown up between those members of differing tradi 
tions who have come together in this church that they 
can even consider revising their conception of the 
United Church itself. 

Behind the attitude of inclining one s ear, of open 
ing one s heart to another, lies a spirit of vigilance 
that will not permit indiscriminate compromise. This 

simply a matter of being honest with the Bible. 
Without this, there can be no dialogue that will lead 
toward genuine unity, no opening of the way toward 
the new creation. The fact that this attitude of 
vigilance for the truth and this attitude of openness 
toward others have grown up, as a necessary result, 
from the formation of one body by churches of many 
traditions holds great promise for the United Church 
as it moves out into the future. 

The Nihon Kirisuto Kyodan is presently in process 

formation. Before it lies the task of developing, 

through the encounter of many traditions, a new 

This new church will not be the least com- 

n denominator among all these traditions, nor will 

represent an intensive cultivation of what may be 

deemed the strong points of each denomination. It 


will, rather, emerge in consequence of a search, by 
those many traditions that have joined together in 
the United Church, for solutions to the many re 
alistic problems that have arisen. The denominational 
traditions do indeed serve as a background to the 
discussions that are being carried on, but they alone 
do not suffice to point the new road ahead. It is 
this new road for which the Nihon Kirisuto Kyodan 
is searching. This road will doubtless be steep and 
rough, but it is our hope that following it will make 
it possible to discover the unity of the church. As 
yet, however, we know not what response will be 
granted to our hope. We are awaiting the travail of 
the new creation. Ridding ourselves of exclusive, 
self-complacent, short-tempered attitudes and without 
being shackled by the great heritages of the past, we 
wish, with a pioneer spirit, to carry on an unremit 
ting search for new fields and to see for ourselves 
the result of our labors. Though we of the Nihon 
Kirisuto Kyodan have only a short and simple history 
to our name, before us lies the vision of grappling 
with these developments that are leading us, filled 
with that perseverance and catholicity that are assured 
to us by the Spirit, to the formation of a new United 

Out of such a vision came the United Church s 
" Fundamental Policy on the Mission of the Church," 
developed in the light of an analysis of the church 
as it presently exists, and issued in October 1961 
(Showa 36) . This statement, though leaving unsolved 
a number of problems as to its content, is highly 
significant in that it points a direction for the United 
Church to follow, at this new stage, as it seeks re 
formation. This statement points up a way for the 
solution of the problem of " inefficiency," and it has 


stimulated an earnest debate, which continues to the 
present as to what it means for the Nihon Kinsuto 
Kyodan, as a church, to seek structural renewal. 
Moreover, it specifies the following problem areas, 
each of which has been entrusted to a committee and 
is currently eliciting vigorous and searching discussion : 

(1) The self-renewal of the church (the church s 
awareness of being in the world) 

(2) A re-examination of the organization for evan 
gelism (a second look at evangelistic policy) 

(3) The one billion yen fund (reorganization of 
the United Church s financial structure) 

(4) Inquiry into the matter of ecumenical coopera 
tion (cooperation with the churches of the 

(5) Research into the structure of the United 
Church (in connection with the problem of 
inefficiency, a re-examination of the committee 
structure and administration) 


W.T. Clark 

Unlike some other denominations, there are relative 
ly few Adventist bodies. Aside from the Seventh-day 
Adventist church, the largest is the Advent Christian 
Church. Since no information on their work outside 
of North America is at hand, space here will be devoted 
entirely to the largest of the Adventist bodies, the Se 
venth-day Adventist church. At the end of 1962 world 
membership (baptized members) stood at 1,362,775 
with 74% outside of North America. Although the 
first S.D.A. missionary came to Japan in 1896, the 
growth of the church in this country has been slow. 


By 1941 membership reached 1,000, a figure almost 
halved by the end of the war. In the past 18 years, 
however, the pace has quickened and membership at 
the end of 1963 was 4,849. 

The S.D.A. church believes in evangelism, with 
every department and segment organized to this end. 
To further this program, in addition to the public 
evangelistic program of each local church, certain 
other specialized lines of endeavor have been develop 
ed. These include educational work, with schools 
from kindergarten through college developing and 
training Christian youth. From these schools came 
more than 15% of the 430 people baptized in 1963. 
The medical and health educational program, built 
around Tokyo-Sanitarium Hospital and Harajuku Clinic 
in Tokyo, and the Adventist Medical Center in Oki 
nawa, endeavors to demonstrate the power of Christian 
love, and illustrate the value of healthful Christian 

The distribution of Christian literature in 1963 reach 
ed a new level with total sales of over 70,000,000, 
excluding free literature given away. This program 
has proved extremely helpful in circulating Christian 
literature widely, and has resulted in many contacts 
leading to conversions. It is also a useful corollary 
to the radio programs of the Voice of Prophecy, now 
broadcast over 20 stations and sub-stations, and reach 
ing a potential audience of over 31,000,000 people 
throughout Japan. 

The organization and operation of the Seventh-day 
Adventist Church in Japan differs from other denomi 
nations in certain respects. Representative in form of 
government, the church is directly connected to the 
world body, and receives considerable financial support 
from the world body. Overall direction and respon- 


sibility for the church program is in the hands of an 
executive committee of 23 members, over half of 
them national workers of experience. However, con 
siderable autonomy remains in the local conference 
or mission area (Japan is now divided into three 
such areas for administrative purposes) and is in turn 
directed by a local executive committee composed 
almost exclusively of national leadership. There is 
close harmony and cooperation between these local 
committees and the parent committee with head 
quarters in Tokyo. 

In order to strengthen the church in Japan, greater 
stress is being laid upon the training and development 
of a consecrated and active laity, directed by dedicated 
and wide-awake national leadership. History has 
emphasized that strength of the church resides in 
fully converted men and women, rather than structures 
of wood and stone. 

While the church continues to feel an integral part 
of the world church, it is also developing into a strong 
self-supporting body less dependent upon overseas 
financial aid. In 1963 the church received from abroad 
for operating purposes over 30,000,000 yen, plus ad 
ditional funds for capital expenditures. At the same 
time over 50,000,000. yen was contributed by the 
membership in Japan in tithes and offerings for the 
support of the indigenous work, while more than 
15,000,000 was sent to the world body as Japan s 
contribution toward support of the world church. 


Howard Haines 
For over a century ever since Townsend Harris 


Conducted Protestant services in the 1850s Christians 
from overseas have played an important role as part 
of the Christian community in Japan. 

The English-language Union Churches of Tokyo 
and Kobe were the very first Christian churches of 
any kind in their respective communities. Both erected 
church buildings in 1872, and their present buildings 
in 1928-30. Both of these buildings were substantially 
destroyed in 1945, and rebuilt in the 1950s. Both 
began with congregations composed largely of mis 
sionaries and for that reason centered their Sunday 
worship in the afternoons ; more recently, with the 
expansion of the foreign population, they have rapidly 
developed morning services as well. Both churches 
are completely self-governing and self-supporting, 
maintaining property, program, and pastor by contri 
butions of their members ; and both now contribute 
substantially to Christian service and outreach in Japan, 
as well as stirring the faith and Christian practice of 
their members. 

German-speaking congregations developed in close 
fellowship with these English. speaking churches. In 
Kobe, the two congregations still use the same build 
ing and have a combined Board of Trustees. During 
the war the German pastor conducted services in both 
languages and served both Kobe congregations. In 
Tokyo, a German congregation met in the building 
of the English-language church as early as 1885. 
They subsequently lost one church building in the 
1923 earthquake and another by bombing in 1945. 
The present Tokyo " Kreuzkirche " (Cross Church) 
near Gotanda was erected in 1959, drawing imagi 
natively upon Japanese architecture. A pipe organ 
was installed in 1961. 

Dr. Charles Iglehart tells us that at one time there 


were as many as thirty Union Churches in Japan. 
Some of these have disappeared, like the Yokohama 
Union Church which has not functioned since the 
war, primarily because the Yokohama Chapel Center 
. S. Navy sponsored) seemed adequately to serve 
the religious needs of the English-speaking Protestants 
of that area. 

Additional Union Churches have come into being 
in Japan, as well as a number of denominational 
foreign-language churches. The Nagoya Union Church, 
for instance, was founded in 1952, and now holds 
services regularly every Sunday at 4 p. m. in the 
centrally located Nagoya Chuo Kyokai. 

y the beginning of 1964, the membership of Tokyo 
Union Church had grown to 458, even though about 
one-third of the congregation leaves Tokyo each year 
and must be replaced. The burgeoning number of 
smess people greatly outnumbers the missionary and 
diplomatic personnel who formerly had been the large 
Three services each Sunday were necessary, 
average total attendance in 1963-64 of about 
Sunday School enrollment passed 300 In 1964 
approximalely 3,000,000 was contributed for Christian 
m Japan, including a series of Refresher Courses 
Japanese pastors in various parts of the country 
^ored in partnership with Tokyo Union Theo 
logical Seminary. 

i cooperation with the Japan National Christian 

uncH, Tokyo Union Church will serve in 1964 as 

I point for church information for foreigners 


memrf th f - 

foreign population in western Tokyo, the 

> purchased m 1963 a plot of land in Mitaka, 
the new American School in Japan for the de 
velopment of a second Union Church in Tokyo 


In mid-1964 the Rev. Howard B. Haines returned 
to the States after a seven year pastorate in Tokyo, 
and was succeeded by Dr. John C. Gingerich, formerly 
of the North Broadway Methodist Church of Columbus, 
Ohio. Mr. Michael DeVore continues his two-year 
term as the church s third full-time Assistant Pastor. 

At the Kobe Union Church, membership stood in 
1964 at about 200, with Sunday attendance frequently 
exceeding that figure. Missionaries from a wide range 
of denominations still form the majority of the mem 
bership, but the number of business people has been 
steadily increasing. The church carries on a well- 
rounded program for men, women, and children, as 
well as a ministry to sailors and servicemen and to 
Japanese students and young people, and a wide 
benevolence program. 

In 1964 the Rev. Vernon A. Crawford completed 
his term as pastor. A call was issued to the Rev. 
Maurice Holt (former American chaplain) who is 
expected to undertake his duties as pastor of the Kobe 
church in early spring, 1965. 

Leadership in the German-language churches has 
for the past ten years been given by Pastor Harald 
Oehler, who conducts services in the Tokyo Kreuz- 
kirche, and also monthly at Yokohama (in Christ 
Church) and at Kobe (at the Kobe Union Church). 
Sunday Schools as well as a number of study and 
service activities are conducted. The Tokyo- Yokohama 
membership is about 350 persons, including children ; 
the Kobe-Osaka congregation is of about half this 

All of the Union Churches lay stress on both their 
interdenominational and their international character. 
The congregation of the German church in Tokyo 
includes German, Swiss, Austrian and Dutch Protes- 


tants of many denominations, and the members of 
the English-language churches come from as many as 
twenty countries in the Americas, Europe, Asia, and 
Africa. All these congregations also include Japanese 
me m hers. 

Since most of those worshiping at these churches are 
daily envolved in significant relationships with Japan- 

ese as businessmen, missionaries, educators, and in a 

dozen embassies it is hard to exaggerate the impor 
tance of their maintaining solidly Christian faith, life, 
and attitudes. It is to the development of this vital 
Christian witness, as well as ministry to their personal 
and family needs, that the Union Churches are dedi 
cated . 


Proclus Ushimaru 

The Eastern Orthodox Church in Japan was founded 
by E. R. Nicholas Kasatkin, a missionary from the 
Russian Orthodox Church who was later made Arch 
bishop Nicholas of Japan. 

This Church began its work in Japan in a small 
chapel in the Hakodate Russian Consulate in 1861. 
In 1870, a church office was established in Tokyo. 
It has served as the church administrative headquarters 
since that time. In this same location there are many 
other church buildings, among them The Resurrection 
Cathedral, known as NICHOLAI-DO by the Japanese 
public. The Cathedral is still standing and is an 
important national cultural property. 

Its construction was begun in 1884 and it was 


completed in 1891. The grounds of NICHOLAI-DO 
were purchased by The Church in early 1963. Pay 
ment for this purchase of Government Property will 
be made over several years time. For the Eastern 
Orthodox Church this is the greatest obstacle to 
missionary aid from The Russian Orthodox Greek 
Catholic Church of America, an " auto-cephalious " 
church known as " Metropolia " in the U.S.A. 

There is an administrative difference in the degree 
of independence of The Eastern Orthodox Church. 
The "auto-cephalious" church is entirely independent 
and self-governing. It appoints its own chief bishop 
and conducts its relations with other churches directly. 
On the other hand, "autonomous" churches are also 
self governing and manage their own internal affairs, 
but the appointment of their chief bishops requires 
the sanction of the Mother Church. It is through the 
Mother Church that their relations with other churches 
are carried on. The Japanese Church belongs to the 
latter. When the above-mentioned economic condition 
has improved, there will be a possibility for the 
Japanese Church to be become an ** auto-cephalious " 

There is new activity calling for better management 
of the Theological Seminary and of Sunday Schools. 
The former which has been closed since the Russian 
Revolution is the most important institution for mis 
sionary work in The Japanese Church. It was opened 
in 1957 and is progressing along favorable lines. A 
small religious tract is being published by the Ortho 
dox Youth Association in Tokyo twice a year and is 
called "A Series of Orthodox Church Teachings" writ 
ten and edited by the author. The head of the Church, 
Bishop Vladimir, has been traveling to all of the 
parishes in Japan in order to speak to them. In the 


interests of the Ecumenical movement some priests of 
the Japan Orthodox Church have been attending 
Ecumenical Study Groups throughout Japan. 


A.W. Bryson 

This decade of the nineteen sixties is a historic 
one in terms of the Catholic Church s restoration in 
Japan after centuries of persecution. 

1962 marked two centenaries that of the construc 
tion of the first post -restoration Catholic Church on 
the Bluff in Yokohama, the present St. Francis Xavier 
Church ;^ and the centenary of the canonization of 
the 26 Christian martyrs of Nagasaki. 

Next year, 1965, will mark the centenary of the 
finding at Nagasaki of the descendants of the persecut 
ed Christians of the 17th century. 

Any survey of the contemporary Catholic Church 

in Japan would thereby be incomplete without a brief 

look at its historical background in this country 

The history of the Catholic Church in Japan falls 

illy into three distinctive periods: (1) The 

Christianity with the coming of St. Francis 

Xavier in 1549, culminating in the great persecution 

half of the 17th century. (2) The pe- 

l from the return of Catholic missionaries to Japan 

/T n u lf f the 19th Centur y tiU the en d of 

Ihe postwar period from 1945 till the 

sent day. (1) The first period was one of rapid 

th and expansion. Hundreds of thousands, rang- 

g from peasant to daimyo, embraced the Catholic 

1 hen came the great persecution, when many 


thousands were martyred and wrote with their blood 
one of the most inspiring pages of Christian history. 
For more than two centuries thereafter Japan was 
closed to the West and Christian influence. 

(2) After the coming of Commodore Perry in the 
middle of the 19th ceutury, Japan opened its door 
once more to the West. The first Catholic mission 
aries, who came soon after, were amazed to find that 
a few thousand Christians had persevered in the 
Faith, despite recurring persecution, in Urakami, Na 
gasaki, and on the outlying Goto islands. But even 
with this nucleus to build on, the growth of the 
Church was a relatively slow one up till the end of 
the last world war. In the beginning, an inherited 
distrust of Christianity (aftermath of the great persecu 
tion) was largely the cause. Understandably, too, a 
people with their own proud traditions of race, civi 
lization, culture and religion, shut off for two centuries 
from any contact with Western civilization, found 
Christianity not easy of acceptance. 

National factors of a social, cultural and religious 
nature, therefore, militated against the conversion to 
Christianity of other than a small minority. The 
Catholic Church during all this period was work 
ing zealously in the religious, educational and social 
welfare fields, and had achieved its own Japanese- 
born Hierarchy between 1927 and 1940. 

(3) The brief period since 1945, characterized by 
improved relations and increasing understanding be 
tween Japan and the Christian countries, has been one 
of great growth for Christianity in general and the 
Catholic Church in particular. 

The Constitution guarantees equality and freedom 
to all established religions and creeds. Enlightened 
legislation, notably " The Religious Juridical Persons 


Act", The School Corporations Act" and " The 
Social Welfare Corporations Act", have created con 
ditions favorable to the establishment, development 
and operation of religious, educational and charitable 

It is a tribute to the understanding and tolerance 
of the Japanese Government and people, and has re 
sulted in a greatly expanded program of educational 
and social welfare works, which are the traditional 
fruits of Christianity. 

In response to this generous attitude, the Catholic 
Church has drawn heavily on its spiritual and material 
resources, in its ardent desire to work with and for 
the people of Japan, and their spiritual and social 

As a result, in the past nineteen years the Catholic 
Church in Japan has trebled its membership ; quadru 
pled its religious, educational, and social welfare works 
and organizations ; and increased its prestige and 
Christian influence out of all proportion to both. For 
in this latter regard, it must be remembered that, 
spiritually this has not been an immediate reward, 
but rather a matter of the slow growth of the Mustard 
Seed, which, watered by the blood of martyrs, is, 
after lying dormant in the soil of centuries, being 
blessed by God with fruit, in response to the long 
patient tilling of His husbandmen. Only thus are the 
following statistics explainable. 

These statistics fall naturally into four categories : 
(A) Religious; (B) Educational; (C) Social Welfare ; 
and (D) Social Action. 


There are 15 dioceses ; 879 churches and mission 


stations ; 155 monasteries and 405 convents. Catholics 
number just on 320,000. 

The Hierarchy is completely Japanese, consisting of 
the Cardinal-Archbishop of Tokyo, the Archbishop of 
Nagasaki, and the Bishops of Sapporo, Sendai, Niigata, 
Urawa, Yokohama, Nagoya, Kyoto, Osaka, Hiroshima, 
Takamatsu, Fukuoka, Oita, and Kagoshima. 

Under the jurisdiction and direction of the Japanese 
Bishops are 1,745 priests (522 Japanese and 1,223 
foreigners), 429 Brothers (250 Japanese and 179 for 
eigners), 5,003 nuns (3,886 Japanese and 1,117 for 
eigners) and a large number of Japanese catechists 
and lay helpers. 

The vocation rate in Japan for priests and Religious 
Societies continues to be very high. The 1963 statistics 
show that 412 were studying for the diocesan clergy, 
and more than half that number for the various 
Religious Societies of Priests ; while 542 are undergoing 
training to become Brothers, and 1,726 to become 


There are the following educational facilities : Post 
Graduate 3 ; Universities 10 ; Junior Colleges 22 ; 
High Schools 106; Middle Schools 96 ; Primary 
Schools 51 ; Special Schools 23 ; Kindergartens 
460, for a total of 771. 

The total enrollment is as follows : Schools 124, 
946, Kindergarten 72,222, for a total of 197,168. 


The Catholic Church has the following social wel 
fare institutions : Hospitals and Dispensaries 59 ; 


Orphanages 40 ; Baby Homes 8 ; Nurseries 44 ; 
Old Folks Homes 15; Homes for Feeble-minded 
Children 4; Dormitories 20 ; Others 54. 

The Social Welfare Department, which is a part 
of the National Catholic Committee, acts in a liaison 
capacity for these major social welfare institutions 
and activities. The total number of major social 
welfare institutions is 244. 

The hospitals and dispensaries provide, 3,430 beds 
for patients ; 183 doctors and 913 nurses attend their 

There are 5,291 children in the orphanages; 1,500 
babies in the baby homes ; 6,000 children in nurseries ; 
and 808 aged in old folks homes. Homes for 
delinquent girls take care of hundreds more. The 
St. Vincent de Paul Society has 136 conferences 
throughout Japan, whose 1,376 members devote their 
activities to the poor and unemployed. The Catholic 
Doctors Association, with a membership of about 
650, and the Catholic Nurses Association, with a 
much larger membership, give valuable services to 
the community. 


In the field of Social Action, the Catholic Church 
; active. The Young Christian Workers" 
. and J.O.C.F.), with headquarters in Tokyo, 
s over 800 militant and many associate members, 
* ith 145 local councils. It publishes its own news 
paper (circulation 12,000), and propagates Christian 
cial principles, in an effort to rebut communism, 
bring about better employer-employee relation- 
For the rest, the Catholic Church in Japan 
2 employment agencies, 9 students centers, 


12 press and publication agencies, 7 Catholic culture 
centers, athletic centers, and many other social services. 
The Catholic Students Association, with over 2,500 
members, is active on the campus of about 50 univer 
sities. The Catholic Migration Commission is busily 
engaged helping emigrants, mainly to South American 

The Church also actively cooperates with the 
14 Community Chest", "Red Cross", and other 
national social service agencies. 

A Catholic Olympic Committee has been formed to 
provide religious facilities and services for Catholic 
athletes and visitors to Tokyo Olympic Games this 

At a diocesan level, the Church s administration, 
including the various activities outlined above, is 
under the direction of the local Bishop. 

At a national level, the Apostolic Internuncio, the 
Holy Father s Minister to Japan, maintains liaison 
with the Japanese Government and the Vatican on 
the one hand, and with the Japanese Hierarchy on 
the other. 

The National Catholic Committee of Japan is the 
Church s central office for national affairs. It is 
composed of all the members of the Hierarchy. 

It has five departments : General Affairs, Education, 
Social Welfare, Lay Apostolate and Public Information. 
It is under the direction of an Administrative Board 
of five Bishops. The Office of the Secretary General 
is its service agency. 

The Catholic Church in Japan has a well ordered 
administrative machinery capable of handling its pre 
sent wide spiritual, educational, and social welfare 
program, which can readily be geared to meet a 
greatly expanded program in the future. 


This has made for internal unity and harmony ; 
and has brought about smooth and happy relationships 
with the Government, other religious groups, and the 
community generally. The Government and its 
officials are well disposed and cooperative, and the 
Church is respected at every level of national life. 

In the educational field the Church, with its im 
posing array of school establishment, ranging from 
universities and colleges right down to kindergartens, 
speaks with an authoritative voice, which is given 
courteous hearing in educational circles. In the social 
welfare field, the Church is very active and is well 
regarded by the Welfare Ministry. 

In the prevailing atmosphere of ecumenism, it would 
seem to be a new dawn of Christianity in the " Land 
of the Rising Sun" which has been blessed indeed 
by the Risen Son of God". Seen in true historic 
perspective, the present finds its meaning in the past, 
and its complete fulfilment in the future. 


Robert Fulop, Edit. 

True to its historical heritage, Christianity in Japan 
continues to make its influence felt in the realm of 
education. Church school education, in spite of set 
backs during the last several years, persists to thrive 
and form a base for many churches. Theological 
education, though plagued with its problems of pro 
liferation, remains the source for the churchs evan 
gelistic and pastoral leadership. Less directly related 
to the churches are the many schools which offer 
instruction from kindergarten to the university level 
in the context of vital Christianity. This chapter will 
deal with these three phases of Christian education, 
attempting to cover as wide an area of Christian 
activity as possible. 


Edwin Fisch, & Yoshio Kimura 

Present day Japan is, in many respects, a nation of 
the young ; and this implication is fully appreciated 
by leaders in the government. They have given 
primary importance to problems of the education of 
children and young people, to guide each to a proper 
place as a constructive member of Japanese society. 
With this emphasis as a background, what place does 
the church give to Christian Education in its overall 
program ? 

That the church recognizes a responsibility is evident 
from the emphasis placed upon Christian day kinder- 


gartens where there is a unique opportunity to early in 
culcate Christian truth in the child, and likewise to 
gain at least acceptance with the parents of the value of 
Christian instruction. Most churches have a Sunday 
School, and there is a growing prominence to extra 
curricular activity and Christian camp programs. By 
and large, churches are actively engaged throughout 
the week with many activities centering in the church 
premises. Much of this is however of an informal 
nature ; and thus in terms of formal class training, 
how does the church emphasis compare with that of 
the government in secular education ? 

Favorable Factors 

There are many favorable factors to a program of 

Christian education in Japan. Church membership is 

nude up of literate Christians, all with a formal school 

ground, and many of these have had high school 

fair number have had college training. It can 

safely stated that all children of school age 

-ble to read graded materials. So it is technically 

every Christian to become a Sunday School 

Cher, and it is possible for every child to use work- 

or leaflets and to look up references in the 


This has made possible an abundance of Sunday 
literature, such as is unknown to most of the 
non-Christian countries of the world. 

The average enrollment for a Sunday School is about 
In many respects this is an ideal size 
Ms large enough to have a good program, ye i 
gh so the child is not -lost" in the 
here ,s room for each child to have an 
and opportunity for personal recognition 


Also, the average church membership of 72 should 
be adequate both to finance the Sunday School and 
to provide its teaching staff. 

The average Sunday School has five teachers, with 
a fairly high absentee rate among pupils, giving each 
teacher an average of seven students present each 
Sunday. This pupil/teacher ratio is considerably better 
than the average found in western countries. Thus 
the teacher has no more students than she can easily 
teach, pray for, follow up, and guide in spiritual birth 
and growth. 

Sunday School work has been a part of the church 
program in Japan for many years, and is considered 
to be a definite part of the church program. 

Disturbing Trends 

Amid such ideal teaching situations, the alarming 
trend is towards lessening returns in terms of pupil 
attendance. A study of statistics over the past ten 
years reveals an interesting pattern. The total number 
of Sunday Schools in operation has remained fairly 
constant, for the difference between the highest number 
and the lowest number does not exceed 15% or 
averages 1.5% per year. So the church has maintained 
its regular program throughout this period. 

The number of Sunday School teachers has been 
relatively constant, with a slight decrease of 6% noted 
over the past six years, a minor change of but 1% 
a year. So the churches have continued to challenge 
and enlist Sunday School teachers. 

It is in the important area of results, or number 
of children reached, that the trend downward acceler 
ates. In the past ten years, enrollment has dropped 
20%, and attendance has dropped 30 o- The encourag- 


invention Sunday Schools have increased in attend 
ance 10% over four years. Assemblies of God church- 
es have increased their attendance by 15% in the 
same period. The Emmanuel Church association and 
Brethren Assemblies have retained the same number 
of students although Brethren attendance seems to be 
only one-third of their enrollment. 

During the same four year period, the Southern 
Baptist Convention, Christian and Missionary Alliance, 
Free Methodists, and Church of the Nazarene in 
creased in both number of Sunday Schools, and 
number of teachers, but dropped in students. 

In all other groups in the survey, which considered 
only those with a total Sunday School enrollment of 
1,000 students or more, there was a decrease, both 
in the Sunday School program and in the number 
of students. 

In fairness, one should state that figures have been 
compiled from the yearbooks of Christo Shimbun Sha, 
which contain many incomplete returns. Where ad 
ditional or more accurate information was available, 
we have used it ; thus if errors should be found in 
this analysis, we would be most happy to be notified. 
In examining the programs of those churches which 
have increased their attendance, it is noteworthy that 
they are the groups which have considered the Sunday 
School as their primary means of teaching evangelism, 


and which have an intensive program in their home 
countries. The full effect has not been only in the in 
crease in Sunday School attendance, but at the same 
time their whole church program has profited, with 
increases in number of churches, church workers and 
in church membership. 

Conversely, where Sunday School attendance has 
decreased, there has been for the most part a very 
modest gain in church membership. Among several 
exceptions to this pattern is The Evangelical Alliance 
Mission, which records a nearly 50% increase in 
membership, while recording a greater than 50% drop 
in Sunday School attendance. The inference seems 
to be that there is a strong evangelistic program, 
but it is geared primarily to the adult level, with a 
weakened emphasis on Sunday School evangelism. 

Influencing Factors 

Many have tried to find the reasons for this drop 
in attendance, and it has been variously ascribed to: 
television which, in taking up so much of the children s 
study time, requires the use of Sunday to catch up 
on studies, and the rising economy with the increase 
in week-end and other outings by the family. In 
the competition for education, some parents arrange 
for special tutoring on Sundays. A rising spirit of 
materialism has also affected the desire for spiritual 
learning. There is also some intensification of efforts 
by non-Christian groups. 

These and other factors all affect the picture, yet 
the fact is that some churches made gains in spite of 
this. Where there is a planned and pressed Sunday 
School program it seems to record gains each year. 


The real problem may not be as much in external 
as in internal matters. 

In the ratio of church members to Sunday School 
pupils, The Baptist General Conference has two Sunday 
School pupils in attendance for each church member. 
Southern Baptists, The Evangelical Alliance Mission 
Church of the Nazarene, Assemblies of God, and 
Brethren groups all have more pupils than members. 
*>me have as little as one pupil for each four mem- 
although the average for all churches is one 
pupil for each two church members. By comparison 
some missions had four pupils for each 
church member, and the national average was better 
than 1.5 pupils per church member. 

Jearly forty years ago, the Appraisal Commission 
amous survey of mission methods One 
we* that missionaries largely reproduce 
I hus pastors reproduce pastors, evangelists 
>duce evangelists, teachers reproduce teachers. Is 
not a factor in the pattern here ? 
How many missionaries are actively interested in 
promoting Sunday School work is a difficultTueslon 

embarassing to ask how many have an active 
part m teaching. Many have taught only during 


completed. Regardless of how many branch Sunday 
Schools are started and turned over to national leader 
ship, with less than one half of 1% of the children 
in Sunday School, every church could well start an 
additional branch Sunday School every year. 

Most Japanese pastors are aware of the need for a 
Sunday School in their church. But in general it has 
been a subordinate position, and largely staffed by 
women teachers. This may reflect a weakness in 
training schools, which almost without exception have 
no required courses in Christian Education for future 
pastors. Thus there is a real need for seminaries 
and Bible Schools to strengthen their Christian Educa 
tion departments and to make certain courses required 
for graduation. 

As pastors have seen the value of the Sunday 
School, the results have been phenomenal. One Chiba 
pastor has started one branch after another, and at 
last report had four Sunday Schools in connection 
with his church. Another began a ministry of prayer 
for each child in the home where a contact had been 
made. Today there is a flourishing church built upon 
the Sunday School pupils of earlier years. 

N.C.C. Program 

In regard to the program of the National Christian 
Council, the Rev. Yoshio Kimura reports as follows : 

" At the Annual Meeting of the National Christian 
Council in March, 1964, it was decided to change 
the name of the National Christian Council Church 
School Department to the Church Education Depart 
ment. As the Church Education Department it has 
already been active in all the churches, with the re 
sponsibility of general church education. Of course, 


the church school was the central part of this. 

" As the NCC Church Education Department, it is 
now considered able to contribute to all churches and 
denominations ; and church educational leaders on a 
high level have held study conferences and conferences 
of education department heads for the purpose of 
contact and cooperation. The tendency in all churches 
at present is to change the educational committee into 
an education bureau. About half of the churches 
with whom we cooperate have made this change. 

1 \Ve knov that all the denominations have put 
their energy into activities of church education, but 
we cannot say as yet that there is an increase in 
numbers. It is clear, however, that efforts are being 
put forth to spread education throughout the entire 

At present the affiliated members and associate 
member denominations are as follows : United Church 
of Christ in Japan, Anglican Episcopal Church, Japan 
A-angelical Lutheran Church, Japan Baptist Conven 
tion, Japan Baptist Union, Church of Christ in Japan, 
Korean Church, Japan Jesus Christ Church, Church 
Salvation Army, Free Methodist 
vh ond a number of other churches of various 


rdi School IVndiers 15,01)4 

Church Sclmol Pupils 167, s23 

The trend is not particulary outstanding, but 

ions having church school classes for adults 

creasing, and in the Southern Baptist Churches 

has risen to 70% of the churches. We do not 

report from others, but each year sees an 

increase in this adult education. 

1 the denominations are working at training of 



teachers, and all over Japan they are holding training 
courses for this purpose." 

It should be noted that the above figures are for 
associates as well as full members of the NCC Church 
Education Department ; hence some of these figures 
will be duplicated in other statistics. 

Statistics for Sunday School work for all Protestant 
groups, as compared with figures for church member 
ship, are as follows : 

Sunday Schools 3,519 Churches 5,393 

(and preaching points) 
S. S. teachers 18.278 Pastors 7,101 

(and evangelists) 

S. S. enrollment 210,708 Members 391,015 

S. S. attendance 121,111 Attendance 177,581 

(all meetings) 

Among the Pentecostal groups there is considerable 
interest in children s work with 323 Sunday Schools 
with an attendance of 10,935. 

Areas of Christian Education 

The church program for Christian education begins 
with Christian day kindergartens, which as a rule 
have a greater enrollment and attendance than the 
Sunday School proper. These are effective in teaching 
Bible stories, hymns and prayers to young children. 

In the Sunday School proper, most have three de 
partments : pre-school, grades 1-3, and grades 4-6. 
Some have high school classes, and a beginning has 
been made in adult Sunday School classes, where 
previously the European type of Sunday School, for 
children only, was the rule. 

Vacation Bible Schools for a five day period are 
showing real promise, and in this area, gains have 


been recorded each year. This is usually graded in 
four departments, pre-school through middle school. 

Bible camps are increasing in number yearly, and 
their programs are now extending over to more of 
the year. Most of the larger missions maintain their 
own camps. The young people and college age 
groups are particularly affected in this work, although 
some adult camps are also in operation. 

J.S.S.U. Program 

The Sunday School department for most of the 
conservative groups is the Japan Sunday School Union, 
vhich carries on no direct Sunday School teaching 
but instead operates solely with and through 
existing churches. Its services are used by more than 
ssions or church associations in Japan, and it 
has the most extensive and complete program of litera 
ture production in Japan in its field. 

Activities supplementary to the usual Sunday School 
ities have been started, such as Pioneer Girls 
Allots, Boy s Brigade, Child Evangelism, etc 
leacher training programs are on the increase, a 
r of regional rallies being held throughout the 
In addition, Japan Sunday School Union holds 
Sunday School workers retreat during 
olden Week (April 29-May 5) each year. 


Literature is available through a number of pub- 

hese are in three groups, the denominational, 

nterdenommational, and the undenominational 

In the first group are : denominations such 

Japan Lutheran Church (Concordia), and the 


Japan Baptist Convention (Jordan). 

The above publish primarily for their own denomi 
nations, and usually issue monthly supplements. 
All publish a teacher s manual in magazine format. 
Some issue childrens leaflets or magazines. The 
synthetic curricula materials prepared by the Church 
School Department of NCCJ are typical interdenomi 
national materials. 

In the undenominational field, the Japan Sunday 
School Union issues two separate curricula, each 
on a quarterly basis, with teacher s manuals, pupil 
leaflets, and pupil workbooks. As the largest Sunday 
School publisher, it also publishes teacher training 
manuals, attendance cards and charts, large teaching 
pictures, flannelgraphs, hymnals, and an annual VBS 
course. All its materials are issued in color printing. 

A real problem is that Sunday School work will 
never reach more than a minimal percent of the 
children of Japan. One of the attempts has been through 
attractive literature. A number of Christian children s 
magazines are being issued, one being ** Otomodachi " 
in four colors. Another most fruitful method has 
been that of placing a set of Bible story books in 
public school libraries. This set of five volumes is 
illustrated with more than 240 full color pictures, and 
has been extremely popular with school children. 
Japan Sunday School Union has encouraged missions 
to place these sets in each school in their areas of 
work, and 1963 alone saw more than 1200 sets placed 
in public school libraries. Some sets are in every 
prefecture of Japan, and one prefecture, Nagano Ken, 
has a set in each of its 450 primary schools, and in 
most of its middle schools, largely through the efforts 
of Rev. J. Norton, of The Evangelical Alliance 
Mission. Similarly, all the middle schools, and many 


of the primary schools in Yokohoma have sets through 
the diligence of Rev. R. Degelman. Another mission 
is seeking to complete Niigata Prefecture, and so the 
work continues. 

In Christian education, one of the problems is to 
acquaint Sunday School teachers with available ma 
terials and provide ready accessability to them. Direct 
mail orders, formerly practical, no longer attract buyers 
since the present mail rates frequently add one-third 
to the cost. This has encouraged the rise of many 
regional Christian bookstores, and more are being 
started monthly. This trend has shown the need for 
cooperation, and the Japan Christian Booksellers As 
sociation was formed during the year 1963. This 
should improve the teacher s flow of information re 
garding adequate teaching helps and teaching tools. 

A New Challenge 

As 1963 drew to a close, a new challenge faced the 
church. Buddhists, meeting on December 17, deter 
mined to establish 14,000 Sunday Schools during the 
next ten years, and set an initial budget of 550, 
000,000 (US$1,500,000) for this project. In a day 
when Protestant Sunday School work is at the lowest 
ebb in ten years, Buddhism sees in the Sunday School 
movement the essential method that they anticipate 
will strengthen their own movement. And so the 
church, with the method, with the message, and with 
the motive, has its challenge and its opportunity, and 
its responsibility under God. 


Cyril Powlcs 

"The Japan Christian Year Book" for 1960 lists 
"around 60 Christian theological schools and semi 
naries in Japan." For the purposes of this survey those 
institutions loosely classed as Bible Schools are being 
dealt with in the latter half of this section. We have 
therefore somewhat arbitrarily denned a seminary as 
being a school where preparation is carried on, either 
for the ordained ministry of the Church, or at least 
for a full-time career as a paid worker. Even so, it is 
difficult to make a clear division between a seminary and 
a Bible School, while many church-related colleges and 
universities (e.g., Rikkyo University in Tokyo) have 
departments of Christian studies which carry on the 
ological education, although they are not formally 
recognized as being qualified to prepare people for 
the ministry. 

Accordingly, we have sent out a questionnaire to 
fifteen schools and colleges which were thought to be 
representative, as follows : 

(1) Kyodan related. Tokyo Union Theological 
Seminary (TUTS), Japan Biblical Seminary (JBS), 
Tsurukawa Rural Institute, and the Colleges of Theology 
of Doshisha, and Kansei Gakuin Universities, and 
Department of Theology of Aoyama Gakuin. 

(2) Seikokai related. Central Theological College 
(CTC), Williams Shingakkan, and the Department 
of Chrisitan Studies of Shoin Junior College. 

(3) Lutheran. Japan Lutheran Seminary (now 
University) ( JLS) , and the Kobe Lutheran Seminary, 


(4) Baptist. Kanto Gakuin College of Theology 
and Seinan Gakuin Department of Theology. 

(5) Reformed. Nippon Kirisuto Shingakko (Nik- 
ki) and Kobe Kaikaku Shingakko. 

Of the above, detailed replies have been received 
from eleven, the results of which have been tabulated 
below. In this connection, it is important to note 
that the basis of the figures quoted seem to vary from 
school to school, so that the information will only 
serve as the roughest of guides for purposes of 

Types of Schools 

As no report on theological education has been 
given in the Year Book " since 1960, it may help to 
review the general situation in this country. Institu 
tions giving education in theology are roughly di 
visible into three types : 

Universities. These give a four year liberal 
in theology course, after which candidates for 
the ministry generally have to take a further two 
ears for a M.Th. or M.A. in Theology degree in 
to qualify. Such courses are given by TUTS, 
isha, Aoyama Gakuin, Kansei Gakuin, and Kanto 
kum, as well as some others which are strictly 
outside the limits of this survey. The newest recruit 
these ranks is JLS, which has become a Daigaku 
commencement of the academic year 1964. 
Graduate only. CTC gives a three year 
i theology, leading to a B.D. on presentation 
Entrance is only for graduates of a 
university, although some special students 
As the Ministry of Education does not 
recognize a graduate school which does not have its 



Publishers and llooiks<lli*rs 

Catalog will be sent Upon Requ st 
Mail Orders Promptly Filled. 

Layman s Bible Commentary. . . 

. 1(> volumes. 

Luther s Works . . . 

... lli volumes. 

Other Christian Books . . . 

. !<)<> titles. 

Evangelistic Tracts . . . 

... GO titles. 

Christian Songs Phonorama Records 

. . Set of <*> titles. 

SAPPORO 6, Nljhi, Mmami-oodori, Sapporo-Shi 

TOKYO 16, 3-chome, Shin-Ogawamachi, Shinjoku-ku Tel. 260-0090 

NAGOYA 36, 4-chome, Kakuozandori, Chigusa-ku 

KOBE 319, 1-chome, Sannomiya-cho, Ikuta-ku 

KUMAMOTO 60, Suido-cho, Kumamoto-shi Tel. 2-8396 

172 B 

Jordan Press 


18-3 Kajriiyamacho, Shibuyaku, Tokyo 

Publishing Dept. of Japan Mission of 
The Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod 


TEL. (261) 5266. 5267 

172 C 


(The Christ Weekly in Japanese) 


Comments on religious, cultural, political, social and economic affairs i 
from the viewpoint of Christianity. Informations and news concerning 
Christian churches and evangelistic works, both at home and abroad, i 
Christian literature, essays, treatises, novels, stories, testimonies, etc. | 

Each issue 4 pages, newspaper size. 

Price 15 a copy, post paid. 700 a year, post paid. 

In America $3.80 a year, post paid. 

Founder : Dr. Kagawa 

24 volumes: Price 24,000 Postage: actual expenses 

From September 1962 on, one volume will be published every month, j 
The publication will be finished in August, 1964. Subscribers are re 
quired to pay in advance. 


1-6, Kanda-Nishiki-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 291-5565, 5566 Postal Transfer: Tokyo 196016 


237 Tamagawa Oyamacho, Sefagayaku, Tokyo 
Tel. 701-4667 Tokyo 1061 10 

Yozo Seo, Outline of Christianity 

H. Davis, Doctrine of Holiness 

H. O. Wiley, Christian Theology (I) 

N. Isayama, 
H. Kitagawa, 
H. Nishida, 

Cross Blood and Fire 
The Guiding Hand 
Prosperous Salesman 

Yozo Seo, ABC of Christianity 

Yozo Seo (trans.), Praying Hyde 

Yozo Seo, Discourses on Parables 

Theological Trends (II) (Magazine) 



Y 30 



Bible Study Text 


I The Lord s Prayer 

II The Parables of Jesus 

III The Christian s Faith 

IV The Sermon on the Mount 

V Living in the Present Age 

VI The Christ A Self-Portrait 

VII Life and the Christian Faith 

1-2 Nishi-Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 291-5201, Furikae. Tokyo-20196 

by Mrs. G. Wilson 

by Rev. R. B. Norton 

by Rev. K. J. Dale 

by Miss A. E. Gwinn 

by Rev. T. Jaeckel 

by Rev. E. R. Pilcher 

by Miss A. E. Gwinn 

Y 80 


Keep informed . . . join the 


Automatic delivery of each 
new book at a 10% discount 

post paid 
Write to. 

Box 66, Scndai 

Beautiful Printing 

Durable Bookbinding Service 




Chuseido Printed Co., Ltd. 

2. Takeya-cho, Minato-ku, Tokyo Japan 

Tel. (452) 3651 3672 





SAPPORO Matsuzaka Bid., Minami 1-jo, Nishi 1-chome 26-9551 
SENDAI 23 Yanagi Machi 

KYOTO Teramachi, Imadegawa Sagaru, Kamikyoku 23-3967 

OKAYAMA Kinshu Kaikan, 18 Uchisange 4-1859 

HIROSHIMA 16 Onomichi Cho 2-9966 

KITA KYUSHU-83 Bakuro-cho, Kokura-ku 52-0800 

TOKYO-2-1-3 Surugadai, Kanda, Chiyoda-Ku 291-1995 

Visit Us. Write Us. 

We re at your Service 

Phone Us. 

172 F 


OVER 200 HYMNS IN ENGLISH 2nd edition 

A new ecumenical 

for the United 
Church Hymnal 
Committee, edited by 
Dr. David Larson 

An international hymnal, with hymns and tunes drawn 
from over 20 countries 

10 Japanese hymns in English translation, including one 
by the late Toyohiko Kagawa 

Scripture references for each hymn are listed at the 
foot of each page or hymn 

Seven useful indexes are appended, including scripture 
reference and topical indexes, making it possible to find suitable 
hymns for all occasions 

Handsome dark blue, sturdy cloth binding 

Economically priced at Y 400 (special price 350 for a 

limited period), overseas price $1.20. Available fr cm local 
bookstores or directly from 


Ginza 4-2, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 




O Gospel-Centered 

O Evangelistic 

O Contemporary 

O Understandable 

Nearly 50^ of our nearly 10,000 Monthly readers are 
not yet Christian. Their interest in Christianity and the 
Church is nourished by this magazine as by no other. 

WON T You 



80 Monthly 480 6 Months 960 Per Year 
Overseas Subscription : $4,00 Postpaid 




172 H 


Yotsuya 1-2, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 
(At the corner of Yotsuya-mitsuke) 
Tel: 351-6173 (Furikae) Tokyo-62233 

Publishes in Japanese: 


1 year subscription Y750 

SEIKI (monthly for intellectuals) 
1 year subscription Y 1,000 

KATEI NO TOMO (monthly for families) 
1 year subscription Y780 

Holy Bible, Prayer Books, Catechism-Apologetic, Theology- 
Philosophy, Moral -Meditation -Spiritual Education, Agio- 
graphy-History, Sociology, Christian Literature, Juvenile } 
Literature, Religious Articles and Church Goods. *} 


- Protestant Publishing Co., Ltd. - 

Shin-ogawa-machi, Shijuku-ku, Tokyo 

Standard one volume Bible Dictionary, Concordance, Commentaries, 
Handy Bible Dictionary, Theological books, Devotional books. 

Complete translations from the works of John Calvin, Martin Luther, 
John Wesley, Karl Earth, Paul Tillich, Emil Brunner, Rudolf Bultmann, 
Robert Pfeiffer, Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Oscar Cullmann, Gunther 
Bornkamm, C. H. Dodd, Eduard Thurneysen, Reinhold Niebuhr, and 
many other western writers. 

Shinkyo-Shinsho " (Paperback series) Biblical, Theological, Devo 
tional, Ecumenical books now published over 100 new Titles. 

" Fukuin to Sekai " (Gospel and World) a top monthly Christian 
journal of Japan. 

" Tsunobue " (Bugle) monthly journal of junior high for Christian 
homes, Church Schools. 

Our Booklet " Calvin in Japan " will be sent on request. 


own undergraduate course, this school is in the some 
what anomalous position of being ranked in Japan 
with sewing and cooking schools, although its degree 
has been consistently recognized by universities in 
Europe and America for purposes of graduate study 
for higher degrees. 

(3) Schools (including J unior Colleges}. Courses 
in this group are quite varied. They range from 3 to 
4 years of training, with or without high school grad 
uation, down to the course given by Nikki, which 
has a seven year course (Yoka-3, Honka-3, and Gra- 
duate-1). The institutions in this category are JBS, 
Tsurukawa Institute, Williams, Shoin, Kobe Lutheran, 
Kobe Kaikaku, Nikki, and, up to 1964, Japan Lu 
theran Seminary. 


As may be seen by a glance at Table II, the courses 
given are remarkably similar (at least on the surface) . 
Both in content and in emphasis they would appear 
to follow closely the curriculum of any western theolog 
ical college or seminary. As in the latter, the Big 
Four of Biblical Studies, Systematic Theology, Church 
History and Practical Theology take up the greater 
part of the timetable, while a comparatively small 
amount of time is spent on Japanese Christianity. 
Undoubtedly, this latter subject is also covered in 
such courses as Practical Theology, Apologetics, and 
Church History, so that a snap judgement on this 
point may be unfair. 

Certain differences also appear. There is a great 
variation in the number of hours devoted to worship, 
ranging from twenty minutes in the morning to 2.5 
hours a day. One school reports a weekly prayer 


meeting, while another has a daily schedule of 1 hour 
in the morning plus 30 minutes of meditation, followed 
hy noon prayers, evening prayer, and Compline last 
thing at night. Factors in these differences include, 
not only theological differences, but also the problem 
of students living out. 


Readers will naturally be interested in changes 
which have taken place since our last survey. On 
the whole there are surprisingly few, but one or two 
trends are clearly visible, For instance, colleges in 
the Kyodan connection have increased their courses 
in practical theology, Christian Education, etc. TUTS 
reports, New program (of field work) concentrates 
on student " in" his fifth year ; includes consultation 
periodically with church pastors involved, counselling, 
etc." Aoyama Gakuin reports, " strengthening of 
the practical field, esp. Christian Education." TUTS 
also appears to have increased the hours in Church 
History, Japanese Christianity, and Worship, at the 
expense of a greater amount of time formerly spent 
on Systematic Theology. 

Although outside the limits of this survey, it is not 
irrelevant to note the opening of a new Institute of 
Christian Education (JICE) at Rikkyo University, 
which has been responsible for the conducting of a 
number of Group Life Laboratories on a cross-con 
fessional basis. This institute is also exploring the 
possibility of a clinical training program to be con 
ducted in conjunction with the medical and psy 
chiatric staff of St. Luke s International Hospital. 

There is a general tendency to lengthen courses on 
every hand in order to make room for new subjects 


and more intensive training. As we have seen, Japan 
Lutheran Seminary (JLS) has now become a Daigaku, 
while Kobe Lutheran has extended the course from 
three years to four. Seinan Gakuin has divided the 
course into a B.D. course and a Bible School, with 
opportunity for graduates of the former to do further 
study at the Asia Baptist Theological Seminary. Bibli 
cal Seminary (JBS) now has a graduate, or kenkyu, 
course of one year in addition to its former regular 
course of five years. Central Theological College 
(CTC) has added courses in European Culture, Japan 
ese Culture, and Japanese Church History. Kanto 
has been granted permission by the Ministry of Edu 
cation to offer courses leading to the Doctor of 
Theology degree. 

There is a fair amount of international exchange 
being carried on, even though one school, in answer 
to this question replied, " No ! Purpose is for Japan 
ese." The Tokyo Union Theological Seminary 
(TUTS) reports, " We usually have students from 
Korea, Taiwan and Okinawa." Both Williams and 
CTC regularly have students from Okinawa and this 
year are exchanging with students from Korea and 
Malaysia. JLS has had a student from India. Lan 
guage is, of course, the greatest problem here. The 
best organized programme of this nature is, without 
doubt, the Southeast Asia Christian Rural Training 
Course sponsored by the Tsurukawa Rural Institute 
and supported by the East Asia Christian Council. 
Registration in this course runs around 10 students 
coming from five different countries (1962). Instruc 
tion is in English and courses are given in the three 
main divisions of Agriculture, Rural Life, and Rural 



Finally, let us glance at certain problems common 
to all or most of these institutions. 

(1) Enrollment. Reference to Table I will show 
that there seems to have been little change in numbers 
of students, although exact figures are not available 
over an extended period. However, periodicals of ten 
years ago mention a figure of " about two hundred 
students" for TUTS, while the enrollment at CTC 
at that time was around 25. As the overall member 
ship of the parent churches has ostensibly been in 
creasing over this period, the lack of increase in 
candidates for the ministry would seem to indicate 
an actual falling-off of numbers. 

(2) Finances. All institutions without exception 
are pinched financially. As theological students are 
not generally supported by their families, fees must 
be kept at a minimum. A church which is straining 
itself to attain financial self-support at the local level 
has little left over for the support of an expensive 
central institution. Consequently, a great deal of 
support has to be sought abroad and this naturally 
is done on a basis of minimum, rather than optimum, 

(3) Lack of Specialized Books in Japanese. A 
glance at Table I will show that in almost every 
school books in foreign languages (mostly German 
and English) far outnumber Japanese works. This 
places a great strain on students, as they must turn to 
foreign works as soon as their introductory study is 
finished. The Theological Education Fund is at pre 
sent assisting in the cost of translating and publishing 
basic texts, and in the writing of new ones. The 
situation is much better than it was, but improvement 



Table I Theological Seminaries in Japan 




Fa " uJH 










Jap se Other 


189 92 




h 11.23-128.216 









2 (6 336) 

Aoyama G 








2 12, mo is. <m 











Shoin JC 






















Kanto GU 











Seinan GU 




















Kobe Lu 








7 in 390 




72 28 






Table II Hours of Courses Given 





P.T. | J-gj 




94 4<; 32 3 






11 i; 





Aoyama GU 
















Shoin JC 
















Kanto GU 








Seinan GU 














Kobe Lutheran 















N.B-. The above figures vary clue to many factors, such as length 
of course, etc. Comparisons should l>e made by striking a 
ratio for each college, rather than by comparing the above 
figures as they stand. 


is gradual. 

(4) Duplication of Facilities. Although some teach 
ers teach in two theological schools or universities, 
a rough calculation of the 11 schools circularized 
indicates a total of 492 students are presently being 
taught by 199 full-or part-time instructors, a ratio of 
approximately one teacher to 2.5 students. Coupled 
with the financial problem, this gives some idea of 
the waste which results from an over-duplication of 
educational facilities. One federated faculty each in 
the Kanto and Kansai areas could easily handle all 
applicants, leaving plenty of talent left over for a 
top-notch graduate school as well. Confessional con 
victions and differences in traditions of worship and 
discipline could be safeguarded by having separate 
hostels and by having special courses taught by re 
presentatives of the respective churches. This is done 
regularly in the West without compromise of belief. 
In Japan, the obstacle to be hurdled would be rather 
the cultural tendency to guard jealously the autonomy 
of the separate unit. 



John M.L. Young 

In June 1962, the Japan Council of Evangelical 
Missions called together a conference of evangelical 
educators for a two day meeting immediately preced 
ing their own gathering. At this conference papers 
were read on such subjects as " The Value and 
Possibility of Specially Qualified Visiting Lecturers," 
" The Problem of Text Books in Japan for Christian 
Schools," and " What An Accrediting Agency Can 
Do for Our Christian Schools." Study groups then met 
to discuss the problems of school discipline, finances, 
faculty, practical work and textbooks. At the business 
session, the twelve schools having representatives pre 
sent agreed unanimously to go on record as favoring 
the establishment of an association of those engaged 
in the training of Christian workers for mutual as 
sistance and encouragement ; and that this association 
contemplate as one of its possible objectives the es 
tablishment of an accrediting association for these 
schools in the future. A steering committee to call 
an organizing conference, representing five of the 
schools, was appointed with Donald E. Hoke of the 
Japan Christian College as chairman. 

This committee convened a "Conference on Theolog 
ical Education " which met that October. Representa 
tives came from twenty schools and passed the follow 
ing resolution. "Be it resolved that we form, for 
the purpose of cooperation in advancing our common 
goals, an association of evangelical, Biblical, theologi- 


cal schools engaged in training Christian workers. 
It is understood that this association is not directly 
affiliated with any other existing ecclesiastical or edu 
cational organization." The name chosen for the 
organization was " The Japan Association of Evan 
gelical Theological Schools," Nihon Fukuinshugi Shin- 
gakko Kyogikai. A constitutional committee was 
elected with Akiji Kurumada of the Tokyo Bible 
Seminary and John M.L. Young of the Japan Chris 
tian Theological Seminary as co-chairmen, and the 
steering committee was asked to continue until a 
spring conference should be convened. 

At the May 1963 conference, the proposed con 
stitution was modified and adopted after lengthy ex 
amination. It contains an eight point evangelical 
doctrinal statement, and states the purpose of the 
association in these words. "This organization, as 
an association of evangelical institutions engaged in 
training Christian workers, shall promote cooperation 
among member schools to the end that each may 
better fulfill its educational objectives." In addition 
to subscription to the doctrinal statement and purpose, 
the following criteria for membership were inserted 
in the constitution : 

a) A minimum of five regular students. 

b) Two regular faculty members. 

An academic school year equivalent to at least 
thirty weeks of fifteen class hours each week, 
d) A two year academic course. 
A temporary executive committee of four Japanese 
three missionaries was elected to serve until the 
At this October 1963 conference, three 
addresses were given on the subjects of "Objectives 
Methods of Attaining Them, of 1) A Bible 
A Bible College ; and 3) A Theological 


Seminary." In addition, Professor Haruo Omura, 
associate professor of philosophy at Tokyo Metropolitan 
University and an elder at the Namamugi Presbyterian 
Church, gave an address on " Theological Education 
in the Context of Modern Japanese Society and 
Culture." An executive committee of seven members 
was elected to serve in two classes, retiring in alternate 
years, with John M.L. Young chosen as the first 
president. The following standing committees were 
also authorized : 

a) Study Commission on Legal Affairs. 

b) Study Commission on Educational Philosophy. 

c) Study Commission on Faculty Qualifications. 

d) Study Commission on Financial Affairs. 

The charter membership was left open until the 
April 1964 conference, at which time there were ten 
regular member schools enrolled and two associate 
members, not yet qualifying for full membership, 
with five other schools sending official observers. At 
this latest conference a comprehensive report was 
made by the chairman of the Study Commission on 
Financial Affairs, Mr. Sakurai of the JCC. He went 
into the principles and practices of administration and 
management of schools, sources of income and ex 
penditures including school fees for tuition, room and 
board, faculty and staff salaries and allowances, arbeit, 
honoraria for visiting speakers, and other matters. 
Along with a mimeographed eight page report, he 
presented fourteen pages of wage scales of government 
and other schools, and the tuition fees of twenty well 
known colleges. It was decided to make this material 
available to non-members, with other reports submit 
ted, for the price of the conference registration fee. 
Those interested may get in touch with the Associa 
tion s secretary, Mr. Higuchi, at the JCC. 


Another address was that of William Cessna on 
"Pastoral Counselling for Pastors and Teachers." 
Mr. Cessna is writing his doctoral thesis in this area 
for Michigan State University. The chairman of the 
Study Commission on Legal Affairs, Professor Yama- 
zaki of Tokyo Bible Seminary, gave a progress report 
of their investigations concerning kinds of government 
recognition and the attending advantages and disad 
vantages, as well as matters dealing with incorporation 
(hojin). He will bring a full report at the next 

Evangelical School Situation Today 

AsJ nearly as can be determined, there are now 
forty-four evangelical institutions in Japan engaged in 
training Christian workers which could qualify for 
membership in the Association. To learn more about 
them a survey questionnaire was sent to them inquiring 
as to their student body during the last semester, number 
of teachers including part-time ones, the purpose of 
the training being given, and the entrance require 
ments. From the information at hand the following 
report has been tabulated. 

(Report as of May 1st, 1964) 

Entrance Require- 

Number Students leachers Purpose is to tram:* ments** 

of Schools last Including ... . ... i r , 

in Survey Semester Part-time Mm1 Bible Lay- Col H s 
sters j Women men 

29 629 170 24 17 11 


Note : *Some schools have two and some all three of these objec 

**T wo schools have both undergraduate and graduate de 
partments and have listed the entrance requirements 
separately bringing the total to 31. 


It is obvious from these figures that many of these 
schools are quite small, the average attendance being 
21.5. Actually 18 of the schools had 15 or fewer 
students. For the education of every 3.07 students, 
at least part of the time of a Christian leader is re 
quired. The survey is not complete but these ratios 
would probably hold in a complete return. A more 
complete survey form has been prepared to gather 
more information such as the ratio of men students 
to women, of Japanese teachers to missionary, the 
extent of libraries and the semester hours required 
per course. It is to be hoped that this material will 
be available for a later report. 

Numerous Schools 

The question naturally arises as to why there should 
be so many of these small theological schools for the 
training of ministers (or evangelists) , Bible Women 
and laymen. Since it has been reported that more than 
half, 23 out of 44, of these evangelical schools 
have been begun, or re-activated, during the last five 
years, it is apparent that there must exist dissatisfac 
tion with the previously established schools. To this 
writer the two primary reasons for this dissatisfaction 
appear to be the following. 

First, there is a deep dissatisfaction on the part of 
evangelicals with the theology of many of the older 
schools for theological training. This accounts for 
the existance of most of the evangelical schools, 
whereas the second reason to be given may throw 
light on the recent upsurge of new schools. Evan 
gelicals desire advanced training for their Christian 
leaders but they are determined that this training will 
be within the framework of historic Christianity cen- 


tered in the supernatural person and work of Christ 
and the infallible authority of Scripture. Modern 
Biblical criticism, resting on the foundation of last 
century s rationalistic higher criticism, is today the 
accepted approach to Scripture of many, if not most, 
of Japan s older theological institutions whether orient 
ed to the older liberalism or the newer neo-orthodox 
or existential theology. For this reason the majority 
of postwar evangelical missions will not consider 
sending their young, prospective leaders to these 
schools but insist on their attending evangelical schools 
upholding their view of Scripture and of Christ. 

Secondly, there is dissatisfaction in more recent 
years, on the part of some, with even sending their 
young people to the earlier postwar evangelical schools. 
The reason is different from the first but it does ex 
plain, at least in part, the recent upsurge of new 
schools. Joint inter-mission evangelical schools were 
tried after the war, and some are continuing, but the 
pendulum is now swinging away from that direction. 
The reason is the experiences many have had in 
smaller missions with special emphases, or in rural 
areas sending students to city schools, especially Tokyo, 
of having their young people turn to one of the larger 
works represented in the school, or lose their en 
thusiasm for the mission s special denominational 
emphasis, or even become critical of it, or after years 
in the city losing their interest in rural evangelism 
and church building. The result has been the more 
recent effort to educate the young people in the local 
area with the corresponding great increase of schools. 

These schools are necessarily greatly limited as to 
students, facilities (especially libraries) and faculty 
members. The question arises as to whether this 
method will work or whether in the long run it will 


not fail to reach the desired goal of providing ad 
equately trained ministers for the local churches. 
Whether there is a better method, and if so, what it 
is and how can it be made to function, is one of the 
problems in evangelical school cooperation to which 
the Japan Association of Evangelical Theological 
Schools must address itself. 


Daisy Edgerton 

Japan is one the most highly educated countries of 
the world and Christian schools have and are con 
tinuing to make a contribution in the field of Japanese 
education. In the early days when direct evangelism 
was not possible, the missionaries turned to schools 
as a means of reaching Japan s non-Christian society. 
Most of the Christian schools in Japan, except those 
established after the war by Japanese Christians, 
were started as a means of evangelism by some for 
eign mission board, and the tradional spirit of evan 
gelism is strong in these schools. The schools now 
receive only a small part of their total budget from 
mission boards and are supported almost entirely 
through tuitions from students. Most of the schools 
have rejected the term " mission school " because of 
its implication of foreign support and control, but 
they have proudly maintained the term " Christian 
sch(X)l . They continue to feel close to the boards 
that established them and to the ideals of their early 
founders. They feel that they are continuing to 
participate in ** mission ". The Christian schools 


strive for a Christian faculty ; they require Bible study ; 
and they have regular worship services and special 
evangelistic services as part of their regular curriculum. 
They also have Christian clubs and Christian con 
ferences for both faculty and students. In addition 
to this they sponsor Bible classes for parents and 
actively encourage students to attend local churches 
and participate in church activities. 


Christian educational institutions, however, have 
many problems and are continually struggling with 
these problems and trying to find solutions to them. 
Since no school can exist unless the schools attract 
students, this becomes one of the first problems for 
the Christian schools. In order to do this, most of 
the schools have recently (in the last ten years) 
rebuilt and installed new equipment in an effort to 
have at least as good facilities as those of public 
schools. Many schools have also expanded into other 
levels of education, since the " elevator" type schools 
(schools in which students move from one level to 
another without taking entrance examinations) are 
more attractive; and the schools genuinely feel that 
they have a contribution to make in these other levels 
of education. For example, in addition to statistics 
given with this article, the 1964-65 school year saw 
two junior colleges enlarge to four year colleges 
and five high schools add junior college departments. 
The majority of Christian schools are girls schools 
and girls are now getting more education than in 
the past. There has also been an increase of 
at least three elementary school departments since 


As more and more students go on to college, there 
is greater pressure on the high school to prepare 
students for passing college entrance examinations 
which calls for greater emphasis on academic teaching 
and maintaining high academic standards. This has 
caused many schools which formerly had a five day 
week to change to a five and a half day week, and 
and to teach longer hours per day. There is hope 
that some relief may come in this area with the 
institution of the new college board type of examina 
tions inaugurated in 1963. 

In spite of these efforts to attract students it is 
necessary to remember that the post-war student 
population varies from year to year and the number 
of students ready to enter a particular level of educa 
tion directly affects the number of applicants at that 
level. The years 1960 and 1961 were peak years for 
junior high schools and thus 1963 and 1964 became 
peak years for senior high schools (and 1966 and 
1967 will be the peak years for colleges). In those 
years all Christian schools had far more applicants 
than they could accept. However the year 1964 
brought a definite drop in numbers ready to enter 
junior high school. This brought a corresponding 
drop in the number of applicants to enter Christian 
schools. For example one Christian boys school 
received only 17 applicants and therefore decided not 
to have a first year class and at this point it seems 
probable that it will discontinue its junior high 
school entirely. One girls school that desired 250 
students received only 43 applications. Other schools 
gave two examinations in an effort to get the required 
number of students. This situation applies to all 
private schools, including Protestant, Catholic, Bud 
dhist and others. In fact Christian schools in Tokyo 



were still better able to attract pupils than other 
schools because of their reputation for high academic 
standards and character building. 

Another factor that must be taken into considera 
tion is that the public schools are free, and since 
junior high school has been made compulsory, the 
government has spent a great deal of money on im 
proving schools at this level. Also as the elementary 
school population decreases, the public elementary 
school teachers face the possibility of losing their 
jobs unless they can be given jobs in the public junior 
high schools. For this reason they encourage their 
students to attend public junior high schools rather 
than private schools. At last the population seems 
to have leveled off and the schools can now make 
their plans on the basis of the continuation of the 
present numbers. In making these plans they must 
remember that government junior high schools now 
have a teacher-student ratio of 1 to 49 and are com 
mitted to decreasing this ratio as fast as possible. 

Christian schools are continually criticized for being 
too large that is having too many sections per class 
and too many students per section, especially when 
Christian education is assumed to be most effective 
when it is on a personal basis. Christian university 
students are concentrated in the areas of economics 
(22,689), literature (18,146), law (8,354) , commerce 
(7,525) and engineering (4,341) with the results of 
teacher-student ratios of 1 to 65 in economics, 1 to 
35 in literature, 1 to 63 in law, 1 to 65 in commerce 
and 1 to 27 in engineering. Because of this the 
teacher-student ratio in the Christian universities is 
among the highest in Japan, while that of the Govern 
ment supported universities is among the lowest with 
the other well-known universities falling in between. 


Administrators recognize this as a problem and are 
trying to meet it in part through better and increased 
counselling programs. By admitting large numbers is the 
one way that they have of meeting their financial re 
sponsibilities. Most schools are heavily in debt for their 
buildings and equipment and must meet loan payments. 
Also there is pressure on them to constantly increase 
teachers salaries. In government schools salaries are 
continually going up. Christian schools do not keep 
pace with government schools but they cannot afford 
to stay too far behind. In one school, 90% of the 
monthly tuition fee is used for the teachers salaries 
and the entrance fee is used for paying off indebtness 
for capital improvement. Almost all schools are forced 
to increase tuitions each year. In one college, over 
the past ten years the yearly tuition fee has tripled 
but each year there is a greater gap in the actual 
amount it costs to educate a student and the amount 
of the tuition. Christian schools are aimed at the 
children of middle class people where salary increases 
have been slow. These schools will lose their signifi 
cance if they can t provide equal opportunities for all 
regardless of financial status. Few if any schools, 
have received increased grants from the mission boards. 
In 1963, Interboard related schools received 1.2% of 
their budget from the Interboard Committee, and 
from now on will be receiving an annual 10% de 
crease in grants. For a number of years the American 
Baptists have given no grants to their related schools 
for running expenses. And 1963 marked the begin 
ning of the new policy of the Anglican Church of 
giving no support for running expenses of junor-senior 
high schools. The Southern Presbyterian Board seems 
to be the only board committed to substantial support 
of schools in order to help them to be " more Chris- 


tian". This becomes particularly critical when we 
realize that teachers themselves have formed unions 
in many of the Christian schools and are working 
for higher salaries and better working conditions. 
On the other hand, 1963 saw student strikes on many 
Christian college campuses because tuition increases 
were announced. 

Prospects For Evangelism 

Quite in contrast to a few years ago, the present 
student population, including those students in Chris 
tian schools, does not offer a fertile field for evan 
gelism. According to one study, less than 10% of 
Japanese young people have any interest at all in 
religion. They are concerned with money and the 
pleasures that it can buy. The Christian schools have 
not escaped the problem of wide-spread juvenile de 
linquency brought about by this attitude. A number 
of their students have been involved in crimes of 
robbery and even murder. They are aware that they 
must work even harder so that modern Japanese 
youth will not move into the vacuum where God and 
conscience have no place. 

Christian administrators realize that this can be done 
only with a Christian faculty and it is their sincere 
goal to have an all Christian faculty. Nevertheless, 
this is one of the most difficult problems that the 
schools face. Actual statistics are not available on 
the number of Christian teachers but it seems that there 
is an average of about 60% and this varies greatly from 
school to school, from academic level to academic level, 
and from department to department. The smallest 
percentage of Christian teachers is in the universities 
and the largest percentage is in the elementary schools. 


The problem is that there are not enough academically 
qualified Christian teachers. An administrator for a 
Christian school is forced to choose between a qualified 
non-Christian or a non-qualified Christian. And the 
Christian teacher is forced to choose between a Chris 
tian school with limited academic opportunities and 
a non -Christian school with broad academic oppor 
tunities. One reason for this problem in recent years 
has been that for women at least, the teaching pro 
fession has been less popular than it once was because 
of the increased opportunities for women to go into 
the business world. As some of the " romance" of 
the business world falls off it would seem that once 
again women would be attracted to the field of teaching. 
It must also be remembered that the great emphasis 
in Japanese society in the post-war period has been 
on gaining rights and privileges and little emphasis 
on service and willingness to sacrifice. Even Christian 
young people seem to have been affected more by 
this emphasis in society than by Christian ideals. 
Many of the Christian teachers themselves seem to 
lack a sense of mission. Administrators have to take on 
the task of evangelizing non-Christian teachers, and in 
spiring higher ideals in their Christian faculty members, 
in addition to their task of providing Christian education 
for students. Christian school administrators are con 
cerned with the problem of how to reach potential 
teachers with Christianity and how to recruit teachers 
who are Christians. 

The recruitment of teachers who are Christians is 
only one area in which the schools are trying to work 
more closely with the churches. Many schools hold 
annual meetings with the pastors and church school 
teachers of the churches their students attend. For 
a number of years this has been mostly a getting 


acquainted meeting but recently there seems to be 
more effort to deal realistically with problems of 
common concern and better coordination of efforts. 
This is not such a problem in Anglican schools where 
the bishops are automatically on the school boards, 
or in the Southern Presbyterian schools where there 
seems to have been continually a close tie between 
the church and school. However it has been a big 
problem for Kyodan related schools. 

Christian Kindergartens and Nursery Schools 

According to a report in the Christian Activity 
News, April 10, 1964, the total number of kinder 
gartens and nursery schools is 8,789. Of these 1,100 
are Christian institutions, and 450 are church related 
kindergartens. The Christian institutions are con 
sidered to be effective arms of the churches in 
penetrating into the communities. These Christian 
institutions face a crisis because of their inability to 
meet newly established govenment standards for build 
ing and equipment. They also find it difficult to re 
cruit and train Christian teachers. The fact that pastors 
act as principals of these institutions, mostly for the 
benefit of supplementing their salaries, has provided 
the occasion for the Ministry of Education to conduct 
a study of the pastor-directors. 

Educational Association of Christian Schools 

The ninth All Japan University Conference con 
vened on December 6-7, 1963 with 46 representatives 
from 19 universities. The high school division 
sponsored two training courses for high school princi 
pals and assistants on September 18-20, 1963 and 


March 3-April 2, 1964 with a total attendance of 195 
from 89 schools. The elementary school division 
was also active with a teachers conference on June 
27, 1963 and an elementary school principals and 
assistants training course on February 14-15, 1964 
with 201 from 108 schools at the former conference 
and 18 from 12 schools at the latter. Summer con 
ferences were held for Bible teachers with 108 from 
63 schools, for teachers in Christian schools with 176 
from 54 schools, and a training course for office workers 
with 176 from 47 schools. Various conferences were 
held in the Kanto, Tohoku-Hokkaido, Kansai and 
Seinan districts. The General Conference of all 
divisions was held on December 23, 1963 with 103 
participants from 66 schools. 

The E.A.C.S. also was engaged in a number of 
projects. Study projects evaluating the present status 
of the Christian schools, as well as individual projects, 
were promoted. Besides the minutes of the General 
Conference of Elementary School Teachers, the 
E.A.C.S. published a monthly newspaper, " Christian 
School Education ". Indicative of the evangelistic 
concern of the schools was the collection of 875,000 
from 41 schools for the Christian medical work in 


Full Time 

Schools Number Teachers Students 

Post-Gracluate 8 U>82 

Universities 20 1,762 70,773 

Junior Colleges 34 827 13,485 

Senior High Schools 80 2,020 59,961 

Junior High Schools 67 1,304 36,051 

Elementary Schools _17_ 223 4,977 

Total 226 6,136 186,329 


United Church of Christ Southern Baptist 

(Kyodan) 53 Friends 

Episcopal 10 Church of Christ 

Southern Presbyterian Missouri Lutheran 

Evangelical Lutheran :* Free Methodist 

American Baptist 4 Other (I.C.U.) 


Christian education in Japan in some ways is the 
model of the East. To some of its schools Christians 
from other Asian countries come to study, and Japa 
nese professors can be found teaching in theological 
schools outside of Japan. In spite of the high quality 
of Christian education, it is continually necessary to 
re-examine the fundamental educational philosophy, 
policy, and program. In addition to the questions 
already raised in the foregoing pages, a few more 
demand consideration. 

Do church schools exist to convey the Gospel or 
do they merely corner the children for an hour in 
some formless activity ? Do theological schools re 
cognize their responsibility of training pastors who 
not only can communicate the Gospel in words and 
forms which the ordinary person can understand, but 
who also can lead the church educational program ? 
One theological school, until recently, had one course 
in Christian education and that one was an elective ! 
Closely connected is the problem of academic versus 
practical theological training. In spite of the encourag 
ing changes in curriculum and program, there is need 
for a settlement in which the two emphases are 
combined to produce a scholarly pastor-evangelist. 

Regarding higher education, has the relationship of 


Christianity to the curriculum being taught received 
adequate attention in developing a theology of Christian 
education which can be articulated in the classroom ? 
Since education in Japan is greatly influenced by the 
West, it would seem relevant and applicable to en 
courage further study of the problem with the grow 
ing number of western scholars who are developing 
a theology of education. 

These and many more questions face the Christian 
educators. The problems in a highly organized tech 
nological society are many ; new challenges must be 
met each day. However, with firm determination to 
pursue quality and a willingness to be lead by the 
Spirit of God, the schools can face the future with 
growing confidence. 


Edit., Gordon Chapman 


George Hays 

Probably no country in the world has undergone 
more radical changes in the past twenty years than 
Japan. With the defeat in the Pacific War came the 
collapse of her social hierarchy, the disestablishment 
of her State religion, and fearful disillusionment con 
cerning her own destiny. To a degree the social 
structure has been restored, even in the midst of a 
heavy dose of democratization from the outside. A 
culture as old and as inborn as that of this nation 
could not be summarily cast aside and forgotten. 
With remarkable resilience old patterns and ways 
persist so that culturally Japan is still a complex web 
of relationships borne out of an admixture of the 
Shinto outlook on life, Buddhist philosophy, Confucian 
ethics, and sealed with the stamp of Japanese in 
genuity. The nation is in a period of transition in 
which old loyalties, customs and thought patterns are 
being called in question and in some instances discard 
ed, particularly by the younger generation. Still there 
is constant reference to the cultural heritage and this 
is what one would expect. The old and the new 
exist side by side with no thought of incongruity. 
As a popular English language radio program says of 
Tokyo, "One can turn the corner and the present 
becomes the past." 


Urbanization of Japanese Life 

One of the most evident areas of transition is seen 
in the rapid urbanization created by the expanding 
industrial economy of the nation. To feed the indus 
trial machines the farmers, in particular farm youth, 
are flocking to the cities. The farm population has 
greatly decreased in the past ten years. In the cities 
the pattern of housing is changing from the single 
dwelling with the shop either over or behind to the 
mushrooming apartment houses. This has brought 
about a breakdown of the larger family unit whereby 
the grandparents made their home with the sons and 
daughters. Consequently, filial piety has been strained, 
religious ties have been weakened, time honored cus 
toms are observed only nominally and there is notice 
ably less respect for ancestors on the part of the 
younger generation. 

Young people coming to the cities lose their stability 
in the absence of parental or community supervision. 
Often they become lost in the maze of the industrial 
city. With no moral roots or fibre there is a growing 
problem of juvenile delinquency. Democracy has 
brought new freedom but this liberty has been taken 
for license by many young people. 

City families especially have their problems of 
discipline of children. Since the schools do not teach 
courses in ethics, as required in prewar Japan, the 
responsibility of moral training is left almost entirely 
with the family (where it primarily belongs) but 
modern Japanese families are not prepared for this 
responsibility. Juvenile crimes even among middle 
and upper class families are not uncommon, a phe 
nomenon rare in prewar Japan because of the com 
bination of discipline by the home, the school and the 


community, and the shame emphasis at every level. 

Current Mood and Response of Japanese Youth 

Western culture continues to have tremendous in 
fluence though in general Japanese are becoming 
more critical of foreign institutions and thought. This 
follows the pattern of previous generations. Greater 
movement of Japanese abroad and increased emphasis 
upon tourism cause greater commingling of the cultures. 
The student exchange programs of the universities, 
preparation for the Olympic Games and the desire to 
be fully restored to the family of nations are evidences 
of deliberate attempts at cultural exchange in spite of 
the dangers involved. The main result has been an 
accelerated secularism, particularly among the youth 
and more particularly in the urban areas. 

Having said all of this one sees evidences on every 
hand of spiritual unrest, of rootless individuals and 
families, of disillusioned persons. One striking evi 
dence is the phenomenal growth of the new religions 
in the postwar years. Elsewhere in this volume will 
be found elaboration of this phenomenon. Suffice it 
to say here that Japan s millions are in spiritual need, 
many are diligently searching for the answers to life s 
complex problems, and others are ready to grab at 
any rope thrown to them for salvation. 

The Gospel is proclaimed against this cultural and 
social background. In a sense the radical changes 
during the past twenty years have created the soil 
and the climate in which the response to the Gospel 
has had its most significant expression in the history 
Christian Missions in Japan. Out of the displaced, 
disillusioned, rootless, searching youth have come 
most of the converts of the past two decades. Where 


the religious and cultural ties have grown the weakest 
have come the most serious response. Naturally, 
there are some notable exceptions but by and large 
the harvest has been gleaned from the youth whose 
roots were shallow. The immediate postwar years 
saw an eager, almost desperate, response to evangelistic 
appeals. Generally speaking, approximately ten percent 
followed through to baptism and active membership 
in the churches. Today the response is not as great 
in number but the percentage of those who follow 
through is higher. Some have observed that those 
who do respond are more mature and stable than the 
average in former years. 

Evangelistic Concern 

There is a continuing and growing concern for evange 
lism among both pastors and missionaries and among 
the laity. While there are some who appear to be 
complacent and willing to let the people come to them, 
many Japanese Christians are not satisfied with tke 
pace of reception of the Christian faith. After more 
than a century of Protestant work only about one 
half of one percent of the population are baptized 
members of the Protestant churches. Variously esti 
mated, since no rolls are kept, several hundred thou 
sand more have been attracted to the Christian faith 
in the non-Church movement. Still many more have 
been influenced by Christian ethical principles. In any 
event the rate of increase is not keeping up with the 
rate of increase of the population. 

One characteristic of the Japanese Church continues 
to puzzle the western observer. This is the size of 
the majority of local churches, usually from forty to 
sixty members with an average attendance in the 


morning worship service (the service emphasized the 
most and most faithfully attended) of forty-one for 
United Church churches and slightly more for some 
smaller groups. The "number barrier" has become 
almost a complex. Some pastors claim they can take 
care of only fifty members and therefore are not 
interested in a larger congregation. Because the 
congregations have traditionally been pastor center 
ed groups there is no incentive to go beyond. With 
rising costs of living it is becoming more and more 
difficult for local churches to support a pastor and his 
family when their numbers are small. Consequently, 
the result is dependence on subsidies or the pastor is 
forced to supplement his income with outside work. 
The problem is really one of evangelism, a vision of 
a much more extensive ministry, with increased use 
lay men and women. Some churches have pioneer 
ed in home meetings, a teaching ministry in the 
hurch School, and an intensive program of visitation 
ave gone beyond the number barrier. Pro- 
e pastoral leadership, evangelistic preaching and 
a warm hearted congregation are essential ingredients 
ot this enlarged ministry. 

There is no dearth of methods and programs of 
igehsm in Japan. Almost every conceivable meth- 
been tried at one time or place. The catalogue 
-ides the following: mass evangelism including 
tent meetings, street preaching, etc. ; mass 
lumcations evangelism including radio, television 
vspaper or ad-vangelism, Christian literature of all 
>, especially tract distribution, use of audio visual 
s etc. ; and evangelism variously designated as 
ation, medical, child, labor, rural, student, person 
al, music, visitation, lay, church centered, etc. 


United Church of Christ Ten Year Plan 

During 1963 there were a number of programs and 
methods that have proved to be significant and worth 
special mention here. The United Church s Ten Year 
Plan of Evangelism was midway in its preparatory 
first stage in 1963. The plan has two main emphases : 
renewal of the church and larger parish evangelism. 
The latter concept moves in the direction of carrying 
out a "long range evangelistic plan through one church 
in a definite area or through the co-operation of 
several churches." It deemphasizes "the old plan of 
evangelism, centered in each local church." The Ten 
Year Plan is a thoroughly comprehensive program 
designed to lay the responsibility of evangelism on the 
initiative of each church and on the Kyoku (district 
organizational division) . A detailed Evangelism Com 
mittee Handbook became available in March 1963. 

L-Type Evangelism* 

This plan, inaugurated by Dr. Lawrence Lacour, 
and now operated under Kyodan auspices, provides 
for an annual visitation of a team of ministers from 
the United States and Canada during the summer 
months. In 1963 the team consisted of fourteen minis 
ters and seven wives. They were assigned to fifteen 
evangelistic centers throughout Hokkaido, where for 
a period of 50 days they lived in Japanese style, being 
accommodated in the homes of pastors, lay people 
and Japanese inns, with each accompanied by a suita 
ble interpreter. Many of the churches were located 
in depressed mining areas where there was much e- 
conomic and spiritual distress among the people 
affected. By the end of the summer church attendance 


was doubled, there were 22 baptisms, 121 under prepa 
ration for baptism, 897 seekers who had come forward 
in the meetings, and local churches were blessed with 
other fruitful results, especially with new evangelistic 

Evangelistic Campaigns and Crusades 

One of the most massive and extensive evangelistic 
campaigns of the postwar period was the Japan Baptist 
Convention s New Life Movement in the spring of 
1963. Much of the organizational format and purpose 
was delineated in the 1963 volume of the Christian 
Year Book and the campaign itself is treated in Section 
II of the 1964 volume in connection with the report of 
the Baptist Churches. This campaign was unique in 
that it involved the active participation of at least six 
hundred ministers and laymen from the United States 
who came to Japan at their own expense to give their 
Christian witness. 

Mention should also be made of the inter-denomi 
national city-wide evangelist crusade efforts of the 
Rev. Koji Honda and his associates, which have been 
held in many of the Japanese cities. Through these 
mass meetings, held in the largest auditoriums availa 
ble, the unsaved have received a Christian witness 
and new converts have been added to the churches, 
which have cooperated in the systematic follow-up. 
All churches and pastors are invited to participate on 
condition that they accept "the Bible as the fully 
inspired infallible Word of God, the only rule of faith 
and practice". Such interdenominational mass evange 
lism demonstrates the essential unity of the churches, 
contributes to closer Christian fellowship, and enlists 
laymen in a more active Gospel witness. 


Not only public auditoriums but large tents are used 
for pioneer mass evangelism, especially in the rural 
area where there are 45,000 villages with little Chris 
tian witness. A tested technique is to invite the 
children of the village for a special meeting from 
about four to five o clock in the afternoon. When 
the children are sent home they take Gospel tracts 
and invitations to evening meetings for adults only or 
for high school young people. A clean, white, well- 
lighted tent in the summertime is an invitation to 
many to forsake their TV sets, get out into the 
fresh air, and hear about the Christian faith for the 
first time. 

Literature and Ad-vangelism 

Because of Japan s high rate of literacy, the wide 
spread distribution of Christian literature is an effective 
method of seed sowing evangelism, not to mention 
the nurture of believers in the faith. For example, 
the Every Home Crusade which aims to give suitable 
Gospel tracts to every family in Japan, has completed 
70% of the second phase of v this program, which has 
enlisted the cooperation of the churches. This has 
involved the distribution of 36 million items. Re 
sponses have averaged one thousand a month and have 
totaled about 90 thousand to date. Those who re 
spond are given further Christian guidance through 
literature and are enrolled in a Bible correspondence 
course. Each seeker is introduced to a suitable church 
and the pastor is urged to make a personal contact. 

Newspaper or Ad-rangelism has for many years been 
a fruitful medium for the introduction of the Gospel 
to Japanese homes. The Gospel -acl in a newspaper 
repeatedly calls the attention of the readers to the 


Gospel message. Interested inquirers are encouraged 
to communicate with Christian workers, who are 
glad to answer their questions, furnish them with 
literature suited to their needs, enroll them in corre 
spondence Bible study, and introduce each to the 
nearest church. 

Olympics Evangelism 

For the first time in the history of Olympic com 
petition an Asian city has been chosen as the site of 
an Olympiad. The Japanese nation has not taken 
this responsibility lightly and Tokyo has engaged in 
massive building operations in order to be fully prepar 
ed for this great event. The Christian churches have 
also been mindful of their responsibility and plans 
are under way to provide adequate worship opportuni 
ties for the many foreign guests, and services in a 
number of foreign languages will be available in 
various local churches, where special evangelistic servi 
ces will also be held. 

The various Christian agencies are also preparing to 
buy up the evangelistic opportunity which the occasion 
will afford. Publishers of Christian literature are 
making elaborate plans to publish suitable Scripture 
portions and tracts for widespread distribution. For 
example, twenty four laymen of one group are coming 
from the U. S. to conduct an "Olympic Crusade", 
equipped with 2 million Japanese tracts and gospels. 
It is estimated that a total of at least 20 million tracts 
and gospels are being printed for distribution in Japan 
at the time of the Olympiad. 

Evangelist Koji Honda will conduct an Olympic 
Crusade in Tokyo, September 7-11, 1964. This is 
only one of a number of evangelistic campaigns which 


are being conducted during this year. 

The Layman as Evangelist 

Probably no more significant development can be 
cited than the emphasis upon training and using the 
laymen in evangelism. Churches are discovering two 
important things about their ministry. One is that 
the number of people who voluntarily come to the 
church is small. In the second place if the church 
is to reach any person he must be reached where he 
lives or where he works. Moreover, the laymen of 
the church need the spiritual experience and blessing 
of witnessing in their occupations. One missionary 
evangelist, a Navigator, (Hugh Harris), who has 
had an effective ministry in this area writes : "Japan 
has taken her place as a leading nation in the 
world of trade and manufacturing. It is the busi 
ness man who is to a large extent responsible for 
the realization of the phenomenal change which has 
come about in the postwar years. Caught up in the 
desperate world of business pressure and compromise 
the average man, whether executive, office worker, 
or factory hand, has little time to give serious thought 
to God or things spiritual. Baffled at the church s 
seeming preoccupation with theology and philosophy, 
the man in business finds little help for his personal 
problems. So across the lunch table, in the coffee 
shop, at the office or factory, in the home, we seek 
to present Jesus Christ as the one redeeming, 
unchangeable factor in a world of change and flux. 
Through personal contact and in small group fellow 
ships Christians are encouraged to demonstrate the 
reality and relevancy of Jesus to the needs of man. 
Opportunities for ministry are created either with in- 


dividuals or on the group level, thus giving the 
Christian a chance to express his faith in practical 
terms to those who may be interested and seeking." 

Closely allied with the foregoing is the increasing 
witness of layman in industry. One who has had 
deep concern and wide experience in this field writes 
as follows: "The basic principle in evangelism in 
this area is that it is the Christian, in the factory, 
in the housing project, in the bank or office, in the 
railway workers or any other union, that is the evangel 
ist, he who shows forth the joy that is in him for 
knowing Jesus Christ as his Lord and Saviour. 

It is on this principle that the numerous Bible 
Classes or Study Groups meet every week in factories 
and offices all over the land. Christian business men 
meet for week-day prayer sessions ; Christians in 
specific work situations meet together for encourage 
ment in making their witness in difficult places, as 
for example, Christians in labor union leadership 
positions, Christians who are numbers of the Diet, 
Christians in public school teaching, etc. However, 
the evangelism that is most effective and permanent 
is that which contributes to the establishment of active 
local churches. A new Christian requires the fellow 
ship of his brothers and sisters in Christ and all 
Christians need the warmth and encouragement of 
their colleagues for their own growth, for witness 
and for the building up of the Body of Christ. 

Developments in Training for Evangelism 
Child Evangelism Institute 

Capitalizing on the fact that 60% of the world s 
converts are children, with 30% adolescents and only 
10% adults, the Japan Child Evangelism Fellow 


ship, as elsewhere, has taken the lead in the promo 
tion of this kind of evangelism. The new Child 
Evangelism Institute gives training in How to evangel 
ize children. . . . how to teach others to evangelize 
children. . . . and how to organize and supervise the 
over-all program of evangelism of children on the 
local field." A new program called "The Weekday 
Home Bible Class Movement" provides an opportunity 
for active Christians to have a part in evangelizing 
children by opening their homes and teaching in 
neighborhood classes. Such home classes "Provide 
an informal environment and effectively bridge the 
gulf of parental indifference while escaping the barrier 
of religions prejudice". Unchurched are directed into 
nearby Sunday Schools. Through the child, entrance 
is often gained into the heart and home of parents. 
In fact the child s own witness often results in bring 
ing the parents to Christ. 

Evangelism Seminars 

The 2 nd Annual All-Japan Evangelism Seminar 
was held for three days at the Kobe Central Church, 
October 8 to 10, 1963, with 300 workers of various 
denominations in attendance. Some 25 speakers direct 
ed the consideration of the various phases of evange 
lism. The next seminar will be the "Asian Congress 
on Evangelism" held in connection with the Tokyo 
Olympic Crusade, September 5-13 in the Bunkyo Ku 





Willam Hulet 

Mass communication in Japan via airways is of such 
extreme importance that the Government maintains 
strict control of the approvals for transmitting facilities. 
Though the individual programs may vary greatly 
both in content and in degree of technical excellence 
of preparation, the government allows the Commercial 
Station management great latitude in their use of 
material. Thus while Christian Broadcasting by Chris 
tian agencies is not easily financed the door is open 
to a broad use of contracted time on commercial Sta 

Total religious broadcasts include Protestant, Ca 
tholic, Buddhist, New Religions and Shinto. The 
chart below indicates the percentage of the total re 
ligious broadcast week used by these five groups. 
From this it is 
quite obvious that 
the major portion 
of the religious 
broadcast week is 
being used by the 
Christian forces. 
There are at least 
nineteen sponsors 
for the Protestant 
broadcasts. These 
are widely repre 
sentative of the 

Shinto 2: 35 hours 3.15?s 


various church and mission agencies in Japan at this 
time. Some of these have plans to increase their out 
lets during at least a part of the Olympic year. 

Protestant broadcasts can be heard in some measure 
in all areas of Japan. The direct Gospel presentation 
as used by Rev. Akira Hitori in the programs Yo No 
Hikari and Ikoi No Mado have brought in excellent 
responses. The 1963 count by Pacific Broadcasting 
Association reveals that these two programs average 
309 new contacts per month. These programs are on 
88 of Japan s commercial stations. 

Christian drama presentations vary from Biblical 
accounts to those based on life testimonies of Japanese 
Christians. The Luthern Center and AVACO major 
in this format for programs. Mr. Mathew Ogawa of 
AVACO writes, "Ever since the program ulitizing 
the real testimony of Christians was produced the re 
sponse has increased greatly." They receive approxi 
mately 1,500 mail responses per month to this type of 

Spanning Japan from HOREMCO in Hokkaido, a 
young aggressive organization, to the Reformed Church 
in Fukuoka, an established well organized broadcast 
ministry, there is the use of multiple plans for effective 
follow-up. Pastoral calls, Gospel portions, corre 
spondence study courses, circulating library books, are 
but a few of the diverse forms of follow-up which 
are proving most successful. 

The Luthern Hour, with a long background of thir 
teen years experience in Japan, gives valuable illustra 
tion of the effectiveness of broadcasts when combined 
with adequate follow-up. The first broadcast brought 
responses from 35 listeners but now thirteen years 
later each broadcast averages more than 750 requests 
for the Bible Correspondence Course, 1954 marked 


a new development with the offering of a Braille 
edition of the Bible Course, with more than 5,000 
having studied of Christ during the past decade. The 
records of the thirteen years further reveal that more 
than 400,000 have studied the Correspondence 
Course with 40,000 having completed the entire course. 
This broadcast has distributed more than 90,000 New 

Challenging also is the report of Rev. James A. 
McAlpine of the Japan Mission of the Presbyterian 
Church in the US. This program which started in 
late 1952 and is aired weekly has definite reported 
baptisms equal to the membership of from 3 to 4 
average size churches in Japan! In addition there are 
many hearers who have affiliated themselves with 
other Christian groups. 

A special audience program which has had an ex 
cellent response is called "Children of Light" and is 1 
directed to children. Produced by P. B. A. this 
program has used a childrens choir and an appeal 
for the Children to enroll in a special Bible course. 

The use of basic program content with plugs" to 
attract local attention and interest is used widely. P. 
B. A. thus produces a basic package program for a 
number of sponsors over the Nation. The addition 
of the local announcements, and contact points, enables 
various sponsors to have a local broadcast of high 
program standards with a minimum of expense. 

The actual securing of radio time, advantageous 
hours, and the Public Relations involved in such tran- 
sations is another arm of the PBA activity. Their 
work in this area not only aids in the procurement of 
contracts for time, but also may enable the broadcaster 
to secure a reduced price for air time. 

The Far East Broadcasting Company receives, in 


their Tokyo office, almost all the Japanese language 
programs and airs them across the Nation via short 
wave each evening. The major audience for these 
broadcasts is among the University group. Propaga 
tion effectiveness through shortwave radio channels 
varies greatly with the atmospheric changes. How 
ever, there has been a consistently excellent reception 
of these Japanese language programs in Brazil. Thus 
the radio Broadcasting departments of the various 
groups in Japan are actually sending the message of 
Christ around the world. These programs are also 
relayed to Okinawa where they are aired over K. S. 
D. X., the Far East Broadcasting Company Japanese 
language station. 

Television has not been as much exploited as the 
radio. AVACO and P. B. A. have worked on the 
basis of special seasonal or series telecasts such as 
AVACO s Christmas Eve Candle Service. Fifteen of 
the 53 telecasts on the "Religious Hour were broad 
cast by AVACO. These have consistently brought a 
larger audience response than has radio in the same 
area of audience potential. Yet it should be under 
stood that frequently the "mail pull" on TV has been 
of a more attractive type than that used on radio. 
Telecasts have not as yet been as consistent in use as 
the radio. The actual figures do show that the re 
sponse to TV so far in 1964 has been substantially 
better than in 1963. 

The Broadcasting field has another valuable associ 
ated ministry. The use of records both for teaching 
and for quality music has been increasingly developed 
during the past fiscal year. The Pacific Broadcasting 
Association has established a department for "Hikari 
Records which has distributed 3,500 records in one 
year. The Ilikari records are provided by Gospel 


Recordings, Inc. They play seven minutes to a side 
and include music, personal testimony, and a message 
by Rev. Akira Hatori in the series of three records. 

The International Family Records organization 
which is represented by Far East Broadcasting Com 
pany has produced an LP record of Christian Music 
utilizing a Japanese Conductor working with Japanese 
arrangers and artists. This record is having an ex 
cellent reception. 

Audio-visual Evangelism 

Such agencies as AVACO, the New Life League, 
and TEAM-AVID are also engaged in the production 
and distribution of audio-visual aid materials which 
are widely used in the churches of Japan. Such 
materials as Christian movie films, slides, filmstrips, 
tapes, "kamishibai" (picture story cards), flannelgraph 
materials and so on are available for rental or sale ; 
with projection equipment available for loan to church 
es and other Christian institutions. AVACO also 
conducts workshops and seminars for the training of 
people in the various aspects of the production and 
use of audio-visual aids as an important adjunct of 
religious education and evangelism. This training 
program includes the publication of manuals which 
explain the use of AV materials in church school 
teaching and evangelism. More than 3,000 copies 
were sold in 1963. During the year, AVACO expand 
ed its services to other Asian countries, with the Asia 
office, located in the AVACO building, processing 
the many orders for audiovisual aids and equipment. 

Some additional account of evangelistic activities 
in Japan will be found in other articles of the Japan 
Christian Year Book. 


Chuzo Yamada 

World War II has had a very deep effect upon 
the sending of people out from Japan to other Asian 
countries. First of all, Japan was considered an 
enemy country and missionaries had not heen readily 
welcomed. Secondly, militarism and the war had 
its effect upon the strength of the church within 
Japan. Thirdly, the economy of Japan has been such 
that it was difficult to send anyone out of the country. 
But now these situations have changed. 

Through the assistance of the East Asia Christian 
Conference, the individual churches of the Asian 
nations have become aware of each other and of the 
common problems which they face. National political 
differences have improved considerably since the end 
of the war. Also the church in Japan even though 
it is not yet large, has been considerably strengthened 
as compared with its prewar condition. Therefore 
we are moving into a new age of possibilities. 

Requests have come from churches in Asia to the 
church in Japan asking for personal assistance. Some 
missionaries have already been sent out from Japan. 
However in all fairness we must say that the church 
in Japan does not yet have the deep soul winning 
passion, or the thoroughgoing spirit of self sacrifice 
desirable in a mission-minded cnurch. 

United Church of Christ in Japan s Commission of Over 
seas Evangelism 

Within the framework of the United Church this 


Commission has just recently achieved its present 
status. At first its policy was to meet the requests 
to undertake evangelism among Japanese overseas 
residents. However, now this situation has changed, 
and the Commission endeavors to send missionaries 
wherever there is a need expressed, regardless of 
denomination, or national origin. 

1. During the past year the chairman of this Com 
mission, Gosaku Okada, has made trips to Okinawa, 
Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Thailand. This represents 
a very significant development in the work of the 

2. March 8-11, 1963, eighty-five Christian leaders 
of Asia met for four days at the Baptist conference 
center, Amagisan-so, under the auspices of the East 
Asia Christian Council to discuss the problems of 
East Asia and means for better co-ordination of the 
activities of Christian churches and other agencies. 
During this Conference, a representative of the Presby 
terian Church of Taiwan met with the Commission 
and the possibility of mutual assistance was discussed. 
An agreement was drawn up regarding the possibil 
ities of exchange of personnel and this agreement has 
been approved by the General Assembly of the Taiwan 

3. During the past year three new missionaries 
have been sent from Japan. 

a. The Rev. and Mrs. Hiraku Iwai have been 
sent to a congregation of the United Church 
of Canada at Alberta in May, 1963. 

b. Miss Nobuko Minami has been sent to 
Kenya, Africa to teach in a Kindergarten 
Training School for one year. She is the 
head of the Hokuriku Girls School Kinder 
garten Training Department. 


c. The Rev. and Mrs. Kunichi Hanamori have 
been sent to Bolivia in South America. 
They go with the object of doing evange 
lism and establishing a school among the 
Okinawan emigrants there. They left Japan 
in February of 1964. 

4. Three missionaries have completed their as 
signments and have returned to Japan. 

a. Mr. Kenzo Yoshida has returned from Alla 
habad, India where he has been teaching 
in the Agricultural Institute for the past 
three years. 

b. The Rev. and Mrs. Masaaki Nakajima have 
returned from Westfield Presbyterian Church 
New Jersey, USA, where he served as as 
sociate pastor. 

c. The Rev. Kaoru Yamashiro has been in 
Okinawa for the past three years as a 
pastor of a congregation. 

This leaves some fifteen pastors and theological 
teachers still serving overseas. 

5. As a part of the work of this Commission 
students from Korea have received scholarships to 
study to Japan. 

6. 3,947,733 was contributed for the overseas 
mission in 1963. 

The Japan Evangelical Lutheran Church 

For the first time in its history the Lutheran Church 
in Japan is sending a missionary from its ranks to a 
foreign country. An Overseas Kvangelism Committee 
had been established in 1964 by the church with a 
view to projecting a ten year program. 

a. The Rev. and Mrs. Hiroshi Fujii left Japan 


in June of 1964 for Brazil. They will serve 
as evangelistic missionaries under the Lu 
theran Church in Brazil. Though they will 
undoubtedly work among Japanese emi 
grants they will not confine their efforts to 
this people alone. 

It is the plan of the Lutheran Church to send three 
more missionary families to Brazil over the next ten 

Japan Baptist Convention 

Following many years of prayer and preparation 
the Japan Baptist Convention officially determined at 
its 1963 Annual Convention to undertake its second 
venture in overseas mission, the first being Okinawa. 
The Rev. and Mrs. Nobuyoshi Togami were appointed 
for service in Brazil, and after further education in 
the United States will be located at Sao Paulo. 

Baptist Union Hong Kong Conference 

The Hong Kong World Conference of Mission of 
the Baptist Union, sponsored by the American Board, 
was held in Hong Kong from December 26, 1963 to 
January 7, 1964. There were 59 participants from 
11 places including North and South India, Japan, 
Okinawa, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Thailand and 
West Congo. From Japan seven persons, of whom 
five were delegates and two observers, were pre 
sent at the assembly. They were the Rev. Masa- 
yuki Sawano, General Secretary of the Union, the 
Rev. Noah Brannen, missionary and field secretary, 
the Rev. Hisayoshi Saito, chairman of the Executive 
Board, the Rev. Yoshio Taisho, Chairman of the 
Youth Division, Mrs. Ayako Hino, Chairman for 


Asia and Vice-Chairman of the Assembly, and the 
two observers. 

At the conference the Reverend Mr. Saito gave his 
witness in a talk on, "How can we show our faith 
to the people in the world." 

The Japan Christian Medical Association 

This is an inter-denominational organization. It was 
begun shortly after World War II by Christian doctors 
and nurses who wished to aid the peoples in Southeast 
Asia. Since that time it has been sending medical 
doctors and nurses to countries where they have been 
needed. It has also been offering the opportunity for 
East Asian doctors to receive a scholarship for study 
for a period of up to one year. At present it has 
twelve doctors and nurses altogether in the Philippines, 
Nepal, Indonesia and Taiwan. 

a. Dr. Kyuya Tamura has been sent to Indo 
nesia to assist in a hospital there. 

b. Dr. Noboru Nomura has recently returned 
to Japan. He intends to resign his position 
in the University here and return on a 
permanent basis to Nepal. 

In the past year Japanese doctors in Taiwan joined 
together with Taiwanese doctors to carry out an itiner 
ant medical mission. They went into remote areas 
in order to give medical examination and treatment 
to local residents without such facilities. 

Association for Relief of Leprosy in Asia 

The rather newly organized Japan Leprosy Mission 
has taken for its first project the raising of fifty 
million yen ($ 140,000) for the erection of a hospital 
in Northern India ; for which purpose the Telipars 


Cooperative Farm Society has donated 400 acres of 
land. Starting as a clinic this is being developed 
into a 100 bed hospital, equipped to handle a thousand 
out-patients a day. 

The association also hopes to extend aid to other 
Asian countries, including Burma, Pakistan, Indonesia 
and Thailand. A goal of 150 million yen has been 
set to be raised in three years through public donations. 

The central figure in this medical mission enterprise 
is Dr. Matsunori Miyazaki, a member of the Kyodan 
Shirakawa Church in Kumamoto ; a city long associ 
ated with the home for lepers established by Miss 
H. Riddell of the Anglican Church. 

Overseas Work of Other Japanese Societies 

The World Service Program of the Y. M. C. A. 
provides for the exchange of workers between coun 
tries. Three secretaries have been sent abroad by the 
Japan, "Y", including Kazuo Yamada who went to 
Peru in 1963 as a fraternal secretary. 

Japanese Evangelical Overseas Mission is an inter- 
church agency which has been acting in a liaison 
capacity in the sending of itinerant evangelists to such 
countries as Formosa, the Philippines, Australia and 
New Zealand. It is apparently not the purpose of 
this group to establish permanent missions in other 
countries. Reiji Oyama was sent to Korea in De 
cember of 1963 and remained there for one month. 
Miss Hisako Hotta was sent to Formosa in May of 
1964 as an evangelist. Oftentimes missionaries have 
gone forth in order to foster better fraternal relations 
between Asiatic churches. 

The Japan Alliance Church has been supporting a 
lady missionary, Miss Mitsuko Ninomiya, in Brazil dur- 


ing the past five years. She is carrying on work both for 
Brazilians and Japanese immigrants, and has been in 
strumental in establishing churches and a school for 
Brazilian children. A recent graduate of the Alliance 
Bible School, will join her this year. 

The Japan Holiness Church, with which the Ori 
ental Missionary Society is affiliated, has been support 
ing four missionaries, a couple and two single women, 
for work in Okinawa and Brazil. 

The Immanuel General Mission has sent three 
students to the Yeotmal Biblical Seminary (Wesleyan 
Mission) , two for the full course, in order to quicken 
their interest and enthusiasm for missionary work. 
They have actually engaged in evangelistic work dur 
ing their spare time, and it is hoped that they will 
later accept permanent assignments in this land. 

The Evangelical Free Church of Japan has sent 
Miss Sumie Yokouchi to Malaysia as an evangelist, 
and also have a worker in Okinawa. 

The Pacific Broadcasting Association has furnished 
two Japanese radio specialists for the great Latin- 
American station at Quito, Ecuador, which is operated 
by the World Radio Missionary Fellowship. 

A Chinese Mission in Formosa is utilizing the 
services of Miss Toshiko Suzuki as an evangelist 
among Japanese speaking people, although her support 
comes from churches in Japan. She will soon be 
joined by Miss Keiko Kobayashi. Both are graduates 
of the Japan Christian College, from which four mis 
sionaries have gone out in recent years. 

It is reliably reported that move than fifty Japanese 
missionaries are now serving overseas. This does not 
include those who are serving under the auspices of 
mission boards of Western churches. 


According to reliable estimates, Japan has more 
publishers, and the amount of printed matter produced 
is greater than any nation in the world. Indeed, Japan 
ranks very high in the number of books and magazines 
produced and boasts newspapers with the largest circu 
lation in the world. Such prodigious literary produc 
tion is based on a high degree of literacy and a very 
avid reading public. Thus Christian literature is al 
ways in keen competition, not only with a great variety 
of general publications, but especially with those of 
numerous religious sects. Furthermore, if Christian 
books, periodicals and tracts are to appeal to the a- 
verage reader, they must conform to high standards 
of literary quality and format. 

By and large, the Japanese people are conservative 
in nature, quite unobtrusive and prone to utilize the 
indirect approach. Thus they are not so readily re 
sponsive to the Western type of direct and open ap 
peal. Communists and other subversive propagandists 
have taken advantage of this fact and utilize the printed 
page far more than more direct methods. It is for 
this reason, too, that Christian literature of high qua 
lity has strategic importance in Japan. Indeed, it is 
the chief instrument of evangelism and Christian nur 
ture or Church building. As Christian publishers seek 
to expand the circulation of the various types of litera 
ture, they are confronted with the sharp rise in pro 
duction costs, such as for typesetting, printing, paper 
and binding, which have contributed to an increase 
in the price of books. Thus as long as the reading 


public is somewhat limited, with considerable free 
distribution in connection with evangelistic efforts, 
subsidies from abroad will have to be continued. 

The following reports of the Christian Publishers 
Association and the Evangelical Publishers and Distri 
bution Fellowship give the main facts of Christian 
publication in Japan during 1963. 


Shiro Aoyania 

There are six major Christian publishers in Japan 
associated with the Christian Publishers Association 
(Kirisutokyo Kyoryoku Kai) , which had its beginning 
within the NCC. During 1963, these six publishers 
report a total of 128 new titles printed and 191 reprint 
editions, approximately the same as for 1962 when 
137 new titles and 169 reprints were reported. 

The largest publishing program among Christian pub 
lishers, in terms of the number of titles released, was 
that of the Protestant Publishing Company which re 
corded 35 new titles and 72 reprints in 1963, compared 
with 37 new and 84 reprint editions during 1962. The 
other five publishers report the following totals for 1963 
(1962 figures in brackets) : 

New Titles Reprints 

Nihon Kirisuto Kyodan 33 (32) 60 (52) 

Kyo Bun Kan 22 (32) 18 (14) 

Seibun Sha (Lutheran) 17 (17) 10 (7) 

Kirisuto Shimbun Sha 17 (18) 3 (4) 

Y. M. C. A. 5 (1) 15 (8) 

It is significant to note that these titles ran to a 


total of approximately 460,000 books, both in 1963 
and in 1962, not including the NK Kyodan s Sambika 
(Hymnal) which totals about 130,000 volumes 

Among the most outstanding titles published by 
these six publishers in recent months have been : 

The Works of John Calvin 
The Works of Toyohiko Kagawa 
An Encyclopedia of Christianity 
The Writings of Uchimura Kanzo 
The Works of John Wesley 
The Works of Martin Luther 

That such significant reference works as these have 
been produced recently in Japanese is one of the especial 
ly notable features of Christian publishing. This indi 
cates, as well, that rather than seeking some new 
theology or new pattern of thought the Church of 
Japan is calling for basic works to meet its needs. 

As a general pattern, Bible Reference Works and 
commentaries have been well received, but along with 
them it is noteworthy that books on prayer have been 
widely called for too. 

Another outstanding feature of Christian publishing 
in Japan has been the increased appearance of con 
venient, pocket-size publications in the popular " shin- 
sho ban " size. Aside from the major works published, 
a majority of other titles would fall into this category. 
It is reported that the Protestant Publishing Com 
pany s " Shinkyo Shinsho " series will soon be brought 
up to 100 titles. 

We wonder if it is not the great influence of the 
weekly magazines, television and radio, with their 
convenience and ready accessibility, which has created 
this considerable appetite for convenient reading ma 


The Japan Bible Society saw its most successful 
year in 1963, with 3,117,656 Bibles, Testaments and 
Scripture portions distributed throughout Japan, com 
pared with 2,762,375 for 1962. This increase in dis 
tribution was doubtless due to more effective circula 
tion through both Christian and secular book stores, 
improved communications with the branch offices and 
depots, the expansion of the colportage program, and 
the increase in cooperation of the Churches in selling 
Bibles and Scripture portions. 

It was an especially historic occasion when on De 
cember 9, 1963 two thousand Bibles were presented 
to Buddhist leaders for distribution to leading priests, 
through the sponsorship of the Bible Society of Den 

As part of the United Bible Society s expanded 
program under the title, " God s Word for a New 
Age," the Japan Bible Society aims to distribute 
4,630,000 Scriptures in 1964; 5,880,000 in 1965; and 
7,700,000 in 1966. 

The Gideons, with support both from abroad and 
from Japan, have been concentrating on the distribu 
tion of bilingual New Testaments among high school 
students, and thus have taken advantage of the fact 
that English is the second language of Japan. The 
Gideons distributed 183,500 Bibles during the year, 
and now with the full-time services of a field secretary 
this work will also be expanded. 

The literature committee of the NCC has set up 
two study commissions in the publishing and distribu 
tion field, and these have recently completed a funda 
mental review of the Christian literature distribution 
picture in Japan. 

One of their surveys indicates the average monthly 
sales totals of Christian book stores (in 1962) to be 


approximately 13,905,000 yen, or 166,860,000 yen a 
year a significant total indeed. Of this amount, 
roughly 20% is made up of Bibles and a further 10% 
of hymnals. This survey lists a total of 69 Christian 
hook stores, scattered in 43 cities throughout Japan. 

A notable recommendation of this NCC study com 
mission was that a new distribution center be created 
to handle the wholesaling of all Christian literature. 

Influenced by the atmosphere created by these re 
ports, Kyo Bun Kan in April, 1964 established a 
separate wholesale department and began a program 
of wholesaling Christian literature. Seibun Sha (Luth 
eran) has been wholesaling to stores in the Kansai 
area and in the western portion of Japan, and is now 
extending its wholesaling activities to the east as well. 

The management of Christian book stores in Japan 
has proved to be a most difficult task. However, at 
least three stores have been set up recently on a self- 
sustaining basis the Seibun Sha in Kobe, the Seibun 
Sha in Nagoya, and the Osaka Kirisutokyo Shoten. 
Not only have these stores been put on a solid footing, 
but during 1963 they were able to produce a margin 
of profit. 

This is a development which points up good pro 
spects and great hopes for the future of management 
of Christian book stores in Japan. 




Kenneth McVety 

Fourteen Christian publishers and about 30 Christian 
book stores throughout Japan have been banded to 
gether since 1951 in what is known as The Evangel 
ical Publishers and Distributors Fellowship (Fukuin 
Shuppan Hambai Kyoryoku Kai) . These publishers, 
two of whom are also members of the Christian Pub 
lishers Association (see * in list below) , report for 
1963 a total of 58 new titles and 101 reprint editions, 
compared with 62 new and 39 reprint editions in 
1962 an increase of just over 40%. 

In terms of volumes produced, these FPDF related 
publishers report even greater increase in 1963 a total 
of 430,000 books, more than double the 170,000 total 
for 1962. This is in addition to the " Seika " Hym 
nal, produced by Word of Life Press, which has been 
averaging 1520,000 copies a year. 

It should be noted, however, that relatively few of 
the titles represented in these totals are major reference 
works. Though a number of sizeable volumes such 
as Seisho Tosho s Commentary Series and Word of 
Life Press Bible Dictionary are included, a fairly 
heavy proportion of these titles would fall in the areas 
of evangelistic and devotional reading, and would cor 
respondingly be smaller in size, averaging perhaps 200 
to 300 pages. 

Among these 14 publishers, the largest program is 
reported by Word of Life Press (TEAM) , followed by 
Seisho Tosho Kankokai (Conservative Baptist) and 


Jordan Press (Southern Baptist) . The number of new 
and reprint editions published during 1963, with 1962 
figures in brackets, is as follows : 

New Titles Reprints 

Word of Life Press 29 (20) 60 (32) 

Jordan Press* 8 (5) 13 (5) 

Seisho Tosho 7 (3) 9 (8) 

Evangelistic Publishing Depot 2 (3) 2 (4) 

Buxton Memorial Publications* 2 (2) 4 (4) 

Kirisuto Sha Gakusei Kai 3 (1) 2 (4) 

Others 9 (7) 6 (7) 

Totals 60 (41) 99 (64) 

The eight publishers grouped together and reporting 
smaller programs for 1963 are, Christian Literature 
Crusade, Assemblies of God, Japan Sunday School 
Union (excluding Sunday School materials), Evange 
lical Publishing Association, Immanuel Missions, Na- 
zarene Publishing Department, Morikeisen Publications 
and Scripture Union. 

Undoubtedly the most widely received of these pub 
lications were Bible Commentaries by Yutaka Yoneda 
(New Testament) and Kuniji Oye (New Testament 
& Psalms), both published by Word of Life Press. 

The newly launched "KGK Shinsho Series " made 
a good beginning with C. S. Lewis , " Beyond Per 
sonality " finding an especially good reception. 

Generally speaking, the call for popular or family- 
type publications has become especially pronounced, 
as reflected in these publishing programs. Titles es 
pecially geared to women readers (" God in My Kit 
chen"), daily devotional readings, and biographical 
sketches ("1 Met God in Soviet Russia ", CLC) have 
all met with an enthusiastic response. In this category 
WLP reports a particularly good sale for its 15 title, 
100 "Faith Series". 

Of particular note has been the appearance of a new 


committee translation of the Gospel of John. This 
was released late in 1963 as the first published portion 
of a full scale Bible translation currently being un 
dertaken by the New Japanese Bible Commission and 
scheduled for completion in 1964 (New Testament) 
and 1966 (Old Testament). 

This New Japanese Bible, is being translated under 
the direction of a seven man editorial board and a 
staff of 29 translators and advisors, all men of con 
servative, evangelical conviction. The committee s an 
nounced purpose is to produce a translation that is : 

1. True to the original Greek and Hebrew texts. 

2. In the best contemporary Japanese, fully under 
standable to the masses. 

3. Faithful in giving the Lord Jesus Christ His 
rightful place. 

When completed, the production and distribution of 
this New Japanese Bible will be undertaken by Word 
of Life Press. 

In the general constituency of EPDF are about 40 
bookstores, all of them new since the war and 9 of 
them making their appearance within the past two 
years. The largest of these new stores is WLP s Life 
Center in Tokyo, with the Yokohama Christian Book 
store (TEAM) , Miyazaki Fukuin Shoten (Mennonite) , 
Hirosaki Fukuin Shoten (OMF) and several Christian 
Literature Crusade stores, making particularly marked 

Reflecting in large part the rapidly expanding and 
significantly deepening work flowing from the nume 
rous faith missions and many smaller denominational 
missions, the publishers and booksellers of EPDF re 
port aggressive plans for still further advance and in 
dicate considerable confidence for the future of Chris 
tian literature in Japan. 


The Relationship of the Church and Social Welfare 

William Billow 

Background for this article comes from reports of 
the YMCA Social Welfare Committee ; the Japan 
Christian Social Welfare League ; the United Church 
of Christ Social Welfare Committee ; the Mulheim 
Consultation, Theme : (The Role of the Churches in 
Social Welfare, An International Perspective) , spon 
sored by the World Council of Churches Department 
of Studies and Division of Inter-Church Aid, Refugee 
and World Service ; and limited personal experience 
in the field of Christian Social Welfare. 

A report on Christian Social Welfare in Japan could 
include statistics and descriptions of various programs. 
These, by and large, are in the areas of child care, 
care for the aged, care for widows and their children, 
settlement houses, rehabilitation of the handicapped, 
care of the blind and deaf, rehabilitation homes and 
reformatories, and social work hospitals and clinics. 
The auditors of our several institutions go over our 
reports, financial and program, and pass them on to the 
church. The goverment sends in its own auditors 
and they in turn pass the reports on to the powers 
that be. These reports are appropriate in their place 
and a necessary function of our established welfare 
programs. In this article there is not space for all 
the reports and statistics that could be presented. 
Let us rather look a bit more deeply into the question 


which is on the lips of churchmen and social work 
specialists alike, that is, the question of the relation 
ship of the church and social welfare. 

Government Take Over of Social Welfare Work 

Christian social welfare workers from the smallest 
and youngest institution in Japan to the largest and 
oldest institution in Europe or America are asking 
the same question today : What should be the rela 
tionship of the church and social welfare in the world 
today ? The oldest social welfare programs begun 
by Christians were the work of one or a small group 
which later in varying degrees have become the pro 
grams of the church. Social work in Japan today has 
the same history. The saying that one man can start 
a revolution seems an appropo description of Christian 
social welfare. Programs started by one person are 
supported at first by a few friends and later by the 
church. Once perfected the programs have been 
taken over by the state. There is no real problem 
in this sequence if the various stages of development 
have been planned. We should add that take over 
of social welfare programs does not always mean a 
take over of the Christian pioneer institutions. Today 
in Japan we hear the rumor that if the private (mostly 
church supported ) social welfare institutions do not 
take up the responsibility for improving their facilities, 
the government will step in. Christian workers are 
naturally concerned over the future of the Christian 

It is the perfected programs of social welfare which 
could go to the state through planning by the church. 
Perhaps no churchman would be unhappy if it were 
the programs alone which were taken over. If our 


vested interests in property were in no way threatened 
there might be no question of the support and ex 
istence of Christian social welfare institutions. In 
Japan thus far, only our programs have been taken 
over by the government ; and it seems that our insti 
tutions with their government relationships will remain 
intact if the church will only give them more adequate 
support financial, that is. The problem of facilities 
is important and is a prime cause for asking the 
bigger question about church and social welfare rela 

Responsibility of the Church in the Development of Social 
Welfare Work 

Mr. Shiro Abe, Director of the Yokosuka Christian 
Center, presented a paper at the Mulheim Consulta 
tion which comes face to face with this question. 
He ends his paper with these words: "The relation 
ship between the Church and social work is based on 
the broad implications of the Church s mission for 
diakonia, which means that the Church should be 
involved in direct social work in the days to come." 
This conclusion is based on the premises: 1) "We 
have to decide what position Christian social work 
should take in the national scheme." and 2) "Social 
work has become progressively separated from the 
influence of the church." In fact, Mr. Abe states 
that almost none of this social work (Salvation Army, 
WCTU, etc.,) was established by or has been the 
substantial responsibility of the national church. Thus, 
he sees the work here as having been begun by in 
dividuals or groups because of the lack of concern 
and the financial weakness of the church in Japan. 
It being true that Christian social work in the West 


is the result of the church s concern for the world, 
a look at the founders of Christian social work in 
Japan would show that the work here is an extension 
of the same concern. So long as financial support 
comes from churches overseas there is no pressing 
problem for the Church in Japan. The fact that the 
Church in Japan is now asking about Christian social 
welfare shows a growing concern by Christians here. 
This is not to disagree with Mr. Abe s premises but 
to give him support for the conclusion he stated at 
the beginning of this paragraph. It is high time that 
the church here does have reponsibility and a part 
in the development of social welfare that bears the 
Christian name. Perhaps the heart of the question 
is "How will the Church in Japan reconcile this 
growing concern with the disproportionate size of the 
welfare institutions as compared with the size of the 
church". Thankfully, the church in Japan is not 
standing alone as it seeks to solve this dilemma. 
Because of the involvement of the whole church in 
the whole world the church in any one nation does 
not have just a local problem. Possible pragmatic 
answers to a local situation would only begin to solve 
the question. 

According to the Mulheim Consultation reports there 
is to be a conference on "The Churches and Social 
Welfare " in 1966. A total of seventeen questions 
are raised as proposed areas of study for this con 
ference. These range from suggestions for preven- 
tative programs of * neighborly love on a congrega 
tional level to considering new forms of service for 
new countries without transplanting structures irrele 
vant to the new country. All are hard-core questions 
and books will be written to try to begin to answer 
each question. In trying to answer the questions of 


dedicated Christian workers about the relationship to 
both church and state in our social welfare program, 
these studies will provide resources to enrich our 
thinking and programs here in Japan. 

Theological Basis of Social Welfare Work 

In the world today we cannot limit our discussion 
to the Churches and social welfare as though the state 
can be by-passed. But the question of the churches 
and social welfare is not a matter for just ecological 
or sociological study ! The Church is amiss if its 
premise for involvement in social welfare rests on 
what the state is or is not going to do. We begin 
with our doctrine of Christ, the Church and men and 
move from that point. For us Christians the question 
is not just how far we are missing the mark among 
our fellow men but how far have we gone afield in 
effecting our confession of faith in Jesus Christ. We 
beg the question if we spend too much time looking 
outward without having looked inside ourselves to 
see the real beginnings of the human problems which 
eventually get out of proportion and become social 

Once the church has settled the theological question 
of its place in social welfare perhaps it can lead in 
the development of programs and institutions which 
could move more freely within the orbit of govern 
ment subsidies and controls. The Christian concern 
in social welfare stems from God s love for man in 
Christ. This is not subject to human regulation. 

We have to begin our thinking from a point of 
view which does not remove its gaze from present 
problems in Christian social welfare as it seeks theologi 
cal guidance. We dare not shrink from the challenges 


of our times but must consider them as God given 
opportunities to move forward. We cannot go around, 
over or under the obstacles which come before us. 
We have only one choice and that is to " go through " 
the perplexing labyrinth of current conflict. We have 
a task which is similar to negotiating for straightening 
a road where the proposed right of way is covered by 
hundreds of homes and shops, each with a distinct 
personal and public point of view. The resolve of 
the planner must be stronger than the desire for status 
quo by the owners who have the vested interest. The 
price of success will be slow, expensive and involve 
methodical study and negotiation. 

The Church can best begin by clearly stating its 
theology of social welfare, fully underwriting the in 
stitutions which fulfill the theological function and 
cheerfully giving up those which do not. Only expert 
knowledge matched with selfless dedication to Christ s 
love for man will be adequate to see the negotiations 
through to completion. The institutions of the Church 
can help by looking to the needs of man from a 
broader and deeper and higher perspective than is 
possible from only the technical point of view of 
currently accepted standards of good social work. 

From Cause to Function in Christian Social Work 

One more note on historical perspective. How 
exactly has Christian social welfare got to be what 
it is today ? What has brought about the develope- 
ment of our diversified programs ? The Christians 
who have been the founders of our institutions have 
been people dedicated to Christ. They have seen a 
problem and have simply rolled up their sleeves and 
pitched in to help, gaining support from friends who 


could be persuaded to help. Porter R. Lee in his 
paper " Social Work as Cause and Function" (Social 
Work As Cause and Function and Other Papers; 
New York, Columbia University Press, 1937) has 
denned the development of social welfare as a move 
ment from a cause to the position of a function. 
" A cause is usually a movement directed toward the 
elimination of entrenched evil." (page 22) He adds 
that a cause can also be the establishment of a posi 
tive good. " At the moment of its success, the cause 
tends to transfer its interest and its responsibility to 
an administrative unit whose responsibility becomes 
a function of well -organized community life." (page 
23) " To the community as a whole a cause may 
be justified by the faith and purpose of its adherents, 
a function must be justified by demonstrated possibli- 
ties of achievement." (page 26) This is leadership 
supplanted by accountability. Of leadership, Mr. Lee 
says : Here is one of the highly strategic points at 
which the character of any cultural service must be 
both cause and function, for at this point a community 
has a right to ask both what values in social life it 
should expect for itself and what distribution of these 
values among its people it is willing and able to 
accomplish", (page 33) 

The church by nature is a good fighter when there 
is a good cause. Individual Christians have demon 
strated that the Gospel has taken over in their lives 
by taking on causes that are apparent in their com 
munities. It seems that as the causes have become 
successful the public rather than private institutions 
have been better in the functional nature of the social 
welfare programs. Financial backing has much to 
do with this, for where one or two or three can 
effectively fight a cause until it gains the public eye, 


it takes a large number of workers to produce the 
statistics and reports that give the aura of accoun 
tability. The church could give a tremendous boost 
to the work that bears the Christian name by giving 
some clear statement as to the extent it will support 
a cause. Dialogue with community leaders could help 
effect smooth transfers of its work into the public 
area of responsibility. Our big problem here is that 
the church is as apt to be reluctant to give up any cause 
that is successful and alxmt to be transferred to the realm 
of function. The Christian institutions and their leaders 
are not anxious to let go of work that is just on the 
verge of success and do need more positive guidance at 
just that point. Once we look at the Christian Social 
Welfare Institutions and find out just exactly where 
they are and what they are doing we may find fewer 
conflicts than we now imagine. But, the current 
state of affairs, in Japan at least, is that the church 
because of its youth and lack of financial backing to 
date is not fully aware of all the institutions that 
would like to have more adequate church support. 
The steps the church must take are these : 1) to 
decide where it stands on the question of social 
welfare ; 2) to find out what is being done and how 
this relates to the decision made under #1 ; and 3) 
to vigorously support all institutions and programs 
which do qualify under the theologically acceptable 
standards, while gradually letting go the institutions 
and programs which either do not meet the standards 
or are well enough established to be no longer in 
need of primary Christian influence. 


Some Major Events Related to Social Work in 1963 

Shiro Abe 

1. The termination of SOS (Share Our Surplus) 
relief supplies, which had been distributed in Japan 
for a number of years, was consummated on June 
30, 1963. After the war, relief supplies were at first 
distributed to needy homes and social welfare institu 
tions through LARA (Licensed Agency for Relief in 
Asia) . Then, in 1953, after America had been blessed 
with bountiful harvests, and had accumulated a large 
surplus, Congress voted to share $ 300 million worth 
of supplies with needy nations. A part of this work 
of distribution was delegated to three Christian welfare 
organizations, i.e., Church World Service, American 
Friends Service Committee, and Catholic Reliet Com 
mittee (known as CAC) , which together handled some 
$ 150 million worth of relief supplies. An abundant 
part of this SOS relief was sent to Japan and many 
needy Japanese were saved from starvation by these 
gifts. This help has been greatly appreciated and 
will always be regarded as a glorious episode in the 
history of Social Welfare Work in Japan. In fact, in 
many cases, SOS took on the deeper meaning of 
" Save Our Souls," for it turned out to be a means 
of both material and spiritual blessing. However, 
with Japan s new economic prosperity, there is no 
longer an urgent need for such relief supplies. 

However, the termination of the SOS distribution 
has challenged the Japanese Church to undertake 


welfare work in other needy areas of life. Thus 
Japan Church World Service is now planning to divert 
its efforts to the activities of a rural center, an ex 
periment in upland agriculture, and the rehabilitation 
of the handicapped. 

2. Upholding of Japan s Anti-Vice Laws Urged: 
In view of the fact that the Olympiad will be held 
in Japan in 1964, and visitors will be coming from 
all over the world, the Social Affairs Commission of 
the Japan National Christian Council sent a message 
to the Japanese Government on September 19, 1963, 
urging the strengthening of anti-prostitution laws, 
which have not been fully effective in removing this 
evil from Japanese sociaty. It was also urged that in 
order to raise ethical standards, moral education be 
promoted, unhealthy cultural aspects be eliminated and 
that the social security system be more fully establi 
shed. The message was signed by Dr. Chitose Kishi, 
chairman of NCCJ. Each church was also expected 
to endorse the message by supporting its provisions 
and educating its people. 

3. Midnight Mission: Among dedicated Christian 
social workers are the German missionaries and Japanese 
co-workers of the Midnight Mission which carries on 
a rehabilitation program for street girls. This project 
has become a part of the Interchurch Aid program, 
which has helped with the building of the " Nozomi- 
no-Mon " (Gate of Hope School), which has 
residence facilities for twenty girls and has been in 
operation since early in 1963. A number of these 
unfortunate girls have been converted and brought 
into a new life of decency and hope. 

4. The Toyohiko Kagaiva Memorial Center was 
dedicated in April 1963 at Shinkawa, Kobe ; the site 
of his first evangelistic and social welfare activity, 


where there has long been a social settlement and 

5. Care of the aged continues to be an important 
concern of the churches and three new Christian 
homes for elderly people were dedicated in 1963, viz. , one 
each in Gumma, Saitama and Shizuoka prefectures. 

6. Labor Centers: The article on the Mission of 
the Laity calls attention to the Nishijin Labor Center 
of Kyoto and the Himeji-Wako Labor Center, which 
emphasize both the evangelistic and social phases of 
the Gospel. The same is true of the new Labor 
Center at Izumi-Sano Church of Osaka Kyoku of the 
Kyodan, which was dedicated November 10, 1963. 
The city of Izumi-Sano is an industrial center where 
cotton and jute weaving and hemp rope are manu 
factured. Representatives of both federations of 
ZENRO and SOHYO, were present at the dedication 
and expressed appreciation for the annual church labor 

7. Inter denominal Cooperation in Social Work : 
In spite of the Christian Social League of seventy 
institutions which helps to coordinate the work of the 
denominations engaged in social service (Kyodan, 
Anglican, Lutheran, Baptist, Salvation Army, Friends 
and others) , cooperation and communication between 
them still has much to be desired. There is also 
a fellowship of interdenominational social workers 
called, Kirisutokyo Shakai Fukushi Gakkai (Christian 
Social Welfare Study Society) , which affords oppor 
tunity for consideration of mutual problems. 

8. Problem of Christian nursery schools. Another 
significant development which signifies a change of 
direction is the increase in government patronage and 
interference in the operation of nursery schools, as 
revealed in the report of the Central Children s Wei- 


fare Council. The new regulations do not permit the 
direct operation of unrecognized church nurseries and 
facilitate the establishment of public institutions. This 
is but one more indication of how government policy 
tends more and more to limit the social work of the 
Church to acts of individual charity. 

9. Christian Orphanages : Some sixty-six children s 
homes, which are affiliated with CCF (Christian 
Children s Fund) , are continuing to receive aid from 
American Christians. 

10. Salvation Army Christmas Kettles : As in 
many other lands, the Salvation Army kettles play an 
important part in the Japanese celebration of Christmas. 
This appeal was made to people in the streets of 
Japanese cities from December 17 through 31st and 
a record offering was received, with more people than 
ever making contributions. With these good will 
offerings, Christmas gifts were sent to children in 
slum areas, to the elderly in homes for the aged, and 
accommodations were furnished to homeless people. 
In these and other ways, the true spirit of Christmas 
was made known. 

11. Japan Christian Medical Association (JCMA) 
J.C.M.A., now in its fifteenth year, continues to 
fulfill its purpose: "to strengthen the fellowship in 
the name of our Lord among the Christian doctors, 
nurses, medical students, student nurses, and other 
medical workers ; to unite those who work in the 
same medical fields in the spirit of Christianity ; to 
give mutual opportunities for study that they may 
learn medicine ; and to offer medical services with a 
sincere Christian spirit to those who need help." The 
monthly organ, " Medicine and the Gospel," serves 
for maintenance of mutual intercourse between the 
the doctors, nurses and students of the fifteen local 


chapters; which have a total membership of about 
one thousand. A delegation from the Japan Associa 
tion attended the first International Christian Medical 
Conference held at Amsterdam in June 1963. Medi 
cally neglected areas have continued to receive various 
services from this very active Association. In each 
local chapter, regular meetings are held for the deepen 
ing of the mutual faith of the members and the 
cultivation of the Christian spirit in medical practice. 
To this end, also, lecture meetings are held to which 
non-Christians are welcome and in this way come to 
realize the importance of the application of Christian 
principles in medical treatment. The Association has 
taken the lead in the emphasis on preventive medicine 
in the various communities, especially in medically 
neglected areas. These have included : periodic health 
surveys ; improvements in environmental hygiene where 
communicable diseases are endemic ; guidance for a 
more healthful dietary ; mass survey in tuberculosis 
prevention, and periodic health checkup. Doctors, 
nurses and medical students participate in such mass 
surveys ; which occasions afford the opportunity for 
fellowship in the service of Christ. J.C.M.A. is a 
member of the National Christian Council and is 
active in ecumenical outreach and international Chris 
tian medical missions. 



Kazuko I-Suzuki 

The primary purpose of the " Mission of the Laity " 
is now being widely accepted as equipping the laity 
for Christian obedience and witness through daily life 
and work in the secular world. The new awareness 
of the need for equipping the laity to be the church 
in the world is expressed not only in emphasis on 
training lay people to be full-time workers for church- 
related institutions or evangelistic enterprises as well 
as assisting the clergy, but also in the conviction that 
every member of the church who is baptized by the 
Holy Spirit should share in the mission of whole 

In Asia, the importance and urgency of the concern 
for the mission of the laity and for their training was 
taken into consideration by the Working Committee 
of the East Asia Christian Conference. It was re 
commended that lay training be the main emphasis of 
the entire work of the EACC in the quadrennial 
period following the 1964 Assembly. 

In Japan, there are signs that the churches are 
already realizing the importance and responsibilities of 
the laity, and are taking initiative in training. 

During 1963, certain significant examples of such 
new effort were reported. It is to be noted that the 
Ten-Year Plan of Evangelism of the United Church 
of Christ in Japan places its main emphasis on the 
establishment of a policy of evangelism with particular 
reference to the laity. * The harvest is great but the 
harvesters few." The major responsibility for witness 


in homes and working places is in the hands of lay 
people who can proclaim the Gospel of Jesus Christ 
adequately. This is to be done by believers of the 
Christian Gospel through sharing one another s burdens 
and through acts of service. The problem for us 
is that we have entirely too few lay people who can 
keep a balance between these two aspects of witness. 
The responsibility for training effective lay witnesses 
comes back to those of us who are called to such a 
task. We must take every opportunity to stress the 
importance of witness to God s grace in the place 
where we are by having a better understanding of 
one s self, one s own work and its technological and 
scientific background, and by being able to serve 
adequately one another s needs. 

Annual Seminars on Home and Family 

The church of Japan, from its beginning, has stressed 
the importance of home visitation and family worship. 
However, it has not been meeting the increasing 
problems in a family life confronted by rapidly chang 
ing society. The Home and Family Division of the 
National Christian Council sponsored two seminars 
during 1963 ; one for the Kanto area (eastern part 
of Japan) and one for the Kansai area (western part) . 
The Kanto area meeting was held at Hoshino Hotel, 
Naka Karuizawwa, July 15-17, with lectures and dis 
cussions centering around the theme, "The Christian 
Home and the Nurture of Those Responsible for the 
Next Generation." Ministers, missionaries, and lay 
men were among the eighty four participants. Stu 
dents from Southeast Asia, attending Tsurukawa Rural 
Training Institute joined the seminar with simultaneous 
translations given by Rev. Toshihiro Takami, the 


director of the Institute s Southeast Asia Course. 

The participants were divided into four groups ac 
cording to their needs and interests, such as premarital 
group, husband and wife group, parent-child group and 
in-laws and brides group with each group having two- 
leaders, a minister and a counselor. Each participant 
brought his or her own problem into the discussion. 
The main addresses were given by Mr. Junichiro Sako, 
Christian literary critic, and Dr. Kaname Moriwaki, 
professor of educational psychology at Rikkyo Uni 
versity, Rev. Shinji Iwamura, pastor of Omori 
Megumi Church, and Dr. Yasushi Narabayashi, a 
Christian medical doctor and marriage counselor, served 
as group leaders along with others. 

The Kansai area meeting was held July 22-24 at 
Shirahamakadan. Using the same theme, approxi 
mately the same number of people represented similar 
categories and discussed similar subjects. The world 
wide home problem ; human relationships in the 
home ; and problems of youth were also considered. 
For the Kansai area, this was the first experience of 
this type of seminar. 

The Kansai Seminar was opened with a lecture by 
one of the jury women of the Osaka Domestic Court, 
Mrs. Megumi Imada, who has been serving for more 
than ten years. The second lecture was by Dr. 
Yoshitomo Ushijima, a professor of educational psy 
chology at Kyushu University. He particularly em 
phasized the important, and unique role of the wife 
and the importance of the family as the base for all 
education, including the Christian witness. Rev. Shinji 
Iwamura gave a biblical interpretation of marriage 
and the family. 

The result is that twice as many people have been 
reached this year. 


Sending instructors and lecturers to local churches 
and districts is another part of this committee s task. 
Often leaders are sent as a team including a medical 
doctor, a theologian or minister who has special train 
ing in this field, and a psychologist or marriage coun 
selor. Such a team moves around from place to 
place conducting courses, seminars and conferences as 
a mobile unit. In this way we reach laymen in their 
own cultural situation. This is the best way to use 
a limited budget and personnel. 

One outstanding program of this type was held at 
Matsuvama City on Shikoku Island, the smallest of 
the four major islands of Japan. Matsuyama City was 
selected for the seminar out of desire of local people. 
It was well-attended for a first attempt to have such 

The main lectures were given by Dr. Katsumi Ma- 
tsumura. the head of the Theological Department of 
Kansai Gakuin Univesity. and Mr. Junichiro Sako. 
Discussion groups were conducted under the program 
director. Rev. Koji Horie of the Episcopal Church, 
who is a staff member of the group dynamics com 
mittee. Discussion was conducted much as in one of 
the annual seminars. 

Workshop on Marriage Counseling in Tokyo 

A group of pastors, marriage counselors, missionar 
ies, teachers and laymen met on February 25, 1963, 
at the Ginza Christian Center to discuss mutual pro 
blems on marriage counseling. This was the first at 
tempt of the National Christian Council to plan a 
series of meetings by the Home and Family Com 
mittee with this subject as the focal point. 

By means of lectures, panel discussions, and ques- 


tion and answer periods, ministers and laymen in 
Christian schools were given opportunities to discuss 
the handling of such matters as helping young people 
to find Christian marriage partners in a non-Christian 
society ; premarital counseling ; good Christian mar 
riages ; the role of the minister and the local church ; 
the availability of Christian doctors and psychiatrists, 
and the attitude of members of the family toward 
each other. 

At the first of a series of three workshops Dr. 
Ralph P. Bridgman was the principal speaker. He is an 
Episcopal layman, marriage counselor at the Family 
Court Center in Toledo, Ohio, who was Fulbright 
visiting lecturer at the research and training institute 
for the Family Court Probation Officers of the Su 
preme Court of Japan. Dr. Bridgman stressed the 
need for counseling relationships in the local church, 
and those present felt that they they had gained fresh 
insights into the question of marriage counseling. 

Subsequent meetings were planned and held with 
each session being well attended by both ministers 
and laymen. Some addresses were "The Need for 
Premarital Counseling and the Responsibility of the 
Local Church" by Mr. Shinji Iwamura, and "A Symposi 
um of Case Studies" by Dr. and Mrs. Kenji Tamura, 
professional marriage counselors of the National In 
stitute of Mental Health of Japan. 

Christian Witness to Labor 

Ay The Nishijin Labor Center: 

Occupational evangelism has wide connotations but 
at its core it simply means the church s responsibility 
to present the claims of Christ to the world of work 


in terms that are relevant to the daily occupation of 
the worker whether professional, skilled, or unskilled. 
Using the already existing church as a base, it at 
tempts to reach out through labor schools and through 
meetings of Christians in the same professions and 
through Bible study groups. 

The Kansai Labor Evangelism program was organ 
ized seven years ago, under the leadership of Rev. 
Henry Jones, a Presbyterian missionary, Dr. Masao 
Takenaka of Doshisha, and Dr. Hisashi Mitsui of 
Osaka, and by a few men and women who felt that the 
Gospel must be made more relevant to the needs of 
the day and to all people. A part of this program 
was an interne plan involving seminaries and colleges 
in the Kansai area. 

Dr. Mochinobu Shimo, at that time a graduate stu 
dent at Doshisha Seminary, was an interne assigned 
to Nishijin, which is famous for its silk- weaving in 
dustry. Mr. Shimo found in Nishijin several Christian 
groups carrying on activities, on an entirely separate 
and volunteer basis. He brought them together into 
an informal group called the Nishijin-kai, in order 
to cooperate and coordinate their separate efforts, 
"his is the beginning of the Nishijin Labor Center. 

When the Nishijin-kai with Mr. Shimo as its cen 
tral figure, decided to campaign toward creating a 
center, the Doshisha Seminary agreed to give guidance 
and contribute the initial financial aid for purchasing 
This was done with the purpose of making 
such a center an integral part of theological education 
at Doshisha in the area of practical training of theo 
logical students. 

A three-story building, the first floor containing the 
mam meeting hall, the Nishijin Labor Center was 
dedicated in December 1962. It is a building, modern 


in line and detail, set apart for the education, recre 
ation, and spiritual uplift of the workers of this area. 
The program inculudes labor schools, cooking class 
es, an English School, a Counseling service, a medi 
cal clinic, research activities and children s groups. 
A weekly Bible study group provides opportunity for 
serious study of the Bible and serves to relate that 
study to the reality of society. This group will be 
the coordinating point for churches in this area also. 

B) Himegi-Wako Labor Center: 

The intensified spirit of unity in Christ and the 
concern for the ministry in industrial society led to 
the organization of the Marima Industrial Area Coun 
cil of Churches in 1963. 

A type of group ministry was formed with Kako- 
gawa-East Preaching Station, Takasago and Wako 
churches as participants. They coordinate their acti 
vities and report to one another regularly on progress 
in various experiments. 

Industrial evangelism is a part of the fundamental 
task of the church and the responsibility to carry the 
torch of this witness is in the hands of the laity. 
The pastor s role is to be a counselor and supporter 
of the laymen in action. How can the layman carry 
out his task of witness in his place of work? How 
can each layman be a Christian in his daily life? To 
bring the problems and questions concerning this basic 
task and to think them out together is the purpose 
of the Harima Industrial Evangelism Circle. 

The Monthly journal which this group publishes 
is for discussion, reading and prayers to promote a 
wider understanding among church people and those 
seeking to understand the role of the Christian in an 


industrial setting. 

In this group are lay members of the Episcopal 
Church, the Assembly of God, the United Church 
of Christ in Japan and the labor unions. 

In 1961, the Occupational Evangelism Committee 
of the United Church of Christ in Japan designated 
Himeji-Wako Church as one of its emphasis projects. 
It was in the spring of 1962 that the Wako Labor 
Center was established as a center of Christian service 
to the laboring people of its community. As such it 
sought to make applications of the fundamental princi 
ples and concepts of industrial evangelism. The acti 
vities of the Center which are the outgrowth of these 
principles might be mentioned : 1) A Worker s 
group for the study of Faith and work: This group, 
made up of men and women working in small in 
dustries, attempts to study the relationship between 
the Christian faith and the area of science and tech 
nology. 2) Cultural Activities: One of the most 
serious problems for workers in a technologically ad 
vanced nation is the use of leisure time. So far, 
the activities are few but there has been a photo 
graphy exhibit and folk dancing group to meet this 
need. 3) Youth activities for the community: One 
of the tragedies of our life today is the lack of true 
conversation between men. The purpose of our youth 
activity program is to recover dialogue through sing 
ing and talking together. There are may ways to 
meet the needs of youth in the community as the 
"salt of the earth" through active service groups. 

C) Church Mission to Truckers: 

Along a heavily travelled highway in one of Japan s 
most industrialized areas stands a unique preaching- 


point of the United Church of Christ in Japan. Few 
persons think of it as a chapel, however, since the 
building consist of a diner and facilities for servicing 
heavy trucks. As industrialization moves rapidly for 
ward, the number of trucks on the highways increases 
greatly. In Japan truck drivers work three and four 
days continuously without rest and as a result of fa 
tigue and illness, traffic accidents occur. The Rev. 
Micho Imai felt that the Lord of the Resurrection must 
stand on the highway and dwell in the hearts of 
truck drivers. Therefore he began planning a labor 
center where the drivers could rest, eat, take a shower, 
and have someone to listen to them as a spiritual 

The complete facilities will include a parking lot 
for 150 trucks, a service area, sleeping quarters to 
accommodate fifty men, a five-minute laundry service, 
and a large dining hall. One of the center s most 
important functions will be to provide conversation 
with the drivers most of whom are away from home 
several weeks at a time. The staff, numbering thirty 
persons working on a round-the-clock basis, will help 
drivers keep in touch with their families. 

Commenting on Mr. Imai s ministry, the president 
of the local trucking association said, "His work is 
an oasis for human needs in the desert of traffic jams." 

No one church, in isolation from other churches, 
can carry on this type of work by itself. In order 
to confront the huge industrial organization and so 
ciety, the church too, must combine all available for 
ces and personnel in the spirit of true unity under 
one common Lordship of Christ. 

Institute of Laymen Overseas: 

In recent history the professional missionary has 


been regarded as central and the layman as more or 
less on the periphery. However, in the last analysis, 
the success or failure of the Christian movement in 
Japan or any other land, depends on the Christian 
laymen overseas as well as upon the clergy. 

An Institute for Laymen Overseas" was held at 
the newly opened Nippon Academy Oiso House, Sep 
tember 27-29, 1963, sponsored by Tokyo Union 
Church, the National Christian Council, the National 
Council of Churches in the USA, and a Tokyo-Yo 
kohama Inter-Church Committee. The theme was 
"How does a Christian Meet the Problems and 
Opportunities of living in Japan." This Institute had 
a two-fold objective : 1) to help laymen (men and 
women) living and working overseas for government, 
business, military, technological assistance organiza 
tions, and service agencies to recognize and fulfill 
their opportunities as Christians in Japan- 2) to share 
the experience of this pilot project with overseas 
church men elsewhere as together we face contempo 
rary issues of Christian living. 

The Institute searched for helpful resources for the 
churchman abroad as he confronts challenges and 
dilemmas in his everyday relationships with persons 
of another culture. How do we identify the frontiers 
of effective Christian witness? Opportunities in mission 
and present-day strategy with emphasis on our Christian 
faith as it relates to Man and God s World. 

Dr. Robbin Strong, formerly of the YMCA and 
currently with the United Church Board for World 
Ministries was the main speaker. Other leaders were 
the Rev. Howard B. Haines, pastor of Tokyo Union 
Church, Dr. Maurice Troyer of the International 
Christian University, and Dr. Sam Franklin of the 
Tokyo Union Theological Seminary. One other feature 


of the program was a panel discussion in which a 
prominent diplomat, a businessman, an officer in the 
U. S. Armed Forces, and a housewife participated. 
Discussion topics were " The Overseas Laymen in 
His Daily Work," "The Overseas Layman in Japan," 
" How We Can Help Each Other Find Christian 
Faith," " Issues facing the Japanese Church-Problems 
of Communication." 

Tsurukawa Rural Institute: 

In our age it is difficult to reach people where they 
are, for there are so many different occupations, ways 
of living and strata of society. How does the minis 
ter find ways and means of reaching his people on a 
common footing ? How can he preach effectively 
to them unless he does? 

A minister in a mining community is more effective 
if he knows something about mining, its dangers and 
difficulties. So too with farming. There are a great 
many farmers in the world, and some ministers are 
striving to get closer to their church members who 
are farmers by learning about their lives. 

In Japan this is possible at the Tsurukawa Rural 
Institute in Machicla, a one-hour trip from the center 
of Tokyo. 

It is for men and women, ministers and lay people. 
Students are mostly from rural areas. There are about 
sixty students, including those in the theology depart 
ment, nursery teacher training, and the agricultural 

A part of the work is the carrying on of the South 
east Asia Christian Rural Leaders Training Course, 
begun in 1960 and at present headed by the Rev. 
Toshihiro Takami. The course runs from April 


to December. Thirteen people are expected this year 
from the Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, Taiwan, 
Burma, Malaysia, Korea, Okinawa, and New Guinea. 

Visitation Evangelism (Minoru Okada) 

One of the most striking signs of a new sense of 
lay responsibility is seen in the increasing development 
of visitation evangelism. Never in recent history have 
Church men and women been so intent on learning 
how they can be used to bring others to the Christian 
faith and to the Church. Training schools in lay 
evangelism have become an important feature of 
Church life in Japan-. 

The Committee on Visitation Evangelism of NCCJ 
was first appointed in 1953, and by the grace of God 
the work has continued to develop through the faith 
ful ministry of wise pastors and consecrated lay visit 
ors. Though the facts and figures are not available 
for many churches, more than two hundred of the 
churches of the United Church of Christ (Kyodan) 
are engaged in this type of evangelism and strenuous 
efforts are being made to enlist the other churches 
in this important effort. 

The main visitation evangelism program in 1963 
was as follows : 

1. The tenth summer training institute was held 
at the Rikkyo Camp in Karuizawa, August 21-23, 
with 230 persons enrolled. A winter training institute 
for the Kansai area was held at Sumaso, Kobe, with 
210 laymen in attendance : making a total of 440 
persons who received the special training for visitation 

2. District institutes were also held in Shikoku 
and Tohoku under the same NCCJ auspices. Doubt- 


less many other similar institutes were conducted by 
unaffiliated denominations. 

3. Members of the Visitation Evangelism Com 
mittee of the Kyodan, together with certain lay e- 
vangelists, were sent to all the thirteen districts of 
the Kyodan to conduct training institutes in 103 places, 
and about 500 new lay evangelists were enlisted. 

A Visitation Evangelism Monthly is published for 
the purpose of helping to train lay evangelists and 
share information, experiences and to serve as a com 
munication medium between interested churches. 

The cost of conducting the nation-wide institutes 
under the auspices of NCCJ has been met by con 
tributions from the interested denominations. Though 
Mission Boards cooperating with the Kyodan have 
shared the cost of the program during the first decade, 
the Kyodan Home Mission Board will bear the entire 
cost from 1964. 

The work of visitation evangelism as it has de 
veloped in Japan during the past ten years may be 
briefly described as follows : 

1. This type of evangelism involves close cooper 
ation between the pastor and each lay evangelist. 
Owing to the fact that inquirers or prospects come 
from all over town, the important follow-up work is 
usually done by a single evangelist in each case. 
Usually the names for visitation are assigned by the 
pastor or church committee, with full details recorded 
on a visitation card, which also serves for additional 

2. The semiannual house to house visitation is 
carried on by teams of two each and the aim is 
to visit all homes in a given parish. At other 
times the main work is with inquirers, with each 
one assigned to a suitable evangelist who becomes his 


friend and mentor as he enters into the new life in 
Christ. The visitation evangelists are also responsible 
for calling on church members who have become in 
active, with a view to helping them to get out of their 
backslidden condition. These lay evangelists actually 
form the vital nucleus of the various church groups ; 
men s league, women s society, youth organization 
and so on. In some churches they meet in prayer 
cells and engage in the united prayer which is so 
vital to evangelism. 

3. In recent years, some of the more earnest visit 
ation evangelists have become candidates for the 
ministry or other full time Christian vocation and are 
now serving in various fields. Ministers have also 
found good wives among these devoted evangelistic 

One pastor has recently related how the pastoral 
and evangelistic problems of his church were solved 
when almost the entire congregation dedicated their 
lives to visitation evangelism 



Youth and Student Work 

Delmar Wedel 

Christian Youth Week has been celebrated by the 
National Christian Council in Japan for fourteen years. 
In 1963 the theme of the special meetings held 
throughout the country was " Living Out the Gospel." 
And of course this is the symbol of what all Christian 
youth organizations hope to do to live out the Gospel 
in their life together and in their concern for others. 
Such a summary report as this cannot reproduce the 
spirit and content of all these youth activities nor 
evaluate their significance at year s end. Yet, perhaps 
as you read this sketch of youth study programs, 
leadership training conferences, and service projects, 
you will be able to see some of the purpose behind 
them and some of their significance for the future. 
The report will include the youth activities of the 
East Asian Christian Council, of the National Christian 
Council in Japan, of the YMCA and the YWCA, 
and international work camps and exchange projects 
in which Japanese youth participated. 

For brevity s sake, the emphasis will tend to be on 
the unique activites of the year the new concerns 
and programs, the special evangelistic efforts. We 
should also remember the total ongoing program of 
these organizations however : The basic program of 
all campus YM-YWCA s, for example, is Bible study 
through which the Christan members hope to deepen 


their own faith and witness to the "seekers" who 
may in most cases constitute half of the participants. 
In the student dormitories, daily Bible study and 
worship begins or ends the day. While mentioning 
certain organizational details of Student-in-Industry 
Seminars or Ecumenical Work Camps, we should also 
remember that the power of such groups depends, as 
it always has, on the day-by-day witness which the 
members make by their service, their Christian fellow 
ship, and their verbal proclamation of the Good News 
to the school or the factory or the community in 
which they live and work. So work camps may 
become not only a place where Christian students 
show their concern through some work project but a 
place where the non-Christian campers are challenged 
to make a Christian commitment and persons in the 
host community are introduced to the implications of 
a Christian decision. 

Leadership Training 

As the year began, forty youth leaders gathered at 
Izu to participate in the Fourteenth NCC Youth 
Leaders Conference. The conference theme was 
" Problems of Leading Present Christian Youth " and 
the introductory lecture was one of special importance 
to all youth leaders, "The Present Value System of 
Japanese Youth." As the conference progressed, the 
relationship between recreation and evangelism was 
discussed and perspectives of the NCC were presented. 
The YMCA also sponsored several leadership training 
programs : for its Hi-Y leaders, for its physical 
education workers (using the resources of a visiting 
lecturer Arthur Steinhaus of George Williams Col 
lege) , and for leaders of industrial youth. YWCA 


conferences for high school and junior high school 
leaders were held on a local and national level and 
about five hundred persons participated in this training. 

International Activities 

The year 1963 was an exciting year for the develop 
ment of international communication and exchange 
projects. The NCC continued to send participants to 
the International Work Camps in Hong Kong, Korea, 
and Sarawak. For the YMCA, it was the seventh 
year of involvement in the rural work camps in the 
Philppines. Four students took medicine and personal 
aid to that program. Twenty-two Japanese attended 
the YMCA Asian Lay-Leaders Conference in Luala 
Lumpur and the Hi-Y s of Osaka and Hiroshima 
continued their Sister City Youth Exchange with high 
school students in San Francisco and Honolulu. 

The NCC Ecumenical Work Camp in 1963 (which 
included students from Japan, Korea, the U.S.A., 
and Hong Kong) was engaged in road construction 
work at the Shimada Home for deficient children 
from July 17 to August 14. In addition to this, the 
Student YMCA sponsored an International Work 
Camp at Uenohara where campers began preparations 
for a Youth and Retreat Center in that city. Follow 
ing the Work Camp, an International Seminar met 
at International Christian University. 

In January, four Korean Youth Leaders (1 Methodist 
Church representative, 1 YMCA staff, 2 Presbyterian 
Church representatives) visited Japan for a week at 
the invitation of the Japan National Christian Council. 
Eleven Japanese students participated in a YMCA 
exchange project to the Korean work camp and nine 
Korean students returned the visit, attending con- 


ferences in Japan and visiting in Japanese homes. 

Kazuo Hamada left for Peru as fraternal secretary 
from the Japan YMCA World Service to the YMCA 
in that country. He represents the third person to 
be sent abroad from the Japanese movement. 

Under the auspices of the YMCA, a joint com 
mittee of Japanese and overseas students formed an 
organization for International Student Services. The 
purpose of this group is to stimulate dialogue between 
Japanese -students and the growing number of overseas 
students in Japan. A Weekend Conversation at Oiso 
was organized by this group and the Kyodan Com 
mittee on Ecumenical Relations. The Y is now plan 
ning a series of orientation programs to encourage 
personal encounter between Japanese students and the 
nearly five thousand overseas students now studying 
in Japanese universities. 

Among the efforts of Asian Christians to seek a 
regional consciousness has been the work of the East 
Asian Christian Conference " an organ of continu 
ing fellowship and cooperation among the churches 
and Christian Councils in East Asia." Nineteen sixty- 
three saw the Planning Committee begin its work 
for the Asian Christian Youth Assembly (December 
28, 1964-January 8, 1965). The Assembly to be held 
in Silliman University, Philippines, is for young 
adults representing a variety of occupations in both 
rural and urban areas. The quota for Japan is thirty- 
five. Participants will consider the claims of the 
Gospel and the Church and how they relate to the 
life of Christian youth in Asia today. Political and 
economic situations of the Asian nations, international 
relationships, and Christian unity will also be con 


General Youth Activities 

The Japanese political situation received emphasis 
in the YWCA study project for 1963. The study 
concentrated on an understanding of the National 
Constitution and its proposed revisions. Each of the 
larger city YMCA s sponsored the study, and Business 
Girls groups were especially involved in it. Several 
of the social concerns groups also focused on this 
issue as being most important at this time. 

The YMCA reports two new developments occur- 
ing in 1963. A $ 2 1/2 million campaign is under 
way which will make possible the construction of 
eleven new YMCA Youth Centers. Also, as a result 
of discussions with the government of Hokkaido, a 
4,000 acre development is being planned at Kitami, 
Hokkaido, near Akan National Park. This is one of 
the last primitive areas in Japan. A Development 
Secretary has been appointed, and the area will be 
developed for wilderness camping and family camping. 

University Activities 

The Life and Mission of the Church study program 
begun in 1959 under the stimulus of the World Stu 
dent Christian Federation will continue into 1964. It 
is a cooperative study program of the Kyodan, Nihon 
Kirisuto Kyokai, the Japan Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, Baptist Domei, Baptist Renmei, the Korean 
Church, and the YMCA and YWCA. Besides its 
continuing study of the Japanese Church situation 
in relation to the History of Student Christian 
Work in Japan, the committee also sponsored a 
Leaders Seminar for pastors, professors and student 
workers and a Bible Study Seminar for students. It 


continued its publication of the quarterly "The Dai- 
gaku Christosha." 

Related in concern and membership to this LMC 
study group are the discussions of the Hosaku linkai. 
This Strategy Committee seeks to develop a strategy 
of unified campus witness and to discover a coopera 
tive organizational structure (of the YM-YWCA, stu 
dent centers, and the churches) which can best serve 
that witness to universities in Japan. Although the 
Hosaku linkai has not arrived at any definitive strategy 
for unified student work, there are examples of coopera 
tive relationships developing. For example, several 
full-time missionaries and pastors are associated now 
with the YMCA in various cooperative student work 

Besides the WSCF Day of Prayer held annually in 
many countries throughout the world, Japan s involve 
ment in the leadership structure of WSCF is con 
siderable : Masao Takenaka is Vice-President of the 
Federation ; Hideyasu Nakagawa is Vice-Chairman 
of the Teachers Commission ; Kentaro Shiozuki is 
the Federation s Asian staff person. 

About 475 professors are now members of the 
Christian Scholars Fellowship (Daigaku Christosha no 
Kai) closely associated with the Student YM-YWCA. 
Under the leadership of Mikio Sumiya of Tokyo 
University, its regional groups on humanities, social 
and natural sciences were active in 1963 and a con, 
saltation of "Faith, Learning, and Education" was 
held on a national level. 

The Christian Scholars Fellowship, the LMC Com 
mittee, and the YM-YWCA share responsibility for 
the planning of the Second World Student Christian 
Federation Asian Conference on the Life and Mission 
of the Church to be held in Japan, May 19-30, 1964. 


Seventy Asian delegates (principally young university 
teachers and graduate students planning to teach) 
will meet at Oiso Academy House to focus on the 
theme "University Man in Modernizing Asia Christian 
Commitment and Academic Responsibility". It is 
expected that the conference will be followed by the 
formation of an international fellowship of Christian 
teachers in Asian universities. 

In the summer of 1963, the NCC sponsored Student- 
in-Industry Seminars in Tokyo and Osaka. In Tokyo, 
students worked at Origin Denki, N.H.K., Hakuyosha 
Cleaners, and on construction projects like Tokyo 
subway during the day and at night on their study 
theme "On the Job Human Relationships". In 
Osaka, the theme was " The Life of a Worker " and 
the work experiences varied from shipyards to soap, 
button, and paint factories. 

Hoping to demonstrate its concern for the Korean 
minority in Japan, the NCC Summer Youth Caravan 
traveled to the coal mining area of southern Japan. 
Here in the Korean churches of Shimonoseki and 
Kyushu, five Japanese students, six Korean students 
and one American conducted youth activities during 
the three- week period of the Caravan. 

This year was the sixth annual visitation to this 
same area for members of the Coal Mining Children s 
Protection Association. This grass roots movement 
originated with students of Tokyo Union Seminary 
and now includes students from fifteen universities 
and colleges. One hundred-fifty students, working in 
churches in the coal mining area, set up day camp 
and tutoring services for children of the unemployed 
miners. Students pay their own transportation and 
maintenance expenses for the two-week period. 

The 72nd Annual National Summer School of the 


YM-YWCA was held in Tozanso where more than 
200 students endeavored to discover " The Christian 
Student Understanding of the Gospel". In eight 
regional conferences, six hundred students investigated 
various aspects of their Christian responsibility : " Stu 
dent Response to the Gospel," " Living as a Student ", 
"Response for the Present," etc. 

So this article began with a report of youth leaders 
asking the important question "What is the value 
system of Japanese youth ?" and ends with a report 
of young people asking " What is the responsibility 
of Christian youth in Japan today ?" The year s 
dialogue has been healthy, the response in most cases 
whole-hearted and enthusiastic, and the possibilities 
of the future will be the work of 1964. 


Michael Griffiths 

Evangelical student work in Japan, as in other 
countries, reflects a passion for soulwinning, an em 
phasis upon commitment to Christ and dedication to 
His service in obedience to the revealed Word of God, 
The stand on the Bible is in fact the traditional posi 
tion of all those true to the historic Christian creeds 
and the great doctrinal confessions of the Protestant 
Reformation, It is not therefore surprising that such 
work has a wide interdenominational representation, 
drawing its staff and conference speakers from all 
major Protestant groups. For example, the Board of 
the Inter- Varsity Christian Fellowship (KGK) includes 


Lutheran, Reformed, Baptist and Holiness church 
leaders, while its speakers are drawn as much from 
the older Japanese churches, as the more recent 
postwar groups. 

Social implications are not judged to be unimportant, 
in that great stress is placed upon practical and 
transformed daily living. But students, like everybody 
else, must be born again of the Spirit of God, and 
then nurtured in the wholesome teaching of the Bible 
before they can be expected to have a truly Christian 
attitude to anything. Some of the problems of Christ 
ian application are more relevant, and can be ham 
mered out more intelligently by groups of graduates, 
wellgrounded in Christian doctrine as students, and 
who need now to apply this to the problems they 
encounter in daily living. 

The first aim then of such evangelical activity is 
the conversion of unbelievers to Christ, induced by 
the supernatural work of the Holy Spirit, resulting in 
the new birth. Conversion, and baptism in their own 
local church must come first. Indeed, all such inter 
denominational work is careful to stress its subsidiary 
role as a handmaid of the churches, eschewing any 
Sunday gatherings, and insisting on church attendance 
even before conversion. Then follows systematic in 
struction in Biblical doctrine leading to practical ap 
plication to daily living and winning others to Christ. 

As with a great deal of evangelical work in Japan, 
its strength as well as its weakness lies in its diversity. 
Numberless individuals with a spontaneous and Holy 
Ghost inspired concern for the salvation of young 
men and women, as well as local churches, denomina 
tions and missions, are working among the four million 
High School children and the three quarters of a 
million University students. The English and Japanese 


Bible Classes continue to be an attraction for students, 
and have certainly been used down through the years 
to bring many to Christ, and nurture them in the 

Student Centres, off campus, either independant or 
denominational, have in some cases done notable 
work, though the heavy overheads mean that they 
often remain dependant upon overseas support. Many 
mission groups hold Summer Camps for University 
and High School students-and the Matsubara-Ko Camp 
organised by the Evangelical Alliance Mission is one 
fine example among about 50 others of this kind. In 
a short space it is quite impossible to mention all 
those agencies which do some work among students, 
but at the national level there are three main move 
ments whose activity is devoted exclusively to students. 
It is perhaps interesting to observe that even when a 
movement takes its initial inspiration from abroad, 
those elements regarded in Japan as most offensively 
garish are often quite painlessly extracted and smoothed 
out in the process of becoming a truly Japanese 

At the High School level such interdenominational 
work is carried out by Hi-BA (High School Born 
Againers] or High School Evangelism Fellowship. 
The staff of five full time evangelists (all men) and 
four missionaries are led by Mr. Akira Horiuchi and 
Mr. Kenneth Clark. The staff members hold regular 
weekly meetings in various centres in Kanto and 
Kansai, to which Christian students are encouraged 
to bring their unconverted friends. Often these Christ 
ians themselves hold small informal Bible study 
groups within their own schools. The summer 
camp programme is an integral part of the work 
there is a preparatory course of counsellor training, 


and the camps are well organised and efficiently 
run. For example, everyone must come at the begin 
ning and stay to the end ! Many find Christ as 
Saviour first at these camps. Naturally not all those 
who attend Hi-BA meetings are necessarily converted, 
nor do all who profess to be converted, necessarily 
prove to have been genuinely born of the Spirit. But 
many fine dedicated Christian young men and women 
entering the Universities were brought to Christ through 
the ministry of Hi-BA. 

Among University students, the indiginous K.G.K. 
(Kirisutosha Gakusei Kai} sometimes known as the 
Japan I.V.C.F. (Inter- Varsity Christian Fellowship) 
began spontaneously directly after the war when some 
students at Waseda University began to meet for 
prayer and Bible-study in 1947, and they first used 
the name of KGK. In the early days the movement 
was much helped and nurtured by missionaries as 
sociated with the Ochanomizu Student Centre, notably 
Miss Irene Webster-Smith, and while it has been 
independant of the Centre now for some years, its 
national office is still at the Centre and close and 
cordial relations are maintained with this and other 
centres, for example, the Waseda Centre initiated by 
Charles Corwin. 

KGK works on the * pure group philosophy be 
lieving that the best witness to students is made by 
their fellow students, so that student leadership and 
initiative is encouraged, while church pastors, univer 
sity professors and KGK staff are used as speakers. 
The spring and summer conferences, with about ten 
held each year over the different regions, are organised 
by the students themselves. They select themes, 
invite speakers, choose sites and chair all the meetings. 
The staff is small and highly mobile the General 


Secretary, Mr Hisashi Ariga, travelling indefatigably 
around the provinces south of Tokyo, while Mr Hisa- 
yuki Takahashi travels in Tohoku and Hokkaido. 
There are three other Japanese fulltime workers, and 
two or three missionaries (seconded by their missions 
at KGK s request) working from a more local base, 
as well as a loyal band of pastors (many of them old 
members) and missionaries who give generous volun 
tary help. 

Stress is also placed both upon private personal 
devotions daily (thus the first KGK publication was 
* The Quiet Time ) and also upon the corporate 
Daily Prayer Meeting on campus. New groups start 
ing are encouraged to begin with prayer meetings 
only, seeking the blessing and guidance of God first, 
and only then beginning any regular open meetings. 
Waseda University has a Daily Prayer Meeting now 
entering its seventeenth year. 

Apart from direct on-campus activity, KGK has 
engaged in publishing and some notable contributions 
have been the well-known one volume IVF New Bible 
Commentary and Towards Christian Marriage . More 
recently KGK has been concentrating on publishing 
books written for the thinking non-Christian, and 
distributing them through secular channels to ordinary 
bookstores the late Prof. C.S. Lewis Beyond Pre- 
sonality was the first of this new series of books of 

The work is almost entirely supported financially 
by a small band of young graduate supporters. This 
June the KGK plans two series of special evangelistsc 
meetings in Tokyo, a regular use of correspondence 
courses and will begin sponsorship of a radio pro 
gramme whose listening audience is mainly student. 

A newcomer on the scene is the Campus Crusade 


for Christ, which began in the United States fairly 
recently, and is actively promoting sister movements 
in other parts of the world where it is not as yet 
represented. In Japan they have an office at 8, 1- 
chome, Kudan, Chiyodo Ku, Tokyo (262-5015) and 
the Japan Director is Mr. Kosuke Maki. They have 
an attractive programme of camps, beautifully adver 
tised, and there are three other fulltime workers. 
Getting off the ground is often difficult until a move 
ment is known, and it is probably too early yet to 
know how this movement will develope in Japan. 
Doctrinally and in activities they differ little from 
KGK and HiBA though they have their own me 
thodology in evangelism and workers are trained at 
Arrowhead Springs in the approved methods. Staff 
leadership is stressed, but whether this will appeal to 
all students has yet to be seen. Support is largely 
from abroad though vigorous attempts are being made 
to raise funds in this country. 

The diversity of evangelical student work is not 
without its advantages for what matters to the pastors 
and missionaries, to laymen and graduates on univer 
sity staffs, as well as to the organised societies is that 
like Paul, we might * by all means save some . What 
matters is not initials, denominations, societies or 
methods so long as there is a stream of young men 
and women, born again and instructed in the Word 
of God, their lives devoted to the service of the 
Master we all love, pouring into the churches and 
into the society of Japan. 



John Barksdale 

Japan presents a wide variety of church-mission and 
church-missionary patterns of cooperation. This is 
due to the existence here of a great variety of national 
churches and overseas mission groups, all of which 
are in differing stages of development. Some have 
a history of a hundred years ; others have come or 
developed since World War II. It will be the purpose 
of this chapter to survey briefly the present patterns 
of relationship, with emphasis upon the developments 
since 1958, when this topic was covered in a Yearbook 
survey of postwar Protestant missons to that date. 
This survey will be narrower in scope, however, 
attempting to summarize only the field of church- 
missionary relationships. 

Stated more precisely, the topic to be considered 
is the formal structure of misson or missionary 
church relationships, and how this structure is mani 
fested in the following areas : 1) matters involving 
the personal life of the missionary, such as housing, 
salary, education of children, etc. : 2) the call, as 
signment, evaluation, and reassignment of mission 
aries; 3) the planning and execution of evangelism, 
church extenstion, Christian education, medical and 
social work, etc. Since it is impossible to cover all 
cases, the following have been selected as being re 
presentative of a wide variety of churches in respect 
to size, doctrine, organization, etc. 

268 A 


Missionaries Community Store 

Consult us on your problems : 



V^Vi VSx ****^ * 

40 Nampeidai-Machi, Shibuya-Ku, Tokyo 

X # SB & S K m a HI 40 & itb 
Phone: (461) 5881, 8870 

.^.^^.w^ 1 ? 

268 B 


For your ccnvicnccc we recommend you 
make your reservations in advance, due 

to the influx-of-Tourist, during Vs. // 
the Olympic Games in Japan y// 

Single rooms 500 to 1000 daily- 
Twin room with bath 3000 daily 
Twin rooms with out Private bath 
1200 to 1400 daily 

Kobe YMCA 

75, 2-clic:ne, Nakayamate-Dori, Ikutc-Ku, Kobe Japan. 
Tel : (33) 1 2 34 


Western Style, Breakfast 
Served, if desired 


225 Yamashita-cho Naka-ku 

Tel. (68) 2903 

Y W C A Rest-House 

(Lacy Cottage) 


No. 4245 Akiya, Yokosuka 
Tel. Okusu 110 




Make yourself at home. 
You are never a stranger. 

Helpful quiet: Economical 
Good location to the Pier: 


1-7, Tokiwa-cho, Naka-ku 

Tel: (68) 4264 

268 C 







3-1, Ginza-Higashi, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. (541) 6661 0618 


2-44, Tamagawa-Todoroki, Setagaya, Tokyo 
Tel. (701) 3481 9813 

BRANCH SHOP in Kyobunkivan 

Tel. (561) 8446 Ext. 4 

Mountain Lodge 

" Nishitake-Ryo " 

is open in Okunakayama 

for your conference 

for your vacation 

in all seasons 
Tel. Okunakayama 35(2) 

Japan Church World Service 

W C T U 

Nineteen district Unions with 
130 local Unions 


3-360 Hyakunin-cho, Shinjuku-ku, 


President : 

Mrs. Ochimi Kubushiro 
Recording Secretary 

Mrs. Ochimi Kubushiro 
Vice President : 

Mrs. Kuni Sawano 
Coresponding Secretary 

Mrs. Masako Munakata 
Treasurer : Miss Tame Obata 

268 D 


171 Amanuma 1-chome, Suginami-ku, Tokyo 
Telephone : 391 - 5161 (REP.) 


(Including X-Ray, Laboratory and Pharmacy} 

164 Onden 3-chome, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 

At the corner of 30th and Yoyogi Streets 

Near Harajuku Station 

Telephone : 401 - 1282 

Western style and Japanese style service available 

Notice : When leaving Japan ask for a Certificate of Vaccination. 

Your Only Complete 

Imported Drug Service 

in Japan 

Prescription Service 
Baby Needs 
Household Needs 
Greeing Cards, etc. 

American Pharmacy 

Nikkatau Int l Bldg, Tokyo. 

(271) 4034 
Kobe Branch Store: Tor Road. 

(3) 1352 

To place your 





...Widely Circulated 
English Publications . . . 
Please request an Appli 
cation form from our 
office aud send it back 
with the needed informa 


TOKYO Tel: (561) 8440, 3263, 1211 

Tel : (202) 8403 

268 E 

***** *."*."**"***",".*.*. 



Hours : 9 a. m. - - 12 a. m. Monday. Friday 

Telephone: 5618201 

3rd Floor 

(Opposite to Matsuya Dcpt. Store) 

2, 4-chome, Ginza St., Chuo-ku, Tokyo 


Dental and Oral Work. 
Done by Expert at Moderate Charges. 

Hours : 9 a. m. 5 p. m. 

Bible Bldg. (Kyobunkwan) 3rd Floor 
(Opposite to Matsuya Dept. Store) 

2, Ginza 4-chome, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 
Telephone : 561-1061 

268 F 


from Devastation 
to Reconstruction 

Appeal for Reconstruction Help 

Since its opening on August 11, 1947, this 
Hospital has attempted in the Name of Christ 
to serve the community at large as a medical 
and social welfare center. On January 6, 1960 
the greater part of the facilities was destroyed by fire. This tragedy 
necessitated the reconstruction of the hospital and the first of the three 
stages of reconstruction was completed in late May 1963 as shown in the 
pictures here attached. We express our sincere gratitude and appreciation 
for the help given by every phase of the community, not only from inland 
but over sea. 

The Hospital is still in need of such devices as wards, elevator, steam 
heating system to install in a possible earliest day. 

An attractive brochure in English giving details about the Hospital and 
the reconstruction program will be sent upon inquiry. 

We appreciate any support that you can give this Hospital. 

Director : Toshihiko Aliyachi 

Chairman Board of Trustees : 

Toshio Suekane 

General Contributions are 

handled by : 

Kinugasa Hospital Office 

P. O. Savings Transfer: 

Yokohama # 13963 

222 Koyabe-cho, Yokosuka, Japan 


Tel: (5) 1182 (Yokosuka 0468) 


I. N.C.C.-related 

A. United Church of Christ (Kyodan) . The funda 
mental pattern of missionary-church relation in the 
United Church is well-known and has not basically altered 
in the past six years. Seven denominations (United 
Presbyterian, U.S.A., Methodist, Disciples of Christ, 
Evangelical United Brethren, United Church of Canada, 
United Church of Christ, U.S.A., Reformed Church 
of America) cooperate with the United Church through 
the Interboard Committee (IBC) , with offices in New 
York. These churches have no mission organization 
in Japan ; their missionaries are integrated into the 
United Church organization. All matters involving 
the assignment and work of missionaries and coopera 
tion between the overseas churches and the United 
Church are handled by a Council of Cooperation 
(COC) with offices in Tokyo, consisting of eleven 
members of the United Church, eight members elected 
by Kyodan -related schools, six members from Kyodan- 
related social work agencies, and ten members elected 
by the IBC, upon receiving nominations from the 
field. Each missionary is a full member of the United 
Church and of the district in which his work is 
located, while at the same time retaining his member 
ship in his home church body. Missionaries are 
eligible to become pastors (when ordained), to serve 
on committees, to be elected as voting members of 
the district meeting or General Assembly, etc. 

Matters pertaining to missionary housing, personal 
work allowances, education of children, etc., are still 
left up to the missionaries themselves, being supervised 
by the IBC Missionary Field Committee, composed of the 
missionary representatives on the COC. All other 
matters involving missionaries, however, are handled 


by the COC and the district, institution or other 
Church body to which the missionary is assigned. 
Missionaries are assigned by the COC in answer to 
requests from districts and institutions. Their recall 
after furlough is subject to a favorable vote by the 
COC. Requests for financial aid from institutions, 
church agencies and districts, for such purposes as 
aid to pioneer evangelism projects, etc., are directed 
to the Mission Boards through the COC. 

A persistent problem since the beginning of the 
present organization has been the lack of any definite 
relation between the Christian schools with their tradi 
tional overseas relationships, and the United Church. 
In 1962 the Constitution of the United Church was 
amended so as to define this relationship from the 
church s standpoint, but the schools (thirty-five in all) 
continue to call themselves IBC -related rather than 
United Church-related. Recently the schools, through 
the COC, have decided that they will discontinue 
their old individual ties and ask for a lump-sum con 
tribution for educational work, which will then be 
apportioned by the COC. 

In regard to aid for church building, evangelists 
salaries, etc., the church has various plans for which 
it has requested IBC aid. Some of these are the 
"D" plan, which provides 400,000 per year for 
three years for high potential projects, or the "E" 
plan, which subsidizes a new project on a diminishing 
scale over a period of seven years. Approximately 
35% of the United Church Headquarters budget 
comes from overseas sources. In 1962 a campaign 
was begun to raise $ 2,780,000 in ten years, to enable 
the church to become self-supporting, except for such 
expensive items as TV and radio broadcasting, theologi 
cal education and some types of building. 


The United Church has other missionary relation 
ships besides the IBC. It allows full status to in 
dividual missionaries, at their request, of groups with 
which it is not officially related. Some who have 
this status of * Cooperating Missionary " are members 
of the German East Asia Mission and the German 
Midnight Mission. The former mission has offered 
financial aid for evangelism in new apartment develop 
ments. Still another type of relationship has been 
established recently with the Presbyterian Church, 
U.S., some missionaries of which had hitherto been 
"Cooperating Missionaries". It has become an as 
sociate member of the IBC. All mission members 
who wish to work with the United Church will 
henceforth do so through the regular IBC-COC chan 
nels. This church will differ from other IBC churches, 
however, in maintaining at the same time official ties 
with another Japanese denomination, the Christian 
Reformed Church, and also in continuing some kind 
of mission organization to deal with institutions and 
work related to neither denomination. The American 
Beptists are currently studying a similar arrangement 
with the United Church, while maintaining their 
connection with the Japan Baptist Union. 

The United Church has recently completed a re- 
study of the role of the missionary in the Japanese 
Church. Answers to questionnaires sent to both 
nationals and missionaries indicate that the large 
majority favor a continuation of the present general 
type of relation. Some recommendations for improve 
ment were that the church take more responsibility 
for missionary orientation ; that more careful job descrip 
tions be given when missionaries are requested ; that 
the districts really carry out the present provision for 
the receiving and guidance of new personnel ; and that 


the COC confer with the missionary before going 
on furlough for evaluation and reassignment, rather 
than reassigning while on furlough. 
B. Anglican Episcopal Church of Japan. This is 
a case of perhaps even more complete integration. 
Though the church contains a substantial number of 
overseas personnel, sent by various societies from the 
U.S., England, Canada and Australia, the church 
requests them originally, stations them, and defines 
their area of work. They are directly responsible to 
the bishop, school, etc., as the case may be. 

American personnel retain their membership in the 
home church, but for all practical purposes are treated 
as having full church membership in Japan, being 
invited to participate (if clergymen) in diocese elec 
tions. British personnel are considered to belong only 
to the church in Japan as long as they are here ; yet 
they move freely back into the home church upon 
return. There is a central office of the American 
Episcopal Church which, at the request of the Japan 
Church, handles matters of missionary salary, housing, 
pastoral advice, etc. British missionary societies de 
signate one person for the same purpose. 

The church requests aid from overseas for new 
church and institution projects through this office, 
which studies them, makes suggestions, and recom 
mends them to the overseas churches if they seem 
wise. With about $ 100,000 from overseas sources 
the church has set up a revolving loan fund for 

The well-known project, KEEP, at Kiyosato, which 
has received much help from the U.S., is independent 
of church control, but is Anglican in all matters of 
worship and church life. 

With vigorous young leadership, this second largest 


Protestant church in Japan has shown marked maturity 
and initiative in recent years, especially since its 100th 
anniversary in 1959. 

C. Baptist Convention of Japan. This denomina 
tion is assisted by the Southern Baptist Mission, but 
the church and mission remain independent bodies 
with no organizational connection. This means, 
naturally, that the mission is responsible for the 
salaries, housing, etc., of its missionaries. Final 
decision as to assignment of missionaries is the re 
sponsibility of the mission, but only after consultation 
with the Convention s personnel committee. The 
mission attempts no evangelistic work on its own. 
All its members move their church membership from 
American churches to specific local churches in Japan, 
and as individuals they have the same status as 
Japanese members. If elected they may be voting 
messengers to the Annual Meeting. All may attend 
and express opinions. Some serve as associate staff 
officers of the Convention, officially under the direction 
of the Japanese officers. An evangelistic effort such 
as the New Life Movement in 1963, though proposed 
by the overseas church, must be approved by the 
Convention. Though the above campaign was en 
thusiastically accepted by the great majority of the 
Convention, some strong statements were made in 
opposition, and under Baptist polity, those churches 
which did not wish to cooperate were free to hold 

The mission makes outright capital grants of un 
specified amounts for land, up to two million yen for 
the church building, and up to one million yen for 
the pastor s dwelling or building of a pioneer project. 
The priority of these projects, and the amounts, are 
determined by the Convention. There is also a Re- 


volving Loan Fund, administered by the Convention, 
with the requirement that the loan be repaid in five 
years, though there is some discussion concerning the 
advisability of increasing to ten years. The mission 
also makes outright grants to institutions, such as its 
hospital in Kyoto and Seinan Gakuin in Fukuoka. 
The mission subsidizes salaries of the pastors of preach 
ing stations. Most pastors of organized churches do 
not receive any subsidy, but about ten of these still 
do. This also is done according to priorities set by 
the Convention. 

A proposal to the Convention will be made this 
year to decrease subsidies by 25% per year after the 
fifth year, in order to increase incentive. The Con 
vention has begun to take responsibility for its own 
outreach by establishing a Cooperative Evangelism 
Fund. By making small contributions from this fund 
to Seinan and the hospital, the Convention is stating 
its sense of relation to and responsibility for these 

D. Evangelical Lutheran Church of Japan. This 
denomination is the result of the union in 1963 of 
the Japan Evangelical Lutheran Church and the Tokai 
Evangelical Lutheran Church. Associated with it are 
the missionaries of the Lutheran Church in America, 
the American Lutheran Church, the Lutheran Evan 
gelical Association of Finland, the Denmark Mission 
Society, the Christian Mission to Buddhists, and the 
North German Mission Society. A seminary, several 
schools, and also welfare institutions are connected 
with the church. 

New patterns of overseas-Japan relations are in the 
process of development. In January of this year a 
Committee for Cooperation was established which will 
be roughly equivalent to the Council of Cooperation 


of the United Church. A significant difference, 
however, is that besides the church representatives, 
the Committee will be composed of representatives 
directly from the related boards who will come to 
Japan for the meetings. Thus an even more direct 
church-to-church relation is hoped for than obtains in 
the United Church. Requests for personnel and funds 
will be directed to the cooperating boards through 
this Committee. It will assign missionaries to various 
places of work. As in the case of the United Church, 
missionaries hold membership both in their home 
churches and in the Japanese church. They are 
voting members of the Convention. 

Approximately one third of the churches are fully 
self-supporting. Others receive varying degrees of aid 
from the church, much of this coming from abroad. 
The only condition laid down for aid for building is 
that the local congregation provide ten per cent. 

II. Non-NC.C.-related 

A. Japan Alliance Christian Church (The Evan 
gelical Alliance Mission TEAM) In this case the 
mission and the church have the same legal holding 
body, but mission and church operate on separate 
parallel lines. The mission not only concerns itself 
with matters having to do with missionaries them 
selves, but it pursues an evangelistic program as a 
mission, hiring evangelists, etc. The missionaries of 
any locality are free to plan the work for their own 
area, deciding upon the preaching points, but the 
location of a missionary residence must be finally 
approved by the mission. Missionaries usually do not 
belong to churches in Japan, but there are some cases 
of dual membership. As a rule, after a preaching 


point has been well-established and is ready to become 
independent, it elects to join the Alliance Church, 
but this is optional and some remain independent. 
There is in practice, of course, much consultation 
between the church and mission in such matters as plac 
ing missionaries or opening new work, but there is 
no formal requirement. 

It has been the policy of TEAM not to give national 
churches financial aid, but to insist on self-support 
from the start. This principle is held in common by 
many of the conservative evangelical groups. In view 
of actual circumstances, however, some few exceptions 
have come to be admitted. Also, the mission has 
provided the church with a loan fund for land and 
building. It is administered wholly by the church. 

The Alliance Church, as well as the other denomina 
tions associated with conservative evangelical missions, 
many of which have only a post-war history, has 
shown increased growth and maturity during the past 
six years. 

B. Japan Christian Presbyterian Church. This is 
one of the many very small groups which have de 
veloped as the result of post-war conservative witness. 
Born from the work of missionaries of the Evangeli 
cal Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), it is now, in spite 
of its short history and small numbers, an independent 
Japanese church, with its own presbytery. Mission 
aries are honorary members of the presbytery, and 
serve on committees, but they have no vote. Here 
again the policy is to encourage self-support, and the 
mission does not buy land or build churches. It will 
lend up to ten per cent of building costs to a church 
which already has a program going. Most pastors 
must supplement their income with outside work. 
This is true, incidentally, for many pastors in all 



C. Others. Most of the conservative groups seem 
to favor organizational separation from the correspond 
ing Japanese church and emphasize self-support and 
independence of the Japanese church. One exception 
to the former rule is the Immanuel General Mission, 
a Japanese church into which the Wesleyan Methodist 
missionaries are completely integrated, and work under 
the direction of national leadership. Many variations 
in the latter policy are to be observed. Even the 
groups favoring the most rigid self-support policy 
often provide loan funds to be administered by the 
denominations. Others will furnish the original land 
and building as a loan to be repaid. One mission 
gives the land as a grant, then lends money for 
building. These practices reflect the extremely high 
cost of land and the comparatively high cost of build 
ing in present-day Japan. 

Finally, some note should be taken of the Christian 
groups which exist completely independent of any 
overseas cooperation. Needless to say, the Non-church 
group is one of these, though at least one leader has 
taken part in ecumenical discussions (Prof. Goro 
Maeda at Montreal in 1963) . Another is the Original 
Gospel Movement, which, however, sponsored some 
lectures in Japan by Dr. Otto Piper of Princeton 
Seminary in 1963. A glance at the statistical chart 
at the back of the book will show that one of the 
largest Protestant churches in Japan is an indigenous 
group which has no overseas aid or connections, 
namely the Spirit of Jesus Church. It is a quasi- 
Pentecostal group which holds that salvation is available 
only to its own members. 

It is obvious that this topic is worthy of a far more 
comprehensive investigation. However, though the 


Japanese Pretestant Church includes at least eighty 
denominations, with more than one hundred and fifty 
mission societies, the number of churches and total mem 
bership of the groups mentioned above constitute at 
least 75% of the total Protestant constituency. Fur 
thermore, neither time nor space permit the exhaustive 
survey which the coverage of all groups requires. 

(It has been observed by competent students of the 
missionary enterprise, that there are at least three 
stages in the evolution of Church and Mission relation 
ships, i.e. : (1) the explorer or pioneer stage, when 
the Mission is the Church ; (2) the colonial stage 
when the autonomous Mission works alongside the 
autonomous Church, though in cooperation with it ; 
(3) the final stage when the Church becomes the 
mission, with the missionary working in and through 
the Church as it carries out its mission to the world. 
The Protestant movement in Japan today is an epitome 
of the various patterns of Church, Mission, and 
Missionary cooperation which have developed here 
during the past one hundred years. Edit.) 


Edited by Gordon Chapman 

Although the following listed associations are not 
all restricted to missionary participation, without ex 
ception, they all involve a large degree of missionary 
interest and activity. However, it is also true that 
there are other missionary associations which promote 
the fellowship, cooperation and Christian witness of 
the participants. A good example is the association 
of missionaries of the Interboard Committee for Chri 
stian Work in Japan, which constitutes a fellowship 
of about 400 workers of the seven foreign mission 
agencies which cooperate with the United Church of 
Christ in Japan. And the same may also be said of 
other interdenominational missionary associations 
which cooperate with Japanese denominations. All 
these have similar aims and provide not only the 
benefits envisioned by the Japan Council of Evangeli 
cal Missions, but also a number of others. 

In a real sense of the term, all these associations 
are " ecumenical," in that there is the common purpose 
of fostering good relations between all members of 
the body of Christ. And doubtless all who participate 
in these associations are glad to unite in the prayer 
that " under the influence and guidance of the Holy 
Spirit, the church will come into unity of the faith 
and the knowledge of the Son of God unto the 
measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ." 

The following articles on Missionary Associations 
represent a good cross section of missionary thinking 
in some of the more important areas of Christian 


concern in Japan at this time. 


Lloyd Neve 

Unlike most organizations, the Fellowship of Christ 
ian Missionaries in Japan (FCM) appears to thrive 
heartily on a small budget, and a simple organization. 
Its purpose is "to promote fellowship, mutual under 
standing, and the spirit of unity among the mission 
aries comprising it ; and to provide an opportunity 
for gatherings of an inspirational and educative 
character." It has its historical roots in the Standing 
Committee on Cooperating Missions formed in 1902, 
succeeded by the Federation of Christian Missions in 
1911, which became the present FCM of Japan in 
1935. Membership at present is purely voluntary and 
includes those missionaries who pay the annual dues 
of 500 yen, generally collected at the time of the 
annual conference. 

The FCM exists almost entirely in the Annual 
Conference, although both the Kansai and Kanto 
regions hold mid-year meetings. True to its stated 
purpose, the conference combines fellowship with 
study and deepening of the spiritual life of the 
participating missionaries. 

Walter Baldwin (PCUS) served as President during 
the year, 1962-3, Noah Brannen (ABFMS) as Vice- 
president with Mary Lou Palmore (MC) the Secretary, 
and Parker Anspach (LCA) the Treasurer. The 
theme of the 1963 confrerence, held at Lake Nojiri, 
July 31-August 2, was "The Gospel, the Culture and 



Henry Jones (UPC) gave a paper on the " Pattern 
of Industrial Society in Japan" ; Junichiro Sako, well- 
known novelist, gave one on " Christianity and Japan 
ese Literature ; and Takaaki Aikawa, noted psychologist, 
one on " The Christian Gospel and Japanese Men 
tality." John Niemeyer (ABFMS) led the daily 
Bible study hour. 

A significant development in the FCM meeting was 
the decision to make another attempt at a rapproche 
ment with the Evanglical Missionary Association of 
Japan, which, organized after the last war, split the 
previously united missionary community into two 
somewhat rival camps. It is hoped that an exchange 
of fraternal delegates may serve in a small way to 
further cooperation between these two groups. In 
keeping with this spirit, it was decided to recommend 
to the Shadan of the United Church of Canada the 
transfer of the Karuizawa Union Church property, 
long held in trust, to the Christian community in 
Karuizawa. During the prewar years this had served 
as the meeting place of the Federation of Christian 
Missions and the F.C.M. 

Officers serving 1963-4 are : Lloyd Neve (ALC) , 
President, Mrs. Joyce Wright (SB), Secretary, Fred 
Honaman (PEC), Treasurer, and John Barksdale (P. 
C.U.S), Vice-president. The conference, planned for 
the I.C.U. campus in July, 1964, will include as a 
speaker : Dr. Eugene Nida, Translation Secretary of 
the American Bible Society. Another featured speaker 
will be Dr. J.M.T. Winther (ALC), whose missionary 
career in Japan overlaps, with some years to spare, the 
history of the FCM and its predecessor bodies, and 
who was present in 1902 when the Standing Com 
mittee of the Cooperating Missions was formed. The 


FCM also maintains its contact with the past in the 
person of Dr. A. J. Stirewalt (ALC) , who has faith 
fully served for many years as necrologist. 

The FCM continues to be the sponsor of the 
" Independent Journal of Christian Thought and Opin 
ion", the Japan Christian Quarterly, edited by Miss 
Esther Hibbard, through the publication committee 
elected by the annual conference. Lief Salomonsen 
(NMS), Douglas Swendseid (ALC), and Richard 
Merritt (PEC) were elected to this committee in 1963. 
The Quarterly has been somewhat successful in a 
subscription drive, so that the magazine now has a 
circulation of nearly 1000. 


William Lautz 

The Evangelical Missionary Association of Japan 
(EMAJ) , founded in 1947, is an association of evan 
gelical missionaries who come together for fellowship 
and cooperation. Members must agree to the follow 
ing doctrinal statement, regarded as basic and vital : 

A. We believe the Bible, as originally given, to 
be the verbally inspired, only infallible, authori 
tative Word of God. II Tim. 3 : 16 ; II Peter. 

B. We believe there is one God, eternally existent 
in three persons, Father, Son and Holy Spirit. 
Deut. 6:4; Is. 43 : 10, 11 ; I Tim. 2 : 5 ; I 
Cor. 8:4; Matt. 28: 19. 

We believe in the deity of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, in His virgin birth, in His sinless life, 


in His miracles, in His vicarious and atoning 
death through His shed blood, in His bodily 
resurrection, in His ascension to the right hand 
of the Father, and in His personal return in 
power and glory. Jn. 1:1 18 ; Heb. 1:8; 
Tit. 2 : 13 ; I Jn. 5 : 20 ; I Cor. 15 : 3,4. 

D. We believe that all men are sinners, and that 
for the salvation of lost and sinful man, re 
generation by the Holy Spirit is absolutely 
essential. Rom. 3:23: Jn. 3:7; Luke 24 : 46, 
47; Jn. 1:12,13; I Pet. 1 : 18,19,23 ; Rom. 

E. We believe in the present ministry of the Holy 
Spirit, by whose indwelling the Christian is 
enabled to live a godly life. Tit. 3:5; Gal. 
5:22,23; I Thess. 5:23,24. 

F. We believe in the resurrection of both the 
saved and the lost ; they that are saved unto 
the resurrection of life and they that are lost 
unto the resurrection of damnation (Jn. 6:28, 
29; Rev. 14:11) 

G. We believe in the spiritual unity of believers 
of our Lord Jesus Christ. Rom. 12 : 5 ; I Cor. 
10:17; Gal. 3:28; Jn. 17:21; Eph. 4:13. 

With this unity on essentials there is abundant 
room for charity on nonessentials, and the member 
ship, which is on an individual basis, comes from a 
wide range of mission bodies. 

An annual conference is held each summer in 
Karuizawa. In 1963, this featured as speakers Dr. 
Kurt Koch, German Lutheran minister, psychiatrist 
and authority on demonism ; and Rev. Robertson 
McQuilkin, TEAM missionary in Japan. Dr. T. 
Stanley Soltau spoke at a banquet in Tokyo in June. 
Two conferences on " Prayer and Revival " were held 


in Karuizawa in March and May, led by Joseph 
Carroll, EMAJ President. A Woman s Tea held at 
the Sanno Hotel in Tokyo in April afforded missionary 
women an opportunity to share with their Japanese 
friends their love for Jesus Christ and a knowledge 
of His salvation. 

" The Awakening," a book dealing with revival in 
China, was distributed free to EMAJ members. 

A quarterly magazine, the " Japan Harvest," pro 
vides a voice for EMAJ ; inspiration for missionaries 
and information of value to them. An annual Mis 
sionary Directory is also published. 

With the newer Japan Council of Evangelical Mis 
sions, EMAJ issued a call to three other organizations 
to consider forming a loose alliance of evanglicals for 
the purposes of fellowship in Christ, exchange of 
information about activities, and presenting a united 
evangelical front on the modern Japanese scene. The 
Fukuin Renmei, Japan Protestant Council and the 
Japan Bible Christian Council indicated their interest 
in the proposal. 

Officers of the Association for the first part of 1963 
were Joseph Carroll (IND) President ; Frank Kong- 
stein (NEOM) Vice-president ; William F. Lautz 
(IND) Secretary ; L.E. Heil (JCG) Treasurer ; and the 
following members-at-large : Harry Friesen (JMBM) , 
Robert Verme (CMSJ), and Donnel McLean (AG) . 
Elections in the summer made Arthur T.F. Reynolds 
(OMF) Vice-president; Wesley Wilson (TEAM) 
Treasurer ; and Samuel Pfeifer (IND) and Neil Young 
(IND) , members-at-large, replacing Verme and Mc 



Philip Foxwell 

When the JBCC wrote Prime Minister Ikeda last year 
urging that the government cancel its plan to sponsor 
mokuto for the war dead, the organization was putting 
into practise its concern for the constitutional pro 
visions which call for a separation of church and 
state. The JBCC continues as an organization pledged 
to the support of policies which grow out of the 
initial purpose. This was stated in 1950 to be "an 
agency unequivocally opposed to all forms of unbelief, 
idolatry, and compromise with them, and unreservedly 
dedicated as a witness to the faith once for all de 
livered unto the saints. 

Soon to come from the press under JBCC sponsor 
ship is a book dealing with the origins of Japanese 
culture and their relationship to Christianity. Pro 
fessor Tomonobu Yanagita has worked for several 
years on research and writing and it is expected that 
the early publication of this work will increase the 
understanding of problems which are rooted in the 
clash of culture with the Christian witness. This will 
soon be available at most book-sellers after a con 
siderable delay occasioned by worthwhile revisions. 

In keen appreciation of the contribution of General 
Douglas MacArthur to the missionary movement, the 
JBCC sent the following cable : " Japan Missionaries 
express sincere condolences passing great benefactor, 
statesman, friend. Psalm 55:22" 

When the visit of the Czech theologian, Dr. Josef 
Hromadku, to Japan was projected, the JBCC con 
sidered it in line with their policy to publish the 


appraisal of Professor Matthew Spinka (Hartford 
Theological Seminary) which offered evidence that 
Dr. Hromodka is "communism s most effective agent 
as it presses the cold war in the sphere of the Pro 
testant church." The expression of opposition to 
Hromadka is typical of the JBCC attitude toward any 
influences deemed unhelpful to the upbuilding of a free 
church sustained by a conservative theological position. 

The publication termed "The Bible Times" is not 
an organ of the JBCC. However the publishers of 
the Bible Times are in sympathy with the aims and 
policy of the JBCC. Therefore the activities of the 
JBCC are usually publicized through the medium of 
the BT. For example, mokuso (silent meditation) 
as a substitute for mokuto, was proposed by the JBCC 
and publicized in this paper. Because mokuto is 
understood as a call to pray to or for the spirits of 
the war dead the JBCC believed the action of the 
Demobilization Department in calling for mokuto could 
infringe on the guarantees of the constitution. Pro 
blems of this nature which are dealt with by the 
JBCC are usually given full coverage in the Bible 

As previously stated : " The Council is not a church 
and seeks to avoid over-lapping into activity considered 
to be the basic responsibility of the church, such as 
evangelism. An illustration sometimes used to illustrate 
its function is that of the local community s fire de 
partment. For much of the year the fire department 
may scarcely be noticed. But when an emergency 
arises it is organized and ready to act. The JBCC 
is organized and ready to speak out whenever it feels 
it must, when freedom is challenged or principle 
compromised in the areas of faith or church and state." 



Takaoki Tokiwa. (John Schwab} 

The year of 1959, the 100th year of Protestant 
Missions in Japan, was commemorated hy various pro 
jects in the Christian world. Among such projects, 
those who believe in the Bible as a completely God- 
inspired Book started a movement called the Japan 
Protestant Centennial. This movement was supported 
by more than one thousand Japanese pastors and some 
800 missionaries, who participated as individuals, irre 
spective of their denominational affiliation. This un 
pretentious work contributed substantially to the 
Christian testimony here. The reason for starting 
this movement was, firstly, because we believe that 
Protestantism is Christianity based on the Bible. The 
reformer s work, which was Bible-based, contributed 
to the foundation of modern Christian civilization. 
Just as the Bible was the source of their strength, so we 
too wanted to strengthen ourselves by following in 
their way. Secondly, it seems that more and more 
Protestant Christians have come to reject the complete 
inspiration of the Bible, thus weakening the effect 
of blessing and the warning of our living God. We 
wanted to awaken people, especially professing Chri 
stians, to this grave fact. We thank the Lord that this 
work was carried through with His abundant blessing. 

In the Central Committee Meeting of J.P.C. held 
in November of the same year in Atami, a proposition 
was made to form a " permanent organization " to 
continue the work of Bible-faith propagation into the 
2nd century. This was agreed upon and a preparatory 
committee was organized. About 90 people (including 


missionaries) joined in this renewed venture from all 
over the country. Then in February of the next year 
some 40 representatives met together, and the new 
Japan Protestant Conference (J.P.C.) was organized. 
Its purposes are : 1) To spread Bible faith throughout 
Japan. 2) To stand against the traditional Japanese 
religion, Shinto, which does not harmonize with Bible 
faith. This will be done through studying and coping 
with the problems of the Shinto shrines in a practical 
way. 3) Revision of the colloquial Japanese Bible. 4) 
Promotion of Bible-based education. Besides these, 
special committees for overseas mission, encouraging 
laymen s movements, etc. were elected. 

Though difficult here in Japan, all of the above- 
mentioned efforts are important, and with the help 
of the Lord and through the earnest cooperation of 
each committee member the project of spreading Bible- 
faith is being carried out by many meetings held every 
year in various places, and the study of shrine 
problems is making progress. Also, members of 
J.P.C. are sharing in the translation project in pre 
paration for the publication of the " New Japanese 
Bible," with John already available. As to the foreign 
missions field, lectures have been given in order that 
more people may know about this need and respond. 

The 4th " Zenkoku Kyogi Kai " of the JPC was 
held at Atami, February 19-20, 1963, when the chief 
speakers were a converted Communist, a converted 
Shinto priest and a converted Roman Catholic priest. 

A Church Problems Seminar for pastors and 
missionaries was held at Tokyo, June 18-19, 1963 
with two addresses by Minoru Okada on the " Evalua 
tion of Unorthodox Views of the Bible", one by 
Tsugio Tsutada on " Problems of Evangelical Faith 
in Japan," and one by Takaoki Tokiwa on " How 


we got our Infallible Bible." There were also panel 
discussions of such subjects as " Bible Faith and 
Church Life," and " Bible Faith and Idolatrous 

The semi-annual conference on November 11-12, 
1963 heard an address by Donald Moke on " Recent 
Developments and Trends in the World Ecumenical 
Scene", and one by Satoru Moriyama on "How to 
Minister to Members of Soka Gakkai." 

At the 5th " Nenkoku Kyogi Kai " (Nationwide 
Administrative Committee) at Atami in February, 
1964, a report on last year s activities was made and 
new directions were established. Fervent prayer and 
serious discussions were given to pursue the original 
aim of Bible-faith cooperation. According to the report 
at this meeting, the number of members is now 739 
(547 Japanese and 192 missionaries) . Though not a 
large number, each one is firmly standing on his faith 
in God s Word, as the 300 warriors of Gideon. 

Recently the ecumenical movement has become ac 
tive among the churches. We think it is a good 
thing to unite different churches who are standing 
together in faith in Jesus Christ who is revealed in 
God s infallible written Word. Thus we cannot agree 
with narrow sectarianism. However, union and co 
operation without a clearly delineated Biblical doctrinal 
basis is dangerous and could only lead to confusion. 
There can be true spiritual unity only among those 
whose faith is in God s infallible Word. 

Furthermore, it is impossible to fight the evils of 
the world and conquer without the use of the Word of 
God the Bible (Ephes. 6 : 17) . But, in order to use 
the Word of God effectively, we must constantly pray 
and train ourselves so that we can make His Word 
our own. The weakness of the Japanese people today 


is that they have lost their goal of life. As nationals, 
we want to be given something for which to live 
based upon the truth of God, which is revealed in 
the Bible, God s infallible Word. 


John Hesselink 

The Reformed Theological Conference was organized 
first of all with the idea of providing an opportunity 
for missionaries and pastors of various Presbyterian- 
Reformed denominations to meet together, explore 
their common heritage and relate it to their witness 
in Japan. This purpose has been fully accomplished 
in that representatives of at least six Presbyterian and 
Reformed denominations participate in this conference. 
Nowhere else in the world is a similar confrontation 
taking place. 

It was also hoped, however, that others from dif 
ferent backgrounds would share in this theological 
enterprise. This goal also has met with surprising 
success. The first chairman was an Anglican. At 
the 1964 conference over half of the participants were 
from non-Presbyterian-Reformed denominations ! The 
conference, moreover, has quite an international charac 
ter. Eight nations were represented at the most 
recent gathering. 

The first conference was held in 1957 at the Osaka 
Christian Center which has been the site for all 
subsequent conferences. Speakers have included dis 
tinguished guests from abroad such as John Mackay, 
John Wick Bowman and Henry Stob, but most of 


the lecturers have been Japanese theologians and local 
missionaries. The theme of the 1963 Conference was 
" The Inspiration and Authority of the Scriptures. 
The theme of the 1964 conference was " The Holy 
Spirit in the Church." The theme for 1965 is 
" Christian Devotion." 


Gordon Chapman 

One of the most significant features of the postwar 
Christian movement in Japan is the proliferation of 
mission societies. The number of missionaries has 
more than doubled, while the number of missions 
has increased fourfold. Furthermore, unlike the pre 
war period, there is no all-inclusive missionary associa 
tion which facilitates effective dialogue between in 
dividual workers. This is in spite of the fact that 
all who have responded to Christ s call are essentially 
one in Him and partake of the unity of the Holy 

In response to this need for more effective mission 
ary dialogue concerning vital matters of mutual con 
cern, the Missionary Seminar was inaugurated in 
January 1960, and has annual sessions at the Lacy- 
kan, Hayama, Kanagawa-Ken. Though the Seminar 
is quite informal and has no official auspices, it has 
been well attended with participants coming from a 
large number of mission groups. The constituency 
includes all those who have attended past Seminars 
and any other missionary men who are interested. The 
fellowship of the Holy Spirit and the manifest presence 
of the Lord has encouraged mutual sharing of problems 


pand shortcomings, with consequent renewal and bles 
sing to many. 

Each Seminar has considered a particular theme 
which has special relevance for the Christian Move 
ment in Japan. Thus far, these have included : Our 
Ministry of Reconciliation (2 Cor. 5 : 18) ; The 
Missionary and the Japanese Church (Phil. 2:5); 
An Apologetic for Christian Witness in Japan (2 
Cor. 5 : 17) ; Christian Discipleship in Japan (John 
13 : 34, 35 ; Luke 9 : 23) and the Communication of 
the Gospel in Japan (Mk. 16:15; Mt. 28:19, 20). 
Each theme is developed through a series of well 
prepared papers and followed by open and free discus 
sion periods. There has always been a very generous 
and candid sharing of various points of view, with 
the result that all have been greatly helped and in 
spired for a more effective ministry. An extended 
period is set aside each day for group Bible study, 
with morning and evening sessions for united prayer. 
Time is also provided for Special Interest Groups 
where particular problems can be dealt with in effec 
tive fashion. 

The Seminar Papers, together with the Special 
Interest Group Findings, are published annually and 
are availiable at moderate cost as long as the supply 

The next Seminar is scheduled for January 5-7, 
1965 at the Lacy-Kan, Hayama. The theme for con 
sideration will be " The Layman in the Life of the 
Japanese Church." The Seminar Committee includes : 
Joe Gooden, Chairman, Raymond Hammer and Carl 



A. Paul McGarvey 

The roots of the Japan Council of Evangelical Mis 
sions (JCEM) can be traced back several years. The 
justification for such an organization became more and 
more apparent to evangelical mission leaders as they 
met from time to time to discuss and plan for work 
in areas of mutual interest. It became quite apparent 
that the evangelical missions in Japan could greatly 
strengthen their work if some sort of organization 
was perfected whereby their liaison with each other 
could be facilitated and carried on regularly. There 
fore a Constitution was drawn up, that, in part, says : 
* ---we recognize the necessity of providing for 
cooperative action and a united voice as evangelical 
missions- --to provide liaison, representation and co 
operative action as may be deemed feasible within 
the stipulations of this Constitution- 
The first Plenary session of JCEM was held in 
Tokyo in the Spring of 1961, and since that time 
the organization has grown until it now has a total 
membership of twenty-eight missions, which represent 
a total of nearly five hundred missionaries. The 
missions vary in size from seventy missionaries to four 
missionaries. Voting privileges and membership fees 
are in proportion to the number of active missionaries 
in Japan. 

This was a new venture in cooperative action among 
evangelical missions, when each group actively sought 
to look for and work together in areas that in some 
cases had not been thought of before. There was 
some apprehension at first, but over these few past 


months, there has developed rapidly an appreciation 
for the viewpoint of the various members, and a re 
markable desire to make modifications without com 
promising individual principles. There is now an 
ever increasing confidence in each other among mem 
bers, that is producing some remarkable achievements. 

Thus far JCEM has appointed working Committees 
in the fields of Christian Education of church and 
Christian workers in Japan, Legal affairs (such as 
representation to the Japanese government in Income 
Tax matters) , Disaster Relief work, travel of mission 
aries to and from Japan and a New Projects committee 
which has spearheaded the effort to bring to Japan 
a clear evangelical Christian testimony during and 
immediately after the Olympic Games in Tokyo in 

In the first mentioned area of work, the JCEM 
Christian Education Committee called together for 
the first time, the School leaders from several Theologi 
cal and Bible College institutions. As a result of this 
gathering everyone was encouraged to push on with 
the idea of an organization for Theological training 
schools in Japan. The final outcome of this movement 
was the launching of the JAPAN ASSOCIATION 
Already this association has rendered some valuable 
assistance to its members and associate schools. 

It was the privilege of the JCEM legal affairs 
Committee to arrange for a meeting with the head 
of the Japanese Income Tax Bureau in the spring of 
1963, at which time the Cabinet Minister announced 
that foreign residents in Japan would be relieved of 
the twenty percent gross income tax in the near future.* 

* (Actually this took effect in January 1963 and there has been 
no such tax since that time. Edit.) 


This followed considerable ground work with govern 
ment leaders in the native country of some foreign 
missionaries in Japan. 

In the area of Disaster Relief, under the expert 
hands of experienced relief workers, a short " Disaster 
Relief Manual " (of the how-to-do-it variety) has been 
completed and circulated among members and available 
to all who request them. Believing that " a stitch in 
time saves nine" the JCEM has divided the entire 
area of Japan into eight sections with a Chairman 
over each section. JCEM has made available a modest 
amount of money for immediate use in disaster areas, 
which will be administered by these area chairmen. 

Scores of missionaries within the past two years 
have enjoyed unprecedented travel opportunities be 
cause of the charter flights arranged by the JCEM 
travel committee. At a price averaging about three 
hundred seventy five dollars, missionaries and their 
families have been flown from Tokyo to London with 
stopovers in Hongkong, the Holy Land, Rome and 
other Eurpean centers This current year three such 
flights are leaving Tokyo in the early summer and 
one to the States. 

The Olympic Christian Testimony committee which 
is now actively arranging for coordinated evangelism 
in Tokyo during the Olympic Games period, grew 
out of the initial interest displayed in JCEM among 
its members, and the first meeting of mission and 
Japanese Christian leaders to consider such evangelical 

In these practical ways JCEM has sought to serve 
not just its members but the entire Christian mission 
ary program in this land. Representing missions on 
a responsible level it has resources and the advantage 
of mature counsel from a wide circle. The years 


activities usually climax with a day-long Strategy 
Conference, open to all who care to attend. In these 
conferences such critical problems as : Nationalism 
and Contemporary Missions, Evangelical Ecumenism, 
etc. are discussed. In these special meetings such 
visiting dignitaries as Dr. M.C. Tenny of the Wheaton 
College Graduate School, and Dr. Peters of Dallas 
Theological Seminary have led the discussions and 
lectured the group. 

Pressure of persistent needs, heightening world ten 
sions, antagonism of unsympathetic movements, and 
the admonition of God s Word itself have motivated 
the activities of JCEM. Until the harvest day is past 
and our work on earth is done, we invite the workers 
of Japan to cooperate with us on the Bible basis. 

X X X X 

This completes the narrative section (Parts I- IV) 
of the Japan Christian Yearbook 


Part V, which follows, is devoted 
exclusively to the following Directories : 

1. Japanese Church Headquarters & Statistics 

2. Christian Schools 

3. Protestant Social Work 

4. Headquarters of Other Religious and Social 


5. Mission Boards and Societies 

6. List of Protestant Missionaries 


(The Directories have been compiled by the office of 
the Interboard Committee for Christian Work in Japan 
(IBC), Rm. 802, Bible House, 2, Ginza, 4-chome, 
Chuo Ku, Tokyo. Please address this office concern 
ing errors and other matters pertaining to this section) 



(Groups marked with an asterisk though quasi-Christian 
are included for information.) 

Statistical Key: 

A Number of Churches 

B Number of Japanese Ministers 

(ordained & unordained) 
C Number of Missionaries 
D Church membership 

Advent Church 

(Adobento Kyodan) 
2276 Higashi Iwakura-machi, 
Kurayoshi-shi, Tottori-ken 
Supt. : Rev. Kinji Kato 
A-8, B-7, C-4, D-277 

Alliance Church of Japan 

(Nihon Domei Kirisuto Kyodan) 
15 Uenohara, Nakano-ku, 

Tel. 361 1539 

Supt. : Rev. Masaichi Matsuda 
A 38, B-80, C- D 1,932 


American Baptist Association 

(Beikoku Baputesuto Kyokai) 
876, Sakuradai, Kashiwa-shi, 

Supt. : Rev. Misao Amari 
A-4, B-4, C-l, D-120 

Anglican Episcopal Church of 

(Nihon Seikokai) 
23 Tokiwamatsu-cho, Shibuya- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 401-2314 

Presiding Bishop : The Rt. Rev. 
Hinsuke Yashiro 
A 340, B 383, C 59, D-45,585 

401 2314 




Apostolic Faith 

(Shito no Shinko Dendo Dan) 
1017, 1-chome, Kugahara-cho 
Oota-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 751-4211 

Supt. : Rev. Kanemasa Yama- 
A-2, B-2, D-47 


Assemblies of God Church of 

(Nihon Assemblies of God Kyo- 

430, 3-chome Komagome, 
Toshima-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 982-4925 

Supt. : Rev. Kiyoma Yumiyama 
A-119, B-178, C-25, D 6,223 

FT*: 7 -/-fe V-7 y -?ffl 

HI ?TOftK^i 3-430 
m 982-4925 

Baptist Bible Fellowship of Japan 

(Nihon Seisho Baputesuto Ren- 

11-3. 1-chome, Matsunami-cho, 
Tel. 51-2929 

Dir: Rev. Lavern Rodgers 
A-21, B-10, C-10, D-1.455 



Bible Institute Mission 

(Shorisha lesu Kyodan) 
2163 Karuizawa-machi, Kita- 
saku-gun, Nagano-ken 
Tel. Karuizawa 2302 
Supt. : Mr. Earl F. Tygert 
A-5, B-6, C-3, D-208 



Catholic Church 

(Nihon Katorikku Kyokai) 
10, 6-bancho, Chiyoda-ku, 

Tel. 301-3961 3 

Archbishop : His Eminence 
Peter Tatsuo Cardinal Doi 
A-879, B-4,658, C-2,519, D- 


Christian Brotherhood Church 

(Kirisuto Kyodai Dan) 
448 Tabata-cho, Kita-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 821-0210 

Supt. : Rev. Denzo Shimura 
A-141. B-110, D-1,914 




Christian Canaan Church 

(Kirisutokyo Kanan Kyodan) 
36, 1-chome, Kushiya-machi 
Higashi, Sakai-shi, Osaka 
Supt. : Rev. Seibei Morita 
A-12, B-8, D-3,163 

Christian Churches 

(Kirisuto no Kyokai) 
1-52, Arai-machi, Nakano-ku, 

Tel. 386 5171 

Supt.: Rev. Harold R. Sims 
A-46, B 37, C-46, D 1,500 

1 <o 52 

Christian Oriental Salvation 

(Kirisutokyo Toyo Kyurei Dan) 
27, 4-chome, Izumi-dori, Nada- 
ku, Kobe-shi 
Tel. 86 2462 

Supt. : Rev. Tokude Cho 
A-l. B 5, D 50 

ftt 86-2462 

Christian Reformed Church of 

(Nihon Kirisuto Kaikakuha Kyo 

20, 5-chome, Shimo-dori, Shibu- 
ya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 461 4616 

Supt. : Rev. Kiyoshi Mizugaki 
A 60, B 66, C-17, D 3,730 

J ,li 461 4616 

/K^i fft 

Christian Spiritual Church 

(Kirisuto Shinshu Kyodan) 
8602, Shimo-Yoshida, Fuji- 
Yoshida-shi, Yamanashi-ken 
Tel. Yoshida 367 
Supt. : Rev. Yoshinobu Kawai 
A-25, B-21, D-1,571 

^fEn 8602 


Church of Christ 

(Kirisuto no Kyokai) 
75, Sotonishi-cho, Tsuchiura- 
shi, Ibaragi-ken 
Repr. : Mr. Elmer Prout 
A- 55, B 49, C-17, I) 2.154 



Church of Christ in Japan 

(Nihon Kirisuto Kyokai) 
c/o Oomori Kyokai, 116, 4- 
chome, Iriarai, Oota-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 761-9612 

Supt. : Rev. Mikio Hayashi 
A 108, B 115, D 11,636 



Church of God of Japan 

(Nihon Church of God Kyodan) 
3412, Shimokawai-machi, Hodo- 
gaya-ku, Yokohama-shi 
Tel. Kawai 206 

Dir. : Rev. Robert C. Midgley 
A- 5, B 5, C 6, D-52 

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter 
Day Saints 

(Matsujitsu Seito lesu Kirisuto 
Kyokai) (Morumon Kyokai) 
2, 14-chome Hiroo-machi, Aza- 
bu, Minato-ku, Tokyo 
1(1 473-1613 

Supt. : Mr. Dwuayne N. Ander 
A 27, C 108, D 2,278 


ill 473-1613 
? V :t- V N. 7 

Church of the Nazarene in Japan 

(Nihon Nazaren Kyodan) 
237 Oyama-cho, Tamagawa, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 701-4667 
Supt. : Rev. Aishin Kida 
A 53, B 71, C-20, D-3,241 


Church of the Resurrection 

(Fukkatsu no Kirisuto Kyodan) 
c/o Fukkatsu no Kirisuto Naga 
no Kyokai, 416 Nishi-Nagano, 

Supt. : Rev. Yoshie Iwata 
A- 11, B-18, D-536 


Conservative Baptist Mission 

(Tohoku Seisho Baputesuto Kyo 

c/o Sendai Seisho Baputesuto 
Kyokai, 31, Naka Sugiyama- 
dori, Sendai-shi 
Tel. 22-4488 

Repr. : Rev. Fukuyasu Shimada 
A-22, B-ll, C-7, D-335 


.1 M 1 \\I-SI-: (Mi K< II III \|>MI \K I I KS 


Cumberland Presbyterian Church 

(Kanbarando Choro Kyokai) 
3341 Minami Rinkan, Yamato- 
shi, Kanagawa-ken 
Repr. : Rev. Tolbert Dill 
A- 4, B--5, C-2, D 250 

iG 409 
T. 7 4 


Evangelical Free Church of Japan 

(Nihon Fukuin Jiyu Kyokai) 
c/o Kyoto Christian Center, 
33, 2-chome, Higashi Ono-cho, 
Koyama, Kita-ku, Kyoto-shi 
Tel. 45-4961 

Supt. : Rev. Stanley Conrad 
A-8, B-6, C-2, D 209 


Lutheran Church of 

(Nippon Fukuin Ruteru Kyokai) 
38, 2-chome Nishihara, Shibuya- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 361-7550 

Supt. : Rev. Chitose Kishi 
A-141, B- 120, C 100, D 13,000 

ff 361-7550 

J r- T-^ 

Evangelical Missionary Church 

(Fukuin Dendo Kyodan) 
124 Seioji-machi, Maebashi-shi, 
Tel. 2 7922 

Supt.: Rev. Seiichi Kobayashi 
A-36, B-38, D-963 


Far East Apostolic Mission 

(Nippon Pentekosute Kyodan) 
Tawaraguchi, Ikoma-machi, 
Ikoma-gun, Nara-ken 
Tel. Ikoma 3821 
Supt. : Rev. Leonard W. Coote 
A-13, B-12, C-2, D-358 

Far Eastern Gospel Crusade 

(Kyokuto Fukuin Juji Gun) 
111 Hakuraku, Kanagawa-ku, 
Tel. 49-9017 

Dir. : Rev. Roland Friesen 
A 9, B-5/C-74, D-116 



,[ 49 9017 
P -7 y K 7 >; - -If y 

Finnish Frae Foreign Mission 

(Nippon Kirisuto Fukuin Kyokai 

101, Kamihate-cho, Kitashira- 
kawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 
Supt. : Mr. Jukka Rokka 
A-9, B--4, C-7, D 350 


Free Methodist Church of Japan 

(Nippon Jiyu Mesojisuto Kyodan) 
81, 1-chome, Maruyama-dori, 
Abeno-ku, Osaka-shi 
Supt. : Rev. Takesaburo Uzaki 
A-37, B 60, C 5, D-4,050 

n - 


General Conference Mennonite 

(Kyushu Mennonaito Kyokai 

50, 3-chome, Yodogawa-cho, 
Tel. 4007 

Moderator : Rev. Peter Derksen 
A 16, B 4, C 26, D-154 

\\l 4007 

b" - & T fr V -fe ^ 

Gospel of Jesus Church 

(lesu Fukuin Kyodan) 
1548, Shimohoya, Hoya-machi, 
Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
Dir. : Rev. Yu Akichika 
A- 14, B-9, D-720 



Holy Convention 

(Kirisuto Seikyodan) 
1539 Tsubakimori-cho, Chiba- 

Tel. 0472-51-8510 
Supt. : Rev. Hiromi Yanaka 
A 37, B-47, D-1,547 

r-^ifi^^mi 1-539 

, 0472-51-8510 

Holy Jesus Society 

(Sei lesu Kai) 

880, 3-chome, Totsuka-cho, 

Tel. 368-8278 

Supt.: Rev. Takeji Otsuki 
A-72, B-60, D-2,529 



It 368-8278 

Association for 
of World of 

Holy Spirit 

(Sekai Kirisutokyo Toitsu Shinrei 

1200, 1-chome, Kitazawa, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 421-2889 

Repr. : Mr. Nobuo Kuboki 
A-26, B-120, D-10,000 



Immanuel General Mission 

(Immanueru Sogo Dendo Dan) 
Kotsu kyokai BIdg., 4. 3-chome, 
Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 271-0418 

Dir. : Rev. Tsugio Tsutada 
A-70, B-117, C 4, D 5,833 

ft 271-0418 

International Christian Church 

(Kokusai Kirisuto Kyodan) 
29, 1-chome, Yoyogi, Shibuya- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 371-1967 

Supt. : Rev. Tosen Yoshimoto 
A-8, B-3, D-147 

& 371-1967 

International Church of the 
Foursquare Gospel 

(Kokusai Fosukuea Kyodan) 
769 Higashi Ooizumi-machi, 
Nerima-ku, Tokyo 
Supt. : Rev. Seita Masui 
A3, B-4, C-2, D-72 

International Gospel League 

(Kokusai Fukuin Renmei) 
93, Uyama, Sumoto-shi, Awaji- 
shima, Hyogo-ken 
Supt.: Dr. Janet Kiel 
A-4, B-9, C 4, DO 

aj 93 

%>-* h ^ - 

The Evangelical Alliance Mission 

(Nihon Domei Kirisuto Kyodan) 
15-15, 3-chome, Daizawa, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 421-3442 
Supt. : Mr. Ralph Cox 
A 35, B-55, C-158, D 960 





Japan Alliance Church 

(Nihon Araiansu Kyodan) 
255, Itsukaichi-machi, Saeki- 
gun, Hiroshima-ken 
Tel. 21-0250 

Supt. : Rev. Ichiroku Fujiie 
A-32, B-41, C-13, D-2,314 



Japan Baptist Conference 

(Nippon Baputesuto Senkyo Dan) 
175 Tsujikuru-cho, Ise-shi 
Tel. 8-4846 

Supt. : Rev. Yoshio Akasaka 
A-4, B-5, C-7, D-76 


Japan Baptist Convention 

(Nippon Baputesuto Renmei) 
350, 2-chome, Nishi-okubo, 
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 351-2166 

Dir. : Rev. Masayoshi Soeda 
A-212, B-162, C-139, D 14,839 



Japan Baptist Union 

(Nippon Baputesuto Domei) 
2, 1-chome, Misaki-cho, Kanda, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 291-9445 
Dir. : Rev. Isamu Chiba 
A-52, B-65, C-38, D-4,082 



Japan Christ Society 

(Nippon Kirisuto Kai) 
37 Shoto-cho, Shibuya-ku, 

Supt. : Rev. Toyokichi Mori 
A-8, B-12, D-124 

Japan Christian Presbyterian 

(Nippon Kirisuto Choro Kyokai) 
273, 1-chome, Horinouchi, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 312-3071 

Supt. : Rev. Choji Horikoshi 
A-8, B-12, C-ll, D-380 






Japan Church of God Federation 

(Nippon Kami no Kyokai Renmei) 
93, 3-chome, Okusawa-machi, 
Tamagawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 701-4321 

Supt. : Rev. Shigehisa Tani- 
A- 10, B 9, C-3, D 500 


Japan Covenant Church 

(Nippon Kabenanto Kyodan) 
c/o Seikei Shin Gakko, 990, 3- 
chome, Nakameguro, Meguro- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 712-8746 

Supt. : Rev. Isamu Horikawa 
A 19, B-8, C-22, D-329 


Japan Evangelistic Band 

(Nippon Dendo Tai) 

11, 5-chome, Shiomidai-machi, 

Suma-ku, Kobe-shi 

Tel. 7-5651 

Supt.: Mr. William Bee 

A-13, B-17, C-ll, D-241 

\\L 712-8476 


i; 7 A t - 

Japan Evangelistic Gospel Church 

(Nippon Dendo Fukuin Kyodan) 
2895, l-chome, Kitanakajima, 
Nagaoka-shi, Niigata-ken 
Supt. : Rev. Seizo Sato 
A-ll, B-8 


Japan Free Will Baptist Mission 

(Fukuin Baputesuto Kyodan) 
c/o Fred Hersey, 2143, Unoki, 
Sayama-shi, Saitama-ken 
Repr. : Mr. Wesley Calvery 
A- 9, B 7, C-2, D-154 

- . ij /\, y 7 y - 

Japan Gospel Church 

(Nippon Fukuin Kyodan) 
3, l-chome, Nishi Hachichobori, 
Chuo-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 551-8816 

Supt. : Rev. Katsue Yoshino 
A 58, B-102, C-0, D- 1,038 


Japan (Gospel 

(Japan Gosuperu Rigu) 
56 Itakura-cho, Koyama, Kita- 
ku, Kyoto-shi 

Supt, : Rev. Edward G. Hanson 
A-9, B-5, C-2, D-517 




Japan Gospel of Christ Church 

(Nippon Fukuin Kirisuto Kyodan) 
2500, Shimoishihara, Chofu-shi, 

Tel. 0424-82-2457 
Dir. : Rev. Keiichi Hiraide 
A-2, B-6, D-297 

,e 0424-82-2457 

Japan Holiness Church Arahara 

(Nippon Horinesu Kyodan Ara- 

40, 2-chome, Tamagawa Naka- 
machi, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 701-1880 

Supt. : Rev. Takeru Arahara 
A-16, B-34, D-982 

l|!wPtH:ffl&K3JII W 2-40 
,l 701-1880 

Japan Holiness Church 

(Nippon Horinesu Kyodan 

1648, Megurita, Higashimura- 
yama-shi, Tokyo 
Tel. 0423-9-3075 
Supt. : Rev. Akiji Kurumada 
A-131, B-215, C-16, D-4,905 


Japan Jesus Christ Church 

(Nippon lesu Kirisuto Kyodan) 
c/o Akashi Hitomaru Kyokai, 
130, 1-chome, Aioi-machi, Aka- 
shi-shi, Hyogo-ken 
Tel. 5665 

Supt. : Rev. Jutaro Dojo 
A-58, B-138, D-6,235 

y 7, bgca 



Japan Lutheran Church 

(Nippon Ruteru Kyodan) 
16, 1-chome, Fujimi-cho, 
yoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 261-5266 

Supt. : Rev. Richard Meyer 
A-55, B-13, C-38, D-2,049 


n 261-5266 

yf--*-- K-^ --v- 

Japan Mennonite Mission 

(Nippon Mennonaito Kyokai) 
Nishi 7-jo, Minami 17-chome, 
Obihiro-shi, Hokkaido 
Supt. : Mr. Ralph Buckwalter 
A- 19, B-8, C-20, D-206 



Japan Mennonite Brethren 

(Nippon Mennonaito Burezaren 

26, Iguchido-cho, Ikeda-shi, 
Tel. 6-8710 

Supt. : Rev. Jonathan Bartel 
A- 10, B 5, C-19, D-395 

p 4:^ / ^- ^ h y 1/-V-* ix 

HL 6- 8710 

vx j -)- if V si T /u 

Japan New Testament Church 

(Nippon Shinyaku Kyodan) 
854, 3-chome, Kamitakaido, 
Suginami-ku, Tokyo 
Supt. : Rev. Shinpei Higuchi 
A-16, B 13, D-313 

Japan Pentecost Church of God 

(Nippon Pentekosute Kami no 

Kyokai Kyodan) 

13, 3-chome, Tokugawayama- 

cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya-shi 

Supt. : 

A-7, B--7, C-4, D-152 
B ^ v 7- 

Japan Rural Mission 

(Nippon Chiho Dendo Dan) 
1, 1480, Higashinaka-ku, Saiki- 
shi, Ooita-ken 
Tel. 2238 

Supt. : Rev. J. P. Visser 
A-3, B-2, C-2, D-18 



Jehovah s Witnesses* 

(Monominoto Seisho Sasshi Kyo 
kai Ehoba no Shyosha) 
1, Mita Toyooka-cho, Shiba, 
Minato-ku, Tokyo 
Repr. : Donald Huslet 
A- 134, B-268, C-56, D 2580 


Korean Church of Christ in Japan 

(Zainichi Taikan Kirisuto Kyokai) 
24, Wakamiya-cho, Shinjuku- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 260-8891 

Supt.: Rev. Yoon Tai Oh 
A-38, B-34, C-3, D-691 



Libenzeller Mission 

(Riilx^nzera Nippon Dendo Kai) 
1933 Nakanoshima, Kawasaki- 
shi, Kanagawa-ken 
Tel. Kawasaki 2334 



Rep. : Mr. Ernest Vatter 
A-19, B-19, C-9, D-442 


mm 2334 

j- /u v ^ b 7 -r T fr 
Living Water Christian Church 

(Kassui Kirisuto Kyodan) 
589, Ogikubo, Odawara-shi 
Tel. Odawara 22-6891 
Moderator : Rev. Daisuke Abe 
A-14, B-25, C-0, D-2363 

Mission Covenant Church of 

(Nippon Seiyaku Kirisuto Kyo- 

332, Aminohama, Okayama-shi 
Tel. 2-9672 

Chairman: Rev. Taketoshi O- 
A-9, B-10, C-18, D-412 

fg 22-6891 

Lutheran Brethren Mission of 

(Nippon Ruteru Doho Senkyo 

10, Ishiwaki Tajiri, Honjo-shi, 

Supt. : Rev. David Lanager 
A-14, B-ll, C-10, D-275 

~f t? y K 7 y if*/ * 

Mino Mission 

Tomidahama, Yokkaichi-shi, 


Tel. Tomida 6-0096 

Supt. : Miss Elizabeth A. Whe- 


A 4, B-3, C-l, D-1,765 



Next Town Crusade 

1-19, Chodo, Fuse-shi, Osaka-fu 
Rev. A. L. Alderson 
A-ll, B-20, C-6, D-196 
^ 9 7^ \- & fy y 9 )\/ t K 

y^PXluflTJ Jlfi rfTEaJlM. 1 O 19 

A. L. 7 ^ ^ - y V 
Norway Lutheran Mission 

(Nishi Nippon Fukuin Ruteru 

8, 2-chome, Nakajima-dori, 
Fukiai-ku, Kobe-shi 
Tel. 22-3601 

Supt. : Rev. Goji Nabeya 
A-55, B-24, C-17, D-850 

fg 22-3601 



Norwegian Evangelical Orient 

(Noruei Toyo Fukuin Senkyo 

6 Machigashira, Iwaki-gun, 
Yotsukura-machi, Fukushima- 

Dir. : Rev. Robert W. Gornitzka 
A 12, B -7, C-ll, D-130 

Norwegian Missionary Society 

(Kinki Fukuin Ruteru Kyokai) 
2-18, Kamiike Kita, Kawamo, 
Takarazuka-shi, Hyogo-ken 
Tel. 6-2459 

Moderator: Rev. Lars Tjelle 
A-15, B-21, C-23, D-675 




Open Hible Church 

(Nippon Opun Baiburu Kyodan) 
76, 5-chome, Koshien-Guchi, 
Tel. 4-3452 

Supt. : Rev. Suematsu Wada 
A-8, B-4, C 3, D-444 


Orebro Missionary Society of 

(Sueden Oreburo Senkyo Kai) 
1-254, Hiraoka-cho, Sakai-shi, 

Repr. : Rev. Helge Jansson 
A 5, B 16, C-17, D-278 


Oriental Missionary Society Holi 

ness Church 
(Toyo Senkyokai Kiyome Kyokai) 

971, 4-chome, Kashiwagi, Shin- 

juku-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 369 6646 

Chief: Rev. Koichi Ozaki 

A-22, B-23, D 561 

" 4-971 

fg 369-6646 

Original Gospel Movements 

(Genshi Fukuin Kami-no-Makuya) 
88, Karashima-cho, Kumamoto- 

Repr. : Mr. Ikuo Teshima 
A 219, B-218, D-10,000 

Orthodox Church 

(Nihon Harisutosu Sei Kyokai) 
1, 4-chome, Surugadai, Kanda, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 291-1885 



Bishop : 

A-42, B-61, D-8,927 



Philadelphia Church Mission 

(Firaderufia Kyokai) 
205, Osato-cho, Honmo-ku, 
Naka-ku, Yokohama-shi 
Tel. 20-4788 

Supt. : Rev. Harold N. Heste- 
A-28, B-5, C-8, D-80 

Plymouth Brethren 

(Kirisuto Shinto no Shukai) 
77, 1-chome Narimune, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 391-6227 

Repr. : Mr. Tamezo Yamanaka 
A-8, B-l, C-l, D-150 

,li 391-6227 

Salvation Army in Japan 

(Kyusei Gun Nippon Honei) 
17, 2-chome, Jinbo-cho, Kanda, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 331-7311 

Territorial Commander: Com 
missioner Charles Davidson 
A-115, B-254, C-7, D-9,921 

rS 331-7311 

f- ^ /u X T t* > K V > 
Sambi Church 
(Sanbi Kyodan) 

215, Kako-machi, Hiroshima-shi 

Tel. 31-4449 

Supt. : Rev. Kyo Kurokawa 

A-6, B-3, D-145 



HIM m 

Seventh Day Adventist 

(Nippon Rengo Dendo Bukai) 
164, 3-chome, Onden, Shibuya- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 401-1171 
Supt. : Mr. W. T. Clark 
A-116, B-363, C-32, D-5,259 


f fg 401-1171 
W. T. 9 7 - 9 

Society of Friends 

(Kirisuto Yukai Nippon Nenkai) 
12, 1-chome, Mita Dai-machi, 
Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 451-7002 

Moderator : Rev. Toyotaro 
A-8, B-0, C-4, D-222 




ft 451-7002 

. .- 


Spirit of Jesus Christ Church 

(lesu no Mitama Kyokai Kyodan) 
152, 3-chome, Ogikubo, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 391 5925 
Bishop : Rev. Jun Murai 
A 263, B 84, C-0, D-27,112 
(Okinawa omitted) 


Swedish Evangelical Mission in 

(Zainichi Sueden Domei Dendo 

273 33, Aza Raiba, Nobori- 
betsu-cho, Horobetsu-gun, Hok 

Tel. Horobetsu 182 
Repr. : Mr. Edvin Bohlin 
A- 10, B-4, C-7, D 249 


It 3V 


V ,-t-: - 


Swedish Evangelical Orient 

(Sueden Toyo Fukuin Dendo Dan) 
1675, Omiya, Fujinomiya-shi, 

Moderator : Rev. Erik Malm 
A-5, B-4, C-7, D-57 


y 9 -7 Sl> A 

True Church of Jesus in Japan 

(Shin lesu Kyokai Nippon Kyo 

178, Minami Kagaya-cho, Sumi- 
yoshi-ku, Osaka-shi 
Supt. : Rev. Kiyomoto Suda 
A-10, B 7, C-0, D-205 


Unitarian Church* 

(Nihon Jiyu Shukyo Renmei) 
c/o Seisoku Kotogakko, 24, 
Shibakoen, Minato-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 431-0913 

Supt. : Rev. Shinichiro Imaoka 
A-4, B-10, D- 1,365 

United Church of Christ in Japan 

(Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan) 
2, 4-chome, Ginza, Chuo-ku, 

Tel. 561-6131-5 

Moderator : Rev. Isamu Omura 
A- 1597, B-1809, C 365, D- 



,i 561-6131-5 

United Pentecostal Church Mis 

(Unaito Pentekosuto Kyodan) 
671, 5-chome, Nukui Kita-machi, 
Koganei-shi, Tokyo 
Supt. : 
A-21, B-34, C-8, D-384 


Universal Evangelical Church 

(Bankoku Fukuin Kyodan) 
162, Hon-cho, Matsumoto-shi, 
Tel. 2-2347 

Supt. : Rev. Hiroshi Nakazawa 
A-31, B-20, C-0, D-1,000 



Universalist Church* 

(Kirisutokyo Dojin Shadan) 
(Christian Fellowship Society) 

50 Takada-Oimatsu-cho, Bun- 

kyo-ku, Tokyo 

Supt. : Rev. Tadagoro Ono 

A-2, B-l, C-0, D-lll 



Worldwide Evangelization Cru 

(Sekai Fukuin Dendo Dan) 
569, Oaza Kindo, Gokasho- 
machi, Kanzaki-gun, Shiga-ken 
Tel. Ishizuka 47 
Supt. : Mr. Kenneth Roundhill 
A-16, B-8, C-10 




UNIV University 

PCS -Post-graduate School 

C College 

WC Women s College 

WJC Women s Junior College 

JC Junior College 

NJC Night Junior College 

SHS Senior High School 

NSHS Night Senior High School 

GSHS Girls Senior High School 

BSHS Boys Senior High School 

CSHS Commercial Senior High School 

SHCI Senior High School of Commerce and Industry 

JHS Junior High School 

GJHS Girls Junior High School 

PS Primary School 

Aizu Rittai Nogyo Kenkyujo 

(Aizu Agricultural Institute) 
Onuma-mura, Fukushima-ken 
Sakae Endo 

Aoyama Cakuin 

22 Midorigaoka-cho, Shibuya- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 402-8111 

Kinjiro Oki 

Univ. 8681, PG 80, WJC 

1,456, SHS-1,424, JHS-861, 



/Nfc 792 

Azami Yosai Kenkyusho 

(Azami Dressmaking School) 
28 Keya-cho, Fukui-shi 
Tel. Fukui 4298 
Shizuko Yasumoto 




Baika Gakuen 

106, 6-chome, Honmachi, Toyo- 

naka-shi, Osaka-fu 

Tel. Toyonaka 2 3206 

Jutaro Tamiaki 

JC 676, SHS-1,756, JHS 694 




Baiko Jogakuin 

1954 Maruyama-cho, Shimono- 


Tel. Shimonoseki 22-3722/9660 


Shinjiro Hirotsu 

JC 85, SHS-714, JHS 564 

TH8 22-3722/9660/9744 


, i^K-714, (f ^-564 

Baputesuto Seisho Shin Gakko 

(Baptist Bible School) 
31 Nakasugiyama-dori, Sendai 
John McDaniel 

V ~* 9 

Chinzei Gakuin 

1,057 Sakaeda-cho, Isahaya-shi, 


Tel. Isahaya 1212 

Moritaka Samejima 

SHS 808, JHS 100 



-808, Ff -100 

Chuo Nippon Seisho Gakujuku 

124 Seioji-machi, Maebashi-shi 
Tel. 2-7922 
Sozo Ichikawa 


Chuo Seisho Gakko 

(Central Bible Institute) 
430-1, 3-chome, Komagome, 
Toshima-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 982-4925 
Kiyoma Yumiyama 

(2) 7922 





Daito Gakuen 

210 Kaminoge-machi, Setagaya- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 701-1181 
Azumo Moriya 
SHS-169, JHS 655 


Domei Seisho Gakko 

(Alliance Bible Institute) 
992 Shimotakaido 4-chome, 
Suginami-ku, Tokyo 
Warren T. Adams 

7-ixv T. T^A* 


Genbu-cho, Karasuma-higashi- 
iru, Imadegawa-dori, Kamikyo- 
ku, Kyoto-shi 
Tel. Kyoto 23 1131 
Etsuji Sumitani 

Univ.-14.708, PGS-320, WC 
1,702, GSHS-802, GJHS 782, 
SHS-1,175, JHS 905, CSHS - 
503, Kori SHS 987, Kori JHS 

^K manual 


1,175, Mr^- 


Enzeru Daigakuen 

(Angel Daigakuen) 
409 Oaza Kitano, Kiimura, 
Kaiso-gun, Wakayama-Ken 
Tel. Kawabe 4315 
Kiichi Hirata 



Evanjerikaru Baiburu Inautituto 

(Evangelical Bible Institute) 
1,009 Daisen-cho, Sakai-shi, 
E. Sandberg 



Ferris Jofifakuin 

178 Yamate-cho, Naka-ku, 


Tel. Yokohama 64-0241/2 

Takeo Yamanaga 

JC 787, SHS-404, JHS-405 




Furendo Gakuen 

30 Shiba-Mita-Koun-cho, Mina- 
to-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 451-4616 
Toshi Ishida 
SHS-343, JHS 304 


Fukui Eigo Gakko 

(Fukui English School) 
103 Hoeikami-cho, Fukui-shi 
Tel. Fukui 4598 
Kogoiemon Nitagai 


Fukuin Koyu Kai 

(Gospel Fellowship Bible Insti 

63-1 Showa-cho, Hamadera, Sa- 
kai-shi, Osaka-fu 
Miss A. Pfaff 

Fukuoka Jogakuin 

35 Oaza-Kamiosa, Fukuoka-shi 
Tel. Fukuoka 58-1492/5 
Yae Kakizono 
JC 190, SHS 797, JHS 665 


797, 41^665 
Fukuzawa Yosai Gakuin 

(Fukuzawa Dressmaking School) 
1767 Hokujo, Tateyama-shi, 
Tel. Tateyama 413 
Haru Fukuzawa 



Fuller Japan Summer Seminary 

1, 2-chome, Surugadai, Kanda, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Dr. H. Aoki 


Futae Gakuen Shogakko 

(Futae Gakuen Primary School) 
164 Harigatani-cho, 1-chome, 
Urawa-shi, Saitama-ken 
Tel. Urawa 3705 
Take Matsuo 





Gifu Saibi Gakuin 

33 Seihoji-machi, Gifu-shi 
Tel. 2-2345, 4-5641 
Takashi Katagiri 
SHS- 1,140 

fit 2-2345, 4-5641 

Gureisu Eigakuin 

(Grace English School) 
795 Nogata-machi 1-chome, 
Nakano-ku, Tokyo 
Teruo Okabe 


Gyokusei Koto Hoiku Gakko 

15 Shoanminami-machi, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 391-5973 
Taro Takemasa 




Hakuaiwha (iakuen Shogakko 

(Hakuaisha Gakuen Primary 

65 Moto-imazato Kita-dori 2- 

chome, Higashi Yodogawa-ku, 


Tel. Toyosaki 367 

Katsue Kobashi 

2 T 

fl 65 

m mm 367 

Hamamatsu Diakoni Gakko 

3,453 Mikatahara-cho, Hama- 

^flgCIHJ 3,453 

Hatori Seisho Gakuin 

(Hatori Bible Institute) 
Midori-machi, Higashi, Ibaragi- 
gun, Ibaragi-ken 
Toichi Hashimoto 


Heian Jogakuin 

5-chome, Shimotateuritori, Ka- 

rasuma Nishi-Iru, Kamikyo-ku, 


Tel. Kyoto 44-0135 

Chuichi Sakurai 

JC 551, SHS 1,608, JHS-400 





Heiwa Gakuen 

5,811 Kowada, Chigasaki-shi 
Tel. Fujisawa 6-7780 
Hideo Ootsuka 
SHS 384, JHS-64, PS-146 




Hinomoto Gakuen 

50 Shimo-Teramachi, 


Tel. Himeji 23-7612 

Saburo Namioka 

SHS 527, JHS 445 


-527, ff -445 

Hiroshima YMCA Gakuen 

1 Moto-machi, Hiroshima-shi 
Tel. 21-2869, 2889 
Kazumitsu Aihara 
[ft YMCA 

fg 21-2869, 2889 

Hirosaki Gakuin 

5 Sakamoto-cho, Hirosaki-shi, 


Tel. Hirosaki 2-7281/3 

Hideo Takasugi 

JC-323, Seiai SHS-1,523, Sei 

ai JHS-743 


Hiroshima Jogakuin 

720 Ushida-cho, Hiroshima-shi 

Tel. Hiroshima 2-1667 

Hamako Hirose 


JC 260, SHS 765, JHS 652 


Hisamune Rittai Nogyo Kenkyujo 

(Hisamune Agricultural Institute) 
Nakakitakami, Oi-cho, Kume- 
gun, Okayama-ken 
Tsuyoshi Hisamune 

^^ tt 

Hitoyoshi Bible Institute 

1,033 Shiromoto-machi, Hito- 
yoshi-shi, Kumamoto Ken 
Dale Oxley 



7-* si* Or y 9 :*. l^ -f 
Hokkaido Bible Institute 

Nishi, 6-chome, Kita, 


A. Reynolds 



Hokkaido Winter Bible School 

1 Minami, 17-chome, Nishi 7- jo, 
Obihiro-shi, Hokkaido 
Robert Lee 

Hokuriku Gakuin 

10 Kamikakinokibatake, Kana- 


Tel. Kanazawa 3-1985 

Tetsuo Bansyo 

Nursery JC 145, SHS 950, 

JHS 505, PS 46 



, ^5^-950, if 3* 


Hokiuei Gakuen 

Nishi 17-chome, Minami 5-jo, 


Tel. Sapporo 4-4887 

Masao Tokito 

Univ. 233 GJHS 888, WJC 

491, BSHS 528, GSHS 816 


II Min a n- Cakuen 
Kashiwazaki, Kuji-shi, 

Tel. 25 

Takeshi Yahaba 


It 25 

Hozana Ryori Gakko 

138 Mukai-cho, Maebashi-shi 
Tel. 2-7330 
Tazuko Ishiguro 
Students 200 

18 2-7330 

la! Girls Senior High School 

64 Suginami-cho, Hakodate-shi 
Tel. Hakodate 2-0418 
Takeshiro Araya 
SHS 772, JHS 539 




Ibaragi Christian College 

4048 Kujimachi, Hitachi-shi 

Tel. Kujihama 2215 

E. W. McMillan 

JO423 SHS 812, JHS 169 

E. VI. 


limorino Noson Dendo Gakko 

(limorino School of Evangelism) 
Shimo Satomura, Kasai-gun, 
Tomijiro Iwatsuka 

Ikoma Seisho Gakuin 

(Ikoma Bible College) 
Ikoma-machi, Ikoma-gun, Nara- 
Leonard W. Coote 

K W. *- b 

Imumanueru Seisen Shingakuin 

(Immanuel Bible Training Col 

57 Tokiwa-machi 10, Urawa-shi 
Tel. 4284 
Tsugio Tsutada 

jfflft 4284 

Jido Dendo Gakuin 

(Child Evangelism Institute) 
1,599 Higashi Kubo, Kamiarai, 
Tokorozawa-shi, Saitama-ken 
Kenneth Attaway 



Jiyu Gakuen 

Tel. 0424 
Keiko Hani 


Joshi Gakuin 

10, 22-chome, Ichiban-cho, Chi- 
yoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 301-1187/9 
Tsuchi Yamamoto 
SHS 742, JHS r 783 

SWT22 (D 10 


742, ff^ 783 




Kagawa Rittai Nogyo Kenkyujo 

(Kagawa Agricultural Institute) 
71 Soshigaya 1-chome, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 
Kanzo Ogawa (Tokyo Branch) 


Kagawa Eiyo Gakuen 

3-422 Komagome, Toshima-ku, 


Tel. 982-4101 

Yoshiko Kagawa 

Students 289 

IK 982-4101 

Kankoku Koto Seikei Gakko 

2-40 Honjo-Higashidori, Oyodo- 
ku, Osaka 

1 2-40 
Kansai Seisho Shin Gakko 

(Kansai Bible School) 
87 Shiyoya-machi, Tarumi-ku, 

Tel. Tarumi 2126 
Goro Sawamura 


Kansei (.aknin 

2, 1-chome, Uegahara, Nishino- 

Tel. Nishinomiya 5-0912/8 
Takashi Komiya 
Univ. -10,543, PCS 278 SHS 
949, JHS 569 

M 5-0912/8 

949, r^^- 

Kanto Gakuin 

4,834 Mutsuura-machi, Kana- 
zawa-ku, Yokohama-shi 
Tel. Yokohama 3-8609 
Tasuku Sakata 

Univ. 3,363, PCS 6, JC 381, 
NJC-66, SHS-849, NSHS- 
168, JHS -695, PS -243, SHCI - 
300, Mutsuura SHS -642, Mu- 
tsuura JHS -604, Mutsuura PS 
466, Hayama PS -150 





604, A 



Karuizawa Seisho Gakuin 

(Karuizawa Bible Institute) 
2,163 Karuizawa, Nagano ken 
Tel. 2302 
Earl F. Tygert 

f8 2302 

r - fr F. * -f # - h 

Kashiwazaki Seisho Gakuin 

(Kashiwazaki Bible Institute) 
Kujiranami-machi, Kashiwa- 
zaki-shi, Niigata-ken 
Tel. 3347 

Lyman R. Spaulding 
Students 15 

m 3347 
L. R. XT 

Kassui Gakuin 

13 Higashi-Yamatecho, Naga- 


Tel. Nagasaki 3-2674 

E. Clarke 

JC-744, SHS 761, JHS 666 


744, i^^-761, FfJ^-666 

Keimei Gakuen 

1737 Haijima-machi, Akishima- 
shi, Tokyo 
Tel. 0425 

Naoaki Sugano 
SHS 110, JHS 82 


Keimei Jogakuin 

35, 4-chome, Naka-Yamatedori, 
Ikuta-ku, Kobe-shi 
Tel. Kobe 22-3539 
Masahisa Tobita 
SHS 750, JHS 330 


750, ^^: 330 

Keisen Jogakuen 

1,090 Funabashi-cho, Setagaya- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 328-0183/5 

Jiro Shimizu 

JC 323, SHS 738, JHS-481 




Kinjo Gakuin 

2, 4-chome, Shirokabe-cho, 

gashi-ku, Nagoya-shi 

Tel. Nagoya 94-6236/9 

Kintaro Togari 

Univ. 595, JC 1,658, SHS 

2,017, JHS 1,321 







i\ iti-uiu Kyodaidan Seitiho Gaku 

Hatori, Minosato-machi, Higa- 
shi-Ibaragi-gun, Ibaragi-ken 
Tel. Hatori 32 
Keishi Tanaka 

Kirisutokyo Ongaku Gakko 

(Christian Music Center) 
2,280 Shinohara-cho, Kohoku- 
ku, Yokohama 
Miss B. Hudson 

W 2,280 

K V v 

Miss B. 

Kirisutokyo Ongaku Gakko 

5 Sakurayama-machi, Nakano- 
ku, Tokyo 

Higashinakano Kyokai nai 
Tel. 368-0020 
Michio Kozaki 
Students 100 


Kiriautokyo Fukuin Gakko 

(Christian Evangelical School) 
Tokaichi Suji, IHagi-shi, Yama- 
guchi Ken. 
Peter Willms 


Kiriautokyo Dokuritsugakuen 
Koto Gakko 

826 Kanomizu, Oguni-machi, 

Nishiokitama-gun, Yamagata- 


Tel. Ichinono 1751 

Sukeyoshi Suzuki 

Students 75 



Kirisuto Seikyodan Seisho (Jakuin 
539-1, Tsubakimori-machi, 


Tel. (0472) 2-5085 
Hiromi Yanaka 

(0472) 2-5085 



Kita-Nihon Seisho Shin Gakko 

Nishi 18-chome, Minami 14-jo, 


William J. Nukita 

Students 2 

> 4 y 7 



Kiyosato Nogyo Koto Gakko 

Kiyosato, Takane-machi, Kita- 
Koma-gun, Yaman-ashi-ken 
Noson Center nai 
Tel. 19 
Paul Rusch 
Students 20 

ut 19 

Kobe Jogakuin 

65, Okadayama, Nishinomiya- 


Tel. Nishinomiya 5-0955 

Monkichi Namba 

Univ. 1,022, SHS 483, JHS 




A ^-1022, 

Kobe Kaikakuha Shingakko 

10 Takahasu, Nada-ku, Kobe- 


Tel. 85-4922 

Minoru Okada 





Kobe Nihongo Gakko 

10 Takahasu, Nada-ku, Kobe- 


Tel. 85-1044 

Yoshio Hyakugen 

Students 56 


Kobe Ruteru Seisho Gakuin 

2-8, Nakajima-dori, Fukuiai-ku, 
Tel. 22-3601 
Arne Gronning 



Kobe Ryori Kyoshitsu 

2-31-5, Sanmiya-machi, 
ku, Kobe-shi 
Tel. 3-5591 
Buichi Hirata 






Kobe Seisho Gakuin 

(Kobe Bible Seminary) 
10, 1-chome, Kagoike-dori, 
Fukiai-ku, Kobe-shi 
Hidehiko Sato 


Kobe Shingakuin 

(Kobe Theological Seminary) 
161, Odawara, Sumiyoshi-cho, 
Higashi Nada-ku, Kobe-shi 
Yoshitaro Imamura 


Kokusai Eigo (iakko 

(International English School) 
838, 5-chome Sendagaya, Shi- 
buya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 371 1967 
Togawa Yoshimoto 

tf- 1 : ?f [>C "Ftt Tr 5 T II 838 
,E 371 1967 


3-^ -538 

Kokuaai Kirisutokyo Daigaku 

(International Christian Univer 
1,500 Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 

Tel. Musashino 3 3131 
Nobushige Ukai 
Univ. 983, PGS-79, Special 
Course 6 



Kokusai Senkyo Shin Gakko 

1-29 Yoyogi, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 
Kokusai Kirisuto Kyodan 
Yoshie Yoshimoto 

Koran Jogakko 

1046, 7-chome, Hiratsuka-cho, 
Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 781-4736 
Nobumichi Imai 
SHS-477, JHS-373 

7" | | 1046 

Kyoai Cakuen 

131 Iwakami-cho, Maebashi-shi 
Tel. Maebashi 3 2223 
Saishi Shu 
SHS-490, JHS-290 





>-490, #f= 290 

Kyoritsu Joshi Seisho Gakuin 

(Kyoritsu Women s Theological 

221 Yamate-cho, Nada-ku, Yo- 

Tel. Yokohama (045) 64-3993 
M. Ballantyne 

k (045) 64-3993 

Kyoto Hoiku Senmon Gakuin 

14-4, Hirata-machi, Katagihara, 
Ukyo-ku, Kyoto-shi 
Tel. 38-2670 
Masaharu Nakae 
Students 40 


Kyuseigun Shikan Gakko 

874 Wada-Honcho, Suginami- 
ku, Tokyo 
George Oestreich 

IS 38-2670 

Kyushu Gakuin 

45, Kuhonji, Oecho, Kumamoto- 

Tel.: Kumamoto 4-6134/5 
Kiyoshi Kawase 
SHS 1,250, JHS 280 

^ 45 

mm m 

1,250, F^^ 280 

Kyushu Jo Gakuin 

300 Murozono, Shimizu-cho, 


Tel.: Kumamoto 4-0058, 2830 

Kiyoshi Hirai 

SHS 959, JHS 468 

m 300 

, Ff ^-468 

Logosu Eigo Gakko 

(Logos English School) 
1140, 1-chome Mejiro, Toshima- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 971-1537, 4001 
Sawato Yamamoto 
Students 1600 

971-4011, 1537 





9 Nagao-machi, Udano, 
ku, Kyoto-shi 
Tel. 44-4603 
Takeji Ootsuki 
Students 15 




Maebashi Seisho Gakuryo 

(Maebashi Bible School) 
124 Seioji-machi, Maebashi-shi, 
D. A. Parr 

D.A. <- 
Mana Ryori Gakko 

(Manna Cooking School) 
21, 3-chome Oimatsu-cho, Kita- 
ku, Osaka-shi 
Tel. 341-9009 
Buichi Hirata 


Matsuyama Jonan Koto Gakko 

17, Nagaki-machi, Matsuyama- 


Tel. Matsuyama 2-7288 

Taketaro Sekioka 




MatHuyama Shinonome Gakuen 
65, 3-chome Okaido, Matsu- 

Tel. Matsuyama 2 4136 
Tsutomu Shiraishi 
SHS 1,010, JHS 612 


Mesrumi En Yogo Gakko 

625 Kami Tafuse-machi, 


Tel. 2760 

Tsunetoshi Kuribayashi 



Meiji Gakuin 

42 Imasato-cho, Shirokane, Shi- 

ba Minato-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 443-8231 

Tomio Muto 

Univ. 6,451, PCS -68, SHS - 

1,074, JHS -745, Higashi Mura- 

yama SHS -168 




^-6,451, ^ 
1,074, 41^745, 

Midorigaoka Gakuin 

39 Midorigaoka, Yokosuka-shi 
Tel. 2-1651 
Kanichi Yoshinaga 

H^T 166 

(0468) 2-1651 

Midorigaoka Shogakko 

(Primary School) 
3 Kusunoki-cho, Uchiide, Ashi- 
Tel. 2-5026 
Juro lijima 
Students -42 



Miyagi Gakuin 

166 Higashi Sanban-cho, 


Tel. Sendai 22-0196 

Shinshi Oda 

College -765, JC -596, SHS 

1,028, JHS 833 



Momoyama Gakuin 

5, 3-chome Showa-machi Naka, 

Abeno-ku, Osaka-shi 

Tel. Osaka 621-1181/5 

Hinsuke Yashiro 

Univ. 2,300, SJS 2032, KJS- 





Mukyokai Seisho Juku 

(Mukyokai Bible School) 
88 Karashima-machi, Kuma- 

Tel. Kumamoto 3-5364 
Ikuo Tejima 


Musashino Gakuen Shogakko 

(Primary School) 
119 Sakai, Musashino-shi, To 

Tel. Musashino 398-4219 
Fujitaro Sato 





Muaashino Nomin Fukuin Gakko 

(Musashino Agricultural Gospel 

71, 1-chome Soshigaya, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 
Kanzo Ogawa 



Nagasaki Gaikokugo Junior Col 

243 Sumiyoshi-cho, Nagasaki- 

Tel. Nagasaki 4-1682 
Takeo Aoyama 
JC-163, NJC 102 


lHr 243 

Nagoya Gakuin 

7, 10-chome, Daikou-cho, Higa- 

shi-ku, Nagoya-shi 

Tel. 73-8186 

Kazuo Suekane 

SHS-1,818, JHS-801, College 





Nakayama Jissen (jakuin 

87 Kami Ogawara-cho, Kofu-shi 
Tel. Kofu 3-8650 
Ryoichi Nakayama 
Students 79 


Naniwa Kyokai Ki Gakuin 

20, 3-chome Koraibashi, Higa- 
shi-ku, Osaka-shi 
Tel. 231-4951 
Takeo Nakahashi 
Students 400 


Nichi-Bei Kaiwa Gakuin 

(Japanese American Conversation 

21, 1-chome Yotsuya, Shinjuku- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 351 6171 
Namiji Itabashi 



,(L 3516171 

Niijima Gakuen 

3702 Annaka, Annaka-shi, Gun- 


Tel. Annaka 8-0240 

Fumio Iwai 

SHS-448, JHS-370 


SJB-448, rf.^-370 

Nikorai Gakuin 

(Nicolai Gakuin) 
1, 4-chome Surugadai, Kanda, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 291-9254 
Students 2,100 

m 291-9254 

Nippon Araiansu Seisho Gakko 

(Japan Alliance Bible School) 
225 Itsukaichi-machi, Saeki-gun, 
Tel. 21-0250 
Paul McGarvey 
Students 5 


Nippon Baputesuto Seisho Shin- 

(Japan Baptist Bible Seminary) 
10, 1-chome Matsunami-cho, 

Tel. 2-0324, 3-8347 
Ray D. Arnold 
Students 10 

D. 7 - 

1-3 (D 11 

Nippon Christian Tanki Daigaku 

(Japan Christian Junior College) 
P.O. Box 2, Yotsukaido, Inba- 
gun, Chiba-ken 
Wyn Koop 

7 4 V - ^ - ~7 

Nippon Christian College 

(Japan Christian College) 
8453 Yaho, Kunitachi-machi, 
Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
Tel. 0425-7-2131/2 
Donald E. Hoke 

J X^-^> ai/y*/ 


ft (0425) 7-2131/2 
F^-/U K E. H-,- 9 



Nippon Fukuin Jiyu SeiHho 

(Japan Evangelical Free Bible 

58 Komatsubara Kitamachi, 
Kamikyo-ku, Kyoto-shi 
W. E. Thaleen 

w. E. * y - v 

Nippon Fukuin Shingakko 

(Japan Gospel Seminary) 
2500 Kami Ishihara, Chofu-shi, 

Tel. Chofu 0457 
Keichi Hiraide 



Nippon Jido Fukuin Dendo Kyo- 
kai Seisho Gakuin 

(Japan Child Evangelism Fellow 
ship Bible School) 
146 Nishiyama-cho, Ashiya-shi, 
Jane Swetland 


Nippon Kirisutokyokai Tokyo 
Shingaku Juku 

(Christian Japan Mission Tokyo 
Bible School) 

14, 3 chome Chihaya-cho, To- 
shima-ku, Tokyo 
Hisao Kurihara 

Nippon Kirisuto Shingakko 

(Japan Christian Theological 

273, 1 -chome Horinouchi, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 312-3071 
John M. L. Young 
Students 26 


V M. -V 

Nippon Kyurei Dendo Tai 

64 Honmoku-cho, Midorigaoka, 
Naka-ku, Yokohama-shi 
Gerry Johnson 

Nippon Lutheran Seminary 

921, 2-chome, Saginomiya, Na- 
kano-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 385 0959 
Chitose Kishi 
Students- 35 


385 0959 



Nippon Kuteru Kyodan Shingaku- 

c/o Lutheran Center 

16, 1-chome Fujimi-cho, Chiyo- 

da-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 261-5266/7 

Kosaku Nao 

Students- 6 

,E 261-5266/7 


Nippon Nazarene Shingakko 

(Japan Nazarene Seminary) 
237 Tamagawa Oyama-cho, Se- 
tagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 701-4667 
Aishin Kida 
Students 5 


Nippon Rowa Gakko 

457, 2-chome Kamikitazawa, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 321-0540 
Isao Oshima 
Students 121 


ill 321-0540 

Nippon Saniku Gakuin 

4162 Kamino, Sodegaura-machi, 
Kimitsu-gun, Chiba-ken 
Tel. Sodegaura 18 
Toshio Yamagata 
Students 157 

Nippon Seisho Daigakuin 

(Japan Bible Seminary) 
152, 3-chome Ogikubo, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 391-5925 
Jun Murai, 


Nippon Seisho Daigaku Zenrin 
Iryo Shingakuin 

53 Sakuragi-cho, Senju, Adachi- 
ku, Tokyo 
Takeru Arahara 
Students 20 



Nippon Seisho Gakuin 

(Japan Bible School) 
30 Ochiai, Kurume-machi, Kita- 
tama-gun, Tokyo 
Tel. Kurume 22 
Hideo Uematsu 




Nippon Seishogaku Kenkyujo 

(Japan Bible Institute) 
c/o Sekine, 118 Sekine-cho, 
Suginami-ku, Tokyo 
Masao Sekine 
Students 20 




Nippon Seisho Shingakko 

(Japan Biblical Seminary) 
492, 1-chome, Shimo Ochiai, 
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 951-0055 
Gosaku Okada 
Students 80 

i rn 492 

Nippon Seisho Shingakuin 

2209, 5-chome Kemigawa-ma- 
chi, Chiba-shi 
Eiichi Hoshino 
Students 15 



Nippon Suijo Gakko 

140 Yamate-cho, 
Tel. 20-9683 
Kazuo Yagi 
PS -65 




Nozomi Gakuen 

6813 Tsujido, Fujisawa-shi 
Tel. Fujisawa 6-7020 
Chozo Haruyama 
JHS-14, PS-103 

(0466) 6-7020 

: 14, /JN ^ 103 
The Nunn Institute 

40 Hatago-cho, Takamatsu-shi 
Tel. 3-7982 
Komori Pauro 
Students 135 
tf 5* > -f >X7"-f x n h 



Obirin Gakuen 

2693 Yabe-machi, Machida-shi 
Tel. Machida 5820 



Yasuzo Shimizu 

JC-393, SHS-955, JHS 201 


BTffl 5820 

Ochanomizu Kirisutokyo Ongaku- 

1, 2-chome Surugadai, Kanda, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 201-4284 
Toshiaki Okamoto 
Students 112 

tS 2014284 

Ooe High School 

2718 Minami Takae-machi, Ku- 


Tel. Kawajiri 326 

Yoshiyuki Terasawa 

Students 102 


Ooi Eigo Gakuin 

(Ooi English School) 
217 Minami Shinagawa, Shina- 
gawa-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 461-9970 
Isamu Kogure 

& 4919970 

Oomi Kyodaisha Gakuen 

177, Ichii-machi, Oomihachi- 

man-shi, Shiga-ken 

Tel. Oomihachiman 3444/5 

Eizo Miyamoto 

SHS 68, JHS 138, NSHS 

100, PS 102 


Oomi Seisho Juku 

Aza Tsuchida, Hachiman-cho, 
Omi-shi, Shiga-ken 
Tel. 0271 
Seizo Uchizumi 


Orio Joshi Gakuen 

826 Oaza Orio, Yahata-ku, Kita 


Tel. Yahata 69-0061 

Takashi Masuda 

SHS 931, JHS 154 

ffi /\m 69-0061 

> 931, iff: 154 



Osaka Jo Gakuin 

200, 2-chome Shinonome-cho, 

Higashi-ku, Osaka-shi 

Tel. 761-4013 

Jiro Nishimura 

SHS-1,867, NSHS-206, JHS- 




Osaka Christian College 

81, 1-chome Maruyama-dori, 

Abeno-ku, Osaka-shi 

Tel. 611-2097, 7988 

Kaneo Oda 

JC 301, NJC 147 

611-2097, 7988 

Osaka Seisho Shingakko 

26 Iguchido-machi, Ikeda-shi, 


Harry Freesen 


Osaka Seisho Gakuin 
(Osaka Bible Seminary) 

14, 6-chome Nakamiya-cho, i 

Asahi-ku, Osaka-shi 

Tel. 951 5882 

Martin B. Clark 
Students 8 


V =7 - 

Oyu Gakuen 

2463, 3-chome Setagaya, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 422-1136/8 
Shizu Ishikawa 
SHS 778, JHS-631 



Palmore Gakuin 

(Palmore Institute) 
8, 4-chome Kitanagasa-dori, 
Ikuta-ku, Kobe-shi 
Tel. 3-2961 
Bunroku Takeda 
Students 1457 






Pool Gakuin 

5844, 5-chome, Katsuyama-dori, 

Ikuno-ku, Osaka-shi 

Tel. 731-3190 

Toshio Koike 

JC-202, SHS-1358, JHS-548 





Rakuno Gakuen 

582 Nishi Nopporo, Ebetsu-shi, 


Tel. Ebetsu 2541 

Torizo Kurosawa 

College -827, JC 220, Nopporo 

Kino SHS-354, Sanai GSHS 



Hisseikan Gakuin 
215 Kitaguchi-machi, Nishino- 
Tel. 2 2302 
Akio Hayashi 


Roin Gakuen 

Midorigaoka, Mitsui, Hikari-shi, 
Tel. 1187/9 
Shinzo Hosoda 


Ruteru Eigo Gakko 

(Lutheran English School) 
16, 1-chome Fujimi-cho, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 331-5266/7 
Walter Halms 

(331) 5266-7 

Ryujo Women s College 

54, 2-chome, Akitsuki-cho, Sho- 
wa-ku, Nagoya-shi 
Tel. Nagoya 84-2635 
Kiku Bando 
JC 46 






Sapporo Bunka Gakuin 

Higashi 1-chome, Kita 
Tel. 5 3703 
Otomatsu Awatsu 
Students -334 


ill 5-3703 



Sei Barunaba Josanpu Gakuin 

66 Saikudani-cho, Tennoji-ku, 


Tel. 771-9236/9 

Hiromi Yamamura 

Students 43 

I^*ffi i&BJ 66 

Seibi Gakuen 

124 Maita-cho, Minami-ku, Yo- 


Tel. Yokohama 73-1901/2 

Asa Yumoto 

GSHS 647, GJHS 699, PS 


e 73-1901/2 
, rfi^-699, /Jx ^- 

Seibi Girl s Senior High School 

33 Shohoji-cho, Gifu-shi 
Tel. Gifu 4-5641 
Takashi Katagiri 
SHS 1,500 

BfJ 33 

Seibo Gakuen 

292 Ooaza Nakayama, Hanno- 


Tel. Hano 3080 

Hidehiko Sawada 

SHS 381, JHS 192, Urawa 

JHS-11, Urawa PS 104 


tt tiiffi 3080 

Sei lesu Kai Shudo Gakuin 

(Holy Jesus Monastery School) 
9 Nagao-cho, Ukyo-ku, Kyoto- 
Takeji Otsuki 


Sei Gakuin 

257 Nakazato-cho, 


Tel. 821-0522 

Jiro Umino 

SHS 951, JHS 269 




ffi# 951, ff^ 269 
Seikatsu Gakuen 

403 Katabirakoji, Morioka-shi 
Tel. Morioka 2-3315 
Yasuko Hosokawa 
JC-60, SHS-755 

h& 405 

Seikei Shingakko 

(Covenant Bible School) 
990, 3-chome, Nakameguro, 
Meguro-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 712-8746 
Melbourne Metcalf 

f g 712-8746 

Seikokai Shingakuin 

(Central Theological College) 
8, 2-chome, Tamagawa Naka- 
machi, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 701-0575 
Goro Hayashi 
Students 19 


Seikyo Gakuen 

210 Furuno-cho, Kochinagano- 


Tel. Kochinagano 2964 

Shinichi Ueda 

JHS 185 



Secretary School 

23 Udagawa-cho, 


Tel. 461-1326 

Eiichi Amano 

fe? i/* u- *?- 



Seirei Jun Kango Gakuen 

3453 Mikatahara, Hamamatsu- 
shi, Shizuoka-ken 
Tel. Mikatahara 3, 48 
Susumu Akaboshi 
Students 23 

m H^m 3, 48 

Seisho Gakuen 

902 Wakamatsu-cho, Chiba-shi 
Tel. Yotsukaido 3 
M. B. Wynkoop 



M. B. 7 f v 7 - y 

Seisho Shingaku Sha 

6-665, Narimune, Suginami-ku, 


Tel. 311 6346 

Junichi Funaki 


Sei Sutepano Gakuen 

868 Oiso, Oiso-machi, Naka-gun, 


Tel. (0463) 6-1298 

Miki Sawada 

JHS -85, PS -411 

(0463) 61298 

4?3*: 85, /J^ 411 

Seiwa Gakuin 

Saigi, Zushi-shi, Kanagawa-ken 
Tel. 04693-2670, 2752 
Isao Muto 

?S 04693-2670, 2752 

itt<il X^J 

Sei Tenshi Gakuen 

Nagano Kyokai nai 
Nishi Nagano, Nagano-shi 
Yoshie Iwata 

St. Margaret s 
(Rikkyo Jogakuuin) 

123, 3-chome, Kugayama, Sugi 

nami-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 398-5101/4 

Kiyoshi Ogawa 

SHS-853, JHS 618, PS 432 


f?t 398-5101/4 

/MM m 

St. Michael 

920 Nikaido, Kamakura-shi 
Tel. Kamakura 2-2514 
Takaakira Mitsui 
SHS 509, JHS 55, PS 10 


Seinan Gakuin 

Nishishin-machi, Fukuoka-shi 
Tel. Fukuoka 82-0031 
Takeo Koga 

Univ. 1,989, JC-130, SHS 
1,121, JHS 602 


82 0031 

1,121, iji ^-602 



Seinan Jogakuin 
491 Oaza Nakai, Kokura-ku, 
Kita Kyushu-shi 
W. M. Garrott 
JC-799, SHS-702, JHS-694 


W. M. 

Sei Roka Kango Daigaku 

(St. Luke s College of Nursing) 
56 Akaishi-cho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 541-5151 
Hirotoshi Hashimoto 

,li 541 5151 

S.-isan i Eigo Gakko 

(Holy Trinity English School) 

10 Hoei Naka-cho, Fukui-shi 

Tel. Fukui 2-3347 

Tadaichi Sakamoto 


IB 2-3347 

Seisoku Gakuin 

24 Shiba Koen, Minato-ku, 


Tel. 431-0914, 0913 

Nobuichiro Imaoka 

431-0914, 0913 

Seiwa Girl s Senior High School 

116, Hongu-cho, Kochi-shi 
Tel. Kochi 2-7661, 1923 
Hisaichiro Minami 
SHS 320 

2-7661, 1923 

Seiwa Women s College 

1 Okadayama, Nishinomiya-shi 
Tel. Nishinomiya 5-0724 
Michiko Yamakawa 

i 5-0724 

Shijonawate Christian Institute 

1201-13, Okayama, Shijonawa- 
te-cho, Kitakawachi-gun, Osaka 


- h 

Shikoku Gakuin 

4-953, Kami Yoshida-machi, 


Tel. Zentsuji 0424 

Tsuraki Yano 

College 206, Jr. College 148 





Shikoku Kirisutokyo Cakuen 

(Shikoku Christian College) 
Ikuno, Zentsuji-machi, Kagawa- 

Tel. Zentsuji 424 
L. W. Moore 

li $31$ 424 
L. W. A- 7 

Shimizu Girl s School 

7 Ejiri Sakuragi-cho, Shimizu- 


Tel. Shimizu 2 3942 

Kintaro Ichige 

SHS-1,594, JHS-173 

K 2-3942, 9852 

ffift- 1,594, iji^-173 

Shinmei Gakko 

20 Saiin-Yakake-cho, Ukyo-ku, 
Tel. 84 5051 
Students -55 


Shin.sci Saiho Juku 
Matsubara-shita, Higashi-Naka- 
suji Shimokyo-ku, Kyoto-shi 
Tel. 35 4080 
Students 20 


Shirayuri Katei Cakko 

(Shirayuri Home School) 
1,265 Eyomi, Asahi-machi, 
Kume-gun, Okayama-ken 
Densuke Suzuki 


Shizuoka Kiwa Jogakuin 

81 Nishi-Kusabuka-cho, Shizu- 


Tel. Shizuoka 52 1417 

Takuo Matsumoto 

SHS-886, J IIS -749 



Shoe! Junior College 

36, 6-chome Naka-Yamatedori, 
Ikuta-ku, Kobe-shi 
Tel. Kobe 4-2477, 2865 
Eizaburo Yokota 
Jr. College-187 



4-2477, 2865 

Soen Gakuen 

3-3576, Mejiro-machi, Toshima- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 971-4016 
Hatsue Sato 
Students 115 

fg 951-4016 



Shoin Joshigakuin 

565, 3-chome, Aotani-cho, Nada- 

ku, Kobe-shi 

Tel. Kobe 22-5980 

Hinsuke Yashiro 

JC-698, SHS 1,078, JHS 




Shokei Jogakuin 

2 Nakajima-cho, Sendai-shi 
Tel. Sendai 23-3250/1 
JC-376, SHS 1,055, JHS 450 





Snshin Jo Gakko 
8-Nakamaru, Kanagawa-ku, Yo- 

Tel. Yokohama 49-3686/7 
Isamu Chiba 
SHS 524, JHS 484, PS 240 

ffife 49-3686/7 

Shukukawa Gakuin 

12 Kamizono-machi, Nishino- 


Tel. 2-4152, 6351 

Yoshio Masutani 

SHS 1,049, JHS 259 


2-4152, 6351 

Tajima Nomin Fukuin Gakko 

655 Hidaka-machi-shiba, Kino- 
saki-gun, Hyogo-ken 
Genzaburo Yoshida 
Students 17 



Tamagawa Gakuen 

4,050 Kimachida, Machida-shi, 


Tel. (0427) 32-8008 

Kuniyoshi Obara 

C 1,959, SHS 1,234, JHS 

561, PS 584 

IB ftfe (0427) 4-8008 

-561, /J^-584 

Tamagawa Hobo Senmon Gakuin 

2,921 Tamagawa-Nakamachi, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 701-3616 
Takeo Nakajima 
Students -50 

2 CD 21 



100, 3-chome, 



Tel. 701-4321 

Shigehisa Taniguchi 


It 701-4321 

Taura Yosai Gakuin 

2-81, Taura-machi, Yokosuka- 


Kirisutokyo Shakaikan nai 

Z. Thomson 

Z. h A y y 

Tohoku Gakuin 

1 Minami Rokken-cho, Sendai- 


Tel. Sendai 23-0147 

Tadao Oda 

Univ. 4,142, SHS 1,354, NSHS 

332, JHS 982 


Tohoku Seisho Gakuin 

Aza-Shikouchi, Tsutsumi, Oaza, 
Sukagawa-shi, Fukushima-ken 
Kiichi Ando 



Tohoku Seisho Gakko 

Kita-Atagomachi, Araya-machi, 


Philip E. Werdel 

Students 4 

E. 7- 

Tokai Ruteru Seisho Gakuin 

(Tokai Lutheran Bible Institute) 
432 Furusho, Shizuoka-shi 
Philip O. Hyland 
Students 25 

Wlrf] Mi 432 

Ml 2-5566 

7 4- i; y y O. ^7 V K 


Tokyo Baptist Fukuin Senkyo 

2 350, Nishi-Ookubo, Shinjuku- 

ku, Tokyo 

c/o Nippon Baptist Renmei 


Tokyo Kiseibyoin Kango Gakuin 

1-171, Amanuma, Suginami-ku, 


Tel. 391-5161 

E. McCartney 

Students 36 



Tokyo Gakuen 

916, 6-chome, Koiwa-cho, Edo- 
gawa-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. Edogawa 0814 
Gen Sekine 

fflT 6-916 



Tokyo Hobo Denshu Jo 

101 Hara-machi, Bunkyo-ku, 


Tel. 941-2613 

Kiku Ishihara 



Tokyo Seisho Gakko 

(Tokyo Bible School) 
208, 2-chome, Hyakunin-cho, 
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 361-0165 
Tosaji Obara 
Students 25 


31 361-0165 




Tokyo Seisho Gakuin 

(Tokyo Bible Seminary) 
1,477 Megurita, Higashi Mura- 
yama-shi, Tokyo 
Tel. 0423-9-3075 
Akiji Kurumada 
Students 50 


Tokyo Shingaku Juku 

(Tokyo Theological School) 
3, 1-chome Horinouchi, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 
Shin Hasegawa 


Tokyo Typist Gakuin 

(Tokyo Typist School) 
19, 1-chome Kaji-cho, Kanda, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 251 3773 
Minosuke Shinoda 


Tokyo Union Theological Semi 

707 Mure, Mitaka-shi 
Tel. Musashino 3-2594 
Hidenobu Kuwata 
College-124, PCS- 62 


Tokyo Woman s Christian College 

124, 3-chome, logi, Suginami- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 399-1151 
Kenjiro Kimura 
College 1,414, JC 210 


Too Gijuku 

2-Shirokane-cho, Hirosaki-shi 
Tel. Hirosaki 3830, 0702 
Ichiro Kawasaki 
SHS-1,420, JHS-230 



?B UAW 3830, 0702 


Tosh i ma Nomin Fukuin Koko 

Toshima, Tonosho-machi, Sho- 
do-gun, Kagawa-ken 
Students 50 



Toshima Rittai Nogyo Kenkynjo 

(Toshima Agricultural Institute) 
Toshima, Tonosho-machi, Sho- 
do-gun, Kagawa-ken 
Seiichi Fujisaki 
Students 500 

Toyo Eiwa Jo Gakuin 

8 Higashi Toriizaka-machi, 

Azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 481-5478 

Wataru Nagano 

JC-305, SHS-530, JHS 598, 

PS -524 


598, /J^-524 

Toyo Seisho Shingakuin 

1-3-5, Nagata-machi, Nagata- 
ku, Kobe-shi 
Kaoru Konmoto 
Students 8 


Juku Daigaku 

(Tsuda Women s College) 
1,491 Tsuda-machi, Kodaira-shi, 
Tel. (0423) 2-2441 

Taki Fujita 
College 973, 

(0423) 2-2441 


Tsurukawa Gakuin Noson Dendo 
Shin Gakko 

2,024 Nozuta, Machida-shi 
Tel. 0427-32-8755 
Takeshi Muto 
Students 59 

[HI P3rfr?^B 2,024 
f3 0427-32-8775 

Tsuyama Kirisutokyo Toshokan 

96 Yamashita, Tsuyama-shi, 


Tel. 3518 

Keizo Morimoto 





Wesleyan Mesojisuto Shingakko 

(Wesleyan Methodist Seminary) 
261, 3-chome Itabashi-machi, 
Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 



Tel. 961-1233 
R.S. Nicholson 

R. S. - n ^ V v 
William s Shingraku Kan 

(Bishop William s Theological 

c/o Nihon Seikokai Kyoto Kyo- 
ku, Shimotateuri, Karasuma- 
dori, Kamikyo-ku, Kyoto-shi 
Tel. Nishi 44-2372 
Yuzuru Mori 


Yakushima Bible Academy 

Awa Yaku-cho, Kumage-gun, 


David Bush 

Fukuin Kitr Gakko 
70, 3-chome Kamitate-shoji, 
Tel. Yamaguchi 1980 
Masao Hiramatsu 

04 P 1980 

Yamanaahi Eiwa Gakuin 

112 Atago-cho, Kofu-shi 
Tel. Kofu 3-6184/5 
Motoo Yamada 
SHS-555, JHS 503 

-555, 41^-503 

Yashiro Gakuin 

333 Iguchitaira, Tamon-cho. 
Tarumi-ku, Kobe-shi 
Tel. Tarumi 6452 
Hinsuke Yashiro 
SHS 199 



Yokohama Bible Institute 

3,412 Shimokawai-machi, Hodo- 
gaya-ku, Yokohama 
R.C. Midgley 


R. c. s i> y 

Yokohama Hoiku Senmon Gakuin 

(Yokohama Child Welfare Work- 
[* er s Training School) 

221, 4-chome Nakamura-cho, 


Ko Hirano 

Students --161 



ffigr 64-3351 


Yokohama Kyoritsu Gakuen 

212 Yamate-cho, Naka-ku, Yo- 


Tel. Yokohama 64-3785/7 

Katsuyo Jinbo 

SHS-576, JHS-642 


Yokosuka Gakuin 

82 Inaoka-cho, Yokosuka-shi 
Tel. Yokosuka 2-3218/9 
Ganjo Kosaka 

SHS--898, NSHS-190, JHS 
417, PS 315 

- 190, rfi 

^417, /J\e^: 315 

Yokosuka Bunka Fukuso Gakuin 

(Yokosuka Bunka Sewing School) 
81, 2-chome Taura, Yokosuka- 

Tel. Taura 450 
Michiko Naito 



Yokosuka Shakaikan Eigo Gakko 

(Yokosuka Shakaikan English 
Night School) 

81, 2-chome Taura, Yokosuka 
Tel. (0468) 6-3450 
E. W. Thompson 

^ (0468) 6-3450 
E. W. h V 7 V y 

YMCA Yokohama Gaikokugo 

c/o Yokohama YMCA 
Tokiwa-cho, Naka-ku, Yoko- 

Tel. (045) 68-4263 
Toshio Suekane 
Students 2,030 

ffijfi YMCA ft 

qj (045) 68-4263 

$ 2,030 

YMCA Yokohama Nihongo Gakko 

c/o Yokohama YMCA 
Tokiwa-cho, Naka-ku, Yoko- 
Hisato Niwa 
Students 45 


fe YMCA ft 
(045) 68-4263 



Yuai Gakuen Eigo Gakko 

Seiseikan, 2-2, Aza-Ootsuka, 
Oube, Kawanishi-shi 
Tel. 5-2993, 2236 
Keisei Miyake 

5-2993, 2236 


The Association of Christian Pub 
lications and Sales 

(Nippon Kirisutokyo Shuppan 
Hanbai Kyokai) 

c/o Shinkyo Shuppan Sha, 1, 
3-chome, Shin Otfawa-machi, 
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 266 6148 
Chairman : Mr. Norie Akiyama 

Council of Christian Evangelism 
for the Blind in Japan, N. C. C. 

(Nippon Mojin Kirisutokyo Dendo 

c/o NCC, 2, 4-chome, Ginza, 
Chuo-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 561 5003 

Chairman : Rev. Kozo Kashiwai 
Sec. : Rev. T. Imagoma 

402, NCC 

Council of Cooperation 

(Naigai Kyoryoku Kai) 
2, 4-chome, Ginza, Chuo-ku, 

Tel. 561 0931 

Chairman : Rev. Isamu Omura 
Sec. : Rev. Masaharu Tadokoro 
Miss Marjorie Tunbridge 


Education Association of Chris 
tian Schools 

(Kirisutokyo Kyoiku Domei) 
2, 4-chome, Ginza, Chuo-ku, 

Tel. 561-7643 

Chairman : Mr. Kinjiro Oki 
Sec. : Rev. Yoshimune Abe 


Evangelical Missionary Associa 
tion of Japan 

(Nippon Fukuin Senkyoshi Dan) 
104, 1-chome, Akebono-cho 
Tachikawa-shi, Tokyo 
Tel. 04252-4224 
Chairman : Rev. Arthur 

1 <D 104 

^ T -9- 

Evangelical Publishers & Distri 
buters Fellowship 

(Fukuin Shuppan Kyoryoku Kai) 
c/o Christian Literature, 



2, 1-3, Surugadai, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 291-1775 


co 3 9 y * 

,& 291 1775 

Friends of Jesus Society 

(lesu no Tomo no Kai) 
859, 3-chome, Kamikitazawa, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 321-2855 

Chairman : Mrs. Toyohiko Ka- 
gawa (Haru) 

HCtf IPtttESK-h-lfciR 3 <D 859 

fa 321-2855 
&i glll-^ 

International Gideon Association 
in Japan 

(Nippon Kokusai Gideon Kyokai) 
c/o Toko Building, 12, Tomoe- 
cho, Nishikubo, Shiba, Minato- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 581-7878 
Chairman : Mr. Takeo Igarashi 


International Institute for the 
Study of Religions 

(Kokusai Shukyo Kenkyujo) 
c/o National YMCA Building, 
2-1, Nishi Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, 


Tel. 291-4231 

Dir. : Rev. William P. Woodard 

^ 291-4231 
W.P. * yX- K 

Inter-Varsity Christian Fellow 

(Kirisutosha Gakusei Kai) 
3-1, 2-chome, Surugadai, Kanda, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 201-9081 
Sec. : Mr. Hisashi Ariga 

15 201-9081 

t-llf f/W ?/> 

Japan Bible Christian Council 

(Nippon Seisho Kirisutokyo Kyo- 

273, Horinouchi, 1-chome, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 311-5510 

Chairman : Rev. Raymond 

1 V 273 
fll 311-5510 

^a^ ix>f -tv K-^ ; -T 

Japan Bible Society 

(Nippon Seisho Kyokai) 
2, 4-chome, Ginza, Chuo-ku, 

Tel. 561-1081, 5806 
Chairman : Rev. Shiro Murata 
Sec. : Rev. Tsunetaro Miyakod a 



561-1081, 5806 

Japan Christian Academy 

(Nippon Christian Academy) 
2370, 1-chome, Araijuku, Ota- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 771-4341 

Chairman : Mr. Morizo Ishidate 
Sec. : Mr. Kakuzo Sasaki 


Japan Christian Cultural Society 

(Nippon Kirisutokyo Bunka Kyo- 

2, 4-chome, Ginza, Chuo-ku, 

Tel. 561-8446 

Chairman : Rev. Takeshi Muto 
Sec. : Mr. Michio Tateoka 

,G 561-8446 

The Japan Christian Medical 

(Nippon Kirisutosha Ika Renmei) 
c/o National YMCA Building, 
21, Nishi Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, 

Tel. 201-4659, 291-5201/4 
Chairman: Dr. Ren Miyake 

l 2 
YMCA f^M^mft 
d 201-4659, 291-5201/4 

Japan Council of Evangelical 

(Nippon Fukuin Senkyo-shi Ren 

1362-2, Tonowa, Kujiranami- 
cho, Kashiwazaki-shi, Niigata- 
Sec. : Rev. L. R. Spaulding 

g^M L. R. **-^7^v^ 

Japan Gospel Federation 

(Nippon Fukuin Renmei) 
13, 1-chome, Nishi-Hacchobori, 
Chuo-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 561-8816 

Chairman: Rev. Hiroshi Kita- 

rn 13 

Japan Keswik Convention 

(Nippon Keswik Convention) 
Room 42, Student Christian 
Center, 1, 2-chome, Kanda, 
Surugadai, Chiyodaku, Tokyo 
Tel. 291-1910 

Executive Sec. : Rev. Masanao 


IIIMXM \inr.KS 01 Oil II. Kl LIGIO1 S 


X > 

:/ > 3 v 

ff ffc^ffi 42 tf ^ 


Japan Protestant Conference 

(Nippon Protestant Seisho Domei) 

1, 2-chome, Kanda Surugadai, 

Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 291-4304 

Chairman : Rev. Takaoki 

B y P r x * v 

;g 291-4304 

The Japan Society of Christian 

(Nippon Kirisutokyo Gakkai) 
c/o The Dept. of Theology, 
Kanto Gakuin Univ., Mutsuura, 
Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama-shi 
Tel. 045-70-8281 
Chairman : Mr. Ken Ishiwara, 
D. Lit. 

Executive Sec. : Rev. Kano 



Japan Union of Christian En 

(Nippon Rengo Kirisutokyo Kyo- 
Niishima Kaikan, Teramachi- 

dori, Kamikyo-ku, Kyoto 

Tel. 23-5403 

Chairman : Rev. Yoshimune 


-,ii 23-5403 

National Christian Council of 

Japan (NCC) 
(Nihon Kirisutokyo Kyogikai) 

2, 4-chome, Ginza, Chuo-ku, 


Tel. 561-5003, 5571 

Chairman : Rev. Chitose Kishi 

General Sec.: Rev. Chuzo 


,12 561-5003, 5571 

National YMCA of Japan 

(Nippon Kirisutokyo Seinen Kai 

21, Nishi Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, 

Tel. 291 5201/4 

Chairman : Mr. Tokutaro 
General Sec. : Arata Ikeda 

1 O 2 




National YWCA of Japan 

(Nippon Kirisutokyo Joshi Seinen 

15, 4-chome, Kudan, Chiyoda- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 261-7176 

Chairman : Miss Teruko 
General Sec. : Miss Mari Imai 


The Society of Historical Study 
of Christianity 

(Kirisutokyo Shigaku Kai) 
c/o Kanto Gakuin, 4, Miharu- 
dai, Minami-ku, Yokohama-shi 
Tel. 045-23-0305 

Chairman : 




Student Christian Fellowship 

(Gakusei Kirisutokyo Yuai Kai) 
30 Shinano-machi, Shinjuku-ku, 

Tel. 351-2432 

Chairman : Rev. Isamu Omura 
Secretaries : Rev. Eisaku Hara, 
Rev. David Swain 


Name of Director 

American Friends Hoshi Dan 

28 Fujimi-cho, Azabu, Minato- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 473 0903 

Tel. 473-0903 


Betesuda Hoshijo Haha 


526 Oizumi Gakuen machi, 

Nerima-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 996-0802 

Dir. : Rev. Fumio Fukatsu 


lyeHU Dan 

3, 5-chome Azuma-dori, Fukiai 

ku, Kobe Shi 

Tel. 22-3627 

Chmn. : Mrs. Haru Kagawa 

Tel. 996-0802 





Tel. 22-3627 


Jiai En 

320 Kuwamizu-cho, Kumamoto 


Tel. 4-3509 

Dir. : Mr. Soichiro Shioya 


Kirisutokyo Hoiku Kyokai 

c/o Tsubomi Hoiku En 

1405, 3-chome Koiwa-machi, 

Edogawa-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 651 2680 

Chmn. : Mr. Naotaka Araki 


Tel. 4-3509 

Tel. 651 2680 



Kirisutokyo Hoiku Renmei 

3576, 3-chome Mejiro-machi, 

Toshima-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 971 9163 

Chmn. : Miss Hatsue Sato 

3 3576 

Kirisutokyo Hoikujo Domei 

c/o Christian Center 

2, 4-chome, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 561-6131 

Chmn. : Rev. Yoriichi Manabe 

Tel. 971 9163 


9 V * -7- -v V -fc V * - 
Tel. 561-6131 

Tel. 461-0497, 1292 

Kirisutokyo Jido Fukushi Kai 

60, Sakuragaoka-cho, Shibuya- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 461-0497, 1292 

Chmn. : Rev. Yoriichi Manabe 


Kirisutokyo Shakai Jigyo 

c/o Naigai Kyoryoku Kai 

2, 4-chome Ginza, Chuo-ku, 


Tel. 561-0931 

Sec. : Rev. Masaharu Tadokoro 

Tel. 561-0931 


Nippon Friends Hoshi Dan 

14, 1-chome Mitadai-machi, 
Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 451-0804 
Dir. : Mr. Hiroshi Ukaji 


Tel. 451-0804 

Nippon Kirisutokyo Hoshi 

(Japan Church World Service) 

2, 4-chome Ginza, Chuo-ku, 


Tel. 561-5257, 4774, 7560 

Chmn. : Rev. Yoriichi Manabe 

Sec. Rev. Kentaro Buma 

Tel. 561-5257, 4774, 7560 

Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan 
Deaconess Kyokai 

c/o Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan 

2, 4-chome Ginza, Chuo-ku 


Tel. 561-6131 

Chmn. : Rev. Michio Kozaki 



Tel. 561-6131 


Nippon Kyurai Kyokai 

6, 1-chome Nishiki-cho, Kanda, 

Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 291 5565 

Dir. : Mr. Yasutaro Goto 

Tel. 291-5565 

Nippon Kyuseiffun Shakai Bu 

17, 1-chome Jinbo-cho, Kanda, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 261-7311/3 
Dir. : Commissioner Charles 


Tel. 261-7311/3 

* * /u x r / * -/ K y 

Nippon Ruteru Kyodan Sha 
kai I ukushi Bu 
16, 1-chome Fujimi-cho, Chiyo 
da-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 261-5266 
Dir. : Mrs. Shun Shimada 

Tel. 401-2314 

Nippon Seikokai Shakai 
Jigyo Renmei 

c/o Nippon Seikokai Kyomuin 

23 Tokiwamatsu-cho, Shibuya- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 401-2314 

Dir. : Rev. Shinji Takeda 


Seikokai Hoiku Renmei 

c/o Nagoya Matai Daiseido 

53, 2-chome Akizuki-cho, Sho- 

wa-ku, Nagoya Shi 

Tel. 84-5779 

Chmn. : Rev. Seishiro Aizawa 


Unchu Sha 

859, 3-chome Kamikitazawa, 

Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 321-2855 

Dir.: Mrs. llaru Kagawa 


Tel. 84-5779 

Tel. 321-2855 

Tel. 261 5266 


(Kirisutokyo Shakai Jigyo Domei) 

Name of Director 
Nature of Work 

Ai no I/umi 

1364 Oaza Raiha, Kazo Shi, 
Saitama Ken 
Tel. Kazo 341 
Dir. : Miss G. Kuecklich 
Nursery, Orphanage, 
Old People s Home 





Ai no Tomo Kyokai 

11, 7-chome, Otowa-cho, Bun- 

kyo-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 941-0260 

Dir. : Mrs. Shigeyo Hasegawa 

Crippled people, Vocational aid 


Tel. 941-0260 


@ 0^j 

Bethesda Home 

2133 Kaneda, Chosei-mura, 

Chosei-gun, Chiba Ken 

Tel. Chosei 0062 

Dir. : Mrs. Shigeyo Hasegawa 

Crippled people 

Tel. -g^ 0062 

Aikei Gakuen 

1035, 1-chome, Motogi-cho, 

Adachi-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 886-2815 

Dir. : Miss M. G. Simons 

Neighborhood Center 

^iB^FftffilE^Br 1-1035 

Tel. 886-2815 
M. G. -^ -f -t v X 


Tel. 872-4547 

Airin Dan 

106 Shimo-Negishi, Daito-ku, 


Tel. 872-4547 

Dir. : Mr. Hideo Fuse 

Neighborhood, Nursery 


Airin Kai 

867, 8-chome, Kamimeguro, 

Meguro-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 461-3475 

Dir. : Mr. Shigeru Sato 

Nursing and Old age Home 

Dispensary with Hostel 

Nursery, Clinic, Orphanage 


Tel. 461-3475 

Aisen Kai 

Mikamo-cho, Miyoshi-gun, 

Tokushima Ken 

Tel. Kamo 0034 

Dir. : Mr. Chikao Katayama 





Kamo Hakuai En 

Mikamo-cho, Miyoshi-gun, To 
kushima Ken 
Tel. Kamo 0034 
Dir. : Mr. Chikao Katayama 
Physically Handicapped 


Aiko Kai 

Miyadani, Koge-cho, Yazu-gun, 

Tottori Ken 

Tel. Koge 0075 

Dir. : Rev. Shohei Kamaya 

Widow s Home, Nursery 

PJ_h Tel. 

Tel. |$# 0075 

Akashi Airo En 

2914, 3-chome, Uenomaru, 
Akashi Shi, Hyogo Ken 
Tel. Akashi 3910 
Dir. : Rev. Bunichiro Yada 
Old People s Home 




Akita Fujin Home 

2 of 41, Furukawa-Shinmachi, 

Taruyama, Akita Shi 

Tel. Akita 2 3512 

Dir. : Mrs. Kai Hayakawa 

Nursery, Widow s Home 




Tel. Ml 2-3512 

cm / 

Baiko Kai 

25 Kami-takajo-machi, Kana- 

zawa Shi 

Tel. Kanazawa 3-3984 

Dir. : Mr. Kanae Oda 

Nursery, Children s welfare 

J 25 

Moro-juku Hoikuen 

3750 Moro-machi, Itabashi-ku, 


Tel. 961-7525 

Dir. ; Rev. Fumio Fukatsu 


matP^iiiK^sffli 3750 

Tel. 961-7525 



Bethesda Hoshibo no le 

526 Oizumi Gakuen-cho, Neri- 

ma-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 996-0802 

Dir. : Rev. Fumio Fukatsu 

Training, Nursery 


Tel. 996 0802 

Izumi Ryo 

Same as above 
Work for Prostitutes 

Bott Memorial Home 

21, 2-chome, Tamagawa-Naka- 
machi, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 701-3676 
Dir. : Mr. Yoshiaki Otani 
Orphanage, Nursery School 


Tamagawa Hobo Senmon Gaku- 

same as above 

Training school for nursery 


Tel. 701-3676 

Eiko En 

Midorigaoka, Shoen, Beppu Shi, 
Tel. Beppu 2227 
Dir. : Mr. Kofuku Kogo 
Orphanage, Baby Care 



Tel. yijfft 2227 



Futaba Hoiku En 

4 of 4, Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, 


Tel. 341-1205 

Dir. : Miss Yuki Tokunaga 

Orphanage, Nursery, Widow s 

Home, Baby Care 


Tel. 341-1205 

Minami Moto Bun En 

4 Minami-moto-cho, Shinjuku- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 351-3819 

Dir. : Miss Yuki Tokunaga 

Nursery, Widow s Home, Baby 


Tel. 351 3819 

Ochiai Bun En 

667 of 2, Kami-Ochiai, 

juku-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 361 7274 (Yobidashi) 

Dir. : Miss Yuki Tokunaga 



Tel. 361-7274 



Kami-Ishiwara Bun En 

25 Kami-ishiwara, Chofu Shi, 


Tel. 0424-82-2587 

Dir. : Miss Yuki Tokunaga 

Youth Dormitory 


Futaba Kai 

145 Okata-cho, Anan Shi, Toku- 

shima Ken 

Tel. Anan 0548 

Dir. : Mr. Shigeru Satsuma 


Tel. 0424-82-2587 

Tel. piJifj 0548 


Fuyo Kai 

Komatsudaira, Yoshiwara Shi, 

Shizuoka Ken 

Tel. Yoshiwara 0402 

Dir. : Mr. Shunichi Tomaki 

Orphanage, Baby Care 



Tel. Tfflgl 0402 

Hakuho Kai 

133 Heiraku, Minami-ku, Yoko 
hama Shi 

Tel. Yokohama 64-3351 
Dir. : Miss Tsune Hirano 
Nursery, Orphanage, Medical 
Clinic, Child Council 


Tel. ffifc 64-3351 

Hakujuji Kai 

5811 Kowada, Chigasaki Shi 
Tel. Fujisawa 6-8044 
Dir. : Mr. Seiichi Takahashi 
Physically Weak Children 

Tel. jfJ2R 6-8044 

Hiroshima Christian Social 

1438, Minami-misasa-machi, 

Hiroshima Shi 

Tel. Hiroshima 3-6954 

Dir. : Mr. L. H. Thompson 

Neighborhood, Nursery, Chil 

dren s Welfare 

L. H. 

b v 7 V V 


Hozana En 

1270 Bessho, Urawa Shi 

Tel. Urawa 4210 

Dir. : Mr. Hideo Yokoyama 



lesu Dan 

3 of 5, Azuma-dori, Fukiai-ku, 

Kobe Shi 

Tel. Kobe 22-3627 

Dir. : Mr. Masaru Takeuchi 

Nursery, Baby Care, Neighbor 

f **@| 

WFTtiK^K^SM 5-3 
Tel. ^p 22-3627 

Kagawa Kinen Kan 

Same as above 

Toyoshima Shin Ai Kan 

Toyoshima, Shozu-gun, Kagawa 


Dir. ; Mr. Masaru Takeuchi 

Baby Care 






Ishii Kinen Aisen En 

41 Kita-Nitto-cho, Naniwa-ku, 


Tel. Osaka 64-3751 

Dir. : Mr. Shigeyoshi Takatsu 

Medical, Neighborhood 


Izumi Kai 

6 of 139, Okura-cho, Setagaya- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 416-2407 

Dir. : Mrs. Kazue Hayama 

Crippled, Living Aid 



Tel. 416-2407 

Jomo Airin Sha 

149 Iwagami-cho, Maebashi Shi 
Tel. Maebashi 2 2241 
Dir. : Mr. Chukichi Aigawa 
Nursery, Orphanage, Widow s 



Tel. mm 2-2241 

Maebashi Boshi Ryo 

Address is the same as above 
Dir. : Mr. Akira Nakatsuka 
Widow s Home 

Juji no Sono 

11 of 7220, Nakagawa, Hosoe- 
cho, Insa-gun, Shizuoka Ken 
Tel. Sanbobara 0145 
Dir. : Mr. Seiji Suzuki 
Old People s Home 

Tel. H 


Kamakura Hoiku En 

607 Omachi, Kamakura Shi 
Tel. Kamakura 2-0424 
Dir.: Mr. Noboru Satake 

r 607 




A vase Home 

Terao, Ayase-cho, Koza-gun, 

Kanagawa Ken 

Dir. : Mr. Noboru Satake 

Nursing Care 

Hit* -A 


Kamakura Seiyo Kan 

543 Gokurakuji, Kamakura Shi 
Tel. Kamakura 2-3245 
Dir. : Rev. Mikizo Matsuo 
Old Age Home 

^ 543 
Tel. |f .H 2-3245 

Keiai Ryo 

1551, Fukuda, Yamato Shi, 
Kanagawa Ken 
Tel. Chogo 0338 
Dir. : Mr. Naoya Sakai 
Old Age Home 




Keisen Ryo 

8 Oreyama, Kobubashi, Yama- 
da-cho, Hyogo-ku, Kobe Shi 
Tel. Kobe 0256 
Dir.: Mr. Soji Saito 



Kinugasa Hospital 

222 Koyabe-cho, Yokosuka Shi 
Tel. Yokosuka 5-1182, 1183 
Dir. : Mr. Toshihiko Miyachi 






Kobe Fujin Dojo Kai 

4, 2-chome, Aotani-cho, Nada- 

ku, Kobe 

Tel. Kobe 86-5357 

Dir. : Mr. Kazuo Jo 

Nursery, Orphanage, Widow s 






Sonoda Ryo 

28 Ko-nakajima, Amagasaki Shi 
Tel. Amagasaki 0648-5953 
Dir. : Mr. Kazuo Jo 
Orphanage, Widow s Home, 

An Outstanding English Language Daily ^hC J^p^H TSlflCS 

4!)0 per month 
hc Japan TimCS Airmail Edition 

The Japan TimCS Weekly International Edition 

Subscription Service: Address all subscriptions and correspondence 
concerning them to The Japan Times, Ltd. 

The Japan Times, Ltd. 

Head Office: 1-1, Uchisaiwai-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo Tel: 591-531 1 
Osaka Office: Yodoyabashi Bldg., 1-chome, Nakanoshima, 
Kita-ku, Osaka Tel: 202-3591 

1 yr. 2,500 

(Reg. 3,600) 

In Every Issue : 

Mail Remittance to : 
TIME-LIFE International 
CPO Box 88 

Tel. (231) 15015 


1 Yr-Y 1,400 
(Reg. 2,0001 

564 B 

World Greatest Bookstore 


Established 1869 




TEL. 271-2351 



Publishers & 

Book Importers Exporters 

Subscription Agency 



826, Tsunohazu 1-chome, Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan 


Odakyo Department Shinmaru Bldg. Sankei-kaikan Bldg. Otemachi Bldg. 
Store Bldg. 

364 C 

Harper & Row, Publishers 

New York INCORPORATED Evaniton 

Buber, M. : Pointing the \V ay. (TB/103) 650 

Bubcr, M. : Eclipse of God. (TB/12) 510 

Bultmann, R. & Kundsin, K. : Form Criticism. (TB/96) ...560 

Gilson, E. : Dante and Philosophy. (TB/ 1 089) 780 

Helm, K. : 

Christian Faith and Natnral Science. (TB/16) 560 

Niebuhr, H. R. : Christ and Culture. (TB/3) 740 


10, 3-Chome, Nishi-Ohkubo, Shinjuku-Ko, Tokyo 

InsuranceAll Types 

Acme Services offers you the benefit of 
40 years General Insurance Experience. 
Tlie Best Coverage 

At the Lowest Cost 


(Insurance Agents and Brokers) I 

H. E. castie (President) All Leading Insurance Go s I 

(Asst. to President) Room 231/232, Marunouchi Yaesu lildg. 

H. a?bSS S0r Marunouchi. Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 

Y. Uchidateum SuSvlsor! Central P. O. Box 1645 

?i? t( ? h , (Account Supervisor) Tel : 212 5831/5 

N. Iked;i (Account Supervisor) 

K.Ohtake (Auditor) Residence Tel : 321-3342 

T. Ishihara T. Yana A. Ohta ,, . ... */-i~ 

H. Uzawa T. Kusakabt- Cable Address : ACMLSER 

364 D 



What s in a furoshiki? 

A furoshiki (pronounced foo-rosh ki) is 
the traditional Japanese carry-all. It s 
likely to hold just about anything. Now, 
if you re interested in knowing what that 
"anything" might be and why it was put 
there, you d better talk to the people who 
conduct the most extensive and intensive 
motivational research in Japan. 

These people wortc at Dentsu, by far 
the largest advertising agency in Japan 
and fifth largest in the world. The Dentsu 
findings are based on consumer panel 
studies, marketing surveys, media ana 
lysis, and all sorts of pertinent advertis- 
J ng statistics. In short, Dentsu s research 

department does everything possible to 
find out as much as possible about the 
consumer s buying habits. 

Then and only then can you expect to 
devise the kind of marketing strategy you 
must have if you re going to sell in a 
market that s quite unlike any other 
market in the world. 

So if one day you expect to find your 
product in a furoshiki, a few words to 
the wise from Dentsu can get the busi 
ness wrapped up quicker. Address 
inquiries to: Haruo Yoneda, Director, 
International Advertising Dept., Dentsu 
Advertising Ltd., Nishi-Ginza, Tokyo. 





ift 28 
Tel. /*& 0648-5953 

Tel. ^R 4-5897 

Kobe Shinsei Juku 

883 of 7, Nakayamate-dori, Iku- 

ta-ku, Kobe 

Tel. Kobe 4-5897 

Dir. : Mrs. Aiko Mizutani 

Orphanage, Baby Nursery 


Kobo Kan 

30, 4-chome, Terajima-cho, 

Sumida-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 611-1880 

Dir. : Miss Kazuko Nakamura 

Medical, Neighborhood, Nur 

sery, Children s Welfare 


JKttftfiBg^finr 4-30 
Tel. 611-1880 

Kutsukake Gakiuo 

Karuizawa-machi, Kutsukake, 

Nagano Ken 

Tel. Karuizawa 2086 

Dir.: Miss Kazuko Nakamura 





Koho Kai 

3-3, Asakusa Tanaka-cho, Dai- 

to-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 872-0058 

Dir. : Mr. Shozo Endo 

Medical, Baby Nursery 


Komochiyama Gakuen 

Komochi-mura, Gunma Ken 
Tel. Shibukawa 0096 
Dir. : Mr. Eizo Nakazawa 

Tel. 872-0058 



Kuniiiii En 

1341 Mimuro, Urawa Shi 
Tel. Urawa 2-3541 
Dir. : Rev. Fukumatsu Kasai 
Feebleminded Children 



rififiiiifET^ 1341 

Tel. iififil 2-3541 



95, 2-chome, Nishi, Azuma-cho, 

Sumida-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 612-4920 

Dir. : Rev. Yoriichi Manabe 

Nursery, Neighborhood 

JKstlBSffllXSJIWriS 2-95 

Tel. 612-4920 

Maizuru Futaba Ryo 

5 of 7, Momoyama-cho, Maizuru 


Tel. Maizuru Higashi 0122 

Dir. : Mr. Jun Senda 


MMrffftOjUr 7-5 

Tel. mm 0122 


Nagoya Christian Social 

17, 6-chome, Miyoshi-cho, 
Minami-ku, Nagoya Shi 
Tel. Nagoya 81-8971 
Dir. : Mr. Tadao Kozaki 



Tel. 361-0934 

Nippon Kirisutokyo Fujin 

360, 3-chome, Hyakunin-cho, 

Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 361-0934 

Dir. : Mrs. Ochimi Kubushiro 

Home for prostitutes 


Nippon Suijo Gakuen 

140 Yamate-machi, Naka-ku, 

Yokohama Shi 

Tel. Yokohama 20-9683 

Dir. : Mr. Yuzuru Uchiyama 



Tel. ffife 20-9683 


Nyuji Hogo Kyokai 

133, 1-chome, Mutsumi-cho, 
Minami-ku, Yokohama Shi 
Tel. Yokohama 73-2686 
Dir. : Mrs. Fuji Kurokawa 
Health of mother and child 




Tel. ffife 73-2686 

Akebonocho Sodanjo 

133, 1-chome, Mutsumi-cho, 
Minami-ku, Yokohama 
Tel. Yokohama 73-2686 
Dir. : Mrs. Fuji Kurokawa 
Health of mother and child 


Tel. ffitft 73-2686 


Daini-Ooka Sodanjo 

6, 3-chome, Nakazato-cho, 
nami-ku, Yokohama Shi 
Tel. Yokohama 73 1658 
Dir. : Mrs. Fuji Kurokawa 
Health of mother and child 



73 1658 

Shirayuri Shinryo Sodansho 

1675 Nakada-cho, Totsuka-ku, 
Yokohama Shi 
Tel. Yokohama 88-5412 
Dir. : Mrs. Fuji Kurokawa 
Health of mother and child 

Tel. jfcfft 88-5412 


Shirayuri Noen 

All same as above but phone 
Tel. Yokohama 88-3159 



Shirayuri Boshi Ryo 
All same as above 

Shirayuri Aiji En 

All same as above but phone 
Tel. Yokohama 88-5413 

Tel. Wife 88-5413 

Okayama Hakuai Kai 

37 Hanabatake, Okayama Shi 
Tel. Okayama 2 7417, 3-1407 
Dir. : Mr. Yoshio Sarai 
Medical, Nursery 


Tel. fi^lll 2-7417, 3-1407 



Okayama Hakuai Hospital 

All same as above 

Okayama Hakuai Daini Byoin 

50 Kadotayashiki, Okayama Shi 
Tel. Okayama 3-8118 
Dir. : Mr. Yoshio Sarai 
Medical, Nursery 



Okayama Hakuai Hoiku En 

50 Hanabatake, Okayama Shi 
Dir. : Mr. Yoshio Sarai 


Oncho En 

206, 2-chome, Yakuendai-machi, 
Funabashi Shi, Chiba Ken 
Tel. Narashino 7- 4020 
Dir. : Mr. Hajime Ohama 
Nursery, Orphanage 

Tel. :,l;f 7-4020 

Dir. : Mr. Hitoshi Masuya 
Medical, Neighborhood, Nursery 



Osaka Christian Social Cen 

14, 6-chome, Minamihiraki, 
Nishinari-ku, Osaka Shi 
Tel. Osaka 562-1450 


Osaka Gyomei Kan 

7 Kasugadecho, Naka 4-chome, 

Konohana-ku, Osaka Shi 

Tel. Osaka 461-0327 

Dir. : Mr. Yoshiaki Nakanishi 



461-0327, 6672 

Osaka Suijo Rinpo Kan 

18 Yamazaki, Shimamoto-cho, 
Mishima-gun, Osaka Fu 
Tel. Kyoto Yamazaki 0041 
Dir. : Mr. Haruka Nakamura 
Nursery, Neighborhood, Orpha 




Saitama Ikuji In 

4904 Oaza Kasahata, Kawagoe 


Tel. Kawagoe 2-2107 

Dir. : Mrs. Yoshi Katoda 





San Iku Kai 

19, 3-chome, Taihei-cho, Sumi- 

da-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 622-9191 

Dir. : Mr. Noboru Niwa 




Tel. 622-9191 

Sanikukai Hospital 

All same as above 

Toyono Hospital 

Toyono, Toyono-machi, Kami- 

Minochi-gun, Nagano Ken 

Tel. Toyono 0064 

Dir. : Mr. Noboru Niwa 




Tokai Hospital 

Ikeshinden, Hamaoka-cho, 

Ogasa-gun, Shizuoka Ken 
Tel. Hamaoka 0128/9 
Dir. : Mr. Noboru Niwa 

Tel. ^I til 0128/9 

Jun Kanjfo Gakuin 

6, 4-chome, Yokokawabashi, 

Sumida-ku, Tokyo 

Dir. : Mr. Noboru Niwa 





Sei Ai Home 

2356 Miyaji, Yazaki, Tsuyazaki- 

machi, Munakata-gun, Fukuoka 


Tel. Tsuyazaki 0039 

Dir.: Mr. Hiraku Endo 

Old age Home 



Seirei Hoyo En 

3453 Sanbobara-machi, Hama- 
matsu Shi 

Tel. Sanbobara 0003, 0048 
Dir. : Mr. Tamotsu Hasegawa 
Medical, Welfare 

0003, 0048 

Tel. H 





Seiwa Shakai Kan 

18 Igainonaka 5-chome, Ikuno- 

ku, Osaka Shi 

Tel. Osaka 731-6112 

Dir. : Mr. Mitsuo Hamada 

Nursery, Children s Welfare 


Sendai Kirisutokyo Ikuji In 

12 Aza Shinzutsumi, Odawara, 
Haranomachi, Sendai Shi 
Tel. Sendai 22 6303 
Dir. : Mr. Takashi Osaka 
Orphanage, Babies 



Shi mi/u Nyuji In 

1273, 3-chome, Irie-cho, Shimi- 

zu Shi 

Tel. Shimizu 2-5369 

Dir. : Miss Aiko Kojima 

Baby Nursery 

c 2-5369 


Shin Ai Home 

676 Hongo, Moroyama, Moro- 

yama-cho, Iruma-gun, Saitama 


Tel. Moroyama 0040 

Dir. : Mr. Yoriyuki Matsumoto 





Shion Kai 

444 Aza Hamaizumi, Oaza Yuno- 

hama, Tsuruoka Shi 

Tel. Yunohama 0065 

Dir. : Mr. Kiichiro Igarashi 

Orphanage, Old age Home 

mi^iti^^^-if^^^*- 444 
Tel. Mfe 0065 

Yunohama Shionkai Rojin 

All same as above. 
Old age Home 

Nanakubo Shionkai Jido Home 

288, 1-chome, Aza Kubohata, 
Oaza Shimokawa, Oyama-cho, 
Nishitagawa-gun, Yamagata 



Tel. Yunohama 0222 
Dir. : Mr. Kiichiro Igarashi 


Shizuoka Home 

183 Inomiya-cho, Shizuoka Shi 
Tel. Shizuoka 52-1588 
Dir. : Mr. Tetsu Ishimaru 
Orphanage, Nursery 



Sunamachi Yuai En 

232, 5-chome, Kita-Sunamachi, 

Koto-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 644-7332 

Dir. : Mr. Hirozo Inoue 



Tamayodo En 

Tamayodo, Yorii-machi, Sai 

tama Ken 

Tel. Yorii 0203 

Dir. : Mr. Shozo Endo 

Babies Home 

Tel. 644-7332 






Tokushima Fujin Home 

32, 1-chome, Kita Dekishima- 
cho, Tokushima Shi 
Tel. Tokushima 2-8236 
Dir. : Mr. Takayoshi Sato 
Orphanage, Widow s Home 


Tokyo Ikusei En 

754, 1-chome, Kamiuma-cho, 

Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 421-0041 

Dir. : Mr. Masayoshi Matsu- 



Tokyo Katei Gakko 

767, 3-chome, Kami Takaido, 
Suginami-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 391-0682, 392-3750 
Dir. : Rev. Shintaro Imai 
Orphanage, Nursery 

Tel. 421-0041 



Tel. 391-0682, 392-3750 


Hokkaido Katei Gakko 

Engaru-machi, Ashibetsu-gun, 


Dir. : Rev. Shintaro Imai 

Delinquent Boys 


Tottori Kodomo Gakuen 

417, 5-chome, Tachikawa-cho, 

Tottori Shi 

Tel. Tottori 2765 

Dir. : Mr. Takeo Fujino 



Yodogawa Zenrin Kan 

33, 2-chome, Honsho Nakadori, 
Oyodo-ku, Osaka Shi 
Tel. Osaka 371-0070, 0508 
Dir.: Mr. Hiroshi Yanagihara 

frl 2-33 
371-0070, 0508 

Tel. A 
19 ft 

Yokohama Katei Gakuen 

114 Kamadai-machi, Hodogaya- 

ku, Yokohama Shi 

Tel. Yokohama 43-2884, 30-0795 

Dir. : Mr. Shiro Arima 

Work for delinquents, Dispen 


$^fU{SKlic?[DJ 114 
Tel. ffife 43-2884 


Wakaba Dispensary 

108 Kamadai-machi, Hodogaya- 
ku, Yokohama Shi 
Dir. : Mr. Shiro Arima 



Yokohama Rikko Sha 

106 Maruyama-cho, Isogo-ku, 

Yokohama Shi 

Dir. : Mr. Shiro Arima 


Yokohama Kunmo In 

181 Takenouchi, Naka-ku, Yoko 
hama Shi , 

Tel. Yokohama 64-3939 
Dir. : Mr. Ikuta Imamura 
The Blind 






Yokohama Mission Dispen 

100, 1-chome, Minami Ota- 

machi, Minami-ku, Yokohama 


Tel. Yokohama 3-4992 

Dir. : Rev. E. Lang 


Tel. Taura 3450 
Dir. : Mr. Shiro Abe 
Nursery, Neighborhood, 
Widow s Home 



E. 7 


Yokosuka Kirisutokyo Sha- 

81, 2-chome, Taura-machi, 
Yokosuka Shi 


Tel. HlflU 3450 

Yu Ai Kan 

558, 1-chome, Shiroyama-cho, 

Nagasaki Shi 

Tel. Nagasaki 4-1475 

Dir. : Mr. E. Shimer 

Medical, Neighborhood, Nursery 

j(H; 1-558 



Key a _ m 


Name of Director or Representative 
Nature of Work @ 

Agape Sagyojo 

430, 2-chome, Shimotakaido, 

Suginami-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 321-7541 

Dir. : Rev. Kentaro Buma 

Work for the Handicapped 

tfF 2-430 

Tel. 321-7541 

Ai no le 

36 Naka-machi Otsuka, Bun- 
kyo-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 941-4890 
Dir. : Maki Suzuki 


Aisei Ciakuen 

4 Uchikoshi-machi, Nakano-ku, 


Tel. 378-0083 

Tel. 941-4892 

Rep. : Yasu Konno 

Work for the Handicapped 



Tel. 378-0083 

Aiyu Yoro En 

4642 Higashi Haramachi, Mito 


Tel. 2-6157 

Dir. : Mr. Shin Yamaguchi 

Old Age Home 

7J<PTU^ir,Br 4642 
Tel. 2-6157 

Ajiro Boshi Ryo 

250 Ajiro, Itsukaichi-machi, 
Nishi-Tama-gun, Tokyo 
Tel. Itsukaichi 121 
Dir. : Mr. Iwao Sakamoto 
Widow s Home 



Tel. a Hilf 121 

Akitsu Ryoiku En 

1529 Minami Akitsu, Higashi 

Murayama Shi, Tokyo 

Tel. 9 1377 

Rep. : Miss Kumako Kusano 

Work for the Handicapped 


Tel. 9-1377 

Aoba Cakuen 

1 Aza Shinbayashi, Oaza Do- 

bune, Azuma-machi, Shinobu- 

gun, Fukushima Ken 

Tel. Sakura 22 

Dir. : Suna Mio 


it A 22 

Arisu Kan 

643 Maruo, Myotani-cho, Taru- 
mi-ku, Kobe Shi 
Rep. : Rt. Rev. Hinsuke Yashiro 
Orphanage, Old Age Home 


.::, - 

Asahi^aoka Boshi Ryo 

45 Higashi Asahigaoka, Chiba 


Dir. : Fumiko Tanabe 

Widow s Home 


Asahikawa Fukuin Sha 

24-chome, 5 Jo-dori, Asahikawa 


Dir. : Mr. Saiji Shichinohe 


24 TI-I 

Asuiriro Gakuen 
Hinokuchi-mae, Imabari Shi 
Tel. 4-9233 

Dir.: Mr. Takashi Otsuka 

Tel. 4 9233 




Beppu Heiwa En 

3088-27, Oaza Beppu, 


Tel. 2753 

Dir. : Mr. Masato Kato 



WlJffffcfc^BUJff 3088-27 
Tel. 2753 


Betania Home 

12 Yanagihara-machi, Sumida- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 631-0444 

Dir. : Rev. William Billow 

Widow s Home 


Chiba Betania Home 

1, 1-chome, Konodai, Ichikawa 


Tel. 2-6055 

Dir. : Mr. Etsuo Tomoda 

Work for the Handicapped 


Tel. 631-0444 

-> ^ D r A t* 

Tel. 2-6055 

Chigasaki Gakuen 

5777 Kowada, Chigasaki Shi, 
Kanagawa Ken 

Tel. 6-6240 

Tel. 6-6240 

Dir. : Mrs. Shizue Yoshimi 

Work for the Handicapped 


Children s Gospel Home 

855, 3-chome, Kamikitazawa- 
cho, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 321-6521 
Dir. : Kin Horiuchi 
V l/ y X 


Children s Home 

439-2, Hitaida, Naka-machi, 
Naka-gun, Ibaragi Ken 
Tel. Sugaya 1026 
Rep. : Mr. Michio Suzuki 

^ /u K i/ v X * - A 
^^^^MiP^fpJIBT^ffl 2-439 
Tel. -g & 1026 

Tel. 321-6521 

Chi no Shio Kai 

423 Mure, Mitaka Shi, Tokyo 
Dir. : Keiko Kawagaki 
Medical, Sanatorium 



Christian Service Center 

7, 1-chome, Tokiwa-cho, Naka- 

ku, Yokohama Shi 

Tel. 68-2916 

Dir. : Mr. J. C. D. Mayer 

Relief, Employment, Dormitory 

y # / ^ * y 

Tel. 68-2916 
H - y C. D. 


Daito Gakuen Shakai-bu, 

40, 2-chome, Tamagawa Naka- 

machi, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 701-1888 

Dir. : Rev. Takeru Arahara 



Dojin (i. ikiiin 

Harajuku, Hitaka-machi, Iruma- 

gun, Saitama Ken 

Tel. 29 

Dir. : Tome Sekine 


Tel. 701 1888 

Tel. 29 

Eisei Kai Boshi Home 

3-kumi, Shimo Noguchi, Beppu 


Dir. : Kotora Nagai 

Widow s Home 

Elizabeth Sanders Home 

1152 Oiso, Oiso-machi, Naka- 

gun, Kanagawa Ken 

Tel. 6-0007 

Dir. : Mrs. Miki Sawada 

Orphanage, Babies Home 

y ^?* ^ .-h A 


Friend Home 

125 Minamida-machi, Matsue 

Tel. 2-3920 
Dir. : Chiyoko Kadoi 
Work for the Handicapped 
y i/V K ?h A 

ttttifTiUffliirr 125 

Tel. 2-3920 




Fujikura Gakuen 
Tama Fujikura Gakuen 

1230 Miyama-cho, Hachioji Shi, 


Tel. Ongata 62 

Dir. : Hana Kawada 

Work for the Handicapped 



Tel. &-/j 62 

Oshima Fujikura Bunen 

128 Umanose, Oshima-machi, 


Tel. Izu Oshima 25 

Dir. : Mr. Nobumichi Kawada 

Work for the Handicapped 



Tel. (JKZ 



Fukagawa Airin Gakuen 

6, 2-chome, Edogawa-cho, Fuka- 
gawa, Koto-ku, Tokyo 
Dir.: Rev. Reiji Takahashi 


Fukagawa Shakai Kan 

5, 2-chome, Shirakawa-cho, 

Fukagawa, Koto-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 641 0273 

Rep. : Mr. Seiji Akiba 


Ar fftY 



Tel. 641-0273 

Fukuin lin 

909-47, Minamikata-cho, Higa- 
shi, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka Shi 
Dir. : Mr. Hiroshi Munauchi 


Fukushima Seishi Ryogo En 

2, 1-chome, Furuyakata, Oaza 

Kami-Tairakubo, Taira Shi 

Tel. 3489 

Dir. : Mr. Ichiro Okochi 

Work for the Handicapped 


Tel. 3489 



Futaba En 

30, 1-chome, 

Suginami-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 391 3684 

Rep. : Mr. Iwao Takashima 


Gotenba Colony 

Nishi Ogikubo, 1798 Nakabata, Gotenba 
Shizuoka Ken 
Tel. 2-1241 

Dir. : Mr. Isao Yamashita 
Work for the Handicapped 


Tel. 391 3684 


Futaba Shudo En 

123 Minami Nakano-machi, 

Omiya Shi 

Dir. : Mr. Ryoichi Kondo 

Work for the Handicapped 



Gifu Kunmo Kyokai 

4, 1-chome, Umekawa-cho, Gifu 


Tel. 3 1310 

Dir. : Mr. Yasuo Itobayashi 

Work for the Handicapped 

(Training for the Blind) 

Tel. 3 1310 

Tel. 2-1241 


Hakodate Moa Gakuin 

87 Motomachi, Hakodate Shi 
Rep. : Mr. Bunjiro Sato 
Work for the Handicapped 
(Deaf & Blind) 


Hakuaisha Shinryojo 

65, 2-chome, Kitadori, Moto 

Imasato-dori, Higashi Yodo- 

gawa-ku, Osaka Shi 

Tel. 301-5428 

Dir.: Setsu Hashimoto 


2 65 

Tel. 301 5428 




Hakuju So 

967, 8-chome, Kamimeguro, Me- 

guro-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 461-0209 

Dir. : Mr. Junichi Amano 

Old Age Home 


Tel. 461-0209 

Hakujuji Kai 

Gakusei Sanatorium 

c/o Hakujuji Kai 

145 Noguchi, Higashi Mura- 

yama Shi, Tokyo 

Tel. 9-2322 

Dir. : Dr. Minoru Nomura, M.D. 

Sanatorium for Students 



Hakujuji Kai Shinryojo 

14, 1-chome, Fujimi-cho, Chiyo- 

do-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 261 6491 

Dir. : Dr. Minoru Nomura, M.D. 



Tel. 9-2322 

ill tffiBFf^m 1X^:1; 
Tel. 261 6491 


Kashima Hakujuji Byoin 

5651 Okunoya, Kamisu-mura, 

Kashima-gun, Ibaragi Ken 

Tel. Yabuhara 3, 69 

Dir. : Dr. Chikao Nakano, M.D. 


Tel. m%( 3, 69 

Murayama Sanatorium 

145 Noguchi, Higashi Mura 

yama Shi, Tokyo 

Tel. 9-2322 

Dir. : Dr. Minoru Nomura, M.D. 



Tel. 9-2322 


Harunaso Byoin 

765 Kamimurota, Haruna-machi, 
Gunma-gun, Gunma Ken 
Tel. Murota 119, 255 
Dir. : Mr. Masao Hara 

8PimiMISBBr^fflT 765 

Tel. ^ffl 119, 255 



Sei Yoakimu Kyo 

c/o Haruna So 
Address : Same as above 
Dir. : Mr. Naohiko Okubo 

Hikari no Ko Hoikuen 

Akagawa, Shirakawa-cho, 

mo-gun, Gifu Ken 

Tel. Akagawa 19 

Dir. : Mr. Kanji Yamaguchi 



Tel. ,/f;f"J 19 

Himawari En 

2220 Imaizumi, Yoshiwara Shi 

Tel. 0402 

Rep. : Mr. Shunichi Tomaki 



Tel. 0402 

Hiroshima Seiko Gakuen 

1044 Koizumi-cho, Mihara Shi 

Tel. Koizumi 1 

Dir. : Mr. Shizuto Shimizu 

Work for the Handicapped 





Hiroyasu Aiji En 

73 Koga, Mashiki-machi, Kami 
Mashiki-gun, Kumamoto Ken 
Tel. 8-2015 

Dir.: Mr. Hideo Shigaki 



Hokkaido Hakodate Mo Gak- 

45 Taya-machi, Hakodate Shi 

Tel. 2-3220 

Rep. : Mr. Hidemasa Ichimaru 

Work for the Handicapped 



Tel. 8-2015 

Tel. 2-3220 

Horikawa Aisei En 

94 Marunouchi, Tanakura-ma- 

chi, Higashi-Shirakawa-gun, 

Fukushima Ken 

Tel. Tanakura 139 

Dir. : Mr. Masatsune Tani 




Tel. fflfl 139 


lesu no Tomo Rinpo Kan 

512 Shimochiba-cho, Katsu- 

shika-ku, Tokyo 

Dir. : Rev. Shintaro Nakayama 



Inmanuel lin 

1198, 1-chome, Honcho, Funa- 
bashi Shi 
Tel. 22-2561 

Tel. 22-2561 

Iwaki Fukuin Kyokai 

4 Saitsuchi Koji, Taira Shi 

Tel. 58 

Dir. : Ichiro Okochi 

Work for the Handicapped 


Tel. 58 

Jiai En Nyuji Home 

320 Kuwamizu-machi, Kuma- 

moto Shi 

Tel. 4-3509 

Rep. : Mr. Soichiro Shioya 

Baby Care 


Jiai Ryo 

359, 3-chome, Hyakunin-cho, 

Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 361-2578 

Dir. : Mr. Masaru Fukuda 

Work for Prostitutes 

Tel. 4-3509 


Tel. 361-2578 


Jido Home Wakaba Ryo 

Uenodai, Futayanagidai, Hanno 

Shi, Saitama Ken 

Dir. : Mr. Hidegoro Yoshii 

Work for the Handicapped 




Tel. 386 6491 

Jofu En 

1702, 4-chome, Egota, Nakano- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 368-6491 

Dir. : Rev. Saburo Kato 


4- 1702 

Kansai Koaei Kyokai Jusan- 

Yamato Oji, Higashi Iru, Uma- 

cho, Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto 


Tel. 6 1633 

Rep. : Mr. Asao Tomita 

Relief, Employment, Dormitory 

ftffi rtriK 1 1 1 K f 

Tel. 6 1633 

Keiwa En 

691 Imai-cho, Hodogaya-ku, 
Yokohama Shi 
Rep. : Mr. Naozo Maeda 
Work for the Handicapped 




Kinan Roto Gakuen 

1696 Uedahama, Nanbu-cho, 

Hitaka-gun, Wakayama Ken 

Tel, Nanbu 371 




Kirisutokyo Meed Shakai 

50, 1-chome, Minami dori, Moto 

Imasato, Higashi Yodogawa-ku, 

Osaka Shi 

Dir. : Chiaki Okamoto 



Kiriautokyo Meed Shakai Kan 

Address : same as above 

Tel. 301-4290 

Dir.: Hideko Miyata 


Tel. 301-4290 



Kiyose Seikokai Colony 

1052 Naka Kiyoto, Kiyose-ma 
chi, Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
Rep. : Mr. Yoshio Kudo 


Tel. 4-2070 

Kobe Airin Kan 

97 Kusudani-machi, Hyogo-ku, 

Kobe Shi 

Tel. 4-2070 

Dir. : Mrs. Mitsuko Miura 

Work for Delinquent Girls 


Kobe Fujin Ryo 

18, 3-chome, Yagami-cho, Suma- 

ku, Kobe Shi 

Tel. 7 3666 

Dir. : Mr. Haruo Nishibuchi 

Work for Prostitutes 


Kobe Jitsugyo Gakuin 

270 Higashi Fukuyama, Hirano 
Tennoji, Hyogo-ku, Kobe Shi 
Tel. 5 5629 

Tel. 7-3666 

Dir. : Mr. Mitsuo Kaneko 


Tel. 5-5629 

Kobe Kaiin Home 

385 Minatoyama-cho, Hyogo- 

ku, Kobe Shi 

Tel. 5-2105 

Dir. : Mr. Shinzo Kakumae 

Relief, Employment, Dormitory 


Kodomo no le 

1275 Naka Kiyoto, Kiyose-ma- 
chi, Kita-tama-gun, Tokyo 
Tel. Kiyose 24 
Dir. : Mr. Jun Kato 

Tel. 5-2105 


mm 24 

Konodai Boshi Home 

1, 1-chome, Konodai, Ichikawa 


Tel. 3-1473 



Tel. 3-1473 

Dir. : lyono Inatomi 
Widow s Home 


Koho Aiji En 

932 Ishiki, Hayama, Miura-gun, 

Kanagawa Ken 

Tel. Ishiki 268 

Dir. : Toshiko Takahashi 


fa 932 

Tel. (s 268 

Kuji Shakai Kan 

70-1, 5-chome, Kashiwazaki, 

Kuji Shi 

Dir. : Mr. Takeshi Yahaba 


5 TT1 70-1 

Kuji Shakai Kan Shinryojo 

Same as above 


Kujukuri Home Byoin 

21 likura, Yokaichiba Shi, Chi- 
ba Ken 

Tel. 103, 379 

Dir. : Dr. Takeshi Otani, M.D. 



Tel. 103, 379 

Kumamoto Light House 

2 Shinsei-machi, Kumamoto 


Tel. 8-2013 

Dir. : Tomi Kadowaki 

Work for the Handicapped 

(Deaf & Blind) 

Tel. 8-2013 

P JHfi b 5 

Kumamoto Me no Ginko 

320 Kuwamizu-cho, Kumamoto 


Tel. 4-3509 

Dir. : Mr. Soichiro Shioya 

Work for the Handicapped 

(Eye Bank) 


Tel. 4-3509 



Kusatsu Sei Barunaba Mis 

c/o Nihon Seikokai, Kita Kanto 


2 Irifune-machi, Tochigi Shi 

Tel. 1386 

Rep.: Rev. Naohiko Okubo 

Work for the Handicapped 

13 *H 
Tel. 1386 

Kyoto San In 

557 Seiwain-machi, Kami Cho- 

jya-machi-kudaru, Muromachi- 

dori, Kami-Kyo-ku, Kyoto Shi 

Tel. 44-0390 

Dir. : Mr. Yoshio Saeki 



Tel. 44-0390 

Kyusei Gun 

(Salvation Army) 


Kyusei Gun Aiko En 

1-chome, Aoyama-cho, Kure Shi 
Tel. 2-6374 
Dir. : Hisa Saito 

Tel. 2-6374 

Tel. 661-4405 

Kyusei Gun Asa no Hikari Ryo 

42, 1-chome, Matsuda-machi, 
Nishinari-ku, Osaka Shi 
Tel. 661-4405 
Dir. : Masami Kuwahara 
Work for Prostitutes 


Kyusei Gun Evangeline Hostel 

13 Honmura-cho, Ichigaya, Shin- 

juku-ku, Tokyo 

Dir. : Kimie Usui 

Relief, Employment, Dormitory 


Kyusei Gun Fujin Ryo 

1039 Wada Honcho, Suginarni- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 381-0992 

Dir. : Mr. Chuji Obinata 

Work for Prostitutes 


Tel. 381-0992 



Tel. 531-1033 

Kyusei Gun Jijo Kan 

1, 3-chome, Higashi Naka-dori, 
Tsukishima, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 531-1033 
Dir. : Mr. Toji Sugano 
Relief, Employment, Dormitory 


Kyusei Gun Shinsei Ryo 

96, 4-chome, Shibasaki-machi, 

Tachikawa Shi 

Tel. 2-2306 

Dir. : Mr. Taisuke Hiramoto 

Work for Prostitutes 


Kyusei Gun Joshi Gakusei 

1039 Wada Honcho, Suginami- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 381-9665 

Dir. : Haruka Akimoto 



Tel. 2-2306 

Tel. 381-9665 

Kyusei Gun Joshi Seinen Kan 

1, 2-chome, Misuji-cho, Taito- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 851-1079, 8490 

Dir. : Mr. Yasuzo Ishiide 

Relief, Employment, Dormitory 


Tel. 851-1079, 8490 

Kyusei Gun Kibo Kan 

3, 3-chome, Naka Hozumi, 

Ibaraki Shi, Osaka 

Tel. 3758 

Dir. : Mr. Yasuo Fukui 



Kyusei Gun Kieko Ryo 

51 Kami Ikegami, Ota-ku, 


Tel. 781 0357 

Dir. : Ayame Watanabe 


Tel. 3758 

ftliLi 51 

Tel. 781-0357 



Kyusei Gun Seko Ryo 

1040 Wada Honcho, Suginami- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 381 0545 
Dir. : Kazuko Kato 

Tel. 381-7236/8 

Tel. 381 0545 


Kyusei Gun Seishin Ryoyo En 

1197 Naka Kiyoto, Kiyose- Lebanon Home 

Kyusei Gun Suginami Ryoyojo 

875 Wada Honcho, Suginami- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 381-7236/8 

Dir. : Mr. Taro Nagasaki 



machi, Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
Tel. Kiyose 14, 241 
Dir. : Mr. Risaburo Sato 


Tel. Af$ 14, 241 


Kyusei Gun Shinko Kan 

87 Akagi Shita-machi, Shinjuku- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 268 8366 

Dir. : Mr. Yoshizo Soeda 

Relief, Employment, Dormitory 


Tel. 3145 

465-2, Oaza Ai, Ibaraki Shi, 

Osaka Fu 

Tel. 3145 

Dir. : Tokiko Shibata 



Maebashi Yoro In 

3 Higashi-cho, Maebashi Shi 
Tel. 2-3430 

Dir. : Mr. Kumazo Tanabe 
Old Age Home 


Tel. 268-8366 

Tel. 2-3430 



Tel. 2064 

Matsuyama Shinbo Ai no le 

251-1, Takasaki, Kumanodai, 

Matsuyama Shi 

Tel. 2-2064 

Dir. : Kiku Takahashi 



Megum i En 

276 Kami Tafuse-machi, Saga 


Dir. : Misa Kuribayashi 

Work for the Handicapped 



Mikaeri Oizumi Ryo 

145 Higashi Oizumi-machi, Neri- 

ma-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 991-8256 

Dir. : Kyoko Mochizuki 


Miss Apton Kinen Kan 

33 Odaya, Moroyama-cho, Iru- 
ma-gun, Saitama Ken 
Dir. : Mr. Seiichi Mori 
Old Age Home 


Mitadani Chiryo Kyoiku In 

3 Kusunoki-cho, Uchiide, Ashi- 

ya Shi 

Tel. 2-5026 

Dir. : Mr. Juro lijima 

Work for the Handicapped 


Tel. 991-8256 

Tel. 2-5026 

Musashino Kirisutokyo Shin- 

952, 3-chome, Kita-machi, Kichi- 

joji, Musashino Shi, Tokyo 

Tel. 22-8708 

Dir. : Mr. Kiyoshi Sugano 



Nagano Keiro In 

173 Furuno-machi, Kawachi- 

Nagano Shi 

Tel. 3960 

Rep. : Mr. Mataichi Tanaka 

Old Age Home 

Tel. 0422-2-8708 



Tel. 3960 


Naomi Home 

44, 2-chome, Tamagawa Todo- 
roki, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 701-3481, 9813 
Dir. : Fumiko Takizawa 
Widow s Home 

2 44 

Nazare En 

361 Nakazato, Urizura-machi, 

Naka-gun, Ibaragi Ken 

Tel. Urizura 77 

Dir. : Mr. Seiichi Kikuchi 

Old Age Home 


3sfC#$ Hi m S LXHi M I ^ 
Tel. 701-3481, 9813 



Nippon Baputesuto Byoin 

47 Yamanomoto-machi, Kita 

Shirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

Tel. 78-5191 

Dir. : Dr. C. F. Clarke, M. D. 


Tel. 78-5191 
C. F. 9 7 - 9 


Nippon Jido Ikusei En 

11, 1-chome, Nagara Mori-ma- 

chi, Gifu Shi 

Tel. 2-1387 

Rep. : Mr. Shigeo Asakura 



Tel. 2-1387 

m uifi^t 

Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan 

6, 1-chome, Nishiki-cho, Kanda, 

Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 291-2302 

Dir. : Mr. Takejiro Horiuchi 


Tel. 291-2302 


Nippon Light House 

12, Naka 2-chome, Imatsu, Jo- 

to-ku, Osaka Shi 

Tel. 98-5521/2 

Dir. : Mr. Hideyuki Iwahashi 

Work for the Handicapped 



h ^** 



Tel. 98-5521/2 

Nippon Rowa Gakko 

457, 2-chome, Kamikitazawa, 

Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 321-0540 

Prin. : Mr. Isao Oshima 

Work for the Handicapped 



Tel. 321 0540 


Nippon Tenji Toshyokan 

212 Suwa-cho, Shinjuku-ku, 


Tel. 361-3661 

Dir. : Mr. Kazuo Honma 

Work for the Handicapped 

(Library for the Blind) 


Nozomi no le 

748, 5-chome, Sakai Minami- 

cho, Musashino Shi, Tokyo 

Tel. 0422 3 2224 

Dir.: Dr. Hugh Moreton 


Tel. 361-3661 

Tel. 0422-3-2224 

k. ^ - -t - h > 

Tel. 321-4794 


Nozomi no Mon 

329, 5-chome, Eifuku-cho, Sugi- 

nami-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 321-4794 

Work for Prostitutes 


Numazu Midoricho Byoin 

898-1, Honaza Shimo, Icchoda, 

Numazu Shi 

Tel. 2 0932 

Dir. : Dr. Kimiyo Toyoura, M.D. 


TUl 898-1 

Omi Airin En 

87 Minami Shinpo, Imatsu- 

machi, Takashima-gun, Shiga 


Tel. Imatsu 2238 

Dir. : Mr. Toyoji Sugihashi 


Tel. 2-0932 



Tel. HI* 2238 

Tel. 3181 


Omi Sanatorium 

492 Kitanosho-machi, Omi- 

hachiman Shi 

Tel. 3181 

Dir. : Mr. Seiji Kurimoto 



Onshi Kinen Midori En 

2220 Imaizumi, Yoshiwara Shi 
Tel. 0402 

Rep.: Mr. Shunichi Tomaki 
Baby Care 


Otakebashi Byoin 

53 Sakuragi-cho, Senju, Adachi- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 881-6329 

Dir. : Mr. Matsuyoshi Tsuka- 



Tel. 3-5056 

Palmore Byoin 

20, 4-chome, Kita Nagasa-dori, 

Ikuta-ku, Kobe Shi 

Tel. 3-5056 

Dir. : Dr. Ken Miyake, M. D. 



Safuran Chiryojo 

154, 3-chome, Omiyamae, Sugi 

nami-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 391-2371 

Dir. : Mr. Tomino Takada 

Work for the Handicapped 



Samaria Shakai Jigyo Dan 

153 5, Miyazaki, Kawasaki Shi 
Tel. Kawasaki 2081 
Dir. : Namiko Tamura 
Relief, Employment, Dormitory 

Tel. 391-2371 



Tel 881-6329 



Samaria Shinryojo 

967, 8-chome, Kami Meguro, 
Meguro-ku, Tokyo 
Dir. : Fumio Utsnomiya 


Sanbi Kai Shinryojo 

215 Mondo-cho, Hiroshima Shi 

Tel. 31-4449 

Dir. : Asaro Yamagishi 



Sanko Juku 

14, 1-chome, Naruo-cho, Nishino- 

miya Shi 

Dir. : Yuji Kawagaki 


Tel. 31-4449 

Sapporo Ikuji En 

Nishi 1-13, Minami 


Tel. 2-1393 

Dir. : Kenichi Amano 


10 Jo 

Tel. 2 




Sei Hiruda Yoro In 

8, 3-chome, Miyoshi-cho, Fuchu 

Shi, Tokyo 

Tel. 4461 

Dir. : Taeko Arai 

Old Age Home 


Seisei Kan 

2, 2-chome, Aza Otsuka, Oube, 
Kawanishi Shi, Hyogo Ken 
Tel. Ikeda 5-2236, 2993 
Dir. : Keisei Miyake 
Widow s Home 

Tel. 4461 


Tel. Mill I 5-2236, 2993 

Seishonen Seishin Eisei 

603, 2-chome, Kamikitazawa, 

Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 322-2593 

Dir. : Nobuyoshi Kitagawa, 


Work for the Handicapped 




Tel. 322-2593 

Seiwa So 

35 Kagano Harukiba, Morioka 


Tel. 2-3947 

Rep. : Kiichi Obara 

Old Age Home 


Tel. 2-3947 

Sei Yakobu Shinryojo 
(St. Joseph) 

1338 Kami Chiba, Katsushika- 
ku, Tokyo 
Tel.: 601 0679 
Dir. : Mie Yamaguchi 

Tel. 601-0679 
KJtt. Jttil 

Sei Yohane Gakuen 
(St. John) 

309 Hattori, Takatsuki Shi 
Tel. 5-0541 
Dir. : Akira Ito 


Tel. 5-0541 

Seiyu Home 

250, 3-chome, Asagaya, Sugi- 

nami-ku, Toko 

Tel. 391-1844 

Rep. : Keiko Asatsugi 

Orphanage, Widow s Home 


Tel. 391-1844 

Seiyu Home Fujin Ryo 

Address, Tel. ; same as above 
Work for Prostitutes 

Seiyu Shinryojo 

Address, Tel. ; same as above 
Dir. : Mitsuko Asatsugi 



Setagaya Neighborhood 

Kita 8-2, 1-chome, Shimouma- 

cho, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 421-4016 

Dir. : Kimi Nunokawa 


- -7 -j K 




Tel. 421-4016 

Shibuya Shinryojo 

23, 1-chome, Shoto-cho, Shibu- 

ya-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 467-8960 

Rep. : Dr. K. F. Eitel 



Shin Ai Byoin 

1645 Nobidome, Kiyose-machi, 

Kita-tama-gun, Tokyo 

Tel. 9-2674 

Dir. : Yukimasa Ichikawa 


Tel. 467-8960 
K. F. -7^7- 


Tel. 9-2674 

ifjJII fTlE 

Dir. : Michiko Okabe 
Widow s Home 

Tel. 84-5761 

Shin Ai So 

687 Shimo Nagafuchi, Oume 


Tel. Oume 2283 

Old Age Home 


Shinsei Kai 


Rojin Home Keisen En 

765 Kami Mrota, Haruna- 
machi, Gunma-gun, Gunma Ken 
Tel. 119, 255 
Dir. : Masao Hara 
Old Age Home 


Tel. 119, 255 

Shin Ai Hoiku En Boshi no Haruna Shunko En 

le Kibo Ryo 

Nishi In Machi, Higure Nishi-iri- 
agaru, Maruta-machi, Kami- 
kyo-ku, Kyoto Shi 
Tel. 84-5761 

2254 Naka Murota, Haruna- 
machi, Gunma-gun, Gunma Ken 
Tel. Murota 119, 255 
Dir. : Hideko Nojima 
Old Age Home 





Shinsei Ryoyojo 

Kofuse-machi, Kami Takai-gun, 
Nagano Ken 
Tel. Kofuse 33 


Shinwa Gakuen 

607 Manda, Hiratsuka Shi 

Tel. 6-1489 

Dir. Akira Idenawa 

Work for the Handicapped 


Tel. 6-1489 


Shion En 

Chuo-ku, Arao Shi 

Tel. 428 

Dir. : Tomohisa Yoda 


Tel. 428 

Shirakawa Gakuen 

1 Takemine-cho, Kita-ku, Kyoto 


Tel. 44-3608 

Dir. : Tetsugoro Yamamoto 

Work for the Handicapped 


Tel. 44-3608 

Hinadori Gakuen 

Address, Tel. ; same as above 
Dir. : Sachiko Ukita 
Work for the Handicapped 

Shirokaneyama Byoin 

6073 Otoshima, Tamashima Shi, 

Okayama Ken 

Tel.- 2848 

Dir. : Tamotsu Fujii 



Shunko Gakuen 

580 Koyabe-cho, Yokosuka Shi 

Tel. 5-2362 

Dir. : Chotaro Tetsuya 


Tel. 2848 


Tel. 5-2362 


Sei Barunaba Byoin 
(St. Barunabas) 
66 Saikudani-cho, Tennoji-ku, 
Osaka Shi 
Tel. 771 9236 
Dir. : Hirozo Yamamura 


St. Luke s Kokusai Byoin 
Iryo Shakaijigyo Bu 

53 Akashi-cho, Chuoku, Tokyo 

Tel. 541 5151 

Dir. : Masumi Yoshida 


Tel. 771-9236 

Tel. 541-5151 


Sei Luka Shinryojo 

(St. Luke) 

3545 Kashiyama, Takane-machi, 

Kita Koma-gun, Yamanashi 


Tel. Kiyosato 14 

Dir. : Takao Takei 


Tel. rTr S 14 

St. Margaret House 

289 Jizo, Fukatsu-machi, Azuma 

gun, Gunma Ken 

Tel. 71 

Dir. : Aiko Ogasawara 

Work for the Handicapped 

S?-r-#l ? hfiR 


Tel. 71 

Tel. 2-4371 

St. Mary s Clinic 

1273, 4-chome, Yahata-machi, 

Ichikawa Shi 

Tel. 2-4371 

Dir. : Hironoshin Matsumoto 



St. Paul House 

5 [Shimo Igusa, Suginami-ku, 


Tel. 339 8085 

Dir. : Naoko Hara 

Leisure Guidance, Cultural 

Education for Parents 



Tel. 399 8085 

Takinogawa Gakuen 

6312 Yaho, Kunitachi-machi, 

Kita Tama-gun, Tokyo 

Tel. 7 0035 

Dir. : Hikimaro Takagi 

Work for the Handicapped 


^i% 6312 

Toko Gakuen 

2028 Doto-cho, Sakai Shi, Osaka 
Tel. Tomioka 7-0008 
Dir. : Kinichiro Ito 

>mY\ % 

WfiJtttlDr 2028 
Tel. tJ^li: 7-0008 
fj$& IB 

Tel. 7-0035 

Tanzawa Home 

5172 Tanzawa, Kiyokawa-mura, 
Aiko-gun, Kanagaga Ken 
Dir. : Yoshio Nakamura 

Tobata Baputesuto Rinko Sha 

2 Meiji-cho, Tobata-ku, Kita 

Kyushu Shi 

Tel. 87-3254 

Dir. : Yoshiyuki Hashimoto 

Neighborhood, Employment 

Tel. 87-3254 

Tokyo Eisei Byoin 

171, 1-chome, Amanuma, Sugi- 

nami-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 391-5161/5 

Mgr. : R. W. Burchard 




Tel. 391-5161/5 
R. W. ^-f-^ 

Tokyo Eisei Byoin Harajuku 

164, 3-chome, Onden, Shibuya- 

ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 401-1282 

Mgr. : R. W. Burchard 




Tel. 2 2340 

Tokyo Hikari no le 

12 Hirayama, Hino-machi, 

Minami Tama-gun, Tokyo 

Tel. 2 2340 

Dir. : Umekichi Akimoto 

Work for the Handicapped 



Tokyo Ikusei En 

754, 1-chome, Kamiuma-cho, 

Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 421 0041 

Dir. : Shigeo Hasegawa 


i -754 

Tokyo Ro Gigei Gakuen 

16, 1-chome, Kana-machi, Katsu- 

shika-ku, Tokyo 

Dir. : Kazuko Takayanagi 

Work for the Handicapped 


^ tffiB itt m <t 

Tel. 421 0041 

Tokyo Kojin Home 

168 Shinden, Oaza Kamihoya, 
Hoya-machi, Kita Tama-gun, 

Tel. 61-2230 

Dir. : Chima Matsunaga 

Old Age Home 

Hfm 168 
Tel. 61-2230 

Tokyo Showa Gakuen 

48 Mukaiyama-cho, Shibuya-ku, 


Dir. : Teizo Yamauchi 

Work for the Handicapped 



Tokyo Tenji Shuppanjo 

276 Shim Renjaku, Mitaka Shi, 


Rep. : Kiichi Higo 

Work for the Handicapped 

(Publishing for the Blind) 



Tokyo YMCA Imushitsu 

7 Mitoshiro-cho, Kanda, Chiyo- 

da-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 231-2101 

Rev. : Mosaburo Kimoto 



.jiv; Y.M.C.A. | i 
jfca-ap RWH 

Tel. 231-2101 


Tel. 3725 

Tomeage Gakuen 

Nishi 1014, Kita Tsuda-machi, 

Omiyawata Shi 

Tel. 3725 

Dir. : Tatsuu Fukui 

Work for the Handicapped 



Tomo to Naru Kai Ai no le 

279, 1-chome, Kutsuya, Shizu- 

oka Shi 

Tel. 53-3241 

Rep. : Juzo lino 

Work for the Handicapped 


Tel. 53-3241 

Tsuda Kodomo no le 

Tsuda, Saeki-machi, Saeki-gun, 
Hiroshima Ken 
Tel. Tomowa 0364 
Dir. : Susumu lida 



Unchu Sha 

Hyuga So 

688, 5-chome, Nukii Kita-machi, 

Koganei Shi, Tokyo 

Tel. 2-0937 

Dir. : Kokichi Omori 

Relief, Employment, Dormitory 


Yamato Ryo 

Shinkura, Yamamoto-cho, Kita 
Adachi-gun, Saitama Ken 
Rep. : Haru Kagawa 
Relief, Employment, Dormitory 

Tel. 2-0937 

Wasedo Shinryojo 

51, 2-chome, Totsuka-cho, Shin- 

juku-ku, Tokyo 

Dir. : Masatada Tanabe 





Yahata Gakuen 

492, 3-chome, Kitakata-machi, 

Ichikawa Shi 

Tel. 2 3763 

Dir. : Mitsuhisa Kubodera 

Work for the Handicapped 




Tel. 2 3763 

Tel. 371-7251 

Yodogawa Kirisuto Kyo 

57, 1-chome, Awaji Honcho, 

Higashi-Yodogawa-ku, Osaka 

Tel. 371-7251 

Dir. : Hiroshi Yasunaga 




Yokohama Seamen s Mission 

194 3, Yamashita-dori, Naka- 

ku, Yokohama Shi 

Tel. 68-3792 

Rep. : E. W. Kaierson 

Relief, Employment, Dormitory 

We- -y s v x $ -j *y 3 v 
fMrifj^KiUTii 194-3 

Tel. 63-3792 
E. W. ^ -v y v 

Yokufu En 

848, 3-chome, Kamitakaido, 

Suginami-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 391 0165, 9152 
Dir. : Keima Shimomatsu 
Old Age Home 


Tel. 391-0165, 9152 

Kokko Home 

All same as above 

Matsuka/.e Home 
All same BS above 

Yokufu Ee Byoin 

848, 3-chome, Kamitakaido, 

Suginami-ku, Tokyo 

Tel. 391-0165, 9152, 893-6170 

Dir. : Fujiro Amako 


Tel. 391-0165, 9152. 893-6170 

Yuai Ryo 

188 Kinuta-machi, Setagaya-ku, 


Tel. 416-1745 

Dir. : Kenzo Mikaya 

Relief, Employment, Dormitory 



Tel. 416-1745 

Yu Ai Sha 

141, 1-chome, Shimouma-cho, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Tel. 421-7320 

Rep. : Ryotaro Iso 
Work for the Delinquent Boys 
& Girls, Work for the Han 


Tel. 421-7320 


The figure in brackets is the total number of missionaries assigned 
to the Japan field ; the name in brackets is the church or organiza 
tion with which it is affiliated in Japan. 

AAM American Advent Missianary Society (12) 

Superintendent: Rev. N. Brawn, 34, 4-chome, Bakuro- 

cho, Yonago-shi, Tottori-ken. 
Home Office : American Advent Mission Society, 1339 

St. Julian St., Charlotte, N. C., 28205, U. S. A. 
Rev. Joseph A. Baucom, Executive Secretary 

ABFMS American Baptist Foreign Mission Society (38) 

(Nihon Baputesto Domei) 
Field Repr.: Rev. Noah Brannen, 2, 1-chome, Misaki- 

cho, Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo. 

(291-3115, 201 0993) 
Home Office: American Baptist Foreign Mission 

Societies, Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. 
Dr. Edward B. Willingham, General Secretary 

ABWE Association of Baptists for World Evangelism (15) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Vernon Chandler, C. P. O. Box 393, 
Kobe or 11, Nakajima Dori, 3-chome, Fukiai-ku, 
Kobe. (22 0537) 

Home Office: Association of Baptists for World 
Evangelism, 1505 Race Street, Philadelphia, 2, 
Penna., U. S. A 

ACC The Apostolic Christian Church of America (4) 

Field Repr. : Mr. Willis R. Ehnle, 1384 Kaneko-machi, 

Chofu-shi, Tokyo. (0424 82 4344) 
Home Office: The Apostolic Christian Church of 

America 2925 Sunnyside Ave., Burlington, Iowa, 

U. S. A. 
Mr. Noah Schrock, Elder 


ACF The Aizu Christian Fellowship in Japan (4) 

Field Rcpr. : Miss Kathleen Morris, 33 Daizenbara, 

Tomioka-machi, Futaba-gun, Fukushima-ken. 
Home Office: 18 Frensham Road, New Eltham, 

London S. E. 9, England. 
Kepr. : Miss Hilda Kingsford 

ACPC Apostolic Church of Pentecost of Canada (9) 

(Nippon Pentecost Fukuin Kyodan) 

Field Repr.: D. G. Wallace, Unuma, Kagamihara-shi, 

Home Office: 1612 Adelaide St. E., Saskatoon, Sask., 

Repr. : Rev. F. A. Assman 

AFSC American Friends Service Committee (2) 

Dir. : Mr. Norman Wilson 

95, Shimo-osaki, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo. (441-5903) 

AG General Council of the Assemblies of God (32) 

(Nippon Assemblies of God Kyodan) 
Field Repr. : Robert A. Hymes, 430-1, 3-chome, Koma- 
gome, Toshima-ku, Tokyo. (982-1551) 

AGM Amazing Grace Mission (4) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Clyde Pickett, Dogukoji, Takanabe- 
cho, Miyazaki-ken. 

Home Office: Amazing Grace Missions, 600 Rich 
mond Ave., San Antonio, Texas 78215, U. S. A. 

Director: Rev. R. E. White 

ALC The American Lutheran Church Japan Mission (79) 

(Nippon Fukuin Ruteru Kyokai) 

Field Rcpr. : Rev. Morris Sorenson, 72 Hayashi-cho, 
Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo. (941-0835) 

Home Office: Division of World Missions of the 
American Lutheran Church, 422 South 5th St., 
Minneapolis 15, Minnesota, U. S. A. 


BBP Japan Baptist Bible Fellowship (21) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Lavern F. Rogers, 11 of 3, 1- 

chome, Matsunami-cho, Chiba-shi. (0472-51-2929) 

BDM Baptist Direct Mission (2) 

(Fukuin Baptist Kyokai) 

Field Repr.: John R. Blalock, 55 Mameguchidai, 
Naka-ku, Yokohama-shi. 

BGC Baptist General Conference, Japan Mission (21) 

(Nippon Kirisuto Baputesto Rengo Senkyodan) 
Field Repr.: Rev. Francis B. Sorley, 832-1, Yoshi- 

hara, Mihama-cho, Hidaka-gun, Wakayama-ken. 

(Gobo 2134) 
Home Office : Baptist General Conference, 5750 North 

Ashland Ave., Chicago, Illinois 60626, U. S. A. 
Exec. Sec: Rev. Franklin O. Nelson 

BIC Brethren in Christ Mission (8) 

(Kirisutokyo Kyodai Dan Dendokai) 

Field Repr.: Mr. John W. Graybill, 228 Nukui 

Minami-machi, 4-chome, Koganei-shi, Tokyo. 
Home Office: Box 171, Elizabeth Town, Penn., U.S.A. 
Exec. Sec.: Henry N. Hostetter 

BIM Bible Institute Mission of Japan, Inc. (2) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Earl F. Tygert, 2163 Karuizawa, 
Kita-saku-Gun, Nagano-ken. (2302) 

Home office: 5622 Corson Ave. S., Seattle, Washing 
ton, U. S. A. 

President: Mr. Axel Fredeen 

BMA Baptist Missionary Association of Japan (2) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Z. T. Rankin, 1405, 2-chome, 

Hachioji-shi, Tokyo. 
Home Office: Baptist Missionary Association, 716 

Main St., Little Rock, Ark., U. S. A. 
Rev. W. J. Burgess 










Baptist Mid-Missions in Japan (12) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Ray Creer, 21 Bancho, Shiroishi- 

shi, Miyagi-ken. 
Home Office: Baptist Mid-Missions, 1740 East 12th 

St., Cleveland, Ohio, U. S. A. 
President: Dr. Allan Lewis 

Bible Protestant Missions (4) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Dale Oxley, 1033 Shiromoto-machi, 

Hitoyoshi-shi, Kumamoto-ken. 

Community Baptist Church Mission (2) 

Field Repr.: Rev. E. Martin, Unoki 3147, Irumagawa, 

Sayama-shi, Saitama-ken. 

Conservative Baptist Foreign Mission Society (41) 

(Japan Conservative Baptist Mission) 

Field Chairman: Rev. Frank Holecek, Wakamiya- 

cho, Kitami-shi, Iwate-ken. 

Home Office : P. O. Box 5, Wheaton, Illinois, U. S. A. 
Foreign Secretary: Dr. Edwin L. Jacques 

Christ s Bible Mission (2) 

Field Repr.: Rev. John R. Terry, Bible Chapel, 811 

Asahi-cho, Sakurai-shi, Nara-ken. 
Home Office: 6023 Dutton Place, New Fane, New 

York, U.S.A. 
Dir. : Rev. Richard Boytim 

Church of Christ (17) 

(Kirisuto no Kyokai) 

Field Repr. : Mr. Elmer Prout, c/o Ibaragi Christian 

College, Omika, Hitachi-shi, Ibaragi-ken. 

(Kujihama 2215) 

Christian Catholic Church (2) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Clark B. Offner, 4, 3-chome, Tsuki- 
gaoka, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya-shi. 

Child Care, Inc. (2) 

Field Repr. : Mr. Paul W. Benedict, P. O. Box 222, 
Baldwin, U.S.A. 


CEF Japan Child Evangelism Fellowship, Inc. (7) 

(Nihon Jido Dendo Fukuin Kyokai) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Kenneth N. Attaway, 1599 Higashi- 

kubo, Kamiarai, Tokorozawa-shi, Saitama-ken. 


CG Church of God, Missionary Board (7) 

(Kami no Kyokai) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Arthur Eikamp, 161-2 Nishi-machi, 

Mondo, Nishinomiya-shi, Hyogo-ken. 

Home Office: Foreign Missionary Board of the 

Church of God, 1303 East Fifth St., Anderson, 

Indiana, U.S.A. 
Exec. Sec. : Dr. Lester A. Crose 

CJPM Central Japan Pioneer Mission (6) 

(Chuo Nihon Fukuin Senkyodan) 

Field Repr.: Miss D. M. McKay, 56 Nanatsu Ike, 

Koriyama-shi Fukushima-ken. 

CLC Christian Literature Crusade (9) 

(Christian Bunsho Dendo Dan) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Robert Gerry, 2, 1-3 Surugadai, 

Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo. (291-1775) 
Home Office: CLC. Box 356, Ft. Washington, Penn., 

19034 U. S. A. (Mr. Kenneth Adams) 

CMA Christian and Missionary Alliance Japan Mission 


Field Repr.: Rev. A. Paul McGarvey, Naka P.O. 
Box 70, Hiroshima-shi. (Itsukaichi 2-0589) 

CMC Christian Music Association Center (1) 

Dir.: Miss Betty Hudson, 2280 Shinohara-cho, Ko- 

hoku-ku, Yokohama-shi. 
Home Office: Route 1 Box 349, Croton-on-Hudson, 

N. Y., U. S. A, 


CMS Church Missionary Society (11) 

(Nippon Seiko Kai) 
Field Repr. : Rev. Canon Raymond J. Hammer, Ph. D., 

c/ o Central Theological College, 8 Tamagawa Naka- 

machi 2-chome, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo. (701-0575/6) 
Home Office: 6 Salisburg Square, London, E.G. 4, 


General Sec.: Rev. Canon J. V. Taylor 

CMSJ Covenant Missionary Society of Japan (22) 

(Nippon Covenant Senkyokai) 
Field Repr.: Leonard M. Peterson, 2134 Kaizawa- 

Machi, Takasaki-shi, Gunma-Ken. (3-3531) 
Home Office: Evangelical Covenant Church of 

America, World Mission Dept., 5101 N. Francisco 

Ave., Chicago 25, Illinois, U. S. A. 
Dir. of East Asia Mission : Rev. Russell A. Cervin 
CN Church of the Nazarene, Japan Mission (15) 

(Nippon Nazarene Kyodan) 
Field Repr.: Rev. Bartlett P. McKay, 826 Kaizuka- 

cho, Chiba-shi. (0472-2-1226) 

CnC Christian Churches (46) 

(Kirisuto no Kyokai) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Harold R. Sims, 1-52 Arai-machi, 
Nakano-ku, Tokyo. (386-5171) 

CoG Church of God (Independent Holiness) (3) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Raymond Shelhorn, 4-21, Naka 
Saiwai-cho, Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa-ken. 

Home Office: 8373 N. Broadway, St. Louis, Mo., 
63147, U.S.A. 

Sec. : Lawrence W. Conway 
CPC Cumberland Presbyterian Church (4) 

(Kambarando Choro Kyokai) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Tolbert Dill, 3366-3, Minami 
Rinkan, Yamato-shi, Kanagawa-ken. 

Home Office : The Board of Foreign Missions, Cum 
berland Presbyterian Church, P. O. Box 4746, Mem 
phis, Tenn. 38104, U.S.A. 

Executive Sec. : Rev. O. T. Arnett 


CRJM Christian Reformed Japan Mission (17) 

(Nippon Kirisuto Kaikakuha Kyokai) 
Field Repr.: Rev. Henry Bruinooge, 30-10, 1-chome 

Egota, Nakano-ku, Tokyo. (951-6653) 
Home Office: Christian Reformed Board of Foreign 

Missions, 2850 Kalamazoo Ave., S. E., Grand Rapids, 

Michigan 49503, U. S. A. 
Executive Sec. : Rev. Henry Evenhouse 

DMS Danish Missionary Society (2) 

(Nihon Fukuin Ruteru Kyokai) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Frode Leth-Larsen, 8- 11, 1-chome, 

Kasuga-cho, Chiba-shi. (412708) 
Home Office: D. M. S., Strandagervej 24, Hellerup, 

President: Rev. C. Rendtorff 

ECC The Evangelical Church of Christ (11) 

(Nippon Kirisuto Senkyo Dan) 
Field Repr. : Rev. Lars Jansson, 35 Toyoura, Kuroiso- 

machi, Tochigi-ken. (Kuroiso 669) 
Home Office: Swedish Holiness Mission, Stations- 

gatan 18, Box 7, Kumla, Sweden. 
/>>.: Rev. Harold Norburg 

EFCM Evangelical Free Church Mission of Japan (15) 

(Fukuin Jiyu Kyokai) 
Field Repr. : Rev. Stanley Conrad, 33-2 Higashi Ono- 

cho, Koyama, Kita-ku, Kyoto-shi. (45-4961) 
Home Office: 1515 E. 66th St., Minneapolis 23, 

Minn., U.S.A. 

Sec.: Rev. Lester P. Westlund 
EUB The Evangelical United Brethren Church, Division 

of World Mission (19) 

(Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan) 
Member of the Interboard Committee for Christian 

Work in Japan. 
Field Repr.: Mrs. George Theuer, 850 31 Senriyama- 

shi, Osaka-fu. (381 4297) 
Home Office: Room 210, 601 W. Riverview Ave., 

Dayton, Ohio 45406, U. S. A. 
Sec.: Dr. Edwin O. Fisher, Jr. 


FCM Free Christian Mission (17) 

(Jiyu Christian Dendodan) 
Field Repr. : Rev. Oddvar Tegnander, 1012 Tawara- 

machi, Fukui-shi. (Fukui 2-6315) 

FEAM Far East Apostolic Mission, Inc. (4) 

(Nippon Pentecoste Kyokai) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Leonard W. Coote, Ikoma, Nara- 
ken. (Ikoma 3821) 

FEBC Far East Broadcasting Company (2) 

(Kyokuto Hoso) 

Field Repr. : Mr. David Wilkinson, C. P. O. Box 1055, 

Tokyo. Office (291-0365) Home (701-8763) 
Home Office: Box 1, Whittier, Calif., U.S.A. 
President: Robert Bowman 

FEGC Far Eastern Gospel Crusade (74) 

(Kyokuto Fukuin Jujigun) 

Field Chairman : Rev. Roland Friesen, 111 Hakuraku, 
Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama-shi. (49-9017) 

Home Office: 14625 Greenfield Road, Detroit, Michi 
gan 48227, U. S. A. 

Executive Sec. : Rev. Philip E. Armstrong 

FFFM Finnish Free Foreign Mission (7) 

(Kirisuto Fukuin Kyokai Rengo) 
Field Repr.: Mr. Jukka Rokka, 101 Kamihate-cho, 
Kitashirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto. 

FKK Fukuin Koyu Kai (8) 

(Japan Gospel Fellowship) 

Field Repr.: Miss Esther S. Bower, 63-1, Showa-cho, 

Hamadera, Sakai-shi, Osaka-fu. (Sakai 6-0019) 
Home Office: The Pilgrim Fellowship, Inc., 1201 

Chestnut St., Phila., Pa. 19107, U. S. A. 
Dir.: Dr. E. Schuyler English 

FWBM Japan Free Will Baptist Mission (6) 

(Fukuin Baputesto Kyodan) 

Field \Repr. : Mr. Wesley Calvery, Mitsuhashi 70- 
Bihoro-cho, Hokkaido. (Bihoro 2291) 



GAM German Alliance Mission (15) 

(Domei Fukuin Kirisuto Kyokai) 

Field Repr. : Mr. Walter Werner 22-2, 2-chome, Nishi- 
machi, Kagiya, Gifu-shi. 

Home Office: Allianz-Mission-Barmen Wuppertal- 
Barmen, Gronau Str. 87, West Germany 

Dir.: Mr. Hans Flick 
GCMM General Conference Mennonite Mission (26) 

(Kyushu Menonaito Kyodan) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Peter Derksen, 10853 Kamizaki, 
Hyuga-shi, Miyazaki-ken. (3871) 

Home Office: Board of Missions, The General Con 
ference Mennonite Church, 722 Main St., Newton, 
Kansas, U. S. A. 

Executive Sec.: Rev. Andrew R. Shelly 

GEAM German East-Asia Mission (3) 

(Doitsu Toa Dendokai) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Harald Oehler, 20, 2-chome, Tomi- 

zaka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo. (811-2921) 

GFA Japan Gospel Fellowship Association (8) 

(Kyurei Dendo Tai) 
Field Repr. : Mr. Gerald Johnson, 64 Midorigaoka, 

Honmoku, Naka-ku, Yokohama-shi. (64 8812) 

GMM German Midnight Mission (5) 

(Nihon Kirisutokyo Kyogikai : National Christian 

Council of Japan) 

Field Repr.: Miss Dora Mundinger, c/o Nozomi no 
Mon Gakuen, 1436 Futtsu-machi, Kimitsu-gun, Chiba- 

Branch Office in Tokyo: Ruth Hetcamp, 329-5, Ei- 

fuku-cho, Suginami-ku, Tokyo. (321-4794) 
Home Office: Mission Der Frauen und Madchenbi- 

belkreise Bad Salzuflen 1 Lippe (MBK) Hermann 

Lonsstrasse 14 Germany. 
Acting Chairman: Miss Alexandrine Schmidt 

GYF Go-Ye-Fellowship (1) 

Field Repr.: Mrs. Feme Borman, Furlough 


HFD Oakland Evangelistic Association (2) 

(Hokkaido Fukuin Dendo Kai) 

Field Repr. : Rev. R. E. McNaughton, 7-10, Hon-cho 
Hakodate-shi, Hokkaido. (2-8883) 

HEF High School Evangelism Fellowship, Inc. (4) 

Field Repr. : Mr. Kenneth W. Clark, Shibuya P. O. 
Box 58, Tokyo. (401 5072) 

IBC Interboard Committee For Christian Work in Japan 

(Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan) (377) 

Secretary : Miss Marjorie Tunbridge, Protestant Chris 
tian Center, 2, Ginza 4-chome, Chuo-ku, Tokyo. 
(561-6757, 6947, 6966) 

Home Office: Japan Interboard Committee, Room 
1845, The Interchurch Center, 475 Riverside Drive, 
New York, N. Y., 10027, U. S. A. 

Secretary : Reverend John C. deMaagd 

IBPFM Independent Board for Presbyterian Foreign Missions 

(Seisho Choro Kyokai) (2) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Malcolm Frehn, Kita 18 jo, Higashi 
1-chome, Sapporo-shi. 

IFG International Church of the Foursquare Gospel (7) 

(Kokusai Fosukuea Kyodan Oizumi Fukuin Kyokai) 
Field Repr.: Rev. David Masui, 834 Nishi Oizumi, 
Nerima-ku, Tokyo. 

IGL Internationpl Gospel League, Japan Mission (4) 

Field Repr.: Dr. Janet R. Kiel, 93 Uyama, Sumoto- 

shi, Hyogo-ken. (1028) 

Home Office: Box 519 Pasadena, Calif., U.S.A. 
Repr.: Rev. Howard Leurs 

IMM International Mission to Miners (2) 

Field Repr.: Mr. E. Zollinger, 18-5, Wakaba-cho, 
Yubari-shi, Hokkaido. 

INO Independent 


IUGM International Union of Gospel Mission, Inc. (2) 

(Tokyo Fukuin Kyodan, Nozomi no le) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Hugh Moreton, Ph. D, 748, 5-chome, 

Kyonan-cho, Musashino-shi, Tokyo. 

(Musashino 3-2224) 

JCG Japan Church of God (4) 

(Nippon Church of God Kyokai) 

Field Repr. : Rev. L. E. Heil, 3412 Shimokawai-machi, 

Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama-shi. (Kawai 206) 
Home Office: 1080 Montgomery Ave., Cleveland, 

Tennessee, U. S. A. 
Missions Sec. : L. H. Aultman 

.1 I.I; Japan Evangelistic Hand (23) 

(Nihon Dendo Tai) 
Field Repr.: Mr. William Bee, 11, 5-chome, Shiomi- 

dai-cho, Suma-ku, Kobe-shi. (7-5651) 
Home Office: 26 Woodside Park Road, London, N. 

12, England. 

Chairman: Mr. B. Godfrey Buxton 

JEM Japan Evangelical Mission (32 & 2 associates) 

(Nihon Dendo Mission) 
Field Director: Mr. William Friesen, 3, 4-chome 

Shimonakajima, Nagaoka-shi, Niigata-ken. (4229) 
Home Office: Box 640, Three Hills, Alberta, Canada. 
General Secretary: Mr. Murray L. Dawson 

JEMS Japan Evangelical Missionary Society (2) 

Rev. & Mrs. Akira Hatori, C. P. O. Box 1000, Tokyo. 

Home Office: Japanese Evangelical Missionary So 
ciety, 1096 N. Western Ave., Los Angeles 29, Calif., 
U. S. A. 

Executive Sec. : Rev. Paul Nagano 
JFM Japan Free Methodist Mission (11) 

(Nihon Jiyu Mesojisuto Kyodan) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Norman Overland, 850, 1-chome, 
Okubo-cho, Hitachi-shi, Ibaragi-ken. 

Home Office: Winona Lake, Indiana, U.S.A. 

Dr. Byron Lamson 


JGL J a P an Gos P el teague 

Field Repr.: Rev. Edward G. Hanson, 56 Koyama 

Itakura-cho, Kita-ku, Kyoto-shi. 
Home Office: c/o International Gospel League 1130 

East Walnut, Pasadena, Calif., U. S. A. 
President: Rev. Howard T. Lewis 

JIM Japan Inland Mission 

(Nippon Kaitaku Dendo Kyokai) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Hugh Kennedy, 3, Higashi Hon- 

machi, Shimogamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto-shi. 
Home Office: 29, Cann Hall Rd., Leytonstone, 

London E. 11 England. 
Mission Secretary: Miss M. Wilson 

JMM Japan Mennonite Mission 

(Nippon Mennonite Kyokai) 

Field Chairman: Mr. Ralph Buckwalter, Nishi 7 jo, 
Minami 17-chome, Obihiro-shi, Hokkaido. (3282) 

JPM Japan Presbyterian Mission (U) 

(Nippon Choro Dendokai) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Philip R. Foxwell, 273, 1-chome, 
Horinouchi, Suginami-ku, Tokyo. (311-0017) 

JRB Japan Regular Baptist Mission (4) 

Field Repr.: Rev. F. L. Pickering, furlough from 
spring 1965, 380 Nakagawa, Takaoka-shi, Toyama- 

Home Office: Japan Regular Baptist Mission, 3358 
S. E. Marine Drive, Vancouver 16, B. C., Canada. 

Secretary : Rev. T. L. Wescott 

JRM Japan Rural Mission ( 3 ) 

(Nippon Chiho Dendo Dan) 

Field Repr. : Mr. J. P. Visser, 2640 Jonan-ku, Saiki- 
Shi, Oita-ken. (Saiki 2238) 


LB Lutheran Brethren Mission of Japan (10) 

(Ruteru Doho Kyokai) 
Chairmau: Rev. David Lanager, 10 Ishiwaki Tajiri, 

Honjo-shi, Akita-ken. (Honjo 5749) 
Home Office: Lutheran Brethren Mission, Fergus 

Falls, Minn., U.S.A. 
Chairman: Rev. Orvin Thompson 

LCA Japan Lutheran Missionaries Association of the Lu 

theran Church in America (81) 

(Nihon Fukuin Ruteru Kyokai) 

President: Rev. Howard A. Alsdorf, 20 of 4, Oishi, 
Nagamineyama, Nada-ku, Kobe-shi. (86-4927) 

Association Office: 29 Mitsuzawa Shimo-cho, Kana- 
gawa-ku, Yokohama -shi. (49-3252) 

LEAF Lutheran Evangelical Association of Finland (13) 

(Nihon Fukuin Ruteru Kyokai) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Pentti Karikoski, 108 Kobinata 
Suido-cho, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo. (941-7659) 

LFCN Lutheran Free Church of Norway, Japan Mission 

(Kinki Fukuin Ruteru Kyokai) (4) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Rolf Godoy, 49-2 Tori-machi, Tsu- 

shi, Mie-ken. (8-6246) 
Home Office: Lutheran Free Church of Norway, 

China & Japan Mission, Kristian 4. gt. 15, Oslo, 

Cliairman: Mr. Sigurd Reizer 

LM Liebenzeller Mission (27) 

Field Sec. : Mr. Ernst Vatter, 1933 Nakanoshima, 
Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa-ken. 
(Noborito 044-91-2334) 

MAR Marburger Mission (7) 

(Liberty Corner Mission) 

Field Repr.: Deaconess Karoline Steinhoff, 133-4, 
Aza Nishimatsumoto, Nishi-Hirano, Mikage-cho, Hi- 
gashi Nada-ku, Kobe-shi. (Mikage 85 0146) 


Headquarters in U.S.A. & Germany: Liberty Corner 
Mission, Box 204, Liberty Corner, New Jersey, 
U. S. A. ; Marburger Mission,* (16) Marburg/ Lahn, 
Stresem annstr, 25 Postfach 600, Hessen, West 

Director: Rev. G. Schmauss 

MBM Mennonite Brethren Mission 

Field Rcpr. : Rev. Jonathan H. Bartel, 12-59, Som- 
pachi-cho, Ikeda-shi, Osaka-fu. (0727-6-8969) 

MC The Board of Missions of the Methodist Church, 

Division of World Missions (138) 

Member of the Interboard Committee for Christian 
Work in Japan. 

(Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Theodore J. Kitchen, 12 Aoba-cho, 

Shibuya-ku, Tokyo. (401-2006) 

Home Office: Dr. T. T. Brumbaugh (MC-DWM) 
Room 1528, The Interchurch Center, 475 Riverside 
Drive, New York, New York 10027, U. S. A. 

Women s Division of Christian service 

Field Repr.: Miss Elizabeth Clarke, 11 Konno-cho, 
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo. (408-1914) 

Home Office : Miss Margaret Billingsley (MC-WDCS) 
Room 1418, The Interchurch Center, 475 Riverside, 
New York, New York 10027, U. S. A. 

MCCS Mission Covenant Church of Sweden (18) 

(Nippon Seiyaku Kirisuto Kyodan) 
Field Repr.: Rev. Anders Soderlund, 552 Wada, 

Tamano-shi, Okayama-ken. (8336) 
Home Office: Tegnergatan 8, Stockholm, Sweden. 
Mission Secretary s: Rev. Arvid Stenstrom 

MJO Mission to Japan Inc. Orphanage (2) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Willis R. Hoffman, 40, 5-chome, 
Tokugawa-cho, Higashi-ku, Nagoya-shi. (94-4694) 


MM Mino Mission (3) 

Superintendent: Miss Elizabeth A. Whewell, c/o Mino 
Mission, Tomidahama, Yokkaichi-shi, Mie-ken. 
(Yokkaichi 6-0096) 

MS Mission to Seamen (3) 

Cliaplain: Rev. & Mrs. Harold Wilson, P.O. Box 

709, Ikuta-ku, Kobe-shi. (3-1696) 
Chaplain: Rev. & Mrs. Eric W. Cassan, 194, Yama- 

shita-cho, Naka-ku, Yokohama-shi. (68-4654) 
Home Office : 4, Buckingham Palace Gardens, London 

W. C. 1, England. 

MSCC Missionary Society of the Anglican Church of Canada 

(Nippon Seiko Kai) (13) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Cyril H. Powles, c/o Seikokai 

Shingakuin, 8 Tamagawa Naka-machi, Setagaya- 

ku, Tokyo. (701-0576) 

Home Office: 600 Jarvis St., Toronto 5, Canada. 
General Secretary : Rev. Canon A. H. Davis 

MSL Japan Mission of the Lutheran Church Mo. Synod 

(Nihon Luther Kyodan) (36) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Richard Meyer, c/o Toyko Luther 
an Center, 16, 1-chome, Fujimi-cho, Chiyoda-ku, 
Tokyo. (261-5266) 

Home Office: 210 North Broadway, St. Louis, Mis 
souri, U.S.A. 

Executive Secretary: Dr. H. H. Koppelmann 

NAB North American Baptist General Mission in Japan 


(Zai Nippon Hokubei Baputesto Sogo Senkyodan) 
Field Repr.: Rev. Edwin C. Kern, 208 98, Otani-cho, 

Tsu-shi, Mie-ken. (8-6579) 
Home Office: 7380 Madison St., Forest Park, Illinois, 

U. S. A. 
General Missionary Secretary: Dr. Richard Schilke 


NAV The Navigators (10) 

(Kokusai Navigators) 
Field Repr.: Rev. Robert T. Boardman, 769-6 Kita- 

hara, Minamizawa, Kurume-machi, Kitatama-gun, 

Tokyo. (982-8649) 
Home Office: The Navigators, Box 1861, Colorado 

Springs, Colorado, U. S. A. 
President: Mr. Lome Sanny 

NEOM Norwegian Evangelical Orient Mission (11) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Robert W. Gornitzka, 6 Machi- 

gashira, Ishiki-gun, Yotsukura-machi, Fukushima- 


Home Office: Mollergt. 20, Oslo, Norway. 
Repr.: Rev. Eirik Platen 

NGM North German Mission (1) 

(Kita Doitsu Senkyo kai) 
Miss Hanna Henschel, 217 Shimo Renjaku, Mitaka- 

shi, Tokyo. 

NLL New Life League (6) 

(Shinsei Undo Kyoryokukai) 
Field Repr.: Mr. A. Andaas, 1736 Katayama, Niiza- 

machi, Kita Adachi-gun, Saitama-ken. 


NLM Norwegian Lutheran Mission (22) 

(Nishi Nippon Fukuin Luther Kyokai) 
Field Repr. : Rev. Kaare Boe, 3, 2-chome Nakajima- 

dori, Fukiai-ku, Kobe-shi. (22-3601) 
Home Office: Norwegian Lutheran Mission (Norsk 

Luthersk Misjonssamband) Grensen 19, Oslo, Nor 

General Sec. : Mr. Tormod Vaagen 

NMA The Norwegian Mission Alliance (5) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Abraham Veraide, 1313, 2-chome, 

Shinden-cho, Ichikawa-shi, Chiba-ken. 
Home Office : The Norwegian Mission Alliance, Mun- 

chsgt. 9, Oslo, Norway. 
General Sec. : Paul Walstad 



NMS Norwegian Missionary Society 

(Kinki Fukuin Luther Kyokai) 

Superintendent : Rev. Lars Tjelle, 2 18, Kamiike 

Kita, Kawamo, Takarazuka-shi, Hyogo-ken. 


Home Office: Asylgaten 10, Stabanger, Norway. 
General Sec.: Johannes Skauge 

NTC Next Towns Crusade (6) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Archie Lee Alderson, 1 19, Chodo, 

Fuse-shi, Osaka-fu. (2 5242) 
Home Office: 722 Marquette, San Antonio, Texas, 

U. S. A. 

NTM New Tribes Mission (15) 

Field Repr. : Mr. George Bennett, 153 Kitano, Tokoro- 

zawa-shi, Saitama-ken. 

Home Office: Woodworth, Wisconsin, U.S.A. 
Chairman: Kenneth J. Johnston 

OB Onti Brotherhood 

Omi Hachiman, Shiga-ken. (Omi Hachiman 3131) 

OBM Oriental Boat Mission (4) 

(Tokyo Boto Mission) 

Field Rcpr.: Rev. Vincent Gizzi, 281, Monsen, Yoko- 

yama, Iwakuni-shi, Yamaguchi-ken. 
Home Office: Box 428, Chicago 90, Illinois, U.S.A. 
Executive Sec. : Rev. H. A. Hermansen 

OBS Open Bible Standard Mission (6) 

(Nippon Open Bible Kyodan) 

Field Rcpr.: Rev. Philard L. Rounds, 32, 3-chome, 

Kitamachi, Shinohara, Nada-ku, Kobe-shi. 

PO Box 31 (86 2664) 

OMF Overseas Missionary Fellowship (77) 

(Kokusai Fukuin Senkyodan) 
Field Repr. : Mr. David Hay man, 49 Sawada, Tsukuri- 

michi, Aomori-shi. (2 4620) 

Home Office: O. M. F., 2 Cluny Road, Singapore 10. 
General Director: Mr. J. Oswald Sanders 


OMS The Oriental Missionary Society (16) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Wesley L. Wildermuth, 1477 Megu- 

rita, Higashimurayama-shi, Tokyo. (0423-9-3071/2) 
Home Office: 850 North Hobart Blvd., Los Angeles 

29, Calif., U. S. A. 
President: Dr. Eugene A. Erny 

OMSS The Orebro Missionary Society of Sweden (17) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Helge Jansson, 1-254, Hiraoka-cho, 

Sakai-shi, Osaka-fu. 
Home Office: Orebro Missionsforening, Skelgatan 11. 

Orebro, Sweden. 
Secretary for Foreign Missions : Rev. Yngve Ydreberg 

OPC Orthodox Presbyterian Church (4) 

(Nippon Kirisuto Kaikakuha Kyokai) 
Chairman: Rev. R. Heber Mcllwaine, 19 Shinhama- 
cho, Fukushima-shi. (2-0587) 

PBA Pacific Broadcasting Association (7) 

Manager: Mr. Arthur Seely, 1433 Setagaya-cho, 2- 
chome, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo. (420-3166) 

PCC The Presbyterian Church in Canada (5) 

(Zainichi Daikan Kirisuto Kyokai) 

Field Repr.: Rev. John Mclntosh, 200, Shinonome- 

machi, 2-chome, Higashi Ku, Osaka. (761-8540) 
Home Office: The Presbyterian Church in Canada, 

General Board of Missions, 63 St. George Street, 

Toronto, 5, Ontario, Canada. 
Secretary : Rev. E. H. Johnson 

PCM Philadelphia Church Mission (8) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Harold N. Hestekind, 205 Ozato- 
cho, Honmoku, Naka-ku, Yokohama-shi. (20-4688) 

Home Office: Philadelphia Church, 7704-24 Ave. N. 
W., Seattle, Washington, U. S. A. 

Secretary: Rev. Roy Johnson 


PCUS Japan Mission Presbyterian Church in the United 

States (65) 

Associate Member of the Interboard Committee for 

Christian Work in Japan 
(Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan & Nihon Kirisuto Kaikakuha 

Field Repr.: Mr. John H. Brady, Jr., 41 Kumochi- 

cho, 1-chome, Fukiai-ku, Kobe-shi. (23 8563) 
Home Office: PO Box 330, Nashville, Tennessee 

37202, U.S.A. 
Area Sec. for Far East: Dr. James A. Cogswell 

PEC Protestant Episcopal Church in the U. S. A. (44) 

(Nippon Seiko Kai) 
Field Repr.: Rev. Kenneth E. Heim, 48, 10-chome, 

Aoyama Minami-cho, Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo. 

(Office: 408-3435/6, Home: 811-1370) 
Home Office: Episcopal Church Center, 815 Second 

Ave., New York, N. Y. 10017, U. S. A. 
Director: The Rt. Rev. Stephen F. Bayne, Jr. 

PEC Independent-Protestant Episcopal Church in U. S. A 

(IND) (5) 

PF The Pilgrim Fellowship (2) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Wilbur Lingle, 112 Aza Obari, 

Oaza Takabari, Itaka-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya-shi. 

RCA Board of World Missions of the Reformed Church 

in America (34) 

Member of the Interboard Committee for Christian 

Work in Japan 
(Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan) 
Field Repr.: Mr. Theodore Flaherty, 37- A, Yamate- 

cho, Naka-ku, Yokohama. (64-1183) 
Home Office: Room 1834, The Interchurch Center, 

475 Riverside Drive, New York, New York 10027, 

U. S. A. 
Secretary : Dr. J. J. Thomas 


R p Revival Fellowship (2) 

Field Repr.: Rev. William E. Schubert, 2163 Karui- 

zawa, Nagano-ken. (2302) 
Home Office: Rev. Fred Ross, President, 942 N. 

Jackson St.. Glendale, Calif. 91207, U. S. A. 

RPM The Reformed Presbyterian Mission in Japan (9) 

(Nippon Kaikaku Choro Kyokai) 

Chairman : Rev. Donald I. Robb, PO Box 10, Tarumi, 
Kobe-shi. (Tarumi 2155) 

Home Office: 1-39 Nakayamate-dori, Ikuta-ku, Kobe- 

Bus. Mgr. : Gene Spear 

RSF Japan Committee of the Philadelphia Yearly Meeting 

of the Religious Society of Friends (4) 

(Kirisuto Yukai Nippon Nenkai) 

Field Repr.: Miss Fumie Miho, c/o Friend Center, 
14, 1-chome, Mita Daimachi, Minato-ku, Tokyo. 

SA The Salvation Army (8) 

(Kyusei Gun) 

Field Repr.: Commissioner Charles Davidson, 17, 2- 

chome, Kanda Jinbo-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo. 


SAJM Swiss Alliance Japan Mission (6) 

Field Repr. : Mr. Paul Schar, Chikusa, Kanai-machi, 
Sado-gun, Niigata-ken. (Kanai 2777) 

Home Office: Philafrikanische und Allianze-Mission, 
St. Georgenstrasse 23, Winterthur, Switzerland 
Mr. Eugen Schmidt, Secretary. 

SAMJ Swedish Alliance Mission in Japan (19) 

(Nippon Domei Kirisuto Kyodan) 
Field Repr. : Rev. Filip Malmvall, 257-51 Kamoe-cho, 

Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka-ken. (3-5051) 
Home Office: Swedish Alliance Mission, Box 530, 

Jonkoping 2, Sweden. 
Sec. for Foreign Mission : Mr. Erik Wiberg 


SB Southern Baptist Convention Foreign Mission Board 

(Nippon Baptist Renmei) (139) 

Field Repr.: Rev. George H. Hays, Th. D., 350 2- 

chome, Nishi Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo. 

Home Office: Southern Baptist Convention Foreign 

Mission Board, 3806 Monument Ave., Richmond 30, 

Virginia, U. S. A. 
Executive Sec. : Dr. Baker James Cauthen 

SBM Swedish Baptist Mission (8) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Oscar Rinell, 637 Shinzaike, Himeji- 
shi, Hyogo-ken. (23-2052) 

SCO Scandinavian Christian Doyukai (6) 

(Nippon Kirisuto Doyukai) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Harry Thomsen, Shin Rei San, 

Misawa, Yamazaki, Fukuroi-shi, Shizuoka-ken. 

(Okazaki 100) 

SDA Seventh-day Adventiste (24) 

(Nippon Rengo Dendo Bukai) 

Field Repr. : Mr. W. T. Clark, 164-2, Onden, 3-chome, 
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo. (401-3594) 

SEMJ Swedish Evangelical Mission in Japan (9) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Edvin Bohlin, 273-33 Aza Raiba 
Noboribetsu-cho, Horobetsu-gun, Hokkaido. 
(Horobetsu 182) 

Home Office: Brunnsgatan 4, III, Stockholm, Sweden. 
Secretary: Mr. Paul George Svensson 

SEOM Swedish Evangelical Orient Mission (7) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Erik Malm, 1675 Omiya, Fujino- 
miya-shi, Shizuoka-ken. (4556) 

SFM Swedish Free Mission (22) 

Field Repr.: Mr. John Johnson, 122, 2-chome, Iwama- 
cho, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama-shi. (43-0643) 


SOM Slavic and Oriental Mission (1) 

Field Rcpr. : Mr. Kinichiro James Endo, C. P. O. Box 

790, Tokyo. (866-6595/7) 
Home Office : P. O. Box 4363 G. P. O. Sydney, N. S. W., 

Director: Dr. Len J. Jones 

SPG Society for the Propagation of the Gospel (13) 

(Nippon Seikokai) 

Field Repr.: Rev. David M. Chamberlain, 541 Juji- 
machi, 3-chome, Odawara-shi, Kanagawa-ken. 

SSJE Society of St. John the Evangelist (3) 

(Nippon Seikokai) 

Field Rcpr. : Rev. David W. H. Clayton, 331 Koyama, 

Kurume-machi, Kitatama-gun, Tokyo. 


TBC Tokyo Bible Center (2) 

Field Repr. : Rev. T. Pietsch, 9-9, 2-chome, Yakumo- 
machi, Meguro-ku, Tokyo. (717-0746, 5147) 

Home Office: 4616- 47th St. NW, Washington 16 D.C., 
U. S. A. 

Mr. Lloyd Buchanan 

TEAM The Evangelical Alliance Mission (158) 

(Nippon Domei Kirisuto Kyodan) 
Field Repr.: Rev. Ralph E. Cox, 15-15, 3-chome 

Daisawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo. (421-3442) 
Home Office: 2845 W. McLean Ave., Chicago 47, 

Illinois, U.S.A. 
General Director: Rev. Vernon Mortenson 

TEC Tokyo Evangelistic Center (6) 

(Tokyo Fukuin Senta) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Willis Carrico, 1378 Higashimura- 

yama-machi, Tokyo. 

Home Office : PO Box 4, Sierra Madre, Calif., U. S. A. 
Mr. Robert Browning, Treasurer 



TEL Training Evangelistic Leadership (2) 

Field Repr.: Rev. John H. Rhoads, 769, 3-chome, 

Kitahara, Minamizawa, Kurume-machi, Kitatama- 

gun, Tokyo. (0424-71-1527) 

UCBWM United Church Board for World Ministries (78) 

Member of the Interboard Committee for Christian 

Work in Japan 
(Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan) 
Field Repr.: Rev. William P. Woodard, 12 Gazenbo- 

cho, Azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo. 

(481-3516) (Office 291-4231) 
Home Office: 16th Floor, The Interchurch Center, 

475 Riverside Drive, New York, New York 10027, 

U. S. A. 
Sec. : Rev. Paul R. Gregory 

UCC Board of World Mission of the United Church of 

Canada (40) 

Member of the Interboard Committee for Christian 

Work in Japan 
(Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan) 
Field Repr.: Rev. Ian MacLeod, 15 Shiomidai, Otaru- 

shi, Hokkaido. (2-7542) 
Home Office: 309 The United Church House, 85 St. 

Clair Ave., East, Toronto 7, Canada. 
Secretary: Miss Wilna Thomas 

UCMS Division of World Mission of the United Christian 

Missionary Society (15) 

(Disciples of Christ) 
Member of the Interboard Committee for Christian 

Work in Japan 
(Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan) 
Field Repr.: Miss Pauline Starn, 60 Kozenji Dori, 

Sendai-shi. (22-7439) 
Home Office: 222 South Downey Ave., Indianapolis, 

Indiana 46207, U. S. A. 
Executive Secretary for the Department of East Asia : 

Dr. Joseph M. Smith 








Universal Missions, Inc. (6) 

(Now joined with General Council of the Assemblies 

of God) 
(Nippon Assemblies of God Kyodan) 

Commission on Ecumenical Mission & Relations of 

the United Presbyterian Church in the United States 

of America (53) 

Member of the Interboard Committee for Christian 

Work in Japan 
(Nippon Kirisuto Kyodan) 
Field Rcpr.: Rev. Thomas Grubbs, 242 Zaimokuza, 

Kamakura-shi, Kanagawa-ken. (0467-2-1720) 
Home Office: Room 932, The Interchurch Center, 

475 Riverside Drive, New York 10027, U. S. A. 
Secretary: Rev. L. Newton Thurber 
United Pentecostal Church Missionaries (6) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Claude M. Thompson, 163 Yamate- 

cho, Ashiya-shi. (2-6669) 

The Worldwide Evangelization Crusade (15) 

(Sekai Fukuin Dendo Dan) 
Field Repr.: Mr. Kenneth S. Roundhill, 1-57, Maru- 

yama, Kitashirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto-shi. 
Home Office: Box A, Fort Washington, Pa., U.S.A. 
Secretary : Mr. Dave Cornell 

Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (3) 

(Luther Fukuin Kirisuto Kyokai) 
Field Rcpr. : Rev. Richard M. Seeger, 20, 2-chome, 

Tomisaka-cho, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo. (811-8200) 
Home Office: 1950 Emerald St., San Diego, Calif, 

U. S. A. 

Exec. Sec.: Rev. Edgar Hoenecke 
Worldwide Fellowship with Jesus Christ Mission (1) 
Field Repr.: Miss Susie Thomas, 4399 Noikura, 
Ariake-cho, Soo-gun, Kagoshima-ken. 
Home lOffice: Worldwide Fellowship with Jesus 

Christ Mission, p Brandonville, W. Va., U.S.A. 
President: Mr. Park Dennis 










World Gospel Mission (2) 

Field Repr. : Rev. David A. Kuba, 20 Nakamaru-cho, 
Itabashi-ku, Tokyo. (955-5497) 

World Harvesters, Inc. (2) 

(Honda Crusade) 

Field Repr.: Mr. E. Karnes, Hanayama-cho, 1-chome, 

Nagata-ku, Kobe-shi. (PO Box 1144, Kobe) 
Home Office: PO Box 259, West Hartford, Conn., 

U. S. A. 
Director: Sidney Regnier 

American Wesleyan Mission in Japan (4) 

(Immanuel Sogo Dendo Dan) 

Field Repr.: Rev. William Cessna, 11 Nakamaru-cho, 
Itabashi-ku, Tokyo. (955-5401) 

World Missions to Children (7) 

Field Repr.: Mr. Phares Huggins, 850 Tenjin-cho, 
Sasebo-shi, Nagasaki-ken. (2-6906) 

WRBCMS Walworth Road Baptist Church Missionary Society 


Field Repr.: Miss Florence E. Penny, 467 Oaza Ai, 
Ibaraki-shi, Osaka-fu. (0262-3145) 

World Revival Prayer League, Inc. (4) 

Director: Mrs. Margaret K. Ross, 8, 1-chome, Azuma- 
bashi, Sumida-ku, Tokyo. (622-5248) 

Woman s Union Missionary Society (8) 

Field Repr.: Miss Mary Ballantyne, 221 Yamate, 
Naka-ku, Yokohama-shi. (64 3993) 

World Vision, Inc. (2) 

Field Repr. : Rev. Joe R. Gooden, C. P. O. Box 405, 
Tokyo. (201 7604/5) 


World Wide Missions 

Field Repr.: Mr. Arthur Asbill, Furlough 




WSK Young Life Crusade of Japan (4) 

(Wakodo Shinsei Kai) 

Field Repr.: Rev. Milten Wayne, 17 Kumano-cho, 

4-chome, Hyogo-ku, Kobe-shi. 
YMCA International Committee National Council YMCAs of 

USA & Canada (4) 

(Nihon Zenkoku YMCA Domei) 
Field Repr. : Mr. A. Delmar Wedel, 7-2, Fujimi-cho, 

Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo. (261-4261) 


Aamodt, Rev. & Mrs. Conrad, 
ALC 356, Nagori-cho, Hama- 
matsu-shi, Shizuoka-ken 

7 - -t -y h 

Aaaland, Rev. & Mrs. Harold, 
ALC 222, Otowa-cho, Shizu- 
oka-shi (52-9078) 

7 -7.7 v Y 

Abrahams, Mr. & Mrs. Douglas 
J., OMF -25-14, 4-chome, Shiro- 
shita, Hachinoe-shi, Aomori-ken 

F?iARifffeirF 4 rn 25-14 


Adams, Rev. & Mrs. Evyn (Joy), 
IBC (MC) 8-chome, Nishi Ichi- 
jo, Tsukisappu, Sapporo-shi, 
Hokkaido (86 4578) 

7 9 A ^ 

Adams, Mr. & Mrs. Willis, TEAM 
- 4-18, 5-chome, Sakuradai, 
Nerima-ku, Tokyo 

jji*iX$MiKf3tf?5TM 18-4 

~7 ? A X 

Ahtonen, Miss Hilda, LEAF -108, 
Kobinata Suido-cho, Bunkyo-ku 
Tokyo (941-7659) 

n inj 


Alderson, Rev. & Mrs. Archie 
Lee, NTC-1-19, Chodo, Fuse- 
shi, Osaka 
(Furlough until Nov. 1964) 

-7 1\, 9 - y v 

Alice, Sister, IND (PEC) -95, 
Tamade Shimizu, Odawara, 
Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken 

Allen, Mr. & Mrs. Arthur G., IND 
1017, 1-chome, Kugahara, 
Ota-ku, Tokyo (751-4211) 
HCtfffl5;*fflKX*-JgU 1017 

7 \/V 

Allen, Rev. F. A. Patrick, MS 
109, Ito-machi, Ikuta-ku, Kobe- 
(3 1696) 


Allen, Rev. D. E., SSJE 331, Ko- 
yama Kurume-machi, Kitatama- 
gun, Tokyo (0424-71-0175) 

Mil 331 
7 \s V 

Allen, Mr. & Mrs. Philip, TEAM 
3460, Yawata-cho, Kannonji- 
shi, Kagawa-ken 
(Furlough until Spring 1965) 
^Ffff AIPJ- 3460 



Allen, Rev. & Mrs. Shelton, 
FEGC-710, Imazumi-cho, 7- 
chome, Utsunomiya-shi, Tochi- 
(Furlough June 1964-1965) 

Allen, Miss Thomasine, ABFMS 
Kuji Christian Center 
Kuji-shi, Iwate-ken 
(Kuji 25) 

Allum, Miss Iris, IBC (MC) -75, 
Okada-machi, Kumamoto-shi 

Almroth, Mr. & Mrs. Harald, 
SFM 1280, 1-chome, Morino, 
Machida-shi, Tokyo 
(Machida 4317) 

^fiMWEHrfTfSiflTS 128 

T- AP -* 

Alsdorf, Rev. & Mrs. Howard A., 
LCA 9-15, Imagawa-machi, 1- 
chome, Fukuoka-shi (74-0497) 
iMrlf^JIIIHTlTB 1509 

Alve, Rev. & Mrs. Bjorn, NMS 

Andars, Mr. & Mrs. A., NLL 
1736, Katayama, Niiza-machi, 
Kita Adachi-gun, Saitama-ken 


Anderson, Rev. & Mrs. D. W., 
MSCC 2108-1, Shimo-Komachi, 
Kasuga-Shinden, Naoetsu-shi, 
(Furlough to Summer 1965) 

2108-1 TV/^ -W 

Anderson, Miss Hjordis, SBM 
c/o Rev. Oscar Rinell, 637, 
Shinzaike, Himeji-shi, Hyogo- 

O. y ^ fls~Jj ~7 v ? y 

Anderson, Miss Irene, IBC(EUB) 
56-3, Kawatani, Nishigo-mura, 
Nishi-Shirakawa-gun, Fuku- 

7V? V V 

Anderson, Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth 
F., JFM P.O. Box 11, Kashi- 
wara-shi, Nara-ken 

Althouse, Miss Sue, IBC (UPC) 
10, Kami Kakinokibatake, 
Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa-ken 


(Furlough 1964-1965) 

7 & 

7V?- v v 

Anderson, Miss Mildred, JEM 
645-1, Tsuruma, Fujimi-mura, 
Iruma-gun, Saitama-ken 

7V if 



Anderson, Miss Yvonne, NAV 
769-6, Kitahara, Minamizawa, 
Kurume-machi, Kitatama-gun, 
Tokyo (982-8649) 


Andersson, Mr. & Mrs. Evert 
SFM 339, Takabatake-cho, 
Kofu-shi, Yamanashi-ken 

Andersson, Miss Martha, ECC 
1111, 3-chome, Kanai-machi, 
Karasuyama-cho, Nasu-gun, 



Andersson, Miss Thali, SAMJ 
80, Asumada-cho, Toyohashi- 
shi, Aichi-ken 

7v? y v 

Anspach, Rev. & Mrs. Parker, Jr., 
ULCA 27, Nobori-uchi-machi, 
Shugakuin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 


7 v ? - y v 

Andersson, Miss Karin, MCCS 
31-2-chome, Shinohara Hon- 
machi, Nada-ku, Kobe 

Antholine, Rev. & Mrs. August, 
IND -Sonoda-machi, 1-chome, 
Okura, Yahata-Shi, Fukuoka- 

fflWRAHm^jKBfflW i T0 
1091 7 y y y v 

Anthony, Miss Janet IBC 
(UCBWM) Interboard House, 
2, Higashi Toriizaka-machi, 
Azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo 

7 V h - >f 

Araujo, Mr. & Mrs. Frank, SDA 
Japan Missionary College, 
Sodegaura-machi, Kimitsu-gun, 
Chiba-ken (Sodegaura 18) 

Archer, Mr. & Mrs. Sam, TEAM 
15-15, 3-chome, Daizawa, Se- 
tagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Archibald, Miss Margaret, PCUS 
~ Smythe Hall, Kinjo College, 
Omori-cho, Moriyama-ku, Na- 
goya (Moriyama 79-3053) 

Arnesen, Rev. & Mrs. Jacob, PCM 
69, Zenma, Isogo-ku, Yoko 

7 - 



Arnold, Rev. & Mrs. Ray D., 
BBF 3-328, Nobuto-cho, Chiba- 
shi (41-1006) 

3-328 7 - / A K 

Arthur, Miss Wilma 

(Furlough December 1964) 
Asbill, Mr. & Mrs. Arthur, Jr., 

WWM (Furlough) 
Askew, Dr. & Mrs. D. Curtis, SB 

1535, 3-chome, Asahi-machi, 

Fuchu-shi, Tokyo 

(Fuchu 9170) 

3t# W tntT $3 n IHJ 3-1535 

7 * =^ *. ^ 
Askew, Rev. & Mrs. Manfred F., 

IND Mizuho-machi, Nishi- 

tama-gun, Tokyo 

Aspberg, Mrs. Ingrid, SEOM 
141-15, Ohito-machi, Tagata- 
gun, Shizuoka-ken 

falWJTOSfcttrinr 15-141 

7 * "< t\s y 

Astalos, Rev. & Mrs. Ronald, 
MSL 126, 2-chome, Nozawa- 
cho, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
JKCfWttfflSraRFW 2-128 

7 ^ 9 7 7* 

Attaway, Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth N 
(Ruth M), CEF--1599, Higashi- 
kubo Kamiarai, Tokorozawa- 
shi, Saitama-ken 
(0429) 22-4076 

Attebury, Rev. & Mrs. Dudley, 
GFA 52, Nishinoya, Honmoku, 
Naka-ku, Yokohama 

Auchenbach, Miss E. Louise, IBC 
(UCBWM) 2-24, Okaido- 

machi, 3-chome, Matsuyama- 
shi, Ehi-me-ken (2-4136) 

fellj rf? ^cffiaiWr 3 Tg 24 
O 2 7^ >r V *> y 9 

Auman, Rev. & Mrs. Clyde, IBC 

(MC) 7, 10-chome, Daiko-cho, 
Higashi-ku, Nagoya 

Autio, Miss Kerttu, FFFM 92, 

Higashi Tenno-cho, Okazaki, 

Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

M&milKSHT 92 

7 ^^-^ 
Autio, Mr. & Mrs. Onni, FFFM 

92, Higashi Tenno-cho, Oka 

zaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

Auw, Rev. & Mrs. Hugh, C., 
MSL 2, 1-chome, Yamanote, 
Kotoni-machi, Sapporo-shi, Hok 
kaido (2-3840) 

T@ 2 

Axelsson, Miss Alva, SFM 

7 ^ -t fr v 



Axelsson, Mr. & Mrs. Goesta, 
SFM Jun Fukuin Kyokai, 1532, 
Niibashi, Gotenba-shi, Shizuoka- 

|ffi* 1532 

V V 

Axelsson, Mrs. Martha 

-t /u V 

Axelsson, Miss Mary, SAMJ 
P. O. Box 4, Tenryu-shi, Shizu- 

7 9 -fe /u V v 

Ayabe, Rev. & Mrs. Henry, FEGC 
133, Hana Koganei 1-chome, 
Kodaira-shi, Tokyo 

a 133 


Bade, Rev. & Mrs. Alfred T., 
IND Fussa Bethel Church, 
1101, Kumagawa, Fussa, Nishi- 
tama-gun, Tokyo 


Bade, Rev. & Mrs. Clyde E., IND 
Fussa Bethel Church, 1101, 
Kumagawa, Fussa, Nishitama- 
gun, Tokyo 

Bahler, Miss Margrit OMF 
Minami 1-chome, Higashi 2- jo, 
Sunagawa-shi, Hokkaido 

Bailey, Miss Hazel, AMM c/o 
Morita, 140, Nanryo-cho, 3- 
chome, Sakai-shi, Osaka 

Baker, Miss Elsie M., CMS 
Poole Gakuin, 5-chome, Katsu- 
yama-dori, Ikuno-ku, Osaka 

Baker, Mr. & Mrs. K. ( OMF 

Baker, Miss Margaret Ruth, IBC 
(UCQ Interboard House, 
2, Higashi Toriizaka-machi, 
Azabu Minato-ku, Tokyo 

B 2 

Baker, Miss Martha, IBC (UCC) 
15, 4-chome, Miyamae-cho, 
Kofu-shi, Yamanashi-ken 



Baker, Mrs. Myrtle, IND Shimo- 
hoya, Hoya-machi, Kitatama- 
gun, Tokyo 


Baldwin, Rev. & Mrs. Walter P., 
PCUS 1-31, Maruya-cho, 4- 
chome, Showa-ku, Nagoya 

1 4 T El 31 

*: - ^ K >> 4 v 

Baldwin, Rev. & Mrs. W. W., 
MSCC 882-3-chome, Chita- 
machi, Hiroshima-shi 
(Furlough to Summer 1965) 

Banks, Captain & Mrs. William 
(Muriel), SA -1039, Wadahon- 
machi, Suginami-ku, Tokyo 

lflMB&3feKftffi#Rr 1039 

sZ V 9 ^ 

Barber, Miss Desley, OMF 62-5, 
Miyuki-cho, Shizunai-machi, 
Shizunai-gun, Hokkaido 


Barker, Rev. & Mrs. Robert, 
(Kiyoko).IBC (UPC) Nishi 6- 
chome, Kita 7-jo, Sapporo-shi, 
Hokkaido (71-3770) 

Bale, Mrs. Marie F., (Ph. D.) 
IBC (MC) I.C.U., 1500, Osawa, 
Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 
(Musashino 3-3131) 

1500 I.C.U. ft 

Ballantyne, Miss Mary, WUMS 
221, Yamate-cho, Naka-ku, 
Yokohama (64-3993) 

Bandel, Miss Elizabeth, IBC(MC) 
3 of 341, Fujimagari, Oyama- 
cho, Sunto-gun, Shizuoka-ken 
(Furlough 1964-65) 

341 o 3 

Barksdale, Rev. John O. (Ph. D.) 
& Mrs. Virginia, PCUS I. C. U., 
1500, Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 
(Musashino 3-3131) 

1500 I.C.U. fl 

Barnes, Mr. Glenn, IND- 2163, 
Karuizawa-machi, Nagano-Ken 
(Karuizawa 2302) 

Barnhart, Miss Esther, LCA 
Jiai-en, 320, Kuwamizu-machi, 
Kumamoto-shi (4-1981) 
320 m^W 

xy^%- h 



Barns, Mr. & Mrs. A. Donald, 
WEC Seiyoshino Kirisuto Kyo- 
kai, Tsuchita, Oyodo-cho, Yoshi- 
no-gun, Nara-ken 

Barns, Miss Helen, IBC (MC) 
Seibi Gakuen, 124, Maita-machi, 
Minami-ku, Yokohama 
(School 73-2861) 
(Home 73-2864) 


Barrett, Rev. & Mrs. Clifford E., 
IFG- (Furlough) 

Bartel, Rev. & Mrs. Jonathan H., 
MBM 12-59, Sompachi-cho, 
Ikeda-shi, Osaka (6-8969) 

if/ *#wi 59-12 

Barthold, Mr. & Mrs. Stanley, 
TEAM -3203, Ami-machi, Ina- 
shiki-gun, Ibaragi-ken 
(Ami 225) 

^ y ;i> K 

Bascom, Mr. & Mrs. G. E., 
(Maxine) IBC (MC) 12, Moto- 
Daiku-machi, Hirosaki-shi, Ao- 
mori-ken (2-4842) 

Baskerville, Rev. & Mrs. David, 
LCA 139, Higashi Tamagawa- 
cho, Setagaya-ky, Tokyo 

Batek, Miss Joyce, NAB- 352, 1- 
chome, Futamata-cho, Ise-shi, 
Mie-ken (8-4846) 
(Furlough till Feb. 1965) 
Hm&fWffi-fSW 1 T0 352 
^T y 9 

Bauman, Mr. & Mrs. Elmer, JEM 
(Furlough until Aug. 1965) 

Baynes, Rev. Simon H., CMS 
8, Tamagawa, Naka-machi, 2- 
chome, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Beabout, Miss Florence, CBFMS 
P. O. Box 66, Sendai-shi, 


Beatty, Miss Judy N., IBC (MC) 
c/o Amakawa, 113, Tono- 
yama-cho, Nishinomiya-shi, 
Hyogo-ken (3-5150) 

Beavan, Miss Dorothy, OMF 
(Furlough until Oct. 1964) 

Beck, Mr. & Mrs. Carl (Esther), 
JMM 352, 2-chome, Nishi- 
Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 

TM 352 

*<v 9 



Beck, Mr. & Mrs. G., LM 9 of 
5380, Izumi-cho, Naka Minato- | 
shi, Ibaragi-ken 
&$Pa#|SJ$m-SiWr 5380-9 

*<y 9 

Beck, Miss Naomi, IBC (UCMS) 
Interboard House, 2, Higashi- 
Toriizaka-machi, Azabu, Minato 
ku, Tokyo (481-3325) 

Becker, Miss Blanche, EFCM 
34, Sandan Nagamachi, Matsu- 
gasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

Beckman, Rev. & Mrs. David L., 
NTM -Otaraji, Udetsu-machi, 
Noto-machi, Fugeshi-gun, Ishi- 

Beckman, Mr. & Mrs. George 
(Ethel), CnC 79, Kamizono- 
cho, Koyoen, Nishinomiya-shi, 


Beecken, Rev. & Mrs. Herbert 
(Dorothy), IBC (UCBWM) 12, 
Annaka, Annaka-shi, Gunma- 
ken (8-0721) 


Beckon, Mr. & Mrs. Gifford, IND 

Bee, Mr. & Mrs. William, JEB 
11, 5-chome, Shiomidai-cho, Su- 
ma-ku, Kobe (7-5651) 

Belknap, Rev. & Mrs. H., IND 
Gospel Bible Correspondence 
School, 138, Shibazaki-cho, 4- 
chome, Tachikawa-shi, Tokyo 


Bell, Rev. & Mrs. M. John, NTC 
(Furlough from July 1964) 

Bell, Rev. & Mrs. Otis (Earlene) , 
IBC (MC) 8-chome, Nishi 1- 
jo, Tsukisappu-cho, Sapporo- 
shi, Hokkaido (72-1638) 

Benedict, Mr. & Mrs. Paul W., 
CCI Hikino-cho, Fukuyama- 
shi, Hiroshima-ken 

Benner, Mr. & Mrs. Patterson 
(Gretchen), IBC (MC) 
(Furlough 1963-65) 

Bennett, Miss Ethylen, GFA 64, 
Midorigaoka, Honmoku, Naka- 
ku, Yokohama (64-8812) 



Bennett, Mr. & Mrs. George E., 

NTM-153, Kitano, Tokoro- 

zawa-shi, Saitama-ken 

iftiHW^rfiMfclf 153 ^t^h 
Bennett, Mr. J. Kenneth, NTM 


Bennett, Rev. & Mrs. E. Preston, 
SB -12/7, 2-chome, Nishi-machi, 
Nakajima, Oita-shi 
(2 7080) 


Benson, Mr. & Mrs. Bennie 
(Dottie), CBFMS -2557, Koide, 
Nagai-shi, Yamagata-ken 

/J>Hl 2557 

lienzinger, Miss Esther, LM 
935, Kugahara, Ota-ku. Tokyo 

-< V "/ J V *J* t\s 

Berendt, Mr. Erich A., LCA c/o 
I.C.U. 1500, Osawa, Mitaka-shi, 

Berg, Miss Ethel, TEAM -1433, 
2-chome, Kitazawa, Setagaya- 
ku, Tokyo (420 3166) 


Bergeld, Miss Sofia, SFM -3873-1, 
Kamiyoshida, "Fuji Yoshida-shi, 



Bergh, Rev- & Mrs. Earl, LCA - 
5888, Tatenobori-machi, Toku- 
yama-shi, Yamaguchi-ken 

Btrjfh, Rev. & Mrs. Oliver, ALC 
(Furlough until Summer 1965) 

Bergman, Miss Gerda O., UPC 
(Korea-Retired) 72-3-chome, 
Naka-dori, Nishi-ku, Ube-shi, 
Yamaguchi-ken (2-0252) 

rW 3 T 1 1 72 

Bergt, Rev. & Mrs. Elmer J., 
MSL 239-A, Yamate-cho, 
Naka-ku, Yokohama 


Beat, Rev. & Mrs. Sydney, FEGC 
-82-7, Yamashita-cho, Naka- 
ku, Yokohama (64-3877) 

Betts, Mr. & Mrs. Joe D., CC - 
4080, Omika, Hitachi-shi, Ibara- 
gi-ken (2251) 

Bettachen, Rev. & Mrs. Wm. D., 
ACPC (Furlough May 1964) 

Bickerton, Mr. & Mrs. F.E., NLL 



Billow, Rev. & Mrs. William D., 
LCA 560, 4-chome, Yatsu- 
machi, Narashino-shi, Chiba-ken 
(7 1940) 

FHIIW&ffrfjSjW 4 Tl 1 56 
h P ~ 

Hills, Miss Barbara, OMF Kome- 
cho, Nishi-Tsugaru-gun, Ajiga- 
sawa-machi, Aomori-ken 

Bishop, Rev. & Mrs. Dan M., 
BMMJ (Furlough) 

Bishop, Mr. & Mrs. Harry, INI) 
---67, Hirosawa-cho, llama - 
matsu-shi, Shizuoka-ken 

L \/ a -y -/ 

Bixler, Mr. & Mrs. O. D., CC - 
2-5, Surugadai, Kanda, Chiyoda- 
ku, Tokyo 

Blacks tone, Rev. & Mrs. Bernard, 
UMI (Furlough from July 

Blackwood, Miss Janet, CEF 15- 

4-chome, 7 Banchi, Midori-cho, 

Tokorozawa-shi, Saitama-ken 

; WHTriKiljW 4TI-1 7 15 

y 7 y 9 > -y K 

Blair Rev. & Mrs. Howard, FEGO 

556-1, Minamisawa, Kurume- 

machi, Kitatania-gun, Tokyo 

(Tanashi 71 7258) 


Blalock, Mr. & Mrs. John R. 
(Mary E.), BDM 55, Mame- 
guchidai, Naka-ku, Yokohama 

7* 7 P -y 9 

Blevins, Rev. & Mrs. Clifton, 
EFGO 111, Hakuraku, Kana- 
gawa-ku, Yokohama 

(49 9017) 

Blocksom, Rev. & Mrs. James, 
EFCM 1936, 3-chome, Nishi 
Bessho, Urawa-shi, Saitama-ken 

.^Jil rUilifWil/i^yiJifr 3 T0 1936 
?? -> 9 y y 

Blosser, Rev. & Mrs. Eugene, 
(Luella), JMM 23-45, Fuku- 
zumi-cho, Sapporo-shi, Hokkai 
do (86-1933) 

- 23 

Mr. & Mrs. Ron, IND 
724-B,Kawasaki, Hamura-machi, 
Nishitama-gun, Tokyo 


Boardman, Rev. & Mrs. Robert 
R., NAV- 769-6, Kitahara, 
Minamizawa, Kurume-machi, 
Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 

iKtfffls ,it^*-(ip ^ffl^wr 

ffii 769-6 



Boatwright, Rev. & Mrs. Claude 
S., SB 11-98, Tsutsumi-dori, 
Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken 
ftWRMlltfJifTttHffi 098-11 

& - h 7 4 h 

Boc, Rev. & Mrs. Kaare (Astrid), 
NLM 3, Nakajima-dori, 2- 
chome, Fukiai-ku, Kobe 
(22 6956) 

Bonnes, R ev . & Mrs. Nils (Sig- 
frid), NLM -8, Nakajima-dori, 
2-chome, Fukiai-ku, Kobe 


Bogard, Miss F. Belle, IBC(RCA) 
Kobe Jogakuin, Okadayama, 
Nishinomiya-shi, Hyogo-ken 
(5 1020) 

rftf- K 

Bohlin, Mr. & Mrs. Edvin, SEMJ 
- 273-33, Aza Raiba Nobori- 
betsu-cho, Horobetsu-gun, Hok 
kaido (Horobetsu 182) 
jkffimBlJff&ffllRP?** 273- 
33 #-- !) v 

liollinger, Rev. & Mrs. E., 
ABFMS 1266, Oyama, Gino- 
wan-son, Okinawa (099 2312) 

Bond, Miss Dorothy, FEGC 
Kami-cho, Oyama-shi, Tochigi- 

Jrf]WJ 1938 rf?y K 

Bonnema, Miss Beth Joanne, IBC 
(RCA) 37, Yamate-cho, Naka- 
ku, Yokohama (64-1183) 

Bonson, Mr. & Mrs. John C., IND 
11, Nakamura-cho, Itabashi- 
ku, Tokyo (955-5401) 

Book, Mr. & Mrs. Doyle C. 
(Thelma), BIC 1179, Higashi- 
Fukagawa, Nagato-shi, Yama- 
guchi-ken (Nagato 6577) 

-f v 9 

Borchert, Rev. & Mrs. Harold, 
PCUS 6, 1-chome, Kokonoe- 
cho, Gifu-shi (2 4701) 

Rev. & Mrs. Peter, PCM 
Nishino-machi, Naka-cho, 
Kagamigahara-shi, Gifu-ken 

Bor^man, Mrs. Feme, GYF 

Boring, Miss Hannah Ruth, FEAM 




Boschman, Rev. & Mrs. Paul W, 
GCMM -448-3, Hosono, Ko- 
bayashi-shi, Miyazaki-ken 


Best, Miss Ethel, IBC (MC) 
Kwassui Junior College, 16, 
Higashi Yamate-machi, Naga- 
saki-shi (2-6955) 

Bouwman, Mr. & Mrs. Hans, IND 
-2863, Nishihara, Sakura-cho, 
Utsunomiya-shi, Tochigi-ken 

Bowen, Miss Virginia, CBFMS 
20, Hiyori-cho, Ishinomaki-shi, 
Miyagi-ken (2-5288) 

Bower, Miss Esther S., FKK-63- 
1, Showa-cho, Hamadera, Sakai- 
shi, Osaka (Sakai 6-0019) 

Bower, Miss Marian B., FKK 
30, Ochiai, Kurume-machi, Kita- 
tama-gun, Tokyo 
(Tanashi 7-0022) 

Bowman, Miss Isabel M., OMF 
7-jo, 5-chome, Misono, Sapporo- 
shi, Hokkaido 
(Furlough from April 1965) 

Bowman, Rev. & Mrs. John, ALC 
205, Kajiya, Yugawara-machi, 
Kanagawa-ken (3408) 


Boyle, Rev. & Mrs. William P., 
PCUS 27, Nakamaegawa-cho, 
1-chome Tokushima-shi 

Boyles, Mr. Dale, TEAM 

(Furlough until Summer 1965) 

Boyum, Miss Bernice C., ALC - 
3-chome, Nakagawa-cho, Shima- 
da-shi, Shizuoka-ken (2680) 

Bradburn, Mr. & Mrs. C. L., AG 
57, 4-chome, Kita-machi, 
Shinohara, Nada-ku, Kobe 

-f ? -y K ^ - y 

Bradford, Mr. & Mrs. Leo Galen, 
SB Baptist Dormitory, 643, 
Aza Sakashita, Osawa, Mitaka- 
shi, Tokyo 
(Musashino 4-4367) 



Hradshaw, Rev. & Mrs. Melvin 
J., SB -938, Waseda, Ushita- 
machi, Hiroshima-shi 
(2 6898) 

7 r 7v K v" 3 - 

Brady, Mr. & Mrs. John H. Jr., 
PCUS 41, Kumochi-cho, 1- 
chome, Fukiai-ku, Kobe 

7* ix - x -f 

Brandt, Miss A. J. E., JRM -726, 
Yamate-ku, Saiki-shi, Oita-ken 

Brannen, Rev. & Mrs. Noah S., 
ABFMS (Furlough) 

Brannen, Mr. & Mrs. T.A., TEAM 
68, Shoofuu-en, Hiroji-cho, 
Showa-ku, Nagoya 

7 7 V ^ V 

Branstad, Mr. Karl E., PEC 
Rikkyo Daigaku, 3-chome, Ike- 
bukuro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 
(983 0111) 

7 7 V X * v h 

Braun, Rev. & Mrs. Neil, (Mary) 
AAM 34, 4-chome, Hakuro- 
machi, Yonago-shi, Tottori-ken 
4 TM 34 

Bray, Rev. William, Ph. D., & 
Mrs. Frances, IBC(MC)-No. 9, 
Kwansei Gakuin, Nishinomiya- 
shi, Hyogo-ken (5-0476) 

K No. 9 

Bremer, Rev. & Mrs. Joseph 
(Betty), IBC (UCMS) 343, 
Nishi 22-chome, Minami 6-jo, 
Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

Bretach, Mr. & Mrs. V. L., SDA 
164, Onden 3-chome, Shibuya- 
ku, Tokyo (401-1171) 


Breunsbach, Rev. & Mrs. Daniel 

K., LCA 

(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 
Bridgman, Mr. & Mrs. John F., 

PCUS -1927, Ikuno-machi, Zen- 

tsuji-shi, Kagawa-ken 

(Zentsuji 397) 

7* y y $ -7 y 

Brinjferud, Rev. & Mrs. Gote, 
MCCS -360 Aminohama, Oka- 
yama-shi (2 9672) 
lj 1 1 1 1 1 J fiS ?R 360 -7 V v >f >\, K 

Brink, Miss Suzanne H., IBC 
(RCA) 890-1, Aza, Kamino- 
hara, Toroku, Oe-machi, Kuma- 
moto-shi (4 1995) 

^OliTt 1 <V 890 
7 y y ? 



Broman, Mr. & Mrs. David, IND 
Broman, Mr. & Mrs. Paul 
Broman, Mr. Philip 

16, Hachiyaura, Yamoto-cho, 


/ n - -7 y 

Brook, Mr. & Mrs. David, TEAM 
2380, Araya, Miyata-cho, Hi- 
tachi-shi, Ibaragi-ken 

3cfc0rUEfflwr7iis 238 

f fr y 7 

Brooks, Miss Anne Page, IBC 
(MQ Kwassui Junior College, 
16, Higashi Yamate-machi, 
Nagasaki-shi (2-6955) 

Brooks, Mrs. Olive, IBC (MC)- 
Apt. #1, 11, Konno-cho, Shibuya- 
ku, Tokyo (408-1915) 

jKfiHBJftSK&iwr 11 

-7 fr -; 9 7* 

Brown, Miss Dulice E. L., SPG 
827, Kadota-bunka-cho, Oka- 

-f ^ V v 

Brown, Dr. Frank A., Jr., M. D., 
& Mrs., PCUS -21-1696, Taru- 
mi, Suita-shi, Osaka 


-7 7 V V 

Brown, Miss Merrill E., IBC 
(UCC) 25, Nishi-Kusabuka- 
cho, Shizuoka-shi (53-0988) 

Brown, Miss Mildred, IBC (UPC) 
Hokusei Gakuin, Nishi 17- 
chome, Minami 5-jo, Sapporo- 
shi, Hokkaido (22-4276) 
(Furlough Dec. 63-Dec. 64) 

Jt^.l^LKrfrm 5 -:M 17 r^ 


Brown, Mr. & Mrs. Robert E., 
ASC Christ s Children s Home, 
Nagase, Saiki-shi, Oita-ken 

Brown, Mr. Robert L., Jr., IND 

Brown, Miss Thelma J., OMF 
54, Sakae-machi, Itayanagi-cho, 
Kita-Tsugaru-gun, Aomori-ken 
(Furlough until Oct. 1964) 


Browne, Mr. & Mrs. M., IND 

Browning, Mr. & Mrs. Neal, 
TEAM 1-2147, Konohana-cho, 
Sakaide-shi, Kagawa-ken 




Brownlee, Rev. & Mrs. Wallace Brunshweiler, Rev. Walter, IND 

(Helen), IBC (EUB) -4, 1- 
chome, Nishi Yayoi-cho, Toma- 
komai-shi, Hokkaido (3408) 

4t#ii/h#rraHr i TB 4 

-? 7 > v J - 

Bruce, Rev. & Mrs. R. Carrol, 
SB 747, Minamino, Tatsumi- 
Kakiuchi, Itami-shi (3319) 

Bruggen, Rev. & Mrs. Glenn 
(Phyllis), IBC (RCA) 11 of 9, 
Ohori, 2-chome, Fukuoka-shi 

Bruinooge, Rev. & Mrs. Henry, 
CRJM 2151-161, Moto-Furu- 
ichibabun, Fukuoka-machi, Iru- 
ma-gun, Saitama-ken 


Bruner, Rev. & Mrs. Glen Edith, 
ABCC 164, Sakurababa, Naga- 

(3-1121, 2-5913) 

Bruna, Rev. & Mrs. Robert, IBC 
(EUB) 956, Osawa, Mitaka- 
shi, Tokyo 

18, 3-chome, Shin-machi, 
Fuchu-shi, Tokyo 

Brustad, Miss Aslaug, NEOM 
41, Sekifune, Joban-shi, Fuku- 


-, K 

Bruun, Miss Anna, FCM (Assoc) 
(Furlough from May 1964) 

Bryngelson, Miss Berith, MCCS 
Izumiso, 18-2-chome, Shino- 
hara Nakamachi, Nada-ku, Kobe 
^pifTi$Kf&IftW2Tn 18 

y; -yyy y 

Brynte, Mr. & Mrs. Torsten, ECC 

Buckland, Miss Ruth, PCUS 
(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 

Buckwalter, Rev. & Mrs. Ralph 
(Genevieve), JMM -Obihiro- 
shi, Nishi 7-jo, Minami-17, 
Hokkaido (3282) 

17 @ 

Budd, Mr. & Mrs. John, JEM 
3, 4-chome, Shimonakajima, 
Nagaoka-shi, Niigata-ken 




Budd, Mr. & Mrs. Howard, IND 
1565, Sumiyoshi-cho, Abeno-ku, 
Osaka (691-2231) 
*BR7fjRa&8FKT 1565 

* y K 

Buell, Mr. & Mrs. Bart, OMF 
(Furlough until Oct. 1964) 

Burnett, Rev. & Mrs. Larry, 
BBF 160-40, Fukuzumi-cho, 
Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

Burney, Mr. & Mrs. Don (Norma), 
CnC 21, Nakano Otani Noichi- 
cho, Kami-gun, Kochi-ken 

Butler, Rev. Lucius, BGC 475, 
Kushimoto-cho, Nishimuro-gun, 
Wakayama-ken (718) 


Buttray, Mr. & Mrs. Stanley, 
CnC 2-575, Kamiochiai 2- 
chome, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 

2 TF1 575 

Byers, Miss Florence, AG 1-1743, 
Aza Tesaki Sumiyoshi-cho, 
Higashinada-ku, Kobe 


Bush, Dr. & Mrs. Ovid B., Jr. 
PClls - 981-39, Ojinoyama 
Shinohara, Nada-ku, Kobe 


Buss, Mr. & Mrs. Bernard, TEAM 
15-15, 3-chome, Daizawa, Se- 
tagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Il 15-15 

Buss, Mr. & Mrs. Siegfried, 
TEAM 15-15, 3-chome, Dai 
zawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
itt i ( flP Ht m ?f K f ^ 3 T [115-15 

Cain, Rev. & Mrs. Benson, PCUS 
(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 

Cairns, Mr. Ronald S., IND 3, 
Kasuga-cho, Katsura, Ukyo-ku, 

Calcote, Rev. & Mrs. Ralph V., 
SB 27, 3-chome, Otana-cho, 
Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 

%&m^n%wmw 3 rn 27 

* /U 3 - b 

Caldwell, Mrs. S. L., IND 65, 

Wakamatsu-cho, Hakodate-shi, 



Call, Rev. & Mrs. Edward, JCG 
204, Shimomaruko, Ota-ku, 

CarlsHon. Miss Astrid, MCCS 
Ajino, Kojima-shi, Okayama-ken 

Callaway, Rev. Tucker N., Th. D., 
& Mrs., SB-79, Higashida-cho, 
Jodoji, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

Calvery, Mr. & Mrs. Wesley, 
FWBM 70, Mitsuhashi, Bihoro- 
cho, Abashiri-gun, Hokkaido 
(Bihoro 2291) 

(Furlough from Dec. 1964 to 
Jan. 1966) 

ttWMjfemmrHfl 70 

hfr i !J - 

Campbell, Miss Vera, SB-1 1-798, 
Nishishin-machi, Fukuoka 

Cann, Rev. & Mrs. J. A., UPCM 

Cannon, Miss Mary, SB 
(Furlough until April 1965) 

Carey, Rev. & Mrs. E. F. (Jean), 
IBC (UCQ 4 of 7, 5-chome, 
Denenchofu, Ota-ku, Tokyo 

Carlson, Mr. & Mrs. Robert, JEM 
(Furlough until May 1965) 

Carlsson, Rev. & Mrs. Carl, 
(Ake), OMSS 
(Furlough until 1964) 

Carrel, Rev. & Mrs. William L., 
CC 2533, 2-chome, Hon-machi, 
Koganei-shi, Tokyo (8-3796) 
#ffi#W 2 TH 2533 

Carrick, Rev. & Mrs. Malcolm 
(Jean) IBC (UPC) 257, Nagori- 
cho, Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka- 
ken (2-1765) 


Carrico, Mr. & Mrs. Willis, TEC 
1378, Higashimurayama-shi, 

Carroll, Mr. & Mrs. Joseph, IND 
2252, Karuizawa-machi, Naga 


Carroll, Miss Sallie, IBC (MC) 
Seiwa Joshi Daigaku, Okada- 
yama, Nishinomiya-shi, Hyogo- 
ken (5 0709) 



( arson, Miss Virginia M, IBC 
(Furlough 1964-65) 

Carter, Mr. & Mrs. Ted (Joyce), 
CBFMS -137, 2-chome, Ma- 
bashi, Suginami-ku, Tokyo 
(311 6081) 


Carter, Rev. & Mrs. Anthony A., 
IBC (UCBWM) 8 of 6, 1- 
chome, Oji Hon-cho, Kita-ku, 
Tokyo (911-5262) 


Cary, Mr. O. & Mrs. (Dr.) (Alice), 

(Furlough from Jan. 1964 to 
Jan. 1965) 

Casson, Rev. & Mrs. Eric W., MS 
194-3, Yamashita-dori, Naka- 
ku, Yokohama (68-3792) 
Si 194-3 

Cederholm, Miss Margit, TEAM 
1603, Omiya-cho, Suginami- 
ku, Tokyo (311 0204) 

&iM#&P?;*;?W 1603 

-fe ^ * fr A 

Cessna, Rev. & Mrs. William, WM 
11, Nakamaru-cho, Itabashi- 
ku, Tokyo (955-5401) 

Chamberlain, Rev. & Mrs. David 
M., SPG 541, 3-chome, Juji- 
machi, Odawara-shi, Kanagawr- 
ken (Odawara 22-8026) 

541 *v*yx*l/>f y 

Chamberlain, Miss Phyllis, TEAM 
1190, Karuizawa-machi, Naga 


Chandler, Miss Mary F., SPG 
1046, Hiratsuka 7-chome, Shina- 
gawa-ku, Tokyo (781-4736) 
(will retire end of 1964) 
^OT5M?iJIIKW7T0 1046 

* * y K 9 - 

Chandler, Mr. & Mrs. Raymond, 
TEAM 30, Ochiai, Kurume- 
machi, Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
(Tanashi 7-0022) 
^OT.|bS&f!B&f?2W$? a 30 

* * y K 9 - 

Chandler, Rev. & Mrs. Vernon 
(Marian), ABWE P. O. Box 
393 Kobe, 11, Nakajima-dori, 
3-chome, Fukiai-ku, Kobe 

* * y K 7 

Chapman, Rev. & Mrs. G. K. 
(Katharine), IBC (UPC) 2850, 
Sanno 1-chome, Omori, Ota-ku, 
Tokyo (771-0455) 

JfCMfcfcffl K^:^ ai 5 IT n 2850 



Chase, Mr. & Mrs. Manley, TEAM 
106, 2-chome, Nakai-cho, 
Matsudo-shi, Chiba-ken 


Childere, Miss Loeta, UMI 


Chinnock, Mr. & Mrs. E. R., SDA 
-164, Onden 3-chome, Shibu- 
ya-ku, Tokyo (401-1171) 
ff!fB&SKBffi3TE 164 

3-S v 9 

Chisholm, Mr. & Mrs. John M., 
OMF-49, Sawada, Tsukuri- 
michi, Aomori-shi 

Chrisander, Miss Greta, SFM 

Chriatensen, Rev. & Mrs. Ernest, 
CMSJ -382, Sakawamachi, Oda- 
wara-shi, Kanagawa-ken 
(Odawara 47 3283) 
Wlll tt hffl!rfjn*{jfflT 382 

^ y x 7- v -t v 

ChriHtenson, Miss L., ACPC 57, 
Akasaka-cho, 5-chome, Chigusa- 
ku, Nagoya 


Christopher-son, Miss Lois, JEM 
3, 4-chome, Shimonakajima, 
Nagaoka-shi, Niigata-ken 

! Clark, Dr. C. F., Jr., M. D., & Mrs., 
SB (Furlough until June 65) 

Clark, Rev. & Mrs. Gene A., SB 
195, Nishishin-machi, Fukuoka- 
shi (82-8116) 


Clark, Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth W., 
HSEF -8, 3-chome, Nakamura, 
Nerima-ku, Tokyo (991-6449) 

Clark, Mr. & Mrs. Martin 
(Evelyn), CnC 31, Nakamiya- 
cho, 6-chome, Asahi-ku, Osaka 

9 *7-9 

Clark, Miss Thelma, TEAM 
1433, 2-chome Setagaya, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo (420-3166) 

9 =i - ? 

Clark, Rev. & Mrs. W. A., AG - 
1069, Kami Hoya, Hoya-machi, 
Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 

1069 ^ ? - t 

Clark, Mr. & Mrs. W. T., SDA 
164, Onden 3-chome, Shibuya- 
ku, Tokyo (401 1171) 

3 rn 164 



Clark, Mr. & Mrs. William E., 
IND (Furlough) 

Clarke, Rev. Coleman D., Th. D., 
& Mrs., SB 1-18, Kamiyama- 
cho, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 

? y ~ ? 

Clarke, Miss Elizabeth, IBC(MC) 
11, Konno-cho, Shibuya-ku, 
Tokyo (408-1914) 

m^jfar^B^K^OT n 

9 y ~ V 

Clarke, Miss Eunice G., JEB 
c/o Mr. Izumi, Aza Shimazaki, 
Miyazu-shi, Kyoto 

Classen, Misses Ann & Martha, 
(Furlough March 1964-65) 

Clayton, Rev. David W. H., SSJE 
331, Koyama, Kurume-machi, 
Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
(on furlough to Dec. 1964) 

jKfWb*i^s#nr/.hUi 331 

9 ix 4 h y 

Clemens, Rev. & Mrs. A. J,, NTC 
P. O. Box 2, Mizuho-machi, 
Nishitama-gun, Tokyo 

Clench, Miss M., MSCC-4402 
Baba-cho, Ueda-shi, Nagano-ken 


Clevenger, Miss Janice, RSF 
c/o Friends Center, 14, 1-chome, 
Mita-daimachi, Minato-ku, 

Tokyo (451-0804) 

-t y $ 

Clift, Miss Annie Sue, SB 22, 
Kami Ikeda-cho, Kitashirakawa, 
Sakyo-ku, Kyoto (78-5777) 

stmaKdbajMfflw 22 

9 W \ 

Clugston, Rev. & Mrs. D. A., 
MSCC 6-40-3, Kamokogahara, 
Sumiyoshi, Higashi Nada-ku, 
Kobe (85-1678) 

wmmnKft^m^ic 3 (D 

40 O 6 

9 ^ y ?^ h y 

Clyde, Mr. Arthur, LCA 484-4, 
Atago-cho, Nagasaki-shi 

Coates, Rev. & Mrs. E. D., AGB 
2037, Shinohara-cho, Kohoku- 
ku, Yokohama 




Coates, Rev. Thomas, Th. D. 
MSL - Room. 304, Mejirodai 
Apt., 55, Sekiguchidai-machi, 
Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (941-7155) 

3 -7 

-- b No. 304 

Cobb, Rev. & Mrs. J. B., IBC(MC) 
(Pre-retirement furlough 1964- 

Cole, Mr. & Mrs. Harold, (Leone) , 
CnC 1014, Higashi-Yama, 
Kuge-Yama, Ono-shi, Ilyogo- 

t 1014 

Coleman, Miss Anita, SB 11- 
798, Nishishin-machi, Fukuoka- 

Colling, Miss Grace, IND 112-1, 

Terakawado-cho, Mizunami-shi, 

K^IBfl&OTj^fcJpfflr IT! ! 112 
3 y y x 

Collins, Mr. & Mrs. Jacob F., 

OBS -2-4547, Nakato Mura- 

yama-machi, Kitatama-gun, 

Collins, Mrs. Mary 30, Ochiai, 
Kurume-machi, Kitatama-gun, 
Tokyo (Tanashi 7-0022) 

Colston, Miss Augusta B., PCUS 
41, Kumochi-cho, 1-chome, 
Fukiai-ku, Kobe (22-1656) 

3 A- ^ h V 

Compton, Miss Patricia, PEC - 
20, 1-chome, Shironouchi-dori, 
Nada-ku, Kobe 


Conrad, Rev. & Mrs. Stanley, 
EFCM 34, Sandan Nagamachi, 
Matsugasaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

3 v 7 v K 

Cook, Mr. & Mrs. Don, OMF 
344- B Seijo-machi, Setagaya-ku, 
Tokyo (416-1934) 

9 v 9 

Cook, Mr. Bill -Beteru House, 
1178, Shindo, Karuizawa-machi, 
Nagano- ken 

Cooper, Miss June, SB 1-433, 1- 
chome, Ohno-machi, Ichikawa- 
shi, Chiba-ken (2-6071) 

1 T0 433-1 



Coote, Rev. & Mrs. Leonard W., 
FEAM -Ikoma, Nara-ken 

Cox, Mr. & Mrs. Ralph, TEAM 
735, 4-chome Setagaya, Seta 
gaya-ku, Tokyo (420-2533) 


Cornelius, Miss Dorothy C., OMF 
5, 4-chome, Denenchofu, Ota- 
ku, Tokyo 

Corl, Rev. & Mrs. Javan, IBC 
(EUB) 16-3, Tatemukai, Ueda, 
Morioka-shi, Iwate-ken 

Corwin, Mr. & Mrs. Charles, TEC 

Courtney, Mr. & Mrs. Richard, 
TEAM 15-15, 3-chome, Dai- 
zawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

3- - 

Cowan, Mr. Ray, IND -Jurinji, 
Osa, Sanada, Chiisagata-gun, 

# 7 y 

Cowdray, Miss Freda L., CMS 
2-7, 4-chome, Daizawa-cho, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

3 - K 

Cox, Rev. & Mrs. Theodore O., 
SB 5-22, 2-chome, Kamokoga- 
hara, Sumiyoshi, Higashi-Nada- 
ku, Kobe 

WP ru -&m K{^K 2 r a 


^7 y ^^ 

Cox, Rev. & Mrs. Samuel (Rima), 
IBC (MC) 116, Aoyama 
Minami-cho, 6-chome, Minato- 
ku, Tokyo (408-1908) 

Craig, Miss Mildred, WUMS 
10-3, 2-chome, Himonya, 
Meguro-ku, Tokyo 


I Craighill, Rev. & Mrs. L. R., Jr., 
PEC Momoyama Gakuin Dai- 
gaku, 5-3, Naka Showa-machi, 
Abeno-ku, Osaka (621-1181) 
Office (Sakai-shi 7-2538) 
n fn 3-5 

Crawford, Ms. & Mrs. Coy, IND 
16, Hachiyaura, Yamoto- 
machi, Miyagi-ken 


9 p -7 isr - K 



Crawford, Rev. & Mrs. Vernon 
Kobe Union Church, 34, 
4-chome, Ikuta-cho, Fukiai-ku, 
Kobe (22-4733) 

Creer, Rev. & Mrs. Ray, BMMJ 
21, Ban-cho, Shiroishi-shi, 

9 D -T 

Crenshaw, Mr. Joseph, AG 
Christian Children s Home 
Hondo-shi, Kumamoto-ken 

Crew, Miss Angie, IBC(UCBWM) 
(Pre-retirement Furlough) 

Crowley, Mr. & Mrs. Dale, IND 
P. O. Box 3, Arakawoi-machi, 
Tsuchiura-shi, Ibaragi-ken 

Cullen, Mr. & Mrs. K.R., CLC 
3509, Kita Oizumi-machi, Neri- 
ma-ku, Tokyo (291-1775) 
(Furlough from Feb. 1965) 

Culpepper, Rev. Robert H., Th.D., 
& Mrs., SB-423, Hoshiguma, 
Fukuoka-shi (82-1196) 

Cundiff, Mr. William S., IBC 
(UCBWM) 60, Kozenji-dori, 
Sendai, Miyagi-ken 

Cunningham, Eloise, IND 77, 
Azabu Kogai-cho, Minato-ku, 

(Home: 401-3386) 
(Office : 291-8326) 

Cunningham, Rev. & Mrs. Robert 
E., LCA 

(Furlough from June 1964 to 
Sept. 65) 

Currie, Mr. & Mrs. Jim, IND 
348, Hanezawa-cho, Kanagawa- 
ku, Yokohama 

Curry, Miss Olive, IBC (MC) 
Kassui Jr. College, 16, Higashi, 
Yamate-machi, Nagasaki-shi 

Curtin, Miss Esther, IND 36, 
Nagakura-cho, Nishi 7-jo, 
Shimokyo-ku, Kyoto 

- T j 



Dale, Mr. & Mrs. Daniel, TEAM 
-175, 4-chome, Aza Nagamine- 
yama, Oishi, Nada-ku, Kobe 


Dale, Rev. & Mrs. Kenneth, LCA 
921, 2-chome Saginomiya, 
Nakano-ku, Tokyo (385-8617) 

Dator, Mr. James A., Ph. D., & 
Mrs., PEC c/o Rikkyo Dai- 
gaku, Ikebukuro 3-chome, 
Toshima-ku, Tokyo (983 0111) 

Davidson, Commissioner, Chas., 
SA 17, 2-chome, Kanda Jimbo- 
cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 

3&m HtEDKWfflWW 2-17 

T t* -; \- y V 

Davidson, Mr. & Mrs. Jack, CMA 
90-4, Nagamineyama, Oishi, 
Nada-ku, Kobe (86-4179) 
WFmilEW5^*llJ 4-90 

f \ y h y v 

Davidson, Rev. & Mrs. Lewis, 
ALC 11, Umezono-cho, 1-cho- 
me, Okazaki-shi, Aichi-ken 


t* v h y v 

Davidson, Miss Maj., SAMJ c/ 
Swedish School, 2481, Aza 
Onuma, Sagamihara-shi, Kana- 
ft^JIIJiMiJilCffi^ffl 2481 

7. -> x r ^r -^ ^ ^ ^ - ^ [^ 

r t* v b v y 

Davidson, Rev. & Mrs. Merwvn 
Floyd (Betty Lou), IBC (EUB) 
c/o S. Kagawa, Okura, 
Machida-shi, Tokyo 

T-* t* -y h y y 

Davies, Miss Bernice F., Ph. D.. 
IBC (UCBWM) Kobe Jogaku- 

in, Okadayama, Nishinomiya- 
shi, Hyogo-ken (5-1020) 

Davis, Miss Carnella, WEC 
Hachiman-Nakayama-cho, Na- 
gahama-shi, Shiga-ken 

Davis, Rev. & Mrs. F~rancis A., 
QMS -1648, Megurita, Higashi- 
Murayama-shi, Tokyo 


Davis, Rev. & Mrs. Glen 
(Joyce), PCC 13, Aoba-cho, 
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo (408-0305) 




Davis, Rev. & Mrs. H., CN -P.O. 
Box 2, Yotsu Kaido, Imba-gun, 
Chiba-ken (Yotsukaido 347) 

Davis, Mr. & Mrs. Howard (Ka- 
thryn), CnC 
(Furlough from May 1964) 

Davis, Rev. & Mrs. Jim, AG - 
160-4-chome, Nagamineyama, 
Nada-ku, Kobe (86-3149) 
(Furlough September 1964) 

DC Camp, Miss Grace, TEAM 
75, 2-chome, Hatsuda-cho, Taka- 
yama-shi Gifu-ken 


DeFriend, Miss Myra, FEGC 
111, Hakuraku, Kanagawa-ku, 
Yokohama (49-9017) 

Deffner, Mr. & Mrs. Walter, MSL 
49, 3-chome, Matsunami-cho, 

7* 1 v v K 

Dcgelman, Rev. & Mrs. O. R., 
TEAM-350, 2-chome, Hon- 
moku, Naka-ku, Yokohama 


Degerman, Miss Bessie, TEAM 
15-15, 3-chome, Daizawa, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 


Dawkins, Rev. & Mrs. C. B. ! 
Charles. LCA 
(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 

De Berdt, Michiel, CRJM 7- 
1463, 1-chome, Narashino, Funa- 
bashi-shi, Chiba-ken 
(Yobidashi 7-4210) 

!Pf IT Fl 1463-7 i 

DeLong, Lelah, TEAM- 15-15, 3- 
chome, Daizawa, Setagaya-ku, 

15 15 

r -f P v 

Derksen, Rev. & Mrs. Peter, 
GCMM 10853, Kamezaki, 
Hyuga-shi, Miyazaki-ken 


DeSha/er, Rev. & Mrs. Jacob 
(Florence) JFM 
(Furlough until March 1965) 

Dessau, Miss Dorothy, (PEC) - 
913, Miyakawa-machi, Shimo- 
gamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 



Deter, Miss Virginia, IBC (UPC) 
Hokuriku Gakuin, 10, Kami 
Kakinokibatake, Kanazawa-shi 


Dever, Miss Susan Melody IBC 
(UCC) 25, Nishi Kusabuka- 
cho, Shizuoka-shi (53-0988) 

T -X 7 ~ 

DeViney, Mr. & Mrs. Robert, 

(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 

de Vore, Mr. & Mrs. Michael 
(Carolee), Tokyo Union Church, 
Apt. D., 36, Kita Higakubo- 
cho, Azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo 
(Office-Church 401-1942) 

7 *-- h D f- ^ T 

Dexter, Mr. & Mrs. Albert, IND 
88, Kusugaoka, Takaha, Nada- 
ku, Kobe 

T 9 * ? - 

De Young, Rev. & Mrs. John, 
ALC 55, Oiwa-cho, Shizuoka- 
shi (52-0517) 

8Wrti*enr 55 

7- -v y y 

Dick, Miss Cornelia, PCUS 
(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 

Dick, Mr. & Mrs. R. H., IND 
111, Oike, Yamada-cho, Hyogo- 
ku, Kobe 

wprtmiSKiiiffliHr^tii in 

7- A y 9 

Dickerson, Miss Barbara, IBC 
(MC) Interboard House, 2, 
Higashi Toriizaka-machi, Aza 
bu, Minato-ku, Tokyo 

>;rvW3Kjfmfj[Hj 2 

-f v z -,-!-:- F 

Dickinson, Rev. & Mrs. R. F. 
(Mary), IBC (UCMS) 
(Furlough 1964-1965) 

Dievendorf, Mrs. Anne, CMA 
Minami Horibata, Matsuyama- 
shi, Ehime-ken (2-1009) 

T -f ? i ^ K ^ 9 
Dill, Rev. & Mrs. Tolbert, CPC 
3366-3, Minami Rinkan, Yamato- 
shi, Kanagawa-ken 

Dillard, Miss Mary, OEM 1816, 
Teuchi, Shimokoshiki-machi, 
Satsuma-gun, Kagoshima-ken 

^BSim#iFFffiBr3M7 1816 
T -c 7 - K 

Dillon, Rev. & Mrs. Alan, FEGC 
2-11, Minami Kubo-cho, 
Kawagoe-shi, Saitama-ken 



Dillon, Miss Florence, IND 

Dixon, Miss E. Joan, CMS Poole 
Gakuin, 5-chome, Katsuyama- 
dori, Ikuno-ku, Osaka 

Dozier, Rev. & Mrs. Edwin B., 
SB -421, Hoshiguma, Fukuoka- 
shi (82-9446) 

T -Y 9 V V 

Dodge, Miss Judith, IBC (MC) 
Keimei Jogakuin, 35, 4-chome, 
Nakayamate-dori, Ikuta-ku, 
Kobe (22-7230) 

Dozier, Mrs. C. K., SB 421, 
Hoshiguma, Fukuoka-shi 

Draper, Rev. & Mrs. William F., 
PEC -8, Motokaji-cho, Sendai- 
shi, Miyagi-ken (22-4684) 

K v * 

Dollinger, Miss Marion, IND 
4406, Futatsuya-cho, Adachi-ku, 

K !/- <- 

Driskill, Rev. J. Lawrence, & 
Mrs. Lillian, IBC (UPC) 1, 
Takezono-cho, Suita-shi, Osaka 

K ]) v ft K \) 

Miss Delia, RSF Drivstuen, Miss Dagny, NLM- 


Friends Girls School, 30, Koun- 
cho, Shiba, Minato-ku, Tokyo 

46, Motodaiku-machi, Tottori- 
shi (3265) 

Ksv* ! 

Dornon, Rev. & Mrs. Ivan 
(Eleanor), IBC (MC)-6, Dai 
no Hara-Shita, Sendai-shi, Mi- 
yagi-ken (34 0015) 

K - 1- v 

Douglas, Miss Leona, (IBC) UCC 
15, 4-chome, Miyamae-cho, 
Kofu-shi, Yamanashi-ken 


Dudley, Rev. & Mrs. Dwight N., 
SB Central P.O. Box 93, Naha, 
Okinawa (099 2564) 

^ v K u >r 

Duglias, Mr. Rederick B., Ph. D., 
& Mrs. PEC - International 
Christian University, 1500, 
Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 
(3 3131) 



Dumond, Mr. & Mrs. Wesley, 
TEAM --15-15, 3-chome, Dai- 
zawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

j&JCIPtraSKfWSTS 15 ^ 15 
-r *-*v K 

Duncan, Mr. & Mrs. William 
(Betty), CBFMS -c./o Seisho 
Tosho Kankokai, P. O. Box 66, 
Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken 

MM Mflllt? ill $ W & , } ffi 66 

Dueck, Miss Agnes, GCMM 
5330, Namiki, Kamikawa, 
I ligashi-machi, Miyakonojo-shi, 

titii WM (if iW 1 1 II; 5330 

K V * y 9 

Dunkle, Mr. Lee, IBC (UCBWM) 
-8, Kita Shiba-cho, Shimogamo, 
Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

Dyson, Miss Mary, JEB 15, 
Otani, Oasa-cho, Itano-gun, 

Eagle, Mr. & Mrs. Charles, TEAM 
35, Ote-machi, Shimizu-shi, 

Ebinger, Deaconess Frieda, MAR- 
LCM 72, 1-chome, Higashi 
Naruo-cho, Nishinomiya-shi, 

IT 1372 

^ I Eddy, Rev. & Mrs. William D., 

Dupree, Kev. & Mrs. Charles J., 
OMS -5-3-chome, Asahigaoka, 
Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken 
(34 1559) 

PEC Nishi 5-chome, Kita 
15- jo, Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

Edgerton, Miss Daisy, IBC 

Dyck, Miss Anna, GCMM 
(Furlough until March 1965) 

Dyck, Miss Susan, CMA- Hon- 
machi, Shobara-shi, Hiba-gun, 

r -f v 

(UCMS) 8 of 6, 1-chome, Oji- 
Honcho, Kita-ku, Tokyo 

i TP 6-8 

Ediger, Rev. & Mrs. Ferd, GCMM 
(Furlough until Summer 1965) 



Edwards, Miss Lorna B., OMF - 
20, Taga-cho, Aza, Mikasa-shi, 

* K7-X 

Eggen, Rev. & Mrs. Egil, NMS 
32, Teraguchi-cho, Nada-ku, 
Kobe (852878) 

J- -y V V 

Ehnle, Mr. & Mrs. Willis R., ACC 
1384, Kaneko-machi, Chofu- 
shi, Tokyo 
JKiittPSIflJrfi&W 1384 

a V J - 

Eijderkvut, Mr. & Mrs. John 
(Gun), ECC 35, Toyoura, 
Kuroiso-machi, Tochigi-ken 

Eikamp, Rev. & Mrs. Arthur, CG 
161-2, Nishi-machi, Mondo, 
Nishinomiya-shi, Hyogo-ken 

Eimon, Rev. & Mrs. Harold, ALC 
347, Sumiyoshi-cho, Kami- 
kanuki, Numazu-shi, Shizuoka- 
ken (2-6787) 


Eitel, Dr. K. F., M. D., LM 23, 
1-chome, Shoto, Shibuya-ku, 
Tokyo (467-8960) 

^ 23 

Elda, Sister Magdalene, IND 
(PEC) 95, Tamade Shimizu 
Odawara, Sendai-shi, Miyagi- 
ken (3-7354) 

Elder, Rev. William M. & Mrs. 
Irene, IBC (MQ 511, Nishi- 
machi, 3-chome, Tottori-shi 

Ellefson, Mrs. Esther, ALC-45-7, 
Tama-machi, 2-chome, Fuchu- 
-shi, Tokyo (3815) 
SC&iWff tlrfj^JWr 2 TP 45-7 
* i/ ^ y y 

Elliott, Rev. & Mrs. Wm. I., 
ABFMS-Kanto Gakuin Uni 
versity, Mutsuura, Kanazawa- 
ku, Yokohama (70-9601) 

Ellis, Rev. & Mrs. Andrew B., 
LCA 35, Suizenji-Honmachi, 
Kumamoto-shi (4 0036) 

Elmer, Miss Ruth, IBC (EUB)- 
72, Sashigaya-cho, Bunkyo-ku, 
Tokyo (811-5516) 



Elzinjja, Miss Alice, IBC (RCA) 
Baiko Jogakuin, 1854, Maru- 
yama-cho, Shimonoseki-shi, 

Emanuel, Rev. & Mrs. Wayne E., 
SB (Furlough until June 65) 

Emily, Rev. & Mrs. Ronald, MSL 
30-23, 1-chome, Tomigaya, 
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 

Engeman, Rev. & Mrs. Harry, 
CMSJ 1068, 3-chome, Matsu- 
bara-machi, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Engholm, Mr. & Mrs. Duane, 
FEGC 111, Hakuraku, Kana- 
gawa-ku, Yokohama 

J- V ,-h A 

Enloe, Rev. & Mrs. W. Winton, 
Jr., PCUS-451, Higashi-Senda- 
machi, Hiroshima-shi 

Enns, Rev. & Mrs. Robert, MBM 
101-3, Ueno 2-chome, Toyo- 
naka-shi, Osaka 


Eraker, Rev. & Mrs. Anders, 
NMS 12, Inyo-machi, Nara-shi 

Ericson, Rev. & Mrs. Wilbert, 

(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 

Eriksson, Miss Astrid, SFM 648, 
Tsurumi-cho, Tsurumi-ku, 

Yokohama (50-2433) 

j- y 9 v ^ 

Eriksson, Miss Linnea, OMSS 
42, 1-chome, Yamashiro-cho, 
Yao-shi, Osaka (2-8053) 

:BJfrAMrfTUiW 1 TR 42 

j. ij ^ y v 

Eriksson, Mr. & Mrs. Paul, SEMJ 
37-232, Wanishi-machi, Muro- 
ran-shi, Hokkaido 
(Muroran 6675) 


Eskildsen, Rev. & Mrs. Edward, 
ALC 18, Mukaiyama, Dai- 
machi, Toyohashi-shi, Aichi-ken 

J- X ^ /L- K -t V 

Essenburg, Mr. & Mrs. Martin, 
CRJM c/o Christian Academy 
in Japan, 30, Ochiai, Kurume- 
machi, Kitama-gun, Tokyo 



Ettlingr, Mr. & Mrs. Adalbert, 
LM Oiso 1661, Oiso-machi, 

Everett, Miss Oreta, PRM Kobe- 
shi, Port P. O. Box 589 

Swing, Miss Hettie Lee, CC -739, 
Nakada, Shizuoka-shi 

Exum, Mrs. Essie, Eiko Yochien, 
1794, Ooka-machi, Minami-ku, 


Faber, Mr. & Mrs Ernest (Neva), 
CnC 14-2, Minami 21-chome, 
Obihiro-shi, Hokkaido 

Fadel, Rev. & Mrs. Allen, TEAM 
15-15, 3-chome, Daizawa, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Fagre, Rev. & Mrs Ivan, ALC 
921, 2-chome, Saginomiya, 
Nakano-ku, Tokyo (385-5737) 

7 r ? J - 

Fairfield, Mr. & Mrs. John F., 
(Betty), IBC (UCBWM)-921, 
Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 
(Musashino 3 9324) 

7 * 7 7 -f - /U K 

Fanger, Mr. & Mrs. C. V., IND 
16, Hachiyaura, Yamoto- 
machi, Monoo-gun, Miyagi-ken 
^TttPltft^iB^^fflT^^fS 16 

7 r vrt 

Fanger, Mr. Richard, IND 16, 
Hachiyaura, Yamoto-machi, 
Monoo-gun, Miyagi-ken 
ffim&iB*:*SJS 16 

7 TV if - 

Paris, Miss Eleanor, RPM P. O. 
Box 822, Kobe (22-8386) 

Farrell, Mr. & Mrs. R. A., IND 
9, Daikyo-machi, Shinjuku-ku, 

7 r - v >\< 

Farris, Rev. Theron V., Th. D. 
& Mrs., SB 
(Furlough until May 1966) 



Farthing, Rev. & Mrs. Earl D., Fielder, Mr. & Mrs. L. Gerald, 
SB P. O. Box 61, Nagasaki- SB 11-798, Nishishin-machi, 
shi (2-8211) Fukuoka-shi (2-8426) 

-7 r - * -f V ? 7 * fr#- 

Fast, Rev. & Mrs. M. Marvin, Fieldhouse, Mr. & Mrs. Marvin 

ACPC-11, 3-chome, Tsukiga- L. (Iris), WRPL 3704, Karui- 

oka, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya zawa-machi, Nagano-ken 

Feely, Miss (Rev.) Gertrude, 
Ed. D., IBC (MQ Christian 
Youth Center, Mikage-cho, 
Higashi Nada-ku, Kobe 

Feil, Rev. & Mrs. Paul H., LCA 
(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 

Fenger, Mr. & Mrs. Emil, SCD 
Shin Rei San, Misawa, Yama- 
zaki, Fukuroi-shi, Shizuoka-ken 
(Okazaki 100) 

Fenner, Mr. Charlie W., SB 
(Furlough until March 1965) 

Fensorae, Miss Alice, JFM 
(Furlough until 1965) 

Fhager, Miss Gunhild, MCCS 
360, Aminohama, Okayama-shi 
(2 9672) 

|$ 1 1 litter* 360 7-r-Y^ 

Finch, Rev. & Mrs. Bobby, BBF 
P. O. Box 30, Ota-shi, Gunma- 

ken (6355) 

IftJim^fflrfTiSM^Mffi 30 n 

7 4\S* 

Finnseth, Rev. & Mrs. Per 
(Synnove), NLM 121, Soto 
Nakabara-cho, Matsue-shi. 

Shimane-ken (2-5618) 


Fisch, Rev. & Mrs. Edwin W. , 
TEAM c/o Mr. Masaichi 
Sekino, 3119, Oi Kashima-cho, 
Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 

Fish, Mr. & Mrs. Carl (Grace), 
CnC 163, Yamate-cho, Ashiya- 
shi, Hyogo-ken 


see europe 

From medievol castles to modern 
ortmuseums you enjoy it all in 
Europe. And you enjoy it even 
more when you start in Copen 
hagen gay gateway to Pleasant 
Scandinavia and Europe as a 

Ask your travel agent for copies 
of the SAS Copenhagen leaflets. 
Ask, too, for your copies of the 
SAS "See Europe" and "Plea 
sant Scandinavia" Travel Planners 
they re crammed with exciting 
information on suggested fours 
and sights ! 

It s modern to flu SAS 

World-wide General Sales Agent for THAI Airways International 


Tel: 231-5161 Tel: 202-4753 Tel: 55-5131 Tel: 4-6050 Tel: 2-1231 

460 B 





World-Wide BanKing Services 




148 Branches in Key Cities throughout Japan 


New York Agency - Hong Kong Branch 
London Branch Karachi Representative Office 

460 C 


Here at home and around the world Bank of America 
men-on-the-spot can help you do business more effectively. 
Locally we provide a broad range of banking services for 
business - financing for importers and exporters, foreign 
exchange, credit and trade information. Other men-on- 
the-spot will furnish these services wherever you do 
business abroad. We invite you to discuss your banking 
needs with us. 






Head Office 55 Wall Street 
Uptown Headquarters 399 Park Avenue 

Partners in Progress 



No. 4, 2-chome, Otemachi, Chiyoda-ku 
(Tel. No. 211-1781) 

Yokohama No. 74-A Yamashitacho, Naka-ku 

(Tel. No. 68-7641/5) 


No. 35 Kitahama 5-chome, Higashi-ku 
(Tel. No. 231-9671/8) 


No. 16 Kuwanacho 4-chome, Naka-ku 
(Tel. No. 23-7451/5) 


Camp Zama Office 
Iwakuni Office 



Fisher, Mr. & Mrs. Hubert E., 
OMF 1-chome, Izumi-machi, 
Akabira-shi, Hokkaido 

Fisher, Miss Penelope A., MSCC 
- c/o Kyoku Center, 17, Nishi 
17-chome, Minami 14-jo, Sap- 
poro-shi, Hokkaido 


Fisk, Mr. & Mrs. Gerald H. BGC 
Izumi, Owase-shi, Mie-ken 

Fitzwilliam, Mr. & Mrs. John, 
FEGC 30, Ochiai, Kurume- 
machi, Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
(Tanashi 71 0022) 

^JH^jk^s AW w& -fr so 

-7 1 / -/ > < \) 7 A 

Flach, Rev. & Mrs. Richard 
(Judith), IBC(MC) 12, Hachi- 
yama, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 

m*j(Wjix#iii 12 

-7 =7- ? 

Flaherty, Mr. & Mrs. Theodore 
E. (Mary), IBC (RCA) 37, 
Yamate-cho, Naka-ku, Yoko 
hama (64-1183) 

Flanagan, Mr. & Mrs. Scott C. 
(Patricia), IBC (UCBWM) 41, 
Uwa-cho, Komegafukuro, Sen- 
dai-shi, Miyagi-ken (23-3237) 

Fleenor, Mr. & Mrs. Julius 
(Virginia), CnC 1146, Shimo 
Ochiai 3-chome, Shinjuku-ku, 
Tokyo (951-6025) 

**C*fflSKTiS^ 3 T0 H46 

7 D - )- ~ 

Fleischman, Miss Lorraine, 
CBFMS 20, Hiyori-cho, Ishino- 
maki-shi, Miyagi-ken 
(2 5288) 

Fleischmann, Deaconess Babett, 
MAR-LCM 72, 1-chome, 
Higashi Naruo, Nishinomiya- 
shi, Hyogo-ken 
iC-mW^ffiMmiHj 1 TR 72 

"7 7 ^ -; -y ?.-? V 

Fleming, Rev. & Mrs. Emery 
(Taka), ffiC (UPC)- 141, Hei- 
raku, Minami-ku, Yokohama 

7 v i v y 

Flewelling, Mr. & Mrs. William, 
(Esther), AAM -18, Kudegaya- 
cho, Nishinomiya-shi, Hyogo- 

7 tv 



Flowers, Miss E. Maurine, OMF 
49, Sawada, Tsukurimachi, 

7 9 7 X 

Flynn, Rev. & Mrs. Stanley, BBF 
656-15, Nitona-cho, Chiba-shi 
-T-HrfTpHr 15-656 

7 y v 

Fontnote, Dr. Audrey, M. D., SB 
20-21, Kami Ikeda-cho, Kita- 
shirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 


b / ~ b 

Ford, Rev. & Mrs. Einar, EFCM 
1892, Moto-machi, Kasukabe- 
shi, Saitama-ken 
(Kasukabe 2764) 

7 * - K 

Ford, Mr. & Mrs. Sharrel, IND 
2659, Noborito, Kawasaki-shi, 

Foreman, Miss Alice, CBFMS 
26-5, Izumigaoka, Shiogama-shi, 
Miyagi-ken (2-4611) 

rlTll * 5 (D 26 

Forsbergr, Miss Ruth, TEAM 
75, 2-chome, Hatsuda-cho, Taka- 
yama-shi, Gifu-ken 

2 T0 75 

Forster, Mr. & Mrs. Fred, CN 
2301, Mikasa, Karuizawa-machi > 
Kitasaku-gun, Nagano-ken 
(Karuizawa 2579) 

2301 7 ^ ^, if 

Foss, Miss Eleanor M., CMS 
(Furlough until Jan. 1965) 

Foss, Miss Marit, NLM 633, 
Kawasaki, Tsuyama-shi, Oka- 


Foster, Mr. Dennis, IND 1882, 
Nishi Terao-machi, Kanagawa- 
ku, Yokohama 

Foster, Miss Elaine & Miss Emily, 
495, Kami-Akatsuka-machi, 
Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 

Foster, Miss Mary, IBC (MC) 
11, Konno-cho, Shibuya-ku, 
Tokyo (408-1814) 

Foster, Mr. & Mrs. Robert 
(Phyllis), IBC (MC) 7-chome, 
Nishi 2-jo, Tsukisappu, Sapporo- 
shi, Hokkaido 

2 %. i r a 



Foulke, Miss Eliza A., RSF 

14, 1-chome, Mita Daimachi, 

Minato-ku, Tokyo (451-0804) 

J&flfflS&KHffl^nr 1 TS 14^ 

7 *-9 

Fowler, Miss Mary, FEGC 
(Furlough from June 1964 to 
June 1965) 

Fox, Rev. & Mrs. Roger, FEGC 
1736, Katayama, Niiza-machi, 
Kita Adachi-gun, Saitama-ken 
(Tanashi 71-1625) 

3Em4bfiiMmaj 1735 

7 * v 9 * 

Foxwell, Rev. & Mrs. Phillip R., 
JPM 273, 1-chome, Horinouchi, 
Suginami-ku, Tokyo 

Francey, Rev. & Mrs. Jack, IFG 
941, Higashi Oizumi, Nerima- 
ku, Tokyo 

Francis, Miss Mabel, CMA 
Minami Horibata, Matsuyama- 
shi, Ehime-ken (2-1009) 

Frazier, Rev. & Mrs. George, 
IND 1700-1, Kokubu-machi, 

Kurume-shi, Fukuoka-ken 

7 =j y \s * 

Franklin, Rev. & Mrs. Sam 
(Dorothy), IBC (UPC) -890, 
Mure, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 
(Mitaka 3 5047) 

-7 =7 -, 1 - >\s 

Frazier, Rev. & Mrs. Leslie, 
GFA 64, Midorigaoka Hon- 
moku, Naka-ku, Yokohama 

Fredlun, Miss Mabel M., OMF 
Kanagi-machi, Asahiyama, 
Kita-gun, Aomori-ken 

7 1/ K 9 v K 

Frehn, Rev. & Mrs. Malcolm, 
IBPFM Higashi 1-chome, Kita 
18-jo, Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

Frens, Mr. & Mrs. James, TEAM 
13, Fusumada-cho, Ichino- 
miya-shi, Aichi-ken 

Frett, Rev. & Mrs. Calvin, JPM 

278-1640, Ushimaki, Mori- 

yama-shi, Aichi-ken 

(Moriyama 3759) 

S^lltt^lljffT- t-tt 1640-278 

7 V -/ h 
Friesen, Mr. & Mrs. Abraham F., 

OMF 7-19, Tomino-cho, Hiro- 

saki-shi, Aomori-ken 

7 19 

7 9 - -tr v 



Friesen, Miss Anne, OMF 
(Furlough from July 1964) 

Friesen, Rev. & Mrs. Harry, MBM 
(Furough until June 1965) 

Fujimoto, Miss June, FEGC 
111, Hakuraku, Kanagawa-ku, 
Yokohama (49-9017) 

i- h 

Friesen, Miss Leonore, GCMM Fukada, Rev. & Mrs. Robert M. 

39, 1-chome, Matsubashi-cho, \ (Laura), IBC(MC) 6, 1-chome, 

Miyazaki-shi (2-4574) Asukai-cho, Tanaka, Sakyo-ku, 

1-39 Kyoto (78-4494) 

Friesen, Rev. & Mrs. Roland, 
FEGC 111, Hakuraku, Kana- 
gawa-ku, Yokohama 

7 U -t v 

Friesen, Rev. & Mrs. William, 
JEM 3, 4-chome, Shimo Naka- 
jima, Nagaoka-shi, Niigata-ken 

Fulop, Rev. Robert Ph.D. & Mrs., 
ABFMS Kanto Gakuin Univ., 
Mutsuura, Kanazawa-ku, Yoko 
hama (70-8347) 


Fultz, Miss Catherine, PCUS 
17, Chokyuji-machi, Higashi-ku, 
Nagoya (97-8898) 

7 i; - -t? v 

Frivold, Rev. & Mrs. R. W., AG 
32, Tsukimigaoka, Yatomi- 
cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya 
(On furlough December 1964) 

7 fr y 

Fultz, Mrs. Exie, CnC c/o Sugi- 
hara-so, 4-845 Tozuka, Shin- 
juku-ku, Tokyo (361-2950) 


-7 ]) 

Fromm, Rev. & Mrs. Elwood, 
MSL 2, 9-chome, Irifune-cho, 
Otaru-shi, Hokkaido 
(Otaru 3-0628) 

P A 

Gaenzle, Mr. & Mrs. Heinz, LM 
Sugaya 1039, Shimodate-shi, 



Gamble, Miss Marjorie, OMF 
62-5, Miyuki-cho, Shizunai- 
machi, Shizunai-gun, Hokkaido 
ft#iaf*38BrWfTRr 62-5 

4? + V-7 fr 

Gamblin Kev. & Mrs. Arthur 
(Haruko), IBC (MC) 2-1041, 
Aza Memegatani, Shinohara, 
Nada-ku, Kobe (86-3243) 


Gamlen, Miss Anna, NLM 
(Furlough until 1965) 

Gano, Rev. & Mrs. Glenn G., 
ABFMS 6-319, 1-chome, Nishi- 
kubo, Musashino-shi, Tokyo 
(Musashino 4 6296) 

3196 y-y 

Garner, Miss Margaret, IBC 
(UCBWM) 126, Tsuchidoi, 
Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken 
(22 6638) 

Geedy, Rev. & Mrs. Clifford, IND 

Geeslin, Rev. Roger H., (Ph. D.) & 
Mrs. Lois, IBC (UCMS) -I.C.U. 
1500, Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 
(Mitaka 3-3131) 

1500 ICU 

Garrod, Rev. & Mrs. A. J. V., IGL 
93, Uyama, Sumoto-shi, 
Awajishima, Hyogo-ken (1028) 

JWtt8fcSSftzHf*rfT^UJ 93 

if P - K 

Garrott, Rev. W. Maxfield, Th. D., 
& Mrs., SB Seinan Jo Gakuin, 
Shimo Itozu, Kokura-ku, Kita- 
kyushu-shi, Fukuoka-ken 

Germany, Rev. Charles, Ph. D. & 
Mrs. Julia, IBC (MC) 
(Furlough 1964-65) 

Gerry, Mr. & Mrs. Robert J., 
CLC- (Furlough till Feb. 1965) 

Gerst, Mr. & Mrs. Wilhelm, LM 
Asahi-machi, 597, Koga-shi, 

Giboney, Mr. & Mrs. Terry, CC 
^Ibaragi Christian College, 
Omika, Kuji-machi, Hitachi-shi, 

Giesbrecht, Miss Margaret - 
2163-B, Karuizawa-machi, 

Nagano- ken 


t h 

Gingerich, Rev. John, Th. D. & 
Mrs., Tokyo Union Church, 44, 
Hachiyama, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 



Gilbertson, Rev. & Mrs. Gaylen 
ALC 22, 3-chome, Tokugawa- 
cho, Higashi-ku, Nagoya 

Gilg, Miss Audrey, IBC(UCBWM) 
Baika Gakuen, 106, 6-chome, 
Hon-machi, Toyonaka-shi, 

Osaka (2-0002) 

W 6 TP 106 

Gillespie, Rev. & Mrs. A. L., SB 
-21-59, 9-chome, Ueno, Toyo 
naka-shi, Osaka 

TfiiSff 9 T0 59-21 

Gizzi, Rev. & Mrs. Vincent, OEM 
Mineshige, Monzen Arata, Iwa- 
kuni-shi, Yamaguchi-ken 

Gillham, Rev. & Mrs. Frank, SB 
(Furlough until April 1965) 

Glass, Miss Eva, OMF Nishi 4- 
chome, Kita 3-jo, Kutchan- 
machi, Abuta-gun, Hokkaido 


Glenn, Mr. & Mrs. Don Carleton, 
IBC (UCBWM) -Shimochoja- 
machi, Sagaru, Muromachi- 
dori, Kamikyo-ku, Kyoto 

Clock, Rev. & Mrs. Delmar, MSL 
C. P. O. Box 175, Naha-shi, 
Okinawa (099-2882) 

! Gluecks, Deaconess H., MAR-LCM 
72, 1-chome, Higashi-Naruo- 
cho, Nishinomiya-shi, Hyogo- 

&mffiWrfjjfcimKr i rg 72 

Godert, Miss Agnes, PCUS 
(Furlough until Feb. 1965) 

Godoy, Rev. & Mrs. Rolf, LFCN 
49-2, Torii-machi, Tsu-shi, 



Goes, Rev. & Mrs. Gosta, SEOM 

3909, Miya-cho, Mishima-shi, 
Shizuoka-ken (5-4056) 

Hl> 1^013909 

Going, Rev. & Mrs. Thomas, 
MSL--616-5, Ichino-cho, Iga- 
rashi, Niigata-shi 

Pff 616-5 

Goldsmith, Miss O. Mabel, CMS 
10, Sairen-cho, Sojima, 
Kurume-shi, Fukuoka-ken 
(Kurume 4971) 



Goodall, Mr. & Mrs. A. Richard, | 
INTERDPT-Higashi 4-chome, 
Kita 22-jo, Sapporo-shi, 
Hokkaido (71-0522) 

Gooden, Rev. & Mrs. Joe R., 
IND-49, 2-chome, Sakuradai, 
Nerima-ku, Tokyo (991-4249) 

Goring, Rev. & Mrs. V. I. (Kath 
leen) MSCC 18, Aoshiro-cho, 
Ichijoji, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

Mumi^MK-s^ww is 

3 - y vy 

Gornitzka, Rev. & Mrs. Robert 
W., NEOM 6, Machigashira, 
Yotsukura-machi, Iwaki-gun, 

Gosden, Rev. & Mrs. Eric W., 
JEB 4 of 1610, Hirano, Mi- 
kage, Mikage-cho, Higashi- 
Nada-ku, Kobe 

1610 O 4 

Goes, Mr. & Mrs. Donn, TEAM 
- 419, Eifuku-cho, Suginami-ku, 
Tokyo (321-2280) 

Goto, Mr. John, IND 16, Hachi- 
yaura, Yamoto-cho, Miyagi- 

WHfilR^^BIft&MI 16 

3 h 

Graham, Miss Enid, FEGC 30, 
Ochiai, Kurume-machi, Kita- 
tama-gun, Tokyo 
(Tanashi 71-0022) 

Graham, Mr. Lloyd B., D. S. W., 
& Mrs. Evelyn IBC (UCQ 
40, Nigawa Yurino-cho, Nishi- 
nomiya-shi, Hyogo-ken 

Grant, Mr. Robert H., IBC 
(UCBWM)-l of 13, Asukai- 
cho, Tanaka, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 


Grant, Mr. & Mrs. Worth C., SB 
7-18, Kamiyama-cho, Shibuya- 
ku, Tokyo (467-7628) 

Graves, Miss Alms, SB 

(Furlough until March 1965) 

Gravklev, Miss Sylvi, NEOM 
84-2, Sakae-cho, Haramachi-shi, 



Graybill, Mr. & Mrs. John W., Griffin, Rev. & Mrs. Harry Dee, 

(Lucille), BIC 228, Nukui- j SB 2091, Musashino, Oaza 

Minami-machi, 4-chome, Ko- Fussa, Fussa-machi, Nishitama- 

ganei-shi, Tokyo gun, Tokyo (51-2931) 



Green, Rev. & Mrs. H. E. MSCC 
Nishi 3-chome, Sakae-cho, 
Asahikawa-shi, Hokkaido 

Grier, Rev. & Mrs. Louis 
(Dorothy), IBC (UPC) 
9-chome, Komatsubara-cho, 
Wakayama-shi (2-0630) 

Griesy, Rev. Paul, IBC (UCBWM) 
-3 of 370, Ezu-cho, Kami-Ifuku, 
Oka- yama-shi (52-1090) 
M III iff_hfnfi| 370-3 

^ y - ^ x 

Grenz, Miss Elsie, WMC 
(Furlough until Mar. 1965) 

Greyall, Rev. Arthur, AG(Assoc.) j 
Hondo Kirisuto Kodomo i 
Home, Hondo-shi, Kumamoto- 

Griffiths, Mr. & Mrs. Michael C. 
OMF 11, 4-chome, Higashi 
Koganei-shi, Tokyo 
HOKtM^^rfOfCfHT 4-11 

if V -7 4 * 

Grigg, Miss Pearl, IND 3, 1- 
chome, Horinouchi, Suginami- 
ku, Tokyo (331-5722) 

Grisdale, Mr. & Mrs. John, CMS 
Rikkyo High School, Nobi- 
dome, Shinza-machi, Kita- 
adachi-gun, Saitama-ken 
(Shiki 425-6) 

Gronning, Rev. & Mrs. Arne 

(Elsa), NLM 

(Furlough from Spring 1964) 
Grosjean, Miss Violet C., SPG 

344, Kamoe-cho, Hamamatsu- 

shi, Shizuoka-ken 

Grove, Mr. & Mrs. Leslie, JEM 
c/o Bible School, Kujiranami- 
machi, Kashiwazaki-shi, Niigata- 



d ruhhs. Rev. & Mrs, Thomas, 

(Alice), IBC (UPC)-242, 

Zaimokuza, Kamakura-shi, 

Kanagawa-ken (2-1720) 

Grube, Miss Alice, IBC (UPC) 
(Furlough 1964-65) 

Giienther, Rev. & Mrs. Heinz 
(Anneliese) IBC (UCC) 
Kwansei Gakuin House No. 2 
Nishinomiya-shi, Hyogo-ken 

Gueres, Rev. & Mrs. Richard, 
MSL c/o Tokyo Lutheran 
Center, 16, 1-chome, Fujimi- 
cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 

IT II 16 

Gulley, Mr. & Mrs. Norman R., 
SDA- Japan Missionary College 
Sodegaura-machi, Chiba-ken 
(Sodegaura 18) 


Gundersen, Miss Johanna, FCM 
57-1, Shimo-Genroku, Katsu- 
yama-shi, Fukui-ken 

if v ? - -t y 

Gunther, Miss Rubena, MBM 
59, Sompachi-cho, Ikeda-shi, 
Osaka (6 8710) 

Gurjfanus, Mr. & Mrs. L. T., CC 
- 138, Takegahana, Matsudo- 
shi, Chiba-ken 

Gulbrandaen, Mrs. Dagny, FCM 

48, Kiyokawa-cho, Takefu- 

shi, Fukui-ken (Takefu 1064) 

if >\, y yv K -t ^ 

Gullatt, Rev. & Mrs. Tom D., SB 
-755, Kamagami-cho, Mito-shi, 
Ibaragi-ken (2-2019) 

Gwinn, Miss Alice E., IBC 
(UCBWM) Nishi-iru, Imade- 
gawa-Agaru, Karasuma-Dori, 
Kamikyo-ku, Kyoto (45-0147) 




Habbestad, Miss June, TEAM 
1164, Nakamaru-mae, Minami- 
zawa Kurume-machi, Kitatama- 
gun, Tokyo 

Hagen, Miss Kirsten, FCM 
73-9, Minamiyama-cho, Seto- 
shi, Aichi-ken (Seto 6348) 

Hagen, Mr. & Mrs. Larry A., 
IND 29-6, Koeijutaku, Koetoe, 
Wakkanai-shi, Hokkaido 


Hagstrom, Miss Britta, OMSS 
122, Aoi-cho Minato, Waka- 
yama-shi (3-8574) 

Hain, Miss Irene, GAM 56, 
Hakakita 3-jo, Bisai-shi, Aichi- 
ken (Ichinomiya 62-1462) 

Hailstone, Miss M. E., SPG 1046, 
Hiratsuka 7-chome, Shinagawa- 
ku, Tokyo (781-4736) 


^ -f >\s ^ h V 

Halberg, Mr. & Mrs. Roland 
(Margaret) CBFMS 70, Seisho 
Tosho Kankokai, Box 66, Sen- 
dai-shi, Miyagi-ken 


Hale, Miss Elizabeth M., CMS 
1-chome, Iga-cho, Tokushima- 
shi (3-1072) 

Haley, Mrs. Virginia B., IND 
St. Paul s University, 3-chome, 
Ikebukuro, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 

Halliday, Miss Gladys, JIM 3, 
Higashi Hon-machi, Shimo- 
gamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

Halstrom, Mr. & Mrs. Dale, 
(Furlough June 19641965) 

Hamer, Mr. He jo H., GEAM 
401, Osasa-machi, Fukuoka-shi 
?IIS3rfJ/h W 401 

Hamilton, Miss Blanche, ABWE 
Chuo Bldg. 3-6, Kajiya-cho, 
Kagoshima-shi (3-2353) 



Hamilton, Miss Florence, MSCC 
4402, Baba-cho, Ueda-shi, 
Nagano-ken (1361) 

Hansen, Rev. & Mrs. Sven-Olof, 
SAMJ 139, 5-chome, Iga-cho, 
Okazaki-shi, Aichi-ken 


,N * /u h y ! 

Hammer, Rev. Raymond, Ph. D., 
& Mrs., CMS 8, 2-chome, 
Tamagawa Naka-machi, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo (701-0575/6) 

Hammond, Mr. & Mrs. Alvin 
(Eleanor), CnC 345, Mukodai, 
Aza Onta, Higashi-Murayama- 
shi, Tokyo 
(Kokubunji 9-1400) 
JK#mWUl ffi*#IBlfllHj 345 
~*v K 

Hancock, Mr. John W., OMF- 
1-chome, Izumi machi, Akabira- 
shi, Hokkaido 

Hannemann, Mr. Carl F., Ph. D. 
& Mrs., MSL-43 5, Fujimi- 
cho, Azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo 


Hannestad, Dr. Bertha, M.D., 
NMA 220, Yamashita-cho, 
Yokohama (68-2653) 

Hanson, Rev. & Mrs. Edward G., 
JGL- 56, Koyama-Itakura-cho, 
Kita-ku, Kyoto 

s- s y v 

Hanson, Miss Marion, ALC 
1807, Hanegi-cho, Setagaya-ku, 
Tokyo (322-0445) 

^ v y v 

Haraughty, Miss Mary L., PCUS 
439, Nakabu, Marugame-shi, 
Kagawa-ken (455) 

Harbin, Rev. & Mrs. A. V.( Winnie 
Lee), IBC (MC) -6, Kansei 
Gakuin, Nishi-nomiya-shi, 

Hyogo-ken (5-2070) 

^ - k V 

Hardenberg, Miss Maria, GAM - 
56, Hakakita 3-jo, Bisai-shi, 
(Ichinomiya 62 1462) 

Harder, Miss Helene, LCA 
979, Hamamatsu-cho, Maidashi, 
Fukuoka-shi (65-4580) 



Hardley, Rev. & Mrs. Bob, UMI Harris, Miss Cora, JEM 44, Ta, 

(Returning in June address un 
known yet) 

x> - K y - 


Itoigawa-shi, Nii- 

Hardy, Rev. & Mrs. Robert D., 
SB 43, 2-chome, Hamaura-cho, 

Harris, Miss Esma R., WEC 18, 
Ohashi-cho, Hikone-shi, Shiga- 

Harkness, Mrs. Lucetta, IBC 
(MC) 11, Konno-cho, Shibuya- 
ku, Tokyo (408-1914) 

Harland, Mr. & Mrs. Tom, IND 
-2106, Kumisawa-cho, To- 
tsuka-ku, Yokohama 

Harms, Rev. & Mrs. Walter, MSL 

Harms, Mr. & Mrs. William, IND 

Harrefors, Miss Ase, SEOM 

Harrigan, Mr. & Mrs. Carl, IND 
-House #5, 16, Hachiyaura, 
Yamoto-machi, Monoo-gun, Mi- 

#PM*iB5e#Wr*>8l 16 

5 S) ^ y jfy 

Harris, Rev. & Mrs. Hugh, NAV 
769-6, Kitahara Minamizawa, 
Kurume-machi, Kitatama-gun, 
Tokyo (982-8649) 

dbl^ 769-6 s*9 X 

Harris, Rev. & Mrs. Thomas 
James, Jr., (Barbara) IBC 
(RCA) Apt. 505, Santoku 
Bldg., 3098, Naka-machi 1- 
chome, Musashino-shi, Tokyo 
(Musashino-Mitaka 2-2194) 

Hf t /L- 505-^- ^> y * 

Harrison, Rev. & Mrs. Colin, 
SPG 234, Yamate-cho, Naka- 
ku, Yokohama (64-1688) 

> y y v 

Hartman, Miss Doris, IBC (MC) 
46, Kaminagaregawa-cho, 
Hiroshima-shi (21-6661) 


r. .; 

Box 2, Yotsukaido, Inba-gun, 
Chiba-ken (Yotsukaido 347) 

Hartley, Miss Phyllis, CN -P. O. Hathaway, Rev. & Mrs. Bill., BBF 

1-7-36, Minamigaoka, Chi- 
kusa-ku, Nagoya 


* x <f 

Hatori, Rev. & Mrs. Akira, JEMS 
(Taiheiyo Hosokyokai) 
1433, 2-chome, Setagaya, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 

Hartwig, Miss Irmgard, GMM 
Bethesda Home, Chosei-gun, 
Chiba-ken (Chosei 62) 

Haruyama, Rev. & Mrs. Justin 
(Sarah), IBC (MC) 137, Kami 
Arata-cho, Kagoshima-shi 
(Kagoshima 4-4774) 

Harvey, Rev. & Mrs. Pharis, 
(Jane) IBC (MC)-8 of 6, 1- 
chome, Oji Hon-cho, Kita-ku, 
Tokyo (911-4711) 

i TCI 6 <r> 8 

Hash, Rev. & Mrs. Orlando, ALC 
246, Aza Kita Shinkiri, Taka- 
shi-cho, Toyohashi-shi, Aichi- 
ken (3 0846) 

Haas, Rev. & Mrs. LeRoy, MSL 
-860, 4-chome, Shimo Meguro, 
Meguro-ku, Tokyo (712 2043) 
U&4 ri!860 

X> 7s 

Haugen, Miss Aase, FCM-1012, 
Tawara-machi, Fukui-shi 

Hausknecht, Rev. & Mrs. Phillip 
A, LCA -921, 2-chome Sagino- 
miya, Nakano-ku, Tokyo 

Havlick, Miss Dorothy, IBC (UPC) 

6 of 13, 4-chome, Kudan, 

Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (261-6763) 

ilCtfaBFttfflKABMTM 13(O6 
^ -y y v 9 

Hawbecker, Rev. Ned, IBC (EUB) 
Palmore Gakuin, 8. 4-chome, 
Kitanagasa-dori, Ikuta-ku, 

Kobe (3-5840) 

4 Til 8 



Hawkinson, Miss Marian, LCA ( Heck, Mr. & Mrs. John, OBS 
- -2429-1, Higashi-Tsu-Shimo, P. O. Box 35, Nada-ku, Kobe 
Ogori-machi, Yamaguchi-ken 

,-h - ^ y V y 

Hay, Mr. & Mrs. T. JEB 24, 
Oimatsu-cho, Takaha Nada-ku, 

Hayes, Rev. & Mrs. Charles K., 
SB-350, 2-chome Nishi Okubo, 
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 

HIEIB*f?&Ke5:*:X{* 2 T(3 350 
-x-T X 

Haygood, Dr. Martha, M. D., SB 
1, Kami Ikeda-cho, Kitashira- 
kawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

Jw^rfT/HaK.lbnill/iiipgtnT i 

^ J rf .., ], 

Hayman, Mr. & Mrs. David E., 
OMF-49, Sawada, Tsukuri- 
michi, Aomori-shi (2-4620) 

Hedlund, Miss Sonja, IBC (MC) 
46, Kaminagaregawa-cho, 
Hiroshima-shi (21-6661) 

Hegge, Mr. & Mrs. Myron, TEAM 
31, 2-chome, Hamaura-cho, 

Heggem, Mr. & Mrs. Nils, IND 
50, Takigatani, Shioya, Taru- 
mi-ku, Kobe 


Heil, Rev. & Mrs. L. E., JCG 
3412, Shimo-Kawai-machi, 
Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 
(Kawai 206) 

Hays, Rev. George H., Th. D. & \ 
Mrs., SB -19-18, 2-chome, Ue- 
hara-cho, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 

2Tf1 18-19 
-x>f X 

Heim, Rev. Kenneth E., PEC 
48, 1-chome, Aoyama Minami- 
cho, Akasaka, Minato-ku, 
Tokyo (Office 408-3435) 
(Home 811-1370) 
JflwIB m%. ^iSff liimiHT 1 TS 
48 ^>fA 

Heimonen, Mr. & Mrs. Lauri V., 



Heimvik, Miss Aud, NMS -San - 
waso, 328-6, Naizen-cho, Kashi- 
wara-shi, Nara-ken (5205) 
(Furlough from November, 
&IIW6Ufjrt!V 328-6 

-x 1* A b* v ? 

Hein, Deaconess Hannelore, 
MAR-LCM 133-4, Aza Nishi 
Matsumoto, Nishi Hirano, 
Mikage-cho, Higashi Nada-ku, 

&*: 4-133 -s>fy 

Heintz, Miss Otti, GAM c/o 
Komori Apt., 2-chome, Kagiya, 

Heiss, Rev. & Mrs. Donald R., 
SB 21, Sawada-cho, Tsukuri- 
michi, Aomori-shi (2-3491) 

Heitkamp, Miss Elizabeth, LCA 
Kyushu Jogakuin, 300 Muro- 
zono, Shimizu-machi, Kuma- 
moto-shi (4-0281) 

Helland, Mr. & Mrs. Bruce, 
TEAM-50 362, Jyoyama, 

Nagano-shi, Nagano-ken 

2-50 ^yy K 

Helland-Hansen, Miss Merete, 
NMS 3-chome, Gakuenmae 
Minami, Nara-shi (5-1020) 

Hellberg, Miss Gullbritt, SEMJ 
1-42, Ohashinai, Muroran-shi, 
Hokkaido (Muroran 6768) 

f8ft 1-42 

Heller, Miss Henny, GAM Ken- 
machi, Kasamatsu-machi, Ha- 
shima-gun, Gifu-ken 
(Kasamatsu 3655) 

Helling, Mr. & Mrs. Hubert, CN 
South, 16, West 12, Sapporo- 
shi, Hokkaido (3-5040) 

.ibisamttrfira 12 ^m ie 

-N \) V ? 

Henry, Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth, 
(Furlough until Summer 1965) 

Henachel, Miss Hanna, NGM 
217, Shimorenjaku, Mitaka-shi, 
Tokyo (0422-3 3914) 



Hereford, Miss Nannie M., IBC 
(UPC) 8A Asahiso, 1 of 178, 
8-chome, Hon-cho, Kashiwa- 
zaki-shi, Niigata-ken 
(Kashiwazaki 2864) 

K r rifffj w 8 rn 

<D i 

Hersey, Mr. & Mrs. Fred, FWBM 
2143, American-Mura, Unoki, 
Irumagawa, Sayama-shi, Sai- 

V -h M 2143 

Hessel, Rev. & Mrs. Egon, IND 
-137 4-chome, Naka Mikuni- 
gaoka, Sakai-shi, Osaka 

^^If fWilT tiHig^ 17:4 (7) 137 

^x -y -t yL- 

Hesselgrave, Rev. & Mrs. David, 
(Furlough until 1965) 

Hesselink, Rev. John, (D. Theol.), 
&Mrs. Etta, IBC (RCA) 136-1, 
Higashi-cho, 5-chome, Koganei- 
shi, Tokyo 

&h(&> /K#if] ^!"J 5 Tf i 1 <T> 
136 -^ v -t U V ^ 


PCM 2 

Rev. & Mrs. 

moku, Nca-ku, Yokohama 


, Nc 

H. N., 


Hetcamp, Miss Ruth, GMM- 
329-5, Eifuku-cho, Suginami- 
ku, Tokyo (321-4794) 
jr3P&MIK*Wr 329-5 

~*y h * + V 7 

Hewitt, Miss Mary Elizabeth, 
IBC (UCC) 25, Nishi Kusabuka, 
Shizuoka-shi (53-0988) 

Heywood, Mr. & Mrs. Ronald E., 
JEB 1 of 53, 1-chome, Himuro- 
cho, Hyogo-ku, Kobe 

iffr i r0 5301 

Hibbard, Miss Esther L., (Ph. D.) , 
IBC (UCBWM) - Muromachi- 
dori, Imadegawa Agaru, Kami- 
kyo-ku, Kyoto (44-5642) 

Hicks, Captain Joyval, SA 17, 
2-chome, Kanda Jimbo-cho, Chi- 
yoda-ku, Tokyo (261-7311) 


Highfill, Miss Virginia, SB 6- 
38, Minami-cho, Itabashi-ku, 
Tokyo (955-5860) 



Hijfhwood, Mr. & Mrs. David C., 
OMF Kaihoku, Kashin Shigai, 
Utashinai-shi, Hokkaido 

Hilburn, Rev. Samuel, Ph. D. & 
Mrs. Blanche, IBC (MC) Kan- 
sei Gakuin Noson Center, 1466, 
Kashita, Sanda-shi, Hyogo-ken 

Hillhouae, Miss Helen, IBC (MC) 
Keimei Koto Gakko, 4-chome, 
Nakayamate-dori, Ikuta-ku, 
Kobe (22-7230) 

Hindal, Miss Hope, TEAM 

Hinkle, Miss Mary Gertrude, 
PCUS-17, Chokyuji-machi, 
Higashi-ku, Nagoya (97-8898) 

mmiici2&3r-Kr 17 

t > 9 i\, 

Hinz, Rev. & Mrs. David, MSL 
2458-2, Suido-cho, Nagaoka- 
shi, Niigata-ken 
(Nagaoka 3845) 


Hire, Miss Eleanore, IBC 
(UCBWM) Interboard House, 
2, Higashi Toriizaka-machi, 
Azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo 

HE&iWiKJffffiJitJUJgJSW 2 

-f >^---i*- K 

Hinchman, Mr. & Mrs. B. L., 
ABFMS 69, Okamoto, Moto- j 
yama-cho, Higashi Nada-ku, i 
Kobe (85-0446) 


Hoavrlund, Rev. & Mrs. Alan, 
LCA 1628 Higashi Sabarei, 
Bofu-shi, Yamaguchi-ken 
III PWKjWr|im(fctt^ 1628 

* - / 7 v K 

Hodgea, Rev. & Mrs. Olson S. f 
BBF 4-639, Makuhari-machi, 
Chiba-shi (3-8347) 

Hoffman, Mr. & Mrs. Willis R., 
MJO-40, 5-chome, Tokugawa- 
cho, Higashi-ku, Nagoya 

Hoffner, Rev. & Mrs. Karl 
(Agda), OMSS-2480, Onuma, 
Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa-ken 
(Sagamihara 52-1179) 

.-n -7 7- - 

Hoh, Rev. & Mrs. David J., LCA 
351, Oe-machi, Moto, Kuma- 
moto-shi (4-0566) 



Hoke, Rev. & Mrs. Donald E., 

(Furlough until September 

Holdcroft, Miss Joy, AFC -2, 
Amagaya Aza, Miharu, Ta- 
mura-gun, Fukushima-ken 

Holdcroft, Miss Mary Frances, 
ACF 2, Amagaya-Aza, Miharu, 
Tamura-gun, Fukushima-ken 

P 7 \- 

Holecek, Mr. & Mrs. Frank 
(Ruth), CBFMS -Wakamiya- 
cho, Kitakami-shi, Iwate-ken 
(Hirano 945 Yobidashi) 

Hollaway, Rev. & Mrs. Ernest 
Lee, Jr., SB 356, 2-chome, 
Nishi Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, 
Tokyo (341 0638) 

2 TFT 356 

Holmgren, Mr. & Mrs. Carl A., 


Holritz, Rev. & Mrs. Bernard, 
TEAM -706, 2-chome, Nari- 
mune, Suginami-ku, Tokyo 

;,;; 2 rri 706 

Holte, Miss Roselyn, ALC 

(Furlough until Summer 1965) 

Holthe, Miss Ragna, NMS 

Homerstad, Rev. & Mrs. John, 
ALC -1984, Otsu-dori, Shimada- 
shi, Shizuoka-ken (4338) 

,-h - 


Honaman, Mr. & Mrs. William 
Fredrick, PEC 48, 1-chome, 
Aoyama Minami-cho, Akasaka, 
Minato-ku, Tokyo 
(Office 408-3436) 
(Home 408-2524) 


Hoover, Miss Annie, SB Nishi 
14-chome, Minami 22-jo, Sap- 
poro-shi, Hokkaido (5-1362) 

Horgen, Miss Borghild, NEOM 
84, 2 Sakae-cho, Haramachi-shi, 
^^WrTfT^IHT 2-84 

rh ^ y V 

Horn, Rev. & Mrs. Clifford, MSL 
2-224, Takahana-cho, Omiya- 
shi, Saitama-ken (41-1598) 




Horninjf, Miss Enid M., IBC 
(UCC) -Ryogoku, Tomisato- 
mura, Imba-gun, Chiba-ken 
(Ryogoku 40, c/o Naito) 

Horton, Miss Frances, SB -352, 
2-chome, Nishi Okubo, Shin- 
juku-ku, Tokyo (351 3562) 

* - h v 

Horton, Mr. & Mrs. Fred M., 
SB -11 798, Nishishin-machi, 
Fukuoka-shi (82 3597) 

Hoshizaki, Mr. & Mrs. Reiji, SB 
36, 3-chome, Otana-cho, Chi 
gusa-ku, Nagoya (75 4543) 

Hoslett, Mr. Sherman, Ph. I). & 
Mrs., ALC c/o ICU -1,500 
Osawa Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 

Hottenbacher, Mr. & Mrs. Dan- 
Kmar, GAM -Hinode-machi, 
Kuroda, Kisogawa-cho, Haguri- 
gun, Aichi-ken 

Hovey, Miss Marion, TEAM 2- 
65, Yunago-cho, Hitachi shi, 

Howard, Rev. & Mrs. Stanley P., 
Jr., SB -537, Suwanodai, Tomi- 
no, Kokura-ku, Kitakyushu-shi, 
Fukuoka-ken (52 0192) 

- K 

Howder, Mr. & Mrs. Robert, 
ABWE-c/o V-Chandler P. O. 
Box 393, Kobe 

(New Missionaries expected in 

Howell, Miss Elizabeth, IBC (MC) 
Fukuoka Jogakuin 35 Kami 
Osa, Oaza, Fukuoka-shi 
(58 2405) 

Howlett, Rev. & Mrs. Floyd, 
(Doreen), IBC (UCC) 
Higashi 2- jo, Kita 6-chome, 
Nayoro-machi, Nayoro-shi, 

Hokkaido (2659) 

Hoyer, Rev. & Mrs- Virgil, ALC 
222, Kamiikegawa-cho, Hama 
matsu-shi, Shizuoka-ken 
(71 2836) 



Huddle, Rev. B. Paul, S.T.D. & 
Mrs. LCA 921, 2-chome, Sagi- 
nomiya, Nakano-ku, Tokyo 

Huddle, Miss Elizabeth C., LCA 
(Furlough until Dec. 1964) 

Hudson, Miss Betty, IND 2280, 
Shinohara-cho, Kohoku-ku, 

^ K y v 

Hudson, Miss Lenore, SB Seinan 
Jogakuin, Shimo Itozu, Kokura- 
ku, Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka- 
ken (56-1165) 

Hufnagel, Mr. & Mrs. Daniel, 
OMF Tomikawa-machi, Hi- 
daka, Hokkaido 

Huggins, Mr. & Mrs. Phares, 
WMC-850, Tenjin-cho, Sasebo- 
shi, Nagasaki-ken (2-6909) 

Hughes, Mrs. Marie, JFM P. O. 
Box 9, Kashiwara-shi, Nara-ken 

Hume, Miss Doris, FEGC 

Hunter, Rev. David, IBC (MC) 
Chinzei Gakuin, Sakaeda-cho, 
Isahaya-shi, Nagasaki-ken 

Hunter, Mr. Donald M., IND 
769, 3-chome, Kitahara, Minami- 
zawa, Kurume-machi, Kitatama- 
gun, Tokyo (Tanashi 7-1527) 


Hunter, Miss Vivian, ACPC-57, 
Akasaka-cho, 5-chome, Chi- 
kusa-ku, Nagoya 
SSMrfj^SKffcKHr 5 T 57 
^ v 2 - 

Huttenlock, Rev. & Mrs. George 
(Sue) , CBFMS c/o Seisho 
Tosho Kankokai, P. O. Box 66, 
Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken 


Hyland, Rev. & Mrs. Philip, ALC 
432 Furusho, Shizuoka-shi 




HymeN, Rev. & Mrs. Robert A. 
AG 430-1, 3-chome, Koma- 
gome, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 


Hyndman, Miss Mavis J., PCC 
24, Wakamiya-cho, Shinjuku- 
ku, Tokyo (269-2909) 


Ibstedt, Mr. & Mrs. Nils, SFM- 
565, Shimo Ozo, Enzan-shi, 

Ingebretsen, Rev. & Mrs. Ernst, 
NMS 1-700, Nakasho, Izumi- 
sano-shi, Osaka 
(Izumisano 1280) 

Ichikawa, Mr. Ben, JEM-c/o 
Bible School, Kujiranami-machi, 
Kashiwazaki-shi, Niigata-ken 

Ige, Rev. & Mrs. Daniel, MSL 

Ikenouye, Mr. & Mrs. Iwao JEM 
(Furlough until August, 1965) 

Ingulsrud, Rev Lars, ALC 
(Furlough until Summer, 1965) 

Irwin, Rev. Allen L. (Ph. D.) & 
Mrs. Marie, IBC (UCBWM) 
33, Uwa-cho, Komegafukuro, 
Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken 

r - * -r v 

Jaabaek, Miss Petra, NLM-121, 
Soto Nakabara-cho, Matsue-shi, 
Shimane-ken (2-5618) 

Jackson, Miss Alice M. IND-61, 
1-chome, Yahara-cho, Nerima- 
ku, Tokyo 

9 y 

Imai, Rev. & Mrs. Gordon (Joan) , Jackson, Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth L. 




316, Kitase, 

IliC (UCBWM) -10, Daido-cho, 
Shugakuin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 


^ y v 



Jacobsen, Mr. & Mrs. Morris, JEM j Jarvis, Rev. F. D., Th. D., & Mrs. 

c/o Seisho Gakuin, Kujira 
nami-machi, Kashiwazaki-shi 

tfBfttittffittttm 1 

ix -v n -7* -fe y 

James, Mr. & Mrs. Max H. WEC 
(Furlough until March 1965) 

James, Rev. & Mrs. William O. 
(Furlough until fall 1965) 

Jansson, Rev. & Mrs. Helge, 
OMSS c/o Swedish Mission, 1- 
254, Hiraoka-cho, Sakai-shi, 

7x(S/Wffj^|*pfJ 1-254 
X * x - T-" y < y -y 3 y 

-^ V y y 

Jansson, Mr. & Mrs. Lars, (Lizzi) 
ECC 35, Toyoura, Kuroiso- 
machi, Tochigi-ken 
(Kuroiso 669) 

Y y y y 

Jansson, Mr. Martin SBM 79, 
Nishikumiura Ueda, Morioka- 
shi, Iwate-ken 

^mmHffia 79 <& 2 

f y y y 

Janzen, Rev. & Mrs. George 
(Furlough until Summer 1965) 

NLL-1736, Katayama Niza- 
machi, Kita-Adachi-gun, Sai- 
tama-ken (Tanashi 7-1625) 

^mjbjens&if&roTtiij 1735 

is -Y b" X 

Jastram, Rev. & Mrs. Robert, 
MSL 3-chome, Ote-machi, 
Shibata-shi, Niigata-ken 
(Shibata 2238) 

Jeanes, Miss Dorothy, FEGC 
1242, Yorii-machi, Osato-gun, 

iHi 1242 

Jenkins, Miss Jackie FEGC 
111, Hakuraku, Kanagawa-ku, 
Yokohama (49-9017) 

*Sir|jW$JnKS3K HI 

ix x y ^ y ^. 

Jenny, Rev. & Mrs. Rudolph G., 
LCA 1306, Miyagino Hon- 
machi, 4-chome, Kokura-ku, 
Kitakyushu--shi, Fukuoka-ken 


Jensen, Mr. & Mrs. E. E., SDA 
164, Onden, 3-chome, Shibuya- 
ku, Tokyo (401-1171) 



Jensen, Rev. & Mrs. Louis F., 
(Furlough till Sept. 1965) 

Jensen, Rev. & Mrs. Roy TEAM 
26, Kami Kurumi-machi, 
Kanazawa-shi, Ishikawa-ken 
(6 4827) 

Joerneman, Miss Brita, SFM 
319, Kushigata-machi, Ogasa- 
wara, Nakakoma-gun, Yama- 

JlC 319 

Johansson, Miss Inger, OMSS 
65, 2-chome, Nishi-machi, 
Shonai, Toyonaka-shi, Osaka 
2 Tl I 65 

Johnsen, Rev. & Mrs. Paul C., 

(Furlough until summer 1965) 

Johnson, Mr. & Mrs. Bo, SFM - 
1953, Nagata-cho, Minami-ku, 
*&ifffflK*fflBJ 1953 

ix j -s y v 

Johnson, Dr. C. I)., M. D. & Mrs. 
(Leave of absence) 

Johnson, Rev. & Mrs. Dwight, 
LCA Kawarasaki, Okatomi, 
Nobeoka-shi, Miyazaki-ken 

Johnson, Rev. & Mrs. Gerald, 
GFA 64, Midorigaoka, Hon- 
moku, Naka-ku, Yokohama 

Johnson, Rev. & Mrs. Gordon, 
CMSJ-1822, Kowada, Chiga- 
saki-shi, Kanagawa-ken 
(Fujisawa 6-7483) 
W2iJII!R^<ftffj/JvftIffl 1822 

V/ a / V V 

Johnson, Rev. & Mrs. Harold I. 
WM 11, Nakamaru-machi, Ita- 
bashi-ku, Tokyo (955 5401) 


Johnson, Rev. Harriet Ann, IBC 
(UPC) --2542, Yuki-cho, Tsu- 
shi, Mie-ken 

Johnson, Mr. & Mrs. John SFM 
122, 2-chome, Iwama-cho, Hodo- 
gaya-ku, Yokohama 
(43 0643) 

y v 



Johnson, Miss Mary, JPM 1235, 
Matsunoki-cho, Suginami-ku, 
Tokyo (312-1539) 

>> 3 y v y 

Johnsrud, Rev. & Mrs. Leroy 
ALC -20, 2-chome, Tokiwadai, 
Itabashi-ku, Tokyo (961-5524) 
^KfB KJiKSlSa 2 TI3 20 

i/ 3 v * /u / K 

Jolliff, Mr. Bob, CC -4048, Omika, 
Kuji-machi, Hitachi-shi, Ibaragi- 
ken (Kujihama 2251) 

Jones, Miss Gladys CBFMS 
26-5, Izumigaoka, Shiogama- 
shi, Miyagi-ken (2-4611) 

Jones, Miss Glenys, CJPM 202, 
Shimoizumi, Ishikawa-machi, 
Ishikawa-gun, Fukushima-ken 

Jones, Miss Gwyneth B. CJPM 
56, Nanatsuike, Koriyama-shi, 

Jones, Rev. & Mrs. Henry (Mau- 
rine), IBC (UPC) 4 of 7, 5- 
chome, Denenchofu, Ota-ku, 
Tokyo (721-3980) 

- v X 

Jones, Rev. & Mrs. M. Joe, QMS 
(Furlough from Feb. 1964 to 
Aug. 65) 

Jones, Miss Martha, SDA 164, 
Onden 3-chome, Shibuya-ku, 
Tokyo (401 1171) 
HOKifl^lKGgffl 3-164 

^ 3 - V X 

Jones, Rev. & Mrs. R. L., (Jean) 
(Furlough 1964- 65) 

Jones, Rev. & Mrs. William F., 
PEC 231, Nakajima, Okamoto, 
Motoyama-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe 

Jonsson, Miss Sigrid, SEMJ 
(Furlough until Spring 1965) 

Jorgenrud, Miss Inger-Johanne, 
NEOM 41, Sekifune, Joban- 
shi, Fukushima-ken 

Joseph, Rev. & Mrs. Kenny, 
TEAM 419, Eifuku-cho, Sugi 
nami-ku, Tokyo (321-9625) 

jtfl^K7Hj 419 

i/ a -t y 

Jossang, Rev. & Mrs. Lars 
(Ingrid), NLM 19, 4-chome, 
Nishi Akashi-cho, Akashi-shi, 

P 19 



Joyce, Mr. & Mrs. James, IBC 


Juergensen, Miss Marie, AG 64, 

6-chome, Takinogawa, Kita-ku, 

Tokyo (983-2217) 

ix * fr >r > -t v 

Junker, Mr. & Mrs. Calvin, 
TEAM-2109, Kita-ku, Agata- 
machi, Matsumoto-shi, Nagano- 

Juten, Miss Shirley, IBC (EUB) 
Apt. 11, Hachiyaso, 72, 1- 
chome, Harajuku, Shibuya-ku, 
Tokyo (401-6500) 

J * - 7- V 

Kamitsuka, Rev. & Mrs. Arthur 
(Lily), IBC (UPC) Kita 7- jo, 
Nishi 6-chome, Sapporo-shi, 
Hokkaido (71-6653) 

Kanagy, Rev. & 
(Adella), JMM 

Mrs. Lee 

Karhu, Mr. & Mrs. Clifton, IND 
11-1, 2-chome, Sugino-cho, 
Nagara, Gifu-shi 

Karikoski, Rev. & Mrs. Pentti, 
LEAF -108, Kobinata Suido- 
cho, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 



Hailing, Miss Ruth, ABFMS -77, 
Kuritaya, Kanagawa-ku, Yoko 
hama (49 3890) 

Kamikawa, Rev. & Mrs. Aigi 
(Kiyo), IBC (UCMS)-4425, 
Suzumori, Niikura, Yamato- 
machi, Saitama-ken 
(Asaka 61-3039) 

Karlson, Miss Florence, TEAM - 
15-15, 3-chome, Daizawa, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 

Karlsson, Rev. & Mrs. Einar SFM 
122, 2-chome, Iwama-cho, 
Hodogaya ku, Yokohama 
(43 0643) 

h - >\, y v 

KarlsHon, Miss Gunborg, SEOM 



Karpa, Mr. & Mrs. Karl, ABFMS 
c/o Christian Servicemen s 
Center, 844, 1-chome, Higashi- 
kata Kawashimo, Kuruma, Iwa- 
kuni-shi, Yamaguchi-ken 

ojpmwBifrifijirBJi/j i TH 

844 ijfr i 

Karpenko, Mr. William, MSL 
c/o Sapporo Youth Center, 
Nishi 6, Minami-Oodori, Sap- 
poro-shi, Hokkaido 
(Sapporo 3-4462) 

itmmmjtimx.&m 6 

s- - 7. -fe V 2 - 

Kataja, Miss Vappu, LEAF 

Katsu, Mr. Kim- 440, 2-chome, 
Honmoku-cho, Naka-ku, Yoko 

n 440 

Kauffman, Rev. & Mrs. Donald 
PAC 77, Kita-Shichiban-cho, 
Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken 

Kawashima, Miss Tamie FKK 
c/o Tannowa Seisho Kyokai, 
4860, 5-chome, Tannowa, 
Misaki-cho, Sennan-gun, Osaka 
(Tannowa 235) 

Kaylor, Rev. & Mrs. Leo, IND- 
49, Yamashita-cho, Omuta-shi, 

Keeler, Miss Dale, IBC (MC) 
c/o Seiwa Woman s College, 
Okadayama, Nishinomiya-shi, 
Hyogo-ken (5-0709) 

Keighley, Rev. & Mrs. Leonard 
(Isobel), IBC (UCC) 
5 of 7, Takamine-cho, 2-chome, 
Kokura-ku, Kita-Kyushu-shi, 
Fukuoka-ken (56-0401) 

07-5 *-*!)- 

Keith, Rev. & Mrs. Billy P. SB 
2, Kita 8-jo, Nishi 6-chome, 
Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

;1b 8 ^i/g 6 T P 2 

Kellerman, Miss Jean, IBC (EUB) 

72, Sashigaya-cho, Bunkyo- 
ku, Tokyo (811-5516) 

Kelly, Miss Daphne I., OMF 9, 
Aza Karita, Oaza Koyanagi, 



Kelly, Mr. & Mrs. Merle I., PCUS 
17, Chokyuji-machi, Higashi-ku, 
Nagoya (97-8886) 

aMffimKS#j$r 17 

>r ]) ~ 

Kenney, Mr. & Mrs. Carlton, IND 
5688, Hino, Hino-shi, Tokyo 

Kenny, Miss Pearl, IND --16, 
Hachiyaura, Yamoto-cho, Mo- 
noo-gun, Miyagi-ken 
m&SB;#WmSi$ 16 


Kennedy, Mr. & Mrs. Arthur, 
OMF 4-334, Seijo-machi, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo (416-1934) 
<T^ffifflK$*W 344-4 

T * r - 

Kennedy, Miss Helen, JEM- 
645-1, Tsuruma, Fujimi-mura, 
Iruma-gun, Saitama-ken 


Kennedy, Mr. & Mrs. Hugh, JIM 
3, Higashi, Hon-machi, Shimo- 
gamo, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

Keplinger, Miss Carol, IBC- 
(UCBWM)- c/oKobeJogakuin, 
Okadayama, Nishinomiya-shi, 
Hyogo-ken (5 1020) 

T -7V s if - 

Kern, Rev. & Mrs. Edwin C., 
NAB 208-98, Otani-cho, Tsu- 
shi, Mie-ken (8-6579) 

Kerehaw, Miss Grace, ACPC-57, 
5-chome, Akasaka-cho, Chikusa- 
ku, Nagoya-shi 

Kiel, Miss Janet R., IGL-93, 
Uyama, Sumoto-shi, Awaji- 
shima, Hyogo-ken (1028) 
mij 93 

Kilbourne, Rev. & Mrs. Ernest 
J., QMS 

(Furlough from June 64 for 
4 years) 

King, Miss Betty, WMC 

(Furlough May 1964 May 

King, Rev. & Mrs. George, BBF 
996-138, Obanoyama, Shinohara, 
Nada-ku, Kobe 


King, Mrs. Peggy, WUMS-221, 
Yamate-cho, Naka-ku, Yoko 
hama (64 3993) 
Will retire in Sept. 1964 



Kinley, Rev. & Mrs. Philip, CG 
86, 4-chome, Higashi-cho, 
Koganei-shi, Tokyo 


Kirkman, Rev. & Mrs. D. V., (Jan 
Teruko), IBC (UPC) 
(Furlough 1964-5) 

Kistler, Rev. & Mrs. Luther D. 
LCA 370, 2-chome, Shinmachi, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 


Kitchen, Rev. & Mrs. Theodore 
J., (Margaret) IBC (MQ 12, 
Aoba-cho, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 


Kivle, Rev. Mrs. Per, LFCN 
(on furlough) 

Klahr, Rev. & Mrs. Paul F., AG 

Klassen, Miss Irene, JEM 23-1, 
Saiwai-cho, Takada-shi, Nii- 

9 =7 y -t ^ 

Klaus, Mr. & Mrs. John H.,ACC 
K-7, 3, 4-chome, Sengen-cho, 
Fuchu-shi, Tokyo 

4-3 K-7 

Klein, Rev. & Mrs. Norbert, 
GEAM 8, Shimogamo Mae- 
hagi-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

Klein jans, Mr. Everett, Ph. D., & 
Mrs. Edith, IBC (RCA) I. C. U., 
1500, Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 
(Mitaka 3-3131) 


9 =? 1 =. T v X 

Klemensson, Miss Gudrun,OMSS 

Kluttz, Rev. Robert, IND 
Omachi 2-jo, 8-chome, Asahi- 
kawa-shi, Hokkaido 

Knabe, Miss Elizabeth, ABFMS 
c/o Tokyo Joshi Daigaku, 124, 
3-chome, logi-machi, Suginami- 
ku, Tokyo (390-5522) 

Knight, Mr. & Mrs. Allan H. 
OMF-20, Kita Nukazuka, 
Hachinohe-shi, Aomori-ken 
(Furlough from Nov.) 

20 )- ^ Y 

Knight, Mr. & Mrs. Brantley 
TEAM 15-15, 3-chome, Dai- 
zawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 



Knoble, Mr. & Mrs. John, (Bar 
bara), TEAM 1199-A, Karui- 
zawa-machi, Nagano-ken 
^fm$5#W 1199-A 

/ -/^ 

Knoll, Miss Carol, FEGC 1010, 
Takasaka, Higashi Matsuyama- 
shi, Saitama-ken 

Knoll, Mr. & Mrs. James, TEAM 
Nagisa Kaigan, Hojo, Tate- 
yama-shi, Chiba-ken 

Knutsen, Rev. & Mrs. Edvin, 
NEOM Onda 42, Ueda, 
Nakoso-shi, Fukushima-ken 

v ) -, y v 

Knutson, Rev. & Mrs. Alton, ALC 
74, 4-chome Kotobuki-cho, 
Kariya-shi, Aichi-ken (1486) 

??fii ram iff w 4-74 

Knutsen, Miss Inger Johanne, 
NMS 32, Teraguchi-cho, Nada- 
ku, Kobe (85-2878) 

^ 7. 7- -t V 

Kobabe, Mr. & Mrs. Peter, GAM 
(Furlough until Aug. 1965) 

Koch, Rev. & Mrs. Dennis K., 
LCA-21, Sumiyoshi-cho, 

Ryuanji, Ukyo-ku, Kyoto 

Koepke, Rev. & Mrs. Frank, MSL 
6, 2-chome, Kudan, Chiyoda- 
ku, Tokyo (262 0272) 

Koikkalainen, Mr. & Mrs. Pentti, 

Kokkoncn, Miss Helvi, FFFM- 

47, Higashi Hinokuchi-cho, 
Tanaka, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

Kolbenson, Miss Bertha, OEM 
Showa-dori, Murozumi-machi, 
Hikari-shi, Yamaguchi-ken 

n /u ^< y y y 

Kongstein, Rev. & Mrs. Frank, 

(Furlough from June 1964 to 
July 1965) 

Koop, Rev. & Mrs. Abe. JMBM 
19, 4-chome, Oishi, Naga- 
mineyama Nada-ku, Kobe 
(86 4942) 



Koop, Miss Mary, NTM 
Tsukijiso, 1330, Shimofujisawa, 
Musashi-machi, Iruma-gun, 

Korver, Mr. & Mrs. Ronald G,. 
(Ruby) IBC(RCA) 8453, Yaho, 
Kunitachi-machi, Kitatama-gun, 
Tokyo (Kunitachi 7-2132) 

Krause, Rev. & Mrs. Sam H., 
MBM 60, Yamasaka-dori 4- 
chome, Higashi Sumiyoshi-ku, 
Osaka (692-2325) 


Krauss, Miss Anne P., JPM 1235, 
Matsunoki-cho, Suginami-ku, 
Tokyo (312-1539) 

lfUHS$j$^Kfe/ ttf 1235 

^ =7 ^ 7, 

Kreyling, Rev. & Mrs. Paul, MSL 
c/o Tokyo Lutheran Center, 
16, 1-chome, Fujimi-cho, Chiyo- 
da-ku, Tokyo 

SlfiUB^ttraKWrjIWr 1-16 
^M> - 7- fr-t v 2 f*3 

9 \s\)y ? 

Krick, Dr. Ed., M. D. & Mrs., SDA 
-171, 1-chome, Amanuma, 
Suginami-ku, Tokyo 


9 ]) y ? 

Krider, Rev. Walter W., IBC(MC) 
101, Imazato-cho, Shiba Shiro- 
kane, Minato-ku, Tokyo 
HIiPIKS:&^MlflT 101 

9 7 1 it ~ 

Kriska, Mr. & Mrs. Brian G. 
(Sally), IBC (UCBWM) 861, 
Komaba-machi, Meguro-ku, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo (467-6020) 

Kristerson, Miss Ruth, CMSJ 
1068, 3-chome, Matsubara-cho, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Kristiansson, Rev. & Mrs. Gunnar, 
MCCS Ajino, Kojima-shi, Oka- 
ya ma-ken (72-2024) 

Kroehler, Mr. & 
G. (Laverne 
(Furlough 1964-1965) 

Mrs. William, 
Mae), IBC 

Kroehler, Rev. & Mrs. Armin, 
(Evelyn), IBC (UCBWM) 1 of 
3651, Monju Higashi-ko, Aizu 
Takada-machi, Fukushima-ken 
?I^ -KRM ^Wfflffll Vfc L 
kA/l> 1-3671 

9 V 7 



Kroeker, Miss Anne, IND 503, 
Ichinosawa-machi, Utsunomiya- 
shi, Tochigi-ken (2 8141) 

Krummel, Rev. & Mrs. John, 
(Fusako) IBC (MC)- 116, 6- 
chome, Aoyama Minami-cho, 
Minato-ku, Tokyo (401 2201) 

9 iv y jt >^ 

Kruse, Mr. & Mrs. David R., 


Kuba, Rev. & Mrs. David A., 
WGM c/o T. Tsutada, 57, 
Tokiwa 10-chome, Urawa-shi, 

Kunz, Mr. & Mrs. Arthur, LM 
Saiwai-cho, Ishioka-shi, Ibaragi- 

Kurtz, Miss Margaret, WVMS- 
221, Yamate, Naka-ku, Yoko 
hama (64 3993) 

Kuecklich, Miss Gertrud, IBC 
(EUB) 1364, Raiha, Kazo-shi, 
Saitama-ken (Kazo 341) 

Knutaon, Mrs. Helen, SDA 164- 
2, Onden 3-chome, Shibuya-ku, 
Tokyo (401-1171) 

Kuhlman, Rev. & Mrs. Frank, 
(Martha) IBC (MC) 8, 4- 
chome, Kita Nagasa-dori, Ikuta- 
ku, Kobe (3 5840) 

Kusunoki, Miss Yasuko, IBC 
(UCBWM)-c/o Seiwa Woman s 
College, House #1, Okadayama, 
Nishinomiya-shi, Hyogo-ken 

-X 1 tf ffi 

^ X/ % 

Kuyten, Rev. & Mrs. Rudolph, 
(Trina), IBC (RCA) 
(Furlough from 1964 to 1965) 


I^abertew, Miss Dorothy A., COG 

- 66, Shimonamiki, Kawasaki- 
shi, Kanagawa-ken 

Fleur, Rev. William, CRJM 
13 6, Kudan 4-chome, Chiyo- 
da-ku, Tokyo (261 6763) 

n 13-6 



LaFoe, Miss Freda M., CG 
93, 3-chome, Okusawa-machi, 
Tamagawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

3C#5P tttfflSK 31/11 &ZRNJ 3 T 

7 * - 

Laitinen, Miss Marrta, LEAF 
232, Shiraita-machi, Matsumoto- 
shi, Nagano-ken (3-2213) 

Lam, Mr. & Mrs. Phillip, FEGC 
111, Hakuraku, Kanagawa-ku, 
Yokohama (49-9017) 


Laman, Rev. & Mrs. 
(Evon) IBC (RCA) 
(Furlough 1964- 65) 

Lamb, Miss June, PCUS 
(Furlough until Sept 1965) 

Lammers, Rev. & Mrs. Richard, 
(Martha), IBC (UCBWM) - 
120, Hokko-cho, Kitami-shi, 
Hokkaido (5233) 


Lancaster, Rev, & Mrs. Lewis H., 
PCUS 14, Tokushima Hon-cho, 
3-chome, Tokushima-shi 

3Tn 14 

Lancaster, Rev. & Mrs. William, 
BMMJ (Furlough) 

Landis, Miss Janell Jean, IBC 
(UCBWM) 33, Uwa-cho, 

Komegafukuro, Sendai-shi, 

Miyagi-ken (23-3834) 

Landes, Mr. & Mrs. James, 
(Haru) IBC (UCBWM) c/o 
Aoyama Gakuin, 22, Midoriga- 
oka-machi, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 

Lane, Miss Dorothea, SB 6-38, 
Minami-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 

-6 u-f y 

Lang, Rev. & Mrs. Ernst, 
(Dorthea) IBC (EUB) 405, 
Kikuna-machi, Kohoku-ku, 

Yokohama (49-9726) 

7 y ^ 

Langager, Rev. & Mrs. Davis, LB 
10, Ishiwaki Tajiri, Honjo-shi, 
Akita-ken (Honjo 5749) 

Langland, Miss Violet, IBC (UCC) 
5 of 198, Shoraiso, Nishino- 
miya-shi, Hyogo-ken 

198 <T> 5 



I>anier, Mr. & Mrs. Inland 
(Joanne) ABWE 6, Azuma- 
cho, Honjo machi, Higashinada- 
ku, Kobe 
(C.P.O. Box 1226 Kobe) 

- T 


Lant, Miss Mary Jo, TEAM 
1433, 2-chome, Setagaya, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo (414-3166) 

S2T 01433 

Larsen, Rev. & Mrs. Morris C., 


Larson, Mr. David., S.M.D. & Mrs. 
Margaret, IBC (UCBWM) 
Kobe Jogakuin, Okadayama, 
Nishinomiya-shi, Hyogo-ken 

9 y y 

Larson, Rev. & Mrs. James, PCM 
48, Hiragata-machi, Kana- 
gawa-ku, Yokohama 

9 y y 

Larson, Rev. & Mrs. Lyle, ALC- 
1807, Hanegi-cho, Setagaya-ku, 


v - V y 

Larson, Miss Ruth, IND 290, 
Nishi-ku, Kunitachi-machi, Kita- 
tama-gun, Tokyo 

Laug, Rev. & Mrs. George, TEAM 
11, Nakamaru-cho, Itabashi- 
ku, Tokyo (957-4011) 
(Retire Summer 1964) 


I>aujfhlin, Mrs. Zenith, IND 699, 
Kuhonji, Oe-machi, Kumamoto- 

I^utz, Mr. & Mrs. W. F., TEAM 
922-4, Shimotakaido, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 

p -y 

Lautzenheiser, Miss Wanda, 
FEGC- (Return from Furlough 
Sept. 64) 

1101, Morooka, Ome-shi, Tokyo 
(OME 2496) 

P - 7 x X^N-f -*r*- 

I>awrence, Mr. Charles, IND c/o 
Imaseki, 17, Honan-cho, Sugi- 
namiku, Tokyo 



Lawson, Miss Dorothy, IBC (UPC) 
Room 802 Bible House, 2, 
Ginza, 4-chome,Chuo-ku, Tokyo 

P - y y 

Lea, Miss Leonora E., SPG-21, 
2-chome, Yamamoto-dori, Ikuta- 
ku, Kobe (22-8028) 

2 TF1 21 

Ledden, Rev. & Mrs. George 
Jr., BPM 1582, Taragi-machi, 
Kuma-gun, Kumamoto-ken 

f?tma^f$W 1582 

v K V 

Lee, Mr. & Mrs. Ivan, (Daphne) 
ABWE Mission Home, 814, 
Shimoishiki-cho, Kagoshima-shi 

Lee, Mr. & Mrs. Keith, WUMS 
221, Yamate-cho, Naka-ku, 
Yokohama (64-3993) 

Lee, Rev. & Mrs. Keith, MSL 
4, Toryo-cho, Kitami-shi, 
Hokkaido (Kitami 4887) 

Lee, Rev. & Mrs. Robert, (Nancy) 
JMM (Furlough) 

Lehman, Mr. & Mrs. Gene S., 
PEC Rikkyo Daigaku, Ike- 
bukuro 3-chome, Toshima-ku, 
Tokyo (983-0111/2260) 

Leighey, Mrs. Robert A., PEC 
c/o Aoyagi, Imadegawa-sagaru, 
Karasuma-dori, Kamikyo-ku, 
Kyoto (44-9655) 

Leiyn, Miss Jennie, NTM 19, 
Shinmei-cho, Nanao-shi, Ishi- 

Lemmon, Miss Vivian, CnC 
80, Shimoyashiki, Tanabe-shi, 

Leonard, Rev. & Mrs. Clifford, 
NTM c/o Seisho Kyokai, 
Wajima-shi, Ishikawa-ken 

- K 

Lester, Miss Elizabeth M., IBC 
(UCBWM) c/o Kobe Jogakuin, 
Okadayama, Nishinomiya-shi, 
Hyogo-ken (5-1020) 



Leth-I>ar8en, Rev. & Mrs. Frode, 
DMS-8-11, 1-chome. Kasuga- 
cho, Chiba-shi (41-2708) 

1 TH 8 $ 11 } 

Lewis, Rev. & Mrs. John B., PEC 
St. Peter s Church, 881, Zushi, 
Zushi-shi, Kanagawa-ken 
(Zushi 2764) 

Limbert, Miss Rosemary, SB 
Seinan Jogakuin, Itozu, Kokura- 
ku, Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka- 
ken (56 2642) 

Lind, Mr. & Mrs. Ingemar, SFM 

Lindberg, Rev. & Mrs. Sten F., 
BGC Shirahama-machi, Nishi- 
Muro-gun, Wakayama-ken 

Liechty, Mr. & Mrs. Carl, GCMM 
50, Yodogawa-cho, 3-chome, 

T*$ffT/H!HT3-50 ; 9 T ^ i 

Likins, Mr. & Mrs. Claude, 
(Evelyn), CnC 2-26, Shinohara 
Hon-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe 

Linde, Mr. & Mrs. Richard 
(Janet), IBC (MC)-c/o I.C.U., 
1500, Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 
(Musashino 3-3131) 

V V K 

Linden, Rev. & Mrs. Arne, SAMJ 
56, Wakamiya-cho, Toyo- 
kawa-shi, Aichi-ken (4028) 

Linden, Miss Gunvor, SAMJ 
425, Honan-cho, Suginami-ku, 

Linjfle, Rev. & Mrs. Wilbur, PF 
112, Aza Obari, Oaza-Taka- 
bari, Itaka-cho, Chikusa-ku, 
Nagoya (70-1072) 

Lipponen, Miss Sanna, LEAF 

Little, Mr. & Mrs. Lea N., OMF 
(Furlough from July 1964) 

Littman, Mr. & Mrs. George M., 
IND Far East Broad Casting 
Co., Naha, Okinawa (9 78208) 

i; y Y ^~ 



Livingston, Rev. & Mrs. Jerry, Lonander, Rev. & Mrs. Ake, 

(Furlough until Sept. 1965) (Furlough until 1965) 

Livingston, Rev. & Mrs. Theodore 
W., ABFMS- (Furlough) 

Ljokjell, Rev. & Mrs. Arnold 
(Rigmor), NLM 27-5, Chimori- 
machi, 1-chome, Suma-ku, 
Kobe (7-1662) 

1 TP 5-27 

Lloyd, Rev. Gwilym G., Ph. D., & 
Mrs. Jean, IBC (UPC)-Nishi- 
Iru, Imadegawa-Agaru, Karasu- 
ma-dori, Kamikyo-ku, Kyoto 

P -i K 

Lloyd, Rev. & Mrs. John J., PEC 
P. O. Box 8, Yokkaichi-shi, 

(Home Yokkaichi 2-4567) 
(Office Yokkaichi 3-2541) 

nmm ra n iff iff pq n i 

P -r 

Locker, Mr. & Mrs. Jack, IND 
5688, Hino, Hino-shi, Tokyo 
S 05688 

Logan, Mrs. Charles A., PCUS 
Smythe Hall, Kinjo College, 
Omori, Moriyama-shi, Aichi-ken 
(Moriyama 3053) 

Long, Miss Beatrice, TEAM 
(Furlough until 1966) 

Long, Rev. & Mrs. H. M., JCG 
204, Shimomaruko, Ota-ku, 
Tokyo (731-1625) 

Lorah, Miss Louneta, IBC (MC) 
10-2, 1-chome, Shoto-cho, 
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo (467-7909) 

Loudermilk, Miss Betty, GFA 
6, 1-chome, Kokonoe-cho, Gifu- 

Louis, Miss Suzanne, SAJM 
Chigusa, Kanai-machi, Sado- 
gun, Niigata-ken (2777) 

Love, Rev. & Mrs. Max H., SB 
352, 2-chome, Nishiokubo, 
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 


Loven, Miss Beryle, IND 



Lower, Mr. & Mrs. R. W., IND 
83-4, Torisu-cho, Minami-ku, 

Ludwig, Rev. Theodore, Th. D., 
& Mrs., MSL- 53, Fujimi-cho, 
Azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo 

7 K * * y 

Lueders, Rev. & Mrs. Carl, MSL 
-645, Shindo-Kita, Kami- 
renjaku, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 

;!k 645 

Luke, Rev. & Mrs. Percy T., JEB 

Lund, Rev. & Mrs. Norman, LCA 

(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 
Luttio, Rev. & Mrs. Philip, ALC 

(Furlough until Summer 1965) 
Lynn, Miss Orlena, RPM 

(Furlough fall 1964) 
Lyon, Mr. & Mrs. Dewitt, TEAM 

287, Ose-machi, Hitachi-shi, 


Lowman, Miss Alice, CEF- 1599, 
Higashikubo, Kamiarai, Tokoro- I 
zawa-shi, Saitama-ken 
(22 4076) 


MacDonald, Rev. Alice E., IBC 
(UPC) -1-580, 4-chome, Midori- 
cho, Odawara-shi, Kanagawa- 
ken (Odawara 22-5497) 

19 K^-A- K 

MacDonald, Miss M. Jean, IBC 
(UCC)-c/o Mrs. Tsuchihashi, 
2-3174, Suehiro-cho, Suwa-shi, 
Nagano-ken (515) 

2 3174 

-* 9 K -)- ^ K 

MacDougall, Mr. Terry IBC 
(UCBWM) Doshisha High 
School, Osagi-cho, Iwakura, 
Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

MacLeod, Rev. & Mrs. Ian 
(Virginia,) IBC (UCC) 15, 
Shiomidai-machi, Otaru-shi, 
Hokkaido (2-7542) 

4b#3t/hfc?fT)llEr 15 

^ y 9 7 * K 

MacMurphy, Rev. Chas. B., LCA 
23, Inari-cho, Kagoshima-shi 


MacPherson, Miss Janet Ann, 
IBC(UCC) 15, 4-chome, Miya- 
mae-cho, Kofu-shi, Yamanashi- 
ken (Kofu 3-5451) 
|i|^jmtri!W * <9 15 

-r ^ 7 r V V 

Magee, Rev. & Mrs. George 
(Joyce) , IBC(RCA) -37, Yama- 
te-cho, Naka-ku, Yokohama 

Magruder, Rev. & Mrs. James T., 
PCUS 2-1, 3-chome, Yamada- 
cho, Nada-ku, Kobe (85-2985) 

ftjRffijBiKUj ffl KT 3-2-1 

-7 ? fr ~ jf 

Makinen, Miss Anna, FFFM 101, 
Kamihate-cho, Kitashirakawa, 
Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 


Makkonen, Miss Sarah, LCA 
658, Nanase-machi, Nagano-shi 

Malm, Rev. & Mrs Erik, SEOM 
1675, Omiya-cho, Fujinomiya- 
shi, Shizuoka-ken (4556) 

Malmvall, Mr. & Mrs. Filip, 
SAMJ- 257-51, Kamoe-cho, 
Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka-ken 


Manierre, Rev. & Mrs. Stanley 
L., ABFMS 66, 5-chome, 
Tsukigaoka-machi, Chigusa-ku, 
Nagoya (71-9241) 

* IW 5-66 

Mann, Mr. & Mrs. Helmut, LM 

Marcks, Miss Margaret M., JEB 
797-2, Oaza Shido, Shido- 
machi, Okawa-gun, Kagawa-ken 

797-2 -^ - ? * 

Mariya, Sister Margaret, IND- 
PEC 95, Aza Tamada Shimizu, 
Odawara, Sendai-shi, Miyagi- 
ken (3-7354) 



Marsden, Rev. & Mrs. Alvin, 
BBF 253, Shimozato, Kurume- 
machi, Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
(Tanashi 71-0735) 

-r - ;*, 7* V 

Marsh, Miss Berni, WUMS 221, 
Yamate-cho, Naka-ku, Yoko 
hama (64-3993) 

Marsh, Mr. & Mrs. Tomas E., 
CC 1097, Horiuchi, Hayama- 
cho, Miura-gun, Kanagawa-ken 
(Hayama 22 Yobidashi) 



Marshall, Miss Bertha Jane, SB 
20-21, Kami Ikeda-cho, Kita- 
shirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 
>K$m#K.ltGJIIJirtkPW 21- 

20 -r 

Martin, Rev. & Mrs. David, 
TEAM -6 15, Gakuen-Higashi- 
machi, Kodaira-shi, Tokyo 
m^P/J^m^HlKI 6-15 

-? - T 4 V 

Martin, Rev. & Mrs. E. H., CBCM 
3147, Irumagawa, Sayama-shi, 

Martin, Miss Grace, JMM c/o 

Hokkaido International School, 
Nishi 2-jo, 8-chome, Tsukisappu, 
Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

Martin, Miss Mary, ACF A 33, 
Daizenhara, Tomioka-machi, 
Futaba-gun, Fukushima-ken 
fflft!ft5RIIIP*|B3fflT^: 33 A 

-7 - r < v 

Martin, Miss Marjorie, IBC (MC) 
c/o Keimei High School, 35, 
4-chome, Nakayamate-dori, Iku- 
ta-ku, Kobe (22-7230) 



Martindale, Mr. & Mrs. George 
(Helen), CBFMS (Furlough) 

Masaki, Rev. & Mrs. Tomoki, 
SB 2-35, Kami Midori-cho, 
Shichiku, Kita-ku, Kyoto 


Mason, Mr. & Mrs. Daryl, NAV 
769-6, Kitahara, Minamizawa, 
Kurume-machi, Kitatama-gun, 
Tokyo (982-8649) 


Masson, Mr. John F., WEC 
Shin-machi, 1-chome, Omihachi- 
man-shi, Shiga-ken 

Masui, Rev. David, IFG-806, 
Higashi Oizumi-machi, Nerima- 
ku, Tokyo 

Matheson, Mr. & Mrs. Robert H., 
FEGC - (Furlough) 

Matthews, Rev. & Mrs. Alden, 
(Derrith), IBC (UCBWM) 
(Furlough from 1964-1965) 

Mattmuller, Miss Lotte, OMF 
Nishi 4-chome, Kita 3-jo, 
Kutchan-machi, Abuta-gun, 

.Itflfrfl *tiui5 OUai ^iH/ .it 3 && 

4TN ^hA7- 



Mattson, Rev. & Mrs. Walter W., 

(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 

Maxey, Mr. & Mrs. Mark, 
(Pauline), CnC 10925, Nishi- 
hara-cho, Kanoya-shi, Kago- 
shima-ken (2374) 


Mayer, Miss Margery, IBC (MC) 
(Furlough from 1964-1965) 

Mayforth, Rev. & Mrs. C. Richard, 
NAB-63, Uchide Hama-cho, 
Ashiya-shi, Hyogo-ken 

s 4 7ir- 7, 

Mayo, Miss Louise, BBF 253, 
Shimozato, Kurume-machi, 
Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
(Tanashi 71-0735) 


McAlister, Mr. & Mrs. James, 
IND 22, Ishibuchi, Koriyama- 
shi, Fukushima-ken 

McAlister, Rev. & Mrs. Eugene, 
IBC (UCBWM) c/o Shoei 
Junior College, 6-chome, Naka- 
yamate-dori, Ikuta-ku, Kobe 
(4 2865) 


McAlpine, Rev. & Mrs. Donald, 
TEAM 38, 2-chome, Nishisaka- 
cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 

McAlpine, Rev. & Mrs. James A., 
PCUS 33, 4-chome, Chikara- 
machi, Higashi-ku, Nagoya 


McCain, Miss Pearl, IBC (MC) 
c/o Seiwa Woman s College, 
Okadayama, Nishinomiya-shi, 
Hyogo-ken (5-0709) 
(short furlough) 

McCaleb, Mrs. Elizabeth, CC 
Ibaragi Christian College, 
Oomika, Hitachi-shi, Ibaragi-ken 

McCall, Rev. & Mrs. Donnell, 
(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 

McCall, Mr. & Mrs. Loren, TEAM 
1062, Kamihoya, Hoya-machi, 
Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
(Tanashi 61-4921) 




McCartney, Miss Ellen, SDA - 
171, Amanuma 1-chome, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo (391-5161) 

!^;c^$i20^YUTn 171 

-7 ~j -fy \- -~ 

McCartney, Rev. & Mrs. Sedoris, 
23, Inari-cho, Kagoshima- 
shi (2-5969) 

McClean, Rev. & Mrs. Donald, 
MSL 860, Shimomeguro, 4- 
chome, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 
& JJCS5 Fl $ KT PI A\ 4 860 

-r y ? \) y 

McCormick, Miss Jean, JEB 
c. o Seisen Kan, 1163, Kami 
Oiden, Higashi Tarumi-cho, 
Tarumi-ku, Kobe 

# H rf f n k K iKS/KWI L T.E-B* 

1163 ip-!ilfi&M 3 ; -v 9 

McCoy, Miss Beulah M., ABFMS 
7, Nakajima-cho, Sendai-shi, 
Miyagi-ken (22 8791) 

McCracken, Miss Lillian, INI) 
61, Yahara-cho, 1-chome, 
Nerima-ku, Tokyo 

McCune, Rev. & Mrs. H. C, IND 
1104, Ogawa, Kodaira-machi, 
Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 


McDaniel, Rev. & Mrs. Chalmers, 
TEAM 15-15, 3-chome, 

Daizawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
UnsClBtraSKfW 3-15-15 

-7 y 9 $f =. X- /}, 

McDaniel, Mr. & Mrs. Jack, 
CBFMS( Adelaide) 23-7, Kano- 
mae, Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken 

-r ^ tf r. j. ,\, 

McDonald, Rev. & Mrs. John C., 
IND - 5, 3-chome, Showa-cho, 
Abeno-ku, Osaka 
*BKHiHfS!f &Ba*nWJ 3-5 

-* 9 K 1- >\s K 

McGarvey, Rev. & Mrs. A. Paul, 
(Furlough from Aug. 1964) 

McGrath, Miss Violet, JEB 

Mcllwaine, Rev. & Mrs. R. Heber, 
OPC-19, Shinhama-cho, Fuku- 
shima-shi (02452-2-0587) 

Mclntosh, Rev. & Mrs. John 
(Beth), PCC-200, 2-chome, 
Shinonome-cho, Higashi-ku, 
Osaka (761-0080) 


McKay, Mr. & Mrs. Bartlett P., 
CN -826, Kaizuka-cho, Chiba- 
shi (2 1226) 



McKay, Miss Doris, CJPM 
56, Nanatsuike, Koriyama-shi, 

McKim, Miss Bessie, IND-PEC 

2090, Zushi, Shinjuku, Zushi-shi, 

McLean, Rev. & Mrs. Donnell, 
AG-1069, Kami Hoya, Hoya- 
machi, Kitatamagun, Tokyo 

1069 -7 

McLeroy, Rev. & Mrs. Robin, 
(Furlough June 64 June 65) 

McMahan, Rev. & Mrs. Carl, 
FEGC-886, Minano-machi, 
Chichibu-gun, Saitama-ken 

McMillan, Miss Mary, IBC (MC) 
1444, 1-chome, Ushita-machi, 
Tando-ku, Hiroshima-shi 


McMillan, Rev. & Mrs. Virgil O, 
Jr., SB 11, 2-chome, Hirao 
Sanso-dori, Fukuoka-shi 
(75- 1071) 

McMullen, Mr. & Mrs. 
(Bobbie), IBC (MC) 
(Furlough 1963-1965) 


McNaughton, Rev. & Mrs. R. E., 
HFD 7-10, Honcho, Hakodate- 
shi, Hokkaido (2-8883) 

MMmffi W 7-io 

~* v ? 7- V Y V 

McNeill, Miss Elizabeth PCUS 
(Furlough until Sept. 1965) 

McPhail, Mr. & Mrs. John NTM 
3, Maeda, Hanno-shi, Saitama- 

McQuilkin, Rev. & Mrs. J. R., 
TEAM 2-1, 3-chome, Kita- 
machi, Kichijoji, Musashino-shi, 

McVety, Rev. & Mrs. Kenneth, 
TEAM 346, Eifuku-cho, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo (322-0261) 

McWha, Rev. Bennie J., 
440, 2-chome, Honmoku-cho, 
Naka-ku, Yokohama 


~* 97 7 



McWilliams, Rev. & Mrs. R. W. 
(Margery), IBC (MC) -Kuga- 
machi, Kuga-gun, Yamaguchi- 
ken (220) 

Medling, Rev. & Mrs. W. R., SB 
(Furlough until June 1965) 

Meek, Miss Martha, IBC (MQ- 
25-4, Daimyo-machi 1-chome, 
Fukuoka-shi (75-9189) 

ftHrtif|j^:J 1-25-4 

5 - 9 

Melaaen, Mr. & Mrs. Erling 
(Synnue), NMA 8867, Shibuta, 
Ohara-machi, Isumi-gun, Chiba- 


Melton, Mr. & Mrs. Charles, CN 
507, Okamoto-cho, Setagaya- 
ku, Tokyo (701-6759) 

t XL- h v 

Melton, Mr. & Mrs. Charles, CC 
c/o Ibaragi Christian College, 
Oomika, Hitachi-shi, Ibaragi-ken 

Mensendiek, Rev. C. William, 
Ph. D. & Mrs. Barbara, IBC 
(UCBWM) 12, Hachiyama, 
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo (461-4811) 


v -t v r 4 9 

Menzel, Mr. & Mrs. Hans, LM 
1933, Nakanoshima, Kawasaki- 
shi, Kanagawa-ken 
(Noborito 91-2334) 

Mercer, Rev. & Mrs. Dewey E., 
SB 252, Miyawaki-cho, Taka- 
matsu-shi, Kagawa-ken 

Merritt, Rev. Richard A., Ed. D., 
PEC 131, Taishido, Setagaya- 
ku, Tokyo (421-7869) 

t ; y b 

Messenger, Mrs. Blanche, TEAM 
253, Shimozato, Kurume- 
machi, Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
(Tanashi 71-0735) 

/ y -fe v : s -v 

Metcalf, Mr. & Mrs. Stephen A., 
(Furlough from Aug. 1964) 

Metcalf, Rev. & Mrs. Melbourne, 
CMSJ 990, 3-chome, Naka- 
meguro, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 

h -to- 7 



Metzger, Mr. & Mrs. Helmut, 
GAM 44, Naka, Kaigan, 
Chigasaki-shi, Kanagawa-ken 

Meyer, Mr. & Mrs. Hans, LM - 
773, Ishii, Kasama-shi, Ibaragi- 
ken (Kasama 837) 

Meyer, Miss Hildegard, NTM-- 
96, Okawa-machi, Hakui-shi, 

Meyer, Mr. & Mrs. John F., 
HSEF 17, Ochiai, Kurume- 
machi, Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 


Meyer, Rev. & Mrs. Richard, 
MSL c/o Tokyo Lutheran 
Center, 16, 1-chome, Fujimi-cho, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (261-5266) 
^rClB^FftffiK^tJiLfflT 1-16 
t\s T H: V 2 

Michell, Mr. & Mrs. David, OMF 
Kita-20-jo, Nishi 2-chome, 
Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 


Midgley, Rev. & Mrs. Robert C., 
JCG -3412, Shimokawai-machi, 
Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 
(Kawai 204) 

(leaving Japan in June with no 
plans to return) 

Micro, Miss Martta, LEAF -4-2, 
1-chome, Tsuka-machi, Okaya- 
shi, Nagano-ken (2726) 

Mihara, Mr. & Mrs. Victor, IND 
575, Kitahata, Motoyama-cho, 
Higashi Nada-ku, Kobe 

Jb^ 575 

Miho, Miss Fumiye, RSF 14, 
1-chome, Mitadai-machi, Shiba, 
Minato-ku, Tokyo 
(451 0804) 

Miles, Miss Bess, IBC (MC) c/o 
Seibi Gakuen, 124, Maita-machi, 
Minami-ku, Yokohama 
(School 73-2861) 
(House 73-2864) 


Millen, Mr. & Mrs. Herbert, IND 
27, Ohama-machi, Oomuta- 
shi, Fukuoka-ken 

fslHJ 27 



Miller, Miss Erma U MM 
-Honbaba-dori, Funa-machi, 
Oogaki-shi, Gifu-ken 

Miller, Miss Florence, NAB 59, 
Sompachi-cho, Ikeda-shi, Osaka 

Miller, Miss Floryne, SB c/o 
Seinan Jogakuin, Itazu, Kokura- 
ku, Kita-Kyushu-shi, Fukuoka- 
ken (56-1977) 

Miller, Miss Jessie M., MSCC-2 
24, Sugiyama-cho, Gifu-shi 
(3 5384) 

Miller, Miss Marilyn, JEM 
(Furlough until Aug. 1965) 

Miller, Miss Marjorie, LCA 
Harajuku Apartments $708, 178, 
3-chome, Onden, Shibuya-ku, 
Tokyo (408 7171) 

jftijcflpjs ittteism 3-178 

- h 708 fj- 

Miller, Mr. & Mrs. Marvin, JMM 
c/o Kushiro Mennonite 
Church, 13, Tsurugadai, Kushi- 
ro-shi, Hokkaido 


Millisran, Miss Rita, OMF 20, 
Aza Taga-cho, Mikasa-shi, 

Millikan, Mrs. Eva B., JFM 
1714, Koganei-shi, Kitatama- 
gun, Tokyo (8 2671) 


Milner, Miss Mary, OMF 
(Furlough from April, 1964) 

Mings, Mr. & Mrs. Donnie 
(Charlotte), CnC 1146, Naka- 
buri 3-chome, Hirakata-shi, 


Mings, Mr. & Mrs. Lonnie (Coral) 
CnC- 6-10, 7-chome, Korigaoka, 
Hirakata-shi, Osaka 

-6- 10 

Mings, Mr. & Mrs. Ray (Mattie), 
CnC- 1146, Nakaburi 3 chome, 
Hirakata-shi, Osaka 

1 146 

Mitchell, Mr. & Mrs. Alan K., 
OMF- 97, Chiyogatai-cho, 

Hakodate-shi, Hokkaido 



Mitchell, Miss Anna Marie, ALC 
_ 183, Otowa-cho, Shizuoka-shi 

> y^-,, /I- 

Mitchell, Miss Betty, FEGC- 
111, Hakuraku, Kanagawa-ku, 

Mitchell, Mr. & Mrs. Guy S., 
PCUS 4-953, Kami Yoshida- 
machi, Zentsuji-shi, Kagawa- 
ken (425) 

LiW 953-4 

Mitchell, Mr. & Mrs. Thomas, 
(Furlough until fall, 1965) 

Mobley, Rev. & Mrs. Marion A., 
SB 80, 1-chome, Amida-cho, 
Hodono, Akita-shi (2-2324) 

Mochizuki, Rev. & Mrs. Minoru 
( June) ,IBC (UPC) 59, 1-chome, 
Taura, Yokosuka-shi, Kana- 
gawa-ken (Taura 4588) 

Moe, Rev. & Mrs. Arthur, FEGC 
(Furlough- from^June 64- 65) 

Moerman, Rev. & Mrs. Cornelis, 
(Geziena), IBC(UCC) 27, 4- 
chome, Nagamineyama, Oishi, 
Nada-ku, Kobe (86-3942) 

Moflford, Mr. Thomas, IND c/o 
Rikkyo High School, Nobidome, 
Niiza-machi, Kita Adachi-gun, 

* 7 * - K 

Montei, Mr. & Mrs. Douglas, 
QMS 1648, Megurita, Higashi 
Murayama-shi, Tokyo 


Montgomery, Mr. George, ASC 
c/o R. E. Brown, Christ s 
Children s Home, Nagase, Saeki- 
shi, Oita-ken 

Mooney, Dr. & Mrs. Robert N., 
PCUS 41, Kumachi-cho 1- 
chome, Fukiai-ku, Kobe 

A ~ 

Moore, Rev. & Mrs. Boude 
(Anna), (RCA) (Retired) 
5, Kamiyama, Nojiri-ko, 
Shinano-machi, Kamiminochi- 
gun, Nagano-ken 




Moore, Mr. & Mrs. Dan M., I 
PCUS 41, Kumachi-cho, 1- 
chome, Fukiai-ku, Kobe 


Moore, Rev. & Mrs. Fred G., 
NAB 4, Nishi Sonjoin-cho, 
Kinugasa, Kita-ku, Kyoto 


Moore, Miss Helen, IBC-MC 
c/o Kassui Junior College, 16, 
Higashi Yamate-dori, Nagasaki- 
shi (2-6955) 

Moore, Rev. & Mrs. James B., 
PCUS 16 313, Fukui-cho, 

Kochi-shi (Kochi 2-1040) 


Moore, Rev. & Mrs. Lardner C., 
PCUS -57, 1-chome, Awaji Hon- 
machi, Higashi Yodogawa-ku, 
Osaka (371 7253) 


Moore, Rev. & Mrs. Lardner W., 
PCUS 65, Saiwai-cho, Taka- 
matsu-shi (3-3791) 

Moorhead, Rev. & Mrs. Marion 
F., SB 19-2, 2-chome, Uehara- 
cho, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 
JKSSJftSKJdBBl 2-19-2 

-t T ^ y K 

Morehouse, Miss Mildred, FEGC 
1010, Takasaka, Higashi 
Matsuyama-shi, Saitama-ken 

Moreton, Rev. Hugh, Ph.D. & 
Mrs., IUGM 748, 5-chome, 
Kyonan-cho, Musashino-shi, 
Tokyo (0422-3-2224) 


Morey, Rev. & Mrs. K. P., CJPM 
56, Nanatsuike, Koriyama-shi, 

Morgan, Miss Mary Neal, SB 
2-174, Nishi lozumi, Takatsuki- 
shi, Osaka 


Mork, Rev. Marcus, ALC 17, 
Kajima-cho, Fuji-shi, Shizuoka- 
ken (1392) 


Morrill, Mr. & Mrs. Douglas 
(Helen), IBC(UCBWM)-16, 4- 
chome, Nagamineyama, Oishi, 
Nada-ku, Kobe (86 6430) 



Morris, Mr. & Mrs. Donald, OMF 
531, Hon-cho, Nanae-machi, 
Kameda-gun, Hokkaido 

-t II * 

Morris, Miss Geneva, IBC(MC) 
c/o Hirosaki Gakuin, 9, Naka- 
kawarage-cho, Hirosaki-shi, 
Aomori-ken (2-3613) 

Morris, Miss Kathleen, ACF 
33, Daizenbara, Tomioka-machi, 
Futaba-gun, Fukushima-ken 

-t I) X 

Morris, Captain & Mrs. Ted, SA 
- 1039, Wada Hon-cho, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo (261 7311) 


Morriss, Rev. & Mrs. Woodward, 
PCUS 64, Asahi-cho, Toyo- 
hashi-shi, Aichi-ken (2-1620) 

-t I) x 

Moss, Rev. & Mrs. John (Hatsumi), 
IBC(MC) -814, 2-chome, Suido- 
cho, Niigata-shi (3-2584) 
ff ^ rfT/KililHj 2-814 -t- x 

Motoyama, Miss Julia, FKK 80, 
Shimo Midori-cho, Shichiku, 
Kita-ku, Kyoto (45 2384) 

Mueller, Miss Emmi, GAM 990, 
c/o Covenant Seminary 3- 
chome, Nakameguro, Meguro- 
ku, Tokyo 


Mueller, Rev. & Mrs. Robert, 
TEAM 15-15, 3-chome, Dai- 
zawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 


Mullan, Mr. & Mrs. Leonard, IND 

Mullins, Mr. & Mrs. Ansel 
(Sarah), CBFMS -667, Kamino- 
cho, Monto-machi, Yonezawa- 
shi, Yamagata-ken (3-1991) 

oj^m^^mp3^KroBT 667 

A - ]) V X 

Mundinger, Miss Dora, GMM 
c/o Nozomi no Mon Gakuen, 
1436, Futtsu-machi, Kimitsu- 
gun, Chiba-ken (Futtsu 218) 


A V -7- 4 ^ -ft 

Munsey, Miss F., FEAM Ikoma- 
gun, Nara-ken (0437-3821) 

Murala, Rev. & Mrs. Herbert, 
FEGC 13, Minami Shin-machi, 
Hachioji-shi, Tokyo 




Murch, Miss Barbara, IND 16, 
Hachiyaura, Yamamoto-machi, 


Murray, Miss Patricia, PEC c/o 
Lloyd, P. O. Box 8, Yokkaichi- 
shi, Mie-ken 

Mutch, Rev. & Mrs. Bruce, MSCC 
c/o Nagoya Student Center, 
260, Miyahigashi-cho, Showa- 
ku, Nagoya (78-0165) 


Mydland, Miss Bjorg, NMS 50, 
Takigatani, Shioya-cho, Taru- 
mi-ku, Kobe 
(Tarumi 3743) 

; K 7 v K 


Nado, Mr. Ronald, IBC(UCBWM) 
c/o lizuka, 378, 3-chome, Koma- 
gome, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 
(983-5642 Yobidashi) 
3 378 

Nakamura, Miss Tamiko, PCC 
24, Wakamiya-cho, Shinjuku- 
ku, Tokyo (269-2909) 

Namikawa, Mr. Iwajiro, OB 
Omi-Hachiman-shi, Shiga-ken 

Nations, Rev. Archie Lee, Th. D. 
& Mrs., SB- 423, Hoshiguma, 
Fukuoka-shi (82 6543) 

^ -f > 9 X X 

Naylor, Miss Barbara C., OMF 
Kaihoku, Kashin Shigai, Uta- 
shinai-shi, Hokkaido 

Nelson, Miss Ada L., ABFMS 
4, 3-chome, Kasuga-cho, Bun- 
kyo-ku, Tokyo (813-0935) 

Nelson, Miss Grace, CMSJ 1068, 
3-chome, Matsubara-machi, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo (321-1411) 

Nelson, Mr. & Mrs. P. W., SDA 
- 164-2, Onden 3-chome, Shibu- 
ya-ku, Tokyo (401-1171) 

s 164-2 

^ si- v v 


Rev. & Mrs. Richard, 
(Furlough until Summer 



Nethercut, Miss Carol, IBC j Nichols, Mr. & Mrs. Robert P., 

(UCBWM)-c/o Kobe Jogakuin 
Okadayama, Nishinomiya-shi, 
Hyogo-ken (5-1020) 

u-ttuw fti\m mill 

Netland, Mr. & Mrs. Anton, 
(Furlough until Summer 1965) 

Nettle, Miss Mary Ellen, IBC 
(UCC) Interboard-House, 2, 
Iligashi Toriizaka-machi, Aza- 
bu, Tokyo (481-3325) 

Neufeld, Miss Bertha, FEGC 
1183, Zushi, Zushi-shi, Kana- 
ga\va-ken (2978) 


Neve, Rev. & Mrs. Lloyd (Murie), 
ALC 109, 1-chome, Kyonan- 
cho, Musashino-shi, Tokyo 
(4 6624) 

ifUTfl 109 

Newell, Mr. W. H., (Ph. D.), & 
Mrs., CMS ICU, 1500, Osawa, 
Mitaka-shi, Tokyo (3-3131) 
l&iM. : MiJ<Vl 1500 ICU [Aj 

CC P. O. 


Box. 1, Yoyogi, 

- 3 yb X 

Nicholson, Rev. & Mrs. John, 
ABFMS-c/o Tokyo Woman s 
Christian College, 124, logi, 
Suginami-ku, Tokyo 
(399 1151) 


- 3 ^ v y 

Nicholson, Mr. & Mrs. Samuel, 
RSF Shimotsuma Meeting 
House, Junya, Shimotsuma-shi, 

Nielsen, Mr. & Mrs. Charles, 
(Furlough until Summer 1965) 

Nielsen, Mr. & Mrs. Paul 
(Marcia) CnC 94-21, Ichinem- 
bo-kami, Aza Odawara, Hara- 
no-machi, Sendai-shi, Miyagi- 

/ ; w,i filial ir r>?;iH; ^/MTUK ^ 

i/jh 21-94 --/u-ty 

Niemeyer, Mr. & Mrs. John, 
ABFMS 73,Kanoedai, Minami- 
ku, Yokohama (3-1338) 



Niemi, Miss Tyyne, LEAF- 4-37, 
3-chome, Denenchofu, Ota-ku, 
Tokyo (721-6454) 

Nimura, Miss Blanche, ASC c/o 
Christ s Children Home, Nagase, 
Saeki-shi, Oita-ken 

Ninomiya, Miss Toshiko, IND 
111, Nakamae-hara, Musashi- 
cho, Iruma-gun, Saitama-ken 


Noell, Mr. & Mrs. Frank, (Betty), 
CBFMS-90, Koganehara, Furu- 
kawa-shi, Miyagi-ken (1177) 

Nordbo, Rev. & Mrs. Anund, 
NMS- 15, 3-chome, Tetsuka- 
yama Nishi, Sumiyoshi-ku, 
Osaka (671-6320) 

^RrfTfMKTS^UjffiSTi 15 

/ tv ,-t-t 

Norden, Rev. & Mrs. Russell L. 
(Eleanor), IBC (RCA) 
(Furlough 1964-65) 

Nordlie-Nakazawa, Mrs. Edel, 
FCM 1 , Tamagawa-cho, Fushi- 
ki-machi, Takaoka-shi, Toyama- 

Nordstrom, Miss Elaine, BGC -- 
24, Shinohara Kita-cho, 3-chome, 
Nada-ku, Kobe (86-5224) 

/ X ^ h PA 

Nordtvedt, Rev. & Mrs. Thomas, 
LB- (Furlough) 

Norman, Mr. & Mrs. Bengt 
(Ingegerd), ECC- Tamagawa 
House, 139, Higashi Tamagawa- 
cho, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 


Norman, Rev. & Mrs. Howard, 
(Gwen).IBC (UCC)-P.O. Box 
79, Matsumoto-shi, Nagano-ken 

Norman, Mr. & Mrs. Richard, 
IND 16, Hachiyaura, Yamoto, 
Aza, Yamoto-machi, Monou- 
gun, Miyagi-ken 


Northup, Rev. Robert, Ph. D. & 
Mrs. Shio, IBC (UPC) 61, Ko- 
zenji-dori, Sendai-shi, Miyagi- 
ken (23-3256) 

Norton, Mr. & Mrs. James, TEAM 
- 1197, Karuizawa-machi, 




Norton, Rev. & Mrs. Richard, 
(Mary), IBC (UPC) - 1728, 
Nozuta-machi, Machida-shi, 
Tokyo (Machida 8675) 

JtfgtlWrfflTW&W 1728 

/ - b v 

Notehelfer, Rev. & Mrs. J. K. 
TEAM 52, Todoroki-machi, 
Tamagawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 



/ - 7- /w 

Nuding, Rev. & Mrs. Norman, 
LCA 25, Ichiban-cho, Koji- 
machi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 

Nukida, Rev. & Mrs. W. J., 
UPCM 671, 5-chome, Nukui- 
Kita-machi, Koganei-shi, Tokyo 

671 *^* 

Nyselius, Miss Marianne, MCCS 
31, 2-chome, Shinohara Hon- 
machi, Nada-ku, Kobe 


Oden, Miss Lovelace C., OMF 
5-chome, 7-jo, Misono, Sap 
poro-shi, Hokkaido 

Oehler, Rev. & Mrs, Harald, 
GEAM 20, 2-chome, Tomizaka, 
Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (811-2921) 

Oestreich, Mr. & Mrs. George W., 
IND (Furlough Sept. 64-Sept. 



Oetzel, Mr. & Mrs. Willi, LM 
Yamada-machi, Mizukaido-shi, 

1518 * - V * ^ 

Offner, Rev. & Mrs. Clark B., 
CCC (Furlough) 

Oglesby, Mrs. Angela M., PEC 
20, 8-chome, Nozaki-dori, 
Fukiai-ku, Kobe (22-6513) 

% y v * t* - 

Olefert, Miss Marier, FEGC 
1183, Zushi, Zushi-shi, Kana- 
gawa-ken (Zushi 2978) 

yj- /I/ 7 X ^ h 

Oliver, Rev. & Mrs. Edward L., 
SB 204, Murasakihara.Ujyuku- 
machi, Kagoshima-shi 

Olofsson, Miss Birgit, SFM 
(On Furlough) 



Olofsson, Miss Eva, SFM 

Olsen, Mr. & Mrs. Orville, LB 
Narayama, Motoshinmachi, 
Akita-shi (2-4949) 

Olson, Rev. & Mrs. Calvin A., 
SDA--171, Amanuma 1-chome, 
Suginami-ku, Tokyo 

% /is y v 

Olson, Miss Esther D., OMF 
4, Kakusen-cho, Hirosaki-shi, 

Omaye, Miss Kathleen Hisako, 
IND 2163, Karuizawa-machi, 
Nagano-ken (2302) 

Olson, Rev. & Mrs. George L., 
LCA Oaza Sukezane, Saijo- 
machi, Kamo-gun, Hiroshima- 
ken (Aki Saijo 2067) 

Or /L- y v 

Olson, Rev. & Mrs. James, LB 
Aramachi, Noshiro-shi, Akita- 

Olson, Rev. & Mrs. Norman, 
ALC 78, Torisucho, 2-chome, 
Minami-ku, Nagoya 

Or ^ y 

Orth, Rev. & Mrs. Donald (Celia), 
IBC (UCC) 1728, Nozuta, 
Machida-shi, Tokyo 
(Machida 8418) 


Osborne, Mr. & Mrs. David 
(Alice), A AM 1179-2, Oaza, 
Kida Neyagawa-shi, Osaka 


Osborne, Mr. & Mrs. Hugh, 
(Furlough until fall 1965) 

Ostensoe, Mr. & Mrs. Omer, LCA 
29, Mitsuzawa Shimo-cho, 
Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama 

ir ^ 7- v y - 

Ott, Mr. & Mrs. Paul, CJPM - 
6-3, Maru Ichi Apartments, 407, 
Yamazaki, Koriyama-shi, Fuku- 

7 -A--, h 

Overland, Rev. & Mrs. Norman 
(Beverlee), JFM 850, 1-chome, 
Okubo-cho, Hitachi-shi, Ibaragi- 




Overly, Mr. & Mrs. Norman V., 
ABFMS- (Furlough) 

Owen, Miss Evelyn, SB 110, 5- 
chome, Tokiwa-cho, Urawa- 
shi Saitama-ken (31-3558) 


Oxley, Rev. & Mrs. H. Dale, BPM 
1033, Shiromoto-machi, Hito- 
yoshi-shi, Kumamoto-ken 
^ W,A^ffifeWJ 1033 

Or -v V * v 

Oystryk, Major & Mrs. George 
(Gertrude) SA 1039, Wada 
Hon-machi, Suginami-ku, Tokyo 

\-y v 9 

Palmer, Miss Elizabeth, ACF 
33, Daizenbara, Tomioka-machi, 
Futaba-gun, Fukushima-ken 

S/U -v 

Palmer, Mr. & Mrs. Roy, NLL 
1736, Katayama, Niiza-machi, 
Kita-Adachi-gun, Saitama-ken 
(Tanashi 7-1625) 

|L| 1735 

Palmore, Rev. & Mrs. Peyton L., 
Ill (Mary Lou), IBC (MC) 7, 
10-chome, Daiko-cho, Higashi- 
ku, Nagoya (73-7385) 


Palmore, Rev. & Mrs. P. Lee, 
(Jean) IBC (MC) 1, 1-chome, 
Hanayama-cho, Nagata-ku, 

Kobe (6-3056) 

Pape, Rev. & Mrs. Wm. H., 
TEAM 15-15, 3-chome, Dai- 
sawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 


Parkee, Mr. Leslie R., CLC 
3509, Kita Oizumi-machi, 
Nerima-ku, Tokyo (291-1775) 

Parker, Rev. & Mrs. Calvin, SB 
7-18, Kamiyama-cho, Shibuya- 
ku, Tokyo (467-8930) 

Parker, Mr. & Mrs. Joe, JEM 
(Furlough until August 1965) 

Parks, Rev. & Mrs. H. W., UPCM 

Parr, Miss D. A., IND 86, 
Azuma-cho, Sakai-machi, Sawa- 
gun, Gunma-ken 




Parrot, Mr. & Mrs. George 
(Ruth), IBC (MC) 2, Wakagi- 
cho, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 
(408 9203) 

Parsons, Rev. & Mrs. Elmer 
(Marjorie) JFM 

Parsons, Miss Maud, IBC (MC) 
9 Nakakawarage-cho, Hiro- 
saki-shi, Aomori-ken 

Parsons, Rev. & Mrs. Norman, 
(Alice), IBC (MC)-80, Ushio 
Shinmachi, Kochi-shi 
(2 5549) 

Patkau, Miss Esther, GCMM 39, 
1-chome, Matsubashi-cho, Miya- 
zaki-shi (2 4574) 

Patachke, Rev. & Mrs. Arbie, 
MSL Higashi 7-jo, Minami 1- 
chome, Bibai-shi, Hokkaido 
(Bibai 3530) 

Patterson, Rev. & Mrs. Ronald 
W., JRB 3227, 1-ku, Nishihara- 
machi, Mito-shi, Ibaragi-ken 


Patterson, Rev. & Mrs. James A., 
BGC (Furlough) 

Patton, Mr. & Mrs. Andrew 
(Betty), CnC- (Furlough) 

Pearson, Miss Sonjie, IBC (MC) 
11, Konno-cho, Shibuya-ku, 
Tokyo (408-1914) 

Pease, Miss Harriet, CBFMS 30, 

Ochiai, Kurume-machi, Kita- 
tama-gun, Tokyo 

h -X 

Pease, Mr. & Mrs. Richard, CM A 
57, 4-chbme, Shinohara-Kita- 
machi, Nada-ku, Kobe 

b -X 

Pedersen, Rev. & Mrs. Eric, ALC 
- 3530, Fujimidai, Chikusa-ku, 
Nagoya (75-5495) 

L* - ? ~ -t V 

Pedersen, Miss Lois, ALC 1807, 
Hanegi-cho, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
Uia^tftffl^K^m^lflJ 1807 

t - 9 - -fe V 

Pedersen, Miss Ruth E., FCM 
5, 4-chome, Funadera-dori, Nada 
ku, Kobe 

- ? ~ -t v 



Pedersen, Rev. & Mrs. Harald 
Bernhard, NMS 32, Teraguchi- 
cho, Nada-ku, Kobe 

t" - # - -t v 

Pedigo, Mr. & Mrs. Ray, IND- 
P. O. Box 8, Kure-shi, Hiro 

Pelttari, Miss Maija, FFFM 
P. O. Box 14, Ayabe-shi, Kyoto 

Pendergrass, Mrs. Edna, CC-c/o 
Yoyogi Hachiman Church of 
Christ, P. O. Box 1, Yoyogi, 

Pennington, Rev. & Mrs. James, 
(Gloria), PRM-P. O. Box 589, 

Penny, Miss Florence E., 
WRBCMS-467, Oaza Ai, Ibara- 
ki-shi, Osaka (0262-3145) 

Perkins, Rev. & Mrs. Rodger, 
AG 166, 4-chome, Nagamine- 
yama, Oishi, Nada-ku, Kobe 
< - * V X 

Persson, Mr. & Mrs. Folke, SEMJ 

Peters, Miss Dorothy, FEGC - 
1101, Morooka, Ome-shi, Tokyo 


Peters, Miss Pauline, MBM 59, 
Sonpachi-cho, Ikeda-shi, Osaka 
; Wft&ffi 

Petersen, Rev. & Mrs. Harry J., 
AG-Far East Servicemen s 
Home, 1437, Kumagawa, Fussa- 
machi, Nishitama-gun, Tokyo 
(Fussa 966) 


Petersen, Rev. & Mrs. Lyle, 
TEAM-1581, Katayama, Niiza- 
machi, Saitama-ken 


Peterson, Rev. & Mrs. Leonard, 
CMSJ 2134, Kaizawa-machi, 
Takasaki-shi, Gunma-ken 

Peterson, Mr. & Mrs. LeRoy, 
CMSJ 593, Akazutsumi-machi, 
2-chome, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 




Peterson, Rev. & Mrs. Lyle W., 
PCUS-87, Takajo-machi, Kochi 
shi (2 2937) 

Peteraon, Miss Naemi, MCCS- 
913, Kadota Bunka-machi, Oka- 

t* - * - y :/ 

Pettereson, Miss Anna, OMSS 
Higashi Tanagawa, Misaki-cho, 
Sennan-gun, Osaka 

b* # V V 

Pfaff, Miss Anna M., FKK 152- 
1, Bessho-cho, Kishiwada-shi, 
Osaka (Kishiwada 2 1961) 

Pfeifer, Mr. Samuel, IND 7 Ken- 
machi, Ibigawa-machi, Ibi-gun, 
Gifu-ken (Ibi 857) 

Phibba, Rev. Don, NTM 

Phillips, Rev. & Mrs. G. N., 
TEAM 15-15, 3-chome, Dai- 
zawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

7 ^ y ,-?*. 

Phillips, Rev, James, Ph. D. & 
Mrs. Ruth, IBC(UPC) -6 of 13, 
4-chome, Kudan, Chiyoda-ku, 
Tokyo (261 6763) 

J t | 13-6 
7 4 y / -? 7* 

Phillipe, Rev. & Mrs. Lyle, AG 
House 8-Sagami Heights, 
Chuo Rinkan, Shimo Tsuruma, 
Yamato-shi, Kanagawa-ken 

Pickel, Rev. & Mrs. D. L., AGM 
Sakate Shodoshima, Kagawa- 

Pickering, Rev. & Mrs. F. L., 
JRB 380, Nakagawa, Takaoka- 
shi, Toyama-ken 


Pickett, Rev. & Mrs. Clyde, AGM 
- Dogukoji, Takanabe-cho, 
Koyu-gun, Miyazaki-ken 

Pietsch, Rev. & Mrs. T., TBC 
Tokyo Bible Center, 9 of 9 
2-chome, Yakumo-machi, Me- 
guro-ku, Tokyo 

Piirainen, Miss Kaisu, LEAF 
Nishi 12-chome, Minami 12-jo, 
Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

Tl 1 



Placzek, Rev. & Mrs. Frank, 
FEGC- (Furlough June 1964- 
June 1965) 

Plenio, Mr. Helmut, GAM 
Hinode-machi, Kuroda, Kiso- 
gawa-cho, Aichi-ken 

Poetter, Rev. Richard, WELS- 
4022, Ishikawa-cho, Mito-shi, 
Ibaragi-ken (2-6204) 

Ptilkki, Mr. & Mrs. Eero, FFFM 

Pollnitz, Deaconess Else, IND 
2701, Daisaku, Kawasaki-shi, 

Pontius, Rev. & Mrs. George, 
NLL 3-597, Karuizawa-machi, 


Pope, Miss Jo Ann 811, Asahi- 
cho, Sakurai-shi, Nara-ken 

Porteous, Mr. Henry J., CLC 
Nishi 1-chome, Minami 1-jo, 
Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

l 3kn 1 TH 

Post, Miss Helen, IBC (MC) 
10-2, 1-chome, Shoto-cho, Shibu- 
ya-ku, Tokyo (467-7909) 

m&^&Rfamm i r@ 10-2 
#* h 

Powders, Rev. & Mrs. James, 
BBF 149, Shimo Yakiri, 
Matsudo-shi, Chiba-ken 

Powell, Miss Catherine, WUMS 
221, Yamate-cho, Naka-ku, 
Yokohama (64-3993) 

Powell, Miss L. M., MSCC New 
Life Sanitarium, Obuse-machi, 
Kami Takai-gun, Nagano-ken 
(Obuse 33) 

Powers, Mr. & Mrs. Floyd (Musa), 
AAM 13-1202, Okayama, Shijo- 
nawate-machi, Kitakawachi- 
gun, Osaka 

1202-13 ^< 7 - X 

Powles, Rev. & Mrs. Cyril, MSCC 
c/o Seikokai Shingakuin, 8, 
2-chome, Tamagawa, Naka- 
machi, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 




Pratt, Mr. & Mrs. Paul (Kathleen) , 
CnC 27, Sakurayama-machi, 
Nakano-ku, Tokyo (361-0533) 

Presson, Mr. & Mrs. C. (Adrian). 
IND 862, Kyodo-cho, Setagaya- 
ku, Tokyo (429-3389) 

7 V ; V V 

Price, Rev. & Mrs. Harold Lee, 
SB-2325, 5-chome, Kami-me- 
guro, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 


Price, Miss Jewel, UMI 

Price, Miss Winifred, FEGC- 
1242, Yorii-machi, Osato-gun, 

Prins, Mr. & Mrs. Harry, EFCM 
--17, 7-chome, Shinmachi, 
Higashiyamamoto, Yao-shi, 

>*;6M A^if/miii^rrfH; 7-17 

-/ V v * 

Pruitt, Mr. & Mrs. Dudley 
(Grace), AFSC- (Furlough) 

Pye, Mr. & Mrs. E. Michael, 
CMS-Rikkyo High School, 
Nobidome, Shinza-machi, Kita- 
adachi-gun, Saitama-ken 
(Shiki 425/6) 

Quarnntrom, Miss Harriett, CMSJ 
1068, 3-chome, Matsubara- 
machi, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 


Quigley, Rev. & Mrs. Darrel M., 
MSL 24, Midori-cho, Taki- 
kawa-shi, Hokkaido 


Raby, Miss Judy, IND 

Rahn, Rev. & Mrs. R. W. (Janet), 
(Furlough 1964-1965) 

Ramseyer, Rev. & Mrs. Robert 
L., GCMM 504-1, Kirishima- 
cho, Miyazaki-shi (2 6406) 

7 A-t f -^- 



Randall, Miss Mary Jo, SB - 
6-38, Minami-cho, Itabashi-ku, 
Tokyo (955-5860) 
ifc#*Bte"fiSKlW 38-6 

7 v K 

Rankin, Rev. Z.T., BMA 

(Furlough August 64 to August 

Rasche, Mr. John M., IBC 
(UCBWM) -(Furlough 64- 65) 

Rasmussen, Mr. Eric, IBC (MC) 
#10 Kwansei Gakuin, Nishino- 
miya-shi, Hyogo-ken (5-2433) 

Rasmussen, Rev. Peter R., LCA 
389, Izumi-cho, Isahaya-shi, 
Nagasaki-ken (814) 
*&&!* W&WT 389 

7 ^ A v -t v 

Read, Mr & Mrs. Colin, AGB 
2-712, Amanuma-machi, Omiya- 
shi, Saitama-ken 
ittilMrgrlT?cjgW 2-712 

i; - K 

Reagan, Rev. & Mrs. John M., 
PCUS -l-420,Minami-Komatsu- 
bara, Niihama-shi, Ehime-ken 
g0MffJS&rf]/.M&lg 420-1 

7 - -ft v 

Reasoner, Rev. & Mrs. Rollin, 
FEGC-585, Koigakubo, Koku- 
bunji-machi, Tokyo 

Reber, Rev. & Mrs. Don, (Bar 
bara), JMM 428, Honan-cho, 
Suginami-ku, Tokyo (311-4277) 

KOUB&ffiKtftfiWr 428 

y x?- 

Rechkemmer, Mr. & Mrs. Albert, 
LM Seizan, Sagamihara-shi, 
Kanagawa-ken (52-0607) 

Reddington, Rev. & Mrs. Kenneth, 
FEGC 264, Tonoue, Sarubashi- 
machi, Otsuki-shi, Yamanashi- 


Reece, Rev. & Mrs. Taylor, 
TEAM 118, Kita-Oyama-cho, 

Niigata-shi (4-2743) 

118 9-x 

Reeds, Miss Felice G., OMF 

Reedy, Mr. & Mrs. Boyd (Jitsuko) , 
IBC (MC) 10, Kami Uma- 
machi, 1-chome, Setagaya-ku, 
Tokyo (414-6553) 


Regier, Miss Evelyn, BMMJ 128 
Kasuga-cho, Fukushima-shi 

Reid, Rev. & Mrs. J. D., (Etsu), 
IBC (MC) (Furlough 64- 65) 



Reid, Rev. & Mrs. John, TEAM 
566, Koyabe-cho, Yokosuka-shi 
*&/lim**rfj .h*r 566 
!) - K 

Reid, Miss Pearl, JFM 441-2, 
Maruyama-dori, Abeno-ku, 

Osaka (661-4661) 

*Rffi|SH&tFK*llUa 2-441 

i; _ K 

Rciff, Miss Mabel, IBC (UCBWM) 
2-24, 3-chome, Okaido-machi, 
Matsuyama-shi, Ehime-ken 

SPWairfj:*;ffiaT 3TF124-2 

=7 1~7 

Reimer, Mr. & Mrs. Cliff, NLL 
1736, Katayama, Niiza-machi, 
Kita-Adachi-gun, Saitama-ken 
(Tanashi 7-1625) 

j 1736 

Reimer, Rev. & Mrs- Raymond, 
GCMM-314, Shoko Kaikan, 
Chuo-dori, Nobeoka-shi, Miya- 

$, 314 7 4 -*~ 

Reimer, Rev. & Mrs. Willard, 
FEGC Onakazato, Toda, Fuji- 
nomiya-shi, Shizuoka-ken 

Reinholt, Miss Donna, WUMS - 
221, Yamatemachi, Naka-ku, 
Yokohama (64-3993) 

Remahl, Miss Ragna, LEAF- 

Ressler, Miss Ruth, JMM-Kami- 
shihoro-machi, Kato-gun, Hok 
kaido (233) 

Ix y 7. 7 - 

Reynolds, Mr. & Mrs. Arthur T. F. 
OMF- Kita 22-jo, Nishi 6-chome, 
Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

ix -Y / yi- X 

Rhoads, Rev. & Mrs. H. John, 
TEL (furlough until June 

Rhoden, Mr. & Mrs. Maurice, 
CN Ooaza Hama-Ji 9-45, 
Dazaifu-machi, Chikushi-gun, 

-If 9-45 P-TV 

Rhodes, Mr. & Mrs. E.A., CC - 
Nogeyama Christian Church, 
Nogeyama, Naka-ku, Yoko 

Rhodes, Rev. Errol F. W., Ph. 
D. & Mrs., PEC-Rikkyo Dai- 
gaku, 3-chome, Ikebukuro, 
Toshima-ku, Tokyo 
(983-0028), (983-0111) 



Ribble, Rev. & Mrs. Richard B., 
PCUS 1 Yamada-cho, 3-chome, 
Nada-ku, Kobe (85-2760) 

3-1 ]) y/ix 

Ribi, Rev. & Mrs. Kurt, IND 
1062, Kami Hoya, Hoya-machi, 
Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 


i; tf 

Richard, Mr. & Mrs. Wesley, 
JMM 1, Minami 17-chome, 
Nishi 7-jo, Obihiro, Hokkaido 

;**- x 

Richards, Mrs. Exie, UM1 41, 
5-chome, Udetsuka-cho, Nagata- 
ku, Kobe 

WF>rfTMfflKfj&w 5 rn 41 

y ^ * - K 

Richards, Rev. & Mrs. Joe 
(Emma), JMM-533, 6- jo, 6- 
chome, Misono, Sapporo, Hok 
kaido (83-5312) 

itmrntmifimm e & e rn 533 

y -?- * - x 

Richardson, Miss Kathryn Ann, 
IBC (MC)-Iai Joshi Koto 
Gakko, 64, Suginami-cho, Hako 
date Hokkaido (2-5277) 

Richters, Mr. & Mrs. B. J. IND 
P. O. Box 3, Arakawaoki- 
machi, Tsuchiura-shi, Ibaragi- 

Rickard, Rev. & Mrs. Harold 
(Margaret), IBC (MC) 1, 1- 
chome, Hanayama-cho, Nagata- 
ku, Kobe (6-3056) (after Dec.) 

Riddles, Miss Kathleen A., IND 
c/o Y. Sano 945, 4-chome, 
Shimomeguro, Meguro-ku, 


]) K/u^, 

Rider, Miss Shirley IBC (UPC) 
924-12, Akutagawa, Takatsuki- 
shi, Osaka 


Ridley, Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth T., 
CLC 3509, Kita Oizumi-machi, 
Nerima-ku, Tokyo (291-1775) 

]) K y _ 

Ridley, Rev. & Mrs. Walter, 
(Margaret), IBC (UCC) 611, 
Hongo, Miwa, Nagano-shi 

611 y K i; - 

Rigmark, Rev. & Mrs. William, 
CMSJ (Furlough) 



Riis, Miss Helena, FCM 

Rinell, Rev. & Mrs. Oscar, SBM 
637, Shinzaike, Himeji-shi, 
Hyogo-ken (23-2052) 

tfW,^Wr# # 637 

D % - ,v 

Ritchie, Mr. & Mrs. David, FEGC 
111 Hakuraku, Kanagawa-ku, 
Yokohama (49-9017) 

Robb, Rev. & Mrs. Donald I. 
(Betty), RPM Box 10, Tarumi, 
Kobe (Tarumi 2155) 


Roberts, Mr. & Mrs. Geoffrey D., 
WEC -1-57, Maruyama, Kita- 
Shirakawa-cho, Sakyo-ku, 

Kyoto (78-6524) 


Roberts, Mrs. May M., IBC 
(UCBWM) -Kobe Jogakuin, 
Okadayama, Nishinomiya-shi, 
Hyogo-ken (5-1020) 

ifi Ififfl ill MH 4c ^l% 

Robertstad, Miss Ruth, NLM -8 
Nakajima-dori, 2-chome, Fukiai- 
ku, Kobe (223601) 

- 2--8 

Robinson, Miss Clara Mae, 
TEAM -1105, Amori, Nagano- 
shi, Nagano-ken 
Sffriri$!HT H05 

p t* v v v 

Robinson, Miss H. M., MSCC 
13-5, Shogetsu-cho, Mizuho-ku, 
Nagoya (88-0275) 

fvfittififfiWKteflmr 5-13 

p t* y V y 

Rodders, Rev. & Mrs. Lavern F., 
BBF -1-13-11, Matsunami-cho, 
Chiba-shi (51-2929) 

Roesgaard, Rev. & Mrs. Olaf, 
SCD -4-C, Ishiyakawaso, 11-3, 
Yuminoki-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe 
WprfiB>-3>*Br 3-11 

p X ** - K 

Roesti, Miss Magdalene, LM 
Minami Hara 906, Kamisaku, 
Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa-ken 

Rogers, Miss Daphne, IBC (UCC) 
(Furlough 1964 1965) 

Rogers, Rev. & Mrs. Minor L., 
PEC Okuchi Seikokai, Sato 
Gotanda, Okuchi-shi, Kago- 
shima-ken, (Okuchi 450) 



Rohm, Rev. & Mrs. Alfred IFG 
806, Higashi Oizumi, Nerima- 
ku, Tokyo 

Ross, Rev. & Mrs. Myron, 
(Naomi), IBC (UCBWM) #8, 
Kansei Gakuin, Nishinomiya- 
shi, Hyogo-ken (5-1425) 

P -y ^ 

Roundhill, Mr. & Mrs. Ken S., 
WEC- (Furlough until Dec. 

Rounds, Rev. Philard L., OBS 
32, 2-chome, Kitamachi, Shino- 
hara, Nada-ku, Kobe 

W 2-32 

7 > y X 

Rudolph, Miss Bjorg E., FCM 
(How Mrs. Nils Ibstedt) 
565, Shimo-ozo, Enzan-shi, 

P A i 

Rohrer, Miss Frieda, SAJM 
(Furlough from July 1964) 

Rojas, Rev. & Mrs. Josef, MCCS 

Rokka, Mr. & Mrs. Jukka, FFFM 
91, Higashi Tenno-cho, Oka- 
zaki, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

P y ^ 

Ross, Rev. & Mrs. M. D., WRPL 
8, 1-chome, Azumabashi 
Sumida-ku, Tokyo (622-5248) 

Rudolph, Mr. & Mrs. J. W. (Elin), 
FCM (Furlough from June, 

Ruetz, Mr. & Mrs. Ray, IND. 
(Furlough until June 1965) 

Ruhtenberg, Miss Hannelore, 
GMM Nozomi no Mon Gakuen, 
1436, Futtsu-machi, Kimitsu- 
gun, Chiba-ken (Futtsu 218) 

Rumme, Rev. & Mrs. Delbert, 
ALC 55, Kirigaoka 2-chome, 
Handa-shi, Aichi-ken (2189) 

Jr. 2 Tf3 55 

Rusch, Mr. Paul, IND (PEC) 19 
Akashi-cho, Chuo-ku, Tokyo 

ifatw&KraBr 19 

7 y *y a 

Rusckow, Mr. & Mrs. Johannes, 
IND1276- 7, Tajima, Fukuoka- 

7-1276 7^3- 

Russell, Mr. & Mrs. L. Wayne, 
CEF 1599, Higashikubo, Kami- 
arai, Tokorozawa, Saitama-ken 



Ryan, Mr. Clifford-30, Ochiai, 
Kurume-machi, Kitatama-gun 

Rydberg, Rev. & Mrs. Arne, 
MCCS-5-3, Kitase, Fukuda-cho, 
Kurashiki-shi, Okayama-ken 

?smiirrjt^ 3-5 

D K -< /I ? -y \- 

Sackett, Mr. Leslie, IBC(UCBWM) 
Interboard House, 2, Higashi 
Toriizaka-machi, Azabu, 

Minato-ku, Tokyo (481-3325) 

h>}bW 2 

Sager, Mr. Gene Charles, IBC 
(MC) 7, 10-chome, Daiko-cho, 
Higashi-ku, Nagoya 


Sakwitz, Rev. & Mrs. William, 
AG 42, Okamoto Umenotani, 
Motoyama-cho, Higashi-Nada- 
ku, Kobe (85-3502) 

Salo, Miss Leena, LEAF 

Salomonsen, Rev. & Mrs. Leif, 
NMS 139, Higashi Tamagawa- 
cho, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

y- p -t x -t y 

Sandberg, Rev. & Mrs Erik 
(Hanna), OMSS 1009, Daisen- 
cho, Sakai-shi, Osaka 

Sager, Mr. & Mrs. Jack, SDA 
164, 3-chome, Onden, Shibuya 
ku, Tokyo (401-1171) 

3 T[| 164 

Sanderson, Miss Rennie, SB 
11/798, Nishishin-machi, Fuku- 

Saito, Mr. & Mrs. Morse, (Ruth), 
IBC (MC)4-8, Kitanagasa- 
dori, 4-chome, Ikuta-ku, Kobe 

Sands, Miss Matilda, JEB-15, 
Otani, Oasa-cho, Itano-gun, 
Tokushima ken 


-y- y X 

Sandvik, Rev. & Mrs. Trygve, 
NMS (Furlough) 



Sanoden, Rev. & Mrs Russell, 
ALC 78, 2-chome, Torisu-cho, 
Minami-ku, Nagoya (81-5046) 

Sapsford, Rev. & Mrs. Leslie, 
TEAM (Furlough until Sum 
mer 1965) 

Sarjjeant, Mr. & Mrs. John (Pearl), 
ABWE-c/o A.B.W.E. P.O. Box 
393, Kobe (Soon to move to 
Kobe from Kagoshima) 
ttFfBM^&Wt 393 
7 y -y*-~*y a V %-? * -77- 

-y- -:/ i* v b 

Satterwhite, Dr. James, M. D. 
& Mrs., SB 26, Kami-Minami- 
da-cho, Jodoji, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

-tf- * ~ H-, 7 -f Y 

Savage, Rev. Leslie E. AG 55, 
5-chome, Hiratsuka-cho, Shina- 
gawa-ku, Tokyo (781-9709) 

Schar, Mr. & Mrs. Paul, SAJM 
Chigusa, Kanai-machi, Sado- 
gun, Niigata-ken (Tel. 2777) 

Scheie, Miss Anna, NLM 19-4 
chome, Nishi Akashi-cho, Aka- 
shi-shi, Hyogo-ken 


Scherman, Dr. Fred C., D. D. S., 
IND 5, 2-chome, Surugadai, 
Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 


Schiefer, Mr. & Mrs. Clifford 
(Marion) CBFMS 70, Sekine- 
cho, Suginami-ku, Tokyo 

*y - -7 x >\> 

Schmid, Deaconess Ruth, MAR 
(LCM) 133-4, Aza Nishi- 
matsumoto, Nishi-Hirano, 

Mikage-cho, Higashi-Nada-ku, 


Schmidt, Mr. Alfred, Ph. D. & 
Mrs., IND 2370, 1 -chome, 
Araijuku, Oota-ku, Tokyo 


Schmidt, Miss Dorothy, IBC(UPC) 
6 of 13, 4-chome, Kudan, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (261-6701) 



Schmidt, Miss Velma, JEM - 
23-1, Saiwai-cho, Takada-shi, 

Schneider, Miss Doris, IBC (EUB) 
Muko Mansion, 8 Mukonosho 
2-chome, Amagasaki-shi, Hyogo- 
ken (401-1863 8 a.m. to 9 p.m.) 

5t6ff -r v -y 3 v *y * )- 4 if 
Schneider, Miss Rita, CJPM 
126 Aza Hayama, Kubota, Kori- 
yama-shi, Fukushima-ken 

v i -r 4 *f - 

Schnydrigr, Miss Emmi, IND 
Yubiso, Minakami-machi, Tone- 
gun, Gunma-ken 

V i - K D v ;/ 

Schone, Rev. & Mrs. John R., 
TEAM - 1392 Karuizawa-machi, 
Nagano-ken (3426) 
gF&|?#iRBir 1392 v n - t- 
Schoppa, Rev. & Mrs. Leonard, 
MSL 860, 4-chome, Shimo- 
meguro, Meguro ku, Tokyo 

C/ a -y- - 

Schroer, Rev. Gilbert W., Ph. D. 
& Mrs. Cornelia, IBC(UCBWM) 
5-26, 3-chome, Osawa, 
Kawara, Morioka-shi, Iwate-ken 

Schubert, Rev. & Mrs. William 
E. f RF -2163, Karuizawa-machi, 
Nagano-ken (2302) 

Schuessler, Rev. & Mrs. Deane, 
MSL, Hitsujigaoka Danchi, 
Jutaku Higashi, Tsukisappu, 
Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

Schultz, Rev. & Mrs. Helmut C., 
QMS -(Furlough) 

Schulz, Miss Evelyn Ann, LCA 
Kyushu Jogakuin, 300 Muro- 
zono, Shimizu-machi, Kuma- 
moto-shi (4 0281) 


Schurr, Mr. & Mrs. Henry M. 
(Joyce), IBC (UCBWM) 2 of 
1103, 8-chome, Koyama, Shina- 
gawa-ku, Tokyo (781 0869) 


Schwab, Mr. & Mrs. John, TEAM 
26, 2-chome, Kotake-cho, 
Nerima-ku, Tokyo (955-6566) 



Schweitzer, Mr. 
(UCBWM) 28, 
(22-6812 Yobidashi) 

Carl, IBC 

! Setterholm, Rev. & Mrs. Paul, 
LCA 3765, Onoue, Yanai-shi, 
Yamaguchi-ken (432) 

Scruton, Miss Fern, IBC (UCC) 
(Preretirement Furlough 1964- 

Seeger, Rev. Richard M., WELS 
#20, 2, Tomisaka-cho, Tokyo 

-y - if 

Seely, Rev. Donald, IBC (MC) 
5, Shimo Shirogane-cho, Hiro- 
saki-shi, Aomori-ken 
(Week day 2-1311/3) 
(Other days 2-4842) 

Seely, Mr. & Mrs. Arthur, PBA 
(TEAM) 168, Izumi-cho, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo (321-2280) 

Selzer, Miss Arietta, JMM c/o 
Hokkaido International School, 
8-chome, Nishi 2-jo, Tsukisappu, 
Sapporo, Hokkaido (86-1933) 

2 & s r n 

Shaw, Mr. & Mrs. Bernard, FEGC 


Sheldahl, Rev. & Mrs. Lowell, 
ALC 1651, Irie Harashita, 
Shimizu-shi, Shizuoka-ken 

rfi AzIJlCT 1651 

Shelhorn, Mr. & Mrs. Raymond, 
COG 66, Shimonamiki, Kawa- 
saki-shi, Kanagawa-ken 

Shelton, Rev. & Mrs. Arthur T., 
OMS (Furlough) 

Shenk, Rev. & Mrs. Charles 
(Ruth), JMM Shibecha-cho, 
Kamikawa-gun, Hokkaido 

-fe ^ -7 

Shepard, Rev. John W., Jr., Th. 
D. & Mrs. SB 11-798, Nishi- 
shin-machi, Fukuoka (82-8526) 
WlWffHT 798-11 

X*^<- K 

Sheppard, Miss Alison, MSCC 
200, Higashi-ku, Arigasaki, 
Matsumoto-shi, Nagano-ken 

& 200 



Sherer, Rev. & Mrs. Robert C, 
SB -(Furlough) 

Shibata, Rev. & Mrs. George, 
MSL 6703-94, Kugenuma Kai- 
gan, Fujisawa-shi, Kanagawa- 
ken (2-3516) 

i* 94-6703 

Shimer, Mr. Eliot, D.S.W. & Mrs. 
Antoinette, IBC (MC) 638, 1- 
chome, Shiroyama-machi, Na 
gasaki (4-1928) 

LW& rf i M Ul 0J 1-638 > -v 4- -v - 

Shirk, Miss Helen, LCA -551, Aza 
Noma, Itami-shi, Hyogo-ken 

Shook, Paul & Vada, ABWE 
(Furlough to 1965) 

Shorey, Mr & Mrs. William, 
TEAM -462, 1-chome, Matsu- 
gaoka, Nagareyama-machi, Hi- ; 
gashi Katsushika-gun, Chiba- 

462 i/ 3 - l> - 

Shorrock, Rev. & Mrs. Hallam, 
ICU, ISOOOsawa, Mitaka-shi, 
Tokyo (Musashino 3-3131) 

Sides, Mrs. Norma M., AG 
(Assc) 310-4, Hamao Kashii- 
cho, Fukuoka-shi 


Siebert, Rev. & Mrs. Johnny, 
FEGC-736, Chigase, Ome-shi 
Tokyo (Ome 3094) 

Simeonsson, Mr. & Mrs. Roland, 
SAMJ-74-6, Shimo Mukai- 
yama, Kaminogocho, Gamagori- 
shi, Aichi-ken (6259) 

f6j # Ui 

6-74 -> / jj- v V y 

Simons, Miss Marion, IBC (MC) 
Aikei Gakuen, 1035, 1-chome, 
Motoki-cho, Adachi-ku, Tokyo 


Simonsson, Rev. & Mrs. Alf- 
Erik, MCCS 640, Asahi-machi, 
Kurashiki-shi, Okayama-ken 

Sims, Mr. & Mrs. Harold (Lois), 
CNC -1-52, Arai-machi, Naka- 
no-ku, Tokyo (386-5171) 



Sipple, Mr. & Mrs. Carl, IBC 
(UCBWM) 69, Katahira-cho, 
Sendai-chi, Miyagi-ken 

Skillman, Mr. John, Ph. D. & 
Mrs. Verlie Anne, IBC (MC) 
2, Wakagi-cho, Shibuya-ku, 
Tokyo (408-9204) 


Skoog, Miss Maj-Britt, OMSS 
65, 2-chome, Shonai Nishimachi, 
Toyonaka-shi, Osaka 


Smeland, Miss Anne, IBC (MC) 
Apt. 2, 11, Konno-cho, Shibu 
ya-ku, Tokyo (408-9369) 

; Smit, Rev. & Mrs. Harvey A., 
CRJM (Furlough) 

Smith, Miss Alice E. JEB c/o 
Student Christian Centre, 3-1, 
2-chome, Surugadai, Kanda, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (291-1512) 

a 3-1 

Skoglund, Rev. & Mrs. Herbert, 
BGC -Toge, Hashimoto-shi, 

Slaney, Mr. & Mrs. David G., JRB 
(Furlough until Spring 1965) 

Sletholen, Rev. & Mrs. Magne 
(Lillian), FCM 22, 1-chome, 
Zenshoji-cho, Suma-ku, Kobe 

1 T0 22 

Smith, Mr. & Mrs. Billy, CC 
Ibaraki Christian College 4048, 
Omika, Kuji-machi, Hitachi-shi, 
Ibaragi-ken (Kujihama 2251) 

Smith, Miss D. Jane, MM 
Tomidahama, Yokkaichi-shi, 
Mie-ken (Yokkaichi 6-0096) 

Smith, E. Ruth, TEAM 1143, 4- 
chome, Matsubara-cho, Setaga- 
ya-ku, Tokyo (321-9768) 


Smith, Genevieve, TEAM 1143, 
4-chome, Matsubara-cho, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo (321-9768) 

Smith, Mr. & Mrs. Gerald, IND 
Higashi 7-jo, 2-chome, 
Asahigawa-shi, Hokkaido 



Smith, Rev. & Mrs. Harry, IND. 

Smith, Miss Irene Webster, JEB 
c/o Student Christian Center 
1-3, 2-chome, Surugadai, Kanda, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (291-1512) 

Smith, Mr. Roy (MC Retired) 
4, Nagamineyama, Oishi Nada- 
ku, Kobe (86-3013) 


Smith, Mr. & Mrs. Jack, SB- 
19/7, 2-chome, Uehara-cho, 
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo (467-9551) 

JKsCIPJKSK.hSW 2-19-7 

7 ; ^ 

Smith, Miss Lucy E., SB 
(Furlough until June 1965) 

Smith, Miss Marie B., AG (Assc.) 
1-1743, Aza Tesaki, Sumiyoshi- 
cho, Higashi Nada-ku, Kobe 


Smith, Miss Maureen R., JEB 
1 of 25, Kawada, Minoshima, 
Arita-shi, Wakayama-ken 

296-10, Hannyaji, Kyomachi, 
Chikushino-machi, Chikushi- 
gun, Fukuoka-ken 

Snelson, Miss Irene, FKK 3-4, 
2-chome, Akasaka-dori, Nada- 
ku, Kobe (86-7246) 
WprtTJiK^JISii 2-3-4 

^ % >\, y y 

Snider, Rev. & Mrs. K. Lavern 
(Lois) JFM 
(Furlough until 1967) 

Stiderlund, Rev. & Mrs. Anders, 
MCCS 552, Wada, Tamano-shi, 
Okayama-ken (8366) 

iiT ?nra 552 

tf - 7- /U 7 X K 

Solly, Miss A., OMF-54, Sakae- 
cho, Itayanagi, Kita Tsugaru- 
gun, Aomori-ken 

.V 54 

y y - 

Smith, Rev. & Mrs. Nathan, CG Soltau, Mr. & Mrs. Addison P 

Smith, Rev. Robert M., PEC - 
35, Honmura-cho, Azabu, 
Minato-ku, Tokyo 
(Ch. 431-8534) 
(Home 473-2394) 

JPM 273-1, Horinouchi, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 

y /u b - 

Sondeno, Rev. & Mrs. Fredolf, 
AG 1, Narutaki, Mizuho-cho, 
Ukyo-ku, Kyoto 



Sorenson, Rev. & Mrs. Morris, 
Jr., ALC 363, 1-chome, Nishi- 
kubo, Musashino-shi, Tokyo 

Sorhus, Rev. & Mrs. Magnus, 
(Else), NLM Ueno-cho, Tsu- 
yama-shi, Okayama-ken (3975) 

Sorley, Rev. & Mrs. Francis B., 
BGC 832-1, Yoshihara, Mi- 
hama-machi, Hidaka-gun, Waka- 
yama-ken (Gobo 2134) 

^fC 1-832 

Southerland, Rev. & Mrs. 
Lawrence M., SB 7/34 1- 
chome, Torikai, Fukuoka-shi 


Spaulding, Mr. & Mrs. L.R., JEM 
1362-2, Tonowa, Kujiranami- 
machi, Kashiwazaki-shi, Niigata- 


Spear, Rev. & Mrs. Gene W. 
(Ruth), RPM^Port P.O. Box 
589 Kobe (86-5756) 

Speechley, Miss G.M., IND-c/o 
Y. Sano, 4-945, Shimo Meguro, 
Meguro-ku, Tokyo (712-1297) 
M 4-945 

Spencer, Rev. & Mrs. A.E., Jr., 
SB P. O. Box 229, Baptist 
Bookstore, Koza, Okinawa 


< v -y- - 

Sprunger, Mr. & Mrs. Walter F., 
GCMM 5330, Namiki, Kami- 
kawa, Higashi-machi, Miyako- 
nojo-shi, Miyazaki-ken (1188) 

^ ~7 V V -ft 

Spoor, Miss Eulalia, 1ND 1516, 
Kamoto-machi, Naka-machi, 
Kamoto-gun, Kumamoto-ken 

Springer, Mr. & Mrs. Victor, 
TEAM-937,Koyabe-cho, Yoko- 
suka-shi, Kanagawa-ken 

Stanley, Miss Ethel, NTM-19, 
Shinmei-cho, Nanao-shi, Ishi- 


Stanley, Miss Freda, JEB 
64, Kawahara-cho, Sasayama- 
machi, Taki-gun, Hyogo-ken 

m 64 



Starn, Miss Pauline, IBC (UCMS) 
60, Kozenji-dori, Sendai-shi, 
Miyagi-ken (22-7439) 

7*? -V 

Steele, Mr. & Mrs. Harry 124-4, 
Wakazono-cho, Kokura-ku, 
Kitakyushu-shi, Fukuoka-ken 


7*7- - 

Steffens, Miss Elizabeth Ann, 
IBC (UCBWM)-Ichijo House, 
Nishi-iru, Muromachi, Ichijo- 
dori, Kamikyo-ku, Kyoto 

3k" V 7* 

7*7-7 T- 

Steinhoff, Deaconess Karoline, 
MAR-LCM 133-4, Aza Nishi 
Matsumoto, Nishi Hirano, 
Mikage-cho, Higashi Nada-ku, 

Stellwagon, Mr. & Mrs. Russell, 
TEAM-2395, Sagiyama, Gifu- 

7*7-^1 -J y 

Stephens, Miss Lu, NAV -769- 
6, Kitahara, Minamizawa, 
Kurume-machi, Kitatama-gun, 
Tokyo (982 8649) 

Stermer, Miss Dorothy, TEAM - 
15-15, 3-chome, Daizawa, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 
JKflttt0mKfW 3-15-15 


Stewart, Miss Delores, WMC 
207, Nishi Horibata, Akamatsu- 
cho, Saga-shi, Saga-ken 

7*7- <, ? - \- 

Stewart, Miss Mary, TEAM 
15-15, 3-chome, Daizawa, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 
*flfttffl8KfW 3-15-15 

7*7- a-7- b 

Stirewalt, Rev. A.J., (Retired) 
LCA 3, 2-chome, Nakajima- 
dori, Fukiai-ku, Kobe 
(2 3601) 

7*7" a 7 h 

Stocker, Mr. & Mrs. C., IND- 
1442, Karuizawa-machi, Naga 
no-ken (3626) 
&!f KUi#iW 1442 

7* h v 7J - 

Stolz, Mr. & Mrs. Siegried, GAM 
Daibutsu-cho, Takehana, 

Hashima-shi, Gifu-ken (4055) 

7* } ;u y 

Stott, Rev. & Mrs. Melvin D. Jr., 
CPC -5248, Higashi-ku, Kuni- 
tachi-machi, Kitatama-gun, 


7 7- 7 r V 7* 

7*2 -, \- 



Stout, Miss Dorothy, PEC St. [ Stutz, Mr. Samuel, SAJM c/o 

Margaret s School, 123-3, Kuga- 
yama, Suginami-ku, Tokyo 


* * * h 

Strege, Rev. & Mrs. Paul, MSL 
14 Miyanomori, Kotoni-machi, 
Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

Strohm, Miss Elsbeth, GMM 
c/o Masutani, 14 of 6, Minami- 
hiraki, Nishinari-ku, Osaka 

Strom, Rev. & Mrs. Verner, 
TEAM 15-15, 3-chome, Dai- 
zawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
JKfittBtttfflSKfW 3-15-15 

^ h P A 

Stubba, Rev. David, Ed. D., & 
Mrs. Rachel, IBC (MC) No. 5, 
Kansei Gakuin, Nishinomiya-shi, 
Hyogo-ken (5-3147) 

Stubbs, Rev. & Mrs. Vincent G., 
Ill PCUS 57 1, Awaji, Hon- 
machi, Higashi Yodogawa-ku, 
Osaka (371-7254) 


* -y 7* * 

Mr. Takahashi, 1178, Karui- 
zawa, Kitasaku-gun, Nagano- 
ken (Karuizawa 3575) 

Sukut, Rev. & Mrs. Walter, NAB 
4, Nishisonjoin-cho, Kinugasa, 
Kita-ku, Kyoto (45-2027) 

Sulley, Miss Winifred P.O., WEC 
Gokasho-cho, Kanzaki-gun, 
Shiga-ken (Ishizuka 47) 

Sumners, Miss Gertrude, PEC 
Bishamon-cho, Tonodan, Kami- 
kyo-ku, Kyoto (23-6090) 

Sundberg, Rev. & Mrs. Fred, 
OMSS (Furlough until 1964) 

Sunde, Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth, 
WEC Takano, Ritto-cho, 

Kurita-gun, Shiga-ken 

Sund-Nielsen, Rev. & Mrs. Ib 
(Edith) , FCM (Assoc) Azuma- 
ku, Kanazu-machi, Sakai-gun, 
Fukui-ken (Kanazu 6358) 

-y- v K =- 



Sundry, Mr. & Mrs. Charles, OB 
-The Omi Brotherhood, Omi- 
Hachiman, Shiga-ken 
(Omi-Hachiman 3131) 

0- y K y ~ 

Suttie, Miss Gwen, IBC (UCC) 
2 Higashi Toriizaka-machi, 
Azabu, Minato-ku, Tokyo 


Svendsen, Miss Anna, NEOM 
24, Kitagawa, Takahagi-shi, 

* / * y -t y 

Svensson, Miss Ester, SAMJ 
1-366 Kamihosoda, Anjo-shi, 
Aichi-ken (4033) 

fc!R#ffittffl 1-366 

^ j. v y y 

Swain, Rev. & Mrs. D.L. (Betty), 
(Furlough 1964-1965) 

Swanson, Rev. & Mrs. Glen E., 
BGC Narukawa, Kiho-machi, 
Minamimuro-gun, Mie-ken 
(Shingu 2-4085) 

* 7 y y y 

Swendseid, Rev. & Mrs. Douglas, 

(Furlough until Summer 1965) 

Swenson, Mr. & Mrs. Lyndon 
(Gerry) CBFMS-49-1, Myoei- 
cho, Yokote-shi, Akita-ken 

* 7 x y y y 

Swensson, Mr. & Mrs. Birger, 
ECC 2092, Teramachi, Ota- 
wara-shi, Tochigi-ken 
(Otawara 3475) 

* 7 x y y y 

Swensen, Miss Nell, PCUS 
Yodogawa Christian Hospital, 
57-l,Awaji Hon-machi Higashi 
Yodogawa-ku, Osaka 


Swift, Miss Mildred, TEAM 
1105, Amori, Nagano-shi 

**V ? h 

SyrjM, Mr. & Mrs. Antero, FFFM 
101, Kamihate-cho, Kita- 
shirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

SUtfffEUbafiJ>Mr 101 

y t v ij, j. 

Sytsma, Rev. & Mrs. Richard, 
CRJM 19-4, Midori-cho, 2- 
chome, Tokorozawa-shi, Sai- 
tama-ken (22-4029) 



Talbot, Rev. & Mrs. C. Rodger 
(Donna) PCC 

(Furlough April 1964 to June 

Tanaka, Mr. Fred, CEF 1599, 
Higashikubo Kamiarai, Tokoro- 
zawa-shi, Saitama-ken 


Tang, Rev. & Mrs. O. Gordon, 
ALC -890, Aza, Inarimori, 


n 890 

y ? 

TaponeH, Miss Helvi Ester, FFFM 
c/o Yoshii, Nishiyamate, 
Obama-shi, Fukui-ken 
(Obama 266) 

Tack, Rev. & Mrs. Marvin A., 
LCA 628, 7-chome, Ujina, 
Hiroshima-shi (41-2720) 
KaffTfWJ 7-628 at v 9 

Takushi, Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth 
FEGC 111, Hakuraku, Kana- 
gawa-ku, Yokohama 

Tarr, Miss Alberta, IBC (MQ 
8 Kumi, Nishi-noguchi-machi, 
Beppu-shi, Oita-ken (2-4621) 

Taylor, Rev. & Mrs. Arch B. Jr., 
PCUS-1927, Ikuno-cho, Zen- 
tsuji, Kagawa-ken 
(Zentsuji 888) 

Taylor, Miss Dorothy IBC (UPC) 
Hokusei Gakuin, Nishi 17- 
chome, Minami 5-jo, Sapporo 


Taylor, Rev. & Mrs. Earl AG 
16, 3-chome, Nishigahara, Kita- 
ku, Tokyo (919-4277) 

Odawara-shi, | 

Taylor, Mr. & Mrs. Eugene FEGC 
Ill, Hakuraku, Kanagawa-ku, 
Yokohama (49-9017) 

Taylor, Mr. & Mrs. Harvey JEM 
799, Nonakashinden, Koku- 
bunji-machi, Kitatama-gun, 

ffl 799 



Taylor, Miss Isabel J., OMF 531, 
Hon-cho, Nanae-machi, Kameda- 
gun, Hokkaido 

itmn filing UKIVW 531 

T--7 ~ 

Taylor, Miss Roberta, IND 

Teschner, Miss Sieglinde LM 
1933, Nakanoshima, Kawasaki- 
shi, Kanagawa-ken 

w^;iimiiwsffT*a 1933 

7- ;*-)-- 

Tazumi, Rev. & Mrs. Thomas, 
FEGC c/o Mr. Nakazawa, 77, 
Kamiya, Tsuru-shi, Yamanashi- 

Tetro, Rev. & Mrs. Frank L., 
IND- (Furlough) 

Tewea, Mr. & Mrs. Erward H. 
MSL 15, Nakano-cho, Ichigaya, 
Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 

Tejfnander, Rev. & Mrs. Oddvar 
(Sigrunn) FCM -113-24, Matsu- 
shima, Tsuruga-shi, Fukui-ken 
(Tsuruga 405 Yobidashi) 
fcft 24-113 

Tennant, Miss Elizabeth, IBC(MC) 
Kwassui Jr. College, 13, 
Higashi Yamate-machi, Naga- 
saki-shi (2 1416 and 2 9528) 

7-7- y h 

Terry, Rev. & Mrs. John, CBM 

-Sakurai Bible Chapel, 811, 

Asahi-cho, Sakurai-shi, Nara- 

Thacher, Miss Juliana, IBC (MC) 
Apt. No. 1, 11 Konno-cho, 
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo (408-1915) 

J j- 

Theuer, Rev. & Mrs. George 
(Clara), IBC (EUB) -850-31, 
Senriyama, Suita-shi, Osaka 


ill TMOJ 31-850 

h 1 -V- 

Thiessen, Rev. & Mrs. Bernard, 
(Furlough until summer 1965) 

Thomas, Miss Susie M., WFJCM 
- 4399, Noikura, Ariake-cho, 
Soo-gun, Kagoshima-ken 

Thompson, Rev. & Mrs. C. M. 
UCPM -163 Yamate-cho, Ashi- 
ya-shi, Hyogo-ken 



Thompson, Mr. & Mrs. Darrell, 
NAV 769-6, Kitahara, Mina- 
mizawa, Kurume-machi, Kita- 
tama-gun, Tokyo 

JbgC 769-6 

h y -? y 

Thompson, Rev. & Mrs. Everett, 
(Zora), IBC (MC) 
(Furlough 1963-65) 

Thompson, Mr. & Mrs. Lawrance, 
(Catherine), IBC (MC) 
(Furlough 1964-65) 

Thompson, Miss Sondra Kay 
c/o, Interboard House, 2, 
Minato-ku, Tokyo (481-3325) 

Thomsen, Rev. & Mrs. Harry, 
SCO Shin Rei San, Mitsusawa, 
Oaza Yamazaki, Fukuroi-shi, 
Shizuoka-ken (Okazaki 100) 

h A fe y 

Thomson, Miss Anna Mae, IBC 
(MC) 10-2, Shoto-cho, 1- 
chome, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 

ifcjjCiBi&SKfejifflr i > 10-2 

h A y y 

Thomson, Mr. & Mrs. Lionel II., 
OMF -(Furlough) 

Thoong, Mrs. Thora, SBM 93-11, 
Shimo-Ikeda-cho, Kitashira- 
kawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 

93-11 h v 7 

Thorn, Miss Inez, OMSS 110, 

Hachiken-cho, Nishikitsuji, 

Nara-shi (2-8478) 

^&Tfi eWxt A$FHT 110 ^r^ y 
Thornton, Rev. & Mrs. William, 

TEAM 1196 Karuizawa-machi, 


y - v h v 

Thorsell, Miss Anna-Lisa, SEMJ 
147 Yamashita-cho, Date-machi, 
Usu-gun, Hokkaido 


Thorsen, Rev. & Mrs. Leif-Audun, 

(Aagodt), NLM 

(Furlough untill fall 1965) 
Thurlow, Mr. & Mrs. James, 

(Setsuko), IBC (UCC) 

(Leave of absence) 
Tidemann, Mr. John, LCA 351, 

Oe-machi Moto, Kumamoto-shi 


Tigelaar, Miss Gae, IBC (RCA) 
(Hiroshima Christian Social 
Center) 1438, Minami-Misasa- 
machi, Hiroshima-shi (3-6954) 
mH^tflT 1438 (Km -* 
y y -y 7 ^ -t* y z - ) 

7- S f *7 ~ Jl, 



Timmer, Rev. & Mrs. John, CRJM 

Tjelle, Rev. & Mrs. Lars, NMS- 
2 18, Kamiike Kita, Kawamo, 
Takarazuka, Hyogo-ken 

I 2 " 2 

Todd, Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence, 
IND -16, Hachiyaura, Yamoto- 
machi, Monoo-gun, Miyagi-ken 
fr^$#?TK-W*r^?ffi 16 

h v K 

Tomono, Mr. Tom, IND 16, 
Hachiyaura, Yamoto-machi, 
Monoo-gun, Miyagi-ken (164) 


Toner, Mr. Robert J., JEB 11, 
Shiomidai-cho, 5-chome, Suma- 
ku, Kobe (7-5651) 

Topping, Miss Helen, IND 457, 
Kami Kitazawa 2-chome, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 

m#aBtftpmKUbw 2-457 

h >, k v 7 

Torres, Mr. Richard F., IND- 
Hachi-no Kubo, Minamata-shi, 

Town, Rev. & Mrs. Harvey, CMA 
Asahi-machi, Saijo-shi, Ehime- 
ken (2005) 

Townsend, Rev. Louis NTM - 
866 Sumiyoshi, Tokorozawa- 
shi, Saitama-ken 

? V -fe v K 

Trevor, Mr. Hugh, OMF 54, 
Sakae-cho, Itayanagi-machi, 
Aomori-ken (Furlough from 
April, 1965) 

Trotter, Miss Bessie, IND 36, 
Nakura-cho, Nishi 7-jo, Shimo- 
kyo-ku, Kyoto 

Troxell, Rev. & Mrs. D. V., 
(Martha), IBC (UCMS) -133-1, 
Takeda, Gose-shi, Nara-ken 
(Gose 4170) 

3>&mmpattYm 133-1 

h P 7 -fe fr 

Troyer, Mr. Maurice, Ph. D. & 
Mrs Billie, IBC (UPC) 
(Furlough 1964- 65) 

Trueman, Miss Margaret, IBC 
(UCC)-c/o Mr. Y. lida, 1907, 
Senbon-Gorin, Numazu-shi, 
Shizuoka-ken (3-0447) 

Tucker, Rev. & Mrs. Beverley, 
PEC Higashi 3-chome, Kita 
19-jo, Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 



Tuff, Miss Evelyn, ALC 183, 
Otowa-cho, Shizuoka-shi 

Tunbridge, Miss Marjorie, IBC 
(UCC)-Rakuenso, Apt. 205, 
22, Sarugaku-cho, Shibuya-ku, 
Tokyo (461-4287) 

-T *>- b 205 ? V-7 V v& 

Tuominen, Miss Hilkka, FFFM 

Turnbull, Mr. & Mrs. Ian, WSK 
9-9, Hananobo-cho, Murasakino, 
Kita-ku, Kyoto 


Turner, Mr. & Mrs. Dennis V., 
IND -1988, Harashin-machi, 
Numata-shi, Gunma-ken 


Tveit, Miss Marie, ALC 38, 1- 
chome, Torisu-cho, Minami-ku, 
Nagoya (81 3551) 
#MrfTr?f KUW 1-38 

b > * 4 h 

Tygert, Mr. & Mrs. Earl, DIM - 
2163, Karuizawa-machi, Nagano- 
ken (2302) 


9 -f if - h 


Uchida, Mr. & Mrs. Akira, JEM 
Midori-cho, Koide-machi, 
Kita-Uonuma-gun, Niigata-ken 

Uchida, Miss Ikuye, JEM 

Uhlig, Deaconess Marianne, 
MAR-LCM Student Christian 
Center, 3-1, Surugadai 2-chome, 
Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 


Ulmstedt, Miss Gerd, SBMc/o 
Rev. Oscar Rinell, 637, Shinza- 
ike, Himeji-shi, Hyogo-ken 

Unruh, Rev. & Mrs. Verney, 
GCMM 5330, Namiki Kami- 
kawa, Higashi-machi, Miyako- 
nojo-shi, Miyazaki-ken 

iii 5330 

Unzicker, Rev. & Mrs. William, 
IBC (RCA) Apt. 506, Santoku 
Bldg., 3098, Naka-cho, 1-chome, 
Musashino-shi, Tokyo 
(Musashino 2-2194 Yobidashi) 
1 T0 3098 



Uomoto, Rev. & Mrs. George Y., 
OPC 116, Otachiba-machi, Sen- 
dai-shi, Miyagi-ken (56 6631) 
B#fctfl^Tfjf|!3yMr 116 

>** h 

Upton, Miss Elizabeth F. IND 
(PEC) 183, Nagase, Moro- 
yama-cho, Iruma-gun, Saitama- 
J3ZmAft8SBg|Il!Hm$ 183 

7 -7 \- V 

Uralde, Mr. M., IND 171, leno- 
machi, Nagasaki-shi 

> =7 - K 

Valtonen, Rev. & Mrs. Tauno, 

LEAF- (Furlough) 
Van Baak, Rev. & Mrs. Edward, 

CRJM 865, 2, Suzuki-cho, Ko- 

daira-shi, Tokyo 

(Kokubunji 8 3981) 

BOiW^ffi tfrw 2-865 

V r V *- ? 

Vander Bilt, Rev. & Mrs. Maas, 
CRJM-409-1, Kumaki, Chichi- 
bu-shi, Saitama-ken (1703) 

Van Dyck, Rev. & Mrs. David, 
(Alayne), IBC (UPC) 7 of 2, 
Aza Kushiyama, Ushita-machi, 
Hiroshima-shi (21 6981) 

Vang, Mr. & Mrs. Paul, ALC- 
45-7, Tama-machi, 2-chome, 
Fuchu-shi, Tokyo (3815) 

Van Schooten, Mr. & Mrs. Alvin, 
CMA- 255, Itsukaichi-machi, 
Saeki-gun, Hiroshima-ken 
(Itsukaichi 2-0550) 

/ r v > a - r v 

Van Wyk, Rev. & Mrs. Gordon, 
(Bertha) IBC (RCA) 
(Furlough 1964-65) 

Varney, Miss Evelyn, CBFMS 
167-3, Hakken Koji, Minami- 
Koizumi, Sendai-shi, Miyagi-ken 

3167 1/7.-=.- 

Vatter, Mr. & Mrs. Ernst, LM 
1933, Nakanoshima, Kawasaki- 
shi, Kanagawa-ken (91-2334) 

7 r v * ~ 

Vaughn, Mr, & Mrs. Gary, 
ABFMS 4, Miharudai, Minami- 
ku, Yokohama (3-6628) 

Vehanen, Rev. Eino, LCA 139, 
Higashi Tamagawa-cho, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo 




Venden, Mr. & Mrs. D. Louis, 
SDA 1966, Kamikawai-machi, 
Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 


Vereide, Mr. & Mrs. Abraham 
(Ragna), NMA 1313, 2-chome, 
Shinden-cho, Ichikawa-shi, Chi- 


Verme, Rev. & Mrs. Robert, 
CMSJ (ECCA) 2570, Minami- 
cho, Shibukawa-shi, Gunma-ken 
(Shibukawa 1080) 

Vermuelen, Mrs. Marie, IBC(MC) 
lai Joshi Koto Gakko, 64, 
Suginami-cho, Hakodate-shi, 
Hokkaido (2-5277) 

-?- r - A y j. y 

Verwey, Mr. & Mrs. Cornelius, 
JEB (Assoc.) Fujiidera, 

Kyokkunai, 3-242, Hanyuno, 
Habikino-shi, Osaka 

Viall, Rt. Rev. Kenneth A., SPG 
331, Koyama, Kurume-machi, 
Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
(71 0175) 

!I 331 

r 7 ^ 

Visser, Rev. & Mrs. J. P., JRM 
2640, Jonan-ku, Saiki-shi, 
Oita-ken (Saiki 2238) 

Vist, Miss Ingrid, SAM J 257-51, 
Kamoe-cho, Hamamatsu-shi, 
Shizuoka-ken (3-5051) 


Vogt, Miss Verna, TEAM 15-15, 
3-chome, Daizawa, Setagaya-ku, 


Voran, Rev. & Mrs. Peter, GCMM 
3777, Sonoda, Nichinan-shi, 
Miyazaki-ken (2393) 

Vorland, Rev. & Mrs. Gehard, 
ALC 99, Kuzukawa-cho, Kake- 
gawa-shi, Shizuoka-ken 


Waala, Mr. & Mrs. Russell, 
FEGC 111, Hakuraku, Kana- 
gawa-ku, Yokohama (49-9017) 



Waddinfirton, Rev. & Mrs. Richard, 
ABFMS- 79, Nishi Kumiura, 
Ueda, Morioka-shi, Iwate-ken 

Waid, Mr. & Mrs. Herbert, 

(Furlough until Summer 1964) 
Return July 1964 address not 

Walbert, Rev. & Mrs. Clement, 
BGC 1037-66, Nishinosho, 
Wakayama-shi (5-1320) 

ee- 1037 

Waldin, Miss Margaret, TEAM 
1433, 2-chome, Setagaya, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 
JK tftBtftffl Ktfi ffl 2T (11433 

Waldron, Miss Rose, IBC (MC) 
(Pre-retirement furlough 64- 

Walfridsson, Mr. Ake, SAMJ 
257-51, Kamoe-cho, Hamamatsu- 
shi, Shizuoka-ken 
HWJR^&rffltfllHl 257-51 

7 r ^ 7 !J K y v 

Walker, Mr. & Mrs. Wesley 
(Margaret), CnC-250, Moiwa- 
shita, Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

Walker, Mr. & Mrs. William 
(Lois), CnC 1210, Kami 
Kasuya, Isehara-cho, Naka-gun, 

1210 7-^7- 

Walker, Rev. & Mrs. William L., 
SB 979, Hamamatsubara, Mae- 
dashi, Fukuoka-shi (65 8421) 
Ii 979 

Walker, Mr. & Mrs. William B., 
CC-141, 1, Tsurumaki-cho, 
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 


Wallace, Rev. & Mrs. D. G., ACPC 
Unuma, Kagamigahara-shi, 

Waller, Miss Marjorie, JEB 
1-53, Himuro-cho, 1-chome, 
Hyogo-ku, Kobe 

l TH 53-1 

Walsh, Miss Ellen Mae, IBC(MC) 
11, Konno-cho, Shibuya-ku, 
Tokyo (408 1914) 

Walston, Rev. & Mrs. Richard, 
EFCM (Furlough) 



Walter, Rev. & Mrs. Donald, 
TEAM 8848, Chigasaki, Chiga- 
saki-shi, Kanagawa-ken 

Walter, Miss Helen, CBFMS 
12-1, Shita-machi, Yokote-shi, 
Akita-ken (1576) 

rfi TUT 12-1 

Walters, Mr. & Mrs. Russell, 
TEAM 1068, 2-chome, Seta- 
gaya, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 

Wang, Miss Jean, ALC 4-426, 
Yunoki, Fuji-shi, Shizuoka-ken 
MW^-i-TtT ttOTfC 426-4 

7 yf 

Warkentyne, Mr. & Mrs. H. J., 
(Michiko) IBC (UCC) 
(Furlough until Summer 1965) 

Warmath, Rev. & Mrs. William 
C., SB-8-143, Takinoue, Naka- 
ku, Yokohama 


Warne, Miss Eleanor, IBC (MC) 
Nishi No-no, Hiromi-cho, 
Kita-Uwa-gun, Ehime-ken 

Warner, Miss Eileen, M., JEB 
1-25, Kawada, Minoshima, 
Arita-shi, Wakayama-ken 


Warriner, Mr. & Mrs. Austin, 
(Dorothy) AAM 
(Furlough until Feb. 1965) 

Waterman, Miss Gertrude, 
ABFMS 7, Nakajima-cho, Sen- 
dai-shi, Miyagi-ken (22-8791) 

>* # y 

Watkins, Miss Elizabeth T., SB 
Matsukage Shogakko-mae, 
Hirose-cho, 6, Yahatahama-shi, 

Watson, Rev. & Mrs. Leslie, SB 
171, 2-chome, Maruyama-cho, 
Miyazaki-shi (2-6317) 

mmojur^TS 171 

7 h y y 

Watson, Miss Marylin, IBC(MC) 
Hiroshima Jogakuin Daigaku, 
720, Ushita-machi, Hiroshima- 
shi (21-2089) 

Watters, Rev. & Mrs. James Lee, 
SB 1, 7-chome, Kamitsutsui- 
cho, Fukiai-ku, Kobe 



Watte, Mr. & Mrs. Carl B., SDA 
67Banchi, 2-chome, Akahira- 
cho, Naha, Okinawa 

Wayne, Rev. & Mrs. Milton, TEC 
17, 4-chome, Kumano-cho, 
Hyogo-ku, Kobe 

Weiss, Rev. & Mrs. 
(Georgia) IBC (UPC) 
(Furlough 1964-66) 

Weitzel, Rev. & Mrs. William H., 
PEC- Kita Kanto Student 
Center, Shiki Hamazaki, Asaka- 
machi, Kita-Adachi-gun, Sai- 
tama-ken (Shiki 427) 

Weber, Mr. & Mrs. James, 
(Dorothy), CBFMS 
(Furlough till Fall 1965) 

Wedel, Mr. & Mrs. A. Delmar 
(Betty), YMCA 7-2, Fujimi- 
cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 
IflMWttffliafctJUr 2 Ti I 7 

> x -y- /L- 

Weindorf, Rev. Luther, WELS 
620, Tenjin, Komatsu, Tsuchi- 
ura-shi, Ibaragi-ken (2 3578) 

// -f v K/i ? 

Weippert, Mr. & Mrs. Horst, LM 
1933, Nakanoshima, Kawa- 
saki-shi, Kanagawa-ken 


7 4 V 3. fr 

Weller, Miss Mary E., OMF 
(Furlough until Oct. 1964) 

Wells, Miss Lillian, (UPC) 
(Retired) 47 of 45, 5-chome, 
Aoyama-Minami-cho, Minato- 
ku, Tokyo (408-0677) 

45 47 

Wentz, Rev. & Mrs. Edwin C., 
LCA Danguchi, Akasegawa, 
Akune-shi, Kagoshima-ken 

Werdal, Rev. & Mrs. Morris, LB 
Narayama, Motoshinmachi, 
Akita-shi (2 4949) 

Werdal, Mr. & Mrs. Philip E., 
LB- (Furlough) 

Werner, Mr. & Mrs. Walter, 
GAM-22-2, 2-chome, Nishi- 
machi, Kagiya, Gifu-shi 



West, Mr. & Mrs. Robert 
(Audrey), CnC-143, 2-chome, 
Unoue-cho, Tsuyama-shi, Oka 

ffijUlJ^tUTrfJ 5>5 X.IHJ 

Westbergr, Rev. & Mrs. Harry, 
CMSJ-152, Moto Soja-machi, 
Maebashi-shi, Gunma-ken 


Westby, Rev. & Mrs. Carl, ALC 
43, Yaizu, Yaizu-shi, Shizu- 

Whaley, Rev. & Mrs. Charles L., 
Jr., SB 65, Sawawatari, Kana- 
gawa-ku, Yokohama (44-6600) 

* * y - 

Wheeler, Mr. & Mrs. Donald, 
ABFMS-Waseda Hoshien, 550, 
1-chome, Totsuka-machi, Shin- 
juku-ku, Tokyo (341-3972) 

Whewell, Miss Elizabeth A., MM 
Tomidahama, Yokkaichi-shi, 
Mie-ken (6-0096) 

White, Miss Christina, SPG 14, 
Nozaki-dori, 8-chome, Fukiai- 
ku, Kobe (23-8955) 


White, Miss E. Ruth, OMF 
Kome-cho, Ajigasawa, Nishi 
Tsugaru-gun, Aomori-ken 

Whitman, Miss Sylvia, AAM 
Yura Daiei-cho, Tohaku-gun, 

Whybray, Rev. R. Norman, Ph. D. 
& Mrs., PEC Central Theo 
logical College, 8, 2-chome, 
Tamagawa Naka-machi, Seta- 
gaya-ku, Tokyo (701-0575) 

Wicklund, Mr. & Mrs. David, 
LCA Canadian Academy, 
Nagamineyama Oishi, Nada-ku, 
Kobe (86-2781) 

Wielenga, Miss Hilda, IND c/o 
Tanahashi, 1709, Higashi-Terao- 
cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 



Wiens, Rev. & Mrs. Roland M., 
MBM-320-3, Aza Higashi No 
Kuchi Nishi, Amagasaki-shi, 

l U 3-320 

Wiens, Miss Ruth, MBM-59, 
Sonpachi-cho, Ikeda-shi, Osaka 

V 7^ 

Wiese, Rev. & Mrs. James, MSL 
342, Uenodai, Nakayama, 
Hanno-shi, Saitama-ken 

Wigglesworth, Miss Anne, JPM 
1235, Matsunoki-cho, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 
(312 1539) 


Wildermuth, Rev. & Mrs. Wesley, 
OMS 1648, Megurita, Higashi- 
murayama-shi, Tokyo 
(9 3071) 

Wilhelmsson, Miss Thyra, SFM 
434-4, Ogasawara Kushigata- 
machi, Nakakoma-gun, Yama- 


>\< J+ 7* V 

Wilkinson, Mr. & Mrs. Ted, 
WMC 850, Tenjin-cho, Sasebo- 
shi, Nagasaki-ken (2-6909) 

Wilkinson, Mr. & Mrs. David 
(Georgelyn)FEBC 229, Tama- 
gawa Oyama-cho, Setagaya-ku, 
Tokyo (701-8673) 

Williams, Mr. Jean, CN-P. O. 
Box 2, Yotsukaido, Imba-gun, 
Chiba-ken (Yotsukaido 347) 

Williams, Rev. & Mrs. Philip, 
(Mary) IBC (UCBWM) 28, 
Uwa-cho, Komegafukuro, Sen- 
dai-shi, Miyagi-ken (22 6812) 

> >f D 7 A X 

Willis, Miss Carolyn J., OMF- 
Higashi 2- jo, Minami 1-chome, 
Sunagawa-shi, Hokkaido 

Willman, Miss Barbel, GAM 
Kencho, Kasamatsu-machi, 
Gifu-ken (Kasamatsu 3655) 



Willms, Mr. & Mrs. Peter A. 
(Mary) BIG 11, Tokaichi-suji, 
Hagi-shi, Yamaguchi-ken 
(Hagi 444) (after Jan. 1, 1965 
short furlough) 

Wilson, Rev. & Mrs. James C., 

BGC (Furlough) 
Wilson, Rev. & Mrs. Kenneth, 

W., PCUS 112, 4-chome, Yama- 

moto-dodi, Ikuta-ku, Kobe 


Wilson, Mr. & Mrs. Wesley, 
TEAM 1603, Omiya-cho, Sugi- 
nami-ku, Tokyo 
Ifttf #afeK* fcfBJ 1603 

<> 4 /i- y y 

Windus, Mr. & Mrs. Harold 30, 
Ochiai, Kurume-machi, Kita- 
tama-gun, Tokyo 

$#iyfcB&s#wra? 30 

4 v K 9 * 

Winemiller, Rev. & Mrs. Paul L., 
LCA Kuroiwa, Kogushi, Nishi- 
ku, Ube-shi, Yamaguchi-ken 
(2 2219) 

7 -f y 5 7 - 

Winn, Rev. & Mrs. Paul (Anne), 
IBC (UPC) Muromachi-dori, 
Imadegawa-agaru, Kamikyo-ku, 
Kyoto (44-5642) 

Winroth, Mr. Alfred Jr., IND 
2215, Kumizawa-cho, Totsuka- 
ku, Yokohama (0692-0854) 

Winsjansen, Miss Kirsten, FCM 
P. O. Box 5, Mikuni-machi, 

"X ^ V ix -^ v -b y 

Winters, Rev. & Mrs. G. J., 
ABWE 1603, Sumiyoshi, 
Hayato-cho, Aira-gun, Kago- 

Winther, Rev. J. M. T., ALC 
3, 2-chome, Nakajima-dori, 
Fukiai-ku, Kobe (2-3601) 

Winther, Miss Maya, LCA 
217, Nakano-Hashi Koji, Saga- 
shi (3-4010) 

* -r v-y-*- 

Wipf , Miss Lucille, NAB Daiichi 
Apartment #60, Matsuzaka-shi, 
Mie-ken (493) 

Witson, Rev. & Mrs. Konnottee 
W. 122, 4-chome, Yamamoto- 
dori, Ikuta-ku, Kobe 

h y v 



Wohlgemuth, Rev. & Mrs. Ivan, 
MBM-4-19, Nagamineyama, 
Oishi, Nada-ku, Kobe 

Wolcott, Mr. & Mrs. Rodger, 
JEM 3, 4-chome, Shimonaka- 
jima, Nagaoka-shi, Niigata ken 
Tf-1 3 

Wolff, Sister Hanni, IND 
Seirei, Hoyoen, Sanbohara- 
machi, Hamamatsu-shi, Shizu- 

Wongsted, Miss Vera, IND 

Wood, Rev. & Mrs. S. Kenneth, 
SB (Furlough) 

Wood, Rev. & Mrs. Robert W. 
(Mary), IBC (UCBWM)-Futa- 
tsujime, Nishi Iru, Imadegawa 
Agaru, Karasuma Dori, Kami- 
kyo-ku, Kyoto (44-8912) 

Wooden, Rev. & Mrs. Floyd, 
BMMJ 16, Wakaba-cho, 1- 
chome, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 

V y f x 

Wood-Robinson, Rev. & Mrs. 
David, CMS Shoin Junior 
College, Nakajima-dori, 1-chome 
Fukiai-ku, Kobe (22-5980) 

I M A i ill 1 * y K 

Woodard, Rev. & Mrs. William 
(Margaret) IBC (UCBWM) - 
12, Gazenbo-cho, Azabu, Minato- 
ku, Tokyo (481-3516) 
(Office 291-4231) 


yf- K 

Woods, Miss Elaine, OMF Asahi- 
yama, Kita-gun, Kanagi-machi, 

Woods, Mr. & Mrs. Wendell, CN 

Woollett, Mr. & Mrs. John, 
CBFMS- (Furlough) 

Woolley, Miss A. K., SPG- 1046, 

Hiratsuka 7-chome, Shinagawa- 
ku, Tokyo (781-4736) 

Worth, Mr. Donald C., Ph. D., & 
Mrs. Ardyce.IBC (UPC)-ICU, 
1500, Osawa, Mitaka-shi, Tokyo 
(Mitaka 3-3131) 

Worth, Mr. Donald, LCA 351, 
Oe-machi, Moto, Kumamoto-shi 



Wright, Rev. & Mrs. Morris Jr. 
SB 6-18, Kamiyama-cho 
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo (467-7669 
JgtttP&SKft Ul BT 18-6 

7 -f 

Wyatt, Miss Clare E. M., SPG 
130, Minami Senju 5-chome 
Arakawa-ku, Tokyo 

jfat^ftHiKiftresrn 130 

7 -f T -; \- 

Wynkoop, Mr. & Mrs. Ralph, CN 
-P.O. Box 2, Yotsukaido, Imba- 
gun, Chiba-ken 
(Yotsukaido 347) 

Tmm wmw mim 

Yakel, Miss Ella, IND 16, Hachi- 
yaura, Yamoto-machi, Monno- 
gun, Miyagi-ken 

^ >r /i- 

Yarbrough, Mr. & Mrs. Robert, 
CC Ibaragi Christian College, 
Omika, Kuji-machi, Hitachi-shi, 
Ibaragi-ken (Kujihama 2251) 

Yasuhara, Mr. & Mrs. Edward, 
FKK-63-1, Showa-cho, Hama- 
dera, Sakai-shi, Osaka 
(Sakai 6-0019) 


Yoder, Rev. & Mrs. Marvin, JMM 
Nakashibetsu-cho, Shibetsu- 
gun, Hokkaido (346) 

Yonteck, Miss Barbara, PCUS 
Nankoryo, Kinjo College, Omori- 
cho, Moriyama-ku, Nagoya 
(Moriyama 79-3086) 


Youmans, Miss Doris, BMMJ 
128, Kasuga-cho, Fukushima- 

Young, Rev. & Mrs. Clarence, 
FEGC (Furlough June 64- 
June 65) 

Young, Rev. & Mrs. John M. L., 
JPM 272, Kamihoya, Hoya- 
machi, Kitatama-gun, Tokyo 
(Tanashi 6-4620) 

Young, Mr. & Mrs. Neil S., IND 
P. O. Box 22, Tachikawa-shi, 
Tokyo (2-4224) 
31 M5 J 1 1 rfT^M ffi 22 


Young, Miss Ruth C., OMF 
371-29, Hassamu, Kotoni-machi, 
Sapporo-shi, Hokkaido 

m 371-29 

I Is I 

\|]ssl( )\ \KH s 


Youngquist, Rev. & Mrs. Harris, 
BGC - Temma, Nachi Katsuura- 
machi, Higashi-Muro-gun, 


Ypma, Rev. Benjamin, CRJM 
874, 4-chome, Shimotakaido, 
Suginami-ku, Tokyo 



Yunker, Rev. & Mrs. 
TEAM (Furlough) 

Zamora, Mr. & Mrs. Manuel, 
IND Box 31, Showa-ku, Nagoya 

Zander, Miss Helen, IBC (RCA) 
Interboard House, 2, Higashi 
Toriizaka-machi, Azabu, Minato 
ku, Tokyo (481-3325) 

Zastrow, Miss Violet, S., WEC 
(Furlough until Dec. 1965) 

Zehnder, Rev. & Mrs. Tom, MSL 
239-B, Yamate-cho, Naka-ku, 
Yokohama (64 1296) 

Zeno, Rev. & Mrs. Norman, 
UFCM 671, 5-chome, Nukui 
Kita-machi, Koganei-shi, Tokyo 

671 -tr/ 

Zerbe, Rev. & Mrs. Ben, MBM - 
151, Yonagawa-cho, 2-chome, 
Tonda, Takatsuki-shi, Osaka 

151 -9- - t* 

Zimmerman, Rev. & Mrs. 
Charles, BMMJ- 17-1, Fujita, 
Kunimi-machi, Date-gun, Fuku- 


Zinke, Mr. & Mrs. Gilbert (Helen), 
CBFMS 167-3, Hakken Koji, 
Minami-Koizumi, Sendai-shi, 
Miyagi-ken (56-1980) 


X 4 v * - 

Zollinger, Mr. & Mrs. Eugen, 
IMM 18, Wakana, Yubari-shi, 

Zook, Mr. & Mrs. Marlin( Ruth), 
BIC-11, Tokaichi-suji, Hiji- 
wara Hagi-shi, Yamaguchi-ken 
(Hagi 444) 



Zschiegner, Rev. & Mrs. Max, 
MSL--6, 2-chome, Kudan, 
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo (301-0272) 
HC#B f f ^ffl K AS 2 T H 6 

* k * 

Zwintscher, Rev. & Mrs. Victor, 
MSL 4292-16, Sunaoshi, Taie, 
Niitsu-shi, Niigata-ken 
(Niitsu 576) 

WUWfitffifflfc-f fc* 1 16- 


Zwyghuizen, Rev. & Mrs. John 

(Helene), IBC (RCA) 761, 

Kami-Osaki, 1-chome, Shina- 
gawa-ku, Tokyo (473-3072) 
Ti 761 

39 i 8 fl 10 ft fill 
39 ^ 8 ^ 20 ^ ff 

Price 800 

$3.00 (Post paid) 
Bank charge $.30 




y K * - t: 

(503) 0984, 0985 

% fr 

K : (561) 8446 

**P& JR^C 1 1357 

Ginza Kyo Bun Kwan Tokyo 

Printed in Japan (1964) 

The first Large-Scale 

Achieved in This 
Industry ! 

Integrated Maker 

of Steel Furniture 



21, 2-Chome, Yoyogi, Shibuya-Ku, Tokyo 

Branches TEL. (362) 1236-8 



.... New Penetrating 

Relief " Deep Heat " 
For Arthritis, Rheumatism, 

Sore Muscles and Chest Colds 

Main Article: 




Air- Wick 

Air- Wick Gel 

Air-Wick Mist 

Air- Wick Answer 


Omi Hachiman, Shiga Pref. Japan. 


Drycleaning & Laundry 



TEl. 1467) 8131 





General Saks Agency 

" Olympia " " Erica " 

Items of Business : 

Sales & Repair of Typewriters 
for Japanese & European 

Main Office at: 

No. 2, 4-chome, Ginza, Chuo- 
ku, Tokyo. 
Tel. 561-6937 


( -Top Quality and Service 

j. Catalogs Booklets 

Business Reports Posters 

Leaflets Calendars 
( - Letterheads Envelopes 

Please Phone to: Tel. (503) 0981-5 



3, Kasurr.igaseki, Tokyo * 



Accurate, Speedy 

Superb Craftsmenship 


24 1 Chome, Suidobata, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo 
TEL. (811) 4720.5427 (812) 1709 

Here s an ideal storage battery! 


It s called 



1/aglsitL is the first ideal battery ever 
produced in the world. 



New 16 mm Film 


The Babe in Manger 
. 350. 

The Resurrection 

. 350. 


For further information come or write 
for catalog to AVACO 



22, Midorigaoka, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Tel: (401) 4121-5