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•>*»?» ss WKS'fe a^s«£e^ss£ft;»«v;e^'ii we^i w 

i F. li. WETMORE & Co., f 


and ^ 


Yokoliaina, Japan. | 

JiDOiA^AMx^f h^ 


.J Z**-^ 










770 Broad^A^ay. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in tlie year 1873, by 


In the OflSce of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. 



90 N. WILLIAM ST., N. Y. ,4 beekman street, n. ». 


In order to render the Dictionary more portable and convenient 
in size, the Author has thought it best to abridge the larger work 
and bring it out in its present form. In so doing, he has omitted 
the Chinese and Japanese characters, the synonyms, and the ex- 
amples showing the use of the words, excepting such as contained 
a peculiar idiom, and which could not be included in a definition. 

All the native Japanese words, with the exception of those which 
were rarely used or obsolete, have been retained ; as, also, all the 
words derived from the Chinese which are in current use. 

In most cases, the arrangement of the compound words, espe- 
cially of the verbs and Chinese words, has been altered ; and, 
instead of making each an independent word, they have been 
arranged under the first member of the compound, as may be seen 
in the case of Abura, Fumi, or Rai. 

The Second, or English and Japanese, Part, has not been 
abridged or altered from the original, except in the correction 
of such typographical errors as were met with. 

In order that the Dictionary may be more easily understood, it 
may be well to explain that, in the Japanese and English Part, the 
root of the verb only is printed in small capitals, that which follows 


in italics, separated by a dash, are the adjective form, and the preter- 
ite tense, as, Abaki,-/^?^,-//^, should be read Abaki, abakii, abaita ; 
KQY.,-ru,-ta^ should be read. Age, ageru, ageta, and M.\,-ru,-ta, 
should be read, Mi, iniru, mita. Also, in the case of the adjec- 
tives, when printed OMOi,-ki,-ku,-shz, it should be read, 0}not\ 
omoki, omoku, omoshi, the first and second being the attributive, 
the third the adverbial, and the fourth the predicative forms of the 

The hyphen is used alvi^ays to connect the different members of 
a compound word. 

J. C. H. 


a has the sound of a in father, arm. 

e has the sound of ey in they, prey. 

i has the sound of / in 7nachme, pique, or hke the sound of e in 

has the sound of o in no, so. The horizontal mark over b and 

u, indicates merely that the sound of o and u is prolonged. 
u has the long sound of u in rule, tune, or oo in 7noon, excepting 

in the syllables tsu, dzu, and su, when it has a close sound, 

resembling, as near as possible, the sound of u pronounced 

with the vocal organs fixed in the position they are in just 

after pronouncing the letter s. 
at has the sound of ai in aisle, or like eye. 
an has the sound of ow in cow, how. * 
ch is pronounced like ch in cheek, cheap, 
sh is pronounced like sh in shall, ship, shop. 
f has a close resemblance to the sound of the English/, but differs 

from it, in that the lower Hp does not touch the upper teeth ; 

the sound is made by blowing fu softly through the lips 

nearly closed, resembling the sound of wh in who : fu is an 

aspirate, and might, for the sake of uniformity, be written hu. 
g in the Yedo dialect, has the soft sound of 7ig ; but in Kiyoto, 

Nagasaki, and the Southern provinces it has the hard sound 

of g in go, gaifi. 
r in ra, re, ro, ru, has the sound of the English r ; but in ri it is 

pronounced more like d ; but this is not invariable, as many 

natives give it the common r sound. 
se in Kiyoto, Nagasaki, and the Southern Provinces, is pronounced 

she, and ze like Je. 

The final n, when at the end of a word, has always the sound 

of ng ; as, nio)i = inong, san = sang, nin = ni7ig ; but in the 

body of a word, when followed by a syllable beginning with b, 771 

or p, it is pronounced like 7n, as, ba7i-7ni7i = ba7)i77iin^ ; 7/i07i-ba?i, 



= inombang ; shin-pai = shiTn-pai. Before the other consonants 
it has the sound of n ; as, an-iiai, ban-dai, han-jb. 

The sounds of the other consonants, viz., b, d, h, j, k, m, n, p, 
s, t, w, y and z, do not differ from their common English sounds. 



stands for 







causative form of the verb. 






Riture or dubitative form of the verb. 


exclamation or interjection. 


future tense. 


imperative mood. 

Z. V. 

intransitive verb. 




negative form of the verb. 








perfect participle. 

present participle. 


preterite or past tense. 




transitive verb. 


the same. 


equal to. 

— in the First Part of the Dictionary, stands for the repetition of 


Japanese word ; 

in the Second Part, for the repetition of 


English word. 


Aa. Ah! alas! oh! 

Aa, adv. In that way, so, that. — suru., 
to do in that way. — z«, that way, that 

ABAi^-mt, -aita., t.v. To shield or screen 
from danger, to protect, defend. 

ABAiCE,-r«,-/«, i.v. To be broken open ; 
to be divulged, made public. 

ABAKi,-,4-Z(!,-z^rt, t.v. To break or dig 
open that wliich confines or covers some- 
thing else ; to expose or divulge ; as, a 

Abara, n. The side of the chest. 

Abara-bone, «. A rib. 

Abara-ya, n. A dilapidated house, a 

ABARE,-r«,-^«, i.v. To act in a wild, 
violent, turbulent, or destructive man- 
ner ; to be disorderly, riotous. 

Abare-mono, «. A riotous, disorderly 

AbarIj n. A bamboo needle used for 
making nets. 

Abata, n. Pock-marks. 

Abekobe-ni, adv. In a contrary, oppo- 
site, or reversed manner ; inside out, 
upside down. 

ABi,-r«,-i'«, t.v. To bathe by pouring 
water over one's self. 

Abiko, «. A kind of lizard. 

ABiSE,-r«,-^«, t.v. To pour water over 
or bathe another. 

Abu, n. A horse-fly. 

Abuku, n. Bubbles, froth, foam. 

Abumi, «. A stirrup. A^umi-s/ti,'n- 

ABUNAGARi,-rM,-/.-z, Lv. To feel timid, to 
be fearful. 

ABU^Al,-k^\-k?^ -s/ii, a. Dangerous, per- 
ilous, hazardous. ASunaz, take care. 

Abunasa, «. The danger, peril, hazard. 

Abura, n. Oil, grease, fat, sweat. — «c» 
shimi., a grease spot. Ahura-ashi^ 
sweaty feet. Abura-darti., an oil-tub. 
Abura-de., sweaty hands. Abn7-a-ga- 
;«/, oil-paper. Abura-hi, an oil light. 
Abura-kasii, oil-cake. Abu^-a-kaiua^ 
the membrane that encloses the fat. 
Abura-mushi., a cockroach. Abtira- 
nuki, anything that extracts grease. 
Abura-sashi\ an oil-can. Abura- 
skime, an oil-press. Abura-tsubo, an 
oil-jar. Abura-tsugi., an oil-can. A- 
bura-ya, an oil-store, an oil-seller. A- 
bura-ye, an oil-painting. Abura-zara, 
a lamp-cup. 

Aburage. Anything fried in oil. 

ABURA-GiRi,-r«,-^a, i.v. To become 
oily on the surface, to be covered with 

Aburake. Oily, fatty, greasy (in taste). 

Aburami, «. The fat, or fatty part of 

Abura-na, n. The rapeseed plant. 

ABURE,-rM,-z'«, i.v. To overflow, to in- 
undate, to be covered with a multitude; 
to be left over. 

Abure-mono, n. A ruffian, disorderly 

ABURi^-ru,-tta, t.v. To hold or place 
near a fire in order to warm, dry, roast 
or toast. Aburi-kaivakasu, to dry at 
the fire. Abtiri-kogasu., to char or 
scorch. Aburi-korosu, to roast to 
death, burn at the stake. 

Aburiko, «. A gridiron. 

AcHi, adv. There, that place. 

AcHi-KOCHi, adv. Here and there, all 
about, more or less. 

AcHiRA, adv. There, that place, yonder. 

Ada, n. An enemy, adversary, foe. Ada 
szirUy to oppose. 


ADA i 

Ada, a. Useless, vain, empty, fictitious. 
Ada-dama^ a ball or shot that missed 
the mark. Ada-bana^ blossoms which 
bear no fruit. Ada-guchi^ empty, tri- 
fling or foolish talk. 

Adafuda, adv. Capricious, whimsical, 
changeable, unsteady. 

Ada-gataki, n. An enemy. 

Adakamo, adv. Just, precisely, exactly. 

ADAMEKi,-^«,-^rt, i. V. To be idle, in- 
dolent, fond of pleasure. 

Ada-na, a. Lovely, charming, voluptu- 

Ada-na, n. A fictitious name, nick- 

Ada-ni, adv. Uselessly, vainly, un- 

Adappoi, a. Lovely, charming, fascinat- 

Adavaka, a. Beautiful. 

Adena, a. Beautiful, gay, genteel. 

Adeyaka, a. Beautiful, gay, or genteel 
in appearance. 

ADOKENAi,-/^i,-/^M,-jAz, a. Ignorant, 
without judgment, simple. 

Adzuchi, n. A mound or bank of earth 
against which a target is plaeed. 

ADzuKARi,-r?<,-/«, /. V. To receive, to 
be intrusted with, to have consigned or 
committed to one's care, to have charge 
of, to partake or participate in, to be 
employed in, to be the subject of, to be 
the recipient of. 

AT>zi!KE,-ru,-(a, t. v. To commit to the 
care of another, to entrust, to give in 
charge, to deposit, consign. 

Adzuki, n. A small red bean. 

AFURE,-r«,-^a, z. V. Same as Abure,- 

Agaki,-,^k,-zV«, i. V. To paw with the 
feet, to gallop, prance ; to move the 
legs as a tortoise when lying on its 
back ; to struggle, scramble ; to exert, 
strive, hasten. 

AGAME,-rM,-^rt, t. V. To exalt, to adore, 
to glorify, to honor. 

Aganau,-«?<,-^«, t. V. To atone for, to 
make satisfaction for, to compensate, to 
redeem, to make good. 

Agari .,-ru^-tia^ i. v. To ascend, rise, go 
up, to enter ; to take (as food, drink) ; 
to come ; to be confiscated or taken 
away by government ; to be done or 
finished. Agari-ba.^ a platform, a raised 
place for standing on. Agari-dan^ a 
ladder, steps, stairs. Agari-deiiji., con- 
fiscated land. Agari-giichi^ the en- 
trance to a flight of steps. Agari-sa- 
gari., rise and fall, up and down. Aga- 
ri-ya., a gaol. Agari-yaskiki., confis- 
cated house. 


AGE,-r«,-^«, /. V. To elevate, to raise, 

to give, to offer in sacrifice, to reckon, 

to tell, to finish. 
AGE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To fry. 

1, n. A tuck (in a garment). 
Ageba, n. A landing, wharf, jetty, a 

place for unloading goods. 
Age-buta, n. A trap door. 
Agechi, n. Weaning a child. 
Agegotatsu, «. A brazier placed on a 

Ageku-ni, adv. At last, finally. 
Age-maki, n. The two round tufts of 

hair left over the temples in shaving a 

young boy's head ; a boy of the age of 

from three to ten years ; a kind of bow- 
AG'E-MOC\m^-yuru.,-ta, i. v. To elevate 

from a low social position to service in 

a prince's employ. 
Age-nabe, «. A frying-pan. 
AGETSURAi,-o,-o^a, t. V. To discuss, to 

discourse on, to reason on. 
Agi, n, Assafoetida. 
Agi, or Agoto, n. The lower jaw. 
Ago, or Agota, n. The chin, lower 

AGUMi,-;«?<,-«^a, i. v. Tired, wearied, 

to have one's patience exhausted. 
AGUNE,-r«,-^a, i. v. To be surfeited, 

Agur.^, n. Sitting with the legs crossed 

tailor fashion. 
Ahen, n. Opium. 
Ahiru, «. The domestic duck. 
Aho, n. A dunce, fool ; stupid, foolish, 

Ah6rashii,-^/,-^«, a. Foolish, silly, 

stupid in manner. 
Ai, {itsukushimi)^ n. Love, affection. 

— suru, to love, as a parent or friend. 
Ai, n. Indigo, the Polygonum Tine- 

Ai, {katiasMfni)., n. Sorrow, sadness, 

Ai, n. Interval of time or space ; time, 

during, between. 
Ai, au., atta, i. v. To meet, to meet 

with, encounter, suffer, to happen on, 

to find. 
Ai, a?<, atta^ i. v. To agree, correspond, 

accord, suit, fit. 
Ai-ai-ni, adv. At various intervals of 

time or space ; together. 
Ai-ban, n. A fellow watchman. 
Ai-Bi, n. The plank laid from a boat to 

land by. 
AiBiAi,-a»,-a^/a, t. v. The same as Ayu- 

Ai-BiKi, «. A mutual retreat or with- 

AI _J 

Ai-b6, n. A fellow chairbearer or coolie. 
Ai-BORE,-r?<,-/«, i. V. To be in love with 

each other. 
AiDA, n. Interval of space or time, time, 

space ; between, while, during ; since, 

as, because. 
AiDAGARA, «. Relations, connections. 
Ai-DESHi, n. Fellow pupils, school- 

AiDZU, n. A signal, sign. 

Ai-DZUCHi, n. A large sledge-hammer. 

Ai-DZUMI, n. A ball of indigo used in 

Ai-DZURI, n. Printed with blue figures. 

Ai-GAi, n. Mutual injury. 

Ai-GUMi, n. Belonging to the same com- 

Ai-GUSURi, n. A medicine adapted to 
the disease, a specific. _ 

Ai-jiRUSHi, n. An ensign, banner, badge, 

Ai-KAGi, n. A false key, a fellow key to 
the same lock. 

Ai-KAM.\YETE, adv. Certainly, positive- 
ly, by all means. 

Ai-KASA, «. Two persons under one um- 
brella. — de aruku. 

Ai-KATA, «. A mate, partner, compan- 
ion, fellow, playmate, comrade ; a coun- 
terpart, or impression. 

Ai-KOTOBA, n. A signal (by words or 
sounds), countersign, watch-word. 

Ai-KiCHi, n. A short sword without a 
hilt ; a dagger. 

Ai-KUGi, n. A nail fixed in the edge of a 
board to join it with another. 

Ai-MUKAi, -au,-a(ia, i. v. To be oppo- 
site or facing each other. 

Ai-MUKAi-Ni, adv. Opposite each other, 
face to face. 

Ai-MUKO, n. Persons who have married 
sisters, brothers-in-law. 

Ai-NAKA, n. Intimacy, friendly inter- 
course, amicable and familiar terms. 

AiRASHiii-i'z, a. Lovely, darling, pretty, 
sweet, beautiful. 

AiRo, «. A blue color for painting. 

AiSATSU, n. Salutation, acknowledgment 

lute, to mediate, or interpose and set- 
tle a difficulty between parties at vari- 

AiSATSU-NiN, n. A peace-maker, a me- 
diator, intercessor. 

Ai-SHi, n. Beloved child. 

Ai-So, n. Love, attachment ; civil, cour- 
teous, or polite in treatment of others. 
— 1U0 suru, to treat courteously. 

Als6DZUKASHi,-j?<,-z'a, i. V. Tocool in 
affection or attachment to another ; to 
treat with rudeness or incivility. 


AisoMUKi,-^z<,-zVa, /. V. To turn the 
back on each other. 

Ais6nage-ni, adv. In an uncourteous, 
uncivil or rude manner. 

Ais6RASHn,-/5-z,-/tzz, a. Kind, civil, cour- 
teous or polite in manner. 

AiTA, exclam. It hurts, it pains. 

Aitagai-ni, adv. Mutually, together, 
with or amongst one another. 

Ai-TAi,-/C'/,-/^?^, a. Wish to meet, would 
like to see. 

AiTAi, adv. Face to face, opposite to each 
other ; between themselves, without the 
presence or intervention of another. 

AiTAi-GAi, n. Trading or buying direct- 
ly, without the intervention of a third 

AiTAi-Ni, adv. Privately, by themselves, 
without the interposition or presence 
of others. 

AiTE, n. A mate, partner, companion ; 
an opponent, antagonist, adversary, 
competitor, the other party in any af- 

AiTEDORi,-rM,-2'i'^, t. V. To treat as an 
enemy or opposing party (as in a law- 
suit, or quarrel) ; against. 

AiTSU, «. That low tellow. 

AiYAKE, n. The daughter-in-law's or 
son-in-law's father. 

AiY.\KU, 71. A fellow officer. 

AiYOME, n. The wives of two brothers ; 
or daughters-in-law in the same family. 

AizoME, n. Blue-dyed. 

Aji, n. Taste, flavor. 

AjiKi.N'Ai,-^/,-/?-?^, a. Unpleasant, unhap- 
py, miserable, wearily. 

AjiXAi,-/^/, a. Without flavor, tasteless, 

AjiRO, n. A woven work of bamboo, 
ratan, or grass. 

AjiSAi, n. The Hydrangea. 

AjnvAi, n. Taste, flavor. 

AjiWAi,-6,-6/a:, t. V. To taste, to try, 

Aka^ n. The water placed by the Bud- 
dhists before their idols, and in the 
hollow places cut in tomb stones; Holy 

Aka, u. Bilge-water. 

Aka, n. The dirt or grease of the body, 
the dirt or slime of water, dirt. 

Aka, a. Red. 

Akadaikon, «. A beet. 

Aka-dama, n. A red stone. The name 
of a secret medicine, made into red 
pills, and used for pain in the stom- 

Akagane, n. Copper. 

Akagayeru, «. A species of frog having 

a beautifully striped skin. 
Akage, n. Red hair. 


Akagashi, n. The name of a tree ; lit. 

red oak. 
Akagire, n. Chaps, or cracks on the 

hands or feet produced by cold. 
Akago, n. n. An infant. 
Akah.\daka, Stark naked, bare of cloth- 
Akahaji, n. Blushing for shame, shame. 

— wo kaku^ to blush for shame. 
Akahar.\, «. Dysentery. 
Akai,-/^z', a. Red. 
Akaji.mita, a. Dirty, soiled by the 

grease of the body. 
Akaku, adv. Red. — surUy to make 

red. — naruy to become red. — nai. 

it is not red. 
Akamatsu, n. Red pine. 
Akambo, n. An infant. 
AKAME,-r«,-/«, t. V. To make red, to 

AyiAym-Ai,-au,-atta, i. v. To confront 

each other with flushed face. 
Akami, n. A redness, a red color or 

tinge of red, the red psirt, the lean part 

of flesh. 
AKAMi-DACHi,-^.y«,-2'«, /. V. To tum or 

become red ; as the leaves or fruit. 
AKAMi-WATARi,-r?/,-^i?a, i. V. To become 

red all over, as the sky at sunset. 
Akane, n. The name of a root used for 

dyeing red ; Madder, or Rubia-cordata. 
Aka-otoshi, n. Any thing that will 

cleanse or remove dirt from the body 

or clothing. 
Akaragao, n. A red face. 
AKARAMi,-w?«,-«</a, i. V. To become 

red, to redden, to blush, to be ripe. 
Akara-Sama-ni, adv. Without conceal- 
ment or disguise, explicitly, plainly, 

AKARE,-ru,-ia, /ass. of Aki. To be dis- 
liked, loathed. 
Akari, n. The light, a light. 
Akari-mado, n. A skj'-light. 
Akari-saki, n. Before one's light, in 

one's light. 
Akari-tori, n. A window, or any place 

letting in light. 
Akarui,-/^z,-/^7<!, a. Light not dark. 
Akarusa, n. The lightness, the state or 

degree of light. 
,«. The 

AkaSA, ; 

state or degree of red- 

Akashi,-5-«,-^«, f. V. To declare or make 
known something concealed, to confess, 
reveal ; to bring to light ; to spend the 
whole night in doing anything. 

Akashi, n. Proof, evidence. 

Aka-suji, «. Red lines, or veins. 

Aka-tori, n. A vessel for bailing a 

4 AKl 

Akatsuki, n. The dawn of day, day- 

AKE,-r«,-^a, t. V. or i. v. To open ; to 
empty, to dawn. 

Ake, «. The opening dawn. — mictsu., 
six o'clock in the morning. — iio 
kane^ the morning bell. — no fsuki, 
the next month. — no toshi., the fol- 
lowing year. 

Akeboxo, n. The dim dawn of the 

Ake-gata, n. The dawn. 

Ake-gure, n. The darkness just befpre 
day break. 

AKE-HANARE,-rz<,-^a, i. V. To dawn, to 
break, (as the day.) 

Ake-hanashi,-j«,-/«, /. V. To leave 

Ake-kure, «> The rising and setting of 
the sun, morning and evening, day and 
night, constantly. 

Akeni, n. A box made of bamboo, used 
in traveling. 

Ake-tate, n. Opening and shutting. 

Aki, n. Autumn, fall. 

AK.\^-kti or kirtiy aita^ i. v. To be full, 
satiated, to have enough ; to be tired 
of, wearied. 

Aki, n. Satiety, fulness, enough. — 
ga deru^ to get tired of anything. 

Aki, aku., aita^ i. v. To be open, emp- 
ty, vacant, unoccupied ; to begin. 

Aki-bako, n. An empty box. 

Akibito, n. A merchant, trader. 

Aki-chi, n. Vacant, land, unoccupied or 
uncultivated ground. 

Aki-dana, n. A vacant shop or house. 

Akido, 71. The gills of a fish. 

AKi-HATE,-r«,-Z'd;, i. V. To be com- 
pletely satiated, to be tired of any- 
thing, disgusted. 

Aki-ive, n. A vacant house. 

Akimekura, n. Amaurosis, or glauco- 

Akimono, n. Merchandise, goods. 

AKiNAi,-aM,-a^/a, t. V. To trade, to 
traffic, to buy and sell. 

Akinai, n. Trade, traffic, commerce. 

Akinai-bune, n. A merchant-ship. 

Akinai-mono, n. Merchandise, goods, 

Akindo, n. A merchant, trader, trades- 

Akippoi, a. Easily tired, soon satisfied, 

Akiraka, a. Clear, plain, intelligible; 
manifest, distinct, obvious, luminous. 

Akiraka-ni, ad7i. Clearly, distinctly, 
plainly, evidently, intelligently. 

AKiRAME,-r«,-^«, t. V, To clear, to make 
plain, to understand ; to clear, free or 


relieve the mind of doubt or suspense, 
to satisfy, or set the mind at rest, to be 

Akirame. n. Ease or relief of mindfrom 
doubt, perplexity or anxiety ; resigna- 
tion, satisfaction. 

AKiRE,-r«,-ifa, /. V. To be astonished, 
amazed, to wonder, to be surprised. 

AKiTARi,-r?,f,-j?rt, i. V. To be satisfied, to 
have enough, contented. 

Aki-ya, n. A vacant house. 

Akkenai,-,^/,-,^?^, a. Not enough, not 
satisfied, longing for more. 

AKKE-Ni-TORARE,-r2<!,-/i};, i. V. To be 
amazed, surprised, astonished, thunder- 

Akkerakan, adv. In a vacant, empty 
manner ; having nothing to occupy 
one's self with, listlessly. 

Akki, 71. Evil spirits, a demon. 

Akki, n. Noxious vapors, miasma. 

Akko, n. Vile, scurrilous, or blackguard 

Aku, n. Lye ; also the liquor obtained by 
slacking lime, or steeping anything in 

Aku, a. Bad, wicked, evil, malignant, 
noxious, virulent, foul. — -wo snru, to 
commit evil. — ntc/iz, an unlucky day. 

— biyo, a malignant disease. — ck!\ 
impure blood. — /«, bad customs. — 
^o, evil deeds. — /z, an evil thing or 
act. — giyaku., treason, perfidy. — 
«/«^ a bad man. — miyd., a bad name. 

— .yo, a bad physiognomy. — tat., foul 

Akubi, «. Yawning, gaping. — ivo sum., 
to yawn, gape. 

Akudoi,-^z, a. Quickly producing satie- 
ty, cloying, palling, gross in taste; not 
delicate, refined, or proper ; florid. 

Aku-ma, n. A demon, devil. 

Aku-rivo, 71.' A malicious spirit of a dead 

Akuru, a. The_ dawning or opening of 
the day: ensuing, following, next. — 
hi., the next day. — toshi., the following 

Akuta, n. Dirt, litter, filth. 

Ama, n. A Buddhist nun. 

Ama, n. A fisherwoman. 

Ama, n. Heaven, the sky ; used only in 

Ama-agari, n. Clearing off of rain. 

Amaboshi, n. Sun-dried, without being 

Amacha, n. The name of a sweet infu- 
sion, used as a medicine, and for wash- 
ing the image of Shaka, on the anniver- 
sary of his birth. 


Amadari, n. The rain dropping from the 

Amadari-uke, n. The spout for con- 
ducting rain-water from the trough. 

Amadera, 71. A convent or nunnerjr. 

Amado, 7t. A rain-door, the outside 

Amagappa, «. A rain-coat. 

Amakasa, n. A rain-hat, or an umbrella. 

Amagayeru, «. A tree-frog. _ 

Amagoi, 71. Prayers and sacrifices offered 
up to procure rain. 

Amagu, 71. Articles used to protect from 
rain ; as an umbrella, rain-coat. 

Amai,-/^z', a. Sweet, pleasant to the taste, 
savory ; not enough salt ; loose, not 
tight, having too much play; soft, as, 
metal ; foolish. 

Amajiwo, 71. Slightly salted. 

Amakedzuki,-/&z<,-z/'(*, i. V. To have the 
appearance of rain. 

Amaku, adv. Sweet. — suru, to 

AuA-KVD\m,-ru,-tia., z\ v. To descend 
from heaven. 

Ama-midzu, 71. Rain-water. 

Ama-mori, 71. A leaking of rain through 
the roof; a small court-yard in the cen- 
tre of a house. 

Ama-moyoi, 71. A gathering of the clouds 
for rain. 

AMA.iiM,-au.,-atta., t. v. To taste with 
pleasure, relish. 

Amaneku, adv. Every^-here, universally, 
all, whole. 

As\\n]i.,-dzuru.,-ta., i. v. To relish, de- 
light in. 

Amanogavva, n. The milky way. 

Ama-ochi, 71. A small court-yard in the 
centre of a house ; the gutter or place 
where the rain-drops fall from the eaves 
of a house. 

Ama-6i, 71. A covering, or screen to 
keep off the rain. 

Amareru, i. V. To be left over, to be 
over and above. 

AMARi,-rz<,-^Ai;, f. V. To exceed, to be 
more, or greater than, to be beyond or 
above, to remain over, to be left over. 

Amari, 71. That which is left over, the 
remainder, excess, surplus, overplus. 

Amari, adv. Very, exceedingly, more 
than, too, above. 

Amari-na, or, Amari-no, a. Excessive, 
more than is common or reasonable, 
immoderate, inordinate, extraordina- 

Amasa, «. The state or degree of sweet- 

AMASHi,-j?^,-^<r, t. V. To let remain, leave 


Ama-shoji, n. An outside or rain door, 

made of sash pasted with oiled paper. 
Amas6-na, a. Having the appearance of 

being sweet, or pleasant to the taste. 
AmaSsaye, adv. Moreover, besides, still 

Amata, a. Many, much. 
Ama-yadori, n. Shelter from the rain. 
Amayakashi,-^?^,-^^:, /. V. To humor, 

pet, indulge, as a child ; to dandle or 

amuse a child. 
Amaye, n. Indulgence, humoring or pet- 
ting a child. 
AMAYE,-r«,-/a, i. V. To be humored, 

indulged, petted. 
Ama-yo, n. A rainy night. 
Ama-yoke, n. A rain screen. 
Ama-zake, n. Sweet sake^ a kind of 

drink made of fermented rice. 
Ambai, n. The seasoning or taste of 

food ; the state, condition, way, mode, 

Am-bu. — suru. To quiet, tranquil- 

ize, pacify ; to make contented and 

Ame, «. A kind of jelly made of wheat 

Ame, n. The sky, heavens. A me tsuchi^ 

heaven and earth. 
Ame, «. Rain. — ga furu^'\\.r^vas,. 
Ame-fu'ri, n. Rainy weather. 
Ameushi, n. A yellow-haired ox. 
AmIj n. A net, net-work of any kind, a 

A^n,-mu,-nda^ t. v. To net, or make 

net-work ; to weave or bind together 

with strings ; to compose. 
Amida, n. The name of Buddha. 
Ami-do, n. A door made of wire gauze. 
Amigasa, n. A hat made of bamboo or 

Ami-hiki, n. A fisherman. 
Ami-jiban', n. A shirt made of net-work, 

worn in hot weather to protect the gar- 
ments from sweat. 
Amma, n. Shampooing, also a shampoo- 

er. — wo toru^ to shampoo. 
Ammatori, n. A shampooer. 
Ammon, n. A first or rough copy. 
Ampi, Kydsuku inayu), n. Whether well 

or not, welfare, health. — w^ to, to 

inquire after the health. 
Ampuku, n. Shampooing or rubbing the 

An, «. Minced meat, or a mixture of 

beans and sugar used for baking in cakes. 
An, {ovioi), n. Opinion, thought, ex- 
pectation ; also the table, bar or bench 

before a judge ; a case or action in law. 
Ana. Exclamation of joy, 

prise, disgust ; how ! oh ! 

i ANJ 

Ana, n. A hole, cave, pit, mine. 

ANAT>OKi,-ru,-tia, t. v. To despise, con- 
temn, scorn, look down upon, disdain. 

Anadori, n. Contempt, disdain, scorn. 

Anagachi-ni, adv. By compulsion, right 
or wrong, unreasonably, reluctantly. 

Anago, n. A species of eel. 

Ana-gura, n. A cellar or store-house 

Ana-ichi, n. The game of pitch-penny. 

Anaji, n. Fistula in ano. 

Anata, a. That side, there ; you. 

Anchi. Installing or placing an idol 
in a temple, to enshrine- 

Andara, n. Nonsense, foolishness. 

Ando, 71. Ease, happiness, tranquility, 
freedom, from care or trouble. 

Andox, «. A lamp. 

AxDZU, n. Apricot. 

Ane, n. Older sister. 

Ane-bun, 71. One who acts the part of 
an older sister ; an adopted sister. 

Anego, 7t. Sister. 

Ane-muko, 71. Older sister's husband, 

Ane-mlsume, 71. The eldest daughter. 

Angiya, 71. A Buddhist priest who wan- 
ders or travels about from one sacred 
place to another for religious purposes ; 
a palmer, pilgrim. 

Angori, adv. Having the mouth open, 
in a gaping manner. 

An-guvvai, (piuoi 7to hoka.) Contrary to 
expectation, unexpectedly. 

Aki, 7t. Older brother. 

Ani-bun, 71. One who acts the part of an 
older brother, a friend ; sworn bro- 

Aniki, 71. An older brother. 

An-itsu,_ «. Living in ease, without work, 
living in idleness. 

Ani-yoaie, 71. Older brother's wife, or 

Anajaku, (kuraku yowashi). Imbecile, 

A's^i,-dz2trUy-ta, t. v. To tranquilize, 
make happy ; to be happy, to be in 
peace, free from trouble, or sickness. 

ANji,-y?>K or a'z«r«,-zV«, /. v. To think 
anxiously about, to be anxious, con- 
cerned, to consider. 

Anji, 71. An invention, contrivance; 
anxiety, care, concern. 

ANji-DASHi,-i-«,-/a, t. V. To call to mind, 
to suddenly recollect ; to plan, invent, 
to contrive, to excogitate. 

ANji-KURASHi,-i'iz,-/<'?, t. V. To live in 
constant anxiety, to pass the time anxi- 

ANji-MEGURASHi,-f?<,-^a, t. V. To pondct 
anxiously about, think over carefully. 

ANj ; 

ANjl-WABi,-r«,-^<j;, t. V. To be anxious 
and distressed about, to be in anxious 

Ati]\-\\AT>zvRAi,-au,-atta, t. v. To be 
painfully anxious or concerned about. 

An-ki, {yasuki ayaiiki)^ n. Safety or 
danger, existence or ruin, welfare. 

Ankuvva, n. A small box lined with 
plaster, in which coals are kept for 
warming the hands. 

Ann.\, a. That kind, manner or way ; 

Annai, n. Knocking at a door or callmg 
out for admittance ; sending word or a 
messenger to call a person to come, or 
show him the way ; the ways, the roads 
or natural features of a country; the 
streets and peculiar arrangement of a 
city or town ; the inside arrangement 
of a castle or house ; knowledge, ac- 

Annaija, n. A guide, one acquainted 
with the roads or natural features of a 
country or place. 

Ano, pro. That. 

An-on, {yasukic odayaka. Peace, ease, 
comfort ; freedom from want, danger or 
disturbance ; safety. 

An-raku, n. Happiness, ease. 

An-satsu, {hisokani korosu). Secret 
murder or assassination, killing by sur- 
prise or at night. 

An-satsu, (skiraberti). — suru, to 
judge, examine or try a criminal. 

An-shin, {yasiiki-kokoro)^ n. A mind 
free from care, anxiety or trouble ; com- 
posure, ease, tranquility. 

An-soku. Rest, ceasing from labor. 
— suru, to rest. — nicht, a day of 
rest, sabbath-day. 

An-ya, {yafni no yo)^ n. A dark night. 

An-zan, {yasukz( umu), n. An easy or 
natural labor. 

Ao, n. Light green, or sky blue, used 
only in compounds. 

AoBA, n. Green leaves. 

Aobai, n. The blue bottle fly. 

AoBANA, n. The green mucus running 
from the nose. 

AoBUKURE, n. Pale and swollen ; as a 
person with dropsy. 

AocHA, n. A yellowish-green color, tea- 

AoDZUKE, n. Green plums pickled in 

AoGi, -£-u,-zWa, t. V. To fan, to win- 

AoGi,-gii,-ida, t. V. To look upwards 
at, to turn the face upwards, to regard 
with veneration and supplication. Ten 
•wo — , to look upwards at the sky. 


Aogi-fusu., to lie with the face turned 
upward. Aogi-negau., to supplicate 
with deep veneration. Aogi-mirn., to 
look up at. 

AoGi-TATE,-r?<,-/i?, t. V. To kindle by 

AoHiKi, n. A small green frog. 

Aoi,-/&/, a. Light green or blue ; pale ; 
green, unripe ; immature, inexperi- 

Aoi, n. The holly-hock. 

AoKU, adv. Green. — ftarti, to become 
green. — suru, to make green. 

AoMi, -mu,-nda, i. v. To become green. 

AoMi-DACHi,-i'i-«,-z'i'«, /. V. To appear, 
or turn green. 

AoMUKi,-/J'?<,-zV«, /. V. To turn the face 
upwards. Aomuite nerti^ to lie on the 

AoNA, n. Greens. 

AoRi, n. The flaps of a saddle ; the fan 
used for winnowing grain. 

Aom,-rti,-tta, i. v. To flap, as anything 
broad or loose in the wind, to slam ; to 
swing in the wind, as a door or shutter ; 
to flap, or beat with a flap. 

AoRi, n. The blast of wind made by the 
flapping or slamming of anything. — 
1V0 ku, to be struck by a sudden blast, 
as of a falling house. 

AoSA, n. The state or degree of green- 

Ao-SHiROi.,-ki,-ku^-sht^ a. Pale, sickly, 

Aosuji, «. The blue veins of the tem- 

AoTA, n. The green paddy-fields ; a 
dead-head, one who enters theatres and 
shows without paying. 

AoTO, n. A kind of green stone, used for 

AouMA, n. A black horse. 

AovAGi, n. The willow. 

AozAME,-r«,-/a, i. v. To become livid 
or pallid. 

Appare. Exclamation of surprise and 

Ara, n. The bones offish or fowls. 

Ara, a. Coarse, rough, crude, unwrought, 
unpolished. Ara-dzumori, a rough 
estimate or calculation. Ara-gane, 
crude metal, ore. Ara-gawa, a raw 
hide, undressed skin. Ara-g/yo, religi- 
ous austerities. Ara-gome, uncleaned 

Ara-ara, adz'. Coarsely, roughly, brief- 
ly, summarily, not minutely, particular- 
ly or neatly, not with care or attention. 

Ara-arasuu, -kz\-ku, a. Coarse, rough, 
rude, harsh, violent, boisterous, fierce, 
vehement, ferocious, tempestuous. 

ARA 8 

A-RADAcm^-tstt.-tta, i. v. To become en- 
raged, exasperated, irritated, to be 
stormy, boisterous, rough. 

ARADATE,-r«,-/a, i. v. To irritate, to 

irritate, to 
provoke, to tease. 

Arai,-/^z-/^«, a. Coarse in texture, size, 
or quality ; rough, not smooth ; harsh, 
rude, wild ; boisterous, tempestuous, 

A^Ai^-au ^-atta^ t. v. To wash, to cleanse. 
A rai, washing. A rai-gusiiri^ a medi- 
cal wash. ^ ra/-/^<7, a washing-powder 
made of beans. Arai-otosu^ to wash 
out. Arai-tadern^ to cleanse the bot- 
tom of a ship by burning and wash- 

Arakajime, adv. Beforehand ; summa- 
rily, in a general way ; not particularly 
or minutely. 

Ara-kata, adv. For the most part, in 
the main, mostly, generally. 

Araken.a.i,->^z,-/^?^, a. Rough in temper, 
savage, cruel, churlish. 

Arakibari, n. Breaking up new soil and 
preparing for cultivation. 

ARAKrRE,-ri/,-^^, i. v. To be rough, 
coarse and strong, brawny, burly. 

Arakuroshii,-/&z,-/&«, a. Black and 
coarse, brawny and burly. 

Aram.'VShi, adv. For the most part, in 
the main, mostly, generally. 

Ara-momi, 71. Unhulled rice. 

Ara-mono, n Coarse wares ; a general 
term for such things as wood, char- 
coal, brooms, clogs, etc. Aramonoya, 
a shop where the above articles are 

Arare, n. Snow falling in round pel- 

Arasa, n. The coarseness, roughness, 
harshness, violence. 

A RASARE.-r ?/,-«■«, pass. o{ Arashz. To 
be laid waste, destroyed, desolated, 

Arase, -ru.-ta, caust. of Art. To cause 
to have, to be or exist, to create ; to in- 

ARA5m,-st(,-fa, t. V. To spoil, ruin or 
injure by violence ; to lay waste, de- 
stroy ; to let go to ruin. 

Arashi, n. A tempest, storm. 

Arashiko, n. A jack-plane. 

Arashime, ru, caust. of Ari. To cause 
or order to be or exist. 

ARASOi,-o,-/rt, t. V. To contend, to strive 
or compete, to dispute about, to wran- 
gle, quarrel. 

Arasoi, «. A dispute, contention de- 
bate, wrangling. 


Arasoitagari ,-r«,-2'/(z, /. V. To be fond 
of disputing or argument, contentious, 

Arata, «. New-made fields. 

ARATAMARi,-r;<,-^^a, i. v. To be amend- 
ed, overhauled, corrected, reformed, 

ARATAME,-rz/,-2'«, t. V. To renovatc, 
rectify, amend, alter, change, make 
better, to improve, reform ; to examine, 
inspect, overhaul. 

Aratame, n. Examination, inspection, 
reformation, am.endment. 

Aratamete, adv. Especially, particu- 

Arata-na, a. New. 

Arata-ni, adv. Anew, newly, in a new 
manner. — suru, to do over again, to 
renew, reform, renovate. 

Arate, n. Fresh troops, a fresh hand. 

Arato, n. A coarse kind of whetstone. 

Arawa-ni, adv. Openly, publicly. 

ARAWARE,-r2^,-/a, i. v. To be seen, to 
appear, to be manifest, visible ; to be 
known, to be discovered, revealed. 

ARAWASE,-rM,-^a, caust. of Arai. To 
make, order or let wash. 

ARAWASHi,-.y«,-^a, /. v. To make to ap- 
pear, cause to be seen, to display, dis- 
close, manifest, to show, make known, 
reveal, declare, publish. 

Ar.wlru, a. That which is, existing. 
— V10710, all things that are. 

Are, Exclam. in calling to another, or to 
draw attention. 

Are, J>ro. That. 
Are, imp. of ^rz. 

ku — , so be it. 

Be it, whether. Ka- 

To be rough, harsh, 
spoiled, ruined, laid waste ; to be sav- 
age, ferocious ; raging, tempestuous, 

Are, n. A storm, tempest. 

Are-CHI, n. Waste, uncultivated land. 

Aketa, n. Waste or uncultilvated rice 
fields ; wild meadow land. 

Ari, w. A dove-tailed joint. 

Ari, «. An ant. Art-dzuka.,&n2.nX.-'h\\\. 

Ari, aru^ atta, i. v. To be, to have, 
to exist. 

A'RiAi,-au^-atta^ i. v. To happen to be 
present, happen to have at hand. 

Ari-ake, «. Lasting all night. 

Ari-ari-to, adv. Just as it was or is, 
plainly, distinctly. 

ARi-AMARi,-r«,-^/a, i. v. That which 
one has over, more than one needs, all 
there is over. 

ARi-AWASE,-r«,-^a, /. V. To make to do, 
make suit ; cause to be on hand, or 


Ari-bito, n. The whole number of per- 
Ari-dake, n. All there is. 
Arido, or Ari-dokoro, n. The place 
where anything is. 

ARi-FUREi-r^,-/"*,-/. V. To be common, 
usual, ordinary, customary. 

Arigatai,-/^/, a. Difficult or hard to 
do ; rare and excellent ; exciting feel- 
ings of admiration, praise and thank- 
fulness ; grateful, thankful. 

ARiGATAGARi,-r«,-^^rt, /. V. To be grate- 
ful, or thankful ; lond of expressing 
thanks; to regard with admiration. 

Arigataku, adv. Thankful. — 07nO^ to 
feel grateful. 

Arigatasa, n. The state or degree of 
gratitude, also things to be thankful 
for, favors, blessings, benefactions. 

Arigato, adv. I thank you. 

Ari-ka, n. The place where anything 

Ari-kagiri, n. All there are. 

Ari-kiri, n. All there is, the whole. 

Ari-kitari, a. Customary, usual, as it 
has been from of old. 

Ari-masu, (comp. of Art and honorific 
i>iasii^ same as, artt. To be, to have. 
Arimashita., pret. have got or have 
found. Ariinase?t^ neg. have not or is 
not. Arimasumau I think there is 
not, or has not, or will not. 

Ari-xashi, n. Is or is not, have or have 

Arii-no-mama, n. Just as it is ; truly 
without concealment. 

Arinotowatari, n. The perinseum. 

Ari-sama, n. The state, condition, cir- 
cumstances, case. 

Ari-sho, n. The place in "which any 
thing is. 

Ariso, v. Appears to be or to have, looks 
as if there is. — na nion da^ I think it 
must be so. 

Ari-sugata, n. Proper station or place. 

ARiTAi,-.^z,-.rAz, a. Wish to be, or wish 
it were. 

Aritei, n. The truth or real facts of the 
case, the circumstances just as they 

ARiTSUKE,-r«,-2'«, i. V. To settle a per- 
son in a place of service or business ; 
to settle a daughter in marriage. , 

Aritsuki,-,^?^,-//^, z. v. To be settled in 
a place of service, to find a situation, to 
be married, (of a daughter.) 

Ari-y6, n. The true state of the case, 
all the circumstances, the facts.. 

Arizashi, n. Dove-tailed, in joinery, or 
tongue and groove. 

Aro, fut. or dub. ol Arz, same, sa Anan. 

) ASE 

Will be, I think it will, I think it is or 
there is. 

Aru, adj. form of ^rz'. To be, to have ; 
a certain, some. 

Aru-hei-t6, n. A kind of confectionary. 

Arvwn. \,pron. Or, either, some, others: 

Aruji, n. Lord, master, landlord, own- 

ARUKi,-/C-zz,-zVrt, i. V. To walk. 

Asa, n. Hemp. 

Asa, n. Morning, before lo o'clock 
A. M. 

Asa, Shallow, (used only in compounds.) 

AsA-ASASHii,-y('z,-,^«, a. Shallow, not 
deep, superficial ; mean, paltry, low, 

AsA-BORAKE, n. Moming twilight, day- 
break, dawn. 

AsADACHi, 71. A shower of rain early in 
the morning. 

AsA-DE, n, A slight or superficial 

Asagao, n. The morning glory. 

AsA-GARA, a. The refuse bark of hemp. 

AsA-GASUMi, n. The morning haze or 

AsA-Gi, n. A light green color. 

AsA-GivoME, n. The morning washing 
of the face, hands and mouth. 

AsA-HAN, n. Breakfast. 

ASAi,-/?'z,-/^z(r,-j/zz, n. Shallow, not deep; 
light in color. Asakii naru., to become 

AsA-MADAKi, n. Before daybreak. 

AsAMASHii,-/^7,-/^z<, a. Shallow-brained, 
silly, foolish ; base, vile ; paltry, mean ; 
inglorious, dishonorable. 

AsA-MESHi, n. The morning rice, break- 

AsA-NE, Sleeping late in the morning. 

— bo., a late sleeper. — wo sum. 
AsA-NUNO, n. Grass-cloth; 

AsA-OKi, 71. Rising from bed in the 

KsKTa.-rii^-tta., t. v. To scratch and 

search for food, as a fowl Ye wo — , 

AsASA, n. The sh.allowness. Kawa no 

— 7ii fu7ie ga tbranu. 

AsATTE, adv. Day-after-to-morrOw. 

AsAYAKE, 71. The glorious appearance 
of the sky at sun-rise, aurora. 

AsE, 71. Sweat, perspiration. — wo ka- 
ku., to sweat. — ga dertc^ he sweats. 

AsEGO, or AsEMO, 71. Prickly heat. 

AsENYAKU, n. Catechu. 

AsERi,-r«,-^i'a, r. v. To be in a hurry, 
to be in haste ; to be urgent, eager, ve- 
hement ; to twist and turn, as in trying 
to escape ; to struggle. 

ASE ] 

AsKRi, -ru,-ia, i. v. To fade, become 
lighter in color, lose freshness. 

AsE-TORi, n. An undershirt worn to 
protect the other garments from sweat ; 
a handkerchief. 

AsHi, n. The leg, foot. — no yubi^ the 
toes. — vo tsiime, a toe-nail. — no 
kb, the instep or back of the foot. — 
no ura^ sole of the foot. Hi no — , the 
rays of the sun shining through a 
cloud. A 7ne no — , the appearance of 
rain falling in the distance. Fiine no 
— , that part of a ship that is beneath 
the surface of the water, 

AsHi, n. A rush, or flag. 

AsHi, Evil. Yoshi-ashi^ good and evil. 

AsHi-ABURi, n. A foot-stove. 

ASHi-ATO, «. Foot prints. 

AsHi-BA, n. A scaffold, the footing, 
place for the feet to rest on. 

AsHi-BAYA, n. Swift-footed. 

AsHi-BivoSHi, n. Beating time or drum- 
ming with the feet. — tvo iorii, to beat 
time with the feet. 

AsHiDA, n. Wooden clogs. — no io, 
the horizontal piece. — fio ka, the two 
upright pieces — no kanao^ the thong. 

AsHi-DAMARi, n. A foothold, point d'ap- 

AsHi-DOME, «. A stop in going or com- 
ing, a halt. — wo suru^ to stop. 

AsHiDORi, «. The gait or manner of 

AsHi-DZURi, n. Dancing or rubbing the 
feet together in anger. 

AsHi-GAKARi, n. A foothold, a place to 
step or stand on. 

AsHi-G.\NE, n. Fetters, shackles. 

AsHiGARU, n. Foot soldiers. 

AsHiGASE, n. Stocks for confining the 
feet of criminals. 

As'nn.-ki^-ku^-shi, a. Bad, wicked, evil. 
Akiku-iu^ to speak evil. 

AsHijiRO, «. A scaffold. 

AsHiKA, n. A seal. 

AsHi-KUBi, n. The ankle. 

AsHi-MATOi, n. ■ A clog, impediment, 
hindrance in going. 

AsHiMOTO, n. Near the feet. — ni ki 
wo tsukeru^ look where you are going. 

AsHi-MOTSURE, «. A clog. Impediment 
or hindrance in going. 

ASHi-NAKA, «. Sandals which cover only 
half the sole of the foot. 

AsHi-NAMi, n. The line, or order of the 
feet, as in troops marching. 

AsHi-NAYE, n. Crippled in the legs, or 

AsHi-OTO, «. The sound made by the 
feet in walking ; sound of footsteps. 

ASHiRAi,-a«,-a//a, t. v. To treat, to be- 


have, or act towards ; to amuse, to en- 
tertain ; to set off, decorate. Ta-nin 
wo kiybdai no yo ni — , to treat a 
stranger like a brother. Kiyaku wo 
— , to entertain a guest. 

AsHiRAi, n. Treatment, entertainment ; 

AsHiSAMA-Ni, adv. In a bad manner. 
— z'?<, to peak evil of. 

AsHiTA, adv. To-morrow. 

AsHi-TAK.\-KUMO, «. A long-legged 

AsHi-TsuGi, n. A stepping-stool, or step- 

AsHi-YowA, n. Weak in the legs, slow 
of foot. 

AsHi-zoROYE, n. The feet in line. — de 
aruku., to walk with the feet in line, or 
to keep time in walking. 

AsoBASE,-rM,-^a, caust. of Asobi. To 
amuse, divert ; to cause, or let be with- 
out work, or idle. Ho-ko-nin wo aso- 
basete oku, to let a servant spend his 
time in idleness. 

AsoBASHi,-j?^,-^tf, t. V. To amuse, di- 
vert ; to let, or cause to be without 
work ; to do, make. = nasuru^ in this 
sense used only in speaking to honor- 
able persons. 

AsoBi,-bu,-nda, i. v. To sport, frolic ; 
to divert, or amuse one's self; to be 
without work, to be idle. A sonde ku- 
rasUy to live in idleness, or pleasure. 

AsoBi, n. Amusement, play, diversion, 
pleasure, sport, frolic ; play, or room 
for motion. — ottna., a prostitute. 

AssARi-TO, adv. Simple, plain, neat, 
chaste, unadorned ; delicate. 

AssHi,-jz/r«,-^«, t. V. To crush beneath, 
to fall on' and crush. Asserareru., to 
be crushed beneath anything. 

Asu, adv. To-morrow. — no asa., to- 

AsuKO, adv. Yonder, there. 

Ata, n. Harm, injury, hurt, mischief, 

ATABi,-r-«,-^d!., i. V. To commit mis- 
chief, to hurt, harm. 

Atafuta, adv. A great deal, plenty, 
abundant, enough. 

Atai, n. Price, value, worth. 

ATAKE,-r«,-^«, /. V. To vex, annoy, 

Atama, n. The head, the top, the high- 
est part, the first. — wo haru., to strike 
the head, to squeeze a certain percent- 
age from the wages (as a coolie mas- 

Atama-gachi, n. Large-headed, larger 
at the top than at the bottom. 

At.\ma-zeni, «. The money paid per 


head to government, poll-tax, or money 

paid for entering a theatre. 
Atara, a. Anything which one regrets 

to lose, to be regretted ; highly-prized, 

precious, valued. 
Atarashii,-/^/,-/^^, a. New, fresh, not 

stale. Atarashiku naru, to become 

Atari, n. Vicinity, neighborhood ; near 
in place, or in time ; about ; treatment, 

ATARi^-ru^-tta, i. v. To hit, strike 
against ; to touch ; to reach, attain to ; 
to turn out, or come to pass ; to suc- 
ceed, as by chance ; to happen, hit 
upon, fall upon by chance ; to agree 
with, conform to. Yoropa wa Ajia no 
nishi ni aiaru, Europe lies on the west 
of Asia. Hito tio ki ni — , to offend a 
person. Atsusa ni — , to be sunstruck, 
or, overcome by the heat, Tabonono 
za atatta, made sick by something he 
nas eaten. Shibai ga atatta, the thea- 
tre has turned out a success. Hi no 
ataru tokoro ni oku^ lay it in a sunny 
place. A no hito ni kuji ga atatta^ the 
lot has fallen upon him. 

Atari-hadzure, n. Hit and miss, suc- 
cess and failure. 

Atarimave, «. As it should be, right, 
proper, according to the law of nature, 
natural, of course ; usual, common, or- 
dinary. Midzu no shimo ye nagareru 
•wa — da, it is natural for water to flow 

Atatakai,-/&z,-.^?(!,-j,4z, a. Warm. Ha- 
ru ga — , the spring is warm. — kinto 
no, warm clothing. Atatakaku nam, 
to become warm. 

Atatakas.\, n. The degree or state of 

ATATAMARi,-r?<,-^/a, i. V. To be warm 
or become warm. 

ATATAME,-r«,-^«, t. V. To make wa;m. 
/// -wo taite hey a wo — , to make a fire 
and warm the room. 

Atau, or Ato. To be able, can. Ata- 
wadzu, not able, cannot, impossible. 
Ka7ni ni ataivazaru tokoro nashi, 
nothing is impossible to God. 

ATWE,-ru,-ta, t. v. To give, bestow. 

Ataye, n. A gift. Ten no — , the gift of 

ATK,-rt{,-ta, t. V. To hit, strike, touch ; 
to apply one thing to another, to put ; 
to direct towards, as an object ; to ap- 
portion, allot ; to guess. Kono naka ni 
am mono ivo atete mi-nasai, guess 
what is inside of this. Mi ni atete 
omoi-yaru, to feel for another as if it 


were one's self. Hitotsu dzutsu atete- 
yaru, give them one apiece. 

Ate. n. A block, or anything placed for 
a thing in motion to strike against ; a 
pad for protection against a blow or fric- 
tion ; a mark, target, object, aim ; a 
clew ; anything to look to, reply or de- 
pend on, security, pledge. — ni sunt, 
to use as a block, or object, to depend 
on. — ga hadzureru, that on which 
reliance was placed, has failed. — ga 
chigai, to fail of one object. — ate ni 
naranu, not to be depended on. ■ — ga 
nai, have no one to look to, or depend 

Atedo, n. Object, aim, clew. — nashi 
ni yuku, to go without any particular 

Atedzu, n. Opportunity, favorable or 
fortunate time. — ga hadzureta, have 
missed the opportunity. 

ArKG.\i,-au,-atta, t. v. To apply, place ; 
assign a portion or share ; to hand, to 
give, grant. Hitori inaye ni-ju dzutsu 
IVO — , to give twenty to each man. 

Ategai, n. The portion, or share al- 
lotted ; allowance, allotment. Ategai- 
btcchi, allowance of rice, or rations. 

ATEHAME,-r?<,-^rt, t. V. To appropriate, 
allot, apportion, assign ; to fit into ; to 

Ate-ji, «. A character used merely for 
its sound without regard to its mean- 

ATEKOSURi,-r«,-/'/a, /. V. To hint a re- 
buke, or censure ; to give an indirect 
hit, or cut. 

Atekosuri, n. A hint, rebuke, or cen- 
sure administered indirectly or by im- 

Ateme, n. An object, aim. 

Ate-n.^., n. The name of the person to 
whom a letter is addressed, the direc- 

ATE-OKONAi,-««,-fl^/a, t. V. To appor- 
tion, allot, grant. 

ATK-TSVKE.,-ru,-ta, t. v. To allude to, 
hint at, refer to indirectly, to insinuate. 
Hito ni ate-tsukcte mono luo in, to say 
anything intending it as a hit to an- 

Ato, n. The mark, or impression left by 
anything ; a track, trace, print, trail, 
scar, cicatrice ; that which remains, as, 
ruins, remains, vestige, relic ; that which 
comes after, succeeds, or follows. With 
7ii, de,ye, or kara, behind, after, after- 
wards, last, ago, backwards. — ivo 7no 
7nidzu shite tiigeru, to flee without 
looking behind. — luo tstigu, to suc- 
ceed another in estate, or business. Yo- 

ATO ] 

baiboshi ga — wo hiku^ a meteor leaves 
a train behind it. — ivo tateru^ to 
raise up the ruins of a family. — luo 
tsukeru^ to make a mark. — ye yoru, 
to move back. Hiio no — nitatsUy to 
stand behind another. — no tsuki^ last 
month. — ni ha?iashiia koto, that 
which was said before. Gozen no — de 
cha ivo nom7i, to drink tea after dinner. 
— kara yuku, to go after, or afterwards. 
Sa7i nen ato, three years ago. 

Ato-dachi, n. The person standing or 
walking behind another. 

Ato-getsu, n. Last month. 

Ato-givome, n. The ceremony of puri- 
fying a house after a death in the fam- 

Ato-hara, «, After-pains, (met.) after- 

Ato-kata, n, Mark, trace. Tori iva 
tonde — via nashi\ when a bird has 
flown it leaves no trace. 

Ato-mawari, 71. Going round or turning 
backwards, (as a wheel) ; to get behind- 
hand. — wo suru, to turn backwards, 
to go round about., a. A successor, or heir to an es- 
tate. — wo tsugu, to succeed to the 
place, or estate. 

Ato-saki, n. That which is before and 
behind ; the past, and the future ; an- 
tecedent, and consequence. 

Atoshiki, n. A successor, an heir. 

Ato-shizari, n. Going or moving back- 
wards ; shrinking back. 

Ato-tori, n. An heir, successor. 

Ato-tsugi, n. One who connects with, 
and continues the familj'-name and es- 
tate, an heir, or successor. 

Atsu. Hot ; thick, (used only in com- 

Atsu-gami, n. A kind of thick, coarse 

Atsu-gi, n. Thick, and warm cloth- 

ATSUi,-^/,-^«,->r^/, a. Hot. Yu ga — , the 
water is hot. Atsuku naru, to become 

ATsm,-ki,-ku,-shi, a. Thick from side 
to side, not thin ; great, liberal. Kawa 
ga — , the skin, bark, or rind is thick. 
A tsui hobi, a liberal reward. Pan wo 
atsuku kiru. 

Aisv^Ai, -au,-atta, t. v. To manage, ne- 
gotiate, to transact a matter between 
two parties, to mediate. 

Atsukai, n. Mediation, intervention, ne- 
gotiation, management. 

Atsckai-nin, n. A mediator, negotia- 

LKAMASHII, - ki, -ku, i 


2 AWA 

impertinent, shameless, bold, auda- 

Atsukawa-dzura, «. Thick-skinned face, 
brazen-faced, impudent. 

Atsuke, «. Cholera morbus. 

ATSU.MARi,-r«,-^^a, z. v. To be assem- 
bled, congregated, collected together. 

Atsumari, «. An assembly, congrega- 
tion, collection. 

ATSVMK,-ru,-(a, t. v. To assemble, con- 
gregate, to collect, convene, to gather. 
Hana ^uo — , to gather flowers. 

Atsurave,-^^,-/^, /. V. To order any- 
thing to be made, or purchased. Tsu- 
kuye wo daiku ni — , to order a desk 
of the carpenter. 

Atsurave, 71. An order for the making 
or buying of anything. — wo ukeru, 
to receive an order. 

Atsusa, 71. The degree of heat, tempe- 
rature. — 7ti 7nake7-u., to be overcome 
by the heat. 

Atsusa, n. Thickness. Kono ita no — 
wa go bu, this board is half an inch 

Atta, pret. ofAz, and of A ri. 

Attara, cont. of Atte araba, if there is, 
if you have. Vu ga — 7>iottekoi, if 
there is any hot water, bring it. 

Atte, pp. of A I, and A ri. A tte *7to na- 
kute 7H0 kamai-maseHy whether I have 
or not it makes no diflference. 

AwA, n. Millet. 

AwA, «. Froth, foam, bubbles. — wo 
yukii, to froth at the mouth. — ga 
tatsti, it bubbles, it foams. 

AwABi, n. The Haliotis tuberculata, or 
" sea-ear." 

Awa-gara, «. The shells, or bran of 

AwAKi,-y^7^,-j-^z, a. Having a delicate 
flavor, or nice taste, tasteless as water. 

Awa-mochi, n. Bread made of rice and 

Aware, «. Pity, compassion, tender- 
ness. — ni OTnO, to feel compassion. 

AwARE,-rM,-i'a, pass, or pot. of ai. Can 
meet. Dbshitara awareru da-rb ka. 

A\VAREMiy-7nu^-nda, t. v. To pity, com- 
passionate, to show mercy. Ware wo 
awaremi tamaye., have mercy upon 

Awaremi, n. Pity, compassion, mercy. 

AwARE-NA, a. Exciting pity or compas- 
sion, pitiful, miserable. 

Av.'ASE,-ru,-ta, t. -v. To join together, 
to unite ; to mix together, to compouna 
as medicine ; to make do, make suit, or 
answer the purpose. Ka7nisori wo — , 
to hone a razor. Kokoro wo — , to 
agree together. Chikara wo — , to 

AWA 13 

unite strength, or to do altogether. 
Choshi wo — , to tune, to make to agree 
or harmonize. 

AwASE, n. A garment of double thick- 
ness, or lined. 

AwASEDO, n. A hone, whetstone. 

AwASE-GUSURi, n. A medicine com- 
pounded of several ingredients. 

AwASAME, n. A joint, or seam where 
two things are united. 

A\VATADASHii,-/&z,--^M, a. Agitated, ex- 
cited, flurried. 

A\vATB,-ru,-ta, i. v. To be excited, agi- 
tated, flurried, alarmed. 

AwAYAKA, a. Delicate or mild in taste 
or flavor. 

Aya, n. Silk damask. 

Aya, n. Cat's-cradle, a puzzle made 
with a string looped over the fingers. 
— "WO torn, to play cat's cradle. 

Aya, n. A figure, or design of any kind 
wrought in cloth for ornament. — wo 
nastc^ to ornament with figures. 

AYABUMi,-;«/i!,-«^<f, /. V. To suspect 
danger, to be timid, to be fearful, sus- 
picious, to be dangerous. 

Ayadori, — ni^-ita, t. V. To form the fi- 
gures or designs on cloth while in the 
loom, which is done by working a frame 


from which s 

ngs go t 

ittached t 

; it also means, to 
hellish, ornament ; to work the strings 
of a puppet, or to play balls. 

AYAKARi,-rz<,-^i?«, t. V. To resemble, to 
be like. 

AYAMACHi,-^jz^,-//a, t. V. To commit a 
mistake, error, blunder, or fault ; to 
miss ; to offend against, transgress, or 
violate ; unintentionally to injure, hurt. 
Ayamatte aratamuru ni kabakaru 
koto nakare^ having committed a mis- 
take don't be backward to rectify it. 

Ayamachi, n. A mistake, error, fault, a 
wrong. — wo araiameru^ to rectify a 

AYAMARi,-r?^,-^^«, t. V, To miss, mis- 
take, err ; to offend against ; to ac- 
knowledge a fault, or mistake, to apolo- 
gize. Michi wo — , miss the way. Bu- 
rei wo — , to apologize for a rudeness. 

Ayamari, n. A mistake, error, fault, a 
wrong ; an apology, acknowledgment 
of an error. 

Ayame, n. The sweet flag, Calamus 

AYASHi,-j?<,-^a, t. V. To let out, cause 
to flow out. CM wo — , to let blood, to 

AYASHi,-f«,-^«, t. V. To play with or 
amuse a child. 

Ayashu,-/^?' ^kii^shi^ a. Strange, mar- 

vellous, wonderful ; suspicious, dubi- 
ous, doubtful. Ayashiku omo^ to con- 
sider strange, to feel suspicious of. 

AYASHiMi,-;««,-«£/a, t. V. To think 
strange, to wonder at, to marvel at, to 
suspect. Hito wo — , to suspect a per- 

Ayashimi, n. Wonder, surprise ; suspi- 
cion, doubt. 

Ayatsu, 7t, That scoundrel, that low 

AYATSURi,-r?<,-^^«, t. V. To play the 
strings of a puppet, to play several balls 
at the same time." 

A\AVi,-ki-k2i-ski, a. Dangerous, peril- 
ous, full of risk. — me ni atta, was in 
a dangerous predicament. Ayaukti nai^ 
it is not dangerous. 

AYE,-ru^-ta, t. V. To dress as a salad. 
AyemonOy a salad. 

Ayedzu, adv. Not daring ; without 
stopping, or waiting to perform the 
action of the verb with which it is con- 
nected, without finishing, as : Iki mo 
tsztki ayedzu., without waiting to take 
breath. Toru mono mo tori ayedzu., 
not stopping to take anything. 

A.\''E.G\^-g'u,-ida, i. V. To pant, to blow, 
as one out of breath. 

Ayen, n. Zinc. Ayen-kuwa^ flowers of 

Ayenai,-/^/,-,^?^,-jA/, a. Frail, feeble, 
transient, sad. 

Ay V Ml .,-mu.,-nda., i. v. To walk, to go 
on foot. 

Ayumi, n. Walking, going on foot. 

AYUMi-Ai,-«?<,-«2'i'rt, t. V. To split the 
diff"erence in price. 

Ayumi-ita, n. A board, or plank for 
walking on in order to enter a 

Aza, n. Maculae, dark or red spots on 
the skin, freckles. 

AzAKERi,-r«,-/a, t. V. To laugh at, ridi- 
cule, deride, to scoff, jeer. 

AzAKERi, n. Ridicule, derision. 

AzAMi, n. A thistle. 

Az.\MVKi,-ku,-ita., t. V. To deceive, im- 
pose on, to hoax, cheat, delude, to be- 
guile, defraud. 

AzAMUKi, n. Deception, imposition, 
guile, fraud. 

AzANA, n. The common name by which 
a person is called. 

AzANAYE,-r«, t. V. To twist, as a 

AzARASHi, n. The otter. 

AzARE,-r«,-i'«, t. V. To be spoiled, 
tainted, as fish or meat. 

AzAWARAi,-«z<,-/^a, t. 71. To laugh at in 
derision, scorn, or contempt. 


AzAYAKA-NA, a. Clear, bright, glossy, 
new or fresh in color ; pure, 

AzAVAKA-Ni, adv. Clearly, distinctly, 

AzE, «; The mound, or dyke that sepa- 
rates rice-fields. 



AzE, n. The reed of a loom through 

■ which the warp is passed. 
AzE-iTO, «. The strings of a reed used 

in weaving. 
AzE-NUNO, n. Frilled grass-cloth. 

Ba, n. A place, arena, room. Ba wo 
toru^ to occupy a place, take up room. 
Yoki-ba^ a good place. Kassetn-ba^ a 
field of battle. 

Ba, n. A numeral used in counting 
bundles, fowls, or birds. Maki sam 
ba^ three bundles of wood. 

Ba-ai, n. Place ; circumstance, case, 

Ba-ba, n. A place for practicing horse- 
manship or training horses ; arena, 
ground, field. 

Baba, n. Grandmother. Obaba san, 
{o baa san^ a polite name in speaking 
to an old woman. 

Bachi, n. A drumstick, the stick used 
in playing the guitar, or striking a gong, 
a plectrum. — ivo toru^ to use the 

Bachi, n. Punishment inflicted by hea- 
ven. Bachi ga ataru^ to be smitten of 

Bachi-men, «. The place on a guitar 
where it is played. 

Ba-darai, n. A horse-bason, or bason 
used in washing horses. 

Badzu, n. A horse's hoof; or the horny 
part of the hoof used for making imita- 
tion tortoise-shell ware. 

Ba-fun, n. Horse dung. 

Ba-GInu, n. A horse-blanket. 

Ba-gu, n. Articles necessary in using a 
horse, harness. 

Bagu-va, «. A harness-maker ; a sad- 

Bahan, «. Smuggling. Bahan siiru, to 
smuggle. Bahan w/«, a smuggler. Ba- 
han-7no7to^ smuggled goods. 

BAHARE,-r«,-/rt, i. V. To be public, be- 
fore the world, open. Baharete suru^ 
to do publicly. 

BahifO, n. Croup. 

Bai, n. A gag, put in the mouth to pre- 
vent speaking. — -wo fukumaseru^ to 


«. A horse doctor. 

Bai. Double, twice as much. Bai ni 
sum, to double. Bai ni naru^ to be 
doubled. Niso-bai^ twice as much. 
San-so-bai^ three times as much. 

B.\i-Ai,-o,-a//«, i. V. To snatch fi-om 

Bai-bai, n. Buying and selling, trade, 
traffic, commerce. Bai-bai suru, to 

Bai-boku, «. Fortune-telling, soothsay- 
ing. Bai boku suru, to tell fortunes. 
Baiboku sensei, a fortune-teller. 

Bai-doku, n. Syphilis. 

Bai-ken-j6, n. A written contract, ar- 
ticle of agreement, a deed of sale. 

Bai-mashi. Doubled in quantity. 

B.MSHAKU, n. A go-between, middle- 
man, a match-maker. 

Baita, n. A common prostitute who of- 
fers herself in the streets, a street- 
walker ; also a hired woman, a servant 
of the lowest grade. 

Bai-toku, n. Profit from trading. Bai- 
toku suru, to make money by selling. 

Bai-tori-Gachi, n. Scrambling for any- 
thing, to get all one can. 

Bai-vaku, (uri-gusuri^ A nostrum, 
quack, or patent medicine ; medicines 
kept for sale by a merchant. Baiyakti 
7Hise, a shop where quack medicines 
are sold. 

Baka, n. A fool, dunce, blockhead ; a 
kind of clam ; foolishness, nonsense. 
— ni suru, to hoax, make fun of, befool. 

Baka-bakashii,-/^/,-^?^, a. Like a fool, 
stupidly, foolish. 

Baka-bakashi, n. The music of a drum, 
fife, and cymbals performed on a dashi 
at a festival ; an orchestra. 

BAKAGE,-r«,-z'rt, i. V. To be foolish, 
silly, nonsensical. 

BAKARASHii,-/^z,-/t«, a. Foolish, like a 

Bakari, adv. Only ; about, in number, 
quantity, degree or time. Hitori ba- 
kari., only one person. 


BAKASARE,-r«,-/«, pass, of Bakasu. To 
be bewitched, deluded, fascinated, 
hoaxed, made a fool of. 

Bakashi,-^?/,-/'^, t. V. To cheat, de- 
lude, to bewitch, befool, hoax. 

BAKE,-r«,-^rt, /. V. To be transformed, 
metamorphosed, changed into another 
form, used generally of the fox, or cat. 
Neko baba ni bakeru. 

Bake, ti. Transformation, deception, 
fraud, imposition. 

Bake-.mono, n. An apparition, spectre, 
or something into which a fox or tad- 
ger has transformed itself in order to 
bewitch people. 

Bakenjo, (tuna wo tniru tokoro^ n. 
The stand from which to look at 
horses running. 

Bakkin, n. Fine, mulct, penalty in 

Bakkun, Pre-eminent, transcendent, sur- 
passing others. 

Baku, n. A tapir. 

Bakuchi, n. Gambling. Bakucht wo 
uisit., to gamble. 

Bakuchi-uchi, «. A gambler. 

Bakuchi-yado, n. A gambling house. 

Baklro, «. .a horse-jockey, dealer in 

Bakutai, a. The greatest quantity, 
very great, excessive. Bakutai ni^ 
adv. extremely. 

Baku-yeki, n. Gambling. — wo suru, 
to gamble, 

Bambi, n. The day on which one is on 
duty, watch, or guard. 

Ban, n. A block, checker-table. 

Ban, n. Evening, night. Kon-bdn^ this 
evening. Asa ban, morning and even- 
ing. Saku — , last night. Miyo — , 
to-morrow night. 

Ban, (yorodzu^) (also pronounced fnan.) 
Ten thousand, all. Ban-mttt, every 
body, all people. Ban tnotstc, all 
things. Ba7t po^ everj'^ where. Ban 
ban, ten thousand times ten thousand. 
Ban dai, all generations. Ban ji, 
every affair. Ban kokn, all nations. 
Ban tan, every particular. Ban zai, 
ten thousand years, forever. 

B.\N, n. A guard, watch, turn, duty ; 
the ordinal suffix to numbers. Ban wo 
sitru, to keep watch. Ichi-ban, num- 
ber one ; the first. Ichi-ban me, the 
first one. Ni-ban, the second. Iku- 
ban, or Nam-ban, what number? 

Ban-dai, n. A substitute in official, po- 
lice, or watch duty. 

Ban-date, n. In numerical order. Ban- 
date shite oku, place in numerical or- 



Bane, «. The spring of a wagon. 
Ban-gashira, n. A captain, or chief of 

a guard, or watch. 
Ban-gawari, n. Change of watch. 
Ban-gi, n. Two blocks of wood struck 

together by watchmen in going their 

rounds, or to give the alarm in fires. 
Ban-gov.\, n. A watch-box. 
E.YN-jAKU, n. A large rock, a bowlder. 
Ban-nin, {mamoru hito). A guard, 

watchman, a policeman, keeper. 
Ban-sagari, n. Going off duty, leaving 

one's watch. 
Ban-seki, n. A slate. 
Ban-sho. n. A guard house, watch 

house, police station. 
Bantaro, n. An inferior street watch- 

Banto, n. The chief clerk in a mercan- 
tile house, a commercial agent, factor. 

Ban-ya, n, A watch house. 

Bappai, «. The punishment inflicted on 
the losing party in a game, by making 
him drink a large quantity of sake. 

Bara, n. A small iron cash. 

Bara, n. A rose bush. Bara no hana^ 
a rose. 

Bara-bara, adz>. In a scattered manner ; 
in a dispersed, separated way. Also, 
the sound of the falling of things scat- 
tered, as the pattering of rain, of hail, 
etc. Atne ga — to /urn, there is a 
slight sprinkle of rain. 

Bara-maki, n. Sowing broadcast, 

Bara-sen, n. Loose money not strung 

Barari-to, adv. Same as Barabara. 
Barari-to kirzi, to cut in two. Bara- 
ri-to oku, to place separately. 

BARASHi,-j?<,-i'rt, t. V. To break to pieces, 
separate, disperse, or scatter, to render 
abortive or unsuccessful, to bring to 
naught, to cause to fail. 

BARE,-rK,-/'a, i. v. To fall to pieces, to 
be scattered, to be abortive, to fail ; be 
unsuccessful or ineffectual, to come to 

Baren, n, A longe fringe attached to a 

Ba-riki, n. Horse power. 

Basa, adv. Dry, not soft and pliable. 

'RASAKE,,-ru,-ta, t. V. To scatter about 
in confusion, to put in disorder, dis- 

Basa-tsuki,-/^7/,-?V«, i. V. Dry to the 
feel, not soft, moist or oily. 

Basen, 71. The back part of a saddle. 

Ba-sha, n. A wagon, carriage, any ve- 
hicle drawn by a horse. Ippiki-dachi 
— , a one horse carriage. Ni-hiki- 
dachi — , a two horse carriage. 

BAS l6 

Bashaku, n. An office where horses and 
coolies are hired, a livery stable. 

Ba-sho, n. A place. 

Basho, n. The banana, or plantain. 

Bashofu, «. A kind of cloth made of 
the bark of the plantain. 

BASSARE,-r«,-z'a, pass, of Batsu^ to be 
punished by heaven. 

Bassari-to, adv. The noise made by 
anything soft in falling, as a mat, book, 

Bassatsu, n. The accusation, or paper 
on which the crime of a person to be 
executed is written. 

Basseki, n. The lowest seat. 

Basshi, n. (siiye no ko.) The youngest 

BASSHi,-f«ra,-/a, t. V. To punish. 

Basson, 71. The latest descendant. 

Bata-bata, adv. The sound of the flap- 
ping of the wings of a bird, of the feet 
Tunning, or the sound of flat things 
striking, or falling in rapid succession. 

Batei, «. A horse s hoof. 

Batsu, n. The addenda or writing at the 
end of a book. 

Batsu, n. Punishment inflicted by hea- 

Batsu-GIN, n. A fine or penaltj- in 
money, damages, forfeit paid in mon- 

Batta, n. A grasshopper. 

Battari-to, adv. The same as Bata- 

Batto. Sudden opening out, or burst- 
ing into view. Hi iva batto tnoye- 
tatsji, the fire suddenly burst out. 

Bebe, n. A child's clothes, (children's 
language.) Bebe wo kiskeru., to dress 
a child. 

Beki,-/^«,-j/jz'. An auxiliary verb, hav- 
ing the sense of, would, should, shall, 
will. Itasubeki koto, s-thmgih^t should 
be done. Bekaradzu, neg. Must not, 
should not, 

Bekkaku, n. A different rule ; an excep- 
tion, not included in the rule, excluded, 

Bekke, {wakdre no iye,) n. A separate 
house or family, branch house, separ- 
ating from the family, and going to 
house-keeping for one's self, as a young- 
er son. 

Bekko, n. Tortoise-shell. 

Bem-ben, adv. Dilatory, procrastinating, 
tardy, slow. 

Bem-betsu. To discriminate, to dis- 

Bem-patsu, n. The Chinese cue. 

Bempei, n. Obstruction of either fecal 
or urinary discharge. Dai-bempeiy con- 


stipation of bowels. Shb-betnpei., re- 
tention of urine. 

Ben, n. The petals of a flower, divisions 
of an orange or melon. 

Ben. Fluent in talking, eloquent. 

Benchara, n. Witty, or clever at talk- 
ing, so as to dupe others. — no it hi to. 

Bendoku, n. A bubo. 

Beni, 71. Rouge. The saffron plant. 

Beni no hana.^ the saffron flower. Beni- 
sashi-yiibi. The ring-finger. Beni- 
zojne. Dyed in red. 

BENji,-rM, or dzuru.-ta., t. v. To dis- 
criminate, distinguish, to explain, to 
expound ; to do, transact. 

Bex-ketsu, n. Bloody discharge from 
the bowels. 

Ben-kivo, (tsutome.) Industrious, dili- 
gent, active. — stiru, to be industrious. 

Bex-ri. Convenient, commodious, 

adapted to use. Fu-benri., inconve- 

Bento, n. A small box for carrying 
boiled rice. 

Ben-zetsu, n. Fluent and clever at talk- 
ing, eloquent. 

Beppin, n. Anything especially fine in 

Beppuku, n. A different mother, but the 
same father, step-children. 

Berabo, n. A fool, an idler. 

Besoic^ku, n. The appearance of the 
face when about to cry. 

Besshi, (betsu no kaini^ n. Another 
paper, a different or separate sheet of 
paper, an enclosure, an accompanying 

Besshin, (betsu no kokoro.) Another, 
different or divided mind ; alienation 
of heart. Besshin nakic, with an undi- 
vided mind, without reserve. 

Besshite, adv. Especially, particular- 

Beta-beta, adv. Sticky, gluey, adhe- 
sive, glutinous, viscid. 

Beta-ichi-men, n. All over without in- 
tervals, completely, entireh'. 

BETATSUKi,--*z/,-/rt, t. V. To be sticky, 
adhesive, glutinous, to stick. 

Beto-beto, adv. Sticky, adhesive, glu- 

Betsu, (koka.) n. Separation, distinc- 
tion, diff'erence. — no, another, differ- 
ent, separate. — «?', separately. 

Betsu-betsu-ni, adv. Separately, apart, 

Betsu-dan. a different case, different 
affair, another matter ; diff'erent from 
others, separate, distinct ; special, ex- 
ceptional, particular. — ni, particularly, 


Betsu-ji, (fioka no koto). Something 

else, another or different thing. 
Betsu-j6. Different, special, unusual, 

Bettaku, {hoka no iye.) A separate or 
different house. — suru, to live in a 
house separate from the principal fam- 
Bettari-to, adv. Sticking fast to, ap- 
plied close against. — tusku, to stick 
fast to. 
Betto, n. A hostler, groom. 
Bi, {utsuksuhii. Beautiful, elegant, 
fine, nice, good, delicious, pleasant, ex- 
Bi, {chiisaki.) Small, little in size. 
BiBiRi,-r?<,-/a, /. V. To contract, shrink ; 

to become smaller. 
BiBiSHii,-/?-/,-/&2^,-i-/«z, a. Beautiful, hand- 
some, fine, splendid. 
BiCHi-BiCHi, adv. Springing, jerking, 

BiiDORO, n. Glass. 
Biji, n. Polypus of the nose. 
BijdGANE, n. A buckle. 
BiKKO, fi. Lame, a cripple. — wo kiku^ 

to walk lame. 
BiKKURi, adv. Startled, as by sudden 

alarm ; surprised, shocked. 
BiKU, n. A bonze, Buddhist mendicant. 
BiKU-BiKU. — surti, to start in alarm, or 

in sleep, to wince, to jerk as in a fit. 
BiKUNi, «. A nun, or Buddhist female 

BiKV--TSVKi,-ku,-ita, i. V. To start, jerk 

or wince involuntarily. 
Bimbo. Poor, destitute. 
Bin, n. The temples, the hair on the 
temples. — luo harii.^ to slap a person 
on the temple. 
Bin. 11. A phial, a small bottle. 

Opportunity, convenient time or 
Go-hill., a future opportunity. 
Ko-bin., a fortunate opportunity. 
BiNGi, n. Opportunity, convenient way 

or time ; message, tidings, word. 
BiNRoji, n. The betel-nut. 
BiN-SASHi, n. A hair-pin. 
BiN-TSUKE, n. Pomatum, or ointment 

for the hair. 
BiRA, n. A handbill, placard, or notice 

posted up. 
BiRA-BiRA, adv. With a waving, flutter- 
ing motion. Hata ga — ugokii. 
BiRAN. — sttrti, to be red and sore, in- 
BiRA-TSUKi,-/&?/,-zVa, i. V. To wave and 

flutter, as a flag in the wind. 
BiRi-BiRi, adv. Like the sound of any- 
thing dry tearing or cracking open ; a 
smarting, griping, or pricking pain ; 




chapped, cracked, split. — to "wareru, 

BiRiTSL'KU,-/4-«,-zVrt, /. V. To smart, 
prick, gripe ; to be tangled as a thread. 

Biro, (oka). Indecent, indelicate, some- 
thing of which one is ashamed to speak. 
— nagara^ excuse the indelicacy. 

Birodo, n. Velvet. 

Bi-sai, adv. Minutely, particularly. 

BiTA, n. An iron cash. 

Biwa, n. A lute with four strings. — 
^vo hiku. 

BiWA, n. The loquat. 

BiwABON, n. Pandean pipes, a sj^rinx. 

BiWA-HoSHi, n. A strolling player on the 

BiwA-ucHi, «. A player on the lute. 

BiVAKU-DAN, n. Sandalwood. 

BiVAKURo, n. White wax. 

BiYAKURo, n. Pewter. 

Blvd. n. A tack, a small nail with a large 

Bivo-BU, n. A folding screen. — zjjO, 

a pair of screens. — hanzo, one screen. 
Bivo-CHiu. While sick, during sickness. 
Bivo-Do. Even and equal, just and equal. 

— ni kubarn^ to distribute equally. 
BiYo-iN, n. A hospital, infirmary. 
BiYo-Ki, {yamai)., n. Sickness, disease. 
BiYo-NAN, n. Calamity, or affliction from 

BiYo-NiN, n. A sick person, a patient. 

BiYo-SHiN, n. Sickly, an invalid. 

Bo, n. A pole, a club, stick, bludgeon ; 
a blow with a stick. — tsukau., to 
fence with a pole. Saki-bo, the fore- 
most man, where two are carrying with 
the same pole. Ato-Ln^ the hindmost 
man. — %vo kiku., to draw aline across, 
to erase. 

Bo. A child under five years. 

Bo-AKU, {takeshiki nkii). Fierce and 
wicked, atrociously wicked. 

Bo-BURA, n. A pumpkin. 

Bo-CHiKU, n. Chinese fire-crackers. 

BoDZU, n. A bonze or Buddhist priest; 
one whose head is shaven. 

Bo-FU, {arakaze). A violent wind, a 
tempest, hurricane. 

BoFURi-MUSHi, n. The animalculse found 
in stagnant water. 

Bo-GASHiRA, n. The headman of chair 

Bo-GETSU, {tnockidzukt), n. The full 

Bo-GiYAKU. Violent, and _ rebellious 
against master or parent, traitor. 

Bo-GUI, n. Posts erected to mark a boun- 
dary, a sign-post. — wo utsu., to set 
up boundary posts. 

Bo-GUMi, n. Chair-bearer's guild. 




Bo-HAN, n. A forged seal, forgery. — 
surtiy to forge a seal. 

Boi, n. Violent, cruel, fierce. 

Bo-jAKU-BU-jix. Without fear, shame, 
or respect for others. 

Bo-jiTSU. n. The 15th day of the month, 
when the moon is full. 

BoKASHi,-j«,-/ii, t. V. To gradually light- 
en, from a deep to a lighter color, to 
leave plain, unshaded. 

BoKE, n. The Pirus Japonica. 

B6KE,-r?<,-^a, i. v. To fade, to be shaded 
from a deeper to a light color ; to de- 
generate, to decay, to become childish 
from age. 

BoKE-BOKE-TO, adv. Stupid, silly, child- 

BoKi-BOKi-TO, adv. The sound of crack- 
ing the fingers, or breaking a radish. 
Yubi wo — oru., to crack the fingers. 

Boko, «. (med.) The bladder. 

BoKoN, n. A ghost, the spirit of one 

BoKU, n. A servant ; also in speaking 
humbly of one's self, your servant, I. 

BoKL', \ki). Wood, wooden. — seki^ 
wood and stone. — ^6, a wooden 

BoKU-Ri, igeta)^ n. A kind of wooden 
clogs used in wet weather. 

BoKt -SHA, {uranai-ja)^ n. A fortune- 

BoKLSHi,-j7<,-2fa, t. V. To tell fortunes, to 
soothsay, prognosticate. 

BoKU-ZEi, «. Bamboo-rods used by for- 
tune-tellers, divination. 

BoM-BORi, n. A candle or lamp-shade 
made of paper. 

BoM-BU, {tada no hito), n. A man, hu- 
man being, an ignorant person, an or- 
dinary man. 

BoM-.MATSURi, n. The Feast of Lanterns, 
on the 13th, 14th, and 15th of the 7th 

Bon. n. A wooden tray, a waiter. 

Bon, n. Tae Feast of Lanterns. 

BoN-DEN, n. A festival celebrated to pro- 
pitiate evil spirits. 

BoN-GO, n. The sacred language of the 
Buddhists, the Sanscrit. 

BoN-ji, n. The sacred written character 
used by the Buddhists, Sanscrit letters. 

BoN-NiN, n. A human being, a common 
person, an ordinary man in talent or 

BoN-No, n. Lusts, cares, passions, and 
desires of this world, (Bud.) 

BoN-NO-KUBO, n. The hollow on the back 
of the neck. 

BoNYARi, adv. Dim, obscure, cloudy, 

BoN-zoKU. The common herd, the laity. 

Bora, n. The name of a fish. 

BoRE,-r«,-^rt, /. V. To be old and child- 
ish, decrepit. 

BoREi, n. Lime made by burning shells, 

BoRi-BORi-TO, adv. The sound of 
craunching, or crushing any hard sub- 
stance with the teeth. 

Bo-RiVAKU, «. An artifice, trick, strata- 

BoRO, 71. Rags. 

BoRO-BORO-TO, adv. In a crumbling or 
ragged manner. 

BoROKE,-r«,-/'rt, /. V. To be old and de- 
crepit ; to be ragged. 

BoRO-TSUCHi, n. Loose, crumbling earth, 

BoSAKi, n. Squeeze-money, or pecentage, 
charged by a servant on purchases made 
for his master, blackmail. 

Bo-SATo, 71. Loaf-sugar. 

BosATSU, n. A class of Buddhas who are 
not yet perfected by entrance into Nir- 

BosHi, n. A cap or bonnet worn by old 
men or priests, also a white cap made of 
raw cotton, worn bj' the bride at her 
wedding, and by the women at funerals, 

Bo-SHO, 71. A forged letter or writing. 

BossuRU, i. V. To die, end, perish. 

BoTA-MOCHi, n. A kind of cake made of 
rice dusted over with sugar. 

BOTAN, 71. The peony. Peonia Mou- 

BoTAN, n. A button. 

BoTAN-KiYO, n. A kind of plum. 

BoTEFCRi, n. A hawker, a pedlar. 

BoTSU-BOTSU, adv. Little by little, slow- 
ly, doing a little at a time, 

BoTSU-DEKi, 71. Drowned. 

Bo-TSUKAi, n. A pedlar of quack medi- 
cines, who, to attract buj'ers, exhibits 
his skill in the use of the club. 

BoTSU-RAKU, Ruined, failed, fallen or 
broken in fortune, bankrupt. 

EoTT :ri-to, adv. Fleshy, corpulent. 

BoTTO, adi<. Dull, dim, obscure, stupid, 
flat, lifeless or sluggish in manner. 

BoTTORi, adv. In a soft, quiet, or silent 
manner, or like anything soft and wet 

Bo-VA, n. A child, baby. 

BovAKASHi,-XM,-^a, t. v. To make ob- 
scure, or unintelligible ; to confuse. 

BoYAKE,-r7^,-^<i, i. V. To liquify, to run 
or be reduced to a thin state ; to deli- 
quesce, to be tangled and confused. 

BoYAKU. Grumbling, complaining, or 
murmuring with discontent. 

Bo-ZEN, adv. Stupified, thunderstruck, 
astounded, aghast. 

BO, ft. Hot water used for drinking. 



Bu, n. Military. — wo _ arasd^ to dis- 
pute about military affairs. 

Bu, w. A part, fraction, the tenth of an 
inch, a minute, the fourth part of a 
r/jv^, one per cent, in interest. Ichi — , 
one part. Satu — zchi, one-third. Hi- 
yakii — ichi. one hundredth part. Is- 
sun go — , one inch and a half. Sdnji 
go bUy five minutes past three. 

Bu. A classifier for a class, set, or 
kind ; head or subdivision, section. 

Bu. A syllable of negation. No, not, 
is not ; only used in composition. 

Bu-Ai, (risoku,), n. Interest on money, 

Bu-AISATSU. Answering rudely, or ill- 

Bu-Ais6, n. Ill-treatment, .uncivil, un- 

Bu-ASHiRAi-NA, «. Rude, uncourteous, or 
uncivil in treatment of others. 

Bu-BARi.-T-^^.-^/a, 2. V. To display, or 
show •ff one's military accomplish- 

Bu-Bi, n. Military preparations. 

Bu-BIKI, n. Small reduction in price. 

Bu-BUN, n. A part, a portion. 

BucHi, n. Piebald. — ?<;««, a piebald 

BucHi,-^j?^,-/'2'«, t. V. To strike, beat, hit, 
knock, whip. Buc/ii-akeru^ to knock 
or beat open ; to empty out, as a bag, 
box. Bucki-ateru, to shoot at and hit. 
Biichi-dasUy lo knock or beat out. Bii- 
chi-katsu^ to v/in, or overcome in a 
fight. Buchi-kojnu^ to drive into, to 
hammer in. Buchi-koivasu^ to break 
down by beating^ beat to pieces. Bu- 
chi-korosu., to beat to death. Buchi- 
kiidakUy to beat into pieces. Buchi- 
7nakerUy to empty and scatter, as water, 
or grain from a bag, dash and scatter 
about ; to be beaten. Buchi-nuku^ to 
drive or hammer one thing through 
another. BiicJii-shiineyu^ to strike and 
kill, as a rat, snake ; to seize and bind, 
as a thief. Biic/ii-taosu, to knock down 
anything standing. Buchi-tatakii^ to 
fight, box. Btichi-tojnerit ^ to shoot 
and kill anything in motion. Biiclii- 
tsukerUy to hit against, to hammer fast, 
to nail fast. Bucki-yaburu^ to tear, or 
break by beating. 

Bu-ch6-h6. Ignorant, awkward, clum- 
sy, bungling, inexperienced, stupid, fool- 
ish, bad. 

Budo, «. Grapes. — <f2?<r?^, grape-vine. 
— shUy grape-wine. 

Bu-d6, (vtichi nashi.') Devoid of 
principle, impious, vicious, unreason- 

Bu-d6, (« 

lichi^ 71. Military 

Bu-GAKU, n. Pantomime, or dancing and 

Bu-GEi, n. The military arts, or accom- 
plishments of a soldier. 

Bu-GEN. Rich, wealthy. Bu-gen-sha^ 
a rich man. 

Bu-GIN, «. Percentage, or profit from 
exchange or trade. 

Bu-GiYo, n. A superintendent, a gover- 
nor, chief. — sko, superintendent's 

Bu-GU, n. Military arms and accoutre- 

BuGU-GURA. n. An arsenal. 

Bu-i, {kaivarti koto fiashi.) Without 
anything strange, or unusual ; without 
accident ; safely. 

Bu-iKi-NA, a. Clownish, vulgar, coarse, 
ungenteel, unrefined. 

Bu-iKU, {sodateru.) To bring up, to 
support, nourish. 

Bu-IN, {tayori ga nai.) No letter, no 
word, no communication. 

Bu-ji, {fiani goto mo Tiai.) Without 
accident, without anything unusual 
occurring, safe, free from trouble. 

Bu-jUTSU, «. Military art, or tactics. 

Bu-KE, {saijturai^ «. The military class, 
or gentry. 

Bu-Ki, {samurai no utsuwa^) n. Mili- 
tary arms. 

BuKi-GURA, n. An arsenal, a place where 
arms are kept. 

Bu-kiriy6. Homely, ugly, not hand- 

Bu-ki-y6. Of no ability, talent or in- 
genuity, not clever, awkward, unskilful, 
slow at learning. 

BuKKE, n. Buddhists, believers in Budd- 

BuKKi, {hotoke no titsuwa^ n. Utensils 
used in the worship of Buddha. 

BuKKiRABo, n. Abrupt, short, terse, curt 
or petulant in language, plain. 

BuKKiYo, «. The sacred books of the 

Bu-KO, n. An armory. 

Bu-k6, «. Military services worthy of 
praise ; great military deeds or merit. 

Bu-KOTSU. Rude, coarse, clownish, 

BuKU-AKE, a. The end of the period of 

BuKURiYO, n. The name of a medicine, 
the Pachyma. 

BuKUYE, n. The period in which a per- 
son, after the death of a relative, is un- 

Bu-KUWAN, n. A military office or officer. 

BU 2 

Bu-MA. Awkward, acting out of time 
and place, blundering. 

BuM-BU, n. Literature and niilitary art. 

Bu-MEi, n. Military fame. 

Bi;m-pa, (Tvakare no nagare^ n. Branch, 

Bum-pitsu, n. Literature and penman- 

Bum-p6, n. Rules of composition, style 
writing, rules of grammar. 

Bun, {futni^ n. Writing, letters, com- 
position, literature. 

Bun, {wakacki,) n. A part, portion, 
division, share ; duty, station in life, 
circumstances ; ability. Oya-bun^ the 
part of a parent. 

Bu-NAN, {nayatni nctski.) Free from 
trouble, without accident or harm, 

BuN-BUN-Ni, adv. Divided into portions 
or shares, separately, apart, asunder. 
Bun-bun ni sitrzi, to apportion out, to 
divide into shares. 

BuN-CHiN, n. A paper-weight. 

BuN-Do, {/u7ni no tnicki^ n. Literature, 

BuNDORi, n. Seizing the spoil of the 
vanquished. — sum., to seize the spoil, 
to loot. — mono., spoils, loot, plunder. 

Bu-NEN. Unmindful, heediess, inat- 
tentive, forgetful. 

Bun-gen, n. Condition, place, social 
position, circumstances, station in life. 
— ska., a rich man. 

BuN-KE, n. Leaving the paternal home 
to set up house for one's self, as a 
younger son. 

BuN-KEN. Surveying, or measuring 
the height, or distance. 

Bun-ken-dogu, «. Surveying instru- 

BuN-KEN-VEDZU, «. The chart of a sur- 

Bun-ko, n. A library, or box for keeping 
books in. 

BuN-KUWAN, n. A civil officer. 

Bun-maw ASHi, n. A pair of dividers, or 

Bun-men, {fumi no omote:) n. A letter, 
document, dispatch. 

Bun-mochi, n. Dividing a load into two 
parts and suspending each on the ends 
of a pole across the shoulder. 

Bun-ri, {uiakare hanareru^ n. Analysis, 
assay. — suru^ to separate, to sunder, 
to analyze, assay. 

Bun-kiyo, {inekata^ n. Weight, pro- 
portion, quantity. 

BuN-SAN, (wakare chiru.) To break 
up and scatter, as a family from poverty 
or bankruptcy, bankruptcy. 


Bun-seki, ?<. Analysis, assay. — j«r«, 
to analyze, to assay. 

BuN-SHo, {/icmi,) n. A writing, compo- 
sition, document. 

BuN-TSU. — Jw^M, communicate by let- 

BuNVARi, n. A sling for throwing stones. 

BuN-ZAi, n. Condition, place, or social 

Buppo, n. Buddhism. — ni iru, to be- 
come a Buddhist. 

BuRA-BURA-TO, adv. In a swinging, or 
dangling way, idly, without object, va- 
cantly. Bura-bura yainai, a chronic 
state of ill-health, neither sick nor 

Buranket, n. A blanket. 

BuRANKO, n. A swing. 

Dangling, _ _ 
d swinging to and fro ; idly, 
an idler, a loafer. 

BuRATsUi<i,-/^«,-zVa, i. v. To be idle, to 
be without object or emploj^ent. 

Bu-REi, n. Rude, impolite, vulgar, de- 
void of good manners. — na yatsu., a 
vulgar fellow. 

BuRi, (same as /uri^ adv. During, time 
since ; manner, deportment. Mika- 
btcri., for three days' use. Hisashi-bu- 
ri nite Yokohama ye kimashita., I 
have not been to Yokohama for a long 

Bl'RIKI, n. Plates of tinned iron ; tin- 

BuRU-BURU, adv. Trembling. Samickute 
— furuyeru., to tremble with cold. 

Bu-RUi, n. Genera and species, class. 

Bu-sa-h6. Impolite, rude, ill-man- 

Bu-SAiKU, n. Bad workmanship, badly 
made, unskilful. 

Bu-SATA, (otodzure nas/ti.) Remiss- 
ness in visiting, writing, sending word 
or inquiry. 

Bu-SEI, {okotaru^ n. Without exertion 
or effort ; idle, lazy, not diligent, neg- 

Bu-SHi, {samurai,) n. Belonging to the 
military class ; a soldier, cavalier. 

Bu-shin-jin, n. Infidelity, unbelief, not 
devout, irreligious. 

Bu-shitsuke, a. Rude, impolite, vulgar. 

Bu-sho. Spiritless, idle, laz^, loafing, 

s, lazy, 
10., a fo 

loafer, lazy 

Bu-SHUBi. Out of favor, disgraced, 

Bu-s6, {narabi naski.) Without an 

equal or match, unequalled. 
BussHi, (hoioke tsuktiri^ n. A maker 

of Buddhist idols. 


Busso, n. Commotion, tumult or dis- 
turbance ; dangerous. 

Bu-sO, n. The area or solid contents of 

BuTA, 71. A hog, pig. — no nikUy 

BuT.\-BUTA-TO, adv. Fat, corpulent. 

Bu-TAi, w. The stage of a theatre. 

BuTARE,-r«^,-^a, pass, or pot. of Buchi. 
To be struck, hit, or beaten. 

BuTCHODZURA, n. A face like a Buddhist 
idol, a morose, surly countenance. 

BuTSU, (JiotokeSy n. The supreme being 
of the Buddhists, Buddha, or Shaka. 
Butsu-bachi^ punishment inflicted by 
Buddha. Biitsii-dan., the altar on 
which the family idol is placed. Bu~ 
tsudo. Buddhism. Butsu-gti^ «., 
the furniture used in the worship 
of Buddha. Butsu-ji^ worship, 

or religious ceremonies performed 
for the dead. Butsu-ji^ a Buddhist 



temple. Butsu-ma, the room in which 
the idol is kept, and where religious 
services are performed ; a chapel-room. 
Butsii-ye^ clothes worn by Buddhist 
priests. Butsu-ye, pictures of Buddha. 
Butsu-zo^ image or idol of Buddha. 

BuTSU, (i}tofto). 71. A thing. Bainbutsu^ 
all things. Ichi — , one thing. 

BuTSU-BL'TSU-TO, rto??'. The noise of wa- 
ter boiling, bursting of bubbles, grum- 

Bu-w.\KE, n. Divided into classes, ar- 
ranged in classes. — njo suru.^ to clas- 

Bu-YAKU, «. Public service rendered by 
the lower classes to government. 

Bu-VENRiYO. Without diffidence, with- 
out backwardness, or restraint ; for- 
ward, bold, pert, impudent. 

Bu-v6-jiN'. Careless, heedless, negligent, 
unmindful, improvident. 

Bb'vu, or BuTO, n. A gnat. 


Cha, n. Tea- — ivo senjiru^ to boil 
tea. Cha-bakoy a tea-chest. Chti- 
bun, a waiter in a restaurant, or tea- 
house. Cha-hatake^ a tea plantation. 
Cha-bento^ a portable chest with draw- 
ers and furnace for preparing tea when 
on a journey. Cka-bin., a tea-pot. 
Cha-bishaku, a tea-ladle. Cha-bdkt\ a 
feather brush, used in sweeping up tea 
when grinding it in a mill. Cha-bon., a 
tea-tray. Cha-bukuro., a small hemp- 
en bag, used for holding the tea in boil- 
ing it. Cha-dai^ a wooden stand for a 
tea-cup. Cha-dans2i, a cupboard for 
keeping tea and tea-utensils. Cha-da- 
shi^ a teapot for pouring out tea. Cha- 
dogtt, vessels and utensils used in mak- 
ing tea. Cha-dzuke^ a food made by 
mixing boiled rice in tea. Cha-gara^ 
tea grounds. Cha-gama^ a pot for 
boiling tea. Cha-gniuashiy fruit, or 
sweetmeats eaten with tea. C/ia-hoj;\ 
a vessel for heating tea leaves before 
drawing. Cha-ire, a. tea caddy. C/ta- 
zVz, a pan for firing tea. C/ta-iro, tea 
color. Cha-jin^ a master in the art of 
preparing powdered tea; an eccentric 
person. Cka-kasu., tea grounds. Cha- 
ki^ utensils for preparing powdered tea. 
Cha-kin^ a tea-towel, or napkin. Cha- 

koshi., a tea-strainer. Cha-meshi., rice 
boiled in tea. Cha-ynise^ a tea-house. 
Cha-no-/u^ a tea price currrent. Cha- 
7ioko., cake, sweetmeats, or an>[thing 
eaten with tea. Cha-Tw-ma^ a dining- 
room, tea room. Cha-7io-yu, a tea- 
party. Cha-shaku., a tea-spoon, or 
ladle. Cha-seki^ a tea-party. Cha- 
sen., a tea-stirrer. C/ia-s/it\ a tea grow- 
er. C/taskzbu, the deposit from tea on 
an old tea cup. Cha-shitsiCy a tea 
room, or room for making tea. Cha- 
tei, a small building separate from the 
house for tea parties. Cha-to, offerings 
of tea made to idols. Cha-tsubo^ a tea 
jar. Cha-tsiimi., a person who gathers 
tea leaves from the tree. Cha-usu^ a 
tea-mill, for pulverizing tea. Cka-zuaUy 
a tea-cup. Cha-yeti^ a tea garden, or 
plantation. Cka-zotne,, dyed of a tea 

Chabo, 71. A bantam fowl. 

CHAKASHi,-j7/,-i'«, t. V. To hoax, to be- 
fool, to trick, to impose on. 

Chaku. Arrival, coming ; wearing, or 
putting on clothes. Chaku-gati., com- 
ing to shore, landing. Chaku-sen, 
arrival of a ship. Ckaku-tsu., arrival in 
port. Chaku-yb^ putting on clothes. 
Chaku-za^ taking a seat. 

CHA 2 

Chaku-nan, n. The eldest son. 

Chaku-shi, n. The eldest son, the heir. 

Chaku-t6. Arrival, coming. — suru^ 
to arrive, reach, come. 

Cha-mame, n. A kind of confectionery 
made of beans coated with sugar. 

Chan, «. Tar, resin. 

Chan-to, adv. Well, proper, correctly, 
straight, right, perfectly, completely, 

Chan, n. Father, used only by the low- 
er classes. 

Chappo, «. The cloth worn round the 
loins by women. 

Charu.mera, n. A trumpet, bugle. — 
fuki^ a trumpeter. 

Chatto, adv. Quickly, instantly ; well, 

Chava, n. A tea-store, tea-house. — 
dairz\ a frequenter of tea houses. 

Chi, (sen.) A thousand. — iose, a thou- 
sand years. — iadi\ a thousand times. 

Chi, n. A loop. — wo tsukeru., to fas- 
ten a loop to anything. 

Chi, 71. The earth, a place or region of 
country, the blank space at the foot of 
a page. Z'^/? —, heaven and earth. 

Chi, n. Blood. — ivo toru, to take 
blood, to bleed. Chi-baskiri, to 
bleed, to run with blood. Chi-darake., 
smeared with blood. Chi-burui., the 
shivering of lying-in women, the cold 
stage of milk-fever. — ga deru, it 

Chi, n. Wise, shrewd, clever ; knowl- 
edge, intellect. — no naki hito^ a stu- 
pid person. Mu — , ignorant. 

Chi-banare, «. Weaning. — wo suru^ 
to wean. 

Chibi-chibi, adv. Little by little, a lit- 
tle at a time, in small quantities, in 

CHiBi,-r«,-^a, i. V. To waste away little 
by little, wear away, grow less and less. 
Chibi-fude., a pencil the point of which 
has been worn oflf. 

Chi-busa, n. The nipple of the breasts. 

Chi-chi, n. Father. — haha., father 
and mother. — kata., relations on the 
father's side. 

Chi-chi, w. Milk; the breasts. — wo 
amasu, to throw up milk (as an infant). 
— zvo 7iotnaseru., to give suck. — wo 
shiboru^ to milk. 

Chi-chi, — suru., to be tardy, slow, to pro- 
Chi-chiu-kai, n. The Mediterranean 

Chidori, n. A snipe. 
CuiGAi, -au.,-afia, i. v. To be different, 
to mistake, to miss. Doko 710 kuni de- 

— , to miss ; 
in passing, 
step. Ho7t, 

•to 710 kokoro chi'i 

going. Sure — , to graze 

Sure — , t 


— , to make a fabe 
, the bone is out of 

Chigai, 71. Difference, mistake. — wa 
nai., there is no difference. 

Chigai-dana, n. A shelf, one half of 
which is on a different plane from the 

Chigi, (Iiakari^) «. A weighing beam, 
steelyard ; also a v/edge let into a 
board to prevent it from cracking. 

CHiGiRE,-rM,-2'iZ, I. V. Tob-; torn. 

Chigire-ch IGIRE, a^z/. Scattered, bro- 
ken, torn. 

CHiGiRi,-r«,-^^«, t. V. To tear, to pluck 

Chigiri, n. An alliance, relation, con- 
nexion ; a union, compact, agreement. 
— wo 77tusubu, to make an alliance. 

CuiGim,-ru,-tta, i. v. To form an alli- 
ance, have fellowship with, make a com- 

Chi-giyo, n. The estate of a lord or 

Chi-han-ji, n. The chief magistrate or 
superintendent of a ha7i or clan. 

Chi-hatsu, {ka7ni wo soru^ w. Ton- 
sure, shaving the head, entering the 

Chiisai,-,^/,-^/^/, a. Small, little, minute; 
trifling, of small importance. Chiisaku 
narti^ to become small. — sum., to 
make small. 

Chi-ji, 71, The chief magistrate or gov- 
ernor of a .^^w or ^rt«. 

CHijiK.\MARi,-r«,-/^rt, z. V. To shrink, 
to contract, to shrug up. 

CHijiMARi,-r?<,-^/a, i. V. To shrink, con- ' 
tract, diminish in size, shrug up, to be 
corrugated, to shorten. 

CuijiuK.-ru.-ta, t. v. To cause to con- 
tract, shrink, lessen in bulk, to corru- 
gate, wrinkle, to shorten. l7iochi wo 
— , to shorten life. 

CHijiMi,-;«?/,-«rfa, i. V. To be contract- 
ed, shrunk, corrugated, shortened. 

Chijimi, 71. A kind of corrugated cloth. 

CHijiRE,-r?^,-/rt;, i. V. To be curled, 
frizzled, corrugated, wrinkled. Chiji- 
reke^ curly hair. 

Chijoku, {haj2\) 7t, Ashamed, shame. — 
1U0 toru^ to feel ashamed. 

CHiKA-DzrKE,-r«,-/^j, t. V. To bring 
near, cause to approach, cause to asso- 
ciate with. 

CHiKA-DzuKi,-,^?/,-?Vrt, /. V. To come or 
draw near, approach, associate with. 

Chika-dzuki, w. An anquaintance, com- 
panion, friend. 


Chika-gatsuye, Hungry, craving food. 

Chika-goko, adv. Lately, recently ; 
very, very much, exceedingly. 

Chikai,-.^z,-/^?<,-j/z/, «. Near, not far; 
familiar, easy, alike, about. Chikaku 
suruy to bring near. 

Chikai, n. An oath. 

Q.\i\viK\.-au-attay i. v. To take an oath, 
to swear. 

Chika-jika, adv. Soon, shortly, in a 
short time, before long. 

Chikaku, {pboye)., n. Feeling, sensation, 

Chikame, n. Near-sighted. 

Chikara, n. Strength, ability, power. 
Kane luo chikara ni sum., to rely on 
money. — ivo tanojiii to shite, de- 
pending on his strength. — ivo tsu- 
keru., to encourage. 

Chikara-dake, n. A bamboo carried by 
coolies to support a burden while resting. 

Chikara-gane, n. A buckle. 

Chikara-gawa, n. A stirrup-leather. 

Chikara-GE, n. The long hairs on the 
arms, breast, and legs, supposed to in- 
dicate strength. 

Chikara-gi, n. A weaver's beam. 

Chickara-kobu, n. The lump made on 
the arm above the elbow by the con- 
traction of the Biceps-flexor muscle. 

Chikara-mochi, n. Persons who exhibit 
their strength by lifting heavy weights. 

CHiKA-voRi,-r?^,-//rt, i. V. To approach, 
come, or draw near. 

Chi-kemuri, n. The vapor of blood. 

Chi-ken-ji, n. The chief magistrate of a 

Chiki, n. An acquaintance, friend. 

Chikiri, n. A weaver's beam. 

Chikiri-jime, «. A piece of wood let in-, 
to two boards to bind them together, a 
wooden clamp. 

Chi-kiu, n. A terrestrial-globe, the 

Chi-kiyo, «. An isthmus. 

Chi-kiyodai, ft. A foster-brother. 

Chikkuri, adv. A little, in time, degree, 
or space. 

Chiko, «, A person of small stature, a 

Chiku, n. A lie, falsehood. 

Chiku-ba, n. A bamboo horse. Chiku- 
ba no tome, a play-fellow. 

Chi-KUBI, 7t. The nipples. 

Chiku-chiku, adv. Pricking, sticking. 
— suru., to prick, stick. 

Chikudari, igeketszi,) n. A bloody flux. 

Chikufujin, n. A flea trap, made of 
split bamboo. 

Chiku-ichi, adv. Minutely, particularly, 
each and every one. 



Chiku-shi, n. A very thin kind of paper 
made of bamboo. 

Chiku-sho, n. A beast, brute, amimal. 

Chiku-ten, — suru., to abscond, to run 
or flee away. 

Chiku-z6-jutsu, n. Architecture. 

Chiku-z6-k.^, n. An architect. 

Chimaki, n. A kind of rice cake. 

Chi-mamire, Smeared with blood. 

Chimata, n. The forks, of a road ; a 
town, a place. Kassen no — , a field of 

Chi-mayoi, n. Faintness from loss of 

Chimba, Lame. Kata — , lame in one leg. 

Chim-biki, 71. Spinning cotton thread by 
the job. 

Chi.m-butsu, {medzuraski mono^) n. A 
rare thing, unusual and excellent. 

Chimmari, adv. Abridged, condensed, 
reduced in size, in miniature. 

Chim-mochi, n. Carrying goods or bur- 
dens of any kind by the job. 

Chimpi, n. Dried orange peel. 

Chimpo, n. The male member. 

Chin, n. A small pet dog. 

Chin, w. Hire, fare, wages. Tana-chin., 
house rent. Funa-chin., boat hire, or 
freight. Teina-chin., price of labor. 
Da-chin, fare for transporting on horse 
back. Un-chin, freight, fare. 

Chinami, n. Connection, relation, alli- 
ance ; cause, reason. 

Chin-dzuki, n. Cleaning rice by the job 
or quantity. 

Chin-ke-zai, n. Antispasmodic medi- 

Chinki, n. A rare and precious utensil. 

Chin-kin-bori, n. Carved and gilt work, 
chased gold work. 

Chi-no-michi, n. Dizziness, rush of 
blood to the head, headache ; circula- 
tion of blood. 

Chi-nomi-go, n. An infant, suckling. 

Chi-nori, n. The strong, advantageous, 
or important strategical places of a coun- 

Chin-sen, n. Hire, wages. 

Chin-shigoto, n. Work done by the job 
or piece, job-work. 

Chira-Chira, adv. In a flickering, flut- 
tering manner ; twinkling, dazzling. 

CHiRAJ\iEKi,-/&«,-zVa, /. V. To flutter, 
flicker, to move with a quick jerk, to 
flap, whisk. 

Chirari-to, adT>. A glimpse, a short 
transient view or sound. 

Chirashi,-j«,-^«, /. V. To scatter, to dis- 

Chiratsuki,-/!-^,-//^, /. V. To flicker, to 
twinkle, to be dazzled, flutter. 




Chi-ri, n. Geography. 

CmRi-rit,-tia, z. z'. To be scattered, to 
be dispersed, dissipated. 

Chiri, n. Dirt, rubbish, litter, dust. 

Chiri-chiri, ad7'. Scattered, dispersed. 

CHiBiBAMi,-;«?<,-«ifa, i. V. To carve, to 
engrave, to ornament by inlaying with 
gold or silver. 

Chiri-Gami, 71. A kind of coarse paper 
made of the rubbish of a paper- 

Chiri-harai, «. A dusting-brush. 

Chirike, n. Nape of the neck. 

Chirimen, n. Crape. 

Chir-isha, n. A geographer. 

Chiri-tori, n. A dust-pan. 

Chi-rivaku, «. Wisdom, discretion. 

Chiro, 71. Menorrhagia. 

Chiro-chiro, a^z/. In a flickering man- 
ner, with a short, irregular motion. 

Chirori, 71. A metal pot for warming 

Chi-sha, «. A wise, sagacious, or ingen- 
ious person. 

Chi-sha, «. Lettuce. 

Chi-shio, «. Blood. 

Chi-shiru, n. Milk. 

Chiso, 71. A feast, entertainment, amuse- 
ment, pleasure. 

Chi-soku, {tarit- koto wo shiru), n. Con- 

Chi-suji, 71. Family line, lineage. 

Chi-tai, (^iodokoru,) Slow, delay, pro- 
crastinate, tardy. — Tiaku^ without 

Chitto, adv. A little in quantity or 

Chiu, (naka^ Middle, centre ; middling 
in quality, medium ; within , during, 
whilst. jb — ge., superior, middling, 
and inferior. Chiu do, half-way. Chiu 
dbri, medium quality Chiu hai., the 
middle classes. Chiu ju7i. the middle 
decade of the month. Chiu ko, the 
middle ages. Chiu 771071, the inner door. 
Chiit 71671, the middle years of life. 
Chiu-b, the centre. 

Chiu, «. Empty space, air. — ni agaru, 
to ascend in the air. — de yo77tu, to re- 
cite from memor}^ 

Chiu, n. Fidelity to a master, patriotism, 
loyalty. — luo tsukusu, to be faithful 
to the utmost. 

Chiu, «. Commentary, notes. 

Chiu, n. Day, day-time. Chiu ya^ day 
and night. 

Chiubu, 71. Hemiplegia. 

Chiu-GI, «. Fidelity, patriotism, loyalty, 

Chiu-han, {hiru-77ieshi^ n. The noon 
meal, dinner. 

Chiu-i, 71. Care, caution, heed. — suru, 
to be cautious. 

Chiu-jiki, {hiru 77teshi,) — «. The noon 
meal, dinner. 

Chiu-kai. — suru, to comment on, to 
explain with notes, illustrate. 

Chiu-ki, «. Palsy. 

Chiu-k6, n. Fidelity to a master, and 
obedience to parents. 

Chiu-mon, «. An order for goods. — 
suru, to send an order for goods. — 
chb, an order-book. 

Chiu-nin, n. A middle-man, mediator, 

Chiu-nori, n. A play-actor, who appears 
to walk in the air. 

Chiu-sai. — suru, to act as umpire, to 
arbitrate. Chiu-sai-7ii7i, an umpire, 

Chiu-saku, n. A stratagem, plan, 

Chiu-setsu, n. Fidelity, loyalty, patri- 

Chiu-shaku, To explain, or illustrate 
with notes, to comment upon, 

Chiushiko, «. A plane, used by Carpen- 
ters for middling kind of work. 

Chiu-shin. Report, communication, 
message, or statement of facts, (to a su- 

Chiu-shin, «. Fidelity, loyalty, patriot- 

Chiu-to, adv. During, or while engaged 
in doing anything, only having half 
completed, half-through. — de ya77ie- 
rarete wa ko7naru, sorry I had to give 
up before having completed it. 

Chiu-zetsu, {7iaka tayeru.) Giving up, 
ceasing to do, or breaking off anything 

. in the middle, or before being fully 

Chi-wa, 71. The bantering, sportive talk 
of lovers ; flirting. Chiiua-bu77ii^ a love- 

CHiwARi.-rw,-^/a, i. v. To flirt, coquet ; 
to banter and jest with each other. 

Chive, «. Intelligence, talent, cleverness, 

Cho, n. A street, a division of a street, 
a measure of length, = 60 ke7i, = 360 
feet ; also a land measure of 3,000 tsubo^ 
= 108,000 square feet. — 7iai, in the 
street or ward. — yaku, town or ward 

Cho, 71. Prostitute quarter. 

Cho, 71. Dose of medicine, a powder. Ku- 
suri san chb, three doses of medicine. 

Cho, 71. A register, account-book, ledger. 
— 7n tsukeru, to register. — kiri^ 
erasing from a register. Chb-gwwai^ 
not in the register. 




Cho, n. The numeral for guns, ink, can- 
dles, poles, hoes, oars. Teppo it — , one 
gun, one piece of cannon. Sutiii san 
— , three sticks of ink, 

Cho, n. Morning. — seki, morning and 
evening. Miyo^ — to-morrow morning. 
Saku — , yesterday morning. 

Cho, n. A butterfly. 

Cho, «. Numeral for sedan chairs. Kago 
san, — three sedan chains. 

Cho, The even number. — han, even 
and odd numbers. 

Cho, {nngai.) Long, chief, principal, 
eminent, superior. — suru, to grow, 
increase. Chd-biyo, a long sickness. 
Cho-ju, long life, Chd-dan, a long talk. 
Cho-kiu, eternal. Cho-liatsu, long hair, 
unshaved. Cho-tan, long or short. 
Cho-jitsu^ a long day. Ckd-nan, oldest 
son. Cho-ya^ a long night. 

Cv.b,(kikti). Hearing. — jz/r?/, to hear. 
— do., the auditory canal. — shitikei, 
auditory nerve. 

Ch6-ai, n. Balancing or comparing ac- 
count-books, to audit accounts. 

Ch6-b6, «. The view, prospect. — suru, 
to look at a landscape. 

Chobo, n. A dot, point, speck. 

Chobo-chobo, adv. Dotted, the sound 
of dropping of rain-drops. 

Chobo-ichi, «. A game played with dice. 

Cho-bon, n. A ring-leader, chief. 

Cho-chaku. — suru, to beat, whip, strike, 

Cho-chin, n, A lantern. 

CHo-CHOSHn,-/^z',-/&«, a. Talkative, lo- 
quacious, garrulous. 

Ch6-d.\i. — sum, to give, to receive from 
a superior. 

Cho-dansu, n. A chest or bureau in 
which account-books or registers are 

Cho-datsu. — sum, to make up or col- 
lect together a sum of money. 

Ch6-do, n. Things suitable or conven- 
ient. Yome-iri no — , articles necessa- 
ry for a bride. 

Ch6-do, adv. Just, exactly. — yoi, just 

Cho-dzu, «. Water used for washing the 
face or hands. 

Chodzu-ba, n. A privy, water-closet. 

Chodzu-bachi, n. The basin of water 
kept near a privy. 

Cho-gix, n. Silver-ingots or bars. 

Cho-g6, n. A prescription, or a medical 
compound. — ira, a place where pa- 
tients are prescribed for. — suru, to 
compound medicines. 

Ci:6-GUWAi. Erased from the register, 
not written in the register. 

Cho-hei, n. Paper-money. 

Ch6-h6. Convenient, useiul, serviceable. 

Choito, adv. For a moment, instant, 
little while. 

Ch6-ja, «. A rich man, one in good cir- 
cumstances. — tomi ni akadzu. 

Choji, n. Cloves. 

CHO]i,-ru,-ta, t. V. To grow long or 
large, grow up, to increase, to excel, 
become great, surpass, to be more and 
more addicted to. 

Choji. — sum, to forbid, prohibit, in- 
terdict, stop. 

CH6ji-AWASE,-r?<,-^«, /. V. To plan or 
consult together. 

Ch6-jo, n. The highest point, the sum- 
mit, top. 

Chokibune, n. A kind of small river 

Chokki, n. A vest, jacket. 

Chokkura, adv. Just, merely, for a mo- 

Ch6-k6, n. (med.) The symptoms of dis- 

Choko-choko, rt</z'. Frequently, often. 

Chokoz.'vi. Pedantic, affected, having 
only a smattering of learning. 

Choku, n. A small cup for drinking 

Choku, {tadashii). Right, just, upright, 
honest. — na hito, an honest man. 

Choku, (mikotonari). Imperial, relating 
to the Mikado. Choku-gaku, an in- 
scription or name presented to a viiya 
or tera by the Tenshi, Chokn-guwan- 
ji, the temple where a Mikado is bur- 
ied. Choku-jo, imperial orders, 01 
edicts. Choku-ju, received directly 
from the Emperor, as an appointment 
to office. Choku-mei, imperial com- 
mand. Choku-ftien, imperial permis- 
sion or grant. Choku-shi, imperial am- 
bassador. Choku-sho, Mikado's letter, 
Choku-to, the answer or reply of the 

Cho-kuwan, n. The highest officer or 
^ head of a department of government, 

Ch6-m.\n, n. Dropsy of the abdomen. 

Chombori, n, A dot, speck, the least 

Cho-men, n. An account book, register, 
record-book, ledger. _ 

Cho-moku, 71. Small iron cash. 

Cho-mon. — sur2i, to listen to, to at- 
tend, as preaching, or a sermon. 

Chona, n. An adze. 

Cho-netsu, n. Exacerbation or increase 
of fever. 

Cho-nin, n. Towns-people, citizens of a 
town, common people. 

CHO 26 

Choppori, adv. A little, small in quan- 
tity or size. 

Cho-ken, 71. Drill, parade, military 
exercises. — suru., to parade, to 

Chori, n. An executioner. 

Chori, n. A horse doctor. 

Ch6-r6. — auru, to make sport of, to 
quiz, to make a fool of, to treat with 
irony ; to mock, ridicule, jeer. 

Ch6-sai-b6, n. A fool, dunce. 


Cho-Sen, n. Corea. Chosem-bi., a kind 
of grain something like millet. 

Cho-shi, n. A metal kettle used for 
warming sake. 

Cho-shi, n. Tone of voice, or of an in- 
strument ; tune ; spirits. Cho-shi wo 
hadzureru., to be out of tune. 

Cho-teki, n. An enemy of Japan, a 
traitor to one's country. 

Cho-tsugai, «. A hinge, joint. 

Chotto, adv. A little while, a moment. 


Da, coll. contracted from De aru^ it is. 
A^«w-^d!, what is it ? Are wa dare-da^ 
who is that ? Sayo da., it is so. Sore 
da kara -watakushi iya da^ so then I 
don't want it. 

Da. Inferior in quality, mean, low, com- 
mon. — mono^ an article of inferior 

Da, n. Numeral for horse-load, about 
225 catties, or 300 pounds. Nimotsu 
ichi da. ^ 

Dabi. Burning the bodies of the dead, 
cremation. Dabi-sho^ the place where 
dead bodies are burned. 

Dachi. A suffix derived from Tatsu, 
to stand up. lchi-7iin-dachi., one 
man alone, or single file. Hitori- 
dachi^ alone. 

Da-chin, n. Fare for transportation on 
horses or coolies. 

Da-ch6, n. The ostrich. 

Da-da, n. Fretful, petulant, cross. Da- 
da 1V0 ill, to fret and whine. 

DADAKE,-r«,-/a, i. v. To fret, to be 
cross, ill-tempered. 

Dadakko, n. A cross, fretful child, cross- 

Dai, n. A stand, base or frame work for 
supporting something else, a pedestal. 
Chadai^ a cup-stand. Shoku-dai., a 
candle-stick. Teppo-dai^ a gun-carri- 
age, gun-stock. Futpii-dai., a foot- 

Dai, {yo), n. Age, dynasty, reign, gene- 
ration. Ban-dai, all generations, al- 
ways, eternal. Dai-dat, every genera- 

Dai, (shiro')., n. Money given in ex- 
change for anything ; cost, price ; vi- 
carious, substitute. 

Dai, n. A theme, text, subject, topic. 

Dai. The ordinal prefix. — t'cAz, the 
first. Daz'-fiz'-ban, the second. 

Dai, (pkii). Large, great, big ; used in 
compound words. — «a«, great calam- 
ity. — riki^ great strength. — sho^ 
big and little. 

Dai-ba, n. A fort. — wo oidzuku^ to 
construct a fort. Odaiba, id. 

Dai-ben, n. Faeces, excrement. — surtt, 
to go to stool. 

Dai-ben-koshi, n. Charge d' Affaires. 

Dai-bun, adv. Very much, to a large 
degree, for the most part. 

Dai-cho, n. The large intestines. 

Dai-dai, n. A bitter orange. 

Dai-d6, {dj'i), n. Highway, main-road. 
— 7/iise, selling goods in the street 
spread out upon the ground. 

Daidokoro, n. A kitchen. 

Dai-dzu, n. A large white bean. Soja 

Dai-fuku-cho, n. A merchant's account 
book in which the sales are entered, 

Dai-gaklt, n. The great learning— one 
of the four books of Confucius. 

Dai-gi, m. The stump, or stem on which 
a graft is fixed, 

Dai-go, n. The name, or title of a book. 

Dai-go. The ranks of an army. 

Dai-guwax, (0 ?iegai). n. Earnest pray- 
er, petition, great desire. 

Dai-hachi-guruma, n. A car, or dray 
for hauling goods. 

Dai-han-ji, 71. The chief judge. 

Dai-hitsu, n. A secretary, amanuensis. 

Dai-ji. Important, of consequence ; care- 

Dai-jiri, n. The breech or butt of a 

Dai-j6-bu, a. Strong, firm, solid ; well 


fortified, able to resist, hale, robust, 
sound in body ; fixed, settled ; safe, se- 
Dai-ju-n6, n. A kind of shovel fixed on 

a stand, used for carrying fire. 
Dai-ka, n. Price, cost, value. 
Dai-kagura, n. A kind of dancing in 
the street, by a person wearing a mask 
like a lion's head ; ball playing. 
Dai-kai, n. The ocean. 
Dai-kin, «. Price, value, money paid in 

exchange for goods. 
Dai-kokl-bashira, n. The large pillar 

in the centre of a house. 
Dai-kon, n. A kind of large radish — 

Raphanus sativus. 
Daiku, n. A carpenter. Funa-daiku^ 

a ship-builder. 
Dai-kuwan, n. A lieutenant, or deputy 

officer ; an agent. 
Dai-mei-shi, n. A pronoun. 
Dai-mivo, n. The name of a feudal or 
military chief during the time of the 
shoguns, whose incomes was over 10,000 
koku of rice. 
Dai-moku, n. The name, or title of a 
book ; also, the title of the prayer of 
the Nichi-ren sect of Buddhists. 
Dai-motsu, n. The article or money 
given in exchange for goods, cost, price. 
Dain'ashi, adv. Spoiled, dirty. 
Dai-6, n. Rhubarb. 
Dai-on-j6, n. A loud voice. 
Dairi, n. The palace of the Mikado. 
Dai-riv6, n. Money given in exchange 

for goods ; price, cost. 
Dai-san-ji, n. The highest official of 

a Ha7i next below the chihanji. 
Dai-su, n. A stand with furnace on it 

used in making tea. 
Dai-tan, {kitiio no /utoi^ a. Great 
courage, courageous ; audacious, bold, 
Dai-za, n. The base or pedestal of a 

tombstone, or image. 
Dai-zai, {oinarii tsu7ni^ n. Great crime. 

— «/;;, a great offender. 
Da-jaku, a. Infirm, or weak in body, 

Da-j6-kuwan, n. The highest depart- 
ment or supreme council of state. 
Dake, n. Much, quantity. Kore — , so 
much. Dore — , how much? Ari — , 
all there are. 
DAKi^-ku^-ita, t. V. To hold in the arms, 
to embrace, to hug. Daki-au, to em- 
brace or hug each other. Daki-kaka- 
yerti^ to embrace, to hold in the arms. 
Daki-komu, to carry into^ to gain over 
to one's party or interest, to make 
friends of, to subsidize. Daki-okosic, 

27 DAN 

to lift up in the arms, as one who is lying 
down. Daki-shimeru., to hug tightly. 
Dakt-totncru, to throw the arms around 
another and hinder him. Daki-tsuku, 
to cling to with the arms, to hug up 
Dakiu, n. A game of ball played on 
horse-back. — sajt\ a pole armed with 
a net, with which the ball is caught. 
Dakko, n. Prolapsus ani. 
Dako, «. A spittoon, spit-box. 
Daku. — suru^ to assent, consent, to 

answer, or respond to a call. 
Daku-boku, adv. Full of ups and downs, 

or hills and hollows, uneven. 
D.\KU-ON, (tiigori koye^) ?i. The impure 
sounds of some of the Japanese sylla- 
bles ; as, ba., bi\ die, da.,ji^ dzu., etc. 
Damakashi,-^?^,-/^, t. V. To hoax, hum- 
bug, to take in, cheat. Datnakasare- 
ru, to be taken in, or hoaxed. 
DA.\iARi,-r«,-a//a, /. v. To be silent, 

still, not to speak. 
DAM.A.RI, n. Silence, without speaking. 
— f!0 viaku^ a theatrical scene where 
the actors are silent, pantomime. 
DAMASHi,-j«,-/'a, t. V. To cheat, hoax, 
take in, deceive, circumvent. Dama- 
sareru, to be cheated. Dainashi-ko~ 
i>in, to take in, cheat, over-reach, vic- 
timize. Damashi-toru., to take by 
Da.mbukuro, 71. Trowsers, pantaloons. 
Dame, adv. Vain, useless. 
D.-vme, n. Omission, anything over- 
Damma, n. A pack-horse. 
Dam-metsu. To cut off and destroy, 

Dam-pan, n. A conference, consultation, 

Dam-p6, n. The parishioners of a tem- 
Dan, n. A step, a raised platform ; grade, 
rank, step ; a section ol a book ; an act 
or play in a theatre ; thing or affair ; 
subject. Btitsu-dan^ an altar. 
Dan-bira, n. A broad sword. 
Dan-dan, ^i/z/.. In ranks; step by step ; 
gradually, by degrees ; great, many, 
DaxV-dara, n. Striped crosswise, marked 

or cut across in sections. 
Dan-gi, n. Preaching, a sermon by a 

Buddhist priest of the Monto sect. 
Dango, n. A dumpling, or bread cooked 

by boiling. 
Dan-goku. — stiru., to condemn to im- 
Dani, n. A dog-tick. 
Dani, n. Goods carried by a pack-horse. 



Dani, ad7>. Even, only. 

DANTi,-rM,-^rt, z. z'. 1 o speak, talk, say. 

Dak-Jiki, n. Religious fasting. 

Danjiri, n. An ornamented car at festi- 

Dan-ke, n. The parishioners, or families 
that support a Buddhist temple. 

Dan-ki, «. Warm weather, the heat, 

Dan-k6, (Jianashi-ai^ n. Consultation, 
conference. — suru^ to confer together. 

Dan-kotsu, n. Fracture of a bone. 

Danna, n. The parishioners of a temple ; 

Da-no, conj. Used in enumerating seve- 
ral items, = and, also. 

Dan-rin, «. A Buddhist monastery. 

Dan-wa, n. Conversation, talking, speak- 

Dan-yaku, «. Ammunition, powder and 

D.AN-zAi, ikiru-tsumi^) n. Capital pun- 

Dan-zetsu. — suru^ to cut off, destroy, 
exterminate ; interrupt. 

Dara-dara, adv. In a slow, sluggish 

DARAKE,-r«,-^a, z. V. To be languid, 
dull, sluggish, drooping, indisposed to 

Darake. Used only in composition with 
nouns, = covered with, filled with, 
smeared with. Cki-darake^ covered 
with blood. Yama-darake., mountai- 

Daraku, (pchiru). — suru, to fall, to fall 
away, to apostatize, to fail or become 
insolvent. Daraku-so, an apostate 

Darani, n. Magic formulas taken from 
Buddhist sacred books and written in 
the Sanscrit character. 

Daramsuke or Darasuke, «. A kind of 
bitter medicine. 

Darappvi6shi-na, a. Disorderly, sloven- 
ly, irregularly. 

Darashinai,-/^7<, a. Slovenly, loose, dis- 
ordered, careless. 

DARE,-r«,-/'a, t. V. To fall in price. 

Dare, pron. Who. — nite mo, or Dare- 
devio, anybody, everybody, whoever. 
— mo shitta mono iva nai, nobody 
knows it, or, I don't know anybody. — 
ka saki ye kita, somebody has come 
before us. 

Daro, cont. of de and aro the dub. and 
fut. of aru. Naze sonna ni yenriyo 
suru daro, why are you so diffident ? 

T>AR\}i,ki,-ku,-shi, a. Languid, sluggish, 
dull, heavy, lifeless, weak and indis- 
posed to exertion. 

Dashi, n. A sauce or flavoring for 
ted car drawn at 


Dashi, «. j 

Dashi, n. Pretext, pretence, excuse. — 
ni suru, to do on pretence. 

Dashi,-^?^,-^^, t. V. To put out, take 
out, drive out, bring out, lead out, to 
cause to go out. 

Dashi-ai, n. Paying out together, in- 
vesting in shares. 

Dashi-ire, 71. Expenditures and receipts ; 
the taking out and putting in. 

Dashi-nuke-ni, adv. Suddenly, by sur- 
prise, abruptly, at unawares. 

DASHi-NUKi,-/^?<,-zVa, t. V. To surprise, 
to take unawares, to circumvent. 

Dasso, ?t. Gangrene, mortification, spha- 

Dasso, n. Flight, escape, desertion. — 
suru, to desert. 

Datai, «. Abortion. — suru, to cause 

Date, n. Show, display, ostentation, 
gay appearance, finery. — otoko, a fop. 
— na, gay, gaudy, showy. Shin-jitsu 
date, a show of sincerity. Date-ska^ 
one fond of wearing finery, a fop. 

Datera, {^ de i-fiagara^ see Tate- 

Datto, {katana wo nugu,) n. Not wear- 
ing a sword, without a sword. 

Datsu-i, {korotno wo mtg-u,) n. Stripping 
ofi" the robes of a priest, and turning 
him out of the priesthood. 

Daven, n. Oval, elliptical in shape. 

De, Post-pos., expressing the cause, 
manner or instrument, the place or 
time, and sometimes answering to the 
sub. verb. With, by, at, of, in, being ; 
as it is ; because of, on account of. TV 
de butsu, strike with the hand. 

'D^,-ru,-ta, 2. V. To go out, issue forth, 
proceed from ; to arise, appear. UcAi 
kara dete yukti, to go out of the house. 
Deie-koz, come out. Hi ,s;a deta, the 
sun is up. Hinia ga deru, to be out 
of employment. 

T)^-K\,-au,-atta, i. v. To meet while 
out, to meet with. 

De-ba, n. Projecting teeth. 

Deba, n. A kitchen-knife. 

Debana, n. The period of greatest per- 
fection, the height. 

V)^^\^\,-ru,-tta. i. v. To leave home 
and attend to business or duty at some 
fixed place. Ban-sho ye debaru, to 
attend at the police station. 

De-bari, 71. An out-station, a shop or 
office away from home, a police station, 



De-ueso, n. Projecting navel, umbilical 

De-bitai, n. Projecting eye-brows. 

JiK-CHiGAi^-au^-atta ^ t. v. To miss by 
going out ; to be out when another 

De-dana, 71. A shop in another place, a 
branch shop. 

Dedemushi, n. A snail. 

Degire, n. Scraps of cloth left after cut- 
ting, a remnant. 

Degoshi, n. A projecting frame work 
outside of the window of a guard-house. 

De-ha, n. A place for going out, a place 
of exit. 

De-h6dai, adv. Speaking off-hand ; at 
random, without reflection. — ni iu, 
to speak at random. 

Dei-dei, h. a class of people of very 
low grade, the same as Hi-nin^ ox yeta. 

De-iri, n. Going out and in, expenses 
and receipts ; a dispute, quarrel, suit at 
law. De-iri-guchi, a door, common 
passage way. De-iri-shi, a lawyer, a 
person who manages a lawsuit. 

De-jiko, n. An out-castle, one besides 
the main-castle. 

DE-KAKARi,-r« ,-//«, /. z'. Ready or about 
to go out, to be about to do, about to 

DE-KASHi,-j-?<,-/a, /. 7'. To cause to be- 
come, or to succeed in doing, to bring 
about, to manage to do. Dekashi-gai\ 
a countenance expressive of success, 
triumphant countenance. 

De-kasegi, n. Business, or employment 
away from home. 

De-kata, n. An inferior policeman, 
constal.le or spy. 

De-kawari, n. Change in going out of 
service ; doing duty in the place of one 
whose time has expired. 

DEKi,-r?/,-^rt, i. V. To do, make, to pro- 
duce ; to finish, accomplish ; can, able. 
Dekiru-Tsa dekinn-ka^ can j^ou do it, 
or not ? 

Deki. n. The product, what is done, or 
finished. Deki fu-deki ga aru, some- 
times it is good, sometimes bad ; good 
and bad, irregular. 

Deki-agari, — ru,-Ua, i. v. To be done, 
finished, completed. 

Drki-agari, n. The work, production ; 

'DKVi\-.\i,-aH,-atta, i. v. To be ready 
made, at hand, on hand. 

Deki-ai, 71. Ready made articles, arti- 
cles on hand. 

Deki-bai, 71. Work, production, work- 
manship, the effect. — ga ii., it is 
beautifully done. 

Deki-bugen, ti. Riches acquired sud- 

Deki-gokoro, 71. Sudden notion or fan- 
cy, sudden desire. 

Deki-goto, 71. Any thing that happens 
unexpectedly ; an accident. 

Deki-.mono, «. A sore, an ulcer. — ga 

Deki-shi, 7t. Drowned. 

Deki-sokonai,-«z<, -attay i. v. To be 
spoiled, or injured in making; to be 
badly made. 

Dekkai,-/^?<, a. Big, great, large. 

Deko, 7t. A puppet with a large project- 
ing forehead. 

Dekl BOKU, adz'. A surface that has ups 
and downs, uneven, full of hills and 

Dekuchi, n. Place of exit, the hole, ori- 
fice, nozzle, or door by which any thing 
passes out. 

DEKU\VASE,-r«,-^a, /. v. To meet un- 

Demaye, n. Food cooked in a restau- 
rant and supplied to order. 

Dembata, {ta hatake,) n. Rice and 
wheat fields. 

Dembo, 7t. A low vulgar fellow, a bully. 

Dembu, n. A kind of food made of raw 

Dem-bun, {tsutayete kiku^) To know 
by hearsay, to hear from others, a re- 

Dembu-ya-Jin, 71. A rustic, a clownish 
ignorant fellow. 

Deme, 71. Projecting ej^es. 

De-mise, 7t. A branch store. 

De-midzu, «. An inundation. 

Demo, co7ij. Either, or, whether, even 
if, soever. Inii de77to 7ieko de7no 7iiwa- 
tori zvo torn ka shiranu., I don t 
know whether it was a dog or a cat 
which took the fowl. Sore de77to iya 
da., I won't even for that. Yuku to 
dei7io yukaiiai to de77io ii yo, say 
whether you will go or not. 

Demo, a. Any kind, ordinary, common, 
mediocre. — gakusha., a scholar of 
common ability. 

Dem-po, 71. Fields. 

Dem-p6, 71. Traditional religious rites. 

Dem-p6, «. A medical receipt received 
from another. 

Dem-pu, 71. A farmer, husbandman. 

De-mukai, n. Going out to welcome a 
guest, going out to meet. 

Den, (iHalnA-ari.') 7t. Lightning. 

Den, (M,) n. Rice-field. 

Den-gaku, n. A kind of food made of 
baked i(ifu. 

Den-GON, (tsutayeru kotoba.) «. Word, 




farm, planta- 

. Teach - 
— surUy 

verbal message, transmitted from 
person to another. 

Den-ji, «. Rice-field, 

Den-ju, {tsutaye sadzuku^ n. 
ing, instruction, or precept. 
to instruct, teach. 

Den-ka, n. A farm-house. 

Den-ki, {tsutaye shirusu,) n. Records, 
history, chronicle. 

Den-ki, n. Electricity. 

Den-kuwa, n. Lightning. 

Den-rai, (tsiitaye-kitaru). Transmitted, 
handed down, inherited. 

Den-sen, Infectious, contagious, catch- 
ing, as disease. — biyo^ an infectious 
disease. — surii^ to be infectious. 

Den-Setsu, (tsutaye-banashi)^ ?t. A 
story, saying, or report transmitted 
from one to another. 

Den-shin-ki, «. The telegraph. 

Den-so, «. Rice tax paid by farmers. 

Den-tatsu, — surti^ to deliver a mes- 
sage or transmit it from one to an- 

Dero, (a vulgar coll. imp. of Deru^ Get 
out, go out. 

De-sakari, n. The time of being out in 
greatest numbers, the height of an 

DESHABARi,-r« ,-/'/'«, i. V. To rudely in- 
terrupt others while talking, to obtrude, 
or interfere in speaking. 

Deshi, n. A pupil, scholar, disciple, 
learner, apprentice. — domo^ pupils. 

Deshi-iri, {niu-mon,) n. Entering 
school as a pupil, becoming a disciple. 

Deso, n. The appearance of going out, 
look like going out. Kaze ga desb-na 

De-soroi,-^,-(?^«, i. V. To come out ful- 
ly, every one to appear. 

DESUGi,-r?/,-/'.-z, i. V. To interrupt, to 
meddle, interfere ; to intrude. — mo- 
no^ a meddler, intruder. 

'D-E-T\CHi,-tsu,-tta, z\ V. To start out, 
to start off, to set out. 

Det.'VRame, n. Speaking at random, say- 
ing anything that comes first, without 
reflection, off-hand. 

DETCHi,-r«,-/«, i. V. To knead, (as 

Det-chi, n. A shop boy. 

De-vojo, n. Leaving home on account 
of health. — suru^ to go abroad for 

Deyo, The coll. fut. oi Deru. — to omote 
itara kiyaku ga kita^ a guest came 
just as he was thinking of going out. 

Devu, n. Hot springs. 

Do, n. A degree in geometry, or divis- 

ion of a thermometer; right or just 
measure, time. — ivo sttgiru, to ex- 
ceed the proper degree. Ichi-do^ once. 
Ni-do^ twice. San-do, thrice. Maido 
often. Iku-do, how often? Do do, 
frequently. — luo uskinaUy to lose 
presence of mind. 

Do, — sum. To save. Shujd ivo — su- 
ru, to save all creatures. 

Do, n. The trunk, the body, that part 
of a coat of mail which covers the 
trunk. — no ma, middle part of a ship 
between the fore and mizzen masts. 

Do, {michi), n. A road, way ; virtue, 
reason, doctrine, principle, truth. 

Do, {akagaite,) n. Copper. 

Do, {onaj'i). Alike, the same, together. 
— jitsii, same day. — 7ten, same year. 

— getsu, same month. — c/io, same 
street. — butsii, same thing, alike. — 
kiyo, living together. — hai, same so- 
cial position, equals. — miyo , of the 
same surname. — ff^yo, travelling to- 
gether. — han, of the same clan. — 
on, the same sound, one voice. — i, 
of the same mind. — shtcku, lodging 
together. — kaku, of the same rank, 

— to, same class. — yaku, of the same 
office. — yd, m the same way, alike. 

— zei, a retinue, company. 

Do, adv. How, in what manner, for 
what reason, by what cause, in what 
state, why, what. — shit a, how was it 
done ? how was it ? — shitara yokaro., 
how had I better do ? — demo yoi, 
any how will do. — iu wake, for what 
reason. — iu hito^ whdT' kind of a 

Do, n. A small conical basket used for 
catching eels. 

Do-BA, n. A worn-out useless horse. — 
ni otoru. 

Do-BACHI, n. A copper bowl. 

D0-BA.SHI, «. A bridge, the floor of which 
is made of earth. 

DoBi, n. The white rose. 

Do-BiN, M. An earthen tea-pot. 

DoBU, n. A ditch, trench, drain. 

DoBU-DOBU, adz>. The sound made by a 
liquid flowing from a bottle, or of a 
small thing falling into water. 

DoBUROKU, n. An inferior kind of sake, 
in which the grounds have not been 
strained off. 

Do-BURUi, «. Shivering, trembling. 

DoBUTSU, «. A fat and silly person. 

Do-BUTSU, {ugokti mono), n. Things 
that have life and motion. 

DoCHi, n. A child, a young person un- 
der ten years of age. 

DocHiRA,/r^. What place, where, which. 




— ye ittaka shire nai, I don't know 

wheie he has gone. — ga yoi\ vi\i\ch 

is> the best ? — demn yoroshiiy either 

will do. — mo yoroshiiy they are both 

Do-CHiu-Ki, n. A road-book, guide- 
DoDAi, n. The foundation sill of a 

house, the foundation. 
Do-DAN, A word used to save repetition, 

ditto. Migi — , same as before. 
Do-Do, — suru^ to travel together, to go 

DoDOiTSU, n. A kind of popular song. 
Do-GAKU, n. Moral philosophy. 
Do-GAME, n. A snapping-turtle. 
Do-GANE, n. The metal band around a 

DoGi, n. A corset, or short jacket worn 

inside of the other clothes. 
Do-GU, n. Tools, implements, utensils, 

furniture, arms, weapons. 
Do-GUSURI, n. Gunpowder. 
Do-GUSURi-iRE, n. A powder-flask. 
Do-GU-VA, «. A shop where second-hand 

furniture is sold. 
Do-HAN, n. Copper-plate for printing, 

engraved on copper-plate. 
Do-HiYo, n. Bags filled with earth. 
Do-HiYo-BA, n. The arena or ring made 

with earth-bags where wrestlers per- 
Do-iN. Shampooing. 
Doji, n. A stupid affair. 
Do-ji, n. A little boy. (med.) the pupil 

of the eye. 
Do-jiN, «. Aborigines. 
Do-jo, n. A lamprey (?) 
Do-KA, adv. of beseeching, wishing, or 

doubt. — o tanomi-moshi-masu, please 

help me. 
D oKK, -ru^-t a ^ t. v. To jest, to act the 

buffoon, to talk for the diversion of 

others. — tnono^ a jester, buffoon, 

'DoK.K^-ru^-ta, t. v. To put out of the 

way, move to one side. Doke^ get out 

of the way. 
DoKE, n. A buffoon, jester, clown. 
DoKi,-/^«-/a, /. V. To get out of the 

way, to move aside. 
DoKi, n. Palpitation of heart. 
DoKi, «. Earthenware. 
DoKi, 71. Anger. 
DoKi-DOKi, adv. Beating of the heart, 

DoKKESHi, n. An antidote to poison. 
DoKKi, «. Poisonous air or gas. 
DoKKiYO, {hitori orii). Living alone. 
DoKKo, {hitori yuku). — sttru., to travel 

alone, go alone. 

DoKKOVE-DOKKOYE, «. A lottery-wheel 
used by persons who sell candy in the 

DoKO, n. A copper boiler. 

DoKO, adv. Where. — no hito da, 
where is he from ? — ye yuku, where 
are you going ? Uchi iva — da, where 
do you live ? — devto yoi, any place 
will do. Hi wa — dotio ataru, the sun 
shines everywhere. — to mo nashi ni 
yuku, to go, not knowing where. 

DoKU, n. Poison. — ni ataru, to be 
poisoned. — 71a, poisonous, hurtful. 
Doku-ja, a venomous snake. Doku- 
giyo, poisonous fish. Doku - 77iushi, 
poisonous insect. Doku-shu, poisonous 
liquor. Doku-yaku, poisonous medi- 
icine. Doku-ya, poisoned arrow. — 
i77ii, avoiding hurtful food. — ;«z, tast- 
ing or proving whether a thing is poi- 
sonous. — satsu^ to kill by poisoning. 
— gai, id. 

DoKf. Alone, by one's self, single, soli- 
tary. — ^rt/^?/, studying by one's self, 
self-taught. — gin, singing alone. — 
raku, enjoj'ing anything alone. — shin, 
single, unmarried. — za, sitting alone. 

DoKUDAMi, «. The Houttuynia cordata. 

DOKU-DATE, n. Abstaining from hurtful 
food, regulating the diet. — luo sum, 
to diet. 

DoKU-DOKUSHii, a. Poisonous, hurtful. 

g from a bottle, gurgling. 

DoKU-Riu, {hitori dachi.) Standing alone, 
independent, free from the control of 

DoKURO, {ata7na bone). A skull. 

Do-MA, 71. The small unfloored court at 
the entrance of Japanese houses ; the 
pit in a theatre. 

Do-MAKi, 71. A long wallet for carrying 
money tied around the body. 

DoMBURi, 71. A porcelain bowl. 

Do.M-BUTSU, n. A blockhead, a dunce. 

Do-Mix, 71. A farmer belonging to any 
particular district. 

Do.MO. A plural ending, used in speaking 
of inferiors, or of many, where the 
speaker is one. Watakushi-domo, we. 
Onna-do7/io, the women. Musu7Jie- 
do77io, the girls. O/naye-domo, 

DoMO. Subjunctive suffix to verbs, 
though, although, but. Miredoiito ini- 
yedzii kike-domo kikoyedzu, looking, 
but not seeing ; listening, but not hear- 

DoMO, adv. or interj. expressing admira- 
tion, difficulty, doubt, quandary. — shi- 




yd ga nai^ there is no help for it, (do as 
I may). 

DoMORi,-r«,-/«, /, V. To stutter, to 

DoMORi, n. Stutterer, stammerer. 

Don, {nibui). Dull, blunt, stupid. Don 
to, d dull knife. Don-na hito, a stupid 
person. — sai, stupid, doltish, 
f Don, (contracted from Bono). A common 
title of address to servants, or inferiors, 
as Kill don^ Mr. Kiu. 

Do-NABE, n. An earthen pot. 

Do-NAN, n. A little boy. 

DoNARi,-r?<,-^/rt, I. V. To speak or cry 
out with a loud voice, vociferate. 

DoNATA,/r^. Who. Kore wa — no hon 
de gozarhnasu, whose book is this ? — 
de gozarintasu, who is there? 

DoNCHAN. To be confused, to be thrown 
into disorder, or tumult. 

DoN-DON, adv. The sound of beating a 
drum, or rolling of a wagon, of a person 

DoNDZUMARi, n. The end, upshot, con- 
clusion, final issue. 

Don-game, n. A large kind of tortoise. 

Do-Nivo, n. A little girl. 

Donna. What kind ? — inono de gozari- 
ntasity what kind of a thing is it ? 

DoNO, n. A title, same as savta, used 
when speaking of superiors. 

DoNO, pro. Which? what? — hito, 
which person ? — kuni., which country ? 
— j^ «z, in what way? Dono ktirai, 
how much ? ' 

DoNS'J, n. A kind of silk fabric of which 
belts are made. 

DoN-TAKU, «. Sunday, a holy-day. 

Doppo. To walk alone, to be alone in 
talent or ability, above all others. 

Dora, ft. A kind of gong suspended be- 
fore idols and struck by worshipers. 

Dora. Dissolute, profligate, vicious, 

Doraku. Given to vice and dissipation, 
dissolute, vicious, profligate. — mono., 
a dissolute person. 

Do-kan, n. Disturbance, commotion, con- 

Do-RAN, n. A leather bag or wallet, 
knapsack, satchel, cartridge-box. 

DoRE. A word used in answering a call. 

DoRE, /r«7. Which. — g:a ii., which is 
the best ? — mo onajikoto, they are 
both alike. — demo yoroshti, either 
will do. — hodo.or — da ke, hovt mnch'i 

DoRE. Exclamation of wonder, surprise. 

Do-Ri, (wzV;^?,) n. Reason, right princi- 
ple, truth, principles, doctrine ; cause or 
reason, a natural rule or law. Ten-chi 
no — , the laws of nature. 

Do-Rivo, n. Talent, ability, capacity. 

Do-Rivo, n. A mole. 

Do-RO, «. A way, road. 

DoRO, «, Mud. — 710 umi, chaos. Do- 
ro-darake., covered with mud. Doro- 
inabure, smeared with mud. — midzu, 

DoROBo, n. A thief, robber. 

DoRO-DORO, adv. Rumbling sound, as 
of distant thunder, or cannon, of per- 
sons walking. 

Do-RUi, n. Same kind, same class or sort, 
an accomplice, confederate. 

DoSA, n. A stuff made of glue and alum, 
for glazing paper. — wo hiku^ to glaze 

DosA-DOSA, adv. In a tumultuous and 
hurried manner. — to kuru. 

DosAKLSA, adv. Confusion, tumult, tur- 
moil. — niagire ni mono ivo toru, 
taking advantage of the confusion to 

DosEi, n. The planet Saturn. 

Do-SHA, n. A religionist, moralist, devo- 
tee, a pilgrim. 

Do-SHA, n. A powder, which, applied to 
the body of a dead person, is said to re- 
lax its rigidity. 

Do-SHi, {hataraki kotoba^ n. A verb. 

Do-SHi. Constantly, without ceasing or 
interval. Yomi-doshi, constantly read- 
ing. Vo-ddskt\ the whole night. 

DosHi. Amongst themselves, with each 
other, together, in company. Onna- 
doshi tera 7ti maim., women go to- 
gether to the temples. — ikusa, a civil 
war. — Jichi., fighting with each other, 
a civil war. 

Do-SHiN, (onaji kokoro^ n. Of the same 
mind, like-minded. Also, a constable 
or policeman, a novice, or one recently 
entered into the Buddhist priesthood. 

DossARi, adv. Much, very many, plenty, 

Do-su, n. The degree, as of heat, or la- 
titude ; the number. 

DosuAKAi, a. A dirty, or too deep a red. 

DoscGOVE. A fierce, excited, harsh 

DosuGUROi, a. Of a dirty, or too deep a 

Dote, n. A mound, or bank of earth 
which separates rice-fields, a dyke, em- 

DoTERA, n. A long wadded coat worn in 

DoTTO, adv. Sudden burst of noise from 
many persons; as, — -urarau^ to burst 
out laughing. 

Do-WA, (inichi no hanashi^ n. Religi- 
ous, or moral discourses. 



Do-WASURE, n. Suddenly forgetting, not 
able to recall what one knows well. 

DovA-DOYA, adv. The sound of the feet 
of many persons walking. 

Do-Yo, l^ugoku^) n. Motion, agitation, 
excitement. — sur-u^ to move, shake, 
to be agitated, disturbed. 

Do-YOKU-NA, a. Greedy, covetous, ava- 

DoYOMEKi,-/?-«t,-zVa. To make a loud 
noise, to reverberate, the confused 
sound of a multitude of men, birds, or 
animals ; the sound of a torrent of wa- 

Do-ZEN, {maye ni onaji). Same as be- 
fore, ditto, alike. 

Do-z6, n. A mud fire-proof building, a 

Do-zo, ad7>. of entreating, beseeching, 
or supplicating, = please, I pray you, 
I pray that, hope that. — kaskite 
kudasare^ please lend me. 

Do-ZOKU, «. Pries't and people, clergy 
and laity. 

Dzu, n. The head. 

Dzu, «. A drawing, picture, sketch, a 
plan ; a favorable opportunity. — ivo 
kiku., to draw a plan. — ni norjt., to 
take advantage of a favorable opportu- 

DzuBAKE,-r^<,-^<i;, /. V. To hoax, to play 
a trick, befool. 

DzuBON, n. Trousers, pantaloons. 

Dzu-BOSHI, n. The black spot in the 
centre of a target, the crown of the 

Dzu-BOTO, «. Extract of liquorice. 

Dzu-BU, adv. The sound made by plung- 
ing into water. — to midzic ni tsuke- 

DzuBUNURE, n. To be wet from head to' 

foot, wet all over. 
Dzi'BUROKU. Drunk. 
DzuBUTOi,-/^/,--^«, a. Bold, fearless, dar- 
ing, audacious. 
DzuDA-BuivURO, n. The bag carried by 

begging priests. 
DzuDA-DZUDA, adv. Pieces. — ni kiru. 
Dzi DZU, n. A rosary. 
DziDZU-DAMA, n. A plant called Job's 

tears. The Coix lacryma. 
DzuDZUSHii,->^/,-^«, a. Bold, fearless, 

daring, audacious. 
DzLi, n. A sign, omen. — gen^ a good 

omen. — tmi^ a lucky dream. — so^ 

a lucky sign. 
Dzui, n. Marrow, pith of wood. 
Dzui, ;«. The pistils of a flower. 
Dzui-BUN, adv. Tolerably, as good as 

the circumstances will admit of, pretty 

well, as much as possible. 

Dzui-HiTSU, {/ude-dzusame).^ n. Mis- 
cellaneous writings, common-place 

Dzui-i, (^kokoro makase). At one's pleas- 
ure, according to one's mind, or conveni- 
ence. — ni nasare, do as you like. 

Dzui-iCHi. The best, the first. 

Dzui-Ki, n. The stem of the Taro, used 
as food. 

Dzui-SHiN, n. A follower, a disciple. 

Dzui-TO, adv. Directly, in a direct 
straight manner, without minding cere- 

DzuKi-DZUKi, — iiamu, to throb with 

Dzu-KiN, n. A bonnet, a cap worn in 
cold weather. 

DzuKKARi, or DzuppARi, adv. Apart, 
separate. — to kiru., to cut in two. 

DzuKU, n. Cast iron. 

DzuKU, (from tsuku., to spend, consume), 
used only as an auxiliary word, = by 
force or by means of. Kane-dzuku de 
chiug-i wo sum, to be loyal only be- 
cause of gain by it. 

Dzu-KUNI, n. Same country. — no hito 

DzuMi, «. A kind of yellow dyestuflF. 

DzuN-DO, adv. Particularly, especially, 
very. — yoi., verj' good. 

DzuN-DZUN, adv. Rapidly, fast. 

DzuN-DZUN-Ni, adv. Into small pieces. 
— hikisaku., to tear into small pieces. 

DzuNUKE,-r?/,-i'rt, /. V. Foolish, silly, 
awkward ; to be extraordinary, or out- 

DzuppuRi, adv. All over, completely. 
Mi dzu ni ochite — nureta. 

Drur.\-dzura, adv. Glibly, smoothly. — 
hon IVO yoinu. 

DzuRARi-TO, adv. One after another, in 
a line, continuously ; single file. — 

DzuRi,-r/<,-//a, i. v. To slide down, to 

slip down. Dzuri-kovtii^ to slip or 

slide down into. Dzrtri-ochiru^ to 

slip or slide down anything. 
DzuRU-pzuRU, adv. Slippery, smoothly, 

in a slippery manner. 
DzuRui,-^«,-.y/i/, a. Cheating, knavish, 

shirking and imposing one's work on 

others, slow, lazy, idle. Dztiruku suru, 

to cheat, to be lazy. 
DzuRUKE,-r?/,-/a, i. v. To be idle, lazy, 

to shirk work. 
DzuSa, n. A follower, servant, retainer. 
Dzu-SHi, n. A small shrine in which 

idols are kept. 
Dzu- so, n. An eruption on the scalp. 
Dzu-tsu, adv. The number to which it 

is joined separately taken, as HitotsU" 




dzutsu, one by one, one at a time. Ht- 
tori-dzutsUy one person at a time. 
Chatuan ni ippai — hi ni san do no- 
mu ga yoi^ take one teacupful three 
times a day. 
Dzu-TSU, {kashira no itatnt)^ n. Head- 

DzuTSUNAi ,-^/,-jA/, a. Painful, griev- 
ous, distressing, hard to bear. 

DzuTTO, adv. In a direct, straight 

DzL-ZAN. Fanciful, baseless, unreason- 
able, hypothetical. 


Fu, n. A pawn in the game of chess. 

Fu, n. A spot, speck, mark. — iri^ 
spotted, speckled. 

Fu, «. A kind of food, made of wheat- 
flour. — jrt, the shop where the above 
is sold. 

Ft;, n. An imperial city, of which there 
are three only in the empire, viz. : Ki- 
yoto, Osaka, and Tokei. _ i 

Fu, n. A music book ; musical marks \ 
or notes. | 

Fu. A negative prefix. ' 

Fu, n. An envelope, seal, or enclosure j 
of a letter. ///«, one enclosure. i 

Fu, {knze)^ n. The wind ; manner, de- i 
portment, customs. 7"«/-yi(7, a typhoon. 

Fu-ANNAi. Unacquainted with, especi- ! 
ally with the roads of a country, locali- ; 
ty, house. ! 

Fu-BAKO, n. A lacquered box used for j 
carrying letters. i 

Fu-BATSU, {ugokattai). Unalterable, un- j 
changeable. _ j 

Fu-BEN. Inconvenient, incommodious, 
unsuitable. i 

Fl-ben. Not eloquent, slow of speech, 
not good at talking. : 

Fu-BiN, {satoTiaradzu). Not clever, not 
possessing much ability. 

Fc-BiN, «. Compassion, pity. I 

FuBiNGARi,-:;'z<,-^/rt, t. V. To be pitifiJ, ! 
compassionate. I 

Fu-BO, {chichi, hahd)^ n. Father and 
mother, parents. 

Fu-BUKI, n. Wind and snow, snow-storm. 

Fu-BUN, n. A report, rumor. 

FuCHi, n. A border, rim, edge, margin, 
a bank. — wo tsukeru, to make a bor- 

FucHi, «. A deep pool or eddy of water. 

FuCHi, n. Rations in rice paid to offici- 
als, or soldiers. = five ^(3, = about i 
quart. Ichi iiin/uchi, rations for one 
man. — «z'«, a person in government 
employ. — tnai^ rice served out for ra- 

tions. Fuchi-kata^ the officer who 
serves out rations. 

Fu-CHiu. Unfaithful to a master, dis- 
loyal, dishonest. 

Fu-ch6. The marks or symbols \yhich 
merchants use for marking the price of 
goods, trade mark. . — ftida^2i ticket 
having the trade mark written on 

FiDA, n. A card, ticket, label. Kibuda^ 
a wooden ticket. — tsuki, labeled, 

Fu-DAN, (tayedzii). Uninterrupted, con- 
stant, continual ; usual, common. — 
zakura, a Camellia that blooms the 
whole year. — no tori, the usual way. 
— gi, everj'-day clothes. 

FuDA-NO-TSUji, n. A place in a city 
where the A-osaisu or the imperial 
edicts are posted. 

FuDA-s.^SHi, n. A licensed merchant who 

of govern- 


:hanges the rice ration; 
ment officials for money. 

FuDE, «. A pencil, pen. 
, a cup for washing pens in. 
a box for keeping pens 
kai, penmanship or way or writing. 
Fude-kakc, a pen rest. Fude-tname, 
expert or skilful in using the pen. 
Fude-nose, a pen rack. Fude-shiy 
a pen maker. Fudc-tate, a box for 
holding pencils or pens. Fitde-ya, a 
pen store, also a maker of pens. 

Fu-DEKASHi, ;/. A mistake, blunder. 

Fr-DEKi. Badly made, a poor crop. 

Fu-Do, {onajikaradzu). Unlike, differ- 
ent, uneven. 

FuDOKi, n. Topography. 

Fu-DOKU, n. Rheumatism. 

Y\:-DZVK\,-ku,-ita^ t. v. To deceive, trick, 
hoax, cheat. 

Fu-DZUTOME, «. Neglect of duty. 

FC-FU, n. Husband and wife. 

Fu-FUMMiv6, {akirkanaradzii). Not 
clear, not plain, unintelligible. 



Fu-GA. Elegant, in good taste, genteel, 

FuGAiNAi. A useless, unprofitable per- 

FC-GAN, n. Catarrhal ophthalmia. 

Fl-gi. Impropriety, immorality ; adul- 
tery, disloyalty. 

Fu-Gi, n. Customs, manners. 

Fu-Givo-Gi, n. Improper, immoral or 
disorderly conduct. 

Fu-Giv6-j6, n. -Wickedness, abandoned, 
profligate or dissolute conduct. 

Fu-Givo-SEKi, n. Wickedness or immor- 
al conduct. 

Ff-Go. Matching, corresponding like the 
two parts of a seal. 

FuGO, «. A basket. 

Fu-GU, (pvioi-gakenu). Unexpected, un- 
thought of. 

Fu-GC, {sonawaradzn). Maimed, de- 
formed, crippled. 

FuGU, n. A kind of poisonous fish. 

Yv-H¥.i,{iairaka-naradzu). Displeasure, 
uneasiness, irritation, vexation, discon- 

Fr-HEN-ji. To make no answer, to an- I 
swer roughly or uncourteously. ! 

Fr-Ho. Wicked, vicious, immoral, un- . 
principled, not conforming to rule or 

Fu-i, {oviorvadzn)^ adv. By chance, by j 
surprise, unexpected, accidental, off ! 
one's guard. ! 

Fui-CHo. To proclaim, publish, promul- 
gate, advertise, announce. 

FuiGO, n. A bellows. 

Fu-iN, n. A seal, or stamp. 

FO-JA, n. A cold. 

I'u-ji, {toki-naradzu'). Out of season, 
out of the regular order of time, irregu- 
lar, fortuitous, contingent, casual, in- 

Fuji, n. Wisteria chinensis. 

Fuji,-r«,-/a. To enclose or seal up a 
letter, to prohibit, forbid. Fuji-kome- 
ru, to enclose and seal up something 
inside of another. 

FrjiBAKAMA, n. The Valeriana villosa, 

Fr-jiN, {uasake no nai). Unkind, in- 
human, without love or pit}'. 

Fu-jiN, n. A woman. 

F(.-jiTSU, {titakoto no nni). False, un- 
true, insincere, hypocritical, unkind, in- 

Fi-jiTSU, (hodo nakuj. In a short time, 
in a few days. 

Fu-ji-vu, or Fuju. Not as a person would 
like, disagreeable, annoying, un- 
pleasant, uncomfortable, inconvenient, 

Ft: -JO, ( sadainaradzu ) . Uncertain, not 

Fu-j6. Unclean, filthy, dirty, foul, de- 

Fu-jo. Help, aid, assistance. — suruy 
to help. 

Fr-juN, ( shitagauiadzu ) . Unfavorable, 
bad, contrary, adverse. 

Fu-KA, n. A shark. 

Fu-KA, (shikaradzu) . Not right, should 
not be. 

FuKAi,-/^/,-/^;^,-^,^/, a. Deep, profound. 
Fiikai ka asai ka, is it deep or shal- 
low ? Fukaku. — suru, to deepen, 
— naru^ to be deep. Vo ga fukaku 
itatte, the night is far spent. 

Fu-KAKi', n. Loss, injury, defeat. 

Fu-KAKO-GO. Without forethought or 
preparation, careless, heedless, impro- 

Fu-KAN-NiN, «. Impatience, without 

FuKASE,-r«,-i'rt. To let or make blow, 
sweep, or roof. IVataktislii ni fuye 
1V0 fukashite kudasare^ let me blow 
your flute. 

FuKASA, n. The depth. 

Fi KASHi,-j«,-^2, t. V. To cook by steam- 

FuK.\SHiGi, (otnoi-hakaru bekaradzu). 
Incomprehensible, inconceivable. 

FuKE, n. Dandruff, scurf on the 

FL'KE,-r«,-^rt, i. V. To grow old, to 
grow late, to become stale. 

Fi.KE,-;-i^,-^rt, /. V. To be placed on a 
roof, roofed, can roof. 

FuKE,-r«,-/a, i. V. To be mildewed, 

Fu-KEI, (uyamaivanu). Disrespectful, 
irreverent, impolite. 

Fu-KEI, (kes/ttkz,j n. Landscape, scen- 

Fu-KEi-Ki, n. Dull, no business or trade, 
no bustle, still, quiet ; plain, coarse. 

FuKERi,-r«,-M, /. V. To be addicted to, 
given up to, absorbed or immersed 

FuKESo, n, A kind of strolling musi- 

FiKE-TA, n. Marshy, swampy land. _ 

Fu-KETSU. Dirty, unclean, foul, im- 

FuKi,-;^«,-zVa, t. V. To blow. Fttki- 
agerii, to blow up, to cause to ascend 
by blowing. Fuki-chtrasu ^ to scatter 
by blowing. Fnkt-dasu, to blow out. 
Fuki-hanats7i. to blow apart, or sepa- 
rate by blowing. Fiiki-haran, to blow 
away, blow off. Fuki-kaker^c, to blow 
upon. Fuki-kayesu., to blow over, up- 




set by blowing ; to come to life, to be- 
gin to breathe again. Fiiki-kesu^ to 
blow out, extinguish by blowing. Fu- 
ki-kotnii^ to blow into ; blown in by the 
wind. Fuki-koioasu ^ to break by blow- 
ing, broken by the wind- Fuki-ta- 
osie, to blow over anything standing. 
Fitki-toru^ to tear off b}' blowing, blown 
off by the wind. Fuki-ibsiiy to blow 
through, as a tube. Fiiki-zvareru, to 
refine metals, to separate the dross. 
Fuki-yauiii^ to cease blowing. 

FuKi,-/&«.-?Va, /. V. To roof, to cover 
with a roof. Fuki-kayerit^ to re-roof, 
put on a new roof. 

FuKi,-/&z/,-/Vrt, t. 7'. To wipe. 

FuKi, «. The Nardosmia japonica. 

FuKi-DE-MONO, n. An eruption on the 

FuKi-DZUTSU, «. A blow-gun. 

Fu-KIGEN, «. Not in good spirits, out of 
temper, bad humor, displeased. 

Fu-KiN, n. An organ. 

FiKiN, n. A towel, a napkin. 

FuKi-NAGASHi, K. A Streamer, a kind of 

Fli-kitsu. Unlucky. 

FuKi-VA, «. An arrow blown out of a 
blow-gun. — no tsutsu, a blow-gun. 

Fi-Kivo, n. Displeasure, ill -humor, 

FuKKi, or Fu-Ki, ftomi tattoki). Rich 
and noble, rich, wealthy. 

P\-KKO, fmukaski ni tachi-modoru ) . 
Returning to ancient usages and cus- 

Fu-k6. Unfilial, disobedient to parents. 

Fu-k6, (shiraseru). A public notice, 
notification. — suru^ to publish, noti- 
fy- . 

Fu-k6, n. Misfortune, calamity, ill- 

FtKosso, or FuKOTSU, n. Caries of the 

Fu-KU, (soyeru). Assistant, adjutant, 
vice. Fuku-sho-gun^ adjutant-general. 

FuKU, (hara). The belly, abdomen. 
Do fuku no kiyodai^ children of the 
same mother. 

FiKU, ( kayeru) . — suru^ to restore, 
return. Fukkuivan^ to resign an of- 

FuKL'. Prosperity, luck, good fortune, 
wealth. — tio kami^ the god of wealth, 
or luck. 

Fuku, n. Clothing ; the numeral for 
doses of medicine, smokes of tobacco. 
I7)tibuku or mo/tiku^ mourning clothes. 
I-/uku, clothes. 

Fuku. The numeral for pictures, maps. 
Kakemono ippuku^ one picture. 

FuKUBE, n. A calabash, gourd. 

Fi KU-BiKi, n. A kind of game in which 
prizes are drawn ; a lottery. 

FuKU-HEi, 71. An ambush. 

Fi KU-ju, (tsuki shitagau ) — suru^ to 
follow, adhere to, obey, as a teacher. 

FuKU-jr-so. The Adonis sibirica. 

FuKUME,-r?/,-^rt, t. 7'.' To put into the 
mouth ; to feed with the mouth, as a 
bird its j^oung. 

FuKU.ME,-;'«,-^a, t. V. To dip into so as 
to take up or absorb a fluid, to wet. 

FuKU-MEN. Covering the face with a 
veil, a veil. — sJirUy to veil the face. 

FuKUMi-;««,-«dfrt t. V. To hold in the 
mouth, to keep or hold in the mind, to 
entertain, to comprehend, to contain, 
to include, to absorb, as a sponge. 

FuKURAHAGi, «. The calf of the leg. 

FL'KURASHi,-.$-«,-^a, caust. of Fukurerii. 
To inflate, distend, to cause to swell. 

FL:KLRE,-r«,-2frt, i. V. To be inflated, 
distended, swollen, puffed up, to ex- 
pand, to be angry. 

FuKURiN, n. An ornamented border. 

YvK.\j-^\\j^ (kara-tate). Anger. — su- 
nt^ to be angr>'. 

Flkuro, n. A bag, sack, pouch. Kobu- 
kuro^ 2l small bag, the womb. O-fu- 
kuro, mother. Te-btikuro^ a glove. 

FuKURO, n. An owl. 

FuKURO-DO, n. A closet closed by a 
paper screen. 

FuKURU-.MACHi, n. A street closed at 
one end. 

FuKUSA, n. A silk cloth used for wrap- 
ping, or covering. 

FuKUSHi,-.r«,-/«, i. V. To be hidden, con- 
cealed ; to submit, yield, acquiesce in ; 
to cause to submit, subjugate, to bring 
into obedience, to convict ; to take 

FuKU-SHi, n. Vice-ambassador. 

FuKU-SHiN. Faithful, constant, obedient. 
— fto kerai^ a faithful servant. 

FuKU-SHo, «. Adjutant -general, the 
second in rank to a general-in-chief. 

FuKU-SHU, (kataki wo utsii ) . — suru^ 
to take vengeance on an enemy, to re- 

FuKUSUKE, n. A person of short stature 
and large head, a dwarf. 

FuKU-TSU. f/iara no itamij n. Colic, 
pain in the abdomen. 

Fu-KUWA. To be changed, altered in 
character, reformed. 

Fu-KUWAi, (kokoro yokaradzrt). Un- 
well, indisposed, sick, out of humor, 
displeased, to be on bad terms. 

FuKU-VAKU, ( kusuri wo nomu). To 
take medicine. 


FuKU-z6-NASHi, (di kakiisu koto nashi). 
Without concealment. 

FuMASE,-rz<,-jfrt, t. V. To cause to walk 
on, tread, or step on. 

FuMAYE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To tread 
step on. 

FuMBARi,-rz^,-^^a, i. v. To spread out 
the legs, to strut. 

FuMBATAKARi,-r?<,-/^a, /. V. To straddle, 
to strut, to walk with a proud gait, to 

FuM-BETSU, {wakimayey) n. Intelligence, 
cleverness, judgment, discrimination, 
discernment ; a plan, expedient. — 
suruy to judge of, discriminate. 

FuME,-r«,-^rt, /. V. To be trod or step- 
ped upon ; to be estimated or ap- 

Fu-Mi, 71. Flavor, taste. 

FuMi, n. A writing of any kind, a book, 
a letter. 

FvMi,-7>iu,-fida, t. V. To tread on, to 
step on, walk on, trample on ; to esti- 
mate or guess at the price of a thing. 
Fiinii-arasUy to destroy, spoil or lay 
waste by treading or walking over. 
Fiimi-kadakarn^ to straddle or stand 
with the legs stretched apart. Funii- 
hadzusit^ to make a misstep, to trip, 
stumble. Fic»ti-kaia7nern^ to harden 
by treading or walking on. Fumi-ko- 
mUy to step into. Fiimi-korosu, to kill 
by treading or stamping on. Fu7ni- 
koye7-iey to walk across, tread over, step 
across. Fumi-kudaku^ to break by 
treading on, to stamp to pieces. Fu77ii- 
fttayouy to wander from the way. Ft<- 
vii-7taosUy to regain one's footing, to 
correct a misstep. Fn7iti-narasH, to 
make a noise with the feet in walking ; 
to level by treading on. Fiuni-nijini^ 
to crush, or grind with the foot or heel. 
Fui7ii-okasu, to tread upon, (of some- 
thing dangerous). Fiaiii-otosiiy to 
throw down by treading on, as any- 
thing from a height. Fu7)ii-taosu, to 
throw over by stepping on, as anything 
standing. Fumi-todomaru^ to halt, 
make a stand. Fu7ni-tsubusUyXQ>\>x&zSiy 
crush, or mash with the foot, to stamp 
to pieces. Fuj/ti-tsukeru^ to tread on, 
step on, treat with contempt, to trample 

FuMi-BAKO, «. A box used for carrying 
letters, a dispatch box. 

FuMi-DAN, «. A stepping-block, a step- 
ladder, stool, 

Fu-Mi-MOCHi, «. Misconduct, misbe- 

FuMMiYo. Clear, plain, distinct. 

Fu-m6. Waste, uncultivated, barren. 



FuMOTO, «. The base or foot of a moun- 

FuM-PATSU. To become, ardent, eager, 
zealous ; to be excited, or roused to 
action from idleness or inactivity. 

Fun, n. The tenth part of a Mojjuiie^ 
= i6 grs. Troy. //>/««, one fun, 7iz- 
fuTty two fun. 

Fun, {ko^ n. Fine powder. Kim-piin^ 
gold-dust, powdered gold. Gi7/i-p2t?iy 
powdered silver. Me7n-pii7iy wheat- 
flour. Tep-pii7iy powdered iron. 

Fun, n. Dung, faeces. 

FuNA, n. A kind of river fish, carp. 

FuNA-ASOBi, 71. Boating for pleasure, 
§oat excursion. 

FuNABA, 7t. A place where boats or ships 
are used ; a seaport. 

FuNA-BASHi, 71. A bridge of boats, a 
pontoon bridge. 

FuNA-BATA, 71. The gunwale of a boat, 
or bulwarks of a ship. 

FuNA-BiTO, 71. Sailors, boatmen. 

FuNA-CHiN, «. Boat hire, freight. 

FuNA-DAiKU, 71. A ship-carpenter, a 
ship-builder, boat-builder. 

FuNA-DAYORi, {bhise)!^) 71. Ship oppor- 
tunity ; opportunity to go or send by a 

FuNA-DOiYA, 71. A commission house for 
goods brought by ship, a shipping 

FuNA-Dzu.Mi, 71. Loading a ship. 

FuNA-GAKARi, 71. Anchoring, or making 
fast a ship or boat. 

FuNA-GASSEN, or FuNA-iKusA, 71. A naval 

FuNA-GOYA, 71. A housc Or shed under 
which ships or boats are built or kept. 

FuNA-GURA, n, A dock for keeping ships 
or boats. 

FuNA-ji, n. The way, or distance by 
ship ; the route of a ship. 

FuNA-KATA, 71. Sailors, boatmen. 

Fu^fA-KO, «. A sailor, boatman. 

FuNA-KOBORi, 71. A person saved from 

FuNA-MANjO, n. A ship's prostitute. 

FUN.A.-MOCHI, 71. A ship-owner. 

FuNA-OROSHi, n. Launching a ship. 

FuNA-osA, 71. The captain of a ship. 

FuNA-TSUKi, 71. A place where boats or 
ships stop, or anchor. 

FuNA-UTA, n. A boat song. 

FuNA-WATASHi, n. A ferry. 

FuNA-YADO, 71. A sailor's inn, a boat- 

FuNA-YOSOi, «. Fitting out or preparing 
a ship for passengers. 

FuNA-YU.SAN, «. A boat excursion for 

FUN 38 

FuNA-zoKO, n. A ship's bottom. j « 

FuN-DEi, «. A kind of gilt paint. 

FuNDo, or FuNDON, «. The weights of a 

weighing beam, or scales. 
Fux-DO, n. Anger. 

FuNDOSHi, n. The cloth worn around 
the loins by Japanese, waist-cloth. 

FuNE, fi. A boat, ship ; a vat, the large 
tub in a bath-house. 

FuNE-HiKi-.MiCHi, «. A tow-path. 

FuN-GOMi, n. A kind of pantaloon tied 
around the knee, breeches. 

Fu-Ni-Ai. Unbecoming, not to fit, un- 
suitable, improper. 

Flniku, n. Gangrene, mortification^ 

Fu-MN-j6. Unkind, inhuman, cruel, 
without natural affection. 

Fu-.N'iN-s6, n. A bad physiognomy. 

Fu-niyo-h6, (/id no gotoku naradsu). 
Contrary to rule or law, unlawful, im- 
moral, depraved, dissolute. 

Fu-Nivo-I, [kokoro no otno yd ni nara- 
dzu). Not to one's mind, disagreeable, 
unpleasant, annoying, offensive, incon- 

FuN-jiTSU. To lose. — skzta, have 

FuN-KOTSU, {hone wo ko ni surti). To 
pulverize the bones ; to exert to the 
utmost, to labor to do, do with one's 

Fu-NORi, n. A wafer, sealing-wax, gum 
used for sealing letters. 

FuNORi, n. A kind of sea-weed, used for 
glazing and starching. 

FuN-RiN, 71. A grain, the smallest par- 

FuNRiu, n. An encysted tumor, wen. 

Fu.MUKE, n. Foolish, silly, stupid, an 
ass, blockhead. — }ne^ a fool. 

FuNZORi,-r«,-;f/tj, /. v. To plant the 
feet against anything and stretch or 
curve the body while lying down. 

Fu-RACHi, a. Wicked, vicious, unprin- 
cipled, abandoned, lawless. 

FuRA-FURA, adv. In a limber manner, 
unsteadjf, tottering, dizzy. 

FuR.ARi-TO, adv. In a thoughtless, care- 
less manner, ramblingly. 

FL;RASHi,-j«,-/a, To cause to shake, or to 

FuRASUKO, n. A flask, bottle. 

FuRA-TSUKi,-y^?^-/Vrt, /. V. To be shaky, 
trembling, unsteady, loose, tottering. 

FuRE,-r«,-/«, t. V. To touch, hit, strike 
against in passing ; to graze, brush 
against ; to publish, make known, pro- 
mulgate. Me ni — , to get a glimpse 
of. Kiini no ikari ni fureta., to incur 
the master's anger. Jiko ni fureru.^ 
to be affected by the climate. Yamai 


ni fiireru ^ to contract disease. Ki ni 
— , to offend, to hurt the feelings. 0~ 
fure.^ a government proclamation. 
Ft"RE,-r«,-z'<t, i. V. Turned or bent from 
the proper or straight line, deflected, 
canted, inclined. Ki ga fiireta, to be 
out of one's mind. 
FrRE-CHiR.\SHi,-j-«,-^a, t. V. To circu- 
late, give publicity, make known here 
and there. 

FuRE-D.^SHi,-j«,-^rt, t. V. To publish, 
make proclamation, circulate a no- 

FuRE-GAKi, n. A proclamation, a pub- 
lic notice. 

Fu-REi, — sum. to notify, publish, make 
known publicly. 

FuRE-NAOSHi,-jM,-^d;, t. V. To issue a 
notice correcting or countermanding a 
previous order. 

FuRESHi;ME,-r//,-;rt. To cause to be pub- 
lished, to make another to publish. 

FuRE-SHiRASE,-r«,-z'rt, i. V. To make 
known by proclamation, to publish 
abroad, to tell publicly. 

FuRi,-ri/,-^/ij;, i. V. To fall as rain, snow, 
hail, frost. Furiso^ having the ap- 
pearance of rain. Furi-tsudzuku^ to 
rain several days in succession. 

FuRi,-ru,-iia, t. V. To brandish, wave, 
flourish, to shake, to turn away. Furi- 
kanaisii, to shake off, shake loose. 
Furi-harau., to shake off, as dust. Fu- 
ri-kakeru, to sprinkle. Furi-kayc- 
ru, to look round, to look back, to turn 
anything round. Furi-ki> u. to part 
in two by shaking. Furi-komera?-e~ 
ru., detained in the house by rain. 
Fiiri-ntawasu, to brandish about. 
Furi-7nnkti, to turn round towards, to 
face. Furi-sake-7niru, to look up at. 
Furisode^ long pendulous sleeves. 
Ftiri-sutcru. to throw away, to fling 
away. Fiiri-tsukeru^ to turn away 
from in dislike. 

FuRi,-r«,-Wa, t. V. To pass, or spend 

Furi, n. Numeral for swords. Tachi 
sa77tburi^ three long swords. 

Furi, n. Manners, behavior, deport- 
ment, air, gait, carriage. Nari-fu7i, 
the dress, style of dress. Minti fun 
1V0 suru, to act as if not seeing. 

FuRi-Ai, n. Usual practice, usage, cus- 
tom, example. 

FuRi-DASHi.-j«.-M, t. V. To shake out, 
to begin to rain. 

Fu-RIN, n. A small bell hung up to be 
shaken by the wind. 

Fu-Riu, a. Genteel, refined, elegant, 
classical, chaste. 




FuRi-URi, ft. A peddler, one who hawks 

goods about. 
FuRi-WAKE-GAMi, «. Long hair hanging 

down the back. 
Fu-Riv6-KEN, n. False judgment, mista- 
ken opinion. 

FuRi-zoRA, «. A cloudy sky that looks 
like rain. 

FuRO, n. A bath-tub ; a box for drying 
lacquered ware in, an oven, a small 
culinary furnace. Mushi-buro^ a va- 

Fu-r6, Never growing old, always young. 

FuRO-BA, n. A bath-room. 

Furo-fuki, n. A kind of food made of 
boiled radishes. 

FuROKU, n. An appendix to a book. 

Furoshiki, n. A cloth used for wrap- 
ping, a handkerchief. 

FuRUBi,-;-/^,-/rt, z. V. To be old and 
faded ; time-worn. 

FuRU-DoGU, ft. Old furniture. — ya, a 
shop where old furniture is sold. 

FuRU-Gi, u. Old clothes. 

FuRU-GiRE, n. Old rags. 

FuRUi, u^-uiia^ I. V. To shake ; to sift, 
to tremble, shiver, shudder ; to exer- 
cise power or influence over others. 
Furui-'wakeru^ to separate by sifting 
or shaking. 

FuRL'i, n. A sieve. 

FuKUi, n. A trembling, tremor, shaking, 

¥vRVi,-k2\-kzf,-s/it, a. Old, not new, 
ancient, stale, decayed by time. Fu~ 
rukii natta^ has become old. Furuku 
suru, to make look old and faded. 

FuRU-KANE, n. Old metal. 

FuRU-KrsAi,-/i'/,-/^-?<, a. Old fashioned, 
antiquated, ancient, obsolete. 

FuRLMAi, n. Deportment, behaviour, 
conduct, a feast, entertainment. 

¥\:Ri\i\i-au-atta, t. v. To entertain, 
to treat, to feast. 

Flrumekashii,-^?,-^'m, a. Old, anti- 
quated, ancient, obsolete, 

Flrl'SA, n. The oldness, antiquity. 

Furu-sato, n. Native place, place of 
one's birth. 

FuRUTE, n. Second-hand articles of any 
kind. — ya., a second-hand clothing 

FuRU\vASHi,-.<r«,-/rt, /. V. To cause to 
shake or tremble. 

FiSA, 71. A tassel ; numeral for flowers, 
bunches of grapes. Biido hito fusa^ 
one bunch of grapes. 

FLSAGARi,-r«,wt/M, i. V. To be shut, 
closed ; obstructed, blocked up ; to be 
filled up or occupied ; to be gloomj-, in 
low spirits. i 

A balloon. 

. A hem, to lay and sew a 

FusAGi,-^«,-zflrrt, t. V. To shut, close ; 
to stop up, block up, obstruct ; to plug 
up, to dam up ; to be in low spirits, 
gloomj\ Ki ga fusaide orii.^ to 
be gloomy. 

Fu-SAi, Without talent, no ability, stu- 

FusASAKURA, u. The verbena. 

FLSASE,-r?<,-i'a, To cause to lie down, to 
put to sleep. 

FusAWANu, Not suitable, not appropriate, 

Fuse, n. Alms given to priests. — ivo 
sum., to give alms. Fuse-mots ii^ alms. 

FLiSEGi,-^«,-/'</a, t. V. To ward off, to 
keep off, shut out, fend off, to resist, to 
repel, oppose. Fusegi-tatakau^ to 
fight off, to fight and oppose. 

FusEGO, 71. A large basket. 

Fu-SEi, a. Indolent, slothful, lazy, inac- 

Fu-SEN, n 


FusERi,-r«,-2'a, t. v. To he down, re- 
cline, to sleep, to turn bottom up. 

FuSE-ZEi, n. An ambuscade. 

FusHi,-j,Y,-^a, /. V. To he down, re- 
cline ; to bend down, to stoop, to lie 
in ambush ; prostrated. Fuski-tiiaro- 
iiiy to fall and roll over. Fuski-ogatnu, 
to fall down and worship. 

Fu-SHi, (oya-ko,) n. Father and child. 

Fu-SHi, Never dying, immortal. 

Fu-SHi, «. Gall-nuts. 

Fu-SHi, n. Teacher. 

Fu-SHi, 71. A joint, knot; notes, or 
tones of music. Fzishi-bnshi.^ the 
joints. Fiishi ana, a knot hole. 

Fu-SHi-AWASE. Unfortunate, misfortune, 
bad luck, calamity. 

FusHi-DO, 71. A chamber, the lair of a 
wild beast. 

FusHi-DZUKE, 7t. Setting songs to music, 
affixing the musical notes ; also the 
punishment of crucifixion by driving 
the nails through the joints. 

Fu-SHi-Gi, Strange, wonderful, surpris- 
ing, marvellous, miraculous, supernatu- 

FuSHI-KURE-DACHI,-^J2/,-^/a, t. V. To be 

uneven, full of knots. 

FuSHiME, n. A knot of wood 

Fu-SHIN, Doubtful, suspicious, strange. 

Fu-SHiN, Building, constructing, repair- 
ing. — suru, to construct, to build. 

FO-SHiTSU, 71. Rheumatism. 

FuSHo, — sum., to rest satisfied with, to 
make do, to be content with, to put up 
with, to bear patiently. 

Fu-sh6, {suguredzu.) Unpleasant, disa- 




greeable ; unwell, indisposed. Fusho- 
busho ni^ nolens volens. 

Fu-sh6, {ntdzu.) Stupid, silly, ignorant, 
awkward, inexperienced, unworthy. 

Fu-sh6-Chi, Not consenting, unwilling, 
not conscious of. 

Fu-SHOKU, «. Loss of appetite. 

FusoKA, n. Chinese hybiscus. 

FusoKU, {taranu.) Deficient, not 
enough, inadequate, wanting, discon- 
tent. — wo iu, to complain, find 

Fu-s6-d, a. Unsuitable, unbecoming, in- 
congruous, inconsistent with. 

Fu-SOROI, a. Uneven, not equal, not 
uniform ; not full, not complete in 

FusuBE,-r«,-i'rt:, t. V. To smoke, to ex- 
pose to smoke, to fumigate. 

FusuBE-iRO, n. Smoky color. 

FusuBORi,-r«,-/^rt, /. V. To be smoked, 
to be fumigated, color changed or made 
dirty by smoke, smoky. 

Fusuji, a. Unjust, improper. 

FusuMA, n. Sliding screens covered with 
wall paper, also a bed quilt ; bran. 

FuTA, n. A lid, cover. 

FuTA, n. A scab. 

FuTA, Two. Futa-mata, forked. Futa- 
tabi\ twice, again. Futa-nart\ herma- 
phrodite. Fzita-itoko^ second cousin. 
Fttta-gokoro^ double hearted, false. Fu- 
ta-michi^ two ways. Fiita-oya^ pa- 

FuTAGO, «. Twins. 

FO-TAI, n. The tare of goods ; the tas- 
sels of a picture. 

Fu-T.-VME. Not for one's interest or ad- 
vantage, prejudicial, unhealthy, impol- 

FuTAMEKi,-y^«,-zVa, i. V. To pant with 
alarm or excitement, to be flurried, agi- 

FuTANO, n. A cloth worn by women 
around the loins. 

FuTARi, n. Two persons, both persons. 

— dzure de yuku, to go together. 


FuTAVE. Two ply, double, two layers. 

— ^(3i7iz, bent in the loins, as old peo- 
ple with age. 

YuTK.-ru,-ta, i. V. To be offended and 
mood}', to be sulky, to pout, or be in a 
pet, to be miffed. 

Fu-TEGiWA. Badly made, coarsely fin- 
ished, unskilled, bungling. 

Fu-TEi, n. Manner, deportment, ap- 

Fu-TEKi. Fearless, bold, daring, auda- 

Fu-TE-MAWARi. Not active in doing. 

not able to do perfectly, completely or 

FuTO, adv. Suddenly', unexpectedly, by 
chance, accidentally, casually. 

FuTO, «. A Buddhist pagoda. Futo ski, 
a priest. 

Fu-TODOKI, a. Audacious, atrociou.s, 
daring, despising the restraints of law or 

FuTOi,--i/,-/4'?<,-vy,^/, a. Thick or large in 
diameter, big, coarse ; daring, audacious. 
Kiiito ga — , bold, courageous. Futoku 
naru., to become large. 

FuTOKORO, «. The bosom or pocket made 
by the folds of the clothes about the 

Fu-TOKU-i, a. Unskilled, not an adept in, 
not versed in. 

Fu-TOKU-SHiN. Without Consent, not as- 
senting, not thoroughly understanding. 

FuTOKU-TAKUMASHiKi. Spirited, mettle- 
some, fiery. 

FuTO-MOMO, «. The thigh. 

FuTO-.MONO, n. Coarse goods, especially 
cotton goods, or cotton clothes. 

Futon, n. A mattrass, a quilted bed- 
cover, a cushion. Zabuton., a cushion 
for sitting on. 

FuTORi,-r«,-i'^a, I. V. To be large, fat, 

FuToRi, n. A thick kind of coarse silk 

FuTOS-A, «. The largeness, the size., n. France. — go., the French 
language. ^ 

Fu-Tsu. No communication, no inter- 
course, no dealings,, 

FuTSUDZUKA, a. Improper, stupid, silly, 
ignorant, clownish. 

Fu-tsu-g6, a. Inconvenient, incommod- 
ious ; troublesome, annoying. 

Futsu-ka, The second day of the month ; 
two days. 

Fu-TSUKI-Ai, a. No friendship, no inter- 
course, no intimacy, distant or cool to 
each other. 

Fu-TSURi-.Ai, a. Not matching, dispropor- 
tioned, not balancing. 

Fu-tsu-y6. Not current, not in use, or 
generally received. 

FuTTEi, a. Scarce. 

FuTTo, {tuaki-agaru). — suru., to foam, 

Fu-WA, {yWivay-agadzu). On bad terms, 
unfriendly, disagreeing, no concord. 

FuwA-FUWA, adv. In a light, airy, buoy- 
ant manner, spongy, buoyantly. 

Fu-vvAKE, n. Dissection of a dead body, 
an autopsy. — wo sum., to dissect a 
dead body. 

FuwARi-TO, adv. In a light and airy man- 

FUY 41 

ner, buoyantly, spongy. — tonde ku- 

Fv\ASHi,-su,-id, t. V. To cause to in- 
crease, to augment, to add to. Kiukin 
•wo /uyashite yaru., to increase the 

FuYE,-rM,-^a, /. V. To increase, multiply, 
spread, augment in number or bulk ; to 
enlarge, swell. 

FuYE, n. A flute, whisfle. 

FUYE, n. The wind-pipe. — wo tatsu, 
to cut the throat. 

Fu-VEKI, a. Without change, unchang- 
ing, immutable. Ban-dai /uyeki^ never 

Fu-YEKi, {^yeki mo nai^ a. Unprofitable, 

Fu-VEN, a. No affinity, no connection, 

FuYETSU, n. A kind of axe. 

Fu-v6, a. Not wanted, not needed, of no 
use, useless. 

Fu-y6-I. (kokoro tnochiidzu). Improvi- 
dent, neglect of preparation, unprepared. 


Fu-y6-j6. a. Careless of one's health, 
injurious to health, hurtful. 

Fuvu, n. Winter. — mono^ winter 

FuYu-GOMORi, n. Kept in by the cold, 
confined by the winter. 

Fu-YUKI-TODOKI. Not reaching to, or do- 
ing all that is required ; doing imper- 
fectly, remissly, or not thorough- 

FuYU-MEKi,-/t«,-zVa, i. V. Wintry, having 
the appearance of winter. 

Fu2AKE,-rM,-/a, /. V. To sport, romp, 
frolic, play. 

FuzAKE,-r«,-^«, /. V. To swell and soften, 
as rice when boiled. 

Fu-ZEI, w. Manner, appearance, like ; 
used also in speaking humbly of one's 

Fu-ZETSU, n, A report, rumor. 

Fu-zoKU, n. Customs, manners, usages. 

Fu-zoKU. Belonging to, property of, per- 
taining to, part of. 


Ga, (i.) Sign of the genitive case, = of., 

Watakuslu ga tame ni^ for my sake. 
(2.) designates the subject of an intrans- 
itive verb ; as, Aine ga furu^ it rains. 
(3.) as a conjunctive particle, = but. 
Itte mo yoi ga ika^tai ho ga yoroshii^ 
you may go, but it would be better if 
you did not. (4.) sometimes designates 
the subject of a transitive verb, same as 
•wo. Hanashi ga kikitai^ I want to 
hear what is said. 

Gachi, (from kachi to prevail). An affix, 
giving the word towhich it is joined 
the predominance in quantity or influ- 
ence ; as, kuromi-gachiy for the most 
part black. 

Gacho, n. A tame goose. 

Ga-gen, (tadashii kotoba). Correct, gen- 
teel, or classical language. 

Ga-i, {waga kokoro). One's own way, 
own will, own opinion, selfish ends. 

Gai, n. Injury, hurt, evil, damage. — 
suruy to kill, murder. Gaishin^ a cruel 

Gai-kotsu, n. The bones of dead per- 
sons ; skeleton. 

Gake, n. Precipice, a steep place. — 
michiy a road cut along a precipice. 

Gake. Coll. affix. = while, when. Aa- 
yert-gake, while returning. Ki-gake, 
while coming. Tdri-gake, while pass- 
ing. (2.) = quantity ; as, Sammai~ 
gake, three times as much (in sheets), 

Gaki, m, {uyetaru oni). A hungry spirit 
or devil. 

Gakkari, adv. Tired, fatigued, exhaust- 
ed ; startled, shocked. 

Gakki, n. A musical instrument. 

Gakko, n. A school, academy. 

Gakkuri, adv. Suddenly sinking down 
or losing strength, like a person faint- 

Gaku, n. Music. Gaku-nin., a musician. 
Saru - gaku, a musical exhibition or 

G.\KU, n. Learning, literature, science. 
— ja/, literary talents. 

Gaku, n. Tablets with painted figures 
or inscriptions on them, suspended in 
houses for ornament, or in temples as 
votive off"erings ; a picture, an ichibu. 
Gakudo, a small temple, in which vo- 
tive off'erings of pictures are hung ; a 
picture gallery. 

Gaku-mon, n. Learning, literature, sci- 


ence. — suru^ to study, to read, to ap- 
ply one's self to learning. — jo, a 

Gaku-Sha, n. A scholar, learned man. 

Gama, n. A bull-frog. 

Gama, n. The bullrush or cat's-tail. — 
mushiro, a mat made of rushes. 

Ga-man, n. Fortitude, patience, endur- 
ance, self-denial. — suru, to bear pa- 
tiently, endure. 

Gamashii. An affix similar to rashii, = 
like to, in the manner of. Kuro-gama- 
shiki, troublesome. Jd-dan-ganiaski- 
ku, waggish, mischievous. 

Gam-biyo, {vie no yamai^ n. Ophthal- 

Gam-butsu, {nise-mono,) n. Counterfeit, 

Gami-gami, adv. — iu, to scold, grumble, 
find fault. 

Gam-moku, (fnanako^ n. The eye ; im- 

Gam, «. A wild goose. 

Gan, n. A covering of wood, in which 
the coffins of person of rank are placed 
to convey them to the grave. 

GANARi,-r;/,-i'^a, z. v. To cry out, voci- 
ferate, talk in a loud voice. 

Gandochochin, n. A dark-lantern. 

Gan-gasa, n. An eruption on the legs, 
which appears in the fall and disappears 
in the spring. 

Gan-gi, n. Zig-zag. 

Gangozei, 71. A spook, ghost, hobgoblin. 

Gan-gu. Stupid, narrow-minded, and ob- 

Gan-ka, (;««■ no shitd). Beneath or be- 
low the eye. 

Gan-ko, {kataku nd). Bigoted, stupid, 
headstrong, narrow-minded, stubborn. 

Gan-kubi, n. The bowl of a tobacco- 

Gan-kutsu, (iwa ya^ n. A cave in the 

Gan-riki, n. Strength of eye, sharpness 
of sight. 

Gan-shoku, (kao no iro^ n. The com- 
plexion, or color of the face, the coun- 

Gan-s6-zai, n. A gargle, or mouth wash. 

Gan-zeki, n. Rocks. 

Gan-zen, {7ne no maye). Before the eyes, 
now, the present time. 

Ganzenai,-,^z,-j/zz', a. Without judgment, 
without understanding, ignorant. 

Gaori, -ru,-(^a, i. v. To be convinced 
and acknowledge one's self in the 
wrong, to yield assent to argument, to 
be crestfallen, humbled. 

Gappi, ifsuki hi,) n. Month and day ; 


Gara. a suffix to nouns, = kind, quality 
appearance, figure. Hito-gara ga yoi> 
a person of good appearance. Shima 
gara ga ivarui, stripes of that kind are 

Gara-gara, adv. The sound of rattling, 
like the falling of tiles, or of a wagon 
rattling over stones. 

Gara-kuta. -r*ddgu, the various articles 
of household furniture, spoken of those 
that are old and worn. 

Gar.\nch6, n. The cormorant. 

Ga-riu. Own peculiar style or manner, 
self-taught method or style. 

Gasatsu. Rough and coarse in manner, 

GAS-SHi,-i-«r«,-^a, t. V. (dwaseru). To 
join together, to unite. 

Gassai-bukuro, «. A traveling-bag made 
of cloth. 

Gassho, (te 1V0 awaseru). Joined hands, 
as in praying. 

Gassh6-dachi-ni. In the manner of the 
two hands placed together ; said also of 
two things standing on end and leaning 
Against each other at the top, 

Gasso. Unshaven headed. 

Gata-gata, adv. The sound of rattling, 
slamming. — /urn, to rattle. 

Gatapishi, adv. The sound of feet or 
wooden clogs, a pattering, or rattling 
noise. — to aruku. 

Gaten, suru, to consent, to assent, 
allow ; to understand, perceive. Gaten 
ga ^iikadzu, cannot understand, unin- 
telligible, strange, suspicious. — se- 
nai, cannot endure, or bear. 

Gatera. a suffix to verbs, same as na- 
gara, = while, at the same time that. 
Hanami gatera, while looking at the 
flowers. Yuki-gatera, while going. 

Gatsu-gatsu, adv. Hungry and vora- 
cious, ravenous. 

Gavendzuru, i. V. To consent, assent, 
be willing. — ya inaya, are you will- 
ing or not ? 

Gazami, n. A kind of sea crab. 

Gazen, adv. Suddenly. 

Ge. a syllable suffixed to adjectives and 
other words, = looks like, manner, ap- 
pearance ; as, Ureshi-ge na kao, a joy- 
ful countenance. Satfiu-ge, looked as 
if cold, or a cold appearance. Oshi-ge 
mo naku, not appearing to regret, or 

Ge, {shimo, shitd). Below, beneath, 
down, inferior, under ; low, mean, base ; 
to descend. — hai, the lower classes, 
inferiors. — gen, the last quarter of 
the moon. — ba, to dismount from a 
horse. — Jo, to alight from a norimon. 




—j'un, the last decade of a month, —j'o^ 
a servant girl. — «««, a man servant. 

— «?■«, a person of low caste. — raku, 
to fall in price. — rd, a low, vulgar 
fellow. — san^ to descend a mountain, 

— shoku^ mean employment. — za^ a 
lower seat. — hin^ inferior in quality. 

Gebi, -;-?/, -/a, i. v. To be low, vulgar, 
mean, base. 

Ge-bu, w. a class of officers whose duty 
it is to torture criminals in order to 
make them confess. 

Gebizo, n. A glutton, gourmand. 

Ge-dai, n. The name, or title on the 
outside of a book. 

Ge-dan, n. Lower step, grade, or de- 

Ge-d.\tsu, n. Deliverance or freedom 
from evil, salvation. — ivo yeru. 

Ge-doku, h. An antidote to poison. 

Gei, n. Polite accomplishments. Riku- 
gei^ the six accomplishments. — sha^ 
a dancing girl. 

Gei-Gei, adv. The sound of belching. 

Gei-ko, n. A dancing girl. 

Ge-ji, «. Command, order. — wo suru, 
to give orders. 

Geji-geji, n. A kind of insect of the 
family of Minapoda. 

Ge-jiki, n. Low in price, cheap. 

Ge-kan, 71. Disease of the genital organ. 

Ge-ketsu, ; ' ' • ' • ■■ • ' ■ 

Geki-ran, ; 

Geki-ron, n. An angry dispute or dis- 
cussion, altercation, wrangle. 

Gekkei, n. The menses. 

Gekkiu, n. Monthly wages. 

Ge-ko, n. A temperate person, one who 
does not drink spirits. 

Ge-kuvva, n. Surgery. — isha., a sur- 
geon. — dogu, surgical instruments. 

Gem-buku. The ceremony of shaving 
off the forelock, and changing the name 
of a young man, on arriving at the age 
of 15, who then becomes a man. — 

Gembutsu, n. Anything visible, things 

that are seen. 
Ge.mmai, n. Uncleaned rice. 
Gen, {kibishii). Severe, rigorous, strict. 

— kei, severe punishment. — batsu^ 
id. — 71161., strict orders. 

Gena. I hear that, is it so that. So da 
geTta-, I hear it is so. Alio hito Yedo 
kara kayey-iinashita gena., I hear that 
he has returned from Yedo. 

Genge, n. Clover, trefoil. 

Ge-ni, or Genimo, adv. Indeed, truly. 

GE.ii]\.,-dzu7'u,-jita., {a7-a'warertt), i. v. 

{chi-kuda7-i). A bloody 
Revolt, rebellion, insur- 

To be seen, to appear, to be visible, 

GENji,-r2<, or dztiru,-ta, {habtiku)^ t. v. 
To lessen, diminish, retrench, curtail, 
abbreviate, to wane. 

Genji-mame, 71. Sugared beans. 

Gen-ju, (kibishii). Strict, severe, rigor- 
ous, secure, strong, well-fortified. 

Gen-ka, 7t. A porch at the entrance of a 

Gen-ki, 7t. Natural vigor or strength, 
energy, stamina. 

Gen-kin, «. Ready money, money paid 
down on delivery of goods, cash. 

Genkotsu, 71. The knuckles, fist. 

Gex-so, 71. The essence, active princi- 
ple, extract. 

Gen-son, 71. Great-great-grand-child. 

Gen-zai, 71. The present time, the pres- 

Gen-ze. The present world, the present 

Geppo, n. The monthly wages, or pay. 

Geppu, (pkubi), 71. Belching. — surii^ 
to belch. 

Ge-ri, 71. DiarrhcEa. 

GE-SE,-r«,-/'rt, iiuakaru)., i. v. To un- 
derstand, comprehend, know. 

Ge-sen, {iyashii). Vulgar, low, mean, 

GESHi,-.r«r«,-/rt, (toku), t. V. To un- 
loose, to dissipate, disperse, dispel, to 
stop, to explain, to comment on. 

Ge-shi. 71. The summer solstice. 

Geshi-nin, 71. A murderer. 

GESUBARi,-r«,-z'i'a, i. v. To be low, vul- 
gar, mean. 

Gessui, 71. The menses. 

Ge-sui. 71. A drain, dirty water. 

Geta, n. Wooden clogs. — 710 ha., the 
two pieces of wood under the sole. 

Getsu, 71. The moon, month. Ichi 
getsit., one month ; 7it ka getsu., two 
months. Geisu-ya, a moonlight night. 

Ge-z.a.1, w. Purgative medicine. 

Gi. Right, just, proper; faithful, pa- 
triotic ; meaning, signification ; affair, 
business, = koto. Ichi gi 7ii 7710 oyoba- 
dzu., made no objection. Migi 710 gi. the 
above matter. — hei., a loyal soldier. 

Gi-BUTSU, (itstiwari 7710710)^ 71. Countep- 
feit, spurious. 

Gl-HITSU, {itsuwari-fude.) 71. A forged 
writing, forgery. 

Gi-gei, «. Arts and sciences. 

Gi-jo, 7t. A singing girl. 

Gi-jo, «. A rule, law, statute, ordinance. 

GiKKURi, adv. Startled, alarmed, with 
sudden apprehension. 

GiMMi, 7t. Examination, inspection, 
judging, inquiry, choosing. 




Gi-MON, (uttagatte to). Being in doubt 
about anything to inquire about it, 

GiM-PAKU, n. Silver plated. 

Gin, (shirokane)., n. Silver. Gin-sekai, 
ground covered with snow. Gin-dei^ a 
kind of silver paint. — shu^ a capital- 
ist, one who advances the money. — 
JM, silver coin. — zrt, a mint. — 2a/- 
ku, silver ware. 

GiN-DZURU, (ittau), t. V. To sing. 

GiN-GA, n. The milky way. 

GiN-NAN, n. A small white nut, the fruit 
of the Ichd tree. 

Gi-NEN, {utagau omoi)^ n. Doubt, sus- 

GiRi, n. Right, just, that which is pro- 
per, just or reasonable; meaning, sig- 

GiRi-DATE, n. Doing justly, or -acting 
kindly to others. 

GiRi-GiRi, n. The crown of the head ; 
the very lowest price. 

Giro-giro, adv. Bright, shining, glitter- 

Gi-RON, n. Debate, discussion, reason- 
ing, argument. 

GiRqTSLKi,-/^M-zVa, i, V. To be bright, 
shining, glittering. 

Gi-SHiKi, n. Etiquette, forms of cere- 

Gi-SHiN, {utagau kokoro)., n. Doubt, 

GiTCHo, «. A left-handed person. 

GiTCHo, n. A toy-shaped like a wooden 

Giu, {us/iz), n. An ox, cow. — niku, 
beef. — ^a, cow and horse. — raku., 

Giu-Hi. A kind of confectionary. 

Giu-To, (uye-bdso)^ n. Vaccine disease. 
— wo uyeru^ to vaccinate. 

Gi-WAKU, (utagai), n. Doubt, suspicion, 

GiVAKU, (okori), n. Intermittent fe- 

GivAKU. Contrary, adverse, opposite, 
rebellious, traitorous. — ni nagareru, 
to flow backwards. — suru^ to oppose, 
to be adverse. — Giyaku-fu., a con- 
trary wind. Giyakit-i. treason, treach- 
erj'. Giyaku-jo^ congestion or rush 
of blood to the head, dizziness, 
vertigo. Giyaku-skin^ a treach- 
erous or disloyal servant. Giyaku-zan, 
an unnatural labor. Giyaku-zoku, 
a traitor, rebel. 

GiVAMAN, n. Glass. 

Givo, (?<w<7), «. Fish. Tai-giyo, z.\s.Tg& 
fish. — y"K, a fisherman. — rut, the 
fish class of living beings. — td^ fish- 

Givo, n. Business, occupation, liveli- 

Givo. An epithet applied to the Mika- 
do, Imperial. — i. Emperor's clothes. 

— ken^ Emperor's swords. — sura., 
to govern, rule, manage ; to drive 
horses, to act as a charioteer. Kuru- 
via 111 notte uma -mo giyo suru, — 
ska, a driver, coachman. 

GiYo, n. Religious austerities or discip- 
line. The numeral for rov/s. Go — , 
the five elements. Giyo-i, the white 
clothes worn by pilgrims. 

GiYo-Do, n. The motion or progression 
of a heavenly body in its orbit, the or- 

Givo-DZUi, n. Bathing with warm water. 

Givo-Gi, n. Actions, conduct, behavior, 
deportment, manners, order. 

Giv6-Giv6SHii,-.4'/', kii^ a. Shrieking as in 
sudden fright or anger ; noisy, clamor- 

Givo-jAj n. One who practices religious 
austerities, goes on a pilgrimage or 
performs any religious work, a her- 

Givo-ji, n. An umpire, or judge, as of 

Givo-jo, n. Actions, conduct. 

Givo-jo-SHO, n. A biography, memoir. 

Givo-KETSU, — suru, to congeal, coagu- 

GivoKKo, «. /A lapidary, one who cuts 
and polishes stones. 

Givo-KO, — sum, to coagulate. 

Givo-retsu, n. Procession, ranks, parade. 

— sztru, to parade, march. 
GivoRiU, «. The Tamarix Chinensis. 
Givo-SA, «. Conduct, actions. 
Givo-SAN. Very many, amazingly great. 
GiYo-SEi, w. Condition, state, aspect of 


Givo-SEKI, n. Conduct, actions, doings. 

GiYo-TAi, n. Congelation, solidification ; 
a tumor, or hard swelling. — suru, to 
harden, congeal. 

Givo-TEi, n. Business, occupation. 

GiYo-TEN. Amazement. — suru, to be 
amazed, astonished, surprised. 

GiYOTTO, adz'. In an astonished, sur- 
prised manner. 

Gi-ZETSU, «. Breaking off friendly rela- 
tions or intimacy. 

Go. A term of respect or politeness used 
in addressing a superior ; = honorable, 
excellent ; but frequently only equiva- 
lent, in English, to you, your. Go-yo, 
government service. Go-hatto, govern- 
ment prohibition. Go kanai, your 
(honor s) wife. Go-shisoku, your son. 
Go-chiso, your entainment. Go-seisu 





iva go mottomo de go-zarimasu^ what 
you say, Sir, is quite true. 

Go, «. Beans mashed into paste for 
making tofu^ also by dyers to limit 
colors. Mame no — . 

Go {itsiitsu), 7t. Five, yu-go^ fifteen. 
Go-ju, fifty. Go bic^ five pa:rts, half an 
inch. Gobii-ichi, one-fifth. Go-nin^ 
five persons. Go-tabi^ five times. Go 
guwatsH, the fifth month. Go ka getsu, 
five months. — ^rt«, the live senses. 

Go, «. The game of checkers. Goishi^ 
the round pieces used in playing. 

Go, n. The set time, appointed time, 
fixed time. Hi wo — suru^ to set a 
day. Toki wo — suru^ to appoint an 

Go («a shirttskt). — suru^ to call, name, 

Go (tsuyoi). Strong, powerful, stout, 
brave, intrepid. — teki^ a powerful 
enemy. — skokti, a great eater, glut- 
ton. — j/zM, a great drinker. 

Go. n. A measure of time of long dura- 
tion used by the Buddhists ; a kalpa. 

Go {kori), ft. A county or subdivision of 
a province. 

Go {ko(oba)., n. A saying, sentence, ad- 
age ; language. 

Go {nochi). After in time, behind. San 
nen go^ after three years. Zen go^ be- 
fore and behind. — dan., last act, last 
course. — nichi^ a future day. — sai\ 
a second wife. — j^, the world to come, 
future state. 

Go, H. A box for measuring grain, or 
liquids, 4.62-100 inches square, and 
2.50-100 inches deep, containing 53. 
475-1000 cub. inches. 

Go, «. Anger, resentment, wrath. — ga 
niiru^ or, — ga wakti^ to boil with 

Go, n. Business, employment, the deeds, 
actions, or conduct of man in this life 
or in a previous state. Aku — , evil 
deeds. Zen — , good deeds. Shiku — , 
deeds done in a previous state of exist- 
ence. Hi-go, guiltless, having done 
neither good nor evil. — biyo, sickness, 
supposed to be a punishment of deeds 
done in a previous state. 

GoBAi-SHi i/uski), n. Gall-nuts. 

Go-BAN, «. A checker-board. — no ma.^ 
the squares on a checker-board. 

Go-BATSU, n. A hair's breadth. — mo 
r.higai ga nai. 

Go-Bo, n. The dock (vegetable'). 

Go-BUKU. — sum, to bring into subjec- 
tion, to make submit. Akuma wo — , 
to exorcise evil spirits. 

Go-CHiso, n. A feast, entertainment. 

GoDZUME, n. A body of troops kept in 
reserve in case of need ; a reserve. 

Go-Dzu-ME-Dzu, n. Demons, having 
heads like the ox and horse, said to 
execute the office of gaolers in Hades. 

Go-FU, «. A charm, or small piece of 
paper on which a sentence from the 
Buddhist sacred books is written by a 

Go-FUKU, «, Dry goods. 

Go-FL'KU-YA, n. A drj'-goods store, a 

GoFUKu-ZASHi, n. A measure of two and 
a half feet long used by mercers' ; a 

Go-fun, «. Half a niomfne, -= 29.165 
grs. Troy. 

GoFUN, n. Chalk. 

Go-geR, n. A future meeting, meeting 

GoGi, a. A coll. superlative, applied to 
anything great or extraordinary. — na 
/tiio, a great man. — ni kane ivo md- 
keta, have made lots of money. 

Go-go, adv. The sound of snoring. 
— to nam. 

Go-HAN (o-tneshi), n. Boiled rice, a 
meal. Asa-gokan., breakfast. Hiru- 
gohaft, dinner. Y'li-gjhan, supper. 

G6HAR.\. Angry, incensed, enraged. 

Go-HATTO, n. An imperial law or pro- 

Go-HEi, n. The cut paper hung in 
Miya's to represent the Kami. 

GoHEi-KATSUGi. Superstitious, observ- 
ant of lucky or unlucky signs. 

Go-in, n. Rape. — suru., to ravish. 

Go-jiN, n. The rear ranks of an army. 

Go-jo, n. Obstinate, headstrong, self- 
will. — wo haru. 

Go-jo-MOKU, n. An imperial edict or 

Go-ju, a. Fifty. — ichi, fifty-one. 

Go-KAi, n. The five Buddhist command- 

Go-KAKU, n. Even, undecided (as a bat- 
tle), a drawn game. 

GoKE, n. A widow. 

Go-KETSU, 71. A person pre-eminent for 
ability ; a hero, genius. 

Go-Ki, n. Stout-hearted, bravery, cour- 
age, boldness. 

Go-Ki, n. A wooden bowl. 

Go-Ko, n. The five watches, extending 
from 6 P.M. to 4 a.m. 

Go-KOKU {nochi-hodo). By and by, in a 
few minutes. 

Go-KOKU, 71. The five cereals, wheat, 
rice, millet, beans, and sorghum. 

GoKir, adv. Superlative degree, ex- 
tremely, eminently. — hin, superior 




in quality, superfine. — /«?, the very 

GoKU-Do, n. A dissolute, profligate per- 

GoKU-i, n. The important or essential 
principle, chief point, gist, pith. 

GoKL-MoN, u. The scaffold on which 
the head of a criminal is exposed. 

GoKL-RAKU, ». The place of highest 
happiness ; Paradise of the Buddhists. 

— sekai^ Paradise. 
GoKu-soTSL', n. A gaoler. 
GoKU-TSUBUSHi, ft. A drone, idler. 
GOKU-YA, n. A gaol, prison. 

GoMA, n. The Sesamum Orientalis. 
Goina zvo suru^ to speak well or evil of 
others from some selfish motive. 

GoMA, n. A Buddhist rite of saying 
prayers while fire is burning in » bra- 

GoMAKASHi,-i-«,-^a, /. V. To hoodwink, 
blind, to cover up a fault, turn oflF by a 

GoM.\-NO-HAi, n. A thief who deludes 
and steals from travelers. 

GoMA-suRi, n. One who, from personal 
motives, speaks well or evil of others to 
his superiors ; a sycophant, tale-bearer. 

Go-men {o yum ski'). Your honor's per- 
mission ; excused, exempted, pardoned 
by a superior. — kudasare, excuse 
me, pardon me. 

GoMi, n. Dirt, dust, litter. Gomi-tori, 
a dust pan. 

GoMi, n. The Eleagnus. 

Go.MOKU, n. Litter, dirt, rubbish. — ba, 
a dirt heap. 

Go.MOKU-MESHi, V. A kind of food made 
by mixing several kinds of vegetables 
with rice. 

Go-MON, n. Examination by torture. 

GoN. A title, = assistant. Gon dai-na- 

Gon {kotobd)., n. A word, /c/iz gon mo 
nai^ had not a word to say. 

GoNA, n. A small kind of mollusca. 

GoN-GO, n. Words, speech, language. 

— do dan, inexpressible, unutterable. 
GoN-jo (ynoshi ageru). To tell or report 

to a superior. 

GoN-KL , n. A word or sentence, — tno 

Go-R-'VN. Look. — nasare, look here. 

Go-REi, n. The word of command, or- 

Go-RiKi, n. A strong man. 

GoRO, n. Camlet. 

GoKO-GORO, adv. The sound of rum- 
bling, or rolling. 

Go-R6ji,-rM,-/a, i. v. To see, look. Go- 
roji nasare,, look here. 

! GoROTA, «. Cobble stones. 
1 GoROTSUKi, n. An idle vagabond, or 

GoROTSUKi,-;^M,-zVrt, /. V. To lead an 
idle, vagabond life, loafing ; to make a 
I rumbling noise. 

Go-s.^N-N.\RE, inter. Come on, in ban- 
: tering an opponent. 

Go-SEi, «. A fixed star. 
: Go-SEI, adv. Mighty, great, important, 

very. — atsui, mighty or very hot. 
1 Go-SH.'V, n. Imperial pardon, amnesty. 
j Go-SHi (ato-kotobd) ., n. A post-position. 
! Go-SHiN-zo, n. Your honor's wife. 

Go-so {tnuri-ni utto), n. A forcible com- 
j plaint or petition made to government, 
! as by a mob, or not in the regular order. 

Gosui (Jiiru-ne)., n. Sleeping in the day- 

GoTA-GOTA, adv. Confused, mixed, jum- 
bled together, mingled. — skite iru. 

Go-TAi, n. The five members of the 
body ; as the head, arms, and legs ; the 
whole body. 

GoTA-MAZE, n. Jumbled together, mixed 
together in confusion. 

GoT.\-Ni, n. A hodpe-podge, medley of 
different kinds of food boiled together. 

GoTATsrKi,-/^M,-zVa, i. V. To be jum- 
bled, confused, mixed together. 

GoTO-GOTO TO, a^z'. The sound of water 
flowing from a bottle, gurgling. 

GoTOKi.-/^«,-.$-//!z, a. Like to, as, same 
manner. Kono gotoku, thus, in this 
manner. Hito no gotoshi. like a man. 

Go TOKU, n. A three-legged iron stand ; 

GoTO-N'i, a. Every, each. Hito-goto-ni, 
everj'body. Kuni-gnto-»i, every coun- 
try. Hi-goto-tiiy every day. 

GoTTORi, adv. Sudden. 

Go-VA, The night from twelve to three 

Go-YAKU, n. Gun-powder. — gura., a 
powder magazine. 

GozA, n. A mat, Chinese matting. 

GozAN-NARi, inter;'. Used in bantering 
an adversary, come on. 

Go-ZA-NO-MA, n. The room in which a 
lord or master generally sits. 

GozARi,-rtt,-^M, i. 7>. To be. to have. 
Gozarimasu, I have, there is. Gozari- 
masen, have not, there is not. Gozari- 
viasu ka, have you ? is there? Goza- 
ritnashoy I think there is, or, I think I 

GozE, n. A blind woman, who goes 
about singing and playing on the gui- 



Boiled rice, or food general- 

Goz 47 


Go-ZEN, n. The presence of the Empe- 
ror, also, "your excellency," in speak- 
ing to a noble. 

Gozo, 71. The five viscera, viz. : the 
heart, lungs, stomach, liver and kid- 

Gu, a. Foolish, stupid, (used often as an 
humble word for one's self). Gu-na 
kito, a dunce. Gu-sm', my (stupid) 
wife. Gtc-soku, my (stupid) son. _ Gu- 
an, my (stupid) opinion. Gu-ai., my 
(stupid) mind. — ^^w, stupid. — inaiy 
ignorant. — mo, id. 

Go. Even numbers. Ki-gil, odd and 
even numbers — stl, even numbers. 

Gu. A complete set, or suit of utensils, 
instruments, furniture, armor, etc. Ka- 
mi-shimo ichi gu, one suit of dress ■ 
clothes. — sum, to furnish, make 
complete, arrange ; to have. 

GuAi, n. The state, condition ; the fit, 
the working or movement of things 
which are adjusted to one another, as: 
Kono hiki-dashi no guai ga yoi, this 
drawer works neatly and smoothly. 

Gu-CHi, n. Nonsense, foolishness, silli- 

GuDEN-GUDEN, adv. Stupid, insensible, 
said of persons dead drunk. 

GuDO-GUDO, adv. The sound of com- 
plaining, grumbling. — iu, to grum- 

GuDO-TSUKi,-,^K,-zYa, i. V. To loiter, to 
dilly-dally, to be slow and dilatory. 

GuDZU-GUDZU, a^z/. Sound of grumbling, 
foolish and idle complaining ; dilly- 
dallying, loitering, lazily. 

GuDZURi,-r?^,-^^rt, t. V. To tease, to vex, 

GuDZU-TSUKi,--^?<,-zVa, i. v. To grumble, 

GuM-Bivo, n. An army. 

GuMi, n. A small red berry. 

Gum-p6, «. A swarm of bees. 

Gun, {ikusa,) n. An army, war, military. 

— chiu., in the army. Ta-giin, a large 
army. — J>d, military tactics. — dan, 
war stories. — gakti, military science. 

— /, an army surgeon. — jin, the god 
of war. — jin, a camp. — kan, a ship 
of war. — rei, an army order. — shi, 
a military officer. — sho, a book on 
wars. — sotsu, a common soldier. — 
yokin, war expenses. 

GuNiYA-GUNiYA, adv. Limber, soft, 
pliant, flabby. 

GuNivARi, adv. Soft, pliant, limber. 

Gun-ken, n. A monarchical form of gov- 

GuN-SAN, (inuragari tnairu'). To flock 
together, assemble in droves. 

GuN-ZEi, n. An army. 

GuRA-GURA, adv. Unsteady, rocking, 

shaking, or unsettled. Fune ga — 

suru, the boat rocks. 

GURASHI, or GuRAKASHI,-.«<,-M, t. V. To 

cheat, defraud, swindle ; to fail in one's 
engagements and disappoint by con- 
tinued delay. 

GuRASHi-MONO, «. An article in the 
purchase of which one has been cheated 
or swindled. 

GuRA-TSUKi,-.^;/,-zV«, /. V. To be fickle, 
vacillating, unsteady, shaky, unsettled, 

GuRE,-r«,-^a, i. v. To be vacillatmg, 
fickle, unsteady, unsettled. Ki ga — , 
to be fickle minded. 

Gu-r6, n. Ridicule, derision, jeering, 
teasing, making sport. 

Guru, n. Accomplice or confederate in 

GuRURi, adv. Around, about, in a cir- 

GusA, adv. The sound of stabbing a 
hollow place. 

Gu-SHA, n. A dunce, fool, simpleton. 

GusHi, n. The hair. Migushi, your 
hair. Ogushi agemasho, let me do up 
your hair. 

GusoKU, n. A coat of mail, complete 
armor. Gusoku sum, to be complete, 
perfect, entire, completely furnished, to 

GuTA-GUTA-TO, adv. In a flabby, limber 

GuTARi-TO, adv. In a flabby, limber 
manner. rx- , i- 

GuTATSUKi,-^«,-zV«, i. V. To be lim- 

GuTTO, adv. In a flash, in an instant. 

GuwAi-BUN, {hoka ye kikoyeru,) n. 
Publicity, notoriety, reputation. — ga 
mami, not good to have others know 

GuwAi-KOKU, n. A foreign country. — 
J in, a foreigner. 

Guwai-mu-sh6, n. Department of foreign 

GuwAi-so-FU, n. Maternal grandfather. 

Guvvai-y6, n. Local or external treat- 
ment of disease. 
Guwa-k6, n. A picture painter. 
GuwAN, (negai,) n. Desire, request, 

prayer, supplication, vow. 
GuwAN-jiTSU, 71. New year's day, the 

first day of the year. 
GuwAN-NiN, n. A begging priest. 
Guwan-rai, (nioto yori,) ad?/. Origin- 
ally, anciently, from the first, from the 
beginning, heretofore. 
GuwAN-Ri, «. Principal and interest. 


A petition Guwatsu, (isukij n. Moon, monin, 
Sho-guwatsu, the first month. Ni — , 
the second month, 
Guzo, n. An image, idol, statue. 

GuwAN-SHO, (negaisho^) 

in writing. 
GUWANYAKU, «. A pill. 
GuwANZE-NASHi, rt. Stupid, ignorant, 

weak of intellect. 


Ha, «. A rake with iron teeth. 

Ha, n. Sect, denomination, party. 

Ha, n. A tooth ; the cutting edge of a 
knife, sword ; the teeth of a saw, cogs 
of a wheel. — ga uku^ to set the teeth 
on edge. Maye-ba^ incisors. Ki-ba^ 
tusks, or canine teeth. Oku-ba^ molar 
teeth. Mushi-ba^ a carious tooth. Ire- 
ba^ a false tooth. 

Ha, n. A leaf. 

Ha-ari, n. A winged ant. 

Haba, «. The breadth. Haba wo suru^ 
to take up all the room, to crowd others 
out. Maye-haba^ the breadth in front. 
Yoko-haba^ breadth. 

HABAKARi,-rz^,-/^«, i. V. To fear, dread, 
to be backward, ashamed. Habakari 
ni ytikti^ to go to the privy. 

Habaki, n. The metal ring fastening 
the sword-blade to the handle. 

Habaki, n. Cloth leggings. 

HABAMi,-;««,-«</a, t. V. To oppose, re- 

Habari, «. A lancet. 

Habattai. Filled, full, too large for the 
mouth. Kuchi ni — , the mouth stuffed 

Yi.w.w^O'RX^-ru ^-otta^ i. v. To spread, to 
multiply, increase, extend, disseminate ; 
to be arrogant, conceited. 

Ha-b6ki, n. A feather brush, 

HABUKi,-/&«,-z7a, /. V. To lessen, dimin- 
ish, curtail, to shorten, to reduce in 
number or quantity, to deduct, subtract, 
to abbreviate, to elide, abridge, cut off. 
Habukareru^ pass. 

Ha-buri, n. The flapping of wings; 
power, influence, authority. 

Ha-bushi, n. The teeth, in respect to 
size, arrangement, color, etc. 

Habutaye, n. A kind of white silk 

Hachi, a. Eight. Hachi-jH^ eighty. 
yH-kachi, eighteen. 

Hachi. Used in the phrase, Hachi ni 
suru^ to turn off, to dismiss from em- 
ploy, to break an engagement. Hachi 

ni sareru, to get turned off, to have an 

engagement broken. Hachi wo kuttat 

Hachi, «. A bowl, pot, basin. Atama 

no — , the skull. Hi-bachiy a brazier. 

Ki-bachi^ a wooden bowl. 
Hachi, n. A bee. Miisu-bachi, the 

honey-bee. Kufna-bachi^ a bumble- 
bee. — no su, a bee-hive. 
Hachi-maki, n. A handkerchief tied 

around the head, a turban. 
Hachi-mitsu, n. Honey. 
Hachi-moji, n. The character for eight. 

— wo fumu^ to walk with the toes turn- 
ed in, parrot-toed. 
Hachi-nin-gei, n. A ventriloquist. 
Hachisu, n. The Lotus. 
Hachi-tataki, n. A begging priest who 

goes about beating an iron bowl. 
Hada, n. The naked body ; the bare 

surface, the skin. Moro-hada^ both 

shoulders bare. 
Hada-gi, n. A garment worn next the 

skin, the shirt. 
Hadaka. Naked, bare. 
HADAKARi,-r«,-^a, /. V. To be open 

HADAKE,-r7^,-^a, t. V. To be open, to 

uncover ; to stretch apart, stretch 

Hadami, n. The naked body. 
Ha-dan, n. Breaking, or violation of 

one's word, promise, or contract. 
Hadankiyo, n. An almond. 
HADANUGi,-^i<,-zV«, i. V. To be bare or 

naked to the waist. 
Hadase, n. Bare-back. 
Hadashi, n. Bare-footed. 
Hadatsuke, n. The pad beneath the 

saddle, also a shirt or garment worn 

next the skin. 
Hadaye, «. The bare skin, the surface, 

the body. 
Hade. Gay, fine, gaudy, showy. Hade- 
ska^ a person fond of dress, a fop, 
Hadzu, n. The Croton seeds. — no 

abura, Croton-oil. 




Hadzu, n. The notch in an arrow in 
which the bow string fits: Should, 
ought, proper, must ; obligation, duty, 
right. Siiru-hadsic no mono^ a thing 
that should be done. 

Hauzu-h.\dzu, adv. Nearly, almost, but 
a little, a very little. 

HADZUi<ASHIGARI,-r«,-//«, i. V. To be 

ashamed, bashful, modest, shy. 

Hauzukashii,-/^/,-/^^, a. Ashamed, mor- 
tified, abashed. Hadzukashiku onto., 
feel ashamed. 

HADZUKASHiME,-r2<,-^«, t. V. To cause 
another to feel shame, to make asham- 
ed, to insult, to disgrace, to abash, to 

Hadzukashimi, «. Shame, insult, dis- 

Hadzuki, {hachi guwatsu)^ n. The 
eighth month. 

Hadzumi, n. Spring, bound, recoil, re- 
action, impulse, jerk, bounce. 

Hadzumi, -w?<,-«^(i, i. v. To rebound, 
to recoil, to react, to spring. Iki ga 
hadzicmu., to catch the breath. 

Hadzuna, n. A halter, or rope passed 
through the nose. 

Hadzure, n. The end. Michi no — , 
the end of a road. 

HADZURE,-r«<,-/«, i. V. To be out of the 
place in which it fits ; to be unfastened, 
unfixed, dislocated, disjoined, separated 
from ; to fail to hit, miss, mistake, err 
or deviate from ; to fail, not to succeed. 

Hadzushi,-j?<.-^is, t. V. To undo, to take 
out of the place in which it fits, to un- 
fasten, unfi.x, disconnect ; to avoid ; to 
miss, to dispense with, depart from or 

Ha-fu, n. A gable of a house. 

Hagai, n. The wings of a bird. 

Ha-gaki, «. A memorandum, a note. 

Kagami, m. Gnashing the teeth. 

Hagami, -;«?/, -««/«, i. V. To be ashamed, 
difl[ident, backward, shy. 

Hagane, n. Steel. 

HAGARE,-rM,-2frr, pass, of Hagu. To be 
stripped of clothes, or bark. 

HAGASHi,-«(^,-;'iZ, t. V. To strip off, flay, 
denude, make bald. 

Hagasumi, n. The dirt which collects 
on the teeth. 

Hagatame, n. Hardening the teeth. 

Hag.\yui,-^z,-/^m,-j^/zz, a. Itching of the 
teeth, setting the teeth on edge ; the 
excitement felt in beholding a contest 
of any kind, and desire to help the 
weaker party ; the desire to try one's 
hand at what others are doing ; itching 
to interfere. 

HAGE,-r«,-^a, i. v. To be bald, bare, de- 
nuded, stripped, divested of covering, to 
peel off. 

Hage-atama, n. A bald-head. 

HAGEM.ASHi,-j?<,-2'rt, t. V. To Urge on, 
incite, stimulate, quicken, rouse up, to 
animate, encourage, to make violent. 

HAGEMi,-wzz/,-7z^a, i. V. To be diligent, 
assiduous, ardent, zealous, to exert 
one's self, to strive at. 

HAGEMi-.'M,-rt«,-ai'/<^, i. V, To strive to- 
gether for anything, to vie with each 
other, to contend for. 

Hageshii,->^z",-/&«, a. Violent, vehe- 
ment, furious, severe. 

Hage-vama, n. A mountain bare of 
vegetation, bald-mountain. 

Hagi, n. The Lespedeza. 

Hagi, n. The shin. Fukura-hagi^ calf 
of the leg. — no hone^ the tibia, shin- 

liAGi.-gUy-zda, t. V. To skin, flay, de- 
nude, to strip off the skin or clothes, to 

'R.\Gi,-gii,-ida, t. V. To patch, to join 
flat things together ; to veneer, to face 
with different materials. 

Hagi,-^<,-/^£Z, t. V. To feather an ar- 

Ha-giri, n. Gritting, or gnashing the 

Ha-gishiri, n. Gritting, or gnashing the 

Hagi-yeri, n. A collar faced with other 

Hago, n. A kind of trap for catching 

Hago, n. A shuttle-cock. 

Hago-ita, n. A battledore. 

HAGOKUMi,-wz?<,-w^a, t. v. To rear, to 
bring up, to nourish, support. 

H.\goromo, n. Feather garments. 

K.A-GOTAYE, n. Hard to the teeth, hard 
to chew. 

Haguchi-goye, n. A compost made of 
night-soil, loam, and straw. 

Haguki, n. The gums. 

Haguma, n. A white bear, a white tas- 
sel fixed on the head of a spear. 

Hagunsei,, n. The constellation " Great 

HAGURAKASHI,-J'Z<,-^rt, ^. v. To Strip off, 
denude ; to tease, make sport of, jeer. 

HAGURE,-r«,-2'«, i. V. To be stripped 
off, made bare, denuded, uncovered ; 
separated, to run to one side, fly the 
track, to escape. 

Haguri,-^?/,-//^, t. V. To turn over a 
covering, to turn up or uncover. 

Haguro, n. The black dye used for 
staining the teeth. 

HAG 50 

Hagusa, «. Tares, weeds. 

Ha-guso, n. The dirt or tartar which 
collects on the teeth. 

Haha, n. Mother. Haha-btin^ like a 
mother, the part of a mother. 

Ha-hon, 71. An imperfect book, a bro- 
ken set of books. 

Hai, n. A fly. — doku., fly-poison. 

Hai. Yes. 

Hai, n. Ashes. Iski-bai, lime. 

Hai, n. The lungs. Hai no zd., the 
lungs. Hai no kin-sho, inflammation 
of lungs. 

Hai. The numeral for full, a wine cup. 
Ippai, once full. Ni hai, twice full. 
Sain-hai, three times full. 

Hai, {ogamu^ To bow reverently, to 
worship. — ivo suru, to bow, wor- 

Hai, {suteru.) — suru. To abandon, 
give up, throw aside, leave off, put 
away, abolish, abrogate, disannul, re- 
pudiate. — gaku, to leave off" study. 

Hai, {yabureru^ — suru, to be defeat- 
ed, to be broken, discomfited, routed. 
— bo, routed and destroyed. — gun, 
a routed army. 

Hai, {kuraberu.') — suru, to match, 
equal, eompare to, to mate ; join to- 
gether, to distribute. — bun, distribu- 
tion. Hai-to, allotment, to apportion. 
Hai-zdi, dispensing medicines. Hai- 
satsu, distributing paper charms. Hai- 
riyo, care, concern. Hai-go, to match, 
mate, join together. 

l^K\,-au,-atta, i. v. To creep, crawl. 
Hai-noboru, or Hai-agaru, to creep 
up. Hai-komu, creep into. Hai- 
viatou, to creep around. 

Hai-buki, u. Silver ingots. 

Hai-cho, n. A safe to protect food from 

Hai-date, n. Armor for the thighs. 

Hai-dzumi, n. Black paint made of pow- 
dered charcoal. 

Hai-fuki, n. A section of bamboo used 
for blowing the tobacco ashes into. 

Hai-gu. — suru, to unite, as in mar- 

Hai-jin, «. A teacher, or professor of 

'RK\-i\i,{itadaku^ — suru, to respect- 
fully receive. 

Hai-ka, «. The body of troops, or of 
persons, under the command or juris- 
diction of another ; a command, sub- 

Hai-kai, n. A kind of verse or poetry of 
seventeen syllables. 

Hai-kan. (lit. lungs and liver.) — wo 
kudaku. to do with great labor, or 


mi-nuku, to .see through 

pains. — 
a person. 

Hai-ken. — suru, to look, see, (respect- 
ful, to be used only in speakmg of one's 
self.) — itashito gozaimasu, I would 
like to see it, if you please. 

Hai-kuwai, (tachi-motoru.) — suru, to 
go about, wander about, prowling 

Hai-mivo, n. The fictitious name sub- 
scribed to a Hai-kai. 

H.\i-oshi, 71. A small shovel. 

Hai-rei, a. The worship of a divine be- 
ing. Kaitti IVO — suru, to worship 

llAiRi,-ru,-ffa, i. V. To enter, go into, 
to hold, contain, include. 

Hai-ru. — f«r«, to banish, exile. 

H.\-isha, n. A dentist. 

Hai-shaku, {o kari 7ndsu.) Borrowing. 
— suru, to borrow. Haishaku kin., 
borrowed money. 

Hai-shi. — suru, to abolish, annul, 
cause to cease, abrogate. 

Hai-sho, n. A place of banishment. 

Hai-s6. — suru, to scatter and flee away 

Hai-v6, n. Pulmonary consumption. 

Haji, n. Shame, disgrace, reproach. — 
■WO kaku, to be put to shame. 

Yi\i\,-ru,-ta, i. v. To be ashamed, to 
feel ashamed, to be abashed. 

Hajikami, n. Ginger. 

HAjiKARi,-r«,-^/rt, i. z>. To be burst or 
split open, spread open. 

HAjiKE,-r«,-^a, /. ?'. To burst or split 
open from inside pressure. 

H.»lJiki, w. A spring, a jerk, snap. 

HAjiKi,-/^«,-//rt, t. V. To jerk, to snap, 
to cause to move with a sudden spring, 
or bound. Yubi ivo — , to fillip, to 
snap the finger. 

Hajiki-gane, n. The hammer of a gun- 
lock ; a spring. 

Hajimari, n. The beginning, commence- 
ment, origin. 

HAjiM.A.Ri,-r«.-/'/a, i. V. To be begun, 
commenced, originated. 

Hajime, n. The beginning, the first of 
anything, the origin, the commence- 

H.\jiME,-rM-^a, /. V. To begin, to com- 

Haji.mete, adv. For the first time, at 

H.AjiRAi,-^,-(^/rt:. i. V. To feel ashamed, 
to be bashful. 

HAjiSHiME,-r«,-^a, t. V. To make an- 
other feel ashamed, to disgrace. 

Haka, n. A grave, tomb. 

Haka. This word is only used in com- 


pounds ; as, Haka-ga-yuku^ to do 
quickly, to be expeditious. Haka-ga- 
yukanuy to be slow, not to do rapid- 

Hakaba, «. A cemetery. 

Hakabakashii,-/^;",-/^^, a. Quick, active, 

Hakachi, n. A cemetery, grave-yard. 

HAKADORASE,-r«,-/rt. caust. of Hakado- 
ru. To hasten, quicken, to forward, 
or cause to do with dispatch. 

HAKADORi,-r«,-<7i'i'rt, i. z>. To be quick, 
make speed, prompt, active. Hakado- 
radziiy to be slow. 

Ha-kai (imashitne wo yaburtt). Break- 
ing the commandments of Buddha. 

Haka-jirushi, n. A tombstone. 

Hakama, n. The loose trowsers worn by 
Samurai. IVara no — , the loose bark 
around a stem of wheat. 

Hakamagi, n. The ceremony of putting 
on the hakama for the first time, at 
the age of five years. 

Haka-mairi, n. Visiting the tombs for 

Hakam.\-ji, n. The cloth of which Ha- 
katna are made. 

Haka-mori, n. The keeper of a ceme- 
tery, a sexton. 

HAKANAi,-/^z',-/^«,-.y/i/, a. Frail, fleeting, 
evanescent, transient, insignificant, 
mean, trivial. Hakanaku naru, to 
die, or pass away before its time. Ha- 
kanaku kiyuru^ to vanish quickly 

Hakaradzu, adv. Unexpectedly, sud- 

HAKAKAi,-rt?/,-a^^«, t. V. To transact, 
manage, negotiate, to do. 

Hakarai, n. Management, administra- 
tion, transacting. 

Hakari, n. A weighing-beam, scales, 
steelyard. — 710 ftmdd, the weight of 
a steelyard. — no sao, the beam of a 
steelyard. — no o^ the cord by which 
scales are suspended. — no w^, the 
marks on a steelyard. 

'H.\-K.\m,-ru.-tta, t. v. To weigh, to 
measure, to estimate, calculate, to rec- 
kon ; to plot, contrive ; to consult ; to 
deceive, take in, cheat, impose on. Tsu~ 
mori-hakaru, to estimate, reckon. 

Hakari-GOTO, n. A plan, scheme, arti- 
fice, device, stratagem. 

HAKARi-KiRi,-r« .-/■/«, t. V. To level off 
the top of anything measured, to make 
even v/ith the measure, to strike. 

Hakari-mushi, «. A caterpillar. 

Hakari-va, n. A maker of scales. 

HAK.ASE,-rw,-i'a, t. V. To cause to vom- 
it, or spit out ; to make flow out, to 



discharge; sell off; to make put on, 

to make to sweep. 
H.\KASE, n. The title of a learned man, 

a professor. 
Haka-wara, n. A cemetery. 
HAKE,-rw,-/a. Can spit, or vomit. 
Hake, ru.^-ta. Can wear, or put on. 

Kono tnoMiohtki iva hakerzc ka, can 

you wear these trowsers ? 
HAKE,-rz<,-/rt. Can sweep. Vok2( hake- 

ru hoki, a broom that sweeps well. 
Hake, n. A brush made of bristles, the 

Japanese cue. Nori-bake, a paste- 
HAKE,-r«,-/«, I. V. To be sold off, 

cleared out, as goods. 
Hake, n. The sale or demand for goods. 

— ga yoi^ in good demand. 
Hake-kata, «. Demand, sale or mar- 
ket for goods. — ga oku, the demand 
is great. 

Hake-kuchi, n. Demand, sale, market. 
HAKi,-^K,-z/fa, t. V. To spit, vomit. 

Tsubakt 7VO — , to spit. 
'ii.\K.i,-ku.,-ita, t. V. To wear, to put 

anything on the feet or legs. 
H.\Ki,->^M,-?Vrt, t. V. To hang from the 

belt. Tachi wo — , to gird on the 

HAKi,-/^«,-zVa, t. V. To sweep, brush. 

Gomi wo hakt-dasu., to sweep out the 

Haki-dame, 7t. A place where dirt and 

rubbish are thrown. 
Haki-dashi,-j-«,-^«, t. V. To spit out, 

vomit up ; to utter, speak ; to sweep 

Haki-haki, adv. Smart, quick, active 

in doing ; plain, distinct. 

HAKI-KAKE,-ri<,-^a, t. V. To spit UpOH. 

To sweep upon. 

Hakiki. Influential, having authority, 
weight of character. 

Haki-mono, n Shoes, articles worn on 
the feet. 

HAKi-vosE,-r«.-^«, /. V. To sweep to- 
gether, to collect by sweeping. 

Hakka, n. Peppermint. 

Hakkan, n. The silver pheasant. 

Hakkan. — suru, to sweat, perspire. 

— 2«z, diaphoretic medicines. 
Hakkiri, adv. Clear, plain, distinct 

clean ; perfectly. 
Hakko. Going, starting for any place, 

Yedo ye itsu — itashimasu ka. 
Hakko. — suru^ to become prevalent, 

come into fashion. 
Hako, n. A box, chest. — ni isu?n 

to pack in a box. Hako iri must 

a young girl who is carefully kept at 





Hako. suru—^ to go to stool, to obey 
the calls of nature. 

HAK;oBASE,-rM,-/«. To make or order 
another to convey, or transport. 

HakoBI,-(5«,-«^«. /. V. To transport, to 
convey, to move from one place to an- 
other. Nitnoisu ivo futie de — . 

Hakobi, n. Transportation, conveyance ; 
moving. Ichi ?iin de icki nicki hoko- 
bi "dja dono kurai^ how much can one 
man carry in a day ? 

Hakobi-te, 71. A porter, carrier, coolie. 

Hakoromo, n. The Achillea or milfoil. 

Hakoseko, n. A paper veil. 

Haku {shiroi). White ; clean, shining. 
Haku-hatsu^ gray hair. Haku-ye, 
white clothes. Haku-cko^ white 
clothes. Haku-jitszi^ shining sun. 
Haku-chiu., noon. Haku-j'in^ a 
naked sword. Haku-mai^ clean or 
white rice. Haku-tai, a white fur 
on the tongue. 

Haku, «. Foil, leaf. Kiinpaku, gold- 
leaf. GimpakUy silver foil. Sudzu- 
kaku^ tin foil. Kin wo haku' ni utsu^ 
to beat gold into leaf. — -wo osu, to 

Haku-cho, n. The swan. 

Haku-cho, n. A white porcelain bottle. 

Haku-Gaku (Jiiroku ina7iabu\ n. Ex- 
tensively learned, versed in literature. 

Haku-hivo {usuki kori), u. Thin ice. 
— wo fumii 110 goto ku. 

Haku-j6. Without natural affections, 
unfeeling, callous, cruel ; insincere, 

Hakujo, w. Confession. — j?<r«, to con- 
fess, acknowledge. 

Haku-.maku, n. The white or sclerotic 
coat of the eye. 

Haku-nai-sko, n. Cataract of the eye. 

Haku-rai, w. Foreign productions. 

Haku-raku, n. A horse doctor. 

Haku-RAN {hiroku mini). Extensively 
acquainted with books and things, very 

Haku-ran-kuwai, n. An exhibition of 
rare and curious things ; an exposition. 

Haku-SEKKO, n. A kind of confection- 

Haku-SHIKI {hiroku shiru)y n. A learn- 
ed man, a philosopher. 

Haku-va, ft. A gold-beater. 

Hama, n. The sea beach, or coast. 

Hama-be, n. The sea-coast. 

Hama-guri, n. A clam. 

Haman.^^shi, w. a cranberry. 

Hamari, — ru,-tta,i. 7\ To be put, fitted, 
or entered into anything ; to be fallen 
into, immersed in, addicted to. JVa ga 
yubi ni haniatta., the ring is on the fin- 

ger. Midzu ni — , to fall into the water. 
Bakuchi ni — , to be addicted to gam- 
bling. Hatnari-koinu. To be plunged 
in, immersed in. 

HAMASE,-rM,-^rt. To cause to fit or put 

Hamate, n. Near the sea beach. 

Hama-yumi, n. A small bow used as a 

H.-VMCiTSu, n. A small trunk. 

Hambun, n. Half. — ni kiru., cut into 
halves, cut in two. 

Hame, n. A weather-board, clap-board. 

— "MO haru^ to weather-board. 
Hamede, 71. Trick, deception, hoax. 

— ni atta, to be hoaxed. 
HAME,-rM,-^«, t. V. To fit anything in 

its place, (as a screen, door, drawer, 
etc.) ; to put into ; to cheat, take in. 
Shoji luo hamerUy to put a screen into 
its place. Hito wo — , to cheat a per- 
son. • 

HAME-KOMi,-w«,-«^/rt, i. V. To fit into, 
to be taken in, cheated ; to be impli- 
cated, or involved in trouble by others. 

Hami, n. A poisonous snake, viper. 

Hami, «. That part of the bit which en- 
ters the horse's mouth. 

JiAMi^-f^iu^-ftda, t. V. To eat, swallow. 
Meshi wo — , to eat rice. 

HAMi-DASHi,-jM,-^a, t. V. To project, or 
be forced out from between two sur- 
faces, or from inward pressure. 

Ham-mivo, n. The Spanish fly, Can- 

Hamo, n. A kind of eel. 

Ha-mon. — suru, to expel from school, 
dismiss a scholar. 

Ha-.mono, 71. Edged tools, cutting in- 

Ham-pa, n. A part, fragment, fraction. 

Ham-paku. Grizzled, a mixture of white 
and black hair. 

Ham-pi, n. A kind of coat with short 

Ham-PON, «. A printed book. 

Ham-puku, 71. Half way up a mountain. 

Ham-puku. — sum., to turn traitor, to 
betray, or act treacherously. 

HAMUKi,-/&M,-//'rt, t. V. To growl or 
snarl, as a dog. 

HAMUKAi,-aM,-«^^a, t. V. To oppose, 

Hamusha, n. Common soldiers. 

Han {kayeru). — sum., to return, go 
back, to be contrary, opposed to. 

Han (lit. a fence, hedge, or enclosure), a 
Daimiate, or clan. 

Han, 71. A seal, stamp ; a block for print- 
ing. — wo sum., to print. — vjo osu, 
to stamp, seal. 


Han. Odd. — no kadzu^ an odd num- 
ber. Chd-han, even and odd. 

Han. Half. Ichi ri han^ a mile and a 
half. Han-inickiy half a mile. Han- 
ya, half the night. Hanslti han-sho^ 
half dead and alive. — viai, half a 
sheet. — men^ half the face. Han- 
juku, half cooked, half ripe. Han-j6^ 
half a mat, or quire of paper. Han-ki^ 
half a year, or period of time. Han- 
kin^ half the money. Han-ku, half 
day s work. 

Hana, {hajitne^ n. The first, begin- 

Hana, n. The nose ; mucus of the nose, 
snot. — 710 ana^ the nostrils. — no 
sakt, the tip of the nose. — suji, the 
contour of the nose — wo kamu, to 
blow the nose. — ga tarerii^ to run at 
the nose. Varna no — , a bluff or spur 
of a mountain. 

Han.a., n. A flower, blossom, the plum- 
ula of malt. — no utena^ the calyx of a 
flower. — no tsubomi^ a flower bud. 
— no kiiki, the germ of a flower. — 
no j'ikuy the stem of a flower. — -wo 
ikeru^ to keep flowers alive in water. 
Hana no sugata^ a beautiful shape. 

H.\N'A, 71. A present of money, clothes, 
etc., made to a wrestler, plaj'-actor, 
musician, dancing girl, etc., in admira- 
tion of their performances. 

Hana-arashi, 71. Forcing the air vio- 
lently through the nose, snorting. 

HANAB.\NASHii,-/^/,-/&;<t, a. Beautiful, 
handsome, glorious, splendid, admir- 

Hana-basami, n. Flower scissors. 

Hanabi, n. Fireworks. 

Hanabira, «. The petals of a flower. 

HANACHi,-/j?<,-^^a, /. V. To let go, set 
free, liberate. 

Hanadzura, n. Tip of the nose. 

Hana-gai, n. The nose-ring for oxen. 

Hana-gami, 71. Paper for wiping or 
blowing the nose, nose-paper. Hafia- 
ga7ni-bukuro, the wallet in which 
paper for wiping the nose is carried. 

Hana-gawa, «. The part of the bridle 
which crosses the nose, the nose-strap. 

Hana-ge, n. The hair in the nostrils. 

Haxahada, ad7>. Very, extremely, ex- 

li.\>i.\HADASHn,.kz,-ku, a. Extreme, ut- 
most, excessive. 

HANA-HiRi.-r«,-//rt, z. V. To sneeze. 

Hanahivu, «. The portulacca. 

H.\N.\-IKE, «, A flower vase. 

Han.-v-iki, n. Nose-breathing. 

Hana-iro, n. A blue color. 

Hana-ji, n. Bleeding at the nose. 

53 HAN 

\ Hana-kago, 71. A flower-basket. 
I HANAKAMi,-;«z<-^a, t. V. To blow the 
nose ; mostly used in the form oi Hana 
j ivo ka77tu. 

Hana-kuso, n. The hard mucus which 
! collects in the nose. 

Ha-n.^mi, 71. The order or arrangement 
of the teeth. — ga yoi., has a fine set 
of teeth. 

Hana-mi, n. Looking at flowers. 

Hana-mizo, 71. The furrow in the upper 
lip under the nose. 

Hana-mori, n. The keeper of a flower- 

H.\na-muke, n. A present to a bride, to 
a person setting out on a journey, or to 
one who has returned to his home. 

Hana-muko, 71. A bride-groom. 

Hana-o, «. The thong, or strap by 
which sandals are fastened to the 

Hanao-dzure, «. Chafed by the thong 
of the sandal. 

HANARE,-r;^,-/a, z. z>. To be separated, 
apart, sundered, removed ; to be loose ; 
to leave, to separate from, to part. 
L/77ta ga hanayeia, the horse is loose. 
Oya wo hanarete hoko wo sum, to 
leave one's parents and go out to ser- 
vice. Hanare-gatashi. hard to part. 
Ha7iare7iu.-7iaka., indissoluble rela- 

Hanare-ban.\re, adv. Separated, apart, 

Hanare-jima, n. A solitary island, an 
island far away from the main land. 

HanarejMA, 71. A stray horse, a loose 

Hanare-va, n. A house apart or dis- 
tant from others. 

HANASASE,-rz^,-^a. To let or make an- 
other speak. 

HANASHi,-j«,-^a, /. V. To let go, to set 
free, to loosen, liberate, let off, to dis- 
charge, let fly. Teppo wo — , to fire a 
gun. Me hanasadzu 7niru., to look 
without taking off the eyes. 

HANASHi,-j«,-^a, t. V. To say, to utter, 
speak, talk, tell. Haha ye itte hanase, 
go and tell your mother. 

Hanashi, n. A saying, talk, story, a 
tale. Okashii ha7iaski, a funny storj'. 
Uso-ba7iashi.^ a lie, a fiction. Otoshi- 
ba7iashi., a comical story, an anecdote. 

HANASHi-Ai,-azj;,-rti'/rt, i. V. To talk to- 
gether, to converse. 

Hanashika, n. A story-teller, one who 
makes a living by narrating stories. 

Hana-shiru, 71. Thin mucus from the 

H.ANA-T.\KE, «. A nasal polypus. 




Hana-tare, w. a snotty nose. 

Hana-tsukuri, n. A maker of artificial 
flowers ; a flower gardener. 

Hana-uta, n. Singing in a low voice, 
humming a tune. 

Ha>,a-ya, n. A florist, a seller of flow- 

Hanavaka, a. Beautiful, handsome, 
elegant, gay, showy. 

Han.\-vome, n. A bride. 

Hana-zakari. Full bloom. — nt natta^ 
to be in full bloom. 

Handa, n. Tin (in block)., n. A dining-table. 

Han-dan, «. Half a piece of cloth. 

Han-dan. — suru, to judge and decide 
upon, to try a case at law, to explain, 
solve, interpret. Vume -mo — , to inter- 
pret a dream. Nazo -wo — , to solve a 

Hando, n. A bucket for carrj'ing rice. 

Hane, n. A wing, a feather, the paddles 
of a paddle-wheel. 

Hane, «. The oblique down stroke of a 
Chinese character. 

Hane, «. Particles of mud spattered 

HANE,-r?<,-^a, /'. z/. To prance, to flounce, 
flounder, leap, spring, bounce ; to spat- 
ter, splash about. Kttdz wo — , to cut 
off the head. Ni wo — , to throw goods 
overboard. Hane-agaru^ to spring, 
leap, or bound up. Mari ga — , the 
ball bounces. Hane-kakeni^ to splash, 
to spatter. Hane-kayeru, to spring, 
bounce, or leap back, rebound. Haite- 
kayesu^ to make rebound. Mane-jna- 
waru, to prance, leap, bound, or dance 
around. Ifane-?zokerii, to throw out, 
or jerk out. Hane-okzi^ to jump or 
spring up. 

Hane-bashi, n. A draw-bridge. 

Hane-dzukuroi, n. Preparing to fly. 

Haxe-giki, n. A quill. 

Haxe-tslchi, n. Clay. 

Hane-tsurube, n. A well-bucket swung 
on the end of a pole. 

Han-gen, «. Deducting the half, half- 

Han-getsu, «. Half a month, half-moon, 
or semicircular in shape. 

Han-gi, 71. A block for printing. — shi., 
a block-cutter. 

Hangi-ya, n. A block-cutter. 

Han-givaku, n. Rebellion, treason, 
treachery. — «?'«, a traitor. 

Han-givo, n. A seal-mark, the impres- 
sion left by a seal. 

HANiKAMi,-WK,-«f/rt, /. V. To feel shy, 
timid or diffident. 

Han-ja,.«. a judge, critic. 

HAN-ji,-r?/,-^rt, t. V. To judge, criticise, 
to solve, interpret. 

Hanji, 71. A judge, a governor, superin- 
tendent, a magistrate. The chief- 
magistrate is called, Dai-hanji. The 
inferior officers are, Chiu-han-ji, and 

Hanjimono, n. Anything represented 
by emblems or symbols, or concealed 
under the names of natural objects, an 
emblem, a riddle. 

Han-j6. Prosperous, thriving, flourish- 
ing. — surti^ to be prosperous. 

Han-ju. Received from the head of a • 
department, not from the emperor, (as 
an appointment to office). 

Han-juku, (namaniye.) Half cooked, 
half done. 

Han-kan. Treachery, perfidy, treason. 

Han-ka-tsu. Only half acquainted with, 
or versed in. 

Han-kiu, n. A kind of letter-paper. 

Han-kiu, n. A small bow. 

Han-k6, n. A block used in printing. — 
ya, a block-cutter, printer, printing 

Han-kuwa. Prosperous thriving, bust- 

Han-kuwan, n. Executive officer in a 
government department. 

Han-nin, 71. Half a day's work ; a pimp, 

Han-nin, w. An indorser, surety, bonds- 
man, security. 

Han-noki, 71. The Alnus Japonica. 

Han-san, 71. An abortion, miscarriage. 

Han-shi, 71. A kind of paper. 

Han-shita, m. The copy used in cutting 

Han-shita-kaki, 71. The person who 
writes the copy by which the blocks 
are cut. 

Han-sho, 7t. A small bell, a fire-bell. 

Han-suri, 71. A printer, a pressman. 

Han-ta. Busy, hard at work, full of 

Han-tai, 71. Opposite, contrary, anti- 
thesis, contrast. 

Han-to, adv. Halfway, half through. 

Ha-nuke, 7t. A person who has lost his 

Ha-nuke-dori, 71. A moulting bird. 

Ha-nuki, 71. Tooth forceps, a person 
who extracts teeth. 

H.AN-vo, 71. Busy, full of business. 

Han-z6, «. A small wooden tub. 

Han-zoku, {tnuho7i-ni7i^ «. A rebel, 

Haori, «. A coat. — fto yeri., the col- 
lar of a coat. — 710 sode^ the sleeve of 
a coat. 


liAOm,-ru,-iia, t. v. To put over loosely 
(as a coat). 

Happa. Eight times eight ; sixty-four. 

Happi, n. A kind of coat. 

Happiyozai, n. A diaphoretic medi- 

Happo. Eight sides, all about. Shi-ho 
happOy on all sides. 

Happuri, «. Armor for covering the 
forehead, a frontlet. 

Hara, n. A moor, prairie, a wild uncul- 
tivated region. 

Hara, n. The belly, abdomen ; mind, 
conscience, heart. — ga tatsu, to be 
angry. — ga heru^ to be hungry. 
Shita hara, the hypogastric region. 
Yoko-hara, the side of the belly. Hara 
no nai, pusillanimous. Hara no okiy 

Hara-ate, n. A cloth worn over the 
chest and belly ; armor for covering the 

HARABAi,-a;^,-a^/a, i. v. To lie on the 

Hara-dachi, ft. Anger. 

Hara-gawari, n. Different mother, but 
the same father. — no kiyodai, half- 

Hara-gomori, n. Pregnancy, gestation, 
in utero. 

Hara-gonashi, n. Promoting digestion. 

Hara-glro. — «a, ill-tempered, cross- 
grained, churlish, surly. 

Hara-hara-to, adv. The sound of 
rustling, as of silk, or of leaves blown 
by the wind ; the appearance of tears 
dropping, or of crj'ing. 

'R.\v..\i,-an,-attay t. v. To clear away, 
drive away, expel, to pay. Katijo luo 
— , to settle an account. Harai-dasu, 

■ to drive out, expel. Harai-komu, to 
sweep into (as a pan). 

Harai, «. A payment. — wo suru. 

Harai, «. Sintoo prayers. — ivo yomu. 

Hara-itami, n. Colic, belly-ache. 

Hara-kake, n. A cloth covering tied 
over the chest and abdomen. 

Hara-kara, n. Broth,er or sister, born 
of the same mother. 

Hara-kldari, «. A diarrhoea, bowel- 

Hara-maki, n. Armor for the abdomen. 

HARAMASE,-r?/,-^i2. To cause to conceive, 

11aram\, -7nu,-nda, i. v. To be pregnant, 
to conceive, to be with child. Harami 
Oftna, a pregnant woman. Haratnajiu 
kusuriy medicine to prevent conception. 
Harami-dzukiy month of conception. 

Harami, n. Pregnancy, conception. 

Hara-obi, n. A belly-band. 



Hararago, «. Fish-roe. 

Har.ase, -?■?<,-/«. To cause aaothe 

HARASHi,-i-?/,-/«, ^. z: To clear a' 

drive away, dispel ; to swell. 


Hara-wata, n. 

HARE,-r?^-/rt, z. 

dispelled ; cle; 
ment, public, 
cleared off. 

Laughable, ridiculous. 
The bowels, intestines. 
7'. To be cleared away, 
r, open, without conceal- 
Aine ga — , the rain has 

-rity-tay i. V. Swollen. Hare-aga- 
ru, to swell up. 

Hare, h. A swelling. Hare ga kiiia, 
the swelling is gone down. 

Hare-bare, adv. Clear, bright, open, 
unclouded, easy in mind. 

Harebareshii,-/^/,-/^«, a. Fine, splendid. 
— hataraki da. 

Haregi, n. Dress-clothes worn on special 

Hare-mono, n. A swelling, boil. 

H.\re-na, «. Fine, grand, illustrious, 
eminent, heroic, public. 

Ha-retsu. — suruy to burst, explode, 
blow-up. — davta, a bomb-shell. 

H.arevak.ana, a. Clear, unclouded, 
bright ; cleared, open. — tenki, clear 

H.\Ri, n. A needle ; pin ; thorn, — ivo 
bo ni illy to exaggerate, magnify. — no 
me, the eye of a needle. — no saki, 
the point of a needle. 

Hari, n. The heavy beams in a roof. 

Hari, n. Crystal, glass. 

HARi,-r?<,-^/rt, t. V. To paste over, nail 
over, spread over. Ita luo — , clap- 
board. Atama ivo — , to slap the head, 
(fig.) to take a certain percentage from 
the wages of those whom one has aided 
in finding employment, to squeeze. 

HARi,-r?<,-/^«, t. V. To stretch, spread, 
open, to extend, to display, exhibit ; to 
boast. (/. V.) To be swollen, distended. 
Mise -wo — , to display the wares of a 
shop. Omote wo — , to endeavor to keep 
up appearances. Iji wo — , to be obsti- 
nate. Ki wo — , to strain everj' nerve. 
Hari-aUy to rival, to vie with each other, 
emulate. Hari-dasu, to jut out, pro- 
trude, swell out, stretch out. Hari- 
koiiiUy to stretch. Hari-sakerUy to tear 
by stretching, or expanding. Hari- 
yaburuy to tear by stretching. 

Hari-ai, n. Emulation, rivalry. 

Hari-bako, n. A needle-box. 

Hari-fuda, n. A placard, handbill. 

Hari-gami, 71. A note pasted to a com- 
munication, and containing the reply ^o 
its inquiry, a placard. 

HAKi-GA>fE, n. Wire. 




Hari-i, m. a needle doctor, one who per- 
forms acupuncture. 

Hari-ire, n. A needle-case. 

Hari-ita, n. The board on which the 
clothes are stretched and dried after 

Hari-ko, n. A box made of paper. 

Hari-me, «. The edge or seam formed 
by joining paper together. 

Hari-nedzumi, n. A porcupine. 

Hari-nuki, n. Articles made of a kind 
of papier-mache. 

Hari-tsuke, n. Punishment by crucifixion 
and spearing. 

HARi-TSUKE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To paper, to 
paste over with paper. 

Hari-ya, n. A needle-maker. 

Haru, n. The spring. 

Haru-baru, rt^z/. Far, distant. — tokuru^ 
to come from afar. 

Harubi, n. A saddle-girth, 

Haruka, a. Far, distant, remote. — ni 
inasaru, much better. 

Haru-ko, n. A silk-worm that breeds 
but once a year. 

Harumeki,->^«,-zV^, z. v. Spring-like, 
having the appearance of spring. 

Haru-same, «. Spring rains. 

HASAMARi,-r?<,-^^a, z. V. To be between 
two other things. Ha no aida uivo no 
hone ga hasatnatta, a bone has got be- 
tween the teeth. 

Hasami, n. Scissors. 

HASAMi,-ww,-«a^a, i. V. To take, place, 
or hold between two other things. Ha- 
shz de UIVO ivo — , to take fish with 
chop-sticks. Hon ivo ivaki no shita ni 
— , to hold a book under the arm. 

Hasami-bako, «. A black box fixed to 
each end of a pole, and carried over the 
shoulder, used only by persons of rank ; 
the mumps. 

HASAMi-iRE,-rw,-^«, /. V. To take up with 
sticks and put in ; to interleaf, interline. 

HASAMi-KiRi,-r«,-/2'a, t. V. To cut with 

Hasami-uchi, n. An attack on each flank 
at the same time. — ni suru. 

llASE^-ru-fa, t. Z'. To ride fast, to cause 
to run ; to hasten, urge on. Uma mo — , 
to gallop or run a horse. Hase-utsuvia- 
TH, to ride together, to assemble by rid- 
ing together, to run together. Hase- 
chigau, to ride and miss, to ride past 
each other. Hase-kayerii^ to ride or 
run back, to gallop back. Hase-kayeszt, 
to cause to ride back, to send back in 
haste. Hase-kitaru, to come fast on 
Ji.orse-back, to come in haste. Hase- 
fnairu, to run and go. Hase-}nawaru, 
Jo ride fast or run around, to gallop 

around. Hase-niukau, to ride fast to 
meet, to gallop opposite to, to run to 
meet. Hase-tsuku^ to ride, gallop, or 
run and overtake. 

Hase-moxo, n. Anything in one's way, 
obstruction, impediment. 

Ha-sen, n. A shipwreck. 

Hashi, n. A bridge. — no ran-kan, the 
rail of a bridge. Ippo7i-bashi^ a bridge 
made of one stick. 

Hashi, n. Chop-sticks. — de hasamu, 
to take up with chop-sticks. 

Hashi, n. The bill of a bird. 

Hashi, n. The edge, margin, brink, side, 
end, extremity ; a small piece, fragment. 
Ito 710, — the end of a thread. Jiashi- 
jika, near the edge. 

Hashi-bami, n. The filbert tree, — no 
mi, a filbert. 

Hashi-bashi, n. Four sides, extreme or 
distant parts. 

Hashi-bune, n. A small boat. 

Hashi-dzume, n. The foot of a bridge, 
the place where a bridge joins on to the 

Hashigo, n. A ladder, stairs. — no ko^ 
the rungs of ladder. 

Hashi-gui, n. The wooden piles which 
support a bridge. 

Hashi-ita, «. Hoor of a bridge. 

Hashika, n. The beard of wheat. 

Hashika, «. The measles. 

Hashi-kake, n. A mediator, go-between. 

Hashike,-?- «,-/«,/. 7'. To unload, or take 
out cargo from a ship by boat-loads. Ni 
wo — , to unload goods. 

Hashike-bune, n. A cargo-boat. 

\iASmyiOi,-ki,-ku,-shi, a. Shrewd, wise, 
sagacious, clever, active, smart, cun- 

Hashi-mori, n. The guard of a bridge, 
a bridge-keeper. 

Ha-shio, n. The tartar that collects about 
the teeth. 

Hashika, n. A post, pillar, column ; the 
numeral for gods. Hasliira kakuski, 
pictures or inscriptions hung against the 
pillars of a house to hide them. 

Hashirashi,-^^,-/^. To make to run or 
sail. Midzu wo waki ye — , to make 
the water flow off to one side. 

HASHiRi,-r?^,-//rt, i. 11. To run, to move 
fast, to flee ; to flow, to sail fast. Ha^ 
shiri-agarti, to run up. Hashiri-ka- 
yeru, to run back- HasJiiri-ideru, to 
run out. Hashiri-koyeru, to run across. 
Hashiri-kudaru, to run down. Hashi- 
ri-Mtawaru^ to run around. Hashiri- 
mukau, to run to meet. Hashiri-tobu^ 
to run. Hashiri-yortt, to run near. 

Hashiri, n. The first fruits, or first-caught 

HAS 57 


fish of the season, first goods ; the run- 
ning, flow, movement. 

Hashiri-Gaki, n. Fast writing, a running 

Hashiri-JI, n. Bleeding piles. 

Hashiri-Kurabe, n. A trial of fleetness, 
a race. 

Hashita, n. A fraction, fragment, an im- 
perfect part. — ni 7iaru^ to be imper- 
fect, broken, insufficient. 

Hashita-me, or Hashita, n. A female 

Hashitanai,-/?-/,-/^?^,-^///, a. Low, mean, 
of humble condition. 

Hashiyagashi,-j?^,-/«, To cause to dry. 

Hashiyagi,-^?/,-/^^^;, i. v. To be dry, 
arid, parched. 

Hashiyagi, n. Dryness, aridity. 

Ha-sh6-fu, n. Lockjaw, tetanus. 

HASHORi,-r«,-/iZ, t. V. To shorten, to re- 
duce in length, abbreviate ; to portion. 
Shiri wo — , to tuck up the skirt of the 
long coat, by sticking it under the gir- 
dle. Kai-monoivo — , to cheat or de- 
fraud a person for whom one is buying 
anything, by charging more than it cost. 

Hashori, a. The tuck or shortening made 
in the skirts by girding them under the 

Ha-son, «. (yabure sokonau). Broken, 
damaged, injured. — surti^to damage, 

Ha3-san, n. The rule of division in arith- 

Hasshi,-j«,-^«, t. V. To cause to go out, 
or issue forth, burst forth, send forth, to 
rouse, excite, to open out Cas a flower), 
manifest, to display, appear, to produce, 
give rise to, develop ; to flash out. To- 
ki no koye ivo — , to raise a shout. 

HASSHi-TO,a£/7/. The sound made by the 
breath in striking, chopping, or in mak- 
ing any violent exertion. — utsu. 

Hasu, n. The lotus plant. — 710 ike, a 
lotus pond. 

Hasuji, n. Fistula in ano. 

Hata, n. A field, (of upland). Hata- 
7>iono, a thing grown in upland fields. 

Hata, n. A flag, ensign. — no sao, a 

Hata, n. A loom. Kinu-bata, a silk- 
loom. Hata-inono, a weaving-machine. 

Hata, n. The side, near by. Ido no hata 
ye, to the side of the well. Hata 710 
hito, bystanders. 

Hatachi. Twenty years old. 

Hatago, 71. Stopping to rest and lunch 
while traveling ; the fare charged for 
lodging. Hiru-hatago, stopping to 
lunch at noon. — -wa ikura, how much 
is the fare ? 

Hatagoya, n. An inn, hotel. 

Hata-hata, n. A grasshopper. 

Hata-hiro, 7t. Seven fathoms, = 28 

Hata-jirushi, 71. A flag, ensign. 

Hatake, 71. A field, vegetable-garden. 
I)no-batake, a potato-field. Ha7ia ba- 
take., a flower-garden. 

HATAKi,-/&z^,-zYi?, t. V, To beat with a 
stick, to strike. 

Hata-mata, conj. Again, moreover. 

HATAMEKi,-/^«,-?Va, z. V. To thunder, to 
make a loud noise. 

Hata-ori-me, 71. A female weaver. 

HATARAKASHi,-j?^,-^i!:. To make or set 
to work, to employ ; to conjugate. 

Hatariki,-/^«,-zV«. t. V. To work, to 
labor, to do, commit, to move, to act, 
perform. Yoku hataraite ikura., what 
is the lowest you can sell it at ? 

Hataraki, 71. Action, movement, work- 
ing, operation' deed, function, conjuga- 

Hataraki-kotoba, n. A verb. 

HATARi,-rz<,-^/rt, /. V. To demand pay- 
ment, to dun. 

Hata-saku, 71. The products of the 
farm, the crop. 

Hata-sashi, n. A standard-bearer, col- 

HATASHi,-j?/,-^rt, t. V. To finish, to end, 
complete, fulfil, perform. 

Hata-shi, 71. A maker of flags or en- 

Hatashite, adv. In the end, ultimately. 
— iu tori tii Ttatta., it turned out just 
as I said. 

HATASHi-Ai,-rt7/,-a/^a, t. V. To finish or 
kill each other. 

Hatatagami, 71. A clap of thunder and 

Hatataki, 72. Clapping the wings. 

Hata-to, adv. The sound of clapping 
the hands or of a sudden blow. — to 
wo utsu. 

Hataye. Twenty fold. 

Hate. Exclam. of surprise, or perplex- 

Hate, ti. The end, termination, result, 
conclusion, extremity. — zva do nam 
ka shire-7tai., I don't know what the 
result may be. Hate iiashi, without 

HATE,-rz/,-/«, i. V. To end, terminate, 
conclude ; to die. Biyd-ni7i ga hateta, 
the sick man is dead. Tsuki-haieta, 
entirely used up. 

Hateshi, n. The end, termination, con- 
clusion, limit. 

Hato, «. A dove, pigeon. Ya7t:a bato, 
a wild pigeon. 




Hatoba, n. A piel-, wharf, a landing. 

Hato-mune, n. Chicken-breasted. 

Hatsu, n. A numeral used in counting 
the discharge of guns. Ippatsu^ one 
discharge, or one gun. Ni hatsu surti^ 
to fire two guns. 

Hatsu. The lirst, the beginning. Hatsu- 
karu^ the beginning ot spring. Hatsu- 
dor7\ the first crowing of a cock on the 
new year. Haisn-gdri, Hatsu-shimi, 
Hatsu-yuki, the first ice, frost or snow 
of the season. Hatsu-mono, the first 
things of the season, first fruits. Ha- 
tsu-yama, first visit to a sacred moun- 

Hatsu-b6, n. A blistering plaster. 

Hatsu-dake, n. A kind of edible mush- 

Hatsu-datsu, — surtt, to be an adept in, 
to become expert or skilful. 

Hatsuka. Twentieth day of the month ; 
twenty days. 

Hatsuka-nedzumi, n. A mouse. 

Hatsu-mei, «. Intelligent, ingenious, 
clever ; an invention. — suru^ to in- 
vent, discover. Shi)i — , a new inven- 

Hatsumeirashii,-,^/,-/^^^. Having an in- 
telligent look. 

Hatsu-o, n. The first fruits offered to 
the gods. — wo agent. 

HATSi;Ri,-r«,-/^«, /. V. To hew, cut 
with a broad-axe or adze, to chip off, 
clip off. 

Hatsu-vuri, n. Fritillaria Thunberjia. 

Hattari, n. An artifice or trick used to 
make a suspected person confess the 
truth. — ivo kake7-ii. 

Hatto, n. Law, ordinance, a prohibi- 
tion. Go-hatto\ it is contrary to law. 
— no shomotsit^ a prohibited book. 

Ha-uchiwa, «. A feather-fan. 

Ha-uta, n. A kind of vulgar song. 

HA\VASHi,-j?<,-^rt. To make to creep or 
crawl. Ko ivo — . 

Hav.\, n. A small river fish. 

Haya, adv. Already ; with a neg. no 
longer, hna iva haya tiogaruru ini- 
chi nashi\ there is now no waj' of es- 
cape. Haya itte shhnatta, he has al- 
ready gone. 

Haya, ?i. An express, a courier. 

Haya. Fast, quick, swift, soon, early. 

Haya-ashi. Swift-footed. 

Haya-baya-to, adv. Quickly, soon, 

H.AYA-BiKiYAKU, «. An express post. 

Haya-dayori, n. Quick mode of com- 
munication, early opportunity. 

H.A.YA-FUNE, «. A fast boat, a clipper 

I Hava-gaki, n. Fast writing. 

Haya-GANE, «. An alarm bell, fire-bell. 
' Hayago, «. A cartridge. 

Hayai,-- ^/,-j/i/, a. Fast, quick, swift, 
j early, soon. Kt ga hayai., of quick 
I perception. Mimiga — , quick to hear. 
I Hayaku sunt, to do quickly. 

Haya-ito, «. The band or cord of a 

H AY AM Am, -ru,-ta, i. v. To be quick, or 
fast ; to be hasty, rash, precipitate. 

Hayame, 71. Hastening parturition. — 
■no kusuri, medicines which hasten la- 
bor. — no go-fii, a charm swallowed to 
hasten labor. 

H ay AM E,-r ?<,-/«, t. V. To hasten, quick- 
en, accelerate, to urge on ; to hurry, 

Haya-michi, n. A near way. 
j Haya-xawa, n. A cord carried bypolice- 
I men to bind criminals with. 

Haya-o, n. The rope used in sculling a 
boat ; the band of a wheel. 

Haya-oke, n. A ready-made tub in 
which paupers are buried. 

Hay.'^-oki, n. Early rising. 

HAYARASE,-rz<,-2fa, caust. of Hayari. 
To make popular, fashionable, or pre- 

Hayari ,-r«,-^2'«, i. v. To be prevalent, 
popular, fashionable, to be in general 
favor ; ardent, impetuous, eager, vehe- 
ment. Hayari-yamai, a prevalent dis- 
ease, epidemic. Hayari-gamiy a popu- 
lar god. Hayari-kotoba, a popular 

Hayari-o, n. Impetuous, daring, heroic. 

Hasasa, n. Quickness, swiftness, earli- 
ness, celerity. 

liAYASE, n, A swift current, rapids. 

H.AYASHI, n. A wood, forest. 

Havashi, 71. A band of music, an or- 
chestra. — 7H071C, musical instruments. 
— 1U0 suru, to make music. — kata^ 

Hayashi,-j«,-M, t. V. To play on mu- 
sical instruments ; to praise, flatter. 
Uta IVO hayas7i. 

HAYASHi,-j«,-/'a, t. V. To let or make to 
grow long ; to grow. 

Hay.\shi,-j«,-/??^, /. V. To cut, chop, to 

HAYASHi-TATE,-rK,-^«, t. V. To play on 
musical instruments, to make music ; to 
rouse up, excite. 

Hayate, n. A tempest, gale, storm of^ 

Haya-uchi, n. An express, swift mes- 

Haya-uso. a slip of the tongue, a white 
lie, fib. 

HAY 59 

Haya-wasa, n. Sleight of hand tricks, 

Have, n. Splendor, brilliancy, glory. 
Asa-bay e^ splendor of the sky at sun- 
rise. Yubaye^ the splendor of the set- 
ting sun. Haye nai luuza da, not an 
honorable empldyment. 

H.\VE,-r«,-i'a, t. V. To grow, sprout up. 
Kabi ga hay eta, it has moulded. 

HAYE,-r«,-^«, t. V. To pile up, to ar- 
range in a pile. Tawara wo — . 

Haye-giwa, n. The edge or border of 
the hair. 

HAYE-SAGARi,-r«,-^^a, z. V. Growing 

Hayo. Same as hayaku. O hayo goza- 
rimasu, you are early, this is contract- 
ed to, O hayo, good morning. 

Hazama, n. Port-holes, embrasures. 

Haze, n. The name of a fish. 

llAZK,-ru-ta, i. v. To burst open, as a 
fruit, or as parched com. 

Haze, n. Rice bursted by roasting. 

He, 71. A fart. — wo hiru^ to break 

HE,-r?^,-/a, t. V. To pass, to spend time, 
to live through ; to pass from one place 
to another, move along, pass by. 

HE-AGARi,-rz<,-//a, i. V. To pass from a 
lower rank or condition to a higher, to 
rise, advance. 

Hebari-tsuki,-^?*,-zV«, 1. V, To stick, 

Hebi, n. A snake, serpent. 

Hebi-ichigo, n. A tasteless kind of 

Hebi-tsukai, n. A serpent-charmer, one 
that plays with snakes. 

Hechamokure, or Hechi wo makuru. 
Confused, bewildered, disconcerted. 

Hechima, n. The snake gourd. 

Heda-heda, a. Separated, distant, not 

Yivx>.\-x \Ya,-ru ,-tta, i. v. To be separat- 
ed, apart, asunder, distant, reserved. 

HEDATE,-r«,-/rt, /. V. To leave, separ- 
ate from, part from ; to interpose, place 
between ; separated by, severed. lye 
wo hedatete tabi ni oru, he has left 
home on a journey. Hedate gokoro, 
estranged, alienated. 

Hedate, n. A partition, distinction, se- 
paration, difference, reserve, restraint. 

Hedo, n. Eructation of food. — wo 
hakii, to eject food from the stomach. 

Hedomodo, — sum, to be confused, be- 
wildered, to stand not knowing what to 
do, to be in a quandary. 

llKT>zvKi,-rii,-tta, t. V. To cut or clip 
off a part, to clip off, to dock ; to pilfer, 
abstract, to take by stealth a little from I 


a quantity. Dal wo hedzutte sho ni 
tassu. Hedzuri-toru, to abstract. 

HEGASHi,-jM,-/rt, caust. of Hegu , to tear 
off, strip off. 

YL^G^,-ru,-ta, i. v. To be stripped off, 
peeled off. 

'H.EGi,-gu,-zda, t. z). To strip off, peel 
off, split off. 

Hegi, n. A strip of wood split off. He- 
gi-bon, a kind of tray made of strips of 

Hei, exclam. = yes. 

Hei, n. A fence, wall. Do-bet, a mud 
wall. Ita-bei, a board fence. Ishi-bei 
a stone fence. 

Hei, 71. Even, level, plain, common, or 
dinary, usual, peaceful, tranquil. Tai 
hei, long peace. — min, the common 
people. — tniyaku, usual state of the 
pulse. — san, a natural parturition. 

Hei, n. The cut paper suspended in a 
Miya to represent the Kami. Go-hei, 

Hei, n. A soldier, an army. — ska, a 
war chariot. — shi, a soldier. — so- 
tsu, id. 

Hei-an, n. Peace, tranquility, freedom 
from sickness, calamity or trouble. 

Hei-chi, n. Level ground or country, a 

Hei-cho. — sum. to conceal or veil an 
idol from the sight of the public. 

Heida, n. A bamboo withe, or strip. 

Heidon. — suru, to devour, swallow up, 
to subjugate, conquer. 

Hei-fuku, {tsune no kimono.) n. Com- 
mon, usual or everj'^-day clothes. 

Hei-fuku. — suru, to bow low, to 
prostrate one's self. 

Hei-ji, n. A pitcher, bottle. 

Hei-ji, (t air age osa7Heru.\ — siiru, to 
quell, subdue, to tranquilize, to quiet. 

Hei-jitsu. Qommon, usual, ordinary, 
customary, habitual ; always, constant- 

Hei-ki, 71. Weapons of war, arms. 

Hei-ki, 71. Calm, tranquil, undisturbed 
in mind, equanimity, composure, cool- 

Hei-kin. — jwrw, to make equal or 
even, equalize ; to balance, to average. 

Hei-ko, (kuchi wo tojiru.) — suru, to 
shut the mouth, to be silenced or de- 
feated in argument. 

Hei-kuwa, {tairakani yawaragu.) — 
suru, to equalize and harmonize, to 

Hei-mon, (^«^« wo tojiru^ — suru, to 
imprison in one's own house. 

Hei-motsu, 71. Presents of congratula- 
tion ; marriage presents. 




HEKIRAGASHI,-f«,-Z'rt, t. V. To shoW Or 

make a display of any thing in order 
to tease or excite desire, to tantalize. 

Hei-rei. }'.. Presents made on espousal, 
or on visits of ceremony. 

Hei-soku. n. Paper fixed to the end of 
a stick and placed before the Kami. 

Hei-soku, (foji/usagaru.) — sjiru^ to 
shut up, stop up, close, obstruct. 

HEi-TSL;KUBARi,-rz<,-^i;cZ, t. V. To pros- 
trate one's self, to bow humbly to the 

Hei-wa, n. Peace, tranquility. 

Hei-wa, «. Common colloquial, the lan- 
guage of the common people. 

Hei-yu, n. Restoration to health, cured. 
— iuru^ to restore to usual health. 

Hei-zei. Common, usual, ordinary, cus- 
tomary, habitual. 

Heki, n. A bent, peculiarity, propensi- 
ty, peculiar habit, way or eccentricity. 

Heki-giyoku, n. A kind of precious 
stone of green color; jade. 

Heki-reki, n. Flashing, glittering. 

Heki-yeki. — sum., to shrink back in 
fear, to recoil. 

Heko-heko, adv. Pliant, limber, flexi- 

Hekomashi,-^?^,-^^:, /. V. To indent, to 
pit, hollow. 

Hekomi,-w2<,-«^«, i. V. To be indent- 
ed, pitted, hollowed, worn into, (met.) 
to break down, give in, as one de- 

Hekomi, n. An indentation, a loss in 
measure or weight, a falling short. — 
7ii natta., to be short in measure. 

Hem-ben. — siiru^ to repay, pay back, 
refund, make restitution. 

Hem-butsu, n. An obstinate, bigoted 

HE-MEGURl,-r«,-i'/«, t. V. To travel 

Hem-pa, {katayori^ n. Partiality, fa- 
voritism, prejudice. 

Hem-pai, Returning the wine-glass. 

Hem-pen-to, adv. In a fluttering man- 
ner, wavering. Hata — nabiku., the 
flag flutters in the wind. 

Hem-pi. A remote country, retired, ru- 

Hem-p6, n. Answer, reply ; requital, re- 
venge, vengeance. 

Hem-pon-to, adv. In a waving, flutter- 
ing manner. Hata heinpon to kaze ni 

Hem-puku, n. A bat. 

Hen, n. Part, region, place, locality, 
side. Kono-hen., this side, neighbor- 
hood, or region. Ano-hen^ that side, 
that place. 

Hen, n, A section, or book, a set of 
books under one cover. Ippen, ni-hen, 
sam-ben. Ni hen me., the second 

Hen. An unusual, extraordinary, or 
strange affair, accident. Hen-na koto. 
Tai-Ztea, a great, or dreadful event, a 
catastrophe. — ski., an unnatural 

Hen, (tabi,) Numeral for times. Ippen., 
once. Ni-ken., twice. Sam-ben., three 
times. Iku — *no^ how many times 

Henatsuchi, n. A kind of black mud ob- 
tained from the beds of stagnant rivers 
or canals, and used for plastering. — sicru., to change, alter, re- 

Hen-GE. — suru^ to transform, meta- 
morphose, change. Kitsune ga henge 
shite hi to to 7iaru. Henge-mono., me- 
tamorphosed things. 

Hen-i, n. A wonder, prodig>', a strange 
or unusual phenomenon. — ga aru. 

Hen-ji, n. An answer, reply. — siiru., 
to return answer, to reply. 

Hen-ji, -r«,-/rt, t. v. To change, alter, 
transform, to metamorphose. Jshi wo 
hen jits kin to sum. 

Hen-ji, {kawatta koto^ n. An unusual . 
or strange event, a wonder. 

Hen-j6. — sum^to return, send back, 
repay to a superior. 

Hen-kaku. — sum., to alter, reform, to 
change, Okite -jjo — . 

Hen-kiyaku. — suru., to pay back, re- 

Hen-kutsu. Bigoted, dogmatic, formal, 
stiff in manner. — na hito. 

Hen-ku\va. n. Change, alteration, trans- 
formation, variation, vicissitude, meta- 
morphosis, — suru., to change, vary. 

Hen-no. n. Camphor. 

Hen-no. — suru., to return, send back, 
restore, paj' back. 

Henoko, n. Membrum virile. 

Hen-rei. — suru, to return a compli- 
ment, make a present in return. 

Hen-reki. — suru., to travel about. 

Hen-sai. To return, repay, restore, give 

Hen-Shi, (kata-toki^ n. A short time, 
a moment. — 7no wasuredzu. 

Hen-shin, n. Change of mind or pur- 

Hen-shin. — sum, to return, send 

Hen-shO. Obstinacy, bigotry, stubborn- 
ness ; pertinacity. 

Hen-tetsu. Utility, virtue, taste, good 
quality, always followed by mo nai. 

HEN 6 1 

Kono karashi na7i no— mo nai, this 
mustard has not the least taste. 

Hen-t6, n. Answer, reply. — surti, to 
answer, reply. 

Hen-t6-sen, n. The tonsils. 

Heo, n. The cord attached to a falcon's 

Heppirimushi, n. A kind of stinking 

Hera, n. A paddle, spatula ; a trowel. 

Heragayeri, k. a sprain of the ankle 
or foot. — wo suru. 

Herashi,-j?<,-Az, /. V. To lessen, dimin- 
ish, reduce in number or bulk, curtail, 
abate. Iriyo luo — , to lessen expenses. 
Kiii-kerasu^ to lessen by eating. Tsu- 
kai-herasu^ to lessen by using. 

Heri, w. a border, binding, edging. — 
•wo toru^ to make a border. Heri-tori- 
goza^ a mat with a binding. 

YLv.Ti.\^-rii,-tta^ i. V. To be lessened, di- 
minished, abated, to wear or waste away. 
Kadzu g-a hetta^ the number is dimin- 
ished. Hara ga — , to be hungry. 

Heri, «. A diminution, loss, waste. 
Ho-i ga tatsti. 

HERi-K;L'DARi,-r«,-^ifa. i. V. To hum- 
ble one's self. 

Hesaki, n. The prow or bow of a 

HESHi,-j?<,-/a, /. V. To diminish, les- 

Heshi,-^?^,-^!^, /. V. To press down, 
force down, to crush, to repress, sub- 
due. Heshi-aii, to push one's self for- 
ward before others. Heshi-oru^ to 
break by pressing down, as across the 
knee. Heshi-tsukeru^ to silence, to 
prevent from speaking. 

Heshi-guchi, n. Shutting the mouth, 
keeping silent. — shite kitto kenji 

Heso, n. A ball of thread. 

Heso, n. The navel. — no £7, the navel 

Heso-kuri-gane, n. Pin money, the 

small private earnings of the wife. 
Heta, n. The calyx of the blossom 

which remains attached to the fruit. 
Heta. Unskilful, inxperienced, unused 

to, clumsy, bungling, awkward. Saikii 

ga — da^ the work is badly done. 
HETABARi.-rz<,-^M, z. V. To bend down, 

to bow low. Hetabari-tsukii , id. 
Heta-heta-to, adz'. Limber, pliant 

flexible. Hetarito^ id. 
HETSUKLiBARi,-r«,-/'z'rt, /. V. To fawn, 

or act the sycophant, to bow and assent 

to every thing another says. 
HETSURAi,-a«,-rt/'/rt:, t. V. To flatter, to 

fawn upon, pay court to, to play the 


sycophant, to endeavor to please. Hito 
ni hetsurau. Hetsurai mono^ a flat- 
terer, a sycophant. 

Hetsurai, «. Flattery, adulation, syco- 

Hettsui, n. A cooking range, kitchen 
I furnace. 
■ Heya, n. A room, apartment. 

Heya-dzumi, n. A son who, though 
grown up, still lives with his parents. 

Hi, n. The sun. — no de^ the rising of 
the sun. — no iri, the setting of the 

Hi, n. Day. 

Hi, n. Fire. — no te, the flame of a 
conflagration. — no mi, a fire look- 
out. — no miban^ a fire watch. — no 
ko^ sparks of fire. 

Hi, n. The longitudinal groove in a 
sword blade. 

Hi, n. The spleen. Hi no zo, id. 

Hi, n. Vermilion color. Hi-jiremen^ 
red crape. 

Hi, {kori,) n. Ice. Usu-ki^ thin ice. 

Hi, {aradzu^ n. Evil, error, faults, de- 
fects, bad, wrong, not so. — luo utsu., 
to criticise. — ni ochiru^ to be con- 
victed of wrong. Ze to hi no -wakara- 
nu inono^ a person who does not know 
the difference between right and wrong. 
Hi yaku^ out of office. 

Hi, n. A water pipe, spout, trough, a 

Hi, n. A weaver's shuttle. Hata no 

Hi. n. A monument, a stone tablet, a 
stone cut for lithographing. Seki ki^ a 

■ stone monument. Hi no mei, the in- 
scriptions on a monument. 

'Ri,{kuraberu). Comparison. — suru, 
to compare, match. 

Hi, {kakusti). — surjt.^ to hide, conceal. 

Hi,-r«,-^a, i. V. Dried in the sun, to 
dry, to ebb, as the tide. Hi-kata, the 
the dry beach. Hi-agaru, fully dried. 
Hi-viono, articles of food dried in the 
sun, patticularly dried fish. 

Hi,-r?<,-/rt, t. V. To winnow or clean 
grain by throwing it up in the air and 
catching it in a basket. Mi de koine 
■wo hiru. 

Hi-ABURi, «. Punishment by burning at 
the stake. — ni siirti. 

Hi-ai, n. Several days, a number of 
days, time. — ga tatta, many days 
have elapsed. 

'iii-AG\Ri.-ru,-tia, i. v. Dried up, arid, 

Hi-ASHi, «. The rays of the sun. Mado 
kara hi-ashi ga sas7{. 

Hi-BA, n. Dried radish leaves. 

HIB 62 

HiBA, n. The Thujopsis Delabrata. 
HiBABA, n. Great-grandmother. 
HiBACHi, n. A brazier, or pan for hold- 
ing hot coals. 
Hi-BAN. Not on duty, ofT-duty. Kon- 
nichi hi-ban de gozariinasii. 

HiBANA, n. A spark. 

Hi-BARi, n. A sky-lark. 

HiBASAMi, n. The cock of a gun. or the 
place where the match is held in a 

Hi-BASHi, H. Two iron rods used for tak- 
ing up fire, tongs. 

HiBi, n. Chaps, or cracks in the hands 
produced by cold. Te ni — ga kireta. 
Hibi-akagire^ chapped and cracked. 

HiBi, n. A crack, the cracked appear- 
ance of porcelain. Hibi-yakt\ a kind 
of porcelain made to look as if crack- 

Hi-Bi-Ni, adv. Daily, every day. 

HiBiiCASE,-r«,-2'«, caust. of Hibiki, to 
cause to reverberate. 

HiBiKi,-/^«-/a, 2. V. To echo, resound, 
reverberate ; to extend, as an impulse, 
shock, or concussion. Hibiki -watarii^ 
to reverberate on every side. 

HiBiKi, n. Sound, noise, report, echo, 
shock, concussion, a crack. 

HiBiso, n. An inferior kind of raw silk 
made from the outside fibres of a co- 

HiBO. or HiMO, n. Cord, braid. 

HiBOSHi. Dried in the sun ; (met.), ema- 
ciated by starvation, Hiboshi-gaki., 
dried persimmons. 

Hi-BU, n. Interest by the day. — de 
kane wo kariru. 

Hi-BUKURE, n. The blister from a burn. 

Hi-BUN. Unbecoming one's station, im- 
proper, unjust, unreasonable, dispro- 
portionate. — no furimiai. 

HiBUNE, 71. A steamboat. 

Hi-BURUI, n. Daily shake of the ague. 

H-BUSE, «. A charm to protect against 

Hi-BUTA, «. The cap that covers the 
pan of a matchlock. 

HiCHiKUDOi,-/{-z.-^M, a. Annoying or 
troublesome by saying over and over 
the same thing. 

HiCHiRiKi, n. A small pipe, or flageo- 
lette. — no shita^ the reed of a flageo- 

HiDA, n. Plaits, folds. — ivo torn, to 

Hi-DAI. Corpulent, fat. 

Yi\p.\cn\,-tsu,-ita^ :. v. To gradually 
improve, to grow better in health or 
larger in size. Akatnbo ga dan-dan 


Hi-DACHi, n. The daily improvement, 

the daily growth. 
Hi-DAMA, n. Will of the wisp, ignis 

fatuus, a ball of fire. 
HiDARi, n. The left. — 7to te^ the left 

HiDARi-GAMAYE, «. A left position, or 

left guard, as in fencing. 
HiDARi-GiKi, or HiDARi-GiTCHo, «. Left- 
HiDARi-.MAKi, n. Turning towards the 

left in winding. 
HiDARi-MAVE, n. Buttoning on the left 
side, the right breast of the coat folded 
over the left. 
HiDARi-XAWA, «. A rope made by twist- 
ing to the left. 
HiDARUi,-,^/,-,^?^,-^-/?/, a. Hungry. Hi- 

darukii fiai., not hungry. 
HiDARUGARi,-r«,-^M, t. V. To feel hun- 

HiDAKUSA, n. The degree or state of 

Hi-DASHi,-vr«,-^a, t. v. To winnow, or 
clean by throwing up the grain with a 
shallow basket called a iiti. 

Hi-DEN, «. A secret, or private formula, 
art, or instruction which one has been 
taught by others, or which has come 
down in one's family. — wo oshiyeru. 

HiDERi, 71. A drought. — doshi, a year 
of drought. 

Hi-Do (michi ni aradzu). Cruel, out- 
rageous,- unjust, dishonest. — wo suru, 
to act unjustly. 

Hi-DOGU, n. Tools for striking fire, as 
flint, steel, tinder, etc. ^ 

iiiV)Oi,-ki.,-kii^-shz, a. Hard, violent, in- 
tense, severe, grievous, cruel, outra- 
geous, excessive, atrocious. Hidoku 
7iur2t, to become severe. 

Hi-DOKEi, n. A sun dial. • 

HiDOKO, n. A fire-place. 

HiDORi, ru,-tta, i. v. To dry by heating 
in a pan, to roast. 

Hi-DORI, n. Selecting or fixing on a day. 
— wo suru. 

HiDOSA, n. Severity, atrocity, intensity, 

HiDZLME, n. The hoof of an animal. 

HiDZUME,-r«,-?a, t.v. To tighten, straight- 
en, contract. 

HiDZUMi,-;«K,-«£/rt, i.v. Bent, deviating 
from the right line, inclined, oblique, 
aslant, awry, askew, crooked ; warped, 
depraved, vicious. 

HiFU, 71. A kind of coat, worn by doc- 
tors, priests, or gentlemen who have re- 
tired from business. 

Hi-FU {kawa., hadaye). The skin, text- 
ure and color of the skin. 



Hi-FUKI, n. A vessel into which tobacco 
ashes are blown from the pipe. — daA-e, 
a piece of bamboo used for blowing the 
Hi-GAKE, n. Daily payments or con- 
tributions. Tana-chi)i ivo — ni shite 
torn . 
HiGA-KOTO, n. A mistake, error, some- 
thing false, untrue, absurd ; insincere 
in talking. 
HiGAMBANA, n. The Ornithoglum. 
HiGA-ME, «. Seeing incorrectly, an error 

of sight. 
HiGAMi,-7«z<,-«^«, /. V. To be bent, 
crooked, warped ; perverse, prejudiced, 
HiGAN, n. The spring and autumnal 

HiGANAi,-/^/,-/^?^, a. Poor, indigent, des- 
titute. Higanai kurashi^ living in in- 
HiGAN.\-iCHi-NiCHi. The whole day. 
HiGAN-ZAKURA, «. A kind of flowering 

cherry tree. 
Hi-GARA. The kind of day, as to lucky 

or unlucky. — ga yoi. 
HiGARAME, n. Squint-eyed. 
HiGASA, n. A parasol, sun-shade. 
HiGASHi, n. The east. — 7io ho, — no 
kata^ eastern side. — muki^ facing the 
Hi-GAYERi. Going and .eturning on the 

same day. 
High, «. The beard. U-wa-hige^ a mus- 
tache. Hd-hige^ whiskers. Shita-hige, 
the beard on the chin. 
HiGE. Behaving in an humble manner, 
taking a low place ; depreciating one's 
self. Hige siigzru,, to be over modest 
or humble. 
Hi-Gi. — suru^ to vilify, backbite, speak 

evil of, calumniate. 
HiGi {gi ni aradzii). Unjust, unreason- 
able, improper. 
Hi-GiRi, n. A fixed time, a set time. 

— IVO sum., to set a time. 
HiGO, «. A long and slender slip of 

bamboo, used in making baskets. 
Hi-Go. Innocent, guiltless, not having 
done anything in a previous state of ex- 
istence to bring down retribution in this 
Hi-GORo. Common, usual, for years past, 

Hi-GOTAi, n. The property of enduring 
or resisting fire. — ga yoi, incombus- 
tible, fire-proof. — ga warui,, easily 
Hi-GOTO-Ni, adv. Daily, ever^' day. 
Hi-GUCHi, n. The touch-hole of a gun. 
Hi-GURASHi, «. A kind of Cicada. 

Hi-GURE, n. Sunset, evening. 
HiGuwASHi, n. Dried fruit, a kind of 

Hi-HAN. — stint,, to criticise, to point 
out the defects, to animadvert upon ; 
to speak evil of, vilify, find fault with. 

HiHARA n. The side of the abdoman. 

HiHATSU, n. Cubebs. 

Hi-Hi, n. The orang-outang. 

HiHo. — steru,, to speak evil of, slander, 

HiiBABA, n. Great-great-grandmother. 

HiiDE,-r«,-/a, i. v. To be luxuriant, to 
be elegant, splendid, excellent ; to be 
eminent, glorious. Gaku ni hiidcru, 
eminent in learning. 

Hiijiji, 71. Great-great-grandfather. 

HiiKi, n. Partialitj', favoritism, preju- 
dice. — wo suru., to be partial. ?ii 
OHIO., to feel partiality. 

HiiMAGO, n. Great-great-grandson. 

HiiRU, n. The moth of a silkworm. 

Hijl. The elbows. — wo niagete ina- 
kura to suru,, to make a pillow of the 

Hiji, n. A secret. 

Hiji-ji, n. Great-grandfather. 

HijiKi, n. A wooden elbow, brace, a 
wooden knee. 

HijiKi, n. A kind of edible seaweed. 

Hi-jiNi, n. Death by starvation. 

HijiRi, n. A sage, one intuitively wise 
and good. 

Hiji-TSUBO, n. A hook and staple hinge, 
a ball and socket joint. 

Hi-j6 {tszme ni aradzit). Uncommon, 
unusual, strange, extraordinary. 

Hi-j6 (kokoro aradzu). Without feeling, 
inanimate. U-jo hi-jo,, animate and 

Hi-jo-Gi, n. A post used for showing the 
hour by its shadow. 

Hi-jUTSTU, n. Secret art or skill. 

HiKAGE, n. Sunlight, sunshine ; shade. 
Hikage mono, one who, for some of- 
fence, IS compelled to live in privacy. 

HiKAKi, n, A fire-poker. 

HiKAKU. — sztru, to compare. 

HiKAN, ti. Marasmus. 

HiKARABi,-r7c,-?^rt, i. V. Dried and shriv- 
eled by the sun. 

HiKARASE,-r?('.-^a. To cause to shine, 
to make bright. 

HiKARE,-r?<,-^<j, pass, of Hiku„ to be led, 
to be treated with partiality, favored, 
drawn, tempted, influenced. 

HiKARi, n. Light, lustre, radiance, re- 
fulgence, brightness, gloss, brilliancy, 
glitter; (met.), influence, power, virtue. 

Yi.\Vi.\R\,-ru.,-tta, i. 7'. To shine, to glit- 
ter, sparkle, glisten, glossy, bright, to 




flash, gleam. Hikari-iuataru^ to glis- 
ten on all sides. Inadzuvia ga — , the 
lightning flashes. 

HiKASARE,-r«,-/a, pass, of Hikasu, to be 
tempted, enticed, led astray. 

HiKATA, n. A dry sandy beach. 

Hi-K:ATAMARi,-r«,-2'/rt, /. 71. To be dry 
and baked by the sun. 

HiKAVE,-r?/,-/^, /. V. To pull back, to 
draw back ; to restrain one's self, re- 
frain, to hold-back ; to hold up, sup- 
port ; to check, to stop ; to forbear ; to 
jot down, to make a note of. Kuchi 
wo — , to refrain from speaking. Hika- 
yete hito wo idsu, to step back and let 
another pass. 

HiKAYE, n. Entry, note, minute, or 
memorandum made as a voucher, any- 
thing kept in reserve, an heir, successor. 

HlKAVE-BASHIRA, «. A prop. 

HiKAVE-GAKi, n. A memorandum, a 
note, minute, voucher. 

HiKAYEME, n. Forbearance, self-restraint, 
moderation, temperance. — ni suru, 
to exercise moderation. Banji — ni 
nasare^ be temperate in all things. 

Hike, n. Retiring, withdrawing. — %vo 
ioru, to be defeated, or withdraw from 
a contest. 

HiKE,-r?/,-/'a!, z. V. To withdraw, retire, 
leave off, to cheapen. Nedan wa kike- 
7nasen, I cannot cheapen it. Hike- 
kucki, a way by which to retire. 

Hike-mono, n. Articles sold by a pawn- 

Hi-KEN, {hiraki ntiru). To open and 
read (a letter). 

HiKERAKASHi,-j«,-/a. To cause to shine ; 
to display in order to cause another to 
feel envious. 

Hi-Keshi, n. A fire extinguisher ; a fire- 
man. — gii7ni^ a fire company. 

HiKE-suGi,-r«,-/a, i. V. Retired, with- 
drawn, left. 

Hi-ketsu, n. Constipation of bowels. 

Hiki. Numeral for animals ; for a piece 
of silk of fifty-two feet long ; for ten 
cash ; draught or haul of a net. U7na 
7ia7nbiki, how many horses? Kinu 
ipj/tki, one. piece of silk. Hiyappiki^ 
one ichibu. 

Hiki, «. Frog. 

Hiki,-/^2<,-/«, t. V. To pull, draw, haul, 
drag, lead, tow ; to retire, withdraw 
from, retreat ; to stretch, prolong, ex- 
tend, spread ; to deduct, subtract ; to 
quote, cite ; to look for a word in a 
dictionary ; to distribute ; to saw, to 
grind ; to play on a stringed instrument. 
Iki wo — , to draw a breath. Yedzii 
ivo — , to draw a picture. Koye wo — , 

to utter a long sound. Ato wo — , to 
hold on, or prolong the doing of any- 
thing. Kaze wo — , to catch a cold. 
Kiu-kiTt wo — , to cut one's wages. 
Nedan wo — , to cheapen the price. 
Mi wo — , to retire. 

HiKi-AGEj-rw,-/^, /. V. To draw up, to 
go up in price, to be promoted ; to 
quote, cite. 

'HiK.i-Ai^-ari.-atia, t. v. To pull in op- 
posite directions or against each other ; 
to be answerable for, responsible for ; 
to be implicated, involved in, or com- 
promised in an affair ; to be profitable : 
to consult together. Te wo hikiatte 
ariiku^ to walk hand-in-hand. Hikiaic 
7/10710, a profitable article of sale. Hi- 
ki-awa7tu^ unprofitable article or busi- 

HiKi-Ai, n. Answerable, responsible ; 
implicated or involved along with 
others ; a mercantile arrangement. 

HiKi-AKE,-r«,-^M, t. V. To draw or pull 

Hiki-ake, n. Day-break, dawn. 

HiKi-AMi, n. A seine. 

HiKi-ATE, ft. Security, pledge. — ni 
suru, to give as security. 

HiKi-ATE,-r«,-/«, t. V. To place together 
in order to compare, match, or value ; 
to pit against. 

HiKi-AWASE,-rM,-ifa, t. v. To introduce, 
make acquainted ; to draw together ; to 
compare together, to collect. Yoroi 
no hiki-awase, the joints of armor 
where it is fastened together. Mi 7ii 
hiki-awasete ka/igdte 77iiru, to apply . 
it to himself and ponder over it. 

HiKi-CHA, n. Powdered tea. 

HiKi-CHiGAYE,-r?<,-/'a, /. V. To dislocate ; 
take the place of one who has just 

HiKi-DASHi,-jM,-jfd:, t. V. To draw or 
pull out ; to find a word in the diction- 
ary ; to quote, cite. 

HiKi-DASHi, n. A drawer. 

HiKi-DE-MONO, n. A present of some of 
the viands made to a guest after a 

HiKi-DO, n. A sliding door. 

HiKi-DZURi,-r?<,-/'/a, /. ?/. To drag along 
the ground, to pull or haul along. 

HiKi-DZURi, n. A slattern, an idle, lazy 

HiKiDZURi-KOMi,-wza,-«^a, t. V. To 
drag into ; to allure, entice, draw or at- 
tract ; ensnare. 

HiKi-FUDA, n. A circular, a hand-bill, 

HiKi-FUNE, n. A tow-boat, a tug. 

HiKi-GANE, «. The trigger of a gun. 

HIK 65 

HiKi-HADA, n. A leather sword-case. 

HlKI-HADZUSHI,-J«,-/rt, t. v. To puU OUt 

of its place, or from its fastenings. 
HiKi-HAGi,-^M-,?f/a, (coll. hippaji^ t. v. 

To pull or strip off a covering. 
HiKi-HANASHi,-j«,-/'.-;, (coll. kippana- 

shi,) t. V. To pull apart ; to pull off. 

HlKI-HARI,-r?<,-^/'<:?, t. V. To puU, tO 

stretch, to make taught, make tense. 

HiKi-HASAMl,-;«z<,-«c//f, (coll. kippasa- 
mi,) t. V. To take up anything with 
two sticks, to place between two 

HiKi-HATAKE,-r7/,-/^, (coll. htppatake^ 
t. V. To pull open or apart, as the 
eyelids, mouth, etc. 

HiKi-HATAKi,--/^?^,-/Y«, (coll. hippataki^ 
t. V. To beat, as in dusting a mat. 

HiKi-i,-r;<,-//rt, t. V. To lead, command, 
head, conduct, to bring. 

Yiw.w^-ki ^ku ^shi . Low, same as hikui. 

HiKi-iRE,-r;<,-^rt, /. V. To draw in, to 
lead in, seduce, entice ; to enter. 

HiKi-iRO, n. The appearance of retreat- 
ing, to look like giving way or with- 

HiKi-KABURi,-r?^,-^^a, (coll. hikkaburi^ 
t. V. To draw anything over the 

HiKi-KADZUKi,-/^z^,-zV«, (coll. Jiikkadzu- 
ki^) t. V. To throw over the head. 

HiKi-KAYE,-r?^,-^a, t. V. To exchange, 
to turn back, to repent, retire from, 
withdraw from. 

HiKi-KAYESHi,-j-z<,-^rt, (coll. Jtikkayeshi^ 
t. V. To draw or pull back, to turn 
over, to lead back, to retract, with- 

HiKi-KAZE, «. A cold, catarrh. 

HiKi-KOMi,-;««,-«^«, t. V. To draw in- 
to, to persuade, induce, or entice to 
enter ; to draw in, contract ; to em- 
bezzle ; to retire from business. 

HiKi-KOMORi,-r«,-^/rt, i. V. To be con- 
fined to the house, shut up, immured 
within the house. 

HiKi-KOSHi,-,r;^,-^«, (coll. hikkoshi^ t. v. 
To remove one's dwelling, to move 
from one house to another, to change 
one's residence. 

HiKi-KOTO, n. A quotation, citation. 

HiKi-KUDAKi,-/^z<,-zVa, t. V. To break, 
or grind to pieces. 

HiKi-KUMi,-;««,-«ar«, (coll. hikkumi^ 
i. V. To be clasped together. 

HiKi-KiR.\BE,-r2^,-^a, t. V. To com- 

HiKi-MADO, «. A sliding window in the 

HiKi-MATOME,-r«,-/<z, t. 71. To collect 

in a pile, to gather, to assemble. 


HiKi-MAWASHi,-ja,-^rt, t. V. To lead 
about, to pull around ; to employ or 
order about. 

HiKi-ME, n. A kind of conjuration by 
means of a bow and arrow, for the 
purpose of nullifying evil influences. 

HiKi-Mi,-r2<,-/a, t. v. To try, prove, 

HiKi-MODOSHi,-.??^,-;'^, t. V. To lead, 
draw or pull back. 

HiKi-MOGi,-^?/,-z^/«, t. V. To twist off, 
to wrench off. 

HiKi-MONO, 71. Articles turned in a lathe ; 
a dessert of fruit, or confectionary, or 
articles brought on the table merely for 

HiKi-MUKE,-r«,-^fl:, t.v. To pull in front 
of, to pull opposite to. 

HiKi-MusHiRi,-r?<,-/a, t. V. To pluck off, 
as grass, without eradicating. 

HiKi-MusuBi,-3z<,-«^a, ^. V. To draw and 
tie in a knot. 

HiKi-MusuBi, 7t. A bow-knot. 

HiKi-NARASHi,-«^,-^«, t. V. To twang, 
or play, as on a guitar ; to level, make 

HiKi-NOBASHi,-j?<,-^a, t. V. To pull and 
lengthen, to stretch. 

HiKi-NOBE,-rM,-M, t. V. To lengthen by 
pulling, to stretch. 

HiKi-NOKE,-r7<,-/'rt, t. V. To puH to one 
side, or out of the way, to pull from 
amongst others, to subtract. 

HiKi-NOKORi, n. The balance of an ac- 
count, the remainder. 

HiKi-NUKi,-,^?<,-zVa, t. V. To pull up by 
the roots, to extract, eradicate ; to pick 
out, select. 

HiKi-oi, n. A debt, obligation, or lia- 
bility incurred in trade. 

HiKi-OKOSHi,-jz<,-i'fl, i. V. To pull and 
make to stand up, to raise up. 

HiKi-OROSHi,-^«,-2fa, t. V. To help down, 
to pull or drag down from a high place. 

HiKi-OTOSHi,-.y/(:,-z'«, t. V. To pull down, 
pull off so as to fall, to remove confec- 
tionary from the table after an enter- 
tainment ; to subtract. 

HiKi-S.\BAKi,-/{-«,-zVrt, (coll. hissabaki^ 
t. V. To pull and tear. 

HiKi-SAG.\Ri,-r«,-zVa;, i. V. To be pulled 
down, to be abased, humbled. 

HiKi-SAGE,-r?<,-/a, (coll. hissage^ i. v. 
To fall in price. 

HiKi-SAKi,--^«,-z7zj:, t. V. To tear, rend. 

HiKi-SHiBARi,-r?<,-i'/rt, (coll. hitchibari). 
To tie, bind, as a criminal. 

HiKi-SHiBORi,-ra,-^e?«, t. v. To draw, as 
a bow. 

HiKi-SHiRAi,-<^?^,-rtz'/(?, /. V. To be long, 
protracted, delayed, lingering, slow. 

HIK 66 

HiKi-SHiRizoKi,-/^?<,-zV«, i. V. To retreat, 

retire, withdraw, leave. 
HiKi-SHiwo, n. Ebb-tide. 
HiKi-SOYE,-r«,-^«, t. V. To draw near, 

bring close. 
HiKi-TAOSHi,-J7^,-^a, t. V. To pull over 

anything standing, pull down. 

HlKI-TATE,-/V<,-^rt, t. V. To pull up, tO 

pull and make erect ; to favor, to pro- 
mote ; to excite, rouse. 

HiKi-TAWAME,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To pull and 
bend down, as the branch of a tree. 

HiKiTE, n. A knob, a catch in a screen 
to open and shut it by. 

HiKi-TODOME,-r?<,-/a, t. V. To puU and 
stop, to detain, to stay. 

HiKi-TORi,-r?<,-/a, t. V. To take or 
bring away, to take back, to remove, 
to withdraw ; to draw, as money from a 

HiKi-TSUDZUKi,-/4'«,-zVrt, i. V. To con- 
tinue a length of time , to succeed in a 
long series, to be long continued. 

HiKi-TSUKE,-rz^,-^a, t. V. To draw close 
to, to have a fit, to be convulsed, to 

HlKI-TSUKUROI,-^,-<?//'a, /. V. To pull 

and adjust one's clothes, to mend. 
'HiKi-TSUME,-r?^,-^rt, /. V. To draw and 

tighten, as anything slack ; to contract, 

to straiten. 
HiKi-TSURE,-r?<,-/rt, t. V. To lead, to 

take along with, to take in company. 
HiKi-TSURi,-r?<,-if/'ij, /. V. To be cramped, 

contracted, drawn together, as in 

HiKi-UKE,-r?/,-^rt, /. V. To engage, to 

undertake, to contract, to be responsi- 
ble for, to take, receive. Mi no uye ni 

— , to take upon one's self. 
HiKi-usu, n. A mill-stone. 
HiKi-WAKE,-rz<,-^a,/. v. To pull apart ; 

separate, as two men fighting ; to 

HiKi-WARi,-^«,-^^«, /. V. To saw in two. 
HiKi-WARi, n. A kind of coarsely ground 

HiKi-WATASHi,-«^,-^rt, i. V. To pass 

over, hand over, deliver up. 
HiKi-YABURi,-a?/,-/^a,.i'. w. To pull and 

Hi-KiVAKU, n. A postman, courier. 

Hi-Kivo. Craven - hearted, cowardly, 
weak-hearted, timid. 

HiKi-vosE,-r;/,-^a;, t. v. To pull or lead 
near; to draw near, approach. 

HiKivuRU, same as Hikii. To lead, com- 
mand, conduct. 

HiKKA, n. A pen-rest, pen-rack. 

HiKKAGAMi, «. The hollow behind the 
knee, popliteal space. 


HiKKAKARi,-r« ,-//«, {hiki-kakari^ i. v. 
To be caught, hooked, hitched or en- 
tangled in anything. 

HiKKAKAYE,-r«,-/«, (Iiiki-kakaye^ t. v. 
To take, embrace, or carry in the 

HiKKAKE,-r?^,-/a, {hiki-kake,) t. v. To 
hitch, hook, catch, or fasten on to any- 

HiKKi, n. A journal, note-book, a note 
or memorandum. 

HiKKiYo, adv. Just the same as, nothing 
more nor less than. 

HiKKo, (fude de tagayasu^) n. Making 
a business of copying, or living by 
writing. Hikko-kaki, a copyist. 

HiKKOK.\SHi,-.r?/,-^«, t. V. To pull over, 
to pull down anything. 

HiKKoui, -}}iu^-nda, i. v. To draw back, 
to be sunk in or hollowed, to be con- 
fined to the house. 

HiKKUKURi,-rK,-^rt, /. V. To bind, tie, 
to choke. 

HiKKURiKAYE,-r?<,-^rt, /. V. To be up- 
set, capsized, overturned, overset ; to 
turn about, 

HlKKURIKAYESHI,-r?<,-^«, t. V. To Up- 

set, capsize, overset, overturn. 

HiKO, n. The uvula. 

HiKO, n. Great-grandson. 

HiKOBAYE, n. The sprouts which shoot 
up from the stump of a tree, or after 
grain has been cut. 

HiKO-BOSHi, n. The name of two stars 
near the milky-way, worshipped on the 
seventh day of the seventh month. 

HiKri,-^/,-/^«,-*/i/, a. Low. not high. 
Sei ga — , short in stature. Koye ga — , 
the voice is low. Hi ga hikuku 
natta^ the sun is low. Hito ni hikuku 
de7-!c^ to take a low place before others. 
Hikuku suru^ to make low. 

HiKUMEKi,--^a,-zVrt, i. V. To jerk, twitch, 
or start, as in sleep. 

HiKuSA, «. The lowness, shortness, the 
the height. 

HiMA, n. An interval or space between 
things, a crack ; spare or unoccupied 
time, leisure ; time, opportunity ; breach 
of friendship, discord. — ga iiai, have 
no time. — ga kakaru., takes time. 
Hiina na hito, a man out of employ- 
ment. Hima ivo dasii^ to dismiss, (as 
a servant). — -wo kd^ to ask for dismis- 
sion. — wo oshiviu^ to grudge the 
time. — IVO ukago^ to watch for an 

Hi-MACHi, n. The worship of the rising 

HiMADORi,-r-M,-//«, /. V. To take time, 
be slow, tardy, dilatory, late, to delay. 

HIM 67 

HiMA-iRi,-r«,-/f^a, /. V. To take time, 

to require time in doing anything. 
Hi-MAN, n. Corpulent, fat. — na hito. 
HiMASHi, «. Castor bean. — no abura^ 

castor oil. 
Hi-MASHi-Ni, adv. Daily more and more, 

increasing day by day. — anibai ga 

yoku naru. 
HiMAWARi, n. The sunflower. 
HiME, n. A princess, lady. 
HiME,-r«,-/a, t. V. To hide, conceal, 

keep private. Htme-oku^ to hide a- 

HiMEGAKi, n. A parapet. 

HiME-GOTO, n. A secret. 

HiME-HAGi, n. The Polygala Japonica. 

HiME-HAjiiME, «. The first needle-work 
of a new year. 

Hi-MEi, {ievimei ni aradzii). Not the 
will of heaven, accidental, unnatural. 
— no ski wo nasu, to die an unnatural 

Hi-MEi, n. An inscription on a monu- 

HiME-MiVA, n. A princess, only applied 
to the daughter of the Mikado. 

HiMEMOSU, adv. The whole day. 

HiME-NORi, n. A paste or starch made 
of rice flour. 

HiME-YURi, n. The Lilium Callosum. 

Hi-MiTSU, n. A secret, mystery. — wo 
iu^ to tell a secret. 

HiMo, n. A cord, braid, ribbon. 

Hi-MOCHi, n. Lasting in the fire, stand- 
ing the fire, not quickly consumed. 



-ga I 

Hi-MoDE, n. Daily visiting the temples. 

HiMOjn,-/^z,-/^2<,-.r/z/, a. Hungry. Hi- 
7}iojiku nai, not to be hungry. 

HiMOjisA, n. The state or degree of 

Hi-MON, n. A secret sentence used by 
conjurers, a charm, incantation. 

Hi-MONO, n. Dried fish. 

Hi-MONO, n. Articles made of the Hino- 
ki, such as pill-boxes, small plain box- 
es, etc. 

Hi.MONO-SHi, n. The maker of articles 
made of the Hinoki. 

Hi-MOTO, n. The place where fire is 
used, or where a conflagration com- 

Hi-MURO. 71. An ice house. 

HiN, {rnadztcshii). Poor, poverty. — 
jin, a poor man. — ?«z«, poor people. 
— pu, poor and rich. Hin-chi., poor 
soil. Hin-ka, a poor family. Hin-ku^ 
poor and distressed. Hinsen., poor 
and mean. 

HiN, (sktna), n. Kind, sort, quality. 
yd-hin., superior quality. Ge-hin., in- 

ferior quality. Hin no yoi ktto., a fine 

looking man. 
HiNA, or HiiNA, «. Small images made 

of clay, a young bird. Hina-dzuru., a 

young crane. 
HiNA, {inaka)., n. The country, rural, 

rustic. Hina-bito., a countryman, rus- 

HiNABi,-r«,-/«, /. V. To be countrified, 

rustic, clownish, awkward. 
HiNA-GATA, n. A plan, design, model ; a 

table, a form of a writing, copy ; an 

emblem, type. 
Hi-NAKA. During the day, in day-light, 

Hi-NAMi, adv. Daily, every day, day after 

day, ordinarily. 
Hi-NAN, n. Speaking evil of, censure, 

fault-finding. — suru, to censure. 
Hi-NASHi, n. Money borrowed to be re- 
paid with interest by daily instalments. 

— zvo karu. — gane. 
HiNAT.A. n. Sunshine, a sunny place. 

H hiata-kusai ., stinking from exposure 

to the sun. 
HiNATA-BOKKO. Basking in the sun. 

HiNAVE,-r?^,-/«, i. v. To be wilted by the 
heat of the sun, to be flaccid by drying. 

HiNAWA, n. A rope-match for a match- 

HiNE, {/uru). Old, not new or fresh. 
Hine-go7ne^ old rice. 

HiNE,-r^^,-i'rt, /. V. To be old, to be 
musty, or withered. 

HiNEKKOBi, -?-«.-/«, t. V. To be prema- 
turely old, to be young and yet old in 
appearance or manner. 

HiNEKURi,-ri<,-i'^rt, t. V. To twist, or 
roll in the fingers, to turn, to screw, 
Kojo wo — , to use high-flown language. 

HINE-KURI-MAWASHI,-^«,-^<^, t. V. To 

twirl in the fingers, to play with, or 

turn about in the hands. 
HiNER!,-rz<,-i'a, t. V. To twist, or roll in 

the fingers, to screw, turn, to knead. 
HiNERi-BUMi, «. A note fastened by 

being twisted or folded instead of being 

Hi-NiN, {hito ni aradzii). A beggar, a 

leather dresser. 
HiNivAKU, Weak, feeble, not strong in 

HiN-Kiu, n. Poverty, indigence, want, 

Hi-NOBE, n. Extension of time, post- 
ponement. — zvo surii. 
Hi-NO-Ki, n. The Retinispora Obtusa. 
Hi-NO-KURUMA, «. The car of fire in 

which the souls of the wicked are said 

to be taken to hell. 




Hi-NO-MARU, n. The Japanese flag of a 
red ball on a white ground, represent- 
ing the sun. 

Hi-xo-MiVAGURA, «. A fire tower, watch, 
or look-out. 

Hi-NO-MOTO, n. Japan. A fire-place. — 
g^o ydjin nasare. 

Hi-NO-MONO-DACHi, ft. Abstinence from 
cooked food. 

HiNOSHi, n. A smoothing iron. 

Hi-xo-TO, n. One of the ten calendar 

Hi-NO-YE, 71. One of the ten signs. 

Hi-NO-zo, n. The spleen. 

HiN-SEKi. — jKr«, to dismiss, expel, or 
turn out of office. 

Hi-OBA, «. Grandfather's sister, grand 

Hi-ODOSHi, n. Armor, the plates of which 
are bound together by red thread. 

Hi-6gi, 71. A fen made of the Hinoki. 

Hi-6gi, 71. The Ixia Chinensis. 

Hi-oi, 71. A sun screen. 

Hi-OKORi, 7i. A quotidian ague. 

HipPADzusHi,-«/,-/a, /. V. To dodge, to 
avoid by a sudden movement, to escape 
by starting aside. 

HiPP.\KL', 71. Destitution, want, scarcity. 

Hippo, «. The rules of penmanship, 
mode of writing or forming characters. 

Hip-pu, «. A low, vulgar person. 

HiRA, «. Flat, level, plain ; common ; 
surface, the leaf of a book. Te 7io hira., 
the palm of the hand. Bira-satnurai, 
common soldier. Hira ichi 77ien, the 
whole, universal. Hira-bito., a com- 
mon person. Hira-chi., level ground, 
a flat country. 

Hira, «, A laquered bowl with a cover. 

HiRA-BARi, 71. A lancet. 

Hirada, 71. A flat-boat. 

HiRA-HiRA-TO, adv. With a broad, wavy, 
or undulating motion. Cho ga — tobu. 

HiRA-GAMA, 71. A flat pot for cooking, a 

HiRAGi, «. The Ilex or holly. 

HiRA-KANA, «. The grass characters 
used to represent the 47 Japanese sylla- 

HiRAKE,-r«,-i'a, i. y. To be open, un- 
folded, to be civilized, enlightened. 
Mune ga — , to be re ieved of gloom. 

HiRAKi,-.>t-«,-zVrt, t. •<-. or i. V. To open, 
to unclose, unscal, uncover, unfold, 
spread out ; to begin, to explain, to re- 
veal, to clear from obstruction. Hata- 
■wo — , to clear land. Seki ivo — , to 
dismiss a meeting. Fu7te ga iiva wo 
hiraite hashiru^ the ship gives the 
rock a wide berth. 

HiRAKi, w The opening, beginning. 

blooming ; a door. Mise-biraki wo 
sum., to open a new store. 

HiRAKi-DO, «. A door which opens on 

HiRA.ME, 71. The sole fish. 

HiR.-\ME,-ri<,-^/«, t. V. To make flat, 

HiRAMEKASHi,-jM,-^rt, t. V. To wave, 
brandish, flourish, flash, glisten. 

HiRAMEKi,-/t«,-zVa, i. V. I'o wave, undu- 
late, to flash, glisten, glitter. 

HiRAMi, «. Flat in shape, flattish. — 
wo tstckeru, to flatten. 

HiRAMi,-7««,-«^rt, i. V. To be flat in 

HiRA-Ni, adv. Earnestly, importunately, 
urgently, pressingly. — nego., to ear- 
nestly implore. 

HiRA-osHi-Ni, adv. Violently, forcibly. 

HiRARi-TO, adv. In a quick, nimble 
manner, like the flutter or turn of a 
leaf, like a flash. 

Hi-RMrvw^-ki^-ku-shi., a. Flat. Hi- 
rattaku 7iarii., to become flat. 

HiRATTASA, «. Flatness. 

HiRA-ucHi-NO-HiMO, «. Flat-braid. 

Hire, «. The fins of a fish. Se-bire., the 
dorsal fins. 

HiRE-FURi,-r7^,-/'/rt, t. V. To beckon by 
waving the wide sleeve. Sode wo hire- 
futte 7na7teku. 

Hire-fushi,-j«,-^«, i. V. To bow low 
with the face to the earth, to prostrate 
one's self. Gozen tii hire-fushite ai- 
satsu siirjt. 

Hirei. Impolite, ill-mannered, rude. 

Hi-retsu. Mean, base, vulgar, low. 

HiRi,-r«,-/'/«, t. V. To eject from the 
anus. He wo — , to break wind. Sa- 
ka7ta ga tai7iago wo hiri-tsiikerii. 

Hi-Ri, {dori de 7iai). Unreasonable, 
without principle. 

HiRi-HiRi, adv. With a smarting or 
burning pain. — ita77tu, to smart, 

HiRioDZU, 71. A kind of food made of 
tdyu fried in oil. 

HiRi-TSUKi,-;^z<,-/Va, /. V. To smart, to 

HiRo, 7t. A fathom of about five feet 
English ; the distance between the 
hands when the arms are out-stretched. 
U7>zi 710 fukasa iva iku hiro tatsu. 

HiRo. 71. Introduction, publishing, ad- 
vertisement. — wo suru^ to usiier, in- 
troduce, to announce, to t-.-U, commu- 
nicate, to publish, make known. 

Hi-Ro, 71. Faint, or exhausted by sick- 

IRO, a. Wide, broad, spacious, exten- 
sive. — ^«, a wide place. — buta, a 


large tray. — ma^ a large room. — 
naiua, a large park, or garden. — yen, 
a wide verandah. 

HiKO-Biso-TO, adv. Wide, spacious, 
large, roomy. 

HiROGARi,-r«,-if/«, adv. To be open, to 
spread out ; to be wide, to extend over ; 
enlarged, propagated, published, diflFus- 
ed Hiyoban ga — . 

HiROGE,-r«,-z;«, /, V. To open, spread 
out, extend, widen, unfold. 
iROi,-^,-^/a, I. V. To walk. 

HiROi,-/^/.-,^«,-i-/iz, a. Wide, broad, spa- 
cious, roomy, extensive. — kokoro., 
magnanimous. Hiroku suru, to en- 
large, widen. Hiroku naru., to become 

HiROi,-^,-(5/rt, t. V. To pick up. Hiroi- 
tnono wo suru, to pick up something 
which has been dropped. 

HiROi-ATSUME,-r«,-2'rt, t. V. To pick up 
and put together, to gather into a pile. 

HiROMARi,-r?<,-if^«, /. V. Spread abroad, 
made known widely, published, adver- 

HiROME,-r«,-2'a, t. V. To spread abroad, 
publish, make known, promulgate, to 
advertise. Hiydbaii wo — , to spread a 

HiROME, a. Introduction, publishing, 
promulgation, advertisement. 

HiROMi, n. A large, spacious place. 

HiRO-SHiKi, n. The female apartments 
of a noble's house ; the harem. 

HiRu, n. Garlic. 

HiRu, n. A leech, blood-sucker. 

HiRu, 7t. Noon, day-time. Yarn hiru, 
day and night. Hiru no nanatsu, 4 
o'clock in the day. Hiru-ne.^ sleeping 
in the day-time. Hiru-gokan, dinner. 
Hiru-doki.^ 12 o'clock m. 

HiRU-GAO, n. The Ipomoea Filicaulis. 

HiRUGAVE,-r?<,-^a, i. v. To turn over and 
over, as a leaf or flag blown by the wind ; 
to wave, to turn, change about. Mika- 
ta ga hirugayette teki ni natta. 

HiRU-GAVESHi,-j?^,-/a, i. V. To turn over, 
change round, shift about. Yakti-sokii 
1V0 — , to break a promise. 

Hi-RUi. Anything to compare with. — 
7iashi., incomparable. 

HirlmMaki, n. The iron ring around the 
end of a spear. 

HiRU-MA, n. The middle of the day, 

HiRU-MAVE, n. Forenoon. 

HiRu-MESHi, w. The noon-meal, dinner. 

HiRUMi,-wiz<,-«^a, ;. V. To shrink or 
draw back in fear, to flinch, to be dis- 
heartened, lose courage. 

HiRu-suGi, n. Afternoon. 



HiSA-Bis.\, adv. A long time. — o me 

ni kakaritnaseu. 
HiSAGE, n. A kettle used for holding 

HiSAGi^-gu.-ida, t. v. To hawk goods, to 

sell in the streets, to peddle, to sell. 
HiSAGO, n. A calabash, gourd. 
Hi-SAO, «. A ramrod. 
HiSASHii,-/tz,-'^«, a. A long time, ancient, 

old. Hisashii ato., a long time ago. 

Hisashiku o vie 7ii kakarimasen., have 

not seen you for a long time. 
HiSASHi, n. A penthouse, or small roof 

projecting over a door or window. 
HiSASHi-BURi. Long time since, a long 

time has elapsed since. — de aimashita, 

it is a long time since I met him. 
Hi-SATSU, n. A letter by post. 
Hi-SEKI, n. Arsenic. 
Hi-SEN, (iyashi). Low, mean, vulgar. 
HiSHi, n. The water caltrops.— the Tra- 

pa Incisa. 
HiSHi, n. Diamond-shaped. 
HisHi-BiSHi-TO, adv. Severely, hardly, 

HiSHi-GAKUSHi, n. Secret, concealed. 
H ISH I GE,-r «,-/«, /. V. To be crushed, 

mashed, to be flattened. Hishigebatta., 

a flat nose, or nose broken and flattened 

by disease. 
HiSHiGi,-^«,-^rt, /. V. To crush, mash, to 

flatten ; break into pieces, to bruise. 
Hi-SHiGOTO, n. Work done by the day. 
HiSHiKUi, n. A swan. 
HiSHiMEKi,-/^?/,-/Vrt, i.v. To make a noise, 

clamor, tumult, or uproar. 
HiSHi-TO, adz'. Firmly, strictly, severely, 

earnestly; the sound of slamming, or 

HiSHiwA, n. Panicum, or panic-grass. 
HiSHiwo, n. A kind of food made of 

pickled minced-meat. Utne - bishiwc, 

plum jelly. 
Hi-SHiwo, n. The ebb-tide. 
Hi-SHO, 71. Books on secret subjects. 
HiSHU, (himo gatanaj n. A dirk. 
Hiso-Biso, adv. Secretly, privately, soft- 
ly, quietly, silently. — mo7io wo iu., to 

speak secretly. 
HisOKA, a. Secret, private, hidden. — 

7ia tokoro. — «/, secretly, privately, 

softly, stealthily. 
HisoME,-r7Y:,-/«, t. V. To hide, conceal ; 

to wrinkle, contract, pucker up. Koye 

wo — , to speak in a low voice, to whis- 
HisOMEKi,-/^?<,-zVa, t. V. To tell secretly, 

to whisper. 
HisoMi,-w?2<,-«^rt, /. V. To hide, conceal, 

lie hid, lurk ; to contract, wrinkle, to 

fall in, (as the mouth of an old person). 




HisoSEKi, n Arsenic. 

His^AGE,-r?<,-^a, t. V. To carry anything 
hanging from the hand. 

HissARAYE,-r2^ ,-;'«, L V. To take all away, 
to sweep away, make a clean sweep. 

HiSSEi, n. A secretary or writer in a gov- 
ernment office. 

HissEKi, n. A writing, manuscript, re- 

HissHA, «. A writer, scribe, secretary. 

HisSHi, ( kanaradzu s/iisuj. Must die, 
certain death. — ni natte tatakau^ to 
fight with desperation. 

HissoKU. To be confined to one's house 
for some offence. — oshi-tsukerare. 

HissoRi-TO, adv. Quietly, still, silently. 
— shite iru^ to be still. — shita toko- 

Hisui, n. A kingfisher. 

HiTA, n. A thing for scaring birds from 
a rice-field. 

HiTABURU-Ni, adv. Earnestly, importu- 

HiTA-HiTA, adv. The sound of water 
splashing. — to uchi-norUy to ride 
splashing through the water. 

HiTAi, ». The forehead. Hitai~gami^ 
the forelock. 

Hi-TAKi, n. A fireman, stoker. 

HiTAMONO, adv. Earnestly, intently, 

HiTAN, {kanashiini nageku.) Sorrow, 
mourning. — suru, to mourn, weep, 

HiTARi^-ru.-tta, i.v. To be dipped or 
immersed in a fluid, to be soaked, steep- 
ed, macerated. 

HiT.\SHi,-j?^,-ifa, i. V. To dip into a 
fluid, to immerse, to soak, steep, mois- 
ten, macerate. Midzu ni — . 

HiTASURA-Ni, adv. Earnestly, with the 
whole heart, vehemently, importunate- 
ly. — tationiu^ to ask importunate- 

HiTA-TO, adv. Closely, tightly ; the 
sound made by striking one hard thing 
against another. — tsuku., to put 
close against, to stick tightly. 

HiTO, n. A man, a person, people, man- 
kind, others. — to naru^ to become a 
man, to be full grown. — ni kakaru., 
to be dependent on others. — goto ni., 
every body, every one. — kadzu, the 
number of persons, population. 

HiTO, a. One, as, Hito-tabi., once, one 
time. Hito toshi., a year. Hito tsuki, 
a month. Hito toki^ an hour. Hito- 
hin, one day. Hito-yo., a night. — ye., 
one thickness. 

HiTO-Ai, «. Popular, friendly. — no 
yoi hito. 

A crowd of people. 

Manslaughter, mur- 

I HiTO-BANARE, «. Avoided or disliked by 
i others. 

HiTO-BARAi, n. Clearing the room or 
; place of people. 
HiTO-BASHiRA, n. Burying a man alive 

on laying the foundation of a castle, (an 

ancient custom). 
HiTO-BiTO, plur. Men, people, every 

Hi-TOBOSHi-GORO, «. The time of candle 

HiTO-DAKARi, «. A crowd of people. — 

stiru., to crowd together. 
HiTO-DAMA, n. A phosphorescent ball 

which rises from the ground and moves 

from one place to another, supposed to 

be the spirit of a dead person. 
HiTO-DZUTE, n. A go-between, media- 

HiTO-GARA, {ji7n/>in^) n. Kind or quali- 
ty of man. — no yoi hito., a fine man, 
(in personal appearance). — no ivarui 
hito., a vulgar looking fellow. 

H1T0-G.A.TA, n. A statue or image of a 

HiTO-GO.MI, : 


HiTO-GOTO, n. Talking about others. 

HiTO-jiCHi. n. A hostage. 

HiTO-jiNi, «. A person dead, somebody 
killed. — ga atta. there was a person 

HiTO-KiwA, adv. Especially, particular- 
ly, preeminently. 

HiTO-MADZU, adv. In the first place. 

HiTO-MANE, n. Mimicking or imitating 
others. — wo sum. 

HiTO-MASU, n. The vacant space be- 
tween the outer and inner gates of a 

HiTO-ME, n. The eyes of others, the 
public, the world. — wo habakaru., 
to fear or shun the notice of others. 

HiTOMi, «. The pupil of the eye. 

HiTOMOji, n. An onion. 

HiTOMUKi-Ni, adv. With the whole 
heart, strength or care ; earnestly, at- 
tentively; with one turn. 

HiTO-NAMi. Like men generally, like 
other people, or the common run of 

HiTOKASHii,-^/,-^«, a. Looking or act- 
ing like a man or human being. 

HiTORi. One person, alone, single, by 
one's self. Hitori de yuku.^ to go alone. 
Hitori 7)ttisuk0y an only son. Hitori~ 
mono., a single person, without relatives. 
Hitori-ne wo suru., to sleep alone. 

HiTORi-DACHi, n. Independent, free of 
others, standing alone, as a child learn- 


ing to walk. — no kiini^ a country in- 
dependent of any other. 

HiTORi-DZUMi, «. Living alone. 

HiTOKi-GO, n. An only child. 

HiTORi-GOTO, n. Talking to one's self. 

HiTORi-Mi. Alone, solitary, single, with- 
out kindred or relations. 
Hi-TORi-MUSHi, «. Insects which, in 
summer, fly into a light and some- 
times extinguish it. 
HiTO-SASHi-YUBi, w. The index-finger. 
HiTOSHii,-/^/,-,^«,-i-^/, a. Same, equal, 
one, alike, same time, together. — ko- 
koro, like minded. 
HiTO-SHiKiRi. One sharp or violent ef- 
fort, one paroxysm. — ivo ayaukatta^ 
at one awful moment he was in great 
HiTOSHi-NAMi-Ni, adv . In the same 

manner, like. 
HiTOSHiwo, a^r^. Still more. — yoroshii^ 

better still. 
HiTO-suji-Ni, adv. Directly, exclusively. 
HiTO-TO-NARi, n. Character, disposition, 

nature. Sono — jihi fzikashi. 
HiTOTSu, {ichi^ a. One, single, same. 
— to shite yoi koto tno nai, not a single 
good thing. 
HiTOYA, n. A gaol, prison. 
HiTO-VA, n. A human habitation. 
HiTOVE-Ni, adv. Earnestly, wholly, en- 
tirely, only, to the exclusion of every- 
thing else. — tanotnu. 
HiTOvoGiRi, n. A kind of pipe, or flute, 

open at the top. 
HiTsu, w. A trunk, box, a chest for 

HiTSU, {/ude^ n. A pencil, pen. IpJ>i- 
tsu., one pen. — dan^ communicating 
by letter. 
HiTUGi, n. A coffin. Hitsugi-guriiina^ 

a hearse. 
HiTSUji, 71. A goat ; one of the 12 hora- 
ly signs. — 710 ayu77n\ the leading of 
a criminal to punishment. — 710 kata^ 
the s.s.w. point of the compass. — «<? 
toki., 2 o'clock, p. M., (8 of Japanese.) 
Hitsuji-saru.^ the s.w. 
HiTsuji-BO, 71, The rice that sprouts up 

after the first crop is cut. 
HiTSU-jo, {kanaradzu sadn77iarii.) Cer- 
tain, sure, fixed, settled, decided, deter- 
Hi-TSUKE, «. Setting on fire, an incen- 
Hi-TSbKi,-/^«,-//'rt, z". V. To be dried. 
HiTSU-METSU, {kanaradzu skzsuru)., must 

surely die. Sho-ja hitsu-7netsu. 
HiTsu-Yo. Any thing essential, necessa- 
ry, indispensable, requisite. 



H ITTACH I, -^.f 2^,-/^.2, t. V. To stand up, to 
be greatly improved in appearance. 
Mon -wo 7iuttareba dki7ti hittatte- 

HiTTAKURi,-rM,-/^rt, t. V. To snatcli, take 
by violence. 

HiTTARi-TO, adv. Closely, tightly. — 
tsiiku., to stick tight. 

HiTTEKi. — suru^ to match, to oppose 
as equal. 

HiTTSUKAMAE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To Seize, lay 
hold of, to grasp. 

HiTSU-ZEN. {ka7iaradzti. shikarti^ adv. 
Certainly, necessarily, positively. 

Hi-UCHI, 71. A steel for striking fire. 

Hi-ucHi-BUKURO, «. A bag for holding 
the instruments for striking fire. 

Hi-uCHi-GAM.\, «. A steel for striking fire. 

Hi-ucHi-iSHi, 71. A flint. 

Hi-ucHi-KADO, n. A flint. 

Hiu-MON. — suru^ to examine or inter- 
rogate a criminal. 

Hi-u\vo, 71. Dried fish. 

Hnv.A.DA, 71. The bark of the Hi tree 
used for roofing. Hiiuadabuki^ a roof 
made of the above bark. 

HivvADZUBiTO, 71. An imbecile, idiot. 

Hi-WARE,-r«,-/a, i. V. Dry and cracked 
by exposure to the sun. 

Hi-vvARi, 71. Interest by the day ; daily 

Hi-VA, 7t. A fire-arrow, a rocket. 

Hi-YA, 71. A building in which the bod- 
ies of the dead are burned. 

HiYA, rt. Cool, cold. Hiya-77iidzu^zoo\ 
water. Hiya-ase., cold sweat. Hiya- 
77teshi, cold rice. O hiya t7totte-oide, 
bring some cold water. 

HiYAKASHi,-j;/,-2'rt, t. V. To cool ; to di- 
vert, or amuse one's self by looking at. 
Uri-77io7io "WO hiyakashite artiku. 

HiVAKE,-r?/,-^a, i. V, To be cooled. 

HivAKOi,-,^/,-,*«,-i-Az, a. Cool, cold. Hi- 
yakoku 7taru,to become cool. — su- 
7u, to make cool. 

Hi-YAKU, «. A secret medicine, a nos- 

HiY.^KU. A hundred ; frequently used as 
a plural prefix = all. Ni-hiyaku^ two 
hundred. Sa77z-biyaku, three hundred. 
Roppiyaku., six hundred. — hi7-o^ the 
intestines. — ^rtz, the bones. — yakti., 
medicines. — kuiua7i, government of- 
ficers. — waw, a million. 
HiYAKUjiKKO, «. The Largerstramia In- 

HiYAKU-SHo, n. A farmer, husbandman, 

a peasant. 
HiYAKU-so-so, n. A kind of medicine 
made of a hundred dififerent kinds of 
plants dried and reduced to charcoal. 


HiYAKU-YE, n. The crown of the head. 

HiYASHi,-^M,-^a, /. V. To cool. Hiya- 

shite oku, to put away to cool. 
HiYAVAKA, a. Cool, cold. 

HiYE,-r«,-/rt, z. 7'. To be cool, cold. 

HiYE-ATARi, «. Sick from exposure to 

HiYo, n. A leopard. 

HiYo, «. Hail. — ^ia:yHr«, it hails. 

Hi-y6, n. Day-labor. — c/izn, wages, 
Kon-ntchi — ni kite okure^ come and 
work for me to-day. — tori^ a day la- 

HiYo, n. A straw bag. Ippiyo^ one bag. 
Ni-hiyo^ two bags. Hito-hiyOy one bag 
full, = about 2 1-2 bushels. 

HiYo. — suru^ to discuss the merits of, 
to be emblematic of, to represent, sig- 

HiYo-BAN, n. Repute, reputation, fame, 
report, rumor. — suru, to be publicly 
talked about. 

Hiy6-bu-sh6, n. The war department, 
war office. 

HiYODORi, n. The name of a small 

HiY6GE,-/-««,-^a, 1. V. To sport, play, 
frolic, jest. 

HiYOGi. — suru, to discuss and deliber- 
ate on, to consult about. 

HiYoGU, «. The mountings of a picture. 
Hiyogu-ya. a paper-hanger. 

HiYo-GU, n. Weapons of war. 

HiYOGURi,-rM,-zfrt, t. V. To squirt. 

HiYO-Hi, n. The cuticle. 

HiYo-HiYAKU, a. Frolicsome, facetious, 

Hivoi-TO, adv. In a sudden manner, 
unexpectedly, accidentally. 

Hiy6-j6. — sum, to deliberate and de- 
cide on, to judge, determine, to criti- 

Hiy6-j6-sho, n. Supreme court house, 

council chamber. 
Hiy6-j6-shu. Members of the supreme 

Hi-YOKE, n. An awning, or anj^ thing to 

keep off the sun ; a vacant space about 

a house as protection against fire. 
HiYoKiN. Facetious, merry. — na hiio, 

a wag, humorist. 
HiYOKKURi-TO, adv. Sudden and unex- 
HiYOKO, n. A young bird. 
HiYOKO-HiYOKO, adv. Hopping, as a 

frog ; leaping. 
HivoKU-NO-TORi, n. A fabulous bird, 

the male and female said to be joined 

together in one body. 
HiYOMEKi, n. The fontanel in a child's 




HlYON-NA, {Aen-naru.) Strange, un- 
usual, old, wonderful. 
HiYON-NO-Ki, «. The Distylium Race- 

HiYo-RAN, n. The disturbance and com- 
motion caused by war. 
Hiv6-Ri, {ura omote.) Outside and in- 
side ; false hearted, hypocritical ; dou- 
ble-dealing ; force, impulse, effort. — 
no aru mono, a false, deceitful per- 

Hivo-Riu. Floating, or carried about by 
the waves. 

Hiv6-r6, 71. Food for soldiers, provisions 
for an army. — zetne, starving out a 
garrison. Hiydro-kata., the officer who 
supplies an army with provisions, com- 

HiYORO-HiYORO-TO, adv. In a limping, 
staggering manner. 

Hiv6-r6n. — sum, to deliberate on, to 

HiYOROTSUKi,-/i-«,-z'«/a, i. v. To limp, 

HiYo-SATSU, n. A tablet with the name 
of the person residing hung at the door 
of a house, a door plate. 

HiYo-SHi, 71. The paper cover or binding 
of a book. Ita-biyoshi, board-covers. 

HivoSHi, 7t. Beating time to music. — 
luo torn, to beat time. Ashi-biyoshi., 
drumming with the foot. Te-biyoshi^ 
beating time with the hand. Korobu — 
«/, by the force of the fall, or in the act 
of falling. — 7iuke, out of time. 

Hiy6shi-gi, 71. Blocks of wood or bamboo 
struck together by watchmen as a sig- 

HiYo-so, n. A whitlow. 

HiYo-TAN, 71. A gourd, calabash. 

HiYo-TO, adv. The sound of an arrow fly- 

HiYOTTO, adv. Supposing that, perad- 
venture. — shiretara do 7iasaru, if 
he should know, what should you do ? 

HiYOTTOKO, 71. A kind of mask. 

']A.i\o\s \\,-ki,-ku,shi, a. Weak, feeble, 
not strong, delicate. 

HiZA, 71. The knee. — tio sara, the 
knee-pan. — luo aru, to bend the knee. 
— -wo ku77iu, to sit tailor-fashion. — 
moto, by the knees. 

Hiza-gashira, n. The knee. 

Hi-ZAKARi, 71. Noon, — the hottest period 
of the day. 

Hi-ZAKUR-A., «, A scarlet-blossom cherry- 

HiZAMADZUKi,-,^?/,-//^, /. V. To kneel. 
Hiza77iadzuite ka7ni too ogaiiiu. 

Hi-ZARA, 71. The pan of a gun-lock, the 
bowl of a pipe. 


Hi-ZASHi, n. Sunlight, the sun's rays. 
HiZEN, n. A cutaneous disease, the itch. 
Hi-zo. Private store-house. — surti, to 

to keep in one's fire-proof store-house. 

— jKUsume, a daughter kept with great 

Hi-zoRi,-r«,-^^a, /. V. Warped, bent by 

the heat. 
Ho, n. A sail. — as/iz, the lower part of 

a sail. 
Ho, n. The ear, or head of rice, wheat, 

or any kind of grain. — nami^ the rows 

Ho, n. The cheek. Ho-bone, the cheek- 
bone, malar-bone. 

Ho, n. Rule, law, usage, doctrine, pre- 
cept, maxim, religious rites or prac- 
tices ; incantation ; multiplier, or divi- 
sor in arithmetic. — ivo tateru, to make 
a law, or rule. — ni sug-irii, to exceed 
what usage or the rule requires. 

Ho, (kataj n. Side, region, place, di- 
rection, part, person, thing ; a recipe. 
Kono-ho^ here ; I. Sono-ho or Auo-ho^ 
there ; you. .S'/«/r^/-/i(5, the white. C/tii- 
sai-ho ga yoi^ the small one is the best. 

Ho, n. A step in walking ; a land mea- 
sure of six feet, same as tszibo. Ippo wo 
jiJ>j>o ni tobu, jumped the distance of 
ten steps in one. Sen ri no 7nichi tno 
ippo yori hajitnti. 

Ho-ATE, n. The visor of a helmet. 

Ho-BAI. A friend, companion, comrade. 

H6-BARi,-ri<,-/i'rt, t. V. To fill the mouth, 
to cram into the mouth. 

Ho-BASHiRA, n. A mast. 

Ho-BEN, n. A pious device, art, inven- 
tion, plan, or expedient used to convert 
people to Buddhism, or to lead a virtu- 
ous life. 

Ho-BETA, n. The cheeks. 

HoBi, «. A reward. 

Hobo, adv. For the most part, nearly, 
almost. — deki-agatta, nearly done. 

Ho-Bo, adv. Here and there, all about, 
on all sides, every direction, everywhere, 
every place. — sagashite mo sappari 

Ho-BUNE, n. A sailing-ship, a sail-boat. 

Ho-CHiKU. Driving out, expelling, dis- 
missing. — suru^ to expel, dismiss. 

Ho-CHo, n. A table or kitchen knife. 

Ho-DAi. At will, according to one's plea- 
sure, without restraint, at liberty. Hito 
no mi-hodai, ni shite oktt, to let people 
look at it as much as they please. Uri- 
i^^</az selling without restraint anything 
one pleases. Shi-hodai^ doing as one 

Ho-DAi, n. A fort, battery. 

Ho-DAN, n. Preaching, a discourse on re- 




ligious subjects, sermon. — suru, to 

Ho-DANA, n. The place on which a sail 
rests when furled. 

'HoL>.\SARE,-r7i,-ta. Pass, of Hodashi, 
To be shackled, fettered, hampered, en- 
cumbered, embarrassed, bound. Ko ni 
hodasarete deraretnasen. 

HoDASHi,-j?/,-/a, t. V. To shackle, to 
fetter. Uvia no aski wo — . 

Hodashi, n. A clog, hindrance, encum- 

Ho-DATE, «. Mode, way, manner ; rules, 
laws. Kuni no osame-kata no — . 

HoDO, n. Quantity, of space or time; 
quality, kind, station in life ; as, since, 
because ; proportion. — %vo hedatcru, 
to separate, put an interval between ; 
after some time. Kore-hodo^ so much, 
or this much. Vo-hodo., a good deal. 
Dore hodo, how much ? Hodo-nakii, 
very soon, a short time. Kesa-hodo, in 
the morning. Kono — , lately. Ban- 
hodo^ evening. Dekirti hodo., as much 
as you can. Mirn hodo no mono tabe- 
tagari^ wants to eat every thing he sees. 

HoDO-Ai, w. Interval of space or time. 

HoDO-B.\SHiRASHi,-j«,-/«, t. V. To Scat- 
ter, to splash. 

HoDOBASHiRi,-r7/,-//rt, i. V. To fly or 
splash about, spatter about, as water. 

HoDO-CHiKAi. Soon, short time ; near, 
short distance. 

HoDO-HE,-r?<,-/«, /. V. After a lapse of 
time, after some time has passed. Hodo- 
kete yuku, to go after a while. 

HoDO-HODO. (Plural). Positions, ranks 
or places in life ; very much, greatly, 
various times. 

HoDOKE,-r?^,-/a, /. v. Untied, loosed, to 
relax, remit, give up. Obi ga — , the 
belt is loose. 

HoDOKi,-,^z<,-zVa, /. V. To untie, loose. 

HoDOKOSHi,-«<:,-^rt, t. V. To give alms, 
to bestow, confer, impart ; to use or 
practice. Aleinbokti ivo — , to feel 
elated or proud. 

HoDOKOSHi, n. Bestowment of alms or 
charitable gifts. 

HoDORAi, n. The capacity, size, or qual- 
ity of things ; the station or position in 
life or society. 

HoDOYOi-/&/,-/^?/,-j,^?', a. Proper in de- 
gree or quantity, just right. 

HoDZU, n. End, limit. 

Ho-DZUNA, n. A halyard. 

HoDZiRE,-r«,-^«, /. V. To be raveled, 

HoDzusHi,-«^,-^a:, t. v. To ravel or pick 
to pieces, as cloth. Hodzushi-jnomeny 




H6-FUKURASHi,-JK,-^rt, t. V. To distend 
or puff out the cheeks ; to pout, to look 
HoFURi,-r?<,-;'M, t. V. To kill, massacre, 

butcher, slaughter. 
Ho-GA, «. Contributions for religious 
purposes. — kiti^ money contributed 
to temples. Hoga-chd, n. A subscrip- 
tion book. 
Ho-GAKU, n. Direction, point of the 
compass, quarter, bearing, locality. Do- 
710 — ni ataru^ in what direction is it ? 

HoGAMi, n. Pit of the stomach, epigas- 
tric region. 
HoGARAKA, a. Bright, clear. Tsuki ga 
— , the moon is bright. 

Ho-GE, n. Heat. 

HoGETA, n. The yard or spar to which 
a sail is fastened. 

Ho-Go, n. The name given by the Budd- 
hists to a deceased person, posthumous 

Ho-GU, n. Waste-paper, paper scraps. 

HoGURE,-r?<,-/a, I. V. Untied, loosed, 
unlaced, unraveled, frayed, untwist- 

HoGusHi,-j?/,-r«, t. V. To unravel, to 
fray, untwist. 

HoGUSHi, n. A pine torch. 

Ho-GU WAi {Jid no hoka). Contrary to 
rule or usage, extraordinary, anoma- 
lous, outrageous, exorbitant, excessive. 
' — tio ne -MO tsukeru, to ask an exorbi- 
tant price. 

Ho-HATSU {teppo -wo utsu). Firing or 
discharging a gun. 

Ho-HEi. n. Militia, or soldiers drawn 
from the farmers and common people. 

Ho-HiGE, n. Whiskers. 

Ho-Ho, adv. In a creeping, skulking 
manner, sneaking. 

HoHOVEMi,-;;i?^,-a^a, z. v. To smile, 
laugh gently. 

Hoi. Same as Honi. — nai^ not accord- 
ing to one's mind or desire. 

HoiRO, n. An utensil made of paper, 
used for heating tea-leaves. 

Ho-iTSU. Dissolute, profligate. 

Ho-ji, n. Prayers and religious ceremo- 
nies of the Buddhists. 

YLbix.-dzurii.-ta (mukii). To repay, re- 
quite, to recompense, to take vengeance 
on, to answer ; to report, tell, proclaim, 
publish. On wo — , to repay a kind- 

il6}i.-(izuru,-ia, i. v. To die (used only 
of the Mikado). 

H6ji,-r«,-M, t. V. To roast, parch, or 
fire, as tea. 

Ho-ji-GUi, «. Posts set up to mark the 
boundaries of a country. ' 

HojiRi,-r«,-^^«, t. V. To dig up, to pick 
out. Imo wo — , to dig up potatoes. 

HojiSHi, n. Dried flesh. 

Ho-jo, M. A monastery ; a Buddhist 

Ho-jo, or Hojo-YE {ikerii wo hanatsu). 
Setting free live things that have been 
confined (as birds, etc.), as a merito- 
rious work. 

Ho-jo. Aid, help, assistance. — su- 

Ho-jUTSU, «. Musket exercise, artillery- 
Ho-jUTSU, n. Magical arts. 
HoKA, a. Different, another, besides, 
except ; outside, external. Kono hoka 
ni f^ide ga nai^ I have no pencil ex- 
cept this. Hoka ye deta., he has gone 
out. So7io hoka, besides that. 
Ho-KAi, n. A kind of lacquered tub 
used for holding painted clam shells, 
used in playing the game called kai- 

Ho-KAKE-BUNE, n. A sail-boat, a ship 
with sails. 

Ho-KAMURi, n. Covering the head with 
the handkerchief. — wo sum. 

Ho-KAN, n. A pharmacoeopia, medical 
formulary, receipt book. 

HoKASHi,-f?^,-/rt, /. V. To throw away, 
cast away, fling away. 

H6KE,-r«,-M, /. V. Frayed, abraded, 

H6KE-DACHi,-/j-«,-z'/rt, ?. V. To be frayed, 
rubbed out, abraded. 

Ho-KEN, n. The feudal system of gov- 

HoKi, n. A broom. 

Ho-Ki {kachi no gotoku okoru) n. An 
insurrection, rebellion, mob. 

Ho-Ki {takara mono). A precious or 
valuable utensil. 

HoKi-BOSHi, n. A comet. 

HoKi-TO, adv. Cracking, snapping. — 
oru, to snap off. 

Ho-Kivo {saku fusaku). Fruitful and un- 

Ho-Kivo, n. Phymosis, 

HoKK.\, Setting out on a journey. 

HoKKAi {kita no umi)., n. The Arctic 

HoKKi. — suruy to arise or spring up, 
set a-going, to start, set on foot, origin- 
ate. — «/«, originator. 

HoKKivOKU, n. The north pole. 

HoKKORi, a.dv. Tired, fatigued. 

HoKKU, n. A kind of verse consisting of 
seventeen syllables. 

HoKO, n. A halberd. Hoko-saki, the 
point of a spear. 

Ho-Ko, «. Walking. — suru, to walk. 

Ho-Ko, n. Service, duty done to a mas- 


ter, the labor, business, or duty of a 

HoKO-HOKO, adv. Warm, comfortable. 
HoKORA, n. A small Sintoo shrine. 
HoKORi, n. Fine dust ; a very small 
fraction. — vjo harau., to dust. — ha- 

KoKORi,-r!(-ifa , z. v. To be vain, proud, 
conceited, puffed up, to vaunt, to boast. 

HoKOROBi,-i5«,-«<^«, i. V. Ripped open, 
as a seam ; torn ; to open, as flowers. 

HoKOROBi, n. A rip or opening of a 
seam, a rent, tear. 

HoKU (kita). North. Hoku-/tl, north 
wind. — shin, the north star. 

Ho-KUCHi, n. Tinder. 

HoKURO, n. A mole, freckle. 

HoKUSOYEMI,-^^,-^!:/^, /. V. To Smile. 

HoKU-TO, n. Ursa major. 

Ho-KUWA. Setting on fire. lye zvo — 
surte., to set a house on fire. 

HoMACHi, n. Perquisite. Kore iva ya- 
k2i->iin no —da. 

Ho.MARE, n. Praise, eulogy, fame, re- 
nown, celebrity. — ivo toru., to get 

HoMBA, n. The original place from 
which any production has issued. 

HoM-BUKU (inoto ye kayeru)., n. Restora- 
tion to health, recovery from sickness. 

Home,— r.^,-i'rt, t. v. To praise, eulo- 
gize, commend, applaud, e.xtol. Ho- 
tnej-areru., to be praised. 

HoMEKi,-/{r«,-?Va, i. V. To be like fire, 
hot, to have a fever. 

HoME-sovASHi,-j«,-z'a, t. V. To praise 
and encourage, to inspirit, animate by 
praising, to praise exceedingly. 

HoMivo, n. The name given to a de- 
ceased person by the Buddhists. 

HoMMA. True, truth. 

HoMMARU, n. The inner part or citadel 
of a castle. 

HoM-MATSU {moto to suye). Root and 
branches, beginning and end, first 
and last. 

HoM-Mivo, n. True or real name. 

HoM-Mo, ti. One's great desire, or prin- 
pal object. 

HoM-MON, n. The text of a book as 
distinguished from the notes, or com- 

Ho-MOTSU {takara)^ n. Things valued, 
prized and rare. 

HoMURA, n. The flame of fire. — ivo 
Moyasu, to be inflamed with anger or 

lioMVRi.-ru.-tta, t. V. To burj' a dead 
person, to inter. 

HoMURi, 71. Interment, burial, sepulture, 



Hon, n. A book. — ivo araivasu, to 
publish a book. 

Hon. Original, principal ; true, real, 
genuine ; fixed, settled ; numeral for 
pencils, posts, sticks, masts, etc. Hon- 
nedan., fixed price. Hashira ippon.^ 
one mast. Fude ni /ton, two pencils. 
— getsii., this month. 

HoN-CHo, n. One's native country, Ja- 

HoN-CHO-SHi, n. The key-note. 

HoN-DANA, w. A bookcase. 

HoN-DANA, n. The original or principal 

HoN-Do, n. The principal part of a 

HoN-Do, n. A physician (not a surgeon). 

Hone, n. A bone. — luo tateru, to get 
a bone in the throat. — ivo oru, to 
break a bone ; (fig.) to be industrious, 
laborious. Chd-ckin no hone., the bam- 
boo ribs of a lantern. Sho-j'i no hone., 
the frame of a screen. Ogi no hone., 
the sticks of a fan. 

Hone-chigai, n. Dislocation of a bone. 

Hone-gara.mi, n. Rheumatic pains in 
the bones. 

Hone-gumi, n. The knitting together 
of the bones, the bony frame. — no ta- 
ku}nashii hi to. 

Ho-NEN {yutakana toshi). A fruitful 

HoNE-ORi, n. Labor, toil, industry, ac- 
tivity, exertion. — shigoto., hard work. 

HoNE-oRi,-r«,-//«, /. V. To be labor- 
ious, to toil, work hard, to be indus- 
trious. Honeotte shigoto ivo suru. 

HoNEPPOi, a. Full of bones (as a fish), 
bony, thin, emaciated. 

HoNE-TSUGi, 71. Bone setting. — isha., 
a bone-setter. 

HoN-GiYAKU. Rebellion, revolt, sedi- 

Hon-goku {tftoto 710 ku7ii). Native coun- 


Hon-i, n. Desire, mind, intention, ob- 
ject, inclination, purpose. 

Ho-nin. — sum, to be appointed or 
assigned to an office or duty. 

Hon-ji, w._ The original or first temple, 
from which others have branched off. 

Hon-jin, 71. The headquarters of an en- 
campment ; the hotel where a Daimiyo 
stopped in traveling. 

HoN-KE {moto no iye), n. The home- 
stead, the principal family. 

HoN-Ni, adv. Truly, indeed, really. 

HoN-NiN, 71. The principal, chief man, 

HoNNORi-TO, adv. With a slight blush 
of redness, lightlj' shaded. 

HON 76 

Ho-No, n. The flame of fire. 

Ho-No {osame iateniatsuru). An offer- 
ing made to the Kami. — suru. 

HoNO-BONO, adv. Dimly, duskily, ob- 
scurely, faintly. — 7niyeru^ dimly seen. 

HoNO-GURAi. Dim or gray twilight, ob- 

HoNOGURE, «. The evening twilight. 

HONOKA-Ni, adv. Dimly, indistinctly, 
obscurely, slightly, faintly. 

HoNOMEKASHi,-jz/,-^«, t. V. To allude 
to, mention incidentally, to hint at, to 
touch slightly upon. 

HoNOMEKi,-/&«,-zVa, /. V. To shine with 
a dim light. 

HoN-RAi {motoyort). Originally, from 
the beginning, from the first ; truly, 

HoNSAi (Tttoto no tstrma)., n. The real 

HoN-SHiKi, n. The original, full or com- 
plete mode ; all the ceremonies with- 
out curtailing any. 

HoN-SHiN {j7ioio no kokoro)^ n. The 
right mind, the mind in its original 
state, free from evil and uncorrupted ; 
the conscience. — ni tachikayeru., to 
return to one's right mind ; to reform 
the life. 

HoN-SHo, n. One's original or natural 
disposition, true character. — ga tsu- 
jta., has come to his senses. 

HoN-so, (hashiru). — suru., to go or 
walk about. 

HoN-TAKU, {moto no iye^ n. The home- 
stead, the mansion, or original place of 

Ho.N'-TE, or HoTE, n. An honest or true 
grip in wrestling. 

HoN-To. True, real, genuine. — ka 
uso ka, is it true or false ? 

HoN-YA, n. A book store. 

HoN-YAKU, «. Translation. — suru, to 
translate, to interpret, render into an- 
other language. 

HoN-ZEN, n. The principal table at an 

HoN-zo-GAKU, n. The science of Bo- 

HoN-zo-KA, n. A botanist. 

HoNZo-SHO, n. A botanical book. 

Ho-Pi, n. Breaking wind. 

Hoppo, (kz^a no ho,) n. The north. 

HoRA, n. A cave, cavern. 

HoRA, n. A conch-shell. — ivo fiiku, 
to blow a conch, to exaggerate. 

HoRA-FUKi, n. One who exaggerates ; a 

Ho-RAi, n. The name of a fabulous 
mountain in the sea, where the Sen-nin 
reside in immortal youth and happi- 


ness ; Elysium. Horai-san, the Ely- 
sian mountain. 

Ho-RAKU, n. Religious entertainments, 
or theatrical exhibitions, in the presence 
of idols. 

HoRASE,-rz<,-A-T, caust. of Hortt, to get 
another to dig or carve. 

Ho-RATSU, a. Profligate, dissolute, aban- 

HoRE,-r«,-^a, /. V. To be carved, en- 
graved, sculptured, dug out, excavated, 
worn into hollows. 

HoRE,-r«,-2'a, i. V. To dote, to be silly 
from age, to be old and childish. Same 
as Borer u. 

HORE, -ru,-ia, i. v. To be in love with, 
enamored of. 

HoRE-BORE, adv. In love with, fascin- 
ated, charmed, enraptured. 

HoRE-GUSURi, n. Aphrodisiac medi- 

Ho-KEi, n. Common custom, customary 
usage, ordinance. 

HoRE-KOMi,-7/z«,-«^«, i. V. To be deep- 
ly in love with, to be fascinated, ena- 
mored, smitten with. 

Ho-REN, n. The phoenix chariot — the 
name of the Mikado's chariot. 

HoRENSo, n. A kind of spinach. 

HoRi, ~ru,-(^a, t. V. To dig, excavate, to 
quarry ; to carve, engrave, sculpture ; 
to tattoo. Hori-dasu, to dig out. Ho- 
ri-kiraku, to dig open. Hori'-kakeru, 
to begin to dig, to be in the act of dig- 
ging. Hori-komu, to dig into. Horl- 
kayesu. to dig up again anything buried. 
Hori-kudzusu, to dig down, as a hill. 
Hori-kujiru, to scoop out with a chisel 
or spade. Hori-nuku, to dig through. 

li6Ri,-ru,-tta, t. V. To tlirow, fling, 
cast. Hori-dasu, to throw out. 

HoRi, n. A canal. 

HoRi-AGE, 71. Carved in relief, em- 

HoRi-MONO, n. A carving, engraving. 

HoRi-MONO-SHi, n. A carver, engraver, 

Ho-RiTSU, n. Law, ordinance, regula- 

HoRi-WARi, 71. A canal. 

HoRO, n. A kind of hood stuffed with 
cotton, and worn by cavalry to protect 
the back. Basha no — , a carriage- 

HoROBi,-3?<,-M, i. V. Destroyed, over- 
thrown, ruined. 

HoROBOSHi,-i-«,-/'«, t. V. To destroy, 
overthrow, ruin. 

HoRO-HORO TO, adv. Appearance of 
fruit, leaves, or drops of rain falling, or, 
the sound of crying. 





The salary or pay of ; 

HoROKU, 11. An earthen dish, used in 

Ho-RON, n. A debate or discussion on 

religious subjects. 
HoRORi-TO, adv. The manner of tears 

falling. — nainida -wo nagasu., to 

shed tears. 
HoROSHi, n. The iron pivot on which 

the upper mill-stone rotates. 
HoROYOi. Half drunk, partially intoxi- 
HoRUTOGARU. Portugal. 
HosA, (tasukeru), — sicru, to aid, to 

assist, to act as guardian. — no shin, 

the minister of a prince. 
Ho-SAKU, n. A fine crop, an abundant 

HosARE,-r?/,-^(Z, i, V. To be appointed 
to an office. 

Ho-SEN-KUWA, n. The Balsam, or Lady's 

Ho-SHA, n. Borax. 

Ho-SHA, n. Alms, charity. 

Ho-SHi, n. A bonze, Buddhist priest. 

HosHi, n. A star ; a white speck on the 
cornea ; the centre of a target, a spot. 

HosHi,-j«,-i'a, t. V. To dry, desiccate. 
Hi ni — , to dry in the sun. 

HoSHi,-fM,-^^i, /. V. To appoint to an 

HosHi-BUDo, n. Raisins, dried grapes. 

HosHiGARi,-r«,-/^a, i. V. To desire, 
want, long after, to be covetous. 

HosHii,-/fr/,->&zc,-j/z/, a. Wanting, desir- 
ing, wishing for. Kore ga hoshii ka, 
do you want this? Nani mo hoshiku 
nai, I don't want anything. 

HosHi-i, «. Rice boiled and dried. 

HosHii-MAMA. In one's own way, as 
one pleases or likes. — ni sum, to do 
as one pleases. 

HosHi-KA, n. A kind of dried fish. 

HoSHiKi, n. Established rule, usage, 
law, or custom. 

HoSHi-MiSE, n. Selling in the open air, 
where the wares are spread on a mat. 

Ho-SHO, n. A kind of fine paper. 

Ho-so, n. The small-pox. — 7vo sunt, 
to have the small-pox. Uye-boso, in- 

Hoso, or Hozo, n. The navel. — no o, 
navel-string. — wo kamu, to bite the 
navel, — to repent deeply, feel regret, 

Hoso, a. Fine, slender, narrow, thin. 
Hoso-mayu, delicate eye-brows. Hoso- 
michi, a narrow path. Hoso-nagai, 
long and slender, slim. Hoso-ne, a fine 
or shrill voice. 

Hoso-BiKi, «. A kind of rope, or cord 
made of hemp. 

Hoso-DONO, 71. A corridor, or gallery 
leading from one building; to another. 

Hosoi,-/tz,-Xr«,-.y/i/, a. Fine, slender, 
narrow, delicate, thin, small. — koye, 
a shrill voice. — futoi, fine and 
coarse. _ Kokoro ga — , to be dejected, 
or low in spirits. Hosoku naru, to be- 
come slender. Hosoku surti. to make 

Ho-soKU, n. Rule, law. 

HosoME,-ra,-/«, t. V. To make fine, 
thin, slender, or delicate. A'oye wo 
hosoinete iu, to speak in a shrill 

Hoso-ME, n. Eyes slightly open, a nar- 
row crack. 

Hoso-NUNO, n. Fine muslin, or grass- 

HosORi,-r«,-^^», i. V. To become small, 
thin, slender, delicate. Skokuji wa 
hi-bi ni — , the appetite daily became 

Ho-SOTSU, «. Foot soldier, infantry. 

Hoso-WATA, n. The placenta. 

HossA, n. (med.) The paroxysm of dis- 

, /. V. To wish, desire, 

HosSHiN, n. The springing up of a new 

heart, conversion.* 
HossoKU, n. Starting or setting out on a 

journey on foot. 
Hossu, n. A brush of long white hair 

often carried by Buddhist priests. 
HosuGE, 71. The cords by which the cap 

is secured to the head. 
HoTA, n. The stocks. 
HoTABi, 71. A fire covered with ashes to 

keep it from going out. 
Ho-TAi, n. A bandage for a wound. 
HoTARU, 71. A fire-fly. 
HoTARUBi, n. The light of the fire-fly. 
Ho-TATE-GAI, n. The Nautilus. 
VLoTAyK,-ru,-ta, i. v. To play, sport, to 

HoTE-HOTE, ad7>. Large, corpulent, big- 
HoTEPPARA, n. The belly. 
HoTERi,-rK ,-/?«, i. V. To be hot, burn- 
ing, to smart. Kao ga — , the face 

HoTERi, 71. Heat, burning, a smarting or 

burning pain. 
Ho- TO. Profligate, dissolute, abandoned 

to vice. 
Ho-To, 71. Lights placed before idols, the 

lanterns in temples. 

HOTOBAKASHI, or HoTOBASHI ,-J« ,-/<T, t. V. 

To soften by steeping in water. 



HoTOBi,-r«,-^rt, i. V. To be softened by- 
steeping in water. 

HoTOBORi, n. The heat remaining in 
anything after the fire is out. Hetsui 

HoTO-HOTO-TO, adv. The sound made 
by beating a door, rapping. 

HoTOKE, n. The general name for the 
divinities worshiped by the Buddhists ; 
a dead body, the soul of the dead. — 
no zo., an idol. — no tnei-nichi^ the 
anniversary of a death. Iki-botoke^ 
one who by his virtue resembles the 
gods. — tsukuri^ a maker of idols. 

HoTOKENO-ZA, «. Clover. 

HoTONDO, adv. In great danger, almost, 
well-nigh, nearly ; greatly, very much. 

HoTORi, n. Neighborhood, vicinity. 
Kawa no — , near the river. 

HoTORi,-r?^,-/«, /. V. To be hot, burn- 
ing, feverish. 

HoTORi, n. Fever, heat. 

HoTOTOGisu, n. The name of a small 

HoTSUGO, or HoTSU-GON. An exclama- 
tion or interjection. — suru, to utter 
an exclamation, to speak out. 

HoTSiKi,-/^?/,-zV«, i. V. To fray, ravel, 
to tear into lint, 

HoTsu-NETSu, n. The springing up of 

HoTSURE,-r«,-^a, i. v. Frayed, ragged, 
rubbed, worn, as cloth. 

HoTTAN, ti. The beginning, commence- 
ment, introduction of a book. 

HoTTO, adv. The sound of sighing or 
drawing a long breath. — iki., id. 

HoTTo-NiN, n. Originator, first mover 
or doer, ringleader, aggressor. 

Howo, n. The phoenix. 

HovA, n. A parasitic plant, the mistle- 

HoYA, «. A screen of wire net-work 
placed over a brazier ; a glass lamp- 

HoYAKU, {oginai^ giisuri^ . n. Tonic 
medicines, medicines which strengthen 
the body, or keep off disease. 

HoYE,-r;/,-i'rt, i. v. To bark, to bellow, 
roar, the cry of any animal. 

Ho -YE, «. The clerical dress, or clothes 
worn by Buddhist priests. 

H6-YE, n. The after-birth ; placenta 
and membranes. 

HOYE-DZURA, {nakig-ao^ n. The face of 
one crying or bellowing. 

Ho-YEKI, (oginai masii). — sum., to 
repair a defect, to complete, to strength- 
en, recruit. 

Ho-YEN, (shikaku tnaru). Square and 
round. Midzu wa — no utsuiva. 
ni shitagai, water takes the shape 
of the vessel in which it is. 

Ho-vo, ( taniocki yashi7iau ) . Preserving 
health, strengthening the body. — wo 
suru.1 to attend to one's health. 

HoYU, n. A friend, companion. 

HozAKi,-/^?<,-z/a, i. V. To say, to speak, 
(a contemptuous word used in anger to 

Ho-ZAI, n. A compounded medicine, a 

Ho-ZAI, (oginai kusuri)., n. Tonic 

HozERi,-rz^,-^/'«, t. V. To dig or play in 
the earth, as children. 

Hozo, ftakara ktira), ti. A store-house 
in which valuable things are kept. 

Hozo, «. A wedge or pin used for fasten- 
ing, a tenon. 

I, ft. Gall, bile. Kuma no ?*, bear's oil. 

I, n. Spider's thread. 

I, n. A wild hog; one of the 12 signs. 
/ 710 toki^ 10 o'clock at night. / no ka- 
ta, N. N. W. 

I, «. The stomach. /c^z«, in the stom- 
ach. / «(7y«, the stomach. I no jokd^ 
the cardiac orifice. / no ge-ko, the py- 

I, (kokoro base)., n. The mind, thoughts, 
intention, will, feeling, meaning. — ni 
kanau^ to agree with one's mind. 

, «. The rush of which matting is 

, (kotonari). Different, strange, unus- 
ual /,(•(>/{'«, foreign country. 

\, (kurai)y n. Rank, dignity. Mu i mu 
kuivan. without rank or office. Ichi /, 
the first or highest rank. -_ 

, (ikioi)y n. Dignity, majesty, power, 
authority, influence. — no aru hito^ 
one having authority. 

;, n. A well. — tio luidzu^ well water. 

:, «. A doctor, physician ; medicine. 




Mei-i, celebrated doctor. I-giyd^ the 
medical profession. 
^-ruy-^a, t. V. To shoot with a bow. 
^-ruy-ta, t. V. To cast, to found, to run 
metal in moulds. 

^-ru^-ta, i. V. To be, to dwell, sit. Do- 
ko ni i-nasarii^ where do you live? 
Natii wo shite iric, what are you doing ? 
-.\i, n. The drawing of a long sword 
while sitting. — ivo nuku. 
AKU, n. A curtain. 

-AN, n. Medical directions, medical 
opinion. — wo kaku. 
-ATE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To shoot and hit. 
-AWASKy-ru^-ta^ t. V. To happen to be 

-BA, «. A place for shooting the bow. 
-BAiy-o-atta, i. V. To neigh. Uina go, 
-BAKU, n. A curtain. 
-BARA, n. The name of a thorny tree. 
jAR.-^-GAKi, n. A hedge of thorns. 
5ARI, n. Urine. — hukuro^ the blad- 

lBARi,-r«,-«rt, /. z'. To be haughty, ar- 
rogant, insolent, imperious, to boast, to 
vaunt, make a swell, act pompously. 
Ibatte ariiku^ to swagger, strut. Ibatte 
hito wo nii-sageru^ to be arrogant and 
despise others. 

Ibiki, n. Snoring. — wo kaku, to snore. 

\mv.i,-rii.-tia, t. V. To parboil, to scald, 
as vegetables ; to roast slightlj'in ashes ; 
to tease, vex. Ibiri-korosu^ to torment 
to death. 

Ibitsu, n. Oval. — nari, an oval form. 

Ibo, n. A wart, small tumor. — ga de- 
kita, have a wart. 

lBOi,-^,-«7^/a, i. V. To suppurate, to mat- 

Iboi, «. The pus of a moxa. 

lBUKARi,-r«,-i'ifa, i. V. To wonder at, 
consider strange or dubious, to suspect. 

Ibukashii,-/^?,-/4'z<, a. Strange, mysteri- 
ous, unintelligible, doubtful, suspicious, 
Ibukashikit omo, to feel dubious about, 
to wonder at. 

Ibukashisa, «. Doubtfulness, dubious- 
ness, mysteriousness. 

Ibuki, n. The juniper tree. 

Ibukuro, n. The stomach. 

lBURi,-r7<,-2'/rt, i. V. To emit smoke, 

Iburi. Cruel, unfeeling, unmerciful. — 
na hito. 

lBUSEi,-/tz',-/^z< ,-.?/«/, a. Gloomy, dismal, 
disagreeable. Ibusektc onid, to feel 

lBUSHi,-j/(^,-i'«, /. V. To smoke, fumigate, 
(met.) to annoy, ve.x, torment. Ka wo 
— , to smoke out mosquitoes. Ibusare- 
ru, pass. 

Ibushi, n. Fumigation, smoking. 

Ibushi-gusuri, n. Fumigating medicines. 

Ichatsuki,-.^«,-zV«, /. V. To flirt, to 
sport with the girls. 

IcHi, {Jiitotsu). One ; first, prime, whole. 
Ichi-ichi, each one, every particular, 
one by one. Ichi-yo, alike, same. Icki- 
do, once. Ichi-men, the whole surface. 

— dai-ji, of prime importance. 
I-CHi, 71. The order, arrangement in 

which things are placed. — gn yoi. 

IcHi, n. A market, a fair. Icki-ba, mar- 
ket place. Asa-ichi, morning market. 
Sakana ichi, fish-market. Ichi-bito., 
market people. 

Ichi-ban. Number one, the first, the best. 

— me, the first one, the best one. Dai — , 
the very first or best. 

Ichi-bu, n. A silver coin the fourth part 
of a riyo, = about 33 cents ; the tenth 
part of an inch ; also, one per cent. 

ICHI-DAI-KI, n. A biography, memoir. 

Ichido-gavvashi-ni, adv. Alternately, 
by turns. 

IcHi-DZU, {hito snj'i), adv. Only, alone, 
nothing else, persistently. 

Ichi-gai, adv. Wholly, altogether. Ichi- 
gai-mono, one who is wholly given to 
to one thing or obstinately persists in 
what he says or does. 

IcHlGO, n. A raspberry, strawberry. 

ICHi-ji, adv. At one time, same time, al- 
together ; once on a time. 

IcHi-jiKU, n. The fig tree. 

ICHi-jiRUSHi,-/^?/,-j/i/, a. Distinct, dis- 
criminating ; conspicuous, plain, evi- 
dent, manifest ; to be pitied. 

IcHiKO, n. A witch, a fortune-teller or 

IcHi-MEi, n. The whole life. — ni ka- 
karu, to endanger the life. 

IcHi-Mi. One ingredient, one party. 

IcHi-MOTSU, (Jtitotsu no 7noiid). One 
thing, something. Mil — , nothing. 

IcHi-Ri-DZUKA, n. Milestones, or mounds 
of earth on which a post is erected 
marking the miles on a road. 

IcHi-YEN, adv. Positively, peremptorily ; 
with a neg., by no means. 

ICHi-ZA. The whole assembly. 

IcHo, n. Salisburia Adiamtifolia. 

I-DAKE-TAKA-NI, adv. Drawing one's 
self up to his full height. — natte no- 

lDAKi,-ku,-ita, t. V. To embrace, to 
hold in the arms ; to hold or feel in the 
heart, to harbor in the mind. Idaki- 
tsukn, to embrace, hug, throw the arms 

\v>\sw.i,-su.-ta, f. 7'. To cause to go out, 
to send forth, to emit, eject, discharge. 

IDE 80 

Ide, or Ide-ya. Exclam. used to an an- 
tagonist in bantering, come on, now- 
then. Ide o aite ni narimasho. 
lDK,-ru,-^a, i. V. To go out, issue forth, 
proceed from. Ide-aii^ to meet in the 
street or while out. 
Ide-iri, 71. Going out and coming in, ex- 
penses and receipts. 
Ide-tachi. n. The style or manner in 
which a person is dressed, the dress, 
costume, equipment, accoutrement. — 
wo stcrii^ to dress or equip one's self. 
l-DK-TACm,-isi^,-tta, i. v. To be dressed 

up, accoutred, equipped. 
Ide-yu, n. A hot-spring. 
Ido, n. A well. Ido-bata., near the 
well, vicinity of the well. Ido-gawa., 
a well-crib. Ido-gaye., cleaning a well. 
Ido-hori.^ a well digger. 
I-Do, (isha no michi)^ n. The science 

of medicine. 
I-DOKORO, «. A dwelling-place, resi- 
I-DOMi.,-mu,-nda, i. v. To contend in 
war. Idomi-ati, to contend, or strive 
together, contest. Idotni-arasou, to 
contend or strive together, as in war. 
Idomi-tatakUy to battle, make war, 
Idzuchi, {doko), adv. Where, what place, 
— to mo nakuy any where, whereso- 
Idzukata, adv. Where, what place, or 

Idzuko, or Idzuku, adv. Where, what 
place. — ni mo, everywhere. — nite 
tno., in any place, anywhere. 
lDzuKUMARi,-r;^,-i'/'a, i. v. To sit cramp- 
ed, drawn up, or with the body con- 
tracted, Satniii kara idzukumatte 

Idzlkun-zo. Exclam. how ! why ? 

Idzumai, n. Manner of sitting, posture 
in sitting. 

Idzumi, 71. A spring of water., n. Wrestling in a sitting pos- 
ture. — wo torn. 

Idzun-a, n. A kind of sorcery or magic. 

Idzuna-tsukai, «. A sorcerer, a magi- 

Idzure, adv. Where, what, which, who ; 
however, at all events, by all means. 
Jdziire 7ito, everywhere, every one, any 
one. Idzure deitio yoi, any way will 
do. Idzure ni mo, in every place. 
Idzure nite mo, in any place whatever, 
or any one whatever, both, either. 

I-DZfTSU, n. A square well-crib built 
with timbers laid across each other. 

I-FUKU, n. Clothing, garments, wearing 


Iga, n. A burr, prickly shell. Iga-guri 
atatfta, a head covered with short stiflF 
hair like a chesnut burr. 

GAKi, n. A ladle made of bamboo. 
•GAKi, M. A picket-fence. 

.G\MASE,-ru,-ta. To bend, to crook, to 
niake crooked. Hart wo — , to bend a 

-,\sn,-7/iu,-nda, i. v. Crooked, bent ; 
depraved, perverse. 

GAMi, -771 u,-7ida, i. V. To snarl, growl, 
as a dog ; to caterwaul. Igatni-au, 
to snarl or growl at each other, to quar- 

GATA, n. A mould for casting, matrice. 

-GE. Below what is mentioned, after 
"^ 7tiurai ige 

this, hereafter, inferior. 
no mo7io. 

GETA, n. A well-crib. 

-Gi. Strange, unusual, extraordinary, 
Igi-nashi, nothing unusual. 

GiRisu, n. England, — no, English. 

.GiT.\^K\,-ki,~ku,shi,a. Sleepy, drowsy. 
Igitanakute 7iebokeru. 

-Givo, {kawatta kat.ichi). Strange, un- 
natural or monstrous in form or shape. 

-GO. After this, hereafter, henceforth. 
•GUCHi, n. Hare-lip. 

HAi, n. A wooden tablet, on which the 
posthumous name and time of death of 
a person is recorded, ancestral tablet. 

HAI, {so7)itikti). To disobey. 

-HADZtrsHi,-ja,-^a, t. v. To shoot with 
the bow and miss the target. 

-HEN, «. Failure, breach of promise. — 
naku, without fail. 

-HEN. Uncommon, unusual, extraor- 

-HO, n. A medical prescription, or re- 

I, 7!. Good, well, right, fine, pretty, 
nice. Itte no ii, had better go. Do 
demo — , any how will do. — ja nai 
ka, is it not fine ? — ka^ is it right ? 

I, {/neshi), n. Boiled rice. 

I, lu, lUTA or ITTA, t. v. To Say, speak, 
tell, call. 2M0710 wo, — to talk. ' 

\-.\\,-au,-atta, i. v. To dispute, wran- 
gle, quarrel. Futo ii-ai tii ftatta, sud- 
denly began to quarrel. 

i-XTK,-ru,-ta, t. V. To hit, guess. 

\-\\\ \s,^,-ru,-ta, t. V. To talk over and 
agree upon anything; to talk and ar- 

\-\y .\M\Ta,-ru,-ta, i, v. To mistake or 
blunder in saying or telling. li-nyavta- 
seru, to cause another to make a mis- 

[-BITSU, n. A box for carrying boiled 
rice in. 

i-BUN, n. Something to say against or 


about ; some fault to find. — ga nai, 
no fault lo find. 

li-CHiOM^-au^-atia, i. v. To mistake in 
telling, to say or tell incorrectly. 

Ii-CHiRASHi,-j« ,-/■«, /. V. To spread 
about, or disseminate anything by talk- 
ing about it. 

li-UAsni^-su-ta, t. v. To begin to speak, 
to utter, to speak out or say, to pro- 

Ii-FLKUME,-rM,-/a, /. V. To Order, in- 
struct, direct or explain anything in or- 
der to have it carried out. 

Ii-FUKASHi,-j?<,-/^, t. V. To publish, 
make known, divulge. 

Ii-FuSE,-r«,-/rt, t. V. To defeat in an ar- 
gument, to vanquish, refute. 

Ii-FUSEGi,-^2<, -/</«, /. V. To gainsay, 
contradict, to oppose, deny ; to defend. 

Ii-GAi-NAKi,-/^«,-j//z, a. Not worth 
speaking of, no use in talking about. 

Ii-GATAi,-/<-z,-/t.v,-j//z", a. Hard to say, 
or difficult to speak or tell. 

Ii-GUSA, n. A matter, subject or topic 
of talk, an occasion for talk ; excuse, 

Ii-HADZL;sHi,-jK,-/rt, t. V. To miss or 
fail to speak of, fail to guess. 

Il-HAGURAKASHI,-j:c,-i'«, t. V. To tum 

the conversation to something else, 
to wander away from the subject. 

Ii-HARi,-r«,-//a, i. V. To asseverate, as- 
sert, to persist in saying. 

Ii-HiRAKi,->^z<,-zV«, t. V. To vindicate, 
exculpate, to clear from the charge of 
fault or crime. 

Ii-HODOKi,-y^2<,-//<j, t. V. To unravel, 
solve, explain, interpret, analyze. 

Ii-iFE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To propose, offer, 
put in an offer or bid. 

l\-K..\CHi-tsu ,-tta , 7. V. To defeat, van- 
quish, beat or overcome in a discussion. 

Ii-KAKE,-r^<,-i'a, t. V. To impute, charge 
with, to blame, accuse with ; to begin 
to say, be about to say; to accost, to 
address another. 

Ii-KAKL'SHi,-j«,-^«, t. V. To conceal or 
cover over by talking, to palliate, to 
deny the knowledge of. 

Ii-K;AXE,-r«,-i'a, t. V. To dislike to tell, 
to find it hard to say. 

Ii-KASL'.ME,-r«,-/'(!;, t. V. To obscure by 
telling, obfuscate. 

Ii-KATA, n. Way or manner of speaking ; 
something to say. — ga na, impossi- 
ble to say it. 

Ii-KATAME,-r?/,-^a, /. V. To confirm, 
establish, ratify, settle. 

Ii-KAWA.SHi,-j?<,-^a, t. 71. To exchange 
words, to promise, to make a verbal 
agreement. 1 


>i IIP 

Il-KAYE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To change or take 
back what one has said, retract, dis- 
Ii-KAYESHi,-^s-M,-^a, t. V. To Say back, 

to retort, to answer back, reply to. 
Ii-KE3Hi,-jM-/^, /. V. To contradict, 

deny, gainsay. 
Ii-KiKASE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To tell, inform 
of, to communicate, let know, let 
Ii-KiwAME,-r«,-ifa, t. V. To settle, de- 
cide, determine : to exhaust a subject, 
say all that can be said. 
Ii-KOME,-rz^,-^rt, /. V. To confute, con- 
vince, to silence another in an argu- 
Ii-KURASHi,-j« ,-/■«, t. V. To spend the 

whole day in talking about anything. 
Ii-KUROME,-r?/,-/a. To blacken by talk- 
ing, to dupe, to color or varnish by 
Ii-MADOi,-<?,-^^/^, i. V. To be confused, 
lost or bewildered in one's talk. Caust, 
li-tnadoivascru^ to confuse or cause 
another to err in speaking. 
Ii-MAGiRASHi,-j7/,-/«, t. V. To Speak 
confusedly so as to conceal the truth ; 
to blind, mystify by talking, to mis- 
Ii-MAKEj-rM,-/'«, /. V. To be defeated or 

vanquished in an argument. 
Ii-MAWASHi,-j«,-^«, t. V. To talk clever- 
ly, to handle a subject skilfully, to ex- 
Ii-NADAME,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To sooth, com- 

fort, pacify, console. 
Ii-NADZL-KE,-rM,-2'a, t. V. To betroth, 

affiance, to contract in marriage. 
Ii-NADZUKE, n. Betrothal, espousal. 
Ii-N.^RAi,-^?,-!?/^, i. V. To be accustomed 
to saying, to be in the habit of saying, 
to learn to talk. 
Ii-NASHi,-jz^,-/a, t. V. To make appear 
so by talking ; to represent, show, or 
make by talking. Uso -wo inakoto ni. — 
Ii-NiKUi,-/^/,-,lr«,-j-/z/, a. Hard or diffi- 
cult to say ; bad, unpleasant or disa- 
greeable to say. 
Ii-NOBE,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To postpone, de- 
fer, put-off; to tell, relate. 
Ii-NOGARE,-rM,-^a, t. V. To avoid speak- 
ing of, to evade, shun or escape by say- 
Ii-NUKE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To slip out of, get 

out of, or escape by talking. 
Ii-OKi,--^«,-i'<z, /. V. To leave word. 

Kuiuashiku ii-oite kayeta. 
Ii-6SE,-r«,-ifa, or Ii-owaseru, t. v. To 
impute, to lay to the charge of another, 
to blame with. 
Ii-panashi, «. Saying and going away 

IIS 82 

without waiting for a reply. — ni shite 

l-SABAKi,~ku,~zia, t. V. To say and un- 
ravel, unfold or explain ; to clear up 
what is obscure or difficult. 

i-SAMASHi,-j?^,-/«, t. V. To speak and 
dissuade from ; to cool or abate the de- 
sire for anything by talking. 

i-SAMATAGEi-rWi-Za, t. V. By speaking 
to hinder, interfere, or prevent. 

i-SASHi,-ji^,-/frt, t. V. To leave off talk- 
ing before one is done, owing to some 

-SHiDZUME,rr«,-^rt, t. V. By speaking 
to hush, quiet, or still. 

i-SHiROi,-^ ,-<?/■«, t. V. To dispute, alter- 
cate, wrangle. 

-soBiRE,-r«,-^«, i. V. Not able to speak 
or give utterance to. 

i-SOKONAi,-«2<,-a^^a, t. V. To do harm 
or injury by talking ; to mistake in say- 
ing, to commit an error in speaking. 
-SOME,-r«,-ifrt, /. V. To begin to talk, 
as a child ; to be derived or coined, as a 
word ; to be first spoken. 
-SONji,-r?^,-/a, t. V. To mistake in say- 
ing, say incorrectly, to do harm by 

i-suGi,-r?<,-^«, i. V. To say too much, 
or more than is proper ; to speak rude- 
ly, violently or abusively. 

:-suKUME,-r?<,-^rt, t. V. To convince or 
force to yield or assent to an argu- 

:-suTE,-rM,-/a, t. V. To say and go 
away not waiting for a reply. A isatsu 
mo kikadzu ni ii-siitete yuku. 
-TAi^-ki^-ku^-shi, a. Wish to say or 
speak, desirous of telling. litaku nai., 
do not wish to say. 

[-TAOSHi,-jK,-/rt:. t. V. To overcome, 
vanquish or defeat in an argument. 

i-TATE,-?-«,-^a, t. V. To set agoing, to 
get up or originate, as a story or report; 
to say or offer to a superior, as a peti- 

i-Tom ^-ru,-tia, t. v. To express, to 
speak, tell, or explain in language. Ko- 
koro ni wakarite iva. iyedomo ii-toru 
koto ga inudzukashii . 

l-T6SHi,-su,-ta^ t. V. To continue or 
persist in saying, to say constantly. 

i-TSUGi,-^M,-;^/a, /. V. To pass or trans- 
mit a word or messsage from one to an- 
other. Hito no hatiashi too iitsuide 

I-TSUKAWASHI,-J?<,-^«:, t. V. To tell Or 

say to another by a messenger. 
i-TSUKE,-r7/,-/^, /. V. To give orders, 

to command, to bid, to tell, inform. 
i-TSUKE, H. A command, order. 


Ii-TSUKURAi,-^,-/'2'rt, t. V. To mend, re- 
pair or adjust by words. 

Ii-TSUKUSHi,-j«,-^z, t. 7'. To exhaust a 
subject, to say all that can be said. 

Ii-TSUME,-r?^,-/rt, t. V. To corner, to 
put one in a tight place in an argument, 
to silence, confute. 

Ii-TSUNORi,-r«,-^^rt, i. V. To grow warm 
in an argument, to become more and 
more excited or severe in talking. 

Ii-TSUTAYE,-^?^,-/^, t. V. To tell from 
one to another, to hand down by say- 
ing ; to preach to others, to dissemin- 

Ii-WAKE, n. Explanation, account, apol- 
ogy, excuse, extenuation. — ga nai^ no 

Ii-WAKE,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To explain, clear 
up, or make plain. 

Ii-WATASHi,-^«,-^a, t. V. To pass a word 
or order to another, to give orders. 

Ii-YABURii-r^,-/"/!?, t. V. To divulge, to 
break a secret, to confute or convince. 

IiVE, adv. No, is not, am not. 

Ii-vo, n. Way, or manner of speaking or 
saying, mode of speech or utterance. 
Mudzukashiku ie — ga. nai., it is so 
difficult I cannot say it. 

Ii-vORi,-rz^,-/M, /. V, To approach and 
say, to court, woo. 

Ii-ZAMA, n. Way of speaking, habit of 
saying. — no ivarui hito. 

I-ji, {katvatta koto)., n. Any thing 
strange, unusual, uncommon, or ex- 

Iji, n. Spirit, temper, disposition. — 
■wo haru., to be obstinate, cross-grained. 

Iji-BARi,-r« ,-//«:, /. V. To be obstinate, 

Iji-DZUKU. Roused to obstinacy, over- 
bearing. — ni ftaru., to become obsti- 
nate and unyielding. 

IjiGiTAN.\i,-,^z,-/{'?/,-j/i/, a. Gluttonous, 
greedy, fond of good eating. 

Iji-iji. — sum, to fret, to be irritated, 

IjiKARi-MATA, adv. — de arttku, to walk 
with the legs widely separated, to walk 
in a straddling way. 

IjiKE,-r«,-Ai, i.v. To shrink, contract, 
to be small or stunted. 

IjiME,-rM,-^a, t. V. To bully, hector, to 
treat with insolence, to vex, tease, to 
annoy, to chafe. 

I-ji.NT, n. A foreigner, a strange person. 

IjiRASHii,-,t/,-ytM, a. That which causes 
fretting, worry, grief, sorrow, or vexa- 
tion. Ijiraskiku omou, to feel vexed. 

ljim,-ru,-tta, t. v. To handle, to feel, 
meddle with ; to oppress, vex, tease, to 



ljim-VASHi,~s7t,-ia, t. v. To drive away I 
'or oppressing, j 
\lb\{nokoshi gaki)^ n. A will, or 

by persecuting;, vexing, or oppressing. 

made by a dying person and 
left for the instruction of others. 

I-j6, adv. Above, before. Rokuju nen 
i-jOy above 60 years. Chiu yori — no 
mono., persons above the middle class. 

I-jUTSU, n. The medical art, practice of 

I-KA, adv. Below, below this, from this 
on, henceforth, after this. Chiu i-ka 
no inono.^ persons below the middle 

Ika, «. The cuttle-fish. 

Ikabakari, adv. How much? how 
great ? very great. 

IiCADA, «. A raft of timber. 

Ikada-shi, n. A raftsman. 

Ikadeka, adv. How, why. 

Ikadzuchi, n. Thunder. 

Ikaga, adv. How, why, what ; doubt, 
hesitation. — itaso, what shall I do ? 
Kore wa ikaga de gozdru., how is this? 
Biyo-nin no yddai lua ikaga, how is 
the sick man ? — to nareba^ to ex- 
plain, or state the reason. 

Ikagahii,-/^/,-/&?^j-j/2z, a. Doubtful, du- 
bious, uncertam. Amari ikagaskii 
kara itashimasen. 

Ika-hodo. How much. — mo nai, have 
not much, 

Irai, a. Great, big, enormous, much. 

— koto aru, have a great many. — 
uso, a great lie. 

Ikai, «. Rank, grade. — wo sustcfnu, 

to rise in rank. 
I-KAKE.-rz<,-/«, t. V. To repair pots, 

kettles, or any kind of castings. 
Ikake-va, n. A tinker, a repairer of 

utensils made of cast metal. 
lKAMESHii,-ki,-kii., a. Having a stern, 

severe, or fierce appearance. 
Ika-mono-GUI, n. One who dares eat 

Ikan, adv. Of interrogation, or doubt ; 

how, what. — to suru, what shall I 

do ? Ikan to nareha, to give the rea- 
son, to state why, because. 
Ikanaru, n. What kind, what manner. 
Ikanareba. For the reason that, for, 

Ikani, adv. Of interrogation, or doubt ; 

how, what. — sen., what shall I do ? 

Ikatii shite mo yoi, any way will do. 

— to nareba., if you ask how, the rea- 
son is, because. 

Ikani-mo, adv. Indeed, very much, very 
well, greatly. — zonjite orimasu., I 
know it very well. 

Ikanobori, n. A kite. 


KARASE,-r«,-^«, caust. of Ikari. To 
make angry, to anger, enrage. 

K.ARERU, rt. Angry. — gatishok^i^zn^rj 

KARE,-r?^,-/a, poten. oi Iku. To go, can 
go. — nai, can't go, can't be done. 

KARI, n. An anchor. — 7io tsutne^ the 
fluke of an anchor. 

KARI ,-r /<,-«//«, /. v. To be angry. 

ii\Ki, -ru..-atta., i. v. To be put into the 
water and kept alive, as a flower. 

KARI, n. Anger. 

KASAMA, adv. How, in what way ; but 
in coll. used in expressing surprise or 
assent to what another says. = In- 
deed, truly. 

KASE,-r7<,-/«, caust. of Iku. To make 
to go, let go, to send. Ikasete kuda- 

■, let n 


KASHi,-jz<,-Ai, t. V. To restore to life, 
revive, to let live. Kane luo ikashite 
tsukau, to spend money usefully. 

KATSUi,-/^/,->^«, a. Rude, harsh, rough 
in manner, churlish. 

KATSUGA.MASii,-/^/,-/^«, a. Rough, harsh, 
rude in manner. 

■KAVESHi,-j« ,-/«,/. z*. To shoot an ar- 
row back. 

KA-vo, adv. How, in what way. — de 
yoroshii., any how will do. 
, n. A pond, artificial lake. 

KE,-y?< ,-/■«, t. V. To keep alive, to be 
alive. Nana -zvo — , to put flowers in 
water so as to keep them alive. 

KE,-rM,-^rt, t. V. To bury, to plant, to 
set in the ground, as a post. Goini tvo 
tsuchi ni — , to bury litter in the 

iK^-ni.-ta. Potent, of Iku., can go. 
Kono michi -wa ikeru ka., is this road 
passable ? 

KE-BANA. n. A flower kept alive by put- 
ting in the water. 

KEDORi,-r«,-^^a, /. V. To take alive, 
take prisoner. 

KE-FUZAKE,-r«,-/a, /. V. To play rough- 
ly or rudely, to romp. 
:e-gaki, n. A live hedge. 

KE-MORi, n. A kind of food made of raw 

•KEN, n. Counsel, advice ; opinion, 
judgment; admonition, reproof. — wo 
SU7-U., to counsel, admonish. 

KENAi, {pot. neg. of Iku, to go.) Can- 
not go, used in com. coll. in the sense 
of, of no use, bad, won't do, can't do. 
Koio fude — , this pen is of no use. 
Kono tcchiwa ikenakunatta, the fan is 
no longer fit to use. 
lKENGAMSHn,-/^z',-/c'«, a. Fond of giving 
advice or admonition. 

IKE 84 

Ikeniye, n. Sacrifices of things that 
have life, animal sacrifices. Hito wo 

— ni ageru to offer a human sacrifice. 
Hito no tame ni — ni nam. 

Ikesu, 71. A pond or basket in which 
fish are kept alive. 

Iki, «. The breath. — wo sum., to 
breathe. — wo hiku, to draw in the 
breath. — wo tsuku., to sigh. — ga 
kireru., to be out of breath, short- 

Iki, «. Elegant, stylish, genteel, refined. 

— na onna., a stylish woman. 
lKi.,-m,-ta, i. V. To be alive, to live. 

Ikiteoru^ living. Naga iki^ long life. 

lKi,-,^«,-z'^rt, /. z/., com. col. for yu/tu, to 
go. /tte mo ii, you had better go. /tte 
totte koi, go and bring. Jtte inim, to 
go and se°. 

Ikidawashi,-/^/,->^«, a. Having a diffi- 
culty in breathing. 

[KiD6Ri,-rw,-^^a, i. V. To be angry, to 
be in a passion, exasperated, enraged, 

Ikidori, n. Anger, resentment. 

Iki-dzukai, n. Respiration, breathing. 
. — wo shite kikase-nasare, let me listen 
to your breathing. 

Iki-dzuve, n. The staff carried by chair- 
bearers to rest the chair on when stop- 

Iki-gake-ni, adv. While going, while 
on the way. 

Iki-GIRE, n. Hard breathing, short- 
winded, out of breath. 

Iki-ji, n. Passion, irritation, excitement, 
temper. — ruo ham., to show bad 
temper, or obstinacy. 

lKi-KAYE,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To return to life, 
revive, come to life again. 

Iki-kusai,-,^/,-^«, a. Having a foul or 
. stinking breath. 

Iki-m.\ki,-/^?<,-zV«, i. V. To be out of 
breath, to breathe hard, or pant, as an 
angry person. 

Ikimi, 71. ' Straining, urgent desire to go 
to stool or to urinate, tenesmus ; bear- 
ing down pains of labor. 

lKiMi,-;««,-«^a, i. V. To strain, press, 
or bear down, at stool, or in labor. 

lKi-NAGARAVE,-rw,-^a, i. V. Living, 
whilst living, during life. 

Ikioi, n. Power, force, momentum, 
strength ; authoritj', might, influence. 

Ikire,-^^,-^, i. V. To be very hot and 
close, sultry ; to be mustj'^, or spoiled. 
Kjtsa-ikire, the odor of hot grass. 

I-KiRi,-rM,-/^rt, t. V. To cut in two by 
shooting with an arrow. 

Iki-rivo, 71. The spirit or ghost of a 
living person. 


Ikiseki-to, adv. Hurried breathing, 
panting, blowing. 

Iki-sugi, n. One who makes a show of 
knowing or doing what he knows noth- 
ing about, a pretender, braggart. 

Iki-tsuki, n. Breathing-time, time of 
resting from work, recess. 

Iki-utsushi, 71. Life-like resemblance, 
copied to the life. 

Ikivaku. — siiru., to be troubled, an- 
noyed, perplexed. 

Iki-zashi, 71. The breathing, respira- 

Ikka. What day ? Kon-nichi wa ikka, 

what day of the month is this ? 
Ikka. One load, (for a man^. — no ha- 

kobi-chin wa ikura, what is the charge 

for carrying one load ? 
Ikkado, adv. Especial, particular, chief- 

est, most eminent. 
Ikkambari, 71. Articles made of paper 

thickly pasted over a frame 0/ wood and 

Ikketsu. — sur?i, to make a resolution, 

come to a determination, to resolve. 
Ikki, n. A revolt, mob, insurrection. 
Ikkivo, adv. One effort, one blow, one 

Ikkivo, «• A pleasant time, frolic, di- 
version. — wo 7noydsu, to get up a 

Ikko, adv. Wholly, quite, exceedingly ; 

with a negative verb, = not at all. — 

zonjimaseny don't know anything about 

Iko, (dubitative form oi Iku). I think, or 

desire to go. — to oi7tdte 7710 hi ma ga 

«rtz, I thought of going, but had no 

Iko, ad7>. Very, exceedingly. — waruiy 

very bad. — yoroshil, very good. 
Iko, n. A rack or stand for hanging 

clothes on. 
I KOI, -<?,-(? /a, /. V. To rest. 
I-KON, {iiokoru jira/tti). Malice, re- 
sentment, enmity, spite or ill-will. 
I-KOROSHi,-f?/,-/a, i. V. To shoot and 

kill with an arrow. 
Iku, adv. How many? — do, how 

often ? — tabiy how often ? Iku hodo 

mo 7takic., in a very short time. 
Ikubaku, {7ianihodo). How much, how 

many, some. — mo nashi., not much. 
I-KUBI, n. Pig-neck, short necked. 
lKU-HiSASHii,-/tz,-,^//, adv. A long time, 

a long time to come. 
Ikujinai,-/^;,-.?///, a. Devoid of spirit, or 

courage; weak or craven -hearted, 

pusillanimous, idle, lazy. 
Ikun, 71. The commands, instructions, 

or will of a dying person. 




Ikura, adv. How much, how many. 
Nedan iva — \ what is the price ? Ko- 
no hon wa niada ikura mo aru, have 
still many of these books. 

Ikusa, n. War, an army. — sziru^ to 
war, to fight. — ««? if<J^/<, weapons of 

Ikutsu, adv. How many ? Gmaye no o 
toshi iva — , how old are you ? 

I-KUWAN, n. The oesophagus. 

I-KUWAN, adv. Since then, ever since, 
from that time. 

I-KUWAN, n. Rank and office. 

I-KUWAN, n. The stomach. 

I-Kuwo, n. Majesty, glorj', power. 

Iku-ye-ni-mo. Used in beseeching, im- 
ploring, or requesting, = earnestly, ur- 
gently. — yoroshiku o tanomi-mdshi- 
inasu, I urgently request you. 

I-MA, n. A sitting-room. 

Ima, adv. Now, the present ; modern. 
— no yo^ the present age. — kara, 
henceforth, after this. — jibun.^ now, 
at present. Inta ya ima ya to 7natsu^ 
to wait in momentary expectation. 
Ima niy now, presently. — hitoriy the 
other person. 
MADA, adv. Yet, still ; with a neg., not 
yet. — konu, not yet come. — konu 
maye ni, before he comes. 
ma-I!Mashii,-,^/,-/^2<, a. Disagreeable, 
disgusting, unpleasant, unlucky. 
MAMEKASHii,-/^/,-A-«. Modern in style, 
like present custom. 

MA-SARA, adv. Now at last, now after 
so long a time. — ko-kiiwai shite mo 
oyobanaiy it is now too late to con- 
:mashi,-j«,-^«, i. V. To be, to dwell. 
Danna iva uchi ni iynasu ka^ is your 
master at home ? Intasen^ is not at 

mashigata, adv. Just now, a moment 
!MASHiME,-rz<,-/«, t. V. To admonish, 
caution, counsel, to warn ; to threaten, 
to punish, to correct, chastise. 
MASHIME, 11. Instruction, admonition, 
caution, counsel, warning, correction, 
punishment, reproof, prohibition. 
MAWA. The end of life, the time of 
death. — ««? /^/wa, article of death. 
MAWASHii,-^z',-/^z^, a. Disagreeable, 
odious, oifensive, unpleasant, disgust- 

M-BAN, «. A seal, stamp. 
m-b6, n. Secret intrigue or plot, a con- 

M-BON, n. Adukery. 
Mi,->«z<,-Wi/«, t. V. To dislike, have an 
aversion for, disgust for, avoid, shun, to 

hate, abhor. Imi-kirau., to dislike, 

regard with aversion or disgust. 
Imi, h. The mourning on the death of a 

relative. — no uclii^ during the time 

of mourning. — rt/iv, the end of 

mourning. Imi-goinen.^ excused from 

mourning, — in order to attend to one's 

Imi, «. Meaning, sense, significance. 
Imi-buku, n. The clothes worn during 

Imi-mono, n. Things which one avoids 

or abstains from. 
Imi-na, n. The name which a person 

receives on arriving at the age of fifteen. 
I-mivo, n. Another, or different name ; 

a nick-name. 
Im-mon, n. The vulva. 
Im-motsu, n. A present. 
Imo, n. An edible root, potato. Satsu- 

ma-imo, sweet potato. Jagatara- 

imo^ common potato. Sato-imo, the 

Taro. Yama no imo., or nagai-imo^ a 

kind of long edible root. Imo-batake., 

a potato-field, potato-patch. 
mo, n. The scars left by small-pox. — ■ 

gao, a face pitted by small-pox. 
mo-gara, n. The stems of the Taro 

MOji, n. ' The cloth worn around the 

waist by women. 

MO-MUSHi, n. The large green cater- 
pillars found on the Taro plant. 
-MONO, n. Articles made by casting in 

moulds ; a casting. 
MONO-SHI, n. A founder, caster of metal 

MORI, n. A kind of water-lizard. 
MOTO, «. Younger sister. — muko., the 

husband of a younger sister. 
M-PON, n. A printed book. 
M-PU, 71. An adulterous or lewd 

N, 71. A rhyming syllable. — wo fuinu., 

to rhyme. 

f, n. A stamp, seal. — ivo osti., to 

N, {yokoshitna,) «. Licentiousness. — 

zvo koiiomu., to be licentious. 
N, (kage.,) 71. Shade, the female principle 

of Chinese philosophy ; the male is 

called, j;'<?. 

vA, 71. A kind of river fish. 
NA, adv. No, not so. — to iu., said, 

no. Ina-ya., so or not, whether or not, 

NABiKARi, n. Lightning. 

lA, /?. A kind of mackerel. 
NADZUMA, 7t. Lightning. 
NAGO, 71. A kind of insect that infests 

rice fields. 


lNAjnu,-7HU,-n(fa, i. v. To become 
used to living in, to be at home in, or 
accustomed to a place. 

Inaka, n. Any place away from the 
capital, country. — monOy a country- 
man, rustic. — yiZ, country style. — 
kusaiy boorish, rustic. 

In AMI, -m a ^-nda, t. v. To decline, re- 

Ina-mura, n. Stacks of rice-straw. 

lNANAKi,-^'M,-zVa, i. V. To neigh. 

I-NAORi,-r«,-i'/rt, t. V, To change one's 
seat, c-r adjust one's self in a seat. 

I-NARABi,-3«,-«^a, i. V. To sit in a row, 
or in ranks. 

I-NARE,-r«,-/'a:, t. V. To be used to a 
place, become familiar or accustomed 
to living in a place. 

lNARE,-r?/,-i'«, i. V. To be gone, leave. 

Inari, w. The god of rice. 

Inasa, n. A south-east wind. 

Ind.\RI. Swappmg, exchanging, barter. 

— ni suru^ to swap, trade. 

lNE,-r?^-/rt, i. y. To sleep, to be in bed. 

Ine, n. Rice in the stalk or while grow- 
ing ; paddy. 

I-NEMURI, «. Dozing, drowsy, to sleep 

while sitting. 
Ingen, n. A kind of white bean. 
In-gin. Polite, courteous, civi!, kind. 

— bureiy over polite and annoying. 
In-giy6, n. A seal, stamp. 

In-GO {kakushi kotoba), n. Disguised, 
secret or concealed language ; an enig- 

In-gu\va, n. One's deeds and their re- 
ward ; cause, reason. — no vtukuiy 
retribution, or punishment for one's 

Inishive, «. Past times or ages, ancient 
time, antiquity. 

In-ja, n. A hermit, recluse. 

In-ji {kakttreta koto), n. A concealed 
or hidden affair, a secret, mystery. 

In-ji, n. Marbles. 

I.N-ju {kadzu). The number of anything. 
Tawara no — . 

In-jun. — suru^ to procrastinate, delay, 

In-kan, ft. A stamped ticket shown as a, ticket, a pass. 

In-ki. Cloudy, dark, gloomy, dull, som- 

In-kivo, n. Living in retirement or se- 
clusion, retired from business. 

In-kiy6, n. Membrum virile. 

Inko, n. A parrot. 

In-ku\va, n. A phosphorescent light, 
ig:nis fat u us. 

In-nen, n. Affinity or relation in a pre- 
vious state of existence, according to 

86 ipp 

which the condition or lot in this life is 
supposed to be determined. Cause, 
reason, secret affinity, relation, or con- 
nection. Do-iu — (ie ko natta^ what 
is the reason of my being in this condi- 
tion ? 

N-NiKU, n. The ink or coloring matter 
used for sealing or stamping. 

N-No, «. The scrotum. 

NOCHi, n. Life. — wo kakeru, to risk 
the life. hiochi-gake, hazardous, 
dangerous, perilous to life. Inochi-goi, 
asking or praying for life. 

NOKO, «. A small pig. 

NORi,-r«-^rt, L V. To pray, to suppli- 
cate. Inori-korosu, to kill by pray- 
er, to pray the gods to kill. 
lORi, 71. Prayer, supplication. — -wo 
sum., to pray. 

rosHiSHi, n. A wild hog. — tnusha., a 
soldier who never retreats. 

N-RAKU, n. Carnal pleasures, sensual 

N-RAN, n. Venery, lasciviousness, lewd- 
ness. — na htto., a lascivious per- 

j-r6, n. A nest of small boxes carried 
suspended from the belt. 

N-SHiN, «. Tidings, word, communica- 
tion ; account, message. 

N-SHo, n. Internal congestion. 

N-SHo, n. A seal, stamp. 

N-SHOKU (nomi kui). Drink and food. 
— suru, to eat and drink. 

N-Stj, n. Even numbers. 

N-su, n. The number. — nani hodo. 

N-sui, n. The semen. 

N-TAKU, n. The dwelling of a person 
living in retirement. 

N-TOKU, n. Charity, or meritorious 
deeds done in secret. 

NU. Neg. of /r«, not in. Inu ka, is he 
in ? Inakaita., was not in. 

Ni', n. A dog ; one of the twelve- cal- 
endar signs. — no ko, "a pup. — no 
toki, eight o'clock at night. — no ka~ 
^«,theW. N. W. 

NUGO, n. A swelling of the Ij-mphatic 
glands in the armpit or groin. 

NU-i, n. The northwest. 

-v.\-&.\-ku,-ita, t. V. To shoot an arrow 
through, pierce by shooting. 

nukoro. n. A pup. 
,--v6. The male and female, or active 
and passive principles of nature, ac- 
cording to Chinese philosophy. 
i-voKU, n. Lascivious desires, lust, 
lewdness, vener>'._ 

oBivo, n. Chlorosis. 

PPAI. Once full. Midzu ga ippai ni 
natta, it has become full of water. 

IPP 87 

PPAN, adv. Whole, universal, general. 
Seken — , the whole world. 

PPENGOSHI-NI, adzi. Alternately. 

PPON'DACHI, n. Standing alone ; alone, 
by one's self; independent of others. 
— de siirji, to do anything without the 
help of others. 

R.\, n. The nettle, a prickle. Sakatid 
no — , the spines of a fish. 

-RxcHi^-tstc^-ta, t. V. To irritate, fret, or 
vex one's self, to be angry. Ki ivo 
iratsu^ to be impatient. 

RADACHi,-jz^,-z'rt, t. V. To be angry, 
impatient, fretful. 

-RAI {yori-tanotnu). — suru, to re- 
quest, or beg one to do a favor. 

RAI, adv. After in time ; since, hence- 
forth, in future. Kore yori i7-ai, from 
this time, henceforth. 

RA-IRA, adv. Pricking, irritating, pee- 
vish, irritable, testy. — sum., to prick, 
irritate, smart. 

RA-iRASHii,-/C'/,-/^?^„ a. Irritable, peev- 
ish, passionate, impatient. 

RAKA, «. A tiled roof. 

RA-MUSHi, n. A kind of caterpillar cov- 
ered with sharp hairs. 

RAN {chigai midarurii) n. A dispute 
or contention about an alleged mistake, 
litigation. — ivo iu, to dispute, dis- 

R.A-NAi. Neg. of Iru. — mono, useless 

RARAGi,-^?^,-/rt, /. V To have the skin 
corrugated and rough from cold ; goose- 

RARE,-r?<,-i'^. Pot. of Iru., can be, can 
dwell or live. Kono atsui tokoro ni 
irarenu, I cannot live in such a hot 
place as this. 

RASE,-ru,-ia. Caust. of Irz. To cause, 
make, or let roast or parch. 

RA&SHARi,-ru ,-iia. Polite cdII. in speak- 
ing to another, either in coming, going, 
or being. Doko ye irassharhnasu., 
where are you going ? 

RA-TSUKi,-/^z^,-zVa. i. V, To be excited, 
impatient, peevish. 

RAVE, n. Answer, reply, response. — 
•wo suru, to answer, reply. 

RAVE,-ru,-ta, i. V. To answer, to re- 
ply, to respond. 

RK,-ru,-ia, t. V. To put into, to place 
in, take in, insert ; to use, employ. 
Mtiko %vo — , tj bring a son-in-law into 
ones family by marrj'ing the daughter. 
Nen wo — , to pay attention to. Ire- 
chigai, to put in by mistake. Ire- 
kayeru^ to take out and put in, to 
change the contents of anything. Ire- 
kofnu, to invest, to contribute, as capi- 


tal in trade ; to put into. Jre-oku, to 
put into, place in and leave. 

~lRE,-r?^,-2fa, i. V. To be parched, 

toasted ; to be impatient, fretful, cross, 
peevish. Kono inatne yoku ire-iiia- 
shi'ta. Ki no ireta hito., an impatient 

Ire-ba, n. Artificial tooth. 

Ireba-shi, n. A dentist. 

Ire-bokuro, 71. Small spots tattooed i 
the skin. 

Ire-dzumi, 71. Branded by marks tat- 
tooed in the skin with ink. 

Ire-fuda, 71. A written bid at an auc- 
tion, a written proposal, a ballot, a vote. 
— %vo suru., to put in a written bid, to 

Ire-ga!\ii, «. False hair. 

Ire-gomi, n. Mixed, jumbled together. 

I-REi. Different from the usual state or 
condition, indisposed, unwell. Irei tno 
itakii shite iki tayetari. 

Ire-ko, n. A nest or set of boxes, where 
one fits into another. — <5a£-A/, a nest 
of bowls. 

Ire-me, 71. Artificial eye. 

Ire-mono, «. A vessel for holding any- 

lm,-ru,-ia, i. v To go into, enter ; to 
hold, contain ; to use, to want, to need. 
Kore iva na7i ni iru 710 da., of what 
use is this? Iri-chigau, to enter and 
pass each other, to be athwart, to be 
crossed. Iri-kawaru, to enter in the 
place of one gone out, to take turns in 
doing. Iri-komu^ to enter in. Iri- 
ktttnu. to be confused, mixed together, 
jumbled. Iri-majiru ^ mixed, blended, 
mingled together, intermingled. Iri- 
midaru., to be confused, mixed, jum- 
bled together. 

lRi,-r2(,-ifa, t. V. To parch, roast. 

Iri, 71. Day's work. — de suru., to do 
by day's work. 

Iki-ai, n. Sundown. — no kane, the 

Iri-gane, n. Money expended, expendi- 

Iri-gome, n. Parched rice. 

Iri-hi, n. The setting sun. 

Irika, 71. The amount put into or em- 
ploj'ed in any work, the expenses, ex- 
penditures, disbursements. — wa fia- 
7ti ho do. 

Iriko, n. Trepang or bich-de-mer. 

Iri-kuchi, 71. The hole or place of en- 
trance, entrance, door. 

Iri-mame, n. Parched peas. 

Iri-me, 7t. The amount put in or ex- 
pended, expense, cost, disbursement. 

iRi-MyKO, n. The second husband of a 



daughter who lives in her father's fam- 

Iri-nabe, n. A pan for parching or roast- 

Iri-shigoto, n. Day s work. 

lRi-TSUKE,-ra,-2?a, i. v. To fry, or roast 
anything until it sticks to the pan. [ 

lRi-TSUKi,-/i-z<r,-/M, 2. V. To be fried or 
roasted until dry or browned. 

Iri-umi, n. A bay, gulf, inlet, arm of the i 
sea. 1 

Iri-ye, n. A bay, inlet, or recess in the | 
shore of a river. 

Iri-v6, 71. Expense, outlay ; use. — luo , 
ikura kakari-mashitay what was the j 
expense ? Kore wa nan no — ni suru^ \ 
of what use is this? | 

Iro, (coll. imp. of Iru). Hon wo yonde 
iro, read your book. ; 

Iro, n. White clothes worn by women at 

Iro, «. Color; (met.) appearance, sign, 
or semblance, tone, variety. Iro ni go 
shiki ariy there are five kinds of color, 
"(viz : white, black, red, yellow, green,) 
— wo tsukerUy to color. Kao no iro, 
the complexion. Teki wa make iro ni 
natta, the enemy showed signs of giv- 
ing way. Hiio no koiva-iro wo tsu- 
kau, to imitate the voice of another. 
RO, n. Love, lewdness, venery ; a mis- 
tress, paramour, lover. — ni naru, to 
be in love ; lust after. 
RO-AGE, n. Restoring a color to its ori- 
ginal lustre. — wo surti. 
RO-Ai, tt. The colors, coloring ; appear- 
ance. — ga yoi^ the coloring is good. 
RO-BANASHi, H. An obscene story, love- 
RODORi,-rM,-^/a:, t. -v. To ornament with 
a variety of colors, to color, paint. 
RODORi, 71. Painting, coloring. 
RO-DZUKi,-/^7<,-zVrt, i zi. To become 
ripe or mature, to put on a ripe col- 

RO-GOTO, n. A love intrigue, a love af- 

RO-GURUi, «, Abandoned to debauchery 
or lewdness. 

■RO-HA, n. The first three syllables of 
the Japanese syllabary. 

ROi,-(?,-^/a, t. V. To handle, meddle 
with, to quiz, jeer, or to speak ironi- 

RO-iRo, adz>. Various, many, difiFerent 
kinds, diverse. 

RO-KA, n. Color and fragrance, beauty 
an4 loveliness of women. 

RO-KE, 71. Love or fondness for the op- 
posite sex. — ga tsuita, to arrive at the 
age of puberty. 

lROKEDZUKi,-,^«,-?Va, /. V. To arrive at 
the age of puberty. Musuine ga — . 

Iro-kichigai, n. Insanity accompanied 
with lasciviousness. 

Iroko, n. DandruflF, the scales of a fish. 

Iro-machi, n. The prostitute quarter of 
a town. 

Iromekashii,->^z,->^«, a. Having a lascivi- 
ous appearance, having lewd thoughts 
or feelings. 

lROMEKi,-y^«,-2Va. /. V. To have the ap- 
pearance of irresolution or giving 

Iro.mochi, 71. Cakes or bread mad« of rice 
colored with various colors. 

I-RON, n. A different opinion or argu- 
ment, a dispute. — wo iaterii. 

Iro-naoshi, 71. An entertainment some 
two or three days after a wedding. 

Irone, n. The tone, quality of sound. 

Irone, n. Elder brother or sister. 

Iro-onna, n. A mistress. 

Iro-otoko, 7t. A paramour, a lover. 

Irori, n. A hearth, or fire-place. 

Iro-tsuva, n. The gloss, lustre, bright- 
ness, complexion of anything. 

Irozato, n. The quarters in a town in 
which prostitutes live. 

I-RUi, 71. Clothing, wearing apparel. 

Iruka, n. The porpoise. 

Irukase. Careless, negligent, inattentive. 
— ni nam. 

Irumajiki,-/^«, a. Not needful, of no 

\sAGi\'Oi,-ki ^~ku,-shiy a. Pure, clean, 
undefiled. — kokoro, a pure heart. 

Isago, n. Sand. 

IsAi, n. The particulars, minutiae, min- 
ute detail. — wo iu., to tell the particu- 

IsAi-Ni, adv. Particularly, minutely, cir- 

ISAKAi,-«?<,-a/'^rt, i. V. To quarrel, dis- 
pute, wrangle, contend, 

ISAKAi, 7t. A quarrel, dispute, contention, 

IsAKUSA, n. Contention, row, brawl. — 
zvo iuy to quarrel. 

ISAMASHii,-A-/,-/^?/, a. Courageous, brave, 
valiant, gallant, bold, intrepid, brisk, 

IsAMASHiSA, «. The bravery, gallantry, 

IsAME,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To reprove, caution, 
remonstrate, or plead with, to expostu- 
late with. Kiiiii oya nado wo isatne- 

ls.\MK,-ru,-ta, t. V. To soothe, appease, 

tranquilize, comfort. 
IsAME, n. Remonstrance, reproof, cau- 

ISA i 

tion, warning, or advice to a superior. 

ISAMi,-mH,-ntia, t. v. To be bold, cour- 
ageous, intrepid, valiant, gallant, chiv- 

IsAMi, n. A bold, intrepid person. 
;a6 or Isaoshi, n. Merit ; great, emin- 
ent, or distinguished deeds. — no aru 
hito^ a distinguished man. 
;arai, n. The buttocks. 

^SARI, «. Fishing. — wo suru^X.o fi%\i. 
Isari-bi^ a torch used in fishing at night. 
Isari-biine, a. fishing-boat. 
SASAKA, a. Small, little, trifling. — my 
nat\ not the least, by no means. 

[sASAiME, adv. Slightly, little, temporary. 
;E,-r«,-/a. To sew and gather, as when 
sewing a long edge to a shorter. Iseru 
tokoro wa fiat, sewed even and smooth 
without a wrinkle. 

■SEI, a. Power, authority, might. — 
wo hatte ibaru^ to act arrogantly. 
-SHA, n. A physician, doctor. — ni 
kakaru.^ to employ a doctor. Yabu 
— , a quack doctor. Hayari — , a 
popular doctor. 
;hi, n. A physician. 
;hi, n. A stone, /ski-bat, lime made 
of limestone. Ishz-bas/ii, a stone 
bridge. Ishi-biya., a cannon. Ishi- 
botoke, a stone idol. Ishi-bumi., a 
stone tablet, or monument bearing an 
inscription. Ishi-dan, a stone plat- 
form, stone step. Ishi-datatni^ slabs 
of stone used for flooring ; also a kind 
of knot tied so as to have the appear- 
ance of four squares. Ishi-ddro, a 
stone lamp-post. Ishi-dzziki, the butt- 
end of a spear. Ishi-dzuknr2\ made or 
built of stone. Is/ii-dzufm\ stone-coal. 
Jshi-dzuri^ a lithograph, a print from 
stone. Ishi-dzuye^ a stone pedestal, a 
stone foundation. Ishi-g-aki^ stone 
wall. Iskt-guru7na, treading on a 
round stone. Ishi-ji, stony ground ; 
also, a kind of lacquer of a stone-color, 
and without lustre. Ishi-kiri., a stone- 
cutter. Ishi-ko^ stone chips. Ishiko- 
dzuvie, killing and burying under a 
pile of stones. Ishi-ku, a stone-mason. 
Is/ti-7Hochi\ a kind of fish, said to have 
a stone in its head. Iski-usti^ a stone 
mill, a stone mortar. Ishi-ya, a stone- 
cutter, stone-mason, a seller of stones. 
Iski-y2i}ni, a bow for throwing stones, 

ISHi-iSHi, n. A dumpling. 

IsHiKi, w. The buttocks. 

ISHiKi,-/^«, a. Good, well. Nanji ishi- 
ku mairitari^ you have done well in 

l-SHiRAMASARE,-r«,-/a, (jpass.) To be 
overwhelmed with a discharge of ar- 

-SHiRAMASHi,-jz<,-^«, /. V. To over- 
whelm with a discharge of arrows. 

[SHi-TATAKi, n. A kind of bird, the wag- 
-SHO, n. Medical books. 

l-SHo, n. Clothes, wearing apparel. 

[-SHOKU, n. Clothes and food. 

[-SHU, «. Hatred, malice, enmity ; 
meaning, mind, intention, object. — 
gaycshi wo surn, to take vengeance, 
so, n. Sea-shore, sea-coast, 
-so, n. A strange, or uncommon physi- 

-so. Appears to be, looks as if there is. 
Asuko ye — de gozarimasu., I think it 
is yonder. 

[so-BATA, «. The sea-coast. 
>o-BE, n. On- the sea-shore, near the 

[soGASHii,-/^/,-/?r«, a. Busy, actively 
engaged, doing with haste, hurry, 
bustling, urgent. Ki no — hito^ a 
person always in a hurry, a driving 

[SOGASHISA, n. The hurry, press of 
business, bustle. 

IsoGi, -g-u,-/dii^ z. V. To hasten, to hurry, 
to be urgent, pressing. Isoide kuru^ 
come in haste. Isolde suru, to do in 

[so-iso, adv. In a quick, hurried man- 
ler: blithesome, gay. 

IsoRo, w. A hanger-on, a dependant on 
another for support. 

[ssAi, adv. All, whole. — shu-j'o^ all 
living things. 
;SAKU-JITSU, adv. Day before yesterday. 

EsSAKU-NEN, adv. Year before last. 

[SSAN, adv. With the utmost speed, 
with a bound. 

IsSETSU, adv. Positively, certainly, 
solutely, peremptorily. — zonjima- 
_- i, positively don't know. 

IsSHiN, adv. Whole heart, one mind. 
— /uran ni kagiyd ivo hagemu^ to be 
entirely taken up with one's business. 

IsSHiN, adv. Alone, one person. 

IssHiN, adv. Entirely new, applied to 
the reorganization of the government 
under the Mikado. 

IssHO-KEMMEi, adv. Risking one's life, 
in desperation, disregarding one's life. — 
ni tatakau. 

[ssHO-Ni, adv. Together, along with, 
in concert, in company with. — yuku,, 
to go together. 

[ssHo. The whole life. — no aida^ 
during one's life. 


Isso, adv. Better, rather. 

IssuMBoSHi, n. A pigmy, dwarf. 

Isu, n. A kind of hard black wood, of 
which combs are made, also called 
i 'usu. 

Isu, n. A chair. 

IsuKA, n. The cross-bill. 

IsuKi,-r«,-^^«, t. V. To take by menace 
or deception, to extort. 

I-SuwARi,-r2<,-/'/a, i, V. To run aground, 
to ground. 

Ita, n. A board. Tetsu no ita, sheet 
iron. — kabe., a board wall or petition. 
Ita-bame^ weather-board, clapboard. 
Jta-bashi., a bridge of a single plank. 
Ita-bei^ a board fence. Ha-bisashi^ a 
board roof over a door or window. Ita- 
buki., a board or shingle roof Ita-da- 
tamt., a board mat, a board floor. Ita- 
do., a door made of boards. Ita-gakoi^ 
a fence, board enclosure. Ita-gaini^ 
paste-board. Ita-gane., sheet-metal. 
Jta-jiki^ board floor. Ita-me., the 
curved grain, or veins of wood. 

Itaburi,-?'«,-/^«, t. V. To extort or take 
illegally bj'^ menace or deception. 

Itachi, n. A weasel. 

lTADAKi,-/^«,-iVa, t. V. To put on the 
head ; to receive respectfully. 

Itadaki, n. The top of the head ; top, 

Itade, «. A wound. 

1tadzuga\vashii,-/&z,-/^«, a. Trouble- 
some, laborious, hard, afflictive. 

Itadzuki, n. Sickness, afihction. 

Itadzura, a. Idle, vam, useless, un- 
profitable, mischievous ; indecent, im- 
modest, lewd. — wo sum. to do mis- 

Itadzura-ni, adv. Uselessly, vainly, 
idly, unprofitably. 

lTAGARi,-r?^,-//a, /. V. To suffer pain, 
to be in pain. 

Itago, ft. The deck of a ship. 

I-TAi, 71. Strange or unnatural in form, 

Itai,-/&z,-jAz, a. Painful, sore ; very, ex- 
cessive, exceeding. 

Itaiice, a. Young, pretty, darling, 

lrA-iTAsmi,-ki,-kii,-u,-sa. Painful, dis- 
tressing, sad pitiful. 

Itaku, adv. Painful, severe. _ — wa/, it 
is not painful. Itanakatta^diA not hurt. 

I-taku, n. A dwelling-house. 

lTAMASHii,-ytv',-/^?<,-z<,-.ya. Distressing, 
sad, painful, mournful. 

lTAMASHIME,-r«,-/«, t. V. To afilict, 
cause pain, or trouble. 

lTAME,-r?/_,-^a, /. V. To pain, afflict ; 
hurt ; injure, damage, spoil. 


ITO . 

TA-MEG.AMi, n. Paste-board. 

~AT\u,-mu,-nda, i. v. To pain, hurt ; 

to injure, damage, hurt, spoil ; to grieve 

TAMi, «. Pain, hurt, injury ; grief, sad- 
T.\ui-\Ki.,-ru,-tta, 2. V. To feel pained 

with a sense of obligation, to feel pro- 
found respect. 

■TAOSHi,-j«,-^«, t. V. To shoot down, 

kill with an arrow. 
TARAGAI, n. A kind of shell-fish. 
.TARi,-ru,-i(a, z. v. To arrive at, to 

reach, to attain, extend to, to result in, 

lead to, to be versed in ; to attain to 

the utmost, highest or fullest degree. 
:tari, n. Tke utmost degree or extent. 
^TASA, n. The pain. 
.TASHi,-st(,-(a, i. V. To do. Itashi ka- 

ta ga nai, there is no help for it. 
.-TATE,-r7<,-2'a, t. 71. To shoot often and 

rapid succession. 
TATSUKi, 7t. Sickness, disease. — ga 

tii iru, to be sick. 
TATTE, adv. Superlatively, very, ex- 
ceedingly. — yoroshii^ exceedingly 

TA\VARi,-r?<,-^/«, t. V. To pity, to care 

for, to love. 
[TAVVASHii,-/tz,-/^z/, a. Tender concern, 

careful love, pitiful, compassionating. 
TA-YA, n. A house with a shingle roof; 

T-CHI, adv. Together, at the same 

time, with one accord, one heart. 
[t-chi, adv. Superlatively. — yoi., the 

best. — wdrut, the worst. 
TE,-r«,-z'a. z. V. Frozen, hardened, 


•TE, n. An archer, bowman. 
•TEI, {koto nam katachi^ «. Strange in 

form, or appearance, 
ro, n. Thread, a string, twine, raw 

silk. Kimi-ito., silk thread. Mo7nen- 

ito^ cotton thread. Asa-ito^ linen 

thread. Ki-ito, raw silk, 
ro, adv. Superlatively, exceedingly, 

very. — sezvas/iii\ very busy. 
TODO, adv. More, more and more, 

still more. 
!todoshii,-.^z,-/1-k, a. Very, exceeding ; 

sad, painful. 
-TOGE,-r?/,-^^. t. V. To complete the 

whole of one's time of service, serve 

out one's time. 
TO-GUCHi, 71. The end of a thread. 
To-GURU.MA, 71. A spinning-wheel. 
.TOi^-d,-dta, t. V. To be tired of, weary 

of, to dislike ; to mind, regard, or care 

for. Inochi wo ushitid wo itozvadzUy 

did not mind losing his life. 


Itokenai,-/^z,-,^?<, a. Youthful, young, 

Itoko, 11. A cousin. Itoko-awase^ mar- 
riage between cousins. Itoko-doshi^ 
cousins to each other. 

Itokoni, n. A kind of food made of red 

I-TOKU, n. Majesty, dignity, power, 

Ito-kuri, n. A reel., n. Leisure, freedom from oc 
pation or business ; time ; liberty from 
service. O — inoshimasti (said in 
leaving the presence of anyone), I will 
take my leave. — ivo nego^ to ask for 
dismissal from service. — wo dasu^ to 
dismiss from service. Ito7fia-goi^ beg- 
ging that one may be allowed to take 
his leave ; taking leave. — ivo sui 
to take leave. 

Ito-maki, n. A spool for winding thread 

Ito-me, «, The strings of a kite., adz'. Very, exceedingly. 

Ito^ami, -mu,-fida, t. v. To do, make, 
build, perform. 

Itonami, n. Business, occupation. 

I-T6sHi,-j//',-i'a, t. V. To shoot an arrow 
through anything. 

It6shii,--^z,-/Im, a. Very dear, darling 
beloved ; exciting pity or compassior 
Hi to 710 nangi ivo itoshiku oino, to pity 
the afflictions of men. 

Itoshi-go, n. A beloved child. 

It6shimi,-w«,-«^«, /. V. To pitjj^, com- 

Ito-suji, «. A thread, the line of 

Ito-take, n. Stringed and wind instru- 
ments of music. 

ItoyO, «. The undulatory appearance of 
the atmosphere in a hot day. 

Ito-zakura, 71. A kind of cherry tree 
with long hanging branches. 

Itozoko, 7t. The raised edge on the bot- 
tom of a cup. 

Itsu, cont. of Itsutsu., five. Itsu tose, 
five years. 

Itsu, ad?). What time, when ; usual, 
ordinary, common. Itsu yori mo 
okureru., later than usual. — goro^ 
when. — y/<5««, when. — ^^rtra, since 
when, how long. Itsu vtade., to what 
time, how long. 

Itsu-demo, adv. Always, continually, 
constantly ; anj' time whatever. — yo- 
roshii^ any time will do. 

Itsu-ka, adv. Some time not known ; 
as, hito iva itsuka ichido iva shiritiru 
7710710 da., everybody will die some time 
or other. 1 


tsu-ka. The fifth day of the month ; 
also, five days. 

■T%VK.\^-ku^-ita^ t. V. To be stuck fast, 
fixed, settled in a place ; to be quiet, 

TSUKUSHii,-/^?',>^M, a. Austere, grave, 
dignified, strict. 

!TSUKrsHiMi,-w«,-«(frt, t. V. To love, 
to regard with tenderness, pity, com- 
passion or kindness. 

TSUKUSHiMi, 7t. Love, pity, compassion, 

Tsu-MO, adv. Usual, common, custom- 
ary ; always, constantly. — «<? tori, in 
the usual way. — kawaradzu., never 

Tsu-TO-NAKU, Or, Itsu-to-n6, adv. 
Gradually, imperceptibly. — yoku 

Itsu-totemo, adv. Always ; or never, 
ith a negative verb. — kawara-7tai., 
ill never change. 

TsuTSU. Five. 

.TS,v\\\Ri,-ru ,-tta, i. v. To deceive, lie, 
mislead, cheat, beguile, delude, dis- 

^TSUWARI, «. A lie, deception. — wo 
in, to tell a lie. 

!tsuzova, adv. Some time before. 

^TTAi, 71. One person, one individual 
{adv.) usually, commonly. — «/ shite 
saTi-tai 7iari. 
~rAN, adv. Once, one time. 

TTO, 71. The whole. Seke7i — . 
;, 71. Way, manner. Aa-iu, in that 
way. Ko-iu in this way. JDo-iii., in 
what manner. So iu, in that way. 

u. To speak. See //. 

u-HiTsu, 71. A secretary, amanuensis. 

u-ME, 71. That which one says or speaks. 
— ga deru., to get whatever one asks 

u-v6. Way of speaking ; that which he 
said. Atio kite 7io — ni wa kayo de 


WA, n. A rock, a reef. 

WA, «. The weight used for sinking a 
seine or net. 

WADZu, 7z. A dumb person. 

v.Ai,-ati,-atta, t. v. To congratulate, to 
celebrate ; felicitate, compliment ; to 

worship. Gan-jitsti ivo — . 

WAi, 71. Congratulation, felicitation, 

celebration ; a feast, festive occasion. 
Ga7i-jitsu 710 — . Iwai-bi.1 a holi- 

WA-i, «. A well dug in a rock. 

WAKU. Same as /«, to say. Kdshi no 

— , Confucius said. 
Ivv.\x, fut. of /z', iu. Ureskisa — kata 
7710 7iashi. 



[WANU, neg. of //, iu. Not say. — lua 
adv. Much more, how much 


WAO, n. Rocks, a cliff, reef. 
WA-OKOSHI, n. A kind of hard cake 

made of rice. 
-WARE, n. Reason, cause, history, ex- 

\VARE,-r«<,-/a, pass, or pot. of //, z'«, 
itta. To be said or can say, to be 
spoken of, to be called. 

\VASE,ri(,-^a, caust. of /z. To make or 
let another tell, to cause to speak. 

WASH!, n. The sardine. 

WA-TAKE, n. A kind of mushroom that 
grows on rocks, 

WATA-OBi, n. The bandage worn by 
pregnant woman. 

VAYURU. The above-mentioned, afore- 
said, the said, the so-called. 

wo, fut. of /z. Would say, thought of 

wo, n. A fish. — no wata^ fish-guts. 

wo, n. Sulphur, brimstone ; also pro- 
nounced yuivo. 

wo-NO-ME, n, A fish's eye, a corn on 
the foot. 

wo-TSURi, n. An angler, fisherman, 
Exclam. of regret or surprise. 
Salutation. — wo nasu., to salute. 

\'A, adv. Moreover, still more, more 
and more. 

VA, adv. No, don't want, will not ; 
disagreeable, offensive, odious. — to 
yo, it is not so. — na koto wo iu. 

YACHiKO, adv. Discriminating, mani- 
fest. Kami no riyaku — . 

YAGARi,-r«,-^a, i. V. To dislike, have 
an aversion or repugnance to, to be un- 

!yaga-uye, adv. One on top of another. 
Jimba — ni kasanari. 

yagi, n. A feeling of dislike, aversion, 
repugnance, disrelish. 

i'A-iTOKO, 71. A second cousin. 

k'AKU, 71. Medicine. 

-yaku {yaku wo somuku), n. Breach 
of contract or promise. 

YA-MASARi,-^^,-//^, i. V. To become 
more and more, greater and greater. 

YAMASHi,-j;^,-j'a, i. V. To increase, be- 
come more and more, or greater and 
greater. Sat7iusa hibi 7ii — , 

YARASHii, -ki,-ku, n. Disagreeable, un- 

YASA, n. Dislike, impleasantness, dis- 
Iyashii,-^/,-/^7<, a. Low in rank, base, 
vulgar, ignoble, vile, mean, I 

YASHl,-.r«,-^a, t. V. To cure, heal. 

YASHiKUMO, conj. If, Supposing that, 

YASHiME,-r?/,-^a, t. 71. To despise, con- 
temn, to look down on. 

YE, 71. A house, a family. — tio ko., a 

\^.,-ru,-ta., i. V. To be healed, cured. 

YE-.-VKE, «. Vacating a house. — wo 

YE-BATO, n. A house pigeon. 

YE-DE, 71. Running away from home. 

YEDOMO, adv. Although, yet, but. 

YE-DZUTO, 71. Presents to one's house- 
hold on returning from a journey. 

YE-GAMAYE, 71. The plan or structure 
of a house. 

YE-GARA, 71. The kind of family, fam- 
ily line or rank. 

YE-KANE,-r«,-^iz, /. V. Hard to heal, 
difficult to cure. 

-YEKi, «. The gastric juice. 

YE-NAMi, 71. Style of house, row of 
houses, house by house. 

YE-NUSHi, n. Owner of a house, land- 

YE-suji, n. Family line, pedigree. 
i-YETSU {yorokobi). Joy, rejoicing. — 
suru, to rejoice. 

YE-TSUDZUKi, «. A continuous line of 

YE-TSUGi, n. An heir, 

y6. Fut. or dub. of zV«, to be. 077iaye 
ga shitte iyo., I expect you know. 

-y6, 71. Manner of sitting. 

YODACHi,-^j«,-/a, i. V. To stand on 

YO-iYO, adv. Still more, more and 
more, gradually. 

ZA. Exclam. of inciting, encouraging 
or daring. — yuki7}tashdy come, let's 

ZA, iTtter. No, it is not so, or you don't 
know. — to yo. 

-ZAISOKU. — sur%i^ to wait and dun for 
the payment of money. 

ZA-KOZA, adv. Saying this and that, 

asserting and contradicting. 

z\ti.\\^-au-atta^ t. v. To invite to go 

with ; to allure, entice, seduce. 
ZANAWARE,-r;/,-/«, i. V. To be invited 

to accompany another ; to be allured, 

seduced, enticed. 
ZARi, 7t. A cripple. 
ZKTa.-ru.-tta^ i. v. To shove, shuffle, 

push one's self along. 
ZEN'. Before, previous, former. — no 

tori., the previous manner. Kono — , 

before this. — yori., from former times. 

-zox, n. Different opinion, views, or 




Ja, «. A large snake ; the figure of a 

circle within a circle. 
Ja (yokoshima). Evil, bad, wicked, de- 
praved, vile, corrupt, erroneous. Ja- 
do, evil way, corrupt doctrines. Jaho^ 
wicked religious rites. Ja-chi^ sub- 
tlety, cunning. Ja-in, adultery. Ja- 
ken^ cruel, hard-hearted. Ja-kiyoku^ 
wicked and depraved. Ja-shin^ a de- 
praved mind. Ja-sho^ vicious and vir- 
tuous, ya-shily a wicked sect. Ja-sui^ 
wicked feelings. 

Ja. a coll. particle (a cent, of de aru) 
= de wa, Soja nai — , it is not so. 

Jagatara, n. Batavia. — imo^ the 
common potato. 

Ja-j.\-uma, 71. A vicious horse. 

J.\-KAGO, «. A long basket filled with 
stones, and used for damming up water. 

Jakan-seki, «. Bismuth. 

Jaki, 7/. An influenza, pestilential vapor. 

Ja-ko, k. Musk. 

Jaku, — suru, to be carried away with, 
charmed, fascinated, captivated. 

Jaku, «. A small fraction less than the 
precise quantity or measure. Roku rin 
— , a fraction less than six riti. 

Jaku-h.\i, {wakaki tomogara). The 
young, those who are immature in 
knowledge or experience. — na mono. 

Jaku.m-etsu, «. The still end, death. — 
1V0 tanoshimi to suru. 

Jaku-nen (wakaki toshi). Young, 
youthful, time of youth. — no toki ni. 

Jaklro, n. Pomegranate. 

Jama, «. Obstruction, hindrance, im- 
pediment. — luo suru, to obstruct, 
hinder, impede. 

Ja-nen, n. {yokoshima gokoro). Evil 

Janko, 71. Pock marks. 

Jara-jara, adv. Sporting, wanton, lewd, 
jesting or badinage. — ii-nasaru na. 

jARASHi,-j,v.-z'rt. Caust. oijareru. To 
make to play, romp or sport. Neko wo — . 

Jara-tsuki,-/^«,-zV<i:, i. V. To be play- 
ful, sporting, romping, frolicsome. 

'^.KS.^-ru-ta, i. V. To play, frolic, sport, 

Jari, 71. Gravel, small pebbles. 

Jatta, neg. pret. coll. suff. of Nagasaki 
dialect, = tianda ; ?iS>.Yo77iinasenjatta., 
= Vo7ni)7tasenanda, have not read. 

Ji, «. A Chinese character, a word, let- 

Ji, {ie7-a) 7t. A Buddhist temple. Ji-gd, 

the name of a temple. 
Ji, 71. A road, way, journey. Mtkkaji, 

a journey of three days. 
Ji, 71. A general term for diseases of the 

Ji, {tsuchi) «. The ground, earth ; place, 

region ; texture, material ; the ground 

color on which figures are painted ; 

natural habit, custom. 
Ji, {kotowari), — stiru., to decline, re- 
fuse, to excuse one's self from. 
Ji, {osa77ze) — suru., to cure, heal ; to 

rule, govern. Ya77iai wo — . 
Ji, {toki), n. Time, hour, season. 6"/;/- 

ji, the four seasons. Jku-ji, what 

o'clock ? 
Ji, (koto), n. An affair, matter, act, 

transaction, only used in composition ; 

as Bu-ji, Dai-ji, 
Ji, 71. The bridge over which the strings 

of a harp pass. 
Ji-Ai, {77iidzukara aisuru). Self love, 

care for one's own person, happiness or 

health. — suru. 
Ja-ai, ft. Texture, material. Tatn-tno- 

Ji-B.\N, (coll. for JubaTi), n. A shirt. 

JiBiKi, «. A dictionary, lexicon. 

Ji-BiN, u. Dressing one's own hair. — 
wo suru. 

Ji-Biv6, 71. A disease with which one is 
often sick, a constitutional complaint. 

Ji-BO, n. The five vowel sounds. 

Ji-Bo-jiMETSU. Self-destruction, self ruin. 

Ji-Boso. Fine in texture. — 710 77i077ie7t. 

Ji-BUN, 71. Self, one's self. — de kaita, 
wrote it myself. . 

Ji-BUN, 71. 1 he time ; proper time, op- 
portunity. — ga kita, the time has 

JiBUN-GARA. According to the season, 
that which is suited to the season. — 
ka7iki tsuyoku, the cold is severe for 
the season. 

Ji-BUTO, a. Coarse in texture. — no 


Ji-BCTSU, n. ■ The idol which one espe- 
cially worships. 

Ji-DAi, n. Age, period of time. — mO' 
no, an antique tning. 




Ji-DAi, n. Ground rent. — tvo harau. 

JiDANDA, «. Stamping with the feet, 
as in anger. — wo Junde ikarii^ to 
stamp the feet in rage. 

JiDARAKU, a. Slovenly, careless in man- 
ner. — na hi to, a sloven. 

Ji-Do, «. A child under 15 years, a 
. JiDORi, n. Wrestling in sport, or in 
training. — ivosuru. 

Ji-FU, n. Vain-glory, self-praise, boast- 
ful. — sum, to boast. 

Ji-FUKU, n. Clothes suitable to the 

JiGABACHi, n. A kind of bee. 

Ji-GAi, {jnidzukara sokonau). Suicide by 
cutting the throat. — suru^ to com- 
mit suicide. 

Ji-GANE, n. The baser or ground metal 
upon which the gilt or plating is spread ; 
one's true character, real sentiments. 

Ji-G.AJiii, «. Fan-paper. 

JiGi, n. A bow ; declining, excusing 
one's self. O jigi wo sum, to bow, 
salute by bowing. 

JiGi, n. Times, season ; case, circum- 
stances. — ?zi s/iitagau. 

Ji-Givo, n. The ground plot on which a 
house is built. 

Ji-GO, adv. After this, henceforth, here- 

Ji-GO. One's works or deeds. Ji-go j'l- 
toku, to receive according to one's 

Ji-GOKU, n. Hell, place of punishment 
of the Buddhist. — niochiru, to go to 

Ji-GOVE, n. One's natural tone of voice. 

Ji-GUCHI, n. A pun, playing on words. 

— wo iu. 

Ji-GUWA, (ynidzukara yegakti). Drawn, 
or sketched by one's self. — no yedzu. 

JiHi, n. Pity, compassion, mercy ; bene- 
volence, kindness. — wo tare-tamaye, 
have pity. 

Jii, «. Grand-father. O Jii san. 

Ji-JAKU, adv. Calm, self-possessed, com- 
posed. — to shite one. 

Ji-ji, {toki-doki), adv. Every hour, 
hourly, often, frequently. 

Ji-ji, (koto goto), adv. Every affair, 
every matter or business. 

Ji-ji, n. An old man. 

JijiMUSAi,-/&/,->^«, a. Dirty, filthy. 

Ji-jiTSU, n. The truth of the matter, the 
facts. — wo tadasu. 

Ji-jiTSU, {toki hi), n. An hour, or day. 

— wo utstisadzu, without waiting a 

Ji-jo. Declining or excusing one's self 
through politeness or modesty. — se- 

dzu shite kotayuru ret ni aarzaru 
JiKA-Ni, adv. Immediately, directly, 
personally, without the intervention of 
a second person or thing. Hito tii — 

JiKi, adv. Immediately, instantly, quick- 
ly, directly ; immediate, close, next, 
without anything or person interven- 
ing. — hashi no soda, next to the 
bridge, /ma — ni yuku, go at once. 

JiKi, 71. A meal, food. — 7ii komaru, 
in want of food. Chiic — , dinner. 
Hi ni ni — sunt, to eat twice a day. 

JiKi, same as shiki ; a numeral used in 
counting mats ; as Tatami ni mai — 
no heya, a room of the size of two mats. 

JiKi-CHo, n. The rectum. 

JiKi-DAN, n. Direct or personal conver- 
sation. — suru. 

JiKi-DEN. Received directly from an- 

JiKi-HiTSU, n. Tht very hand-writing. 
Mukashi no hito no — . 

JiKi-Ro, n. A box for carrying food in, a 
lunch box. 

JiKiSHO-BAKO, n. A writing desk. 

JiKi-so, n. A complaint made to an of- 
ficial in person, without the interven- 
tion of another. — sum. 

JiKKAN, «. The ten calendar signs or 
characters used in designating hours, 
days, months, years, and points of com- 

JiKKEi, n. A real picture or sketch. 

JiKKEi, n. Device, expedient, plan. — 
ni tsukiru, to exhaust every device. 

JiKKEN, n. Verifying or certifying by 
inspection, inquest ; personal know- 
ledge or experience of anything. Kubi 

^i-KO, pro. I myself. 

Ji-Ko, «. The weather, or temperature 

of the season, climate. Natsu no — 

iva atsiii. 
Ji-KOKU, n. The hour and moment, time. 

— ga titsuru, time passes. Nerii — ga 

kita, the time for going to bed has 

Ji-KOKU, n. One's own country, native 

Ji-KON, {iina-kard), adv. Henceforth, 

after this, hereafter. — go, id. 
JiKU, n. A private school, same zsjuku. 
JiKU, n. The stick, stem, stalk. Fude 

JiKU-jiKU, adv. Wet, moist, damp. — 

shite inc. 
JiKURi, or JiKKURi, adv. Maturely, 

fully, thoroughly, wholly, perfectly. — 





Ji-KUWAN, n. A vice or assistant officer. 

Jl-MAN, n. Vain-glory, vanity, pride ; 
vaunting, boasting ; self-praise, self- 
conceit. — surie, to boast or vaunt 
one's self. 

Ji.MAN-KUS.A.!, a. Given to vaunting or 
boasting, so as to be odious to others. 

Ji-MATSURi, ft. A celebration on build- 
ing a house, in order to propitiate the 
gods of the soil. 

J1-.MAW.A.RI, n. Neighbourhood, region, 
surrounding country. 

Ji-MAYE, ?i. One's own, belonging to 
one's self. — no 7nise, one's own shop. 

— de kasegii., to work for one's self. — 
no onna, a woman whose earnings are 
her own. 

JiM-B.\, n. Camping ground. 

J1M-B.A.0RI, n. A kind of coat without 
sleeves, worn oyer armor. 

JiMBASo, «. A kind of sea-weed. 

JiMBEN, n. A sign or wonder wrought 
by divine power, a prodigj', a strange 
event, wonderful phenomenon. 

JiM-Bo, n. (hito no fiozovii) The de- 
sires or esteem of men, popularity. — 
no naki hito, an unpopular man. 

Ji.MBURE, «. An order or notice issued 
to an army. 

JiMBUTSU, «. Kind of quality of man. — 
ni 7ii-aivanu koto zvosurii, to do some- 
thing improper for a man to do. 

Ji-MEN, n. Surface of the ground, lot of 
ground, land, farm, plantation. 

Ji-METSU, n. Self-ruin, self-destruction. 

— sum, to destroy one's self. 

JiMi. Plain, not ornamented, not gay, 
simple, unaffected, frank. 

Ji-MiCHi, n. An easy gait, easy, gentle, 
or moderate manner. — ni aruku. 

JiMi-jiMi, adv. Moist, damp, wet. — 
ase ga deru, wet with sweat. 

JiM-Mi-RAi-SAi. Illimitable duration. 

Ji-MOKU, {mimi, tne,) n. Ears and 
■ Ji-MON. Stating a question to one's self 
for solution. — jito suru, to state a 
question and answer it. 

Jim-pin, (Jtitogara^ 71. The kind, quality 
or style of man. — no yoi hito, a fine 
man in looks. 

Ji-MU, n. Official superintendence, juris- 
diction. — kiyoku, a place for trans- 
acting government business, an office, 
bureau. — ktcwati, go\ernment office. 

— saisho, the prime minister. — soto- 

JiN, {hito^ n. A man, person, human. 

— shin, the human heart. — tai, hu- 
man form. 

JiN, «. Love, benevolence, humanity, 

I philanthropy. — tua baninin wo aisti- 

' JiN, (chiri, hokori,) n. Dust, dirt ; 7net. 
the business and cares of the world. 
I Shutsii jin, to leave the world and en- 
ter on a religious life. 

Jin, «. An army, troops arranged in 
ranks. Senjin, the van of an army. 
Gojin, the rear. Niji7i, the second 
division of an army. 

JiN, 71. The kidneys. — no zo, id. 
I Ji-NARI, 71. The noise, or rumbling of 
i the ground in an earthquake. 

Ji-NARi, 71. The shape or configuration 
of ground. 

JiN'-CHOKE, 71. The Daphne Odora. 

Jl-NEN, adv. Spontaneously, of itself. 
— to dekirii, produced spontaneous- 

Ji-NEN-BAYE. Growing of itself, wild, 
or without cultivation ; spontaneous 

Ji-NEN-GO, n. The fruit of the bam- 

Ji-NEN-jo, 71. A kind of long root 
growing wild, much prized for eat- 

JiN-GASA, «. A kind of bamboo hat worn 
by soldiers. 

JiN-GO, 71. End, time when done, 
finished, or exhausted. 

JiNGOVA, 71. The tents, barracks, or 
huts of a camp. 

JiN-ji, {ka77ii 710 koto,) n. A Sintoo fes- 
tival, or worship of the kat7ti. 

JiN-ji, 71. Love and pity, benevolence, 

JiN-jo, «. Humanity and sympathy, 
benevolence and consideration for 
others, not doing to others what j'ou 
would not 'nave them do to you. 

JiN-jo, {yo 710 tsu7ie.) Common, usual 
or middling kind or waj' ; fair, equit- 
able, proper ; neat, becoming ; ami- 

JiN-Ki, {hito no ki,) n. The mind, 
heart, or temper of people generally, 
the public mind. — ga tatsu. 

JiN-KiYO. Impotent, or worn out by 
excessive vencry. — shite shi7ida. 

JiNKo, 71. Aloes-wood. 

JiN-Ko, {Jiito no kuchi^ «. The popula- 
tion, census. 

JiN-ON, n. Benevolence and favor, grace, 

JiN-RiKi-SHA, n. A small, two-wheeled 
cart drawn by a man. 

JiN'-RiM, 7t. The five human relations, 
viz. : parent and child, master and ser- 
: vant, husband and wife, elder and 
I younger brothers, and friends. 


JiNKOKU, n. A stupid fellow, a dunce. 

JiN-SEi, n. A humane government. 

Jin-sen, n. A fan with iron stays, for- 
merly used by an officer in war. 

JiN-SHA, n. A humane or benevolent 
man ; a philanthropist. 

Ji-SHOKU, «. Declining, or resignation 
of an office or duty. — wo ko, to send 
in one's resignation. 

JiN-soKU. Quick, fast, in haste. 

Jix-sui, «. The semen. 

jiN-TAi, (/li'U no karadci). Human body, 
a man's body, character, or condition. 

JiN-TSUKE, n. Jealousy. 

Ji-NusHi, n. A landlord, the owner or 
proprietor of land. 

JiN-YA, n. An encampment, military 

JiN-VAKU, n. Medicines used to strength- 
the virile power, — Aphrodisiac. 

Jippu, n. True or untrue, true or not. 

Jippu, n. Real father. 

Jl-RAI, adv. Henceforth, after this. 

Ji-RAi-KUWA, n. A mine of powder. — 
•wo shi-kakeru^ to lay a mine. 

JiRASHi,-jM,-/a, t. V. To chafe, to pro- 
voke, vex, irritate, tease, annoy. Hito 
1V0 jirashi nasaruna. 

JiRE,-r«,-/«, i. V. To be fretful, irrit- 
able, impatient, vexed, annoyed. 

JiRE, n. Bad humor, irritation, cross- 

JiRETTAi,-/ti",-^M, a. Provoking, vexa- 
tious, causing bad humor or impa- 

JiRi-jiRi-TO, adv. The sound of water 
beginning to boil, or of anything heavy 
scraping over a floor ; cross, fretful. 

JiRi-jiRi, adv. By degrees, gradually, 
little by little. Ki no me — to okiku 
natte ha ni naru. 

Ji-RiKi, {midzukara no chikara). One's 
own strength, or natural power. 

Ji-RiTsu. Of one's self, without the help 
or permission of others, independent. 
— shite koto wo suru. 

Ji-Rivo, n. The treatment or cure of 

Ji-Ro, n. Fistula in Ano. 

JiRO-jiRO-TO, adv.' In a fixed, staring 
manner. — fniru. 

JiRORiTO, adv. Staringly. 

Ji-SAKAI, «. Boundary lines of land, or 

Ji-SAKU, (ynidzukara tsukuru). Made 
by one's self. — no uta. 

Ji-SAN, {inidzttkara homerti). Self- 
praise, poetry or a song written in one's 
own praise. 

Ji-SAN, (tnochi maini). To carry, take 
away, or bring. — itashiinasho. 



Ji-SAN-KIN, n. A bridal present of 
money, dower, dowiy, 

Ji-SATSU, {jibun ni shinurii'.,) n. Sui- 
cide, killing one's self. 

Ji-SEi, (toki no ikioi,) n. The exigen- 
cies of the times, the spirit of the 
times, spirit of the age. 

Ji-SETSU, n. The time, season, times. 
— ^« w^r?^/, the times are bad. Hana 
no hiraku — ni natta. — tdrai., the 
time has come. 

Ji-SHA, (tera^ yashiro). Buddhist and 
Sintoo temples. — bugiyo, the super- 
intendent of Buddhist and Sintoo tem- 

Ji-SHA, n. An attendant, servant, minis- 

Ji-SHAKU, n. A load-stone, magnet, a 
mariner's compass. 

JissHi-issHo. Ten chances for dying and 
one for living, at great risk of life, dan- 
gerous, hazardous. — no tatakai wo 


irthquake. — ga yo- 

Ji-SHiN, pro. One's self, self. — de ko- 
shirayeru., make it myself. 

Ji-SHIN-BAN, n. A watch supported by 
the citizens of the ward. 

Ji-SHO, n. A piece or plot of ground, a 
place, locality, location. 

Ji-SHo, n. Quality of the land, nature of 
the soil. — ga yoi. 

JissHi, n. True or real child, own 

Ji.ssHo. Sound in mind, of right mind ; 
true, honest, in good faith. Shinu- 
toki — de atta, was sound in mind at 
the hour of death. 

Ji-so, n. Complaining to the govern- 
ment one's self without the interven- 
tion of another. — suru. 

Ji-TA. Self and others. Hataraki koto~ 
ba ni — no shabetsti ga aru., verbs are 
divided into transitive and intransitive, 
or objective and subjective. 

Ji-TAi. Declining, refusing, excusing 
one's self. — suru. 

JiTA-jiTA-TO, adv. Trickling, dribbling, 
Midzti ga iiua kara — ochiru. 

Ji-TEN, n. A standard dictionary, or 

Ji-TOKU, {midzukara yeru). Get or 
obtain by one's self without the help 
of others. Sei-jin wa umare nagara 
— shite oru. 

JiTSU, n. The sun, day. 

JiTSU, itnakoto). Actual, true, real, not 
false; the multiplicand or dividend in 
arithmetic ; the stone or kernel of 
fwiit. — ga aru, sincere. — ga nai. 




false, insincere. — 7Hiyd, real name. 
yHsu ni\ really, truly, indeed. Jitsu 
bo^ real or true mother. — //, a fact, 
real event. — jo^ real feelings, sin- 

Ji-TSUBO, n. The number of tsubo in a 
plot of ground. — wa ikura. 

Ji-TSL;Ki,-/^//,-?Va, i. V. To be a per- 
manent resident, or fixed to a j^lace by 
owning house or land. 

Ji-TSi'Ki, «. Pounding the ground to 
render it compact before building. — 
Tt'tf suru. 

JiTSU-MEi, «. Sincerity, uprightness, 
honesty. — no hito. 

JiTSURASHii,-,^/,-^«. a. Having the sem- 
blance or appearance of truth. — ka- 

JiTTEi, n. A metal mace carried by 

JiTTEi. Honest, upright, sincere. — na 

JiTTO, adv. Fixedly, firmly, steadily, 
without motion. — shite ire, hold 

Ji-Y.\KU, n. Medicine which one is in 
the constant habit of taking. — 7ti 
suru^ to prescribe for one's self. 

Ji-vo. Beside one's self, other, not one's 
own. — no koto, another thing. — no 
hito-bito, other people. 

Jivu. freely, at one's own pleasure, 
without constraint, voluntarily, con- 
venient. — ni suru, to do as one 

Ji-ZAi. Freely, easily, at one's own 
pleasure, without obstruction. 

JizAi-KAGi, n. A hook, used for hang- 
ing pots over a fire, which can be 
raised or lowered to suit the occa- 

Ji-ZAi-SHA, 7t. A velocipede, also called 
Hitori gurutna. 

Ji-zoRi, n. Shaving one's self. — mo 

Jo, n. The preface of a book. 

}o,{onna),n. A woman. Akuj'o, an 
ugly woman. Bi-jo, a beautiful woman. 
— chiti, women. 

Jo, {kokoro).^_ n. Emotion, passion, feel- 
ing ; obstinacy. Shichijo, the seven 
passions ; viz.. joy, anger, sorrow, pleas- 
ure, love, hatred, desire. — ^vo haru, 
to be stubborn, obstinate. Gdjd,o\i~ 
stinate or hardhearted. — ga nai, no 
feeling of kindness or pity, 

Jo, {s/iiro,) n. A castle. — shu, the 
lord of a castle. — chiu, inside of a 
casile. — guwai, outside of a castle. 

Jo, n. A lock. — ivo orosu , to lock. 

Jo, {uye). Superior, best ; to go up, as- 

cend. — chiu ge, three qualities of su- 
perior, middling, and inferior. Goktt 
-JO, the very best. yd hin, superi- 
or in quality. Jo-jd, very best, super- 
fine. — jun, the first ten days of 
a month. — kai, the upper world, 

Jo, n. A quire of paper, — of some kinds 
20 sheets make a quire ; of other 40 
sheets ; a book that folds up like a fan. 
Kami icki jo. 

Jo, n. Article, item, particular. San jd 
no okite, three separate laws. Migi ?w 
JO-JO, the above items. 

Jo, (fumi), n, A letter. — -wo yaru, 
to send a.letter. — bako, a letter box. 

Jo. Used in respectfully addressing 
young ladies. O jo san. 

Jo. Used in counting mats. Tatami 
ichijo, one mat. JUjojiki no heya, a 
room of 10 mats. 

Jo, {take), n. A measure of ten feet in 
length, a pole. Isshaku to ichijd, ten 
feet make one pole. 

Jo, n. Riding, that which is ridden, 
met. a horse. — suru, to ride. — ba, 
a horse for riding. — sen, to embark 
on a ship. 

Jo-Ai, 71. The feelings, disposition, kind- 
Iv emotion, affection. — no 7iai hito 

Jo-ban, n. A permanent watch or guard. 

J6Bi,-ru,-ta, i. v. To be superior, excel- 
lent or fine in quality. 

Jo-BOKU. To print, or have cut on 

Jo-B JKU, {sumi nawd), n. The black- 
ened line used by carpenters for making 
a straight line. 

j6-nu, a. Strong, firm, solid ; hale, in 
good health ; courageous ; safe, se- 

Jo-BUKURO, 71. A letter envelope. 

Jo-CHiu, 71. A tapeworm. 

Jo-dan, «. Sport, play, jest, joke, fun. 
— 7«;^ ?■«, to jest, joke. — suru. 

Jo-dan, w. A raised floor in temples or 
houses ; upper row, or grade. 

Jo-DO, {kiyoki kimi). The clean coun- 
try, holy land, or paradise of the Bud- 

Jo-Dzu, n. A good hand, skilful, expert, 
dexterous, adept. — na hito. — 7ii 
dekita, well done. 

Jo-FUKU, n. {tsune no ki7no7td). Com- 
mon clothes^ such as are usually worn. 

Jo-Gi, n. A ruler for drawing lines ; a 
rule, example, standard. 

Jo-GO, 71. A funnel, 7nei. a sot, a drunk- 

Jo-Go. Fixed fate, doom or retribution 




decreed for deeds done in a previous 

Jo-GON, {tasukeru kotoba). To prompt 
or assist another by speaking, to dic- 

Jo-HAi, (uye no tomogara.) Superiors, 
the great, the upper class of people. 

Jo-Ho. Fixed rules, stipulated articles of 
a' treaty, laws, regulations, enactments. 

J6-I, {kurai luo yudzuru.) — suru^ to 
abdicate the throne. 

Jo-Ji, {tasukeru kotoba), n. An exple- 
tive word, or word used for the sake of 

j6-]i,-(iz2ir/<,-ta, t. v. To ride: met. to 
avail one's self of an opportunity. Hen 
ni jojite ikusa wo okosti. 

Jo-JITSU, (sadamareru hi.) Fixed day, 
set day for doing anything. 

Jo-ju. Completed, finished, done, per- 
fected. Mada — senu, not yet com- 

Jo-KA, n. The town or city in the vicin- 
ity of a castle, suburbs. 

Jo-KAKU, n. The established rule, fixed 

Jo-Ki, n. A rush of blood to the head, 
agitation or perturbation of mind. — 

JoKi, n. Steam, vapor. 

JoKi-SHA, «. A steam car, locomotive. 
— mtchi, a railroad. 

JoKi-SEN, n. A steam-boat. 

Jo-Ko-BAN, n. An incense dish, a cen- 

Jo-MAYE, n. A lock. — yd, a lock- 

Jo-MiVAKU, n. A vein. 

Jo-Mivo, {sadamatta inochi.) n. The 
fixed period, or duration of life. 

Jo-MOKU, n. The items or articles, of an 
edict, proclamation, or notice. 

Jo-No, n. Any thing paid in to govern- 
ment, as money, taxes. 

JoppARi. Obstinate, stubborn, self-willed. 

JoREN, n. A basket with a handle used 
for shoveling earth. 

Jo-RiKi, (chikara wo tasukeru^ n. Aid, 
help, assistance. 

Jo-RiKU. Disembarking, landing from a 
ship. — suru. 

JoRiu. — suru, to distil. — sui, dis- 
tilled water. — kuwan, a still, alem- 

Jo-Ro, n. A prostitute, harlot, whore. 

Jo-RO, «. A kind of watering-pot. 

JoRO-jORO-TO, adv. Rippling of flowing 
water. — nagareru. 

JoRo-VA, n. A house of ill-fame, whore- 

JoRURl, «. A kind of musical drama or 
song. — wo kataru. 

JosAiNAi,-/^/,-/^«. Active, smart, indus- 
trious, diligent. — hito. 

Jo-SEi, {tasuke nasu.) — suru, to aid, 
help, assist, to contribute. 

Jo-SHiKi, n. Established rule, or custom; 
customarily, always. 

JosHiKO, n. A smoothing plane, such as 
is used for the finest kind of work. 

Jo-SHOKU, n. Beauty of women. — nz 

Jo-SHo-jiN. Perpetual abstinence from 
fish or flesh of any kind. 

JoTABO, n. A beautiful woman. 

Jo-TAN, «. A screen, or fender placed 
over a brazier. 

Jo-YA, n. The last night of the old 

j6-v.\Kr, n. A covenant, agreement, 
contract, treaty. — wo viusubu. 

Jo-ZA. An upper, or high seat. 

Ju, (to.) Ten. — bu uchi, one tenth. 
— nin nami, an average kind of per- 
son. — ■ guivatsH, tenth month. 

Ju, {kasane.) The numeral for things 
placed one above another, as boxes, 
stories of a tower, folds of cloth. 

Ju. — suru, to reside, dwell, live. 

Ju-AKU, n. The ten sins of the Bud- 
dhists ; viz., Seshohd, killing any thing 
that has life ; Chuto, stealing : Tonyo- 
ku, covetousness ; Gu-chi, foolishness ; 
Ja-in, adultery ; Mogo, lying ; Kigo, 
scoffing; Akko, cursing; Riyozetsu, 
double-tongued ; Shini, anger. 

Ju-BAKO, 71. A nest of boxes fitting one 
above the other and connected together 
by a handle. 

Ju-BAN, n. A shirt. 

Ju-BUN. Ten parts ; complete, perfect ; 
abundant, plenty ; enough. — ni am, 
have plenty, or enough. 

Ju-d6, {koshi no michi.) The doctrines 
of Confucius, Confucianism. 

Ju-Dzu, n. A rosary. 

Ju-GAKU. The works or writings of Con- 

Ju-Gi, n. The ten relative virtues of the 
Confucianists, viz., benevolence in the 
master, fidelity of servants, parental 
love, filial piety, brotherly love, conju- 
gal aff"ection, kindness of the elder and 
submission of the younger brother. 

Ju-JAKU, a. Weak, feeble, unfit for ser- 
vice, invalid. 

Ju-jl, n. The superior, or rector of a 
Buddhist temple. 

Ju-ji-KA, n. A wooden frame in the 
shape of the character for ten, a cross. 

JO-jO, {kasane gasane^ adv. Repeated 




ly, over and over, again and again, 

time and again. 
Ju-JUN. Gentle, mild, amiable. 
Ju-jLTSU, n. The art of wrestling, or of 

throwing others by sleight. 
Ju-Kivo, {sumai)^ n. Residing, dwelling. 

— j«r«, to reside. 

Jlkkei, (tedate^ n. Plan, device, strat- 
agem. — ivotsiikusu. 

JuKKON. Ripe friendship, cordial inti- 
macy. — no majiivari. 

Ju-KU, a. Nineteen. 

JuKU. — sunc^ to be ripe, mature; ex- 
perienced, skilful, versed in, perfect in. 
Juku-shi^ a. ripe persimmon. 

JuKU, ft. A private school, a study- 

JuKu-DAN. — suru, to talk over fully or 

JuKU-KUWAN. Skilful from use, accus- 
tomed to and skilful in, experienced 

JuKU-REN. Experienced, skilful from 
practice, thoroughly acquainted with 
or versed in. 

Ju-KU-MON-YA, «. A shop where the 
price of each article is nineteen cash. 

JuKU-sui, «. A sound or deep sleep. 

Ju-MAN, {inichi-7nits7<ru). Full, abound- 
ing. — J7<rz<, to fill, abound. 

Ju.M-BAN. Regular order, regular succes- 
sion or turn, according to the number. 

— de kuru, to come in regular succes- 

Ju-iMiYo, n. Life. Nagai — , long life. 

Ju.MMAW.ARi, K. Regular order or suc- 

Ju-MOKU, {ki)^ n. A tree. 

Ju-.MON, n. A written prayer, charm, 
spell or incantation. — zvo tonayerti, 

Ju-.MON-ji, n. The character for ten, 
shape of a cross. — ni kirii^ to cut , 
into quarters, or crosswise. — no yan\ 
a spear with a head in the shape of a 

Ju-.MOTSU, n. Articles preserved in tem- 
ples or in families as memorials, or as 

JuM-PiTSU, n. Money paid for writing. 

— riyo. 

Jum-pO, n. A favorable or propitious 

JuN. — suru., to follow or be obedient 
to even unto death ; to die for the sake 
of another. Mlchi ni — suric, to suf- 

' fer martyrdom for the truth. 

JuN. Regular or proper order, proper 
succession. — ni yuku, to go one after 
the other in regular order. 

JUN-DATsu. — surii^ to pass or commu- 
nicate from one to another in order. 

JuN-GETSU {urudzuki), n. Intercalary 

JuN-GiAKU. Fair and foul, favorable and 

unfavorable, forwards and backwards, 

right and lei't, direct and reverse. Kti~ 

ruma w) — ni mawasu, turn a wheel 

in a direct and reverse way. 
Ju-H.\CHi, a. Eighteen, 
Ju-GO. Fifteen. 
JuN-GURi, n. Regular order or turn, one 

after the other. 
Ju-Ni, a. Twelve. — guwatsu, the 

twelfth month. — ka getsu^ twelve 

Ju-NiN {suntu-hito)y n. Inhabitant, resi- 
JuNi-SHi. The twelve horary characters ; 

viz., ne, ushi, tora^ «, tatsu, mi, unia^ 

hitsuj'i., saru., tori., inu., i. 
JvN]i,-ru, or dzuru^-ta. To be alike or 

resemble, adjust, equalize, proportion ; 

adapt, suit. 
JuN-j6, n. A line and level, inet.., the 

JuN-jL'N'-Ni, adv. In order, regular turn, 
regular succession, by turns, consecu- 

Jun-k6 {ineguri-arukti). — suru. To 
go around, or about from place to place. 

JuN-KuwAN, n. Revolution, circulation. 
— suru., to revolve, circulate. Tsitki 
no — , the revolution of the moon. 
Chi fto — , circulation of the blood. 

Ju-n6, «. A fire-shovel. 

Jl-n6. To receive. 

JuN'-RA {meguri mamoru). A patrol, 
policeman. — st(ru^ to patrol. 

JuN-s.'Vi, n. The Limnanthemum Pelta- 

JuN-SHi. Dying for another. — spoken of 
servants who commit suicide on the 
death of a master. 

JUxN-SLi. Pure, unadulterated, unmixed. 

JUN-TAKU {uruoi uruosu). To enrich, 
to promote prosperity, to benefit. 

Jun-t6, n. Small-pox that is uncompli- 
cated, and goes through its regular 

Jun-t6. Regular order or turn, regular 

JuN-voSHi, n. A younger brother adopt- 
ed as a son and heir. 

Ju-RAi. To come, visit. 

Ju-RAi, adv. Heretofore previously, 
hitherto, from the first. 

Ju-RiN {/uini nijiru). To grind, or 
crush with the foot. 

JuRivo. — surit^ to receive from gov- 
ernment, as an office, salary, or rank. 

Ju-r6 {roya ni ireru). To send to gaol 

Jtj-SAN, a. Thirteen. 


Ju-ROKU, a. Sixteen. 

Ju-SEN, a. Previous, former, adv. As 

heretofore, as before. 
Ju-SHA, n. A Confucianist. 
Ju-SHA, n. Attendant, follower. 
Ju-SHi, a. Fourteen. 
JO-SHiCHi, a. Seventeen. 
Ju-SHO, n. A dwelling-place, residence. 

)0 KAB 

Ju-SHOKU. — stcru^ to reside in a mon- 

JC'-TAKU {sumika)^ n. A dwelling, resi- 

JuTSU, 71. Art, science, rules, princi- 
ples, artifice, trick. 

Ju-YEN, Doubly related by marriage. 


Ka, n. A musquito. 

Ka, n. Smell, odor, scent, perfume. 

Ka, n. A load for a man. Midzu ikka, 
a load of water. Sumi go-jikka^ fifty 
loads of charcoal. 

Ka a classifier for periods of time, coun- 
tries. Ikka tsukt., one month. Ni ka 
tsuki, two months. San ga koiu, 
three provinces. San ga sho., three 

Ka (iye)., n. Family, house. — w^/, 
family nam«, name of the house. Ka- 
fii^ the rules or customs of a house. 
Ka-fiiy the chronicles of a family. 
Ka-gu^ house furniture. Ka-ko, the 
_ customs of a house. Ka-Jt, family 
' aflFairs. Ka-jichi, giving a house as 
security. Ka-kei^ family line, pedi- 

Ka. An interrogative particle, = to the 
interrogation mark (?). Atta ka, have 
you found it? Omaye Yedo ye aide 
nasarii ka, are you going to Yedo ? 
With a negative it expresses a strong 
affirmative. Yoi hito j'a nai ka, what 
a fine man he is ! A particle express- 
ing doubt ;,if, weather, or. Danni san 
kita ka miyo, see if the master has 
come. A me fiiru ka shfre-nai, I 
don't know whether it will rain or not. 

Kabavaki, n. A hare roasted brown. 
Usagi no — , id. 

KA.AiGARi,-r?<,-i'^^, t. V. To love, to be 
fond of; same as, Kawaigaru. 

Kaba. a kind of flowering cherry. 

Y^hs,.\\,-au,-atta, t. v. To cover or shield 
from danger or injury, to be careful of, 
to keep in safety, to protect, to screen, 
defend, guard, preserve. 

Ka-b^kari. This much, so much, such 
as this. 

Ka-ba«, «. A reinforcement to the 
number of a guard or watch. — suru,, 
to increase a guard, or watch. 

of am 

KaBE, 71. 

n. A dead bod}', the carcase 

A plastered wall, plaster, mor- 
tar. — wo Tiuru, to plaster. 

K.^benari, «. Always assenting, agree- 
ing, or chiming in with what another 
says. — luo iu. 

Kabe-nuri, «. A plasterer, plastering. 

Kabk-shitaji, «. The lathing on which 
plaster is daubed. 

Ka-bi, 71. Fire made to smoke away 

Kabi, 71. Mould, mildew. 

KABi,-r?<,-^a, i. V. To mould, mildew. 

Kabi-kus.a.1, a. Mouldy and stinking, 

Kabi-tsi'k:i,-/^?c,-zV(z, i. v. To become 
mouldy, or mildewed. 

Kabocha, 71. A pumpkin. 

Kabu, 71. The stump of a tree. A gov- 
ernment license, legal right, or title ; 
business ; a guild, a habit or custom to 
which one is addicted. 

Kabu, «. A turnip. 

Kabuki, 71. A kind of opera. — yaku- 
sha, an actor. 

Kabuki, «. A horizontal piece of tim- 
ber over a gate, a hntel. Kabiiki-77io7t., 
a gate with a lintel over it. 

Kabura, n. A turnip. 

Karurava, 71. An arrow with a head 
shaped like a turnip, having a hole in 
it, which causes it to hum as it flies. 

KABURE,-r«,-Z'rt, ?. V. To be infected, 
to have an eruption from coming in 
contact with others, or with something 

¥^\^\j^\,-ru,-tta, t. V. To put on one's 
own head, to wear on the head, to cap ; 
to have pain in the stomach, to take on 
oneself, or assume. Kalniri-fiiru. To 
shake the head in dissent. 

KABirRi-MONO, 71. A covering for the 
head, bonnet, cap. 


KABrsARi,->-«,-^^rt, /. 71. To be spread 
or laid over, to overspread, to cap ; pro- 
tected, screened. 

KABUSE,-r«,-/a, caust. of Kaburi. To 
cover, or spread over the head of an- 
other ; to impute, charge, blarae. 

Kabuta, n. A stump. 

Kabuto, 71. A helmet. 

Kachi, n. On foot, walking. — de yu- 
ku, to go on foot. 

KaChi,-j-«,-j'M, /. V. To conquer, win, 
defeat, overcome, gain the victory ; to 
triumph, to control, to excel. Onore 
ni — , to conquer self, deny one's 

Kachi, n. A victory, advantage, supe- 
riority. — -djo toru., to gain a victory, 
to be triumphant. 

Kachi-doki, «. The shout of victory or 

Kachi-hadashi. Walking barefoot. 

KACHi-HOKORi,-r«,-^^a, J. V. To be 
puffed up by victory, vain of one's 

Kachi-guri, n. Dried chestnut kernels. 

Kachi-ji, n. A journey on foot, or go- 
ing by land. 

Kachi-kachi, adv. The sound of hard 
things striking together, clashing, clack- 
ing, clicking. 

Kachi-make, «. Lose and win, victory 
and defeat. 

Kachi-mode, n. Visiting the temples on 

Kachi-musha, «. A foot soldier, infan- 

Kachin, «. Bread or cakes made of 
pounded rice, same as Mochi. 

Kachi-nige, n. Having won to run 
away, — as a gambler. 

Kachi-vvatari, n. Wading across, cross- 
ing on foot. 

Ka-Ch6, «. Musquito-net. 

K.\D.\Mi,-7nn ,-f/da, t. v. To screen, or 
protect from injury, fend off. 

Ka-den, n. Anything transmitted in a 
family from one generation to another. 

Kado, n. A corner, angle ; a flint. — 
wo tatete mono wo tic, to speak an- 
grily. Kado-ishi.^ a flint. — yas/iiki, 
a corner house. 

Kauo, n. The outside entrance, or door 
of a house ; a home. 

Kado, n. A kind of fish roe. 

Kado, n. An item, article, point, par- 

Kado, n. The paper mulberry. 

Ka-d6 {uta no iiiichi). Rules of poetry. 

Kado-bi «. A fire kindled at the door, 
after the death of a person, to light the 
•way of the soul to the next world. 


Kado-de. Leaving home, setting out on 

a journey. 
Kado-GUCHi, n. Entrance, or door of a 

Kado-kadoshii,-/^/,-/^?<(, a. Full of an- 
gles and rough points ; crabbed, rough, 

Kadomo, conj. Although, however, 

but., n. Meeting a guest at the 

gate to welcome him in. 
Kado-nami. Each house in order, house 

by house, from door to door. 
Kado-tsuke, n. A person who goes 

about from house to house begging, or 

playing on the guitar. 
K.'\DO\VAKASHi,-.s-«,-/a, t. V. To kidnap. 
Kadowakashi, n. A kidnapper. 
Kadzu, n. The number. — naranu^ 

unimportant, of little consequence. 

Kadzu-kadzH, many, numerous. 
KADZUiCE,-r«,-/ii, t. V. To lay over the 

head of another, lay to the charge of 

another, impute, blame. 
Kadzuke-mono, w. a reward, or present, 

in acknowledgment of merit. 
Kadzuki,-/^2/,-zV<:i,/. v. To put on or cov- 
er the head, to veil. 
Kadzura, w. A creeping vine, 
Kadzura, k. a wig. 
Ka-fu-ka, adv. Should or should not, 

can or cannot, right or wrong, good or 

KAGAMARi,-r;< ,-//«, /. V. To be bent, 

crooked, curved. 
K.AGAME,-r«,-/'a, /. V. To bend, to crook, 

stoop, bow. 
¥.AG\M\.,-mu,-)tda, i. v. To bend, to 

crook, to stoop, to bow. 
Kagami, n. A mirror, looking-glass ; 7net. 

the head of a barrel ; an example, or 

pattern. Kaga77ii-do, a shining door, 

clean and bright door. Kagai7ii-ita, a 

clean, bright board. 
Kagami-mochi, 71. A cake of rice-bread, 

large and round like a mirror. 
Kagami-shi, 71. A maker of mirrors. 
Kagari, r7i,-tta, t. V. To embroider 

with long stitches, to lace together by 

sewing, to darn, cross-stitch. 
Kagari, n. A kind of iron brazier for 

holding torches. Kagari-bi, a torch- 
Kagashi, «. A scarecrow made in the 

shape of a man. 
Kagashi,— jz/,-/a, t. v. To growl, snarl. 
KAGAYAKi,-/Cv^,-//rt, i. V. Tu be bright, 

glisten, glitter, sparkle, shine, gleam, to 

be brilliant, effulgent. Kagayaki-wa- 

taru, to shine all around, to shine 

across, to gleam across. 


Kagayaki, n. Lustre, brillianc}', glory, 
effulgence, brightness. 

Ka-ge, {.shika no ke). Deer-color, chest- 

KAGE,-ru,-^a. Same us Kaieru. Nicked, 
notched, flawed. 

Kage, n. Shade, shadow, reflection, 
light ; w^/. secret, unseen ; influence, 
power, beneficence, help. Kage de ki- 
ku, to hear in secret. 

Kage-boshi, 71. Dried in the shade. 

Kage-boshi, n. The shadow of a person. 

Kage-goto, n. Talking in secret, or of 
one behind his back. 

Kage-hinata, n. Shade and sunlight ; 
vtet. double-faced, hypocritical, du- 

Kagema, n. A boy used by sodomists. 

Ka-Gen, {jnashitari hcrashitari)., n. 
Increasing or diminishing, adding to or 
taking away the proportion of the in- 
gredients in any compound ; the sea- 
soning, flavoring, taste ; the feelings or 
condition of body. 

KAGERi,-r2^,-^^a, /. V. To be over- 
shadowed, obscured, shaded. 

Kagero, n. The waving or flickering ap- 
pearance of the air rising from a hot 
surface in the summer. 

Kagero, n. A kind of insect, said to be- 
gm to live in the morning and to die at 
night, an ephemera. 

Kage-w.\x, h. A broken cup. 

Kage-zen, n. Food set away for an ab- 
sent one. 

Kage-zoshiri, n. Secret slander, back- 
biting, speaking evil of one who is ab- 

Kagi, n. A key. 

Kagi, ft. A hook. 

JLA.Gi,-gu,-zda, t. V. To smell, to scent. 
Kagi-dasi^, to scent, to find out by 
smelling. Kagi-nareru^ accustomed to 
the smell or scent of anything. Kagi- 
tsukeru, to snuff" up, smell, to scent, to 
perceive by the smell. 

Kagi-bana, h. Smelling, scenting. Inu 
ga — -lVo shite oric^ dog is scenting 

IC\Gi-GusuRi, n. Fumigating medicines ; 

KAGiRi,-r?/,-/'/'«, i. V. To be limited, 
ended, bounded, confined, restricted ; 
until the end of, with the exception of; 
only ; to shade, shadow ; to set, — as the 
sun. Inochi kagiri tatakau^ to fight 
till death. 

K.'VGiRi, n. The limit, end, utmost ex- 
tent, boundary. Koye vo — ni naki- 
sakebu^ cried out at the top of his 

)2 KAI 

Kagi-tabako, n. SnufF. 

Ka-giv6, n. Business, the occupation or 

calling of a family. 
Kagi-zaki, n. Tom on a nail, torn or 

ripped by catching on anything, — as of 

Kago, 71. A sedan chair, or basket made 

of bamboo for riding in. — wo kaku. 

to carrry a sedan chair. 
Kago, «. A basket, a cage. 
Ka-go, n. Care, providence, protection 

of the gods. Kami no — de tasuka- 

Kagoji, n. A character or word written 

in outline. 
Kago-kaki, n. Chair-bearers. 
K.\-GOTO, n. A pretext, excuse. 
Kagoya, 71. A place where kago are 

kept for hire. 
Kagura, n. A theatrical exhibition in 

front of a temple ; also persons wearing 

the head of a lion as a mask, who go 

about the streets dancing and beg- 

paper as security, or as a witness ; to 

KIahan-nin, 71. An endorser, security. 

Ka-hi. Good or bad, good or not, should 
or not. — luo tsu77tabiraka ni sedzu, 
whether it is good or not is not fully 

KoHODO. This much, so much, so much 
as this. 

Kai, 71. Profit, advantage, use, benefit. 

Kai, n. An oar, paddle. — ivo tsukau, 
to work an oar. 

Kai, (com. coll. for Kaytt)., n. Gruel. 

Kai, «. A clam, any small bivalve. 

K.M. The numeral used in counting hats. 
Kasa ikkai, nikai^ sangai. 

Kai. The numeral used in counting 
the stories of a house. Ni-kai^ two 
stories, or second story. 

Kai, i,if)taski»ie), n. The prohibitipns, 
or commandments of the Buddhists. 
Go kai IVO taTiiotsu ^ to keep the five 
Buddhist commandments. Ha-kai 7io 
so, a priest who breaks the command- 
ments. Kai-giyo suru, to -practice the 

Kai, (u77ii), n. The ocean, sea. Td- 
kai, the eastern ocean. Kai-chitc, in 
the sea. Kai-dai, all within the four 
seas, — Japan. Kai-bo, guarding the 
sea-coast. Kai-zoku^ a pirate. Kai- 
doy a road near the sea-coast. Kai-gaii, 
the sea-shore. Kai-gun, the navy. 
Kai-gun-biyd-i7i, a naval hospital. 
Kai-he7i, near the sea, adjacent to the 
sea. Kai-jd, on the sea. Kai-moHy 



the surface of the ocean. Kai-riku^s&a. 

Kai, -a u^-aiia^ t. v. To buy. 

ILAi^-au^-atta, t. v. To keep or feed an- 

Yiw^-au^-atta^ t. v. To put anything un- 
der, against, or between something else 
in order to support, brace, prop, level, 
or stay it. 

Kai, n. A ravine, gorge. 

Kai-awase, n. A kind of game played 
with shells. 

Kai-ba, n. The sea-horse ; Hippocam- 

Kai-ba, n. Horse-feed. 

Kai-biyaku, n. The opening or develop- 
ment of the visible universe, — supposed 
to be spontaneous : the creation. Ten 
chi kaibiyaku i-rai\ from the creation 
of heaven and earth,, n. Anatomical dissection. 

Ka-ibushi, n. A smoke to keep oflf mos- 

Kai-cho, {tobari wo hirakzt). The cere- 
mony of opening the shrine in which 
the idol is kept for the public to see and 
worship ; a festival. 

KAi-DASHi,-i-«,-/fz, t. V. To buy up goods 
or produce from the producer or manu- 

KAI-DASHI,-i-«,-^rt, t. V. To dip out, to 
bale out, to empty out with a dipper. 

K.\i-DARL'i,-/^/,-/^?/, a. Torpid, dull, dead, 
heavj', languid, sluggish. 

K i-DATE, n. A parapet or breastwork 
made by joining large wooden shields 

Kaide, n. A kind of maple. 

Kaido, n. The Pyrus Spectabilis. 

Kaigaishii,-/^/,-/^^, a. Spoken in admi- 
ration or praise of something bold, he- 
roic, or useful ; active, prompt. 

Kai-Gakari, n. Buying on credit. 

Kaigake, n. The gross weight, includ- 
ing the box or wrappings in which an 
article is contained. 

Kai-gara, n. Empty shells of clams or 
other shell-fish. 

Kai-gen. Altering the name of the year 
or era. 

Kai-gen. (me ivo hirakii). Opening the 
eyes, the ceremony of consecrating an 
idol, when the god is supposed to take 
possession of it. 

Kai-giy6. Setting up or commencing 
business, opening shop. 

Kai-gui, 71. Buying something to eat, — 
spoken of candy, fruit, etc. 

K.Ai-GURi,-rz/,-/if«, t. V. To haul in hand 

KAi-HAMARi,-r«,-^i'a, i. v. To buy goods 

at a losing or extravagant price, to make 
a bad purchase, to be taken in in pur- 
chasing goods. 

Kai-hax. To cut on blocks, to publish 
by cutting on blocks. 

Kai-h6, (tasuke idakii). Nursing the 
sick, waiting or attending on, as a 
nurse. — suru^ to nurse, to attend. 

Kai-h6-nin, n. A nurse, one who attends 
on a sick person, an attendant, assis- 

Kai-hotsu. Opening and developing or 
clearing new ground for cultivation. 

KAii,-y^z,->fe«, (coll. for Kayui). Itch- 

K.\i-iDAKi,-;^«,-zVa, t. V. To take in the 
arms, embrace. 

KA-iRE,-rz<,-/a, t. V. To buy up and lay 
in goods for use, or for sale. 

Kai-ka. To marry into another family, 
to marry again, — said of a woman. 

KAi-KABURi,-r«,-^/«, /. V. To buy at an 
extravagant price, to be taken in in the 
purchase of anything. 

KL(Vi-KAKi, n. A rake or drag used in tak- 
ing oysters or clams. 

Kai-k.\ku, {aratame). To change, re- 
form, alter, rectify. 

Kai-ki, (inotoi wo hirakii), n. The 
founder, originator, of a temple or sect. 
— suruy to found, or endow. 

Kai-ki, n. A kind of glossy silk, 

Kaikijima, n. A kind of thin silk stuff. 

Kaiko, «. A silkworm. 

Kai-k6, {mitiato wo hiraku). To open a 

. port to trade. 

K.-\.i-KOKU, {kuni wo hiraku). To open 
a country to foreign intercourse. 

KAi-KO.Mi,-;«z<,-«(^a, t. V. To put into 
with a dipper or bucket, to dip in, bale 

KAi-KOMi,-?««,-«^a:, t. V. To buy up 
and lay in goods. 

Kai-komi,-7«z^,-«^«, /. V. To hold the 
spear in position for charging. 

K.\i-KU, 71. The seal. 

Kai-kure, adv. Wholly, altogether, en- 

Kai-kuwa, (.^zVrt,^^/^ kawaru). — suru^ 
to open and change, to be reformed, to 
become civilized. 

Kai-maki, n. A thick wadded wrapper 
or gown used for sleeping in. 

Kaimami, 71. Looking through a crack, 

KAi-MA.Mi,-rz<,-2f«, t. V. To look Or peep 
through a crack. 

Kai-mei, [iia wo kayeru). Changing the 

Kai-mivo, n. The name given by the 




Buddhists to a deceased person, post- 
humous name. 

Kai-moku, adv. All, entirely, wholly, 
(with a negative). — yaku-ni-tatanu^ 
wholly useless. 

KAi-MOTO.ME,-r«,-^«, t. V. To get or 
hold by purchase. 

Kai-mu, {>ni>ia nashi). Not the least, 
, wholly. 

Kai-na, n. The arm from the shoulder 
to the elbow. 

Kai-nai,-/^/->^«, a. Of no use, unprofit- 
able, useless. 

Kai-nen, {arataffiatta tos/ii), n. The 
new year. 

KAi-NOKOSHi,-j«,-/a, /'. V. To leave a 
part unbought ; to forget to buy. 

Kai-nushi, n. The buyer, purchaser. 

KAi-OKi,-^«,-2Va, t. V. To buy and keep 
or lay by, or to bargain for. 

KAi-OKi,-/4-«,-zjfa, /. V. To keep, as do- 
mestic animals. 

Kairai, «. A puppet-show. 

Kairu, 71. A frog. 

Kai-sax, {yania ivo hiraku). Founding 
a Budd. temple, the founder of a tem- 
ple or sect. 

Kai-shaku, n. An assistant ; the person 
who cuts off the head of one in the act 
of committing hara-kiri. 

Kaishidei, n. A mustard plaster, sinap- 

Kai-shiki, adv. All, every one, wholly, 

KAi-SHiME,-r«,-^«, /. z/. To buy up 
goods and keep them, in order to raise 
the price ; to forestall or monopolize 
the market. 

Kai-shin, {kokoro -wo aratainerii)^ n. 
Change of heart, reformation, conver- 
sion. — sum, to be converted. 

Kaiso, n. Squills. 

Kai-s6. — sunt., to remove a corpse from 
one cemetery to another. 

Kai-shu. — suru., changing one's reli- 
gion, or going from one sect to an- 

KAi-TAi,->t/,-/&«,-(7. Wish to buy. Kai- 
takti nai., do not wish to buy. 

Kai-taku. — j«r«, opening, improving, 
or developing waste land, or the re- 
sources of a country. 

Kaite, n. A buyer, customer. 

Kaitsuburi, n. The widgeon. 

KAi-TSi'KAMi,-;««,-«a'a, t. V. To seize or 
snatch hold of, to catch up in the hand, 
to scramble and catch. 

Kai-tsui-:lkai,-o-^^«, t. v. To arrange 
the clothes, to pick and adjust the 
feathers as a bird. 

KAi-TSUMAMi,-»««,-«t^rt!, t. V. To make 

extracts, to select passages from a book, 
to epitomize, abridge. 

Kai-u.v, {im wo hiraku). A change of 
fortune for the better, a change from 
bad luck to good. 

Kaiwai, n. Vicinity, neighbourhood. 

Kai-wari, n. The plumules which first 
open when a pea or bean comes up. 

Kai-veki, aratanie kayeru). Dismis- 
sion from service, degradation and re- 
moval from office, and confiscation of 
estate and property. 

Kai-zai, (jjiina sumu). Finished, con- 
cluded, settled. — no tegata, a receipt 
in full. 

Ki-AZOYE, n. An assistant, attendant. 

Kaji, n. A rudder, the helm. — -wo 
toru, to steer. Omo-kaji., helm to the 
starboard. Tori-kajia, helm to the 
port side. 

Kaji, n. A smith, blacksmith. 

Kajika, n. A kind of small river fish, 
said to sing. 

KAjiKE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To be cold, be- 

Kajime, n. Kind of seaweed. 

Ka-jIiV, {tita yomi), n. A poet. 

KA]iRi,-r u,-iia. To gnaw, or bite any- 
thing hard. 

Kaji-tori, n. A helmsman, steersman. 

Ka-jitsu, (itoina no hi). A holiday, or 
day of leisure. 

Kajiva, n, A blacksmith. 

Kajo, «. An item, article, particular. 

Kaica, n. Mother, used by children. 

KAKADZURAi,-a«,-«i'^«, i. V. To relate 
to, to concern, affect, belong to. 

KAKAGE,-r«,-/'a, /. V. To raise up, hoist, 
lift up, to hang up. 

KAKAGE-iDASHi,-i-«,-/rt, t. V. To hang 
out, to set forth, produce, bring up, re- 

KAKARE,-r«,-^«, pass, of Kaki. 

}^AKAKi.,-ru,-tta, i. V. To be suspended, 
hung up, hook to, fixed on, or laid over 
something ; to pertain, concern, relate, 
or belong to, to appertain to ; to be the 
subject of, to depend on ; to cost. Ale 
ni — , to beseen, meet with. Isha ni — , 

• to consult a physician. Kokoro., or ki 
ni — , to be concerned about. Fushin 
ni kakatte iru, engaged in building. 
Nani hodo kakari-mashita., how 
much did it cost ? Midzu ga aaaaru., 
it is getting wet. Shigoto ni — , to be 
at his work. Hito no kuchi ni — , to 
be a subject of talk. Tori-kakatie, 
happening to pass. Shi ni kakatte oru, 
to be dying, about to die. Kiri-kaka- 
ru., about to cut, or ready to cut. li- 
kakaru., about to speak. Koye ga ha- 



na ni — , he speaks through his nose. 
Kagaini ni kiimori ga — , the mirror 
is cloudy. Wana ni — , caught in a 

Kak.\ri, n. The cost, expense ; duty, 
department of business, or labor ; sta- 
tion-house, or place of business. 

KAKARi-Ai,-«?<,-/^a, i. v._ To be con- 
cerned in, mixed up with, to meddle 
with, to be involved in, to be responsi- 
sible for; to have an interest, part or 
concern in ; to be subject to. 

K.A.KARI-BITO, 71. A dependent, a hanger- 
on, one who depends on another for 

Kakari-make, n. Expenses that exceed 
the profits. 

KAK.AKi,-r«,-j/i/. Like this, this kind, 
so, thus, such, this manner, — of some- 
thing said before. Kakaru ni., thus, 
so, in this way. 

IC\KASE,-rM,-2f,«. To make, or let an- 
other ride in a sedan-chair. Hito ni 
kago -wo — , to make one ride in a 

KAKASE,-r?<,-Z'a. To let, or cause another 
to write. Watakiishi ni kakasete ku- 
dasere^ let me write. 

Kaka-soso, adv. Hesitating, undecided 
or doubtful manner. 

Kakato, n. The heel. 

KAKA\VARi,-r?/,-//a, z. V. To concern, 
affect, to be at the risk of; to endanger, 
to relate, or belong to, to interfere, 

KAKAYE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To hold in the 
arms, embrace ; to employ or engage in 
one's service. 

Kakave, n. An armful. 

K.AKE,-ru-ta, i. v. To run. 

KAKE,-rM,-^rt, i. V. To be written, can 

KAKE,-rM,-^rt, i. V. To be flawed, nicked, 
broken, defective, missing, wanting, 
lacking, omitted. 

KAKE,-r ?«,-/«, t. V. To hang up, or on ; 
to hook on ; to lay over ; to suspend, 
to place across, to place, set or put on ; 
to sit ; to sprinkle, to bet, to wager ; to 
invest ; to risk, stake, to spend. Midzii 
wo — , to water. Shiwo wo — , to salt. 
Sato wo — , to sugar. Ho wo — , to 
hoist a sail. Mekata wo — , to weigh. 
Nasake wo — , to do kindness to one. 
Inochi wo — , to risk life. Tanonti wo 
— , to make a request. Koye wo — , to 
lift up the voice. Kokoro ni — , to 
bear in mind. Go-ku~ro wo — , to give 
trouble. Kane wo kakete koshirayeia, 
spent money in making. Suffixed to 
other verbs in comp. words, it signifies, 

to begin to do and soon leave off; asi 
Shigoto wo shi- kakete asonde irti^ 
having commenced his work, he left it 
to go a-pleasuring. Mikan no kiii- 
kakcy an orange which one began to 
eat and has left. 

Kake, n. A debt, or money owed for 
goods bought on credit ; a bet, wager. 
— de kau., to buy on credit. 

KAKE-AGARi,-r«,-z'^rt, i. V. To run up. 

KAKE-Ai,-rt«,-a/'i'a, i. V. To consult to- 
gether, to talk over, to confer with ; to 
attack, or butt against each other ; to 
be matched, or pitted against, as anta- 

Kake-ai, n. Conference, parley, treat- 
ing with another on some business, 

Kake-.^i, n. A single combat or duel 
between men on horse-back. 

Kake-ai-ni, adv. Alternately. 

KAKE-AWASE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To ride to 
encounter each other, to charge on each 

Kake-beri, n. Deficiency in weight. 

Kake-dashi,-j«,-/«, /. V. To run out ; 
to make a thing weighed to be over- 

Kaice-gane, n. A ring and staple for 
fastening a door. 

Kake-gave, n. Anything which, if lost 
or injured, cannot be replaced. — ?to 
nai oya. — no naki inochi. 

Kakego, n. A small box that fits into a 
larger, a nest of boxes. 

Kake-goto, 71. Betting, risking or stak- 
ing money, gambling. 

Kake-gove, ;/. The sound made by 
persons straining at their work, as 
coolies when pushing a cart, chopping 
wood, or pulling a rope. 

KAKE-HANARE,-r«,-^rt, /. V. To be far 
apart, widely separated, to be as differ- 
ent as possible. 

Kake-hashi, 71. A bridge over a moun- 
tain gorge, or along the side of a preci- 
pice ; a ladder. 

Kake-hi, n. A pipe for conducting wa- 

Kake-hiki, n. Advance and retreat ; 
adventuring or holding back in any 

Kake-ji, n. A hanging picture. 

Kake-k6, «. A bag of perfume, worn 
about the person. 

KAKE-MAWARi,->'?<,-/j'rt, t. V. To run 
about, or around. 

Kake-me, n. The weight. 

Kake-mochi, {ke7itai,) n. Carrj'ing on 
business at two different places. 

Kake-mono, «. Hanging pictures. 




Kake-mono, n. Anything laid as a bet 
or wager. 

Kake-mukai, n. Sitting opposite to 
each other. 

Kake-ne, n. Asking more than the true 
price, two prices. Gen-kin — nashi^ 
no credit and but one price. 

KAKE-NUKE,-r«,-/a, t. -v. To ride 
through, to run past, or slip away. 

Kake-ochi, n. Running away by stealth, 
absconding, decamping, escaping. 

Kake-roku, n. Speculating in trade, 
buying on a venture, adventure. 

Kake-sen, n. Money staked on a bet, 
in a lottery, or in gambling ; also, in- 
stalments of money paid. 

Kake-tori, n. A collector of debts, of 
merchants' bills, or of things sold on 

Kake-uri, n. Selling on credit. 

Kake-ya, n. A large wooden mallet. 

KAKE-vORi,->'«,-//iZ, t. V. To ride up to, 
to run near or close to. 

Kake-zan, n. Multiplication. 

K.AKi, «. The persimmon. — no ki, a 
persimmon tree. 

Kaki, n. An oyster. — no kara^ oyster- 
shells. — bai^ lime made of shells. 

Kaki, n. A fence, hedge. 

Kaki-,^«,-^^, t. V. To write, to sketch, 
to draw, to scribble. 

KAKi,->^//,-z'a;, t. V. To scratch, to rake, 
to bind strips of anything together in 
rows, to splice ; to contract, or catch, 
as disease. Haji ivo — , to feel ashamed. 
Skitsu wo — , to get the itch. Ibiki luo 
— , to snore. 

Kaki, -/^«, -/a, /. v. To carry on the 
shoulders — only used of a Kago. 

Kaki, -ku,-ia, t. v. To nick, to make a 
flaw in ; to break off a small piece, and 
thus to damage, or injure ; to omit. 
Koto wo — , to be short-handed. Hijiia 
•wo — , to waste time. Shoku wo — , to 
neglect one's duty. 

Kaki-ar.\wawashi,-jm, -i'a, t. v. To 

K.AKi-ATSUME,-rM,-/a, t. V. To collect 
and write down ; to rake or scrape to- 

KAKi-AVAMARi,-rM,-^^«, /. V. To make 
a mistake or commit an error in writ- 

Kaki-dashi, n. A bill. — wo kubaru, 
to distribute bills, or an account of 
things bought on credit. 

KAKi-DASHi,-j?/,-/fl, t. V. To copy out 
of a book, or ledger ; to begin to write ; 
to rake or scratch out. 

Kaki-han, n. A seal made with a 

KAKi-iRE,-r?<,-^a, i. v. To write in, 
insert by writing, interline ; to give as 
security, to mortgage. 

Kaki-ire, n. Anything given in mort- 
gage, or as a pledge or security. 

KAKi-KAVE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To write over 
again, to alter what is written ; re- 

Kaki-keshi,-j«,-^«, t. V. To scratch or 
rub out, erase, obliterate. 

KAKi-KiRi,-r«,-i'a, t. V. To cut ofif by 
holding the thing to be cut with one 
hand, and cutting with the other to- 
wards one self. 

Kaki-kumori,-;^^,-^/'^, /. V, To be 
clouded over, darkened. 

KAKi-KURE,-r«,-//d:, r. v. To be blinded ; 
as, Naviida ni — , blinded with tears. 

KAKI-MAWASHI,-J«,-/a, t. V. To Stir 
round, stir about. 

KAKi-MAZE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To mix toge- 
gether, stir and mix together. 

KAKi-MiDASHi,-j«,-^a, t. V. To mix, 
jumble together, confuse, derange. 

KAKi-MORASHi,-j«,-^rt, t. V. To omit in 
writing, forget to write. 

KAKi-MUSHiRi,-rz<,-2'/rt, t. V. To scratch 
and tear off, strip off. 

Kakin, n. Injury, shame, dishonor, 

KAKi-xNADE,-r«,-if«, t. V. To smooth or 
caress with the hand. 

KAKi-NAOSHi,-j?/,-^a, /. V. To write and 
correct, to write over again. 

Kaki-narashi,-j«,-/«, t. V. To scrape 
and level ; to twang — as, the string of 
a guitar. 

KAKi-NARE,-rM,-/rt, i. V. To learn to 
write, to become used to writing. 

K.A.KINE, n. A fence, hedge. 

KAKi-NiKui,->^/,-/^z<,-j/iz". Bad for writ- 
ing, hard to write with, hard or difficult 

KAKi-NOBORi,-r«,-^^a, t. V. To climb 
up, scramble up. 

KAKi-NOKE,-rM,-^a, t. V. To push to 
one side so as to pass through, as a 

KAKi-NOSE,-r«,-^rt:, t. V. To record, to 
write or note down, register. 

Kaki-nuki,-,^:?^,-?^^, t. V. To make writ- 
ten extracts from a book. 

Kaki-oki, n. A will, or a writing left by 
a person going away or dying. 

KAKi-6sE,-r«,-i'a, t. v. To finish writ- 
ing, to do up a large amount of writing. 

KAKi-OTOSHi,-j-?/,-i'a, t. V. To cut off by 
holding anything in one hand, and 
cutting towards one's self with the 
other ; to scratch off; to omit, or for- 
get to write. 




K.\Ki-o\VAm,-rit,-tia. To finish writing. 

KAKi-SAGASHi,-j?/,-/rt, /. v. To search 
for, to scratch and search for — as, a 

K.\Ki-s.\Ki,-ku,-zta, t. V. To scratch 
and tear. 

KAKi-SHiRLJSHi,-J«,-i'a, L V. To write or 
note down, record, make a memoran- 
dum of. 

KAKi-SHiTATAME,-ra,-^a, t. V. To write, 
compose and write, to engross. 

Kaki-so, n. A light-brown color. 

KAKi-soKONAi,-rt«,-^«, t. V. To Write 
wrong, mistake in writing, to spoil in 

KAKi-soYE,-r?^,-i'd;, t. v. To add to a 
writing, to write a postscript. 

KAKi-suvE,-r?/,-^«, t. V. To set down a 
a sedan-chair when carrying it. 

YiAKi-TM^-ki^-kzt^-ski, a. Wish to write. 
Kakitaku nai, do not wish to write. 
Kaki-tai to omdte kaki-nakatta^ I 
wanted to write but did not. 

KAKi-TASHi,-Jz<,-i'«, t. V. To write what 
is necessary in order to complete, to 
write and fill up. 

KAKi-TATE,-r?/,-M, t. V. To write down 
many items ; to write up, as a list ; to 
pick up, as the wick of a lamp ; to stir 
and mix together. 

KAKi-TOME,-r/^,-^a, /. V. To record, 
register, make a note of, write down so 
as not to forget. 

KAKi-TORi,-rw,-2'^«, t. V. To copy, tran- 

KAKi-TSL'DZUKE,-rz<,-^«, t. V. To write 
down in succession, to connect by writ- 
ing, to continue to write. 

Kaki-tsuke, «. A writing, note, memo- 

KAKi-TSUKE,-r?<,-^a, /. V. To note down, 
make a memorandum of. 

KAKi-TSUKUSHi,-5-?/,-/a, t. 7>. To exhaust 
a subject by writing, to finish writing, 
to use up in writing, as paper. 

KAKi-TSUTAYE,-r?<,-^rt, t. V. To -write 
and hand down or transmit to others. 

K.AKi-uTSusHi,-,rM,-/«, /. V. To copy, 

KAKi-YABURi,-r?<,-7?^^, t. V. To scratch 
and tear or deface. 

Ka-Kiyoku, n. Song, sonnet, ballad. 

KAKi-YOSE,-rM,-M. t. V. To rake, or 
scratch anything towards one's self 
with the fingers ; to bring near in a 

Kaki-zome, 71. The first writing of the 

new year. 
Kakke, 71. Dropsy of the legs. 
Kakko, {adakavio yoshi.) n. Shape, 

proportions, manner, style. 

Kakko, 71. A kind of drum. 

Kakkon, ti. A kind of medicine made 
of the root of the kiidzu. 

Kako, n. A common sailor. 

Kakochi,-^*?^, i. V. Troubled, worried, 
sad, gloomy. 

KAKOi,-^,-£7^a, t. V. To inclose, to fence, 
to shut in, to surround ; to cover in or- 
der to preserve, as fruits ; to preserve, 

Kakoi, 7t, An inclosure, fence, barrier ; 
an arbor. 

Kakoi-me, «. A mistress, or concubine 
kept in private. 

Ka-koku. Cruel, severe, hard, oppress- 
ive, vexatious. — 7iaru seiji., a cruel 
government. — «a ^«««a,a hard mas- 

KAKO.MARE,-rw,-^«, pass. of Kakomu. 
To be inclosed, surrounded. 

KAKOMi,-;«?/,-«i/«, /. t'._ To surround, 
inclose, confine on all sides, encompass, 
lay siege to. 

K.'KKOMi, n. An inclosure, that which 
surrounds or shuts in, a siege, blockade, 

KAKOTsrKE,-rz<,-/a, t. V. To make as a 
pretext, pretence, excuse ; make be- 

Kakotsuke, n. Pretext, pretence, ex- 

Kaku {ono-07to). Each, every, all, va- 
rious. Kak-koku, each or every coun- 
try ; all the treaty powers. Kakkiyo- 
ku., all the offices or departments of 
state. Kakkuiva^ every person's task 
or exercise. Kaku-ji, each one, every 
one. Kakka^ each article or thing. 
Kakti-ji^ each place, each piece of 
ground. Kaku-ha7t^ each or all the 

Kaku, w. A rifle target. 

Kaku, «. Rank ; grade, degree of ele- 
vation or dignity ; station ; pattern, 

Kaku {77zaroto)., n. A guest, visitor, 

Kaku, «. Corner, angle, a horn, square. 
Shi-kaku., square, or four cornered. 
SaTt-kaku, three cornered. 

Kaku, «. A blow with both heels given 
to a horse while riding. 

Kaku, a. This, thus, so. — 710 tori, 
this way, this manner. 

Kaku, «. A disease of stomach charac- 
terizedby vomiting that which has just 
been eaten. 

Kaku-bakari, adv. Thus, so, this much. 

Kaku-ban. 71. Alternate watches, watch 
and watch. 

Kakubei-jishi, «. Young boys who go 

KAK Io8 

about from place to place, wearing a 
mask like a lion's head, and practising 
somersaults and other tricks for a living. 

Kaku-betsu, a. Different from the rule 
or what is usual ; unusual, uncommon, 
exceptional, special, particular, extraor- 
dinary. — koto, an evception. 

Kaku-dan. Different from ordinary, ex- 
traordinary, particular, special, import- 

Kaku-gex, n. A maxim, adage, wise- 
saying, aphorism. 

Kaku-getslt, n. Alternate months, 
month about, every other month. 

Kakugo, n. Preparation, readiness, an- 
ticipation, expectation. — iva yoi ia, 
are you ready ? 

Kakl'-guwai. Contrary to the rule, an 
exception ; particular, special, extraor- 
dinary. Onna wa — ni sum, women 
are an exception. — ni yasui, extra- 
ordinarily cheap. 

Kakui (Jiedate gokoro), n. Separation 
of heart, unfriendliness, estrangement. 

Kaku-jitsu, n. Alternate days, day 
about, every other day. 

Kaku-kaku, adv. So, thus, this way. 

Kaku-kaku, adv. Bright, shining, re- 
fulgent, glittering. 

Y^KKXiUM..-aii,-atta, t. v. To conceal, 
hide, shelter, harbor. 

Kaku-maku, n. The cornea. 

Kaku-nen, n. Alternate years, year 
about, every other year. 

Kaku-no-GOToki,-/^«,-j-/2;, a. Thus, in 
this way, so, such — referring to some- 
thing said before. 

KAKrRE,-r?<,-i'rt, t. V. To be hid, con- 
cealed, to be secret ; to die. 

Kaklre-ga, 71. A secluded or retired 

Kakurembo, n. The game of blindman's 

Kakure-mi, n. One living in seclusion, 
or concealment. 

Kaku-sei, 71. A new, or strange star. 

Kakushi, 71. A pocket in a garment. 

Kakushi,-^?^,-^'^:, t. V. To hide, con- 
ceal, to secrete. 

Kakushi-baijo, n. A secret prostitute, 
one who does not live in the prescribed 

Kakushiki, «. Rank, grade, degree of 
elevation or dignity, station in society. 

Kaku-shin, 71. Estranged, distant, cool, 

Kakute, adv. Then, after this, and, so 

Kaku-uchi, n. Target-shooting. 

Kaku-ya, n. Alternate nights, night 
about, every other night. 


Kaku-y.-vku, adv. Bright, shining, glit- 

Kama, «. An artifice or trick used to 
make a suspected person confess the 
truth. — wo kakete 7iiakoto ivo iiva- 
serti, to get one to tell the truth by 
pretending to know all abjut it. 

Kama, «. A sickle. 

Kama, m. A furnace, kiln. 

Kama, ti. An iron pot. 

Kama-ashi, «. Club-foot. 

KAMABisusHi,->^/,-/i-«, a. Tumultuous, 
noisy, boisterous. 

Kamaboko, n. A kind of food made of 
fish cut up fine, rolled into a ball, and 
baked ; hashed fish. 

Kama-buta, «. A pot lid. 

Kamachi, 7t. The frame of a door, or 

Kamado, 71. A furnace, kitchen, range, 
a kiln. 

KAMAi,-rt?/,-«««. t. V. To meddle with, 
interfere ; to be concerned about, to 
mind, care for ; to matter, be of import- 
ance. O kainal 7iasaru Tta, don'l 
trouble yourself about it, let it alone. 

Kama-itachi, 71. A sickle-weasel, — an 
invisible animal supposed to inflict 
wounds on people ; thus if a person 
should fall, and without any apparent 
cause, receive a cut, they say he is, Ka- 
77iaitachi ni kirareta. 

KAMAKE,-rw,-/rt, i. V. To be intent 
upon, occupied with, taken up with, 
absorbed in. 

Kama-kiri, 71. A mantis. 

KAMARE,-r?^-^rt, pass, or pot. of Ka77ti. 
To be bitten, can bite. Ha 7iashi de 
ka7)tare7iai, he has no teeth, and there- 
fore cannot bite. 

KAMASE,-rM,-/rt, caust. of KaiTtii. To 
cause another to bite, to let or get one 
to bite. U7iia 7ti kutsuiva wo — , to 
put a bit in a horse's mouth. 

Kamasu, tt. A straw bag. 

Kamasu, tt. A kind of fish. 

KAMAYE,-r7<,-^rt, t. V. To enclose, to 
prepare ; to assume an attitude, post- 
ure, or position ; to build, frame, con- 
struct ; to concoct, devise. 

Kamave, 71. The external arrangement, 
form, and appearance of a building ; 
manner, attitude, posture, position ; an 
enclosure. Migamaye wo sum, to put 
one's self in the proper posture. 

Kamavete, adv. Positively, certainly, 

Kam-ban, Tt. A coat worn by a servant, 
having the master's coat of arms on the 

Kam-ban, w. A sign-board. 


Kam-base, w. The face, countenance. 

KAMBATsr, «. A drought, want of rain. 

Kam-ben. Consideration, thought, re- 
flection, judgment ; patience. — su- 
ru^ to consider, think over, reflect, de- 
liberate on, to weigh in the mind ; 
to pardon. — naranu, unpardonable. 

Kam-biyo. Nursing, or attending on the 
sick. — «z«, a sick-nurse. 

Kam-b6 {kaze -mo hiku). To catch cold. 

Kam-butsu {butsii wo sosogu), n. The 
ceremony of washing the idol of Bud- 
dha with amacha. 

Kam-butsu, n. Vegetables dried for 
food. — j«, a grocer. 

Kame, «. A tortoise. — no ko, the 
shell of a tortoise, 

Kame, «. A jar. 

Kame-bara, k. Kind of disease. 

Kame-Gata, n. A box turned out of 

Kame-no-o, n. The Coccyx. 

Kami (sAin), n. The gods, God. 

Kami, k. A title of rank, a ruler. 

K.A.MI (uye). Superior, above, high ; up- 
per rank or place ; ruler ; wife. Kaiva- 
kawi, up the river. O kami san^ your 
wife, also a title used in addressing any 
married woman, = Mrs. 

Kami, n. Paper. — wo suku^ to make 

Kami, n. The hair of the head. 

Y^K^w^-fmi^-nda^ t. v. To bite, chew, 
gnaw. Kande fukiimerii^ to chew the 
food and feed it to the young. Kaiiii- 
au^ to bite each other, to fight, as dogs. 
Kami-kirii^ to bite off, to cut oflT with 
the teeth. Kami-konasu^ to masticate, 
to chew fine. Kami-kiidaku^ to break, 
or crush with the teeth, to craunch, to 
bite and break. Kami-shime^-n^ to 
gnash the teeth, to close the teeth 
tightly. Kami-tsuku, to bite, lay hold 
of with the teeth. 

Kami-gata, n. The capital, the region 
about Kiyoto. 

Kami-ire, n. A wallet for holding pa- 
per, a pocket-book. 

Kami-kiri, n. A widow who cuts and 
wears her hair short after her husband's 

Kami-kiri, n. A paper-cutter. 

Kami-kiri, n. A beetle. 

Kami-kura, «. The highest or chief 

Kami-muki, n. One's superiors; used 
also in speaking of a prince, or of the 

Ka.mi-nadzuki (Jil-guwatsu)^ n. The 
tenth month. 

Kami-nari. n. Thunder. — yoke^ a 



charm against lightning, a lightning- 

Kami-OKI, n. The ceremony on the oc- 
casion of first letting a child's hair 
grow, when he arrives at about five 
years of age. 

Kami-oroshi, n. Bringing down the 
gods, as is supposed to be done by a 
Miko or Ichiko^ when holding commu- 
nication with them. 

Kami-s.-ucay.'VKI, n. Dressing the hair in 
Japanese style. 

Kami-shimo. Above and below, supe- 
riors and inferiors ; also, a peculiar 
dress worn on occasions of ceremony, 
or on dress occasions. 

Kami-sori, n. A razor. 

Kami-suki, «. A paper-maker. 

Kami-suki-ba, n. A paper mill, paper 

Ka.mi-va, n. A paper store. 

Kami-yo, n. The age or time in which 
the Kami alone existed. 

Kami-yui, n. A barber, hair-dresser. 

Ka.m-mon, n. A written memorial sent 
to the Emperor. 

K.\mmuri, n. A kind of black cap worn 
by nobles on the crown of the head. 

Kamo, n. A kind of operatic perform- 
ance, of dancing and music., n. A wild duck. 

Kamoi, n. The upper beam in the 
groove of which a door or screen slides, 
a lintel ; the lower is called Shikii. 

Kamoji, 71. False hair worn by women. 

Kamoji, 71. Mother, only used by women 
in writing to their mothers. 

Kamome, n. A seA-guU. 

KA.MOSHi,-j«,-^a, t. V. To brew. Ura- 
mi wo — , to s:ir up hatred. 

Kamoshika, 71. A kind of wild stag. 

Kam-pa, (jni-yaburu.) — sum, to dis- 
cover, understand ; to see into, or per- 
ceive something that does not lie on the 

Kam-pan, «. The deck of a ship. 

Kampiyo, n. A kind of dried melon. 

K.A.M-P6, \kara 710 /lo)., ti. Chinese sys- 
tem of medicine. 

Kam-pu, {sa7uui kaze,) n. A cold wind. 

Kam-puku, 71. Admiration, commenda- 
dation, approval. — sjiru. 

K.\N, 71. Deficiency in weight or num- 
ber ; loss, waste, tare. 

Kan, {sa77tuT.) Cold. Sho-kaTt, the pe- 
riod of moderate cold. Dat-ka/i, the 
period of severe cold. 

Kan, 7z. China. Ka/t-go, the Chinese 
language. Ka7i-ji, Chinese characters. 
Ka7i-07t, the names of the ChincoC 
characters used by the Confucianists. 


Kan, {kinto^ n. The liver. Kan no zo^ 

Kan, «. Marasmus. 

Kan, n. Cramp, twitching of the mus- 
cles, convul.-^ions. 

KaNj n. Quick of perception, clever, or 

quick-witted. — nvo tsukeru, to be 

quick to perceive, guess, or suspect. 

fKAN, «. Admiration, approbation. — 

nt tayetari^ affected to admiration. 

Kan, {atatafuertt^) making hot, — ap- 
plied only to sake. — wo tsukeru., to 
warm sake by setting the bottle in hot 

Kana. Exclam. used at the end of a 
sentence, = to the interjection sign, !. 

Kana, n. (cont. of kari and na name). 
The 46 characters of the Japanese syl- 
labary so called from their having been 
borroToed from the Chinese. 

Kana, n. Violet colored thread. 

Kana-ami, «. A wire netting, wire 

Kana-basami, n. Shears for cutting me- 

Kana-bashi, n. A blacksmith's tongs. 

Kana-ber.\, n. An iron spatula, a tro- 

Kana-b6, n. An iron rod, or staff, a 

Kana-bcmi, n. Books written in the 
Japanese hii-agana characters. 

Kana-butsu, n. A metal image of Bud- 
dha, a bronze idol. 

Kana-dar.\i. «. A copper or metal basin. 

KANADE,-r«, /. V. To dance to music. 

Kana-doyu, n. A copper pipe. 

Kana-dzuchi, n. An iron hammer, 

Kana-dzukai, n. Spelling with the Ja- 
panese syllables, referring especially to 
spelling the sounds of Chinese charac- 

Kanagai, n. Lead or tin foil. 

Kana-gai, n. A metal spoon made in 
the shape of a shell. 

Kana-gaki. Written in the Japanese 
hiragana characters. 

Kanagi, n. A twig, small branch. 

Kanagu, n. The hardware or metal 
work of bureaus, boxes, etc. 

KAN.AGURi,-r«,-/^«, /. V. To coil, as a 
rope ; to wrench off, to scratch. 

Kana-gus.\ri, n. An iron chain. 

Kana-gutsu, «. Iron shoes, a horse- 

Kana-hibashi, n. Iron tongs, or two 
iron rods for taking up coals. 

Kanai, n. Family, house ; wife. Go — 
sama., your wife. — >«, the whole fam- 


KANAi,-rt« or dr-tta^ i. v. To agree with, 
to suit, accord, to be in harmony with, 
to correspond, to be consistent with, 
comport with, to be compatible, to tally 

Kana-kin, n. Muslin, cambric, long- 
cloth of foreign make. 

Kana-kugi, «. An iron nail. 

Kana-kuso, n. Metal cinders. 

Kaname, n. The rivet or pin of a fan ; 
the important, or essential principle, 
the cardinal point. 

Kana-mono, n. Hardware, things made 
of metal. 

Kanaradzu, adv. Positively, certainly, 
necessarilj', must. 

Ka-nari. Tolerably, middlingly well, 
passibly, can or may do. 

Kanariva, n. A canary bird. 

Kanashii,->^/,-/4-;/:, a. Sad, lamentable, 
sorrowful, afflictive, mournful. 

Kana-shiki, n. An anvil. 

Kanashimi, n. Sorrow, sadness, grief. 

Kanashimi,-^?^,-^^/^, i. V. To grieve, 
to lament, mourn, to sorrow. 

Kanashisa. n. Sorrow, sadness. 

Kanata. There, that place. — konata^ 
here and there. 

KAN.A.-TEKO, n. An iron crowbar. 

Kana-toki, n. An anvil. 

Kanatsumpo, 71. A deaf person. 

Kanawanu. The neg. of Kanai. Not 
suiting, not agreeing with, unable ; can- 
not, impossible, disabled. Tc ga kana- 
ivanu., the arm is disabled. 

Kanaye, m. a three legged kettle. 

KANAVE,-rz^,-/«, pass, ol Kanai. To be 
in accordance with, or suitable to. 

Kan-Chi, {yokoshiina no chiye,) n. Wick- 
ed, cunning, subtilty, wiliness._ — na- 
ru viono^ an accomplished villian. 

Kancho, n. A spy. 

Kax-dan, n. Leisure, interval of rest or 
cessation from motion or labor. 

Kan-dan, {satnui atsui.) Cold and hot, 
the temperature. 

Kan-dan-kei, n. A thermometer. 

Kan-d6, n. Disinheriting, discarding, 
or turning a disobedient son or servant 
out of the family. — suru, to disin- 
herit a child. 

Kan-d6, {nuki micki,) n. A by-way, 
a secret way. 

Kandoko, n. The finger-board of a gui- 

Kane, n. Metal, ore, money. 

Kane, n. A bell. 

Kane, n. The stuff used by Japanese 
women for staining the teeth black. 

KANE,-r?i,-/a, t. V. To discharge the 
duties of two or more offices at the same 


time ; to use a thing for two purposes ; 
to do two things at once ; to compre- 
hend, or include two or more things in 
one ; to be anxious about. Diii&cult, 
or hard ; cannot. 

Kane-bako, n. A money-box. 

Kane-dzuku, «. By the influence of 
money ; sake of money. Hito no ma- 
koto 1V0 — de naszi beki koto de wa 
nai^ men should not do what is right 
for the sake of money. 

Kane-fude, n. A brush used in staining 
the teeth. 

Kane-fuki, n. A metallurgist. 

Kane-gane, adv. ■ Previously, before, 
usually, constantly, always. 

Kane-goto, n. A secret or previous 
promise, as of marriage. 

Kane-gura, n. A money-vault, a mon- 
ey-safe, a treasury. 

Kane-hori, n. A miner. 

Kane-ire, n. A purse or wallet for car- 
rying money. 

Kaxe-kashi, n. A money-lender, a 

Kane-.mawari, 71. Circulation of money, 
exchange, trade. 

Kane-mochi, n. One that has money, a 
rich man. 

Kane-mochi-rashii,--^/,-/^?/, a. Having 
the appearance of a rich man, like a 
rich man. 

Kane-no-te, n. A right-angle. 

Kanete, adv. Previously, before, be- 
forehand ; constantly, alwaj'S. 

Kane-tsubo, n. A jar for holding tooth- 

Kane-tsuke-ishi, n. A touchstone. 

Kane-zashi, n. A carpenter's square. 

KANGAMi,-r2<,-i'^, t. V. To look at as in 
a mirror ; to regard as an example for 
imitation, or warning ; to judge of. 

KANGAYE,-r«,-/a, i. zi. To think on, to 
reflect, consider, to ponder over. 

Kangave, «. Thought, consideration, 
reflection. — ga tsukanu., I can't 
make it out. 

Kan-gen, n. Expostulation, or remon- 
strance with a superior. 

Kani, n. A crab. — no hasaitti., a crabs 

Kani-baba, n. The meconium. 

Ka-ni-kaku, adz'. Various, this and 
that, this way and that way. 

Kan-in, «. Rape, adultery. — suru, to 
commit adultery. 

Kan-ja, n. A spy. 

Kan-ja, n. Sickness from severe cold 

Kan-ja. Unprincipled, villainous, de- 
praved, nefarious. 


KA'S-ji,-dz!ir7i,-ta, i. v. To admire, to 
approve of; to regard with approba- 
tion, esteem, or admiration ; to be 
moved, affected. 

KAN-ji,-f/:;«r//,-i'(i, a. {sainiiku narri), 
i. V. To be cold. 

Kanji, n. The cold. — ga tsuyoi. 

Kanjiki, n. Snow-shoes. 

Kan-jin, n. A villain, traitor, a deprav- 
ed, unprincipled man. 

Kan-jin, n. The important, essential, or 
principal part. 

Kan-jo, n. A privy. 

Kan-j6, n. An account, reckoning, cal- 
culation ; a bill, the amount. — suru., 
to count up, to reckon, number, to 
make up an account. Fii-kanjo ., care- 
less of accounts. — iva iku7-a, what is 
my bill, or what is the amount ? — chd., 
an account book. 

Kan-ke, n. Contributions to Buddhist 

Kan-kei, f». Nefarious plan, or scheme, 
a conspiracy. 

Kan-ki, n. The cold. — wo shinogu, 
to suffer from the cold. 

Kan-ki, n. The discharge of a servant 
for some offence, disgrace. 

Kan-ku. Hard and bitter circumstances, 
difficult and painful condition, afflic- 

Kanna, n. A carpenter's plane. — no 
dai^ the wooden part of a plane. — 
kudzii., shavings. 

Kan-nabe, n. A pot for warming 

Kannagi, n. A dancer in a Kagura. 

Kan-nan, n. Trouble, adversity, calami- 
ty, affliction. 

Kan-nei. Subtle, cunning, treacherous, 
crafty, artful. 

Kan-nin, {koraye shinobu)., n. Patience, 
forbearance, self-restraint. — suru^ to 
be patient, to restrain one's self, to 
bear patiently. 

K.A.N-N6, n. An approving response, a 
favorable answer to prayer. 

Kan-nushi, n. A Sintoo priest. 

KANO,/r£>. That. 

Kanoko, n. A young deer, a fawn, 

KvNOSHiSHi, «. A deer, stag._ 

Kan-ran, n. The Chinese olive. 

Kan-riyaku, n. Economy, to be econo- 
mical, saving, frugal. 

Kan-ro, n. A sweet dew said to fall 
from the sky. . 

Kanrobai, n. A confectionary of dried 
plums coated with sugar. 

Kan-rui, n. Tears of joy, admiration, or 

Ka'n-satsu, n. A wooden ticket, or pass. 


Kan-satsu, n. Watching the words or 
conduct of others, spying, espionage. 

Kan-sha, n. Sugar-cane. 

Kan-shaku, n. Quick temper, passion, 
petulance, anger. 

Kanshaku-dama, «. Fire-crackers. 

Kan-shin, n. Admiration, wonder, ap- 
proval. — stiru, to be affected to ad- 

K.\n-sh6, ft. Admiration and praise. 

Kan-sho, n. A kind of fragrant wood. 

Kan-Sho, «. A letter of remonstrance, 
expostulation, or advice to a superior. 

Kan-s6, 71. A syphilitic chancre. 

Kan-shoku, n. Sensitiveness, sensation, 

Kan-tan. — suru, to admire, applaud ; 
to cry or sigh in admiration, or ap- 

Kan-tan, n. Liver and gall-bladder. 
Kantan wo kudaku., (fig.) to do with 
great pains, with great care and anxi- 
ety- . " . 

Kan-tei. Inspecting and judging of the 
qualities of works of art. — ska., a 
connoiseur, critic, judge. 

Kan-ten, n. A kind of food made of 
dried sea-weed. 

Kan-toku, n. The oflfice of censor. 

Kan-yetsu, n. Admiration and joy. 

Kanvo, n. Importance. — naru^ im- 

Kan-zake, n. Warm sake., hot tod- 

Kan-zashi, n. The ornamental hair-pins 
worn by women. 

Kan-zen-vori, «. A string made of two 
strands of twisted paper. 

Kan-z6, ft. Liquorice root. 

Kao, n. The face, countenance. — ivo 
tsubusu., to put out of countenance, to 
abash. Waga ttwno-gao ni., acting or 
looking as if it was one's own. 

Kao-iro, n. The color of the face, the 

Kao-mochi, n. The expression of the 

Kao-ne, iganshoku)., n. The complex- 
ion or expression or the face. 

KAORASHi,-j«,-?a, caust of Kaori. To 

KAORi,-r«,-^^a, i. V. To emit a perfume, 
to be fragrant. . 

Kaori, n. A perfume, odor, fragrance. 

Kao-tsuki, n. The expression of the 
face, coui»tenance. 

Kappa, m. A rain-coat. 

Kappa, n. A fabulous animal, something 
like a monkey, said to inhabit rivers. 

Kappa-to, adv. The sound of falling, or 
of throwing one's self down. 

[2 KAR 

Kappo. Facilitating or saving labor. — 
fio kikai., labor-saving machine. 

Kappo, n. Cooking, preparation, and 
dressing food. — sum., to cook. — ka^ 
a restaurant. 

Kappuku, n. The shape or proportions. 

Kara, n. China- 

Kara, a. Emptj', void, vacant. — ni 
naru, to become empty. — m' suru, 
to empty. Kara-i>ako, an empty box. 
Kara ido, a dry well. Kara naki., 
crying without tears. Karadeppdy an 
unloaded gun. 

Kara, adv. A strong asseveration. = 
Indeed, trulj'. 

Kara, «. An empty shell. Kurt no — , 
a chestnut-shell. Kaigara^ clam-shells. 
Naki-gara, empty shell ; (.fig.) a life- 
less body. Tamago no — , an egg-shell. 
Setni no — , the cast-off shell of a lo- 

Kara, posf-/os. and adv. From, since, 
by ; because, since, as ; than. 

Kara-aya, n. A kind of silk-stuff. 

KARABi,-r«,-z'rt, z. V. To be dry, arid, 

Kara-bitsu, n. A leather trunk. 

Karad.^, «. The body. 

Kara-gara, adv. In great danger, hardly, 
with difficulty, barely. 

KARAGE,-r«,-/'a. i. v. To tie up, to bind 
with a cord, — as a bundle. 

Karai,-^/,-^z<, a. Acrid, pungent, sharp 
in taste ; severe, harsh, hard, cruel. 

Karakai.-^,-^^^, t. V. To tease, vex, 
chafe, to banter or jeer. 

Kara-kami, n. Wall-paper. 

Kar.a-kane. n. Bronze. 

K.\r.'\-kar.\-to, ad7>. The sound of 
laughter, of rattling. 

Kara-kar.a, adv. Dry, empty. 

Kara-kasa, n. An umbrella. 

Karakuri, n. A show-box in which 
views or scenery are shown ; machinery. 

KARAKURi,-r?/,-i'^a, /. v. To set in mo- 
tion as a machine, — especially by pull- 
ing strings or wires. 

Kara-kus.\, «. The ornamental figure 
of a vine, in cloth, pictures, carved 
metal or wood. 

K ARAM ARi, -ru ,-^ia , i. v. To be twined 
around, coiled ; wound round in a spiral 
form, like a vine ; twisted round. 

KAR.A..ME,-r?<,-Ai, t. V. To bind, as with 
a cord, to twine about. Karame-toru^ 
to sieze and bind, as a thief. 

Karamete, n. The back gate of a cas- 

KARAMi,-;««,-«^a, t. V. To coil, twine, 
or wind around. Karami-au, to be 
coiled, or twined together. Karami- 




ind cleave to 

tsuku., to twine 

Karami, n. Acridity, pungencj', also a 
kind of pungent food. 

Kakappo. Empty, dry. 

K.\RARi-TO, adv. Clear, free from shade, 
bright, not gloomy, light. — yo ga 
ake^a, the morning has fully dawned. 

Kar.\sa, n. Acridity, pungency, sharp- 

Kara-sao, n. A flail. 

Karashi, n. Mustard. 

Karashi,-^?^,-^'^, /. z". To make or let 
wither, to dry, as grass. 

Karashi-ire, «. A mustard pot. 

Karashi-na, n. The mustard plant. 

Karasu, n. A crow. 

Karasu-gane, n. Money borrowed on in- 
terest and repaid by daily instalments. 

Karasu-hebi, n. A black snake. 

Karasuki, «. A plough. 

Karasumi, n. Dried salmon's roe. 

Karasu-uri, n. The Trichosanthus Cu- 

Kara-tachi, n. A kind of thorny bush, 
^gle Sepiaria. 

Kar.\-te. Empt3--handed. 

Kara-usu, n. A mortar for cleaning rice, 
in which the pestle is worked by the 

Kare, pro. That thing, that person, he. 

KARK,-rit,-ia, i. V. Withered, dried, 
dead, — as a tree, grass ; dried up, as 
water ; hoarse, husky, of the voice. 

Kare-ba, n. Withered or dried leaves. 

Kare-gare, adv. Withered, dried, emp- 
Kare-ki, n. A withered or dead tree. 

Kare-kore. This and that, one thing or 
another ; about. 

Karera. Plural of Kare. Those per- 
sons, these things. 

Y^\R\.,-rit .,-tta ^ t. V. To cut, as grain, or 
hay ; to harvest, reap. 

Y^\-Ri,-ru,-tta^ t. V. To hunt animals, to 
chase game. Hana -mo — , to hunt 

KARi,-r«, or riru^-ita., t. v. To borrow, 
to rent. 

K.ARi,-rie,-f(a, t. v. To drive, urge on- 
ward, to hurry. 

Kari, n. The chase, a hunt. 

Kari, 71. A wild goose. 

Kari, n. The corona glandis. 

Kari. Temporary, transient, for a short 
time. — no yadori^ a temporary lodg- 
ing. — no yo., this world, which is only 
temporary. (Bud). — no hashi., a 
temporary bridge. 

Kari, n. Borrowing, a debt incurred from 
borrowing money, a debt. 

Kari-atsume,-^^,-/^, t. V. To drive to- 
gether, to urge to assemble, to hunt up 
people and bring them together. 

Kari-ba, n. Hunting-ground. 

Kari-dzumai, 71. A temporary or tran- 
sient residence. 

Kari-gane, 71. A wild goose, the cry of 
the wild goose. 

Kari-gi, 71. Borrowed clothes. 

Kariginu, n. A kind of coat worn by 

Kari-ive, n. A rented house, a house 
for rent. 

Kari-kabu, 71. Stubble, after the grain 
is cut. 

Kari-kata, 71. The borrower, a lessee. 

Kari-kura, n. Hunting-ground. 

KARi-KUR.\SHi,-j«,-i'rt:, t. V. To live by 
hunting, to spend the time hunting. 

Kari-mata, «. An arrow with two 

Kari-mono, 71. Borrowed things. 

KARi-MOv6SHi,-i-«,-^rt, t. V. To hunt up 
and collect or assemble. 

Karin, n. A quince. 

Kari-ne, 71. A transient or short sleep., adv. Temporarily, for a short 
time only, lightly. 

K.ARi-NUi, 71. Temporary sewing, bast- 

Kari-nuski, n. One who rents a house, 
renter, or lessee. 

Kari-shun, n. Harvest-time. 

Karisome. Transient, small in degree, 
trivial, trifling, little, slight. 

Kari-udo, 71. A hunter. 

Kari-ya. a rented house, or a house for 

Kari-vasu, «. The carex, or sedge. 

Karivobinga, «. An immortal bird, hav- 
ing a fine voice, and human face, in the 
Buddhist paradise. 

KARi-YOSE,-r«,-^a:, /. V. To hunt and 
drive near, to drive together, as game. 

Karo, 71. The chief minister of a Dai- 

Karo-garoshii,-Z'2',-^?/, a. Lightly, in- 
considerately, heedlessly, undignified, 
light or trifling in manner. 

Kakoi,-,^/,->^?<, a. Light, not heavy, same 
as Kariti. > 

Karojite, adv. With much difliculty, 
hardly, barely. 

KARONji,-^2?^r?<,-2'rt, /. V. To make light 
of, to despise, contemn, to esteem of 
little value, disregard, slight. 

KAROSHiME,-rz^,-z'«, t. V. To make light 
of, despise, contemn, disregard, slight. 

Karugarushii. Same as Kar-ogarcshii, 

Karu-ga-yuve-ni, adv. Therefore, on 
this account, for this reason. 




Karu-hadzumi. Careless, heedless, reck- 
less, inconsiderate. 

K.ARV\^-kt\-Au,-s/tT\ a. Light, not heavy ; 
mean, low in social position, not se- 

Karu-ishi, n. Pumice stone. 

Karuka, «. A ramrod. 

Karuko, n. A basket carried by coolies ; 
a coolie, porter. 

Karu-kuchi, n. Fluent in talking, vol- 
uble, flippant. 

KARU.ME,-r«,-/a, i. v. To make light, to 

Karu-ni, n. Ballast. 

Karusa, n. Lightness. 

Karuta, n. Playing-cards. 

Karu-wasa, n. Acrobatic feats. — shi^ 
an acrobat. 

Kasa, n. A broad-rimmed hat, or shade 
for the head ; the ring around the moon 
in hazy weather. — wo kaburu^ to put 
on a hat. 

Kasa, «. An eruption on the skin, now 
mostly used of syphilis. — wo kaku, to 
get syphilis. 

Kasa, n. An umbrella. — 7io hajikL 
kane^ the spring of an umbrella. — 
no hone^ the stays of an umbrella. — 
no rokuro, the ring into which the 
stays are fastened. 

Kasa, n. The wooden lid of a cup, or 

Kasa, n. A heap, pile, bulk, or quantity 
of anything. 

Kasa, fi. The hull of some kind of 

Kasaba-rj, -ru,-t^a, i. v. To be large 
and bulky. 

Kasa-bukuro, n. An umbrella case. 

Kasabuta, n. The scab formed over an 
eruption or sore. 

Kasadaka. Bulky, occupying a large 
space, making a large pile. 

Kasagi, n. A cross piece of timber laid 
over two posts. 

Kasa-hari, n. An umbrella maker. 

Kasa-kaki, n. A person who has the 

Ka-saku, n. The structure of a house, 
or building. 

KASAMi,-;««,-«i/a, z. V. To become 
large, accumulate, to increase, aug- 

KASANARi,-rM,-^/rt, i. V. To be piled up, 
heaped up by laying one on another, 
placed one on another, to increase in 
number or size, to augment, accumu- 

KASANARE,-rM,-!fa, t. V. To pile or lay 
one thing on another ; to repeat, or do 
again, to add one to another. Kasanc- 

agerUy to pile up by placing one on 

Kasane, n. A pile, consisting of two or 

three things of the same kind laid one 

on the other. 
Kasane-gasane, adz'. Over and over, 

repeatedly, many times, often, again 

and again. 
Kasanete, adv. Again, repeatedly. 
Kasasagi, «. The jay. 
KASE,-r«,-.y/z/, i. v. To be lent, rented. 
Kase, «. Shackles, fetters. Te-kase, 

handcuffs. Kuii-kase, the cangue, 

yoke. Ashi-kase^ fetters, stocks. 
Kase, «. A reel ; a reelful, a skein, hank. 

I to kite kase, a hank, or skein of 

KASE,-r7<,-^a, i. v. To become dry, to 
dry up. 

Kasegi,-^<,-/^«, t. V. To be active in 
doing, to do with diligence, industry or 

Ka-sei, {kuivayeru. hei), n. Auxiliary 
troops, reinforcement, joining an army. 
— suru, to unite forces, to join an 
army, to reinforce, to help, second. 

Ka-sei, ({mug-oi seiji). Tyrannical or 
cruel government. 

K.A.-SHAKO, n. A small wooden box for 
holding candy. 

Kashaku, {shikari semeru). Punish- 
ment, torture, torment. — sum, to 

Kashi, n. The oak. — no mi, an acorn. 

Kashi, «. River bank ; a market place. 

Kashi. a word used at the end of a sen- 
tence of exhortation, entreaty or re- 
quest, to give emphasis to it. 

Kashi, -j?<,-^rt, /. v. To lend, to rent. 

KASHi,-j7<,-/a, t, V. To soak in water 
before boiling. 

Kashieata, n. River bank. 

KASHiDZUKi,-^?<,-iVa, t. z>. To attend, 
wait on, to take care of, to nurse, to 
bring up, to treat respectfully. 

Kashidzl'ki, n. A nurse, waiting maid, 
attendant, a servant. — ra, the at- 

KASHiGi,-.^«,-zViZ, /. V. To incline, lean 
to one side, to careen. 

KASHiKAMASHii,-/t/,->tz<, a. Loud and 
noisy, deafening, stunning, or roaring. 

Kashi-kata, «. A lender, creditor. 

Y^A&iiiKi, -ku,-itayt. V. To cook rice. 

Kashiko, adv. There, yonder, that 
place. Koko kashiko, here and there. 

Kashikoi,-/^/,-/{'7<, a. Feeling awe, 
dread, or fear ; wise, intelligent, clever, 
sagacious, shrewd. 

KASHIKOMARI,-rM,-^^«, i. V. To slt III 

the Japanese mode ; respectfully and 





humbly to receive, or promise obedi- 
ence to what one is told to do ; to as- 
sent to. 

KASHiMASHii,-y^/,-/^z<, a. Loud and noisy, 
boisterous, tumultuous. 

K.-VSHIRA, n. The head ; the chief, the 

Kashiwa, n. A species of oak. — ni 
nerii, to sleep with the under quilt 
folded over for a covering. 

Kashiwade, n. Clapping the hands to- 
gether when praying. 

Kashiwa-mochi, «. A kind of rice 
food boiled in the leaves of the Kashi- 

Ka-shoku, n. Family business, occupa- 
tion, calling. 

Ka-s6, n. The form, or position of a 
house, in respect of its being lucky or 

Kassen, n. A battle. — suru^ to fight 
a battle. Kasse^nba^ the place where 
a battle is fought. 

Kassui, n. Dry, deficient in water, of a 
river, paddy-field. 

Kasu, n. Dregs, sediment, grounds, lees, 
settlings, residuum. 

Kasu-dzuke, n. Pickled in sake lees. 

Kasugai, n. An iron clamp. 

Kasl"GE, n. An iron grey horse. 

Kasuka-naru, a. Faint, indistinct, dim, 

Kasuka-ni, adv. Slightly, faintly, in- 
distinctly, dimly. 

KASUME,-r;<,-/a, t. v. To rob, to de- 
fraud, take by fraud, or violence, to 
seize ; to make hazy. 

Kasumi, n. Haze, mist. 

'K.ASVMi,-7me,-nda, i. v. To be hazy, 
dim, clouded, dull. Kasumi-watari^ 
to be hazy all over., n. Freckles on the face. 

KASURE,-r»,-z'a, /. V. To be grazed, or 
touched slightly in passing, jiga ka- 
sureta, the character is written so that 
in places the ink has made no trace. 

Kasuri, -r «,-;'/«, /. V. To graze, to touch 
slightly in passing ; to brush, to abrade ; 
to fling an indirect sarcasm at another. 
Kasuri-kidzM., a slight wound made 
by the grazing of a ball, arrow, etc. ; 
an abrasion. 

Kasuri, n. Money taken as percentage, 
commission, or cabbage ; squeeze mo- 
ney, black mail. — ivo toru, to levy 
black mail, to squeeze. 

Kasutera, n. Sponge cake. 
■ K.\TA, n. The shoulder. — wo 7notsu., 
to help or back another. Kata wo nu- 
ku, to get out of a bad scrape. 

Kata, {/id)y n. Side, part, region ; par- 

ty, person ; mark, trace. In com- 
pounds answers to the person who, tlie 
thing which, that which. Anata-gata, 
you, (plural). Shi-kata ga nai, there 
is no resource. Shi-kata ga luarui^ 
what he does is bad. Hiyo-ro kata, 
the commissariat department. Odzu- 
tsu kata, the artillery. Koshi — 
the past. Kata-gata, plur. per- 

K.\TA, n. A mould, matrice ; pattern, 
form, figure, shape, copy, model. 

Kata, n. One of a pair, single — used 
mostly in compound words. 

ICvTA, «. A pledge, pawn. 

Kata-age, n. Tucking the sleeve at the 
shoulder — as in childhood to allow for 

Kata-ashi, n. One leg. 

K.\TA-AT£, w, A shoulder pad. 

Kat.\-ba.mi, n. Sheep's sorrel ; Rumex 

K.xta-buki, n. Favoritism, partiality, 
preferring one over another. 

Kata-bingi, n. Communication only in 
one direction,— having no return. 

Katabira, n. A very thin kind of sum- 

of one slope, a shed. 

Katachi, n. Figure, form ; shape, like- 
ness., «. Lame in one leg. 

Kata-davori, n. Same as Katabingi. 

KATADORi,-ru, -tta, t. 7>. To make in 
the likeness of, to imitate, resemble, to 
shape, to fashion, model. 

KATADORi,-r2t, -tta, t. V. To flank, to 
border upon on one side for defence, or 
support, or rest the flank against. 

Katadzu, n. Spittle, saliva, used in the 
phrase, Katadzu wo nomu, to swallow 
the spittle, a fig. expression for great 
anxiety, interest or solicitude, in any- 

KATADZUKE,-r7<,-/rt, t. V. To lay to one 
side ; put away, set away, to put in or- 
der, —as things in confusion ; to settle, 
to place a daughter in the house of a 
husband, to marry. 

Y^ATAT)7XK.\,-ku,-ita, i. V. Put away, 
set aside ; finished, done, settled, mar- 
ried off. 

K.\TADZUMi,-;«?<,-«£/a, /. v. To incline 
to one side, biased, prejudiced, partial, 
warped ; rustic. 

KATADZuRi,-r«,-^/«, i. V. Lop-sided, 
heavier on one side than the other. 

Kata-gata. While, at the same time, 
both ; moreover, besides. 

KATAGE,-rM,-/a, t, V. To lay, or carry 

KAT 1 

on the shoulder ; to incline, turn on the 
side, careen. 

Katagi, «. Hard wood, especially oak. 

Kataginu, n. That part of the dress 
of ceremony worn on the shoulders. 

KATAGiRi,-r «,-/«, /. V. To be austere, 
severe, or stiff in disposition or manner, 
to be over rigid ; to be bigoted or un- 
duly inclined to any person or thing. 

Kata-gurum.\, n. Riding upon the 
shoulders of another. 

Kata-hara. Used in the phrase, — itai^ 
sad, pitiable, regretful, or — itaku oino^ 
to pity, commiserate, to be sorry for. 

Kata-hashi, n. One or single edge, one 

Kata-hiji, n. One elbow. 

Kata-ho, n. A sail braced up in the 

lsj^TAi^-ki^-ku,ski, a. Hard, solid, com- 
pact, firm, tight, close ; strict, moral, 
severe ; hard to do, difficult. Deki-ga- 
tai^ hard to do. 

Katai, n. A beggar. 

Kata-iji, n. Obstinate, stubborn, chur- 

Kata-iki, n. Gasping for breath, out of 

Kata-inaicv, n. Remote country, far 
away inland. 

Kataippo, or Katappo. One of a pair, 
one side. 

Kata-ji, n. Hard ground, hard or solid 
in texture. 

KATAjiKENAi,-/^/,-/^«,-.r/%z, a. Thankful, 
much obliged. » 

Kata-kan.a., n. A kind of Japanese writ- 
ten character. 

KATiKARi,-r»,-/'ifa, /. V. To be hard, 

Kata-kata. One of a pair, one side. 

Kata-kawa, n. One side. 

Kataki, n. Enemy, adversary, foe. 

Kataki-uchi, n. Slaying an enemy in 

Kata-koto, n. Provincialism, vulgar 

Kataku, adv. Hard, rigid, solid, com- 
pact, firm, tight, strict, moral, severe, 
difficult. — j«rz/, to harden. 

Kata-kuchi, n. One side of an argu- 
ment, the statement of one party. 

Kataku-na, a. Obstinate, stubborn, 
headstrong, bigoted. 

KATA-KURUSHii,-/^i,-,4r?^, a. Ovei strict 
in manner, rigid or severe in temper, 
severely, exact, stiff in manner, formal. 

KATAMARi,-r«,-//a, /. V. To become 
hardened, solidified, coagulated, con- 
densed ; to be obdurate, confirmed, 
fixed, obstinately bent on, bigoted. 

[6 KAT 

Katamari, n. A hard lump, a tumor, 

Kata.mashii,->^z',-^«. Depraved, aban- 
doned, unprincipled. 

KATAME,-rv<,-/a, /. V. To harden, to 
make solid, strong, firm, or secure ; to 
fortify, strengthen, to defend, to guard ; 
to congeal, solidify. 

Katame, n. Promise, agreement, word 
of honor, pledge, vow. 
I Katame, n. A guard. 
; Kata-sie, ;/. One eye, single eye. 
' Katami, n. A basket. 

Katami, n. A memento or present made 
to a friend on taking a journey, or dy- 

Katami-ni, adv. Together, mutually. 

Kata-mi, 71. One side of the body, half 
of the body. 

Kata-mi, n. Shoulders and body, (fig.) 
of one's bearing, carriage ; as, — ga 
semai^ to appear abashed, sheepish. — 
ga hiroi., to be bold, manly. 

K.\ta-michi. One way, of either going 
or returning. 

KATAMUKE,-r«,-i'a!, t. V. To incline, to 
bend to one side, to make lean over ; 
overthrow, subvert. 

Katamuki.-,^«,-?V«, i. V. To be inclined 
to one side, bent over, to lean over ; to 
careen, to decline. 

Katana, «. A sword, knife. Ko-gatafia, 
a small knife, penknife. — tio ka, the 
edge of a sword. — >20 jnune. the back 
of a sword. — 7io tni, the blade of a 
sword. — no kisaki\ the point of a 
sword. — no tsuka , the hilt of a sword. 
— 710 tsuba., the guard of a sword. — 
no say a., the scabbard of a sword. — 
7ii /ton., two swords. 

Katana-kake, 71. A sword-rack. 

Katana-kidzu, 71. A sword-cut. 

Katana-togi, 71. A sword sharpener. 

Ka-t.^n. To take part with, to side with, 
to confederate with, to join, help. 

KATANUGi,-^«,-zVa, z. V. To bear or 
uncover one shoulder. 

Kata-ochi, 71. Inclining to one side; 
partiality, bias. 

Kata-omoi, «. One-sided attachment, 
love on one side and not reciprocated. . 

Kata-omote, 71. One face, or surface 
of anything that has two ; half the face, 
a single face. 

Kata-ova, «. One parent, the other 
being dead. 

Katappira, n. One side, surface, or 

KATARAi,-^,-rt//tf , i. V. To converse to- 
gether, to consult together ; to talk 
with in order to gain over. 



Katarai, n. Conversation, consults 

YLat A^i,-ru,-ttd. To talk, tell, to sing 
in a recitative mahner, to chant. 

KATARi,-r2<,-if^rt, t. V. To impose on by 
false representations, to dupe, to ex- 
tort money by trickery, to defraud. 

Katari, n. False representation or pre- 
tence, imposition, fraud, extortion. 

Katari-mOiNO, ?i. An impostor, pretend- 
er, swindler, knave, sharper. 

Kata-sagari, ti. The slope of one side 
of a hill ; hanging down on one 

Kata-shiki,->^?<, a. Spread out on one 

KATASHiME,-r?^,-/«, caust. ol Kachi. To 
make or cause another to conquer. 

Katashiro, n. An effigy, image, or 

Kata-sumi, n. One corner, or angle. 

Kata-te, n. One hand, a single hand. 

Kata-toki, {Itett ski). A short time, 
little while. 

Katatsumuri, «. A snail, 

Katawa, n. Maimed, crippled, de- 

Katawara, n. One side. — m\ by the 
way, besides, according to others. 

Kata-ware, ft. Divided into halves. — 
dzu/ci, half-moon. 

Katave, «. Side. 

}LATA\'ORi,-ru,-iia, t. V. To go to one 
side, to incline or lean to one side, to 
be biased, partial, prejudiced. 

Katayuki. n. The measure of a coat 
from the central seam on the back to 
the end of the sleeve. 

Katchiu, (yoroi kabutoi) n. Helmet 
and coat of mail, armor, panoply, 

Kate, n. Provision, food. 

KATE,-r?/,-^rt, pot. mood oi Kachi. Can 
conquer, can overcome. Katenu, can- 
not overcome. 

Katodo, n. One of the same side or 
party, second, abettor, confederate, 

Ka-toku, n. Inheritance, heritage, — 
including the family name, business, 
and estate. 

Katsu, 71. A mallet, or pestle for pound- 
ing rice in a large wooden mortar. 

Katsu, n. Thirst. 

Katsu, adv. Moreover, besides, further- 
more, again. Katsu odoroki katsu 
katidzuru^ one while alarmed and then 

Katsu-datsu, Of quick discernment, 
prompt and decided in action, straight- 
forward, frank, shrewd. 

KATSUGAR^,-r?<,-i'a, pass, of Katsugu. 

To be carried on the shoulder ; to be 
made a fool of, hoaxed. 
KATSUGASE,-r«,-i;a, caust. of Katsugu. 
To make or let carry on the shoulder, 
to put on the shoulder of another. 
KATSUGi,-^«,-/V2'ii, t. V. To carry on the 
shoulder, to shoulder; to befool, hoa.x; 
to be superstitious. 

Katsugi, 71. A hawker or pedler of 
wares about the streets. 

Katsugi, «. A bonnet or veil worn by 

Katsu-mata, adv. Again, besides, more- 
over, also, 

Katsu-mei, {uye jini,) «. Death from 
thirst, or starvation. 

Katsuo, w. The Bonito. 

Katsuobushi, 71. The flesh of the Bonito 
dried and smoked. 

Katsu-o-gi, n. The wooden frame 
placed on the top of a Sintoo tem- 

Katsura-otoko, 71. The man in the 

Katsute, adv. Before, previously, for- 
merly, once, Katsute 7tas/ii., never, 
never before. 

Katsuyakashi,-jm,-M, caust. of Katsu- 
yeru. To starve, to cause another to 

KATSU.YE,-r«,-2f«, i. V. To be hungry, 
to starve, to suffer for want of food or 
water. Katsitye-jitii., starved to death. 

Kattai, 7t. The leprosy. 

Katte, 7t. Convenience, agreeable mode, 
way or manner. yilm>i 7ii — skidai., 
at your own convenience. 

Katte, «. A kitchen. — guchi, kitch- 
en door. 

Kattekata, «. Convenience, means, 

Kattemuki, 7t. Property, funds, means ; 
convenience. — ga yoi, convenient, 
— ga warui, inconvenient. 

Kavva,«, Side, row. _ 

Kavva, 71. Skin, peel, rind, bark ; leather, 
hide, furs, 

Kavva, «. A river. 
AWA-BAKAMA, «. Breeches made of 
leather or furs, 

Kawa-baori, 7t. Leather or fur coat. 

Kavva-bata, 71. River bank. 

Kawabe, 7t. River bank or vicinity of a 

Kawa-b6, «, A leather-dresser, 

Kawa-bukuro, 71. A leather bag. 

Kavvadzu, n. A frog. 

Kawa-dzukin, «. A leather or fur cap. 

Kawa-fune, «. A river-boat. _ 

Kawa-gari, 7t. Fishing in a river. 

Kawa-gishi,- n. The steep bank of a 




Kawago, n. A box, or trunk made of 

bamboo, or of leather. 
Kawa-goromo, n. A fur or leather robe ; 

fur clothes. 
Kawa-guchi, n. The mouth of a river. 
Kawa-gutsu, «. Leather shoes. 
Kawa-hagi, n. A person who makes a 

living by picking up things that he 

finds in the water, stripping dead 

bodies of their clothing and things 

found on their persons. 
K.AWAi,-iz,-ku,-s/tz\ a. Lovable, darling, 

dear ; pretty, beautiful, sweet ; sad, 

'KA\VAiGARi,-ru,~aiia, t. v. To love, to 

feel kindly towards. 
KAWAiR.\SHH,-/i-/,-/&«, a. Darling, lovely, 

pretty, beautiful, sweet. 
Kawaiso, a. That which excites pity or 

kind feelings ; lamentable, cruel. 
Kawa-k.aburi, n. Phimosis. 
Kawa-kami, n. Up the river, upper 

part of the river. 
KAWAKASHi,-j?/,-^fl;, t. V. To dry, to 

exsiccate, desiccate. 
Kawaki, «. Thirst. 
KAWAKi,-4r«,-zVa, i. V. To be dry, arid, 

Kawa-oso, «. An otter. 
Kawara, n. A tile. 
Kawara, n. That part of the stony bed 

of a river which is dry, except in high 

Kawara-buki, n. Roofed with tiles. 
Kawara-gama, n. A tile kiln. 
Kawarake, h. Unglazed earthenware. 
Kawara-mono, «. A play-actor. 
KAWARASE,-r«,-2'a, caust. of Kaxuaru. 

To change, to put one in the place of 

another, to exchange, lo substitute. 
Kawara-shi, n, A maker, or manufac- 
turer of tiles. 
Kawara-va, n. A shop where tiles are 

K.\wara-yane, «. A tile roof. 
K.AWARi^-ru,-^a, i. v. To be changed, 

exchanged, substituted ; put in the 

place of another ; altered, transformed 

into something else ; new, strange. 
Kaw ARi, /;. A substitute, in the place 

of, instead of. 
Kawari-ban-te, n. An alternate. — 

«/, alternately. 
Kawaru-gawaru, adv. By turns, alter- 
KAWASE,->'?/,-^a, caust. of kau. To 

cause, order or let another buy. 
Kawase, n. Exchange ; exchange-office 

or bank ; drawing a bill of exchange. 

— tegata^ a bill of exchange. — kata^ 

a banker, exchanger. 

Kawase, n. The rapids of a river, a 
swift current. 

Kawase.mi, n. A king-fisher. 

KAWASHi,-jM,-^rt, t. V. To exchange, to 
give and receive reciprocally, to shift or 
change one's place. 

KAWA-SHiiMO, «, Down the river, the 
lower part of the river. 

K^vwA-SHiRi, n. The lower part or mouth 
of a river. 

Kawa-suji, n. The course of a river. 

Kawata, n. A tanner, leather-dresser. 

Kawa-take, n. A prostitute, harlot. 

K/VWataro, n. Same as Kappa. 

KavvA-va, n. A leather-dresser, or 
leather store. 

Kawava, n. A privy, back-house. 

Kawa-yanagi, n. River-willow. 

Kawa-voke, n. A break-water, to pro- 
tect the banks of a river from the cur- 

KAVvAvui,-/t/,-/^«,-vyA/, a. . Beloved, dear, 
lovely, darling. 

Kaya, n. A kind of rush, much used in 
thatching roofs. 

Kaya, n. Musquito net. 

Kaya, comp. of Ka^ and Fa, a particle 
of interrogation and doubt. Nan to 
kaya mdshimashita ga vjasureta^ I 
have forgotten what he said. 

Kaya-buki, n. Thatched with rush. 

Kaya-ji, 71. The stuff of which mus- 
quito nets are made. 

Ka-yari-bi, n. A smoke made to keep 
off musquitoes. 

KAYE,-r?<,-^rt', t. V. To exchange, change 
one thing for another, to change, alter, 
to substitute. Mi ni kayete kito -wo 
01710., to feel for others as if it were 
one's self. Ido wo — , to clean a well. 

Kayebushi, 71. A smoke made to keep 
off musquitoes. 

Kaye-buta, n. An inside cover or lid, 
as of a box. 

Kaye-dashi,-jm,-^«, t. V. To dip out, 
bale out. 

Kayede. a species of maple. 

Kaye-na, n. Another or different name, 
a false name. 

Kayeri, 7t. The barb of a hook or ar- 

KAYERi,-r7<,-j?/a, i. v. To return, to 
Come or go back ; often joined to the 
roots of other verbs to intensify their 
meaning. Niye-kayerii, to boil hard. 

KAYERi,-r«,-/^a, /. V. To be hatched — 
as an egg. 

Kayeri-chiu, n. Return to loyalty or 
fidelity and turning informer. 

Kayeri-gake-ni, adv. On returning, on 
the way back. 


Kayeri-goto (Jienji)^ n. An answer, re- 
ply, response. 

KAYERi-Mi,-r«,-^«, t. V. To look back, 
to take a retrospect, to reflect on, con- 
sider ; to regard, mind, care for. Ka- 
yerz-midz2i, neg. to disregard, not car- 
ing for. 

Kayeri-mode, n. Visiting a temple to 
return thanks for favors received. 

Kayeri-uchi, n. The killing of the 
avenger of one previously slain by the 
same person ; to have anj'thing in- 
tended for another revert upon one's 

Kaveru, n. A frog. 

KAVESHi,-i-z<,-i?rt, t. V. To return, to send 
back, restore, repay, requite, recom- 
pense, to revenge. 

KAYESHi,-j«,-/a, t. V. To hatch eggs. 

KAYESHi,-.s-«,-^a, t. V. To spell, to form 
one syllable by syncope from the first 
and last sounds of two others. 

Kayesu-gavesu, adv. Again and again, 
repeatedly, over and over again. 

Kayeite, adv. In return, on the con- 
trary, on the other hand, vice versa ; 
rather, better. 

Kayo, adv. Thus, so, in this way, this 
manner, this kind. 

KAYOi,-(5,-(5^rt, i. z>. To go and come, to 
pass to and fro, to pass along or through ; ! 
to circulate, to frequent. 

Kayoi, 71. A pass-book ; passing to and 
fro, passage, intercommunication, cir- 

Kavoi-bitsu, n. A box used for sending 
things to and fro. 

Kayoi-cho, n. A merchant's pass-book. 

Kayoi-guchi, n. A door for passing in 
and out. 

Kayo\vai,-/^/,-/^w,-.9/«z', a. Weak, feeble, 

K.\\'o\w.\sn\-su.,-ta, i. v. To transmit, 
to send backwards and forwards, to in- 
terchange, reciprocate. 

Kayu, n. Rice gruel, congee. 

KAYUGARi,-r?^,-2'/«, i. V. To have the 
sensation of itching, to be always 

KAYui,-/^/,-/tr«,-j>^z, a. Itching, an itchy 

Kaza, n. Smell, odor. 

Kaza-ana. n. Air-hole, vent. 

Kaza-goye, «. A voice altered by a cold 
in the head. 

Kaza-gusuri, n. Medicine for a cold. 

K.A.ZA-GURUMA, n. A toy made of a pa- 
per wheel turned by the wind ; a wind- 

K.^-ZAi, n. Household furniture, family 
effects or property. 

19 KEB 

Kaza-kami, n. Windward, the quarter 
from which the wind blows. 

Kaza-kiri-ba, n. The long feathers in 
the wing of a bird. 

Kaza-mi, 71. A wind vane. 

Kaz.\-nami, n. The state of the wind. 
— %va ikaga., how is the wind ? 

KAZARASE,-r«,-^«, cans, of kazaru. To 
cause another to be adorned or orna- 

ILhZh^x^-ru.rti^i t- ^- To ornament, 
embellish, adorn, deck, decorate ; to 
gloss, palliate, or varnish over. 

KAZARi,-r2<,-^i'rt, /. V. To strike the 
hand against anything in passing. 

Kazari, 77. An ornament, decoration, 

Kazari-shi, «. A jeweller. 

KAZARi-TSUKE,-r?/,-i'/'«, /. V. To Orna- 
ment, embellish, adorn ; decorate, deck; 
to gloss over, or palliate. 

Kazari-ya, 71. Jeweller's shop. 

K.\ZASHi.,-su,-ta, t. V. To stick, in the 
hair ; to hold so as to screen off the sun 
or to shade, to hold the arm or hand 
before the face so as to ward off a blow. 

Kaza-shimo, 71. Leeward, in the direc- 
tion to which the wind blows. 

Kara-yoke, «. A wind screen, or some- 
thing to keep off the wind. 

Kaze, 71. The wind. 

Kaze-jirushi, n. A flag for showing the 
direction of the wind, a vane. 

Kaze-shita, n. Leeward. 

Ka-z6 (iye kitra), it. Property, anything 
which a person owns or keeps in a 

Ka-z6. Increasing or adding to the 

Ka-zoku, n. Family, all the members 
of a family. 

KAZOVE,-r?<,-^«, t. V. To count, num- 
ber, to reckon, enumerate, calculate, 

KAZOYE-KiRi,-r«,-^/«, t. V. To finish 
counting. Kazoye-kira7iu., innume- 
ble, cannot be computed. 

KAZOYE-TATE,-r?/,-Z'«, t. V. To count 
up, to enumerate, reckon up. 

Ke. 71. A line, ruled line. — wo hiku., 
to rule or draw a line. 

Ke, 71. Hair, fur, the small feathers of a 

KE-AGE,-^«,-^a, t. V. To send up with 
a kick, to kick up. 

Ke-ai, n. A cock-fight. 

Ke-ana, «. The pores of the skin. 

Kk-awase, -r7e,-ta, t. v. To fight cocks. 

KEBADACHi,-!f.y?<,-/^rt, i. ZK To be rough 
and nappy, frizzed, as cloth or paper ; 
to be fuzzy, wooly, villous. 


Ke-biki, n. The fine lines ruled on pa- 
per for writing. 

Kebiki-Gami, n. Ruled paper. 

Ke-biy6, n. Feigned sickness. — luo 
tsukau, to feign sickness. 

Ke-bori, n. Fine hair lines in an en- 

Kebuna, a. Strange, odd, suspicious. 

Ke-buri, tt. Appearance, behaviour, 
manner, conduct. 

Keburi, «. Smoke, same as Keviuri. 

Kebutai. See Kemiitai. 

Kechi. Stingy, miserly, mean, cowardly, 

Kechi-mivaku {c/iisuj'i), n. Lineage, 
family line, descendants. 

KE-CHiRASHi,-ja,-^a, /. v. To kick and 
scatter about. 

Kedai. Negligent, idle, lazy, careless, 
indolent. — sitru, to be idle. 

Ke-dakai,--^/,--^?^-^^/, a. High-spirited, 
noble, high-minded, dignified. 

Kedamono, n. An animal, quadruped, 

Kedashi, conj. It is probable, is likely, 

Kedatamashii,-/^?',-^?/, a . Crying out 
in alarm, screaming in sudden 

Kedo. — sitru^ to convert, to bring into 
the way of salvation. 

Kedo {tittchi 7ii hiki-irertt). To con- 
vert and lead into the right way. 

'K.'EDom^-ru-tta^ t. v. To suspect, to 

Ke-dzuki, n. The color of the hair. 

Ke-dzume, n. The small horny projec- 
tion above a horse's hoof ; the spur of 
a cock. 

Ke-dzuna, n. A rope made of hair. 

KEDZURi.-r?^,-^/^, /. v. To plane, shave, 
cut, scrape, to comb. 

Kega, n. A wound, hurt, injury, dam- 
age, accident. 

KEGARAWASHii,-yt/,->^«, a. Dirty, pol- 
luted, unclean, obscene. 

KEG.\RE,-r?<,-^«, z. V. To be defiled, 
unclean, polluted, foul. 

Kegare, n. Impurity, defilement, pol- 
lution, uncleanness. 

Kegashi,-j«,-/'«, t. V. To pollute, to 
corrupt, vitiate, defile, make foul or 
unclean, deprave. 

Ke-gi, n. Common clothes, every day 

Kegiwa, n. The edge or border of the 

Kegoromo, n. Fur coat, fur clothes. 
KE-GUSAi,-,t/,-^M, a. Smelling of burnt 

Ke-gutsu, n. Fur shoes. 

20 KEI 

KE-HANASHi,-j?<,-^a, /. V. To kick open, 
apart, or asunder. 

Ke-hawaki, n. A hair brush. 

Ke-i. Strange, suspicious. 

Kei, n. A kind of gong, used in Bud- 
dhist temples. 

Kei, n. Landscape, view, scenery. 

Kei-an, n. An agency or intelligence 
office for hiring servants, etc. 

Kei-b.'\, n. A horse race. 

Kei-batsu, n. Punishment. — suru^ 
to punish a criminal. 

Kei-betsu. — suru, to despise, con- 

Kei-bo, «. Step-mother. 

Kei-b6, n. Bed-chamber. 

Kei-butsu, «. Premium, reward, or prize 
won by competition ; presents made to 
customers on opening a new store. 

Kei-dzu, n. Genealogical table ; family 

Kei-fu, n. Step-father. 

Kei-ga, {yorokobi iivau^ n. Congratu- 


, felic 

Kei-gi, (liakari-goto^ n. A plan, scheme, 
device. — J7<r?/, to plan. 

Kei-go, ?t. A guard, watch, sentry. — 
710 hei, a guard of soldiers. 

Kei-haku. False-hearted, perfidious, 
double-faced, insincere, hypocritical. 

Kei-hei, n. Amenorrhoea. 

Kei-h6, {tsuini no okite)^ n. Criminal 
laws, laws relating to the punishment 
of criminals. 

Kei-ho-ji-mu-kivoku, n. The board of 
punishment in the imperial Govern- 

Kei-j6, (tndshi agerii)^ — suru, to in- 
form, advise, communicate. 

Kei-ju, (ka7-ui otnoi.) Light and heavy. 

Kei-ken. To prove, to try or experi- 
ment. Yamai wo — , to experiment 
with medicine in the cure of disease. 

Kei-KI, n. Appearance, air ; looks of a 
place as respects trade, business or 
trade. Fii-keiki, to have a dull, thrift- 
less appearance. 

Kei-ko. a lesson, practising, drilling, 
exercising, in order to learn. — suru, 
to practise, exercise, learn. 

Kei-k6, 71. The menses. 

Keiko-ba, «. A place for drilling or ex- 
ercising, a fencing school, school-room, 
a drill-room. 

Kei-kotsu. Light, trifling, careless. 

Kei-kuwanso, «. The cockscomb, — Ce- 
losia Cristata. 

Kei-mei, n. Cock-crowing. 

Kei-ran, {ni-watori no tatnago^ n. A 

Kei-reki. The lapse or passage of time. 

KEI 12 

Tabi ivo — suru^ to pass the time in 

Kei-ren, n. Convulsions, spasms. 

Kei-riku, n. Capital punishment. 

Kei-riyaku, n. A plan, device, scheme. 

Kei-saku, n. A plan, device, strata- 

Kei-shi, n. Cinnamon, Cassia. 

Kei-shi, n. Miyako. The capital. 

Kei-shin, n. Cassia buds. 

Kei-shitsu, n. A second wife. 

Kei-sho. Little, small, trifling in quan- 
tity or value. 

Kei-shoku, n. View, scenery, prospect. 

Kei-shu, {/una-gisoi ,) n, A boat-race. 

Kei-sui, n. Menses. 

Kei-tei, {kiyodai), «. Brethren, older 
and younger brothers. 

Kei-t6, n. Cock's comb, Celosia Cris- 

Kei-vaku, n. A covenant, an agree- 
ment, promise. — siiru. 

Kei-vei, «. An escort, guard. — suru^ 
to guard, to escort. 

Kei-yei. — j«r«, to build, construct. 

Kei-y6, n. Form, figure, appearance, 
representation, metaphor. — surii^ to 
represent, imitate or personify, — 
shite iu^ to speak figuratively or meta- 

Kei-v6-shi, 71. An adjective. 

Kei-zai, «. Fiscal, or financial matters. 
— gaku., political economy. 

Kejime, n. Difference, distinction. 

Kejirami, «. A louse that infests the 

KE-KAKE,-r«,-^a, /. V. To kick, or 
splash about with the feet. 

KE-KAYESHi,-j?<,-/a, t. V. To kick back. 

Kekka, n. Belonging to the court, — 
now used as a title to foreign ministers, 
= your or his excellency. 

Kekki. The heat, spirits, glow, vehe- 
mence, or ardor of youth. 

Kekko. Fine, splendid, excellent, beau- 
tiful, grand, delicious, delightful. 

Kekku, C071J. On the contrary, rather, 

KE-KO.Mi,-;«2<!,-«a''«, t. V. To kick into. 

Ke-mari, 71. A foot-ball. 

Kem-beki, 7t. A place on the back of 
the shoulder above the spine of the 
scapula, where the moxa is applied. 

Kem-betsu-ni, adv. House by house, 
to each house. 

Kembikiyo, w. a microscope. 

Kem-biyo, m. a small ornamental screen, 
made of stone, porcelain, or wood. 

Kem-b6, «. A disease charrcterized by 
loss of memory. 

Kem-bun, {7/tz-wakeru,) n. Official ex- 


[ KEN 

amination or inspection. — surn.^ to 
examine, inspect. 

Kem-butsu, «. Seeing, looking at for 
recreation or curiosity, sight-seeing. 

Kemi. — suru,, to look-over, review, 
read, inspect, examine. 

Ke-miy6, {kari 7io «a,) w. A nickname, 
false name. 

Kem-mi, {arataTfie tnirtf^ n. Inspec- 
tion, examination. — especially of the 
rice crop ; an inspector, judge. 

Kem-mon. — sunt, to see and hear. 
Ke7ii-77iO}t rokii, a book in which what 
one sees and hears is noted down. 

Ke-mono. An animal, beast. 

Kem-paku, 71. A memorial, memoran- 
dum, an opinion or view upon public or 
other matters offered to government. 

Kem-p6, 71. The rules of fencing. \ 

Kem-p6, 71. Law, edict, regulation. 

Kemponashi, 71. The Hovenia Dulcis. 

Kem-pu, 71. A general name for silk and 
cotton cloth. 

KEMUi,-/^?,-/t«,-j/iz, a. Smoky, offen- 
sive from smoke, emitting much smoke. 

Kemuri, 71. Smoke ; vapor. 

Kemuri-dashi, «. A chimney, stove- 

Ke-mushi, ft. A kind of hairy caterpil- 

Ke-mushiro, «. A rug, or mat made of 
wool or fur. 

KEMUTAi,-/fez,-/^i/,-.f/iz', a. Smoky, disa- 
agreeable on account of smoke. 

Ken, 71. The imperial domain, or that 
territory which is under the direct gov- 
ernment of the Mikado. AV«-r^z, the 
chief civil officer of a Ken. Ke7i-chd., 
the government office of a KeTt. 

Ken, It. A sword, Teppo 7io — , a bayo- 

Ken, {kewaskii). A precipice, steep. 

Ken, 71. A measure of length, of six Ja- 
panese feet, = 71 1-2 inches English, an 
area of six feet square. 

Ken. Numeral in counting houses. lye 
ikkeii., one house. lye 7ii ke7t., two 

Ken, II. Power, authority, influence. 

Ken. Intelligent, clever, wise, prudent, 
virtuous. — sha., a wise man. Keii- 
gUy wise and stupid. 

Ken. «. The fist ; a game played with 
the hands. 

Kenage. Gallant, spirited, heroic, bold, 
brave, noble. — jrt, bravery, heroism. 

Kenarii,-/&z',-/&2^ a. Enviable, that which 
one would like to be, or be like. Ke- 
7iar2-garasu, to excite envy or desire 
of others, to tantalize. 

Kenashi,-jz^,-/«, ^. V. To speak lightly 


or contemptously of, to contradict, 
den)- ; to depreciate. 

Ken-CHI, «. Measuring, or survej'ing 
land. — yaku. a government surveyor. 
— cho^ a book in which surveys are 

Ken-dai, n. A book rest, or stand. 

Ken-don. Close, stingy, miserly, covet- 
ous ; cruel, inhuman, hard-hearted. 

Ke-nen, {kokoro ni kakerti). — suru^ 
to be concerned or anxious about, have 
on the mind. 

Ken-gen, n. A petition or memorial ad- 
dressed to government. 

Ken-gi, n. Opinion or views upon some 
subject in dispute or under debate. — 
.■wo suru^ to make an address on a dis- 
puted point. 

Ken-giu, «. _ The herdboy,— the name 
of a star in Aquila near the milky 

Ken-giu-kuwa, n. The morning glory. 

Ken-go, {katai-kataku.) Strong, firm, 
secure, safe, well-fortified, strict, rigid, 
severe, correct ; firm in principle. 

Ken-i, n. Power, authority, dignity. 

ILK's^i^-dzuru ^-tci. To present, offer or 
give to a superior. 

Ken-jo. — j?/r?/, to present to a supe- 
rior. — mono, a present to a superior. 

Ken-jutsu, n. The art of fencing, sword 

Ken-kuwa, n. A quarrel, fight. — sum, 
to quarrel, or fight. 

Ken-nan, n. A sword wound, or calam- 
ity caused by the sword. 

Ken-nomi, n. A scolding, abuse, a set- 
ting down, reprimand. — wo kutta, 
to catch a scolding. 

Kennon, n. Danger, hazard ; timid, 

Ken-nun, n. Dizziness, vertigo. — su- 
ru, to become dizzy. 

Kenshi, «. An inspector, or officef sent 
to see and report to government upon 

Kany matter. 

Ken-satsu, {to7-i shiraberii). — suru, 
to investigate, examine or inquire into. 

Ken-shi, (kabane ivo viiru), n. Coro- 
ner, one who makes an official inquest, 
or who inspects and certifies to a 

Ken-shiki, n. Erudition, knowledge, 

Ken -so, n. Steep, precipitous. 

Ken-son. Humble ; to humbly excuse 
or depreciate one's self. — stiru, to be 

Ken-su, n. Number of houses, or num- 
ber oi ken in length. 

Ken-tai, {kane tsutoviuru). Discharg- 

2 KES 

ing the duties of two different offices at 
the same time. 

Ken-tai. To be humble. 

Kentaka. Arrogant, overbearing. 

Ken-t6, n. Aim. — sum, to take aim 
at, to take sight. 

Ken-tsuku. Scolding, reprimand, rat- 
ing. — wo kutta, to catch a scolding. 

Ke-nuki, n. Hair tweezers. 

Ken-yaku, n. Economy, saving in ex- 
penses. — nam, economical, saving, 

Ken-yaku, n. A previous agreement, 
covenant, or promise. 

Ken-y6, 71. Using anything for two pur- 
poses or between two persons, using 
anything in addition to something else. 

Ken-y6. a boil on the perineum. 

Ken-zao, n. A measuring pole, or rod. 

Ken-zen, adv. Manifestly, clearly, eri- 

Ken-zoku, n. Members of one's family, 
household, — including servants or re- 

Ke-ori, «. Hair-cloth. 

KEOSARE,-r?/,-2'«, /. V. To be thrown 
into the back-ground by the surpassing 
excellence of something else, to be 
thrown into the shade. 

Keppaku-na, a. Clean, free from defile- 
ment or impurity, honest, upright, 
open-hearted, frank. 

Keppan. Sealed with blood. — sum, 
to seal with blood. 

Kera, n. A cricket. 

Kerai, n. The vassal of a noble, ser- 
vant, retainer. 

Keraku. Happy, joyful, light-hearted. 

Keredomo, conj. Although, but, still, 

Keri, keru. An auxiliary verb whose 
forms are used as suffixes to form the 
moods and tenses of other verbs. 

Y>.^^\,-ru,-tta, t. V. To kick, to strike 
with the foot. 

Kesa, adv. This morning. 

Kesa, n. A scarf worn by Buddhist 
priests across the shoulder. 

Kes.^n, «. A paper-weight. 

Keshaku-bara, n. The elder son of a 
family, but born of a concubine, who 
cannot inherit the estate if there is a 
son born of the trUe wife. 

Y^K?,Hi,-su,-ta, t. V. To extinguish, ef- 
face, put out, erase. 

Keshi, n. The poppy. 

Keshi-dzumi, «. The unburnt cinders 

KESHi-KAKE,-r«,-^«, t. V. To Set on, in- 
cite, instigate. 

Keshikar.\nu, a. Improper, extraordin- 



ary, unbecoming ; strange, outrage- 

Keshiki, 71. Landscape, scenery, view, 
appearance, show, sign, expression of 

Ke-Shin, {baketani vii), ?i. Transform- 
ation, transfiguration, incarnation. 

Keshi-ningivo, ft. Very small figures 
of men, used as toys. 

Keshirai, n. Appearance, sign, indica- 
tion, symptom. 

Ke-sh6, n. Adorning the face with 
white powder and rouge. — wo suru. 
Keshobeya^ a dressing-room. 

Kesh6-no-mono, 11. A being — general- 
ly a woman or child — into which a fox 
or badger transforms itself in order to 
bewitch people. 

Ke-s6, (^wi<7/ wo kakeru.) — suru., to 
lust after, to love. 

Keso-bumi, n. A love-letter. 

Kesokudai, n. A flower-stand in tem- 

Kessai, n. Abstaining from flesh or fish, 
in devotional purification. 

Kesseki, ?i. Failing to take one's seat 
in an assembly, absent from one's seat. 

KESSHi,-j«rz^,-/rt; {kimeru), t. v. To 
decide, determine. 

KESSHii-j^^rw,-/^, /. V. To be consti- 

Kesshin, {kokoro wo tori kimeru)., n. 
Decision of mind, determination, reso- 
lution. — suru., to be resolved, decid- 

Kesshite, adv. Positively, certainly, 

Kessho. — suru^ to confiscate, or seize 
the property of a person for crime com- 

Keta, n. The cross-beams of a roof or 
bridge ; the reeds of an abacus. Hoge- 
ta^ the yards of a sail. 

Keta, a. Square. 

Ketabo, n. The yards of a sail. 

Ketai, n. — ga warui., unlucky, un- 
fortunate ; strange, queer ; suspicious. 
— na hito. 

KE-TAOSHi,-i-?<,-i'«, t. V. To kick over, 
to kick down anything standing. 

KE-TATE,-^«,-/a, t. V. To kick up. 

Ketchaku, — suru., to decide, to fix, 
settle, determine, {adv.) positively. 

KE-TOBASHi,-i'«,-/a, t. V. To cause to 
fly up by kicking. 

Ke-t6-jin, n. Hairy foreigners, a word 

of Ci 


Ketsu-dan, n. Decision, determina- 
tion, final judgment. — suru., to de- 
cide, determine, judge. 

Ketsu-ji, n. The space left blank in 

writing, before the names of the 
Ketsu-j6, n. Fixed, settled, determined, 

sure. — j-?/?-K, to determine. 
Ke-tsumadzuki,-/^z<,-zVi;i. /. V. To stum- 
ble, trip, or strike the foot against any- 
Ketsu-maku, n. The conjunctiva. 
Ketsu-niku, n. Flesh and blood. 
Ketsu-rin, «. Hocmaturia, bloody ur- 
Ketto, n. Family line, lineage, natural 

descent, consanguinity. 
Ke-u. Rare, strange, wonderful, re- 
markable. — 7ia koto., a strange affair. 
Kevvai. — suru, to dress, adorn one's 

self, adjust one's dress. 
Kewai, n. Sign, indication, appear- 
Kewai-jo, n. A dressing-room. 
Kewashii,-,^;,-/^«, a. Steep, precipi- 
tous ; hasty, hurried, urgent, arduous, 
Kevaki, «. The name of a tree. 
Ke-vaki, n. Singing the feathers of a 

fowl, or hair of a horse. — suru. 
Ki, «. A tree, wood. 
Ki, ?t. The spirit, temper, feeling; mind, 
heart, disposition ; inclination ; vapor, 
exhalation. — ni iru., to accord with 
one's mind, to like. — ni iranu, to 
dislike, does not suit. — ni naru., to 
be anxious, concerned. — ni katiati, 
to suit one's fancy, to be agreeable. — 
wotsukeru., to take care, heed, mind. 
Ki, n. Yellow. 
Ki, n. Odd number. Ki-gU., odd and 

even. — su., odd numbers. 
Ki. Strange, extraordinary, wonderful, 
Kinaru., strange. Ki-bo, a wonderful 
device. Ki-butsu., an extraordinary 
thing, curiosity. Ki-dzui., a strange 
omen, or phenomenon. — AV-z', strange, 
wonderful. Ki-kiiwai na., monstrous, 
audacious Ki-sai., wonderful abili- 
Ki, n. Circumstances, opportunity. — 
ni ddzuru, to avail one's self of circum- 
Ki, n. A space of twelve years. Ikkiy 

one period ot twelve years. 
Ki. Numeral for horsemen. Ikki., one 
horseman. Ikkigaki wo suru., to ride 
out alone. 
Ki. — suru, to return, go back, revert ; 
to belong to, to be the prerogative of, 
pertain to ; to be connected with. Ki- 
chaku, returning. Ki-han, a return 
ship. Ki-kiyo, returning to one's 
country. Ki-koku, id. Ki-kuwa, 
changing one's allegiance. Ki-raku, 


returning tp Miyako. Ki-ro^ the road 
back. Kisan^ come back, return. 
Ki-taku^ returning to one's house. 

Ki, (tattoki)^ a. Noble, honorable. Ki- 
7iin^ an honorable person, a man of 
rank. Ki-sen^ noble and ignoble, high 
or low in rank. Ki-kun, you, (.res- 
pectful). Ki-den, Ki-hen^ and Kiko^ 
you, (to inferiors). Ki-sama, id. Ki- 
satsu^ your letter. Kisho^ your house, 

Ki. A measure used in measuring the 
height of horses, a hand, of about five 
Japanese inches or 6 in. English. Ko- 
710 uma wa ya ki yori mo sukoshi oki^ 
this horse is a little more than eight 
hands high. 

Kl, n. A season, quarter of a year. 
Shi-ki^ the four seasons. Ni-ki, the 
the two seasons of spring and fall. 

Ki, kuru^ kita, i. v. To come. Konu^ 
not come. Imp. Koi^ come. Neg. 
imp. A"«r«-«^, don't come. Kaze ga 
futte-kita^ the wind has begun to 
blow. Kite mi nasai^ come and see. 
Hadzukashu natte kuru^ begins to 
feel ashamed. 

'K.i.-kiru-kita^ t. v. To wear, put on 
clothes, to dress. On ivo kiru^ to re- 

Ki, n. History, record, chronicle. Ni~ 
hon-ki^ the history of Japan. — suru, 
to record, chronicle, take a note of. 

Ki-Ai, n. The spirits, feelings. — ga 
ivarui^ to feel bad. 

KiBA, n. A tusk, the canine teeth. 

KiBA, n. A horseman, trooper. 

Ki-BACHi, H. A large wooden bowl. 

KiBAMi,-;««,-«^a, i. z>. To become yel- 
low, to turn yellow. 

KiBiRASHi, n. Dispelling the vapors or 
gloom ; pastime, amusement. 

KiBARi,-r«,-i'/a, /. zf. To force or exert 
one's self to do anything, to strive ; to 
be liberal. 

Ki-BASAMI, n. Shears for pruning 

K.iBAyAi,-ki,-ku,s/ii, a. Excitable, easi- 
ly roused, quick-tempered, high-spir- 

KiBi, «. A species of millet, sorghum. 

KiBrSHii.-/^ /,-/{'«, a. Severe, strict, strin- 
gent, rigid, stern, rigorous. 

KiBiSHO, n. A small tea-pot. 

KiBisu, n. The heel. 

KiBO, ?i. Example, worthy of imitation, 
precedent, pattern ; renown, illustrious 

Ki-BOSEORi,-ru ,-tia, i. v. To be full of 
care, concern or anxiety, usually writ- 
ten Kibone -wo oru. 



KlBUi,-^/,-,^»,-j/«?, a. Sharp, strong, or 
harsh to the taste. 

Ki-BUKU, «. The period of mourning on 
the death of a relative. 

Ki-BUN, ft. The spirits, feelings, state 
of the body. 

Ki-BLRI, n. The shape, trim, or figure 
of a tree. 

_Ki-BURUSHi, n. Old and worn out cloth- 

Ki-BUSAi,-/^/,-,^»,-j^z, a. Solicitous, anx- 
ious, nervous ; apprehensive, diffident, 

Ki-BUSHo. Idle, indolent, lazy. 

Ki-BUTSu, n. A vessel, utensil, furniture, 

KiCHi, a. Lucky, fortunate. 

Ki-CHiGAi. Mental derangement, crazy, 
insane, mad. — tta hito^ a crazy man, 

Ki-CHiu, {iini no uchi). During the 
period of mourning. 

KiCHo, n. A curtain. 

KiCHOMEN, n. A moulding or an orna- 
mental border ; exact, accurate, pre- 
cise, punctual. — 7ta hito. 

Ki-DACHi, n. A wooden long sword. 

Ki-DATE, n. Disposition, temper, spirit. 

Ki-DEN, {shirus/ii tsutaye)^ n. Records, 
history, chronicles. 

KiDo, 71. The orbit of a heavenly body. 

KiDO, 71. A gate in any common thor- 

KiDOBAN, «. A clown or buffoon. 

KiDOKU, 71. Kind, benevolent, philan- 

Ki-DORi, «. Pleasing to the taste, styl- 
ish, neat in fashion. 

KiDORi,-r;<,-z'^<z, 2. v. To act so as to 
please, to be attractive. 

Ki-DoSHi. Always wearing the same 
clothes. — 7ii surii. 

KiDZU, ti. A kind of owl. 

KiDzu, 71. A wound, hurt, a scar, cica- 
trice ; a blemish, defect. 

Ki-Dzui. Selfish, self-willed, one's own 
pleasure or convenience. 

Ki-DZLKAI, 7t. Concern, solicitude, care, 
apprehension, anxiety, fear. 

KiDZUKAVVASHii,-/^?, -,^«, a. Anxious, 
concernedj fearful, solicitous, careful, 

KiDZLKi,-/^«,-/V<z, t. V. To build with 
stones or earth, as a wall, fort^. or castle. 

K1DZUKIG.A.MI, n. A kind of unglazed 

KiDZUMARi,-r«,-i'i'«, i. v. To be under 
restraint, uncomfortable, to feel timid, 
solicitous, or not free and easy. 

KiDZUNA, 7t. Bonds, cords, — only used 




KiDZU-TSUKi,-^«,-zV«, t. V. To wound, 
hurt, to inflict injury. 

KiDZUYOi,-/^/, -/i'?<, - j/i/, a. Resolute, 
stout-hearted, of great fortitude, nerve, 
or endurance. 

Ki-FU, n. Contributions or donations 
made to a temple. — suru^ to contri- 
bute to a temple. 

KiFU, n. The skin or surface of the 

Ki-FU, n. Disposition, temper, idiosyn- 
crasy or temperament of mind. 

Ki-FUDA, n. A wooden ticket, or pass. 

Ki-FUKU. — surii^ to obey, submit, to 
yield, to follow, to look up to, — as 
teacher or authority. 

KiGA, ti. Tasting of wood, woodjr taste. 

Ki-GANE, n. Care, anxiety, or solicitude 
ty please others. 

Ki-GAKUi, -/^z', -^?/, a. Light-hearted, 
sprightly, cheerful, vivacious. 

Ki-GAYE, n. Changing the clothes, a 
change of clothing. 

Ki-GEM, 71. Feeling, spirits, temper, — 
ga luarui^ to feel unwell, out of tem- 
per. Go — yp7-oshu^ farewell, may you 
be in good health, — in parting. Go — 
yoros/iii ka, how do you do? are you 
well? — in meeting. — ivo torn., to 
please, to gratify, to conciliate. Fu — , 
out of humor, ill-temper. 

Ki-GiKU, n. The yellow crysanthemum. 

KiGO.Mi, «. A kind of padded garment 
worn in winter under armor. 

Ki-GU, «. Wooden-ware. 

Ki-GUSHI, n. A wooden comb. 

KiGUSURi-YA, n. A drug store, apothe- 
cary shop. 

Ki-GuvvAN, {inori negau)^ n. Prayer, 

KiGU-YA, n. A seller of wooden-ware. 

KiHADA, n. The inner bark of the hi?io- 
ki\ used as oakum. 

Ki-HEi-TAi, n. A troop of cavalry. 

Ki-i, {anata no oboshimeshi). Your 
honor's opinion or mind. 

Ki-iRO, «. Yellow. 

KiiTAFu, n. A pedant, a pretender to 
learning, a boaster. 

Kiji, 71. A pheasant. 

Ki-ji, n. History, record. 

Ki-ji, n. The nature or quality of 

Ki-jo-NA, a. Resolute, firm, determined, 
of great fortitude. 

KiKAi, n. A machine, instrument, tool, 
utensil, furniture. 

Ki-KAN, (ziye sa7Hu{). Hunger and cold. 

KiKAN, 71. Example for imitation. 

KiKARE,-r«,-/«, pass, and pot. of kiku, 
to be inquired of, to be heard. 

Ki-KASANE,-r«,-/a, /. v. To wear many 
clothes — one over the other. 

KiKASE,-r?<, -ifrt, caust. of Kiku. To 
cause another to hear ; to inform, tell. 

Ki-KATSU, 71. Hunger and thirst. — ni 

Ki-KAYE,-rM,-^«, t. V. To change the 

Ki-icAZARi,-r«,-M, t. V. To adorn with 
fine or gay clothing. 

Ki-KENjo, 71. Heaven, paradise. 

Ki-KETSU, 71. Vital spirits and blood. 

Kijci,--^«,-/«, t. e'., or i. v. To hear, lis- 
ten ; to inquire, to perceive, to grant, or 
permit ; to be efficacious, to have effect, 
power, strength, virtue, or influence ; 
to be clever, acute, expert, or good at. 

KiKi, 7t. The effect, efficacy, influence, 
virtue, strength, clevernesss. 

KiKi-ATE,-rz<,-^«, t. V. To guess by hear- 
ing, to find out by hearing. 

KiKi-AWASE,-rM,-/a, t. V. To inquire and 
find out. 

KiKi-AVAMARi,-r?<,-^/'rt, /. V. To make a 
mistake in heariiig, not to hear cor- 

KiKi-CHiGAi,-a?/,-a2'^<i, /. V. To hear in- 

KiKi-DASHi,-jz<,-z'«, t. V. To find out by 
hearing, or enquiring. 

KiKi-GAKi, 71. A memorandum, or note 
of what one hears. 

KiKi-GAKU, 71. Learning got by hearing, 
learning by the ear. 

KiKi-HADzusHi,-j.v,-/'a, t. V. To miss the 
hearing, to fail to hear. 

KiKi-HATSURi,-rz/,-2'^rt, /. V. To hear in- 
distinctly, to incidentally catch a few 
words of anything said, to get a smat- 
tering of. 

KiKi-iRE,-rM-/«, t. V. To consent to, al- 
low, listen to, to heed. 

KiKi-KAjiRi,-rz/,-^^rt:, t. V. To have a 
smattering of, or a little knowledge of 

. anything said. 

KiKi-GANE,-r«-^«, t. V. Disagreeable or 
hard to hear ; hard to consent to. 

KiKi.ME, 71. Virtue, strength, efficacy. 

KiKiN, 71. Famine. 

KiKi-NAGASHi,-j«,-if<^, t. V. To hear, but 
not to mind ; to take no notice of what 
was heard, not to heed. 

KiKi-NAOSHi,-j«,-^a, /. V. To hear and 
correct what was before heard indis- 

KiKi-NAR.'M,-^,-^i'rt, t. V. To learn by 
hearing, learn by the ear. 

KiK;i-NARE,-r/<,-/i{, t. V. To be accus- 
tomed to the hearing of anything. 

KiKi-NiKUi,-/t/,-/&z^,-j/zz, a. Disagreeable 
to hear, ofi"ensive to the ear. 



KiKi-NOKOSHi,-^-^,-/^, t. V. To omit the 
hearing of anything, to put oflF hear- 

KiKi-OBOYE,-r«,-j'«, t. V. To learn or 
remember anything by hearing it. 

KiKi-OTosHi,-j«,-^a. To miss hearing, 
to fail to hear what is said, to fail or for- 
get to inquire about. 

KiKi-OYOBi,-i^2<,-«d^iz, t. V. To get or at- 
tain to the hearing of anything, to be 
apprised of, to find out. 

KiKi-SADAME,-r«,-/rt, t. V. To hear or 
inquire and determine, to be confirmed 
in what one hears. 

KiKi-soKONAi,-<7,-a/^a, z". V. To hear in- 
correctly, mistake in what one hears. 

KiKi-soNji,-r«,-/a, i. v. To hear incor- 
rectly, to mistake. 

KiKi-SUMASHi,-Jz<,-/fl:, i. V. To listen at- 
tentively, to finish hearing, to hear and 

KiKi-suTE,-rM,-/a, /. V. To hear and 
take no notice of, or not to mind. 

KiKi-TADASHi,-J2<,-/rt, t. V. To hear and 
judge of, to inquire and find out the 
truth of anything. 

KiKiTAGARi,-rM,-/M, /. V. To be fond 
of hearing, to be inquisitive. 

KiKi-TAGAYE,-ra,-/a, t. V. To hear ii^ 
correctly, mistake what is heard. 

KlKi-TATE,-rz<,-/«, /. V. To inquire about 
all the particulars, hear and determine 
the truth, to hear and find out. 

KiKi-TODOKE,-?'«,-/«, /. V. To permit, 

KiKi-TOGAME,->'M,-^«, t. V. To hear and 
reprimand, to check one who is reading 
or speaking by way of reproof. 

KiKi-TORi,-r«,-//fa, t. V. To understand 
or distinguish what is heard. 

KiKi-TSirKE,-r?^,-^rt, L v. To hear acci- 
dentally, to happen to hear. 

KiKi-TSUKUSHi,-i^«,-2'«, t. V. To inquire 
about, or hear anything fully. 

KiKi-TSUTAYE,-ri<, - ta. To hear from 
others or by tradition. 

Ki-Kiu, n. Danger, peril, hazard. — ««, 
dangerous, perilous. 

KiKiu, n. A balloon. 

KiKi-WAKE,-ra, ifiz, /. V. To hear and 
understand ; to understand what is said, 
to discern, discriminate. 

Ki-KiYo, n. The Platycodon Grandi- 

KiRKiYo, n. Lucky or unlucky. Mono 
no — wa sadamj.ri-gatashi. 

Ki-k6, «. Climate. 

Ki-KON, n. Energy, or vigor of mind, 
strength of mind. 

KiKONASHi,-j«,-^«, t. V. To dress with 
neatness or taste. 

KiK 3KI, «. A wood-chopper, woodman 

KiK )oHiMESHi,-i-«,-/rt, t. V. To hear, — 
Uied only to superiors ; to eat, or drink. 

KiKOVE,-?'«,-/a, pass, and pot. of Kikzc. 
To be heard, to be known, celebrated, 
famous. Kikayenu^ cannot hear. 

KiKOYE, n. Fame, celebrity, notoriety, 

KiKU, n. The Chrysanthemum. 

Kl - KU, {bunmawaski to kanezaski). 
Compass and square, a rule, established 
custom ; the moment or proper time. 

— ni hadzureru, contrary to rule. 
KiKU. — suru, to hold in the hollow of 

the hands. Midzu wo — suru, to take 
up a double hand full of water. 

KiKU-DZUKi, n. The 9th month. 

Ki-KUGi, n. A wooden nail. 

Ki-KUi-MUSHi, n. A kind of insect that 
bores in wood, a borer. 

KiKL'-iTADAKi, «. A kind of small bird. 

Ki-KURAGE, «, A kind of fungus which 
grows from the bark of trees. 

Ki-KUWAi, 71. Opportunity, favorable 
time or circumstances. — -wo hadzusti^ 
to miss the opportunity. 

Ki-KUWAN, n. The trachea, windpipe. 

KiMAi, n. Spirits, feelings, temper. 

Ki-MADZUi, a. Disagreement, ill-feeling, 
not harmonious. 

Ki-MAGURE, n. Mental derangement, in- 

Ki-MAKURA, n. A wooden pillow. 

Ki-MAMA. Selfish, self-willed, one's own 
way, one's own convenience or pleasure 
arbitrary, despotic. 

Ki-MAMORi, «. Fruit left on a tree after 
the fruit is gathered. 

KiMARi,-r«,-^M, /. V. To be fixed, set- 
tled, determined ; definite, sure, cer- 
tain, neg. Kimaj-a nai, not sure, not 

KiME, n. The texture. 

KiME,-rM,-^ii, t. V. To fix, settle, estab- 
lish, set, determine, to make sure. 

KiME,-rM,-j'a, /. V. To reprimand, scold, 
censure, reproach. 

KiME-TSUKE,-r?/,-/a, t.z>. To reprimand, 
scold, censure, reproach. 

KiMi, n. Lord, master, 

KiMi, n. The state of one's mind, or 
feelings. — waruku /utie wo noru., 
to sail in a boat — feeling alarm or dread. 

— ^a yol, to feel easy, comfortable, or 

KiMi, n. The yoke of an egg. 
Ki-.MijiKAi,-,^/,-/(v/, a. Quick-tempered, 

irascible, easily provoked, impatient. 
Ki-MITSU, n. A secret, mystery. 
Ki-miy6. Marvelous, wonderful, strange, 

admirable, remarkable, c 


fnofio^a. marvelous thing. — «/, won- 

KiM-ME, n. The weight in catties. — 
de urti^ to sell by the catty. 

KiMMOTSU, w. Prohibited things, con- 
traband goods J things forbidden to be 
eaten, — as in sickness. 

KiM-MUKU, n. Pure gold. 

KiMO, n. Gall-bladder ; courage, brave- 

KiMO-iRi, «. Superintendence, direction, 
or management of any work \ assis- 
tance, aid, service ; also a superintend- 
ent, manager, director, overseer. 

Ki-MON, n. The north-east, — from which 
an evil influence is supposed to come. 

Kimono, n. The long robe worn by the 
Japanese ; clothing. 

KiM-PAKU, n. Gold-leaf. 

KiM-PEi {kin no go hei), n. Gold-leaf, or 
gilt paper hung in Sintoo temples to 
represent the Kami. 

Kim-pen, n. Neighborhood, vicinity. 

Kim-pun, «. Gold powder. 

KiMUDZUKASHii,->(;/,-,i'z<:, «. Hard to 

please, of an uncertain temper. 

KiMi;sAi,-/^/,-/^«, a Disagreeable, offen- 
sive, stinking, foul, having a close or 
unventilated smell. 

KiMUSUME, n. A chaste woman, a vir- 

KiN, «. Gold. — de koshirayeru^ made 
of gold. — «i7, golden. 

Kin, n. A catty of i6o moittme., = li lb. 

Kin {koto)^ n. A harp, or lyre, — wo 
dandzurii, to play on the lyre. 

Kin, n. The scrotum, the testicles. 

Ki-NAGAi,-y^/,-,^«, a. Easy and calm in 
temper ; deliberate, patient, long-suf- 

KiNAKA, n. Half a zeni. 

KiNAKiNA, n. Quinine. 

Kina-kina, adv. Brooding, or thinking 
gloomily over. — omd, to brood over. 

Kinako, n, A kind of food made of 

Ki-nan, n. Danger, peril, jeopardy, dis- 

KiNCHAKKiRi, n. A cut-purse, a pick- 

KiNCHAKU, n. A purse or wallet for 
carrying money. 

KiNCHo, n. Curtains of embroidered 

KiN-CHo, n. Swearing or confirming a 
promise by striking a sword. 

KiN-DAN, n. Prohibition, interdict. — 
suru^ to prohibit. 

KiN-DEi, n. A kind of gilt paint ; gold 
dust used for ornamenting. 



KiN-DZUKURi, n. Gold mounted ,wrought 
of gold. 

KiNE, n. The wooden mallet used in 
pounding rice, a pestle. 

Ki-NEN, «. Prayer, supplication, peti- 

KiN-GEN, n. Golden saying, an aphor- 
ism, a wise maxim or precept. 

Kin-gin, n. Gold and silver ; money. 

KiN-GiYO, n. Gold-fish. 

Kin-giyoku, n. Gold and pearls. — no 
kotoba^i precious maxims or precepts. 
— ^(?, a kind of sweetmeat. 

Kin-go {c/iikaki sato)^ n. Neighboring 

Kin-goku {chikaki kuni), n. Neighbor- 
ing states or provinces. 

Ki-nichi, n. The day of the -month on 
which a person has died, the anniver- 
sary of a death. 

Kmji,-dz2iru,-ia, t. v. To prohibit, 
forbid, interdict. 

KiN-jiTSU {chikai hi). Soon, in a few 

Kin-jo {chikaki tokoro)^ n. Neighbor- 
hood, vicinity. 

KiN-ju {tori kedamono)., n. Birds and 

Kin-kan, n. The kumkwat, Citrus Ja- 

KiN-KEi, n. The golden pheasant. 

KiN-KiN, adv. Soon, in a short time, in 
a. few days. 

Kio-KO, n. Gong and drum. 

KiN-KO, n. Biche-de-mer. 

KiN-KON, n. A tendon. 

Kin-kotsu, n. Bone and muscle. 

KiN-KU, 71. A sarcasm, satire ; anything 
said which is offensive, insulting, or 
wounding to the feelings. 

KiN-NEN {chikaki toshi)^n. Few years 
past, late years, recent time. 

Kino, n. Yesterday. 

KiNODOKU, 71. Feeling sorrow, or con- 

Ki-NO-KO, n. A kind of mushroom which 

grows from the bark of trees. 
Ki-NO-KOMORi,-r«,-zVrt, /. V. Confined, 

close, unventilated. 
Ki-NO-ME, 71. The bud of a tree ; used 

specially of the buds of the sansho. 
Ki-NO-Mi, n. The fruit of a tree. 
Kin-rai, adv. Of late, recently. 
KiN-RAN, n. A kind of gold brocade. 
KiN-Ri, 7t. The forbidden ground, — the 

palace of the Mikado. Kinri-sama, 

the Mikado. 
KiN-SATSU, n. A prohibitory edict, — 

written on a board. 
KiN-SATSU, n. Paper money. 
KiN-SEi, n. The planet Venus. 




Kin-sen {kin to zeni). Gold and copper 
coin ; money. 

KiN-SHA, n. Gold dust ; also fine gold 

KiN-SHi, n. Gold thread. 

KiN-SHi, n. Duty, official employment, 
service. — suru^ to serve in one's offi- 
cial duty. 

KiN-SHi, 11. Prohibition, stopping, for- 
bidding, interdicting. — suru^ to pro- 

KiN-SHo, «. Inflammation. — suru, to 
be inflamed. 

KiN-SHOKU, «. Golden color. 

KiN-SHU, «. The owner of the money, 
the person who supplies the capital in 
any business. 

KiN-SHU, «. Leaving off the use of ar- 
dent spirits ; prohibiting the use of 
ardent spirits. 

KiN-so, n. An incised wound. 

KiN-soKU {asAi luo imashiinerii). For- 
bidden to leave the house, confined to 
the house as a punishment. 

KiN-soN {chikaki mu). A neighboring 
town or village. 

KiNSU, n. Money, specie, coin. 

KiN-suNA-GO, n. A kind of wall paper 
spotted with gold. 

KiN-TAMA, «. Testicles. 

KiN-TEi, «. The Mikado's palace. 

KiN-ToN, «. A kind of confectionary 
made of beans and sugar. 

KiNU, n. Silk goods. 

KiNU-BARi, 71. Glazed or spread with 
silk, as screens, lanterns, etc. 

KiNU-CHijiMi, n. A kind of silk stuff. 

Ki-NUKE, n. Idiotic, foolish, absent- 

KiNUSA, n. A mallet for fulling cloth. 
— no dai^ the block used in fulling 

KiNUTA-ucHi, n. A fuller, one who 
whitens cloth by beating. 

KiN-ZAi, n. Neighborhood, vicinity, or 
the country near any place, environs. 

KiN-ZEi, n. Forbidden, prohibited, in- 
dicted. — sunt. 

Ki-ocHi, n. Despondency, loss of hope 
or courage, dejection. 

Kioi,-<7,-<?^a, i. V. To strive to excel, to 
emulate, to rival. 

Ki-OKU, n. Memory, remembrance. — 
sum, to commit to memoiy. 

Ki-OKURE-, n. Losing one's presence of 
mind, forgetting one's self. 

KiPPAN (meshi -wo kil)^ eating food. — 
siiriiy to eat. 

KiPPARi-TO, adv. Clearly, distinctly, 
well defined. 

KiRA, n. Gorgeous, splendid. 

1 KiRABiVAKA, a. Gorgeous, splendid. 
j KiRADZU. n. The refuse of beans left in 
making to/u. 

KiRAi,-au,-aita, t. v. To dislike ; to 
regard with aversion, disrelish, or dis- 
gust ; to hate, abhor, abominate. 

KiRA-KiRA-TO, adv. Glitteringly, spark- 
lingly, brilliantly. 

KiRA-KiRASHii,-/^z,-,^M, a. Glittering, 
sparkling, brilliant. 

KiRAKU. Ease, free from care. — ni shi 
nasare^ do just as you like, be at your 
ease. — na kito, one who takes things 

KiRAMEKi,-/l-M,-iV«, i. V. To glitter, 
sparkle, shine, flash. 

KiR.\RA, n. Talc, mica, the scum that 
floats on the top of a solution of lime. 

KiRARA-GAMi, «. A kind of paper. 

KiRATSUKi,-y^«,-?Va, /. V. Glittering, 
shining, sparkling, brilliant. 

KiRAWARE,-r«,-/«, pass, of Kirai. To 
be disliked, or shunned by others, to 
be abhorred, abominated. 

KiRAWASHii,-^z',-/^«, a. Disagreeable, 
unpleasant, odious, disgusting, abom- 
inable, hateful. 

KiRE, n. Cloth ; a piece, bit, scrap, as 
cloth, paper, or wood. 

KiRE,-rM,-^a. /. V. To be broken, sev- 
ered, stopped, spent, frayed, parted ; 
can cut. 

KiRE-GiRE, «. Pieces. 

KiREi, a. Clean, clear, pure, beautiful, 
neat. Kirei-na iitidzu, clean water. 

KiREME, n. The indentations in the 
edge of a leaf, saw, file, etc. 

KiRE-MONO, n. Cutting instruments, 
edged tools. 

KiREPPASHi, n. A piece, bit, scrap, as 
of paper, cloth, board. 

KiRi, n. A gimlet, an awl, a drill. 

KiRi. A fog. 

KiRi, n. The circles in a target. 

KiRi, n. A stop, period, end ; only ; an 
act of a play. — ga nai, unlimited, 
endless. Kore kiri^ this is all I have, 
or only this and no more. 

KiRi, n. The PauUownia Imperialis. 

KiRi,-/&M,-/rt, t. V. To cut, to sever, di- 
vide ; affixed to the roots of verbs sig- 
nifies that the action expressed by the 
verb is finished, or ended. Kono hon 
wo yomi-kiita^ I have finished reading 
this book. li-kiru., to finish saying. 

KiRi-Ai,-a«,-rt^^i:, i. V. To fight togeth- 
er with swords, to cut each other. 

KiRi-AKE,-rM,-^a, t. V. To cut open. 

KiRi-AME, «. A mist, fine rain, drizzling 

KiRi-AWASE,-^-«,-^a, t. V. To cut and 




fit together, to fight together with 

KiRi-BAN, «. A cutting block. 
KiKi-BARi, n. Cutting the torn paper 

from a screen and repairing by pasting 

new paper over. 
K'Ri-CHiRASHi,-j«,-/«, t. V. To cut and 

KiRino, n. A small one-leaved gate in 

a garden or yard. 
KiRi-DORi, n. Killing and robbing. 

— suru, to kill and rob. 
KiRi-DoSHi, n. A deep road cut through 

a mountain. 
KiRiFU, n. Spotted with black and white. 
KiRi-FUSE,-r«,-^«, /. V. To cut dov/n. 
KiRi-GiRisr, n. A cricket. 
KiRi-HANASHi,-/.r?<,-^a, ?". z/. To cut apart, 

separate by cutting. 
KiRi-HARAi,-aa,-a^/«, t. V. To cut and 

clear away, as an obstruction. 
KiRiHi, n. Fire struck out by a flint and 

KiRi-HiRAKi,-/('7/,-zVa, t. V. To cut open, 

to clear off by cutting down trees. 

KiRi-iRi,-r?<,-i'?'rt, t. V. To cut and enter, 

to cut a way into. 
KiRi-lSHi, n. Cut stone, hewn stone. 
KiRi-KAKARi,-r«,-/i'<r, i. V. To begin to 

cut, to be about to cut. 
KiRi-KAMi, n. A summons or written 

order to appear before a magistrate. 
KiRi-KATA, n. A mark made by cutting. 
KiRi-KiDZU, «. An incised wound, a cut. 
KiRi-KiRi, adv. Quickly, speedily ; in a 

cutting manner. 
KiRi-KiRi-TO, adv. A creaking sound, 

as of a bow when drawn to its utmost. 
KiRi-KiSHi, n. A steep bank. 
KiRi-KizAMi,-;«zi!,-««/«, t. V. To cut or 

shave fine. 
KiRiKO, n. A figure with the corners 

squared, cut-glass. 
KiRi-Kojo, n. A formal or precise way of 

speaking, as an actor. 

KlRI-KOMAZAK!,-/l'?<,-z/«, i. V. To CUt 

into small pieces. 
KiRi-KOMi,-/«<<,-«^«, t. V. To cut into, 

to cut and fit, as timber for building. 
KiRi-KoROSHi,-j«,-^a, t. V. To slay, to 

kill by cutting. 
KiRi-KUCHi, n. The mouth of a wound, 

the place where anything is cut. 

KlRI-KUDAKI,-/^.'^,-zV^, t. V. To cut 

something hard into fine pieces, chop 

KiRi-KUDzusHi,-j?< ,-;•«, t. V. To hew 
down, to cut and destroy. 

KiRi-MAi, n. Rice-rations, paid to in- 
ferior officers or soldiers. 


KiRi-MAKURi,-rz<,-/'^a, t. V. To cut about 

furiously, to slash. 
KiRi-ME, n. A cut, the mark of a cut, a 

KiRi-MOMi, n. Boring with a gimlet, or 

KiRiN, n. A fabulous animal, said not to 

tramp on live insects or to eat live grass, 

the unicorn. 
KiRiN-KETSU, n. Dragon's-blood. 
KiRi-NABiK;E,-r«,-^«, t. V. To bring into 

subjection with the sword. 
KiRi-NOKE,-rz^,-^«, t. V. To cut off a 

KiRi-OTOSHi,-jz^,-2'i^, t. V. To cut down^ 

cut off, lop off. 
KiRi-SAKi,-,4rz<!,-zVrt, t. V. To rip or cut 

KiRiSHiTAN, n. Christian. — no sku- 

mon.^ Christianity. 
KlRI-SOGI,-^Z<,-zA!:, t. V. To cut, to 

shave, or whittle, to cut across oblique- 
KiRi-suTE,-rz<,-/a;, t. v. To cut and 

throw away, to kill and leave. 
KlRI-T.AOSHI,-ja,-A!:, t. V. To cut dowD 

anything standing. 
KiRiTE, n. The slayer, killer, mur- 
KiRi-TSUKE,-r?^,-^«, t. V. To engrave 

on, to cut into, as letters on a stone ; to 

cut, to cut at. 
KiRi-TSUKusHi,-jz^,-/frt, t. V. To kill and, adv . To cut and 

get cut, in fighting ; to kill and be 

KiRiYo, «. Capacity, ability, talent, 

KiRiYo, n. Countenance. 
Ki-RiYOKU, n. Natural vigor, force, 

strength, or energy of mind or body. 
Ki-ROKU, n. A record, historj'', chronicle, 

Ki-Rui, n. Clothing, wearing apparel. 
KiSAKi, n. The empress. 
Ki-SAKi, n. Ardor, zeal, earnestness, 

eagerness, enthusiasm, spirit. 
Ki-SAN-ji, n. Dispelling vapors, or 

gloom, recreation, diversion, amuse- 
KiSARAGi, n. The second month. 
KiSE,-rz<,-/a, t. v. To put on, as clothes ; 

dress up ; to overlay, to plate. 
Ki-SEI, {inori ckikaii^ n. A vow. — 

suru., to vow. 
KiSE-K.\KE,-rz<,-z'rt, t. V. To lay over, 

cover over ; to impute, charge with, 

KiSERU, 71. A tobacco pipe. 
KiSHi, n. A bank, a wall, a cliff. 




KiSHiMi,-/««,-«^«, i. V. To stick or rub 

in moving, not to move or work easily 

or freely, to move with much friction, 

to creak. 
Ki-SHiN, «. Contributions, or offerings 

to temples. 
KiSKiRi,-r«,-//a, t. V. To rub, or grate 

against, to creak ; to move with a 

creaking noise. 
Ki-SHITSU, «. Natural temperament, 

disposition, temper, mind. 
Ki-SHOKU, n. The state of one's feel- 
ings, spirits, health. 
Ki-SKo-MON, 71. An indenture, a written 

contract, bond, a written oath. 
Ki-SHUKU, — suru^ to lodge, sojourn, 

board or dwell for a short time. 
Ki-SHUKU-NiN, n. A lodger, boarder, 

Kisoi,-^,-oi'ii, /. a. To emulate, compete, 

strive, to excel, contend for mastery. 
Ki-soKU, n. A rule, law. 
KissAKi, «. The point of a sword. 
KisSHiN, n. A fete day, lucky day. 
KissHiRi TO, adv. Tightly, closely. 
Kisso, n. The expression of the various 

passions or emotions in the counte- 
Kisso, n. Valerian. 
Kisso, n. A lucky physiognomy. 
Kisu, n. A kind of fish. 
KiTA, «. Nortl). 
KiTA-GOCHi, «. North-east wind. 
KlTAi,-/t/, -/!•?/, a. Wish or desire to 

wear, like to wear or put on. Kitaku 

nai, do not wish to wear. 
Ki-TAI, {yo ni marena koto). Strange, 

rare, uncommon, wonderful. 
KiTAi,-(7, ta. V. To forge iron, to harden 

iron by pounding it ; to improve the 

quality of anything by use. 
KiTAi-GANE, n. Tempered or wrought 

KiTANABiRE,-r?<,-/rt, z. V. To be dirty, 

foul, mean, base, or low. 
KiTANAi,-/&/,-/&?<,-i'///, a. Dirty, foul, 

filthy ; mean, base, despicable. Kita- 

naku nam, to become dirty. Kita- 

nakii stiru, to dirtj'. 
KiTARASHi,-ji<,-2'rt, caust. of kitari. To 

cause to, or let come, to attract, draw 

or bring. 
KiTARi,-r?<,-^/a, i. V. To come. Kita- 

ru toshi, the coming year, next year. 
KiTAVE,-r//,-Az, t. V. To harden or 

temper by pounding, as iron ; to scold, 

or admonish. 
KiTCHiRi. adv. Exactly, evenly, neatly, 

KiTCHo, {yoi skirase). A lucky sign. 
Ki-TEN. Clever, ingenious. 

Ki-To, n. Prayer, supplication. 

KiTSCl.-;^/,-Xr«,-jA/, a. Strong, severe, 
intense, harsh, hardy, stout-hearted, 

Ki-TSUKE, «. Anything which cheers or 
enlivens the spirits, cordial, — 7to ku- 
suri, a cordial medicine. ^ 

KiTSU-MON, n. Cross-examination, rigid 
inquiry, as of a criminal. — suru^ to 
examine closely. 

KiTUNE, n. A fox. 

KiTSUNE-Bi, n. Jack with a lantern. 

KiTSUNE-DO, n. A lattice door. 

KiTsuTSUKi, «. A wood-pecker. 

KiTTAN, 71. A fete day, holiday. 

KiTTACHi,-2'j?^,-^/'rt, i. V. To be precipi- 
ious, steep, abrupt. 

KiTTE, «. A passport, a pass, a ticket, a 

KiTTO, adv. Surely, certainly, positively, 
without fail ; attentively, fixedly. 

Kiu, 71. An emergency, exigency, dan- 
ger, urgency, pressing necessity. A7«- 
^a, the critical time, juncture, place of 
danger. Kiu-hin.^ quick messenger, 
express. Kiu-biyd, a sudden and dan- 
gerous sickness. Kut-keti, a sudden 
calamity. Kiu-sei\ acute form of dis- 
ease. Kiu-ihi., sudden death. Kiu-u., 
a sudden rain. Kiu-yo., urgent busi- 

Kiu, {yiimi^ n. A bow. 

Kiv, (koio>iotsu,) a. Nine. — shi t'sskd 
710 toki, the critical time, the time of 
danger. Kin-zoku, the nine genera- 

Kiu, «. The moxa. 

Kic, {tasukeru). — suru., to save, aid, 
assist, help. — se shu., the Saviour of 
the world. 

Kiu, (^/uriii). Old, ancient, former, 
worn out, defunct or passed away. 
Ktu-hei., old and bad customs or habits. 
Kiii-ho^ old laws or edicts. — akii, an 
old offence, an old distemper. Kiti- 
iu, an old friend. Kiu-ka., an old 
family, an ancient house. Kiu-&i, old 
chronicle, ancient history. Kiu-nen. 
the old or last year. Kiu-rei, an old 
example, an old precedent. Kiu-seki^ 
old ruins, the remains of an ancient 
place. Kiu-shzki, an old acquaintance. 
Kiu-taku, an old house. Kiu-toku., an 
old kindness cr assistance. Kiu-raiy 
from old times, from ancient times. 

Kiu, {>nadzushiki^ «. Poverty, want. 
— siirii., to be poor, to be in want. 

Kiu-BA, «, A place for practicing 

Kiu-31, n. The pit of the stomach, epi- 



Kiu-HAKU, (komari-hate). Distressed, 
troubled, suffering discomforts, annoy- 

Kiu-iKi;-jo, n. Alms-house. 

Kiu-ji, n. Waiting, or serving at table ; 
also, a waiter, table servant. 

Kiu-ji. Applying the moxa. — sum, 

Kiu-jiTU, {yasuwt-di^) n. Day of rest, 

Kiu-JUTSU, «. Archery. 

Kiu-KAN, n. A parrot. 

Kiu-KETSU, «. The places for applying 
the moxa. 

Kiu-KETSU. The nine holes of the body 
— the eyes, ears, nostrils, mouth, urin- 
ary and fecal passages. 

KiU-KiN, {atayuru kane^ n. Wages, hire, 

Kiu-KOTSU, n. Spinal vertebrae. 

Kiu-KUTSU, n. Contracted, narrow, re- 
straint, distress, trouble, confined. 

Kiu-MON. — suru, to examine or inter- 
rogate a prisoner, to cross-examine. 

Ki-UN, n. Changes, fluctuations ; fortu- 
nate time. 

Kiu-NA, a. Pressing, urgent, requiring 
haste ; hasty, rapid ; steep, sudden, 
dangerous. — saka, a steep slope. — 
se, a rapid current. 

Kiu-Ni, adv. Urgently, pressingly, quick- 
ly, hastily, rapidly, steeply, sudden- 

Kiu-Ri, {furusato). Native village, na- 
tive place. 

Ki-URi, n. Cucumber. 

Kiu-Ri, {hisaskiku hanareru^ n. Cut- 
ting off a child from the family, disin- 
heriting, to disfranchise. 

Kiu-Ri, n. Natural philosophy. 

Kiu-SEX, (yufni ya). Bow and arrow. 

Kiu-SE-SHU, «. The Saviour of the 

Kiu-SEN, n. An armistice, truce ; a 
temporary cessation of hostilities. 

Kiu-SHO, n. A vital or dangerous 

Kiu-SOKU, (z'kte wo yasuinu). Resting, 
ceasing from labor or travelling. 

Kiu-soKU. Quick, hasty, urgent, press- 

Kiusu, n. A small tea-pot. 

Kiu-TEN, n. The mark made with ink 
to show where the moxa should be ap- 

Ki-UTSU, n. Melancholy, gloom, low 

KiWA, n. Margin, brink, edge, verge, 
border; the line of demarkation, the 
point of time when anything is done. 
Sono — ni natte nanj'u suru^ when 
that time comes you will have trouble. 

Tachi-gi'wa^ point of starting. — ga 
taisu, to be separate, or distinct. 

KivvAD.\, {ddaku), n. A kind of bark 
used in dyeing yellow. 

KiWADACHi,-^j«,-z'^rt, i. V. To be well 
defined or distinct as to the limits or 
border ; to be distinct, separate, or dif- 

KiWADOi,-/t/,-/t«, a. Critical, hazard- 
ous, dangerous, risky. 

Ki\\AV>zvK\,-ku^-ita, i. V. To show the 
line of junction or demarkation ; to ap- 
pear distinct, or separate. 

KiwAMARi,-^?^,-i'^a, /. V. To be defined, 
determined, settled, fixed, limited, fin- 
ished, ended ; come to the last extrem- 

KivvAME,-rK,-^a, t. V, To define, deter- 
mine, decide, fix, establish, settle ; to 
end, finish ; exhaust, to carry to the ut- 

KiWAME, n. The time when any thing 
was made, and the maker. 

KiwAMETE, adv. Definitely, positively, 
assuredly, must, exceedingly. 

KiwATA, n. The Gossypium Herba- 

KiwATA-GURi, n. A machine for clean- 
ing cotton of its seeds, a cotton gin. 

KiVAFU, n. A waist cloth worn by wom- 

KiYAHAN, n. Leggings. 

KiAKU, n. A guest, visitor, a passenger, 
customer. Kiyakii-hiin^ the same as a 
guest or visitor. Ktyaku-deu, a par- 
lor, drawing room. Kiyakti-rai, the 
coming of visitors or guests. Kiyaku- 
sert^ a passenger ship, packet ship. 

KiRAKU-RO, n. A foot-stove. 

Ki-YAMi, «. Distress, trouble of mind, 
depression of spirits. 

KiVARA. Aloes-wood, or Agallochum. 

KiYARi, n. The sung of person* uniting 
their strength to do any thing, as in 
lifting or pulling. 

KivASHA. Genteel, delicate. 

Ki-VASUME, n. Tranquility of mind, con- 
solation, comfort. — 1V0 iu., to condole 
with, to soothe or appease. 

KiVATATSU, n. A step-ladder. 

KiYATSU. That fellow, that rascal. 

KiYE,-r«,-«'rt;, z. V. To melt away, to be 
extinquished, quenched, put out, ef- 
faced; to vanish, disappear; to die. 

KiYE, {shitagau^ — surti^ to humbly 
trust in, depend on, to believe in. 

Ki-YETSU, iyorokobi)^ n. Joy, gladness, 

KiYO, {oi nam). Great, large, vast, 
many ; very. Kiyo-sai., very minutely, 
particularly. Kiyo-dai^ exceedingly 



great, very large. Kiyo-man^ myriad 
of myriads, innumerable. 

KiYO, {jnunashi^ n. Deficiency, wants, 
weakness, unguarded places. Kiyo- 
(5?j(7, a disease of debility. Kiyo-dan^ 
a falsehood, fiction, story. Kiyo-gon, 
a lie, falsehood. Kiyo-jaku^ weak, fee- 
ble. Kiyo-jitsu^ false or true. Kiyo- 
setsu^ a false report, a story. Kiyo- 
shoku, a false show, dissimulation. 

Kiyo, adv. To-day. 

Kiyo. Unlucky, bad, evil. Kiyo-ji., un- 
lucky affair. Kiyo-nen, an unlucky 
year. Kiyo-saku., bad crop. 

Kiyo, n. Canonical, or sacred books, es- 
pecially of the Buddhists ; the Chinese 

Kiyo, n. Sport, diversion, amusement, 
pleasure, fun, entertainment. — suru., 
to make merry, to frolic. 

Kiyo, {kano). Agreement, union, con- 
currence, harmony. Kiyd-do, agreeing 
together, of one mind. Kiyo-riyoku, 
doing together in unison, or concord. 
Kiyo-shin^ of one mind, agreement, 

Kiyo, n. A fraction over the precise 
measure or quantity. Kiyd-jaku, 
strength or weakness, excess or defi- 

Kiyo. Ingenious, expert, clever, adroit. 

KiYo-BOKU, n. The gibbet on which the 
heads of executed criminals are ex- 

KiyOdai, «. Brother, brethren. — buHy 
the part of, or the same as, a brother. 

KiYo-DAi, n. A mirror stand. 

KiYo-D.AN, {inaka kotoba^ n. Provin- 
cialism, country dialect. 

KiYO-FU, n. Convulsions, fits. 

KiYo-GAi, «. Condition, circumstances, 

KiYo-GAKi, n. A clean copy. 

KiYO-GANNA, «. A smoothing or finish- 
ing plane. 

KiYo-GEX, n. A play, drama, theatrical 

Kivo-GFTSU, H. Last month. 

Kivoi, -ii\-ku,-s/tz\ a. Clean, clear, pure, 
free from defilement. — narti, to be- 
come clean. Kiyoku S7iru^ to cleanse. 

KiYo-iKU, {cshiye sodaterii). Instruc- 
tion, education. — suru., to educate, 
to instruct and bring up. 

KiYoji, -rM,-/a, i. 7>. To be delighted, 
pleased, diverted by any thing. 

KiYo-jiN, «. A madman, lunatic. 

Kty6-ji-ya, n. A maker of wall-paper, 
paper hangings, screens, etc., a paper 

KiYo-jo, «. The sentence, judgment, or 

judicial decision passed on a crimi- 

KiYO-jO. — suru, to dwell, reside. 

Kiy6-j-j, {osA/ye sadzukeru), n. Teach- 
ing, instruction, education. — sjtru, 
to teach. — riyo, the price paid for in- 
struction, tuition. Kiyo-Jii-Laia., a 
teacher, instructor, preceptor. 

KiYO-KA, (fawainu7-eric uta^) n. Comic 
poetry, comic song. 

KiYo-KAKU, (mune), n. The breast, the 

KiYO-KA-SEiji, n. Republican or demo- 
cratic form of government. 

KnoKATABiKA, n. Grave clothes, a 
shroud, winding-sheet. 

KiYo-Ki, «. Mental derangement, insan- 
ity, madness. 

KiYO-KiYO-XEN, adv. Year before last. 

Kivo-Ko, {kono nochi), adv. Hence- 
forth, after this, hereafter. 

KiYo-KOTSU. Rough, rude, harsh, vio- 
lent, boisterous. 

Kiyoku, «. That which is crooked, 
bent, distorted, wrong; entertaining, 
performances or diversions. Kovia no 
-^, top-spinning. Uma nor i no — , cir- 
cus riding. — choku^ wrong or right. 
Kiyoku-ba., a circus. Kiyoku-jt, a 
misdemeanor. Kiyoku-inochi., feats of 
strerigth or dexterity. Kiyoku-nori., 
circus riding. 

Kiyoku, n. The utmost point, the ex- 
treme, highest degree, acme, summit. 
— do^ id. 

KiYo-KUN, n. Instruction, teaching of 
the principles of morality and religion ; 
education ; advice, counsel. — suru., 
to instruct, 

KiYOKURi,-r«.-^M, t. V. To deceive, 
cheat, delude, impose on. 

KiYOKL-ROKU, 71. A large chair used by 
priests in temples, an arm rest. 

KiYo-.MAN, «. Pride, arrogance. — suru., 
to be arrogant. 

KiYOMARi,-r«,-i'M, /. V. To be clean, 
pure, free from defilement. 

KiYO.ME,-r«,-^a, t. 7'. To make clean 
cleanse, purify, free from defilement. 

KiYOME, n. Cleansing, purification 

KiYO-NEN, n. Last year. 

KiYo-NiN, n. The kernel of an apricot or 
peach stone. 

KiYo-o. — suru., to treat, entertain 
guests, to feast. 

KiYORAKA-NA, a. Clean, pure, free from 

KiYORAKA-Ni, adv. Cleanly. 

KiYo-RAN. Mental derangement, insani- 
ty, craziness. 




KiYO-Ri.'-CHi, n. The ground appropri- 
ated to foreign residents. — viatuariy 
the policemen of the foreign settle- 

KiYORo, n. Atrophy. 

KiYORO-KiYORO-To, adz'. Loolcing about 
stealthily, peering about. 

KiYORORi-KUWAN, adv. Sitting silent 
and alone. 

KiYORORi-TO, adv. Staringly, gazing 

KiYORO-TSUKi,->^M,-jVa, i. v. To stare, 
gape about, to peer, or gaze around in- 

KiYOSA, n. The degree or state of clean- 
liness or purity. 

KiYo-SAKU, n. Stricture of the urethra. 

KiYo-SHi, 71. A teacher of religion, a 
priest, clergj'man, missionary. 

KiYO-SHO, {idokoro)^ n. Dwelling place, 
place of residence. 

KiYo-soKU, n. A kind of padded stool 
for leaning against in sitting, an arm 

KiYo-So-ZAi, n. Tonic medicines. 

KiYO-TAKU, {iru tokoro)^ ti. Dwelling 
house, home, residence. 

KiYo-TO, n. The capital, residence of 
the Mikado, metropolis. 

KiYO-YO. — suru^ to grant, permit, al- 
low, consent to. 

KiYo-YU, n. Instruction, teaching, edu- 

KiZA, n. An elephant. 

KiZA, {ki ni sawaru). Disagreeable, un- 
pleasant, odious. 

KiZAGARi,-r?/f,-2'^a, i. V. To be disagree- 
able, unpleasant, odious, disliked. 

KiZAHASHi, «. Stairs, a flight of steps. 

Ki-ZAi, n. Household furniture and uten- 
sils ; the timber used in building. 

KiZAMi,-w«,-«^fl;, t. V. To cut into 
small pieces, to chop ; to carve, as an 
image ; to sculpture, engrave. 

KiZAMi, n. Carving ; time, period of 

KiZARASHi, n. A persimmon that ripens 
on the tree. 

K.iZASHi,-su,-fa, i. V. To bud, to sprout, 
to shoot forth, germinate, begin to ap- 

KlZASHi, n. The first beginning, shoot- 
ing up ; tendency, disposition ; sign, 

Ki-ZETSU, {iki ga tomaru^ n. Stoppage 
of the breath, faintness, choking ; as- 

Ko, n. A child, the young of anything 

Ko, «. A numeral for threads, or strand; 
as, Hito koy one strand. Futa ko^ tsvo 

Ko. A particle prefixed to words to give 
them a diminutive sense ; as, Koyumi., 
a little bow. Kotntne, a small boat. 
Ko-mtszibito., a pilferer. Ko-usht\ a 
small cow. 

Ko, n. Flour, fine powder. Mugi-no- 
ko, wheat flour. Soba-no-ko., buckwheat 
meal. Ko7ne-no-ko^ rice flour. Ko fit 
suru, to pulverize. 

Ko, (coll. cont. of kaiko,) n. A silk- 

Ko, n. A tree. Jio no moto, at the foot 
of a tree. Ko no tna, between the 

Ko. Ancient. /T^-y'/^, a man of ancient 
times. Kosei\ ancient sage. Ko-bun, 
ancient form of writing. Ko-butsu, an 
ancient thing. Ko-butsu-ka^ an anti- 
quarian. Ko-/Uy ancient customs. Ko- 
go, an ancient word, ancient language. . 
Ko-taku^ an old house, former resi- 
dence. Ko-ji^ ancient aflfairs. Ko-jin, 
an ancient man, the late. Ko-mai^ old 
rice. Ko-seki, ancient ruins. Ko-jtts2t, 
antiquities. Ko-kon, ancient and mo- 
dern. Ko-rai\ from ancient times. 

Ko, «. A watch of the night, of which 
there are five, commencing at sun-down 
or six o'clock and extending to four 
o'clock A. M. 

Ko, n. The back of anything; used also 
to designate the first in quality or order. 
Kavie no — , the back of a tortoise. 
Te 720 — , back of the hand. 

Ko, n. Metallic ores, minerals. Kd-za/t, 
mine of ore, mineral region. Ko-fn., 
miner. Kozan-gaku^ mineralogy or 
art of mining. Ko-bittsu., minerals. 
Ko-butsu-gaku, mineralogy. 

Ko, «. Filial piety, obedience to parents. 
Fu-ko, disobedient. 

Ko, 71. Actions of merit, worth, or ex- 
cellence ; actions worthy of praise ; 
talent, ability, virtue. Rd shite ko na- 
shi., much labor for nothing. 

Ko, n. Incense, fragrant or aromatic 
substances, perfume. Ko-gti., utensils 
used in burning incense. 

Ko, adv. So, thus, this manner. Ko 
seyo, do it so. 

Ko-AGE, 71. A coolie, a porter. 

Ko-BAi, {akai itme^ n. A species of 
plum bearing red blossoms. 

Ko-BAi, 71. The slope or inclination of a 
roof or mountain. 

Ko-BAKAMA, 71. A kind of trowsers, the 
lower part of which is gathered and 
tied to the leg. 

KoBAMi,-w?^,-wi/a, i. V. To stop, oppose, 
withstand ; resist, hinder, prevent ; to 
object, to contradict, to deny. 




Ko-BAN, «. The name of an ancient 
gold coin, = four ichibus, or one riyo. 

KoBAN-NARi, «. Elliptical in shape, like 
a koban. 

Ko-BARA, n. Slightly offended, slight 
degree of resentment. 

Ko-BASHi, n. Two small silver rods, 
used as tongs when burning incense. 

K6BASHii,-y(-/,-,t«, a. Fragrant, odorous, 

Kobe, «. The head. 

KoBERi-TSUKi,->^?^,-//a, i. V. To stick, 
to adhere, to harden and stick to any- 
thing, as gum. 

KoBi,-r«,-/a, i. v. To smirk and smile 
in order to please, or ingratiate one's 
self with another ; to fawn, to flatter. 

KoBi,-rK ,-/<», /. V. To be old, not new. 

KoBi, n. Flattery, adulation, banish- 

KoBi-HETSURAi,-a«,-//a, t. V. To flatter, 
pay court to, to fawn, to use blandish- 

Ko-BIKI, n. A sawyer. 

Ko-BIN, (saiwai no tayori^ n. A good 
or fortunate opportunity. 

KoBOCHi,-/'.yw,-/M, t. V. To break, de- 

Ko-BON, «. A tray for putting perfume 

KoBORE,-r«,-/a, /. V. To be notched, 
nicked, broken on the edge. 

KoBORE,-r»,-i'rt, /. V. To spill, to run 
over, overflow ; to shed, as tears ; to 
drop from being too full. 

KoBORE-ZAiwAi, {giyo-ko,) n. The turn- 
ing out to be fortunate, of what at first 
appeared only a misfortune ; unexpected 
good fortune. 

KoBOSHi,-.y«,-^a:, ^.. w. To spill, shed, to 
make run over, to pour out ; to com- 
plain, to grumble. 

KoBU, n. A wen, fleshy tumor, excres- 
cence, lump. 

KoBUCHi, n. A snare or trap for catch- 
ing birds, or small animals. 

Ko-BUKAi,-/t/,-/^«, a. Densely wooded 
and shady. 

Ko-BUKLRO, K. The womb. 

Ko-BUN, « The part or place of a child ; 
an apprentice, protege ; a person be- 
longing to a laborer's guild, the chief 
of which is called Oya-bun, or Oya- 

Ko-BURi, n. Small in size, a little shower 

of rain. 
Ko-BUSHi, n. The fist, a knot in wood, 

a piece of dried fish. 
Ko-BLi-SHo, «. Board of Public Works. 
Ko-BUTSU, {konontu »iono). A thing one 

is fond of. 

Ko-CHA, n. Old tea, last year's tea. 

Ko-CHA, n. Broken tea-leaves, tea-dust. 

KocHi, adv. Here, this place ; I, me. 
Achi kochi, here and there, about. 

KocHi, {Jiigashi kaze,) n. East wind. 

KocHiRA, adv. Here, this place. 

KocHiTAKi.-/^^, a. Tedious, tiresome, 
prolix, prosy. 

Ko-CHo, n. Dropsy of the abdomen, 

Ko-CHo, n. A civil magistrate of a town 
or city. 

Ko-DACHi, n. Trees, in relation to the 
manner of planting, or standing. — ga 
yoz^ the trees are planted in beautiful 

Ko-DACHi, n. A small sword. 

Ko-DAi, n. The dish of an incense 

KoDAMA, «. An echo. — ga hihikuy 
there is an echo. 

KoDAMA-GiN, n. A bullet-shaped coin. 

Ko-DAN, «. Discourse, lecture. — suru, 
to discourse, lecture, preach. 

KoDATE, n. Making a shield of a tree, 
screening one's self by getting behind 
a tree. 

Ko-DATSU, n. Verbal message. — surti^ 
to send a message. 

KoDAWARi,-r?<,-a^^a, ;■. V. To hinder, 
prevent, to obstruct. 

Ko-Do, n. Filial piety, love and obedi- 
ence to parents. 

Ko-Do, n. A house or temple for preach- 
ing, or discoursing in, a church, a lec- 

KoDOKU, n. An orphan. 

KoDOMO, n. A child, children. Kodo- 
niora^ children. 

KoDOMORASHii,-/t7',-,i-«, a. Like a child, 
in the manner of a child. 

KoDZU, n. The paper mulberry, Brous- 
sonetia Papyrifera. 

KoDZUKU. To die, used only of a person 
of the highest rank. 

Ko-Dzui, «. An inundation, flood. 

Ko-DZUKA, n. The knife carried in the 
scabbard of the small sword used for 
cutting paper. 

KoDZUKAi, «. A servant. 

KoDZUKAi, 71. Cash or money spent in 
current expenses, pocket-money. 

Ko-DZi:KE,-r?^-/rt, t. V. To add any- 
thing small, light, or of no account, to 
a full load. 

Ko-DZUKE, n. A trifle added to a full 

KoDZU Ml, -mu,-nda, t. v._ To pile up, to 
store away ; to be bigoted, narrow- 
minded ; to be trifling, frivolous ; to 
incline to one side, partial. 




KoDZURA, n. The face, — used in scold- 
ing. — no nikui karasu-tne^ a dirty 
faced crow. 

KoDZURi, n. The change, or balance of 
money paid beyond the price. — wo 
toru, to take change. 

Ko-DZUYE, n. The small branches of a 
tree, a twig. 

KoGAi, n. An ornament made of shell, 
worn by married women in the hair ; 
also, two iron rods carried in the scab- 
bard of the short sword, used as chop- 

KoGAi, n. An indentured servant boy or 
girl, about seven or eight years 

Ko-GAKU, n. Lesson, recitation, exer- 
cise. Vei she — , exercises in reading 
English books. 

KoGANE, n. Gold. 

KoGARE,-r«,-^«, i. V. To be charred, 
scorched, burnt, blackened with fire ; 
to long, or pine for, to be troubled 

KoGARE-KUS.'\i,--l-/,--^«<, a. Having the 
smell of being burnt, charred and 

KoGARE-TSUKi,-^K,-zV«, i. V. To bum 
and stick to the pot, or pan ; to be 
scorched, charred. 

KoGASHi,-j«,-i'a, /. V. To char, scorch, 
burn, or blacken with fire ; to inflame, 
or excite with passion. 

KoGASHi, 71. A kind of food made of 
parched meal. 

Ko-GATANA, n. A small knife, pocket- 

KoGE,-r?/,-^a, i. v. To be charred, to 
burn, to scorch, toasted ; to be inflamed, 
or burn with passion. 

Ko-GE, (takai hikui). High or low, 
good or bad, superior or inferior. 

Ko-GEKi, (seme ictszi). — sum., to attack, 
assault, assail, invade in war. 

KoGi,-^«,-?^rt, t. V. To scull, row. ^1?- 
gi-modosu., to scull or row back. Kogi- 
ivataru., to scull or row across. 

Y^oc.\,-gii.,-ida^ t. V. To pull up by the 
roots, root up. 

Ko-Gl, n. The court, the government. 

KoGi, n. The national assembly, parlia- 
ment or congress, composed of two 
branches, called Migi and Hidari : 
the president is called Gi-cho : the 
members are called Gikuivan ; the 
place in which the council assembles is 
called Kogisho., or Kogi-in. 

KoGiNOKO, «. A shuttlecock. 

Ko-GiRE, n. A small piece of cloth, a 

KoGiRi,-r«,-//a, i. v. To chaflFer, hag- 

gle, or higgle in buying, to beat down 
the price. 

Ko-GiRi-DOKi-Ni, adv. Diminishing little 
by little. 

KoGi-TORi,-r«,-^/«, t. V. To pluck up 
by the roots. 

Ko-GiYo. Making or getting up an en- 
tertaining performance or amuse- 

Ko-Go, (inajiwari-au ^ n. Sexual inter- 
course or commerce, coition. 

Ko-GOME, n. Broken rice. 

KoGORi,-r«,-^/'a, i. V. To congeal, 
coagulate, curdle. 

Ko-GOSHi, n. A slight bow to a superior. 
— IUO kagajiiUy to stand in a bowing 

Ko-GOTO, n. Grumbling, fault-finding, 
scolding, censuring. — wo iu, to find 
fault, to scold. 

KoGaYE,-r?<,-/<z, i. v. Benumbed, chilled, 
stiff with cold, frozen. 

KoGOVE-jiNi, n. Frozen to death. — 

Ko-GUCHI, n. The cut end of a tree. 

KoGUCHi-GAKi, n. The title of a book 
written on the outside, across the edges 
of the leaves. 

Ko-GUSURi, n. Medicinal powder, pow- 
dered medicine. 

KoGU-VA, n. A shop where utensils for 
burnmg incense are sold. 

Ko-HAi, {sakannarzi otoroyeru). Rise 
and fall, flourish and decay. 

KoHAKU, «. Amber. 

KOHAN, iyaki miyoban')., n. Burnt alum. 

KoHAN, n. Sulphate of zinc. 

Ko-HAN-TOKi, n. A quarter of a Ja^ 
panese hour, = half an hour English. 

Ko-HARU, 71. Little spring, the tenth 
month of the Japanese year. 

KoHAZE, «. A clasp, or locket. 

Ko-HEN, 71. Court, government, the 
place where public affairs and justice 
are administered. 

Ko-HiYo, M. Small in stature, a small 

Ko-HONE, 71. The Nuphar Japonica. 

Koi, 71. The name of a river fish. 

Koi,— ^z',-/^?/,-jA/, a. Thick or dense in 
consistence ; deep in color, strong in 

Koi, 71. Love between the sexes ; also, 
brotherly love. 

Koi,-<5,-^^a, t. V. To request, ask cour- 
teously, to beg. Koi-vianeku, to call, 
invite, bid. Koi-motomeru., to ask for, 
implore, beseech, entreat. Koi-negciK.^ 
to beg for, earnestly request or desire, 
to pray for. Koi-iikerUy to ask and get, 
to obtain by request. 




Koi-BiTO, n. A person loved, a loved one, 
a lover. 

Koi-CHA, n. Powdered tea. 

KoiGUCHi, n. The joint, or place where 
the sword-handle meets the scabbard. 

Koi-KA, n. A love-song. 

Koi-KOGARE, /. V. To be inflamed or 
burn with love. 

Ko-iN, {nochi no tayori)^ n. Future op- 
portunity, in writing ; at another time. 

Ko-INU, n. A young dog, pup. 

Koi-OTOKO, n. A lover. 

KoiSHiGARi,-r?<,-«rt, /. V. To think lov- 
ingly or fondjy of, to long for. 

KoiSHii,-/^?, -"/i-M, a. That which is 
thought of with love, desire, longing, or 
fondness. Furusato ga — , thinking 
fondly of one's native place. 

KoiSHiSA, n. The longing, desire or love 
felt for anything. 

Koi-SHiTAi,-^,-(?M, t. V. To long after, 

Koi-TORI, «. A person who collects ma- 

KoiTSU, «. You blackguard ! you ras- 
cal ! 

Ko-iu, de7n. pro. This, this kind, this 
way, this manner. 

Koi-vvADZURAi,-^,-^i'a, /. V. To be love- 
sick, to pine for. 

Koi-WADZURAI, n. Love-sickness.* 

Koji,-r«,-^a, t. V. To pry, as with a le- 
ver, to gouge. Koji-akeru^ to pry up, 
to lift with a lever. Koji-akeru^ to pry 
open. Koji-hanasu^ to pry apart. 

Ko-ji, n, A small sour orange. 

K6ji,-r«,-^«, i. V. To increase, grow 
more severe, to be more confirmed, to 
be more addicted to. 

Koji, n. Barm or yeast. 

Koji-BUTA, n. A shallow box for holding 

KojiKi, n. One that begs for food, a beg- 

Ko-JIKI, n. High price. 

KojiRETTAi,--^-?/, a. Tedious, tiresome 
from slowness, prolix. 

KojiRi, n. The metal or horn tip on the 
end of a scabbard. 

Ko-jiTA, n. Tongue-tie. Kodomo 7ii — 
ga dekita., the child is tongue-tied. 

Ko-jiTSU, n. A habit of speaking, or ad- 
dicted to the use of certain words ; ex- 
cuse, plea. 

KojiTSUKE,-r«,-^«, t. V. To force, strain, 
or wrest the meaning of words ; to 
draw forced resemblances or analogies. 

KojiTSUKE, n. Forcing or wresting the 
meaning of words, a forced analogy, re- 
semblance, or inference. 

Ko-jo, «. Way or manner of speaking. 

way of talking, mode of pronouncing, 

mode of address. 
Ko-jo, 71. Word of mouth, verbal re- 
port or message. 
Ko-jC-HAN, n. A lunch taken between 

dinner and supper. 
Ko-JUN, n. Obedient and amiable. 
KojuTo, n. The husband's brother, 

Ko-ju-TOME, n. The husband's sister, 

Ko-KA, «. Back-house, privy. 
Ko-KAGE, n. Shade of a tree. 
Ko-KAI, (umi wo -wataru)., n. Crossing 

the ocean. — justu., the science of 

KoKE, n. Scales of a fish or serpent. 
KoKE, n. Fool, dunce. — tii suru, to 

make a fool of. 
KoKE, n. Moss. 
KoKE,-r«,-^a, i. v. To fall over, fall 

KoKEN, «. A deed of the sale or pur- 
chase of land. 
Ko-KEN, {ushirojiti), n. One who looks 

after, a guardian. — suru, to act as 

guardian to a child. 
Ko-KEN-jo, «. A deed of sale. 
KoKERA-BUKi, n. A roof with shingles 

several layers deep. 
KoKETSU-MAROBiTSU, adv. Falling and 

rolling over. 
Ko-Ki, fi. A kind of red wood. 
Ko-Ki, 71. Fragrance, perfume, odor, aro- 

KoKi,-/^«,-iVrt, /. V. To strip off the 
grains of rice or wheat by drawing 
through a frame set with iron teeth, 
to strip by drawing through the 

Ko-KiMi, 7t. Spirit, feelings. — ga ti\ 

to feel pleasantly. 
Ko-Kiu, «. A violin or fiddle of three 

strings. — notsuru.^ fiddle-strings. 
Ko-Kiu, 71. Expiration and inspiration, 

the breathing. 
Ko-Kivo, {furu saio), n. Native village, 

KoKKA, l^kuTii iye), «. Country. — 7io 

ta)7ie 7ii iiiochi -mo suieru, to die for 

one's country. 
KoKKEi, M. Comical or humorous talk, 

jesting, antics, anything exciting laugh- 
KoKKiN, «. The laws, or prohibitions of 

a coujitry or state. 
Ko-Ko, n. Anything pickled in salt. 

Dai-kon 710 — , pickled radishes. 
KoKO, adv. Here, this place. Koko 

kashiko, here and there, all about, 





Ko-Ko, n. Obedience to parents, filial 

KoKOCHi, n. The feelings, sensations, 
spirits. — ga warui, to feel unwell. 

KoKODAKU. Many. 

KoKOMOTO. This place, here ; I, me. 

KoKONOKA, adv. Ninth day of the 
month, or nine days. 

KOKONOTSU, a. Nine. 

KoKORA, a. Many. 

KoKORO, n. The heart ; the mind, will, 
thought, affection, reason, meaning, 
signification. — sum., to be mindful, 

KoKORO-ATE, «. That on which one de- 
pends, trusts, calculates on, or looks to, 
— as a support, encouragement, or hope. 

KoKORO-BASE, «. Volition, emotions, 
passions, spirits. 

KoKORO-BAVE, «. The natural disposi- 
tion, temper. 

KOKORO-Bosoi, a. Sad and anxious, pen- 
sive, gloomy, lonely, dispirited. 

KoKORO-DATE, n. Temper, disposition, 

KoKORO-DZUK.\i, n. Trouble of mind, 
solicitude, anxiety, perplexity, care. 

KoKORO-DZUKi,-/fe?/,-//rt, i. V. To sud- 
denly recollect or think of, to strike 
one's mind or attention. 

KoKORO-DZUMORi, n. Thinking over, 
planning, reckoning, or estimating in 
the mind. 

KoKORO-GAKARi, w. Anything on one's 
mind, care, concern. ' 

KoKORO-GAKE,-rM,-i'«, i. V. To keep in 
mind, fix in the mind, to have a care 
about, to think about. 

KoKORo-GAKE, «. Thought, care, cau- 

KoKORO-GAMAYE, it. Prcvious prepara- 
tion or readiness of mind, mind made 
up before-hand for a future contingen- 

KoKORO-GAWARi, «. Changing one's 
mind, renouncing former views. 

KoKORO-GOKORO. Various minds, diverse 

KoKORo-iKl, n. Intention, purpose, 

KoKORO-KUBARi, «. Vigilance, watchful- 
ness, circumspection. 

KoKORO-MADOij «. Perplexity, bewilder- 
ment, indecision. 

KoKORO-MAKASE-Ni, adv . As One pleases, 
just as one likes, to his own mind, 

KoKORO-Mi,-rz<,-/a, t. v. To try, prove, 
test, examine. 

KoKORO-MCCHi, n. The feelings, spirits. 

KoKORO-MoKE, n. Preparing the mind in 
expectation or in waiting for something. 

KoKORO-MOTO-NAi, - ki, - ku., a. That 
which one is uneasy about, uncertain, 
and anxious, doubtful, apprehensive. 

KoKOKO-.Mricz, 71. Disposition, temper. 

KoKORO-NARADZU. Contrary to one's 
will, or desire ; without wishing, or in- 
tending, unintentional. 

KoKORO-NE, n. Heart, disposition, tem- 

KoKORO-NOKORi, «. Regret. 

KoKORO-NiKUi, a. Bad-hearted, disa- 
greeable, hateful. 

KoKORO-OKi-NAKU, adv. Without back- 
wardness, without fear, or hesitation, 
without concealment, or mental reser- 

KoKORO-wARUi, - ki., - ku, a. Feeling 
pained, unhappy, or uncomfortable. 

KoKORO-YASUi, -/(■/,-/?•;<, a. Easy, not dif- 
ficult ; intimate, friendly ; easy, free 
from care. 

KoKORO-VASU-DATE, «. Familiarity, in- 

KoKOROYE,-r?<,-i'rt, ^. z>. To know, per- 
ceive ; to intend, to keep in mind, re- 

KoKOROYE-CHiGAi, «. Misunderstanding, 
misconception, mistake, misapprehen- 

KoKORO-YOi,--^/,-^«,-.r/^z, a. Well, easy, 
comfortable, happy, agreeable. 

KoKORO-ZAMA, «. A kind, state or habit 
of mind. 

KoKORO-ZAMUSHi, a. Feeling the loss or 
want of something with which one has 
been familiar ; lonesome, forlorn, friend- 
less ; also mean, despicable. 

KoKORO-ZASHi,-j«,-/a, /. V. To pur- 
pose, intend, design, to aim at, to de- 

KoKORO-ZASHi, n. The purpose, inten- 
tion, design, aim, desire, hope. 

KoKU, M. A grain measure of ten fo, 
equal to 5.13 bushels, or 7.551 cub. feet. 

KoKU (^naku). — sum, to cry, mourn. 

KoKU {ktmi), n. Kingdom,state, province, 
country. Koku-chiUy in the state, the 
whole country. Kokic-do, country, 
state. Koku-fuy the customs of a 
country. Koku-ho, the laws of a state. 
Koku-d., a king, or ruler of a state. 
Kokii-san., the productions of a coun- 
try. Koku-sei., the government of a 
country, also the manufactures. Ko- 
ku-yaku., public service, or work done 
for government. 

KoKU, adv. Thick or dense in consist- 
ence, deep in color, strong in taste. — 
sum — , to thicken. — nam., to be- 
come thick. See Kot. 

KoKU {kuroi)., a. Black. — biyaku. 




black and white ; met. right and wrong. 

— shokii^ a black color. — y/w, a black 
man. — ye., black clothes. 

KoKU, n. The fourth of a Japanese 
hour, = half an hour English. 

KoKU, n. Cereals, grain. Go-koku, the 
five cereals, viz., rice, wheat, millet, 
hemp, and beans. 

KokO, n. Empty space, the air. 

Ko-KUBi, n. A slight inclination of the 

KoKU-BO (kuni no haJia), n. The Em- 
peror's mother, the Queen-mother. 

KoKU-DZUKE, «. Marking the time on a 
letter or circular when it was received 
and transmitted, to insure despatch. 

KOKU-GEN {toki -wo kagiru)., n. The 
fixed time, appointed time, the time, 

KoKU-iN, «. A stamp or private chop. 

— wo utsu. 
KoKU-MOTSU, n. Grain, cereals. 
KoKU-SHo-GAN, «. Amaurosis. 
KoKu-so, «. A kind of stuff used for 

staining wood black. 

KoKU-TAN, n. Ebony. 

Ko-KUWAi i^nochi ni kuyamti)., n. Sor- 
row or regret for something done, re- 
pentance, remorse, compunction. — 
suru, to repent. 

Ko-KUWATSU. Cimning. knavish. 

Ko.MA, n. A top; chessmen, a pawn; 
a colt ; a small room ; the bridge of a 

KoMADORi, n. A small bird. 

Ko.MAUZUKAi, n. A young servant girl. 

KoMA-GOMA-TO, «. Minutelv, particu- 

KoMA-iNU, n. The stone image of a dog 
before Sintoo temples. 

KoMAKA-NA, a. Fine, small, minute, 

KoMAKA-Ni, adv. Minutely, particularly, 
fine, small. 

Ko-MAKU, n. The tympanum. 

Ko-MAKURA, n. The small pad or cushion 
fixed on a wooden pillow. 

KoMA-MONO, n. Small or fine wares, 
such as toilet articles, mirror, comb, 
rouge, tooth-brush, powder, etc. Ko- 
inanionflya^ a shop where ladies toilet 
articles are sold. 

Ko-MAN, n. Pride, haughtiness, arro- 
gance, boasting. 

Ko-MANAKA, «. The quarter of a 

Ko-MANEKi,-/^M,-zM, t. V. To beckon 
with the hand. 

KoMAN'UKi,-/^7<,-?Va, /. V. To fold the 

Ko.MARASE,r«,-/rt, caust. of Komaru^ 

to trouble, afflict, vex, annoy, molest, 

KoMARi,-;'z<',-^z'a, i. v. To be troubled, 
annoyed, vexed, afflicted, distressed. 

Ko-MATA, n. The crotch between the 
legs, short steps. 

KoMATCHAKURE,-rM,-j'a, t. V. To be 
vain, pompous, or affected. 

KoMAVAKA. Fine, small, minute, delicate. 

Ko-MAYE, n. The lower class of people, 
such as tenants or renters of houses. 

KoMAYE, n. The bamboo strips used as 
lathing for plastered walls. 

KoMAYOSE. n. A low picket fence, pale- 

KoM-BU, n. A kind of edible sea-weed. 
— the Laminaria. 

KoME, n. Cleaned rice. — no ko., rice 
flour. Kome-bitsu, a rice-box. Kome- 
bukuro.^ a. rice-bag or sack. Kome- 
burui., a rice sieve. Kome-daivara., a 
straw rice-bag. Kome-gitra., a store- 
house for rice, rice granary. Kome- 
7nushz, t:ie v.'eevil. Kome-tsuki^ a per- 
son who cleans rice by pounding it in a 
mortar. Kome-ya., a rice store. 

Ko-MEI (ftadakai^y n. High name, fa- 
mous, celebrity, great reputation.^ 

KoME-KAMi, n. The temple or side ol 
the forehead. 

KoMENDo, n. Troublesome, meddling. 

KoME-OKi,-y4-?^,-/V«. t. V. To placc in, to 
confine, inclose, to garrison. 

KoMERo, n. A young female ; a con- 
temptuous word. 

KoMi,-w«^,-«rt?rt, t. 7>. To put into, to 
crowd into ; mostly affixed to the roots 
of verbs, with the meaning of, — into, in. 
Nage-komu.^ to throw into. Komi-au., 
crowded together. Komi-zru., to enter 
pell-mell. Koini-yarziy to cheat in 
making up an account, to squeeze, or 
defraud, to take in. 

Komi, n. The odds given to a poor hand 
at draughts ; in the lump ; several 
things of different kinds or values at 
once. Kozni ni kau., to buy in the 
lump or gross. 

KoMi-AGE,-rz<,-^a,^.7'. To retch, heave, 
or strain in vomiting. 

Ko-MijiN, n. Fine pieces. 

KoMi-YA, n. A ramrod. 

Ko-MiYo, n. Famous, celebrated or illus- 
trious deeds. 

KoMizo,-««, a. Small and trivial, little, 

KoM.MORi-TO, adv. Dark, — shita ya^ 
7na.i a dark wooded moimtain. 

KoMO, n. Straw matting, used for mak- 
ing bags. 


Ko-MOCHI-DZUKI, n. The moon nearly 
full, or the fourteenth day of the month. 

KoMO-DARE, n. A straw mat hung be- 
fore the door. 

KoMOGE,-r«,-/a, t. v. To be musty, 

Ko.Mo-GOMO, adv. Mutually, from one 

KoMO-KABURi, n. Covered with straw 
matting, as a sake tub or a beggar. 

Ko-MON, fi. Small figures on cloth. 

Ko-MON, n. The anus. 

Ko-MONO, n. A young servant boy, er- 
rand boy. 

KoMORASE,-r?<,-z'a, caust. of Komoru. 
To order, let, or cause others to be 
confined or shut up. 

KoMORi,-r«,-/a, i. V. To be shut up, 
confined, immured ; included, con- 
tained, comprised ; to be close and un- 

Ko-MORi, n. A young female nurse. 

KoMORi, «. A bat. 

KoMORi-GASA, n. A European umbrella. 

KoMOSo, n. A person of the Samurai 
class guilty of some political offence or 
other crime, who takes refuge in a tem- 
ple, and lives by begging. 

KoM-PAKU, n. The spirit of the dead, 
the soul. 

KoM-PAN, adv. This time, now, at the 
present time. 

KoMPEiTo, n. A kind of candy. 

KoM-PON, ft. The origin, beginning ; the 
place or cause from which anything 

KoMUGi, n. Wheat. — no ko, wheat 

KoMURA, «. The calf of the leg. Ko77tu- 
ra-gayeri, cramp in the calf of the leg. 

K6MURi,-r«,-/^a, /. V. To receive from 
a superior. 

KoMCRi, «. A crown. — gasa,3ir\ Euro- 
pean umbrella. 

KoN. Numeral for glasses of wine ; as. 
Sake ikkon, one wine-glass full of 

KoN (/l-zw), n. Gold, golden. 

KoN (iina). Now, present time. Kon- 
ban.^ this evening, to-night. Kon-cho, 
this morning. Kon-do., this time, now. 
Kon-getsti, this month. Kon-jd, this 
life. Kon-ktyo., this morning's dawn. 
Kon-nen^ this year. Kon-nichi., to- 
day. Kon-sekc., this evening. Kon-ya., 

KoN, n. A dark blue color. 

KoNA, n. Flour, meal, fine powder of 
anything. Kona-ya^ a flour store. 

KoNAiDA, ad7'. Lately, recently, within 
a few days past. 


KoNAKARA, adv. A quarter, one fourth ; 
a little. 

KoNARE,-r?<,-/a, /. V. Reduced to pow- 
der, digested. 

KoNASHi,-Jw,-^a;, ^. V. To reduce to 
powder, or make fine ; to digest, to 
thresh ; to deride, to treat with ridi- 
cule ; to manage or bring into subjec- 

KoNATA, adv. Here, this side ; I, you 
(to inferiors). Anata konata, here and 
there, both sides, both persons. 

KoNDATE, n. A bill of fare ; the difier- 
ent courses at an entertainment. 

KoNDZURU {majiru), t. v. To mix, min- 
gle, to confuse. 

KoNE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To knead, to work 
or mix together. 

Ko-NEN {nochi no toski)^ k, Future year, 
years to come. 

KoN-GEN, n. Beginning, origin. 

KoN-Gi, or KON-TENGi, «. The brass 
meridian of a celestial globe. 

KoN-Gi, n. Marriage contract, matri- 

KoN-Go, n. The diamond. 

KoN-Go-RiKi-SHi, n. The monster idols 
which guard the gates of Buddhist tem- 

KoN-Go-SEKi, n. The diamond, ada- 

KoN-Go-SHA, n. Emery. 
Ko_n-g6-tsuve, n. A staff with metal 
rings on the top, carried by Vama~ 

KoN-i (nengoro no kokord). Friendship, 
amity ; intimate, familiar, friendly. 

KoNiDA, n. A pack-horse. 

Ko-NiN, n. One who surrenders, or lays 
down his arms. 

KoN-iN, 71. A marriage, matrimony, 

KoN-jiKi (^kogane no ird). Golden color. 

KoN-jo, n. Prussian blue. 

KoN-jo, «. Natural disposition, temper, 
character, spirit, turn of mind. 

KoN-Ki, n. Natural vigor, nervous pow- 
er, energy, stamina. 

KoN-Kiu, n. Poverty, want, adversity, 

KoN-KU, n. Distress and hardship, tribu- 
lation, misery. 

KoNNA. This way, this manner, so, thus, 

KoN-NAN, n. Suffering, distress, misery, 
anguish, affliction. 

KoNO,/r(7. This. Kono-aida., lately, re- 
cently, within a few days past. Kono- 
kata, from that time until now, since 
then, ever since. 

Ko-No, n. Virtue, efficacy, power, — only 




of medicine. Kond-gaki, an advertise- 
ment of a medicine. 

Ko-NO-HA, n. A leaf of a tree. 

KojNO-kami, n. Elder brother. 

KoNOMASHii,-^/,-/tz/, a. Anything which 
one likes or is fond of; agreeable, pleas- 
ant, desirable. 

Ko-NO-ME, //. Bud of a tree. 
• Ko-NO-Mi, n. Fruit of a tree. 

KoNOMi,-;«z^,-«^rt, /. V. To like, be fond 
of, to relish, to be pleased with, to de- 

Ko-NO-MON'o, «. Radishes pickled in 
salt and bran. 

KoNOWATA, «. Biche-de-mer. 

KoN-RAN. Confused, mixed, blended to- 
gether in disorder ; a disturbance. 

KoN-REi, n. A wedding, marriage cere- 

KoN-Riu. — suru^ to build or erect by 
contribution or subscription. 

KoN-RO, «. An earthenware furnace. 

KoN-SHi, (tiengoro naru kokorozashi). 
Kindness, goodwill, benevolence. 

KoNTENGi, M. A celestial globe. 

KoN-To. Falling from dizziness or faint- 

KoN-TON, n. Chaos. 

KoNU, (neg. of A7, kurii). Not come. 

Mada konu, not j-^et come. 
KoNUKA, n. Rice-bran. 
KoNUKA-AME, «. A fine, drizzling rain. 
KoN-VA, «. A dye-house, dyer. 
KoN-ZATSU, «. Confusion, disorder ; 

mixed, or jumbled together. 
Ko-OTSU. These and those persons, good 

or bad, superior or inferior. — nas/ii, 

all alike, no difference. — wo tsukeru^ 

to say which is best. 
KoppA, n. A chip or block of wood or 

KopPAi, n. Back of the head, occi- 

KoPPi, n. A playing card, a domino. 

Koppo, {hone gumi), n. The bony frame 
of the body. 

KoRAi, adv. Corea. 

Ko-RAI, adv. Henceforth, in future, 

Ko-RAN', n. A balustrade around the top 
of a building. 

KoRARE,-rz<,-/a. Poten. mood, of /T/, 
kuru, can come. Neg. Korarenu, 
cannot come. 

K6RASE,-r«,-/a, caust. oi Kdru^to cause 
to freeze. 

KoRASHi,-JM,-/a, /. V. To correct, pun- 
ish, chastise, or reprove for one's good ; 
to chasten, to warn ; to give one's 
whole mind to, or concentrate one's I 
powers on anything. ^ 

KoRASHiME, «. Reproof, punishment, 

chastisement, correction. 

KoRASHiME,-r«,-i'(i, t. V. To correct, 
reprove, to punish, chastise. 

KoRAVE,-rM,-^a, /. V. To bear, endure, 
stand, sustain, to resist, suffer patient- 
ly, to forbear. Koraye-kaneru., im- 
possible to bear, or hard to bear. 

KOR.A.VERARE,-ri/,-i'rt. Pass. or pot. of 

Koraye., can bear. Korayeraretiu., can- 
not be borne or endured. 

KoRE, /r£7. This; here. 

KoRERA, /r(7. These, such as this. 

KoRE-SHiKi. This kind. 

Ko-Ri, n. High rate of interest, usury. 
— IVO toru. 

KoRi, ft. A bale, package — ^generally of 
100 catties. 

K6Ri,-r?<,-2'z'a, t. V. To make into a bale, 
or bundle. 

KoRi, n. Ice. 

K6Ri,-r«,-^^a, i. v. To freeze, congeal. 

KoRi, n. The subdivision of a Kuiii^ a 

KoRi, «. The hold of a ship. 

Ko-Ri, n. Cleansing by washing, or 
pouring water over the bod)% 

KoRii-r^c.-Za, /. V. To be warned, or ad- 
monished by some past occurrence ; to 
be taught a lesson by past misconduct 
or danger, to be punished. 

KoRi-r«,-^^«, I. V. To freeze, congeal, 
cr>'stallize ; to be wholly given up to, 
addicted to, engrossed in. Kori-kata~ 
fnaru, to be engrossed in, absorbed, 
taken up with. 

KoRi,-;-M,-^/«, t. V. To cut timber. 

Ko-RIKO. Adroit, smart, clever. 

KoRi-.MAME, n. A confectionary made 
of parched beans coated with sugar. 

KoRi-.MESHi, n. Boiled rice carried in a 
section of bamboo for lunch. 

Ko-RiYo, n. Government or public land. 

Ko-RivoKU, «. Benefactions, charitable 
donations, contributions, help, assist- 
ance to the poor. 

KoRi-ZATo, n. Crystalized sugar, rock 

KORO, n. Time, period of tinae. Itsti 
goro, when? Kono — , soon, in a few 

KoRO, n. A cylindrical wooden roller 
used in moving heavy bodies. 

Ko-RO, n. A censer for burning in- 

KoROBASHi,-.w,-/rt, t. V. To cause to fall 
down, to tumble down, to roll. 

KoROBi,-(57<,-Wd;, z. V. To fall down, to 
tumble down, to fall and roll over. 

KoROGARi,-r«,-^^a, i. v. To roll about, 
roll over and over. 




KoRO-KORO-TO, adv. The sound, or ap- 
pearance of anything rolling. 

Ko-ROKU, n. High salary. 

KoROMO, n. The outside robe worn by 
Buddhist priests ; clothing. 

KoRO.MO-GAVE, 11. Changing the clothes 
from the wadded clothes of winter, to 
the lighter clothes of summer. 

KoROMOTONAi,-/^/,-/^«, a. DoubtfuI, un- 

Ko-RON, n. A quarrel, angry conten- 
tion, brawl, dispute. 

KoRO-oi, n. Time, period of time. 

KoRORi, n. Asiatic cholera. 

KoRORi-TO, adv. In a rolling manner, 
or souni ; suddenly. 

KoROSHi,-j«,-^a, /. V. To kill, slay, 

KoROTSUKi,-,^?^,-/^, i. V. To roll about. 

KoSA, n. The thickness, consistence. 

Ko-SAi, {nochi no tsuina)^ n. A second 

Ko-SAi, n. The iris. 

KosAi-Ni, adz\ Minutely, particularly. 

Ko-SAKU, {tagayeshi tsukiiru). Cultiva- 
tion of the land, farming. — sum., to 
surrender, capitulate. 

KosAME, n. A drizzling rain. 

Ko-SAN, (kudari inairu). Submission, 
surrender, capitulation. — sum., to 

Ko-SATSU, n. The board containing the 
Imperial edicts. 

KosEBiTSU, 71. An eruption of the skin. 

Ko-SEi, {nocht on yo)., n. Future genera- 
tion, future times. 

Ko-SEKi, n. A hall where stories are 
told, or discourses delivered ; an audi- 

Ko-SEKi, {iye kadzu no chomen)., n. A 
register of the names and number of 

KosE-KOSE, adv. Fond of little or tri- 
fling matters. 

Ko-SEN, n. Commission for selling goods, 
brokerage, percentage. 

Ko-SEN, n. An infusion of Sktso and 
parched rice, used instead of tea. 

KosETSUKi,-/i'^^,-z7rt, t. V. To be fond of 
little, petty or trifling matters. 

Ko-SHA, n. A blind person. 

Ko-SHA, «. An ingenious, clever, expert, 
or skilful person. 

Ko-SHAKU-NA, a. Having a smattering 
of knowledge, pedantic. 

Ko-SHAKU, n. Exposition, discourse, 
•lecture, disquisition, sermon. — sum., 
to lecture, discourse, explain. 

KosHAKU-SHi, n. A public story-teller, 
or lecturer on ancient history. 

Ko-SHi, n. An ambassador, envoy, for- 

eign minister. Koshi-kuwan., the of- 
fice of a foreign minister, legation. 

Ko-SHi, {oJHotemuki nais/io). Public and 
and private. — no oime., public and 
private debts. 

Ko-SHi, ?t. Confucius. 

Ko-SHi, n. Lattice-work. — vtado., a« 
latticed window. — do., a door made 
of latticed bars. 

KoSHi, «. A bier in which a coffin is 
carried at a funeral. 

KosHi, n. A sedan chair, only used by 
the Mikado, or Kuge ; the shrine in 
which the Kami are carried at festi- 

KosHi, n. The loins. Koshi-no-niono., 
the things carried in the belt, side arms, 
the sword. Koshi-sage^ articles worn 
suspended from the belt, such as the 
tobacco pipe and pouch, inkstand and 

KosHi,-j«,-^«, t. V. To cross over. 

KoSHi ,-^7<,-i'a, t. V. To strain, to filter. 

KosHi-ATE, n. A kind of shield over the 
loins, to protect it from the quiver. 

KoSHi-BARi, n. Wall paper, spread on a 
wall some two feet high from the floor, 
to protect the clothes from the plaster. 

KosHi-BiYoBU, n. A low kind of screen. 

KosHi-BONE, n. The os sacrum. 

KosHi-Boso, n. A kind of wasp. 

KosHi-iTA, n. The paste board worn in 
the back of the Hakama. 

KosHi-iRE. n. Putting the bride into a 
norimon to convey her to the house of 
her husband. 

KosHi-KAKi, n. The bearers of the nori- 

KosHi-KAKE, n. A raised seat, a chair ; 
anything raised to sit on. 

KosHi-KATA, n. The past, the time past 
of one's life, old times. 

KosHiKE, n. Fluor-albus. 

KosHiKi, «. A vessel for steaming food 
in ; the hub of a wheel. 

KosHi-MAKi, n. A petticoat or shirt worn 
by women. 

KoSHi-MiNO, n. A covering made of 
grass, tied around the waist, to protect 
the hips and thighs from rain, worn by 

KosHi-MOTO, «. A maid-servant, a cham- 

KosHi-NUKE, n. One weak in the loins, 
a cripple ; a coward. — bushi, a cow- 
ardly soldier. 

KoSHi-ORE, n. Poetry defective in met- 
rical structure, or rhythm. 

KosHiRAVE,-r«,-/^i, t. V. To make, to 
form, fashion, prepare, make ready, 
make up. 




KosHiRAYE-GOTO, «. A fiction, a made- 
up story. 

KoSHiTSU, n. An inveterate or chronic 

Ko-SHiTSU, n. A widow. — only used 
of nobles. 

Ko-SHO, n. A written judgment or con- 
demnation of a criminal, the charge of 
f a judge. 
: KosHo, n. Black pepper. 

KosHo, n. Objection ; adverse reason or 
circumstances ; hindrance, impediment. 
— wo iu, to object. 

Ko-SHO, n. A boy servant who waits 
upon a noble, or the head priest of a 
Buddhist temple ; a page. 

Ko-SHO, (^kuchi-gaki^ n. A written con- 
fession, a deposition, written declara- 
tion. — ivo toru, to take down a con- 

Ko-SHO, (daiku^ n. A carpenter. 

Ko-SHO, n. Mechanic and merchant. 

KosHo-iRE, n. A pepper-box. 

Ko-SHOKU, (iro wo kanomu.) Lewd, 
lecherous, lascivious. 

Ko-so, n. An action, or suit at law, com- 
plaint or appeal madeto an official. 

Koso. A particle which serves to par- 
ticularize or give emphasis to the word. 

KosoBAGARi,-ri<, i. V. To be ticklish. 

KosoBAi, a. To tickle, itchy. 

KosoBASA, n. Ticklishness. 

KosoBAVi;i,-/^z,-/t«,-j//!/, a. Having the 
sensation of tickling, itchy. 

KosoDE, n. The wadded silk coat usu- 
ally worn by Samurai or people of the 
higher class. 

KosoGE,-rM,-i'a, t. v. To scrape. 

KosoGURi,-rM,-/'M, t. V. To tickle. 

Koso-Koso, adv. Secretly, clandestine- 
ly, stealthily. 

KosoKU. Temporizing, procrastinating, 
easy and complying. 

KosSA-Ni, adv. Artfully, cunningly, 
craftily, knavishly, insidiously. 

KossoRi-TO, adv. Secretly, clandestine- 
ly, stealthily. 

Kosu, n. A hanging shade or screen 
made of bamboo. 

Kosui, n. A lake. 

Kosui,-/&/,-/^z^, a. Stingy, mean, nig- 
gardly, close, miserly, avaricious. 

KosuRi,-r?/,-2'^rt:, t. V. To rub, to use 
friction to anything. Kositri-komu., 
to rub into. Kosiiri-otosu., to rub out, 
erase. Kosuri-tsukeru. to rub on. 

Ko-TAI. Alternation, to do by turns. — 
sum, to do by turns, alternate. 

KoTATSU. A hearth or fireplace covered 
with a quilt, under which people warm 

KoTAYE,-r?<,-^«, t. V. To answer, to re- 
ply, to respond ; to feel, to penetrate, 
or reach to, as pain ; to suffer, endure, 

KoTCHo, n. The utmost or highest de- 
gree, acme. Dzurui no — , the chief of 
knaves. Omoshiroi no — , the most 

KoTE, «. Defensive armor for the arm 
and hand ; a bracelet ; a trowel, a 
smoothing iron. 

Ko-TEi, n. Filial piety and brotherly 
love, respect for elders. 

KoTE-iTA, n. A paddle used by masons 
and plasterers. 

KoTE-KOTE, adv. Much, abundantly, a 
good deal. 

Ko-To. Dignified. 

Ko-To. The larynx. 

Koto, n. A harp, or lyre. 

Koto, n Affair, event, transaction, oc- 
currence, fact, business, concern, cir- 
cumstance, thing, matter, word. 

Koto. DifiFerent, strange. Koto-gokoro 
wo idaku.^- to have a treacherous heart. 

KOTOBA, n. A word, language, speech, 

KoTOBA-DZUKAi, «. Use of words, way 
of talking, manner of pronouncing, dic- 

KoTOBA-jiCHi, n. A promise, the pledge 
of one's word or veracity. 

KoTOBA-UTSusHi Ni, adv. Word for word, 

KoTOBUKi, n. Complimentary language, 
a toast in honor or in praise ; age, 
length of life. 

KoTODZuKARi,-^«,-j?^«, /. V. To be en- 
trusted with a message or commission 
to another. 

KoTODZUKE, n. A verbal message. 

KoTODZUKE,-rK,-^rt, /. V. To avail one's 
self of an opportunity or aid of another 
to do anything. 

Koto-dzujMI, n. End or completion of 
one's work. 

KoTo-FLRE, M, A Strolling fortune-teller 
of the weather, crops, or sickness. 

KoTo-GARA, n. Kind, or nature of affair. 
— w/jV^/i"^, according to the merits of 
the case. 

KoTo-GOTOKU, adv. All, every one. 

KoTo-GOTO-Ni, adv. Everything, every 
matter or circumstance. 

KoTo-GOTOSHii, -/&/,- >^M, a. Making 
much of an affair, exaggerating. 

KoTOHOGi,-^«,-j-///, L v. To celebrate, 
commemorate ; to felicitate. 

KoTOi, «. A bull. 

KoTO-KAGi,-^/^,-^a, t. V. To be deficient 
in, in want of, to be short of, or lacking 
in something. 




KoTO-KAWARi,-r«,-^^a, i.v. To be dif- 
ferent, to be dissimilar, distinct, un- 

KoTO-KiRE,-r?<!,-/«, /. V. To end, con- 
clude, finish, to die. 

KoTO-KOMAYAKA-Ni, adv. Minutely, par- 

KoTONARi,-r?/, i. V. To be different, un- 
like, unusual, strange. 

KoTO-Ni, adv. Especially, particularly. 

KoTO-NO-HOKA, adz) . Unusually, extra- 
ordinarily, uncommonly, exceedingly, 
beyond measure. 

KoTO-osoi. Slow of speech, stammer- 

Ko-TORi, n. A small bird. 

KoTO-SARA-Ni, adv. Particularly, in an 
especial manner. 

KoTO-SHi, n. Harp or lyre maker. 

Ko-TOSHi, n. This year. 

KoTO-SHiGEKi,-/i-«, a. Busy, hurried or 
over-run with business, thronged. 

KoTO-suKUNA, a. Easy, short, not diffi- 

KoTO-TARi,-r«. To answer the purpose, 
will do ; to be content, satisfied ; suffi- 
cient, enough. 

KoTOWARi,-r«,-z'2'rt, z. V. To refuse, de- 
cline ; forbid ; to state, mention. 

KoTOWARi, n. Reason, principle, cause, 
nature ; excuse, plea ; meaning. 

KoTOWAZA, n. An adage, common say- 
ing, proverb. 

KoTOVosE,-r?<,-Aj, t. V. To make a pre- 
text of, to pretend, to do as an excuse ; 
to allude, to hint at. 

KoTSU, ft. Bone ; a knack, tact or dex- 
terity in doing. Kotsu-gara, the bony 
frame. Kotsu-inaku, the periostium. 
Kotsii-niku^ bone and flesh, blood re- 
lations, kindred. Kotsu-riu, a bony 
tumor, exostosis. 

KoTSU, n. A weight — the tenth part of 

Ko-TSUBO, n. The womb. 

KoTSU-DZUi, n. The marrow. 

Ko-TSUDZUMi, n. A small kind of drum. 

KoTSUGAi, H. A beggar. 

KoTSUjiKi, n. A beggar. 

KoTSU-zEN-TO, adv. Suddenly, unex- 

KoTTERi, adv. Gross in taste, thick in 

Ko-iiRi, a. A retail-merchant ; selling 
at retail. 

Ko-usHi, n. A calf. 

Ko-UTA, n. A sonnet, ditty. 

Ko-WA,/r(j. This; also an exclamation 
of surprise. 

KowAB.A.Ri,-rM,-^if«, i. V. To be hard 
and stiff. 

KowADAKA, n. A loud voice. 

KowADZUKUKi, n. Clearing the throat, 
to hem in preparing to speak. 

Ko\VAG.\Ri,-ru ,-t^a , i. v. To be timid, 
afraid, to be frightened. 

KowA-GOVVA, adv. Fearful, afraid, dread- 

KovvAi,-/^z',-/^«,-J-^z", a. Fearful, afraid ; 
dreadful, dangerous, alarming. Kowa- 
kii nai^ not afraid. 

KowAi,-.^/,-/&«,-j/zz, a. Stiff, hard, rigid, 

KowAiRO, n. The tone of voice. — ivo 
tstikau^ to imitate the voices of differ- 
ent persons, as a ventriloquist. 

KovvAKi, n. The side, or under the arm. 
Nagi-tiata %vo — ni kakayeru^ hold- 
ing the spear under his arm. 

KowAMESHi, n. A kind of food made of 
rice and beans. 

KowANE, n. The tone of voice. 

KowARAMBE, «. A little child. 

KowARE,-r?i!,-i?a, i. V. To be broken. 

KowARi,-r?<,-^/'a, i. v. To be hard, be- 
come hard. 

KowASA, n. Stiffness, hardness, rigidity ; 
fearfulness, dreadfulness. 

KowASARE,-rM,-2'a, pass, oi Koivasu. To 
get broken. 

KowASHi,-jz/,-/«, t. V. To break, to 

Ko-VA, n. A dye-house, dyer. 

KovA, n. A small house, hut, pen. 

Ko-VAK;AMASHn,-/&z,-/^z<, a. Noisy, mak- 
ing a disturbance, fault-finding, cap- 

Ko-VAKU, n. A medical plaster, oint- 
ment, cerate. 

KoYASHi, n. Manure. Koyashi-tsubo^ 
a large jar used for holding manure. 

KovASHi,-j«,-M, /. V. To fertilize, to 
enrich, to manure. 

KovASU-GAi, n. A species of cowry. 

KovATSU. That rascal. 

KovE, n. The voice. Toki no — zoo 
ageru., to give a shout. 

KovE, tt. Manure. 

KoYE,-^?<!,-^(Z, i. V. To grow fat, plump, 
or fleshy ; to be fertile, rich, produc- 
tive. Koye-futoru^ to grow fat and 

KovE,-r«,-^«, t. V. To cross, pass over ; 
to excel, surpass ; to transgress. 

Ko-VEDA, n. A twig, small branch, shoot. 

Ko-YEKi, n. Barter, exchange of com- 
modities, trade, commerce. 

Ko-Yo, n. Public service, government 

Ko-YOi, adv. This evening. 

KoYOMi, n. Almanac, calendar. — ha- 
kase, almanac maker. 




KoYONAKi. Nothing above this, = high- 
est, greatest. — saiwai, greatest good 

KovoRi, n. Paper rolled or twisted into 
a string. 

Ko-vuBi, «. The little finger. 

KoYUMAKi, n. An under-garment worn 
by women from the waist to the 

Ko-ZA, n, A high seat, a rostrum, or 
high platform, a pulpit. 

Ko2AKASHii,-/&/,-/t?<, a. Having a shal- 
low smartness, or low cunning ; ad- 

Ko-ZEN-TO, adv. Publicly, openly, above- 

Ko-zo, n. A young Buddhist priest, a 
small servant boy. 

KozoRi, -ru,-Ua, t. v. To assemble, 
gather together. Kozori-atsufnarUy 
to be assembled together. 

KozOTPE, adv. Including every one. 

Ku. Nine. — /m, ninety. Ku bu icht\ 
one-ninth. Kubu-ku-rin, ninety-nine 
parts. Ku-ku., nine times nine. Ku- 
ku-safi., multiplication. 

Ku, n. A verse, or stanza of poetry ; a 

Ku, n. Trouble, pain, labor, hard work, 
toil ; solicitude, anxiety, uneasiness of 

Ku, n. Empty space, the air, the sky ; 
vacant, thoughtless, idle, aimless. Kil- 
ku-jaku-jaku^ vacantly and idly. Ku- 
c/it, vacant land. Ku-chiu^ empty 
space, the air. Ku-kiyo, empty, void. 

KuBARi,-r«,-^/«, t. V. To distribute, to 
deal out, divide. Kokoro tuo — , to 
give careful attention to many things. 
Ji-kubari., the order or arrangement 
of characters. 

KuBARi,-r«,-^^a, i. v. To fall into the 

KuBE,-rM,-^a, t. V. To put into the 

KuBi, n. The neck, the head. — no 
hone^ the cervical vertebrae. — wo 
kiru, to behead, decapitate. Te no — , 
the wrist. Ashi no — , the ankle. 

KuBi-BiKi, «. Trying the strength of the 
neck, by two persons putting their 
necks through a loop in each end of a 
rope, and pulling in opposite directions ; 
(fig.) to bid against each other in buy- 

KuBi-DAi, n. Money paid as commuta- 
tion for one's life. 

KuBi-G.^SE, n. The cangue. 

KuniKi, n. A yoke. 

Krni-KiRi,-r«,-/^rt, /. V. To cut off the 
head, to behead, decapitate. 

KuBi-KiRi-BA, «. The place where crim- 
inals are beheaded, execution ground. 

KuBi-KUKURi,-»-?<,-/M, z. V. To hang 
one's self by the neck. 

KuBi-MAKi, n. A cravat, tippet, neck- 

KuBiRK,-r«,-/a, /. V. To be hanged by 
the neck. 

KuBiRE-jiNi, «. Suicide by hanging. 

KuBiRi,-r«,-^/a, t. V. To choke, strangle. 
Kubiri-korosu.^ to strangle, to kill by 

KuBisu, n. The nape of the neck. 

KuBi-suji, n. The muscles on the back 
of the neck. 

KuBi-TAMA, n. A collar for the neck. 

K.VBOi,-kz,-s/tt, a. Concave, depressed, 
hollowed, indented, sunken. Kuboku 
suru^ to hollow out. — naru^ to be- 
come hollowed, or concave. 

KuBO.Mi,-;««,-«i/a, /. 71. To be concave, 
depressed, hollowed, sunken, indented. 

KuBOMi, n. A concavity, a hollow place, 
a depression, indentation. 

KuCHi, n. The mouth ; an orifice, aper- 
ture ; entrance, door, opening ; in mer- 
cantile language, = demand, request ; 
kind, mark, or brand, article, item, or 
quality of goods ; language, mouths or 
number of persons. — ga suberu^ to 
make a slip of the tongue. Tokku*'i 
ni kuchi ivo sum. to cork a bottle. — 
ni tnakasu^ to talk at random. — de 
7trit, to sell by the quantity. — ivo ka- 
keru^ to speaic for, apply for, solicit. 

KucHi,-r7<,-^a, i. v. To decay, to rot, 

KucHi-AKE, «. Opening of a sale, com- 
mencement of sale. 

KrcHi-BA, n. Withered leaves. 

KucHi-BAMi, n. A venomous snake. 

KrcHi-BASHi, «. The bill, or beak of a 

KuCHi-BASHiRi,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To be pos- 
sessed by the spirit of one dead, and 
utter his mind ; to rave like a madman, 
to tell from one to another. 

KuCHiBiRU, n. The lips. 

KucHiBUVE, «. Whistling. — wo /uku, 
to whistle. 

KucHi-DOME, n. Hushing or stopping 
another from speaking or telling any- 
thing. Ktichi-dome wo shite oku, to 
bribe one to secrecy. 

KucHi-DZUKAKA, adv. With one's own 

KucHi-DZUSAMi, «. Humming or singing 
to one's self. 

KuCHi-GAKi, (kosko,) n. A deposition, 
written confession. 

KuCHi-GiREi-NA, tt. Pleasantly spoken, 




speaking so as to please or gratify 

KuCHI-GITANAI,-^z",-/^?^,-i'A/, a. Foul- 

mouthed, blackguard, disagreeable or 
coarse language. 

KucHi-GOMORi,-r«,-/'/«, i. V. To stutter, 
stammer, to mumble or to speak indis- 

KucHi-GO-SHA, ti. A person clever at 
talking, eloquent. 

KucHi-GOTAVE, ti. Answering back in a 
surly manner to a superior. 

KucHi-GUCHi-Ni, adv. Many dififerent 
persons or kinds. 

Ki'CHi-GUSURi, n. Powder used only for 
priming a gun. 

KucHi-HATE,-r?<,-^a, /. v. Completely 
decayed or rotten. 

Kl'CHI-ire, n. An intelligence-office, 
where servants may be hired. 

KucHi-Ki, n. A decayed tree, rotten 

KuCHi-KiKi, n. Clever at talking, elo- 

KucHi-KUSE, n. A byword, something 
which one is in the habit of saying; 
cant word. 

KuCHi-MAi, n. Rice extracted by an in- 
spector from a bag as a sample. 

KuCHi-MAME, — ««, talkative, loqua- 
cious, garrulous. 

KucHi-MANE, n. Repeating what an- 
other says, mimicking another's way of 
talking, mocking. 

KucHi-MOTO, n. The mouth or near the 
mouth ; near the door. 

KucHi-NAGUSAMi, n. Talking for amuse- 
ment, or pastime. 

KuCHi-NAMEDZURi, 71. Lickmg the mouth, 
or chops, as a dog after eating. 

KuCHiNASHi, n. The Cape Jasmine, Gar- 
denia Floribunda. 

KrcHiNAWA, n. A snake. 

KrcHi-osHi!,--^z,-/^;^-i-a, a. A thing to 
be regretted or sorry for, or which ex- 
cites disappointment. Kucliioshiku 
OHIO., to feel regret. 

Kixyi-RiKo, 71. Clever at talking. 

KuCHi-SAGANAi,-/l'i,->t?^, a. Given to low 
and vulgar language, babbling. 

KuCHi-SAGASHii,-,4-2,-^-«, a. Plausible, 
specious in talking. 

KucHi-SAKi, n. The lips, in distinction 
from the heart. — de iic^to say only 
with the lips. 

KuCHi-sosoGi, n. Cleansing the mouth, 

KuCHisuGi, w. A living, livelihood. 

KucH!-sui,-j?/ ,-//«, t. V. To suck the 
mouth, to kiss. 

KiCHi-TORi, n. A horse-boy, hostler. 


KuCHi-TORi, n. A dessert of confection- 
ary taken after meals. 
Ku-CHiU-ZAi, «. Anthelmintic medi- 

KucHi-w.\KE, n. Assorting goods ac- 
cording to the quality, or brand. — wo 
stiru., to assort goods. 

KucHi-YAKAMASHi,->^/,-/^«, a. _ Noisy, or 
troublesome from much talking. 

KuCHo, n. Unison, harmony, or agree- 
ment with what another says. 

KuDA, «. A section of bamboo, a pipe- 
stem, a tube, the spindle of a spinning- 

KuDAKAKE, «. Day-break, the time of 

KuDAKE,-r«,-/«, i. V. Broken into pieces, 
shivered, crushed. 

KuDAKi,-4-z<,-zVa, t. V. To break to 
pieces, shiver, crush, smash. Kan-tan 
nvo kudakiiy to do with great care and 

KuDA-KUDASHii,-/^/,-/l-7<, a. Trouble- 
some or tedious repetition, needless 

KuDAMONo, n. Fruit. 

KuDANT. Before-mentioned, the said, 
aforesaid, above-mentioned. 

KuDARANU, neg. of kiidari. Won't or 
cannot go down, don't understand, un- 
intelligible ; useless, stupid, absurd. 

KuDARi,-r«,-^/rt, /. V. To go down, get 
down, descend ; to purge ; to depre- 
ciate in quality or value ; to surrender, 

KuDARi, n. A descent ; a purging ; fall 
in price ; surrender ; a row or line from 
top to bottom. Bun ni — han.^ three 
lines and a half of writing ; a writing 
of divorcement. 

KiDASAi-MASHi,-j«,-^«, /. V. To give to 
an inferior. 

KuDASARE,-y?<,-^a, t. V. To let descend, 
to receive from a superior, to give. 
Kite kiidasareru ka, can you come? 

KuDAS.ARi,-r?<,-^/rt, t. V. To give, spoken 
of a superior ; to receive from a supe- 

KuDASHi,-5-7<,-/(T, t. V. To cause to go 
down or descend, to send down, to 
purge, to cause to surrender or yield. 
Hara ivo — , to purge. 

KuDASHi-GUSURi, n. Cathartic medicine. 

Ku-DEX, 71. Oral tradition, learning or 
teaching by oral instruction. 

Kudo, n. A kitchen range, furnace. 

KL'DOI,-/i•^■,-X■^^-.f/^^■,-.s■a, a. Tedious or 
troublesome reiteration, repetition, go- 
ing over and over a matter. 

KuDOKi,-/&«<,-zVrt, /. V. To importune, 
to solicit or say over and over, to en- 

KUD 146 KUJ 

pass under or through, to worm through. 

treat, persuade, to coax ; to be trouble- j 
some from repetition, to think over j 
with regret. Kudokt-otosu, to over- 
come by importunity or frequent solici- j 

KuDOKU, «, Merit, good works, virtu- j 
ous and meritorious actions. j 

Kudo-kudo, adv. Over and over ; again : 
and again. | 

KuDZU, ?i. Rubbish, waste and useless 
scraps, worthless articles. Oga-kudzu., 
sawdust. Kan7ia-kudzUy shavings. Ta- \ 
cki-ktidsu., waste scraps left after cut- 1 
ting out a garment, also paper shavings. ! 

KuDZU, n. The Dolichos Bulbosus. j 

KuDZU-ORE,-rz/,-i'd;, i. V. To be worn i 
out, decrepit, broken down, or infirm j 
with age. Naki-kudziioreru, worn 
out with crying. Oi-kudzuoreru, in- 
firm with age. 

KuDZURE,-r«,-/a, i. V. To break and 
give way, of anything built up or ar- 
ranged ; to slip or slide, as earth from 
a hill ; to cave in, to crumble, to fall to 
pieces ; to break in confusion and run, 
as troops ; to open or break, as an 
abscess ; to be depraved, vitiated, cor- 
rupted ; to go to decay, or neglect, as 
laws, usages. 

KuDZUSHi,-j«,-^a!, t. V. To break down, 
tear down, throw down, as a hill, or 
house; to infringe, violate, as laws, 
rank ; to deprave, vitiate, demoralize. 
Ki wo kudzusedzu., not to lose cour- 

KuDZUSHi-GAKi, «. A running hand. 

KuDzu-VA, «. A thatched house. 

KuFU, «. Contrivance, plan, scheme, 
invention. — suru., to devise, con- 
trive, plan. 

Ku-FUKU, n. Hungry, stomach empty. 
— ni naru^i to become hungry. 

KuGA, n. Land, as distinct from water. 
Kuga-ji, land route, land journey. 

KuGE, n. The name of the ancient no- 
bility of Japan. 

KuGi, n. A nail, spike. 

KuGi-KAKUSHi, n. An ornamental cov- 
ering for concealing the head of a nail. 

KuGi-NUKi, n. Nail extractors, pincers. 

Ku-GiRi, n. Marks of punctuation. — 
wo tsukerti, to punctuate. 

KuGUDZU. n. A puppet show. 

KuGUMARi,-r;<,-//a, z. v. Bent in the 
back with age or disease ; to stoop, to 
be humpbacked. 

Ki;GUMORi,-rz< ,-//«, i. v. To be in a 
state of chaos ; without form and void. 

KuGUNAWA, n, A small rope made of 

KuGURi,-r«,-z'/«, /. V. To stoop and 

KuGURi, n. A small low door in a gate. 

KuGUSE, n. Humpbacked. 

KuGUTSUME, n. Waiting girls at an inn, 
a harlot. 

l^viy-juru^-^a, i. v. To regret, feel 
sorry for, deplore, repent of. Ayatna- 
chi wo kuyttru. 

Kui. n. A pile, stake, post. 

Kui, KU, KUTA, t. V. To eat, to bite • 
used in com. coll. often in the sense of 
receive, get, catch ; as, Kogoto ivo ku- 
tta., to get a scolding. Kui-awaserti, 
to mix together and eat. Kiti-iru, to 
eat into, to eat its way into, to corrode. 
Kui-kiru, to bite off. Kui-shibarii, 
to clinch the teeth. Kui-shimeru^ to 
crush, or hold fast in the teeth. Kui- 
shiviesu.^ to wet or moisten with the 
mouth. Kui-tomeru., to oppose, hold 
in check, to stop. Km-tsuku^ to bite, 
to seize with the teeth. Kui-tsujiiei'u, 
straitened for food, to clinch the teeth. 
Kui-7uakeru, to discern by chewing, 
to taste. 

Kui-CHiGAi,-rt?/,-^/a, i. V. To cross, to 
pass each other, not to agree, or fit, to 
be contrary, to be thwarted in one's 
hopes, to be disappointed. 

Kui-MONO, «. Food, eatables, provi- 

KuiNA, n. A kind of snipe. 

Kui-SOME, n. The first feeding of an in- 

Kui-TAi,-/^/,-/^?<, a. Wish or desire to 
eat ; like to eat. Kuitaku nat\ do not 
wish to eat. 

KuiTSUMi, n. A small stand on which 
nuts, oranges, rice, and a pine branch 
are arranged on New Years' day. 

KujAKU, «. A peacock. 

Kuji {dyake goto)., n. An action at law, 
a suit, prosecution, dispute. — ivo su~ 
ru., to bring suit ; enter complaint. 

Kuji, n. The lot. — wo toru, to draw 

Ku-ji, n. A diagram, used as a charm 
against evil spirits. 

Kuji,-r«,-/'d:, t. V. To sacrifice, to offer 
to the gods. Kuj'i-mono, an offering, 

Kuji-BA, n. A court -room, a bar. 

Kuji-DORI, «. Drawing lots. 

KujiKA, n. A kind of stag. 

KujiKE,-r«,-^a, /. v. To be broken, 
crushed ; to be weakened, impaired or 
destroyed ; to be discouraged, disheart- 

KujiKi,-/l-«,-i'/z, i. V. To break, impair, 
or weaken, dislocate, sprain. 


KrjiRA, n. A whale. 

KujiRA-jAKU, n. A doth measure, equal 
to one foot two inches of the Kanaza- 
shi^ or fifteen inches English. 

'K.vjim.-ru^-tta^ n. To pick, bore, or 

KujiKi, n. A small curved knife, a gouge. 

Kl'JI-ishi, n. One who buys out the in- 
terest of a party in a lawsuit, and ap- 
pears before the court to advocate it, a 

Kuji-YADO, n. An inn where only per- 
sons who have lawsuits lodge. 

KuKE,-r?<,-^rt;, /. V. To sew the edges of 
two pieces together, so that the thread 
cannot be seen. 

Ku-KETSU, «. Oral instruction. 

Kij-Ki, n. The atmosphere, air. 

KuKi, n. A mountain gorge, glen. 

KuKi, n. A stem. 

KuKiVAKA, a. Clear, bright, fresh and 
untarnished in color. 

KuKKiRi, adv. Clear, bright, fair, or 
fresh in color. 

KuKKivo. Good, fit, excellent, eminent, 
distinguished, illustrious. 

KvKUME,-ru,-ia, t. V. To feed, to put 
into the mouth of another — as a bird in 
feeding its young. 

KuKUMi,-;«?<,-«rffl;, i. v. To hold in 
one's mouth. 

KuKUNAKi, n. The clucking of a hen. 

KuKURi,-ra,-«a, t. v. To bind, tie. 
Kubi 1V0 — , to hang by the neck. 

KuKURi, n. Boimd, limit, proper re- 
straint. Kuku-hakama^ a kind of 
trowsers, full and tied at the knee. 
Kuktiri-maktira. a pillow made of 
muslin stuffed and tied at the ends. 

KuMA, 71. A bear. — no z, bear's gall. 

KuMA, n. Border, edge ; the shading of 
a picture, a dark spot, blur, blemish. 

KuMA-BACHi, n. A large kind of bee. 

KuMADE, n. A rake. 

KuMADORi,-^M,-^^a, t. V. To edge with 

KuMAGAYERi, «. A somersault. — wo u- 
tsu., to turn a somersault. 

KuMASHi,-j?<,-^rt, caust. of Kumz, to 
cause or let another draw water. 

KuMASHi,-j;^,-i?a, caust. oi Kumi\ to cause 
or let another join, braid or plait. 

KuMASHi. A manure made of rotten 
vegetable matter. 

KuMA-TAKA, «. A kind of falcon, or 
black eagle. 

Ku-MEN, n. Pecuniary ability, means, 
able to afford or raise money. — g-a 
yoi., to be well off, rich. — wa dekinu^ 
cannot raise the money. 

KuMi,-/««,-«^a, t. V. To braid, plait, 



weave, twist, or knit together ; to inter- 
lace, intertwine ; to lay hold of, or grap- 
ple, as a wrestler ; to unite or join to- 
gether in a company, to club or league 
together. Kumi-aii^ joined together 
in one company, band, or firm ; to have 
hold of each other, as wrestlers ; knit 
together, linked together. Kunii-fii~ 
serii^ to throw in wrestling. Kuvit- 
shikii^ to throw or hold down another 
in wrestling. Kumi-tatern., to con- 
struct, to fit together and erect, as a 
house ; to frame ; to plan. Kumi- 
tsuku^ to seize hold of each other, as 

KuMI,-7«^/,-«l^.^, t. V. To draw or dip 
up, as water ; to lade. 

KuMi, n. A company, band, partner- 
ship, league, firm, club. Go-nin-gumi, 
a company of five persons or families, 
into which the Japanese wards are sub- 

KuMi-GASHiRA, n. The head of a com- 
pany, a captain. 

KuMi-HAKARi,-r«,-//a, t. V. To measure ; 
to estimate the capacity, form an esti- 
mate of, appreciate. 

KuMi-HiMO, n. Braid, plaited cord. 

KuMi-iTO, n. Silk-braid. 

KuMi-ju, 71. A nest of boxes, one fitting 
on top of another, for holding 

KuMi-KAW.'\.SHi,-i'?^,-^rt;, i. V. To drink 
together, to pass the cup from one to 

KuMi-KO, n. The members of a com- 
pany or club. 

KuMi-TORi,-rz^.-//a:, /. V. To guess, con- 
jecture, divine. 

KuMO, 7t. A cloud. — ga der7i^ it is 
clouding over. — no ashi, the appear- 
ance of rain falling in the distance. 

KuMO, 71. A spider. — no su, a spider's 

KuMOi, «. The clouds, sky ; the one 
dwelling in the clouds — the Mikado. 

Ku-MON, n. An official document, or 

KuMORi,-ru,-iia, t. v. To be cloudy, 
dim, dusky. 

KuMOSUKE, n. A low kind of chair- 
bearer, who frequents the great high- 

KuMO-suKi, n. Projected against the 

clouds, or horizon. 
Ku-MOTSU, n. Things offered to idols, 

such as rice, fruits, cakes. 
KuN, {ki)Jii). Lord, master, prince ; also 

a respectful title, = Mister. Ku7t-shi, 

the superior man, a gentleman. KuJt^ 

shiny master and servant. 

KUN 148 

Ku-NAN, «. Pain, trouble, hardship, af- 
fliction, tribulation. 

KiN-DOKU, {yomu). To read by trans- 
lating the Chinese characters into Ja- 
panese. — surit. to read. 

KuNDZURU, t. V. To give the Japanese 
equivalent of a Chinese character. 

KuNE, n. A wattled bamboo fence. 

KuNE-GUNESHii,-/^/,-/^«, a. Spiteful, 
jealous ; crooked. 

KuNEMBo, n. A kind of large, thick- 
skinned orange. 

KuNERi,-r?/,-^«, /. V. To be crooked, 
bent ; to be spiteful, jealous, to hate. 

KuNi, {koku)^ n. Country, state, pro- 
vince. Krtni-dztnne^ residing on one's 
estate. Kuni-kudzush7\ a battering 
ram. Kuni-yedzu^ a map or chart of a 
country. Kutii-zakai, boundarj' of a 

Ku-Niu, n. A person who acts as a go- 
between, or introduces another, or acts 
as agent or broker. 

KuNji.-r?<,-^a, i. v. To send forth a 
perfume. Kunji-watarUy to perfume 
all about. 

Ku.\-ju, — suru^ to crowd together, to 
flock together, assemble. 

KuN-TEN, n. The marks made in trans- 
lating Chinese to show the order in 
which the characters must be rendered 
to suit the Japanese idiom. 

KuppuKU, — suru, to submit, yield. 

KuRA, «. A fire-proof store-house, ware- 

KuRA, n. A saddle. Kura-botie, a sad- 
dle tree. 

KuRABE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To compare, to 
measure anything with something else. 

KuRAGARi, n. A dark place, darkness. 

KuRAGE, «. A species of medusa. 

KuRAi,-^z',-^M,-j/«z, a. Dark. Kura- 
ku naru^ to become dark. Kiiraku 
suru, to darken. 

KuRAi, «. .Rank, dignity, grade ; the 
Imperial throne; kind, sort, manner, 
way, quantity. Kono kurai^ this kind, 
this way. Dono kurai^ how much ? in 
what way ? how far ? San riyo gurai^ 
about three riyo. 

Y^VYiA\^-au,-atta^ t. v. To eat, devour, 
to munch. 

KuRA-KURA, adv. Dizzy, giddy, having 
a sensation of whirling in the head. 

KuRA-MAGiRE, «.. Bewildered, owing to 
the darkness ; dark and not able to dis- 
tinguish anything, under cover of the 

KuRAMASHi,-^?/ ,-/■«, t. V. To darken, 
cause to become dark ; to blind, to im- 
pose on, deceive, hoodwink. 


KuRAMi,-w/?/t-«'^«) i- ^'- To grow or be- 
come dark, to be dizzj'. 
KuRA-6i, n. A saddlecloth. 
KuRASA, n. The state or degree of dark- 
KuRASHi,-j?<,-/«, t. V. To pass or spend 

the time, to live. A sonde — , to spend 

one's time in idleness. 
KuRASHi, n. The means or manner of 

living. Hitori-gurashi ., to live alone. 

Sotio hi gicrashi no kito^ one who lives 

from hand to mouth. 
KuRASHi-K.\TA, n. Mode or manner of 

living, livelihood, occupation. 
KuRA-SHiKi, n. Money paid for the 

storage of goods, storage. 
KuRA-TSUBO, 71. The seat of a saddle. 
KuR.\\vARE,-r«,-M, pass, of Kuraz^ to 

be eaten, to be bitten. 
KuRAWASE,-ri/.-/a, /. V. To make, or 

let another eat ; to strike, hit. 
KuRAVAMi, n. Dark. 
KuRE, n. A stave. 
KuRE,-r«,-M, t. V. To set, go down, as 

the sun ; to darken, grow dim, be be- 
KuRE, ti. The setting, end, close. Hi 

no kure, the setting of the sun. Toshi 

no — , end of the year. 
KuRE,-r«,-^a, /. V. To give. Mite kure, 

mite o kure^ let me see it. Hanashite 

o kure^ tell it to me. 
KiRE-GURE, adv. Over and over, again 

and again, repeatedly. 
KuRE-KATA, n. The evening, sunset. 
KuRENAi, n. Pink, or scarlet color. 
KuRE-TAKE, n, A kind of bamboo. 
KuRi, n. The house near a Buddhist 

temple in which the priests live. 
KuRi, n. A chesnut. — no ki, chesnut . 

KuRi,-r«,-^/a, t. V. To reel, to wind 
on a wheel, to pass between two wheels, 
or rollers, to roll, to gin cotton. 

KuRi,->-«,-/jfa, t. V. To scoop out, hol- 
low, to excavate, to bore, as a canoe, 
pump, or cannon. 

KuRi-AGE,-r«-/rt, t. V. To finish reeling ; 
to face about, to withdraw or retreat, 
to fall back, as an army. 

KuRJ-AWASE,-r?^,-^a, t. v. To slacken, 
or lengthen the strands of a loop so as 
to make it fit. (fig.) to take time from 
business, or adjust one's business, so as 
to get time for something else. 

KuRi-BiKi,-/?'z<,-/V<2, t. V. To face about, 
retire or retreat. 

KuRi-DASHi,-.y»,-/'rt, t. V. To wheel and 
march out, to march out in long files. 

KiRiGE-UMA, «. A chesnut colored 




KuRi-GOTO, n. Repeating the same story ; 
talking often on one subject. 

KuRi-iRE,-ra,-/«, t. V. To turn or march 
into, file into, — as an army into a castle. 

KuRi-iRO, n. Chesnut color. 

KuRi-iSH?, n. Pebble-stones, gravel. 

KuRi-KANNA, n. A plane for grooving. 

KuRi-KAVE,-?-«,-/«, i. V. To put one 
thing in the place of another, to ex- 
change ; to wheel and march back, to 
make a reversed turn, unreeled. 

KuRi-KAVESHi,-.s-z<,-/a, t. V. To turn and 
go over again, to reverse the turn, to 
repeat. Hon wo kztri-kayeshite tniru^ 
to review a book. 

Ku-RiKi, «. Virtue, power, efficacy. 

Ku-RiN, n. A spire on the top of a tow- 
er, having nine circular wheels. 

KuRi-WATA, w. Cotton that has been 
cleaned of its seeds, ginned cotton. 

KuRi-VA, n. A kitchen. 

KuRO, «. The banks or dykes between 
rice fields ; a mound of earth, the ridges 
of a field. 

KuKO. Black, — used only in comp. words. 

Ku-r6, «, Trouble, difficulty, care, con- 
cern, anxiety, toil. 

KuRO-BiKARi. Black and shining, or 

KuRO-BOKU, n. A kind of black stone, 
also black earth, or loam. 

KuRO-DAi, n. A kind of black fish. 

KuRO-GANE, n. Iron. 

KuRO-GOME, «. Unhulled rice. 

KvROi,-kz\-ku,-s/tz\ a. Black. Kuroku 
naru, to become black. Kuroku suru^ 
to blacken. 

KuRO-MADARA, n. Spotted with black, 

KuROMASHi,-j«,-^«, t. V. To blacken. 

KuRO-MATSU, n. Black pine, the Pinus 

KuROMBd, n. A black person, a negro. 

KuROME,-r «,-/■«, t. V. To blacken ; to 
conceal, hide. 

KuROMi,-w?« -«^«, i. V. To become 

KuRORO, n. Black silk gauze. 

KuROSA, n. Blackness. 

KuRo-TAMA, n. The iris and pupil of the 

KuRoTO, n. One belonging to, or skilled 
in, the profession, business, or trade 
spoken of. 

KuRO-VAKi, n. Anything reduced to a 
cinder, or burnt to a coal. 

KuRO-ZATTo, n. Brown sugar. 

KuRLBUSHi, n. The ankle bone, malleo- 
lus. Uchi — , internal malleolus. Soto 
— , external malleolus. 

KuRui,-M,-zZ/a, or tMa^ i. v. To be 

wild, frenzied, mad, disordered in mind ; 
to act irregularly ; twisted, turned, or 
warped from the true direction ; to 
change, vary. 

KuRUi, n. Bent, warped, crooked ; de- 

Kuru-kl;ru-to, adv. Round and round, 
around. — tnawaru., to go round and 

KuR'jMA, n. A wheel, a cart, waggon. 

KuKU-MAKi, «. A screw-press. 

KuRUMA-ZA, n. Sitting in a circle. 

KuRUMA-ZAKi, n. The punishment of 
being broken on the wheel. 

KuRL;ME,-r«,-/'a, t. v. To gather into a 
bundle, to bundle together. 

KuRUMEKi,-/^M,-?Va, /. V. To become 

KuRUMi, n. A walnut. 

KuRURi, «. A flail. 

KuRURi-TO, adv. Around. — mazva- 
ru., to turn around, revolve. 

KuRURu, n. The pivot on which a door 
turns or hinges. 

KuRUSHii,-/fez,-/&«, n. Painful, distress- 
ing, difficult ; causing concern or an.\- 
iety ; toilsome. Kurushiku naru, to 
become painful. Kurushi-kar-adzii.^ 
not painful, not difficult ; to allow, per- 

KuRUSHiME,-r?^,-/'rt, t. V. To afflict, dis- 
tress, trouble, torment, persecute, 
grieve, worry, vex. 

KuKusHiMi,-»z«,-«^«, /". V. To suffer 
pain, affliction, distress, torment ; to 
grieve, worry ; to toil, labor. 

KuRUSHiMi, n. Suffering, affliction, dis- 
tress, pain, toil, hard labor. 

KuRUSHiSA, n. The state or degree of 

KuRUWA, n. An inclosure, area separat- 
ed by an inclosure ; prostitute quarters. 

KuRUWASE,-r«,-/'a, t. v. To cause, fren- 
zy or madness. 

KusA, «. A cutaneous eruption. 

KusA, n. Grass, a plant. 

KusABA, n. Leaf of grass. — no kdge., 
the grave. 

KusABi, n. A wedge driven in to tighten 
a joint. 

KusABiRA, n. A mushroom, toadstool. 

KuSA-DZURi, n. The skirt of a coat ot 

KuSA-GUSA. Many kinds, various sub- 

KuSA-GiRi, n. Grass-cutting, weeding. 
KuSAi,-/&«,-j/«/, a. Stinking, offensive to 

the smell, fetid, rancid, putrid. Kusa- 

ku narti^ to become putrid. 
KuSAME, n. Sneeze. — luo suru., to 





KusAMi, n. A stinking smell, oflfensive 

KusA-MOCHi, «. A kind of rice-bread 
made by mixing boiled _j'<?;«<7^/ with the 

KuSA-.MUR-A, «. A grassy place, grass- 

Kvs.\RAKASHi,^su,-ia. To cause to pu- 
trify, to corrode, to make to slough, to 

KusARAKASHi, ft. Caustic, escharotic, or 

corrosive medicine. 
KuSARi, n. A chain. 
KvsARi,-ru,-^ia, i, v. To putrify, rot, 

to be fetid, to stink. 
KusARi-KATABiRA, «. A shirt of mail 

made of rings interlaced. 
Klsasa, n. The stink, putridity, fetor, 

Ki;sASHi,-j/^,-/a, t. v. To speak evil of, 

depreciate, run down, detract, calum- 

Kusawara, n. A moor, prairie. 

Kusa-va, n. A thatched house. 

KuSAZosHi, n. Paper-covered books ; 
story books for children ; the name of 
a kind of light, fictitious literature ; 
a novel, a pamphlet. 

KusE, n. Habit, peculiarity of manner, 
or of like or dislike, eccentricity ; pro- 
pensity, inclination, fondness for. Hito 
ni hito kuse. every one has some pecu- 
liar habit. 

KusE-GOTO, n. Offence, misdemeanor, 
hypocrisy, perfidy. 

KusE-.MONO, n. A suspicious-looking 
person, an impostor, deceiver, hypo- 

KC-SEN, n. A balloon. 

KusHA-KUSHA, adv. In a confused state, 
in disorder. 

KuSHATSUKi,-,^z<,-iV<j, i. V. To be con- 
fused, disordered. 

KusHi, n. A comb, — no ha^ the teeth 
of a comb. 

KusHi, n. A skewer or stick of bamboo, 
on which fish or fruit are strung to dry ; 
a spit. 

KusHi-GAKi, n. Persimmons strung, and 
dried on a stick. 

Ki SHi-HARAi, n, A brush for cleaning a 

KuSHiKO, n. Biche-de mer strung on a 
stick and dried. 

Ku-SHIN, n. Hard labor, toil. 

Ki'SHiRO, n. A bracelet. 

Kiso, n. Feces, dung, excrements. Me 
— , a discharge from the eyes. Nana 
— , snot, Mivti^ ear-wax. Ha — , 
tartar or sordes on the teeth, 

Ku«o-BAYE, n. A green-bottle fly. 

I Kuso-BUKURO, n. The large intestine, 

j KisoDzu, n. Petroleum. 

KussHi,-j?^r«,-^«. To yield, submit, to 
j succumb, to give up, 
Kusu, n. The camphor-tree, 
KLSUBE,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To smoke, to fu- 
1 Kusi :BORi,-rM, z, V. To be smoked, 
i smoky. 

KusuGURi,->'M,-z'M, t. V. To tickle. 

KusuGUTTAi,-/t/,-i^«, a. Ticklish. 

KusuKi, n. The Quercus Serrata ; de- 
ciduous oak, 

Kusu-KUSU-TO, adv. — ivarau., to laugh 
at one behind his back. 

KusuMi,-w?/,-«d?a, I. V. To be quiet, 
grave, sedate, or dull in manner ; to be 
plain and simple, but rich, and chaste, 
as a color ; to be without ornament, but 
valuable and rare, 

KisuNE,-r«,-/rt, t. V. To pilfer, steal. 

KusuRi, n. Medicine, drug ; gunpow- 
der ; the material used in glazing porce- 
lain, enamel. 

Klsuri-bako, 71. A medicine chest. 

KusuRi-KizAMi, n. A knife and block 
used in cutting medicines. 

Kusuri-nabe, n. A pot for making me- 
dicinal decoctions. 

KususHi, «. A physician, doctor. 

Kusu'SHii,-/^/, -^«, a. Extraordinary, 
wonderful, strange, 

KuTABARi,-^-M,-//'rt, /. V. To die, 

KuTAEiRE,-rK,-/a, /, V. To be tired, fa- 
tigued, to become weary, 

Kutabire, k. Fatigue, weariness, 

Ku-t6, n. Reading and punctuating. — 
ivo kiru, to point or punctuate sen- 
tences. Ku-toshiy a teacher of the 
sounds of Chinese characters. 

KuTSU, 71. A shoe. Uia no — , the low- 
er ends of the lines of a verse. Kutsu- 
bake, shoe-brush, Kuts2i-dzu7m\shoe- 
blacking. Kttts!i-7iHg.\th<i place where 
shoes are taken off on entering the 

Ku-Tsu, 71. Extreme pain either of mind 
or body, anguish, agony, distress, 

KuTSU-BAMi, 71. The bit of a bridle. 

KuTSi.'GAVE,-?'«,-/a. /. v. To upset, cap- 
size, overturn ; subverted, overthrown. 

KuTSUGAVESHi,-j«,-/'a, /. V. To upset, 
capsize, overturn ; to subvert, over- 

Ki;tsugo, «. An ox-muzzle. 

KuTsu-KUTSU-WARAU, /. f. To laugh se- 
cretly, or in a suppressed manner, to 

KuTsu-MAKi, M. The wrapping near the 
head of an arrow to fix it in its place. 

KuTSUROGE,-r«,-/a, /. V. To slacken. 


loosen, free from tightness, to relax, to 

KuTsuROGi,-^«,-zVrt, /. V. To be loose, 
slack ; to relax, remit effort or attention ; 
to be at ease, free from anxiety. 

KuTSUWA, n. A bridle-bit or the rings on 
each side of a bit. 

KuTSUWA, n. A prostitute house. 

KuTSUWA-DZURA, «. The rein of a bri- 

KuTSUWA-MUSHi, ft. A kind of cricket. 
. KuTTAKU, n. Care, trouble, distress. — 
suru^ to be anxious and troubled, to be 

KuwA, n. A hoe, mattock. 

KuwA, n. The mulberry, on which silk- 
worms feed. 

KuwA, n. Friendship, harmony, peace ; 
union, blending. — suru. to mix, unite, 

KuwA, n. Transformation, change, trans- 
mutation. — sur7i^ to change, alter, 
transform, metamorphose. 

KuwA-BiN, n. A flower vase. 

KuwA-BOKU, {liana ?io /&/), n. A flower- 

KuwA-BUN, (inen ni sugiru). Beyond 
one's deserts, more than one is worthy 
of, undeserving, unworthy. 

KuwADATE,-r7<,-^rt, t. V. To plot, to de- 
vise, to scheme ; to plan, contrive, con- 
coct, to conspire. 

KuwADATE, n. A plot, plan, device, 

KuwA-DEN, n. A melon-patch. 

KuwA-FUKU, n. Fortune and misfortune, 
adversity or prosperity. 

KuwA-FL'SOKU. Too much or too little, 
excess or deficiency. — no nai yoni^ 
so that there may be neither too much 
or too little. 

KuwA-GON, ^kotoba -wo sugosn). Lan- 
guage that violates propriety ; intem- 
perate language. 

KuwA-HAN, {hamliun stigi)^ n. More 
than half, the greater part, the majori- 
ty, the most. 

Kuwa-h6, n. Retribution, the recom- 
pense or reward of one's deeds. 

Kuwai, n. A chapter, section. 

KuvvAi, {atsnmari)^ n. A meeting, as- 
sembly. — surn^ to assemble, meet to- 

KuwAi-BUN, «. A sentence or verse in 
which the words are the same, read 
either forwards or backwards ; a circu- 

KuwAi-CHiu, n. Inside of the clothing 
covering the breast ; the bosom. 

KuwAi-CHiu, n. Worms in the stomach. 

KuwAi-FUKU, {yoki ye kayeru), 71, Be- 



cjjming better, recovery from sickness, 
restoration to health. 

Y^vsvJAi-oo^iatsuniari au). — suru, to 
assemble, to meet together. 

KuwAi-HEi, n. Coin, metallic money. 
— kiyoku, a mint. 

Kuwai-h6. Convalescing, growing bet- 
ter in sickness. 

Kuwai-j6, n. A circular, a letter circu- 

KuwAi-KEi, n. Accounts ; receipts and 
disbursements of money. — cho, an 
account-book. — kata, an accountant, 
or one who has charge of the finances. 

KuwAi-KEN, n. A small sword or dirk 
carried in the bosom. 

KuwAi-Ki, n. Convalescence, restoration 
to health. ■ — ztvaz^ a feast made to 
friends on recovery from sickness. 

KuwAi-KOKU, {kuni ivo meguru). To 
travel, or go round the different pro- 
vinces of" the empire. 

KuwAi-MEi, {afsuinaite chikau). Meet- 
ing and binding each other with an 
oath, leaguing together. 

KuwAi-NiN, n. Being with child, preg- 
nancy. — suru, to be pregnant. 

KuwAi-RAiSHi, n. A person who carries 
about a puppet-show. 

Kuwai-r6, n. A corridor, or gallery built 
round a house. 

Kuwai- ro, n. A small metal box for hold- 
ing fire, carried in the bosom to warm 
the chest. 

KuwAi-SEN, {fuawaru fune), n. A 
packet-ship, a ship that trades from 
port to port. 

KuwAi-SHA, n. A company, association, 
especially a mercantile company. 

Kuv.'Ai-SHO, {atsumari tokoro), n. A 
place for assembling to transact public 
business, a public hall, town-house. 

KuwAi-SHU, {ntsufnari no nruji), n. 
The head man of an assembly, meet- 
ing, or party of pleasure ; a chairman. 

KuwAi-TAi, n. Pregnant, with child. 

Kuwai-t6, 71. The chairman or presid- 
ing officer of an assembly. 

KuwAi-YEN, n. Wine-party, a convivial 
meeting. — suru, to make an enter- 

KuwA-ji, w. A fire, conflagration. — 
shdzoku, a fireman's uniform. 

KuwA-Ki, 71. Heat, caloric. 

KuwA-Kiu, {p isogi). Great haste, urgent, 
or pressing. 

KuvvAKKEi, fi. Livelihood, way or expe- 
dients used for getting a living. 

KuwA-KO, (sugisarii). «. The previous 
state of existence ; the past ; the past 
tense in grammar. 




KuwAKO-CHo, n. A register kept in Bad. 
temples, containing the names of those 
deceased persons for whom prayers are 
to be said, arranged according to the 
daj' of the month on which they died ; 
also a family record of the names, 
births, and deaths of one's ancestors. 
KuwAKU, n. The strokes of a character. 
KuwAKU, «, The box or hearse in which 
a coffin is placed. 

KuwAKU-RAN, /!. Cholera morbus. 
KuwAKu-SHippu. n. Name of a scrofu- 
lous disease of the joints. 
KuwAM-BAKU, n. An officer who formerly 
acted as the Prime Minister of the Mi- 

KuwAM-MON, (seii MO to)^ n. A gate on 
a public road, near a police station 
house, where persons and goods are in- 
spected, passports demanded, etc. 

KuwAN, {yaku). Government office, 
official ; also the office where govern- 
ment business is transacted. Kti-wan- 
in, officials, government officers. K71- 
■wan-i, office and rank. Kuiuan-roku^ 
official salary. Kwwan-choku^ official 
duty, office. 

KuwAN, n. A coffin. 

KuwAN, n. A ring, a drawer-handle. 

KuwAN, {yakata), n. A large house. 
Skd-kuwan, a merchant's house. 
/ KuwAN, n. A string of iron cash con- 
taining ten hundred ; applied also to 
weight. IkkuTUan-mon, one thousand 

KuwA-NAN, {hi no ivaza-Mai)^ «. Calam- 
ity, or misfortune caused by a fire. 

KuwAN-CHo, n. An enema. — suru, to 
give an enema. — ki^ a syringe. — 2a/, 

KuwAN-KATSU, ft. Jurisdiction, govern- 
ment, rule, administration. 

Kuw.AN-KE, ft. Contributions for a tem- 
ple or religious purpose. — suru, to 
make a contribution. 

KuwAN-KEi, n. Concern, meddling with, 
participating in ; relating, appertain- 
ing to. 

KuwAN-NiN, n. Clemency, liniency ; be- 
nignant, generous. 

Kuw/VN-No-Ki, «. A bar or bolt, for fas- 
tening a gate. 

KuwAN-ox, n. The goddess of mercy. 

KuwAN-R.\KU, n. Joy and happiness, 

KuwAX-su, n. An iron tea-kettle. 

KuwANTARU. The principal, chief, most 
important. Kuzvan to suru, to regard 
as the principal. 

KuwANZEYORi, «. A String made of two 
strands of twisted paper. 

] KuwAN-zo, {wasure gusa.) The day 
lily, Hemerocallis. 
KuwAN-zoKU, n. The title given, since 
the abolition of the Hans, to the Dai- 
miyos and their retainers, and also to 
the Kuge, who receive an annual pen- 
sion from the government. 
Klwar.'^ri-to, adv. Fully, thoroughly, 
clearly. Yo ^a — aketa, it has become 
broad day-light. 
KuwA-Rivo, n. A fine, mulct, penalty, 

KuwA-SAN, n. A volcano. 
KuwA-SAi, {Jii no wazawai), n. Calam- 
ity or loss from a fire. 
KuwASE,-r«,-/a. To cause or to let an- 
other eat, to feed. 
KuwA-SEi, n. The planet Mars. 
KuwA-SEi, {katvari umareru.) Trans- 
I formation or change of animal form. 
I KuwA-SEKi, {iski ni kawarii), n. 
! Changed to stone, petrifaction. 
' Kuw.\-SH.\, «. A maid servant in a pros- 
1 titute house. 

1 KuwA-SHi, n. Confectionary, sweet- 
meats, fruit. Midzu — , fruit. 
KuvvASHi,-.y«,-^a. To give, or let anoth- 
er eat. 
KuwASKi-BON, n. A small tray used for 

holding fruit or sweetmeats. 
KuwASHii,-X*z',--tM, a. Minute, particu- 
lar, intimately. 
KuvvASHi-VA, n. A confectionary shop. 
KuwA-SHU, M. Alcohol. 
Kuw.\-s6, n. Cremation. — suru, to 

burn the bodies of the dead. 
KuwA-TAi, «. Punishment inflicted for 
a breach of law or neglect of duty, a 
Kuw.\-t6. Beyond one's desert, above 

what one's position entitles him to. 
KuwATSU, {inochi\) n. Life. Kuwatsu- 
butsit, living things, things having 
KuvvATSU-D.^TSU, «. Quick discernment, 

clear judgment, great penetration. 
Kuvv.A.TSU-ji, n. A movable type. — 
ban, printed by movable type. — wo 
uyeru, to set type. 
KuwATSL'-v6. — suru, to use as a verb, 

to conjugate. 
KUW.A.TTO, adv. In a sudden flash or 
blaze. — nioye-tatsu, to blaze up sud- 
KL-WAWARi,-r?^,-if^«, /. V. To be joined 

to, added to, united with. 
KuwA-VAKU, n. Gunpowder. Kuwa- 

yaku-gura, a powder magazine. 
KuwAyE,-rM,-^a, t. v. To bite, to hold 

in tlae mouth, or between the teeth. 
KuwAVE,-r?/,-^«, i. V. To add some- 





thing to another, to join, combine, 
unite, to augment. Chikara wo — , 
to help, assist. 

KuwA-YEN, n. A flame, blaze. 

KuwA-ZAi, u. Crime, transgression. 

KuwA-zoKU, n. Nobility, grandees, aris- 

Ku\v6-DAI, {Jiiroku oinartc). Great, ex- 
tensive, vast. 

Kuwo-Do, 71. The ecliptic. 

Ku\v6-GEN, 71. Talking, largely, boast- 
ing, vaunting, pompous. — zuo haku, 
to boast, to talk pompously. 

Ku\v6-iN, 71. Light and shade, /. e. time. 
— wo tsuiyasu, the waste time. 

Kuvvo-MiYo, 7t. Glory, splendor, halo. 
Hi 710 — , the glory of the sun. 

Kuwo-sEN, «. Hades, the place of the 

KuwoTEi, «. Emperor. 

Ku-YAKU, n. The Old Testament. — 
zeTts/io., the old testament scriptures. 

Ku-YAKU, n. Public service, labor ex- 
acted by the government from far- 

KuYAMi,-;««,-«^«, \t. V. To repent, to 

be sorry for, regret, deplore, to feel 

KuYA.Mi, 71. Regret, repentance, sorrow, 
remorse, compunction. 

KuYASHii,-/^^,-/t?^, a. Producing sorrow, 
repentance, or regret ; lamentable. 
Kuyashiku ottzd, to regret. 

KuYASHiGARi,-r«,-^/a, i. V. To feel re- 
gret, sorrow, or penitence, to be disap- 

Kuv.^SHiSA, n. The state or degree of 
repentance, regret, remorse, sorrow, or 

Ku-v6. — suru., to make oflferings to 
the gods, to the spirits of the dead, or 
to the priests. 

KOyoku, n. Camomile flowers. 

Kuvo-Kuvo, adv. Anxiously brooding 
over anything. 

KuvuRASHi,-j«,-i'rt:, t. V. To bum slow- 
ly and emit smoke, to smoke. Tabako 
nvo — , to smoke tobacco. 

KuvuRi,-rM,-^/frt, i. 7/. To burn slowly 
without blaze, to smoulded, to smoke. 

Ku-ZET3u, «. A dispute, or quarrel, as 
between husband and wife. 


Ma, n. A room ; interval of time or 
space ; leisure, opportunity. Ma-7tai^ 
without interval, incessantly. — 7no 
naku., but a short time. Ma-ma kore 
ari\ sometimes it is so. _ _ 

Ma, 72. A demon, evil spirit, devil. Ma- 
do, infernal doctrines. Ala-jutsu^ dev- 
ilish arts, sorcery. Ma-kat., the region 
where evil spirits dwell. 

Ma. Just, true ; perfectly, exactly. Ma 
7ii iikerii, to take to be true, — to be- 
lieve. Massakasatiia, exactly upside 
down, exactly reversed. Ma-ao7tiuke., 
face turned exactly upward. Ma-higa- 
shi, exactly east. 

Ma, adv. Yet, still, more. Ma hitotsu., 
one more. Ma sukoshi., a little more. 

Maa. Exclam. of entreaty or satisfac- 
tion. Maa yoroshii, well, that will 

Macara, adv. Dotted, scattered, not 
close together. Ajue ga — 7ii furu., 
the rain fell in scattered drops. 

MABAVUi,-/i-z',-/^«,-j/iz', a. Dazzled, over- 
powered by too strong a light. 


Ma-bi, {aida tto hi), n. Intervening, or 
intercurrent day. 

Mabiki,-/&?<,-zV(J, t. V. To thin out, to 
make less close, crowded or numerous. 
Ko ivo — , to commit infanticide. 

Mabisashi, 71. An eye-shade, the front- 
let of a helmet. 

Ma-biy6shi, n. Time, or measure in 

Maboroshi, 71. A phantom, optical illu- 

Mabu, «. A mine from which ore is 

Mabu, «. A paramour, lover. 

Mabuchi, «. The edges of the eye-lids. 

Mabuka-ni, adzi. Eyes deeply shaded, 
or set deep in the head. 

MABURE,-rz<:,-i'rt, /. V. Smeared or daub- 
ed with any thing, sprinkled. Hai- 
77iabiire, covered with ashes. Chi~ 
77iabic7-e, smeared with blood. 

W\XiVR\,-au,-tta, t. v. To sprinkle over, 
to smear, daub. 

Mabushi,-j«,-/«, t. V. To sprinkle over, 
to smear, daub. 




Mabushii,-/^z',-'^«, a. Dazzling, over- 
powering by too strong a light. 

Mabuta, n. The upper eyelid. 

Machi, n. A street, a town, a ward. 

Machi, n. A gore let into a garment. 

lA-PJcni^-tsti^-tta, t. v. To wait, to stay, 
to expect, look for. Machi-au^ to wait 
for each other, to wait by appointment. 
Machi-akasu^ to wait the whole night, 
to wait until morning. Machi-awase- 
rii, to wait for another by appointment. 
Machi-kakeru^ to lie in wait for, to 
watch for. Machi-kanerti^ to wait 
impatiently for, hard to wait for. Ma- 
chi-kurasu^ to wait the whole day, or 
any indefinite time ; to live waiting for. 
Machi-mokeru, to get ready in ex- 
pectation of, to be prepared for and 
wait. Macki-tsukeru, to lie in wait 
for, watch for. Machi-ukeru, to 
wait and receive, to wait for the com- 
ing of any one, as guests ; to await, to 
expect. Machi-wabiru^ to wait anx- 
iously for, or in loneliness ; to long for 
the coming. 

Machi-ai, n. A waiting house, public- 
houses in which persons wait for, or 
meet with, each other by appointment. 

Machi-bugiyo, «. Mayor of a city. 

Machi-buse, n. Lying in wait, or in 

M.\chi-d6i,-^/,-/^?<, a. Long in coming, 
long delayed, seeming long deferred, 
waiting impatiently. 

MACHiGAi,-az<,-//'rt, I. 7'. To mistake, to 
miss, to err, to be different, to be at 
fault, to blunder. 

Machigai, ti. Mistake, error, fault, blun- 
der, miss. 

Machi-gai-sho, n. A town hall or office 
where public business is transacted. 

MACHiGAYE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To mistake, 

Machi-machi, a. Many and different, 

various, diverse. 
Machiu, n. Mox vomica. 
Ma-chitto, adv. Just a little, but a lit- 
Machi-ya, n. The houses in a street or 

Mada, adv. Still, yet ; with a neg. verb, 

not yet. Mada konu^ not yet come. 

Mada hayai, yet early, too early. 
Madaki, {imada akczaru.) n. Early, 

before daylight, beforehand, already. 
Madara, a. Spotted, dappled, marked 

with different colors. 
yi..\'DAKVi,-ki.,-ku.,-skt\ a. Tardy, slow, 

dilatory, taking time, tedious. 
Madashimo. Still, yet, rather, better, 


Made, post-pos. To, until, till, even to, 
as far as to. 

Mado, n. A window. — tw ko, bars of 
a window. — bnta^ window-shutter. 

MADoi,-^,-£'/'/'rt, i. V. To be led astray, 
to wander from the right way, to err, to 
be deluded, misled, beguiled, bewilder- 
ed, perplexed. 

M.\DOi, n. Delusion, error, illusion, de- 

Madoi,-^,-^^^«, t. V. To make up a loss, 
to indemnify, to make good, to pay as 

"^lAjibi-ki.-ku.-ski, a. Long, prolix, 
spun out, tedious. 

Madoi, n. Sitting in a circle, or ring. 

Madoka, «. Round, circular. 

Ma-dori, n. The arrangement of rooms 
in a house, plan of a house. 

MAT>OROi^-ki,-ku,-shi., a. Slow, tardy, 
procrastinating, dilatory, tedious. 

Madoromi,-;«7^, t. V. To doze, to drowse, 
fall into a short nap. 

MADOWASHi,-i-«,-/rt, t. V. To lead astray, 
cause to err or wander from the right 
way ; to delude, beguile, mislead, de- 

Madzu, adti. First, in the first place ; 
however, still. Madzu yoroshii^ how- 
ever it will do. 

MADZUi,-/^i',-^«,-jAz', a. Disagreeable or 
unpleasant to the taste, nasty. 

Madzu-motte, adv. First, in the first 

Madzushii,-^/,--^^,-^^/, a. Poor, desti- 
tute, needy. 

Madzushisa, n. The degree, state or 
condition of poverty. 

MAGAi,-a«,-^/'«, i. V. To imitate or re- 
semble, simulate, to be confounded 

Magai, n. Imitation, resemblance. Kin- 
Wrt^-s/, imitation of gold. Bekko-ma- 
gai^ imitation of tortoise-shell. 

Magai-kawa, n. A kind of oiled paper, 
made in imitation of leather, stamped 
and ornamented with various patterns, 
used for making tobacco pouches, wal- 
lets, etc. 

M.agaki, n. A fence made of bamboo. 

MAGA-MAGASHii,-/t/,--^«, a. Unfortu- 
nate, unlucky. 

Magane, n. Iron. 

Magao, {makoto no kao,) n. A sincere 
countenance, a straight face, a full 

MAG.\Ri,-ru,-tia, i. v. To be bent, 
crooked, not straight ; morally crooked, 
perverse, depraved. 

Magari, m. a bend, corner. 

Magari-gane, n. A carpenter's square. 




Magari-kado, n. The bend or corner 
of a road. 

Magaki-michi, n. A crooked road. 

Magashira, n. Inner canthusofthe eye. 

MAGAWASE,-rM,-^a, t. V. To imitate, 
counterfeit, or cause to resemble, to 
make like. 

MKG.w-E^-ru.-ta, t. v._ To make in imi- 
tation, to counterfeit, simulate. 

Mage, n. The Japanese cue. 

MAGE,-rz<,-i'rt, t. V. To bend, to crook ; 
to do reluctantly, to do though averse 
or loath to do it. 

Mage-mono, n. Round boxes, such as 
pill-boxes, made by bending wood. 

M.A.GETE, adv. Reluctantly, unwillingly, 
averse or loath to do. 

Magirakashi,-jzi!,-/«, t. V. To cause to 
be undistinguishable or undiscernible ; 
to obscure, hide, to conceal, mystify, 

Magir.a.\vashii,-/^z,-/^?<, a. Imitating, 
counterfeiting, or resembling the ap- 
pearance, form, or manner of something 
else ; disguising ; confused, obscure. 

MAGiRE,-rz<,-?<:r, /. zi. To be undiscern- 
ible, or undistinguishable, because of 
being like, or resembling something 
else ; to be confounded with, blended 
with. Magire-komu., mingled, con- 
cealed, or diguised with other things so 
as to be undistinguishable. 

Magire, n. Disguise, concealment, mis- 
take, error, obscurity, — nashi, no 

Magire-mono, n. A thing made in imi- 
tation of a genuine article, counterfeit ; 
a spy. 

MAGiRi,-r«,-/'/a, z". v. To tack or beat, 
as a ship sailing against the wind. 

Magiri-gawara, «. The keel of a ship. 

Ma-giwa, /t. Just on the point of time 
when one is about to do anything, the 
time near or bordering on any event. 

Mago, n. Grandson, grandchild. — mu- 
suine^ granddaughter. 

Mago, n. One who leads or attends on 
a pack-horse. 

Ma-gokoro, n. True, sincere, without 
deception or hj'pocrisy. 

Mago-mago, adv. Moving about in a 
confused or perplexed manner. 

Mago-no-te, n. An instrument in the 
shape of a child's hand, used to scratch 
the back with. 

MAGOTSuKi,->^«,-zVij:, i. V. To move 
about in a confused, uncertain, or per- 
plexed manner ; not knowing what to 

Ma-guchi, «. The front dimensions of a 
house. , 

MAGURE,-r«,-^a, t. V. Perplexed, be- 
wildered ; to be deranged, confused. 
Mag2ire-komUy to be greatly perplexed, 
or bewildered. 

M.agure-atari, w. Hit at random, hit 
by a chance-shot ; a chance-guess. 

Maguro, n. The Bonito. 

Ma-gusa, n. Grass, provender, horse- 

Ma-guso, n. Horse-dung. 

Ma-guwa, n. A harrow. 

Mahi, {shibireru). — suru, to be 
numb, paralyzed, devoid of feeling or 

Ma-hiru, n. Noon, midday. 

Maho, «. A sail squared to the wind, 

Ma-h6, n. Sorcery, magic arts, conjura- 
tion. — tsukai., a conjurer, sorcerer, 

M.Ai, a. Every, each. Mai tiichi., every 
day. Mat-do., every time, often. Mai- 
fnai, often, frequently. 

MAi,-rt«,-^/'a, t. V. To dance or move 
the body to music. 

Maiba, ri. A reel. 

Mai-bito, n. A dancer. 

Mai-fuku, n. An ambush. — sur^, to 
lay in ambush 

Mai-gine, n. An implement used for 
pounding grain in order to clean it. 

Mai-giri, h. a drill. 

Mai-go, «. A child that has wandered 
away from home, lost child. — fuda., 
a ticket attached to children, having 
their parents' name and place of resi- 
dence inscribed on it, so that when lost 
they may be restored to their 

Mai-hada, n. The inner bark of the 
hi no ki., used as oakum for caulking 

Maikai, 71. The Rosa rugosa. 

Mai-kaze, n. A whirlwind. 

Mai-kiyo. — sum., to specify, < 

Mai-ko, n. A dancing girl. 

Mai-mai-mushi, n. A small insect which 
moves about on water. 

Mai-mai-tsubura, n. A snail. 

Mai-nai, n. A bribe. — wo tsukau., to 

Mairado, n. A door made with cross- 
pieces of wood at narrow intervals. 

MAiRASHi,-i-?<,-/a, /. V. To present, to 
give or send to a superior, to offer to 
the Kami. 

Mair\, -r-u,-^ia, i. or i. v. To go, to 
come, to go to a temple for worship ; to 
take, (as food, but only when speaking 
of others) ; also an auxiliary verb, same 
as Yukti., = can, or neg. cannot. 




Mai-su, n. A hypocritical or avaricious 

Maji, n. A south-west wind. 

yi..K]\^-ki,-ki4.. A n-^g. affix to verbs, 
having a future or dubitative mean- 
ing. Iu->najiki koto^ a thing that 
should not be said. 

Majikai,-/^/,-'4'«,-j/2z, a. Close by, near 
in space, time, or relation. 

Maji-maji, adv. Dull, listless. 

Majime. Grave, sober, serious in man- 

MAjiNAi,-a«,-2'2'«, t. V. To charm, to 
bind by a spell ; to exorcise, bewitch. 

Majinai, n. A charm, spell, enchant- 

Majirai, n. Friendship, fellowship, in- 

MAjiRi.-r«,-j'i'«, i. V. To be mixed, 
mingled, alloyed, blended together ; to 
be confused. 

Majiri, n. External canthus of the eye. 

MAjiROK;i,-;^«,-z/a, i. v. To wink, to 

MAjiwARi,-r«,-^M, i. V. To associate, 
to be intimate, keep company with, to 
be.friendly with ; mixed, mingled toge- 

Majiwari, n. Intimacy, friendship. 

MAjiYE,-rM,-/'«, t. V. To mix, mingle, 
blend together, to confuse. 

Makage, n. Eye-shade. 

MAKANAi,-a«,-i'/«, t. V. To furnish pro- 
visions, provide food, to board, to pur- 
vey, to furnish with lodgings, or accom- 

Makanai, n. Board, entertainment, 
food, provisions. — kata, the person 
who boards or furnishes food to others, 
a purveyor, a butler, steward. — riyd^ 
expense of board. Hotii-makanai, 
full board. Ha.n-7itakanai^ half board. 

MAKARi,-rM. To go, return, take leave, 
to die. 

MAKASE,-r«,-/'«, i. V. To commit to 
the will or disposal of another, to 
leave, to trust, to give in charge, to 

MAKASHi,-i-M,-/rt, t. V. To cause to lose 
in a game or contest ; to defeat, con- 
quer, beat, vanquish. 

MAKASHi,-i-«,-^a, caust. of Maki. To 
cause another to sow, or sprinkle ; to 
cause another to wind, or bind. 

MAKE,-r 7^ ,-/■«, i. V. To lose in a game 
or contest, to be defeated, conquered, 
vanquished, to give up, to yield ; to 
cheapen, to lessen the price ; to be 
easily affected by, susceptible of. 

Make-iro. The appearance of defeat, 
signs of giving way. 

Make-kachi, n. Lose and win, defeat 

or victory. 
Make-oshimi, ft. Extenuation, or pal- 
liation made for being defeated ; dislike 
to be out-done by others. 
Maki, n. Firewood. 
Maki, «. A kind of fir tree. 
Maki, n. The numeral for volumes of a 

Maki, n. Pasture ground for horses, 
a park, game preserve, pasture land. 

Maki,-/^^,-//'^, t. -J. To sow, to sprinkle, 
scatter. Maki-chirasu^ to scatter 
about, to sprinkle about, to squander. 

MAKi,-,^M,-zVa, t. V. To wind around, 
to turn round ; to bind, to roll up, to 
curl. Maki-ageruy to roll up. Maki- 
kajyesu, to roll or wind in an opposite 
direction, or by reversed turns, to un- 
roll. Maki-ko»iu, to roll or wind one 
thing within another. Maki-tsukeru., 
to bind one thing to another by wind- 
ing many turns of thread around them. 

Maki-ami, n. A seine. 
I Maki-fude, n. A pencil having the hair 
secured'to the handle with thread. 

Maki-gami, n. Paper used for letters, 
kept in long rolls. 

Maki-gari, n. Hunting by surrounding 
a large district, and gradually driving 
the animals to the centre. 

Maki-jiku, n. The round stick on which 
pictures are rolled. 

Maki-mono, n. Pictures that are kept 
rolled up, not hung up ; roll of silk. 

Maki-rokuro, «. A capstan, windlass, 
j Maki-tabako, n. A cigar. 

Maki-wara, «. A bundle of straw used 
as a target. 

Maki-wari, n. An axe used for splitting 

Ma-kive, «. Gold lacquered. — s/tt\ a 
person who paints gold lacquer. 

Maki-zove, n. Implicated, or involved 
in trouble through the offence of an- 
other. — nt au, to be involved. 

Makkax, a. Deep red. 

Makkaku, True, or pefectly square. 

Makko. Directly over the head. 

Makkltra. Very dark, pitch dark. 

Makkuro. Deep black. 

Makomo, n. A kind of rush, used in 
making coarse bags and mats. 

Makoto, n. Truth. 

Makoto-ni, adz'. Truly, really, indeed, 
sincerely ; correctly. 

Makotor.^shii,-/^/,-,^'«, a. Truth-like, 
having the appearance of truth, spe- 
cious, plausible. 

Makotoshivakani, adv. Making a show 




of truth, having the appearance of be- 
ing true, plausibly, speciously. 

Maku, n. A curtain. 

Makura, n. A pillow. 

Makitra-biyobu, n. A small screen placed 
near the bed. 

Makur.\-ye, n. Obscene pictures. 

M.\KVRi,-ru,-i^a, t. v. To roll up. 

INIakuri, n. A purgative medicine much 
used in children's complaints. 

Makuvva-uri, n. Muskmelon. 

Makuya, n. A tent. 

Mama, «. State, condition, manner, way. 

Mama, «. Boiled rice. 

Mama, m. A wet-nurse. 

Mama-chichi, n. Stepfather, foster- 

Mamagoto, n. Children's tea party, 
played with wooden cups and saucers. 

Mama-haha, «. Stepmother, foster-mo- 

Mama-ko, n. Step-child. 

Mam-ben {mi'ckt atnaneshi). Every- 
where, all over. 

Mambiki, n. A shoplifter, thief, pilferer., n. A bean, pea. — no saya, 
bean-pod. — 710 ko, bean flour. — 
gara^ empty bean-pods., n. The small blister formed on 
the hands or feet by hard work or badly 
fitting shoes. Honest, virtuous, strong, robust, 
hale, healthy ; active, busy. 

Mame-maki, «. The ceremony of scat- 
tering parched beans about the back- 
rooms of a house to drive out evil 
spirits, on the last evening of the old 

Ma-metsu. Defaced, marred, obliterated. 

Mameyaka, a. Robust, hale, active, 
prompt, quick in doing, faithful, con- 

Mamezo, «. A juggler. 

Mamige, n. The eyebrow. 

MAMiRE,-r«,-^a, i. V. Smeared, daubed, 
bedaubed. Cki-vtamire, besmeared 
with blood. Doro-tnainire, bedaubed 
with mud. 

"^IxMiYK^-yuru. To go to see, have an 
audience with, to meet or visit ; only 
used of persons of high rank. 

Mamive, «. An interview, meeting or 
audience with a person of high rank. 

Mamiveshimi,-w«, To cause to visit, to 

Mammaku, n. A silk curtain, hung be- 
fore the door of persons of high rank., adv. Spreading far and wide, 
as the ocean. 

Mammarui,-/^/,-'^«,^,^/, a. Perfectly 

Mamma-to, adv. Well, readily, easily ; 
without impediment or difficulty. 

Mamorase,-^«,-M, caust. of J\Ia7noru, 
To order or cause another to protect, 
watch, or guard. 

MAMORi,-rz< ,-//«, t. V. To guard, to 
watch, keep, defend, protect, preserve, 
take care of; to rule over. 

Mamori, n. Guarding, watching, pro- 
tection, defence, keeping, care ; charm, 
amulet. Mamori-biikiiro, a bag in 
which charms are kept and worn around 
the neck. Maviori-katana, a small 
sword or dirk, carried secretly to defend 
one's self. 

Mampachi, n. A lie. 

Mampitsu, n. Miscellaneous writings. 

Mampuku, n. A full stomach. 

M.-^M-PUKU i^yorodzu no saiivai). Ten 
thousand blessings. 

Mamuki. Directly opposite. 

Mamushi, n. The name of a poisonous 
snake, a viper. 

Man. Ten thousand, a myriad ; all, 
every. — ni hitotsu^ ten thousand to 
one ; if, peradventure. 

Manabashi, n. The chop-sticks used in 
dressing fish. 

MANABi,-^«,-«^a, t. V. To learn, to prac- 
tice, to imitate. 

Manaita, n. A board for cutting or 
cleaning fish on, a chopping-block. 

Manajiri, n. The external canthus of 
the eye.. . 

Manako, «. The eye. 

M.\NE,-r«,-/«, t. z>. To do like, to imi- 
tate, mimic, mock, copy after, to ape, 

Mane, n. Imitation, mimicry, copying 
after, personation. 

M.aneki,-/^«,-?M, t. V. To beckon, to 
call, invite. Marieki-atsumeru,, to call 
together, to invite to assemble. 

Maneki, n. Beckoning, invitation. 

Maneki, n. The lever by which the 
reeds of a loom are raised and lowered. 

M.A.NGACHi. Wanting all that one sees, 
greedy and selfish. 

Man-getsu, n. The full-moon ; the 
tenth month, or full time of utero-ges- 

Man-guwan, n. The completion of the 
time set apart for making a vow or 

M.\-Ni-.\i-,rt«,-^^a, /. V. To suit, to do, 
to answer the purpose, to be in time, to 
hit the opportunity. 

Ma-ni-ai, n. A kind of plain wall-paper. 

MA-Ni-AVVASE,-r«,-i'a, t. v. To cause to 
suit, to make do, or answer the purpose. 

M.\n-ichi, adv. Ten thousand to one; 




if, providing that, supposing, should 
there be. 

ManihoJU, «. A round ball representing 
a pearl, held in the hand of Buddhist 

Man-ju, n. A round cake made of wheat 
flour and cooked by boiling, a dump- 

Man-ki, n. Arrogance, pride, haughti- 
ness. — siiru, to be arrogant, proud. 

Man-kin-tan, n. The name of an ano- 
dyne pill. 

Man-kiv6-fu, n. A convulsive disease 
of children. 

Man-naka, n. The centre, middle. 

Man-nen-gami, n. A thick kind of pa- 
per varnished and used as a slate. 

Ma-no-atari, adv. Before one's eyes, 
in one's presence. 

Man-Riki, n A windlass, capstan. 

Manroku. Level, even, horizontal. 

Man-saku, n. A full or abundant crop. 

Man-sei. Chronic. — kins/io, chronic 

Man-shin, n. Arrogance, pride, haughti- 

Mansoko. Adhesive plaster. 

MANUKARE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To escape, 
avoid, evade ; to be pardoned. 

Ma-nuke, n. Blundering, missing the 
■■-- - t)ie^ stupid fel- 

time and 

MA-NUKi,-/^«,-rV«. t. V. To take any- 
thing from between others where there 
are too many, or too close together, to 
thin out, 

MA-NURUi,-/^z*,-/^«,-i->4z, a. Slow, dila- 
tory, idle. 

Man-vetsu. Full of joy, perfect happi- 

Man-za, n. Whole assembly. 

Man-zai {yorodzu no toshi)^ n. Ten 
thousand years, used in congratulating 
others ; also, strolling ballet singers 
and dancers, who go about at the be- 
ginning of the new year. 

Man-zara, adzu Not wholly, not en- 
tirely, — always used with a negative. 

— ivaruku vio nai^ not as bad as 
might be. 

Man-zoku. Fully or completely satis- 
fied, complete, perfect. — ni omo^ to 
feel satisfied. 

Mao, «. The flax from which grass cloth 
is made. 

Ma-otoko, n. A paramour, a lover. 

Mappadaka. Stark naked. 

Mappira, adv. Earnestly, importunately. 

— go»ten kudasare, earnestly beg you 
to excuse me. 

Matia, n. The membrum virile. 

Mare, a. Rare, strange, uncommon ; 

scarce, extraordinary. Mare - mare, 

seldom, rarely. Mare - ni, seldom, 


Mari, fi. A ball, foot-ball. Te-mari, 

j hand-ball. 

'bil\ROB,i,-bu,->ida, i. V. To fall and roll 

Marokase, n. A round ball. 
Maroto, n, A guest, visitor. 
Maru, 71. A circle ; the name given to 
the different divisions of a castle ; a ti- 
tle, or name for ships, for swords, or the 
Japanese flag. 
Maru-bachi, «. A kind of bee. 
Maru-bon, n. A round tray. 
Maru-de, adv. Wholly, entirely, alto- 
Maru-hadaka, «. Stark naked. 
Maru-goshi, n. Going without the 

sword, unarmed. 
Marui,-- ^/,-/^7<,-jA/, a. Round, circular, 
globular. Mariiku suru, to make 
round. Marukii ««r«, become round. 
Maru-ki, n. A round log. Maruki- 
baslii. a bridge made with a round log. 
Maruki-bune, a boat made out of a sin- 
gle tree, a canoe. 
MARLME,-rM,-^a, t. V. To make round. 
Marumero, n. The quince, Cydonia 

Maru-ne, n. Sleeping in one's clothes. 
Maru-nomi, n. A round chisel, or 

Maru-nomi, «. Swallowing whole. — ni 

Marusa, n. The degree of roundness. 
Maruta, n. A round log. 
Maru-toshi, n. A whole year. 
Masago, n. Sand. 

Masaka, adv. Directly, straightway, im- 
mediately, positively. — no toki, the 
critical time. 
Masakari, n. A broad axe. 
Masaki, n. The Evonymus Japoni- 

Masame, n. A small green bean. 
Masame, n. The straight grain of wood. 
Masame, n. Before one's eyes. 
Masanai,-^!,- ku,-sAi\ a. Improper, 

wrong, unbecoming. 
Masa-ni, adv. Near in time or action, 

just, almost, about, exactly. 
MASARi,-r«,-^^«, /. z>. To excel, surpass, 
outdo ; to be superior, more excellent, 
better ; to increase, become greater. 
Masashii,->^/,-/6«, a. True, real, certain, 

sure, positive. 
Ma-satsu. n. Friction, attrition. 
Masa-tsuchi, n. Soil that has not yet 
been worked, virgin-soil. 

MAT, n. A true dream, a dream 

which comes to pass. 
Masegaki, n. A fence made of bamboo 

placed upright. 
Ma-shaku, n. Proportion, measure. 
MASHi,-j«,-/rt:. A respectful colloquial 

suffix to the roots of verbs. 
MASHi,-i'«,-i'rt, t. V. To increase, to aug- 
ment, to add to, make greater. 
Mashi, adv. Better, preferable. 
Mashi-mashi,-j;/, /. V. To dwell, to sit, 

used only of the Mikado and Kami. 
Mashin, n. Measles. 
Mashite, adv. How much more ? still 

Massakasama, adv. Upside-down, 

Massaki, adv. The very first, the fore- 
Massao, ft. Deep blue, livid. 
M.\SSE, {suye 710 yo). n. Last times, or 

Masshikura-ni, adv. Riding furiously., n. Directly in front. 
Massugu, a. Straight, not crooked, di- 
Masu, n. A wooden box used as a mea- 
sure for liquids, or grain, etc., a box 
used at the angles of water-pipes. 
Masu, n. A salmon (?) 
Masugata, «. The space between the 

outer and inner gates of a castle. 
Masui, n. Anodyne, narcotic, anaesthe- 
tic. — suru, to be narcotized, or in a 
state of anaesthesia. Masui-zai.^ nar- 
cotic medicine. 
Masukagami, n. A large mirror. 
Masu-kaki, n. A stick used in leveling 

the top of a measure. 
Masu-masu, adv. More and more, still 

more, increasingly. 
Masume, n. Measure. 
Masurao, «. A strong and fearless man, 

a hero, 

Mata, adv. Again, likewise, moreover, 

also. — oide nasare^ come again. Ma- 

ta-»iaia, again and again, repeatedly. 

Mata, n. The crotch of the legs, a 

crotch, fork. 
Mataburi, n. A hook used at fires, or to 

catch thieves with. 
Mata-donari, n. Next neighbor but one. 
Mata-gai, n. Buying second-handed. 
Mata-gari, n. Borrowing at second- 
MATAGARi,-r«,-^/'a, I. V. To sit, or stand 
astride of anything, straddling, bestrid- 
ing ; to span, as an arch ; to extend 
MATAGE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To step over or 
across, to straddle, to sit across. 



MAT.\Gi,-^«,-/^a, t. V. To straddle, to 

step over. 
Matagura, n. The crotch, groin. 
Mata-itoko, n. Second cousin. 
MAT.-vSE,-r«,-^a. To cause another to 

M.\TATABI, n. The Trochostigma poly- 
gam a. 

MATATAKi,-/^«,-/rt, /. V. To wink, to 
flicker as a candle, to twinkle. Mata~ 
taku-ma^ in a twinkling, in an in- 

bondsman, — one who is surety for a 
Mata-wa, conj. Again, besides, more- 
over, furthermore, likewise. 
Mate, «. The solenensis. 
Mato, n. A target. 

Matoba, «. A place for target-shooting. 
Matoi, n. A kind of ensign made of pa- 
per and carried at fires. 
Matoi ,-(5,-^/a, i. v. To twine around, 
to wind around, coil around, to wrap 
round with clothes, to clothe, array, en- 
robe. Matoi-tsicku., to twine around, 
wind around, coil round. 

MATOMARi,-r?<,-z'/rt, /. V. Assembled to- 
gether, collected, gathered. 

MATO.ME,-r?<,-/a, t. V. To collect, to 
gather together, to assemble, bring to- 

Ma-tomo, adv. Right aft, directly astern, 
also ; directly towards one, or in front. 

MATOWARE,-r«-/a. To be twined around, 
encircled, as by a vine. 

MATO\VARi,-r«,-z'/'a, i. V. Twined around, 
wound around, encircled, coiled around. 

Matsu, n. Pine. — no ki., a pine tree. 
— no yani, pitch. 

Matsu, n. Fine powder. 

Ma-tsuchi, n. Loam, good soil. 

Matsu-dai, n. Future ages, latest gen- 

Matsu-gane-k6, n. A kind of pomatum 
used for the hair. 

Matsuge, 71. Eye-lash. Saka-matsuge, 

Matsu-go, n. The end of life, the time 
just before death. 

Matsuhodo, n. Pachima. 

Matsu-ji, n. A branch temple, a temple 
which is an offshoot from a honji.^ or 
main temple. 

Matsukasa, n. A pine-bur. 

Matsu-mushi, n. A kind of cricket. 

Matsurai,-<7, t. V. To wear, to put on, 
as clothes ; to clothe. 

MATSURi,-rz<,-i'Az, t. V. To offer sacri- 
fices, to worship, to celebrate religious 

MAT l6o 

Matsuri, n. A religious festival, or cele- 
bration, a fete. 

Matsurigoto, n. Administration of pub- 
lic affairs, government. — wo suru, to 
govern, to administer public affairs. 

RlATsUKAi,-a«, /. V. To submit, become 
subject, yield to authority. 

Matsu-take, «, A kind of edible mush- 

Mattadanaka, n. The centre. 

MATTAi,-^z,-^«,-.y/?z, a. Whole, com- 
plete, entire, perfect ; sound ; gentle. 
Matiaku suru^ to complete, make per- 
fect. — uma^ a sound horse. 

Ma-utsumuke, n. Face directly down- 
ward. — ni taoreruy to fall with the 
face to the earth. 

MAWARi,-r//,-^/«, ?'. 7'. To go round, to 
turn round, to revolve, circulate, rotate, 
spin round, whirl. 

Mawari, «. A turn, revolution ; circum- 
ference ; a period of seven days, in tak- 
ing medicine. Mi no — , the clothing. 

Mawari-awase, n. Luck, fortune. 

Mawari-ban, n. A watch, in which each 
one takes his turn. 

M.\\\'ari-d6i,- ii\-sAz\-^u, a. Round 
about, circuitous, not direct, prolix, 
lengthy, tedious, dilatory, slow. 

Mawari-doro, «. A lantern with a re- 
volving shade. 

Mawari-guwai, «. A meeting, or party 
which meets at different places in 

Mawari-mawari-ni, adzi. By turns. 

Mawari-michi, n. A circuitous road. 

M AWASHi,-f «,-)"«. f. V. To turn, to turn 
round, to wheel, whirl, spin, to circu- 

Mawashi,-^?^,-^^, (caust. of Mai). To 
make dance. Saru wo — , to make a 
monkey dance. 

Mawashi-mono, n. A spy. 

Ma-wata, n. Floss silk. 

Mawatashi, n. The cross strips on 
which laths are tied for plastering. 

Ma-yaku, {shibire-gusuri^ n. Narcotic 
medicines, anaesthetics. 

MAYAKASHi,-.r«,-^rt, /. V. To cheat, de- 
ceive, to hoax, to gull. 

Mavakashi, n. One who obtains money 
by cheating, or trickery ; a knave, jug- 
gler, cheat, swindler. 

Mave, n. Before, front, former, pre- 
vious ; proper quantity, portion, or 
share. Chaivan jUnin maye^ tea-cups 
for ten men. 

Mave-ba, v. The front or incisor teeth. 

Mave-bi, n. Day before, previous day. 

Maye-biro-ni, adv. Beforehand, pre- 

Maye-dare, n. An apron. 

Maye-gami, n. The forelock of hair. 

Maye-gari, n. Drawing money before it 
is fully due. 

Maye-kado, n. Former or previous thing, 

Maye-kake, n. An apron. 

Maye-kaki, n. A kind of hoe. 

Maye-kata. adv. Before, previously. 

Maye-kin, n. Advance-money, earnest- 
money, or the money paid in ad- 

Maye-motte, adv. Beforehand, pre- 

Maye-oki, n. Anything said as an intro- 
duction, prelude, or preface to the main 
subj ect. 

M.AYE-USHIRO. Before and after, before 
and behind, front and rear. 

Maye-watashi, n. Money paid before- 
hand, earnest-money, bargain-money. 

MAYOi,-i5,-^2'a, i. V. To be bewildered, 
confused, perplexed ; infatuated, lost, 
given up to. 

Mayoi, n. Perplexity, bewilderment, 

Ma-yoke, n. Anything that will keep 
off evil spirits. 

Ma-yori, n. The hard mucus which col- 
lects about sore eyes. 

Mayoru, n. Midnight. 

Mayowashi.-j?/,-/^, t. V. To delude, 
mislead, beguile, to lead astray, to 
charm, fascinate. 

Mayu, n. The eyebrows. Mayu-ai, 
the space between the eye-brows. Ma- 
yu-dzumi, ink used for blacking the 
eye-brows. Mayu-gashira^ the end 
of the eye-brows near the nose. Mayu- 
ge^ the hairs of the eyebrows. Mayu- 
hake., a brush used in powdering the 
face. Mayu-shiriy the outer end of 
the eyebrow. 

Mayu, n. Silk-worm's cocoon. 

Mayumi, n. The Evonymus thunber- 

MAZE,-r«,-M, i. V. To mix, mingle, 
blend, to adulterate. 

MAZE-KAYESHi,-j7^,-/rt, t. V. To spealc 
ironically, to confuse or bewilder. 

Me, n. The eye ; vision. — no tama, 
the ball of the eye. 

(2.) The teeth of a saw, grater, or 
file ; the furrows cut on a mill-stone. 

(3.) The joint or seam where two 
things, as paper or boards, are united. 

(4.) The meshes of a net ; the space 
between the threads of anything woven, 
or between the sticks of a basket. 
(5.) The grain or veins of wood. _ 
(6.) The graduated marks on a weigh- 
ing-beam, on a measure, or on a ther- 



mometcr ; the marks on dice, the 
squares of a checker-board. 

(7.) Used to specify or particularize ; 
as, Ichi-ban-me^ the first one ; Nido- 
7j:t\ the second time ; AIikka-?ne, the 
third day. 

(8.) After contemptuous epithets ; 
as, Y'ats2e-t!ie ; Koitsu me. 

(9.) Affair, accident. Hidoi-me ni 
aita^ met with cruel treatment. Me ni 
atta., met with an accident. 

Me, n. A female, woman, wife. Me wo 
metoru.^ to marry a woman. (2.) The 
female of animals or birds. Me-7tshi^ 
a cow ; 7ne inii^ a bitch. Mendori^ a 
female bird. 

Me, n. A bud — of a leaf or flower, a 
sprout, or young shoot. Ki 710 7Jte ga 
deru^ the trees are budding. 

Me, «. A kind of edible sea-weed. 

Me-akashi, «. A spy, secret police- 

Me-ate, n. The object, aim, purpose, 
design, intention ; also that to which 
one looks for help or direction. 

ME-.\WASE,-r?<:,-/'a, t. V. To give in mar- 
riage, to give to wife. 

Me-bajiki, «. Leonurus sibiricus ; 

Me-bari, «, Pasting paper over a crack 
or joint. 

Me-bataki, «. Winking, flickering, 

Me-bayai,-/&/,-/{v/,-j/?z, a. Sharp-sighted, 

Me-baye, >t. A sprout, a young shoot. 

MEBUKi,-/&i^-zVrt, /. 7'. To bud, sprout. 

Me-bun-riy6, «. Judging of the weight, 
or measure of anything by the eye. 

ME-DACHi,-/'i-«,-^/'«, 1. V. To attract at- 
tention, to be conspicuous, to be showy, 

, gay. 

Medaka, n. A very small kind of fresk- 
water fish. 

Medake, n. A kind of bamboo. 

Me-da!\ia, 71. The ball of the eye. 

'MK-'DAK\:i,-ki\-ku,-s/ii, a. Eyes tired or 
or fatigued by looking. 

Me-dashi, «. Sprouting, germinating. 

Med.\tawashii,-/^/,-/&«, a. Anything 
which attracts observation, or the eyes 
of others ; showy, gay. 

Mede, medzuru, L v. To love, admire, 
to be fond of. j 

Medetai,-/&z,-/^?<,-j/zz", a. To be congrat- 
ulated, joyful, happy, fortunate. 6 77te- '■ 
dcto gozari77iasu., I wish you joy, I I 
congratulate you. Medetakii tiai koto, \ 
an unlucky event. j 

Medogi, 71. Divining sticks. 

Me-d6ri, 71. Admission into the pres- I 

I ence of, or interview with, a superior 

MEDZLRASHn,->^z,-/^«,-i-/z/, a. Rare, un- 
frequent, unusual ; singular, strange, 
extraordinary, remarkable, curious, odd. 
Medzurashikic nai, not strange. 

Medzurashisa, «. Rareness, singularity, 

Mega, «. A female deer, a doe. 

MEGAKE,-r!/,-/«, t. V. To single out, to 
keep the eye on, to mark, notice. 

Me-gami, n. A female divinity, a god- 

Megane, «. Spectacles. 

Megane-shi, n. An optician. 

MEGE,-ra,-2'«, i. v. To be broken, 
crushed, to be deeply affected by. 

MEGUMi,-w«,-«^rt, i. 7'. To show kind- 
ness, to pity and aid, to do good to, 
bestow blessings. 

Megumi, 7t. Kindness, blessings, bene- 
ficence, mercies, grace, benevolence, 
good will, favor. 

Megumi,-;««,-«^<x, /. V. To bud, to 

MEGURASHi,-j«,-^rt. To make go round, 
to turn, to cause to circulate, revolve ; 
to revolve in the mind, ponder over, to 
set a-going. 

MEGUR!,-r?« ,-//«, L V. To go round, to 
revolve, circulate, to rotate ; to go or 
travel about. Meguri-au^ to meet each 
other when away from home. 

Meguri, «. Turn, round, revolution, 
circuit, rotation ; vicinity ; catamenia. 

MEGUWASE,-r«,-^«, /. V. To wink at, to 
give a signal by winking. 

Meguvvase, 71. Hinting, or giving a 
signal by winking. 

Me-hashi. — ga kiku^v^\i\c\e. to perceive, 
thoughtful, attentive. — ga kikanai, 
careless, heedless. 

Mei, 71. Name ; famous, celebrated, re- 
nowned, eminent, illustrious. — da, a 
celebrated horse. — butsu, a famous 
article. — i. an eminent physician. 
— • ka, an illustrious house or family. 

— ke7i, a famous sword. — sakii^ an 
article made by a celebrated maker. 

— san^ a famous product of the soil, or 
of manufacture. — lutsii, a famous 
penman. — sho, a celebrated place. 

Mei, n. Life, fate, destiny; command, 
order, decree. Mei-rci, command, or- 
der. Mei-su^ the years of one's life. 

Mei, «. A niece. Mei-77iuko, niece's 

Mei-do, 71. Hades, the invisible world, 
region of the dead. 

Mei-d6, ijtari ugokii). — sum, to send 
forth a sound and shake. 




Mei-fuda, «. A label or ticket bearing 

the name of the article. 
Mei-haku, a. Clear, plain, evident ; 

just, honest, open, frank, fair, candid; 

above-board, without concealment. 

Banji — ni suru ga yoi^ it is best to 

be honest in everything. 
Me-isha, n. An oculist. 
yiv-iiXy-dzuru^-ta^ t. v. To command, 

order, give instructions to a servant, to 

MEiji,-(3?2«r«,-^rt, t. V. To engrave, or 

Mei-jitsu, {iniyo-nichi^ adv. To-mor- 
Mei-kan, {akirakanaru kagami^ n. 

The clear mirror, = just balance, just 

Mei-mei, pron. Each one separately, 

each by himself, each and all, every 

Mei-nichi, n. The day of the month, 
or year in which a person's death is 

MEiRi,-r«,-^/'ti, /. V. To be given up to 
drink, or drunkenness. 

Mei-sai. — «/, minutely, particularly. 

Mei-shi, {na-kotoba^ n. A noun, or 

Mei-shu, (chikai no ntcsht), n. The per- 
son set up as chief, leader, or head of a 
company, whom they swear to obey. 

Mei-tei. Intoxicated, drunk. 

Mei-waku, n. Trouble, embarrassment, 
perplexity, quandary, annoyance. 

Mei-yaku, n. An oath, covenant, agree- 

Mei-vo, n. Good reputation, high es- 
teem, honor, renown. 

Mejika, n. -A doe. 

Mfjirushi, n. A sign, mark, signal, bea- 

Me-kado, n. Sharpness of sight or per- 
ception. — ni tarareru, to be marked, 
singled out, or detected. — ivo tsu- 
keru, to detect or mark. 

Me-kago, n. An open-worked basket. 

Mekake, tt. A concubine, mistress. 

Me-kakushi, n. Blind-men's buff, a 
board-screen, the blinds of a bridle. 

Me-kao, n. Expression of the face or 
eye ; grimace, or signs made by the eye 
or face. 

MEK:ARi,-r2/,-5/i/, i. v. To be weary of 
lookmg at. 

Me-kari, n. A gatherer of sea-weed. 

Meka,shi,-j/<,-/«. To make a foppish or 
dandyish appearance ; to put on the 
appearance of, to make a show of. 

Mekata, n. Weight. 

Me-kiki, n. Expert in judging of the . 

qualities of any work of art, or of silk, 
tea, etc. Meki/ci-s/ta, a connoisseur, 
an inspector. 

Mekkachi, n. Blind cf one eye, a one- 
eyed person. 

Mekki, «. Plated with gold. — wo 
suru, to plate with gold. 

Mekkiri, adv. Exceeding, verj'. — sa- 
mukunatta., has become very cold. 

Me-kubari, n. Overseeing, superintend- 
ing, or watching many things. 

Mekubase, n. Winking or making signs 
with the eyes. 

Mekugi, «, A rivet. 

Mekura, n. ■ A blind person. 

i\lE-KURAM.\SHi,-j«,-i'a, t. V. To blind 
hoodwink, to cheat, impose upon, 

Me-kuramashi, n. A juggler, one who 
performs sleight of hand tricks. 

Mekura-uchi, n. Striking, or shooting 
at random. 

Mekuri, n. A kind of game played with 

MKKURi,-rte.-iia, t. v. To peel off, strip 
off, tear off, to uncover. 

Meki:ri-fud.\, n. Playing cards. 

Me-kurumeki,-/^?^, /. z>. To be light- 
headed, dizzj', vertiginous, giddy. 

Me-kuso, n. Gummy discharge from 



]ME-MAGiRE,-r?/,-^rt, /. V. To have the 
sight confused, blurred, or indistinct, 
as by too strong a light. 

Memagurushii,-/4-/,-.^m, a. Troublesome, 
annoying, as children by noise and run- 


Dizziness, vertigo, giddi- 

Mex-birodo, n. Cotton velvet. 
Mem-b6, n. A veil. 
Mem-b6, n. A wooden rolling-pin. 
Mem-boku, n. (fig.) Face, countenance. 

— ga naiy to be out of countenance, 
ashamed, crestfallen. — ivo us/iinau, 
to lose face, to be humiliated, morti- 
fied. — wo hodokosu, to put in coun- 
tenance, to encourage. 

]\lEMESHii,->i-.'",-/t«,-j/i/, a. Woman-like, 
womanish, feminine, weak, timid. 

Memma, n. A mare. 

Mem-mitsu. Fine in texture ; minutely, 
particularly ; carefully. 

Memosui, 71. Chloroform. 

Me-moto, 71. Near the eye ; the expres- 
sion of the eye. 

Mempi, {tsura no kawa), «. The skin 
of the face ; fig. the face, countenance, 

— 7U0 kaku^ to be ashamed, to be put 
out of countenance. 

Mem-puku, n. Clothing made of cot- 



Men, n. A mask. 

Men, (.kao), n. The face, surface. Icki 
— , the whole surface. Nin-men^ a 
human face. Kai-men^ the surface of 
the ocean. Ji->iien, the face of the 
ground. Men-tnett, each one, every- 
one. Men-so, physiognomy. Men- 
daHy talking face to face. Men-tei^ 
the features or form of the face. 

Men, ijiengu)^ n. Tax on the products 
of the farm. 

ME-NARE,-r2<,-^a, /. V. Used to, or ac- 
customed to seeing anything, to know 
by sight. 

Men-CHI, n. Land exempted from taxes. 

Men-d6. Troublesome, difficult, irk- 
some, requiring time and care. 

Mendori, n. A female bird, a hen. 

Me-neko, n. A female cat. — 710 sanyd^ 
mental arithmetic. 

MENji,-^3«rz<,-/«, t. V. To allow, ex- 
cuse, forgive, exempt ; to remit, dis- 
pense with ; abate, as punishment ; re- 
move from office. 

Men-j6, n. A written permit, a license ; 
diploma, commission. 

Men-ken. To be dizzy, giddy, light 
headed, to be salivated. 

Men-kivo, n. Permission, sanction, cer- 
tificate, license ; a diploma. — suru, 
to permit, authorise. 

Meno, n. Agate. 

Me-no-ko-zan, n. Reckoning by count- 
ing on the fingers ; mental arithmetic. 

Menoto, n. A wet-nurse. Menoto-go, 
a child suckled by a wet-nurse. 

Men-rui, n. Food made of wheat flour. 

Men-sen, n. A cotton rug. 

Men-ten, n. Cotton velvet. 

Men-tsO, n. A wooden box carried by 
beggars, for keeping food in. 

Men-vo, «. A sheep. 

Men-y6-na, a. Strange, bewildering, 
astonishing, surprising. 

Me-o, n. Male and female. 

Me-oeoye, n. Memory of something 
which one has seen. 

Me-oni, n. The person who is blind- 
folded in blindman's buff. 

Me-oto, {fufu,) n. Husband and wife. 

Mepparikko, adv. Face to face, spoken 
of two persons talking together alone. 

Meppo. Unreasonable, absurd, exorbi- 
tant, outrageous. — 71a yatsic, a des- 
perado. Mcjiipokai., outrageous, pre- 
posterous, monstrous, absurd. 

Meri, n. Deficiency in weight or quan- 

MERI-K9MI, w?<,-«(/a, /. t/. To be defi- 
cient in weight or quantity ; to cave in, 
to indent. 

Merivasu, n. Any knit work ; gloves ; 

the name of a tune. 
Me-r6, n. A contemptuous epithet for a 

M E-s A ME,-r «,-/«, i. V. To awake from 

sleep, to come to one's self, to have one's 

eyes opened. 
MESARE,-r «,-/«, pass, of Meshi. To be 

called, sent for, summoned, ordered ; 

to wear, to put on, to dress. 
Meseki-ami, n. A net with fine meshes. 
Meshi, n. Boiled rice. Miigi — , boiled 

wheat. — doki., meal-time. JMeshi- 

bitsii., a rice box. Meshi-isugi., a rice 

MESHi,-j«,-/rt, /. z>. To call, send for, 

summon, cite, to order. 
MESHi,-j«,-2'a, t. V. To wear, to put on 

dress, to dress. 
MESHi-AGARi,-rz^,-^/a, z. V. To take 

food, to eat. 
MESHi-AGE,-r//,-^«, t. V. To take away, 

take possession of, seize, to levy, to 

MESHi-ATSUME,-r?<,-^a, /. V. To call or 

summon together. 
Meshi-bumi, n. A subpena, a written 

summons, or citation. 
MESHi-DASHi,-j«,-/a, t. V. To call forth, 

to call out into public service, to ap- 
point to office. 
Meshi-gushi,-.s-«, t. V. To take along 

with, as servants or attendants. 

MESHI-HAN.ASARE,-r?<,-/rt, l. V. To be 

expelled from office, to have cue's es- 
tate or salary taken away. 

Meshii, n. A blind person. 

Meshi-j6, n. A written summons to 
court, a subpena. 

Meshi-kakave, r?^,-/'rt, t. V. To appoint 
to office, to take into service. 

Meshi-mono, «. Clothes. 

Meshi-mori, n. Hotel servant girls. 

Meshi-some, 71. The first dressing in the 
Ka77tishi7tio, or clothes of ceremony. 

Me-shita, «. Inferiors, persons of low 

Meshi-taki, n. A cook. 

MESHi-TORi,-r?^,-//^, L V. To arrest, to 
seize, as a criminal ; apprehend. 

Meshi-tsukai, 7t. A servant. 

MESHi-TSURE,-r?^,-2'a, t. V. To take 
along with, as a servant or attendants. 

Meshi-udo, 71. A prisoner, criminal. 

MESHi-vosE,-rz^,-^a, t. V. To summon 
or call together, to call near. 

Meso-kaki,-,^«,-zV(T, (or 77ieso wo kaku)., 
i. V. To prepare to cry, to be on the 
point of crying. 

Messo. Outrageous, extravagant, exor- 




MESSHi^-surit ,-ia, {horobiru^ i. v To 
die, to finish, to perish, to destroy, ex- 

Mesl', m. Female of birds, or animals. 

Mesu-osu, n. Male and female ; gen- 

Me-tate, n. A saw-sharpener, a repair- 
er of the teeth of a grater, or of mill- 

Metcha, n. The marks left on the face 
by small-pox ; confused, disordered, 
jumbled together. 

Mete, {jnigi no te^) n. The right-hand. 

Mete-zashi, n. A dagger worn in the 
belt on the right side. 

METORi,-r?<,-^^«, ^. 7'. To marry a wife. 

Me-tsubo, n. The orbit of the eye. 

Metsubo, n. Destruction, ruin. 

Me-tsubure-dake, n. A puff-ball the 
dust of which is poisonous to the eyes. 

Me-tsubushi, n. Anything thrown into 
the eyes to cause blindness. 

Me-tsuke, n. A public censor, or spy. 
of the 

The expression 

Me-tsuki, n. 

Metta. Reckless, indiscriminate, heed- 
less, thoughtless, random. 

METTA-Ni,rt-'/z'. Carelessly, heedlessly, 
without just cause or reason ; used in 
a negative sentence, with the meaning 
of seldom, infrequent, rarely. — nai, 
not often, seldom. — konai^ seldom 

Me-yami, «. Sore eye, disease of the 

Me-yani, n. A gummy or mucous dis- 
charge from the eyes. 

Mf.vasu-bako, «. A box placed before 
the gate of a court-house into which 
petitions or complaints are thrown by 
any one. 

Mevasl-GAKI, n. A summons or writ- 
ten citation to parties in a suit to appear 
before the magistrate. 

Meyasu-gata, n. The magistrate or 
judge who tries a lawsuit. 

Mezamashi, n. Awakening from sleep. 
— iokei^ an alarm clock. 

Mezamashii,-/^z",-/4'w. a. Awaking the 
attention, wonderful, astonishing, ap- 

Me-zashi, n. A small fish dried by 
stringing them on a stick passed through 
the eyes. 

ME-ZASHi,-i-«,-^rt, t. 7'. To fix the eyes 
on, to aim for, to direct the attention 

Me-zatoi,-,^?,-/{'?^-j///, a. Easily awak- 
ened, not sleeping soundly. 

Me-zaw.\ri, n. In the way of the eyes, 
obstructing the view, offensive to sight. 

Mezo, «. The eye of a needle. 

Mi, «. A shallow basket used for clean- 
ing rice. 

Mi, n. Fruit, seed, nut ; anything pro- 
duced by a tree, grass, etc. — wo mu- 
subu, to bear fruit. 

Mi, «. The body; person, one's self; 
station or condition of life ; the blade 
of a sword or knife ; the body of a box 
or cup, in distinction from the lid ; 
flesh, meat. 

Mi. Three. 

Mi, per. j>ron. I, — only used by supe- 
riors in speaking to inferiors. Mi-do/no, 
we. On y«/, you, — used in speakii.g to 

Mi, n. The snake, one of the twelve 
calendar signs. Mi no toki, ten o'clock 
.A.M. Ml no tsuki, the fourth month. 

Mi. a term of honor or respect prefixed 
to words relating to the Kami or Mi- 

Mi. a prefix, meaning deep, great ; as, 
Mi-yuki, a deep snow. 

Mi, «. Taste, flavor ; a numeral for 
medicine. Bi-mi^ pleasant taste. Sam- 
mi^ sour. Ichi-nii no mono, a friend, 
one of the same mind or party. 

Mi,-rz<,-i'a. t. V. To see, look at, per- 
ceive, to feel ; with other verbs has the 
meaning of trying, attempting, endea- 
vor. Tabete mite kudasare., taste and 
see what it is like. Miyaku ivo miru., 
to feel the pulse. Nete mite mo nera- 
renai., he tried to sleep but could not. 
Shite miru^ to attempt or try to do. 

Mi-AG.ARi, n. — suru., to be irritated, 
angry, provoked. 

Mi-AGE,-r«,-Ar, t. V. To look up at. 

Mi-Ai, n. Secretly getting a look at. 

Mi-AKi,-/^?/,-/^rt, /. V. To be tired of 
looking at, to loathe the sight of. 

Mi-ATE, «. Example, rule, copy. 

Mi-AWASE,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To look out 
for, to look and ascertain, to see about ; 
to leave off, let be, cease ; to look at 
each other. 

Mi-AWASHii,-j«,-^a, t. V. To join to- 
gether in marriage. 

M\-.\\Ahi\cni,-tsu,-tta, t. v. To mis- 
take in seeing, to see incorrectly. 

Mi-BA, n. The looks, show, appearance. 

Mi-BAYE, n. Growing wild, as a plant, 
or growing from the seed. 

Mi-BiiKi, n. Selfishness, self love. 

Mi-Bi'N, n. Place, social position ; con- 
dition, rank, or station in life. 

Mi-BURi, n. Carriage, deportment, man- 
ners, action or motion of the body, 

Mi-BURi,->-«,-^/a, t. V. To imitate, as- 




sume the part of, as in a play ; to g^- 
ticulate, to deport one's self. 

Mi-BURUi, n. Shaking, trembling or 
shivering of the body. 

MiCHi, n. A road, way (fig.), the right 
way, truth, principles, doctrine, teach- 
ing, duty, office, function, art. — no 
be^ side or vicinity of a road. — no 
ki, a road-book or journal of one's 
travels. Michi-nori^ length of a road, 
journey. Michi-shirtibe^ a way-mark, 
a guide. Michi-sugara^ while in the 

JAiCKi^-tsziru or ru^-ta^ i. v. To be full, 
fill up or occupy the whole extent, to 
be complete. 

MiCHi-BATA, n. The side of a road. 

MiCHi-DzuRE, n. Fellow traveler, com- 
panion on a journey. 

Mi-CHiGAYE,-rz<,-iffl;, /. V. To see and 
mistake, or not know, not to recog- 

MiCHi-GUSA, n. Sporting or playing by 
the way, loitering. 

MiCHi-Hi, n. Ebb and flow of the tide. 

MiCHi-KAKE, n. The waxing and wan- 
ing of the moon. 

MiCHi-MiCHi, adv. While in the way, or 
on the road. 

MiCHiSHiKi,-/t«, a. Full, filled. 

MiCHi-SHiwo, n. Flood tide. 

MiCHi-suji, n. The line of a road, pub- 
lic ways. 

MiCHi-WATARi,-r«,-//«, Filling every 
place, spreading over. 

Mi-DAME. One's own interest, self-in- 

MiDANUKi, n. The name of an animal. 

MiDARA-NA, n. Acting disorderly, or 
contrary to propriety, order or rule ; 

MiDARE,-r«,-/a, i. V. Disturbed, disor- 
dered, thrown into confusion, excited 
to tumult, agitated. 

MiDARE, n. Disturbance, excitement, 
disorder, confusion, tumult. 

MiDARE-iRi,-r2<,-^/<n;, i. v. To enter in 
confusion or tumultuously, to go in 

MiDARi-M, adv. Disorderly, arbitrarily, 
irregularly ; not in accordance with 
law, order, propriety, or custom. 

MiDASHi,-j«,-^rt, t. V. To derange, throw 
into disorder, to disturb the regular 
order, to break down, confuse, to de- 
prave, corrupt. 

Mi-DASHi,-j«,-M, t. V. To find by look- 
ing for, to discover, descry. 

Mi-DATE, n. Appearance calculated" to 
strike the eye, or arrest attention ; 
show, display, l(*oks. 

Mi-DOKORO, n. Something noticeable, or 
worthy of observation, remarkable. 

Midori, n. Green color. 

Midori-go, n. An infant. 

MiDORO. Smeared over with ; as, Cht- 
m I doro' smeared with blood. Ase-m/- 
doro, covered with sweat. 

MiDZU, n. Water. 

MiD2U-ABi, n. Bathing with cold water. 

MiDZU-ABURA, n. The oil made from 

MiDZU-AGE, n. Unloading goods from a 
ship or boat. 

MiDZU-Ai, n. The junction of two 
streams of water. 

MiDZU-AME. n. A kind of syrup or jelly 
made of malt. 

MiDZU-ASAGi, n. A light blue color. 

MiDZU-BANA, «. Mucous discharge from 
the nose, as in catarrh. 

Mipzu-BARE, n. A watery swelling, drop- 
sical swelling. 

MiDZU-BUKi, «. The Euryale ferox. 

MiDZU-BUKURE, «. A water-blister, bleb, 

MiDZU-BUKURO, n. The air bladder of 

MiDzu-BUNE, n. A vat, trough, or box 
for holding water ; a water-boat, or a 
boat which supplies ships with water. 

MiDZU-CHo, n. A land register, or re- 
cord containing charts, plans, the qual- 
ity, ownership and rate of taxes, of all 
the land held by the peasantry. 

MiDZu-DEPPo, n. A squirt, syringe. 

MiDzu-DOKEi, n. A clepsydra. 

MiDZU-DORi, «. A water fowl. 

MiDzu-FUKi, n. A utensil for watering 
plants, a watering-pot. 

MiDzu-GAKi, n. A picket fence. 

MiDZU-GiwA, «. Edge of the water. 

MiDZU-GORi, «. Cleansing the body with 
water, as in some religious ceremonies. 

MiDZU-GURUMA, «. A water-wheel. 

MiDzir-GUSA, n. Grass, or weeds growing 
in the water. 

MiDzu-GuwASHi, n. Fruit. 

MiDzu-HiKi, n. A fine cord of white and 
red color, made of paper, and used for 
tying up presents ; a curtain before the 
stage of a theatre; letting out water 
from a channel for irrigation, by open- 
ing an embankment. 

MiDZU-iMO, H. Chicken-pox. 

MiDZU-iRE, «. A vessel for holding wa- 

MiDZU-iRO, n, A light blue color. 

MiDzu-jAKU, n. A rod, or line for mea- 
suring the depth of water, a log. 

MiDZU-KAGAMi, «. Water used as a mir- 




MiDZU-KAGE, n. The shadow of any- 
thing in water, or reflection of water. 

MiDZUKAi,-a7<, t. V. To water animals. 

MiDzv-KAKE-RON, «. A quarrel or dis- 
pute in which each recklessly incrimin- 
ates the other. 

MiDzu-KAME, n. A water jar. 

MiDZU-KANE, 71. Quicksilver, mercury. 

MiDZUKARA, pers. pron. By or of one's 
self; it may mean, myself, yourself, 
himself, herself, according to its connec- 

MiDZU-KiN, 7t. A bribe or present made 
to one from whom a favor is expect- 

MiDZU-KASA, n. The volume or quan- 
tity of water. 

MiDZU-KE, n. Moisture, dampness. 

MiDZU-KEMURi, n. The mist which rises 
from water. 

MiDzuKO, n. A new-born infant. 

MiDZUKOSHi, «. A filter. 

MiDzi'-KUGURi,-r«,-/^a, /. v. To dive 
under water. 

MiZDU-KUROi, n. Adjusting one's clothes. 

MiDZU-KUSA, n. An exzematous erup- 
tion about the mouth of children. 

MiDZU-KLSAi,->4'z,-/^«, a. Raw or fresh 
taste ; insipid, lukewarm ; unfeeling, 
false-hearted, insincere. 

MiDzu-MiDZu-TO, adv. Fresh and beau- 
tiful ; having a fresh, young, and un- 
faded look. * 

MiDZU-MONO, n. A fluid, liquid. 

MiDZU-MORi, n. A water-level. — nawa, 
a plumb-line. 

MiDZU-NA, n. A kind of greens. 

MiDZU-NAWA, n. A line used in leveling 
or measuring ground. 

MiDZU-NOMi, n. A cup for drinking wa- 
ter. — hiyakusho., a farm-laborer. 

MiDZU-NO-TARU. Smooth, shining, and 
beautiful, — like the surface of water. 

MiDZU-NO-TE, n. The supply of water. 

MiDZUNOTO, n. One of the ten calendar 

One of the ten calendar 
1 for draining off 

MiDZU-NUKi, n. A di 

standing water. 
MiDZU-oCHi, n. The pit of the stomach. 
MiDzu-SAKi, 71. A ship's pilot. 
MiDZU-SASHi, 71. A pitcher. 
MiDzu-SEKi, 71. A dam. 
MiDZU-SHiME, «. A female servant. 
MiDZU-suji, 71. A vein of water, as in 

digging for a well ; currents in the 

MiDzu-suMASHi, n. An insect which 

moves about on the surface of water. 
MiDzu-TA. 7t. Rice-fields which are ai- 

rways wet and boggy, and which cannot 
be drained. 

MiDZU-TADE, «. Water-cress. 

MiDZU-TAMA, 7t. Crystal, or quartz ; also, 
drops of water or spray. 

MiDZU-TAMARi, «. A puddle of water. 

MiDZL-TAME, 71. A rain-tub, a cistern 
for holding water. 

MiDZL-TORU-TAMA, 71. Crystal, quartz. 

MiDzu-uMi, 71. A lake. 

MiDzu-uMi. 71. The pustules of small- 

MiDZU-YA, n. A seller of water, a wash- 

MiDZU-voKE, n. A breakwater, or any 
structure for defending the banks of a 
river against the current. 

MiDZU-ZEME, 71. Torture by water. 

MiGAKi,-/4-?/,-z'/a, t. 71. To make to 
shine, to polish, burnish, to rub up ; to 
brighten ; to refine, purify, make more 

MiGAKi, «. Polishing, burnishing. 

MiGAKi-KO, 71. Polishing-power. 

Mi-G.\MAVE, 7t. Posture, or position of 
the body, as in fencing. 

Mi-GAR.\, 71. The kind or quality of per- 
son — either physically or socially. 

Mi-GATER.\, adv. While looking at. 
Shibai wo 77ti-gatera 7710710 wo kai Tti 

Mi-GATTE, 7t. One's own convenience or 
pleasure, self-indulgence, selfishness. 

Mi-GAWARi, n. Taking the place of an- 
other, a substitute. 

MiGi, 71. Right ; aforesaid, above-men- 
tioned. — 710 te, right hand. — no ho., 
right side. 

MiGiRij «. A stone pavement, or wall ; 
the right ; time, period of time. 

Mi-GiWA, 71. Edge of the water, shore. 

MiGO, 71. The stem on which the grains 
of rice grow. 

Mi-GOMORi, 7t. Pregnant, with child. 

Mi-GOROSHi, 71. Letting one die without 
rendering assistance. 

MiGoTO, a. Beautiful, handsome, pret- 

Mi-GURUSHii,-^/,-A-z<, a. Ugly, offensive 
to the eyes, homely. 

MiGUSHi, «. The hair of the head. — 
oroshiy one who shaves the head and 
retires from public life. 

Mi-HABA, 71. The width of a dress. 

Mi-HADzusHi,-j«,-^«, t. V. To overlook, 
miss seeing. 

Mi-HAKARAi.-rt?<,-a^^a, i.v. To judge of, 
or estimate by the eye. 

Mi-H.\RASHi,-j«,-^rt, t. V. To look at a 
prospect or distant objects from a 
height. » 



Mi-HAKASHI, n. A wide or extensive view, 
It and 

a parapet. « 

Mi-HAKi,-r?<,-^/rt, /. -v. To look 
watch what is passing, to stare. 

Mi-HARi, n. A iook-out, or station- 

Mi-HiRAKi,-^M,-zV«, t. V. To discover, 
lay open, or disclose something con- 

Mi-iRE,-rM,-/«, /. V. To charm, bewitch, 

Mi-iRi, n. The bearing of fruit, the qual- 
ity of the fruit, the crop. 

Mi-iTOKO, n. The grandchild of a cou- 
sin, a third cousin. 

MijiKAi,->^?, --^«,-i-Az', a. Short, not 

MijiK:AME,-r«,-/a, t. v. To shorten, 

MijiKASA, «, The shortness, the length. 

MijiMAi, 11. Dressing, attiring, adorning 
the face and head, — in the manner of 

MijiME, n. Cruelty, abusive treatment. 
MijiMAKU, n. Looking after or minding 

only one's own interests. 
Mi-jiN, n. Fine dust, smallest particle, a 

mite, a piece. 
MijiROKi,-/^«, i. v. To shrink back in 

fear, to draw back, to flinch, to start in 

Mi-juKU. Not yet ripe ; imperfect in 

learning, or skill ; green, inexperienced. 
Mi-KADO, n. The Emperor. 
MiKA-DZUKi, n. The moon as seen on 

the third day, new moon. 
'^li-K..KGiRi-ru,-tta. i. V. No longer able 

to endure the sight of, no longer willing 

to see, to discard. 
MiKAKE, n. Appearance, looks. 
Mi-K:AKE,-r«,-/^, t. V. To lay eyes on, 

to see, to meet. 
Mi-KAKE-DAOSHi, v. Anything different 

from what it appears, false or deceptive 

Mi-KAN", n. An orange. 
Mi-K.\T.\, 11. A friend ; one of the same 

army, side, or party, our side. 
Mi-K;A\v.A.SHi,-Ji/,-M, t. V. To exchange 

glances, to look at and recognize. 
Mi-KAVE,-^/^,-^a, i. V. To look back, 

look behind ; to change the object of 

one's admiration for something else. 
Mi-KAYESKi,-.f«,-/«, t. V. To regard 

again with favor something which one 

had rejected or disliked. 
MiKEN, n. The space over the nose be- 
tween the ej'ebrows. 
MiKi, n. Sake offered to the Kami. 
MiKi. n. The trunk of a tree. 
Mi-KiKi, n. Seeing and hearing. 

Mi-KiRENu. Cannot be wholly seen, too 
much for the eye to see at once. Uini 
ga hirokute me ni mikirenu.^ the 
ocean is so wide it cannot be all seen at 

Mi-KiRi,-r«,-//a, /. V. To settle in one's 
mind to see no more. 

Mi-KivvAME,-7'«,-/a, t. V. To decide 
on, settle in one's mind, take good aim 

MiKKA. The third day of the month, 
three da3's. 

MiKKEi {/izsokana hakarigoto). A secret 

cret meeting. 

MiKO, «. A woman who pretends to hold 
communication with the gods and the 
spirits of the dead, and to tell fortunes ; 
a fortune-teller, witch, 

MiKO, H. A prince or son of the Mikado. 
Hivie tniko^i a princess. 

Mi-KO. Three strands. — z'/o, thread 
of three strands. 

Mi-KO, «. Triplets. 

Mi-Ko.Mi, n. Opinion, judgment, esti- 
mate, view, supposition ; shape or form 
as taken in by the eye. 

Mi-KOMi,-w7<,-;/^rt, f. V. To see into or 
perceive clearly, to reckon upon, esti- 

Mi-KONASHi,-j«,-/a, t. V. To run down, 
depreciate, disparage, detract. 

MiKOSHi, n. The sacred car, in which 
the mirror, the paper, or the idol, which 
represents the Kami, is taken out in 
processions and festivals. 

Mi-KOSHi,-j«,-^rt, t. V. To look over any- 
thing intervening ; to foresee , to per- 
ceive future events. 

MiKOTO-NORi, n. An order or command 
of the Mikado. — suru, to com- 

Mitco-voSE, n. Inquiring of a witch or 
fortune-teller. — wo suru, 

Mi-KUBiRi,-r«,-//a, t. V. To despise, 

Mi-KUDARi-HAN, «. A bill of divorce- 
ment, — so called from its being always 
written on three lines and a half. 

Mi-KUDASHi,-i-a,-;'rt, /. V. To look down ; 

to despise, look down on, contemn. 
Mi-KUDZU, n. Rubbish floating in wa- 

Mi-KUji, n. Divining sticks, used in tem- 
ples to learn the mind of the Kami. 

Mi-KUSA, n. Sea-weed ; any grass grow- 
ing in water. 

Mi-MAGAi,-a?<, or ^, t. V. To mistake one 
thing for another, to confound different 

MIM I 68 

MiMAi,-au,-affa, i. v. To condole with, 
to make a visit of sympathy to one in 

MiMAi, n. A visit of friendship, con- 
dolence, or sympathy. 

Mi-MASHi, n. Best-looking, the pretti- 

Mi-MAWARi,-rz^,-^^«, /, V. To go about 
looking, to go around on watch, to look 

Mi-MAWARi, n. Looking around, going 

around as a watchman. 
Mi-MAWASHi,^«, -/a, t. V. To look 

Mime, «. The countenance, face. 
Mi-MEGURi,-ri<,-^/a, z. V. To go about 

Mi-MEI, {imada akedzu)^ n. Before the 

dawn of day. 
MiMi, n. The ear ; the selvedge of cloth, 

MiMiCHii,--^«, a. Attentive to business ; 

active or diligent in one's business, in- 
MiMi-DARAi, n. A basin with ears, — to 

lift it by. 
MiMi-DARE, «. A discharge of pus from 

the ears. 
MiMiDZU, «. A red earth-worm. 
MiMiDZi-KU, n. A kind of owl. 
MiMi-GAKUMON, w. Learning acquired by 

the ear. 
MiMi-GANE, n. Ear-ring, ornaments worn 

in the ear. 
MiMi-KAKi, «. An ear-pick. 
MiMi-KOSURi, n. Whispering in the ear. 
MiMi-KUSO, n. Ear-wax. 
MiMiSHii, «. A deaf person. 
MiMi-TABU, n. The lobe of the ear. 
MiMi-TAKE, n. A mushroom which 

grows from the trunk of a dead tree. 
MiMOCHi, «. Conduct, behavior, deport- 
ment; pregnancy. 
MiM-PEi, n. Soldiers from the common 

people ; militia. 
Mi-MUKI, «. Looking towards. — wo 

sedzu, would not even look towards 

MiN, itami), n. The people. Min-ka, 

the houses of the common people. 

Min-sei, people, a democratic govern- 
MiNA, n. A kind of river-shell, like the 

MiNA, adv. All, everything, the whole. 

Mina-mina, all, everyone, the whole. 

Mina-sama, all of you. 
MiNADZUKi, «. The sixth month. 
Ml-NAGASHI, n. Letting anything pass 

without noticing, seeing but taking no 

notice of. 

Mi-NAGE, n. Drowning one's self. — 
1VO suru, to commit suicide by drown- 

MiNAGi, M. A kind of water plant. 

MiNAGiRi,-r«, i. V. To rise and swell, as 
waves ; to surge. 

MiNAGiWA, n. Water's edge. 

MiNA-GOROSHi, n. Putting all to death, 
extermination by the sword. 

MiNAKAMi, n. The head-waters, foun- 
tain-head, source, origin. 

MiNAKiCHi, n. The openings made for 
water to flow out of, as in the banks of 
rice-fields or ponds. 

MiNAMi, n. The south. 

MiNAMOTO, 71. The fountain-head, the 
head or source of a river. 

Mi-NAOSHi,-jz<,-^a, /. V. To look over 
again, in order to find or correct. 

Mi-XARAi,-««,-rt/'/rt, t. V. To look on 
and learn, learn by seeing. 

Mi-NARE,-r-«,-/'rt, /. V. To get used to 
seeing, to be accustomed to anything • 
by otten seeing it. 

Mi-N'ARi, n. The dress, clothing, de- 

Mi-NASHi, n. Fancy, whim, freak, cap- 
rice of the sight. 

MiNASHiGO, «. An orphan. 

MiNASOKO, n. The bottom of water, of 
the sea, or river. 

MiNATO, a. Harbor, port, or mart. 

MiNAWA, «. The foani of water. 

Mine, «. A mountain peak, ridge of a 

Mi-NiKUi,-^/,-/^?<,-j,4/, a. Ugly, homely, 
hard or difficult to see. 

MiNO, 71. A rain-coat made of hemp. 

Mi-NOGASHi.-j;/,-^rt, t. V. To see but let 
pass ; to overlook, to take no notice of. 

M.\-'s,oviom.-ru,-tta, i. v. Remaining 
over unseen, overlooked. 

Mi-NOKOSHi, -.$■?<,-/«, /. V. To leave un- 
seen, to overlook. 

MiNOMUSHi, 71. A small kind of worm ; 
a mob or rising of the farmers against 
the government. 

MiNORi,-r«,-/i'rt, /. V. To bear fruit ; to 
head, or ear, as grain. 

MiNORi, n. The bearing of fruit, the 
heading, earing of grain, the crop. 

Mi-NLKi,-/^?^.-/^!, i. V. To see through 
the future and comprehend coming 
events, foresee, to see t'.irough. 

MiNUSA, n. Paper hung up in a Miya. 

Mio, «. A channel in shallow water 
through which a boat or ship may 

Mio-GUi, «. A graduated post planted 
in shallow water to show the height of 
the tide, or mark the channel. 




Mio-jiRUSHi, n. A buoy or post for 

showing the channel. 
Mi-OKUKi,-rz<,-^^<:£, /. z/. To see off, to 
accompany one who is leaving to the 
Mi-OMO, n. Pregnant, with child, high 
in rank or authority. — ni naru, to 
be with child. 

Mi-OTOSHi,-j«,-^«, i. V. To look down 
from a height. 

Mi-osAME, 7t. The last look. 

MiosHi, n. The bow of a ship. 

MI-OTOSHIJ-.s■?<,-/^<z, t. V. To overlook, 
miss seeing ; to reject or cast out of 

Mi-ovoBi,-^?^,-«^rt, t. V. To get to see, 
to attain to the seeing of. 

Mippu, n. A paramour, secret lover. 

Mi-RAi, {kita7-adzu). Not yet come, the 
future, the future state, future tense. 

MiR.\RE,-r;<,-/'«, pass, of iV/z, to be seen. 
Miraremi^ cannot be seen. 

Mi-REN, {hnada neredzu). Not yet in- 
ured, matured, hardened, or trained ; 
undisciplined, inexperienced ; unprac- 
tised, not yet hardened into stoicism, 
indifference, or insensibility ; raw, 
green ; having qualms, or scruples. 

MiRENRASHii,-/^/,-/('«. Tender-hearted, 
not hardened or stoical ; like a green, 
inexperienced person. 

Mi-RiN-SHU, n. A kind of sweet wine. 

MiRU, «. A kind of edible sea-weed. 

MiRUCHA, n. A yellowish-green color. 

MiRUGAi, «. A lirge kind of clam. 

MiSAGO, n, A fish-hawk. 

Mi-SAi, a. Minute, particular. — «/, 
minutely, particularly. 

MiSAKi, n. A cape. 

MiSAO, 71. Chastity, virtue, or fidelity of 
a widow to her deceased husband. 

MiSAO, «. A boat pole. 

MiSE,-r«,-^rt;, t. V. To make or let see, 
to show, exhibit, to expose, to cause to 

MiSE, n. A shop ; a store ; a prostitute 

MiSE-BiRAKi, «. Opening or setting up 
a store or shop. 

MiSE-BiRAKASHi,-j«,-^«, Of mise-jiraka- 
su, t. V. To show, or display anything 
in order to excite desire ; to tantal- 

MiSE-KAKE, n. Doing anything merely 
for appearance or show ; pretending. 
— mono^ a pretender, hypocrite. 

MiSE-KAKE,-r?^,-/<z, t. V. To make to 
lesemble, to imitate, simulate, counter- 
feit, pretend to. 

MiSE-MONO, n. A show, exhibition. 

MiSE-SHiME,-r«,-/a, t. V. To exhibit or 

show to others as an example or warn- 

MiSESHiME, «. Showing as a warning or 

Mi-SHiRi,-r«,-/2'rt, /. V. To know by 

Mi-SHiRizOKi,-/t«,-iVa, /. V. To retire, 
to withdraw, to quit. 

Mi-SHo, n. Raised from the seed, — as a 
tree or plant. 

Mi-SHo, ;/. A smile. 

Mi-SHo. Not yet alive, not yet born. — 
i'Zen, before birth. 

Miso, *. A kind of sauce made of beans. 

Misoji, n. Thirtieth year of age. 

MisoKA, n. The thirtieth day of the 
month, or last day of the month. 

MisoKAO, n. A lover, paramour. 

Mi-soKONAi,-az<,-//rt, i. V. To mistake 
in seeing, to see incorrectly. 

Mi-soME,-r«,-z!rt, /. V. To see for the 
first time. 

Mi-SORA, «. The sky. 

Mi-soRE,-r?^,-^a, t. V. To have an in- 
distinct recollection of having seen a 
person ; to forget having seen a per- 

Misos.'VZAi, «. The wren. 

MisoYAKU, n. A steward, butler. 

Misu, fi. A window or door shade made 
of fine strips of bamboo. 

MisUBORASHii,-,^;',-/&«, a. Poor and 
dirty in appearance, ragged, shabby. 

MisuDZU, n. A small kind of bamboo 
like stiff grass. 

MisuGi, n. Business, employment, oc- 
cupation, living. 

MisuGOSHi,-i-«,-^a, ^. V. To look at in 
passing, to think about the future. 

Mi-suKASHi,-i-z<,-z'iz, t. V. To look 
through, to see through, penetrate, dis- 
cern, to foresee, foreknow. 

Mi-stJMASHi,-jz^,-i'rt, t. V. To mark, to 
notice, to see and make sure of. 

Misu-Misu, adv. While looking at, be- 
fore one's eyes. 

Mi-suTE,-rM,-/«, t. V. To look at and 
let alone ; to see and not mind, turn 
away from, to give over, abandon. 

MiTAi,--l:z,-/&//,-(7, a. Wish to see, desir- 
ous of looking at. 

Mi-TAMA, n. The soul, spirit. 

MiTARASHi, n. A pool or trough where 
worshippers at 2.Miya wash their hands 
before worshipping. 

MiTASHiME,-rz<,-/rt, caust. QiMichi. To 
order or cause another to fill, to cause 
to abound. 

Mi-TATE,-rz/-i'«, t. V. To see one off on 
a journey; to choose, select; decide 
on, to diagnosticate. 




MiTE,-r«,-^a:, /. v. To fill, to occupy the 
whole capacity. 

MiTOCHo, n. A curtain hung before the 
altar in a Bud. temple. 

Mi-TODOKE,-r?<,-z'a, /. V. To ascertain, 
or find out. to detect, discover. 

Mi-TOME,-r u,-ta, t. v. To see and fix in 
the memory, to mark, to take particu- 
lar notice of. 

MiTO-MONAi,-/^z',-/^.v, a. Disagreeable to 
look at, unfit to be seen, ugly, unseem- 
ly, indecent. 

Mi-TORE,-r«,-z'«, /. z>. Enchanted, cap- 
tivated, charmed with. 

Mi-T6sHi,-j«,-^a, t. V. To look through, 
to see through the future, foresee, an- 

MiTsu, «. Three. 

MiTSU, n. Honey. 

MiTsr, a. Secret, hidden, mysterious. 
Mitsu-dan^ secret or private talk. Mi- 
tsu-ji^ a secret. Mitsu-}nitsu, secretly, 

MiTSf-BACHi, n. A honey-bee. 

MiTSU-BAi-KAi, n. Illicit trade, smug- 

MiTSU-BUSA, «. Honey-comb. 

MixsuGAXAWA, n, A tripod, used for 
burning incense. 

Mi-Tsvcj, -£-u,-2da, t. V. To contribute 
money to assist a poor person, to sup- 

MiTSLGi, n. Tribute, tax. 

MiTsuGO, n. Triplets ; also, a child of 
three years old. 

MiTSU-GusoKU, n. The three utensils — 
a flower-stand, candlestick, and incense 
pot which stand on the altar in front of 
a Budd. idol. 

Mi-TSUKE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To detect, to 
discover, to find out, to watch, descry. 

Mi-TSL'KE, «. The gate of a castle where 
• a guard is stationed, a watch. 

MiTSU-KucHi, tt. Harelip. 

Mi-TSUKURAi,-^,-^/rt, t. V. Try and make 
do, or answer the purpose. 

MiTSU-MATA, 71. The Edgeworthia pa- 
pyrifera ; a three pronged fork. 

Mi-TSUME,-r«,-/a, t. V. To fix the eye, 
to stare, gaze. 

MiTSU-.ME-GiRi, n. A triangular-shaped 

MiTsu-Ro, n. Bee's wax. 

MiT-TSu, n. Secret or illicit connection, 

Mi-UCHI, n. Kindred, relations. 

Mi-UGOKi, «. Movement of the body. 

Mi-UKE, «. Buying or redeeming a per- 
son out of servitude. — tegata., a cer- 
tificate of redemption. — kane, re- 
demption money. 

Mi-wake, -rM,-^«, t. v. To discriminate, 
to discern, distinguish between. 

Mi-WASURE,-r «,-/■«, t. V. To forget hav- 
ing seen, or how anything looked. 

Mi-w.\TASHi,-.y«,-/<2;, t. V. To look across, 
look over. 

MiVA, n. A Sintoo temple ; the dwelling 
of the Mikado ; the title of the chil- 
dren of the Mikado. Hiiiie-miya^ a 
princess. Ni no miya^ the second son. 
Miya-sama, a child of the Mikado. 
Icki no — -, the most famous miya of 
each province. 

MiVABi, a. Refined in taste, style, or 
manner ; polite, polished, elegant, class- 
ical, genteel. 

MiVABiYAKA, a. Genteel, refined, polite, 
polished, elegant. 

Mi-YABURi,-r«,-^M, t. V. To see and lay 
open, as something hidden ; to explain, 
reveal, disclose. 

MiYA-DZUKAYE, n. Servants employed 
in the service of the Mikado. 

MiYAGE, n. A present made by one re- 
turning home from a journey, or by one 
coming from another place, generally 
of some rare or curious production of 
that place. 

MiYAKKUVVAN, «. Blood-vessels. 

MiYAKO, n. The imperial city, capital. 

MiYAKO-DORi, n. A sea-gull. 

MiYAKU, n. A blood-vessel, the pulse. 

MiYA-MORi, n. The keeper of a Miya. 

Mi-VARi,-r«,-z'/f«, /. 7>. To let see, per- 
mit to see. 

MiYE,-r«,-^<^, pass, or pot. of Miru. 
Can be seen, to appear, be visible, can 

MiYE, n. Doing anything for show or 
appearance ; display, ostentation, af- 

MiYE-K.AZARi, «. Ostentation, display, 

MiYE-suKi,-- ^«,-?7a. /. v. To be- seen 
through, transparent. 

Mivo, a. Admirable, excellent, remark- 
able, wonderful. 

Mi-Yo, n. Mode or way of looking for 
anything, way of looking at or consider- 
ing anything. 

MiYOBAN, 71. Alum. 

MiYo-BAN, «. To-morrow evening. 

MiYo-BATSU, n. Divine retribution, or 

MiYo-CHo, n. To morrow morning. 

MiYo-DAi, n. A substitute, representa- 
tive, deputy, proxy. 

MiYOGA, n. The Zingiber mioga. 

MiYo-GA. n. The providence or benefac- 
tions of heaven, grace ; the benefactions 
of superiors ; gratitude. Inochi-miyo' 



ga no hito, one whose life is saved from 
great danger. — shira?tu^ ungrate- 

Miv6-g6, n. Name ; title, appellation. 

MiYo-GO-NiCHi, adv. The day after to- 

MiYo-ji, w. The surname. 

Miy6-j6, n. The planet Venus. 

MiYo-jo, n. Providential aid. 

MiYo-KUWAN, n. Officers who have the 
management of Hades. 

Miy6-miy6-go-nichi, adv. Two days af- 
ter to-morrow. 

MiYo-MOKU, n. Name, title, designa- 

MiYo-MON, n. Fame, reputation ; name, 
show, appearance. ^ 

MiYo-NEN, n. Next year. 

MiYo-NiCHi, adv. To-morrow. 

MiYORi, n. Relations. 

MiYo-Ri, {na to ri.) n. Reputation and 
gain, fame and avarice. 

MiYo-Ri, n. The hidden or secret prin- 
ciple, providence, retribution ; favors, j 
or gratitude. — luo shiranai, ungrate- 

MiYo-SEKi, n. To-morrow evening. 

Mivo-SEKi, n. The name and estate of a 

MiYo-TAN, n. To-morrow morning, 

Mi-YUKi, n. A deep snow. 

MiYUKi, n. Travelling, going, — only of 
the Mikado. 

Mi-ZA.ME, n. Losing one's ardor, or in- 
terest in anything by seeing it, to be- 
come stale, to lose its novelty or power 
to please. 

Mi-ZEN', {imada shikaradzu,) n. The 
future, that which has not yet come to 

Mizo, n. A ditch, drain, furrow, groove. 

MizoRE, M. Sleet. 

Mi-z6-u, {imada katsute arndzu). Nev- 
er was so before. 

Mo, n. A kind of skirt, or loose trous- 

Mo, n. A weight, = the tenth part of a 
r/«, a hair in weight. 

Mo, n. The period of mourning. Mo 
chiii^ during the time of mourning. 
Mo-fukii^ mourning clothes. 

Mo, adv. or conj. Also, too, more, yet, 
even, any, soever. 

Mo. An exclamation of doubt, perplex- 
ity, anxiety. 

Mo. An exclamation of relief of mind, 
or satisfaction at something done or 

MocHi, n. A kind of bread made of 
glutinous rice by beating it in a mor- 

MocHi, n. Bird-lime. 

MocHi, n. The fifteenth day of the 
month. — dzuki, the full-moon. 

MoCH\,-tsu,-tia., t. V. To hold in the 
hand, to carry ; to have, own, possess ; 
to last, endure. 

MoCHi, n. The property of lasting, dur- 

MocHi-AGE,-r?<,-/a, t. v. To hold up, to 
lift up ; to praise, to commend. 

'M.ocni-AGVui,-7nu,-nda, t. v. To be 
be tired of having or owing anything. 

MocHi-ASOBi, n. A toy, play-thing. 

MocHi-ATSUKAi,-^,-/z'rt, t. V. To be em- 
barrassed or encumbered by something 
which one owns or carries. 

MocHi-AWASE,-ra,-z'rt, /. v. To happen 
to have, to have on hand, to carry with 

MocHi-BA, n. The place one's duty re- 
quires him to keep or hold, station, 

MocHi-GOME, n. A glutinous kind of 
rice, of which rice bread is made. 

MocHi-HAKOBi,-^/^,-«a'a, /. V. To con- 
vey, transport, to carry. 

MocHii,-z< or -ru,-ta, t. v. To use, em- 
ploy ; to follow, obey. 

MoCHi-KiTARi, «. Anything which one 
has inherited ; an heirloom. 

MocHi-KiTARi,-rM,-/^«, t. V. To Carry 
and come, to bring. 

MocHi-Ko.SHi,-jz<,-2'rt, /. V. To last over, 
to keep over, as from one year to an- 
ther ; to carry over. 

MOCHI-KOTAYE,-;'?^,-/^, i. V. To last, 
endure, hold out. 

MocHi-KUCHi, n. A place one is to super- 
intend, keep, or defend ; a post, sta- 

MocHi-KUDZUSHi,-j?^,-^a, t. V. To run 
through with one's property or posses- 

MoCHI-KUSARASHI,-J?/,-i'a, t. V. To let 
rot or decay by long keeping, to let go 
to ruin for want of use. 

MocHi-MAYE, 71. Proper, peculiar, ap7 
propriate ; natural or inherent quality, 

MocHi-MONO, n. Property, possession. 

MocHi-RON, adv. Without dispute, in- 
disputable, unquestionable, self-evi- 
dent, of course ; not to mention, or 
speak of; indeed, but. 

MocHi-TSUTAYE,-r?^j-/'«, t. V. To inherit, 
receive by inheritance, to be here- 

MouASHi,-j?<,-^rt, i. V. To refrain from 
speaking, to keep silent, to resist. Mo- 
dashi-gatakuy hard to remain silent, or 




MoDAYE,-r«,-/<j, i. V. To feel pain or 
sorrow, to suffer, to writhe in pain or 
anguish, to be in an agony. 

M6DE,-r« or -dzuru, i. v. To go to a 
temple for worship. 

MoDOicASHi,-/^/,-^^*, a. Uneasy because 
of anything being slow, tedious or tire- 
some ; Itching to do what one sees an- 
other doing slowly or badly. 

MoDOKi,-/^«, t. V. To undo, reverse 
what has been done ; to dislike, or have 
an aversion to. 

MoDORi,-r«,-^^a, i. v. To return, go 

MoDORi, n. The barb of a hook. 

MoDOSHi,-i^«,-^a, t. V. To return, re- 
store, give or send back, to regurgitate, 

MoDZU, n. The shrike, or butcher bird. 

MoDZUKU, «. A kind of sea-weed. 

Mo-fO, (tsiiyoi kaze). A violent wind. 

MoGAKi,-/&«,-zVrt, t. y. To writhe, or 
contort the body in pain, or eflfort ; to 
struggle, strive. 

MoGARi, n. Strips of bamboo used by 
dyers for stretching cloth while drj'- 

MoGARi, n. A knave, sharper, sw4ndler, 

M0G.A.SA, n. Small-px. 

MoGi,-^«,-zVa ^. v. To pluck oflf, pull 
off, pick off. 

MoGiDo, a. Cruel, inhuman. 

MoGiRi,-r«,-/Aj, L V. To break or pluck 
off, as a leaf, fruit, etc. 

Mo-GO, n. Immoral, wild^ incoherent 
language ; a falsehood. 

MoGUSA, n. The leaves of a species of 
Artimesia used as a moxa. 

MoHAVA, adv. Soon, in a little while, 
presently, already, with a pret. verb ; 
with a neg. = no longer, no more. 

Moji, n. A character, word, a letter. 

Moji, n. A kind of thin, light stuff, cot- 
ton gauze. 

MojiDzuRi, 71. The orchid. 

Moji-MOji, adv. Moving or twisting the 
body, or working the hands or feet in 
a bashful, uneasy or impatient man- 

Mo-jiN, n. A blind man. 

MojiRi,-rM,-«a, t. V. To twist, to knit 
in loops. 

MojiRi, «. An iron instrument kept at 
police-stations to seize offenders with. 

M6KE,-r/<,-M, t. V. To gain, earn, to 
acquire, to get, beget, to prepare, to 
make, to concoct, devise, organize, 
form, frame. 

MoKKE-N'o-SAiwAi, «. Unexpected good 
fortune ; what at first seems to be a 

misfortune, but which turns out to ba 
MoKKiN, n. A kind of musical instru- 

MoKKiVAKU, n. Confiscation of an estate. 
— suru., to confiscate. 

MoKKO, n. A basket made of a net- 
work of rope, for carrying earth, 

MoKKo, ti. Putchuck. 

MoKKO-FUNDOSHi, n. A breach cloth 
which is fastened to a string around the 

MoKo, n. Corrosive sublimate. 

Mo-KO, n. Mongolia. 

MoKU, (,kt,) n. A tree, wood, wooden. 
Mokzi-bay a wooden horse. Moku-bii- 
tsti., a wooden image of Buddha. Mo- 
ku-giyo^ a wooden fish which priests 
strike in praying, Mokti-jiki., eating 
the fruit of trees only, as certain 
Buddhist priests. Mokii-me., the veins, 
or grain of wood. Moku-zo., a wooden 

MoKU. Silent. — suru., to be silent. 
Moku-moku, silently. Moktt-nen, sil- 
ent. Mokti-rei., silent salutation. Mo- 
ku-san, mental arithmetic, silent cal- 
culation. Moku-za., sitting in si- 

MoKU-DAi, «. A commissioner, a repre- 

MoKUDZU, «. Rubbish floating in wa- 

MoKUGE, n. The Althea. 

MoKURAN'ji, n. Name of a fruit. 

MoKU-REN, «. The purple magnolia. 
Purgeria obovata. 

MoKUROKU, n. An index, list, table of 
contents, bill, catalogue. 

MoKUROMi,-7«7/',-«a?a, I. V. To plan, to 
consider or turn over in the mind, to 
speculate, to devise, scheme. 

MoKUROMi, n. Plan, device, stratagem, 

MoKU-SEi, n. The Osmanthus fragrans. 

MoKU-SEi, n. The planet Jupiter. 

MoKU-TEKi, {}ne-ate). A dependence, 
reliance, trust ; any thing given as se- 
curity or mortgage. 

MoKU-voKu, «. Bathing in hot or cold 
water. — siiru. 

MoKU-ZEN, (tne no ntaye). Before one's 
eyes, in one's presence. 

Mo-MAKU, n. The omentum. 

MoMASE,-r7^,-^a, caust. of Moinu. To 
cause or let rub, to let another sham- 

Mo.M-BAN, «. A porter, gate-keeper. 

MoME,-r«,-^rt, i. V. To be rumpled, to 
be mixed or crumpled ; jumbled to- 
gether, to quarrel. 



MoME, 71. Contention, quarreling, dis- 

MoMEN, n. Cotton cloth. 

MoMI,-;;/?^-«rtra, t. V. To rub and roll 
between the hands, to shampoo, knead; 
to struggle, or make violent efforts, as 
in a contest. Ki wo — , to fret or trou- 
ble one's self about anything. Moma- 
reru., pass, to be rubbed, or shampooed. 
Motni-au, to contend or struggle to- 
gether, as wrestlers. ISIomi-dasu^ to 
rub and press out, to wring out, to get 
by hard labor or diligence. Momi- 
hogusti^ to loosen the texture, to bray 
or soften anything by rubbing in the 
hands. Momi-kesu, to rub out. extin- 
guish by rubbing, or kneading. Mojui- 
komu., to rub or work in, as a color ; to 
scatter by rubbing as a tumor. Moitii- 
kzidaku.^ to break by lubbing in the 
hands, to crumble. iMorni-otosu., to 
rub off between the hands, as dry mud 
from a garment. J\foIni-ya^uaragc,-ru, 
to soften by rubbing or working in the 

Mdmi, «. A kind of red silk. 

MoMi, n. The outside hull or bran of 
rice. — mai, unhuUed rice. 

MoMi-DANE, n. Seed rice. 

MoMi-GARA, n. Rice-hulls, rice-bran. 

Ml iMi-GURA, n. A rice granary, or store- 
house for UTihulled rice. 

MoMiji, n. The red leaves of autumn, 
the maple tree. — sum, to turn red, 
as leaves in autumn. 

Mf)Mi-S'JRi-usu, n. A mortar or mill for 
hulling rice, a hulling mill. 

MoMME, n. A measure of weight, = 
58.33 grains troy, also the sixtieth part 
of a riyd. 

MoMMo, n. Unlearned, unable to read, 
ignorant, uneducated. 

MoMO, 71. _ Peach. — no ki, peach- 

MoMO, «. The thigh. 

Mo.MO-DACHi, «. Hitching or girding up 
the hakatna by tucking the skirts un- 
der the belt. 

MoMO-HiKi, 71. Trowsers, pantaloons, 

MoMO-iRO, 71. Peach-color. 

Mo-MOKU, 71. Destitute of sight, blind. 

MoMONE, 71. The groin. 

Mo.MONji, 71. Flesh or meat kept for sale. 
— ya., a meat shop, butcher. 

MoMON'jii, 71. A spook, ghost, hobgob- 

MoMPA, 71. Cotton flannel. 

MoM-PUKU, 71. Clothes which have the 
family crest or coat of arms on them. 

MoNj 71. A gate, outside entrance to a 

house or inclosure ; sect, school. Mon- 
gtiwai., outside the gate. 

MoN, 71. Badge, coat of arms, crest. 

MoNAKA, 71. The middle, midst of; a 
kind of cake. 

MoN-CHAKU, «. Quarrel, dispute, con- 

MoN-CHo, 71. A book in which the dif- 
ferent coat of arms and crests are regis- 

MoN-Do, (toi kotaye^ «. Question and 
answer, catechism. — su7-u, to ques- 
tion and answer, discuss, catechise. 

MoN-DOKORO, n. Badge, coat of arms, 
insignia, crest. 

MoNDORi, 71. A basket for catching fish, 
a trap also for catching small animals. 

MoNDORi-ucHi,-^.r«,-^^«, i. V. To turn 
heels over head, to turp a somersault. 

MoN-GAMACHi, «. The lintel and sill of 
a door. 

MoN-ji, 71. Character, letter, word. 

MoN-jiN, «. A disciple, pupil, follower. 

MoN-jiN. — i-«r«, to question, to inter- 

MoN-KU, «. The sentences of a compo- 

MoNo, 7t. Thing, article, matter ; per- 
son, individual. — wo iu, to speak. 
— 7to kadzu to 7/to sedzu., to make light 
of; consider of no account. 

Mono-d6i,-/&z,-/&«, a. Distant, seldom 
seen, seldom visiting, stranger. 

MoNO-DOMO. Plural of Mono., things, 

fond of meddling in matters that don't 
concern him. — 7io hito. 

Moxo-GAMASHn,-i'z',-/^«, a. Making 
much of a little, exaggerating. Moiio- 
ga/)iashiku in, to exaggerate. 

MoNO-GANASHii,-/&/,-/(-«, a. Given to 
sadness, gloomy, or melancholy. 

MoNO-GATAi,-/^-/,-/fr«, a. Strict, tempe- 
rate, exact in conduct, precise, care- 

MoNO-GATARi,-rz(:,-zfa;, t. V. To relate, 
narrate, tell. 

MoNO-GATARi, n. History, story, narra- 

MoNO-GONOMi, n. Particular in taste, 
and fond of good eating, fine clothes, or 
rare things. 

MoNO-GOSHi, n. Deportment, behav- 

MoNO-GOSHi-Ni, adv. Through or over 
something intervening ; as, — kiku, to 
listen through a partition. — 7itirii., 
to peep across a fence. 

MoNO-GURUi, n. Madness, lunacy, fren- 


MoNO-GURUWASHi,-/&z,->^M, a. Like a 
crazy or mad person, frenzied, frantic. 

MoN'0-GUSAi,-;^i,-;^«, a. Lazy, indolent, 

MoNO-ii, n. Language, style or way of 
speaking ; talking, address : a dispute. 

MoNO-iMi, n. Abstinence from certain 
articles of food for a certain time. 

MoNO-iRi, n. Expense, outlay. 

MoNO-ivvAi, n. Felicitation, a celebra- 
tion of some happy event. — wo suru^ 
to make a celebration. 

MoNO-KAKi, n. Secretary, clerk, wri- 

MoNO-KUi, n. Eating, feeding. 

MoNO-MANABi, «. Learning, gaining in- 

Mono-mane, n. Gesture, gesticulation. 

MoNO-MAVE, «, The few days before 
the end of the month or quarter, when 
debts and accounts are to be settled. 

Mono-mi, n. Sight seeing ; a look-out 

Monomi, n. A spy, one who reconnoi- 

MoNO-MoDEj n. Visiting a temple for 
worship, pilgrimage. 

MoNo-MONoSHii,-,^/,-/&«, a. Affecting 
undue importance ; making much of 
one's self. 

MoNO-MORAi, n. A beggar ; a sty on the 

MoNO-NARi, «. The income or revenue 
derived from the products of the soil. 

MoNO-NETAMi, «. Jealousy. 

MoNONOFU, n. A soldier. 

MoNON'OGU, n. Military arms, and ar- 

MoNO-NOKE, n. The evil influence or 
curse of one dead. 

MoNO-Nui, n. A seamstress. 

MoNO-OBOVE, n. The memory. 

MoNO-OKi, n. A pantry, store-room. 

MoNO-OMOi, n. Thinking, reflecting, 
cogitating, brooding. 

Moxo-osHiMi, n. Stingy, grudging, pe- 
nurious, abstemious. 

MoNO-SABiSHn,-/^/,-/^?<. Lonely, solitary, 
pensive, forlorn. 

MoNO-SASHi, n. Any instrument for 
measuring length, a foot measure. 

MoNO-SA\VAGASHii,-^z',-i^«, a. Given to 
making a disturbance, commotion, or 

MoNO-SHiDZirKA, a. Quiet, still, free 

from noise, or bustle. 
MoNO-SHiRi, «. A philosopher, a learned 

man. -' 

MoNo-svGOi,-kt,-ku^-s/i2\ a. Feeling 

timid, full of fear, dread, or alarm ; 




MoNO-susAMAjii,-/^z,-,^«, M. Feeling tim- 
id, easily frightened, feeling dread or 

MoNO-TACHi, n. Binding one's self by 

an oath to abstain from certain kinds 

of food, or certain things to which one 

is addicted, 
MoNo-TACHi, «. A knife used in cutting 

MoNO-TOGAME, «. Givcn to scolding or 

M.o^o-vi-ki,-ku,-s/tz, a. hzzy, indolent, 

MoNO-WARAi, «, Something to laugh at, 

a laughing-stock. 
MoNO-WASURE, n. Forgetful. 
MoN-§Ai, «. Literary ability, literary 

MoN-SHA, «. A kind of silk gauze. 
MoN-TEi, n. A disciple, pupil, follower. 
Mo>iUKE,-ru,-ia, t. V. To be superior to 

all others, to be preeminent ; to slip out 

of, escape from. 
MoNUKE, n. The cast-oflfskin of a snake 

or insect. 
MoN-ZETSU, n. Extreme anguish or sor- 

MopPARA, adv. The chief or most im- 
portant thing, paramount ; mainly, for 
the most part, mostly, chiefly, princi- 

MoRAi,-«?/,-^^a, t. V. To receive, to ac- 
cept, to get, to take. 

MoRAi, n. A request. 

MoRAi-GUi, «. Begging for something to 

MoRAi-NAKi, n. Affected to tears by 
seeing others cry. 

■SIoRASHi,-5^z/ ,-/rt, caust. of Mori. To 
cause or let leak, to let escape, omit, or 
over-look, to make known, divulge. 

MoRAWARE,-7-«,-^rt, pass, of Morai. To 
be received, accepted ; to be received 
in marriage. 

MoRE,-rM,-zfa, /. V. To leak, to leak out, 
escape ; to be left out, omitted or over- 

Mori, n. A grove, or clump of trees, a 
copse, wood. 

Mori, n. A harpoon. 

Mori, n. A guard, watch, keeper, guar- 
dian, a nurse. 

Mori, -r« ,-//«, /. v. To leak. 

MoRi,-r«,-^2'rt, A ?'. To fill up. to put 
into a cup, or plate, to pour into ; to 
draw the lines on a chequer board. 

Mori, n. A leak. 

MoRi-AGE,-r«,-M, i. V. To fill up, pile 
up, heap up ; to emboss. 

Mori-age, n. A heap, pile, raised o\ 
embossed work. 




MoRi-KOROSHr,--f?/,-^a, t. 

poison, to poison. 
Mori-mono, «. Food offered to idols. 
MoRi-S0DATE,-r«,-^«, t. V. To nurse 

and bring up, as a child ; to act as 

MoRi-TATE,-r?<,-ra, t. zr. To bring or 
rear up a child, as a nurse or guardian. 

M0RI-V.A.KI", «. An officer who has the 
charge of the child of a noble, an at- 

MoRo, adv. Obscure, dim. — to miyeru, 
to anpear obscure. 

MoRd; adv. Even, level, uniforrh ; to- 
gether ; both. — ni motsUy to carry 
anything level or evenly. — taore, 
falling both together. — chikara., ex- 
erting in unison. — kata, both should- 
ers. Moro-te.^ both hands. Moro- 
ashi., both feet or both legs. Moro- 
bito^ all men. Moro-ha, two-edged. 
Morohada-ftugi, both shoulders bare. 
Moro-hiza^ both knees. 

MoROi,-' ir/,-/&«,-j/?z, a. Brittle, friable, 
fragile, frail, weak. 

MoROKE,-r«,-^a, i. V. To crumble, to 
be brittle. 

MoROKO, n. A kind of small river fish. 

MoROKOSHi, «. China ; broom-corn. 

MoROKU. Old and foolish, decrepit, child- 
ish with age. 

MoROMi, n. The grounds left in making 
soy, used as an article of food. 

MoROMi-ZAKE, «. A kind of sake, in 
which the rice-grounds are not separ- 
ated from the liquid. 

MoRO-MORO, a. All, every. 

MoROSA, n. Brittleness. 

MoROTOMO-Ni, adv. All together, to- 
gether with. 

MosAHiKi, n. Acting as a guide, a guide. 

Mo-SEN, n. A woolen rug, drugget. 

Mo-SETSU, n. An absurd saying, false- 
hood, fiction, fable. 

MosHi, adv. If peradventuie, supposing 
that, in case that, it may be, whether. 

MosHi. Exclam. used in addressing or 
calling another. 

MoSHi, n. Mencius. 

M6sHi,-y«,-ifa, /. V. To speak, say, tell, 
call ; the substantive verb, to be, to do. 

MoSHi-GO, n. A child bom in answer 
to prayer. 

MosHiKUBA, adv. If. supposing that, if 
perchance, in case that. 

MoSHi-.M.\TA, adv. If, supposing that. 

MosHi-VA, adv. If, lest, for fear that, 
perchance, peradventure. 

MossHi-. — S7tru, to confiscate, seize 
and take forfeited goods or property, to 

To kill by Mosso, n. The day's rations of a com- 
mon soldier in cooked rice, = about a 
quart of unbooked rice. 

MoSLSo, n. The skirt of a robe. 

Mosi'TO, adv. A little more. — o agari., 
give me a little more. 

MoTAGE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To lift up, raise 

MoTARASHi,-j;<,-i'a, t. V. To take or 
carrj' in the hand. 

MoTARE,-r/^,-/a, i. v. To lean on, rest 

MoT.\SE,-r?^,-2'rt, t. V. To lean or rest 
anything against. Tsuye wo kabe ni 
jtiotaseru, to rest a cane against the 

MoTASE,-r?/,-^rt, caust. of Motsu. To 
make or let another carry, to cause to 
have or own, to make to last or endure. 

MoTE-A.MASHi,-i-M,-/a, i. V. To be more 
than one is able to carry ; to be beyond 
one's ability ; to be tired of keeping 

MoTE-.A.soBi,-(^?/,-«^d:, /. V. To amuse 
one's self with, to sport, toy or play 

MoTE-ASOBi, n. Anything used for di- 
version, a toy. 

MoTE-ATSUKAi,-/r?<,-/'/a, t. V. To use, 
to manage, to deal in ; to be embar- 
rassed or encumbered with something 
which one owns. 

MoTE-H.\VASHi,-i-z^,-/a, f. V. To pub- 
lish, celebrate, praise, give currency to. 

MoTE-N.\SHi,-j«,-/a, t. V. To treat, to 
entertain kindly or with civility, to re- 
ceive as a host. 

MoTO, n. The origin, beginning, the 
first, source, fountain-head, cause ; 
originally, formerly ; house, home ; 
you, in addressing another. — yo^^i 
from the first, heretofore. Sono-moio, 
you. Oii-moto., you. (9« yado-tnoto., 
your house. 

MoTO-D.^TE, «. Beginning, origin, root, 

MoTODE, n. Capital in trade, principal. 

MoTODORi, n. The cue or tuft of of hair, 
as is worn by the Japanese. 

MoTO-DzuKi,--^?<r,-?Vrt, i. V. To make as 
a basis or foundation, to found. 

MoTOi, 71. Foundation, basis, beginning, 
origin, cause. 

MoTo-jiME, 71. A manager, director, 
controller, steward. — ivo sum. 

M0T0-K.A.TA, 71. The first party, original 
owner ; first seller, or holder. 

MoTO-ME.-rz^,-/;!, /. V. To search for, 
to seek, to ask for, inquire after, to get, 
obtain, acquire, to buy. 

MoTO-NE, 71. First or original cost. 

MOT 176 

MoTORAKASHi,-j?<,-/rt, caust. of motorji. 
To twist, wrench. 

MoTORi,-r«,-^^a, I. V. To oppose, to 
act contrary to, conflict with, to act 
with contumacy or insubordination, to 
rebel against, resist. 

MoTO-YUi, n. The cord with which the 
cue is tied. 

MoTSU {mono) n. Thing. Ban moisu^ 
all things. 

MoTSURE,-^^,-/^, /. V. To be entangled ; 
to be confused, intricate, involved, em- 

MoTSUVAKU, n. Myrrh. 

MoTTAi, n. Affectation of importance 
or state above one's station ; airs, 
haughtiness. — ivo tsukeru^ to put on 

MoTX.\\^\\^-ki^-ku^-shi. Profane, irrev- 
erent, impious, sacrilegious, ungrateful. 

MoTTE, prep. With, by, by means of; 
because of; used also to intensify the 
word to which it is added. 

MoTTE-Ki,-,4r«rM,-,^//a, t. v. To bring. 

MoTTE-NO-HOKA, a. Unusual, extraor- 
dmarj', beyond what was previously 
supposed or imagined. 

MoTTOMO, adv. Reasonable, just, right, 
proper ; used as a superlative, = most, 
in the highest degree. 

MovA, «. The space under the roof oc- 
cupied by the roof timbers, a loft. 

MovA, n. Fog. 

MoY A\,-au,-ita, t. v. To lash boats, or 
ships together ; to be associated as 
partners. Moyai-bune, boats lashed 
together. Moyai-Jiaiva., a rope for 
lashing boats together. 

MovAi-Ni, adv. Together, in common, 
in partnership. 

M0V.A.-MOVA, adv. Melancholy, gloomy, 
and troubled. 

MovASHi, 71. Malt. 

MoYASHi,-j«,-2'rt, t. V. To burn. 

MoYASHi,-j«,-/'rt, caust. of Moye. To 
cause to sprout or germinate, to malt. 

MovE,-r«,-/fl, i. V. To burn. Moye- 
agarti., to burn up in a flame, to blaze 
up. Mjye tatsu^ to blaze up, to burn 
up. Moye tsuku., to take, or catch fire, 

MovE,-r«,-/a!, i. V. To sprout, germin- 

MovEGi, n. A light green color. 

MovE-KUi, n. A fire-brand, a charred 

MovE-KUDZU, «. Embers, cinders. 

MoYE-KUSA, n. Combustible matter, any- 
thing to burn. 

MoYE-s.ASHi. u. A firebrand. 

MoYo, n. The figures dyed, embroidered. 


' or woven in cloth ; condition, state, 
I circumstances. 

MoYORi, «. Vicinity, neighborhood. 

MoY6SHi,-jK,-/a, /. V. To make, pre- 
, pare, form, organize, make ready ; to 
' stir up, excite. 

MoYosHi, w. Making ready, preparation, 

Mo-zo, n. Wicked, impure, or disorderly 
thoughts ; lascivious desires. — tvo 
mz'ru, to have nocturnal emissions. 

Mu. Contraction of Alttsiu, six. 

Mu {nashi). = no, have not, without, 
used as a negative prefix. — ni naru., 
to be in vain. 

MuBE-KADZURA, «. The clematis, Staun- 
tonia hexaphylla. 

Ml-biy6 {yaviai-nasht). Not sick, well, 

MucHA-KUCHA, a. Mixed, confu:^ed, 
jumbled together, topsy-turvy. 

Ml CHI, n. A whip. — wo uisu, to 
whip- — no Ai?no, the cord on the 

Muchi-dzuwaye, «. A switch, rod. 

Mu-CHiu {yu7ue no uchi). In a dream, 
absent-minded, dreamy, visionary ; fas- 
cinated, or absorbed in anything. 

McCHi-uCHi,-^j?<,-/^a, t. V. To whip, to 
flog, to lash. 

MuD.\, a. Useless, vain, without advan- 
tage or profit. Muda w/, uselessly, 
vainly, unprofitably. Muda-dzuiye, 
waste, useless expense. Muda-dzu kat^ 
useless expenditure. Muda-giiiy an 
unprofitable consumer, a drone. Mu- 
da bito^ one who does not work. 

Mtdzu-gaii, a. Itching, tickling, tingling. 

MuDZUKARi,-r?^-/?rt, i. V. To be hard to 
please, impatient, peevish, cross. 

MLDSUKASHii.-/(-z,-/t'7/,-j/?/, a. Difficult, 
hard to be done ; troublesome. 

Mi'DZLKASHiSA, n. The state or degree 
of difficulty. 

MuDZU-Mi Dzu, adv. In an idle, lazy man- 
ner, without object ; tickling, itching. 

MUDZU-TO, adv. Mtidzu-to kuttiit, to 
seize each other suddenly and violently, 
as wrestlers. 

Mu-FUMBETSU, «. Without judgment or 
discrimination, unintelligent. 

Mt-GA {watakus/ii nashi). Unselfish, 

Mu-GAKU, n. Ignorant, unlearned, illit- 

Mu-GEi, n. Without polite accomplish- 
ments, ignorant, unlearned. 

Mu-GE-Ni {kore yori shiino nashi), adv. 
Nothing lower, ver>' lowest, most vul 
gar ; in a heedless, careless manner. 

MuGi, n. Barley, wheat. Omugi., bar- 



ley. Ko-7nugi^ wheat. Mugi-aki^ the 
fourth month, or wheat harvest. Mugi- 
batake^ a wheatfield. Mugi-meski^ 
food made of boiled barley. Mugi- 
wara^ wheat straw. Mugi-ivari- 
7neshi^ food made of cracked barley 
mixed with rice and boiled. 

Mu-Giv6, {katachi jiacki). Without form 
or shape, incorporeal. 

1Avooi,-ki^-ku^s/zi^ a. Unmerciful, with- 
out compassion or pity, barbarous, 

Mu-GON, {kotoba nashi). Silent, having 
nothing to saj'. 

Mucosa, n. Cruelty, barbarity. 

MuGOTARASHii,-/^/,-2Z, a. Barbarous, 

MuGLRA, n. The hop, the Humulus lu- 

MuGURAMOCHi, «. A molc. 

MuGURi,-»'M,-^/a, /. V. To dive under, 
to stoop and pass under, to evade and 
do by stealth. 

MuGURi, n. Diving under the water; 
the name of a small wild duck, a diver. 

Mu-HEN, (kagiri nashi). Illimitable, in- 
finite, boundless. 

Mu-hi-d6, a. Cruel, savage, brutal, des- 
titute of humanity, barbarian. 

Mu-HITSU, n. Unable to write. 

Mu-h6, {nari nas'ii). Not conforming 
to rule, lawless, improper, rude. 

Mu-HON, (^hakatte soiJtukti). Rebellion, 
sedition, treason, conspiracy. 

Mu-i, {kurai nashi). Without rank, un- 

Mui-KA, n. The sixth day of the month ; 
six days. 

Mu-IN, «. Unstamped, unsealed. 

Mu-ji, n. Plain, unfigured, as cloth. 

Mu-jiHi, {awareini-nashi). Without 
pity, compassion, or love. 

Mu-jiN, {tsukiru koto nashi). Inex- 
haustible ; a kind of lottery'. 

MujiNA, «. An animal something like a 

Mu-jin-t6, n. An argand lamp. 

Mu-jiTsu, {jnakoto nashi). Untrue, false, 
not real. — no tsumi)., innocent, not 

Mu-jo, itsune nashi). Inconstant, muta- 
ble, changing, not lasting ; evanescent, 
fleeting, passing awaj' ; death. 

Mu-j6, \uye nashi). Nothing higher, 
highest, most excellent, supreme. 

MuKA-BA, n. The front, or incisor teeth. 

MuKABAKi, n. A leather shield worn on 
the front of the thigh in hunting. 

MuKA-BARA-TATSU, i. V. To flash up in 
sudden anger. 

MuKADE, «. A centipede. 


177 MUK 

MuiCADZUKi,-y^w,-zVa, /. 7/. To loathe, to 

feel nausea, to be sick at the stomach. 
AIuKAGO, n. The fruit of the Yama- 

MuKAi,-a«, or o^ritc-, i- ""• To stand 
with the face towards, to face, to front, 
to be opposite anything ; to go to 
meet ; to confront, to oppose, to be 
near to in time. 

MuKAi, 7i.~ Meeting, calling, inviting ; a 
messenger sent to bring or meet a per- 

MuKAi-BARA, n. The pains preceding 

MuKAi-BUNE, n. A boat or ship sent to 
meet or bring a person. 

MuiCAi-iRE,-r?/,-/a, /. v. To go to meet 
and bring in, as an honored guest. 

MuKAi-KE, n. Nausea, sickness of stom- 

MuKA-MUKA, adv. Sick at the stomach, 
to feel nausea, to loathe. 

Muic\SHi, 71. Ancient times, former 
ages, antiquity, a period of ten years ; 
ancient, old. Mukashi-gatari., a. story 
of ancient times, talking about old 
times. Mukashi-katagi., old-fashioned, 
simple, honest. 

MuKAWARi, n. The first anniversary of 
a death. 

MuK'AV'E,-rZ<,-^«, t. V. To go out to 
meet or welcome, to receive or bring in, 
as a visitor ; to call, to invite to one's 
house ; to await or wait for ; to corres- 
pond to, agree, suit. 

MuKE,-rw,-/'a,^. V. To turn anything 
towards, to direct towards, to cause to 
front or point towards, to send. 

MuKE,-ra,-/a, i. v. To peel off, to lose 
the skin, bark, or rind. 

MuKE-KAVE,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To face any- 
thing about, turn anything in a difi"er- 
ent direction. 

MuKE-NAOSHi,-j?^,-j'rt, t. V. To alter the 
direction or frontage of anything. 

MuKi,->^?<,-zVa, t. V. To skin, to peel, to 
strip ofi" the bark. 

MuKi,-/^?^,-//^, /. V. To turn the face 
towards, to front, to incline towards. 
In mercantile language, to be in re- 
quest, or demand. 

MuKi, 71. The direction, frontage, as- 
pect, exposure; request, demand; mode, 
manner ; person, individual. Muki- 
w?//^/, every direction, eaci and every 
person ; each and every kind. 

MuKi-Ai,-<x«,-//a, i. V. To be opposite 

each other. 
MuKi-DASHi,-^^,-/^, t. V. To peel off the 
skin and take out, to make bare. Me" 
wo — , to stare. 


■ MuKi-DASHi-Ni, adv. Without conceal- 
ment, in a straight-forward, open man- 
ner ; above-board. 

MuKi-KUCHi, n. Demand, request. 

Mu-Kiu, {kiivamari nashi). Endless, 
inexhaustible, eternal. 

MuKO, n. Son-in-law. 

MuKoBA, n. The front teeth. 

MuKo-DoSHi, n. Opposite house, oppo- 
site neighbours. 

MuKoDZUNE, n. The shin. 

Muk6-dzur.\, n. An adversary, ene- 

MuKo-GASHi, n. Opposite bank of a river. 

MuKo-KAZE, n. Head wind, adverse 

MuKo-MiDZU. Regardless of what is be- 
fore, rash, reckless, incautious, fool- 

Mu-KU, n. Pure, unalloyed. Muku~ye, 
pure white clothes. 

MuKU, n. A kind of tree, the leaves of 
which are used by carpenters for polish- 
ing wood. Celtis muku. 

Mu-KUCHI, n. Silent, taciturn. 

MuKU-GE, w. The soft down beneath 
the long hair of animals. 

MuKUGE, n. The Hibiscus Syriacus. 

'^-ia. To requite, recom- 
pense, compensate, to repay, to retali- 
ate, take vengeance on. 

MuKUi, n. Recompense, requital, retri- 
bution, compensation. 

MuKU-iNU, n. A shaggy dog. 

MuKUMEKi,-/^«, t. V. To crawl as a worm, 
to move up and down like the crawling 
of a caterpillar. 

MuKUMi,-/«z<,-^/<^a, i. V. To be bloated, 
swollen, puffed up, to be dropsical. 

MuKU-MUKU, adv. Moving like the 
crawling of worms. 

MuKURE,-rM,-/a, i. V. Peeled, skinned, 
flayed, bare. 

MuKURi,-r?<,-i'i'a, t. V. To strip off, take 
off a covering. 

MuKUTSUKE,-/^y,->^7<,-vS-/zz, a. Hairy and 
coarse, low, vulgar and dirty. 

Mu-.MEi, {na nashi). Nameless, with- 
out the maker's name incribed on it ; 
without cause or reason. 

Mu-Mi, {ajiivai nashi). Without taste, 
tasteless, insipid, dull, flat, wanting in 
pleasing qualities. 

Mu-MON, n. Without crest or c^at of 

MuNA-ATE, n. A breast-plate. 

MuNA-BONE, n. The breast-bone, ster- 

MuNA-DZUKAi, n. An uneasiness or stop- 
page in the chest : care, anxiety, trou- 

MuNA-DZU.MORi, «. Reckoning or esti- 
mating in the mind. 

MuNA-FUDA, «. A writing fixed to the 
ridge-pole of a house, telling when and 
by whom the house was built. 

MuNA-G.-^WARA, n. The tiles laid over 
the ridge of a roof. 

MuNA-Gi, «. The ridge-pole of a roof. 

MuNAGURA, n. The breast of a coat. 

MuN.^-HiGE, n. The hair on the breaat. 

MuNA-iTA, «. The breast bone, sternum; 

MuNA-SAKi, n. The pit of the stomach. 

MuN.\-s.\w.\Gi, n. Perturbation, agita- 
tion, or commotion of mind. 

MuNASHiij-/t/,-t«, a. Empty, vacant, 
vQid, vam, naught, useless. 

MuNASHiSA, «. Uselessness. 

Muna-zan-y6, ft. Mental calculation, 

MuNE, n. The breast, front of the chest, 
pit of the stomach ; the breast as the 
seat of the affections, = heart, or mind ; 
the important or principal point, or 
meaning ; the design, object, intention, 

MuNE, «. The ridge of a roof. 

MuNE, n. The back of a sword, knife, 

MuNE-.\GE, n. The celebration made by 
the workmen on completing the setting 
up of the frame of a house. 

Mu.VE-KUSO, n. The feelings, spirits, 

Mu-NEN, n. Regret, soprow, disappoint- 

Mu-Ni, {futatsu nashi). Not the se- 
cond, the first. — tnu-zatt «/, pell-mell, 
confusedly and violently, regardless of 

Mu-n6, n. Without ability or skill, un- 
skilful, bungling. 

MuRA, n. A small district of country, 
the subdivision of a Kari, or county, a 

Mlra, n. Clustered, or in spots ; not 
even, irregular, not uniform. 

MuRA-D.ACHi, n. Standing in clusters. 

MuRADO, n. The kidneys. ■ 

Mur.\-garasu, «. A flock of crows. 1 

Ml'RAGARI,-/-//,-/?^:, z". 7'. To flock to- ■ 
gether, to be clustered or grouped to- ' 
gether, to herd, to be uneven or irregu- 

MuR.^GARi, n. A flock, herd, drove, 
cluster, clump, crowd, group. 

MuRAGi, n. Fickle, capricious, whimsical. 

MuRA-KUMO, n. Clusters of clouds. 

MuRA-MURA, n. Townships. Broken into 
groups, clusters, or in separate collec- 


MuKA-osA, n. The headman of a town- 
Mlrasaki, «. Purple color. 
Mlra-sajme, n. Rain falling in show- 
ers here and there. 
MrRE,-r?^,-/rt, I. V. To become musty, 
to mould, to heat by fermenting. 

Mlre, ti. Flock, drove, herd, crowd, 
band, group, company, cluster, clump, 

MvKF.-n/.-ta, i. V. To flock, herd, 
crowd, swarm, group, cluster or band 

MuKE-ATSUMARi,-r?^,-^i'rt, i. V. To flock 
together, crowd together, to collect in 
swarms, or herds. 

MuRE-i,-r«,-^/a, i. V. To be in a flock, 
herd, crowd, or cluster. 
* Mu-Ri, {kotozvari nashi). Without rea- 
son, right, or principle; unjust, unrea- 
sonable ; oppression, violence. 

MuRi-Ni, adv. By force or compulsion, 
by violence, unjustly, unreasonably, 
against the will. 

Mu-RisoKU, n. Without interest (of 

Mu-Riv6, {hakari nashi^ n. Innumer- 
able, immeasurable, infinite. 

MuRO, «. A room, an oven, cave, cellar, 
a chamber dug in the ground for pre- 
serving vegetables. Hi-muro^ ice- 

Mu-ROKU. Without wages, salary, or 
support from government. 

Mu-ROX, {ivakimaye tmshi). Devoid of 
reason, consideration or judgment. 

Mu-RUi, {tagui nashi). Without an 
equal, or the like ; without compar- 

MusAB0Ri,-r7<,-i'i'^, t. V. To covet, to 
desire inordinately, to be greedy of; to 
lust after. 

Mu-SAi, {tsiuna fiashi). Wifeless, celi- 

Mu-SAi. Without natural talent or 

MuSAi,-^'z,-/^?<,-j/i/, a. Dirty, filthy, 
nasty, low, indecent, mean, vile. 

MusA-KURUSHi,-/&z,-/t-«, i. V. Dirty and 
mean, slovenly, filthy. 

MuSA-KusA, adv. Confused, topsy-turvy, 
perplexed, distracted, vexed. 

MUS.A.-MUSA, adv. Confused, perplexed, 

Mu-SAN. Ignorant of arithmetic. 

MuSANKO-Ni, adv. In a hurried and 
confused manner. 

MusASABi, n. A kind of large bat. 

MusASHi, n. A kind of game in which 
checkers are used. 

MosE,-r«,-/a;, t. v. To mould, to be 

179 MUS 

musty, to heat by fermenting, to fer- 

MuSE,-r?< ,-/■«, I. V. To choke, to strangle 
and cough. Miise-kayeru., to choke or 
strangle, stiffled. 

MusEBi,-(5«,-«rf«, i. V. To be choked, 

MusEi-BAi, n. Unjust punishment. 

Mu-SHA, n. A soldier. 

Mu-SHABETSU. No difference, the same, 
alike, not discriminating. 

MusHi, 71. Insects, worms, bugs ; pains 
in the bowels — supposed to be caused 
by worms. — ga shiraserit^ = some- 
thing told me, or I felt as if. 

'M\:sni,-s!(,-ta, t. v. To cook by steam- 
ing, to steam, to foment, to vaporize. 

Mu-SHI, {zvatakushi nashi). Unselfish, 

MuSHi-ATSUi, n. Damp and hot, sultry, 

MusHi-BA, n. A decayed or carious tooth ; 
a worm-eaten leaf. 

MusHi-BA.Mi, n. Worm-eaten. 

MysHi-BosHi, n. Drying so as not to be 
injured by insects. 

MusHi-BOTARU, n. A glow-worm. 

MusHiDZU, n. Acidity of stomach, water- 
brash, pyrosis. 

Mlshi-ke, n. The appearance of having 
worms, as, in children ; the pains that 
precede child-birth. — dzu/eti., .sick 
with worms. 

MusHi-KUi, «. Worm-eaten. — ba^ a 
decayed tooth. 

MusHi-KLSO, n. Insect dirt. 

Ml'Shi-.megane, n. A microscope. 

MusHi-MONO, «. Articles cooked with 

MU-.SHIN, {kokoro nashi!) n. Without 
heart or mind, inanimate ; innocent ; 
begging with reluctance for something 
which one wants of another. — zuo iti, 
to make a request for something. 

MusHi-NOBORi,-r;(;,-/^rt, i. v. To evapo- 
rate, or ascend in vapor. 

MuSHi-osAVE, n. Medicines used by 
females for pains in the back and loins. 

MLSHiRi,-r«,-2'Az, t. V. To pluck, or 
strip off, — as feathers, hair. Mushiri- 
au., to pull and tear each other, as two 
persons fighting. Mushiri-isukn., to 
seize hold of a person, as in a quarrel. 

MusHiRO, tt. A mat made of straw. 

MusHiRO, adv. Better, rather. 

Mu-SHiTSU, [tsumi nashi). Not guilty, 

MusHi-voKE, n. A charm which keeps 
off or preserves the crops from insects. 

Mu-SHO, n. A cemetery. 

Mu-sh6-ni, adv. Recklessly, rashly, re- 
gardless of consequences. 


1 80 


Mu-SHUKU, (yado nashi). Without 
home, homeless. 

Ml-s6, {tiarabi nashi). Without an 
equal, second to none. 

Mu-s6, {yitme ni omo). Revealed in a 

Mu-s6, n. Dove-tailed or interlaced. — 
makura^ a kind of camp-piUow. — 
ntado^ a window made with moveable 
slats which overlap each other. 

Mi'soji. Sixty years old, 

Mu-SOKU. Without interest, — of money. 

MusLBi, -(5?/ ,-«</«, t. V. To tie, to knot ; 
to produce, form, make. ]\Iusubi-tsu- 
keru, to tie anything on something 

MusuBi-BUMi, n. A letter closed with a 

MusuBi-ME, n. A knot. 

MusuBORE,-r?<,-^a, t. v. To be tied to- 
gether, knotted, tangled ; perplexed, 
distracted, embarrassed. 

MusuKO, «. A son, boy. 

MusuME, n. Daughter, girl, miss, young 

Mu-TAi. Wrong, improper, unjust. 

Mu-TE, «. Empty-handed, without cap- 
ital ; unskilled, or hand out in playing 
checkers. — de iva akinai dekinu. 

— de iva hito no uchi ye iki-nikui. 

— de go ni maketa. 

Mu-tepp6. Regardless of anybody or 
anything, rash, reckless, careless. 

Mu-TOKU-SHiN. Not to consent, not al- 
low, not permit ; not to perceive or 

Mu-TOSE, (rokjt nen). Six years. 

MuTSU. Six. — doki, six o'clock. Kure- 
inutsUy six o'clock in the evening. 
Ake-tnutsu^ six in the morning. | 

M; TSUBi, «. Affection, intimacy, love, 

MuTSUKi, «. The first month. 

Mltsuki, n. A diaper worn by in- 

Mltslmajii,-^/,-/?-/^, a. Friendly, amic- 
able, harmonious, on good terms. 

MuTSUMAVAKA, a. Harmonious, friendly, 

MuTSURi, adv. Quiet, sedate, grave in 
manner, taciturn. 

MuTTO, adv. To flash up, flare up, as 
with sudden anger. 

Mu-VAKf, {yeki nashi). Useless, un- 
profitable, unserviceable. 

Mu-VAKU. Out of service, or oSicial em- 

MuvAKUVA, adv. Uneasiness of stomach, 
sickness of stomach. 

MuYAMi, n. Headstrong, desperate, reck- 
less, rash, regardless of everything. 

Mu-VEKI. Useless, of no profit or advan- 
tage, unserviceable. 

Mu-YEN. Without kindred or relations, 
having no affinity or connection. 

Mu-v6, {tnochiiru koto nashi). Useless, 
not needed, not necessary. Used also 
as an imperative, do not, cannot, must 

Mu-vdKU. Not covetous, without irre- 
gular desires. 

Mu-ZAi, {tsumi nasht). Without crime, 
without sin ; not guilty, innocent. 

Mu-ZAN. Cruel, without pity or com- 
passion, barbarous. 

MuzA-MUZA-TO, adv. Cruelly, inhuman- 

Mu-z6-SA. Not difficult, easy; without 


Na, n. Name ; renown, fame, reputa- 

Na, n. Leaves of various plants, as rape, 
turnip, radish, cabbage, etc., boiled and 
used for food ; greens. 

N.v. A contraction of NarUy affixed to 
words to form an attributive adjective ; 
as, Kon-kiu na hito., a poor man. 

Na-ate, n. The name of the person to 
whom a letter is addressed. 

Nabe, n. A pot, kettle. — no tsurii, 
the handle of a pot. Nabe-buta., a pot- 

Nabete, adv. General, common, usual, 

Nabe-ze.m, n. Small iron cash. 
Nabikashi.-j?^,-^^, caust. of Nabiku. 

To cause to bend, bow, lean, incline, 

yield, obey, or comply to some power 

or influence. 
NABiKE,-r«,-/«, i. V. To bend, lean, or 

or incline in the direction of something 

moving ; to yield, comply, submit, or 

NABiKi,-/t«,-;V«, i. V. To bend, lean, 

incline, bow, or yield to some power or 


motion ; to follow, obey or comply 
NABURi,-r?/,-/i'a, t. V. To tease, chafe, 
jeer, vex ; to torture ; make a fool of, 
to play tricks on, make sport with ; to 
handle, touch. Naburi-kiru^ to kill 
by inches, to torture to death by cut- 
ing the body to pieces. Naburi-koro- 
su, to kill by a slow death, or by tor- 

N.ADA. The ocean or sea. (^-wrto'rt, Soto- 
nada. Uchi-nada, inland sea. 

NA-DAKAi,-/^/,-/4'«,-*/i/, a. Celebrated, 
famous, distinguished, having a great 
name or reputation. 

NADAME,-r«,-^ia;, t. v. To soothe, ap- 
pease, pacify, quiet, tranquilize, con- 
sole ; to mitigate or lessen, as a punish- 

Nadaraka-na, a. Level, even, smooth. 

Nadare, 71. An avalanche, snow-slip. 
Yaitia — , a mountain-slide. 

Nadare, n. Gentle declivity or slope. 

NADARE,-rz<,-^a, i. V. To slope gently 
down, incline downwards ; to be seized 
with a panic. Nadare-nig^eru, to be 
seized with a panic and flee. 

Nade, n. A broom. 

liADE-ru^-ia, t. z'. To stroke, to rub 
gently with the hand, to smooth ; to 
console, pacify, quiet. Nade-ageru., to 
stroke or rub upward or against the 
grain. Nade-tsukeru., to comb, rub, 
stroke, smooth. 

Nadeshiko, «. A pink, 

Nade-tsuke, n. The hair worn un- 
shaven and falling or combed back. 

Nado. And so on, et cetera, or such 

Nado, adv. Why, for what reason. 

Na-dokoro, n. A place of note, cele- 
brated place. 

NADZLKE,-r«,-^rt, /, V. To give a name, 
to name, to call. 

Nadzu-ki, n. The head. 

NADZUMi,-;«?<,-«fl'a, i. V. To cloy, pall, 
cloy the appetite, to lie heavy on the 

NADZUMi,-;««,-«^a, /. V. To be attached 
to or adhere to anything ; obstinately 
or bigotedly attached to, addicted to ; 
cleave, cling to. 

Nadzl-na, n. The Capsella bursa pasto- 
ris. Shepherd's Purse. 

Na-fuda, n A card on which one's name 
is written, a visiting card. 

Naga-ame, n. A long rain. 

Maga-bakama, n. The long trowsers 
worn at court. 

Naga-banashi, n. A long story. 

Nagachi, n. Menorrhagia. 

Naga-dachi, It. The long sword. 

Naga-i, ti. Remaining or sitting long. 

NAGAi,-/{-z,->Cv(!,-j/i/, a. Long in space or 

Naga-iki, n. Long life. 

Naga-imo, n. The long edible root of a 
wild plant. 

Naga-jiri, «. A long sitter, a tedious 

NAGAME,-r«,-/a, i. v. To lengthen, pro- 

NAGAME,-r«,-/rt:, t. V. To view, behold, 
to look long at, to gaze at. 

Nagame, 7t. Viewing, looking ; a view, 

Naga-mochi, n. A long chest, or box ; 
lasting or enduring a long time. 

Naga-naga, adv. Very long. 

Naga-nobi, n. The length to which any- 
thing is extended, the long dimensions, 
as of a road, house, canal, etc. 

Nagara, adv. While, during, at the 
same time that, although, notwithstand- 
ing, together. Skikashi-nagara.^ while 
it is so, but, nevertheless. Futari na- 
gara, both together. Umare nagara 
no katawa mono, a cripple from his 

Nagaraku, adv. A long time. 

NAGARAVE,-r?/,-^u, z. V, To continue 
long in, to live. 

NAGARE,-ri/,-/«, /. V. To flow ; to move, 
pass, or run as a fluid ; to be adrift, or 
carried by the current ; to be forfeited, 
as a pawn ; to miscarry, to stray. Na- 
gare-dafua., a stray ball. Nagare-iua- 
tarti^ to float or drift across with the 

Nagare, n. A current, a stream ; line- 
age, race ; numeral for flags, streamers, 

Nagare-bune, «. A boat or ship that is 
adrift or afloat. 

Nagare-va, n. A random shot, of an 
arrow ; a stray arrow. 

Nagare-zan, «. Miscarriage, abortion. 

Nagasa, n. The length. 

NAGASARE,-r«,-^rt, pass, of Nagas^z, to 
be floated, or drifted by a current ; to 
be transported, or exiled. 

Nagashi,-*?^,-^^, L v. To cause to, or 
let flow, float, or drift ; to set adrift ; to 
commit to the current; to drain, or 
draw oflT, as water ; to forfeit, or let fail, 
as a pawn ; to exile. 

Nagashi, n. A sink or drain to carry off" 
dirty water. 

Nagashime, n. Looking attentively 

Nagashi-mono, n. An exile, or one trans- 
ported for crime. 

NAG 182 

Nagashi-Otoko, n. The servant or at- 
tendant of a bath-house. 

Nagasu, n. A large whale. 

Nagatarashii,-/&/,-/^«, a. Long and to- 
dioiis ; prolix, lengthy. 

Nagate, a. Oblong. — no kata^ oblong 

Naga-tsuki, n. The ninth month. 

Naga-ye, n. A block of houses, a long 
row of houses under one roof ; bar- 

Na-gaye, n. Change of name. — wo su- 
ru^ to change the name. 

Naga-ye, n. The shaft of a carriage ; 
the shaft of a spear, handle of an um- 
brella, a long spear. 

Naga-zashiki, n. A long visit from a 
guest ; staying long at an entertain- 

NAGE,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To throw, cast, fling, 
pitch, toss, hurl. Mi -wo — , to cast one's 
self into the water, to commit suicide. 
Nage-agerUy to throw up. Nage-dasu^ 
to throw out. Nage-ireru^ to throw 
into. Nage- komii^ to throw into. 
Nage-kosu^ to throw across, or over. 
Nage -orosuy to 'throw down from a 
height. Nage-suieru, to cast away; 
to let alone. Nage-tsukeru^ to throw 
against, to fling down. Nage-utsUy to 
throw and hit, to hit, beat, to throw 
away. Nage-yaru, to let alone, neg- 
lect, cast aside, give up. 

Nagekawashii,-/4'/,-^«, a. Lamentable, 
sad, mournful, pitiable. 

Nageki,-/&;^,-/M, /. V. To draw a long 
breath, or sigh from grief, or sadness ; 
to grieve, lament, mourn ; to complain. 

Nageshi, n. A horizontal piece of tim- 
ber in the frame of a house. 

"^AOi^-gu.-ida^ t. V. To mow, to cut 
with a sweep. Nagi-fiiseru^ to mow 
down, to cut down with a sweep. Na- 
gi-harau^ to clear away by mowing. 
JVagi-taosu, to mow down. Nagi-ta- 
teru^ to mow, to cut with a sword with 
a sweeping motion. 

NAGi,-^«,-/^a, i. V. To be calm, still, 
quiet, as the waves, or wind. 

Nagi, «. A calm. .<4ja-«a^/, the morn- 
ing calm. 

Nagi, «. A kind of water plant. 

Nagi, n. The Podocarpus nageia. 

Nagi-.mata, n. A halberd. 

Nagisa, «. A beach, shore. 

Nago, n. A mirage. 

Nagori, n. The act of parting, or saying 
farewell ; relics, remains, vestige, ru- 

Nagure,-^7<,-M, ?. V. To glance off, slip 
off", as an arrow. 


NAGURi,-r«,-^/«, t. V. To beat, strike. 
Naguri-taosu^ to knock down. 

NAGUSAME,-rz<,-^a, t. V. To amuse, di- 
vert : to console, to comfort, to soothe, 
pacify, appease, to calm. 

NAGusA.Mi,-;««,-«^a, /. V. To amuse, 
divert one's self. 

Nagusami, n. Amusement, diversion, 

NAi,-«M,-/'^a, t. V. To twist a rope. 

Nai,-/^z,-/^«,-j-/zz, a. Not, is not, have 
not ; dead. Shira-nai^ don't know. 
Wakara-nai, don't understand. So de 
iva nai, it is not so. Nat 7iara tiakute 
mo yoi\ if there is none — very well. 
Nat mono iva nai^ have everything, or 
destitute of nothing. Naku siirti^ to 
cause not to be, to destroy, to lose. 

Nai, n. Earthquake. 

Nai-bun, n. Secret, private, not public. 
— ni suru, to do privately. 

Nai-butsu, n. A household god. 

Nai-fuku, n. Administering medicines 
internally, internal treatment. 

Naigashiro-ni, adv. Treating as of no 
consequence, making light of, disre- 
garding, slightingly, insultingly., (iichi soto). Internal and ex- 
ternal, within and without, private and 
public, domestic and foreign. 

Nai-i, «. Private opinion, design, or in- 
tention ; secret wish. 

Nai-jakuri, «. A sob. — wo sum., to 

Nai-j6, n. Real or private sentiments, 
opmion, or feelings. 

Nai-ken, «. Looking over privately be- 

Nai-ko, w. Receding or striking in of an 

Nai-nai, adv. Secretly, privately, not 
publicly or openly. 

Naira, «. Broken-winded, — only used 
of horses. 

Nai-ran, «. Looking at privately or se- 

Nai-RAN, n. Civil broil, civil war, intes- 
tine commotion, domestic trouble. 

Nai-Sai, n. Settling a matter privately, 
compounding a matter, compromise. 

Nai-shaku, >i. Borrowing money on ac- 
count, or drawing a part of one's salary 
or wages before it is due. 

Nai-SHI, (sunawacki itaru made)., cotij. 
Or, even to. 

Nai-shin, «. Real state of mind, private "' 

Nai-shitsu, n. Wife. 

Nai-sho, «. Secret, private, not public, 
not apparent. 

Nai-son, (fichi wo sokonai)^ n. Internal 

1 83 


injury, or disease; a concealed blem- 

Nai-tsu, n. Secret communication, 

Nai-yaku, n. Medicines given inter- 

Nai-yen, (Jiisokana chigiri). Secret al- 
liance, secret marriage. 

NAjiMASE,-r?<,-/«, caust. of Najitni. To 
make familiar or intimate, to tame, to 

NAjiMi,-wzK,-«</rt, i. V. To be on famil- 
iar, friendly, or intimate terms ; to be 
intimately acquainted. 

Najimi, n. Intimate acquaintance, fa- 
miliarity, intimacy, friendship. 

NAjiRi,-r«,-^M, t.v. To inquire in a 
peremptory manner, to raise objections, 
to cavil. 

Najiri-t6, n. Inquiring in a peremptory 
manner, cross-examination. 

Naka, «. Inside, within, in, middle, 
midst, among, between ; the state of 
feeling between persons, relations of 
friendship or harmony. 

Nakaba, n. Middle, midst of, the half. 

Naka-biku, n. Concave, hollow or de- 
pressed in the centre. 

Naka-dachi, n. A go-between, middle- 
man, mediator. 

Naka-daka, n. High in the centre, con- 

NAKADAYE,-r«,-/'«, t. V. To be alienated 
in feeling, to cease friendly relations, 
break off an intimacy. 

Nakagai, n. The trade or business of a 
broker, a broker. 

Nakago, «. That part of the sword- 
blade which runs into the handle. 

Naica-goro, 11. Middle ages, or middle 
of a month. 

Naka-hodo, n. The middle, half, cen- 

Naka-ichi-nen, n. The third year from 
now, after one full year has intervened. 

Naka-ichi-nichi, n. After one day has 
intervened, or on the third day, count- 
ing the first and last. 

Naka-ire, n. A mediator, go-between. 

Naka-iri, n. The recess, or interval in 
play. . . 

Nak.v-kubo, n. Concave, hollowed in the 

Nakama, n. A company, firm, class, so- 
ciety, party, fraternity, guild. 

Naka-mukashi, n. Middle ages. 

Naka-naka, C071J. Beyond expectation ; 
but on th.e contrary ; indeed ; imper- 
fectly, not fully or thoroughly. — ;««- 
dziikashiiy more difficult than I sup- 

Naka-naori, n. Healing strife ; recon- 
ciling parties who have quarreled ; re- 
storing friendship and harmony. 

Nakandzuklt, adv. Especially, particu- 
larly, above all the others., adv. Above all others, es- 
pecially, particularly. 

Naka-niwa, 71. A court-yard in the 
centre of a house. 

Nakara, n. The middle, half. 

Nakarai, n. Marriage, union of sexes. 

Nakarashimu, caust. of Nakari. Cause 
not to be. Chikara ivo — , deprive of 

NAKARi,-r;<,-^^«, i. v. Is not, have not, 
neg. imp. Nakare^ do not. 

Nakase, 11. A porter, coolie. 

NAKASE,-r«,-/'rt, caust. of Naku. To 
make or let cry. 

NAKA-TAGAYE,-rK,-M, /. V. To be On 
bad terms, to disagree, to fall out, to be 
at variance. 

Naka-tagave, 71. Dissension, rupture, 
falling out, feud. 

Naka-te, n. Middling rice, that ripens 
neither early or late. 

Naka-tsugi, n. One who transacts busi- 
ness between others, an agent, broker. 

Nakatsl KAMI, n. A leopard. 

Naka-ycbi, n. The middle-finger. 

Naka-zashi, n. An ornament worn in 
the hair by women. 

Naka-zora, n. Mid-heaven. 

NAfci,-/i-z<,-zVrt:, i. V. To cry, to weep, to 
bawl, squall ; used also for the loud 
cry or noise made by birds, animals, or 
insects. Naki-akasii, to spend the 
night in crying, to cry all night. Na- 
ki-doyoimi y to make a loud noise, as 
when many persons are crying out to- 
gether. Naki-fusu^ to lie down and 
cry. Naki-haraszi, to swell the eye- 
lids or face with crying. Naki-moda- 
yeru.^ to cry and writhe, or throw one's 
self about. Naki-sakebu., to shriek 
and cry, or cry with a loud voice. Na- 
ki-saivagu^ to cry in great agitation or 
excitement, to make a disturbance by 
crying. Naki-shioreru^ to become 
weak, or faint with crying. Naki- 
shitait, to cry and long for a loved one 
who is absent. 

Naki-dzura, n. Crying face, tearful 

Naki-goto, n. Complaining, whining, 
whimpering, or talking in a croaking or 
lugubrious manner. 

Naki-gove, n. A cry, the voice of one 

Nakodo, n. A go-between, a middle- 
man ; mediator. • 


NAKUNARi,-r«,-^^rt, i. V. To be lost, 
missing, no longer in existence, come 
to naught, done, used up, all gone, 

Nama, a. Raw, crude, uncooked, unripe, 
green, unseasoned, fresh; inexperienced, 
immature, imperfect, unskilled ; super- 
ficial. Natna-mono, raw or uncooked 
things. Nantasamurai^ an inexpe- 
rienced soldier. Nama-wwo^ raw fish. 
Nama-gai^ raw clams. 

Namabi, a. Imperfectly dried, half dried. 

Namachi, n. Fresh blood. 

N.^madzu, n. A cat-fish. 

Namadzu, n. A species of macula or 
disease of the skin. Shiro — , albino. 

N.'MIA-g'aten, fi. Having a smattering 
only, comprehending imperfectly, only 
half understanding a matter. 

Nama-giki, n. A charlatan, smatterer; 
a vain, conceited person. 

Nama-goroshi, n. Not completely killed, 
half dead. 

Nama-gusai,-^z,-,^«,-5'/«/, a. Fresh and 
disagreeable in smell, smell of raw flesh, 
or of raw fish. 

Nama-iki, a. Affected, conceited ; half 

Namajii, a. Imperfect, half done. 

Nama-jiroi, a. Dirty white, not pure 

N.\MAKE,-rz<,-^a, /. V. To be indolent, 
idle, lazy, slothful. 

Nama-ki, n. Unseasoned or green wood. 

Namako, n. A kind of tile-work, made 
of square tiles with the joints filled and 
raised with mortar. 

Nam.ako, n. The sea-slug — Beche de 

Namakura, n. A bad tempered blade, a 
dull sword. 

NAM.\MEKi,-/^M,-zVa,z'. V. To affect a fas- 
cinating manner; to adorn one's self, 
and act with the desire to please, or 
captivate ; to flirt, coquette. 

Nama-mono-jiri, n. One who has only 
a superficial knowledge of things, but 
who affects the philosopher, a pedant ; a 
vain, conceited or affected person. 

N.ama-xaka, adv. Imperfectly, partially, 
not thorough or fully ; beyond expect- 

Nama-nama. Raw, green, inexperienced, 

Nama-nive, n. Half-boiled, half-cooked. 

Namari, n. Lead. 

Namari, n. Dialect, manner of speak- 
ing, provincialism. 

NAMARi,-r?<,-/'^«, t. V. To speak with a 
provincial accent, or manner ; to speak 
wuh a brogue. 

54 NAM 

Namasu, n. A kind of food made of 

raw fish. 
N.\ma-tsuba, n. A flow of saliva, as in 

eating anything sour or in pregnancy. 
N. \yi.\-WAKAi,- A I,- ku,-s/tz\ a. Still very 

young, green and inexperienced, young 

and immature. 
Nama-vake, a. Half-baked, or roasted, 

Namave, n. Name. 
Nama-vei, n. Half-drunk, fuddled. 
Namba, n. A kind of wooden boots worn 

by farmers in working in deep rice 

fields ; maize. 
Nam-ben, adv. How many times, many 

Nam-biyo. a dangerous or incurable 

Nam-b6 {nani hidd). How much ? How 

NAME,-r«,-^rt, /. V. To lick, to taste, to 

apply the tongue to anything. 
N.AMEDZURi,-r«, i.v. To lick the mouth, 

as an animal after eating. 
Namege, n. Rudeness, impoliteness. 
Namehara, n. Mucous diarrhoea. 
Namekuji, n. A slug or kind of snail. 
Namer.aka, n. Slippery, smooth, glib, 

oily, unctious ; bland, flattering. 
Nameshi,-j«,-^«, i. V. To tan, to dress 

and soften skins. 
Nameshi-gawa, n. A tanned skin, 

Nami, n. Waves. Nami-uchi-giwa., 

wave-beaten shore. 
Nami. Common, ordinary, usual, aver- 
age quality. To/isi-na7nt, yearly. 

Tsnki-nami^ monthly. Hi -nami., 

daily, day by day. Kado — , fi-om house 

to house. 
Na.mida, n. Tears. 

NAMiDA-GUMi,-w;«,«<frt, /. V. Eyes fill- 
ing with tears, to look as if about to 

Nami-i,-?>?<,-?V«, /. V. To be in a row, 

sit in a row, arranged in order. 
Nami-ki, n. Trees planted in a row or 

in* regular order. 
Nami-ma, n. Between, or amongst the 

Nami-nami, adz'. Ordinary, usual, com-^ 

mon, in regular order. 
Nami-suru. To set at naught, to despise, 

make light of, to treat with disrespect. 
Nami-voke n. A breakwater. 
N.\M-MON, n. A caviling or difficult 

question or objection. — suru., to raise 

objections, to propound hard questions, 

Namomi, n. A kind of weed. 
Nampi, «. Defect, flaw, blemish. 




Nam-pu, n. Adverse or baffling wind. 

Na-mushi, n. A caterpillar which feeds 
on the leaves of the rape-seed plant. 

Nan (katai). Hard, difficult ; hardship, 
adversity, misfortune ; objection, diffi- 

Nan iminavti^, n. South. 

"iiiAN {oioko). A male, man, son. — sht, 
a male child, a boy, a son. — niyo, 
male and female, man and woman. 
yi — , the second son. Vo — , the fourth 

Nan. a contracted form oi Nani. What. 
Nan doki^ what o'clock? Na?i-do^ 
how often. Nan-detnOy whatsoever, 

Nana, cont. of Nanatsu^ seven. 

Nanako, n. A kind of silk goods, en- 
chased work. 

Naname, a. Inclined, slanting, oblique, 
diagonal. Nana7ne-naradziiy exceed- 
ing great. 

Nanasoji. Seventy years of age. 

Nanatsu. Seven. 

Nanatsu-ge, 71. The hairs on the fin- 
gers and toes. 

Nanda, adv. What is it ? what is the 

Nan-dai, «. A hard theme ; a difficult 
subject; a hard, unjust or cruel mat- 

Nan-do, n. A butler's room, closet, 
pantry, larder. 

Nan-gi, n. Hardship, affliction, trouble, 
misery, calamity, disaster ; difficult, 

Nan-givo. n. .Hard and painful religious 
works ; as fasting, self-inflicted torture ; 

Nam. pro. What. Nani kitoisu to 
shite^ in every particular. — ga haite 
ktiru, something is coming in. 

Nani-bun. Exclam. = I pray you, 
please, I beseech. 

Nani-demo, proTi. Anything whatever. 
— yoroshii, anything will do. 

Nani-gashi, pron. A certain person, 
somebody, some one, so and so. 

Nani-ge-nai,-/^z,-/&«,-j/z/,-^, a. Without 
any appearance whatever of minding, 
caring about, or knowing ; with a care- 
less, unconcerned, or indiflferent man- 
ner ; without letting on. 

Nani-gokoro-naku, adv. Not think- 
ing, not intending, without minding. 

Nam-goto. Why, what reason ; what 
news, matter or business. 

Nani-kure. Anv and everj'thing. — to 
isog-askily busy in various ways. 

Nani-mo, adv. Everj'thing whatever; 
with a neg., nothing whatever. I 

Na-ni-6, a. The celebrated, famous ; 
corresponding to its reputation. 

Nani-sama, adv. Somehow, some way 
or other. 

Nani-to-zo. Exclam. in requesting, be- 
seeching ; I pray you, please. 

NANji,/r^. You, — used to equals or in- 
feriors. Nanji-ra^ plur. you. 

NANji,-^z«,-i'a, /. V, To object to, to 
state a difficulty. 

Nan-ju, n. Affliction, hardship, misery, 

Nan-kiyoku, n. The south pole. 

Nan-k'o, n. The game of odd and even. 

Nan-kon, n. Membrum virile. 

Nan-kotsu, n. Cartilage. 

Nan-nan, adv. Almost, nearly, about 
to, approaching to. Shi ni — to su, 
almost dead. 

Nan-xantaru, a. Deep and dark, as a 
deep river or sea. 

NANORi,-r« ,-//«, /. V. To tell one's 
name, to introduce one's self. Nano- 
ri-au, to tell each other their name, 
to introduce themselves to each other. 

Nanori, n. Name. 

Nanori-so, «. A kind of seaweed. 

Nan-sen, n. Shipwreck. — suru, to be 

Nan-shoku, n. Sodomy. — suru, to 
practice sodomy. 

Nan-ten-shoku, n. The Nandina do- 

Nanuka, n. The seventh day of the 
month, seven days. 

Nanushi, «. The head-man, chief mag- 
istrate of a village, or of a ward of a city. 

Nan-zan, n. A diffivjult parturition. 

Nanzo, ^^z'. Why, wherefore. 

Nao, adv. Still, yet, more. Nao-mata, 
moreover, again, furthermore, still 
more. Nao-tnottey still more, more- 
over. Nao-naOy more and more, still 
more. Nao-sara, still more, more- 
over, again. 

'^Aoiy-kiy-kuy-shi, a. Straight, not 
crooked, right, correct, upright, just, 
NAOKARi,-r«,-/^«, /. V. To be straight, 

not crooked ; correct, uprigat. 
Nao-nao-gaki, n. A postscript, adden- 
da, codicil. 
Na-ore, n. Disgrace, infamy, reproach. 
NAORi,-rz<,-^i'rt, i. v. To be cured, heal- 
ed ; to mend, repair, to restore friend- 
ship ; to be translated from one lan- 
guage into another. 
T^AOSHi,-s!t,-ta, t. 7'. To cure, heal ; to 
mend, repair ; to correct, to rectify, re- 
form, to straighten, to restore friend- 
ship ; to translate. 


1 86 


Naoshi, n. A cobbler, or repairer of 

Naozari, w. Indifferent, remiss, slight- 
ing, disregarding ; unimportant, trivial, 
not worthy of notice or consideration. 

Naozari, -r«,-if/i2, /. v. To pass by, ne- 
glect, omit to do ; to disregard, slight. 

Nara, «. The name of a species of oak. 

Nara, ai/z/. If. Yedo ye yuku-nara^M 
you go to Yedo. 

Naraba, adv. If there be, if, if possible. 

NARABE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To place in order, 
arrange in a row, to match or rank 

Narabi,-3«, -«</«, i. V. To be in a row, 
to be arranged in order, matched. 

Narabi, n. The order, arrangement, 
row, rank, series. 

Narabi-ni, conj. Together with, and, 

Narade, adv. Not being, without it is, 
unless, excepting. Kore — hoka ni iva 
nai.^ have none except this. 

Naradzu-mono, n. A good for nothing 
fellow, one who is of no use. 

NARAi,-rt.Y,-i?/M, t. V. To study, to 
learn, to practice so as to be familiar 
with ; to imitate. 

Narai, n. Custom, usage, fashion, man- 
ner, way, practice. 

Nara-nai, the neg. of Nari. Nakute 
naraiiai., can't do without, must have 
it. Itakute naranai., it pains so that 
I cannot endure it. 

NARASHi,-i-«,-/<«. Caust. of Nari. To 
cause to produce, make to bear. 

NARASHi,-j?<',-/'rt. Caust. of Nari. To 
cause to sound, to sound, to ring, to 
play on. 

NARASHi,-j«,-^rt, t. V. To level, make 
even ; to average. 

Narashi,-j?<,-^«, t. V. To train, drill, or 
exercise so as to be perfect in, or famil- 
iar with ; to familiarize. 

Narashi, n. Training, drilling. 

NARASHiME,-ri<,-^<z, caust. oi Nari. To 
cause to be, or become. 

NARAWASE,-rM,-/a, caust. oi Narai. To 
cause to learn, order to be taught. 

N.\RAWASHi, 71. Custom, fashion, man- 
ner, practice, way. 

NARE,-r ?/,-/■«, i. V. To be accustomed 
to, used, habituated, familiar, inured 
to, well acquainted with. 

Narr-ai, n. Collusion, conspiring to- 
gether, a secret agreement, or under- 

Nare-ginu, v.. Clothes which one is ac- 
customed to from use. 

NARE-NARESHii,-^/,-it^<, a. Familiar, in- 
timate ; free or easy in manner. 

NARE-soME,-r?<,-/a, z. V. To commence, 
to be intimate, or acquainted ; to begin, 
to be accustomed to. 

NARij-m^-Ua, i. v. To be. become. 

N ARi, -ru.-^ia, i. v. To emit a sound, to 
sound, to make a noise, ring, hum, 
buzz. Nari-agaru., to sound upward. 
Nari-doyovtu, to sound aloud. Nari- 
Aidiku, to resound, reverberate. Nari- 
wataru, to sound over, — far and wide. 

NARi,-r«,-/A-i, 2. V. To form fruit, to 
grow, or appear as fruit ; to beget, pro- 

Nari, n. Leprosy. 

Nari, n. Form, figure, shape, manner, 

appearance, style, air. 
Nari, n. Sound, noise. 
Nari-agari ,->-«,-//«. i. V. To grow up ; 

to rise suddenly in rank or fortune 

from a low grade. Nari-agari shin 

sho., suddenly acquired property. 
N.ARi-FURi, 11. Manner, deportment, ap- 
pearance, mode of dress. 
NARi-GATAi,-/&/,-/&«-j/i;z, a. Difficult to 

be, to become, to do ; hard to obtain. 
NARi-HATE,-r«,-^a, i. V. To end, finish, 

conclude one's course, to come to a 

bad end, to turn out bad. 
Nari-hate, 71. A bad end, or the end 

of one's evil course. 
NARi-KAKARl,-r;^,-^rrt, i. V. To begin to 

be, to commence, about to become. 
Nari-katachi, «. The form, figure, 

shape, appearance. 
NARi-KAWARi,-r«,-/'/rt, i. V. To change 

into, transform ; to be instead of, to 

take the place of 

ARiKKO, 71. Form, 

NARI-KUDARI,-r«,-/Aj, i. V. _ 

low, to descend from a high to a low 
station in life, to fall to a low estate. 

Narimbo, 71. A leper. 

N.\Ri-MONO, 71. Musical instruments. 

Nari-mono, 71. Fruit. 
ARi-so, a. Appears as 
seems as if, looks as if 

Nari-tachi, 71. Bringing up, education, 
rearing up. 

Nari-wai, 71, Employment, occupation, 
business ; calling. 

Nari-vuki, 71. State, condition, case or 
circumstances into which any thing 
comes bj' a course of conduct or train 
of events, the result. 

Naru-hodo. Exclam. used in expressing 
one's understanding, assent or appro- 
bation, = I understand, very true, in- 
deed ! 

Naru-ka.mi, 71. Thunder. 

Naru-ko, 71. A kind of scare-crow which 
makes a noise. 




Naru-take, adv. As much as possible ; 
as much, or as good as you can. 

Nasake, n. Kindness, pity, humanity, 

NASARE,-r;<,-^rt, (pass, of Nasu ; used re- 
spectfully). To do, to make. 

NASARi,-r«,-/i'(T;, t. V. To do, to make. 

NASASHiME,-rz<,-2'cj;, caust. of Nasu. To 
cause or order to make, or let do. 

NASHi,-Jz<,-/a, t. V. To do, to make, to 

Nashi, n. A pear. 

' ki, : 


Nashiji, n. A kind of lacquer, having a 
pear colored ground sprinkled with gold 

Nashi-Ku'dzushi, «. Paying by instal- 

Nasu, or Nasubi, «. The egg-plant. 

NASURi,-r«,-i?z'rt, z. V. To paint, varnish, 
daub, smear ; to lay the blame on 
others, to impute, or charge to others. 

Nata, n. A hatchet. 

N.A.TA-MAME, «. A kind of bean with a 
sword shaped pod. 

N.A-TANE, «. Rape-seed. 

Natsu, n. Summer. — 7nono^ summer 

Natsl'Ge, «. The brown hair of the 
stag, of which pencils are made. 

Natsu-gi, «. Summer clothes. 

N.^TSL'GO, n. A kind of silk-worm that 
makes a cocoon twice a year. 

N.ATSUKASHIGARI,-ra,-i'/a, /. V. To be 

longing after, to think affectionately of 
something absent, to be home-sick. 

Natsukashi^-X-z^-Zi-z^, a. That which is 
absent and thought of with love or af- 
fection, to be longed after. 

Natsu KE,-r7<,-^a, t. v. To tame, to 
make gentle or familiar, to domesti- 
cate ; to soften, mollify, to gain the 
friendship of. 

Natsuki,-/^?^ ,-//■«, /. V. To be friendly, 
familiar or intimate ; social, to be tame, 
domesticated., 91. The date fruit. 

N.atto, n. A kind of food made of 

Nattoku. — suru, to consent, to ad- 
mit, approve, allow, to concur in. 

Na-ute. Celebrated, famous, well- 

Naw.a. a rope, line. 

Nawa-bari, n. Laying out or measur- 
ing ground with a line. 

N.-^WA-HASHIGO, n. A rope ladder. 

Nawa-xobi, n. Stretching a line ; giv- 
ing good measure or more than is 
called for in measuring with a line. 

Nawashiro, n. A small piece of ground 

in which rice sprouts are grown for 
Nawate, h. a road through rice-fields. 
Nawa-tsuki, n. A person in bonds, a 

Naya, n. A store room, or cellar for pre- 
serving vegetables, fish, etc. 
NAY.AMASHi,-jz<,-/rt, t. V. To afflict, to 
trouble, distress, to persecute^ harass, 
to vex, annoy. 

NAYAMASHii,-/l/,-^«,-w,-^rt:, n. Afflictive, 
distressing, bitter, painful. 

NAYAMi,-;««,-«^a, i. V. To be dis- 
tressed, afflicted, tormented, harassed, 
vexed, to suffer. 

Nayami, n. Affliction, suffering, malady, 

Nayarai, n. The ceremony of expelling 
evil spirits, or sickness. 

NAVASHi,-y«,-^rt, t. V. To make limber, 
pliant, or soft ; to afflict, distress, to 

Naye, n. Young shoots, or sprouts. 

N.\YE,-r«,-/rt, I. V- To be weak, impo- 
tent, paralysed. 

Naye, «. Impotence. 

Nayoraka-na. Delicate in form or 
graceful in motion. 

N.\ZE, adv. Why, wherefore, for what 

N.'\zo, same as Nado, = and such like 
things, et cetera. 

Nazo, (contr. of Nanzo^ Why, where- 
fore, for what reason. 

Nazo, n. A riddle, enigma. 

N.AZORAYE,-rz<,-^<z, t. V. To make like or 
similar, to resemble, to imitate : to use 
figuratively, to compare, liken ; to il- 
lustrate, to give as an example ; to 

Nazoye. Inclined, slanting, sloping, ob- 

Ne, 11. The root ; the origin ; at the 
bottom, at heart, in truth. 

Ne, 11. Price, value, cost. 

Ne, n. The sound, tone: noise. 

Ne, (contr. of Nedzumi, rat). One of 
the twelve calendar signs. Ne no tokt, 
12 o'clock at night. Ne no ho, the 

Ne, n. The peak of a mountain. 

NE,-rz<,-^a, /. V. To sleep ; to lie down ; 
to go ro bed. 

Ne-age, n. Rise, or advance in price. 
— 1V0 suru^ to raise the price. 

Ne-ase, n. Sweating while asleep ; 

T^KBM.-ki.-ku.-shi, a. Sticky, adhesive, 
gluey, viscous, glutinous, tenacious, 
cohesive. Ncbakic sum, to make 
sticky. Nebaku nam, to become sticky. 


Neba-xeba, adv. Sticky, adhesive, te- 
nacious, glutinous. 
NEBARi,-rz/,-^^rt, i. V. To be sticky, ad- 
hesive, gummy, viscous, tenacious or 
cohesive. Nebari-tsuku^ to stick, to 
adhere, to cohere. 

Nebari-ke, n. Gummy, of an adhesive, 
glutinous, or sticky nature. 

Nebasa, n. Adhesiveness, viscidity, te- 
nacity, cohesiveness. 

Neba-tsuchi, n. Sticky earth, clay. 

Ne-biki, n. A reduction or lowering of 

Ne-bive, n. Being cold while asleep or 
lying down. 

Ne-b6, n. A sleepy-head, a drows' per- 

NKBOKE,-r«,-^d!, z. V. To be stupid or 
bewildered, when suddenly roused from 
sleep ; to walk in sleep. 

Nebuka, «. A kind of garlic. 

NEBURi,-r;<,-^/^, t. V. To lick, to taste, 
to apply the tongue to anything. 
Caust. neburaseru. 

Nebuto, 71. A boil. 

Neda. n. The lower sill of a building on 
which the upright timbers rest. 

Nedan, «. Price, value, cost. 

NEDARi,-r«.-2'i'a, t. V. To demand im- 
portunately, to tease by asking for. 

Ne-d6gu, n. Articles used in sleeping ; 
as, bedding and night-clothes. 

Nedoi. Asking a person to repeat what 
he has said, to enquire a second time. 

Nedoko, n. A bedstead, a sleeping 

Nedzumai, n. Manner or posture in 

Nedzumi, n. A rat. Nedzumi-i'ro, 
mouse-color, a lead color. Nedzumi- 
koroshi, rats-bane, poison for killing 
rats. Nedzm/ii-tnochi, ligustrum or 
privet. Nedzumi-naki^ the squeak- 
ing of a rat, the noise made with the 
lips like calling a dog. Nedzumi- 
otoshi, a rat-trap. 

NE-DZUYOi,-/fe/,-yfe«,-i-/i/, a. Strongly or 
well rooted, good at bottom, of good 

Ne-fi;shi,-j«,-^«, /. V. To lie down, to 

NEGAi,-a« or -d,-atta or -dta, t. v. To 
desire, to request, entreat, beseech, to 
pray for, supplicate, to petition. Ne- 
gaiuakuha, I desire or pray that. Nega- 
wanu, not to desire. 

Negai, n. Desire, request, entreaty, pe- 
tition, prayer. 

Negai-sho, n. A written petition. 

Ne-gami, n. A paper the color of which 
has changed by long keeping. 

58 NEJ 

Negawashii,-/?-/,-/^;^, a. Desirable, that 
which is desired or prayed for. 

Ne-gayeri, n. Changing one's position 
in sleep. — -wo suru.^ to turn in bed. 

Negi, n. Onion. 

Negi, «. An inferior Sintoo priest. 

Negi-goto, n. A petition, prayer, de- 
sire, request. 

NEGiRAi,-a«,-^M, t. V. To entertain, 
treat hospitably ; to return thanks for 
some service rendered. 

NEGiRi,-rz<,-//ri, t. V. To cheapen, to 
beat down the price. 

Ne-goto, n. Talking in sleep. — -wo 
iu, to talk in sleep. 

Negura, n. A roost, peach. 

Ne-gurushii,-/&2,-/^2/, a. Sleeping badly, 
unable to sleep. 

NE-GUSARi,-r;<,-/^'a, /. v. To oversleep 
one's self, sleep to long. 

Nehan, n. Nirvana, — the state of su- 
preme happiness of the Buddhists. 

Nei, (Jietsurau). To flatter, to fawn 
upon, pay court to, to be obsequious. 
Net-ben^ flattery, adulation, blandish- 
ment. Nei-jin. a flatterer, sycophant, 
Nei-kan^ flattery and intriguing. Nei- 
sha., a flatterer, sycophant. Nei-yu, 
flattery, adulation. 

Ne-iki, n. The breathing of one asleep. 
— Tvo ukagauy to watch the breathing 
of one asleep. 

NE-iRi,-r?<,-^^a, /. 7'. To be asleep. Ne- 

' iri-bana^ the time of deepest sleep. 

Ne-iro, n. The tone of voice, or of an 
ijjstrument of music. 

Neji, «. A screw. 

NEji,-r«,-/iZ, t. V. To screw, to twist, to 
wring, to contort, distort, wreach. 
Neji-aUy to wrestle together. Neji- 
akerUy to open by twisting or screwing, 
to wrench open. Neji-fuseru., to 
throw a person down by a twisting mo- 
tion, as in wrestling. Neji-hanasu., to 
separate by twisting, twist apart, 
wrench off. Neji-kirUy to twist, to 
wring off. Neji-komu, to .screw, or 
twist into. Neji-mawasii, to screw, 
twist, or turn round, to whirl round. 
Neji-muku, to turn one's face away, 
or twist the body around so as to turn 
the face away. Neji-oru, to break off 
by twisting. Neji-shiboru^ to press 
out by twisting, to wring out. Neji- 
tansu., to throw down in wrestling by a 
twisting motion. 
NEjlKE,-r?/,-^rt:, /. V. To be unprinci- 
pled and artful, to be specious and flat- 
tering ; to be twisted. Nejike-bito^ an 
unprincipled, artful and specious per- 


Neji-kiri, n. An augur. 

Neji-kubi, n. Twisting off the head. 

Ne-jime, n. Tight, firm, or secure about 
the roots or foundation ; exactness, ac- 
curacy ; tone of a musical instrument. 

NEjiRE,-r;^,-^a, i. z', To be twisted, 
warped, distorted, to be askew, con- 

Nekashi,-j2<,-M, t. V. To make, or let 
go to sleep, to lay down anything stand- 
ing, to let rest, or remain quiet. 

Nekkara, adv.^ with a neg. verb. Not 

Nekki, n. Fever, heat. 

Neko, n. A cat., n. A cat, or a badger. 

Neko-nadegove, n. The coaxing sound 

made in fondling a cat. 
Ne-korobi,-^«,-«^(T, /. V. To lie down 

anywhere, to throw one's self down 

anywhere to sleep. 
Nekosoge, adv. All, everything, — dowp 

to the very roots. 
Nekoza, n. A kind of coarse mat made 

of straw. 
Ne-kubi, n. Cutting off the head of a 

person asleep. — wo suru. 
Ne-ma, n. A bed-chamber, bed-room. 
Ne-.maki, n. A night-gown. 
NE-MARi,-r«,-i'^rt, 1. V. To sit with the 

feet doubled under in Japanese fashion. 
Ne-mashi, n. Increasing or adding to 

the price. 
Nem-butsu, n. Praying by repeating the 

words, Namu amida butsu, 
NEiME,-r«-/rt, t. V. To look fiercely at, 

to glare at. JVejne-mawasu ^ to look 

around fiercely, to glare about. Neme- 

tsukern, to look fiercely at, to glare at. 
Ne-mimi, n. The ears of one sleeping 

— ni inidzti^ like water dropped into 

the ear of a person sleeping. 
Ne-moto, «. The root, origin, source, 

Nemui,-.^/,-^«,-jA/, a.. Sleepy, drowsy. 

Nemuku nartc, to become sleepy. 
Nemunoki, n. The magnolia. 
Nemuri,-^^,-//^, i. V. To sleep. 
Nemuri, n. Sleep. 
Nemuri-me, n. Sleepy-eyes, or eyes 

closed in sleep. 

NEMURITAGARI,-rZ<,-i'i'a, /. V. To be 

sleepy, want to sleep. 

Nemusa, n. Sleepiness. 

NEMUTAi,-y^/,-^«,-j/zz, a. Sleepy, drow- 
sy, to wish to sleep. Nemntaku tiat, 
not sleepy. 

Nen, {toshi), n. Year. Iku nen ato, 
how many years ago ? Nen-ga^ New 
Year's compliments. Nen - giyoku^ 
New Year's gift. Nen-ju^ the whole 

59 NER 

year. Nen-kiri^ a term of years. Nen- 
dun, yearly portion, or share. Nen- 
naiy during the year. Nen-nen, yearly. 
Nen-pai^ age, time of life. Ne?i-rai^ 
for years past. Nen-rei., age, years old. 
Nen-pu^ yearly payments. Nen-rei, 
Nevy Year's compliments. Nen-ski, 
beginning of the year. A"en-bi, end of 
the year. Nen-sil^ the number of years. 
Nen-gd^ epoch, name of the year. Nen- 
getiy hxcd term of years. 

Nen, n. Thought, attention, care, heed, 
notice, regard, regret. — wo irete suru, 
to do carefully. 

Ne.n.^shi-kadzora, n. Cuscuta, Dod- 

Nen-chaku. — j«r«, to stick or adhere 
1 lightly. 

I Nendaiki, n. A chronological table, a 
book on chronology. 

Nengoro, Friendly, kind, civil, courte- 
ous, polite, affable, social. 

Nen-gu, 11. Tax on land. 

Nen-guwan, n. Desire, wish, hope. 

l^ENji-dzuru,-ia, t. v. To repeat or re- 
cite prayers, to pray. 

Nen-jl', a. A rosary. 

Nen-ju, n. Reciting the sacred books of 
the Buddhists. . 

Nenki, n. The term of service of a ser- 
vant ; an apprentice, or one bound to 
service for a fixed time. Ichi — , one 
year's service. — jo mon,2in indenture. 
— mono, an apprentice — ^<7^(j, serv- 
ing for a term of years. 

Nen-ki, «. The year of mourning for 
the death of a relative. 

Nenne, «. An infant child. 

Ne-nobi, «. Stretching one's self in bed 
or while laying down. 

Nen-riki, {oniou chikard). The power 
of the will, resolution, fixedness of pur- 

Nen-riyo, n. Thought, attention, care- 
ful consideration ; care, anxiety. 

Nen-sha, n. A careful, thoughtful, pro- 
vident, considerate person. 

Nen-yeki, n. Mucus. 

Neo, n. A round silken cord. 

NE-OBiVE,-r«,-/'rt, /. V. To wake from 
sleep bewildered or startled. 

Ne-oki, n. Rising from sleep, or from 
bed. — ga luarui, to get up in a bad 

Neppu, (atsui kaze), n. A hot wind. 

'NKRAi,-au,-a(fa, t. v. To aim at, to watch 
for, lie in wait for, to glare at. Nerai- 
yoru, to aim at, or watch anything and 
approach to it. 

Nerai, n. Aim. 

NEKE,-r«,-2f«, /. V. To be worked into 




proper consistence, tempered, trained, 1 
experienced. | 

NERi,-r?<,-M, /. V. To work into proper 
consistence of softness or hardness, by 
kneading, stirring, or pounding ; to tem- 
per, to harden, to train. Neri-kitau^ 
to harden, to temper, as metals. 

Neri, «. A kind of white silk. 

Neri ,-;-?/ ,-^^«, i. V. To walk at a slow 
pace. Neri-aruku, to walk slowly. 

Neri-bei, n. A wall built of tiles laid 
horizontally in mortar. 

Neri-mono, n. A car filled with dancers 
drawn at festivals. 

Neri-mono, n. Ornaments made of wax, 
in imitation of coral, or precious stones. 

Neri-yaku, n. A medical paste or con- 
serve, an ointment. _ 

Neri-vokan, n. A kind of confectionary 
made of red beans and sugar. 

Ne-sage, n. A fall in the price of any- 

NESASE,-r«,-^a, t. v. To make or let go 
to sleep, to cause to lie down. 

Ne-shidzumari,— r«,-/'^rt. i. v. To sink 
into quiet sleep, buried in sleep. 

Ne-shoben, n. Wetting the bed, urinat- 
ing while asleep. — wo siiru^ to wet 
the bed. 

NE-suGi,-rM,-^a, i. V. To over-sleep, 
sleep too long. 

Ne-surigoto, n. Flattery, or currying 
favor by traducing others. 

NETAMASHii,-/^z,-/i'a, a. That of which 
one is envious or jealous ; enviable. 

NETAMi,-7«w,-«^rt, t. V. To be jealous 
of, to envy. 

Netami, n. Jealousj', envy. 

Netsu, n. Fever. 

Netsu-biyo, n. A fever, or febrile dis- 

Netsu-butsu, n. Ardent spirits. 

Ne-tsugi, n. Splicing the decayed end 
of posts. 

Netsui,-/^z, -/^«,-i-A?", a. Persevering, 
persisting in or sticking to anything; 
tedious, prolix ; over-particular or care- 

Netsuke, «. A carved button, used for 
suspending the tobacco-pouch to the 

NE-TSUKi,-<t«,-zVa, r. 7>. To fall asleep. 

Netsu-s.^.mashi, n. A medicine that cures 
a fever, febrifuge. 

Netto, n. Hot water. 

Ne-uchi, n. Setting the price, fixing the 
price. — ivo /utnu^ to appraise. 

NE-WASURE.-rw,-/"*!;, i. v. To forget by 

Neva, n. A chamber, bed-room. 

NEYASHi,-j»,-^a, i. V. To work or stir 

into proper consistence, to work into 
paste ; to knead. 

Ne-yaslt.-^/,-^«, «• Sleeping quietly, 
peacefully, or tranquilly. 

Ne-yasui,--^/,-^'«, a. Cheap in price, 

Ne-zame, 71. Awake. 

NE-ZAME,-r//,-2'a, i. V. To awake, to 
wake from sleep. 

NE-ZASHi,-jM,-^a, i. V. To take root ; to 

Nezatoi,-/^/,-^^, a. Easily waking from 
sleep, sleeping lightly. 

Nezeri, «. A kind of celery. 

Ne-z6, n. The way of sleeping, the po- 
sition in sleep. 

Ni, {/uiatsu), a. Two. Nido^ twice. 
Ni-g'.iwatsu^ the second month. Ni- 
ban^ the second. Ni-ben, the two calls 
of nature. 

Ni, «. Goods, merchandise, wares ; 
a package or bale of goods ; baggage, 
luggage ; a burden, load ; cargo. 

'i^i,/ost-/os. In, into, to, on, at, by, of, 
from ; since, as, because ; according to. 
(2.) An adverbial ending, as, Mako- 
to-ni^ truly. Sude niy already. 

(3.) A conjunctive particle, in enumer- 
ating several «things, = and. Sake ni 
budo ni mikan ni sono hoka iro iro 
aru, there were wine, grapes, and 
oranges, besides many other things. 

(4.) At the end of a sentence, ex- 
presses regret ; as, chichi no iu koto 
IVO kiite irazaru rvagamania ivo sene- 
ba yokatta 7ii, it would have been bet- 
ter if I had listened to my father, and 
not followed my own selfish ways. 

Ni,-r«,-2fa, t. V. To cook in boiling wa- 
ter, to boil. 

Ni,-r«,-i'a, /. V. To resemble, to be simi- 
lar, alike. 

NiAi,-a«,-/'/'rt, i. V. To resemble each 
other, to be like each other, to suit, to 
fit, to accord, adapt, to become. Ni- 
atoanuy not suited, unbecoming, im- 

Ni-AWASE,-rM,-;a, t. v. To adapt, to 
make to suit, or fit. 

NiAWASHii,-/^/,— ^«, a. Suitable, becom- 
ing, well adaped, proper. 

NiBAMi,-w«,-^a, i. V. To turn yellow 
in color, to become old and yellow- 

Ni-B.\NA. An infusion of tea just made 
and in its best state. 

NiBE, n. A fish's air-bladder, isin- 

NiBLi,-;^«,-.f/«z, a. Dull, blunt ; stupid, 
sluggish, slow, inactive, awkward. 

Ni-BU-KiN, n. A piece of gold coin of 
the value of half a riyo. 



Ni-EUNE, n. A merchant-ship, a ship 

for carrying goods. 
NiBUSA, n. Dulness, stupidity. 
NiCHAKO, n. Paper chewed up into a 

soft ball, spit-ball. — ieppo, a pop- 

NiCHA-NiCHA, adzi. Having the quality 
sticking or adhering. 

NiCHATsi:Ki,-/&«,-i'a, z. V. To be sticky, 
adhesive, clammy. 

NiCHi, 71. Day. Ikii nichz\ how many 
days? Ichi — . one day. Nichi-gen^ 
a fixed or set day, a limited number of 
days. Nichi-nichi^ daily, every day, 
day by day. Nichi-ya^ day and night. 
• Nichi-yd^ daily use. 

NiCHi-RiN, n. The sun. 

Ni-DZiKURi, n. Making up into bales or 

NiGAi,-^/,-^«,-i-/;z, a. Bitter ; hard, 
cruel, severe, sarcastic. 

NiGAMi,-;«zz,-«£/fz, i. V. To be bitter, to 
have an angry or surly look. 

NiGAMi, n. Bitter in taste, bitterishness. 

NiGA-NiGASHii,-4'z,-/^?<, a. Bitter, dis- 
agreeable, painful, severe, distasteful, 
provoking, sarcastic. 

Ni-GAO, n. A likeness, portrait. — too 
kaku, to draw a likeness. 

NiGARi,-r«,-2'/rt. /. V. To feel bitterly, 
to be provoked, or angry. 

NiGARi, n. The brine formed by the 
deliquescence of salt. 

NiGASA, «. Bitterness. 

NiGASHii,-jz<,-/rt, caust. of Nigeru. To 
make, or let escape ; let go. 

NiGA-WARAi, n. A bitter or sarcastic 
laugh, a sneer. 

NiGE,-rz^,-z'rt, /. V. To run away, to flee 
away, to escape. Nige-chirii, to flee 
and scatter. Nige-dasu^ to flee out of, 
escape from, to leave. Nige-hashiru^ 
to flee away. Nzge-kakureru, to run 
and hide. 

NiGENAi,-/^/,-,^?/, a. Unlike, not resem- 
bling, not appearing to be like. 

NiGi-MGiSHii,-/^/, -/{■?/, a. Bustling, 
thronged, crowded and lively. 

NiGiRi,-rz<,-^/a, t. V. To grasp, or hold 
in the hand, to clutch, clinch, to gripe. 
Nigiri-shimeru, to squeeze tight in the 
hand, to grasp tightly, to clinch. 

NiGiRi, n. The hold, the place where 
the hand grasps the bow. 

NiGiRi-KOBUSHi, n. The clenched fist. 

NiGiRi-MESHi, n. Cold rice eaten by 
making it into a ball. 

NiGiTE, n. The cut paper hung up be- 
fore the Katni. 

NiGiWAi,-««,-^^a, i. V. To be crowded 
and bustling, thronged and lively. 

NiGi\VASHi,-j?<,-jfa, t. V. To make 
thronged, busy, active, or lively ; to 
relieve the sufferings of the people by 
giving supplies, or alms. 

NiGnvASHii,-/-/-y^z(:,a. Bustling, thronged 
and lively, crowded with busy people. 

NiGiwASHiSA, «. The bustle, stir, crowd- 
ed state. 

NiGiVAKA, n. Bustling, lively, crowded, 

NiGOKE, n. The hair of the body. 

Ni-GoN, n. Contradicting, or denying 
what one has said or promised previous- 
ly ; breaking or retracting one's word, 
repeating what one has said. 

NiGORi,-rz^-^i'a, i. V. To be muddy, 
turbid, not clear, impure. 

NiGORi, n. Turbid, not clear, impure. 

NiGORi-ZAKE, n. A kind of inferior sake 
in which the grounds have not been 
strained off. 

NiGOSHi,-j?^,-^a, caust. of Nigoru. To 
make turbid, to muddy. 

Ni-GURA, n. A pack-saddle. 

NiGUROME, n. Bronzed copper. 

Nl-HAN, n. (lit. two halves.) Hesitating 
between two, uncertainty, doubt, 
quandary, dilemma. — de koto ga iva~ 
kara-nai^ I am in a dilemma and don't 
know what to do. 

Nil, (atarashi^ (only used in compound 
words). New ; as Nii-makiira^ a new 
pillow, or sleeping together for the first 

Nii-SAN. KcoW.coTX'i. oi Anisan. Elder 

Niji, n. A rainbow. 

Ni-jiKi, n. Two meals a day. 

NijiMi,-w«,-«^rt, i. V. To spread or 
run, as a blot of thin ink, or oil. 

NijiRASE,-rz<,-^a, caust. of Nijiru. To 
cause to incline to one side ; to 
twist, to force in an oblique position ; 
to give a slant, to cant round. 

NijiRi,-r?<,-^/a, /. V. To be twisted or 
inclined to one side, to slant, canted ; 
to shove one's self along on the but- 

NijiRi-GAKi, n. A slanting mode of 

Ni-ju, a. Twenty. — zV/z/, twenty- 

Ni-ju. Twice, over again, double, second 
time. — ^rtwe", a double roof. 

NiKAi, «. The second story of a house. 

Ni-KATA, n. A cook. 

NiKAWA, n. Glue. Nika-wa-dzuke, 
gluing together. Nikawa-nabe, a 

NiKiBi, n. Pimples on the face, acne. 

Nikkei, n. Cinnamon, or cassia. 




NiKKi, n. A diary, journal. j 

NiKKO-TO-WARAi, -a«, -^^a, i. V. To i 
smile, to laugh in a suppressed way, to 
chuckle. I 

NiKKUWA, n. Daily work, daily task. I 

Ni-KOMi,-;««,-«f/«, t. z>. To boil into, to 
boil and incorporate one thing with an- 

NiKO-NiKO-TO, ad7i. Smilingly, pleas- 
antly, cheerfully. — wara?/, to smile. 

Ni-KOROSHi,-*K,-2fa, i. V. To boil to 
death, to kill by putting into boiling 
water. t 

NiKOYAKA, a. Smiling, gentle, cheerful, 
mild. . I 

NiKU, n. Flesh, meat. The coloring j 
stuff made of Nogusa saturated with 
ink, used for sealing, or stamping. 
Ushi no — , beef. Buta no — , pork. 
Shu — , red ink for stamping. Niku- 
iro^ flesh-color. Niku-jiki^ flesh-eater, 
carniverous. Niku-ten^ a meat-shop, 
a place where flesh is sold, butcher- 
shop. _ _ ! 

NiKU-Ai, n. The flesh, or condition of 
a person as to flesh. 

NiKUDZUKU, n. Nutmeg. 

NiKUGE-NA, n. Ugly, hateful, disagree- 
able to the sight, offensive. 

NiKUi,-y^z',-.^«,-j/iz', a. Hateful, odious, 
detestable, abominable ; affixed to the 
root of verbs it means, hard, difficult. 
Yomi-fiikui, hard to read. Kiki-ni- 
kui^ difficult or disagreeable to hear. 

NiKtiMARE,-r?/,-^rt, i. V. To be hated, 
disliked, detested, odious. 

NiKUMi,-;««,-«^a, t. V. To hate, dis- 
like, detest, abominate. 

NiKUMi, «. Hatred, dislike. 

NiKU-NiKUSHii, -/^/, -y^«, a. Hateful, 
odious, abominable, detestable, vil- 

NiKURASHn,->^/,-;(-z/,-M, a. Abominable, 
hateful, or odious. 

NiKU-Riu, n. A fleshy tumor, a wen. 

NiKU-so-NA, a. Having a hateful, vil- 
lanous, or detestable appearance. 

NiKU-TEi, «. A hateful or disgusting 
appearance, or form. — na mono. 

NiM-BETSi;, w. Registered as a citizen, 
registry of citizenship, census, citizen- 
ship, population. Mu — , without 
citizenship. Nimbetsu-chd^ the book 
in which the names of citizens are 
registered, census-roll. 

NiM-MEN. {.hito no kao,) n. Man's face, 
human face. 

Ni-MOCHi, n. A coolie who carries one's 
luggage in travelling, a porter. 

NiMONO, n. A soup made of beans or 

Ni-MOTSU, u. Baggage, luggage, goods 
in packages, mercnandize. 

NiM-Pi-NiN, (/ti^o ni shite hito ni ara- 
dzti). A man in appearance, but not 
in heart, a low fellow, a. yeia. 

Ni.N, (hito,) n. Man, person, /kit nin, 
how many persons ? 

Nix. n. Trust, office, duty, business. 

NiN, n. The kernel of a peach-stone, 
plumb-stone, etc. 

"NiNAi^-au^-tta. t. V. To carry with a 
pole across the shoulder. 

NiNAi, n. A bucket for canning water. 

NiNAi-Bo, n. A pole used for carrying 
burdens across the shoulder. 

NiNAW,\SE,-rz<,-/'a. caust. oi Ninau. To 
cause, order, or let another carry a load. 

NiNDo, 71. The honey-suckle, the Loni- 
cera japonica. 

Nix-DZL , (Jiito no kadzu^ n. The num- 
ber of persons, population, census. 

NiN-GARA. The kind or quality of man. 

NiN-GEN, «. Mankind, man, a human 

NiN-Givo, {hito no katachi^ n. A statue 
or image of a man, a doll, a puppet. 

Ni.N-Givo, n. A mermaid. 

NiNji,-^2?<rz^,-M, t. V. To appoint to, 
or invest with an office ; to commit or 
leave to the will of another, to confide 

NiN-jiN, n. Ginseng. 

NiN-jiN, «. The carrot. 

NiN-jo, (Jtito no kokoro^ n. The heart, 
feelings, or affections common to man ; 
humanity, kindness. 

Nix-jo, n. Fighting in a private quarrel, 
a duel. 

NiN-KuwAN. Investing with ofl5ce or 
title, appointing to office. 

NiN-NiKU, «. Garlic. 

NiN-SHiN, n. Pregnant, with child. 

NiN-so, ti. The physiognomy or expres- 
sion of the face. 

Nix-so-jA, n. A physiognomist, one who 
tells fortunes by examining the face. 

Nix-soKU, w. A coolie, or common labor- 

Ni-xusHi, n. The owner of goods, lug- 
gage or merchandize. 

Nix-vo. Pregnant. 

NiO, n. The widgeon. 

Nioi,-5,-^^a, i. V. To emit an odor, to 
smell, to perfume. 

Nioi, n. An ordor, scent, smell, frag- 
rance, an exhalation or effluvium. 

Nioi-BUKURO, n. A scent-bag. 

Nioi-w ATARI, -r«,-^/'a, i. v. To spread 
an odor or fragrance all about. 

NiovAKA, a. New and fresh in color, 




Nippon {hi no moto)^ n. Japan. — jin, 
a Japanese. 

NiRA, n. A leek. 

iiiK.\i,n,-fmt ,-Hda.^ t. v. To look fiercely 
or savagely at, to glare at. Nirami- 
au, to look fiercely at each other. Ni~ 
raini-tsu kerii y to look fiercely at, to 
glare at. Nirami-tsiDiicru^ to look at 
fiercely for some time. 

Nire, n. The Microptelea parviflora. 

Nirekani or Nerikami,-;;/?^,-/'^:, /. z/. To 
chew the cud, to ruminate as an ox. 

Ni-SAMASHi,-.iv/,-2'a, /. V. To set aside to 
c::ol after boiinj:. 

NiSE,-r?^,-/iz, t. 7'. To make like, to imi- 
tate, to counterfeit, to forge, falsify. 
Nise-g-ane, counterfeit money. Xise- 
kichigaiy feigned madness, counterfeit- 
ed insanity. A7jt'-;«.;'«^, a counterfeit, 
imitation, not genuine. 

Nishi, n. The west. 

Nishi, n. The name of a shell of the 
Buccinida genus. 

Nishiki, n. Brocade. 

Nishiki-gai, «. A species of cowry. 

Nishime, «, A kind of food, made by 
boiling together various kinds of vege- 

Ni-shu, n. Half an ichibu, pronounced 
in Yed. coll. Ni-shi.^ 

Ni-so-BAi, adv. Twice as much, two- 

NissHOKU, «. Eclipse of the sun. 

NiTARi,-r«, i. V. To be lik€, resemble, 

NiT-CHiu, «. Middle of the day, meri- 

NiTE, f>ost-posit. With, by, as cause, in- 
strument, or means ; in ; being, as it is, 
since it is. 

NiTEMO. Same as Demo. Ever, so ever. 
Doko — , wherever. Dare — , whoso- 
ever. Nani — , anything whatever. 

NiTORi-MAME, 71. A kind of confection- 

Ni-TSU.ME,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To boil to a 
thicker consistence. 

Niu' (iru). To enter. Niu-gakit^ enter- 
ing school, matriculating. Niu-kt^ 
outlay, expenses. Niu-ko^ entering 
port. Niu-vion^ becoming a disciple. 
Niii-satsii, handing in a bid or vote ; 
a vote, ballot, bid. Niu-shti, to come 
tn hand. Niu-td^ taking a hot bath. 
Niti-yo^ expenses, outlay. 

Niu, n. A crack, or rather the appear- 
ance of a crack in porcelain, or ivory. 

Niu-BAi, n. The rainy season in the fifth 

NiuQi, n. Chyle. 

NiUBi-KUWAN, n. The thoracic duct. 

Nii'-Bo, n. A pestle. 

Niu-HACHi, «. A mortar for pulverizing 

Niu-JAKU. Weak, feeble, frail, or deli- 
cate in constitution. — no Itito. 
NiUKo, n. Olibanum. 
NiURi-MiSE, n. A small refectory, or 

Niu-WA. Amiable, gentle, mild, meek. 

— na hito 
Niu-vo, n. Cancer of the breast. 
NiwA, «. A flower garden, a yard, a 

court-yard, compound. 
NiWAKA, a. Sudden ; unexpected. Ni~ 

waka-ni., suddenly, unexpectedly. 
NiWAKA, 71. A buffoon, clown. 
NiwATADZUMi, «. A puddle of water. 
NiwATATAKi, «. The wagtail. 
NiwATOKO, «. The Sambucus ebuloides. 
NiwATORi, >i. The domestic fowl, chicken. 
Nivv,\-TSUKURi, 71. A gardener. 
NiVAKE,-r2^ ,-/*«, i. V. To be delicate, 

effeminate, womanish in manners or 

NiVAWA,SHii,-/^/,-/^«, a. Alike, resem- 
bling, similar. 
NivE,-r«,-^rt, 1. V. Boiled, cooked by 

bailing. Niye-kayeru^ to boil up 

fiercely. Niye-koboreru., to boil over. 

Niye-iatsu, to bubble and boil up. 

Vn ga Tiiyetattara 77ioitekoi\ when the 

water is boiled bring it here. Niye- 

tagiru^ to boil. 
NiYO (o7tna). «. A woman, female. Ni~ 

yo-ni/i., a female. Ni'yo-s/ity a girl. 

Niyo-tei., a queen, empress. 
NivoBo, 71. Wife. 
NiYo-Do, 71. The urethra. 
Nivo-HACHI, n. Cymbals used in Bud- 
dhist tempies. 
NivoKi-NivoKi-TO, adv. Undulating, 

rising and falling, as the outlines of 

mountains, or as the motion of waves ; 

the appearance of many projections 

from an even surface. 
NivoRO-NivoRO-TO, adv . With a slow, 

zigzag, or undulating motion. 
^o^post-pos. Of. 
No, n. A wild, uncultivated region ; a 

moor, prairie, desert, wilderness. No- 

mic/ii., a road through a moor. 
No, 71. Breadth, or width of cloth, 

muslin, silk, etc. Hito Tto, one breadth. 

Itsii no buton, a quilt made of five 

breadths of cloth. 
No («w/), n. Pus, matter. 
No. n., The bamboo of which arrows 

are made, the shaft of an arrow. 
No {ta 7U0 tstikicru), «. Husbandry, 

farming, agriculture. No-fu. a farmer. 

No-giyd., husbandry. No-ji., agricul- 



ture. No-ka^ a farmhouse, the pea- I 
santry. No-tnin^ farmers. No-saku^ | 
farming. — gu^ farming tools. 

No, «. Skill, ability, cleverness, genius, j 
talent ; virtue, strength, or power, as 
of medicines. No nas/it^ without skill, I 
without virtue. No-doku, efficacious, 
or poisonous, the useful or hurtful pro- 
perties of medicines. No-gaki, an ad- 
vertisement of the virtues of a medicine. 

• No-kitsu^ a clever penman. No-sat, 
skill, cleverness. 

No, n. A kind of operatic performance 
consisting of music and dancing. — ya- 
kusha^ operatic performer. 

No, adv. Same as Naku. Not, not 
having, without. 

No, ti. The brain. — gai-kofsu., the 
skull. No-shinkei^ the nerves pro- 
ceeding from the brain. — biyo. dis- 
ease of brain. Dai-no., the cerebrum. 
S/td-fio, the cerebellum. 
' No-BAKAMA, K. A kind of trowsers 
gathered and tied at the knee. 

No-BARA, n. A moor, uncultivated tract 
of country. 

NoBASHi.-j«,-/rt, f. 7'. To stretch, to 
lengthen, to extend, to reach out; to 
continue or prolong the time ; to post- 
pone ; to spread, or smooth out, as the 
wrinkles or inequalities of anything. 

NoEE, n. A moor, a field. — no oAuri\ 
a funeral. Nobe-ckd., a register in which 
deaths are recorded. 

NoBE,-r.Y,-/rt, t. V. To tell, narrate, to 
state the particulars, to give an account 
of, to record. 

NoBE,-r?/,-2'ri, t. V. To stretch, extend, 
lengthen out, reach out ; to postpone, 
or prolong to some future time ; to 
spread out, to expand, to dilute. 

NoBE-GANE, n. Metal stretched by ham- 
mering ; money, the payment of which 
is extended beyond the time fixed. 

NoBE-HARAi, n. Paying by instalments 
or on credit. — de kau, to buy on 

No-Bi, n. A prairie fire. 

NoBi,-rw,-/'rt, z. V. To stretch, to extend, 
to reach, to grow, to expand, to enlarge, 
to spread, to be prolonged, or length- 
ened in_ time. Nobi-agaru, to stretch 
up one's self, as if to look. Nobi- 
chijimM, expanding and contracting, 
lengthening and shortening. 

NoBiKi, n. One who goes into the streets 
to draw guests into hotels, theatres, 
etc.. a runner. 

NoEi-NOBi, adz'. In an expanded man- 
ner, relieved from a feeling of gloom, 

NoBiRU, n. A kind of wild garlic. 

NoBiYAKA, a. Expanded, free from care 
or gloom. 

NoEORASHi,-«<,-/rt, caust. of Noboru. 
To make or let another ascend, or or- 
der to go up. 

NoBORi,-r«-^/rt, /. 7'. To go up, ascend, 
to rise. Nobori-kudan\ ascending and 
descending, rise and fall, up and down. 
Nobori-tsiimerii ^ to ascend to the high 
est point, or as far as possible. 

NoBORi, n. Flags raised at festivals, hav- 
ing the name of the god inscribed on 

NoBOSE,-r?<,-/«, i. V. To be light-head- 
ed, to have a feeling of fulness in the 
head, to be dizzy; to be giddy, wild, 
enthusiastic, or fanatical in opinions or 

NoBOSE, 71. A rush of blood to the head, 
dizziness, giddiness, light-headed, en- 

NoBOSHi,-j?<,-^rt, t. V. To make or let 
ascend, to send up, to raise ; to cut in 
raised figures, to emboss. 

No-BUDo, n. A kind of wild grape, Vilis 

No-BUSERi, 71. One who sleeps in the 
fields, a vagabond, beggar. 

No-BiSHi, 71. An outlawed Sa7nurai, a 
bandit, highwayman. 

NoCHi, a. and prep. After in time, the 
next. — 710 yo^ the next world. Sono- 
7iochi, after that. Koi:o-iiocht\ after 
this, hereafter. Nochi-ni., by and by, 
in a little while, afterwards. Nochi- 
dzure. second husband. Nccht-hi>dc\ 
by and by, after a little while. Nochi- 

■ kata., by and by, after a little. Nochi- 
zoye., second wife. 

NocHi, n. Descendant, lineage. Do-7io 
hito 710 — da^ whose descendant is he ? 

NoDACHi,-2'j«,-/i'a, i. V. To grow up. 

NoDACHi, n. A short sword worn in 

NoDO, 71. The throat. — no hiko^ the 
uvula. — ivokubirii^ to strangle. Ncdo- 
bone^ the hyoid bone. Nodo-btiye, the 

Nodok:.\, a. Clear, pleasant, cheerful 

NoDOhCE, 71. Sore throat, tonsilitis. 

Nodo-nodo, adv. Clear and pleasant 
bright and cheerful. 

NoDOVAKA, n. Same as Nodoka. 

NoDZuCHi, n. The name of a poisonous 

No-Dzui, n. The brain. 

No-DZURA, n. A boorish or brazen face. 

NoGARE,-r«,-M, t. V. To avoid, escape, 
to shun. 




NoGASHi,-j«,-i'<T, caust. of Nogeru. To 
cause to or let escape. 

NoGi, n. The beard of grain. 

No-ji. n. A road through a moor. 

NojiSA, n. The thistle. 

No-jUKU. Sleeping in the moor, camp- 
ing out in the fields. 

NoKE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To take away, to 
remove out of the way, to take or leave 
out of the number, to exclude, ex-cept. 

IIoKE-NOKE-TO, adv. Boldly, shame- 
lessly, unblushingly. 

NoKE-SAMA-Ni, adv. With the face up 

NoKEZORi,-r?/,-2'/'/a;, i. v. To bend back- 
wards, to fall backwards. 

NoKi,-/^«,-/Va, i. V. To withdraw, re- 
tire, to leave, go aside, depart from. 

NoKi, or NoKiBA, n. The eaves of a 

NoKKE, adv. Beginning, first. — «/, at 

Nakogiri, n. A saw. — rto ha., the 
teeth of a saw. — kudzu^ saw-dust. 

NoKORADZU, neg. of Nokoru. Not left, 
none remaining, all ; every one. 

NoivORi,-ri<,-z'^rt, /. V. To remain over, 
to be left over. Nokori-omou, to feel, 
or think of with regret, pain or sorrow. 

NoKORi, n. The remainder, residue, 
remnant, anything left over. 

NoKOSHi,-j?/,-/rt, /. V. To let remain 
over, to leave, to keep back, to spare, 
to save. 

NoMARE,-rz< ,-/"«, pass, or pot, of Ncntu. 
To be drunk, or swallowed. 

NoMASE,-r?^-M, caust. oi Nomu. Make 
or let drink, give to drink. 

NoMBENGURARi, H. Delay or procrasti- 
nating in doing what one has engaged 
to do. 

NoME-NOME-TO, adv. In an unconcern- 
ed, indifferent, careless or apathetic 
manner ; with effrontery. 

NOiMERi,-rw,-/i'a, z. v. To slip and fall. 

No.Mi, n. A flea. 

NoMi, n. A chisel. — no ha., the edge 
of a chisel. — no ye., the handle of a 

NoMi. adv. Only, nothing more. Sore 
— naradzti., not only that. 

"SoMi^-Mu.-fida, t. V. To drink, to swal- 
low. Nu7ni-hosu^ to drink anything 
dry. Nomi-komu., to swallow ; to per- 
fectly understand, or comprehend, to 
consent. Nomi-kiii ^ eating and drink- 
ing, food, victuals. Nomi-oku^ to drink 
before it is needed in prospect of future 
want. Nomi-sashi-m\ to stop drinking 
before one has finished. Tobako wo — , 
to smoke tobacco. 

No.Ml-GUCHi, n. A faucet, spigot. 
NoMiTE, «. A hard drinker. 
NoMi-TORi, «. A flea-trap. 
NoNDAKiRE, n. A drunk'ard. 
NoNDO, n. The throat. 
NoNKi, n. Clear and pleasant weather. 
NoNOMEKi,-/^«,-zVa, i. V. To be noised 

NoNOSHiRi,-r?^,-i'/'rt, t. V. To revile, to 

reproach, to rail at, swear at ; to abuse, 

to curse ; to speak loudly, angrily, or 


A name given to a drunk- 

i. A bald head, a smooth, 
; the trunk of a tree without 




round club 

NoppERi, adv. Even, or smooth in out- 
line, without irregularities or rough- 

NoPPiKi, n. Flight, withdrawal, escape. 
— jiaradzii., impossible to escape. 

Noppo, n. A big and clownish fellow, a 
boor, clown. 

Nora, n. A moor, field. 

Nora, n. Pleasuring, amusements, id- 
ling. — kaioai, fond of pleasure. 

Nora-klra. Wandering idly about, loaf- 
ing. — mono, an idler, vagrant, loafer. 

No-ran, {nayami-tiiidareru). Uncon- 
scious, comatose, or delirious from 
sickness or a blow on the head. 

No-REN, or NOREN, n. A small curtain. 

Nori, n. Paste made of ilour, starch, 
cement. Katana 110 — , the blood 
sticking to a sword. Nori-bake, a 
paste-brush. Norl-ire., a vessel for 
holding paste. Nori-ita, a board for 
making paste on. 

Nori, n. Law, rule, ordinance, doctrine, 

Nori, n. A kind of edible seaweed. 

Nori, n. Measurement, dimensions. 
Uchi-nori, the inside dimensions. .S",?- 
to-nori, the outside dimensions. 

NoRi,-r«,-^/'a, /. V. To ride, or be car- 
ried on anything ; to be placed or to 
lie on anything. No7-i-kakaru, to be- 
gin to ride ; to be committed to any- 
thing. Nori-kakern, to ride over or 
upon anything. Nori-kayerti., to 
change in riding from one horse to an- 
other, or one boat to another. Nori- 
ko!HU, to ride into. Nori-koyeru, to 
ride across or over, as a mountain. 
Nori-kumi., n. The company of per- 
sons in a ship, or carriage. Nori-via- 
zvasu, to ride around, or about. Nof i- 
viodosu, to ride back. Nori-siiterii., to 
stop and leave the horse or boat on 
which one has been riding. Nori-toru, 

NOR 196 

to enter and seize, to board and take 
possession of. No7-i-tsukeru^ to ride 
up to, to ride against. Nori-utsurii^ 
to change from one boat, horse, or 
chair, to another ; to possess or influ- 
ence, to take possession of as a spirit ; 
bewitch. Katsu-ni — , to be carried or 
urged on by victory. 

NoRi,-rz<,-z'rrt, t. V. To rail at, scold, 
abuse with vile or angry language, to 
curse, swear at. 

NoRi,-rK,-//a, 7. V. To bear fru.t, to 
grow, as fruit. Mi ga noru. 

NoRi-Ai, n. Riding together, going in 
company. — bune, a passenger boat. 
— de akinai wo suru^ to do business 
in partnership. 

NoRi-GAVE, n. A relay of horses. 

NoRiKi, n. A person inspired by a Ka/ni 
or Hotoke. 

NoRi-MONO, n. A thing to ride in, a se- 
dan chair. 

NoRO-zoME, «. The first ride of the new 

NoROi,-d,-dfa, t. V. To invoke evil 01 
curses on any one, to imprecate, curse. 

NoROi, n. Praying for evil upon others, 
a curse, imprecation. 

NoROi,-/^z,-/^«,-.f/4/, a. Slow, not fast; 
dull, sluggish in mind ; indolent, lazy. 

NoROKE,-r«,-^a, /. V. To be smitten, 
captivated, enchanted, or fascinated by 

NoROKE, n. Love, passion. 

NoROMA, n. A dolt, blockhead. 

NoRO-NORO-TO, adv. Slowly, lazily. 

NoRORi-TO, adv. Dull, stupid, idly, 
t,luggish, slow. 

NoROS.\, n. Sluggishness, slowness. 

NoROSHi, n. A signal rocket. 

NosABARi,-?-?/,-/^, /. V. To stretch one's 
self back, as from ennui ; to interrupt 
others, as in talking. 

NoSA-NOSA-TO, adv. Without noise, 

NosE,->-7/,-//a, t. V. To make, or let 
ride ; to place upon ; to record, to 
write in a book ; to hold, contain. 

NosHi, n. The piece of dried awabi 
which is always attached to a present. 

NosHi, n. A smoothing iron. 

No.SH^-j/^-^rt, t. V. To stretch, to ex- 
tend, flatten or smooth out. 

NosHi-AGARi,-r?/,-^/'a, i. V. To be ar- 
rogant, supercilious, overbearing, inso- 

No3Hi-iTO, «. The coarse silk reeled 
from the outside of the cocoon. 

Noso-Noso, or Nossori, adv. Without 
making a noise with the feet, softly, 


NoTAKURi,-r«,-^^d;, /. ?/. To writhe, 
wriggle, to twist about, as a wounded 

NoTAMAi,-rtM, i. V. To speak, to say,— 

only used of high personages. 
NoTAMAWAKL', Same as Notamau. Kd- 

shi no — , Confucius says. 
NoTARE-jiNi, «. Dying as an outcast in 

the streets or fields. 
NoTARi,-r«,-^^a, i. V. To creep, to 

crawl, move by winding and turning, 

like a snake. 
NoTARi-NOT.\Ri, adv. In a sauntering or 

lumbering manner. 
NoTARi-DE,-r/<,-z'rt, i. V. To wind one's 

way out ; to interrupt another in speak- 
NoT.\-rcHi-MAWARi,-rK,-^^a, /. v. To 

writhe about, to wallow, wriggle. 
NoTTO, «. A Sintoo praj'er. 
NoTTORi,-r«, (comp. of nori a rule, and 

toru). To set as an example or rule 

for imitation. 
Now.\K|, n. A violent autumnal wind, 

which throws down the crops. 
No-ZARASHi, n. Bones or a carcass left 

bleaching on the moor. 
NozEN'KADzuRA, «. The Bignonia gran- 

NozoKi,-/^/,-iVrt, /". 7'. To bend the 

head and look down, to look into, as a 

hole ; to peep through, to peer into. 
NozoKi,-/t«,-/Va, L V. To remove, to 

take away, do away with, to subtract, 

leave out of the number, to except, to 

abrogate, annul. 
NozoKi, n. A camera-obscura, a box in 

which pictures are looked at through a 

NozoKi, «. A light-blue color. 
'NozoMi,-mu,-nda, t. v. To desire, to 

hope for, wish for. 
KozoMi,-;««,-«^rt, i. V. To approach to, 

to be near to, to be at the point of; to 

look upon, to behold. 
Nozomi, n. Desire, hope, wish. 
Nu-BOKU, n. Man-servant, a slave. 
NuGASE,-r?<,-^a, caust. of A'ugu. To 

strip off the clothes of another, to make 

bare, denude. 
NuGE.-rz<,-i'rt, i. V. To be stripped oflf; 

take off, of clothes. 
NuGi,-^«,-zV/a, t. V. To take off, as 

clothes or covering ; to strip off, to 

bare, denude. Nugi-kakerti^ to take 

off and hang up, as a coat. Niigi-snte- 

ru^ to take off and cast away. 
NuGri,-2Z,-wz'rt t. V. To wipe. 
Nui,-2Z,-w/a, t. V. To sew, to stitch, to 

embroider. Nui-awaseru., to sew or 

stitch together. Nui-tsugu^ to splice 



or lengthen by sewing. Nui-tsukeru, 
to sew one thing on or to another, as a 

Nui, n. Embroidery, needle-work. 
Nui-HAKU, n. Embroidery. — suru, to 

embroider. — ya, an embroiderer. 
Nui-ME, r. A seam. 
Nui-MON, «. An embroidered crest or 

coat of arms. 
Nui-MONo, n. Embroidery, needle- 
Nui-TORI, n. Embroidery. 
Nui-ZARASA, «. Embroidery, ornamental 

NcKA, n. Rice-bran. 
NuKA, n. The forehead. 
NuKADZUKi,-/^z<,-zV«, z. V. To bow 

touching the forehead to the ground. 
NuKA-GAMi, n. The fore-lock. 
NuKA-KUGi, 71. A small tack. 
NuKA-Miso, «. A kind of pickle for 

NuKARi,-r«,-//a, /. V. To be muddy. 
NuKARi,-r«,-i'z'rt, /. V. To be remiss, 

inattentive, negligent, heedless, carer 

NuKARUMi, n. A muddy place, mud 

NuKASHi,-i-«,-^rt, t. V. To say, speak. 
NuKE,-r«,-^a, i. v. To be rooted out, 

drawn out, extracted. (/. v.) To pass 

through a narrow way, to steal out of, 

to slip away stealthily, to sneak out of, 

shulk out of. 
NuKE-AKiNAi, 71. Selling by stealth, 

clandestine trade, smuggling. 
NuKE-ANA, 71. A hole or passage-way by 

which the way is shortened, or for 

stealing out of a place; a tunnel, a 

passage-way through a hill or under 

NuKE-GAKE, n. Stealing a march on, 

forestalling others in the market. 
NuKE-GARA, 71. The cast-off skin of a 

snake, or shell of an insect. 
NuKE-iDE,-a'a?/r?/,-rt'(?/rz, i. v. To be 

loose and fall out of itself, as a nail 

from a decayed board ; to go out by 

stealth, to steal out, slink away. 
NuKE-.MAiRi, 7t. Stealing away from 

home and visiting the Miya o^ Se7isho- 

ko daijift in the Province of Ise., spoken 

only of a young person. 
NuKE-ME, «. Way or place for slipping 

NuKE-MiCHi, 71. A byway, a secret or 

concealed way. 
NuKE-MONO, >i. Stolen goods, especially 

such as are offered for sale. 
NuKE-Ni, 71. Smuggled goods, stolen 


Nuke-nuke, rt^?/. Clandestinely, stealth- 
ily, sheepishly. 

NuKi, 71. The woof; those syllables 
which end with the same vowel sound, 
and which are arranged crosswise in the 
table of fifty sounds. 

NuKi, 71. The stick that is passed 
through morticed holes in upright 
pieces of timber to keep them together, 

NuKi,-/^«,-:Va, t. v. To draw out, to 
take out, to extract, to root up, pluck 
out, to abstract. Nuki-atsu!7ieru^ to 
collect extracts from books ; to pluck 
up and collect. Nnki-awaseru, to 
draw and cross swords, as in the com- 
mencement of a combat. Nnki-dasii.^ 
to draw out, extract. Niiki-hanasit, to 
draw a sword out of the sheath, ro draw 
out and separate. Nuki-tosu, to pass 
through, to thread, to string. Nuki- 
tsiireru., to draw swords together, 
spoken of several persons. 

NuKi, 72. Extracting, an extractor, for- 
ceps, tweezers. 

NuKi-ASHi, «. Noiseless or stealthy steps. 

NuKi-DEWATA, 7t. Old cotton that has 
once been used for wadding clothes. 

NuKi-GAKi, 71. Extracts from books, an 
epitome, abridgement, or abstract of a 
book or writing. 

Ni;ki-mi, 71. The naked blade of a sword, 
spear, etc. 

NuKiNDE,-(fz«rz<,-/i3:, z. V. To excel, 
surpass, to out-do, to be distinguished, 
or eminent above others. 

NuKi-NUKi, adv. Extracting here and 
there from a book, or writing. 

NuKi-SASHi, 71. Taking out and putting 
in, extracting and inserting. 

NuKi-ucHi, 71. Drawing and striking 
with a sword. 

NuKi-UTSUSHi, 7t. A brief summary or 
abstract of a book or writing, an epi- 
tome, abridgment, synopsis. 

NuKUME-DORi, 71. A species of hawk. 

NuKUMERi,-rz<,-/r«, z". v. To keep warm, 
to warm. 

NuMA, 72. A marsh, swamp. 

NuME, 71. White satin. 

NuME-NUME, adv. Slippery, smooth, 
oily, glabrous, unctious. 

NLMERi,-r «,-//«, /. 7'. To be slippery. 

NuMERiN'Dzu, 71. White satin. 

NuNAWA, «. A kind of water plant, 
marsh mallow (?). 

NuNo, 71. Linen, grass-cloth. 

NuNOKO, 71. Padded winter clothes. 

NuNo-ME, 7t. The figure or impression 
like the meshes of cloth on paper, por- 
celain, etc. 


NuNOME-GAMi, ft. A kind of stiff paper 

used for book covers, stamped so as to 

appear woven. 
NuRA-NURA, adv. Slippery, smooth, 

glabrous, unctious. 
NL'RASE,-r;<,-^«, caust. of Nuru. To 

cause or let another paint, lacquer, or 


,-^a, /. V. To wet, to damp- 

NuRATSUKi,-/&«,-zV«. i. V. To be slij)- 
pery, smooth, oily, glabrous, lubri- 

NuRE,-r«,-^«, i. V. To be wet, damp, 
moist. Nure-toru^ to be wet or soaked 

NvRi.-m.-iia, t. v. To cover, besmear, 
or daub with anything ; to paint, to 
lacquer, to varnish, to plaster ; to blame, 
or charge another with a fault. Nuri- 
au, to daub or smear each other; to 
blame each other. Nuri-fiisagu, to 
close, or shut up with plaster, to var- 
nish or paint over. 

NuRi, n. Lacquering, varnishing, paint- 

NuRi-BON, «. A lacquered tray. 

NuRi-GOME, n. A fire-proof storehouse. 

NuRi-iTA, n. A lacquered board used as 
a black-board for making memorandums 

NuRi-MONO, n. Lacquered ware. 

NuRi-MONO-SHi, n. A lacquerer, varnish- 

NuRi-TSUKE,-r«,-^a, i. v. To paint, 
lacquer, varnish or plaster ; to daub, 

)8 OBA 

smear with anything adhesive or unc- 
tious ; to blame, or unpute a fault. 

NLRi-TSUKURAi,-a;<,-a^/rt, t. V. To re- 
pair by varnishing, painting, or plaster- 
ing ; to varnish over, to palliate, gloss 

Nl'ri-va, n. A house plastered out- 

NuRUDE, n. The Rhus semialata, the 
tree which produces the fushi., or 
Japanese galls. 

NuRUi,-/^/,-^?<,-j/zz', a. Lukewarm, mo- 
derately warm, tepid ; lazy, stupid, 

NLRUMi,-?««,-««/a, /. V. To be tepid, 

NuRU-NURL-TO, udv. Slippery, smooth, 

NuRUSA, n. Tepidity, lukewarmness. 

NuSHi, n. Master, owner. 

NusHi-VA, n. A lacquerer, varnisher, 

Nusu-BiTO, n. A theft, robber. 

NusuMi,-;««,-«rfrt, t. V. To steal, pilfer, 
to rob. Nusumi-dastt, to take out by 
stealth, to steal out. Nusumi-toru^ to 

NusuMi, n. Theft, stealing, robbery. 

NuTA, n. A kind of sauce. 

NuTA, «. Plaster or mud mixed with 
straw for plastering. 

NuTTO-DE,-r«,-^ij, z. V. To slip out, to 
spring out suddenly. 

NuwASE,-r«,-^«, caust. oiNui. To make, 
order, or let another sew. 

O, n. A species of hemp. 

O, n. The tail. O no saki, tip of the 
tail. O-tsutsu^ the bag for a horse's 

O, n. The string, thong, or cord with 
which any part of the dress is fastened. 

0\ n. A male. Me o^ female and male. 
0-tori^ a male bird. 

O. An honorable prefix in addressing, or 
in speaking respectfully of another ; as, 
O-kaiiii-san, in speaking to, or of the 
wife of another. 0-isha san^ the doc- 

O. A diminutive prefix. 0-bune^ a little 
boat. O-guruDia, a little wagon. O- 
gushi, a little comb. 

0. Going, used as a numeral, in count- 
ing times of seeing, hearing or doing. 
Ichi-o kiite iva zvakaranai, I do not 
understand it by hearing it only once. 

O. Exclamation in answering a call, an 

O, n. A king, chief ruler. 

O, a. Great, large, — only used as an 
amplifying prefix. (9-«w^, a heavy 
rain. (9-rtrrtj'ii', a violent storm, a 
gale, hurricane. 6>-ar^, a violent storm 
of wind and rain. 

0-ANi, n. Eldest brother. 

0-ANE, M. Eldest sister. 

0-AZAMi, n. A thistle. 

Oba, n. Aunt. 




O-BA, n. Grandmother. 
O-BAA-SAN, n. An old woman. 
O-B.AKO, u. THe Plantago major. 
0-BAKU, «. The name of a medicine, 

and dye-stuff. 
0-EAN, n. The name of an ancient gold 

Obana, «. A kind of tall grass. 
Ob.ashima, n. Balustrade, or railing. 
Obekka. — wo illy to flatter. 
OBi,-ru,-ia, i. V. To carr}' in the belt, 

to gird on, to wear ; to have, to include, 

to carry, to contain, to exhibit, to hold. 
Obi, n. A belt, girdle, or sash worn 

around the waist, 
OBiKi,-/t«,-//a, /. V. To decoy, to lure, 

entice, or lead by artifice or decep- 

Obi-shlme, n. A narrow belt. 

Obi-shit.a, n. The part of the body un- 
der the belt, the waist. 

OBiT.ADASHii,--l-/,-/&«,-zZ,-.s-a, a. Great, 
many, great in quantity or violence, 

OBiYAKASHi,-jM,-^a, t. V. To frighten, 
to scare, to alarm, terrify. 

0BiYE,-r«,-2'a, i. V. To start in alarm or 
surprise ; to start, jerk, as in disease. 

Oboko, n. A young boy or girl, a child. 

OBORE,-r?^,-/«, i.y. To be submerged, 
immersed, to sink ; absorbed in, ad- 
dicted to. 

Obore-jini, n. Drowned. 

Oboro, a. Not clear or bright, clouded, 
obscured, dusky, dim. Oboro-dzukiy a 
clouded moon. 

Oboroge-na, a. Dim, clouded. 

Oboshii,-/'z,-/^?/, a. Thinking or sup- 
posing to be, take to be, appeared to 

Oboshimeshi,-^-?/^,-^^, t. V. To think, 

Oboshimeshi, m. Thought, opinion, sen- 

OaoTSVKxn \\,-ki ,-kUy-s/ii\ a. Doubtful, 
uncertain, not sure, dubious. 

OBOYE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To know, to re- 
member, to perceive, to feel, to learn, 
to practice. Oboye-chigati^ to mistake 
in remembering. 

Obove, n. Memor5\ 

OuovE-CHo, 71. A memorandum book, 
note book. 

OBUi,-zZ,-?7^rt, t. V. To carry on the 
back, — as a child. 

Obune, n. A little boat. 

OBt.'WARE,-r«,-^a, z. V. To be carried on 
the back. 

OBUWASE,-r?<,-z'a, caust. of obiti. To 
put a child on the back of another, to 
cause^ or let carrj' on the back. 

0-CHAKU, a. Unprincipled, dishonest, 
knavish, lazy. Ockakii-mono^ a 

OcHi, n. The pride of India, a species 
of Melia. 

OcHi,-r«,-/a, i. V. To fall, to drop 
down ; to leave, to run away, to flee ; 
to fall away, to fall off, decline ; to mis- 
take ; to die, only of birds, fish, or ani- 
mals ; to strike, as lightning; to lull, 
as the wind ; to fade ; to be omitted by 
mistake. Ochi-aic^ to meet, or come 
together without previous concert. 
Ochi-atsumarii^ to escape and after- 
wards come together. Ochi-bureru^ to 
to fall from prosperity into poverty, to 
become bankrupt, insolvent. _ Ochi- 
ch/ru, to fall and scatter ; to give way 
and scatter, as an army. Ochi-ir-u^ to 
fall into, to be entrapped. Ochi-kaka- 
ru, to be on the point of falling, ready 
to fall ; to fall and strike. Ocki-kasa- 
narUy to fall and pile up one on the 
other, as leaves. Ochz-komu^ to fall 
into. Ochi-kuhomUy to sink, cave, or 
fall in, as the earth. Ochi-tsukerUy to 
calm, quiet, settle, tranquilize ; set at 
rest, to level, make smooth or even. 
Ochi-tsuku, to become quiet, calm, set- 
tled, tranquil, composed ; to stop, set- 
tle down in a place, to become still or 
at rest. Ochi-use7-u^ to lose by deser- 
tion, or by the fight of soldiers. 

OcHi, n. A fall, omission. 

OcHi-.A.!, n. The confluence, or junction 
of two rivers. 

OcHi-BA, n. A fallen leaf. 

OcHiDO, «. Error, fault, mistake, omis- 

OcHi-FUDA, n. A vote, ballot, bid. 

OcHi-KATA, 71. There, yonder, the other 

: and there, far 

side, far side. 

and near. 

OcHi-M.\, 71. An open space or court in 
a Japanese house, for the purpose of 
light and ventilation. 

OcHi-MusHA, 71. A runaway, or an es- 
caped soldier, deserter. 

OcHi-TSUKi, 71. Calmness, composure, 
tranquility, peace and quietness. 

OcHi-LDO, 7j. One who has fled, or es- 
caped from war, a runaway. 

Oda.maki, 71. A spool of yarn. 

0-DAN, 71. Jaundice. 

ODATE,-rz«,-/«, t. V. To stir up, insti- 
gate, rouse up, animate, incite, encour- 

Odate, 71. Instigating, inciting, stirring 


Trespassing or encroaching 

ODA 2 

upon the rights or possessions of an- 
other, usurping. 

Odayaka, a. Calm, quiet, tranquil, still, 
serene ; free from agitation. 

0-DO, «. A kind of yellow paint. 

O-Do, a. Unprincipled, knavish, dis- 
honest. , — tnono^ a dishonest fellow, 

ODOKE,-ra,-/a, /. v. To be comical, 
funny, droll, to joke, jest ; to be witty, 
facetious or humorous. Odoke-bana- 
shiy a facetious story. Odoke-shibai^ a 

Odoke, n. Drollery, fun, wit, jest, face- 
tiousness, antics. 

Odomi, n. The settlings, or deposit 
which settles at the bottom of a liquid, 
dregs, sediment, lees. 

ODOMi,-;««,-wt/rt, /. v. To settle, to fall 
to the bottom of liquids. 

Odo-odo, adzi. Trembling with fear. 
— shite kuchi mo kiki~ye-nai. 

ODORASHi,-i-«,-^a, caust. of Odori. To 
cause to dance. 

ODORi,-rw,-/'i'a, z. V. To dance, to jump 
up and down, to leap and frisk about, 
to skip, prance, to caper about. Odori- 
agaru^ to jump, or spring, or skip up. 
Odori-koyeru^ to jump or skip across. 

Odori, n. A dance ; the fontanelle in 
an infant's head. 

Odori-komi, 71. A person who forces 
into houses to rob ; a house-breaker. 

Odoro, n. A place over-grown with 
brambles, a thicket. 

Odo-rokashi,-su ,-ta, caust. of Odoroku. 
To astonish, to surprise, to amaze ; to 
scare, to frighten, to startle. 

Odoroki,-^«,-zV^, i. V. To be aston- 
ished, surprised, amazed ; startled with 
fright, or alarm. 

Odoro-odoroshii,-/^/,-/^z<, a. Startling, 
alarming, fearful, surprising. 

Odoshi,-^?^-/'^, /. V. To make afraid, 
frighten, to scare, alarm, to terrify by 
threat or menace, intimidate. 

OposHi, n. Fright, fear, consternation, 

ODOSHi,-vf?/,-^rt, t. V. To sew or fasten 
together the metal plates of a coat of 

Odoshi, n. The cord used for connect- 
ing the plates of armor together, 

Odzu-odzu-to, adv. With fear, alarm, 
or apprehension. 

0-DZUTSU, n. A cannon, great-gun, ar- 

0-FV,a Haughty, arrogant, supercili- 
ous, proud, insolent, extravagant, prod- 

O-FUKURO, n. Mother. 

)0 OI 

0-GA, n. A large saw. — kitdzu, saw- 

Oga, «. A kind of reel for reeling silk. 

Ogami,-;//«, nda, t. v. To worship, to 
adore, to look up to. 

Ogami-ichi, «. A downward blow with 

■ a sword, with the body bending for- J 
wards like one worshipping. 

O-GARA, n. The sticks of hemp, after 
the bark has been stripped off. 

O-GAVVA, n. A rivulet, or small stream 
of water. 

0-gi, n. A fan, - one that opens and 
shuts. — no hone., the stays of a fan. 
Ogi-ya^ a fan store or fan maker. 

0-Gi, «. The profound, or most difficult 
parts of an art or science, the mysteries. 

OGiNAi,-aM,-rt//a, t. V. To make up a 
deficiency or loss, to repair, to restore, 
to mend, to make good. 

Oginai, n. Repairing, restoring, recup- 
eration. Oginai-gusiiri., tonic medi- 

O-GTYo, a. Audacious, impudent ; inso- 
lence, rudeness. 

Ogon, a. Gold. 

0-GON, n. Scull-cap, a species of Scutel- 

Ocoiii,-ru ,-tta, i. v. To be stubborn or 
obstinate, as a horse ; to 

OGORi,-rM,-^^a, t. V. Given to extrava- 
gance, luxury, sumptuousness, or gran- 
deur in living ; to live in splendor. 

Ogori, n. Extravagance, luxury, or 
splendor in living. 

Ogosoka, a. Strict, rigid, firm, grave, 
majestic, solemn. 

0-guchi, n. Obscene or filthy talk. — 
zW, an obscene person., n. The sunflower. Inula Ja- 

Ogus.-ii, n. The hair. 

Ohamoji, n. Shame, ashamed. 

Ohaguro, n. The black stuff used to 
blacken the teeth. 

Ohavo, interj. Good morning. 

0-han, n. Chlorosis. 

O-hari, n. A seamstress. 

0-HEi, a. Arrogant, supercilious, contu- 
melious, insolent. 

0-HEN, {yu/ci kayeri). Going and com- 

Ohiya, n. Cool water, — for drinking. 

OHIYARAKASHI,-JZ/,-/rt, t. V. To jokc, 

play or sport with, to play tricks on, 

befool, hoax. 
Ohiye, n. A padded coat. 
Oi, n. Nephew. 
Oi, n. A kind of box with feet, used for 

carrying burdens on the back. 
Oi,-ru,-ia, i. v. To grow old. 




Oi, n. Old age. 

Oi, oil or dru, dita, t. v. To grow or 
shoot up,— as grass. 

Oi, ou^ ota, t. V. To cover, to screen, 
shade, to hide, conceal. 

Oi, <?«, ota^ t. v. To carry on the back, 
to owe ; to charge, impute or throw 
blame on another. 

O;, ou^ ota, t. v. To pursue, to chase, 
to drive, to follow ; to imitate. Oi-da- 
f«, to drive out. Oi-hanatsii^ to drive 
away, to expel. Oi-harau^ to drive 
off, drive away, or expel, as something 
annoying or hurtful. Oi-hashirasu^ 
to pursue and cause another to run. 
Oi-kakeru^ to drive on, to set on. Oi- 
kayesu, to drive back. Oi-komti, to 
drive into. Oi-kosu, to drive across or 
over, as a mountain ; to pursue and 
pass. Oi-kudasu^ to drive down. Oi- 
vtakuru, to drive with violence, to pur- 
sue furiouslj^ or hotly. Oi-niawaru^ 
to pursue all about, to follow around. 
Oi-maivasic, to drive round or about. 
Oi-nokeru^ to drive away. Oi-taterii^ 
to drive away, or expel from a place, 
not allow to be or dwell in a place. 
Oi-tsiikau^ to drive persons who are 
employed, to urge or force to work. 
Oi-tsuku^ to pursue and come up with, 
to overtake. Oi-tsuvteru, to drive into 
a confined place, to drive and hem in, 
to corner. Oi-yaru^ to drive oflF, to 
drive away. 

Oi, n. Something given to boot. Tc/ti- 
bu — "WO utsu^ to give an ichi-bu to 

Oi,-ki^-ktt,-shi, a. Many, numerous. 

Oi-ATSUME,-r«,-/^«, /. V. To drive to- 

Oi-BARA. — wo kirUy to commit suicide 
in order to follow a deceased master. 

Oi-BORE,-r?<,-2'a, i. V. To become child- 
ish with age, to be in one's dotage, de- 
crepit. Oi-bore-me^ a dotard. 

OiDE (comp. of o polite, and ide^ the root 
form of idem ; used only as an impera- 
tiqe, or joined to the sub. verb). Come, 
go. Doko ye oide-nasaru, where are 
going? (2). To be. Damatte oide^he 
silent, or don't tell. Doko ni oide na- 
saru, where do you live ? Otonashikii 
shite oide yo^ be good, — to a child. 

OiDO, n. The buttock, posteriors. 

Oi-HAGi, «. A highwayman, robber, 

Oi-KAKE, n. The cords by which the 
cap or bonnet is fastened to the head. 

Oi-KAKLSHi,-j?<,-/'<:z, t. V. To cover and 
hide, conceal, cloak. 

Oi-KAZE, n. A driving wind, a fair wind. 

] Oi-ME, n, A debt. 

Oi-NARU, a. Large, great, big. 

Oi-oTOSHi, «. A highwayman, robber, 

OiRA, pro. I. — "wa iya da^ I wont. 

Oi-oi, adv. Gradually, by degrees. 

OiRAKU, «. Old age. 

Oi-SHiGERi,-r«,-^a, /. I'. To grow up 

OiSHii,-/^/,-^-?/, a. Pleasant to the taste, 
sweet, delicious. Ois/iiku nai., not 
pleasant to the taste. 

OiSHiSA, n. Deliciousness or pleasant- 
ness of taste. 

Oi-TACHi, H. Bringing up, growing up, 

OiTE, n. A fair wind. 

OiTK,post-/>osit. (always preceded by ni). 
In, in respect of, in the case of, as to, 
in regard to. Kono tokoro 7ii — , in 
this place. 

Oi-ucHi, n. Pursuing and killing. 

Oi-w.\KE, 71. A forked road. 

Oi-vo.ME. n. Nephew's wife. 

Oji, n. Uncle. 

Oji, 7t. Grandfather. 

0]i.,-7ir2c or dzuru,-ia, i. v. To accord 
with, agree, suit, correspond ; to be 
proper, meet, appropriate, becoming ; 
to respond to, to comply with, to 

0]i, -ru,-ta, i. V. To fear, dread. Oji-' 
onottoku, to tremble with fear. Oji~ 
osoreru, to fear, dread, to be in terror. 
Oji-ivananaku , to tremble with fear. 

OjiKE,-r«,-2'«, i. V, To be afraid, terri- 

OjiiCE, n. Fear, dread, terror. — ga 
tsieku, smitten with fear. 

OjiME, 71. A slide on the strings of a 
bag or pouch to fasten it. 

0-jiTSU, n. Past days, days gone by. 

Oka, «. A bill. 

Oka, n. Land, the base or starting place 
in a play. 

Okaeo, 71. Hill or upland rice. 

Okadzu, 71. Anything eaten with rice. 

0-kage, n. Kindness, help, influence, 
favor, grace. 

Okami, 71. A wolf. — nto7to, a cunning 
fellow, knave, rogue. 

0-kan, 71. The chill, the cold stage of 

Okappiki, n. A secret policeman, a spy, 

OKASE,-r?^,-^«, caust. of oku. To cause 
or let lay, to make another put down. 

OKASHi,-i-»,-^rt, t. V. To attack, seize by 
violence ; to violate, to offend against, 
transgress, to usurp ; to encounter fear- 
lessly, to dare, brave, defy. 

OKA 2 

OKASHn,-/t/,-/tM, a. Laughable, ludi- 
crous, funny, odd, singular. 

Okashisa, n. Ludicrousness, oddity. 

0-KATA, adzi. For the most part, mostly, 
chiefly ; perhaps, probably, most likely. 

0-K.\ZE, n. A gale, tempest, typhoon. 

Oke, n. A bucket, tub, pail. Oke-ya^ 
a cooper. 

OKENAi,-/^/,-/^?<,-j/iz", a. Courageous, 

Okera, n. The Atractylodes lancea. 

Okeru, post-pos.^ same as Oite. In re- 
spect of, in regard to, in the case of, 
as to. 

Okftsu, n. Bad blood. 

Oki, n. The wide sea, or far off at sea. 

Oki, n. Coals of fire, live coals. 

Oyii.-ku,-ita, t. T. To place, to put, to 
lay down ; to set, to fix, settle ; to let 
be, let alone, to leave ; to let rest, to 
except or leave out of the number. 

OKi,-/f« or tru,-ta^ i. ?'. To rise up 
from a recumbent position, to awake, 
to arise from sleep, to get up. 

OKi-AGARi,-r?<,-^/a, z. V. To rise up from 

Oki-agari-koboshi, n. A toy which 
always turns head up. 

Oki-a\, -a u,-atta^ t. v. To be mutually 
reserved, or restrained. 

Oki-btrushi, n. Old and spoiled from 
being kept too long. 

Oki-doicoro, n. A resting or stopping- 
place, a place for putting anything. 

Oki-fushi. n. Awake or asleep, lying 
down or rising up. 

Oki-cotatsu, «. A kind of movable 

^■KW-kiy-ktc^-shi^ a. Large, big, great. 
Okiku suru, to make large. 

Oki-mi.'VGE, n. A present made on leav- 

Okixa, n. An old man. 

Oki-na, a. Large, big, great. 

Okinagusa. n. The Chrysanthemum. 

Oki-ni, adz>. Greatly, much. 

OKiNORi,-rz<,-^/^, ^. T'. To pawn, to 
borrow money by pawning or pledging 

Okisa, n. The bigness, size. — wo dono 
kiirai, how large is it ? 

Okite, 71. Law, enactment, decree, sta- 
tute, ordinance. 

Okite-dori, n. Lawful, according to law. 

Oki-tsuke, n. Fixture, anything belong- 
ing to, or part of a house. 

Oki-zari, n. Leaving and going away, 
desertion of one's family, forsaking. 

Okkaa, n. Mother. Okkaasan. 

Ok-kai, 71. Promotion to rank above the 
one next in order, by skipping over. 


OKKAKE,-r«,-/fa, t. V. To pursue, to 

OKKANAGARi,-r«,-^^a, i. V. To be timid, 

OKKANAi,-^?,-,^»,-fAi, a. Afraid, fearful. 

OKKAYESHi,-j«,-/a, /. V. To drive back. 

OKKOCHi,-rM,-^a, i. V. To fall, to fall in 
love with. 

Okkochi, «. A lover. 

OkkO, n. Difficult, tedious^ — ni suru, 
to magnify the difficulties of anything. 

Oko, ft. A pole for carrying burdens. 

Oko, a. Vain, conceited, foolish, silly, 
ridiculous, absurd. 

OKOGAMASHn,-,^/,-,i-w. Ridiculous, ab- 
surd, or silly in manner or appearance. 

OKO'SAi.-ajc.-atia, t. v. To perform, to 
do, to execute, to practice, to observe. 

Okonai, «. Actions, conduct, doings. 

OKONAWASE,-ri<,-/'rt, caust. of oko/tai. 
To cause to do or perform. 

OKORl,-r?/,-/'/a, /. ;:/. To arise, to ori- 
ginate, issue, to break out ; to be ex- 
cited, provoked, angry. 

Okori, 71. The rise, origin, cause ; anger, 

Okori, n. Intermittent fever, ague. 

OKOSHi.-j«,-^a, t. V. To excite, rouse 
up, stir up, cause to begin, raise up, set 
up anything lying down or fallen over, 
to cause. 

OKOSHi,-j«,-2'a, t. V. To send. 

Okoshi, n. A kind of confectionery made 
of parched rice and sugar. 

OKOTARi,-r?/ ,-//«, t. V. To be negligent, 
to neglect, to be careless, remiss, or 
lazy in doing. 

Okotari, 71. Negligence, laziness, remiss- 
ness, carelessness. 

Oku, adv. Many, numerous. — narUy 
to become numerous. 

Oku, n. One hundred thousand ; ac- 
cording to some, ten thousand times ten 
thousand, or a hundred million. 

Oku, 71. The back, or the innermost part 
of anything, or most remote from the 

Oku. — suru, to be afraid, cowardly, 
backward, ashamed. 

Oku-ba, n. The back teeth, molars. 

Okubi, 71. Belching, eructation. — wo 
suru.^ to belch. 

Okubi, «. The gore sewed into the front 
of a Japanese Kimo7io. 

Okubivo, 71. Cowardice, timidity. 

0KU-BUKAi,-4-/,-/^«,-j/i?, a. Far back, 
deep, profound, obscure. 

Oku-gaki, 71. The writing at the end of 
a Japanese or Chinese book. 

Oku-gata, 71. Wife. 

Oku-gi, 71. The most important, moSt 




profound, abstruse, or difficult parts of a 
scienc'i or art ; the mysteries. 

Oku-i, n. The most abstruse, recondite, 
or profound meaning of a subject. 

OKLKE,-r«,-^a, i. V. To be behind, to 
fall behind ; to be late, slow, or tardy ; 
to be behind, or inferior to in abili- 

Okure, imp. of KurerUy to gire, with 
O polite. Mite okure, let me see. 
Tempo okure, gire me a tempo. 

Okure, «. Behind, inferior; backward- 
ness, fear, cowardice ; faint-hearted. — 
wo toru, to be inferior, to be behind in 

Okuke-base, n. Being late or behind- 
hand to run or hurry. 

OKLrRi,-rz/,-^/rt, t. V. To send ; to ac- 
company, or attend a guest a short dis- 
tance on his departure ; to leave, as at 
death ; leave behind ; to present, gire 
as a present, to confer, bestow ; to pass 
the time, to live ; to recompense. 

Okuri, «. Sending, accompanying ; a 

Oki Ri-DASHi,-j-?/,-^«, t. V. To send out 
or away, dismiss, to go along with a 
guest for a short distance. 

Okuri-j6, n. A memorandum, or list of 
articles, sent along with the articles ; an 

Okuri-mono, n. A present. 

OivURI-mukai, n. Accompanying a guest 
on his departure, or going out to meet 
him when he comes. 

Okuki-na, «. A posthumous title, or 
name given after death. 

Okuri-tegata, n. A passport or docu- 
ment certifying to one's birth and citi- 

Oku-sama, n. Wife. 

OiCV-soKO-NAi,-k/,-ku, a. Open, frank, 
without concealment or disguise ; in- 
genuous, candid. 

Okute, n. Late rice. 

Okuvukashii,-/&/,-/&«, a. Profound or 
erudite, exciting admiration. 

Oku-vuki, n. The depth or dimension 
from front to rear. 

O.MAHAN,/r;7. You. 

Omaka-na, a. Magnanimous, generous, 

Omaice-ni, adT. Moreover, besides. 
Omamma, «. Boiled rice. 
Omanko, n. The vulva. . 
Omaru, n. A wooden utensil used as a 

water-closet by children. 
O.MAVE, ^rtf. You. — gata,\6.. — sati, 

Omba, n. A wet-nurse. 
OiM-BEN, {koye no taori), n. Contracting 

the pronunciation of words, in order to 
easy utterance or euphony. 

O.M-BiN, n. In a private or quiet way, to 
hush up a matter. — ni suru, to hush 
up a matter so as not to become public, 
or to settle a matter peaceably or pri- 

Om-b6, n. The person whose business it 
is to burn the bodies of the dead. 

OME,-ru,-ta, i. V. To be cowardly, timid, 
ashamed. Omedzti-oktisedzu, without 
shame or fear. 

0-MEi, (^kegaretaru na), n. A bad name, 
foul reputation. 

OMEKi,-/&M,-iVa, i. V. To make a great 
outcry or confused noise ; to cHmor, to 
shout, halloo. Ofiieki-sakebu., to make 
a great clamor and noise. 

Ome-mushi, «. The wood-louse. 

O.ME-OME-TO, adv. In a bashful or crest- 
fallen manner. 
. 0-MiDZU, tt. An inundation. 
j 0-mike, n. The boiled rice offered to the 

Ominameshi, n. The name of a flower. 
I 0-MJSOKA, n. The last day of the year. 

Ommitsl', n. A secret ; a spy. — naru 
koto, a secret affr ir. 

Omo, a. Heavy, weighty, important, 
principal, chief. — yaku7iin, the chief 
officer. Oino-ni, a heavy burden or 
load. Omo-ya, the main building. 

Omo, n. The face, the surface. 

Omo-buse, n. Ashamed, mortified, crest- 

Omocha, n. A toy, play-thing. 

Orio-dachi, n. The form of the face, the 
features, countenance. 

0'u\ov>\Qn\,-tsu ,-tta, i. v. To be chief in 
authority, to be high or principal 
amongst officials. 

Omodaka, n. A kind of water-plant. 

Omo-de, n. A seivere wound. — wo o, 
to receive a severe wound. 

Omo-dochi, n. Persons of the same mind, 
or holding the same opinions. 

Omogai, «. A bridle. 

Omo-gawari, n. Alteration or change in 
the face, — as by age. 

OMO-HAYUi,-ki,-ku, a. Bashful, diffident, 

Oi.\o\,-ki ,-ku ,-shi , a. Heavy, weighty, 

severe, important, eminent. 
Oi,\^\,-ou,-dta, t. V. ■ To think, suppose, 
consider, regard ; to think or be anxious 
about, Icngafter; to desire, wish; to care 
about, to mind ; to love, to feel. 0>nd- 
iiiajua ni, as one desires or pleases. 
Omo-sajna ni, as one pleases, or to the 
heart's content. 
Omoi, n. Thought, expectation, care, 



anxiety. — no hoka, unexpected, or 
different from what was expec ed. — no 
mama^ as one expects, or wishes. 

Oy^oi-w^-au^-atta^ i. v. To regard each 
other with affection, to think of each 

OMOi-A.MARi,-a«,-^j'a, i. V. Unable to 
restrain one's feelings of love, anger, or 
hatred ; overcome by feeling. 

OMOi-ATARi,-rw,-//'a, /. V. To be struck 
with the thought, to come suddenly 
into the mind, to bethink one's self. 

OMOi-AYAMARi,-^M,-^^rt, t. V. To mistake 
in what one thinks of anything, to mis- 

Omoi-ba, n. The beautiful feathers on 
the back of certain wild fowls, as the 
duck, pheasant, etc. 

Omoi-bito, n. One much thought of, one 
loved, or cared for. 

OMOi-CHiGAi,-a7/,-^^a, /. V. To differ or 
mistake in what one thinks, to misap- 

O.MOi-DASHi,-jz<,-^a, i. V. To recollect, 
to bring to mind, to remember ; to think 

OMOi-GAKE-NAi,-y^z,-/4-«, a. Unexpected, 
unthought-of, unlooked-for, incidental, 

Omoi-go, n. A much-thought-of child, 
a beloved child. 

Omoi-goto, n. Care, anxiety, trouble. 

Omoi-gusa, n. A loved plant ; subject, 
or matter for thought, care, or anxiety. 

O.MOI-KAMAYE,-r«,-^<:Z, t. V. To think 
of and be prepared for, to anticipate. 

OMOi-KAVESHi.-j«,-^a, t. V, To think 
over again, to reconsider. 

OMOi-KiRi,-r«-i'i'(^j, t.v. To cease think- 
ing about, to make up one's mind, to 
have no more care or anxiety for. 

OMOi-KOMi,-;«2/,-«^rt, /. V. To entertain 
the opinion, to be under the impression, 
for some time to be thinking of. 

OMOi-KOSHi,-f«,-^rt, t. V. To anticipate, 
to fancy, or be anxious about something 
that may happen in the future. j 

OMOi-MAWASHi,-j7/,-^rt, /. V. To rcvolve 
in the mind, to reflect on. | 

Omoi-meglrashi,-j«,-/«, t. V. To re- ■ 
fleet, ponder, or turn over in the 1 

O.MOI-MIDARE,-r7<,-/<T, t. V. To think ' 
and be perplexed, confused, distracted 
about. j 

OMOi-.M6KE,-rM,-M, i.v. To think of 1 
beforehand and be prepared for, to de- 
vise or frame in the mind. | 

0MOi-N'AOSHi,-f«,-^a, t. V. To reconsider, 
10 think better of, to alter one's opinion 
about. I 

Omoi-nashi, n. Fancy, conceit, imagina- 
tion, opinion, theory. 

Omoi-nokoshi,-j7^,-^«, ^. z'. To feel sor- 
row, regret, care, or anxiety after an 
event has passed. 

O.MOi-OKi,-/t«,-zVa, /. V. To have any- 
thing on the mind, to dwell upon in 

Omo-ire, adv. As much as one wishes, 
or to one's heart's content ; opinion, 
supposition, according to one's mind. 

O.MOi-SADAME,-r?/,-^rt, t. z'. To make up 
one's mind, to resolve, or determine 

O.MOi-SAGE,-r7<,-/rt,^. v. To think meanly 
of, to despise, contemn. 

OMOi-soME,-rz^,-/rt, t. z'. To begin to 
love, or think about for the first time. 

OMOi-suGOSHi,-vr«,-/a, /. z>. To think 
too much about, to love too much. 

O.MOi-suTE,-r7/,-/rt, t. V. To cease think- 
ing about, banish or dismiss from one's 

0^\oi-TAQ¥ii,-tsu,-tta, t. V. To resolve 
in one's mind, to suddenly think about. 

OMOi-TAGAVE,-rM,-^«, /. V. To mistake 
or differ in one's opinion. 

Omoi-tori, n. Understanding, or com- 

0MOi-TSUKi,-/^M,-?Va, t. V. To think of, 
recollect ; call to mind, to be attached 
to, cleave to in heart ; to plan, devise, 

O.MOi-TSUKi, n. A fancy, fanciful device, 
conceit ; conception. 

OMOi-TSUME,-r«,-/a, t. V. To dwell 
upon, to think upon constantly, to be 
absorbed, wrapped up in. 

OMOi-TSUMORi,-r«,-^/'a, r". v. To think 
more and more about, to grow more 
concerned about. 

OMOi-WABi,-ra,-^«, /. V. To think sadly 
of or with compunction. 

OMOi-WADZURAi,-rt7/,-aif^rt, i. V. To think 
about with trouble and anxiety. 

Omoi-wake. n. Judgment, discernment, 

0MOi-WASURE,-r?<,-^«, t. V. To forget, 
not to think of. 

OMOi-VARi,-««,-//'a, 7. zi. To imagine, 
conceive of, to fancy, to picture in the 
imagination ; to j udge of others by one's 
self, to sympathize with. 

OMOi-WATASHi,-j7<,-^rt, /. V. To think 
over, to reflect or meditate upon mat- 
ters long past or distant. 

Omoi-voranu. Not as was expected ol 
thought, not anticipated. 

O.MO-K.\GE, n. The likeness of anything 
pictured in the imagination, or in the 
mind, fancy, imagination. 



Oftio-KAji, n. The helm to the star- 
board. — %uo toru^ to starboard the 

O-MO-KUSA, n. An eruption on the face. 

Om6-me, n. That which one wished or 
thought of. — ga derUy to get what- 
ever one wishes. 

Omomi, n. Weight, heaviness, import- 
ance, dignity or rank. 

0.\io-MOCHi, n. Countenance, expres- 
sion of face. 

OMOMPAK;ARi,-r«,-/'^, i. V. To consider, 
reflect, deliberate, ponder ; to be anxi- 
ous or solicitous about. 

0^\OM.VKl,-ku^-ita^ i. v. To go. 

Omomuki. n. Subject, meaning, pur- 
port, tenor; fashion, form. 

Omomuro-ni, adv. Softly, gently, as of 
the wind. 

Omo-naga, n. A long face. 

Orio-naki,->&«,-j^?', a. Out of counte- 
nance, ashamed, crest-fallen, mortified, 

OMONERi,-rM.-^a, i. V. ' To flatter, to be 
obsequious, compliant, to court fa- 

Omo-ni, adz'. Generally, principally, for 
the most part, chiefly, mainly. 

Omoi<i }i,-dzuru ,-^a, i. v. To esteem, 
value, prize, appreciate, to regard with 
respect, to dignify, honor. 

Omo-o.moshii,-%v',-1^«, a. Grave, sober, 
dignified, consequential, imposing, mo- 
mentous, important, serious. 

OMORASE,-r;/,-i'rt, t. V. To make heavy, 
grave, or important ; to aggravate. 

Omori, «. The weight of a weighing 
beam, or of a fishing line. 

Omori, -r«,-/'i'<?, /. v. To be grave, 
weighty, serious, important, of conse- 

Omoshi, n. A weight, for pressing or 

OMO.SHIROGARI,-r?<,-i'^rt, i. V. To be 

pleased with, delighted with, to be glad, 
to enjoy. 

OnosHiKoi^-ki^^ a. Pleasant, 
delightful, agreeable, amusmg, interest- 
ing, curious. Omoshirokii nai, not 

0-MOSHiRoSA, n. Agreeableness, enjoy- 
ment, pleasure. 

OMO-si!Gi,-r«,-^rt, z. 7), To be excessive, 
too heavy, too great, burdensome. 

Omotai,--^/,-^«,-jA/", a. Heavy, weigh- 

Omote, 7t. The face, front, surface, out- 
side ; the lange or striking distance of 
an arrow, or ball. 

Omote-buse, n. Hanging the head for 
shame, dosvncast, crestfallen. 

OMOTE-DACHi,-i'j«,-^/a, t. V. To be pub- 
lic, open, not private. 

Omote-mon, n. Front door. 

Omote-muki, adv. — «/, openly, pub- 
licly, above-board ; apparently, in ap- 
pearance, seemingly. — wt?, public, 
open, to the view of all. 

Omote-okoshi, n. Lifting up the head 
on account of merit, or honor. 

Omoto, n. The ground pine, Licopo- 

OiMo-TSUBO, n. The place intended or 
aimed at, the mark, aim. 

Omowaku, n. The thoughts, mind, 
opinion, sentiment. 

OMOVVASE,-r?<,-i'rt, caust. of Omoi. To 
cause, or induce another to think. 

OMOWASHii,-^/,-/t«, a. That which is to 
one's mind, desirable ; thoughtful, or 
full of care. Mono omoivashii kao-tsu- 
ki., a careworn countenance. 

OMOVASE,-r?^,-2'«, i. V. To be thin or 
lean in the face, cadaverous. 

Omovu, 71. A thin gruel made of rice. 

OiMO-ZASHi, n. The form of the face, 
countenance, the features. 

Omu, ft. A parrot. 

0-MUGi, n. Barley. 

0-MUKASHi, n. Remote antiquity. 

0-MUNE, adv. Generally, in the main, 
for the most part. 

On, n. Favor, kindness, grace, benefits, 
benefactions. — "wo konturu, to re- 
ceive kindness. 

On, «. Sound, voice. Dai on, loud 

On. An honorable or respectful prefix, 
same as Go., and O. 

On-ai, n. Love and kindness, either of 
a master or parent. 

0-naga-mushi, n. A long-tailed insect, 

Onago, «. A woman, female. 

ONAGORASHii,-^?",-/ir«, a. Having an ap- 
pearance or manner of a woman, like a 

Onaji,-/&/,-/^«, a. Same, like ; ditto. 
Onaji yd ni, in the same way. Onaji- 
koio, same thing, alike. 

Onaka, n. Belly, abdomen. 

Oname, n. A cow. 

Onara, n. Breaking wind. 

On-do, n. Raising the tune, or leading 
in singing. — wo toru, to lead in sing- 
ing. Ondo-tori., the person who 
leads in singing, a chorister. 

On-do, n. The degree of heat, tempera- 

On-doku, «. Reading ...- „.....^..>, 
their sounds. 

^, ... ^»..„ J, the Chinese char- 

:rs according to their sout 
out rendering into Japanese. 




Ondori, n. A male bird, a cock. 

One, (daikon)^ n. A radish. 

O-NETSU, n. A bad fever. 

On-gaku, w. An entertainment of vocal 
and instrumental music accompanied 
with dancing ; music. 

On-gayeshi, n. Repayment of a kind- 

Oni, n. Tasting wine or food before it is 
eaten by a lord to see that it is not 
poisonous. — luosiiru. 

Oni, n. A devil, demon, fiend, the spirit 
of one dead, a ghost ; also an epithet 
for a powerful or a bad man. Kokoro 
wo — 7ii suru^ to harden one's heart, 
to force one's self to act like a fiend. 

Oni-azami, n. A kind of thistle, Cardu- 

Oni-bi, «. Ignis-fatuus, jack with a lan- 

Oni-gokko, n. A kind of play amongst 
children similar to " prisoner's base," 
the base is called oka^ the player is 
called onz. 

Oni-.mushi, «. A species of horned bee- 

Oni-yarai, «. The ceremony of driving 
out evil spirits at the Setsii-bun^ or last 
evening of the old year, by throwing 
about parched peas, and crying, " oni 
iva soto fuku wa uc/ti." 

Ox-jaku, u. a hot stone dipped in wa- 
ter and applied to a painful part. 

On-j6, «. I'he voice. — Dai— ni yo- 
bitateru, to call out with a loud voice. 

On-jin, n. Meek, amiable, gentle, mild 
and obliging. 

On-kuwa, n. Mild, gentle, and friendly 
in disposition. 

Onna, n. or a. A female, woman. — 7to 
ko^ a girl, female child. — isha^ a fe- 
male physician. • — kiyodai^ sisters. 
Onna-gavti^ a female divinity, god- 
dess. Onna-gata^ a play-actor who 
represents the part of a female. 

ONNARASHn,-/&z',-/t«, a. Having the 
manner or appearance of a woman, 

Onna-za.m.mai, n. Fondness for women. 

Ono, n. A broad axe. 

O.n'Odzl-kara, adv. Of itself, of its own 

accord, spontaneously. 
Onodzu-to, adv. Spontaneously, of its 

own accord. 
Ono-ga, pass. pro. Own, my own, his 

Ono-ko, «. A male, man. — ^<», a male 

child, boy. 
0NON0Ki,-/&«,-zVa, i. V. To tremble with 

Ono-ono, a.' Each, every one. 

Onore, per. pro. I, you, myself, him- 
self, one's self. Onore ni katsu^ to 
conquer one's self. Onore ga, my, 
your, my own, your own, one's own. 
Onore-ra^ plur. we, you. Onore-tne, 
you, — addressing a contemptible per- 
O.n'Oye, «. A mountain peak, high 

On-riy6, {urami no iamashii)., n. A 

malicious spirit. 
On-sen, n. A hot spring. 
On-taku, {megunii no ttrnoi)^ n. Grace, 

favor, kindness, benefactions. 
On-t6, a. Amiable, gentle, meek, mild, 
I On-toku, n. Kindness, goodness, grace, 
I favor. 

: On-y6-shi, n. A soothsayer, a fortune- 
! 0-0SHiKi,->^«, a. Manly, bold, brave. 
I 0-6-TO, adv. Gloomy, melancholy, de- 
i jected in spirits. 

; 0-6, adv. Sometimes, now and then, 
I here and there, some places ; eventu- 
I ally, in process of time. 
I 0-RAi, {yukiki), 71. Passing to and fro, 
I going and coming; coming, communica- 
tion, a road ; title of a book. 
Oranda, n. Holland. — no hito, a 
I Hollander. 

! ORASE,-r«,-/«, caust. of Ori. To cause 
j to be or dwell, let dwell. 
I Ore, per. pro. I. Orega^ my own, my ; 
I or era., we, or era ga, our. 
! ORE,-r«,-/rt, /. V. Broken, — used of a 
stick, or anything long ; to be folded, 
Ore, a. A broken piece or fragment of 
anything long. Kugi no — , a piece of 
Oren, n. Gentian. 
Ori, n. Time, occasion, opportunity. 
0\a .,-r u^-t a ^ t. V. To break anything 
long and slender, as a stick ; to fold, to 
bend, to double. Hone wo., — to break 
a bone, (.fig.) to toil, or labor industri- 
Ori, oru., otta., t. v. To weave, to work 

a loom. 
Ori, oru, otta, i. v. To be, to dwell, 
live ; to be in, or at home. Hi ga nio~ 
yete oru., the fire is burning. 
Ori, oriru., orita., t. v. To descend, to 
go down, to alight, dismount , to set- 
tle. Ori-nobori., descending and as- 
Ori, n. A pen, a cage, coop ; a gaol, 

Ori, n. A small box made of thin board 
by folding the corners, used for holding 
confectionary, etc. 




Ori, «. The fine sediment, lees, or set- 
tlings from tea, wine, or any liquid ; 

ORi-M,-au-(ia, I. V. To be composed, 
settled ; to subside, abate. 

ORi-ASHU,-ki^-ku,-shi, a. At an un- 
seasonable or inopportune time, in an 
unfortunate time. 

Ori-do, >i. A folding door. 

Ori-dokoro, n. A dwelling place ; room 
or space to live, sit, stand, or lie in. 

Ori-fL'SHI, adv. Sometimes, now and 
then, occasionally; just then, just at 
that time, instant, or conjuncture. 

Oriha, «. A kind of game played with 

Ori-hime, v. The weaver, the name of 
the star Veda, near the milky way. 

Ori-hon, «. A folding book. 

Ori-itte, adv. Earnestly, urgently, im- 

Ori-ka.mi, n. A folded paper or docu- 
ment accompanying any curiosity, stat- 
ing its history, etc. ; a certificate. 

Ori-kara, adv. Just then, at the time, 
instant, or conjuncture. 

Ori-kat.a., n. A crease or mark made by 
folding ; the mode or way of folding. 

Ori-ku, n. An acrostic. 

Ori-kugi, «. A bent nail, or hook for 
hanging anything on. 

ORi-MAGE,-rz/,-^<j, t. V. To break and 
bend, to bend double. 

Ori-me, 11. The crease, or place where 
anything is folded. 

Ori-.medaka. Haughty, supercilious. 

Ori-mono, n. Woven goods, things made 
in a loom, cloth. 

Ori-mono, {tsuki no mono,) n. Menses, 
also the discharge of blood after labor. 

Ori-ori, adv. Sometimes, occasionally, 
now and then. 

Ori-va, per. pron. I. 

Ori-ya, n. A weaver. 

ORi-TACHi,-i'j«,-i'^rt, i. V. To alight from 
anything on one's feet. 

O-Rivo, n. Taking violent possession, 
trespassing, encroaching on or usurping 
the rights of another. — suru., to en- 
croach on the territory or rights of an- 

Om-\ 01, -ki,-ku, a. Good time, fortunate 
or opportune time. 

Orochi, «. A large snake. 

Oroka, a. Foolish, silly, simple, ignor- 

Orokasa, n. Folly, foolishness. 

Oko-oko, adv. A little, few. — tonaku., 
to cry a little, to sob. — goye, a sob- 
bing voice. 

Orosha, h. Russia. 

OROSHi,-^«,-^a, t. V. To take off or down 
from a height, to put down on the 
ground, to let down, let drop, to sell at 
wholesale, to reduce by grating, tritu- 
rating, or filing ; to produce abortion. 
Ko wo — , to produce abortion. Oi- 
orosu, to drive down. Mi-orosu, to 
look down. 

Oroshi, n. A grater. 

Oroshi, n. Selling by the quantity ; 

Oroshi, «. An abortionist. — baha. 

Orosoka,^. Careless, remiss, or negligent. 
— ni sttru, to treat disrespectfully. 

OsA, «. The reed of a loom. 

OsA, ft. The chief, head, or principal 
man, commander. 

Os.\, n. Numerousness, the number. 

Os.\.MARi,-r«,-i'/'a, /. V. To be regulated, 
governed ; tranquilized, quieted ; paid 
up or collected, as taxes. 

OsA.ME,-r«,-^a, /. V. To regulate, to 
govern, to quiet, tranquilize, settle, 
calm, allay ; to pay in, as taxes ; to lay 
up, to store away ; to bury, inter ; put 
up or away. 

OsANAGO, n. A young child, infant. 

OsANAi,-^z,-.r/j/, a. Young, j'outhful. 

OsA-osA, adv. Much, great deal; with 
a neg. not much, not a great deal . 

Os.-\RABA. E.xclamation used at parting, 
= farewell, good-by. 

OsARE,-r«,-i'iZ, pass, of Oshl. To be 
pushed, pressed, forced ; thrust aside. 

OsAVE,-r?/,-^rt, t. V. To press upon or 
against, to push against in order to 
support or hold down ; to repress, re- 
strain, to keep down, keep back ; to 
stop, to stay, to check. 

OSAYE, n. A stop, check, restraint, stay, 
j OsA\E, n. The rear column of an army, 
the rear. 

OsE,-r«,-^a, t. z>. Used only in connec- 
I tion with Te., as Te wo oserii., to inflict 

a wound. 
! OsE, «. The word, command, or instruc- 
tion of an honorable person ; charge, 

OsERARE,-r?/,-i'«, /. V. To speak, to say, 
command, charge, used only of honor- 
able persons. 

0-SETSU, n. A meeting, or conference 
of officials of different nations. — suru., 
to meet. 

OsHi, «. Deaf and dumb, a mute. 

0-SHi, n. A violent death, death not in 
the natural way. — suru. 

OsHi, n. A weightier pressing upon any- 
thing ; (met.) influence, authority ; 
effrontery, brass, impudence. 



OsHi,-su,-ia, t. V. To push, to shove, to 
thrust ; to press, to squeeze ; to force, 
compel, constrain, to drive ; to infer, 
deduce ; to consider, regard. 

OsHi-AGE,-r«,-^a, t. V. To push or hold 

OsHi-Ai,-«w,-«^M, i. V. To push or 
shove one another. 

OsHi-AKE,-ri<,-^a, t. V. To push, force 
or hold open. 

OsHi-ATE,-r«,-i'rt, t. V. To push or hold 
anything against something else. 

OsHi-BUCHi, n. Small strips of wood 
fastened against the edges of wall- 

OsHi-DASHi,-j«,-/«, t. V. To push, thrust, 
or force out. 

OsHi-DORi, n. The mandarin duck. 

OsHi-DORi, n. Taking by violence or force. 

OsHi-DZUYOi,-;4'/,-^z/. a. Obstinate, per- 
tinacious, persisting. 

OsHi-FL'SE,-r7<,-^«, t. V. To push down, 
to force down with the face to the 

OsHi-GAi, n. Violently pressing the sale 
of anything by one who wishes to pur- 

OsHi-GARi, n. A violent demand or ex- 
tortion, — as of one's money by a rob- 

OsHiGARi,-rM,-/^«, z. V. To be stingy, 
sparing, niggardly, grudging, ungener- 
ous ; to lament or deplore the loss of 
something highly valued. Oshiga7-a- 
reru^ to be deplored, regretted. 

OsHiGE-MO-NAKU, adv. Without appear- 
ing to grudge, without any appearance 
of reluctance, not seeming to mind, or 
or value. 

OsHi-HAKARi,-r?<,-/'i'a, t. V. To guess, 
conjecture, suppse, consider, to infer. 

OsHi-HEDATE,-r//,-^a, t. V. To separate 
by force, as by getting between two 
persons fighting ; to push apart, hold 

OsHi-HESHi,-i-;<,-/'rt, t. V. To bring down, 
abase, humble. 

0SHI-HIRAKI,-/&/^,-7M, t. V. To push OF 

. force open ; to open out. 

OsHi-HiRAME,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To press and 
flatten anything round. 

OsHi-HiROGE,-r«,-/rt, t. V. To force open, 
as anything folded up, to spread out. 

OsHU,-/-/, a. Highly prized, esteemed, 
valued, loved ; grudged ; precious ; de- 

OsHi-iRE,-rM,-^«, t. V. To force or push 

OsHi-iRE, n. A closet. 

OsHi-iRi,-r«.-/^a, /. V. To force or push 
one's way into, to enter violently. 

OsHi-KAKE,-ra,-^a, t. V. To attack, as- 
sault with force and numbers. 
OsHi-KATAME,-r«,-/«, t. V. To press to- 
gether into a hard mass. 
OsHi-KAVESHi,-j«,-/a, t. V. To push or 

force back, to force another to take 

back or do over again. 
OsHi-KiRi,-r«,-^^rt, t. V. To press and 

cut, as anything hard ; to break by 

pushing forcibly against, as a rope. 
OsHi-KiRi, 71. A straw-cutter. 
OsHi-KOME,-r?<,-/a, i. 7>. To be forced 

or compelled to remain shut inside, as 

an offender to his own house ; to con- 
OsHI-KOMI,-»/?/,-«ifij:, t. V. To push, 

press, or force one thing into another. 
OsHi-KOMi, n. A forcible entrance, a 

pushing in ; one who forces his way 

into a house to rob, a house-breaker, 

OsHi-KOROSHi,-jM,-^a, i. V. To press, or 

squeeze to death. 
OsHi-KUDAKi,-/^«,-?Va, t, V. To press on 

and break into pieces, to crush. 
OsHi-K(.DASHi,-j«,-^rt, t. V. To push or 

force down, depress. 
OsHi-MADZUKi, n. A stand for resting 

against while sitting. 
OsHi-MAGE,-r«,-/a, ^. V. To bend by 

OsHi-MAKi,-y^w,-zV«, t. V, To push and 

roll up. ' ' 

OsHi-MAROME,-r?<,-^a:, t. V. To press 

and make round. 
OsHi.Mi,-;««,-«</a, t. V. To feel sorrow 

at the thought of losing anything 

prized ; to be reluctant to lose or spend ; 

to spare, to grudge ; to esteem, value, 

prize, to love. 
OsHiNA, n. A clown, countryman, a 

boorish person. 
OsHi-NABETE, adv. All, Universally, 

OsHi-NAGAS HI, -J ?<,-/«, t. V. To Carry or 

float along by a current. 
OsHi-NAOSHi,-j;^,-^«, t. v. To press on 

and mend, — as anything bent. 
OsHi-NOKE,-r;<,-^a, t. v. To push or 

thrust aside or out of the way. 
OsHi-NUGi,-^«,-/^«. To strip off, tear 

off, as a covering. 
OsHiROi, «. The white lead power used 

by women for powdering the face. 
OsHiROi-BANA, H. The Mirabilis jala'pa. 
OsHiSA, n. The unwillingness to lose or 

part with, preciousness. 

OsHI-SAGE,-^«,-^«, t. V. To push Of 

force down. 

OSHl-SHIDZUME,-r«,-^rt,. t. V. To push 

or force under water ; to quiet, hush. 





pacify, restrain, — as an uproar, an- 

OsHis6-Ni, adv. Grudgingly, reluctant- 

OsHi-TAOSHi,-j«,-^«, t. V. To push, 
thrust or force over, so as to fall. 

OsHi-TATE,-rM,-/'(Z, t. V. To push or 
force to stand up. 

OsHi-TAWAME,-rz<,-^^, t. V. To bend by 
force, to press on and bend. 

OsHiTE, adv. By force, by violence, by 
compulsion, presumptuously, pertina- 

OsHi-TODOME,-r«,-j'a, t. V. To stop by 
force, to push and stop. 

OsHi-T6SHi,-j«,-/rt:, t. V. To push, thrust 
or force through. 

OsHi-TSUBU.SHi,-jz<,-/a, t. V, To crush, 
or break with violence. 

OsHi-TSUKE,-r?<.-z'rt, t. V. To push or 
force one thing against another, to sell 
or make away with, to treat with 
severitj^ to urge immoderately. 

OsHi-TSUME,-r//^,-M, /. V. To push or 
force into a narrow or strait place, to 
straiten, to compress. 

OsHi-TSUTsrMi,-w«,-«^«, t. V. To wrap 
up, to fold up. 

OSHI-UGOKASHI,-.??^,-/^, t. V. To push 

and shake. 
OsHi-L'Ri, n. Pressing the purchase of 

something which one wishes to sell, 

importunately desirous of selling. 
OsHi-\VAKE,-rK,-.'a, /. V. To push or 

force apart, to separate forcibly. 

OsHI-VVATASHI,-J«,-/a, t. V. To pUsh 

across, as a boat. 
OsHi-VABLRi,-r«,-/^«, t. V. To push 

and break, to attack and break. 
OsHi-VARi,-r?^,-//^, t. V. To push out 

of the way, to send with a push. 
OsHiYE,-r;;^,-/rt, t. V. To teach, instruct, 

to educate ; to caution, warn ; to show, 

to point out. 
OsHivE, n. Teaching, instruction ; pre- 
cept, doctrine ; sect, religion. 
OsHi-voSE,-rz^,-M, t. V. To push or 

force near to, to attack or forcibly ap- 
proach to. 
OsHo, n. A Buddhist priest. 
Oso, n. The bodily disorders caused by 

Osoi,-oi{,-dta, t. V. To attack, assault. 
0^o\,-ki.-ku.-shi. a. Late, slow, tardy, 

Osoi-BA, n. The wisdom teeth. 
Osoi-GAKI, «. Writing or drawing bj' 

placing the paper over the thing to be 

drawn and tracing the lines. 
Oso-MAKI, n. Grain, or any seed sown 

late in the 

OsONAW.A^Ri-rw ,-^^a, i. v. To be late, 

slow, or tardy ; to procrastinate. 
OsoRAKUBA, adv. I am afraid that, I fear 

that, I doubt whether ; lest, perhaps, 

OsoRE,-rz/,-^^«, t. V. To be afraid of, to 

fear, to dread. 
OsoRE, «. Fear, dread. 
OsoRE-Ai,-rt;<,-rt/z'rt, i. V. To fear each 

other, to be all afraid, — spoken of many 

with fear, dread or respect. — used 
only in respectful address to officials. 

OsoRE-NAGARA, adv. Although, or whilst 
I am afraid, most humbly or respect- 

OsoRE-ONONOKi,-/^/,-zVrt, t. V. To trem- 
ble with fear, to do with fear and trem- 

OsoRESHiME,-r?/,-^a, caust. of Osore. To 
make afraid, frighten. 

OsoB.osHii.^-ki .,-ktc,-shi^ a. Fearful, fright- 
ful, dreadful, awful, terrible. 

OsoROSHiSA, «. Dreadfulness, fearful- 
ness, terribleness. 

OsoSA, n. Lateness, slowness, tardi- 

OsowARE,-r7/,-^n;, i. v. To be attacked, 
to be possessed, as by evil spirits ; to 
have the nightmare. 

OsowARi,-rM,-//«, /. V. To be taught, to 
learn, to be instructed. 

Osso, n. A petition or complaint made 
immediately to a high official without 
passing through those below him. 

Osu, n. The male of birds and animals. 

Otai, n. A meeting, conference, inter- 
view. — surii^ to meet. 

Otamajakushi, n. A tadpole. 

Otamegokashi, n. One who, pretending 
to seek the interests of others, seeks to 
promote only his own ; a selfish, hypo- 
critical person. 

0-TE, n. Checking the king in a game 
of chess. — sjiru^ to check. — luo 
nigeru, to move out of check. — dzu- 
7!!e, checkmate. 

Ote, n. The front gate of a castle. 

Otedama, n. Jackstones, or marbles 
used by children for playing with. 

Oteki. n. A flute. 

Otemba, a. Forward, bold, impudent. 
— musume., a bold, forward girl. 

Oto, n. Sound. 

Otodoi, «. Brothers or sisters. 

Otodoshi, n. Year-before-last. 

Oto-dzuki, n. The twelfth month. 

Otodzure, n. Message, word, commu- 
nication, tidings, account, information. 

Otogai, «. The chin. 


Otogi, n. A nurse to a sick person, a 
companion or attendant. 

Otogi-banashi, n. A story, tale, ro- 

Oto-go, n. The youngest child. 

Otoko, n. A male, man. 

Otoko-buri, «. A manly appearance or 

Otoko-date, n. A gallant, chivalnms 
person, one who is liberal and ready to 
assist the oppressed. 

Otoko-gi, «. Manly, spirited, bold, 
courageous. — «« /li^o. 

Otoko-masari, n. Masculine in appear- 
ance or strength, spoken only of a wo- 

Otokorashh,-/^/,->^«, a. Like a man, 
manlike, manly, noble, brave 

Otoku-tsuki, n. Manly bearing or ap- 

Otome, «. A young woman, girl, young 

Oto-musume, n. Yungest daughter. 

Otona, n. A grown-up person, adult, 

OTONABi,-rz<,-^«, z. V. To speak or act 
like a full-grown man. 

Otona€en.a.i,-,4'2',-/^?/,-5'//z, a. Not manly 
in appearance or spirit ; childish, puer- 
ile, foolish, silly. 

Otoxai,-^?^, i. V. To make a sound, to 

Otonashii,-/^/,-/%«, a. Quiet, mild, gen- 
tle, tame, good-tempered, not cross or 

Otonashisa, n. Gentleness, tameness. 

Otonashiyaka. Quiet, gentle, mild. 

Oto-oto, or OTOTO, n. Younger brother. 

OTORi,-rw,-2frt, i. V. To be inferior 
or less in size, degree, excellence or 
quality ; to be worse than, not so good 

Otori, «. Inferiority, worse. Masari 
otori nashi, neither better nor 

Otori, n. A bird used to decoy others. 

OTOROYE,-rz<,-M, i. V. To grow worse, 
to be impaired, to decline, decay, to 
fail in strength or power, to deteriorate, 
to wane. 

0T05Hi,-j?<,-/rt, i. V. To drop, to let or 
cause to fall ; to omit, leave out ; to 
lose ; to debase, degrade ; to take out, 
as a stain. 

Otoshi, n. A trap for catching birds. 

Otoshi-ana, n. A pitfall. 

Otoshi-banashi, n. A story in which a 
pun, quibble or play upon words is in- 

Otoshi-d.\ne, n. The bastard child of a 
person of rank. 



OTOSHi-iRE,-r«,-^a, /. V. To drop into, 
to decoy, to entrap, insnare. 

Otoshi.mi,-w«,-«^<z. t. V. 'To look down 
on, to despise. 

OTosHi-T.suKE,-r«,-^a, /. V. To throw 

Ototoi, «. Day before yesterday. 

Ototo-ve, 71. jCreihren, including older 
and younger, brothers and sisters. 

Ototsan, n. Father. 

Otsu-n'a, a. Strange, odd, unusual, sin- 

Otsu-nen {toshi wo koyerti). Passing 
the time, living. — suru. 

Otsuvu, n. Soup made of vegetables or 

Otte, adv. By and by, presently, soon, 
after a little. 

Otte, n. The pursuing party, a pursuer. 

Otto, n. Husband. 

OTTORi,-r;c,-/a;, t. V. To take or seize in 
a hurry, to snatch. 

Ottori, adz'. Immediately, at once. 

OTTORi-KOME,-r«,-2'iZ, t. V. To surround, 
environ, encomfass. 

Ottosei, n. The seal. 

Ottsu-kayeshitsu, ad7'. Advancing and 
retreating, pursuing and being pursued. 

Ottslke, adv. By and by, soon, pre- 

0-UM.\, n. A stallion, 

O-usHi, «. A bull. 

0\\A-RK,-ru,-ia^ pass, or pot. of O/. To 
be borne or carried on the back. 

OwARi,-r«,-z'«, pass, or pot. of Oi. To 
be pursued, driven, chased. 

0\\'Am,-ru,-tta, i. v. To end, finish, 
complete, terminate ; to die. 

OwARi, n. The end, termination. 

0\vASE,-r?/,-^rt, caust. of Oi. To place 
on the back of another, to load, to im- 
pute, charge with 

OwASE,-r« ,-/«:, caust. of Oi. To cause 
or let anything pursue or chase another. 

OWASHI, or 0\VASHI-iMASHI,-J«,-/«, /. V. 

To be, to dwell, — used only of honor- 
able persons. 

Ova, n. Parents. Waga inochi no — , 
the preserver of my life. Oya ko., pa- 
rent and child. . 

Ova. Exclam. of surprise. 

Oya, n. A landlord, owner of a house. 

Oya-bun, «. One who acts a parent's 
part ; a head man, master, boss. 

Oyadama, n. The chief, head, the best. 

Oya-go, n. Your parents. 

Oya-ji, n. Father. 

Oya-kata, n. The chief, head, boss, 

Oyake, n. The government, the rulers, j 
— no sata^ a government order. 


Oyake, a. Public, common, not private ; 
just, fair, equitable, disinterested. — 
w/, publicly, openly. 

Oyama, «. A harlot, the female charac- 
ter in a theatre. 

OvA-YUDZURi, n. Anything received by 
inheritance from one's parents. 

OvE,-r«,-/a:, i. V. To be ended, termin- 
ated, finibhed, completed. 

OvE, a. Unclean, polluted, dirty, foul. 

0-y6. Generous, liberal, magnanimous. 

Oyobanu, neg. of Oyobi. Cannot reach, 
extend, or attain to ; inferior, impracti- 
cable ; unnecessary. 

OYOBi,-3z<,-«rt'a, /. v. To reach to, at- 
tain, to extend to ; to terminate in, re- 
sult in, issue in ; until, till. Ikusa ni 
— , to result in a war. 

Oyobi, couj. And, together with. 

OYOBOSHi,-i-«,-/a, caust. of Oyobi. To 
extend, cause to reach, to impart. 


0\OGi,-£-u,-z^a, t. V. To swim. Oyogi- 
agaru^ to swim up. Oyogi-deru^ to 
swim out of. Oyogi-kosn^ to pa?s an- 
other in swimming, to swim across. 
Oyogt-wataru, to swim across. 

O-Yo-Ni, adv. Generally, mostly, for the 
part most. 

Oyoso, adv. For the most part, gene- 
rally, mostly, in general, about. 

0-YUBi, n. The thumb. 

0-ZAKE-NOMi, n. A drunkard, an intem- 
perate person. 

OzAPPAi, a. Prodigal, lavish, profuse or 
liberal in using. 

0-ZEi, «. A multitude, a great company. 

Ozoi,-/v'z',-/^z<, a. Dishonest, knavish, 
cunnmg ; stupid, foolish. 

OzoKKOKU, n. Poppy capsules. 

OzoMASHii,-,^/,-/^?/, a. Foolish, silly. 

OzoKA, n. The sky. 

Pachi-pachi, adv. Sharp cracking noise, 

Pan, «. Bread. 

Panya, «. A species of Asclepias, or 
wilk-weed, also the silky material ob- 
tained from it. 

Pappu, «. A poultice. 

Para-para-to, adzf. The sound, or man- 
ner of rain, hail, or tears falling in big 
and scattered drops. 

Parari-to, adz). In a scattered, dis- 
persed, or sprinkled manner. 

Pata-pata, adz'. The sound of repeated 
slaps, flaps, or clapping. 

Patchi, n. Trowsers, pantaloons made 
of silk. 

Patchiri, adz>. The sharp, sudden sound 
of anything cracking, snapping, split- 
ting, as of splitting a bamboo, bursting 
the air-bladder of a fish, etc. 

Patchi-patchi, adz'. Sounding in a sud- 
den sharp manner, clapping, snapping, 
cracking, popping. 

Pattari, adv. The sound made by any- 
thing falling, slapping, slamming. 

Patto, adzi. In the manner of anything 
suddenly bursting out, spreading. 

Pera-pera, adv. Quickly, fast. 

Pin, n. The ace on a dice. 

PiRl-PiRl, adv. In a pricking, burning, 

or smarting manner, — as the taste of 

PissHARi, adv. Like the sound of the 
crushing of egg-shells, shutting a 
screen, slamming a door, banging. 

PiYOi-TO, adv. Hopping like a frog, 
bird, etc., skipping. 

PiYo-TO, adzi. The whizzing sound made 
by an arrow. 

PoKAN, adv. In a vacant, thoughtless, 
or absent manner. 

PoKi-poKi, adv. The sound of crack- 

PoKu-POKU, adv. Like the sound of 
striking pieces of wood together. 

PoN-PON, adz'. The sound of successive 
reports, as of guns. 

Poppo-TO, adv. Hot, heated appear- 

PoTARi-POTARi, adv. In the manner, or 
appearance of water dropping. 

PoTCHiRi, adv. or n. A drop, jot, dot, 
the least quantity. 

PoTSU-POTSU, adv. A little spot here 
and there, or in a scattered manner. 

Pun-pun, adv. In the manner of a deli- 
cious perfume. 

PuRi-PURi, adv. Shaking o.^ moving like 


Ra, -= and such like things ; et cetera, I 
also a plural suffix. IVare-ra, we. 
On-mi ra^ you : but sometimes of no 
meaning; 3& Achira^ Kochira, Nan-\ 

Rachi, «. A picket fence. — nto naki^ \ 
without order, confused, absurd, non- ] 
sensical, foolish. — ga akanu, slow, 
tedious, wasting time, undetermined, 
unsettled. — wo akeru^ to decide, 
conclude on, settle. 

RACHi-AKi,-/^«,-zVa, i. V. To finish, con- 
clude, settle ; dispatch, or expedite a 
tedious matter. 

Ra-den, n. Mosaic work of mother of 

Ra-hei, n. A patrol, sentry, policeman. 

Rai. To come, to reach ; coming, arriv- 
ing ; next. Rai-bin^ the next oppor- 
tunity. Rai-cho^ the next morning ; 
coming to court, or to the Mikado's 
palace. Rai-gu-watsu, the next month. 
Rai~/taru, the next spring. Rat-jitsu. 
the next day. Rai-kiyaku, the guest 
who has arrived. Rai-nen^ the next 
year. Raise, the next world. Rai- 
s/iuH, the next spring. Rai-yu, the 
history of the origin or rise of any- 

Rai, {katnirtari), n. Thunder. Rai- 
den, thunder and lightning. Rai-Jin, 
the god of thunder. Rai-ju, an animal 
which is supposed to fall when the 
lightning strikes. Rai-mei^ the sound 
of thunder, a rumbling, a report. Rai- 
yoke, a protection against thunder, a 
lightning rod. Rai-geki^ a stroke of 

Rai-biy6, n. Leprosy. 

Rai-d6. — j«r«, to be obsequious, com- 
pliant, to servilely imitate another. 

Rakan, n. Bacon, pork, ham. 

Rakansho, n. The Thyopsis. 

Rakkan, «. The name and seal of the 
writer inscribed in a book or draw- 

Rakkiyo, n. A vegetable of the garlic 
class, scallion, chives. 

Rakkuvvasho, «. A ground-nut. 

Raku, {tanoshimi^) n. Comfort, ease ; 
pleasure, freedom from pain, toil or 
hard labor. — na koto, easy or pleas- 
ant thing. 

Raku-ba, {uma yori otsuru^ n. Falling 
from a horse. 

Rakuda, n. A camel. 

Raku-Gaki, n. Writing or scribbling 
upon walls, stones, trees. 

Raku-gan, n. A kind of confectionary, 
made of rice-flour and sugar. 

Raku-haku, (pchi-btireru^ n. Falling 
from prosperity or wealth, bankruptcy, 

Raku-hatsu, (teami luo otosul) n. Shav- 
ing the head. 

Raku-ji, (ptsuru tnoji), n, A word 

Raku-mei, {inochi tvo otosu^ n. Losing 
life. Gun chiu ni — shita, lost his life 
in battle. 

Raku-raku-to, adv. Easily, pleasantly, 
comfortably, free from care and labor. 

Raku-rui, {namida wo otosu), n. Shed- 
ding tears. 

Raku-satsu, {/uda wo otosu). Drop- 
ping a ticket into the ballot-box, vot- 
ing. — surUy to ballot, vote. 

Raku-shitsu, (ptoshi uskinau.) — suru, 
to drop and lose, to lose. 

Raku-sho, {otoshi bumi), n. An anony- 
mous writing. 

Raku-shu, «. A lampoon, any satirical 
or catting writing. 

Raku-tetsu, n. The actual cautery. — 
suru, to apply the actual cautery, cau- 

Raku-vaki, n. A kind of porcelain . 
baked so as to be covered with cracks. 

Rambiki, «. A still for distilling spirits. 

Ram-bo, n. Disorder, riot, tumult, vio- 
lent and rude conduct. — ni>i, a rioter, 
a violent and turbulent person. — 
suru, to act in a violent and disorderly 

Ramma, «. The open ornamental work 
over the screens which form the parti- 
tions between the rooms of a house. 

Ram-patsu, (tnidare ga7ni), n. Dishev- 
eled hair. 

Rampitsu, n. A bad hand, or slovenly 

Ran, {mint). To look, to see. Go ran 
nasare, look here. 

Ran, n. Disorder, confusion, tumult, 
riot, disturbance. — wo okosu^ to raise 
a tumult. 




Ran, n, A fabulous bird, the phoenix ? 

Kan-da, a. Lazy, idle. 

Ran-giyaku, {mtikoK^ n. Rebellion, or 
war against the government. 

Ran-gui, 71. Posts and stakes driven into 
the ground to molest or hinder the en- 

Ran-k.\n, n. A balustrade, railing. 

Ran-KI, {midare kokoro)., n. Insanity, 
derangement, or disorder of mind. 

Ran-shin, {midareiaru kokord). In- 
sanity, mental derangement. 

Ran-sho, «. Oviparous, produced from 
an egg., n. The ovaries. 

Ran-t6, n. A kind of oval monument 
over a grave. — ba^ a cemetery. 

Rao, n. A bamboo pipe-stem. 

Rappa, n. A trumpet, bugle. 

Rappakuwan. n. The fallopian tubes. 

Ra-se-ita, n. Flannel. 

Rasetsu. — suru^ to castrate, emascu- 

Rasha, n. Woolen cloth. 

Rashii,-^/,-/5-«. a suffix adding the idea 
of, like, appearance, or manner, to the 
root word ; as, Otuia-rashii, like a 

Rasotsu, n. A policeman, patrol. 

Rasshi, n. Order, arrangement, — always 
used with a negative ; as, — ttio nat, 
disordered, contused, without order or 

Rassoku, n. A kind of candle, having a 
stick projecting from the butt of it for 
carrying ii. the hand. 

Rei, «. Politeness, decorum, etiquette; 
thanks, salutation ; a thank oifering, or 
present in acknowledgment of a favor. 
— wo siiru, to bow, to make a present 
out of thankfulness, to thank, to pay a 
doctor's fee, to pay a teacher. — wo 
iu^ to express one's thanks. Rei-jo^ a 
letter of thanks. Rei-j'i., propriety, eti- 
quette. Rei-/uku^ dress of ceremony. 
Rei-kin., a fee, or money paid for a fa- 
vor received. Rei-sha., thanks. Rei- 
shiki, the rules of etiquette, or cere- 

Rei, n. A command, order. 

Rei, (tnmeshi.,) n. Custom, usage, prac- 
tice, example, precedent, instance ; us- 
ual, common. 

Rei, {tatnashii,) n. The soul, spirit ; 
manes, ghost. Rei-kon., the soul, spir- 
it ; manes of the dead. Rei-boku^ a sa- 
cred tree. Rei-chi\ a sacred place. 
Rei-hei, an ancestral tablet. 

Rei. This word is used as a cipher, or to 
show that one denomination is omitted, 
as, San sen rei hachi-ju^ = 3080. 

Rei-jin, 71. The performers and musi- 
cians of a Kagura. 

Rei-ki, 71. Cold, cool. 

Rei-kiyaku, {Jiiyakasu). Strolling about 
to look. 

Rei-min, {tada-hito^ «. The common 
people, farmers, laborers. 

Rei-nen, {itsuino), n. Yearly custom. 
— no ion, in the usual yearly manner. 

Rei-raku, {pchi-btcreru^ 71. Bankrupt- 
cy, insolvency, reduced to poverty. 

Rei-shi, n. A species of hard mushroom. 

Rei-shi, 71. The balsam-apple. 

Rei-shi, «. The Lichi. 

Rei-yo-kaku, n. A kind of hartshorn, 
used as a medicine. 

Reki, n. A calendar year, an almanac. 
Reki-dai, successive generations or dy- 
nasties. Reki-gakii, study or learning 
pertaining to the almanac or calendar. 
Reki-shi, a history, chronicle, annals. 
Reki-sii, number of years. 

Reki-reki. Passing or continuing through 
successive periods of time ; standing 
out conspicuously from amongst others ; 
prominent, illustrious, eminent ; clear, 
plain, evident, distinct. 

Rem-bo, {koishitau), n. Love between 
the sexes. — surzi, to love. 

Remma, (neri i/iigciku), n. To exercise, 
train, or drill one's self in anything. 

Ren, «. A pair of boards on which stan- 
zas of poetry, or sentences from the 
classics are written and hung up for or- 

Ren. Connected or joined together in a 
series, a succession of, consecutive ; a 
row, series ; used in counting things 
strung together. Tamaichi — , a string 
of beads, Ren-ckiu, a company, band. 
Ren-chd, several mornings in succes- 
sion. Re7i-i7iy a row of seals affixed to 
a document. Re7i-jitsu, several days in 
succession. Ren-jd, a succession of let- 
ters, or a writing subscribed by a row of 
names. Ren-nen, several years in suc- 
cession. Reti-kiu, involved along with 
others in the same trouble or crime, im- 
plication. Ren-ri, the union of two 
things by growing together, as two 
branches of a tree. Ren-zoku, constant 
or continuous, without interruption. 
Ren-mei, leagued or banded together 
by an oath. Re7t-77iiyd, a list of names. 
Ren-iJiiyo-gaki, a catalogue. 

Ren-chaku, 71. Inordinate attachment 
to anything ; entirely engrossed in any- 

Ren-choku, a. Honest, upright, exact, 
precise, accurate ; cheap. 

Ren-dai, {Jiasu 710 uiena), n. The Lo- 




tus-flower-seat on which A mida is re- 
presented as sitting. 

Ren-dai, n. A hand-barrow, a bier. 

Ren-ga, n. A pastime in which one ex- 
temporizes the first half of a stanza of 
poetry and another finishes it. 

Ren-ga-seki, n. A brick. 

Ren-ge, {hac/iisu bana)^ n. The Lotus 

Renge, n. The intestines of a fowl or 

Ren-geso, m. The name of a small flower, 

Rengi, n. A wooden pestle. 
Ren-giy6, n. A flowering-shrub, the 

Ren-jaku, n. The name of a beautiful 

Ren-jaku, n. A wooden frame slung 

over the back and used for carrying 

bulky articles, as straw, etc. 
Ren-ji, n. The frame-work of upright 

wooden bars before windows. 
Ren-jo, (shitau kokoro)^ n. Love be- 
tween sexes. 
Ren-ju, {nert osameru). To exercise, or 

drill one's self in. 
Ren-juku. To become proficient, or 

adept in by practice. 
Ren-niku, {hasu no mi), n. The fruit or 

seeds of the Lotus. 
RESSHi,-j«r?<,-^a, /. V. To arrange in 

order, to rank with, to have a certain 

Resshuku, «.■ The constellations, of 

which the Japanese reckon twenty- 
Retsu, (tsurd), n. The order, or arrange- 
ment in ranks, files, lines, or com- 

Reisu-jo, «. A chaste woman, a faithful 

Retsu-za, «. Sitting in a row, or in 

ranks, or according to rank. 
Ri, n. A Japanese mile, = 4,320 yards, 

or nearly 2^ miles Eng. 
Ri, n. The natural laws, the inherent 

principles of things ; reason, principle ; 

that which is right, just, proper ; mean- 
ing or signification. 
Ri, n. Profit, gain, interest, advantage ; 

victory. Ri ivo torn, to make a profit. 

— surUy to benefit, to gain. 
Ri-Ai, n. Interest on money. 
Ri-ai, w. Principle, law, or truth. 
Ri-BETSU, {hanare ivakare), n. Parting, 

separation, divorce. 
Ri-BiYo, n. Dysentery. 
Ri-BUN, n. Profit, gain. 
Ri-DZUME. Convinced by the reasons 

given. — suru, to confute, convince. 

Ri-FU-jiN, {kotoivari wo tsukrcsadzu). 
Contrary to right, or reason ; unjust, 
unreasonable, violently, forcibly. 

Ri-GAi. Profit or loss, advantage or dis- 
advantage. — 7V0 tokii^ to show the 
advantage or disadvantage cf doing 

Ri-GAKUSHA, «. A rationalist, infidel. 

Ri-GiN, n. Interest money. 

Ri-Hi, n. The right or wrong, justice or 
injustice, reasonable or unreasonable. 

Ri-KATA. The profitable mode, advan- 

tageous or convenient waj'. 

RiKi, {chikara). Strength, power, force, 
a strong man. Riki-sha, a strong man, 
Rikt-shi, a strong man, a wrestler, 

RiKiMi,-;«?<,-«^a, i. v. To make a show 
of one's strength, or authority ; to 
swagger, bully. Rikiini-au, to make a 
show of each other's strength, as wrest- 
lers before contending. Rikimi-chira- 
su, to strut, swagger, or make a display 
of one's authority all about. Rikimi- 
kayerii, to strut, swagger, bully or boast 

RiKiMi, n. Vigor, power, strength, au- 

RiKo, n. Acuteness of mind, shrewdness, 
cleverness, ingenuity, expertness. 

RiKo-DATE, n. Making a show of one's 

Ri-KON, n. Sagacity, clevernesss, ingenu- 
ity, acuteness. 

RiK6RASHii,-/r/,-/^7^, a. Having the ap- 
pearance of cleverness. 

RiKU, n. The land as opposed to water 
or sea. 

RiKU-CHiN. To be bankrupt, ruined, as 
a person once prosperous. 

RiKU-GEi, n. The six acquirements, viz: 
reading, arithmetic, etiquette, archery, 
horsemanship, and music. 

RiKU-Go, n. The six sides of the uni- 
verse, viz : the heaven, earth, and four 
cardinal points, 

RiKU-GUN. A land force or army, — 
biyo-in, a military hospital. 

RiKU-ji, (ftka no michi\ n. A land- 
journey, by land. 

Ri-KUTSU, «. Reason, cause; false rea- 
soning, caviling; captious objections, 
quibble, sophistry. — luo iu, to quib- 
ble, or cavil. Rikutsu-sha, a caviler, 
captious reasoner. 

RiM-BiYo, n. Gonorrhoea. 

RiN, (wrt), n. A wheel. Ni — sha^ a 
two-wheeled wagon. Shi — sha, a 
four-wheeled wagon. 

Ri.N, n. A small bell. 

RiN, n. A weight, the tenth part of a 
/un^ = O1583 of a grain troy 




RiN-DEN, 71. The transmigration of souls, 

RiN-Do, n. Gentian. 

RiXDZU, n. A kind of figured satin. 

RiN-GETSU, {umidzuki)^ n. The month 
of parturition, — the tenth month ac- 
cording to Japanese reckoning. 

RiNGO, n. An apple. 

RiN-GOKU, {tonari kuui), ft. A neigh- 
boring countjy. 

RiN-ji, K. Unexpected, accidental, con- 
tingent, extras. — no yd, unexpected 

RiN-KA, (tonari no iye), n. The next or 
neighboring house or family. 

RiN-Ki, n. Jealousy. — wo suru, to feel 

R1N-KI-6-HEN, n. Acting according to 
the occasion or exigency, changing to 
suit circumstances as they arise. 

RiN-SHiTsu, H. Gonorrhoea. 

RiN-SHOKU, n. Stingy, miserly, nig- 
gardly, parsimonious. 

RiN-To, n. A row of lamps suspended 
by large brass rings in front of an idol. 

RiN-VE, n. Transmigration of the soul, 

RiN-YEN, n. A park, garden, grove. 

Ri.N'-ZAN, n. The approach of parturition, 
the time when parturition is expected. 

RiN-zo, n. A circular book-case, made 
to revolve round a vertical axis. 

RippA, a. Splendid, fine, magnificent. 

Rippo, n. A cube. 

RiPPUKU, n. Anger. — stirti., to be 

RiRiSHii,-X'/,-/?-«, a. Grand, imposing, 
severe, striking with awe or fear, ma- 

Ri-SDKL', ?i. Interest on money. 

RissHiN, {mi -wo tatsuru), n. Rising in 
rank, wealth, honor ; promotion, ad- 

Risu, n. A squirrel. 

Ri-sui-ZAi, n. Diuretic medcicines. 

RiTSU, {pkite), n. A statute, ordinance, 

'K\\5^{tatsu\ n. A dragon ; the emblem 
of imperial power. 

Riu, (nag-are), n. A current ; style, or 
manner ; school, either of religion or 
philosophy ; line or succession of family. 

RiL'-Do-Bi'Tsu, n. A fluid, liquid. 

Riu-Dzu, (tatsu-gashira), n. Dragon's 
head, the place on the top of a large 
bell by which it is suspended. 

Riu-GAN-NiKU, n. The lungyen, — a Chi- 
nese fruit. 

Riu-GEN, {nagashi kotoba'), n. A cur- 
rent report, a story fabricated and made 

Riu-Gi, n. Style, manner, or method ot 
writing, drawing, singing, fencing, of 
medical practice, or of any work of art ; 
a sect, creed, school, system, order. 

Riu-GO, n. A small wheel on the spin- 
dle of a spinning-wheel, over which the 
band passes. 

Riu-GO-SHA, n. A water-wheel, worked 
by treading and used for irrigating, 

Riu-iN, n. Pyrosis, water-brash. 

Riu-jo, {yanage no ivaia), n. The cat- 
kins of the willow. 

Rii-Kiu, n. The Lew Chew islands. 

Riu-Ko, {nagare yuku), n. Prevailing, 
popular, or fashionable way ; style, 
fashion. — sum, to prevail, to be 

Riu-KOTSU, {tatsu no hone), n. Drag- 
on's-bone, a species of cactus. 

Riu-MON, n. A kind of white silk. 

Riu-No, n. Refined camphor. 

Riu-RAKU, n. Reduced from honor or 
wealth to poverty and misery, bank- 

Riu-Riu, adv. The whizzing of a ball, 
arrow, or spear in its flight. 

Rli'-SEI, n. A shooting star, meteor. 

Riu-sui, (jiagareru ntidzu), n. A cur- 
rent of water, a stream. 

Rlu-TAi, {todoniari todokori). Deten- 
tion, hindrance, stoppage, obstruction. 

Riu-TAN, n. Gentian. 

Riu-TO-sui, n. A fire engine. 

Riu-wo, n. The king of the dragons, — 
supposed to govern the rain. 

RiL'-v6, (yd "ojo tate7-ii). To lend, or ac- 
commodate one with anything ; to 
give temporarily as a convenience, to 
make do, to make answer the purpose. 

Riu-ZAN, a. Abortion, miscarriage. 

Ri-VAKU, ti. Help, aid, or favor of a di- 
vine being. 

RivAKU, n. Abridgment, abbreviation, 
summary, epitome. — suru, to ab- 
ridge, to abbreviate, to curtail, to short- 
en, to slight, to omit. _Riyakii-biin, 
an abbreviated letter, epitome, synop- 
sis. Riyaku-gi, an abridging or omit- 
ting of customary forms. Riyak7c-ji\ 
an abbreviated word, contracted char- 
acter. Riyakti-shiki, an abridgment 
of the usual form, or ceremony. 

Ri--iEKi, n. Profit, gain, advantage, 

Ri-YEN, n. Separation, sundering of a 
relationship, divorce. — sum. to se- 
parate as husband and wife, to divorce. 
Riyen-jd, a writing of divorcement. 

Rivo, ti. A tael, the value of four ichi- 
bus, or sixty niomme ; two, both. — 
san ni?t, two or three men. Ic/ii — 
nichi, one or two days. — asJii, both 



feet. — mimi^ both ears. Rtyo-do, 
both times, twice. Riyo-gan^ two or 
both eyes. Riyd-ho, both sides, both 
persons. Riyo-men, two faces, both 
surfaces. Rtyo setsu, two versions or 
reports of the same thing. Riyo-shin^ 
both parents. Riyo-sokti, both feet. 
Riyo-te, both hands. Ri'yo-td, two or 
both swords. Rtyo-zetsu, double-ton- 

RiYo, n. The numeral used in counting 
wagons. Kuruma san rz'yd, three 

Rivo, «. Huntmg, fishing. — wosuru, 
to fish, hunt. Ri'yd-sefi, a fishing-boat. 

RiYo, n. StufiF, or material for making 
anything, or for use. Rz'mono 710 — , 
material for clothes. Riyo-ju — , the 
price of instruction, tuition fee. 

RiYo, n. The dominion, territory or es- 
tate belonging to a lord, or ruler ; ju- 
risdiction ; used also as a numeral in 
counting helmets, etc. — suru^ to 
rule, govern, have dominion. 

Rivo, n. Ability, talent, capacity. 

Ri-Yo, n. Utility, usefulness. 

RiYo, a. Good, excellent, skilful. Riyo- 
buy a good horse. Riyo-i, a good phy- 
sician. Riyo-sho^ a good general. Rl- 
yo-yakii, good medicine. 

R1V6-BUN, n. Dominion, territory, or 
estate belonging to a king, a lord, or 
monastery; jurisdiction. 

RiYo-CHi, 11. The land, territory, or es- 
tate belonging to a lord or temple. 

RiYo-GAKE, n. Two black boxes made 
of bamboo used in tra\ elling. 

Riy6-g.\ye, n. Changing money. — wo 
stirti, to change money. 

Riyo-gaye-ya, n. A money changer, 
exchange office. 

RiYO-GUVVAij {omoi no hoka)^ n. Impo- 
lite, rude, ill-mannered, rough. — na- 
gara, excuse my impoliteness. 

RiYO-HAKU, {tail no tomari)^ n. A stop- 
ping-place for travellers, lodging at an 
inn while on a journey. 

RiYo-ji, n. A consul. Fuku — , vice- 
consul. So — , consul-general. — ku- 
wan, consulate. 

RiYo-ji, n. Treatment of disease, medi- 
cal attendance. — suru, to treat di- 
sease, to prescribe for the sick. 

RiYO-KAKU, (tabi-bito). n. A traveller, 
a guest at an inn. 

RiYo-KEN, n. Judgment, opinion, no- 
tion, mind, pardon, excuse, intention. 
— chigai^ mistaken in judgment. 

Ri-YOKU, n. Desire of gain, avarice, 
covetousness, love of money. 

RivoKu-BAN, n. Sulphate of iron. 

inn, a lodging-house, hotel. 

RiYo-ME, n. The weight of anything as- 
certained by weighing. 

RiY6-Ri,-r«,-^^rt, t. V. To cook. 

RiYo-Ri, n. Preparing, dressing, or cook- 
ing food. — suru, to prepare, or cook 

RiYoRi-VA, n. An eating-house, restau- 
rant ; a person who keeps an eating 

RiYo-SHi, n. Writing materials, viz., ink, 
pen, and paper, also a lackered box for 
keeping them in. 

RiYo-SHi, n. A hunter. 

RiYo-SHi, n. A fisherman. 

RiYo-SHU, «. The lord of an estate, or 
ruler of a district. 

RiYO-SHUKL', {tabi no yadorz), n. Stop- 
ping at an inn, or hotel. 

RiYo-TAN. Double-sided, two-ended. — 
no hakarigoto^ a plan which may work 
two ways. 

RiYO-TEN, n. A choice between two 
things, so that if one fails the other 
will answer ; an alternative ; also an 
umbrella suitable to either rain or sun. 
— tii kakaru, to have one of two 

RiYO-TEN, n. An inn, hotel, lodging- 

RtYO-Yo, n. Travelling expenses. 

Ro, «. A scull or oar of a boat. — wo 
osu^ to work a scull. 

Ro, n. A hearth, or fire-place in the 

Ro, n. A kind of gauze silk, used for 

Ro, (usagi U7nd)^ n. A mule, donkey. 

Ro, (tsuyu), n. Dew. Cho ro, morning 

'Ro,{mich{). A road, journey. Cho ro^ 
a long road. Yen ro^ a distant jour- 
ney. Ro-yo, travelling expenses. Rd- 
jj\ a way, road. 

Ro, n. Wax, enamel. 

Ro, (takadono), n. The second or up- 
per floor of a house, a brothel. 

Ro, (Jiito ya), n. A gaol. Ro-ban, a 
gaoler. Ro-s/ia, imprisonment. Rd- 
ski\ dying in gaol. Ro-ya, a prison, 
goal. Ro-go^u, a gaol. 

Ro, (ori), n. A pen, cage. 

Ro, (oi), n. Old age, old, aged. Fu-ro, 
not growing old. Ro-s/io, old and young. 
Rd-sui\ old and decrepit. Rd-jakii, old 
and young. — jin^ an old man, el- 
ders. Ro-ba^ an old horse, an old 
woman. Ro-fii, an aged father. Rd~ 
skin, aged parents. 

Ro, (tsukarurti), n. Toil, labor, trou- 




ble, fatigue, weariness, care. — shite 
ko nasht, much labor and no profit. 

Ro, n. Consumption, phthisis. 

RoBA, n. A mule, donkey. 

Ro-BAN, n. A steeple, spire. 

RoBA-sHiN, n. An old woman's heart, 
kind and thoughtful, tender solicitude. 

RoBESO, n. The wooden pin or nipple 
on which a scull works. 

Rouzu, n. Deficiency in full weight or 
quantity ; waste, loss, leakage ; dam- 
age or loss from being kept long. — 
mono, damaged or unsaleable goods. 

Ro-GAi, n. Consumption, phthisis. 

RoGEKi. — suru, to attack, charge on, 

Ro-GOSHi, n. A coarse basket for con- 
veying prisoners. 

Ro-HA, «. Sulphate of iron, 

Ro-KA, n. A corridor, gallery, covered 

RoKiTSU, n. The loquat. 

RoKKAKU, n. Six-angled ; a hexagon. 

RoKKAKU, (shika no tsuno,) n. Harts- 

RoKKON, «. The six senses, viz. : the 
eyes, ears, nose, tongue, body and 

Ro-KOKU, n. A clepsydra. 

RoKU, (jnustsu.) Six. Ju-rokzt, sixteen. 
Roku-roku, six times six, Roku-jil, 
sixty. Roku-bu icki\ one-sixth. Ro- 
ku-ban, the sixth. Roku-bam-yne, the 
sixth one. Roku-nin, six persons. 
Roku-dOy six times. 

RoKU, n. A record, account, — suru, 
to record, to write an account of, make 
a note of. Fu-roku, an appendix to a 

RoKU, n. The salary, pay, rations. 

RoKU, a. Even, level, straight, good, 
well. — 7ii suru^ to make level or 

RoKU-Biso, (Jiijiki^ n. A kind of sea- 

RoKU-CHiKU, «. The six domestic ani- 
mals, viz. : the fowl, dog, cow, goat, 
horse, and hog. 

RoKU-Do, {mutsu no inichi^ n. The six 
roads of the Buddhist hades, into which 
the souls of the dead are sent, viz. : 
yigoku, Gaku, Chiku-sho^ Shiira, 
Ningen, Tenjo. 

RoKU-DZUMi, n. An inked line, used in 
making a straight line, as in sawing 

RoKujo, 71. Hartshorn. 

RoKURO, 71. A pulley, windlass, capstan, 
a lathe, a potter's wheel. 

RoKURO-GiRi, n. A drill worked by a 


RoKU-ROKU, adv. Well. 

ROKU-ROKU, adv. Triflingly, idly. — to 
shite yo -wo okuru. to live a useless 

RoKUKO-KUBi, n. The name of a disease, 
in which the neck is supposed to 
lengthen to an enormous extent. 

RoKU-SHiN, (in7itsu no shitashiini,) n. 
The six relations, viz. : father, mother, 
older brother, younger brother, wife, 
and child, 

RoKU-SHo, n. Verdigris. 

RoKU-YOKU, n. The six desires or lusts, 
which come by the six senses. 

RoKUWAi, n. Aloes. 

Ro-Mo. To be childish from age, de- 
crepit, infirm. 

Ro-MUSHA, n. A veteran soldier. 

Ron, {katartt.,) n. Dispute, debate, 
argument, discourse, discussion, 

RoN-DAN, n. Disputation. 

Ro-NEN, [oitaru toshi,) n. Old age. 

RoN-Gij «. Discourse, discussion, dis- 

Ron-go, n. The Confucian analects. 

Ro-NiN, n. A sar7iurai who, for some 
offence, has been dismissed from ser- 
vice ; an outcast, vagrant. 

RoNji,-r?< ox -dzuru.,-ta, t. v. To dis- 
cuss, to discourse on, debate, argue, 
dispute. Ronzedzu, regardless, not 

RoppAi. Six times full. 

Roppivo. Six bags of anything. 

RoppoN. Six sticks ; used in counting 
sticks, timber, posts, pencils, etc. 

Roppu, n. The six viscera, viz. : lungs, 
heart, liver, spleen, kidneys, and 

RoppuKU. Six doses of medicine. Ku- 

RoRETSU, n. Pronunciation. 

Ro-SEKi, n. Marble. 

Ro-SEN, 7t. A boat with a saloon built 

on it, for pleasure excursions. 
Ro-SHiTSU, n. Nocturnal emissions. 
Ro-SHo, 71. Consumption, phthisis. 
Ro-soKU, n. A candle. — tate, a candle- 
Ro-TAi, «. A platform built on the roof 

of a house. 
Ro-To, n. Belladonna. 
RovA, «. A scull or oar maker. 
Ro-VEN, (noros/ii,) n. A signal rocket. 
RoZEKi. Brutal and violent, savage, 

cruel ; mingled in confusion. — 7no7io^ 

a ruffian. 
Ru-FU. — suru., to spread, extend 

Rii, {tagjti^ 7t. Kind, sort, class, race, 

genus. — surti, to be alike, of the 




same kind. Rui-yaku^ same sort of 

Rli, n. A parapet, wall, or rampart, 

Rri, {kasanaru). Lying or heaped one 

on the other ; many. Rui~dai^ several 

generations in succession. Rui-getsu ^ 

several months. Rtit-jitsu^ many days 

in succession. Rui-ne>t, several years. 

Riti-rui, piled up one on the other. 

Riii-za^ involved, implicated with 

Rui-KUWAN, n. The lachrymal duct. 
Rui-REKi, n. Scrofula. 
Rli-setsu, n. Bonds, fetters. 
Rui-s6, n. Wasting away of the flesh, 

emaciation, atrophy. 
Ru-KEI, n. Transportation, or exile for 

Ru-MN, {^nagashibito^ n. An exile, or 

one transported for crime. 

RuRi, n. The emerald. 

RuRi, n. The variegated kingfisher. 

Ru-r6. Wandering about without any 
settled home, as an outcast. — suru^ 
to wander. 

Ruse, {todojuari viamoru^ u. Keeping 
watch, or taking care of a house during 
the absence of the master ; absent, not 
at home. Ricsu-ban, keeping watch 
during the absence of the master. Rii- 
su-chiii^'s absence. Rusu-i, 
the name of an officer who has the care 
of the family in his master's absence. 

Ru-TEN, n. The transmigrations of the 

Ru-TSU, n. Passing or circulating from 
one to another ; current. 

RuTSUBO, n. A crucible. 

Ru-zAi, «. Transported or exiled for 


Sa, (Jiidari^ n. The left. Sa no tori, 
as follows, in the manner following. 

Sa, adv. So, thus. — ni aradzu, it is 
not so. 

Saba, n. Mackerel. Sasehi saba, salt 

Saba, n. A fraudulent entrj' in an ac- 
count. — wo yoviu, to cheat by telling 
off a wrong number. 

Saba, n. An offering of a small portion 
of food to the Kami before eating. — 
•wo toru, to make the above offering. 

Sa-bakari, adv. Such, so, so much, 

SABAKE,-r«,-/a, i. V. To be disentangled, 
unraveled, loose ; to be sold off; to be 
adjudicated ; to have quick discern- 
ment or judgment. 

Sabake, n. The sale of goods, market ; 

Sabake-kata, n. The sale, market. 

Sabake-kuchi, n. The sale, demand. 

SABAKi,-/t«,-zVa, t. i>. To disentangle, 
unra\el, loose ; to sell off; to judge, to 
examine and decide a matter. 

Sabaki, n. The unravelling of anything 
perplexing or intricate, as a lawsiiit ; 
the selling of goods. 

Sa-baku, n. A sandy desert. 

SABi,-r7<,-/'a, i. V. To rust. 

SAiii,-ru,-iia, i. v. To be hoarse, rough, 
or harsh in voice. 

Sabi, n. Rust. 

Sabi-iro, n. Rust-color. 

SABiRE,-r//,-2'rt, i. V. To be lonely, dull, 
free from noise or bustle. 

SABiSHii,->t/,-yt;/,-j/i/, a. Lonely, solitary, 
desolate ; still, quiet ; dull, destitute of 
stir or bustle ; forlorn, forsaken, friend- 

Sabishis.^, n. Loneliness, solitude, still- 
ness, dullness. 

Sabi-tsuki-ge, n. A rust-colored horse, 
a sorrel. 

Sabitslve, n. A kind of hoe. 

SABOSHi,-jw,-/a, /. V. To dry or air any- 
thing damp. 

Saboten, «. The prickl pear. 

Sachi, (saiwar,) n. Fortunate. 

Sadaka. Certain, sure, settled, distinct, 
plain. Sadaka-ni, certainly, surely, 
distinctly, plainly. 

Sad AMARi,-r ?<,-//«, /. v. To be deter 
mined, decided, settled, fixed, certaiu, 
confirmed, resolved. 

SADA.ME,-rz/,-^a, t. V. To determine, 
decide, fix, settle, conclude, to confirm, 
to resolve. 

Sadame, n. That which is fixed, settled, 
or agreed on ; the conclusion, decision ; 
a law, ordinance. 

Sada.mete, adv. In all probability, per- 
haps, likely, doubtless. 

Sade, 71. A hand-net for catching fish. 

SADZLKARi,-r7<,-^a, 7. V. To receive from 
a superior, imparted, bestowed, derived. 


SAr>zuKE,-ru,-ia, t. v. To bestow, im- 
part, to give, to communicate, hand 

Saga, n. An omen, sign, prognos- 

Saga {yoshi^ ashi). Merit or demerit, 
good or ill. 

Saga, n. Disposition, temper. Gaman 
no — , obstinate disposition. 

Saganai,-^'/,-^/;?, a. Unlucky, unfortu- 
nate, mean, low, vulgar. 

SAGARi,-r«,-//rt, i. V. To go down, to 
hang down, to decline, to sink down, to 
fall in value or rank. 

SAGASHi,-j?<,-^rt, t. -u. To search, seek, 
look for, inquire for. Sagashi-dasu ^ 
to search and find. 

Sagashii,-/^z,-^«,-j/jz, a. Steep, precipi- 

Sagashisa, n. Steepness. 

Sage, -ri<' ,-/■«, t. v. To let hang down, 
to si'spend, to let down, to lower, to 
take down, to send down ; to abase, 

Sage-fuda, n. A note or writing at- 
tached to a communication as a reply 
to some question in the paper to which 
it is pasted. 

Sage-furi, n. A plumb-line, or plum- 
met ; plumb, perpendicular. 

Sage-gami, n. The hair worn hanging 
down the back. 

Sage-gatana, n. A sword carried in the 

Sage-ju, n. A nest of boxes set in a 
handle for carrj'ing. 

Sage-mono, n. The articles which the 
Japanese carry suspended from the belt, 
as the tobacco pouch and pipe, ink- 
stand and pen. 

Sage-o, «. The cord around the sword 

SACESHiMi,-fMu,-M(ia, t. V. To look down 
on, despise, disdain, to regard with 

Sagi, n. The snowy heron, Egretta can- 

Sa-g6, 71. Deeds, works. 

Sago-bei, n. Sago. 

SAGURi,-r«,-^i'rt, t. V. To search for by 
feeling, to feel after, to grope for, to 
probe, to sound, explore. 

Saguri, n. A mark or notch on anything 
to be noticed by feeling, as that on the 
bow, or seal ; a probe. j 

Saguri-ashi, n. Groping or feeling one's 
way with the feet. | 

SAGURi-DASHi,-j2^,-^a, t. V. To feel after i 
and take out, to extract with forceps, I 
as when the thing is not visible. 

SAGURi-KiKi,-,4'«,-i'ii, t. V. To inquire, I 



I or endeavor to ascertain anything indi- 
Sahachi, n. A platter, or large dish. 
Sa-hai, n. Superintending, directing, 

Sahari, «. White copper. 
Sa-h6, n. Law, rule of conduct, custom, 

Sahodo, a. So, such, so much, thus 

Sai, a. Again, a second time, repeated. 
Sai-kin^ to be reappointed to office. 
Sai-do^ a second time, twice, again. 
Sai-ko. to rebuile, reconstruct, resume. 
Saz-han, to publish again, a second 
edition, reprint. Sai-ki'?i., re-erect, re- 
build, reconstruct. Sai-hotsn., to break 
out again, relapse, recur. Sai-kuivai\ 
reassemble, meet again. Sai-kan., af- 
fected the second time, as by disease. 
Sai-kayerii^ to return again. Sai-rat\ 
to come again. Sat-saz, again and 
again, repeatedly. Sat-san, two or 
three times. 

Sai (m's/ti), n. The west, western. Sai- 
ho, western side, or regions. Sai-kokuy 
western provinces. Sai-kai\ the west- 
ern sea, the " Yellow sea." Sai-yo, 
western or European countries. 

Sai, m. Wife. Sai-shi\ wife and child. 

Sai, n. Fish, vegetables, or anything 
eaten along with rice. 

Sai, n. A rhinoceros. 

Sai, n. A dice. — no me, the marks on 
a dice. 

Sai, n. Ability, capacity, talent, sagacity. 
Sat'-c/tz, wisdom, intelligence. Sai-s/i/, 
a wise, sagacious person. 

Sai, n. Material, stuff. Go sai\ the five 
elements, of fire, water, wood, metal 
and earth. 

Sai, «. A year, year of age. Iku sai, 
how old ? 

Sai, w. Encampment, a stockaded camp. 

Sai-ban. — suru, to adjudge, adjudicate, 
decide on the case of a criminal, to j udgi 

Saiban-sho, ; 

ment office. 
Sai-bashi, n. 

helping fish c 
Sai-chiu {}n 

A cou 


: ; govern- 

The chopsticks used for 
r vegetables. 

ka),n. The very middle, 
the time when anything is at its height, 
acme, climax, perfection. 
Sai-hai {7>totto)no oki). The last. — ichi\ 

the very largest, the most important. 
Sai-dan. — j«r«, to judge, to examine 

and decide. 
Saide, n. Scraps of silk left after cutting 
out a garment ; also imperfect cocoons. 
Sai-do. — stirii, to save from destruc- 
tion after death. 

SAI 2 

Sai-dzuchi, n. A small wooden mallet. 

Sai-fu, n. A money bag, a purse. 

Sai-Gen {kagiri)^ n. Bound, limit, — 
iva nat\ boundless. 

Sai-go (iuottomo toki)^ n The last pe- 
riod of life, death. 

Sai-hai, n. A baton carried by the gen- 
eral-in-chief of an army, and used in 
giving orders. 

Sai-hitsu {komayakana /tide). Writ- 
ten in small letters, small hand, fine 

Sai-ji, n. Small characters, fine letters. 

Sai-ji {toshi_ toki)^ n. The year and the 
seasons, time. 

Sai-jitsu (jiiafsuribi)^ n. The day on 
which a festival is celebrated, the day 
for worshiping. 

Sai-j6 {mottomo uye), n. Most excel- 
lent, best, verj' highest. 

Sai-k.\ku {sat no tsuno\ n. Rhinoceros 
horn, used as a medicine. 

Sai-kaku, n. Expedient, resource. 

SjM-kivo. — sunt, to examine and de- 
cide on, to judge. 

Sai-ku, n. Fine work, workmanship, 
manufacture, fabric, ware. — suru, to 
manufacture, to fabricate. Kin-zaiku^ 
gold -ware. Gin-zaiku^ silver -ware. 
B iidoro-zaiku ^ gldiSS-v/arc:. Ta-zaiku, 
anything made by one's self, — home 

Sai-ku-nin, n. A mechanic, artisan, 

Sai-matsu {komayaka)^ n. Fine pow- 

Sai-mi, n. A kind of coarse hemp cloth. 

Saimitsu-ni {komaka ni), adv. Particu- 
larlj', minutely, carefully. 

SAiNAMi,-7«?/,-;zc/a, t. V. To torture. 

S.m-nan {wazawai), «, Calamity, mis- 
fortune, evil. 

Sai-n6, n. Talent, ability and skill. 

Sai-riv6. — sjiru, to superintend, to 
manage, supervise, control. — «/«, a 
supervisor, superintendent. 

Sai-r6, n. A box for carrying food. 

Sai-sei (futatabi ikirii). Living again, 
returning to life, to revive. 

Sai-sen, 71. Offerings of copper cash in 
temples. — bako., the box in which 
money is cast. 

Sai-shiki (irodoru), n. Color, coloring, 
painting in various colors. 

Sai-sho \ichiban hajime)., adv. The 
very first, at the beginning, commence- 
ment, at first. 

Sai-soku. — suru^ to hasten, hurry, to 
press or urge on the performance or do- 
ing of anything ; to dun. 

Saito, n. Burning the bamboo and straw 


ornaments hung before the door on 
New Year's day. 

Sai-tan, n. The first day of the year. 

Sai-tori, n. A middleman between seller 
and buj'er, a broker. 

S.A.I-TORI-SASHI, w. One who catches birds 
with a pole armed with bird-lime. 

Sai-tori-zao, n. A pole armed with 
bird-lime for catching birds. 

Saiwai, «. or adv. Fortunate, oppor- 
tune, lucky, favorable ; good fortune, 
blessings, prosperity, happiness, good. 

Sai-ven, n. A second marriage. 

Saji, n. A spoon. 

Sajiki, «. The upper box, or gallery in 
a theatre, the seats in a circus or exhib- 

Saka, n. A road up a mountain, a steep 
road. Noborisaka^ an ascent. Kii- 
dari saka., the road down a mountain, 

Saka. Upside down. — /rt^^r«, to stand 
anything upside down. — ni inotsu^ 
to hold upside down. 

Saka-bari-tsuke, n. Crucifixion with 
the head downward. 

Saka-bavashi, n. A green bamboo or 
flag erected in front of a sake brewery 
for a sign. 

Sak.'V-bitari, n. A person soaked with 
sake, a sot, drunkard. 

SAKA-BrKURO, H. A bag used for strain- 
ing sake in breweries. 

Saka-bune, «. A large vat used in mak- 
ing sake. 

Saka-dachi, -isu,-iia, i. v. To stand on 
the head or upside down. 

Sak.\-dai, «. The price of sake. 

Saka-daru, «. A wine-cask, a sake-X.vkt. 

Saka-de, 71. Holding the point of a 
sword downwards. 

Sakadzuki, 71. A wine-cup. Sakadzuki- 
dai, the stand of a wine-cup. 

Saka-game, «. Large wine-jar. 

Saka-go, «. A foot or breech-presenta- 
tion of the child in parturition., «. The mat which is 
wrapped round a wine-cask. 

Saka-goto, 71. Reading or spelling a 
word backwards. 

Saka-gur.\, 71. A house in which sake is 

SAK.A-HA, «. The barb of a hook. 

Sak.\-hadzl'RE, 71. One who in a wine- 
party avoids drinking. 

■ Sakai, 7t. A boundary, border ; confines, 
frontier, limit. — ron, a dispute about 
a boundary. 

?>AK.A\,-d,-dia, t. V. To go against or 
contrary to, oppose, disobey, to contra- 

SAK 2 

Sak.'M-me, n. A boundary line, border. 

Saka-kabu, n. A license from govern- 
ment to manufacture sake. 

Sakaki, «. The name of a tree. 

Saka-kigex, >i. The spirits, or excite- 
ment produced by drinking wine. 

Saka-klre, n. A hang-nail. 

Saka-maku-midzu, «. Water whirling in 
a circle, an eddy in a current. | 

Saka-matsuge, n. Entropium or inver- : 
sion of the eyelashes. _ ! 

Saka-me, «. Against tbe grain of wood. 

Sakamogi, n. Trees and brushwood, 
placed around a fortification to keep ofiF 
or hamper the approach of an enemy ; 

SAK-.\-MORr, n, A wine-party, entertain- 
ment, feast, banquet. [ 

Saica-mlkai, n. Ihe going out of a com- 
pany of friends to meet one returning 
from a journey, and giving him an en- 

Sakaml'KE, n. A hang-nail. 

Sakan, n. A state of prosperity, full 
bloom, or vigor ; flourishing, exube- 

Sakana, n. Any kind of food taken with 
sake, fish. Sakana-ichi, a fish-market. 
Sakana-ya.^ a shop where fish are sold, 
a fishmonger. 

Saka-nami, n. Adverse or opposing waves 
or current, a head-sea. 

Saka-neji, n. The reverting of an at- 
tack on another upon one's self. 

SAKA-NOBORI,-r«, -^/rt, l. V. To gO 

against a current, to go up stream. 
Sakannarv, a. Prosperous, flourishing, 

blooming, in full vigor or prime. 
SAKARAi,-.t«, or d,-dtta, t. v. To go 

against, or contrary to ; to oppose, to 

S.AKARE,-r«,-^a, pass, or pot. of Saki. 

To be torn, rent, ripped. 
SAK;ARi,-r«,-/i'rt, /. V. To be flourishing, 

prosperous ; to be at its height, bloom, 

or acme. 
SAKARi,-r«,-^/<?, i. V. To be in heat, to 

Sakari, n. The bloom, prime, time of 
highest vigor, acme, height, culminating 
point ; the heat of animals. 

Sakasama, adv. Upside down, head- 
foremost, in a contrary direction, topsy- 

SAKAS:5;,-r?<,-^a, caust. oi Saki. To cause 
to bloom ; to fling money wrapped in 
paper amongst tea-house girls or harlots. 

Sakashii,-/^/,-/C'«, a. Clever, smart, in- 
telligent, shrewd. 

Saka-shima, adv. Upside down, head- 
foremost, in a contrary direction. 


Sakashira, n. Calumny, detraction ; 

Sakashira-goto, n. A fable ; a smart or 

cunningly-invented story, slander, de- 
Saka-te, n. Money for buying sake., 

Saka-toji, n. One acquainted with the 

art of brewing sake.^ a brewer. 
Saka-tsubo, n. A sakc-'^sx., a. wine- 
Saka-un'jo, n. The tax or duty levied by 

government on the manufacturers of 

Saka-va, «. A brewery, a shop where 

sake is sold, a grog-shop. 
Sakavaki, n. The shaven part of the 

Japanese head. 
Saka-vamai, n. The indisposition felt 

after a debauch, or a disease brought on 

by drink. 
SAKAVE,-r;/,-/a, t. v. To flourish, to 

prosper, bloom. Tomi-sakayeru., to be 

rich and flourishing. 
Sakave, 71. Full bloom, illustrious or 

glorious condition, prosperity, welfare ; 

exaltation, glory. 
Saka-vomi, n. Reading backwards or 

upside down. 
SAKA-voSE,-rM,-/'ii, t. V. To drive back 

an attacking party, and, in return, in- 
vest his stronghold. 
Sake, n. An intoxicating liquor brewed 

Sake, n. A salmon. 

S.\KE,-rM,-ta, t.v. To avoid, shun, to 

SAKE,-r«,-^a, i. V. To be torn, ripped, 

Sakebi,-(5«,-«</«, i. V. To cry out with 
a loud voice, to shout, to clamor, vo- 
ciferate, halloo, scream, to bawl. 

Sakebi, n. A loud cry, clamor, shout. 

Sake-dzuki, n. One fond of sake, a lover 
of wine, a toper. 

Sake-nomi, n. A drunkard a wine-bib- 
ber, toper. 

Sak!, >i. The front, foremost part of any- 
thing, the first, the van ; before ; the 
future ; the other party, or person. 

Saki, n. The point, or end of anything. 

Saki. -n. A cape, promontory. 

SAKi,-/^z^,-?Va, /. V. To open or bloom, — 
as a flower ; to blossom, to flower. 

SAKi,-^?/,-//a, /. V. To tear, to rip, rend 
asunder, to rend open, to split off. 

Saki-agari, «. A gentle ascent, —no 
viichi, a road having a gradual rise. 

S.'\.Ki-BARAi, n. Clearing the way before 
a high official. 

SAKi-BASHiKi,-r«,-M, /. V. To run before 

SAK 2: 

or ahead, forestall, or anticipate others, ] 

to get ahead of others. 
Saki-b6, n. The front or forward coolie, 

where two are carrying with the same 

Saki-bore, n. A notice sent in advance 

advising of the coming of any one, har- 
binger, forerunner. 
Saki-dachi, -tsu,-fta, i. v. To stand first, 

to ccme first, to go before, to be first in 

importance, to be thought of before 

anything else ; to die before others. 
Saki-dachi, n. A forerunner. 
SAKi-DATE,-r7<,-/'a, t. V. To make or let 

another go before, to make or consider 

first in importance, to die before. 
Saki-datte, adv. Before (in time), pre- 
viously, lately, short time ago. 
Saki-gaxe, n. Earnest money, money 

paid in advance. 
Saki-gari, n. Borrowing or drawing 

money in advance. 
Saki-gashi, «. Lending or paying money 

in advance. 
Saki-hodo, adv. Before, previously, a 

few minutes, hours, or days before. 
Saki-kata. n. The other party or person 

in any affair, the opposite party, the 

Saki-kugiri, n. Anticipating others in 

an underhanded way, forestalling. 
Saki-kl'Sa, «. Lycopodium, a kind of 

SAKi-MiCHi,-rM,-^a, i. V. To be full of 

flowers, to bloom luxuriantly. 
Saki-moto, n. The other, or opposite 

party in any affair. 
"SiAYii-^lx-dzuru^-ta^ t. v. To regard as 

the first or the principal thing, to do 

Saki-nori, n. The person who rides first 

in a train. 
Saki-otodoshi, «. Two years before 

Saki-ototoi, «. Two days before yester- 
Saki-Sama, n. The other, or opposite 

party or person in any affair. 
SAKi-soME,-r?<,-/a, i. V. To begin to 

flower, first flowering. 
Saki-te, n. The one who goes in ad- 
vance, the advance guard, or van of an 

Saki-wake, n. Blooming with flowers 

of different colors. 
Saki-zonave, n. The front rank of an 

army, first division. 
Sakkan, n. Confusion, derangement in 

the order of the leaves of a book. 
Sakkiu. Soon, speedy, quick. — «/*, 


2 SAK 

Sakkon, {kind kiyo). Yesterday and to- 
day, a few days past, lately. 
Sakkuri, adv. In a crisp, or clean man- 
ner ; prompt, ready, upt slow or hesi- 
S.\-k5, {jninato wo tozasu). — siiru., to 
close a port to trade, to blockade a 
Sa-koku, {kuni wo tozasu). To close a 

country against foreigners. 
Sakotsu, n. The clavicle, collar-bone. 

Baku, n. A stratagem, plan, scheme, ex- 

Saku, «. The crop, harvest, farming ; 
work, make, manufacture ; author. Jo- 
saku., a fine crop. Mansaku, an abun- 
dant harvest. 

Baku, n. A ridge made in ploughing or 
by the hoe. 

Baku, «, A stockade, a fence of high 

Baku-ban, n. Last night. 

Saku-bivo, n. A feigned sickness. 

Baku-bo, n. The first and fifteenth day 
of the month, which are observed as 
days of rest or holidays. 

Saku-Cho, n. Yesterday morning. 

Bakugo, {ayamari)., n. Mistake, error, 

Baku-i, n. A Action, conceit, invention, 
or fancy of an author. 

"iiKVivx^-ki y-kii ^-shi ., a. Easily broken or 
torn, brittle, not tough ; crumbling ; 
prompt, ready. 

Baku-ji, n. The work of building, re- 
pairing. — kata., superintendent of 

Saku-JITSU, n. Yesterday. 

Baku-mono, n. The work or manufac- 
ture of a celebrated maker. 

Baku-mono-Gatari, n. A fiction, novel. 

Baku-motsu, n. Anything grown by 
farming, the productions of the soil. 

Baku-nen, n. Last year. 

Saku-nin, {tsukuru kito)^ n. A laborer 
on a farm, a farmer, gardener, a maker. 

Bakura, n. A cherry-tree, — the Prunus 

Sakura-ka, n. A kind of pomatum hav- 
ing the fragrance of cherry-blossoms, 
used for the hair. 

Baku-ran, n. Confusion, mistaking one 
thing for another. — suru^ to confound, 

Sakuraso, n. The name of a flower. 

Baku-RIVAku, n. A stratagem, scheme, 
plan, device. 

Baku-Rivo, «. The wages of workmen. 

Baku-Saku-to, adv. The sound of cut- 
ting anything crisp and friable. — 



Saku-sha, n. Author, writer of a book, 

Sakl-seki, h. Last evening. 

Saku-s6, n. A net-work of nerves or ves- 
sels, inosculation, anastomosis. — su- 
nt, to inosculate. 

Saku-toku, n. The farmer's share of the 
crops after the lax is paid. 

Sakuwax, «, A plasterer. 

Saku-va, n. Last night. 

Saku-yu, n. Last evening. 

Sam \, n. Form, shape, appearance : 
manner, fashion, condition. 

Sama, n. A respectful title appended to 
the names of persons, and sometimes 
of things., n. A loop-hole in the wall of a 
castle, port-hole. 

Sa-made. To that extent, so much, such, 
(referring to something said before). — 
shinipai ni iva oyobanii, it is needless 
to feel so much anxiety. 

SAMASHi,-j«,-2'rt. t. V. To wake up from 


:, t. V. 

To cool anyth: 

SA.MATAGE,-r;<,-/«, /. V. To obstruct, 
hinder, impede, to interrupt. 

Sa.matage, ;/. Obstruction, hindrance, 
impediment, interruption, injury. 

Sa.matsu, ti. An early kind of edible 

Samayoi,-«7,-^^«, i. V. To wander about 
bewildered, as an outcast, or one in 
great trouble., adzi. Many and various 
forms, appearances, or conditions. Hi- 
to no kokoro — nari. 

Samba, «. A midwife. 

Sambashi, n. A plank laid from a boat 
or ship for crossing ; also a wooden jet- 
ty at which boats land. 

Sambi. — suru, to praise, commend, extol. 

Sam-biyo, n. The three incurable dis- 
eases ; viz.. leprosy, consumption and 

Sam-butsu, w. a product, production, or 
staple Commodity of a country. 

Same, n. A shark, shark-skin. 

S.\ME,-rz<,-/rt, 1. V. To awake ; to be- 
come calm, sober, to become cool. 

Sami. — suru, to revile, to abuse, to 
speak evil of, to treat contemptously, to 

Samisen, n. A guitar or banjo of three 

with the 

S.\MMAI, adv. Is-sa 

whole heart. 
Sa.m.mi, h. Sour taste, acid. 
Samo, adv. So, thus. Same are., so be 

it, let it be so. 

Samo. Exclam. how! just, truly. — 
iiitari., how much alike ! 

Samoji, n. A wooden paddle or ladle 
used in dipping out boiled rice. 

SAMOSHii,-/fe/,-,{-«, a. iMean, low, or vile 
in appearance, close, penurious. 

Sam-pai-yeki, n. The waterbrash, pyro- 

Sampak'J, «. The Jasminum sambac. 

Sam-pei, n. Skirmishers. 

Sam-pitsu, n. Arithmetic and penman- 

Sam-p6, «. The rules of arithmetic, 

Sa.m-puku, 71. Half way up a mountain, 
the side of a mountain. 

SAMUGARi,-r//,-/'rt;, /. V. To be com- 
plaining of the cold, to feel chilly, to 
be cold. 

SAMUi,-/t/,-/^?<,-j/i/, a. Cold, chilly, 
(spoken only of the weather, or of one's 
feelings). Samuku naru, to become 

Samurai, «. A general name for all per- 
sons privileged to wear two swords. 

SAMUKARi,-r«,-//'a, I. V. To be cold. 

Samusa, n. The state or degree of cold- 
ness. • 

Samushii,-,^/,-/?-//, a. Lonely, solitary, 
quiet, desolate, dull. 

San, {mitsu), a. Three. San san ga 
ku. three times three are nine. — 
giiivatsu, the third month. Saaidit 
ic/ti., one third. Sam dan, the third, 
or number three. Saui-bai, three times 
full. — /v< «/, two thirds. San-kaku, 
a triangle. San-nan, the third son. 
San-zo-bai, three times as much. 

San, n. Parturition, birth, production. 
— ivo sum, to be in labor. — sum, to 
produce. San-pti, a woman in child- 
bed. San-go, child-birth. San-jo, a 
lying-in woman. San-ka, an accouch- 

San, n. Reckoning on the abacus, ciph- 
ering, calculating ; arithmetic, mathe- 
matics. — zvo sum, to calculate, rec- 
kon, cipher. DIu-san, ignorant of ar- 
ithmetic. Sa7i-gaku, mathematics. 

San, {homeru^ — sum, to praise, extol, 
sing praise to ; also a verse written on 
a picture in praise of it. 

San, n. The sash, or frame which sup- 
ports a panel ; the stick or cleat under 
a shelf. 

San, (_)/«;««,) «. A mountain, hill. San- 
chiu, amongst the mountains. San-cho, 
the top of a mountain. San-gak2i,A\)\'^ 
mountain peak. San-jo, on the moun- 
tain. San-kai, land and sea. San- 
kiyo^ dwelling amongst the mountains. 




San-ro^ a mountain road. San-zoku, a 
mountain robber, a bandit, brigand. 

San, n. Acid. — ki^ acidity. — w/, 
acid taste. 

San, /i. Medicinal powder. Daiydsan^ 
powdered rhubarb. 

Sax, (a contraction oi Samci). A familiar 
title to names. Datina san. 

Sanada, n. Flat braid, tape, a tape- 
worm. Sanada-tnusht, a tape-worm. 

Sanagara, adv. Just, exactly, precise- 
Sanagi, «. The silk-worm during its co- 
coon life, a chrysalis. 

Sanave, n. Early rice sprouts. 

San-dan, n. Means, way, method, plan, 
a shift, expedient. 

Sandawara, n. The round straw lid of 
a straw bag. 

San-d6, {kake hashi^ n. A plank-road 
constructed on the face of a preci- 

San-dzugawa, n. The river which the 
souls of the dead cross in going to 
Hades ; the river Styx. 

Sane, n. The seeds of fruit, melons, etc., 
the plates or scales of armor. 

Sanekadzura, n. The Kadzura Japon- 

San-ge, n. Confession, acknowledg- 
ment. — surtt, to confess. 

San-gi,«. Sticks used in divining, or in 
calculating. — ivo tiaraj?eru. 

San-go-ju, n. Coral. 

^\ti]\^-dzurti^-ta^ (,ckiru^) t. v. To scat- 
ter ; to be dispersed, dissipated. 

SA>i]i,-dzuru,-ia, (inairu^ i. v. To come 
to go. 

San-jin, {yamabito^ n. A fabulous be- 
ing who lives amongst the mountains. 
— same as sen hi n. 

San-j6, n. The three great duties of a 
woman ; viz., when unmarried, obedi- 
ence to parents ; when a wife, obedi- 
ence to her husband ; when a widow, 
obedience to her son, (who inherits the 
estate.) — no michi. 

San-jO. Thirty. — ia«, thirty-three. 

San-kei, {iiiddzuru). Going to a temple 
for worship. 

San-ki, n. Fond of speculating in com- 
mercial ventures. 

Sankirai, n. Sarsaparilla, — Smilax 

Sannijru, a. Past, gone by, last. 

Sa-nomi, adv. So much, such. 

San-ki, n. The space just helow the 
head of the fibula, a good place for ap- 
plying the moxa ! 

Sanshishi, n. The seed-capsule of the 
white Jasmine, used for dying yellow. 

San-sho, «. The Xanthoxylon piperi- 
tum, an aromatic shrub. 

Sansh6-uwo, «. A kind of lizard. 

S.A.N-SO, «. Oxygen gas. 

San-tei. — sum, to examine and col- 
late the text of books to correct a writ- 

San-t6, n. Calculation, computation, ac- 

Santome, n. Taffachillas, a kind of 
striped cotton goods. 

San-yaku, n. A powdered medicine. 

San-y6, n. Account, calculation, rec- 
koning. — suru, to calculate. 

San-zai. Spending or squandering mon- 
ey or one's property. 

Sanzashi, ft. The Cratagus cuneata. 

Sao, n. A pole ; also used in counting 
things carried bj' a pole ; as Tansu hito 
sao, one load of bureau. 

Sa-oshika, n. A male deer, a buck., n. A girl who plants young 
rice shoots. 

Sao-tori, n. A boatman who pushes 
with a pole. 

Sappari, adv. Clear, clean, free from 
any defilement or defect, quite, fully, 

S.\ppCkei. Anything that spoils what is 
otherwise pleasing, attractive, or agree- 
able ; something offensive to the sight 
or feelings. — na mono, an eye-sore. 

Sara, n. A plate, saucer, dish. Hiza 
no — , the knee-pan. 

Sara, a. New, fresh. — iye, a new 

Saraba, adv. If so, well then, after that. 

Sarachi, n. The ruins or empty place 
once occupied by a building. 

Sarai, n. A rake. 

SARAi,-«M,-/^a, t. V. To seize or take by 
violence or without right ; to abduct, to 
steal, kidnap. 

SARAi,-a«,-2'^a, t: V. To dredge, to 
deepen or clean out by dredging or 

'^.\K.\.\,-au,-atta, t. v. To study over, 
con, peruse, or practice a lesson ; to 

Sa-rai-nen, n. Year after next. 

SAR.\KEDASHi,-j«,-^a, t. V. To haul out 
confusedly and carelessly. 

Sara-nari, adv. Of course, needless, 

Sara-ni, adz'. Again, anew, quite, 
wholly ; with a neg. not in the least, 
entirely, totally. — nashi, there is not 
a particle. 

SARARE,-r«,-^«, pass, or pot. of Sari. 
To be divorced, separated, or aban- 



Sarari-to, adv. Like the noise, or in 
the manner, of sliding, rolling, or rust- 

Sarasa, n. Calico, chintz, 

Sara-sara, adzK Entirely, wholly, posi- 
tively, absolutely, quite. 

Saka-sara-to, adz>. Like the sound, or 
in the manner, of rolling beads or peb- 
bles between the hands ; with a slipping, 
rattling, or rustling noise. 

SAKASHi,-s7e,-ta, t. V. To expose to the 
sun or weather, to air, to e.xpose to 
public view, to bleach, to sun. 

Sarashi, n. White or bleached muslin. 

SARAW.ARE,-r?<,-2'«, J>ass. of Sa7-ai. To 
be seized or taken. 

SARAVE,-r«,-/(i, t. V. To clean out or 
deepen by scooping or dredging, as a 
well or the channel of a stream, Sara- 
ye-dasUy to scrape out, scoop out. Sa- 
raye-komu^ to scrape into, to fill in by 
scraping or dredging. 

SARAVE,-r«,-M, t. V. To study, con 
over, to go over again and again, as a 

Sarave, n. A review, revision of a book 
or lesson. 

S.\RE,-ru,-ia, i. v. To be left, forsaken, 
abandoned, deserted. 

Sake, -r// ,-/*«, i. v. To be exposed or 
bleached in the sun, Sare-kobe^ a skull 

^ left bleaching on the ground. 

Sareba, adv. So then, therefore, it be- 
ing so, just so, 

Saredomo, conj. But, however, although 
it is so, nevertheless, notwithstanding. 

SARi,-rr/,-^/a, i. or t. v. To leave, go 
away from, depart, to reject ; to separate 
from, divorce ; remove, absent ; to for- 

Sarigenai,-- ^/,-/f-«, a. Not appearing as 
if it were so, not having such an appear- 

Sari-jo, «. A bill of divorcement. 

Sari-nagara, conj. Yet, however, but, 
still, nevertheless. 

Sari-ni-shi, a. Past, gone, departed, 

Sa-rivaku, «. Services, assistance, exer- 

Sarl', n. A monkey, ape. — no toki., 
four o'clock p. M, — no kata, the 

S.ARu, (comp. of i"rt, and aru,) a. A cer- 
tain, so, such, same as mentioned. — 
hito., a certain man. — ni yotte., on 
account of its being so, therefore. — 
koro, on a certain time. 

Saru-bo, n. The name of a bivalve shell. 

S.ARu-GAKU, n. A kind of operatic per- 

Saru-gashikoi,-/^z,-/^z/, a. Tricky, art- 
ful, cunning, clever, or smart in a 
trifling way. 

Saru-gi, n. A monkey-post, — the posts 
to which a horse is tied in a stable. 

Saru-gutsuvva, n. A monkey-bit ; a 

Saruhodo-ni, So then, accordingly, 

Saru-jive, 71. Cunning, trickish ; artful- 
ness, knavery. 
j S.^ruko, n. Monkey coat, — a wadded 
coat with sleeves, worn outside the 

other clothes in cold weather. 
S.ARU-KORO, adv. Some time, some time 

since, before, 
Saru-maw.^shi, n. One who leads a 

monkey about to show his tricks for a 

S.'^ru-no-koshi-kake, a. Monkey's stool, 

— a kind of large fungus growing from 

decayed trees. 
Sari'-riko, a. Artful, cunning, trickish, 
Saru-suberi, n. The monkey slipper, — 

the Lagerstramia Indica. 
Sasa, «. A kind of small bamboo grass. 
S.^sagani, w. a small kind of land 

SASAGE,-r?^,-/a, /. V. To present to a 

superior, to offer up, to hold up and 

carry with both hands. 

tASAGE, n. A long bean. 
As.'iHERi, «. Braid used for edging. — 
wo torti^ to edge with braid. 

S.A-SAi,-/?z,-/^?(;, a. Small, little, diminu- 
tive, few, fine, trifling, trivial. 

Sasaime-goto, 71. Talking in a whisper 
or low voice, whispering. 

SASAMEKi,-/&z^,-zVa, /. V. To talk in a 
low voice, to whisper. 

Sas.ara, «. A small brush made of split 

Sasaragata, n. Calico. 

S.A.s.'\RE,-?-?/,-^rt, pass, and pot. of Sashi. 
To be stuck, stabbed. 

S.ASAWARi,-r;^,-^i'<^, i. V. To be ob- 
structed, hindered, impeded, inter- 
rupted, stopped. 

Sas.-wvari, 71. A hindrance, obstruction, 
impediment, interruption, stoppage. 

Sasavaka, a. Small, little, fine, few, 

S.^SAV.^KI,-/^^^,-^Va, t. v. To whisper, to 
talk in a low voice. 

SAS.AYE,-r?/,-Af, t. V. To obstruct, hin- 
der, impede, to stop, check, prevent, 
restrain, intercept ; to uphold, sustain, 
support, preserve. 

S.'\SAYE, 71. A vessel for carrying sake, 
made of a section of bamboo. 

S.ASE,-rK,-/rt:, t. V. The caust. form of 




sum. To make or let another do, to 
cause, to give, to induce, bring. 

Sasemogusa, ;/. The Artemisia or mug- 
wort, of which moxa is made. 

Sa-sen. Degraded and banished from 
the court or capital. — surti. 

Sashi, n. A foot measure. Nagazashi, 
a cloth measure. 

Sashi, n. The string used for stringing 

Sashi, n. A stick of bamboo shaved off 
obliquely at the end for pushing into a 
bag of grain or sugar and drawing out 
a muster. 

Sashi, n. A general name for a vessel 
which is used for pouring out that 
which it holds. Midzu — , a water 
pitcher. Abura — , an oil can. Ki- 
seru — , the bag or case of a tobacco 

SASHi,-i'M,-^rt, t. V. To Stick, pierce, 
stab, thrust, prick; to sting; to point, 
to measure ; to put into, pour into ; to 
bolt, to hand, or holcjjout to ; to stitch, 
or quilt ; to string, to spit ; to leave un- 
finished or partlj' done ; to join. 

SASHi-AGE,-r//,-i'a;, t. V. To give or 
present to a superior. 

SASHi-Ai,-rtz<,-rt/i'rt, /. V. To be pre- 
vented, obstructed, hindered. 

Sashi-ai, n. Something that acts as a 
hindrance, obstruction, interruption or 
embarrassment. • 

Sashi-ashi, n. Soft or stealthy steps. 

SASHi-ATARi,-r«,-ai'^a, /. V. To happen 
unexpectedly and cause embarrass- 

Sashi-atari, n. Something that comes 
on one suddenly and unexpectedly ; an 
emergency, exigence, a matter of press- 
ing necessity. 

SASHi-CHiGAVE,-r?<,-M, t. V. To thrust 
each other through, as with a sword ; 
to meet each other while going in op- 
posite directions, to interrupt. 

Sashi-dashi,-j/^,-/«, t. V. To hand up, 
to offer, to tender. ! 

Sashi-de, adv. Spoken of two persons ' 
doing anything together ; as, — sake 
1U0 noviu^ to drink wine together. — 
Hi wo katsugu^ to carrjr a burden to- 

S.'\SHi-DE,-rz<,-^rt, /. z/. To put ope's 
self forward, to be forward, bold, or 
presumptuous in speaking. 

Sashi-de-guchi, n. Interrupting others 
by putting in a word. 

Sashidzl', n. Command, order, instruc- 
tion, direction. 

Sashi-dzume, adv. After all, in the 
end, must be. 

Sashi-gami, n. A summons or written 
order to appear before a magistrate. 

S.A.SHI-GANE, n. A carpenter's metal 

Sashi-gasa, n. An umbrella. 

S.A.SHi-GUMi,-w?<,-«'/rt, t. V. The eyes 
to fill suddenly with tears. 

Sashi-gushi, n. A comb worn in the 
hair for ornament. 
I Sashi-gusuri, n. Medicine for dropping 
! into the eye. 

SASHI-HASAMI,-7«?<,-«ifa, t. V. To Stick 
or place between two things, to press 
between two things. 

Sashi-hikaye, «. Punishment by con- 
finement to one's house. 

Sashi-hiki, u. Ebb and flow, or rise and 
fall (as of the tide). Kanjo no — , de- 
ducting from or adding to an account 
money previously advanced or received, 
or to balance an account by adding or 
deducting previous transactions. 

S.^SHi-jivE, «. A lesson or trick which one 
has learned from another. 

SASHi-KAKARi,-r;/,-^^rt, t. V. To be near 
to, on the eve of, approaching to. 

Sashi-kake, n. An extension built to a 

Sashi-kamaye, n. Concern, importance, 
moment, matter. 

Sashi-ki, n. A branch without a root 
planted by sticking into the ground, a 
slip or cutting. 

Sashi-ko, n. A quilted coat. 

SASHi-KOMi,-;«z<,-«</rt, t. V. To stick 
into ; to have severe pain or cramp in 
the stomach, to be convulsed. 

SASHI-KOROSHI,-J/<,-2fa;, i. V, To Stab 
and kill. 

Sashi-koshi,-j?<,-^«, t. V. To come, to 
send, hand over, to pass by. 

SASHi-MANEKi,-^M,-zVa, t. V. To beck- 

Sashi-mi, «. Raw fish cut in thin slices, 
and eaten with soy. — bdcho, a long 
slender knife for slicing fish. 

Sashi-mo, adv. So, such. 

Sashi-mono, n. Cabinet-ware, joinery. 

Sashi-mono, «. A small flag or banner. 

Sashi-mono-shi, n. A cabinet-maker, 

Sashi-motsure, n. Imbroglio, entangle- 
ment, complication, broil, dissension, 

SASHi-MUKAi,-rt«,-a^^rt, i. V. To be face 
to face. 

SASHi-MrKE,-r«,-«'<i, t. V. To send. 

Sashi-nabe, n. A pot with a long spout, 
used for warming sake. 

S.a^SHI-nawa, n. The cord with which 
criminals are bound. 




SASHi-siyAi,-ate,-iia, t. v. To carry on 
the shoulder between two. 

Sashi-nuki, ti. A kind of long trowsers 
worn by nobles. 

SASHi-OKi,-/^«,-z'^rt, /. V. To let be, let 
rest, to leave, quit, forbear, to set aside. 

SASHi-OKiRi,-r«,-^M, t. V. To send. 

SASHi-SEMARi,-r?/,-//rt, i. 7'. To be in 
extremity, or utmost degree of suflfer- 
ing, difficulty or violence. 

Sashi-shio, «. The rising tide, 

Sashitaru, a. Special, particular, im- 

Sashite, atfz'. Particularly, especially. 

SASHi-TOME,-ru ,-ia , t. V. To stop, for- 
bid, to intercept, obstruct. 

SASHi-T6SHi,-j?<,-i'a, t. V. To pierce 
through, transfix, to run through. 

SASHi-TSUKAVE,-r//,-^a, i. V. To be hin- 
dered, interrupted, embarrassed, ob- 

Sashi-tsukave, n. Hindrance, obstruc- 
tion, interruption, impediment, engage- 
ment, embarrassment, difficulty or ob- 

SASHi-TSUKE,-ra,-^«, t. V. To thrust 

Sashi-watashi, n. The distance across, 
distance in a straight line, diameter. 

Sashi-vame,-^«,-^«, /. z/. To stop, frus- 
trate, balk. 

S.-\SHi-zovE, n. The small sword. 

S.A.-SHd. — sunt, to cancel, annul, abol- 

Sa-sh6, a. Little, few, trifling. 

SASoi,-(7,-J/'a, t. V. To invite to go with, 
to persuade to accompany ; to allure, 
entice. Sasoi-dasu^ to take along or 
in company with, to entice, or allure 
out of. 

S.A.-SOKU, n. The left foot. 

S.-vsoKU, adv. Quick, ready, or prompt- 

Sasori, n. A scorpion. 

SASOWARE,-rz<,-Af, pass, and pot. of Sa- 
soi. To be invited to go with, to be 
enticed, led. or earned away. 

Sassa-to, adv. Fast, quickly. 

?,\ss-m,-snrii,-ta, t. v. To feel, conjec- 
ture, conceive, fancy, imagine, to per- 
ceive, observe, consider. 

Sassoku, adv. Quick, hastily, speedily, 
soon. — mairimasho., I will come 

Sasu, «. A pole sharp at the ends used 
by farmers in carrying sheaves of grain. 

Saslga, n. A pocket knife. 

S.^suGA, adv. While it was so, such be- 
ing the case, so, therefore. — ni shi- 
ranu kao mo serarenii^ so, I could not 
appear not to know. Sastiga-no.,a. — 

yu-shi mo odorolta., even such a brave 
soldier was alarmed. 

Sasu-.m.\t.\, n. A weapon in shape like 
a pitch-fork used by policemen. 

Sasu-nomi, n. A tool used by carpen- 
ters for making holes by driving it into 
the wood. 

SASVR.\i,-d,-d^a, t. V. To degrade in 
rank and banish from the capital, to 
transport to a convict island. 

SASURAVE,-r?<,-/rt. To be banished or 
transported for crime. 

Sa-sureba, adv. So then, since it is so, 

Sasuri, n. A concubine, mistress. 

SASURi.-r7i!,-^^a, t. V. To rub, to stroke, 
or feel with the hand, to chafe. 

Sata, n. The notice, attention, or judg- 
ment of the Emperor upon a matter re- 
ported to him ; decision, communica- 
tion, instruction or message from an 
official ; tidings, word, report, rumor ; 
conference, communication with oth- 
ers ; treatment. — suru.^ to scrutinize, 
or give official attention to a matter. 

S.A.TAN. — su7u^ to be a friend, ally, con- 
federate, or accessory. 

Sate. It being so, so then ; an exclam. 
of admiration, salutation. 

Sate-mata, adv. Again, moreover. 

S.\TE.MO. Exclam. of admiration, sur- 
prise ; used also in resuming a narra- 
tive that has been interrupted. 

Sa-ten, n. A tea-house. 

Sato, n. A village, a district of cultivat- 
ed countrj' smaller than a county; a 
country place ; a brothel, or prostitute 

S.A.T6, n. Sugar. Kuro-sato., brown su- 
gar. Shh-o-zato^ white sugar. 

S.VTO-BANARE, n. The wild country on 
the outskirts of a village. 

Satobi-kotoba, n. The common collo- 
quial language. 

Sato-bir.\ki, n. The first visit of a bride 
to her father's house after marriage. 

Sato-dzuki, n. Confectionary made of 
sugared fruit. 

Sato-g.\yeri, n. The first return visit of 
a bride to her home. 

Sato-go, n. A child sent away from 
home to be brought up. 

S.^to-gokoro, n. Home-sickness. — 
ga tsuktt, to be home-sick. 

SATOi.^-ki.-ku,-shi. a. Intelligent, know- 
ing, clear-sighted, quick in discerning 
or perceiving. 

Sato-ire. «. A sugar-bowl. 

S.ato-kata, n. The wife's family or re- 

Sato-kibi, n. The sorghum, or sugar cane. 




SATORi,-r?<,-^^«, t. V. To know, discern, ] 
understand ; to discover, distinguish, 
Satoki, n. Intelligence, perception, dis- ! 
cernment, understanding, knowledge. | 
— ga hayai^ of quick discernment. | 

Satoshi,-^;^,-^^!, t. V. To make to know, 

to instruct, teach, to enlighten. 
Satsu, n. A bank note, ticket, card. 

Satsu-batsu. Killing and cutting ; fight- 
ing, violence, carnage. — na hitOy 
violent, ferocious, or cruel person. 

Satsu-bivo, n. The diagnosis of disease. 

Satsu-hito, n. A hunter. 

Satsuki, n. The fifth month. 

Satsuma-imo, 71. Sweet potato. 

Satsu-o, n. A hunter. 

S.\TSU-RiKU, n. Slaughter, slaying. 

Satsu-va, n. An arrow used in hunting. 

Satto, adv. Suddenly, quickly, with a 
quick motion. 

Satto, ti. Censure, reprimand, reproof, 
spoken mostly of government. — ivo 
komuru., to be reprimanded. 

Sawa, n. A valley between mountains. 

S.AVVADACHi,-/j/^,-2'i'«, i. V. To be excited, 
agitated, to be in a tumult, ferment, 
commotion ; disturbed. 

S-\\v.AGASHi,-jz<,-i'rt, caust. of Sawagu. 
To excite, agitate, disturb, throw into 
tumult or commotion. 

Sawagashii,-/^?,-/^?/, a. Turbulent, bois- 
terous, tumultuous, noisy, uproarious, 

Sawagashisa, n. The noise, disturb- 
ance, tumultuosness. 

SAWAGi,-^?^-/^^r, i. V. To be agitated, 
excited, to make a noise, tumult, dis- 
turbance, commotion or uproar. 

Sawagi, n. Excitement, commotion, 
disturbance, uproar, tumult, clamor. 

Sawaive, adz<. Nevertneless, still, not- 

Sawara, n. The Thujopsis Dolabrata. 

SAWAKi,-r/^,-/'^a. i. V. To be hindered, 
impeded, obstructed, embarrassed ; to 

Sawari, n. Hindrance, impediment, ob- 
struction, interruption, interference. 

Sawari ,-r?/,-^^rt, i. v. To hit or strike 
against anything, to clash against, to 
meddle, to touch, handle. 

Sawari, n. The menses. 

Sa\va-sawa-to, adv. Clear, pure ; the 
sound of flowing or rippling water. 

Sawashi-gaki, n. Persimmons treated 
with sake to remove astringency. 

Sawate, n. Damaged, or stained with 

Sawayaka, a. Clear, pure, serene, clean, 
cheerful, fluent. 

S.ava, n. A sheath, case, scabbard, husk. 
Maine no — , a bean pod. Fude no — , 
a pencil case. 

Sava, «. Damask. 

SAVA-BASHiRi.-r;/,-i'^fz, /. V. To fall or 
slip from the scabbard. 

Sayag!,-^«, i. V. To rustle as the leaves 
of a tree when shaken by the wind. 

Savaka-na, a. Clear, distinct, plain. 

Sava-mame, n. String beans. 

Savashi, n. An auction. 

Save, adv. Even, so much as, even to, 

SAVE,-rw,-^a, i. v. To be cold, chilly ; 
to have a clear, cold appearance. 

SAYE,-r?<,-^a, t. V. To obstruct, inter- 
cept, to stop, hinder, oppose, prevent. 

Saveda, n. The end of a branch, twig. 

SAYEDZUKi,-r«,-^i'a, i. v. To twitter, 
chirp as a flock of birds ; to chatter, to 

SAYEGiRi,-r?^,-^/'rt, t. V. To fill up, block- 
up, obstruct, intercept, to hinder, pre- 
vent, to be constrained. 

SAVE-KAYE,-r« ,-/■«, /. z'. To become 
cold again in Spring. 

Sa-yen, n. A vegetable garden. 

S A VERARE,-r?< ,-/■«. Pass, and pot. of 
Sayeru, to be hindered, obstructed. 

SAYE-WATARi,-r?<,-^/f«, i. V. To be clear 
and free from haze. 

SAYE-zAVESHn,-/^/,->^«, a. Strong, hale, 
hearty, well. 

Sayo, adv. Yes, just so, indeed. — de 
gozarimasu, iust so, just as you say. 

SAYO-FUKE,-r?<, /. V. Late in the night. 

Sayomi, n. A coarse kind of hemp cloth. 

Sayo-naka, n. Midnight. 

Sayonara, interj. A salutation at part- 
ing, farewell, good-bye. 

Sayori, n. Belone Gigantea. 

Sayu, n. Hot water used for drinking. 

Saza-nami, n. Small waves, ripple. 

Sazan-kuwa, n. The mountain tea flow- 
er, — a species of Camellia. 

Sazare-ishi, n. Gravel, small pebbles. 

Sazaye, n. A shell, a species of murex. 

Sa-zen (zen ivo nasu), n. Doing good, 
! good works. 

Sazo, adv. How much, very, indeed. 
Sazo nreshikaro., how happy he must 
' Se, n. A stream of water, channel, ra- 
pids, a swift current ; a shoal. 

Se, «. A land measure, = san-jippo or 
thirty tstibo ; = 1,080 sq. feet. Se-hu., 
\ the area of a piece of land. 

Se, n. The back. 

Se, n. The world, state of existence. 

Se {kodokosht). Conferring relief, be- 
1 stowing, as in charity ; gratuity, relief, 




charity. Se-hon, books distributed gra- 
tuitously. Se-motsu, alms, charity. 
Se-s/iu, one who makes charitable offer- 
ings or gives alms. Se-yaku^ medi- 
cines dispensed gratuitously. Se-rlyo^ 
medical services given gratuitously. 
Se-viai^ rice dealt out to the needy. 

SEBAME,-r;/,-A2, t. V. To make narrow, 
to reduce in extent or size ; to be con- 
strained, urged. 

Sebi, n. A pulley. 

Sebiku, n. A dwarf. 

Sebone, n. The back-bone, spine. 

Se-bumi, n. Wading into a current to 
try its depth ; trying anything in order 
to iind out. 

SEBURi,-r^^,-//«, i. V. To tease and ex- 
tort by frequent demands. 

SECHi-GASHiKoi,-/^/,-/t«, a. Cunning, art- 
ful, crafty. 

Segaki, n. The ceremony of feeding the 
spirits of those who have no relations 
in the seventh month. 

SEG.\Mi,-;«?<,-«^rt, t. V. To tease, worry, 

Segare, n. Son (in speaking of one's 
own son to others.) 

Se-GIv6 {Jiodokoshi okonau)^ n. Alms, 
charity, charitable assistance or help. 
— surn, to do, conduct, perform, man- 
age, to grant, give, bestow, as alms. 

SEGURi,-r«.-/^«, /. V. To ooze, to drop 
or run out. 

Sei ykindzurii). — siirrt^ to prohibit, 
forbid, stop, hinder, restrain, control, 
regulate. Sei-/id, pi-ohibitory law. Sei- 
kin, to prohibit. 

Sei, n. Family name. 

Sei (ikiru), n. Life. Shi sei niei ari^ 
death and life are fixed by Provi- 

Sei (ta/ce), n. Stature. 

Sei {koye\ n. Voice ; numeral for sounds. 
Tai sei, a loud voice. 

Sei (^ikioi)^ n. Strength, force, energy, 
vigor, power ; authority, influence ; an 
army. — wo dasii, to put forth one's 
strength. — ga tsuku, to be invigor- 

Sei {utnareisiiki), n. Natural disposi- 
tion ; nature, essential quality of anj'- 
thing. Hito no — iva zen nari, man's 
natural disposition is good. 

Sei, n. Command, order, instructions. 

Sei {koshiraye)^ n. The form, make, 
fashion, or mode in which anything is 
made. — sum, to make, manufacture. 

Sei {iiiatsurigoto), n. Rule, govern- 
ment, administration of the laws. — 
stern, to govern. Sei-rei, a govern- 
ment order or notice. Sei-kejt, govern- 

ment authority, power of tTie govern- 
ment. Sei-iei, the system or constitu- 
tion of government. Sei-j'i, rule, gov- 
ernment, administration of government. 
Sei-do, the laws, ordinances, or enact- 
ments of government. Zcn-sei, good 
government. Aku sei, bad govern- 
ment. Sei-do, system or form of gov- 

Sei (nasti tokoro), n. Cause, reason, 
effect, consequence. 

Sei-dai, n. Punishment of crime. — 
sum, to punish. Seibai-shiki moku, 
criminal code. — ba. the place of 
punishment, execution ground. Mtt 
— , illegal punishment, or punishment 
of an innocent person. 

Sei-bu\, n. Strength, energy, or vigor 
of body, stamina. 

Sei-chiu-kotsu, n. The ulna. 

Sei-cho {pkiku na7-u), n. Full grown, 
full size. — SU7-U, to be full grown. 

Sei-daku {sunt!/ nigoru). Pure and im- 
pure, clear or turbid, clean or foul. 

?)E.\-T>.\SHi,-s>i,-ta, i. 7\ To put forth 
strength, to exert one's self. 

Sei-d6 {inatsurigoto >io miclii), n. Sys- 
tem, or form of government, the gov- 

Sei-d6 {aoki akaga?ie), n. Green cop- 
per, — copper that has turned green from 

Sei-fu, «. The place where the Council 
j of State meets, — the Council chamber, 
j the council of state itself, the govern- 
j ment. 

Seigiri, adv. To the utmost of one's 
ability, the most that one can do. 

SEiGiKi,-rz<,-i'/^r, i. v. To dam (as a 
stream of water.) 
J Sei-g6, n. A kind of silk stuff. 

Sei-gox, n. An oath. — ivo tateru, to 
take an oath. 

Sei-h6 {kos/iiraye kata), n. The way of 
making anything, the composition, re- 
cipe, formula. 

Sei-h6, n. The west. 

Sei-hox-ya, n. Book-bindery, a book- 

Sei-iku, «. Rearing or bringing up a child. 

Sei-ji, n. Green porcelain. 

Sei-jix, n. A sage, spoken generally of 

Sei-ji.v (/zzY^ to narit), n. A full grown 
person, an adult. — suru, to be grown 

Sei-ki, 71. Essence, active principle, the 
strength ; vital principle. 

Sei-kon, «. The soul, spirit, ghost. 
I Sei-kon, 71. Strength, vigor, energy, 
I either of body or mind, stamina. 




Sei-kuwatsu, «. Life; a living, way of 
making a living ; employment. — suru, 
to live. 

Sei-mei, n. Name, including the given 
and surname. 

Seimei (tnoc/ti), n. Life. 

Sei-mu, n. Official employment, gov- 
ernment business. 

Sei-ri, n. The laws of being or mind, 
metaphysics. — gaku^'xA. 

Sei-riki, n. Strength, power, force. 

Sei-riyaku. To abridge, to lessen, dim- 
inish', curtail. 

Sei-rivoku, n. Strength, or vigor of mind. 

Sei-riyo-zai, n. A medicine used in the 
treatment of fever, a febrifuge. 

Sei-r6, 71. A vessel for cooking with 

Sei-r6, n. A fortress constructed with 
timbers laid one over the other ; a 

Sei-r6, 71. A prostitute house. 

Sei-roku, 71. An annual income or pen- 
sion received from government. 

Sei-sai, adv. At the most, at the high- 
est, farthest. 

Sei-saku, 71. Manufacture, construction, 
make, structure. — siiru., to construct, 
build, make. 

Sei-satsl'. n. The boards on which the 
government edicts are written and hung 

Sei-shi. — sum., to stop, prevent, for- 
bid, prohibit. 

Sei-shi, «. An oath, a declaration made 
on oath. 

Sei-shigoye, n. The call or voice of 
those who go before high officials, to 
warn all bystanders to stoop down. 

Sei-shin, 71. A star. 

Sei-shin, 71. The mind, intellect, mental 

Sei-Shitsu 'yflo urushi)., «. Green lac- 

Sei-shitsu {u7)tare-tsuki\, «. Nature, 
constitution, temperament, natural dis- 
position, temper. 

Sei-sho {kiyogaki), 71. A clean writing, 
or finished copy. 

Sei-sui (kiyoki 77tidzu), 7t. Pure or clear 

Sei-sui (sakan-Ttarti otoroyerii)., n. Flour- 
ish and decay, rise and fall, prosperity 
and adversitJ^ 

Sei-tem, 71. Clear weather, unclouded 

Sei-t6, 71. A name given to copper cash. 

Sei-u-GI, 71. A barometer. 

Sei-yaku {kiisu7-i wo koshirayerii)^ «. 
Manufacturing, or compounding medi- 
cines. — j«r«, to make medicines. ' 

Seiyatto, adv. With all one's might. 
Sei-v6, 71. Western countries, European 

Sei-z6. Manufacture. — i-«r«, to make, 

Se-ji \ye no koto), n. The world, — its 

business and affairs ; civility, courtesy, 

Se-jin {yo no hiio), n. People, men, 

Se-kai, n. The earth, the material 

world, the globe. 
SEKARE,-r«,-^a, pass, of Seki. To be in 

a hurry, to be urgent. 
SEKASE,-rK-^.-z, caust. of Seki. To hurry 

Seka-seka, a^v. Impetuous, driving, 

pushing, hasty. 
Seka-tsuki,-- t7/,-?V«, /. V. To be impe- 
tuous, driving, or always in a hurry. 
Seke.n {yo 710 naka), n. The world — 

its people, pleasures, manners. 
Seki, n. Room, occasion, reason. Wa- 

rukti iu — -wa nai., no room for finding 

Seki, «. A cough. — ga deru^ to 

SEKi,-/&«,-zVa, t. V. To cough. Seite 

7ierare)nase7i, could not sleep for 

SKKi,-ku.,-ita, t. V. To hurry, to make 

haste, to urge, drive. 
Seki, «. A mat, a seat or place where 

one sits ; a room ; a place of meeting ; 

an assembly or meeting, rank. 
Seki, «. A guard house and gate, or 

barrier where travelers are stopped and 

passports examined, a pass. 
Seki, «. Evening, night ; the tenth part 

of a. go. Kon seki, this night. Clio — , 

morning and evening. 
Seki,-- ^«,-zVrt, t. v. To stop a stream of 

water by a bank of earth, to dam, keep 

back, restrain. Seki-kayesu, to dam 

up water and cause it to set back. 

Seki-ko7itii, to dam up and confine 

water. Seki-toi7terii., to dam, obstruct 

and cause to stop. 
Seki-ban, n. The stone used for litho- 
graphing, a lithograph ; a slate. 
Seki-barai, n. Clearing the throat, 
Seki-chiku, n. The pink. 
Sekida, 71. Sandals that have iron heels 

fastened to the sole. 
Seki-dai, 71. A stone for standing any- 
thing on, a flower-pot. 
Seki-dan, n. A stone step. 
Seki-d6, «. The equator. 
Seki-dzui, «. The spinal marrow- 
Seki-gaki, n. Specimens of penmanship 'l 

written by pupils for examination. 




>nuro), n. A rocky 

Seki-han, n. A kind of food made of 
red beans and rice, eaten on fete days. 

Seki-hi, n. A stone monument. 

Seki-hits'J, n. A slate pencil. 

Seki-in, n, A stone seal. 

SEKi-iRE,-ru,-^a, i. v. To dam-up a 
stream and conduct it into another 

SEK:i-KO.\ii,-;««,-«^a, /. V. To be out of 
breath with haste. 

Seki-men, n. Reddening of the face 
from shame or diffidence, blushing. 
— sicru, to blush. 

Seki-.mori, n. The guard or officers who 
are stationed at a barrier. 

S^JKi-REi. A species of wagtail. 

Seki-rin, n. Stone in the bladder, urin- 
ary calculus. 

Seki-shi {akago)^ n. An infant, newly 
born child. 

Seki-shin, n. True, sincere, 

Seki-shitsu {izu 
cave or cavern, 

Ssia-SHO, «. A barrier, pass. — yaburi^ 
passing a barrier without a passport. 
Seki-sfio-fuda^ a passport for pa^jsing a 

SEia-SHo, n. A kind of flag, Acorus. 

Seki-shoku {akai iro)^ n. Red color. 

SEKi-TATE,-r«,-/tf , t.v. To hurry, hasten, 

Seki-t6, n. A tombstone, monument 
over a grave. 

Seki-tori, n. The champion or best of 

Seki-tsume, -ru^-ta. t. v. To urge and 
vex, tease, or annoy. 

Seki-utsu, n. Long continued melan- 
choly, despondency, or gloom. 

Seki-z6, n. A stone image of a man, a 
stone idol. 

Seki-zoro, n. The singing and dancing 
of beggars, at the end of the year, from 
house to house, for money. 

SekkachIj^. Impetuous, hasty, driving. 

SEKtc.AJ, n. A kind of wooden paddle or 

Sekkaku, adz<. With especial pains, 
with much care, with much trouble. 
— 710 hoiieori ga tnuda ni natta^ all 
my trouble has been for nothing. 

Sekkaw. — siiru, to punish, chastise, 
correct, reprmand. 

Sekke.v, n. Economy, parsimony. 

Sekken, n. Soap. 

Sekki, {toshi no kure)^ n. The end of 
the year. 

Sekkiyo, {kiyo ivo tokit). —suru^ to ex- 
plain the sacred books, to preach, lec- 

Sekko, n. Gypsum or Sulphate of Lime. 

Sekkoku, n. The orchis. 

Sekkl', n. Certain holidaj-s ; as the 7th 
day of the ist month ; the 3rd day of 
the 3rd month ; 5th day of the 5th 
month ; 7th day of the 7th month ; and 
9th day of the 9th month. 

Sekuwai-sui, «. Lime-water. 

Seko, 71. Persons who beat the bush in 

SEMAi,-/^/,-;^?<,-.yA/, a. Narrow, con- 
tracted, small. Se77iaku siirii.^ to nar- 
row. Semaku naru^ to become nar- 

Semai, cont. of Sti7-u-7iiai the neg. fut. 
oi sum. Will not do, will not be. 

SEM.ARi,-r?/,-/i'a, i. V. To close up with, 
to press upon, or approach near, to 
crowd on ; straightened, confined, con- 
stricted ; to be ill used, persecuted. 

Sem-ban. Go-ku7'd — , many thanks for 
your trouble. 

Sem-bei, a. A kind of cracknel made of 

Semburi, «. The Pleurogyne rotata. 

SE.ME,-r2i;,-/<z, 1. 17. To torture, torment, 
to punish, to harass, vex, to persecute, 
scold, to afflict, to treat with rigor, to 
press ; to attack, assault, besiege, 
charge upon. 

Seme, «. An attack, assault, a charge., n. Torture, punishment, tor- 
ment ; an attack, assault, charge. 
Midzii-ze77ie^ water torture., «. A clasp or band, as for a fan, 
or umbrella. 

SEME-AGUiMi,-7«a,-«^a, /. V. To be tired, 
or disgusted with attacking, beseiging 
or torturing. 

SEME-Ai,-««,-£z//a, t. V. To attack each 

SE.ME-D.'VSHi,-j?/:,-/a, t. V. To afRict and 
expel, to persecute and cause to leave. 

Seme-dogu, 71. Instruments of torture or 

SEME-FUSE,-rz<,-^«, t. V. To attack and 
reduce or bring into subjection. 

Seme-gi, 71. A wedge. 

Skuroi. -gu,-ida, t. v. To quarrel, wran- 
gle, dispute. 

Seme-guchi, 71. The point of attack, a 

SEME-HATARi,-r«,-^/^, t. V. To treat 
cruelly, oppress, harass, vex, perse- 

SEME-iRi,-r«,-/^rt;, /. V. To attack and 
enter, enter by storm. 

SEME-NOBORI,-ra,-//a, t. V. To go up to 

SE.ME-OTOSHi,-5-?c,-^a, /. V. To take by 
storm, take by assault. 




Semete, adv. Urgently, pressingly, by 
all means, at least. — moto-dake demo 
tori-tai mono^ I would like to get back 
at least the original outlay. 

SEMETE-TOi,-(?,-^/<f , ^. V. To examine by 
torture, to annoy by persistent in- 

SEME-TORi,-r«,-//a, t. V. To attack and 
seize, to take by assault or storm. 

SEME-YOSE,-r«,-/«, t. V. To approach 
in order to attack, to charge. 

Semi, n. Cicada, or locusts. — no nu- 
kegara, the cast off shell of a cicada. 

Semmen, n. The surface of a fan. 

Semmon, {tnoppara to sum koto,) n. 
Special or particular object of pursuit 
or study, speciality. 

SeiMPUKUGE, n. The Inula Japonica. 

Se-mlshi, «. Humpback; a humpbacked 

Sen, n. The hundredth part of a dollar, 
{yen), a penny, cent. 

Sen, n. A thousand. Issen, one thou- 
sanp. Sen-ban, a thousand myriads, 
very many. Sen-ja-tnan-betszi , many 
and different. 

Sen, n. A wooden or metal pin passed 
through a hole to fasten anything, a 
bolt, a cork or stopper of a bottle. 

Sen. {snki). Previous, former, recent, 
before, last, first, late. Sen-dai, the 
former or last generation. Sen-do, the 
former or previous time, before. Se7i- 
jitsu, a former or previous day. Sen- 
kaku, a former rule or law. Sen-ken, 
seeing or perceiving anything before- 
hand, foresight. Sen-koku, a few min- 
utes before, a short time previous, re- 
cently, previously. Sett-nen, a former 
year, previous year. Sen-rei, a former 
custom, usage, or example, a precedent. 
Sen-sai, the former or first wife, late 
wife. Sen-shu, the former lord or mas- 
ter, the late lord. Sen-do, a guide. 
Sen-hai, (saki no tomogara), one's el- 
ders or predecessors. Sen-ya, a pre- 
vious night. Sen-yaku, a former con- 
tract, or promise. Sen-hi, some bad or 
evil done before, former wickedness. 
Sen-pan, the former time, previously. 
Sen-gctsu, the month before. Sen-ho, 
(senipo), the opposite party, other per- 
son. Sen-dacki, a guide, forerunner. 
Sen-datte, before, previously, lately. 
Sen-Jin, the van or front ranks of an 

Sen, n. Profit, advantage, use. — mo 
nai, useless. 

Sen, (zent), n. Small copper coin. 

Sen, //. A sort of imaginary beings, who 
live amongst the mountains; genii, fairy. 

Sen, {7noppard). Chief, principal, most 
important. — to sum, to regard as the 
chief thing. Sen-do, most important, 
chief. Sen-giyo, principal business. 
Sen-ichi, the most important, chief, 
principal. Sen-yo, the chief business. 

Sen, m. a drawing-knife, used by 

Sen, tthe fut. form of shi, suru, same as 
s/io, of the coll.) Ikani sen, what shall 
I do } Sen kata nashi, nothing can be 
done, no resource, no help for it. 

Senaka, n. The back. — bone, the 
spine, back-bone. 

Sen-cha, n. An infusion of tea leaves, 

Sen-dan, n. The Melia azedarach. 

Sen-d6, (aogi-tateru). — suru, to in- 
cite, excite, instigate. 

Sen-do, {/une no kaskira,) tt. Captain 
of a ship ; a boatman, sailor. 

Sendzlri, n. Masturbation. — wo 
kaku, to practice masturbation. 

Sendzuru-tokoro, adv. In fine, the 
sum of it, the upshoot of the matter, 

Sen-gi, n. Examining or inquiring into 
the truth or facts. — suru, to judge 
or inquire into. 

Sen-goku-bune, n. A junk of one thou- 
sand koku burden, the name of any 
large junk. 

Sen-gokudoshi, n. The name of a ma- 
chine for cleaning rice, a windmill. 

Sen-guri-ni, adv. According to priority 
or precedence. 

Sen-i, {tate yoko). The small fibres 
which cross each other in the texture or 
web of silk or cloth ; the lines of lati- 
tude and longitude in a map. Kifiu no 
— , the web of silk. — no miyakku- 
ivan, the capillary vessels. 

SKN]i,~dzum.-ta, t. v. To boil, to make 
a decoction. Senji-dasu, to extract by 
boiling, to boil out. Senji-gara, the 
grounds or refuse left after boiling or 
making a decoction. Senji-tsumeru, 
to boil down to a greater consistence. 

Sen-jo, n. Female genii, a fairy. 

Sen-jo, (tatakai ba), n. The field of 

Sen-jutsu, n. Magic arts, or miraculous 
performances of Senm'n. 

Sen-ki, n. A general term for pains, or 
complaints in the loins, pelvis, or testi- 

Sen-k6, n. Joss-sticks, incense sticks. 

Sen-kudzu, n. Metal shavings or fil- 

Sen-nin, n. Changes of office, removing 
an official from one place to another. 



Sen-nin, n. Genii, fairy. 

Sen-nuki, n. A cork-screw. 

Sen-rei, n. Baptism. — ■wo okonati, to 

Sen-ro, ft. A telegraphic line, road, or 
telegraphic communication. 

Senroppu, n. Radishes cut up very fine 
and eaten with fish. 

Sen-saku, n. Examination, inquiry, 
search, inquisition. — suru, to ex- 
amine into, to inquire. 

Sen-sei, «. A polite title used in ad- 
dressing an elderly man, a phj'sician or 
a scholar. 

Sen-shaku, «. Colic or pain in the pel- 
vic region. 

Sen-shi, «. Teacher. 

Sen-shin, (asaz fukai^ Shallow or 

Sen-s6, n. A battle. — suru, to fight, 
to engage in battle. 

Sen-soku, {ashi ^vo arati^ n. A foot- 
bath, washing the feet. 

Sensu, n. A fan that opens and shuts. 

Sen-sui, n. An artificial pond. 

Sen-taku, m. Washing, — used only of 
clothing. — sunt, to wash clothes. 

Sen-te, n. The person who comes first, 
or has the first turn, or comes before 

Sen-ten. — suru, to revolve, go round, 

Sen-ten-bivo, n. A congenital or here- 
ditary disease. 

Sen-ten-doku, «. Congenital or here- 
ditary contamination. 

Sen-t6, n. A battle. 

Sen-t6, n. A public bath-house. 

Sen-tsuki, n. A machine for cutting 
tobacco fine for smoking. — tabako, 
fine cut tobacco. 

Sen-y6, n. Many-leaved. — no hatia, 
a flower with many petals. 

Sen-zan-k6, 7t. The skin or scales of 
the manis, or pangolin, used as a medi- 

Sen-zo, n. Ancestor, forefather, pro- 

SEOi,-^,-(?^a, t. V. (in com. coll. pro- 
nounced Shot, o, ota). To carry on 
the back. 

Seppa, {toki yaburii^ — suru, to con- 
fute, to disprove. 

Seppa, n. A metal plate or ring round 
the sword-blade near the hilt. 

Seppaku, {setsti no shiviari,) n. The 
close of the season. 

Seppaku, a. Straitened, pressed, ur- 

Seppo, {ko wo iokti,) 71. Explaining, ex- 
pounding, or discoursing on the doc- 
trines of Buddhism. — suru, to preach. 

Seppu, n. A chaste or virtuous woman. 

Sepplku, {/lara-ktri,} n. Suicide by 
cutting open the abdomen. 

's>KV.\i,-ati ,-atta, t. v. To be envious of, 
jealous of. 

SB.K.\TiE,-ru,-ta, pass, or pot. of Shi, 
suru. To suffer or be the object of 
something done by another. U'ata- 
kuski lua hito ni jama wo serareia, 
I have been hindered by him. 

Seri, k. Parsley. 

SEVii,-ru,-ia, t. V. _ To hasten, hurry, to 
contend, to strive, to bid, to sell at 
auction. Seri-ageru, to raise up, as by 
a windlass ; to bid up. Seri-au, to 
struggle, rush, or strive together who 
shall be first ; to bid against each other. 
Kuwaji ga atte shibai yori hito ga 
seriatte deru, as there is a fire, people 
struggle to get out of the theatre. Seri- 
dasu, to force or squeeze out, as any- 
thing through a hole. Seri-tateru, 
to hurry or hasten the departure of 

Seri, n. Auction. — ga aru, there is 
an auction. — hiki-fuda, auction ad- 

Seri-ai, n. Contending together for 
superiority, strife, struggle, conten- 

Seri-akindo, n. A peddler. 

Seri-uri, n. Peddling. 

Se-sai. Shrewd in business, cleverness, 
knowledge of the world. 

SESEt:uMARi,-r«,-/i'a, i. v. To stoop, to 
bend the body forward, to bow. 

Seseraki, n. Shallow or shoal water. 

SESERAWAR,\i,-ai<,-a:^^a, /. V. To laugh 
with a suppressed laugh, lo chuckle. 

SESERi,-rz<,-^j'ii, t. V. To pick, to peck 
at, as a fowl in eating, or a fly, mus- 
quito, or flea ; to stick or strike at with 
anything pointed. 

Se-shi, n. An heir or inheritor of an 
estate or family name. 

SESHiME,-r«,-^iz, caust. of Shi. To cause 
another to be, or do. 

Seshime-urushi, «. A kind of cement 
or paste made of lacquer. 

Sessetsu, adv. Often, frequently, many 

Sessha, /ers. pro. I,— used only by 
honorable persons. 

SESSHi,-^z<r/^,-/^rt, t. V. To manage, di- 
rect, control. Matsurigoto wo sessuru, 
to act as regent. 

?!ES,s\ii,-stiru,shiia, t. v. To join, con- 
nect, to continue, abut upon. 

Sessho, n. A difticult or dangerous place, 
as a pass or defile. 

Sessho, {ikeru wo korosu^ n. Taking 




life, killing anything. — kai^ the com- 
mandment against taking life. 

Sessho, 71. Regent or acting emperor. 

Se-suji, n. The line dowa the back over 
the backbone. 

SETAGE,-r«,-/a, (cont. of Skiyetageru^ 
t. V. To oppress, maltreat. 

Se-tai, n. Housekeeping, household 
property. — dogu^ housekeeping uten- 
sils, mainly kitchen furniture. — no 
iriyo, family expenses. 

Se-take, n. Full growth or stature. 

Setchin, n. A privy, water-closet. 

Seto, n. A strait, a narrow channel of 

Seto-givva, n. The border of a strait ; a 
difficult or important part of one's 

Seto-mono, «. Porcelain, earthenware, 

Setsu, n. Virtue, fidelity, or constancy 
of a widow to her deceased husband ; 
fidelity, patriotism, or constancy of one 
in the midst of trial or sufferings to his 
lord or country. 

Setsu, {toki^) n. Time, period, season ; 
opportunity ; a solar term of fifteen 
days, of which th^e are twenty-four in 
a year. Seisu-bufi, the last evening 
of the old year. Setsu-ga-wari., the 
change of the season, or solar terms. 

Setsu, (hanashi^ n. Saying, teaching, 
discourse, doctrine ; common talk, re- 

Setsu- DAN, {kiri-tatsu^ n. An ampu- 
tation. — sum, to amputate. 

Setsu-gai, n. Murder, assassination. — 
surUy kill, slaj', to murder. 

Setsu-gi, «. Virtue, fidelity, constancy. 

Setsu-in, n. A privy. 

Setsu-na, n. Moment, instant, the 
shortest interval of time. — no aida 
mo wasureru kot* nashi, have not for- 
gotten it for a moment. 

Setsunai, -/•/,-/(-«, -j/i/, a. Painful, dis- 
tressing, oppressive, causing great suf- 

Setsunaru, a. Distressing, painful, af- 

Setsu-wa, «. A saying, talk, report. 

Setsu-zoku-shi, n. A conjunction. 

Setta, n. Sandals armed with iron 
heels, same as Seki'da. 

Settai, n. Gratuitously dealing out food 
to poor people. 

SETTSUKi,-/t«,-zVrt, t. V. To dun, to 
hasten, urge or hurry one in doing any- 

Sewa, n. Help, aid, assistance, patron- 
age, kind offices, agency, intervention. 
— wo surUy to befriend, aid or assist. 

Sewa-nin, : 

One who aids, renders 
lets as a go-between for 
others, a friend, helper, patron. 

Se-w.\ri, n. Cuttmg open a fish along 
the back. 

Sevva-riy6, n. Money presented to any- 
one as an acknowledgment for kind 
services or assistance. 

Sewa-se\vashii,->^z,-/6»<, a. Bustling, 
stirring, active, fussy, fidgety. 

SEWASHii,-/4-/,-yt«, a. Busy, hurrying, 
bustling, fussy, fidgety, distracted with 
business or cares. 

Sewashinai,--^/,->^«, a. Busy, hurried, 
or distracted with business, fussy, bust- 

Sewashisa, n. The state of being busy 
or actively engaged. 

SE\vAVAKi,-^«,-^a, t. V. To be oflScious 
or attentive in rendering assistance, aid, 
or services. 

Sezenagi, n. A drain, ditch, or sink to 
carry off filthy water. 

Sha. — suru, to thank, acknowledge a 
kindness ; to confess. 

Sua. — suru, to purge, to be loose in 
the bowels. 

Sha, n. Silk gauze. 

Sha, (_>nono, hito), (only used in com- 
pound words). Person, man. Gakii- 
sha, a learned man or scholar. Isha^ 
a healing man, or physician. 

Sha, n. Amnesty, pardon. 

Sha, (?>«,) n. Archery. Sha-jutsUy 

Sha, {nakama^ n. A company, associa- 
tion, clique, society. — wo fnusudu, 
to form a company. 

Shaa-shaa, adv. Shamelessly, brazen- 
faced, in a cool and impudent man- 

Shaatsuku, n. An impudent fellow, 
shameless person. 

Shaba, or shaba-sekai, n. This world. 
Shaba-fusagi., a. useless fellow. 

SHABERi,-rw,-^/a, i. V. To talk much 
and annoyingly, to prate, tattle, chat- 
ter, babble. 

Sha-betsu, n. Difference, distinction. 

Shabon, n. Soap. 

SHABURi,-r«,-^^rt, t. V. To suck. 

Shachi, n. A capstan or windlass. 

Shachihoko, n. The name of a fish, the 
ornament like a fish on the end of the 
roofs of temples. 

Sha-chiu, {iiakaina uchil) n. Company, 
club, clique, party. M^aga — no jnono, 
a member of my company. 

Shaga, n. The iris, or fleur de lis. 

SHAGAMi,-w«,-«a'a, i. 71. To squat or 
sit down on the heels, to crouch. 




Shagiri, n. A small kind of cymbal. 

Sha-hon, (utsushi hoti^ n. A copied 
book, a book written with a pen, a 

Ska-jiku, n. Tke hub of a wheel. 

Shaka,-«. The son of Jobon king of 
Makada and founder of Buddhism ; lived 
in the time of Xerxes, and died about 
475 B. c. 

Shakan-ya, n. A plasterer. 

Shake, same as Sake. A salmon. 

Shake, fi. A Sintoo priest. 

Sha-kin, n. Gold dust. 

Sha-kin-seki, n. Glass with small pieces 
of gold foil sprinkled through it. 

Shakkin, {kiiriia kane). Borrowing 
money, a loan. — suru^ to borrow 

Shakkiri, rtrf?'. Stiff, hard. — to surti^ 
to become hard or stiff. 

Shako, n. The Squilla mantis, a species 
of Crustacea. 

Shako, n. The quail. 

Shaku, n. A foot of ten inches ; (same 
length as the English foot). 

Shaku, n. A wooden tablet formerly car- 
ried by nobles when in the presence of 
the Emperor. 

Shaku, n. The title of a Buddhist priest. 
— suru., to explain, comment on. 

Shaku, h. A measure of capacity, the 
tenth part of a. go. 

Shaku, n. A dipper, ladle. 

Shaku, n. Pouring wine into the cup, 
serving out wine. — wo siiru., to serve 
out wine. 

Shaku, n. The name of a disease, per- 
haps Hysteria. — wo dekasii., to become 

Shaku-ba, {kari uvia), A hired or bor- 
rowed horse. 

Shaku-d6, n. A kind of black metal 
made by mixing copper and gold. 

Shaku-gin, h. Borrowing money, debt 
accruing from borrowing money, a loaa ; 
same as Shakkin. — wo suru., to bor- 
row money. 

Shaku-h.achi, n. A kind of flute, or pipe, 
blown at the end. 

SH.\K\]i,-ku-kuia.^ t. V. To dip up, to 

Shaku-jo, n. A staff, the top of which is 
armed with metal rings, carried by beg- 
ging priests. 

SHAKUMi,-w?^,-«^a, i. V. To be bent, 
curved, or warped so as to be concave. 

Shaku-nage, n. The Rhododendron. 

Shaku-nin, n. A waiter who serves out 
the wme. 

Shakuri, «. Hiccough. — ga tsuku^ to 

SHAKt;Ri,-r« ,-/■/«, t. V. To scoop out, as 
a hole ; to irritate, to set on, excite to 

Shakuri-naki, n. Sobbing, convulsive 
crying. — wo suru, to sob. 

Shakushi, n, A wooden ladle. 

Shaku-tori, n. A waiter who serves out 
the wine. 

Shaku-tori-mushi, «. A caterpillar. 

Shakuwan, n. A plasterer, same as Sa- 
k it wan. 

Shaku-ya, {kari iye), n. A hired house, 
or a house for rent. 

Shaku-yaku, n. The herbaceous peony. 

Shaku-yo. — J?/ r«, to borrow. 

Shaku-zai, n. Borrowed money, a debt. 

Sha-men, n. Pardon, forgiveness, ac- 
quittal. — .y«rz<, to pardon. 

SHA>n, n. One who is preparing to be a 
Bnddhist priest, a novice. 

Shami-sen. Same as Saviisen. A guitar, 
or banjo. 

Shamo, «, A large kind of fowl, intro- 
duced originally from Siam. 

Shamueo, n. Siam. 

SHANSHi,-f«,-^a. Much used in dramati- 
cal works, as an auxiliary verb, same as 
suru, nasaru, to be, to do. Shi-na- 
shanshita^ has died. 

Shara-doke, n. Untied, loose, undone. 
Obi ga — suru^ the belt is loose. 

Sharakusai, a. Affecting or pretending 
to do what one knows nothing about. 

Sh.-vre, n. A witticism, pun, a humorous 
or comical saying. 

SHARE,-rM,-/a, /, V. To be witty, hu- 
morous ; to crumble, moulder, or wear 
away — as a stone — by the washing of 
water ; to be elegant, refined, stylish. 

Sha-rei, n. Acknowledgment of a fa- 
vor, expressing thanks. 

Shari, n. A small hard substance like a 
gem, supposed to be left in the ashes 
after burning the dead body of a Bud- 
dhist saint. 

Shari, n. Diarrhoea. 

Sha-riki, n. A laborer who pushes or 
pulls a cart. 

Shari-kobe, n. A skull. 

Sha-rin, 71. The rim of a wheel, a fel- 

Shari-shari-to, adv. The sound made 
by crushing anything hard and brittle, 
as an egg-shell. 

Sh.\ri-yen, n. Epsom salts. 

Sha-sei, n. A correct or life-like picture 
of anything, a fac-simile. 

Sha-shi, iogori)., n. Extravagance, prodi- 
gality, luxury, pomp. 

Sha-shin, tt. A likeness, a photograph. 

Sha-shin-kiy6, n. A camera-obscura, a 




photographic instrument. — de utsusu, ' 
taken by photography. I 

Sha-tei, (ptdto)^ 71. Younger brother. 

Shattsura, n. Your impudent face, used 
only in contempt or anger. — ye tata- 
ki tsukeru, to strike one in the face. 

Shi, {yotsu), a. Four. Ju-shi, fourteen. 
Shi-bu ic/ii^ one-fourth. — daii^ No. 
four, the fourth. — ban me, the fourth 
one. — /z?j/a/&«, four hundred. — man, 
forty thousand. 

Shi, {uta), a. Chinese poetry, an ode, 
poem. — wo tsukuru, to write poetry. 

Shi, (samurai) n. A person belonging 
to the military class, or gentry. 

ShIj w. Death, the dead. — sum, to 
die. Shi-betsu., separated by death. 
Shi-bito, a dead person. Ski-go^ time 
of death ; after death. 

Shi, (skis/to), n. Teacher. 

Shi, n. The name of a plant — the Oxalis 

Shi, j«, or suru, shita^ t. v. To do, to 
be, to make ; used as a verbalizing affix, 
or substantive verb to words derived 
from the Chinese. Ai-suru, to love. 
Hai-suru, to worship. 

's>\\\-i>LC\Ki,-ru,-tta, i. v. To be done, 
finished, completed. 

SHi-AGE,-r/<,-/rt, t. V. To do up, to fin- 
ish doing, get through, Shi-age ni 
natta, to be finished. 

Shi-ai, n. A single combat with wooden 

SHi-Ai,-au,-a^^a, t. v. To do mutually, 
do to or for each other. 

SHi-AKi,-/(-«.-//a, /. V. To tire of doing 
anything, disgusted with doing. 

Shi-ax, (kangaye), n. Thought, consid- 
eration, reflection. — wo suru, to think 
over, consider. 

Shi-asatte, adv. Two days after to- 

Shi-avvase, n. Event, affair ; that which 
falls out, happens, or comes to pass ; 
fortune, luck. 

Shiba, n. Brushwood. Shiba-gaki, a 
hedge or fence made of brushwood. 

Shiba, n. Sod, turf, a grass-plot. 

Shibai, n. Theatrical performances, 

Shibai-gova, n. A theatre. 

Shibaraku, adv. For a short time, a lit- 
tle while. 

SHiBARARE,-r?<,-2'«, pass. and pot. of Shi- 
baru .To be bound, tied. 

Shibari,-^/^-/^^, t. V. To bind, tie, to 
fasten by encircling with a cord. 

Shiba-shiba, adv. Often, frequently. 

?>n\-BA-TATAKi,-ku-ita, i. V. To wink fre- 

Shibe, n. The nerves of a leaf, the pistil 
of a flower, the stalk to which the grains 
of rice are attached, the joints in the 
stalk of wheat or rice. 

Shibi. The bonito. 

Shi bin, n. A urinal, chamber-pot. 

SHiBiRE.-r?^,-/a, i. V. To be numb, pal- 
sied, dead. 

Shibire-gusuri, n. Narcotic, or anaes- 
thetic medicines. 

SHiBOMi,-;«M,-«^rt, i. V. To close, or 
shut, — as a flower, 

SHiBORi,-r«,-/^a, t. V. To press 6r 
squeeze out, to express, to wring. Uski 
no chichi "WO — , to millc a cow. Shi- 
bori-ioru., to squeeze out, wring out, to 

Shibl', n. The sap of a tree ; the thin 
skin round the kernel of a chesnut ; the 
juice expressed from unripe persim- 
mons, used as a stain or varnish. 

Shieu-gaki, n. An astringent kind of 

?>Hi&\Ji-ki,-ku, a. Astringent in taste, 
austere, morose, or sullen. 

Shi-bu-ichi. One-fourth ; the thin strip 
of moulding used by paper-hangers ; 
the name of a composite metal made 
of copper three parts and silver one 

Shibu-iro, n. A reddish-brown color. 

Shibl-ita, n. A board four-tenths of an 
inch in thickness, much used for clap- 

Shibu-kami, n. A kind of tough, reddish 
paper, used for wrapping. 

Shibu-kawa, n. The astringent bark, — ■ 
the inner bark of a tree. 

Shibuki, n. A driving rain. 

SHiBURi,-r?/,-^^rt, i. V. To be constricted, 
obstructed, or impeded in flowing, not 
passing easily or freely. 

Shibl'SA, n. Astringency. 

Shibu-Shibu, adv. Slowly and reluctant- 
ly, sullenly, in an ill-tempered manner. 
— shochi sum ^ to consent reluctantly. 

SHmuTOi^-ki .-ku ,-shi , a. Sullen, sulky, 
surly, crabbed, churlish, austere. 

Shichi, (jianafsu), ii. Seven. Shichi-jil, 
seventy. Jil — , seventeen. — bu ichi, 
one-seventh. — bun. No. 7, the sev- 
enth. — banme, the seventh one. 

Shichi, n. A pawn, pledge, or deposit 
given as security for money borrowed. 
Shichi - kusa, articles that can be 
pawned. Shichi-motsu^2iTt\c\&?' placed 
in pawn. 

Shichi-j6, n. The seven passions, viz: 
anger, joy, sadness, happiness, love, 
hatred, and desire. 

Shi-chiku, n. A -purple kind of bamboo. 




Shi-CHIKL', {ito take), n. String and wind 
instruments of music. 

Shichi-va, n. A pawnbroker's shop, a 

Shi-chiu, (icki no naka), n. In the mar- 
ket ; the market town. 

Shi-cho, {{-atni no kaya),n. A mosquito- 
net made of paper. 

Shida, «. A fern. 

Shidai, «. Order, arrangement ; reason, 
account, consideration ; in proportion 
to, according to, as soon as. Deki-shi- 
daiy as soon as it is done. Tsuki-shidai, 
as soon as received. 

S'rf-n Ai, n. The four elements according 
to the Buddhists: viz., earth, water, 
fire, and wind. 

Shidai-ni, adv. Gradually, by degrees, 
by little and little. 

Sijidara, n. Order, system, method, 
reason, (used with a negative). — naki, 
disordered, confused, slovenly. 

SHiDARE,-?-«,-/rt, i. V. To curve and 
bend downwards, as the branch of a 

Sh DARi-VANAGi, ti. The weeping wil- 

SAi-D.\SHi,-^?^,-^a, /. 7'. To begin to 
make or do, to enlarge, improve. 

Shi-da'^hi, «. Food cooked and supplied 
to order, productions. 

Shi-daph.-va, «. A restaurant where 
food is prepared and supplied to order. 

Shidoken'ai,-^/, ku. a. Slovenly, loose, 
not neat or methodical, discomposed or 
unsettled in mind. 

Shi-do-kix, n. Money paid for saying 
masses for the dead., coll. The Pirus Japonicus. 

Shidone, n. A rug for sitting on. 

Shidoko-modoro-xi, adv. In a confus- 
ed manner, disorderly. — aruku., to 
stagger like a drunken man. 

Saidoro-ni. In a confused, disorderly 

Shidzu, {t'yaskii). Mean, low, poor, hum- 

Shidzuka, a. Quiet, still, tranquil, peace- 
ful ; free from commotion, disturbance 
or noise ; slow. 

Shidzuku, «. A drop. — %t)0 tarasu., 
to let the drops fall, to drop. 

SHiDZLMARi,-r«,-/'i'a, i. V. To be stilled, 
quieted, lulled, tranquilized, calmed, 
pacified, subsided. 

SHiDZUMARi,-r/c,-^/'«, /. V. To be im- 
mersed, sunk, submerged. 

SHiDZu.ME,-r//,-M, t. V. To quiet, still, 
calm, tranquilize, to settle. 

SHiDZLME,-rw,-^^j, t. V. To immerse, to 
sink, put under water, submerge ; 

(met.) to drown, overwhelm, immerse, 
or sink in, as lust or wine. 

Shidzumi,-;««,-«^iz, /. V. To sink, to 
be submerged or immersed in. 

Shidzu-shidzl-to, adv. Quietly, still ; 
softly, slowly. 

Shidzu YAKA-Ni, adv. Quietly, gently, 
slowly, calmly, tranquilly. 

Shi-fu, n. Paper cloth, — cloth made by 
weaving threads made of twisted paper. 

Shi-fu, {saaturai no naraivashi)., n. 
The manners or customs of the gen- 

Shi-fu, {knsari ivo todojneru). — suru, 
to counteract or resist putrefaction. — 
zaz, antiseptic medicines. — yaku. id. 

Shi-gai, n. A corpse, dead body. 

Shi-gaku, n. Contriving, devising, plan- 
ning. — wo suru., to plan, contrive, 

SHiGAMi-TSUKi,-/t?<,-zV«, /. V. To clasp, 
shut, or fasten on ; to twine around, as 
a vine ; to throw the arms around. 

SHIGAR.A.MI, n. Piles driven along the 
banks of a stream, and interwoven with 
bamboo, to protect the bank from the 

SHI-GATAI,->C'^■,-^^/,-.r/^z■, a. Difficult or 
impossible to do. 

Shi-gatsu, n. The fourth month. 

Shige, n. The teeth. — ni kakeru., to 
talk about, speak of. 

SHiGEi,-/4'/,--^?/,-j/iz, a. Thick, close to- 
gether, dense, as grass, or leaves ; 
many, numerous, much. 

Shigedo, n. A bow wrapped around 
with rattan. 

Shigeki, n. A pricking, smarting, sharp 
pain," irritation. 

SHiGERi,-r/<',-/rt, /. V. To be thick, 
dense, close together, as leaves, or 
grass ; to be rich, luxuriant. Shigcri- 
au., to be close, or thick and matted to- 

Shigesa, n. The density, closeness, 

Shige-shige, adv. Often, frequently. 

Shigi, n. A species of woodcock. 

Shi-gi, n. Circumstance, case, account, 
reason, fact of the case. — tii yoru, 
according to circumstances. 

Shigoki,-/^^,-//^, /. V. To draw any- 
thing through the hand. 

Shigoku, adv. A superlative, = very, 
extremely, exceedingly, most, utmost. 

Shigoto, n. Work, labor, employment, 
anual labor, needle work. 

Shigoto-shi, 71. A common laborer, 

Shiguma, «. A white bear. 

SHi-GUMi,->««,-«^a, t. V. To cut and 




fit together, to prepare the frame or 
materials by fitting and joining. 

SHiGURE,-r«,-/(f, i. V. To rain in show- 
ers, to drizzle, only spoken of rain in 
the tenth month. 

Shigure, n. A drizzling shower of rain 
in the tenth month. 

Sht-hai, n. Rule, superintendence, man- 
agement, government, administration 
of affairs, control, jurisdiction. — suru^ 
to rule, govern, direct. 

Shi-hai-.nin, n. A manager, a superin- 
tendent, a factor, or agent in a mercan- 
tile house. 

Siii-HAMBUN, «. One fourth, a quarter. 

Shi-han, n. A teacher, instructor. 

Shi-han-gin, n. A quarter of a catty. 

Shi-h6, n. The four quarters, or cardi- 
nal points ; the four sides, all sides. 
Shiho-happOy on every side, in every 

Shi-h6, n. The way, manner of doing, 
or making anything ; a way, method, 
course of procedure. 

SHii,-r«,-/<^, t. V. To compel, force, con- 
strain ; press, urge. 

Shii, {mekura). Blind. Riyd gan — 
taru /lito, a man blind of both eyes. 

?)HU,-yuru^-ta, t. v. To backbite, vilify, 

Shii, n. Holding rank or office without 
performing any duty. — nnru hito. 

Shii, n. The live oak. Skii-no-ki, id. 

Shii-givaku, n. The murder of one's 
master or parent. 

Shiigoto, n. Calumny, slander, false 

Shiiko, n. Urine, used only to children. 

Shiina, «. An imperfect or immature ear 
of corn. 

SHi-iRE,-r?<,-^«, t. V. To buy, or lay in 
a quantity of anything in order to sell, 
to instruct. 

Shi-ire, n. Buying or laying in goods 
by the quantity, training, instruction. 

Shi-ire-kata, n. The purchasing clerk 
or agent in a mercantile house ; also, 
the way in which goods have been pur- 
chased ; mode of instruction. 

Shi-ire-.\io.n'o, «. Articles or goods laid 
in or purchased by the quantity. 

Shii-take, 71. A kind of dried mush- 

Shiite, adv. By force, by compulsion, 
by constraint, against the will ; obsti- 
nately, persistently. 

SHii-TSUKF,-r«,-/iZ, t. V. To compel, 
force, constrain, insist on. 

Shiji, h. The four seasons. 

Shiji.mi, w. a kind of small shell-fish. 

Shi-jin, n. A poet. 

Shijira, «. A kind of crape. 

Shi-ju, (hajime owari), n. From begin- 
ning to end, the whole, the end ; at the 
last, the result ; always, constantly. 

Shi-ju, n. Forty. — «/, forty-two. — 
j««, forty-three. 

Shi-ju-gara, n. The name of a small bird. 

Shika. n. A deer, stag. — no tsuno.^ a 
deer s horns. 

Shika, n. Disgrace, cause of shame. 

Shika, adv. So, thus, in this manner. 
— nomi tiaradzu., not only so, more- 
over. Shika-mo., besides, moreover, 
furthermore, more than this. 

Shikabane, 71. A corpse, dead body, 

Shikadzu. Not so, not like, not so good 
as, not equal to, inferior to. 

Shika-jika, adv. Well, exactly, fully, 

SHi-KAKE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To begin to do, 
to set about doing. 

Shi-kake, «. A work commenced and 
left partly done. 

Shi-kake, «. Machinery, a machine. 

Shikake, «. A long loose robe worn by 
women over their other garments. 

Shikaku, «. An assassin. 

Shi-kaku, «. Four-cornered, square. 

Shikaku, adv. So, thus, in such a way, 

Shikakubari,-^;/,-//^, /. v. To be for- 
mal, precise, to be pompous in manner. 

SHiKAiME,-^«,-^rt, t. V. To wrinkle or 
contort the face, to make a wry face, 

SHiKAMi,-;««,-«</a, /. V. To be wrink- 
led, contorted, to frown. 

Shikami-dzura, 71, A wrinkled or frown- 
ing face. 

Shikanai, adv. Only, merely, Sa»i- 
biyaku-ttin — , only three hundred 

SHi-KANE,-rM,-/«, t. V. To do with dif- 
ficulty, hard to do, or make. 

SHiKARARE,-r«,-/'rt. Pass. of Shikaru. 
To get a scolding. 

SHiKARE,-r«,-Ai. Pass, or pot. oi Skiku. 
To be pressed under anything, or over- 
laid, as by a stone, or run over by a 

SHiKARi,-r«,-^/'rt, /. V. To scold, to 
chide, rate, censure. 

SHiKARi,-r«,-.v/i/, i. zi. To be so, thus, 
this way, this mode or state, such. 
ShikaradzUy not so. Shikarazarcba., 
since it is not so, if not so. Shikareba^ 
if so, then, therefore. Shikaredottto^ 
though it be so, still, yet, but, how- 

SHiK.ASE,-rz/,-^rt. Caust. of Shiku. To 
make, or let another spread anything. 




Shikashi, conj. But, still, however, yet 
nevertheless, notwithstanding. Shika- 
shi-nagaray but, however, yet, never- 

Shika-shika, adv. So and so, and so on, 
used in the place of something omitted. 

Shikashite, adv. Then, afterward, in 
that case. 

Shi-kata, n. Way or method of doing ; 
treatment, conduct toward others ; 
way of making, resource ; gesture or 

Shikata-banashi, n. Talking or nar- 
rating a story with much gesticulation. 

Shika-to, adv. Well, fully, certainly, 

Shikatsuberashii,-/^«, a. Consequen- 
tial, important, conceited in manner, 
affected, pedantic, bombastic. 

%H\-v^.\\K^-ru ,-ta^ t. V. To do or make 
over again, to mend. 

Shike, n. A long rain, or continued 
stormy and wet weather ; a scarcity of 
fish in the market. Shike biyori., a 
continuation of stormy weather. 

Shikeito, 71. The silk reeled from the 
outside of a cocoon, and of an inferior 

Shi-ketsu-vaku, 71. Styptics, or medi- 
cines that stop the flow of blood. 

Shi-ki {yotsu no toAi)., n. The four sea- 

Shiki (/><?), n. Color, lewdness. Go 
shikt, the five colors ; vie., green, red, 
white, black, and yellow, 

Shiki, n. Law, rule, custom, usage, cere- 

Shi-k.1 {sas/tidzu), n. Command, order. 

— sum., to give orders. 
Shi-ki, «. Military spirit. 
Shiki, -,^«,-zVa, t. v. To spread, to pave ; 

to pass over, overlay. 
Shiki-buton, 71. A mattrass. 
Shiki-dai, 71. The stoop or pavement 

before the main entrance of a house. 
Shiki-gami, 71. A kind of thick paper 

used for spreading over a floor. 
Shiki-gavva, 71. A fur-skin used for 

spreading on the floor or for sitting on. 
Shiki-gawara, 71. Tiles or bricks used 

for paving. 
Shiki-ho, 71. Law, rule, custom, usage. 
Shikii, 71. The threshold, or low grooved 

beam in which a screen or door slides. 
Shiki-ishi, ti. Flat paving-stones, a 

Shiki-jitsu, 71. A day set apart for any 

purpose by custom or usage, holiday, 

Shiki-kin, n. A deposit of money as 

security, made by a tenant to the land- 

lord, which is returned when the tenant 
moves away. 

Shikimi, a. The name of a tree. 

Shiki-mono, 71. Anything used for spread- 
ing, as a carpet, rug, table-cloth, or 

Shiki-rei, 71. A law, rule, custom, usage. 

Shi-kiri, 71. A partition, a dividing line ; 
a compartment ; a mercantile transac- 
tion, in which the buyer has a quantity 
of goods placed to his credit in a whole- 
sale house, paying part of the money 
down, for which he receives an equal 
portion of the goods, and taking up the 
rest of the goods with the money re- 
ceived from the sale of the previous lot. 

SHi-KiRi,-r«,-^^«, t. V. To divide or cut 
off, by a partition, fence, or line ; to di- 
vide into compartments ; to purchase 
goods as mentioned under shi-kiri. 

Shikiri-NI, <idv. Constantly, incessantly, 

Shiki-saho, «. Law, rule, custom, usage. 

Shi-ki-se, n. Clothes given to a ser- 
vant at the change of the season. 

Shiki-sha, n. A learned man. 

Shiki-shi, 7t. Tinted or watered paper 
for writing verses on. 

SHi-KiT.'\Ri,-rz/,-/rrt, /. V. To be prac- 
ticed, or observed from ancient times. 

Shikitari, 71. A custom, usage. 

Shi-kivoku {waiakiishi no 7iiagari)., n. 
Any wrong or corruption committed 
for private ends. 

Shiki-voku 71. Lust, 

Shikkai {koto-gotoku) ., adv. All, every- 

Shikkari, adv. Strong, staunch ; firmly, 
tightly ; many, much. 

Shikke, 71. Moist or damp air, humidity, 
dampness, moisture. 

Shikkei, a. Disrespectful, uncivil, impo- 

Shikkui, n. A white plaster or cement 
made by mixing lime in the water in 
which 7iori has been boiled. — suru^ 
to cement. 

Shikkuri-to, adv. Exactly, accurately, 
nicely, snugly. 

Shikkuvva, n. A fire, conflagration. 

Shiko, n. The name of a small sea-fish. 

SHiKODZURi,-r/^,-/^a, t. v. To calumni- 
ate, slander. 

SHi-KOMi,-w«,-^rt!, t. V. To make and 
fix anything inside of something else 
(as the lead inside of a lead pencil, or a 
sword inside of a cane) ; to buy up, or 
lay in a quantity of goods ; to teach, to 
educate, to break to. 

Shi-komi, 71. Buying, or laying in goods ; 

SHI : 

Shikon, ft. The root of the Lythosper- 
mum crythrorhizon, used as a dye-stuff. 

Shikoxashi, n. Conduct or treatment 
of others ; pains or activity in doing. 

Shikon ASHi,-j«,-^rt, /. v. To thoroughly 
scrutinize and examine ; to handle, 
treat or discuss a matter. 

Shikori, n. An induration, or tumor. 

Shikoro, «. The back part or cape of a 
helmet, which protects the neck. 

Shi-koshi,-j«,-M, t. V. To beat another 
at work, to do more than is required. 

Shikoshite, conj. And, it being so. 

Shiku. To be as, to be like, as good as, 
or equal to, better than. Kannin. ni 
shiku wa nashi^ there is nothing like 

SHiKUjiRi,-r?/,-/;f«, t. V. In doing or 
making anything to spoil it, to misman- 
age, to commit a mistake, to blunder ; 
to lose, or be turned out of office or 
place ; to be dismissed. 

Shikujiri, n. A blunder, mistake, mis- 
management ; turned out of office or 
place, dismission. 

SHi-KUMi,-;;z«,-«i^a, i. v. To do to- 
gether, to be partners in, to league, 
confederate or combine together. 

Shikuri, adv. Neatly, evenly, smoothly ; 

Shi-kuse, «. Propensity to do, habit of 
doing, way of acting or speaking, hab- 
its, manners. 

Shiku-shiku, adv. In a low voice, in a 
slight degree. — to naku, to crj' in a 
low voice. 

Shi-kuwan. Filling a public office. — 
suru, to engage in official employment. 

Shima, n. An island. 

Shima^ n. The striped figure in cloth. 

Shim.\-dai, n. A stand on which branches 
of bamboo, pine, and plum, together 
with figures of the crane, tortoise, of an 
old man and woman, are arranged and 
set out on marriage occasions, being 
emblematic of virtue, happiness, and 
long life. 

SHi.MAi,-rt«,-rt/^«, t. V. To be done, to 
end, finish, conclude, terminate ; to set 
or put away, as anything not in use. 

Shi.mai, n. End, conclusion, termina- 
tion. Skimat-tnono., anything remain- 
ing over. 

Shi-mai {ane imoto), n. Sisters. 

Shi-.m.\ki, n. A shower of rain. 

SHni.\Ri, -rie,-tta, i. v. To be tight, 
tense, pressed together, close, compact, 
shut, closed ; to be strict or careful in 
conduct ; to be exact, precise, rigorous ; 
to govern, control. 

Shimari, «. Tightness, tenseness ; ex- 

40 SHI 

actness, rigorous, or scrupulous nicety ; 
precision, or regularity ; discipline, or- 

SHi-MASHi,-i'M,-^a, t. V. To do, to make. 
Nani -wo shimasu., what are you do- 
ing ? 

Shi-matsu {itioto suye)., n. The origin 
and end, all the circumstances, econo- 
my. — na htto, a careful, economical, 
or judicious person. — wo sum, to be 
economical, careful. 

Shimbari, ;/. A brace, fastening, or prop, 
as a stick placed against a door to keep 
it shut. 

Shim-batsu, n. Punishment inflicted by 
the Kami, divine punishment. — wo 

Shim-bex. Divine, miraculous or super- 
natural phenomenon. 

Shim-b6, n. Perseverance, diligent oi 
patient continuance in anything ; pa- 
tience, patient endurance, or bearing 
with ; self-denial. — auru, to perse- 
severe, to bear patiently, to hold out, 
to abstain from. 

Shimbo, n. Axis, piston. Kotna no — , 
the stem of a top. 

SiMBOCHi, n. One who experiences a 
change of heart and enters a convent ; 
a novice. 

Shim-boku, n. A sacred tree. 

Shimbo-nin, n. One who is persevering 
in business, and denies himself useless 

Shim-bun {atarashiku kikti), n. News. 
— wo noberu^ to tell the news. 

Shim-bun-shi, ti. A newspaper. 

Shime, n. A clasp, band or fastening, as 
for a fan or umbrella. 

Shime, n. The name of a small bird. 

Shims, ;/. The amount, sum, total. 

SHi.ME,-r«,-/(j, t. V. To tighten, to press, 
squeeze ; to fasten, to make firm, com- 
pact, or hard ; to scold, reprove ; to 
shut, close ; to sum up, add together ; 
to take or get possession of Hiki- 
skimeru, to draw tight. Daki-shiine- 
ru, to hug tightly. Nigiri-shimeru, 
to squeeze tightly in the hand. Kui- 
shimeru, to hold tightly in the teeth. 

Shime-daka, ft. The amount, sum, total. 

Shime-gi, «. An oil press. 

Shimeji, u. a kind of mushroom. 

Shime-k.\zari, n. The decorations of 
straw-rope, pine, bamboo, charcoal, 
crab, fern, etc., hung over the door at 
the beginning of the new year. 

Shime-kiri-do, n. A blank or false door. 

Shime-koroshi,-j?<,-2'«, /. V. To choke 
to death, to strangle. 

SHiME-KUKURi,-rM-,-^/«, t. V. To tie or 



draw tight, ^ the strings of a bag, or 

pouch ; to be strict, exact, as in the use 

of money, or in business ; to administer 

the law, to control, govern. 
Sui--^m:^ {yotsu no omoie), n. The four 

sides of anything. 
Shime-xawa, 7t. The straw rope hung 

before Miyas, or before houses on the 

beginning of the new year. 
SHiMERi,-r«,-/^(i, i. V. To be wet, damp, 

moist or soaked ; to be extinguished, go 

Shimeri, n. Dampness, moisture. 
SHiMESHi,-«<,-/rt, t. V. To wet, moisten, 
dampen ; to extinguish, put out, 
Shimeshi, -su,-ta,t. v. To show, to make 
known, to declare, inform, to publish, 
shovv forth, indicate, to instruct, ad- 
monish, teach. Yuyake loa 7niydnichi 
■no anie zuo — , a red sky in the evening 
indicates rain to-morrow. 
Shimeshi, n. Anything made known or 
declared, instruction, indication, de- 
Shimeshi, n. A diaper, napkin, or clout 
used to receive the excrement of in- 
fants, also called o-shivie. 
Shimete, adv. In all, the sum, amount. 
SHiME-TSUKE,-r?<,-2'«, t. V. To tighten, 

Shimevaka, a. Quiet, still, free from 
noise, or commotion. — narzi yo^ a 
still night. 
SHiME-YOSE,-r?(!,-/^«, t. V. To press, 

squeeze, crowd, or force near to. 
SHiMi,-r?<,-zVrt, /. V. To pierce, penetrate, 
or affect deeply ; to smart, or cause a 
sharp, piercing pain ; to stain, to spot, 
discolor. Shiini-koniu^ to eat into, to 
corrode, penetrate into, as an acid ; to 
Shimi, n. A stain. 
Shimi, n. A moth, book-worm. 
Shi-midzu {kiyoki mzdzic), n. Pure or 

clear water. 
Shimi-jimi-to, rt^z/. In a penetrating, or 

deeply affecting manner. 
Shi-min iyotsu 710 taitii), n. The four 
classes of people ; viz., the nobility, 
farmers, mechanics, and merchants. 
Shimitare,-/-?^,-;'^, i. V. To be mean, 
stingy, penurious ; to be lazy and slov- 
enly, indolent, or dirty. 
Shim-mai_, {a tar as hit kofne). n. New 

rice, this year's rice. 
Shim-maku, {tstUsiishimite nakare!) Be 
careful not to do ; or to avoid, do not ; 
also, careful, prudent. Mijiin-maku 
careful of one's self. — suru^ to be 

Shimme, n. New-sprouts, as from a 

Shim-motsu, n. A present. — -u/tf suru^ 

to make a present. 
Shimo, 71. Hoar-frost. Shimo-bashira.^ 
the small icy columns observed in fro- 
zen, wet ground. Shi7no-gare, with- 
ered by the frost, frosty, wintry. Shi- 
7no-kudzure., crumbled or disintegrated 
by frost. 
Shimo, a. Below, down ; Inferiors. Ka- 
Tva no — , down the river. — no to ia, 
the last ten daj^s of a month. Shi7no 
no hito^ an inferior, x;ommon people. 
Shimobe, n. A servant. 
SHiMOGE,-r2<,-^«, i. V. To be frosted, 
frost-bitten, spoken only of fruit or veg- 
Shimo-gove, n. Night soil, used as ma- 
Shimo-jimo, «. The lower classes, com- 
mon people. 
Shi-moku, n. The hammer, or stick 

used for striking a bell. 
Shi-mon, n. Incantation, conjuration, a 
sentence or formula used in performing 
magical arts. 
Shi-mon-sen, n. The name of a small 

iron coin. 
Shimo-onna, n. A female servant, maid- 
Shimo-otoko, n. A man-servant. 
Shimote, n. The lower part of a town, 

river, etc. 
Shimoto, a. A stick or rod. Gokusot- 
sii 710 — ni kashaku seraru, to be 
flogged with the gaoler's rod. 
Shimo-tsuke, n. A species of Spiraea. 
Shimo-tsuki, n. The eleventh month. 
Shimo-yake, n. Frost-bite. 
Shimo-yashiki, «. A house belonging 
to a noble, used only as a temporary 
Shimo-zama, n. The lower classes, com- 
mon people. 
Shimpai, 7t. Concern, anxiety, care, solici- 
tude, trouble, —suru^ to be concerned 
or troubled about. 
Shim-pan, {ataras/iii ita)., n. A new 

book, a new edition, a reprint. 
Shim-pitsu, n. A genuine writing, an 

Shim-po, n. Advancement, progress. 
Kai-kwiva ni — jKr«, to advance in 
Shim-p6, {atarashii katto)^ n. A new 

law, a new edict. 
Shim PUKU. Reliance, confidence, that 
in which one confides. — no ba7tto^ a 
confidential clerk; — suru, to rely or 
confide in, trust in. 


SHiMUKE,-r«,-/a, t. V. To do or act 
towards others, to treat, behave or con- 
duct towards, to manage, to give, be- 

Shimuke, n. Treatment, mode of con^ 
ducting, dealing, or managing. 

Shin, {kavti.) n. The deities of the Sin- 
too religion, God ; divine, most excel- 
lent, superior. Shin-jin, the spirit or 
soul of man. Shin-kt\ vigor of body, 
energy. Shin-rei^ the soul, spirit. 
Shin-riki^ divine power. Skin-taku^ 
divine communication, inspiration. 
Shin-tokri, divine virtues, or attributes. 
Shin-tsu^ divine power. 

Shin, (atarashii^ a. New. — sku^ new 
wine. — nen^ the new year. — takii, 
a new house. — cka^ new tea. 

Shin, {kerai), n. The retainer, vassal, 
serf or servant of a noble ; minister of a 
prince ; officer, a subject. 

Shin, {kokoro), n. The heart ; the wick 
of a candle ; the pith of a tree ; the 
small paper cone which supports the 
hairs of a pencil ; the heart or core of 
fruit. Aku shitty a bad heart ; immor- 
ality. Shin-chin^ in the heart. Shin- 
jutsu^ the thoughts, devices, mental 
operations. Shin-kara^ from the heart, 
sincerely, heartily. Shin-ki^ melan- 
choly, depression of spirits, Shin- 
riyokuy the mind and strength. Skin- 
rb^ mental trouble. Shin-sOy fancy, 
imagination. Shin-tei^ the bottom of 
the heart. Shtn-tsUy care, trouble, 

Shin, {makotd)^ a. Real, genuine, true. 
— «z, indeed, really, truly. 

Shin, (rnakoto otodzure)^ n. Truth, faith, 
sincerity, fidelity ; word, tidings, com- 
munication. — 1V0 toruy to believe, to 
be devout. — ivo tsudzuru, to send 
word. Skin-jin, devotion, piety, faith. 

Shin.\, n. A thing, article ; kind or qual- 
ity of a thing ; events or circumstances. 

Shina, n. China. 

Shina. a suffix to verbs, = upon, when, 
at the moment of. Yuki-skina ni^ 
upon going. Varna wo koye-skina ni, 
when crossing the mountain. 

SHiNADi,-rw,-^a, i. V. To wilt, to begin 
to wither, to become soft or flaccid., n. The balls and articles 
used in sleight-of-hand tricks. Shina- 
dama-tsukaiy a juggler, conjurer. 

SHiNAD.\RE,-r?<,-^a, i. V. To bend over 
or lean towards ; to act in a soft, sweet, 
or loving manner to one of another sex. 

Shina-gire, n. To be out or deficient of 
any article of merchandise, having sold 



SHiNAi,-a«,-//«, i. V. To be bent, crook- 
ed, curved, said of ariPthing long and 

Shixa-jixa, adv. Many or various things, 
different articles or kinds. 

Shina-katachi, n. Form, figure, shape. 

Shina-moxo, a thing, article ; kind or 
quality of anything. 

Shi-nan, «. Teaching, instruction. — 
suru, to teach, to show how. 

SHi-NAOSHi,-.s-?/,-^a, /. V. To mend, re- 
pair, to alter, to make over. 

SHi-NARE,-r«,-^j, z. V. To be used or 
accustomed to do or make, to learn to 
do, to be skilful in doing or making. 

Shi-xashi, «. Treatment, behavior, way 
of acting or doing. 

SHi-NAWASE,-r;^-/rt, caust. of shinai. 
To cause to bend, to make crooked. 

Shixavaka, a. Soft and flexible, pliant, 
delicate, limber, graceful. 

Shixaye, n. A bamboo sword used for 

SHiXAVE,-r?<,-2'a, /. V. To bend down- 
ward, as the branch of a tree. 

Shin-cha, {atarashi cha), n. New tea, 
or this year's tea. 

Shin-chiu, X. Brass. 

Shix-dai, n. Property, possessions, es- 

Shix-do, (ftirui ugoku). Shaking, trem- 
bling. — sttrUy to shake, tremble. . 

Shixdoi,-^/,--^z<, a. Tired, fatigued. 

Shi-xex, (omoi onto), n. Thinking, 
thought, care, concern. S/iinen suru, 
to think. 

Shix-gaku, n. Learning or literature re- 
lating to God, theology. — sha, a the- 

Shin-gaku, «. Moral essays or dis- 
courses, moral philosophy. 

Shixgari, n. The rearguard of an army, 
the rear ; the aftermost, hindmost. 

Shin-gi, (7nakoto itsiiwari), n. True or 
false, genuine or spurious. — wo tada- 
suy to ascertain whether anything is 
genuine or spurious. 

Shix-gi, n. The centre pin, about which 
anything turns, axle-tree, axis ; the im- 
portant part. 

Shin-guwai, (kokoro no hokaj adv. 
Regret, sorrow. 

Shix-guwan, (kokoro no negai,) n. 
Heart's desire. 

SHiNi,-?<r7/,-<^«, 2. V. To die. Shini- 
hateru, to die out, to be all cut off by 
death, as a family. Shini-iru, to be 
like one dead, as from fright. Shini- 
kakaruy to be at the point of death, 
about to die. Shini-7ne, the time of 
death, the article of death. Shini-no- 




koric^ to be left alive, to escape death, 
— all the others having died. Shini- 
sokonaii^ to outliae one's time or use- 
fulness, to fail to die. Skini-tavern, 
cut off by death, to die out. Shini- 
ivakareru^ to be separated by death. 
Skini-yamai^ a mortal or deadly dis- 

Shini, «. Death. 

Shini-gao, 71. The face of one dead. 

Shini-mono-gurui, n. Desperation. — - 
wo suru.^ to fight with desperation. 

Shi-nin, «. A dead person. — ni kuchi 
nashi., = dead men tell no tales. 

Shi-nise, n. Carrying on, conducting, 

Shin-ja, n. A devout, religious person 
a believer, a saint. 

SHiNji,-f/3;<rw,-^rt, t. V. To believe, to 
regard as true, to believe in, to confide 
in, trust in. Shinji-rareitu hanashi.^ 
an incredible story. 

Shin-ji, n. A devout person, a believer, 
a saint. 

Shin-jitsu, a. True, sincere, faithful, 
honest, real. — m\ truly, sincerely, in- 

Shin-j6, (susume ageruj. A present. 
— siiru^ to give as a present, to pre- 

SiiiN-ju, (madajna), n. A pearl. 

Shin-Jutsu, n. Acupuncture. 

Shin-ka, n. A retainer, serf, servant. 

Shin-kei, n. A nerve. 

Shin-ki, (arata). New. 

Shin-kiku, n. The name of a flowering 

Shin-kiri, n. Snuffers. 

Shin-ki-ro, n. A mirage. 

Shin-ko, n. A kind of confectionary 
made of rice flour. 

Shin-k6, n. Faith, belief, trust, confi- 
dence. — suru., to believe, credit, 
trust, confide in. 

Shin-ku. (kitrd), n. Toil, labor, hard- 
ship, pain, difficulty, trouble. 

Shin-no, n. A son of the Tens/ti, the 
prince royal, or heir apparent. Nai- 
shinno^ a princess. 

Shin-no-z6, n. The viscus called the 

Shino-dake, n. A small kind of bam- 

Shinobi,-^?^,-^^^;?, t. V. To conceal, hide, 
or keep from sight, to disguise ; to bear 
or endure in secret, to love, or long 

Shinobi, n. Disguise, concealment ; a 
spy, or disguised person. — 71a. mono., 
a spy. 

Shinobi-gayeshi, «. Sharp sticks fixed 

■ suffering any- 

on the top of a fence to prevent persons 
from climbing over. 
Shinobi-naki, 71. Weeping in se- 
Shinobi-tsuma, «. A mistress kept se- 

Shinobiyaka-ni, adv. Secretly, private- 
ly, stealthily, incognito, in disguise, 
Shixobu-gusa, 71. The name of a 

Shinogi,-_^//,-/^«, _^. V. To experience 
or suffer anything with fortitude, to 
bear, endure, stand, support, sustain, 
tolerate ; to get or rise above ; to pass 
or get through with. A7 katsji wo — , 
to endure hunger and thirst. 
SHiNOGr,,a. Endur 

thing, toleration. 
Shinogi, ti. The raised line along the 

blade of a sword. 
SHi-NOKOSHi,-.f?(!,-i'rt, t. V. To leave over 
the doing of anything to another time, 
to put off, postpone. 
SHif>f-Rri, 71. Kindred, relations either 

by birth or marriage. 
Shin-satsu, «. Examination of a patient 

by a physician. 
Shin-sen, l^/ukai asai.) «. Deep or 

Shin-setsu, n. Kindness, friendliness, 

benevolence. — «/, kindly. 
Shin-setsu, {ataraskii hafiaski.) News. 
Shin-sha, 71. Cinnabar. 
Shin-sho, {mi 7to uye,) «. Property, 
means, substance, pos.^essions, estate. 
— 71100 hi 7io warui hi to, a person who 
manages his property badly. 
Shin-shoku, (/«(? taderu.) Sleep and 
food, sleeping and eating. — wo wa~ 
sure, to forget to eat or sleep. 
Shin-soku, «. Wonderful quickness or 
rapidity. — ««, exceeding quick or 
Shin-tai, 7t. The body. 
SH\ti-TAiAsttsu7>t2c,'shirizoku,) ti. Ad- 
vancing and retreating. 
Shin-to, {ka7)n no 7nichi,) n. The re- 
ligion or worship of the Ka7ni, " Sin- 
tooism," — the most ancient religion of 
the Japanese. 
Shi-nuki,-/['2<,-zV<:j, t, V. To Complete, 

finish, accomplish. 
Shin-veki, n. The saliva. 
Shin-y6, n. Faith, trust, confidence, re- 
liance, belief. — suru, to believe, 
trust, or confide in. 
Shin-zan, (/7;?rt 7nairi.) Lately or newly 

arrived, a new-comer. 
Shin-z6, 71. A young lady. Gc-shiti-zOy 
your wife. 




Shin-zoku, n. Kindred, relations, con- 
nections on both sides. 

Shio, 71. Salt ; the water of the ocean, 
the tide. — "wo yaku^ to make salt. 
— 7ii tsukeru^ to salt, or pickle. 

Shio, n. Gamboge. 

Shio-biki, n. Salted, or pickled salmon. 

Shio-buro, n. A salt-water bath. 

Shi-ochi, n. Mistake, omission, over- 

Shiode, n. Straps or cords attached to 
both sides of a saddle for securing the 
flap, or tying on a lantern. 

Shio-dzuke, n. Pickled, or salted food. 

Skio-hama, n. The salt beach where 
salt is made. 

Shio-hayui,-/^/,->^m,-jA/, a. Salt in taste, 

Shio-hi, «. The beach over which the 
tide ebbs and flows. 

Shio-kara, n. A kind of food made by 
salting fish. 

SHio-KARAi,--^/,-/t?<,-j/iz, a. Over-salted, 
disagreeably salt. 

SHi-OKi,-/^?<,-2Vrt, t. V. To make, estab- 
lish, ordain, to enact 

Shi-OKI, «, Punishment of crime. — wo 
sum., to punish a criminal. 

Shioki-b.^, «. The place where criminals 
are executed, execution ground. 

Shio-midzu, «. Salt water, brine. 

Shion, n. The name of a flower. 

Shio-oshi, n. Salted, pickled. — ni 
suru^ to salt, pickle. 

SHiOPPAi,->t/,-/&«, a. Salt in taste, salty, 
briny, brackish. 

SHiORASHii,-,i/,-/^M, a. Delicate, tender 
and refined. 

SHiORE,-rM,-^«, 7. V. To droop, as a 
ilower ; to languish ; to lose heart, to 
be dispirited. 

Shiori, n. A book-mark made of a thin 
piece of wood. 

SHi-6SE,-rz<,-/a, /. V. To finish, com- 
plete, to do, perform, accomplish. 

Shio- shio-to, adz'. In a sad, dispirited 
manner, drooping, languishing. 

Shio-su, //. Muriatic acid. 

SHio-TARE,-r«,-^rt, /. V. To be dirty 
and greasy. 

Shio-va,-w. a salt merchant. 

Shio-ze, «. A current in the ocean. 

Shipparai, «. The rear-guard of an 

Shippei, n. A piece of broken bow, 
used as a ferule. 

Shippo, n. The tail of an animal, bird, 
fish, etc. 

Shippo, (na7tatsrt no takara). The 
seven precious things, viz. : gold, silver, 
emerald, coral, agate, crystal, and pearl. 

Shippu, n. A hurricane. 

Shira. White. — 7x>o i^/ru, to dissemble, 
to pretend or feign ignorance. 

SHiRAEAKURE,-r?/,-/rt, z. V. To appear 
not to know ; to pretend, or feign 
ignorance ; to dissemble, to connive 

SHiRABE,-r«,-^a, t. -v. To examine, in- 
vestigate, inquire into, to judge ; to 
tune, to plaj"^ on a musical instrument. 

Shirabe, n. Examination, inquiry, in- 

Shirabe-vaku, n. A judge. 

Shira-bivoshi, n. A female dancer. 

Shira-chi, n. Fluor-albus, whites. 

Shir.^fu, 71. Sober, not intoxicated or 
under the influence of drink. 

Shiraga, 71. Gray hair. 

Shira-gavu, t. V. Rice gruel, congee. 

SHiRAGE,-r«,-^a, i. V. To whiten; to 
flag, decline, fail. 

Shira-ha, 71. White teeth ; white fea- 
ther ; a naked sword. 

Shir.a-had.a, n. Vitiligo. 

Shira-hata, 71. A white flag. 

Shira-jirashii,-/^/,-^'?^, a. Having a 
feigned or dissembling appearance, 

Shira-kabe, «. White plaster. 

SHiRAKE,-r«,-/a, /. V. To become white, 
to grow dull, to languish, lose spirit. 

Shira-ki, 71. White wood ; plain, un- 
varnished, unpainted. 

Shi-raku, «. Blood-letting, venesection. 
— zvo suT'ii^ to bleed., 7t. An eruption on the 
scalp of children ; Pityriasis (?) 

Shirami. a louse. — takari., a lousy 

SHiRAMi,-;«2<,-wfif«, i. V. To become 
white, or grey ; to break, as the morn- 
ing ; to fail, decline, languish. 

Shiran, n. The Bletia Hyacinthina. 

Shira-nami, «. White waves — waves 
capped with foam. 

SHiRASE,-r«,-i'rt, caust. of Shiru. To 
make or cause to know ; to tell, inform, 

Shirase, 71. A sign, omen, prognostic, 

Shirasu, rt. The place spread with white 
sand or pebbles before a noble's door ; 
also the place where criminals are 
placed to be judged ; the bar. 

Shira-tsuvu, 71. Dew. 

Shire, -r«,-^a, poten. of Shiru. May or 
can know, to get the knowing of. Shi~ 
rcta koto., a thing well known. 

Shire-mono, ti. A fool, dunce, a cunning 

Shiri, «. The buttock, posteriors. — 




wo hashoru, to tuck up the skirts of 
the long coat. 

S)Hmi,-rii^-tta, t. V. To know, to under- 
stand. Skiri-kiivaine7-ti^ to know per- 
fectly or to the utmost. 

Shiri-ai, n. An acquaintance, mutually 

Shiri-ashi. Hesitation, pausing in doubt, 
or standing ready to go back. — wo fu- 
mu, to recede or go back. 

Shiri-bito, n. An acquaintance. 

Shiri-gai, 7t. A crupper. 

Shiri-gomi, n. Moving or walking back- 
wards, receding, holding back as in 

Shiri-me, as, Skiritne ni iniru^ to look 
a.skant, or out of the comer of the eye, 
to look down on. 

Shi-rin-sha, n. A four-wheeled car- 

Shi-riyo, (shmda hito no tainashii) ^ n. 
The spirit of a dead person. 

Shi-rivo, n. Thought, consideration, 

Shi-rivo, (wataktishi no riydbun)^ n. 
One's own estate or territory. 

Shiri-uma, as, Shiri-mna ni noru^ to 
ride behind another on horseback ; to 
slavishly imitate another. 

Shiri-ve, n. Behind. — ni tatsu, to 
stand behind. 

Shiri-zava, «. A sheath made of bear 
or tiger skin worn around the end of the 
scabbard of the long sword. 

Shirizoke,-^?/ ,-/■(?, t. V. To cause to 
retire, retreat or leave ; to drive back, 
to cause to withdraw, to expel. 

Shirizoki,-/^//,-/V<2, i. V. To retreat, re- 
tire, leave, withdraw. 

Shiro, n. A castle, the fortified resi- 
dence of a feudal chief, a fortress, 

Shiro, {ka%vari)^ n. Price, money given 
in exchange. 

Shiro. A coll. imp. of Surtt^ = seyo, do 
it, be it, whether. Nan ni shiro ka- 
•waiso-no koto da, it is a cruel thing, be 
it as it may. 

Shiro-ato, n. The ruins or vestiges of 
an ancient castle. 

Shiroi,-/^z,-^«,-j/zz, a. White ; green, 
inexperienced. Shiroku sunt, to 
whiten. Shiroku naru, to become 

Shiro-kane, n. Silver. 

Shiro-kaye, n. Barter, exchange. 

Shiro-ko, n. An albino. 

Shiro-me. «. The white of the eye, the 

Shiromi,-;«?/,-«^«, i. V. To become 
white, whiten. 

Shiromi, «. The white part ; a tinge of 
white, white of an egg, the enamel in- 
side of a copper pot. 

Shiro-moxo, n. Goods, merchandise, any 
article exchanged for money. 

Shiro-.mlku, n. White garments, such 
as are worn by women at funerals and 

Shiro-namadzu, n. Vitiligo. 

Shirosa, 71. The degree of white- 

Shiroto, n. One who does not properly 
belong to the trade or profession spoken 
of, an outsider, an inexperienced per- 

SHiR6TORASHii,-y^/,-/i'«, a. Having the 
look or manner of an unskilful, bung- 
ling, or uninitiated person. 

Shiro-zake, n. A kind of drink made of 

Shiru, n. Juice ; the fluid part of any 
substance, sap ; gravy, soup. 

Shiruhe, n. Acquaintance, a guide, a 
sijn or mark to show the way. 

Shiru-ke, m. Juicy, succulent. 

Shiru-ko, n. A sauce made of red beans 
and sugar, eaten with rice-cake. 

SHiRrsARE,-ri'(;,-/«, pass, of ShirusJti. 
Written, recorded, marked. 

Shirushi,-^-?^,-/^, /. z'. To write down, 
to enter in a book, to record, to note, to 

Shirushi, n. A mark or sign by which 
anything is known, a token, symptom, 
emblem, a badge, crest ; signal ; proof, 

Shi-sai, n. Reason, cause, motive ; mat- 
ter, particulars, circumstances. 

Shisai-ni, adv. Minutely, particularly, 

Shisairashii, a. Having a consequential, 
important, or conceited manner. 

Shi-saku, n. Making verses, or poetry. 
— suru, to write poetry. 

SHi-SASHi,-.y?<,-/rt, t. V. To leave a thing 
partly done, to lay aside. 

Shi-seki-vei, n. An amethyst. 

Shi-sex, n. A variegated paper used for 
writing verses on. 

SHiSERi,-r?<, i. V. To die. 

Shi-setsu, n. An ambassador, commis- 
sioner, herald. 

Shi-sha, n. A messenger. 

Shishi, «. A lion. 

Shishi, n. A wild hog. 

Shi-shi, (s/ioien), n. Urine ; used only 
to children. — ivosuru. 

SriiSHiBiSHio, n. Salted mince-meat. 

Shishi-buye, n. A whistle used by hun- 
ters to decoy deer. 

Shishi-Gari, tt. A deer-hunter. 




Shishi-gashira, n. A mask like a lion's 
head, used by Daikagura. 

Shishi-mai, n. The dance performed by 
the Daikagura. 

Shishi.mura, n. The flesh on the ham 
and thigh. 

Shi-shin, {waiakushi gokoro).,n. Selfish- 
ness, private interest. 

Shi-sho, n. A teacher, master. 

SHi-soKONAi,-ij:«,-a/^a, t. V. To mar, 
hurt, injure, or spoil in doing, or mak- 
ing anything ; to do amiss. 

Shi-soku, n. Son, used in speaking re- 
spectfully of the son of another. Go 
s/iisoku., your son. 

Shi-soku, (yotsu ashi)^ n. Four-footed, 
a quadruped. 

SHi-soME,-r?/,-i'«, t. V. To begin to do, 
to do for the first time. 

Shi-scn, n. Posterity, descendant. 

SH;-soNji,-^2wr?c ,-/■«. t. v. To hurt, mar, 
injure, or spoil in doing or making any- 

Sh.'-sotsu, n. Common soldiers. 

Shisso, n. Economj-, frugality, plain- 
ness, or simplicity in dress or food. 

Sh;su, or shisuru. To die. 

SHi-suMASHi,-.y«,-/a, t. r/. To finish do- 
ing or making anything, to accom- 

SH'TA, n. The tongue. — ivo maku^ 
or — vjofuril., to be struck with fear or 

Shita, {skimo)., post-posit. Below, be- 
neath, under, down ; inferior, low in 
rank or excellence ; subordinate. — 
kara deru^ to humble one's self. 

Shita, n. Anything given in lieu of 
something else, or to make up the dif- 
ference in value of things bartered. — 
ni toru^ to take in lieu. 

Shita- BA, n. The lowermost leaves of a 

SHiTACAi,-rt?<,-a^^«, i. V. To follow, to 
go after; to obey, to comply with, ac- 
cording with, agree to ; to submit, yield, 
conform to. 

Shita-g.-vki, n. The copy, or original 
writing to be copied. 

Shitagane-ya, «. A person who buys 
old metal. 

SH!-TAGARi,-r«,-j'/a, t. V. To desire to 
do, anxious to do. 

SHiTAGAVE,-r?<,-M, t. V. To cause to fol- 
low, to cause to obey or submit, bring 
into subjection. 

Shita-gi, n. An under-garment or cloth- 

Shit.\-GOKORo, n. Secretly inclined, 
minded, or disposed to anything ; se- 
cretly aware or conscious of. 

Shita-gutsu, n. A sock, or stocking 
worn inside of a shoe. 

SHi-TAi,-y^z',-/t?< , a. Wish to do or make. 
Shitaku nai., don't wish to do it. 

SHiTAi,-aw,-^/rt, t. V. To love and long 
for, to yearn after, to pine for, to desire, 
to follow. 

Shit.'V-ji, n. The bottom or lowest part, 
ground or fundamental color, texture ; 
the first coat of plaster or paint, a prim- 

Shitaji, n. Soy. 

Shita-jita, n. The inferior or lower 
classes of people. 

Shit.\ku, n. Outfit, preparation, readi- 
ness. — IVO suruy to make preparation, 
to get ready. 

Shhta-kuchibiru, n. The lower lip. 

Shit.\-mablchi, n. The lower eyelid. 

Shita- -ME, n. Contempt. — «/ niru., to 
look down on, to despise. 

SHiTAMi,-;««,-«^a, t. V. To let a fluid 
drain from anything. Tokkuri no 7ni- 
dzu wo — , to drain the water from a 

Shitami, n. Clap-boarding, weather- 
boarding. — wo utsu^ to clap-board. 

Shita-motsure, n. An impediment in 
the speech, lisping. 

Shita-namedzuri, n. Licking the chops, 
as an animal after eating. 

Shita-obi, n. The waist -cloth worn 
around the loins. 

Shitari-g.a.0, «, The face of one who 
has done something for which he feels 
elated, a vain-glorious countenance. 

Shitashii,-/^/, -/^?i(, -.y/^/, a. Friendly, 
amicable, intimate, harmonious. Slii- 
tas'iiku suru, to be friendly. 

Shitashimi, -w/«. -«^a, i. z>. To be 
friendly, amicable, or harmonious.. 

Shitashimi, n. Friendship, amity, har- 
mony, concord. 

Shitashimono, w. Boiled greens. 

SHiTAT.\.ME,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To Write. 

SHiTATAR^-rw,-//"*, i, V. To drop, or 
drain from, to drip. 

Shita-t.^radzu, n. Tongue-tied, lisping, 
or impediment in the speech. 

SHi-T.\TE,-r«,-/^, t. 7'. To make up, as 
clothes ; to tailor ; to make ready, pre- 
pare, to get up ; to bring up, educate ; 
to put on. 

Shi-tate, «. An express messenger, 

Shita-te, n. A subordinate, in subjection 
to another. 

Shi-tate-kata, «. The manner in which 
anything is got up, prepared, or 

Shitate-ya, n. A tailor. 




Shita-uchi, n. A clicking, or smacking 
sound made with the tongue, 

Shitawashii,-/^^, a. Anything longed 
for, desired, yearned after. 

Shita-ye, n. The first draught of a pic- 
ture, first copy of a drawing. 

Shitchi, n. Wet or moist ground. 

Shite, //. or Shi^ sum. Being, doing ; 
and, then, moreover. Nani -wo — />«, 
what are you doing? Hito wo shite 
yorokobashiinu^ to cause joy to others. 

Shite, «. The principal character in a 
drama or play. 

Shite, n. The doer, maker. Kono shi- 
gote no — %va dare, who did this work ? 

Shi-tei, «. A disciple, follower. 

SHiTK-YARi,-r?<,-i;^rt, t. V. To take by 
stealth and eat what belongs to an- 

Shite-kata. A workman, operative. 

SHi-TOGE,-rz/,-/«. t. V. To succeed in 
doing, finish doing, accomplish. 

SHi-TOAiE,-r«,-^rt, t. V. To finish by slay- 
ing, to give the finishing blow. 

Shito-tome, n. A hasp or clasp, for fas- 
tening a wallet. 

Shitomi, n. A kind of moveable lattice 

Shitone, n. A mattrass. 

SHiTORi,-r«,-^^a, /. V. To be damp, 

Shitovaka. Easy, graceful, gentle, quiet, 
slow and dignified. 

Shitsu, n. Nature, constitution, sub- 
stance, material. 

Shitsu, n. The itch, scabies. 

Shitsu-bo, (zvasiireru). — surti^ to for- 

Shitsu-b6 (nozomi -wo ushinaii). To be 
disappointed, fail to get one's desire. 

Shitsu-boku, a. Plain, rustic, unsophis- 
ticated, simple-minded, honest. 

SHi-TSUKE,-r« ,-;?«, t. V. To cultivate, 
to till, to produce by tillage, to teach ; 
to educate ; accustomed, or used to 

Shitsuke, «. Cultivation, breeding, 
training, home instruction in morals 
and politeness ; the basting-threads in 
a new garment. 

Shitsuke-gata, n. One who instructs 
in politeness, or etiquette ; the rules of 
good breeding, or way of bringing up. 

Shitsukoi,-/&/,-X'z<, a. Gross, or indeli- 
cate in taste ; nauseous ; given to need- 
less repitition, or inquiring over and 
over about the same thing. 

Shitsu-nen, «. Forgetfulness. — suru., 
to forget. 

Shitsu-rei, a. Rude, impolite, ill-man- 

Shi-tsu-zai, n. Anodyne medicines. 

Shiito, {netami), n. Envy, jealousy. 
— j?/:rw, to be jealous. 

Shittsui, 71. Loss, waste, or sinking of 
money from useless expenditure. 

Shi-i'chi, n. Treatment, behavior or 
conduct towards others. 

SiiiWA, 71. Wrinkles, folds, rumples ; a 

Shivvabuki, n. Clearing the throat, hem- 

SHiwAGARE,-r«,-^a, i. zi. To be hoarse. 
Skiivagare-goye.^ a hoarse or harsh 

Shivvai,-;^/,-;^?<,-j^?', a. Stingy, close, 
parsimonious, miserly, niggardly. 

SHi-vvAKE,-?-«,-/f«, t. V. To make in a 
different way, to distinguish, to divide. 

Shiwakucha. Rumpled, wrinkled, dis- 
arranged, topsy turvy. 

Shiwambo, n. A miser, a stingy fellow. 

Shiwami,-wz^, -««/«, /. V. To be wrink- 
led, rumpled. 

Shiwa-noshi, n. Smoothing out the 

SHiwARi,-r«,-W«, i. V. To bend or curve 
by a weight, as a pole, board. 

Shiw.\su, n. The twelfth month. 

Shi-waza, 7t. Work, doing, deed. 

SHi-v.\Ri,-r«,-/^rt:, t. V. To do, make. 

Shiven, 71. A purgative medicine. 

Shi-yen, ji. A paper kite. 

SHiYETAGE,-r«,-^^, t. V. To opprcss, 
treat with cruelty or tyranny. 

Shi-v6, 7i. Private business. 

Shi-y6, ti. The way or manner of doing 
or making anything ; how to do ; re- 
source, expedient. 

SHi-Yoi,-/&z,-/&^^,-j/iz', a. Easy, pleasant 
to do or make. 

Shi-voku, 71. One's own lusts or pleas- 
ures, selfish desires, self-interest. 

Shi-zai, 71. Capital punishment, execu- 

SHizARASE,-r?/,-2'rt!, t. V. To Cause to 
move backwards, to back. U7/ia wo — , 
to back a horse. 

SHiZARi,-r7/,-/'^rt, i. V. To move or go 
backwards, to fall back. 

Shizen, adv. Spontaneously, of itself, 
of its own accord j naturally, of course. 

Shi-zoku, n. Family, clan, all who bear 
the same surname. 

Sho, {fuiiii., kaku)^ 71. A book, writing, 
document. — sum., to write. 

Sho, {iiio7-o 77ior6)^ a. Many ; used in an 
indefinite sense as a plural prefix ; as, 
Sho-)ti7i^ the people. Sho-ko, the 
daimios. Sho-biyo, diseases. 

Sho. The fut. or dub. of Ski., suru. 
Na7ii to — , what shall I do ? 




Sho, n. A measure, either dry or liquid, 
equal to ten^^, or 109,752 cub. inches ; a 
little more than one qt. one pt. and a 
half gill imperial measure. 

Sho, {c/iiisai). Small, little in size ; a 
little in quantity. Sho ?io tsuki, 3ishon 
month of 29 days. Dai sho^ large and 

Sho. — suru, to call, name, designate, 

Sh6-ai, 71. Nature, quality. 

Sho-bai, n. Mercantile business, trade ; 
also any business or occupation. — 
suru, to trade, traffic. 

Sho-batsu, a. Reward and punishment. 

Sho-ben, n. Urine. — ivo suru^ to 

Sh6-bi, n. Praise, applause, commenda- 
tion. — suru^ to praise. 

Sh6-bu, (kachi 7nake)^ n. Win or lose, 
victory or defeat, a contest. — luo 
kessuru^ to decide a contest. Sho-bu- 
gotoy any kind of game of skill, contest. 

Sh6-bu, n. The sweet flag, Acorus Ca- 

Sh6-Chi, «. Consent, permission, assent, 
— suru, to know, feel, be aware of, to 
understand, concur in, to consent, as- 
sent to, accede, grant. 

Sho-chi, «. The management, conduct 
of business, treatment, or direction of 
a matter ; business, matter. — suru^ 
to manage, direct, deal with. 

Sho-chiu, «. Alcohol, or distilled spir- 

Sho-dai. Invitation. — suru., to in- 
vite, call. 

Sho-doku, n. Counteracting poison. — 
suru^ to counteract a poison. — yakzi^ 
or — za/, an antidote to a poison. 

Sh6-fu, n. A starch made of wheat 

Sho-GA, «. Ginger. 

Sho-gai, {iki no kagiri), n. Life, period 
or duration of life, life-long. Issko-gai^ 
the whole life. 

Shogaklbo, w. a large kind of turtle. 

Sho-gatsu, «. The first month. 

Sho-gengi, n. A quadrant. 

Sh6-gi, n. A camp stool. 

Sh6-gi, n. The game of chess. 

Sh6-gi, n. A wooden mallet used for 
striking a fire-bell. 

Sho-givo, {pkonau tokoro)^ n,. Actions, 
conduct, deeds, doing. 

Sho-gun, n. A general, commander-in- 
chief of an army. 

Sho-i, {7tasu tokoro^., n. The deed, do- 
ing, work ; cause, reason ; effect, con- 
sequence, result. 

Sho-jaku, (sAomoisu), n. A book. 

Sho-ji, {motsu tokoro), n. Property, 
possession, that which one owns. — 
suru^ to have, to own, possess. 

Sh6-ji, tt. A window or door-sash cov- 
ered with thin paper. GiyaDian — , 
a glass window. 

?>Hb]i^-dzurzi,-jtia^ {iimareru)^ t. or i. v. 
To produce, beget, bring forth, bear ; 
to create, make, to cause to exist or 
arise, develop, to be manifested. n 

Sho-jiki. Honest, simple-hearted ; frank, 
sincere, unsophisticated. 

Sh6-jin, n. Abstaining from fish or 
flesh, when attending to religious du- 
ties or on days of mourning. 

Sho-j6, n. A letter, epistle, dispatch, 

Sh6-j6, {isagiyoi). Clean, free from de- 

Sh6-j6, n. The orang-outang. 

Sh6-j6-hi, n. Red woolen cloth. 

Sho-kachi, n. Female gonorrhcea or 

Sho-kan, n. A letter, epistle, dispatch, 

Sh6-katsu-biy6, n. Diabetes. 

Sho-ke, ti. A common Budd. priest of 
the lowest order. 

Sh6-ki, «. Right mind or senses. — wo 
tishinaiiy to lose one's right mind, to 
become delirious. — ni naru^ to come 
to one's self. 

Sho-kix, n. Aloney or cash — not barter. 
— de kauy to buy with money, to pay 
the cash. 

Sho-kin-zai, n. Antiphlogistic medi- 

Shokkaku, n. A dependant, one who 
depends on another for support. 

Sh6-ko, «. Proof, testimony, evidence. 

Sh6-ko-nin, «. A witness. 

Shoku, n. Trade, mechanical employ- 
ment, business, duty, office. 

Shoku, {kurau). Eating, taking food, 
appetite. — surUy to eat. — bun, 
something or enough to eat. Fu — , 
no appetite. 

Shoku, {iomos/iibi), n. A light, lamp. 

Shoku-b.a, h. The place where a work- 
man does his work. 

Shoku-bun, n. One's duty, branch or 
department of work, the part of one's 
business or employment. 

Shoku-dai, «. A candle-stick, lamp- 

Shoku-do, n. The gullet, aesophagus. 

Shokl-givo, n. Business, proper work, 
duty, occupation. 

Shoku-ji, {ku-koto,) n. Eating, taking 
food, appetite. — wa ikaga, how is 
your appetite ? 


Shoku-jo, n. The Weaver or the star 
Vega, near the Milky-way. 

Shoku-motsu, (kui fnono)y n. Food, ar- 
ticles of food, victuals, provisions. 

Shoku-nin, n. A mechanic, artisan. 

Shoku-riyo, n. Provisions, materials for 
eating, food. 

Shoku-sen, n. A woollen table cover. 

Shoku-sho, «. Pain, or sickness pro- 
duced by something eaten, indiges- 

Shoku-tai, n. Indigestion. 

Sho-kuwa, n. Digestion. — no ivarui 
mono^ an indigestible thing. 

Sh6-ku\vai, n. A mercantile company, 
or firm. 

Sho-kuwan, n. A mercantile house. 

Shoku-ye, {kegare ni ftireru). Cere- 
monial uncleanness. 

Shoku-yoku, {tabetai^ n. The desire 
for food, appetite. 

Shombori-to, adv. Little, small in quan- 
tity, solitary, alone. 

Sho-metsu, f^kiye horobti7-ii). — suru., 
to put an end to, to blot out, expunge. 
Zai-slio — , to blot out sins. 

Sh6-mi, «. The true or exact weight, the 
real substance or essence separated from 

Sho-m6, (^nozo7ni)^ n. That which one 
desires or hopes for ; also = " encore," 
when used to bring back a geisha. 

Sho-mon, n. A bond, voucher, certifi- 
cate, debenture, and writing made as 
evidence or in proof of a transaction. 

Sho-motsu, n. A book. 

Sh6-ne, n. Sensation, sense, feeling, 
disposition, temper. — wo us/tinau, 
to lose one's senses. — ivo ireru, to 
give close attention ; to endow with 
sense, as an idol. 

Sho-nen, n. One young in years, a young 

Sho-ni, n. A little child. 

Sho-nin, n. A merchant.