(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "A Japanese-English and English-Japanese dictionary"

llmlfflfflllMlillS] 

pHfllHJ 

^^^^H 

^^^^^H 
IIBBIBW 

HHHI 

.- i 11 ; , ;, ''?''-;'''':)" '^i'!"V t ; v "r ','" 
1 ;. ; ''."' ; '- ! "i : '';xi^\ ; *''^^ ; '; i 'V 1 i,' : ii-!' : j] 

''; i ; ; WliO 1 1 Sill! liiiiiilmni llll! '' ' 



HANDBOUND 
AT THE 



^ 












* & 



oo^ 





%a 





P O 











JAPANESE-ENGLISH 



AND 



ENGLISH-JAPANESE 



DICTIONAEY. 



BY 



jfC^ HEPBURN, M. D., LL. D, 



FOURTH EDITION. 




TOKYO : 
Z. P. MARUYA & Co., LIMITED. 

YOKOIIA \NGIIAI, HONGKONG & SINGAPORE, 

KELLY A W \ L8H, MMTTED. 
\DON: TRUBNER & Co. 

1888. 



COPYRIGHT 1386. 

BY Z. P. MARUYA d- COMPANY, 

( MARUZEN SHOSHA ). 



SEISHI BUNSHA, PRINTERS, TOKYO. 



PREFACE. 



During the fourteen years which have elapsed since the publication of the last 
edition of this Dictionary, the Author has kept it constantly before him, correcting 
errors, improving and enlarging the definitions, and adding new words and illustra- 
tions, according as his time and other important engagements allowed him. But 
owing to the amazing changes and rapid advancement of the Japanese in every 
department, he has found it difficult to keep pace with the corresponding advance of 
the language in the increase of its vocabulary. He has endeavored, however, 
to collect these words, examine, classify and define them. Many, no doubt, have 
escaped his notice. Still there is an addition of more than ten thousand words to 
the Japanese and English part. He might have increased this number by almost 
as many more, had he thought proper to insert the purely technical terms be- 
longing to the various branches of medicine, chemistry, botany, etc., etc., each 
of which should have a separate work especially devoted to it. He had to draw a 
line somewhere, and has limited himself to such words only as are in popular 
and general use. Most of these words are of Chinese derivation. 

He has alo inserted all the archaic and now obsolete terms found in the Kojiki, 
Nanydshu, and the Monogataris which have come under his notice, hoping thereby 
to aid those who may desire to read these ancient books. To distinguish these 
words he has marked them with a dagger (t). 

Though somewhat against his own judgment, but with an earnest desire to 
further the cause of the Eomajikwai, he has altered to some extent the method 
of transliteration which he had adopted in the previous edition of this work, so as 
to conform to that which has been adopted by this society. These alterations are 
few and are fully explained in the Introduction. 

The English and Japanese part he has also carefully revised, corrected and 
considerably enlarged. 



iy PREFACE. 

With all his care and effort the author finds typographical errors have passed 
here and there undetected, especially among the Chinese characters. They are not 
many, however, and he comforts himself with the reflection that it is not human to 
be perfect, nor to produce a work in which a critical eye can detect no flaw. 

The Author commits his work to the kind forbearance of the public. Advancing 
age admonishes him that this must be his last contribution to lexicography. He 
has done his best under the circumstances. He has laid the foundation upon which 
others may build a more complete and finished structure ; and he is thankful that 
so much of the work has been given him to do. 

The Author cannot take his leave without thanking his many friends who 
have encouraged him and sympathized with him in his work ; especially Rev. O.'H. 
Gulick of Kobe, and W. N. Whitney, M.D., Interpreter to the U. S. Legation, who 
have kindly rendered him no little aid. But above all others is he indebted to 
Mr. Takahashi Goro, whose assistance throughout has been invaluable. 

J. 0. H. 

Yokohama, June, 1886* 



A TABLE OF JAPANESE KANA. 



pa 



*< 

fee 



to 



ru 



wo 



wa 



re \/ 

50 >y/ 

zo */* 
*sw *)/ 
zu *y* 

nc 
na 
ra 

tun 



C S 



VI 



A TABLE OF JAPANESE KANA. 



ma 



> 



. 



u f 



t 



t 



mo 



se 



INTRODUCTION. 



CHINESE WRITTEN LANGUAGE. 

There is but little doubt that, previous to the study of the Chinese written 
language, and the introduction of Chinese literature into Japan, the Japanese 
possessed no written language or characters of their own. 

According to Japanese history, the first teacher of Chinese was ATOGI (F*J ^i-)&), 
a son of the King of Corea, who came on an Embassy to the Court of Japan in the 
15th year of the Emperor OJIN, about A.D. 286. He remained but one year, and 
at his instigation, WANI (31 f-) was invited to Japan from Corea to teach Chinese. 
He arrived the following year. About the nationality of WANI there is some dispute ; 
but the best authorities regard him as a Corean, others as a Chinese from the 
kingdom of Go ( % ), one of the three states which, from A.D. 222 to 280, included 
in its territory part of Fokien and most of the eastern provinces of China. It was 
thus that what is called the Go-on (% ^) was brought to Japan. 

From this time the Chinese classics, and literature in all its branches, gradually 
became the study of the higher classes, of the nobles, military class, priests, and 
physicians, and extended more or less even among the farmers and merchants. 
Education consisted in learning how to read and write Chinese. This has had more 
influence than all others in directing and shaping the development and civilization 
of a people, peculiarly impressible, inquisitive, and ready to imitate and adopt 
whatever may conduce to their own aggrandizement. Thus from China were 
derived the knowledge of agriculture, manufactures, the arts, religion, philosophy, 
ethics, medicine and science generally. 

The Chinese written language, without affecting at all the grammatical structure 
of the native language, has been a vast treasury from which to draw and enrich it 
with words in every branch of knowledge. Perhaps the great advantage of having 
such materials at hand from which to form new combinations was never more 



Viii INTRODUCTION. 

apparent than at the present time, when the study of western science and institu- 
tions, necessitating a new and copious nomenclature and technology, has been 
entered upon with such avidity. The Chinese ideographs have been found equal 
to the need. With the aid of these, a new nomenclature in all departments of 
knowledge is rapidly forming, quite as expressive and appropriate as the words 
which have been introduced into the English language from the Greek and Latin, 
to which languages, in their influence upon the Anglo-Saxon and English mind and 
philosophy, the Chinese written language bears a wonderful resemblance. 

Only the highest style and smallest part of Japanese literature is written in 
pure Chinese. The largest part, and that intended for the general reader, is 
written in a mixture of Chinese and Japanese Kana, called Kana-vwjiri, in which a 
large proportion of words, the agglutinating particles, and grammatical structure, 
are purely Japanese. Below this, there is yet a style of literature written in the 
Hira-kana, without any, or a very slight mixture of Chinese. 

The Chinese spoken language has never been current in Japan. But in the 
language of the learned classes and officials, words derived from the Chinese abound; 
and from a false affectation of learning the preference is generally given to such 
words, even when, in their own more beautiful native tongue, synonymous words 
exist. The native Japanese language seems to be spoken with greater purity by 
the women than by any other class. 



KAN-ON. 

If the Japanese had confined themselves to one system of phonetics for the 
Chinese characters, the study of the language would have been much simplified, at 
least to the foreigner. But, besides the Go-on mentioned above, and after it had 
been current some 320 years, another system called the Kan- on ('JH If ) was 
introduced in the 15th year of the reign of the Emperor IZUIKO, about A.D. 605, by 
some five Japanese students who had spent a year at (Cho-an) (& $), then the seat 
of government of the Zui dynasty, now Singan, the capital of the province of Sliensi. 
The Kan-on has gradually supplanted the Go-on, being now, for the most part, used 
by the literary and official classes. The Go-on is still used by the Buddhist, and is 
the most current pronunciation of Chinese words in the common colloquial. Neither 
system, however, has been exclusively used to the rejection of the other ; long custom 
and usage seems to have settled and restricted their use to particular words. In the 
formation of new words and scientific terminology, the Kan-on is now exclusively 
used. There is still another and more recent system of sounds for the Chinese 
characters, called the To-on (J& sf), which resembles the present Mandarin sounds; 
but this is little used. 



INTRODUCTION. IX 

JAPANESE SYLLABLES. 

The Chinese characters in their entirety were the first symbols employed by 
the Japanese in writing their native tongue. These characters were used phone- 
tically, each standing for the sound of a Japanese syllable, sometimes for a word. 
In this way it happened that the Japanese letters, instead of an alphabetic, took a 
syllabic form. The most ancient books, as the Kojiki (ir l> 12,), which dates from 
A.D. 711, and the Manyoshit ($? -II ), some fifty years after, were written in this way. 

The first effort to do away with these cumbersome characters, and simplify their 
letters, gave rise to the Kana, a contraction of Kari-na (fix ), signifying borrowed 
names. The Kata-kana (ft fix ^), or side letters, are the oldest and most simple. 
They are said to have been invented by KIBI DAISHI, a man of high rank in the 
Court of the Emperor KOJIN, who died A.D. 776. They are derived from the 
Chinese characters, where, instead of the whole, only a part of the character is 
used; as, 4 from ft*, from -J5, # from t. Sometimes the whole character is 
used ; as, + for = f'. But these characters being separated, and not admitting of 
being run into each other as a grass hand, they have been little used, except in 
dictionaries, books intended for the learned, or to spell foreign names. 

The Hira-kana (*f- fix 3F), or plain letters, are also Chinese characters written 
in a running or grass hand, and more or less contracted. Thus, is the grass 
hand of &, & of , V of a. They are said to have been invented by KUHAI, a 
Buddhist priest, better known by his posthumous name of KOBODAISHI, who died in 
the 2nd year of the reign of the Emperor JIMMYO, A.D. 885. This man is also said 
to have arranged the syllables in their present order of t, ro, ha, forming them into 
a stanza of poetry. 

If the Japanese had confined themselves to a certain number of fixed symbols 
to represent their syllables, the labor of acquiring a knowledge of their written 
language would have been comparatively easy ; but having such a wide field in the 
Chinese ideographs from which to select, they have multiplied these symbols, 
making that which should he simple and plain, complex ami confusing, to the great 
annoyance and trouble of all learners, and not unfrequontlv e\vn perplexing them- 
selves. A great change, ho\v \, r, in (his respect has been produced by the use of 
movable metallic types in printing and the abandonment of the old method of 
printing on blocks. The forms of the Hii-u^ma syllables have consequently been 
reduced to two or three varieties. 

THE JAPANESE SYLLABA1 

Japanese syllabary consists of seventy-two syllabic sound*, and including 
the final v, v three. Among these there are several having the same 

sound; as, 4 and #, * and *, 7 and t, V and f, * and *. If these be 
deducted it leaves sixty-eight distinct sounds. 



X INTRODUCTION. 

These are divided by the Japanese into 47 pure (Sei-on ^ If) and 20 impure 
(DaJcu-on : $ ^} syllables, not including the final *. To express these syllables 
they employ 48 characters, represented in the following diagram, where the syllables 
are arranged in their proper order, beginning at the left and reading across 
the page :-*- 



4 i 


n ro 


si ha 


ni 


# ho 


* he 


h to 


f- cfci 


9 ri 


X nu 


fr ru 


*? wo 


"9 wa 


* ka 


a yo 


* fa 


v re 


y so 


y tsu 


3* ne 


J- na 


7 ra 


jw mu 


t> u 


# t 


} no 


* o 


9 ku 


V i/a 


r ma 


* fee 


7 / 


=3 ko 


jz e 


r te 


r a 


9- fa 


* fci 


a. yu 


X me 


5 mi 


Ss xhi 


*. ye 


b hi 


fc mo 


tS <5 


* *u 


& n 



The impure syllables are formed from the pure, by softening the initial con- 
sonant for the sake of easy pronunciation, or in writing Chinese sounds. In 
writing them they use the same characters, with two dots or a circle over the right 
shoulder, as seen in the following diagram : 



ha 


hn 


he 


to 


ehi 

4- 


ka 


ta 


so 


tu 


ku 


ke 


1* 


ko 


te 


xa 


ki 


slii 


hi 


se 


in 


* 


"ft 
















7 


7 




















ba 
.? 


bo 

tf 


be 
-? 


do 

b* 


ji 
*' 


ga 

a 


da 
^ 


zo 

/ 


zu 

? 


gu 
? 


ge 
* 


bu 
-? 


go 

=f 


de 

? 


za 

+ 


ffi 
* 


ji 
& 


bi 
t* 


te 

tf 


zu 
X 


pa 
,* 


po 

# 


pe 
*< 


















pu 
f 












P'' 
b' 







In books these marks to designate the impure sounds are often omitted ; it being 
taken for granted that the reader knows for himself when a syllable is to take this 
sound. 

Another arrangement of their syllables, which is more ancient than the i, ro, ha 
method, and to which the Japanese are very partial, is that according to the five 
vowels, called the Go-ju-on, or I-tsura no on, or the fifty sounds, as follows : 



r a 


* ka 


ft sa 


X ta 


J* na 


s** ha 


T ma 


V J/a 


? ra 


V wa 


4 i 


* ki 


S, shi 


+ chi 


^ nt 


b hi 


5 mi 


4 


9 ri 


# i 


V n 


9 ku 


* su 


y tsu 


X nu 


7 fu 


A mu 


=* y u 


** nt 


V n 


jt e 


>r ne 


fe se 


T te 


* ne 


-N he 


.x me 


* ye 


v re 


^. e 


* 


a ko 


y so 


h to 


} no 


fc ho 


^ mo 


3 yo 


p ro 


7 



To complete this table the syllables 4 , 9 , and x. have to be repeated. 



INTRODUCTION. XI 

ORTHOGRAPHY 

In transliterating the Japanese sounds into the Roman letter, the following 
system has been adopted in this work : 
a has the sound of a in father, arm. 
e has the sound of ey in they, prey. 

i has the sound of i in machine, pique, or like the sound of e in mete, 
u has the long sound of u in rule, tune, or oo in moon, excepting in the syllables 

tsii, zu, and su, when it has a close sound, resembling, as near as possible, the 

sound of u pronounced with the vocal organs fixed in the position they are in 

just after pronouncing the letter s. 
o has the sound of o in no, so. The horizontal mark over o and u indicates merely 

that the sound of o and u is prolonged. 
ai has the sound of ai in aide, or like eye. 
an has the sound of ow in cow, how. 
ch is pronounced like ch in cheek, cheap, 
sh is pronounced like sh in shall t ship shop. 
f has a close resemblance to the sound of the English/, but differs from it, in 

that the lower lip does not touch the upper teeth ; the sound is made by blow- 

ing/tt softly through the lips nearly closed, resembling the sound of w7i in who: 

fu is an aspirate, and might, for the sake of uniformity, be written 7m. 
g in the Tokyo dialect has the soft sound of ng , but in Kyoto, Nagasaki, aud the 

southern provinces it has the hard sound of </ in go, gain. 
r in ra, re, ro, ru, has the sound of the English r ; but in ri is pronounced more 

like d. But this is not invariable, as many natives give it the common r sound. 
$e in Kyoto, Nagasaki and the southern provinces is pronounced she, and ze like.y>. 

The final n, when at the end of a word, has always the sound of ng ; as, 

. nan = sang, min = ming ; but in the body of a word, when followed 

by a syllable beginning with b, m or p, it is pronounced like m, as, ban-win = 

bamming; mon-han mombang ; shin-pai = shimpai. Before the other consonants 

it has the sound of n; as, an-nai, bamlai, hanjo. 

The sounds of the other consonants, viz., b, d, h,j, k, m, n t p, , t, w, y and 
z, do not differ from their common English sounds. 



THE SYLLABLES IN COMBINATION. 

The syllables commencing with the soft aspirates h and/, and y, when preceded 
by another syllable, for tho most part loso their consonants, and their vowels com- 
bine with the vowel of the preceding syllable, sometimes forming a diphthong ; as, 



Xll 



INTRODUCTION. 



d-hi becomes ai, a-fu becomes aw or o : sometimes lengthening or reduplicating 
the sound of the first vowel ; as, nu-fu becomes MM, to-ho becomes to, i-hi becomes 
** y-f u becomes yo, ho-lio becomes o. 

Sometimes tlie consonant of the first syllable and the vowel of the second form 
a single syllable, the vowel of the first and the consonant of the second being elided. 
This is especially the case in writing the sounds of Chinese words ; as, chi-ya he- 
comes cha ; shiya, ska; chiyo, cho ; shiyo, sho , jiyo, jo ; hmvo, ho; chi-ya-n becomes 
cho ; skiyau, sho ; shi-yo-u, sho. Sometimes an entirely new sound is produced ; as, 
te-u becomes cho ; he-u, hyo ; de-fu,jo; se-fu, sho. 

As iii this Dictionary the words are arranged according to their sounds, and not 
according to the Japanese spelling with the Kana, the following table will be found 
useful to those who may wish to consult it, and who may have the A'anaonly, with- 
out the voice of the living teacher, to direct them to proper sound. 



xf 7 iuoryu 


h b toi 


Jj ft kao 


7 ^ ro 


=) 7 ko 


\ *? t? nnir> 


4 b it 


1? # do 


if go 


77 ro 


=r ^ </ 


* t? mtjo 


xf x\ iwa 


f- Y c/ta 


h' 7 go 


^ u/> 


d* 7 </o 


ji b met 


4 <^ ie 


f- 3 c//o 


3 7 yo 


^r >f t/i 


^ * ?/- 


Sx -y nhn 


n ijr ro 


f- -V ^ c/*o 


3 fy yo 


ff >N tur/t 


T ^ c//o 


zs 3 */IO 


>A ^ ho 


^" 3 # C/J0 


3 b yoi 


^ ^ f/H-O 


f 7 c/<o 


SX "V 'fy K ll <~l 


x-> 7 ho 


f- # c/ta 


9 *j to 


x 1 ij' "0 


r^ J 


i/ "V 7 << /' o 


>"\ <*. hue 


f- Jt C/lt> 


97 to 


x* ft no 


7? jo 


Jx 3 ^ /io 


x* bo 


f-* 3 JO 


ft '^ tae 


if 7 o 


T ty o or an 


x^ J</< 


x"? 7 bo 


ftjjd 


9 b tai 


it ft o 


T 7 o or a 


Sx 3. ir/iu 


^ & hyo 


=>* $ j>~' 


if*, dr, 


"X X o 


T b at 


i^ 3. fj fllfl 


x*# byd 


9 7 ?/ 


ix ^ ryo 


t ^ o 


f ^ awa 


s?-V ja 


ft ty ho 


9 3 ryo 


v 7 ryo 


* b oi 


IT* to 


1? 3 JO 


ft 7 ho 


9 3 # 7'yo 


y 7 so 


^ ->N A-ll'rt 


"9" 7 <o 


& "V jo 


ft ft ho 


9 -v >-y" 


y i 1 / *o 


^ b A-7(i 


f >> ZO 


& 7 ./ 


tfir bo 


9 ^ 'ryu 


y Tit to 


9 tj ku 


^'7 * 


s? j/i 


^ i> nyu 


5? 7 na 


y b sot 


?*>'> yica 


* /cy 


i?3, JU 


~ 7 nyu 


5? fy nil 


v* ^ 20 


v !> yo 


* 7 kyu 


^6 # T7IO 


ft nyo 


5? b 7ti 


y* 7 2 


^7 yo 


jr '"* liiwa 


q& ^- j/jo 


^. "V ^ ?yo 


>^ ^ o 


y b tsut 


V ^ 7HO 


% 3 ty A-yo 


-b ft /io 


^ b nit 


^ b ot 


"> ^ tsu 


r b nuii 


4 1 "V # ^yy 


fe 7 */to 


~ -x nie 


y 7 w 


% i? nyti 


v -x na 


^ 3. A'yu 


b /N ica 


h 7 to 


17 ^ 


-h ?r no 


^ t? A-//O 


*=Lt? kyu 


>x b *ui 


> to 


*^ ko 


+ 7 no 


^ 7 A-yo 


=L 1) yu 


x. 7 tu 


h 7* tO 


ft 7 ko 


+ ft nao 


3 ijr fcd 


=7 yn 


x* suwa 














! 7 to 


fj b kai 


r- ^ nae 


a b /coi 


3. b yui 





The system of orthography adopted in the previous edition of this work has 
been modified in a few particulars so as to conform to that recommended by the 
Romajikwai. Thus the y is omitted before e, and words which in the former 



INTRODUCTION. Xlll 

edition began with y, in this begin with e, excepting the words yen (dollar), and ye, 
(to, towards). Tlie y is also omitted in the body of purely Japanese words ; and 
such words as were formerly written hayeni, miycru, iye, yuye, are now written 
haeru, mieru, ie, yue. But in words derived from the Chinese, where the second 
syllable commences with * or *>, the y is still retained, as being preferable to the 
hyphen; thus ri-en, san-etsu, sho-en, are written riyeii, sanyetsu, sh<>i/t>n. 

Dzu is now written zu , and Chinese words formerly written Iciya, Iciyo, kiu, 
kinca, kmcai, are now written kya, kt/o, hyu, kwa, kwai. 

The syllable tsu (?), when preceding the strong consonants k, s, p, and t, is 
elided, and the consonant of the syllable following it doubled as, batsn-kun becomes 
bakkun ; inatsu-suyu becomes maxswfn ; tetsu po, teppo , matsu-taku, mattaku. 

Ku ( ?), when followed by a syllable beginning with k, loses its vowel ; as baku- 
ka becomes bakka; bihuko, bikho ; koku-ka, kokka. 

The vowels i and u are often feebly sounded; as, hito is pronounced h'to; shichi, 
sh'chi; shita, sh'ta; shite, sh'te; futatsu,f'tatsu, futo fto, etc. 

DIALECTS. 

The language of Kyoto, the ancient capital of the country, and until the restor- 
ation the residence of the Imperial Court and of literary men, has been considered 
the standard and of highest authority ; but since the restoration and the removal 
of the capital to Tokyo, the dialect of the latter has the precedence. Dialectical 
differences are numerous, and provincialisms and vulgarisms abound. The dialect 
of Satsuma is said to be so different as not to be Intelligible in other parts of the 
country, This subject, however, has not yet been fully investigated. A few of 
these differences may here be mentioned. 

In Tokyo kica is pronounced ka , kwan, kan , yicai, gai , as, gun-kiran is pro- 
nounced gunkan; kenku-a, henka ; kivaji, kaji; gwai-koku, yaikoku. Yui is frequently 
changed to t. as, yuku into J/.-M, yuld into iki, yugamu into igamu, julcu inlojiku, 
isslui into is*hi, shukn into sfiiktt. 

Hi is pronounced shi . as, hibachi is pronounced shibachi , hi-no-ki, shi-no-ki, etc. 

A'a is changed into ne as, nai into nti, thiranai into shiratui, 5 d* nat into 
.<o de nei. 

The hard g sound is softened into m/ as, kago is pronounced ka-ngo , megane, 
mt-ngane ; tugirn, au-ngiru , nt //<i (>tlii, n* nga taltai, etc. 

In the province of Echigo hi is pronounc. 1 i is changed into t . M. for 

hibachi, they say fubnt-hi . for In ".//. niku . for hikari, m fukari ura t *tasi*- 

In Izumo the syllables ha, In, fit, he, ho, are pronounced / /no: 

thus, ham-bun is pronounced fuatnbun. 

In Kazusa, ka, ki, ku, ke, ko, are changed into va, i, u, t, o. 



XIV INTRODUCTION. 

Besides the above mentioned, many other differences exist ; hut one conversant 
with the Tokyo dialect will have no difficulty iu being understood in any part of the 
country, amongst the educated classes. 

ACCENT. 

The accent in Japanese words is made by a slight elevation of the tone upon 
the accented syllable ; as a general rule, in words of two syllables it falls on the 
first ; in words of three syllables on the penult ; and in words of four syllables on 
the anti-penult. But the accent always falls upon the syllable that has a double or 
prolonged vowel sound ; as, iko, yosaso, ii-kakeru, ii-tsukeru, yumeshi. In words of 
two and like syllables, the accent varies ; thus ha'na, a flower, has the accent on the 
first syllable ; and in liana' , the nose, it falls upon the last. In /ms/tt', a bridge, 
the accent is on the final syllable ; and in ha'shi, chop-sticks, it falls upon the first. 
No effort has been made to mark these accents. 

PUNCTUATION. 

Among the difficulties which a foreigner has to meet in reading Japanese books, 
not the least are the want of proper punctuation, the running of words into each 
other, and the absence of any marks to distinguish proper names. Punctuation 
marks are sometimes used ; but, excepting the large circle O and the character , 
to separate paragraphs, they only serve to perplex the learner. The marks commonly 
used are ^ and ; these often separate a noun in the possessive case from the 
thing possessed, the object of a verb from the verb, an attributive adjective from the 
noun, and an adverb from the word it qualifies. 

To aid the learner in this matter it should be kept in mind that, a sentence 
never ends in a verb ending with te, do, domo, ba , or in the root form of a verb, in 
the attributive adjective in /a, or in an adverbial ending ; though these may often 
be equivalent to a comma or a semicolon iu English. 

The root form of the verb, and the adverbial adjective ending kit, always mark 
a continuation of the sentence. 

A sentence ends with the adjective or final form of the verb, with the predicative 
adjective endings in shi, with the preterite verb eudiuga in ta, nil, */, ki t or with 
the words nari t bashi, ari, tari, keri. 

ARTICLE. 

There is no Article in the Japanese language. 

NOUN. 

The Noun is not subject to any changes in its syllables to designate either case, 
gender, or number. 



INTRODUCTION. IV 

The case or relation of the noun to the other words of a sentence is generally 
designated by a particle or post-position placed after it ; thus, the 

Nominative or subjective by ica or ga. Hito wa, a man. 

Genitive by no or ga. Hito no, of a man. 

Dative by ni or ye. Hito ni, to a man. 

Accusative or objective by wo. Hito wo, a man. 

Vocative by yo, ya, kana. Hito yo, man ; or, oh, man ! 

Ablative by kara, yori, de, wo motte, ni, nite.* Hito de, by a man. 
The plural is only designated when it is emphatic, or refers to a class ; for this 
purpose various words and forms are employed. For persons, the words domo, 
tachi, kata, ra, nado, nazo, shu, to, following ; or by duplicating the word, as, 
ware-ware, hito-bito, shimo-jimo, shita-jita, reki-reki, hi-bi, tokoro-dokoro, sho-sho, etc.; 
or for persons or things by the words, ban, hyaku, su, sho, preceding the word. 

Gender is designated by a different word ; as, otoko, onna, nan, nyo ; or in the 
case of animals and birds by prefixing the particles, me, and o, contractions of m<-*u, 
osu, as, me-ushi, a cow; o-ushi, a bull ; me-uma (pron. mem-ma) a mare; o-uma 
(pron. omma) a stallion. 

Diminutives are formed by prefixing ko, a child, or little ; as, ko-bune, a little 
boat; ko-iuhi, a calf ; ko-uma, a colt ; ko-bashi, a little bridge; ko-ishi, a pebble; 
ko-yama, a hill. 

0, a contraction of okil, great, big, is prefixed to nouns as an amplifying 
particle ; as o-yama, a big mountain ; o-kaze, a high wind ; o-bune, a large ship ; 
o-nami, high waves ; o-ame, a heavy rain ; o-ishi, a large stone. 

Nouns expressing abstract qualities are formed by suffixing the particle sa to 
the root of the adjective ; as, shiro-sa, the whiteness ; kuro-sa, the blackness ; t(ika-$a t 
the height ; omo-sa, the weight ; kunishi-sa, the painfulness. Sometimes by the use 
of koto . as, yuki no shiroi koto, the whiteness of the snow; umi n > ni'uii koto, the 
depth of the sea ; or by the attributive form of the adjective only. 

The root form of verbs are also nouns ; aa, yorokobi, joy ; ikari, angor ; t< 
enmity ; nikumi, hatred ; nokori, the remainder ; timari, the surplus. 

ADJECTIVE. 

The adjective has no declension, or undergoes no change to exprets either cage, 
number, gender, or comparison. To the root of the adjective the syllables i, ki, ku t 
thi are affixed, in order to designate its relations or character ID a sentence. The 
syllable AT, or i, which U but a contraction of ki, aflixed to the root of the 
adjective designates the attributive form, as : 

For a more particular illustration of these particles, as well a all the words used in this 
grammar, the reader is referred to the Dictionary. 



XVI INTRODUCTION. 

Shiro, shiroki or shiroi. Shiroi kumo, a white cloud. 

Samu, samuki or sainui. Samuifuyu, a cold winter. 

Taka, takaki or takai. Takaki yama, a high mountain. 

The syllable shi affixed to the root designates the predicative form of the 
adjective. In the common colloquial, the terminal syllable i is also used to express 
the predicative, as : 

Shiro, shiroshi. Kumo ga shiroshi or shiroi, the cloud is white. 

Samu, samushi. Fuyu <ja samuslii or sannii, winter is cold. 

Taka, takashi. Yama ga takashi or takai, the mountain is high. 

The form ending in shi is only used in books, and marks the end of a sentence. 

The syllable ku affixed to the root designates the adverbial or indefinite form 
of the adjective, as. shiro, shirokn , samu, sainnkit ; taka, takaku. Shiroku iiaru, 
to become white. Samukii nai, not cold. Takaku sum, to make high. This 
form never ends a sentence. In the colloquial, the k of the last syllable is often 
rejected, and the u joined to the vowel of the penultimate ; thus, shirokn is con- 
tracted to shirou, pronounced shiro , hayaku becomes hayau, or hayo ; yoku becomes 
you, or yo ; waruku becomes warn. 

The comparative degree is expressed by the aid of yon, kara or nao, as yuki 
tva kono kami yori shiroi, snow is whiter than this paper ; kyo wa kind yori samui, 
to-day is colder than yesterday ; nao yoi, better ; nao warui, worse. 

The superlative is expressed by the use of certain adverbs, as : mottomo, itatte, 
goku, shigoku, hanahada, ito, dai-ichi no, ichi-ban. 

Adjectives are formed from nouns by the use of the post-position no, or by the 
substantive verb naru, or its contraction na, as : Makoto no kokoro, a sincere heart ; 
uso no hanashi, a false story ; ishi no hotoke, a stone idol ; aldraka naru tsuki, a 
clear moon ; hinkyu na hito, a poor man ; shojiki naru hito, an honest man. 

Or, by affixing rashiki, or rashii, a contraction of am shilci, to be like, as : 
Onna-rashii, like a woman ; otoko-rashii, like a man ; kodomo-rashii, like a child ; 
makoto-rashii, like the truth, plausible. Sometimes by affixing gamashii, supposed 
to be a contraction of hamagamasliii, the same as kama-bisushii, noisy and annoying ; 
thus : iken-gamashiijjodan-gamashii, kuro<jamashii. 

There is a class of adjectives formed from verbs by means of shild, or shiku, to 
spread or cover over, which might be called verbal adjectives ; as : osoroshilci t con- 
tracted to osoroshii, fearful ; yorokobashii, causing one to be full of joy, joyful ; 
imawashii, causing disgust, odious ; so also, kirawashii, kurushii, kuyashii, negawa- 
shii, koishii, netamasliil, etc. 

Those forms of the verb which end in u, ta, taru, or shi also perform the office 
of adjectives; as: le ni sumu hito, (lit., dwelling in the house man) the man who 
dwells in the house ; akuru toshi, the opening year, or next year ; hako ni am 
mono, (lit., have in the box things) the things which are in the box ; teppo n-o utta 



INTRODUCTION. 



XV11 



liito, (lit., fired the gnn man) the man who fired the gun ; iratakmhi no wakaranu 
koto, (lit., not knowing of mo matter) a matter which I don't know ; kami ni ataica- 
zaru koto nashi, (to God impossible thing is not) there is nothing impossible to God. 
The adjectives whose adverbial forms end in leu, by taking the substantive verb 
am as a suffix, are conjugated like a verb. Thus ynku, good, and aru, to be, is con- 
tracted into yokaru t and assumes the following forms ; 

AFFIRMATIVE. 

Ynkari. 

Yokaru, is good. 

Yokatta, yokarishi, Jd t nu, was good. 

Yokaro, yokaran, will be good. 

Yakute, being good, by being good. 

Yokare, let it be good. 

Yokaraba, yokn naraba, if it be good. 

Yokattaraba, yokattara, yohu attaraba, if, or when it 

is good. 

Yokcreba, as, since, or because it is good. 
Yokere-do, donw, yokute mo, though it be good. 
Yokattaredomo, yokurishi-kaduwo, though it was good. 

NEGATIVE. 

Yokarazu, not good. 

Yokaramt, yokarazaru, not good. 

Yokimakatta, yokarazari-xhi, /,/, was not good. 

Ytikaraji, yukcirumai, waji, would, or will not be good. 

Yokarade, yoku-nakutc, by not being good. 

r.umba, yukiui(ikatt<tr<<, if, or when it is not good. 
Yokaraneba, as it is not good. 
Yukaranedo, domo, yohunai keredowo, though it is not 

good. 

So also nakii, the adverbial form of nai, nalci, with aru, to be, ie contracted into 
nakaru, and has the following forms : 



Indefinite. 

Attrib. or adjective. 

Indicative past. 

Indie, future. 

Pres. pr. or adv. form. 

Imperative mood. 

Conditional. 

past. 

Conjunctive. 
Concessive. 

past. 

Indefinite. 

Attrib. or adjective form. 

Indicative past. 

Indicative fut. 

Part, or adv. form. 

Conditional. 

Conjunctive. 

Concessive. 



Attrib. or adj. 
In, lie. past. 
Indie, future. 
Part, or adv. 
Imperative. 
Conditional form. 
Conjunctive form. 
Concessive " 
o 



Nakaiu, is not, hnvo not. 

Kakatta, iml:<i)-i-shi, ki, MM, was not. 

ik.inm. will not bo, or have. 
tf- or ndte, not being, not having. 
' 

'inm, if it is not, if I have not. 
AVi/,v/v/*i, as, or since it IB not, or have not. 
Nafate-do, dumo, though there is uot, or have not. 



INTRODUCTION. 

PRONOUN. 

The Pronouns are divided into Personal, Demonstrative, Interrogative, Re- 
flexive, Indefinite, and Distributive. They undergo no modifications for case, 
gender, or number. 

PERSONAL PRONOUNS. Words used to express these are numerous, and are com- 
posed of words which, for the most part, humble the speaker and honor the person 
spoken to. Their use also depends upon the rank of the speaker, and whether he is 
addressing a superior, inferior, or equal ; they are, however, seldom used except 
when they are emphatic, or the subject of the sentence. 

IST PERSON. The Emperor uses Chin, a noble, yo. Watakushi is the word most 
commonly used by all classes in speaking to a superior or equal. 
Sessha, gesetsu, kono-ho, are used by the upper classes in speaking to 
equals ; and ware or warera, ore, mi, in adressing an inferior. 

2ND PERSON. In addressing the Emperor, Shujo, " your majesty ;" to a noble, gozen. 
By all classes, in speaking to a superior, anata and sonata, and the 
prefixes go, and on, are the common words. To equals, sono-moto, 
sokka, Idmi, Iciko, omae ; and in letters, kikun, kisho, kiden, gohen. To 
inferiors, sono-ho, nanji, omae, kisama, sochi, temae. 
SRD PERSON. Ano okata, ano-hito, are, kare. 

A plural is formed by affixing to these the words domo, ra, gata, tachi ; as : 
We, ivatakushi-domo, ware-ware, temae-domo. 
You, anata-gata, sonata-domo, omae-tachi, nanjira, temae-domo. 
They, Ano-hito-tachi, karera, arera. 

Demonstrative pronouns are : ko, this ; so, that ; or their formatives, kore, sore, 
are, of which the adjective forms are kono, sono, ano, kano. 

Interrogative pronouns are : nani, what ; do, what, how ; tare, or dare, who ; 
izure, which ; dochira, which ; of which the adjective forms, are: nani-no or nanno, 
dono, tare-no, izure-no, dochira-no. 

Reflexive pronouns are : jibun, jishin, mibun, onore, waga, mizukara, jiko. 

Indefinite pronouns are : nanigashi, soregashi, saru, aru, aruiwa ; also formed 
by demo, as : nani-denw, dare-demo, do-demo, izure-demo, dochira-demo. 

Distributive pronouns are : ono-ono, mei-mei, men-men, izure-mo, dochira-mo, 
mina-mina. 

There are no Relative pronouns in the Japanese, the person or thing being always 
put in direct subjection to the verb, which acts as an attributive adjective, as : 
Hon wo yomu hito, the man who reads books. 
Hon wo yonda hito, the man who has read books. 
Hito no yomu hon, the book which men read. 

Hito ni yomareru hon, a book which is read (or can be read) by men. 
Hito ni yomareta hon, a book which has been read by men. 



INTRODUCTION. 



XIX 



ToA'oro, place, is often used as a relative pronoun, as: oya no ai-sitni tokoro no 
ko, the child which the parent loves. 



NUMERALS. 

CARDINAL NUMBERS. There are two series, one native, the other derived from 
the Chinese. Of the native series the numbers up to ten are now only in common 
use ; those above ten are obsolete, though still met with in compounds and in 
ancient books. 



JAPANESE. 

1 Hitotm, contracted into Hi 



2 Futatsu, " 

3 Mitsn, " 

4 Yotsu, " 

5 Itsutsu, " 

6 Mutsu, " 

7 Xanatsu, " 

8 FateM, " 

9 Kokonotsu, " 
10 To, 

p 11 To nari Mofcw 
12 To nanfutatsu 
18 Te> jai mitsu 
20 Futato . . . 
80 31wo . . . 
60 7*o . . . . 
80 l r a*o . . . 
100 MOHIO, or Ao . 
200 Futaho . . 
500 Iho . . . . 
L 1,000 CAi . . . 
5,000 . . . , 
Yuruzu . . 



Fit . 
Mi 

Yo . 
Itsu 
Mu . 
Nana . 
Ya . 
Kokono 
To 



10,000 

50,000 

. 1,000,000 

5,000,000 

10,000,000 

100,000,000 



CHINESE. 

Ichi. 
At, 

San. 

Shi. 

Go. 

Eoku. 

Sh ichi. 

Hachi. 

Ku. 

Ju. 

Ju-icJii. 

Jn-ni. 

Ju-san. 

Ni-ja. 

San-ju. 

Qo-ju. 

Hachi-jn. 

Hijaku. 

Ni-hyaku. 

(jv-hyaku. 

Sen. 

Go -sen. 

Mm, 

Go-man. 

Hyakn-man. 

Go-tiyaku-man. 

Stm-nnm. 



XX INTRODUCTION. 

ORDINAL NUMBERS. 

The Cardinal frequently act as ordinal numbers, as : San gwatstu, the third 
month ; Meijijuku nen, the 19th year of Mciji. But ordinal numbers are generally 
formed by prefixing dai to the Chinese numeral, as : dai ichi, the first ; dai ni, the 
second ; or suffixing ban or me, as : ichi ban or ichi ban me, the first, or No. 1 ; niban 
or niban me, the second, or No. 2 ; go ken me, the fifth house ; san nin me, the 
third person ; mitsuki me, the third month ; nido me, the second time ; itchu me, the 
second block of houses. 

Distributive numbers are formed by adding zutsu or mae to the cardinal 
number, as : hitotsu zutzu, one by one, one at a time, or one apiece ; futatsu zutsu, 
two by two, etc.; ichi nin mae, one man's share ; san nin mae, three men's share. 

For Descriptive or classifying numerals, a large number of words are employed, 
the principal of which are : 

Ken for houses ; Cho for wagons, ink, candles, tools. 
So, ships ; Hon, pens, pencils, pillars, posts, bottles, etc. 
Mai, sheets of paper, notes, quilts. 
Tsuji, threads, ropes, roads, rivers. 
Satsu, books, volumes. 
Jo, mats, quires of 20 sheets of paper. 
Hiki, animals, fish. 
Wa, birds, fowls, bundles of wood. 
Soku, pair of shoes, clogs, socks. 
Bu, set of books. 
Tsutsiimi, packages. 

THE VERB. 

The Japanese verb has neither number nor person. They are divided into 
transitive, intransitive, causative, passive or potential, and negative forms. 

The moods are the indicative, imperative, conditional, conjunctive and 
concessive. 

The tenses are the past, present and future. The root form of every verb ter- 
minates in either i or e, and is also indefinite in meaning. 

The various modifications in the action or state of the verb am expressed by 
the addition to the root form of certain syllables or auxilliary words ; and also, in 
the first conjugation, by certain regular changes in the final vowel of the root. 

The verbs might be naturally arranged into two conjugations, according as the 
root form ends in i or e ; but as there are quite a number of verbs whose root forms 
end in i which take the auxilliary syllables without change, it is thought better to 
classify these into a separate conjugation, thus making three, the root form of the 



INTRODUCTION. 



XXI 



1st and 3rd conjugations ending iu ?', and the 2nd in e. Besides these, there are a 
few irregular verbs which caunot be classed with either of the above. These will be 
specified below. 

The Passive or Potential form of the verb is conjugated like the 2nd conjugation. 



FIRST CONJUGATION. ' 

(Yo-dan no hataraki.) 

To this conjugation belong the verbs whose roots end in i, which change the i 
into w, for the adjective form ; into e for the imperative mood ; and iuto a in taking 
the future suffix n, the neg. suffixes nu or zu t the caust. sent, and pass. rent. 

Those roots which end in the syllables shi, chi, change the final consonant iuto 
*aud&, and those ending in hi reject the aspirate sound in pronunciation, or 
change it into tea, as may be seen in the following examples : 





BOOT. FORM. 


ADJ. TORM. 


IMPERATIVE. 


FUTURE. 


NEGATIVE. 


CAUST. 


POT. OR PASS. 


ki. 


yaki. 


yaku. 


yake. 


i/ iik' i n. 


yakanu. 


yakaseru. 


yakareru. 


shi. 


sashi. 


sasu. 


sase. 


sasan. 


sasanu. 


saseru. 


sasareru. 


Chi. 


tachi. 


tatsu. 


tate. 


tat an. 


tatanu. 


tataseru. 


tatarcru. 


nf. 


shini. 


shinu. 


shine. 


shinan. 


shinanu. 


shinasfru. 


shinareru. 




(a/it), at. 


au. 


ae. 


tin- in. 


au-anu. 


aioasent. 


awasareru. 




(iW), u. 


iu. 


ie. 


iwan. 


iicanii. 


iwaseru. 


iu-areru. 




(ohi), oi. 


on. 


oe. 


me, in. 


owanu. 


owaseru. 


owarern. 


mi. 


yomi. 


yomu. 


yome. 


yoman. 


yomanii. 


yomaseru. 


yomareru. 


ri. 


art. 


am. 


are. 


a run. 


aranu. 


araseru. 


arareru. 


bi. 


yorokobi. 


yorokobu. 


yorokobe. 


yorokoban. 


yorokobanu. 


yorokobaseru. 


basarcru. 


9*. 


thinogi. 


thinogu. 


shinoge. 


shinogan. 


shinoganu. 


gaicru. 


gareni. 



PARADIGM OF THE FIRST CONJUGATION. 
AFFIRMATIVE. 

Root, and Indef. Kiki. 

Attrib. or adj. form, present. Kiku, hearing, hears. 

Perfect. 

Indie, past. 



Indie, fat. 
Pres. pr. or adv. 
Imperative. 

Conditional. 

past. 

Conjunctive. 



A'/'Avrw, /r/Av/'i, havo heard. 

Kiki-ta, or kiita, shi, nu, A-J, tsu, nwrw, kiitakkf, 
have heard. 

Kikan, kikr,, will hear, would hear. 

. hearing, having heard, ly hearing. 
AVA-r-, kiki-na, kikc-yn, kiki-nasare, kikasxhart, hear. 

iha, kiki-uaha, kiku-naraba, if I hear. 
Kiitaraba, kn ita naraba, if, or when I 

heard. 
I/a, as, since, or because 1 bear. 



have 



XX11 



INTRODUCTION. 



Conjunctive past. 
Concessive. 

" past. 



Indef. 

Pres. Indie, adj. 
" past. 

Indie, fut. 
Pres. pr. or adv. 

Imperative. 
Conditional, 

Cojujunctive. 

past. 
Concessive. 

past. 

Causative. 
Poteu. or pass. 

nog. 
Dosiderative. 



Kikitareba, kiita kara, as, or since I have heard. 
Kikedo, kikedomo, kiku to mo, though I hear. 
Kikitaredomo, kikishi-kadomo, kiita- her edomo, though I 
have heard. 

NEOATIVB. 

Kikazu, not hearing. 

Kikanu, kikazaru, not hearing. 

Kikananda, kikanakatta, kikiyashinakatta , kakazarishi, 
kikazariki, I have not heard. 

Kikaji, kikumaji, kikumai, kikiyasliimai, kikazaran, I 
will or would not hear. 

Kikade, kikanakute, kikanaide, by not hearing, with- 
out hearing. 

Kiku na, kiku nakare, kikazare, do not hear. 

Kikazumba, if I do not hear. 

Kikazareba, kikanela, as, or since I do not hear. 

Kikanakattareba, as, or since I have not heard. 

Kikanedo, kikanedomo, kikanai keredomo, kikanakntttmo t 
though I do not hear. 

Kikinakatta keredomo, kikazarishi kadomo, though I have 
not heard. 

Kikaseru, or ttkawj-u, to cause to, or let hear. 

Kikareru, can be heard. 

Kikarenv, cannot be heard. 

Kiki-tai, taki, taku, tashi, wish to bear* 

Kikitagai-u, to be fond of hearing. 



SECOND CONJUGATION. 

( Shimo-ni~dan no hataraki.) 

To this class belong all verbs whose root form ends in t. These make the 
adjective form by adding ru to the root, and take all the suffixes without change in 
the final vowel. 



Boot and Indef. 
Pres. Indie, adjective. 
Indie, past. 

Indie, fut. 



PARADIGM OF THE SECOND CONJUGATION. 
AFFIRMATIVE. 

Age. 

Ageru, or aguru, raising, raise. 

Age-ta,tari, *7t/, nit, /rf, ton, mine, agttakkt, I 

have raised. 
Agen t ayeyo, I will raise. 



INTRODUCTION. 



XX111 



Pres. pr. or adv. 

Imperative. 

Conditional. 

past. 

Conjunctive. 

" past. 
Concessive. 

14 past. 



Indefinite. 
Indie, pres. adjec. 
Indie, past. 

Indie, fat. 
P. pr. or adv. 

Imperative. 
Conditional. 
Conjunctive. 



Concessive 



past. 



past. 

Causative. 
Potent, or pass. 

" neg. 
Desiderative. 



Agete, raising, having raised, by raising. 

Age-yo, age-nasare, age-ne, agena, raise. 

Agenaba, ageru-naraba, if I raise. 

Ageta-naraba, agetaraba, agetara, if or when I have 

raised. 

Ageba, agureba, agereba, as, or since I raise. 
Agetareba, ageta kara, as, or since I have raised. 
Agedo, agedomo, aguru to mo, though I raise. 
Agetaredomo, ageshi-kadomo, ageta-keredomo, though I 

have raised. 

NEGATIVE. 

Agezu. 

Age-nu, age-zaru, not raising, 

Age-nanda, age-nakatta, zarishi, zarild, I have not 

raised. 
Age-ji, age-mat, agemaji, ageyashimai, agezaran, I will 

not raise. 
Age-de, age-nakute, age-naide, by not raising, without 

raising. 

Ageru na, ageru nakare, agezare, do not raise. 
Age~zumba, if I do not raise. 
Ageneba, agezareba, as, or since I do not raise. 
Agenakattareba, as, since I have not raised. 
Agenedo, domo, acfenai-keredomo, though I do not 

raise. 
Agenakatta keredomo, agezarishi kadomo, though I have 

not raised. 

Agesaseru, cause another to raise. 
Agerareru, can be raised. 
Agerarenu, cannot be raised. 
Age-tai, taki, taku t tashi, I wish to raise. 
Age-tagaru, fond of raisiug. 



THIRD CONJUGATION. 

( Kami-ni-dan no hatarctki.) 

To this class belong the verbs whose root form end in t does not change 
when it takes the suffixes, and which muko the adjective form by adding i-/. to tli 
root, and form the Imperative by affixing the syllable yo. In these 
they are conjugated like verbs of the second conjugation. 



XXIV 



INTRODUCTION. 



PARADIGM OF THE THIRD CONJUGATION. 
AFFIRMATIVE. 

Root and indef. Mi. 

Pres. indie, and Adjective. Miru, seeing, sees. 

Indie, past. Mita, mi-ski, nu, hi, tsu, nuru, mitakke, I have 

seen. 

Indie, fut. Min, miyo, I will or would see. 

Pres. pr. or adv. Mite, seeing, having seen, by seeing. 

Imperative. Miyo, wi-nasare, mina, see. 

Conditional. Miba, miru naraba, if I see. 

" past. Mitaraba, mitara, mita naraba, if or when I have seen. 

Conjunctive. Mireba, as, since, because I see. 

" past. Mitareba, mita kara, as, or since I have seen. 

Concessive. Miredo, miredomo, miru to mo, though I see. 

past. Mitaredomo, mishi kadomo, mita keredomo, though I 

have seen. 



Indefinite. 
Pres. Indie, adjec. 
past. 

fut. 

Pres. pr. or adv. 
Imperative. 
Conditional. 
Conjunctive. 

past. 
Concessive. 

" past. 

Causative. 
Potent, or pass. 
" negative. 
Desiderative. 



NEGATIVE. 

Mizu. 

Minu, mizaru, not seeing. 

Minanda, minakatta, miyashinakatta, mizarishi, mizariki, 

I have not seen. 
Miji, mimai, mimaji, miyashimai, mizaran, I will or would 

not see. 

Mide, minakute, minaide, by not seeing, without seeing. 
Miru-na, miru-nakare, mizare, do not see. 
Mizumba, if I do not see. 

Mizareba, mineba, minakereba, as, or since I do not see. 
Minakattareba, as, or since I have not seen. 
Minedo, minedomo, minai keredomo, minakutemo, though 

I do not see. 
Minakatta keredomo, mizarishi kadomo, though I have not 

seen. 

Misaseru, to cause another to see. 
Mirareru, can be seen. 
Mirarenu, cannot be seen. 
Mitai, taki, ku, shi, wish to see. 
Mitagaru, fond of seeing. 



INTRODUCTION. 



XXV 



The Causative and Potential forms of the verb are conjugated like verbs of the 
second conjugation. The desiderative form in tai goes through the changes of the 
adjective verb. The forms in gam and tagaru belong to the first conjugation. 

It may be observed here that several verbs whose adjective forms are alike be- 
long to different conjugations, as : iru Jft, to shoot; iru $$, to cast metals ; and iru %, 
to dwell, have their roots i, and belong to the third conjugation ; while iru A, to 
enter, uiul iru jft, to parch, have their roots iri, and belong to the first conjugation 
So also kiru ty to cut, has its root kiri, and belongs to the first conjugation ; and 
kini ^, to wear, has its root ki and belongs to the third conjugation. 

There are three irregular verbs, the honorific suffix masu, sum to do, and kuru 
to come ; of which, as they are in constant use, a paradigm is here given. 



PARADIGM OF IRREGULAR VERBS. 
AFFIRMATIVE. 

Root and Indef. mashi. shi. 

Adjective form, masu or masum. su or sum. 

Indie, past. mashita. shita, shi-shi, shinu. 

Indie, fut. masan, masho. sen, *ho. 

P. pr. or adv mashite. shite. 

Imperative. maw, or mashi. se-yo, shi na, shi-nasare. 

Conditional. masu naraba. sum narala. 

past, mashitaraba, ta- shinaba, shitaraba, shitara. 

ra. 

Conjunctive. masrba. seba, ntreba* 

past. ma.\hit<i knra. slntari'la, shita kara. 

Concessive. masedo, domo. suredo, sun-dtium, sum tomo, 

" past. maJiita kcrcdumo. shitareduinu, nhita kercdumo. 



ki. 

kuru. 

kita, ki-shi, nu- 

ru. 

kon, kiyo* 
kite, 
koi. 

kuru naraba. 
kinaba, kitaraba, 

kitara. 
kurcha. 

kiturJ'd, kita kara. 
kuredo, 

kuru 
kittimlnmo, kita- 

ktredomo. 



Indcf. and adj. 

Indie, past. m<la 



Indie, fut. 

P. pr. or adv. maihi nakuU. 



NEOATIVB. 

unit, sezu, getaru. 
tenanda, xhiuakatta. 

ltd*, ihinalcnte, thinaiiU. 



konu, kotu, 
konanda, 
ta, kozai 

, ki- 



hods, konakuU, ko- 
naide. 



XXVI 

Imper. 

Conditional. 

Conjunctive. 

" past. 
Concessive. 

" past. 

Canst. 
Poten. 

" neg. 

Desiderative. 



INTBODUCTION. 
masu na. sum na, suru nakare. 

masezumba. sezumba, shinakute wa. 

seniya, shinakucha. 
maseneba. seneba, shi nakereba. 



kuru na, Jeuru na- 

kare. 
kozumba, konaku~ 

te wa. 
koneba, kinakere- 



mashi-nakattaraba. shi nakattareba. ki nakattareba. 

masenedo, mashinai senedo, senedomo, shi-nai ke- konedo, domo, 



keredomo. redomo. 

masenakatta kere- shinakatta keredomo, sezari- 
domo. shi kadomo. 

saserii. 
serarei'U. 
serarenu. 
shi-tai, ki, ku, shi. 



konaikeredomo. 

konakatta keredo- 
mo. 

kisaseru. 

korareru. 

korarenu. 

kitai, to, ku t 
shi. 

kitagaru. 



shitagaru. 

Compound verbs are numerous. In such words the first verb always takes the 
root form, and is subordinate to the last, expressing the manner in which its action 
is performed, as : Nusumi-toru, to take by stealing ; kami-kiru, to cut by biting ; 
aruki-kudaru, to descend by walking, walk down ; aruJci-noboru, to ascend by walk- 
ing, walk up ; tsuki-tosu, to make go through by thrusting, thrust through. 

By suffixing the verb at, au, signifying to meet, join, to the roots of other 
verbs, the action of the verb becomes reciprocal ; thus, hanashi, talking, becomes 
hanashi-au, to talk together ; hore, loving, hore-au, to love each other ; daki, em- 
bracing, daki-au, embracing each other ; and in the causative form daki-awaseru, to 
make to embrace each other ; hanashi- aw aseru, cause to talk to each other. 

In order to illustrate the use of the verb in its various moods and tenses, the 
following colloquial examples are appended . 



PERFECT. 



To ni kiita. 

Hon wo yonda. 

So itta hito wa dare ? 

Watakushi no mita wa shirokatta. 

Watakushino wita no niwa kuroi no ba- 

kari de atta. 
Watakushi mo mita g a o hanashi no tori 

de atta. 



Have already heard it. 

Have read the book. 

Who said so ? 

The one I saw was white. 

Those that I saw were all black. 

I also have seen it, and it is just as you 
said. 



INTRODUCTION. 



XXV11 



Kowareta mono wo yakamasldku itte mo Scolding won't mend a thing that has 

naora-nai. been broken. 

Ko shite mo ii to ittakara ho sum, I do so because you said it was better to 

do it so. 

Mita ga do sum ? What if I have seen it ? 

So shita yori ko shita ho ga ii. This way of doing it is better than that. 



Myonichi Tokyo ye yuko 
nichi shitaku wo sum. 
Ashita yuko ka shiranu. 



Mita ga yokaro ka ? 
Ame gafuru daro ka ? 
Hito ga kiitara warau de aro. 
Mohaya Into ga kiita de aro. 
Kesa hayaku tatta kara mo imagoro To 
kyo ye tsuitaro. 



FUTURE . 

to omote kon- I think of going to Tokyo to-morrow and 

am getting ready to-day. 
I don't kuor whether I shall go to- 
morrow. 

Had I better see it ? 
Do you think it will rain ? 
I think people will laugh when they hear it. 
I think people have already heard it. 



I*ha wo hayaku yondaraba kono byonin 

tasukaro mono wo. 
Dekiru ka mite yard. 



If I had started early this morning, I 
should have been in Toky5 by this 
time. 

If the doctor had been called early 
sick man would have been saved. 

I will see if I can do it. 



the 



PRES. PARTICIPLE. 



Ikusa ga aru to kiite kimo wo tsubushita. 

Isoide yuki-nasai. 

Samukute ike-nai. 

Mite mo yoi ka? 

Ko shite wa warni. 

Hashi wo watatte mi-yo. 

lion wo shimatte oite wa mushi ga ku. 

Ame gafutte kuru. 

Watakuthi no me wo mite kudasare. 

Sonna koto wa utchatte oite kamai-nasa- 

ru na. 
Mado kara tobi-dete dorobd wo tsukamae 

yakunin ni icatashimashita. 



Hearing that there was war, I was greatly 

surprised. 
Go quickly. 
It is disagreeably cold. 
May I look at it? 
Don't do so. 

Gross over the bridge and see. 
If you lay the book away the moths will 

eat it. 

It is beginning to rain. 
Please look at my eye. 
Let that alone, and have nothing to do 

with it. 
Jumping out of the window, he seized the 

thief and handed him over to the officer. 



Michi wo kikeba yokatakke. 
Mireba mini liodo omoshiroi. 



XXVlll INTRODUCTION. 

CONJUNCTIVE MOOD. 

It would have been better to have in- 
quired the road. 

The more I look (at it) the more charm- 
ing it is. 

Hayoku yukeba ii. Better go quick. 

Hana ga sakeba kyaku ga mi ni kuru. As the flowers have bloomed visitors are 

coming to see (them). 
Kaze nofuku hinifune ni noreba abunai. It is dangerous to ride in a boat on a 

windy day. 

Zen wo tsumazareba na wo nasu ni itara- By not increasing in virtue we fail to 
zu. make a name. 



CONDITIONAL MOOD. 



Are wo shimattara kore wo suru ga ii. 

Kono hon no koshaku wo kiitara omoshi- 

rokaro. 
Kaze ga fuitaraba hana ga chiru dard. 

Yoi to shittara suwiyaka ni okonai: warui 
to shittara sumiyaka ni aratame-yo. 



When you have finished that (you had) 

better do this. 
I think (you) will he pleased when (you) 

have heard a lecture upon this book. 
If the wind blows the flowers will be 

scattered. 
When (you) know a thing to be right do 

it quickly : when (you) know it to be 

wrong, promptly correct it. 



CONCESSIVE MOOD. 



Hito ga kiku to mo hazukashii koto wa 

nai. 
Ame ga furu to mo itowanai de yukimasu. 

Iku do mite mo taikutsu shinai. 
Kikedorno kilcanufure wo shite iru. 
Tejami wo kaita karedomo mada todoke 
nai. 



Even if people should hear (it) there is 

nothing to be ashamed of. 
Even if it rains I am going (or shall go) 

without minding it. 

Although I see it frequently I am not tired. 
He hears but acts as if he does not. 
I have written a letter but have not yet 

sent it. 



IMPERATIVE MOOD. 

Ore no iu koto wo mimi no ana wo akete kike. Open your ears and listen to what I say. 

Goran nasai. Look. 

Jibun no iitai koto bakari iwazu ni hito Do not say what you wish but hear what 

no iu koto wo kikasshare. others say. 



INTRODUCTION. 



XXIX 



NEGATIVE. 



Sono hanashi made kikazu. 

Yo ga akete mo ma da okizii ni iru. 

Kore tea watakushi no mada yomanai hon 

da. 

Kyoto made ichi do mo yukanakatta. 
So wa iwa?ianda. 

Ano Into yomoya so wa iu-mai to omou. 
Asu wa furimasumai. 
Furu ya sliimai teiiki ni naru dc aro. 
Koiju mtuu&uAu koto wa gakusha ni kika- 

nai de wa shirenai. 

Mi-nakute mitafuri wo sum. 

Ashita Tokyo ye yondokoro nai yd ga atte 

yukanakute wa naranu. 
Kikanai to shirenai. 
Vina ni noraneba hayaku yukarenai. 

Hito wa hon wo yomanedomo umaretsuite 

ri wo yokii shim. 
D'ikit na mono wa tabenedomo ambai wa- 

rnku natta. 
Konna mono wa nakutemo yoi. 

nchi ni sumawanakute mo koto wa 

tariru. 
Ei-go wo naraicanakatta keredomo yoku 

hanasu koto ga dekiru. 



I have not yet heard that story. 
Although it is daylight he is not yet up. 
This is a book which I have not yet 

read. 

I have never even once been to Kyoto. 
I did not say so. 

I don't think he would have said so. 
I don't think it will rain to-morrow. 
I think it will be pleasant weather. 
In a matter of so much difficulty, without 

inquiring of a learned man you cannot 

know it. 
To make believe he had seen when he 

had not. 
I must go to Tokyo to-morrow, as I 

have important business. 
If you don't inquire you can't know. 
If you don't go on horseback you cannot 

get there soon. 
Although a man does not read books he 

instinctively knows what is right. 
Though (he) eat nothing hurtful (he) 

became sick. 

Such a thing, is not needed. 
(I) have enough even if (I) don't live in 

a big house. 
Although he did not learn the English 

language he speaks very well. 



NEGATIVE IMPERATIVE. 

Sonnaninakuna. yakamashii kodomo da. Don't cry so much, you are a trouble- 
some child. 

/i " i/o. Don't cry and I will give you something 

nice. 

Ambai warui nara mini ni okiru na. If you are not feeling well don't try to 

get up. 



XXX 



INTRODUCTION. 



CAUSATIVE FORM. 



Omoshiroi hon wo yonde Idkaseru (or /a- 

kasete oru). 

Watakushi ni wo dozo kikasete kudasare. 
Ano hito ni Idkaseru to jiki ni shaberu 

kara Idkaseru na. 
Watakushi kono koto wa izen hito ni kika- 

serareta oboe ga arimasu. 
Ano hito no tame ni Tokyo ye yukasareta. 

Ano hito no uma wo watakushi ga hika- 

serareta. 
Ano hito no yomu beki hon wo watakushi 

ga kawari ni yomaserareru. 
Inu ni hito wo kamasete warui. 
Uma ni kutsuwa wo kamaseru. 



He is reading to others an interesting 

book. 

Please let me also bear it. 
Don't let bim know, for he will tell it as 

soon as he hears it. 
I remember to have been told of this 

before by others. 
Was sent (caused to go) to Tokyo on 

account of that man. 
I was ordered to lead that person's 

horse. 
The book that he ought to read I have 

to read in his stead. 
Don't let the dog bite the man. 
To put the bit in a horse's mouth. 



POTENTIAL OR PASSIVE. 



Hito ni Jdkareta toki ni komaranai yd ni 
yoku koto wo shirabete oku ga ii. 



Kumo ga harete Fuji san ga mirareru. 

Kami sama ni minarenu mono wa nashi. 

Kurai ni ayerareta. 

Omoi ishi ga takai yama ni agerareta. 

Kyaku ga gochiso ni yobarete mo mairima- 
senu. 



It is better to investigate the matter well 
(beforehand, oku}, in order that I may 
not be troubled when I am inquired 
of by others. 

The clouds having cleared away Mount 
Fuji can be seen. 

There is nothing that God cannot see. 

He has been promoted in rank. 

A heavy stone has been carried up a high 
mountain. 

The guest was invited to the feast but 
did not go. 



ADVERBS. 

These may be divided, according to their formation, into adverbs proper, as . 
nomi, bakari, sae, ito, hanahada, mottomo, kitto, itsu, doko, do. 

Adverbs formed from nouns by the post-position ni and de, as makoto ni, 
jitsu ni, hon ni, shizuka ni, ato de, shimai ni, owari ni , or by reduplication, as 
nichi-nichi, hi-bi, toki-doki, tabi-tabi, toshi-doshi, nen-nen. 

Those formed from adjectives by changing the final ki into ku, as . tsuyoku, 
atsukit, omoku, amaku. 



INTRODUCTION. XXXI 

Adverbs or adverbial phrases formed by the participle of verbs, as : semete, 
aadamete, hajiwete, kesshite, saiicai ni shite, hito to shite, toki to shite. 

There is a large class formed by reduplicating the root form of adjectives or 
verbs, as : iso-iso, hani-baru, ara-ara, ari-ari, kaesu-gaesu. 

Besides these there are a large number of onoroatopoetic words, used ad- 
verbially, as bori-bori, boki-boki, pon-pon, pun-pun, para-para, pachi-pachi, pin-pin, 
pyo, pissharl, etc. 

POST-POSITIONS. 

That class of words which is called Prepositions in most other languages, in 
the Japanese is called Post-positions, from their always following the word which 
they govern. 

The Post-positions proper are wa, ga, ni, ye, wo, kara, yon, de, and nite. 

Besides these, many words which are properly nouns are used to express this 
relation between words, as ue, shit a, omote, ura, ushiro, uehi, naka, soto, hoka, rnae, 
nochi, saki, ato, aida, kata, soba, hotori, tonari, tame, mawari, kawari , also derived 
from the Chinese are, zen, go, cliu, jo, ka. 

This relation in the English language is also frequently expressed in the Japanese 
by means of compound verbs, or by the p. pr. form of the verb, as Ki wo yoji- 
niiboru, to climb up a tree , ido ni tobi-komu, to jump into a well ; ie wo aruki- 
mawaru, to walk round the house , hako kara tori-dasu, to take out of a box ; 
mtkata ni shitagatte nedan ga aru, the price is according to the weight; na ga 
tokoro ni yotte chiyau, the name differs with the place. 



CONJUNCTIONS 

Are formed by the conjunctive, conditional and concessive forms of the verb, 
also by the use of the same forms of the verbs kakaru, shikaru, keru, saru, and sorau, 
whose only use seems to be to furnish connectives of this class. Conjunctions may 
be divided into the following classes : 

1. Copulatives, answering to, and, moreover, besides, also, so, then : to, oyobi, 
narabi-ni, w<>, mata, katsu, kono ue ni, nao mata, nao-sara. 

2. Disjunctives, answering to, or, whether, either: ka, ya, aruiwa, mata-wa, 
yara, yaran. 

8. Inferential, answering to, therefore, on this account, for this reason: yue 
ni. yotU, kara, Ifani-ija-yue ni. 

4. Adversative, answering to, but, still, yet, however, on the contrary : hika- 
shi, xhikashi-nagara, katte, kekku. 



INTRODUCTION. 

5. Introducing an explanatory sentence : kedashi, tadashi, tsuketari. 

6. Introducing another, or reverting to a former, subject : sate, somo-somo, 
shikareba, sareba, sate-mata. 

7. Denoting the reason, or cause, answering to, for, because: naze-naraba, 
ikan to nareba, ikanareba, kara, aida, and the conjunctive form of the verb. 

8. Denoting purpose or object : tame ni, yd ni, tote. 

9. Denoting concession : tatoi, Iteredomo, tow/0, iedomo, saredomo, shikaredomo, 
totemo, and the concessive form of the verb. 

10. Denoting condition : tnoshi, naraba, nara, and the conditional form of the 
verb. 

11. Denoting time, answering to, as long as, whilst : uchi, toki, aida, hodo, ni. 

12. Denoting apposition : sunairachi, tori-mo-naosazu. 

18. Denoting consequence : sokude, shite, soshite, shikaru ni. 



INTRODUCTION. 



SXX111 



ABBKEVIATIONS, 



a. or adj. 

adv. 

bot. 

Budd. 

caust. 

chr. 

Coll. 
COHJ. 

dub. 
Knn. 
exclam. 

I*. 

gram. 



stand for 



id. 

i.e. 
imp. 

1.7. 

7*,. 

lit. 

mat. 

ined. 

mil. 

n. 

neg. 

o.c. 

/'/'. 

pret. 
*yn. 






in tlio First Part of the 
word ; in tbo SSccwml Part, 



adjective. 

adverb. 

botanical. 

Buddhist. 

causative form of the verb. 

Christianity. 

colloquial. 

conjunction. 

future or dubitative form of the verb. 

English. 

exclamation or interjection. 

future tense. 

grammatical. 

Hebrew. 

the same. 

(id fst) that is. 

imperative mood. 

(idem quod] same as. 

intransitive verb. 

legal. 

literally. 

mathematical. 

medical. 

military. 

noun. 

negative form of the verb. 

old calendar. 

passive. 

post-position. 

potential. 

perfect participle. 

present participle. 

preterite or past tenso. 

pronoun. 

(quod vide] which see. 

Sanscrit. 

synonymous words, 

transitive verb. 

equal to. 

obsolete. 

Dictionary, stands for the repetition of the Japanese 
for the repetition of the English word. 



JAPANESE AND ENGLISH 
DICTIONABY. 



ABI 



A r The first letter of the Japanese syllabary 
as arranged according to the Go-ju-on; also the 
first of the five vowels. It has the sound of 
a in father. 

fA T pron. I; me. 

fA f (cont. of aze) n. A dike or narrow path 
between rice-fields. 

t A f Exclam. in replying to a question : yes. 

fA 7 Exclam. of pain or admiration. 

AA 7 7 Exclam. of pain, grief, praise or admi- 
ration : ah ; alas ; oh : aa kanashii liana, alas, 
how sad ! aa nasake nai, oh, how cruel ! aa 
ureihii ya, how delightful ! 

Syn. ANA, ARE, ARA, AWARE. 

AA 77 adv. In that way ; in that manner ; 
so : turn, doing so ; iu tori ni, in that 
way ; shite iru to hito ni togamerarent, if you 
do so people will blame you. 

UIYA-KOSHIYA 7 7 ** "V 3 S^Y Exclam. ex- 
pressing the sound of laughter. 

ABA 7 /* n. The weight or stone used to sink 
a net in fishing : ga hanaruru. 

ABA 7 >' intcrj. (com. coll. used in speaking to 
children) Good bye. Aba-aba or Abayo, id. 

ABAI.-AO 7'>7 t.v. To shield; protect; to 
screen from danger. 
Syn. XABAU. 

ABAI-AI.-AU 7 >'b 7 7 (coll. for ubaian) t.v. To 
seize or take by violence from one another. 

ABAM.-BU r >* * A- i.v. To be broken open, 
M a grave ; to be divulged, made public, as a 

ret. 

ABAKI.-ID 7>'* t.v. To break open ; to di- 

inako public, as a secret : tinka wo , 

to open a grave or mound ; hara too , to cut 

open the abdomen; kiizui ga dole ivo abukit.i. 

ndation has broken open the dike ; 

TO , t> divulge a secret. 

VKU. 

To despise, cont 
Alint , ,. despised. 

I'ORU. 



ABABA 7^7 n. The side of the chest : ni, 
not close together ; scattered. 

ABARABONE 7^7*^ n. A rib. 

ABARAYA 7 / * 7 -V $c ^ n. A house dilapidated 
and in ruins. 

ABARE.-RU f^^^ i.v. To act in a wild, 
violent, unruly or turbulent manner ; to be 
disorderly ; riotous : sake ni yotte abareru, to 
be drunk and violent ; uma ga , the horse is 
refractory. 

Syn. RAMBO SURU, ABEMAWARU. 

ABAREMONO 7 /<? u ^ ) n. A riotous, unruly or 

disorderly person. 
ABARI.-RU 7 /Ou i.v. To be waste ; to be in a 

neglected, deserted or ruined condition. 
ABARI 7 /< 9 (ai and hari) n. A bamboo 

needle used in making nets. 
ABATA ~f/\H y& Jj n. Pock-marks. 

Syn. HOBO NO ATO, JANKO, IMO. 
tABATASHi.-su ~f ** & ?{ t.v. To bring to light; 

to expose. 
ABATAZURA ?s*jt*S? n. A pock-marked face. 

Syn. IMO-OAO, JANKOZDRA. 
tABEKERE T^STIS (ari and bekerf) i.q. aru 

de aru, I think there are. 
ABEKOBE NI 7-<3^ adv. In a contrary, 

opposite or reversed manner; inside out; upside 

down ; vice versa : huthi wo motiu, to hold 

the chopsticks upside down ; kimono wo kiru, 

to wear the coat inside out. 

Syn. ACHI-KOCHI, SAKASAMA, URA-UI. 
ABI 7 \f n. A species of wild duck. 
ABI.-UU 7 tf *- ^ t.v. To bathe ; to wash the 

body ; to pour or wpill over : mueu wo , to 

bathe with cold water ; yu-tit>i wo turu, to 

wash one's self in hot water; tnizn-abi ni yuku, 

to go in bathing. 

Syu. IfOKDYOKU SURD, TOKO SURU. 

ABIJIOOKU Ttff-'J? n. The lowest of the 

ri^ht hclls of tin; Hiiililhiats. 

7 u' t- (<' and hiki) n. Drawing the net 
or aeine. 



ABI 



ADA 



Anixo 7 If a 35 II. n - A species of lizard. 

ABLSE.-RU TH'-fe^ t.v. To bathe or wash 
another; to give a downward blow with a 
sword : hito ni mizu wo , to bathe or wash 
a person ; mizu wo abisete ageyo, let me bathe 
you. 

Afcu f -f ji n. A horse-fly : hachi torazu 
(prov.). 

ABUKU J-?9 (aioa and fuku) n. Bubbles; 
froth ; foam : mizu no . 

ABUHI 7 7* 5 $ n. A stirrup. 

ABUJIIGAWARA 7 7* 5 if V 7 n. The large tile 
011 the gable-end of a roof. 

ABUMIKUWA 7 7* 5 9 ' N n - A kind of hoe. 

ABUMISHI f 7* 5 s^ n. A stirrup-maker. 

ABUMIZUKI 7 7* 5 * 9 n. The flanks of a 
horse which are struck by the stirrups. 

ABUNAGARI,-RU fy'-^-jfi^ i- v - (coll.) To be 
timid ; fearful ; apprehensive of danger. 

ABUNAGE 7 7* */ n. Appearance of danger; 
dangerous ; perilo us: na hashi; ni miyeru. 

ABUNAI 77*-J->f coll. cont. of Abunaki. 

ABUNAKI.-KU-SHI 77'-^ fa adj. (coll.) Dan- 
gerous; perilous; hazardous ; insecure: abunai, 
take care! look out! abunakunai, there is 
110 danger; abunakute yukarenai,it is dan- 
gerous and I cannot go ; a&unat koto, or 
abunai me, & dangerous affair. 

Syn. AYAUKI, KENVON, KIKEN. 

ABUNAKKASHI,-KI-KU 7 7' * ? # >- adj. (coll.) 

Seeming dangerous ; doubtful. 
ABUNASA f 7 }-$ n. The danger, peril, hazard. 
ABUNO f 7* + t? adv. (coll. cont. of abunaku) 

vid. abunaki: gozarimasu, it is dangerous; 

take care! (polite). 
ABUBA T 7*7 ;& n. Oil; fat; grease; sweat: 

wo tsugn, to pour oil, as into a lamp ; tco 
shimeru, to make oil by pressing ; wo sasu, 
to oil, as machinery ; de ageru, to fry in oil; 

no shimi, a grease spot ; no as hi, sweaty 
feet. 

ABURA-AGE ~f-f*?"f>fn. Fried in oil or grease. 
ABUBA-ASHI T 7*7 7 ^ n. Sweaty feet. 
ABUBADABU 7 7* 7 if A- n. An oil-tub ; a barrel 

for holding oil. 

ABUBADE 7 7" J =f n. Sweaty hands. 
ABURAE -^7*7^ n. An oil-painting. 
ABUBAGE f 7* y <f n. Anything fried in oil or 

grease, especially fried tofu. 
ABUBAGIBI T^*!?^*? n. The Elaococcus ver- 

rucosus. 

ABUBAHI T 7*7 b n. An oil light. 
ABURAJIMI 77*7S?5 n. A grease spot; stained 

with grease. 
ABUBAKAMI 7 7* 7 5 n. Oil-paper ; i.q., to- 

yugami. 
ABUBAKASHI,-SU T 7" J % x. t.v. To cause 

another to lose an engagement. 
ABUBAKASU 77*7** n. Oil-cake (the refuse 

after the oil is pressed out). 
ABUBAKAWA 77*73&;> n. A membrane. 
ABUBAKE T 7* 7 ^ n. Oily, fatty, greasy : 

g nai . 
ABUUAMI 7 7* 7 5 n. The fat, or fatty part, 

as of 



ABUBAMUSHI T 7" J ^ l/ n. The cockroach ; 

(met.) a troublesome person, a bore. 
ABUBANA T 7* 7 ^* n - The rape-seed plant, 

Brassica Orientalis. 
ABURANUKI 7 y'J x % n. A thing or person 

that extracts grease ; the act of extracting 

grease. 

ABURASASHI f 7*7 ^ $> n. An oil can. 
ABURASHI 77*7^ n. An oiler (of machinery). 
ABURASHIME 77'yts* n. An oil-press. 
ABURASHIRI 77*7 Ss } ) n. The coccix of a bird. 
ABURATSUBO T7*7 7<Jf n. An oil-jar. 
ABURATSUGI 7 7* 7 ? * n - Au oil-can (for 

filling a lamp). 
ABURATSUKI T 7* 9 ? * n. A dish for holding 

the oil of a lamp. i.q. abura-zara. 
ABURAWATA 77*7^3? n. Fish- roe or milt; 

also a rag used in applying pomatum to the 

hair. 
ABURAYA 77*7"^ n. An oil shop; a seller of 

oil. 
ABURAZARA 7 7* 7 if? n. A lamp-cup, or dish 

for holding the oil. 
ABURAZUNO 7 7* 7 / ; n. The end of an 

axle-tree, to which oil is applied. 
ABDRE,-RU 7 7* v ^ ;, i.v. i.q. afure. 
ABUREMONO 77*vx^Gy n. A ruflian ; a dis- 
orderly fellow. 

SyU. KAMBO-MONO, ABAREMONO. 

ABURI.-RU 77*^ ]$ t.v. To roast: to. toast ; 
to hold or place near a fire in order to warm, 
or dry ; to grill ; to broil ; to torrefy, roust : 
te wo , to warm the hands at a fire. 

Syn. YARD, KAWAKASU, H< 

ABURI-KAWAKASIII,-SU 7 7' 9 # '> # ^ t.v. To 

dry at a fire. 

ABDRIKO T 7* 9 =1 n. A gridiron. 
ABUBI-KOGASHI,-SU 7 7* 9 =J #* ^. t.v. To char, 

scorch or blacken at the fire ; to torrefy. 
ABURI-KOROSHI,-SU 7 7* 9 an* t.v. To roast 

to death ; to burn at the stake. 
ACHI 7f- adv. There; that place; yonder: 

ye iki na, get out of the way. 
Syn. ASUKO, SOKO, KAKATA. 

ACHI-KOCHI 7 f- a f- $fc tfb adv. Here and 
there ; all about ; more or less ; about ; upside 
down : tco sagathitc mo miezu, I searched 
all over but could not find it; ni san ri 
arimasho, it is about three miles ; fude wo 
ni motta, held the pen upside down. 
Syn. SOKO-KOKO, ABEKOBE. 

ACHIRA 7 f- 7 adv. There ; that place ; yonder ; 
i.q. achi. 

ADA T if HL (used only in comp.) Vain ; 
empty ; useless ; fruitless ; ineffectual ; trifling ; 
fickle ; frivolous ; transitory ; frail : na, or 

naru, adj. id. ni, adv. Vainly, uselessly ; 
unprofitably : issen no ada-zeni wo tsukawa- 
zu, not spending one penny uselessly. 

Syn. ITA7TTRA, MUDA, MUNASHIKI. 

ADA T if jfj ^f, na, or naru, adj. Charm- 
ing ; lovely : naru sugat a, a charming figure. 

ADA T if \jl n. An enemy, adversary, foe ; 
harm, injury: sum, to oppose; to b: 
hostile, inimical; to do harm; ware ni ada 



ADA 



3 



AGA 



$nru mono totemo nikumi sutsuru bekarazu, we 
should not hate even our enemies ; ico 
knetii, to revenge ; to avenge ; to punish an 
enemy ; wo inn k ft, id. wo utsu, id. 

Svn. TEKI, KATAKI, URAMI. 

ADA-ADASHIKI,-KU-SHI T iff j? Ss% adj. Fickle ; 

inconstant ; changeful ; capricious. 
ADABANA f jfsf + n. Blossoms which bear no 

fruit. 
ADABARA ~f#''*7 n - Pain in the stomach; 

i.q. senki. 
ADABITO 7 if h n. An enemy ; a fickle, 

changeable or inconstant person. 
ADABDSHI y^y'^ n. A light sleep, or doze ; 

i.q. ntatane. 
ADADAMA ~T j? if ** n. A ball or shot that 

missed the mark. 
ADAFCDA 7 jC 7 if coll. na, adj. Capricious; 

whimsical; fickle; nonsensical: na hito ; 

na koto wo ht. 

ADAGATAKI T;****** n- An enemy ; a foe. 

S\n. TEKI. 

ADAGTJCHI T^/f* *>. Empty, trifling, or 
foolish talk 

U. MUDAKUCHI. 

ADAKA'MO T^'*^ {& adv. Just like; just as; 
almost like : tsulu no hikari sayaka ni sJiite 

hint no gotoshi, the moonlight was just as 
bright as the day ; adakamo slii7iito.ru hito no 
yoinifjacriahi gotoshi, just like the coining to 
lift- again of a dead man ; yoshi, just right. 

i. CHODO, 8ANAOARA, BAMO. 

ADAXK,-RU 7 jt > ^ i.v. To be trifling, frivol- 
:ickle. 

' WA-UWA 8UBU. 

TO 7 ** 3 h n. Trifling or frivolous talk ; 
muddbamuhi. 

KABE f #' ^ ^ -? c. Competition for a 
worthless or trifling matter. 

VKURA TJI'-*?? n. Illicit intercourse. 
-u 7 if * 9 i.v. To appear fickle, 
frivolous or trifling: ware wa kore made bndo 
ni kori-katamarite adameku kokoro icomotazu, 
until this I was absorbed in military studies, 
and was not given to frivolity. 

a T if \ n. Fruit that is worthless, cf no 
value or use. 

!i,-uu T^A i-v. To be offended or dis- 
pleased with ; i.<j. unnnu. 

:w T if $ S " Hearing inattentively or 

ssly : wo nukuan. 

>NO JjF^i) n. A worthless thing; a 
MR, frivolous pc i 

AitANA f jf -Y n. A nick-name ; a false name. 
\u Tif+-7 t.v. To oppose. 

Trifling waves ; ripples. 
ADANB j ffj. n. Illicit intercourse. 

" rjfytfj adj. Gay; charming; 
faAcinating : knur <ja . 

' T jf i" ife adj. Ano; i rnt ; 

other godx (not of this 
country) ; -- fcuiii, 

a^' :ry; kokoro, th<- 

another person ; or a fickle, changeable heart. 
Syn. UOKA, TI, BBTSU. 



ADAWAZA T & V rf n. Fruitless labor. 

ADAYA T ^*-V An arrdw shot in vain; an 
arrow that has missed the mark. 

ADAYAKA f^f^^j adj. Charming ; fascinating ; 
beautiful. 

ADAZAKUKA 7 jf tf 9 ? n. A cherry tree that 

sheds its blossoms. 

T l ? n. A juggler's assistant ; ado wo 
utsn, or ado-utsu, to improvise a second stanza 
in poetry, or follow in a dramatic theme. 

ADOKENAI,-KI-KD-SHI -f^^r-^^. adj. Simple; 
inexperienced; ignorant or without judgment 
(as a child). 

ADONAI T K' -h 4 i.q. adokenai. 

AE -Y jc. n. A species of trout ; i.q. at or ayu. 

AE f ^ n. An entertainment ; a feast. 

AE,-BU T ^ >v- i.v. To be like ; to resemble ; 
i.q. ayakaru : aezu, (neg.) unlike; aemono, 
a thing similar, or like. 

AE,-BU T ^ '^ t.v. To dress food, as a salad : 
na wo , to make a salad of greens ; aemono, 
a salad. 

AEGI,-GU f ^ $ i.v. To pant ; to blow, as 
one out of breath : aeide hashiru, to run 
panting. 

fAEKA f ^11 adj. Weak; feeble ; i.q. yowaki. 

f AEMONO T-^^E^ n. Food eaten with rice ; a 
relish ; i.q. sal, awase. 

AEN 7 ms 2* $ n. Zinc. 

AENAI, cont. of aenaki. 

AENAKI,-KU-SHI T Jt ^ y f adj. Frail; feeble: 
transient; sad: saigo, the sad end "(of 
life) ; aenaku iki wa tae ni kcri. 

AENKWA T -^ ^ 9 7 n. Flowers of zinc. 

J-AKSHIO -f ^ $, j u. Soy ; i.q. shoyu. 

|AESHIRAI,-AU T ^ ^ 7 7 i-v. Same as ashirai. 

AETACHIBANA 7 ^ X ^ /^ -h n. The bitter 
orange; i.q. daidni. 

AETK f^T adv. Daring; venturing ; presum- 
ing; making bold ; positively: sezu, would 
not dare to do ; iru koto ynruRazn, will not 
allow you to enter; kikazu, would not listen. 

AEZU \ T ^ X Added to the root of verbs s 

AENU) ties, unable, not daring, or stopping 
to perform the action of the verb to which it is 
joined : iki mo txuki-nezu, without taking 
breath ; hanashi wo kiki-aezu deta, no sooner 
did ho hear what was said than hn went out ; 
torn mono wo tori-aezn, not stopping to take 
anything; seki-aenu namidti, tears that could 
not be repressed. 

AEZUKDRI T ^ "/ 9 9 n. A salad made of fish. 

AKUHAKASHI.-SD T 7 *) U * caust. of afurc, to 
; -o to owrllow. 

AFURE.-RU T 7 \* ** i.v. To overflow; to 
inundate; to run over; to abound; to fail: 
kiitrti //a tifnrfta, tins rivor lias overflown (its 
l.ai. "'" /.''/ ni itt, i r/i afnrfta, I 

went to buy some tokf but fnilod to get it. 
T V -I n. Opium ; \.>\. 

fAoA T if l )l() "- W.v ; our; i.q. w<iga : a</ako> 

fAOACHI,-T80 T if f t.V. i into, 

u]>l>oitioii, i.<] .'ni. Ayataieru, caust. 

fcjyn. \\Ai .uu. 



AGA 



AGE 



AGAKB 7 tf >r (cont. ami kake) n. A young 
falcon. 

AOAKI,-KU 7 if 9 |$ i.v. or t.v. To paw or 
stamp with the feet (as a horse) ; to kick or move 
the feet (as a beetle when lying on its back) ; 
to prance ; to gallop ; to struggle ; to exert 
one's self; to strive after : mushi rja aomuite 
agaku ; agaite mo moyaite mo shiyo ga nai, 
all his kicking and contortions were of no 
avail ; uma ga yukazu shite chi wo agaku, 
the horse paws the ground but does not 
go. 

AOAKI 7 if % n. Pawing ; prancing ; gallop- 
ing : uma no wo hayameru, to make the 
horse gallop faster ; wo isogasu, id. 

AGAME.-RU 7 # * * ^ t.v. To exalt, honor, 
glorify, adore, reverence : kami wo , to adore 
the gods ; hito wo kami ni , to exalt a man 
into a god, to deify a man. Agame-uyamau, id. 
Ayamerareru, pass. Agamesaseru, caust. 

Syn. OGAMU, UYAMAU, TATTOBU. 

AGAMONO 7-jf^J ^ ffy n. An expiatory offer- 
ing ; atonement ; satisfaction. 

IAGAMOTE 7if^T n- (cont. aga and omote) 
My face, i.q. waga omote. 

AGANAI.-AU 7 if + 7 j(f t.v. To buy ; to atone 
for ; make satisfaction for ; to redeem ; to 
compensate ; to make good ; to ransom : kane 
wo motte tsnmi tro , to make satisfaction 
for crime with money; hito ni kawatte tsnmi 
wo , to make atonement for the sins of 
others. Aganawareru, (pass.) to be redeemed, 
or ransomed. Aganawaseru, (caust.) to cause 
another to atone or redeem. 
Syn. TSUGUNOU, BAISHO SURU. 

AOANAI T**^b n. Atonement; redemption; 
ransoming ; compensation : wo nasu. 

tAGARE,-nu 7 if v n- i.v. To be scattered; 
dispersed ; separated, apart : agare-agare ni 
owaslnmasu, to live separated or apart from 
each other; i.q. chiru, wakareru. 

AGARI,-RU 7 if >v _t i.v. To ascend ; to rise, 
go HP, mount up ; to improve ; to advance ; 
to make progress ; to take (as food or drink) ; 
to enter or come into (a house) ; to be con- 
fiscated or taken away (by government) ; to 
be done, finished, completed ; to deepen in 
color ; to rear up (as a horse) : yama ni , 
to ascend a mountain ; gakumon ga , to 
advance in learning ; nedan ga , the price 
has gone up ; iro ga , the color has deepened 
or improved ; te ga agatta, has become more 
expert, or, has improved in writing ; o agari 
nasai, please come in, or, please take a seat, 
or, please help yourself to food ; sakana ga 
agatta, the fish is dead ; yakume ga agatta, 
removed from office ; fushin ga agatta, the 
work is finished ; ikura de agaru, how much 
will it cost ; fune yori , to land from a 
boat ; yu yori , to come out of a bath ; 
kurai ni , to be promoted or rise in rank ; 
tobi-agaru, to fly or jump up ; deki-agatta, 
is finished ; kake-agaru, to run up ; )iai- 
agaru, to creep up; tenki ga agatta, the 
weather has cleared up ; uma ga agari-mwa- 



gn, the horse rears and prances ; agaru mono 
ga nai, there is nothing I can eat. 
Syn. NOBORU. 

AGARI 7 if 9 n. The ascent, rise ; promotion ; 
conclusion; confiscation: agari-umn, a rearing 
horse ; agari-saguri, the rise and fall, the 
ascent and descent ; agarinaka, an acclivity, 
ascent. 

AGARIBA 7 if 9 /* n. A place for landing from 
a boat, or for coming out of a bath ; a jetty: 
a wharf. 

AGARIDAN 7 if 9 jf ^ n. A ladder ; steps ; stairs. 

AOARIDENJI 7 if >; 7* ^ ? n. Land taken or 
confiscated by government. 

AGARIGUCHI 7 if >; jff- n. The entrance to a 
flight of steps : nilmi no . 

AGARIMONO 7 if >; * ) n. The produce of a 
field ; the crop ; rent ; income ; a bondman 
(obs.): miya no , the income of a temple. 

AGARITABU 7 if 9 9 *" adj. Ancient; antique; 
old : yo, ancient times ; hito, men of 
ancient times. 

IAGARITE 7 -jf 9 f wo, adj. Same as ayari- 
taru. 

AGARITA 7 if 9 "V n. A prison; a gaol. 
Syn. ROTA, GOKUYA, HITOYA. 

AGARI-YASHIKI 7 if 9 -V $s % n. A confiscated 
house. 

fAoATA 7 if 9 ^ n. The country ; a region 
distant from the capital ; a country district 
or department ; i.q. kori, inaka : agata mi ni 
yitku, going to seethe country ; agata-meshi, a 
summons sent to district officers to appear at 
the capital once a year, on the llth day of the 
1st mouth ; agata-nushi, the chief of a depart* 
rnent. 

AGATSU f if y see agachi. 

AGAU 7 if 7 same as aganau. 

AGB.-RO 7 # * _t t.v. To raise ; to lift 
up ; to hoist ; to elevate ; to heighten ; to 
give to a superior ; to offer in sacrifice ; to 
reckon ; to count ; to tell ; to land ; to finish ; 
to vomit : ho wo , to hoist a sail ; koye 
wo agete yobu, to call with a loud voice ; iro 
wo , to heighten the color ; na wo , to 
become famous ; fune no ni wo , to land 
cargo ; kazu wo , to count or reckon up 
the number ; nedan wo , to raise the price. 
kurai wo , to raise to a higher rank; yuku 
wo , to resign or give up an office ; ageso 
ni naru, to feel like vomiting ; shi-ageru, to 
finish doing ; nuri-agcru, to finish painting ; 
moshi-agem, to tell to a superior ; tori-agent, 
to take away, remove ; hiki-ageru, to pull up. 
Agerareru, pass, or pot. Agesasern, caust. 
AGE.-RU f ? * jf t.v. To fry ; to broil : taka- 

na wo , to fry fish. 

AGE 7 *f n. A tuck in a garment : wo suru, 
to make a tuck ; kata-age, a tuck at the 
shoulder ; kosJti-age, a tuck in the waist. 
AGE-ASHI 74*7*' n. (a raised foot), (coll.) 
Used mostly figuratively ; as, wo torn, to 
take advantage of a mistake or slip of another 
to get the better of him or trip him up ; 
torarenu yojm wo suru. 



AGE 



AI 



AOEBA 1f* n. A landing; wharf; jetty; 

i.q. liatobn. 
AGEBUTA J ? 7* Z n. A part of a floor that 

can be raised at pleasure ; a trap-door. 
AGECHI ~T *f1~ ji. ^t n - Weaning a child: 

wo sum. 
AGEGAKI 7 f if % n. Writing the name of the 

Emperor or very honorable person in a new 

line and above the other writing on the page. 
AGEGOSHI J f 3*^ n. A sedan chair raised on 

poles. 
AGEGOTATSU 7^3**? n. A hrazier placed 

on a stand over which a quilt is spread, 

used in cold weather. 
AGEHAKI 7 f >\ 9 n. A curtain, or shade, that 

can be let up or down. 
AGEKOTO 7 f u \> n. An offering made to the 

bran. 
AGEKU NI 7 f 9 - adv. (coll.) At last; finally; 

in the end : ageku no hate nt, id. 

Syn. TSUI NI, OWARI NI. 
AGEMA Ty-r n. A horse offered to the Jcami ; 

a sacred horse 
AGEMAKI 7 -/ v ^ n. A lock of hair left in 

shaving a young boy's head, over each temple ; 

a young boy or lad ; a bow-knot ; a tassel. 
AGE-MASARI 7-Jf-rU' 9 n. Looking better for 

having the hair done up. 
AGE-MOCHII,-BU or YURU 7 y^f- ^H* t.v. To 

raise from a low social position to service in 

the Prince's employ. 
AGEMONO 7 y ^ ) n. Anything fried in grease 

or oil. 

AGE-OTORI 7 y -f >> 9 n. Looking less hand- 
some for having her hair done up. 
AGETA 7 / 9 n. An upland rice-field. 
AOETARI-SAGETARI 7 -/ ft 9 If $* X 9 adv. Rais- 
ing up and letting down. 
AGETSUME 7 V * ni snru, to monopolize 

or keep for one's self (a harlot). 
AOETSURAI,-AU 7 f 7 5 7 fwj t.v. To discuss, 

reason on ; to argue about ; i.q. ronzuru. 
AGEYA 7 y V n. An assignation house. 
AGI 7 ^ p*J f| n. Asafetida. 
AGI 7 ^ n. The gills of a fish ; the upper jaw ; 

i.q. nwfi-fifjo. 

tAoi 74^ i.q. aqako, my son. 
Aorro 7 ^ h I n. The jaws ; the gills of a 

fish : ihishi no ni kakaru, to be seized by 

a lion. 
fAoiToi,-ou 7 ^ h 7 i.v. To move the mouth 

like a fish in swallowing water ; to move the 

month like a child learning to talk. 
Aoo 7 3 g# n. The lower jaw ; the chin : 

ga hazureru, the jaw is dislocated : wo 
otoihite mini, to stare with open mouth ; 
de athirau, to motion with the chin ; amari 

wo tataku na, don't talk so much ; ga 
hiru, the jaws are dry, i.q. Imvu nothing to eat. 

Aoo 7 :f n. The barb of a hook : tturiburi no . 
Aoo 7 J (cont. ami-ko) 11. ian. 

fAoo 7 3* pron. i.q. waga ko, my child. 
Aoo 7 / i-'|. <i<imi. 

AOUMI.-MU 7 / ^ 5fc fg i.v. To be tired, weary, 
fatigued; out of patience; tfick of: aitu 



Into no naga-banashi ni wa agunda, wearied 
with his long story; agumi-hateru, to be quite 
weary ; tired out. 

Syn. TSUKARERU, UMU, TAIKUTSU. 

AGUMI.-MU 7 ? A ib> j i.v. To sit with the 
legs crossed; to cross the legs : agnmi-iru, id. 
Syn. ASHI wo KUMU, AGURA wo KAKU. 

AGUNE,-RU 7 / ^ >i* i.v. To be satiated, 
surfeited, glutted : takusan tabete agunete 
shimau ; nimotsu hakekuchi ga nakute agu- 
neru, when there is no sale for goods the 
market is glutted. 

AGURA 7/9 u. Sitting with the legs crossed 
tailor fashion ; a stool ; a chair : wo kaku, id. 
Syn. KOSHI-KAKE. 

AGURU 7 ? fl- i.q. ageru. 

AHEN 7 ^ ^ F^I lr\ n - Opium. 

AHIRU 7b^ n. A domestic duck. 

AHO 7 & f? PP] ^. n. A dunce ; a fool ; foolish- 
ness : ?ia, stupid ; foolish ; silly ; too 
in, to talk nonsense; na koto, a foolish 
affair ; meiba ni noru. 

Syn. BAKA, OROKAMONO, 8HIREMONO. 

AHORASHII,-KI 7 -ft ty 5 i^ 4 adj. Foolish; silly. 
AhorasJiiku, adv. in a foolish manner ; foolish- 

iy. 

Ai 7 4 fj| n. Indigo, blue, the Polygonam 
tinctoriuin : ai-iro, blue color ; de someru, 
to dye an indigo color ; aoki wa ai yori idete 
ai yori aoshi (prov.) ; aibntake, an indigo field. 

Ai 7 4 Exclam. used familiarly in answer- 
ing a call : ai to henji wo sum. 
Syn. HAI, 01, 5, HEI. 

Ai 7 j The name of a fresh-water fish, a 
species of trout, Salmo altivalis. 

A- 1 7 4 5& (kanushimi, nageki, urei) n. Grief; 
sorrow ; sadness ; lamentation : wo omou, 
to feel grief ; to grieve ; to mourn ; lament. 

Ai 7 4 <g (itsukushimi) n. Love; affection; 
attachment : su?-u, to love ; to regard with 
affection ; hito wo aisnru mono wa hito ni 
aiseraru beshi, he that loves others shall be 
loved ; ai wo ushinau, to lose one's love for 
any thine:. 

Ai 7 4 fa! n. Interval of time or space ; time ; 
during ; between ; leisure : Jia no ai ni mono 
ga hastivni, something is sticking between the 
teeth; fil-fn ai ga warui, the husband and 
wife are on bad terms. 

Syn. MA, AIDA, AIMA. 

Ai, Au 7 7 ^ i-v. (1) To meet ; to en- 
counter ; to suffer ; to happen on ; to find : 
to-chil de ame ni atta t was caught in the rain 
\\lnlst on the way; hidoi me ni att<i, met 
with, or suffered great trouble; nn ic/i irakare 
n luijimf, meeting is the beginning of parting. 
(2) <* To agree, correspond, accord ; to 
chord, harmonise ; to suit ; to fit ; to be joined 
together: ki ni au, to like; to suit; to be 
iscd with ; ki ni atoanu, do not like ; 
ifti <ja atta, the seals correspond with each 
other ; kono Ixiori ivu ivntaknthi ni yoku ai- 
, this coat fits me nicely. 

tl. (1) KWAI SURU, (2) OZURU, OABflUBU, 

IUMAU, ruoo SURU, TX&I SURU. 



AI 



G 



AIM 



Ai 7 b %$ Together ; mutual (used only in 
compound words as a reciprocal prefix ; 
frequently also prefixed to words in oflicial or 
epistolary writings merely for elegance or 
politeness) ; as, ai-tasukeru, to help each 
other; ai-ai s-urn, to love each other; ai- 
Itatarau, to consult together ; ai-noru, to ride 
together ; ai-sumu, to live together. 

Syn. TAGAI NI, TOMO KI. 

AI-AI NI 7 b 7 h =1 adv. At various intervals 
of time or space ; from time to time ; at in- 
tervals. 

AIBAN Tb^v^g^n. A fellow watchman ; 
watching together. 

AIBETSU 7 4 ** y :j #] (wakare no kanashi- 
mi) n. The sorrow of parting. 

AIBI 7 >f h* n. The plank laid from a boat to 
the shore to land by. 

AIBI 7 b b* n. Using the same fire ; cooking 
by the same fire. 

AIBIAI,-AU 7 b b* r 7 & & t.v. (coll.) i.q. 
ayuminu. 

AIBIKI 7 b h* * fa fj\ n. Mutual retreat or 
withdrawal no tatakai, a drawn battle. 

AIBO 7 4 #* # n. A fellow chair-bearer or 
coolie. 

AIBORE 74 ;j/ix n. In love with each other; 
mutual love. 

AIDA 7 b *' PR] n. Interval of space or time ; 
time ; space ; between ; while ; during ; since ; 
as ; because : yama to yama no , between the 
mountains ; oyako no ga warui, the parent 
and child are on bad terms ; hito toki no , 
the space of one hour ; ichi ri no , the space 
of a mile ; sukoshi no , a little while ; kon 
seki tsumi-okuri soro , as the goods were 
sent this evening, etc. 
Syn. MA, NAKA, AI. 

AIDAGABA 7 b if if ^ Pa] $ n. Eelations, con- 
nections. 

Syn. SHINRUI, TSUZUKIAI. 

AI-DAMA 7 4 3? * n. A ball of indigo. 

tAiDARE,-Ru T>f^v>u t.v. To caress, fondle. 

AIDESHI 74?*' T5] P3 n. Fellow pupil ; 
school-mate. 

AIDO 7 >f I* # 3 }t& (nageki, itamu) n. Lamen- 
tation ; mourning : suru, to lament, to 
mourn. 

AIGASA 7 b ity ^^ n. Together under one 
umbrella : de aruku. 

AIGI 7 4 = n. An outside garment worn by 
women. 

AIGIKU 7 b ^ ^ jft BU u. The exchange of 
letters or verses between friends ; correspond- 
ence ; a love song ; i.q. koika. 

AIOUMI 7 b jf * 15] fi n. Belonging to the 
same company. 

AIGTTSURI T b V * .1 & Si n- A medicine 
adapted to the disease : a specific. 

fAiGWAN 7>f /P V $ suru, to regard 
with pleasure ; to enjoy. 

AIGYO r 4 * -V ft 4ft tt. Amiability ; charm- 
ing or pleasant manner. 

AIHAN 7 b ;N v ^| ^ suru, to disagree, 
contradict. 



I AI-I 7 >f # n. Assembling together. 

j AIJAKU 7 4 i? T ^ @" ^r n - An attachment ; 

affection; love for anything. 
AIJIRUSHI T b s? ' u ^ * t^P n - An ensign, 

banner, badge, signal ; corresponding mark. 
Auo T 4 & -V # ^*ff n- Love; affection: 

//7/u .o , conjugal love. 
Auo 7^5?^$ ^1^ u - Sorrow ; sadness ; 

grief ; lamentation : kuwan-raku kiwamette 

/'.,/;/, i.q. aisho. 

AIJOMON Tb^^^^EV ^?^5C n - A doc- 
ument containing an agreement and terms of 

partnership. 
AIKAGI Tb^^^^Stn. A false key ; a fellow 

key to the same lock. 
AIKAMAETE Tb^^^T $B$t adv. Certainly; 

positively ; by all means. 

Syn. KESsniTE, SADAMETE. 
AIKATA 7b# ^^n. A mate, partner, 

companion, fellow, playmate, comrade ; also 

^J&, a counterpart, or impression (as of a 

seal) : wo sadameru, to choose a partner. 
AIKO 7 b a (coll.) Equal ; a match for one 

another. 
AIKOKD 7 >f 3 ^ ^ ^ (kanashimi naku) : 

suru, to cry with sorrow ; to mourn, lament, 

as at a funeral. 
AIKOKU 7 >f 3 9 i^ ^ (kuni wo aituru). The 

love of country ; patriotism : shin, patriot- 
ism; nojd, id. 

AIKOTO 7 b a h n. A reply ; an answer. 
AIKOTOBA 7b3h--?'^^n. A countersign, 

watch-word, signal : wo awasu, to reply to 

a signal. 
AIKUCHI 7b^f-^,^fn. A short sword ; a 

dagger ; a dirk. 
Syn. HISHU. 
AIKUCHI 7 4 9 3- n. Fond of the same 

things. 
AIKUCHI 7 -f ^ f- n. A disease of the mouth ; 

i.q. akuchi. 
AIKUCHIAI,-AU 7 4 :? f" 7 7 i.v. To be of one 

mind ; to agree, accord. 
AIKUGI 7 b ^ ^ & T n - A nail fixed in the 

edge of a board to join it with another. 
AIKWAN 7>f^!7v ^g^n. (urei yorokobi) 

Sorrow or joy. 
AIKYO 7 >f ^ -V $ 'zttfk. Lovely ; amiable ; 

winning ; attractive : wo uru, to gain by a 

winning or attractive manner. 
AIMAI 7 >f v >f $ fl (bonyari). Obscure ; 

clouded; dim ; not clear; not easily understood; 

ambiguous. 
AIMIN 7 >f ^v ^ ^ (kanashimi awaremu) : 

sum, to feel sorrow and compassion. 
AnroNO 7 >f q } n. Food taken with sake. 
AIMUBE 7 b A <* u. A festival anciently cele- 
brated in the 9th month, when the first fruits 

of rice were offered to the kami; now called 

shinjo-sai, or kannamc-matanri. 
AIMUKAI,-AU 7 b A * 7 ffi (v7 i.v. To be op- 
posite to or facing each other. 
AIMUKAI NI T b J -fj b $% |H] adv. Opposite 

to each other ; face to face. 

Syn. SABHI-UUKAIDE. 



AIM 



AIY 



AIMUKO 7 b * => iif n - Persons who have 
married sisters ; brothers-in-law. 

AIXADAXOMI 7 4 + ?* > \ n. i.q. 7uuda no ta- 
nomi. A vain liopc or trust. 

AINAKA T b -J- # $8 *f* n. Intimacy ; friendly 
intercourse ; amicable and familiar terms. 

tAiXAKi.-Ku-SHi 7b-ri" adj. Useless; vain- 
ly ; ashamed. 

AIXAKI 7 4 * 9 3 )$ To become : owari nt 

ini~>.<}ii .-<;(, luis ended. 

AIXEX T 4 ? ^ ^& n - Love ' affection. 

AIXIXU 7 f ^ Coll. for ayaniku. 

AIXOKO T b ; a n. One born of mixed breed; 
an Eurasian. 

AIOI 7 b 7 4 $% n. Growing up together, 
or side by suit; : matsu. 

AIOI 7 b ^- 4 $H ;g n. Growing old together. 

AIRASHII.-KI-KU 7 >f 9 S-' 4 f^^cadj. Lovely; 
darling; pretty; beautiful; pleasing. 
Syn. XAWAiRAsnn. 

AIREX 7 4 \sz/ %i$t Compassion; pity; com- 
miseration ; sympathy. 

Syi). FUBIN, AWABEMI. 

AIRO 7 4 w 5C. ^, n. (cont. of aya and tro) 
Figure and color : teppo no kemuri nite mono 
no airo mo rcakarenu, owing to the smoke of 
the guns we could not discern anything. 
Syn. ATAMK. 

AIRO -f 4 7 7 f|*jRn. A blue color for painting. 

AISA, or AKISA 7 4 D" n. A kind of wild-duck. 

AISATSD 7 4 "9" 7 $ $? n - Salutation ; acknow- 
ledgment of a favor ; an answer: sum, to 
salute, to mediate or interpose and settle a 
difficulty between parties at variance ; sewa 
ni natte wo suru, to pay a visit with a 
present in acknowledgment of a favor ; kan- 
gaete wo shiro, when you have thought it 
over give me your answer. 

AISATSUXIN 7 4 -if 9 zi v $ $ A. n. A peace- 
maker ; a mediator, intercessor. 

Syn. ATSUKAININ, CHONIN. 

AIBAWA-XI 7 b if 17 ~ adv. Making a noise 
together, as a crowd ; i.q. aitawaide. 
74*" ^ n. Beloved child. 
M,-AU T >f ^ 9 7 (coll. i.q. ashirai), 

4 ISA- n. Juice of the indigo plant. 
Aisuo 7 4 V--V ^ ^S IB (kanashimi, itami) n. 

AIBHU r^fi'-V^ f9*i n. Congeniality of 
temper or disposition : wo mint, to tell by 
the horoscope whether the temperament of 
two persons is congenial, so as to become man 
and wife. 

Also T b y ^ tft n. (leg.) A complaint, re- 
xnoii tion. 

Also 74-9-^ $ft| n. Civility ; courteous- 
- ; politeness ; hospitality : wo $uru, to 
.t courteously ; wo tu, to speak civilly ; 

no nai Into, an uncivil person ; ga ttu- 
kiru, to lose one's affection for anything ; to 
be tired of ; grow cold or indifferent to ; to be 
estranged, alienated. 

SOMUKI.-KU T 4 V A 9 U 95 t.v. To turn 

obey : 
lutu t to stuud back to back. 



AISONAGE NI -f 4 -9- # -J- >f ^ .fflt ^ ^ g ^ adv. 
lu an uncourteous, uncivil, unsociable man- 
I ner. 

AISORASHII.-KU 7^-9-^5^^ ^ ^ ft adj. 
Kind ; civil ; courteous or polite in manner. 

Ais5zuKASHi,-su T^l^^pC^;^.. To cool in 
affection or attachment to another ; to treat 
with rudeness or incivility. 

AITA 7 >f % Exclamation of pain ; it hurts ! it 
pains ! 

AITACHINAKI.-KU-SHI f b + + Ss adj. Un- 
civil ; impolite ; uncourtfous. 

AITACJAI NI 7 b 9 if 4 =^ 3 2f adv. Mutually ; 
together ; with or nmongst one another. 

AITAI 7 b 9 4 fy $ft adv. Between them- 
selves ; without the presence or intervention 
of another : de sadameru ; aitaijini, dying 
together. 

AITAI 7 b 4 Nin. Spoken of the clouds 
spread out in strata or layers : kumo aitai 
to shite tanabikn. 

AITAI,-KI-KU 7 b 9 4 jtfl j|. Wish to meet ; 
would like to see : wutakushi ga aitai to itte 
kudasare, please tell him I wish to see him ; 
ano hito ni yd ga aru kara zehi aitai, as I 
have business with him, I must see him; at- 
taku nai, do not wish to see, or meet. 

AITAIOAI 7 b ? b ** b I-P ^ n. Trading or 
buying directly, without the intervention of a 
third person. 

AITAI-NI r b 9 4 - %% ^ adv. Privately ; by 
themselves ; without the interposition or pro 
seuce of others. 

fAiTAKE-BiTo 7 b 9 tr if h n. One who par- 
takes of a feast with others. 

fAiiANDOKORo 7>f^v^3o $fl$T n - The 
Emperor's audience chamber in the Daijokwan. 
NASHi 7 >f ft j- ^ $, adj. Over-fond of ; 
inordinately attached. 

AITATSU 7 >f 9 y $Qi suru, to inform, 
communicate, make known. 

AITK 7 b T i.q. akite, the pres. part, of aki. 

AITE 7 b *? ${j | ^ or ^ ^ n. A mate, part- 
ner, companion ; an opponent, antagonist, 
adversary, competitor ; the other party in any 
affair : wo suru, to act as a partner or an- 
tagonist ; wo shite kudasare, join me in ;i 
match (game, etc.) ; aite hoshi ya to omn tn- 
koro da, I was just wishing I had some one to 
talk to (or to play with). 

AITKDORI.-RU 7b?'h*A' $E^3 t.v. To 
treat as an enemy or opposing party (as in a 
law-suit, or quarrel); against: oya wo aite- 
(latte kuji wo suru, to bring suit n^irnst one's 
father ; tomodachi wo aitedotte ktnkwa wo 
turw, to quarrel with a friend. 

AITSU 7 4 */ $ & (cont. of ano yattu) That 
fellow. 

AITSUCHI 7 b 7 f- ^9 tt n - Hammering to- 
gether, as two bluckbiuitbs with alternate 
strokes. 

AITHUTHHJI 7 /f 7 v i? n. A species of azelia 

tli;it MOOMI iti ())' .iiitnnili. 

AIYAKK 7 b -Y T Krftd- The daughter iu-law's 

01 aull-iu-ltttt'tf lullior. 



AIY 



8 



AKA 



AIYAKU 74^^ts]f&n. A fellowjofficer. 
AIYEN-KIYEN 7 4 .*. > ^ -^ v <^ ^< ^, 3^. Like 

and dislike ; as. /'o zoa tZa, men have 

different likes and dislikes, different tastes. 
AIYOME 7 b 3 * %&%. n. The wives of two 

brothers, or daughters-in-law in the same 

family. 
Ai-z5 74 y*# ^^ n. (itsukushimi, nikumi) 

Love and hatred. 
AIZOME 7 4 y* ^ SI ^ n- Blue-dyed : i.q. at- 



Aizu f b 3f &| g| n. A signal, sign : tco 

*u?-u, to make a signal ; no hata, a signal 

flag ; no tepp<~. a signal gun. 
AIZUCHI Tb'/f- ^S&n. A sledge-hammer: 

utsu, replying to another's speech. 
AIZUMI 7 # \ n. A ball of indigo used in 

dyeing. 
AIZURI 7 # 5f 9 fff n. Printed or dyed in 

blue. 
AJABI T W 9 n. (Sanscrit word) A Bud- 

dhist priest whose office it is to attend to the 

discipline of the bonzes under his control. 
AJI 7 f S| n. The name of a fish. 
AJI 7 f n. Taste, flavor : wo mini, to 

try the flavor ; wn tsukeru, to flavor. 
AJIOAMO 7-Ftf^e !$?!| n. The spectacled teal. 
AJIKA 7 s? # 3$; n. A kind of basket used by 

farmers 
AJIKINAI,-KI-KU 7f ? **>f $* 'RSf adj. Vain; 

empty; useless: ajikinakn tsuki hi wo okuru, 

to pass the time uselessly ; yo wo ajikinaku 

omou, to be weary of the world ; mt no ajiki- 

nasa. 
AJIMAME 7 ^v * n. A kind of trailing bean 

or lentil. 



f ? v9* n. The betel nut; i.q. 6fn 
roji. 

AJINA 7^^ ^"fe adj. Strange; wonderful ; 
surprising. 

Syn. AYASHII, HEN-NA. 

AJINAI.-KI 7f-rM * adj. Without flavor ; 

tasteless : kaze hiite tabemono ga ajinai, when 

one has a cold food is tasteless. 
AJIBO 7 & p $3 -f\ n. A woven work of bam- 

boo, ratan or grass ; a weir or fish-basket. 
tAjiKOTAMA 7 & n ft -r n. A kind of wagon 

used in ancient times. 

AJISAI 7*'1M $|&J n- The Hydrangea. 
AJISASHI 7 5? If ^ n A gull, or tern. 
AJI-UBI 7 ^ 9 $# /A, n. The musk-melon. 

Syn. MAKUWAUBI. 
AJIWAI Tf^b Sfc n. Taste; flavor: ga 

yoi ; ga warui ; ga nai. 
AJIWAI,-ATJ 7f^7 t.v. To taste, to try ; 

to examine : njiwote mint, to try by tasting. 
AKA 7 U psj f^jr n (a Sanscrit word) The 

water placed by the Buddhists before their 

idols, and in the hollow places cut in tomb- 

stones ; holy water. 
AKA 7 -ft ^ n. Bilge-water: wo kayeru, to 

bail out a boat, or pump a ship. 
AKA 7 U %; n. Filth ; dirt ; the dirt or grease 

of the body ; the dirt or slime of water : yu- 

aka, the incrustation on the inside of a teapot ; 



wo otosu, to clean off the dirt ; ga tsuita, 
dirty ; viimi no , earwax ; ga shimita. 

AKA 7 * -ifr. Bed ; naked ; completely ; per- 
fectly: no tanin, a perfect stranger: used 

mostly in compounds. 
AKABO 7 * jtf n. A species of rico that has a 

reddish ear. 
t AKABOSHI 7 % ?}f s, n. The morning star, 

Venus. 

AKADAIKON 7*^>f=JV-^^t^.n. A beet. 
AKADAMA 7^^-r-^^n. A red stone ; the 

name of a secret medicine, made into red pills, 

and used for pain in the stomach. 
fAKADANA 7Uff+ n. The shelf or altnr in 

the house where holy water and Buddhist 

idols are placed. 
AKAOAEBU 7***^A'-ijJ:^n. A species of 

frog having a beautifully striped skin. 
AKAOAI 7 * if 4 -fa $& n. The name of ft 

species of red shell-fish. 
AKAOANE f-jj-jf^ ft n. Copper. 

Syn. DO. 

AKAOAO 7 n if -ft -^ $g n. A red face. 
fAKAOABi 7 -ft if 9 i.q. nkagirc. 
AKAOASHI 7 -ft -jf > -^ jfc n. Thf name of a 

tree ; lit. red oak 
AKAOASHIBA 7 # -ff *> y A person with red 

hair; a red liearl. 

AKAOK 7 ^ f -fa % n. Red hair. 
AKAOIBE 7 * ^ u 05; n. Chaps, or cracks on 

the hands or feet produced by cold : te ni 

ga kireta, my hands are chapped. 
AKAOO 7* d* -fc^- n. An infant ; babe; i.q. 

akambo. 

AKAOOMK 7 -)j d*^ n. Bed or glutinous rice. 
AKAHADAKA 7 u ^ >? U -fa j%. Stark naked ; 

bare of clothing- ta riant; de toto ye 

deru, to go out of the house naked. 

Syn 8UHADAKA. 

AKAHAJI 7 u j\ ? -^ fc n. Publicly disgraced : 

wo kakaseru ; wo kaku. 
AKAHABA 7*-'^5 -^^l n. Dysentery. 

Syn BIBYO. 
AKAHIOE 7 * b # A red beard ; a person 

with a red beard. 
AKAI 7 * & n. The well from which (a/;a) 

holy-water is drawn. 
AKAI.-KI-SHI 7 ^ >f -jjjt adj. Red ; (met) sincere, 

loyal : afcat kimono, red clothes ; hana ga alcai, 

the flower is red; a/cat iro, red color; ko- 

koro, a sincere heart. 
AKAJIMITA r if & $ * ^r^ adj. Dirty; soiled 

by the grease of the body : kimono, dirty 

clothes. 

fAKAKAOACHi 7 * v if f- n. i.q. hddzuki. 
fAKAKi 7U* B^ adj. Bright; clear. 
AKAKU 7 -ft 9 adv. Red : suru, to make red ; 

naru, to become red ; nai, it is not 
red. 

AKAMAJIE 7 -ft v j* n. A reddish-brown bean. 

AKA-MATSU 7 * v !X -ifc $ n. (red pine) Pirus 
densiflora. 

AKAMBEI 7 )}*"$ 4 n. (coll.) Pulling down 
the lower eyelids to make faces at others, in 
the manner of children ; uo suru. 



AKA 



ARE 



AXAMBO f-fi^-^-fj ^^n. (com. col.) An 
infant. 

Syn. MIDORIGO, AKAGO, SEKISHI. 

AKAME 7 # j n. The nsh known as the fat. 

AKAME,-RU 7 jj * >^ -fa t.v. To make red ; to 
redden : kao ico , to blush. 

AKAMEAI.-AU 7 U * T ~? i.v. To confront each 
other with flushed face : akameatte anixu. 

AKAMI 7 # $ -jjfc n. A redness ; a red color or 
tinge of red ; the red part ; the lean part of 
flesh: kakaru, or zasu, to turn red, 
ripen. 

AKAMI.-MU T -ft *. i.v. To be red. 

AKAMIDACHI.-TSU T 1) \ ft" y ^FL i.v. To turn 
or become red, as leaves or fruit. 

AKAMIWATARI,-RU 7 -ft \ V ft fl* -fa jj$ i.v. To 
become red all over, as the sky at sunset. 

t AKAMO 7 -ft ^ -fa ^ n. A red skirt or petti- 
coat. 

AKAMOMO 7 -ft q& * [n. Bog cranberry, Vaccinium 
oxycoccus. 

AKANASU T 1j + ^ n. Tomato. 

AKAXE 7 # ^ ^ n. Madder, or Bubia-man- 
jista. 

AKANESASU 7^^-^^. adj. The red appearance 
of the sky at sunset. 

fAKAXi 7 u ^ --^ fj- n. Bed : 710 ho, red, 
(or ripe) ear of rice. 

ASLASU r 1} 3* 7 BJ3 neg. of afct, not open ; 
or ^ /$ n ot tired or weary : naka, indis- 
soluble or delightful relation ; rachi ga , 
slow, not expeditious. 

AKANUKE.-BU 7 % x >r A* i.v. To be gay ; 
stylish ; refined ; polished. 

AKA-OTOSHI 7 U ? } I* $r $ n. Anything that 
will cleanse or remove dirt from the body or 
clothing ; cleansing. 

AXABAOAO r -fj 7 if * -^ $| n. A red face. 

AKABAKA 7 * 7 * adj. TUX, red. 

AKARAKASHI 7 # y u $, n. Bed-oak. 

AKARAMK 7 -ft y ? n. Looking away or aside. 
Syn. YOSOME. 

AKABAMB.-BD 7 -Jj 5 > * t.v. To redden ; make 
red. 

AJURAMI.-MU 7 9 * -^ i.v. To become red ; 
to be ruddy ; to blush ; to be ripe : kao ga , 
to blush. 

AKARASAMA si 7*7D;v^i frftfc adv. With- 
out concealment 01 disguise ; plainly ; clearly ; 
publicly ; suddenly : tu, to speak the whole 
tth. 

Syn. MUKIDABHI NI. 

AJURE,-RU 7 D \s ** $/$ pasg. of aki, to be 

disliked ; loatl 

AJURI 7*9 W n. The light ; a light . mado 

'ikete ico foru, to open the window and 

let in the light ; ye deru, to come to the 

light ; mado kara ga taiu, the li^ht sliinos 

ough the window; wo t$ukfrn, to 

litfht a lamp ; mi no ga taUu, my iuno- 

l up. 
fAKAni,-Ro 7 -n *- i.v. To become red ; to be 

to become clear, bright, or beautiful. 
AEABI-MADO 7 * 9 v M. A skylight. 

STB. SEN-MAIXJ, 



AKARI-SAKI 7 -ft 9 -f ^ B$ |tj n. Before one's 
light ; in one's light : ni tatsu, to stand in 
one's light. 

AKARI-TORI T 9 > 9 H^ 3R n. A window, or 
any place for letting in light. 

AKARUI.-KI 7 * ** 4 B^ adj. Light ; not dark ; 
clear ; bright ; clever ; skillful : tokoro, a 
light place. 

AKARUKU 7 % x* 9 adv. Light : naru, to 
become light ; suru, to make light, lighten ; 
nai , not light ; mi no ue uru, to clear 
one's reputation. 

AKARUMI 7 -fj ** \ H$ n. A light place. 

AKARUSA T^j^-f B^ n. The lightness; the 
state or degree of light. 

AKARUSHI 7 * ^ ^ B^- It is light. See aktirui. 

AKARUTAE 7 ^ A* ^r ^ n. A garment worn by 
a kannushi when worshipping a knmi 

AKASA 7 # tf -^ u. The state or degree of 
redness. 

AKASHI 7 jj 5s ^ adj. See akai. 

AKASHI,-SU 7 # ^ B^ t.v. To make clear or 
plain ; to explain ; to declare or make known 
something concealed ; to confess, reveal ; to 
bring to light ; to spend the night in doing any- 
thing : hon wo yonde yo wo , to spend the 
night in reading ; naki , to 017 all night ; 
aritei ni , to confess the whole truth ; yo wo 
akashi-kdiicrit. to spend a miserable night. 

AKASHI 7 # i' tS Proof; evidence; light: 
fund uta wo hikiie to shi, cited ancient 
poetry in proof. 
Syn. SHOKO. 

AKASHI-BITO 7 # l tf }. n. A witness. 

AKASHIDE 7^ S^T " Distegocarpus laxiflorus. 

AKASUJI 7 * ^ ? -fa $j n. Bed lines, or veins. 

AKATCHAKETA 7 * y + -Y ^* 9 adj. Beddish. 

AKATORI T A > 9 jft % H A vessel for bail- 
ing a boat. 

AKATSUKI 7^7^ ^ u. The dawn of day ; 
day-break. 

Syn. YOAKE, AKEBONO. 

fAKATSDKiausA 7 u y % >? ^ u. The morning 
bell. 

AKAZA 7 * -^ ^ n. A thorny shrub, Cheno- 
podium album. 

AKAZUKI 7*5^^ n. The vessel in which aka 
is kept. 

AKJE 7 f %. n. A red color ; crimson. 

AKE.-RD 7 f *> H^ or J^ t.v. or i.v. To open ; 
to empty ; to vacate ; to dawn : to wo , to 
open a door ; kuchi wo , to op-n tin- mouth ; 
miehi wo , to open the way, .1. u the road ; 
ie wo , to vacate a hou-e. <>i t<> ; k 
one's self from home; hako wo , to open a 
box, or to empty a box ; ana ico , to mako 
a hole; aida wo , to make an opening be- 
tween ; yo ga , the day dawns ; ntn ga 
, the year or time of service is finished ; 
to*hi ga , the new year has begun ; futa wo 
, to take off a lid. 

AKE.-KU 7 y /u ft i.v. To bo p.-Ui 

Mdugh: akeru keilnki naku, no 
sign of being tired of. 



AKE 



10 



AKI 



AKEBI 7 * is 1 ^ Tlie Akebia quinata, 
barberry. 

AKEBONO 7 f tf } fif- n. The dim twilight of 
the morning. 
S.yn. AKATSUKI. 

AKEDAMA J>rit-* n. The rim of the vent-hole 
on the top of a helmet. - 

AKEGATA 7 >r if 2 Ef- 3F n. The dawn. 

AKEGUBK 7 >r 9 \s g |J| n. The darkness just 
before the day begins to break; morning 
twilight. 

AKEHANARE,-RU T^T^N^-V^ B$ j| i.v. To 
dawn (as the morning) ; to break (as the day.) 

AKEHANASHI,-SU J >r ^^-^ B$ jg| t.v. To leave 
open : to wo , to leave the door open ; ake- 
banashi muyo, don't leave the door open. 

AKE-KUKE 7 p 9 v _0 ^ n. Rising and setting 
of the sun ; morning and evening ; day and 
night ; constantly : kokoro ni hanarezu, 
was in my mind day and night. 

AKEMUTSU 7 jr j. y B$- 3\ n. Six o'clock in the 
morning. 

AKENI 7 p n. A box made of bamboo. 

AKENOHI 7 7 b n. The next or following day. 

AKENOKANE 7^r>? # 3- $G $i " The morning 
bell, struck about sunrise in Bud. temples. 

AKENOTOSHI 7 >r ^ h S^ B$ if n. The year 
after ; the following or succeeding year. 

AKENOTSUKI ~f *r ) y *t B/j ^ n. The month 
after ; the month following. 

AKE-TATE 7 PUT PJ Bfl n. Opening and shut- 
ting. 

fAKETsuKEPORi 7 ? y jf 9 n. (poet.) A cock. 

AKI 7 ^ ^ n. Autumn, fall, harvest : no 
kure, end of fall. 

AKI 7 % /g n. Satiety ; fullness ; enough : 
ga deru, to get tired of anything ; ga hayai, 
soon weary of. 

AKI 7 ^ ^ n. and adj. Empty; vacant; un- 
occupied ; open ; lucky ; favorable : dokuri, 
an empty bottle ; bako, empty box ; ie, 
vacant house ; chi, vacant or uncultivated 
land ; dana, a vacant shop ; no kata, a 
lucky quarter or region. 

AKI, AKU, AITA f ? pj or ? i.v. To be open, 
empty, vacant, unoccupied ; to begin : to ga 
aita, the door is open ; ie ga aita, the house 
is vacant ; hako ga aita, the box is empty ; 
akinai no kuchi ga aita, the sale has com- 
menced ; me ga aku, eyes are open. 
Syn. HIRAKU. 

AKI,-KU or-KiBu, AITA 7 ^ & or ^ i.v. To be 
full, satiated ; to have enough ; to be tired of, 
weaned: aku made taberu, to eat to satiety ; 
mono ni akiru, quickly tired of a thing ; mo 
kiki aita, I have heard enough, I am tired of 
hearing ; asobi ni akiru, tired of play ; aku 
koto wo shirazu, never satisfied; sakana ni 
aku, to be tired of fish ; aku made tsuyoi, 
exceedingly powerful ; aku made, completely. 

Syn. ITOU, IYA NI NABU, AGUMU. 

AKIAJI 7 * 7 2 n. (an Aino word) Salmon. 
AKIBITO 7 ^ b? h jgj A n. A merchant, trader. 

Syn. AKINDO. 
AKIDO 7 *l* 8$ n. The gills of a fish. 



AKIGO 7 ^ 3* f 3* n. Anything produced or 
brought forth in the autumn. 

AKIHATE.-RU 7 ^ s\ 7- ^ ^ ^ i.v. To be com- 
pletely satiated ; to be tired of anything ; 
disgusted : kono shigoto ni wa aki-hateta, quite 
tired of this work. 

7 4 s 5? b n. Amaurosis. 

7 ^ 2r -tf V * n- The eighth 
month. 

AKIMA 7 ^ v n. Space between, as two open 
doors. 

AKIMEKUBA 7^^^^ ^^n. Amaurosis, or 
glaucoma ; (coll.) an ignoramus. 

AKIMONO 7 ^ ^ ) ^ tfy n. Merchandize; 
goods, 

AKINAI 7 4 s ** b ^7 n. Trade ; traffic ; com- 
merce : wo suru, to trade. 
Syn. SHOBAI. 

AKINAI.-AU 7 * * 7 $j t.v. To trade; to 
traffic ; to buy and sell : omae wa nani wo 
akinai-nasaru, what do you trade in ? 

Syn. BAIBAI SURU, 8HOBAI 8UBU, UBIKAI SUBU. 

AKINAI-BUNB 7^-^bT*-^ i^^Jp (shosen) n. A 
merchant-ship. 

AKINAI-MONO 7^-J-b*^ j^^n. Mer- 
chandize ; an article for sale ; goods ; wares. 

AKINDO 7 % f h* j^A. n. A merchant, trader. 

AKINDO-BUNK -7 % $/ $ 7*3: ffi ffc n. A mer- 
chant ship. 

fAKiNOMiYA 7^75-Vf^'g'n. The palace 
of the Emj 

fAKiNosHiMo ~f *t ) Ss^ $.$& n. A aword. 

AKIPPOI -T+ytfJ adj. (coll.) Easily tired of 
anything ; fickle ; capricious ; changeable. 

AKIBAKA 7^9^ B$ Clear; plain ; intelligible; 
manifest ; distinct ; obvious ; luminous : 
naru hi, a clear day; de nai, not plain. 

AKIBAKA-NI 7 ^ *? -ft B^ adv. Clearly ; dis- 
tinctly ; plainly ; evidently ; intelligently : 
I'M, to speak plainly. 

AKIBAKEKI,-KU-SHI, -?%<?>?% B$ adj. Clear; 
plain ; manifest. 

AKIBAME 7 ^ ? * |^ n. Ease or relief of mind 
from doubt, perplexity or anxiety ; resigna- 
tion ; satisfaction : no tame ni isha ni mite 
morau, to ask a physician to see a patient 
merely for one's satisfaction ; no u-arui 
onna, a woman who will not be resigned or 
dismiss a matter from her mind ; akiramera- 
renu to akirameru, to be resigned to the inevit- 
able. 

AKIBAME,-BU 7 ^ J * A* ^ t.v. and i.v. To 
clear ; to make plain ; to understand clearly ; 
to clear, free or relieve the mind of doubt or 
suspense ; to satisfy, or set the mind at rest ; 
to be resigned or acquiesce in : dori wo , to 
make the truth plain, or to understand it ; 
shikata ya nai to , finding there is no 
remedy to be resigned. 

Syn. OMOIKIRU, KWAN-NEN SUBU. 

AKIBE.-BU 7 ^ is ^ i.v. To be astonished ; 
dumbfounded; to wonder ; to be surprised : 
akirete mono ga iicurenu, not able to speak 
from astonishment ; a kireta hito, an awful uian. 

SyU. ODOBOKC, DOZENTARU. 



AKI 



11 



AKU 



fAnisA or AISA 7 ^ # n. A species of wild 
duck. 

IAKISASU 7 * $ x. n. Bargain money ; paying 
in advance. 
Syn. TE-TSUKE. 

AKITARI,-RU 7 % 9 * fe}/. i.v. To be satis- 
fied; to have enough; contented: akitarazu, 
unsatisfied. 

7 % y n. A dragon-fly. 

AKITSUKAMI 7 % y % \ n. The visible god, i.e. 
the Tenthi. 

AKITSUSHIMA or AKITSUSU 7 * y " v |t < : Jti 
n. An ancient name of Japan, so called ironi 
its shape resembling the dragon-fly, or, as 
some say, from its abundant harvests. 

AKIYA 7 4 "V S ^ n - A vacant house. 

fAKizu 7 jr *J u The dragon-fly ; i.q. akitsu. 
SAI.-KI-KU 7y$r-*->f adj. Not enough. 

AKKE-NI-TORARE,-RU -fyjr^YyisA' i.v. 
(coll.) To be amazed, surprised, astonished, 
thunder-struck. 

AKKERAKAN 7 y >r 5 * v adv. (coll.) In a 
vacant, empty manner ; having nothing to 
occupy one's self with ; listlessly : to shite 
hi ico'kurasu, to spend the day in a vacant, 
idle manner. 

AKKI 79% f|; jf| n. Evil spirits ; a demon. 

AKKI 79% H^< n - Noxious vapors; miasma. 

AKKO 7 9 =J ^ V (\caru kuchi) n. Vile, 
scurrilous or blackguard language: sum, 
to blackguard, revile ; wo iu, id. 
Syn. NONOSHIRI, ZOGON. 
7 3 n. My son, i.q. waga ko. 
7 3 n. (poet.) A fisherman. 
T 1i V ifc adv. Contraction of akaku, 
red : gozarimas, it is red. 

AKOE 7 a Jt n The spur of a cock. 
Syn. KEZDME. 

AKOGARE.-RU 7 3 if \* ** %L ^ i v. To be ab- 
stracted, absent-minded, or the mind deeply 
interested in some object and unconscious of 
things near; unsettled or uneasy in mind ; to 
long after 

AXOOARK-ABUKU 7 3 if v 7 A* 9 i.v. To walk 
t in an abstracted manner. 

AKOOI-MA 7 a if -h P*J fi$f adj. Extravagant ; 
absurd; unreasonable 

AKOOI-NI 7 3 ^ H'i^ adv. Extravagantly; 
absurdly. 

IAKOME 7 a * n. A woman of low rank or 
position 

t AKOMK 7 3 >i n. The garment worn next the 
skin by women ; a garment worn by nobles 
the 1st to the 5th rank : ginu, id. 

AKOYA or AKOYAOAI 7 3 -y n. The name of a 

' fe or W- 

Au 79 /^;f n L .v; also the liquor ob- 
tained by slacking lime or steeping anything 
in water. 
AKU *T 9 & (athiki) Bad; wici 

ttnous; atrocious; hellinh ; malignant; 

noxious; viruleut; foul : unit 

1 ; too kora$u, to punish wickeduess; 

ni fuktru, to increase iu evil ; aku-ba, a vicious 



horse ; aku-ba, a virago ; aku nichi, an un- 
lucky day. 

AKUBI f jr t* X n - Yawning ; gaping : wo 
sum, to yawn ; to gape. 

AKUBYO T.?tf-Y# fe^P5 (ashiki yamai) n. 
A malignant disease. 

AKUCHI f ? f- j jfa n. Bad or impure blood. 

AKUCHI 7 9 f- n. Pimples that break out on 
the lips. 

AKUDOI.-KI J 9 $4 adj. (coll.) Quickly produc- 
ing satiety ; cloying ; palling ; gross in taste ; 
exceeding what is delicate, refined or proper ; 
disgusting by excess ; florid ; verbose; prolix. 
Syn. SHITSUKOI. KFDOI. 

AKU-FU T ^ 7 <5r jg ^ (ashiki narawashi) n. 
A bad custom ; bud. manners. 

AKUOARE,-RU f 9 if \s v- Same as akogare. 

AKUGIAKU T 9 "V 9 ^^ n. Outrageously 
wicked ; atrocious ; nefarious ; diabolical or 
impious ; treachery ; treason. 

AKUGO or AKUQYO T 9 if 7 ^ f (ashiki 
waza) n. Evil deeds ; evil reward : (Bud.) 
wo tsitkurite alni-rju no mukui iro it1;nru. 

AKUHEI f 9 ~* 4 jj> n. Evil practices ; bad 
conduct or manners. 

AKUJI r 9 & && (ashiki koto) n. A bad 
affair ; a wicked thing : sen ri koji mon wo 
idezu, a bad thing is known a thousand miles, 
but a good thing goe* not out of the door. 

AKUJITSU T 9 & y ^l^t n< ^ ue 8ee d f the 
gobu, used as a medicine. 

AKUJO -f 9 i 3 3 ^ -% n. An ugly woman ; a 
bad women. 

AKUMA f p * ^ $ n. A demon ; a devil. 

AKDMU T 9 * && n - A bad or unlucky dream. 

AKUMYO T 9 \ -V V ^ (ashiki na) n. A 
bad name or reputation. 

tAKDNAi,-AU T 9 *- 7 i.v. To prance. 
Syn. HANERU, ODORU. 

AKUNEX T 9 3* ^ ^ ^ n. Evil or wicked 
thoughts : wo nkiutizit. 

AKDNIN f 9 f j& A (wrui Wfo) n. A bad 
or wicked man : ni wa tomo onhi, a bad 
man has many companions. 

AKURU T 9 ** Same as akern. The dawning or 
opening of the day ; ensuing ; following ; next: 
yo no wo matsu, to wait for the dawning of 
the day ; /if, the next day ; tothi, the 
following year. 

AKURYO TJ'f'Y$lES n A malicious 
spirit of a dead person : ga hi to ni turitsu- 
);n, a malicious spirit bewitch- < men. 

r 9 -te >f t'-V ^ ]^ & $ n. A 
disease of a malignant type. 

AKUBKKI; 79*9 f fe adv. In a busy, 
bustling manner . >////- fuitarakii. 
rt T ^ 5.^ JR_ V n- A bad habit. 

AKUSHU J9*=*- ,^ /i n. (Bud.) Transmi- 
gration to a \\ ,on. 

D T ^ i"^ ^. 4" ('* w <> nigiru). Grasp- 
Ing). 

AKUSO T 9 V *t &$& n. A bad or malicious 
pbyti 

AKUTA T ^ ^ ^jt n. Dirt ; litter j filth. 
Sju. ooau, CHUU. 



AKU 



12 



AMA 



An atrociously 



79 % ii. An intestinal worm, Lumbri- 
cus, i.q. ku'tii-chu. 

AKUTAFU 7 9 2 y n. The place where dirt or 
litter is thrown ; a dirt-heap. 

AKU-TAI 7 9 X 4 ^|f u. Vile, foul, scur- 
rilous language. 
Syn. AKKO. 

AKUTO 7 ^ K jE$ H. A bad or wicked 
person. 

AKUTO 7 * > n. The heel. 

AKU-TO 79%*} *& 3 n - 
wicked person or com puny. 

AKUZOKU 7 ^ y* ^ ^ f n. Evil customs. 

AMA 7v /?L n- A Buddhist nun 

AMA 7-r $[ A 11. A fisherman: 
fisher- woman. 

AMA 7 -r ^ n. Heaven ; the sky ; used mostly 
in compounds : ^j rain. 

AMA-AGARI 7 v 7 #* 9 ^ Jt. n. Clearing off 
of rain. 

AMA-AI 7 v 7 b n. The interval between 
showers of rain. 

fAMABARi 7 T /? 9 n. The clear interval be- 
tween showers of rain. 

t AMABIKO 7 T tr 3 n. An echo, i.q. yamabiko. 

JAMABITO 7 v if > n. An inhabitant of heaven. 
Syn. TENNIN. 

AMABOSHI 7 v ?# J" ^ ^ n. Sun-dried, 
without being suited ; dried persimmon. 

AMACHA 7 vft -ft ^ n. The name of a 
sweet infusion, used as a medicine, and for 
washing the image of Shaka on the anni- 
versary of his birth. 

AMADARI 7 v if 9 n. The rain dropping 
from the eaves. 

AMADARI-UKE 7^^*9^^^^n. A vessel 
for receiving rain water. 

AMADERA 7 ~* T J /iL^fn. A convent or 
nunnery (Budd.) 

AMADO 7^^ pfij j^ n. Bain-door; the outside 
sliding doors which are closed at night or in 
rainy weather. 

AMAE 7 * ^ n. Indulgence ; humoring or 
petting a child. 

AMAE.-RU 7 ^ ^ *- |Q| t.v. To caress, fondle, 
coax ; petted ; coaxed ; persuaded : kodomo ga 
oya ni , the child caresses its parents ; go- 
shin-setsu ni amae, induced by your kindness. 

fAMAETAKi,-KU-sHi 7 v oi Jt $s adj. Bashf ul ; 
shy. 

AMAGAERU 7-v^^^^^n. A tree-frog. 

fAMAGAKE,-Ru 7 v ** *T & t.v. To walk upon 
the heavens or in the air. 

AMAGAKI 7 * if % n. A species of early persim- 
mon. 

AMAGAPPA 7 ^ if y ,s vft&% n. A rain-coat. 

AMAGASA 7^fif^r ^ 5 n. A rain-hat, or ^ 
^: an umbrella. 

IAMAGATSU 7 v :fr* y n. A doll or image on 
which the evils of children are laid and borne 
away. 

AMAGE 7 v y n. Having the appearance of 

rain. 

AMAGINU 7**?Z n. Rain clothes, worn in the 
rain. 



f AMAGIRI,-RU 7 * *f A, i.v. To be cloudy ; 
foggy. 

AMAGOI 7va*b ^ ^, n. Praying for rain. 

IAMAGOROMO 7^^^^ n. A rain-coat. 

AMAGU 7 v / f^ ^ n. Articles used to pro- 
tect from ruin ; as, an umbrella, a rain-coat. 

t AMAHADA 7 <* ;> ^r* n. The sea-beach. 
Syn. CMIBATA. 

AMAHADA 7 T ^ ^ n. The inner bark of a tree, 
i.q. amakuica. 

AMAHAKO 7 -r ^N a n. A box made of a net-work 
of wood. 

IAMAI 7 -r to As, like : same as gotoku. 

AMAI.-KI 7 -r 4 -tf" adj. Sweet- pleasant to 
the taste ; savory ; [$] not enough salt ; [^|fc] 
easy ; loose; not tight ; not strict ; having too 
much play ; [ji] soft, as metal ; foolish : sato 
wa amai, sugar is sweet : sliio ga there is 
not enough salt in it ; nori ga there is not 
enough starch in it (clothes) ; kusabi ga , 
the wedge is loose ; /catena no kane ga , 
metal of the sword is soft ; chie ga hito, 
has but little wit. 

AMAJIO 7*&* "i^S Slightly salted. 

t AMAJISHI 7 v & ^ n. A fleshy tumor ; a wen. 

AMAKAWA 7 -r -fj '*> n. The inner bark of a tree. 

AMAKKZUKI.-KU 7-rv 1 /^ ^^,'H' i-v. To 
have the appearance of rain. 

IAMAKI 7 T ^ n. Liquorice root, i.q. kanzo. 

AMAKU 7 -r 9 -$ adv. Sweet ; see amai : 
sum, to sweeten ; nat, it is not sweet ; 
kane amakutt kirenai the metal is so soft it 
will not cut ; ko wo todatcru, to humor a 
child. 

AMAKUDARI.-RU 7 ^ 9 if * ^ J^ i.v. To de- 
scend from heaven. 

AMA -MA 7 -r -r ^ fJJ (arne no aida) n. Inter- 
vals between showers of rain. 

fAMAMATU 7 -r v a. n. The nam? of a kind of 
wagon used in ancient times. 

AMAMIZU 7 T 5 t/ |^ ;K n. Bain-water. 

AMAMORI -r 7 * 9 ?^i^n. A leaking of rain 
through the roof. 

AMAMOYOI 7v ; 6Hb^f^n. A gathering of 
the clouds for rain : ga uru, it is prepar- 
ing for rain 

AMANAI.-AU 7 -r * 7 -fr t.v. To taste with 
pleasure, relish ; to do cheerfully, willingly ; 
to make peace ; to pacify : shoku wo amana- 
wazu, not to relish food. 

AMANEKI.-KU-SHI -r -* 3- 9 ^ adj. Every- 
where ; universal ; all ; whole : hi wa sekai 
wo terasu, the sun shines over the whole earth; 
michi wa amanekaranu tokoro nashi, the laws 
-.f nature pervade all things. 

Syn. MAMBEN-NI, HOKO NI MO. 

AMANJI.-ZUBU 7-rv/A- -^- i.v. To relish, 

delight in ; to do cheerfully, willingly : shoku 

wo , to relish food. 
AMANOGAWA 7 v ) if ^ ^ $[ n. The milky way. 

Syn. GINGA. 
fAMANOHAHAYA 7 A 7 ^ v v n. The arrows 

from heaven used by the gods. 
AMAXOHARA 7v;^7 ^^ n. The heavenly 

plain ; the sky ; the original abode of the kami. 



AMA 



18 



AMR 



AMAXO-IWAKURA 7 f ) 4 ^ 9 7 n. The (rocky) 

immovable throne of the kami. 
AMAXOJAKO r^^sJ-Va (coll.) A devil. 
IAMANOKO 7 -r ; 3 u. A harlot. 

Syn. ASOBIME. 

.\O-MASDHITO T-r^^^bh n. The race 
of man (so called from its gradually multi- 
ply iug)- 

AMANO-MISU T* ) \~*. n. The dwelling of a 
god, or of the Temhi. 

AMANORI 7 v ) 9 %t&f n. Purple laver. The 
porphyra vulgaris. 
Syn. MURASAKI-XORI. 

IAMAXO-XORIGOTO 7 "* ) * 9 3* > n. The harp 
plaved by one who desired to receive a com- 
munication from the kami. 

f AMANOSAKATE 7 v ) T # T a. Striking the 
hands together behind the back, as in cursing 
another. 

fAMANO-SAYOHASHI 7 T ^ If 3 ' N a" n. The 

bridge across the milky way by which Kengyu 
and Tokujo go to meet each other. 

fAMAXo-UKiHAsm 7 v J *? * ^ *s The float- 
ing bridge by which Izanagi and Izanami de- 
scended from heaven to earth. 

f AMANOZAKO 7 * ) tf = n. A demon ; a devil. 

AMA-OCHI 7 -r ^ f- n. A small court-yard in 
the centre of a house ; the gutter or place 
where the rain-drops fall from the eaves of a 
house. 

AMAOI TT^Jtfeifitt 11 * A covering or 
screen to keep off the rain. 

AMARE,-RU Tvv^i.v. Leftover; to be over 
and above. 

AMARI.-RU 7 -r *- i.v. To exceed ; to be 
more or greater timn ; to be beyond or above ; 
to remain over ; to be left over ; too much for : 
toshi wa rokuju ni amaru, he was more than 
sixty years old ; kore dake amatta, there is so 
much over ; omoi ni , beyond one's ability 
to make out ; te ni amani, too strong for, too 
much for one's strength ; me ni , cannot 
bear to look at, cannot see patiently ; ureshia 
im mi ni , his happiness was excessive (lit. 
too much for his body). 
Syn. NOKORU, SUOIRD. 

AMARI' 7 ~* 9 n. That which is left over; the 
remainder ; excess ; surplus ; overplus : dun- 
no ira tcatiikiithi ga itadakimanu, I re- 
ceive what inv master leaves. 

AMARI 7 -r 9 & adv. Very ; exceedingly ; more 

than ; too ; above : samui, too cold ; 

'<?, too much ; hattuka , more than 

twenty days ; oki, too large ; omoihiroku 

mo nai, not very agreeable. 

Syn. HANARADA. 

AMARI NA or AMARI NO 7 -r 9 + fa adj. Ex- 
eesaive; more than is common ,:iblo ; 

immoderate ; inordinate ; extraordinary : 
i*hi* ni koe wo hatturn, crii-dout throURh 
excessive pain ; koto wo IN, to say that 
which is improper or absurd ; yattu, an 
egregious rascal. 

^ 7-r? -tf" n. The state or degree of 
sweetness ; see amat. 



T -T tf * ** adj. Remote from 
heaven, or from the capital. 

AMASHI 7 -r ^ -tf- ndj. Sweet ; see amat. 

AMASHI,-SU T ^ ^ ^ t.v. To let remain ; leave 
over: teki wo am<i*u na, don't let any of the 
enemy remain ; amasazu, without leaving any. 

SyU. NOKOSU, MORASU. 

tAMA8HiRARE,-RU 7 -r is 7 \s A* i.v. To die, i.e. 

to go under the dominion of the kami. 
AMASHITARI T T ^ 9 9 n. Bain-drops from 

the eaves. 
AMASHOJI 7 * ^ -Y ^ s? WF-'^ n. An outside 

or rain door, made of sash pasted with oiled 

paper. 
fAMAsooi 7 -r y *? adj. High, reaching to 

heaven ; the shaven head of a nun. 
AMASO NA r v -9- + # fa adj. Having the 

appearance of being sweet, cr pleasant to the 

taste. 
AMASSAE T * y f ^'] adv. Moreover; 

besides ; still more ; in addition. 

Syn. SONOUE xi. 
AMATA T -r 9 & $ adj. Many ; much : tabi, 

many times ; no hito, a great many persons ; 

no kimi, many countries. 

Syn. OKU, OBITADASHII, TANTO. 

IAMATARI.-RU T v St ** i.v. To be full ; com- 
plete : spoken only of the Tenshi. 

t AMATERASHI,- su 7 -r T 5 ^ ^ ^ t.v. To 
shine from the sky. 

AMATSU 7 * y (comp. of ama, heaven and 
obs. gen. suffix, tsu, of) kami, gods of 
heaven ; hi, the sun ; otome, female 
angels ; haze, the wind; mizu, rain ; 
sora, the sky. 

IAMATSUHIRE J v y b v n. A cloud. 
Syn. KUMO. 

tAMATsuHiTsuoi 7 v y b y *f n. The Imperial 
succession. 

AMATSUKITSUNE 7 v y % y ^ n The name of 
a star, also an elf. 
Syn. TEXOU. 

IAMATSUMIKO 7 ^ y * 3 n. The son of heaven, 
Tenshi. 

IAMATSD-TSUMI J -<r y * * n. A sin committed 
in heaven, or by a ^od. 

AMATSUYEDA 7 * y at if n. A scion of the Im- 
perial family. 

AMAURI y v $ 9 n. Musk-melon. 
Syn. MAKUWACRI. 

AMATADORI f -r -V 9 T^i^ n - Temporary 
shelter from the rain. 

AMAYAKASHI,-BC 7 -r -V -fj ^ t.v. To humor, 
pet, indulge, as a child ; to dandle or amuse 
a child : kodomo wo . 

AMATO 7 T 3 jffi fl! " A rainy night. 

AMAYOKK 7-rayr^Pttn. A rain scroon. 

AMAZAKK 7 -r rf jr flf u. Sweet ta kf, a kind ol 
drink made of t--i m.-ntfJ rice. 

AMAZARASHI r -r *P *) I* n. to the ruin. 

AMAZAWARI 7 * y / * 9 n. Ilm.l. i, ,1 by the rain. 

AMA^UTSUMI 7* */ ? I n. Wrapped up so as 
to be protected from rain. 

AMBAI 7 v/*4 H ^ n - The seasoning or 
tante of food ; the state, condition, way, 



AMB 



14 



AN 



mode, manner : too miru, to taste or ex- 
amine into the condition of anything; w<it<i,- 
knshi iva ambai ga warui, I do not feel well; 
kyo iva o wa {kayo, de gozarimasu, how do 
you feel to-day ? kono shitaji no wa yoi, this 
soup in nicely seasoned ; kono fude wa ii 
ni kakeru, this pen writes well ; byonin no 
iro tazuneru. to inquire how a sick person is. 

Syn. KAGEN. OWAI, YODAI. 

AMBU 7 v 7* $ $8 (nade-yasunzu) snrti. to 
quiet, tranquilize, pacify ; to make contented 
and happy : tami hyakusho too suru. 

AME f # f n. A kind of jelly made of wheat 
fl our : _ wo kawaseru, (prov.) to feed one with 
honey, to cajole or flatter. 

AME 7 .* ^ n. The sky, heavens : ame tsuchi, 
heaven and earth ; ga shita, under the 
heavens, the world. 

AMR 7 * j^j n. Rain : ga furu, it rains ; 
ga hareta, the rain has cleared off ; ga 
yanda, the rain has stopped ; ga kakaru, 
to get wet with rain ; gafuriso da, it looks 
like rain ; futteji katamaru (prov.). 

AME 7 * i.q. at, trout : no uwo, id. 

AMK,-BU 7 * fl* i.v. To he hald : atama ga . 

AMEFURI 7 * 7 9 pft f^ (it-ten.) E. Rainy 
weather. 

AME-IRO 7 * 4 w n. A bright chestnut color. 

AMEMIMA 7 * \ * B. The grandson of the 
sun-goddess. 

AMEN 7 * v (Heb.) Explained by shikari; 
makoto nari: truly; sincerely. 

AMENDO 7 -* ^ 1* $ t H #fc n. A kind of peach. 

AMENO-ASHI 7 * } 7 & u. i.q. awi^no tto. 

AMENO-ITO T ;* y >f h n. Rain, seen as threads. 

fAMENO-osHiTE T * ) J SsT n. The Imperial 
seal. 

fAMERU T * * cont. of arumeru. 

AME-USHI 7 ^ # j^ $ if- A chetsnut colored 
ox. 

AMI 7 5 f$J n. A net ; net-work of any kind ; 
a seine : no me, the meshes of a net ; wo 
suku to make a net ; UH utsu t< cast a 
net ; wo Jiiku, to draw a net ; wo Juiru 
to spread a net ; ni kakaru to be taken in 
a net ; ten no tea nogare-gatashi (prov.). 

AMI.-MU T ^ $1 t v. To net or make net- 
work ; to weave or bind together with strings ; 
to compose : sudari wo , to make a bamboo 
shade ; shomotsu wo , to compose a book. 

AMI 7 \ n. A. small kind of shrimp. 

AMIBA 7 \ ^ $$%& n - A. place for drying nets. 

AMIDA 7 \ if P*J 9ff 1$ n. The name of 
Buddha; a Sanscrit word explained by the 
phrase: jumyo ni ka^iri nnshi, eternal in 
life. Amida Butsu, Eternal Buddha. 

AMIDASHI,-SU T 5 #**' t.v. To invent. 

AMIDO 7 \ $ jm ^ n. A door made of open 
net-work. 

AMIGASA 7 \ if? ^^ u. A hat made of 
braid-work. 

AMIHIKI 7 ? b ^ ^^| n. A fisherman draw- 
ing a net or seine. 

AMI-ISHI 7 5 4 Ss n. The stones used to sink 
a seine or net. 



AMIJIBAN 7 5 s?/*^ ^T^^f n - A shirt made of 
net-work, worn in lut weather to protect the 
garments from sweat. 

AMI-O 7 5 ^ n. Braided cord. 

AMISO 7 5 y ^ pj 5 n. The cord of which nets 
are made. 

AMI-UCHI 7 ^ # f* n. A fisherman. 

AMMA 7 ^ v ^ ^ n. Shampooing; a sham- 
pooer : wo torn, to shampoo; -7- too nu>inti, 
id. wi momaseru, to be rubbed by a sham- 
pooer. 

AMMAI 7 > ? >f ^ g^ n. Idiotic ; stupid ; im- 
becile. 
Syn. ANJAKU. 

AMMARI 7 j^^r 9 (coll.) Same as amari. 

AMMA-TORI 7^-r>9 |$ ^ ^ n A sham- 
pooer. 
Syn. DOIN. 

AMMIN 7 > ^ v $ ^ (yasuku nemvru) Quiet 
sleep : wo samatageru, to disturb one'a 
sleep. 

AMMOCHI 7v*f- ISfTrf - A kind of cake 
stuffed with beans and sugar. 

AMMON 7v*v^^:n. A copy, draft, com- 
position. 

Syn. SHITAGAKI, BOKO. 

J-AMO 7 * = My dear ; used in familiar address 
to a woman. 

iAMORiMA9Hi,-su 7 -=E 9 T ^ i.v. To descend 
from heaven. 

tAMOTO 7 -t ^ cont of ashimoto, at the feet. 

AMPAI 7 vX >f ^j?^ *w", to manage. 

AMPERA 7 v^\ J u. A kind of Chinese mat- 
ting. 

AMPI 7Vh* J ^? (yasnkn inaya) n. Whether 
well or not ; welfare ; health : wo to, to 
inquire after the health ; too shiraseru, to 
inform as to one's health. 

AMPUKU 7 v / 9 ^^5 (/tara wo momn) 
Shampooing or rubbing the abdomen : sum. 

4AMD 7 A it n. i.q. </&. 

HMUBB.-RD 7 * * ^ i.q abiseru. 

AN Y v J$ n. A small house inhabited by a 
retired Budd. priest. 

AN 7 v g n. A mixture of beans and sugar 
used for Making in eakes. 

AN 7 zs %j n Opinion ; thought ; expecta- 
tion ; ai*o the table, bar or bench before a 
judge ; a case or action in law : kd an sitko- 
buru oshi, the law cases are very many ; ki-t*n 
an ni oyobu, to decide a case; no gotoku, 
just as was thought or expected ; ni taga- 
wazu, not different from what was supposed ; 
no hoka contrary to one's expectation ; 
ni soi suru, to be different from what was 
supposed. 

Syn. OMOI, KANOAK. 

AN 7 v J (yaitui) Freedom from trouble, 
sickness or calamity ; ease, happiness, tran- 
quility. 

Syn. ODAYAKA. OCHITSUKU. 

AN 7 V ffr (yami, knrashi) Dark; incapable; 

not intelligent. 
AN 7 v sum, to examine (as a judge); to 

take hold of (as a sword); to halt (as troops in 



ANA 



15 



ANG 



marching); to press on anything : rit?n wo 
anxhit? tsumi wo sadameru, to judge according 
to law. 

ANA T }* P^I UIJ Exclam. of joy, sorrow, sur- 
prise, disgust ; how ! oh ! ureshi ya, how 
delightful ! osoroslii ya, how fearful ! ya 
to bukari sakebn, could only exclaim, oh ! 

ANA 7 * R* n. A hole, cave, pit, mine : 
wo horu, to dig a hole ; wo akeru, to make 
a hole ; fnshi-ana, a knot-hole. 

fAxABiRA T ** If 7 n - The instep of the foot ; 
i.q. usiti no k<~. 

AXADORI 7 -J- h* 9 /$ n. Contempt ; disdain ; 
scorn. 

Syn. KEIBETSU. 

ANADORI.-RU f + a* ft t.v. To despise, 
contemn, scorn, look down upon, disdain : 
s/> teki wo anadoru koto na kare, don't despise 
a weak enemy; hito wo anadoru mono wa Into 
ni anadorareru, he that despises others shall 
be despised. 

Syn. KARONZTJRU, MISAQERU, IYASHIMERU. 

ANAGACHI-NI 7+-tf$-^ $g adv. By compul- 
sion; right or wrong; unreasonably; neces- 
sarily; recklessly : tatakai wo konomazu, not 
fond of war merely for the sake of fighting ; 
Into no kokoro wo ntagawazu, must not be 
unreasonably suspicious of others. 
Syn. SHIITE, MURI NI. 

lAxAGAMAYA f^ + 'tf'*** excl - in rebuking any- 
thing annoying. 

AX-AGO 7 -J- n* v|f n. A species of eel. 

AXAGFRA 7 -9- ? 7 ^ n. A cellar or store- 
house underground. 

tAxAOuui.-RD f + ? A* ^ i.v. To inquire, 
search, seek, ask about. 

. SEX8AKU, TAN8AKD, MOTOMERU. 

fAxAHATORi T-**-^>9 i.q_. ayahadori. 
AXAHORX 7+ -ft 9 n. One who digs holes or 
pits in the ground ; a grave-digger. 

! T "*" 4 ?. ft n< i-Q- anna *' 
AXAICHI 7 + 4 + n. The game of pitch- 
penny. 
AN UNA 7-h>f * (cont. of anoydna) i.q. anna, 

like that ; tliat kind. 
AXAJI T * 2? ijk ffi n- Fistula in ano. 
ANAJI 7-J-$2 n. North-west wind. 

KAMA T -h * -r (cont. arm, excl. and haji 
kntmirhii) how noisy; >'< n-ikamashii. 
AXAKASHIKO r + U s^ 3 ^C. ^f Exclam. of fear, 
det : <T ixlniii ni Km ; us-.l mostly at 

of n letter or a Budd. sermon. 
ANAKI-MA 7 + ^ -r n. A cave bear; a badger. 
ANAUE 7 + * exclam. Hard to bear. 

-,AI j + v 4 n. A scaffold, = ashijiro. 

1 )-~ 9 adv. i.q. nynnikn. 
iAxAMVASHi r ^ -V *^ exclam. O how lovely! 

how l>eautifnl ! 

4 A NANITEA r + - i. -Y a. Bonutif til ; handsome. 
;<> T -* 4" h " i-q. <i*ln "" "'". 
BA T^i"'* (cont. of art and nareba) 

Ing. 

T > * f$ ^/ (:"nt. of tinn and /rata) 
Th;it 
, other side of the bridge ; kawa no ni. 



on that or the other side of the river ; 
konata, here and there; both sides; doko 
ye, where ure you going? 

S\n. ACHI, ACHIRA, OMAE, SONATA, SOCHI, 

Kim. 

ANATA-GATA f + Z if H plural of anata. You, 
(respectful). 
Syn. OMAE-TACHI. 

ANAU 7 -Y *) (cout. ana, excl. and uki sad) 
ah ; how sad ! 

M.NAURA 7 -h ^ 9 n. Sole of the foot, i.q. aslii 
no nra. 

ANAZUE 7^*?^ n. The end of the foot or 
toes. 

ANAZURU T-*-?/^ To despise, contemn; i.q. 
anadoru. 

ANCHI 7 vf- $ ^ *uru, to install or place 
an idol in a temple. 

ANCHOKU T>^3^ $-^n. Cheap. 
Syn. YASUI. 

ANCHU 7^1-lj iffi ^ n. In the dark. 

fANDA 7 z/ if -^ ^ n. A basket sedan 
chair. 

ANDARA 7 2s ft"? n. (coll.) Nonsense ; foolish- 
ness : nani wo tsukmu zo ye, what non- 
sense are you saying ? 

Axno 7 ^ \* ty ft ^ n. Anciently an attendant 
of a Buddhist pnest ; (he wore two swords and 
did not shave his head). 

ANDO T > K" ^ ilf Ease ; happiness ; tran- 
quility ; freedom from care or trouble : chichi 
lialia no kokoro wo sasern wo <iui iclii to sit, 
it should be our principal care to make our 
parents happy. 
Syn. OCHITSUKI. 

AXDON T 5^ h* v ^f '@ n. A lamp. 

ANE 73- $> n. Ol*er sister. 

ANE-BUX 73--?'z/ i^^ n - One who nets the 
part of an older sister ; an adopted sister. 

ANEGO 7 ? rj* n. Elder sister ; used in re- 
spectfully addressing a woman or girl. 

ANE-MUKO 7 3- A 3 fcjt *$ n. Older sister's 
husband ; brolhor-iu-law. 

ANE-MDSUME T^A^^ -^-^-n. The eldest 
daughter. 

ANGA 7^ if % n. The death of the Mi- 
kado. 

Syn. HO-GYO. 

ANGO 7 **- 3*^ ^ ffi n. A signal ; a sign. 

ANOO 7^ify flu '$- (thirnzu ni an] \mt, 
nnintrntionjilly, 01 witliout the lu 
each other to agree in doing or saying tho 
same thing; coincidence or accidental a 
ment. 

ANGORI T v a* 9 adv. (coll.) Having the mouth 
open ; in a gaping manner : kuchi to shite 
>/, to 

M 5^ ^ (IIHIIII FIU hnkd) Con- 
trary to i mi. xjicotcilly : haya- 

. (l..ne Hooncr tlian I expected. 
Syn. HOKA. 

ANOYA Tv^-Y ^f B^ To travel about from 
one place to aiu>thr for religious purposes: 
g,~>, a pulmer, pilgrim ; sum. 
Syn. UMBUI. 



ANI 



16 



ANS 



ANI 7 & Exclarn. always at the beginning 
of a sentence ending in the particle ya : ai 
hakaran ya, how unexpected ! to one's suis 
prise; unexpectedly: osorezaran 7/a, how 
fearful ! shall not one be afraid of. 
Syn. IKADEKA. 

ANI 7 ^ fa n. Elder brother. 

Syn. HARAKARA. 

ANIBUN 7 7*v 1&JL n - One who acts the 
part of an older brother ; a friend or sworn 
brother. 

ANIDESHI T-T^ JL%> ^ n - older P u P ils - 

ANIOO 7 ^ 3* n. Brother, used in familiar ad- 
dress to a man or boy. 

ANIKI 7 n % fc n. An older brother. 

ANI-OTO 7 t* n. Brother. 

AN-ITSO 7v>f y 3 f^ (yattuM) n. Living 
in ease ; without work ; living in idleness. 

ANIYOME 7^3^ $jg n. Older brother's wife, 
or sister-in-law. 

ANJA 7is&tft;$n. A P riest wbo manages 
the secular business of a temple or monastery. 

ANJAKU 7 v & V 9 l&ffi (knraku yowashi) 
Imbecile, idiotic: ntte hatoku ni tattizu, 
being imbecile cannot inherit the estate. 
Syn. AMMAI. 

ANJI.-JIRU or ZURU 7 ^ & ** 3 i- v - To think 
anxiously about ; to be anxious, concerned; to 
consider: anjiru yori umu ga yasui, (prov.) 
child-birth is less painful than was expected ; 
oya ga ko wo aiijiru, parents are anxious 
about their children. 

Syn. KURO SURU, SHIMPAI SUBU. 

ANJI V v s? ^ n. Anxietv ; cure; concern. 

ANJI-DASHI,-SU 7 ^ & #**. ^ & t.v. To call 
to mind; to suddenly recollect; to plan, in- 
vent ; to contrive ; to excogitate. 
Syn. OMOI-DASU, KANGAEDASU. 

ANJI KURASI.-SU 7^i?^7^ & t- v To 
live in constant anxiety ; to puss the time 
anxiously. 

ANJI-MEGURASHI,-SU 7 v j? ; / 7 * ^ 3 *" v - 
To ponder anxiously about ; to think over care- 
fully. 

ANJITSU 7 v E? ? fig g n. A small Budd. 
temple, or dwelling >f a priest. 

ANJI WABI.-RU 7 i' i? *7 h* ^ iff f t.v. To be 
anxious and distressed about ; to be in anxious 
suspense. 

ANJI-WAZURAI,-AU 7 ^ & y *? 9 y H$f t.v. 
To be painfully anxious or concerned about : 
ikaga sen to auji-wazurau. 

AN-JU 7^ *?-'-& 3-$L (yasuku snmau) Living in 
safety, ease, or tree from trouble or calamity: 
sitru. 

ANKA. f zsji jfc^ n. A small box in which 
coals are kept for warming the hands. 

ANKAN 7^37^ : $) Free from business; 
without working ; idly : to shite hi 100 ku- 
raxu, to live as a man of leisure. 
Syn. NOBOKA NT. 

ANKAN 7 > * * %% ffl n. In the dark. 

ANKEI 7 > f >f qf;- || n. A secret plan ; in- 
trigue. 

ANKEN 7 > ^ > S 14- n - A civil suit ; a law-suit. 



AN-KI 7 j' =1- J- /^ (yasuki ayauki) n. Safety 
or danger; existence or ruin; welfare: kuni 
no kono liito iknsa ni kaknrti, the safety of 
the country depends on this battle ; knni no 
ni kakfiru koto, a matter that concerns the 
welfare of the state. 

ANKI 7 */ ^ : jjh n. Peace or tranquility 
of mind ; Imppiness ; comfort. 

ANKI 7 *, %. jfe %& sum, to memorize, repeat 
from memory. 

AxKf> 7i^^^ 3J%; n. Free from trouble or 
calamity. 
Syn. BUJI. 

ANKO 7 */jj $ n. A fish of the Kay species. 

ANKOKU 7 z/ a 9 Jff 1 naru, dark. 

ANKDN 7 ^ ^ v ^ ^ n. An incapable or 
foolish prince. 

ANKWAI 7 v ^ !7 /f Iffi q$ n. Dark. 

ANKYO 7 v ^ 3 3 Eg (yasnku oru) Living 
in euse and comfort ; free from trouble. 

ANKYO or ANQC 7 v ^ # ft *% n. The castle 
or place where the Tenshi sojourns when away 
from the capital. 

ANNA 7 v-h (contr. of ano &nd.yona) adj. That 
kind, manner or way ; such. 

ANNAI 7 v * >f ^ {^J n. Knocking at a door 
or calling out tanomu for admittance; guiding 
or showing the way ; the ways, the roads or 
natural features of a country ; knowledge, 
acquaintance : wo t'w, or, wo kd, to call 
out for admittance ; ga aru, there is some 
one at the door ; wo shir it, to know the road 
or way ; ico snru, to guide or show the way; 
kuni no , the roads and natural formation 
of a country; sono koto ica go de gozari- 
mashu, it is a matter which I think you are 
acquainted with; go itnthinuisho, I will 
show you the way. 

ANNAI-JA 7^^>fi?-V ^ft^tfn. A. guide ; 
one acquainted with tin- roads or natural 
features of a country or place. 

ANNAI-JO 7v+>fi?-V $?)$; n. A letter 
of invitation. 

ANNEI 7 v ^. >f ^ (yasuku yasngJii) n. 
Tranquility ; ease ; freedom from sickness, 
trouble or calamity. 

ANO 7 ) fa That : hito, that man, he ; t r,ri , 
that way. 
Syn. KANO. 

ANON or ANXON 7 v j z/ $ t^ (ynxuku oda- 
yaka) Peace; ease; eomfuri; freedom from 
want, danger or disturbance ; safety. 
Syn. BUJI, AX-XEI. 

ANO-NEI f ) 3* 4 Exclam. used in vulg. coll. 
in addressing any one, or to call attention. 

ANRAKA 7 v 7 -ft n. A species of apple. 

ANRAKU 7^79 3*- %$ n. Happiness ; ea"^. 

ANSAN 7 vf > $% & " ^lental arithmetic. 

AXSATSU 7 > $ y ^H Cc (hisokuni korv.ut) 
Secret murder or assHaiuatiou ; killing by 
surprise or at nij,'ht. 
Syn. YAMI-UCHI. 

AxsATsn 7 *s-q- y %u%& (thiraberu) 
to judge, examine, or try a criminal. 
Syn. QIMMI. 



ANS 



17 



ACS 



IANSATSUSHI 7 ff y is ^^it n - A censor, 
or one whose office it was to watch and report 
on the conduct of the people. 

AXSEI 7 ^ -b 4 $c I? n - ^ es * 5 without motion. 

ANSHIX 7 i, I/ f 4?'^ (yasuki-kokoro) n. A 

mind free from care, anxiety or trouble ; peace 

of mind : composure ; ease ; tranquility. 

Syn. AXDO. 

AXSHO r * ^ 3 V ffi f$ Reciting from 
memory ; to learn by heart. 
Syn. soRAxzrnr, cut DE YOMU. 

ANSHO Tvs^-V^^^n. A stupid or incap- 
able general. 

AXSOKU 7 ^ y ^ ^ Jk n. Best ; ceasing from 
labor : suru, to rest ; nichi, a day of rest ; 
sabbath-day. 

a. KYC-SOKU, TASUMI, IKO. 

AXTAI 7^*4 $ jfc n. Same as an-ko. 
ANYA T ^ "Y Fsl { (y'unii no yn] n. A dark night. 
ANZAI-SHO 7 > fM >" 3 ?f feffi n - Tne P lace 
where the Tcnshi lodges or btops to rest while 
on a journey. 

AXZAN 7 *"#* v $ jf (yasnku unm) n. An 
easy or natural labor : sum. 

N ~f ^ -{*'> *tr ^ (yasukn mattaslii) Com- 
pletely safe ; free from all evil or harm ; perfect 
peace and trnnquility. 
Axzu 7 > * fe -J- n. Apricot. 
Ao 7 y ^ adj. Green, or sky blue; used 

mostly in compounds. 
iAo or AOSHI 77 % n. An outside garment 

or rnin-coat. 

AO-BA 7 j s\ pf ? n - Green leaves. 
AO-BAI r 9 /* 4 i $ n. The blue-bottle fly. 
MOBAMOXO 7 ? X^G ) n. A common soldier. 
AOBAXA 7 =? /\-h fj- ^i n. The green mucus 
running fix-in the nose : tro tareru. *. 

fAoBiE T ^ I: ^ Vj" 77 n. A short bamboo 

sword. 
AOBL KCBE 7 J -? 9 \s n. Pale and swollen, 

as a person with dropsy. 

AOCHA 7 j f- -y f|- %. n. A yellowish-green 
color ; tea-gi . 

7 7 ^ n. A basket for carrying earth. 
:' T ? l* } ) n. The albatross. 
rsHioAKi T97&'**^n. A hedge made 
"f r: hs. 

AOOAXBU r 7 ii ^ fl> n. A green frog. 

: 7 ? 1i 4 f n. Mother-of-pearl 

rk : zaikushi, a maker of . 
ou 7 7 / fa t.v. To fnn ; to winnow : 
to Jan with a fan ; mugi wo , 

ith a fan. 

on T 7 / fvp t.v. To look upwards; to 

turn the face ujmanls; to assume the attitude 

of veneration and supplication : ten wo , to 

look upwards at the nky ; aogi-fusn , to lie 

with the face turned upward ; nogi-iifija\i, to 

: i-licfttc with dup \cnoration; aogi-mim, 

ok up at. 

AOOI-NEOAWAKDBA f 7 # ^ -ff 9 \ ^ JJJ adv. 

Mot humbly oi .My pray that. 

-RO T 7^^rT^ JKi. t.v. To fan, 
excite : In icu , to kindle a ; 
(am. 



AOGUMO T ? / * ^ ^ n. The blue cloud, 
viz. the sky. 

AOHIKI 7 7 b $ ff ? n. A small green frog. 

AOHITOGUSA 7 7 b h ?& ^A^t n - Mao- 
kind, so called from their great number, as 
thick as grass. 

Aoi 7 7 b ^ n. The holly-hock. 

AOI.-KI 7 ? 4 n" n. Light green or blue; 
pale green ; unripe ; immature ; inexperienced : 
aoi budu, green grapes ; koto wo in, to say 
something silly. 

AOJI 7 ^ f-' t ig n. A kind of small bird. 

lAoKi-MiYA 7 ? * S n. The heir-apparent. 
Syn. TOGF. 

AOKD 7 J 9 "ft adv. Green ; see aoi : narn, 
to become green suru, to make green ; 
mieru, to look green. 

lAoMA 7 7 -? j ,1^ n. A white or pale horse. 

AOMI 7 9 S ^ n. A tinge or shade of green, 
the green part of anything. 

AOMI.-MU 7 j A ff i.v. To become green ; to 
turn pale. 

AOMIDACHI.-TSU 7 y * jfy -jlf 5! i.v. To ap- 
pear, or turn green ; to turn pale. 

AOMUKI,-KU 7 7 A ^ fty jj i.v. To turn the 
face upwards : aomuite iioshi wo viirn, to look 
up at the stars ; aomuite neru, to lie on tho 
back. 

AOMUSHI 7 j j. ^ i%#$ n - A caterpillar. 

AONA 7 J + *?j- n. Greens. 

AOM 7^ pffl- n. A bright yellow color; 
also variegated. 

AONIBI 7 ? b* n. A light green color. 

iAoNiGiTE 7 ? ^7* W ^ -p ^ n - An offering 
made of hemp or green branches in ancient 
times placed on the altar of a miya, same as 
heisoku. 

lAoNiYOSHi 77 3 v'FlfJ'^ n. Makiira ko- 
toba, applied to the city of 

AONOKI,-KD 77^^ i.v. 

aonoki ni kokeru, to fall on the back. 

AONORI 7 J ) 9 n. A species of sea- weed. 

lAo-ONNA 7^vvh^f-&-n. A female ser- 
vant of the Tenshi, so called from weaving 
green garments. 

AORI 7^9 n. The gunwale of a boat. 

AORI 779 }!$$. The flaps of a saddle ; 
the fan used for winnowing grain. 

AORI 7 7 9 n. The blast of wind made by 
the Happing or slamming of anything: 
wo ku, to be struck by a sudden blast, as of a 
falling house. 

AORI.-RU 7 7 /u i.v. To flap, as anything 
broad or loose, in the wind ; to slam ; to swiii^' 
in the wind, as a door or shutter, (t.v.) To 
flap, or boat with a fluj) ; to fan ; to stir up : to 
ga aoru, tho door slnnis ; t/wm wo , to brat 
a horse by striking the stirrups against tho 
saddle flaj)^ ; hi ni nnrnrctf ynne 1mm vchini, 
struck by tin- lliunc In- frll from the roof. 
7 7 9 h* n. A tra] 

AOSA 79-9- ft n. Tho state or degree of 

AOSA T 9 ? N>ff * A species of seaweed 
used fur luanuic. 



ACS 



1ft 



ABA 



AOSAOI 7 ^ U* " n - Tlie common heron 

(Ardea cineren). 

AOSHI r 7 ^ ff ad J- Green ; see no/. 
AOSHIBOI,-KI-KU-SHI 7 9 f ft t* | adj. 

Pale ; sickly ; wnn ; livid. 

AOSOKA 7 ? y 7 f-f S n - The blue skv - 

AOSUJI T ? * f pf ifr n - Blue veins, especially 
of the temples. 

AOTA 7 ? & ft ^ n. Green paddy-fields ; a 
dead-head ; one who enters theatres and 
shows without paying. 
Syn. DEMBO. 

AOTADE 7 T" # r n ' Polygonum persicaria. 

fAoTo T 3- 1' (cont. of r/s/ti and oto) n. The 
sound of the feet in walking. 

AOTO 7 ? b ft ^ n - A kind of 8 reen stone, 
used for whetstones. 

AOUMA 7 ^ i> -r ft .!; " A black horse. 

AOUNABARA 7 ?*?+'< 7 \fiff; n. The deep 
hlue sen. 

AOYAGI 7 ? -y of ft #p n. The green willow. 
Syn. VAN A 01. 

AOYAKA 7 ^ -v # run, adj. Blue or green. 

AOYAMA 7 j -f -r ft xL " Green mountains. 

AOZAME.-RU ??*?**> ftf$Si- v - To become 
livid or palid : iro aozuinete micru, he became 
of a livid color. 

AOZAJIURAI 7 ? I?A 7 b ft f.'r A green or 
inexperienced soldier ; also formerly a servant 
of the Tenshi, of low rank. 

AOZ*SHI y =?-;* i' n. A kind of cnke made of 
wheat flour ; the string on which cash are 
strung ; also the cash. 

AOZE 7 ^ -fe* n. North-wpst wind. 

AO-ZUKE 7 ? V tr ft" ;< n< Green plums 
pickled in salt. 

J-Aozum 7 j >; n. Dyed green 

APPARE T ^ >>\ v ^ $$j (coll. for aicnr^) exclam. 
of surprise and admiration : saetaru o te no 
iichi, whjit a splendid blow ! 

ABA T 7 vi* n. The guts of fish or fowl : 
wo inn in t/tire, give the guts to the dog. 

AKA 7 7 $( (/') New : ha furu ka, is it 
new or old ? wa takai, the new is dear. 

ARA 7 7 P^ P^- Exclam. of joy, fear, sur- 
prise, same as ana : osoroshii ya, how dread- 
ful ! atsu ya, how hot ! samu ya, how 
cold ! ttito i/a, how noble. 

ARA 77 ^ adj. Conrse ; rough; crude; nn- 
wrought ; unpolished ; new ; unused : hito no 
ara wo ill, to speak of one's faults. 

ARA-ARA 7 ~ ? 7 y $a $a adv. Coarsely ; 
roughly ; briefly ; summarily ; not minutely, 
particularly or neatly ; not with care or atten- 
tion. 

Syn. ZATTO, SOMATSU-NI. 

AEA-ARASHiKr,-Ku 7777s"f f or gg adj. 
Coarse ; rough ; rude ; harsh ; violent ; boi- 
sterous ; fierce ; vehement ; ferocious ; tem- 
pestuous. 

Syn. TAKESHII, HAGESHII, PUTOSHI. 

ABABA 77'^ sub. mood of ari. If I have; if 

there is. 
ARABI,-BU 777* i.v. To be rough, coarse, 

violent. 



ARADACHI.-TSU 77=J?*^ %tL .v. To become 

enraged, exasperated, irritated; to be stormy, 
boisterous, rough : jin-ki go, , the people 
are exasperated. 

Syn. IKARU, HABA GA TATSU, IRADATSU. 

ARADATE,-RU 77^*7'^ ?TL & *>? To irritate; 
to exasperate, excite to auger. 

Syn. IKARASERU, HABA WO TATASEBU, IRADA- 
TASERU. 

ABADE 7 7 5r (the neg. part, of ari) By the 
not having; if there is not: wa kunaicanu, 
cannot do without ; anata ni hoka ni snrn 
hito wa nai, besides you there is no oue to do 
it. 

ARAOAI,-AU 7 j if y t.v. To contend with, 
oppose ; to irritate ; to provoke ; to tease : 
kodomo ni , to tease a child. 

Syil. IKABASERU, ABASOU. 

" n ' 



AHAKA"NE T 9 * * 
ARAGAWA f y if ^ 

dressed skin. 
ABAGOME 77 =>* * fr 
ARAGYO 7 7 tf-Y ^ j 

ities. 

4 ARAHAI.-AU 7 7 " 7 
77 b 



2 n - 
ff u. 



Crude metal S ore ' 
A rawhide; un- 

Uncleaned rice. 
lleligious auster- 



t.v. To wash, i.q. arau. 
li \ n. A god in human 

form manifest to the eye ; also Tenshi. 
ABAI 7 j 4 coll. cont. for araht. 
ARAI 7 7 b n. A kind of food made by wash- 

ing the flesh cut from a live fish in cold 

water. 
ARAI 7 7 h fc n. The washing ; bathing : 

hono kimono 'no ga warui, these clothes are 

badly washed. 
ABAI.-AU 777 i^ t.v. To wash ; to cleanse : 

te wo , to washthe hands ; chawnn u-o nrae, 

\\ash the cups ; kokoro wo , to cleanse the 

heart ; kimono wo , to wash clothes. 

Syn. susuGU, BENTAKU SUBU, KIYOMEBU. 
t ARAIGAWA 7 7 b if '^> n. Leather. 
ABAI-GDSUBI 7 y b / * 9 Jjjj 1 u. A medical 

wash, or for external use. 
ARMKO 7 7 b a $c'%ft n - A washing powder 

made of beans, used as soap. 
ARAI-OTOSHI.-SU T9b912l^! t.v. To 

wash out : shimi wo , to wash out a stain. 
ARA-ISO 7 7 J y n. The open sea-coast. 
ARAITADE,-R" 77b^T^ t.v. To cleanse 

the bottom of a ship by burning and washing. 
ABAIYONE 77 b 3 ^f '$.'$ (lemmai) n. Washed 

rice offered to idols. 
ARAJI 7 7 j neg. of arn, will not be ; I think 

it is not; i.q. coll. arumai, or nnkaro. 
4ARAKA 7 7 -ft n. A palace, or mansion. 
ARAKAJIME 7 7 * & * $< adv. Beforehand ; 

summarily ; in a general way : yui wo shite 

okit, to make preparation beforehand ; mi- 

tsmnorn, to make a rough estimate. 

S>n. MAEMOTTE, KANETE, KANE-GANE. 

ARAKVSEGI 7 7 -ft -fe ^ n. Rough or coarse work. 
ARAKATA 7 7 ^ ^ jk^ adv. For the most 

part ; in the main ; mostly ; generally : 

di'kita, mostly finished. 

Syn. TAIGAI, TAl-UYAKU, TAJ-TEI. 



ARA 



19 



ABA 



ARAKE,-RU f 5 * * i.v. To become boisteious, 
tempestuous ; to be dispersed ; to be scattered ; 
to be wide apart ; (t.v.) to clear away, as 
obstructions ; to remove out of the way. 

ARAKEXAKI.-KU-SHI 7 5 * + >f ffi $& ndj. 
Bough in temper ; savage ; cruel ; churlish : 
hito. Syn. TAKEKI, HAGESHII. 

{ARAKI 7 5 4 1 n. Alcohol (derived from 
Arrack). 

fARAXi T 7 4 s n. Burial of a dead body. 

ARAKI J 5 * n. Wood in its native or un- 
dressed state. 

ARAKI.-KU-SHX 7 5 * $ adj. Coarse in texture, 
size or quality ; rough, not smooth ; harsh ; 
rude ; wild ; savage ; boisterous ; tempestu- 
ous ; violent: ji no arai kinu, silk of coarse 
texture ; ki no arai hito, a man of violent 
temper ; nami ga , the sea is rough ; kaze 
ga , the wind is stroug ; tsubu ga , the 
grains are coarse ; hada ga , the skin or 
surface of anything is rough ; mizn ga arakute 
te ga areru, the water is hard and makes the 
hands rough ; araku sum, araku iiaru. 

Syn. FUTOI, TAKEKI, HAOESHII. 

ARAKIBARI 7 5 * ' * 9 f n. Breaking up new 

soil and preparing for cultivation : arechi wo 

okoshite sum. 
ARAKIDA 7 3 % if n. A kind of clay used for 

plastering. 
ARAKO 7 5 3 n. A wicker basket with coarse 

meshes. 
ARAKUMAsnn,-Ki-zu 77 9 * 5/4 adj. Coarse; 

rough ; violent. 
ARAKCHE.-RU 7 9 ^ v H. % i- v - To De rough, 

coarse and strong ; brawny ; burly : arakure 

ctoko, a coarse, strong fellow. 
ARAKCROSHIKI.-KD-SHI J 5 9 n $, % adj. Black 

and coarse, brawny and burly ; spoken of the 

body. 
tARAMAHOsHii,-Ki-KU 7 5 * * *" 4 adj. That 

which one desires might be ; desirable ; I 

would it might be so. 

IAKI 7 5 -r 3* n. Straw matting in which 

fish or fowls were wrapped. 
ARAMA i 7 5 * ^ n. A coarse wrapper as of 

straw ; a present 

ARAMASHI 7 5 -r Is adv. For the most part ; in 

main; mostly; generally; probable: 

'in ga dekita, the building is mainly 

.ed. Byn. TAI-TKI, ARA-KATA. 
USHI 7 9 * 5x (cont. of aramahoshi) To 

be desiring, or longing for. 

*u 7 9 * * t.v. To anticipate or 

be in expectation of. 
*AUAME 7 9 > (haragawari) Born of a different 

mother : irone, elder half-brother ; two, 

half <-, 

ABAMR 7 9 * f^ft n. A kind of edible sea- 
weed, Cttpea elongate. 

'* 7 9 > or aru de art, will 

be; think ltii;J think there are. 
AJUMI 7 9 | ft 73 n. An unfinished sword- 

n 79 \ it \ n. The visible god, 
DM Jf ifcuto. 



t ARAMIKAKE 75 S > ) n. The god who shuns 
IARAMISAKI 75 5 If 4 1 j human society, i.e. 

the fox. 
ARAMITAMA 75^^-r ^^ijjn. The un ap- 

peased spirit of a god. 
ARA-MOMI 7 7 ^E ^ ^ n. Bice in the rough 

state with the hulls on. 
ARAMONO 75*^ % ^ n. Coarse-wares ; a 

general term for such things as wood, char- 

coal, brooms, clogs, etc.: uramonoya, a shop 

where the above articles are sold. 
^ARAMOTO 7 5 ^E h n. Coarsely ground or 

broken rice. 
ARAN 73$*' fut. of ari, i.q. aro of the coll. 

will or shall be, or would be : kaku arnn to 

omoishi yue, because I thought it would be so ; 

inochi no aran kagiri tatakau, to fight as long 

as there is life. 
ARANAMI 7 5 ^ ffi ^ n. A rough sea ; 

boisterous waves. 
ARANEBA 7 7 ^ /^ (comp. of aranu and wa) 

neg. subj. of art : if there be not ; as there is 

not : = nakereba. 
HRANIQONOOAMI 79r:a* > ?^r5u. A god 

propitiated. 

tARANO 7 5 7 n. A wilderness, i.q. areno. 
ARANU 753?^^" neg. of art. koto wo iu, 

to say what is not so. 
ARANURI 7 5 5? 9 n. The first or rough coat 

of plaster or paint. 
ARANZURAN T y ^^7 ^ i.q. arazuya or arude 



7 5 J n. A brave man. 
IARARA 7 7 v adj. Wide apart , not close to- 

gether. 

ARARA 7 9 v (cont. of ara-ara) q.v. 
ARARAOE.-RU 75 v -/>u $^ ^ iVt Rough in 

voice, manner. 

ARARAOI 75 v ^ n. The orchid. 
fARARAGi 7 5 v ^ n. A Budd. tower. 
ARARAGI 75 v =^ u. The name of a tree, Taxus 

cuspidata. 
ARARAKA-NI 79 * * $ adv. Roughly; 

rudely ; harshly. 
ARARE 7 7 \s *% n. Snow falling in round 

pellets ; hail : wa yuki no imada hana wo 

nasazaru nari ; wo tsubu, hail-stone. 
ARARE,-RU 7 *) \s * i.v. To be coarse ; rough ; 

separated or wide apart. 
IARARERASHIRI 7 5 v/^ i^ 9 n. A festival cele- 

brated at the Mikado's palace on the 16th day 

of the 1st month (o.c.). 
ARARENU 7 5 f x neg. pot. of art. Cannot 

be : urnre mo ma, id. 
ARAB A 7 9 $ n. The coarseness; roughness; 

harshness ; violence. 
ARASARK.-RU 79-i^vn. pass, of ara$u. To be 

laid waste . 1 : desolntcd ; spoiled. 

ARASK.-RU 7 9 -u ^ ^ ^f cntut. of an. To 

cause to be or exist ; to create. 
ARASEITO 71*4 \> V n. The stock; Matthi- 

ola anntia. 
ARASERARK.-RU 7 9 -It 9 vx A- i.v. The same as 

ir/. Imt us. (1 only politely : go buji ni arcue- 

rare turo ya, are you well ? 



ARA 



20 



AftE 



ARASHI 7 9 $s $ a ^J- see ami '' 

ARASHI.-SU 7 7 * t.v. To spoil, devastate, 
ruin or injure by violence ; to lay waste, de- 
stroy ; to let go to ruin : inosJiisJii ga hatake 
wo , the wild hogs spoil the fields. 

S.yn. YABURASHIMU. 

ARASHI T 7 ^ ^t n - A tempest ; a storm. 
1 ARASHIKO 7 7 s^ a frg ;$, n. A farmer boy ; 

a laborer on a farm. 
ARASHIKO T 7 ^ => n. A jack-plane, used for 

the rough planing of a board. 
ARASHIME,-RU T 7 ^ * ** Q ^f caust. of art". 

To cause or order to be or exist : kami wa ara- 

yuru mono wo , God caused all things to 

exist ; yaku ni , to appoint to office. 
J-ARASHINE f 9 $s 3> n. New rice in the 

stalk. 
iARAsino 7 7 5" 9 n. A bold, courageous 

man. 

ARASHTO f 7 ^ 9 n. The open sea. 
ARASCI 7 7 v b '^p- n. A dispute ; contention ; 

debate ; wrangling : wo okosu, to raise a 

dispute. 

Syn. RON, KENKWA, I8AKAI, KORON. 

ARAROI.-OU 7 7 y 7 4p- t.v. To contend ; to 
strive or compete ; to dispute about ; to wran- 
gle, quarrel : shubu wo , to contend for 
victory ; ddri iro , to dispute about the truth. 
Syn. RONZURU. 

ARASOITAGARI,-RU 7 7 V b 9 if *. i.v. (comp. 
of arasoi, taku, and art) To be fond of dis- 
puting or argument ; contentious ; disputa- 
tious. 

J-ARASUMI 73*.* n. Stone coal. 

ARATA 75* $r na ad J- New: ie t anew 
house. 

Syn. ATARARHTI, SHIN. 

J-ATIATA 75 ft ^^ na, adj. Wonderful in 
hearing prayer, or fearful in power (used only 
in praying to Hotoke or Kami) : reigen 
narl. 

ARATA 7 7 n ifi n. New made fields. 

ARATA f 7 ft adj. i.q. arataka. 

ARATAE 7 7 # -> ^^ n. Coarse linen cloth. 

ARATAKA 7 7 # # Prompt in hearing prayer 
or in conferring reward or punishment. 

ARATAKA 7 7 jt % %ft ^ n. An untaught 
falcon. 

ARATAMA 7 y ft v 3^ n. A rough or un- 
polished gem. 

ARATAMARI,-RU 7 ? 9 v A 2JC i- v - To be 
amended, overhauled, corrected, reformed, 
altered ; changed to something better : nen go 
ga , the name of the year is changed ; okite 
ga , the statutes are amended. 

Syu. KAWARU, ARATA NI NARU. 

ARATAME 7 7 # jt efc n. Examination ; in- 
spection; reformation; amendment: KO 
ukeru. 

Syn. GIMMI, SHIRABE. 

ARATAME ,-RU 7 7 9 * a* SJC t.v. To renovate, 
rectify, amend, alter, change, make better; to 
improve, reform ; to examine, inspect, over- 
haul : kokoro wo , to alter one's mind, 
reform the heart ; okonai wo t io amend the 



conduct ; okite wo , to amend the laws ; rti- 
motsu wo , to inspect goods ; chomen wo , 
to examine an account book ; na wo , to 
change the name. 

SyU. KAERU, SHIRABERU, OIMMI-SURU, SEX- 
BAKU, TADASU, ARATA NI SURU. 

ARATAMETE 7 5 * * 7* 2JC ffi7 adv. Renewedly. 

Syn. BETSUDAN-NI. 

ARATAMU 7 ^ H A t.v. i.q. aratameru. 
ARATA-NI 77^ ^ adv. Anew ; newly ; in 

a new manner : suru, to do over again ; to 

renew, reform, renovate. 

Syn. ATARASHIKU. 

ARATE 7 y y %fr $- Fresh troops ; a fresh 
hand : wo ire-lcaem, to bring up fresh 
troops in place of those exhausted. 

ARATO 7 5 h {$ 7$ n. A coarse kind of whet- 
stone. 

ARA-UMI 7 ^ # 5 n. The open sea. 

ARAWA-XI 75^\ % adv. Openly; publicly: 
kukushite mo sliirete oru, you may try to 
conceal it, but it is publicly known; iwa- 
renu koto, a thing which should not be openly 
talked about. 

Syn. OTAKE NI, OMOTEMriCI, AKIRAKA NI. 

ARAWARK.-RU 75>xu>u ^j i.v. To be seen; 
to appear ; to be mauilest, visible ; to be 
known ; to be discovered, revealed : Unro <j>i 
kao ni , his trouble showed itself in his 
face ; muhon ga , the conspiracy became 
known ; kiri ga harete yama ga , the fog 
having cleared off, the mountain is visible. 

Syn. MIERU, HAKKAEU, ROKEN. 

ARAWASE.-RD 7^'^-te*' ^ ot caust. of araf. 
To make, order, or let wash : te wo , to make 
a person wash his hand-. 

ARAWASHI,-SU Ty^\^ ^f t- v - To make to 
appear, cause to be seen ; to display, disclose, 
manifest ; to show, make known, reveal, 
declare, publish ; to bare, expose : ikari wo kao 
ni , to show anger in the countenance ; 
ma koto wo , to declare the truth ; hon wo 
, to publish or bring out a book ; mune wo 
, to bare the breast ; atama wo , bare the 
head. 

Syn. MISERU, BHIMERU, CHOJUTSU SURU, 
CH7SAKD SDRU. 

ARAYURU f 7 a. /v- J^^f adj. That which is, 

existing ; all that are : mono, all things 

that are ; art to mono mina ningen wo ya- 

shinau mono da, all things conduce to the good 

of man. 

ARAZARU 7 7 tf A- 3 neg. adj. of art. 
ARAZOME 77 / ^ n. Roughly dyed, of a red 

color. 
ARAZU 7 7 ^f ^ neg. of aru, is not : ano hito 

wa tada-bito ni arazu, he is not a common 

man. 
ARAZUMBA Jy-Xs/** neg. subj. of an': if I 

have not ; if there is not; same as nakereba. 
ARA-ZTJMORI 7 7 :/ * 9 ?ft^ n. A rough 

estimate or calculation. 
ARE 7 is Exclam. in calling to another, or to 

draw attention ; also of surprise : are machi- 

na-yo, hollo 1 wait a little ! 



ARE 



21 



ARI 



ARE 7 v | pron. That: or tea naitt, what ifl 

that? are hodo, that much; are tea dare no 

whose house is that ? 

ARE 7 ix imp. of an. Be it, whether: oide 
are, come here ; lialcu , so be it ; Into ni mo 
are, Jcedamono ni mo are, mina kami no tun- 
kutta mono da, whether man or animals all 
were made by God. 
IARB 7 v pron. I ; i.q. ware. 
ABE,-RU 7 \s*~ f i.v. To be rongh, harsh, 
spoiled, ruined, laid waste ; to be savage, 
cious, raging, tempestuous, stormy : fa 
!;'>zui de areta, the rice-fields were spoiled 
by the inundation ; teoi shika go, , the 
wounded stag is savage ; umi ga , the sea 
-tormy; den-ji ga , the fields are waste ; 
areta te, rough hands. 

7 x $ n. A storm, tempest. 
AKEBA 7 v/\ sub. of an. If or because there 

if or because he has. 
AKECHI f uf- %J& n. Waste, desolate, un- 

cultivated land. 
AREDACHI,-TSU f v y ; ^ i.v. Same as 



AREDOMO f ix j? ^j sub. mo. of ari- Although 
there is. 

AREGASHI 7 '\s-jf Is (comp. of are, imp. of ari 

and kashi) Be I pray you ; I wish that : oya 

ni ku-ko aregashi, I pray you be obedient to 

your parents ; on yurushi , I pruy you to 

ion me. 

tAREMASHI,-8U 7 ^ "T * i.V. To be bOHl J 

to be brought forth ; produced. 
ARENO f v ) n. A wilderness, desert. 
AUKTA 7 ^ ft ? 127 n. Waste or uncultivated 

rice fields ; \\iul meadow land. 
{ARETSUGX.-GU f \, 7 / i.v. To come down in 

\ AREWATAREDOKI f \, ;\ % \, $ ^ n. The even- 
tatogare. 

7 )). A dove-tailed joint. 
ARI r 9 *& n. An ant. 
ABI or ARU r *- ~<\\ i.v. To be ; to have ; to 
possess; to exist : aru ka nai ka tcakarima- 
$fn, I don't know whether there is or not ; or, 
whether he has or not ; kono koto ica hon ni 
am, this is in a book ; $ekai ni aru mono, the 
:.ut are in the world; atta ka, Iwve 
found it ? or got it ? attain yni. no mutter 
if there are ; nrn h~> f/a ii, it is better to have 
i I had it ; kono .taknna wa 
dokn nn fim, tliis : ;sonous (lit 

in it); kiiicuslnkn knitr urn. . 

written ; tare arite inochi ico nuteru 
mono naihi, noblfly waa willing to throw away 

8yu. OOZARC. 
AWAI.-AD r 9 T 7 ^f ^ i.v. To happen to 

i : *ni> lin tii nri- 
\>c nt that ]'. 

a stick which happened to be near, I stm 

Byn. UOCHI-AW 

ARI-AKB 7 9 T A in. .ruin- in whi,-l 

the moon is eeu : no tmi "iujj 



moon ; no ano*o, a lamp which burns all 

night. 
ARI AMARI,-RU 7 i; f -r A, ?fi fc i.v. To have 

or to be more than enough. 
MRI-ARITE 7979 7* adv. Finally ; in the 

end. 
Ani-AiiiTO 7 9 7 9 ]- ^f ^f adv. Just as it 

was or is ; plainly ; distinctly : i/urei ga 

micta, the ghost was distinctly visible. 

Syn. AKIRAKA NI, HAKKIRI. 

ARI-AWASE.-RU 7 9 7^N-fe^ ^-^ t.v. Hap- 
pen to be present, or have on nand. 

ARIBITO 7 >; b* h *. U n. The whole number 
of persons at present belonging to or included 
in, etc.: SOHO jtika no ?ra iku nin, what is 
the population of tliat town ? 

ARIDAKE f *) jf jr ^f i. " All there is: 
motteynke, bring uli tliere is. 

ARIDO or ARI-DOKORO 7 >; i* a p ^ jC^ n. Tlio 
place where anything is : ga siiircnu, don't 
know where it is. 
Syn. ARIKA. 

ARIFURE,-RU 7 9 7 \* *- fe ^ i.v. To be com- 
mon, usual, ordinary: ari-fureta mono, a 
common thing. 

ARIFURI,-RU 797^ i.v. To live, exist. 

ARIOATAGARI,-RU 79**^**^ ^" ^{k i.v. To 
be grateful, or thankful ; fond of expressing 
thanks ; to regard with admiration. 

ARIGATAI.-KI, 7 9 H ? j ^f ^ (comp. art, and 
kutai) adj. Not to be ; nui to be able ; rare 
and excellent ; exciting feelings of admiration, 
praise and thankfulness ; grateful ; thankful ; 
gracious : ta.ya.suku scine-otosit koto aricjata- 
shi, to attack and take it (castle) will not be 
easy ; yo ni arigutaki on hito, a person whose 
like, for estimable qualities, is seldom seen 
in this world ; arigatai koto wo shiranu, devoid 
of gratitude. 

Syn. EATAJIKENAI. 

ABIOATAKU 79***;? 3f $fc adv. Thankful : 

onion, to feel grateful ; naru, to become 

grateful. 
ARIOATASA 7 9 # * If 3f $k n. The state or 

degree of gratitude ; also things to be thankful 

for ; favors ; blessings ; benefactions ; bliss : 

jmlo no <iri<itit<t.<d, tlic bliss of paradise. 
ARIOATASO 7 9 i! % / ty na, adj. Having the 

appearance of being grateful : MI, gratefully; 

in a grateful manner. 
ARIOATO 7 9 ** * # $H (cont. of arigatakn) 

adv. I thank you : zonjimas, or gozari- 

t(/.f>/, id. 

N 7;#y 5Z.^$ft n. All the money 

on hand . 

^ARIOINU 79^5? n. Woven silk RtufT. 
ARIHATSURU 7 9 ** ? * adj. Knding one's 

exist i 
ARIKA 7 ; ^ ^ & n. The place when- :my 

tiling 18 : ;iit thirematcn, don't know where 

it. lie, or i 
Syn. AM 

f ') " 9 ^ FR n. All there arc : 

. In IIIK ah : 

uio-iii 7 9 * * '^ i. 



ART 



22 



ARU 



Y 9 # ^ n A woven woolen carpet, 
i.q. orikamo. 

ARIKI,-KU 7 9 :? ^r ff i.v. To walk ; to go ; 
same as aruku. 
Syn. AYUMU, YUKU. 

ARIKIRI T 'M- 9 ^ ^ n. -A- 11 tllcre Is *> t1ie 
whole ; /coo abura wa de gozarimasu, this 
is all the oil there is. 

ARIKITARI 7 9 * * 9 & 2]* n - Customary ; 
usual; as it has been from of old: arikitari 
no tori, in the customary way ; arikitatta 
mono. 

fARiKosENU 7 9 3 -fe 5? i.q. areba yoi ga su wa 
nai. 

ABISIAI 7 9 vf Sg.^xjt n. The whole quan- 
tity of rice on hand at present. 

AEIMASU 7 9 T ^ (comp. of art and honorific 
tuasii) same as ant, to be, to have : arima- 
sliita, (pret.) have got, or have found ; arima- 
fcn, (neg.) have not, or is not ; ariwasitmai, 
I think there is not, or has not, or will not. 

iAui-NAN 79^^ !<! are kashi, it is better ; 
preferable. 

ARI-NASHI 7 9 *- Is tf\ $t n. Is or is not ; have 
or have not ; quickly disappearing ; transient : 

7/0 kumo; wo shirabeni, to search whether 
there is or not ; 710 7u, the 25th day of the 
6th month (o. c.). 

ARIXOKUDARI 7 9 ) 9 $f 9 n. What was said 

or done previously. 
AMNOM\MA f 9 ) * -r fc $ n. Just as it is ; 

truly; without concealment : ni shite okit, 

let them be just as they are ; ni lianasu, to 

state or tell truly. 

Syn. BONO-MAMA, AKAKA-8AMA, ARITE1. 

lAniNOMi 79^3 S&fK n - A pear. 
Syu. KASHI. 

ARINOTOWATARI 7 9 } > 7 ? 9 $" fit n, The 
perineum. 
Syn. KWAI-IN. 

ARISAMA 7 9 -fr -r ^ } n. The state, condi- 
tion, circumstance, case, appearance. 
Syn. YOSU, YODAI, MOYO, ARIYO. 

ARISASHI 7 9 $ $, n. Dove-tail (in car- 
pentry). 

i ARISHINIJIO-ARAZU 79 Jx ~ qe 7 7 :* adv. Un- 
like what it used to be. 

ARISHO 7 9 1^3 feffi n. The place in which 
anything is : kataki no ga shireta, enemy's 
whereabouts is known. 

ARISO 7 9 -9- -f; ^j" g Appears to be, or to have ; 
looks as if there is : ano hito wa kane ga 
da, he appears to have money, or to be rich : 

na mon da, I think it must be so ; byoki no 

na onna, a sickly looking woman ; mo 
nai, improbable. 

1 AIUSO -f \) y n . A rough sea; a rough beach : 

mi, id. ?zo nami. 

ARISUGATA 79^**^r n. State, condition. 

ARITAI,-KU 7 9 ? 4 ^^C adj. Wish to be, 
or wish it were : so aritai mono da, I wish it 
were so ; kotaru mono wa oya ni kuku aritxki 
mono, I wish that all children were obedient 
to their parents. 

ARITAKE 7 9 * :>* # n. Same as ar'uhikc. 



ARITEI 7 9 7- 4 fc ^ n. The truth or real 
facts of the case, the circumstances just as 
they are : ni iu, to tell the whole truth. 

Syn. ARI NO MAMA. 

ARITOARU 79 h 7 >\, adj. All ; all there are. 

Syn. ARAYURU, ARITAKE, SUBETE. 

ARITSI KE,-RU 7 9 y ? ^ fe ft t.v. To settle 
a person in a place of service or business ; to 
settle a daughter in marriage : yo-yaku nui*n- 
me wo aritsuketa, have at length married off 
my daughter. 

Syn. YOMERASERU, YENZUKERTJ, KATAZUKERU. 

ARITSUKI,-KU 7 9 y ^ fe ft i.v. To be settled 
in a place of service ; to tind a situation ; to be 
married (of a daughter) : hdku ni aritsuita, 
settle in a place as a servant. 

ARIYA-KORIYA 7 9 -V a 9 -Y adv. (coll.) In an 
inverse oider ; mixed and out of proper order : 
kono hon wa ni narabete am. 

ARIYO 7 9 "V ^ & ffi. n. The true state of the 
case ; all the circumstances ; the facts : wo 
I'M, to tell just how it was. 
Syn. ARISAMA. 

ARIZASHI 7 9-9-*^ n. Dove-tailed (in joinery), 
or tongue and groove : no hozo, the tongue ; 
no mizo, the putter or groove. 

ARI-ZDKA 79*2; $& * n - An ant-hill. 

ARO 77^ (cout. of ura/cu) adv. Coarse; rough; 
see ai-'ii. 

ARO 77^ coll. fut. or dub. of ari, same as 
aran, will be, I think it will, I think it is, or 
there is : amc ga furu de aro t I think it will 
rain ; so de aro, 1 think it is so ; 7co7io sake wa 
nai ga duxliita no de aro, I wonder how it ia 
this sake is all gone ; hito ga nonda de aro, I 
expect somebody drank it. 

ARU 7 A- ^f adj. ind. pr. of an'. To be ; to 
have ; a certain, some : aru hito, a certain 
man, or some person ; aru hi, on a certain 
day, some day ; aru toki, on a certain time ; 
ant tokoro ni, in a certain place; ant ni mo ara- 
renu omoi wo suru, felt as if I would cease 
to exist ; to be anxious ; moshi aru nara mise- 
nasare, if you have it let us POC it. 

ARUHEITS 7 ^ ^ 4 y ^f f- $ n. A kind of 
confectionary. 

ARUIWA 7 iu 4 >\ v pron. or adv. Or ; either ; 
some; other; if; perhaps; it may be; but in 
case that: aruiwa uma ni nori kago ni 
notte ynku, some rode on horses, others went 
in chairs ; yuntsarcn, it may be he will be 
forgiven. Syn. MATA-WA. 

ARUJI 7 a* s? 2. A (*hnjin) n. Lord; master; 
landlord ; owner ; entertainment (obs.) : clifigi 
wo to suru, to make fidelity the principal 
thing ; wo mukeru, to provide an entertain- 
ment (obs.). 

Syn. KUSHI, SHU, KIMI, DANNA. 

HRrjiMoKE 7^5?^^^- n. A feast, enter- 
tainment. 

ARUKATACHI 7 )\- -ft ft *$- n. i.q. arisama. 

Anr KI, 7 )\- ^ n. A messenger. 

ARUKI.-KU 7 ^ 9 -^ ^ f i- v - To walk : arnite 
kuru, to come on foot; kago de , to go by 
chair. Syn. AYUMU, HOKO. 



ARU 



23 



ASA 



ARUKI-BURI 7 * " 7* 9 n. Way or manner of 

\valking ; gait ; carriage. 
ARUKI-KATA 7 n. % % ft n. i.q. arukibiiri. 
IARUMERU 7 A* jx fc i.q. an* narau, or a rude 

nro, shall be. 
ARU-MOXO f A- ^=e ) n. A thing that is, or 

exists, or has being. 
AnrpA 7>i-y> (Gr.) n. Alpha, the first letter 

of the Greek alphabet ; = hajime, the begin- 

ning. 
ASA 7V $ft n. Hemp, Cannabis sativa : no 

naha no tjomofli, like mugwort amongst bemp, 

(a prov.) illustrating the influence of good com- 

pany. 
ASA 7V $fl n. Morning; before 10 o'clock 

A.M.: </./ Hat/dim, early in the morning ; ?i<> 

t/c/<i, during the morning ; no ma, id.; asa 

osokii, late in the morning ; goto ni, every 

morning : nwi , id. 
ASA f -9* - <3t Shallow (used mostly in com- 

pounds). 

KE 7-if 7 > n. A light red color. 

ASA-ASASHI.-KT-SHI 7 V 7 V ** 4 '& V' JJfc adj. 

Shallow; not deep ; superficial ; meuu ; paltry; 
low ; dishonorable ; = asahaku. 

ATO 7 V 7 ) n - Morning frost, (poet.) 
for anything evanescent. 

i,-nu i 7V/ i.v. To gradually become 

II.-MT- )" shallow. 

HIRAKI 7 -tj- t* 7 * n. The sailing of a 
ship in the morning. 

IRAKE 7 V tf 7 $ $| gfl n. Morning 
twilight ; day-break ; dawu. 

:. AKATSI-KI, YOAKE. 

ASADACHI 7 < fXf> fft iff n A shower of rain 

early in tin- morning. 

K 7 IT? -;-^- 11. A slight or superficial 
wound. 

+ASADE 7V T " A fino cloth made of hemp. 
ASAOAO 7 -f jr * % 4- ? " The morning 
glory or convolvulus. Jpomea. 

AO-HIMK T ^" "* ^ b ^ n. i.q. xJiokujo. 
ABAOARA 7 ? tf 7 02 Tn e refuse bark of 
Dp. 
"Ei 7V H fJ $fl fi? fla m7ii n. The 



morning lunch, or bieaktast ; spoken only of 

in 7 if if 9 n. Hunting game in the 
early moruin^. 

A Tlftf^^ n. Breakfast (of the 
>; in HIM i. nt times offerings of rice 
were made to the Icmni in an oak leaf. 
AHAOAHDMI 7VU** \ Ifltt n. The morning 

hze or (OR. 

ARAOE 7V Y n. Brcakfant. 
ASAOI T"9"i^^r " A light green or pale color. 

DU riT^ 1 ; n. Morning fog. 
USAOITA 7*}** The morning north wind; 

Ming). 

AJAOITOME 71f*> m^f n. Thn morning 
washing of the foe*-, nuuds and mouth 
weeping the c< 

ASAHAKA 7V"1} <l^adj. Ignorant; u 
shallow ; operflciai. 

mUTANAlU, OHOKA WA. 



ASAITAN T-^/W ^'t3t n. Breakfast. 
Syn. ASAMESIJI. 

ASAHI 7-^b n. The morning sun. 

fAsAHiKo T^ba n. i.q. asa-hi. 

ASAI 7-y-J coll. of a.srt/ii. 

1 ASA-I 7 -9- xf n. i.q. asane. Sleeping late in the 
morning. 

fAsAiDE 7 -9- ^ 7^ n. A shallow fall in a 
stream. 

ASA-KAGE 7 T * y n- The long shadow caused 
by the morning sun ; (met.) a long and atten- 
uated figure. 

ASAKARANU, Or AsAKARAZU 7 "f -ft 7 5? ^ ^ Not 

hallow ; deep : nahu, deep intimacy or 
friendship; asafcarazu katajikenai, deeply 
obliged. 

ASAKE 7 -9* fr ^ B^ (comp. of asa and a&e) n. 
Day break ; dawn. 

SASAKI 7 -9- * n. A gnarled or knotty stem of 
a tree. 

ASAKI,-KU-SHI 7 -if ^ -JH adj. Shallow ; not 
deep ; light in color ; ignorant ; superficial ; 
recent ; not long since : mizu ga , the water 
is shallow; asai fcajca, a shallow river; ido 
ga , the well is not deep ; tro, a light 
shade of color ; chie no hito, & person of 
shallow understanding ; chawan, a shallow 
cup. 

ASAKU -^ 7 -f ? adv. Shallow ; not deep ; 
lately ; recently ; see asai : nai, not shallow ; 
sura, to make shallow. 

ASAMADAKI 7 D- ^ jf -^ ^ ^ H^ n. Before day- 
break ; early morning. 

ASAMASHIKI,-KU-SHI 7 If <? i' % ^ jfj?: fldj. 

Shallow -brained ; silly; foolish; bast-; vile; 

paltry ; mean ; inglorious ; dishonorable : 

i/a, how silly ! 
ASAME,-RU, or ASAMI.-MU 7 -b * ** i.v. i.q. isa- 

meru, to reprove. 
ASAMESHI 7 -if ^ 2^ $fl gX n. The morning 

rice; breakfast; i.q. atm-hun. 
ARAMI 7V* A shallow place. 
ASA-MIDORI 7-9* ' * >; n. A light green, 
t ASANA-ASANA 7 V + 7 V + HH adv. Every 

morning. 
lAsANAOi 7-9-^^ n. The morning calm (of 

the sea). 
HSANAOI-YONAGI 7-y--J-^3.;7*#n. Morning 

and evening, 
t ASANAKE 7 V + F n - Morning. 

ASANASANA 7 V + V + i-'l- n.tdil,! -nsnTM. 

fAsANA-YPNA 7 -ft + SL 7 + 1fi\ p (<is<i1>an) n 
Morning and pvcMiing; In 

ASANE 7 V tfl ^}l Sleeping late in the morn- 
ing : ' r ; u?p wru. 

tAsAMKENi 7^ y n. Morning. 

ASANOMA f -9- f -r #S IH n- The morning. 

ASANUNO 7V %/ ^A ^ n. Grass-cloth ; linen; 
cloth made of l 

ARAO 7V t tt^ " Hemp. 

i r 1 / ^ v vi Ing early in the 

inoi : 

ASARAKA 7V? * ftdj. Shallow. 
ASARI 7V V *H n. The name of a bivalve, 
Lima cardiiorurift ? 



ASA 



24 



ASH 



7 f- 9 mini, (poet.) to sail aronnd. 
ASARI,-RU 7 D* ^ & $c t-v- To scratch and 

search for food, as a fowl ; also as a fisher- 

man for fish, or a beast for prey : ye ico , id. 
ASASA) 7f--g- n. A fresh-water plant, the 
ASAZA [ leaves of which float upon the water. 
ASASA f-f v 5J| n. The shallowness : June a 

no ni yori fune ga tdranu, boats cannot go 

up and down the river on account of its shallow- 

ness. 

ABASH: f-f I/ '& adj. Shallow; see <i*ai. 
ARASUZU 7 -f :*. */ n. Cool of the morning. 
fAsATODE T^rY^ n. Going out of the house 

in the morning. 

fAsATOGARi 7U* h 1j 9 i.q. asagari. 
ASATSUKI f-fv^r r - Chives. 
ASATTE 7 U* y T xn&Q (myogoniclii) adv. 

Day after to-morrow. 

A herd of deer. 



ASAYAKE 7U"Yr q**iif n. The glorious ap- 
pearance of the sky at sunrise. 

ASA-YU 7 -f =L y $fl p n. Morning and evening. 
Syn. CHO-SEKI. 

ASAZA 7 IMP n - The morning service of a 
Bud. priest. 

fAsAzuiojHi flf+J 9 b n. i.q. asaln. 

|AsE 7^2 -g-^ pron. My elder brother (re- 
spectful). 

ASE 7 -b vf n. Sweat ; perspiration : wo 
kaktt, to sweat; ga deru, id. 

ASEBI 7 -fe tf n. Amlromida japonica. 

ASEBO, or ASEMO 7 -tz ^f n. Prickly heat. 

ASE.TIMITA 7 -t g ^ ft adj. Sweaty: kimono. 
sweaty clothes. 

ASEMIZO 7-fe S v* A stream of sweat. 

AsE-Nuom 7-b^/bn. A small handkerchief 
for wiping off the sweat. 

ASERI,-RU 7 -fe A* i.v. To be in a hurry ; to bo 
in hot haste ; to be urgent ; eager ; vehe- 
ment ; to twist and turn, as in trying to 
escape ; to struggle : hi wo , to urge ; kaese- 
Jcaese to aseredomo mi mi ni kiki-irtzu t he cried 
urgently, " come back, come back," but he 
would not hear ; ikura asette mo ma-ni-awanu, 
hurry as much as I may, I am too late. 
Syn. ISOGU, SEKU. 

ASERI,-RU 7 -b 'i' i.v. To be shallow ; to fade, 
become lighter, lose freshness, or color : j 
hana no iro ga , the color of the flower fades. ! 

Syn. BOKERU, SEMERU. 

ASETORI 7 ^b 1> 9 Vf ^ n. An undershirt 
worn to protect the other garments from 
sweat. 

ASHI 7 jx ^ n . The leg, foot : no ynbi, the 
toes ; no tsnme, a toe-nail ; no kd, the 
instep or back of the foot ; no ura, sole of 
the foot ; no tsucJti fumazn, that part of 
the sole of the foot which does not touch the 
ground ; hi no , the rays of the sun shining 
through a cloud ; ame no , the appearance 
of rain falling in the distance ; fnnc no , that 
part of a ship that is beneath the surface of 
the water ; ga hazureru, to lose one's foot- 
ing ; ni makasete yuku, to go not knowing | 



where, or to go as fast as the legs can carry; 

710 itbnra, the sweat of the feet ; no ato, 

the print of the feet ; 710 orikayaiui, the 

popliteal space. 
ASHI 7 jx jSJt n. A rush or flag. 

Syn. YOSHI. 

Asm 7 tx n. Small cash; money. 
ASHI 7 s* jg- Evil : yns]ii-<i*hi, good and evil. 
ASHI-ABURI 72^77*9 ^f^ n. A foot-stove, 

or brazier for wanning the feet. 
ASHI-ATO 7 2^7 t> j_ 3$ n. Foot-prints. 
ASHIBA 7 ix / * ^ ^| u. A scaffold ; the footing; 

place for the leet to rest on : ga warui, the 

road or the traveling is bad. 
ASHIBAYA 7 is s\-V %_ ^- n. Swift-footed ; fleet. 
ASHIBIKI 7 SxtT % n. A lame person; a cripple. 
ASHIBUCHI 7 a^7*f- n. A horse with white 

legs. 

fAsHiBUMi f is ?* \ n. The manner of step- 
ping, or of using the feet. 
ASHIBYOSHI 7 sx- if -v # $s fcfa^ n. Beating 

time or drumming with the feet : wo font, 

to beat time with the feet. 
ASHIDA 7 2^ jf ^^ n. Wooden clogs : 770 

kr>, the horizontal piece ; 710 ha, the two 

upright pieces ; 720 hminn, the thong. 
ASHIDAMARI 7^^*-^ 9 /. oU n. A foothold; 

point d'appui ; a base for military operations 

a stand. 
HSHIDE 72^5r n. A kind of paper with reed 

figures in it, used for writing poetrj'. 
ASHIDOME 7 S' l* > J. jk . A stop in going 

or coming ; a halt : wo sum, to stop. 
ASHIDORI 7 is 9 5*-$- n. The gait or man- 
ner of walking ; keeping step : ga u-urui, 

his gait is bad. 
ASHIOAKABI 7>"tf #9 /.$. A foothold; 

a place to step or stand on. 
jAsniGANAE T^if-^^n. A three-legged pot. 
ASHIGANE 7 Sx-tf^- $ n. Fetters; shackles. 

Syn. HAPASHI. 
fAsHiGARu 7 i'tf'i- >5.$8 n. The lowest kind 

of foot soldiers. 

Syn. ZOHYO. BUSOTSU. 
ASHIGASE 7sx^ir-b $ n. Stocks for confining 

the feet of criminals ; fetters. 
fAsmoATA 7 i' -fi St n. A kind of shoe worn in 

ancient times. 
ASHIGATAME 7 x if ft * n. A wooden ram used 

for pounding the ground for the foundation 

of a house. 

ASHIGE 7 is ff n. An iron-grey color. 
ASHIGINU 7s^^5? n. Coarse silk. 
ASHIHEX 7 I, -* > %> n. The radical of foot 

in a Chinese character. 
ASHII 7 2x>f cont. of asJiiki. 
ASHIJIRO 7 lss?v &ft n. A scaffold. 

Syn. ASHIBA. 
ASHIKA 7^27 v^.^ u. The seal. 

Syn. OTTOSI ; i. 
ASHIKARE 7 ax -ft ix n. (imp.) Let him mrH, 

with evil, or be cursed: to neyau; to 

nozomti. 
ASHIKARI,-RU 7 Zs -ft fr (cout. of ashiku ari.) 

To be bad, evil. 



ASH 



25 



ASS 



. i.q. 

The print of the foot. 

^ adj. Bad; \vicked; 



f ASHI-KABI 7 s" * b* ^ 3f n. A reed-sprout or 

bud. 

fAsHiKAsm 7 i'Sr " 
ASDIKATA f ^# jr n. 
ASHIKI,-KU-SHI 7 s^ 

evil ; wrong. 

Syn. WARUI, AKU. 
MSHIKO 7^3 adv. i.q. rt.<tt/7;o. 
ASHIKU T l" 9 TJz adv. Bad ; evil ; see ashiki : 

ni, 1o speak evil of ; omou, think evil. 
ASHIKUBI 7 *" 9 tf /JL tf H. The ankle. 
ASUIMAIRI 7 >x -r 4 \) n. Touching the feet of 

a huge or saint in adoration. 
ASIIIMATOI 7 i' * ) b /JL $$ n. A clog, impedi- 

ment, hindrance in uouig. 
ASHIMOTO Ti'^h %. "F u - Near or at the 

feet : ru an/, it i.> near your feet ; ni ki 

wo tsukeru, look where you are going; ni 

tori ga tatsu (prov.). 
ASHIMOTSURE Ti'^^v^.^n. A clog, 

impediment, or hindrance iu going. 

Syn. ASHIMATOI. 
ASIJJNABE 7 " + *? n. A frying pan that has 

feet. 
AsmxAK 7 i, + ^ $ n. One crippled in the 

s, or feet ; a cripple ; a lame person. 
Asm-XAGA r^ + tf &fe n. Long-legged: 

jima, an island supposed to he inhabited by 

long-legged people. 
ASHIXAKA 7 $s *- # J^. ^ n - Sandals which 

cover only about half the sole of the foot ; 

slippers. 
AsnixAMi f z/+ $ n. The line, or order of 

the feet, as in troops marching : wo soroete 

aruku, to walk keoping step with each other. 
MPHIXOKE 7 S' ) * n. i.q- kukke. 
ASHJ-OTO 7 ^ ^ h J_ =f n. The sound made 

by the feet in walking ; sound of foot-steps. 
ASBIRAI 7 i ? b iSJ n. Treatment ; entertain- 

ment ; decoration ; that which sets off or im- 

proves the appearance of anything. 
ASHIRAI.-AU 7 I* y 7 4&%& t.v. or i.v. To 

treat, to behave, or act towards ; to amuse ; 

to entertain ; to set off, decorate : tanin wo 

kyddni no yu ni , to treat a stranger like a 

brother; kyaku wo , to entertain a guest; 

kodomo wo , to amuse a child; sakaiui ni 

aomono wo , to decorate a fish with green 

leaves ; matsu no ne ni sasa woasliirattf item, 

to plant a small bamboo near a pine tree in 

order to set it off. 

. MOTENASU, SOEBU. 

A T i'lr j^?; n. Th- l'ailnc-s ; v. ashiki. 
ASHIHAMANI T^lfv a.lv. In a bad 

or evil manner : - k evil of. 

ABBITA T i, ft Hfl q (mi/.-.nir//i) adv. To- 

morrow ; also ^ early in the morning. 

AKA-KDMO J *, y D 9 TJ n. A long-legged 
Ti^yy W t& n. A crane. 

^ n. A stepping stool for 
tJUmrsrxo 7 ^ 7 > n. i.q. aihikabi. 



fAsniTSuo 7 I, y J n. The cord attached to 

a harp. 
fAsHiTsuxsu T s^ y y n. The inner bark of a 

reed. 
{ASHIURA -f ^ ijr 7 n. Foretelling one's luck 

from what happens to the feet. 
ASHIWARA 7 *"> 7 :& $., n. A tract of ground 

covered with reeds : gani, a crab that lives 

amongst the reeds. 
lAsHiwARA-xAKAisuKUNi. An appellation of 

Japan. 
ASHIYOWA f $, 3 y fc |$ n. Weak in the legs ; 

slow of foot : znrc iniclri f>a halindoranu. 
ASHIZOKOE T *> V* n ^ fc ft] n. The feet in 

line : de aru/cu, to wtilk with the feet in 

line, or to keep time in walking. 
ASHIZURI -f i/ ;*f 9 /. fil n. Dancing or rub- 
bing the feet together, as in anger or emotion 

of any kind : wo shite naku, to dance and 

cry as a child. 

Syn. JIDANDA. 
tAsno r S'-Yifr 32 $8 n. The same as cUiina* 

gon. 

Aso f y i.q. nazo, a riddle ; also i.q. ason. 
Aso T ^ ^ (cont. of asaku) adv. Shallow ; not 

deep. 
ASOBAKASHI,-SU 7 y j* Jj ^ t.v. i.q. asoba- 

seru. 

ASOBASE,-RU 7 y ;?& A* Q- CaUSt. Of (IKObi. 

To amuse, divert ; to cause, or let be without 
work, or idle : ho-ko-nin wo asobasete oku, to 
let a servant spend his time in idleness. 

AsoBAsni,-su T y '* ~** a^ t.v. To amuse, 
divert : to let, or cause to be without work ; 
to do, make : i.q. nasaru or aru in this sense 
used only in speaking to honorable persons ; 
sJiujin shnen wo asobasu, the lord made a wine- 
banquet ; ku asobase, do it thus. 

ASOBI 7 y if n. Amusement ; play : diver- 
sion ; pleasure ; sport ; frolic ; play or room 
for motion ; a harlot : ni yuku, to go for 
pleasure ; no snki na hito, a person fond of 
pleasure, an idle person, or one fond of going 
to prostitute houses ; o?i;m, a prostitute ; 
kno ni r/rt ant, he looks silly. 

ASOBI,-BU T y 7* a3 i.v. To sport, frolic ; to 
divert, or amuse one's self ; to be without 
work ; to be idle ; to spend time idly : ynmn ni 
, to go for pleasure into the mountains ; 
asomls /1-nr/isn, to live in idleness, or plrasmv. 

ASODI-GATAKI 7 y b* if !* *? n. A playmate. 

ASOBIME 7 y }* jt 7)"j n. A harlot ; a prosti- 
tute. 

ASOBITAOARI.-RU 7 y u* .* A* * i.v. To be fond 
of playing, or idling. 

BO T \) >' -f ]' n. i.q. kagero. 

fAsoMi 7 y c n. i.q. nton. 

Asox 7 y ^ 1fl\ \Z n. Anciently the title of o 

>le. 

ITO 7?1M } fy ^c fi.lv. Simplr: plain; 
t : thita tabcmuno, 
icate taste. 

ASSEI 7 y -fc -f 1$. fy] n. Tyranny ; oppression : 



ASS 



26 



ATA 



ASSHI, ASSURU 7 y * ** lj t.v. To crush be- 
neath ; to fall on and crush ; to press down 
on ; to oppress : asserareru, to be crushed 
beneath anything. 

Asu 7 ^ || ft (yokiijitsn) adv. To-morrow ; 
the next day : no asa, to-morrow morning ; 
710 hiru, to-morrow noon ; no yo, to- 
morrow night. 
Syn. ASSATE. 

ASUKA-GAWA 7*2r**^ ^,^;11 n. A river in 
the province of Yamato known for its deep 
places and shallows constantly changing; 
much used in poetry as a figure for the 
changes and vicissitudes of life. 

ASUKO 7 ^ 3 adv. Yonder ; there 
Syn. ACHIEA, SOKO. 

ATA -f $t n. An enemy ; harm ; injury ; hurt ; 
revenge : kitsune no ko wo toreba oya ga 
wo nasn, if you take a fox's cub the mother 
will avenge it. Same as ada. 
Syn. KATAKI. 

f ATA f $t n. A span ; a hand-breadth. 

ATABI,-BO 7 jt \* fr i.v. To commit mischief ; 
to hurt, harm. 

ATAE 7 $t ^ ^ n. A gift : ten no , the gift 
of heaven. 

Syn. SAZUKE, HODOKOSHI. 

ATAE,-RU 7 9 ~* * $ t.v. To give, bestow : 
kojiki ni zeni wo , to give cash to a beggar ; 
hito ni haji wo , to make a person ashamed. 

Syn. YARU, SAZUKERU, HODOKOSU. 

ATAFUTA f ft 7 ft adv. Profusely ; liberally ; 
a great deal ; plenty : abundantly -. tsiikau. 
Syn. TAKUSAN. 

ATAHARA 7 9 ^ 7 n. A disease of the abdomen, 
colic or cramp. 

ATA i f jjr >f ^ n. Price ; value ; worth : 
wa ikura, what is the price? nashi, with- 
out price ; priceless (invaluable). 

Syn. NEPAN, NE, NE-UCHI. 

ATAKAMO T 9 2r * i.q. adalcamo. 

ATAXE.-BU 7 f jr A* i.v. To be violent, turbu- 
lent, ornoiay ; riotous ; shdjiwo tataiteatakeru, 
to rap at the window in a disorderly manner. 

ATAMA 7 ft * |Jj n. The head, the top, the 
highest part, the first : ga itai, the head 
pains ; yama no , the top of a mountain ; 
ki no , the top of the tree ; wo haru, to 
strike the head ; to squeeze a certain percent- 
age from the wages (as a coolie master) ; 
kazit, the number of persons ; no sara, 
the skull, cranium. 

Syn. KASHIRA, ITADAKI, KOBE, T8UMUBI. 

ATAMAGACHI 7 ft v tf f - jig -A. Large-headed; 
larger at the top than at the bottom : inonhi- 
shi wa na kedamono, the wild hog is a 
large-headed animal. 

ATAMAZENI 7 9 -r -fef~ V $j& n. The money 
paid per head to government ; poll tux, or 
money paid for entering a theatre. 
Syn. NIN-TO-ZEI. 

tATAMi,-Mtr 7 9 i t.v. To regard as an enemy. 

ATARA r * 7 *T ffi (oshimu beki) adj. Any- 
thing which one regrets to lose ; to be regret- 
ed, highly prized ; precious ; valued : koto 



wo shita, have done what I deeply regret; 
hana wo haze ga fulfil, the wind has blown 
away a highly-prized flower ; tama ni hizu 
da, there is a flaw in the jewel. 

ATARASHII J % =y ^/-f coll. cont. otatarashiki. 

IATABASBIKI 7 9 7 S" * vf ft adj. Sad ; 
lamentable ; regretable. 

ATARASHIKI.-SHI 7 ft y i* % $T ad j- New; fresh; 
not stale: kimono, new clothes; inizu, 
fresh water ; sakana, fresh fish. 

Syn. SHINKI, SHIN, ARATA NARU. 

ATARASHIKU or ATARASHU 7 ft y $, p ffi adv. 
New; newly; fresh; not stale: nai t not 
new ; dekita ie, a house newly built ; 
naru, to become new. 

Syn. ARATA-NI, SHINKI-NI. 

ATARASHISA ~f ft y ^-^ n. The newness. 

ATARI T 9 9 i$ n. Vicinity ; neighborhood ; 
near in place or in time ; about ; treatment ; 
behavior : nondo no 711, near the throat ; 
kono ni tera wa nai ka, is there a templo 
in this vicinity ? wo haran, to clear away 
those near (as with a sword) ; kyonen atari, 
about last year ; no mono, persons who were 
near ; nunnttko ye no mo hanahada yoku nai, 
her treatment of her step-son was also very 
bad ; atari, here and there. 

ATARI.-BU 7 ft A- &" or ^ i.v. To hit, strike 
against ; to touch ; to reach, attain to ; to 
turn out, come to pass ; to succeed as by 
chance; to happen, hit upon, fall upon; to 
agree with, contorm to, correspond to, accord 
with ; to be worthy of ; to match, equal ; to 
amount to, equivalent to ; affected by : ya ga 
mnto ni atatta, the arrow has hit the mark ; 
fune ga iwa ni , the ship struck on a rock ; 
tan/cue ni <itnrn nn, don't hit the table ; wuta- 
kuthi no atam<i wa ano hito no knta ni otani, 
my head reaches to his shoulder; shitxnrri 
ni atarimasu, it amounts to want of good 
manners; Nihonno ichi ri irti innzu America 
no ni ri han ni atarimashu, one Japanese ri 
would be equal to two American miles and a 
half ; tono imi ni ataru yd na kotoba, words to 
that effect; engawa ni hi ga attate iru, the 
sun is shining on the verandah ; Yoropa n-a 
ajia no nixhi ni aturu, Europe lies on the 
west of Asia ; watakuahi ni wa itoko ni atnnt, 
he stands to me in the relation of nephew ; 
iiranai ga atatta, the prediction of the fortune- 
teller has come to pass ; so/to roA-t m atatte 
ran ga okoru, just at that time a disturbance 
arose ; hito no ki ni , to offend a person ; 
atsusa ni , to be sun-struck, or affected by 
the heat ; tabemono ga atatta, made sick by 
something he has eaten ; shibai ga atatta, the 
theatre has turned out a success ; yama ga 
atatta, the speculation has succeeded; hi no 
atarn tokoro ni oku, lay it in a sunny place ; 
awo hito ni knji ga atatta, the lot has fallen 
upon him ; duri ni , to conform to reason ; 
shi ni , to be worthy of death ; nedmi ico 
atatte mii/o, I will inquire about the price; 
kinjo ye atatte koyO, I will go and enquire ol a 
neighbor. 



ATA 



27 



ATE 



ft -r 



The degree or 
To be warm, 



t.v. To make 
hi ico taite heija wo , to 



ATARI-HAZURE ~f Z 9 ,\ 7* v 1o" #. n. Hit and 
miss ; success and failure. 

ATARIMAE f X 9 -r -^ -g" ^ n. As it should 
be ; right ; proper ; according to the law of 
nature ; natural ; of course ; usual ; common ; 
ordiuary : karita kane ico kfiesn no u'o da, 
it is right to return borrowed money ; mizu no 
fhimo ye naparerti tea da, it is natural for 
water to flow downwards : no kimono, clothes 
such as are usually worn. 

Svn. TOZEN, TEKITO, TSUNE. 

ATATAKA NI 7 jt ft -fj .=. ^ adv. Warm; 

warmly: nani, to become warm. 
ATATAKAI.-KI-SIII 7 ? ft U 4 $ adj. Warm : 

hara ga , the spring is warm ; kimono, 

warm clothing. 
ATATAK.AKU, or ATATAKS ~f 9 5t -}j 9 ^ adv. 

Warm ; warmly ; na.ru, to become warm ; 

snnt, to warm. 

ATATAKA NA T ? 9 2r * ^ adj. Warm: 
tenki, warm woathor. 

ATATAKASA f 9 ft -% -p $ n 
state of warmth. 

ATATAMARI,-BU 7 
or become warm. 

ATATAME,-RU T Z 
warm ; to warm 
make a fire and warm the room. 

ATATTE f ft y 7- ^ p.p. of atari. 

ATAU or Aid T 9 7 H an imperfect verb. To 

be able ; can: ataumaji, neg. fut.; atawazu, 

(neg.) notable ; cannot ; impossible ; katui ni 

ni'iicazaru tokoro nashi, nothing is im- 

possible to God. 

ATAWARI.-RD f ft >\ A, i.v. (coll.) To receive; 
to have piven or bestowed on one : atawaranu 
kane, money not received (from heaven). 
Syn. SAZUKARU. 

ATCHI 7 y f- adv. (coll. for achi) That place ; 
there. 

ATCHI-KOCHI r y f- 3 y '} coll. for achi-kochi. 

ATE r T adj. Noble; honorable; elegant; 
rcf: 

ATE 7T 15" n. A block, or anything placed 
for a thing in motion to strike against ; a pad 
for protection against a blow or friction ; a 
mark, target, object, aim ; a clew ; anything 
to look to, rely or depend on ; security ; de- 
pendence, reliance; a pledge: ni turn, to 
use as a block or object ; to depend on ; fort 
wo ate ni trppn wo nt<m, to firo a gun at a 
bird; nnthi ni ynku, to go without an 
object, clew, or without any one to depend on ; 

an hazitrrru, that on which reliance was 
placed has failed; : ^pointed; fja 

> fail of one, object ; ,//> )ntn no i/<il;u- 
$okn ica nif ni nurunti. liis )' not to 

be depended on ; fin ?/<//, there is no clow. <>r 
have no person to look to, or .li-pcml on ; ,tnrn 
.. to give one dollar to each 
person. 

ATE.-RU J T *- ft t.v. To hit ,,.,-h ; 

put ; to iij i ; to 

direct ; to assign, allot ; to ; to 

guess : ya uo mato ni , to Lit the mark 



with an arrow ; ya jro mato ni atete ncrau, to 
aim an arrow at the mark ; kao ni te ico , 
to put the hand to the face ; hi ni , to put 
in the sun ; kono naka ni aru mono wo atete 
mi-mtsai, guess what is inside of this ; mnno- 
sasJii wo , to measure with a foot measure, 
or yard-stick; mi ni atete omoi-yaru, to feel 
for another as if it were one's self ; hinoshi 
wo , to iron, as clothes ; yakume wo , to 
allot each one his duty ; hitotsu zutsit atete- 
yarn, give one apiece. 
Syn. TRUKERU. 

JATE-ATE f^-jy a( jj. Y er y honorable ; very 
elegant. 

fAxEBi,-uRU f 7* 7* A- i.v. To be haughty, 
arrogant. 

ATE-BITO f f b* h n. Noble or honorable person. 

ATEDO T T b* '^T f>ft u. Object ; aim ; clew : 
nashi ni yiiku, to go without any particular 
object; mo nai koto wo iu, to speak extra- 
vagantly. 

ATEDOKORO f f \? =j n g" ffi n. The address 
(of a letter), aim, object, place to apply any- 
thing. 

ATEOAI 7 7^ ** b *$ & n. The portion or 
share alloted ; allowance ; allotment : ategai- 
bnchi, allowance of rice, or rations. 

ATEOAI.-AU T 7" H 7 "S* ^ t.v. To apply, 
assign a portion or share ; to allot, appor- 
tion : hitori mae ni ni-jii zutsu wo , to allot 
twenty to each man ; uki ka chiisai ka ate- 
gatte mint, to see whether it is too large or 
too small (by fitting one on the other). 

ATEHAKA [ TT^-ft $Jf na, noble ; elegant ; 

ATEYAKA j TT'V^ handsome; beautiful. 

ATEHAME,-RU 7 T ^ * * t.v. To appropriate, 
allot, apportion, assign ; to fit into ; to apply : 
kono kane wa shakkin ni atehamete an/, this 
money is appropriated to the payment of debt. 

ATEJI T *)" V s "S* ^ " A character used merely 
for its sound without regard to its meaning. 

ATEKOSURI T T 3 * 9 A hint, rebuke, or 
censure administered indirectly, or by impli- 
cation. 

ATEKORURI.-RO T^a^^ t.v. (coll.) To hint 
a rebuke, or censure ; to give an indirect hit, 
cut, or rub. 

ATEKOTO T 7" ^ } n. An indirect reproof; a 
hint ; also anything which one relics or 
depends upon. 

ATEME 7 f- jt -g* n. An object, aim ; a blow. 

ATEMONO TT^E^ n. Betting; guessing or lay- 
ing a wager on anything : wo turn. 

A-TEN T f v F3 *u n. Flattery. 

Syn. HET8DRAI. 

ATENA 7 T + *&' n. The namo of tho 
I>. T on t v.hoiua letter is addressed; the 
address, direction. 

ATE-OKONAI.-AU 7 Tt *+7 *$ jf t.v. To 
apportion, allot. p-ml: kcrni tn clii-nijn ico 
, to gnuit a I'Mition of l.-ind to a Hen 

ATF.TSHKE.-BU T T y ? ** *fe* ff t.v. To nllude 
t. hint at. Nte ! in.linvt.y ; to in^in- 

liitn tii " n in, to say anything 

intending it as a Lit at another. 



ATE 



ATS 



ATEZU 7 T T? n. Opportunity ; aim ; object : 
ga hazureta, to miss one's aim ; to be disap- 
pointed. 

Syn. KIKWAI, ATEDO. 

ATEZUPPO-NI 7 T *S ft" # adj. Without in- 
tending ; by chance. 

ATO T h 3fr or $1 n. The mark, or impression 
left by anything ; a track, trace, clew, point, 
trail, scar, cicatrice ; that which remains, as 
ruins, remains, vestige, relic ; that which 
comes after, succeeds, or follows ; the rest, 
remainder; the estate or property left at 
death ; the family line, posterity ; with ni, de, 
ye or kara, behind, after, afterward, last, ago, 
backwards : Jcojin no wo fumu, to follow 
the instructions of the ancients; ye liiku, 
to draw back ; wo tsukeru, to make a 
mark ; wo mo mizu sJiite nigeru, to flee 
without looking behind ; wo tsugu, to suc- 
ceed another in estate, or business ; kodomo 
wa haha no wo shitau, a child longs to go 
after his mother ; sakenomi ga wo hiku, a 
drunkard the more he drinks the more he 
wants ; rosho wa wo hiku yamai, consump- 
tion is a disease which infects one's children ; 
yobaiboshi ga wo hiku, a meteor leaves a 
train behind it ; wo tateru, to raise up 
an extinct family ; wo tsukeru, to trace, to 
make a mark ; wo sagasn, to search for the 
trail or track ; ye yoru, to move back ; hito 
no ni tatsu, to stand behind or to be in- 
ferior to another; no tsuki, last month ; 
ni hanashita koto, that which was just said ; 
gozen no de clia wo nomu, to drink tea after 
dinner; kara yukn, to go after, or after- 
wards ; san nen ato, three years ago ; tatsu tori 
wa wo nigosu, the bird that flies away 
muddies the water. 

ATOBE 7 } ^ ^^ n. Behind ; backward. 

fA-roBi ~f h tf n. i-q. kadobi. 

ATOBISHORI 7 h b* 5" 3 9 n. Shrinking back ; 
flinching. 

Syn. ATOSHIZARI. 

ATOBUSA. 7 h 7* -5* n. A crupper having large 
tassels. 

ATODACHI 7\>jf1- Efc& u. The person stand- 
ing or walking behind another ; starting on a 
journey after another has gone : ni sum. 

fATOE 7 }. 01 n. Presents made at the time of 
marriage ; bridal gifts. 

IATOE.-ORU 7 h 7 A> t.v. To betroth ; to marry ; 
to espouse. 

ATOGETSU 7 h >? <y & ft n. Last month. 
Syn. ATO-TSUKI, SEN-CTETRU. KYOGETSU. 

ATOGIYOME 7 * 3? 3 >i & g ^ n. The cere- 
mony of purifying a liouse after a death in 
the family. 

ATOHAKANASHI 7 }. s\ % 9- $/ adj. Without a 
trace or clew ; vanished. 

ATOHARA 7 ^ j\ ? ^ flg n. After-pains ; (met.) 
after clap : no Ao, a posthumous child. 

ATOHIKI 7 h b ^ adj. juyo, a drunkard who 
is more and more confirmed in intemperance. 

fAxoKABANE 7 ) # '< 3* n. Descendants ; pos- 
terity. 



ATOKATA 7 h -ft 2 Jjft. Jj n. Mark, trace : tori 
wa tonde mo nashi, the b.rd flies away and 
leaves no trace; mo naki fusetsu, a report 
without foundation. 

ATOKATAZTJKE 7 h #-*:/$' n. Putting things 
away or in order, as after a fire, feast, etc.: 
wo sum. 

tATOKOE,-Tu 7 }. 3 n. t.v. To leap across. 

ATOMAWARI 7}v-N9 ^ -J3W . n. Going round 
or turning backwards (as a wheel) ; to get 
behind-hand : wo sum, to turn backwards, 
to go round about ; asane wo sum to y<~>ji (ja 
ninam, by sleeping late in the morning 
one gets behind-hand with his business. 

ATOMAWASHI 7}<-*j\Zs n. ni sum, to put 
off the doing of anything until something 
else is done. 

ATOME 7 > * gfr D adj. The estate or pro- 
perty left by death ; the family line : wo 
tsugti, to succeed to the place, or estate which 
another has left. 

ATOMODORI 7 h ^E h* 9 n. Eeturn ; going back ; 
retrogression. 

tATOMOi.-ou 7 } H 7 t.v. To lead (as nn army). 

ATONIGITAKASHI 7h~3?-Y3r'$j) > . j&n. A 
feast, or entertainment made by the friends 
left behind after a person has gone on a 
journey. 

ATO-OSAE 7 h % -9- ^ n. The rear-guard of an 
army. 

fATORARE,-RTT 7 }, J is A* t.v. i.q. atsiiracm. 

fAxoRE.-RU 7 h vx * i.v. To be charmed with 
fascinated ; to admire. 

ATOSAKI 7 > V t- '& %. n. That which ia 
before and behind ; the past and the future ; 
antecedent, and consequence : mizn, to bo 
rash, inconsiderate; ro kangaem, to ex 
amine a subject on all sides. 
Syn. ZEN-GO. 

ATOSHIKI 7 ). $, % 5$ ^ n. The goods or pro- 
perty left by a deceased person, or one giving 
up business ; succeeding to property left by 
another. 
Syn. ATO-TSUOI. 

ATOSHIZARI 7 h ix ? 9 ipaE n. Going or 
moving backwards ; shrinking back, as in fear ; 
flinching. 

ATOTORI 7>h95frJn. An heir, successor. 
Syn. TOTSUGI. 

ATOTSUGI 7 > 7 * ffi $fi n. One who connects 
with, and continues the family name and 
estate ; an heir, or successor. 

ATOTSUKI 7 h y * n. Last month. 

Syn. ATO-GET8U, SENGETSTT. 

IATOUGATARI 7 > ^ # 9 9 n. Responsive 

recitation in the drama. 
ATOZAN 7 > tf f & fit n- Afterbirth. 

Syn. NOCHI/.AN. 

ATOZOXAE 7hv*^-^ n. The rear-rank. 
ATSU or ATSURU 7 y >i* "" Same as a tern : 

shoku ni otx-ubeki mono, u, thing that would 

do for food. 
ATSU 7 y & hot, and ^ thick (used only in 

compounds). 
ATSU 7 y $ adv. cont. of atsuku. 



ATS 



29 



AWA 



ATSUBAI 7 y X b n. Hot ashes. 

tATSUE f y ^ n. Fever ; a severe sickness : 
bito, one sick of a fov.-r. 

ATSUOAMI 7 y -ft \ J^. fa n. A thick kind of 
paper. 

ATSUGAX 7 y if & S& ffil n. Hot sake. 

ATSUGI 7 y if 1*JL Jfc n. Thick and warm 
clothing ; putting on many garments, one over 
the other: tco sum. 

tAxsrcoE 7yif^. n. Thick; i.q. atsuki. 

ATSUI 7 y -f coll. cont. of atsnki. 

f ATSUI.-YURU 7 y a. A, i.v ; To be sick of a 
fever, or very sick. 

ATSU-ITA 7 ?>f * /?& n. A thick board; a 
plank ; sutii no . 

ATSUKAI f y ij b |-P f^ n. Mediation, inter- 
vention, negotiation, management: wo 
sv ru ; wo ireru. 

ATSUKAI.-AU f y u 7 fa t.v. To manage, 
negotiate ; to transact a matter between two 
parties ; to treat, deal with : kenkwa wo atsu- 
ktitte naka wo naosn, to mediate in a quarrel 
and restore friendship. 

Syn. HAKARAU, TORIATSUKAU, ASHIRAU, TORI- 
6ABAKT7. 

IATSCKAI.-AU 7 y -ft y i.v To be hot, feverish, 

anxious. 

ATSI-KAI-XIX 7?#b v=|AE. A medi- 
ator, negotiator, manager. Syn. AISATSDNIN. 
ATPT-KAMASHII.-KI-KU 7 y ft * Ss >f adj. Im- 
pudent ; impertinent ; shameless; bold ; auda- 
cious : i/dtsn da. 

fATscKAWAsm 7y-fj^^ adj. Troublesome; 
annoying ; to be hot. 

AWA-ZURA 7 y U ^ *S 5 J? & iij n. 
Thick-fikinned face; brazen-faced; impudent. 
ATSCKE 7 y >r *f & (*ho nt ataru) n. Affected 
the heat. 

: ,;i 7 y % $fy a ^J- (1) Hot ; ardent ; fervent, 
fervid : hi, a hot day ; yu ga , the water 
is hot. 

/. Thick from side to side ; not narrow; 
at; liberal; bountiful: kawa ga , the 
n, bark, or rind is thick ; atsnki hubi, a 
liberal reward ; kokoro, kind-hearted. 
ATSUKU 7 y 9 $1 adv. (1) Hot ; see atsnki : 
uru, to make Lot ; naru, to become hot ; 
mil, not hot; te komaru, it is so hot I 
don't know what to do ; gozarimas, it is 
very hot. 

(2) JjL Thick from side to side ; plentifully, 

rally; bountifully: tewa wo sum, to 

render great services ; pan wo kirn, to cut 

bread in thick slices; nai kami, thin 

paper. 

ATSUMARI 7 9 * 9 & n. An assembly, con- 

-ation, collection, meeting, gatlx 
mix: 

ATSUMAKI.-TU- j y * A- & i.y. To be assem). ].>!. 
congregated, collected together: tlu'tmi wo mi 
n hi t,> <ja , people are assembled to see the 
theatre. 

i. TOBU, MUIUOAHU. TSUDOU. XOZORU. 

ATBTJME.-RU 7 7 > ^ ^ t.v. To a< i 
Congregate ; to collect, cuu\cuc , 



to mix : kr>gi ni Into wo , to assemble poo- 
pie to the preaching ; hana wo , to gather 
flowers. 

Syn. TOSERU, MATOMERTT. 

ATSUME-JIRU 7 y > ^ ^ rf* ^ H n. A soup 
made of many vegetables mixed together. 

ATSU-MITSU 7 y $ y ^JL^ (narimoiw chdji). 
Prohibiting music during the period of mourn- 
ing for the Emperor. 

JATSUMOXO 7 y ^ ) $& $7 n. Soup made of 
vegetables or fish. 
Syn. SHIRU, TSUTU. 

I-ATSUXAGARE 7 y + if v n. A fire ; i.q. Jnraji. 

ATSURAE.-RU 7 y y ^ >^ ^ t.v. To order any- 
thing to be made or purchased: tsnkue u-o 
da i ku ni , to order a desk of the carpenter; 
o atsurae no sldna ga Tokyo kara dekite kima- 
sltita, the article you ordered has come from 
Tokyo. 
Syn. CHU-MON SURU. 

ATSTJRAE ~f y 7 ** $ n. An order for tho 
making, or buying of anything : Jioka no hito 
no da kara uraremasen, as it was ordered 
by another person I cannot sell it ; wo 
ukeru, to receive an order. 
Syn. CHU-MON. 

ATSU-RYOKU 7 y 9 3 9 lj*L -ft n. Pressure : 
kuki no , atmospheric pressure. 

ATSUSA 7 y -9- ^ n. (1) The degree of heat ; fer- 
vor, ardor : konnichi no wa ikn do ka, how 
hot is it to-day ? ni makcru, to be overcome 
by the heat. 

(2j Jtj. thickness : kono ita no tea go bu 
da, this board is half an inch thick. 

ATSUSHI 7 y y adj. see atsnki. 

IATSUSHIRE 7 y ^ ^ n. Emaciated; lean; i.q. 
y at sure. 

ATSU-YAMI 7 y -Y $ n. Sickness brought on 
by the heat of the weather. 

ATTA 7 y ft pret. of ai, au ^ and , also pret. 
of ari ^f . 

ATTARA 7 y 9 5 coll. same as atara. 

ATTARA 7 y *x 7 coll. cout. of atta nnraba, if 
there is, if you have : yu ga motte-oide, if 
there is any hot water bring it. 

ATTE f y -J" p.p. of ai yfe or <$ and ari ?ff: atte 
mo naknte mo kaniaiinaten, whctlier I have or 
not, or there is or not, it makes no diffr: 

ATTO 7 y 9 \> fl&if'j (onhi-taosu), ."/; 
throw down; to overwhelm or defeat, as in 
argument, or by authority or power. 
7 ft 9 i.q. nnhinra. 

NI 7 7 V % >\r*9" adv. Puzzled or 
which to do : omoi-midnre. 

Awv fy\ ^ n. Millet. Panicum italicum. 

fAwA 7 y n. A knot that cannot l;o untied. 

AWA 7 v h ; foam ; bubbles : wo 

/M/.-II, to froth at the mouth; ga tatm, it 

buhlili's, it foams ; tro kii, to be perplexed, 

1; tiubtt, a buMilf. Jco knim- 

trrn, to perplex, confuse ; to surprise, alarm. 

fAWA-AWAKHI,-KI-XU 7 /N 7 v\ I/ tble { 

r of little taste. 

AWABI 7 >\ tf n. Tho Haliotis tuberculata, 
or " ctt-nr." 



AWA 



80 



AYA 



n. i.q. abuku. 

na, frothy ; foamy ; full 

n. The shells, or 



AWABU 

AWABUKU 

AWAGACHI J^if^ 
of bubblps. 

AWAOARA 7 ;N 1! 7 
bran of millet. 

tAw/i 7 ;N b n. Intercourse ; association. 
Syn. MAJIWARI. 

AWAI 7 ^ 4 Pn1 n- The space between two 
things ; between ; intercourse : intimacy : yama 
no n o michi, a road between the moun- 
tains. 

Syn. AID A, MA. 

AWAI-I 7 ' N 4 b n. Food made of millet. 

j AWAKE, -RU 7 t\ >r ** i.v. To froth at the 
mouth ; to pant ; to be dilapidated, spoiled, 
uncared for. 

AWAKI,-KU-SHI f J^% $ adj. Having a deli- 
cate flavor, or nice taste ; insipid ; tasteless, as 
water : ajiwai ga awaki mono, a thing of a 
delicate taste ; awaku shite mizu ni nitaru. 

AWAMOCHI 7 ;;? jefjf n. Bread made of 
rice and millet. 

AWAMOBI 7 V ^ 9 V& 5 n. A kind of strong 
spirits brewed from rice, used as a medicine. 

AWANANDA -f s\ -} z/ ft* coll. neg. per. of ai, have 
not met : hisasfiiku , have not met for a 
long time. 

iAwA-o f y j n. A knotted cord : miisulii. 

AWARE f j\ v exclam. of entreaty, ptty or 
admiration : inochi bakari wo tasuke tamuc, 
I pray you only spare my life. 

AWARE T>NV j& n. Pity; compassion; ten- 
derness of heart : wo moyosn, to feel com- 
passion ; ni onion, id.; mono no , the senti- 
ment or emotion excited by any thing, 
(obs.) 

Syn. FUBIN, AWAREMI. 

AWARE.-RU f^isti* :pj3^ pass, or pot. of ai, 
can meet : donhitara awareru daro l:a, how 
shall I get an opportunity of meeting him ? 

AWAREMI 7 >^\s\ $f n. Pity ; compassion ; 
mercy : no fukai hito, a person of great 
compassion. 

Syn. FUBIN, JIHI. 

AWAREMI,-MU f *\\s A $p t.v t To pity, com- 
passionate ; to show mercy : awarende ishokn 
ico ataeru, compassionating gave food and 
clothing ; ware wo awaremi tumae, have mercy 
upon me. 

Syn. FUBIN NI OMOU, ITAWASHIKU OMOU. 

AWARE-NA 7'^v-J- $ adj. Exciting pity or 
compassion ; pitiful : koto. 

AWARESA 7 ;>v $ i$$ n. A condition exciting 
pity ; misery. 

AWASE 7,N-b n. Putting up for comparison 
to see which is the best : hana-awase, com- 
paring flowers; tori-awase, a cock fight; ea~ 
wa.se t comparing pictures. 

AWASE 7;-b fe ^ n. A garment lined or 
of double thickness. 

t AWASE 7 ;N -fe n. Articles eaten with rice ; 
i.q. sat. 

AWASE,-RU 7;>-te>u <- t.v. To join together; 
to unite ; to annex, add ; to mix together ; to 



compound (as medicine) ; to introduce (a person 
to another) ; to make do, make suit, or answer 
the purpose : kamisori wo , to hone a razor ; 
kusuri ivo , to compound medicines ; te wo 
awasete liai snru, to join the hands and wor- 
ship ; kokoro wo , to agree together ; chi- 
kara wo , to unite strength or do altogether ; 
choshi wo , to tune; to make to agree or 
harmonize : ano hito ni awasete kudasare, 
pray introduce me to him ; me wo , to look 
at each other ; ma ni , to make to do ; make 
answer the purpose. 
Syn. GASSURU, SOERU, KUWAERU. 

AWASEDO 7 s\ -ts i? $ n. A hone, whet- 
stone. 

AWASE-OUSURI 7>N-b /^ 9 "* ! n - A rnedi^ 
cine compounded of several ingredients. 

AWASEME 7-^-b* *$ n. A joint, or seam 
where two things are united. 

AWASHIKI 7^\^4 adj. Insipid, or of alight 
taste. 

Syn. TAMPAKU, AWAKI. 

J-AWASHIO 7 V ^ J n. Salt. 
fAwAsoKA 7 VN y ^ adj. Insipid ; of mild taste ; 
tasteless. 



AWATADASHI,-KI-KU T^9if^^ a$ adj. Agi- 

tated ; excited ; flurried. 
AWATK.-RU fj\*f-A, f$ 3 i.v. To be excited: 

agitated ; flurried ; alarmed. 

Syn. ODOROKU, UROTAERU, BIKKURI 

AWATSU 7 s\ y i.q. awateni. 

iAwATsrKEsiii V^ytri' adj. i.q. awafa. 

AWATSURU 7 y y fl* i.q. aicutrru. 

AWAYA 7 j\ -V exclam. of alarm, agitation, 
excitement, or surprise : to miru uchi ; 
teki yo, thre comes the enemy I 

AWAYAKA 7 s\ -V U adj. Delicate or mild in 
taste or flavor. 

AWAYOKUBA 7->N3 9 >* conj. If there should 
be an opportunity ; i.q. ma ga yokereba. 

AWAYUKI 7 y =L * 11. Sleet ; a kind of cake 
made of rice flour. 

AWAZARU 7^-i/rt- ^^ nep. of ai. 

AWAZU or AWANU 7 >N Tfr^ neg. of at, not 
to meet : ni kaeru, to return without meet- 
ing. 

AYA 7 -Y exclam. of wonder, surprise or admi- 
ration. 

AYA 7 -V j& n. Silk damask. 

AYA 7 -V n. Cat's-cradle, a puzzle made with 
a string looped over the fingers played by 
children : wo torn, to play cat's-cradle. 

AYA 7 -y ^ n. A figure, pattern, or design of 
any kind wrought in cloth ; ornament ; embel- 
ishment : wo nasu, to ornament with 
figures; haru no yo no yami wa aya nashi, 
lime no hana ka 100 tazunete zo shiru-bekfiri- 
keru, in the darkness of a spring night, when 
no object can be distinguished, the plum-blos- 
som may be found by its fragrance. 
Syn. BUN, MOYO. 
7 -v n. A weaver's shuttle. 

AYABUMI,-MU 7 -V 7* * j^ i.v. To suspect 



AYA 



81 



AYU 



danger ; to be timid ; to be fearful, suspici- 
ous ; to be dangerous. 
Syn. ABDXAGARU. 

AYAIORI.-RI; T "V l c " ^ %& t.v. To form the 
figures or designs on clota while in the loom, 
which is done by working a frame from which 
strings go to be attached to the warp ; to 
embellish, ornament ; to work the strings of 
a puppet ; to play balls : hata, ganshoku, bitn- 
sho, ningyo, tama nado wo ; kai wo , to 
row. 

AYAITYA T "V 7 "V "fl uncertain : na koto 
ico iu, to equivocate ; na henji. 

J AYAGAKI 7-Y**^ n. A curtain. 

AYAGORO T "Y 3* P n. A kind of woolen stuff ; 
lasting. 

IAYAHATORI T-Y-^h* 9 n- A Chinese weaver. 

AYAKARI,-RU f -Y -ft t\* "j" t.v. To resemble, 
like: harami otmn ga usaiji n-o kueba sono ko 
ga nsngi ni nyakatte mitan-kuchi ni mini, if a 
pregnant woman eats hare her child will have 
a hare-lip ; ano hito ni ayakaritai, I wish to 
be like that man. 
Syu. NIRU, RUI-SURU. 

AYAKASHIKI.-KU f*r * ^ ^ adj. Obscure; not 
plain ; indistinct ; doubtful ; suspicious. 

AYAMACHI f -Y v 1- i$ n. A mistake, error, 
fault; a wrong, blunder : watnkushi no da, 
it was my fault ; ico knynru, to be sorry for 
a mistake; wo aratameru, to rectify a 
mistake, or reform one's fault. 

ft. OCHIDO, MACHIGAI. 

AYAMA"CHI,-TSU T "V v y i$ or f t.v. To 
commit a mistake, error, blunder, or fault ; 
to miss; to offend against, transgress, or 
uolate ; to injure, unintentionally hurt : aya- 
nmtte anitumnru ni iinlxikaru koto nukure, 
having committed a mistake don't be back- 
i d to rectify it ; okite wo , to offend 
against the laws ; uyamatte hito wo korom, to 
kill a person by mistake. 

. M ACHIOAU, TAOAERU. 

AYAMAUI f -V -r V C* n. A mistake, error, 
fault ; a wrong; an apology, acknowledgment 
of an error : ni kita, conic to apologize ; 

n. a letter of apology. 

AYAMARI.-RC T-YT*- (ft t- v ' To miss, mis- 
. agam.st ; to acknowledge a 
fault; to apologize: miclii wo , miss the 
way ; hun-i i> , to apologize for a : 

.:n iii-itn tea iru, to hit the target 
without missing. 

. w A BIRD. 
AYAMK 7 "Y > IS TI& n - The sweet flag, Ca- 

< us. 
Syn 

AYAMJ: j -y > ^0 n. The lines, or colors 
; figure; form : mono no 

mo iraknniHii u<niti yn, | durk tliilt 

( of things could nt ].,- .11 -:ii.,T.. 

4ATAMK T -Y > n. A < mull. 

ATAMK.-nu WJIA, t.v. To huit, wound, in 
jure; to slay: hi to . 

Syn. ITAMEBU. 
AYAMI,-MU J f A, i.q. ayaihimu. 



AYANAKI,-KU-SHI 7-Y > ^ $$ ^ a< *J- Not P Jai 
or clear ; without sense or meaning ; un- 
intelligible ; useless. 

fAYAxi T-Y 3f adv. Unintelligible; very; 
exceedingly. 

AYAXIKU 7 ^ ^ ^ ^? adv ' Unfortunately ; 
unluckily ; in addition to : nwu da, he is 
unfortunately out. 

Syn. ORI-ASHIKC. AINIKU. 

tAYASHi,-su 7-Y^ *^ t.v. To let out, cause 
to flow out ; cause to fall, or throw down : chi 
wo , to let blood, to bleed ; hare mono wo 
, to open a boil. 

AYASHI.-SU ~f -Y ^ t.v. To play with or amuse 
a child : ko wo , id. 

AYASHII,-KI-KU-SHI 7 "Y 5"f ^ adj. Strange; 
marvellous ; wonderful ; queer ; extraordinary ; 
supernatural ; suspicious ; dubious ; doubtful : 
ayttshiki mo ayashimazareba aiiashiki koto 
nufihi, even if a thing is strange, if we are not 
surprised at it, it ceases to be strange ; aya- 
shiku omou, to consider strange; to feel sus- 
picious of ; nai not strange. 

Syn. MEZURASHII, FUSHIGI NARU, KITAI NARU, 
IBUKASHII. 

AYASHIME,-RU f -Y ^ > ^ t.v. To suspect; to 

be doubtful of. 
AYASHIMI f -Y 3s ^ i: n - Wonder ; surprise ; 

suspicion ; doubt : wo idaku, to entertain 

suspicion ; wo nasu. 

Syn. GINEN, UTAGAI, IBUKASHI. 

AYASHIMI.-MU 7 -y $, A -^ t.v. To think 
strange ; to wonder at ; to marvel at, be sur- 
prised at ; to suspect : hito wo , to suspect a 
person ; ai/:ishiinu ni tarnzu, not a matter to 
be surprised at, or to be suspicious of. 

Syn. UTAGAU, FUSHIGI NI OMOD. 

AYASHISA T -V " *Jr ^ n. The strangeness, 

wi'inlerfulness. 

Syu. im'KAsmsA. 
AYASUOI 7 -Y ^ ^-* n. A small kind of cedar 

Juniperus procumbcns. 
AYATSU J ~Y y n. That fellow. 

Syn. AITSU. 

fAYATsuRi ft -Y y 9 n. A loom. 
AYATSDRI.-RU T -Y y * ^ t.v. The same as 

(ii/tidoru : niii'ji/u ico . 
AYAUI,-KI-KU-SIII T'Y^'f fa ^}- Dangerous; 

perilous; unsafe; insecure; full of risk : to- 

koro iro ttisuknttu, saved from ^rt^iit ]irril ; 

me ni atta, was in a dangerous prc-iu-iiiiicnt ; 

(iif.inki koto w<> turn, to run a risk; ayaukv 

n'ni, it is not danger. 

Syn. AllfVAI. K! NNON. 

ATOBI T n b* Wf$l ". Leggina. 

Syn. KYA ; 
AYOBI,-BU T -i / i.v. i.i- nyumu. 

i.-ou T 3 >* i.q. a >/ n fin. 
MYD T a- Ail east wind. 

I.. MTHI. 

AYD T * Si . A river fish = at, trout. 

AYU T -^ P^ S)j " ("ini'iim h'-tutrau) Flat- 
tery : turn, to flutter, adulate. 

.I.-OD ~f =t ? i.v. To shake, vibrato ; to 
move or resolve without stopping ; i.q. yuruyu. 



AYU 



82 



AZU 



f AYUI 7 ^. b n. A bandage for the legs or feet. 

AYUMARE,-RU T =* -* ^ ^ pass, or pot. of aynmi. 
Can walk ; to be walked over. 

AYUMI 7 ^t 5 i- n. Walking ; going on foot ; 
sejin no wo hakobu tokoro, places which 
people are in the habit of visiting. 

AYUMI, -MU 7 =L j. $ i.v. To walk ; to go on 
foot. 

AYUMI-AI.-AU 7=L^7 7 & & i.v. To mu- 
tually concede or yield in settling an account ; 
to compromise : nedan wo , id. 
Syn. AIBIAI. 

AYUMI- ITA 7 3: 5 >f iM&n- A board or 
plank for walking on ; a gangboard. 

AYUNOKAZE 7 =3. } ft -& n. An east wind. 

tAYURi,-BD 7 =*. ^ i.v. To exude or flow out, 
as sweat or blood ; to resemble. 

AZA T & 31* n. Macula ; dark or red spots on 
the skin ; freckles ; black and blue spots from 
a blow. 

Syn. HOKURO. 

AZAE.-RU T -y 7 -^ A' t.v. To mix ; to store up. 

AZAKERI 7 rf jr *) 3$J n. Ridicule ; derision ; 
scoffing : hi to no wo ukeru, to be laughed 
at by others. 

AZAKEBI.-RU 7 *f $ K, *3$ t.v. To laugh at, 

ridicule, deride ; to scotf, jeer : hitn wo . 

Syn. SOSIRU, GURO SURU, BAKA NI SURD. 

^AZAKERI.-RU 7 rf >r )\* i.v. To relieve the mind 
of any care or burden ; to comfort. 

AZAMI 7 1/ ? $j n. A thistle. 

fAzAMi,-MU 7 y J t.v. Same as azakeri. 

|AZAMI,-MU 7 -9-* A i.v. To be surprised or 
suddenly alarmed ; agitated: sawagu, to cry 
out in sudden surprise. 

AZAMUKI 7-9-*^^ $X n. Deception; imposi- 
tion ; giiile ; fraud. 

AZAMUKI.-KD 7 -9-* A ? $fc t.v. To deceive, 
impose on, cheat, delude ; to beguile : hito 
wo azamuite kane wo torn, to cheat a person 
and take his money ; hadae no shiroki wa yuki 
wo mo azamukn, the whiteness of her skin 
rivaled even the snow. 

Syn. DAMASU, TABAKARU. 

AZANA 7^-h E^ n. The common name by 

which a person or place is called; also, a 

field. 
AZANAE,-RU 7*? + ^n> f4 t- 7 - To twist, as a 

rope. 

Syn. NAU. 
AZARASHI 7*? 7 *s 7jC $lj n. (an Aino word) 

The sea-leopard. 
AZARE.-RU 7 IP V * f i.v. To be spoiled, 

tainted, stale, as fish or meat ; to be disordered, 

deranged in dress, as a drunken man ; to sport, 

jest, make fun. 

Syil. KASARU, MIDARERU, KUCHIRU. 

AZARI 7 & i; n. A bonze, Buddhist bishop ; 

i.q. ajari. 
AZAWARAI,-AU 7 J ??77 $R & t.v. To laugh 

at in derision, scorn, or contempt. 

Syn. SESERAWARAI. 

|AzAYAGi,-Gu 7^-Y?* i.v. To be clear, bright. 

AZAYAKA NA 7 -^ ^ * * ^ adj. Clear ; bright ; 

glossy ; new or fresh in color ; pure : kimono 



ga koto, how bright is the color of her 
clothes. 

Syn. AKIRAKANA, HAKKIRI, KUKIYAKANA. 

AZAYAKA NI 7 $* -v Jj ^ adv. Clearly ; dis- 
tinctly; plainly. 

AZE 7 -" D$ u. The mound, or dyke that 
separates rice-fields. 
Syn. KURO. 

AZE 7-fe* $* n. The reed of a loom through 
which the warp is passed. 

lAzECHi 7 -\l^~ n. i.q. aiisatsmhi. 

AZE-ITO 7-&J } &fc n. The strings of a 
reed used in weaving. 

I-AZEKURA 7 -fe* ^ =y n. A shed built of poles 
for storing grain. 

AZEMOMEN 7 & * * ^ B^ $& n. A kind of 
frilled muslin. 

AZENUNO 7-gx } W^tfj u. Frilled grass-cloth. 

lAzoso 7 V* y adv. i.q. usu-usu. 

AZUCHI 7 *f + n. A bank of earth against 
which a target is placed. 

AZUKARI 7 7* # 9 n. Anything received on 
deposit, or in trust ; a trust, a consignment : 
mo?jo, id.; bito, a person who receives 
anything in trust, or takes charge of any- 
thing; a consignee; ndo, id. 

AZUKARI,-RU 7 y * ^ i.v. To receive in trust 
or deposit ; to have consigned or committed to 
one's care ; to be intrusted with ; to be in 
charge of ; to take part in, partake, or parti- 
cipate in ; to be concerned in ; to be connected 
with ; to relate to ; to meddle with ; to be 
responsible for; to be favored with : tubi-tubi 
osewa ni aznkari, have often been favored 
with your kind assistance; gochino ni azukari 
katajikenai, I thank you for your delightful 
entertainment ; shichiya wa mono woazukarite 
kane wo kasu, the pawnbroker lends money on 
receiving anything on deposit ; otazunp ni azu- 
karite arirjat<~>, thanks for your kind inquiry ; 
waga azukai~u koto ni arazu, it is not a matter 
in which I am concerned. Azukarare.ru, 
(pot.) may or can be taken on trust; azukara- 
scru, (caust.) to cause another to take charge 
of ; azukari-oku, to put in the charge or keep- 
ing of another. 

Syn. TAKUSAN, YUDANERARERU. 

+AZUKARI-MOSU 7*y^9v^^.n. A regent. 

AZUKE.-RU 7 *J tr '*- t.v. To give in trust; 
to commit to the care of another ; to give in 
charge; to intrust; to deposit, consign : shichi- 
ya ye mono ico azitkete kane wo /can/, to make 
a deposit at the pawnbroker's and borrow 
money; azukesaseru, (caust.) to cause another 
to give in trust ; azukerureru, (pot. or pass.) 
may or can be given in trust ; azuke-mono t 
anything given in trust ; azuke-oku, to give 
in trust. 

Syn. TAKU SURU, MAKASERU, NINZURU, YUDA- 

NERU, ININ SURU. 

AZUKI 7 */ % n. A small red bean, Phaseolus 

radiatus. 
fAzuMA 7 */ * n. The eastern provinces of 

Japan, same as kiranto. 
AZUMAGOTO 7 / -f 3 h n. A Japanese harp. 



AZU 



83 



BAI 



AZUMAZU f+S^r<? 3^ A 'A person from one 
of the eastern provinces ; a countryman ; a 
rustic : aznma-bito, id.; azuma-otoko, id.; <i:it- 
ma-iuimtiri, eastern dialect or provincialism ; 
azumakarage, tucking up the skirts in the 
manner of an eastern man ; uzumaija, an 
eastern shed, open on the sides ; azumugoto, a 
kind of harp. 



AZTJSA f +?$ n. A kind of tree, the wood of 
which was used for block-cutting, bows, etc., 
the Bottlera japonica. 

AZUSAI TsflM u. Same as ajisai. 

AZUSA-YUMI 7 /*)=*. \ n. A smull bow used 
by sorcerers in their incantations. 

adj. Sick ; ill. 



B. 



BA /* (impure wa.) A conjunctive particle 
affixed to verbs meaning if, when, since, 
because, as, though ; also affixed to wo as an 
emphatic particle. 

BA ,< ^ n. A place, arena, room ; state, con- 
dition, circumstances : ba wo toru, to occupy 
much space, take up much room ; ba ga nai, 
there is no room ; yoki ba, a good place ; kas- 
$em-ba, a field of battle ; sono ba, that place, 
or that time. 

no, BASHO. 

BA /x* (impure wa) %L n. A numeral used in 
counting bundles, fowls, or birds : mala sain 
ba, three bundles of wood ; tort sain ba, three 
fowls. 

BA-AI ;\7b $ < n. Case; circumstance; 
condition ; predicament ; occasion : sono de 
wa, in that case. 

BA-BA /?/* ,^ $t n. A place for practicing 
horsemanship or training horses. 

BABA /C ,i fg. { n. Grandmother ; an old 
woman : ububa fan (obaa san), a polite name 
in ^peaking to an old woman. 

BAIU /N ,c n. Dung : ncko no , (prov.) some- 
thing covered up, concealed. 

BACUI /*f- |g 11. A drumstick ; the stick used 
in playing the guitar ; a plectrum : wo torn, 
to use the drumstick. 

BACHI /ff- f"j n. Punishment inflicted by 
heaven : Lnchi tjn ntnru, to be smitten of God; 
'. to be punished of 
God for disobedience to parents. 
8yn TOO A'.- KKIBATSD. 

BACHIMBN ,*+ jt ^ |g 95 n. The place on a 
guitar win i. it in i.. 

'ft % ft " Horse money; the 

of a borne, formerly made a present to 

1 officials. 

4 jyjK n. A horse basin, or 
bas washing horses = vma-dui 

BAJI used only in comp. 

if ga mnt, to look well when 
wor .ing a good ap- 

pearanc . ic gz, turn, that 

flower looks best in the eveuiug. 



n. Horse dung. 
n. Horsemanship; equea* 

^3 n. A horse blanket. 
n. Harness. 
. g n. A harness maker ; 



BAFUN 
BAQEI K^-f 

triau feats. 
BAOINU ^^ 
BAGU si >? t 
BAQUYA ,i >? -v 

a saddler. 
IBAHAN y^;\v A f^ n. Smuggling: bahan 

sum, to smuggle; baJinn nin, a smuggler. 
BAHARE,-RU X;\v>u j^ fif i.v. To be public, 

before the world, open : bahnrcte sum, to do 

publicly ; bahareta koto, a thing public and 

known. 

SyU. OMOTE-MUKI, KOZEN-TARU. 

BAHIFU v^b^^r ,fj^K n - Croup. 
BAI X,f ^ n. A gag: wofnknmaserit t to gag. 
BA-I ,tj ,% n. A horse doctor. 
BAI ,ij ^ (time) n. The plum. 
BAI X 4 f- Double ; twice as much : boi ni sum, 
to double; 6af ni txint, to be doubled; ni- 
subai, twice as much ; san-xobui, three times 
as much ; hito iclii ni shireru, to be known 
twice as much as other men. 
BAI.-AD /<7 t.v. (coll.) To snatch, seize ; i.q. 

ubai. 

BAI-AI.-AU Kb 7 7 3-- i.q. (cont.otnbni-ai) 
To snatch from one another : hana wo tagai 
ni bai-au. 

BAI-BAI ,i 4 >i 4 ^tJ( n - Buying and selling; 
trade ; traffic ; commerce : bai bni sum, t 
and sell, to trade; kono hin<i ini Imi-lmi un>no 
ni iiazaiiniiifn, tliis is not an article of trade. 

Syn. URI-KAI, AKIN v i 

BAIBOKU >*4tf* ff h n. 1 'ling; 

: biln>kn mint, to tell fortunes; 
*ha, a fortune-teller. 
Syn. DHA 
BAIDOKU f<4 $9 ftj[ $ n. Syphilis. 

i. KABA, sdnoitu. 

BAI- jo >sM f3 H" ic (mi wo uru onna) n. A 
lot. 

ASOniMK. 

BAI-JO /%M s? a ^ f^ |R n. One who i 
with another in the sauic carriage ; accompany- 
ing one in riding. 



BAI 



84 



BAR 



BAUC ,*>f s?a f fl n. The attendants or 

retinue of a high officer. 
BAI-KAI x? 4 * 4 <$ B. A go-between, 

middle-man, match-maker. Syn. NAKAUDO. 
BAIKENJO X>f jr v ^-Y # f; ^^ n. A deed 

of sale : bai-kenjo wo tori yari suru, to give 

and receive a deed of sale. 

BAIKI ^M * gj^ ( kasa ke ) n< Tne 
or symptoms of syphilis. 

BAI-KWA >* 4 9 y ^ ? (nwitf no hana) n. 
Plum-blossom. 

BAIKYO ^>f * 3 $3f (/cazoe a0rn) suru, 
to enumerate, number, mention one by one: 
suru ni itoma arazn. 

BAIMABHI >H v is f* Jg Doubled in quantity : 
baimaxhi ni snrn, to increase by doubling the 
quantity ; to increase in geometrical progres- 
sion. 

BA-IMO >H ^ n. A species of lily, Fritillaria 
thurnbergii. 

BAININ X >f ^ v ^ A (uru hito) n. The 
seller ; a merchant ; an expert. 

BAIHI y?>f >) ^fi] n. The profit on the sale 
of goods. 

BAI-SEKI-HAN-JI ^^>f -fe ^ ^N V a? f J$ t] ?/,. n. 
An associate judere. 

BAISEN ,-M-kv *Jf $j (akinai-bunc) n. Mer- 
chant ship ; also a ship for sale. 

BAISHAKU X >f v- -Y :? # #7 n. Acting as a 
go-between ; match-making : wo suru 

Syn. NAKADACHI, NAKAUDO. 

BAISHAKU-NIN X>f^-Y^^v *$i^A n. A 
go-between ; middle-man ; a match-maker. 
Syn. NAKAUDO. 

BAI-SHIN >*4 ^ v f% 13 n. A vassal of a feu- 
datory ; a rear-vassal. 

BAISHIN-KWAN X4 ^^ 9 y ^ l j *t f gn. A jury. 

BAI-SHO /? >f 5s 3 $ jjgfjf n. Indemnity; 
compensation: sura, to indemnify. 
Syn. TSUGUNAU. 

BAI-SHOKU >S 4 ?/ i* 9 fg ^-, ini, to partake 
of food with a superior. 

BAISHU >Z 4 i>3. n. A kind of sweet liquor. 

BAI-SU /<4*fr 19- fj[ n. (math.) A factor, 
multiple. 

BAITA /</f * ^ -^ n. A street-walker ; also a 
hired woman ; a servant of the lowest grade. 

BAITOKU ><4 \>jr ^ ffi n. Profit from trad- 
ing : baitoka suru, to make money by selling. 
Syn. MOKE, BAIRI. 

BAITORI-GACHI ,1 b h V if 3* $j? J $ n. Scram- 
bling for anything ; to get all one can : ni 
suru, to scramble and get the most. 
Syn. TOBIHODAI. 

BAI-U X>f # J$ ffi The June rains. 
Syn. TSUYU, NYVRAI. 

BAIYAKU >$4*( 9 ff ^ (un>nurt) (coll.) A 
nostrum, quack or patent medicine ; medicines 
kept for sale by a merchant : baiyakii mine, a 
shop where quack medicines are sold ; baiyaku 
wo sei-suru, to compound patent or quack 
medicines. 

BAJOZUTSU X^^y? J| t$fc n. A carbine. 

BAJUTSU ,* j? a ? ,% ^ n . Horsemanship ; 
equestrian feats. 



BAKA rtu ^ $ n. (coll.) A fool, dunce, block- 
head ; a kuiu of clam : baka wo iu, to talk 
nonsense; baka wo suru, to act as a fool; 
baka ni tsukeru kusuri wa nai, there is no 
medicine for a fool ; ni suru, to hoax, make 
fun of, befool. 

Syn. TAWAKE, AHO. 

BAKABAKASHII.-KI X ^ /* li y 4 &$L$k a( 5J' 
(coll.) Like a fool ; stupid ; foolish ; useless. 

BAKABAKASHIKU X 2; y-? -ft i^ 9 adv. Extremely; 
exceedingly ; unreasonably : nagai, very 
long. 

BAKA-BAYASHI X # K -y ^ n. The music o 
drum, fife, and cymbals performed on a dashi 
at a festival. 

BAKAGE, RU /^^-/^ i.v. To be foolish, silly, 
nonsensical: bakageta hito; bakageta koto wo 
iu mouoja nai. 

BAKARASHII,-KI-KU jfjj y i"f adj. (coll.) Fool- 
ish ; like a dunce ; silly. 

BAKA-NA sfjj + adj. Foolish; stupid. 

BAKARI **1j 9 |-f- adv. Only; about; more or 
less ; just as ; as ; to the degree, extent, or 
measure of : hitori bakari, only one person ; 
hyaku nin bakari, about a hundred persons; 
soto ni deta bakari, just as he went out ; shiro 
wo deta bakari nite. teppo ni ataru, he was 
shot just as he left the castle ; yamai txu- 
raki mono wa nnxhi, there is nothing so dis- 
agreeable as sickness; hito no naki ato 
kanasJiiki wa nashi ; kokoro no miage, a 
present only to express one's good will. 
Syn. HODO, NOMI. 

BAKASARE,-RU /*^-9"v^ pass, of bakau. To 
be bewitched, dclu.h d. fascinated, hoaxed. 

BAKASHI,- su ^ ^ * j$jk t.v. To cheat, delude ; 
to bewitch, befool, hoax : kitsime onna no ka- 
tacJii ni baketf hito wo bakasu, tlie fox assum- 
ing the appearance of a woman deludes people. 
Syn. MAYOWASU, TABURAKASU, MADOWASU, DA- 

MASU. 

BAKE >S>r \Y n. Transformation; deception; 
fraud ; imposition : bake ga anncareta, he 
shows the cloven foot ; the deception is made 
to appear. 

BAKE,-RU >\>r ** fa i.v. To be transformed, 
metamorphosed, changed into another form ; 
used generally of the fox, or cat : nelco ga baba 
ni bakeru, the cat is transformed into an old 
woman. 

Syn. HENZURU, KAWARU. 

BAKEMONO sfr^} $Lfy) An apparition, 
spectre ; a ghost or something into which a fox 
or badger has transformed itself in order to 
bewitch people: bake mono ga deta; ni 
aimashita ; yashiki, a haunted house. 

Syu. HENGE MONO, KWAIBUTSU. 

BAKENJO >i >r ^ & 3 ,|| JL ffi (urn a wo mint to- 
koro) n. (coll.) The stand from which to 
look at horses running; the grand stand. 

BAKKIN ^ y % ^ fl] ^ n. Fine; mulct; penalty 
in money : w<> turn, to fine. 

BAKKO ,*y 3 S^ /, turn, to act rudely, in ft 
self-willed, or insubordinate manner. 

Syu. JIMAN, HOSHI1UAMA NI SURU. 



BAR 



85 



BAN 



BAKKUN x? 7 9 v $t 7l - Preeminent ; 
transcendent ; surpassing others : no ter/ara. 

Syn. NTKINDETARU, MENITATS, HIIDETARU. 

BAKU >* 9 3 (w<0i) n. Wheat; barley: 

x AN, spirits made of barley ; beer ; ale. 
BAKU >* 9 $ n. A tapir, an animal said to 

swallow bad dreams and make them to be 

good. 
BAKU >\ 9 f (shibaru) sum, to bind, tie 

up : ma in> , to bind evil spirits. 
BAKUCHI ^93- \ Zj n. Gambling: bakuchi 

ico nfsM, to gamble ; ka, a gambler. 
BAKUCHIKU >< 9 + 9 jf| Vr n- Fire-crackers. 

,-HI-UCHI ,* 9^171- tt^4t n - A gambler. 
BAKUCHI-YADO ,f 9 f- -V h* |$ !f n. A 

gambling house. 
BAKC-EKI /< ^ ^ % 1$ $ n Gambling : wo 

sun/, to gamble. 

. BAKUCHI. 

BAKT <;i KI ) /* 9 ?% Q (nahagayoi) no, 

GYAKU f intimate, familiar : no majiwari. 

BAKUFU ,t 9 -7 jg tfj n. A waterfall, cataract. 

T.'KI. 

BAKUKU ,Z 9 7 ^ ^ n. The Shogun, or 

Tuikuu's government. 
BAKU-HAN ,z 9 t\ */ fL | n. A kind of food 

made of rice and wheat. 
BAKU-RETSU-YAKU X 9 v y -V 9 | ^ fg| n. 

I>ynamite. 
BAKU HO ,* ^ 7 # U 3? n. A horse- jockey ; 

a dealer in horses : snru. 
BAKUSHU ^\ 9 ^ ^ %?'<$ n - Beer made from 

ey. 

BAKUTAI ,^ y % 4 ^1 ^C Immense ; enormous; 
very great; vast: bukutai na mono-iri, great 
expenditure; bahntni ni, adv., extremely. 

. TAKTI-SAN. GYelSAN, KODAI. 

BAKUTO ,Z 9 9 *r ^-^ (mugi-yu) n. An infu- 
sion of parched Inrkv. 

BAKU-ZEN /'^ -tf v -^ ^: Obscure; ambiguous; 
equivocal: tarn m.^itau. 

HATTO. MAOIBAWASHII. 

BAMBI ,-:vtr =& H n. The day on which one 

is on duty, watch or guard. 
BAMBU-BUTO tif? \ ? $ $ ^ ffi -gr n. One 

who is not afraid of, or is a match for, ten 

and men. 
BAMMIN >* * I f & f% (yorozu no tami) n. 

All people; people generally. 
BAJI-MOTSU or BAM-BUTHU ,f v* y $ tjfy (yoro- 

tii no mono) n. All things. 
BAMPAKU ,1^,19 $ $j n. Barbarian. 

BAMPRI />'vx>f ^ ^ n. A sentry, guard, 

tent: 

BAMPO ,; ^ tf $ J| # n. Everywhere; all 
quarters. 

t| n. A kind of snipe or Moor-hen, 
nulii chloropufi. 
BAH ,-rv JJ n. A block, checker-table. 

ning ; niht : knn-lian, this 
evening; a*a ! , xaku 

, last n;cht ; r 

BAX ,? , ^ dfornzu,) (also pronounced ?/uin) 
Ten thousand ; all. 



BAN ,*v ^ n. A guard, watch, turn, duty; 
the ordinal suffix to numbers : tauzuke , on 
constant duty ; ni agaru, to go on duty ; 
ban wo snru, to keep watch ; ban shite iru, 
keeping watch : mon-ban, & gate-keeper; ichi- 
Itin, number one ; the first; ichi-ban me, the 
first one ; ni-ban, the second ; ikuban, or 
nam-ban, what number? ni ataru, to come 
one's turn to be on duty. 

fBAN sf is % u. A term formerly applied to 
Europeans in contempt : gaku, foreign 
learning ; go, foreign language ; s/io, 
foreign books. 

BANBAN ,? ^ ,iz/ $,$& Ten thousand times ten 
thousand ; very many : ban-ban medetaku zon~ 
jiinasuru, you are very happy. 

BANCHA /Of-Y ^^ n - An inferior kind of tea. 

BANDAI ,$ ^ jf 4 ^-f^ n. A substitute in 
official, police, or watch duty : bandai wo 
tanomn, to find a substitute. 

Syn. BANGAWARI. 

BANDAI rfssjfj $,\\ n. All generations ; all 

the dynasties ; forever : fu-eki, unalterable, 

everlasting. 
BANDAI ,? v^'vf ^ ^ n. A high place in a 

bath-house on which the person sits who 

watches and receives the pay. 
BANDAI-ZURA /* v 5? 4 *? 9 $5 ^ ^ n. A 

round, flat face. 
BAN-DATE, ***/#*? ^ ^ n. Numerical order, 

ban-date shite O/.-H, ])lace in numerical order. 
BANDO ,H/ \? *? J^ Jg. n. All the provinces on 

the Tohaido east of Osaka were anciently so 

called. 

BANE X-j. n. The spring of a wagon. 
BAN- GAKU >3 v -jf 9 ^ ^ (osoku manabu). 

Learning late in life. 
iBAN-oAsniRA sO/ if $s J ^ Bjj n. A captain, 

or chief of a guard, or watch. 
BAN-GAWARI sfZ'-tf^y $j- ft n. A substitute 

in office or in watch duty : bangawari wo suru, 

to act as a substitute. 
BAN-GI /< v ^ ^^: n. Two blocks of wood 

struck together by watchmen in going their 

rounds, or to give the alarm in fires. 

Syn. HYOSHIGI. 
BANGS /* y *f tj 1^5$ n. The number : wo tsu- 

keru, to affix a number. 

BAN-GOYA ,-rvrf-y ft A wnti-h-box. 

BANGWAI ,^ v / y 4 $ ft n. Outside of the 

proper numhi-r; nn honoi.try mrmber. 
BAN-I ,iz/4 ^^ n. (r'/./sw) I'.arl.arians; a 

tfiin foniM-rly ;i|>|>li"l t<> Western n.-itions. 
BANJAKU ,i ^ f -V 9 4 7$ n. A large rock ; a 

bowlder; th.' 1: 

i '* v >? 3U :}> (yorozu no koto). Every 

tiling, every kind of affair whatever: wa 

mum I/inn,- no <iott>*lii. 
BANJ6 /^vU 3J^ n. The rule of ten 

thousand char 

BANJO ,* v & -Y $ 3(r ^ (y* f * wo kafnr//i) 
i.v and various forms ; multiform; multi 

'' . 
BANKA /Cv* 1^|[ n - (nu^tt no oarnri) Tho 

Cth mouth, or lust mouth of summer (o.c.). 



BAN 



86 



BAR 



BANKA x? ^ -ft $. %fc An elegy, or song of 

lamentation ; a uirge. 
BANKEI Xv^M qfc ^ n. Evening. 
BANKO X ^ =J & - (yorozu yo) n. Always ; 

perpetual; ever. 

Syn. FU-EKI. 
BANKOKU ,* ^ n 9 $ (yorozu no Jtuni) n. All 

countries ; all nations. 
BANKOKU-KOHO X^a ^ a ty>^7 *$> EU ^ vi n - 

International law ; law of nations. 
BAN-NEN X ^ 3~ v J$j ^ (toshiyori) n. Old 

age. 
BANNIN x v ^ v ^ A (mamoru Wto) n. A 

guard, watchman, keeper. 
BANNIN x^~ > 35 A (t/orazu no 7u'o) n. All 

people, all men. 
BANRYO X v ; 3 -$ 1S (*oo) n. Companion. 

Syn. NAKAMA, TOMODACHI. 

BANRYO x> 9 3 *Jjf! n - A kind of lizzard. 
BAN-SAOARI X ^ -f if 9 n. Going off duty ; 

leaving one's watch. 
BANSEI X>;b 4 &$ $ (yorozu yo) n. All ages; 

all generations : fubatsu, everlasting. 
BANSEKI Xv-b^ '/ A slate. 



n. A guard, 



. 8EKIBAN. 



BANSHI, or BANSHO 

or watch. 
BANSHO X v x 3 ^ tf< n. A guard-house, 

watch-house, police station : wo hanareru, 

to leave a guard-house. 
BANSHO X v $s 3 ^ j^ (yorozu no koto) n. Every 

matter ; all kind of affairs or events. 
BANSHO X v v- 3 ^ $( n. Pepper. 

Syn. KOSHO. 
BANSHO X v jx -V # =g| 0; n. A carpenter. 

Syn. DAIKU, TAKUMI. 

BANSHOKU X ^ $/ 3 ^ it- ^ (tonw ni fcu) n. 

Eating in company with others. 

Syn. SHOBAN. 
BANSHU Xv ^ $ qfafy (aki no owari) The 9th 

month, or last month of autumn (o.c.). 
BANSHDN /-\ > j^n. v $^ (haru no oivari) n. 

The 3rd month, or last month of spring (o.c.). 
BAN*O Xvy T> -f^j^ u. The assistant of a 

Buddhist priest. 
BANTAN X v ^ v ^ $g n. Everything ; every 

particular. 
BANTABO Xixjr^^ ^^Sp n. (coll.) An in- 

ferior street watchman, who is generally an 

eta. 
BANTO ^vh^ $ ^- (/"yw wo owari}. The 

12th month, or l-t mouth of winter (o.c.). 
BANTO X v > T> ^ 5^ n. A clerk in a mer- 

cantile house ; a commercial agent, factor, 

servant. 
BANYA xw ^ g n. The watch-house of the 

jishin&an. 
BANYU x v /f ^ ^ ^f (arayuru mono) n. All 

things that exist ; the universe. 

Syn. BAMMOTSU. 

BANYU-SHINKYO "^ ^ $ ^ n. Pantheism. 
BANZAI xfv^M |^^ (yorozu no toshi) n. Ten 

thousand years, or forever ; used in salutation 

to the T^ns/ii=Long live the king 1 or, king, 

live forever I 



BANZUKB rtfWr ^f-J*n. Affixing a number; 
numbering. 

BANZUKE >S v / >r $fr ffj n. The programme 
at a theatre, play-bill. 

BAPPAI s* y X -f f!j S n - ^ ne punishment in- 
flicted on the losing party in a game, by mak- 
ing him drink a large quantity of sake : bap- 
pai wo nomasuru. 

BAPTESUMA X ^ T ^ ^ otfS; S 15 n : ( Gr -) 
Baptism : wo hodokosu, to administer 
baptism. 

BARA ,*? n. A small iron cash. 

BARA ^y ^f |^ n. A rose bush: bara no ha- 
na, a rose ; bara no toge, the thorn of a rose. 

BARA x y A plural suffix : wakatonobara, young 
princes ; hyakushd-bara, the farmers. 

BARA-BARA s\ys\y adv. In a scattered man- 
ner ; in a dispersed, separated way ; in pieces, 
or bits ; also, the sound of the falling of things 
scattered, as the pattering of rain, of hail, 
etc.: to nigeru, to scatter and flee away; 
to chiru, to be scattered about in separate 
clusters ; ame ga to furu, there is a slight 
sprinkle of rain; kami wo ni saku, to tear 
paper into bits ; oke ga to knzureru, the tub 
has fallen to pieces ; toji ga kirereba hon ga 
ni naru, when the thread is cut the leaves of 
a book fall to pieces. 
Syn. CHIRI-JIRI. 

BAKAOAKI ,tyif* n. (coll.) Scratching much, 
as by thorns : kenkwa shite kao wo ni sareta t 
he fought and got his face much scratched. 

BARA-MAKI x^-r^ n. Sowing broadcast. 

BARA-MON X y * v $ | f*] n. The sect of 
Brahmans : ky<l, hruhniiinism. 

BARAMONJIN rfy ^ v & v n. Salsify. 

BARARI-TO f * y >; h adv. The sound of tear- 
ing or cutting ; also, separately in pieces : oara- 
ri-to kiru t to cut in two; barari-to oku, to 
place separately; kami wo barari-to yaburu t 
to tear paper into pi 

BARA-SEN /^ 9 -fe v ^ g^L ^| n. Loose money 
not strung together ; a small cash :=hashita- 
teni. 

BARASHI,-BTT ^y :*. t.v. To break to pieces, 
separate, disperse, or scatter ; to render abor- 
tive or unsuccessful ; to bring to naught ; to 
cause to fail: gunzei wo , to disperse an 
army ; hon wo , to break a book to pieces. 

BARASHI,-SU X y ^ i.v. (coll.) To say an 
unlucky word, or that which brings bad luck : 
saru to itte barashita, brought bad luck by say- 
ing saru. 

BARAZAKI >* y f* ^ n. (coll.) Tearing into 
pieces : kimono wo ni sum. 

BARE,-RU >* v ;i- i.v. To fall to pieces ; to be 
scattered ; to be abortive ; to fail, be unsuccess- 
ful or ineffectual ; to come to naught : sodan 
ga , the conference was n. failure. 

BA-REKI-JIN ,*is * gss $ $S $ Tne 8^ ' 
horses and stables. 

BAREN ,* ^^ }ji n. A large and long fringe 
used as a banner. 

BARI ,* 9 fo u. The urine. 
Sju. SUUBEN. 



BAR 



37 



BEI 



BARI />? 9 H W (nonoahiru) surw, to revile, 

vilify, calumniate, abuse. 
BA-RIKI ,* 9 ^ ,1^ Jy n. Horse-power. 
BASA-BASA /< -tf X -if adv. Dry ; not soft and 

pliable ; the sound of a fan. 
BASAKE,-BD X If ^ * i.v. To be idle ; to 

saunter idly about ; to loaf about. 
BASAKE,-RU Xf " ^ t.v. To scatter about in 

confusion ; to put in disorder, dishevel. 
BASARA ,< # 5 adv. The sound of any- 

thing shaking or rustling in the wind. 
BASATSUEI,-KU ,*? y 9 i.v. Dry to the feel ; 

not soft, moist or oily. 

BASEKI ,*te % $&$$ u - Place; room; unoc- 
cupied space. 

Syn. BASHO, TOKORO. 
BASBN ,<t^ ^ fig n. Tho back part of a 

saddle. 
BASRA /? ~s -y ,% jfi n. A wagon, carriage ; 

any vehicle drawn by a horse : ippikidnchi no 

, a one-horse carriage ; ni-hiki-dachi no , 

a two-horse carriage. 
BASHAKU ,f $s -V 9 ,!j j n. An office where 

horses are hired ; a livery stable. 
BASHI / * y A euphonic particle of no meaning : 

yndan baslii ni shitnmo na, don't be negligent; 

yudan shite hito ni bashi ubaware na, let no 

one seize it through carelessness. 
BASHO x?i" $ftr n< A place. 

Syn. BA, TOKORO. 
BASHO ,* -fe ^ n. The banana, or 

plantain. 
BASHOFU ,< * $ y K ft # A kind of cloth 

made of the bark of the plantain. 
BASSHD ,iy ^=t. fij j|f n. Wine forfeited in 

losing a game. 
BABSARE.-RU sf ? *) is fr pass, of batsu, to be 

punished. 
BASSARI-TO ,* y -fl- 9 adv. The noise made by 

anything soft in falling, as a mat, book, etc. 
BASSATSU siy^y g] JL n. The accusation, 

or papnr on which the crime of a person to be 

executed is written. 
Syn. ZAI-JO-OAKI. 
BASSEKI /<?<?** ^ J% n The lowest 

Ml 

BASSHI ,i y j, 5 3. (sue no ko) n The 
youngest child. 

OTOOO, 8UKKO. 

BASSHI, BASSURU ,* 7 X, ** ^ t.v. To punish. 

*U-BURU. 

BARSIIO ,N*7 -te 7 ^ fsj; (/irufct mawaru) *unt, 

to go about. trsiM I ,-ii.out. 

HEMEOURU. 

BARSOS /c^yv ^ ^ n. A descendant ; the 
pout. 

Syn. BHI80N, BAT8U-TO. 

BAMCI ,* y ^ # ^ j^t (imM-CiMMf) n. 
ugi which are i t ; extracts: 

Htm. to make and collect extracts, aa from 
books. 

.) n. Butter. 
BATA | ,{ a adv. The Round of lh- 

of the wings of A i 
feet running, or the Bound of llut things strik- 



ing, or falling in rapid succession : bata-bnta 
to habatttki ico sum ; korera de hito ijn liuta- 
bata to shinuru, people die of cholera in rapid 
succession. 

BATEI ^7-4 $,$$ (uma no hizume) n. A 
horse's hoof. 

fBATEREN ,i 7* v i" $. ^ j^ n. The Portugueso 
word ' padre,' formerly applied by the Japan- 
ese to the Roman Catholic priests. 

BATSU ,? y ^ The addenda or writing at the 
end of a book. 

BATSU /< ? -fi) n. Punishment : ten no batau. 
punishment of heaven ; batsu wo kdmuru, to 
be punished. 

BATSUBYO ,* y if -V & ^ $$ (ikari wo ageru) 
sum, to weigh nnclvr. 

BATSUOIN /<? ^v f^ n. A fine or penalty 
in money ; damages ; lorfeit money. 
Syn. BAZKIN. 

BATSU-IN ^ y 4 ^ jfc ^ n. A descendant. 
Syn. SUE, SHISON. 

BATSU-ETSU ^ y *. y ^ ^ (iegara) 719, of 
good family, respectable family. 

BATSUYO ,* y ^ 7 5fc ^ n. A descendant, 
posterity : ToUngnwa ke leyasu no n f iri. 

BATSUZA rfytf ?M The lowest seat. 
Syn. BASSEKI. 

BATTA ^ y n ^ ^ n. A grasshopper. 

BATTARI-TO /^ y $t 9 > adv. The same a3 
bata-bata : to wo battari to shimeru, to slam 
the door shut. 

BATTEKI s^yj'%. j]]l (hito wo nuhiage mo- 
chiiru) sum, to choose one from amongst 
the people and appoint him to office. 

BATTO ,* y > i$ adv. Wide or extended and 
empty, as a wide plain, or the sea; vague; 
indefinite : shite iru. 

BATTO ^ y >. Sudden opening out, or bursting 
into view : hi wa batto mot'tutxn, the fire sud- 
denly burst out; hana wa batto hiraku, the 
flower suddenly burst open. 

BAYA ,ty A verbal suffix, expressing desire, 
intention=:tat of the colloquial : o*hie ico ukftr. 
hito to narabaya, by receiving instruction 
would become a man ; mida wo tanoude hotoke 
ni narabaya, let us worship Amida so that we 
may become a Buddha ; ji<mi sebaya to onwi, 
thought he would kill himself. 

BAYAI X-y 4 sr^ bu-ai. 

BAZU /< / ,13^ fi\ n. A horse's hoof, the horny 
part used for making imitation tortoise-shell. 

A BB -< n. A pot, or fiirtlu-n vi -ssi-I, used ouly 
in comp. wonN. MS ;/ 

BBBB **'* n. A chili's clothes (children's lan- 
guagr) : / 'iild. 

BECHA KITHA ^ff"Y^f"V adv. Used only in 
such phrases as, t *li<tb,'ru, to talk much 
tediously; to be gnrrulous. 

fBECHI <<+ %} i.q. / 

an ^4 Same as brl .cialism). 

BBI <*4 % n. (komf} 
BEIKOKD ^4-39 ^ n. America. 
BEIKOKU *44n9 ^ ft n. Kice and corealfl. 

of 4 / 1) n. A follow,!- <>i iittuuduut of 
a noble ; also a muuicion of a miya. 



BEK 



38 



BEN 



>? # * fl- (cont. of beku arimeru) 

-- coll. aru de aro. 

BEKAKAZU, or BEKARAZABU -* -ft 7 ~ ^ "^T ne S- 
of fce/ci. Must not ; should not ; may not ; 
cannot : mu-yo no mono iru bekarazu, no 
admittance except on business ; itasii bekara- 
zaru koto, a thing that should not be done. 

BEKI,-KU-SHI -~? ^ "5J* An auxilliary verb, hav- 
ing the sense of would, should, could, ought, 
must, may, can, shall, will ; beshi is used also 
as an imperative: itasubeki koto, a thing that 
should be done ; watakushi no kainau beki 
koto de wa nai, it is not a thing that I should 
interfere or meddle with ; narubeku wa oite 
kndosare, if possible let it be as it is ; ono-ono 
zonji-yori wo in bcslri, let each say what he 
thinks ; nikumu beki hito, a detestable person. 

BEKKAKO or BEKAKO -? y Jj a n. Pulling down 
the lower eye-lid in jesting="No you don't;" 
putting the finger to the nose : wo num. 

BEKKAKU -< y -ft 9 #] fo n. A different rule ; 
an exception ; not included in the rule ; 
excluded ; excepted : bekkaku wo matte m<~>*hi- 
tsnkeru, to order according to a different rule ; 
kodomo wo bekkaku ni shit? kamau-anai, chil- 
dren being excepted it matters not ; onna to 
nagasode wa nanigoto mo bekkaku, women and 
those that wear long sleeves (doctors and 
priests) are at all times excepted. 

Syn. KAKUDAN, KAKUBETSD. 

BEKKE ^ y tr %>] %L (wakare no ie) n. A 
separate house or family, branch house ; 
separating from the family and going to house- 
keeping for one's self, as a younger son : bekke 
wo sum; bekke saseru; bekke yon hon-ke wo 
tsitfjn. 

Syn. BTTNKE. 

BEKKO X y Jj 7 S *P n - Tortoise-shell. 

BEKKON *< y rj v #] 5^, Especially dear ; par- 
ticularly intimate : bekkon no aidagara, a 
particularly dear relationship. 

BEKKWA - y y y $] ^ n. A separate fire 
kindled apart from others to prevent defile- 
ment, as when persons are engaged in religious 
duty. 

BEMBEN -*v*v $^ adv. (coll.) Dilatorily; 
procrastinating ; tardily ; slow ; idly ; vacantly : 
bemben to nani shite iru, why have you been 
so slow 7 bemben to shite wa iraremai, it will 
not do to procrastinate, or to be idle; to 
matsu ; to hi iro knrasu. 

BEMBETSU <<v<$> $ #] n. Discrimination: 
suru, to discriminate, distinguish. 

Syn. WAKERU, WAKIMAERU, SATORU. 

BEMMAKU ^O'^f ^ ffi Jg| n. (med.) Valves of 

the heart. 
BEMMBI-SHO ^^* 4 ^3 ffitift^ n. (leg.) A 

written explanation. 
BEMPAKU x */ x ? ^ TSjfr fu ru, to deny, 

contradict, oppose, controvert, dispute. 
BEMPATSU -svx? jft ^ n. The Chinese cue. 
BEIIPEI ^< $" ~Z J 1jj $ n. Obstruction of 

either fecal or urinnry discharge : daibcmjjfi, 

constipation of bowels ; sho-bempei, retention 

of urine. 



n. (med.) Constipation, 
petals 



BEMPI 

BEN ^? v ffi u - r -^ ne petals * a flower ; divisions 

of an orange or melon : sam ben, three petals ; 

roku ben, six petals. 
BEN -~j > ffi n. Fluency in talking ; eloquence: 

ben no yo\ hito; bengawarui; bennimakashite 

sama-zama ni susumeru, persuading with all 

his eloquence. 
BEN xv |j^ n. A whip. 

Syn. MUCHI. 
BENCHARA. x v f- -y 7 n. (coll.) Eloquence or 

clever at talking, so as to dupe others : no 

ii hito. 
BEN-DOKU xv^^'^^n. A bubo. 

Syn. YOKONE. 
BENGO xv 3* $$^| $uru, to advocate; to 

plead or manage the cause of another : nin, 

an advocate. 
BKNI x $t $ft n. Rouge ; the saffron plant : 

bi-ni no hanu, the saffron flower ; beniwotsu- 

kf.ru t to rouge. 

BENIKO x^i^^ n. Carmine. 
BENI-BASHI-YDBI ^f -9- i^ a. t* -^^^ n> Tne 

ring-finger. 
BENIXARA ** =.$=) fct ^ n. The saucer in 

which rouge is kept. 
BKNIZOME X y* > fa. *fe Dyeing in red : nt 

rant. 
BENJI.-RU, or ZURU X v A* $fc t.v. 

(1) To discriminate, distinguish : ze kit hi l:.i 
benjikaneru, it is difficult to distinguish 
whother it is right or wrong. 

(2) ? To explain, expound ; to do, transact, 
defray : yd wo benjiru, to transact one's 
business. 

Syn. WAKATSU, TOKIT, ATRTTKAU. 

BENKE-JIMA xv^s?-r^g5^n. Plaid, oi 
checkered figures in cloth. 

BENKETSU x ^ f y ^ fa n. Bloody discharge 
from the bowels. 

BEXKYO xv*^r ^i ^ (tsutome) Industry; 
diligence : suru, to be industrious, studious, 
diligent. 

BENKWAN xv^yv $f^n. The executive 
department of the supreme council of state 
or daijokwan, consisting of seven members, 
called sa-dai-ben, u-dai-ben, sa-chil-ben, u-chu- 
ben, sa-shu-ben, u-sht'-bcn, and gom-ben. 

BENNEI x v ^ 4 3$ f$ (hetsurai) Flattery, 
adulation : beiwd nnru hito. 

BENRI x +/ 9 ^ fi] n. Convenience ; com- 
modiousness ; adapted to use : benri ga yoi, 
convenient, well adapted to use ; benri ga 
warui or fubenri, inconvenient. 
Syn. TSUOO. 

BENRI x v 9 $$ $j[ n. Transaction ; acting ; 
managing; gimu iro snru, to transact affairs. 

BENRON x ^ p -^ $% %$ n. A discussion, argu- 
ment, contention : suru, to discuss, argue, 
debate, dispute. 
Syn GIRON. 

BENSHA x v ^ -V ^ ^ n. An eloquent person ; 
one fluent and gooJ at talking. 

BENSHI >?Vi^ ^Jt n. A speaker; one who 
makes au address ; an orator. 



BEN 



39 



BI 



BENSHO ^?v^3 $ J& n. A privy. 

Syn. CHOZUBA. 
BENTATSU *< ^ * y | sum, to whip, 

scourge, as a criminal. 
BENTO ^^ ?*} $$ * n. A small box for 

carrying boiled rice ; also, the food contained 

in the box : wo motsu ; ten tsukau. 
BENZAITEN ^ v f >f T ^ 3$ Bt ^ n. The 

name of a Buddhist idol, the goddess of 

wealth. 
BEXZETSU -< v &* y ^ =^r n. Fluency and 

cleverness at talking ; eloquence : mizu no 

nafjaruru (ja fiotoshi. 
BF.NZURU ^O7f * See btnji. 
BEPPAI ^ y ,S 4 #J Jfo (wakare no sakazuki) n. 

An entertainment given by one who is going 

away : tro kunn-kawasu, a farewell dinner. 
BEPPIN *ty \* i/ #'] pr n. Anything especially 

fine in quality, or handsome. 
BEPPUKU *< y -/ ? %\] fig n. A different mother, 

but the same father ; step-children. 
BERABO ^7 ^ ^ n. (vulg. coll.) A fool ; an 

idler, rascal : me ; yard. 
tBERANARi s<7 + y i.q. bckinari. 
BESO s* ) (coll.) The appearance of the face 

when about to cry : beso kaku, id. 

tu ^<y $s $]&, (betsu no kami) n. Another 

paper ; a different or separate sheet of paper ; 

an enclosure ; an accompanying document. 
BESSHIN -*r y ^ */ ty] t%? (betsu no kokoro). 

Another, different, or divided mind; alienation 

of heart : besshin naku, with an undivided 

mind ; without reserve. 
BESSHITE ~t y $, T #J Wl a dv. Especially ; 

particularly : kaze ga aru kara besshite hi no 

moto y<~>-jin shiro, as it is windy be especially 

careful of fire. 

Syn. WAKETE, KAKT'BETSU NI, KOTO NI. 

BESBHO ^ y $, 3 %\] ffi (hoka no tokoro). 
Another, different, or .separate place. 

BESSO ^ y y <fy ty] ^ n. A pleasure-house ; a 
summer-houpe. villa. 

BESSU -< y :*, fl ^ n. A short sock or stock- 
ing without aii extra sole, only worn with a 
shoe. 

BETA-BETA ^f^9 adv. Sticky, gluey; ad- 
hesive; glutinous; viscid; coqucttishly : nori 
ga t.ittkn, the gum is sticky ; 

turn, to act coquettishly. 

BETA-ICHIMEN ^ Jt 4 f- ^ z/ n. All over with- 
out intervals ; completely; entirely: <m<> liito 
i m abittn (ia aru, that man's face 
is completely covered with the marks of small- 
pox. 

BETATSUKI.-KU ^ ft y ? i.v. To be sticky, 
adhesive, glutinous ; to stick ; to be coquet- 

BtTo-nKTo ^ f ^ }. adv. Sticky ; adhesively ; 

^ly. 

BBTSU ^ y jjij (hoka) n. Separation ; dintinc- 
' : no, adj. Another ; differ- 
ent ; separate; ni, ad t-ly ; no 
; betsu wo laburn, to 


YO, TA, WAKARB. 



BETSUBABA ^ y ^ y %*] $j[ n. Having the 
same father but different mother : no kyo- 
dtii, half-brothers. 

BETSU-BETSU NI ^ y ^ y =L adv. Separately ; 
apart ; asunder : betsn-betsu ni sum, to sepa- 
rate, put apart. 

BETSUDAN ^yjfzs ^}^L n - A different case, 
different affair, another matter ; different from 
others ; separate ; distinct : special ; exceptional ; 
particular : kore wa ni o.geru, give this over 
and above ; ni , particularly, specially. 

Syn. KABUBET8U. 

BETSUGI ^yif #] f (hoka no koto). Differen 
or another matter ; objection ; special, besides, 
unusual : - kore naku soro, have nothing 
special, or unusual (to say) ; de wa nai, 
nothing different ; wo mosu-maji, I will 
make no objection ; nothing else to say. 

BETSUI x< y 4 %\] ^ n. Other or different 
intention or opinion ; especial, strange, differ- 
ent from what is common : sara ni nashi, 
no difference of opinion. 

BETSUJI x< y & ty]^* (hoka no koto). Something 
else ; another, or different matter. 

BETSU jo -Njy-t/^ #J i!j= Different matter; any- 
thing special, unusual or exceptional : kono 
yamui wa inochi ni wa ga nai, this disease 
will not endanger life ; kore naku surd (in 
letters), there is nothing unusual = all are 
quite well. 

BETSUJO x y & 3 $j? $v ru, to make light 
of, slight, show contempt for. 

Syn. KABONZURU, NA1OA8HIRO NI SURU, KKI- 
BETSU SURU. 

BETSUMYO -? y 5 -V $ %\]% (hoka no na) n. 4 
different name ; an alias. 

BETSURI *<y *) $i] g| n. (wakare) Parting; 
separation. 

BETSUYEI ^yjc-J ^ ^ n. A descendant. 

BETTAKU ^? y jt 9 #] ^ (kok* no ie). A separate 
or different house : surn, to live in a house 
separate from the principal family. 

BETTARI-TO ^y Sf 9 b adv. Sticking fast to; ap- 
plied close against : tsukii. to stick fast to ; d<ii 
ni yori-ka hum. \ o loun tight against the table. 

BETTO >t y *$#]'$ n. The title of tho 
government sup. i ;m> mlent of schools; for* 
merly a title of tlie Shogun. 

BETTO ^r y * tj #] -gT n. A hostler, groom. 
Syn. KUCIII- TOKI. 

BEU x t? See byd 

Bi if |4 " or ndj. (unmx/ii, t/o/ii. itrmcatlii, 
ntKiil>n.ihi : used only in conip.1. llrautiful; 
ant; fine; nice; good; drlicii-us; pleasant; 
excellent : na mono, a beautiful thing ; 
in fciiriiM/-ni, to be most beautiful; bi-fu, 
ft a beautiful wonum ; bifnkn,]fa lino 
clothes ; bi-gyoku, ^ a precious stoue ; 1>i- 
""" 5} ft handsoinr man; bi-jin, A. * 
handsome woman ; hi -jo, & beautiful 
woman ; bi-kfi, ft beautiful BCJMHTV ; bi- 
mri, ^ a good n * .leliric.ua 

taste ; bi-iei, t% a fine voice ; In-thoku, 
beautiful coK.r; bi-nhokn, fa dclicioui 
lood ; bi-$0, ft a good phyaioguoiny. 



BI 



40 



BIR 



B! ? f& (chiisaki, sukunaki, sukoshi naru : 
used only in comp.). Small ; little in size, 
degree or quantity ; mean ; trifling ; bi-fu, 

JH light-wind; bi-jaku, ffi weak, delic- 
ate, feeble ; bi-kan, ^ sjight degree of cold ; 
bi-kd, ft to go about in disguise; bi-riki, 

7^7 little strength ; bi-sho, ^ a smile ; 
bi-u, ijfg a fine rain ; bi-un, aff unlucky. 

Bi tf j^. (hiki) Tail ; the numeral used in 
counting fish : sakana iclii bi, one fish ; sum 
to go after ; to follow a trail. 

BIBIRI.-RU h* If fr $fe i.v. To contract, shrink. 
Syn. CHIJIMARU. 

BIBISHII,-KI-KU-SHI ^ tf $s j H H $ adj. Beau- 
tiful ; handsome; fine ; splendid : bibishikuyo- 
sdte shutsu-jin sum, splendidly caparisoned 
they marched out. 

Syn. UTSUKUSHII, URUWASHII. 

BIBUN if7*v $& (mat.) n. Differential cal- 
culus ; jutxn, id.; sekibun, integral calculus. 

BICHI-BICHI tff-t:f- ,$.$8 a< ^ v ' A springing, 
jerking, leaping motion, as of a live fish \\hrn 
thrown on the ground : to haneru, to spring 
and leap about, as a fish ; ikite iru uchi ni, 
whilst yet alive and kicking. 

BICHU if f" # ?st 5 n - My humble desire : 
wo arawasu. 

BIIDORO H" 4 1* n ?$ ^ (from the Portuguese 
word vidrio) n. Glass. 

BIOEKI H" f * fiL $2 (oi-utsu) suru, to pursue, 
chase (an enemy). 

Bui h* i? $. $f n. Polypus of the noae. 

BIJOGANE tf 5? -V # 1?3* n. A buckle. 

BIKKO if y =j f$ ft n. Lame ; a cripple : wo 
hiku, to walk lame. Syn. CHIMBA. 

BIKKURI \*y9 9 adv. Startled, as by sudden 
alarm ; surprised, shocked : dashi-nuke no ji- 
shin de shimashita, startled by the sudden 
shock of an earthquake ; ni san nen minai 
\ichi ni sum hodo ni o nari da, in the two 
or three years in which I have not seen you, 
you have changed surprisingly. 

Syn. ODOROKITE, TAMAGETE. 

BIKU tf * It & n. (Sanscrit) A bonze, Buddhist 
priest. 

BIKU H 9 n. A kind of wicker basket. 

BIKU-BIKU -91*9 adv. guru, to start in 
alarm, or in sleep ; to wince ; to jerk, as in a 
fit : moshi ya otte ga kuru ka to sum, to 
start as if he thought the pursuer had come. 

BIKUNI if 9 - th & fe n. (Sanscrit) A Bud. 
nun. 

BIKUTSUKI,-KU < 9 v 9 i.v. To start, jerk, or 
wince involuntarily ; to tremble. 

BIMBEN }? ss^i/ to, industriously, diligently. 

Syn. BENKYO SHITE. 

BIMBO tfvtf? ^^. Poverty; poor; destitute: 

na, adj. poor ; ni naru, to become poor ; 

nin, a poor man ; suru, to be poor ; 
hima-nashi. 

Syn. MAZUSHIKI, HINKTXJ, KON-KTO. 
BIMBOZURU i? ^ ,<; *j y ^ .% ^ ^ n. The 

Vitis japonicu. 
BIMEI h* ^ >f ^ H^ (imada akezu). Dawn ; 

before daybreak ; i.q. mi-met. 



BIMOKU }*3i9 7f (mayume) n. Eyebrows 
and eyes : wo kazaru, to adorn the face. 

BIMYO ii * # ^t -^ naru, abstruse, recon- 
dite. 

Syn. SHIMITSU, OMYO. 

BIMYO H ^ Beautiful ; gaku, science of the 
beautiful, aesthetics. 

BIN h* v 5f n. The temples ; the hair on the 
temples : wo ham, to slap a person on the 
temple ; wo kaki-agum, to smooth back the 
hair on the temples ; no hotsure, the loose 
hair hanging from the temples. 

BIN h* v $; n. A phial ; a small bottle. 

BIN tf s/ -g[ n. Opportunity ; convenient time 
or way : wo ukagnu, to seek for an oppor- 
tunity ; go bin, a future opportunity ; kobin, 
a fortunate opportunity. 

Syn. TSUIDE, TAYORI, ORI, T8TJGO. 

fBiNANSEKi if ?- i^-b ^ n. A hair brush. 

BINGACHS t?v#7-# ffifalfy n - A fabulous 
being of the Buddhists, having a human form 
covered with feathers, supposed to live in 
Paradise. 

BINGI tfv^ ^ !I n. Opportunity; conven- 
ient way or time ; message; tidings ; word: 
no chi de katte kudasare, buy it wherever it is 
convenient ; en-ro yue ni ga mare, because 
it is far, opportunities are seldom. 

Syn. BENRI, TAYORI. 

BINNAKI,-KU-SHI if v * 3 s adj. Pitiable; pitiful; 
to be compassionated. 

Syn. AWARENA, FrniN-NA. 

BINROJI h* v9 ^ 5? $ ^p ^f- n. The betel-nut. 
BINROKO ^ $p ff- n. Gambir, or Terra japonica< 
BINSASHI ifv^v' ^5* ^ n. A hair-pin. 
BINSEN h'v-fev ^|fe (tayori bune) n. A ship 
about to sail to the place where one wishes to 

g- 
BINSHS t* ^ -b "b & 1 na, keen, sharp, or 

quick in discernment or understanding. 

Syn. SATOKI. 
BINSOGI if v y ^ n. Shaving the hair off the 

temples of children. 
BINTEN h* VT* v j ^ n. Merciful heaven : 

ni sakebu; ware iro awaremazu. 
BINTSUKE \-^"y^r il }& " Pomatum, or 

ointment for the hair. 
BINZASABA h'vf-^7 t& $L n - A kiud * 

dance. 
BINZEN b* vif v ^ $& na, pitiable ; worthy 

of compassion ; pitiful. 

Syn. AWARE NARU. 

BIRA h*7 n. A handbill, placard, or notice 
posted up : wo haru, to post a handbill. 

BIRA-BIRA tr 7 H' 7 adv. With a waving, flut- 
tering motion (same as hira) : liata ga 
ugoku, the flag waves ; suso wo fuki-ageru, 
to blow up the skirts of a dress. 

BIRAN \y ^ g| $f sum, to be red and sore, 
inflamed : kizu ga suru, the wound is in- 
flamed. 

Syn. TADARERU. 

BIRARI-TO H" 7 9 Y- Same as bira bira. 
BIRA-TSUKI,-KU H' 7 9 ^ i.v. To wave and 
flutter, as a flag in the wind. 



BIR 



41 



EOF 



BI-BEI f| f (u'snkiishii). Beautiful; elegant; 
graceful : nn kimono ; keshiki. 

BIRI-BIRI if 9 tf 9 adv. Like the sound of 
anything dry tearing or cracking open ; a 
smarting, griping or pricking pain ; chapped, 
cracked, split : to wareru ; sakeru ; 
to itamu. 

BIRITSUKI,-KU if 9 y 9 i.v. To smart, prick, 
gripe; to be tangled, as a thread. 

BIRO tfoifr ^,$1 adj. Indecent; indelicate; 
something of which one is ashamed to speak ; 
mostly used apologetically : nagara go-ran 
kudasare, excuse the indelicacy, but please 
look at this (something offensive or unsightly) ; 

na furnmai, indecent behavior. 

BIRODO b* n ^ 3$ #ft n - Velvet : mom , 

figured velvet : mem , cotton velvet. 
BISAI if -9- >f f$;$3a(lv. Minutely ; particularly: 

ni shiru*u, to write down minutely. 

Svn. KOMAKA-XI, KUWASHIKU. 

Bisno b* -fe gfc /h Little ; minute ; trifling ; 
few. 

Syn. CHIISAI, 8UKTTNAI. 

BISHO-BISHO b* 2" 3 b S' 3 adv. Thoroughly 
wet ; drenched. 

Bisno-xuRE b* ^ 3 5? v n. (coll.) Getting thor- 
oughly wet. drenched : karada ga ni narn. 

Biso tf y $. fg. n. The author, inventor, 
originator. 

:i OWANSO. 

BISSHORI b* y ^3 9 adv, Thoroughly wet; 

drenched ; nureru. 
BITA t* X g n. An iron cash : ichi mon, one 

cash ; sen, id. 
BrTEiKOTsu b*7M 3? ^, ^ ^ n. (med.) The 

MM 
BITO t* h # jjjj (/wna no atama) n. Tip of 

the nose. 
BIWA b''^ !g n. A lute with four strings: 

ir /ii&u. to play the lute. 

BFWA tf' N fltfe n - Th e loquat, Eriobotrya 
japonica. 

BIWAI-.ON }ff\j?3s V $ n. A kind of wind- 
instrument ; pandeai- pipes ; a syrinx. 

BiWAHf.sm t f >\$>> ft g < ft? n - A strolling 
player on the 1 

BrwA-ncHi tf/\ + II & fr n - A player on 
the lute. 

BITAKC b'-Y7 *g$g (hore-gusuri) n. Aphro- 
disiac ni* dicine. 

Bd f <r ^ n. A pole ; a club, stick, bludgeon ; 
a blow with a stick : roku Khakn bo, a six foot 
o ; wo ttukau, to fence with a |><>lo ; iV/ii- 
to give one a blow (with a rod) ; 
fait lo, the foremost man. win n- two are car- 
rying with the same pole; atobr,. the himl- 
most man ; wo hiku, to draw a line across ; 
to era*. 

Bo Df^ <f^n. A hat. 

Bo *f $ H n. A fabulous bird of monstrous 

Bo # ^g n. Full of the moon ; the 15th day 
of : ttuki u-a b<> ni imtturu, 

the moon IK full. 
Syn. MOCHI. 



Bo #* ^ /^- n. A chamber. 

Bo ^N* T> ^ n. Small Buddhist temple ; the 
small house near a temple where the priests 
live ; also, heir-apparent : is-sun no boshu, all 
the priests of the temple. 

Bo /*# (coll.) A child (a word of endearment) : 
wa nichi-nichicliiezuite airushiktt narimaxn, 
the child daily growing in intelligence has 
become more lovable; obd san wa fikikii oiniri- 
nasaivirixliita, \\o\v your dear child has grown. 

BO-AKU sf$~r ^ %. ^ (takeshiki aku) n. Vio- 
lence ; wickedness ; tyranny. 

BO-BANA tf ^ ,<+ ^ ^L (shiku hazure) n. (coll.) 
The end, or entrance of a town. 

BO-BO ,*$**& ?? adj. Growing and 
spreading over thick and close, as the hair, 
beard, or grass when neglected; also vast, 
wide, as the ocean or plain : /cttso to oi s/ti- 
geri michi waknrazu, the grass growing up so 
thick, the road could not be distinguished. 

BOBURA. 7jf^7*7 ^ A n. A pumpkin. 

BOCHIKU jtf ^ ^ ^ -^ ^ n. Chinese fire 
crackers. 

BOCHO i}fT>f--V^ ^^u- Swelling : suru, 
to be swollen. 
Syn. FUKURERU. 

BOCHO X^ f- -Y ^ f^ Ii (katawara nite kiku) n 
Attending an assembly as an auditor. 

BODAI jjfiJrM 3* ^| n . A Sanscrit word mean- 
ing, salvation, entering into paradise, to 
become a hotoke ; to become a Buddhist : no 
michi ni int, to enter on the way of salvation, 
or to become a devout Buddhist ; senzo no bo- 
dai no tame hfiji wo suru, to say mass for the 
salvation of one's ancestors ; wo tomuru, to 
say mass for the dead. 

BODAI ,* # if 4 '$* g n. A poem which does 
not adhere to the theme : no nta in> it mini. 

BODAIJU ife4$=L 3ft| $ n. The 'Ficus 
r ligiosa, a species ot Banyan tree the sueivd 
tree of the Buddhists. 

BODAISHIN jj^^ l >fi'V ^t!'^n. A devotional 
mind ; intent on seeking salvation ; mortify- 
ing the carnal affections : wo oA-o.-n, to 
excite to a devotional mind ; wo t*nt(nn>-ni. 

BODAISHO tfjf4 5^3 Sf ^ pft n. Tla> (tMnj.lc, 
or cemeti'i'.v when* ]>r:iv-rs and offerings are 
made for the dead; a parish rfan<i <///</. 

BODO i}/ ?' ^ $ ? (/t<i/a) n. Mother (in 
speaking to another) : go sama, your 
mother. 

BODO rt t* $ 4fc tl * A disturbance, riot, 
tumult. 

Syn. RAN, ROPO, HAWAOI. 

/^^ &3& (hageiliiki ikari) n. Violent 
anger. 

BOEKI ,*$*.% ^[^ n. Commerce; trade, 
traffic. 

AKINAI, KOEKI. 

BOENKYO /N*^Jtv*-Y^igaft|n. A tele- 



scope. . 

BOFO ,* $ 7 & JR, (arakaze) A violent wind ; 
a tempest, )>uu . 

11AYATK, A&AbHX. 



EOF 



42 



BOK 



BOFU ,<# 7 5C n - The late father. 

BOFU ^#7# p#K n - Lit - wiud expeller. 

Caraway seed. 
BOFURI-MUSHI ri-f/y V *3s ^ ^ n - The 

animalcules found in sta-jnniu water. 
BOFU-YAKU Xt>7-Y^ F^^il (kusari tome 

gusuri) n. Medicines that counteract putre- 
faction ; antiseptics. 
BOGAI x ##* >f i$ |^ uru, to injure, do 

evil or harm to ; to infringe or violate : koku- 

an ivo , to disturb the peace of a country ; 

kenri wo , to infringe the rights of others. 
BOGAN X # a ^ }% "g n. The servant of a 

two-sworded Buddhist priest. 
BOGASHIRA ,f v> -jj* ^ 7 ^ BJj n. The head-man 

of chair-coolie*. 
BOGEN X # y v 4& If (ara/ct fcoJooa) n. Violent 

language. 
BOGETSU ,^i>y7 H fl (woc/iizwfct) n. The 

full moon. 
BOGI ,t -ty tf %*& n. Counsel ; consultation ; 

plotting. 

Syil. HAKARIGOTO, KEIRTAKU. 

BOGI -tf ^ % $% n . Mother ; same as bodd. 

BOGUI ^ # / j ftffi n. Posts erected to 
mark a boundary ; a sign-post : wo utsu, 
to set up boundary posts. 

BOGUMI jf / 1 2$ &H n > Fellow chair- 
bearers ; an associate. 

BOGYAKU ,t ^ ^ *? 9 4k n. Violent ; tyranni- 
cal ; rebellion against master or parent : 
nin, traitor. 

BOGYO X $ tf 3 p^f ^ snru. To resist, or 
repel the attack of an enemy ; to keep off : 
no yoi uru, to make preparations to resist an 
enemy. 

Syn. FTTSEGU. 

BOHAN Tjf ^ >- !& )] n. A forged seal ; 
forgery : sum, to forge a seal. 

BOHAN-NIN /< ^ y\ v v f& ^1J /^ n, A forger. 
Syn. GI-IN. 

BOHATSU ,*t;;\y ^.^ n, Blasting (with 
powder) : turn. 

BOHI ;}f b ^ 0f n. A stone tablet or wooden 
pillar; nn inscription on a tombstone. 

Bo-i s\?r$r &}$( Tyrannical, domineering, 
or arbitrary use of power. 

BOJAKUBUJIN /^^s?^^7*i?v i^^^lA 
Without fear, shame, or respect for others. 

BOJI, st ty s? ! ^ (jieya 710 /cofo) n. Sexual 
connection. 

BOJI ;j? ^ j? ^ ^ n. A cook, or kitchen 
servant. 

BOJI 7}fi? &!%. n. fgram.) A vowel. 

BOJITSU /f^s?? ^g g n. The 15th day of 
the month, when ilie moon is full (o.c.). 

BOJUN tf-f; i? =i.*s ^ J& (hoko tate) Lit. sword 
and shield. To be contradictory, incon- 
sistent : sum. to differ, disagree. 

BOKAKU /*#:? ;&gn. A violent person ; a 
bully. 

BOKASHI.-SU ijf^^. 't.v. To gradually lighten 
from a deep to a lighter color ; to leave plain 
or unshadr 1. 

BOKB j}f ^ ^ J& n. The Pirus japouica. 



BOKE,-EU jjf^^i- $tf i.v. To fade; shaded 
from a deeper to a light color ; to degenerate ; 
to decay ; to become childish from age : iro go, 
, the color fades ; toshi go. yotte boketa, to 
be old and childish. 
Syn. BORERU. 

BOKEBOKE-TO $>?#? h t^c S adv. Stupid; 
silly ; childish. 

BOKEI 7 jf * >f %t\- n. An artifice, trick, 
plot, stratagem. 
Syn. HAKARIGOTO. 

BOKI V* $$. n. Bookkeeping: ho t rules, 
of ; (iku, science of . 

BOKIBOKI-TO ^f^^^h adv. The sound of 
snapping, cracking the fingers, or breaking a 
radish : yubi wo oru, to crack the fingers ; 
da ikon wo or?*, to snap a radish in two. 

BOKKYAKU i y %*? 9 '&$$ sum, to de- 
stroy ; to seize or pull down (as a temple). 

BOKKYO Tjf ^ % 3 h ^ suru, to divine a 
good place to erect a house ; to choose a house 
by divination. 

BOKO Tjf 3 $ ^t & n - Mother. 

BOKO ,t ^ y fr ffi JJ n. (nied.) The bladder. 

BOKO /\ -f; -ft i? 3Mf u - Violent in act or con- 
duct : Kfifn ten wo hataruku. 

BOKON sffr a >- -^^ n. A ghost; the spirit 
of one dead. 
Syn. YOREI. 

BOKON ,*$ u ^ %.$. (fukaki urami) n. Ma- 
lice ; maliciousness ; enmity. 
Syn. IKON, ISHU. 

BOKU # 9 |H n. A servant ; also, in speaking 
humbly ot one's self, your servant, I. 

Syn. KERAT, KOZUKAI, YAT8UGARE. 

BOKU -tf 9 -j$i (ki) Wood ; wooden : seki, 
wood and stone ; seki ni arazu. 

BOKU jtf 9 ^ (sumi) n. Ink. 

BOKUCHIKU jjf ? 3- 9 l^Jc ^ (kemono wo kau 
koto) n. Keeping domestic animals. 

BOKUDO ijf ^ i* ^ |H fa* n. A servant boy. 
Syn. KOSHO, ci. 

BOKU-DO -tf 9 't? t& ^ (kusakari warabe) n. 
A cowherd, herdsman. 

BOKCGO jjf ^ / ^ ^c j^ n. A wooden statue, 
image, or idol. 
Syn. MOKUZO. 

BOKUISHI jtf 9 4 J^ n. A rough stone ; rock 
work. 

BOKUJO ^f/f-'-V ^ ^5c^ (mafci-&a) n. Pasture- 
ground. 

BOKUKAKU -tf 9 U 9 ^ ^ n - One fond o{ 
literary pursuits ; a dabbler in poetry. 

BOKUMETSU -tf 9 * y fi$, (tataki ketu) 
snru, to beat down, quash, subdue, quell: 
kicnji korcra-by<~> ikki nado wo snru. 

BOKUX X # 9 ^ 3k ^ A tyrant. 

BOKUN ,<:# 9 *-/ 1^7^" n. The deceased lord 
or prince ; the late lord. 

BOKUREI tf 9 \s 4 fj| %$ n. A servant to a noble. 
Syn. KERAI, JUSHA. 

BOKURI tf ^ 9 3c J| n. A kind of wooden 
clog. 

BOKUSEKI tf 9 b * ^ Sr (*untt no ato) Writ- 
ing ; penmanship. 



BOK 



43 



BOR 



BOKUSHA ijf 9 Sx "V \- ^ (uranai-jo) n. A 
fortune-teller. 

BOKUSHA tf ? v"V ifc ^ff n. A shepherd, cow- 
herd ; a j> 

BoKrsni tf ^ i* i& frjj n. A pastor (of a chnrch). 

BOKUSHI.-SU # 9 ^ ] t.v. To tell fortunes ; 
to soothsay, prognosticate. 
Syn. URANAU. 

BOKUTO *'^h^^c;7n. A wooden sword. 

BOKUZEI -tf 9 -t: 4 h 1j n. Bamboo rods used 
in fortune-telling ; divination. 

BOKWAN tf # 9 y y $1$ (katawara yori mini). 
Looking on from the hide ; neutral ; not par- 
ticipating in. 

BO-KYAKU ,<*? % -V 9 ,^j7 snni, to forget. 

Syn. WASDREBU. STUTSU-NEN SURU. 

BOKYO /<^^3 a& $ n. Violent conduct; 
riotous proceedings : bakuto ga wo kuwada- 
teru. 

BOMBORI 4? vg? 9 ! vR & A candle, or lamp- 
shade made of paper. 

BOMBU tf ^ -f JL3^. (tada no hito) n. A man; 
a human being ; an ordinary man : (Bud.) 
hotoke mo moto wa nari, mo satoreba 
hotoke war/, Amida originally was only a man, 
a man also by fully knowing all things be- 
comes a god; no nchi nite ni (irazn, 
being in the form of a man, yet not a man. 
BOMEI ,? jt 4 -^ $r (kake-ochi) Running 

away; absconding. 

BOMMATSURI # ^ -v ? 9 | $ u. The feast of 
lanterns, on the 13th, 14th, and loth, of the 
7th month (o.c.). 

;i > * # * >; ft Jrf n. The wife of a priest 
of the. Monto sect of Buddhists ; the keeper of 
a Budd. temple. 
BOM PI tf v b* Jt, & n. A vulgar person. 

'^ n. A wooden tray ; a waiter. 
!' * & 5 n - Tne feast of lanterns. 
'*# * =& (firni tnkeki) adj. Fierce; vio- 
K-nt ; cruel; tempestuous: Jiito. 

ii i^^f- JL+g n. Ordinary wisdom or 
nt ; humnn wisdom. 

^ T * fc^ n. Brahma, or paper 
cut in a certain form and hung under the 
eaves of a hou^e to keep off evil demons. 
Boxoo tf ^ 3 ^ tg n . The Sanscrit or Pali, 

. ige of th- Buddhists. 
BONOUI ^v/b n. A guide-post (to show the 

way). 

BOJJI #*& fc'%. n. The sacred written chnr- 
acter used by the Buddhists ; Sanscrit or Pali 
tan. 

BOXKD ijf ^ 9 fo f)t n. Offerings mail*' during 

I 

BOXKTO #**ij #'>; n. A Bu.idhiBt t- 

(with the idea of l.euig a li 
BOXNIN if^v vj^/^n. A humiin being; a 

l>erson ; im ordinary inun 

Ability : m arazn, not a common man, or 
not a human ) . 

B*n6 Y * ^ ^ tft ft n. The lunta, 
and deairea of this world : i ' 
*on-io IPO iuku t to save fn.in sinful 

no okori, the rousing up of sinful 



desires ; bon-no no kiznna, wo tatstt, to be free 
from the trammels of earthly passions ; 6on- 
no no inn oedomo sarazn, though lust, like a 
a dog, be driven away it will not leave. 

BONNOKUBO -jf ^ ) 9 tf $% in; n. (coll.) The 
hollow on the back of the neck. 

BONRTO tf v 9 3 fa fa n. Ordinary human 
judgment: bon-ryo no oyobu tokoro ni aruzn, 
that which men of common minds cannot 
attain to. 

BONSETSU tf v-fe ? $ ^l n. A Buddhist temple. 
Syn. BONKYU. 

BONSHIN igt/ist/ fa 3% n. Ordinary human 
body. 

BONSHIN -ft ^ ^ */ JLit? n. Common or ordi- 
nary human intellect. 

BONSHO tffvs^^ ^^n. A temple bell; 
sacred bell. 

Boxs5 -tf ^-y- $ fa j*& n. A common priest ; 
an ignorant priest. 

BONTARI ^ ^ -V 9 -^| $fc adv. Dim ; obscure ; 
cloudy; hazy; dull; vague: me ga shite 
yokn mienai, my eyes are dim and I cannot 
see well ; shita hito, a person of dull per- 
ception. Syn. UTTORI, BOTTO. 

BONYO tf v 3 ^ JL % no common or ordi- 
nary persons, of ordinary ability. 

BONZAI Tjf v f-* J JE. ||i (tsumi wo okasu) n. 
Committing siu or crime. 

BONZOKU tfz/y*? JL*(' as opposed to tti-jin. 
Common people; the common herd; tho 
laity : no mi waftifju ni xJiite kami tii chika- 
yoru koto atawazu, the common people being 
unholy cannot approach the kami. 

BO-OKU ,\ ty % ^ ^ 0& (wnraya) n. A thatched 
house ; used in speaking humbly of one's 
house. 

BORA -tf y Jg n. Species of mullet, Mugil japo- 
nicus. 

BORE,-RU tfisn, i.v. To be old and child- 
ish ; derrcpit. 

BOREI nt ^ n. A ghost ; manes ; the spirit of 
one d';ui. 

BOREI tf u/f ^J:fl| n. Lime made by burning 
shdN, used as a medicine. 

BORETSU tt tj \s v $| ^ n. Blasting with 
powder =b6-hnttu. 

BoiunoRi-TO 7^ 9 tf 9 h (coll.) adv. The sound 
of craunching, or crushing any hard sub- 
stance with the teeth : inn : i<i hone wo ka- 
vui, the dog is gnawing a bone ; wziimi rja 
mini ka kute im, that rat is gnawing at some- 
thing. 

BORO ^ n. RngB. 

OM ;)' n 7 j' TI n. i.q. boronji. 

Bononouo-To # n jjf p > adv. In a crumbling 
r ragged manner; the sound of a (lute 
rhi <ja ochint, the dirt falls crumbling 
down. 

BOROKK.-RU tf o 1r ** i.v. To be old and de- 
crepit; to be rappp4. 

'* J^^^ n - A pc"on who 
:! with In Hi- ' ; caled 

I laying on a flageolet. 
Syu. KOMOSO. 



BOB 



44 



BU 



BOROTSUCHI ij? n ? f- n. Loose, crumbling 
eartli. 

BORYAKU tf *? 9 -V ^ = n. An artifice, 
trick, stratagem : wo okonau, to use a strata- 
gem. Syil. BOKEI, HAKARIGOTO. 

fBosA ,t$ -y ffi, % n. A sick person. 

BOSAI ,-f # $ 4 - ^ n. Deceased wife, or late 
wife. 

BOSAKI ,? $ y % &%. n. ( c oll.) Squeeze- 
money, or percentage, charged by a servant on 
purchases made for his master ; black-mail : 
ivo kirn ; wo torn. 
Syn. KASURI, UWAMAT. 

BOSATG af W **t ^ *> $& Loaf-sugar. 

BOSATSU tf-f? ^ jj^ The Sanscrit word 
Bodhisattva, meaning he whose essence has 
become intelligence ; a being that has only 
once more to pass through human existence 
before it attains to Buddhaship ; a class of 
Buddhas who are not yet perfected by entrance 
into Nirvana. 

BOSEKI tff-fe^ Hi/fr n - A tombstone. 

BOSEN Xt>-b:x p^T^ (fusegi-tatakuu). To 
resist, repel, tight <>n'. 

BOSHA s^f? is-y - & n. A thatched house. 

BOSHA X# 2^-V W& n. The house near a Bud. 
temple where the priest resides. 

BOSHA 7 tf ty *" -V ;& $| n (med.) Cholera 
morbus. 

Syn. KAKURAN. 

BOSHI ,f$zs fl$ ^- (hitomi) n. The pupil of 
the eye. 

BOSHI >**;*' iff ^- n. A cap or bonnet worn 
by old men or priests ; also a white cap made 
of raw cotton worn by the bride at her wedding, 
and by the women at funerals ; a hat or cap. 

BOSHIN -tf # Sx v $J, (naki oya) n. Deceased 
parents. 

BOSHO tf # jx-Y # i fg (itsuwari no shoko). n. 
False witness ; perjurv. 

BOSHO #*# v'-Y # ^ $$ n. Crude saltpetre. 

BOSHO jjf i> v- 3 = ^ n. A forged letter, or 
writing ; forgery ; nin, a forger. 
Syn. BOHAN. 

BOSHOKU -tf ty s^ 3 ^ ^ ^ Eating voraciously, 
or gluttonously. JSyn. MUYAMIGUI. 

BOSSHI, BOSSURU tfy-^>\' y^_ i.v. To die, end, 
perish ; to set, as the sun : chi-chi bosshite 
sono okonai ivo mini, when the father is dead 
(the son) should observe his ways ; hi wa nisiii 
ni , the sun has sunk in the west. 
Syn. SHINURTJ, OWARU. 

BOTAMOCHI ^f y ^ + e^i fj- ^ n. A kind of 
cake made of glutinous rice dusted over with 
sugar. 

BOTAN tf*^ jjifj- n. The peony, Peonia 
rnoutan. 

BOTAN tf $t^ (Eng.) n. A button. 

BOTANKYO ^^v^3 GJIi^-n. A species 
of plum. 

BOTANNA 7)?* v* n. Cabbage ; cauliflower. 

BOTEFURI -tf j- 7 i; ^ ^ fld n. A hawker ; a 
pedler of goods in the streets ; a huckster. 

BOTO 7}-* i> h ^ ^ n. Insurgent ; rebel ; 
brigand. 



BOTOSHIGI tf \> is *? n. The woodcock (Scolo- 

pax rusticola). 
BOTSU-BOTSD 7}f y-tf? %}j %h adv. Little by 

little ; slowly ; doing a little at a time : to 

knsa ico mushiru, to pull up weeds little by 

little ; to ureru. 
BOTSU-DEKI 7 tf y T * '<$. iff n. Drowning : 

s/*/^i, drowned. 
BOTSUKAI -tf-tj'y-xt ^ ^ n. One skillful in 

the use of the club ; also a pedler of quack 

medicines, who, to attract buyers, exhibits his 

skill in the use of the club. 
BOTBU-RAKU tf y 7 ^ v n. Kuin ; failure ; 

fallen or broken in fortune ; bankruptcy : ka- 

nemochi mo muri ga nru to shimasu, a man 

though he be rich will be ruined by dishonesty. 
' Syn. OCHI-BDRERU. 
BOTSUZEN tf? 4/v $fa # adv. In a sudden 

burst, or flash, as of 'anger ; in an angry 

nuinner. 



BOTTERI ^^7-9 2 |g adv. (coll.) Fleshy; 
corpulent: to juiuie iru, to be large and 
corpulent. 

Syn. KOETE, FUTORITE. 

BOTTO -tf y Y adv. Insensible; mazed; dull; 

dim ; stupid ; flat ; lifeless or sluggish in 

manner ; obscure : me ga shita, eyes have 

Ixrome dim. 
BOTTORI tf y ) 9 adj. (coll.) In a soft, quiet or 

silent manner ; or like anything soft and wet 

falling : to shite iru, to be quiet ; ynki ga 

to ochini. 
Bo-u tf $ $ ^ ?ft (Jiageshii ame) n. A violent 

rain. 
BOYA ;*$ -V (same as 60) A child, baby : wo 

kochi ye yokose na, bring the baby here. 
BoYAKA8Hi,-su 7^ "V * ^ t.v. To make obscure, 

or unintelli^ilil.' : to confuse. 
BOYAKE.-RU ^ -V 'jr 'i* i.v. To liquify ; to run 

or be reduced to a thin state ; to deliquesce ; 

to be tangled and confused. 
BOYAKU # ' -V 9 (coll.) Grumbling, complaining, 

or murmuring with discontent : nani wo hara 

wo tatete sono yd ni da rd, what are you 

angry and grumbling about ? kono yd ni boya- 

ktnxii de mo ii. 

Syn. TsrnuYAKu. 

fBozA /*^ -9-* -fa % n. A sick person ; a patient. 
BO-ZEN /<?i>H/y fe $& adv. Stupined ; thun- 

derstruck ; astounded ; aghast : to shite iru. 

Syn. AKIRETE. 

fBozoKU ,tfrv*p JL\'- n. i.q. bnnzoku. 
Bozu /\ T> ? tfj 31 n. A bonze or Bud. priest; 

one whose head is shaven ; a servant in a 

daimyo's house. 
Bu y' $? sum, to pat, stroke ; to soothe ; to 

console, pacify : ken wo , to handle a sword 

hilt ; senaka wo , to pat the back. 
Bu 7* $$r n. A land measure, same as tsubo, 

= 6 feet square ; interest ; hi bu, daily in- 

terest. 
Bu -/-ff (coll.) Hot water used for drinking 

(used by children). 



BU 



45 



BUG 



Bu 7* -8^ Military : wo arasd, to dispute about 

military affairs. 

Bu 7* fr n. A part, fraction ; the tenth of an 

inch : ichi , one pirt, one per cent; sain 

ichi, one-third; hi/akn ichi, one-hundredth 

part : is-snn go , one inch and a half. 

Bu 7* JJ A class, set, group, kind, order, genera ; 

head or subdivision ; section : kono lion wa 

$an satsn tro mottf ichi to sum, this book is 

complete in three volumes ; ko no ji wa nan no 

Tii arn de ar~>, what is the radical of this 

character? sore ira nan no ni aru ha, under 

what head shall I find sora. 

Br -f SOL ; ^ A syllable of negation : no ; not ; is 

not ; not existing ; (only used in composition.) 

BU-AI 7*T b $ Percentage: wo toru. 

Br-AisATsu T*T 4W 7 $ $ { (coll.) Answer- 

ing rudely, or ill-humoredly : impolite. 
BU-AISO 7* r >f -9" ^ % ft n. (coll.) Ill- 

treatment; uncourtcous ; inhospitable. 
Br-AniRAi 7'T^7>f ^ ^ $ (coll.) na, 
rude, uncourteous, or uncivil in treatment of 
others. 

BrpAN y'tfs/ n. Tho ouarter of a njo. 
BUBARI.-RU ?'>{*' T^%&. i- v - To display, boast 
of, or show off one's military accomplishment : 
bnbntta hito, one who is fond of making a 
show of his military accomplishments. 
BUBKN 7*"?v ^.^f- n. The military class ; a 

tamwrat. 

BrBi 7* t* 3^ f$f n. Military or warlike 
preparations : fffnjfi ni sum, to make strong 
military preparations. 

BCBTKI T'h*^ 1 & *j\ a. Small reduction in 
price : wo snru, to make a small reduction 
of pricp. 

7* 7* (colU Same as 1m. 
Brnrx 7' 7* v ]{ ^ n. A part ; a portion, 

fraction. 
Brcm 7*f- 15 adj. Of various colors; pie- 

bald : umn, a piebald horse. 
Brrm.-xsu 7* 9 t.v. To strike, beat, hit, 
knock, whip This word is a coll. form of 
', and much used joined with other verbs. 
Syn. uxflu, cuoriuKu SURU, TATAKU. 
r AKK.-RU T** r * *- tr W t.v. To knock 
yity out. -m a bag, box, etc. 
-ATK.-RU f+ri'*' trio t.v. To shoot 
at and hit ; to 8trik- ; to hit. 

nr.-su 7*f-;/* 4T& t.v. To knock 
or beat out. 

T < -f+ U -9 4r fl& i- v - To win, 
i a fi^'lit. 
i KOMI.-MU 7*f;3* tT ai. t.v. To drive 

into. 
-so -?+ a n ^ it ft t.v. To 



su yf-a^^ :fr$ t.v. To 
1 )wn by beating ; to strike and break ; 
to boat to pieces. 

MU.-KU yf-^y^ 4t^ t.v. To 
beat or knock into piece*. 

OCH1.MAM.-RU 7* f- -f y - ^ ^ t.V. To 

empty and scatter, as water or grain from a 
bag ; to dash and scatter about. 



BUCHI-MAKE,-RU 7*f-^y^ f $ i.v. To be 
beaten, or lose in a fight. 

BUCHI-NOMESHI,-SU 7* ^ ) * * t.V. (coll.) To 

beat. 

BUCHI-NUKI,-KU 7'f-* 9 r t.v. To drive, 
or hammer, one thing through another. 

BUCHI-SHIME,-RU 7* f- J, * >\, ^T t.V. To 

strike and kill, as a rat, snake ; to seize and 
bind, as a thief ; to beat. 

BUCHI-TAOSHI,-SU 7* f* ft 7 X, :fr {fl] t.V. To 

knock down, as a man, or anything standing. 

BUCHI-TATAKI,-KU 7*f* ^ V ^ ^T t.V. To 

beat, strike ; to torment, torture. 
BUCHI-TOME,-RU 7* f; h * * ^T it t.v. To hit 

and kill anything in motion. 
BUCHI-TSUKE.-RU 7*f- 7 y A- ^f fj- t.v. To hit ; 

to hammer fast ; to nail fast. 

BUCHI-YABURI,-RU 7* f- "V 7* >U ^T ^ t.V. To 

tear or break by beating. 

BUCHOHS 7* 7* # ^N ^ li >i Ignorant ; 
awkward ; clumsy ; bungling ; inexperienced ; 
stupid ; foolish ; bad ; (used mostly apologeti- 
cally of one's self) : wo sum, to do a foolish 
or awkward thing ; sake wa de gozari- 
mnsu, (in declining to drink) I am inex- 
perienced at drinking wine ; mono nanibun 
yoroshiku o tanomi moshimasu, as I am inex- 
perienced, please help me all you can. 
Syn. so-so, FU-TSUZUKA. 

BUDAN 7* }f > ^ \fy n. Military decision ; 
seiji, a government conducted according to 
military rule. 

BUDDA 7* y # ffi |^ n. Buddha. 

BUDO -fjti? ^^ n. Grapes: zuru, grape- 
vine ; tthti. L'lape-wine. 

BUDO y^*^ S^H (michiiuuhi) adj. Devoid 
of principle ; impious ; vicious; unreasonable ; 
tyrannical. 

BUDO 7* j? $ i^v. if (tamurai no michi) n. 
Military sciein 

BUEN 7'^v ^gg (shio nashi) Unsalted ; fresh ; 
eakanu. 

BUENRYO 7*av93 * l !li|'^ n. Witliout 
diffidence; without backwardness, or restraint; 
forward ; bold ; pert ; impudent. 

BUFU 7*7 0^f^ n. Pumice stone (?). 
Syn. KARr-ism. 

BUFU 7*7 5^-^.H' A soldier ; warrior. 

Syn. SAMURAI, MONONOFU, HEISHI. 

'" -/ a 9 If ^| n. Pantomime or 
dancing and music ; opera,. 

BUOAKU 7***^ ^ *fi n. Military science. 

BUOEI 7*y^f 1^,V n. The military arts or 
sciences ; the acc.iinplishinents of a soldier, of 
which the Jap. reckon 18, such ns the use of 
the sword, spear, bow, club, musket, horse, 
etc. 

BUOBN 7*yv /# tf (anadoru kotoba) Insulting 
language. Svn. n\ui. 

BUOXN -/ y v ^ PF< Rich ; wealthy ; a rich man : 

7*^v $ |ft n. Percentage or profit 
from exchange or trade /m <n. 
Buou 7* / t^ ||. n. Military arms and 
accoutrements. 



BUG 



46 



BUM 



n. An arsenal. 
u - superintendent; 

sho, superintendent's 
manage, control, super- 



Military matters : 



BUGU-GURA 7* ? tf 7 
BUGYO y^r-V^ -^ ^ 

a governor, chief : 

office ; sura, to 

intend. 
BUHEN 7" ^^ ^ ]$ n. 

wo konomn. 

Bu-i 7" 4 ^ $ n. Military power, or glory. 
Bu-i 7* >f .^ ^ (hawaru koto nnshi) Without 

anything strange, or unusual; without acci- 

dent ; safely. 
Syn. BDJI. 
BU-IKI-NA 7*431^ (coll.) Clownish; vulgar; 

coarse ; rough in manners ; ungeuteel ; unre- 

fined. 
BU-IKU 7* 4 9 $* W (sodatern) sum, to bring 

up ; to rear up, support, nourish : kodomo wo 

sum, 

BU-IN 7* 4 */ SOL ** (tayori ga nai) No letter ; 

no word; no communication: makoto-ni go 

buin tsultamatsiiri soro, I have not written to 

you for a long time. 
BCJI 7* ?? M ^5 (nani goto mo nai) Without 

accident ; 'without anything unusual occurring ; 

safe; free from trouble: Tokyo karu bttji ni 

uchi ye kaerimashila, has returned home from 

Tokyo in safety. 

Syn. SOKUSAI, TSUTSUGANAKU. 
BUJIKI 7* 5? $ -^ <$ n. Family consumption 

of food (of a farmer). 
BOJOKU 7* a? 3 ^ f/l-^- (nonoshiru) n. Speaking 

disrespectfully before any one ; contemptuous 

words or conduct : kwanri no tsuiiii, con- 

tempt of court. 
BUJUTSU 7*s? a. y ^Eftf n. Witchcraft; sorcery. 

Syn. MAJUTSU. 
BUJUTSU 7* & *. y ^ ffy n. Military art or 

tactics. 
BUKE 7* >r ^ |l (samurai) n. The military 

class, or gentry. 
BUKEI 7y >f 4ttf adj. Untrue; fictitious; 

unfounded ; fabrication : no setsu. 
BUKI 7* % 3^ | (samurai no wfsuwa) n. Mili- 

tary arms. 
BUKI-GURA 7* ^ ?* 5 $^ f| J|l n. An arsenal ; 

a place where arms HIV kept. 
BDKIRYO 7" * } ) "V V $ ? t?L (coll.) Homely ; 

ugly ; not handsome. 
BDKKA -/ y -ft Qfy f^ (mono no nedan) n. Price 

of things : hyo, a price-list ; price-current. 
BUKKAKU 7* y * 9 \% A n. A Buddhist temple. 

Syn. TERA. 
BUKKE -7*?? ffi ^. n. Buddhists; believers 

in Buddhism. 
BCKKI 7* y * ffi % (hotoke no ntsnwa) n. 

Utensils used in the worship of Buddha. 
BUKKIRABO y'y *ytf7 n. (coll.) Abrupt ; 

short ; terse ; curt or petulent in language ; 

plnin. 
BUKKO 7* y a $7 & n. Death (of a person) : 

nuru, to die. 
Syn. ZEIKYO. 

BUKKOMU -/ y 3 A, See buchikomi. 
BUKKOROSU y*? 3 p ^ See buchikoroshi. 
BUKKOWASU -?y z^x. See buchikowashi. 



BUKKU 7* 5 ^ $7 ^t n. Things offered up to 

liotoke in worsliip. 

BUKKUDAKU 7" y if if 9 See luchi-kudaki. 
BDKKWA -/ y 9 y \$> ??- n. Buddhist perfec- 

tion ; the reward of u religious life. 
BUKKYO 7" y *?y-b ffit. n. The sacred books 

of the Buddhists. 
BUKKYO 7' y T V \%> $; n. Buddhism ; the 

doctrines of ; Buddhist religion. 
BUKO 7* 3 ^ Jlfz n. An armory ; a house in 

which arms are kept. 
BUKO 7" -ft &.$] n. Military services worthy 

cf praise ; great military deeds or merit : buko 

wo tateru. 
BUKOKU 7" 3 9 |$ -^ n. False accusation. 

Syn. SHIIGOTO. 
BUKOTSU 7* 3 y S i^ (coll.) Rude ; coarse i 

clownish; rustic : mono. 
BUKU-AKE 79J? %&% n- The end of 

mourning. 
BUKURYO 7" 9 V -V % Q n. A kind of 

fungus growing on the root of the pine used 

as a medicine, Pachyma. 

Syn. MATSUHODO 
BUKUYE 7*^01 jjfc fjfc n. The period in which 

u person, after tue death of a relative, is 

unclean, and thus prevented from approaching 

the launi. 
BUKWAN 7* 9 v v ^ *g n. A military office ; 

military officer. 
BUKYO 7*^3^Hffl Of no ability, talent, 

or ingenuity ; not clever ; awkward ; unskilful; 

slow at learning. 

BU-KYOKD 7*^ ^ 9 $$fo n - Music and dancing. 
BUMA 7*-* M Ful (coll.) Awkward; acting out 

of time and place ; blundering ; missing the 

time or opportunity. 
BUMAN 7'^>- f^fl n. Insult ; contempt : 



BUMBENJ 7* Vx< v -frlfa n- (met.) Parturition; 
BUMBAN} 7* V/N v ^ -^ child-bearing. 
BUMBOKU 7' i/ig 9 5t.^ n - (lit. letters and 

ink) Literary pursuits ; letters : wo mote- 

asobu, to spend time in literary pursuits. 
BUM-BU 7*V7*5i^n. Literature and military 

art. 
BUMEI 7' * j &.% n. Military fame' bn;r.ri 

no aru hi to ; iro kagdyakasu. 
BUMMAKERU 7* $s ~* >r >\* See buchi-makt. 
BUMMAWASHI 7*v^y $/ ^ 5 n - A pair of 

dividers, or compasses. 
BUMMEI 7* v ^ >f 5^ H^ n. Enlightenment ; 

civilization ; refinement : s/a, history of . 
BCMMEI 7* 5^ jt ^ -ft HJ^ (akiraka) Clear ; plain; 

distinct : fo/; ?o I//IHKI ga ni mieni. 
BUMMEN 7' z/ j* >- ^ (fumi no omote). A 

letter, document, dispatch ; the contents of a 

document. 
BUMMOCHI 7'v^Ef- ^^ Dividing a load 

into two parts and suspending each on the 

ends of a pole across the shoulders : nimotsu 

ico ni stint. 
BUMPA 7' ^ ,i * -^ (wnkare no nagare). The 

streams branching from a fountain ; fig. of 

teaching, or doctrines transmitted from some 



BUM 



47 



BUN 



person, or place, as its origin ; branch, off- 
shoot : ha**]in u-a minn tenjiku no shdkd no 
bumpa de gozaimasu, the Buddhist sects all 
caiue down from th Indian shuktt. 

BCMPAI -/ i- X >f * 62. sum, to divide, 
apportion. 

BUMPITSU y' f b* y 3t g^ n. Literature and 
writing : nt tasshita Into, one accomplished 
in literature and the art of writing. 

BCMPITSU) ft fj n. (med.) Secretion : sum, 
: j to secrete. 

Bi-Mi-o y'^^y 5t>i n. Rules of composi- 
tion ; style of writing ; rules of grammar : 
*/io, a grammar (book). 

BfMPU -/ s/ -f ft ft auru, to command, 
order, bid, conjoin ; to charge. Syu. MEIBEI. 

Brx -/ > "$^ (fttmi) n. Writing ; letters ; 
composition ; literature : 7it tassuru hito, 
an accomplished scholar. 

Btx y f ft (wakfichi) n. A part, portion, 
division, share ; duty, station in life, circum- 
stances, ability; rate: kore wa watakuahi no 
Inn, this is my share ; bun no hoka, besides 
one's proper part, duty or place ; bun ni siujuru, 
to exceed what is proper to one's station, or 
one's ability ; ni koeru, id.; oya-bun, the part 
of a parent ; ichi gon no moshi-bun gozarima- 
ten, had not a word to say; tadaima no de, 
at the present rate. 

-/ + n. The beach tree. 

*~ */ 1Q 3$. (nay ami nashi) Free from 
trouble ; without accident or harm ; safety. 

Bcx-wx-xi y' ss -/ f ZL adv. Divided into 

portions, shares or pieces ; separately ; apart ; 

asunder : bun-bun ni oku, to place in separate 

: lions ; bnn-bnn ni sum, to apportion out ; 

to divide into shares or pieces ; kint, cut to 



peces. 

ux 



n. A paper-weight. 
. The name of a bird. 
. A support or rest 



A kind of bean, 



' > T $ 5t ,% 
vi / ^ if 4 ^ > 
for bolding a book. 

^ \' $ ' 3$ JL 

-colus r.-uliatiiH. 

" '/ > ft' y ^L ajf (/" m * no michi) n. 

iming ; letters; belles-lettres : 

00 thirazn shite b\id<~> t*ui ni xln~>ri wo czaru 

iitary science alone, without a know- 

ledge of lit n never give success. 

HI y' ^ i* 9 * %$ n. Seizing the spoil 
of the vanquished : xttru, to seize by 
violence ; to spoil ; to loot ; mono, spoils, 
loot, plun 

BCNKM /*s,til Carelessness ; heedlessness ; 
inattention; forgetfulneas. 

-X ffe na, chaste ; genteel ; 
cUwical ; taste; cultured. 

BCHOAKU -/ > if 9 ^ 1$ Literature ; literary 

tudiet; especial h 
BiTKor.N v*i-/> ft ff< n. Condil! 

ocial po , Hf,. : 

tro hakarn,to considei tioet; 

M In to, a person of good position, or 
MAT circumstances ; $ha, a rich man. 
8yu. wincx, BCNZAI. 



BUNOO y*^-ti*j & ^ The least particle ; 
a bit, mite : mo slni'iimi. 

BUNOWAI y' v ?* v 4 fr ^. n. Above one's 
circumstances, or condition in life. 

BUNOYO y" ^ ? y - ^ Division of labor. 

BDNJAKU y'^&V 9 J.^0 na, weak, effem- 
inate or un warlike from a predominance of 
literary taste. 

BDNJI y' */ & 5t ^ Literature; bellee- 
lettres ; letters : mi wo yudaneru, to devote 
one's self to literature. 

BUNJI y" ^ & ^ $ n. A minute. 

BDNJIN 7* v i? v X A n. A person of refined 
taste ; one fond of poetry, beautiful penman- 
ship, drawing, etc. 

BUNKATSU y" > % -y & %\] suru, to divide, 
partition, (as a country). 

BUNKE y'ssjr ^ n. Leaving the paternal 
home to set up house for one's self, as a 
younger son : wo s?/ni. 

BUNKEN y' ?/ >r f ft 5L n. To survey, or 
measure the height, or distance : turn. 
Syn. SOKUBTO. 

BONKEN-DOGU y' i/- >T ^ j? # ? ft JL ^ - H. 

Surveying instruments. 
BUNKEN-EZU y'ts>nsx.y+ &JL$%& n. The 

chart of a survey. 
BUNKO 7*^3 ^.^ n. A library or place for 

keeping books ; a box for keeping books in ; a 

trunk. 
BUNKU 7*v 9 5J n. (gram.) A sentence. 

Syn. MONKU. 
BUN-KWAN ^'v^yv^C'fn. A civil offioer 

(not military). 
BDNRETSU y" v v y ft % wru, to be rent 

asunder, cracked open : kuni ga sun*; chi 

ga sum. 
BUNRI 7*^9 ^iQL n. The style in writing; 

the tenor of a composition. 
BUNRI y f 9 ftfc n. The smallest particle, mite. 
BUNRI y* +/ 9 -$fc (wakachi hanasu) Analysis; 

assay ; separation : suru, to separate ; to 

sunder ; to analyze, assay. 
BUNRUI -/ vn- j ft ^ n. Classification, class; 

genera : sum, to classify. 
BUNRYO ~f f 9 -y $ ft $J| (wakete otameru) 

suru, to divide and rul' over. 
BUNRYO 7*v9-V^ ^5 n. Weight; proper- 

tiou ; quantity : kono kusuri wa ichi do ni 

ikiird n<)ininmsi]n~> k<i, how much of this medi- 
cine shall I take at one time? Syn. MEKATA. 
BUNRYO 7*^ 9 ^ ft i/H n. Branch, division, 

as of a stream. 
BUNSAI / > -9- >f j& n. Ornamentation ; 

embellishment ; decoration: wo hodokosu, 

to embellish, adorn. 
BUNHAN T'V^V ^*tft (wakart chiru) n. To 

break up and . a family from po- 

: ).i"il;in ill tsilkl buiUOn 
! >im- 1 .lut, i ; iinnzfi fhih'i y binis.ni mini, 
the army broke and scattered in all directions; 
mono, the atwetn. 

KI 7*vte* ^ ^/f n. Analysis ; decora- 
tion of a coni| its constituent 
: ta ; assay : suru, to analyze, to 



BUN 



48 



BUS 



BUNSHI 7'i-i' ^^ n. Atom, particle. 

BUNSHI -f v is ; fs] n. (gram.) A participle : 
gi'nzai , present ; l<w<iko , past . 

BDNSHIN y" ^ ^ ^ fr & Representation ; 
personification : Ami da no . 

BUNSHIN 7*^3^ ^J^ u. Tattooing the 
body. 

Syn. HORIMONO. 

BUNSHITSU 7* v $s y "%. $i Ornamental or 
natural; artificial or natural: him-pin, 
elegance and simplicity in harmony. 

BUNSHO 7* v x 3 ^ ^ n. Branch police 
station : chd, the chief officer of . 

BUNSHS 7'v5x-Yi> 3 3^r n. A writing, com- 
position, document. 
Syn. FUMI. 

BUNSHOKU 7* v v- 3 9 31 $$ n. Ornament ; 
embellishment ; decoration : wo.kuwaeru, to 
embellish, adorn. 

BUNSHOKU 7* v ^ 3 ^ n. A partial 
eclipse of the sun. 

BUNSO -/ v y jjjjf (ii-hiraku) suru, to 
explain, excuse, defend. 

BUNSC 7* v * ^ |Jc n. (mat.) Vulgar 
fraction. 

BUNTEI 7*V7M stJSfl 6 n. The style of a writ- 
ing. 

BUNTEN 7*V7 i v 3t,$ n. Eules of composi- 
tion ; grammar. 

BUNTSU 7* v? ; 3 J tiru, to communi- 
cate by lettor. 

BUNUN / > # v ^ n. Literature ; literary 
times : ga sakan ni naru, literature is flour- 
ishing. 

BUNYARI -f v -V 9 n. A sling for throwing 
stones. 

Syn. ZUMBAI. 

BUNYS / 3 T> g $ n. A fruitful year. 

BUNZAI 7*viP>f ^p$ n. Condition, place, or 
social position ; kind : (used only of inferiors): 
cho-nin no bun-zai to shite furachi na yatsu 
da. 

Syn. BUNGEN, MTBFN. 

BUPPIN 7* y b" v $7 , (shina-mono) n. Arti- 
cles ; merchandize; commodity. 

BUPPO ^r y ,$ 7 $5 ; n. Buddhism : ni 
mt, to become a Buddhist. 

BUUA-BURA 7*77*7 adv. (coll.) In a swinging, 
or dangling way ; idly ; without object ; va- 
cantly ; loungingly : sliite a mint, to roam 
about idly, without any particular business ; 
bura-bura yamai, a chronic state of ill health, 
neither sick nor well. 

BURAI 7*7 >f fttt Hj (yoriikoto naki) Useless; 
good for nothing : mono, a vagrant, a loafer ; 
na, vagrant, loafing. 

BURAKU 7*7 9 ^R* n - Province or section of 
country (used of savage tribes). 

BURANKET 7* 7 v f y }. n. (derived from 
Eng. word) A blanket : ket is now commonly 
used. 

BURANKO 7* 7 v 3 n. A swing. 

BURARI 7*7 i; adv. (coll.) Dangling; hanging 
loosely; idly: burarito knknru, to hang 
loosely ; sun, an idler, a loafer. 



BURATSUKI,-KU 7* 7 y 9 i.v. (coll.) To be idly 
passing the time; to be without object or 
employment; to lounge about. 

BUREI 7* v >f .fflt ^ n. Rudeness ; impolite- 
ness ; vulgarity ; devoid of good manners : 
wo togameru, to censure rudeness; na yatsu 
da, a vulgar fellow. 

Syn. SHITSUREI, BUSAHO. 

BURI 7* ; $$ n. Name of a fish. 

BURI 7* 9 (same as furi, $&) adv. During ; 
time since : mika-bnri, for three days' use ; 
to-ka-buri no knsuri wo kudasare, give me 
medicine enough for ten days; hisashi-biiri nit?. 
Yokohama ye kimashita, I have not been to 
Yokohama for a long time ; hitcuhi-buri dt 
tenki yoku narimashita, it is a long time since 
we have had pleasant weather (before to-day). 
Also same as furi $| manner, deportment. 

BURI-BURI 7* 9 7* 9 n. A kind of toy. 

BURIKI 7* 9 % n. Plates of tinned iron ; tin 
plates. 

BURU-BURU 7*A^7*>u ^1p$ adv. (coll.) Trem- 
bling: kownyatte ftiruta, to tremble with 
fear; samukute furueru, to tremble with cold. 
Syn. WANA-WANA. 

BURUI y'^R pj^^ n. Genera and species; 
class : wo wakete atswneru, to collect and 
arrange in classes ; ken-zohu, the family. 

BURYAKU 7* 9 "V 9 $^.B& n - Military plan, or 
stratagem. 

BUSAHS 7* -tf-^ 7 S^vi aclj- Not acting ac- 
cording to the rules of propriety ; impolite ; 
rude. 

Syn. 8HIT8UREI, BUREI. 

BU-SAIKU 7* > 4 9 -fc %& :z. (coll.) Bad work- 
manship; badly made; unskillful; ni di'kita, 
badly made ; na hako, a badly made box. 

BUSATA y'-f ft fll ^ ;^ (coll.) (otozure ii(ixhi) 
Remissness or negligence in visiting, writing, 
or sending word or inquiry, (used by \\-.\y of 
apology) : old ni </o itaahiniashitn, I have 
been a long time without coming to see you, 
or hearing of you. 

BUSEI 7*-b4 0^ (sukunashi) Not many per- 
sons or troojis ; few persons : fa.s<?/ ni tote- 
mo kanawnnn, a few are unable to contend 
with a multitude. 

IBUSHAMATO 7*^-V^ ^ ^L%^7 n. Shooting 
at a target with the bow. 

BUSHI 7* v' ${-%: (*<imnrai, mononofn) n. A 
cavalier ; one belonging to the military class ; 
a soldier. 

BUSHINJIN 7* ^ v & v |K fg /c? n. (coll.) In- 
fidelity ; unbelief ; not devout ; irreligious. 

BUSHITSUKE 7* y y >r 7^ || (coll.) Rude ; 
ill-mannered ; impolite ; vulgar. 
Syn. BUREI, snirsuRKi. 

BUSHO 7* 2^ -y ^ 7ft ffi Indolent ; idle ; lazy ; 
loafing ; slovenly : na mono, a loafer, lazy 
fellow. 

SyU. MONOOU8AI, MONOUI. 

BUSHO 7* v- -V ^ ^. ffi n. A general ; com- 
mander of an armv. 

BUSHUBI 7* ^=L tf 7 -g" ^ (coll.) Out of favor; 
disgraced ; disapproved : huku-saki ye wa de 



BUS 



49 



BYA 



kao ga dasarenn, as I am in disgrace with my 

employer, I cannot show myself. 
BUSHUKAN 7* $S=L U v 4$ ^ ^ n. " Buddha's 

fingers ;" the Bitrus sarkodactilis. 
Buso 7*U* ^ $&% (narubi nautili) adj. Without 

an equal, or match ; unequalled; unparalleled. 
BUSSAN 7* y $ v $5^ (hotoke-mairi) Visiting 

the temples, or graves, for worship : ni 

yuku. 

Syn. SANKEI. 

BUSSHA 7* y ^ V $7 ?|f n. A Buddhist. 
BUSSHI 7* v ^ $?ifj (hotoke tsukuri) n A 

maker of Buddhist idols. 
BUSSHITSU 7* ? S" y $fy % n. Substance ; 

matter. 
BUSSHO 7* 7 i' -Y # $5 $ft n. Gift of rice made 

to priests. 

:io 7* y i'-Y ^ $5 % ln. Buddhistic nature; 

i.q. divine nature : 7iefco mo ari. 
BUSSHOE -f y ^ -V at fa & n. The 

festival on the birthday of Shaka, the 8th day 

of the 4th month (o.c.). 

BURSAN y'yVs/ $7^ n. Productions; pro- 
ducts. 

HOKU -fy $/* 9 $fy& suru, to search 

for a person by his picture or likeness. 
Busso 7yf& &1& adj. Exciting commo- 
tion, tumult or disturbance; dangerous : na 

koto, commotion ; yo michi ga da, it is 

dangerous travelling by night. 

. SAWAOASHII, YAKAMASHIKI. 

7* * $ $ & n. The area or solid 
:tents of anything; (used only in arith- 
metic.) 

i 7*>^# $3$ adj. Disagreeable; un- 
pleasant. 

BUTA 7' jt Jgc n. A hog, pig : no niku, pork. 
Syn. IXOKO. 
BUTA 7* 9 7* 9 adv. (coll.) Fat ; corpulent : 

fittottf in/. 

BUTAI 7* * >f $ $ n. The stage of a theatre : 
'<;NM, to appear on the stage ; play in a 
theatre ; to have an experience of anything. 

KE,-RU 7*jr UA- ^ ^T P a88 - <> r Pt- of 
bnchi, (coll.) To be struck, hit, or beaten : bu 

nick by a club. 

-E.-BU 7*^-b^ caust. of buttu. To cause 
:, or strike : tmkamaett , 
he seized him and let (another) beat him. 

1IMERU 7* ? f- y H- See Inirhi-xhhnc. 

'-I 7 y * $ 7 J W&ft n - A 
morose, surly roimtenance. 

BOTO -/ \> *r HJS n. Dancing ; a ball : tco 
ntoydtn, to get up a dance. 

BOTO 7* h n. A kind of fly, gnat. 

BCTSO -/ 7 flfc (/io/o*) n. The supreme being of 
the I):i.i ; . lha, or Shaka ; Buddl 

}% the shrine or altar where the 
family idol and tablet \* kept ; bntsudo jff 
Bnddhixm ; religion of Buddha ; l,nt<u<l.~, t 
a ! |f the lan- 

guage of Buddha; a buddhist word; bv 

J^. the furniture or utcn nils used in 
dhint worship ; hnt$nji jf the worship or 

aid for the dead ; butiuji ^ a 

7 



Buddhist temple ; bntsuma P&J a room in 

which a Buddhist idol is kept, and where 

religious services are performed ; a chapel ; 

butsue ^c clothes worn by Buddhist priests ; 

butsue jjs pictures of Buddha; Budilhist 

pictures; btit^izo j| an image of Buddha; 

a Buddhist idol. 

BUTSU 7* y ^f See bnchi, to strike. 
BUTSU 7* y fy] (mono) n. A thing : bambutsu, 

all things ; icM , one thing. 
BUTSU-BACHI 7' y ttf ffi ?} n. Punishment 

inflicted by Buddha. 
BUTSU-BUTSU 7* y 7* y $> fifr adv. (coll.) The 

noise of water boiling ; bursting of bubbles ; 

grumbling: waki-tatsu, to boil up with a 

bubbling noise ; kogoto wo tu, to grumble 

and scold to one's self ; to iu. 
BUTSUOA y'yif %/}& (mukau kochira) Ex- 
ternal things and self; no kubetsu naxhi, 

making no distinction between things and 

one's self. 

BUTSUOI 7* y =^ $7 HI i.q. butsu-ron. 
BUTSU-GU 7* y f \%> <& n. Offering made to a 

Bud. idol. 

BUTSUKUSA 7* y 9 U* tu, to grumble. 
BUTSUMON 7* y ^ f f ffc P^ n. Buddhism : 

ni int. 
BDTSUEI 7*^ 9 % SL n. Nature; principle or 

laws of things; second causes. 
BUTSURI-OAKU $}$* u. Natural philosophy ; 

physics. 
BOTSURON 7* y p */ tyj ^ n. The common 

talk ; public opinion : byo-kyo, talked about 

by everybody. 
BUTSU-ZAI-SE 7* y & >f -fe '$ ^ ^ Whilst 

Shaka lived or was in the world : no toki. 
BUTTAI 7* y ft 4 $fy fg u. Matter ; substance : 

no gakumon. 

BDTTAOSU 7* y ft 7 x, See buchi-t<i<)ii. 
BUTTATAKU -? y 9 Z 9 See bachi-tntaki. 
BUTTSUKE 7* y ? ni in, to speak directly or 

to one's face. 

BDTTSUKERU -/ y y >r fl* See buchi-tsuke. 
BU-VN 7* # v 5^ if n. Military fortune, or luck. 
BUWAKE 7*7$* vP ^* Divided into classes ; 

urranged in classes ; percentage : tro mint, 

to classify ; to sort ; u-o torn, to receive a 

percentage. 
BOYAKU 7*-y^ R^ t5 n - Public service ren- 

d' red by the K>\\vr classes to goveniinent : 

ni der* t to go out on public service. 

Syn. YAKU. 
BUYOJIN v*-V^s?v *R ffl ' ( lic ed- 

less; negligent ; unnundful ; iinprovid u(. 
BUYO 7* a. *? ^ % n. Military valor, or 

courage. 

BCYU 7*3. <ft n. A gnnt. 
BYAKKO b'-Y^ ^ ^j J)^ (fMrollltMNW) n. A 

white fox. 

BTAKUDAN b'^f^y^ tj ft n - Sandal -v 
BYAKI-K i/Y^-^ ^J ^C (>' ') n - Tn O 

v. ',;;.. -.!,, .nt nned as an undress by the 
iihi ; any colon d ninlress ; also the clothes 

or Hhroud in which a body is dressed for 

burial. 



BYA 



50 



CHA 



BYAKUGO \fV2W & 3 n. A protuberance 
on the forehead of Buddhist idols, supposed 
to be the organ of omniscience. 

BYAKU-RAI t* "V 9 y >f 6 fj n. White leprosy. 
Syn. SHIHA-UATAKK. 

BYAKURI tf -V ^ 9 & $>] n. White mucous 
stools. 

BYAKURO ifY;7 7 7 & *i White wax. 

BYAKURO ifV ^ 7 7 & It n. Pewter. 

BYO tf# same as &<?**. Way ; appearance : sukn 
mo miezu, do not see any way of saving. 

BYO x<# $% n. A tack; a small nail with a 
large head. 

BYO ^$ M n - Imperial ancestral temple. 

BYO H" -V # $7 (yamai). Sickness; disease; 
malady ; illness. Used only in composition, 
as : byo-chu, *f during sickness ; while 
sick ; byo-gan, fy sore eyes ; byo-(jo, & 
(yamai agari) after a sickness; byr>->n, ft 
a hospital, infirmary; byv-ja, ^ a sick 
person ; a patient ; byo-jd, # a sick-bed ; 
bijd-ka, { a sick family; a house where 
there is sickness; byd-kaku, ^ a sick 



guest, or stranger ; a hospital patient ; byo- 
ki, ^ (yamai) sickness ; disease ; malady ; 
illness; byo-kon, ^ (yamai no nc) the 
origin or cause of disease; by<l-kn, ff 
sufferings or pains of sickness ; byu-mui, $fe 
calamity or misfortune occasioned by sick- 
ness ; byo-nin, A. a sick person ; a patient; 
byo-no, }$ sufferings from sickness; afflic- 
tion; byo-slti 56 death from sickness; a 
natural death; byo-shin, $% a sickly person ; 
an invalid ; byo-sho, ^ symptoms of 
disease. 

BYOBU H' Y # ~S ft M. H. A folding screen : 
isso, a pair of screens ; hanzd, one screen. 

BYO-BYO ^ ^ *< ty '$' '?!}' adv. Indistinct from 
distance ; scarcely to be distinguished, as any- 
thing on the distant horizon. 

BYO-DAN ,<i?jfi/ M$ n - The altar where 
ancestral tablets are kept. 

BYO-DO if "V i> 1 # ff- Of (tairaka-ni hitoshi) 
Even and equal ; just and equal : ni kuburu, 
to distribute equally ; ni mint, to make 
equal ; no kenri, equal rights. 



0. 



CHA f- -v ^ n. Tea : wo irete ki na, make 
some tea ^to a servant) ; wo niru, or wo 
senjint, to boil tea ; wo tateru, to make tea 
from the powdered leaf; wo iru, to fire, or 
roast tea ; wo hiku, to powder tea; wo 
tsumu, to pick tea; wo .leisnru, to prepare 
the tea for market ; wo tsumeru, to pack tea 
in boxes ; wofnrumaii, to serve out tea ; 
wo sonaent, to make offerings of tea ; kicai, 
a tea-party ; ni sum. to make light of, deride. 

CHA f--YT (vulg. coll.) Same as jda. 

CHABAKO <?**?,?? ^^| n. A tea-chest, or 
box. 

CBABAN i-*?;*^ ^ ^ n - A waiter in a restau- 
rant, or eating iiouse ; a kind of theatrical 
performance ; a farce. 

CHABATAKK f-YX^^- %.$! n.' A tea planta- 
tion, or a field where tea is grown. 

CHABENTO f-V^^h^ ^$$1an. A portable 
chest with drawers and furnace for preparing 
tea when on a journey. 

CHABIN f-^tfv $)K >> A tea-pot. 

CHABISHAKU f-^u'^Y^ ^"Cife n. A tea 
ladle. 

CHABO ^-Y^ 3^ g| n. A bantam fowl. 

CHABOKI f-Y^''>^ ^^n. A feather brush, 
used in sweeping up tea when grinding it in a 
mill. 

CHABON f-Yjjfv $ & n. A tea-tray. 



CHABUKURO f- Y 7' ^ n 2 n. A small 

hempen bag used for holding the tea in boil- 

ing it. 
CHABUNB +Vy'3* & J n. A flat-bottomed 

boat, with heavy gunwales, pushed by a pole, 

and used for carrying earth or heavy loads. 
CHADAI f-Y^M 2 If. n. A stand for a tea- 

cup ; a saucer. 
CHADAI f-Y^ ^. \\ n. A present made to 

servants, etc., at hotels and tea-houses : 

wo yarn, to give . 

Syn. SAKATE. 
CHADANSU f-Y^v:* ^$|^5 n. A cup-board 

for keeping tea and tea utensils. 
CHADASHI f-Y^f 

ing out tea. 
CHADO f"Y>*!> 

tea. 
CHADOGU * Y if V '/ %$g & n. Vessels and 

utensils used in making tea. 
CHAOAMA f-Y**-r ^: ^ n. A pot for boiling 

water. 

CHAGARA f-^^7 ^-^ n. Tea grounds. 
CHAGWASHI f-Y?*!?^ ^^-J" Fruit, or 

sweetmeats eaten with tea. 
CHAHOJI ^-Y^ x 7i^^^n. A vessel for heat- 

ing tea leaves before drawing ; a tea-firer. 
CHA-IRE ?-Y4 v ?$. \ n. A tea-caddy. 
CHA-IRI f- Y 4 } ) ^ '$ n. A pan for firing tea. 



A teapot for pour- 
n. The art of making 



CHA 



51 



CHI 



CHA-IKO f-^r>fw ^& n - Tea-color. 
CHAJAWAN f- -V f -V 7 ^ u. A tea-cup. 
CHAJIN f- ^ =? > 2 A n. A master in the art 

of preparing powdered tea; an eccentric 

person. 
CHAKASIII,-SU f- -V ^ *. $8 ff. t.v. (coll.) To 

hoax ; to befool ; to trick ; to impose on, banter, 

humbug. 

Svn. GURO SURF. A7AKERU. 

CHAKASU ^-^-fi^ 2 ; n. Tea grounds. 
CHAKI f--V^ ^H 11. Utensils for preparing 

tea. 
CHAKIN f- -y ^ v ^ r}? n. A tea-towel or 

napkin. 

CHAKOSHI f--y 3 S" %&$l n - A tea strainer. 
CHAKU f- -V ^ ^ auru, to arrive ; to wear : 

shidai, upon arrival ; as soon as lie arrives ; 
kon-nichi Tokyo kara shimashita, I arrived 
from Tokyo to-day ; haori wo suru, to wear 
a coat. 

Sjn. TSTTKTT, KIRU. 

CHAKDBO + "t 9 if. $$ $ n. The principal 

wife or mother of thu house. 
CHAKUFU ^-^97 % ffi Arrival at the capital. 
CHAKUGAN f- ^ 9 ii ^ % & n. Arrival in port ; 

lauding : sum. 
CHAKCGAN f- Y^tfv % $$. (me wo tsukeru), 

suru, to look attentively at, fix the eyes 
upon. 

CHAKUOYO f--V^^3 31 ftp ni naru, to 
arrive at (spoken only of the Emperor). 

CHAKCJITSU f- -V ^ i? y 3a *# n. Sober-minded ; 
thoughtful ; prudent ; not flighty or specula- 

CHAKUNAN f-V^^-v }$% n. The eldest son. 
CIIAXUKYO f--V*9 Jtjlijlt n. The eldest 
son's line, or descent through the eldest son 
of each generation. 

CIIAKUSAI f- -V ^ 1M $j 3 n. The principal 
wife. 

-SEN f- -Y ^ -fe v % flfc Ship arrival : fcon- 
'u itashimasldta, the ship arrived to- 

-sHi f-'Y^i' i-Jfj^- n. The eldest son ; 

in. SOUYO. 

SHU f"Y^ 5^^ ^fr^- tttru, to put the 
hand to, CIMIIUM -ncc to !>. 

-SON f-Y^yvi^^n. A descendant 

ilar line of the eldest son. 
CIIAKUTO f- Y 9 h # fl n. Arrival ; coming: 

$urn reach, come ; m 

ico hir<th(nt, take account of the number of 

ooolies at work ; rjnnzei no wo t*>> 

account of an army, of the chiefs, and their 

1- "V 9 3 ^ $ To wear ; put on : 
10 ico turn, to put on cl" 
CIUKCZA f-Y^y '<; (ftffcii) To sit 

<ke a n'Ht : si. 

+ -Y T tf n. i.q. cliagama ; (Tdkyo 
lect). 
CQAMAMK f-^r^r ^ n. A kind of confectionery 

made of b-uijH confH n it 
CBAMUBI f- Y > ^ 0. u. Kice boiled i 



CHAMISE f- ^ ^ ^ ^ u . A tea-house ; a 

shop where tea is sold. 
CHAN f--Vv (coll.) n. Father (said only by 

the lower cbissr-0. 

CHAN f- ^ v ^ JJ n. Tar ; resin ; pitch. 
CHANCHANROZU f- -y v f- -yv /-T 7 7f n. (vul. 

coll.) A Chinaman (from the resemblance of 

his head to a poprv capsule). 
CHANOFU f- ^ ) 7 &$$ n. A tea price-current. 
CHANOKO f- ^ ) =i ^ ^ n. Cake, sweet- 

meats, or anything eaten with tea. 
CHANOMA f- ^ ) * Qffl n. The dining room ; 

tea room. 
CHANOYU f--y ) =L ^^ n. Tea-making or tea 

party, (said only of powdered ten). 
CHAN-TO f-Yvh adv. (coll.) Well ; correctly ; 

straight ; right ; perfectly ; completely ; full : 

kimono wo suru, to settle, or rectify one's 

dress ; shita nari, precise, or exact in dress 

and behaviour ; sumi-nuishitu, it is com- 

pletely finished ; shite ore, sit straight. 

Syn. SHIKA-TO. 
CHAPPO f- -V y tf -^ j& (coll.) The cloth worn 

around the loins by women. 
CHARI f-^ ; n. A buffoon ; buffoonery. 
CHARI-BANASHI f- -y 9 ^-^ $s n. Humorous 

talk. 

CHARI-SHIBAI f"V 9 >^^>f n. Comedy ; farce. 
CHARUMERA f- -y * * 7 *$ y\ n. A trumpet, 

bugle : fuki, a trumpeter. 
CHASEKI f"V-fe^^l^n. A place where a 

tea-party assemblt-s. 
CHASEN f-Y-fev^l^n. A tea-stirrer made 

of bamboo. 
CHASHAKU f--V^-y^^^7 n - A tea-spoon, or 

ladle. 

CHASHI f--VSx ^ $ifj n. A tea-grower. 
CHASHIBU f- -V ^ / ^ j^ n. The deposit from 

tea, as on an old teapot or towel. 
CHASHITSU f-^^? 2&j5Cu. A tea-room ; a 

room for drinking ten. 
CHATEI f"Y7">f ^^n. A small building 

separate from the house for tea parties ; an 

inn. 

& n. A tea-house. 

v Offerings of tea 



CHATEN 

CHATO f- -y 9 ^ I 

made to idols. 
CHATO f- ^ h adv. 
CHATSUBO f- -V v ; j^ 
^CHATSUKI y -y ? 
CHATSUMI f- -V 5> 



Quickly. 

. & " A tea jar. 
n. A tea cup. 
^ ^S " A person who 
gathers tea leaves ii.-m me tree. 
CHATTO f- Y 9' ) adv (coll.) Quickly ; instantly; 

\\.-ll ; pi-rfectly. 

CHA-USO f"Y ^r ^ ^|^ n. A tea mill for pul- 
verizing tea ; a 

N f"Y !7 v ^<it n. A (<: rup. 
11 f'-Y'V 3^41 A tea-Rt.-ic. I.-M h 
eating Kaloon: /CM ri, frequenting ten-housea. 
i .N f--Y^v ^: g] u. A tea garden, or 

MEf--Y/> ^<^n. Dyedof a t< M c.'l<ir. 
: -KK f"Y'/y ^if n. A food mudti by 
mixing I'Oi u-a; lunch. 

ICiu + u. A fish hoyk ; i.q. ttv, , 



CHI 



52 



CHI 



fCrn f- n. Wind. Only used in compounds, 
as ko-chi, hayu-chi. 

}Cm + n. A reed or tall grass. 
Syn. KAYA. 

Cm ^ =f- (sen) A thousand : tose, a thousand 
years ; tabi, a thousand times. 

CHI f- n. A loop ; wo tsukeru, to fasten a 
loop to anything. 

CHI f- fcfc n. The earth ; a place or region of 
country; the blank space at the foot of a 
page : ten , heaven and earth ; to , this 
part or region of country. 
Syn. TSUCHI, TOKORO. 

CHI f> & n. Blood : wo haku, to vomit 
blood ; no namida, tears of blood ; wo 
torn, to take blood, to bleed ; no meguri, 
the circulation of the blood ; ga sawagu, 
derangement of the menses ; ga kttdaru, dis- 
charge of blood ; wo tomeru, to stop the flow 
of blood ; ga deru, it bleeds. 
Syn. KETSU. 

Cm + $1 n. Milk ; the breasts. 

CHI f- % n. Wisdom ; shrewdness ; cleverness ; 
knowledge : no am hito t a clever person ; 
mu , ignorant. 

Syn. KASHIKOKI, SATOKI. 

jCm f- adj. Contraction of toshi, year; used 

only in numerals, as htitachi, misoji, etc. 
CHIAN f- f v ;^ ^ n. Peace ; tranquility : 

wo samatageru, to disturb the peace. 
CHIAN-SAIBANSHO f-T^UM^i'S^a f 3? 3& 

i] ffi n. The Court for the preservation of the 

peace. 

fCniARE -f- T v n. A miscarriage, abortion. 
CHIBANABE i-jH- ^ $1 $ n. Weaning: tco 

shita, to be weaned ; wo sareru. 
CHIBARE-MONO f-Xvqe; n. A swelling of the 

breast. 
CHIBASHIRI.-RU f-^y/^ jfa ^ i.v. To bleed; 

to run with blood : chibashiru manako, blood 

shot eyes. 
CHIBI.-RU f- b* ** f i.v. To waste away little 

by little ; wear away ; grow less and less : mat 

nichi tsukatta kara toishimo hocho mo chibita, 

the whetstone and knife from daily use waste 

away; noki amadure de ishi ga chibita, the 

stone is worn away by rain dropping from the 

eaves ; chibi-fude, a pencil the point of which 

has been worn off. Syn. HERD. 
CHIBI-CHIBI f- b* f b* gjfc adv. Little by little ; 

a little at a time ; in small quantities ; in 

driblets : kane wo watasu, to pay money a 

little at a time ; sake wo nomu. 

Syn. SUKOSHI-ZUTSU. 
tCniBiKi f- b* * no ishi, a rock so large that 

it takes a thousand men to move it : no 

tsuna, a very strong rope. 
CHIBO f-tf^ 1rfn. Clever at planning; 

fertile in expedients. 
CHIBURUI f-^'^b & St. n. The shivering of 

lying-in women ; the cold stage of inilk fever ; 

dizziness. 
CHIBUSA i-y'-f $, jg. n. The nipple of the 

breasts : wofukumeru, to give a child the 

breast. 



CHICHI f-f- 5C n Father: haha, father 
and mother ; kata no shinrui, relations on 
the father's side ; nashi go, a child whose 
father is dead. 

Syn. TETEOYA, TO-TO, O-TOTTSAN, CHAN. 

CHICHI f- f- f I n. Milk ; the breasts ; a 
nurse : ga deru, the milk flows ; ga harn, 
the breast is swollen; wo amasu, to throw 
up milk (as an infant) ; wo nomaseru, to 
give suck : wo shiboru, to milk; kuxai, 
smelling of milk, babyish ; no haremono, 
abscess of the breast ; wo hanasu, to wean. 

CHICHI f- f- }|l g Tardily ; slowly : to suau- 
mu, to advance slowly. 

Syn. ouzu-ouzu SHITE, HIMADORITE, SORO- 
SORO TO. 

CHICHIKU ^ v 9 14 ^ sum, to ride or pur- 
sue on horseback. 

tCmcHiNOMi <f v } \ n. The fruit of the 
ichd. 

Syn. OINNAN. 

jCmcmwAKu NI f- v !? ^ ^ adv. Variously : 

hi to u-a in tnmo. 

CHICHO j"f- $ ftp SS (tachi motoru), *uru, to 
be slow ; to hesitate ; to delay : naku, 
without delay. 
Syn. CHCCHO SURU, TAMERAU. 

CHI-CHO-KAI f-f-^r*>f Mfc^*^n. The 
Mediterranean sea. 

CHI-DARAKE ^-^'7^* adj. Smeared with blood. 

tCniDABi f- j? i; n. A chimney. 
Syn. KEMURIDASITI. 

CHIDOME f- h* ^ ifo oL n. A styptic. 

CHIDON f- h' v ^ ^ na, slow to understand ; 
stupid; foolish. 

CHIDORI f- h* ; =f- .^ n. A snipe or plover : 
ashi ni arn/cu, to walk with steps crowing 
each other, as a snipe, or to totter; ni nu, 
to cross-stitch. 

CHIE f- at ^ ^ n. Wisdom ; intelligence ; 
talent ; cleverness; ingenuity: fukaki hito t 
a very intelligent person ; asaki mono, a 
person of little cleverness ; aru hito, a wise 
man ; no nai otoko da, a man of no talent ; 

o wa, a puzzle made of rings ; no ita, 
a kind of game or puzzle. 

Syn. KASHIKOI, RIKO, SAICHI. 

CHI-E *$-x. n. A thousand-fold. 

CHI-EN f- ^ ^ ^ ^ Delay ; to be late ; tardy : 

ni oyobn, to be delayed. 

CHIE-NO-HI f- je, } b n. Wisdom which, like 
fire, purifies the heart from passion and lust. 
(Bud.) 

CHIEZUKI.-KU fx.*? 9 i.v. To grow in intel- 
ligence, or knowledge : dan-dan chiezuite otona 
ni naru. 

iCmFURi NO KAMI ^ 7 9 ) U * n. The god of 
roads, who protects travelers. 
Syn. DOSOJIN. 

CHIFUSD f- 7 x. (Eng.) Typhus : cho , typhoid 
fever : hasshin , eruptive typhus. 

CHIGAE,-RU +&<-**' t.v. To make to differ, 
or different ; to dislocate ; to vary : koronde ude 
no suji wo , I fell and put my arm out of 
joint. 



CHI 



68 



CHI 



CHIOAI f- H b ain. Difference ; dissimilarity ; 
distinction ; variation ; mistake : wa nai, 
there is no difference; identical. 

CHIGAI.-AU f- if 7 ^ i.v. To be different ; to 
differ ; to be unlike ; to vary ; to be dissimilar ; 
to mistake ; to miss: nippon nofude to gai- 
koku nofude to wa masu, the Japanese pen 
differs from that of foreigners ; doko no kuni 
demo hito no kokoro wa chigawanai, in every 
nation the heart of man is the same ; iki , 
to miss in going ; sure , to graze in passing ; 
fumi , to make a false step ; hone ga , the 
bone is out of joint, or dislocated ; moku- 
teki ga , to miss one's aim ; to be disappo- 
inted. 

Syn. TAOATJ, KOTONARU, MACHIOAU. 

CHIOAI-DANA ^ifb^*-h ^ $! n. A shelf, one 

half of which is on a different plain from the 

other. 
CHIOAWASE,-RU f-y >'***' canst of chigau. To 

cause to differ, or be unlike ; make different ; 

to vary. 
CHIOAYA f- -ff -Y ^ n t A kind of rush, same 

as kaya, dog grass. 
CHIOI +*f :fc ff (hakari) n. A weighing 

beam, steelyard ; also a wedge let into a board 

to prevent it from cracking ; the cross-beams 

on the top of the roof of a miya. 
CHIOI f- *f fa jfa (kunitsu kami) n. Gods that 

dwell on the earth. 
CHIGIRE,-RO f-^vA* tyf $| i.v. To be torn, 

rent, broken : kimono ga chigirete sagatta, the 

clothes are torn and hanging down. 

Syn. XIRERU, YABrRERU. 

CHIGIRE-CHIOIRE f-^ixf-^vx Eft B$f adv. 
Scattered ; broken ; torn ; rent to pieces. 

CHIOIRI,-RU f- * A- W)_ty t.v. To tear ; to 
pluck off : kaki wo chigitte toru, to pluck off a 
persimmon ; kenkwa sundeno bfichigiri, (prov.) 
flourishing a stick after the fight is over. 

MUSHIRU, MOOU. 

CHIOIRI f- if 9 $2 n. An alliance, relation of 
marriage or friendship ; a union, compact, 
agreement, engagement : wo musubu, to 
make an alliance : to be engaged, affianced, or 
promised in marriage : shu-jit no kono yo 
nomi ni arnzu, the relation of master and 
errant is not confined to this world. 

Syn. YAKU80KU, KEIYAKU, MAJIWARI. 

CHIGIRI,-BU f-^/c fg (tenigiru) i.v. To form 
an alliance, or engagement ; have fellowship 
with; make a compact : hi to to clnijirn 
utuku chigirite tue woba togf-yn, in our in- 
tercourse with others, slight familiarity will 
conduce to long friendship. 

Syn. MAJIWARU, TAKU80KD SURU. 

HI-M -f-^9 * n. A cane. 
Syn. TRUK. 

CBIOO f- ^f %l fa n. An infant, child ; a page 
of the Emperor, or of a ]n 

Syn. WARAVBB, AKAV 

CBIOOBAMI -f- ^,; ? n. (lit. infant bite) The 
tile* infli . r'g nipple by nn in- 

fant: dr n<iijn>iin. 

CHIOO-OAO *=**#* n. i.q. otanagao. 



CHIGO-OI f- d* j- b n. The appearance of a 

person in childhood. 
CHIGWAI-HOKEN f- / 94 " 7 0r V &. tfeft H 

Extra-territorial jurisdiction. 

CHI-GYO f-^-Vi> fa ft n. The estate of a 
lord, or noble : wa sai-koku nite taka tea 
ju man goku, his estate is in the western 
provinces, and revenue one hundred thou- 
sand koku. 
Syn. RYOBUN, SHORYO. 

CHTHATSU ^ /\ y $$.% (kami wo torn) n. 
Tonsure ; shaving the head ; entering the 
priesthood. 

Syn. KASHIRA-OROSHI, TEIHATSU, RAKD8HOFU. 

fCniHAYA ^->N-V n. A kind of mourning coat. 
J-CHIHAYABURU f->N-V7';i- adj. A pillow word 

used with JSTami=far shooting. 
CHIHEI f- -^ J( ftfe, ^ n. The horizon (on land). 
CHIHIRO ^- b P n. A thousand fathoms ; very 

deep. 
CHIHO *f-,>Mi> ftfc^"n. Locality; local; district; 

province : kwan, the governor of a province. 
CHI-I J* 4 fcfcfi (same as i-chi) n. Degree; grade ; 

measure; station; pitch; point; position; 

extent. 
CHI-IN f- 4 ^ p ^ n. An intimate friend, or 

acquaintance. 
CHIISAI,-KI fMIM /h adj. Small; little; 

minute ; trifling ; of small importance : 

tnu, a little dog ; koe, a low voice ; toki, 

when one was little, or young ; kizu, a 

trifling wound ; koto, an unimportant mat- 
ter. 
CHIISAKU f- 4 -f 9 adv. naru, to become 

small ; suru, to make small ; nai, not 

little. 

CHIISO f->f-^i> adv. Cont. of chiisaku. 
CHI-JI -f- j? ^p ^ n. The chief magistrate 01 

governor ot a ken, han or fu. 
ICnui f- f- (a thousand thousand) Very many : 

no onioi, many anxious thoughts. 
CHIJIKAMARI,-RU 4"?"h -r ^ $f i.e. To shrink ; 

to contract ; to shrug up: sanukute chijika- 

matta, shrunk with cold. 
CHIJIKE,-RU f- f jr n- i.v. To bo curly, frizzled ; 

i.q. chijir<<rit. 

CHIJIKU +lr9 i^fe^i n. The axis of the onrth. 
CHIJIMARI.-RD ^ f-' -r *> 1t& i.v. To hhrink, 

contract, diminish in size, shrug up ; to bo 

corrugated ; to shorten. 

CHIJIME,-RU f-f-' * A, $& t.v. To cause to con- 
tract, shrink, lessen in bulk; to corrugate, 

wrinkle ; to shorten : inochi wo , to six 

life. 
CIIMIMI f-fj. fcjfi.v. To be contracted, win unk, 

corrugated, shortened. 
CIIMIMI f- f ? M n. A kind of corrugated 

loth. 

UK,-RU f- f ix n, ttf i.r. To b cr 

fri: : knini ;KI 

rrni, the Imir is curled; chijn 

woolly li . 

1- I'Tr *> l&'tri n. Foolish love, affection, 

or at 
Syu. 



CHI 



54 



CHI 



CHIJOKU f- >? 3 9 tf %}. n. Disgrace ; dishonor ; 
shame; opprobium : wo torn, to be dis- 
graced ; wo ataern, to disgrace another. 

Syi). HAJI, HAZUKASHIMCE. 

CHIKA f- -ft ^ (used only in comp. words) 
Near ; close by. 

CHIKADONARI f- -fj i* -j- 9 n. Near neighbor. 

CHIKAGATSUE *f- U 1f y x. :& jijl Hunger ; craving 
food. 

CHIKAGOBO <?- # =f n i(t '^H adv. Lately; re- 
cently ; of late ; latterly : wa hay art yamai 
oku, epidemic diseases have prevailed much of 
late; kita, came lately; katajikenai, 
much obliged ; ni nai mezurashii koto, not 
for may years such a strange thing. 

Syn. KONOAIDA, KIN-BAI, KONOOOBO. 

fCniKAGOTO f- -ft if ) n. Oath ; i.q. chikai. 

CHIKAI,-KI-KU-SHI ^- -ft 4 ijjr adj. Near; close 
by ; recent ; familiar ; easy ; alike ; about ; 
nearly: miehi, a near way ; chikakn surit, to 
bring near; chikaki toshi, in recent times; 
chikaki shinrni, near relatives ; ammari chi- 
haku yozarimasen, they are not BO near or 
much alike (of two words) ; mimi go. , sharp 
of hearing ; sen ryo chikaki, about a thousand 
ryo. 

CHIKAI f- # h $$ n. An oath, promise : 
chikai wo musttbu, to bind by an oath; chikai 
wo tatem, to take an oath; chikai ni somuku, 
to break an oath. 
Syn. PEIGON. 

GIIIKAI,-AU f- # 7 ty i.v. To take an oath ; 
to swear ; to vow, promise, covenant : ware 
mato wo imikaznmba chikntte kono ba wo sa- 
raji, I swear, if I do not hit the mark, I will 
not leave this place. 

CHIKA-JIKA f- % *? % ^^ (kin-kin) adv. Soon ; 
shortly; in a short tune ; before long : no 
uchi Tokyo ye mairimasu, I shall go to Tokyo 
soon. 

Syn. TOKARAZU, KINJITSU. 

tCniKAKi-MAMORi <f- # ^ v * 9 n. The Imperial 
body guard. 

CHIKAKU f-#^ ^p^ (oboe) n. Feeling; sen- 
sation ; sensibility : shinkei no chikaku wa don 
ni naru, the sensibility of the nerves is blunt- 
ed ; nashi, insensible ; without feeling ; 
apathy. 

CHIKA-MASARI f- # ^ -f 9 n. Appearing better 
for being near. 

CHIKAME f- # * $ ^ n. Near-sightedness. 

CHIKA-MICHI f- ^ $ f- n. A short road, near 
way. 

CHIKA-OTORI f- -ft $ }> 9 n. Appearing the 
worse for being near. 

CHIKARA f- -H 7 # n . Strength ; ability ; power ; 
force; authority; influence : chikani wo nraxo, 
to dispute about strength, trying who is the 
strongest ; kane wo chikara ni stint-, to rely on 
money ; wo yosern, to aid, assist ; clrikara 
wo tiwasnni,, to unite together with strength, 
money, or talent, in order to accomplish some- 
thing ; ni oynbit, to be able; wo tanoini 
to shite, depending on his strength ; wo 
tsiikusu, to exert all one's strength; ga 



ochiru, to be discouraged ; to lose heart ; to be 
disappointed ; wo ototu, to be disheartened, 
lose courage ; wo tsukeru, to encourage. 
Syn. KIKI, IKIOI. 

fCmKARA f- # 7 $fi n. Tax paid to government. 

ICHIKARABITO f- # 7 tf h n. A strong man ; a 
wrestler. 

CHIKARA-DAKE f-^^^^T^^u. A bamboo 
used to give strength, or carried by coolies to 
support a burden while resting. 

CHIKARA-OANE f-277-tf-f-T^^n. A buckle. 

CHIKARA-OAWA -f- -ft y -jf s^ %ft n. A stirrup- 
leather. 

CHIKARAOE 'f'liy'/ JJ^ n - The long hnirs 
on the arms, breast, and legs, supposed to 
indicate strength. 

CHIKARAOI ^-^^^T^^n- A weaver's beam. 
Syn. CEIKIRI. 

J-CHIKARA-GUBA ft % j f 7 n. Store-house for 
keeping rice-tax. 

ICHIKABA-GUBUMA ^ -ft "V $ ^ T n. A cart or 
wagon for hauling heavy loads. 

CHIKARA-KOBU f-^fa^'T^^n. The lump 
made on the arm above the elbow by the con- 
traction of the biceps-flexor muscle. 

CHIKARA-KURABE ^#7^7^ n. Trial of 
strength ; wrestling. 

CHIKABA-MOCHI f- -jj 7 ^ f- -ft ffi Trying or ex- 
hibiting strength by lifting heavy weights : 
wo sitrn. 

fCHIKARA-NO-KAMI ^- ^ J ) U \ ^ f'L 5^ " 

Formerly the superintendent of taxes and 
revenue in the Mikado's government. 

tCniKABA-sHiNE f- # 7 y^. n. Rice tax. 

f CHIKARA- SHIRO ^ -fi 7 ^ p n. Anything given 
in lieu of labor. 

CHIKARA-WAZA f- -fj 7 y ^ n . Work which 
requires strength. 

CHIKABAZUKI,-KU f- -ft 7 *J 9 t.v. To recover 
strength, regain health. 

CHIKABA-ZUKU -f- * 7 !/ 9 n. Through strength 
only ; depending on strength ; by virtue of 
strength : de koto wo snrti ; no koto. 

CHIKA-WABI ^- * ^ 9 n. The method of cal- 
culating the local expenses in proportion to 
the value of land. 

CHIKAWASE,-BU f- ^ >\ -fe * caust. of chikait. To 
cause or let another swear, or take an oath. 

CHIKAYOBASE,-BU f- -ft 3 7 -tt >\* caust. of chika- 
yoru, to cause or let another approach or draw 
near. 

CHIKAYOBI,-BU f- # 3 ^ r ^ i.v. To ap- 
proach, come, or draw near. 

CHIKAYOSE,-BU f- ^7 3 -b ^ t.v. To bring near, 
cause to approach. Syn. CHIKAZUKERU. 

CHIKAZUKE,-BU -f- * */ $r A* B^ t.v. To bring 
near, cause to approach, cause to associate 
with : kodomo wo aku-nin ni chikazukeru koto 
ic<t icartti, it is wrong to bring children near 
bad men. 

CHIKAZUKI,-KU f- -ft */ 9 5 ^ i.v. To come or 
draw near, approach, associate with : samtisa 
U dan-dan chikaziiku, cold weather is gradu- 
ally drawing near. 
Syn. CHIKAYORU. 



cm 



55 



CHI 



CHIKAZUKI f- -ft *J % ^ wfc n - An acquaintance, 
companion, friend. 

Syn. TOMODACHI, HOYtJ. 

CHIKEI f- p 4 ifcjfc (tochi no katachi) n. The 
shape or contour of a country. 

CHI-KEMURI f- ^ j. >; ifa n. Vapor which 
rises from blood: chikewuri tatete tatakau. 
^ f- $* ^ P JL n- Knowledge. 

CHIKEN f- >- ^ * ^ n. A deed for the sale 
or transfer of land. 

CHIKJ f- ^ p ^, n. An intimate acquaintance, 
friend. fcyn. CHIKAZUKI, HOY0. 

CHIKIRI f- $ 9 $ n. A weaver's beam. 

CHIKIRI-JIME f 4 9 S* > 8$ i n. A piece of 
wood let into two boaru>-> to bind them to- 
gether ; a wooden clamp. 

tCniKiiu KOMI-UI f-* 9 2n> A 9 n. The white 
bonnet worn by women at funerals. 

CHIKKTO f- y %. 3 f fg n. Confinement in one's 
own house for some offence : saseru, to im- 
prison in one's house. 

!1. OSHI-KOME, HEIMON, YENRTO. 

CHIKKDRI + ? 9 y adv. (coll.) A little, in time, 

e, or spnce : magatta, a little bent. 
CHIKO + 3 $fc $f n. A person of small stature ; 

a dwarf ^chisago. 
CHIKO f- -ft $ (cont. of chikaku: see chikai) adv. 

gozarimasu, it is near. 
CHIKO f- 'a n. A priest whose duty it is to 

entertain the visitors at a temple. 

Syn. SHIKA. 
CHIKOBU f- 3 7* n, (coll.) A bloody tumor, 

aneurism 
CHIKU + 9 |gjg *urw, to ride or drive (a 

horse). 
CHIKC f- * V r (Mfc*) s. Bamboo, mostly used 

in compounds words. 
CmKrBA f ^ /{ Vj-,% n. A bamboo horse ; stilts : 

no tomo, a playfellow. 

CHIKUBI f- ^ b ' ft B| n. The nipples ; teat. 
CHIKU-CHIKU f- ^ f- ^ adv. (coll.) Pricking; 

sticking : itai, a pricking pain ; sum, to 

prick, stick. 
CHI KUDAIU f- 9 # \) -f & (^fcetiu) n ; A 

bloo'ly flux. 
CHIKUFTMIN f- ^ 7 i? v V/ ^ A n. A flea trap, 

made of split bamboo. 
CHIKC-HAKU + 9 >^9 *tf & n. Record. 
CHIKU-ICHI -f- 9 4 + ^ adv. Minutely ; par- 
larly; each and *-vcry one : nthoMOiM 

v .tell every particular; 

nt ihitchi itathimashita, I understand all 

irticulars. 

. KCWASniKIT. IHAI-NI, Kill-l, HI. 

CHIKORIH f- 9 9 * Vr ft n. A bamboo-grove. 

Syn. BAKA-YAltr. 

' 9 *4 ~<89J( n. A beast, animal. 
CHi-Kt-HAi-Ki-Kr-sin +9t* adj. Sm. 
Ik : younp 

+ ** a$^C (dan-dan) ni, BUC- 

' ^ ^ Vf tt n. A comic newspaper, 

f * i' Vj- & n. A very thin kind of 
paper made of bamboo. 



CHIKUSHO f-^i^^ "?an. A beast, brute, 
animal. This word includes also birds and in- 
sects : barami, giving birth to a litter, or 
triplets.. 

CHIKUSHODO f-^^-Y^^^ ^4aSu. A 
place of torment in the Buddhist inl'ernum. 

CHIKUTEN f- 9 T * al ^ Absconding : ,??/n/, 
to abscond ; to run or flee away ; kitni wo 
sum, to abscond from one's country. 
Syn. NIOERU, SHUPPON SURU. 

CHIKW'AN f 9 V ^ a j^ sum, to delay, 
procrastinate ; to be tardy, slow. 

CHIKUYO f- 9 * 7 ^ ^ n. Wine ; ardent spirit ; 
sake, 

Syn. SABA. 

CHIKYO f- >r 7 J&i$ n. An isthmus. 

CHIKYODAI + * *t % # 4 $1 fa '& n - One 
nursed by the same nurse, or at the same 
breast ; foster brother. 

CHIKYU f- ^ # ^, J# n. The globe ; a terres- 
trial-globe : no zu, a map of the world. 

CHIMAKI f- -r ^ ^ n. A kind of rice cake. 

CHIMAKI f- ^ ^ u. Wound around with the 
chi grass. 

CHIMAME f- v ^ n. A blood blister. 

CHIMAMIRE f- T 5 ix 3fa jf*. Smeared with blood. 

Syn. CHIDARAKE, CHIMIDORO. 

CHIMANAKO f- -r ^ a fa Hf< Blood-shot eyes, 

or eyes reddened (as with anger). 
CHIMATA f- ^ ^r ^ n. Forks of a road ; a street ; 

a town ; a place : kasscn no , a field of 

battle. 
CHIMATSURI f- v 7 9 ?fj u. The offering of the 

blood of the first one of the enemy slain in 

battle to the Kami, to insure victory. 
CHIMAYOI f- T 3 b rfo. ^ n. Deranged in mind 

from rush of blood to the head. 
CHIMBA f- v/\ fc (coll.) Lame: fcafa , lame 

in one leg. 

Syn. BIKKO. 
CHIMBIKI f- v t* ^ *ft ^ n. (coll.) Spinning 

cotton thread by the job. 
CHIMBO f- Vjtf n. The male member (used by 

children). 
CHIMBOTSU f- >tf y $i%(ikinimi int) turu, 

to be subiiicr^rd ; to In- n>>t, ruined, destroyed. 
CHIMBU f- v/ ^^j| (tori-shizumeru) uru, 

to calm, subdue, s t -ttle, quell. 
CHIMBOTSU f-^7*!X & tyn (mezunuhii mono) 

n. A rare thing; unusual and excellent; a 

curiosity. 
CHIME f- x n. Eye rod from inflammation ; 

conjunctivitis. 
CIIIMI f- 5 Jgl^ n. An elf, satyr, dryad, 

nynipli >f tin f 

1 ^ i(fe^ (earth f (><!) n. Food pro- 

ilu itself without human labor 

.nci.-nt liction). 

i' TI n. Smeared with blood. 

; ^ 'r 9 %'-) adv. Abridged ; con- 
d< n in miniature : to 

ulnt.i ;/(/ i,' dn, a Kinnll and neat house. 

1-^j-i- <$ ft n. (coll.| Carrying 
goud or burduu* of uuy kind by the job. 



CHI 



56 



CHI 



CHIM-MOKU f-vqe? '&$* Taciturn; silent; 
reserved. 

Syn. MOKUNEN. 

fCniMOBi f-^9 n. A watchman, policeman. 

JCHIMOTO f- ^ h (a thousand stems) A mul- 
titude. 

CHIMPI f- ix b" E$? $(, n. Dried orange peel. 

CHIMPO 1-z/itf*; ^ ^ n - Bare and valuable 
things ; precious things ; treasures. 

CHI-MYAKU i~ \*t 9 n. The veins of the earth, 
in which pas is supposed to circulate. 

CHIN f- v ^ pro. I ; me. Only used by the 
Mikado, when speaking of himself. 

CHIN f> V {$ & $f n. A small pet dog. 

CHIN f- v iljpi (fe/) n. A small summer-house 
or saloon used for pleasure or amusements ; 
an arbour. 

CHIN f-v ^ n. Hire; fare; wages : tana-chin, 
house rent ; fitna-chin, boat hire, or freight ; 
tema-chin, price of labor ; da-chin, fare for 
transporting on horseback ; iin-chin, freight, 
fare ; ion hnrau, to pay the hire. 

CHINA f- + j fj|l n. China. 

tCniNA f-* ^-g -- m trtfcw, to have one's 
name noised abroad (generally on account of a 
love affair). 

tCHiNA f- + n. The foot-stalk, or peduncle of 
a flower or fruit. 
Syn. HOSO. 

CHINAMI f- -j- 3 $$ n. Connection ; relation ; 
alliance ; cause ; reason : wo musubu, to 
form an intimate alliance. 
Syn. EN, YUKABI. 

CHINAMI-NI <j- + \ n gj adv. To take the op- 
portunity, in connection with, or apropos to 
this subject : sen-koku ikusa-banashi no uchi 
ni uma no koto ga arimashita ga, sono , uma 
no koto ico kuwashiku o hanashi mushimaxu, 
as there was something said about a horse in 
the war-story just told, I will take the occasion 
to speak about the horse. 
Syn. TSUIDE-NI. 

CHIN-ATSU f- v f y j$ lj sum, to put down, 
suppress, quell, subdue. 

CHIN-CHIN f vf- v (vul. coll.) de tru, to be 
jealous ; intimate, loving, spooney : kamo- 
kamo de iru, to be spooney. 

CHINCHO f- v f- u fy ^ g n. Happiness ; 
bliss : urti, to prize, value highly. 
Syn. KEKKO. 

CHINDAI f-v^M $1 rf n. A garrison. 

CHINDAN f-v^r*^ 5^ f (mezurashi banashi) n. 
News ; rare and excellent story. 

CHINDEKI f-vr* $, (shizumi oboru) n. 
suru, devoted to, immerged in, addicted. 

CHINFU f-^7 Et^ (furukmai) na, trite; 
common ; net new : no setsu, a trite saying. 

CHINGEN f- v-j*v j^ -f f/uru/t fcotofca; u. A 
trite or common saving. 

CHINGIN f-v^v -^ ' urw, to speak to 
one's self, soliloquize: ikaga sen to suru, 
" what shall I do." he said to himself. 

CHINOO +^3 ^ ^ (shizume mamoru) suru, 
to govern ; to guard and keep in subjection ; 
to tranquilize. 



CHINJI 'f- z/ $2 $; ljp. (mezurashi koto) n. A 
strange thing ; uu wonted ; uncommon affair ; 
(generally in a bad sense). 

CHINJU f- 2/ $? =L $g 2f- (shizume mamoru) The 
presiding or guardian deity of a place : 
suru, to garrison; fn, a garrison. 

CHINJUTSU f- v s? =1. v E^a^ (mushi noberu) 
suru , to state, tell, relate : sho, a written 
statement, memorial. 

CHINKEI-ZAI f-v$r>flM ^ j& ^] n. (med.) 
Antispasmodic medicines. 

CHINKI f- v ^ ^ H n. A rare and precious 
utensil. 

CHINKI f- v ^ T ^ (Eng.) n. Tincture : f <?fsw 
chinki, tinct. of iron ; fukuho , compound 
tincture. 

CHINKIN f- v^ v ^ ^L n - Wages; hire. 
Syn. CHINSEN. 

CHINKINBORI ^v^V7jf9 v^^^n. Carved 
and gilt work ; chased gold work. 

CHINKO -f- v ^ ^ ^ ^ n. Delicious (said of 
tilings eaten with s/c). 

CHINKO f- v u i.q. chimbo. 

CHINKWA f- v ^ 7 ^ ^ *uru, to be extin- 
guished, as a conflagration : xitru. 

CHINOMICHI, f- ) \ f- & a|t n. Blood-vessels ; 
dizziness ; rush of blood to the head ; head* 
ache ; circulation of blood, (only used of wo- 
men) : (}d okoru, to have dizziness. 

CHINOMIOO + } \ zf ft ^F" n - ^ suckling ; an 
infant. 

CHINORI f- ) 9 ftfefi] n. The strong, advan- 
tageous, or important strategical places of a 
country : ten no to/a tea ni shihazu. 
Syn. TOOAI. 

ICHINORI + } 9 n. no t/u/ct, a quiver capable 
of holding many arrows. 

CHINOWA f- ) y n. A ring made of the tall 
grass called chi, supposed to protect against 
the plague. 

CHINBETSU f- w y W.^] (narabe sonaeru) 
suriz, to arrange, put iu order. 

CHINBIN f- v '; v '$L'&) (shizumi shizumaru) 
Euiu ; destruction ; perdition (Bud.). 

CHINSATSU f- v^ ? $&%%. suru, to poison : 
kill with poison. Syn. DOKUSATSU. 

CHINSEI f-v-fe>f $$ ^ suru, to subdue, 
calm, settle. 

CHINSEN f- v -te v ^ j& n. Hire ; wages , 
money earned. 

CHINSETSU f-v-bv $ $% (mezurashi hanashi) 
n. News : nan zo wa gozarimasen ka, is 
there any news ? 

CHINSHA f- v v'-v jj$ ^ (mdshi-wake wo suru) 
sun/, to explain, or plead in one's defense ; to 
apologize. 

CHINSHI f- v ^ $. ,*g (fofcu to kangaeru) 
suru, to think deeply, consider w^ll. 

CHINSHIGOTO f ^ ^ d 1 h ^f f ^ n. Work 
done by the job or piece ; job work. 

CHINSHO f- v ^ 3 J^ "^ (mezurashi shomotsu). 
A rare and valuable l>ook. 

CHINSUI f- v x. >f $. g^E rw, to be intoxi- 
cated ; dead drunk. 
Syn. JUKUfcUi, MEIIEI. 



CHI 



57 



CHI 



CHIXTAI f- v .* >f $| J. n. A governor or chief 

civil magistrate formerly appointed by the 

Shi'.'fjnn to Nagasaki. 
CHIXTEI f-V7M $1 3L sum, to settle, re- 

is, subdue, quoll ',as an insurrection). 
CHINTSU f- v y $ $j|7ii (itawi shizume) n. (ined.) 

Anodyne: zj, id. 
CHINCRI,-RU f-5? ^ t.v. To smear with blood; 

consecrate with blood. 
CHIXUSHI f- * j, n. A wet-nurse. 

:. UBA. MKXOTO. 

CHIN/A f-vr* $R]. To dwell, as a 7;amt in 

u HU//<I : musliiinasH. 

CHIXZKX f-v-i/v j J}g n. Delicacies; dainties. 
.:." f-vf-'^ j*& n. Valuable property: 

A-OMO /JU jfi/ mi;-, 1 1* hi ujino de gozartmasu, 

tliis book is the exclusive property of Mr. . 
CHIXZDKI f- ^ y ^ ^ f ^ u - Cleaning rice by 

ob or quantity 
CIII.NZURU f- v ; ;u' [j To state, relate, nar- 

rate, explain : ni kotoba nakaru beshi, you 

cannot deny it. 

Svn. NOBERD, TSUOURU. 



CUIPPOKE f- 7 ,-tf T (coll.) na, small ; little ; 

diminutive ; tiny. 

CHIKABARI,-RU. f- 5 ,*** i.v. To be scattered. 

CHIRA-CHIRA f- 7 f- ? adv. In a nickering, flut- 

tering, or scattering manner , twinkling ; daz- 

zling: yuki ga tofuru, the snow falls with 

a fluttering motion. 

CHIRAHORA f- 9 * 5 adv. Few; dispersed; 
scattering : yuki ga ochiru, the snow falls 
in scattered flakes. 

CHIRAMEKI,-KU f- 7 * 9 i. v To flutter, flicker ; 
to move with a quick jerk ; to flap, whisk ; to 
scatter. 

CHI-RAX f- 7 v ; Jjjl, (oawuru midareru) 
Tranquility or disturbance ; peace or war; or- 
der or ri.it. 

SHI f- 7 9 ^f a( j v . A glimpse, glance ; a 
short transient view or sound: to win/, to 
glance at ; to kikii. 

CHIRASHI,-SU f- 5 * Hfc t.v. To scatter ; to 
disperse : kaze ga hunn wo fuki-chiraxit, the 
wind scatters the flowers; liibfinn ic<> rhir,i*lnt? 
they fought making the sparks fly. 

The act of scattering; 
dispersion. 

CEIBATSCKI.-KU f- 9 7 9 flj i.v. To flicker ; 
to twinkle ; to be dazzled ; to flutter : Jtoithi //a 
twinkle; v I,, , the 

light flickers in tho wind , ///-//; <\ < 
ga , the eyes are da/ 
sun ; yuki ga , the snow falls in a Hut; 
mm IIRAMBKO. 

+ 9 fck*2 n. Geography: /u>, book 

<, agcogra] 
f- * Hi i.v. To be scatt' 

-ipated: nwf pa , tl, 
preads (as in p. 
the red leaves of autumu are h^ 
AKZUBU. 



CHIRI f- 9 ffl n. Dirt; rubbish; litter; dust; 
a little ; least bit ; (met.) for the busy world : 
wo Jmrau, to clean away dust ; yo no , 
the affairs or things of this world (Bud.) ; 
tsumorite yama to naru, dust piled up be- 
comes a mountain ; ni tsugu, to study an- 
cient books ; no hoka iii oru, to live se- 
cluded from the world. 
Syn. GOMI, AKUTA. 

CHIRI f- ; ^ jfij n. Chili (country). 

CHIRI-BAKARI-MO f- 9 /\^ 9 adv. With a neg. 
not as much as a grain of dust=not the least ; 
not a bit, or mite. 

CHIRIBAME,-RU f- ; ,-? jt /u $f t.v. To carve ; 
to engrave ; ^ to ornament by inlaying with 
gold or silver : kin wo , to inlay with gold; 
azusa ni , to carve in blocks of azusa (for 
printing). 

Syn. HORU, YERU. 

CHIRIBAMI,-MU f- 9 ^ * i.v. To be covered 
with dust ; become dusty. 

+CHIRIBOI,-U | f- 9 tf 7 i.v. To be scattered ; 

tCHiROBOi j i.q. chirnbaru. 

CHIRIQAMI ? l ) if $!!$%, n. A kind of coarse 
paper made of the rubbish of a paper mill. 

CHIRI-HARAI f- ; ;N J b ^ ffi n. A dusting 
brush. 

|CniRi-Hui ^- 9 b ^ n Dust : wo fcazu ni 
wo aranu ware. 

CHIRI-JIRI f- 9 ? 9 }& fc adv. Scattered ; dis 
persed : m naru, to be scattered about. 

Syn. BARA-BARA, SAN-ZAN. 

CHIKIKAI,-AU f- 9 * 7 t.v. To fall in confu- 
sion ; to be scattered, as flowers blown by the 
wind. 

CHIRIKE ^- 9 j^ ^ n. Nape of the neck. 
CHIRIMKN f- 9 * v ftg $$ n. Crape r ^oro, 

mousseline de laine. 

CHIRISHA f-^^^itfe^^fn. A geographer. 
CHIRI-TORI f- 9 ) 9 J|| Jfc n. A dust pan. 
CHIRIZDKA f- 9 -/^ n. A dirt-heap; heap of 

dirt. 
CHIRO f- n T> 3fa "<|j n. (med.) Menorrhagia. 

Syn. NAOACHI. 

CHIRO-CHIRO f- p ^ o adv. In o flickering 
manner; with a short, irregular motion 
moent, to burn in a slow and flickering manner. 
i CuiRoiii f- n >; j@ ii n. A metal pot for wann- 
ing mil;,-. 
CIMUYAKU f- 9 -Y ^ ^[fBfcn. Disci-: 

dom and i>lanning, or contriving. 

CHIUYOKD f" f / ^f # n. Intellect ; 

ncc ; inti'lh'Cluiil power. 
Syn. 
>4 f-^ ^^ n. The ancient form of 



\oo f-'fr =f n. A dwarf. 

\s ^--tf v i5 ^ (oaofcw mat'ru) *un/, to 

niiiK. 

, T o -f -9- h -f- * n. A di 
' f* -te -f Afc<& Ur/<i n<> ikioi) n. 'I'lin 
ad\ : a region, as for military ]>ur- 

CniHKEi ^- * * *%}$ ifccts of go. 

luoat 01 uUuiiuiatration upon a country. 



CHI 



58 



CHO 



CHISHA f- Sx^r ^ ^ n. A wise man ; a saga- 
cious or ingenious person : vio sen ryo ni 
isshitsu art, even a wise man will sometimes 
err. 

CHISHA f- Ss ? g ^ n. Lettuce. 
Syn. CHIRA. 

CHISHI f- jx ^ 'jjr (tsnkae wo itasn) sw, to 
resign office. Syn. JISHOKU. 

CHISHI f- jx ft ^- n. Bental of land paid in 
kind. 

CHI-SHI f- s" f{ ^- n. A child. 
Syn. OSANAGO. 

iCmsHiBU f-v>7* n. Petroleum. 

CHISHIGO f- sx =f p 5 3$ n. Foretelling the 
time of death by a diagram. 

CHISHIKI f- ^ ^ p |j& n. A learned priest 
(Bud.); knowledge. 

tCnisHio f- >> -ft adv. Thousand times or fold ; 
exceedingly; very: kurenai, very deep 
scarlet. 

CHI-SHIO f-^ifc jfa ^ n. Blood. 

CHI-SHIRU f- s^n- ^ vt n. Milk. 

CHISHITSU-GAKU f-axytf^J&lf^ 11 - Geology: 

s/fa, a geologist. 

CHISO f- y ftfefJt n. Land tax. 
Syn. NBNOU, CHIZEI. 

Cmso ^ V # |fe ^ n. A feast, entertainment, 
amusement, pleasure: wo mini, to make a 
feast; kyaku ye ni geisha wo yobu, to call 
a ballad-singer for the amusement of guests ; 
oki ni go ni nnriinaxhitti, I have greatly en- 
joyed your entertainment ; dan-dan go nt 
ai-narimashite hatajikfnuku z<uijiw>isuru, I 
am much obliged to you for often being enter- 
tained by you. 

Syn. FURUMAI. KYO-O, MOTENASHI 

CHISO f-U- 1> ftff 5 n. The strata of earth. 

CHISOKU +y 9 a^ a^ (ososhi hayashi) Slow 
or fast ; tardy or quick ; rate of moving , velo- 
city. 

CHISOKU f- y ? fa fc (taru koto wo shim] n. 
Contentment ; satisfaction : suru, to be 
contented. 

CHISSHI, CHISSURU f- y ^ >u |J i.v. Imprisoned 
or confined to the house for crime. 
Syn. CHIKKYO. 

Cmsso f- y y g f n. Nitrogen. 

CHISUJI ^-^-f jfn. ^& n - Family line ; lineage : 

ga txitznite irn. the family line is unbroken. 
CHITAI f- jt 4 $$ ffi (todokoru) n. Slowness; 

delay; procrastination ; tardiness: luikn, 
without delay ; promptly and in time. 

CHITCHOKU f- y ^ 3 ^ ^ p sum, to pro- 
mote or degrade: kwanri wo suru. 

CHITSU -f- y ^ n. A cover, or case for books 
(in the manner of the Chinese). 
Syn. FUMAKI. 

CHITSU f- ? ^f n. (med.) The vagina. 

CHITSU jo f-y^a ^^ n. Order; regular 
arrangement ; good order : shakwai no wo 
midasii. 

tCniTSUKE f- y >r n. A wet-nurse. 
Syn. UBA, CHOMO. 

CHITSUKE f- y >r u. One who gives temporary 
suck to an infant. 



CHITSUROKU f- y o {f %k ^ n - ^" ue capitalized 
pension of a samnrai : kosai-sho-sJio, Gov- 
ernment bonds of . 

CHITTO f- s> h /h^: adv. A little in quantity or 
time : bakari kiidasaimase, give me a little; 
o machi-nasari, wait a little ; mo hayaku 
ynke, go quick, without delay. 
Syn. SUKOSHI, WAZUKA, ISASAKA. 

fCmusHi ^ $ *, n. A cow that gives milk ; 
milch cow. 

CHIWA f- y jSi !$ n. The bantering, sportive 
talk of lovers ; flirting : chiwa-genka inu mo 
ktnnnwiutu, a dog even will not interfere in a 
love-quarrel. 
Syn. IRO-OURUI. 

CHIWA-BUMI 3~V 7* $ $fc^ n. A love-letter. 
Syn. iRo-BUJti. 

CHIWA-GURUI f- 7 / n- b # ^ n. The banter- 
ing, sportive or jesting of persons in love with 
each other ; flirting. 

|CHIWAI,-AU f-vN? i.v. To prosper; to be 
favored or blessed. Also t.v. To bless, felici- 
tate ; i.q. sachiicnn. 
Syu. SAIWAI SURU. 

ICuiwAKi f- y ^ n. Passing through anything ; 
making emu's way through a jungle by pushing 
aside the bushes. 

CHIWARI.-RD ^- 7 A- i.v. To flirt, coquet ; to 
banter and jest with each other : fiifu ga chi- 
n-iitte int. 

CHIYO f-3 ^ ftfei^: (nshiki shirase) n. A sign 
or omen of calamity proceeding from the 
earth tensui komo-fjomo itaru. 

CHIYOGI f- 3 * =f- \\ %. n. The pine, sup- 
posed to live a thousand generations. 

CHIYO-MASE f- 3 T -b. May you live a thousand 
yeara=" lon^ live the king." 

CHIXAIHU f- >' 4 >^t? *.vW <i n - Laws or pro- 
cedure relating to criminal cases ; criminal 
process. 

CHIZEI f--tM *,? n. Land tax; ground-rent. 

CHIZU f- / Jtt $ u. A map, atlas. 

iCmzt-KA f-y^; n. Lit. a thousand sheaves; 
for an indefinitely large number. 

CHO f- -V i> By n. A town ; a street ; a division 
of a street; a measure of length=60 ken,= 
358 Eng. feet, or ^ stat. mile ; also a land 
measure of 3,000 fxi<6o=108,000 square feet. 

CHO 7- ^ n. Prostitute quarter. 

CHO 7" 7 $ n. Dose of medicine; a powder: 
k nan ri tun . three doses of medicine. 

CHO "f *? *? ^Jt. "&. A register, account-book, 
ledger : ni tsukeru, to enter in an account- 
book ; to register. 

CHO + *t # $^ n The numeral for guns, ink, 
candles, poles, hoes, etc.: teppo it , one 
gun, a piece of cannon ; snmi san , three 
sticks of ink ; rusokit ni , two candles. 

CHO f--v ^ 1% n. The intestines : slid , small 
intestines : dni , large intestines. 

Svil. 1IYAKUHIRO, HARAWATA. 

CHO 7" ^ ^ n. Morning: seki, morning 
jnul evening; myu , to-morrow morning ; 
saku , yesterday morning. 
Syn. ASA. 



CHO 



59 



CHO 



CHO 7" 7 $| n. A butterfly. 

CHO f- -V T n - Numeral for sedan chairs : 
A-(7f/') .SYJH , three sedan chairs. 

CHO f"Y j$ An even number : han, even 
and odd numbers. 
Syn. ou. 

CHO f- -V -^ (nagai) Long; old; senior; 
chief; principal; eminent; superior: sum, 
to grow, increase ; shi-s]ii wa hynku-ju no 
nari, the lion is the chief among beasts ; sake 
mi hyaku yaku no , wine is the best of me- 
dicines. 

'. OSA, KASHIRA. 

CHO f- -Y i> gg n. A court ; a government office, 

as kfjicho, fucho. 

CHO f-^t^ ^ (kiku) Hearing: suru, to hear. 
CHO-AI ? -Y # T ts 'fti -* n. Book-keeping ; 
balancing or comparing account-books ; to 
audit accounts : no shikata. 

Syn. CHO^TEN wo HIKI-AWASERU. 
CHO-AI f- 3 f >f H ^ (itsukushimi) Love; 
affection: sum, to love ; to be fond of. 

Syn. KAWAioARr, AI-SURU. 
CHOASHI T 7 7 " !$* Pp n. Butterfly-legs, as, 

i table with legs like a butterfly. 
CHOBA f-V $ >? T #! n. The ground, field, or 
sphere where one labors (spoken mostly of 
laborers); also a stage or distance between 
restinp-places. 

CHOBA -f-W't *& $& n - The place or office 
where the ;iccouuts and account books are kept. 

AMI f- 3 $ ,t I n. Dice. 

CHOBATSD f $s?9 gfc ffl n. Punishment by 
imprisonment. 

' f $ tf $! & adv. Morning and evening. 

. ASA- HAN, CHo-SEKl. 

1 7~ ft '* & ffliiS n - A view, prospect, 
landscape: suru, to look at a landscape; 
kono ynma no wa yoi, the view from this 
mountain is fine. 

MI-WATA8H1, NAOAMB. 

CHOBO f- 3 tf % n. A dot, point, speck ; also 
a numeral for a string of twenty-one very 
small fish called thira-uwo : 100 ntsu, to 
make a dot. 

1 + 3 # ft ^ (mM7ij'?sM7?oru) urw, to 
>e, enlist (as troops, laborers, etc.). 

game played with dice; 
irlii. 

' + J ?*rtf tlli n. Account book : 
k keeper. 

" + i tf <9- j it )i adv. Dotted ; 
sound of t ;,' of raiudropB : ama- 

' ga ocli i 
Syn. HI. 

' : >' * + ft fll n - A kind of 
gamblinr :)idicu: tro *ini. 

I<T/ U i). A kin.lof s- i) 
by a beggar who goes about beating a wooden 

xf-Y^^v^^in. A ringleader, 

i 

-, chief o: 

w'n, a ringlead>-r. chief. 
Syn. uono-xix, KASBUU. 



CHOBUKU 7- 1? y* 9 1^ i^ n. Enchantment, or 
incantations used to bring evil on an enemy : 

suru, to use incantations in order to injure 
an enemy ; no inori, incantation. 

Syu. NOROI, SHUSO, 

CHOBUTSD +W?y & tyg n. That which is 
superfluous, needless, unnecessary. 

Syn. MDDAMONO, ZE1BUTSU. 

CHOBYO f- -V ^ b* -V $ & $j (naga-yayiai) n. 

A long and chronic disease ; a severe sickness. 
CHOCHAKU ^-y^^y^ Jft $p (coll.) turn, 

to beat, whip, strike, thrash : kodomo wo 

suru, to whip a child. 

Syn. UCHI-TATAKU, BUTSU. 

CHOCHI 7- ^ f- f^^p sun/, to spy out. 

Syn. UKAGAI 8H11UT. 

CHOCHI-KAN f- 3 $ f- ^7 v *& ^ g; n. House of 

correction ; a reformatory. 
CHOCHIKD f- 3 f- ^ f.ift "^ (tahuwae), un/, to 

store up, treasure up, lay by: ginko, a 

savings-bank. 

CHOCHIN f^f-^i&^n. A lantern. 
CHOCHO or CHOTO f-'Vtrl'W ^T^T adv - The 

sound or appearance of striking ; clashing ; 

noisy: utxu; kirn. 
CHOCHO 7- 7 7- 7 ^ ^ dv. Garrulous ; noisily : 

to ronzuru, to dispute noisily. 
CHOCHOSHII,-KI-KU f 7 7" 7 v- >f adj. Talka- 
tive; loquacious; garrulous: ano hi to w<i nma- 
ri chochdshii kuchi no kiki yo da; clwchushiku 
suru. 

CHODAI *? \-tyjF J T^ "^ suru, to give; to 
receive from a superior ; itashi-tni. I would 
like to have this; kono lion wo narimasen 
ka, will yoii give me this book ? 

Syn. ITADAKU. MORAU, HAIRYO. 

CHODAI f--V^^-f ^^n. A curtained 
bedstead ; a higher seat for honorable persons. 

tCnoDAi f"Y^^M fflj ft n. An onicer or 
superintendent of u ward, next below a na- 
nitahi. 

CHODAN ^Y^^'v -^ $fc (naga banathi) n. 
Long talk : nno hi to no ni wa komaru, au- 
i by his loim-talkiii". 

-f- -V 9' > *> & ^ n. A chest or 
bureau iii which account books, or registers 
are kept. 

CrioiiATSu f- *} if y |^i$ guru, to makeup 
or collect together a sum of nidiey : hniniirhi- 
jn ni idi i iiinn darn </<"'(/<//*); :r<mu, 

I must to-day make up ton thousand dollars. 
Syn. TOTONOKKTT, SAIKAKT 

j >% n. t'len-ils; lliinps suit- 
alile f.>r the |.ui IM.SC, as : tnli no , ai: 
to he used in traveling; i/o/c iri <> , in : 

essary for a l-rnl.- ;-iiiK r t<> the house of 
hi-r boibaild : :'No, l.,,\v ft] 
o f* <r i* >{. 

riht; it 
ootiK' ;;; ! :it the i i^'ht time. 

T ^ ff .% af A narrow pat h. 
' V * $ tt ifl (uied.) The auditory 



CHO 



60 



CHO 



CHOEKI j-tyia* '<jt'& n - A convict. 

CHO-EN f- 3 $ * ^ J& & n - ( m ed.) Inflam- 
mation of bowels ; enteritis. 

CHOETSU y ^ ^ y $ft f (mamieru) suru, to 
have an audience with the Emperor. 

CHOETSU j--ty ^.y ^g suru, to transcend, 
surpass : #a/cu, transcendentalism. 

CHOFUKU f- 3 # 7 ^ S ^ (kasanarn) suru, 
needlessly repeating or doing anything over 
again. 

CHOGA f # -ft ^ ^ n. Congratulating the 
Emperor, as on the birth of a son. 

CHOGAKU f- 3 $ -ft* ^ If; *J n. Mechanics. 

CHOGI 7" # =1- $flti n. Decision of the govern- 
ment. 

CHOGIN f- -Y # =^ v T Ift n< A silver coin 
weighing 37 momme. 

CHOGO j- ty if 7 f$ - n. A prescription; making 
up or compoundiug medicines : ba, a place 
where patients are prescribed for ; suru, to 
compound medicines. 

CHOGUN f # / is g $. n. Eminent ; excelling 
others ; preeminent. 

CHOGWAI j~ ty 9 y 4 ^ft* Erased from the 
register; not written in the register: goku- 
raku-zumai no mono, one whose name is 
not written in the book in which the name of 
the inhabitants of heaven are recorded ; 
mo-no, a vagabond. 
Syn. MUSHIKU. 

CHOHAI 7- $ s\ 4 fjf ft n. Congratulating the 
Emperor, as on new year's day. 

CHO-HAN f- 3 $ s\ ^ "$.$= n. Odd and even ; 
gambling : suru, to gamble. 

CHOHATSU f- Y ^ ? -fr fg n. Long hair ; the 
hair suffered to become long in parts that 
should the shaved. 

CHOHATSU f- 3 # ^ y ^ (mesarete deni) 
suru, to levy on the property for public service. 

CHOHEI 3- ^ ^4 ^ %$ Paper-money. 

CHOHEI f- 3 ^,f $.&.n. Enlisted soldier; 
conscript : ra, conscription laws. 

CHOHEI 7- # -^ J ^ ^f ozuru, to receive a 
summons or invitation to court. 

CHOHO f- 3 ^ s\f? g $ Convenient ; useful ; 
serviceable ; precious : na mono ; suru, 
to value. 
Syn. BENBI. 

CHO-IN 7- ^ >f v H $y (in wo osu) suru, to 
affix a seal, or signature. 

CHOITO <f-z J }> -$ (same as c/ioo) adv. 
For a moment, instant, little while : o mise 
kndasare, let me look at it; o yori nasai, 
come in for a moment. 

CHOJA ? -v i> 5? -Y -^^ n. A rich man ; one 
in good circumstances: tomi ni akazu. the 
rich man is not satisfied with his riches. 

CHOJI f- ^ ^ & T 3- n. Cloves. 

CHOJI f- -v i? ^ jt suru, to forbid for a 
season ; to stop ; cease temporarily. 
Syn. KINZURU, TODOMUBU. 

CHOJI,-RU f-Y ^ ^f;u ^ t.v. To grow long or 
large, grow up; to increase; to excel, become 
great, surpass ; to be more and more addicted 
to : bun-gei ni , to excel in literature and 



polite accomplishments ; aooi ni , to be 
more and more fond of pleasure. 

Syn. NOBIBU, OKIKUNABU, 8UGUBEBU. 

CHOJI-AWASE.-BU f--V#a?7^-b^ ^T^* i-v. 
To plan together; to agree upon a plan. 

Syn. SUDAN SUBU. 

CHOJI-GASHIBA f- ^r !> =? if ^ y The charred 
soot, resembling a clove, which forms on the 
wick of a lamp. 

W (nagai hi) n. A 



ft (kasane-gasane) adv. 

very many : medetai. 

(me-ue) n. A superior 



CHOJITSU f- -Y 5? y 

long day. 
CHOJO f-^^r^ 

Over and over again 
CHOJO 

in rank. 
CHOJO f-^#25-y# ^Jb.n. The highest 

point ; the summit, top : yama no , top of a 

mountain. Syn. ITADAKI, ZETCHO. 
CHOJO f-^i>^3 ^-^rn- Eldest daughter. 
CHOJU f--Y#5?3. -:^n. Long life. 
CHOJUTSU f-asJa-y ^fo wrw to write or 

compose a book : s/ia, an author, editor. 
CHOKA f $ -jj *$[%(. (lit. morning house) The 

country of Japan, as used by a Japanese=my 

country : no tame ni inochi wo otosu, to dio 

for one's country. 
CHOKEN f-Y^^v -$3 n. A long-sleeved 

coat worn by a huge. 
CHOKEN f # p v ^ J^ (mamieru) suru, to 

visit the Emperor. 
CHOKIBUNE -f-g^y^-^^^n. A kind of 

small and fast river-boat. 
CHOKIN j- 3 ^ ^ $ (takuwae-gane) n. Money 

which is treasured up, or laid by t azukari' 

dokoro, post-office savings-bank. 
CHOKIN *f ^ ^ */ ^ (san-dai) *uru, to go 

to court ; visit the Emperor. 
CHOKIBI f- -y ^ ^ 9 ^ ^ n. Erasing the 

name from the town-register. 
CHOKKAKU f-3^#^ ^^ n - (mat.) A right 

angle: sankaku, a right-angled triangle. 
CHOKKAN f- 3 9 U ^ ^|f (tadachi ni isamu) 

suru, to reprove a superior to his face. 
CHOKKEI ^ 3 ^ >r 4 jj{?n. Diametre ; calibre. 
CHOKKI f- 3 y ^ n. (derived from Eng. jacket) 

A vest, jacket. 

CHOKKUBA f- 3 ^ 9 y adv. (coll.) Just ; merely ; 
in a light, easy way : itte kurn, will come 
in a moment ; dashite mini, just look and 
find it (as a word) ; itte miyo, just take 
out and see. Syn. CHOITO, CHOTTO. 

CHOKO f *j a # $fl ^f (mitsugi wo tatematsuru) 

suru, to pay tribute. 

CHOKO j-*? 3 T> O^f^ n. (med.) The symptom 

of disease ; sign ; omen. 
CHOKO-CHOKO f- 3 a f- 3 a adv. (coll.) Fre- 

quently ; often : mairimasu, to go frequently. 

Syn. SHIBA-SHIBA, TABI-TABI. 

CHOKOKU *f*>^9 Ify #] n. Carving ; engrav- 

ing ; sculpture : shi, an engraver, carver, 

sculptor. 
CHOKOZAI f- 3 3-^>f (coll.) Pedantic; affected; 

having only a smattering of learning ; pre- 

tending to learning : na yattu. 
Syn. KOSHAKU, KUTASU. 



CHO 



61 



CHO 



CHOKU f- 3 ^ n. Dressed vegetables. 

CHOKU f- 3 9 $i u. A small cup for drinking 



CHOKU f- 3 ^ ^ (tadashii) Straight; right; 
just ; upright ; honest : na hito, an honest 
man. 

CHOKU f* 3 & $fy Imperial; relating to the 
Mikado ; imperial command. 

CHOKUCHO f-3^f"V^ tflffi * (med.) The 
rectum. 

CHOKUGAKU f- 3 ? -ff 9 $h %% n. An inscrip- 
tion or name presented to a miya or tera by 
the Tfnthi. 

CHOKUOEN 3 ^ y V j^tT n. Spoken truly, 
or in a direct or straightforward manner, to a 
superior. 

CHOKU-GWAN-JI f- 3 9 >? 7 ^ & %hl&3r n. The 
temple where a Mikado is buried. 

CHOKUJO f- 3 ^ f-*^ # $7 n. Mikado's or- 
ders, or edicts. 

CHOKUJU f-3^s?a %j fe n. Imperial gift, 
as a sword, cloth, etc.: no shina. 

CHOKUKAN ? 3 ^ 2r J' JJ!L t$* n. Open, direct 
advice, or remonstrance 

CHOKUKYO f-3^^3 ^|^pn. Imperial per- 
mission. 

CHOKUMEI ? 3 ^ > >f $7 ^j- n. Imperial com- 
mand. 

CHOKUMEN f- 3 ? * v ^ftfen. Imperial per- 
mission or grant. 

CHOKUMON f- 3 ^ * v $7 $j n. Enquiry of the 
Emperor. 

CHOKUN f- 3 9 v $f ^f n. The heir-apparent 
to the throne. 

SIN f- 3 ? ~ v $7 $: n. An official ap- 
pointment directly from the Emperor. 

CHOKCRYU | f- 3 9 9 $ JL 5l n - Standing 

CHOKCRITSU j erect or straight ; standing up- 
right. 

CHOKUBAI f-3^1M $r 3 n. Imperial deci- 
sion: 7CO rtO</n, t<> n-quest . 

PSEN ? 3 ^ -b v $; lig n. Chosen by the 
Emperor. 

CHOKUSEN f-s^-fev^frgn. Imperial order, 
or command. 

CHOKUSEN f-3^-tev 2 #& n - (mat.) A right 
line ; straight line. 

CHOKCBETSD f-a^-te? JL $ n. Direct ; im- 
mediate. 

CROKUSHI f- 3 9 ^ Iftj $. n. Imperial ambas- 
sador. 

CHOKURHO f-g*^3$fr^n. Mikado's letter, 
or c 

CHOKOTO + j ? * 7 ft %. (Tenthi no kotae) n. 
The answer or reply of the Tenthi. 

CHOKUTAJTO f-a^-y^ ittffn. Literal trans- 
lat; 

WA f-a^^*7 Jf^- (omofct toga) n. A 
nous crime ; felony. 

*A T 9 J^ i (upiru) <ru, to 
ed, sorpMS, go beyond : ynnyii yu$hitiu 

:. KOKBU. 

CHOKWAN f-Y ^ ^ 7 v ^ *g" n. The chief of- 
ficer or head of a department of government ; 



CHOKYU f- -V ^r ^ ^ -^r X (nagaJcu hisashii) A 

long time ; eternal ; ever : /M/;I. 
CHOMAN f- -v ^ -r v H^ ^ n - (med.) Dropsy of 

the abdomen; asciiis. 
CHOMATSUOUMI f"Vi>v5'5'*^ n. The name 

of a bird ; a species of fieldfare (Turdus fus- 

catus). 
CHOMBORI f- 3 v*T 9 adv. A dot, speck; the 

least quantity: svzuri ni mizu wo irete hu- 

dasai, just give me a speck of water on this 

inkstone. 
CHOMEI f- 3 * 4 ^ H^ (akiraka) na, clear; 

plain ; manifest ; evident. 

SVH. MEIHAKU, ARAWA. 

CHOMEI f t? * 4 |fl ^- n. Imperial command. 

CHOMEI f- -V * 4 &$ (naga iki) n. Long- 
life. 

CHOMEN f-Y^^v^^n. An account-book, 
register, record-book, ledger. 

CHOMOKU f- -Y ^ ^ ^ .% Q n. (lit. bird's eye) 
A small cash, from its resemblance to a bird's 
eye; money. 

Syn. OWASHI, ZENI. 

CHOMON f- -y # qe v ft f^ sum, to listen to ; 
to attend, as preaching, or a sermon. 
Syn. KIKU. 

CHONA =f $ * ^ n. An adz. 

CHONAI f- -Y ^ * 4 WT ^1 (maclri no uchi) In the 
town : fcono hito wa watakushi no ni ori- 
masu, this man lives in the same town with 
me. 

CHONAN f--Y#-*-j" -^H n. Oldest son. 

Syn. CHAKUNAN, SOKYO, CHAKUSHI. 

CHONETSU f- -Y ^ ^ ;tH ^ n - (med.) Exacer- 
bation or increase of h \t r. 

CHONIN f--y^^v B^A n- Towns-people ; 
citizens of a town ; common people ; not a 
samurai. 

CHONO f ty } n. i.q. chona. 

CHOPPORI f- 3 ?tf 9 [adv. (coll.) A little; small 

CHOMBORI f- 3 v ^f 9 j in quality or size : 
bana, a little nose. 

CHOREN -f- f ^ vv |$ j^ n. Drill ; parade ; 
military exercises: *uru, to parade; to 
march ; gnnzei wo suru, to drill an army ; 
6a, parade ground. 

Syn. 80REN, JINPATE. 

CHORI f-V^r 9 -fe ^ n. Name given to an 

eta or hi-iiiu ; in vultf. col. ch<~>rimb~>. 
CHORI f--V#9$&J.n. A horse doctor. 

Syn. BAI, HAKURAKU. 

CHSRIN T !> 9 ^ ^ ffr Eminent ; excelling 
others. 

Syn. BAKKUN, ZKTRU-RIH. 

CH6R6 'f-V^^^ *jn- The superior in a 
monastery of the Zen sect of Buddhists ; an 
elder. 

CHORO T n $ ^^ * urM * * niake sport 
of; to qu ko a fool of; to treat uith 

irony ; to rnock, ridicule, jmr : ////< iro 

8yn. AZAKKRD, OITIU) HURIT, NABURO. 
CnOROKAHD f- 3 * -. 

KTOKWAI f"Y^9'*/r >^ 7>f 

^ n. The Presbyt ich. 

,OKO f"Y^9a^ 47>n. Gravitation. 



CHO 



CHU 



CHORYU f- 3 ; # $% & sum, to stand still ; 

to stand on tip-toe. 
Syn. TSUMADATSU. 

CHOSA f- -V ijr D* $$ ^ awrw, to examine. 
CHOSAI 7- # -9* >f $/] ^ n. Imperial judgment 

or decision. 
CHOSAI 7-*; IT 4 jll ffi (tos/u ?o fcosu) To pass 

from the old to the new year. 

Syn. OTSUNEN. 
CHOSAIBO T-WJ^V n. A fool, dunce : hito 

wo ni suni, to make a fool of a person. 
CHOSAKU f- 3 -f p ^f n. A composition : 

suru, to write, or make a book. 
CHOSAN f-3#-9-vj|f.H.n. A holiday on the 

third day of the third month (o.c.). 
CHOSEI 7- -b 4 $ftifk. Imperial government. 
CHOSEI ^^C'-b'if & ir (xhinuru) sun/, to 

die. Syn. ZEIKYO, SHIBO. 
CHOSEI f"Y^-b>f & %. (naga-iki) Long life: 

suru, to live Jonv. 

CHOSEN v" i> -fe v $fl $ n. Corea : chosem-bi, a 
kind of grain something like millet. 

CHOSEN-AZAMI f t> -fe v f $* 5 u. Artichoke, 
Cyuara scolymus. 

CHOSHA f- 3 j^ ^f 4f n. An author (of a book). 
Syn. CHOJUTSD-MX. 

CHOSHA f- *t ^ -v -^ ?ff (ro<?-u<?) n. A superior : 

wo uyaniau beslii, we should respect our 
superiors. 

CHOSHI +*t*jls & % ('<7<>) n. Eldest son. 

Syn. CHAKURHI. 80RYO, CHONAN. 

CHOSHI 7- $s $fc ^- n. A kettle or jug used 
for pouring s/.<'. 

CHOSHI 7"& 3s *$ -$ K' Tone of voice, or of 
an instrument; tune; (fig.) spirits : hazure 
no koe, a voice that does not chord with others ; 

ga hazureru, to be out of tune ; wo mni- 
seru, to chord ; to put in tune; ga ?<<;//, 
spirits are bad; to be out of tune; ya ku- 
rutte iru, to be out of one's mind. 

fCnosHi-GASHiwA *f fy 2" if v' >N n. The box in 

which musical instruments were kept. 
CHOSHIN T^v-v^gn. A servant or min- 
ister of the Emperor. 
CHOSHIN 7- # ^ v |^ ^ (totonoe snsnmuru) : 

snru, to prepare and offer to a superior. 
CHO-SHIN-KEI f- -v *?.*> ^^4 It $ $3L n. (med.) 

The auditory nerve. 
CHOSHO 7-^ S^-Y^ ^S If (maneku) suru, to 

invite, call. 

Syu. SHODAI. 
CHOSHO f-3s^3^Wn. A book, publication ; 

literary works : koxltiden wa Hirata no mm. 
CHOSHO f-3T>Sx-v^ g|g (omode) n. A severe 

wound. Syn. ITADE. 
CHOSHU f-a^jxa.^ j&jfc (kiku mono) n. 

Hearers ; audience. 

Syn. CHO-MON-NIN. 
CHOSO f- -Y ^ y g ^ n. Ascending the throne 

the second time. 
CHOTAI-SOKU f--v ^ ^? >f y ^ ^:^C ( t> A long 

sigh, deep sigh. 
CHOTAKU 7- .* ^ ^ ^ (migaku) sum, to 

polish. 
Syn. TOOU. 



CHOTAN ^y^;^>' -^ ^ anru, to heave a 

deep sigh. 

Syn. TANSOKU, NAGEKU. 
CHO-TAN f- -V ^ ft v -j^ ^ (nagai mijikai) Long 

and short. 
CHOTEI 7- # 7- >f fj| ^ n. The Imperial court; 

the Emperor. 
CHOTEI f- -Y i> f 4 ^ |T (kasane tadasn) Going 

over a book or writing, in order to correct or 

improve. 
CHOTEKI 7-^7-^ %% $C n. A rebel ; an 

enemy of the Emperor; a traitor to one's 

country. 

Syn, MUHONNIN. 
CHOTO f- -v h -g- % (naga michi) n. A long 

journey. 
CHOTO f- ^r ^ h 4t (same as chdcho-to) adv. 

Sound or appearance of cutting and thrashing. 
CHOTTO f- 3 y h -^f (same as choito) adv. 

(coll.) A little while ; n moment. 
CHOTSUGAI 7'7>'-^'b^^n. A hinge, joint. 
CIIO-YA f-flr-V ^ I f (knmt shimo) The govern- 

ment iind people: tomo ni odoroku. 
CHOYA 'f- -V V> -V -^ ^ (na^a yd] n. Long night. 
CIIOYAKUNIN f- -V i> -V ^ ^ "Wj" t$ A. " Town- 

ofticer; ward-officers, including nanushi, tua)ii- 



CHO-YO f- -V # *. ty ftbh (otona kodomo) n. Old 

and young. 

Syn. ROJAKTT. 
CHOYO f-3#-V#$Kgrn. A holiday on the 

Uth day of the ( .)th month (o.c.). 
CHO/.KN 7- 1> -tf ^ ^ ^ (urioru katachi) adv. 

Sad; sorrowful manner: tansoku sxrn. 
CHOZD 7* T^ '/ ^- ?]<. n. Water used for wash- 

ing the face or hands : uo tsiikan, to wash 

the face or hands ir aunt, make water. 
CHO/UBA 7- *? *S >* ^"^^ A privy, water- 

closet. 

Syn. KAWAYA, 8ETSU-IN, KoKA, HABAKARI. 

CHOZD-BACHI =f- 1? +f ,St- ^- ;]<. |$ n. The basin 
of water for washing the hands kept near a 
privy. 

CHOZUME f- -V T> '/ ,* n. Sausage; a pudding 
made by stuffing an intestine with meat. 

CHOZURU f--Y^^C^ -^ i.v. See clwji. 

|CnO f- ij n. Cancer of the breast. 

CHO f- # ^ (nak<i). Middle; centre ; middling 
in quality; medium; in; within; during; 
whilst ; in the course of ; throughout : jo 
ge, superior, middling, and inferior ; koku , 
in tho country. 
Syn. MANNAKA. 

CHU f - ij r} (osora) n. Empty space; air: 
wo tonde niijeta, flew away; ni bnrnrito 
xagatta, hung dangling in the air; cJulntiri wo 
suru, to ride in the air ; ni agaru, to ascend 
in the air. 

Gnu f- * n. Fidelity to a master ; patriot- 
ism ; loyalty: iro t.<uku*u, to be faithful 
to the utmost; [jen muni ni sukarij, faithful 
words are unpleasant to the ears. 

Syn. MAMKYAKA. 

CHU f - # |i n. Commentary; notes: wo 
kuku, to write a commentary on a text. 



CHU 



63 



CHU 



CnC f- 1> % swji, to kill a criminal or a 
guilty person ; to slay ; to punish with death. 

Syn. KOROSU, TSUMINAU. 

CHU + $ | n. Day; day-time: chu-ya, day 
and night. 

Syn. HIRU. 

CnCBATsu *f-tr,fy |^ ^ n. Punishment: 
sum, to punish with death ; to slay. 

Syn. TSUMISURU. 

Cnuuu + t> 7* *f vft (naha no tokoro) n. Mid- 
dle part. 

CHO-BU f- 1> -/ *f n. Hemiphlegia. 
Cnccno f- f- 3 $$ ^ ** to hesitate; to 
be in doubt or uncertainty. 

Syn. TAMERAU, YfYO SURU, GUZU-GUZU SURU. 

CnPDG ~1-$jf$ *f ag (nafca mic/ii) n. The 
mean ; medium ; halt-way ; in the midst of, 
or while doing anything : ni shite hai-su, 
to give up when only half done. 

>KU 'f- 1? h* 9 tp fjt n. Poison, or affected 
by something eaten. 

~>RI f- # j? $ 9 xf ^ n. Medium quality ; 
just medium. 

CHIGEN f- / y ,*%= n. Faithful words. 
CHUGEN f-^-/v -f 4 Pa] n. Inferior servants of 
the famurni. Svn. ORISUKE. 

Mf-$yytf7cn. The 15th day of 
the 7th month ; the middle of the year, and 
last day of the Feast of Lanterns (o.c.). 

i f-#^ & f n. Fidelity; patriotism; 

loyalty; allegiance: wo tsuknsu. 

CnCoo f- n* # *f If n. The same as clinga. 

7- nV ^ pj n. The eight central 

viuces of Japan, viz., Harima, Mimasaka, 

hn, Bingo, Aki, Suwo, Nagnto. 
osnG f- rf ^ -y # *f ;J> cj n. The name 
MU oflicc-r who walks next to a noble in 

out. 

c f- 1> / tj* 'g n. The Empress, queen ; 
wife of the Tenslii. 

\ f- \J> ^\ v xf* sjt na mono, a thing 
that will not fit anywhere; either too long or 
too short : na monoshiri, a half-learned 
person. 

1-$^*' g fit (hirumcshi) n. The 
noon meal ; dinner. 

fy '^fy ^ \% (naJta-dachi) n. A me. 

. CHCNIW, KAKAUPO. 

+ V 4 *f* ^ ( rail -) n - Lieutenant. 
1 ^ ^ 'f Vi Sr " Care ; heed ; attention ; 
mru, to be attentive ; to give heed. 
Syn. KI wo xsuKF.nu. 

:N- f- 4 v ^ PI n. Tho period of 49 
days' mourning. 
ICnOji, CHOZOBU + 1 1> * A- t.v. To beat, whip, 

IKI *tf* $^ (Airii-mM%t) n. The 
noon meal; dinner? chn-]\>\n. 

* + $ v v *f* A* n. A person of the mid- 

lin^circiunstuncl. 
'V l?'V <> *}* >Kr n. A military nfTioor 
or gcner nk next below toihr^ an- 

ciently ! into tnkonc no clif<j<~> and 

itkone no chfijd. 



1> 3? ^r ^ *f >f^ (fto/i-o?-o ??o HC/U) n. The 
heart, mind : IPO toro surw, to speak un- 
reservedly. 

CHP-JUN ^ V *? =L v xf tij (m/irt 7JO M-/;a). 
Tho middle decade of the mouth, from tho 
10th to the 20th day (o.c.). 

CHU-KA f- T> # x^ g n. The middle of summer ; 
7th month (o.c.). 

CHO-KAI f- # /f |i gf A commentary, anno- 
tation : sum, to comment on, to explain 
with notes, illustrate, annotate. 
Syn. TOKI-AKASHI. 

CHUKAN f- # * y tp p q ^ (aida) n. That which 
is between ; tho medium ; the mean ; middle 
in quality or degree. 

Cnu-KAX j-t??y+/ *f ^ Same as chujun. 

CHCKAN f- ^ ^ v * H n. Faithful reproof 
from a servant ; mivuv or remonstrance. 

CHUKEI f- $ ? 4 ft ^ fa n. A kind of fan 
carried by priests or nobles, also attached to 
presents sent by the bride's parents to the son- 
in-law. 

CHUKI + $ % ^ ^ n. Palsy. 

CHUKIN f- # ^ z/ fc ^ n. Loyal cr faithful 
service. 

CHUKO f- 3 *j -^- (nn/i-a mukashi) n. Middle 
ages ; the time previous to the usurpations of 
the Shoguns. 
Syn. CHVYU. 

CHCKO f- ^ 3 # tj ^l (nakatabi-okorn). Re- 
storation to power ; restored to authority : 
?io kimi. 

CnOKo 1-y-lj-fj ^ ^ n. Bed-chamber: no 
koto tco inbekardzii, 
Syn. NEYA. 

CHUKO f- ^ * ^> * z^: n. Fidelity to a mas- 
ter, and obedience to parents. 

CnTKOKU f- > a ^ K!> -^i* n - Advice : *urw, 
to reprove, or advise, as a faithful friend. 
Syn. IKEN, sus; 

CHOKON f-A>3v ^, ^ n. Loyalty; fid. 
patriotism. 

CuC-KWAi f- # ^ 7 >f \| <> n. A prrshytoiy. 

CHCMITSD f- ^ ' ^ pj -^ n. JM, dense; close 
together; .//nAo , n douse population. 

CHOMOKU f- ^ ^ ^ ; I] ( J<? '" ^-n^ni) 
to look nt with atti ntidi. 

CHOMON f- # ^e v ^|' f 1 ] n. The inner door, cc 
gate- way of a court. 

CHOMON f- ,> .-g >- ? t ^ n. An order for \- 
turn, to Bend an order for goods ; c/n". 
an order book. 
Syn. ATSURAK. 

fCnOMOBno f-^A^-Vi> *f^-Vr ". Tli.it 
drpartnu'iit in the ^OV.TJUII. n; \\lrcli liad tho 
::ol -if nil tho household iiffniis nnd iittcn- 
danls nf lli. Miha.lo. Tin' rhirf (.Ilicrr was 
rni; and was si'l.ctnl from tho 

Imp. rial fimiilv. 

fCiiONAOON +ty + -fy ty fa ~5 n. Th.' nanif 

of ;u . tin- Milindn's (,,int next in runic 

..f tin-council of stiite. 

CnOsp.x -f- i llo ago of life. 

i THD + t> * y *J fa n. (me 1.) Sun-strokc ; 
insolation. 



CHU 



64 



CHU 



CHUNIN f-^^v^A 11 - A middle-man ; me- 
diator; go-between. 

Syn. NAKAUDO, AISATSU-NIN, ATSUKAI-NIN, BAI- 
SHAKU, KUCHI-KIKI, CHU-HO. 

CHUNORI f- fj ) ; *gj 3fe n. Walking in the 
air ; a play-actor who appears to walk in the air. 
CHU-O f- 1) y f? ^ $* n. The centre, middle. 

Syn. NAKABA, MANNAKA. 

CHURIKU f- # >J 9 '&%& sum, to slay ; to 
kill ; to punish with death. 

CHURO f- # 7 $ ^ /, n - Assistant prime- 
minister. 

fCnuRo 5- ty J 7 ^ j^ n. Anciently a female 
officer in the Mikado's palace. 

CHURYAKU f- fc 9 -y ^ ^ 1 n - Omitting the 
middle of a writing ; contracting the middle 
of a word ; syncope. 

CHURYU f- # 9 # | . . (Neutrality ; neutral : 

Cnti-RiTsu f- # !) 9 J T* 51 1 fto/cu, a neutral 
state ; kyoku-flai . 

CHURYU f-' 99 *p -<jft (nagare no naka). The 
middle of a river, or stream. 

CHUSA f- -fj ^ tf fo n. (mil.) Lieutenant- 
colonel. 

CHUSAI f- # if >f <H | Arbitration : suru, to 
settle a dispute ; to act as umpire ; to arbi- 
trate : nin, an umpire, arbitrator. 

CHUSAKU f-^D'^^^n. A stratagem, plan, 
scheme. 

Syn. HAKARIGOTO, RAKU-RYAKU. 

CHUSEKI f- ^ -fe ^ E0 ^ n. Yesterday. 
CHOSEN f- # -fe v ^j ^ (fciy'i wo /ii/cu) *tiru, 

to draw lots. 
CHUSETSU f- # -b ^ ^ f?fj n. Fidelity ; loyalty ; 

patriotism. 
CHUSHAKU f-^J'-V^ li$^ A commentary : 

suru, to explain or illustrate with notes; to 

comment upon. 
CHUSHI f* ^ v' "4* jfc. (nakatjoro de tomeru) 

suru, to stop one in the midst of his work, or 

discourse ; to interrupt : enzetsu wo sum. 
CHUSHI f- T> i/ Jfe 56. n - Dying as a loyal, 

faithful, or patriotic servant. 
CHUSHI f- T> i, j|J at (todomarti). To stop at a 

place in traveling. 

CHUSHIKO f- $ $, 3 n. A plane used by car- 
penters for middling kind of work : see arashi- 

ko &ndjos]iiko. 
CHUSHIN f-^Sxv ^ it? (mannaka) n. The 

centre ; middle ; the heart ; focus. 
CHUSHIN f-^r^v | 3g Eeport; commuuica- 



cation ; message or statement of facts (to a 
superior) : suikoku yori Jiil>yal;u iro mnttc, 
Tokyo omote ye. ni oyobu, to report from 
the western provinces to Tokyo by a courier. 

Syn. TODOKERU, SHIRASERU. 

CHUSHIN f- 1> ^ ^ ,g, /c^ n. Fidelity; loyalty; 
patriotism. 

CHUSHIN f- ^ is i^ 4 ^, ^ n. A faithful or loyal 
servant: ji kun ni tsnkaezu, a faithful ser- 
vant will not serve two masters. 

CHUSHO f-^s^-Y^ ^^n. (mil.) Lieutenant- 
general. 

CHUSHO f-fy sx-V^ ^ 2g n. Palsy. 

CHCSHO i-1? Sst? -ft |t n. The 9th month ; 
middle month of autumn (o.c.). 

CHUSHUN f-^^nv -fi} ^JL n. The second 
month, or middle month of spring (o.c.). 

CnOso f-a:T5ry^t^|n. A foundation, basis. 
Syn. MOTOI, ISHI/TTE. 

CHCTAI ^- ^j 9 ^ ^ W- n - (mil.) A company 
of infantry, four of which make a daitai or 
battalion. 

CHUTO f- ^ ? V ifrg? n. Middle or second 
class: aliitmi, medium quality. 

CHCTO f- ty h t| 5^ adv. During, or while en- 
gaged in doing anything ; only having half 
completed ; half-through : de yamey arete 
wa komam, I shall be sorry if you give it up 
before completing it. 

Syn. CHO-DO, NAKABA, HAN-TO. 

CHCTO f- # > # -ft ^ n. The llth month, or 
middle month of winter (o.c.). 

CHUTO ?$ 9 ,1Jgl] To reside; to be stationed 
(usually spoken of un ambassador). 

CHU-U f- *j ty ^ "%] The dark space intervening 
between earth and hades (Bud.) : no yami 
ni mnyu, to wnnd<-r about in outer darkness. 

CHCYA f- 1> -y *p ^ (yonaka) n. Midnight. 

CHOYA f- ^ -y f ^ (Wru yoru) n. Day and 
night. 

CHUYO f-^ 3 i> t|* ^ n. The doctrine of the 
mean ; the proper middle path ; not inclining 
to one side or the other. 

CHUYO f- $ -s 7 \f $| (naka-goro) n. The mid- 
dle ages. 

CHUZETSU f-^-^!X ti Jg (nafa ta) B. Giv- 
ing up; ceasing to do, or breaking off any- 
thing before being fully learned ; interruption : 
kei-ko ico shite heta ni natta, being inter- 
rupted in my study, I have become rusty. 



D. 



DA 

DA *f (coll. contr. from de am). It is often 

used iu the colloquial as a substitute for a 

'stence, or something understood: nan da, 

\vhat is it ? are wu dare da, who is that? ma- 

i u-ti it. <ii d'i, when is the festival? kore wa 

n<in (/</, wliat is this? fnde da, it is a pencil ; 

" </(i, it is so ; k>/~> wa atsni hi da, this is a 

hut day ; sore da kara watakushi iya da, so 

then I don't want it ; or, da kara iya da, id.; 

to iute (or dntte mo) sonna icanti koto wa 

:iii<ii, even if it be so, I cannot do such a 

wicked thing; da ga ne, still; granting it to 

so; be it so; but; me no warui hodo kuru- 

thii koto wa nai, there is nothing so painful 

as a sore eye, da ga ne, ha no itai no mo ku- 

hii yo, granting all that, the toothache is 

also painful. 

fDA ff n. A kind of game played with cash : 

wo utsn. 

DA jf Inferior in quality ; mean ; low ; common ; 
poor ; cheap ; coarse : mono, an article of 
inferior quality; da-givashi, low-priced con- 
fectionery; da-yakusha, a low play-actor. 

Syn. SOMATSU, TABU. 

EA Jt |k n. Numeral for horse-load, about 225 

catties or 300 pounds : nimotsu ichi da, one 

horse-load of goods. 
DABI ^b* ?& n. (a Bud. word) Burning the 

bodies of the d^a-l ; cremation : dabi wo sum; 
i-ho t the place where dead bodies are 

burned. 

:i. KWA8O. 

iDxniK jf \f *. n. A picture painted in thin 
co! 

!-.A jf\*J wa, flat; level; plain. 

HIKATTAI. TAIRAKA. 

DACBI if 4- i.q. rlnrhi, of which it is a corruption. 
DACIIIN ^f- v & f f n. Fare for transportation 
on horse* or coolies. 

* + 1*j f|Jf n. (mod.) Hernia: 
truss. 
*T *J l .% " The ostrich. 

.!)(; petulance; crossness, 
M a child : il.i.l.t wo in, to fret and whine (as 
across cl ; 

K,-au jfjf**,\.v. To fret ; to be cross, 

ill t-inpered. 

Syn. JIRF.RTT, RUNF.nu. 
XKO jf * 7 3 % # n. A cross, fretful 

chill; rr..sH-j. 

}f if *- i.v. (coll.) To be cross, ill- 
tempered, fretful : ano ko wa tiune . 

iivn. 



DAI 

DAEN jfx.ts $f fj Oval; elliptical in shape: 

ltd mono ; kei. 

Syn. TAMAOO-NARI. 

DAGOKU *? 3 9 ^ jf;^ (jifjoku ni ochim) Falling 
(or goinur) into iiell ; (Bud.) snru. 

DAI #* J ^ u. A stand, base, or frame- work for 
supporting something else ; a pedestal, stock : 
clutdai, a cupstand; shoku-dai, a candle-stick; 
teppd-dai, a gun-carriage, gun-stock ; fumidai, 
a foot-stool. 

DAI # 4 \\ (yo) n. Age ; dynasty ; reign ; gen- 
ration : ban-dai, all generations ; always ; 
eternal. 

DAI if 4 -f^ (shiro) n. Money given in exchange 
for anything ; cost ; price ; vicarious ; a substi- 
tute: dai wo haran, to pay the cost; wata no 
dai wo uketoru, to receive the price of cotton ; 
dai ni tatsn, to act as a substitute. 

DAI #4 gg n. A theme, text, subject, topic; 
a standard, rule: wo dasu, to propose a 
theme; kono keshiki wo ni shite uta wo 
yomn, make a piece of poetry on this land- 
scape; nan-dtii, a difficult text or subject. 

DAI ^ 4 ^ The ordinal prefix : ichi , the 
first; dai-ni, the second. 

DAI # -f ^ (ukii) adj. Large; great; big; 
galcusha, a great scholar ; gokujd no thina, 
a thing of the very highest quality; no 
txnki, the long months; kichinichi, a most 
lucky day; xhr>, great and small. 

DAIBA jf 4 > -? ^ ti n. A fort, battery : wo 
kizuku, to construct a fort; odniba, id. 

IDAIUAN jf 4 >\i/ ^ 5l n - A dining table. 
Syn. HANDAI. 

JDAIBANDOKORO ^r'^/^v^ao i.q. mid.tidoko- 
ro, or concubines' apartnionta ; harem. 

DAIBANSHO jf 4 /* is y 3 ^ JK J^Vf n< '^ uo c ^ n * 
ing room in the Mikado's or iu a priest's 
dwelling. 

DAIBEN $F 4 ^^ ^ &. n - Feces ; excrement: 

wo guru, to go to stool. 
Syn. DAZTd, KCSO. 

DAIBENKOSHI ^ '4 xv A i^ i^f*f^^ n. 

Charge d'Affaii 

DAIBU jf 4 / coll. ront. of dailnm. 
DAIBUN *M -/v & fr **^ v : " rn ; to a 

large degr <; for the, most part : I/I/,-I*M/M, 
:. much better ; M?I/I//.II n./f/./. it is 

iniK-h c<ol< r. Syn. TOHODO, BUEOBUBU. 

DAIBUTBD jfj ?7 -kfo *- A Iar 8 e im "K ' 
Ilia. 
ifJi-W ^W- (mcd.) The larga 



DAI 



DAI 



DAIDAI # 4 ft" 4 ^ \\ adv. For generations ; 
from age to age. 

DAIDAI 9' 4 jf J( jfg n. A kind of bitter orange. 

DAIDO if 4 if '$ jfcajjj (<y'0 n - Highway; main- 
road: w/'sf, selling goods on the street 
spread out upon the ground ; goshaku, a 
story-teller. 

DAIDOKO jf 4 $ 3 coll. cont. of daidokoro. 

DAIDOKORO ^ >f |* 3 o ^ ffft n. A kitchen. 

Syn. KURI-YA, KATTE 

DAIFUKUCHO *' >f 7 ;? ^ ^ # ^$51^ n - A 
merchant's account book in which the sales 
''nre entered ; day-book. 

DAIGA # 4 if ^ JpJ (5 kawa) n. A large river. 

DAKIAKKO # 4 if ^ # # ^c ^ fc n. A univer- 
sity, college. 

DAIOAKU jf 4 if ? ^^"- A great learning, 
one of the four hooks of Confucius. 

DAIGAKURYO jf 4 if y v # ^C ^ ^ n. The 
imperial university at Kyoto. 

DAI-GASA ft'JW ^ SE n - A large umbrella 
carried before high oiricials. 

DAIOAWARI # 4 if ^ *) ft % n. Change of dy- 
nasty, reign, or headship of a family. 

D/LIOENNIN ^M^v v -ft tT A A law- 
yer, attorney, advocate. 

tDAiGENbUi ** 4 4* ^ x. 4 ^CTt&P Generalis- 
simo. 

DAIGI jjr'>f ^ >g ^c n. The stump, or stem on 
which a graft is fixed. 

DAIGI-NIN ) it 4 * ^ v -f ^ f& A. n. A represen- 

DAIGISHI j tative, delegate, deputy. 

DAIGO jt'Jiff; gg ffi n. The name, or title of 
a book. Syn. OICDAI. HYODAI. 

DAIGWAN jf 4 >? y v AS^S (^<'5ai) n. Earnest 
prayer ; petition ; great desire : issho no , 
the desire of one's whole life; wo kakeru, 
to offer up prayer. 
Syn. NEGAI. 

DAIHACHI-OUBUMA # 4 >\ + ? >\- -r ^ A ^ n. 
A car, or dray for hauling goods. 

DAIHANJI # 4 >\ v s? ^ '$} 3> The chief 
judge. 

DAIHANNYA #' 4 >N v n -y ^ ^ ^t n . The 
name of the six hundred Bud. sacred books : 
kyo wo tendoku turn, to chant these books 
through, reading only a little here and there 
at one sitting by a general assembly of priests. 

DAIHITSU j? 4 b N 7 \\ ;j'f n. Writing for 
another ; a socretary, amanuensis. 

DAIHYO jf 4 ^ ty -f ^ ^. snru, to represent ; 
to act as a representative. 

DAI-ICHI #M ^ + n. The first; the principal ; 
the best : ban, the best. 
Syn. IYASAKI. 

DAIJI # j & g |$ n. The preface of a book. 
Syn. JOBUN, HASHIOAEI. 

DAIJI #* 4 & j^^. n. Important affair ; of 
consequence; danger; harm: daiji-iiai, no 
importance; no matter; ni kakeru, to re- 
gard with care ; careful of ; o ni nasare, take 
care of yourself ; no shina de yozarimaKii, 
it is a thing of great consequence, or highly 
valued. 

Syn. TAISETSU. 



DAIJIN f>fs?v^A n - A great man ; a rich 
man. 

DAIJIN #' 4 i? v ^ {5 n. The title of a mem- 
ber of the Council of State, or Privy Council. 

DAIJINGU # j & ^ >? -^ $ *g n. A temple 
dedicated to the Sun-goddess, Tenshudaijin or 
Amaterasu ami kami, from whom the Imperial 
family has descended. 

DAIJIN-KE ^>f5Jv^^ctS|ln. A family at 
Kyoto from which the high officers were for- 
merly chosen. 

DAIJIBI # 4 s? 9 $fr Sjj n. The breech or butt 
of a gun. 

DAIJO jf 4 & 3 $ ^ ^e n. The great conveyance ; 
a system of Buddhism; i.q. inaJiayana. 

DAIJOBU j? 4 ? -Y ^ 7* ^C st -^ a (1 J- Ml.) 
Strong; firm; solid; well fortified; able to 
resist ; hale, robust, sound in body ; fixed ; 
settled ; safe ; secure ; certainly ; surely, 

Syn. TA8HIKA, SHIKKARI TO RHITA. 

DAIJOCHIN ^f-^f-v S^'^ n A lan ' 
tern suspended from a pole fixed to a pedestal. 

DAIJO-DAIJIN *' 4 $y t; if 4 Zts ~& fo ^ \S. n. 
The title of the highest officer iu tiie Council 
of State; the Prime Minister. 

DAIJOE ^"-fiJ-v^ai ^C"^"^ n - The cere- 
mony of offering rice to the Kami by the Ten- 
shi, to announce to them his ascension to the 
throne, ^coronation. 

DAJO-TENNO jf&tV'T*'*'? ^i^E n 
The title of a Mikado who has retired or ab- 
dicated the throne; also called dajutei or jiiktl. 

DAI-JONO ^>f s? 7 ) *j 1Q- ^ % n. A kind of 
ahovel fixed on a stand, used for carrying fire, 

DAIKA ^ >f % \\ f^ n. Price ; cost ; value, 

Syn. NEDAN, ATAI. 

DAIKAGDRA #* 4 -ft >? 7 ^ ^|? ^ n - A kind ol 
dancing in the street, by a person wearing a 
mask like a lion's head ; ball-playing. 
Syn. SHISHIMVK. 

DAIKAI jf 4 -ft 4 -fc'^ n. The ocean : no 
itteki, a drop in the ocean (prov.) ; wo te 
nite seku, to dam up the ocean with the hand; 
wa chiri wo erabazu, the ocean does not 
mind the dust. Syn. AOT-NAHARA, SOTO-UMI. 

DAIKAN ^?*>f ^ v ^^ n. The period of great- 
est cold, one of the 'J 1th terms, extending from 
about Jan. 21st to Feb. Gth (o.c.). 

DAIKICHISAN j? 4 % *? $ v n. A kind of con- 
fectionery. 

DAIKIN $F 4 % +/ -f^ ^ n. Price; value; money 
paid in exchange for goods. 

Syn. ATAI, NEDAN. 

DAIKOKU if 4 u ^ ^ $j n. The mistress of a 
Buddhist priest. 

DAIKOKU-BASniRA jf 4 3 ? >* l> 7 ^ fa tt ** 

The large pillar in the centre of a hou-e. 
DAIKOKUTEN jf j 3 ^ f v ^ ,W. ^. n. The 

god of wealth, Ftikn no kami. 
DAIKON, or DAIKO jf 4 u is ^ ft u - A kind of 

large radish, liaphanus sativus. 
DAIKU #4 9 ^iE.n. A carpenter : fitna-daiku, 

a ship-builder ; June no , a ship's carpenter. 
DAIKWAI $? 4 9 y 4 -fc-Qf (<> atsumari) n. (chr.) 

A synod, council. 



DAI 



67 



DAK 



PAI-KWAN jf 4 9 V ?/ ^\*g n. A lieutenant, or 
i uty officer, who superintended the affairs 

of an estate or riff belonging to the Shogun. 
DAiMEiriin jf <\ * 4 >> \\ % f^ (kae-kotoba) u. 

(gram.) A pronoun. 
DAIMOKU ^ 4 ^ 9 %$ n. The name or title 

of a book ; also, the title of the prayer of the 

Nichi-ren sect of Buddhists, viz., namu myo ho 

renge ky~>. 

fDAiMox ^JM^v^&n. A kind of long robe 
:h a large crest worn by nobles, before the 

times of the Tokngawa Shogunate. 
DAIMOTSU jf 4 ^ y -ft $7 n. The article or 

money given in exchange for goods ; cost ; 

price : wa ikura. what is the price? 
DAIMYAKU ^ 4 \ -y ? -f\ $f. n. Prescribing for, 

or visiting the sick in the place of the regular 

oian. 
DAIMYO #4 \*?*j -fc % n - Tne name of a 

feudal or military chief whose income was 

over 10,000 knkii of rice. 
^DAIS-AGON # 4 + =f > Jz $} f n- The title of 

an officer in the court of the Mikado next 

below naiduijin. 

DAINAIKI jf 4 -h >f $ ^ fa ffc n - The chief 
.te secretary of the Mikado. 
N #4 + ?/ jz.$$. (owazawai) n. Great 

calamity, or affliction. 
DAINASHI ft 4 + ^ $ $5 (coll.) adv. Spoiled; 

dirty: ni naru, to be spoiled; kimono ga 

ni furukuimtta, the garment is old and spoiled. 

. MUCHA-K^CHA. 

DATNIX ?' 4 --s \\/^ (kawari no hito) n. A 
substitute, proxy, deputy. 
Syn. MTODAI. DAini. 

v ft'j^ss i\ '& (kawari yaku) n. An 
official who ttcls in the place of another; a 
substitute in o- 

#4 ? & M"i " Rlmharb. 
DAI-ONJO ^>f^>i?-V.> ^1?^ (ogoe) n, A 

voice. 

DAIHI jf 4 9 -R32 " A substitute, agent: 
iiin. id.; kotiu, acting minister or charge 

DAIUI^ 9 ft ^ n. The palace of the Mikado ; 
also t : x.iwa. 

BjU. KIMU. KIN'CHO. 

DAIRIKI y >f 9 * ^ ^ (d-chikara) n. Great 
power; great strength : bit-so. 

IKI. 

KKI ^>f9**^c3[S^7n- Marble. 
DAIHV.', y -f n> xx ; . ;!C y given in ex- 

cljfi: cost. 

MMOT8D, NKDAN, ATAI. 

DiiSAiMrni y^if>f^f. ^C^Q (omattvribi) 
Great festival or holiday. 
oy>f^^||f[u. A stanza of poetry 
compos.-, i iiome. 

DAMAN it 4 V- iX Q m.iiru). Visit- 

ing a temple by proxy : *nru. 

k&& n. The highest 

official of a lmn n.-xt b,-iiw tho han-cluji, 

lately uh^titutcd for the word /. 

DAUHA V>f i^Y ft % (k.tvnri yaku) The com- 

ing of on-j in the plncc of anoth-.-r: thin chin . 



DAISHIN-IN y>f s^v>fv ^c^| " Tho 

Supreme Court. 
DAISHO 4 ^^^ 4\ffi (kawari txtigmion) 

snru, to make good ; make reparation or satis- 

fection iu the place of another; vicarious 

satisfaction or atonement : nin, a redeemer. 
DAISHO ;*M-b j^,]* (old chiisai) Big and 

little ; large and small ; long and short ; tho 

size, magnitude: wo sustt, to wear the long 

and short swords; tsuki no , the long and 

short months. 

DAI-SHO y>f jx 3 ^ -f Same as tliihitsu. 
DAISO ^>f-tri> j^ff n. A Buddhist priest 

who acts as ti substitute for another. 
DAISOJO y^ y ^ ij-y^ ^cl^JE n. The titlo 

of the highest grade in tiie Buddhist priest- 

hood ; an archbishop. 
DAISOUETA $f 4 y \s X adj. (coll.) Very unjust, 

or improper, or wicked: yatutt; kotu wo 

sum. 
DAISU y>f^^ ft$C n. Algebra: gaku, 

id. 

Syn. TENZAN. 
DAISU if 4 *. j 3- n. A stand with a furnace 

on it, used in making tea. 
DAITAI y>f y >f .^jjj n . The main body or 

substance ; general principles, essence : bukkyo 

no , the main doctrines of Buddhism. 

Syu. TAI-I. 
DAITAI # 4 p 4 ^ ?$ n. (mil.) Battalion (of 

infantry). 
DAITAN y>f ft ^ ^)pj (kimo no fntoi) Great 

courage ; courageous ; audacious ; bold ; ini- 

puilent : nara Into ; futeki no kiisenwno. 
DAITO y 4 x $ ^$5 n. The throne or office 

of Emperor : wo tsitgu, to succeed to the 

throne. 

Syn. MIKUBAI. 

DAITOKU ) jt 4 + 9 ^^.% n. An honorable titlo 
DAITOKO ] jf4 h 3 given to a Buddhiht priest. 
DAI-UIKYO jf 4 t? 4 * -V ^ ^C t-j ^ " fc>tar- 

anise. 
DAIZA if 4 -9? g n . The base or pedestal of 

a tomb-ston*-, or image. 
DAIZAI # 4 yfj -fc$ (oinarti ttumi) Great 

crime: nin, a great offeiult r. 

\SHIKI y>f4/v^* ^cJf^S^ n- Tho 

oilicer in the Mikado's court who controls tho 
i "f the Emperor, and feasts and eutertaiii- 

nn-nt of guests. 

? * *>'*> *3fc n - >'! ' ; 
zu jf 4 -X -J^"& n. Cuiso; imprecation. 

DAIZU jf 4 +/ ^ j n. A kind of large white 



DAJAKD # & Y 9 rf 50 Infirm, or weak in body, 

indolent ; iinln rile; itite yaknmt.it<inn. 

Byn. HINTAKU, JTJAKU. 

DAJOI-: i NO jf tf -Y > 9 7 $ skJiB. 11 * 

titlo of a TeiiBlu v. . i.cuuxilhe 

ne and retired into ]>riv>tt life. 
DAJOKWAN XV> 9 7 f -A^C '&* Tno o ffi ce 

jf the privy oninci! 'ate. 

DAKAHK.-UU tf-fi**- ''" To caOM 

or let auutLcx embrace, ui can 3 in the arms. 



DAK 



68 



DAN 



DAKASHI.-SU jfjj :* caust. of da ku. To cause or 
let another carry in the arms, etc.: watakushi 
ni lio wo daka&hite okure, let me carry the 
child. 

DAKE jf *r i-q. take. 

DAKK ftp 5^ n. Much; quantity: kore , so 
much ; dore , how much ? ari , all there 
are; watakushi wa, as for me. 
Syn. HODO, OURAI. 

DAKI,-KU jt 9 fa t.v. To hold or carry in the 
arms; to embrace; to hug; to sit upon eggs, 
as a fowl ; to brood : kodomo wo futokoro ni 
dahu, to carry a child in the bosom. 

Syn. IDAKU, KAKAERU. 

DAKI-AI.-AU -jr* $ 7 7 $j & i.v. To embrace 

or hug each other. 
DAKI-KAKAB.-RU $f % 1} * ^ * fa fe t.v To 

embrace; to hold in the arms. 
DAKIKOMI.-MU if % 3 A, ^fe $f t.v. To carry 

into ; to gain over to one's party or interest ; to 

make friends of ; to subsidize : mainai wo motte 

hito daki-komit, to gain over a person with 

bribes; duki-komarern, pass. 
DAKI-OKOSHI.-SU ^* ;j- u *, fe ^H t.v. To lift 

up in the arms, as oue who is lying down. 

Syn. KAKAE-OKOSU. 
DAKI-SHIME,-IUJ # % */ * >u & 5 t.v To hug 

tightly ; to embrace closely. 
DAKI-TOME,-RU jf % h * *- / IS t.v. To throw 

the arms around another and hinder him from 

doing anything, or from going. 
DAKI-TSUKI,-KU jt % y ? ^ ^ i.v. To cling 

to with the arms ; to hug up to : kodomo wa 

oya ni , the child clings to its parent. 
DAKKO jf y 3 ^ f] ]Ji u. (med.) Prolapus ani. 
IDAHO #' -ft i 1 / $k ffo " Provisions for a journey. 
DAKO if u *s| / n. A spittoon, spit-box. 

Syn. HAIFUKI. 
DAKU jt y pfc snru, to assent, consent, to 

answer, or respond to a call. 
Syn. NOMI-KOMU, DBENAU, SHOCHI-SURU, OA- 

TEN-SURU. 

DAKU #' y n Cantering a horse , galloping \ 
wo noru ; wo kakeni. 

DAKU-BOKU # 9 a* 9 & \fj adv. (coll.) Full of 
ups and downs, or hills and hollows ; uneven : 
inichi ga shite arnkurenu, the road is so un- 
even it can't be traveled. Syn. TAKA-BIKU. 

DAKU-ON jf ^ % ^ ifg ^ (nigori hoe) n. The 
impure sounds of some of the Japanese sylla- 
bles, as ba, bi, bu, d>i,ji, 2, etc. 

DAKu-snu if y 1,3. % $j}gj (niyori-zake) A kind 
of inferior sake. 

DAKWAN yt 9 y i/ 2 -^ (hiki kaern) Convert- 
ible: yinki-n, f-oiivertible paper money. 

DAKYU if * i> ^j- Jfc n. A game of ball played 
on horseback : wo sum, to play the above 
game ; staji, a pole armed with a net with 
which the ball is caught. 

DAMAKASHI,-SU ^^^^ t.v. (coll.) To hoax, 
Irambqg; to take in, cheat, deceive, impose 
on, trick : damakasareru, (pass.) to be taken 
in, or hoaxed. 

DAMARASE,-RU ^-ry-b*- caust. of damaru. 
To cause another to be silent ; to silence, hush. 



DAMARI ^-r 9 ^ n. Silence; without speak- 
ing : de suni\ to do anything without telling ; 
no makn, a theatrical scene where the actors 
are silent ; pantomime ; de kiku, to hear in 
silence. 

DAMARI.-RU ^ * a* ^ i.v. To be silent, still ; 
not to speak : damatte iru, to be silent; da- 
matte ite kudasare, please say nothing about 
it ; damare (imp.), o damari nasare, id., be still. 

Syn. MOKUNEN, MODASU. 

DAMASARE,-RU ^v^ w" 1 - ?^ 3^ (pass, of damasit) 

To be deceived, cheated. 
DAMASHI.-SU ^^-^ ^ t.v. To cheat, hoax, 

take in, deceive, circumvent, beguile, impose 

on; to divert, amuse: Into ivo damashite kane 

wo toru, to cheat a man out of his money; 

katari wa hito wo mono da, the imposter is 

one who deceives men ; kodomo wo , to divert 

a child. 

Syn. AZAMUKU, ITSUWARU, TABURAKASU. 
DAMASHI-KOMI,-MU jf v S^ 3 A $fc f| t.v. To 

take in, cheat, overreach, victimi/e. inveigle. 
DAMASHI-TORI,-RU ff v Is \> ^ $fc Jfc. t.v. To take 

by cheating. 

DAMBASHIOO ^ t/ >S I, n* n. (coll.) Stars. 
DAMBIRA ^>ii9^77n. A broadsword. 
DAMBUKURO jt ^ -/ ^ p n. Pants ; trowsera 

made in foreign style. 
DAME ^ ^ (coll.) Vain ; useless : Jtusuri wo no- 

mashite mo da, it is useless even to take 

medicine. 

Syn. Mrr>A. 
DAME ^ * J$ n. The pieces lost in a game 

of checker*; omission; anything overlooked ; 

refuse : wo shiraberu, to examine if any- 
thing is omitted. 
DAMI.-MU *f A i.v. (coll.) Rustic ; coarse ; hoarse : 

dnmitaru koe, a coarse voice. 

Syn. INAKAMEKD. 

DAMIGOE jf $ rf Jt n. The coarse or hoarse 
voice of a boor, or countryman. 

DAMMA ^^T ^k ,1^ n. A pack-horse. 

DAMMARI ^vr 9 (coll. for dtitniri). 

DAMMATSUMA ^vr!?v Hfr^^n. Articulo 
mortis, hour of death (Bud.). 
Syn. MATSUOO, MYO.TO, RINO. 

DAMMETSC jf ^ * ? 1ft ^ Destruction ; extinc- 
tion ; extermination : sum, to cut off and 
exterminate ; ni kisurn, to be extinct. 
Syn. HOROBOSU. 

DAMO # ^6 cont. of dani mo. adv. Even ; only. 
Syn. DEMO, SAE. 

DAMPAN ^fvXv gj 1J n. Conference; con- 
sultation ; deliberation. 

Syn. DANKO, SOPAN. KAKE-AI. 

DAMPATSU jfs/*\y \ft ^ (ke wo kiru] n. Cut- 
ting the hair: no Into, a man who has his 
hair cut. 

DAMPEI ^v^'f fc ffi (hanaahi no tune) mate 
rial or subject of conversation. 

DAMPO jFt/>*>i? Jt^T n. The parishioners of 
a temple. 

Syn. DANKE, DANNA, DAN-OTSU. 

DAN jf ^ n. A step ; a raised platform. 
DAN if ^ n. Grade; rank; step; a section 



DAN 



69 



DAN 



of a book ; an act or play in a theatre ; thing 
or affair ; subject : knno no kokoro ', the 
meaning of this section ; ga cJiifjni, of dif- 
ferent grades; ichi-dnn, one act; one grade; 
hashigo no , the steps of a staircase or lad- 
der; iro kizukti, to throw up a platform 
(of dirt or stones); butsu-dan, an altar. 

DAN j/v % n. A man, son; 5th order of 
nobility= baron. 

{DAX jf v # n. A light-green color. 
Syn. MOEOI. 

DAXCHI # ^ f- ^ fa (atatakai tokoro) n. A 
warm place, or conntrv. 

DAXCHO ^ i^f- -Y ^ 1$ j]g (haraicata wo tatsn) = 
exceedingly grieved or afflicted: no omoi, 
felt great grief. 

DAXDAX jf > # v & & aa " v. In ranks ; step by 
step ; gradually ; by degrees ; great ; many ; 
various: te ga a gam, gradually a better 
hand at ; atsui oboshimeshi, how great is 
your kindness. Syn. 01-01, SHIDAI-SHIDAI xi. 

DANDARA jf ^ ft y n. Checkered ; stripe<l cross- 
wise ; marked or cut across in sections ; ir- 
regular: 710 hata, a flag with cross stripes; 
ni tomcrn, dyed with cross stripes ; byd- 
thi, irregular sounds, loud and soft. 

DAXGAX ft ^ if v $r p n. A steep bank. 
Syn. G\KK. KIKI-KISHI. 

DAXOI ^ v *f f$ | n. Preaching ; lecture ; a 
sermon by a Buudhist priest : ico kikii, to 
listen to a sermon ; heta no naga , the long 
sermon of a novice. 

Syn. 8Eppf>. nf>i>AX, KOSHAKU, SEKKYO. 

DAXOO # */ d* gj ^- n. A dumpling, or bread 
cooked by boiling: liana yori , (prov.) a 
dumpling is better than flowers. 

-OKU ft > 33* 9 l$r^ n - Judging a criminal. 

DAM ^^ adv. Even; only; as much as ; at 
least, at any rate: naiii to kotaen kotoba 
nakn, had not even a word to answer; oto 
$fzn ba, if only there be no sound. 
Syn. SAK, T.F.MO, SDRA. 

DAXI ?~ ^ ^ n. A dog-tick. 

DANI jf =. $; -ft u. Goods carried by a pack- 
horse. 

DAXJI ^^i* 5? ^ n . A male child, boy, a 
man. Svn. NAXSIII, OTOKO. 

DANJI.-RU ^"v^n- ^ i.v. To speak, talk, 
y: o dsiiiji miuliitni kotn na am, I have 
something I should lik<^ to say to you. 
Syn. HAXASU. KATARD, ID. 

DANJIKI jf > & % \ft fc n. Religious fasting ; 
abstaining from food: iro *ru, to fast. 

DAXJIRI ^vf-*9 n. An ornamented car drawn 

xcn or men at festivals. 
Syn. DAKHI. 

DAS Jo if v i -Y ,> ft jp n. A flrpurtmcnt of the 
goroi ( jivliciivl functions. 

/ v i? Y tr f 4 & j < n - Censoratc. 
Syn. MKTSI-KT. 

DAKK ^ ^ Y ft n. Thn parinhionert, or 
famili-H that support a Un<l<lhi ti-rnplc. 

DAXT T 7 flj KfJ; (iiiiMiibi.nu) *uru, 

to unite together ; to cuiubiue togetl 
. 



DAXKI jf ^ % $% ^ n Warm weather ; the 
heat; warm tli. 

Syn. ATATAKAS*. 

DAXKIX jf ^ t- v l$r ^ (/,-fl7?^ iro Arini) no 

mnjiicfiri. strongest friendship. 
DAXKG jf ^-fj-? i)[^ (hanmthi-ni) Consultation 

conference: sum, to talk together, consult 

about, confer together. 

Syn. SOD AX. 
DAXKOKU # ^ 3 ^ ^ ^ (afafa/cai /cttnt) n. A 

warm country. 
DAXKOTSU jfsSx? 1$ if- n. (med.) Fracture of 

a bone. 
DAXXA jf v-h ^ ^]I n. The parishioners of a 

temple : master : omae no wu dare ka, whoso 

servant are you? sama, master. 

Syn. 8HDJIX, TEISHU. AKT-.TI. 

DANXA-DERA tf ^ + =? J ^ ^JI ^ n. The tern- 

pie of which a person is a ])anshioner. 
DAXXEN ^v^v R$T^ (omnikiru) sru, to 

cease to think about, or mind. 
DAXO ff } conj. Used in enumerating several 

items, and, also : kodorno no jibnn kara e 

dnno ezu dano to iu mono ga suki de (jozaiin<txu, 

I have been fond of pictures and maps from 

my childhood. 
DANOTSU jf z/ j y ^^ (San.) The parishioners 

of a Bud. temple. 
DANPTRA p* > h* 7 n. A sword. 

Syn. KATAXA. 
DAXRAKU jt */ ? ? $i*& (yomi-kiri) n A sec- 

tion, chapter. 
DAXRIN ^ ^ >; v & ^ n. A Buddhist mon- 

astery. 

DANRO ^ ^ p $g ^ n. A stove, furnace. 
DANROX ^ v n v ^ t^ n - Discussion ; argu- 

ment. Syn. J>AX\VA. 

DANSEI ^v-fe >f ^ t n. Masculine gender. 
DANSEX jf v -b v j^ n. A fan that does not 

open and shut. Syn. UCHIWA. 
fDAXSEX jf vb v n. Tax on land. 

Syn. CHISO, XEXOU. 
DANSHI jf */*>*% 3- n. A male, man ; a male 

child, boy. 

Syn. DANJI. 
DAXTODAI ^vh^^-f WrSlJ^ n. The block 

on which criminals are beheadrd. 
DAXWA jf v ^ $r f-P (ntfit(ik<i-ni ifaicaragit) 

Warm and pleasunt. Used only of the P 

and third inonflis (o.c.). 
DANWA ^v7 ^^ " Conversation ; tal 

speal 
DAXYAKU ^ v -V ^ ^SJ n. Ammunition, 

powder and balls. 
DAXZAI tf^ift Uff^f (kiru-tunmi) n. Capital 

punishment : ni thnxnrn, to punifli with 



DANZEN ^ v -tf v ft ^ lv. In a final mnnnrr, 

or BO as to put .-. effectually; de- 

cidedly; ill: 
DANZETSU it^M^ Wr tt */ri, to out ofT, 

dc>t: 

extinct; to cease, fall: /. - turn, to 

cut "IT th- fiunily n..- 

S; 0. TAYABU, UKMfU V, UOBUBUSU. 



DAN 



70 



DAS 



DANZURU jf v ^ A> . See danji. 

DARA-DARA jt y $f y adv. (coll.) In a slow, 
sluggish manner ; little by little : drop by drop : 
chi ga to nagareru, the blood flows drop 
by drop ; ori, gentle declivity. 

DAB ARE #* 7 f (coll.) Used only in composition 
with nouns=covered with, filled with, smeared 
with : kao ga sumi darake da, face is smeared 
over with ink ; te ga chi-darake ni natta, hands 
are covered with blood ; kuni wa aknnin darake 
da, the country is filled with bad men ; yama- 
darake, mountainous. 
Syn. MABURE. 

DABAKE,-RU jf 7 >r ft* i.v. To be languid, dull, 
sluggish, drooping, indisposed to exertion: kyo 
wa atsnkute karada ga daraketa, to-day it is 
so hot I feel languid ; daraketa nari, a languid, 
leisurely manner. Syn. TOWARU. 

DARAKU $t 5 ^ Ff $ (ochiru) snru, to fall ; 
to drop ; to fah away ; to apostatize ; to fail ; 
to degenerate (Bud.) : jigoku ni suru, to 
fall into hell ; daraku-sd, an apostate priest ; 
nedan ga shita, the price has fallen ; 
shite bimbo ni natta, to fail and become poor. 
Syn. GENZOKU, OCHIBURE. 

DARANI ^ 7 r^' ^1 ^E . Magic formulas 
taken from the Bud. sacred books and written 
in the Sanscrit character. 

DARANISUKE, or DARASUKE jt*)^^ 
^h n. A kind of bitter medicine. 

DAKAPPYOSHI-NA ff j b" 3 # ^ + (vul. coll.) adj. 
Disorderly ; slovenly ; irregularly. 

DARASHINAI,-KU ft 7 ^>f (coll.) adj. Slovenly; 
loose; disordered; careless: obi wo musubi, 
to tie the belt in a careless manner. 

DARE jf \s % (coll. same as tare) pron. Who; 
whom : ga itashita, who did it ? nite mo 
or dare-demo, anybody, everybody, whoever ; 
so/co ni frit no wa dare da, who is in there ? 
mo shitta mono wa nai, nobody knows it ; or, 
I don't know anybody ; kore wa 710 lion da, 
whose book is this? ni yarimashd ka, to 
whom shall I give it? ka saki ye kita, 
somebody has come before us ; mo, with a 
neg. verb.=nobody, no one ; with an aff. verb, 
=e very body. 

DARE.-RU yf v ^ fa t.v. (coll., same as tareru) 
To fall in price ; to be putrid : wata mo suko- 
slii dareta, cotton has fallen a little ; kome-sdba 
mo chitto dare-kuchi da, the price of rice has 
begun to fall a little; sakana ga dareta, the 
fish is putrid. Syn. SAGARU, KUSARU. 

DARO 7 # cont. of de aro. Naze sonna ni 
yenryo suru daro, why are you so diffident ? 
nagasa wa roku sun daro, it was about six 
inches long; ikusa ga okoru daro, I think 
there will be war. 

DARUI,-KI,-SHI jf a, 4 adj. Languid; sluggish; 
dull ; heavy ; lifeless ; weak and indisposed to 
exertion; flabby: ashi ga , my legs are 
weak. 

DARUKU jf a, p adv. Same as darui : haru saki 
wa kurada ga aru, in the latter part of 
spring the body becomes languid. 

KA1TAEUKU. 



DARUMA $? >v -r a^ / n. A follower of Shaka, 
and teacher of Buddhism who came to China 
in A.D. 520 and founded the Zen sect. 

DARUMAKI jf^-t^t at & n - A festival in 
honor of Daruma on the 5th day of the 10th 
month (o.c.). 

DARUMI,-MU t? ft* A ^fc i.v. (coll.) Same as 
tannnu. 

DASARE,-RU jf^ v;v (pass, and pot. of dnm). 
To be put out, sent away : ano onna wa gome 
ni itte dasareta, that woman was married but 
lias been divorced; issen mo dasarenai, I 
cannot give a penny. 

DASASE,-BU jf -f -fe ^ (caust. of dasu). To 
make or let another put out, pay out. 

DASE.-RU ^-fe'i- (coll. pot. of da$u) Same as 
dasareru : kane wo daseru ka dasenai ka, can 
you pay the money or not ? 

DASEN y-bv ff!$ft n. (med.) Salivary gland. 

DASHI jf *s n. A sauce or flavoring for soup: 
katsno-bushi no , a sauce made of dried 
katsno. 

DASHI if i, ^ HJL n. An ornamented car 
drawn at festivals and used for theatrical per- 
formances, dancing and music. 

DASHI ff i' f& n. Pretext; pretence; excuse: 
yamai wo ni sum, to make sickness an ex- 
cuse. 

Syn. KAKOTSUKB. 

DASHI,-SU $f-z* & t.v. To put out, take out, 
drive out, bring out, lead out, pay out, find 
out; to show; to cause to go out : chawodaae, 
bring the tea ; dashite mini, to take out and 
look ; kane wo dashite kau, to pay out money 
and buy ; te wo , to put the hand to ; to 
keep ; to begin or go at anything ; ha wo , 
to show the teeth ; boya ga aruki-dnshita, the 
child has begun to walk ; mezurashii koto ico 
kiki-da*hita, I have heard a strange thing ; ji 
wo mi-dashita, I have found the word; mise 
wo , to set up a new store ; kaze ga fuki-da- 
shita, the wind has sprung up. 
Syn. IDASU. 

DASHI-AI $f i-f b & u. Contributing ; con- 
tribution ; paying out together ; investing in 
shares : ikura zntsu no de kono mise ico o 
dashi-nasatta, how much capital has each 
person invested in this store ? 

DASHIAI.-AU ^ 2^7 7 t.v. To contribute. 

DASHI-IRE ^r* i^ J ix $> $fa n. Expenditures 
and receipts ; the taking out and putting in : 
kane no ga <li, to take in and pay out a 
great deal of money. 

DASHI-NUKE-M jf ^ 5? >r ^ f.^ adv. Suddenly ; 
by surprise; abruptly; at unawares : into 
wo tiitakn, to strike a person at unawares. 

DASHINUKI,-KU ^r s/x 9 & $C t - v - ^ elude; 
to stealthily get ahead of one; to steal a 
march, or get an advantage ; to circumvent : 
liito wo , to steal away from one. 

DASSEKI #' y ^ t- Ef n - Dismission from the 
register. 

DASSHI, DASSURU $F -y ^ *> Jj t.v. To escape 
from, flee from ; to leave ; to abandon: kutxu 
wo , to take off the shoes ; yo wo , to 



DAS 



71 



DEB 



abandon the world ; htbi ga kawa tco , the 
snake casts its skin. 
Syn. NUKU. 

DASSHI }fy i* p % (kutsu wo nugu) n. Ab- 
dicating the throne. 

DASSHDTSO ff y s^a? $; (nnkede) n. (med.) 
Prolapsus. 

DASSO if y y Jjft$i n. (med.) Gangrene; morti- 
fication ; sphacelus. 

DASSO if y $ \} Jfa ^ n. Flight ; escape ; de- 
sertion ; (spoken of troops) : guru, to desert. 

DATAI ?' X 4 g| jj n. Abortion: -r- saseru, 
to cause abortion ; no Jumuri, medicines 
which cause abortion. 
Syn. KO wo OROSU. 

DATB jf 1 ? fj* ij n. Show; display; ostenta- 
tion ; gay appearance; finery : wo sun/-, to 
make a show ; otoko, a fop; dtlgu, ar- 
ticles carried in the train of a daimyfi tor shew 
and ornament merely ; moyd, gay figures, 
as on a dress ; 7m, gay, gaudy, showy. 

Syn. HADE, KAZARI. 

DATEKOKI ^'7- n ^ n. (coll.) A fop ; one fond 

of dress. 
DATEUA jf T 7 (=de i-nagara). See tatera. 

Onna-dati'i-.i ni. 
DATESHA #7-$,^ ^^r^ n. One fond of 

wearing finery ; a fop. 
DATESHI jf 7- l* n. A gallant, chivalrous person ; 

a fop. 
DATSUBUN jf y y* ss $ ^ n An omission in 

a writing. 

DATSD-I jf y J ^ fc (koromo wo nugu} Strip- 
ping off the robes of a priest, and turning him 

out of the priesthood : saaeru. 
DATSUJI jf y $$,:% (ji tco otosn) n. The 

omission of a character or word in a writing. 
DATSURO if y P v> $> ffi (ochi-moreru) u. An 

omission. 
DATSCRYAKU jf y 9 y 9 ^%. (ubai toru) 

$urn, to seize by violence ; to capture. 

Syn. BUXDORU. 
DATTAI-KWAXKOTSU jf y 2 4 9 y ^ ^ y JJ $$ 

J n. Writing the sentiment of another's 

poetry in different words; plagiarism: wo 

iOthiri tro mntinktirfzn. 
DATTO #751*7 $;? (hi tana wo toru) Not 

wearing a sword ; without a sword : Into no ie 

ni wn nit? im gu rei nnri, it is etiquette on 

entering a house to take off the sword. 

Vi $ n. A letter : kndasare 
lataku tonji toro, many thanks for your 

letter. 

'. TEOAMI. 

DC r Post-pos. expressing the cause, manner, 
or instrument ; th< MIC; sometimes 

answering to th ul. verb, being; as il 
with, by, at, of, in ; because of, on account of: 
le but$u, Btnko with ; fade de 

kaku, to write with a pen ; nine de yuktt, to 
go by fillip ; A DO by one's 

to be alone ; I 

' lc l iMiuboo ; 

duni'iri </ T/K/.-I/. \v< nt v.ithnut speaking, or 
in silcucc; kvre tea >un de urii, what is this? 



ktimi de aru, it is paper; Kayo de 
yes, it is so ; do de (jozurimnsu, how is it ? ano 
Into de nakereba dekinui, nobody can do it 
except him ; samnsa de onion yd ni tosei 1110 
deki-nai, because of the cold I fear you can't 
carry on your business as you wish ; de mottc, 
by means of, because of. 

Syn. KITE, NI, WO MOTTE. 

DE 5r ^\ a neg. suffix ; cont. of zute or zu shite : 
shirade kdiitiwtnni, must know; te mo furede 
oku, to let be and not touch it ; mono wo mo 
iwade nige-usetari, without saying a word ho 
disappeared. 

In coll. sometimes used eliptically to express 
a strong affirmative ; as, daiji no teislnt (ja 
sJn'nda mono nakaide sa, should not a wife 
weep for her dead husband so important to 
her? uta yomaide sa=uta yomanai koto ga 
am mono ka, can't I write poetry as well as 
others? kono shigoto sf.naide *a = kono shi : ito 
sezu ni oknmono ka, should I let this work bo 
without doing it? 

DE,-RU jf * )I( i.v. To go or come out, issue 
forth, proceed from ; to arise, appear : nchi 

' kiirn d>'te yukn, to go out of the house; dcte- 
koi, come out; deta or demashita, has gone 
out; hi ga deta, the sun has risen ; hima ga 
dem, to be out of employment ; yoi chi? ga drta, 
have found out how to do it ; ka ga deta, the 
mosquitoes have come ; kinome ga d>'ta, the 
buds have sprouted ; fitne ga di'inashita ha, 
has the boat left, or lias the ship sailed? seki 
ga deru ka, have you a cough? demasen, I 
have not ; chi ga deru, it bleeds ; ne-ase ga 
deru, I sweat at night; taiso hito ga di'tn, a 
great many people have come out ; kwaji ga 
d tn, there is a fire; kabi ga deta, it has 
mildewed. Syn. I/.URU. 

DE-AI.-AU 5^T7 & & i-v. To meet while 
out ; to meet with : michi dc de-atta, to nm't 
in the road; deai-gunhira ni ntnma wo titsii, 
to bump heads just on going out ; kaijr> nit,: 
mim/w ni nc-ai, met with mlverso wind at sea. 

DEBA ?si fl^5 n - Projecting teetli. 

DEBA Tst&TJ n. A kitchen-knife; carving 
knife. 

DEBANA rX-h ^ |jj n. Tbo first issue: c.ha 
no debana, a newly-made infusion of tea ; mi:u 
no debana, the first rush of a Hood of water. 

DEBARI 5^X9 n. An out-station; a shop or 
oflice away from homo; a police station. 

DEBARI,-RO 5r/<A* iJi ?ft i-v. To leave homo 
and attend to business, or duty, at some fixed 
1 'luce : ken-jtitsu-shi tsuki rokusai ni diijo ye dt- 
hnru, the teacher of the sword exorcise six 
times in a month attends at tho gymnasium; 
Ixinsho ye debaru, to attrnd nt the police 
station; debari no i*h,i, a pliy.sician who li.-is 
regular places away from home for prescribing 
for tho sick. 

Syu. sin rrur. BURD. 

;vel ; um- 
bilical in mi. i. 

M r \2 * b d^ IS Projecting forehead, 
byn. ODXKO. 



DEC 



72 



DEK 



DECHIGAI,-AU ?*f--)f7 & aS- t.v. To miss by 

going out ; to be out when another calls and 

so miss seeing each other. 
DEDAN.V j- g ) $> /^ n. A branch-shop; an 

agency. 

DEDEMUSHI 5^5^ A is $ *f- n. A snail. 
DEGARA =f if 7 n. The pierced cocoon after the 

moth lias left it ; also tea-grounds. 
DEOE 5^^ n. A small porcelain spoon with a 

short handle. 
DEGIHAI =r^y b n. One who dislikes to go 

out; fond of staying at home. 
DEOIRE T^^ & & n - Scraps of cloth left 

after cutting; a remnant. 
DKGOSHI =f -tit? Is & $$ 3* n. A projecting 

framework outside of the window. 
DEHA =? ^ & % n. A place forgoing out ; a place 

of exit : ga nai, there is no place of exit : 

wo ushinatta, have forgotten how to get out. 
DE H\RAI,-AU T 2 ''^7 ~? i.v. To be all out, all 

sent out, clean sent out: kuruma ga deharatta, 
the carts are all out. 

DEIIOPAI r'^^4 &&SI adv. (coll.) Speak- 
ing off-hand, at random, without reflection : 

ni iu t to speak at random. 

Syn. DETARAME. 

DEI =? 4 *$_ (dnro) n. Mud; ft kind of paint: 

chit no hnchisu nogotoshi, like a lotus flower 
growing in the mud, (prov.) of one who leads 
a pure life among bad companions. 

DEIDEI =? 4 T 4 n - A class of people of very 
low grade who make their living, the men by 
mending shoes, the women by playing the 
guitar in the streets, the same as hinin, or 
eta, so called from uttering the sound of del- 
dei, as they walk the streets. 

DEIKIN ^ 4 %.y Same as hindei. 

DEIRI 5r >f y & A n. Going out and in ; 
expenses and receipts; a dispute, quarrel, suit 
at law : kane no ga oi, the income and 
expenditures are large; ga am, to have a 
dispute ; de-iri-guchi, a door, common passage 
way : no mono, one who is employed about 
a house. 

DE-IRI-SHI 5r >f 9 Is $> \ ^f n. A lawyer; a 
person who manages a lawsuit^///*/)?. 

DEITO 5? >f f }& i. (doro tsuchi) n. Mud and clay. 

DEJIRO =f & w & J$ n. An out-castle ; one 
besides the main-castle, erected in another 
place. 

DEKAKARI.-RU r # v *-;:$ i.v. Ready or 
about to go out ; to be about to do, about to 
appear: de-lcakatte oru kara nochihodo o me 
ni kakari-mashti, as I am about to go out I 
will see you by and by. 

DEKASHI,-SU 5* # * ?fc $ t.v. To cause to be- 
come, or to succeed in doing; to bring about ; 
to manage to do ; to make : kore wa dekashita, 
how well you have succeeded in doing it 1 ton- 
da koto wo dekashita, done a bad business ; 
dekashi rjao, a countenance expressive of suc- 
cess ; triumphant countenance. 

DE-KASEGI 5^ -ft -^ % ffi n . Business, or 
employment away from home : ni yuku, to 
go away from home to work. 



DEKATA ;r # ft $> -% n. A constable or spy. 

DEKAWARI fr^^y && n. Change in going 
out to service ; doing duty in the place of one 
whose time has expired : no viae, before 
one's time of service is up; ga kitrn, time 
of service is up ; shibai no , the exchange of 
play-actors from one theatre to another. 

DEKI 5r =\- & 2& n. The product ; what is done, 
or finished : ga Kami, it is badly made, or 
done; nani de dekita mono ka, what is it 
made of? kome no ga yoi, the rice crop is 
good ; shigoto no ga oi, the work done is 
great ; dtki ftt-deki ga oru, sometimes it is 
good, sometimes bad ; good and bad; irregular; 

sJiidai mottekoij bring it as soon as it is 
done. 

DEKI,-RU ? '% A* $> ^ i.v. To do, make; to 
produce; to finish; can, able : dfkim-l;a de- 
Itiiin-h'o, can you do it, or not ? delcinai. can't; 
dekineba dekinnkute mo yoi, if you o.-xn't. never 
mind; ie ga dekita, the house is finished ; ko 
toshi wa kome ga yoku dekita, this year the 
rice has done well; are wa yoku dekita hito 
da, that is an honest man ; nebuto ga dckita, 
have got a boil; kane ga dekita, have made 
money ; ko ga dekita, has brought forth a 
child. 

Syn. SHDTTAI SURU, JOJO SDRU, SUEU, ITASU, 
NA8U. 

DEKI-AOARI 5r ^ T ** 9 n. The work, produc- 

tion ; the finish. 
DEKI-AOARI,-RD =f % 7 if *> & ^ _h i.v. To 

be done, finished, completed; all done: ie ga 

, the house is finished. 

DEKI-AI 5r 4 s 7 b n. Ready made articles ; 
articles on hand : --de gozen wo dasu, to set 
out just such food as there is at hand ; no 
kimono, ready-made clothing; no Htnkue ga 
gozariinasit l;a, have you any tables ready 
made ? //, marriage without a go-between. 
Syn. ARI-AI. 

DEKI-AI.-AU ? * 7 7 & ^ ^ i.v. To be ready 



KI-AI.-AU ? * 7 7 & ^ i.v. To e reay 

made; at hand; on hand: saiwai dekiatla 

xhiiia ga fiozarimasu, fortunately I have one 

ready made. 

Syn. ARI-AU. 
DEKIBAI, or DEKIBAE jf % /< >f & ^ ^ n. That 

which is done, or produced ; work ; production ; 

workmanship; the effect, result: gait, it 

is beautifully done ; ga icarui, it is badly 

done. 
DEKIBUOEN 5r^v*yv ^ ^ n. Riches ac- 

quired suddenly, or one who has suddenly 

become rich. 
DEKIGOKORO 5^^3*30 & $K'C? n. Sudden 

notion or fancy ; sudden desire : futo shita 

de tsui warui koto itashimashita, seized with 

a sudden notion I did wrong. 
DEKIGOTO 5r^n*h n. Anything that happens 

or comes of itself without apparent cause ; an 

affair which was unseen and unavoidable ; an 

accident. 
DEKIJINSHO 5 f ^ 1 a?v^-V^ n. Suddenly ac- 

quired riches. 

DEKIBUGKN. 



DEK 



73 



DEN 



DEKIMOXO r * ^ 7 $f )!i n. A sore ; an ulcer : 

yd dekita. I have an nicer ; it has ulcerated. 

!1. SHUMOTSU. HAKEMOXO. 

DEKISHI =f ^ $s %% . n. Drowned: kesa hito 
rjn sliitu, this morning there was a man 
drowned. 

Syn. OBORE-JIXI. 

DI:KI -SOKOXAI.-AU =? * V ^ -f- 7 & $ |0 i.v. To 
be spoiled, or injured, in making ; to be badly 
made: kore \ca deki-nokomii da l;nra tada 
dfftnutsn, as this is badly made I will not 
charge for it. 

DEKI-TAKA ? 3- * -ft u. The amount of pro- 
duction, produce. 

DKKKAI,-KU ? y U 4 adj- (coll) Big ; great ; 
large: dekkaku nutta, has become large. 

DEKO, or DEKU r a ^ j^ A A puppet or 
person with a projecting forehead. 

BOKU =r 9 tf 9 adv. (coll.) Having ups 
and downs ; uneven ; full of hills and hollows: 

to shite iru ; ?/o chi. 

DE-KCCHI r^f- & V n. Place of exit; the 
hole, orifice, nozzle, or door by which any- 
thing passes out ; outlet. 
fDKKrnrno r^n-7fti> n. A puppet. 

i "r 9 *? ~f] b n. A puppet-showman. 
.-RU x^N-fe*' &*t i- v - To meet 
unexpectedly. 

K T^T^V &w\ n- Food cooked in a 
restaurant and supplied to order. 

SHIDA8HI. 

DEMARU =f T >\- %>] n. A fortress, or castle 
in another place, separate from the principal 
one. 

DKMARU 5r-r:^ (de and honorific masu : coll. 
'I'm. pret. denumhita, fut. demasho, 
ueg. dfHi'itsini, nrg. fut. demiisumai) i.v. To 
go out, issue from, proceed from. 

T^v/x'* ^*fl (tahtitakc) n Rice 
and whrut ti< Ms ; fields. 

DEMBO TV/N' A low, vulgar fellow; a bully ; 
things without paying for them : 

(If Slll.i' IC'I HOIIiU. 

AOTA. 

DEMBD =r ^ -f n. A kind of food made of raw 

^ef. 

/ ^ -/ ^ \$ Hf] (tsutae kikn) To know 

;iy ; to bear from others ; a report : 

"t.<u </u >//////,//. knowing merely 

ure of it. 
;'*s-f^ r ~j n. A telegraphic com- 

T'Tsu r v ~f y jRt ^7 (odwi mono) n. 

ilntion). 
V v v tf7 -t;Tf A n. A 

low. 
DEMB r ^ 9? H n. I 

:. A.n inundation, fa 

fjn -urn. 

; or; 
wliethfr ; even if; oev-r. I'ouiid in 

) : inn rlfiiin ii,-l.<> tirtnn 

nitcatori tco torn k<t thiranu, it may be that 
10 



both dog and cat catch the fowls; ame demo 
fnru lea sliiranu, it looks as if it was going to 
rain; yiiki demofnraneba yoi (in, I fear we are 
going to have snow ; uso demo itte. dumashite 
torn ga yoi, if it is even by lying, better cheat 
him out of it ; sore demo iyn dd, I won't even for 
that; neznmi demo hiita so da. it looks as if a 
rat had taken it ; o cha demo agarc, take some 
tea; yuma ye demo nyatte. mii/<J ka, would you 
not like to go up the hills and look about? 
ynku to demo yukanai to demo ii yo, say 
whether you will go or not (it don't matter 
which). 

DEMO ^qe (same as demo, conj., but used as an 
adj.) Any kind; ordinary; common; medi- 
ocre ; middling kind : are wo, i*1ui da, he is 
an ordinary doctor; (jahunha, a scholar of 
common ability ; charlatan, pedant. 

DEMPO T^^ ^ ifiJ n. Fields, farm. 

DEMPO =r > /\ *j ^ ifa n. A telegram. 
Syn. DEXSHIX. 

DEMPO 5^v><^ f|| <i n. Traditional religious 
rites, doctrines or rules ; the bringing and 
introducing of a new Bud. sect : no so, a 
priest who introduced Bud. religion. 

DEMPO :rJ^'# fl^^n. A secretly transmitted 
receipt, said of quack medicine. 

DEMPU 7* v/ iffif A n - A- farmer, husbandman. 
Syn. HYAKUSHO. 

DEMPUN & v / ^ ^ffi (odomi Ito) n. Starch. 

DEMUKAI ^ A -ft b & $> n. Going out to wel- 
come a guest ; going out to meet : ni yttku, 
to go out to receive a friend. 

DEN r ^ fH (tsutae) n. Anything handed down, 
transmitted, or received from others ; tradition. 

DEN 5 f v H (inabikari) n. Lightning. 

DEN 5^5^ $ (mil/a) n. The temple of a knmi ; 
the palace of the Tenshi : hon , the main 
temple. 

DEN =r is T& (to) n. Bice-field : ippo, one 
field. 

DENCHC ^vf-^^^n. In the dwelling- 
place of the Rhfiaun or in the palace. 

DEXPO T^v^^r f$ *. n. A palace. 
Syn. KYDDEN 

DEXDO T ^ #' $ 13j ^H ( m "*7"' ico tsutafni} n. 
1 'reaching the Gospel ; shu. an evangelist ; 
]>reacher of the gospel ; missionary ; / 
shd, a missionary society. 

DEN-EX ^vitv \17 [-'J n. Farm; plantation. 

DEXOAKD *j- v if 9 W ^ n. A kind of 
iiindf of hake.l t>\fu; also a kind of ancient 
music. 

ON y V =f v fflj "J" (t*"t<ir kotnba) n. 
Word; vcilial message; transmitted fro 

on to iinnllu-r: in /. n,. to 1 | ni- 
.n a message; go kud<i- 
fdni hfkn snrn, } 111 others. 

DKNJI rvf & fcfc n. Kicc-ficld; a faun, 
plan! 

rvi?-Y fl< .t " In the Mikndo's 

pulan- : Int- iio hnvr the ju 

of visiting the palace; the /.>//. < r noMea of 

the Mikado's court above the rank 



DEN 



74 



DEY 



DENJU ^vs?^ f Ij Jg (Uutae sazuke) n. De- 
livering by teaching, or instruction : *ttnt, 
to instruct, teach; wo ukeru, to receive in- 
struction. 

DENKA r>-# ^ gl n. A farm-house. 

DENKA r^# ^ "f n. The title used in ad- 
dressing the prime minister or a prince=your 
highness. 

DENKI ? ^ * fg f & (tsutae shirusu) n. Kecords ; 
history ; chronicle ; life : tera no ni kuwa- 
shihu nosete am, it is minutely related in the 
records of the temple. 

DENKI 5^* IE fl n - Electricity. 

DENKITO 5* ^ * h # Ig f(, ^ n. Electric light. 

DENKO =f ^ if V^J HL 3L " Flash of lightning. 

DENKWA =f^yv % A n. Lightning. 
Syn. INAZUMA. 

DENKYO r^-^-Y^ fg ^t n - Introducing c-nd 
teaching religion. 

DENKYO-SHI =f y * ;V Sx { jft $ n. A mis- 
sionary ; evangelist. 

DENRAI r^5>f ff $fc (tmtae-ldtaru) Trans- 
mitted ; handed down, inherited : s/>n2o t/ori 
no hoken, a valuable sword inherited from 
one's ancestors. 

DENRYO =fy\^y W $jfc sum, to hunt (game). 

DENSEN ^"v-fev f^. ^ Infectious, contagious, 
catching, as disease : byd, an infectious 
disease; mm, to be infectious. 
Syn. UTSURU. 

DENSEN ^rv-fev ^ $fc n. Telegraph wire. 

DENSETSU 5* > -fe 3 1f t (tsutae-banashi) n. A 
tradition, story, saying, or report transmitted 
from one to another : nite kikimashita, 
know it only by report. 

DENSHA j- v ^ -y ^ ^~ n. A farm house ; the 
country. 

DENSHA Vvs-'-Y f$ ^ (tsutae utsusu) sum, 
to copy. 

DENSHIN ^rv^v 1 f 5" n. Telegram: 
kyoku, telegraph office. 

DENSHINKI ^"V s^?/^ ^fg^n. The telegraph. 

DENSHO =? ^ Ss 3 ^ J^. See denjo. 

DENSHU ^^^^ ii p 1 n. Tuition; instruc- 
tion : ryo, the price of tuition ; sum, to 
learn, be instructed. 

DENSO ^r v y ^ |a n. Land tax paid by 
farmers. 

Syn. NENGU. 

DENSO yvt# r gff n. Electric battery. 

DENTATSU =r z/ Z y iS iiS WH, to deliver a 
message, to forward or transmit it from one 
to another. 

Syn. TSUDATSU. 

DENWAKI 5rv^^ H ft ^ n. Telephone. 

DERARE,-RU -/ 7 v ^ % & pass, or pot. of deru, 
can go out ; neg. derarenu, cannot go out. 

DERO =f p (coll. imp. of deru) Get out ; go out. 

DESAKARI 5? -f -ft y $ ^ n. The time of being 
out in greatest numbers : yatsu doki iva Into 
no , the greatest concourse of people is at 
two o'clock; huso ga , the height of the 
eruption of small-pox. 

DESHABARI,-RU ?$,>*,**, i.v. (coll.) To rudely 
interrupt others while talking; to obtrude, 



or interfere in speaking: temae ica dcshabaru 
ni wa oyobanai, there is no need of your inter- 
ference. 

Syn. SASHIDERU, DESUGIRU. 

DESHI yf $s %> % n. A pupil, scholar, disciple, 
learner, apprentice : domo, pupils. 

Syn. MONJIN, MONTEI, SHOSEI, SEITO. 

DESHI-HOBAI ? & ft & ri 4 l&l R n. Fellow- 
pupils; school-mates. 
Syn. AIDESHI. 

DESHI-IRI r S^ >f 9 A 1ft (nyu-mon) n. Enter- 
ing school as a pupil ; becoming a pupil iu 
anything ; wo suru, to enter as a pupil ; 
no shugi, tuition fee; kin, entrance 
fee. 

Syn. NYU-GAKU, NYU-MON. 

DESHI-KYODAI ^ S' t- *t # ^ >f ^ )L & n - 

Pupils of the same teacher ; fellow pupils. 

DESO =f U* ^ n. Having the appearance of 
going out; looks like going out : haze ga desu- 
na tenki, it looks as if it would blow. 

DESOROI,-OU T V P 7 & $J i-v. To come out 
fully; every one to appear: hoso ga de*orota t 
the small-pox eruption is fully out ; ine ni ho 
ga desorota. 

DESU x^. (coll. cont. of de gozaima$u), pret. 
deshita, fut. deslio: do desu, how is it? k<ire 
wa oiriyo desu ka, do you want this ? are wa 
kitsune desliita ka, was that a fox? immlu 
kikimasemi deshita, I have not yet hoard ; are 
wa jishin de wa ariniasenu desldtaro ne, was 
not that an earthquake? 

fDESu =r~^ ^.v] n A mint. 
Syn. GINZA. 

DESUGI,-RD T^^T^ ^ i^ i.v. To interrupt; 
to meddle, interfere ; to intrude : 7ucwo, a 
meddler, intruder. 

Syn. DESHABARU. 

DETACHI,-TSU ^ ft y & L i- v - (cont. of idc- 
taclii). To start out ; to start off ; to set out : 
kesa mutsu doki ni detachi-mashita, he started 
at 6 o'clock this morning. 

Syn. 8HDTTATSU, HASSOKU. 

DETACHI =? ft ^- && (same as idf-tachi) n. 

Air ; appearance ; manner ; style of dress. 
DETAGARI,-RU ^ ft -ft A* i.v. Disposed to do, or 

in the habit of uttering. 
DETARAMB ^ ft 7 * n. (coll.) Speaking at 

random ; saying anything that comes first 

without reflection ; off-hand : wo iu, id. 

Syn. DEHODAI. 

DETCHI ^ y f /h & n. A shop boy. 
DETCHI,-RU 5* y ^ ^ i.v. To knead (as dough): 

detchiyo ga wand, it is not well kneaded. 

Syn. KONEKU, NEYASU. 

DEYO r -V ^ The coll. fut. of deru, : to omdte 
itara kyaku ga kita, a guest came just as I 
was thinking of going out ; to omnte itara 
ame ga furi-dashita, it began to rain just as 
I thought of going out. 

DEYOJO 5 f -VT>i? J V > i> ^^^n. Leaving homo 
on account of health : suru, to go abroad 
for health. 

DEYU 7?=t. jJJ *j n - Hot springs. 
Syu. OMBEN, IOJIBA. 



DO 



75 



DOC 



Do F" /? n. A degree in geometry, or division 
of a thermometer; right or just measure; 
time: wo ha ham, to count the dei 
kan-nichi no <it*n*tt ica iku do, how high is the 
thermometer to day ? wo sngim, to exceed 
the proper degree; in shoku no do naki,uot 
regular in eating and drinking ; ichi-do, once, 
or one degree; ni-do, twice; san-do, thrice; 
niaido, often ; ikn do, how often, or what 
degree? do do, frequently ; wo nshinait, to 
lose presence of mind, or to be disconcerted ; 
Gen-rok no , in the era of Genroku. 
Syn. TABI. 

Do b* $ n. A small conical basket used for 
.dung eels : wofusern, to set eel-baskets. 

Do K" A< (tctitasii) sum, to save: (Bud.) 
shuju wo mini, to save all creatures. 
Syn. SAI-DO. 

Do K" *> J}g n. The trunk ; the body ; that part 
of a coat of mail which covers the trunk : 
wo ma, middle part of a ship between the fore 
and mizzen masts; no sugatta hito, a 
-on of a phlegmatic temper, not easily 
excited or moved; taiko no . 

Do b* # ?f (michi) n. A road, way; virtue; 
reason ; doctrine ; principle ; truth. Used 
only in comp. words. 

Do h* i n. A temple, public hall ; a cham- 
. church. 

JV i* $ 3 (akagane) n. Copper. 

Do F" t> ^\ (onaji) Alike ; the same ; together : 

jitsu 15] HI , same day : nen &\ , same 
.r; getsu 15] ft , same month; cliu ]5] BfJ, 

same street ; butsu &\ $7, same thing, alike. 
Do # adv. (coll.) How ; in what manner ; 
for what reason ; by what cause ; in what 
state ; why ; what : sum de aru zo, what will 
he do? naru dard, what will become of him? 
Tukaliashi ira shite iru ka, how is Taka- 
)td*]ii doing? shita, how was it done? how 
was it? shitara yokarfi, what had I better 
do? demo yoi, any how will do, or no 
matter; nari tnmo itashimashu, I will do it 
any way you like ; shiyo, what shall I do? 
or, how shall I do? shite mo dekinai, I can 
by no means do it; kyu wa shite konai, 
why don't he come to day? shita mono de 
. or, daru k<i, what had we better do? 
or, what has become of him, or it ? shite 
mitt mo omnxhiroku run', let me try as I will, 
it is disagreeable ; shita koto yara nmne ga 
:-y breast pains me, I don't know why; 

de gozarimasu, de*n, or d>t, how is 

D meeting) what's the news? or how are 
you? da ka olmt-iikniiai, I am doubtful 
about the result ; iu wakf, for what reason ; 

in Into, what kind of a man. 
Syn. IRAKI, DOS. 

>' ' * V, .$7 n - A worn-out useless horse : 

ni otorn, wor-f than a useless ln-rse (prov.). 

!; ' i>'<f" <B # n. A cope- r l.uwl. 

N b* ff /< t/ t 'jfr n. The keeper of a temple. 

ty >< y |&] 1 (fomrmnii) n. ' 
panion : turn, to go together, accompany. 



DOBASHI }?,*$, i $5 n. A bridge, the floor 
of which is made oi earth. 

DOBATO i? ^ ,* b n. Pigeons that are kept 
about Bud. temples. 

DOBI H" H" ^ SS n - Tne wliite rose. 

DOBIN i? H" ^ i-^, n - A- n earthen tea-pot. 

DOBO V? ^ jjf A> jgr }% n. An inferior servant or 
buffoon of a noble. 

DOBO ty stfy 15] $1 n. Brethren ; compatriots. 

DOBOKU $ $# 9 f|| !H n. A servant boy. 

DOBOKU i? jj? 9 -J_ ^ (fashin) n. Work ; build- 
ing ; construction : kwa, department of 
works. 

DOBU F 7* ^ 5^ n. A ditch, trench, drain : 
wo horn, to dig a ditch ; wo sarau, to clean 
out a drain. 

DOBUDOBU ^ -f ^ -f adv. (coll.) The sound 
made by a liquid flowing from a bottle, or of 
a small thing falling into water. 

DOBUKU f T> -f 9 a|j ?& u. A kind of coat worn 
by philosophers, etc. 

DOBUROKU f? -f \* 9 n. An inferior kind of 
sake, in which the grounds have not been 
strained off : same as nigorizake. 
Syn. MOROMI-ZAKE. 

DOBUEDI i>7*>t"f Jj^l i'jf; n. Shivering; trem- 
bling: ga sum, to tremble. 

DOBUSARI,-RU $?'?*' (coll. and provin.) i.v. 
To lie down, go to bed ; to sleep. 

DOBUTSU V- 1 -f y n. A fat and silly person. 

DOBUTSU 1^^7*5' $)]Vfy (ngoku mono) u. Things 
that have life and motion ; an animal. 
Syn. IKI-MONO. 

DOBUTSU f 7* y _ ^ n. A clay image of 
Buddha ; clay idol. 

DOBUTSU-EN H' ijr 7* y *> f % l}fy g) n. Zoolo- 
gical garden. 

DOBUTSU-GAKU K" ^ 7* 5> ** 9 $h$fy% n. Zoology. 

DOBYO l^^tT'V^ 15] 'Jfa (onaji yamai) Same 
disease ; same sickness. 

DOCHAKU h* f- -Y 9 i. ^f nohei , a soldier who 
cultivated the soil in time of peace. 

fDocni F" ? Same as doshi : together ; be- 
tween ; amongst. 

DOCHI i? f- f fd n. A child ; a young per- 
son under tea years of age. 

Syn. WARAMBE, KODOMO, OSANAOO. 

DOCHIRA ^ f- 7 fpj fcjr pro. (coll.) What place ; 
where ; which : ye ittaka shircimi, 1 don't 
know where he has gone ; no michi wo iki~ 
m/txho ka, which road shall we take? kani 
aide nasatta, where have you come from? 
?it innaiim, where do you live? ga yoi, 
which is the best? demo yoroshii, eitlur 
will do; mo yoroshii, they are both good. 

Svil. IZUKATA. IiOKO, I7.URK, I/ 

DOCHO h*T^> /^i!!JJ.' n. A diploma given to a 

llu 1. ]'ii(st wln-ii ordained. 
DocnO b* ^ f- $ zQ *|* n. In the road ; on a jour- 
; traveling : XNTH, to travel ; de sliinn. 
'^f-^taS'fl&n. A road-book, 
guide-book. 

)' ?-# 5x i$ '!' iV l'"ifors or 
coolies who carry burdens on the highway ; 



DOD 



76 



DOK 



DODAI h* jf 4 i. ^ n. The foundation sill of 
a house ; the foundation ; ground-work of a 
frame. 

DODAN i? # jf jx IS] l^j- A word used to save re- 
petition, ditto : migi , same as before. 

DODAN ]?$#*>' n. Enkianthus jnponicus. 

DODO F* # jt & Is] ll? suru, to travel together ; 
go mtlshhnasu, I will go with you. 

DODO ? # F' $ adv. The sound of rushing 
water, or wind; roaring: to hibiku, the 
rushing sound of water ; umi ga to naru. 

DODOITSU F' F* 4 ? jgH 3ft n. A kind of po- 
pular song. 

DODON h* y ^ {j (orolta) na, stupid, dol- 
tish : na mono, a dolt, ass. 

DOFO y $ i M n Local customs, or man- 
ners. 

DOGAKU F" # a 9 o?^ n. Moral philosophy. 

DOGAKU F" # -ft 9 To] * Learning, or studying 
together with the same teacher, the same 
studies ; a school -mato. 

DOGAMA a-r n. Soft charcoal. 

DOGAME F" i> -ft * $j n. A snapping-turtle. 

DOGANE F" # tf^ ^[v] $ n. A metal band, as 
around a sword-scabbard, or package. 

DOGI F* # ^ %$ 3? n. A corset, or short jacket, 
worn outside of the other clothes in winter. 

DOGI 1* # =\r Sifr i& n. A motion (parliament- 
ary)- 

DOGIGAKU F* V^if 9 -it H * n. Moral philo- 
sophy. 

DOGIRI v* # *$ y J}6] ty n. Cutting the body in 
two by a side blow. 

Doou v* ^ / ajfj^- n - Tools; implements; 
utensils; furniture; arms; weapons. 

DOGUDATE h*/^T ajfj^-ifc n. The scenery 
or decorations of a stage or theatre. 

DOGDSURI F* t? ? -*> 9 >Ac H5I n. Gunpowder. 

Syn. ENSHO, TAMAOUSURI. 
DOGUSURMRE F* $ ? ^ >; J( Ix 

powder flask. 
DOGUYA i? ^ /-Y ag^.g n. A shop where 

second-hand furniture is sold. 
DOGWAI h* / 57 -f /#. n. (iyafhimete Jcaeri- 

niizn) -ni oku, to put aside as not worthy 

of consideration. 
DOGYO b* ^ ^ -V ^r 15] ff (onajiku yuku) n. 

Traveling together; fellow-travellers; going 

together. 
DOHAI F' ^ ^^ >f 15] ^ (onaji tomogara) n. Same 

rank or social position, equals : no aisatsu 

u~o sn/, to salute as an equal. 
DOHAN ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ n. Copper plate for 

printing ; engraved on copper plate: no e, 

a copper-plate engraving ; i.q. doban. 
DOHAN f? >^zs 15] ?^ n. Fellow servants of 

the same dahnyo, same clan, clansmen. 
DOHAN F" &**' 15] \$ (onnjiktt tomonau) n. 

Going along with, accompanying : go ita- 

shhnoshd, I will go with you. 

Syn. TSURE. 
DSHEN ?r ^i/ is] .^ n. In the same state, 

condition ; without change (said only of a sick 

person). 
DOHYO F" b -V i & n. Bags filled with earth. 



DOHYO-BA b*b-Y$<* i$mn- The arena 
or ring made with earth-bags where wrestlers 
perform. 

Doi F~ i> 4 ]S\^ (onaji kokorn) n. Of the 
same mind ; like-minded ; concurrence ; agree- 
ment : suru, to be of the same mind; to 
concur, agree, accord, second. 

Do-i F" 4 Is] ii Same rank; co-equal: 

DOIN F" # ^ $ ^ fj\ A shanipooer who is not 
blind. 

Syn. AMMA. 

DOITSU F* >f ? $ 3%. n. Germany. 

Doiu f $ 4 $ fpj ^ What ; what way, manner 
or kind : mono da, what kind of thing is 
it ? or what is it ? tori, what way ? 

DOJI F~ f* $P ,|f (com. coll.) adj. Stupid ; foolish: 
mi okoto da, a stupid fellow ; na koto wo 
shita, to do a foolish thing ; na me ni mi- 
attti, have been victimized. 

DOJI F" # 2^ 15] yff (onnji to/a) Same period of 
time ; coeval : ni iturii. 

DOJI F" ^ ~J J ^p- n. A boy under 15 years ; 
a child. 

DOJI.-RU b* V -X. A- f& (jfflofc") i.v. To be 
moved, affected, influenced, excited : turu 
keshiki mo naku, no appearance of being af- 
fected or alarmed. 
Syn. KAKZURU. 

DOJIN &y i A n. Aborigines ; original 
inhabitants ; natives. 

DOJO F' ? -V ^ ^ n. A kind of small fish 
caught in small streams and rice-fields ; a 
lamprey. 

DOJO F*i>3?-V#a|t$!n. A hall erected near 
Buddhist temples where the sacred books are 
read ; also a place where the art of fencing is 
taught. 

DOJONIN h*^s?-Y^nv ijtjk-,/^ (' ft/a no ne 
no hito) n. Nobles who have the privilege of 
entering the palace ; the kuge. 

DOKA h* # % n. The title used in addressing 
one in rank superior to one's self. 

DOKA $ *? 1j (comp. of do, how, and ka, doubt) 
adv. Of beseeching, wishing or doubt : tnsu- 
kftai mono da, I wish I could help him ; 
yoi kufft ga uriso na mono du, it seems as if 
there might be some way of doing it ; o 
tnnomi-nwshi-masn, please help me; k>~ka 
deki-agatta, I have at last somehow finished 
it; kuha itnshite. mairimeuh5 t I will do it 
some how or other and come ; yosa so de 
gozaru, I rather think he is better. 
Syn. DOZO, NANITOZO. 

DOKADOKA F" ^ F" -ft adv. The sound of loud 
steps : to arukn ; to shite kiirit. 

DOKAKU $ *? -to 9 I5] fo (oiwji kurai) Same in 
rank. 

DOKE.-RU ^^^;i- i.v. (coll.) To jest; to act 
the buffoon ; to talk for the diversion of 
others : moo, a jester, buffoon, clown. 

Syn. HTOGKRU, FUZAKERU. 

DOKE F* ^ jr a^ ^ n. (coll.) A buffoon, jester, 

clown. 
DOKE, RU F' ^ *- aB t.v. To put out of the 

way, move to one side : doke, go away, get oul 



DOK 



77 



DOK 



of the way; mono wo dokete smcant, to push 
anything aside and sit down. 

Syn. NOKERU. 

Poiu V i> * |# ^ n. Palpitation of heart 

PoKi h* ^ -^ $. u. Earthenware. 

Doici H" t 35 3ft n. Anger : wo nadamerit, 
to soothe anger ; ico jukumu, to feel angry. 
Syn. IKARI. 

DOKI.-KU F' 9 dj| i.v. To get out of the way ; 
to move aside: iratiikuthi tea dokiinasn annta 
u snicari nature, 1 will move out of the way, 
do you sit down. Syn. NOKU. 

DOKIDOKI b* % F" * ^ )$ adv. Beating of 
the heart; palpitation: muiie ga sum, 
heart went pitapat. 

DOKIX $ % is ]S\ %}) (onaji tsutome) n. Same 
official employment ; same duty. 

DOKIX F~ * > !>] | Sleeping together. 

DOKKAIU-TO K % y 1) !J h adv. In the manner of 
a sudden and violent fall : sincaru, to sit 
down suddenly and with violence ; to come 
down with a bang. 

DOKKKSHI $ 9 >r *s ~$\ 3$. n. An antidote to 
poison. 

DOKKI 9 % $ ^ n. Poisonous air or gas. 

DOKKO b* 9 U ?? $3 ?f (hitori yuku) mini, 
to travel alone, go alone. 

DOKKOE-DOKKOE i?9u-xh*93-xn. A lottery 
wheel used by persons who sell candy in the 
streets. 

DOKKOI b* -y a >f Exclamation used in lifting or 
making exertion. 

DOKKYO h* 9 % 3 $3 ^ (hitori oni) Living 
alone: xrmi, to live alone. 

DOKKYO i* 9 % *T $% &5 -q- dokn-ki/<~>. 
> h* # n |fl s n. A copper boiler. 

DOKO h* a fpf ^ adv. Where : no hi to da, 
where is he fruin '? what country is he of ? kano 
]ian wa dedekimushita, where was this book 
made? ye ynkn, where are you going? 
madf mo, to every place ; to what place sot v i ; 
kara, from whence? ni mo, every wht-re; 
vith a neg. verb, nowhere; ni ite mo, 
wherever he is ; no kuni, what country? 
hiiu, what person? tic/ii wa da, where 
do you live? ye mo ynkn no wa iya da, I 
won't go any where; demo y<>i, any place 
will do; hi tea demo atnni, tin- sun shines 
even whri ; 20 ni am de aro, I think they 
are in SI-UK-. ])lace; to mo nuxlii ni ynkn, to 
go, not knowing where; ka ni or dokka n/, 

re, some place or another. 
Syn. IZOKU, DOCHIHA. 

DOKO i? ^ W if (onajiku ynkn). Going 
together: mru, to accompany, to go to- 

'' a fr Kl TL (hitomi) n. (mod.) The 
il of the eye. 

IN t -j *? J i/ i ^ ^ n. The god of 
pound. 

KU K ^ 3 ^ 010 (oi;'i /.-MMI) n. Same 
jut, a peraon of tlje same count i \ . 
t. 

DOKI: v* 9 jfc Poison : nt ataru, to be poi- 
utied ; wo ketu, to counteract poison ; na, 



poisonous, hurtful; ro knrawaba sara made 
nebiire (prov.) ; dnkn-ja ^ $fc, a venomous 
snake; dokn-gyo ^. $ % , poisonous fish ; 
mn.ihi ^. JJ&, poisonous insect ; do 
poisonous liquor ; doku-yaku $. ^, poisonous 
medicine ; dokn-ya ^ $j, poisunea arrow. 

DOKC F 9 ffi Alone; by one's self; single; soli- 
tary (only used in compounds). 

DOKUBA i* ^ /\ ^ ^ u. The poisonous tooth 
of a snake ; a tang. 

DOKDDAMI b* 9 if \ ffi n. Kind of plant, the 
Houttuynia cordata. 

DOKUDAN F' 9 if ^ $g 6$r (Idtori-sadame). Decid- 
ing a matter one's self, or alone, without 
conferring with others. 

DOKUDATE ? jfT $ #2 n. Abstaining from 
hurtful food; regulating the diet: wo snrn, 
to diet, to abstain from hurtful food. 

DOKUDOKU i' 9 ^ ^ adv. The sound of water 
flowing from a bottle; gurgling: miznga toknri 
kara to dent, water flows from a bottle with 
a gurgling noise. 

DOKUDOKDSHII,-KD ? ? is 4 f^& adj. 

Poisonous ; hurtful ; injurious. 
DOKUGAI b* 9 if -i $^ ^ suru, to kill with 

poison ; to poison. 
DOKDOAKU i* 9 if 9 $$ ^ (hitori manabu) 

Studying or learning by one's self ; self-taught. 
DOKUOIN H*^^v$$s- (hitori utuii) Singing 

alone or by one's self; humming. 
DOKU-IMI F % y 4 \ 3fc & Avoiding hurtful food ; 

dieting. 

Syn. DOKUDATE. 
DOKUJU h* ^ ^ a. If |J Beading the Buddhist 

sacred books. 
DOKUKYO b* 9 % -V *? $% $ (kyo wo yomu) 

Keciting the Buddhist sacred books. 
DOKDMI K" 9 \ $j;- *fc n. Tasting to prove 

whether a thing is poisonous or not. 
DOKUBAKU $979 $$ $* (hitori tanoshimu) 

Happy by one's solf. 
DOKDUO h* 9 p $ f| (atama bone) The skull 

(of a dead person). 
Syn. siiAiiiKOiiE. 

DOKCRYO h* 9 9 -y ffi ^ (hitori tachi) Stand- 
ing alone; independent; free from the control 

of another: shu-kuku da kara mi di-kinn, 

it is too small a country to become inde- 
pendent. 
DOKUSAI b* 9 V A $3 $ (hitori tabaki) n. 

Absolute rule. 
DOKUSATSU i* 9 -9- ? $. ^ n. Killing with 

poison ; poisoning : sum. t<> pojs..n. 
DOKUSHAKU $ 9 ** *( 9 HKfjyj (/i///-i A-MMII) 

Drinking wine alone, or pouring out wine fur 

self. 
DOKUKHIN h* 9 ** V 83^ (hitori mi) Sin^lo 

person; tinin;iri n ,1 ; living ulon 
DOKURHO h* 9 is g & ^r ('*"" wo yomn) Head* 

ing books: mnn, t<> K-IU! 1>" 
DOKUYOKB b* ^ 3 >* ^ f.ft n. Dieting or ab* 

stainin;- from Inn tli.. 

'* -* ^ y 8B^ (hitori tuwaru) Sitting 

alom . 
DOKWA i? 9 V i Vt Copper coin. 



DOK 



78 



DOR 



DOKYO V* * 3 T] 1% Living together in the 
same house ; boarding together. 

DoicY5 i? # ^ -Y 15] $H (o/wy't <o) Native of 
the same place: no hito. 

DOKYO 1? * 3 n. Courage, spirit : ga yoi, 
bold, courageous ; ga suwatte ont, cool and 
courageous. 

DOMA t? -* j^ fpj n. The small unfloored court 
at the entrance of Japanese houses ; the pit in 
a theatre. 

DOMAKI i* # -r * IB $ n. A long wallet (tied 
around the body) for carrying money. 

DOMHURI I* vy 9 n. A porcelain bowl; the 
sound of a body falling or plunging into water. 

DOMBUTSU i* z/ -/ y $> $7 n. A blockhead ; a 
dunce. 

DOMEI h* # * >f 15] M. (onajikn chikan). Al- 
liance, confederacy : snru, to form an 
alliance, or confederacy; koku, confederate 
government. 

DOMIN I* 5 v i ^; n. A farmer. 

DOMMETSU ^ j* y &'$< (nomi horobosu) 
x'ini, to seize or take violent possession of. 

DOMO ^ ^ ^ff A plural ending : u'atukuxhi-domo, 
we ; onna-domo, the women ; musume-domo, 
the girls ; omae-domo, you ; fushiyi no koto , 
many wonderful things. 
Syn. RA, TACHI. 

DOMO b* n ^- Subjunctive suffix to verbs, though, 
although but : miredomo miezu kikedomo 
kikoezu, they look at but do not see, listen 
but do not hear ; ame wafnni keredomo inniri- 
mn*hita, he went although it rained. 

DOMO F" ^ ^ (comp. of do, how, and mo, even) 
adv. or interj. expressing admiration, difficulty, 
doubt, quandary: myd da, how wonder- 
ful ! shiyo ga nai, there is no help for it, 
(do as I may) ; mienai, I can't see it (do as 
I may). 

DOMO h* $ ^ $ j? It n. Children, the young. 

DOMORI K" ^6 9 **, 11. Stutterer, stammerer. 

DOMOUI K" ^ * 9 n. The watchman of a tera. 

DOMORI,~RU i? ^ H- *. i.v. To stutter ; to 
stammer : ano hito ica kuchi ga , that man 
stutters. 

DOMPEI b*v-;>f ^ fjf- (awase nomn) sum, 
to annex, encroach on; to absorb, as an 
adjoining country. 

DOMYAKU ^ ^ < -V ^ % ff. n. Artery : ryii, 
aneurism. 

DOMYO K" # * $ 15] $ n Having the same 
family name. 
Syn. DOSEI. 

DOMYOJI b* ^ ^ 3 ^ ? n. A kind of food made 
of rice steamed and dried. 

DON i* i/ (nibui) Dull; blunt; stupid : don-to 
^77, a dull knife; don-na hito, a stupid person. 

DON i* y $% (cont. from dono) A common title 
of address to servants, or inferiors, as Kiu don, 
Mr. Kiu ; Kame don, Mr. Kame. 

DONABE +*s i^ n. An earthen pot. 

DONAN F" ^ ^ 2^ ] % n. A boj', young man. 

DONARI,-KU p'^->u i.v. (coll.) To speak and cry 
out with a loud voice, vociferate ; to speak 
angnly: doiuiri mawaru, to go about talking 



in a loud voice (as one scolding); sauna ni 
donarnzu tomo yoi t you need not speak so 
angrily. 

DONATA * ft Ppj |il pron. (coll.) Who; whom: 
l<ore U'a 710 hon de gozarimasn, whose book 
is this? donnta-demo kite kudasare, please ono 
of you come here (in speaking to several per- 
sons at once) ; de gozarimasu, who is there? 
who is it? who are you? 
Syn. DARE. 

DONCHAN i? v 'f- -V v n. Confused sound ; a 
noise of disorder, or tumult. 
Syn. AWATERU, SAWAOU. 

DONDON y* > h* v t ^ adv. The sound of 
beating a drum, or rolling of a wagon, of a 
person running : wata wo Yokohama ni 
hakobu, cotton is brought to Yokohama in 
frequent and large quantities; hito g a fca- 
kette kurn; ttii-ko to hibiki wataru. 

DONGAME ?/)]* ^ gf n. (coll.) A large 
kind of tortoiso. 

DONODRI ^ ^ / 9 n. An acorn. 

DONKAKU b* z/ * 9 $fc -^ n. An obtuse angle. 

DONNA ^ v -h (contr. of dono yo nn) What 
kind? how? mono de goz<trimasu, what 
kind of thing is it? ni bimbo d<iro, how 
poor he must be ! ni katai koto de atte mo, 
however difficult a matter it may be. 

DONO ^ ) $\ (same as tono) n. A title, same 
as sntiin, u>rd in bonds and documents, also 
in speaking to inferiors. 

DONO b* ) (coll.) Which? what? how? hito, 
which person? kuni, which country? 
yd ni, in what way? dono-kurai, how mii'-li? 
dono y<~> ni )/oJ;u unite mo fuj<> ni gozaru, how 
well soever you may wash it, it is still dirty. 
Syn. IZURE NO, IKANARU. 

DONSAI b*vlT>f $kj- n. Stupid; dull-witted; 
doltish : nn hito, a stupid fellow. 

DONSU b* v^ jfU -^ n. A kind of silk fabric of 
which belts are made ; damask ke , woollen 
damask. 

DONTAKD b* ^ # 9 (a word derived from the 
Dutch) n. Sunday ; a holiday. 

DONTEN i* v 7- v g| ^ n. Cloudy; gloomy 
weather. 

DONYO b* *j n 3 g -^- n. A girl, young woman. 

Syn. ME NO WARAWA. 

Damn b* > -feM ^ ^ (kuiai wo sum), *uru, 
to kill by biting; to destroy. 

DONZUMARI h* v */ * 9 (coll.) n. The end, 
upshot, conclusion, final issue: ye itte 
komaru (biro. 

DO-ON f? t? 4- v 15] ^ (onaji koe) n. One voice; 
same sound : ni, with one voice. 

DOPPO V" 9 -fa $/ $ To walk out alone ; to take 
a walk alone; to be alone in talent or ability ; 
above all others : ko-kon ni snru no sai ri. 

DORA }? 7 $j\ |if n. A kind of gong suspended 
before idols and struck by worshippers to 
arouse the attention of the god; also used at 
funerals. 

DORA i? 7 (coll. coutr. of ddrakn) Dissolute; pro- 
fligate ; vicious; abandoned: munuko; 
nutsuine; dotu -iieku, u cut given to stealing. 



DOR 



79 



DOS 



DORAKH b* # 7 ^ f ffl (coll.) Given to vice 
and dissipation ; dissolute ; vicious ; profligate : 

mono, & dissolute person. 
Syn. HOTO. 

DORAN $ 1? *? y f &t n. Disturbance ; com- 
motion and confusion such as is caused in a 
country by war. 
Syn. SODO, BUSSO. 

DORAN b* # ? y $fc $JJ A leather bag or wallet ; 
knapsack ; satchel ; cartridge box. 

DORE b* # V A word used in answering one 
calling at the door; i.q. dare. 

DORE b* \s Which : ga ft, which is the best, 
or which do you prefer? mo oimjikoto, they 
are both alike; demo yoroshii, either will 
do; kono hon no nchi ni ant, in which of 
these books is it ? no hikidaxhi ni am, in 
which drawer is it? hodo, or dake, how 
much? 

Syn. DOCHIRA, IZURE. 

DORK b* U exclam. hai-kenitasomise-nasare, 
I would like to see it, show it to me. 

DOREI b* u 4 & $ n. A laborer, coolie ; a 
slave. 

DORI b* ^ 9 af! QJ (michi) n. Eeason; right 
principle; truth; principles; doctrines; cause 
or reason ; a natural rule or law: tench i no 

, the laws of nature; chu-kfi wa hito no 
okonau beki , loyalty and obedience to par- 
ents are natural laws which men should obey ; 

ico somuku, to act contrary to what is 
right; do-in de dekita mono ka shiranii, 
I should like to know for what reason it WHS 
done. 

DORO b* P ;$. n - Mud: no nwt, a sea of 
mud; koneru, to mix mortar, no nnka 
no hachisu, the lotus growing in the mud 
(prov.) ; no yd ni y<lta, drunk as mud 
(dead drunk); doro-mabure, smeared with 
mud; mizu, muddy water; prostitution; 

mizu ni shizntmi, to become a prostitute. 
DOBO b* # ig 5 n. A way, road, highway. 

n. MICHI. 
DOBOBO b* n ?tf *} & n. A thief, robber 

Syn. NCSUBITO. 

DORO-DOUO b* P b* n J{ /( adv. (coll.) Rum- 
bling sound, a of distant thunder, or cannon, 
or walking: nzntmt n<> ot<> //a 

to hihiku, the rumbling sound of (distant) 

.on. 
DOBO-KOSK P o 3 -^ n. Mixing or working 

tar. 

DOHOTA b* P Sf n. Very wet rico- fields. 
DomoTOKR b' p 3 >r n. A splasher, or guard to 
keep off j. 



'' * * IBJ ft n. Samo kind ; same 
clM or sort ; an R< 

Ittople associate with those of 

' Y t ? fi n. Talent ; ability ; ca- 

nuasure. 

' a i. ft n. A mole. 

MUOUBAJI 



DORTO |f ^ v ^ ^|K n, A colleague, fellow 
officer. 

DORYOKU b" >; 3 ^ ty -ft (ttutomfru) nrtt, 
to exert one's self; to use every effort. 

DOSA. i* ^ -9- <i vj? n. A stuff made of glue 
and alum, for glazing paper : wo hikri, to 
glaze paper. 

DOSA-DOSA $y- i? -9- adv. (coll.) In a tumultuous 
and hurried manner: to knrn. 

DOSAKU $ t?1r ? 15] fa n. Made by the same 
person; Fame maker. 

DOSAKUSA b* -9* ^ If adv. (coll.) Confusion ; tu- 
mult; turmoil: mag ire ni mono wo torn, 
taking advantage of the confusion to steal. 

DOSAN b* ^ -9- v f# ;r n - (!eg.) Personal or 
movable property: fu , real e-state, or 
immovable property. 

DOSATSU b* ^ -f y VJSI ^ (*atoru) snru, to 
understand clearly the circumstances : minjo 
wo shite kane wo tamau, knowing the con- 
dition of the people he gave them money. 

DOSEI b* t> -b 4 15] ii n. Same family name ; 
consanguinity ; blood relation : metorazu, 
blood relations should not marry. 

DOSEI b* -b 4 i. jj, n. The planet Saturn. 

DOSEI b* -to >f 4% |$ (y<~>su) lit. moving or 
rest,=the condition, or movements as of a 
hostile army. 

DOSEN b* ^ -b v $ft ,^ (akagane no ito) n. 
Copper wire. 

DOSHA b" i> ix -V Jg ^f- n. A religionist, devo- 
tee; a pilgrim. 

DOSHA b* 5^-V i ?j? n. A powder which ap- 
plied to the body of a dead person is said to 
relax its rigidity. 

DOSHASKI P $ I* V* 4 ?fi ^ fft n. Ammonia. 

DOSHI b* !> i' $/;l^ (hataraki kotoba) n. (gram.) 
A verb ; also called yogen, or kwatsu-yoijen. 

DOSHI b* ijt ^ 5i|i (impure ttishi, used only in 
compounds) Constantly; continually; without 
ceasing : yomi-ddshi, constantly reading ; ?/"- 
dmJii, the whole night; kami wa imtntnri- 
dilshi nttri, the gods are constantly guarding us. 

DOSHI b* '> $/ I.i] -- Amongst themselves; with 
each other; together; in company: onna-dvshi 
t,-i;i ni ma int, women go together to the tem- 
ples ; tomo-dachi ddshi sake wo nomu, tho 
friends drink wine together. 

Syn. NAKAMA, DOCHI. 

DOSHI b* i!r ^ Bg ? n The pupil of the eye. 

Svn. HlTuVI. DOK5. 

DdlBZ b*^ *s *$^ip n. Tho leading priest in 
saying mass, or any religious ceremony. 

: b' '/ v' F,.] ^ (annji hnki<ntzahi) II. Liko- 
iiiiinlfil ; liiiving tin- sain-' juirsuit or object. 

v b* i> i' >f ^ -9" n. A c'ivil war; 
,iing atnong^l themselves ; intornecino 

:N- ftjisy n>] <C? {onnji koknrn) n. Tho 

sunn' mi . : also, a constable or 

nan. 

IN- b* # I" y at! '^ A novice, or one re- 

1; a 

it occupied with religion: 
usuki hito. 



DOS 



80 



DOZ 



DOSHI-UCHI i? $*> # f* n. Same as doshi-ikusa. 
DOSHOKU b* i> j' 3 ^ 1?] $& (ona/ tsutome}. In 

the same office or employment; colleagues. 
DOSHOSHU i?ifr3*-V#a' ^T_h3ft n. The 

ministers of the Mikado who are privileged to 

enter the palace=/cu#<>. 
DOSHUKU, or DOSHIKU \? ?? Ss =L ? 15] fa n. 

Stopping or lodging together at the same inn: 

snru, to lodge together. 

Doso i* # y T> Is] ^ (onaji mado) n. Fellow- 
students; alumni of the same school: kwui. 

Doso l* y # i. 3jf (tsuchi ni hoinuru) n. Bury- 
ing in the ground; inhumation. 

DOSOKU $ y ft i J5. n. Dirty or muddy feet : 

no mama de uchi ye hairu, to enter a house 
with muddy feet. 

DOSSAIII b'^'lM )adv. Much; very many; 
DOSSHIHI 1? y l> ; [plenty; abundant: kokoni 

ishi ga aru, the stones are thick here. 

Syn. TAKUSAN. 
Dossu F" y x. n. Leprosy. 

Syn. RAIBYO. 
Dosu F* * # ^ ^C n. The degree, as of heat, 

or latitude ; the number. 
DOSU-AKAI b* :* 7 # 4 adj. A dirty red; too deep 

a red, or exceeding what is proper. 
DOSU-GOE F ** =f ~ A fierce, excited, harsh 

voice. 
DOSUOUROI h* ^ / n >f adj. Of a dirty or too 

deep a Mack. 
DOTE b* 7- n. A mound, or bank of earth ; 

a dyke, embankment: wo kizuku, to throw 

up a dyke ; wo hint, to open a dyke. 

Syn. TSUTSDMI. 
DOTERA b* 7- y n. A long wadded coat worn 

in winter. 
DOTO b* b ijr 15] f (onaji fcurai) n. Same 

rank, class, or grade ; coequal. 
DOTOKU b* ^ b 9 ig l n. Morality : gaku, 

moral science. 
DOTTO V? y h adv. Sudden burst of noise from 

many persons; as: ivarau, to burst out 

laughing; homeru, burst out in praise; 

yobu, all cried out at once. 
DOWA K" ^ y 3ft 1^ (michi no hanashi) n. Ke- 

ligious, or moral discourses : wo cho-mon 

guru, to listen to religious discourses. 

Syn. SHINGAKU-BANASHI. 

DO-WASTJRE K T> y ^ V j^ & n. Suddenly for- 
getting ; not able to recall what one knows 
well: wo shite omoi-dasenu. 

DOYA-DOYA b* -Y l ? -V adv. The sound of the 
feet of many persons walking : kuru. 



DOYAKU b*# *f 9 15] j (onry't fswfome) n. Same 
office, same public service ; colleague. 
Syn. DO-KIN. 

DOYASHI.-SU F" "V ^ t.v. (coll.) To strike, hit, 
smite. 

Syn. BUTSU. 

DOYO b* -at !6fr fe (ugoku) n. Motion ; agita- 
tion ; excitement: guru, to move; to be 
shaken ; to be agitated, disturbed. 

DOYO b* 3 i. jfl n. A period of some 20 
days in each of the four seasons, especially 
of greatest heat in summer. 

DOYO b* 3 15] Same way; same manner; 
alike; same. 
Syn. OXAJIKOTO. 

DOYOBI b* Jt i> t i fff? ^J n. Saturday. 

DOYOBOSHI i? 3 tff sx n. Drying things likely 
to mildew in the doyo period of summer. 

DOYOKO b* # 3 ^ JP^ Greedy; covetous; avari- 
cious : ammari na mono, a very covetous 
person. 

Syn. MU8ABOKIT, YOKUBARU, TONYOKU. 

DOYOMKKI,-KU ) b* a ^ ^ i.v. To make a noise, 

DOYOMI.-MU ) or a loud sound ; to reverberate, 
resound : yama no doyomu sJiika no koe, the 
cry of a stag reverberating among the moun- 
tains. 

Syn. HIBIKU, TODOROKU. 

DOZAI b* ^ ^ 4 15] |- (onaji tsnmi) n. The 
same crime or offence ; same punishment. 

DOZAEMON K" -9* je. * v n. The name of a man 
who was celebrated for giving a decent burial 
to the bodies of drowned persons ; hence the 
name came to be used for a drowned person. 
Syn. DEKISHININ. 

DOZEI b* # -fe 4 15] ^ n. The crowd or com- 
pany ; a retinue. 

DOZEN b* ^ -fe v 15] tj (mae ni onaji) Same as 
before; alike; ditto. 
Syn. DODAN. 

Dozo V <p$ i jjft n. A mud fire-proof building; 
a storehouse, godown. 
S} r n. KURA. 

Do/o V v* adv. (coll.) Of intreating, beseech- 
ing or supplicating ; please, I pray that : 
Initiate knduaarf, please lend me; sdshite 
kinldsaremane, I intreat you to do so. 
Syn. DOKA, NANITOZO. 

DOZOKU b* ^ v* 9 al f$ n. Priest and people ; 
clergy and laity. 

DOZOKU b* v* 9 15] ^ (onaji yakara) n. Same 
family, or stock. 



81 



E. 



E 



B Eldest brother ; elder. 

.. The placenta; i.q. ena. 
IE ^ $fc u. Affinity; relation; i.q. en. 
E ^ #5 n. A handle: kuioa no , the handle 

of a iioe. 

E Ji ^ u. A picture, drawing: wo kuku, 
i raw a picture ; ni kaku, to picture, or 
s of. 

OWA, EZU. 

E .*. 'jr. n. A river ; an arm or inlet of the sea ; 

a sound, frith, ford : horie, a c;uml. 
fE *. Used in comp. as, e-otoko, a handsome 

tome, a beautiful woman. 

|E *. n. i.q. cda. Branch of a tree, member 
of the body : nme (ja e, branch of a plum-tree; 

t branch. 

jf n. The food of animals, birds or 
.es; a bait: tori ni e ico yarn, to feed the 

'. The name of a tree: eno-ld, the 
willdenowiana. 

The name of a plant, from the 
v.hich oil is obtained. 
**<. (kffrire) n. Defilement, pollution, or 
iul uncleanncss : ni fnreni, to be 

(Incai) n. A meeting, assembly: 

'% n. A fold, layer, ply, sheet, or tiiick- 
uesa : liito t, a single thickness, fold, or i 

' <, double thickmss; iku e, how many 

in. of interrogation, or doubt: 
is it so? or indeed? sliittc iru ka e, 

.'.R at Exclam. of ntnnce, 

anger. ,-. : /.//// 

je, iu ^ t.v. T<> .'t. obtain ; (.1 rcrrivc: 
CMi . // ir,i 

a fortutmt 

;itl sec; *////// ktu n-o r:n, 
r obtain the knowledge of; m>- nttf 
1 1 living CM 

I not say any- 

thiug; ilti-tdi iiiniiKi mo e fzn, could not do 
as ouo won! i i. could not go 

o/io ni tba no 
* ,; A ^i t.v. To eat, 01 



EBU 

(used only of animals, birds or fishes) : tori ga 
ebande in*, the birds nre feeding. 

Syn. TsfjHAMi-. 
EBI x. if ^f< n. A shrimp, prawn: de tui 

iro t.fnrit (prov.). 

fEBi jc. tf ^jj^ n ' The grape : zuru, a wild 
grape-vine. 

Syn. BUDO. 

EBI,-RU jc. if ^ i.v. To burst open, as ripe 
fruit: /.//// <m ebita. 

Syn. )!.\/.i:i;r. 
EBI-ASHI JE. if 7 S/ n. Club-foot ; also called 



n* ^ n. Bent in the back like a 
xf n n. Grape-color; reddish 
n. A kind of padlock 
n. A kind of wild 



EBI-GOSHI 

lobster. 
!Em-iRO 

brow n. 
EBIJO jn b* ^-V '> fl 

shaped like a fish. 
EBI-KAZURA Jt if ^ 



grape. 
Km u\ jn tf 5 ^ $ n. A mat made of bamboo 

on which silkworms are fed. 
EBIKA Jt tf 7 ^ ^ n. A kind of quiver. 

Syn. \AV<.I i. 

Enisu ^i/X ^ n. A barbarian, savau'e. 
EBISU Jtt*^ if. ^ n. Thegod of uealth, and 
guardian of nmrKrN. 

-OAMI x.\*7^lf\ A leaf of ii hook. 
which, in binding, by being folded. ], 
caped being trimmed hy the lir. kli.' 

OOKOUO ^t*^.a*=in n. Savage; cruel; 
barbarowk 

;-,}. ^/t,,i. 

KO *.\- -*)]*? n. A festival celebrated 
in h.'iior ot tli. 'Ith. 

MB Jth'^> n. A kind of edible sea- 
i : i.i[. kmiiliit. 

i .-KU * if X, J ^ i.v. To be barbaroui, 
Bav 

uu * i/ 7 u ;u i.v. To be burst or 

i uit. 
Eno Jt;).' i.|. /'. 

a T. i^ m M ^ B A kind of cap 
wi.in .'i. head by nobles, aluo 

by M 

" a ft 4$ '! ' r "aw 

Ii of home niiimiilrt. 
' 9 |\ n. A nt like R 

;^ for bivakiug hurJ 
clod* and leveling the ground. 



EDA 



82 



EIJ 



EDA *. | n. A branch, bough, or limb of a 

tree ; a limb or member of the body ; a branch 

of a river, of a family, or of a sect, used as 

a numeral in counting bows : Junnmlii no tocJiu 

n i ga sakn, to branch off to another sub- 

ject; yumi Into , one bow. 
EDABURI ot^V; n. Putting forth branches 

(of a tree): go, it; ga warni. 
fEDACHi ap'i- n. Government or public 

service. 

Syn. KWAYAKU. 
IEDAOABII ^.tfif 5 n. A small or branch Shinto 

temple. 
EDA-OAWA *.}?& >\ $ ;l| n. A branch of 

a stream or river. 
EDAHA *. #' >\ %%* n. Branches and leaves; 

subdivision, or branches of a sect. 
EDAMICHI x. jf $ f- ;[ atf n - A branch road. 
EDA-OTORI ^.jfX h !) 11. Inferior to other 

branches or to the main stem of a tree (used 

met. of a branch of a family). 
EDASHIMA ai^^-r n. A peninsula. 
EDA-WAKARE Ji if y -ft ^ n. Branches of a tree 

or family, or branches separated and scattered. 
EDAZASHI j $frf & n. Putting forth branches 

(of a tree) ; i.q. edaburi: ga ii ; ga warui. 
EDO JE i? %fo i, (kegnreta /cum') n This un- 

clean, or sinful world (Bud.). 

Syn. SHABASEKAI. 

EDORI,-RU JE. V? *- ^ t.v. To paint ; to color : 

kao wo , to paint the face, as play-actors do. 

Syn. IRODORU, SAISHIKI SURU. 
EE jc.x. interj. See e. 
EFU je. 7 $f ;f n. A guard-house. 
EFU x. -7 n. A basket for keeping fish alive. 

Syn. iKEsn. 
EFU x. 7 $j ff n. A sign-board attached to 

the baggage of officials, or persons on public 

business ; a charm. 
fEFu 017 n. (Pali) This world; i.q. embu . 

wo mi, a mortal, human being. 
E-FUDE ^7T $/ ^ u. A drawing pencil, or 

paint brush. 
EFURI jc 7 i; n. A tool used by farmers for 

leveling the ground. 
EOACHI jc. a 3- ni, in a pedantic or ostenta- 

tious manner: mono itttku in. 

Syn. KOKOROEGAO NI, MONOSHIRIGAO NI. 

EOAHARA jc.jf;\y n. A child's belly-ache, or 

colic. 
EGAKI,-KU x. if ? g t.v. To draw, delineate ; 

to picture : )i<nin wo , to draw a flower. 
EOAO :n -tf ft $fc jjfc n. A laughing or smiling 

face. 

Syn. WARAI-GAO. 
EGATAI,-KI-KU-SHI mf ft J( fjk^adj. Diffi- 

cult to obtnin ; hard to get; unable to get. 

GO *. a* > ;^ n. A dock fur repairing ships. 
EGO-EGO ^ 3 ^ =f adv. (coll.) Walking in a 

waddling manner, as a goose : shite aruku, 

to waddle. 

EGOMATA ^ =f -r 2 n. (coll.) Bandy-legged. 
EOUI,-KI-KU-SHI x. >/ sx ^ adj. Bitter and 

sour in taste ; rancid. 
EGURI.-RU x. f >\, *l t.v. To cut with a twist- 



EGO 



ing motion ; to scoop; to bore ; to gouge : ana 
wo , to scoop out a hole; me no tuinu KO , 
to gouge out the eye-ball. 

EGCRI-WARUKI,-KU-SHI jc. '/ >; 7 >\- ^ adj. Tor- 
tuous ; winding ; perverse. 

EGUSA jt/-^- n. A tingling sensation in the 
throat. 

f-Eni ai b n. Croup (?) ; also a kind of incense 
or fragrant gum. 

fEniME *.\s * n. Elder sister. 
Syn. ANK. 

EHIRA ^ b 7 n. The frame on which silk- 
worms spin the eooopn=maytfrma. 

EHO Jt^N^ ^ -% n. The point of the compnss 
corresponding to the name of the year to- 
wards which it is supposed to be lucky to f;in> 
in worshipping; as: u no toslti corresponds to 
n no ho, or the east. 

EHON zifrv $*/. n. A drawing book, or 
picture book ; a book that has pictures in it. 

Ei Jt b g^ n. Intoxication; drunkenness : fans 
no , sea-sickness. 
Syn. YOI. 

Ei Jt'>f fg n. The strings of a cap. 

EI,-EU ai 7 g$ t.v. To be drunk. 
Syn. YOU. 

EIBIN *. j \ ^ J$ 4j& (satoki) na, clever; 
smart; intelligent. 

EIBUN JH^T'V ^Fif] n. The hearing of the 
Mikado : u' tassurn. 

EICHI je. J + ^ % n. Divine or superior in- 
telligence, such as the sages pos 

EIDAN 01 4 ^fv 3 Itfr n - Excellent decision, 
or good judgment (of a superior). 

EIEI 3* >f Jt >f Exclam. i.q. eiija. 

EIEI jc >f jc. >f 7J<.7J<. (naga nuya) adv. Forever; 
ever; perpetuiilly ; alwa 

Syn. ITSUMADEMO, NAGAKU. 

EIEI-GOE z>*J( x. 4 3*^ adv. Same as e'ujnp. 

EI-FUSHI,-SU jc. b ~7 "*. fft-ty*. i-v. To be drunk 
and lying down yni-j'iixn. 

EIGO 01 >f a* $c= n. 'The English language. 

EIGOE Jt >f 3*^ n. The cry or song of a num- 
ber of men exerting themselves together, us in 
pulling a rope, etc.: ulnsn. 

EIGURUI,-C Jtb}'*^7 Pftili.v. To be raving 
drunk ; crazed with drink ; to have the de- 
lirium tremens. 

EIGWA ji 4 f y ^ ^ n. Splendor ; magnifi- 
cence; luxury; sumptuousness : ni kuni*n t 
to live sumptuously. 
Syn. OGORI. 

EIGYO oi >f y ^ ^ ^ n. Business ; occupation : 
zei, tax on occupation. 

Eui, EIZURU Ji >f 7f * fft t.v. To compose 
poetry ; to sing : ntu ico . 
Syn. UTAU, GiNzmr. 

Eui, EIZURU * 4 7? n* Jf^ (utsiirti) i.v. To 
reflect, as a mirror ; to shine upon : ynhi ma do 
ni , the setting sun is reflected upon the 
window. 

Eui *. j i? ^ ^ n. An infant, babe. 
Syn. AKAOO. 

EIJITSU ^ 4 i? y T]<. 13 (nagakl hi) n. A long 
day. 



EIJ 



83 



EMA 



EI.TK Jd 4 I-'=L t? ^ & (nagaltu xitmu) A long 

residence: sum, to live long in a place. 
EIKA *. 4 -h f$$t (yomi ttta) n. A poem. 
KIKAKU x. j D 9 4 $1 n. Acute angle. 
EIKAN 01 4 # v ^ ^ n. The admiration of 

the Mil.-i.ilo: at.akarazu. 

EIKKI x.s/*r4 aS^ u - Distant landscape; 
the perspective; background o a picture. 
JL 4 % $&%( 11. Ardent spirit; ardor; 

: courage: teki no wo knjikn. 
*- 4 9 V i? $! #t, n. Glory ; splendor. 

IVO. 

EIKO x. 4 3 $:}& (sakaeru karern) Flourishing 
ami decaying; blooming and withering; rise 
and fall. 

EIKOKU x.4 ^\ 9 3 gj n. England. 
EIKYO 01 4 * 3 i5 j (nuV/ji foifo) Waxing 
mid waning; increase and decrease; ebb and 
llow : tanki no . 

EIKYP x. J( % $ TJ<. X. (nagaku hisashi) Long; 
ting; enduring; everlasting: no majiicuri, 
long intimacy. 

i *. 4 * >f $t ^ (suguretaru na) n. An 
illustrious name ; fame ; celebrity. 
EIRAN jc. >f 7 v ^j |g n. The eyes, notice, or 

seeing of the Mikado. 

EIHYO Jt >f 9 3 $i )& n. The mind, opinion, 
ir thought of the Mikado. 

: *.j{^ 4 jj ;j- (kanhikoki) n. Cleverness ; 
smartness : ability . 

K.-UU x. 4 -yr * n- (5$ J51 i- v - To recover 
n intoxication ; become sober. 
x- 4 *z 4 ?}<. i (kayirinaki inoclii) n. 
rnal life. 

' * 4 -b 4 $j ^ Hygiene: swru, to pre- 
serve health ; kyokit, th<> Board of Health. 
BD x. 4 i' \s i\* ^ ^ i.v. To become 
foolish or silly from intoxication. 
EITAI Jt >f 9 4 ^\\ (nagaki yo) Long ages ; 
r; iil\va\>. 

[, J1ANDAI. 

i.u Ji 4 ft 7 v ^ g$ gH] i.v To fall 
down from intoxication. 

EITA jc. 4 -y Exclam. used by a number of per- 
sons i their strength all together. 

, oc. /{ j=. v 7 -j<. ^^ : (iuigahi) Eternal; ever- 
luting: ni u; ni oni ; no 

*7 & 5$ (M* kfifjaynlii) (il..ry; 

magnificence ; splendor ; p<>mp; luxury: nin- 

'iri, DQmai} glory is 

like the dust before the wind ; gut, luxuii 
OIH eating. Syn. EIOWA, OOORI. 

-;' J 'j n. A hero; an eminent 
and illusti 

.YAKD -^-f-t/v^^^^^n. An 

4 ''' * 7%IS^ (nngnkn t* :,/.) 

nun-. 

' * ^ * *- tfc or ^5- 8fi p 
". U Uf -t n. A servant in 'the Mikado's 
pftlooe. 

' *?**- i.v. To walk with the 
logs wide apart ; to straddle: rjikan-aml.n. 



EJIKI at s? * $3 ^ n. The food of birds, fishes, 
or animals. 

Syn. E, ERA. 

EJIPUTO *. & -? h ^ fa n. Egypt. 
EKAKI jc. # ^ ^: ^ u. A painter, sketchcr, or 

drawer of pictures. 

EKAME oc. ^ jt n . A large sea-turtle. 
EKI Jt ^ ^ n. The art of divining by means 
of diagrams, sticks, etc.: tco mini, to divine. 

Syn. URANAI. 
EKI Jt^ H| n . A post-station. 

Syn. SHUKU. 

EKI Jt ^ ^ n. A pestilence ; contagion ; epi- 
demic: ki, pestilential influences; byd. 

Syn. TAKUBYO. 

EKI JE. ^ ^ n. A campaign ; the time of a 
war : suru, to employ as a servant; to sub- 
ject; chosen no ni, in the war with Corea. 

Syn. IKPSA. 
EKI Ji ^ U n. Profit; advantage; benefit: 

ino nai, unprofitable. 
Syn. KAI. 

EKIBA jc ^ ,{ p ,f ? n. A post-horse, or horses 
kept at a post-station for public use. 
Syn. SHUKUBA. 

EKIBYO jt^if-v^ ^.^n. An epidemic, pes- 
tilence. 

EKIREI J& $ vf ^ $ n. A pestilence, plague. 

Syn. EKIBYO, KYAMI. 

EKIRO oc. % o f| ^ n. A post-road. 

EKISHA ^^^Y^^fn A minister, ser- 
vant; officer. 

EKITEI a^% j~ 4 ^| ^ 11 An inn or tea-house 
on a post-road. 

Syn. YAPOYA, HATAQOYA. 

EKITEI Jt $. 7- 4 Sf^ n. A Letter post. 
EKITEI-KYOKU 01^7-^^x3 ^ ?iB^7 n - Post 

ollice department: niiika, entered at the 

P. 0. 
EKKEX *. y >r f |^ 5L (maiiii, rn] n. Audience, 

interview or meeting with the Emperor or 

persons of high rank : snru. 
EKKI *. y * # ^. n. Joy ; delight. 

Syn. YOROKOKI. 
EKO ^ a ^ fi " Partiality; bias; favoring 

one more than another : hiiki sum, to show 

partiality. 

Syn. HIIKI. KATAYORU, IIKMHA. 

E-Kd *.D i> gj fa Repeating juayers or s . 
mass for the dead, as IJmlilhist }>riest- 
])iaving for blessings upon others: turn. 

fEso x. a n. Kl.lcr brothiT. 

EKOJI ai 3 ^ f?< ]'k [] rn-judico; bij- 

turn, t> rontradict. gninsny, c-all in ques- 
tion ; 7J kntiiiunrii, to b bi(- 

EKORYO ^ * ^ 9 3 ^ " M'"" y paid to Bud. 

ad. 
fEnoso Jt a y a ively. 

T- ^ )' ^ n. A dimple in the check 
when laughing. 

EMA AT* J$ ,$ n. Th-- : illy of 

a horse) hung up in Shint., temples as votivo 
offerings. 

EMAI.-AU *.*-?(& i.v. To smile ; to laugh. 
Syn. WABAU. 



EMA 



84 



ENI 



swallow- 



gg f n. This world : 
n. A redundant or 



EMAKI-MONO ^ v ^ ^ ) n. Pictures in rolls. 
EMBAN oiv/^v $ $. n. Stereotype plates: 

ni torn, to stereotype. 
EMBIFUKU ji v tf 7 ^ #$ J^L 3/1 " 

tailed coat ; dress coat. 
EMBU or EMBUDAI *. v -/ 

NO c/m-i (Bud.). 
EMBTJN .^.vyv /jjf ^1 

superfluous phrase. 

EMI je 5 ^ n. A smile, laughter : ?co 
fuknmu, to smile; no uchi ni yaiba wo 
fukumu (prov.), to conceal a sword under a 
laugh. 

Syn. WARAI. 

EMI,-MU .31 A ^ i.v. To laugh ; to smile. 
Syn. WARAU. 

EMI.-MU .31 A i.v. i.q. ebi, to be ripe. 

EMIGURI n 5 $ 9 n. An opening chestnut 
hurr. 

Eausni je. 5 sx ^ Same as elisu. 

EMIWARE.-RU Jt $ y u *- i.v. To split open, 
like a ripe fig or chestnut burr. 

EMMA Jt w coll. for emu, which see. 

EMMA or EMMA-O .*. v -r |gl JJ| 2. n. The king 
of Hades, who judges the souls of the dead, 
and according to their conduct in this life 
punishes them : no did, the judgment seat 
or court of Emma. 

EMMAN -*- vr v |fl] $f (wadofca ni mitsitru) 
Lit. round and full ; perfect ; complete ; defi- 
cient in nothing; used by the Buddhists in 
speaking of Hotoke, who is said to be Mtintnku 
ein-mtin, complete in every virtue, all perfect. 

EMMOM ^v^Ev $ ffi n - The head-quarters of 
a general. 

E-MO-IWAZU .31 qg 4 ;N 7f ^; v tT a ^j- Un- 
speakable ; inexpressive ; ineffable : ntsn- 
kushiki tokoro, a place of ineffable beauty. 

EMON *. ^6 v $: ij n. The clothes or dress : 

wo tsiiknrou, to adjust or smooth one's 
dress. 

EMONO --n^E ) $f $7 n. Game taken in hunting 

or fishing ; hunting or fishing tackle. 
EHOBI =e.^\) fa ffi n. The leaking along the 

handle of an umbrella. 
EMPKI Jiv^!>f && n. Auxiliary troops; a 

reinforcement. 

Syn. KASEI. 

EMPEN *. v ^! 

nections. 

Syn. SHINRDI. 
EMPITSU ^ ^ h y 
EMPO *. > ;S $ ig 

place : Av 
EMPUN ^2^7'^ 

white lead. 
EMUSHIUO jc. j> $s 
EN, or YEN ^ ^ 
Syn. KINSHO. 
EN .at v $J? (mtmari) n. Lead. 
EN ji v ^ (tsnyai/aka) Charming; fascinating: 

engarn, affected in manner, coquettish; endu- 

tsu, charming; en ni mono-haji shite, unassum- 

ing, modest. 
EN Jt v |g n. (chem.) A salt, alkali. 



n. Relations; con- 



|^ n. A lead-pencil. 
(tili tokoro) n. A distant 
came from a distant place. 
u. Carbonate of lead; 



n. A variegated mat. 
u. (med.) Inflammation. 



EN, or YEN jn v ^ (sakamori) n. A feast, 
entertainment. 

EN or YEN *. v 10 n. The Japanese dollar. 

EN or YEN ^ v #$ n. Itelation ; Ml'tinity; 
connection ; secret cause, influence, or combi- 
nation of circumstances ; the ties, bonds in 
which man are held; fate: fu-fu no , the 
relation of husband and wife ; wo mitxulm, 
to form a connection ; mu-en no Into, a person 
who has no relations or friends; wo kirn, 
to sever a connection or relationship; mni no 
de koko ni kite iru, what strange concaten- 
ation of causes has brought you here? /a* hi pi 
na de fu-fn ni natta, became husband and 
wife by a strange providence; ija aralu 
mata aimashd, if fate permit we will meet 
again; ni hikaru, to be bound or con- 
strained by ties or obligations ; naki s}iuj<~> 
tea doshi-gatashi (Bud.). 

EN or YEN jc. v f|\ n. A verandah; porrh ; 
balcony: ochi-yen, a low porch close to the 
ground; ayeyen, a porch which can be rai.-ed 
or let down. 

ENA Jt -j- ^ n. The placenta. 

ENARANU [ -n -j- j % adj. Extraordinary; un- 

I'.x.'.r.Azu j common; indescribable: nioi. 

ENCHUDOKU Jtvf-^l*^ $$ ^ $ n. Lead- 
poisoning. 

ENDAN jtj^^jx ^|^ n. A consultation about 
or proposal of marriage : wo luogln-lioiitit. 

EMM") jc. */ i* tj % .2. n- A kind of pea (I'i.-nni 
sativum). 

EM)6r,-Ki,-KU,-SHi *. v I* ijt b ^ js adj. Late 
in forming a marriage relation ^u.sed only >t' a 
woman): endui 01111*1, an old niniJ; I'ud'ii 
mono, an article for which there is no dc-Miaml. 

ENGAWA je. v *V\ ^ yi 1 ] n - A portico, verandah, 
porch, balcony. 

ENGEKI jt>y^ i?(^"] n - Theatrical perform- 
ance ; a play : wo mini. 

ENOI aiv^ n. A model of the male member, 
made of paper or clay, and formerly .sold in 
the streets at new year, and kept in prostitute 
houses to be worshiped: yenyi-dtinti. 

ENGI Jt v if %&%* n. The historical record of 
the origin of a Miya or Tera. 

ENGI Ji v ^- $( ^ n. Omen ; sign ; prognostic ; 
luck : (/a yoi, a good sign, lucky ; ya 
u'uriii, a bad sign, unlucky ; no -intnii koto 
wo iu, to say something which will bring bad 
luck. Syn. ZEMPYO. 

EXGI 01 v^ 1 $[ 3*4 n. Commentary; expo.si- 
tion. 

ENGUMI.-MU JC.^/A $$%$ i.v. (coll.) To be 
betrothed, affianced; to.be contracted iu mar- 
riage. 

EXGVMI x. j^ '/ $ n. Marriage relation ; matri- 
mony : jt'o sum, to contract a marriage. 

4ENI je.n n. i.q. enishi. 

lENi Jin n. i.q. ezu. Cannot; impossible, = 
dekinu : ieba-eiti, impossible to describe. 

EN-IN jc. ^ 4 v 1&.7)\ See ennin. 

Ksisni jc.~ ~s $fc n. The same as en; relation. 

ENISHIUA jc. > ^r* ^ ^ : ^ n. A shrub of the 
broom species. 



ENJ 



85 



ERA 



EXJA Jt v i? -Y ^ ^ n. Belations by marriage ; 
connections. 

Syn. SHIXRUI, EX-RUI. 

EXJAKU x.^/ ^** 9 *$ $ n. The wagtail. 
ENJI, EXZURU je. v s? ^ 5? (mn;u/) To be 
displeased or offended with ; to complain. 

jc. i, f-* /j;f ^ n. A redundant or super- 
fluous word. 
ENJIN jc. ^ ;? v fg /^ n. An eunuch. 

jtv^-y^ ^ y_ siiru, to be burnt, 
consumed (only of the Mikado's palace). 
ENKAKU Ji v -ft jr \ ^L (utrm fciiieari) n. The 
history or successive changes ; development : 
iro tsumnbirakii ni sum. 

\ xLzsjr j SI j^ (marui katachi) n. A 
circle. 

x -31 v jr v v JL (fwmi) n. A distant 

: anything seen from a distance. 
: jn v ^ Jt $j (kagiri wo nobasu) sum, 

;ie to another time ; to adjourn. 
EXKIX Jd ^ $ */ i ^ (tot cAifcat) Far and 

near. 

ENKIRI ^ v ^ 9 $*# n. Breaking off the 
conjugal relation ; divorce. 

oiva^^^n. A long-armed ape ; 
baboon. 
Syn. SARU. 

^ f => i ?f Going far away, or to a 
tnt place : sum. 

ENKWAX x. *, 9 t? v |g g n An eunuch or 
chamberhiin. 
a. GI-JIX. 

^ ^ ? & $ n- Extreme heat of 
weather. 

i. 8HOEI. 

in J-- vr:f- ^ ^ n. A fixed day of the 
month, when the god is supposed to be especi- 
ally propitious to worshippers visiting his 
temple ; a fete day. 

*> v Ji^l 11. Postponement; pro- 
;on ; adjournment ; delay; tardiness ; 
lateness; dilatory; slow: sum, to be late, 
slow ; to postpone, adjourn. 

:; 01 ) / ft n. Paints used in draw- 
t..ilet articles: zara, the cups in 
which paints are mixed. 

1 * Sre f. 

>RO oi^aoiftj^n. A young dog; a 
pup. 
Exoni jt ) 9 5& f'l n. Glory ; h 

(tr,i;n kit am) Come from 
'i : nochimbntsn. 

9 ^H (ttot hntmrerti) Disgusted, 
a" .aid separating one's self, 

(Bu<l 
EXRO jt > o iJ5S(<'>i michi) n. A long road, 

tions. 

////.//..;/ n. 

' future con- 

iraint; 

backwardness ; d 
use M a pin 

toki tea kanai 



when a person does not look well to the 
future trouble is near; naku mdsare yo t 
k without restraint. 

S} r n. YOJJX, HABAKARI. 

ENSAN jt > -9- > ^ gfc n. Muriatic acid. 

EXSHA ic.'sisV ffij ^f An eunuch. 

EXSHO *. > ^ 3 ^ ^ n. Hot weather ; the 

heat. 

Syn. ATSUSA. 
ENSHO Jtv-fe^ 'j5?l^ a- Gunpowder: tre, 

a powder flask. 

Syn. KWA-YAKU. 
ENSHO Jtv^aSg^n. A love letter. 

Syn. CHIWA-BUMI. 
ENSHOQURA 31 v-b >> ?* 7 n. A powder maga- 

zine. 
ENSHO n+/i,tr $( ^ ru, to drill ; ma- 

neuver (as troops). 
ENTAI JC->^-fgI^|n. A round or globular 

body; a hall. 

ENTAN ^ ^ * ^ $% f|- n. Ked lead. 
EXTEX Jt v 7- v 5^ ^ (atsui sora) n. Hot 

weather : ni inizn <ja karcta. 
EXTO *.*/ ft ?; ^tflij (toi shima) Transportation 

or banishment to a penal island. 

Syn. RUZAI, SHIMA-XAOASHI. 

ENTO jzisjtt? $% %& n. Sugar of lead. 

Exu jc. 5? 7^ ffi neg. of e t -ru. 

ENYEN Jt v^. v ^^ adv. In a hot or flaming 

manner: to moe-agaru; tunt. 
EXZA *.zsif ^^A n. Involved in trouble 

through the crime of another. 
EXZA JE. v-fl-* gj n. A round cushion for 

sitting on. 
EXZAI je. v / j T %L 3$ (mushittu no tsuwi) 

Punishment inflicted on an innocent person, 

or a crime of which one is innocent : ?ro 

kdniuru, to be punished for a crime which one 

has not committed. 
EX/KTSU j&i^-t/y $[ |% n. Oration; lecture; 

address : aunt, to tell ; to speak ; to address 

an audience; to lecture: ni o yabutnt, no 

need of speaking about; /neat, a inivtin- 

to listen to a lecture or sermon. 
EXZUKE.-RU ai v !/ y /u $$ 3f t.v. To form 

a marriage alliance ; to give in man i 
EXZUKI.-KD Ji v :/ 9 ^^fi-v. Tobealli: 

or contracted in marriage; in mercantile lan- 

guage, to niret with a buyer, or be in demand : 

iiin.-nmi' n-n vmda ruzukiiiMten, my duughter 

is not yet betroth- .i. 
EXZUKI ai v/ 4 fft n. Betrothment ; given 

in mam.. 
EMZURU Ji v ?C ^ fa i.v. To complain of ill- 

treatment; to express pain, urttmitf mono 

in. 

ENZURU *. > 5C ** fa To exercise, perfomi, 
ticc: l>n wo , to parade or ext 
shibai \co , to perform 

'.VS. 

; ^7 n. Father's elder brother,: c/a 



u ; - 

fin nee. 

ERA Ji 9 3 n. The gills of a fish j;it0. 



ERA 



86 



ETO 



ERABARE,-RU -*. 7 ' * v *- ?$ all pass, or pot. of 
erabu, to be chosen ; can choose. 

ERABI,-BU -^ y y" ij|f t.v. Same as erami. 

ERAI,-KI,-KU Jt 7 >f adj. Extraordinary; won- 
derful; remarkable; very: hito da, a re- 
markable man ; o ame gafutta, a very great 
rain has fallen. 

Syn. OSOROSHII, TAISO. 

ERAKU *. y y adv. Very much ; exceedingly : 

atsui, very hot. 

ERAMARE,-RU 3^ 7 v is A* % iff Same as era- 
bar era. 

ERAMI,-MU ^ y J* jg t.v. To choose, select, 
pick out ; to elect : yoi no wo , select a good 
one ; yoki wo erande ashihi wo suteru, choose 
the good and reject the bad. 
Syn. YORU, ERU. 

ERAMI ^75 ^ " Choice ; selection ; elec- 
tion : - ni aznkam, to be choseu. 

ERAMI-DASHI,-SU jc ? $ ^x. jg & t.v. To pick 
out, select. 

Syn. YORI-DASU. 

EBAMI-TORI.-RU * 7 S }, *, jg J t.v. To pick 
out, select. 

Syn. YORI-TORU. 

ERARE,-RU ^.^ \^t^ jfe $ pass, or pot. of ern, 
to be obtained ; can be obtained, or can ob- 
tain. 

ERARENU *. y u * ~fc jfe & neg. of erareru, 
cannot be obtained; cannot obtain. 

EREKITER or EREKI ^ ^ % 7- *, ^ ^ n. (Dutch) 
Electricity: ereki-kikai, electrical machine; 

no hibana, electric spark. 

ERI,-RU je. ** ffi t.v. To choose, select, pick 
out ; to elect. 

Syn. YORU, ERABD. 

ERI.-RU je. in- 18$ t.v. To engrave, carve : ji wo 

i*}>i ni , to engrave letters on stone. 

Syn. CHIRIBAMU, HORU. 
ERI -*. 9 % n. The collar of a coat ; a shirt 

collar. 
ERI-ASHI *. *) f */ n. The loose hairs on the 

back of the neck. 
ERI-DASHI,-SU x. y jf *> $t & t.v To pick 

out, choose, select ; to elect. 

Syn. YORIDASU. 
ERIGE jc. 9 y n. The loose hairs on the back 

of the neck. 

ERIKAZARI je. *) -ft ^ y n. A neck-tie. 
ERI-ICUBI * V ^ if $% . The nape of the 

neck : wo txukamn, to take one by the neck. 
ERIKURI *.*)?*) adj. Winding; tortuous (as 

of a road) : michi. 
ERI-MAKI ^ y -r % < rfr n. A tippet, muffler, 

scarf, or comforter worn around the neck ; 

cravat: wo xiirn. 

ERINUKI,-KU ^ ; * p t.v. To choose, select. 
Er,i-wAKE,-RU *. y y >r )\* ^ t.v. To pick 

out and separate, as the good from the bad. 
ERU Ji n ^ k$ A. painted caudle, such as 

are placed on Bud. altars. 
ERU Ji ;u See e. 

ERU ^ >\, ^ or ^ See eri, or p. 
ESA ^-9- $f t IBS n. A bait, for catching fish. 
Syn. EBA. 



ESARANU mf 7 % adj. Cannot get rid of; in- 



ESASE.-RU at -ij- ^b ;u ^ ffi caust. of ern, to 

cause to get, or receive ; to let another have ; 

to give, bestow. 
ESASHI -*.-*) 1, $% -fa n . A person who catches 

small birds with a pole armed with bird-lime. 
ESASHI-ZAO Jt-if I* rf 7 3$ ^ n. A pole armed 

at the end with bird-lime for catching birds. 

Syn. MOCHI-ZAO. 
ESE Ji -b adj. Bad; mean; vile; infamous; 

wicked; false; weak; unskilful: mono, a 

vile fellow; MS/I/, a weak ox; suiirni, 

prosperity unjustly obtained; kattichi, 

false appearance. 

Syn. uso, YOKOSHIMA. 
ESHAKU ^ *s -Y 9 < 1& n. Salutation ; a 

courteous excuse, or apology for a seeming 

rudeness, as in passing in front of another, 

or drinking before another: sum, to salute; 

to make a formal apology ; enryo mo TUN', 

without reserve or apology. 

Syn. SHIKIDAI. 
ESHI Jt i, rV ti $$ n . A painter or drawer of 

pictures. 
ESHIKI jt 1,% "$" ^ n - An assembly; meeting 

(of Buddhists). 
J-ESHIMO Ji I* ^6 (e and sJtinio expletive) : 

MMUWreHtiba, since I cannot forget. 
ESSHI, ESSURU jc. y -^ A, $$ i.v. To visit a 

superior. 

Syn. HAMIYURU. TOBURAU. 

ESUOATA jc. ^ if ft n. The likeness or figure of 
a person drawn or painted : ic<> or/ainn. 

ETA jc ft %fc n. A class of pt-rsons occupy- 
ing the lowest social position. They follow 
the occupation of leather-dressers <>r borien 
of dead animals ; they are compelled to live 
separate from others and not allowed to cuter 
the house, to sit or cook at the same fire with 
persons out of their own class. (This dis- 
tinction of caste has recently been abolished 
by the Imperial government.) 

ETA Jt Jt pret. of cru, have got; have obtained; 
kiki-eta, have succeeded in hearing. 

ETE Jt f- pp. of erit. 

ETE ^T ffi^f- i). (coll.) That which one is 
most expert in doing; skillful or versed in; 
specialty: teppu fja da, an adept in tli 
of a gun ; nan-zo ga am /.-a, is there any- 
thing at which you are expert ; kattc iro 
sum, to do what one is best at or likes best, 
or is most convenient ; ni ho 100 agiiru 
(prov.), to give sails to dexterity. 
Syu. TOKUI. 

ETE.-RU JC-T'-H- ^ ^- (contr. of ete and ant) 
i.v. (coll.) To be skilled or versed in ; to be 
an adept at, expert in, experienced in : ett'ta 
koto da kara shiyasui, as it is a thing I have 
experience in, it is easy to do. 

ETO x.*-?? Tg & sum, to give, bestow; go 
MO thina, something you gave me. 
Syn. CHODAI. 

ETO ^c. h \}J "i. The ten stems used in naming 
years, days, etc. 



ETO 



FtJB 



ETOKI ^ f * ? n. (coll.) Explanation ; 
illustration : ico aunt, to illustrate or ex- 
plain. Syn. KUNDOKI. 

ETOKU OE. } ? i*>- $ gum, to comprehend, 
understand. Syn. SOMI-KOMU, OATEN SUBU. 
fEroRi x. h 9 $fc Jfc n. The same as eta. 

*? (yorokobi) n. Joy; gladness: 
tiii ni zonji .--on i, shall be greatly delighted. 
ETSUBO xiytf 4% 3? n - Laughter; amuse- 
ment, used only in the phrase : ni in/, to 
laugh, be amused. 

tExsuRi *. 7 9 n. The rafter (of a roof) ; ribs 
of an umbrella; lathes of a plastered wall. 

: AJI je. ^ -r i? Cannot get=uru /cofo tco ^'/. 
I'.YAMi Jt-v 5 ? Pestilence ; plngne. 
,\A m-y/N exclam. Indescribable. 
-^V^ $ JtF n. (coll. for ei-yd) Luxury; 
.udeur; magnificence; splendor: waya mi 
no tco koto to nasu, made luxury in living 
his chief business. Syn. EIQWA, OOORI. 



EZARU x. if A- } T^^f neg. of eru, cannot get or 

Ezu ^-yf. j" obtain ; unable to do : yaiitu koto 
iroezu, indispensable; necessary. 

Ezo at -9-* i> $3 'fe n. A portrait, likeness 
(drawn with a pencil). 

Ezo *. v* jg ^ n. The island of Yesso. 

Ezu -^ >/ $& gjj n. A chart, map, plan (of a 
building) ; a picture, print : wo hikit, to 
draw a plan, or picture; tro kaku, id.; 
hiki, a drawer of charts; an architect. 

Syn. HINAGATA. 

^Ezi'iii ^/;\- " i-Q- edachi. 

EZUKI.-KU-SHI jc. +/ $s adj. An irritation or 

painful sensation in the eye, as if from a grain 

of sand. 
EZUKI.-KD x.y*f pg i.v. To gag, reach, or 

make an effort to vomit ; to be sick at the 

stomach. 

Syu. MUJLA.TSUKU. 



fFo 7 %. n. Plot of ground covered by trees 

:ass (used only in comp.). 
Fu 7 F n - A charm, spell. 
Fo 7 8ft The abdominal viscera: roppu, 

the six abdominal viscera ; nuke mono, a 

dunce. 
Fc 7 -$ u. A pawn in the game of chess: 

tco ut$it, to place a pawn ; wo tsuku, to move 

) Jj n. A spot, speck, mark: fja 'ini, 
to be spotted ; in', spotted, speckled ; torn 
, the spots on the tiger. 

MADARA. 

-y $ n. A kind of food made of wheat- 
the shop where the above is sold. 

& n. A woman, a wife: jin, a woman ; 

. 

#f n. An ini])erialcity, of which there are 
thn c only in the empire, viz., Kyoto, Osaka 

k ; musical marks or 

's : tro init-- itt.in ; ir<) ij<iinn ; gn 

Po ' ative prefix, uued only in com- 

pound words. 
PO 7 *> Exclam. of anger or contempt ; pooh ! 

FCorFi; 7 * * n. A hu.sband: fu t husband 
Syn. OTTO, TEI 



FC 7 ^ & n. The closing of a letter ; an en- 
velope, seal, or enclosure : wo kirn, to break 
a seal ; wo hiraku, to open a letter ; ippu, 
one enclosure. 

FC 7 ^ $ (kaze) n. The wind; manner, de- 
portment, customs; style, fashion, way: u, 
wind anil vain; tai-fil, a typhoon; lcoku-f>l, 
customs of a country ; sei-yd , European 
fashion. Syn. NARAWASHI. 

FU-AMBAI 7Yv/?>f u. Unwell; ill. 
Syn. FI-KWAI. 

FU-ANNAI jfZ'-i'J %* % fa Unacqii5ntrd 
with, especially with the roads of a country, 
locality, house, etc.; a stranger to; not fami- 
liar with : kono kuni irn dc gozarimnsii, I am 
not acquainted with this country. S< c annul. 

FUBAKO 7 /*a $i $fa n. A box used in carry- 
ing letters. 

FUBARAMI 7 ril" ? n. i.q./Mn/r. 

FUBATSU 7/^5^ ^ Jfa (ugokanai) adj. Unal- 
tn;il)lc, unchangeable: kokoroiaiki. 

FUBEN 7 *< v jfc $ Inconvenient, incommo- 
di.um. un-iiita ; 

FUBEN 7 << zs %\ffi Not eloquent ; slow of 
speech ; not good at talking : na kojo tco 
mott 

1:1 7^v9 fofflW Inconvenient. 
I 7 \! > ^; 4& W) N' ' 

nly in self- 
dcpicciatiun) : ware naredvmo. 



FUB 



88 



FUE 



FUBIN 7b*^ ?h1! atl J- Feeling compassion, 
pity: hito no nungi ir<> ni onion, feeling 
compassion for the afflictions of men : na 
yatnu da t a pitiable fellow. 

Syn. AWAKE, KINODOKU, BIN/EN. 

FOBINGARI,-RU ~7 \* ^ if ^ i- v - To feel pity; to 

compassionate ; to be pitiful. 
FUBITO 7 b* ) n. One who keeps a record of 

events ; a chronicler, historian : be, the 

office of . 

FUBO 7 j)f $C $- (chichi haha) n. Father and 

mother ; parents. 
FDBON 7 tf z/ ^ fa Not breaking the Buddhist 

commandments ; living a holy life. 
FUBUKI 77*3* v^ n. A snow-storm. 
FuBUKi77'^ n. Gray (of the hair) : hami ga 

ni naru. 

FUBUN 7 # 7*v ]$, fjf] n. A report, rumor 
Syn. HYOBAN, UWASA. 

fFuBYo 7tf-V# Bt?ft n. Colic. 

FUCHI 7 f- $fr n. A border, rim, edge, margin; 
a bank : ico tsukeru, to make a border ; 
kuwa no , the bank of a river ; katana no 
, the metal ring around the handle of a 
sword. 

Syn. HERI. 

FUCHI 7 f- ffl n. A deep pool or eddy in a cur- 
rent of watrr. 

FrcHi 7f- $U Rations in rice paid to of- 
ficials, or soldiers five .0o,=about 1 quart 
daily : ichi nin , rations for one man : go 
inn , five rations ; nin, a person in govern- 
ment employ ; mat, rice served out for 
rations \fitchi-kata, the officer who serves out 
rations. 

FU-CHIN 7f-v & (uki thizumi) Float and 
sink ; vicissitudes ; ups and downs of life : mi 
no toki narazu. 
Syn. UTSURI-KAWARI. 

FUCHO 7 1- *t p /ff $f n. The municipal 
office of a / city. 

FUCHO 7 f- -V ft <fe6 The marks or symbols 
which merchants use for marking the price of 
goods: wo Unkeru, to affix a price mark; 

fuda, a ticket having the price written on it. 
FUCH'C 7 f- # ^ ,$. Unfaithful to a master ; 

disloyal ; dishonest. 
FU-CHUI 7 f- 4 -fc ] ^ n. Carelessness ; 

heedlessness. 
FUDA 7 j? %\j n. A card, ticket, label : kifuda, 

a wooden ticket ; tsuki, labeled, ticketed ; 

Ixiknchi no , playing cards ; wo tsukeru, to 

label. 
FCDAI 7 4 -^ f\ For successive generations: 

no kerai, a hereditary vassal of the Toku- 
gawa family. 

FUDAN 7 ft" v pp $f (tftezu) Uninterrupted ; 
constant; continual; (coll.) usual; common: 

zakura, a camelia that blooms the whole 
year ; no tori, the usual way ; gi, every- 
day clothes. 

Syn. ITSUMO, HEIZET, TSUNE. 
FDDAKOTSUJI 7 # ) ? ? *L 5J n. A place in 
the confines of a city where the kusatsu or the 
imperial edicts are posted. 



FUDASASHI y^t'-fl^ }lg> n. A licensed mer- 
chant who exchanged the rice rations of 
government officials for money. 
Syn. KURAYADO. 

FUDA-SHO 7^^a %L jOz u. A temple where 
Kwan-on is worshipped, and resorted to by 
pilgrims ; of these there are 33 in the western 
and 33 in the eastern provinces. 

FUDAZUKAI 7 jty -ft b n. A letter-carrier. 

Syn. TKiiAMIZUKAI. 

FUDE 7 =f ^ n. A pencil, pen : no jikii, 
the handle of a pen ; no saya, or no 
kasa, the sheath of a pen; wo tsuhvrn. t. 
make a pen ; wo ireru, to correct with a 
pen ; wo orosu, to break in a new pencil ; 
snru, to write. 
Syn. HITSU. 

FUDE-ARAI 75 f f i 7b ^Ef5t,n. A cup for wash- 
ing pens in ; cleaning a pen. 

FUDEBAKO y=f^^ ||E [E n. A box for keep- 
ing pens in. 

FUDEOUSA 7 5r ?*1J* n. A species of reed, the 
top of which resembles a pen. 

FUDEKAKE 7 5^ -fj *r |pE tyL n. A pen-rest. 

FUDEKASHI 7r#>' ^P^i^ D. (coll.) Amis- 
take, blmxli-r. 

FUDEKI 7 r ^ ^ & ^ Badly made ; a poor 
crop : kono dai wa de. gozarimasit, this 
stand is badly made ; me ga da, the rice 
crop is poor. 

FUDEMAME 7 5^v * Expert or skillful in using 
the pen ; fond of writing. 

FUDENOSE 7 y } * |^^ (hikka) n. A pen- 
rack. 

FUDE-NO-UMI 7 } *? \ n. (poet.) An ink- 
stand, inkstone. 

FUDESHI 7 T i^ ^E^ n. A pen-maker. 

FDDETATE 7 =f m j~ $jf ^ n. A box of bamboo, 
or porcelain, for holding pencils or pens ; first 
writing on the new year. 

FUDE-YA 7 5^-V 1$E n. A pen store ; also a 
maker of ]> n-. 

FUDE-YUI 7 5^rt. b ^ 31 n. A pen-maker. 

fFuDEZUKA 7T"/* n. The handle of a pen ; 
also, a monument erected by the pupils in 
memory of a teacher. 

FUDEZUKAI 7T-/^b Jfl ^ n. Penmanship 
or way of writing : ga arai, the penman- 
ship is coarse. 

FUDO 7 h* # ^ 15] (onajikarazu) Unlike ; dif- 
ferent; uneven. 

FUDO 7 F' T> ^ !& n. The name of an idol. 

FUDO 7 # ^ ^ i n - The nature or kind of 
country. 

FUDOKU 7 ^ ^ 9 J&.#t- n - Rheumatism. 

FUDOMYO-O 7b*#S J ^? 1 > ^$(/8^i The 
name of a Buddhist divinity. 
Syn. FUDO. 

IFUDONO 7 ^ 7 n. A library. 
Syn. BUNKO. 

FUDOSHI 7 b* x $5|L:f$ Same &sfundo*Jn. 

FUE 7 jc. -^ u. A ilute, pipe, whistle : wo 
mien, to play the flute ; to blow a whistle; 
no ana, the holes of a flute : nn fukikuchi, 
the mouth or embouchure of a flute. 



FUE 



FUI 



FUE 7 ^- ;<; v u~" " The windpipe : ico tatsn, 
to cut the throat. 
Syn. NODOBUE. 

-KU 7 x.)^ ?|i i.v. To increase, multiply, 
augment in number or bulk; to spread, en- 
large, swell: liana r\n fu/'tu, the flowers have 
: mnni (]<i /K''t<i, the fleas have become 
thick; mizti ni mtrctc ftteta, has swollen from 
being wet with water. 

NABU. 

:r 7 jc. 31 ;*; %j (katcaranu) Without 
:iige; unchanging; immutable: btitiil-ii , 

; changing. 

.1 7J* 7 $ (coll.) Unprofitable; use- 
less ; of no advantage. 

MflU. MTYAKU. 

I 7 ji v ;fc #f{ (coll.) No affinity ; no 

connection ; no relation ; divorce ; 

uration of husband and wife: ni uurn, 

i>e divorced ; no gi nite oya no moto e 

a. bring divorced, she returned to her 

fath. 

N -7 *. i/ ^3 #T uru, to amplify, extend, 
enlarge upon ; to develop. 

37.31? -^^u. A battle-axe. 
. oxo. 

7 > 7 ^ ^ n. Husband and wife. 
:o 7 7 ^ ;*; ? Not content ; dissent ; 
approval: non-compliance; disobedience. 
::u -7-79 flf-R <*ru> to bow with the 
face to tho earth. 

MMYO 77V5-V^ ^^^ (nkiraka- 

Not clenr ; not plain ; unintelligible. 

7 tf $[ ft Elegant; in good taste; 

genteel ; refined ; simple and neat style ; 

- .e : no hito, a man of refined taste. 

. MITABI. 

: >AI.-KD 71)4+4 adj. (coll.) Useless; 
unprofitable: mono, an unprofitable person. 
FCOAN 7 > **v JS 1$ ii. Catarrhal ophthalmia, 
or purulent ophthalmia. 

TSU 7 # y 7 J, ^ (lit. wind and moon) n. 
Natural .scenery; nature: ico konomu ; 
IPO mote-a*obn, to spend one's time in retire- 
it, in enjoying the beauties of nature; 
no i, poetical talents. 

7 ^ ^ ^| Impropriety; immorality; 
contrary to what is right ; adultery; dislo; 
nnrn vio?in, a person who violates morality; 

t improperly. 

.' ^ *f Hi f& n. Customs ; manners. 
Syn >KU. 

\- 9 ^ 'A *% Not r '8 u t ' wrong. 
Fooo 7 J ^ n. A La 

'; n. A mark; note. 
'$ Matching; agreeing; cor- 
lenpoixiing like the two parts of a cal : 

iies. 
' ^ fa (o; > Unexpected; 

7 / K 8. (*' i Maimed ; de- 

KATAWA. 

: n. A kind of poisonou 

.tii.s : fujii a-u hm-tuthi invchi tea 
othithi iprov.j. 
1J 



FnauRi 7 / 9 1^ ft ("<>) The testicles; 
the cone of a pine. Syn. KIXTAMA. 

IFuouRUMX 7/>u-^ n. A desk for holding a 
book, set on wheels in order more easily to 
pass it round. 

fFcousHi 7 ? v' n. A knife; a trowel or scoop 
used for tir. ing up roots. 

KFuocTsu 7 f" y n. Shoes. 

FC-GYOGI 7 AT > " ^ ff ^ n. (coll.) Im- 
proper, immoral, or disorderly conduct. 

FO-GYOJO 7 *f -V *> i? -V ^ ff <fe - (coll-) 
Wiokedneas; abandoned; profligate or dis- 
solute conduct. 

FU-GYOSEKI 7 tf -V A -b ^ ^ ff 5Sf- n. (coll.) 
Wicked or immoral conduct. 

FUHA 7 ^ ^^ fa (* A'<JZ^) n. Wind and 
waves: NO ?wn ni an, to encounter the 
dangers of the sea. 

FCHAI 7 >N f ;,'^ jjfc (fcrrttiru) n. Putrefaction : 
sum, to be putrified, rotten; 6nfx/, 
putrified articles. 

FDHEI 7 ^ 'f ^ ^ (tairaka-narazii) Displea- 
sure ; uneasiness ; irritation ; vexation ; dis- 
content : tco in, or, wo narasu, to utter 
one's displeasure. 

FUHEN 7 *N */ ^ ^ (&aicara?i) Unchangeable ; 
immutable. 

FUHENJI 7 ^ v s? ^ i ^ n. Making no 
answer ; answering roughly or uncourteously. 

FUHO 7 7 ^ v^ Wicked ; vicious ; i in moral : 
unprincipled ; not conforming to rule or law ; 
unlawful : na hito, abandoned person ; 
wo snru, to act contrary to morality. 
Syn. FUBACHI. 

FCno 7 & >M> K -jfe n. An air-gun. 

|FuHOGoMoni,-Rti 7 Tjt 3*^ ^ i.v. To be con- 
tained, included, or enveloped within some- 
thing else. 

rFuiioMi.-MU -?&*. i.v. i.q. fukiimu. 

F'-MV.'I :/ -x iV .'/. jjfin. A buoy. 

Fr-Hvo 7 ^ b -V ^ ^ (<ori-safa) n. Common 
talk; censure; criticism. 

FUI 7 4 ;& (nmowaeii) adv. By chance ; by 
surprisi-; lim'Xi'.-^tfd ; aceidi-ntal ; off 
guard; not thinking: ?ro ntnmn, to bo 
taken by surprise an 1 killed; no tainun, 
an u 

Syn. O.MOI >!0 YOI;\NU, FDTO, DA8HI-NUK8. 
Fu-l 7 4 tfj ^ 11. Cotton, i.<. common or 
or.t .>|'1- : tin mi. 

i +W M.$ *"rn, to proclaim, 
publish. |-!..;i: . rtise, anno., 

SMI. in;. 

' 7 4~? 4 fty l2j[^Hu. Moham- 

'118111. 

-if ^ n. A bellows ; anciently 
? 4 =f ft ^ u - A bellows: wofiikn. 

to blow a bellows; ) .ill 00 

.. of ill- llth month < 
FC-IK. < ; h h" * n. Careless; negli- 

\ seal, or itamp: if- 

ii, i ni i in a ".-it. to seal a loiter; ttuki no 
tf garni, a sealed letter. 



FUI 



90 



FUK 



FU-IRI 7 >f 9 adj. Spotted. 

FUJA 7 V $ V M. ffi n - 4 coia i cattarrh : 
nite hikikomu, confined with a cold. 
Syn. niKi-KAZB. 

FUJI 7 i? ^ t)\f (toki-narazn) n. Out of season; 
out of time; inopportune; fortuitous; con- 
tingent; casual; incidental: no nyu-yo, 
contingent expenses ; na hen, accidental 
affair: goto, chance affair. 
Syn. EINJI. 

FUJI 7 & n. Wistaria chinensis. 

FUJI,-RU 7 # *? >\* %} To enclose or seal up a 
letter; to prohibit, forbid: tegami wo fujirn, 
to seal a letter; fuji-komeru, to inclose and 
seal up something inside of another ; to shut 
up by incantation : bakuchi wo , to forbid 
gambling. 

FUJIUAKAMA 7 *? >3 ft T n. The Valeriana 
villosa; valerian. 

tFuJIHANASHI -? &>\+*s\L. A boW. 

Syn. YUMI. 

FUJI-BUKURO 7 s? 7* 9 P n. A letter-envelope. 
fFuji-GOROMO 7 s? =T n ^ n. A kind of coarse 

cloth. 
FUJIMAME 7 <p -r * n. A species of bean, 

Dolichos cultratus. 
FUJIMI 7 f $ n. Insensible to pain : da 

Tiara buttemo itngaranai. 
FUJIN 7 sJ v ;^ -p. n. (med.) Insensibility ; 

paralysis : te aa/u . 

FUJIN 7 ^ v -^ A n. The wife of a noble. 
FUJIN 7 V ** v M ^ (</<> w cfcirt) (Bud.) 

Secular affairs ; worldly affairs : ico item. 
FUJIN 7 a? v ^^ (nasake no nai) Unkind; 

inhuman; without love or pity: nahito; 

na koto. 

FUJIN 7 s? v J5 A n. A woman. 

Syu. ONNA. 
FUJINA 7 s? -h u. The dandelion. 

Syn. TAMPOPO. 
FUJI-NORI 7 T> sj 7 9 u. Paste or mucilage for 

sealing letters, etc. 

FUJI-RO 7 *? & 7 7 & *$ ! n. Sealing-wax. 
FUJITSU 7 &y ^ ^ False; untrue; insincere; 
hypocritical ; unkind ; inhuman, no Into. 

Syn. MAKOTO NO NAI, FUNINJO. 

FUJITSU 7 &y ^ g (/iodo na/cu) In a short 
time; in a few days; soon : ni dekimasho, I 
will do it in a few days. Syn. TOKARAZU. 

FUJIYU 7 $? ^ $ 3~* t\ & Not free ; not as a 
person would like ; disagreeable ; uncomfor- 
table; scarce: na koto; ni, not freely. 

Syn. MAMA NI NARANAI. 

FUJO 7 2? 3 fc.3fr Help; aid; assistance; sup- 
port : sum, to help ; to support. 

Syn. TASUKERU, MITSUQU. 

FUJO 7 ** 5F j (sddamarazu) Uncertain ; 

not fixed; (mostly used of the length of life): 

ro-sh(l ica yo no narni. 
FUJO 7 S? -Y ^ ^ & Unclean ; filthy ; dirty ; 

foul ; defiled : na mono, an unclean thing ; 

wo yokeru, to keep off an offensive smell, or 
uncleanuess; wo nozoku, to purify one's 
self, to abate a nuisance. 

Syn. KKGARE, UIVOUAKA-NAUANU, Oli. 



FUJOHO 7 f-'-V $^7 ^^.vi n. (gram.) The 
infinitive mood. 

FUJU 7 i? 3- F <%. n. A charm, spell, to keep 
off evil spirits. 

FUJU 7 =* )$ ffi (knsare jiisha: lit. a rotten 
confucianist) A bigoted coufucianist. 

FUJUN ? ~2 =i f ;\\ I'll! (shitagaicazn) Unfavor- 
able; contrary; adverse; irregular; disobedi- 
ent : oya ni . 

FUKA 7 # ^ %L (tomeru ie) n. Wealthy 
family ; rich house. 

FUKA 7 -ft $ n. A species of shark. 
Syn. SAME. 

FUKA 7 * ^ "^f (shikarazu) Not right ; should 
not be ; impossible : sono koto nari. 

FUKADA 7 * ^f* i.q. fuketa. 

FUKADA 7 2/ y n. Bice-fields, in which there 
is much water. 

FUKA-OUTSU 7 # ?* ? n. A long boot, used 
generally for walking in the snow. 

FUKAI,-KI-SHI 7 -ft 4 t^ adj. Deep; profound; 
intimate; hard to understand: jukui ka asni 
ka,ia it deep or shallow? uwtt ga fukai, the 
sea is deep; ano onna to kono otoko to fukai 
naka de aru so na, it is said that woman and 
this man are very intimate. 

tFuKAKE 7 13 jr n. Leggins made of brocade 
anciently worn by play-actors. 

FUKAKU) 7 * 9 : & adv. Deep: sum, to 

FUKO j deepen; narn, to become deep ; 
fuko (jozariinasn, it is deep; yajna fuknku 
mnult'ini, he lives far amongst the mountains ; 
yo gafukaku natte, the night is far spent ; - 
tmki-aiinascn, not intimate. 

FUKAKU 7*^ ^ ^B n - (coll.) Loss; injury; 
defeat, or disaster caused by negligence : ir<> 
toru, to suffer defeat ; to be worsted ; no 
nainidi. 

FUKAKUGO 7 * 9 =f ^^t^ Without fore- 
thought or preparation; careless; In. 
improvident; negligent. Syn. YOJIX-NASHI. 

FUKAME,-RU 7 1} j* A* t.v. To deepen; to dredge. 

FUKAMI 7 % $ n. A deep place ; the depth. 

FUKAMI-OUSA 7 -ft * '/y n. The botan. 

FfKAN 7 i> * v |$. ^ (tono 7/ yoaaete isumnru) 
To reprove a superior indirectly, as by a 
parable: sum, to hint. 

FUKANNIN 7*vriV ^|^^n. (coll.) Im- 
patience ; without self-restraint. 

FUKARE.-RU 7 U is ** =f& ^ Pass, of fuku: 
kaze ni , to be blown by the wind. 

FUKASA 7 * U* u. The depth : wa dono kurai, 
how deep is it ? 

FUKASE,-RU 7#-b*' The caust. of fulm. To 
make or let blow, wipe or roof : as, watakuxhi 
ni fue wofukashite kndusare, let me blow your 
flute; kami savin -tea kaze wo fukasern, God 
makes the wind blow; watakushi ni ftiktisltit? 
kndasare, let me wipe it, or (in speaking of 
roofing), let me roof the house. 

FUKASHI,-SU 7 # ^. t.v. To do anything late 
at night : yo wo , to sit up late ,it night. 

FuKAsm,-su 7 X X S t.v. To cook by steam- 
ing: meshi wo fukumi, to steam rice. 
Syu. MUSU. 



FUK 



91 



FUK 



FUKASHIGI 7 -ft ^ ^- ^ Tf ,^> t^ (omoihakaru 
bekarazu) Incomprehensible; inconceivable: 
(Bud.) nyonii ; na koto. 

FUKASHI-GIRO\ 7J]l'^V>' T^.^^tRj n - 

Agnosticism : .--/ax, an agnostic. 
fFuKA-sooi 7 J] V I? n. The ceremony of sliav- 
the head of a child for the first time, from 

the age of 3 to 5 years. 
FUKAZCME 7 13 if * % fi\ (coll.) torn, cutting 

the finger nails very close down to the flesh. 
FCKE 7 V n. Bice-fields, in which there is 

much water. 

FUKADA, DOROTA. 

FCKE 7 $r JJJI #? n. Dandruff ; scurf on tho 
head. 

-7 jr n. Mildew. 

.-RU 7 >r ** i^ i.v. To grow old ; to grow 

late; to become stale: toshi ga fuketa, has 

.vn old; ano Into wa yohodo fuketa, he 

- grown quite old; yo ga fuketa, it is late 

in the night; ishi-bai ga fuketu, the lime is 

air-slacked ; kome ga , the rice is stale. 

Syn. TAKERU. 

FUKE,-RU 7 >r ** & i.v. Placed on a roof; 

fed; can roof: nokiba ni fukeru ayame, 

the sweet flag placed on the eaves; kono yane 

i nichi in fukeru ha, can you roof this 

house in a day ? 

FI-KE.-RU 7 p ** i-v. To be mildewed; musty. 
Syn. KOMi 

i 7 f 4 7^ $C (uyamawanu) Disrespect- 
ful ; irreverent ; impolite : nafurumai. 

SHITSUREI, SHIKKEI. 

FUKEI 7 jr <f ^ IS Nut consistent with the 
classics ; heretical ; unfounded ; absurd : 
iia 3etu. 

' 7 $ tr 4 M. & (keshiki) n. Landscape ; 
scenery ; view : ya yoi, the landscape is 
beautiful. 

FUKEIKI 7 p 4 % -fc ^ ^ n. Looking dull ; no 
iuess or trade; no bustle; still; quiet; 
plain ; coarse : kotio sestu Tokyo mo da suna, 
there seems to be little trade now doing in 
Tokyo ; Kamnkura mo na tokoro da, Kama- 
kura is a dull place; akinai da, trade is 
dull ; fnkeiki no nari wo shite kita, he wore 
coarse clothes. 

SAMISHIKI. 

'<- * ?*$ (kashikoku nashi) adj. Un- 
" ; indiscreet ; imprudent : wo mite wa 
i;<ieriinii/<>, if you see in- 
discretion in others look within yourself ; ken 
, the wise and unwise. 

UI.-BU 7 P ** i.v. To be addicted to ; given 
up to; absorbed or immersed in, fond of: 
-, addicted to venery ; ihu-tlioku ni , 
fond of eating and drinking. 

Syn. OBORBRU, SCSAMU, UAMABU. 
FtTMo 7 * V t 1T <Mf n - A. kind of itroll- 
:imsician, name as komo*<~>. 

* P \%V)n- Marshy, swampy land ; 
rice-fieldx ImviiiK an excess of water. 
Fcunc -? ; Duty: unclean; foul; 

impure : no mizu, dirty-water; na hokoro. 
wad, KITAMAZ. 



FDKI 7 % ^ tfc n. Sedition ; insurrection : 

wo iiakani. 

FUKI 7 * ^ %- n. A kind of vegetable, the 

Nardosmia japonica. 
FUKI 7 $ * JH ^ n. Flatulence. 
FUKI 7 4 1 ^ ^ (hoda tare tut) Unfettered; free: 

doku-ri/il, free and independent. 
FUKI,-KU 7 ? v t.v. (1) To blow : kaze ga 

fnkit, the wind blows; /"< ico fnku, to blow a 
flute; iki wo fttku, to blow with the bivntli ; 
mizu wo fnku, to sprinkle water with the 
mouth ; tune ga me wo , the seed sends 
forth a sprout. 

(2) -jf To roof ; to cover with a roof : yane 
ico f uk u, to put on a roof. 

(3) ^ To wipe: tcnugni de te wo fitkit, to 
wipe the hands with a towel ; fukin >L' <-h<ucan 
wofuku, to wipe the cups with a napkin. 

u 7 ^ t.v. To shake, brandish. 
FUKI-AGARI,-KU 7 ^ T if ^ i.v. To blow up- 
ward, rise up, upbear ; to spout up (as a jot 
of water). 

FUKI-AGE 7 % T n. A machine for spouting 
up water ; a jet d'eau. 

Syn. FUN-SUI-KI. 
FUKI-AGE,-RD 7 * T Y *- t_h t.v. To blow up ; 

to cause to ascend by blowing. 
FUIU-AKASHI,-SD 7^7^^, t.v. To blow all 

night. 

FUKIBA 7 % ,t n A place for melting ore ; a 
foundry. 

Syu. SEI-TETSU-JO. 

FUKI-CHIRASHI,-SU 7 % i~ 7 *. **(&. t.V. To 

scatter by blowing. 

FUKIDAMA 7 ^ if -r n. Bubbles blown in the air. 

FCKI-DASHI,-SU 7^^*^, vfc & i.v. To blow- 
out ; to spurt or spout out ; to burst out : 1;<i;c 
ga fuki-dashita, the wind has begun to blow. 

FDKI-DE-MONO 7 t- 5** ^ * & tyj " An erup- 
tion on the skin. 

FUKIGATARI 7 * -ti * 9 n. Boasting; bragging. 

j-FuKitiAWA or FUIGAWA 7 % ifs^ n. A bellows ; 
i.q. fuigo. 

FUKIGEN 7%?^ ^if^^t n. (coll.) Not in 
good spirits; out of temper; out of humor, 
angry ; displeased. 

FUKI-HAXACHI,-TSU 7 ^ J^> + V pfc ^ t'V. To 

blow apart, or separate by bl.-v 
FUKI-UAUAI,-AU 7 ^ s\ J 7 vfc ffi t.v. To blow 

away, blow of;'. 

FUKI-KAE,-IIU 7 * * ^ * -if- & t .v. 

put on a new roof : yanc u-o jnkikti<' 
gae wo mint, id. 

FCKI-KAESHI.-SU 7 * * ^ ^ pfc x'< t.v. To blow 
over, upset by blowing ; ; : 

begin to breathe again : Inj^lm ico , to 
blow over a screen; y, ']!' ihi , 
length came to life again. 

FCKI-KAKE,-RU 7 * 1) P ^ ^ $. t.V. To Mo\v 

upon: mi:n ico , to spriuklo water by blow- 
ing it from the mouth. 

FOKI-KAWART,-BU 7 * ^r /> ** i.v. To change, 
or turn, as th . 

;iEsni,-8U 7 * * X, vfc ifc t.v. To blow 
out ; extinguish by blowing. 



FUK 



92 



FUK 



FUKI-KOMI,-MU 7 3- ^ A p j' f| t- v - To blow 
into : ie ni haze ga fuki-konda, the wind blew 
into the house. 

FUKI-KOWASHI,-SU 7 % =t >> *. ^ ^ t.V. To 

break by blowing; broken by the wind. 
FUKI-KUDAKI,-KU 7 % 9 if 9 t.v. To break by 

blowing. 
FUKI-MAKI.-KU 7 % ** 9 i.v. To blow and whirl 

around, as the wind. 
FUKIMONO 7 ^ H } n. A wind instrument of 

music. 

Ft KIN 7 % y ^J tfr n. A towel ; a napkin. 
FUKIN 7 V ^ ^ M. ? n. An organ, accordion. 
FUKI-NAGASHI 7 % -J- #* J' P jjfc n - A streamer ; 

n kind of flag. 
FUKI-NUKI 7 31 5? 31 n. The draught or current 

of wind ; a kind of flag. 
KFuKini 7 t- 9 n. The barb of a hook. 
FU-KIHYO 7 * 9 -V # ^H^ n- Without 

ability; also, (coll.) ugly; homely. 
FDKISJIIKI,-KU 7 * Is 9 i.v. To blow haid, or 

violently. 
FUKI-TAOSUI,-SU 7 * * 7 * fe j?'j i.v. To blow 

over anything standing. 
FUKI-TORI,-RU 7 : >. >u pfc J^ t.v. To tear 

off by blowing ; blown off by the wind: kaze 

ni fuki-torareta, torn off by the wind ; also, to 

wipe off. 
Fuiu-T6sm,-su 7 ^ h ft ^ P ^ i.v. To blow 

through, as a tube. 

FUKITSU 7 % 3> ^> ^ n. Unlucky : 711 ynme. 
FUKI-TSUYORI,-RU 7^7 3 ^ i.v. To blow 

more violently. 

f-FuKi-uxE,-TSURU7 ^ fy y A- t.v. Toblowaway. 
FUKI-WAKE,-RU 7 4; 7 jr A* vfc& t.v. To refine 

metals; to separate the dross: fukiwakete 

mint, to ass:iy. 

FUKIYA 7 ^ -Y fj; $f n. The arrow of a blow- 
gun : 7*0 tsuttii, a blow-gun. 
FUKI-YAMI.-MU 7 ^ -V A pj; ji. i.v. To cease 

blowing: kaze ga fuki-yanda, the wind has 

stopped blowing. 

FUKI-ZUTSU 7 * >/ y ^ fy n. A blow-gun. 
FUKKI, or FUKI 7 *; * & % (tomi tnttoki) Rich 

and noble; rich ; wealthy : no ie ni unitu-rru. 
FUKKO 7 9^3 ^ $? (nnikaslti ni t(ichi-nwd''>rti) 

Eeturning to ancient usages and customs 

$t (moto ye tachi-modoru), returning to old or 

former customs. 
FUKKURI 7 ? 9 V adv. (coll.) Swollen and soft 

in appearance; fat and soft: karadti. 
FUIIKWAN 7 9 9 V f 1%*% (yaknme wo kami 

ye kaesn) n. Resigning one's office. 
FUKKYO 7 v f -f? J^ ^ (akatsnki) n. Dawn; 

early morning : /// yukti. 
FUKO 7 # ^ ^ -^ Unfilial ; disobedient to 

parents: oya ni fnkti, id.; na ko. 
FUKO 7 ;# ^ ^; ^ n. Misfortune; calamity ; 

ill-luck : ni au, to meet with a misfortune ; 

no naka no saiwai; uchi ga aru, there 

is a death in the family. 

Syn. rusniAWASE, FCSAIWAI. 
FUKOKU 7^9 jfi & (thinuerx) A public notice, 

proclamation, notification: mini, to publish, 

make known ; to proclaim, notify. 



FUKOKU 7 =t 9 ^ ^f n. Prussia. 

FUKOSSO, or FUKOTSU 7 a ? y pft rfj* 2J| n. 
(med.) Caries of the bones ; necrosis. 

FUKOTSU 7 a y 5^ i^ n. (med.) The tarsal or 
metatarsal bones. 

FUKU 7 9 &\ (soe.ru) Used in the titles of 
officials in the sense of, assistant adjutant, 
vice; as: fuku-shdfliin, adjutant general. 

FUKU 7 9 (hara) n. The belly, abdomen : 
do fuku no kyodai, children of the same 
mother ; chu ga itamu, have pain in the 
belly. 

FUKU 79 t (kaeru) snru, to restore, 
re! urn ; to repeat, do over again : Jnvnn rokn iro 
, to restore one to his office and salary; Jion 
wo , to read a book over again. 

FUKU 7 9 f5 (*"') n. Prosperity ; luck; 
good fortune; earthly good; wealth ; happ : ; 
no kami, the god of wealth, or luck. 

FUKU 79 fl& (kimono) n. Clothing; the- 
numeral for doses of medicine, smokes of to- 
bacco : imibuku or ninfuku, mourning clothes ; 
ifukii, clothes; knsuri ippukii, ni fuku, suii- 
bnkn. 

Fric" 7 9 $ g The numeral for picture^, maps, 
h,il;,'inono ippukii, one picture. 

FUKUBE 7 9 x J$ n - A- calabash, gourd. 
Syn. HYOTAN. 

fFuKUBE 7 9 -* Same nafugii. 

FcKOBm 7 9 b* ^ ?f3 ^! n - A kind of game 
in which prixe-: are drawn ; a lottery. 

FUKUBOTSU 7 9 tf y ^ v (kuttugaeru) ./, 
to be upset, capsized and sunk : fnne ga , 
the ship has foundered. 

FuKU-nuKUSHii,-Ki,-Kr; 7 9 -/ 9 -^^ adj. (coll.) 
inu' the appearance of being wealthy. 

tFuKunuKusHi 7 9 ~/ 9 is n. The lungs. 

FPKUHEI 7 9 4 1^ ^C- " An ambush ; troops 
lying in ambush. 
Syn. rrsK/Ei. 

FUKU-I 7 9 ft f ii (wiofo wo ?//.-/ / '//) To 
return to one's former office. 

FUKU IKU 7 9 4 9 |t^ n - Fragrant: taru 
k<~>ki ; to nioit. 

:x 7 '/ 4 is ^ 14 n. Area; width; 
breadth ; extent : knni no ira iknr>i. 

FCKU-IN 7 9 4 ^/ %% * (yorokobi no otoznre) n. 
Glad tidings; good news ; gospel: slid, the 
gospels (books). 

; i 79^ %% '$> n. Submission ; obe- 
dience, as to a teacher, or one of eminent 
virtue : mint. 

FUKUJIN 7 9 *? z/ %%$ n - The gods of happi- 
ness, of which there are seven, vi/.: El>i*n, 
Daikokti, Kithamon, Benzaiten, Hotel, Jnrojin 
and Fnknroknjii. 

FUKUJC 792*; ftjiffi. (tntkishitafjau) Subjec- 
tion ; obedience : snru, to follow, adhere to, 
obey, as a teacher; to submit to. 

FUKUJUSO 7^1?^.-^^ 0% &%!. The name of 
a flower; the Adonis sihirica. 

FUKUKEX 79^^ j% $z u. (leg.) Restoration 
of rights. 

Friu-Kosmx 7 9 3 T 1 / ~s ^ SJ ff ^ u. (med.) 
Herpes. 



FUK 



93 



FUK 



Frior-KWATsu 7 ? v y ? f j (yomigaeri) n. 
Resurrection ; return to life. 

FCKOIAKU 7 ^ v ^ 5 ft* n. (ujc-J.) Ferito- 
neuin : //<>;, peritonitis. 

FrKotAsr,-i:n 7 ^ -r -fe /u caust. of fiikumu. 
To make or let ;in >ther put anything iu his 
mouth; as; Into ni knxnri wo , to make a 
licine in his mouth. 

FrKUM::.-uu 7 9 * *- 1*5 t.v. To put into the 
mouth ; to feed with the mouth, as a bird its 
young ; to tell another what to say: tsnbame 
ko ni f iro ; ji iro . to put a word into 
another's mouth ; tell what to say. 

;. KVKrMERU. 

7 9 * * t.v. To cause to con- 
tain ; to dip into so as to take up, or absorb a 
fluid; to wet: fmle ni xttnii iro , to cause the 

ncil to take up ink ; to take ink upon the 
pen; teniifjni ni ini:u iro , to wet the towel 
in water; (lit.) to take up water with the 
tov. 

MET 7 9 * J 3%. ^fr (liner i-gnto mosn) 
Bringing back an answer or report of what one 
Las done, as an embassy. 

Syn. 

IKX 7 9 * ^ flj 35 Covering the face with 
a veil; a veil : mint, to veil the face; 
tro kakern ; zukin, a cloth mask. 

* 7 ^ A i.v. To be enclosed or 
shut; unopened: fuknmituru hana, an un- 
opened flower. 

n,-Mn 7 ^ A - t.v. To hold in the 
mouth; to keep or hold in the mind; to en- 
tin; to comprehend; to contain; to in- 
clude; to absorb, ns a sponge: ikuri tro , to 
: kucJii ni mizn wo , to hold water 
in the mouth : icarai, or tmi tro , to smile; 
ikon iro . to cherish hatred ; fnltnn<b> oru, to 
ierstand and keep to one's self; to include; 
f tro . 

nc, OBIRU. 

FtnnjRAiiAoi 7 ? y ^ ** J$ n. The calf of 
the leg. Syn. KOV 

RAKA 7 ? y % adj. Bloated ; fat. 

-7 9 7 A i.v. To be inflated, 
i by the wind, blown up: ho fia kaze 
ni , (lie sail i* distend, d by the wind. 
FUXURAPPAGE 7 9 =) *?>>? i.q. fiikiiruhnrii. 

' ~? & 7 ^ y& 

cauHt. of fnknrfrn. To inilu' 
cause to swell: wo , to blow up a 

balloon. 

Pct >s ISA, fe or Jfc i.v. To bo in- 

flat ifl.'d up; to ex- 

pmd; to be an-ry : ;;/;; //, fni;u>ft<t, the 
bread baa risen ; fukure-ttura, nn angry coun- 
tenance. 
Syn. 

- 9 ^ 4 ;i; '",' - mm. to return an 

' 9 9 v flj f% n 
border: kin . u gold lo 
' " ~? 9 n 

ii small bag; the \v . 



7 ^ \\ Q n. An owl. 
FUKDROBI,-]$U 7 9 n 7* i.v. To rip open ; to 

rent, conu.> apart. 

FOKORO-DANA. 7 9 n & + [ n. A closet, cup- 

FUKUKO-TOIUXA. 7 ^ n h ^* -^ j board. 

FDKURODO 7 ^ TJ i* ^ )=* n. A closet. 

FUKUROGO 7 ^ n u* n. A child born enveloped 
in the membranes. 

FUKDRO-MACHI 7^n-rf-^^n. A street 
closed at one end. 

FOKURO-TATAKI 7 ^ n 9 ft % n. (coll.) A severe 
beating; a sound drubbing : ni a nrn. 

FUKDRYU / 9 9 7 $?> (Juiratate) Anger: 
?, to be angry. 
Syn. RIPPUKU. 

FUKUSA 7 ?y %&$? n. A silk cloth used for 
wrapping, or covering. 
Syn. FUROSHIKI. 

FUKU-SAISHU 7 * U" 4 SS=L S>)%?i n. Assist- 
ant-master of ceremonies. 

FUKU-SEI 7 ?*2 J 1% $L (iJdkaeri) n. Resur- 
rection ; return to life. 

FDKUSEKI 7 9 -b * ^ H '""'- to 1>e re - 
registered as a citizen of a place which once 
was left. 

FUKUSHI 7 ^ 2" &} v '! n. (gram.) An adverb. 

FuKU8Hi,-su 7 ^ ^ -^ (*hitti<niii) t.v. or i.v. 
To be hidden, concealed; to submit, yield, 
acquiesce in; to cause to submit; tosubji: 
to bring into obedience; to convict; (- 
take medicine : tsnmi ni , to yield, or 
acknowledge one's guilt, or submit to puni-di- 
ment; dori ni , to submit to reason ; ; 
wo , to subjugate the empire; knsuri iro , 
to take medic-ine; iirt.-ui nu /nkn *]iit<- it,- JHK- 
shinai, the fever is inward and doe< n-t coino 
out. 

FUKUSHI 7 9 Is S 1 ] ^ n. Vice ambassador. 

tFoKUSHl 7 ^ ^ n. Food ; viands ; delir:, 

|FuKi / y j^ ) n. Anything . 

with sake or rice. Syn. SAK 

FUKUSHIN J 9 *s^/ $1 it? ndj. Faithful; con- 
slant; obedient: no Avnn, a faithful servant. 

no 7 ^ j^-y $ *r}'ffi n. Adjut:n 
the second in rank to a "eueral in chief. 

HOKTT 7 ^ Is n 9 fa ;V' I^raving the Bud. 
priesthood ana :ig to the f. . 

dignity (used only of a noble). 
Svn. c.rN-70KD. 

FUKUSHO 7^^^ ftt$ (&''' '> 

/u<n/, to take vengeance on an enemy ; to re- 
vengo. 

FDKUSO 7 9 y j% ft- (" loM " ''""' "' ^ 
*n/, returning again to the throne once 

nltdir 

FUKUSO 7 }-**^ tf |5C (gran 1 -) n - Tll< ' plural 
man 

-IJKK -?}-*** IftWjn. A person of short 
utatut. i ; u dwarf. 

.-KTJ 7 ? jr j \ inflated, 


; P.THU 7 9 T ? flf f&. " '' i( " rilt >" ' 

i 1> 1 

to a nlnie <>r nn-t.-ikc: ico/iiwitt, 

put M .1 <x>urse which lias led others to ruin. 



FUK 



94 



FUM 



FUKUTSU 7 9 y & It -Jifi (liara no itami] n. 
Colic; pain in the abdomen. 

tFuKUTsuKEici,-icu-sin 7 9 7 >r 9 adj. Ad- 
dicted to the pleasures of the world ; to love 
the world : covetous ; avaricious. 

FUKUYAKU 7 y -y ^ fl gi (knsnri wo nomn) to 
take medicine; sum. 

FUKUYO 7 ^ n & fl& ]$ (mnne ni atnru) snru, 
to clasp to one's heart; to keep in mind: 
slnte wasnrezn. 

J-FUKUYOKA 7 ? rf -ft adj. Happy; thickly 
wadded (as a garment). 

J-FUKUYOSHI 7 ^ 3 >< n. A leper. 
Syn. NAiiiMBo. 

FUKUZO-NAKU 7 9 tf *) -J- ^ $ flt && (i kalcnsn 
koto nashi) adj. Without cuncealment ; with- 
out reservation: o haiuixhi nasni, speak 
without concealment. 

FUKWA 7 i> ^ y Jg_ ^ n. Reformation : 
ttnrn, to be changed, altered in character, re- 
formed. Syil. KAWARU, ARATAMARU. 

FUKWA 7 ^ v; f | n. Idle show: too kiitou. 

FUKWAI 7 9 7 4 jfi $ (kokoro yokarazu) Un- 
well ; indisposed ; sick ; out of humor ; dis- 
pleased ; to be on bad terms : de flozarimasn, 
do not feel well ; go de ttriwuuhttti i/<~> <ln, 
you look as if you had not been well ; momou, 
to feel hurt or offended. 

Syn. BYOKI, AMBAI WAKUI, FUKIOKN. 

FUKWAI 7 9 y J #f $ n. The assembly of a 
fn city. 

FUKWAI 7 ^ y J( pft$" n. A forced comparison 
or analogy ; straining or wresting the meaning 
of words ; a fancy, conceit : snrn ; no 
setsu. Syn. KOJITSKKI:. 

FUKWAN 7 ^ y x ^ ^ n. Inconvertible : 
sliihei, paper money. 

FUKYO 7 ^ -Y # #; 5^ (tomite tsuyokt) adj. 
Eich and powerful : 7io/n/, a powerful 
country. 

FUKYO 7^3$ Wf t^P Looking down and up : 
tenchi ni snrn. 

FUKYO 7 $ 3 !> 7^1? n. Dullness; infestivity ; 
absence of mirth or gayety ; ill-humor ; spleen : 
go wo kuinnrn, to incur the displeasure of 
one's lord. 

FUKYU -? -^V ;fc^ (knchizn) Undecaying; in- 
destructible; incorruptible: bansei . 

FUBIAN 7 ^f >- ~fc $ n. Dissatisfaction ; dis- 
contented : wo idaku, to feel dissatisfied. 

FU.MAK,-KU 7 ? ^ )\, t.v. To tread on ; to step 
on : futnnete ugokasanai, tread on it and keep 
it from moving. 

fFuMAKi 7 -r * n. A letter-envelope. 
Syn. UWAZUTSUMI. 

FUMASE,-RU| 7^-b'i' ^ 3fJ caust. of fumti. 

FUMASHI ) To cause to walk on, tread, or 
step on. 

FUMBAM.-BU 7-S,t>\, 1^^ i.V. (COII.) To 

spread out the legs ; to straddle ; to strut : 
fumbatte arukn, to walk witli long steps. 

FUMBATAGARI,-RU 7 ^ st X U * jgt & i.V. (Coll.) 

To straddle ; to strut ; to walk with a proud 
gait ; to swagger. 
Syn. BAKKO SDBU. 



FUSIBETSU 7^'^f^ -'] (trnkiiiHie) n. Judg- 
ment, discrimination, discernment ; distinc- 
tion, difference; a plan, expedient: turn, 
to judge of, discriminate; no nai hito da, 
person of no judgment. 

fFuMBiTO 7 v if" h n. A chronicler; i.q. fnbitn. 

FUMHO 7 t/tf 1& Jj^. u - A tomb, grave: no 
chi, one's native place. 
Syn. HAKA. 

FUME,-D 7 * i\- pot. of fumi. Can tread or 
step upon ; to be able to estimate or ap- 
praise. 

FUMEI 7 j* j ^ HJ^ (akiraka narann) Not clear; 
not plain ; vague : /(" xt'txii. 

tFuMEKi,-KU 7 * 9 i.v. To buzz, as a mosquito. 

FLMI y ij \ n,*fc Flavor; taste. 
Syn. A.TIWAI. 

FUMI 7 S 5tl n - A writing of any kind; a book; 
a letter written by a female : ico knkn ; 
wo yarn ; wo hirakn; wo tsitkeru; 
ico yoiit't. 

Syn. TEOAMI, KAKIMONO. 

FOMI.-MU 7 jk $$ t.v. To tread on ; to step 
on, walk on, trample on; to estimate or guess 
at the price of a thing : knrtii tco fttnm, to 
reign, sit on the throne; michi n-<> tori naijurn 
lielii ico fnnda, whilst going along the road I 
trod on a snake; nedan wo , to estimate the 
value; mekata wo fnnde mini, to guess at the 
weight ; yakusoku wo , to perform a promise. 

FUMI-ABASHI,-8U 7 \ 7 7 "** $ ffi t.V. To il'- 

stroy, spoil, or lay waste by treading or walk- 
ing i 

FUMIBAKO 7 $ >*^ 5t 5u " A- U()X " s < d for 
carrying letters or books ; a dispatch box. 
Syn. FUBAKO. 

FUMIDAI 7 \ 9* 4 3?3 A stool. 

FUMIDAN 7 \ jf zs $$)$ n. A stepping block ; 
a step-ladder, stool. 
Syn. FUMITBUOI. 

fFuMiDONo 7 3 b* } n. A library. 

I'IMIGI 7 \* \\. A treadle. 

FUMIHAPAKARI.-RU 7 \ >^ >/ I) ** ^"$1 i.V. To 

straddle, or stand with the legs stretched 

apart. 
FrMiriAJiME 7 \>^&* n. The first writing 

of the new year. 

Syn. KAKISOME. 
FUMI-HAZUSHI,-SU 7 \ >*- y -*. SiJ }>[ t.v. To 

make a misstep; to trip, stumble. 
FUMI-KABURI,-RU 7 S ~fi~/>^ i.v. To step into 

anything and get soiled with it : doro no 7iaha 

ye . 
FUMI-KATAME,-RU 75^7^^^S^S To harden 

by treading or walking on. 
FnMi-KiRi,-RU 7 5 % )\, t.v. To cut in two, or 

break by treading or stepping on. 
FCMI-KOE,-RU 7 \ ^*.>\, $$ ^ t.v. To walk 

across, tread over, step across: huri wo , to 

walk over the ice. 
FrMi-KOMi,-MU 7 $ u i S i>i t.v. To step 

into, walk into, rush into: mizu-d<unari ye , 

to step into a puddle of water. 
FUMI-KOROSHI.-SU 7 S 3 ^ 1$ $c t.v. To kill 

by treading or stamping on. 



FUM 



95 



FUN 



FUMI-KUDAKI,-KU 7 3 9 # 9 J$ F t.V. To 

break by treading on ; to stump to pieces. 
FrMi-MAYoi,-ou 7 \ -* ^ 7 j$ x i.v. To 

wander from the way. 
Fr-MiMocHi 7 ? ^^ ;> Jfy^f n - (coll.) Miscon- 

duct; misbehaviour. 

Hi.-su 7 5 -J-Tfcx 5831 *- v - To re " 

guin one's footing; to correct a misstep. 
Fr.Mi-xAKAsm.-su 71+7** Bgfll t.v. To 

make a noise with the feet in walking; l5|J4j) 

to level by trending on. 
FuMi-suiRi.-nu 7 5 s? ** J^Sfi t.v. To 

crush, or grind with the foot or heel; to 

trample on. Syn. jriux. 
Foil OKASHI.-SU 7 \ 7 it * $> J t.v. To 

tread upon (of something dangerous or care- 

less of injury): J/.I//M /n; , to tread upon a 

rd (regardless of injury). 
FUMI-OIOSHI.-SU 7 \ ~X h ^ J % t.v. To 

throw down hy treading on, as anything from 

a height. 
iFrMi-SAKUMi,-MU 7 \ ^ ? A t.v. To tread 

upon and rend : iwa wo . 
FCMI-SASHI 7 I U" S' n. A frame or rack for 

holding p.! 
FrMi-sHiKi,-KU 7 $ Ss# t.v. To tread upon 

and spread out, or le\vl. 
FUMI-SHITAKI,-KU 7 \ is X 9 t.v. i.q. fumi- 



rAOsni.-sn 7 \ 9 7 * 5& {?>] t.v. To throw 
over by stepping on, us anything standing. 
: FE 7 \ 7- i.q. fitd,'. 

TODOMARI,-RU 7 \ h I? V >U 5g *$ i.V. TO 

halt, make a stand : fe tatukfm. 

^u 7 S '-? v* X J$ $ t- v - To 
Jc. crush, or mash with the foot; to stamp 
ces. 

TSUKK.-RU 7 \*? >T J^fft t.V. (coll.) To 

tread on, step on, treat with contempt ; to 
trample on: Into wo fitmit*n);e ni //, to 
trample on others. 

FlTMI-T8DYORI,-RU 7 \ 7 3 A- t.V. To plant 

one's feet against anything to resist violence. 

FcunrE 7 $ x. Jfj *$ n. A picture, or metal 

image upon which foreigners landing from 

]>s as well as all nativt s re-id 
Nagasaki were required in the time of the 
gnns to tread, in order to prove they were 
Dot Christians. 

7 I */U n. A monument erected in 
hon lar. 

7 ; -/ 1- :. n " The 7th month 

' ; / 9 *> n. A writing table; 

7 i'V* n. A roll; volume (of a 

" * ^* fl ^ Clear; plain ; distinct. 

AXfRAKA. 

t * ^ ^ Waste; in 

- nr, rhi. 

c- y ^ n. 

V v pj n. (mc'l.) The son 



FCMOTO 7 ^ ^ $? n. The base or foot of a 
mountain : no chaya, tea-house at the foot 
of the hill. 

fFuMPANAcni 7 */ ,i } *? n. A spring= 
bane. 

FUMPATSU 7 v/> y jg Zeal; eagerness ; exer- 
tion ; enthusiasm : sun*, to become ardent, 
eager, zealous, enthusiastic ; to be excited, or 
roused to action from idleness, or inactivity : 
shitt rjnkumon st/nt, ardent in the pursuit 
of learning. 
Syn. FUXGEKI. 

FUMPUN 7v7 s v ^-^> adv. In a confused 
manner ; in a dispersed manner ; scattered here 
and there: ki no ha ga kaze ni fninpnn to 
ochiru, the leaves fell scattered by the wind ; 
liana ga fninpnn to niyou, the fragrance of 
flowers was diffused all around. 

FUN 7V ?> n. The tenth part of a momme= 
5.80 grs. Troy ; a minute: ippnn, one fun ; ni- 
fnn, two fun ; go , five minutes. 

FUN 7 is '$% (ko) n. Fine powder: kimpun, 
gold-dust; powdered gold ; giuipmi, powdered 
silver; mempun, wheat-flour; teppun, pow- 
dered iron. 

FUN 7 v ^ n. Dung; fecos : knnn iieko tea 
fun-ahiga ivarui, the cat is filthy in her habits; 
tori no . 
Syn. KURO. 

FUNA 7 * $$ n. A kind of river fish, like a 
carp ; Carassins longsdorfii. 

FUNA-AKINDO 7 -Yf ^ 2/ n. A merchant \vho 
traffics on ship-board, or by boat. 

FUXA-ASHI 7 + T Ss n. Ballast. 

FUXA-ASOBI 7 +7 y 1: fij'p iJJ u. Boating for 
pleasure ; a boat excursion. 

FUNAIJA 7 -h ^ $fe tfjt n. A place whore boat;? 
or ships are used; a sea port ; a place where 
ships can touch. 

SyU. MINATO, FUNATSUKI. 

fFuNABARA 7 -J-/*5 u. The hull of n boat or 

ship. 
FUNABASHI 7 + >3 *s ^ j$j n. A bri<l 

boats; a pontoon bridge. 

FUNABATA) 7+,*% # 4 fc n. Tho gunwale of 
l-'rxAHERi) a l)oat, or buhva 'iip. 

1'rxMiiTo 7 + t* > ft A ". Q ;ilora; 

boatmen ; a passenger. 
S\ r 

"'^" 7-^f*v ft'UI'n. Passage m 

: fare ; fiv: 

ACHI 7-f-yf- n. Setting-pail: sum. 
7 + # 4 9 ty-J^Z. n. A ship- 
car] liip-buildi i : lioat-birldrr. 

7 Hh y ^ -)tj- i n. The god of 

i urd by tmilor*. 

ANA 7 + it + n. A shelf, closet, or bunk 
of a 

: i 7 * f 3 9 ^ f5! (M <"*) n. 

Ship-<ij.] liinity to 

by a 'inp : < >*.it. i ,,'' -i i -n >. I 

;iy of going or kn by 

ship ; or. a nhip is ill 

> / n. .Setting hiiil 



FUN 



96 



FUN 



FUNADOIYA 7 -9- f 4 -V $ $j H A com- 
mission house for goods brought by ship ; a 
shipping merchant. 

Syn. KAISEN-DOIYA. 

FUNADOMARI 7 *]? -r 9 n. Stopping by ship 

at a place for a short time : Kobe minato ni 

sum, to touch at Kobe. 
FONA-DOME 7 -h i? * n. Stopping ships from 

entering ; a blockade. 
fFoNADO-No-KAMi 7 * i? ) # $ n. The god of 

roads, who protects the roads against evil 

spirits. 
FUNAGAKARI ? + # U 9 fr * n. Anchoring, 

or making fast a ship or boat : ICQ sum, to 

anchor ; shite on/, to be at nnehor. 

FUNAGASSEN, ) 7 * <*f 7 % J' J f| H< A 

FUNAIKDSA j naval battle. 

FUNAGI 7 -J- ^ n. Timber for building boats 

or si i 
FUNAGIYOI.-OU 7 + if ft 7 i.v. To race or 

emulate in going by l>o;it. 
FUNAGO 7 -J- n* n. Sailor 7frtA-o, siiifn. 
FUNAGOYA 7-7-3*^ fl/Mg. n - A house or 

shed under which ships or boats are built or 

kept. 
FONAGU 7 f / n. The rigging or furniture of 

a ship. 
FUNAGURA 7 ?- jf 7 ftfc ^ . A dock for keep- 

ing ships or boats. 
FUNAHIKI 7 -h b ^ n. One who tows a boat: 

'iiawfi. a tow-line ; michi, a tow-pi\th. 
fFuNA-i 7 -h # n. Anchoring a boat or sbip. 
FUNAJI 7 9 <F %$ $j n. Tbe way, or distance 

by sbip ; the route of a ship : icn ouoxo ikn 

*fu ri, about how many thousand miles is 

it by ship? S!i>in<iJini ije no wa dochira 

wo ynku, by what route does a ship go to 

Shanghai ? 
FUNAJIRUSHI 7 -h i? >\* I* n. A ship's ensign 

or fla^. 
FUNAKA 7 f- # n. Not on good terms; disagree- 

ment. 
FUNAKAKE 7 ? * >" n. A boat-race. 

Syn. KEISHP. 
FUNAK'ATA 7 + -ft ? ft ij n Sailors ; boat- 

men. Syn. SKXT>O. 
FUNAKAZARI 7 -j- # / >; u. Decorating or em- 

bellishing a ship : sum. 
FUNAKO 7 -h 3 -fft -$- n. A sailor, boatman. 
FUNAKOBORI 7 -f- rj tf 9 ^ ^ n. A person 

saved from shipwreck. 

7 ^ ^ 7 ** A boat-race= 



FUNAMANJU 7^-V2''^-*^ ^ ^| (coll.) A 

ship's prostitute. 
FUNAMICHI 7 -? 5 f- n. The course of a ship; 

also, the wake of a ship. 

FUNAMOCHI 7-* >: Ef- J?]^^ n - A ship-owner. 
FDNAMOYOI 7 -h ^E 3 b n. Preparing a boat 

or ship for sailing. 
FUNAMUSHI 7 -J- A ^ n. A kind of wood louse 

that infest boats. 
FUNANI 7 -}-n n. Cargo. 
FONAOROSHI 7i-^p>' ^jfp n. Launching 

a ship. 



FUNAOSA 7 *- -% / $ ^ n. The captain of a 

ship. Syn. SKNCHO. 
FUNATSUKI 7 + v -V f : .^f n. Anchoring ; 

anchorage, ; a pltce where boats or ships stop, 

or anchor. Syn. MINATO, FUNABA. 
FUNAUTA 7 -h ^ ^? ^ : Sf^ n. A boat song. 
FUNAWATA 7 -h !7 ^r n. Oakum. 

Syn. MAIHADA. 

FUNAWATASHI 7 * y ^r jx Jjj^ ^ n. A ferry. 
FUNAYADO 7-)"Yl* J>]A^ n. A sailor's inn; a 

boat-house ; a person who keeps boats for 

hire. 
FUNAYAKATA 7 -^ ~Y * ^? n. The house or 

pavilion on a pleasure boat. 

b n. Sea-sickness 
n. Calling a boat, as 



n. Fitting out or 
passengers, or for a 



boat 



FUNAYOBAI 7-ha 

at a ferry. 
FrxAYosoi 7 -J- -3 y b 

preparing a nhip for 

battle. 

fFuNAYtr 7-h^i. n. Bilge-water=afca. 
FUNAYUSAN 7-hn-ifv J^i^xLj n. A 

excursion for pleasure. 
FUNAZOKO 7 -t- y" a Jft T& n. A ship's bottom ; 

a kind of covering for the lu-a'1. 
FDNAZDMI 7 + */ \ $} 3% n. Loading a sliip : 

kon-nichi ?ro itimltimasti, I shall put in 

caryo to-day; kon-iticlti d? gozarifluuu, this 

is the day for loading cargo. 
fFuNDK ~? ^/ =r n. i.({. fndr. 
FUNDKI 7v^r>f %ftiJk. " A kind of gilt pint. 
FUNDO ) 7 v i* ^ ^ ^ n. The weights of 
FUNDOX i"a wei^him; beam, or scales. 
FDNDO 7 v ^ ^ i. n. Dang. 
FUNDO 7 v i* fg;$ n. Anger ; indignation. 

Syn. ircmoRi, HARATACHI, IKARI. 
FDNDOSHI 7 v h* 2^ jffi. n. The cloth worn 

around the loins ; a waist-cloth. 

Syn. YfMo.lI, ITA-OBI.* 

FUXE 7 ^ fl n. A boat, ship ; a vat ; the 
largo tub in a bath house : no kil-ita, the 
deck of a ship ; no hofietn, the yards of a 
ship ; no hoznnn, the halyards of a ship ; 
wo kaji, the rudder of a ship ; no t'jino, 
the poop of a ship ; no <.tnotr. the bow of 
a ship ; no ho, the sail of a ship ; no ho- 
binfJiiru, the masts of a ship ; no aha, bilge 
water ; wo kogu, to scull a boat ; wo 
moijun, to lash boats together ; ico kakeru, 
to anchor a ship; u-n mauiru, to tack ; 
tea itsn goro demasu, when does the ship sail? 
t7.su goro ga kochira ye txukiinasho ka, 
when do you think the ship will arrive ? 
ga yureru, the boat rocks ; ni noru, to 
embark, or sail in a ship ; ni yo, to b 
sick ; df ynku, to go by ship ; ni ico ni 
tannin, to load cargo ; no kawara, the flat 
bottom of a boat. 

FUNE-HIKI-MICHI 7^-bt- 5^ ^^' " A path 
on which men walk in towing boats up a 
river ; tow-path. 

FUNEI 7 3- 4 ^ -f^ pron. I, in speaking hum- 
bly of one's self. 
Syn. SESSHA. 



FUN 



97 



FUR 



7 v ?' -fc ft$fc wn*, excited; 
roused into passion ; animated ; inflamed by 
anger; furious. 

Syn. IKIDOBU. 

FrxGiRi,-BU 7^3?*' t.v. (coll.) i.q. fttmildri. 
FUNGO 7 $- if 7 %&- sum, to harmonize, 

agree, accord. 

FCSGOMI 7 v n* 5 Jg ^x n. A kind of pan- 
taloon tied around the knee ; breeches. 
FUSIAI 7 - r b ^ fc{ ^ (coll.) Unbecoming ; 

not to fit ; unsuitable ; improper. 
FUSIKU 7 ^ $J $] n. (coll.) Gangrene; morti- 
fication. 

x 7 v $ "S: n. Liability ; responsibility. 
N-JO 7 v 2? 3 ^> ^ /v 4 Ht (coll.) Unkind ; 
inhuman ; cruel ; without natural affection. 

Syn. FUJITSU, HAKCJO, NASAKENAI. 
Frxixso 7 ^ vfl- # ;fc A -fg n. (coll.) A bad 

physiognomy. Syn. AKU-SO. 
FUXJI, FCNZURU 72'S?A' t.v. i.q./uji. 

ITSU 7V 5? 7 $^^ To lose: */ufa, 
have or was lost. 

Syn. rsinxAu, NAKUNABU. 

FCNKEI 7 ^ p 4 ft] 1 n. Lit. cutting off one's 
own he:id : no indjiicari=most intimate 
friendship. 

i y v 3^ ?f| ^S n. Upheaval. 
I >TSD 7 v 3 -y ^ff* (/ion wo ko ni suru) 
Pulverzing the bones ; (met.) to exert to the 
utmost; to labor to do; do with one's might. 

Syn. HONE wo ORU. 
FUNKWA 7 ^ 9 V *$ *X n. An eruption of fire: 

ran, a volcano. 

FUNMAN 7^-rv fj$ 3 n. Resentment ; irrita- 
tion ; exasperation ; indignation : ni taezn. 
KI 7 $ ) } ) f*r# A wafer; sealing 
wax ; gum used for sealing letters. 
Syn. FCJIRO. 

FUNORT 7 J *) V^Si n - A. kind of seaweed, 
used for glazing and starching. 

\ 7 > *7 i' ft)- ft (wfarm<) uru, to 
be disturbed ; to be in commotion or confusion. 

FUNRIN 7 > 9 v ^ /g n. A grain ; a farthing; 
the smallest particle: mo machigaicanu, 
not the slightest mistake. 
Syn. OOHI. 

FUNRYO 7 v 9 & $| n. (med.) An encysted 
tumor, v, 

FCNSEH 75^-teV ^|!^ uru, to fight furi- 
ously. 

v* >f ^;JC A jet or spouting forth 
of water. 

FCMIUIKI 7v*#* 'U/X.^ln. A machine 
for spouting water. 

FCNDKK 7 % >r n. (coll.) Foolish; silly; stupid; 
an ass, blockhead, dunce : m, a fool : 
yard, id.; mono da ; ni num. 

FCH-UH 7 v *> v & Jg (moeur) n. Contro- 
versy ; dispute : //a ofcoru. 

4F0*TA-wARAwx 7 vY 7 9 -> n. A school-boy. 

Fo-HT6 7 - Y H n. Rich, wealthy ; fertile: 

chi, fertile land. 

FU-WTOBO 7 - v >N 7 ^ if vt ('o no ^oto*u na- 
><) Contrary to rale or law ; unlawful ; im- 
moral ; depraved ; diMolute. 
13 



FONYO-I 7 n 3 4 ?p i? ^ (ftofcoro no omou y5 
ni narozu) Not to one's mind ; disagreeable ; 
unpleasant ; annoying ; offensive ; inconveni- 
ent: uchi go, ni naru, the family are in 
want. Syn. FDJYO. 

FUNZORI.-RU 7 v v**- i-v. (coll.) To stretch or 
curve the body backward while lying down ; 
to bend backward : ano nama-ei wa funzori- 
kaette abareru. 

FDRACHI 79^ ^ tff (coll.) Wicked ; vicious ; 
rude ; unprincipled ; abandoned ; lawless : 
na yatsu. 

FORA-FURA 7^79 adv. (coll.) In a limber 
manner ; unsteady ; tottering ; dizzy : to 
memai ga shite kita, to swoon, or faint away: 
me ga to suru, eyes are dizzy. 

FURAI 7 $ ? J M.%. (coll.) Coming as if blown 
by the wind; having no owner or certain dwell- 
ing place : mono, a thing that comes season- 
ably. 

FURANKR 7 7 31 H' (Eng.) n. Flannel. 

FURANKD 7 7 v^ -J:t (French) n. A frano= 
17.1 sen. 

FURARI-TO 7 3 p h j$ $ adj. (coll.) In a 
thoughtless, careless manner; ramblingly: 
kodomo wa deta, the child has wandered 
out. Syn. FUTO. 

FCRASHI,-SU) 7 7" ^ ^ f^ caust. of /urtt. To 

FURASE,-RD j cause to shake, or to rain : kami 
sama wa aine wofuraseru, God makes it rain. 

FURASUKO 7 ? *. = fiMft s (Dutch) n. A flask, 
bottle. 

FURA-TSUKI,-KU 7 9 y 9 i.v. (coll.) To be 
shaky; trembling; unsteady; loose; tottering. 

FURE 7 v ^5 % u. A notification; government 
proclamation. 
Syn. FUKOKU. 

fFoRK 7 u n. A village, town=mura. 

FURE,-RU 7 \s*' ^5 t.v. To touch, hit, strike 
against in passing ; to graze, brush against ; 
to publish, make known, promulgate ; to break, 
infringe (a rule) : te wo , to touch the hand 
to anything; hei ni fiireru, to brush against a 
fence ; me ni , to get a glimpse of ; kimi no 
ikdi-i ni fureta, to incur the master's anger ; 
jiko ni fureru, to be affected by the clin 
yam<ii ni fureru, to contract disease; kimi ni 
, to offend, or hurt the feelings ; okit? ni 
, to break the laws ; o/ur wo ftirfm, to 
publish a proclamation; kwaijd de fureru, to 
publish by a circular; ofure, a government 
proclamation. 

Syn. ATARU, TSDOBRU, BIBOMKRU. 

FDRE.-RU 7 u/u i.v. Turned or bent from tho 
proper or straight line ; deflected ; canted ; 
ini-linoil: *i ga fureru, to be out of one'i 
mind; crazy; i ga furrt>i.\\\v h 
trim ; jm-n ti<- furrta, canted toward the right. 
Syn. CHIOAU, MAOAI 

FURK CHinA8HI,-8C 7 U + f ^ WHfc t.V. (coll.) 

To circulate; give pnMirity; jn !* known hero 
and there (generally in a bad sense). 

FUllK-DARHI.-BU 7^^^, fH jfc t.V. (roll.) To 

pulilinh; make proclamation; circulate a 
notice. 



FUR 



98 



FUR 



FURE-OAKI 7v#* |jf|n. A proclamation ; 

a public notice. 
FUREI 7 v>f ^ < Notification: suru, to 

notify, publish, make known publicly. 

Syn. FUKOKU. 
FUREI 7 v J 7^ ft] (tsune narazu) Not in 

usual health; unwell: go ni watarase-tamau, 

id. 
FDREN 7 uv Tfrfffi adj. (coll.) naru, high 

in price ; dear : kono shina wa da. 
FUKENAOASHI 7 v + -jf ix n. A proclamation, 

notification. 
FUBE-NAOSHI,-SU 7 v * ? * gf ^ t.v. To issue 

a notice correcting or countermanding a 

previous order. 

FURESASE.-RU I 7 v -fr -fe A- <$- g caust. of 
FURESHIME.-RU J fureru. To cause to be pub- 
lished ; to make another to publish. 

FlTHE-SHIRA8E,-RU 7lxi' ; 7-b>l'^j^p t.V. 

To make known by proclamation ; to publish 
abroad ; to tell publicly. 

FUKI 7 9 jfo D. Numeral for swords : naginata 
Into furi, one halberd; tachi mi furi, three 
long swords. 

FURI 7 9 n. A pendulum. 

FCRI 79 fj n. Manners; behavior; deport- 
ment ; air; gait; carriage: furi no warui liito, 
a person of bad manners, or awkward gait ; 
nan furi, the dress, style of dress; minu furi 
wo sum, to act as if not seeing. 
Syn. YOSU, KATACHI, BUOATA, NARI. 

FDRI.-RU 7 ^ f^ (kudaru) i.v. To fall, as rain : 
ame gafuru, it rains; yuki ga futte kita, it 
has begun to snow; sakubun shiino gafutta, 
there was frost last night. 

FDRI.-RU 7 ** jfc t.v. To brandish, wave, 
flourish ; to shake ; to turn away : katana wo 
furu, to brandish a sword; te wo futte aruku, 
to walk swinging the arms ; iya da to itte 
kubi wofutta, shook his head, saying he would 
not; waki-me mo furazu, not to turn the eyes 
off of anything ; kokoro mo furazu, not to turn 
the mind off of anything ; to be intent upon ; 
mikoshi wo , to carry a mikoshi. 

FUUT.-RU 7 A' $2 t.v. To pass, or spend time: 
Yokohama ni ite toshi wo furu koto go nen, 
spent five years living in Yokohama ; toshi 
furu mama ni, as one grows old. 
Syn. HEUU, OKURU, SUOIRU. 

FURI-AI 7 9 T b $S: -- n. Usual practice ; 
usnge ; custom ; example. 

SyU. REI,,NARAWASHI. 

FURIDASHI 7 y^S" n. An infusion. 

Fuai-DAsni.-su 7 9 j?n ffi.& t.v. or i.v. (coll.) 
To shake out ; to make an infusion ; P$ & to 
begin to ruin : kasha wo , to shake out pep- 
per ; ame ga furi-dasJitti, it has begun to rain. 

iFuRiDE 7 \) jr n. A deep red color. 

FURI-GANA 7 9 if + n. The kana written at 
the side of a Chinese character to explain 
its meaning. 

-tFuRiHAE,-Ru 7 y s\^ )\, t.v. To shake, wave, 
(as the long" sleeve in walking). 

FURI-HANACHI,-TSU 7 9 >\ + V $& fa t-V. To 

shake off ; shake loose. 



9 7 



. To shake 

To 



jfc ffi t.V. 

t.v. To look 
to turn anything 

t.v. Tc part in 



FURI-HARAI,-AU 7 9 
off, as dust. 

FURI-KAKB,-BU 7 9 ^ 

sprinkle. 
FURI-KAE,-RU 7 9 -f] ^ 

round ; to look back ; 

round. 
FURI-KIRI.-RD 79*^ 

two by shaking. 

FURI-KOMERARE,-RU 7 

Detained in the house by rain ame ni furi' 
komerareta, id. 

FDRI-KOMI.-MU 7 9 a A i.v. To rain into (also 
t.v. coll.) to pay for a bill of exchange : ame 
ga ie ni ; kawase wo ginko ni . 

FURI-MAWASHI,-SD 7 9 T V *. $& ^ *- v - To 

brandish about : katana wo , to brandish a 

sword. 
FURI-MUKI,-KU 7 9 A ^ iH ft] i.v. To turn 

round towards ; to turn and face ; to face. 
FORIN 7 ^ 9 v $$ n. A small bell hung 

up to be shaken by the wind. 
FURIN 7 9 v ^; f^- Ill-matched ; badly mated ; 

(as husband and wife). 

IFuRiNiSHi ) 7 9 ^ 2x Ancient ; old : sato, 
iFoRiNiTARU) an ancient place. 
FURI-OKOSHI,-SD 79^-3^ t.v. To shake up ; 

to rouse up : kokoro wo , to nerve one's 

self up to action. 

FCRI8AKEMI,-RU 7 W? \ ** $&.*& JL To look 

up at ; to look afar oil, as at the ocean : ama 

no hara furi-sakfmireba. 
FURISHIKI.-KU 7 y Ss ? i.v. To rain ; to rain 

hard : ame fja . 
FDRISO 7 9 ? $ f$ ^ Appearance of or threat- 

ening to rain : de gozarimasu, it looks like 

rain. 
FURISODK 7 9 y 5 f ^ ^ n. Long pendulous 

sleeves ; a garment having long sleeves. 
FURI-SDTE.-RU 7 9 x. 7- A- ^ ^ t.v. To throw 

away, to fling away; abandon. 
FORI-TATE,-RU 7 9 *V ^ t.v. To shake ; raise 

up : koye wo , to raise the voice. 

FORI-TSDKE,-RD 7 9 7 * ** tfc ^ *-V. (coll.) To 

turn away from in dislike : hUn n-o . 
FURI-TSUZUKI,-KU 7 9 y */ ? j 3 ^ -^ i.v. To rain 

for several successive days. 
FURI-URI 7 f $ 9 H^fF n. A peddler; one 

who hawks goods about : wo suru, to peddle 

goods. 
FDRIWAKE-QAMI 7 9 V fit * &t ^ H n- Hair 

parted and hanging do\\n=hanuri. 
FURIZORA 7 9 y*7 p$ ^ n. A cloudy sky 

that looks like rain. 
FDRIZDMBAI 7 9 !/v/*>f n. A sling. 
FURO 7 p J3( n. A bath-tub ; a box for 

drying lacquered ware in ; an oven ; a small 

culinary furnace : ni iru, to go into a bath- 

tub ; mnshi-buro, a vapor-bath ; wo tateru, 

to prepare a hot-bath. Syu. YUDONO. 
Fuuo 7 7 $ 5C ^ n- The elders, or honorable 

persons of a place. 
FURO 7 7 # >fc ^ Never growing old ; always 

young : no juteu ; fu-hi no kusuri t the 

elixir of life. 



FUR 



99 



FUS 



FCRO 7 TJ $ *& n. Sealing wax. 
FUBOBA 7 n y* fa g #% n. A bath-room. 
FCROK-KI 7n7*MT?' n - A- kind f f 0( * 

made of boiled radishes. 
FCROFCKI.-KU y P 7 9 t.v. To cleanse the 

body by means of a hot air bath. 
FUBOKU 7 p 9 Jft $& n - An appendix to a 
book ; supplement ; extra to a newspaper ; 
iicil to a will: kotoba wo shu-i shite 
snni. 

IIA 7 p J'-Y ^^35 n - Prussia. 
FrnosHiKi 7n>^^.g$r.u. A cloth used 
for wrapping. 

MI.-KU 7>u t *n- i.v. To become old 
find faded ; to be time-worn ; to grow old. 
Frr.ucm 7 >v * % & (lit. old blood) n. The 
hemorrhage after parturition. 

r.oou 7 ** if *? f "" ^l & n - 01(i furni- 
ture : second-hand furniture ; ya, a shop 
wliere old furniture is sold. 
FUBUGI 7 A- ^ ft n. Old clothes , second- 
hand clothing. 
FURUGIRE 7 *- ^ u * J# n. Old rags. 

:ION 7 ^ ;fc v n. Old or second-hand 
books : ya, second-hand book store. 

r,-0 7 n- # jfo i.v. or t.v To shake ; to 
sift ; to tremble, shiver, shudder ; to exercise 
power or influence over others ; to stir up, 
arouse ; to be aroused ; to flourish : kimono wo 
, to shake one's clothes ; samukute furn, 
to shiver with cold ; osorete /urw, to tremble 
with fear; iya de mi-burni ga snru, to shud- 
der with disgust ; udonko wo , to sift flour ; 
ji go, fur ft, the earth quakes ; ikioi wo , to 
exercise authority ; t wo tenka ni , to make 
one's power felt over the whole empire ; kind 
no ikioi ftttdtabi funiwazu, the state did not 
lin its power, 
i 7 ** b $ji n. A seive. 
i 7 * b f?$ $ n. A trembling tremor; 
shaking; shivering: ga okoru, to have a 
trembling ; mizukara furui, to encourage one's 

r.-Ki-sHi 7 A- 4 adj. Old: ancient; 
!o ; decayed by time : i, an old house ; 

kimono, old worn-out clothes ; furuki wo 

;tara*hiki wo ghiru (prov.). 

FURUrWA,-RU 7^b7^A-^^ t.V. To 

separate by sifting. 

KANE 7 *- * * $ n. Old metal. 

KI 7 *, * n Tin; sable , sable skin : 

ncdijinn. garment of . 
r.oro 7 *- a K n. An ancient thing ; 
aiici' i, or way; antiquities. 

KU) 7 *- 9 & adj. Fnrnku natta, has 
FCBO ) become old: f)nz,u im>i<n, it is old; 

turn, to make look old and faded. 
Fi'RCCBAi,-Ki 7 A- 9 *t 4 -& % adj. Old 

fashioned ; antiquated ; ancient ; obsolete : 
Ufa, an old fashioned song. 

7 * -r b fa H n. Deportment ; be- 

hi-fiintmai. i 1. 
Syn. OKONAT. 

u 7 A- -r 7 (gt.v. To entertain; 
to treat ; to feast : chitO ihite hito ni , to 



give a feast to a person ; mat mono wo , to 
treat one to something sweet. 
Syn. CHISO SDRU, MOTENASU. 

FURUMAI 7 ^ -r b n. Feast ; entertainment. 
Syn. CHISO, SHUYEN, KYO-O. 

FDBUMEKASHII,-KI-KU 7 ^ > * 2^ 4 adj. Old; 
antiquated; ancient; obsolete. 

FURU-NA 7*-^ n. The name of one of Shaka's 
ten disciples who was celebrated for his elo- 
quence : no ben demo ikenai. 

FURUSA 7 >\*-y- -fr n. The oldness ; antiquity. 

FUBUSATO 7 ** f" > -J^ ^t n. Native place ; 
place of oue's birth ; an ancient place. 
Syn. KOKYO. 

FORUSHI,-SU 7 A" ^ t.v. To use for a long time ; 
to cast away, or be tired of, as an old worn 
out thing : snmi-fitrushita ie, a house in which 
one has lived a long time ; ware wo furusu mi, 
don't cast me away. 

FURUSU 7 A* *. n. (poet.) The old nest ; old 
home ; ancient haunt. 

FURUTE 7 n- f & ^- n. Second-hand article 
of any kind: ya, a second-hand clothing 
store; kan, to buy second-hand. 
Syn. FUBUQJ. 

FURUWASHI,-SU 7>uj>\:^ ^ t^ t.v. To cause 
to shake or tremble : mi wo fimiwashite irtt, 
was trembling ; koe wo , to make the voice 
tremble (as iu anger). 

FURYO 793 ^ J$r (omowazu) Contrary to 
one's expectations ; sudden ; unexpected : 
no tailtcn ; no wazawai. 

FURYO 793 f ^ n. A prisoner; captive \ 
toriko. 

FURYO \s*) *t t; ^ ^ (yokaranu) Not good ; 
bad ; evil. 

FURYOKEN 79-V^^v^5^ n - False judg- 
ment ; mistaken opinion ; erroneous view or 
notion: wo dasu, to form . 

FORYO 7 i> 9 M. -<5tl Genteel; refined; 
elegant ; classical ; chaste. 

Syn. MIYABIYAKA, 8HABAKU, XKINA. 

fFusA 7 $ n. Hemp. 

FUSA 7 If J n. A tassel ; the corolla of A 
flower ; numeral for flowers, bunch> 
grapes, etc.: bndd hito /*a, one bunch of 
grapes ; knki hito , one cluster of persimmons ; 
no okii futiiri. 

FUSA-FUSA 7 V 7 -9- adv. Luxuriantly; in 
clusters. 

FUSAOARE.-RU 7lf**uA' pass, of futfiffu. Ano 
akiiiilo icii Ykhtiin<i irn fu<'i<i<t>-<-tii, that mer- 
chant has been shut out of Yokohama. 

FUSAOABI.-BU 7-f-ti*' ^1 i- v - T O ** 
closed, obstructed, blockt-.l up; t. l>- 
up or occupied: ch<i-icdti wa min>i fnxarjeitte 
oni, the cups are all in use; fcuc/ii ga , the 
mouth is shut , -- if orn, the roads 

are obstructed ; ki (jo. , to be heavy at heart, 
gloomy ; te ga , bauds are full. 
Syn. TSUMABU. 

FUHAOARI 7 If if 9 n. The state of being 
closed ; obstructed ; unlucky. 

FOSAOI.-OO 7 f / ^ t-v. To shut, close ; to 
top up, block up, obstruct ; to plug up ; to dam 



FUS 



100 



FUS 



up ; to be in low spirits ; gloomy : me wo , to 

shut the eyes ; kuchi wo , to shut the mouth ; 

nezumi no ana wo , to stop up a rat hole ; 

kawa wo , to dam up a river ; ki ga fusaide 

or n, to feel gloomy. 

Syn. TSUMEBU. 
FU-SAI 7 $ >f -^ ^ (me-oto) n. Husband and 

wife. Syn. FUFU. 
FUSAI 7 -9- >f 7^ -fr Without talent ; no ability ; 

stupidity: no ko. 
FUSAI 7 -f >f ^ |f n. A debt ; indebtedness : 

ga takusan urn; ga kasumu. 
Syn. OIME, KABI. 

FOSAI.-AU 7-9*7 i.v. To suit, match; to agree; 
to be becouiiug : mibun ni , to suit one's 
station ; (neg.) fusawazu, not suitable ; un- 
becoming. 

FUSAN 7^1/7^$%- (Idtarazu : coll.) Not come. 

FUSANE,-UBU 7 IT x A* t.v. To include ; compre- 
hend ; comprise : ban-ji wo , to comprehend 
everything. 
Syn. BOBERU. 

iFusANi 7 -f =1 adv. Numerously ; abundantly. 

Syn. SAWANI, OBITADASHIKD. 

FUSABI TO, or FUSSABI TO 7 U" 9 ) adv. Lux- 
uriantly. 

FUSASAKUBA 7 T If ^ 7 :! $ n. The verbena. 
FUSASE.-BU ) 7 If -fe^ 4*%k caust. of /*/*/. 
FusA8HiME,-BuJ To cause to lie down; to put 

to sleep. 
FUSAWANU 7 U* ^ 5? ^ 1 E )?B Not suitable ; not 

appropriate ; uncongenial"; not good : iro; 

-fufu. 
FUSAWASHIKABAZU 7 ^ ^ 2^27 7 X. Not suitable ; 

unbecoming. 

FDSAYAKA y -yr -V # n. Luxuriant ; abundant. 
FUSE 7 -fe ^J5 3& n. Alms given to priests : 

wo turn, to give &\tns' t fuse-motsu, alms. 
FUSE,-BU 7 -fe A' t.v. To turn bottom up; invert: 

chawan wo , to turn a cup bottom up ; te wo 

, to lay the hand prone. 
fFusE-oANE 7 -b if 3* n. A hasp or metal-hook 

for fastening a door. 
FUSEOU,-GD 7 -fe f P2f t.v. To ward off, shut 

out, fend off ; to resist ; to repel, oppose, guard 

against; teki wofusegu, to resist the enemy ; 

kaze ico , to keep off the wind ; te de , to 

ward off with the hand. 
Syn. BOGYO SUBD. 

FUSEOI-TATAKAI,-AU 7 M$ * * # 7 J^^ t.V. 

To fight off ; to fight and oppose. 

Syn. BOSEN SUBU. 
FUSEGO 7 -fe =f Hf| n. A large basket for 

drying clothes. 
FOSEI 7 -fe 'f ^ $f Indolent ; slothful ; lazy ; 

inactive ; indisposed to exertion. 

Syn. BUSHO. 
FUSEI 7 -b >f v$ & (uki-yo) n. This transient 

world. 
FUSEI or FUSHO 7 & >f 7 j (tadashikarann) 

adj. Unjust; incorrect ; improper : no oko- 

?mi, improper conduct. 
FUSEISHUTSU 7 ^ 4 *s a. y ^ $ & A none- 

Buch, which has not its like ; extraordinary : 

no at, a wife who had not her like. 



fFusEiwo 7 -fe 4 ft n. A cottage,- hut. 

FUSEKI 7 -b ^ fft ^ sum, to take into one's 

family, or number another in one's family. 
FUSEN 7 ^ -fe ^ K$P n - (Iti- air ship) A 

balloon. 
FUSENUI 7 -fe 5? b -R f4 n. A hem ; to lay and 

sew a hem. 
FUSEBI.-BU 7 -te A* gA. i.v. (coll.) To lie down, 

recline ; to sleep : fusete oru t is lying down ; 

is in bed. 

Syn. NEBU, YASUMO. 
FUSE-TOYU 7 -fe h a. n. A pipe buried in the 

earth to drain off water ; drain-pipe. 
FUSETSU 7 -b y %f ffj n. Two pieces of bamboo 

or parts of a seal, used as a tally ; credentials ; 

proof. 
FUSETSU 7 -b 9 f (ukitaru hanashi) n. A 

rumor ; a saying that has no foundation. 

FCZETSU 

Syn. FOBUN, HYOBAN, UWASA. 

fFusEYA 7 -fe -y n. A bed-chamber ; cottage. 

FUSEZEI 7 -b -fe* >f ^ ^ n. An ambuscade. 
Syn. FUKUHEI. 

IFusHi 7 S^ ^ n. Brush-wood ; fagots ; fire- 
wood. 

FUSHI, FOSUBU 7 & *)^ i.v. To reprove in 
directly. 

FUSHI.-SU 7 :* g^. i.v. To lie down, recline ; 
(i) to bend down ; to stoop ; to lie in ambush ; 
(IS) t ^ e prostrated: kodomo ga fushite oni, 
the child is lying down ; ki ga kaze de fushi- 
mashita, the tree was thrown down by the 
wind. 

Syn. NEBU, YOKOTAWABU. 

FUSHI 7 i/ * 3- (oya-ko) n. Father and child. 

FUSHI 7 $s %\yj Immortality ; never dying ; 
immortal: no kusuri. 

FUSHI 7 is JL f ^ n. Gall-nuts. 
Syu. GOBAISHI. 

FUSHI 7 $s %fi n. A joint, knot ; notes, or 
tones of music : fushi-bushi, the joint ; fnshi 
ana, a knot hole : wo tsukeru, to set to 
music ; to make the musical marks; take no 
, the joint of a bamboo. 

FUSHI 7 1) is ^. -f* n. Teacher ; master (used 
in addressing). 

FUSHIAWASE 7 *sj ^^ ^ \i Unfortunate ; 
misfortune ; bad luck ; calamity: ni au, to 
meet with misfortune ; na hito. 

FUSHIDACHI,-TSU 7 i' if y i.v. To be rough, 
uneven ; full of knots. 

FUSHIDO 7 i/ $ gA. J^ u. A bed-chamber ; tho 
lair of a wild beast. 

FUSHIOAKI 7 S' if * n. A hedge of brushwood. 

FUSHIOI 7 $s ^ 5fs i^ || Strange ; wonderful ; 
surprising ; marvellous ; miraculous ; super- 
natural : na koto da, it is a wonderful thing; 
na koto wo sum, to work a miracle. 

Syn. AYASHII, KIMYO. 

FUSHI-ITO 7 is 4 h n. Uneven silk thread ; that 
which is full of knots : on', silk stuff woven 
with . 

FUSHI-KAEBI.-BU 7 $s if ^ A- i.v. To change 
one's position in sleep ; to turn over. 



FUS 



101 



FUT 



7 Ss -ft 3- y* > n. A dark- 
purple color ; (clothes of this color were 
anciently worn by nobles above the 4th rank.) 
4FrsniKORi,-RU 7 5" 3 ^ i.v. To be angry. 
FUSHIKUREDACHI,-TSU v ^ 9 \s jf v i.v. To be 
uneven, full of knots : kono ita tea fushikurc- 
dattt iru, this board is full of inequalities. 

HIMACHINOTSUKI ? is ^* 3~ ) v *i n. The 
moon of the 19th day of the 2nd month (o.c.). 
IMAROBI.-BU 7 S'-r n 7* i.f.$ i.v. To fall 
and roll over; fall down : te n<ikn. 
FI.--HIMATSU 7*s-*y 'fcbv'fc n. Not eco- 
nomical ; not good in management ; wasteful. 
ii-ME 7 is* n. Looking down; down- 
cast ; sober ; grave : ni nnru. 

IE 7 is * |j Q n. A knot in wood. 
ru-Mizu 7 *s \ *f 4fc7jC n. Stagnant 
water ; still water. 
FUSHIN y is ^ ^ ^ n. Sedition ; insubordina- 

tion : wo s/i<3 su. 

FVSHIN 7 v' -is ^ $ Doubtful ; suspicious ; 
strange : chito fnxhin ntte goroji-mase, consider 
a moment about it ; hito ni ga kakari. 

Syn. IBUKARHII, UTAOAWASHII. 

FUSHIN y */ ^ ^ |$ n. Building; constructing; 

repairing: .<?r?<, to construct; to build; ie 

wo sum, to build a house. 

Syn. TSI-KURU, KENCHIKU, TATERU. 
FTJSHIXOAMI ~? $sf H \ False hair. 

M. TSDKE-OAMI. 

SOMA 7 is } * n. For a short time; 
a little while. 

Syn. ZAXJI, SHIBARAKU. 

' OGAMI,-MtT 7^t#* 

down and worship. 

; sniBA 7 isls,f n. 
wood. 

: SHIZUMI.-MU 7 5s is 
down upon the ground. 
:-o 7 



t.V. TO DOW 

Brush-wood; fire- 
if A i.v. To sink 



Rheumatism. 
:K 7 ^ y jr n. Punishment by burn- 
ing with brush-wood. 

K.-UU y i, 7 * t.v. To set to 
music; to mark with musical notes : nta ni . 
7 SsVf n. A kind of trap made 
of brush-wood for catching fish. 

7 Is*/? tffjptt n. Setting songs 

to music; affixing the musical notes ; also, the 

nshmcnt of crucifixion by driving the nails 

iutS. 

-s^r $ (coll.) <rw, to rest sat 
with ; to make do ; to be content with ; to put 
up with ; to bear patiently : thite kuda- 
tai. 

KORAKRU, KAMniN BURU, KAXNIN BDBU. 

> * $ ^ U| (m/7wrtt) I : 
agreeable; an well; indisposed: war/' 
nnpleaiant weather; fnxhr,.l,n*hr, ni t-irhitf 
yu*u, to arise and go in a slow and reluctant 



*t T>Vr '"'-") TTavinf? but little 
ftb unworthy ; 

iation): n 

' ; na mono, a stupid 

penon; no mi narcdomo. 



FUSHS 7 v'-V^ K*7&(* a 9 a waW)adj. Unlucky; 

ill-omened ; inauspicious : na tori, bird of 

ill-omen. 
FUSHOCHI 7 $s 3 i> f- ^t f<p Not consenting; 

not acquiescing; unwilling; not conscious of: 

wo in ; da. 

FUSHOKU 7 ^ 3 ^ ^ "fe n- Loss of appetite 
or disinclination to eat ; anorexia. 

FUSHOZON 7 *, 3 y* y ^pftfi. Erroneous 
opinion or judgment. Syn. FORYOKEN. 

FOSHU 7 " *> ff- E| n. A captive, prisoner. 
Syn. TORIKO. 

FUSHU 7 i> v' 7 ^ ^ (fciwe) n. Habit ; 
propensity. 

FUSHUBI 7 ^a. h* ^ "If j^. Same as Intshubi. 

FUSOKA 7T^^!7 n. Chinese hybiscus. 

FOSOKOKU 7T 1 fr : '^ ^A^^ n. Japan. 

FUSOKD 7 y ^ ^\ >5. (tniu) Insufficient; de- 
ficient ; not enough ; inadequate ; wanting ; 
discontent : aunt, to fall short ; to be in- 
sufficient; no kokoro, discontented; wo 
iu, to complain, find fault; hitotsu swru, to 
want one, deficient in one; nan/ no mo mii, 
to be wanting in nothing ; to be contented. 

FUSON 7 y v ^ xf Not humble ; haughty ; 
proud. 

Fuso-6 7 If $ * $ ^ fa JJ* Unsuitable ; un- 
becoming ; incongruous ; ^inconsistent with : 
bungen ni , unbecoming one's station. 
Syn. FUTSDRI-AI. 

FUSOROI 7 y o b 7{\ ^ Uneven ; not equal ; not 
uniform ; not full ; not complete in number. 

FUSUBE 7 ^ x< n. A black spot. 

FUSDBE,-RU 7^^^ i$ t-v. To smoke; to 
expose to smoke ; to fumigate ; to be jealous : 
ka wo , to smoke out mosquitoes. 
Syn. IBUSU, KUYORASU. 

FUSUBE-IRO 7^^>f n n. Smoky color. 

|FDSUBI,-BU 7 * y' i.v. To smoke ; emit smoke ; 
(met.) to feel angry. 

FUSUBORI.-RU 7*^*' fl i-v. To be smoked; 
to be fumigated ; color changed or made dirty 
by smoke ; smoky : ie ga fusubotta, the house 
is tarnished with smoke. 

Syn. IBDRU, KUYDRD. 

FO-SDJI 7 :*, ^P %\ JJ (coll.) Unjust ; improper : 

rm koto. 

MA 7 x * ^ n. Sliding screens covered 
with wall paper ; also a bed quilt. 
FOSUMA 7 * v n. Bran. 
tFususA 7 *T adv. Luxuriantly; abundantly. 
FDTA. 7 * n. A lid, cover: ten iru, to 
cover with a lid ; tco torn, to take off the lid. 
FUTA 7 S* fa n. A scab. 

Syn. KASAIU-TA. 
FDTA -7 Jt ^. Two (used only in comp. words) : 

fttta-miclii, two ways. 

FUTAB ? jt ~* ~ "ft Two ply ; double ; two 
layers : mauxuu, to wrap round twice ; 
make two turns (of a rope); 901/11', bent in 
the loins, ai old people with age. 

no 7 * 1f *- i ! fHHtfiari. 
i ,-oo 7 * / & Same a/< 
FUTAOO 7 jr ^ 4f n. Twins : uo umu, to 
beget twins. 



FUT 



102 



FUT 



FUTA-GOKORO 7 ft =f u o J=. /$? False-hearted ; 

not sincere; unfaithful; treacherous : naku, 

faithful, true, loyal. 
fFuTAGOMoRi 7 Jt :f * 9 n. Double cocoons 

---tama mnyti. 
fFoTAHo 7 jt'ft n. Double-faced ; hypocritical ; 

\vicked. 
FUTAI 7 # 2 4 M.$* " The tare of goods ; 

the tassels of a picture : wa ikura, how 

much is the tare? 
FUTA-ITOKO 7 , >f h 3 n $ j|^ n. Second 

cousin. 
FUTAMATA 7 X -r . $ Divided into two 

branches ; forked : daikon, a forked radish ; 

ynri, a double-headed spear. 

FUTAME 7 ft * ^. $j Not for one's interest or 
advantage; prejudicial; unhealthy ; impolitic : 

ni naru. 

FUTAMEKI,-KU 7 ft * ? i.v. To pant with 
alarm or excitement; to be flurried, agitated : 
aioate , to be flurried, alarmed, agitated. 

FUTA-NARI 7 ft + 9 7J n. A hermaphrodite. 

FUTANO 7 H ) ft$ j$ n. A cloth worn by women 
around the loins. 

FOTA-OYA 7 ft - -V S53-JI Q' Father and 
mother ; parents. 
Syn. RYO-SHIN. 

FUTAKI 7 ft y ^ A n. Two persons ; both 
persons : znre de ynkit, to go together. 

JFUTA-SAYANOIE 7 ? ^ *t ) 4 ^ 11. A hoUSC 

enclosed within another ; a double house. 
fFuTAsniE 7 ft Ss^ i.q. futae. 
FUTA-TACI 7 Si ft b? & n. Twice ; again. 

Syn. NI-DO, MATA. 
FUTATSD 7 ft y ^. Two. 

Syn. NI. 

FOTATSU 7 * 7 ft at n. A notification : 
sum, to notify. 
Syn. FUKOKU. 

FUTE,-RU 7 T ^ i.v. (coll.) To be offended 
and moody ; to be sulky ; to pout, or be in a 
pet ; to be miffed : kozukai (ja dunna ni ghika- 
rarete futcte hatarakanai, the servant being 
scolded by his master is sulky and does not 
work ; Itozo ga fute-ne wo sum, the boy is 
lying down in a sulky fit ; futete sora-byoki 
tco tsukau, he is sulky and feigns sickness. 
FUTEGIWA 7 T tf ^ 5p ^r f& (coll.) Badly 
made ; coarsely finished ; unskilled ; bungling. 

Syn. BUSAIKU, HETA. 
Funi 7?4 ^al Not submitting to authority; 

insubordinate : no to. 

FUTEI 7 fy T 4 M. fa n - Manner ; deportment ; 
appearance : ga oltashii. 

Syn. NARI-FURI. 

FUTEKI 7 7* 3f. -ft gft Fearless ; bold ; having 
no fear of man ; daring ; audacious (always 
in a bad sense) : na mono da. 
Syn. DAITAN. 

FUTEMAWARI 77*^ ^ 9 ^^5^ (coll.) Not 

active in doing ; not turning the hand to all 
the work that is required of one ; not able to 
do perfectly, completely or thoroughly : 
de komarn. 

Syn. FUYUKITODOSI. 



FUTEN 77"v ^^ (nmcga shita) n. Every- 

where under heaven : sotto, the whole 

world. 
FUTEN 7 # 7' v J|j[ fH n. Mental derangement; 

lunacy ; insanity ; madness : sha, or no 

mono, a crazy person. 
FUTO 7 h .^; jgj adj. Suddenly; unexpectedly; 

by chance ; accidentally ; casually : de ai- 

mashita, met unexpectedly; shita koto t 

accidental affair. 

Syn. HAKARAZU, OMOWAZU. 

FUTO 7h ff |33 n. Shaka; Buddha; a pagoda 

shi, Shaka ; a Bud. priest. 

FUTO 7 ft ^ ^ "iT Improper ; unbecoming ; 
unsuitable; unreasonable : na koto wo iu. 

FUTODOKI 7 > i* 41 ^ J^j Audacious ; daring ; 
despising the restraints of law or decorum ; 
rude : semban; na yatsu da. 
Syn. FURACHI. 

fFuTOGiNU 7 h ifx n. A coarse kind of silk 
stuff. 

FUTOI.-KI-SHI 7 > >f ^. adj. Thick or large in 
diameter; big; coarse; daring; audacious: 
ito, coarse thread; .s/a ija , his legs aro 
big; fntoi koto wo gum otoko da, one who 
does a daring thing ; kimo ga , bold ; coura- 
geous ; /rt, a large tree. 

FUTOKORO 7 \> ? v $ n. The bosom or 
pocket made by the folds of the clothes about 
the breast : Tit ireru, to put into the bosom; 
oya no futokoro ni ite nani mo shiranu, he 
always being in his mother's bosom is a dunce; 

(jo, a pet child. 
Syn. KWAI-CHU. 

7 h a p of \ n. Nose-paper 



FUTOKU, or FUTO 7 h 9 & adv. Same as 
futoi : futoku natta, has grown large ; futu go- 
zarhnasu, it is thick. 

FUTOKU 7 h 9 ^ J*. Of little ability or worth. 

FUTOKU-I 7 h 9 4 K#r &: (coll.) 'Unskilled ; 
not an adept in; not versed in. 

FUTOKUSHIN 7 h ^ SxV ^^(^ (coll.) Without 

consent ; not assenting ; not thoroughly un- 
derstanding. 
Syn. FUSHOCHI. 

FUTOKU-TAKUMA8HIKI,-KU 7h^^^^^^ ^. 

a^ Spirited ; mettlesome ; fiery (of a horse 

only) : nma Jii noru, to ride a spirited horse. 
FUTOMAE 7 h -r -^ u. The august pre.sence (of 

the Deity). 
fFuTOMANi 7 +* ~n. Divination by burning 

the scapula of a stag. 

FUTOMOMO 7 ). ^ qe ^ JJ n. The thigh. 
FUTOMONO 7 h ^ ) jsiify n. Coarse goods, 

especially cotton goods, or cotton clothes. 
FCTON 7 h ^ 1ft gf n. A mattress ; a quilted 

bed cover; a cushion: zabuton, a cushion for 

sitting on. 
fFuTo-NORiTO 7 1 ) 9 f n. A Shinto prayer ; 

(futo is honorific=augnst). 
FUTO-ORI 7 ^ * 9 & ^ n'. A thick kind of 

coarse silk goods. 
FUTORASE,-RU 7 h 7 ^ ** (caust. ot futoru) To 

fatten, enlarge ; uiukc big or coarse. 



FUT 



103 



FUY 



FUTORI.-RU 7 h ** g i.v. To become large, 
fat, fleshy : kono kodomo yoku futotta, this 
child has grown very large. 

Syu. KOERU. 

FDTOSA 7 MJ- ^. n. The largeness ; the size : 
wn dono kurai, what is the size? (in 
diameter). 

HIKI.-KD 7 V ^^ i.<[.futofhiri. 
tForoBHiBi.-BU 7 ] l"*- t.v. Used in poetry 
and Shinto prayers \ to make strong; to 
firmly erect: tniya-bathira futotMnwuuu t thou 
dwellest in a temple whose pillars are strongly 
built. 

TAMAGrsni 7 h ft v ? Is i.q. tamagushi. 
L-MA 1 7 ) -r n. A large and powerful 
JIA )" horse. 

7 7 adv. to; ni, positively ; 
entirely ; quite : to omoi kiru, to quite 

liss from one's thoughts. 
~ 7 7 1$ n. France: go, the French 
language : no gunkan, a French ship of war. 
7 7 $ ^ jifl. n - Common ; general ; 
universal : tftika na koto. 

7 y & 7 ? (coll.) No communication ; 
no intercourse ; no dealings : nncurrent. 

OrOZTRE GA NAI, TATORI GA NAI. 

r,6 7 7^7 ^^H'w* (coll.) Inconvenient; 
incommodious ; troublesome ; annoying ; im- 
r ; unbecoming. 

KATE NO WARUI, FUBENRI. 

KA 7 y jj j=. g The second day of the 
mouth ; two days : go gwatsu futguka, the 
second day of the fifth month ; fntxuka tateba 
xirrn, after two days I shall rest. 
KA-YOI 7 7 -ft 3 b n. The sickness 
resulting from intoxication : no knsuri, a 
medicine for . 

KI-AI 7 7 * J b T^Ptt-^* (coW.) No 
friendship ; no intercourse ; no intimacy ; 
tnnt or cool to each other : ni nntta, have 
:T all intimacy. 

i. NAKA OA WAIU I, UTOKD-SURU, 6OBN. 

FCTSURI.-AI 7 7 ; r b K9-T& (coll.) Not 
matching; disproportioned ; not balancing: 
di<~tchin ni tunriyane ini fntxnriai da, a big 
bell cannot balance a lantern ; no /<//, a 
badly matched man and wife. 

:. FUSO O. 

7 7 7 3 ^iJfl Not current, 
not in use, or generally received. 

ZTJKA 7 7 */ U ^ ^C Iiiiinoper; stupid; 
ailly ; ignorant ; clownish ; (said in self-depre- 

itihi. 

>* 7 7 T 4 ftlg. adj. (coll.) Scarce : ito 
wa kono iet*n futtfi dc gozarimcuu, silk is at 
present very ncnrce. 8yn. BOKUNAI. 

' * ^ Bft (traJtt'-rt^aru) *ru, to 
foam, effervesce, boil up : *an, an efferves- 

powder. 

FrrrTHcni 7777 adv. (coll.) The sound of 

ng snapping; entirely: to kirrru, to 

break with a snap; t omni-kiru, to dismiss 

nts. 

' * 7^ x mlj. Unlucky ; unfortunate. 
Byn. rcsniAWAUE, HAKUMEI. 



FD-TJN 7 V ^ ft'H (uki-gumo) n. A floating 

cloud. 
FCWA 7V 7^ fp (yawaragazu) On bad terms ; 

unfriendly ; disagreeing ; no concord : naJta ga 

to nnru. Syn. NAKA GA WARUI. 
FUWA-FUWA 7 !7 7 V adj. (coll.) In a light, airy, 

buoyant or fluttering manner ; spongy ; buoy- 
antly : kaini pa kaze ni to dfjarn, paper 
rises buoyantly in the air ; pan ga tofiikn- 
reta, the bread is spongy and light. 

FUWAKE 7 y jr $fa $> n. Dissection of a dend 
body; an autopsy: ?ro sum, to dissect a 
dead body. Syn. EAIBO. 

FUWARI 7 7 i; n . The boundary lines of a 
map. 

FUWARI-TO 7 7 9 > adj- (coll.) In a light and 
airy manner; buoyantly; spongy: tnndc 
kuru, to come buoyantly sailing (as a bird). 

FOWATSUKI,-KU 7 y 7 ^ i.v. ^coll.) To wave 
or flutter in the wind. 

fFoYA 7 -V n. A library ; i.q. furni-dono. 

FUYASIII,-SU 7-Y* J$L (caust. of fueru) To 
cause to increase; to augment; to add to : 1:yn- 
kin wo fmj shite yaru, to increase the AY 
gunzei wo fnyashitara yokard, it would be 
better to increase the army. Syn. MASIT. 

FOYE-FOKI 7 * 7 ^ n. A piper, flutist ; player 
on the flute. 

FUYO 7 3 J$ & (sazukeru) sum, to bestow, 
grant, give. 

FOYO 73 ^ ^ n. Out of humor ; moody ; 
gloomy : 710 fro. 

FOYO 7 3 $ 33. n. (hasu no liana) The 
lotus flower. 

FUYO 7 3 ^ JH (coll.) Not wanted ; not 
needed ; of no use ; useless : n<ir<i irtitnkimhi 
ni chddiii, if you don't want it give to me. 
Syn. IRANU, MUDA. 

FUYO-I 7 3 ^ 4 ^ ffl ^ (kokoro mochii:>i) 
(coll.) Improvident; neglect of preparation; 
unprepared. 

FUYOJIN 7 3 '> s? v See biiyfijin. 

FDYOJO 7-Y^i?^r^ ^;^li Careless of one's 
health ; injurious to health ; hurtful : i$ha no 

buzn no fnmimochi (prov.). 

FUYU 7 a ^- n. Winter : mono, winter 

clothes. 
FUYO 7 ^ 1} $* ^f ((omj) n. Competence; 

riches ; wealth. 
FOYUOARE 7 a. a \, n. Dried, withered, or that 

sheds its leaves in the winter : turn. 
FUYU-OOMORI 73.3**!) ^- $1 n. Kfptintho 

house by the cold; confined by tho winter; 

hibernation : kuma ga wru; n<i /. 

i 7 a. ^ n. A tree that sheds its leaves 

in \\ 

FCYUKITODOKI 7a.*|h** ^?f$ M 1 ') Not 

reftching to, or doing nil that is 

doing imperfectly, remissly, or not thoroughly; 

incomplete, insufficient, inadequate. 

Syn. FOTKMAWARI. 

IKKI.-KU 7 a. } 9 i.v. Winlry; having 

ftiyniii'-iif HKiirniiiixIiit't. it bus of lato grad- 
ually been getting liko winter. 



FUZ 



104 



GAG 



FUZAKE,-RU irflffl' 3(^|f& i.v. (coll.) To sport, 
romp, frolic, play ; to dally with : Jcodomo wa 
fuzakete aru, the children are frolicking. 

Syn. TAWAMURERU. 

FUZAKE.-RU 7 If ? ** ffi ^ i-v. To swell and 
soften, as rice when boiled : home gafuzaketa. 

FUZEI 7 -fc* >f M. fpf n - Manner ; appearance ; 
aspect ; such an one as ; such like : used also in 
speaking humbly of one's self, as : watakushi 
fnzei de wa o mi ashi ye saioatte mo bachi ga 
atarn, if such an one as I were even to sit 
at your feet I would be punished by heaven 
for it ; nan no mo nai, nothing very agree- 
able. 

Syn. ARISAMA, OMOMUKI, GOTOKU. 

FUZOKU 7 / ^ pft ^ Belonging to ; property of ; 
pertaining to ; part of : ie no mono, the 
things belonging to a house ; a fixture. 
Syn. TSUKU. 



FUZOKU 7 /^ fft^g n. (gram.) sum, attached 
to ; suffixed ; affixed. 

FUZOKU 7 y* ? pft^| n. Appurtenance; ap- 
pendage : sum, to belong to. 

FUZOKU 7 *f 9 Kl n - Customs; manners; 
usages. 

Syn. NARAWASHI, FtJOI. 

IFuzuE 7 '/Ji 5t $t n - A stick with a slit in 
the end for holding a paper, used in praying 
to heaven or in handing a paper to a superior. 

FUZUKI,-KU 7 :/ ^ t.v. To deceive, cheat, 
hoax, trick. 

Syn. DAMASU, SUKASU. 

fFuzuKU 7 9 n. A kind of sweet cake. 

fFuzuKUE 7 +J 9 *. n. A writing table or desk. 

f FUZUKUMI.-MU 7 '/ 9 j. i.v. To be angry. 

FUZUTOME 7 / h jt ^ %b (coll.) Neglect of 
duty ; indoleut : wo suru, to be indolent. 



G. 



GA if $ (nortmono) n. A carriage, or norimon 
(used now only in letters, without retaining 
the original meaning) : wo todomeru, to 
stop ; wo unagasu, to go ; wo mageru, to 
come ; (said only to persons of rank). 

GA, or CTACHO if *jg n. A tame goose. 

GA if (1) Sign of the genitive case, of : wata- 
knshi ga tame ni, for my sake ; kare ga yoro- 
kobi, his joy ; soregashi ga mono, my tiling. 

(2) As designating the subject of an in- 
transitive verb, having also an indefinite 
sense ; as : ame ga furii, it rains ; fune ga deta 
a ship has sailed ; to ga aita, the door is open 
sake ga agatta, the price of sake has risen 
hito ga nai, there is nobody ; anata no koto ga 
kuro ni natta, I was troubled about you ; wata- 
kushi tea sono koto ga anjiraremas, I am con- 
cerned about that. 

(3) As an adversative particle, =but : itte 
mo yoi ga ikanai ho ga yoroshii, you may go, 
but it would be better if you did not ; wata- 
kushi wa yuku ga nani ka go-yo wa nai ka, 
as I am going can't I do something for you ? 
hobo wo tazunemashita ga Gen-san wa imasen 
yo, I have inquired all about, but I can't 
find Mr. Gen; itsu ka Nihon go ga di'kiru 
yd ni nareba ii ga, I hope I shall be able 
to talk Japanese some day (but I am not 
sure). 

(4) Sometimes as designating the object of 
a transitive verb, same as wo : chi-chi ga no- 
mitai, I want to nurse (said by a child)- 
hanashi ga kikitai, I want to hear the story. 



GA if ^ An occasion when congratulations, 
or felicitations are sent ; a festival, holiday, 
fete : ga-snrn, to congratulate, felicitate ; nen- 
ga, new year's day ; shichi-ju no ga, entertain- 
ment made for a person who has attained his 
70th year; 0a no iwai, a fte made for one on 
reaching an advanced age. Syn. rwAi. 

GA if 3% (watdkushi) Self-will ; selfishness ; I; 
Ego, opp. of butsu, an external object : no 
tsuyoi hito, a selfish or obstinate man ; wo 
haru, to be self-willed ; wo oru, to break 
one's pride, obstinacy or selfishness ; butsu ga 
wo wasureru, to forget one's identity. 

GA if $ suru, to ride : kumo ni gasuru, to 
ride on a cloud; uma ni kuruma wo suru, 
to harness a horse to a wagon. Syn. NORU. 

GABA a ^ adv. Suddenly; quickly; hastily: 
to hane-okiru, to spring up suddenly: to 
mi wo okoshite. 

GACHI iff-$$ (from kachi, to prevail) An affix ; 
giving the word to which it is joined the pre- 
dominance or prevalence in quantity or influ- 
ence ; preponderance ; for the most part ; as : 
kome-gachi no meshi, a food made of rice and 
wheat, where the rice is in the largest quantity; 
ma-tsuchi-gachi, soil which is for the most 
part good ; huromi-gachi, for the most part 
black; taema-rjachi, at long intervals ; okottiri- 
gachi, given to idleness ; itsmoari-gachi, given 
to lying; kono tsuki wa ame-gachi da, this is 
a rainy month; uyamai-gachi ni ai nakere- 
ba oya ni shitaahimi nashi ; ai gachi ni uyamai 
nalcereba anadoru ni nitari. 



GAG 



105 



GAK 



GACHI iff- n. The boar fish, a species of 
equula. 

GACHI #? ft 3% n - Good taste; style; ele- 
gance ; delicate or graceful appearance ; artis- 
tic : kono horimono ni wa ga ant. 

GACHO iff^ ^ tj n. A tame goose. 

GAKXZURU if ^ v * A* ff i.v. To consent, 
assent ; to be willing : ya ina ya, are you 
willing or not ? 

GAGEN iff f $| ~^ (miyabi kotoba) Correct; 
genteel or clas-icnl language, or word. 

GAHYO -tf^tr $$ ? (yuki-daore) n. Persons 
dead from starvation. 

GAI if 4 v n. (med.) A cough ; disease of the 
throat. 

GAI y >f i.q. kai. Use; advantage; profit (used 
only in comp. words), as: yoshimi-gai ni, for 
friendship sake ; tanomi-gai ga nai, not to be 
depended on ; yuki-gai ga nai, no use in going. 

GA-I H j ^ ^ (waga kokoro) One's own way, 
own will ; own opinion ; selfish ends : wo 
'iii-mama ni nasu, obstinately to follow 
one's own opinion. 

GAI if j ^ n. Injury; hurt; evil; damage: 

turn, to injure, afflict; to kill, murder : 
t Jiarn, to behurtful ; injurious ; wonozoku, 
to abate an evil ; gai-shin ^ /c? murderous 
intentions. Syn. SOKONAU, KOROSU. 

>" if 4 ~? f See gicaibun. 
IGAIRUN if 4 -f ^ \fc >=zom-bun. To one's 

:TS content; as much as one pleases. 
GAIJIX ;fr 4 i? v gft H$ n. An army returning 

from war in triumph ; triumphant army. 
GAIKA # 4 U #1 fft n. A song of victory. 
GAIKB -g 4 ? * fc n. (med.) Bronchitis. 
GAIXOTSU if 4 u y $r f- n. The bones of 

dead persons ; skeleton. 

GAIUYAKU if J W 9 $fc 0fr (nramashi) adv. 
For the most part; in the main; mostly; 
rally (not minutely), 
i *M 1M BI tyfc (m'niroi) n. A fierce 

rv look ; glaring at. 

GAISHI f 4 is & j- n. An electric insulator. 
if 4 V $ $h ^ Impeachment, or accusa- 

jicial to the Emperor. 
V4W "^n. A cough. 

'4*1* l&fa (bikknri) adv. In a 
startled o. uner. 

GAIZEH if 4 Mv fa fa adv. Excited to re- 
sentment or indignation. 
GAJIN * i? v { A n. A handsome woman ; a 

female lover. 
GAKAI if * 4 ^ ft? n . Ruin. 

Syn. OCHIBUBK. 
GAKK a Y | & n. Precipice ; a steep place : 

michi, a road cat along a precipice ; kara 
ochiru, to fall from a precipice. 

Byn. zr.Trr.Ki. 

affix. \V: 

ho ye 

I cfillp.l at the. ctiHtom- 

nouiir ; while passing ; iki-gake ni, as 

1 went, or while going. 

(2) Quantity ; as, lammai-gahe, three times 
11 



as much (in sheets); three-fold; gwai koku 
no kami no atsnsa u-a nippon no kami no ni- 
mai- pake am, foreign paper is twice as thick 
as Japanese. 

Svil SHINA, TSU1DE-NI. 

GAKI -fr % ^ fa n. (netaru oni) A hungry 
spirit, or devil; the spirit of the dead punished 
with hunger in the Buddhist infernum ; gakidti, 
one of the eight divisions of the Buddhist 
hell. 

GAKKARI a 9 % y adv. (coll.) Tired ; fatigued; 
exhausted ; startled ; shocked : shite om, to 
be exhausted. 

GAKKI -jf 9 % |* H n. A musical instru- 
ment. 

GAKKO **^^^^^n. A school, academy. 

GAKKO-SO if 9 a T> y ^ $| V^ ^ n. (med.) 
Aphtha of the mouth. 

GAKKURI if 9 9 >; adv. (coll.) Suddenly sink- 
ing down or losing strength, like a person 
fainting : 070 wo shita, died suddenly. 
Syn. NIWAKA. 

GAKKWA # 9 9 y ^^ n - Subjects taught in 
a school ; the different branches of learning ; 
course of study ; curriculum. 

GAKU -jf ? ^ n. Tablets with painted figures 
or inscriptions on them, suspended in houses 
for ornament, or in temples as votive offer- 
ings ; a picture ; a door plate ; price ; charge : 

wo kakeru, to hang up a tablet; fci'n , 
price, charge ; tei , fixed price ; zei , tax- 
money. 

GAKU tf 9 * n. Learning; literature; science: 

ga aru, to be learned; sai, literary 
talent. 

GAKD if 9 ^ n. Music (especially of drum 
and fife) : wo shiraberu, to make music ; 
fjakuuin, a musician; saru-gaku, a musical 
exhibition or opera. 

GAKnuoKD if 9 # ^ *p J3 n. A poor scholar 
who, desiring to learn, becomes a servant to a 
learned man. 

GAKUDO -ft* ? if # ^ ^T A small temple in which 
votive offerings of pictures are hung ; a picture 
gallery. 

GAKDGEI if 9 ? 4 * ^ n. Arts and sciences. 

GAKI; HA jfff\1pfklL A school, sect or de- 
nomination in philosophy. 

GAKUHEN if 9 - y '3& >V n- The sepals of the 
calix of a flower. 

GAKUJUTSU # 9 s? OL 7 *$ f|f n. Science and 
arts. 

GAKUMON if9^^ ?p KH n - learning ; litora- 
turo ; science: M/n/, to study; to rea 
apply one's self to learning; jo, a nchuol- 
liouse; gn :o make progress in 

OAXURRI U 9 \* 4 *$& n. The age at \\li.i-li 

rliil.lren shmii . 1 attend school. 

GAKURKKI # 9 ^ t >$ ff n. School record, or 

GAKURTO -ft 9 \* t? *?: fa n. A literary institu* 

iry. 

GAKURYOKU if 9 9 9 9 4 ij n. Literary 
ability or attainments. 



GAK 



106 



GAO 



GAKUSHA if? Sx-V ^ 3$ n. A scholar, learned 
man. 

GAKDSHI y ? ^ ^ -jt n. A scholar; a pro- 
fessor; u learned iuan. 

GAKUSHIKI ^/^v'^ -^ |$j n. Learning. 

GAKUSHO **;? ^-Y# | n. A student, 

GAKUSEI # ^ -b >f j scholar. 
Syn. SHOSKI. 

GAKUSO # ^ y $2 Jofr n. A music-chamber, 
music-hall. 

GAKDTAI ** ? X 4 Ijfe F^ n. Band of music. 

GAKUTO if ? ft *y *g vjjj n . President of a 
college ; the head pupil of a school ; a tutor, 
or usher. 

GAKDZEN **^i/v \% #& adv. In an alarmed, 
startled manner ; shocked. 
Syn. BIKKURI. 

GAMA tfv jg <fcg n. A bull-frog. 

GAMA -tfv ffi n. The bullrush or cat's-tail : 

mushiro, a mat made of rushes. 

GAMAN if -<r v $, f$ n. (coll.) Fortitude; 
patience ; endurance ; self-denial : ur, to 
bear patiently, endure; shite i-nasare, be 
patient ; no tsuyoi hito, a person of great 
fortitude. 

Syn. KORAERTT, 8HIMBO 8URU. 

IGAMANOZO -jf -* ) tf t? n. A countenance like 
a driver-out of evil-spirits ; a hideous counte- 
nance ; i.q. cjonia-no-so. 

GAMASHII *' Vs^f ^ ?$ ffc An affix similar to 
?Yi./m like to, in the manner of : kuro-gama- 
sliiki, troublesome ; jddan-gamashiku, waggish, 
mischievous ; fitjin-gamashii, unkind. 
Syn. SO-NA, YO-NA. 

GAMBUTSU if ^ 7* y JJf $7 (nw mono) n. Coun- 
terfeit, or spurious articles : kore wa da, 
this is counterfeit. 

GARIHYO if v t ? "V # %f< ffi (me no yamai) n. 
Disease of the eye; ophthalmia. 

GAMI-OAMI if $ -ft $ adv. t'u, to scold, grum- 
ble, find fault in an angry manner. 

GAMMOKU H^%? Jjjjt Q (manako) n. The 
eye ; (met.) an important place or point : 
too tsiikeru, to aim at, fix the attention on; 

na tokoro, an important place ; kono ron no 
, the point of the argument. 

GAMPACHI #v/*f- n. A kind of fish of the 

Seriola genus. 
GAMPI if v h Jl & n - A kind of thin paper ; 

i.(j. iixnyo, 
GAN if ^ /Iff n. A wild goose. 

Syn. KARI. 
GAN ** v g|k (manafeo) n. The eye : nikn-gan, 

fleshly eye ; shin-gan, spiritual eye (Bud.). 

S}'!!. ME. 

GAN if ^ | n. A covering of wood, in which 
the coffins of persons of rank are placed to 
convey them to the grave. 

GAN a s/ 1^ (nise) Counterfeit ; spurious : 
pon, book ; kin, coin ; pitsu, 
writing ; butsu, thing. 

GANA tf-h (impure ka of doubt, and na of 
desire) exclam. of doubt and desire=a7vfoa ii: 
natii gana agetai, I wish I had something to 
give him ; a/to hito no ie ni koto gana, areka- 



s7i/, I wish some evil might befall his family ; 
tori-kaesu vwiw ni mo gana t/a, I would I 
could bring (him) back. 

GANARI,-RU if -h >i> i.v. (coll.) To cry out ; voci- 
ferate ; talk in a loud voice. Syn. DONARU. 

GANCHI #vf- f]^ n. (coll.) Blind of one eye. 

Syn. KATAME, MEKKACni. 

GANDO-CHOCHIN if s/ jt t; 7' *? *f- ?/ n. A dark- 
lantern. 

J-GANE if 3* A. euphonic pnrticlo affixed to proper 
names, as likado-gane ; kimi-gane; muko- 
gane. 

GANOASA ifi/if-ty" JP| -^ n. An eruption on 
the legs which, like the wild goose, appears in 
the fall and disappears in spring ; ecthyma (?). 

GANGI Tv*f JR " n. Zig-zag. 

GANGOZEI ify^f-tfj n. A spook, ghost, hob- 
goblin. 

fGANi if ri ) i.q. Jiodo ni, or y<~> ni, or ka mo *lii- 

GANE if 3* j ranai. To that degree or extent ; as 
if; so as ; like as : shimo ok inn gnni, to feel 
as if it would be frosty weather; koe no karn 
gnni, so as to become hoarse. 

GANJO if v & 3 # (coll. for genju) Strong ; firm; 
secure ; solid : na shiro, a strong fortress ; 
ni dekita, strongly made. 

GANKA if^ij Hf< "f (me no shita) Beneath or 
below the eye : ni hito wo mikudasu, to 
look down on, or despise others. 

GANKEX if ^ p * H?<^ (mabuta) n. Tho 
eyelids. 

GANKIN if ?/ % */ 7% fe (nise-gane) n. Coun- 
terfeit coin. 

GANKO ^*v 3 ^ flft^L n. The orbit or socket 
of the eye. 

GANKUBI H s/ ? \* ffi n. The bowl of a 
tobacco pipe from its resembling a goose's 
neck. 

GANKUTSU if^fy & 5(J (i wa ya) n. A cave 
in the rocks. 

GANRIKI if ^ 9 ^ Ifcjj Strength of eye ; 
sharpness of sight : no tsuyoi hito, a person 
of strong eyes. 

GANSAKU if vfl* 9 1% f guru, to counterfeit. 

GANSATSU if^-fy J% ^L n. Counterfeit bank- 
note. 

GANSHOKU if v 5^ 3 9 $$ & (kao no iro) n. The 
complexion, or color of the face ; the counte- 
nance: too kaete hara wo tatsu, changed 
color and became angry ; tea tsnkurau, to 
assume a pleasing expression of face. 
Syn. KESHIKI. 

GANSO-ZAI * v y ^ <p 4 & & ^.J n. (med.) A 
gargle, or medicinal wash for the mouth. 

GANZEKI a>-Ts ^ 7^ n. Kocks. 

GANZEN -^v-fe*v |f< fff (me no mae) Before the 
eyes ; now ; the present time : ni mieru. 

GANZO ifyfty f$ 3$r (nise-goshirae) suru, 
to counterfeit ; no satsu. 

GAORI.-RU if -fr ^ 3% ffi i.v. (coll.) To be con- 
vinced and acknowledge one's self in tho 
wrong ; to be forced to yield assent to argu- 
ment ; to be crestfallen, humbled : ri ni osarcte 
gaorete sJiimdii. 

Syu. KUJiKEUU, TOKUS11IN SUBU. 



GAP 



107 



GE 



GAPPEI ify^Zj ^ f)f n ' Union ; partnership ; 
company: sum, to unite ; to go into part- 
nership. 

GAPPEKI if y *< $ * * n. A near neighbour ; 
one separated only by a partition. 

GAPPI [ iiy b* n H (tsnlii hi) n. Month and 

GWAPPI J day ; date : ico fcaA-u, to write the 
date. 

GAPPOXGWATSHA if ytfyfyjlst & : ^ ifi 
n. Joint stock company. 

GARA if 7 #5 n. Kind; quantity; appearance; 

ire: hito-gara ga yoi, a person of good 

appearance; sJiimn gara ga icami, stripes 

of that kind are ugly ; ga yoi, of good 

quality. 

GAI-.A-OAKA if y if y adv. (coll.) The sound of 
rattling, like the falling of tiles, or of a wagon 
rattling over stones: knwara ga to ochim. 

GAKAKUTA if 7 9 ? ff| Q (zdflit) or d<lfjn, 
the various articles of household furniture, 
ken of those that are old and worn. 
N- if 7 ^ fl/P gf n. (Sans.) A Buddhist 
temple. 

HO ify^Tty n. The cormorant. 
a. u. 

GARAXDO if y ^ i* (coll.) Empty ; hollow : naJca 
ga da, it is hollow inside. 

GAKASU if 7 * 3& J$ (Eng.) n. Glass: A-/, 
glass-ware; ya, glass-maker, or seller of 
-V a re. 
if i; tt n - House ; residence. 

GARI,-RU if *> The terminal form of adjective 
bs, formed from ku, the last syllable of the 
adverbial form of an adjective, and the sub. 
verb an/, to be; as: samuku aru, contracted 
into tamugaru, to feel cold; i ta kn .aru, into 
itagaru, to feel pain ; hoshiku aru, into hoshi- 
gam, to be desirous of. Mitagaru is formed 
from 1 mi, to see, taku, adv. form of tai, wish- 
ing, and aru, to be, desirous of seeing ; so 
> kikitngaru, to be desirous of hearing, 
formed from kikitnku-nm. 

GAROX a A- p ^ 3g (Eng.) n. A gallon, Eng. 
2 *ho 5 go 1 *hku (2.51867 sho) ; U.S. 2 slio 9 
thakn (2.09886 */in). 

GARTO if >; t? ^ -^ft. Own peculiar style or 
manner ; xelf-tau^lit method or style : kenjutsu 
"i : ji n-n ni knku. 

GASA-OASA if -^ if ^r adv. Restless; giddy; 
careless ; Highly : to xhitf ynku. 

GASATSU UT"' (eoU.) Kough and coarse in 
mm less: na hito, a rough and 

careless p. 

8yn. BOMATHIT, AlU-ATUSnil, 80KOT8D. 

GASEI H* 4 j^Mf(coll.) With all one's might ; 
diligently : m ' hatnr-iLu, to 
labor dili^- 
Syn. HEN 

' > ft. fc (ue-jini) Starved lo death ; 
ntarv . 

'\ >V (watakuthi kokoro) Ego- 

;\ /> n. I'.i^- nacy; 

adli'Ting to OIHI'S opiuiuii : 
ttiiyoki iutu. Syn. OWANKO. 



GASSAI-BUKURO if y -9- 4 -/ ^ P n. (coll.) A 

traveling bag made of cloth. 
GASSUI, GASSDRU if y ^ A- -^- t.v. and i.v. To 

join together; to unite. Syn. AWASUUU. 
GASSHO if y i^-V ^ -* ^T (te ico awasern) Hands 

joined together, as in prayer : kami ui mukui 

(jtisxho sum. 
GASSHO-DACHI-NI if y l* W jf ? x. ^^'i I 

the manner of the t\vo hands placed together; 

said also of two things standing on end and 

leaning against each other at the, top. 
GASSHU if? s^i> ^ Jft United; confederated: 

koku, United States ; to, federal or re- 
publican party. 

GASSO ifyyt; ^]^l (coll.) Unshaven headed ; 
not having the hair cut : ano hito wa da. 

GASU if^ J^ $fr n. (Eug.) Gas: 
gasworks; gama, gas meter; 
gas company. 

GATA-GATA if jt if 2 adv. (coll.) The sound of 
rattling, slamming: toga snni, the door 
slams, or rattles in the wind ; fnru, to rattle. 

GATAPISHI if jt b" */ adv. (coll.) The sound of 
feet or wooden clogs ; a pattering, or rattling 
noise: to aruku. 

GATARI-TO if ft 9 > (coll.) Same as gata-gata. 

GATE iff (=kataku shite), used as art aflix) 
Hard; difficult: idetachi-gate ni ; kaeri-gatt. 

GATEN ifT^ ^S[i suru, to consent; to as- 
sent, allow ; to forgive ; to understand, perceive: 
gaten ga yukazu, cannot understand ; unintel- 
ligible; strange; suspicious; senai, cannot 
endure, or bear. 

Syn. RHOCHI, KIKI-WAKERU, YURUSU, NATTOKU. 

GATERA ifT 7 A suffix to verbs, same as nagarn, 
=while ; at the same time that ; by way of : 
hanami gatera, while looking at the flowers; 
yuki gatera, while going. 

SyU. KATA-OATA, NAOARA. 

GATSD-OATSU if y if y adv. (coll.) Hungry and 
voracious ; ravenous : ku, to eat ravenously ; 

sum. to be voracious. 

GATTAI if y H 4 ^ fa Like-minded ; agreeing 
together : sum. 

GATTEN if y f ^ Same as gaten. 

GAYA-OAYA-TO if-fif-V } adv. The noise and 
confusion of many men and horses preparing 
to leave a castle. 

GAZA MI if y 3 n. A kind of sea crab. 

GAZK if-tf n. The sea-urchin. 

GAZKN if H y ^ ^ adv. Suddenly. 
Syn. MWAKA-M. 

GA-ZOKU if'/? ff<J n. RefmM and vulgar; 
i and bad taste; elegant and homely. 
',' VI Impure /. . :ily as a suffix, 

having the uie.ming of, looks like, inannrr, 
a]>pe:irancc; as: t<;-. lu : is n<i kao, a joyful 
ruiiiiti'iianee ; *amn : if, looking as if cold, 
or a cold appearance; oshujt. mo nakn, not 
"r grudge. 

G Y \$) n. lluddhist versos: tc<i ?/<>. 

GK f (thimn. fliit.i : OOll l-rnratii; 

d.'.vn ; iiifcii-ir : aodet; t-> descninl : no 
thin*, an arti-lo of inferior quality; 110 
iiia/,-1, the lost volume. 



GEB 



108 



GEK 



GEBA y ,* -f J, (uma yori oriru) sum, to 

dismount from a horse. 
GEBI,-EU yi^' 1 " i-v. (coll.) To be low, vulgar, 

mean, base: gebita mono no iiyo da, be 

speaks like a low fellow. 

Syn. IYASHIKI. 

GEBIZO ytf1? n. (coll.) A glutton, gourmand. 
GEBU y 7* fif fl n. A class of officers whose 

duty it was to torture criminals in order to 

make them confess. 
GECHAKU yf"Y^ "F ^ (kudari tsuku. coll.) 

sum, to arrive at home from the capital. 
GEDAI y^M ^1 n - The name, or title on 

the outside of a book : lion no , the name 

of a book ; shibai no , the name of a play. 

Syn. HYODAI. 
GEDAN y^v F n - Lowest step, grade, or 

degree : ni kamaeru, to hold the sword in 

the lower guard. 
GEDATSU y jf y ffif fl n. (Bud.) Deliverance 

or freedom from evil ; salvation : wo eru. 

to obtain deliverance from evil ; sainan wo , 

to deliver from evil. 
GEDEN fr*/ ft $L n. The title given by the 

Buddhists to books of other sects, as the 

Chinese classics, or Brahminical works. 
GEDO J* # *? ft. Jjf (hoka no michi : Bud.) 

False doctrine; contrary to the true way; 

heretical ; heterodox ; all doctrines that are 

not Bud.; also a heretic. 
GEDOKU y 9 $f ^ n - An antidote to poison : 

za, id. Syn. DOKU-KESHI. 

fGEGE yy n. A sandal or slipper worn in 

the house. 
GEGEN ffy "F n. The last quarter of the 

moon. 
GEGYO y^3 'f $)> sum, to descend from 

the chariot (only of the Emperor). 
GEHAI y.\>f "F $ (shimo no tomogara) n. 

The lower classes of people ; also persons of 

lower rank than one's self ; inferiors. 
GEHIN y b ^ 'F PP n. Inferior quality or 

grade. 
IGEHO y^7 Uv n. Witchcraft; sorcery: 

gashira, flat-headed. 

GEI ffJ( | n. Polite accomplishments; the 
arts : riku-gci, the six accomplishments, viz., 
etiquette, music, horsemanship, archery, 
writing and arithmetic : wa mi wo tasuknru 
(prov.). 

J-GE-I y# ^J (notonioru) n. Outside of 
the house ; out of doors. 

GEIGEI y 4 y 4 adv. (coll.) The sound of 
belching : amari taberu to ga deru. 
Syn. OKUBI, OEPPU. 

GEIJUTSU y >f a. y |g ffr n. The arts ; fine 
arts. 

GEIKO y 4 3 ^ ^- n. A dancing girl. 

GEINO y>f >; ^ ^^ n. Polite accomplish- 
ment. 

GEISHA 4* >f ^ ? jg 5ff A dancing or singing 
girl. 

GEJI ff "$*& n. Command; order: wo 
suru, to give orders ; wo ukeru, to receive a 
command. Syn. MEIBEI, OSB. 



GEJI-GEJI ->*s?-J*s? ^$ fyfa n. A kind of insect 

of the family of Miriapoda. 
GEJIKI f'f*r 'F $L n - (coll.) Low in price; 

cheap: ito ga gejiki ni nntta, silk has become 

low in price ; na mono, a low priced 

article. 

Syn. YASTJNE. 
GEJO Jf ? 3 -f -fr n. A servant girl. 

Syn. SHIMOME. 
GEJO 'f y 3 ^ -f Kf To alight from a norimon : 

bashi, the place where visitors to the palace 
leave the norimon. 

GEJUN # $ =L ^ -f -gj n. The last decade of 

the month. 
GEKAI f jj 4 -f Jfc n. The lower world ; this 

world (Bud.). 
GEKAN -/^v -f^fn. Disease of the genital 

organ. 
GEKETSU f jr 7 'F ifa. (cW-fcttdarf) n. A 

bloody flux : suru, to pass blood from the 

bowels. 
GEKI Y * ^ |& n- The secretary of the Dajo- 

kwait. 
GEKI / ^ ^ suru, to be roused, excited : 

hidokn shita, was greatly excited; saseru, 

to excite, rouse (the feelings). 
GEKIBUN Jf+-f*> $k~%. n. A manifesto. 
GEKIJO y^^^V^^l^n. A theatre. 

Syn. SHIBAI. 
GEKIMU y ^ A jfij ^ n. Troublesome or 

annoying business. 
GEKIRAN y ^ 7 v :$ Sfet n. Revolt ; rebellion , 

insurrection :- wo okosu, to excite revolt. 

Syn. MUHON. 
GEKIRIN 4* 9 s^ $ $1 n. Imperial anger 

ni fiircru, to incur . 

GEKIRO y % 7 f 3fe vft n - Rowing or surging 

waves. 
GEKIRON y ^ p v ^ J^ n. An angry dispute 

or discussion ; altercation ; wrangle. 
GEKIRYO y ^ 9 3 $ ^ n An inn ; 

hotel. 

Syn. HATAOOTA. 
GEKIYAKU y^-v^ 1 #181 ( med -) Powerful or 

dangerous medicines : shiruto ni wo urube- 

karazu. 

GEKKEI y y fr 4 H $8. n- The menses. 
GEKKEI-UNKAKU y^^^f^v*^ ^^^^n. 

A name given to the Kuge, or nobles of the 

Mikado's court : (the Mikado being likened to 

the sun, or a dragon, the moon and clouds 

being their attendants). 
GEKKO y y 9 V V R ft. (t*nki no hikari) 

Light of the moon ; moonlight. 
GEKKYO y y * 7 fl $ n. Monthly wages ; 

salary per month. 
GEKO yu "F ^ n - A. temperate person; one 

who does not drink ardent spirits; no 

tatetaru kiira wa nai (prov.). 
GEKO y 3 -ty 'F IP! (shita ni mnko) To go 

down ; coming down from the Capital, or from 

a temple. 
GEKU y 9 -ty jr[ f % n. The outer or front temple 

(Shinto : only used of Isc) ; the inner is called 

Kaiku. 



GEK 



109 



GEN 



GEKWA ? 9 y t^ffi n. Surgery; external 
treatment of disease; ishu, a surgeon; 
dog u, surgical instruments. 

GEMBCKU fs/T'9 TC ? Tlie ceremony of 
shaving off the forelock, and changing the 
name of a young man on arriving at the 
age of 15, who then becomes a man ; also 
of shaving the eye-brows and blacking the 
teeth when a woman marries ; or, unmarried, 
arrives at the age of 20 : suru, to perform 
the above ceremony. 

GEMBON yvyv $? & n. Original text. 

GEM-BUTSU y ^ 7* y J& $? n. Anything visible, 
or manifest to the eyes ; things that are seen ; 
the very thing ; thing itself. 

GEM-MAI y > -r 4 3f 2jt n. Uncleaned rice; 
rice not yet pounded in the mortar and 
whitened. 

Syn. KUROOOME. 

GEMMEI y**J ffift (kibishii ose) Strict or 
severe orders. 

GEMPO yvX7 ;$ <i Rules of subtraction. 

GEMPON yvjtfv JfJ /. n. The original book, 
or copy. 

GEN y > J& (iron) Now ; at present ; the visi- 
ble world : to, present and future (Bud.) ; 
tr> ni tei, the two worlds, present and future. 

GEN >f *> ;$ n. (met.) Subtraction. 

Syn. HIKIZAN, GEMPO. 

f ^ IB (coll.) Beneficial result, or effect ; 
virtue: ryoji wo tsukusu to iedomo sono gen 
tttra ni naku. 

Syn. 8HIRU8HI. 

GENA y * I hear that ; it is so that : so da 
gena, I hear it is so ; ano hito wa Tokyo kara 
mshita (jt'na, I hear that he has re- 
turned from Tokyo. 
GENAN y-hv *f jg n. A man-servant 

SHIMOBE. 
GENGE y^jr n Clover ; trefoil. 

Syn. HOTOKE-NO-ZA. 
GBKOOOAKD y ^ s* H 9 !& t * n. The science 

of the origin of words ; philology. 
GBX-OYO, or GENOO yv3? 3 ~ | n. Same 

as gongo. 

GX-NI, or GEXIMO y^s, ^ adv. Manifestly; 
plainly ; indeed ; truly. 

Syn. JITSD NI. 
GEN IN f ^ 4 zs fa gj n. Cause ; reason ; 

in. 
GEXIN y^v *f A (thimobc) n. A person of 

low caste ; a servant of a noble. 
GCNJA y > J -Y n. i.q. ghuyfnja. 

KNZDRD yv**' % i.v. To be 
seen; to appear; to be visible; manif< 
ki~"l innro-moro no ziii-<~ fj/i ()cnjita, 

when he was preaching, many strange signs 

ARAWARERU, MIERU. 

GF.XJI.-BU, or GKNZURH y v^iu $% t.v. and i.v. 
-nen, diminish, reti. >il, al)- 

iate ; to wane, subside : Injiikiii wo , to 
the wages. 

HKRABU, HAIIUEU, UERO. 

GKXJI MAHE y > i? v > n. Sugared beans. 



GENJO y is 3? a f * $ Strict ; severe ; 
rigorous ; secure ; strong ; well-fortified : ni 
suru, to make strong and secure; to enforce; 

ni mamoru, to guard strictly; ni 
nani. 

Syn. KIBISHII, KENOO, JOBU. 
GENJUTSD yvsJ^.? 4q tfj n. Secret arts; 

magic arts; supernatural powers; (of becoming 

invisible, etc.). 

Syn. YOJDTSU. 
GENKA yv* ^jg (moto-ne) n. The prime 

or original cost. 
GENKA y ^ 9 y ffl n. The porch at the 

entrance of a house. 
GENKAN y v ^ v ;gc ^ (kibishiki samiisa) 

Severe cold. 
GENKI y z/ % 7C, ^ n. Natural vigor or 

strength ; energy ; stamina : nan* hito, a 

person of vigorous constitution, or of high 

spirits : no nai hito ; ga warui. 

Syn. SEI, IKIOI. 
GENKIN y > ^ v ^ ^ n. Ready money ; 

money paid down on delivery of goods : gen- 

kin kakene nashi, ready money and but one 

price: de kau, to pay for goods when 

bought. 
GENKIN yv%v ffi * (kibishiku todomeru) 

n. Strictly forbidden. 
GENKO y v x i? & ffi Original copy, or manu- 

script. 
GENKOHAN y v U t? ^ */ ^ ff J n. The actual 

commission of a crime : nite toraerarn, to 

be arrested in the very act. 
GENKOKU-NIN y v a ^ ^ J? x ^ A (itttaeru 

In to: leg.) The plaintiff ; accuser; prosecutor; 

complainant. 
GENKON y^-=t^ ^ ^ (ima) adv. At present ; 

present time ; now. 
GENKOTSU y ^ ri y n. (coll.) The knuckles, 

fist : wo yarn, to give a blow with the fist ; 

wo utsii, to box. 

GENKUN yv^^ -fr J$ n. Highest merit; 

most meritorious. 

GENKWA y v 9 V Hi f} \ (omoki toga) Severe 
GENKEI y v >r 4 ^ ff'J J punishment : ni 



GENKWAN yv^7v ^LRfl n. (same as gtnlm) 
The porch at the front entrance of a house. 

GEN-NI yvri^adv. Evidently; manifestly; 
obviously ; visibly; before one's eyes : urn. 
yv^# ^ jg n. A large hanuiK r. 

GENRI y v ; jjg }$ (kotowari) n. l'rinci|.l' ; 
a fundHiin-ntal truth or tonot : kfizai no , 
the principles of political economy. 

GENROIN yv?i>>fV7Cj|9fcn. The Senate 
house : gi-kwan, a senator. 

GENRON y v o v "" |j| (kotoba no agetturai) n. 
Speech ; uttering one's sentiments ; expression 
of opinion : jiyu, freedom of speech. 

GENSHI y v is fffr % n. An atom ; an ultimate 
particle of mat 

y v fc- #Ht6 The beginning, origin. 
Syn. HAJIMB. 

GBNSHITHU y ^ i, y Jf s |f 11. Elementary sub- 
stance or material ; element. 



GEN 



110 



GEY 



GEXSIIO yv-te# $ i}? To lessen, diminish: 

sum. 

Syn. HABUKU, HERASU. 

GENSHO y v >> -Y $ ^.^.n- Phenomena ; visi- 
ble changes. 
GENSHO 4* v >/ 3 ^ ^ n. Original book or 

manuscript. 
GENSHO y v l/ 3 ;|| ^- (Itibishiki atsusa) Severe 

heat. 
GENSO yvy ^ 7^ n. The essence, element, 

active principle, extract (of medicine) ; an 

atom ; ultimate particle. 
GENSON y v y v ^ ^ n- Great-great-grand 

child. Syn. HIIMAGO. 
GENSUI yv*# TC # n. A general. 
GENTO y v h # j$ ^- n. The coldest season of 

winter ; extreme cold. 
GEN-UN y v $ v fl H n. Dizziness ; vertigo : 

sum, to be dizzy. 

Syn. KURUMEKI, MEMAI. 

GEN-YU y */ =*. ffi ^jj n. The cause, originr : 

wo tazuneru. 

Syn. GENIN, MOTO. 
GENZAI yvif>f Q fe n The present time; 

the present tense : no haha. the mother 

one now has. 
GENZAN yvif v JL ^ *uru, to meet, see, 

present one's self to a superior . ni int. 
GENZE y v # 10 $ n. The present world ; the 

present life (Budd.). 

Syn. IMA NO YO. 
GENZEN y v ^ v ^ #& adv Manifest , visible ; 

plainly. 
GENZOKU y v y* ^ ig ft To return to the world ; 

to abandon the priesthood : sum. 
GSNZU y ^ */ ^ @3 n The original picture, 

drawing, map or chart. 
GEPPAKU #-9*^9 ^ a& n. (coll.) The last 

part of the 12th month (o.c.) 
GKPPO y y 4? # ^ j$. n The monthly wages 

or pay 
GEPPU y y ? J\ ffi n Monthly payment, or 

instalment. 
GEPPU y 9 7 g ^ n. (coll.) Belching : 

sum, to belch , ga deru. 

Syn. OKUBI. 
GEPPYO yytf-Y^ fl ^n A monthly tabular 

report. 
GERAKU y 7 ^ T $ (coll.) *uru, to fall in 

price. 
GERI y 9 -f^Tj n. Diarrhoea. 

Syn. HARAKUDARI. 

GERO Y 7 T> T R n. A low, vulgar fellow , 
formerly a servant in a noble family. 

GERO yp# -\' 3^. n. A dungeon, jail. 

GE-RYAKU -^Jg. n. Omitting the last part of a 
writing , contracting the end of a word ; 
apocope. 

GESAN y $ v -f ^ (i/ama IPO 7;udfirn) To 
descend a hill : suru. 

GESE.-RU y-b^ gf t.v. To understand, com- 
prehend, know. 
Syn. WAKARU. 

GESEN y ^ v -f ^ Vulgar ; low ; mean ; base : 
tta mowo. Syn. IYASHII. 



GESETSU y -b ^ 'f ^ P er - pron. I; me 
(humble). 

GESHAKU-BARA -/^-V^/^7 "fj*B5 n - The 
elder son of a concubine, who cannot inherit 
the estate if there is a son born of the true wife. 

GESHI >fis n. (coll.) Going to bed ; retiring to 
rest : danna mo ni narirnashita, the 
master has gone to bed. 

GESHI ) y *. >v fif (toku, hodokem) t.v. To 

GESSURU j unloose ; to dissipate, disperse, dis- 
pel ; to stop ; to explain ; to comment on ; to 
understand : kono uta no kokoro wo gesii- 
bekarazu, it is impossible to understand the 
meaning of this song. 

GESHI y i, fj g? n. The summer solstice. 

GESHIKU Jfis=i9 "fij^ n. Lodging; boarding : 

sum, to lodge, board ; ya, a boarding 
house. 

GESHINARI.-RU y I" * A- i.v. (coll.) To go to 

bed ; to lie down ; to sleep : tt e iru, he is 

asleep. 
GESHININ y^^v 8?3&A n. One who is 

arrested, or who appears in the place of the 

real murderer: ni torarem; ni deru; 

wo daxu. 
GERHISEN yj' J bi'fj3?$& n - Tropic of 

Capricorn. 
IGESHo y-bi> adj Manifest; plain. 

Syn. ARAWA. 
GESHO y-fe^ -f & n. Wetting the bed : wo 

naosu, to cure one of . 
GESHOKU y ^ 3 9 Tla* n - Low, mean, or 

ignoble employment. 
I-GESHUNIN y^a.^ii^'f^./^n. A murderer, 

or one who is the principal in a murder. 
GESOKU y V ^ T J5. " Taking off wooden clogs 

and leaving them at the doors of theaters, < tc.: 

6an, the person who takes care of the clogs ; 

dai, the price paid for keeping the clogs. 
GESSAKU y y ^ 9 ft $ n. First day of the 

month. 

Syn. TSUITACHI. 
GESSHA y y ^ -y H Hi n - Monthly pay to a 

teacher: mu , not paying a teacher ; gratu- 
itous instruction. 
GESSHOKU y y \,j 9 Jlffcri. Eclipse of the 

moon ; i.q. gwasshoku. 

GESU y^ -p '^] n. (coll.) Low fellow ; vulgar. 
GESUBARI,-RU y^/*^ i.v. (coll.) To be low; 

vulgar ; mean ; vile ; base. 
GESUI y^ & 'F;K n. The menses. 
GESUI y>^# 'f 7K n - A. drain, ditch; dirty 

water ; the water of a drain or spittoon. 
GETA y ft "f n. Wooden clogs : no ha, 

the two pieces of wood under the sole. 
GETO y b # "f^ Lower cliss; inferior kind. 
GETRU y *v ft (t. */,-/) n. The moon, month. 

This word is ouly used for reckoning time by 

months ; as, icJii getsn, one month ; ni ka 

(jetnu. two months. 
GETSU-YA y y -Y ^ -f^ n. A moonlight night. 

Syn. TSUKI-YO. 

GETSUYOBI yr/a^tT ^?^tj n. Monday. 
GEYA y-Y "f ^ n. A house or apartments 

built to connect with the main building. 



GEZ 



111 



GIB 



GEZA Jftf -f JH? n. A lower seat : nt tsnku, 
to take the lowest seat. 

GEZAI y^M *f ^] (kudiishi-gusuri) n. Purga- 
tive medicine. 

GEZAX y-tfv J2. * i-q. gei-zan. 

Gi ^ A masc. suffix to proper names, as 
IztitKic/i, Kamirogi ; the fein. is mi. 

Gi ^ j n. A prostitute; a singing girl. 

Gi if | (tadaxhi ki) Eight; just; proper ; faith- 
ful ; patriotic; meaning ; signification ; affair; 
business, = koto : icln gi ni mo oyobazti, did 
not make the least objection ; gi ni smjireba 
katakuna ni nan*, by being over much right- 
eous we become bigoted ; wo hntiti mono rca, 
a faithful person ; konoji no gi wa ikaya, what is 
the meaning of this word? tco haru, to rouse 
up patriotic feelings ; kono gi, this business, 
or affair; migi no gi, the above matter; sayo 
no yi df wa nai, it is nothing of the kind. 

GIAN ScTz/ |& ^ n. A motion or resolution 
proposed to a public assembly. 
Syn. DOOI. 

GIBOSHI jrtfl" j^$;n. The ornamental 
tops on the railing on Bud. temples. 

GIBDN *?-?f g| 5t n. The form or letter, as 
opposed to the spirit. 

GI-BUTSU ify'y j$ tyl} (itsnwari mono) n. 
A counterfeit or spurious article; false. 

Syn GAMBUTBU, XISEMOXO. 

GICHI-OICHI, ^f-^f-adv. (coll.) The sound of 

creaking or grating : to ga to narn. 
GICHO d^f-Y^r Ul -fa n. The president or 

chairman of an assembly. 
fGicno 3r*7--Yi> i.q. gitcho. 
GIDAYO ifjf=Lfr H;k.^. n ' A musical drama, 
or opera. 

HI *f &-$*'>' ^ 15] ^ P] n A 
title in ancient times=rZ>ai/t;t. 
Giro ^ 7 & $& n. A harlot. Syn. JORO. 
N *? if * $ ffi n. An artificial eye. 
1 * f 4 ^ fe n- The arts. 

D. (itsnicdri kntoba) n. A 
lie : untruth, falsehood ; fiction ; deception. 
\- if n. A kind of catfish. 
: ^-x>f $j & n. A faithful or loyal 
oldier ; patriotic soldiers, i.e. volunteers, 
militiu. 

' b -9 $, # (nite-fude) n. A forged 
writing ; forgery. 

Gi is *t 4 * f& \\ n. A member of an as- 
sembly ; a i< |>i> 
Guo ^f-*a & -fr n. A singing girl. 

V * 05 i>. A ruli'. law, statute, 
nance : tro tateru, U> enact a law. 
Syn. NOIU, OKITB. 

^.y $^4 fafc& n. A military 

e<: id. 

GIXAI ^ )j 4 frty n. Meaning ; definition. 

Garrac aft t (^ ft n. An act or enac: 
bj & legislative bod. > , act of 

Omum-TO if 9 9 9 V adv. Startled; alarmed 

abruptly: huthiriyoru ; 



Tlie same as 



GIKWAX ^^V^^'g'n. A member of the 

Senate, also of the .S'anji-tn. 
GIKYOIUI if $ -V $ j JfcJL 

brothers. 
GZMMI ^ v^ ^^ n. Examination; trial ; in- 

spect ion ; judging; inquiry ; choosing : tstimi 

bito wo gimmi sum, to examine a criminal ; 

wo nkeru, to be judged. 

Syn. SHIRABE, TADASHI. 
GIMON ^^v jfe ^ (utagatte tu) n. A ques- 

tion, interrogation. 

GIM-PAKU ^vX? f ft vS n - Silver leaf. 
GIMO =^ A |^ $5- n. Duty ; obligation : subeki 

tea nai, under no obligation to do so ; sayo 

na wa nai, no such duty. 
Gix ^ v fft ( shiroknne ) n. Silver ; de ko- 

shiruete, made of silver. 

GIN-DEI *? */ 7 4 $$.$*<. u. A kind of silver paint. 
GINRN^-^-V |;^^; (ntagau omoi) u. Doubt; 

suspicion : wo sliuznrn, to beget doubts. 
GIXOA ^ v a |ft Jv] n. The milky-way 

Syn. AMA NO OAWA. 
GIN-KO *?z/^tr fft ff . A bank. sldhei. 

b;ink note. 

GINKWA =^ v ^ !7 fli ^ u. Silver coin. 
GINNAX ^ v -h v n. A small white nut, the 

fruit of the icho tree (Gingo biloba), poisonous 

when eaten raw. 

GINNIKU tfz>^? ^^ n. The gums. 
GIX-SEKAI ^ v-fe u 4 fjjfc ^ ^ Ground covered 

with snow. 
GIXSHU ^ v s^a. ^ft i n. A capitalist, or one 

who advances the money. 
GINSU ^v* $ft ^J- n. Silver money. 
GINZA ^v-9* f ft ^ n The mint where silvei 

money is coined. 

GIN-ZAIKU ^v-tfM^ fU^ffl^n Silver ware 
GINZURIJ *f ^ - H' H> To sing. 

Svn. UTAU. 
GIRI V>; 4| Jf n. Eight, just, that which 

is proper, just or reasonable ; meaning ; signiti 

cation: aru hnha, step-mother; foster 

mother; wo shirann Into da; ni knn<iu ; 

konoji no wu nani ka, what is the meaning 

of this word ? 
Syn. DOHI. 
GIRI-DATE if 9 if f |$ IS i (coH-) Doing 

justly, 01 acting kindly to others: wo mm. 
GIRIOIRI tf 9 ^ 9 $i ^ n. and adv. (coll.) The 

crown of the head; the very lowest pi 

atama no knra tt*]ti no tsiiinmniki >n<ni<', 

from the crown of the lu-.-id to the cn.l of tho 

toe nails; ikura mmle tnnkf. nasaru, what 

lowest you will take? 
Syn. THOMUJI. 

'> ^ "V tf; BSl n - Greeco. 
->& ft n. A prostitute house 

S.vn. 901 

\^w^o adv. (coll.) Bright, 
ing; glittering: hi 
GIRON =^nv ii ^ . Debate; 
reasoning; arnunu nt. 

Syn. BKNRON. 

GrROT8UKi,-KD *( ^ 9 i.v. (coll.) To b 
bright shining, glittering. 



GIS 



112 



GOB 



fi $ (ikenie) n. A sacrifice : 
jcyd sum, to offer one's self as a 

- n. A faithful or patriotic 



GISEI 
Wl / wo n i 

sacrifice. 

GISHI =\i* ix | 
soldier. 

GISHIKI tf */ %. fl| -^ n. Eite ; etiquette ; forms 
of ceremony ; celebration : wo mamoru. 
Syn. HOSHIKI, SAHO. 

GISHIN ^ is?/ $.1*? (utagau kokoro) n. Doubt ; 
suspicion : ga harenu anki wo shdzu (prov). 
Syn. GINEN. 

GISSHIRI $ y Sx 9 adv. Tightly ; closely ; snugly. 

Giso if y Eg n. A councillor of state 
(tangi). 

GISU-GISU if^tfx. adv. (coll.) In a haughty, 
proud, uncourteous manner: aruku, to 
walk haughtily ; suru, to act proudly. 

GITCHO ^ y f- -v # n. A left-handed person. 

fGiicHo *f y ? ^ $ g#: n. A toy shaped like 
a wooden mallet ; a game of ball. 
Syn. DAKYC. 

GIWAKU *f y ^ $$ % (utagai) n. Doubt ; BUS- 
picion ; unbelief: shinchu ni wo stwzuru, 
to beget suspicion. 

GIZA-GIZA jfiftftf \\i\g.coll.iorkida-kida: 
ni kiru, to cut into pieces. 

GIZENSHA *? # $> Ss "V j | % n. A hypocrite. 

GIZETSU #&? l^-fg n. Breaking off friendly 
relations or intimacy. 
Syn. ZEKKO. 

Go rf | (kotoba) n. Word, language, speech ; 
saying, sentence, adage ; 

Go n* $ (nochi) After in time; behind: sono 
go wa otozure ga nai, after that there 
were no tidings ; san nen go, after three years ; 
zen go, before and behind ; sono go wa ikaga 
desu, (used as a salutation), =how have you 
been since we last met ? 

Go =f $p A term of respect or politeness used 
in addressing a superior, prefixed to Chinese 
words, =:honorable, excellent ; but frequently 
only equivalent in English to, you, your: go- 
yd $p )fj , government service ; go-hatto, govern- 
ment prohibition ; go kanai, your (honor's) 
wife ; go shisoku, your son ; go chisd, your 
entertainment ; go kigen yorosJiu gozariinasu 
Ita, are you in good health? go-men nasare, I 
beg your pardon ; okini go kurd, I am much 
obliged to you for your trouble ; arigato gozai- 
masu, I thank you ; go shinsetsu, your kind- 
ness; go-snnka de gozariinasu ka, are you 
at leisure? go setsu wa go mottomo de go- 
zarimasu, what you say, sir, is quite true. 
Syn. GYO, ON, o, MI. 

Go a* *f- n Noon : go, afternoon ; ten, 
forenoon. 

Go =f n. Beans mashed into paste for making 
tdfn ; also used by dyers to limit colours : mame 
no , bean paste. 

Go d* .2. Five : jugo, fifteen ; goju, fifty ; go bu, 
five parts ; half an inch ; gobu-ichi, one-fifth ; 
go nin, five persons ; go tabi, five times ; go 
gwatsu, the fifth month; go Jca getsu, five 
months. 
Syn. ITSUTSU. 



Go 3* ^ n. The game of checkers : goishi, 
the round pieces used in playing ; (white are 
called shiro-ishi, black kuro-ishi) ; go wo utxu, 
to play checkers. 

Go df 3W u - Tue 8efc time; appointed time; 
fixed time : wo osu, to put in mind; sono go 
ni itatte yakujo wo somuita, when the time 
came he broke his promise ; rinju no go ni 
nozomu, to be near the time of death ; hi wo 

suru , to set a day ; toki wo suru, to 
appoint an hour or fix a time, 

Syn. TOKI, NICHIGEN, KI. 

Go #$ ffc (yobu) A number : ichi , number 
one ; suru, to call, name, designate ; na wo 
Sadajird to su, calls his name Sadajiro. 

Syn. NAZDKERD, TONOIIU. 

Go 3*^5^ (tsuyoi) Strong ; powerful ; stout ; 
brave; intrepid: teki, a powerful enemy; 

shu, a brave general ; gd-hei, a brave soldier. 
Go dfy $fo n. A measure of time of long 

duration used by the Buddhists ; a kalpa. 

Go if t? $p (sato) n. A county or subdivision 
of a province : m irite wa ni shitagae 
(prov.), when you go to a place obey its 
customs. 

Go if # n. Anger ; resentment ; wrath : ga 
niirn, or, ga wakn, to boil with anger. 

Go 3*7 ^ n. Business; employment, the 
deeds, actions, or conduct of man in this 
life or in a previous state ; aku ^ t8i 
evil deeds ; zen =. $, good deeds ; shiku 
fij ^ deeds done In a previous state of ex- 
istence ; hi-go $ ^, guiltless ; having done 
neither good or evil ; byd ^^, sickness; 
supposed to be a punishment of deeds done in 
a previous state ; ji-go ji-toku (mizukara no 
go nite mizukara kica wo uru), each one is 
rewarded according to his own doings ; no 
hakari *j ff, a pair of scales in Hades in 
which the deeds of men are weighed ; 
tsukubari, old and avaricious person (in 
reviling). 
Syn. OKONAI. 

Go if 7 -* n. A measure, for measuring grain 
or liquids=^j of a slid, or 10.937 cub. inches, 
or 5 ^ ounces, Imperial measure. 

Go a* # n. The albuminous part of beans : kono 
mame tea ga siikunai. 

GOBAISHI d*^>f *> JLf 3- (futhi) n. Gall- 
nuts. 

GOBAN ^^^ ^5^ A checker- board : no 
ma, the squares on a checker-board. 

GOBATSU a^^y *g | A hair's breadth : 
mo chigai ga nai, not the difference of a hair's 
breadth. 

GOBI =f tf *$ ^, (kotoba no shiri) n. The 
termination or end of a word : no henkwa, 
inflection of . 

GOBO :f,* q-j% n. The burdock, Lappa 
major. 

GOBUKU 3*^7*^ F$i^ suru, to bring into 
subjection ; to make submit ; akuma wo , to 
exorcise evil spirits. 

GOBYO 3* -^ IS ^ (ayamari) n. Mistake ; 
error : sono setsu ni Oshi. 



GOG 



113 



GOK 



GOCITISO 3*f--9-^ n. A feast ; entertainment ; 
anything done for the entertainment of guests. 
GOCHO =f"f-^!> t& -& n. (mil.) Corporal. 
GODAIUIKI 3* if 4 >; * n. A kind of boat. 
GODAN -3 # s/ $ f_ n. The last act iu a play ; 

the last course of a dinner ; dessert. 
GODATSU # > f y ffi 3$ (nbui torn) n. En- 
croachment; violent or unjust seizure of what 
belongs to another. 

GorC 3*7 # $ t-f n. A charm, or small piece 
of paper on which a sentence from the Bud- 
dhist sacred books is written by a priest ; it is 
sometimes rolled up, thrown into water and 
drunk, in order to cure disease. Syu. MAMOKI. 

:n 3*7 9 2. fl n. Dry-goods. 
GOFI-KI-YA 3*7 ^ -V ^- ?ft g. u - -^ dry- goods 

store ; a mercer. 

GOFUKC-ZASHI :/ 7 * ? * X- f ft J^. A 
isure of 2 feet long used by mercers; a 

-tick. 

GOFCN n* 7 v JL^ n. Half a mo/Jim*, 29.105 
Troy. 

H 3* 7v $JJ |,> n. Chalk. 
GOGAKU - tf ^ t * n. The science of 
language ; linguistics ; philology ; sha t a 
ttngaixt. 

GOOKN 3*/v n. (worn, coll.) A future meet- 
ing; meeting again: a.sj; no wo matsn, 
waiting to meet on the morrow; moji nite, 
when \ve meet again. See moji. 
GOOEN zfy:/ iffy ~tf n- (worn.) Your words: 

uo tunomninoji. 

Gooi if i> ^ adj. Used as a coll. superlative, 
applied to anything great or extraordinary; 
. much ; exceedingly : na hi to, a great 
man; ni kane wo vioketa, have made lots 
of money; ni ibaru, he is very insolent. 
Go oo zfj *f { n. Afternoon: tan ji, 
three o'clock in the afternoon. 

nincsu(ii. 

G0k;o a 7 n* <$* %j{ n. Meeting : guru, to 
in time; be convenient; to suit; 
to be sufficient; to understand ; accustomed 
or used t<>. 

d* > a* adv. The sound of snoring, or 
roaring ; noisy ; to naru ; mni ga tu naru, 
sea roars. 

^THI: -J f V ? . ft n. The fifth 
month. May. 

' -f \- -V >> j5L ^f n- The five elements, 

(i, nictiil and water. 
'*/7 -^ ^ (shigntn wo awateru) 

' labor ; association, 
^v ^Jp^ (o-w//i) n. Boiled rice; 
a meal; food : ani-r)o]t<in t breakfast; him- 
gohan, (linncr; yn fjolian, sui'i 

KH. 

; incense^; cn- 
I inn 

iin-l will have my iv. 
f'*y}- P? ',&& Au imperial 
Imw or pri)liiln: 

GOHKI .{^j ^;p.v;f . Tb- mt paper hung 
uyai ty itiuutcnt the kitmi : u'u ka- 
Uugu. 



Supcrsti- 

tious ; one who is observant of lucky or un- 
lucky signs : tire tea (la. 

GOHEN 3 <~*^/ ftp i^ prou. You (to equals) : 
ra (plur.). 

Gono n* > ^ ^ ^ ^5 (okonai no mnkui) n. 
The reward of conduct. 

GOIN *t? 4 v ffi& n. Rape : guru, to 
ravish ; to violate a female. 
Syn. OOKAN. 

Go IN if i> 4 v ffi g^ n. Intemperanoe in 
drink ; excessive drinking of ardent spirits ; 
=gd-sJin. 

GO-IN 3* >f s/ 51 *& n. The five musical notes. 

GOISAOI 3*>f^^n. The night heron. 

GOJI a* f-' ^ ^ (niamori tmuotau) sum, to 
guard, protect, defend, keep. 

GOJIN 3* ? v |^ H$ n. The rear ranks of an 
army ; the rear part of a camp. 

GOJITSU 3* i? y fjl HI (nochi no hi) n. A 
future day; subsequent day. 

GOJO =f s? -y i r fi7 n. The five cardinal 
virtues, viz., j//i, gi, ret, chi, sJiin; humanity, 
uprightness, propriety, wisdom, and sincerity: 
no mi chi tii tuguwazu. 

GOJO n*^-*^^ ftp'wl " The command of a 
superior. 

GOJO =f^S*-Y$Rftn, (coll.) Obstinate; 
headstrong; strong self-will: \co haru, to 
be obstinate. 

GOJOMOKU rfr^*? ^pl^ n - An imperial 
edict or proclamation published and Lung up 
for the public. 

GOJOPPAM # iJ -V # 7 /\ 9 na, stiff- 
necked ; obstinate ; headstrong. 

GOJO =fi?7 i-h adj. Fifty: ic/ii, fifty- 
one. 

GO-JUDAI 3* i? a. ^' >f ftp X l*J (Jairt ni iru) n. 
Entering the palace (spoken of a princess 
first entering the palace of tho Mikado to bo- 
come his wife). 

GOKA a & % 5fc ^ n. A wealthy or powerful 
house or family. 

Syn. MONOMOCHI, BDOEN. 

GOKAI 3*4 JL j$ n. The five Buddhist com- 
mandments, against stealing, lying, intem- 
perance, taking life, and adultery. 

GOKAI d* -ft 4 n. The lugworiu, Arcnicola 
piscatorum. 

GOKAKU d** 9 TI f& or i\- ft n. Even; un- 
decided (as a battle); a drawn game: no 
tntnkai, a drawn battle; $hubu ga Ja, 
victory was undeci^ 

GOKAKU jt ^j u. Five-cornered, or an 
I'entugonal: gokakukkei, a pentagon (dia- 
gram). 

GO-KANJO-DUOTO =fftvf y Y7'^ j rfrflr|>&; 
..' n. The secretary of the tiensury or 

su]x liiitemlant of accounts iu tho &ht<yun't 
goverinn. 

.^ <l A widow. 
Syn. YAUOME. 

GOKB H ft p i.q. pu&a. 

*' ^ >' ^ u v h n- The gum ; total ; 
whulo uujuunt, 



GOK 



114 



GON 



GO-KENSHO rf >r v S'-Y V #P !& 8$ Your health : 

naru ya, have you been well ? (used only in 
letters and salutations). 

GOKETSU if # y y *JL $| n. A person pre- 
eminent for ability ; a hero, genius : yo mida- 
re t e arawarn (prov.), in times of trouble a 
hero appears. 

GOKI if fj t- ffi '$< n - Stout-hearted ; bravery ; 
courage ; boldness : ga nai hito ; na 
hito. 

GOKI rf$ ^ H n. A wooden bowl: inu no 
, a bowl used for feeding a dog. 

GOKO rf # # J5L 5t n. The five watches, ex- 
tending from 6 p.m. to 4 a.m. See l\u. 

GO-KO 3 9 V V ?# #1 (nshiro no hikari) n. The 
gilt halo or glory back of a Buddhist idol. 

GOKOKESHU rf n T> T ^ #P $ & & " The 
title of a class of officers in the Shoguti't 
government. 

GOKOKD =f a > { $>J By and by ; in a few 
minutes. 

Syn. NOCHI-HODO. 

GO-KOKU rf u 9 _. ^ n. The five cereals- 
wheat, rice, millet, beans, and sorghum. 

Go KON rf rj v JL fljfc, n. (Bud.) The five senses, 
seeing, hearing, smelling, taste and touch : 
no zoku no osoru beki koto shishi yori mo 
hanahadashi. 

GOKU rf^ $j adv. (coll.) Superlative degree; 
extremely ; eminently : warni, extremely 
bad ; yoi, the best ; atsui, extremely hot. 

Syn. ITCHIBAN, HANAHADA, ITO, ITATTE. 

GOKU rf 9 fjjfc n. A jail, prison; criminal 
cases ; litigation. 

SyU. RO, BOYA, HITOYA, OOKUYA. 

GOKUDO dt9 if*r n. A dissolute, profligate 

person. Syn. HORATSU. 
GOKUOETSU rf ^ y y -fa ft n. The last month 

of the year. 

Syn. SHIWASD, JU-NI GATSU. 
GOKU-HIN rf 9 b ; v fa , n. An article of the 

very best quality ; superfine. 
GOKUI rf ^ >f $k &; n. The important or 

essential principle ; chief; chief point; object; 

gist ; pith ; mystery. 

Syn. O-GI, OKUGI, OKU-NO-TE. 
GOKUJO =f*s?-V }5 _h n. The very best, 

or highest kind ; superfine : no shina. 
GOKUMON 39**, |j H n. The scaffold on 

which the head of a criminal is exposed to 

the public ; also, exposing the head. 
GOKURAKU rf;?7^ $ $ n. Supreme bliss; 

the place of highest happiness ; Paradise of 

the Buddhists : sekai, Paradise ; sekai 

ni uninruru, to enter Paradise ; no shiijo, the 

inhabitants of Paradise ; kane sae areba itsn- 

mo (prov.). 
GOKU-SOTSU rf ^ y y ffi 2^. n. A jailer ; the 

person who looks after prisoners in a jail ; 

a rascal. 
GOKU-TSUBUSHI rf 9 y y" $, f gj- n. (coll.) A 

drone, idler. 
GOKUYA 3* ^ -V ^ n. (coll.) A jail; prison. 

Syn. ROYA. 
GOKWAN q*^y v & n. The five senses. 



GOKYO rf ^^^ &$ n. The five Chinese 

classics. 
GO-KYU if $ % ~? Tjjfc\3L ('Kiki stikcbit) n. 

Crj'ing ; lamentation ; wailing : ten ni sum. 
GOMA n* *r ^ 0i n. The Sesamum Orientalis : 

?io abttra, the oil of the s. o. used for cook- 
ing; goma ico sum, to speak well or evil of 
others from some selfish motive ; to make 
mischief. 

GOMA if *j N- p$ ^ n. Subjugating or conquer- 
ing demons : no ri-ken, the sharp sword for 
; 710 s<l, a terrible appearance. 

GOMA rf-r =$ ffi n. A Buddhist rite of saying 
prayers while fire is burning in a brazier : 

wo taku, performing the above ceremony 
GOMAKASHI,-SU a'-r*^ t. v. (coll.) To hood 

wink, blind ; to conceal ; to cover up a fault, 
turn off by a device. 

SyU. MAOIRAKASU. 

GOMAME =f * >t n. Dried sardines, same a3 
yatsnknri. 

GOMAN #$ -r i' f ^ (takaburi) n Arrogance; 
haughtiness ; pride. 

GOMANOHAI -3 -r ) ^ 4 n. (coll.) A thief who 
deludes and steals from travelers. 

GOMA-SDRI rj* -r ^ l ) n. (coll.) One who, from 
personal motives, speaks well or evil of others 
to his superiors ; a sycophant, tale-bearer. 

GOMATSU if t? -* y ^^ (he no saki) n. (lit. 
end of a hair) With a neg., not the least ; not 
a particle. 

GO-MEN =f j* z/ ^ji fa (o yurnshi) Your honor's 
permission ; excused ; exempted ; pardoned by 
a superior; permitted: ltnda*are, excuse 
me ; pardon me ; wo negan, to ask permisson 
of a superior; o-yaku gomen ni natta, excused 
from public service. Syn. EWANKYO. 

GOMI rf ? /^ n. Dirt; dust; litter; rubbish' 

wo hdkit, to sweep up dirt : wo harau, to 
brush off dust; gomi-tori, a dust-pan. 

GOMI 3 s n. The Eleagnus. 

GOMISHI rfSSx.S.^^ n. A kind ot 
medicine. 

GOMI-TAME ^f * Jt * n. A dirt heap, or hole 
for throwing refuse matter. 

GOMIYA rf ? -y n. Scavenger. 

GOMOKU rf ^ 9 /f| $ n. Litter , dirt , rub- 
bish : ba, a dirt-heap ; place where dirt 
and rubbish are thrown. 

GOMOKU-MESHI rf ^ y * ^ %. J t n. A kind 
of food made by mixing several kinds of 
vegetables with rice. 

GOMON if V * v f $[ n. Torture ; examin- 
ation by torture to extort confession : ni 
kakete haknjo wo saseru. 

GOMU n" A (Eng.) n. Gum. 

GON rf ^ J Written with a title or office, 
signifies that the person is suporadded to 
the regular number of persons holding that 
title or office as an assistant ; vice, assistant, 
as: M nan* hi gon no kuini, Gvn dai-nti-<t<vi. 

GON rfv =" (kotobn) n. A word: ichi gou 
mo nai, had not a word to say; al;u KVI 
kuchi yori idasazu, don't utter a bad word. 

GONA rf > ^ n. A small kind of mollusca. 



GON 



115 



COS 



GONGO 3* v 3* If | n. Words ; speech ; 
language: 110 oyobu tokoro iii urazn, that 
which no words can express; do dun, in- 
expressible; unutterable; ni zessuru, ex- 
ceeding the power of language. 
GOXGYO 3*v^'Y# 3fn ff Industrious in the 

performance of religious austerities. 
GOXICHI 3* f- $i EJ (nocJii no hi) n A future 

day. 

GONJO 3* v i? ^r # "fT Jt ai/ru, to tell or re- 
port to a superior. 

Syn. MOSHI-AGERU. 
GONKD 3* v ^ "=f 7 n. A word or sentence : 

?io dfiiHisfn, cannot utter a word. 
Goxo iftrJ<ty %. fe n. A wealthy and 

powerful fanner. 

GOXSAI 3* v -9- >f #| 4r ( fcar * ;i tauma) n A 
concubine. 

Syn. MEKAKE, sno. 

GONZCI 3* v -/ >f n. Enscaphys staphyleoides. 

GO-ON 3* 4- v ^- ^ n. The name given to those 

sounds of the Chinese characters which were 

tirst brought to Japan. The Buddhists use 

these sounds only. 

GORAN 3* 7 v ftp <g Look (respectful and used 

only in speaking to another) : nasare, look 

rej ni ireru, show you; let you see; 

ciu'ren wo goranjita ka, did you see the 

parade ? 

GORANJI.-ZFRU ^f=) /- fr t.v. To look at. 
i if $ \, 4 ffi ** n. The word of com- 
mand, order : wo kudasu, to give an order. 

Syn. OEJI, II-TSUKE. 

GORI V t? >) ^ /tj n. A farthing ; a bit , small- 
est particle : no tagai tenri no ayamani 
(prov.) ; mo tnqawanu. 

i a t? \) ^ ffi 7^7 n. (coll.) A strong man. 
GORIN 3* 9 ^ i |& Five different layers of 
sculpture, one on the top of the other : no 
i monument made of five styles of sculpture. 
3' !7 v i f n. The five human rela- 
tions of father and son, master and ser- 
vant, husband and wife, ot friends, and of 
brot' 

GORO rf n t$ 5 n. The combination of 
yllables in a word, or of words in a line of 

y in respect of euphony or measure. 
Syn. snii: 

GORO -J n 3 n. Camlet. 
GORO-OORO -J a 3* n adv. (coll.) The sound 
of rumbling or rolling, a.i of thunder, or of a 
wagon, or purring of a cat: kuminari ga 

nitrn, th<- thunder rolls. 
r.-Ru -J ? t? ^ n- i.v. To see, look: 
itnrf. look; look h-re; yo kangaete 
gon'jimntf, consider it well. 
GcmfuO rf 9 t i> *> ftp = t| n. The Council 
of State at Yt-do in tin- r.-iirn of the Shuijun. 
OomoTA^njrn. A cobble sto: 
GoRornrKi J n y * n. (coll.) An idle 

vaRai i ully. 

GOROTBI-KI.-KO -=t v ? 9 i.v. (coll.) To lead an 
..'ilc.ii.l h: : to make ft 

rumMmtf n-nsi. ; to have uu uneasy icu- 
tatioo in the eye. 



GORYO -3 y ft) ftp ^H n- Domain or territory 

belonging to the Shogun. 

Syn. TENHYO. 

GO-RYO a* u# ^pif4 n. Belonging to the Em- 
peror : 110 basha ; no shina. 
GOSAI n* -9- -f & ^t (nochi no tsnma) n. A 

second wife : ico irfru, to marry a second 

wife. 
GOSANNARE 3*^ f+ u ftp $. J^ inter. Come 

on, as in bantering an opponent. 

Syn. KITARE. 
GOSE a'-b $ -^ (noc/u o yo) n. The world to 

come ; future state : wo negau. 
GOSEI **^-fe>f^^n. A fixed star. 
GOSEI if $ -fe 4 ffi ^ adv. Mighty ; exceeding ; 

very : atsui, exceeding, or very hot; no 

koto wo sJtita. 

Syn. GOGI. 
GOSHA rj* i' -Y ^fp ^ n. Imperial pardon ; 

amnesty. 
GOSHI 3* x (g $s] (afo-7i:ofo6n) n. (gram.) A 

post-position ; also called ihi-shi-gen or as/u 

kotoba. 

fGo-SHi if y Ss -* % n. A wooden bowl or cup. 
GOSIII *' t> j^ ^i -t n. A wealthy farmer who 

was allowed to keep arms, and, in case of war, 

to arm his servants and assist his lord. 
GOSHIMPITSU 3* S' v h* V Iffy ^ K n. The 

Mikado's autograph. 

GOSHINKAN 3* i" ^ * v #p ^ ^ n. An auto- 
graph letter of the Mikado. 
GOSHINZO 3*2xv-^^ $P $?:" Your honour's 

wife ; mistress, when addressed by the servants. 
GOSHO 3'S'-Vi> $ n. The future life of 

happiness (Bud.) ; negau, to pray for future 

happiness. 
GOSHO 3* 2^ 3 ftp ffi n. The Mikado's residence ; 

the palace. 
Go-SHd 3*i'-V# JL 1^ (itxutun no sawari) n. 

(Bud.) The five hiuderanccs to a woman's 

becoming a Hotoke. 

GOSHOKU if tj I* 3 9 ty fa n. Eating vora- 
ciously ; intemperate in eating ;~f<u* /)/. 
GOSHD ^*^>x3. ^ jg n. Intemperance in 

drinking '/'">"' 
GOSHDDEN 3*s^^rv^p^^< n. The resi- 

donee of a daughter of a thogun who was 

married into a noble's family. 
GOSHU-IN Jisa.t*/ ftp^.fp n. The vrr- 

milionsealof the tHn'/gnn : chi, 

by the Slul'iim, to which his seal i 
GOSHUYU 3* i" a. a. ot ^ $* n. Boymia 

rutaorarpu; i.(j. litni'(ili(i*liiktnni. 
Goso 3* V ^ ^1 3^ (Hi/i?/i.>ri o/.iuu) n. A guard ; 

escort: tninin wo royti ni $nrn, to guard a 

net to tin- ju 1. 

Goso $*) v IMJ-I nl iittr.) n. A forcible 

i 1. lint or petition ni;i i ninent, US 

by a mob, or not in tin I.T. 

Gosui 3*X,-f T-W! Slirj.ing in tho day 

Syn. IIIRUNK. 

1 ^^ -f JLfl Tho five dorrxvM in tho ron- 
dition of the Triiniii, wlu-n their period of 
ncKa is completed (UuU.), 



GOT 



116 



GUD 



GOTA-GOTA =f Si =f & adv. (coll.) Confused ; 

mixed ; jumbled together ; mingled : shite iru. 
GOTAI zf.#>f 3i%$ n. The nv e members of 

the body, as tho head, arms, and legs; the 

whole body. 
GOTAIHO d* '* 4 7 * ft? ^ ; n. The prime 

minister of the Shoguii. 
GOTAKU =f Jf ^ ftp ffc 11. (coll.) A foolish or 

silly word : sonua ni wo tsuku net, don't 

talk such nonsense. 

GOTAMAZE =fjr v-t/ 11. (coll.) Jumbled together ; 
' mixed together in confusion: ni mini. 
GOTA-NI =f 2 ri i). (coll.) A hodge-podge : medley 

of different kinds of food boiled together. 
GOTATSUKI.-KU =f # 9 9 i.v. (coll.) To be jum- 
bled; confused; mixed together ; discordant. 
GOTJSN rfj'v ftp$ n. A palace; residence of 

the Emperor. 
GOTO rf ]- ^t adj. Every; each : hi 710 Jcoto, 

a daily occurrence; hito ni, every body ; kuni 

ni, every country ; hi ni, every day ; 

ni, adv. 

GOTO a h $ 5&ia n. Bandit ; robber; high- 
wayman. Syn. TOZOKU. 

GOTO- GOTO TO a* h zf 1 h adv. The sound of 

. water flowing from a bottle ; gurgling . oto 
ga sum, to make a gurgling noise. 

GOTOKI,-KU-SHI =f }* 9 if Like to, similar to; 
same manner ; same kind ; as, so : konogotoku, 
thus; in this manner; hito no gotohi, like a 
man; moshi musu tokoro no gotokumba, if it 
be as you have said ; ware gotohi mono no 
oyobu tokoro de wa nai, it is a matter to which 
such an one as I cannot attain. 
Syn. TORI, TO. 

GOTOKU a* h ^ n. A three-legged iron stand 
used in boiling a tea kettle, etc.; tripod. 

GOTSU-GOTSU a* y =f y adv. The sound of hard 
things striking together ; harsh in sound : 
to tataku. 

GOTTA =f y jt adv. Same as gota : kaent, 
to be exceedingly confused. 

GOTTOKI =f y \> y adv. (coll.) Sudden: shimt, 
to die suddenly. 

GOYA =f-v $H n. The night from 12 to 3 
o'clock. 

GOYAKU ** $ -V 9 & | n. Gunpowder ; 
gum, a powder magazine. 
Syn. ENSHO. 

GOYEI rfjt>f |$$f (mamori yuku) n. Escort; 
guard : Dai j in no -, 

GO-YO =f 3 S ffl "i to use interchange- 
ably. 

GOYO a* 3 # |S ^ Misuse ; erroneous use. 

GO-YO =f 3 T> ftp $ n. Government service. 

GOYOKU if'&*9 SJSgfc Strong lust; exceed- 
ingly covetous; greedy, or avaricious. 

GOZA =f ? 5c SI n - A- mat; common matting. 

GOZA-FDNE =fip73- ^[i^^ u. An Imperial 
yacht. 

GO-ZANOMA =f-g>^v ^^4lM n. The room 
in which a lord or master generally sits. 

GOZARI.-BU rf ^ju i.v. (coll.) i.q. liusaru. To 
be putrid ; rotten. 

GOZABX.-BU ^-f^ ^p ^ i.v. To be; to have; 



(respectful for flr) : gozarimasu, I have ; thero 

is: i/ozttihnascn, have not; there is not; 

gozurhnnsn ka, have 3"ou? is there? gozari- 

mashu, I think there is, or I think I have; 

sayo de , it is so. 
GOZE rf-tf %i ^- n. A blind woman who goes 

about singing and playing on the guitar. 
GOZEN a'-fe'v $p$| n. Boiled rice, or food 

generally. 

Syn. MESHI, GOHAN. 

GOZEN a'-t/v $P ftj u. The presence of the 
Emperor; also, "your excellency," in speak- 
ing to or of an honorable person. 

GOZEN rf-t/v *f- fft n. Forenoon. 

Go-zo rfy^r JLNDi n. The five viscera, viz., 
the heart, lungs, stomach, liver, and kidneys. 

GO-ZOKU Hi) v*9 ^^ n. A powerful or in- 
fluential family (on account of wealth). 

GOZUME rf */ * ffi \fe n. A body of troops kept 
in reserve in case of need ; a reserve. 

GOZUMEZU u* !/ * y 4-BJl.^sl n - Demons 
having heads like the ox and horse, said to 
act as jailers in the Bud. hades. 

Gu ? \& sum, to accompany ; go or take 
along with : tomo wo sum, to take a servant 
with one. 

Syn. TOMONAU, IZANAU, BASO. 

Gu / J^. Tools ; implements ; a complete set, 
or suit of utensils, instruments, furniture, 
armor, etc.: kanii-sliimo ichi gn, one suit of 
dress clothes ; sum, to furnish, make com- 
plete, arrange ; to have ; ikusa no , imple- 
ment of war; yoroi ichi , one suit of armor. 

G U ? j%. (oroka) Foolish; stupid (used often 
as an humble word for one's self) : gu-na 
hito, a dunce; gu-na koto wo iu, to talk 
nonsense; gu-sai t vay (stupid) wife; gn-sokn t 
my (stupid) son ; gu-an, my (stupid) opinion ; 
gui-i, my (stupid) mind. Syn. BAKA. 

GO 9* b $8) Even numbers : ki-gu, odd and 
even numbers , su, even numbers. 
Syn. CHO. 

GUAI jc* 7 b 31 ^* n. The state, condition ; 
the fit ; the working or movement of things 
which are adjusted to one another; as: kono 
hiki-dashi no guai wa yoi, this drawer 
works neatly and smoothly; shdji no guai 
ga icarui, the screen does not work smoothly; 
guai wa do da, how are you? wo naosu, 
to adjust or regulate. 
Syn. AMBAI, CHOSHI. 

GU-BU-NIN ?*7* is && A n. The attendants 
of the Emperor in going out, or of a Kami 
when carried out in procession. 

GDBUTSO >? -/ y &h, $7 n. (oroka naru mono) A 
dunce, stupid fellow, blockhead. 

GUCHI ^ ^ j^ $| n. Nonsense ; foolishness ; 
silliness : wo kobosu, to talk nonsense ; 
onna wa na mono, women are silly beings. 
Syn. OROKA. 

GUDEN-GUDEN ?* T 2" / 7* S" adv. (coll.) Stupid ; 
insensible ; (said of persons dead drunk) : 
ni natta. 

GDDO-GUDO >f $ f ^ adv. (coll.) The sound of 
complaining, grumbling : in, to grumble. 



GUD 



117 



GUS 



GUDON $ h* v &$k (roka ni nibuki) adj. 
Foolish and dull ; ignorant and stupid. 

GUDOTSUKI.-KO, / i? y $ iv. (coll.) To loiter ; 
to dilly-dally ; to be slow and dilatory ; to 
grumble, complain : nani wo gudotsuite im 
yitku nura haijaku ike, what are you dilly- 
dallying about? if you are going go quick; 
nani wo , what are you grumbling about? 

Gt'GEN / # f v % "=" n. Metaphor ; parable ; 
fable Syu. TATOK. 

GDGO / 3' $t ft? 11. The food of the Tenshi. 

D. OMONO. 

Guno y/7 A'Ji (ho wo hiromeru) To dis- 
seminate or propagate religious doctrines. 

Syn. SErro. 
GCMAI / -r 4 Qffr Ignorant ; stupid : 7m 

iratakitshi. 

GUMIUI f & r* J( 5 fip. n. A fan used by 
military officers in giving a command : 
ico furu, to give an order. 
GUMDYO / i" b' -V 2f? jfc u. Soldiers ; troops : 
an army. 

Syn. GUNZEI. 

GCMI / 3 $fc & a < A small edible red berry ; 
a species of dogwood, Eloeagnus. 

1 /*&$! Ignorant; stupid unedu- 

i ; foolish : no mono, ignoramus. 
GUMFO ?>'tft7 %t- 3$ n. A swarm of bees. 

"> /vX 50L>n, Military tactics, or 
rules ; martial law : kwaigi, court-martial. 
GrjircKD ?>>-?>r W- %$ n Military clothes ; 
uniform. 

/ f %$ (kori) n. The largest subdivision 
of a kimi, or ken; a county. 
Grx / v ^ (iknsa) n, An army; \var ; 
military: chit, in the army; taigun, a 
large army. 

v f- -V ff! -^ n The chief officer 
of a county. 

\i fz'jfj fjl -ft n. The superintendent 
of a county under the Shogun. 

AX / v ^ y 3 \& (ikusa no Itanatlii) 
n. War-stories. 

VKU f-i,-ti9 &* n. Thoartofwar; 
military science : ni tasshita liito. 

; / v A. (oro/fa aru /tifo) An 
rant person ; a fool. 
A-OCNIYA ?' =. -Y / -V adv. (coll.) 

>ft ; pliant ; flabby. 

VARI /r:-Y 9 adv. Soft; pliant; limber. 
:* / v & v 5|i fjji (i/ia o /cami) n. 
The pod of war. 

^Vf'fi'tit n. An encampment; 
military camp. 
GCNKAN ftsuy IfiJKikuta'lunc) n. A ship 

of war. 

GCNKKX /v^-v |^)PK n. Tho form of govern- 

i'oncd to the feudal Bystem (hn.l;m\, in 

'officials of every province and (lintrict 

appointci il or Mikado's 

government, and hold th.-ir niliro at his 

whero tlio i and 

r the control of tin- 

eentral ffoveromeut ; a monarchical from of 



n. 



Military services, 
An order, or 



1 GUSKO / v u $ 

or merit. 
GDNREI >/ */ u 4 ^ <^ n. 

command given to an army. 
GUNRITSU / v 9 y ^.^ n. Martial law. 
GUNRYOKU >/ v ; 3 ^ ^ X7 n. Military 

power. 
GUNSAN /^-tj-i/ ^^ (mnragari maim) To 

flock together; assemble in droves. 
GUNSHI >/ is ?/ T $?. $$ n. Au army or military 

officer. 
GUNSHIN >/ v Ss v j^ t n. The whole 

crowd of servants; servants of the Tenshi. 
GUXSIIO / > Is 3 ^ "|^ n. A history of wars. 
GUNSO >/2sW Sg-f(mil.) A sergeant. 
GUNSOTSU ? zs y ? ^ 2^. n. Common 

soldiers. 
GUNYOKIN /vg^^v ^Jfl ^ n. Army or 

war expenses. 

GUNZEI / ^ -H 4 ^ 3% n. An army. 
GUNZOKU /vy*^ ^}}^u. An army-follower. 
GURA-GDUA / 7 / 7 adv. (coll.) Unsteady, rock- 

ing, shaking, or unsettled in manner: func ga 

sum, the boat rocks ; ie ga jishin de snrn t 
the house is rocked by an earthquake ; ha ga 

sum, the tooth is loose. 

GURASHI, Or GURAKASHI,-SU 9* 5 X> t.V. (coll.) 

To cheat, defraud ; swindle by petty trick or 
artifice, or making out a false account ; to fail 
in one's engagements and disappoint by con- 
tinued delay (as a workman) : kune wo gurasa- 
rete kanjo ga aivanu ; shigoto ico gurasu. 

GDRASHI-MONO ^'7^^ ) n. (coll.) An article 
in the purchase of which one has been cheated, 
or swindled. 

GURATSUKI.-KU ? *) y 9 i.v. To bo fickle, 
vacillating, unsteady, shaky, unsettled, waver- 
ing: tnukue ga guratsuitc kaki-nikui, the table 
shakes BO that I cannot write. 

GURE.-RU /un- i.v. To be deranged; out of 
tune: yakusoku ga gureta, the engagement 
has failed; ki ga , to be crazy ; choshi ga 

, to be out of tune. Syn. CHIOAU. 
GURO / P fy ^ ^. n. Ridicule ; derision ; jeer- 

ing; teasing; making sport ; mocking : guru. 

Syn. AZAKERU, NABDRU. 

GDRON / o v j^ n. Foolish argument; 

inconclusive reasoning. 
GUROSU '/ x> vjl (Eng.) n.r-144 pieces. 
GURU >/ >^ n. (coll.) Accomplice or confederate 

in crime: ftlfn ni nattf maotoko wo $atm. 
GURURI / ^ '/ adv. Around ; about ; in a circle: 

ie no , around the house; to mnicaru. 
GUSA '/^ adv. The sound of stabbing: abara 

ico (jtisa to tKiiku, stabbed him in timeliest; 

undo wo irarrrti, shot him in the neck with 

an arrow. 

A /^"V J4f n> ^ n ignorant pornon ; a 

dunce, fool, niinplrton : ni ino ittoln nri 

(|irov.), even a dunce .sometimes docs a good 

tiling. 
Guam / is Q n. (worn.) The hair (only 

-. ns : mi' .</r</< i, your 
nor'n) hair ; p<in*lii n ntifmathv, let me do 

up your hair. 



GUS 



118 



GYA 



GUSOKU /y ^ .%_n. A coat of mail; com- 
plete armor: ya, armorer. 

GUSOKU /y ^ J^-X *?/, to be complete, 
perfect, entire ; completely furnished ; to have. 
Syn. SONAWARU. 

GUTA-GUTA >/ Jf >/ & adv. (coll.) In a flabby, 
limber manner. 

GUTARI-TO / 5t 9 adv. (coll.) In a flabby, 
limber manner. 

GUTATSUKI.-KU '/ 1* y 9 i.v. (coll.) To be lim- 
ber ; flnbby. 

GUTTO / y h adv. In a flash ; in an instant : 

nomi-koiint, swallowed it in one gulp, or, 
understood it at once. 

GUZEI-NO-FUNE / -tf -f ) 7 -T* 5 A 3jf %. ft n. i.q. 
Nori-iio-fitae. 

GUZEN >f # -{/ ts J35 $> By chance ; fortuitously ; 
contingently; accidentally: naru koto, a 
chance affair; ni atatta, hit by chance; 
ni dekita, came by chance. 
Syn. TOTSUZEN. 

Guzo >/ # / # J3?, fffc n, An image, idol, 
statue: ni tsukaeru mono, an idolater; 
kyo, idolatry. 

GuzO $*/() A 55 (hiromurn) mini, to spread 
abroad ; propagate by preaching. 

Guzu-ouzu jc* *J / / adv. The sound of grum- 
bling, complaining ; loitering; idly \ lazily: 

to shite ont, to be idle and loitering about. 
GuzuBi,-nu >/ */ 9 jt t.v. To tease, vex, 

annoy. Syn. NEDARU. 

GUZUTSUKI.-KU ?+Sy9 i.v. (coll.) To grumble, 
complain. 

GWAHEI / y ^ 4 ;$ $f n. A picture of rice, 
(met.)=useless and disappointing. 

GWAI jf V j jr\. (hoka, soto) Besides; above; 
beyond ; outside ; foreign; alien: chikara 
no hataraki u'o $urn, to do something for 
which one had not the strength (but does by 
slight) ; kokoro no koto u-o in, to say some- 
thing which one does not feel or believe; shfi- 
kyo wa ri no ri wo toku, religion teaches of 
matters above what is natural the preter- 
natural. 

GWAIBUN /TM7**' ^fy] (hoka no kikot) n. 
Publicity; notoriety; reputation; fame; honor: 

ga warni, ashamed to have others know it ; 
yone ga ivarni, stop, it is a matter to be 
ashamed of; ie no Jii kakaicarn, to be 
injurious to the reputation of a family ; wo 
Hshinau, to lose reputation. 

GWAIBUTSU jf y <i 7* y $\*ty} (soto no mono) n. 
External things or objects ; things outside of 
one's self : ni mayowasaritru. 

GWAIJIN >/ 17 4 i? "!/ ft/^ n. An outsider, 
stranger; one who docs not belong to the 
family, company or part}'. 

GWAIKEN f y 4 *r * ft JL (*oto no mie) n. 
External appearance ; outside ; showing any- 
thing to others: tco kazaru; ga tcarui, 
don't let it be seen. 

GWAI-KOKU /T7^f=i^^@n. A foreign 
country: jin, a foreigner, alien. 

GWAIMEN fy * ** ^ 55 (toto gad) n. The 
outside, exterior. 



Foreign affairs : 
De- 



Maternal 



GWAIMU ?y 4 A flL ^ n. 

kyn, minister for . 
GwAiMU-siid, /7>f A^-Y^r 

partment of foreign affairs. 
GWAI-SOFU >/ 7 4 y 7 ^ fl ' n. 

grandfather. 
GWAIYO / y 4 3 & H- ffl n. (med.) Local or 

external treatment of disease. 
GWA-KI / 7 ^ X 51 n. Earthenware. 
GWA-KO / 7 a > $ 3^ n. A picture painter, 

artist. 
GWAN '/ V is 1$\ (netjni) n. Desire; request; 

prayer ; supplication ; vow : wo tnteru, to 

make supplication, or offer up a prayer ; 

wo kakeru, id.; wo hatasu, to perform one's 

vow ; hodohl wo mtrti, id.; ga kanfita, 

the prayer has been heard. 
GWANQAKE / 7 ^ & $r n. Making a vow : wo 



GWANGU >/ y s/ ?' # Q 7m, adj. Narrow- 
minded and obstinate ; bigoted ; stupid. 

GWANJITSU f y is ~ ~j TC n n. New Year's 
day ; the first day of the year. 

GWANKO /7v 3 ^ F9 (kataknnn) na, bi- 
goted ; narrow-minded and stubborn ; obstinate. 

GWANNIN / y >^ v 5| A. (k<~> hito) n. A beg- 
ging person, petitioner ; begging priest. 

GWANRAI y y */ 7 4 Tttfc (moto yori) adv. 
Originally ; naturally ; anciently ; from the 
first ; from the beginning ; always before this ; 
heretofore : kono hito yowai, this man has 
always been weak ; tsnyoi kitni narcdomo 
imn wa yoicakn-natta, it was originally a power- 
ful state, but it is now weak. 

Syn. 7KNTAI, HONRAI. 

GWAN-RI / 7 > 9 TC^'] n - Principal and in- 
terest. 

GWANSIIO / y Zs I* 3 55 ^T (negai'Sho) n. A 
petition in writing ; wo sashi-agcru, to hand 
up a petition. 

GWANSO >f y is y -fr ffl. n. Progenitor , fore- 
father ; founiler ; inventor. 

GWANYAKU /yv-V^^fi^n. A pill. 

GWANZE-NASHI >/ y ^ -fe -j- */ *jfc vfr Ignorant ; 
inexperienced , without understanding ; gwan- 
ze no na i kodomo demo yoi to warni wa chan 
to shim, even a child knows well the difference 
between right and wong. 

GWAPPI >/ y y h* ^ tl See gappi. 

GWASSHOKU '/ y y Ss 3 9 J3$n. Eclipse <rf 
the moon. 

GWATSU ? V y ft (tsnki) n. Moon, month: 
shd-fiwatsit, the first month; ni , the second 
month. Syn. GETSU. 

GYAKU ^-V ? $ (okori) n. Intermittent fever, 

GYAKU :\'-V ^ $ Contrary ; adverse ; opposite; 
rebellious ; traitorous : na koto, a matter 
the reverse of what it should be ; ni kazoeru, 
to count backwards ; ni nagarern, to flow 
backwards; turn, to oppose; to be adverse. 

Syn. SAKARAMA, SOMUKU. 

GYAKUFO 3-* Y 9 7 ^ M. u. A contrary wind. 

Syn. MUKAI-KAZK. 

GYAKUI ^Y^>f Q fe n. Treason ; treachery ; 
rebellion ; perfidy. 



GYA 



119 



GYO 



GYAKUJO ^-Y^aJ-Y^ JL (nobose) n. Con- 
gestion or rush of blood to the head ; dizziness ; 
vertigo ; madness : snru, to be crazy. 
GYAKUSHIN ^ -V 9 ^ ^ $ {5 n. A treacherous 

or disloyal servant ; a rebel 
GYAKUSHC ^'-y ^ I* $ 3\fe n. Preparing one's 
sepulchre, etc., or saying mass previous to one's 
death, or that of another : ico okonau. 
GYAKUZAN ^-V 9 *f f $ jji; n. An unnatural 

labor. 
GYAKUZOKU ^ -V 9 / 9 ^ J$ n. A traitor, 

rebel. 
GYAMAN *$ -Y * v 3& JJ n. Glass. 

Syu. BIIDORO. 

GYO 3 if& (eo) n. Fish : tai-gyo ^ $,, a 
large fish. 

. SAEANA. 

GYO ^ 3 ftp An epithet applied to the Mikado ; 
Imperial: t ftp^, Emperor's clothes: 
ken ftp 'ij, Emperor's sword , sum, to 
vern, rule, manage; to drive horses; to 
net as a charioteer; kuruma ni notte wna 
tro fit/o sum. 

GYO -/7 |g n. Business; occupation; liveli- 
hood : i ico to sum, to follow the business 
of a physician. 

GYO =\-*-y ij ft n. Religious austerities or dis- 
cipline ; the numeral for rows; go , 
tlif five elements ; tan , three rows, 
or lines ; tro turn, to practice religious 
austerities, as fasting, pilgrimages; fjyo-i 
ff # the white clothes worn by pilgrims ; 
turn, to practise. 

} 3 / & # ff'J ]t 3j n. The Board 
of Punishment. 

> * fj r #;*' ft a|J n. The motion or 
progression of a heavenly body in its orbit; 
the orbit. 

*? 3 ? '<$ %> n ' A fisherman. 
Syn. RIYOSIII, SUNADORI. 
: * -Y t> d^ ff g$ n. Behaviour ; deport- 
:it ; manners; order: ga icarui, rude, 
ill-mannered ; yoku narabu, sitting in proper 
order, wo osltieru, to teach good manners. 

SAHo, OYOJO, OKOXAI. 

i ^ ? ^ ^ -V " " The name of a 
ird. 

I.-KI-ED ^3^A'3^^>f JJjR 

ndj. (coll.) Bhriekiog as in sudden fright 
or anger; noisy; clamorous. 

'> 4 &V1& ( kokoro) Imperial mind 
(uaed also tonny honorable ijersou) : no ton, 
as your excellency plrases. 

'* ^ -Y '> i? -V ^f ^ n - Ono who practices 
religious auhteritius, goes on a pilgrimage, or 
performs any religious work; a pilgrim, hermit, 
ancli 

: *Y sMf 3> A-n umpire, or judge, 
as of wrestlers. 

Y> i?Y ?f ^ n. Actions; conduct. 

i. OKONAI, (. 

y-Y<ri?Y<r^a^f ^i|r n - A 

tl*)* 4 If & n. The going out of 
the EmpreM, or heir-apparent. 



GYOKETSU '/ $ jr ? # $>l Coagulation ; con- 
gelation : snru, to congeal, coagulate. 

Syn. HYOKETSU, KATAMARU. 

GYOKKO ^a^^^^^n. A lapidary ; one 

who cuts and polishes stones. 

Syn. TAMASCRI. 
GYOKO 4? -V i> * t? ft ^ n. Going out (spoken 

only of the Mikado). 
GYO-KO *? 3 ^ ^ ^ j|| f^ (kobori-zaiicai) n. 

Unexpected luck or good fortune ; a wind- 
fall : snrn, to venture upon, adventure ; 

man-ichi tro snru. 
GYOKU ^ 3 9 (coll.) The hire of a prostitute: 

wo ha ran. 

Syn. AOEDAI. 
GYOKUJIN tf a \ 9 s/ J. A. n. A lapidary, or 

one who polishes precious stones. 
GYOKDTAI * ^ 9 Z 4 % (t<nn<i iw karndo) n. 

The pearly body (spoken only of the body or 

person of the Mikado). 
GYOKU-SEKI =V* 3 9 -fe ^ ^i/f? n. Precious stone, 

jewel, gem ; also gem and stone, (met.) the 

precious and vile. 
GYOKUTO *$ 3 9 \> 5: jfe n, (Lit. the pearly 

hare) The moon. 
GYOKUZDI ^*3^^>f i^n. Chalcedony, or 

onyx. 
GYONEN ^ -V 3. ^ ft %. n. The years of one's 

age (used only of one dead). 
GYORETSU ^ -V # ^ y ft $>] n. Procession ; 

ranks, parade: sum, to parade, march, 

or go in procession. 
GYORIN tf 3 9 v <0 g^ n. The scales of a fish ; 

an order of battle. 
GYORUI *f 3 >u >f ^?. |^ n. The fish class of 

living things; fishes : wo tatsu, to abstain 

from fish. 
IGYORYO ^- a 9 "V ^ ^. P n - A dove color (of 

clothes worn by the Tenshi). 
GYORA A-^^^ ^ f ifc Conduct; actions; 

doings ; works. 
GYOSAN ^-V^D-v ^p 0| (coll.) Very many; 

amazingly great: am, there are a great 

many; nn koto wo iu, or, mono wo ni 

in, to exaggerate. 

Syn. TAISO. 
GYOSEI ^-y tj ;b 4 Jfc <^ n. Condition ; state ; 

aspect of affairs: t<>ji no tea nu/ a frofo, 

affairs were never in such a state as at present. 

Syn. ARIRAMA. K 
GYOSKI ^-* -y ^ -te >f ^f $[ Excculivo or ndniin- 

istrativo functions: bn, 

ken, executive ] 
GYO-SEI ^-V ^ -te -f ft $. n. A plnnct. 
GYOSEKI ^-y i) M. % ft 5& n. Conduct ; actions ; 

doings. Syn. r.yojo. 
GYOSHA ^a^'V <!fp^f n. A driver, coachman, 

chari 

UN tf a i" v ftp 83 (fu//i no urmnri) 

Sleop (01. ,:nperor). 

Y ^ ^ 3 ^f ^r n - A mode of writ- 
ing tli) Chinese cliaracter more contracted 

tluin tlif /UII>/K>. 
; QTOSVI ^V>^'f ^f /K n - Bathing with 

warm water. 



GYO 



120 



HAB 



*? 3 ft j $ v 4g n. An ornament, bag 
or badge of rank worn by nobles. 

GYOTAI -/ t? $ >f <#?/,' n. Congelation; solidi- 
fication ; (ineil.) a tumor, or hard swelling : 
sum, to harden, congeal ; stiffened; to adhere; 
to be stubborn. 

GYOTEI tfWTJ J f! n. (coll.) Business; 
occupation: on wa nani wo nasarimasu, 
what is your occupation ? 

GYOTEN **??? 7 ' * jfp ^ (coll.) suru, to be 
amazed, astonished, surprised. 
Syn. BIKKURI. 

GYOTO ^ 3 h # $5 *fo n. Fish-oil. 

GYOTTO 4? * 7 1 ft adv. In an astonished, 
surprised manner; odoroite nirjeru. 



GYO-U 3r 3 # ftp ^ n. During the reign. 
Syn. YO, MIYO. 

GYOYO A' 3 4 # '$?:& (o asobi) n. Amusement; 
play; sport (only spoken of the Mikado). 

GYO i\' # (s/t/) n. An ox, cow: niku, beef; 
ba, cow and horse; vyl, milk. 

GYOHEI ^ n i> -x 4 |$ f /c. u . Volunteer 
soldiers ; militia. 

GYUHI ^ T> b if )JC Ox hide ; a kind of con- 
fectionery. 

GYOTO ^ # b # 4- :jff[ (iw/ii fcas-o) n. Vaccine 
disease : wo item, to vaccinate. 

GYOTO tf # h adv. i.q. yutto. 



H. 



HA ;> (coll.) Tho odd number, or that which is 
over and above a round number, as: san- 
byaku ha, three hundred and odd, or the 
amount above three hundred ; go-ju yen no ha 
dono kitrai, how much is there over fifty yen ? 
lia dake makerii, I will deduct the odd number. 
Syn. AMARI. 

HA ^ $ u. Wing, feather (used chiefly in 
compounds); a large umbrella anciently carried 
over noblemen : ha-oto, the sound of the 
wings ; ha-iro, color of the feathers ; o ha uchi- 
kara shita rd-nin (prov.), a poor and miserably 
looking vagrant. 

HA ;N n. (coll.) Place; i.q. ba : ynki ha (ja nal, 
no place to go to ; awatete ni<je ha wo nshinnn. 

HA x>> f^ (ynburu) snru, to contradict, 
oppose, defeat ; to break : enzetsu wo motte 
gwai-kyO wo hamirn. 

HA ;\ ^e, n. A rake with iron teeth, used by 
farmers in breaking up clods. 

HA s* ;,?< n. Sect; denomination; party; 
school: na-ni hu, what sect? 
Syn. SHU SHI, RYU. 

HA ,N $$ n.. A tooth ; (ft) the cutting edge 
of a knife, sword, etc.: wo kid shibaru, to 
bite the teeth together, gnash the teeth ; 
no itami, the toothache; go. ukii, the 
teeth are set on edge; ga kawarn, cutting 
the permanent teeth ; (ja hneni, to cut 
teeth ; ga tatann mnnn, a thing too hard for 
the teeth, (fig.) invincible ; ni uirann, not fit 
for the teeth; not agreeable ; mae-ba, incisors ; 
ki-ba, tusks, or canine teeth ; ohu-ba, molar 
teeth; mnshi-ba t a carious tooth; ire-ba, a 
false tooth ; nokogiri no ha, the teeth of a saw; 
katana no ha, the edge of a sword, or knife ; 
ha wo nukn, to extract a tooth; IPO koku, 
to break off u tooth; wo miyuku, to clean 



the teeth ; tro kiti nhibaru, to close the 
teeth tightly ; kurnma no , the cogs of a 
wheel, also the rim or felloe. 

HA ^ p n. A leaf: ki no , leaf of a tree; 
kouo ha, id. 

HA-ARI s\ T 9 #! i$ n. A winged ant. 

HABA s\,i n. The breadth: wa ni shakn, 
the breadth is two feet ; hnba wo snru, to take 
up all the room; to crowd others out; VKIC- 
haba, the breadth in front ; yokn-)ia ba, breadth. 

HABAKARAWASHIKI.-KU >>> ^* -ft =) >\ */ % adj. 
Ashamed ; backward ; exciting awe, reverence : 
=habakarti bcki; oinon, to feel reverential. 

HABAKAP.I.-RD >>/*^nx >|Tp i.v. and t.v. To 
fear, dread; to be backward, ashamed: aya- 
niattc. aralavmru ni habakarn koto nakare, 
having committed an error, don't be afraid to 
correct it; liabakari nagara, I fear, or I con- 
sider it rude to say so, but (a respectful phrase 
used in apologizing for what one is about to 
say, or do),=excuse me, beg pardon for ; haba- 
kari de gozarimasu, much obliged to you; 
thank you ; liabakari ni yuku, to go to the 
privy. 

Syn. OSORERU. 

HABAKI j\,f% fr%n. The metal ring which 
fastens the sword-blade to the handle. 

HABAKI s\,i% HI ij? n. Leggings. 
Syn. K YAH AN. 

HABAMT,-MU ^/'.B. -JJ1 t.v. To oppose, prevent, 
resist. Syn. KOBAMU. 

HABARI ^>/*>J '77^|- n. A lancet: wo sasu, 
to lance. Syn. HIRABARI. 

HABATAKI j\,* n % n. Flapping the wings: 
snru. 

HABATTAI /N , N y ft 4 (coll.) Filled full; too 
large for the mouth : kuchi ni , the mouth 
stuffed full. 



HAB 



121 



HAD 



HABERi,-r.u s\stji> f3f? i.v. To attend or wait 
upon ; to serve (used only as a substantive 
verb ; to be, to have, same as sr>n~>) : -ware sei- 
jin no soba ni huberite, I being at the side of 
the sngp ; habtrinn, pret.; Jiabcran, fut. 

HABI ^ l/ $ fl A contraction for han no hi, 
the odd days of the month. 

HAIUKORI,-RU ^ tf 3 ^ $$ & i- v - To spread ; to 
multiply, increase, extenil, disseminate ; (met.) 
to be arrogant, conceited; to become more 
powerful : knsa ga habikotta, the grass has 
spread all about; deki-mono fja habikotta, the 
eruption has spread; ano hito wa habikotte 
orn, that man is puffed up, or, makes a swell; 
$hilshi ga , the sect spreads. 

Syn. FUERU, SHIOERU, HIROOARU. 

UA-RHKI s^,itr * 7ft 3 A feather brush. 

u. Drying the feathers (as a 



>> -tf- fg n. Cabbage. 

A kind of snake common in 



4HABOSHI ' 
wet bird). 

HABOTAN 

HABU ;\y n 
Leu-kou. 

HABCKARERU f\-f-)j\^f^ fl pass, of habuku : 
nnn hito wa nakavia wo habiikareta, that man 
has been left out of the company. 

HABCKI.-KU >^~f 9 ^u t.v. To lessen, diminish, 
curtail ; to shorten ; to reduce in number or 
quantity ; to deduct, subtract ; to abbreviate ; 
to elide, abridge, cut off, insulate : kazn wo 
, to lessen the number ; taiiie wo , to re- 
duce expenses ;ji no kakn iro , to abbreviate 
a word (in writing) ; orjori wo , to curtail 
extravagance in living; nakama wo , to 
dismiss or turn out of a company. 

!]. HERASU, GENZURU, OEN-8HO SURU, 

-f*r n. A bellows. 

i. FUIOO, FUKIOAWA.. 

u ^ 7* 9 t.v. To flap the wings 
(as a bird in flying). 

?HAnuRA8E,-RD s^y'j'teA' caust. of habitri, to 
transport to an island (as a criminal) ; to 
throw one's self away. 

"i f^-f 9 Ifl jfa n. The flapping of wings; 
(met.) power, influence, authority : ga 
yoknnatta. 

HI f\-/f) *f.Jfcn. The form or appear- 
ance of a loaf : kono tabako no tea warni. 

- VN;//U i.v. To flap the wings ; to 
overflow (as a river). 

'<* 4fe 5 n - Tnc teeth, in respect 
to > -omcnt, color, etc.: gn tKinjoi, 

- ga !/"'. fic twtli. 
T-SHI f^ -f ^ n. Wing: ni kai-komu, 

the wingH. 

rA j\ ? ft ^ % ^ J n. A kind of white 
ilk f 

i /Nf- adj. Eight: har.hi . ; j. 

i teen ; tabi, ci 
Syn. YATBO. 

(roll.) T'srl in (ho j.lir.-iHo. liaclti ni 
mm, in turn fiff or diiniM ficni t iii]il<iy ; to 
ik an engaprmrnt : hachi ni t<n 

l.ntta, id. 
HACUI />f- ^ n. A bowl, pot, basin: ut 1111,1 



>io , the skull ; ueki no , a flower-pot ; 7/i- 
bachi, a brazier; kibachi, a wooden bowl; 
ueki ni , two pots of flowers ; awase wo 
snrn, to bump heads. 

HACHI s^*f- j$ n. A bee, wasp: mit*u-bachi t 
the honey-bee; kuma-bachi, a bumble-bee; 
no sn, a bee-hive ; 710 7iari, the sting of a 
bee. 

HACHIBAI ;\f- ,? 4 >\fe n. Eight-fold. 

HACHIGANE xNf- #%. n. Frontlet of a helmet. 

HACHI-OWATSU j\ f- $ 7 y A ^ The eighth 
month; August. 

HACHIKU t\ + 9 $j Vr n. A kind of bamboo. 

HACHIKU ^+9 f& Vr The splitting of a 
bamboo: ikioi hachiku no gatoku, a force or 
power which breaks whatever opposes it as 
easy as splitting a bamboo. 

HACHIMAKI ^\f-^^ n. A handkerchief tied 
around the head; a turban. 

HACHI-MAN ^Nf-rv A $ n. Eight myriads; 
eighty thousand. 

HACHIMAN j\ i - ^ ^ A }$ An Emperor of Japan 
of the 16th dynasty (about A.D. 275), in whoso 
reign the Chinese classics and art of weaving 
were introduced into Japan. He is now wor- 
shipped as the god of war. 

^HACHIMAN-ZA s\ f- * ^ -p n. The topmost pnrt 
of the helmet, where the god of war was 
supposed to dwell. Syn. TEHI:\. 

HACHI-MITSU >^f \ ? ^ $ n. Honey. 

HACHIMOJI >>f-^?? A^p n. The character 
for eight (>>N) : wo fitmu, to walk with the 
toes turned in ; parrot-toed. 

HACHIMONO > f- qe } n. Grilled, stewed or 
roast mefit. 

HACHIXIN-OEI -^ f- ^ *f J( A A t5 n A 
ventriloquist ; ventriloquism. 

HACHISU >>Nf-^ ? n. The Lotus. 
Syn. HKNGE, HARU. 

HACHI-TATAKI ^ f- ft ft % $ Pp n. A begging 
priest who goes about beating a metal bowl, 
or a bell. 

HADA ^ ft" fill n. The naked body ; the bare 
surface; the skin; the shoulder: kataJnuln 
nuidc. fldgoto wo sum, baring one shouldrr to 
work; moro-hada nugi, both shoulders 1 
kdtuna no }tada, the naked blade of a sword; 
ki no h<idu, the body of a tree (the bark re- 
moved); hfida no /ft/rot 7/i'fo. a man with a 
black skin ; inoto yori otoko no wo fnrenai, 
never h;id carnal intercourse with a man. 

Syn. HADAK, KAWA. 

HADA-AI >"./7b n. The texture of thopkin; 
disposition: no arai hito, a 
ba-l ti ii^i't red person. 

HAI.VK f^yf ^ ft n. Thn hnmnn skin (same as 
h.ttl i) : khi no lut<lir, a brnutiful nkin. 

i /N ft' .\f /j'l^f n. A garment worn next 
'.in ; tlio wliiit. 

IlAi'AKA ^ yf 1j fli Naked; bare: kimono wo 
/, _ , ,, off the clothes find 

become naked; ano hito tea de i;//, tint 
nun is nnlu'il : ni rliitr tarjaiti, to search 
one by stripping off his clothes. 



HAD 



122 



HAG 



HADAKAMUGI ;> if # A *? n. Eye. 

HADAKARI,-RU s^jfU * i.v. To be open wide: 
hddakari ni tatsti, to stand with the legs wide 
apart ; hore wo kilcu ni asamasJiiku me kuchi 
hadakarite oboyu, when they heard this, they 
opened wide their eyes and mouth (in astonish- 
ment). 

HADAKA-UMA ^ $f u # -r n. A bare-backed 
horse ; a horse without a saddle. 

HADAKE.-RU s^jf'fA' t.v. To open; to un- 
cover ; to stretch apart, stretch open : futokoro 
wo , to bare the breast ; me wo , to open 
the eyes wide ; kuchi wo , to stretch open 
the mouth. 
Syn. HIRAKU. 

HADAMI j\ # * JJfc # n. The naked body : 
wo yurusu, to yield to the embraces of another 
(spoken of a woman) ; also (fig.), to lay open 
one's whole heart to another ; mamori bukuro 
wo ni tsukete hanasanu. 

HADAN J^jfy $ f$. n. Breaking, or violation 
of, one's word or promise; yakusoku wo ni 
suru, to break a promise or contract; engumi 
ga ni natta, the marriage contract is broken 
off. 

Syn. YABURU, SOMUKU, KOWARE. 

HADANKYO ;> ;jr v ^ -V # GJS.^"- An almond. 
HADANUQI,-GU >^jf?. >/ |J[ i- v - To be bare, or 

naked to the waist : hadanuite oru, to be 

naked to the waist. 

IHADARA I f\ *f 9 adj. Scattered ; not close to- 
HADARE Jgether: yuki nifuru. 

Syn. MABARA. 
HADASE y-ts f n. Bare-back: ni noru, 

to ride bare-back ;=hadaka-uma. 
HADASHI >\jf$, ^5 . Bare-footed: de 

aruku. 
fHADATAcni ^#21- n. Cutting the skin or 

flesh; wounding: iki no , cutting the skin 

of a living person. 
HADA-TSUKE J^jfyjr %& n. The pad beneath 

the saddle ; also a shirt or garment worn next 

the skin ; a purse or wallet. 

Syn. HADAGI, JIBAN. 

HADATSUKI ;> # y * n. Texture of the skin. 

HADE ^ 3* adj. Gay ; fine ; gaudy ; showy : hade- 
na kimono, gay clothing ; hade-sha, a person 
fond of dress ; a fop ; hade-ni kiru, to dress 
gaily. 

Syn. HANAYAKA, DATE. 

HAE or HAYU ;> n n. The minnow or dace ; 
Leuciscus elongatus. 

HAE ^ 01 $> Bright ; brilliant ; splendid : 
asabac, appearing best at sunrise; yubae, 
looking best at sunset; liae nni waza da, not 
a respectable business; di naru wo motte hue 
to sum, pride themselves in having it large. 

HAE ^^ n. A fly ; i.q. hai. 

HAE ;> "x n. A pile, heap : makibae, wood- 
pile. 

fHAE t\x. n. Eclipse of moon or sun. 

HAE,-RU ^ ^ >\. t.v. To stretch, spread out ; 
ito wo ; node wo . 

fHAE,-Ru ^ ^ ^ j$ i.v. To shine ; to be bright; 
to look well ; to make a fine appearance. 



HAE.-RU 's ^ ^ i.v. To grow, as grass ; to 
sprout up, shoot up : kusa ga hueta, tho 
grass has sprouted; hiyoko ga haeta, the chick 
has come out of the shell ; knmi ga huetti, tho 
hair has grown out (where it once was shaved 
off); kabi ga haeta, it has moulded; ha ga 
haeta, has cut its teeth. 
Syn. OIRU. 

HAE.-RU J\~*A' t.v. To pile up; to arrange 
in a pile : tawara ico , to pile up bags (of 
rice); nimotsu too , to pile up goods. 
8311. TSDMU. 

HAEBAESHIKI,-KU-SHI ^,i^ ^ * adj. Bright ; 
brilliant ; splendid. 

HAEGIWA ^ ^ ^/> ^ (^ n. The edge or border 
of the hair. 

Syn. KEGIWA, KAMIGIWA. 

HAE-SAGARI.-RU ^ ^ $ -ft >\* $& i.v. To grow 

downwards. 
tHAETsuKi,-KD ^ x. y ? i.v. To be eclipsed: 

hi ga liaetfinkiirit. 

HAFU s* 7 $fc M. n - Tne gable of a house. 
tHAFDRAKAsm,-8U>'>7 7 *^ t.v. To disregard ; 

to cast away. 
|HAFORE,-RU J^-? \sA* i.v. To become poor, or 

mean ; to deteriorate. 
Syn. OCHIBURERD. 
HAFURI ^7 ; jj n. A priest of a Shinto 

temple: ko, id.; m^, a priestess. 
HAFURI.-RD j^y n- i.v. To move or clap the 

wings (as a bird in flying). 
|-HAFURI,-RO ^ 7 ** i.v. To flow, overflow : to 

spread over (as a river). 
IHAFURI ^ 7 9 (humnri) n. A funeral. 
fHAFURi.-RU ^ 7 ^ t.v. To bury, inter. 
JHAFDRI-MONO J^ 7 y ^E ) n. Articles used at 

a funeral. 
HAGAK >\-fi ' ^ n. Shedding the feathers, or 

leaves ; moulting. 
HAGAI ^ if b ^ n. The wing or feather of a 

bird. 

Syn. HANE, TRUBASA. 

HAOAKI s* if % ^ ^ n. A memorandum ; a 

note ; also *fe 1% a postal card. 
HA-GAMI ^N if S 5^ ^f n. Grinding or gnashing 

the teeth ; wo sum, to gnash the teeth. 
HAGAMI,-MU s^fr A i.v. (coll.) To be ashamed; 

diffident; backward; shy: hagandf. makkiina 

kao wo guru, to be diffident and blush. 

Syn. HAZUKASHIGARU. 

HAGANE ^ if 3- $fl n. Steel. 

HAGARE,-RU ;^ if \s fr yfc $\ pass, of hagu. To 
be stripped of clothes, or bark : tfizokn ni 
kimono wo hagareta, to be stripped of clothes 
by thieves. 

HAGASHI.-SU ;> if ^ t.v. $] To strip off, flay, 
pull off, denude, make bald: atama ivo . 
Syn. HEGASU. 

HAGASUMI ^if^l ^^ n. The dirt which 
collects on the teeth. 
Syn. HAGUSO. 

HA-GATAME s^ if jt * $j g] n. Hardening tho 
teeth ; a cake of mochi, made in tho shape of 
a mirror, eaten on new year's day: no 
kiisuri, medicine good for the teeth. 



HAG 



123 



HAG 



HAGAYUI.-KI-KU-SHI ;>#3.>r jgj f$ adj. Itch- 
ing of the teeth ; setting the teeth on edge ; 
the excitement felt in beholding a contest of 
any kind, and desire to help the weaker party ; 
the desire to try one's hand at what others are 
doing ; itching to interfere : hagayuku omou, 
hagnynkite naranu. 

Syil. MODOKASHIKU OMOU. 

HAGE.-RU / A- t.v. To fix the arrow to the 
bow. 

HAGE,-RU J^f** i.v. To be bald, bare, de- 
nuded, stripped, divested of covering ; to peel 
off; to clear off : atama ga hageta, head has 
onie bald; nete ini uchi ni futon ga hageta, 
while sleeping the cover got off ; t<so ga hageta, 
the lie is exposed; nntshi ga hageta, the 
varnish has peeled off ; kabe ga hageta, the 
plaster has fallen of! ; hi ga , the sun has 
come out. 
Syn. AMERU. 
ATAMA ^ y f ft -* n. A bald-head. 

HAOEMASHI,-SD ^y-r^ fflj t.v. To urge on, 
incite, stimulate, quicken, rouse up; to ani- 
mate, encourage: ki wo hagemasit, to rouse 
the spirits ; koe wo , to speak with a loud 
and stern voice. 

HAGEMI.-MU ^ f A 8U i.v. To exert one's 
self; to strive at; to be diligent, assiduous, 
ardent, zealous in doing : shigoto wo hagemn, 
to be diligent in business; hagende gakumon 
wo turn, to study with zeal. 

Syn. FUMPATSU BUBU, 8EI WO DASU, TSUTO- 
MERU. 

HAQEMI-AI,-AU s^tf *7b 5&^ i.v. To strive 
together for anything ; to vie with each other ; 
to contend for. 

HAOEBHII.-KI-KU />-/^>f tf\ adj. Violent; 
vehement ; furious ; severe, as of wind, rain, 
fire, waves, anger, ete. 
Syn. TSUYOI, KIBISHII, ARAL 

HAOEYAMA x>y-Y^r n. A mountain bare of 
vegetation ; bald-mountain. 

' N ^ i$ n. The Lespedeza, or bush 
clover. 

' N ^ M n. The shin: fuknra-hagi, calf 
of the leg ; no hone, the tibia, shin-bone. 

HAOI.-GU ^ / %} t.v. To skin, flay, peel off, 
denude ; to strip off the skin or clothes : kaica 
IPO , to skin ; knrai wo , to deprive of 
rank; kimono wo ; mi no kawa haide mo 
afjfrn ki jti, though I have to strip off my own 
kin I will fcive it. 

Syn. MUKD, NUOA8KBU, MEKURU. 

ou ^ / t.v. To patch ; to join flat things 

tln-r; to veneer; to face with different 

: ita wo , to patch, or join boards 

together ; haiji-hniji no kimono, clothes made 
; tate wo , to made a shield. 

M. T8COU. 

oo ^ ? M\ t.v. To feather an arrow : 
ya tco ; tutru wo , to fasten the string to 
the bow. 

Ko;x^7an. (coll.) Patched clothes; 

irk. 
;uo ^X*i u. Trowsers ; leggins. 



HAQIRI s\^ >; $3 l# n. Gritting, or gnashing 
the teeth: nete tco SUM/, to grit the teeth 
in sleep. 

HAQISHIUI s\ ^ i, >; \fl ^ n. Gritting, or gnash- 
ing the teeth. 

HAGITORI,-RU s\ ^f ). *, t.v. To strip off tho 
clothes, and take them (as robbers). 

HAGI-YERI ;\^ai 9 n. A collar faced with 
other material, as : birodo no , a collar, the 
outside of which is faced with velvet. 

HAGO >> 3* 3$ ^ n. A kind of trap for catch- 
ing birds : wo kakeru, to set a trap. 

HAGO ;Mf J$ % n. A shuttle-cock. 

HAGO-ITA j\3j 9 3ft % fa n. A battledoor. 

HAGOKU y> 3* 9 f$ f^ (ruyaburi) Breaking out 
of jail. 

HAGOKUMI.-MU ;N rf 9 A f| t.v. To rear ; to 
bring up (by feeding); to nourish, support; to 
cover with the wings (obs.) : shoni wo , to 
rear up a child. 

Syn. SODATERU, YASHINAU. 

HAGOROMO ;N a* p qe %fl fe n. Feather garments, 

especially those worn by Tennin. 
HAGOTAE yNrf^rjc. ^fg n. Hard to the teeth ; 

hard to chew : tufu wa ga nai, tdfn is easy 

to chew. 
HAGUCHI-GOE ^>/f-n'^ n. A compost mado 

of night-soil, loam, and straw. 
HAGUKI s\ ? % ^ n. The gums. 
IHAGUKUMI.-MU ^ / 9 A t.v. Same as hago- 

knmu. 
HAGUMA j\ ? v fa at 11. A white bear; a white 

tassel fixed on the head of a spear. 
HAGUNSEI j^ '/t/^&j f& ^ J[ n. Tho con- 
stellation " Great Bear." 
HAGDRAKASHI,-SU ** ? J -h 1 ?* caust. of hagurr. 

To strip off, denude ; to tease, make sport of, 

jeer. 
HAGURE,-RU >N/U>U ^ i.v. To be stripped 

off, made bare, denuded, uncovered, separated; 

to run to one side, fly the track ; to escnpn : 

kimono ga , to be stripped of one's clothes; 

tsure ni Juigurete hitori de kita, losing my 

companion by the way I have come alone; 

futon ga , the quilt is off. 

Syn. SORERU. 
HAGURI,-RU ;\ $>* *> % *- v ' To turn over a 

covering ; to turn up, or uncover : hon wo , 

to fold over the leaf of a book; futon wo ha- 

gutte mini, to turn down the bed quilt and 

look. 
HAOURO ;>?" o ft<J ^ n. The black dye nsnl 

by Japanese married women iu staining tho 

Syn. KANK. 

IHAOUROME ^ / p j* n. The black stain for- 
merly used on tho teetb. 

Syn. KANE. 
I IlA<;muMA ^ <? A> -r n. Winged chariot (such 

aa the gods rode upon). 

HAOUBA >\ / if n. Tares, weedn : inc no aru 
ga flotoku, like tares mixnl \\itli 

o /% / y n. Tho dirt or tartar which 
collects on tlir teeth. 
Syu. 



HAH 



124 



HAI 



HAHA > v j$- n. Mother : haha-bun, like a 
mother, the part of a mother; haha-kata no 
shinrui, relations on the mother's side. 

Sjn. OKKASAN, O-FUKUKO. 

HAHAGO ^ v a" :=mother ; (used only by child- 
ren in speaking of the mother) : no go-sai- 
go, the death of cur mother. 

HAIIAKI j\ \ ^ ^ n. A broom; same as huki. 

HAHAKIGI ;N v % tf n. Eochia scoparia. 

HAHAMOJI ^ v ^ i? u. Mother ; (used only by 
women in writing). 

HAHON ^fci/ *f 4^ n - An imperfect book; an 
incomplete or broken set of books. 

HAI ^ 4 #! n. A fly : no hana, the pro- 
boscis of a fly; ga amai mono ni takaru, 
the flies collect on sweet things ; too on, to 
drive away flies. 

HAI ^ 4 vfc n. Exclam. used in answering ; 
same as 7/<%=yes ; to henji sum. 

HAI s^J /^ n. Ashes : ishi-bai (stone ashes) 
lime ; hai wo kakinarasu, to level the ashes 
(in a brazier). 

HAI ^ J( ffi n. The lungs : hai no zo, the 
lungs ; hut kinsho, inflammation of lungs. 

HAI ^ >f ^J A wine cup ; full ; everywhere ; all 
over: ippui, one cup; ni hai, two cups; san- 
bai, three cups ; chaw an shi-hai no mizu, four 
tea cups full of water; wo fnknmn, to drink 
wine; tai-hai, a large cup ; ippai ni tsngu, to 
fill it ; ni narn, to become full ; tsuki ippai, 
one full month; Tokyo ippai ni hirogaru, to 
spread all over Tokyo. 

HAI ^M f| (ogamu) To bow reverently; to 
worship : wo sum, to bow, worship. 

HAI vN>f /|* sum, to abandon, give up, 
throw aside, leave off, put away ; to abolish, 
abrogate, disannul, repudiate: gakumon wo 
haisuru, to abandon study; kurai wo , to 
depose from rank ; han wo , to abolish the 
Daimiates; kisoku wo . 
Syn. SUTERU, YAMERU. 

HAI >>N j $fc guru, to be defeated ; to bo 
broken, discomfited, routed: teki no gunzei 
go, haishita, the army of the enemy was 
routed. 

Syn. YABURERU, MAKERU. 

HAI ;\ 4 fjt sum, to match, equal, compare 
to ; to mate, join together: sono toku wa hi no 
hikari ni hai-su, his virtue is equal to the 
light of the sun. 

fHAi >Nb n. The root: hasu no . lotus- 
root. 
Syn. RENKON. 

HAI,-AU <r\7 ffl1&l i.v. To creep, crawl : hat te 
kuru, to creep and come ; mimizu no, michi ico 
hatte Jcoeta, the worm has crawled across the 
road; 7tau mnshi, a. creeping thing. 

HAI-AGARI,-RU >" b 7 tf *- & _h t.v. To ascend 
by creeping ; to creep up. 

HAI-BAN j\j sfs/ i3 n. Cups and plates : 
rozeki, the cups and plates were mingled 
in confusion. 

HAIBO ;M ,* J - (make-horobirn) sum, 
to be routed, scattered and destroyed. 

HAI-BOKU ^ J # ? fa fa (make-nigeru) n. 



n - A safe to protect 
n - (nicd.) Emphysema 
Armor for the 



n. 



A ^ a ^ for worship 
(itadaki-yomu) : 



Defeat: snnt, routed; put to flight; dis- 

persed. 

Syn. HAISO. 

HAIBUKI ^ J -7" % f^. fJC n Silver ingots. 
HAIBUN ^N^f^'v E.^* (kubnri-wakerit) sum, 

to distribute, apportion, divide, share. 
HAIBUTSU ^ 4 '/ y ]@ ^7 (*utare mono) A use 

less thing; something only fit to be cast away. 
HAICHO ^ >f f- -Y # ^ $fl Ceasing from govern- 

ment or public business, as on the death of 

an imperial prince. 
HAICHO 'M f"V 

food from insects. 
HAICHO ^ 4 <j- -V ^ 

of lungs. 
HAIDATE J^ 4 p*?' 

thighs. 
HAIDEN -N >f =r 

in front of a Miya. 
HAIDOKU ^ >f b* p 3% * 

siiru, to reverently read. 
HAIDOKU ^ J h* 9 ^ $ n. A fly-poison. 
HAI-EN >\ 4 *. v ^i ^ n. (med.) Pneumonia ; 

i.q. hdi-kinshtl. 
HAI-ETSU s^ 4 *.? f^ f (let.) suru, to look, 

to see ; to present one's self : wo togeru. 
HAIFCKI si 4 ~7 % ffc. ^ n. A section of bamboo 

used for blowing the tobacco ashes into a 

spittoon. 
HAIOA ^ >f if f| ^I (fl *l*ugi moshi-agern) 

Felicitation, or congratulation to superiors: 

snru, to felicitate, congratulate. 
HAIOAKO j^ >f if 9 % % (gakumon wo yamem) : 

sum, to abandon study; cease learning ; 
hisashiku itashintashita, I have for a long 
time ceased to study. 

HAIOAN -^ >f if ^ ft $ sum, to meet, see, 

(polite). 
HAIOO ^ 4 ** -7 fit ^ sum, to match, pair, 

mate ; join together in one ; to couple together: 

fufu wo sum. 
HAIGO s^ >f a* n. Eggs of a fly ; fly-blow : 

wo tsnita, fly-blown. 
HAIGO >> >f >/ ^ Qt j^ n. A couple, pair, 

match ; a spouse : snru to unite, as in 

marriage; wo usliinau. 
HAIGUN >>f ? ^ fa ^ (maUe-iTtuta) writ, 

to be routed, defeated : ni narn. 
HAIGTO s\ /{ y 7 $ ^ (nariwai wo yameru) 

Giving up or closing one's business ; throwing 

up one's occupation. 
HAI-IRI ;\ u >f } ) n. Creeping into; a low 

entrance into a house. 
HAI-IRI,-RD ^ u >f ^ t.v. To creep into. 
HAI-IRO ^N >f v p / ^, n. Ash-color ; gray. 
HAIJIN ^ 4 & ^ % A n. An invalided or 

disabled person. 
HAIJIN ^ >f H? v ^ A n. A teacher, or pro- 

fessor of hfiikai. 
HAIJD s^ J =L f ^ ^ (i'fada&u) nru, to 

respectfully receive (from a superior). 
HAIKA ^^ >f ^ HIL "f n. The persons under the 

command or jurisdiction of another ; subjects : 

wdga hdika no hei, the troops under my 

command ; ni zoku suru. 



HAI 



125 



HAI 



HAIKAI ->M D >f j# f n. A kind of verse or 

poetry of seventeen syllables. 
HAIKAN ^ >f * J- ftp gf (lit. lungs and liver) 
fig. wo kudaku, to do with great mental 

labor, or pains ; wojni-nuku, to see tlirougb 
a person. 
HAIKEI ;\ 4 y >f f ^ ^ I respectfully state ; 

beg to say, (used only in the beginning of 

a letter). 

HAIKEN s* 4 >r ^ 3* 5L snru, to look, see 
-pectful, to be used only in speaking of 

one's self) : ita*hit5 gozaimasu, I would like 

to see it, if you please ; o-zashiki wo shitai, 

I wish to see your parlor. 
UAIKI y\>f % Jg ^ (suteru) iiru, to reject; 

not to pass (us u proposition to a deliberative 

body): gian wo sum. 

HAI-KOMI,-MU ->\ b 3 A it i> t.v. To creep into. 
HAIKWAI ^ 4 9 y >f ftfc fte] (tachi-motdru) 

turn, to go about ; to ramble; to roam, rove, 

wander about ; going hither and thither ; 

prowling about : kono goro wa tozoku ga 

thite orit, at present robbers are prowling 

about. 
HAIKYOSIIA J^ 4 >r 1) *s *? 11^^ (o$hie ni 

sonuiku mono) n. An apostate; one who 

has forsaken the faith. 
HAI-MATOI,-OU > b -r f 7 ^ S& t.v. To creep 

around ; wind around (as a vine). 
HAIMEZ t\ 4 j* J 3% ^v Receiving an appoint- 
ment to office: gliokikwan ni sum, to be 

appointed to the office of secretary. 
BATMEN ^ 4 * ^ 1? S5 (^ ao wo somnkern) 

Having the back towards; turning the back 

towards ; the back, rear. 

1. CSHIRO-MTKI. 

x ^ 4 * ^ || ft) (o me ni kakaru) To see, 
or meet : wo tojt-rn. 
HAIMTO ^ >f s *r $ $ n. The fictitious 

name subscribed to a luiikai. 
HAI-NOBORI,-RU ^ b ) tf * i 1 To creep up ; 
ascend by creeping (as a snake). 

-;ni ->N 4 % J^ 5ft $fc n. A small shovel 
used for adjusting tint aslics in a brazier. 
HAIKAN ^ ^ ^ ^ f ^ % Same as Junken. 
HAiiu8E,-RO, ^ 4 7 -fe A' caust. of hairu, to 
make, or let entr r into : hito wo ie ni , to let 
a person enter the house. 

-f ^ 4 ?% ?2 n. The worship of a 
me being: kami wo guru, to worship 

8yn. REIHAI. 

THU >\ 4 \s > # ^ij (narabe tonarnt) 
turn, to ariango ; to set or place in order. 

.-no 'M A* X i.v. (coll.) To r.nt. : 
int< CMiit.-un: yn ni , to take a 

liot bath ; if. ni , to go into : hebi 

c snake has gone into the 
kama ye , to ( ipany ; me 

m fjomi fju haitta, lias Kt du-t in tit 
kono cliatcan ira inizii //<i mini 
Low much water will this cup hold? 

' $$ ft u. (ined.) Consumption ; 
iaia. 



HAI-RU ^>fn- fili^n. Banishment; si/rw, 
to banish, exile: kimi ni hairu serareta, 
banished by his prince ; 710 mi 

Syn. SHIMA-NAGASHI. 

HAIRYO ^ J 9 -v $ f| $% sum, to respect- 
fully receive, as a present from a master, or lord. 
Syn. CHODAI. 

HAIRYO ^ >f 93 fit $ (*o^'0''o tco ZrubarM) 
Care ; anxiety ; solicitude ; concern ; trouble : 

ni oyobazu. 

HAISATSU s^J-q-y fit ^L (Imbari fuda) q. A 
charm distributed to the worshippers of a 
temple. 

HAISEKI j\ 4 -fe ^ ^ ft (harai shirizokent) 

sum, to oppose, withstand ; to drive away ; 
to check (as by argument). 

HAISEN >N >f -b ^ $ fa n. A basin for wash- 
ing cups,=o sumanlii. 

HAISETSD ^4 T&y %} ^tf ,//a/,-i kudashi) Vomit- 
ing and purging: .%ru, to vomit and purge 
(as in cholera) ; butsu, the discharges. 
Syn. TOSHA. 

HA-ISHA >>>f S^-Y ^ n. A dentist. 

HAISHAKD s^ 4 ^ -V 9 f^iu ( '''"''*' wid<u) 
Borrowing, or respectfully requesting another 
to lend : hon wo sum, to borrow a book ; 
kane wo snru, to borrow money ; luiisltaku 
kin, borrowed money. 

SyU. KARIRU, SHAKUYO. 

HAISHI s^4 S^^* jj-. sitru, to abolish, annul, 

cause to cease, abrogate: ni nunt, to be 

abolished. Syn. YAMERU. 
HATSHI j\ 4 / ^. &. n. A novel ; fictitious 

story-book ; romance. 

Syn. KUSAZOSHI, BHOSETSU. 
fHAisHi.-su ^ 4 "** t.v. To paste anything 

on the bnck of a picture, etc., in order to 

strengthen it. 

Syn. URA UCHI SURU. 
HAISHITSD j\ J Ss y -J& ^ no, maimed ; 

crippled ; disabled. 

HAISHO ^ 4 I* 3 fit % n. A place of banish- 
ment : de yonda uta, poetry composed 

while in banishment. 
HAISHDTSU j\ 4 ^ a. y # & uni, to come 

forth in great numbers ; to swarm forth. 
HAISO ^ 4 y flfc -ft n. (leg.) sum, to 

lose a law suit. 
HAISO 'M y$ &; iru, to flee awaj 

defeated. 

Syn. MAKETK NIOERU, HAIBOKU. 

HAITAI ^ 4 it 4 Uffl$ (kixam) *uru, to 

ng up ; originate (as an evil). 
HAITAKA ^ 4 ft u n. A female fulcon or hawk, 

itiT llisUH. 

HAITATK ^ 4 9 T M ft n. Shield or armor 

for tin- ' 

M.SO /\ 4 fi y fit & *ni, to distribute 
(us letters): uin, a distributer (of let: 
poHtnmn. 



'M * > ftE-ti* (!;i<l-i-at(ni) ftiru, 
. u|.]).n tion, allot, acsigu, share. 

. UAI1JON, WABIT8UKKIIU. 



HAI 



126 



HAK 



HAITOBI r\ >f > 9 n. Fly-poison ; fly-trap. 
HAITORIGUMO ;N J I* 9 / * n. The garden 

spider. 

HAITSUKUBARI s*4 y 9 s* } ) i.q. heitsukubari. 
HAIYAKU j>\ J -V 9 3f jfa (j/a/cu ni somuhu) 

sum, to break a promise, covenant or 
engagement. 

HAIYO s^> J 3 & #$& (med.) n. Pulmonary 

abscess. 
HAIYU s\ J( J $ j# jg (waza-okishi) n. A 

play actor. 

Syn. YAKUSHA. 

HAIZAI s\ 4 rf 4 SE-^Jn. Dispensing medicines; 

consultation of doctors : suru, to dispense 

medicines ; suru, to consult together ; isha 

ga atsumatte haizai shita, the doctors met 

and prescribed. 
HAIZUMI -N J( \ fc j> n. Black paint made 

of powdered charcoal. 
HAJA >>N 5? -Y flfc %$ Destroying the false 

(doctrines) : kensho, destroying the false and 

bringing out the truth. 

HAJAYA ^N^-Y-Y n. A tea-shop; tea-store. 
HAJI s\ <$* |i u. Shame ; disgrace ; reproach : 

wo kuku, to be put to shame; to be 
ashamed; to be disgraced ; naki, without 
shame; tdzoku wo haji to suru, considered 
thieving to be disgraceful ; wo susugu, to 
wipe away a reproach; haji wo kakusu, to 
hide one's ^hame ; hito ni too kakaseru, to 
insult, or put another to shame ; haji wo haji 
to onwwaneba haji kaitaru tameshi nan hi 
(prov.), if a shame is not considered shameful 
there is no need to be ashamed 

Syn. CHIJOKU. 

HAJI j\ ? (coll.) i.q. hashi. 

HAJI.-RU ^Nf-'A- gi i.v. To be ashamed ; to 
feel ashamed ; to be abashed : ano hito ga ha- 
jita, he is ashamed; hajite kitni wo chikuten 
shita, ashamed, he absconded from his 
country. 

Syn. CHIJOKU NI OMOU. 

HAJIGAMASHIKI,-KU s^'FJi-**'* adj. Shame- 
ful ; disgraceful. 

HAJIJIROMI,-MU ^ *? & n A i.v. To be bashful, 
diffident, shy. 

HAJIKAMI >>?# $ 4 1 n. Ginger. 
Syu. SHOGA. 

HAJIKARI,-RU ^ & ft * i.v. To be burst open ; 
to be expanded, spread open: hajikari viata 
de aruku, to walk with the legs spread apart. 

HAJIKASE.-RD s\ & -fj -fe >u caust. of hajiku. To 
cause to or let jerk, etc. 

HAJIKE,-RU ^ ^ jr ^ i.v. To burst or split open 
from inside pressure: meshi wo tanto kntte 
hara ga hajike so da, I have eaten so much 
I feel ready to burst , tawara ga hajiketa, the 
bag has burst. 

Syn. HAZERU, SABAKERU. 

HAJIKI f\ 5? % n. A spring ; a jerk, snap ; a kind 
of game played with the fingers. 

HAJIKI,-KU ^ & 9 ijji t.v. To jerk ; to snap ; to 
cause to move with a sudden spring: yubi 
wo , to fillip ; to snap the finger ; soroban wo 
, to move the balls of the abacus with a 



quick motion ; mizu wo hajiku yo m abitra wo 
hiku, grease it so that it will turn off water ; 
ito wo , to twang a string. 

HAJIKIGANE ^ & % # 3- f ^ n. The hammer 
or cock of a gun-lock ; a spring. 

HAJIMARI ;N 5? ^r 9 %& n. Beginning ; com- 
mencement ; first state or condition ; origin : 
t oshi no , beginning of the year;/u/tm no ; 
ningen no . 

HAJIMARI.-RU s^ s? -^ ^ Ja iv. To be begun ; 
commenced ; originated : fushin ga , the 
building is commenced ; ima yomi-hajhnatta, 
has just now commenced reading ; hajimaranu 
(coll.), to be of no use; Jusaide ottemo luiji- 
marazu, being cast down won't mend it. 

HAJIMK s\ & # %& n. The beginning ; the first 
of any process; the origin ; the commencement : 
toshi no wo gan-jitsu to iu, the beginning of 
the year is called gan-jitsu ; kore wo to su t 
to begin here, or do this first ; hajime-owari, 
beginning and ending ; first and last. 

Syn. 8HOTE, BAISHO. 

HAJIME,-RD j\ & * ^ % t.v. To begin ; to com- 
mence ; originate ; to set about, to enter upon : 
fushin wo hajimeta, have commenced to build ; 
yomi-hajimeta, has begun to read ; kore kara 
hajimete miyo, begin at this place to look. 

HAJIMESASE,-RU ;N 5? * -9- -b n- caust. of 
hajimeru, to cause or let another begin or 
commence to do. 

HAJIMETE j\ j? * J* %j adv. For the first 
time ; at first : o me ni kakaru, I see you for 
the first time; Yokohama ye kita, this is 
my first visit to Yokohama. 
Syn. HATSU NI. 

fHAjiMi8E,-RU ;\ <F \ -te *> t.v. To make 
another feel ashamed. 

HAJIO s* s? j n. Tartar that collects about 
the teeth. 

HAJIRAI.-AU >\ ? *} 7 ^ | i.v. To feel 
ashamed ; bashful. 

Syn. HAZDZA8HIGARU. 

HAJIRO >\ & p 2$ j White winged. 
HAJIRO-KAITSUMUKI >>N2?p*>f5'A9 n. The 

eared grebe, Podiceps auritus. 
HAJISHIRAI.-AU ^ f $/ y y i.v. To be bashful ; 

shy ; diffident. 

Syn. HAZUKASHIGARU. 

HAJISHI s\ & Is n. The gums. 
HAJISHIME,-RU J\'?*'*H' 1%. (coll.) To make 
another feel ashamed ; to disgrace, insult. 

Syn. HAZUKASHIMERU, HAJI WO KAKASURU. 

IHAKA ^\ -ft (ate do) n. A place to go to; 
wandering about without aim or object : 
izuko to naku, no place to go to. 

HAKA ;\ ^ ^ n. A grave, tomb, sepulchre : 
wo horu, to dig a grave ; wo abaku, to 
break open a grave. 

HAKA ^ jj n. This word is only used in com- 
pounds, as : ga yukn, to be rapid, or effi- 
cient in doing; to be expeditious; gayukanu, 
to be slow ; not doing rapidly, or expeditiously ; 
liitori shigoto wa ga yukanu, when work is 
done by a single person it is slow. 

HAKABA s^jj >* | $ n. A cemetery, graveyard. 



HAK 



127 



HAK 



IlAKABAKASHII,-KI-KU >>\ * >t # I" 4 adj. Quick ; 

active ; speedy ; expeditious ; rapid : ku nai, 
to be slow, tedious. 

HAKACHI ^ ->j f- ^ & n. A cemetery, grave- 
yard, buryiug-ground. 

S. II. HAKABA, HAKAWABA. 

HAKAI>ORASE,-RU '\ ft I* 7 -b *- caust. of haka- 
tlorn. To hasten, quicken ; to forward ; to 
n.'celerate ; cause to do with dispatch, or 
rapidity. 

HAKAI>OKI,-RU s\ 1j ^ *- i.v. To be quick ; make 
J ; to be prompt, active : shigoto ga taiao 
hitkndorinutshita, you have doue a great deal 
of work in a short time ; hakadorazn, (neg.) to 
be slow. 
Syn. RACHI OA AKU, HAKA GA YDKU. 

HAKAI s\ % 4 $ $ (imashime wo yaburu) 
Breaking the commaudments of Buddha : 
wo $o t a priest who transgresses the command- 
ments. 

HAKA-JIRUSHX J\J]&A'is ||j^ n. A tomb- 
stone, monument, or anything that marks 
a grave. 

HAKAMA s\ 1j -r ^ n. Pantaloons ; the loose 
trowsers formerly worn by samurai : wo 
haku, to wear trowsers ; no machi, the 
crotch of tlie trowsers ; wo koshi, the board 
on the back of the trowsers ; tcara no , the 
sheath around the stem of wheat. 

HAKAMAOI ; # -r * ^f ^ " The ceremony 
of putting ou the hakama for the first time, 
at the age of 5 years, always celebrated on 
the 15th day of the llth month (o.c.). 

HAKAMAIRI ;N # -r & >; f| ^ n. Visiting the 
tombs for worship. 

HAKAMA ji ,**-*<?- ^fcfc n. The cloth of 
which hakama are made. 

HAKAMORI ^ u q ; | 2f- n. The keeper of 
a cemetery ; a sexton. 

HAKANAI.-KI-SIII >^1i + 4 |$t adj. Frail; 
weak; perishable; fleeting; evanescent; tran- 
.: ; insignificant ; mean ; trivial : hakanaki 
kof, feeble voice ; natsu mitsJii no hi ni iru yori 
htikunaki ictiza wart, it was more evanescent 
than the life of a summer insect flying into 
the fire ; t HOC/I i, fleeting life. 

WAZUKA, KARISOME, CHOTTO, YOWAI, 
MOR01. 

VAKU >\1i + 9 |^*ft adv. id. warn, 
to .: away quickly; kiyuru, to 

vaimh quickly away. 

. MOBOKU. 

\iiAin,-MD ^ u ^ A t.v. To regard as 
evanescent, transient or fleeting. 

UAI /\^ ) b If n. Management; admin- 
itr imacting; direction: watakuthi 

I'kimaten, I cannot do it. 

i AI.-AD * -fj 1 7 |f t.v. To transact, 
manage ; to do, deal with, direct. 

MIAKATUIT, ATBUKAC. 
un s\ #<?**' (canst, of haknrn) 
make or let another weigh, meanure, etc. 

'* H 1 V * * (cau 
*' make or let another transact or 



HAKARAZU ^ * ? - ^ @ (futo) adv. Suddenly; 
unexpectedly : a, to meet unexpectedly. 
Syn. OMOWAZU. 

HAKARI^N^ >; f^ n. A weighing beam, balance; 
scales ; steelyard : wo fundd, the weight of 
a steelyard ; wo ao, the beam of a steel- 
yard ; wo o, the cord by which scales are 
suspended ; wo me, the marks on a steel- 
yard ; no hoshi, id.; nt kakete mint, to 
weigh and see how much. 

HAKARI,-RU s\ jj a- ^ or $ t.v. To weigh ; 
to measure ; to estimate, calculate ; to reckon ; 
to plot, contrive ; to conspire against ; to con- 
sult, commune with; to deceive, take in, cheat, 
impose on : t/wit no fukasa wo hakaru, to 
measure the depth of the sea ; 7io/u no kazu tea, 
hakari-shire nai, the stars cannot be numbered; 
kome ico masu de hakarn, to measure rice; 
tsumori hukaru, to estimate, reckon ; hitowo , 
to deceive a person ; teki wo , to plot against 
the enemy ; tsuma ni , consult with one's wife. 
Syn. TSCMORU, SODAN SURD, DAMASU. 

fHAKARiGocHi,-xsu s\ jj 9 a* ? t.v. To deceive, 
impose upon, delude. 
Syn. AZAMDKU. 

HAKARIGOTO s\ % >; 3' h $ n. A plan, 
scheme, artifice, stratagem : wo megurattt, 
to devise a plan. 
Syn. BOKEI. 

HAKARI-KIRI.-RU s\ -ft 9 ^ ^ 5 S *- Vt ^ 
level of! the top of anything measured ; to 
make it even with the measure ; to strike. 

HAKARIKOMI,-MD ->^ -ft 9 3 A t.v. To measure 
anything and put it into something else ; to 
measure out more than is proper ; over 
measure. 

HAKARI-MUSHI s^-ft 9 A i-* 7\.*{n A kind 
of caterpillar. Syn. SHAKUTORI-MDSHI. 

HAKARIYA j\ # >; -y ^f J n. A maker or seller 
of scales. 

HAKASE ;N * -b 0R 77 n. A sword. 

HAKASE.-RU s\ -ft -te A* t.v. (caust. of haki) To 
cause to vomit or spit out ; to make flow out ; 
to discharge, sell of! ; to make put on tho 
feet, or legs ; to make another sweep : ikf no 
mizu wo , to let out the water from a pond ; 
kitnuri wo noma$fte hakageru, to vomit a 
person with medicine; nimotsu wo , to clear 
out goods (by selling off) ; tabi wo , to make 
one put on his stocking. 

HAKASE s\ -)j -t {^ ^ n. The title of a learned 
man ; a professor. 
Syn. MONOSIIIKI. 

HAKAWARA ^ u } Hflt n. A cemetery, 
tmryinp-pmund. 

Syn. IIAKACHl, MDRRO. 

HAKB.-RU >\>r A* 1%. (the potential mood of) 
haki) Can spit, or vomit : tozni < io;i./- 
h.ikfmasftt, although I have taken an cmctio 
I cannot vomit. 

HAKE.-RU >\>r * tj? (pot. mood of hnli] 
wear, or put ou : knno tabi wa cli 
haktmatrn, these socks are too small, I < 
wear the . U tea hakcru ka, can 

you WMU: these trowtenf 



HAK 



128 



HAK 



HAKE.-RU ^ >r ^ $? (pot. mood of 7wA-t) Can 

sweep ; yoku hakeru hula, a broom that 

sweeps well. 
HAKE s\ jr ffi] fc n. A brush made of bristles ; 

the cue formerly worn by the Japanese, from 

its resemblance to a brush : nori-bake, a paste- 
brush ; hake-saki wo chirasu, to spread out 

the eud of the cue. 
HAKE,-KD ,\ >? ,v ffi te. i.v. To be sold off, 

cleared out, as goods: ito ga hakcta, silk is 

all sold off. 
HAKE ;N >r n. The sale or demand for goods: 

kono sliina wa ga yoi, this article is in great 

demand, or sells well. 
HAKE-KATA vs >r 1] ft n. Demand; sale or 

market for goods : ga Di, the demand is 

great. 
HAKE KUCHI ;N >r 9 ^ ^- & n. Demand; sale; 

market : ga yoi, good demand, or sale ; 

konosetsu ito wa Juikekuchi ga nai, there is 

now no demand for silk. 

Syn. UREKTTCHI. 

HAKI s\% fgrgj; sum, to annul, abrogate. 
HAKI.-KU >N ? v. i.v. To spit, vomit ; to utter, 

say : tsitbaki wo , to spit ; chi wo , to 

vomit, or spit blood. 
HAKI,-KU ^ ? Sj? t.v. To wear, or put anything 

on the feet or legs, as hakama, kiyahan, mo-mo- 

hiki, tali, zilri, cjeta, aahida, kutsii, etc. 
HAKI.-KU ;\ ? flft t.v. To hung from the belt, 

to gird on : taclii wo , to gird oil the sword, 

or wear a sword. 
HAKI.-KU s\ ? fig t.v. To sweep, brush : Iwki 

de tatami wo , to sweep the mat with a 

broom ; gomi wo haki-dasu, to sweep out the 

dirt ; sumi ye haki-yoseru, to sweep into a 

corner. 
HAKI-DAME s\ % $t * ^ $$ n. A place where 

dirt and rubbish are thrown. 
HAKI-DASHI,-SU ;\ % if ^ t.v. To spit out, 

spit up, vomit up; to utter, speak; sweep 

out. 
HAKI-HAKI s\ % j\ % adv. (coll.) Smart ; quick ; 

brisk; active in doing ; distinct: to hataraku; 

shita Into. 

Syn. SADAKA. NI, BACHI GA AKU. 

HAKI-HABAI.-AU ;\ % ^ y y t.v. To sweep away, 
sweep off ; brush up, or off. 

HAKI-KAKE.-BU ;N ^ -ft >r ** t.v. To spit upon; 
to sweep upon ; to commence to spit, sweep, 
or put on the feet. 

HAKIKI >\ t ^ ^ fi) (coll). Influential ; having 
authority; weight of character ; powerful : ano 
Jiito wa Yokohama de hakiki da, he is an in- 
fluential man in Yokohama ; kane ga dekireba 
ha ga kiite kuru, when a person becomes rich 
he becomes powerful; ha ga kikanu daiinyo, a 
prince of no power. 
Syn. IKIOI ABH. 

HAKI-KOMI,-MU VN ^ 3 A t.v To sweep into, 
to spit into. 

HAKI-MOSO ^^ ^ ) ^ n. Shoes ; articles 
worn on the feet. 

HAici-YosE,-nu VN ^ 3 -fe )\* t.v. To sweep 
together ; to collect by sweeping. 



HAKI-ZOME ;\ ^ / * n. The first sweeping of 
the house after new year's day, generally on 
the second day. 

HAKKA j\ ? U |$ ^ n. Peppermint : yu, oil 
of. 

HAKKAKU ^ y -ft ? ^ >5S (aTawareru) Eevealed; 
disclosed; known; come to light: suru; 
ktjii aku ga shita. Syn. KOKEN. 

HAK-KAN ^ ? 1j ^ fa ^| n. The silver 
pheasant. 

HAK-KAN ;N y ^ ^ ^ vf- snru, to sweat, 
perspire: zai, diaphoretic medicines. 

HAK-KE ^\ y *r A [ n. The eight diagrams. 

HAK-KKI *\ y % 4 ^^ n - r -T ue eight cele- 
brated views in a particular region. 

HAKKEN j^y t is ;5 (Uukawatu) snru, 
to send (a messenger). 

HAKKKX >\ y >r ^ ^ JL (mi-idasu) First finding 
out ; discovery. 

II AKKIN >^ 9 % f tl fe n - (min.) Platinum. 

HAKKIHI j\ y % *) adv. (coll.) Clear ; plain , 
distinct ; clean ; perfectly kono han wa 
to ghitu iru, tliese type are very distinct , 
to shite mieru, clearly seen : to ahita 
tenki, clear weather ; mada to naorimasen, 
not yet perfectly well. 
Syu. FUMMYO. 

HAKKO ;N y -ft ^ ^ ^'f suru, to become 
prevalent; come iuto fashion ; to inaugurate; 
to set flgoing ; to issue, put into circulation, 
publish: korera ga shimasu, cholera is, 
prevalent ; hade-na nari ga sum, gay cloth- 
ing has become fashionable , $hi-hei wo , 
to issue paper money. 

Syn. HAYABU, OKONAWABD, IDA8U. 

HAKKO >N y # # ^ ^ Sailing out from a port , 
setting sail. 

HAKKO ;\ y -ft $ $$$ n Fermentation : 
suru, to ferment. 

HAKKO ^y-}jt? f fa (ynku: coll.) Going, 
starting for any place : Tokyo ye itsu ita- 
shimasu ka, when are you going to Tokyo ? 

HAKKO-NETSU >>N ? k y ^ 3- y & jif ^ n - (med.) 
Yellow fever. 

HAKKU ^ ? ? & I*? The white colt (spoken 
poetically of the sun) : hushirite yamazu. 

HAKKYO ^ y % -V ^^ Going out of the 
Capital. 

HAKKYO >\ y * -Y ij ^ 4i (coll.) sum, to 
suddenly become insane : jin, an insane 
man. Syn. KICHIGAI. 

HAKO >N a (coll.) suru, to go to stool ; 
to obey the calls of nature: yo no naka wa 
kute hako shite nete okite, sate sono nochi wa 
sJiinuru bukari zo. 

HAKO >N =i Jg n. A box, chest, trunk. 
vo xuru, to make a box: ni tsuvieni, to 
pack in a box ; ni ireru, to put into a 
box; hako iri musume, a young girl who is 
carefully kept at home. 

HAKOBASE,-RU ;N u /? -b A* ^ :$ (canst, of 
hakobi) To make, let, or order another to 
convey, or transport ; to cause to move 
along or advance : nimotsu wo hito ni hako- 
baseru, to get a person to transport goods. 



HAK 



129 



HAK 



HAKOBE ;> a -? $ $f n. A medicinal plant, 
chick-weed. 

HAKOBEIU j\ =j -< y n. Celery. 

HAKOBI.-BU s\ 3 -7* jj t.v. To transport ; to 
convey ; to go or move from one place to 
another; to progress : niinot.ni wo fnne de , 
to transport goods by ship ; ashi wo , to 
walk. 

Svn. OKURU, UTSUSD, UNS5 SURU. 

HAKOBI ;\ 3 t? 3^ n< Transportation ; con- 
ance ; movement ; progress ; settlement of 

accounts : ashi no ga warni, walking is 

difficult; ichi nin de ichi nichi hakobi wa 

dono kurai, how much can one man carry in a 

day? ga tsukanii, does not progress; chi 

no ga nibiti, the circulation of blood is 

languid ; wo tsukeru, to settle ; to ariange, 

bring about. 
HAKOSITE j\ 3 h*f a$ n. A porter, carrier; 

one who carries. 
HAKO-FOGU ;\ 3 7 9* n. The trunk-fish, Ostra- 

cion immaculatns. 

ICNE j\ a j, qp. n. The ridge of a roof. 
;.OMO ^\ 3 p t n. The Achillea or milfoil. 
>EKO s\ 3 fe 3 n. A paper veil (used only 

by women). 
HAKOTA ;\ 3 -y f $ $J n. wo yama, fairy 

land; elysian mountain. 
HAKOYA ;> 3 -y n. A box-maker, or seller; the 

attendant on a dancing-girl (geisha) ; chaperon. 
HAKU ;\ y f n. An earl ; the 3rd order of 

nobility. 
HAKU >\ 9 fa (.i/u'rm) White ; clean ; shining : 

haku-hutfit, gray hair ; huku-inai, cleaned rice; 

haku-ye, white clothes. 
HARD '^ ? t& n. Foil ; leaf ; as : kirn-palm, 

gold-leaf; giinpnku, silver foil; siizit-hakn, tin 
; kin wo haku ni nt<u, to beat gold into 

leaf ; too 0*11, to plate. 
HARD ;\ 9 ^ n - White silk. 
HAKU >\ 9 J$. *nn/, to argue against, con- 

trovert, contradict, oppose by reasoning : hito 

no tftsn iro fum. 

HAKU-A s\ 9 f fa g n. Mineral chalk. 
HAXUAI ;\ 9 f 4 |^ ^ (hiruku aisnrn) Uni- 

versal good will, or love to men ; philanthropy : 

ICD jin to in. 

no '\ 9 tf $ ^ n. (uiu-kure) The dusk 

of the evening ; twilight. 
Syn. TASO - 

9 rjf f^j $ n. Aunt 

O-BA. 

9 tf 9 & g n. (l ifc - wlli *o ink ) 
A chalk-pencil. 

HAKOBUTSU-OAKU ^\ ^ -/ y tf 9 U?^^ n. 
Natural history. 



arowom. 

HAKUCHI * 9 + fj fo n. An idiot, fool : tit 
tzu, an idiut is not per- 
^tOTote. 

HAKUCHO >^9+*r*> t) fc White clotheg, 
ach a* were worn by the servants of a kuge, 
or nt festival*. 

HAKCCH.-. ^ 9 + ^ $ || n . The swan. 
17 



9 + Y ^ n. A white porcelain 
bottle. 

HAKDCHO >\ 9 + V tj 3c ^- Noon ; middle of 
the day ; broad daylight. 

Syn. HIRU. 

HAKUCUU ^\ 9 3~ ty ib W (ani oto) Alike ; equal ; 

no superiority of one above another: futari no 

gakn su, the two (men) are equally learned. 

HAKUDAKU ^\ 9 # 9 ^ : $ n. (med.) Gonorrhoaa. 

Syn. RIMHYO. 
HAKUOA ;N 9 * }$ f^ Very learned ; erudite : 



HAKCOAI ;\ 9 H 4 a^ ^ n. Persecution: 

sum, to persecute. 
HAKUOAKU ^ 9 if 9 W-% (hiroku mnnabn) n. 

Extensively learned; versed in literature: 

na hito. 

Syn. MONOSHIRI, HAKURAN, HAKCSHIKI. 
HAKUQAN s\ 9 -jj* ^ n. The snow goose. 
HAKUOEKI >\ 9 ? % ^^ n. Opposing, con- 

tradicting, controverting. 
HAKUHYO j\ 9 b -V ^ Jj-i'K. (usuki k~>ri) n. Thio 

ice : wo fumu gu gotoku, like walking on 

thin ice ; dangerous. 
HAKUJIN j\ 9 i? v fa ift* n. A naked sword : 

too hiramekasu, to brandish a sword. 
HAKDJITSD ^ 9 i? y fa EJ n. Daylight ; day 

time. 
HAKUJO s\ 9 s? -V *r & %fc (coll.) Confession : 

sum, to confess, acknowledge ; tsumi wo , 
to confess a crime. 

Syn. ZAKOE SURU. 

HAKUJO s^ 9 ^ -V t? $. ffi Without natural 
affections; unfeeling; callous; cruel; insin- 
cere ; false-hearted ; no hito. 

Syn. NASAKE-NAI. 

HAKUMAI y\ 9 -r 4 fa ^ (ghiroi kome) n. White 

rice ; rice from which the hull has been 

cleaned by passing through the mortar. 
HAKDMAKD s\ 9 -r 9 fa $| n. (ined.) The 

sclerotic coat of the eye, or any white 

membrane. 
HAKUMEI ;\ 9 * 4 J$ ^ n. Unfortunate ; un- 

lucky. 
HAKUMEN ^ 9 * ^ fa U n. White-facfd ; 

green ; inexperienced ; a tyro : -- no thotd, a 

greenhorn. 

NAISHO ^ 9 + 4 5^-Y ^ fa i^3 ffi. n. (med.) 

Catiiract of the eye. 
HAKDRAI 9 ^ 4 ^ ^ n. Foreign : ln'n, 

foreign productions; articles brought fn>m 

foreij'ii count ri"< ; !.">,' tea dr gomrnn > 
HAKDIIAKU ^ 9 *) 9 M t& n. The name of an 

ancient Chinese hoisi- doctor, a horse do, 

ten-ri no nma wa arcdomo ichi nin no wa 

na*hi (prov). 
Syn. BA-I. 
HAKORAH >\ 9 1 * ^ (hiroku miru) Ex- 

teiiHively acquainted with books and things ; 

very learned. 

Syn. HAKUOAKU, HAKrSBIKI. 

HAKCIUNKWAI /x 9 1 v 9 V 4 If ^R ^ n. Ah 

exhibition ; an < HIM. 

HAKUKKKKO \ 9 it y H Q 6 4 & n - A kind 
of confectionery. 



HAK 



180 



HAM 



(shiroi kami) n. White 



(hiroltu shirn) 
hito, learned man 



HAKUSHI >\9 \/ 

or blank paper. 
HAKUSHIKI j\9$ 

Learned ; wise : no 

philosopher. 
HAKUKHU ^p i/-t) ^^- n. Clapping of hands: 

shite homer u; kassai no koe ten ni 

hibiku. 

EAKUSO ;\ 9 y i.q. haguso. 
HAKUTAI ;\ 9 ft 4 j $? n. (med.) A bandage. 
HAKUTAI ;N 9 # >f ft & n. A white fur on the 

tongue : shita ni ga aru, the tongue is 

furred. 
HAKUTETSU-JIN t^pfy&i/ j =&"A n. The 

white race of men ; the Caucasian. 
HAKU-UN-SEKI >\ 9 *> - v iz ^ d| / n. (min.) 

Bitterspar ; dolomite. 
HAKUYA s\ 9 ^ -?g g n. A gold beater. 
HAKWAI s\ 9 y >f $ $[ Broken ; wrecked ; 

destroyed ; ruined : J'une ga suru, the ship 

is wrecked. 
HAKYAKU ^ % *t ? $ p sum, to break, 

destroy : ie wo . 
HAKYO ^ % 7 # $. (dandan oyobu) Gradually 

reach to, arrive at: seiyonofuzoku ga Nip- 

pon ni sum. 

HAMA s\ -r j?jf n. The sea beach, or coast. 
HAMABE;N-T^ }^j$ n. The sea coast. 
HAMABO ;N * rf -i; ^ $[ n. The Hibiscus 

hamabo. 
HAMACHI-DORI ^xvf- i? 9 n. The name of a 

small water-fowl that frequent the sea coast ; 

(met.) letters : ato todomu. 
HAMAOURI ;N -r / !) & n. A clam* 

Syn. UMUOI. 

HAMANASHI ;N -r * S^ n. A cranberry. 
HAMANASU ->N -v -J- >^ n. Rosa rugosa ; haws. 
HAMARI,-RU s\ -r n i.v. To be put, fitted, or 

entered into anything ; to be fallen into, 

immersed in, addicted to : wa ga yubi ni 

hamatta, the ring is put on the finger ; shoji 

ga shihii ni , the sash is put in the groove ; 

mizu ni , to fall into the water ; nezumi ga 

mizu-game ni , a rat has fallen into the 

water-jar; bakueki ni , to be addicted to 

gambling ; sake, ni . 

Syn. HAIRD, OBORERU. 

HAMARI ^ -r y n. The fitting of one thing into 

another. 
HAMARI-KOMI,-MU j\ * y u A i.v. To be plunged 

in, immersed in, addicted to. 
HAMASE,-RU ^ -* -b * (caust. of hamu) To make 

or let another bite, or eat. 

HAMATE ^NV7"^4 (coll.) The sea beach. 
HAMAYUMI s\ v =L ^ fgr ^ ^ n. A bow for driv- 

ing evil spirits away ; also a small bow used 

as a toy by children. 
HAMAZERI ^ v -tf >) n. The name of a bitter 

plant. 

HAMBERU ;\ ^ ^fl* See haberi. 
HAMBETSU j\^^y ^] ^i] n. Judgment; de- 

cision : swn, to judge, decide upon. 

Syn. HANDAN. 

HAMBITSU ; ^ h* y ^ ^ n . A small truuk. 
HAMBO >NVX# ^'ft: (isogashii) Busy. 



HAM BUN x\V7*v ^ -^ n. Half: nt fctru, 

cut into halves; cut in two; wo chodui, 
give me half. Syn. NAKABA. 

+HAME,-RU ^ * A- t.v. To make bite. 

HAME ^N * ^ ^ n. A weather-board, clap- 
board: wo luiru, to weather-board; wo 
hazushite sawagu. 

HAME.-RU ^ ^ A* t.v. To fit anything in its 
place ; to put into (as a screen, door, drawer, 
etc.) ; to inlay ; to set (as a jewel) ; to immerse, 
or plunge into ; to cheat, take in : shoji wo 
hameru, to put a screen into its place ; yubi ni 
wa wo , to put a ring on the finger ; hito wo 
, to cheat a person ; fnti wo kawa ye , to 
put a dog into the river ; zoge wo , to inlay 
with ivory (coll.). 

HAMEDE ;\ ^ =f n. (coll.) Trick ; deception; hoax : 
ai atta, to be hoaxed. 
Syn. TOMOYA. 

HAME-ITA ;N ? >f 9 n. Clap-board ; wainscoting. 

HAME-KOMI.-MU >^ ;* a A $&*. t- v - (coll.) To fit 
into ; to put into ; to take a person in ; to 
cheat; to implicate or involve in trouble. 

HAMESASE,-RU ^ * ^ -fe n- (caust. of hameru) 
To make or let another put or fit into, etc. 

HAMETSU ;N * y $fc V& n - Ruined ; destroyed : 
shinsho , to become bankrupt ; twu, to 
destroy ; ruin. 

HAMI ^N ^ $g ifi n. A poisonous snake, viper. 
Syn. MAMfsni. 

HAMI ^ 5 ^ u. That part of the bit which 
enters the horse's mouth. 

HAMI.-MU ^ A ^ t.v. To eat, swallow ; to live 
upon ; to consume : meshi wo , to eat rice ; 
sakana ga e wo , the fish takes the bait ; 
nu-nbami hito wo , the anaconda swallows 
men ; roku wo , to live on one's salary. 

Syn. KDRAU, TABERU. 

HAMI-DABHI,-SD s\ < ^'x. t.v. To project, or be 

forced out from between two surfaces, or from 

inward pressure. 
HAMIOAKI s\ S # ^ ^ ^ n. Tooth-powder ; a 

tooth-brush. 
HAMI-KAE.-RU ^ $ * ~* * i.v. To return or 

recur (as a sickness). 
HAMMAI ^ v-r >f |X xjt (nif*hi gome) n. Rice 

for the family eating ; ^ ^ half a sheet, 

as of paper. 
HAMMEI s\ ^ * >f ^ $ (kacrigoto) turn, to 

bring back an answer, or report (to the Em- 
peror). Syn. FUKPMEI. 
HAMMEN >\v^v ^^ (katazura) n. Half 

the face: no ezn, a profile, likeness. 
HAMMICHI J^*/ If- %$%, n. Half-way, half a 

mile. 
HAMMO ^ */ ^ $fc *% (nhigfru) guru, to 

grow luxuriantly, exuberantly : kusa ga 

num. 
HAMMON ^v^e > $% f^ (moyaknya) n. Trouble; 

perplexity ; grief : mune ni taezu. 
HAMMU >NVJ. ^ IB- (wazurawashilii tsutome) 

u. Troublesome occupation. 
HAMMU ^VA ^ %& (s/i////'fci tsutome) Press- 
ing engagements ; pressure of business : no 

yuka nt, in the intervals of . 



HAM 



181 



HAN 



HAMMYO ^ v * ?j $ n. The Spanish fly, 

Cantharidis. 

HAMO ;N ^E f2 n - A kind of eel, or mullet. 
HAMOJII.-KI-KU ;>q & 4 adj. Feeling bashful, 

or ashamed : ohamoju gozarimasu, I am 

ashamed. 
HAMOX s^ ^ v jlfc ff sum, to expel from 

school ; dismiss a scholar ; to break off the 

relation of teacher and pupil. 
HAMON s^^ J >fr ify n. Edged tools ; cutting 

instruments : zainmai, using edged tools. 
HAML-NO-SHI '^^S *s 'TM^frfi n. A cutler. 
HAMORI ^ ^ y n. Guardian of trees or plants : 

no kami, the god of trees. 
HAMPA ./NVX % $fa n. A part, fragment, 

fraction. 

Syu. HASHITA. 
HAMPAKU f\s/*\9 g| ^j Grizzled; a mixture 

of white and black hair : no mono, an 

old man. 

Sjn. SHIRAOA-MAJIBI. 

HAMPEI ;\v*-M %&fy u. A wall, enclosure. 
HAMPI -N 5^ h* = ^? n. A kind of coat with 

short sit i 
HAMPO s^^tf ^ (lit. to return a feeding) 

Spoken of a young crow when it becomes 

strong, requiting the care of its pareut by 

feeding her with food from its own mouth : 

karasu ni no ko art. 

HAMPON ^ v;tf v j,'^ ;. n. A printed book. 
HAMPUKU ^ v -f 9 s %% n. Half-way up, or 

the side of a mountain : ni noboru. 
HAMPUKU s\f-/ 9 ^ IS (kuri kaesu) sum, 

to do over and over ; to repeat, reiterate : 

$hite teinei ni oshieru. 
HAMPDKD j.\ v / 9 $ | '<ru, to turn 

traitor; to betray or act treacherously. 
HAMPYAKO J^*/\Z*t9 JL "f All: no Into, 

all men ; the public ; no kunthi, all gentle- 
men. 
HAMUKI.-KU ;N A 9 i.v. To growl or snarl, 

as a dog. 
HAHUKI.-KU ;\ A 9 fe fa t.v. To oppose, 

resist. 

Syn. 8AKARAU, TEKITAU. 

HAMCKHA ;N j. ^ -y ^ :# n. Common 

soldiers. 

HAH v> v ^f Odd: no &<uu, an odd number ; 
han, even and odd ; no tsuki, the odd 
months ; no hi, odd days. 
Syn. KI. 

'NV ? Half: ichi ri han, a mile and a 
half; linn mii-lii, lialf a mile; hun-i/n, half tlic 
night; han-nhi h<ni-thu, half di^ud and alive ; 

i, half a year ; kin, lialf a pound. 
HAH y>v ^[ (A-<i^ru) turn, to return, go 
back; to be contrary, opposed to; to tuin 
traitor, rc-bel ; to betray. 
HAX />v t (lit. a fence, hedge, or enrl" 

tie ; a name given to >ry of 

-e military nobles who, under tin- 
were called </ iirhiji, or 

ato tlirce ranks ; 
were those lion 
eed 400,000 koku of rice ; Chu-han were thoao 



where the revenues were between 100,000 and 
400,000 koku ; Sho-han were those where the 
revenues were from 10,000 to 100,000 koku. 

HAN ;N v ^1] n. A seal, stamp ; ($J a block 
for printing : wo suru, to print ; wo osu, 
to stamp, seal ; wo torn, to require one's 
seal to a paper ; ni oAosu, to cut iu blocks 
for publishing ; wo horu, to cut a seal or 
stamp ; to cut characters on blocks. 
Syn. IN. 

HANA ^ + fa (hajime) n. The first ; beginning : 
kono nashi wa hana da, this is the first pear 
of the season, 

HANA s\ + ^L n. The nose ; mucous of the 
nose ; snot ; a promontory, head-land : no 
ana, the nostrils; no atama, the tip of the 
nose ; snji, the contour of the nose ; wo 
kamu, to blow the nose ; kotoba ga n 
kakaru, to speak through the nose ; tro 
susuru, to snuff up the nose ; wo kujini, 
to pick the nose ; wo nejiru, to pull 
the nose ; wo tsnmamu, to hold the 
nose ; wo sogu, to cut off the nose ; wo 
tsuku, to strike the nose against ; ni kakcru, 
to put on the nose ; to vaunt one's self ; ga 
tarern, to run at the nose ; ga takai hito, 
a proud, boastful person ; no mizo, the 
raphe under the nose; ga fusagaru, the 
nose is stopped up ; yama no , a bluff or 
spur of a mountain. 

HANA ;\ * ;? n. A flower, blossom ; the plum- 
ula of malt : no utena, the calyx of a flower ; 
no tsnbomi, a flower bud ; no kuki, the 
stem of a flower ; no jiku, the stem of a 
flower ; wo tsumu, to pluck a flower ; wo 
kazaru, adorn with flowers ; no fu, a bo- 
tanical work ; wo ikeru, to keep flowers 
alive in water ; hana no, adj., like a flower ; 
beautiful ; no kambase, beautiful face ; 
no sugata, a beautiful shape. 

HANA ^ + $ jjjj n. A present of money, 
clothes, etc., made to a wrestler, play-actor, 
musician, dancing girl, etc.: wo yarn. 

HANA-ARASIII ^ -f- 7 3 v- n. Forcing the air 
violently through the nose ; snorting (used 
only of animals, as horses, cows, etc.): wo 
/ttfctt. 

HANABAKAMA s\ + ,tu** n. The calyx of a 
flower. 

HANA-iANAsnn,-Ki-KO >^-^ 7?^ 5^>f ? ? adj. 

.tiful ; handsome ; glorious ; nplemad ; ad- 

ininiliic ; (mostly of actions): -- ihn.-m. a 

glorious battle. Syn. IUPPA, KIUEI, MIOOTO. 

HANABANA TO ;N -h /\ + h alv. Beautifully ; 
i.msly; splendidly; fra^i:<ntly. 
i ASAMI s* + ,<V ' fe & n. Flower 
scissors. 

AHUIHA ^>-h/^i^f n. The oeptum or 
.a;. .n which -. parates the nostrils. 

' N -^I/ ^ X. " Fireworks: wo 
agent, to set oil fireworks. 

IIIEA -" * tf ? 6 n. The petals of a 
flov. 

HANABITAKA ^ + tf -Y * adj. Beautiful ; flowery ; 
gay; splendid. 



HAN 



182 



HAN 



HANABUSA >\ + 71r n. A flower, blossom ; the 

calyx. 

Syn. UTENA. 
HANACHI.-TSU ^ + y $: (same as hanashi) t.v. 

To let go; set free, liberate, to banish. 
HANADA > * ^ n. A deep blue color ; i.q. 

hanairo. 
HANADACHI,-TSU s^ + jf y i.v. To bloom, 

blossom ; to flower. 

Syn. BAKU. 
HANAFUKI ^ + 7 3 s n. A nose-wiper, hand- 

kerchief. 
HANAGAEBI s\ + if ^ 9 n. A fading or change 

in color of anything dyed a deep blue. 
HANAOAI s^ if -i $.$& n. The nose ring for 

oxen. 

HANAOAKI ^\ * if ^ n. A flowery hedge. 
HANAQAMI ^-J- if I n. Paper for wiping or 

blowing the nose ; nose-paper. 
HANAGAMI BUKORO ;N * ** 5 7* ^ n $. Jft ^ n. 

The wallet in which nose-paper and money 

are carried. Syn. KAMI-IBS . 
IHANAGATAMI ^ * if X \ n. A flower-basket. 

Syn. HANAKAGO. 

HANAGAWA ^N-J-^/N fg 3 n. The part of the 

bridle which crosses the nose ; the nose strap. 
HANAGE >\ * y $. ^ n. Hair in the nostrils : 

wo yomareta, to be taken in, deceived: 

wo nnku, to pluck out ; (coll.) to wheedle, 

delude. 

HANAGI J^ + *f n. A nose ring for oxen. 
HANAGOE ^ -f- zj*^ n. A nasal sound ; a snuffl- 

ing voice : de mono wo iu, to speak with a 

nasal tone. 
HANAGOKORO ;N * =f 3 p n. Wanton or lascivi- 

ous feeling. 
HANAGDMORI ;\ } */ ^ 9 n. The cloudy weather 

in spring, supposed to be useful to the bloom- 

ing of flowers. 
HANAGUSURI ;\ + / ^ 9 n. (coll.) A bribe,= 

mainni. 
HANAGU\VASIIT,-KI-KU J^+ f V ^ adj. Bearing 

beautiful flowers : no ; sakura. 
HANAHADA ^ *- j\$c' Q adv. Very ; extremely ; 

exceedingly : Icntai, very hard ; yoi, very 

good; ilnikashii, exceeding strange. 

Syn. ITO, ITATTE. 
HANAHADAKHII.-KI-KU J^ + j\jfls<1 ^t Hfc adj. 

Extreme; utmost; greatest; most : jado kore 

yori hanahadushiki wa nashi, there is no 

more pernicious way than this ; itami wa , 

the pain is extreme. 

Syn. GOKU, SIIIGOKU, HIDOKU. 
HANAHIUI,-RU rs -j- b 't- $f i.v. To sneeze. 

Syn. KUSAME wo SURU. 
HANAHIRIGUSA j\+ b '; fir ^ n. Coriander(?), 



HANAHIYU >\ -J- b a. JSL g, | n. The portulacca. 
HAN-AI^N y r >f ^ft n. Universal love; 
philanthropy. 

Syu. HAKUAI. 

HANA-IKE ^ + >f jr ^ ^ n . A vessel for hold- 
ing water and flowers to keep the latter in 
bloom ; a flower vase. 
Syn. KWA-BIN. 



HANA-IKI ^ + J % & ,% n. Breathing through 
the nose: ga arai, breathes loud through 
the nose. 

HANA-IRO ^ -^ >f a $ ^ n. A deep blue color. 

HANAJI s^1"F $. ifa. n. Bleeding at the nose : 
ga dern. 

tHANAJiROMi,-MU ^ 9* 3? n A $$ i.v. To blush ; 
turn red in the face. 

HANAKAGO s\ + D d* ^ f| n. A flower basket. 

HANA-KAMI,-MU ^> -h # A f^ i.v. To blow the 
nose with the fingers, in paper, or in a hand- 
kerchief ; (mostly used in the form of liana 
wo kamn). 

HANAKAZE j\ + U -tf ^L fP n. A cold in the 
head ; coryza ; catarrh. 

fHANAKAZDRA >N + -ft *J J n. A garland of 
flowers worn on the head on festive occasions. 

HANAKO j\ -h 3 n. The pollen of a flower, 
Syn. KWAFUN. 

HANAKONJO ^N^nvj?^^ ^ Jt W Smalt, 
or oxide of cobalt. 

HANAKHSO ^ + 9 y & Ife n. The nard mucous 
which collects in the nose. 

HANAMEKI.-KU ^ + * 9 i.v. To be flourishing, 
prosperous. 

SyU TOKIMEKU. 

HANAMI >\ + \ ^ ^ n. Arrangement of leaves 
or foliage, of a plant or tree. 

HANAMI >\ + 5 ^ ^ n . The order or arrange- 
ment of the teeth ; ga warni, the teeth are 
irregular ; ga yoi, has a fine set of teeth. 
Syn. H A nr SHI. 

HANAMI ^ + * ] , n. Looking at flowers ; 
pleasure excursion or picnic: m nuiiri- 
mashita, gone on an excursion to see the 
flowers. 

HANAMIZO s\ + $ y* n. The furrow in the upper, 
lip under the nose. 
Syn. NINCHO. 

HANAMORI ^ + ^ 9 fe % n. The keeper of a 
flower garden. 

HANAMOTO ^ + ^ } adv. Near the nose : 
shian, a short-sighted view. 

HANAMDKE ^ -J- A ^ f| ^'] n. A present to a 
bride leaving her father's house, or to a person 
setting out on a journey. 
Syn. SEMBETSU. 

HANA-MUKO **+ A a ;J ^ n. A bridegroom. 

HANANAWA ^ + v ^ n. A cord put in the nose 
of oxen to lead them by. 

fHAXANo-ANi ;N * ) T (lit. the eldest brother 
of flowers) n. The plum tree. 

IHANANO-OTOTO f\ + ) * h h (lit. the youngest 
brother of flowers) n. The chrysanthemum. 

HANAO s\+ j $. %$ n. The thong, or strap by 
which sandals are fastened to the feet : wo 
stigcru, to fix the thong in the sandal ; ga 
kireta, the strap is broken ; zure, a sore 
made by the rubbing of the sandal thong. 

HANARE.-RU >>>^-u;v. jj$ i.v. and t.v. To be 
separated, removed, or parted from ; sundered; 
to be apart ; to be loose ; to leave ; to separate 
from ; to part : uma ga hanareta, the horse is 
loose ; tsugime gu , the joint is parted ; oya 
ni hanareta, to be left by one's parents ; oya 



HAN 



183 



HAN 



wo hanarcte hoko wo suru t to leave one's pa- 
rents and go out to service; ie wo hanarete hi 
wo take yo, kindle the fire away from the 
house; hanare-gatashi, hard to part; hanarenu- 
naka, indissoluble relation. 

Syn. HEDATERU, WAKARERU. 

HANARE-BAXARE >> * v -* -J* f $$ $t a^v- 
. ately ; apart ; scattered : ni natte ont, 
to live apart or separately. 

HANARE-JIMA ;^+ \,$ v fa } n. A solitary 
island; an island far away from the main 
land. 
HASAKE-UMA /\ -J- v$ v $C,!| n. Astray horse ; 

a loose horse. 
HANARE-TA ' -h \s -y $ g n. A house apart or 

distant from others. 

fllANARi >\ -* y n. Hair parted and hanging 
down, as in childhood; a young girl who 
wears her hair lonp. Syn. KABDRO. 
HAXASAKI ^ + -9- ^ $. jft adv. Near the nose : 

chikame de no mono go, mienai. 
!!ANASASE,-RU ^ -h # -fe >v ^ ^ (caust. of ftana- 
s/ii) To let or make another speak; also 
to make one let go or let loose: hanasasete o 
kikiiMsare, listen to me while I tell you. 

i ^-Ms-b 9 n. A species of butter- 
eria. 

HAXASHI ;N * ^ %% n. A saying, talk, story ; 
a tale . mukeuM no , an ancient story ; 
okashii . a funny story; usobanashi, a lie ; 
a fiction; otoshi-banashi, a comical story, an 

lote. 

UANASHI.-SU s* + :*$ct.v. To let go ; to set free; 
to separate; to loosen, liberate, let off ; to dis- 
charge, let fly ; to except ; to banish : teppo 
wo , to fire a gun ; ya ico , to let fly an 
arrow ; nm<t wo , to set a horse loose ; tc 
wo , to let go the hand; me wo IKUKIXUZII 
mini, to look without taking off the eyes ; 
Imiiaxhite o kitre, let go; shio wo mizu ni , to 
inkle salt in water ; kore wo hanashite wa 
i ni mi/,tlu're is no other except this. 
UANASHI.-SO ^ -h :*, }> t.v. To say; to utter, 
peak, talk, tell: inukashi no koto wo , to 
tell an old story ; by<~min nn yodai ico hannshi 
nntare, tell me how the sick man is; hului ye 
"inasf, go and tell your mother. 
a. KATABU, in. 

I.-AO ->N-h5^77 %&'$' i.v. To talk 
together ; to converse; to consult. 
HAXABHIOAMK f^+^ifji n. Tortoise which 
are Bold to devout persons, who let them loose 
to gain in. i :t. 

-HIKA ;\ + i, -ft n. A story-teller ; ono 
who makes a living by narrating stories. 
Syn. xosfiAKusm. 

^ + 1, A- $. 7^ n. Thin mucous 
the HOMO. 

'N-hx.:h n. The Judos tree, CcrciH 

" + ft f $. 5f n- A nasal polypus. 
TARK + y \, ft jfe n. A RI. 

I 

;MB,-UU * + t i, * (canst, of lutnattit) 
To cauii or let cbciipc, ur liy ofl. 



HANATSU s^ + ? See JianachL 

HANATSUKI ^ + y 4 1 n. Striking the nose 

against, or running apdnst each other. 
HAXATSUKUUI j\ * y 9 '; fe fit n. A maker 

of artificial flowers ; a flower gardener. 
HANATSUMI ^ + y ^ u . Plucking flowers ; an 

excursion into the country for gathering flowers 

to offer to hotoke. 
HANA-UTA s^+ t; X $. $t Singing in a 

low voice ; humming a tune : wo utau, 

to hum a tune. Syn. TSUZUSHIRI. 
HAXAWA ^ -^ y n. A nose-ring. 
HANAWA s\ -h ^ n. A hill. 

Syn. OKA, TAKAMI. 

HANAYA ^\ -J- -V ^ 0$ A florist ; a seller of 
flowers. 

HANAYAGI,-OU ^-Mr/ i.v. To be beautiful; 
i.q., liana y a lia na. 

HANAYAKA ^ -J--Y * ^ H adj. Beautiful; hand- 
some ; elegant ; gay ; showy ; gorgeous : na 
shozoku, gay clothing. 

Syn. RIPPA, KIREI, HADE. 

HANA-YASHIKI ^ -h-v Sslr n. A flower garden. 

HANAYOME J^+ 3 * ;/ ^ n. A bride. 

HANAZAKARI j\ +*?)! ; ^^ n. Full-bloom: 
ni natta, to be in full-bloom ; juroku shichi 
no musume wo to tit, a young lady of sixteen 
or seventeen is said to be in her full bloom. 

HANA-ZARU >>}-f y *' ^t $ u. The long-nosed 
monkey. 

HANAZOME s^+ -/ * n. Trained or dyed by 
rubbing with flowers (as in ancient times) ; 
dyeiug cloth in imitation of the color of cer- 
tain flowers. 

HANA-ZONO s\ + y* ) n. A flower garden. 

HANAZUXA r\ -h *J -9- n. A cord or thong put in 
the nose of oxen. 

HANA-ZURA ^ * S J ^L n. Tip of the 
nose, or before the nose; nose-ring (obs.). 

HANCHIJI ^ ^ + ? % fa ^t n. The chief 
magistrate of a han or daimiate. The title 
was given to the daimyo for a short time 
after the restoration. 

II ANDA ^ s, if $f n. A basket chair (same as 
kago). 

HANDA >\ v ^ ffj ft n. Tin (in block). 

HANDAI >> v ^ Hf $ flf n. A dining table. 

HANDAI >> v ^" >f n. A tub used for carrying 
fish. 

HANDAN J\i/jfis ^ fc n. Half a piece of cloth. 

HANPAN f^^sjfts j^lj J^f iitrii, to judge and 
decide upon ; to try a case at law ; to rxphiin, 
solve, interpret: kikkydwo .uino 

whether any event is luckly or unlucky ; yume 
wo , to interpret a dream ; unto wo , to 
solve a riddle. Syn. TOKU, KANOAKRD, HAJIRU. 

HANDO >\>jf$ %(.%% A bucket for cany- 
ing rioe. 

b* ^ J<&. Reaction: ryolm. id. 

HANK />Jp. ^ n. A wing; a feather; ti 
iculdlu-wheel : wo hirogeru, t 
the wings. 

HANK ^ * Ended ; closed (as a theatre) : > I 
ga Hi naru, the theatrical pcrloruiuuce i 
over. 



HAN 



134 



HAN 



HANE ;^ Jf$ n. The right and left oblique 
down stroke of a Chinese character. 

HANE s^%> $fa n. Particles of mud spattered 
about : ga agaru, the mud spatters'. 

HANE.-EU ;\ 3* ^ $? i.v. To prance, as a 
horse ; $* to flounce, flounder, leap, spring, 
bounce ; ($j$) to spatter, splash about (as mud) : 
uma ga haneru, the horse prances; saknna 
ga , the fish leaps ; doro ga haneru, the 
mud spatters ; shibai ga , the theatre is 
over ; ji wo hanete kaku, to write with a 
flourish. 

Sjn. ODORI-AGARTT, TOBU. 

HANE,-RU ^ 3* >v f $fc t.v. To splash ; to spat- 

ter ; to cut off (the head); doro wo , to spatter 

mud ; Jnibi ivo , to cut off the head ; ni wo , 

to throw goods overboard. 
HANE-AGARI,-RU j\%- 7 if * $fct& j - v - To 8 P rin K> 

leap, or bound up : mart ga , the ball 

bounces ; uwo ga mizu kara , the fish leaps 

out of the water. 

HANE-BASHI, ;\ 3* ,,? >< n. A draw -bridge. 
HANE-GUKI s^3- /^ %j tj n. A quill. 
HANE-KAE,-BU s^3~ Jj *x>u tylfc i- v - To spring, 

bounce, or leap back ; rebound : hane-kaesu, 

to make rebound. 
HANE-KAKE.-RU ;\:j. # >r n- $k$> t.v. To splash; 

to spatter. 
HANEKAZURA s^^jj*?? n. Same as kana- 

ka zur a. 
HANE-MAWARI,-RU >> ^- -r V n- $fe ?S5 i-v. To 

prance, leap, bound, or dance around. 
HANE-NOKE,-RU ^3- J jr *> fg Eft t.v. To throw 

out, or jerk out. 
HANE-OKI,-RU s^3- j ^ n- Jgfe e i.v. To jump or 

spring up (from lying down). 
HANESASE.-RU y>^-ij--b>u canst, of haneru. 
HANE-TSUCHI rs:f ?f- $| n. Clay, such as is 

used in making earthenware. 

Syn. HANI. 
HANE-TSURUBE ^ %> y fr ^ $ $. n. A well 

bucket swung on the end of a pole or sweep. 
fHANEzu-iRo ^N^-t/'fw n. A red color. 
HANE-ZUKUROI ^nF-'/^W'f n. Preparing to 

fly ; the position of n. bird about to fly. 
HANGARI ,\ */ if } ) fej^f^'] n. Hungary (country). 
HANGAWAKI VN v ** y ^f s $ adj. Half-dried, 



HANGE ;\vy ^g n. The name of a medi- 

cinal plant, Saururus cernuus. 
HANGEN s\ ^ ? v 2^ ^ n. Deducting the half ; 

half price : de nru, to sell at half price. 
HAN-GETSU s\ ^ ? y = ft n. Half a month ; 

half-moon, or semicircular in shape. 
HAN-GI j\*/i? $%?$. n. A block for printing: 

s/it, a block-cutter. 

HANGIYA /NV^-V fai J& n. A block-cutter. 
HANGO ^ v rf ^1= n. Irony. 

Syn. URAGOTO. 
HANGWAN yNv/yv $]*% n. Anciently the 

title of a civil or military officer of the 5th 

rank. 
HANGYAKU >\ v $ -V ^ ^E.^ n. Rebellion; 

treason ; treachery : nin, a traitor ; wo 

kuwadatem, to plot treason. 



HANGYO ^ v ^-Y # ^J fl^ n. A seal mark ; the 

impression left by a seal : wo torn. 
HANI ;\ n n. Clay ; i.q. hanetxnchi. 
fHANi j\^. n. The same as han-no-ki: sun, 

dyed with the bark of this tree. 
HAN-I ;>v>f $ gj n. Field, province or 

limits (as of science, government). 
HANIFU s^=z7 n. Earth; clay; ground; region; 

country ; farm : no toko ni fitsu, to lie on 

the ground ; no koya, a farm house. 
HANIKAMI,-MU ^ ^ A i.v. To feel shy, timid, 

or diffident, as a child in the presence of 

others. 

fHANisHi ^ ^ */ n. A maker of clay images. 
HANIWA ^\ ^ V jfjf ^ n. Clay images anciently 

placed around the tomb of the Emperor, as a 

guard of honor. 
HANIWARI ^ ^ y >; 5 ^ n. Hermaphrodite. 

Syn. FUTANARI. 
HANJA. ^N v s? -Y ^ij ^ n. A judge, critic : tifa 

no . 
HANJI >\ v & 1] ^ n. A judge in criminal or 

civil cases ; a superintendent ; a magistrate : 

clul, chief judge. 

HANJI,-RD ^ v & ^ ty] t.v. To judge, criticise; 
to solve, interpret : yurne wo , to interpret 
a dream. 

Syn. HANDAN. 

HANJIMOXO ^ v y ^ } n. Anything represented 
by emblems or symbols, or concealed under 
the names of natural objects; an emblem; a 
riddle ; a puzzle ; rebus. 

HANJO ;NVT J&J& Striped (as the tiger or 
hyena). Syn. FU. 

HANJO ^ v 5? 3 ffi fc (mnda-goto) Trouble- 
some ; annoying. 

HANJO ^NVT? ^ ft n. Half a mat ; half a 
quire of paper. 

HANJO ^ v E? y ?? % H n. Prosperity ; a thriv- 
ing, flourishing state, increasing in wealth and 
trade : snru, to be prosperous ; na tochi, 
a busy, thriving place. 

Syn. NIGIYAKA, HANKWA. 

HANJO-RYOKU y\v5 f ^v^^ n. The striped 
hyena. 

HANJU ^ v & =L ^J fe Appointed by the head of 
a department, not by the Emperor. 

HANJUKU ^ ^ & =*. ? ^ ^ (namanie) Half- 
cooked: half-done; half-boiled: no tamo go. 

HANKA s^ss* ^ (^ (han-ne) n. Half-price: 

?i i nrt. 

HANKA J^fft ^ "5f Mediocre ; moderately or 
tolerably good ; moderate ability. 

HANKAN ;\ is -ft i/ ^Pul n. Treachery; perfidy; 
treason caused amongst the enemy : no 
sahn wo hodokosu, to excite treachery, etc.; 
no hakarigoto. 

HAN-KA-TSU ^^jjy$ ^-^"sS (coll.) Only half 
or slightly acquainted with, or versed in ; half- 
learned : na mo;io. 

Syn. NAMAMONO-JIRI. 

HANKEN j\ v >r ^ fi% fil n. Copy -right: - 

menkyo, license. 
HANKETSU ^^^ry ^i) ^ n. (leg.) Judicial 

decision: ro/cu, judicial reports (books). 



HAN 



185 



HAN 



Half year ; half of a 
n. Half the money or 
n. A kind of letter 



HANKI ;> v ^ = $fl n. 

fixed term. 
HAXKIN j\ v ^ v = ^ 

price of anything. 
HANKIRI ^ ^ % } ) % 

paper. 
HANKO ^ v 3 ^^ (ushiro wo kaerimirn) Look- 

ing back on the past ; retrospection ; re-exami- 

nation. 
HANKO ^NV#$ Jj^f n - A block used in 

printing : snru. to print, publish. 
HANKOKD ;N v 3 ^ jfel^J (hori-mnvnsn) suru, 

to recut blocks for printing; to republish. 
HANKORON ^ ^ n n v n. Semicolon. 
HANKOYA s^> z/ Ji $ -^ ft% ft F n - ^ printing 

office ; a block-cutter. 
HANKO J^t/ 9 s ;z. n. Half a day's work of a 

workman : kakarimashita, has required 

half a day's work. 
HANKWA ;N v ^ 7 f$ ^ n. Prosperity ; thriv- 

ing, bustling, (of places) : na tochi, a 

flourishing place. 
HAXKWAI ^^9^4 = P3 n - Semi-civiliza- 

tion. 

HAXKYO ^ v ^ -f; ? ^ n. A small bow. 
HAXXEX ;N 2^3- V i ^ n. Half a year. 
HAXXICHI >>NV^.f- = ft n. Half a day. 
HAXXIX ;N v v 1] A n. An iudorser ; surety, 

a bondsman ; security. 

Syn. UKEAI KIN, SHONIN. 

HAXXIN j\ v v ^t /^ n. Half a day's work 
of a laborer ; a pimp, procurer : hodo 
kaktitta, have done half a day's work. 
HAX-XIX ^v^v 1] Q n. Appointment to 

office by the heads of public departments. 
HANNOKI ^ v ) * -fa $& n. A kind of tree, 
black alder, tlie Alnus japonica. 

YA >>v^.-Y ^^ n. (Sansc. Pradjna) 
-'lorn; one of the six Bud. virtues; the 
name of a canonical book of the Buddhists. 
HANKI '>v; $|$| n. A wall, enclosure. 

.."> -N v 7 V $ ;$ (wfizurmcaxhi) n. Pains; 
trouble in behalf of another : nanji no wo 
, I thank you for your trouble. 



'* ^ 7 

Syn. BOKP. 



Burnt offering. 
HASSAN 



(hone-ori) n. Labor. 

(yafci sonacmono) n. 
^ n. An abortion; 



miscarriage. 

' * $ 
ng; (of trade 
HANSKI 



(a*an) Flourishing ; 
of a city). 

(mtzu/fara fca^r/mtru) n. 

Self-examination ; introspection : mi wo 
mm, to examine oneself. 

HAMUI ;>vte>f ^ j (fada/u*t m kattu) 
Bestoring order (of a country): hatturan 
hantei. 

HINHKKI "v-fe* ^IH n. The census of a 
Aan or daimiatc. 

"n **y 2^i| n. Half a cent. 

HlKSBTRO /N V -te ^ ^ & (/iin.fcn IM) n. A 

"rat expression or statement, not particular 
nitc. 

^ v -k 7 ^^ir n. A small kakimono 



containing a maxim, or motto ; specimen of 

chirography. 
HANSHA ^v^-V J$J (ikaenn) Shooting back 

(an arrow) ; reflection (as of light) : suru, 

to reflect, shoot back. 

HANSHI ^ ^ *, ^ ^ n. A kind of paper. 
HANSHI > v ^ ^ ^ n. A vassal or retainer 

of a daimyo. 
HANSHIN ^ ^ ^ v ^ g n. A rebel ; revolted 

servant. 

Syn. MUHON NIN. 
HANSHIN ^^^^ fc'Z? (somnku kokoro) n. 

Intending revolt or rebellion: *uru, to de- 
vise or purpose rebellion. 
HANSHITA s^zsSsft fi% \~ n. The copy used 

in cutting blocks. 
HANSHITA-KAKI ^^^9^^- ^'fW The 

person who writes the copy by which blocks 

are cut. 
HANSHO ^vS^^^lfn. A small bell; a 

fire-bell. 
HANSHO >>Nv-fe^ ^1^ (teri-kaesu) suru. to 

shine back, reflect. 
HANSHOKU j\^ $s ? 9 ^M n f to in. 

crease, as property, animals ; to multiply, 

abound. 

Syn. FUKRU. 
HANSHU s\ v ^ =L ^ ^. n. The lord of a Jian; 

a daimyo ; feudal lord. 
HANSOKD >Nvy 9 fc{ft] (somuku koto) Turning 

over from one side to the other ; rebellious 

conduct. 
HANSURI ;N v ^ 9 ^ ff| n. A printer; or one 

who takes the impression from the blocks ; 

a pressman. 
HANTA ^ v 9 f$ ^ Busy ; actively employed ; 

hard at work ; full of business : m tori- 

magireru, to be distracted with a press of 

business; hanta ni tsitki hatdto xhitsuni'n 

itaxhimashita, I have so much to do that I 

quite forgot it. 

Syn. isooASHii, REWASHII, TATO. 
HANTAI v ft 4 fcjft Opposite ; contrary ; 

antithesis ; contrast : snru, to oppose, act 

contrary to; kit*u to kyd wa li<int<ti iiiiri. 

lucky and unlucky are the opposites of each 

other. 

Syn. UBA-OMOTE, URA-HARA. 

HANTEI >\vT4 ^JSp n. The place where 
a dnhnt/r> resides in the capital. 

HANTEI ;N v T 4 p\ i n. (leg.) Decision ; judg- 
ment: guru, to decide, pass judgment upon. 

HANTEN ^vT^ ^W^C u- A kind of short 
coat, worn by workmen. 

HANTO ^v> &i n. (cliein.) Alumina. 

HANTO >>>) ifcQ adv. Halfway ; halfdone ; 
hiilf-through : iknsa tro hanto de yninrnt, to 
stop fighting while only half through ; thi/joto 
wo hanto de yameru, to stop work when only 
half done. 
Syn. CHOTO. 

KB '** T tijffi, n. (coll.) A person who 
has lost his t< - 

KKOORI ^NJK p i? 9 ft Jft J^ n. A niyult- 
ing bird. 



HAN 



186 



HAK 



HANUKI > * * %$ f n. Tooth forceps ; a 

person who extracts teeth. 
HANYO ^ v 3 # f|? $ Busy ; full of business. 

Syn. HANTA, TAYO. 

HANZA ;\ v-^* ^ j<g Half a seat ; part of my seat, 
as in the phrase: gokuraku de wo wakete 
machi oru zo, I will have part of my seat (on 
the lotus flower) waiting for you in paradise, 
(as a dying husband says to his wife). 

HAKZA ^tstf ^.^A n. Bringing back upon 
one's self the punishment of a crime of which 
he had falsely accused another. 

HANZAI ;\ >"$'j( ^ if (tmmi wo okasu) n. (leg.) 
Commission of an offense or crime. 

HANZATSU >N ss*f y |? $ (shigeku ani) Con- 
fusion; disorder; complex; busy; bustling. 

HANZEN >^ v-tfv 8$; (hirugaeru) adv. Turn- 
ing about ; changing one's course of life : 
to ayamachi wo amtameru. 

HANZEN ;\vtfv 1J $ (hakkiri) adv. Plainly; 
clearly; distinctly: towakaru; to no- 
burn. 

HANZO s\ v y* $ = $j n. A small wooden tub ; 
wash-basin. 

HANZOKU ;NV/^ $ $$ (muhon-niri) n. One 
engaged in rebellion or treason against the 
government or prince ; a rebel, traitor, insur- 
gent. 

HANZURU ^ v - >i- 1] Same as hanjiru. 

HAORI y\ % y % $$ n. A coat : wo kiru, to 
put on a coat ; no eri, the collar of a coat ; 
no sode, the sleeve of a coat ; no machi, 
the gore of a coat ; no /u'wo, the cord which 
fastens a coat. 

HAORI,-RU ;\ ft >u t.v. (coll.) To put over loosely 
(as a coat). 

HAOTO ;N $ Y n. The sound of wings, or of 
flying. 

HAPPA s\ y X Eight times eight ; sixty-four. 

HAPPI '^ y h* ? ^ n. A kind of coat worn by 
the followers of nobles ; i.q. hnnipi. 

HAPPO j^y ,Sty A ; Eight sides ; all about : 
shi-ho happo, all sides ; every side. 

HAPPO ^ y ;M f.fi n. Firing a gun. 

HAPPU >\ y -/ | jff (kami to hudae) n. Hair 
and skin : shin-tai happu kore wo fubo ni uku, 
our whole body is gotten from our parents. 

HAPPU ;N y 7* f ft swu, to issue, pub- 
lish : shimbun jurei ico . 

HAPPURI ^y 79 gfj $% n. Armor for covering 
the forehead ; a frontlet. 

HAPPYAKU ^y b %J r * A 1 ^ n. Eight hundred. 

HAPPYO-ZAI ^ y ^ y y 4 ^ fe fy] n . (med.) A 
diaphoretic medicine. 

HARA ^ y ffi n. A moor, prairie ; a wild, un- 
cultivated region. 

HARA J\ 7 ^ The belly; abdomen ; (met.) mind; 
conscience ; heart ; anger ; spleen : 710 uchi, 
in the belly ; in the heart or mind ; ga tatsii, 
to be angry ; wo kiru, to commit suicide by 
cutting the belly ; ga hern, to be hungry ; hara 
wo siiate kfikurn, to keep one's self-possession 
and bide the time ; hara ni aru, have it in 
mind; hara ga naru, to have a rumbling in 
the belly; ga Kudaru, the bowels are loose; 



shita hara. the hypogastric region ; yoko-hara, 
the side of the belly ; wo saguru, to search 
the heart ; wo mesaruru, to commit suicide; 
hara no wand hito, a bad hearted man ; de 
warau, to laugh in one's sleeve, hara ga an, to be 
of the same mind; hara no nai, pusillanimous ; 
hara no okii hito, a magnanimous man ; ippai 
mint, to see all one wishes ; kitanashi, evil 
intent ; takashi, pregnant ; hara knroki o 
ba, black-hearted woman ; yatsu wo sono mama 
ni oite wa hara ga ienai, if I let that fellow go 
unpunished my heart will never be at ease. 

HARA-ATE >\ 7 f 7* $ "g" n. A cloth worn over 
the chest and belly ; armor for covering the 
abdomen. 

HARABAI.-AU >\9 ,17 $g |0 i.v. To lie on the 
belly; to creep: htirnbatte neru, or harabai 
ni neru, to sleep lying on the belly. 

HARADACHI s\ 7 jf 1- flg & n. (coll.) Anger ; 
angry. 

Syn. RIPPUKU. 

HARADACHI,-TSD ;\ 7 ;f y i.v. To be angry: 
uui <jire ni hito wo butsu, to be carried away 
with anger and beat a person. 

Syn. IKARD, IKIDORU. 

HARAOAWARI j\ 7 -ft ^ ; ||. #| n. Different 
mother but the same father : no kyddai, 
half-brothers; no ani, half-brother. 

HARAOOMORI J^y^f^y BSfl n Pregnancy; 
gestation ; in utero : kono ko ga no toki ni, 
while pregnant with this child; no ko, a 
fetus. 

HARAOONASHI ^ 3 3* * ^ vft' ^ n. (coll.) Pro- 
moting digestion ; assisting digestion : ni 
achi-kochi aruku, to walk about to promote 
digestion ; ni shigoto wo suru, to work in 
order to assist digestion. 

HARAOURO ^ 7 / p $%? rw, black-hearted; 
malicious : na hito. 
Syn. IJIWARC, AKU-SHIX. 

HAUAGUROKI.-KU.-SHI j\ 7 / P *s adj. Black- 
hearted ; malicious ; malignant. 

HARA-HARA-TO VN 7 >>N 7 adv. The sound of 
rustling, as of silk, or of leaves blown by the 
wind ; the sound of tears dropping, or of cry- 
ing: namida wo nagasu. 

HARAI >> 7 b $n. A payment; selling; clearing 
off: wo sui u. to make a settlement of a bill. 

HARAI >> ^ b ? n. Shinto prayers: wo 
yoinu. 

HARAI.-AU ;N 7 7 ffi t.v. To clear away, drive 
away, expel ; to pay ; to sell off: kane wo , to 
pay money ; kaujv ico , to settle an account; 
gomi wo , to dust, clear away dirt ; aknma wo 
, to expel or exorcise evil spirits ; wazawai wo 
, to turn away or clear off misfortune ; harai- 
mono, an article not wanted, and for sale; 
harai-giwa no warui hito, a person slow in 
paying debts ; atari ico , to clear away all 
about him ; temae wo , to clear all before 
him. 

HARAI-DASHI,-SD ^7 b ^'^ t.v. To pny out, 
expel. 

HARAI-KOMI,-MD >N 7 b ^ A t.v. To pay in ; 
to sweep into, drive into. 



HAR 



187 



HAR 



HABAI-MODOSHI.-SU . y b ^ F * t.v. To pay 

back. 
HARAISE s\ J J( -to n. Dispelling or venting 

anger: ni sake iro nomu ; ni akkd 100 in. 
HARA-ITAMI ^ y 4 2 5 H 9! (fuku-tsu) u. 

Colic ; belly-ache. 
HARAI-WATASHI,-SU ;> 7 b V 9 * t.v. To pay 

over. 
HARAKAKE ^^^^ftg^n. A cloth covering 

tied over the chest and abdomen. 
IHARAKARA ^ =7 -f] y \s] $g ii. Brother or 

sister ; born of the same mother. 

Syn. KYODAI, SHIMAI. 
HARAKIRI ;\ y % 9 ^7 M n. Suicide by cutting 

open the abdomen. 

Syn. SEPPUKU. 
HARAKDDARI ^ 7 9 jf |) v$J? n ' A. diarrhoea; 

bowel-complaint. 
HARAMAKI j\ y v ^ % n. Armor for the 

abdomen, or any bandage or cloth around the 

abdomen. 
HARAMASE,-RU ;> y v -fe A* <- i (caust. of 7ia- 

ra;/ii) To impregnate. 

4HARAMEKi,-Ku s\ y ^ ^ i.v. To fall in scat- 
tering drops; to patter (as rain drops). 
HARAMI ;^ 7 S Zjz n. Pregnancy ; conception. 
HARAMI,-MU - y A ^ i.v. To be pregnant ; 

to conceive ; to be with child ; to bulge out : 

onna go, haranda, the woman is pregnant; 

harami onna, a pregnant woman ; haramanu 

knxnri, medicine to prevent conception ; hara- 

mi-znki, month of conception. 

Syn. MIOOMORU, NINSHIN SUBU, KWAININ, 

KWAITAI 8URU. 

HARAN j\ y ^ j$ ;|j (nami) n. Wave; billow; 

surge : kaze nul:i ni wo okosn. 
HABA-OBI s\ y * t' 2Jz $r n. A belly-band ; a 

saddle girth. 

Syn. IWATA-OBI. 
HARABAOASHI.-SC j\ J J if *, t.v. To scatter, 

disperse ; to put to flight, rout : telti wo . 
HARARAOI.-OU ^ 7 7 / i.v. To be scattered, 

routed, dispersed, put to flight. 
HUUBAOO ^ 7 7 d* 3- n. Fish-roe (of 

salmon) ; milt. 
HABASB.-BU /% ^ -te A- <>fe (caust. of hari) To 

cause or order to spread, or paste. 
HARASHI.-SO ^y^ g t.v. To clear away, 

drive av. ; :8 pc'l ; to swell : ikiduri wo 

, to dispel anger; mayoi wo , to dispel 

doubt. 
HARASUJI J * <p $% ffi n. The nerves or 

ligament H of UP :i : wo yum, to 

laulj heartily. Syn. OKABHII, HEN-NA. 
HAJUTACHI.-TSU ^ ? f y i.v. Same as hara- 

dattu. 

HAATACniPPOI,-KU,-HHI ^ ) 9 + ? jjf J( dj. 

(ooll.) Jrawjible; irritable; peevish; touchy; 
Ustv. 

HAA xa s\ 9 * * ., * adj. Ex- 

. ritatiug ; prove , 
EI 9 I* 9 n. Atthampooer. 
n. AMMA. 

THOZUMI /^y y/ \ n. Drumming upon 
the belly : ico uite yorokobu. 
M 



HARAWARE,-RU ^ y ^ v A* (pass, and pot. of 
harai) To be driven away, expelled ; to be 
cleared away ; to be paid: harawarenu (ucg.) 
cannot be . 

HARAWASE.-RU ^N^^N-fe^ (caust. of ha rat) To 
cause or let another drive away, or pay. 

HARAWATA ;\ 7 y ft 1% n. The bowels ; 
intestines: wo shiboru, to squeeze the 
bowels (to feel vexed or angry) ; ga chigi- 
reru, bowels rent (with grief). 

HARAYA ^ 7 "V ff $fr n. A preparation of 
mercury used as a medicine. 

HARE s\ is n. Clear weather; public or con- 
spicuous place ; state occasion: no basho, 
id.; /f yd wo to ki-kfizant. 

HARE J^ \s Jj| n. A swelling: hare ga liiita, 
the swelling has gone down. 

HARE.-RU s\ ^ A- B* i.v. To be cleared away, 
dispelled ; to be clear, open ; without con- 
cealment ; public : ame ga , the rain has 
cleared off; tenlu ga hareta, the weather has 
cleared off ; utagai ga , doubts are dispelled; 
tenka harete no shdbai, a business publicly 
carried on ; tenkti harete omae no nyubo, publicly 
known to be your wife. 

HARE.-RU s\ \^^ ^ i.v. To be swollen : me ga 
, eye is swollen ; harr-agam, to swell up. 

HARE-BARE j\\s,i\s %$$& adv. Clear; bright; 
open; unclouded; easy in mind: ki ico kittara 

8/u'fa, when the trees are cut away it be- 
comes, clear; yd wo snmashite s/u'fa, by 
doing up one's business to feel free and easy. 

HAREBARESHII,-KI-KU ^\ u/-? u ^4 B* Sf ac U- 
Fine; splendid: hataraki da t a splendid 
action. 

Syn. APPARE, HANABANASHII. 

HAREOI >\\s*f fe |fc n. Dress-clothes worn 
on going out, or on special occasions ; holiday 
clothes. 

HAREMA s\ v^r n. Clear spaces or intervals 
between the clouds or rain: wo mitt kacru. 

HAREMONO t^ts^ ) j|j| ify n. A swelling; a boil. 
Syn. SHUMOTSU. 

HARE-NA s\\s+ iffi adj. Fine ; grand ; illus- 
trious; eminent; heroic; public: waza, a 
daring, heroic feat. 

HARERUYA s\isfl' Ji t (Heb. kami wo home yo) 
Praise ye the Lord. 

HARETSU ^ ^ y $& Q Explosion ; rupture ; 
bursting: guru, to burst, explode, blow 
up, rupture : dnma, a bomb-shell ; gii'an, 
id.; ghiuzo , rupture of heart. 

AKANA >\\s Y u -h adj. Clear; unclouded; 
bright; cleared; <>p< n ; manifest: tftiki, 
clear weather ; tokoro, an open place cleared 
of trees. 

1 1 M.I j\ ; |f n. A needle, pin; a sting; a 
stitch : H- o bo ni in, to exaggerate, magnify ; 

no me, the eye of a needle ; no g*iki, tho 
lit of a needle ; wo uUu, or tro hinfm, 

to insert tint nec.lle in nriipuncturr ; hnchi 
no , the sting of a bee ; hito nu, to put m 
astit.-li 

HABI /N ; $ n. A thorn. 
Syn. TOOL 



EAR 



188 



HAS 



HARI >N 9 *g n. The heavy beams in a roof. 
Syn. UTSUBARI. 

HARI ;\ 9 ^ J^5 n. Glass ; crystal : hariki, 
glass-ware ; harishi, glass-maker. 

HARI j^ 9 n. Used as a numeral in counting 
bows, tents, mosquito nets, etc. 

HARI,-RU ^ A- $ t.v. To paste over, nail over, 
spread over ; to slap, strike : kami wo , to 
paper (a wall) ; ita wo , to board over, 
weather-board, clapboard; atama wo , to 
glap the head (of another); (fig.) to take a 
certain percentage from the wages of those 
whom one has aided in finding employment ; 
to squeeze ; shoji wo ham, to paper a screen ; 
karalcasa wo , to make an umbrella. 

HARI,-RU ^ A- f& t.v. To stretch, spread, 
open ; to extend ; to display, exhibit ; to boast; 
to urge or allege in argument ; (i.v.) : to be 
swollen, distended : ynvii ico , to bend a 
bow; nawawo , to stretch out a line; ami 
wo , to spread a net ; mine wo , to display 
the wares of a shop ; omote wo , to endeavour 
to keep lip appearances; hiji icn , to spread 
the elbows, i.e. to swagger, bluster; iji wo , 
to be obstinate; ki wo , to strain every 
nerve ; el;en wo , to strive to make a good 
show in the world ; vie wo , to stare ; chichi 
ga , the breasts are distended (with milk) ; 
shigoto ga , to be overburdened with work. 

HARI,-RU >N A- i.v. To bud : aoyagi ga , the 
willow tree is budding. 
Syn. MEGUMU, KIZASU. 

HARI.-RU >>\ A- fg t.v. To clear new land and 
bring it under cultivation: kinhi wo ta ni ; 
yama wo hatake ni . Syn. KAIKON SURU. 

HARI-AGE.-RU s^ 9 ~f f A- t.v. To spread aloft ; 
lift up : ho wo , to set a sail ; koe wo , to 
lift up the voice. 

HARI-AI ^ 9 7 b ^^ n. Emulation; rivalry; 
competition ; a striving together ; contending 
or struggling with : ga nai, dispirited, dis- 
couraged. 

HARI-AI,-AU ^ 9 f y $s ^ i- v * To rival ; to 
vie with each other ; to emulate, compete. 

HARIAI-NIN J^ y 7 \s ~ z/ n. A rival ; competitor. 

HARI-BAKO ^ 9 >* a } |g n. A needle-box ; a 
lady's work-box. 

HARIBAN ^ 9 ***' n. A sentinel, sentry, watch. 

HARIDAMASHII j\*)jf^Ss n. Stout-hearted; 
resolute ; bold ; having a spirit determined 
not to give way or yield: ga yurumu, his 
resolution gave way. 

HARIDASHI.-SU ^ 9 #'*. ^^ t.v. To jut out, 
protrude, swell out, stretch out. 

HARIFUDA ^ 9 y j? ^ $L n. A placard, hand- 
bill pasted up, poster. 

HARIGAMI ^ 9 -# 3 $g fa n . A note pasted to 
a communication, and containing the reply 
to its inquiry ; a placard, poster. 
Syn. SAGEFUDA. 

HARIGANE s\ ; ^^ ^ $$ n. Wire. 

HARM ,\ 9 4 & igf n . A needle doctor; one 
who performs acupuncture. 

HARMKA ^ 9 J u n. A species of cuttle-fish. 

HABI-IBK j\ v 4 ** &f A n. A needle-case. 



HARI-ITA s* 9 4 ? ^ }& n. The board on which 

the clothes are stretched and dried after 

washing. 
HARIKO >> 9 3 9&ff n - Anything made of 

paper ; papier-mache. 
HARIKOMI.-MU ^ 9 a * ?& a* i.v. To stretch : 

harikonde /caw, to buy an article regardless of 

the price ; yumi wo harikonde oka, to k^ep 

the bow bent. 
HARIME ^ 9 * J$ Q n. The edge or seam 

formed by joining paper, cloth, wood, etc., 

together. 
HARIMEGINTJ s\ V > ^5? n. A garment made 

of different colored patches. 
HARIMONOTA ;N 9 ^ ) -V n. A fuller of cloth. 
HARINEZUMI ^ 9 ^ y $ $o n - A hedgehog. 
HARINUKI >N 9 5? ^ ^ ^ n. Articles made of 

a kind of papier-mache. 
HARI-RIYOJI >\ 9 ^*? ? n. Treatment of disease 

by acupuncture. 
HARI-SAKE,-RU ^ 9 -^ f A- 5^2gJ i.v. To tear 

by stretching, or expanding: atama ga hari- 

sakp.ru yd ni itcii, h< j a<l aches ready to burst. 
HARITSUKH ^N 9 ? P l>fe n. Punishment by 

crucifixion and spearinp. 
HARI-TSDKE,-RU ^ 9 7 ? A- J$ PH t.v. To 

paper ; to paste over with paper. 
HAIUYA s\ 9 ? $ Q n A needle maker, or 

seller. 
HARI-YABDRI,-RU y> 9 -V ~f ** $& $fc t.v. To tear 

by stretching. 
HARD ^ A- ^. n. The spring; the first of the 

four seasons : wo omnu, to be wanton. 
HARU-BARD >\ * X A- i^ ^ adv. Far; distant' 

to hum, to come from afar. 
HARUBE >\ A-^ n. Spring time. 
HARUBI ^NA-h* $ n. A saddle-girth=7mra-o&i, 
HARUBI ^N A- tf ^. g n. A spring day. 
HARUOO ^ A- d* ^. ^ n. Produced or bred 

in the spring ; a bilk-worm that breeds but 

once a year. 
HARUOOKORO r* A- :f a n Wanton or lustful 

desires ; gallantries. 
HARUKA f^^-fj 5$a adj. Far; distant; remote ; 

estranged; very; much: ni mieru, seen from 

a distance ; ni mataru, much better; ni 

hedatsn, widely separated ; mnktishi, remote 

antiquity; m omou, not concerned about. 
HARrKEKi,-KU-8Hi ^N A- >r *s adj. Distant; far 

off ; remote. 

fHARUKi,-Ku ^ A. ? t.v. Same as Hiraku. 
HARDMEKI,-KU ^ *- * y i.v. To be spring-like; 

have the appearance of spring: atataka de 

harumeite WMirimathita, owing to the warmth 

it begins to look like spring. 
HARC-NO-MIYA s^ A- ) ^ -y n . The heir- 
apparent. Syn. TOGU, TAISHI. 
HARUSAKI ^ A- ) ^ n. Spring time : no ame, 

spring rains. 

HARUSAME s\ ;Hf j ^ ^ n. Spring rains. 
HASAI s^lr 4 & 3IL (yaburi kudaku) turn, to 

break in pieces. 
HASAMARI,-RU ;\1r * * ^ i.v. To be between 

two other things : ha no aida ni uwo no hone ga 

hasamatta, a bone has got between the teeth. 



HAS 



139 



HAS 



HASAMI x^- ' ^ 7J n. Scissors: de kiru, 
to cut with scissors. 

HASAMI,-MU ;>1f A $? t.v. To take, place, 
insert, or hold between two other things ; to cut 
with scissors ; to harbor, cherish, entertain : 
ha*hi de nwo iro , to take fish with chop- 
sticks ; hana wo hon no aida ni hasand? oku, 
to place a flower between the leaves of a book ; 
hibashi de hi wo hasamu, to take up fire with 
tongs ; hon wo waki no shita ni , to hold a 
book under the arm. 

::. IDAKU. 

MI-BAKO >N^ ^ /^3 ^ |g n. A black box 
fixed to each end of a pole and carried over 
the shoulder (used only by persons of rank); 
(fig.) the mumps. 

U-BAKO ^-9*5x?3 n. A box or case for 
keeping scissors in. 

HASAMI-IRE,-BU s\-yr ' >f \, $fjX t.v. To take 
up with sticks or fingers and put in ; to inter- 
leaf, interline. 

HASAMI-KIRI.-RU j\yr $ % *, ^^7 t.v. To cut 
with scissors. 

HASAMI-MDSHI ,\ -9- ^ A ;, n. The earwig, a 
species of Forficula. 

HASAMI-UCHI ;\-fl- S ^f- ${$ n. An attack 
on each flank at the same time : ni sum, 
to attack on each flank. 

HASAN ;N -if +/ $& ^ n Bankuptcy , in- 
solvency. 

Syn. BUSSAN. 

HASE,-RU ^-b^ f t.v. and i.v.. To ride fast; 
to gallop i to run ; to hasten, urge on : wna 
wo , to gallop or run a horse ; kwan-raku 
ni kokoro wo , to strive after happiness. 

HASE-ATSUMARI,-RU ;\ -b f y v n- | S i.v. 
To ride together, to assemble by riding to- 
gether; to run together. 

HABE-CHIGAI,-AU ^^zf-ify | $ i.v. To ride 
and miss ; to ride past each other. 

HASE-KAERI,-RU >N-b*-x>u | $k i.v. To ride 
or run back ; to gallop back. 

HAKE-KIESHI.-BO j\tu^x> $ ^ t.v. and i.v. 
To cause to ride back ; to send back in haste ; 
to gallop back. 

HAO-KITARI,-RU ^ -b % $ /t- $ $j* i.v. To 
come fast on horse-back, to come in haste. 

HAB-KUBABK ^ -b 9 J -? n. i.q. hathiri- 
knrabe. 

HABE-MAIRI,-RU ;>-te-r#/i- $&$^ i- v To run 
and come. 

HAE-MAWARI,-RU j^ -to * s^ A* J& ?3 i.v. To 
ride fast or run around; to gallop around. 

HAKE-MONO >-te^6 7 n. Anything in one's way; 
obstruction, impediment. 

HA-MUKAI,-AC /\ -te A u y |^^j i.v. T. 
fant to meet; to gallop opposite to ; to run to 



HASF.N />ir * ffc |j^ n. A shipwreck : $hita, 

wrecked. 
HAW-THOKI.-KU ^*y 9 %f}- i.v. To 

gallop, or run and overtake. 
Eu*HAOA8Hi,-Hn 'Nix-Y*** (cauHt. of hathayi) 
To cause t^ 

/\ i, Y V *| n. Dryneti ; aridity. 



HASHAGI,-GU ^ s^-y ?' tfi i.v. (coll.) To be dry; 
arid; parched; to frolic; to be playful: tsuchi 
go, , the ground is dry ; kuchi ga ; inu 
gn , the dog is frolicsome. 
Syn. KAWAKU. 

HASHI s\ i/ ^ n. A bridge : wo kakeni, to 
throw a bridge across ; hashi bnshin snru, to 
build or repair a bridge ; tro ira<in/, to cross 
a bridge ; no rankan, the rail of a bridge ; 
ippon-bashi, a bridge made of one stick ; Jiashi- 
zitme, end of a bridge. 

HASHI j\Ss %$ n. Chop-sticks: de Jia*amn t 
to take up with chop-sticks ; wo torn, to take 
the chopsticks; no age-oroshi, frequently or 
constantly. 

HASHI ^ v' $ n. The bill or beak of a bird. 
Syn. KUCHIBASHI. 

HASHI ^ jx * n. The edge, margin, brink, 
side, end, extremity ; a small piece, fragment ; 
the origin, commencement, elementary prin- 
ciples, starting point, root, source, bud : ito 
no , the end of a thread ; michi no , side of 
a road; tsukite no , the edge of a table; 
hashi jika, near the edge ; arusoi no hashi wo 
hihi-dasu, lit. to draw out the point of a dis- 
pute ; to come near falling out. 
Syn. FUCHI, HAJI. 

HASHIBAMI ;\ v',-? 5 ^ n. Hazel or filbert, the 
Corylus heterophilla. 

HASHI-BASHI ^N^/^i^ &$ n. Four sides; 
extreme or distant parts. 

HASHIBUNE ^\ $s -/^ ^ flj n. A small boat. 

HASHIDATE ^ Ss ft" j- ffi n. A ladder. 
Syn. HASHIOO. 

HASHI-GAXI ^\ s^^ ^ ffi-$^ n. The preface to 
a book ; also postscript, appendix. 

HASHIOO -JN v' rf ^ n. A. ladder, stairs : no 
ko, the rungs of a ladder ; wo knkeru, to put 
up a ladder ; wo nohnm, to go up a laddrr. 

HASHIGUI ^ I* / 4 $j $ u. The wooden piles 
which support a bridge. 

HASHI-ITA ;* v' j jt ^ |^ n. Floor of a bridge. 

HASHIKA ^*>U u. The beard of wheat. 
Syn. NOGI. 

HASHIKA ;N ^ ft ^ ^ n. The measles : wo 
sun/, to have the measles. 
Syn. MASHIN. 

HASHIKAKE ;N Ss D p Ifc j n. A mediator, go- 
between : sn/, to mediate, 

HASHIKE.-RU ^ a^ ^ ^ t.v. To unload, or take 
out cargo from a ship by boat loads : ni wo , 
to unload goods. 

HASHIKE-BDNE f^^^-f^ n. A cargo -boat; 
a small boat. 

IIKK.VAHHI J* ^>"Y v- intorj. How lovely. 

IHASHIKI ^ i, * adj. Dear ; beloved : tstuntt, 
beloved wif.-. 
Syn. KAWAII. 

i KOI.-KI-KD-8HI -"IrM adj. Sin 

; sagacious ; clever ; active ; smart; 
running. Syn. KASIIIKOI, niKo. 

^ %> n Tne & ftr(1 of a 

l)ridj; 1 ; u brid^e-ke' 

> & A it 7 adj. Growing up 01 
living together. 



HAS 



140 



HAS 



HASHINAKTT ;> 5s ? if adv. Bashly. 

HA-SHIO x'Nv'Tfr n. The tartar that collects 
about the teeth ; i.q. hajiwo. 

HASHIRA j\ $s y ^. n. A post, pillar, column ; a 
mast; the numeral for gods: wo tateru, to 
set up a post ; fca&us/tt, pictures or inscrip- 
tions hung against the pillars of a house to 
hide them ; hashira-date wo suru, to set up 
the framework of a house. 

HASHIKASHI,-SU s\ Is 7 ^ ^> ^ (caust. of hashiri) 
To make to run or sail: mizn wo waki ye , 
to make the water flow off to one side. 

HASHIRI s\ 2^ ] ) pfc n. The first fruits, or first 
caught fish of the season ; first goods ; the 
running, flow, movement : kono to wa ga 
yoi, this door moves easily. 

HASHIRI,-RU sMsii- ^ i.v. To run ; to move 
fast; to flee; to flow, or sail fast: nma ga , 
the horse runs ; fune ga , the ship sails ; 
mizn ga , the water flows swiftly; hito ga 
, the man runs ; chi ga , the blood flows ; 
katana ga hashitta, the sword has dropped out 
of the sheath ; hashiri-agaru, to run up ; ha- 
ihiri-kaeru, to run back ; hashiri -idem, to run 
out; hashiri-koeru, to run across; hashiri- 
kudaru, to run down ; ha*hiri-mnwarn, to run 
around; hashiri-mukau, to run to meet ; ha- 
shiri-tobu, to run ; hashiri-yoru, to run near. 

Syn. KAKERU, TOBU. 

HASHIRIBI ;\ *s 5 tf n. Sparks. 
Syn. TOBIHI. 

HASHIRIGAKI ;\ jx i; ^ 3* ^ ^ n . Fast writ- 
ing ; a running hand. 

HASHIRI-HODASHI v> $, 9 & yf $/ n> Shackles 
(on horses). 

HASHIRIJI ^$>y ^ & ft n. Bleeding piles. 

HASHIRI-KDRABE s\ ^ ; ? ? ^ ^ j|$ n. A trial 
of fleetness ; a race. 

HASHITA ;NX* s n. A fraction, fragment; 
an imperfect part; mean ; low ; awkward : nt 
naru, to be imperfect, broken, insufficient ; 
ga dem, there is a little over ; a fragment too 
much. 

Syn. FDSOKU, HAMPA. 

HASHITAKA, or HAITAKA s\ jx # n. A species 
of female falcon. 

HASHITAME or HASHITA J\Ss X * $. ~fr n. A 
female servant : ha*hita-unn<i, id. 

HASHITAMONO ^v-*^; n. A servant; any 
mean or low thing. 

HASHITANAI,-KI-KD-SHI ^ ^ ? + J adj. Low; 
mean ; of humble condition ; in speaking hum- 
bly of one's self ; diffident ; backward ; reserved ; 
not intimate ; not acquainted ; not familiar 
(obs.). 

HASHITANAMI,-MU ^ Ss St + A t.v. To ill-treat ; 
treat rudely or roughly. 
Syn. MUGE NI NASU. 

HASHITOMI ^ ^ h 3 n. The lower leaf of a 
door of two leaves, the upper leaf being opened 
by pushing up, and the lower remaining 
stationary. 

tHASHi-uo ;N ^ # > n . A maker of clay 
images. 

tHAsuizuMA s\ ^ */ v n. Beloved wife. 



HASHIZDME ;\x/,* ffi tf n. The foot of a 
bridge ; the place where a bridge joins on to 
the land. 

HASHOFU ^l^^^y ^ISM Lock-jaw ; 
tetanus. 

HASHORI *\ ^ ? 'jl jfo ft n. The tuck or 
shortening made in the skirts by girding them 
under the belt : wo orosu, to let down the 
skirts. 

HASHORI,-RU ^ J' ? * ^,^ t.v. (coll.) To 
shorten ; to tuck up ; to reduce in length ; ab- 
breviate ; to portion : shiri 100 , to tuck up 
the skirt of the long coat by sticking it under 
the girdle ; bun wo , to abbreviate a writing; 
kaimono wo , to cheat or defraud a person 
for whom one is buying anything by charging 
more than it cost ; to squeeze ; suji too hasliotU 
okn, to leave work slovenly done. 

Syn. HABUKU, MIJIKAKU SDRU. 

IHASODE ^ y ? n. Feather garments, such as 
are worn by trniiin. 

HASON >\ y ^ fi^lg (yabnre sokonan) n. Damage; 
injury: snru, to damage, injure; wo 
tsukitrau, to repair a damaged place. 

Syn. ITAME, YABURE. 

HASSAKU ;N y ^ 9 A $| (hachi gatsu no 
tstiitachi) n. The first day of the eighth 
mouth. 

HASSAN j\ y ^ ^ A ^ n. The rule of division 
in arithmetic. 

HABSEN v\ y -b +/ A =f- n. Eight thousand. 

HASSEN -N y -b z/ A 3$ n. An unlucky period 
of 12 days in the summer. 

HASSEN ^ y -b ^ ^ J!JA (funade) Sailing of a 
ship from port. 

HASSHA ^y $,*? ^^L The departure of 
railway trains and stages : jikoku-injo, a 
time-table. 

HASSHI ;\ y x adv. The sound made by 
striking any hard substances together : to 
i/fsw; to uke-tomeru; cho-cho to tuta 
kuii. 

HASSHI,-SD ^N 5 ^ ^ t.v. or i.v. To send out ; 
to issue; to burst forth ; to rouse, excite; to 
open out (as a flower) ; to manifest ; to display, 
appear ; to produce, give rise to, develop ; to 
flash out : gunzei wo , to send forth an 
army ; toki no koe wo , to raise a shout ; 
netsu wo , to have a fever ; ikari wo , to 
be angry ; hi ga , the fire flashed up. 
Syn. OKOSU, HIRAKTT. 

HASSHIN s^yls*/ ij'$ n. (med.) Eruption; 
eruptive. 

HASSHIN s^y 3s ss ^^ sum, to despatch 
a message. 

HASSHO s\ y 2^ $ j\% The eight Buddhist sects 
viz., ritsu ; kit* ha i^^"J jojitsu J&'ff ; hosso 
$i tB J *anron =. f$; tendai ^ #; kegon ^ ft ; 
shin-gon $. ~~~; of these only tendai and hin- 
gon remain at the present day. Besides these 
there are now zen-slni f$. ^, judo %? -t, monto 
Wfa hokke -^0. .;i/m ^ ^, some of which 
are again eubdivided. 

HASSHUTSU j\y IS=L y $ ^ (deru) uru, 
to issue from ; emanate. 



HAS 



141 



HAT 



HASH s\x> fjf n. The lotus plant : no hana, 
the lotus flower; no ittena, the calyx of the 
lotus flower ; no ike, a lotus pond. 
Syn. RENOE, HACHISU. 

HASU >\ *. $5 n. The bonito. 
Syn. MAGURO, HATSU, BHIBT. 

HASO s\ :*, -t? $p | n. The amount over ; 
balance ; the number remaining over ; odd : 
wo kiri-mteru. 

HARUHA ^ * ^ n. (coll.) A noisy person. 

HASU-IMO ;N*.>{ * n. Taro. 

HAsr.ii ;N * f n. Fistula in ano. 
Syn. ANAJI. 

HASU-NI ;NX adv. Obliquely: kiru, to 
cut obliquely. 

HASURU ; *. ** Same as hashiru. 

HATA ;\ ft *fl n. A field (of upland): hata- 
mono, a thing grown in the upland fields. 
Syn. HA TAKE. 

HATA j\ 9 3% n. A flag, ensign : wo agent, to 
hoist a flag ; liito-nagare; no sao, a flag- 
staff; hataihita, under the flag; under the 
command of ; athi, the free end of a flag. 

HATA j\ & % n. A loom : wo hern, to arrange 
the yarn in a loom ; oru, to weave ; kinn- 
bata, a silk-loom ; hata-mono, a weaving 
machine ; dono, a room for weaving. 

HATA j^ ft '$ n. The side ; near by : ido no 
hata ye, to the side of the well, or near to the 
well ; hata no Into, bystanders ; hata kara 
kuchi wo dam-na, bystanders must not put 
in a word ; kawa no , the bank of a river. 

Syn. KATAWARA, SOBA, HOTORI. 

HATA j\ 9 ffi conj. Moreover ; again. 

HATA ^ 9 n. The name of a fish, Ten-anus 
moara. 

a H\TA J* 9 n. The fin of a fish: -nosamono, 
Bmall fishes ; no hiromono, large fishes. 

{HATABARI ^ 9 ^ 9 n. Wide; extended; broad. 
Syn. HABA. 

HATABARI.-RU J\JX>*A' i.v. To open out, ex- 
pand (of clothing). 

HATACHI ft + j=. -f- ^ Twenty years old. 

HATAE ft <~* 4* $ Twenty-fold. 

HATA-OASHIRA ^fif^^ fy 15 n. The chief 
:nost powerful of the dnimyo was so called. 
^ 9 d* 2& fl D' Stopping to rest and 
lunch while traveling ; the fare charged for 
lodging: hiru-hatago, stopping to lunch at 
noon ; hataiio wa ynsiti, the fare is cheap; 
wa ikura, how much is the fare? 

Syn. TADORI, TOMART. 

^HATAOO j\ * -J 1 n. A basket for carrying 
provisions in while on a journey. 

OTA ^ 9 zf -Y Ifc H SL n - An inn, 
hot.-!. 

TAPOTA, RTOTKN, RYO-KWAN, RTOHHIKO. 

HATA j\ 9 \ ft *f **,* n. A Rrasshoppcr. 
^ ? b P ** n. Seven fathoms, 

'et. 

TA ^ f 4 9 n. A board f. 
IRCHI s\ * & + is mytn. A flag; 

Il4TAKAni.-RTT t\ 9 1) A, See hndaluiri. 

HATAKB *? gj] n. A field; vegetable) gar- 



den: imo-batake, a potato field ; hana batake, 

a flower garden. 
fHATAKE s^jtjr $] n. A brush for cleaning 

horses. 
HATAKE >\ ? >r ^ n. A scaly disease of slcin, 

pityriasis (?). 

HATAKE,-RU ^ ft *r *, See hrtdake. 
HATAKE-QASA j\ ? >r -ff ? ffi ^ n. A kind of 

skin disease. 
HATAKI ;N ? % n. A paper duster. 

Syn. SAIHAI. 
HATAKI.-KU ^ ft ? t.v. (coll.) To beat; to strike; 

to dust: gomi wo , to beat out the dust ; 

tatami wo , to beat a mat, to clean it. 

Syn. TATAKU, DTsrr. 
HATA-MATA ^ ft v ft ^5^ conj. A word used 

in letters when commencing another subject, 

=again, moreover, or. 

Syn. KATSU-MATA. 

HATAMEKI.-KU >^ 9 * 9 jfc i.v. To thunder; to 
make a loud noise, as thunder : rat ga hatanuki* 
wataru, the thunder rolls. 

Syn. NARU, HIBIKU, TODOROKU. 

HATA-MOCHI 9 ^ + n. Standard-bearer. 

HATAMOTO ^*^ h ^ -f n. A feudatory or 
vassal of the shdcjnn. 

HATA-ORI *\ ? t '/ ^ ^ n. A weaver: 6a, 
a place for weaving; a factory. 

HATA-ORIME >\ 9 ? y * $$^n A female 
weaver, =hata-ori-onna. 

HATARAKASHI.-SU j\ 9 *j # ^. ^ ^ (caust. of 
hataraki) To make to work ; set to work ; to 
employ ; to conjugnte : kokoro wo . 

HATARAKI >N ft 7 % ffi n. Action ; movement; 
working ; operation ; deed ; function ; conjuga- 
tion : no am hito, a clever, intelligent 
person; sode ga nagakute te no hnt<irnki jni 
warui, the sleeve is long and impedes the mo- 
tion of the arm. 

HATARAKI,-KD ^9^9 fi$ t.v. To work ; to la- 
bor; to do; commit; to move; to act, perform, 
exert one's self : kagyo wo , to work at one's 
business ; nortyo wo , to work at farming ; 
motto hataraki nasare (to a merchant), please 
try if you cannot sell it cheaper ; yoktt hntaraite 
ikura, what is the lowest you can sell it at? 
hitotsii hntiti'ditt' miinnsh~>, I will try and see 
what I can do ; bnma wo , to commit a 
blunder : yoku , to do one's best. 

HATARAKI-KOTOBA j\ 9 *) % 3 h /* th t*l n A 
verb. 

Syn. Dosiri, TOOEN. 

HATARI.-RD ^ 9 *- t.v. To demand pnymont; 
to dun ; ktinr wo h'ltarn, to demand tlM v;y- 
ment of money; mishin ro , in ask f>r tlio 
payment of a debt ; warttku , to dun im- 
moderately. 

Syn. BAIHOKU prnr. RRMRRU. 

SASAOI y\ 9 D- ^ # n. Gram - t a kind of 
bean. 

HATASAKU t^9^9 ^ ft n. (coll.) Tlu- j>ro- 
dnctH of tin- fitnn ; the crop, cspcriully of 
the upln: 'i no , tliis year's n 

HATAHASHI >\ 9 t V D( ^ n. A standard bearer ; 
color-sergcaut. 



HAT 



142 



HAT 



HATASHI j\ $t j/ ^ 0; n. A maker of flags or 
ensigns. 

HATASHI,-SU ;N # * H t.v. To finish ; to end ; 
complete; fulfill; perform; go through; achieve; 
accomplish: gwanwo , to fulfill a vow;?ienrai 
no kokorogak* ai-hatashi moshi soro, I have 
performed what I have been for some years 
intending to do. 

Syn. SUMASU, OWARU, TOGERU. 

HATASHI-AI >^ ft Sx7 b n. A duel. 

HATASHI-AI.-AU ^ 9 ^ J b ^ t.v. To finish 
or kill each other, as in a duel. 

HATASHITE j\ X $s T ^ adv. Precisely; just ; it 
came to pass ; it resulted ; it turned out : 
I'M tori ni natta, it turned out just as I said ; 

obonhi-meshi no tori, it resulted just as you 
thought. 

HATATAGAMI > 9 9 if * I? S n - A clap of 
thunder and lightning. 
Syn. KANDACHI. 

HATATAEI ^ ? ? * ^ ^ n. Clapping the 
wings: niwatori wo shite toki wo tsukuru, 
the cock claps his wings and crows. 

IHATATE ;N 9 7- u. Border; confine; boundary; 
limit ; the fins of a fish ; a weaver. 

HATA-TO ^9 h $ adv. The sound of clapping 
the hands, or of a sudden blow ; exclam. of 
surprise; really! imasara kayfi ni on kotowari 
kudasarete wa tuwaku tsiikamatsuri soro, 
owing to your having made known your 
refusal at this late moment, I am really put to 
great inconvenience ; te wo ntsu, striking 
the hands together, as in some strong emo- 
tion ; wasureta, there! I forgot all about it. 
Syn. TONTO, HASSHI-TO. 

IHATATSU-MONO -^ ft y =& } n. Produce of the 
field. 

HATAYA j\ H -Y n. A weaving room ; i.q. hata- 
dono. 

HATAZAO *\Strfj $fc ^ n. A flag-staff. 

HATE ^f n. A frame on which sheaves of 
grain are hung to dry. 

HATE f\j~ Exclam. of surprise, or perplexity : 

komattfi mono da ne. 

HATE '^7- ^ n. The end, termination ; result ; 
conclusion ; extremity : inichi no , end of a 
road; wa do nant ka shirenai, I don't 
know what the result may be; wax/*/, 
without end ; wo omoi-yaru, to consider 
the end. Syn. OWARI, SHIMAI. 

HATE,-RU j\j- >\* ^ i.v. To end, terminate, 
conclude ; to be completed, finished ; to die : 
hi wa kure-hateta, the sun is set ; bytinin ga 
hntfta, sick man is dead; tsuki-hateta, entirely 
used up ; fune ga minato ni , the ship stops 
in the harbor. 

Syn. OWARU, SHIMATT. 

HATE-HATE-WA ^ 7- ^ f >\ adv. In the end; 
finally: tsnkai tsukushite kojiki ni nant. 
Syn. TSUMARI, OWARI NI. 

HATKSHI ^7-'^ n. The end, termination, 
conclusion, limit : ga nai, no end, no limit. 
Syn. KAGIIU. 

HATO ^ > $| n. A dove, pigeon: yamabato, 
a wild-pigeon. 



HATO s\ St ty l&ffi (nami) n. The waves: ban 
ri no ha to wo koette kuru, to come across the 
wide ocean. 

HATOBA ;\ i ,f %%. jj n. A pier, wharf ; a 
landing. 

HATOFDKI j\ + 7 % n. A call or noise made in 
imitation of a pigeon, or an instrument used 
for the same purpose. 

HATOMUNE ^ h j. 3* jf^ |S5J n. Chicken-breast. 

^HATORI s^ h 9 n. A weaver. 

IHATSU ^ y n. A cistern or tank for holding 
water in ships. 

HATSU s\ y ^ n. A numeral used in count- 
ing the discharge of guns : ippatsu, one dis- 
charge, or one gun ; ni hatsu wo hanatsu, to 
fire two guns. 

HATSU ;N y ffl The first ; the beginning : o me 
ni knkani wa konnichi hatsu da, to-day is 
the first of my seeing you; hutxii-haru, the 
beginning of spring; hatsu dori, the first crow- 
ing of a cock on the new year ; hat mi giJri, 
hatxu-shimn, liatmt-ynki, the first ice, frost, or 
snow, of the season ; ha tan-mono, the first 
things of the season, first-fruits ; hatsu-yurna, 
first visit to a sacred mountain. 

HATSU, or HATSURU ^ y Same as hat em. 

HATSU-AN ^ y f ^ ^ ^ n. A proposition ; a 
motion (in an assembly). 
Syn. DOGI. 

HATSUDAI s^yrfj ^ ff n. The selling, sale: 

wo kinznni, to forbid the sale. 

HATSuud J^ y ,3 1) $$1 n. A blistering plaster : 

wo ham, to apply a blister. 

HATSCDA J^y jf f ^ Publishing (a "book, 
newspaper): sum, to publish. 

HATSUDATSU ^ y jf y ^-^ sum, to improve; 
to become expert or skillful : kenjutsu ni , im- 
prove in fencing ; gakumon ni . 

Syn. 8HODATSU 8URU, JOZU NI NARU. 

iHATsuE >N y Jt n. Young shoot ; twig ; top- 
most branch. Syu. HOTSUE. 

HATSUGI j\ y $ ig i& n. A motion made in 
an assembly. 

HATSUGO ^ y 3* n. The firstlings of animals. 

HATSU-HATSU ^ y ^ y adv. Obscurely ; indis- 
tinctly, or dimly, on account of being far off ; 
seldom ; rarely : ni miyuru; ni au. 

Syn. KASUKA, MARE. 

HATSU- IKU ; y 4 9 f| (sodachi) n. Growth ; 

development. 
HATSUJIN ->N y s? */ ^ ^j (deru) Going out on 

a journey (of a high official). 
HATSUKA ^ y % ^. -f- tj Twentieth day of 

the month ; twenty days. 
HATSUKA-KEZUMI si y -ft 3- y* $ >]\ ^ n. A 

mouse. 
IHATSUKA NI >^ y -ft n adv. Same as kasuka 

ni. or icaznka ni. 
HATSU KI s^> y %- n. A pole upon which clothes 

are hung to dry ; the horns projecting from 

some species of marine shells. 
IHATSUKI ^ y ^ n. Anciently female attend- 
ants in the court of the Tenshi. 
^HATSHKI ^ y % n. Tattooing the hands (as 

practiced by the women of Liuchiu). 



HAT 



148 



HAY 



HATSUKO y\ y 3 n. Remote posterity. 
Syn. SUE, SHISON. 

HATSOIEI >\-y * 4 |flJ n. Intelligent; in- 
genious ; clever ; an invention : na mono, 
an intelligent person ; snru, to invent, dis- 
cover; shin, a new invention ; mn, in- 
ventor. 

Syn. KASHIKOI, RIKd. 

HATSCMEIRASHII.-KI-KU s^y * -4 9 $s 4 |{ HJ3 
jjfc (coll.) Having an intelligent look : gan- 
thoku, intelligent looking countenance. 
HATSUNARI s\ y + y n. The first fruits (of 

trees, etc.). 
HATSU-NETSU ^ y 3* y f| $ft n. Sick with 

fever T sum, to have a fever. 
HATSUO s\ y y 5^ ^. i.q. hotsito. 
HATSUO, or HATSU-HO ^ y ^? f# f* n. The first 
fruits offered to the gods; applied also to 
small offerings of money or first of anything, 
as first cup of tea, or rice : wo ageru, to 
offer up the first of anything. 
HATSU-OX ^ y % ^ f ^ n. Pronunciation ; 

enunciation ; articulation. 

HATSURAN *\ y y $/ ?t "L (midare wo shizu- 
mfrti) Putting down rebellion ; quelling insur- 
rection. 

tHATSDRE,-Ru >\*> v>t- i.v. Same as hotsurent. 
CREN ^y is*/ f 3g Going out on a 
journey (only of the Emperor). 
HATSURI.-RU ' y ^ jft t.v. To hew ; cut with 
a broad-axe or adze ; to chip off ; clip off ; 7ct 
tco , to hew timber. 

Syn. HEZURU. 
HATSUTAKE j\ y 9 >r ffl 3^ n A kind of edible 

mushroom. 

HATSC-UMA ^\ y $ * n. The first horse-day of 
the second month, when Inari is worshipped 
in order to protect against fire. 

-YURI ^ y 3. i; n. Fritilaria thunberjia. 
HATTANOAKE ^ y 9 ^ a T A $J $ n. A piece 
of cloth containing enough for eight suits of 
clothing. 

HATTARI j\ y 9 9 n. (coll.) An artifice or trick 
need to make a suspected person confess the 
truth : wo kakeru. 

MA. 

rao f\ y 9 y i.q. hattndattu. 
y ^ ^5^ (tabi&tchi) Going out on 
a journey (of cornmun people). 

n. Law; ordinance; a 
>n : tco tdtrrti, to pass a law; 
wo lomuku, to disobey a law; woymn.ni. 
annul a law; wo okntu, to off.-ml 
against the laws; tro ynhnru, to break a 
lw; go .ntrary to law; no 

ihomntin, a prohibited book. 
Syn. OXITK. 

"? Y adv. Same as hot 
HATTHDKE *\y y *r Same an haritiuke. 

HI.-TSO >\*jy t.v. To flap the wings, r= 

i '.-I turn. 

+ " M& n- A feathcr-fan. 

I ing man- 
ner ; "lowly and laboriously : tothiyori taka 
wo noboru. 



HA-UTA ^$2 ^^ n A kind of popular 
song. 

HAWA ;?. n. Mother (used mostly in the 
drama); i.q. hnha : savin, id. 

HAWAKE ^ V T i^^ n. Branch; school; de- 
partment ; sect. 

HAWAKE >\ y >r ^ * n. Each separate leaf : 

no tsuki ni nureru sode, his sleeves are 
wet by the moon from the leaves (reflected 
from the dew-drops on the leaves). 

HAWASHI.-SO s\ y ^ ^^. (caust. of Jiai) To 

make to creep or crawl : ko wo , to make a 

child creep. 

HAYA J^v gg n. A kind of small river fish. 
HAYA >N -V ^L adv. Already ; (with a neg.) no 

longer : ima wa haya noyaruru michi na.<hi, 

there is now no way of escape ; haya itte 

shimatta, he has already gone ; huya kita ka, 

has he already come ? haya dekita, is it already 

done? 
J-HAYA ^\-y ^H n. An express; a postman; a 

courier : gn kita, an express has come. 
HAYA ;\ ^ %. Fast ; quick ; swift ; soon ; early 

(used mostly in comp. words). 
HAYA-ASHI >>-VT^ ^- & " Swift-footed. 
HAYABAYA-TO >>N-Y^<-Y h adv. Quickly; soon; 

early. 
HAYABIKYAKU ^ V t? * "V ^ ^ ^ B*P n. An 

express post. 

+HAYACHI ^N^Vf- n. i.q. hay ate. 
fHAYACHi j\ -y ^ n. A violent tempest or 

storm of wind. Syn. HAYATK. 
HAYADAYORI xN-V^"3 9 ? M n - Quick mode 

of communication ; quick or early opportunity. 
HAYAFUNE ^-Y7 ^ ^- j!j^ n. A fast boat; a 

clipper ship. 
HAYA-FUSA, or HAYABUSA ^^y^r UJ n. A 

species of falcon. 
HAYAOAKI ^ V if * ^ ^ n. Fast writing : ni 

knhu, to write fast. 
HAYAOANE >'^Y*'^- %- Jg n. An alarm bell; 

fire-bell. 

HAYAOO ^N'Vd'^^^In. A cartridge. 
HAYAI,-KI-SHI s^-V 4 J$- adj. Fast; quick; 

swift ; early ; soon ; already : ana fune ga 

Ji'i/l'ii. that ship is swift; ki go. huyai, to bo 

quick-witted or tempered, of quick perception ; 

h.iii-tki koto ya no gotoku, as swift an an arrow; 

$higoto ga hntjai, quick at working ; mimt ga 

, quick to hear ; docliira ga hayai, which aro 

the earliest or fast 
HAYA-ITO s\ -y >f f $jr ^ ^ n. The baud or 

cord of a whi-rl. 
HATAKAWA '^VU" n. A swift river; rapid 

stream. 
HAYAK KI.-KU-SHI ^-y^^adj. Clear; bright 

(as of moon or skv). 
HAYAKO or H AVO j\ Y 9 3^ adv. Same as hayni : 

mini, to do quickly; tita okirn, to rise 

y in the morning; ttuki hi wa tattn, the 
tiiiK- PRKHCH Hwiftly ; kni, come quickly; 

ifl>,i. to spcAk in a few words; hayaku wa- 
A./ i order that you may easily un- 

Syn. JIKI-NI, SUOO-EI, BASSOKU, IUUITAKA-VI. 



HAY 



144 



HAZ 



HAYAKUSA s\ -V 9 -fl* fj- fc n. A kind of skin 
disease. 

HAYAMA j\ W n. A little mountain ; foot- 
hill. 
Syn. KOYAMA. 

HAYAMARI.-RU s^W^ ^ i.v. To be quick, or 
fast; to be hasty, rash, precipitate: hayamat- 
ta koto wo shita, have done a hasty thing. 

HAYAMB VN-Y^ fg | n. Hastening parturi- 
tion : no kusuri, medicines which hasten 
labor; wo gofu, a charm swallowed to 
hasten labor. 

HAYAME.-RU j\*t * fl* <v* ?. t.v. To hasten, 
quicken, accelerate ; to urge on ; to hurry, 
precipitate : ashi too hayamete aruku, to walk 
faster ; toki wo hayamete kane wo tsuku, to be 
in a hurry to ring the bell ; wna wo , to urge 
on a horse. 

HAYAMICHI y\ -v 3 f* $| (L n. A near way. 
Syn. CHIKAMICHI. 

HAYANAWA ;\ -v * $& $E n - A cord carried 
by policemen to bind criminals with. 
Syn. TORINAWA. 

HAYA-O ;\ *t j ^- $ n. The rope used in 
sculling a boat ; the band of a wheel. 

HAYAOKE ;\-V9$* ^L *$ n. A ready made tub 
in which paupers are buried ; a coffin. 

HAYAOKI ;\Y:f* ^. n. Early rising. 

HAYARAKA ;N-Y 5 jj adj. Swift; rapid; fast. 
Syn. SUMIYAKA. 

HAYARASE.-RU r* -V y -fe A* ^ j/il ^f (caust. of 
hayuri) To make popular, fashionable, or 
prevalent. 

HAYARI,-RU ;x-Y >v -fa ft i.v. To be prevalent, 
popular, fashionable ; to be in general favor ; 
(|), ardent; impetuous; eager; vehement: 
hashika ga , the measles are prevalent ; goro 
ga , camlets are fashionable ; ki no huyuni 
mono, a person of a quick and impetuous 
temper; hayari-yamai, a prevalent disease, 
epidemic; hayari-kami, a popular god; ha- 
yari-kotoba, a popular word ; gokoro, hasty, 
impetuous temper. 
Syn. RYUKO SURU. 

HAYARIKA ;\ -v '; # adj. Impetuous; hasty; 
rash : wan* wakaudo. 
Syn. SEIKYU NARU. 

HAYARIME >N-V 9 > n. Epidemic ophthalmia. 

HAYARI-O ;\Y V j ^ Aft n. An impetuous, 
daring, heroic person : no tswoamono. 

HAYASA ^ -y -f J$- n. Quickness ; swiftness ; 
earliness ; celerity. 

HAYASAME j\ -v -^ * n. A pouring rain ; swiftly 
falling shower. 

BAYAPE j\*m ^ ^ n. A swift current; 
rapids. 

HAYASHI >>\-Vax' ^ n - A wood, forest. 

HAYASHI y\ Y 2^ 5ft ^ (coll.) A band of 
music; an orchestra: mono, musical in- 
struments ; too sum, to make music ; 
kata, musicians. 

HAYASHI,-SU ^*?x. -J| ^ t.v. To play on 
musical instruments ; to praise, flatter, ap- 
plaud : itta wo hayasu, to assist a person 
singing, with an instrument or chorus. 



HAYASHI,-SU >\*t7* ^4 t.v. To let or make 
to grow long; to grow: Mge wo haynshite 
ikoku no mane wo sum, to let the beard grow 
in imitation of foreigners ; ki wo , to grow 
trees. 

HAYASHI,-STT ^N-Y*. $] t.v. To cut, chop; to 
slice : mochi wo ; daikon wo , to slice a 
radish. 

Syn. KIZAMU. 

HAYASIII-TATE,-RU ^ -V ^ 9 7" fr ^l^r. t.v. (coll.) 
To play on musical instruments ; to make 
music ; to rouse up, excite ; to applaud. 
Syn. ODATERU. 

HAYATE ^ -y T & M. n. A tempest, gale, storm 
of wind. 

Syn. ARASHI. 

^HAYATO ;\-y h 4^ A. n. The Imperial guard: 
no slid, tho captain of the guard. 

fHAYA-ucHi ->N-Y $ 3~ ^-^T n - ^- n express; swift 
messenger. 

HAYAUCHI-KATA XN-V p <f- -ft 9 n. The name of 
a disease characterized by hardening or swell- 
ing of the skin over the shoulders, relieved by 
incisions, supposed to be caused by angina 
pectoris ; i.q. kfjnpcki. 

HAYA-UMA, or HAYAMMA >>N-Y#"* n. Spurring 
or urging on the horse : shisha ga nite kiiru. 

HAYA-UBO ;N-Y#V An unpremeditated false- 
hood ; a slip of the tongue ; a white lie, fib. 

HAYA-UTA ^ Y # * n. A short song ; a ditty 
sung fast. 

HAYA-WAKARI -y V * 9 n. Easy to under- 
stand; quick to apprehend: sum yd ni 
ieba. 

HAYA-WAZA ^N^ Vlf %- ^ n. Sleight of hand 
tricks ; adroitness ; dexterity: wo sum, to 
perform sleight of hand tricks, or leger- 
demain : vi hito, an adroit person. 

HAYO s^-Vft ^- (same M hay a kit). linyd 
gozariiiHian, you are early (this is contracted 
to o hay o) good morning. 

JHAYOMA >N a. -* n. Horses kept at post-sta- 
tions for travelers : zukai, a swift courier. 
Syn. EKIBA. 

HAYCMAJI ;\.=i-rf-* n. A post-road ; highway. 

Syn. UMAYAJI, EKIRO. 

HAYURU s^-*.)^ Same as haeni. 

HAZAMA >^^) y v $*?J1 n. Port-holes; embrasures; 
space or interval between (obs.) : shiro no , 
embrasures in a castle. 
Syn. HOMON. 

HAZE ys-t/ v> <0 n. The name of a fish, the 
gudgeon, Gobius virgo. 

HAZE >N -t/ n. Kice bursted by roasting ; 
parched rice. 

HAZE,-RU ^-t/fl' i.v. To burst open, as a 
fruit, or as parched corn. 
Syn. YEBIRU. 

HAZU - *J G fi. n - Croton seeds : no 
abura, croton oil. 

HAZU ^ ^ n. The notch in the arrow m which 
the bowstring fits ; (coll.) obligation ; neces- 
sity ; that which is proper; should; ought; 
agreement ; engagement : ya-hnzu, the notch 
of an arrow ; kuiu hazu, should come, or is 



HAZ 



145 



EEC 



expected to come ; sum hazu no mono, a thing 
that should be done ; so sum hazu ga nai, 
not obliged to do so ; hazu ga chigdta, the 
engagement or previous arrangement was 
deviated from ; su yu hazu ga nai, there is no 
such necessity. 

Syn. DORI, BEKI, suJi. 

HAZU-HAZU >> */**/ /h $fc adv. (coll.) Very 
little ; oiily a little ; nearly ; almost : ni him, 
to cut the border of anything very thin. 

IlAZUKARHIOARI.-BC >\ +f ll Is H ** i.V. Tobe 

bashful, shy, modest, diffident, sheepish : mn- 
tume pa hazukashigarite sekimen sum, the 
girl is bashful and blushes. 

IlAZrKASIIII,-KI-KC-SHI J* *J * S- * ftt ftdj- 

A-hanu'd ; abashed; mortified: hazukaahii 
koto, a matter to be ashamed of; hazukathiku 
OIHOII, to feel ashamed. 

Syn. MEMBOKUXAI. 

HAZUKASHIME >^*/-)ils* n. Insult; shame; 
race. 

IlAXrKASimiE.-RTT ^*/J]l'*n' ^. t.V. To 

make ashamed ; cause shame ; to insult, dis- 
grace, dishonor, abash. 

KASHIRA ;v/ 2; *" # n. The shame, dis- 
grace, dishonor. 

;;i j\ */ $ A ^ (hacld gtoatsu) n. The 
:li month. 

xmoi >>N^^Pb n. Dressing the feath- 
ers (like a fowl) : sum. 

MI j^y \ n. Spring ; bound ; recoil; re- 
bound ; reaction ; impulse ; jerk ; bounce : tep- 

tco hanasu ni korobu, to fall by the recoil 
of the gun ; ni tobu. to jump with a spring; 

i/H di' tiiore-riiii^iretaru, how did you 

; pen to fall? tachi-agaru ni ashi wo 
fiimi-stuberafhite aomuke sania ni taoreta, in 

ng up, my foot slipped, and I fell on my 
back. 

MI, -MU v>-^jt i.v. To rebound, bounce, 
recoil, react, spring : iki ga , to catch the 
in inari wa yoku , this ball 
bounces well. 

XA *\?+ iftlfi n. A halter or rope 
passed through the noso of an ox. 

UAKUWA '*> */ 7 9 '*> :& adv. I am ashamed 

I:B *f u $ A n. The end of a street ; out- 
its or suburbs of a town: michi no ; 
/M/.-ii un ; mum no ni $umu, to live in 
.'skirts of the village. 

n. TBCUARI, OWARI, HA-HI. 

' ^ *- ft i.v. To be out of the 

it fits; to be unfastened, unfixed, 

to (nil t<> hi' 'Icvinto 

f:oin; to fail; not to succeed : 

n i n lui-! Bltppe 1 out of the 

groove; to ga , the door JH unhinged ; ine <in 

')]> luis fnil.-.l ; fluh.i, 

iluif ; mir lii ni , to 
HM the \v -/i i//i fin - , tli* 

hat miMetl the mark; Imttn ni , not to 
obtenre th<> law. 

HO */*, JJ4 Sce/uyi. 
It* 



HAZUSHI,-SU ^N >* x ft t.v. To undo ; take out 
of the place in which it fits; to unfasten, 
unfix, disconnect, unship ; to avoid ; to miss; 
to dispense with, depart from, lay aside: 
shoji wo , to take a screen out of its groove; 
to wo , to unhinge a door ; toki wo , to 
miss the time; hito wo , to avoid a person, 
slip out of his way; yunii no tsnru u-o , to 
unbend a bow ; ma to wo , to miss the mark ; 
reisMki wo , to dispense with form and 
ceremony. 

HE -x ^ n. Breaking wind : tco hiru, to 
break wind. 

HE ^ ^ n. See ye, generally pronounced 
ye or <. 

tHE ^ $g (hime) n. A lady. 

fHE ^ -% (same as be : used mostly in comp. 
words) n. Side ; place ; by. 

tHs ^ & n. Population; dwelling-houses. 

+HE -^ ^ n. A jug. 

HE.-RU ->.;u &2 or gj t.v. To pass; to spend 
time ; to live through ; to pass from one place 
to another, move along, pass by : yo t toshi, 
tauki, hi, toki undo wo hem ; michi wo , to 
pass along the several stages of a road ; Kunn- 
(jawa wo hete Tokyo ye yuku, passing through 
Kanagawa to go to Tokyo ; ito wo hem, to 
arrange yarn for the loom; dandan ynku wo 
liete agaru, to be gradually promoted from one 
official grade to another. 

Syn. FUBU, TORU, sroinu, KOSD. 

HE-AOARI.-RD ~*7 if fl* |5 _h i- v - To pass from 
a lower rank or conditiou'to a higher ; to rise, 
advance: k.irui yaku kara omoi yaku ye he- 
a gam, to advance from an inferior to a more 
important office. 

HEBARI-TSUKI,-KU ^>*9 y 9 |^ ^f i.v. (coll.) 
To stick, adhere : uruslii ga hebaritsuite hana- 
renai, the varnish sticks and it can't bo 
separated; uchi ni bakari hebaritsnite im hito 
dn, a person who does nothing but stay in the 
house. 

HEBI ^ tf ^ n. A snake, serpent : no 
nroko, the scales of a snake ; io nukegara, 
the cast-off skin of a snake ; ni kui-ttuka- 
rent, to be bitten by a snake. 
Syn. JA, KUCHINAWA. 

HKIII-ICHIOO -xb'^ff-^ &% " A tasteless 
kind of strawberry ; l-Ya^ariu indica. 

HEBI-NOBORAZD ^bf^^^^n. A species of 
barberry, Barberis vulgariR. 

IHACHI ~* i/ ^ if 4 ' N ^* n. A species 
of arisu'inn. 

fHBBiTO -x \f \. ^A Population. 

M b*^*b ^ffe^n. A 
serpent-charmer ; one that plays with 
HI) nke. 

-. :)' adj. (roll.) Unskillful ; bungling ; 
nxvkward: dnikn; ihugi, unskillful 
ch- 

SyiJ. HKTA. 

HiritAMOKURB ^f-'t^?^ II. (coll.) A TftSCal, 

tch. 

MV ^-f-r ^,0\ q, The snftko gourd, 
Luffa pctula, 



HEC 



146 



HEI 



HECHI wo MAKURU -^ f- ? v 9 >u (coll.) Con- 
fused; bewildered; discoucerted : ii-komerarete 
hechi wo makum. 

HEDA-HEDA ^jf-^jf ftf fft adj. Separated ; dis 
tant; not friendly: i aru, to become 
estranged. 

HEDATAUI ^#3 9 n. Distance; apart; sepa- 
ration : sono go jit ri, it is fifty miles off. 

HEDATABI,-RU **jfjl*< Wi i.v. To be separated, 
apart, asunder, distant, reserved : roku ri 
hodo hedatatte ont, they are six miles apart ; 
oya no naka ga hedatam, the parent and 
child are distant, or indifferent, to one an- 
other. 

Syn. HANARERU. 

HEDATE -^f fitf n. A partition, distinction, 
separation, difference, reserve, restraint : 
ga am ; wo guru, to make a partition, make 
a distinction ; no nai koto, no difference ; 
nan nyo no wa nai, no difference between 
male and female. 

HEDATE.-RU ^ jf f ^ pj| t.v. To leave, 
separate from, part from ; to interpose, place 
between ; separated by ; severed ; away from ; 
apart ; absent from : ie wo hedatete tabi ni ont, 
he has left home on a journey ; Amerika to 
Nippon to umi wo hedatete oru, America and 
Japan are separated by the ocean ; ynma wo 
hedatem, to be separated by a mountain ; he- 
date gokoro, estranged, alienated; hedateru 
Icokoro wa nashi, frank, open, without reserve; 
to make no distinction ; kittsu wo hedatete 
kaku ga gotoshi (prov.), like scratching the 
foot when the shoe is on. 

SyU. HANARERtT, BETSUNI SURU, TOZAKARU. 

HEDATSDRU ^ffy^ Same as hedateru. 

HEDO -v vt ^ n. Eructation of food : wo 
haku, to eject food from the stomach ; hedo 
wo tsuku, id. 

HEDOMODO ^ b* qe v* (coll.) mm, to be con- 
fused, bewildered ; to stand, not knowing 
what to do ; to be in a quandary. 
Syn. MAGOTSUKU. 

IHEFUDA ^y if n. Census-book; i.q, kose- 
kibo. 

JHEFUMIDA, or HEFCNDA ~*y ^ # n. Census- 
book ; register of the population. 
Syn. KOSEKI. 

HEOASHI,-SU ~*if'Z. v'ijt 1 ] (caust. of Jiegn) To 
tear off, strip, or peel off: kara-kami wo hega- 
thite hari-kaeru, tear off the wall-paper and 
put on new. 

HEGE.-RU ^Jf A* i.v. To be stripped off, peeled 
off : hi no kawa ga hegeta, the bark is stripped 
off. 

HEGI ^ 3? n. A strip of wood split off : hegibon, 
a kind of tray made of strips of bamboo ; 
shoga hito hcji, one slice of ginger. 

HBOI.-GU ^ ? $J t.v. To strip off, peel off, 
split off: ki no kawa wo , to peel off the 
bark of a tree; yane-ita wo , to split 
shingles. 

Syn. HAGI, MUKU, MEKURU. 

HEI -^ -i Exclam. used in answering, same as 
hai, yea. 



HEI ^ j ]ft n. A fence, wall : dobei, a mud 
wall ; itnbei, a board fence ; iahibei, a stone 
fence ; neribei, a fence made of bricks and 
mortar. 

HEI <^4 zp. (used only in comp. words) n. 
Even ; level ; plain ; common ; ordinary ; 
usual; peaceful; tranquil: taihei ^ if., 
long pence. 

HEI <~*J %$ n. A present ; the cut paper sus- 
pended in a iniya to represent the kami ; 
coin; money: Uwa , coin ; shi , paper 
money. 

HEI *^4 $$ n. A soldier; an army: wo 
okosu, to raise an army ; to begin a war ; 
wo neru, to drill soldiers. 
Syn. TSDWAMONO. 

HEI ~*J ^f- gur, to invite, or call ; to 
engage (as a teacher, pastor): ken-Jin wo 

guru, to invite wise men (to court); ni 
ozuru, to accept a call. 

HEI ~*j 9$ Vile; abject; mean (used in 
speaking numbly of one's self,=my, our) : 
tuku, my (mean) house ; kokn, my country; 

ten, my shop ; oku, my humble cottage. 
HEI ^ -4 ^ (one of the jikkan) The third in 

enumeration, as ko, otsu, hei, tei, bo, ki, ko, 

shin, jiu, ki. 
HEIAN <^ 4 T s/ tf- ^ n. Peace , tranquillity; 

freedom from sickness, calamity or trouble. 

Syn. BDJI. 
HEIANJO * 4 7 * & V p *P- ^ *8 The 

castle or city of peace, i.e. the city in which 

the Mikado resides. 
HEIBA ^ 4 ,? .^.,1^ (ikusa) n. War. no 

nan wo heru, to pass through the dangers of 

war. 
HEIDI ^ J t? ;- ffRj (ikusa no tonae) "\Varlike 

preparation. 
HEICHI ^>ff- tf-lfc (tairaka na tsuchi) Level 

ground or country ; a plain. 
HEICHO <^ 4 'fr*? *j Ef] $k sum, to close the 

curtain, i.e. conceal or veil an idol from the 

sight of the public. 

HEIDA -f ^ n. A bamboo withe, or strip. 
HEIDAN ^ 4 # ^ fijf tft n. Fruit-cake. 
HELDON ~*4 ^ */ ^^ (awase nomu) suru, 

to devour, swallow up ; to subjugate, conquer : 

tcnka wa , to subjugate the whole empire. 
HEIFO ^4 7 i? <$ A (otkiki nanncushi) Bad, 

vicious, evil or corrupt customs:- wo tadasu, 

to reform . 
HEIFUKU <~>-\~? 9 ip- iJS. (tsune no kimono) n- 

Common, usual, or every-day clothes (not a 

dress of ceremony). 
HEIFDKU -v >f 7 ^ ^1^ (coll.) Obeisance : 

sum, to bow low ; to prostrate one's self. 
HEIIIO ^ J j\fy J$ -^ u. Military tactics. 

Syu. liYfmf). 
HEIGAI ^ 4 -p 4 ^ !j (aslulci koto) Vice ; bad, 

or vicious practice or hnbit : yo no wo nozulcu. 
HEIGAKU -. >f if ? J$ %i n. 'Military science. 
HEIGAKUHYO -^ -i H 9 u ^ ^v J 4- ^ u< Military 

school. 
HEIOEN ^ >f f ^ ef. ^ n. A flat, level plain ; 

prairie, steppe. 



HEI 



147 



HEI 



HEIGWA ^ 4 / v * %,\. (coll.) s/rt/, to rest ; 
to lie down : ie ni shite om, to live free from 
care. 

HEIHO .x 4 >M> *f- ~3r (mat.) The square of a 
number ; a square : kon, square-root ; ni 
hiruku, to extract the square-root; go sun 
, five inches square ; ni sun, two square 
inches. 

HI:M 'x,f# ij~- $5 (tairaku) Level; plain; 
;ple, plain, or easily understood: no 
michi ; no butuko. 
fHi-:ui ^. 4 y $1 "J* n - A. pitcher, bottle. 

Syn. T- KKUni. BIX. 

HEIJI xx 4 . * (tdirage osameru) sum, 
to quell, subdue; to tranquilize; to quiet : tenka 
, to quiet and restore peace to the empire ; 
ran tco , to quell a riot. 

HEIJI -^ >f i? 3M3T (tstine) n. Time of 
peace; ordinary times: ni ikusa no sonae 
KO nasn, in time of peace prepare for war. 
HEIJIT>U ^4 $;? e$. g Common ; usual ; or- 
dinary; ci^tomary ; habitual; every-day; 
always; constantly : no kimono, every-day 
clothes ; to tra chigau, different from what 
is usual ; no tori ni, in the usual manner 
Syn. FUDAX, TSUXE-ZUNE. 
1 ~* 4 1? "V # e$- f t(i (tsune-znne] Habit- 
ually ; constantly ; common ; ordinary : no 
kotit, an ordinary affair. 

. HKIZEI. 

HKIJO -SIIIKI -x>f iJ-V^ix^ lf\ %, . Clos- 
ing ceremony. 

HKIKA ^ 4 ft H|*f n - The title used in ad- 
ing tlif> Emperor, His Majesty. 
x ~* 4 ij is &$&. (ikusulune) n. A ship 
-. ar. 

. OUXKAK. 

I.UANI -^ 4 jr H ^ 0>^n. A kind of 
crab. 

HKIKKX ~* 4 jr $s \\ A kind of bluish red silk 
cloth. 

: ^ 4 * sft- ?l n. Weapons of war ; 
arms. 

!1. IKC81-DOOU. 

HEIKI -% 4 ^ ef. ffi n. Calm ; tranquil ; un- 

i in mind ; equanimity ; composure ; 

incus; indifference: ie ga yaketemo de 

ini, he is culm even if his house should burn ; 

mi Into, one who has no care or anxiety 
about anything. 

HKIKIN ^ 4 % ^ zf,ty (tniraka ni Jritoihii) 
*itrn, to make equal or even, equalize; to 
c : nedan in> hcikin shite 
at is the average price ? 

NAUAStJ, ]' 

HriEu ^ 4 a If] \J (knchi iro tojirn: coll.) 

$nm, to nhut the mouth ; to be silenced or 

uted in argument; taretn, to be 

BKIKWA ~* 4 9 V & )Ac n. A conflagration 
d by war. 

A ~* 4 9 V *f- %v (ftiifiku ni i/<nr<irngii) 
- mm, to equalize nnd liarim>ni/e ; to 
regulate : <jozu tro hrikica mini (medical term), 
.;ulate the five intcinul OJT 



HEIKYO ~+ 4 $. 3 Wt %; (slnrizoki orn) 
turn, to withdraw from office and live in 
retirement (generally from disgust or sick- 
ness) : jitaku ni snrtt. 

HEIMAK ^^vvJ5t^n. A curtain. 

HKIMEI ^ -f ^ >f >f- \\f{ n. Early morning ; the 
dawn. Syn. YO-AKE. 

HEIMIN ^4 * z/ ^ j^ n. The common people 
(not the gentry). 

HEIMON ^ 4 ^ ^ Brl H ( mon tc tojirn) 
sum, to be imprisoned in one's own house: 

ico ku ; ?co wushi tsukeru. 
HEIMOTSD -^ 4 ^ y Jfetyj) n. Presents of con- 
gratulation ; marriage presents. 

HKIMYAKU ^ 4 $ -y ^ ^^ n. The usual or 
healthy state of the pulse. 

HEIXIX ^ 4 =. y zji /^ (tM/te-&ito) n. A com- 
mon or ordinary person ; common people. 

HEI-ON ^ 4 $ */ If- #?* (odayaka) Quiet ; frea 
from disturbance ; tranquil: yo no naka. 

fHEiRE *N -f u n. A kind of cap anciently 
used by nobles. 

HEIHEI ~* 4 is J T$ jj-J n. Presents made on 
espousal, or on vi.sits of ceremony. 

HEIKYOKU ^ 4 9 3 ^ .^ 7(7 n. Military power. 

HEISAX -% >f -9* v *f- ^ n. An ordinary or 
natural parturition. 

HEISEI *^j -\z 4 -& 3& (tsnwamono no ikioi) 
Military power, or appearance of great mili- 
tary strength. 

HEISEN ~*4 Tzt/ & * n. i.q. heikwa. 

HEISHA ^ >f i^-y jft. ^i (ikusa gumma) n. A 
war chariot. 

HEISHI ^N >f jx L -^ u. A soldier ; military 
man. 

HEISHIN *^J Ssts 2 ty sum, to prostrate 
one's self: teilu shite negau. 

HEI.SHIX -^ J i, ^ Ef. is? n. Calmness of mind; 
tranquil mind; unprejudiced mind. 

HEISO *x>f y ^ ^ (tsune-zune) Always; con- 
stantly. 

HEISOKU ^4 V 9 ^ ^ n. Paper fixed to 
the end of a stick and placed before the kami : 

wo tatem. 

Syn. MITEOUBA, NT'SA, HEI. 

HEISOKU ~* 4 y 9 p^l 3^ (*/* fuiagu) "ru, 
to shut up, stop up, close, obstruct; to be 
stopped up ; obstructed : Juki wo , to check 
perspiration. 

HEISOTSU ^ 4 y ? ^ ^ n. Common soldier. 
HEI-SUI ^ 4 ^ # ^ ?K n ^ uo ordinary level 
of water in a river : Auira tja afureta ga ni 
nnttn. 

Hi MAI -N >f 9 4 & p$ n. Company of soldiers ; 
troops. 

N ^ 4 9 v qs-ij. (toira) Level; plain; 

: no iiiicln, a level road. 
N ^ 4 f ^ .& y n. Act of war ; hos- 
tilities : ro him Ini, to commence hostilities. 
- -{ 7 J /{* fp- B} ?S i.v. 
To proHti self; to bow humbly to 

tin- Around : Into tin in,te ni . 
HRIWA ^ 4 y ^ fv n. Peace; tranquillity; 
freedom from dutuibaucc. 
8yu. OPATAKA. 



HEI 



148 



HEN 



HEIWA ^ >f y Ip. f^r n. Common colloquial ; 

the language of the common people. 

Syn. ZOKUDAN, ZOKUGO. 
HEI-YU ^ 4 =1. >p. $ n. Kestoration to health ; 

cured : suru, tube restored to usual health; 

lyoki go. sliita. 

Sjn. ZENKWAI, HOMBCKU. 

HEI-ZEI ^ 4 -is* 4 >p. Common ; usual ; or- 
dinary ; customary ; habitual ; every-day. 

HEKI ^% f$[ or $ n. A bent, peculiarity, 
propensity; peculiar habit or way; eccentri- 
city: heki no aru Into, an eccentric person; 
lieki wo in, to say odd things. 

Syn. KUSE, HENKDTSU. 

HEKICHI *.%<? tfl&(inaka) n. The country: 
ni natsu wo okuru, to pass the summer in 
the country. 

HEKIGYOKU ^ $ $ 3 ^ ^ f n. (min.) 
Jasper. 

HEKIGYOKU ^^^"3^ S5 n - A kind of 
precious stone of preen color ; jade. 

HEKI-IU 'x % J 7 $ ^ (kata-inakci) n. Coun- 
try town. 

HEKIBAGASHI,-SU ^ * 7 ** * t.v. (coll.) To 
show or make a display of anything in order 
to tease or excite desire; to tantuli/e. 

HEKI-KEKI "*% T* Hf $ n - Lightning, flash- 
ing, glittering, as of a sword, etc. 

HEKIRON ~. * P ^ j$. |w? n. A partial or pre- 
judiced view or opinion of a subject : ka, a 
bigoted or dogmatic person. 

HEKISHO ^ % $s 3 ^ % (atsusa wo sakern) 
sum, to avoid or escape from the heat of sum- 
mer. 

HEKITAN ^^^fvf^i^n. A deep place in a 
river, /UC/H. 

HEKIYEKI ^%*.% J^ suru, to shrink 
back in fear; to recoil ; to retreat, as an army : 
sono ikioi in . 

HEKOHEKO ^3^3 adv. (coll.) Pliant; 
limber; flexible; (said of articles thin and 
broad, as a fan, paper, etc.): sum. 

HEKOMASHI.-SU ^ 3 -r *. < flg t.v. To indent ; 
to pit, hollow: ynbi de , to indent with 
the finger. 

HEKOMI -x 3 5 fig n. An indentation ; a loss 
in measure or weight ; a falling short : hekomi 
f/a dekita, it has fallen short in measure ; it 
is indented; ni natta, to be short in 
measure. 
Syn. MERI. 

HEKOMI.-MU ^ =i A ] (cont. of heri and komu) 
i.v. To be indented, pitted, hollowed, worn 
into ; (met.) to break down, cave in, as one 
defeated ; to give in ; cqllapse : kanazuchi de 
tataita ka hckonde oru, I suspect it was in- 
dented by the blow of a hammer; hento fja 
dekinukute hekonde shimatta, not being able 
to reply, he gave in. 

Syn. KUBOMU, II-KOMERU. 

HEMBEN -% ^^^ ^ $fc snru, to repay, pay 
back, refund, make restitution. 
Syn. KAFSU. 

HEMBUTSU ^^y"y \faty n. A peculiar or 
eccentric person ; an obstinate, bigoted person. 



HEMEGURI,-RD *>. j >f H* ^ jro t.v. To travel 
about : knni-guni wo , to travel from country 
to country. 

IHEMI 'x ^ i.q. hebi. 

HEMPA ^NV>> \fa ^ (Jtatayori) n. Partiality; 
favoritism : hiiki litmpa nashi ni, without 
favor or partiality ; hempa no hi to nite mina- 
inina komari int. Syn. HIIKI, KATAZUMI. 

HEM-PAI -^v^M a^ ^p Keturning the wine- 
glass : itashiniasu, I return you the glass. 

HEMPEN-TO -^vXv ^\^H\ adv. In a flutter- 
ing manner ; wavering: hata nubiku, tlio 
flag flutters in the wind ; yuki fttnt. 

Syn. HIRA-HIRA-TO. 

HEMPI ^ f b* ^ P A remote country ; retired ; 
rural; rustic: na tokoro, a place far re- 
tired in the country. Syn. INAKA. 

HEMPO ^xVy%> ig ^S n - Answer; reply ; 
requital ; revenge ; vengeance : teki ni ?n> 
snru, to take vengeance on an enemy ; teyuuti 
de IPO sum, to answer by letter. 

HEMPON-TO ^ > ^ f v gjjj |i] adv. In a waving, 
fluttering manner: hut a heinpon to kuze ni 
nabikn, the flag flutters and yields to the 
wind ; sum, to flutter, or fly. 

HEMPUKD ^vy^^g^n. A bat. 
Syn. KOMORI. 

HEN ^v i 11. Part; region; place; locality; 
side : kono hen, this side, neighborhood, or 
region ; ano hen, that side, that place. 
Syn. IIOTORI, ATARI. 

HKN -. ^ %$ n. A section, or book ; a set 
of books under one cover: ippen, ni-hen, mint' 
ben, first, second, and third books, or sets of 
books ; ni hen me, the second book. 

HEN -xv An unusual, extraordinary, 01 
strange affair, phenomenon, accident : nun no 
hen mo nai, nothing unusual ; hen na koto, a 
strange or extraordinary affair ; na hoe, 
a peculiar voice ; taihen, a great or dreadful 
event; a catastrophy ; tew-pcn. 

HEN ^ v jffl (tabi) Numeral for times : ippcn, 
once; ni-hen, twice; sam-ben, three times; iku 
mo, how many times soever. 

HEN ^^ {} n. The left side radical of a 
Chinese character, as: ki-hcn, nin-ben, kune- 
hen. 

|HENARI,-RU ^ + fr i.v. To be separated, 
apart, distant ; i.q. Jianare. 

HEXATSUCHI ^ + y f- n. A kind of black mud 
obtained from the beds of stagnant rivers or 
canals, and used for plastering. 

HENDO ^ v b* ^ i. A remote country region. 

SyU. KATA-INAKA, HEMPI. 

HENDO ^ ^ \* ^ yj, ^ u. Going from temple 
to temple to worship. 
Syn. jrNREi, MEGURI. 

HEXGAI ^ *, -ft j ^ ft To change, alter, retract : 
ijdkn-soku wo tm/, to retract an agree- 
ment. 

HENGE ^ v / ^ <fb snrn, to transform one's 
self, metamorphose, change: kitmtni' fia Ji^nye 
shite hito to narti, the fox is changed into a 
man; henge-mono, an apparition, a phantom. 

Syn. BAKE-MONO, YOKWAI. 



HEX 



149 



HEP 



HEXGEN ^^ft/ )V IT (lit. half a word) In 

a few words, or one word: wo motte goku 

u-o sadinnt'ru. 
HKN-I - > 4 %&.!& A wonder, prodigy ; a 

strange or unusual phenomenon : g<i am. 
HEXJI -^vi? ij3}> n. An answer, reply: 

snnt, to return answer, to reply; ga nai, 

no answer. 

Syn. IIKNTO. KOTAE. IRAK. 

i -xvi? ^;Jv (kawatta koto) n. An 
unusual or stnmge event ; a wonder. 

:,-KU -N>I?TU ^ t.v. ori.v. To change, 
alter, transform ; to metamorphose : islii wo 
Jienjitt' kiri to sum, to change stones into gold; 
kittiuie tja liito nl , the fox transforms itself 
into a man. 

;x ^ , j / ^ A n. An eccentric person. 
ro ^Vi?-V\> i!i _b suru, to return, 
send back, repay to a superior. 

Syn. KAESHI-TATEMATSURU. 

Hr.xK.v ^ >- ^7 Sj* -[- n. Verses composed in 

reply to other verses. 

IlKxiiAi ->-#>f ag 5^. n. The whole world, 
universe. 

Syn. vciir. 

HENKAKU -^ v * ^ ^ ? n. Reformation ; 
revolution: sum, to alter, reform; to 
change ; okite wo , to alter the laws. 
HEXKAN ^ > # $/ $fz $fi n. Answer, reply (of 

a letter) : wo ukem. 

IlrxKEX ^ > >r v $} JL n. Prejudice; bias; 
partial judgment; prepossession : wo idaku. 
Syn. JASHC. 

o ^^^ $C (kawari) n. Revolutions, 
changes of condition: t/o no , political 
changes of the world. 

:o ^V3 j&g] u. Bigoted: no shinja. 
" ~^ is Jj $ & $*, (kae-aratamuru) sum, 
to alter, clnuge. 

^^^tr i$ % (yoso no teki) Foreign 
invaders; marauders on the frontier. 

^ ^ 9 y \fa /Ji Bigoted ; dogmatic ; 
formal ; stiff in manner : na hito, a bigoted 
man ; jj'/i, id. 

.Syn. KATAKURU8HII, KATAKUNA, GAXKO. 

^ A ^v^7 ^ib n. Change; altera- 
; transformation; variation; vicissitude; 
metamorphosis : guru, to change, vary ; 
ihiki no , the changes of the four seasons. 
. KAWARI. 

^v^-V^ i^ip wu, to pay 
back, return, restore. 

Syn. HKMHKX, KAE8U. 

> + ^ )V J-jsj n. Refined camphor. 
HXKKO ^v-f-7 $f* $fa Mru, to return, 
send back, restore, pay back, as a borrowed 
thing. 

Syn. KAE8U, RENJO ftUBU. 

HxmnrO -x v- 1> & \ (kttmi irern) turn. 

to assign. illot. 

HXXOKO ^ ) a jt t^ n. Mi-mlirnm virile. 

. XHKTd, NAXKOT*. MARA 'i.U. 

HXXREI -sVU>f jg f5 l/r//, |0 

reciprocate; to return a compliment, make a 
present in return. 



HEXREKI ^>>\s* ^ g urw, to travel 
about. 

Syn. HEMEGURI, VUREKI. 

HEXRUDA ^ ^ >\, $ #* ^ ^: n. The common 

rue, lUita praveolens. 

HEXSAI ^^^4 3$ ^ sum, to return, re- 
pay, restore, give back. 
HEXSEI -xjx-bvf #$ j$ (ami naxti) st/ru, to 

compose, form, constitute : heisotsu Jiyaku nin 

ico motte iashtltai u-o sum. 
HENSEN ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ il (utsuri kau-ari) n. 

Change; vicissitude : yo no , the vicissitudes 

of life. 

HEXSHA ^ ^ ^-y |g ^ n. The author, editor. 
HENSHI -xv^ )V ^ (katatoki) n. A short 

time; a moment: mo icasurezu, not to 

forget for a moment. 
HENSHI ^ ^ & ^ 5E, n. A strange, unusual, 

or unnatural death. 
HENSHIN -x v & */ ^ /^ (kokoro-gaicari) n. 

Change of mind, or purpose. 
HEXSHIN ^ ^ $s */ \fa 3% (zenshin) n. The 

whole body. 
HENSHIN ^v^^5^ ^ $. (kaeshi mairasuru) 

suru, to return, send back (to a superior). 
Syn. UENJO. 

HENSHITSU ^^^y ^ ^ n. Sudden loss 

(of anything). 
HENSHO ->.v-b^ jfa >]* (chiisaki) no, little, 

small, petty : no kimi. 
HEXSHU --. > i, t? ffift $f *ur, to compile, 

edit : nin, editor; cho, chief editor. 
HENSHO -XV^T> frig $1 Obstinacy ; bigotry ; 

stubbornness; fixed in opinion ; pertinacious: 

tea kayette waga mi no gai ni mini, 
obstinacy inay become injurious to one's self. 

Syn. KATAIJI. 

HENSOKU ^ i/ y ? ^ RJ n. Learning the 
meaning of words or of a foreign language 
without regard to the pronunciation. 

HEXTETSU ^ ^ T ^ (co\\.) Utility, virtue, tasto, 
good quality (always followed by mo n<ii) : kono 
kttrashi ir<i nan ir.i mo nai, this mustard 
has not the least taste; knsuri n-a nan no 
mo iidi, the medicine has no taste, or, has no 
effect ; omoshiroku mo mo nai, not the Irast 
pleasant. 

HENTO ^ ^ ft ^ 1$ ^? n. Answer; reply: 

suru, to answer, reply ; ga nai, no 
ansv 

n. irrx.'l. JIVMl-o. KOTAK. 

Ih:N-i-"-i.x *.> Y t?M*' fa 5. JJ.^ n. (med.) 
The tonsil gland. 

t-Ki ^ i y + \fa $ n. A game in which 
one pnrt of a Chinese character is given to add 
the other. 

: SHI ~.x is u. Master or head of a 
house. 

Syn. Kosiir. 

\KU -^W^ 19 K wrn, to compile, 
compose. 
Iln. ^ ; &|g n. The cord attached to a 

^ y i* 9 A l^ j^, ^ n. (coll.) 
A kind of htinking bug. 



HER 



150 



HI 



HERA -x ? ^ n. A paddle, spatula ; a trowel : 
kane-bcrn, a metal spatula, a trowel. 

fHKRABA <^y >* n. The feathers on the side 
and under the wings of a bird. 

HERAGAERI ^y H ^ >; n. A sprain of the 
ankle or foot : wo sum, to sprain the nnltle. 

HERASAOI ^ 7 # ^ n - A species of heron, 
spoon-bill. 

HERASHI,-SU ^ 7 ^ j$ t.v. To lessen, dimin- 
ish, reduce in number or bulk ; to abate : 
hito wo , to reduce the number of persons ; 
iriyo wo , to lessen expenses ; kni-heratu, to 
lessen by eating ; tsukai-herasu, to lessen by 
using. 

Sj'n. GENSHO SURU, SUKUNAKU SURU, HABUKU, 
GEXZURU. 

HERAZU -.7 ^ ft (neg. of Jicrii) guchi 
wo in, to talk inordinately or insolently. 

HERI ^ 9 #$ n. A border, binding; edging 
of a garment, mat, etc.: wotoru, to make a 
border : hcri-tori-goza, a mat with a binding. 

HERI -v >; ft n. A diminution, loss, waste, 
discount : heri go. tatsn, there is a loss, or 
waste (in goods, etc., as from handling). 
Syn. HKKOMI. 

HERI.-RU ^ >\* ft i.v. To be lessened in bulk, 
diminished in number ; to wear or wasto 
ftwny : limn ga hetta, the number is dimin- 
ished ; harn (ja , to be hungry ; toithi 
gn , the whetstone wears away. 
Syn. GENSHO SURU, SUKUNAKU 'NARU. 

HKRJKUJ)ARI,-RU ^ J 9 jt fr j$ i.v. To hum- 
ble one's self : me He no Jiito ni heriluiduru, to 
humble one's self before n superior. 

Syn. KKNTAI, KENSON, H1GE 8URU, SHITA NI 
DERU. 

HERU -x 7U $g See he,-rit. 

HESAE.-RU ,^ -^ ^ ^ t.v. To press down, 
repress, subjugate. 

HESAKI ~.y * fe n. The prow or bow of a j 
bont or ship. 
Syn. MIOSHI. 

HESARA-BASARA ^-y- yriyr? n. (san.) A cal- 
culus concretion found in the stomach of some | 
animals; bezoar; (used in some places as a I 
charm in praying for rain). 

HESHI.-SU -x 7 N (same as hcrasu) To diminish, ' 
lessen. 

HESHI,-SU ^^ ?$%. t.v. (coll.) To press 
down, force down ; to crush ; to repress, sub- 
due : Into wo Jiesti, to treat onothcr with 
arrogance ; knclii wo , to force to be silent. 
Syn. osu, OSHI TSCKERU. 

HESHI-AI.-AU ^^J^ Jg i.v. (coll.) To 
push one's self forward before others. 

HESHIGUCITI -,^/f- ^ p n . ( C oll.) Shut- 
ting the mouth ; keeping silence : shite kitto 
Jienji tttl$hi ; shite e nio irnrawmii. 

HESHI-KOMI,-MU ^ ^ 3 A t.v. To press or 
squeeze into. 

HESHI-ORI,-RU -x \, % ^ |^^>' r t.v. (coll.) To 
brenk by pressing down, as across the knee. 

HESHI-TSUKE.-RU -x i, y p fr 1$L ^ (coll.) To 
silence; to prevent from speaking; to press 
down. 



HESO -x y ^ * n. A ball of thread : ito no 
, id. 

HESO -x y ^*f n. The navel : no o, tho 
navel string ; wo kaum, to bite one's navel, 
to repent of deeply ; de warau, to laugh 
scornfully. Syn. iiozo. 

HESOKURI-GANE *^ y 9 \) % %. fa - n. 
(coll.) Pin money ; the small private earnings 
of the wife. 

HETA -^ 2 $$ n. The calyx of the blossom 
which remains attached to the fruit. 

HETA -^ H '}' ^- Unskillful; inexperienced; 
unused to; clumsy ; bungling ; awkward: 
wo mini, to bungle, make a mistake ; no 
isha, an unskillful doctor ; saiku ga da, the 
work is badly done ; no yokoznki, fond of, 
but unskillful in any art ; go wa da, I am 
not good at checkers. 
Syn. BUCHOHO, JOZD NAI. 

HETA ^ ft n. Edge; side; i.q. hata ; nmi no 
, sea shore. 

HETABARI,-RU ^2,!*- i.v. (coll.) To bend 
down; to bow low : hrtabari-tsnkii, id. 

HETA-HETA-TO ^ ft ^ ? Y adv. Limber; pliant; 
flexible: hetarito, id.; karada ga nani. 

HKTSUKVBARI,-RU ^ y 9 ^* ;v- i.v. (coll.) To 
fawn, or act the sycophant; to be bowing and 
assenting to everything another says. 

IHETSUKURI ^ y & ; u. A bird-catcher. 

HETSURAI ** y 7 t fS n. Flattery ; adula- 
tion ; sycophancy. 
Syn. TSUISHO, KOBI. 

HETSURAI.-AU ^77^ "It? ^ t.v. To flatter, 
to fawn upon, pay court to; to play the 
sycophant; to endeavor to please: hito ni 
hetsurau, to flatter others ; hetsnrai mono, a 
flatterer, a sycophant : me uc no hito ni 
lu'ttnratte sJntr.se wo sum, to flatter a superior 
and get promotion. 

Syn. KOBIRU, TSUISHO SURU. 

1HETsuRi,-RU ^ 7 n- t.v. i.q. hatsuru. 

HETSURU -^y >\* Same as heznri. 

HETTSUI ^ y y 4 i. ^ u. A cooking range, 
kitchen furnace. byn. KAMADO. 

HEYA ^x-y Jp ^ n. A room, apartment; also 
a concubine. 

HEYAZUMI -x -y ^ ^ ^-f n. A son who, 
though grown up, still lives with his parents. 

HEZURI.-RU ^ -/ ;u j/jp t.v. To cut or clip off 
a part ; to clip, dock, scale ; to pilfer, abstract ; 
to take by stealth a little from a quantity : 
dni wo Jtczulte shu ni tanKii, to clip off from 
the big and add to the little ; hezuri-toru, to 
abstract. 
Syn. HATSURU. 

Hi b HI n. The sun : no hiknri, the 
light of the sun ; no de, the rising of the 
sun ; no iri, the setting of the sun ; no 
tr,ru nuchi (sekido), the equinoctial, the orbit 
of the sun ; (ja tern, sun shinrs ; fja 
iitsurii, the sun shines on, or, is reflected in ; 
hi (/n taktrn, the sun is getting high ; 
ni sarasii, to expose to the sun ; no me mo 
inizn, not seeing even the light of day. 

SyU. NICHI-RIN, TEXTO, TAIYO. 



HI 



151 



HIB 



Hi b EJ n. Day : ga nagai, the day is 
long ; ga mijikai, the day is short ; wo 
heru, to spend the time ; wo nobasu, to 
postpone the day ; wo sadamcru, to fix the 
day ; tro kurasu, to spend the day ; 
wo sugomi, id.; hi ico hem, id.; 7u' wo okuni, 
id.; ichi nichi yori, day by day. 

Syn. Nicni, JITSU. 

Hi b ^C u. Fire : pa moeru, the fire 
hums; ga Hern, the fire is going out; 
- ga tsnku, to catch fire ; wo taku, to 
make a fire; wo mow, id.; tro kcsn, to 
put out fire ; wo ntsu, to strike fire (with a 
11. lit) ; ico ikeru, to keep fire in (hy cover- 
it with ashes) ; no te, the flame of a 
ofiagration; no mibau, afire watch; 
Hoyu-jin, preparation, or care against a fire ; 

ga kikann kara yu ga nieru. 

KWA. 
Hi b ^: ;";/ n. The longitudinal groove in 

a sword blade. 

Hi b J$ n. The spleen: 7ii no zu, id. 
Hi b &fp u. Vermilion color : hi no koromo, 

a crimson robe. 

Hi b tf\ (kuri) n. Ice: usu-hi, thin ice. 
Hi b 3p (arazu) n. Evil; error; faults; de- 
fects ; bad ; wrong ; not so ; out of : wo 
n, to criticise, point out the defects ; in 
ochim, to be convicted of wrong, to be cast 
in a suit, proven guilty ; sen hi wo ktiyamu, 
to repent of some evil which one has done ; 
te to hi no icakaranu mono, a person who does 
not know the difference between ri^ht and 
ng; liito no hi wo ii-tatem, to speak of the 
i doings of others ; hi-yakn, out of office. 

ARHI. 

Ill b g n. A water pipe, spout, trough ; a 
faucet : hi no kuchi, the mouth of a faucet or 
drain ; wo uzumeru, to lay a water-pipe 
uud. 

TOI. 

Hi b j n. A weaver's shuttle : liata no hi, 
i uttle of a loom. 

Hi b $# n. A monument; a stone tablet; a 
Btonc cut for lithographing : 7ji wo talent, to 
erect a monument; *</.-/' hi, a stono monu- 
ment ; hi no mci, the inscriptions on a monu- 

:it. 

Hi b It (knrabf, tagui) Comparison; kind; 
ort : turn, to compare, match ; karera no 

ni nrnzn, not like thnu ; min-riir. 

Hi b Ji (i;nhitsn) sum, to hide, conceal : 

.' :nn. 

Hi ;:amc of a tree, Retinispora 

obtusu; i.q. hi> 

. or at 
a !.. ti flib : nnishi <i<i him. Die 

I 

-/ , 

. Ill-- ill y 1 
i ; hi iiit'ii". 

the nun, particularly dried fifth j 

g<\ hiiini. the discussion is not ended. 

1. KAWAKU, IIAKII* 

- b J' $& t.v. To winnow or clean grain 



by throwing it up in the air and catching it 

in a basket : mi de kome tro 7iint, to winnow 

rice with a basket. 
HI-ABURI b 7 '/ 9 *X JPJ n. Punishment by 

burning at the stake: ni sum, to burn at 

the stake. 
HI-AQARASHI,-SU b 7 ** 7 * (caust. of hiagari) 

To dry, desiccate. 

Syn. HOSU, KAWAKASU. 
HI-AOARI,-EU b f H fr ^ Jfc. i.v. Dried up ; 

arid ; parched : hideri de tsnchi ga . 

Syn. KAWAKC. 
HI-AI b7b H ful n. The space of a day; 

interval of several days ; a number of days ; 

time: ga tatta, many days have elapsed; 

ga am, there is plenty of time. 
HIAI b T 4 ^ ^ (kanashiiui-kanashinni) 

Grief; sorrow. 
HI-ASHI b T S" BJ Jp n. The rays of the 

sun: ma do kara hi-ashi ga sasu, the sun's 

rays enter by the window; ga hayai t i\\o 

sun travels fast. 
HI-AWAI b ~T ' N A JtE $! (hisashi no nwai) 

The narrow space between adjoining houses 

overhung by the eaves of each house : o 

momo no ki. 
HI-AYAURIII b T "V 2^ Exclam.=" Be careful 

of fire," the call of a watchman at night. 
HIBA b ;' Ifc. ? n. Dried radish leaves. 
HIBA b ,* ^-1 fa n. A kind of evergreen, the 

Thujopsis delabrata. 

Syu. SAWARA. 

HIBAIJA b /< st ^ Jt! u. Great-grand- 
mother. 
HIBACIII b /Cf- >k fo n. A brazier, or pnn 

for holding hot coals for warming the hands 

or apartments of a house. 
HIIUN \z t*^ 2k & ^t on duty; off duty: 

kounichi wa Jubun de gozttrimasn, am off duty 

to day ; Jiiban tfiban nakn Isitniekim, to bo 

always on duty without a division of watch. 
HIBANA b/'-J- A' It A fpark: wo 

chirashite tatakau, to fight until the sparks 

fly. 

HIBARI b /* 9 ^ '\i n. A sky-lark. 

AMI b /C^ 5 X.1%, n - The cock of a 

gun, <-r tin 1 i-hu-o \\luTi.' the match is held in 

a match lock. 
HIIIASHI b /* i' X 'ft- n. Two iron rods used 

for taking up fnv ; t>ngR. 
HiiusniuA b /*>" 9 n. A phosphorescent light 

like a ])ill!ir, supposed to bo produced by tho 

fox or bmlgor. 
Hn.i b \f fti n - Chnps, or cracks in tho 

hands j>i rrtn, 

the hnn.ls mo chapped ; hibi-aktigirt, cli!-. 

nnd ci;i< ' 

Him b b' A rrnrl< ; th^ rrnrkwl ap- 
iin : (Jd illn trti'tnoiiti ; 

lulu i/<il.i. i\ Kind of porcelain mndo to look 

nH if 
HIM HIM M b U r b l/ P ' \v. 

i-'T b L' * * *" & Iff (^t. ol 
To cause to reverberate, or echo. 



HIB 



152 



HID 



HIBIKI b if ^ tjp n. Sound ; noise ; report ; 
echo ; concussion ; a crack : teppo no , the 
report of a gun ; jishin no , the shock of an 
earthquake; ga iru, to be cracked. 

HIBIKI.-KU b if 9 2j i- v - To echo, resound, 
reverberate ; to extend, as an impulse, shock, 
or concussion : to/a wo koe ten ni hibiku, the 
shout resounded to the heavens; teppo ga 
natte shdji ni hibiku, the sound of the guns 
reverberates against the windows ; hibiki wa- 
tarii, to reverberate on every side ; ashi no 
itami ga atama ye noboru, the pain of the foot 
reaches to the head. 

HIBI-NI b tf fl fl adv. Daily ; every day. 
Syn. NICHI-NICHI-NI. 

HIBIRAGI,-GD b tf 7 / i.v. To tremble, shake, 
quiver ; to smart, to prickle with a pungent 
pain. 

Syn. FDRUERU, FURATSUKU. 

HIBIRE b tT u n. A crack (in porcelain) : 
ga fru, to be cracked. 

HIBISO b if y n. An inferior kind of raw silk 
made from the outside fibres of cocoons. 

HIBITAKI b t* -V 3 1 n. A kind of porcelain 
baked so as to have a cracked appearance. 
Syn. RAKUYAKI. 

HIBO, or HIMO b Tjf $3 n. Cord ; braid ; a 
plaited string. 

HIBO b><# $ t$ (warukn in) i.q. hih~>. 

HIBO b/*# ^fe^ B. Treason: wo hakani. 

HIBON b itf v 3~ J{j (nami naranu) Extraor- 
dinary ; unusual ; uncommon : no sai. 

HIBOSHI b ;jf ^ jfc. $ n. Drying or dried in 
the sun, or at a fire; (met.) emaciated by 
starvation: hiboshi-gaki, dried persimmons; 
ni sareru, to be starved, shriveled by 
starvation. 

HIBU b -/ ft $ n. Interest by the day : 
de kane wo karini, to borrow money at so 
much interest a day. 

HIBDKURE b 7* ^ v X fife n. The blister 
from a burn : yakedo shite ni natta, to be 
burnt and blistered. 

HIBUN b 7* f 3&& Unbecoming one's sta- 
tion ; improper; unjust; unreasonable; dis- 
proportionate: no funtmai, improper con- 
duct ; ?io safa, an unjust sentence ; no 
tsinni ni ochiru, to receive an undue degree of 
punishment. 

Syn. NAMIHAZURE, FUTO. 

HIBUNE b 7'* X. j$ n. A steamboat. 
Syn. JOKISEN. 

HIBDRUI b 7* ** 4 ^X i$ n. Daily shake of 
the ague. 

HIBUSE b7*-fe ^X ffi (hi wo funegn) n. Pro- 
tection against tire : no fitdd, a charm to 
protect against fire, pasted near the entrance 
of a house ; 710 kawi. 

HIBUTA b 7* * K ff j8f n. The cap that 
covers the pan of a matchlock. 

HIBYO-IN b b* 3 # >f i/ ^ $51% n. A hospital 
where persons laboring under infectious dis- 
eases are treated. 

Hicin bf- # See*7ic7ii. 

Hicm bf- -^ Seven (same as shichi). 



HICHIRIKI b f- 9 * 3%. ^ n. A small pipe, 
or flageolette: 710 shita, the reed of a fla- 
geolette. 

HICHISIIA b f- S^ -Y % v % (osameraruni 
mono) n. Those who are governed, opp. of 
shuchisJia. 

HICHO b 7' ^ fflj; .% (tobu-tori) n. A flying 
bird : no goto leu. 

HICHO b f- 3 it .^ n - Specific gravity. 

HIDA b " ffi n. Plaits ; folds : wo torn, 
to plait. 

HIDACHI b^f- ft %. n. The daily improve- 
ment, or convalescence of a sick person ; the 
daily growth of an infant : ga warui. 

HIDACHI.-TSD b jf y B Jl. i.v. To gradually 
improve ; to daily grow better in health or 
larger in size (said of a sick person, or infant) : 
akambu ga dan-dan hidatsu, the infant gradu- 
ally grows in size ; hidachi-kaneru, not im- 
proving. 

HIDAI b if 4 HS fc Corpulent ; fat ; hyper- 
trophy. 

HIDAMA b fT -r ^ j n. Will of the wisp; 
ignis fatuus ; a ball of fire. 

HIDARI b if 9 . n. The left : HO te, the 
left arm ; 710 ho, the left side. 

HlDARI-OAMAE b^9 if ^ ^ & 11*1 n - -A- 1^ 

position, or left guard, as in fencing. 

HIDARI-GIKI b ^ V =\- * 2fe f']) n - Left - 

HiDARi-oixcno b tf V if y + 9) handed. 

HIDARI-MAE b if 9 * ~* if, f( Buttoning 
on the left side ; the right breast of the coat 
folded over the left : ahinsho ga ni natta 
to suffer a reverse of fortune. 

HIDARI-MAKI b *" 9 * * & & n. Turning 
towards the left in winding. 

HIDARI-MOJI b^;^!? A^t^Fn. A char- 
acter or word written backwards. 

HIDARI-NAWA b jf 9 -^ ^ & $ n. A rope 
made by twisting to the left. 

HIDARI-UCHIWA b^*!?#f-'> n. Holding the 
fan in the left hand : de. kurasu, to live in 
ease and leisure. 

fHiDARi-YUGAMi b }f '') ^- if \ n. A left-hand- 
ed marriage, said of a marriage between a 
poor man and a rich woman. 

HIDARUGARI,-RD b if fl* ft *" i.v. To feel hun- 
gry ; to be always hungry. 

HIDARUI.-KI-SHI b tf fr 4 3?ES adj. Hun- 
gry- 

Syn. HARA GA HERU, BIMOJII, KUFDKU, FERU. 

HIDARDKU, or HIDARU b^*;i-^ il adv. Hun- 
gry : nai, not hungry. 

HIDARDSA b tf fr T &L n. Hunger ; the de- 
gree or state of hunger. 

HIDASHI,-SU b jf x* i$i& t.v. To winnow, or 
clean by throwing up the grain with a shallow 
basket called a mi. 

HiDAYDKi,-KU-sni b if =* ^ adj. Same as 
hidaruki. 

HIDKN brv $5tiH n. A secret, or private 
formula, art, or instruction which one has 
been taught by others, or which has come 
down in one's family : ico oshiern ; ico 
sazukcru; wo ukeru; wo yurusu. 



HID 



153 



HIG 



br2"f ^ 3 T8 n. n asy- 
lum, poor house, or hospital. 

HIDERI b r >; %. n. A drought, long con- 
tinuance of clear weather : doshi, a year of 
drought ; doshi ni hikin nashi (prov.). 
Syu. KAMPATSU. 

HIDERISO b T 9 y $ n. The portulaca ; i.q. 
matsuba-botan. 

HIDO b jf $ 3k all (michi ni arazu) Cruel; 
outrageous ; unjust ; dishonest : na koto; 
wo sum, to behave tyrannically ; to act un- 
justly. 

ru b jf $ ? X Sfi Q n. Tools for 
.king fire, as flint, steel, tinder, etc. 

HIDOI.-KI-KU-SHI b ^ 4 fi$ adj. Hard ; violent ; 
intense ; severe ; grievous ; cruel ; outrageous ; 
excessive ; atrocious : hidoi me ni au, to meet 
with cruel or hard treatment ; hidoi hito da, 
a cruel, hard man; hidoi nedan, au exorbitant 
price; hidni atsusa da, it is exceedingly hot; 
hitloku naru, to become severe. 

Syn. XASAKENAI, MUGOI. 

HIDOKEI b b* tr 4 HJ flf %\ n. A sun-dial. 
HIDOKO b H" n ^X Pfr n. A fire-place. 
HIDORI b K" } ) n. The widgeon. 

i b b* V EJ J n. Selecting or fixing 
on a day : wo sum, to fix on a day. 
HIDORI.-RU b fl* %$ t.v. To dry by heating 
an a pan ; to roast : cha wo , to fire tea. 
Syn. HOJIRU, HI-IRE wo SUBU. 
-A bh'lf (see hidoi) n. Severity; atro- 
city ; intensity ; violence. 
HIDOTO b h n. (worn.) i.q. himono. 

^Ib*** &n. Useful; beneficial. 

n. IU-F.KI. 
ITiE See /////('. 

Hiru b 7 4# M. " A. kind of coat worn by 
doctors, priests, or gentlemen who have retired 
from business. 

^7 )X /S (fonca, hadae) The skin. 
:; i b 7 ^ & *k n. A vessel into which 
are blown from the pipe : 
i-iece of bamboo used for blowing the 

b 7 * I) Y fa flfc f " (mil.) 
Allowance for clothing and necessaries to 
soldiers, etc. 

' ** ? * & f$ (kantuhimi iki<lf>ri) 
Sorrow and anger: nojr, yam koto nashi. 
b if f #i (knre to wart) Others and 
- no betun nakn, making no distinction 
between m-lf and otliers. 

noous (only used 

in comp.) JIH : i ru i, an erroneous an 
060^, mistake of memory; knzaf t mis- 
take in counting; mini. 

HI b *'-% 9 Q fvjir (loin- ainl tttQ 
on Ihe name day: ni $nrn t to go and i 
i lie name day. 

IIIK!,-KO-81U b if b if i" 4 adj. 

McJi ;ISC. 

' 

:,iu uir-fi^Y ttlf^f"- '- 1 ' 1 " 1 "'jurcd 
par 

M 



HIGAKE b *' 9r ft #f n. Daily payments or 
contributions: tana-chin KO ni shite torn, 
to receive the house rent in daily payments. 

fHiOAKi b H * n. A hedge made of the hiiwlii. 

HIGAKOTO b * a ] f^^n. A mistake, 
error ; sometliing false, untrue, or absurd. 

HlGAM-BANA b tf ^ ,* + f$ 7f ? U. TllC 

Ornithoglum. 

HIGAME b if * f$ n. Seeing incorrectly ; 
an error of sight : taisho to mini wa /.'.r, 
are my eyes mistaken in taking you to be the 
general ? 

HIGAMI b # ^ n. Suspicious ; envious ; par- 
tiality : ya dent, to be suspicious. 

HIGAMI.-MU b if A f^L i.v. To bo bent, 
crooked, warped, perverse, prejudiced, partial, 
envious : kokoro ga higande oru, his mind is 
prejudiced; liigami konjo, envious, or suspi- 
cious disposition ; to ga , the door is warped. 

Syn. KATAYORU, JIAGARU, NEJIKERD. 

HIGAMONO b ji* ^ ) n. A vicious, perverse 
person. 

HIGAN b if ^ ^ ^ n - The spring and au- 
tumnal equinox, a period of 7 days in the 2nd 
and 8th months (o.c.) appropriated to the 
worship of Buddha. 

HI-GAN b H ^ fl ^ (ano kishi) Lit. tho 
other shore, i.e Paradise (Bud.). 

HIGANAI,-KI-KU b if -)- 4 adj. (coll.) Poor; 
indigent; destitute: higanui kurafhi, living 
in indigence. 

HlCANA-ICHI-NICni b^'^'ff 1 f* HI 13 

The whole day. 

Syn. HIMEMORU, SHCJITRU. 
HIGANAKIN b -X -h * >- ^ ^ r)J n. Turkey 

red cloth, 
HIGANOKO b ** } a J^F ^L ? " A kind of 

silk with red ground and white figures. 

HlOAN-ZAKDRA b if ^ & ? 7 $fc 7f- $ n. A 

kind of flowering cherry tree. 
HIGARA b if 7 HI #5 The kind of day, as to 
lucky or unlucky : ga yoi, a lucky day ; 
tia u-ariti, a bad or nnlucky day; tuchii," 
nochi, after many days. 
HIGARA b # 9 n. A small bird, the titmouse, 

or tomtit, Parns at-r. 

IIi.iARAi,-KU adj. (coll.) Spoiled from I 
kept too long; not fresh (of fish) : kono taint na 
wa higarai. 

ii. b*'9> n. Squint-eyed. 
HP. ASA b a ? HJ $: n. A parasol. MB-abtdt, 
VMA b if V < "<lv. i ; willfully 

perverting, mi Uog 01 ili^tiirting the 

woi .iiiotlnr. 

in b *"*' ft ('"') n. Tho cast: wo 
hi>; no /</' 
Hi-- cast. 

''?; Vc ^ " Sro hifjir.ithi. 
U / g, 1). nr.l : //././,. a 

inn /".'/', wluHkurs ; nhittt-li ;- . tho 

bin : . chii-i tin Inn-nil, 

lust anothor'a board to flatter, act the 

luiiit. 

HIOB b/ $L f Bolmving in ahnnibh 1 iiianiH-r ; 
'taking a low place ; depreciating olio's self : 



HIG 



154 



HIJ 



Inge shite mono wo iu t to speak humbly ; zui- 
bnn hiye itasu ni sUikazu, there is nothing 
better than an humble deportment ; hiye 
siiyiru, to be over-modest or humble. 

Syn. KENSON, KENTAI, HERIKUDARU. 

HIGEKAOO b '/ # a 5 u. A kind of coarse 
basket. 

fHiGE NI b >f ^ adv. Daily ; every day. 
Syn. HIBI NI. 

HIQI b 4? f$ ft sum, to vilify, backbite, 
speak evil of, calumniate. 
Syn. HIHO, aosniRU. 

HIGI b *f 3); fJI (0* ni araxu) Unjust ; un- 
reasonable ; improper. 

HIGIRI b ^ 9 H P& n. A fixed time; a set 
. time in which to do anything : wo sum, to 
set a time. 

Syn. NICHI-GEN. 

HIGISHO b ^? ^ -V * A' 32 t-S n - Trial bv 
fire : a mode of ascertaining whether a person 
was guilty or not, by making him grasp a red 
hot iron bar ; if the hand was burnt the person 
was guilty, if it was not burnt he was innocent. 

HIGO b 3 1 $$! n. A long and slender slip of 
bamboo, used in making baskets. 

HIGO b =f 7 3fc tS Innocent ; guiltless ; not 
having done anything in the previous state of 
existence to bring down retribution in this 
life ; (Bud.) hi go na shi wo awaremu, to de- 
plore the death of one cut off apparently with- 
out causo, or who died a violent death. 

HI-GOI b =f >f n. The red carp. 

HIGORO b rf p EJ $& Common ; usual ; for 
years past ; for a long time ; habitual : no 
negai ga kandta, have gained what I have for 
years been wanting ; no yuriki, his usual 
power. 

HIGOTAE b =f S* ^ ^X tf n. The property of 
enduring or resisting fire; proof against fire: 
ga yoi, incombustible ; fire-proof ; ga 
u-cirni, easily consumed. 

HIOOTO-NI b =f Y- ^ ty fl (mai-nichi) adv. 
Daily ; every day. Syn. NICHI-NICHT. 

HIGUCHI b / f- 9c \* n. The touch-hole of 
a gun. Syn. KWAMON. 

HIGUMA b /-r n. The brown bear. 

HIGURASHI b >/ 7 $s ^ n. A kind of cicada 
of a green color. 

HIGURE b / v fl ffi n. Sunset ; evening. 
Syn. BAN. 

HIGUWASHI bjr9S"333-n. A kind of 
dry confectionery made of rice-meal and 
sugar. 

HIGYO b*?-Y{r fa ft (tobi yuku) Flying 
away: sennin wa higyojizai, the sennin have 
the power of flying. 

HIHAN b >\ ^ t 1] sum, to criticise ; to 
point out the defects ; to animadvert upon ; 
to speak evil of ; vilify; find fault with: bun 
wo , to criticise a writing; shimo to shite 
o kami no koto wo 'subckarnzn, a subject 
should not criticise the acts of his lord ; 
sum tokoro naslii, there is no occasion for 
finding fault. 
Syn. HI wo UTSU, HINAN, HIHYO. 



HIHARA b >>N 7 n. The side of the abdomen. 

HIHEI b ~ 4 ^$f^ sum, to become poor; 
to deteriorate ; to decline, decay. 
Syn. OTOROERU. 

HI-HI b v $fc $fr n. A baboon. 

Hmo b ^ # |fc | *uru, to speak evil of, 
slander, calumniate : hito wo . 
Syn. SOSHIRU, WARUKU-IU, HIOI. 

HIHO b^N^ ^^g Dispatch; message. 

HI-HYO b b -V T> ^lt ^f- sum, to criticise. 

HIIBABA b >f /f si $j fl $ n. Great-great- 
grandmother. 

HIIDE,-RU b >f T ** $$ i- v - To be luxuriant, 
splendid, excellent ; to be eminent, glorious ; 
to surpass: hiidete minorazaru mono, luxuriant 
and bearing no fruit ; gaku ni hiideru, eminent 
in learning ; hiidetaru ko wo tateru, to per- 
form a deed of great merit ; mayu ga , her 
eyebrows are beautiful. 

Syn. BUGURERU, NDKINDERU. 

HIIJIJI b >f "f *p ^fj fa 5C & Great-great- 

grandfather. 
HIIKI b >f ^ jfa % n. Partiality ; favoritism : 

ni suru, to side with, favor; wo sum, to 
be partial ; to favor one more than another ; 

ni omou, to feel partiality ; no hiki-daoshi, 
to injure by showing too much favor; nn 
kata, the persons who are on one side ; ni 
sarem, to be the object of partiality or favor; 
ano hito wo ni sum, to side with a person. 

HIIMAGO b /f v =f ^ ffi n. Great -great- 

grandson. 

HIIRO b b ** 3d$i n. The moth of a silkworm. 
Hui b *? ^ The elbow, arm : wo haru, to 

stretch out the elbows (as in a dispute); to bo 

obstinate ; jco magete makura to turn, to 

make a pillow of the arm. 
Hui b 5? 3fc ^ n. A feast on the eve of the 

anniversary of a death. 
Hui b ** ;& (doro) u. Mud ; earth. 
HI-JI b & $J{ ^ n. A secret : wa matsuge 

no gotoshi, a secret is like the eye-lash. 
Hui, Hizu b ^ i.v. To be wet ; soaked with 

water : namida ni sode , her sleeve was wet 

with tears. 

Syn. NURERU. 
HZJXOANE b *?**? n. The hook which falls 

into the ring or socket of a fastening. 
HIJIJI bf-'f-' ^$&5C n< Great-grandfather. 
HIJIKAKE bf-*^^* n. An elbow-rest ; a kind 

of stand. 
HIJIKAKE-ISU bf-'^^M^ n- An arm-chair. 



a rain when one makes an umbrella of his 

arm) A sudden shower. 
HIJI-KI bf-*^ 1 ^^c n. A wooden elbow, 

brace ; a wooden knee. 
HIJIKI b i? * Jgi, ft 2 n. A kind of ediblo 

seaweed, Systo.seira. 
IHuiMAKi b ? * -r ^ n. An armlet, or orna- 

mental band worn on the arm. 
HIJINI b $ ^ $$ #L (uejini) To be starved to 

death : sum. 
Syn. GASHI. 

b f-V * n. i-^- doma. 



HIJ 



155 



HIK 



HIJIRI b i? !) ^ n. A sage ; one intuitively 
wiso and good : a virtuous Buddhist priest : 
ihijiri, a Buddhist saint. 

D, SEfJIN. 

HIJIRIMKX b f* 9 * z/ &})&& 0} n. Red crape. 

HIJITSCRO b -1- y ;tf fii $2 A hook and 
staple hinge ; a ball and socket joint. 

HI-JO b i? -Y # ^K '})>* (ttiint 7/1 rm/*) Un- 
common ; unusual ; strange ; extraordinary ; 
a catastrophe: 7/0 koto ; ni ukii. 

b v*-V fy 3]; f^ (kokoro arnzn) Without 
fooling ; inanimate (as trees, etc.) : vjo hiju, 
animate and inanimate. 

Hi.roiii b i? -V # =V* 13 ^ ^ n > A post used 
for showing the hour by its shadow. 

HIJCTSD b i?^.!X $2 fti n - Secret art or skill : 
tro tanktiithiti' tatukaii. 

fHiKA b ft ;) ^ n. Of a different caste or 
social rank. 

lIiKAE b ft *x to_ n. Restraint, entry, note, 
minute, or memorandum made as a voucher ; 
anything kept in reserve ; an heir, successor: 
chdmen ni ga am, there is a memorandum 
in the ledger; 710 ma, ante-room. 

HIKAE,-RU b ft - A- $ t.v. To pull back ; to 
draw back : to restrain one's self, refrain ; to 
hold back; to hold up, support; to check, stop; 
to forbear; to jot down ; to make a note of : 
nina wo , to rein back a horse ; sode wo 
Jiikaetc tr>. to pull the sleeve (of any one 
going) and inquire ; sake wo , to diminish 
the amount of wine a person drinks ; cnnjo 
thitf hikafrn, to refrain on account of dif- 
fidence; clw-men ni , to make a memo- 
randum, or note of anything in a note book ; 
hon wo hikaete kdaJiakn wo kikn, to listen to 
a lecture, following it out of the book; o hikac 
mi fare, please restrain yourself, or stop a 
little: kiichi wo , to refrain from speaking; 
hikaete hito wo tusn, to step back and let 
another pass; if no mae ni ido wo , to make 
a well near the front of a house. 

BABIIIRA bft^/*^7 3tttn- A 

Syn. Tsi-KKAinu. 

; OAKI b ft ~* H * $ i n. A memo- 
linn; a note, minute, voucher; a duplicate. 

HlKAKME b ft ^ jt /j [] n. Forbearance; 

self-restraint; moderation ; revive; temjirr- 

unco: ni unm, to exercise moderation; 

' / iro ni sum. t" 1 e moderate in talking; 

.-'/' ni iinnarr, bo i< nijierate in nil things; 

-erve, forward. 
;:-.A, ENRYO. 
HAHK.-HH Hffxx-n-^/U A* to CaUfit. of 






MI b ft if I n. Tho 
hollow hrhind t 
HiKAGR bft/ ^J. n. Sunlight; stinnhino: 
ghftde: In kuijf K. vn:n ni fliiml,i. died \vith- 
ng the light ; /.- ,it<tt,il;,t ni 

' 

sonic offenac, is coinp. -Ih-d t> b- 
icy. 

" bft^T7 n. A species of butter- 
fly of the genus Satyrus. 



HlKAOE-NO-KAZURA b ^ ^ ) * *f 7 ^ fe n. 

A species of Lrfcopodium, or club-moss. 

HI-KAKI b * * A' ^f " A fire poker, or shovel. 

HI-KAKU b -ft 9 tt^ Comparison : sum, to 
compare. Syn. KURABERU, TAKURABERU. 

HIKAKDSHI b ^7 9 ^ n. A sun-shade or screen. 
Syn. HI YOKE. 

HI-KAN b ** ^ ^ $f n. Marasmus. 

HIKAIIABI,-UU b ^ y \ffi- jjt ^4 i.v. Dried and 
shriveled by the sun. 

HIKARAKASHI,-SU[ b # 5 # *. ^ ^ (canst, of 

HIKARASE.-RU ) hiluiri) To cause to shine ; 
to make bright ; to flash. 

HIKARK,-RTT b # \* ** ^i^\ (pass, of hiku) To 
be led ; to be treated with partiality, favored, 
drawn, attracted, tempted; to be influenced: 
kokoro no hikaruru tokoro no, a rite taddahikii 
nasu koto ga dekinu, something influences his 
mind and he cannot do right. 

HIKAKI b * 9 }, n. Light ; lustre; radiance ; 
refulgence ; brightness; gloss; brilliancy; glit- 
ter ; (met.) influence; power; virtue: hi no , 
light of the sun ; wo tgntmimn, to hide one'a 
light ; ga sosn, the light shines ; kaiic 
no , influence of money. 

HIKAKI.-BU b to*' ft. i.v. To shine; to glitter, 
sparkle, glisten ; to be glossy, bright ; to flnsh, 
gleam : hoshi ga hikaru, the stars sparkle ; 
hikari-u-atani, to glisten on all sides ; ina- 
zuma ga , the lightning flashes. 

Syn. KAGAYAKU, TERU. 
HlKASARE,-RU ll 1] ? Is >l* i^ fj\ (pHRS. of 

Jiikasu) To be tempted, enticed, led astray; 
attracted, drawn : sake ni liiknwretc inichi iro 
somuku, to be led astray by sake and forsake 
the right way ; oya n-a ko no ai ni , the 
parent is influenced by love to his child. 

HIKASE,-SU b ft to *" or HIKASHI,-SU b ft * 
The caust. of hi kit. 

HIKATA b ft 9 ^ ;H n - A dry sandy beach. 

HIKATA b ft 9 n. A south-west wind. 

HlKATAMARI,-RtT b ft 9 V ** ^T $ I.V. To bo 

dry and bakod hard by the sun. 

HIKE b fj\ n. Retiring; withdrawing; 
going to bed : wo torn, to be defeated, or 
to withdraw from a contest; ni num. 

HIKI..-RU bfr*' ^1 i.v. To withdraw, rotire, 
leave off; to cheapen : banxho /M hikcta, tho 
watch have left; nt'dan wa hikfina*rn, I 
cannot cheapen it; bun ni >; : jnt<i 

hikrm, to go out on duty in tho moynin;:. ami 
h'.-ivo in UM evening; hikf-knc/ti, a way by 
which to retire; mo hike masii ka, arc } r oii 
going to bed? 

HIKEMONO b^ -: C-7 4^ ]': n. S.cond-lmnd 
articles which have lie n forfeited and sold 
by a pawnbroker, nurjarf mono. 

''' ^ jfetL (h Iraki mini) 
and ) * ;i.l 

- b T y ft. SL '-' ^ (humble) opinion: 
iro iiolirni. 

HlBKiuiuHiii,-Hn b P 9 ft * (amo. as hikara- 
kaf 

>URC another to fcl tn\iuu: yoi kimono 
wo hito ni . 



HIK 



156 



HIK 



UIKESHX b >r Ss $t ftj n. A fire extinguisher ; 
a fire-man : gumi, a fire company. 
Syn. SHOBO-NIN. 

HIKESUGI.-KU b^*^*' fj\ i$ i.v. Eetired; 
withdrawn ; left. 

HIKETSU b P y $>t n. Constipation of 
bowels. 

HIKETSU b ? y ^ fc (yoshi to sezu) sum, 
to reject, as a motion ; not to pass : dogi wo 
sitru, to reject a motion. 

HIKI b * & A haul ; act of hauling ; numeral 
for animals, for 2 tan, or a piece of silk of 
about 64.62 feet or 21 yards ; for ten cash ; 
a draught or haul of a net : nma nambiki, how 
many horses? iisld sambiki, three head of 
oxen ; kinu ippiki, one piece of silk ; zeni 
jippilii, a hundred cash ; ami hito , one 
haul of a net. 

HIKI b * & n. Bull frog. Syn. KAWAZU. 

fHiKi b ^ n. A dwarf. 

HIKT.-KU b^ i</|, 3$ t.v. To pull, draw, 
haul, drag, lead, tow ; to take in one's com- 
pany; & to retire, withdraw from, retreat; 
fj to stretch, prolong, extend, spread ; ty to 
deduct, subtract ; to quote, cite ; to look for 
n word in a dictionary ; to distribute ; # to 
saw ; to grind ; $j to play on a stringed in- 
strument : nma KU , to lead a horse; haha 
no te u'o hiite aruku, to walk holding a 
mother's hand; chimba wo hiite aruku, to 
walk dragging a lame leg; fune too , to tow 
n boat ; iki wo , to draw a breath ; yumi 
wo , to draw a bow ; ezu wo , to draw a 
picture ; jin wo , to remove a camp ; mise 
wo , to retire from a shop (for the day) ; 
ban wo , to leave off a watch ; ami wo , 
to drag a net ; koe wo , to utter a long 
sound ; ato 100 , to hold on, or prolong the 
doing of anything; sakazuki wo , to drain 
a wine-cup ; ito wo , to pull a string, or 
lay a rope; kaze wo , to catch a cold ; kyu- 
kin wo , to cut one's wages; nedan ico , to 
cheapen the price ; ji wo , to look for a word 
in a dictionary ; nta wo , to quote poetry ; 
tatoe wo , to cite an illustration ; kiiji wo 
, to draw lots ; raibyd wa suji wo , leprosy 
runs in the blood (or family) ; toi de yama 
Kara mizu wo , to bring water from the 
mountain in pipes ; kmcashi wo , to pass 
round a dessert ; ro wo , to spread wax ; 
mi 100 , to retire; kokoro wo , to draw 
out one's opinion, to try, tempt ; ita wo , 
to saw boards ; usu wo , to grind a mill ; 
Jnishi wo , to make a comb (by sawing) ; 
samisen wo , to play the guitar ; koto wo 
, to play a harp; to no iiclii nanatsu hiite 
mitsu nokoru, subtract seven from ten and 
three remains; Juki mo kirazu, without in- 
terval, in quick succession. 

Syn. MICHIBIKI, NOBASU, RHIRIZOKU, NUKU. 

HIKI-AGE.-HU b^Ty^ *;I _h t.v. To draw 
up ; to go up in price ; to promote ; to with- 
draw: sola ic a daibnn hiki-nricta, the market 
price has gone up considerably ; rjunzei ico , 
to withdraw an army. 



HIKI-AI b^7b *f| * n. Answerable, re* 
spousible, implicated or involved along witb 
others ; a mercantile arrangement, consulta- 
tion, conference : wo ku t to have to answer 
for; to be implicated with others. 

HIKI-AI,-AD b 3p Y 7 ?j\ * t.v. To pull in 
opposite directions or against each other ; to 
be answerable for, responsible for ; to be im- 
plicated, involved in, or compromised in an 
affair ; to be profitable ; to consult together : 
te wo JiiJciatte aruku, to walk hand in hand ; 
hikiau mono, a profitable article of sale; hitii- 
awanu, unprofitable article or business. 

HIKI-AI-CHO b * 7 b f # n. A pass-book. 

HIKI-AKE b % 7 jr 3j B$ n. Day-break ; dawn. 
Syn. YO-AKE. 

HIKI-AKE.-RU b^T^^ J;| tift t.v. Todraw 
or pull open : sJtiiji ico , to draw open a screen. 

HIKI-AMI b*75 fj\ $9 n. A seine. 

HIKI-ATE b % 7 T~ rj\ &* n. Security; pledge: 
ni sum, to give as security : ie wo ni suni, 
to give a house as security; to mortgage a 
house. Syn. SHICHI. 

HIKI-ATE,-RU b^rT7'^ ;I "^* t.v. To place 
together in order to compare, match, or value; 
to pit against; to give as security ; to mortgage. 

HIKI-AWASE.-RU b^T^^-fe^ ^|^ t.v. To 
introduce, make acquainted; to draw together; 
to compare together, to collect : hono hito wo 
ano hito ni , to introduce this man to that 
one; ingyo wo kiki-awathit mo airanai, 
having compared the seals together, found 
they did not agree ; yoroi no liikhncase, tho 
joints of armor where it is fastened together ; 
mi ni Jiiki-airasetc luintjaete mint, to apply it 
to himself and ponder over it. 

HIKI-CHA b t- f- V ?. 2fc n. Powdered tea. 
Syn. MATCHA. 

HIKI-CHIOAE.-RU b^f-tf^*- ^| at t.v. To 
dislocate ; to succeed one who has just left : 
hone wo , to dislocate a bone ; Jiiki-rJtiiia- 
ete kurti, to come in the place of one who has 
just retired. 

HIKI-DASHI b^^i'J/l&n. A drawer. 

HIKI-DAKHI,-SU b*^* ij\ & t.v. Todraw 
or pull out ; to find a word in the dictionary ; 
to quote, cite : yinko ka.ni kane wo , to draw 
money from the bank. 

HlKI-DE-MONO b * T * ) ?)\ & $7 " A 

present made to an equal or to an inferior. 
HIKIDO b ^ |? ^j Ip n. A sliding door. 
HIKIITDA b t- -y if fj\ ^L n. A circular, a 

handbill, notice: wo mawasu, to circulate 

a notice; ico kubarn, to distribute a notice. 
HIKIFUXE b ^ 7 3* ?)\ ft n. A tow-boat, a 

tug. 

HIKIGAERU b^**^^ n. A bull-frog. 
HIKIOANE b ^ tf3~ ?j\ & n. The trigger of a 

gnu. 
HIKIGCSUHI b ^ /^ 9 n, A medicine applied 

externally with a brush. 
HIKIHADA bl-'^ ? } \ ^JL n. A leather sword 



u. A highway robbsr. 



Syn. OIIIAGI. 



HIK 



157 



HIK 



HIKI-HAGI,-GU (coll. liippagi) b = ^ ?* fj] $] 
t.v. To pull or strip off a covering, clotlies, 
or skin. 

HiKi-HANAsni,-su (co\\. hippanaslti) b 3 s '> + ^ 
?j\ #c. t.v. To pull iipiirt; to separate by 
pulling; to pull off, as a branch. 

HiKi-HAiti,-RU (coll. liippari) b ^ ^ *- >Jl ?& 
t.v. To pull; to stretch; to make taut, 
make tense. 

HIKI-HASAMI,-MD (coll. hi'ppaxdini) b : V^U"A 
fj\ $t t.v. To take up anything with two 
>ticks; to place between two things. 

UIKI-HATAKE.-RU (coll. hipp.itake) b * ^ * * >u 
ijj {*] t.v. To pull open or apart, as the 
eyelids, mouth, etc. 

HIKI-HATAKI,-KU (coll. Jrippatdki) b ^ ^ # 9 
?j\ pp t.v. To beat, as in dusting a mat. 

HIKI-HAZUSHI,-SU (coll. liippazusld) to^^y-** 
9j\ 44- t.v. To pull out of its place, or from 
its fastenings, as a door or screen. 

HIKII,-KI-KU-SHI b * 4 $; adj. Low; i.q. 
liikui. 

HIKII,-RD b ^ ft *- 2^. t.v. To lead, com- 
mand, head, conduct; to bring: gunzei wo 
hikiite teki no shiro wo semeru, to lead an 
army and attack an enemy's castle. 

HIKIIKE,-RD to*J vx*> %\ \ t.v. To pull 
in ; to lead in ; seduce ; entice ; persuade to 
enter. 

HIKI-IRO b * A P 9. I & n - Appearance of 
retreating ; to look like giving away or with- 
drawing : gunzei ga ni naru. 
MAKE-IRO. 

tHiKMiBoi.-ou b^s?P7 t.v. To drag along 
the ground ; to haul. 

IIIKIZDRU. 

IIiKi-KABURi,-iiD (coll. Jdkkabnri) b^^T7*^ 
^1 ?x t.v. To draw anything over the 

HIKIKAK b % # A. n. Exchange. 

HlKI-KAE.-RU b^*^H- JJI 4f- t.V. To 6X- 

change ; to turn back ; to be contrary to: sore 
ni Jiikiknete, on the contrary. 

iir,-su (coll. hikkneshi) b ^ * ^ ^ 

fj\ 1^ t.v. To draw or pull back; to turn 

over ; to lead back ; to retract, withdraw ; 

to go back, retrace. 

HIKI KA/.I: b * ij -t/ %] JS. n. A cold, catarrh : 

i cold. 

... liikk,i;itki) &%?]*/? 
,; t.v. To throw over the head. 

b ^ is adj. i.v. hiknki. 

KOMI.-MO b * n A rj| ix t.v. To 

draw into ; t< r entice to 

to draw in, contract ; t '.<' ; to 

ss ; to be (.-online. 1, as to 

to + 3 ^ n, ^| fj| i 

. t' Ifi" h> u^e. Khtit up, itnn. 

(coll. liil;k*hi) b ^ 3 ^ fj\ 3$ 

Uroni 

e to another; to change onu's resi- 
MA. 
Sjn. ITEM 80BU, TEKTAKU BUBU. 



^ u. A sliding 

*' ^|3^ t.V. To 

; to assemble. 

n. A scroll-saw; 



HIEI-KOTO b ^ n h ^| '-ft. n. A quotation, 
citation : ni dnmi ; wo sum. 

HlKI-EUDAKI,-KU b * 9 jt 9 ?j\ f$ t.V. To 

break, or grind to pieces. 

HIKI-KUMI.-MU (coll. liikkumi) b $ 9 A ^| fl 
i.v. To be clasped together (as wrestlers;. 

HlKI-KURABE.-RD b * * 7 -< ^ ^| tb t.V. To 

compare. 

HIKI-MADO b ^ v i? ^ 
window in the roof. 

HlKI-MATOME,-RU b^^'hj* 

collect in a pile ; to gather 
HIKI-MAWASHI b^v>\y 

leading about a criminal before execution. 
HIKI-MAWASHI.-SU b^-r^N^. ^| ?o/ t.v. To 

lead about ; to pull tiround ; to employ or 

order about : zai-niu wo slio-sho ye . 
HIKI-ME b ^ * & Q n. An arrow with a 

perforated head ; a kind of conjuration by 

means of a bow and arrow, for the purpose of 

nullifying evil influences: nojutsu. 
HIEI-MI.-BU b * 5 *- ?| JL t.v. To try, 

prove, tempt : hito no ki wo . 
HIKI-MODOSHI,-SD b ^ ^ F" ^ ^| ^ t.v. To 

lead, draw, or pull back. 
HIKI-MOGI,-GU b * ^ / t.v. To twist off; 

to wrench off. 
HIKI-MONO b * ^ ) fj\ fy) u. Articles turned in 

a lathe ; a dessert of fruit, or confectionery, 

or articles brought on the table merely for 

show. 

HlKI-MUEE,-RO b^A^^V f}\ fa t.V. To pull 

iii front of, pull opposite to. 

HlKI-MUSHIRI,-RU b ^ A */ A* ^| ftj t.V. 

pluck off, as grass, without eradicating. 
HIKI-MUSUBI b ^ A x b* n. A bow-knot. 

HlKI-MU8DBI,-BU b * A ^ 7* >=f|# t.V. 

draw and tic in a knot. 

HlKI-NARA8HI,-SU b ^ * 7 X. $jl ? 

twang, or play, as on a guitar; 
level, make even. 

HlKI-XOBASHI,-SD b % J /^ 

and lengthen ; to stretch. 

HlKI-NOBE,-RU b * ) ^ 

lengthen by pulling ; to stretch. 

HlKI-NOEE.-RD bt^^**- *J\ ll? t.V. To pull 

to one side, or out of the way ; to pull from 
amongst others ; to subtract. 
HIKI N-OKOHI b * ) a 9 >J( ?^ n. The balance 
of an account ; the remainder, after deducting 
a p.ii t. 

HIM M-KI.-ED b > X 9 >f| fa t.v. To pull 
up by tho roots; to extract, eradicate ; to pick 
out, ft 

Hi KIN-/OKU b * y "/ 9 
illic. 
ii b > 7 b* A narrow belt. 

* * b 9| JJ n. A debt, obligation, 
or liability inrurn-.l in trado ; defalcation: 

h.ive incline. 1 Ji il<'lit. 

ir.-su b*ta^ 9| ^ i.v. To pull 
MM. i .ni up: to raiKO up. 

HIKI -i.i:.. sin, -gu b * t n X, 9| Jfp t.v. To 
h-l|> down ; to pull or drag down from a high 



t.V. 



To 



To 
To 

to 



?)\ Q t.V. To pull 
?)\ ?i t.V. TO 



HIK 



158 



HIK 



HIKI-OTOSHI,-SU b 3- :t * * r/I y t.v. To pull 
down; pull off BO as to full; to remove confec- 
tionery from the table after au entertainment ; 
Jf Kit to subtract. 

J-HIKIHI b 3 1 9 n. Rice cake ; dry sticks, by 
the rnpid friction of which fire is kindled. 

HIKI SABAKI.-KU (coll. Jussabaki) b % U* '* 9 
?,\ $i] t.v. To pull and tear. 

HIKI-SAGARI.-RU b * ^ *' A- ^|'f i.v. To be 
pulled down ; to be abased, humbled. 

HIKI-SAGE,-RU (coll. liissuge) b^lf^A- %\ $. 
i.v. To fall in price. 

HIICI-SAKI.-KU b ^ If 9 ?j\ %& t.v. To tear, 
rend. 

HIKI-SIIIBART,-RU (coll. liitchibari) b^S^sA. 
ij\ $| To tie, bind, as a criminal. 

HlKl-SHlBORI,-RU b $ i' 7}' A- ?]\ i$. t.V. To 

draw, as a bow. 

HIKISUIO b * a' * */| -^ Ebb-tide. 
HIKI-SHIRAI,-AU b t a' o 7 i.v. To be long, 

protracted, delayed, lingering, slow : zenkictti 

to tnictemo tokaku Jtiki-shiniu, although I am 

convalescing it is very slow. 

Syil. HAXADORANU. 
HlKI-SHIRIZOKI,-KU b $ I* 9 7' 9 JJ| 3& i-V. 

To retreat, retire, withdraw, leave. 
HIKI-SOE,-RU bt-y^A- ij\ ;, t.v. To draw 

near, bring close, hold close to. 
HIKI-SUMASUI.-SU b ^r ** ~* ** t.v. To play 

skillfully on the harp. 
HIKI-TAGAETE b ^ 2 if ^ f adv. On the 

contrary ; on the other hand. 

Syn. KAETTE. 
HIKI-TAOSHI.-SU b ^ ft 7 *. ?j\ j? 1 ] t.v. To pull 

over anything standing ; to pull down. 

HlKI-TATE,-RU b**7-A- fj\ 5 t.V. To pull 

up ; to pull and make erect ; to favor ; to 
promote; to excite, rouse: ynhl u-o . 

HlKI-TAWAME,-RU b = H V * A* ?)\ ^ t.V. To 

pull and bend down, as the branch of a tree. 
HIICITE b t- 7' ?j\ ^r n. A knob ; a catch in a 
screen to open and shut it by. 

HlKI-TODOME,-RU b A" h I* * A- ?)\ \S t.V. To 

pull and stop; to detain; to stay, withhold. 

HIKI-TOME.-RU b % } * A- ?j\ r Oj t.v. Same 
as hiki-iodomeru. 

HIKI-TOUI,-RU b ^ Y A- fj] JK. t.v. To take or 
bring away; to take back ; to remove ; to with- 
draw ; to draw, as money from a bank ; to 
become skillful in playing upon the harp : 
iki ico , to expire. 

HIKI-TORI-NIS b $ } 9 -^ f n A buyer ; a 
receiver of goods ; a person who receives the 
corpse of one executed and buries it. 

HIKI-TORI-YADO b $ 1 9 *Y f ii. A commis- 
sion merchant. 

HIKI-TSDKE.-RU b * V p n- fj\ ^' t.v. Todraw 
close to ; to have a fit ; to be convulsed ; to 
faint. 

HlKl-TSUKUROI,-OU b^^^R? ^|$| t.V. 

To pull and adjust one's clothes ; to mend. 
HIKI-TSUME,-RU b ^ y * A. ^| * t.v. To 
draw and tighten, as anything slack ; to 
contract ; to straiten : yumi ico , to draw a 
bow to its full extent. 



HlKI-TSDRE.-RU b * ? ^ A* ? } \ J& t.V. To 

lead ; to take along with ; to take in company. 

HIKI-TSURI.-RU b ^ y ^ $*] ^ l - v - ^ ^ e 
cramped, contracted, drawn together, as iu 
cramp: yakedo no ato ga hikitsntte oni, the 
cicatrice of the burn is contracted. 

HIKI-TSUZUKI,-KU b ^ y 7* 9 ?j\ $% i-V. 
To continue a length of time ; to succeed in a 
long series ; to be long continued. 

HIKI-UKE.-RU b * # >T *- *>! ^ i-v. To engage; 
to undertake ; to contract ; to be responsible 
for ; to take, receive : mi no ue ni , to take 
upon one's self. 

HIKI-UMA b * # v n. A horse led in a proces- 
sion for ornament, not for use. 

HIKI-USU b ^ \> ^. tft. J%& n. A mill stone. 

HIKI-WAKE.-RO b^v^^ ?j] fr t.v. To pull 
apart, separate, as two men fighting ; to part. 

HIKI-WARI.-RU b * V *- tft ^>J t.v. To saw 
in two. 

HIKI-WAKI b * 7 9 t^^' 1 ) n - A kind of 
coarsely ground barley ; cracked wheat. 

HIKI-WATASHI,-SU b % V 9 * ?!$[ t.v. To 
pass over, hand over, deliver up. 

HlKI-YABURI.-AU b^"Y7'A- ^| ffc t.V. To 

pull and tear. 

HiKiRAK'l} 13 *- ad J' Low; not high or tall. 
HIKI-YARI.-BU b % -V A- t.v. To draw to one 

side (as a curtain) ; to tear up (as a letter) : 

knya hikiyarite int, to draw the mosquito net 

and enter. 
HIKIYOMOGI b * 3 ^ a? n. The name of a 

plant; wormwood; Siphonostegia chinensis. 

HlKI-YOSE.-RD b ^ 3 ^2 * ?j\ ^ t.V. To pull, 

or lead near ; to draw near, approach. 
HIKIYURU b ^ $ A' ^1 (same as hikiiru) To 

lead, command, conduct : gunzei wo , to 

lead an army. 
HIKI-ZUMI b ^ - \ n. Sealing by an ink 

mark ; blackening : sum. 
HIKI-ZDRI b $ T( 9 n. A slattern; an idle, 

lazy woman. 
HIKI-ZURI.-RU b * - ** J^| 1% t.v. To drag 

along the ground ; to pull or haul along, as 

something heavy. 
HIKIZDRI-KOMI,-MU b $ ?C 9 3 A t.v. To drag 

into ; to allure, entice, draw or attract ; 

ensnare ; to take by stealth ; to steal. 
HIKKA b y -n lj $d n. A pen-rest, pen-rack. 
HIKKAGAMI b 7 * if S Hi n - The hollow 

behind the knee, popliteal space. 
HIKKAKAE.-RU (hikikalcae) b ^ U * ~* A- ^| fe 

t.v. (coll.) To take, embrace, or carry in or 

under the arm : hon tco ivaki ni . 
HIKKAKARI,-RD (hiki-kakari) b ^ ^ * A- fj\ ffi 

i.v. (coll.) To be caught, hooked, hitched, or 

entangled in anything: sakana ga hari ni . 
HIKKAKE.-RU (liiki-kake) b ^ * jr A- ^J ^j. t.v. 

(coll.) To hitch, hook, catch, or fasten on to 

anything. 
HIKKARAGE,-RU (hikikarage) t % jj 7 f A> t.v. 

(coll.) To bind, as a bundle. 
HIKKATSUGI,-GU (hikikattugi) b ? % y 

t.v. (coll.) Same as katsugi. 



HIK 



159 



imr 



HIKKI b y % ij $2. n. A journal, note-book ; 

a note or memorandum : suru, to take 

notes. 
HIKKO b y Jj # $ j$ (fude de taguyasu) n. 

Making a business of copying, or living by 

writing: hikko-kaki, a copyist. 
HIKKOKASHI.-SU b?32;:*. fj\ $$ t.v. (coll.) 

To pull over; to pull down anything. 
HIKKOMI,-MU b y 3 A (see hikikomi) fj\ a. 

i.v. (coll.) To draw back; to be sunk m or 

hollowed ; to be confined to the house ; take 



i b ? 3 ^ $$. J& n. Eeuioving one's 
reMdence to another place. 

Syn. TENTAKU. 

HiKKUKriti,-Ku b y 9 v n- fj\ 9 t- v - (coll.) 
To bind, tie ; to choke. 

HlKKURI-KAE.-RU b 9 9 9 # ^ A- $ ft |J$ I.V. 

(coll.) To be upset, capsized, overturned, 
overset ; to turn about. 

HlKKriU-KAESHI,-RU b 5> 9 9 1l ^ *. $& f?'j '-V. 

(coll.) To upset, capsize, overset, overturn. 

HIKKYO b v * ^ # $i f adv. After all ; in 
the end; merely; only; finally; in short: 
tei to ju to wakete wa iedo, hikkyd kokoro no 
koto ja, although divided into what is called 
tei and ju, it is after all the mind only. 
Syn. SHOSEN, TSUMARI. 

HIKO b a ^ /$ n. The uvula. 

HIKH b a ^ |jj? n. Great-grandson. 

fHiKo (ban. An honorable title affixed to 

HIKOJI / the name of a man or god : as Naga- 
eune hiko no mi koto, or Umashi asliikabi 
hikoji no mikoto. 

IIiKO b 3 T> Jt $ n. i.q. hikakn. 

HIKOBAE b 3 ^N'S gl n. The sprouts which 
shoot up from the stump of a tree, or after 
grain has been cut. 

HIKO-BOSUI b 3 tf i' ^ J?. n. The name of 
two stars (Aquila) near the milky way, wor- 
shipped on the 7th day of the 7th month (o.c.) ; 
herd boy. Syn. RKNUYT, INUKAIBOSHI. 

:'"?} =* * '*.. 

i:u b =i 9 fjfc $- (leg.) n. The defend- 
ant; the accused : nin, id. 
tlliKosiiKo b 3 5 ^ u. A male child (of a 
god or of the Ten*hi). 

:.-KI KIII b 9 4 &. or fa adj. Low; not 

h : tei ga , short in stature ; k oe ijn , 
voice is low; ynku >i'i, low in ollicc ; 
inn, a low hill; hikni hi, a low tree. 

M-OKI b 9 b h* y n. (lit. ihi'-euting bird) 
The cosBOwary, Casu;u ius impious. 

KG or HIKO b 9 9 /"' //" 

' /, the hun i low ; Into ni tl<'rn. t. 
a low place before others; turn 
low. 

MKKI.-KU b 9 * 9 i.v. (coll.) To jerk, 
twitch, or Rtnrt. as in sl< 

i b 9 9 \s ii. Passing the time; 
::dii)K the duv ; tlit- v.hole day. 

"IT ^ n. The lowneas, shortness ; 
the height, as of stature. 



HIKUTSD b 9 y $~ J& adj. Slavish; menial; 
servile ; mean. 

Syn. HIUETSU, IYASHH. 

HIKWAN b 9 v ^ $L < I (of an official 
speaking humbly of himself). 

HI-KYAKU b \- V 9 ^\ %ty n. A postman, 
courier. 

HI-KYO b ^ -V 4i fefe Craven-hearted; 
cowardly ; weak-hearted : timid: na yatsu, 
a cowardly fellu\v. 

Syn. OKUBYO, KOSHINT-KE. 

HI-KYOKU b ^ a 9 fX,' illj n - Secret art, or 
accomplishment (only said of music). 

HIMA b v p$, or fu] n. An interval or space 
between things; spare, unoccupied or unem- 
ployed time ; leisure ; time ; opportunity ; 
occasion ; pretext ; cause of quarrel ; breach of 
friendship; discord: ga ?/<//', have no time, 
no leisure ; ga Icakunt. takes time; hiina 
kani haze ga tdsu, the wind blows through the 
crack ; hiina na toki, a time of leisure; hima 
na Idto, a man out of employment, or who has 
not much to do; hima no aki sliidai yuki- 
mashu, I will go as soon as I have time ; hima 
wo dasu, to dismiss (as a servant); hima wo 
7/arH, id.; ico ncgau, or wo ko, to ask for 
dismission (from employment) ; u-o mornu, 
to get a dismission ; wo oshimu, to grudge 
the time ; wo nusumn, to steal time ; 
wo ukagan, to watch for an opportunity; 
ga int, to require time ; wo tsuiyasu, to 
waste time ; no koma (time's horse), the 
flight of time ; wo /CM, to take time. 
Syn. SUKI, ITOMA, SUKIMA, AIDA. 

HIMA b v fa n. The Castor-oil plant ; 
Eiciuus communis. 

HIMACHI b -r f- tj f^r n. The worship of the 
rising sun. 

HIMADORI,-RU b * ^ ** P^ % J^ i.v. To take 
time, be slow, tardy, dilatory, late ; to delay : 
inichi tic liinutdotte osoku kita, by delaying on 
the way he was late in arriving. 
Syn. TEMA wo Tonu, HIMA-IRU. 

HIMA-IRI.-RU b v ^ n- ff X i-v. To take time ; 
to require time in doing anything. 

HIMA-KUI b -* 9 b n. Consuming or wasting 
time; taking timo. 

HIMAN tv is KciS5 adj. Corpulent; fat: na 
Itito : num. 

HIM\MII b v i' & JfiR ^r n * Castor bean: 

no alttir.i. castiT oil. 

ni u s ^ Ji. Kfj>t too long; not f. 
(of fish, 11. sh, etc.): kono $akana ica da, 
this iMi is not fresh, 

Syn. HKIAUAI. 

Hi -MAsiii M bv>^ U i$ adv. Daily more 
and more; nirii-siMiig day by day: ambai 

'i.n IKII n, he is gettin ,.iv. 

HI-MAWAUI b T ^ 9 I^Q^t 11 - Thc Bun ' 
llower. 

K NI b-t-l/^. adv. Every other day; 

.itrinaU: ilayn. 
Syil. I' HI M. Ill OKI M, KAKO-JIT8U. 

HIMBO b V # ijb '-JK (mt$n o$n) Male and 
fi-malo; the sex: HJ/II no ; wo mi-wakeru. 



HIM 



160 



HIN 



HIME b * $t] n. A princess, lady (used of the 

daughter of a noble : applied to plants signifies 

small or delicate) : o suina. 
HIME,-RU b * ^ $jt t.v. To hide, conceal ; to 

keep private : hime-okn, to hide away. 

Syu. IIISURU, KAKUSU. 

IIiMEBAcni b ^ >**}- n. The Ichneumon fly. 
HIME-GAKI b * 1! 3r -%C tfa n - A parapet, 

battlement. 

HIMEGIMI b j* S $ ^T H. A princess. 
HIMEGOTO b * 3 \> $jt ^ n. A secret. 

Syn. HIJI. 

HIMEGURUMI b * '/ H. S n. Walnut. 
HIMEHAGI fa* '^11. The Milkweed, Polygala 

japonica. 

HIMK-IIAJIME b > ^ I? * u. The first needle- 
work of a new year. 
HI-MEI b ^ ^ 3k v& (temme ni arazu) Not 

according lo the usual course of nature; un- 
natural; accidental; violent: no shi wo 

nasn, to die an unnatural death. 

Syn. osm. 
HIMEI b * 4 $ $, n. An inscription on a 

monument. 
HIMEJI b ^ *? f n. A fish of the Mullus genus, 

the surmullet. 

IHiMEKAUuuA b-*#7*:7 n. A grooved arrow- 
. head. 
IIiMEKuzu b * 9 / n. A species of gram, or 

bean. 
HIMEMATSU b ^ ~* y n. A species of pine, of 

a slender or delicate leaf. 
HIMEMIKO b * ? n n. The daughter of the 

Emperor, a princess. 
HIMEMIYA b jt 5 -V il fT n - A princess (only 

applied to the daughter of the Mikado). 
HIMEMOSU b * =B * # fl adv. The whole 

day. 

Syn. SHUJITSU. 
HIMENORI b * ) 9 2}t ^ n. A paste or starch 

made of rice flour. 
HIMEOKI.-KU b * J 9 t.v. To conceal, hide, 

secrete. 

Syn. KAKUSU. 
HIMETSUBAKI b * y s* $ n. The wax tree, 

same as mocJii. 

HIMEUKI b .* # 9 $1 J&. n. A kind of melon. 
HIMEYURI b * a. v Jjgr ^ >. n . A species of 

lily, the Lilium callosum. 
HIME-ZUTA b > y y n. A kind of vine. 
HIMITSU b ? y jRt 1 ^ n. A secret, mystery: 

\co in, to tell a secret ; wo uruwasu,to 

reveal a secret. 
HIMIZU b 5 ft ^ JL n. The ground rat ; 

a species of shrew, or sorex. 

Syn. JINEZUMI. 

t HIMIZU b ? / n. Ice-water. 
HIMIZU-OKE b $ / ^- ->- ^ 7 j<. ^ n . A brew- 
er's vat. 
HIMMIN b v ^ v -g- ft n. Poor people ; the 

poor ; the indigent. 
HIMO b % $s n. A cord, braid, ribbon : wo 

intisiiuit ; icn toku. 
HI-MOCHI b ^ f- X 1% n. Lasting in the fire ; 

standing the fire ; not quickly consumed : 



Itono snmi wa ga ii, this charcoal does not 
burn away rapidly ; ga warui, very com- 
bustible. 

HIMODE b ^ # T ft tu ri. Daily visiting the 
temples for devotion : uo sum. 
Syn. NISSAN. 

HIMO-GATANA b ^ if 9 ^ u. A dirk, dagger, 
stiletto. 

HIMOJII,-KI-KU-SHI \z =f$ 4 adjj Hungry : 
garn, to be hungry ; hiniojikn nai, not hungry. 

Syn. HTDARUI, UEKU, HARA GA HERU. 

HIMOJISA b ^ 3? U* n. The state or degree of 
hunger. 

HI-MOKAGAMI b ^ * if S fc iSJ ^ n> Ice uset ^ 
as a mirror. 

HIMO-KAGAMI b * * ** 5 5fa $ n - A . sma11 
metal mirror having a cord attached to it. 

HIMOKUGYO b ^ 9 * 3 tfc $, (same as 
Jiirame) n. The sole fish. 

HIMO-MUSHI b ^ A ^ n. A kind of earth- 
worm. 

HIMON b ^ v $$t 5t n. A secret sentence 
used by conjurers ; a charm ; an incantation: 
tro tonaete ame wofuraseru, to use incanta- 
tions and bring rain. 

HIMONO b ^ ) -f- $7 n. Dried fish. 

HIMONO b ^ ) ffi W0 n> Articles made of 
the hinuki, such as pill-boxes, small plain 
boxes, etc. 

HIMONOSIII b * ) ^ tt ^ #fl n ' The maker 
of articles made of the hinoki. 

HIMOROGI b ^ P ^ I . Flesh offered in 
sacrifice to the gods ; a hedge of hinoki 
around a iniya. 

HIMOSASHI,-SU b ^6 If ^ t.v. To cord : haori 
wo , to tie the cord of a coat. 

HIMOTO b ^ ) X TO n. The place where 
fire is used, or where a conflagration com- 
mences. 

HIMOTSU b * y $ fy) (katsnge mono) n. A 
reward, present. 
Syn. HOHI. 

HIMPU b ^ ? *$'& (mazushiki tomeru) Rich 
and poor. 

HIMPYU bVh'-V^ xmf? *uru t to criticise 
the quality or grade of articles : shina-mono 
wo sum. 

HIMURO b A TJ $. ^ n. An ice-house. 

Hmusni b A ^ n. The fire-fly ; i.q. hotaru. 

HIN b v ^ (mazushii) Poor ; poverty : 
J'/N, a poor man; ni semaru, to be strait- 
ened with poverty ; sureba don sum, when 
a man becomes poor he becomes stupid ; 
sum toki wvi ntimntii ico sum (prov.), poverty 
leads to theft ; no nusnmi, a theft instigated 
by poverty. 

HIN b v ^ (hin<i) n. Kind; sort; quality: 
jn-hin, superior quality; (jc-hin, inferior qual- 
ity; no yoi Into, a fine looking man. 

Syn. KURAI, GARA. 

HIN A, or HIINA b -t- $ n. A chickon, young 
bird ; small images, or toys set out on tho 
festival of the 3rd day of the 3rd month (o.c.), 
called hina no tekku, or hina no matsiin: 
dori, a young bird. 



HIN 



161 



HIN 



HINA b * SjJJ (niafca) n. The country ; rural ; 

rustic : buri, rustic. 
HINABI.-RU b -* i; >t- fjfl i.v. To be countrified, 

rustic, clownish, awkward. 

Sjll. INAKAMEKU, IYASHII. 

HINABITO b -h b* > is? A (innkamono) n. A 

countryman, villager; a rustic. 
HINABUUI b * 7* 9 n. Country fashion, or 

style; clownish. 

EINAE.-RU b-J-^A- $ if i-v. To be wilted 
by the heat of the sun ; to be flaccid by dry- 
ing (as a fresh leaf). 

Syn. SHINABIRU. 

HINAGATA b-h-tf* $f! 7J2 n. A plan, design, 
a form of a writing, copy ; 
it HO wo hiku, to draw a 



model ; a table ; 
an emblem, type 
plan of a house. 
4IIiNAGCMORi b-^ 
b + -ft 



/^9 n. Cloudy weather. 
EJ ^ During the day ; in 
day-light, day-time, noon : hiru hinaka, id. 

IIIRU, HAKUCHC. 

HINAMI b -h S U ai> Daily ; every day ; day 
after day ; ordinarily: ni kin ju ryo zutsu 
wo ete tsuki ni iknra, if a person gains ten 
ryu a day, how much will he gain in a 
month 7 

Syn. NICHI-NICHI, MAI-NICHI. 

HINAN \i -}- */ 3 H n. Speaking evil of ; 

censure; fault-finding: suru, to criticise, 

censure ; wo iu. 

Syn. HIHAN, SOSHIRI. 
HINASHI b * i> Q '{$ n. Money borrowed to 

be repaid with interest by daily instalments : 

wo karii; (jane; fidxlti. 
EINATA b + 9 EJ |pj n. Sunshine ; a sunny 

place : ni iru to doku da, it is hurtful to be 

in the sun ; hinata-kusai, stinking from ex- 

posure to the sun. 

: \-BOKO, or HINATA-BOKORI b * ^ itf a 

$ fiu (coll.) Basking in the sun ; swu, 

to bask in the sun. 

i SUBOSHI b * y tf i' n. The name of a 

planet, Mars. 



n. A rope-match for a 



Syn. KWASEI. 
HIHAWA b *- 
match-lock. 

VAZUTSO b 
match-lock. 

Hnuznan b -?- ^ * $ fi| n. A young 
crane. 

si b v-f- ^ftfc n. A poor temple; poor 
oil ; barren country. 

HIXDO b * fT t ^ jf (lit. poor in tho 
way or doctrine) pron. I (used by Bud. priest). 

(furu) Old; not new or ft 
hint-gome, ol i ga de liaenu, the 

eed is old and will not germinate. 
Hw,-u b^-A- i.v. To be old; to be musty, 
withered. 

HIKI.-KU b*bT-T-H adj. Old: 



komt, old rioe. 
8yn. rnauxi. 



be prematurely old ; 
In ai'pemranco and 



3tr*- i.v. (mil.) To 
t<. be young, uml 



HINEKURI,-RU b ^ x ^ t.v. (coll.) To twist, 
or roll in the fingers ; to turn ; to screw : kujo 
wo , to use high-flown language. 

HlNEKURI-MAWASHI,-SU H & ? V *'**> fe^C 

t.v. (coll.) To twirl in the fingers ; to play 

with, or turn about in the hands. 
HINEMOSD b ^ qfc *> $$, g adv. Same as 

liimemosu. 
HINERI b ^ 9 n. A present of money twisted 

up in a scrap of paper : o hincri wo morau. 
HINERI.-RU b ^ fr jfe t.v. To twist, or roll in 

the fingers; to screw, turn ; to knead: koyori 

wo , to twist paper ; nomi wo , to roll a 

flea (in the fingers) ; mi wo , to twist the 

body around ; hineri-te, one who uses difficult 

language. 

Syn. NEJIRU. 
HINERI-BUMI b : f97*5 ^W- A note 

fastened by being twisted or folded instead of 

being sealed. 
HINEZOMI b 3* *J \ ^X l\ (lit. fire-rat) wo 

kegoromo, clothes made of asbestos ; no 

katoa-goromo, id. 

HINGASHI } tit/ if 3s n. The east; eastern; 
HIMDQASHI) i.q. higashi. 
HINICHI b A + tb B (same as hi) n. (coll.) 

Day : ni, daily. 

fHiNiGENi b^.y^ adv. Daily; i.q. higeni.* 
HINIKU b ^ 9 S. ^J n. Skin and flesh. 
HININ b v 3 /^ (hito ni arazu) One so low 

as not to be regarded as a man ; a beggar ; 

a leather dresser. Syn. ETA. 
HINKA b f U ^ %L (mazushiki ie) A poor 

family. 
HINKAKD b ^ * 9 PP ^ n. The grade, 

quality, character, rank. 

Syn. SINAOARA. 
HINKAKD b v * ^ ^ (marodo) n. A guest 

(at a feast). 

Syn. KYAKUJIN. 
HINKAKU b ^ U 9 ^ fo n. (gram.) Objective 

case. 
HINKEI bi'3 r 4 l|k 01 (mention) n. A lien : 

710 ashita suru wa kore ie no knziinirn iitiri 

(prov.), the crowing of a hen is a sign of tho 

ruin of a family. 

HINKETBO bv^? ^ & n. (med.) Anriuia. 
HINKO b v:fc$ ^ ^f n. Conduct; behavior; 

character. 

HINKON b v a v *fc n. Poverty ; indi- 
gence. 
HINKU b i/ 9 *fc $if (maziuhiki kiiruihimi) 

Poor and distressed ; poverty. 
HIXKYO b v ^ $ *fc & Poverty; indip 

want; penury : na mono; ni kuratu; 

df komnnt. 
HINNYO bvns ft-ic (mazuthiki onun) A 

poor woman : imtndo yori hinnyo no 

Htn, the one light (offered to Ibt fcfimi) of a 

poor woman is better than ten thousand 

offered by a rich runn. 

K b 7 ~? 54 " Extension of timo; 

IK nt : iro furu, to (extend the 

postpone ; wo negan, to ask for an 

cxtfutiou of time. 



n 



HIN 



162 



HItt 



HINODE b ) 5r B & n. Sunrise. 

HINOIN b } <\ ^ ^X f'V n - A kind of con - 
jnration, in which, by folding the fingers 
together in a certain way and repeating 
incantations, fire is kindled (used by yama- 
bushi), 

HINOIBI b } 4 9 HI A n. Sunset. 

HINOKI b } * |f n. A species of pine, the 
Thuya obtusa. 

HINOKO b } a ^X.%fr n - Sparks or flakes of 
fire : go, tobu. 

HINOKOROMO b y =J n * $) ;fc n. A crimson 
garment. 

fHiNOKoio b } a > n. A fire, conflagration. 
Syn. KWAJI. 

HINOKUCHI b 7 ^ f- $| V? n. A gate for 
closing an aqueduct ; Hood-gate. 
Syn. BUIMON. 

HINOKUBUMA M ) 9 **** ^ jfi n. The car of 
fire in which the souls of the wicked are said 
to be taken to hell (Budd.) ; (met.) poverty. 

HINOMARU b ) -r fl* ft Ji, n. The Japanese 
flag of a red ball on a white ground, rep- 
resenting the sun. 

HINOME b ) * n. The sun ; the sun-light : 
mo minai, does not see the sun. 

HINOMI b } \ ik JL n - A. fire lookout. 

fHiNOMiKADO b J \ U $ n. The Imperial 
court. 

Syn. CHOTEI. 

fHiNOMiKO b } \ =t n. The son of the sun, 
the Emperor. 

J-HINOMITSUNA b } \ y -* n. i.q. shimenawa. 

HlNOMIYAGURA b ) \ "V >/ 7 ^ ^C fj D. A 

fire-tower, watch, or lookout. 

HlNOMONODACHI M } ^ } # + )>C $&> #g D. 

Abstinence from all cooked food in perfor- 
mance of a vow. 

HINOMOTO b } * > 1EJ ; n. Japan ; ^ ^ 
a fire place : go ydjin nasare, be careful of 
your fire-places. 

^HINO-OMASHI b J J v 5x n. The parlor in 
which the Emperor dwelt in the day-time. 

fHiNOSAWAoi b } y V *? n. A fire, conflagra- 
tion. 

HINOSHI b ) x ft ^r n< A smoothing iron : 
wo kakeru, to iron clothes. 

HINOSHITA b ) i'^ EJ "f 11. The empire, 
whole country : kai-san, the champion (in 
any kind of contest). 

HINOTAMA b ) Z -r n. Jack with the lantern ; 
ignis-fatuus. 

HINOTE b ) 7* ^C ^ n. The flame of a con- 
flagration : ga agaru. 

HINOTO b ) > T n - One of the ten calendar 
signs, used in designating years, mouths, 
days, hours, points of compass, etc. 

HINOYE b } Jt ^f n. One of the ten signs (see 
hinoto). 

HINOZO &;< JJH^.n. The spleen. 

HINRUI b * *> 4 $,$% n. Class ; kind of 
article. 

HINSEKI bviz^ ^ J^: snrn, to dismiss, 
expel, or turn out of office ; to slight, disregard ; 
to treat slightingly. 



HINSEN b 2^-b v ^ | (mazushiki. iyashii) 

Poor and mean ; low in rank. 
HIN-SHU b v i/3. ^ i (kyaku to arnji) n. 

Guest and host. 

HINSO b v ^ $" ^ n. Poor in appearance. 
HI-NYAKU b^A'^ -l^l^ Weak; feeble; not 

strong in body. 
Syn. JOJAKU. 
HI-OBA h 7 >t fi ^Sl ^ n. Grandfather's 

sister ; grand-aunt. 
HI-ODOSHI b % b* ax $) ^ n. Sewed together 

by red thread, aa armor, the plates of which 

are bound together by red thread. 
HIODOSHI b * h* Sx n. A species of butterfly. 
HI-OGI b J 7 *? ffi ffi n. A fan made of the 

hinold. 
Hi 601 b T 7 ^ &J ^ n- The Pardanthus 

sinensis. 

HI-OI b^Jtb tj^n. A sun screen, awning. 
HI-OKORI b ^ 3 9 BJ ^ n. A quotidian a^uo. 
HIOMDSHI b J A 5^ n. A fly that lives one 

day only ; day-fly ; ephemera. 
HIPPAKU b ? /N 9 iH i^. n. Destitution ; want; 

scarcity : awo /*//o tea noydxn da, he appears 

to be very destitute ; kome ga da, the rice 

is out ; ito ga ni naita, silk has become 

very scarce. 

Syn. SASHITSDMARU, HINKYU, BIMBO. 

HIPPARI b 7 ^ 9 u. A harlot who stands at 

the door and invites guests. 
HIPPARI,-BU byXH- S (. hikihari. 
HIPPASAMI.-MU b^^>1^A ^|^ t.v. The 

same as hasami. 
HIPPATAKI.-KD \iy^99 ^1 J$ t.v. The 

same as hataki. 
HIPPAZDSHI.-SU b 1 ^^^'/^ 51 ^'J t<v - ( C U-) 

To dodge, to avoid by a suddun movement ; to 

escape by starting aside. 
HIPPO b?/*# 1^ vi n - The rules of pen- 

manship ; mode of writing or forming char- 
acters : ga yoi ; ga wand. 

Syn. FUDE NO TSUKAI-KATA. 

HIPPO b y 7* & -^ n. Common people ; a per- 
son of low rank or station : no yu t brute 
courage, as distinguished from yn. 

HIRA b7 n. Flat; level; plain; common; 
surface; the leaf of a book : te 110 hira, the 
palm of the hand; hira-samnrai, common 
soldier ; katana no , the flat of a sword ; 
hira ucki ni sum, to strike with tho l!:it 
of the sword ; san no hira, the third leaf of a 
book ; hira ichimen, the whole, universal ; 
omote no , the front surface ; nra no , the 
inside ; yuki no , a flake of snow. 

HIRA b 7 n. A lacquered bowl with a cover. 

HLRABARI b7->\9 ] n. A lancet : wo 
.SV/.SH, to lance. 

HIRA-BITO b 7 if ) p- A (heinin) n. A 
common person. 
Syn. TADABITO. 

HIBA-CHI b 7 f- *f- Mfe (heichi) n. Level 
ground ; flat country. 

HIRADA b 7 # ft? A flat-boat. 

HIRAOAMA b 7 *' -r ip. f n. A kind of open 
flat pot for cooking ; a puu. 



HIR 



163 



HIR 



n. A metal drum. 
HIRAGI b 7 *r $i u. The Ilex, or holly. 

HlHA-HIRA-TO b 7 b 7 h >j" >1~ a<*V. Wit a 

broad, wavy, or undulating motion: cho ga 
tobn, the butterfly flies with a wavy motion 

HIRAICUU b 7 >f ? j HI" & (mi-t/ofo 
bttshiru) n. A lightning rod. 

EIRAISHIN bT'^fa'Vig'l^fn. A lightning 

fHiRAKA b 5 * n. A shallow dish. 

HIHAKANA b 7 * ^ * fj* The grass 

characters used to represent the 47 Japanese 

syllables. 

KE,-RD \zytrfi' ffl i.v. To be open, 
unfolded ; to be civilized, enlightened : ame- 
tauchi hirahcle kura, from the beginning of 

ition ; hana ga , the flower opens ; yoku 
hirakftii kuni da, a highly civilized country; 
iintnf ga , to be relieved of gloom or despon- 

icy. 

HIUAKI' b 7 * n. The opening, beginning, 
blooming ; a door : mi*-birahi wo suru, to 
open a new store ; hint hi \co ahete miyo, open 
the door and look ; hiraki wo noru, to sail 
close to the wind ; Jtana no ga hayai, the 

\ ers bloom early ; ni turu, to close (as 

entertainment). 

IIniAKi,-KU b 7 9 ffl t.v. or i.v. To open; to 
unclose, unseal, uncover, unfold, spread out ; 

iegin ; to explain; to reveal ; to clear from 
obstruction : to, hon, me, te, futokoro, tegami 

'> wo , to open a door, book, the eye, 
hand, bosom, or a letter; michi wo , to open 
a road ; mise wo , to open a shop, to set up 

p; hata wo , to clear land, lay out new 
fields ; dari wo , to explain the reason ; tera 

, to vacate or leave the charge of a 
temple ; $eki wo , to open a meeting ; fune 
ga iica iro hiraite hathiru, the ship gives the 
rock a wide berth ; hana ga hiraita, the flower 
lias opened ; wit wo , to dodge or move aside. 

'.. AKKRIT, AKC. 

icroo b 7 % h* Jf ^ n * A door which 
opens on liii. 

i b 5 9 + n. A viper. 
8yn. MAMtJsm. 

:DOE b 7 9 *f f- <fc n. A common kugc 
or noble; one net of lii^li rank. 

IK b 5 > \t $. n - The plaice. 
HiiuuE.-hu b 7 > ^ S, t.v. To make flat, 
flatten : moclti wo . 

:P.KABHI,-KU b 9 * * * PJ t.v. To 
wave, brandish, flourish, flash, glisten : katu- 
*a wo , to brandish a aword ; hata wo , 
to wave a flag. 

MKI.-KU b 9 > 9 W i.v. To wave, 

ttilate; to flash, glisten, glitter: hata ga 

flng waves ; inazuma ga , the light- 

n *? \ n. Flat in shape ; flattUh : 
wo tntkrru, to flatten. 

i.-vn b7A i.v. To be flat in shape : 

//, the bread i- flat. 
: ^ ^ /f- adv. (coll.) Earnestly ; im- 
portunately ; urgently; preasiugly : ncyau, 



to earnestly implore ; fusu, to bow humbly; 

tanomu, to ask urgently, 

SyU. HITASUBA-NI. 

HIRA-OSHI-NI b 7 * 2^ => ^ 14 adv. (coll.) 
Violently ; forcibly. 

Syn. MDRI-NI, SHIITE. 

HIRARI-KURURI TO b 7 9 ^ ^ 9 > ^ $$ adv. 
(coll.) Turning and brandishing ; a flashing, 
glittering appearance: katana wo mawa^ 
sJiite teki ni kakatta, brandishing his sword 
rapidly, he fell upon the enemy. 

HIRARI-TO b 7 V h p^ adv. In a quick, 
nimble manner, like the flutter or turn of a 
leaf ; like a flash : mi wo kaioavhi, quickly 
to turn the body ; nimbly to dodge ; nma t/ori 

tobi-oriru, to jump nimbly from off a horse. 

fHlRATABDNE b 7 9 ?' 3- n. A flat. 

HIRATA-GUMO b^^/^^^lu. A kind of 
spider. 

HlRATTAI,-KI-KU-SHI b ^ ? $ 4 ^ ndj. 

(coll.) Flat: islii, a flat stone ; hirnttalut 
naru, to become flat ; hirattaku sum, to 
flatten. 

HIRATTASA b 7 7 ^r ^ n. Flatness. 

HIRAUCHI-NO-HIMO b7^f-^b^ ef. ft $ n. 
Flat-braid. 

HIRAYA b 7 V *f- O. n. A one-storied house ; 
a low or flat house. 

HIRAZUME b 7 !/ ^ n. Always on duty : 
no mi de mairarenai. 

HIRE b v ^t^l n. The fins of a fish ; orna- 
ments like the fins of a fish anciently worn 
by ladies on the shoulders : se-bire, the dorsal 
fins ; fuka no , shark's fins. 

HIRE-FURI.-RU b v7 >^ t.v. To wave the wide 
sleeve : sode wo hirefutte maneku, to beckon 
by waving the sleeve. 

HIHE-FUSHI.-SD bv7>^ qi <j i.v. To bow 
low with the face to the earth ; to prostrate 
one's self : gozen ni hire-fushite aisatsn guru, 
bowing down low before the prince saluted 
him. 

Syn. HKIFUKU StTRU. 

HIREI b i" 4 3fc ?l n- Impolite ; ill-man- 
nered ; rude ; contrary to etiquette, or usage: 
knmi wa tco ukczu, a kami will not acct|>t 
things not offered according to usage. 

Syn. BUREI, 8HIT8U-REI. 

HIRKI bvx^f fc P 1 ] (mat.) n. Riitio; propor- 
tion : $ei , direct ratio ; ten , inverse 
ratio. 

HIBKTSU b *s 7 $L % Mean ; bapc ; vulgar ; 
low : na hito, a low-minded person. 
Syn. IYARUII. 

Him b9 ^ SL (ddri de nai) Unreasonable; 
without principle. 

HIRI.-RU b ^ $: t.v. To eject, as from the 
anus: hewn , to break wind $akana ga 
tdniiiijo ico hiri-ttiikrni. 

lln.i -HI'III b 9 b 9 adv. (coll.) With a 
smarting or burning pain: tfumu, to smart, 

boat 

i b 9 * -Jfc # (chikara n,i*hi) Without 
strength ; weak ; feeble ; without power or iu- 

llucncc. 



HIR 



164 



HIR 



HIBIN b 9 v fct $ (tonari) n. Neighbor- 
hood ; neighbors : tcntjai , the ends of the 
earth become neighbors. 

HIBIN b 9 v jfjj ^ (shiwai) Miserly ; niggard ; 
sordid ; parsimonious : na yatsu. 

HIBIOZU b y 3 # */ n. A kind of food made 
of tofu fried in oil. 

HIBI-TSUKI,-KU b >; y 9 i.v. (coll.) To smart ; 
to burn ; irritated. 

HIBO b P If. n. A fathom of about 5 feet 
English; the distance between hands when 
the arms are outstretched : hito hiro han, one 
length and a half of the outstretched arms ; 
inni no fukasa ica iku hiro tatsu, how many 
fathoms deep is the sea? nana hiro, 7 fathoms 
^35 feet. 

HIBO b P T> $? f| n. Introduction ; usher- 
ing ; publishing ; advertisement : wo sum, 
to usher, introduce; to announce; to tell, 
communicate ; to publish, make known ; to 
report to a superior : yome-iri no IPO 
sum, to conduct a bride around and introduce 
her to the neighbors ; on tsuide no migiri 
yoroshiku go hiro negai age sdro, when you 
have a convenient time please make it known 
to your superior. 

Syn. FUICHO, SHIBABB. 

HIBO b P $ -j/| f$ n. Faint, or exhausted by 
sickness. Syn. TSUKABE. 

HIBOBA b t* /? $ B< A wide, spacious 
place. 

HIBO-BIBO-TO b P b* n > JjSf $ adv. Wide ; 
spacious ; large ; roomy : shita hara, a 
wide plain. 

HIBOBUTA b P -? 9 )ff j~ n. A large tray or 
waiter. 

HIBOOABI.-BU b P if ** ffi i.v. To be open ; 
to spread out; to be wide, extend over, en- 
larged, propagated, published, diffused: hyd- 
ban ga , the report spreads. 

HIBOQE,-BU b P ft* $$ t.v. To open, spread 
out, extend, widen, unfold: hon wo , to 
open a book. 

HIBOGOBI,-BU b P =f A- i.v. i.q. hirogaru. 

HIBOI b n b n. On foot ; walking (polite) : 
o de irashai, you had better go on foot. 

HIBOI.-KI b P 4 Jf adj. Wide; broad; 
spacious ; roomy; extensive : ie, a spacious 
house : kokoro, magnanimous. 

HIBOI.-OU b P 7 ft -tfr i.v. To walk (caust. 
hirowaseru). Syn. ABUKU. 

HIBOI,-OU b P 7 'ft t.v. To pick up : tort 
ga e wo hirou, the bird picks up its food ; 
hirotte aruku, to pick one's way ; hiroi-mono 
wo suru, to pick up something which has 
been dropped. 

HlBOI-ATSUME,-RU b P b 7 5> > A- ft 31 t.V. 

To pick up and put together ; to gather into 

a pile. 
HIBOI-MONO b P b ^ } n. Anything found or 

picked up in the road : wo sono nusld ni 

kaesu. 
HIBOKU, or HiB5 b P ^ 7g adv. (see hiroi) 

sum, to widen ; to make spacious, enlarge ; 

naru, to become wide. 



HIBOMA b n * ]gi PnJ n- A large room in a 
prince's house ; a parlor. 

HIBOMAE b P v -* n. Before or in the pre- 
sence of the kami : ni haberite inoni. 

HIBOMABI,-BU b n ^ >u %1\ i.v. Spread abroad ; 
made know widely ; published ; advertised ; dis- 
seminated ; propagated : na ga , his name is 
spread abroad. 

HIBOME b P ^ fa adj. Introduction; publish- 
ing; promulgation; advertisement: yome no 
too suru, to lead a bride around and introduce 
her to the neighbors ; na-birome, a publishing, 
or advertisement of one's name. 

HIBOME b P * n. Sea-weed ; i.q. kobu. 

HIBOME, -BU b P >t A* fA t.v. To spread 
abroad, publish, make known, promulgate; to 
advertise, disseminate, propagate : hyuban wo 
, to spread a report ; buppu wo . 

HIBOMI b n > n. A large spacious place. 

HIBONIWA b R ^ ^ li $ n. A spacious yard ; 
a park. 

HIBOSHIKI b P i' * @f $c n. The female 
apartments of a noble's house ; the harem. 

HIBOWABE.-BU b P ^ v * (pass, of hiroi) To 
be picked up. 

HIBOWASE,-BU b P ^ -b A* (caust. of ^trot) To 
cause another to pick up. 

HIBOYEN bp^v^^n. A wide verandah. 

HIKU b A> H, n. Garlic. 
Syn. NINNIKU. 

HIBD b A> See hi. 

HIBU b A, $ n. A leech, blood-sucker. 

HIBU b A* ^ n. Noon ; day-time ; yoru hiru, 
day and night ; hiru no nanatsu, 4 o'clock iu 
the day (o.c.) ; hirune, sleeping in the day-time; 
him gohan, dinner ; hirutneshi, id. 

HIBUDOKI bA-j^^t^^f-n. 12 o'clock M. 

HIBUOAEBI.-BU bA-^'-x/u ffl i.v. To turn 
over and over, as a leaf or flag blown by the 
wind ; to wave ; to turn, change about : hata 
ga ; mikata ga hirugaette teki ni nutta, the 
friend has turned to be an enemy ; akunin <ia 
hirugaette zennin to natta, the bad man has 
turned to be good. 

Syn. HIKUBI-KAEBU, UBAOAEBU. 

HIBU-OAESHI,-SU b A. -ft ^ %> ^j t.v. To turn 
over, change round, shift about : yakusoku wo 
, to break a promise. 

HIBUOAO b A- u -ft ^ 3- ] n. The Ipomoea 
filicaulis. 

HIBDI b A- ^ tt |^ A match, or anything to 
compare with : iuuhi t incomparable, match- 
less. 

Syn. TAOUI. 

HIBUKE b A- jr g fi^ n. The midday meal. 

HIBUMA b A. -r f| Pn^ n. The day-time : zoku 
ga aruku, the robber goes about in the day- 
time. 

HIBUMAE t fr^r ^ ml n. Forenoon. 

HIBUMAKI b A- v ^ Jg n. The iron ring 
around the end of a spear. 

HIBU-MESHI b A- > v' &L n. The noon- 
meal ; dinner. 

HIBUMI.-MU b A- j i.v. To shrink or draw 
back in fear ; to flinch ; to be disheartened, 



HIR 



165 



ms 



lose courage; to be palsied (obs.) : mikata no 
taigun wo mite teki tea suhoshihu hinnnituri, 
the enemy seeing our large army began to 
lose courage. 

Syn. CHIJIMU, IJIKERU. 

HIRCNB b*-^ IE $ n. Sleeping in the 
day-time; siesta: nusnbito no (prov.), the 
sleep of a thief in the day-time. 

-uoi b*-*.=^r 2 i n. Afternoon. 
ISA fa-^b'T X* %* adv. A long time: 
o me ni kakarimasen, have not seen you 
for a long time. 

K b^y t|-5- n. A kettle used for 
holding take. 

.. CHOSHI. 

HISAGE,-RU biry*- fc| t.v. To hold in the 
hand. 

i b-^^ n. The catalpa-tree. 
-I,-GU b-t?* flfc, or fg t.v. To hawk 
poods ; to sell in the streets ; to peddle ; to 
sell. Syn. SABAKD, URU. 
HISAGO b -9- a* ffr n. A calabash, gourd. 

. HYOTAN. 

KATA b If U # ^ ^ A word without 
meaning called makura-kotoba, used only in 
poetry in connection with heavenly objects, 
as : no sora ; no hi ; no tsuki ; no 
ame ; no hikari. 

fHisAito b If a n. A dipper; ladle : i.q. 
hishaku. 

fHisAMK b T ; n. Hail. 

HIYo. 

HISA NI b T ^ adv. For a long time : araba 
nnnnka lakari, if for a long time (it will be) 
about seven days. 

b "9" J ffl $ n. A ramrod, 
"i b if ^ fa n. A penthouse, or small 
f projecting over a door or window. 
Hi-iirui bf S^y 1 ; Xifc (coll.) Long 
time since ; a long time has elapsed since : 
de nimashita, it is a long time since I met 
him. 

Syn. NAOA-NAOA, NAOAKU. 

HisAHHii.-xi b If i' >f X. adj. A long time ; 
ancient; old: hisathii-yanuii, an old com- 
plaint; hisaxhii-hanashi, an ancient story; 
hiratlui (tin, a loj)^ time ago. 

t ^ 9 %> adv. A long time; 
-HO J anciently : o me ni kakarimaten, 
have not seen you for a long time. 

Syn. NAOAKU. 
HifusmsA bl^&^T n. The length of time 

HUATHU b U* 9 ^ ^L n. A letter sent by 
quick diflpntch. 

;i b-tt* Cfc^J n. Arsenic. 
K b -te X n. Torture by fi in. 
HH b -te v $. Jft (iyathii) Low ; mean ; 

vulgar : hiten na Into. 

HM b -te v # ^ (iJfctua tco a/ii fo tr) 
Condemning war; adv '-n : fo. tin- 

peace party ; tet$u, the doctiin<-s of those 

HIM* NI* b-tev^v f ii ig A n. The person 

fleeted or chobtu. 



HISHA b J'-Y f^ i^. n. (lit. flying wagon) 
The rook in the game of chess. 

HISHAKU b^-Y^ ftj ft u- A dipper, ladle. 
Syn. SHAKU. 

HISHAKU b " -Y ^ ^ i& Mrn, to go 
about shaking the shakujo, as a Buddhist 
priest, or religionist. 

HISHI b ^ | n. The water caltrops, Trapa 
incisa. 

HISHI b v' n. Diamond-shaped. 

HISHI b J" n. A harpoon ; a trident or double- 
headed spear. 

HISHI-BISHI-TO b i't*^}. adv. (coll.) Severely; 
tightly ; violently ; rapidly : s/ii&aru, to 
tie tig'jtly; utsu, to beat severely; ft* 
beki koto wo fit, to say what ought to be said 
in a harsh manner. 

HISHI-GAKUSHI b Ss 1f 9 ^ $$? n. Keeping 
secret ; concealing. 

HISHIGATA b ^ if 9 ^ 1$ n. Diamond- 
shaped : nofukuro. 

HISHIGE,-RU b >"/^ i.v. To be crushed, 
mashed ; to be flattened. 

HISHIGE-BANA b v' ? >* + p7 ^L n. A nose 
sunken or hollowed, naturally or by disease. 

HISHIGI,-GU b v' / $ t.v. To crush, mash ; 
to flatten, break into pieces; to bruise: take 
wo ; te wo ; f kioi wo . 
Syn. TSUBDsu, KUJIKU. 

HISHIGO b5^3* ^j| n. The name of a fish. 

HISHIGOTO b ^ 3* h 9 i ^ n. Work done by 
the day. 

IHisHiKE ba^ n. Bainy weather. 

HISHIKUI b Ss ? b %& n. The bean goose, 
Anser segitum. 

HISHIMEKI,-KD bv'jrf^ ^3 i.v. To make a 
noise, clamor, tumult, or uproar. 

Syn. SAWAGI-TAT8U, 8ODO SDRU. 

HISHIMOCHI bi'^f- n. Rice-cakes made in 

a diamond shape to be offered to the ktimi. 
HISHIO b SsTfr f$| n. A kind of food made of 

pickled minced meat : ume-bisho, plum jelly. 
HISHIO bS^# ^rty n. The ebb-tide. 
HISHI-TO b is }> adv. (coll.) (1) Firmly; 
strictly; severely; earnestly: kokoro ni 
kakeru, to fix in the mind ; tauomu, earn- 
estly to ask. 

(2) The sound of slamming, or dashing: 
fiisinnii to viado wo au, to shut the screen 
or door with a slam. 

HI-HIWA b S'" n. Pnnicum, or pnnic-grass. 
llisu.) b f i i&lF n. Books on secret 

< ts ; ju-ivntr sTetary. 

llisno b S^ 3 j5? jjf (nfntma tro takeni) n. 
Avoiding oi f MI miner). 

S\n. in D 

Binft b>'-Vi> P^fX (kanathimi ifamu) 
Lamrntin ; niotim 

KU b ^ a ^ 3fe Ift n. Temporarily 
out of office; not in ollicial employment; on 
litilf 

n 9 V y |Jfc1& * n. A 
vato secretary. 

b i"3. Hi tjf (/in;io-;;af<'n^i) n. A dirk. 
lliso by iife }Jt n - (chem.) Native arsenic. 



HIS 



166 



HIT 



Hiso b -f rj & $E (nwale) n. Superficial ; 
shallow ; not profound : no ken, a superficial 
view. 

HISO-BISO b y b* y 5 5 a ^v. Secretly ; 
privately ; softly ; quietly ; silently : mono 
wo iu, to speak secretly. 
Syn. NAISHO, KOSSORI. 

HISOKA b y -ft $$ naru, adj. Secret; 
private ; hidden : tokoro, a secret place. 

HISOKA b y # fA ni, adv. Secretly ; pri- 
vately ; softly ; stealthily : mono wo tu, to 
speak privately. 

HISOME,-RU b y * A* j$ t.v. To hide, con- 
ceal; ^ to wrinkle, contract, pucker up: 
koe wo , to speak in a low voice, to whisper; 
mi wo , to hide one's self; mnyu wo , 
to wrinkle or contract the brow (as in 
pain, anger) ; to frown : kuchi wo , to 
pucker the mouth. 

HISOMEKI.-KU b y > ^ t.v. To tell secretly ; 
to whisper : uwasa wo , to tell a report. 
Syn. SASAYAKU. 

HISOMI,-MU b V * ^ i.v. To hide, conceal, 
lie hid, lurk ; $$ to contract, wrinkle ; to fall 
in (as the mouth of an old person) : hibari 
wa kusa no naka ni hisonde iru, the lark hides 
in the grass ; sakana ga iwa no aida ni , the 
fish hides among the rocks. 

Syn. KAKURURU, SHINOBU. 

HISOMI-GOKOBO b y * a* a P n. Shyness ; 

bashfulness; modesty. 
HISOSEKI b If # is * #h 9$ ; n. Arsenic ; 

i.q. hiseki. 

HISSABAKI.-KU b!?^^^ See hikisabaki. 
HISSAOE,-RU b^lT-/^ J^l i| t.v. To carry 

anything hanging from the hand; to take 

along with. 
HISSAN b y U" ^ H *& n. The method of 

calculating with figures, not with the soro- 

ban. 
HISSARAE,-RU b y U" 9 -^ A- t.v. To take all 

away ; to sweep away, make a clean sweep : 

tsunami wa ie kura wo , the huge wave 

swept away the house and godown ; kane wo 

te nig em. 

HIS-SEI b ? % 4 H n. A secretary or 
writer in a government office. 

Syn. SHOKI, MONOKAKI, YUHITSU. 

HISSEI b 7 ~fe 4 |l 3& (fude no ikioi) n. 
Penmanship ; freedom or manner of writing : 

ryu no gotoxlii. 

HISSEKI b y 12 % H $& n. Hand-writing, 

penmanship : <ja yoi. 
HISSHA b ? " -V 4f n. A writer, scribe, 

secretary. 
HISSHI b y v- ifc 26 (kanarazu shisu) Must die ; 

certain death : ni natte tatakau, to fight 

with desperation ; ima wa to kokoro wo 

sadame, made up his mind that now he must 

die. 
HISSOKU b y y 9 jg ^ To be confined to 

one's house for some offense (only of samurai); 

to be stopped up, obstructed; oshi-tsuke- 

rareru, to be condemned to imprisonment in 

his own house. 



HISSORI TO b y y 9 > Jj | adv. Quietly ; 
still; silently : shite ini, to be still; thita 
tokoro, a still, quiet place. 
Syn. SHIZUKA-NI, HISOBISO-TO. 

HISSO-TO b y y h Same as hissori to. 

HISUI b x 4 |i 2g n. A king-fisher. 
Syn. KAWASKMI. 

HISURU b :*. * tt See hi. 

HITA b ft ?j\ fa n. A thing for scaring birds 
from a rice neld. Syu. NARDKO. 

HITA b ft Always ; continually ; wholly ; 
completely (used mostly in comp.) : ni, 
wholly ; gokoro, with the whole heart. 

HITABURD-NI b ft '/ n* adv. Earnestly, im- 
portunately. Syn. HITASURA NI. 

HITA-HITA b ft b ft adv. The sound of water 
splashing: mizu ga to funa-bata ni utsu, 
the water splashes against the sides of the 
boat ; to uchi-noru, to ride splashing 
through the water. 

HITAI b ft 4 gfj n. The forehead ; no 
ghiwa, the wrinkles in the forehead ; no 
aosttji, the blue veins in the forehead. 

fHiTAi b ft b n. Hair-pins worn as orna- 
ments in the front of the head. 

HITAIQAMI b X 4 H \ 7# fg n. The forelock: 
uma no . 

HITAI-ZUTSUMI b*vf^5>S^n. A veil. 

HITAKI b ft % ^C ^ n. A fireman, stoker ; a 
fireplace. 

HITAKI b 9 * & n. A kind of bird. 

HITAKIYA b ft ^ -Y n. A house or station 
where anciently a signal fire was kindled. 

HITAMICHI NI b ft \ f ^ adv. Earnestly ; with 
the whole heart. 
Syn. HITOSUJI NI. 

HITAMONO b 5t ^ } adv. Earnestly ; intently; 
chiefly; wholly : oya ni kd wo *uru. 

Syu. HITASURA, MOPPARA. 

HITAN b ft +/ jj|- ^ (kanaihimi nagcku) 
Sorrow ; mourning : sum, to mourn, weep, 
lament; no namida ni knreru, blinded by 
tears of sorrow. 

tHiTAOMOTE b 9 * ^ f adj. Plain; bold; 
direct ; open. 

HITARI,-RU b 9 ** J *- v - ^ ^ e dipped or 
immersed in a fluid ; to be soaked, steeped, 
macerated: nen-ju sake ni hitatte iru. 

HITASHI,-SU b 5t ^ ^ t.v. To dip into a 
fluid ; to immerse ; to soak, steep, moisten, 
macerate ; to wash, as a stream the shore : 
mizu ni , to dip into water; yu ni , to 
steep in hot water. Syn. TSUKERU. 

HITASHI.-SU b ft -%> t.v. To bring up, edu- 
cate, nourish. 

HITASHI-MONO b ft $, ^ j n. Beans or 
vegetables boiled and steeped in slwyn. 

HITASURA-NI b ft x. *? ^ K ^ a dv. Earnestly; 
with the whole heart ; vehemently ; importu- 
nately : tanomu, to ask importunately ; 
gaku-mon too siisumeru, to earnestly urge 
another to learn; iken wo kuwaem, to 
earnestly caution. 

Syn. HITAMONO, MOPPARA, ICHIZU-NI, SIIIKI- 
RI-NI. 



HIT 



167 



HIT 



{HITATAKE.-RU b 9 2 >r * i-v. To be slovenly, 
loose, careless in dress, language or con- 
duct. 

EITATARE b * * vx IL ?& n. A kind of robe 
worn by nobles. 

HITA-TO b 9 > : <JL adv. Closely; tightly ; the 
sound made by striking one hard thing against 
another: tsuku, to put close against; to 
stick tightly; narabete oku, to arrange 
closely together; utsu, to strike with a 
sharp sound. 

ElTATA-OOMORI b * "Y =f * 9 "^ |c % H. Al 

ways keeping at home ; seldom going out of 
the house ; a home-body. 

HITEN h f ^ :}& f!i fiwru, to criticise and 
mark any literary work. 

HITO b > A n. A man, a person (male or 
female); people; mankind; others: tenant, 
to become a man ; to be full grown ; to come to 
one's self; wo hito ni omowazu, to despise 
others, caring not for men; ni kakaru, to 
be dependent on others ; nt sugiru, to excel 
others. 

HITO b > adj. One (same as hitotsn), used 
only in compound words, as: hito-tabi, once, 
one time; hito-toshi, a year; hito-tsnki, a 
month; hito-toki, an hour; hito-hi, one day; 
hito-yo, a night; hito mawari, one revolution, 
one week (in taking medicine). 

HITO-AI b h T b A iS* n - Intercourse; asso- 
ciating with others : no yoi hito, a popular 
person ; one esteemed by others. 

HITO-BANARE bh/'^tx A pit n. Avoiding 
the society of others ; separating from the 
society of others : shite oru, to live alone. 

HITO-BABAI b>/-\7b A$| n. Clearing the 
room or place of people: de mitsndan 
turn, to clear the room and talk in secret. 

HlTO-BASHIRA b h /* S^ 7 A t n. (lit. llU- 

man pillar) Burying a man alive on laying 
the foundation of a castle or bridge (an an- 
cient custom) : wo irern. 
HITO-BITO b h if h plur. Men ; people ; 

body. 
HI-TOBOSHI-OORO b > tf Sx ^f o D. The time 

of candle-lighting. 

EITO-DAKARI bh^^/9 A 3$e n. A crowd 
of people : go, turn, to crowd together. 

DAMA bh^^A^n. A phosphores- 
cent ball which rises from the ground and 
moves from one place to another, supposed to 
be the spirit of a dead person. 

IK b h tf ) j> A #5 n. Causing 
others to trust or confide : naru kimi no 
ba. 

DANOMI b V *f x* 3 A $3 n ' Trusting 
or confiding in other*: dc wa yokn il-hinu, 
u trust in others to do it, it will not bo 
well .1 

BITODB b ) r n. A species of starfish, order 
Aateria. 

*AKI b >. a f A & n. (lit. human 
! images of men anciently]! 

ar mb of the Emperor as a guard 

or aiiuidouU. 



HrTOGAMA8HIKX,-KU-SHI b h if N 3s % adj. Be- 

coming to a man; genteel; manly: okonai. 
HITOGARA bV^'7 A #j (jimpin) n. Kind 

or quality of man : no yoi hito, a fine man 

(in personal appearance) ; no warui hito, a 

vulgar-looking fellow. 
HITOGATA b h if j* A Jf n - ^ statue or 

image of a man. 

HlTOGE-NAKI,-KU-SHI b>y^a^ ^lAyl^ adj. 

Not like or becoming to a man (in conduct) ; 
despicable ; base. 

HITO-GIKI b h ** ^ A fifl n. The hearing of 
others : wo habakant, to fear that people 
should hear; ga warui, don't let others 
hear. 

HITO-GIRE b f 3* i" A 5ft n - The stoppage of, 
or interruption in, the passing of people (as 
through a crowded street) : no nt michi. 

HITOGOKOCHI b h d* a f- n. The feeling, sen- 
Rations : mo sezu, lost all feeling ; became 
insensible. 

HITOGOMI b h n* ^ n. A crowd of people, 
throng. 

HITOGOROSHI b h a* P " A ft n. Man- 
slaughter; murder; a murderer. 

HITOGOTO b > rf > A "5" n. Talking about 
others : wo iu na, don't talk about others. 

HITOGOTO-NI b h 3* h ^ ^ A adv. Every 
body; each person. 

fHiTOGUsA b 1* jf-if n. People=r<imi'. 

HITO-JICHI b>3?f-A^"n. A hostage : 
wo tent, to take a hostage; ico yarn, to 
give n hostage. 

HITO-JINI b > s? ^ A 56 n. A person dead ; 
somebody killed : ga atta, there was a 
person killed; tea na kat ta, there was no- 
body killed. 

HITO-KAGE b h # Y A ^ u. The shadow of 
a man : ga shoji ni ntsnrn, there is tho 
shadow of a man on the screen; mo uui, 
not a single person. 

HITOKAI b h -ft b n. (coll.) A kidnapper. 

Syn. KADOWAKASHI. 

HITOKAZU b h * - A tfc n- The number of 

persons ; the population. 

Syn. NINZU. 
HITO-KIRE b } % v A ft" 0>t. a piece of a 

man) : mo nai, not a single person ; it no 

nchi ni wa mo ;/(//. 
HITOKIWA b V ^> /> ^ adv. Especially, 

particularly; pre-eminently. 
HnoKO-NO-KAMi b h 3 ) -n \ n. The chief 

of a tribe. 

HiTOKOROHi b > 3 n b n. Arrognting or as- 
suming what does not belong to <.JH\ 
HITOMA b > ^ A Pn] (hi'o no aidn) n. Tho 

absence of men ; nobody 1 n( : 

100 nkagatte mono iro HU-IDHH, to lookout 

that nobody is present and steal. 
HITOMANK b h 'r -f- A & fat n. Mimicking 

or imitating others: ico $uru, to mimic or 

imitate others. 

ASU b h ^x\ AH n - 'N^ vacant s].:i.-o 

lict\\ i n) ilio out<T and inner gates of a cuullu, 

used for numbering au aimy. 



HIT 



168 



HIT 



HITOMAZU b h * y* 3fe adv. (coll.) Now ; for 
a short time : kore de yamemasu. 

HITOME b h * A 1=1 n. The eyes of others ; 
the public ; the world : wo habakaru, to fear 
or shun the notice of others ; wo Jwjiru, to 
be ashamed to be seen by others ; wa 
shinobu, to avoid being seen ; ni kakaru, 
to be seen by others ; wo kaneru, to be con- 
cerned how anything may appear to others. 

HITOMI b h 5 Btjf 3~ n - The pupil of the eye. 

HITOMI-GOKO b> * ^f ? *r A J? $ n Human 
sacrifices offered to the kami. 

HITOMOJI b } ^ s? J& n. An onion. 
Syn. NEGI. 

HITO-MUKASHI b > A # S' *- ^ n. Olden 
time : ju nen . 

HITO-MUKI NI b>A^^ ~" (pj adv. With the 
whole heart, strength or care ; earnestly ; 
attentively ; with one turn : mono wo sum, 
to do anything with the whole heart ; hito 
muki na hito, one who engages earnestly in 
anything ; a person of one idea. 
Syn. HITOSUJI NI. 

HITONAMI b ) * 5 A s& Like men generally ; 
like other people, or the common run of man- 
kind : ni haori wo kirn, to wear the coat as 
people generally do ; na hito, a person not 
different from others. 

HITO-NIKUKI.-KU-SHI b > =L ? $s A ^ adj. 
Offensive or disagreeable in the sight of 
others ; ugly ; hateful. 

HITO-OMOI-NI b h * * b adv. At once. 

HITORASHII,-KI-KU b > 7 2^ >f adj. Looking 
or acting like a man or human being. 

HITORI b h 9 A One person; alone: single; 
by one's self ; only : ninsoku wo hitori yonde 
koi, call a coolie ; hitori de ynkv, to go alone, 
or by one's self ; dachi ni, in single file ; 
hitori musuko, an only son ; hitori mono, a 
single person, without relatives, or a person 
who lives alone ; hitori-ne wo sum, to sleep 
alone. 

HITORI-BITORI b } 9 b* h 9 adv. One by one ; 
singly ; one of many : ni naru, to become 
separated ; ni hikidnshite horosu, took them 
out one by one and killed them ; ni aruku, 
to walk singly, separately, or in single file. 

HITORIDACHI btP^f- $3 L n. Indepen- 
dent ; free of others ; standing alone, as a child 
learning to walk : no knni, a country inde- 
pendent of any other. Syn. DOKU-RYU. 

HITORIOO b h 9 =f $7 ^ n. An only child. 

HITORIGOCHI.-TSU b h 9 3* ? i.v. To talk to 
one's self ; to soliloquize. 

HITORIGOTO b > 9 =f h $ i& n. Talking to 
one's self : wo iu, to talk to one's self ; 
to soliloquize. 

HITORI-GURUMA b > 9 / A- ^ n. A velocipede. 
Syn. JIZAISHA. 

HITORIMI b h 9 3 $(f $f (doku shin) Alone ; 
without kindred or relations; a bachelor or 
widow. 

HI-TORI-MUSHI b } 9 AS' ^CJRIk n. Insects 
which, in summer, fly into a light and some- 
times extinguish it. 



HITORIZUMI b h 9 ^ 5 $3 ^ n - Living 
alone: wo shite omoshiroku nai, living alone 
is not pleasant. 

HlTO-SASHI-YUBI bh^^^-K" ^ ^ D ' ^ ne 

index-finger. 

HITOSHII,-KI-KU-SHI b h $/ 4 ^ adj. Same; 
equal ; one ; alike ; same time ; together : 
kokoro, like-minded ; haru no yo no yume ni 
liitothii, like the dream of a spring night. 

Syn. DOZEN, ONAJI, GOTOKIT. 

HITO-SHIKIRI b h $s% 9 ^n O ne sharp or 
violent effort ; one paroxysm : wa ayau~ 
katta, for a moment he was in great danger; 
ame ga futte harem, it rained violently for 
a little while and then cleared off. 

HlTOSHI-NAMI-NI bhs-'i'^^ ^?a|. a ^ V - ^ 

the same manner ; like. Syn. DOYO-NI. 
HITOSHIO b h Ss-fr X adv. Still more: 

yoroshii, better still. Syn. NAO. 
HITO'SUJI-NI b h^-f' $j adv. Earnestly; 

exclusively ; with the whole heart. 
HITOTE b f f n. Only by one person; 

monopoly : de. urisabaku, sold only by one 

person; monopolized: ni kaishimeru, to be 

bought up by one person. 

Syn. SEMMAI SURU. 
HITO-TO-NARI bhh + 9 $iAn- The kind 

of person ; character ; disposition ; nature : 

sono jihi fakashi, he was a man of an 

exceeding kind disposition. 
HITO-TORI b ) v 7h 9 ][g adv. In a general 

way ; in the main ; for the most part. 
HITOTSU b h ? (ichi) adj. One; single; 

alike; same: to shite yoi mono wa nai, tlu-ro 

is nothing good, or, not a single good thing. 
HITOTSU-BANASHI b ) 7 /<? * s^ n. Common 

talk ; what is in everybody's mouth. 
HITOTSUBARHI b h ? ' * ^ n. A bridge made 

of a single plank, or trunk of a tree. 

Syn. MARUKI-BA8HI. 

HITOTSDBO b V 7 tf n. A hinge consisting of 

a staple and hook. 
HITOTSU- YA bh^^r^-^n. A solitary 

house ; a lone house : yama naka no , a lone 

house among the mountains. 
HITOWARAB bhV7^A^n. An object of 

ridicule ; a laughing-stock : to num. 
HITO-WAROKI,-KU-SHI b h !? P $/ adj. Some- 
thing which one is ashamed that others should 

know; shameful, disgraceful. 
HITOYA b h -V ^ j^ n. A jail, prison. 

Syn. ROYA. 

HITOYA b h -V A H n. A human habitation. 
HITOYARI b h -V 9 n. Occasioned by others: 

narazu, not caused by others (but by his own 

fault). 
HITOYE K + ^ HjL One thickness ; single ; not 

double. 
HITOYE-MONO b > -v ^ ) n. A garment of a 

single thickness, not lined. 
HITOYE-NI b h ^ zi ^ adv. Earnestly; 

wholly ; entirely ; only ; to the exclusion of 

everything else; just as: tanomu, to 

earnestly request. 

HITASURA-NI, NANIBUN. 



HIT 



169 



HIY 



HITOYOGIRI b } a ^ 9 p | n. A kind of 
pipe, or flute, open at the top. 
Syn. HAKUHACHI. 

HITOTOZAKE b > a-y-*^" n. i.q. amazake. 

fHrroYozuMA b h 3 '/ v n. (lit. one night 
wife) n. A harlot. 

HITOZUTE b h */T n. A go-between, media- 
tor : nurade iu, to speak directly without 
a go-between. 

HITSU b 7 flf n. A trunk, box; a chest for 
clothes. 

HITSU b 7 K (fnde) n. A pencil, pen: 
ippitsu, one pen ; ippitsu kcijo itashi soro, I 
respectfully write you these few lines (in com- 
mencing a letter.) 

HITSUDAN b 7 if f tg f& (fvde de hanasu) 
Conversing ; talking together by letter, or by 
writing. 

HITSUOI! b y ^ ^ n. A 'coffin: hitsugi- 

HITOOI j guruma, a hearse. Syn. KWAN. 

fHiTsuoi b 7 3r t] Hi n. The Imperial suc- 
cession: no mi fro, the heir- apparent. 

Hrrsui b 7 >f |^ ^ n. Penmanship; mode 
of writing. 

HITBUJI b 7 s? ^ n. A sheep ; one of the 12 
horary signs : no ayumi, the leading of a 
criminal to punishment ; no kata, the s.s.w. 
point of the compass ; no toki, 2 o'clock 
P.M. (8 of Japanese) ; hitsnji-saru, the s.w. 

HITSUJI b 7 & n. Rice straw, especially that 
between two joints : wara, id. 

HITSCJI-BOJ b 7 ftf j$ n. The rice that 

HITSUJI J sprouts up after the first crop is cut. 

HITSUJIGUSA b v & fir n. A species of water 
lily, Nymphcea tetragona. 

HITBUJO b 7 f-'-v $ 3& $. (kanara^tadamaru) 
Certain; sure; fixed; settled; decided; de- 
termined : shikari, certainly so. 

Syn. TASRIKANI, KITTO, ZEHI. 

HITSUKE b 7 jr ^ -ft- n. Setting on fire ; an 
incendiary. 

T-KI,-KU b 7 9 &% t.v. To be dried 
and stick to anything. 

Hrrsu-METSu b 7 * 7 faffi, (kanarazu shi- 
turn) (Bud). Must surely die; thuja hit*u- 
mtt$u t death is the doom of every living 
thing. 

': 7 *. *r jjt jgL Essential ; necessary ; 

-; requisite: no koto. 
b 7-tfv fr $ (kanaratu thilcani) 
adj. and adv. Certainly; necessarily; posi- 

ly; absolutely: no koto; no n'. 
HiTTArni.-TSU b 7 j 7 %\3i - v - ('"'** and 
tachi) To stand up; to be improved in ap- 
pen: 'j jpo nnttnrtba r>kini hir 

kita, since the door is painted it looks much 

Miuni,-Bu b 7 9 9 * t.v. To snatch, take 

ice. 

^ b 7 9 v HE & (fude no taki) n. Tho 
or pen; the writing: 
k<it wo $h'~>znru fprov.). 

b 7 ? 9 >. adv. Closely ; tightly : 
- tmku, to stick tight; yoru, to como 
to; 



HITTATE,-RU tv 9 *f fr See hihitate. 

HITTEKI b yT% CS $fc sum, to match; to 
oppose as equal : ware to hitteki subeki mono 
u-a arazu, there is no one able to contend 
with me. 

HlTTSDKAMAE.-RU b V 7 ^ "T ~* ^ Vj\ $1 t.V. 

(coll.) To seize, lay hold of, catch hold of ; 

to grasp. 
HITTSUKAMI.-MU b 7 7 * * (coll.) Same as 

hittsukamaeru. 
HI-UCHI b -f? f- n. Striking fire : gane, a 

steel for . 
HI-UCHIBA b t> f* >* n. The longest feather 

in a bird's wing. 
HI-UCHI-BUKURO b^f-7*^w &n. A bag 

for holding the instruments for striking 

fire. 
HI-UCHI-GAMA bifrf-tf^'^r^^n. A steel 

for striking fire. 

HI-UCHI-ISHI b^f->f5x 3ff^X"%J n. A flint. 
HI-UCHI-KADO b^f-^^T)^f5n. A flint. 
Hi-uwo b t? ? ^ jjln. Dried fish. 
HIWA b V fe| n. A kind of small bird, gold- 
finch. 
HIWADA b^jjf tt& n - The bark of the ^* 

tree used for roofing : hiwadabuki, a roof 

made of the above bark. 
HIWAZUBITO b >N ^ b* h i^ A n- An imbecile, 

idiot. 
HI-WAKE,-RU b !7 v A' ^f" ^J i.v. To be dry 

and cracked by exposure to the sun. 
HIWARI b 9 n. Interest by the day ; daily 

payment ; daily portion : kanjo ; tea ichi 

nichi ikura. 

HI-TA b -V >Ac ^ n. A fire-arrow ; a rocket. 
HI-TA b^V )5c-i n. A building in which tho 

bodies of the dead are burned ; cremation 

house. Syn. EASOBA, DABISHO, TAKIBA. 
HIYA b Y ^ Cool; cold: hiiia-mim, cool 

water; hiya-ase, cold sweat; Jiiya-mtshi, cold 

rice ; o hiya wo motte-oide, bring some cold 

water ; de nomu, to drink without warm* 

ing, as sake. 
fHiYAKA b -V * i-q- Myayalia. 

HlYAKA8ni,-SD b -V * ^. 5^ $$ t.V. To COOl ; 

to divert, or amuso one's self by looking at ; to 
banter, befool; to flirt : wi-moiw iro Itiijn ' 
te arukn, to go about tho shops looking at 
goods and not buying. 

Syn. REI-KYAKD, 8UKEN. 

HFYAKE,-RU b Y P ** i.v. To bn coolrd : ifa ni 
ttuheta tuikwa wa yoku hiyakeru, tlio v, 
melon which was put into the well is well 
cooled. 

HIYAKOI.-KI-KU-SHI b "Y a >f )- adj. (coll.) 
Cool; cold: mitu g<i , the water JH . 

narti, to become cool; turn, to 
. Syn. TBUMi 

HI-YAKU b-Y^ fjb||n. A secret medicine ; ft 

nostrum. 
HI-YAKO b -Y 9 & t^ n. Oat of office, not in 

uloyment. 

i b-V^^-f 7Tf9 n - Thonirmhrrs 
of On- l>o'ly ; all the various coustituuut parts of 
the) 



HIY 



170 



HO 



HIYA-MESHI b -Y * 5" n. Cold boiled rice : 
kui, one who eats cold rice, or what is left 
from the master's table; a hanger-on, or 
dependent in a family. 

HIYA-MUGI b -Y ** " n - Cold boiled macaroni. 

HIYARI TO b -Y 9 h adv. Feeling cold to the 
touch ; to be surprised or alarmed. 

HiYAsm,-su b -V X 5- t.v. To cool : hitai wo 
mizu de hiyasu, to cool the forehead with 
water; hiyashite oku, to put away to cool; 
kokoro wo , to alarm, cause fear. 
S.yn. SAMASU. 

HIYAYAKA b-YY# * adj. Cool; cold: na 
mizu, cool water. Syn. TSUMETAI. 

HIYE b * n. A species of millet, Panicum 
crus-coroi. 

EIYE,-RU b * *- * i.v. To get cool ; to be 
cold: meshi ga hi y eta, the rice has become 
cold; ashi ga , the feet are cool; o hiije 
nasare-masu na, do not let yourself get cold. 

HIYE-ATARI b je. f ft 9 } ^ u. Sickness 
from exposure to cold. 

HIYE-IRI,-RU b jc. 4 )\, i.v. To be cool, cold 
(spoken only of things or persons) : meshi ga 
, rice is cold. 

EIYEKI b * % I& l (tasuke masu) n. Advan- 
tage ; profit ; benefit : denshin no yo wo uru 
koto oi nari. 

fHiYEN b Jt v n. The ridge of a roof. 

HIYERI b -^ 9 n. Selecting a day. 
Syn. HIDORI. 

HIYETSU b * 7 ^ BE (hiraki-kemisu) tunt, 
to open and read ; to peruse. 

HIYO b -Y ^ f & (tobi-agaru) suru, to fly 
up high, soar aloft. 

HIYO b 3 ^ 5? ffl n * ^6 expense, outlay, 
disbursement, cost : ga kasamu, the ex- 
pense is great. 

HIYO b 3 *? H Jf| n. Labor by the day ; 

day-labor : chin, wages paid for day-labor ; 

kon-nichi ni kite oknre, come and work 

for me to-day ; wo torn, to work by the day. 

Syn. YATOI. 

HIYODORI b 3 h* 9 $.| n. The brown-eared 
bulbul, Hypsipetes amaurotes. 

HIYOKE b 3 * 1EJ j& n. (1) Anything screen- 
ing, or protecting from the rays of the sun ; 
a sun-screen ; an awning. 

(2) Eft X. A vacant space around a house to 
protect it against fire. 

Hl-YOKU-NO-TORI b 3 9 ) \- 9 fcfc ^ ,% D. A 

fabulous bird ; the male and female are said 

to join their wings in flying; supposed by 

some to be the oshidori. 
HIYORI b a 9 EJ f-P n. Fine weather; 

weather : wo mini, to observe the weather; 

go, ii, the weather is fine ; ga warui, the 

weather is bad. Syn. TENKI, YOKI. 
HIYOWA b3? adv. Weak; tender; delicate; 

feeble : na hito. 
HIYOWAI.-KI-KU-SHI b 3 V >f adj. Weak; 

feeble ; delicate ; tender. 

Syn. KAYOWAI. 
HIYD b =L fcfc ^ (tatoe) n. A parable, fable, 

metaphor. 



HIZA b -9* S& n. The knee : no sara, the 

knee pan ; wo oni, to bend the knee ; wo 

kumu, to sit tailor-fashion; wo tsuku, to 

kueel. 

HIZA-GASHIRA b */ i! I' 7 Jj$ sS n. The knee. 
HIZAKARI b^** 1 ; ft ^ (nitchu) n. Noon; 

the hottest period of the day. 
HIZAKURA b tf 9 7 f^fjU u. A scarlet blossom 

cherry tree. 
HIZAMAKORA b rf v ^ 7 n. Making a pillow of 

another's knee or lap. 
HIZAMAZOKI,-KD b^'-r*/^ $i i.v. To kneel: 

hizamazuitt'. kami wo oyuinu, to kneel down 

and worship God. 
HIZA-MOTO b-^^ > J$ f n. By the knees; 

near to : oya no , at the parent's knee. 
HIZARA b -9* 7 X. m u. The pan of a gunlock ; 

the bowl of a pipe. 
HIZASARAOAI b-9 ? U'7tf>f n. A species of 

shell-fish, of the Chiton order. 
HIZASHI b tf " U $| n. Sunlight ; the sun's 

rays. 
HIZEN b -fe* v ^]f ^ n. A cutaneous disease ; 

the itch. 
Hizo b y $ $Jfc jfft (lit. private property) A 

valued or prized possession ; beloved : 

iinisume, a beloved daughter kept with tender 

care; shomotsu wo $111-11, to keep books 

with great care. 
HIZORI.-RU b V'A' $t^ i.v. Warped ; bent by 

the heat. 
tHizDKAsHiKi,-KU-sni b jf * x ^ adj. Artful; 

perfidious. 

Syn. KADAMASHII. 

HIZDKE b y ^ n. The date, as of a letter, etc. 
HIZUME b *J * $$ n. The hoof of an animal. 
HIZUME.-RU b jf > A- t.v. To tighten ; to draw 

tight, straiten, contract. 
HIZDMI,-MU b/A g i.v. To be bent; to 

deviate from the right line ; to be inclined, 

oblique, aslant, awry, askew, crooked ; warped, 

depraved, vicious: slwji ga hizunde tatenuisen. 

Syn. MAOARU, YDOAMU. 

tHizuRA b */ 7 n. The hair tied in a knot on 
each side of the head of a child. 

fHo Tfc >AC n. Fire; mostly used in comp. as 
hond, hokage. 

fHo Tjt ^ n. The summit, highest part, 
elevation : nami no ; kuni no , the most 
elevated parts of a country. 

Ho 7* fyL n. A sail: wo agent, to hoist a 
sail ; teo sagern, to lower a sail ; wo 
kakent, to hoist a sail; wo go-go bakari 
ageru, to half-reef a sail. 

Ho ft ||[ n. The ear, or head of rice, wheat, 
or any kind of grain : ine no , an ear of 
rice ; miigi no ho, a head of wheat. 

Ho 7ft $r n. A step in walking; a land 
measure of six feet, same as tsnbo, but used only 
in measuring farms : ippo, one step ; ni ho, 
two steps ; roppo, six steps ; jippo ico ippo ni 
tobu, jumped the distance of ten steps in one; 
ten ri no michi mo ippo yori hdjimnm, a 
journey of a thousand miles is begun by tak- 
ing one step. 



HO 



171 



HOD 



Ho Tfr i> n. A kind of hard wood used for 
making wood-cuts. 

II") * ijc ^ n. The cheek : ho-bone, the cheek- 
bone, malar bone. 

Ho ^ -7 ' n. Rule, law, usage, doctrine, pre- 
cept, maxim, religious rites or practices; 
incantation ; multiplier, or divisor in arith- 
metic : kuni no hd, the laws of a country : 
btityn no , the doctrines, or religion of the 
Buddhist; //" ni kanau, according to law, 
legal; ni somuku, to break the law, trans- 
gress, illegal ; nine wofuraseru ho, the incanta- 
tions used to bring rain ; soroban no ho, the 
rules of the abacus ; wo tatern, to make a 
law, or rule ; m sngiru, to exceed what 
usage or the rule requires; gaku, science 
of law. 

Ho ^ i? -jf (katd) n. Side, region, place, 
direction, part, person, thing ; a recipe: kono- 
hd here; I; sono-hd, you (to an inferior); ano- 
hd, there ; shiroi-hd, the white ; chiisai-hd 
ga yof, the small one is the best; ku*nri 
no ho, a medical recipe; nishi no ho, the 
west; Tokyo no ho ye nigeta, has fled towards 
Tokyo. 

Ho ^M> ^g n. Answer, or reply to a letter, 
communication, report : go ho ni makaseru, 
let it be according to your answer. 

Q. HENTO. 

HO-ASHI ft r ^ fa J$p n. The foot, or lower 

part of a sail. 
HG-ATE ft f f ^ $ n. The visor of a 

helmet. 
HOBAI ft $ X j HH M n - A friend, companion, 

comrade. 

Syn. HOTU, TOMODACHI. 
HOBAKD ft sf ? jfa ffi (torae-shibam) n. 

Seizure and imprisonment: anru, to arrest; 

nntubito ga terareta. 
HOBARI ;\ $ ,t 9 -% ] n A magnetic 

compass. 

I). RASHIMBAN. 

HOBARI.-RO & ?,* A- t.v. (coll.) To fill the 
mouth ; to cram or stuff the mouth full ; to 
gorge one's self with: mochi wo , to fill the 
mouth with rice-cake ; *aru ga kuri wo , the 
monkey fills his check with chestnuts. 

HOBASHIRA Tfc/JJ'? #& n. A mast. 

$ 't zs -% $> n. An expedient ; a 
pious device, art, invention, plan, or expedient 
used to convert people to Buddhism, or t<> 
lead a virtuous life ; (it is now not restricted 
to the Bud. meaning) : wo in, to mention 
an expedient; wo meguratu; wo motte 
iro micinbiku ; go na mono. 

Syn JUT8D, HAKARIOOTO. 

:A ft*}** n. The cheeks. 

' N tf & 2 . A reward : tro 
yam, to give a reward ; to thite kane wo 

gave money as a rew.i 

HOBO fttf Jfil or 0$ adv. For tlie most T 
omcwhat; nearly; almost; partly; Kcncrnlly : 
nitt iru, almost alike ; deki-agatta, nearly 

OKATA, ARAUA8HI, OMDNE, TAIOAI. 



HOBO ^$,fty -% -% adv. Here and there; 
all about; on all sides; every direction; every- 
where; every place : sapashite mo sappari 
gozaimasen, I have searched in every direc- 
tion but can find none. 
Syn. SHO-SHO, FRO-HO. 

HOBO 7*$;^$ ^^ u. A species of gurnard, 
Peristethus orientaie. 

HOBO >N#-*7 -% ^ Same as hoho. 

HO-BUNB Tit 7* ^ ^/L $$ . A sailing ship; a 
sail-boat. 

HOCHI ft # <f- ^g ^p n. News ; information ; 
intelligence; notice; report : sum, to notify, 
give intelligence of, inform, report; shim- 
bun, a gazette, intelligencer, news. 

HOCHIKU /ft f-^ ^C aj (oi-idaxtt) Driving out; 
expelling; excommunicating; dismissing; ban- 
ishing; ostracising: kozukui wo uru, to dis- 
miss a servant. 

HOCHO i|c^f--Y^^Tn- A tal)le or 

kitchen knife. 
HOCHU 7fcT>f-^t ^.ElJ n. Kitchen : kunshi 

wa wo tdzakn. 

Syn. KURIYA. 
HODA ft jf n. A rice-field where the rice has 

headed, or in the ear. 
HODACHI 7ft if + n. The head or ear of rice : 

no shigeki ine. 

HODAI s\t; jf 4 ^ gg (used only in combina- 
tion with other words) At will ; according to 
one's pleasure ; without restraint ; at liberty : 
liito no mi-hddai ni shite oku, to let people 
look at it as much as they please; uri- 
hddai, selling without restraint anything one 
pleases; shi-hddni, doing as one pleases. See 
df-hodni, tnri-hddni. 

HODAI 7\i> # 4 ^ ^ n. A fort, battery. 

HODAN j\ 7 if ^ $ gj n. Preaching ; a 
discourse on religious subjects ; a sermon : 

guru, to preach; wo kiku, to listen to a 
sermon. 

Syn. SEPPO, DANOI. 

HODANA &#+ tylffi n. The place on which 
a sail rests when turled. 

HODA8ARE,-RU ft jf ^ Vx A* ^ $$ (paSS. of 

hod(ishi) To be shackled, fettered, hampered, 
encumbered, embarrassed, bound : kn ni li<nl<i- 
tarete <//T</?VHUJ.<C/I, hiiulorcd l>y the cliild, I 
cannot go out; mi ni , encumbnv.! I'.v tln> 
bc.iy ; on mi no nasake ni }n>,l,isnr,-tii, bound 
by your kindness ; ni ni , hamporod by love. 
HODAHHI ft jf jx f| n. A shackle, f< 

. himlrance, eiiouinbrance : *'t /it ga 
iiodixlii to u ini, Nvifo and child become an 

HODAHIII,-SU Th^x. ^ t.v. To shackle; to 
fetter, cnrnmhvr: uma no athi wo , to 
shackle a horse. 

s\n. noi 

VT * 7 # T & & n. Mode, wny, 

-. laws; management: /.?//.> 

(u,iiiii--l;nt<i no , laws for tbe govt-rnim-nt <>f 

a state ; ie no ga tcarui, the household is 

: i .1-. fr jt T u. The side posts of a gate. 



HOD 



172 



EOF 



IHODARI Tfc jt V n. A cask or barrel for hold- 
ing sake. Syn. TARU. 

HODERI ijt =r 9 n. Eedness of the sky, or of 
the face (as in anger). 

HODO & $ H n. Quantity, of space or time ; 
quality, kind ; condition or station in life ; as, 
since, because, while, in proportion to : Jiodo no 
yni hito, a man of good manners, a proper or 
pleasant man ; ivo hedateru, to separate, put 
an interval between ; after some time ; kore 
hodo, so much, or this much ; sore hodo. so 
much, or that quantity ; yohodo, a good deal ; 
dore hodo, how much? hodo-naku, very soon, 
a short time; kesa-hodo, in the morning; 
kono , lately ; ban hodo, evening ; dekiru 
hodo, as much as you can; fumbetsu sum 
hodo jama ni naru, the more you think about 
it the worse it is ; anata hodo no hito ga kayo 
no koto wa shi-so mo nai mono da, I did not 
suppose that such a man as you would do such 
a thing; mi no hodo, one's position in life, 
proper place; shitaku wo sum ni, whilst 
getting ready ; gomen no hodo negai tatematsuri 
soro, I pray you to excuse me ; mo nai hodo ni 
agemasen, as I have no more I cannot give 
you ; miru hodo no mono wo tabetagari, wants 
to eat everything he sees ; sono ni shitagai, 
to act in accordance with one's condition or 
rank. 

HODO Tfc h* & || The private parts of a 
woman; i.q. onna no kakushidokoro. 

HODO >N # b* ; j n. Law, ordinance, statute. 

HO-DO >>N T> i? ^& i (mukui no kuni) n. 
Paradise (as being the place where the believ- 
ers in Amida are rewarded.) 

HODO Tfc # jf & ^. ^ sum, to dedicate a 
church or hall : shiki, dedication ceremony. 
Syn. KENDO. 

HODO-AI Tfr v* 7 b || Pq'j n. Interval of space or 
time : mo ni gozarimasen. 

HODOBASHIRASHI,-SU & stl" 7 X> ^ ^ t.V. 

To scatter ; to splash, spatter. 

HODOBASHIRI.-RU & $ X Ss A- a i.v. To fly 
or splash about, spatter about, as water : yu- 
dama takaku , the drops of hot water spat- 
tered high. Syn. HANERU, TOBASHIRU. 

HODO-CHIKAI Tfc 'f-lj J |2 aj Soon ; short 
time; near; short distance; not far from. 

HODOHE.-RU -fc ->, >u fj( $2 i.v. After a lapse 
of time; after some time has passed: hodohete 
yuku, to go after a while ; hodohete kore wo 
shim naraba, if hereafter they should know. 

HODO-HODO Tjt K" Tjt K" II fl (plural) Positions, 
ranks, or places in life ; very much ; greatly ; 
various times : liana wo chirashi tsuru kana, 
how much have the flowers fallen ! gi-shin 
wo kanzuru, he greatly admired his honesty ; 
shidai, according to their respective ranks ; 
mi no ni shitagau. 

HODOKE.-RU * f >r*, g$ i.v. Untied ; loosed ; 
to relax, remit, give up : musubi-me ga hodo- 
keta, the knot is untied; obi ga , the belt is 
loose ; ki no hodokenai hito, a person of a hard 
unyielding spirit. 
Syn. TOKERU. 



HODOKI.-KD -fc$ 9 $? t.v. To untie, loose : 

ito no musubore wo , to unloose tangled 

thread ; gwun wo , to perform a vow. 

Syn- TOKU. 
HODOKOSHI -ft a y ' fy n. Bestowment of 

alms or charitable gifts. 
HODOKOSHI,-SU Tjt h* 3 *. $ t.v. To give alms ; 

to bestow, confer, impart ; to use or practice ; 

to administer; to do: hubi wo , to confer a 

reward; koine wo , to give rice in charity; 

hnk<iri<ioto wo , to practise a stratagem; 

memboku wo , to get a name, to be praised ; 

urna ni kutsuwa wo , to put a bit in a horse's 

mouth. 

Syn. SEGYO 8URU, SAZUKE-ATAERU. 

HODOKU -fc -fj $ y ^ ffi (sasage yomu) n. 

Respectfully holding up an Imperial order or 

official document and reading it to others. 
HODONAKD tf* ^ -^ 9 -fSt f JC ft dv. In no time ; 

immediately; without interval of time or 

space ; at once. 

Syn. TAOATE, MAMONAKU. 

HODORAI Tfr b* 7 J n. (coll.) The capacity, size, 
or quality of tilings ; the station or position 
in life or society. 

HODORO ih V^ P n. A fern in its full grown 
state. 

HODOYOI.-KI-KU-SHI -fa 3 >f adj. Proper in 
degree or quantity; just right; agreeable, plea- 
sant. 

HOE ;N 7 3C. jj ^ n. An assembly of Bud. 
priests for the performance of religious cere- 
monies : wo nasu. 

HOE s\ f; ai ftlfc n. The after-birth, placenta 
and membranes. 

Syn. ENA, NOCHIZAN. 

HOE >\~? ** vi ^ n. The clerical dress, or 
clothes worn by Bud. priests. 

HOE,-RU ifc Jt fr ^ i.v. To bark ; to bellow, 
roar, howl, bay ; to cry, as an animal : fnit ga 
, the dog barks ; nshi ga , the cow 
bellows; hoe-kakem, to bark at. 

HOEKI Tfr * ^ ^ ^ (oginai masu) sum, to 
repair a defect, to recruit, invigorate : kekki no 
fusoku wo , to repair the vital powers. 
Syn. TASU. 

HOEN tft -at */ n. A long corridor or gallery. 

HOEN s\t? jc.*/ -% gj (shikaku mam) Square 
and round : mi'zit wa 710 utauwa ni shita- 
gai ; hito wa zen akii no tomo ni yoru, water 
takes the shape of the vessel in which it is, so 
a person becomes like those he associates with. 

HOE-ZURA ft *.?=? 3* jfa (naki-gao) n. (coll.) 
The face of one crying. 

HOFUKU ft? p 10 tSJ (harabai) n. Creeping; 
crawling (as a worm). 

HOFUKD ;N 7 7 9 & W*. ( nori no *orowo) The 
clerical dress of a Bud. priest : wo matou, 
to put on . 

HOFUKU ^ ty 7 9 $&$![ (hara wo kakaeru) 
Holding one's sides from excess of laughter : 
zettu no itari ; ni taezn. 

HO-FUKURASHI,-SU ?fr ^ 7 9 7 ^. i.v. To dis- 
tend or puff out the cheeks ; to pout ; to look 
sullen or displeased. 



EOF 



173 



HOI 



HOFURI.-RU ift 7 >i- Hj; t.v. To slaughter; to 
kill, massacre ; ushi wo , to slaughter an ox. 
Syn. KOROSU. 

HOFDTSU ;N $ 7 7 \% ffi (samo nii-u) Just 
alike ; resembling each other. 

HOGA 7ft -jf ^. ftv n. Contributions for re- 
ligious purposes : kin, money contributed 
to temples ; wo sum, to contribute. 

Sjn. KISHIN, KANKE, KIFU. 

HOGA > # if $fc % (viebae) n. A shoot, 
branch. 

HOGACHO -ft T> iff- -V ^ tiv $t n. A subscrip- 
tion book, in which contributions for religious 
purposes are written. 

^HOOAI rfttfb $. (/irai) Wishing a blessing or 
happiness to come on another: bito, a 
beggar. 

|HoGAi,-Au * -fj 7 t.v. To wish or pray for a 
blessing to rest upon a person. 

HOOAKI ^ 7 if * vi <F n- A recipe, receipt, 
formula, prescription. 

KU s^ $ if 9 ~2? ft n. Direction, point 
of the compass, quarter, bearing, locality : 
Tokyo no wa dochira, in what direction is 
Tokyo ? dono ni ataru, in what direc- 
tion is it ? 

HO-GAKU s\y i) 9 k *$ n. Science of law, 
jurisprudence. 

HOG AMI ft if ' Hi BS n. P^ f the stomach ; 
epigastric region. Syn. MUNASAKI. 

HOOAUAKA ifc -ft 7 -ft $fl adj. Bright, clear, 
spacious, wide : tsuki ga , the moon is 
bright ; na ie, a spacious house ; ni 
ginzuru. 

HOOK * f & % n. Heat. 

Syn. HONO, KAEN, ATSD8A. 

i */>f $.3& (mukae tatematsnrn) n. 
Receiving the Emperor: sum. 

KI y>^y^ $2 f? (taihu de utsu) Bom- 
barding, firing at with cannon : guru, to 
bombard. 

EOOEN >> # y v ;$C "if (hoshii mama no kotoba) 
Unrestrained and abusive language : wo 
haku. 
HOOCN ^ $ ff */ TJ * n. Provincialism, 

dialect. Syn. NAMAKI, KUNI-KOTOBA. 
HOOBTA jjt y ft fatfi n. The yard or spar 

ch a sail is fastened. 

|Hooi,-ou 7h / i.v. Same as hoaai: hogi-uta, 
a song of congratulation or blessing. 

'/ (huritiu no kotoba) n. 
Law term. 

H6oo /N :/ (^ S| n. Protection; defense: 
x, to protect, to defend, guard ; to take care 
of, shelter; zti, \ turiff; boeki, 

protective trade ; no ho, protective laws. 

Hyn. MAMORU, TAHDKBBU, suuoo. 
H6oo ^71i*r vi yt n. The name given by 
the Buddhtatf to a deceased person ; posthu- 
mous name. 
Sjrn. KAIMTO, HOMTO. 

'>->*'7 fe ^ I/.-IIJHI-.IH) n. (' nil.ining 

fifhrent things together; combination: kiuuri 
wo $uru, to combine medicines. 
Sjrn. cuOoo. 



HOOOSHI,-SU ijt rf^. t.v. To fray. 

HOQU ) Th ^ / fa $. n. Waste-paper ; paper 

HOGUJ scraps. 

HOGDRE.-RU Tfc >? is ^ i.v. Untied, loosed, 
unlaced, unraveled, frayed, untwisted : furo- 
sliiki ga , the wrapper is frayed. 

HOGDSHI * f *s >Ac ^ The stick to which 
a torch is fixed ; a pine torch ; the tube of a 
rocket. 

HOGDSHI,-SU * ?* t.v. To unravel, to fray, 
untwist. 

HOGWAI >>N 7 / 7 4 vi ft. (ho no hoka) Con- 
trary to rule or usage ; extraordinary ; anoma- 
lous; outrageous; exorbitant; excessive: no 
ne wo iu, to ask an exorbitant price ; ni 
chigau, exceedingly different ; na koto wo 
iu ; na mono. 

HOGWAN j\*r f yv 1J *% n. An officer of 
the 5th rank. 

HOGWAN ;N # / y zs ^ ^L Balls (cannon or 
musket) nine no gotoshi. 

HOGYO Th ^ ^ 3 r$ ftp n. The death of the 
Mikado. 

HOGYU ^ i? ^ $ $$$ n. The yak, or grunt- 
ing ox, Bos gruunicus. 

Syn. KARA NO KASHIRA. 

HOHATSU ;N $ ^ y $& ^ (teppo wo utsu) 

Firing or discharging a gun. 
fHoHEi Tjt ^ 4 ^ ;& n. Foot-soldier; 

infantry. 
HOHEI j\ *? ^N 4 $,& n. Artillery-man, 

gunner, cannonier. 
HOHEI -ft T> ^ 4 ^ ft. n. Offering ^o the 

kami : shi, a person sent by the Emperor 

to make offerings to a kami. 
HOHEN ijt $ ^ ^ %H ft$. (home kitsashi) Praise 

and censure ; reward and punishment : yo no 

wo kaerimiztt. 

HOHIGB * > b y #g ^ n. The beard on the 
cheeks ; whiskers. 

Hono ;x 7 -N 7 j|[ i^ adv. (coll.) In a creep- 
ing, skulking manner; sneaking: no tci de 
niiicrn, to creep or slink away. 

HOHO s\ 7 ^ 7 7j vi n. Method, way, modo 
of doing, process, system, scheme. 

HOHOEMI.-MU -ft Tjt at A {ft i.v. To smile, 
laugh gently. 

Hoi ih 4 %j ^r n . A court dress worn by 
inferior government officers, or common 
pit, 

Hoi ijt xf ; j^ (same as ftom',) Desire ; wMi : 

na/, not according to one's mind or d.^ire. 
Hoi -> ^ # ^r {i n. The quarter or point 

of the. compass from which good or bad luck 

coeds: toihi no ; hy<~>, a table or 

diagram of the lucky and unlucky days of the 

year. 

H6"i >N 7 4 & fc n ' Tne Kwmcnts worn by 

lin.l.li.i-i ; garments. 

Hoi ih^ $f ii i kurai) n. Im- 

perial throne. 

>^7 4 *s >Ji f p n. The name of a rank 
among tlio Bodflam and ynnMbuthi. 

* 4 o *& # n. An utensil made of 
paper used for beating tea-leaves. 



HOI 



174 



HOK 



HOITSU -> # xf y $fy j|| n. The clam and the 
heron : no araaoi (prov.), like the conten- 
tion of , in which the fisherman got all the 
benefit. 

HOITSU t^ij 4 V $. all Dissolute, profligate. 
Syn. HOTO, BURAI. 

HOJI ;N 7 s? vi ^ n. Prayers and religious 
ceremonies of the Buddhist, generally those 
performed on the anniversary of a death ; 
mass. Syn. TSUIZEN. 

HOJI.-RU -ft $ -rtfr % t.v. To roast, parch, or 
fire, as tea : cha wo hojiru, to fire tea. 

HOJI.-RU -fc $ -A A- } t.v. To grant the 
right of ruling over ; to set over, as ruler (as 
a province): nanigathi wo nmsas/// ni . 

HOJI,-RU s\ $ 3? A- $g (MM/CM) To repay, re- 
quite; to recompense; to avenge; to answer; 
to report, tell, proclaim, publish : on wo , to 
repay a kindness ; ada wo , to take vengeance 
on an enemy ; kachi wo , to proclaim a 
victory. 

Syn. KOTAERU, KAESU, SHIRA8ERU. 

HOJI.-RU Tfr - ft* j<j)| i.v. To die (used only 

of the mikado). 
HOJIGUI VM> j? / b #1 ij\ fa n - Posts set up 

to mark the boundaries of a country. 

Syn. BAKAI-OUI. 
HOJIKURI.-RU Tfc i? 9 A- t.v. To dig up, grub 

up : karasu ga tane wo , the crows dig up 

the seeds. 
HOJIRI.-RU Tfr 5? A- }* t.v. To dig up ; to pick 

out: imo wo , to dig up potatoes; biita ga 

tsuchitwo , tlie hog roots up the ground; 

toge wo ,'to pick out a thorn. 
EOJIRO 7h # *? n $ 7u .% n. The name of a 

bird. 

HOJISHI iM? jx JJjjj n. Dried flesh. 
HOJO ih j? 3 %$ 3fr n. Aid, help, assistance : 

sum, to aid, assist. 

Syn. TET8UDAI, TASUKE. 

HOJO ^*?i-'ytr -% ^ n. A monastery; a 

Buddhist priest. 

HOJO J^tr &VV $C (ikeru wo hanatsu) 
Setting free live things that have been con- 
fined (as birds, etc.), as a meritorious work or 
as offerings to the dead: Iwjo ye, a festival. 

HOJUTSU ;NT>S?J.? fl fff n. Musket exercise ; 
artillery tactics. 

HOJUTSU x\ # i? =L y Q ffj n. Magical arts : 

s///, a magician. 

HOKA * # #. Different, another, besides, ex- 
cept ; the others ; other part ; the rest ; outside, 
external : kono hoka ni fuile ga nai, I have no 
pencil except this ; hoka no hito, a different 
person ; hoka ye deta, he has gone out ; sono 
hoka, besides that, moreover; no koto dewa 
gozunmasen, nothing very special, or im- 
portant ; only, simply (used apologetically). 
Syn. YOSO, BETSU. 

HOKAGE Tjt # f X % n. The light of a fire 
or lamp : ni mint, to see by . 

HOKA-HOKA ?fr -ft -ft -fj adv. i.q. hoko-hoko. 

HOKAI * # xf ^f | n. A box or tub used 
for holding food. 
Syu. BENTO, 



HOKAKE Tjt -ft ? f* $ n. Hanging up the 

heads of rice to dry, or as offerings to the 

Kami. 
HOKAKEBUNE ^ # ? 7' 3* fa $ ffc n. A sail- 

boat ; a sailing ship. 
HOKAMURI -fr # -f] A 9 ^ ^ n. Covering the 

head with the handkerchief : wo suru. 
HOKAN ^ $ Ji v ^ ^ n. A pharmacopcea, 

medical formulary, receipt book. 
HOKAN 7fr##v ^^n. A manual, hand- 

book ; an example : yakumei , manual of 

materia medica. 
HOKAN -ft $ 1} f %t P1 (taiko-mochi) n. A 

buffoon, harlequin, mountebank, clown. 
HOKASHI,-SU ijt # ^. ^c "f t.v. (coll.) To throw 

away, cast away, fling away ; to pick or pull 

apart, unravel. 

Syu. HORU, NAGERU. 

fHoKE ifr jr $. ^c n. Father's house ; home. 

Syn. OYAZATO. 
HOKE.-RU ft $ fr A- i.v. Frayed, abraded, 

as cloth. 

HOKE.-RU ) Tfc ^ A- i.v. To be childish from old 
HOKE.-RU J age ; to be in one's dotage. 

Syn. OIBORERU. 

HOKEBOKE8HIKI,-KU-8HI Tjt ^ tf >T $s % adj. 

Silly ; foolish ; childish. 

Syn. OROKANARU, BOKETA. 
HOKE-DACHI,-T8U ^ ijt ^ jf ? I.V. (coll.) To be 

frayed, rubbed out, abraded. 

Syn. KEBADATSU, HOTSURERU. 

HOKEI ^ $ *r -\ -$? % n. A square figure or 
diagram : did , a parallelogram. 

HOKEISHI Tfc ^ 4 5s 1% Tf ^jji n. An advocate, 
intercessor. 

HOKEN ^ $ >r ^ & 5J n. The feudal 
system of government, in which the Daimyo, 
made all the official appointments, managed 
the revenues and all the affairs of his o\vu 
territory. 

HO-KEN v\ tj *r ^ ^. SR -^ n offering, or any- 
thing dedicated to a kami : turu, to de- 
dicate. 

HOKEN 7ft 2" v . $f ioJi] (takara no tsurugi) n. 
A sword such as is worn by the Kami or 
Tenshi. 

HOKEN) *^^v t^ Kx (<iy<mki wo nkeai) n. 

HOKEN J Insurance : suru, to insure; ryo, 
premium of ; gaisha , company ; A-u>a- 
sai , fire ; seimei , life ; kaiju f 
marine . 

HOKETSU &?? Till B3 (kake ogenan) Making 
good or supplying a deficiency : suru. 

HOKETSU s\ $ >r y fa ifa. (chi ico disu) Let- 
ting blood : kikai, an instrument for let- 
ting blood ; a scarificator. 

HOKEZUKI.-KU ijt ^ >r 7* 9 i.v. To look like a 
dead person ; cadaverous. 

HOKI >^>^% % n. A broom. 

HOKI ^N # ^ i| ^H (hachi no gotoku okoru) n. 
Rising in insurrection, or as a mob : turn, 
to rise in insurrection. 
Syn. IKKI. 

HOKI j\f?* ^fH (takara mono) A precious 
thing or valuable uteusil. 



HOK 



175 



HOM 



HOKIBOBHI ;N >x * itf is i|? ii n. A comet. 

Syn. KEISEI. 
HOKI-DASHI.-SU ***** t.v. (coll.) To spit 

out; eject from the mouth : i.q. /jfr/<?<i.m. 
fHoKUi T|C * f* n. A dangerous mountain 

road, or path. 
HOKIN ;N % v fp * (fcwni no oldie) n. The 

laws or prohibitions of a country. 
HOKI-TO # * > adv. Cracking, snapping: 

oni, to snap off. 
HOKKAI ft 9 -h 4 fr $ (Ma no i/mt) n. The 

Arctic ocean, North sea : do, Yeso. 
HOKKB * 9 < jr ; ||| n. The name of a sect 

of Buddhists : kyo, the sacred books of this 

sect. 
HOKKI * 7 * f J^ * wn/ to arise or spring 

up, set a-going; to start, set on foot, originate, 

inaugurate: nin, originator. 
HOKKOKU -to 9 * 9 ft E? (Mta n *" m ') n - 

: hern country. 
HOKKORI * y 3 >; adv. (coll.) Tired, fatigued : 



The north 



HOKKD ifr ? ^ f } n. A kind of verse con- 

sisting of 17 syllables. 
HOKKYOKU * 9 * a 9 -Ib $s 

pole : tei, the polar star. 
HOKO ift 3 $| n. A kind of spear ; a hal- 

berd : hoko-saki, the point of a spear. 
HOKO * a $ $r ft n. Walking ; *wru, to 

walk. 

n. ARUKU. 

HOKU * i> 3 $ $. n. Service; duty done to 
a master ; the labor, business, or duty of a 
servant : nru; wo tsutomuru, to perform 
the duties of a servant. 

^ # * $ 3r |pj n. Direction ; aim ; ob- 
ject; pursuit: wo sadameru; wo aya- 
mnnt. 

* t> 3 ^ } $ n. A feudal baron. 

HOKO ^ $ 9 v \TJ & (bnratsuki aruku) 
turn, to ramble, roam about. 

HAIKWAI. 

HOKOOI ifr 3 if n. A spear-shaped pale (of a 

HOKO. HOKO Tj 3 7h a ^1^1 a ^ v - Warm, com- 
;t>)le: kimnnn ic<> kitaraba $uru t by 
wearing clothes I become warm. 

'*$ 3 9 fi B3 (*w ni mtiXrtiyuru) n. 
Patriotism : no Lokorozashi ataushi. 
HOEOKC t\1j 13 9 fa % n. Communication, 
mesnage; a report (as of a committee): sho, 
ft * r : t ; wnt, to report. 

V 3 v ^r ^ n. Present time; now. 
' a n v A n. A servant: 

r sordid spirit. 

KUBA * 3 9 Jffl n. A small 
H; the tn-a of a mii/a. 

KI.-KU-SUI ih 3 9 ^ * adj. 
which one may be proud of, boast of, or exult 

HI * a f J$ n. Fine-duHt; a very small 
fraction : o<t tatiu, the dust rises ; wo 
to dust; harai, a duster; ga deru, 
there is a very small fraction over. 
8>n. CHIBI, OOMI. 



HOKORI,-RTJ 7^3/1- |% i.v. To be vain, proud, 
conceited, puffed up ; to vaunt ; to bonst ; to 
glory in ; to exult in : chikara ni hokoi-u, to be 
vain of one's strength ; ken-i ni hokottc hito wo 
misageru, to be vain of one's authority and 
despise others. 

Syu. JIMAN SURTT, KOMAN. 

IHOKORIKA NI Tj: 3 9 * ^ adv. Boastfully. 
HOKOROBI 7j* 3 p tf ' A rip or opening of a 

seam ; a rent, tear : tro nu, to sew up a rent. 
HOKOROBI.-BO Tfc 3 p ~? ^ i.v. Hipped open, 

as a seam ; torn ; to open, as flowers ; to 

bloom : nui-me (ja , the seam is ripped ; 

liana ga , the flower is open. 

Syn. HODOKERU, TOKERU. 

HOKU ifc 9 4b (kita) North : holsu-fu, north- 
wind. 

HOKUCHI Tjt 9 + )*C V . Tinder. 

HOKU-MEN Tfr 9 * ^ fa jfij n. The body-guard 
of the Tenshi, who stood facing the north, and 
the Emperor, who always sat facing the 
south : 7JO samurai, id. 

HOKDRO ifr 9 p 3 jT* n. A mole, freckle. 

HOKDSHIN 7* 9 is v Jh ]g u. The north star. 

HOKUSO 7}t 9 9 n. Tinder ; a mole. 
Syn. HOKUCHI. 

HOKUSOEMI.-MU & 9 y ^ A, $fc & i.v. To 
smile. Syn. HOHOEMU. 

HOKUSO WARAI ^ 9 y y =j b n. Laughing from 
joy ; a joyful laugh. 

HOKUTO Tfc 9 > $ jh 4- n. The constellation 
Great Bear, Ursa Major. 

HOKWA j\ $ 9 y $; ^X Setting on fire: ie ni 

snru, to set a house on fire. 
Syn. TSUKEBI. 

HOKWAI Tfr ^ 9 V 4 qj| H? (knzurem) *tru, 
to cave down ; fall or slide down, as part of a 
mountain. 

HOKWAN -fr tj 9 W ^. al (kaethi tatfTJiatiurit) 

m, to give back ; to return, restore (to 
the Emperor). 

HOKWATSD j^-fj 9 y 7 fet * wru > * m ' 

elude, comprehend, embrace. 
Ho- KYO * t> ^ a ^ ft ^ (a*u /twafcu) 

Fruitful and unfruitful, as a year. 
Hf.KYo >N t? * -V t> l ^f n. (med.) Phymosis. 
HOKYO -fc^ *y fr fe n. Salary ; wages ; sti- 
pend ; pay. Syu. KYORYO. 
HOMACHI ih -r f- n. Perquisite : Jror tra yatu 

tiw no dd, this is the officer's perquisite. 
HOMAE-SEN ih^^-tevfylftjfl&u. A sailing 

ship. 
HOMARK lit v u ^ n. Praise, eulogy, fame, 

renown, celebrity: tn> urmcaiu, to get 

renown ; tro torn, to gel praise. 
Syn. MKITO. 
v ft*s ,t jp. tifr n. Thn originftl placo 

from which any pUMluction has issued: cha 

no wa nji. 
HOMDU ih * -f & 05 n. Principal or head 

office. 
HOMBUKU +*-f9 ?fc fl[ (wofo y< fcrt^ru) n. 

Kestoration to health ; recovery from sickness: 

thita, restored to health. 

Byn. UMEWAI, XWAI-KI, NAOUI, ITB, UEIIU. 



HOM 



176 



HON 



IIOMBUN * V ? V &fr V. 0ne ' S 

proper office, natural obligation. 
HOMBUBI -fcffy n. A natural or steady 

rain, i.e. not a squall, or shower. 
HOME.-BU -ft ^ * ^ t.v. To praise, eulogize, 

commend, applaud, extol: hito wo , to praise 

another ; homuru wa soshiru no motoi (prov.), 

praise is the foundation of calumny. 
HOMEI ^ $ * J % % (lit. fragrant name) n. 

Fame ; good name. 
HOMEISHU ft $ * a^^. n. A kind of medicated 

sake. 
HOMBKI.-KU Tfr > 9 i$ i.v. To be like fire ; 

hot ; to have a fever : mi ga homeku, the body 

is hot. 

Syu. ATSUI. 
HOMEN >\t? * y 3r ifij ri. Direction ; side or 

quarter which one faces or moves towards. 
HOMEN s\ *? * ^ $. *fc n. (leg.) Release ; 

acquittal ; discharge ; a forerunner of a noble's 

train (obs.) : sum, to acquit, release. 
Syu. HANATSU. 

HOMKRABE.-RU ft * J ^ ** -jft ^ (paSS. of 

homerit) To be praised: hito ni . 

HOME-SOYASHI,-SU ft > V "V * $1 $ t.V. To 

praise and encourage ; to inspirit ; animate by 
praising ; to praise exceedingly. 
HOMMA ft i- v /. 4& (coll.) True, truth : de 
gozaimasu, it is true. 

Syn. HONTO, MAKOTO, SHINJITSU. 

HOHHABU ft vr *- jp. fa n. The inner part 

or citadel of a daimyo's castle. 
HOMMATSU ft v -r y &? ( mo * to * ue ) Rt 

and branches ; (fig.) beginning and end ; first 

and last ; the particulars : wo shiraleni. 
HOMMO fti/vf? ^ ig n. One's great desire, 

or principal object : wo togeru, to obtain 

one's desire. 
HOMMON ft v * v ? 3L n. The text of a 

commentary or of a book, as distinguished 

from the notes. 
HOMMYO ft*\V$ &% n - True or re *l 

name. 

Syn. JITSUMYO, NANOBI. 
HOMO ;s7Ti> k $0 (o&t'fe wo ami) The net 

of the law : tsumi wo okashite ni kakaru. 
HO-MOMEN ft * jits fa&lffi n. Sail-cloth ; 

canvas. 
HOMON s\ $ ^ v flgj P3 n. A port-hole, port, 

embrasure. 
HOMON ft ^ v <i 3t n - The Bud. canonical 

books, words or writings: wo toku, to 

explain . 
HOMONO ^^ =^ } & |k n. Creeping thing ; 

insect ; reptile. 
HOMOTSU ft ty qe y ^ l$fy (sasage mono) n. 

Offerings to the Kami or Hotoke. 
HOMOTSU s\f?^y ^ % (takara) n. Things 

valued, prized and rnre. 
HOMPO *-/,*$ >^ fp (wag a kuni) My 

country; this country. 
HOMDBA ft A 7 ^ n. The flame of fire : 

wo moyasu, to be inflamed with anger or 

jealousy ; mune no . 
Syu. BONO. 



HOMURI >>N ^ A 9 j^l n. Interment, burial, 

sepulture, inhumation. 
HOMUBI,-BU >>N ^ J fl* ^| t.v. To bury a dead 

person ; to inter : haka ni , to bury in a 

grave. 

Syn. UZUMERU. 
HOMYAKU s^7 * 9 V& 1^ n. Doctrines, 

teachings of Buddha. 
H5MY5 ^ ? S -V ^ *Ji ^ n- The name given 

to a deceased person by the Buddhists ; posthu- 
mous name. 

Syn. KAIMYO, HOOO, 
HON -fr $> ;. n. A book: wo arawasu, to 

publish a book; wo han ni okosu, id.; 

wo kaku, to write a book ; wo tsuknru, 
to make a book ; wo yomu, to read a book ; 

wo tojiru, to bind a book ; wo utsusu, to 
copy a book. 

Syn. SHOMOTSU, BHOAKU. 

HON ft v ;. Original ; principal ; main ; true ; 
real ; genuine ; fixed ; settled ; present ; nu- 
meral for pencils, posts, sticks, masts, etc.: 

jitsu, to day ; nen, this year ; hon- 
neden, fixed price ; hashira ippon, one mast ; 
fude ni hon, two pencils ; getsu, this 
month ; ya, main building. 

HONAMI Tfc -^ 5 $$ 3 n. The even rows of 
the ears of rice, or of any grain. 

HONCHO ft */ ^ # ^ ^ n. One's native coun- 
try, Japan. Syn. WAOAKUNI. 

HONCHOSHI 7frV7- *> 4:|^^ n. The key 
note. 

HONDANA Tjv^^^:J^n. A book case. 

HONDANA ifcv^-h Jf n. The original or 
principal store. 

HONDO * v ^ i> ;$: r n. The main or prin- 
cipal part of a temple. 

HONDO -ftzsjf'fr $. ig n. Internal treatment 
of disease (not surgery). 

HONKOKU ft v 3 ^ n. The silk stuff of which 
women's belts are made. 

HONE ft -f- r$ n. A bone : no tsugai, tho 
articulation of a bone ; wo nodo ni tateru, 
to get a bone in the throat ; wo oru, to 
break a bone ; (fig.) to be industrious, la- 
borious ; wo chigaeru, to dislocate a bone ; 

wo kujiku, to sprain a bone; wo tsugn, 
to set a dislocated bone ; mi ni tessuru, to 
pierce through the flesh and bones, feel deeply ; 

ico oshimu, to spare one's self, dislike the 
labor or trouble ; clwchin no , the bamboo 
ribs of a lantern ; shdji no , the frame of 
a screen ; ogi no , the sticks of a fan. 

HONE-CHIOAI Tfc ^ f- if b ! at n. Dislocation 

of a bone. 
HONEQAKAMI ftZ-H'? S %$ $. n. Rheumatic 

pains in the bones. 
HONEGUMI -fc3- >f rf- f. n. The knitting 

together of the bones ; the bony frame ; the 

framework: no taktunashii hito, a man 

strongly knit together. 
HONEN ifri^v g tf- (yutakana toshi) A 

fruitful year. 
HONE-NASHI -ft 3* + $, n. (coll.) Without 

bones ; softouiug of the bones. 



HON 



177 



HOXE-ORI # 3- j 9 4* ^ n - Labor, toil, 
industry, activity, exertion : shiyoto, Lard 
\vork. 

Syn TAIC.I. 

HONK-OIU.-RU Tfc J n- $ # i-v. To be 
laborious; to toil, work hard; to be industri- 
ous, diligent: hnnrotte uhl/joto wo sum, to 

r diligently at one's work. 

HONEPPOI -fc 3- y tf J Full of bones (as a fish) ; 
bony, thin, emaciated ; (met.) disputatious, 
quarrelsome. 

i ft 3. y if }% 'a* n - Bone-setting: 
i, a bone-setter; wo turn, to set 
bones. 

x Ttrv/v / ^ n - Origin. 
^GO Tfrv rf u. Waste paper ; i.q. hofin. 
,OKU * v aV 4^ gj (moto no kuni) Native 
country. 

YAKO 7ftv^-Y^;5jVn. Eebellion, 
revolt, sedition: ico kuicadatiuru, to plan 
rebellion. 

HOJM 7frv>f 4^ n - Desire, mind, inten- 
tion, object, inclination, purpose : ni 
kaniiu, to accord with one's mind; ni so- 
mnku. to be contrary to one's inclination. 
i -fr^R 4^ li n - Standard of money: 

kic>i-hei, standard coin. 

Hoxix ft ^^ jft '& sitru, to appoint or as- 
to an office or duty. 

XIXKWAX. 

i Tfc v i? 4 1 * "^T n. The original or first 

temple, from which others have branched off. 

HOXJIX 7ft vfv 4^ F$ n. The headquarters 

of an encampment ; the hotel where a daiinyo 

stopped in traveling. 

ITSO TftvjJ? ; fl n. This day; to- 
day ; same day. 

;: Tfr ^ >r 4^ 5R (mnto no ie) n. The 
homestead, the principal family. 

: t, 3- ^ /. if n. This year ; same 

^^ /. adv. (coll.) Truly, indeed, 
really. 

- MAKOTO-KI, JITSD-NI. 

.}t v ^ $" $. A n. The principal, 
.u, ringleader. 

vix. 

^ ^ * 4^ fie n - Natural ability or 
power ; instinct (of animals). 

> ft v ) y adv. (coll.) With a slight 
<h of redness, lightly shaded: t/o go. 

al. 

> * ^ n. The flame of fire : ga 
mffam. Sjrn. KWATKX. 

h '> -^ ^ |fc 33? (o<rm( tatfmattiirtt) 
Anything presented or dedicated to the kami : 

turn, vie or present to the kniui ; 

i, a dance before a Mn/.i in honor of 

Hono-noxo 7f ) :J f ; ndv. Pi:nly, dn 

ol>s iinrn ti'i/iuii'i no ttnki, 

of the moon above the distant 

- mifnt, d no 

Bl ' I will come at the early dawn 



HOXO-GUIUI,-KI-KU ijt >; /7 >f adj. Dim or 
gray twilight; obscure: uchi ni, while it 18 
yet twilight. 

HONOOURE -fc ) ? \s ^ ^ n. The evening 
twilight. 

HOXOKA xi Tfc ) -ft n ^ > Dimly, indistinctly, 
obscurely, slightly, faintly : 711 kiku, to hear 
indistinctly ; mint, to see dimly. 

Syn. KASUKA-NI. BONYART. 

HoNOMEKAsni,-su Tjt ) * * ^. t.v. To allude 
to, mention incidentally ; to hint at ; to touch 
slightly upon : maemotte honoinckasliite uktt, 
to allude to a matter beforehand. 

HOXOMEKI,-KU ft ) * 9 i.v. To fdune with a 
dim light; to be indistinctly heard, or seen; 
kiimo-md ktira tanki ga Jionomeku, the moon 
shines dimly between the clouds. 

HONO NI Tjx ) adv. Dimly ; obscurely ; in- 
distinctly. 

HOXRAI Tit v 7 4 ?$. 2j$ (motoynri) Originally ; 
from the beginning; from the firat; truly; 
heretofore. 
Syn. OWAXRAI. 

HONSAI ft */-f 4 /fc. '.} (mnto no ttuma) n. The 
real wife, as distinguished from the con- 
cubine. 

HON-SEKI -ft v ^ % 4^ la u - Real or true 
citizenship. 

HOXSHIKI 7 jt v >< ^ 4^ ft, The due form, 
full or complete mode ; all the forms and 
ceremonies without curtailing any: ni 
sum. 

HONSHIN ^v^ v 4^ '9 (" l ' no Kolioro) n. 
The right mind; the mind in its original state, 
free from evil and uucorrupted ; the con- 
science : ni tachikaeru, to return to one's 
right mind; to reform the life ; ni shitnynii, 
to act according to right reason or conscience ; 

wo nshinan, to lose one's mind ; to act like 
one destitute of reason. 

Hoxsno ft v ^ 3 >fc ^ n. The head office 

(of police). 
HONSHO rft v x -Y $ 4^ tt n - One's original 

or natural disposition ; true character : tm- 

wayoi tiiflawnzu, a drunken man acts trno 

to his nature; ga tsuita, has come to his 

senses. 
HONSHOKU ijt v is 3 9 #- j& n. Principal 

business, or occupation. 
HONSHOKU ^v^a^ ^:^n. True or 

character ; characteristic. 
HONSO ih v^ ^^ (JMthirn) turn, to 

go or walk about : {thuya n/'V 1 ' ni acln.'. 

num. the doctor goes about here and 
there prescribing for the sick. 

M ihvj>f 4^ 1 n - True form, real 

Ml! \. jltt.ll. 

VKU -frv * 9 ^ ^ (roofo no i>) n. Tho 

liiiinostcad ; the mansion, or original place of 

residence. 
HONTK, or HOT 4tvT ^^ n > An Honeil 

or true grip in wrestling, of . are 

said to be 48 kinds. 
HONTKI 4t v T >f >. Jjfl n. Piiucipal real 

dcuco of a uoblc. 



HON 



178 



HOR 



HONTO -ft 



* (coll.) True; real; 



genuine : ka mo lea, is it true or false? 
de gozarimasu, it is true; ni shirimasen, 
indeed I don't know. 

Syu. MAKOXO, jixsn. 
HONUI -fa 5? b n. A sail-maker. 
HONUNO vjt* y ^/L ^7 n. Sail-cloth; canvas. 

Syn. HOMOMEN. 
HONYA 7j vV -2f EC n. A book store. 

Syn. SHOIIIN 
HONYAKU vjt W ^ $Jij C? n - A- translation: 

suru, to translate, to interpret, render 
into another language; kyoku, the trans- 
lating department ; slut, a translator ; 
yei-go ivo wa-yo ni , to translate from the 
English language into the Japanese. 

Syn. NAOSU, uxsuso. 
HONYEI 7fci^>f ilf. r$ n. Headquarters in 

an encampment. 
HO-NYO T}X ^ '$ L (chichi wo nomaseru) n. 

Lactation ; giving suck. 
HONZAN * v-^v j ilj n. The head temple 

of a Bud. sect. 
HONZEN ?h>"tfv / $& (iofo yw sltllmru) 

Natural, not acquired ; inborn ; native ; con- 

nate : no sei. 

Syn. TEMPU, KOTO. 
HONZEN & ^ & v ^ j}^ n. The principal 

table at an entertainment. 

HONZO-GAKU TfcS'lffr #*^ 7$: 3 3* U ' Tne 

science of botany. 

Syn. 8HOKUBUTSU-GAKU. 

HONZO-KA -& is Wu $. 1 $t n. A botanist. 
HONZON -fa vy* v 4- ^ 11. The principal idol 

iu a Buddhist temple ; (fig.) chief object of 

respect. 
HONZO-SHO ifc v / *" 3 ;$: j ^ n. A bo- 

tanical book. 
Ho-o ->\ # y tj } 5. n. A Mikado who lias 

retired from the throne and shaved his head, 

or become a bonze : Roma no , the pope. 
Ho-o tft i> y \> JfJ, ^ n. The name of a 

fabulous bird, the phoenix, said not to eat live 

insects, nor to tread on green grass. 
Ho ON />>#?>' ^g ^ (ongaeshi) n. Requit- 

ing favors ; thankfulness for benefits received: 

no tame ni segnki sum. 

HOPPO -frp^t; Jt^T (kitanolw) n. The 
north. 

HORA # 7 }f&] n. A cave, cavern : "ana, a 
cave. 

HORA, or HORAGAI ^ 5 ; ^ n. A conch- 
shell, used for blowing : 100 fuku, to blow 
a conch ; to exaggerate. 

HORA-FUKI #77* vi ^ <> n. One who 
exaggerates ; a blower. 

HORAI # ^ 7 >f ^ ^ n. The name of a 
fabulous mountain in the sea where the 
sen-nin reside in immortal youth and hap- 
piness ; Elysium ; also, a representation of 
the above in miniature, often presented to a 
newly-married couple : Hdrai-sun, theElysian 
mountain. ' Syn. SHIMA-DAI. 

HOUAIJI-YURI 4c 9 7- 4 s? a> 9 n. The Lilium 
aura turn. 



HORAKU tft 7 7 ^ -J:t ^ n. Religious en- 
tertainments, or theatrical exhibitions, iu the 
presence of idols, which they aie supposed to 
take pleasure in : shi-tatemntsnrn. 

HORASE,-RU 7ft 7 -b ;v 4^ iS (caust of horu) To 
get another to dig or carve. 

HOUATSU ;N & 7 y $c J^f (coll.) Profligate, 
dissolute, abandoned: na mono, a dissolute, 
profligate person. 

Syn. BURAI, HOTO, DORAKU. 

HORE.-RU # isiis |g i.v. To be carved, en- 
graved, sculptured, dug out, excavated, worn 
into hollows : kono isJii wa amadare de horeta, 
this stone is hollowed by the rain-drops ; 
kono ji wo horeru ka, can you engrave this 
letter ? katakute horenai, it is too hard to be 
engraved. 

HORE.-RU # UA* ^ i.v. To dote; to be silly 
from age ; to be old and childish. Same as 
boreru. 

Syn. OI-BORERU, BOKERU. 

HORE,-RU -fa \s ** i.v. To be in love with : 
u"<it<ikit*hi ten ano anna ni Iwreta, I am in love 
with that woman; onna ni horerareta, to be 
loved by a woman ; vnubore (onolore), self- 
esteem. 

Syn. REMBO, KOISHITAU, OKKOCHIRU. 

HORE-BORE -fr i"tf \s adv. In love with, fasci- 
nated, charmed, enraptured ; old and childish : 
ano liito ni wa shitu. 

HOREGUSCRI # v ? ^ 9 Jg ^ n. Aphro- 
disiac medicine, philter. 

HOREI s\-y \*4 fe pi] n. Common custom ; 
customary usage ; ordinance. 
Syn. HOSHIKI. 

HOREI j\~? \s 4 yfc Q- n. Edict ; decree. 

HORE-KOMI.-MU -ft u =t A i.v. To be deeply 
in love with ; to be fascinated, enamored, 
charmed, smitten with : kono hon ni Jiorckonde 
tiikuku katta, I was charmed with the book 
and paid a high price for it. 

HOREN Tjt^w ^orj^,^ n. The pearly or 
phcenix chariot the name of the Mikako'a 
chariot. 

HOREKSO j\ $ is z/ $" ty $t lii ^ n ' Spinach, 
Spiuacea inermis. 

HORI ifr 9 /S n - -A- canal : wo horn, to dig 
a canal ; wo nmeru, to fill up a canal. 

HORI >N # 9 ~% M. n. Square miles. 

HORI.-RU # ^ $g t- v - ' di g excavate ; to 
quarry; to carve, engrave, sculpture; to tattoo: 
tsnchi wo , to dig the ground ; ido u~o , to 
dig a well ; ki no , to carve wood ; to dig up a 
tree ; ishi wo , to engrave a stone, to 
sculpture ; nomi de , to cut with a chisel. 
Syn. UQATSU, KIZAMU. 

HORI.-RU s^ 7 ti> t.v. To throw, fling, cast: 
hdtte oke, let alone, don't meddle with it. 
Syn. NAGERU. 

HORI-AGE ifc 9 f tf n. Carved in relief ; em- 
bossed. 

HORI-AGE,-RU i|t 974**' t.v. To finish carv- 
ing, or digging. 

HORI-DASHI.-SU ?fc 9 jf-x. f& sH t-v. To dig 
out, dig up: sekitan wo , to dig out coal. 



HOR 



179 



HOS 



H<~ini -DAsm.-BU >^ 7 } ) jf *> t.v. (coll.) To 

throw out, fling out, cast out. 
HOKIGATA 7ft y iff n. A stencil. 
Hor.i HIUAKI.-KU rft 9 b 7 9 && ffl t- v ' To 

dig open, to uncover by digging. 

Honi-KAESHI,-SD # 9 ft ^ X. jj& ifg t.V. To 

dig up again anything that has been buried: 
/MI AVI JCQ , to dig open a grave. 

Hom-KAKE,-RU T|C 9 2r *- j& $. t.v. To 
cover up by digging; to commence to dig. 

HOKIKI -fr 9 * n. The moat around a slriro. 

HOUI-KOMI.-MU Jt 9 3 A iS a* t.v. To dig 
into, enter by digging.- 

HORI-KUJIRI.-RU Tfc 9 9 s? A' ^] |fe t.v. To 
gouge or scoop out with a chisel or spade. 

: Kiv.rsHi,-su *9^5f* f$ i& t.v. To 
dig down, as a hill or wall. 

.MONO ijt 9 % J $2 $P B. A carving, 
engraving. 

HORI-MOXO-SHI 7h 9 ^ .7 >" !H $7 $ n. A 
carver, engraver, sculptor. 

HORI-NCKI,-KU # 9 51 9 &H t.v. To dig 
through, as a wall. 

HORINUKI-IDO ifr 9 5? * -f ^ n. Artesian well. 
;-su ^ y 9 3 vi ^ n. Law, ordinance, 
regulation, institution : 0a&u, jurispru- 
dence; sho, law-book; gakko, law- 
school. 

HORITSCKA ^7 9 y u vi ? n - A jurist, 
lawyer. 

HORIWARI ft 9 9 9 i $] n. A canal. 

HORO # P $| n. A kind of hood stuffed with 
ton, and worn by cavalry to protect the 
back ; an awning : basha no , a carriage 
top. 

HOP.OBA Tjt p sf n. i.q. heraba. 

HOROBI.-BU Tfr R 7* i.v. Destroyed, over- 
thrown, ruined : Jtuni, ie, thiro, mi, thindai 
nado ga horobiru, a country, house, castle, 
self, or property is destroyed. 

M. TSUBURERU, METSUBO 8ITBU. 

HOBOBOSHI.-SU ifc R jtf :*. t.v. To destroy, 
overthrow, ruin : teki no kuni wo , to 
troy an enemy's country; mi wo , to de- 
troy one's self. 
. TSUBDSU. 
HOROOAYA Tjtp^-v n. A small mosquito net 

for children. 
HOBOHA 7h P ;> n. The feathers on the side 

and under the wing of a bird. 
lono-noRo TO ijt P 4t P f adv. Appearance of 
fruit, leaves, or drops of rain falling, or the 
ound of crying : to naku; namida kobore 
ochirn, the tears fell in drops, 
lo-moxu * i> p 9 j% ffi n. The salary or pay 
of an official. Syn. TAXI 

KU ih^p^ V>^n. A shallow earthen 

dish URcd in baking : chdren, a sham battle 

in which the soHicrs wore an earthen dish 

n the hend ; those whose dish was broken 

were hon de comlnt. 

!KKi.-Kn ft n > 9 i.v. To be boiled or 
baked to that the particles are dry or not 
stuck together; loose in texture : kono meihi 



Ho- RON ^N 7 p */ vi f^ n. A debate or dis- 
cussion on religious subjects : wo sum, to 
argue on religious subjects. 

HORORITO ^ P y > adv. The manner of tears 
falling: namidti wo nagasu, to shed tears. 

HORORO & u n adv. The crying of the phea- 
sant : to naku; ittsu, the drumming of a 
pheasant with its wings. 

HOROROOE.-RU ;}tppy>u t.v. Toscatter, or 
separate the parts of anything bound or knit 
together ; to take to pieces : sndari wo . 

HOROSHI # P l> $ 4 ". The iron pivot on 
which the upper mill-stone rotates. 

HOROYOI, or HOROYEI # P 3 b fft g$ Half 
drunk ; partially intoxicated : ni nutta. 

HORDTOOARD **!** ^ $J }Jt ^ ^f Por- 

tugal : no abura, olive oil. 
HOSA ijt -1J- ^| ^ (tasulieru) sum, to aid, 

assist; to act as guardian; no thin, the 

minister of a prince. 

Syn. HOYOKU. 
HOSAKU # -9- 9 g f n. A fine crop ; an 

abundant harvest. 
HOSAN * ? >< H It *, (chem.) Boracio 

acid. 
HOSARE.-RU Tjt^u/u ^ i.v. To be appointed 

to an office. Syn. NINZURU. 
HOSATSU >N $ IT y * %L n. Your fragrant 

letter ; your delightful letter. 
HOSEI j\ $ -b 4 -% j (tadashiki) Upright ; 

just : hinko no Into. 
HOSEI s\ $ -b 4 fp ^i) (kuni no tatekata) Form 

of government of a country. 
HOSEKI ^N ijr -fe ^ 3^ jffi (tsunugu) n. Spin* 

ning : fcf, spinning machine ; ba, spin- 
ning factory. 
HOSENKWA Tjt^-tev^y M.f^if$ n ' The 

balsam, or lady's slipper, Impaticus balsa- 

mina. 

HOSHA 7}t ^ 2^-Y 01 f> n. Borax. 
HOSHA Tjt # i> -V ^g $ft n. Alms, charity : 

ico negau, to ask alms. 

HOSHAKU 7h ^ -V ^ l U n. Bail, security : 

suru, to bail, go security ; ni/i, the 
bail ; A-in, money. 

fHosni s\ $ *s n. Same as hyoshi, beating 

time to music. 
Hosni ,jt $ i/ vi W n - A honze, Buddhist 

priest : go, the child of . 
HOSHI ih ^ -^ ^ Your agreeable intention 

(used only in letters); go no dan ariyatnthi, 

thank you for your kind wishes. 
HOSHI j\ l, fo & (hothiimama) Unre- 
strained ; unscrupulous ; loose ; unprincipled ; 

dissolute. 

^ $ 8" ^T Jr n. A magician. 
HOSBI ijt 5^ g. n. A star ; a white speck on 

the cornea ; the centre of a target : a spot : 

Tit <if<iri/, to hit the nail; wo itu . 
IZMI-M, to go out while the stars are atill 
shining. 

i.-su *^ <t t- v To dry, desiccate: 
hi ni , to dry in the sun ; hi fa , to dry 
at the fire. 
Syn. 



EOS 



180 



HOS 



HOSHI.-SU #*, t;H t- v ' To appoint to an 
oflice ; to supply a place with an official : kwan 
ni liosu. 

HOSIII-AI 7ft ^ 7 b n. The meeting of the two 
stars, Aquila and Vega, herdsman and weaver. 

Syn. TANABATA. 

HOSHIBUDO 7ft i/ -/ $f V n. Raisins ; dried 
grapes. 

HOSHIGARI.-RU & I? If a* $C t.v. To desire, 
want, long after; to be covetous: kouo ezti 
wo Idto ga , people are desirous of having 
this picture. 

HOSHI-I 7ft I/ J( b $| n. Rice boiled and dried. 

IIosim,-Ki-SHi 7ft ^ 4 ^ adj. Wanting; de- 
siring; wishing for: sake ga , I want some 
sake; kore ga liosliii ka,do you want this? yoi 
Isuma wo mon dn, I want a good wife. 

DosmiMAMA -fa 2x 4 -T v ^ In one's own way ; 
as one pleases or likes : ni sum, to do as 
one pleases ; kodomo wo ni saxete okeba 
liuratau ni naru, if you let a child have its 
own way it will become a profligate. 
Syn. WAOAMAMA. 

IIOSHIKA -ft l> U =f- %fi n. A kind of dried fish, 
dried sardines (used as manure). 

Hosnixx s^7 -/% v-& 3$, n. Established rule, 
usage, law, or custom. 
Syn. JOUEI. 

IIosiiiKD, or HOSHU -fa I* ? fc adv. Desirous 
of, wishing for, wanting: nani mo nai,l 
don't want anything; kane ga hoshikuba 
akindoni nare, if you want money be a 
merchant. 

HOSHIKUZURE -ft $s 9 +? u n. Ulcer of the 
cornea. 

HOSHI-MADARA. & jx * jt *) adj. Speckled ; 
spotted. 

HOSHI-SIATSURI Tftjxv? 9 ji n. Star- 
festival, held on the 7th day * of the 7th 
month (o.c.) ; also a festival held to counteract 
the evil influences of the ruling star. 

HOSHI-MAYOI 7ft i' T 3 b n. Disturbance or 
disorder among the stnrs (in astrology). 

HOSHI-MISE 7ft >x S -k ^f- r^ n. Selling in the 
open air, where the wares are spread on a 
mat. 

HOSHIN J^ $ 3s f -fa it? (coll.) Insanity ; mad- 
ness ; lunacy : mono, an insane person. 

HOSHIN s\ 7 is is . f u. The spiritual body 
(Budd.), supposed to be immortal. 

HOSHINNO ;^7 Sx v-h ; fJl 3L n. A son of 
the Mikado who becomes a bonze and re- 
sides in a monastery. 

Hosni-zuKi-YO tf^'/^n n. A starry moon- 
light night. 

Hosno ft I, ^ t? (^ |S n - Security ; guaranty ; 
warranty: snnt, to go security; to 
guarantee, certify; kin, money security; 
MI'M, bondsman, surety. 

HOSHO ^^5x3^^n. A kind of fine 
paper ; also, a letter from the Shdgun. 

HOSHO ;N 2^ 3 ^ ^ u. Your delightful 
letter. 

Hosno >N ^ >/ 3 -% =: n. Ciystal ; quartz. 

, M1ZUTOBDTAMA. 



HOSHO vfc^^-Y^ *& "ft sum, to praise, 
to reward. 

HOSHOKU Tjk fy *> 3 ^ -^ ?^ n. Occupying an 
oflice ; being in oflice : cliu ni kwankin wo 
munnn, 

HOSHO-NIN ^ix-V^ v l^fiA (ultenin) n. 
Security ; surety ; bail. 

HOSHOBI.-RU -fc */ 3 ^ t.v. (coll.) To break : 
bo wo , to break a pole. 

HOSHU ;\T>6^3. i%.2f- Conservative; opposed 
to change or progress: to, conservative 
party; ka, a conservative. 
Syn. INJUN. 

HO-SHU >>N<> Jxa. g ^ n. Archbishop. 

HOSHO >\t? i/^ $g 194 (mit/cMi) n. Requital, 
retribution. 

Hoso or Hozo ^ y )$f n. The navel : no 
o, navel string, umbilical cord : wo kamu, 
to bite the navel, to repent deeply, feel 
regret, remorse. Syn. HESO. 

Hoso Tft y #fl Fine, slender (same as hosoi): used 
only in compound words. 

Hoso ijt y $ n. The foot-stalk or peduncle 
of fruit or flower. 

Hoso -fc ij y $Hfo (mi-kurai) n. The throne, 
reign (of the Emperor) : man-man zai. 

Hoso ;M> y ^ n. A present; a bribe: 
tco ukeni. 

Syn. MAINAI-MONO. 

Hoso >>N ^ -9- # fa % n. The small-pox : 
wo sum, to have the small-pox; garni, the 
god of small-pox ; uebdsu, inoculation, vac- 
cination ; ga huyaru, the small-pox is 
prevalent. 

HOSO-BIKI ,fr y t** Jg j^J n. A kind of rope, 
or cord made of hemp. 

HOSODONO & y $ } Jgft n. A corridor, or 
gallery leading from one building to another. 
Syu. ROKA. 

Hosoi,-Ki-KU-sm -ft y 4 $3 adj. Fine, 
slender, narrow, delicate, thin, small: 7/0, 
fine thread; michi ga , the road is narn.w; 
te ashi ga hosoi, tlie limbs are slender, or 
thin ; koe, a low voice; slrinxJio gn , his 
property is small ; futoi, line and coarse; 
kukoro ga , to be weak-minded ; husuku 
nnru, to become slender; husokn sum, to 
make fine; me wo hosokit sum, to nearly close 
the eyes; hosokute mienai, it is too fiue to 
be seen. 

HOSOKE -ft y jr n. A counter-fire; setting the 
grass on fire and clearing it off so as to 
escape an advancing fire on the prairie. 
Syn. MUKAim. 

HOSOKKOI.-KU # y y =3 J adj. (coll.) Same as 
hosoi. 

HOSOKU s\ y y ? -J &] n. Rule, law. 
Syn. KISOKU, HORITSU. 

HOSO-MAYU ft y v 3. #m Tjj n. Delicate eye- 
brows. 

HOSOME * V ,* ?nj n. Eyes slightly open; 
a narrow crack: to u-o hosome ni akete yuki 
wo mim, to open the door a little and look 
out at the snow; de mim, to look with 
the eyes partly closed. 



EOS 



181 



HOT 



HOSOME,-RU fty * ** $3 t.v. To make fine, 
thin, slender, or delicate : mi ico , make 
one's self thin and delicate; hoe wo hosomete 
I'M, to speak in a low voice. 
HOSOMICUI Tfc y $ f 3 ;?? u. A narrow road, 
path. 

x Tfr V v (^ iff (tamochi) u. Preserva- 
tion from decay : *//;>/, to pr 

XAI;AI Tfr y -h ** >f JKJ -& adj. Long and 
.uler ; attenuated ; slim. 

Yf n - A fine, shrill voice, 
or sound. 

ot V JL ) 3 3fr n. Fine muslin, 
rass-cloth. 

" Tjt y n* $3 i.v. To become small, 
nder, delicate ; to lose flesh, become 
< 1: fil.okuji tea Jiibi ni , the appetite 
daily became less. . 

.:- y y $- <$ n. Foot soldier, 
in fun try. 

. HOHr.T. ASHIGARU. 

HOSOWATA -fc y 7 # ffi, n. The placenta. 

KNA. XOCIIIZAX. 

V<;I,-GU # y -v / i.v. To be thin, 
slender, slim, delicate: liosoyagitam vdc. 

VAKA Tfc y -Y 2; adj. Thin ; slender; slim; 

: meaprre. 

^ * ? T f ft n. (med.) The paroxysm 
. -oase : rfo/ci, crisis. 

"Ku ft y *> ** ^ i.v. To wish, 
ant. 

NK<!AC, NOZOMTT. 

:x Tfty^-v $it? n. The springing 
up of a new heart, conversion, or turning 
from vicious habits to a moral life: (Bud.) 

shite bozit ni naru, to be converted and 
become a priest. 

KD Tfc y y 9 | Starting or setting 
out on a journey on foot. 

DETACHI, RETOTTATSn. 

'SHO Th?^^ Vi^^ n- The 
name of a Buddhist sect now extinct. 
Hosso * 7 * ffi 3- n. A brush of long white 

arried by Buddhist priests. 
!iu 7^ 7 * ^ See hosshi. 
HOBO 7ft *. Seo ;/o*//t. 

B * * ^. y & n- The cords by which 
secured to the head. 

KK. 

'>^v ;/ ^- n. The heart, mind: 

no wr// 1 ?//', in the mind. 

HOT i..\ n. The stocks. 

Syu. ASHIKASE. 

.}; it n. Stump of a tree; block of 
BOTARVI / wood. 

KL 

'9 \' n. A fire covcrrd with ashes 

out. 

r,-nu * * *. A, ^ i.v. (coll.) To piny ; 
mp. 

. JAUKBU. 

' $ * 4 $P ^ A bandage for a 

' * 4 & n. A fort, fortification : 

ico kteuk*. 



HOTAI **> ? 4 & %l uru, to receive re- 

spectfully from the tenshi. 
HOTAI-KOTSU ijt f 4 3 y n. The fibula. 
HoTAxn T} ^ ? ^ |g ^? (megnmi) Imperial 

benefactions: tnmi ni kmlini. 
HOTAN -ft \> ft v ^ f]- n. The name of a 

nostrum much used, composed of camphor, 

peppermint, etc. 

HOTARU * % >u | n. A fire-fly. 
HOTARUBI ^ ? * u' & X. 11. The light of the 

fire-fly. 
HOTATEOAI # * 7- if 4 ^/L ^L Jl n. A kind of 

shell-fish, the Nautilus. 

HOTE # ? ifH ^ n. The clew-lines of a sail. 
fHoTE Tjt T n. i.q. sr/a'/on. 
HOTEI ^^T^f ^.^- (sasarje tatcmatsuni) 

Presenting, offering up, handing up: koktislio 

mn/, presenting one's credentials. 
HOTEI >^77->f >i g u. (leg.) A court of 

justice; the bar, tribunal. 

Syn. SAIBAXSHO. 
HOTE-HOTE 7ft 7' #7* adv. Large, corpulent, 

big-belled: fittotte iru,io be fat and cor- 

pulent. 
HOTEPPARA ^ 7- y *\ 7 n. (coll.) The belly : 

yari de tro tsnki-nnku, to run the belly 

through with a spear. 
HOTERI ^7*9 $& n. Heat ; burning ; a smart- 

ing or burning pain: him no de yoru mo 

atsui, owing to the heat of the day the night 

is also hot. 
HOTERI,-RU # 7- A- sjft i.v. To be hot, burning; 

to smart: kao fja , the face burns ; mimt ga 

, the ears burn. 
Syu. NESSDRU. 

HOTO s^t? ?*? #C $$ Profligate ; dissolute ; 

abandoned to vice : musuko. 

Syn. HORATSU. 
HOTO 7ft t> + V ^L ^ n. Lights placed before 

idols ; the lanterns m tern: 
HOTO Tfr -fj ft # ^ ^ (kotue tdtematsitrn) 

fiint, to answer, reply, respond to the I'-in- 

peror : chokuyo ni snni. 
HOTO ^ ^ H 7 ^ ^ r, to recompense, 

requite, retaliate. Syn. MDKUI. 
HOTOBAKASHI ) -ft h ,* x. t.v. To soften by 
HOTOBASHI,-SU j steeping in water : w'/.vu 

, to soften gluo in i 
HOTOBASHIRI.-BU ifth/xi'A- ^J Scohodoba- 



HOTOBI.-RU ifrhb*' 1 - i.v. To be softened, or 

to swell I.v sl.-i'piiif,' in wati-r. 
HoTOBoni -fa Y- jJ' 9 n. The lu'at rrmnining in 
any; i ln-ing lie-sited: hetttui no , 

tlie lieut remaining in a fin 
HoTonoiir,-nu ?h h jjf n- i.v. T> 1-c hot. wnrm, 
: hraf (a^ of anything tluit 
.;cd with lire): /'. n>,t>ln Imtobotte 

II U. 

HOTO TO 7ft ) rft h h ad uixl 

nuiile I'.v bwUiog ' ping: to tco 

uchi-tat*k*t ! 

HoTOKR 7h h > yfo n 

the (li\iui!..s \\,.isliipje.l liy tlie Hll'ldlliitS, 

all originally human ; a dead bo'lv ; 



HOT 



182 



HOZ 



the soul of the dead : no zd, an idol ; 
no mei-nichi, the anniversary of a death ; 
wo liwan-oke ni irern, to put a dead body into 
a coffin ; iki-botoke, one who by his virtue re- 
sembles the hotoke; tsukuri, a maker of 
idols. 

HOTOKENO-ZA ft > >? } tf \%> jg n. Clover. 
Syn. OENQE. 

HOTOKE -ZUKURI -ft h jr *f 9 9 n. Looking 
like a dead person ; cadaverous. 
Syn. HOKEZUKU. 

HOTOKU j\ *? 1* ^ %% #| (soshiri) n. Blas- 
phemy ; calumny. 

HOTONDO -ft h f 1* J adv. In great danger ; 
almost ; well-nigh ; nearly ; greatly ; very much : 
mizu ni ochin to sum, came near falling 
into the water ; komaru, greatly troubled. 
Syn. SUDE-NI, YOPPODO. 

HOTORI ft h 9 i$ n. Neighborhood, vicinity : 
l:nwa no , near the river; shiro no , 
vicinity of the castle. 

Syn. 80IU, HEN, ATARI, KIMPEN. 

HOTORI ft h y $& n. Fever, heat: wo 
sutnasn, to cool the fever. 

Syn. NETSD, IIOTERI. 

HOTORI,-RU ijt h /u ^ i.v. To be hot, burn- 
ing, feverish : atuma ga , head is hot. 

|-HOTORIMEKI,-KU ft > 9 * ? i.v. To be shal- 
low, superficial. 

HOTOTOOISU ft i h ^ x> :fJt fj% n. The cnckoo, 
Cuculus poliocephalus, a bird that is supposed 
to cross the Shide mountain and come from 
the spirit-land ; it makes its appe'arance about 
the end of the 5th month and to warn the 
farmer that it is time to sow the rice. It has 
a mournful note, repeating its owu name 
ko-to~to-gl-tH. 

JHoTsuE ft -y Ji n. The topmost or upper 
branches or twigs of a tree. 

HOTSUGA -ft y if f $ n. Going out (respect- 
ful) : sum, to go out. 
Syn. NORI-DASHI. 

HOTSUGO ft y 3* = An exclamation, or 
interjection. 

HOTSDGON fty^?*/ g -fT n. Speaking out ; 
uttering: sum, to speak out, utter. 

HOTSUKI.-ICU ft y 9 $fc t.v. To fray, ravel ; 
to tear into lint. 

HOTSUKI-ARUKI,-KU ft y % ? fr ? I.V. (coll.) 

To loaf about ; to go about idly. 
HOTSU-NETSU fty^-y g ^ n. The spring- 
ing up of fever : sum. 
HOTSUO ft y y ^ fe 11. The long feathers 

in the tail of a pheasant. 
HOTSURE.-RU ft? I'll' i.v. Frayed, ragged, 

rubbed, worn, as cloth : kimono ga . 
HOTTAI ft y ft 4 ; f| n. A religionist, 

monk ; a Bud. priest : sum, to become a 

priest. 
HOTTAN ft y X ^ % #'ij The beginning, 

commencement, introduction of a book. 

Syn. HAJIMAUI. 
HOTTO ft y ]- adv. The sound of sighing or 

drawing a long breath : tume-iki ico tsuku, 

to draw a long breath. 



HOTTO-NIN Tjt^b^nv ^ B^ An. Orig- 
inator, first mover or doer ; ringleader, ag- 
gressor. 

Syn. HOKKI-NIN, CHOBON-NIN. 

HOWATA ft y 9 n. The fibers of the head 
or catkins of reeds, etc., used in stuffing 
cushions, etc. 

HOYA ft*? %f- $L n. A parasitic plant, the 
mistletoe. 

HOYA ft -Y $| g (kari-ya) n. A hut ; a tem- 
porary shed erected before a miya on festival 
occasions. 

HOYA ft -y )Ac ? n. A screen of wire net- 
work placed over a brazier; a glass lamp- 
chimney. 

HOYAKU ftV? ffi^fi (oginai gnsuri) n. Tonio 
medicines ; medicines which strengthen the 
body, or keep off disease. 

HOYO ft -V # t ^ (tamochi yashinau) 
Preserving health; strengthening the body; 
recreation: wo mru, to attend to one's 
health. 
Syn. YOJO. 

HOYO ft ^ -V $ &% (oya ni tsukaem) Dig- 
charging one's duty of honor or respect to his 
parents; waiting on, or attending on one's 
parents. 

HOYO ft $ J $ HH&n. A friend, com- 
panion. 

Syn. TOMODACHI, HOBAI. 

HOZAI ^\ # / >f -% ft] n. A compounded 
medicine ; a recipe. 

Syn. AWA8E-GU8URI. 

HOZAI ft ^r A f ft ft] (oginai kuntri) n. Tonic 
medicines. 

HOZAKI.-KU ft-f 9 i.v. To say, to spoak (a con- 
temptuous word used in anger to inferiors); 
to burst out in joy (obs.): mini ico , what do 
you say. 

HO-ZEN VN ij +? v ^ |?J Before a miya, or J:ani: 
ni kakeru, to hang up before a mil/a as an 
offering.as a picture. 

HOZERI.-RU ft H** t.v. To dig or play in the 
earth, as children: tsnchi wo . 

Hozo ft / n. The stem of fruit. 
Syn. HETA. 

Hozo ft "/ $| A wedge or pin used for fasten- 
ing ; a tenon : wo sasu, to drive in a 
wedge ; wo kau. 
Syn. KOSABI. 

Hozo s* tr -O $? $& (tnkara kura) n. A store- 
house in which valuable things are kept. 

Hozu ft i> *f n. (coll.) End, limit : ga nai, 
no end, or limit. 

HOZUE ft / 3* $$< 5JC n. The end or apex of 
an c:ir of com or grain : no tsuyu, the dew 
on . 

HUZUK ft > 7*3t n. tsuku, resting the cheek 
on the hand or arm. 

HUKUKI ft t; / * fg *& n. The winter cherry, 
Physalis solaneoa. 

HOZUNA ft / + fa ^J n. A halyard. 

HOZURE.-UU fty^ti* i.v. To be raveled, 
frayed. 

Hozunu 7ft # */ ^ See hitji. 



HOZ 



183 



HYO 



HOZUSHI,-SD rf? 7* *. t.v. To ravel, fray, pick 
to pieces, as cloth : hoziuhi-monien, lint. 

Syn. HODOKU. 
HOZUTSU Tfc */ y n. The block or pulley used 

in lioisting a sail. 
HYAEEWAX b -Y 9 9 V ^ ff "fT n. All the 

government oflicers of every rank. 
HYAKEEI b -Y 9 ? 4 "" If (subete no tedate) 
ry plan, or device: tsnkite jitatun 
turn, having exhausted every device, he killed 
himself. 
HYAKKIN b-Y^^vl^JT-n. A picul,= 

: Ibs. avoirdupois=16 kwammc. 
HYAKKOEU b V 9 3 9 V /& n. 100 koku,= 
', tons English. 

V 9 7$ u. or adj. A hundred ; used 
indefinitely for all, every: ippyaku, one 
hundred; ni hyaku, two hundred; sambyaku, 
three hundred; roppyakn, six hundred; 
. a hundred times ; ji, all the affairs ; 
butsn, all the things ; hyakn-gai, the whole 
body; liiro, the intestines; yakn, medi- 
cines ; kiran, all the government officers. 
UYAKCJIKKO b -V 9 & y 3 # tf fl &c n. The 
monkey-slipper, Lagerstramia indica. 

:i. 8AROSUBERI. 

HYAKI'-MAN b -Y ^ * v " $; n. A hundred 

myriad, one million. 
HYAKUMK b-V^^ ^ n. A hundred 

mn,nme,=l Ib. Troy, or 13 oz. 72J grs. av. 
UYAKUSHO b Y ^ >- V "f ii n. ' A farmer, 

husbandman ; a peasant. 
HYAKU-SO-SO b -Y ^ If # If "fW $1 " A 

kind of medicine made of a hundred different 

kinds of plants dried and reduced to charcoal. 
IhAKf YE b -V 9 x. %" $> n. The crown of the 

i AX b Y ? /; ^ '{i & All; every: no 

all affairs ; all things. 
HIYO ) b -3 n. The peep or cry of a young 

chicken : to naku, to peep. 
-N $$ n. A leopard: WON, leopard 
8 pots. 

$ n. Hail : gafuru, it hails. 
*> # ^ n. A straw bag for holding grain, 
charcoal, etc.: ippyv, one bag: ni-hyu, two 
bags; tambyo, three bags; hito-hyt, one bag 
full,=about 2^ bushels. 

> $t (omo() n. The outside; the 
surface ; a table, schedule ; a memorial to the 
'/, to be emblematic of, re- 
present, signify; to be in memory of, to com- 
memorate; tfikei hy<~,, statistical table. 

b -Y if $ft tin its of ; 

to criticise ; to confer, deliberate. 

::A b-Y^/^v ^f ^ 1 J " i puta- 

j'ort; rumor : - 

' Ititn, a man of bad impu- 
tation ; r,tol)e publicly talked about; 
to be matter of common talk. 

: Y^y^-V^ :&$!!# n. The 
war deptrtment -. war ofDce. 

t + t fatl (ka$hira-gaki) n. The 
notes written on the top of a page. 



HYODAI -, $ jf 4 ^ gg n . The outside title 

of a book. 
HYOOE,-RU ^i>y/t- j^ ^ i.v. (coll.) To sport, 

play, frolic, jest, play the fool : hyogeta hito, 

a witty person. 

SyU. TAWAMCRERTT, FOZAKERU, DOKERU. 

HYOQI b -V i> ^- $f I2| n. A conference, con- 
Bultatiou : suru, to confer and deliberate 
on ; to consult about. 

SyU. HYOJO, SODAX, EAKEAI. 

HY5GD <~* ^r / ^ j% n. The mountings of a 

picture. 

HYOGU b *r $ >? & R n. Weapons of war. 
HYOOURI,-UU b 3 / ^ t.v. (coll.) To squirt: 

mizn wo , to squirt water. 
HYOGU-YA ^^/-V^j^gn. A paper- 

hanger. 

Syn. KYOJIYA. 
HYOHAKU ^ ^ ^\ ^ \% ft sum, to wander 

about ; to float about. 

SyU. RURO, TADAYOU. 

HYOHI -^ 7 b ^ fo n. (med). The cnticle. 
HYOHO ^^>>>7 & n. Military tactics, or 

stratagem: nnma 5 kizii no nioto (prov.). 
HYOHYAKU b -V $ b -V 9 adj. (coll.) A 
pun ; humorous sayings : wo in. 

Syn. HYOKIX. 

HYOI-TO b 3 4 h adv. (coll.) In a sudden 
manner; unexpectedly; accidentally : */t ta 
koto, a sudden affair. 

Syn. FOTO, OMOWAZU-NI. 

HYOJI -^ ^ s? ^ ^ u. A sign, omen, indi- 
cation, tolftn. 

Syn. sHiROsm. 

HYOJO b-Y^"f'^^ f?^ *W", to dclib- 
erate and decide on; to consult together: 
ni taranii, not worth criticising. 
HYOJOSHO b -V $ f- 1 -Y ^ ^ 3 ^ jVr " (obs.) 
Supreme court house ; council chamber; privy 
council: iknxa n<> , a council of war. 
HYOJOSHU b -V > f-'-Y ^ ^^ $> J?c (obs.) 
Members of the supreme court, or privy 
council. 
HYOJUN ^ # i* =. v $f ; $ Criterion; example. 

Syn. jooi, XAOAMI. 

HYOKAI b -V * 4 -fcffi *''. to dissolve 
like ice; vanish: gidtin sum, my doubts 
have vanished. 

HYOEAN ^ # ^ v ^j |^ (/afofci) Fierce and 
f.'urless; daring and regardless of life or 
danger : no ; 

ivrsu b Y > y ^ ^i (Mrl^mwilfrii) 

Congelation : sum, to !< congealed, frozen. 

r.TSU b -V V> >* 3 ^? ^ (haknri r<i<l<i- 

iiifrn) A resolution : uru, to discuss and 

i !e; to resolve. 

IN -. $ y- -^ (coll.) Facetious; merry: 
mi hitn. a war. lnun 

': 1 ^ ^ 9 h t15 ^ *^ v ' (coll.) 
Sudden and nnrxpcctc.lly : ' 

" b a a fit n. A young bird, or chicken; 
peeper. 

HYOKO-HTOKO b a a b n 3 adv. (coll.) Hp- 
ping, as a frog; leaping : tobn, to hop and 



HYO 



184 



HYO 



HYOKWAI b -V $ 9 V 4 -fa # n. A mass of 
ice ; an ice-floe, iceberg. 

HIYOMEKI b 3 jt % $ f"3 n. The fontanelle 
in a child's head. Syn. Hiyomik. 

HYOMEN ^ * y fc i5j n. The outside ; 
external surface. 

HYOMON-CHO ^ ^ ^ v 7- 7 n. A leopard- 
spotted butterfly, a species of Argynuis. 

HIYOMUKI b 3 -s 3 s H. i.q. hyomeki. 

HYON-NA b 3 v + (coll. hen-n<irn) Strange ; 
unusual ; odd; wonderful : koto; mono. 

Syn. KOTONARU, KAWATTA. 

HYON-NO-KI b 3 v ; * fe^^n. Name of 

a tree, the Distylium rncemosum. 
HYO-RAN b ^ $ 7 v jft. jjfl, n. The disturbance 

and commotion caused by war. 
HYO-RI ^ V '; ^fc 3E (" ra omo/e) Outside and 

inside ; false-hearted ; hypocritical ; double- 

dcaliug ; force ; impulse ; effort '. no aru- 

mono, a false, deceitful person. 
HYORO b -Y '> 7 # & 3ft n. Food for soldiers; 

provisons for an army: go. tsukita, the 

provisions are exhausted. 
HYORO-IIYORO TO b3Pb3P>J&5 adv. In 

a limping, staggering manner. 
HYORO-KATA b -V V 7 # * ^ 3ft ^ n. The 

officer who supplies an army with provisions ; 

commissary. 
HYORON b ^ # P v p*$ Criticism; discussion: 

?, to deliberate on ; to discuss, criticise. 
HYOROTSUKI.-KU b 3 P y ? i.v. (coll.) To limp, 

stagger. 
HYORO-ZEME b -V ^ 9 -tf * & *ft ^ " 

Starving out a garrison ; cutting off the supply 

of food. 
HYO-RYO <^?r y $ )$ ^ Floating, or carried 

about by the waves : fune (ja shite shimn ye 

ttnkn, the ship floating about stranded on an 

island. 

Syn. TAPAYOU, NAGARERU. 

HYOSATSU ~>Wy j$ fL n. A tablet with the 
name of the person residing hung at the door 
of a house; a door-pluto. 



HYOSEI ^$-te J 3jt $. (arawasu) sum, to 
publish, make known : zenko ico sum, to 
publish one's meritorious conduct. 

HYUSETSU ^fy^v ^J ^ u. Plagiarism : 
sum, to plagiarize. 
Syn. NDSUMU. 

HYOSHI -^ *? i, ^ ^ n. The paper cover or 
binding of a book: i ta- bydshi, board covers; 
kmva no , leather binding. 

HYOSHI ^ ty 5^ } ^ n. Beating time to 
music ; the impulse, or force used in doing any- 
thing: wo torn, to beat time ; asJii-hijilsJti, 
drumming with the foot; te-bydshi. beating 
time with the hand ; korobn wt, by the force 
of the fall, or in the act of falling; jntke, 
out of time; ga ?/oi, to be fortunate, lucky; 

flu ic ami, unlucky. 

HYOSHI-GI ^fr$sif jfa =} ^c n. Blocks of 
wood or bamboo struck together by watchmen 
as a signal. 

HYOSO <~* -i} $ > $ 1^ u - The mountings of 
a picture. 

HYOSO ^ *j y ^ ^a n - A whitlow. 

HYOSOKU b -V ^ y ^ ^ 85 A kind of lamp. 

HYOSOKU b-YC'y^ ip.^n. The even and 
oblique tones of Chinese words, without know- 
ing which one cannot be a poet ; prosody. 

HYOTAN ^^.ffvgft^n. A gourd, calabash. 
Syn. FUKUIJE, HISAGO. 

HYOTAN b -V # & ^ 7^19^ 0^- ice and charcoal) 
A relation like ice and charcoal : no naku, 
contrary to each other; antagonistic. 

HYO TO b -V # > adv. The sound of an arrow 
flying, whizzing: t/ wo hanatsn. 

HYOTTO b 3 7 h *$- adv. Supposing that; per- 
adventure; pussibly; if; perchance; by chance: 

shifftara do nasaru, if he should know, 
what should you do? liyotto sureba. perhaps, 
it may be ; hyntto shiUira, id. 

Syn. MOSHI, MANICHI. 

HYOTTOKO b 3 9 h 3 u. A kind of mask. 
HYOZAX b IT *J tf ^/ ^ Jj n. A glacier, iceberg. 
HYUZBN -^ ^ -tf v SS %& adv. Soaring, flying. 



185 



I. 



I 4 37, Used in comp.=direction, toward, 
:h, or onward in time or place; as: koko 
i i-imn. from this toward the south; i-sei, 
ard tlie west. See mit, igo, iyicai. 
I ft Et n. Gall; bile: kuma no t, bear's 
: HS-/M no i, ox-gall. 

; IMO. 

| n. Spider's thread; cobweb. 

I # H 11. A wild hog; and (^Q one of the 

:;s: i no toki, 10 o'clock at night; i no 

knt,i, X. X. "\Y.; / no ko, a young pig; i no hi, 

a festival on the "hog-day" of the 10th 

month (o.c.) ; t naka tin txnki, the nioon on 

day of the mouth (o.c.). 
^ n. The stomach: i c/m, in the sto- 
m nch ; i nn fu, the stomach ; i no jo-ko, the 

ic orifice; t no (jc-ku, the pyloric. 

I 4 ,1 (Iio1:oro-ba*e) n. The mind, thoughts, 

intention, will, feeling, meaning : to nasu 

nakurt', don't be troubled about it; ni 

"Hi, to agree with one's ideas, or mind ; 

11 i MIW '.-//, to be contrary to one's mind; kono 

j jro (ijiu-nit, to perceive the meaning of ; ichi 

mint, to be of one mind. 
1 # 88 11. The rush of which matting in made, 

Juncus communis. 

I 4 .V> (kt'tviHiri) Different; strange; unusual; 

inary : i fn do bo, a different father, 

l>u: mother; i kokii, foreign country ; 

">i t. V ft] tf, all together; with one 

e ; unnnimously : i na hito, an eccentric 

i-setsu different versions. 
I 4 * (cunt, of itsuteu) Five. 
I # ii ikurni) n. Hank, dignity : m i HJU 
::hont rank or office; i no takai Into, 
a man of high rank; i ?ro o/os<, to degrade; i 
1)6 promoted in rank ; ichi i, the 
lit-st rank of nobility. 

I # i n. Dignity ; majesty ; power; 

at;' : nnaruhito, one having 

authority; iro t'i,, one's power; 

to lose one's pov. 

\ well: ;io mizu. well w,i 
*o (akii, lik(- a fr<.g in a 

well : i iro ma M a well ; tin 

'\.), like placing 
a child near a well. 

I 4 n. A doctor, physician ; medicine: 

ITO 0j/<~; fo ?, to follow ti: i if n 

lical profession ; ICM-I, u great doctor ; yabii- 

1 311 A. 

-1 



IBA 



n. Sleeping (mostly in 

comp.. as, asa-i). 
I.-IRU <\ )^ $f t.v. To shoot with a bow : ynini 

wo t>, to shoot a bow; i hazusu, to shoot and 

miss. 
I,-inu 4 A* $ t.v. To cast ; to found ; to run 

metal in moulds: kane ico fn/, to cast money ; 

zeni wo , to cast cash; nabe wo , to cast 

pots. 
1,-iRu JJs >v ^ i.v. To be, to dwell, sit: doko 

iii t'-mi.w//, where do you live? Kamiutm-ii ni 

imasu. I live in Knnagawa ; tliidokoro ni 

iiiidsu, he is in the kitchen; nani wo shite, ini, 

what are you doing ? liutaraite-int, he is 

working. 

Syn. OBU. 
I.-IRU ^ >u ^< t.v. To lead, conduct, command, 

as an army. 

Syn. mki-iRU, TSURERU. 
I-AI ?]= J 4 i& <g> n. The beloved object or 

relic of a deceased person. 
I-AI #7 b ^ * n. The art of drawing out a 

long sword (a difficult act in fencing): iiuki, 

one who is skillful in drawing the sword ; a 

kind of juggler; i-ai ffoslii in uurn, to put one's 

self in the posture of drawing the sword. 
IAKU #7 9 ^ 4 n. A curtain. 
I-AN 4 T ^ ^ % n - M'dical directions ; 

medical opinion: wo kukii, to write down 

the history of a case, with the proper medi- 

cines to be used. 
I-ATK.-RU >fT7'^ &M t.v. To shoot and 

hit: ya wo mato ni i-ateni, shoot an arrow 

and hit the mark. 
I-AWARE.-RU ftf^tefr % ^ i.v. To hnppon 

to be present: sono za ni i-mcnfi-tc lunuu'lii 

wo kiita, 1 ha]'i'( -m d to be jucsent at tho 

meeting and heard what was said. 
I-iu 4 /-: &} ty n. A place for shooting tho 

bow; shooting ground. 
IH.U.-AO 4 /%7 $fcr i.v. To neigh : uma ga 

ib-iti. tlu- horse neighs. 
Syn. i\v\An. 
r 0/*^ ^^- A curtain, tent. 

SVM. M\Kf, (HO, TOIlAltl. 

IDARA" -f /c -7 |/I ^ n. The name of a thorny 

IIIAHA OAKI -f/^9^t IW^Jii " A hedge 

of tli 
limn ^/>'9 fR n. Urine: Mhtff f lht 

i,-r; wo mini, to initiate. 

IDAIU. To bo hanghly, 

nri lent, imp- n<>u ; to boaat, to 

vuuut, make a swell, act poiupouuly, put on 



IBA 



186 



ICH 



airs: ibatte aruku, to swagger, strut; ibatte 
hi tori haba wo sum, to act insolently and 
crowd others away; ibatte Into wo mi-sageru, 
to be arrogant and despise others. 
Syn. HOKORU, IUKIMU. 

IBARHINYEN 4 X \s^/ *-y ^ Rj 1*3 jfe (Bad.) 
Tlie whims, vagaries, freaks and fancies of 
the mind: katakit sei sezaru bckarazu. 

IBIIU >f 1/4* W! & n - Snoring: wo kaku, 
to suore. 

IBIRI.-RU 4 t? ^ t.v. (coll.) To parboil, to scald, 
as vegetables ; to roast slightly in ashes ; to 
tease, vex: hai ni , to heat in ashes; yn de 
, to scald in hot water; ibiri korosn, to 
annoy; to afflict or torment to death. 

IBITSU 4 if y adj. Oval: nari, an oval form. 

Ino ^ -tf JJ A wart, small tumor ; a knob: go. 
dekitn, have a wart. 

Ino >f ;* # }$ fc (wasureru) snru, to forget. 

IBOI 4 jtf b n. The pus of a moxa. 

Iuor,-ou 4 ;}* 7 ^ f| i.v. To suppurate ; to 
matter (only used of the moxa): kiu ga ibotta, 
the moxa has suppurated. 

IBO-IBO >f jtf 4 jtf n. The knobs or round pro- 
tuberances on a bell or on the head of an 
image of Shaka. 

IBOJI >f tf 'f n. External hemorrhoids ; blind 
piles. 

IBOJIRI-MUSHI 4 jtf & 9 j. 3s n. The mantis. 
Syn. TORO. 

IBOTA >f -tf % ;]<. ^ $.} n. A wax tree, a species 
of Ligustrum. 

IBOWASHI,-SU 4 # ^ ^ (canst, of ibou) To 
cause to suppurate : yaito wo . 

IBUKARI,-RU >j -/ U n- f i.v. To wonder at, 
consider strange or dubious ; to suspect. 

Syn. AYASHIMO, FUSHIN NI OMOU. 

IBUKASHII,-KI 4 y'jj is 4 ^ $ adj. Strange; 

mysterious; dubious; doubtful; suspicious; 

solitary ; lonely ; gloomy. 
IBUKASHIKU ^-f-hlsp A^%t- adv. Ibukashiku- 

omou, to feel dubious about, to wonder at, 

be uncertain about: ikaga to zonji-soro,I 

wonder what I should do. 

Syn. FUSIIIN, UTAGAWASHII, AYASHII. 

IBUKASHISA Jy'JiisIr n. Doubtfulness; du- 
biousness ; mysteriousness ; uncertainty. 

IBUKI >f 7*=y } #j n. The juniper tree. 

ilBUKi >f 7* -t- %, Breath ; ( J, pj;) blowing 
violently with the mouth. 

IBUKURO '# -/ 9 \* *fi fift n. The stomach. 
Syn. I-NO-FU. 

IBUN ^-f-:/ ^. fir] n. News. Syn. SHIMBUN. 

IBURI 4 7* ; 'j jg, Cruel ; unfeeling ; uumer- 
ciful : ua /i/to, a cruel person. 

Syn. NASA^ENAKI, MUOOI. 

IBURI,-RU >f -/ n, fflt i.v. To emit smoke: hi 
ga ibntta, the fire smokes. 
Syn. FUSUBORU, KUYORU. 
IBUSARE.-RU >f -/^r v>u ^ ^ (pass, of ibiiahi) 

To be smoked (met.); annoyed, tormented. 
IBUSEI,-KI-KU-SIII >f 7* 12 >f ^j |g, ftdj- 
Gloomy; dismal; disagreeable; lonely; soli- 
tary: ibttsehu omon, to feel gloomy. 
Syu. uTiosni, UBUSAI, KEMUTTA.I. 



IBUSHI 4 7* s^ . Fumigation, smoking. 

IBUSHI.-SU >f7*^^?t.v. To smoke, fumigate ; 
(met.) to annoy, vex, torment: katsn-bniihi 
wo ibiisn, to smoke the flesh of the bouito; 
ka wo , to smoke out mosquitoes, i 
Syn. FOSUBERU, KUYORASU, KUNZDKU. 

IBUSHI-OUSURI /f 7* *" '/ *> *) j^ SS n - Fumi- 
gating medicines. 

IBUTSU Jf 7* 9 aS $7 (nnUorem mono) n. 
Things or property left by the dead. 

I-BUTSU-RON ^ 7* 7 P v "& ^ ^ The doctrino 
of materialism. 

ICHATSUKI,-KU-ITA >f f- "V 5 9 ffl $& l.V. (coll.) 

To flirt ; to sport with the girls. 

Syn. JARATSDKU, JARAKURA 8URU. 

ICHI 4 1- fjK *-*j n. Treatment of disease. 
Syn. RYOJI, IRYO. 

ICHI >f f- (hitotsn) One; first; primo; 
whole: ichi-ichi, each one, everyone, every 
particular, one by one; t'c/u ?/o, alike, same; 
ichi-do, once ; tc/tt #t 7ii mo oyobazn, without 
a single objection; icln-mcn, the whole 
surface; ichi no hito, the first of men in rank, 
viz., a daijddaijin; dai-ji, of prime impor- 
tance; io miya, eldest child of the Mikado, 
also the chief miya of a county. 

I-cni ^ + ii S n - Tl 16 or( ler or arrange- 
ment in which things are placed; place; situ- 
ation; position : ga yoi ; ga wanii. 

ICHI >f ^- T}? n. A market; a fair: ichi-ba t 
market place; asa-iclti, morning market; 
ni wazawai wo kan, to buy trouble (prov.); 
ichi ni itte katte koi, go to the market and 
buy; sakana-ichi ga tatsu, the fish market is 
open ; ichi -bi to, market people. 

ICHI-ASHI 4 f* T ** ~~ J5. ^ ^ ie ^ e 8 3 > wo 
dashite nigertt, ran awiiy as fast as his legs 
could carry him; ni nifjeru, id. 

ICHI-BAN 4 f-^six ^ Number one; the first; 
the best : m*, the first one, the best one ; 
dai , the very first or best. 

ICHIBAYAKI,-KD-SHI, Ot ICHIHAYAKI J ^ >t*? Is 

adj. Clever; smart; active; keen; shrewd. 

Syn. SDBAYAKI, HASHIKOI. 

ICHI-BETSU 4 i* *<y #J n. Last time we 
parted, or separated: irai, since we last 
met ; since we parted from each other. 

ICHIBI 4 f- 1* n. A species of scrubby oak : 
7i.-7//, id. 

flcHiBiKO 4 3- if 3 n. Same as ichigo. 

ICHIBIME >f 3- 1* -X n. The goddess who pro- 
tects merchants. 

ICHIBITO 4 f- b* h n. A merchant, trader. 

ICHI-BU 4 f- 7* ^ n. A silver coin formerly 
in use, the fourth part of a ry f =about 33 
cents; the tenth part of an inch; one per cent. 

ICHI-BU-SHI-JO 4 i-y'Ss-J *? fl % $> The 
whole from beginning to end; everything; the 
particulars: wo kataru, to tell all from 
beginning to end. 

ICHI-DA >f f- tf J^|c n. One horse-load,=2J 
piculs or 332^ Ibs.: lioinma , id.; karushiri 
, =i=18 kwfimme or 149 Ibs. avoir. 

ICIII-DAI-KI >f + )f 4 % JX $i u. A biog- 
raphy, memoir. 



ICH 



187 



ICH 



ICHI-PO >f f- v? jg a( iv. uce ; ne 

THO jwx/ji, not even once. 

Syn. HITO-TABI. 

ICHI-DO >f f- F" # 15] adv. All ; every one ; 
the whole ; altogether ; conjointly. 

. MIXA, SOBETE. 
ICHIDO-GAWASHI XI 4 + F" if V *" * C ^ 

adv. Alternately ; by turns. 

flcHiDONO 4 f- l* ) i.q. ichiko. 

ICHI-OAI >ff-;*M g| adv. Wholly; alto- 
gether; without exception or distinction; in a 
careless or perfunctory manner : ano hito wa 
Kami to ichigai ni mo iwaremai, he cannot 
be said to be wholly bad; ichigai na mono, 
one who is wholly given to one thing, or 
obstinately persists in what he says or does. 

ICHI-GAN >ff-2fi" fl& One eye; one-eyed; 
monocular. 

ICHI-GETSU-JI >f f- y ? i? fl -^ n. A Bud- 
dhist temple belonging to the Fuke sect, where 
persons guilty of certain kind of offenses took 
refuge, and were allowed to live. 

ICHIGO j 1- a* ^ n. A raspberry, strawberry. 

;o 4 f* a* "M n - Whole period or 
duration of life: sltichi-ju nen wo to 
turn. 
Syn. ISSHOGAI. 

ICHIGURA 4 f- >/ y n. A store, shop, ware- 
house. 

ICHI-JI 4 + & yft adv. For a time ; for a 
rt time; for a little while; at a certain 
time ; one o'clock : kan, for one hour. 

ICHIJIKU >f f-f-'^ fit } $L n. The fig tree ; a 
fig- 

tIcHuiBOKi,-KU 4 ? s? n adj. Same as 



ICHIJIRCSHI,-KU-SHI >f f- a? >U v* ^ H$ adj. 

Distinct ; discriminating ; clearly distinguish- 
ing. as right and wrong ; conspicuous, plain, 
lent, manifest ; efficacious : seijin no michi 
ga , the doctrine of the sages is clear, not 
confounding truth and error ; kami no rigaku 
. the help of the kami is most manifest. 

Syn. AKIRAKA, MEIHAKU, FUMMYO, TEKIMEN. 

Icm-juN >ff-i?j.v 3] n. One decade; one 

1 of t. n days. 

ICHIKO >f f- a f S n. A witch ; a fortune- 
toller or spiritualist, necromancer ; one who 
has communication with the spirits of the 
iMd. 

Syn. KDcni-Yom. 

ICOIJUTSU >f -f- v 7 n. Checkered, plaid, as 
cloth: j'nM no haori. 

' 4 + * n. A female merchant or 

' 1 s 4 fa n. The life: ni 
to endanger the life; wo nage- 


1 + * */ . gg adv. Tlio wlinlo 
face; nil over: tekai , the whole world. 
:r 4 * 5 * One i 

'ii mi )o niciiHyakn, a pill made 
iuibarb alone ; ;u ;MM/. to become one of 
xftuic party, or army ; turu, to form a 



ICHI-MO >f f- -r ^r ^ One hair : tco unite 
tenha wo ri sum mo naaazn, would not pluck 
out a hair to benefit the world (said of Yoshi, 
a Chinese philosopher). 

ICHI-MOKU >f f- ^ 9 g n. One view ; a 
bird's-eye view. 

ICHI-MOKUSAN NI ^ ^ ^ 9 ^ ^ adv. With all 
haste : hashiru, to run with all his might. 

ICHI-MON 4 f- ^ ^ X adv. Wholly ; eu- 
tirely; completely. 

IcimioTsu 4^^? 3^ ^ n. An excellent 
thing; something extraordinary; nothing like 
it. 

ICHI-MOTSU 4 3* ^ y typ (hitotsu no mono) 
One thing; something: hara ni aru hito, 
a person who has something in his mind 
which he does not tell ; mu , nothing. 

ICHI-NIN 4 f- ^is /^ n. One person; ono 
man's load, or one day's work ; one day's 
wages: ninsoku ichi <',=? kwamme or 
about 58 Ibs. avoir. 

ICHI-NO-HITO >f f- ^ b h n. The first of men, 
the Emperor, or the Prime Minister. 

ICHINOMIYA >f f- ) \ -Y n. The principal or 
head Shinto temple in each province. 

ICHI-O 4 f- * $ ~1& adv. One time ; one 
occasion ; once. 

ICHI-BAKU >f f- 5 9 n. A fine kind of ratan- 
work. 

ICHI-RAN 4 ^ 7 "is *^ ^ (hitome mini) n. 
One look; a compend, brief summary, epi- 
tome : sum, to take a look at. 

ICHI-RI-ZUKA 4 f- 9 '/ * J[ ^ n. Mile- 
stones ; mounds of earth marking the miles on 
a road. 

ICHI-UCHI >f f- ^ f- n. The character for one, 
or the mark used to designate the different 
items of an account, etc. 

ICHI-WARI >f f* y 9 n. Ten per cent.: go bit, 
fifteen per cent. 

ICHI- YEN >f f- Jt v EJ All over ; the whole ; 
everywhere ; one dollar. 

ICHI-YO >f f-Y^ -~#L Alike; same; with one 
accord : no shina, things of the same kind. 
Syn. ONAJI. 

ICHI-ZA 4 i-4? $ The whole assembly : 

no hito ; uru, to sit with, or make one 
of an assembly. 

ICHI-ZD >ff-y 3fe (hito tnji) adv. Only; 
alone; nothing else; persistently; with the 
whole heart : chngi ithizn ni oinoi-tsumfrn, 
thinking of nothing but loyalty; ichizu no 
ry then, possessed with one idea, or feeling ; 
fit to omou, persist in thinking so, or believe 
so with the whole heart. 

ICHIZOKU /f-f-/^ $fc n. One family; tho 
wholo futility. 

-f f <* ft n - N mo ' a troc tll<J 

Siilisburisi ndi'uiiiifolia. 

4 f *> & I? " Foreign country. 
ICHOKO 4 + 9 9 'A %l u - '""' ''"iH'inind or 
will K-fl i>v an I']iii)i'-M)r \\\\>-i\ ci 

i* fti- 3 9 at & ('" "''') 

imu, to infringe au Imperial order or 
proclatuatioo. 



ICH 



188 



TEN 



ICHU 4 f- i> ^ ^ (kokoro no nclii) n. What 
is in one's maid ; mind ; purpose ; sentiment : 
t <iff ni ni wo kiitnrian. 

lDAKAsniME,-URU 4 #* # Is A * (caust. of idakn) 
Cnuse to embrace, or harbor in the inind ; 
cause to feel. 

IDAKR-TAKA ftjfjrjtH ^7 ! $ adv. Draw- 
ing one's self up to his full height ; sitting 
erect : ni natte nonoshiru, drawing one's 
self up to scold. 

IDAKI.-KU >f if 9 $& t.v. To embrace; to hold 
in the arms; (met.) to hold or feel in the 
heart ; to harbor in the mind ; to brood : 
kodonio wo , to carry a child in the arms ; 
itrami wo , to feel hatred ; tamago wo , to 
sit on eggs. 

Syn. DAKU, KAKAERU. 

IDAKI-TSUKI.-KU >f # * y 9 fe f ft t.v. To 
embrace, hug, throw the arms around. 

IDASIH,-SU 4 ft"*. & t.v. To cause to go 
out; to send forth; to emit, eject, discharge. 
Syn. DASU. 

iloAsniGiNu <\ #*>** n. The lining of the 
cuff of a garment. 
Syn. SODEKUCHI. 

IDE, or IDK-YA >f 5r Exclara. used to an an- 
tagonist in bantering. Come on! now then! 
well ! ide o aite ni narimasho, come on, I will 
bo your antagonist ; or, I'm your man : to 
t/o, exclam. Syn. DORE, SA, IZA. 

IDK,-RU >fr>i- jfe i.v. To go out, issue forth, 
proceed from : idcte ynke, go away, clear out; 
uchi yori idem, to go out of the house. 
Syu. DERU. 

IDE-AI.-AU >f rT7 ^ x& i.v. To meet in 
the street, or while out. 

IDE-IRI >f r>f 9 ? X n. Going out and 
coming in ; egress and ingress ; expenses and 
receipts : mono, one who frequents a place. 
Syn. DEini. 

IiiKMAsm.-su >f5r^*. i.v. To go out (formerly 
used only of the Emperor, but now used of 
any one). 

IDE-TACHI >f ? ? + & $t n. The style or 
manner in which a person is dressed ; the 
dress, costume, equipment, accoutrement : 
tco sura, to dress, or equip one's self; sono 
hi 110 ni wa, his dress on that day was, etc. 
Syn. YOSOI. 

IDETACIII,-TSU 4 r *?!> i.v. To be 
dressed up, accoutred, equipped; to go out, 
start on a journey. 

Syn. YOSOO, SHUTTATSU. 

IDE-VU 4 ? a. ffi fa n . A hot-spring. 
Syn. ONSEN. 

IDO -ft \? ft n. A well : tco horn, to dig a 
well ; wo tf merit, to fill up a well ; too 
kaeru, to clean a well. 

Ino >f i? * n . Latitude. 

I-uo xf^,> ^^ (j s /, a 1W michi) n. The 
science of medicine: ni kuwashii Into, & 
person versed in medicine. 
Syn. i-j7Tsu. 

IDODATA or IDO-XO-HATA R >* jt ft '& Near 
the well ; vicinity of the well. 



IDOOAE # j? $ ^ ft y n. Cleaning a well: 

wo sum, to clean a well. 

IDOOAWA # i? if ^ ft [ft] n. A well-crib. 
Syu. IZUTSU. 

IDOHORI # -ft y ft $, n. A well-digger. 

I-DOKORO 4 b* a p ^ j^j- u. A dwelling place, 
residence. 

Syn. SUMAI, JUKYO. 

IDOMARE.-BU ^ 1* v \s ft, i.v. To be chal- 
lenged, defied, provoked to a contest. 

IDOMI,-HU >f tf A ^ t.v. To challenge, defy ; 
to dare; to banter; to entice: tatakai ?ro , 
to challenge to fight ; onna ico , to entice a 
woman. 

IDOUI-AI,-AU 4 $ *~f 7 $Li3~ i >v - To chal- 
lenge each other. 

Syn. TATAKAU, ARASOU. 

IDOMI-ARASOI.-OU 4 F" ? T 7 V ^ $fe. *$ i- v - To 
contend or strive together, as in war. 

IDOMI-TATAKAI.-AU 4 $ \ ? ? Jj 7 ffiVfc i.v. 
To battle, make war, contend. 

Iz 4 <^ %L n. A house, family: wo tatrnt, 
to erect, or raise a house: wofHsJiinmini, 
to build a house ; wo osameru, to govern a 
family; tsuburetaru ie wo totem, to raise up 
a fallen house or family ; no ko, u si i \aiit, 
or one born in the house ; a young gentleman. 

SyU. UCHI, TAKU, YADO, KE. 

IK,-RO >f Ji ;v- $ i.v. To be healed, cured , 
to recover from sickness: yamai rja ie.ta, the 
disease is cured; kizu ga ieta, the wound is 
healed. 

Syn. NAORU, ZENKWAI, HOMBUKU, JI8U. 

IE-AKE >f ^ f f $. BJl n. Vacating a house : 

wo iitsukent, to order a person to vacate a 
house; to eject. 

IKBATO >f^/^> #| n. A house-pigeon. 
IEDE 4 -~>T %. dl u- Eunning away from 

home; leaving home secretly; entering a 

monastery: sum. 
IEDOMO >f ^ H" ^6 (j$| adv. Although; 3'et; but . 

/cusurt wo mochiynm to iedomo yanmi jiwzii, 

although he took the medicine, the disease is 

not cured. 

Syn. SAREDOMO, KERKDOMO. 

IEGAMAE >f^i/*^^ ^ % n. The structure 

of a house; the plan on which a house is 

built ; appearance of a house : ga yoi ; - 

ga warni. 
IEOARA >f ^ -ff 7 ^ ff n. The kind of family 

(in rank) ; family line ; ancestry : ga yoi. 

of good family; no hito, a person of good 

family. 

flEi >f Jt # n. A house, dwelling. 
IEKAXE.-RU 4 *. H ^ n* ^ ^ i.v. Hard to 

cure; difficult to heal. 
IEKAZE 4 ^ Jj & n. The wind that blows from 

the direction of one's home: wo nazuka- 

sliiku onion, to feel homesick. 
IEKI &JC.4 1 ^ ^ n. The gastric-juice. 
IENAMI 4 <^+ ? gl ^ n. Style of house; 

row of houses; house by house: no yoi 

machi, a street with a fine row <>f h->us\s ; 

ni i/o-yOkin wo ateru, to assess taxes house by 

house. 



TEN 



189 



IHA 



lExrsm 4 "s 5? Is %. 31 n. The owner of a 
house, landlord. 

-f jc. ^ JU n. Jesus : Jims;/ to, Jesus 
Christ ; kyb, the teachings of Jesus. 

i 4 ^-7^<y %LT^ n. Family line ; pedi- 

: y ?//, of pood family, 
i 4 s. l n. The mistress of a family; 
teal wife. 

. SHU BO. 

4 jc. y $ (yorokobi) n. Joy; glad- 
-S delight; pleasure: snru, to rejoice, 
to be plr;; 

,i 4 ^ y tf few] n. An heir, inheritor. 

0. KATOKr-MN, ATO-TSUGI. 

,:CKI 4 ^ ? ;/ $ & & u. A continuous 
line of houses ; connections ; relations. 
ICZI-KASA 4 ^ y # -9- u. A steward ; the 
manager or superintendent of a family. 

ro 4 ~**J \. jfc 3 n. Presents to one's 
household on returning from a journey: 

<n. 

Syn. rcHi-MiYAGE. 

I*v 4 y 111 Ftt (yori-tsnkn) *ni, to cleave 
to, adhere to; to depend on; to trust in, 

njx.n. Syn. IRAI. 

4 7 & H M (kawatta nari) Strange 
loins ; singular appearance or style of dress. 
I*CKU >f 7 ^ # # n. Clothing ; garments ; 
.ng apparel. 

. KIMONO, MESHIXIONO, ISHO, KOROMO. 

IFCKD 4 7 9 & %% u. Might; power; au- 
Ihoi 

IKEN, I8EI. 

ITUKU 4 7 ^ at B5 (otoshi dane) n, A bastard 

child. 

IFCKD ft? 9 fa jj& (odoshifuseru) *uru, to 
subjugate ; to overawe. 

47^ ^2. <?#, (osore fu$u) twit, to 
it through fear; to be overawed. 
4 if ^'j n. A burr, prickly shell : kuri no 
, a chestnut burr ; iga-guri atama, a head 
hort stiff hair, like a chestnut 
burr. 

^IGA 4 if pron. You (in contempt) : tsuJcu- 
rtru if, the house which you built. 

i >f if * ;ft n. A ladle made of bamboo ; 
a rice 1m 

4 if * && n. A picket fence, such as 
is seen around a miya. 
Syn. utzrKAKi. 

4 a * >, $ W*P*cn. Medical 
schuol. 

^ ** 9 V ^ n. Medical science ; mcdi- 

IOAMAHB,-RC >f -ff v ir * <> ft (canst, of igami) 
To bend; to crook; to make crooked : /M 
. to bend a ] 
. MAOKRU. 

4 if j. ^, i.v. Crooked ; bon t ; fnu-t) 
depraved; perverse: /i . 
U bent; *i no ignmli Into, a pi-r\cro follow. 

i. MAOAKH, YDOAMC. 

IOAMI.-MU 4ifj>' i.v. To snarl, growl, as 
a dog; to caterwaul. 
Syn. UAMUKU, KAOASU. 



IGAMI-AI,-AU 4 if \ f y "J-1 & i.v. To snarl or 

growl at each other; to quarrel: neko ga . 
la AT A 4 if 2 til n A mould for casting; a 

matrice : tanm no , a bullet mould. 
tloAToMK 4 if % $ * n. A name for a fox ; 

a go-between. 
ICE 4 >f t jft n. The steam from boiling 

rice. 
IGE 4 f J -f Below what is mentioned; after 

this; hereafter ; inferior: kore yoriige, below 

this, or after this ; samurai ige no mono, 

persons below the rank of gentry. 

Syn. SHIMOTSUKATA, IKA. 
IGEN '4 ? ^ ffi 5$ n. Majesty, dignity. 

Syn. IGI. 
IGETA # f s ft #f n - A well crib. 

S.yu. IDOGAWA. 
IGI R * J$i t$ Imposing, commanding, or 

authoritative appearance; majestic, august, 

princely : tco tori-tsukurou, to adjust or put 

one's self in a dignified posture; tutO, great 

majesty. 

Syn. IKO, IGEN. 
lai 4 & *k Objection; different opinion: 

igi-nashi, no objection. 

I-GI 4 if ^-1^ n. (leg.) Dissent; objection. 
IOIRISU >f ^ ; -z. ft* |ft S. '$ n - England : 

no, English ; no kutuba, English lan- 

guage. 
IGITANAI.-KI-KU-SHI 4^9 + 4 adj. Sleepy; 

drowsy : igitanakute nebokeru, to be drowsy 

and stupid. 

Syn. NEMDTAKI. 

loo 4 d* $& '& After this; hereafter; hence- 
forth: kore yori igo, or kono igo, henceforth. 

Syn. IRAI, KONO KOCHI, BONO NOCHI, KONO- 
KATA. 

IGO # 3* ES n. The game of checkers. 
loucni 4 ? f- j^j ^ n. Hare-lip. 

Syn. MITSU-GUCHI. 
IOURUMI 4 ? )i> I n. Shooting birds with an 

arrow having a cord attached to it. 
IGUSHI 4 / Ss n. A branch of sakaki, on which 

paper offerings are attached and placed before 

the Kami. 
IGWAI 4 ? V 4 ^ ft (omoi no hoka) unex- 

pected ; beyond one's expectations : no 

moke, unexpected gain. 
IOWAI 4 / 7 4 & ft On the outside of : kono 

itabei yori , from the outside of this fence. 
IGYO 4 Y ty |jf -J n. Medical profession ; 

medical business. 
IGYO #y$ ift * n. A great achievement; 

great or extraordinary deed; marvelous ex- 

ploit. 

4 tf -Y & J (' '''-''"^ n - 

Anything strange, unnatural, or monstrous in 
form or shape; heteromorphous : no bake- 



IHM ^^>f {i UJf n. A wooden tablet, on 
\vliich th.- posihumous name and time of 
on is recorded ; this is placed 
in the Hnt*u-d<in. and prayers offered, and 
offerings of flowers, rice, tea, etc., made to it 
morning aud evening. 



IHA 



190 



IIG 



IHAI # ;N 4 I? H 1 Disobedience : sum, to 
disobey; shitjin no iitsnke ni sunt, to 
disobey the orders of a master. 
Syn. SOMDKU. 

I-HAI #'M 3! if (cliigai somuJci) n. Ob- 
jection ; dissent : sunt, to object, dissent ; 
wo in, id. 

I-HAZUSHI.-SU 4>^y-x. $} #. t.v. To slioot 
and miss the target. 

IUEN &*& it -^ n. Failure ; breach of 
promise: yaknsoku wo uru, to fail in 
fulfilling an agreement; naku, without 
fail. 
Syn. TAGAU, SOMUKU, CHIGAERTT. 

IHEN 4 '-.is $, ^ Uncommon ; unusual ; 
strange ; extraordinary : na koto. 
Svn. KWAI-I. 

lino '4 ft u. Five hundred ; many; innumer- 
able : e yama, mountain upon mountain ; 
to*e, many years. 

IHO 4 f^ *} ig- ^ n. A medical presciiption, 
or recipe. 

IHO 4 *\ $ $L ffl (koto naru kuni) n. Foreign 
country: j in, foreigners. 

luo 4 >\ t? $Lia n. Different quarter of the 
world; different direction. 

IHORI J Tfc y n. See iori. 

IHYO 4 ^ tj & ^c (omoi no lioka) Surprising ; 
unexpected: ni izttm, to be greatly sur- 
prised ; to bo taken aback at something un- 
expected. 

Ii 4 4 #r adj. (coll.) Good; well; right; 
fine; pretty; nice: it keshiki, a beautiful 
landscape; itte mo ii, may, or can go; 
mizu, good water; kimono, fine clothes ; do 
demo , any how will do ; ki ni naru, to be 
easy, unconcerned; ja nai ka, is it not 
fine? ka, is it right? kimi da, it serves 
you right. 

Syn. YOT, YOROSHII. 

Ii 4 b $ (ineshi) n. Boiled rice. 

Ii 4 b |q n. Meaning ; signification ; reason ; 
purport ; excuse : kore no ii nari, this is the 
purport ; lore wa nanji no ii nari, you are the 
embodiment of this ; nashi, inexcusable ; 
unintelligible. 

Ill 4 b ffi n. A dam: wo hiraku, to break 
open a dam. Syn. SEKI. 

Ii, In >f 7 "IT t.v. To say, speak, tell, call : 
mono wo . to talk; nan to itta, what did you 
say ? na wo in, to give one's name ; kore wa 
nan to in mono, what is this called? ue wo ten 
to in, that which is above is called heaven ; 
na wa KicJti to in, his name is called Kichi ; 
acJii ye ite so ie, go there and say so ; Sada ni 
sakdiia wo katte koi to ie, tell Sada to go and 
buy some fish ; neg. iioanu or iwazu; neg. per. 
iwnnanda. 

Syn. MOSU, KATARU, TSDOERU. 

II-AI.-AD 4 b r 7 IT <$ i.v. (coll.) To dispute, 
wrangle, altercate, quarrel : futo ii-ai ni natta, 
suddenly began to quarrel. 

II-AKASHI,-SU J b r 1} *. t.v. To confess, or 
acknowledge the truth ; to bear witness to. 

IIARI 4 u 7 9 n. A small red ant. 



II-ATE.-RU >f b 7 7" *- tf ^ t.v. To hit, 
guess; nazo wo ii-ateta, have guessed the 
riddle. 

II-AWASE.-RD >f b 7 ^ -b A- "%" ^ t.v. To talk 
over and agree upon anything ; to talk and 
arrange : myfmichi no koto ii-uwasete okn, to 
talk over and arrange matters for to-morrow. 

Il-AYAMARI,-RU J b 7 "Y V A* ~^ |^ t.V. To 

mistake or blunder in saying or telling any- 
thing: ii-aynmarasern, to cause another to 
make a mistake in speaking. 

IIBITSU 4 b H y & M " -^ tut for holding 
boiled rice. Syn. BEXTO. 

IIBO 4 b itf n. Grains of boiled rice ; a wart ; 
i.q. ila. 

IIBUN >fb7*v "="^7* n. Something to say 
against or about ; some fault to find : omae 
ni ga am, I have something to say against 
you ; ga nai, no fault to find. 
Syn. IIOUSA, MOSHIBUN. 

IICHIGAI,-AU J( b f- if 7 tf oft i.v. To mistake 
in telling; to say or tell incorrectly; to 
blunder. 

II-CHIGIRI,-RU 4 b f* =^r A- "IT ^k i- v - To be 
engaged, or promised to each other (in mar- 
riage). 

IicniRA8Hi,-su or II-CHIRAKASU >f b + 7 ^ 
"o" ^t t.v. To spread about, or disseminate 
anything by talking about it ; to speak abus 
ively. 

IIDAKO >f 4 jf 3 n. A small kind of cuttle-fish. 

IIDASHI,-SU >f b ^^ "" & t.v. To begin to 
speak ; to utter; to speak out or say ; to pro- 
nounce: iidashite ato ye hikanai, having said 
anything, not to retract it. 

IlFUKUMK,-RO >fb7^'^A' "5"^* i-V. To put 

words into the mouth of another; tell one 

what to say; to impress on the mind of another. 
IIFORASHI,-SU >f b 7 7 :* "if ffi. t- 7 - To 

publish, make known, divulge ; to tell and 

circulate anything ; to blaze abroad. 
IIFORE.-RU 4 b 7 i' *- t.v. To accost ; to tell 

and circulate a matter. 
IIFDSE.-RU 4 b 7 M >^ =" -f ^ t.v. To defeat 

in an argument ; to vanquish, refute, confute. 
IIFUSEGI,-GU 4 b 7 -fe ?* ~fT 1^ t.v. . To gainsay, 

contradict ; to oppose in words ; to deny ; to 

defend in words. 
fliGAi 4 b if b n. A ladle used in serving 

out rice. 
IIGAINAKI,-KU-SHI 4 b iJ >f ^ % adj. Not 

worth speaking of; no use in talking about; no 

use in saying ; untrustworthy ; unreliable : 

mono domo kana, how unreliable I 

IlGATAI,-KI-KD-SHI >f b if Z sx ~=" ^f| adj. 

Hard to say, or difficult or impossible to 
speak of or tell. 

IIGUSA 4 b ?$ ~|f f n. A matter or subject 
of dispute ; excuse, pretext : ano Into no iignsa 
ga warui kara hara ga tatxit, I am angry 
because what he said was bad ; no tame ni 
natta, became the subject of dispute ; ga 
nai, nothing to say against it ; no fault to 
find ; ni sum, to make as a pretext ; wo 
tu, to speak against another. 



IIH 



191 



TIN 



IlHAGURAKASHI,-SU >f b ^ 9* 7 1} ^ t.V. To 

turn the conversation to something else ; to 
make to wander away from the subject. 

IIHANACHI,-TSU >f b ^ + t? i.v. To say posi- 
tively or explicitly : inase to mo iihanatarezu, 
I cannot say positively yes or no. 

IIHARI.-RU >f b ^ ^ ~% ?& t.v. To persist in 
saying ; to be obstinate and unyielding. 

IIHAYASHI,-SU >f b ^ -V ^, t.v. To circulate or 
give publicity to ; to bruit, or noise abroad. 

IIHAZCSIH,-SU >f b ;:/*. "IT # t.v. To miss 
or fail to speak of, fail to guess. 

IIHIRAKI.-KU 4 b b 7 9 IT E^ *- v - To 
vindicate, exculpate ; to clear from the charge 
of fault or crime ; to explain or clear away 
charges. 

IlHODOKI,-KD 4 b & lr 9 ~ff fif t.V. To 

unravel, solve, explain, interpret, analyze. 
II-IBE,-RU 4 b 4 \s ** "ff A t.v. To speak 

into ; to propose, offer, put in an offer or bid. 
IIKABDSE.-RU >f b Jj ?' -& H* t.v. To impute, or 

lay to the charge of another. 
IiKAcm.-Tsu 4 b # y zr J$ i.v. To defeat, 

vanquish, beat or overcome in a discussion. 
IIKAE.-RU 4 b * -N ;v "ff j t.v. To change or 

take back what one has said; to retract, 

disavow. 

iiRAEsm,-8u 4 b # ^ * tr ^ *- v - T sa y 

back ; to retort ; to answer back, reply to : 
$hujin ye iikaesu ica hitmt-rei da, it is impolite 
to answer back to one's master. 

IIKAKE.-RU 4 b -fi T ft* =" $ t.v. To impute, 
charge with ; to blame, accuse with ; to begin 
to say, be about to say ; to propose; to accost; 
to address another : nandai wo . 

IIKAKUSHI.-SU >f b 2; 9 *. "If E| t.v. To con- 
ceal or cover over by talking, to palliate, to 
deny the knowledge of. 

IIKAMAI.-AU >f b * -r 7 t.v. To dispute, con- 
trovert, argue against. 

K.-RU >fb#*>*' "if ft t.v. To dislike 
to tell ; to find it hard to say. 

IIKASCME.-RU 4 b # * jt * "If $ t.v. To 
obscure by telling, obfuscate. 

IIKATA 4 b -fj ft -g # n. Way or manner of 
speaking ; something to say : go, nai, impos- 
sible to say it ; nani to ka ga ariso na 
mono, there may be some other way of speak- 
ing or saying it. 

IIKATAME,-RU 4 b # * .* * zj- t.v. To con- 
firm, establish, ratify, settle : eMttatU yakujd 
vo , to confirm a promise with an oath. 

-so 4 b * ^ *. " t.v. To 
exchange words ; to promise; to make a verbal 
Agreement, or engagement : iindti ni m.iclti- 
gawann ?/-"i-7ii t>: i uhn. 

IIKK 4 b ^ n. A vessel for holding boiled rice ; 
i.q. ohucfii. 

IIERRAKU >f b ^ 7 9 prct. Said: Kdthino, 

4 b * -** " vil t.T. To contradict, 
' no haiui$hi ico , to con- 
. '. n n tli. r Rftys. 

^SB,-0 >fb**^^ ^W t.V. To tell, 

f ; to communicate, let know, let hear. 



IlKIWAME.-RU >f b ^ ^ * fc =" ^ t.V. TO 

settle, decide, determine ; to exhaust a 

subject, say all that can be said. 
IIKOME,-RU >f b 3 j A* ~% f| t.v. To confute, 

convince; to silence another in an argument. 

defeat. 
IIKOSHIRAE,-RU 4 b 3 i" 7 -^ >v t.v. To make 

up a story, or to explain a matter falsely, so 

as to clear or save one's self. 
IIKDRASHI.-SU >f b 9 7 * ~5 ^ t.v. To spend 

the whole day in talking about anything: 

oya no koto wo . 

IlKDROME,-RU 4 \Z 9 \* * fr ~=" ^ t.V. To 

blacken by talking ; to dupe ; to color or 
varnish by words : sagi wo karasu ni , 
(prov.) by reasoning to make the white heron 
black as a crow. 

IIKUTASHI.-SU 4 b 9 9 *. t.v. To speak dis- 
paragingly of ; to decry. 

IIMADOI.-OU 4 b * ^ 7 "If ^ i.v. To bo 
confused, lost, or bewildered in one's talk ; 
caust. ii-madowaseru, to confuse or causa 
another to err in speaking. 

IlMAGIRASHI,-SU >fbV^7* ~& fo t.V. To 

speak confusedly so as to conceal the truth ; 

to blind or mystify by talking ; to mislead. 
IIMAKE,-RU >f b -r jr A* -= i.v. To be 

defeated or vanquished in an argument. 
IIMAWASHI,-SD >f b v ^ x. ~^ )W t.v. To talk 

cleverly: to handle a subject skillfully; to 

explain. 
IIMIDASHI,-SU >f b 5 jfx. t.v. To call out, and 

confuse or interrupt a person who is speaking. 
IIMUKAI.-AU >f b A # 7 t.v. To speak back ; 

to oppose. 
I-IN >f >f zs f ^ n. A physician, medical 

man. 
I-IN 4 4 f %fe Q n. A committee : cho, 

chairman of . 

IlNADAME,-RD 4 M + jf * ** "ff^f t.V. To 

soothe, comfort, pacify, console by words. 

IINAOARA >f b +1f 7 adv. While saying ; while 
speaking. 

IINAQASHI.-SU >f b +1fz* t.v. To publish, set 
a-going; to circulate. 

IIXARAI.-AD >f b -h J 7 tr W i-v. or t.v. To 
be accustomed or used to saying ; to be in the 
habit of saying; to learn to talk, or spi ,tk. 

IINARE.-RU 4 b * u *- i.v. To be accustomed 
or used to say or speak ; to talk together and 
become intimate. 

IiNAsur.-su 4 b*]* If $ t.v. To make 
appear so by talking ; to represent, show, or 
make by talking : too too makoto ni , to make 
a lie appear to bo the truth ; urn koto t< 
i , to make out that a thing which is is not. 

IINAZUH 4 b + */ 1r n. Betrothal ; espousal : 
too turn, to betroth. 

IlNAZUKK.-RU 4 \3 +*/ f * ft# t.V. To 

betroth, affiance; to mntnu-t in marriage. 
Ii\iKi'i.-xi-xu-HHi >f b ^ 9 4 "IT Hi n (1 J- 
llnl <.i .liHicult to say; bad, unpleasant, or 

/rceable to say. 

MI, -MO X b ^ * t.v. To speak evil of, 
calumniate. 



IIN 



192 



IIW 



IINOBE.-RU >f h ) -* A- ^ Jt t.v. To postpone, 
defer, put-off; V $; to tell, relate: assatte 
made to , to postpone speaking of it until 
day after to-morrow. 

IlNOGARE,-RU >f b } if I" A* ~% ^ t.V. To 

avoid speaking of ; to evade, shun, or escape 
by saying : nangi wo . 

IlNUKE,-RU >f b 3? * A- "If $C t.V. To Slip Ollt 

of, get out of, or escape by talking. 

II-OKI.-KU >f b % 9 ~|T ]g t- v - To leave word, 
give directions : kttwathiku ii-oite kaeta, leav- 
ing particular directions, returned. 

II-OSE,-UU or II-OWASKUU >f b ;fr 7 -to A. ~|T S-! t.v. 
To impute ; to lay to the charge of another ; to 
blame with: wnga tsinni ico hito ni ii-oicaxeru. 

II-OSE,-KU >f b 3" >f -fe A- t.v. (coll.) Not able 
to mention or speak about : tu-to ii-osenukatta, 
could not introduce the subject. 

II-OTOSHI,-SU >f b 3- i- * t.v. To decry, run 
down, speak evil of. 

IIPANASHI >f b X + 2^ (coll). D. Saying and 
going away without waiting for a reply : ni 
shite ynkit. 

IISABAKI.-KU >f t *)-,*? ~ $)J t.v. To say 
and unravel, unfold or explain ; to clear up 
what is obscure or difficult. 

IISAMASHI,-SU 4 b "9" ^ ^ ~lj~ J- t.v. To speak 
and dissuade from ; to cool or abate the desire 
for anything by talking ; to depreciate. 

IlSAMATAGE,-RU J b V V * $ >U "^ fcfc t.V. By 

speaking to hinder, interfere, or prevent ; to 
interrupt. 

IISASHI.-SD >f b D" ^ "IT l t.v. To leave off 
talking before one is done, owing to some 
interruption. 

tIismoRi,-RU >f b "f A- t.v. To speak dis- 
paragingly of, decry. 

IISHIROI.-OU >f b & P 7 t.v. To dispute, 
altercate, wrangle. 

IlSHIZUME,-RU 4 b V'^^A' "If | t.V. By 

speaking to hush, quiet, or still; to calm. 
IISOBIRE.-RU 4 b y b* ^ A- i.v. Not able to 
speak or give utterance to, as from powerful 
emotions, or want of opportunity. 

IlSOKONAI,-AU >f b V 3 ^ 7 "|f $f t.V. To 

mistake in saying, to commit an error in 
speaking. 

IISOME.-RU 4 b y * A- "If tfj i.v. To begin to 
talk, as a child ; to be derived, or coined, as a 
word ; to be first spoken. 

IlSONJI.-RD ^bVV^A' ~tf?jl t.V. To 

mistake in saying, say incorrectly ; to do harm 

by speaking, 
tli-sosm.-su >f b y :* ~|f | t.v. Same as 

iisugoshi. 
IISOSOKDRE.-RU >f b V V 9 u ^ i.v. Same as 

iisobireru. 
IISUGI,-RU >f b x* iffl' ~=; jg ^- v ' To sav to 

much, or more than is proper; to speak rudely, 

violently or abusively. 
IISDGOSHI,-SU ^ b :* =f x. t.v. To say more 

than was necessary or proper and thus do 

harm. 
IISUKDME,-RU 4 b *. 9 * A- t.v. To convince 

or force to yield or assent to an argument. 



IISUTE.-RO >f b *, T *> ~% j-% t.v. To say and 
go away, not waiting fur a reply : aisatsu mo 
kikazu ni ii-sutete ynhit, without even listen- 
ing to the salutation he said (what he had to 
say) and went away. 

II-TAI.-KI-KU-SIH ^ b 2 4 adj. Wish to say or 
speak; desirous of telling: ano hito ni iitai 
Jcoto ga yuma-yama ant, I have many things 
which I wish to say to him ; iituku nai, do not 
wish to say. 

IITAOSHI.-SU >[ b 9 7 ^. "fT ^j t.v. To over- 
come, vanquish, or defeat in an argument. 

IITATE,-RU >f b % T fl* ~ $, t.v. To set 
a-guing ; to get up or originate, as a story or 
report ; to present in words ; to say, or offer 
to a superior, as a petition or report. 

IITOGAME.-RU >f b h if j* A* t.v. To censure, 
find fault with, reprove, reprimand. 

IITORI.-RU 4 b 1 * ~^1^ t.v. To express in 
words ; to speak, tell, or explain in language : 
kokoro ni wakarite iva iredomo ii-toru koto 
ga mnzukdshii, although I understand, it is 
difficult to express in wo: 

IiTosni.-su 4 b h Tfc^. =" 3$ t.v. To continue, 
or persist in saying; to say constantly: /caftu 
no gotoku iitushi shijil ichi gon mo anitame 
musazu soro, she persists in constantly saying 
so, and does not alter a single word. 

IITSUGI.-OU >f b y '/ *e" f-^ t.v. To pass or 
transmit a word or message from one to 
another: hito no hanasJii wo iitsuide yarn. 
Syn. KOTOZCKERU. 

IITSDKAWASHI,-SU -{ b 9 * ^ :* "5" '^ t.v. To 
tell or say to another by a messenger ; to send 
a messenger to say. 

IITSDKE 4 b y >r n. A command, order. 

IITSUKE.-RU 4 b y jr ;u -ff ffj t.v. To give 
orders ; to command ; to bid ; to tell, inform. 

IITSDKI.-KU >f b y 9 i.v. To approach and say 
anything to another. 

IITSUKUROI,-OU >Tb?^p7 ~|f#$ k - v ' To 
mend, repair, or adjust by words. 

IlTSUKUSHI,-SU >f b 9 ^ 7, ~& $& t.V. To 

exhaust a subject ; to say all that can be 

said. 
IITSUME,-RU 4 b y * A- = t.v. To corner; 

to put one in a tight place in an argument ; 

to silence, confute. 
IITSUNORI,-RU >f b y ) A- "*" ^ i.v. To grow 

warm in an argument ; to become more and 

more excited or severe in talking ; to persist 

in saying. 

IlT8UTAE,-RD >f b 7 . ^ A* "" fH t.V. To tell 

from one to another ; to hand down by saying; 
to preach to others; to disseminate. 

IITSUZDKE,-RU >f b ? '/ ^ A- t.v. To continue 
to speak ; to take up and continue when 
another has left off. 

IIWAKE >f b y jr "$"|5 n. Explanation; ac- 
count ; apology; excuse; extenuation: wo 
sum, to offer an apology or explanation ; 
ga nai t nothing to say in explanation ; no ex- 
cuse. 

IIWAKE.-RU >f b 7 & A- t.v. To explain, clear 
up, or make plain ; to make a distinction. 



inv 



193 



IKA 



IIWATASHI >f b V H is n. Sentence (of a judge). 
IiWATAsni,-su 4 b 7 X *. "if # t.v. To pass 

a word or order to another ; to give orders ; 

to give judgment, decide; to pronounce 

sentence. 

IlYABURI,-RU >f b -V 7* * If tH t.V. To 

divulge ; to break a secret ; to confute or con- 
vince: kakushita koto wo , to divulge a 
secret. 

ITTE 4 4 *- ^ adv. No ; is not ; am not ; (used 
in answering in the negative). 

IIYO 4 b -V If \ IL n - Way, or manner of 
speaking, pronouncing, or saying ; mode of 
speech or utterance : mnzukashikute ga nai, 
it is so difficult I cannot say it. 
Syn. II-KATA. 

ITYORI,-RO 4 b 3 * "if ^f i.v. To approach 
and say ; to court, woo. 

IIZAMA 4blf^ -=$ n. Way of speaking; 
habit of saying; (generally used in anger or 
contempt) : no wand hito, one who is in the 
habit of speaking in an ill-tempered or 
blackgunrd way. 

LJI -f if J2. ^ (ktiicatta koto) n. Anything 
strange, unusual, uncommon, or extraordi- 
nary. 

k j 4 f /1 $L n - Spirit; temper; disposition; 
obstinacy : no tr<mii Jtito, a bad-tempered 
person ; cross ; ill-natured : wo haru, to be 
obstinate, cross-grained ; ni naru, to be- 
come obstinate ; no kitanai, greedy (of 
food). 

KI, KOKORO. 

ki 4 ? $&. & (mochi kotaeru) *ur, to 
support, maintain ; to continue in the same 
state without succumbing ; to hold on : kono 
thinbitmhi wo *uru, to support this news- 
paper. 

-i.-RU J j> ,i *, ^ fa fe i.v. To be 
obstinate, headstrong, unyielding. 

-KI-KU-SHI 4<pifjt + j adj. (coll.) 
Gluttonous ; greedy ; fond of good eating. 
IJMJI 4 ? 4 ? suru, to fret ; to be irritated; 
peevish : kodomo ga , the child frets, or is 
peevish. 

LJIKAIU-MATA >f i? -ft 9 v 9 adv. de aruku, 
to walk with the legs widely separated ; to 
walk in a straddling way. 

I/TM,-BU >ff-*^A- i.v. To shrink, contract 

a smaller compass ; to be small or stunt .i-d ; 

- ijil;<>rn, to shrutf up with 

cold; konnji u-<i ijikete dekita,lli'\x letter 

in written very small. 

IHME.-HU 4?**- t.v. (coll.) To bully, 
bt< ' lencc ; to vex, tease; 

to annoy ; to cliafe : hito wo ijimcni ; inu wo 
to tease a dog. 

^ % A n. A barbarian, forci 
Syn. YKBI8O. 

* 1* v #. A (kotonarn Into) n. An old 
man endowed with HUJH ruatural powers, sup- 
posed to live auioi)K tin nionntuins. 

) I-KTJ 4 -/ > -^ 4 a.lj. Lovely; 
charming (an a child): ijiraihiku om< 
regard as lovely. 
a 5 



IJIRI.-RU 4'f*' %. t.v. To handle, to feel, 
meddle with ; also, to oppiess, vex, tease ; to 
insult: ttmto ijiri-nnsan-na, don't handle it 
much; Id ijirisuru, to play with fire. 
Syn. SAIN AMU. 

LJIRI-DASHI.-SU >f f-* >; jf x. t.v. To drive away 
by persecuting, vexing, or oppressing. 

IJITSU >f & y JL g (kotonan hi) n. Another 
day. Syn. TAJITSU. 

IJIZUKU >f ?-''/:? ^iife^ Excited ; roused to 
obstinacy ; overbearing : ni mini, to become 
excited and unyielding, as in a dispute. 
Syn. HARI-AI. 

Ijo >fs?-Y if T^ (t^koshi gaki) n. A will 
or any writing made by a dying person and 
left for the instruction of others. 

Ijo >f &W J-^-t adv. Above; before: rokiij n 
nen ijo, above 60 years. At the end of a letter, 
=this is the end, or conclusion, =finis : c/m 
yori no moan, persons above the middle class. 

Iju #f=LJr %'$.*. (coll.) Dwelling; resid- 
ing; living: sum. 
Syn. SUMAI, JUKYO. 

IjO >f <f $ ^ -( (utsuri snmn) n. Removal 
or changing one's dwelling place ; emigration 
from one country to another: nin, an 
emigrant. 

IJUTSU 4 s? a. ? ^ ^ n. The medical art ; 
practice of medicine. 

IKA >f ^j M -f adv. Below ; below this ; from 
this on; henceforth; after this: chu ika no 
mono, persons below the middle class. 

IKA 4 * fa M n. The cuttle-fish. 

IKA >f -ft ^ ^ (kimono kuke) n. A rack or 
stand for hanging cloth on. 
Syn. IKO, MIZOKAKE. 

tlKA 4 u n. Fifty days ; fiftieth day ; the 
celebration on the fiftieth day after a child's 
birth. Syn. OOJCNICHI. 

IKABAKARI >f # ,t u *) #> ft] |-|- (nani 7<"M 
adv. How much? how great? very grt.it: 
ka nreshikaro, how great was his joy 1 

IKADA >f -ft ^ ^ n. A raft of timber. 

IKADASHI >f -ft ft Ss ^ $ifi n. A raftsman. 

IKADE >f ^r T adv. In some way ; how ? why ? 
=do yu wake de ; mint koto mo gana, that 
I might in some way see it ! 

IIKADE-IKADB 4 U ? 4 U T adv. I pray that, 
beseech, please : kikase tamae, plcu- 
me hear. Syn. pozo-pSzo. 

IKADEKA 4 -fj =f u fy (dfahitf) adv. How? 
why? kin-i' >n nmsaru bfki, how can it be 
better than this ? taru koto no aran, how 
could such a thing be? 

SyU. NANISHITK, DOSBITX. 

IKAOA 4 -fj -ft iV f^I adv. How? why? what? 
doubtful, hesitation : !<, or itato, what 
shall I do? ir*li<iiin<iiin. how are you ? yo 
ni ii-i knrni r. . b<-in'douhtful 

aliotit returning in the night; kore wn de 
gozani, how is this? mir/ii tra 
>M, how is the road? l>i/,',iiiii if 
, how is the sick man? to rix/v/m, to 
explain, or state the rca.si-:. nuau. 

tiyn. DO, 



IK A 



194 



IK A, 



IKAGASHII,-KI-KU-SHI 4 2; if ^ 4 %P ffi 1ft. adj. 
Doubtful ; dubious ; uncertain : amari ikagathii 
kara itashimasen, as it is very doubtful, 
I shall not do it. 

Syn. OBOTSUKANAI, UTAGAWASHII. 

IKAHODO 4 % -fr ffl fl How much? aru, 
how much is there? mo nai, have not 
much : hone wo otte mo dekinai, how much 
soever I labor, I can't do it. 

Syil. DORE-HODO, NANI-HODO, DONO KURAI. 

IKAI 4 jj b Jz adj. (coll.) Great; big; 
enormous; much: koto aru, have a great 
many; uao, a great lie; tawake mon da, 
a great dunce ; o sewa ni narimashita, I 
have given you much trouble. 

Syn. OKI, TAKURAN. 

IKAI & * 4 li f n. Bank; grade: wo 
snsnmn, to rise in rank ; wo sadamem, to 
fix the number and order of ranks ; no 
hikuki, of inferior rank ; no takai, of high 
rank. Syn. KPRAI. 

IKAI 4 # 4 W $ n - Medical etiquette: 
wo mamoru ; wo i/aburu ; ni xcmukn. 

IKAKE,-RU 4 -ft >r >\* $g #f t - v - To repair pots, 
kettles, or any kind of castings : nabe wo , 
to mend a kettle. 

flKAKEJi 4 n iff n. A kind of gold lacquer. 

IKAKE-YA 4 # tr -V $v fjg. n. A tinker; a 
repairer of utensils made of cast metal. 

flKAKi 4 -ft 3f. adj. Bold; courageous: 
kokoro, courage. 

IJAKD 4 & V 9 W 5 n. (med.) Dyspepsia ; 
indigestion. 

IKAMESHII,-KI-KU 4 -ft * 1*4 ^ J^t a ^j. Hav- 
ing a stern, severe, or fierce appearance; 
magnificent: idetachi, clothed in a fierce 
or imposing manner. 

Syn. IKATSUI, ARAL 

IKAMONO-GUI 4 -ft =t ) 9 4 fa $7 *t n - (coll.) 
One who dares eat anything. 
Syn. AKU-JIKI. 

IKAMONO-ZUKURI 4 -ft qe } y 9 9 n. (coll.; A 
maker of spurous articles. 

flKAMONOzDKURi 4 # ^ ) *S y } ) n. A fearful- 
looking weapon ; a name given to a sword. 

IKAN 4'ft'z/ W \$\ adv. Of interrogation, or 
doubt ; how ? what ? to gum, what shall 
you do? to mo sum koto nashi, I can do 
nothing; kore wa ikan to mo siibekarazu, I 
cannot possibly do this ; cannot in any way 
do this ; ikon to nareba, to give the reason ; to 
state why; because; ikan zo yuku beken, how 
can I go ? Syn. DOSHITE, DOMO, IRANI. 

IKAN 4 U ^ & f$ n. (med.) Cancer of 
stomach. 

IKAN >f # v 3J ^ n. Begret ; sorrow ; remorse : 

no itari, extreme regret. 

IKANAREBA 4 -ft + \s ,3 (same as ikan to 
nareba) For the reason that ; for ; because. 

IKANARU 4 U + ** $p fpj adj. What kind? what 
manner? ywje, what reason? kore wa 
fnmmai zo ya, what kind of conduct is this ? 

hito jn, what kind of a man ? kyo wa 
Jtichi nichi zo, what a lucky day this is ! 

Syil. DONO-YO NA, DONNA. 



IKANI 4 -ft ^ $p fpf pron.oradv. Of interroga- 
tion, or doubt; how? what? sen, what 
shall I do ? kimi wo ikani tabakari nasan, 
how can I deceive my master? ikani shite mo 
yoi, any way will do; ikani ya, how is it? 
to nareba, if you ask how; the reason is; 
because. Syn. DOSHITE. 

IKANIMO 4 % ^ ^6 adv. Indeed ; very much ; 
very well ; greatly : zonjite orimasu, I know 
it very well; taike no ydsu, it had very 
much the appearance of a rich house. 

IKANOBORI >f*7ijf9 ^^n. A kite: wo 
tobnsn, or wo agent, to fly a kite. 
Syn. TAKO. 

IKANU, IKANAI, IKAZU 4 -ft ^, ~%\'ft (neg. of ikn, 
coll.) Not going; will not go ; will not do: 
ikn yori ikanu ho ga it, it is better not to go 
than to go. 

IKARASE,-RU 4 % y -te ^ <* "fa (caust. of ikari) 
To make angry ; to anger, enrage. 

IKARASHI.-SU 4 -ft 7 "X. t.v. To move: kata wo 
, to move the shoulders (as in walking). 

IKARE.-RD 4 Jj is A* ^f (poten. of iku : coll.) 
To go ; can go : nai, can't go, can't be done. 

IKARERU 4 Jj u A, ^ adj. Angry: yanshoku t 
angry countenance. 

IKARI 4 jj 9 ^ n. An anchor ; wo aapru, 
to heave the anchor ; no tsume, the fluke 
of an anchor ; wo orosu, to cast anchor; 
zima, an anchor cable. 

IKARI 4 -ft 9 ^ n. Anger: wo okosn, to 
excite anger; woftikttmu, to feel angry, 
wo nadamem, to soothe anger. 

Syn. HARADACHI, IKIDOBI. 

IKARI.-RU 4 * * ?^ i.v. To be angry, ihatte 

mono wo in. to talk in anger. 

Syn. OKORU, HARATATSU, RIPPUKTJ. 
IKARI,-RU 4 Jj ** *fc i.v. To be put into the 

water and kept alive, as a flower : kono liana. 

wa yokn ikarimashita, this flower (in water) 

has kept well in bloom. 
tlKARi-i 4 % 9 4 n. A savage or angry wild 

boar. 
IKARU 4 U ** ^ Jfc n, The grossbeak, or 

linnet. 

IKARUOA 4 % ;v if n. A wild pigeon. 
IKASAMA 4 % y -r -fsj fHi adv. How; in what 

way ; but in coll. used in expressing surprise 

or assent to what another says ; indeed, 

truly : go de gozarimasho, yes 1 it is so. 

SyU. GENI, NAROHODO. 

IKASE,-RU 4 ~h -fe A- Q- f f (caust. of f kii) Used 
in com. coll. for yiikasem, to make to go; let 
go; to send: ikasete kudo tare, let nif go; 
hito wo Tokyo ye , to send a man to Tokyo. 

|-IKASHI,-KC-SHI 4 -ft J' adj. Prosperous; full 
of grain, as an ear of rice ; stern, fearful. 

IKASHI,-SD 4 -ft x -^ t.v. To restore to life, 
revive; to let live; to keep alive: shini-ka- 
katta hito wo knsuri de ikasu, to revive one 
almost dead with medicine; ighi wo ikathite 
tsnhnn, to use stones (in a garden) so as to 
add to its beauty; knne wo ikaxhite tmtkau, 
to spend money usefully ; tort wo ikashitc oku, 
let the bird live. 



IKA 



195 



IKI 



IKATA >f jr & fg n. A mould, matrix for 

casting; i.q. iguta. 
IKATSCGAMASHII,-KI-KU 4 "ft y if T v' >f adj. 

(coll.) Rough; harsh; rude iu manner. 
IKATSCI.-KI-KD 4 U ? 4 adj. Rude; harsh; 

rough in manner ; churlish : hito, a person 

rough in manner. 

Syn. ARAI, HAOESHII. 

IKAYESHI.-SD 4 *^x. $ft J*. t.v. To shoot 
back : ya ir o , to shoot an arrow back. 

IKA-YO 4 : jj -y $P fa adv. How ; in what 
way : <fe mo yoroshii, any how will do ; 
na frofo nite mo, in any affair whatever. 
Syn. DONO-YO. 

IKAZTCHI >f * t/ f- ^ n. Thunder. 

S.Vn. KAMINARI, RAI. 

IKE >f 4r In vulg. coll, is used often as an affix 
to adjectives to intensify their meaning, as 
ike-zumi ; ike-bnto. 

IKE >f >r fa n. A pond, artificial lake. 

IKE,-RO 4 >r A> fe, or t.v. To keep alive ; 
to be alive : hutia wo , to put flowers in 
water so as to keep them alive; sakana wo , 
to keep fish alive by putting them in a basket 
in the water ; ikete oku, to let live; ilmrithi 
toki, while he was alive. 

IKE.-RD >f jr >i- g t.v. (coll.) To bury in the 
ground; to plant : gomi wo tsnchi id , to bury 
litter in the ground ; hashira wo , to set up 
or plant a post ; haka ni , to bury in the 
grave; 7ii wo , to cover fire with ashes. 
Syu. DZUMERU. 

IIE.-RU >f jr ti' ff vf (poten. of t/cu, com. 
coll. for yukeru) Can go; kono michi wn 
ikeru ka t is this road passable? konnichi 
Tokyo ye ikeru ka, can you go to Tokyo to- 
day? 

IXE-ARAI >f ff T *) b n. Washing anything 
without injury to the color (by using kerosene 
oil). 

IKEBAXA 4 /*) $ ? n. A flower kept alive 
by patting in the water. 

IKEBI 4 >r t? n. Coals of fire kept alive by 
covering with ashes. 
Syn. UZCUIBI. 

IODOBI.-RU 4 T i? A. 4j| t.v. To take 
alive; take prisoner: hito wo , to take a 
man prisoner ; Khihn im , to catch deer alive. 

IxxrczAKK.-nu >f jr 7 tf jr ** i.v. (coll.) To 
play roughly or rudely : to romp. 

-' 4 TV \ & n. A live hedge. 
4 T 4 .& 2& (oisore uyamau) $uru, to 
fear and reverence. 

1 * 4 tf & n. (med.) Gastrodyuia. 

^^ at* 3S n. An offense 
against police regulations; a misdemeanor: 
taibaruhn, police court. 

IimoRi >{ * c- '^ \% % n. A kind of food 
made of raw fiah. 

4 *y & JR. or %Ji n. Counsel; 
advice; adm*. ; roof ; opinion: wo 

.i.Ri-1, admonish : wo hi, 
to give one'* opinion, or advice; wo mo- 
not to follow advice; gaki t a 
written opinion. 



IKEN 4 * is ffi 4$ n. Authority, influence, 
power. 
Syn. ISEI. 

IKEN >f ^ ^ ^ J^ n. Opinion ; judgment ; 
idea ; view : wo noberu, to give one's 
opinion. 

IKE-KAOARA >f >r + ** ^ adv. While keeping 
alive ; while still living ; so as not to kill : 
sakana wo rydru, cutting off the flesh 
of a fish while still living and prepare it 
for eating. 

IKKXAI 4 p } >f ^ vf ?f (neg. of t'fcu, to go) 
Cannot go ; used in com. coll. in the sense of, 
of no use, bad, won't do, can't do: kono fude 
wa , this pen is bad, or of no use; barn 
sutete okure, as it will not do, throw it away ; 

koto wo shita, I have committed a great 
blunder; otenki ga warukntte ikenai, the 
weather is so bad I can't do anything; am- 
bai ga warukntte ikemasen, I am so unwell I 
can't do my work; kono uchiwa wa ikenakn- 
natta, the fan is done for; or, no longer 
fit to use ; ikenaku sum, to make bad, or 
worthless. 

IKENDATE >f p */ jt ' *? ^.^^n. Giving 
advice; admonishing: suru, to advise, 
admonish ; kdshaku na , lecturing and 
preaching to one. 

IKEN-GAMASHII,-KI-KU >f^ r v^'^^>f J|. ^ ft 
adj. Fond of giving advice or admonition : 
amari koto wo iu na, don't be always 
giving advice; or, I want none of your 
advice. 

IKENIE 4 >r ^~* $ n. Sacrifices of things 
that have life ; animal sacrifices : 100 ageru, 
to offer an animal in sacrifice; hito wo 
ni agern, to offer a human sacrifice ; hito no 
];<nc<iri ni wo agent, to offer an animal in 
sacrifice instead of a man ; hito no tame ni 
ni naru, to be a sacrifice for man. 

IKESU 4 ? ^ ^k ^ n. A pond or basket in 
which fish are kept alive. 

IKI 4 ^ ^ n. A boundary, limit, region. 

S\ll. RAKAI, BA. 

IKI >f ^ ^ u. The breath : wo sum, to 
breathe; wo hiku, to draw in the breath; 

wo fuki-dasu, to blowout the breath; 
wo fuki-kactu, to begin to breathe again (aft* r 
suspended animation); wo nonde nakn, to 
cry holding the breath ; wo ttukn, to sigh, 
to take breath ; tco kittf kurti, to come out 
of breath ; ga tn> i 1'nathing; 

ga kirent, to be out of breath, short- 
win.lcd; to die; wo ttumeru, to hold the 
Im nth ; no ne wo tomeru, to cut off the 
head; ga hatumn, to cutch tho breath. 

IKI 4 % n. (coll.) Neat and iu the fashion ; 
styliHh; genteel; refined : <tvo <>nm wa da; 

in" n,i tt -I : demo yabo demo knmawanai. 
IKI 4* $$, n. Spirit: yoydtothiU 

aruku, to walk in a light-hearted cheerful 

way, or in good spirits. 
IKI <f + & |& n. A document by which a 

rank is couf erred. 
I KI 4 V n . Life : i/uni, life and death. 



ITCI 



196 



IKI 



lKi,-ntr 4 ^ ft i.v. (com. coll. for yuku, to 
go) It te mo ii. you may or can go ; Kanapnwa 
ye itte knru, to go and come back from Kana- 
gawa ; itte totte koi, go and bring ; Tokyo ye 
itta told, when I went to Tokyo ; itte iniru, to 
go and see ; hitori ikimasho, I will go alone ; 
omae Tokyo ye ikeba tanomitai, if you go to 
Tokyo I have a favor to ask ; t/cn ka ikann ka 
shirimasen, I don't know whether I shall go 
or not. 

Syn. MAIKU. 

IKI.-BU or IKU >f * )\> & i.v. To be alive ; to 
live: ikite-oru, living; ikita sakana, live fish; 
naga-iki, long life; iki nagara jigoku ye 
ochiru, to go to hell alive ; sen jo kara ikite 
kueru, to return alive from battle; ikite ita 
Jibuti, while he was alive. 

IKIAOTOKE 4 % tf V >r ". A live or visible 
Hotoke, applied to a virtuous Bud. priest. 

IKIBDRE >f ^ y u n. Defilement by coming 
in contact with something unclean. 

IKI-CHI >f^f-n. The blood of a living person. 

IKI-CHIGAI 4 % f- # h n. Variance. 

IKIDAWASHI,-KI-KD ^f^^yy adj. Having a 
difficulty in breathing; panting; wheezing. 

IKIPORASHIKI.-KU ) 4 % Y* 7 ^ * adj. Feel- 

IUIDOROSHIKI ) ing angry ; having the ap- 
pearance of being angry. 

IKIDOBI >f * b* ft 9 ^ n< Anger; resent- 
ment ; iudiguation : wo fukumu, to feel 
angry. 

Syu. IKABI. 

IKIDORI,-RU >f $ b* * * ffi i.v. To be angry ; 
to be in a passion ; exasperated ; enraged ; 
incensed. 

Syn. HARATATSU, IKARU, BIPPUKU. 

IKIDOSHII,-KU >f 3 1 l^ <h S' >f adj. i.q. ikidawa- 
JUI. 

IKIOAKE-NI >f * if V ~ f f & adv. (coll.) 
While going ; while on the way : yotte 
kudusare, call while you are going ; Kanagawa 
ye ikipake ni unjosho ye yoru, when you 
are going to Eanagawa stop at the Custom- 
house. 

IKIGIRE >f ^ tf u/ ,% J# n. Hard breathing ; 
short-winded ; out of breath : ga sum, to 
breathe with difficulty; ni natte shinu 
dearo. 

IKIOUCHII,-KI-KU ^f^/f-i' adj. (coll.) Suf- 
focating : kemukute , it is smoky and suffo- 
cating. 

IKIOUCHISA 4% $5* -if n. The degree or state 
of suffocation. 

IKIOUCHITTAI,-KD >f ^ ff-y Jt >f adj. (coll.) 
Suffocating. 

IKI-IDE,-ZURU >f ^ >f */ fl* i.v. To come to life, 
revive. 

IKIJI 4 * F |r ^ ^ n . Obstinacy ; stub- 
bornness ; headstrong ; an unyielding tem- 
per : tro liaru, to show an unyielding 
temper, or obstinacy ; ni iiaru, to become 
stubborn. 

IKIKAERI.-IIU 4 * D *. *- ^ t.v. To return to 
life, revive, come to life again. 
Syn. YOMIGAEBU. 



IKIKUSAI.-KI-KU >f ^ ^ -9* -i & | adj. Hav- 
ing a foul or stinking breath : hito, a 
person with an offensive breath. 

IKIMAKI.-KU >f ^ -* ? $t HJ i.v. To be out of 
breath; to breathe hard, or pant; to storm, 
fume, as an angry person: ikinuikite araku 
nonoshiru, breathing hard, he scolded violently. 

IKIMI J * * | & n. (eoll.) Straining; 
urgent desire to go to stool or to urinate; 
tenesmus ; bearing down pains of labor: 
ga knru, the pains have come on. 

IKIMI.-MU >f * A | ^ i.v. (coll.) To strain, 
press, or bear down, as at stool, or in labor: 
ko wo nmu ni ikimu; ikinde doiben wo sum. 

IKI-MI-TAMA yf^^^v ^.^p^n. The 
spirit of a living person, especially the parents. 

IKINA >f * * ^^ adj. (coll.) Lively; gay; 
stylish ; tasty ; elegant ; refined ; graceful : 

koe, lively voice ; cwua, a stylish woman ; 
iki ni, gracefully. 

Syn. FOBYU, SUINA. 

IKINAGADOBI >f ^ + if ^ 9 n. The long-diver, 
a name applied to the widgeon. 

IKINAGABAE,-RU 4 % + -tf 3 ~. ji> ft- 4$- i.v. To 
live ; to exist : te orn nchi ni nozomi ya 
togetai, as long as one lives he has hope of 
realizing his desire ; yo ni , to live on the 
earth. 

Syn. ZOMMEI. 

IKINARI 4 %. + y ni, adv. Abruptly ; sud- 
denly ; without ceremony: ni thite oku. 

IKI-NO-O 4 % ) J n. The cord which bin.la 
one to life ; life : ni waga mo kimi, you 
whom I lovingly regard as the cord which 
binds me to life. 

IKIOI 4 % -fa b 3$, n. Power ; force ; momen- 
tum ; strength; spirit; authority; might ; 
influence; business; trade; condition; state: 

no tsnyoi hito, a man of great power or 
authority ; no ft uma, a spirited horse ; ?/a 
no , the force of an arrow : tama no , the 
force of a ball; ito no ga yoi. the trade in 
silk is active; wo nuku, to miss the chance. 

Syn. KEN-I, KENSHIKI, ISEI, KEISEI, ABISAMA. 

IKIBE >f ^ u n. The warmth, heat. 
Syn. ATRUSA. 

IKIRE.-RU 4 * UA- $j| i.v. To be very hot 
and close, sultry ; to be musty, or spoiled ; 
rancid, rank, mouldy : liidoi ikire de yozari- 
maxu, it is very hot; kusu-ikire, the odor of 
hot grass; ikire-kusui, of a musty smell; 
rancid. 

Syn. MUSHI-ATSUI, MDSU. 

IKIRI,-RU >f ^ A> %\ ty t.v. To cut in two by 
shooting with an arrow. 

IKI-RYO >f ^r 9 -y ^r . g n. The spirit or 
ghost of a living person: ga tori-txuita, 
bewitched or smitten by some one living. 
The opposite of shi-ryu. 

IKISEKI TO >f ^ -fe ^ h adv. Hurried breath- 
ing; panting; blowing: tachikaern, come 
panting back. 

IKI-SHINI >f ^ S^n i 56 n. Life and death; 
living and dying: no nmi, the ocean of life 
and death, i.e. this world (Bud.). 



IKI 



197 



IKO 



IKISU >f ^^ n. A grating upon which articles 
are placed for keeping dry, or fresh. 

IKISU-DAMA 4 $ * if ** $t g The spirits of 
the dead ; a ghost (generally malicious). 

IKISCOI 4 % *. Jf ff i$ n. (coll.) One who 
makes a show of knowing or doing what he 
knows nothing about ; a pretender, braggart. 

SyU. DESUGI, NAMAIKI, KI1TAFO. 

IKITAE.-RU >f ^ 2 *- ** #g ,fk i.v. To expire, 
die; to give up the ghost. 

IKITODOKI.-KU 4 % }> f* ? t.v. Coll. for yufcf- 
todoku. 

IKITSUKI 4 $ y % fa Q n. (coll.) Breathing 
times; time of resting from work; recess; re- 
freshment : n j ippai nomu, to take a dram 
in the interval of rest ; nt aezu, without a 
moment of breathing time. 

IKI-UME >f ^ t? jt n. Buried alive : su-nfn 
ni sareta, several persons were buried alive. 

IKI-UTSUSHI >f ^ # y ^ <. $J n. Life-like, or 
exact resemblance ; copied to the life. 

IKI YAK A 4 ^f-Yft adj. Fresh (as fish); lively; 
animated. 

IKIZASHI >f ^ -9-* ^ i^ f$ n. The breathing, 
respiration. / 

Syn. IKIZUKAI. 

IKIZEWASHII,-KU ^f^-i/VS^ adj. Breathless 
from haste or sicknt 

IKIZUKAI >f*7*ftb $,!& n. (coll.) Respi- 
ration ; breathing : ga arai, breathing is 
hard, or loud; wo shite kikase-nasare, let 
me listen to your breathing. 

IKIZUKASHII,-KI-KU >f * 7* ft *, %> adj. Breath- 
ing hard; panting; blowing. 
Syn. AEOU, IKIDAWASHI. 

IKIZUMI.-MU >f ^ 7* A i.v. To breathe with 
difficulty; to pant. 

IKIZUYK 4*7*^ ,t # n - The staff carried 
by chair-bearers or coolies to rest the chair or 
burden on when stopping. 

IKK A 4 9 ft ^ fj (contraction of iku ka) 
What day? how many days? kon-nichi wa 
ikkn, what day of the month is this? ikka me 
ni kaerimasn ka, on what day will you return? 
mo ikka tatte kimatho ka, in how many days 
will you come ? 

IKKA >f 7 ft #r One load (for a man): no 

i'>ad of goods; no hakobi-chin wa 

ikura, what is the charge for carrying one load? 

IXKADO >f 7 ft h* ^ft adv. Especial; par- 

iittle ability; having something 

that commands respect : honeotte kothi- 

tiikcn particular pains to make 

thin ; no hit*, a man of ability or repute. 

>f7ftv,<y jf ? n. Articles 
of paper thickly pasted over a frame of 
wood and varnished. 

IKKANAI 47ft*>f fc ft n. One family ; 
a family. 

IKKAMIO 4 7 ft i> Sf^fn. One place; 

a KII 
IKK 4 7 r Jft One family having the 

family uuuic. 



IKKETSU 4 y p y ^ iri, to make a 
resolution, come to a determination ; to re- 
solve : mnyowazu ni snrn. 

IKKI ^ y % ^ n. A revolt, mob, insur- 
rection : wo ofcoau, to excite a revolt ; ga 
okoru, there is a mob. 
Syn. TOTO. 

IKKI >f -y ^ ^ By one's self; self alone; 
without connection with others : de shobai 
wo ynrn, to do business alone (without a 
partner) ; 710 ryoken, one's own opinion or 
judgment. 

Syn. IKKO, MIZUKARA, HITORI. 

IKKI >f y % %% u. A single horseman : 

to-sen, a horseman who will face a 
thousand. 

IKKO >f y a ^ pron. Self : ware , one's 
self. 

IKKO >f 7 ft $ 1?J adv. Wholly ; quite ; 
exceedingly. With a negative verb, not at 
all : zonjimasen, don't know anything about 
it ; a?io hito wa mienai, he is not to be 
seen. Syn. SAPPARI, HITASURA. 

IKKO-JIN xf^35?v ^ A O e 8-) ^- n 
individual ; one person. 

IKKOSHO >f y ft t? Is*? jfcj ^ n. A name 
given to the Jodo sect of Buddhists. 

IKKWA J y 9 y f-P Harmony; accord; 
agreement : kanai ga suru, the family is 
harmonious. 

IKKYO 4 y % 3 ^ ^ uru, to live in 
comfort without labor. 

IKKYO >f 7 * 3 ^i adv. One effort ; one 
blow ; one charge : tada nt senie-yubnru, to 
defeat with only one charge; A-MTII no ;i*i 
fcono ni art, the safety of the country de- 
pends on this effort ; ryo tofcu,=to kill two 
birds with one stone. 

IKKYO >f7*3# ^n. A pleasant time, 
frolic, diversion : wo moyosu, to get up a 
frolic. 

IKO >f ft 1} (coll. fut. of iku) I will or shall go : 

to omote mo hima ga nut, I thought of going 
but have no time. 

IKO >f a 7 fa See ikoi. 

IKO 4 ft $ adv. Very; exceedingly (a provin- 
cialism) : tea rut, very bad ; yorothi, 
very good. 

Syn. HANAHADA, KRAKU. 

IKO # ft 5J f$ n. Manuscripts or writing 

left by a d ; -"ii. 

IKO >f ft i> ^ p^ (Jkono fcata) adv. II 

forth. 
IKO 4 ft # Iff n - A ra ^ or stand for 

hanging clothes on : knl 
iKd # 9 V V (ft , n. Majesty, glory, power. 

Syn. IHEI. 
IKOI.-OU >f a 7 ,(/, i.v. To rest : t&ou *ofo 

<iMicatu, cannot rest. 

Syn. YARUMU, KYCHOKD BURO. 

IKOJI >faf adj. (coll.) Obstinate, stubborn 
and vexatious; annoying: na yaUti; 

MHO, 

ilKOJi,-zo 4 3 ?C t.v. To pull up by tho 
roots, era i 



IKO 



198 



IMA 



IKOKU 4 a ^ H. @ff n. A different country, 
foreign country. 

IKON # 3 v aj ft (no/coru urami) Malice ; 
resentment ; enmity ; spite or ill-will : wo 
fitknmu, to retain malice. 

IKOROSHI,-SD 4 u p *. %j % i.v. To shoot 
and kill with an arrow. 

IKOWASHIMI,-MD >f 3 ^ y A ^* ,1?, (caust. of 
7/fot) To cause, order, or let rest. 

flKOYAKA, IKOYOKA 4 =t *t JJ adj. Dignified; 
genteel, refined. 

IKU >f 9 See t'fci, to go. 

IKU 4 ^ $ adv. How many : do, how 
often? fa/;*, how often? tari, or iiin, 
how many persons? e, how many folds, 
how often ? 7ca, or nichi, how many days ? 
frm/a ; toshi; yo ; asa ; ri, how 
many miles ? man, how many myriads ? iku 
hodo mo naku, in a very short time. 
Syn. NANI. 

IKUBA 4 9 ,s n. A mark for shooting at with 
the bow. 
Syn. MATO. 

IXUBAKU 49*<9 ^ flF (nanihodd) A certain 
quantity or number ; an indefinite number ; 
some : mo nashi, not much, or a little while. 
Syn. IKURA. 

IKUBI &}* ffi SJ| n. (lit. pig-neck) Short 
necked: no hito. 

IKUGUMI.-MU 4 9 ? * i.v. To feel indignant ; 
to be angry. 
Syn. FOZUKUMU. 

IKOHISASHII,-KI-KU >f ^ b -f ^ $fc ^ adj. A 
long time; a long time to come: medetaku 
soi-toge nasare, I wish you much happiness for 
many years (in congratulating a newly- 
married couple.) 

HKDHITARUHI >f ^ b . A- b *. EJ J5L EJ n. 
Good or lucky day; fortunate day. 

IKUJINAI.-KI-SHI 4 9 *? + 4 adj. (coll.) Devoid 
of spirit, or courage ; weak or craven-hearted ; 
pusillanimous, idle, lazy: iknji nonai hito. 

IKUKUSURI 4 9 9 *. V n. Life prolonging 
medicine ; elixir of youth. 

UKUMIDAKE >f 9 \lt>r n. A bamboo having 
a tln'ck foliage. 

IKUN # ^ y Jg =|il n. The commands, instruc- 
tions, or will of a dying person : kumpu no 
wo mamoru. 

IKON 4 9 y If: ^ (oi naru tegara) Great 
merit. 

IKURA 4 9 J $fc fa adv. How much, how 
many : de gozarimasu ka, how much is it ? 
nedan wa , what is the price ? kono lion wa 
ma da ikura mo aru, have still many of these 
books ; demo yof, as many as you please. 

Syn. DORE-HODO, NANI-HODO. 

UKURI >f 9 9 n. The stones or rocks on the 
shore or bottom of the sea. 

IKUSA 4 ^ $ !fi n. An army ; war : suru, to 
war, to fight ; wo idomu, to challenge to 
fight ; ico idasu, to march out an army ; 
hikiyn, to lead an army ; no dogu, weapons 
of war; no kimi, a general. 

Syn. GUNZEI, TATAKAI, KASSEN. 



Since then ; ever 
mukathi , from 



Bank and office 

The stomach. 

n. Full dress: 



IKUSABITO >f 9 -f tT h n. A warrior, soldier. 
tlKDSAYOBAi 4 9 1r a /< b n. The shout of an 

army about to engage in battle. 
IKUSO 4 9 y adv. (nam* hodo, dono kurai) 

Several tens ; many tens ; many ; how many ? 

710 hito, many persons ; tabi, many times. 
IKUSOBAKU >f 9 y ,* 9 adv. Many ; very 

many ; how many ? 

IKUTSU 4 9 y ^ ^ How many : kazu wa , 
what is the number? how many? omae no o 
toshi wa , how old are you ? 

Syn. IKURA, NAMBO. 

IKUYE-NI-MO >f 9 ^ -. ^ Used in beseeching, 
imploring, or requesting.earnestly, urgently : 
yoroshikn o tanomi mo$himaru t I urgently re- 
quest ; tanomi-masii, id. 

IKWAI >f p y 4 fg ^ n. Medical society. 

IKWAN 4 9 V ss *$ <jr n. (med.) The oesoph- 
agus. 

IKWAN 4 9 V ^ M. aS a ^ 
since ; from that time 
ancient times. 

Syn. KONOKATA, in A i. 

IKWAN # * p v {4 ^ n. 

IKWAN >f 9 V y ^ % n. 

IKWAN 4 9 V y fc % 
tadasJiilii. 

IKYAKU ^ ^ -V 9 ^ $p (coll.) suru, to bo 
troubled, annoyed, perplexed. 

IMA #-* % f$ n. A sitting room. 

IMA 4 -r -^ adv. Now ; the present ; modern ; 
more; soon: no yo, the present age or 
generation; yori, or kara, henceforth, 
after this ; .ooro, or jibim, now, at 
present; made, until now, to this time; 

sukoshi, a little more ; tma t/a ima ya to 
matsu, to wait in momentary expectation ; 
hitotsu, one more ; ima ni, now, presently ; iina- 
deki, of modern make; hi tori, the other 
person ; ichido, once more ; kaeran, will 
return HOOD. 

IMABITO >f v b* h n. A new acquaintance. 

IMACHI-NO-TSUKI ^ -r f- ) y % % ffi ft The 
moon on the 17th day of the month (o.c.) ; it is 
worshiped, the people watching for its rising. 

IMADA >f -r jf adv. Yet, still ; with a neg. 
not yet : konn, not yet come ; fconu mae 
ni, before he comes ; wataku^hi mo imada Yo- 
kohama ni orimasu, I am still living in Yoko- 
hama. 

Syn. MAD A. 

IMADASHIKI ^^^f^Sf. adj. Crude; immature. 

IMAI >f v b ^ |f[ n. The posture or attitude 
in shooting the bow: gn <i*)ui. 

IMA-IMA >f v 4 -<r adv. At once ; immediately ; 
soon : to naru, to be at the point of death. 

IMA-IMASHII,-KI-KU 4 T 'f ** ^ 4 & & 3fc adj. 
Disagreeable ; disgusting ; unpleasant ; pro- 
voking; unlucky; very; exceedingly: koto 
wo iu na, don't speak of anything disagree- 
able or unlucky. 

Syn. IYA-NA, FUKITSU-NA, HANAHADASHI. 

IMAMAIRI >f w # V n. New coiner (of a 
servant) : hattuka='\ new broom sweeps 
clean. 



IMA 



199 



IMI 



lMAMKKAsnn,-Ki-KU >fvp^;^"f ^f^t. Mo- 
dern in style ; like the present custom ; fashion- 
able. Syn. IMAYO, TOSEI, FfNA. 

IMAMEKI.-KU 4 v * ^ adj. Same as imame- 
kashi. 

IMA-SARA >f -r -9- f 4 s " ?C a< *v. Now at last; 
now (after so long a time); with a neg. no 
longer; no more : so wa iwarenai, it is too 
late to say it now ; kdkwai shite mo oyoba- 
imi, it is now too late to repent ; rydji shite 
mo naorimasen, no treatment will now be of 
any use ; wo yd ni nboete odoroku, it took 
me by surprise, though I had expected it. 

flMASHi 4 v ^ adv. Then; thereupon; at last 
=fokodf ; ydyd. 

I-IMASHI j v $, ft- pron. You. 

IMASHI,-BU >f -r ^ fc i.v. To be ; to dwell, 
used only of gods or superior beings : kami 
wa ten ni imam, God is in heaven, 
Syn. OWASHIMASU, OOZARU. 

IMASHI.-SU # -r :*. f i.v. To be ; to dwell, 
live : danna wa ncld ni imasu ka, is your 
master at home? namban Jii imasu ka, what 
is the number of your house? imanen, is not at 
home; imnshita, I was. Syn. ORU. 

IMASHIOATA 4 * *s H 9 <$> -fr adv. (coll.) Just 
now ; a moment ago. Syn. SENKOKU. 

IMASHIMK >f ^r 5^^ ^ n. Instruction, admoni- 
tion, caution, counsel, warning, correction, 
punishment, reproof, prohibition ; confine- 
ment, bonds : kami hotoke no , the correc- 
tion or chastisement of the gods; wo nairn, 
the cord with which criminals are bound; 
hidoi t au, to get severely punished; 
tro toku, to release or untie the cord by which 
one is bound. Syn. SRT-OKI, KORASHIME. 

IHASHIME,-RU >f -r v' * n- ^ t.v. To admonish, 
caution, counsel ; to warn ; to threaten ; to 
punish; to correct, chastise; forbid, prohibit ; 
to bind with cords (as a criminal) : kodomo wo 
, to instruct a child in the right way ; toga- 
nin iro , to punish a criminal. 

IMASRIWA >f -r i- ^ /^ Now (same as ima wa, 
the thi being redundant). 

flMAsuKARi.-Ru ) >f v * *r A* i.v. To be ; to 

IMAROKARI j dwell ; (same as imatn). 

IXAWA >f -r j\ i^M (niattu go) The end of 
life ; the time of death : no kiioa, moment 
of death ; no tuki, id. 
-JO. 

{IMAWARI, or IMAI 4 -r 9 n. Abstaining from 
Uan thingH ; purification. 

IMAWARHH.-KI-KO >f ^ /\ ^ >f fe adj. Dis- 
agreeable ; odious ; offensive ; unpleasant ; dis- 
11 able. 

LUYO -f ^ -v V ^ Jjfi n. A song currpnt at 
any particular age ; also, the present or 
modern style ; fashionable : wo utau ; 
tugata. the present style of dress ; tro, a 
deep red color. 

IMBAM 4 v,-v frj $1J n. A seal, stamp : 
ock-cutter. 

Kfi, INOYO. 

-f >tf rftdt Obscure; abstruse; difficult 
of cuiupiehension. 



, or IMFBI >f A u* ^f i^C n. Sacred fire, 
such as is kindled in a Miya. 

IMBO >f ^ ^ ^ El f Secret intrigue or 
plot ; a conspiracy : wo kuwadattm. 

IMBON 4 ^ if ^ ^\L Adultery : snni, to 
commit adultery. 

IMBOTSU >f > i y f$ v^ sum, to die, perish. 

IMBU >f v 7* Ff $Il (kakmhidokoro) n. The 
private parts ; secrets. 

'!ME >f ^ ^. n. A dream (same as ynmt). 

jlMEBiTO >f ^ tf h n. Persons who used tho 
bow and arrow in the ancient hunting excur- 
sions of nobles. 

IMEI >f * >f io5 ^ n. The will or commands, 
left by one dying, used especially of the 
Tciuht. 

fIiEKr,-KU >f ^ y t.v. To bite. 

IMI >f 5 ^ n. Meaning, sense, signifi- 
cance: 710 fnkai koto, an affair of deep 
significance ; nnni ka imi no aru koto, a 
matter which has some meaning. 

IMI 4 \ Jft$ n. Purification ; abstaining from 
unclean tilings; dislike. 

IMI <i \ fc n. The mourning on the death 
of a relative: ga kakaru, to be in mourn- 
ing; ga aketa, the period of mourning is 
ended ; chichi no imi, mourning on the death 
of a father ; no nchi, during the time of 
mourning. 

IUI.-MU -f A ^ t.v. To dislike, have an 
aversion for, disgust for ; to avoid ; to shun, 
abstain from; to be superstitious: shind<i 
mono wo mini wo inni, to avoid looking at a 
dead body ; ashiki kotoba wo , to avoid using 
unlucky words ; kegare wo , to shun an 
unclean thing ; kono knsuri wa hurami onna 
ni beshi, this medicine should be avoided 
by pregnant women. 

Syn. KIRAU, NIKOMU, SAKERU. 

IMI-AI >f 5 T b n - The meaning, sense, 

signification : ga waknranu. 
IMI-AKE 4 \ r * & Hfl n. The end of 

mourning: ni naru. Syn. KI-MKI. 
IMI-BUKU 4\-f9 & IR n. Clothes worn 

during mourning: ga knkarite. wa kami 

ye ma imrr nn, we must not visit the miya 

wln-n dressed in mourning. 

Syn. KIBDKU, MOFUKD. 

IMI-CHIOAI 4 \ + -fj b n. Misconstruction; 
mistake in the meaning. 

IMI-OOMKN 4 \ 3 * v ,^ fit [fc n. Excused 
from mourning in order to attend to one's 
duty: wo <> m. 

IMIMAHAKAHI.-UU >f ^ />/<?* A. i.v. To be 
timid, modest, ilifl'nlrnt: kotn naki, bold- 
ness ; freedom from diffidenoe. 

IMIJII,-KI-KU 4 \V4 adj. Grand; splendid; 
excellent; beautiful; exceedingly; very: imija 
mi tore /tint yo, a very sleety ni| 
nre$hii, very sad ; on keihiki no imijiki wo 
mi-t(itfmat$urtba, when he seen your < -r 
lency's splendor ; annum > mi t,itr- 

mutmri, the woman also ap|>entcd exceedingly 
beautiful; umnki hiyaguto nan, it la ai) 
egregious mistake. 



IMI 



200 



INA 



IMI-KIRAI.-AU 45*77 & $jfc t.v. To 
dislike, regard with aversion or disgust ; to 
shun. 

IMIKOTOBA -f ? u h ,Z & %*\ n. A word or 
phrase substituted for one that is unclean or 
which relates to Buddhism, and should not be 
uttered before the kami. 

IMIMONO >f = * ) & Wti n - Things which one 
avoids or abstains from ; forbidden things. 
Syn. KIMMOTSU. 

IMINA 4 \ -^ |$ n. Tlie name which a person 
receives on arriving at the age of fifteen. 
Syn. NANORI. 

IMIYA 4 \ -Y ijjfflf ^ n. A house where devotees 
purify themselves before engaging in the 
worship of the hami. 

IMMEI >f ^- * 4 $j( <JJj- sum, to die, perish, 
lose one's life. 

IMMON ^ >^^ f ff n. (med.) The vulva. 
Syn. OYOKU-MON. 

IMMOTSU <\ ^ ^ y ^ typ n. A present. 

IMO >f ^E *f- n. An edible root, potato : ta- 
ttftmo-ilNOi sweet potato; jagatara-imo, com- 
mon potato; sato-imo, the taro; yama no 
iino, or narjn-imo, a kind of long edible root. 

flMO >f ^e %. n. Wife; a woman; younger 
sister; used also in addressing a woman, =my 
darling, my dear, you: ga sode furenishi hi 
yori, since the day I touched your sleeve. 

IMO 4 qe y$. : }& " The scars left by small-pox: 
fjao, a face pitted by small-pox. 
Syn. ABATA. 

IMOBATAKE 4^,*2>r ^f- ^ n. A potato field, 
potato patch. 

IMOGARA 4 * # 3 ^ t n. The stems of the 
taro plant. 
Syn. ZDIKI. 

IMOGARI 4 qg a 9 jft. |^ n. The house of a 
woman with whom one is in love. 

flMoi, or IMOORI >f ^ b n. Purification from 
uncleanness ; also sacred or clean food. 

IMOJI 4 ^ -J j.%. (coll. for yumoji) n. The cloth 
worn around the waist by women. 

IMOJI J = *? Same as inumoshi. 

IMOMUSHI 4 ^ A ^ .^ $ n. The large green 
caterpillars found on the taro plant. 

IMONO >f qe ) $j| $7 n. Articles made by cast- 
ing in moulds; a casting. 

IMO NO-KO >f ^ } 3 n. The root of the 
sato-imo. 

IMONOSHI >f ^e ) ^ ^ tyg $% n. A founder, 
caster of metal utensils. 

IMOPPORI ^ ^ ? ,-tf i; (coll. for imo-hori, a potato- 
digger) used only fig. for a low rustic, a 
bumpkin, clod-hopper. 

IMORI # ^ y ft ^ n. A kind of water lizard, 
newt. 

IMOSE ^ ^ -fe ^ ^ (//*, obs.). Husband 
and wife : 710 katane ; naka. 

IMOSHI yf ^e jx n. Same as imogara. 

IMOTO or IMOTO >f ^ ^ + -fa n. Younger sis- 
ter: mtt/io, the husband of a younger 
sister. 

IMPEI 4 ^s$4 El 1$ (kakushi ou) uru, to 
Lide, conceal, cover. 



IMPON >f > ^' v ft? ^ n - A printed booi. 
Syn. HAMPON. 

IMPON -f v ^ v ^ ^ (tro /;ofo) n. Lowd, 
licentious, or dissolute conduct : no vticlii 
wo oshiynrn, teaching licentiousness. 

IMPU >f v/ ^ n. An adulterous or lewd 
woman. 

Syn. INRAN NO ONNA. 

IMPU 4 ^ 7 $ % $( Lascivous or lewd 

manners. 
IMPUKD >f f-f 9 J^| ^ (kakure-fnsu) sum, 

to lie concealed ; to lie hid : tozoku hora ni 

sum. 

flMUBE >f A ^ n. An earthen vessel used in 
making offerings to the Kami. 

I-MYO /f 5 -V # IjL -g n. Another or different 
name; a nickname. 

IN &* {$ n. A rhyming syllable: tco/umu, 
to rhyme ; wo tsugu, to match a word so as 
to rhyme. 

IN >f v $]) n. A stamp, seal : w?o osu, to 
fix a seal : to stamp. Syn. HAN. 

IN >f v jfe n. Licentiousness; lewdness : 
tco fcoftomu, to be licentious. 

IN * v (% n. A house near a Buddhist temple 
for the residence of the priests, applied also to 
the residence of the knyc and of a retired 
Emperor, to a school-house, court-house, 
government office, or hospital. 

IN >f v p n. A kind of magic ceremony, 
incantation, or hocus-pocus, performed by 
folding the hands in various ways and pray- 
ing, used by the sect of Shingon and Yama- 
bushi : wo musubu, to perform the above 
incantation. 

IN >f v fHi n. The female principal of 
Chinese philosophy ; the male is called yd : 

tco konomu mono wa hiyatu; in yd nihi no 
hataralci nite ban-bntsn want, all things are 
produced by the action of the male and female 
principles. 

IN yf v /^ (kage) n. Shade; shadow. 

IN xf v % | n. The preface to a book. 

INA 4 * ]%.& n. A kind of river fish, 
the mullet, said to be the young of the Bora, 
Mugil cephalus. 

INA >f * ^ adv. No ;" not so ; a negative 
particle: to in, said no; ni wa aranu 
keshiki, appearing not to be averse to : Imnja^ 
whether or no ; how ; as soon as : Tokyo ye 
yuku ya inaya, whether going to Tokyo or not; 
inaya wo kiku, to inquire whether or no; 

wo mdsn, to say whether or not ; kikn ya ina- 
ya kayetta, he returned as soon as he heard it. 

Syn. IIYE, IYA. 

INABA J( + ,z n. The leaves of the rice plant. 
INABIKARI >f -^ b* * 9 1 n. Sheet lightning. 

Syn. INAZUMA, DENKWA. 

INABUNE J+-/3* n. A' rice boat; a boat 

loaded with rice paid as tax. 
INADA 4 + jf *& $ n. A kind of seriola. 
HNADAEI >f -Y jf % Same as itudnki. 
INAGARA >f + if =) n. Rice straw. 
IINAGI >f + 3f n. A wall or breastwork 

anciently made of rice straw ; rice castle. 



INA 



201 



INI 



IXAGO >f -h u* i$ n. A kind of insect that 

infests rice fields ; a locust : inuro, id. 
INAGUKI >f + / * n. Eice stubble. 
INAGURA >f * / y n. A storehouse for keeping 

rice. 

INAGUSA >f * y -9- n. Eice in the stalk, i.q. nie. 
I-NAI >f ^->f $ fa On or towards the inside: 

kore yori ini bekarazn, must not enter 

within this, or inside of this. 
INAJIMI,-MD # * s? * ^ .^'j i.v. To become 

used to living in; to be at home in, or 

accustomed to a place. 

Syn. IXARERU. 
INAKA # -* -ft ^) n. Any place away from 

the capital ; country : ni oru, to live in the 

country ; mono, a countryman, rustic ; 
country style (of dress, or manner) ; 

Jnisai, boorish, rustic , udo, a countryman. 

Syn. DEXSHA. 
INAKABI.-RU # + -fj ^ *, i.v. To be countrified ; 

to be rude or rustic in manner and appearance. 
INAKAMEKI.-KO # -) ft * ? i.v. Countrified; 
ic ; rude in manner and appearance. 

SyU. INAKABIRU. 

;i 4 -f- 3 ^ n. A hatchei for separating 
the grains of rice from the stock. 
IXAMI.-MU 4 + A g$ t.v. To decline, refuse, 
deny : kimi no use inami-gataku, I cannot 
refuse to do as my lord says ; kataku inamu, 
firmly decline. 

. JITAI SURU, JISURU, KOTOWARU. 

ISAMURA 4 -h A 7 fg n. Stacks of rice- 
straw. 

IXA-MCSHI >f -h i ^ n. The rice-insect, locust. 
.SI.-KU >f+-*-^ % i.v. To neigh : wroa 
ga , the horse neighs. Syn. IBO. 
IXANOME >f *- } * n. Daybreak; early dawn. 
Syn. AKATSDKI. 

HI.-RU # -h lit ft- % ^[ t.v. To change 
one's seat, or adjust one's self in a seat. 
IHASE >f + -b - na, adj. Gay; foppish; 
dandyish : otoko. 

?. 4 + -fe adv. Yes or no ; willing or un- 
willing: tomo, whether willing or not. 
IMAOSEDORI >f ^ t * -b K 9 n. The wagtail. 

"BI.-UO ^ + 7 7" ^ ^J i.v. To sit in a 
row, or in ranks. 

I-NABK.-RU #+ \s *, ^4)1) t.v. To be used to 
a place, become familiar or accustomed to 

i place : kono it ni inarete oru. 
Syn. INAJIMD. 

IAR,-BO >f-MxA- f; i.v. (coll.) To be gone, 
leave: kyakii ga inareta, the guest has left. 

Syn. YUKU, BARU. 

IJIARI >f + .; ft ft n. The god of rim. who 
employs the fox as his servant, worBhiped 
i>o horse day of the 2nd month (o.c.). 
4 +*t n. "AH 

LUTHURUBI >f + 7 *, \f %} ^ n. Lightning as 
eon in a Hummer evening. 
Syn. INAZUM A. 

4 +tr Same M iya-5. 
f-"/^ f&4tD. Lightuing. 

M 



IX-CHI >f v^- gj ftfc Same as m-t (Bud.). 

IXCHI >f i^f- (Eng.) Inch=8.38184 Am. 

INCHIN 4 ^ + ^ fcj ft! Wormwood. 

INDARI >f t/ jf y Swapping; exchanging; barter: 
ni sum, to swap, trade. 

INDO 4 ^ 1* P /! n. India : Tdindo, East 
Indies. 

INDO >fv^*^ ^|^: (micliibiku) n. Guiding, 
showing the way, but commonly spoken of 
funeral ceremonies performed to guide the 
soul to the other world: ico watdsn, to 
j perform funeral services for a deceased 
person. 

INE.-RU >f ^ >u $ i.v. To sleep; to be in bed. 
Syn. NERU. 

INK >f ^ f n. Eice in the stalk or while 
growing ; paddy : tco ftarn, to cut or harvest 
rice ; wo koku, to thresh rice by drawing it 
through iron teeth. 

INEMORI # ^ * 9 *& %fe n. Dozing ; drowsy ; 
to sleep while sitting: wo snru, to sit 
dozing. 

INGEN >fvyv|j^5.n. A kind of white 
bean, Phaseolns vulgaris. 

INQIN >f v^r v ^ 3^[ Polite; courteous; civil; 
kind : noaisntsti, a polite or kind welcome ; 
hito wo ni motenuxii, to entertain a person 
courteously; burei, over-polite and an- 
noying. 

Syn. NENGORO, SHINSETSU, TEIXEI. 

INGO 4 $s -J f^ | (kaknshi kotolxi) n. Dis- 
guised, secret, or concealed language ; an 
enigma, riddle. 

INGO >f v a* 7 g] ^ adj . Inhuman ; cruel ; 
hard-hearted : na shito. 

INGWA >f v / 7 g) ^ n. (A Bud. word; I'M, 
the cause ; gwa t its fruit or effects) Conduct 
or deeds and their reward ; cause, reason : 
no mukni, retribution, or punishment for one's 
deeds in a previous state; no me ni <m, to 
meet the reward due to one's deeds, as wh<-n 
some misfortune befalls one; nnn no de 
konna knro wo turn, what evil have I done 
(in a previous state) that I should suffer such 
trouble ? 

INGYO >f v^-V # f p ^ n. A seal, stamp. 

Syn. HAN, IMRAN. 

IN-I 4 v# ft] li (Bud.) The existence of 
Buddhist deities in an inferior state previous 
to their deification : o toki. 
IXI.-NU /f X ft i.v. To go; to leave; the past. 

Syn. YDKU. 

IMS 4 nv ft & Trust, charge: *ru, to 
\ in charge, entrust, appoint: 
.;'"', a letter of authorisation. 

i. ITAKQ BURtT, YUDANKHU, AZOK1 

i >f i' ^i pp. of ini yukithi, gone, 
past : toxhi, a past 

IK 4 iJ^'s Past times or ages; an 

tiiiK*; nntii|iiity : no hito, ac no 

niiclti, H' ; yori ttuttncurn. 

down from antiquity. 

4 f 4 ? fi it n - Betirement, seclu- 
sion : ICQ konoinu. 



INJ 



202 



INS 



INJA J( v s?-V f^ 3 n. A hermit, recluse; 
one who lives in retirement, or has forsaken 
the world. 

INJI yf j.' s? Pi: $ (kakureta koto) n. A con- 
cealed or hidden affair ; a secret, mystery : 
wo abakn, to divulge a secret. 
Syn. MITSUJI, NAISHOGOTO. 

INJI >f v *p p J& n. Marbles ; a sham battle 
(obs.) : wo nt*u, to play marbles. 

INJI -}j: z/ i? j$ ^p n - The last, or rhyming 
syllable in Chinese poetry. 

INJI /f jx s? @. |$ n. Obscene talk. 

INJI 4 z/ $ (cont. of mis /it) The past. 

INJD >f v ? n. |% j. n. The superior of a 
monastery, abbot. 

INJU 4 v & n. H ffc (frazu) The number of 
anything : tawara no , the number of bags ; 
hito no . 

INJDN >f v sJn. v g]{/f sjtrit, to procrasti- 
nate, delay, temporize ; to put off from day 
to day : warui koto wo aratameyo to omoi- 
nagara wru; kosoku. 

Syn. NOMDEN-OURABI. 

INKA >f j^ # p "vf n. A graduation, or 
diploma given to a pupil on becoming pro- 
ficient (Bud.). Syn. MENKYO. 

INKAN >f v^v p ij n. A stamped ticket 
shown as a passport ; a ticket, a pass. 

INKEN 4 zs *r "^ fj\ ]>L snru, to introduce, as 
a foreign official to the Emperor. 

INKI >f ^ * pf ^ Cloudy ; dark ; dull ; 
sombre; gloomy : no ttc/ii, a gloomy house ; 

na hito, & gloomy person ; ni hi, gloomy 
day. 

INKO >f v a 5$ ^ n. A parrot. 
Syn. OMU. 

INKO >f > ?] $ @ ? f (midara no okonai) n. 
Lewd conduct; licentiousness. 

INKWA >f v ^ 7 Pt ^ n - A n< ^ * phos- 
pliorescent light, ignis fatuus. 

INKYO >f v ^ 3 |^| Jg n. Living in retirement 
or seclusion ; retired from business : kagyo wo 
ymntte wo sr, to resign business and 
retire into private life. 

iNKYd >f v * -Y Hi ? n. (med.) Membrum 
virile. Syn. HENOKO, MARA, CHIMBO. 

INNEN >fv^v gj $ n. (Bud.) Affinity or 
relation in a previous state of existence, 
according to which the condition or lot in this 
life is supposed to be determined ; cause, 
reason, secret affinity, relation, or connection : 
turn 710 de. nttngi shimasu, what is the cause 
of this affliction? do yil. de ho ntittn, what 
is the reason of my being in this condition ? 
sngn-se no innen yue do mo thikata mo nai. as 
it is owing to a cause which existed in a 
previous state there is now no help for it. 
Syn. INOWA. 

INNIKU 4 v 9 ft? $j n. The ink or coloring 
matter, generally mixed with cotton, which is 
used for sealing or stamping. 

INNO 4 ^ ) t? R|-f n. (med.) The scrotum: 

suishu, hydrocele. 

Syn. KIN, KINTAMA. 

INNOKO 4 v > 3 Coll. for inugo. 



INNOKO-INNOKO >fv>?3>fv73 The nnme 
of a song used by nurses in hushing children. 

INOCHI J( ) f- ^> n. Life: wo tasukcru, 
to save life ; wo nshinau, to lose ; wo 
otosn, id.; wo nobasu, to prolong life; 
too tamotsu, to sustain, or preserve life; wo 
oshimn, to love life, or to be afraid of losing 
one's life ; shirazu, regardless of life, reck- 
less ; wo liirou, to pick up one's life, or to 
escape from imminent danger; atte no 
vionodane (prov.), only in life can we have 
pleasure; wo suteru, to throw away one's 
life; no ktitjiri, the end of life; the whole 
life ; ga cJiijimaru, life is shortened ; ga 
nagaraem, to prolong the life, to live ; wo 
kdkerti, to risk the life ; ni kakarn, to be 
at the risk of life ; wa fuzen no tomoshibi 
(prov.), life is like a candle in the wind; 
wa takara no taknra, life is the most precious 
of all precious things ; no mizu, tears. 
Syn. JUMYO. 

INOCHI-OAKB >f ) ^ H P 3$ f3< adj. Hazard- 
ous ; dangerous ; perilous to life : no shigoto, 
dangerous work. 

INOCHI-OOI >f ) + a* h $$ ^ n. Asking or 
praying for life : koroxo to sliitara wo s)iita, 
when they were about to kill him, he prayed 
for his life. 

INOKO # ) n ^ 3- n. A small pig. 
Syn. BUTA. 

INOKORI,-RU >f ) 3 * i.v. To remain behind; 
to be left. 

INOKOZUCHI >f ) a jf f- n. Hyssope (?), Achy- 
ranthes aspera. 

INORI >f ) ') f^- n. Prayer, supplication : 
wo sum, to pray ; ga kiita, the prayer is 
answered. 

INORI,-RU >f 7 * f ft i.v. To pray; to supplicate; 
to invoke evil upon; to curse: Kami ni , to 
pray to God ; tsnmi wo ynrusJii tumne to , 
he prayed that his sin might be forgiven ; 
kokoro ni ma koto nakereba shirushi na&lii; 
hito wo , to pray for evil to come on another ; 
hito wo inoreba anafutatsu (prov.). 

Syn. KI-T5 SURU, KI-SEI wo KAKERU, NEOAU. 

INORI-KOROSHI.-SU >f ) 9 3 P ^ "J?. 3 t.v. To 
kill by prayer; to pray the gods to kill. 

INOSHISHI # ) Is $/ %$ n. A wild hog : 
muft/m, a soldier who fights until death, but 
never retreats. 

INRAKO >f ^ 7 fr jfe $ n. Carnal pleasures ; 
sensual enjoyment. 

INRAN >f v 7 v ^ $[ n. Venery; lascivious- 
ness; lewduess : wo konomu, fond of veuery; 
na hito, a lascivious person. 
Syn. iRO-ounni. 

INRITSU >f v ; y ffi f$ n. Musical tone : 
wo tadasu ; wo xhiraberu. 

INRO 4 v P ty i^yj f| n. A nest of small boxes 
carried suspended from the belt, used for 
carrying medicines or the seal in. 

INRYOKU >f v 9 3 f 7,\ -ft n. (phy.) Attraction. 

INSAKI >f v "9" ^ ^ Former times; past 
times : tto koto too omoi-megnrasu, to think 
over the past. Syn. MUKASHI. 



IXS 



203 



IPP 



INSATSU >f v # ? p $] suru, to print, 

publish : kyokit, publishing bureau. 
INSHI >f v ^ p $ft n. Stamped paper : zei, 

stamp duty. 
INSHI 4 v 3" K < & A retired scholar or 

learned man who lives in seclusion. 
INSHIN >f v ^ v == ff n. Tidings, word, com 
munication, account, message: 0a 7jat, 
there are no tidings ; wo tsuzuru, to send 
word. Syn. OTOZURE, TAYORI. 

ITSU 4 ^ Ss y Pis Fl; u - Kindness, or 
charity done in secret. Syn. IN-TOKU. 
INSHO >f v i'-Y flr f.g ^ n. (med.) Internal 

congestion : no shukan, internal fever. 
INSHO >f J' J' -Y f p ]|L n. A seal, stamp. 
Syn. i NO YO, HAN. 
1 4 v $s 3 $ ^||i c - A quotation for 
proof or confirmation ; a reference adduced as 
proof. 

INSHOKU >f v $s 3 9 ffc -f (now KHI) Drink 
and food : sum, to eat and drink wo 
ttuttufhimii, to be careful about what one eats 
and drinks. 

D >f S^VTI. f^jg {sake wo nomu) Drinking 
wine, or ardent spirits. 

4 ^ yy g] la (nareru) n. Confirmed 
habit : no hisasliiki tsui ni yamwu koto 
ataicazn. 

'- *u -f v y ? ^| $ i/iiAi-tru) tnru, to 
lead, command, as an army. 
INSO >f v^. $ P j n. Even numbers. 

Syn. CHO. 
INSD ^ v ^ g |}[ n. The number : nani 

hodo. what is the number. 
Iwn >f i'^ # # ;K t2. Tne semen. 

Syn. SEIYEKI 

INTAKU >f ^ * 9 fg.%? n. Th dwelling of a 
person living in retirement. 

^ ^ 9 -fy fa ^ (makoto ni atani) nan/, 
hitting the point 

IXTOKU 4 > > 9 p^ f % n. Charity or meri- 
torious deeds done in secret: too tsinnu. 
Syn. ZENGON. INSHITSU. 
'- 4 v h v 1^ j$ uru, to retire from 
the world, become a recluse : j'a, a hermit. 
Ip # y ^; Jg (neg ot ir) Not in : tnu ka, 

is he in? taa&aita, was not in. 
Io -f x ^ n. A dog , also Ht. ou of the 12 
calender signs : no ko, a pup ; ga kado 
wo mamnrn, ihe dog guards the house : ga 
koeru, the dog barks , no toki, 8 o'clock at 
night; no kat<i. the W N. W.; - ga kami- 
the dogs fight; wo kcthikakeru, to set a 
dog on; jini wo turn, *o die like a dog, 
useless and unknown; kai ni tc wo /. 

' have the hand bitten by the 

RO 4 * A. ndj. The past; the last; 
(se iiiij: tnnrn tot hi no go gwattu, fifth 

last year. 

> PI ifi n. A long rain. 
MTOBAI ) 3 n . Figures of logH 

m *de iach carried when a < 

taken to a mn/a to worship; they are sup- 
posed to defend from evil. 



INUBASHIRI >f 5? /* Ss 9 n. A very narrow path 

between the wall of a shiro and the moat. 
UNUBITO 4 5? h* h n. A name given to the 

Imperial guard. 
Syn. HAYATO. 
INUFUSEGI >f 5? 7 -fe ^* n. A lattice screen 

placed before a door to keep dogs from enter- 
ing the house. 

INDGIKU J 5t * 9 n. Tanacetum marginatnm. 
INUGO >f s a* S i^ f| n. A swelling of the 

lymphatic glands in the arm-pit or groin. 

Syn. YOKONK. 
INU-I >f 5? # n. A species oi rush, Juncus 

japonicus. 

INU-I 4 5? # $L n. The north-west. 
INUJINI >f 5? 3? n. A dog's death ; useless 

death. 
INUKAIBOSHI >f 5? * b tf Ss The constellation 

Aquila, or Herdsman of the Chinese fable. 

Syn. KENGYO. 
INTJKI,-KU >f 5? 9 %-\ ^ t.v. fo shoot an arrow 

through ; pierce by shooting. 
INDKORO >f 5? n p ^j -^- n. A pup. 
INUKUI 4 5? 9 b n. A dog- fight; setting dogs 

to fighting. 

INU-MAKI J( 5? -^ ^ n. Podocarpus macrophylla. 
IND-O-MONO ^^^^^^ ^Cj^^n- A kind 

of sport, consisting in chasing a dog and 

shooting at it with the bow and arrow from 

horseback. 

INUTADE >f 5J Z fr E. Polygonum nodosum. 
INYEN >f v Ji v Same as innen. 
INYO >f v a ^r ^J ^ (/rj'A-t mochiyu) n. (gram.) 

A quotation : *jirii, to quote. 
IN-YO 4 v -V T> flt ST The male and female, 

or active and passive principles of nature, 

according to Chinese philosophy. 
I-NYO 4 -J- 1} ] $$ *uru, to surround, 

encircle. Syi<. KAKOMU. 
I-NYO 4 ^ ^ oS ^- v me ^-) Urinating when 

asleep. 

Syn. NESHOBEN. 

IN-YOKU >f v 3 ^ #g gj^ n. Lascivious de- 
sires; lust; lewdness; venery. 
INZEI 4 *M4 ^P ?t n. Stamp duty. 
IN-ZKN >f 2^-tf v |^ ^ n. A writing or order 

from a Mikado who has retired from the 

throne. 

INZO 4 v* Q |fc i-Q- trwfi ' 
1-6 >f !7 ^ J^JL ^i (froio katn) Since: *<iio foJti 

t/ori , since that time ; tma yori , henoe- 

forth. 

V'ij $f (see hni) One on 

glass full : mitu ga ni nntt<i, it is 1>< 

full of water; nt tnugu, pour it full ; miu 
/</, please give me a glass of water; 

tmhi . u full year. 
IPPAI >f 7 /< 'f flfc (^io ma**) A single 

defeat: r/n mninirrrn. 
IPPAKU >f ? /< 9 ^ (coll.) Stopping for 

one night, n* in traveling: ftn na> 
IPPAN 45 adv. Wh<-l.- ; univrrRal; 

telien , the whole v. i , 

the whole city; tort to da, it is just like 

that; m, uuiversally. 



IPP 



204 



IRE 



IPPAN 4 9 X v ~- ? One-half : wo kare ni 

atae, give half to him. 
IPPAN >f y ,S v Jtt General view ; not 

minute or particular : rigaku no ; ni, 

generally. 
IPPEN >f y ^ v 5 adv. Once ; one time : 

kokkiri, once only. 

IPPEN-GOSHI-NI ^^Xvd'v' 5$ j| adv. 
(coll.) Alternately. 

IPPO 4 y i$ ~ $? One step ; one particle : 
mo ynzurazu, did not give way one step. 

IPPON 4 y ;j v ; One stick ; one blow of a 
stick: maitta, I am hit (as in sword exer- 
cise). 

IPPON-DACHI J( y -\' */ jf *? /. si. (coll.) 
Standing alone ; alone ; by one's self ; inde- 
pendent of others : de suru, to do anything 
alone, without the help of others. 

IPPUKO 4 y -f 9 fl n. One dose ; one pipe, 
or smoke of tobacco. 

IPPUTASAI >f -y 7* ft IT 4 *- ^ ^ ^ n. Poly- 
gamy. 

IRA, or IRARA >f 7" jjji] n. The nettle, a 
pricklo : ni sasareta, stung by nettles ; 
sakana no , the spines of a fish. 

IRACHI,-TSD >f 7 y >f t.v. and i.v. To 
irritate, fret, or vex one's self ; to be angry : 
hi wo iratsu, to be impatient and fretful. 

IRADACHI,-TSU 4 7 if y >f L t.v. and i.v. To 
be angry, impatient, fretful : ki wo , to be 
irritated. 

IRADATE.-RU >f 7 jt'T*' t.v. To irritate, ex- 
cite, rouse up : ki wo , to excite the feelings. 

IRADOKI.-KU-SHI >f 7 K J^ ^ adj. Unmerciful ; 
cruel. 

Syn. MUQOI. 

IRAK 4 7 ^ yg n. Answer, reply, response : 

wo sum, to answer, reply : nashi, no 
answer. Syn. KOTAE. 

IRAE,-RU >f 7 -. >i> Jg i.v. To answer; to 
reply ; to respond. 
Syu. KOTAERU. 

IRAGDSA >f 7 f $ || { n. The nettle, Urtica 
thunbergiaua, 

IRAI ^ 7 >f $ ;! (yort tanomu) *ru, to 
depend on, trust in, rely on, request : go 
mosu, I depend on you ; hito ni , trust in 
man. 

IRAI >f 7 >f t ^ adv. After in time ; since ; 
henceforth ; in future : kugatsu irai, since the 
9th month ; kore yori irai, from this time 
henceforth. 

IRAI,-AU >f 7 7 i.v. To reply; to answer. 
Syn. KOTAERU. 

IRA-IRA >f y >f y ^ ^ adv. Pricking; irri- 
tating ; (met.) peevish ; irritable ; testy : 
*urt, to prick, irritate, smart. 

IRA-IRASHII,-KI-KU 4 7 >f 7 is >f vj 1 ^ adj. 
Irritable; peevish; passionate; impatient. 

IRAISHO ^74^3 ^^^ u. A written 
request. 

IRAKA 4 7 * ^ n. A tiled roof (from the 
resemblance to the scales of a fish) : wo 
narabete tuchi-tsuznkn, the continuous row of 
k'oofs; nushi, bald; without hair. 



IRA-MUSHI >f y A ^ Ji gft n. A kind of cater- 

pillar covered with sharp hairs. 
IRAN >f 7 v (coll. for iranu, neg. of frti) 

Don't want. 
IRANAI >f 7 ^ J( (coll. for iranu, neg. of irit) 

TJIOUO, useless things; kotoba, useless words; 

kore wa ka, do you want this ? 
|!RANAKI,-KU >f 7 ? ^ adj. Bough; rude; with- 

out ceremony. 
Syn. BUREI. 
IRANEBA JyZ-rf (neg. subj. of frit) If you do 

not go in; if you don't want : nurann, must 

go in ; kaeshi-nasare, if you don't want it 

bring it back. 
IRARAGI.-GU 477?* i.v. To have the skin 

corrugated and rough from cold ; gooseflesh : 

sutiiiti kaze go, mi ni shimite had<i ga , 

because the wind is cold and piercing my skill 

is like goose-skin. 

Syu. TORIHADA NI NARU. 

IRARE,-RU # 7 vx>u ^ ^ (pass, or pot. of in/) 
Sen-koku asitko no uchi ni iraremaghitu, he 
was in yonder house a few minutes ago