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^"■RESEARCH LIBRARIES 



33433081 81 639 3 




JEFFERSON COUNTY 



PENNSYLVANIA 



HER PIONEERS AND PEOPLE 



TWO VOLUMES 



ILLUSTRATED 



VOLUME II 
GENEALOGY— BIOGRAPHY 



CHICAGO 

J. H. BEERS & COMPANY 

1917 



L ' 



BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX 



Adam, Andrew W 449 

Adam, George R 449 

Adams Family 505 

Adams, W. B 505 

Agnew, John 573 

Allgeier, Albert C 447 

Allgeier, Magnus 445 

Allgeier, Philip J 446 

Allison, William 393 

Almy Family 273 

Almy, Mrs. Phoebe H 275 

Almy, Sidney Willett 273 

Altman Family '603 

Altman, Washington P 603 

Anient Family 179 

Anderson, Freeman M 611 

Anthony, Alpheus 331, 632 

Anthony Family 330 

Anthony, James Dowling.335, 586 

Armstrong Family 287 

Arthurs, Mrs. Alice J 136 

Arthurs Families. . .211, 252, 435 

Arthurs, J. Frank 251 

Arthurs, Richard 435 

Arthurs, Samuel B 210 

August, Wendell M 115 

Austin, Stanley G 613 

Baldauf, August 103 

Balmer, Abraham F., M. D. . 176 

Balmer Family 176 

Ban-lay, Rev. David 12, 37 

Bardeen, Mrs. Harriet J.... 332 

Barnett, Daniel K 3 Hi 

Barnett Family 316 

Barnett, Joseph 1 

Barr, John Everett ".I". 

Barr, Thomas McElhany 543 

Baumgartner, Joseph 152 

Baxter Family 59 

Baxter, V. K 59 

Beach, Adam 88 

Beach, Herman C 88 

Bell Families 439, 442, 595 

Bell, Miss Harriet 13 

Bell, Judge James H 13, 439 

Bell, Squire John 589 

Bell, John H 62 

Bell, John R 439 

Bell, Capt. John T 439 

Bell, William E 439 

Bell, William H 442 

Bennett, Dr. Jefferson T 348 

Benson, Francis Louis, M. D. 116 

Benson, John C 116 

Benson, Joseph P., M. D 116 



Berdan 's Sharpshooters .... 425 

Beyer, William F., M. D 74 

Blaisdell, Dr. Walter S 31 

Blakeslee, Austin 217 

Blakeslee, Frank B 217 

Blood, Col. Cyrus 45 

Blood, Cyrus H 372 

Blood, Parker P 45 

Blose Family 17S 

Blose, George Anient 177 

Boggs Family 156 

Boggs, Hon. Jackson 156 

Bollinger, Alexander 567 

Bollinger, David 567 

Bollinger, Miss Elizabeth... 567 

Bond Family 16 

Bond, William 16 

Bonnett, Henry Anthony 388 

Booher Family ' 432 

Booher, Jay (''., M. D 132 

Boland Family 107 

Borland, James C, M. 1) 167 

Bovaird, Alexander 303 

Bovaird, Alexander A 519 

Bovaird Family 304 

Bovaird, Miss Rebecca 304 

Bovaird, William 488 

Bowdish, Albert Xeal 507 

Bovvdish Family 507 

Bowers Families 24, 205 

Bowers, Harvey G 24 

Bowers, Jacob K 25, 205 

Bowers, Levi E 205 

Bowers, William A 376 

Bowser, Addison H., M. D. . 295 

Bowser, George B 597 

Bowser, Ira D., M. D 295 

Braden, Abram R 109 

Braden William Wesley 327 

Brady Family.. 123, 127, 12S, 110 

Brady, James 1 140 

Brady, Lewis Armstrong.... 123 

Britton, George J 017 

Britton, John 471 

Britton, Mrs. Mary J 617 

Brocius, Christ C 420 

Brooks, Silas 664 

Brosius. Alvin A 616 

Brosius, David M 612 

Brosius Families 

99, 212, 343, 612, 610, 624 

Brosius, Hon. Hiram H 100 

Brosius, John M 100 

Brosius, Michael 99 

Brosius, Peter 99, 012, 024 

Brosius, Peter Clyde 531 

iii 



Brosius, Samuel R 624 

Brosius, Thomas McColonel. 644 

Brown, David F 88 

Brown Families 89, 175 

Brown, Henry 89 

Brown, Fremont M 296 

Brown, Ned L 46 

Brown, P. Lot 46, 90 

Brown, Rasselas W 175 

Brown, Raymond E 296 

Brown, William J 70 

Buffington, Enoch C Ill 

Buffington Family Ill 

Buhite Families 324, 063 

Buhite, George A 324 

Buhite, Harry M 663 

Burchfield, Rev. William M. . 662 

Burket, Jacob 374 

Burkett Family 171 

Burkett, George G 171 

Bussert Family 273 

Butler, Fred J 216 

Butler, Joseph 216 

Butterfield Families Ill, 336 

Butterfield, Oran Ill 

Buzard Family 583 

Buzard, Joseph 583 

Caldwell, Edward 650 

Caldwell Families 421, 485 

Caldwell, Fillmore 421 

Caldwell, James 485 

( lalhoun Brothers 504 

Calhoun, Charles E : 415 

Calhoun, David C 504 

Calhoun Families 416, 504 

Calhoun, James 504 

Calhoun. Thomas H 504 

Callender Family 467 

Campbell, Hector 676 

Canning, James M 71 

Carrick, David 593 

Carrier, Darius 270 

Carrier, Mrs. Emma A 197 

Carrier, Euphrastus. 196, 38:;, 422 

Carrier Families ....'. 

196, 270, 383, 403, 422 

Carrier, Hiram K 403 

Carrier, Isaac A 403 

• 'airier, Lanford C 422 

('airier, Milton H 383 

Carrier, Nathan 190 

Currier, Scott W 270 

Carroll Family 92 

< larroll, Jnmes S 91 

Carter, William M 493 



IV 



BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX 



Cliamberlin Family 

Chamberlin, George W 

Chamberlin, Merton W 

Chapin, Alton R 17, 

Chapin Family 

Chelius, Edward J 

Chesnutt, Dr. Earl E 

( Ihesnutt, .Jacob Miller 

Chilleott Family 

Chilleott, John 

Chitester, Clarence Clark... 

Chitester, David 

Chitester Families. . .82, 525, 
Chitester, George Gourley... 

Chitester, Joseph M 

Clark, Benjamin M 

Clark Brothers 

Clark, Clarence S 

Clark, Judge E. Heath 

Clark Family 

( 'lark, Jesse G 

Clarke, Dr. Asaph M 

CLarke Family 

Clawges, James P 

Clawges, Samuel L 

Clawson, Alexander E 

Clawson Families 138, 

Clawson, Jonathan 

( Hyde Family 

Cochran, Clarence A 

Cochran Families 

258, 636, 648, 

Cochran, Halleck M 

Cochran, Harry E 

Cochran, Isaac 

Conrad, John 

Conrad, W. N 

Cook, Amanuel M 

Cook, Jeremiah R 

Cook, John 

Cooler, Charles Henry 

Cooper Families 101, 

( 'uoper, Hugh P> 

Cooper, James Alexander... 

Cooper, James S 

Cooper, Ninian 

Cooper, Samuel McClellan... 

Copping, William 

Corbet, Judge Charles 

Corbet, Mrs. Elizabeth A... 

Corbet Family 

Corbet, Col. William W 

Corbett, Airs. Ella 

Corbett, William K 

Couch, John L 

( Iraig Families 84, 

Craig, Hugh Brady 

Craig, lion. Samuel A 

Crawford, John 

Crissmari Family 

( 'rissman, George 

Gulp Family 

Culp, John 

( 'inrv, James 

Currv, Janus Wallace 



42S 
428 
655 
489 
489 
651 
627 
627 
154 
153 
82 
83 
570 
570 
525 
169 
560 
560 
170 
169 
169 
113 
113 
477 
477 
138 
521 
268 
458 
648 

649 

258 

648 

636 

184 

184 

199 

53 

53 

564 

654 

101 

103 

654 

101 

103 

610 

42 

78 

77 

77 

564 

563 

698 

269 

269 

84 

617 

503 

503 

554 

554 

220 

220 



Daniels, James Wesley 335 

Daniels, James Wilson 335 

Darr Family 373 

Darr. Joseph T 373 

Darr, William T 373 



Darrah, Edward H 97 

Darrah Family 35, 97 

Darrah, Wilmoth E 36 

Darrah, Wilson R 35 

Daughertv Family 655 

Davis Families .... 133, 519, 687 

1 >;ivis, George M 519 

Davis, Isaiah 687 

Davis, Sylvester 133 

Deemer, Alexander D 272 

Deemer Family 272 

Deible, Henry C 209 

Depp, Aaron 602 

Depp Family 602 

Depp, Omer B 598 

Dickey, Matthew 48 

Dickey, William 48 

Diene'r, David F 665 

Diener, Mrs. Emma 666 

Dietrich, Rev. E. M 337 

Dight, John Clayton 195 

Dinger Families 523, 540 

Dinger, ( leorge B 540 

Dinger, John F 117 

Dinsmore Familv 106 

Dinsmore, Robert W 106 

Divler Familv 475 

Divler, William 475 

Dixon, Ezekiel 398 

Dixon Familv 398 

Dixon, George W 399 

Dunkle, Arthur L 537 

Dunkle Family 538 

Durbin, Edward John 479 

Elkin Family 162 

Elkin, Hon. John P 165 

Emery, Ellis, To 513 

English. Daniel 245 

English, Edmund 245 

English Family 244 

English, George A 247 

English, Hilbeit William... 247 

English, John A 246 

English, Morgan 247 

English, William 245 

Espy, Claude W 260 

Espy, Samuel C 630 

Evans Families 478, 491 

Evans, John 478 

Evans, Lewis 491 

Fairman, William M 450 

Ferguson, Mrs. Harriet L... 239 

Ferguson, Col. John 238 

Ferman, Alonzo 215 

Ferman, Miss Eliza M 2 b". 

Fetzer, Banks W 131 

Fetzer Family 131 

Fink, Frederick 93 

Fink, George W 93 

Forster, Mrs. Helen G 310 

Forster, I. G. Gordon 310 

Foust, Mrs. Catherine 95 

Foust. John Wesley. M. D.. 94 

Free, Spencer Michael. M. D. 699 

Frost, James ",-11 

Frost, James M 341 

Fuller, Ira C 23 

Fuller, Mrs. Lottie W 24 



Galbraith Family 

Galbraith, Thomas Brown... 

Gatti, William J., M. D 

Geer, Luther 

Geist Family 

Geist, John E 

Giannopoulos, Nicholas 

Gilbert, William J 

Gilligan, Robert E 

Gooder, Albert 

Gordon, Cadmus Z 

Gordon, Judge Isaac Gran- 
tham 

Goss, Amos A 

Goss, William L 

Gourley, Crawford 

Gourley Families 147, 

Gourley, George McNeill.... 

Gourley, Harry R., M. D 

Gourley, John 

Graffius Family 

Graffius, John M 

Graffius, Mrs. Mary C...*.. 

Gray Family 

Gray, William H 

Grimm Family 

Groves, Charles W 

Groves, Daniel D 

Groves Family 

Grube Familv 

Grube, John E., M. D 

Grube, Joseph Miles, M. D. . 

Gumbert, Adam 

Gumbert, David 

Gumbert Families ..338, 349, 

Gumbert, Jerry B 

Gumbert, Manoah 

Guthrie, Hiram F 

Haag Family 

Haag, Frederick C 

Haag, Frederick W 

Haggerty, Hugh 

Haggerty, Thomas 

Hagstrom, Gustave Edward. 

Hall Familv 

Hall, John Newton 

Hamilton, Glen S 

Hamilton Families 

60, 148, 614, 

Hamilton, Squire James A.. 

60, 

Hamilton, James J 

Hamilton, Robert 

Hamilton, Robert A 

Hamilton, Sylvester S., M. D. 

Hammond, Joseph S 

Harl Family 

Harl. McKean 

Harriger, Andrew J 

Harris, Thomas 

Harvey, Fred B 

Harvey, Joseph 

Hauck Family 

Hauck, Samuel S 

Haugh Family 

Haugh, Harvey D 

Haven, Clark B 

Haven. James A.. M. D 

Hawk, Alfred T 

Hawthorne, Claude K 



463 
462 
651 
151 
208 
208 
679 
584 
652 
48 
11 

11 
406 
406 
223 
453 
453 
147 
223 
520 
520 
521 
458 
459 
181 
694 
321 
:;-Jl 
304 
304 
307 
338 
339 
647 
647 
348 
577 



666 
666 
634 
553 
552 
461 
558 
558 
614 

628 

148 
628 
628 

60 
148 
208 
276 
276 
577 

44 
204 
204 
501 
501 
551 
551 
451 
451 
634 
540 



BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX 



Hawthorne, James F 540 

Hawthorne, Joseph 526 

Hayes, Fleming M 535 

Heasley, Delbert G 316 

Heber Family 191 

Heber, George W 190 

Heber, Jackson 191 

Heid, F. Edward, M. D 658 

Heilbrun, John 636 

Henderson, David Albert... 86 
Henderson, Edward Benton. 6 

Henderson Family 4, 6 

Henderson, John Wilson.... 85 
Henderson, Joseph Buffington 32 
Henderson, Hon. Joseph W.. 4 
Henderson, Samuel Stewart. . 57 

Henery Brothers 515 

Henery, Floyd D 516 

Henery, George M 515 

Henery, John B 516 

Henery, Marcus E 515 

Hetrick Family 278 

Hetrick, Frank B 278 

Hewitt. Family 174 

Hewitt, William E 174 

Hoffman Brothers 456 

Hoffman Families 456, 532 

Hoffman, Leon Hale 457 

Hoffman, J. Perry 532 

Hoffman, Martin C 532 

Hoffman, Orvis Clyde 457 

Hoke, Harvev L 510 

Holden, Hartley 259 

Holden, Newell E., M. D 259 

Holt, Mrs. Eliza 624 

Holt Family 623 

Holt, Samuel 623 

Holt, Thomas 528 

Hopkins Family 183 

Hopkins, Miss Jane 184 

Hopkins, John II 182 

Hopkins, Mrs. Sarah C 184 

Horner, Jonathan 410 

Horner, Parker P., M. I) 410 

Hughes, Isaac D 248 

Hughes, Dr. Samuel J 248 

Humphrey, C. Everett 606 

Humphrey Families 400, 606 

Humphrey, James, Sr 400 

Humphrey, James Malcolm.. 401 

Humphrey, Lee Barnett 401 

Humphrey, Matthew 485 

Humphrey, Wilbert N 401 

Humphreys Families 381, 385, 414 
Humphreys, Harry Baird... 381 

Humphreys, Henry H 380 

Humphreys, Norman J 471 

Humphreys, Robert 98 

Humphreys, Thomas J 414 

Humphreys, Vietor O., M. D. 698 

Hunter Family 155 

Hunter, Perry A 155 

Hunter, Samuel A. (deceased) 155 

Hunter, Samuel A 254 

Hutchison Families 143, 219 

Hutchison, John J 219 

Hutchison, Thomas 219 

Hutchison, Squire Thomas. . 142 

Hutchison, Wildred F 142 

Hyatt Family 275 



Irvin, Benjamin W 130 

Irvin, Blake E 393 

Irvin, Charles H 128 

Irvin, William 128 

Jamieson, Rev. John 411 

Jenks. Hon. George A 9 

Jenks, Dr. John W 10, 37, 311 

Jenks, William 37 

Jenks, William P 14 

Johnson, Mrs. Minnie S.... 444 

Johnson, Mrs. Sophia 337 

Johnson, William E 336 

Johnson, William Sheldon..; 443 

Jones Family 576 

Jones, Joseph S 576 

Jordan ^Families 220, 619 

Jordan, 'ilarrv Mead 619 

Jordan, Mrs. Mary M 620 

Judd, W. E 379 

Keagle, Azor L 602 

Kearney, Daniel Robert 554 

Kearney, Mrs. Eleanor 426 

Kearney Families. .2S9, 426, 678 

Kearney, .lames 426 

Kearney, William E 538 

Kearney, William J 678 

Kelly, John N 236 

Kelly, William 236 

Kelso Family 585 

Kennedy Family 489 

Kennedy, Henry H 488 

Kennedy, Rev. William 9 

Kerry Family •">•"> 

Kerry, John II 555 

Keys Family 440 

Keys, John 441 

Keys, William Alexander... 440 

Kin-. Harry P... M. D 207 

King, Dr. James C 207 

Klein, Bernard 47 

Klein, Mrs. Elizabeth 47 

Klein, John 47 

Klein, Norton A 47 

Knapp Family 4, 319 

Knapp, Frederick E 319 

Knapp, Moses 3 

Kreitler, Frank X 241 

Kroh, Jacob 244 

Kuntz Family , 502 

Kuntz, Jacob 266 

Kuntz, William J 265 

Kurtz, Dr. George M SI 

Kurtz, Hon. Theodore M SI 

Lane Family 26 

Lane, Fred' A 27 

Lane. Norman B 26 

Lanzendorfer, John 497 

Lattimer, Harry J 558 

Law, Robert F! 627 

Law, Samuel 627 

Leahy, ( 'aid. William J 424 

Leason, Miss Elissa C 330 

Leason, Rev. Dr. Thomas 

Sharp 328 

Lemmon Family 688 

Lemmon, Franklin W 688 

Lensinbigler Family 575 

Levis Family 500 



Levis, George W 501 

Levis, Theodore, Jr 501 

Levis, Tiled. line, Sr 500 

Lewis Family 473 

Lewis, Harry 473 

Lewis, John H 256, 474 

Lewis, King B 475 

Lewis, Hon. Linus Mead.... 256 

Lewis, Stephen 256 

Lintz, Aaron 476 

Liteh, Mrs. Blanche J 356 

Liteh Family 354 

Liteh, Harry Clay 356 

Liteh, Thomas K 354 

Lockwood Family 621 

Lockwood, Talbert 621 

Loflin, George W 677 

London, Mis. Mary A 469 

London, Truman B 467 

Long Families 283, 407 

Long. James K 408 

Jong, Jesse C 407 

Long, Joseph L 2S3 

Long, William 408 

Lord, Charles S 206 

Lorenzo, Frank A., M. D. . . . 465 

Loughrev, Mrs. Lucy B 312- 

Loughrev. William G 311 

Lucas Family 141 

Lucas, John C 141 

Lyle Family 6S5 

Lvle, Reuben 324 

Lyle, Reuben B 685 

MeAdoo, MeCloud M 495 

McAninch Family 574 

MeAnineh, Henry H 574 

McCauley Family 632 

MeCaule'v, William 631 

MeClelland, Andrew W 536 

McClelland, Mis. Annie M.. 288 

McClelland Family 537 

McClelland, John H 536 

M.Clelland, Scott 288 

M.i lure, Andrew T 2S1 

Mel lure. Noble 693 

Mi dure, Richard 282 

McConnell, Dexter B 263 

Mi ' lonnell Family 264 

McCracken, Mrs. 'Elizabeth. . 485 

McCracken, Hugh E 484 

MeCracken, John 250 

McCrea Family 237 

M.Crea, John' 237 

McCreight, Benjamin 76 

McCreight Families 44, 495 

McCreight, Smith M 44 

McCreight, Thomas S 44 

McCullough, Archibald 285 

Mei'ullough. William P. 286 

McCurdy, Miss Elizabeth... 173 

McCurdy Families 172,661 

McCurdy, James 172 

McCurdy, John J 172 

Mei lurdy, LeRoy D 430 

McCurdy, Mis. Margaret... 431 

McDowell, i: 1 Bracken... 531 

McFadden Family 486, 506 

McFadden, Jonathan R 506 

McFadden, Shannon 486 

McGaw, Evan T 251 



VI 



BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX 



McGee, Daniel 284 

MeGee Family 2S4 

McGregor, Daniel C 423 

McGregor Family 42.", 

Mr-Henry Family 1 01 

McHenry. William D 161 

McKay, Alexander 431 

McKinley, Joshua 249 

McKinley, Robert R 249 

MeKnight, Col. Alexander.. 41 

McKnight, Col. Amor A 65 

MeKnight Family 40. 65 

MeKnight, Jay Byron .'192 

McKnight, Hon. William 

James, M. D 38 

McLain, Andrew B 276 

MeLain, Miss Anna E 43 

McLain, Col. Charles 4:: 

McLain. Charles Grant 43 

McLain, Mrs. Eliza 276 

McLaughlin Family 189 

McLaughlin, Isaac B 189 

McLaughlin, John (-82 

McLaughlin, John R t82 

McLaughlin. Samuel L ii7>4 

MeLeavy, John 216 

McManigle, Robert 397 

McManigle, 8. J 397 

McMinn, Charles Phineas... 529 

McMinn, Daniel A 575 

McMinn Family 529 

McMinn, James R 277 

McMinn, John 277 

McMinn, William John 534 

McMurray, Maj. John 200 

McNeil, A. Ray, M. D 389 

McNeil, Francis H 389 

McNeil, Frank 658 

McNeil, Thomas E 658 

Mabon Family 239 

Macbeth, Robert 643 

Manners Family 622 

Manners, William IL H.... 622 

Margiotti, Charles J 644 

Markle Family 180 

Marlin. Mrs. Elizabeth J.... 76 

Marlin. William D. J 75 

Marshall, Charles Herbert.. 320 

Marshall, James Henry 683 

Marshall. James Henry (de 

ceased) 320, 643, us:; 

Marshall. John E 643 

Mather, Ozias P 129 

Mather, William Perry 429 

Matson, Charles L.... 681 

Matson Families 21, 681 

Matson, Richard M 21 

Matson. Uriah 22 

Matthews, Charles, Sr 288 

Matthews Family 659 

Maxwell, Alexander 626 

Maxwell Families 222, 682 

Maxwell, Thomas W 682 

Mayes Family 132 

Mayes, Marvin G 133 

Mayes, Thomas A 132 

Means. Don W 698 

Means Families 

135, 158, 218, 518, 585, 698 

Means, Dr. Glenn W 218 

Means, John M 585 



Means. Joseph B 158 

Means, Dr. Lloyd L 135 

Menus, Mrs. Mary E 87 

Means, lion. Robert R s; 

Means, Thomas II 87 

Mehrten Family 578 

Mehrten, Rush' M 7,78 

Melchior, William 86 

Milford Family 658 

Milford, Milo'H 67,7 

Miller. Adam B 214 

Miller Families 7,2, 222 

Miller, George W 51 

Miller, Horace G 211 

Miller, Jacob H 222 

Miller, 8. T 390 

Milliron Family 339 

Milliron, Sylvester R 339 

Mills, Judge John 455 

Mills. Norman Civile, M. D. . 47,7, 

Mineweaser, Jacob 470 

Mineweaser, Peter 469 

Mitchell, Claude C 7,01 

Mitchell Families 30, 565, 671 

Mitchell, Isaac S 671 

Mitchell, Hon. James George 268 

Mitchell, Lex N 30 

Mitchell, Thomas Books 290 

Mitchell, Thomas Sharp. 268, 290 

Moberg, John F .",77 

Mohney, Frederick 325 

Mohney, Irvin Reed. M. D. . 324 
Montgomery, Capt. James W. 717 

Moore, David K 590 

Moore Family 591 

Morgan, JobE 590 

Morris, Charles Addison.... 60:1 

Moiris Families 447, 609 

Morris. Joseph B., Esq 448 

Moiris, Malvern H 4 17 

Morrison Family 107 

Morrison, William R 107 

Mortimer, Mrs. Elizabeth 

(Nofsker) 399 

Mortimer, John T 399 

Motter, Peter .",70 

Murray, Clyde C 43S 

Murray Family 347,. 136 

Murray, John H., M. D 345 

Mm my, Valesius S.... 345, 437 
Murray, William C 437 

Xe.d. James 482 

Xeel. Ralph M 482 

Xeel, Thomas S 481 

Xeff, Ezra 197 

Neff Family 197 

Nelson, George W 661 

Newton, George W 693 

Nichols, Rev. Dr. Jonathan. 114 

Nofsker, Emanuel 400 

Nolan, Daniel ."92 

Nolan, Thomas F., M. D... 392 

Nolph, Enos G 188 

Nolph Family 188 

Nolph, James G 189 

Nordstrom, Mrs. Matilda J. 139 

Nordstrom, Obed II 139 

North, Daniel 594 

North, Edward G 694 

North Families 255, 390. 694 



North, Irwin C 390 

North, J. Curtin 595 

North, John Gourly 255 

North, Hon. S. Tavlor ."s2 

Nupp, Otto Jay. . .' 302 

Ohl Family 499 

Ohl, George 499 

Olson, Hans 480 

O'Neal. Harry A., M. D 629 

Orcutt. Edward B 260 

Palmer, Dr. William R 116 

Pantall Families 313, 444 

Pantall, J. Ervin 313 

Pantall, John R 313 

Pantall, Mrs. Margaret J. . . . 445 

Pantall, Theophilus 444 

Park Family 586 

Park, George A 586 

Patterson Families 522, 549 

Patterson, Robert C 549 

Patterson, William Lincoln. 522 

Patton Families 291, 539 

Patton, Wallace Z 291 

Patton, William 539 

Patton, William Augustus.. 213 

Pearsall, Clarence E 460 

Pearsall, George A 460 

Pearsall, John 460 

Pentz Family 394 

I'entz, Joseph R 394 

Phelan, James B 452 

Pifer, David 262 

Pifer, Isaac 261 

Pifer, John 261 

Pinney, Mrs. Jennie Boggs. . 

....' 158, 210 

Pinney, Norwood G 210 

Place,' Capt. Fayette 630 

Place, Mrs. Kate N 631 

Plvler Family 344 

Porter Family 433 

Porter, George W 433 

Postlethwaite (Postlewait) 

Families 518, 523, 580 

Postlethwaite, William P... 580 

Postlewait, Fitz John 523 

Postlewait, Jesse Scott .... 524 

Postlewait, William S 518 

Pringle, Francis D., M. D.. 403 

Procious Family 664 

Procious, John ' F 664 

Radaker, James 646 

Raine, J. Frank, M. D 55 

Ramsay, John 356 

Reed Families 

18, 299, 314, 371, 696 

Reed, George L 299 

Reed, John " 371 

Reed, John F 314 

Reed, John L 315 

Reed, Judge John W 18 

Reed, Thomas 696 

Reid, William S 582 

Reitz, Adam Hiram 211 

Reitz, Albert Franklin 343 

Reitz, Benjamin C 484 

Reitz, Benjamin W 361 

Reitz. Edward 350 



BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX 



Reitz, Everett Warren 075 

Eeitz Families 

211, 34.'!, 350, 361, 484, 493, 527 

Reitz, Gilmore C 353 

Reitz, Harry W 360 

Reitz Jonathan L 492 

Reitz, Ladd M 360 

Reitz, Manuel Wagner 350 

Reitz, Dr. Ralph B 357 

Reitz, Rufus G 361 

Reitz, Simon 527 

Replogle, Harry C 542 

Rhines, Andrew .Stean ..509, 601 

Ringbloom, August 673 

Rinn, John 73 

Rinn, Samuel A 72 

Rittenhouse, Harvey 375 

Robinson, Adam C 201 

Robinson Family 202 

Roemer, Mrs. Georgia L.... 6." 

Roemer, Nicholas G 676 

Ross, Betsy 289 

Ross Families 477, 514 

Ross, John S 514 

Rote, Mrs. Sarah B 543 

Sadler Families 405, 571 

Sadler, Frank L '. . 571 

Sadler, Thomas A 405 

Sager, Ross 292 

Sandt, George L 588 

Sayers, John C, M. D 264 

Sehaller, John K 598 

Schaller, John L 598 

Schettino, Nicholas 674 

Schuckers, Daniel 242 

Sehuckers, Levi 242 

Sehultz, Maurice A 608 

Schwartz, Charles F 686 

Schwartz, George F 686 

Schwitzer, Adam 697 

Scott Family 240 

Scott, Henry J 239 

Scott, Justice M 517 

Scott, Lyman W 517 

Scott, William M., Jr 380 

Scott, William M., Sr 380 

Scribner, Alexander S 72 

Scribner, Samuel Alexander. 512 

Sebring, Albert 498 

Second IT. S. Sharpshooters. 425 

Senior, George 684 

Senior, Harrison G 684 

Shaffer, Adam F 668 

Shaffer Families 

31S, 384, 568, 593, 620 

Shaffer, Frank C 620 

Shaffer, Jacob Leonard 592 

Shaffer, John S 318 

Shaffer, Joseph 605 

Shaffer, Robert W 385 

Shaffer, Solomon 397 

Shaffer, Solomon W 568 

Shaffer, William J 384 

Sharp, Capt. Andrew. .. .328, 496 

Sharp Family 656 

Sharp, Lafavette 656 

Sheldon, Earl G 391 

Shelly, Adam A 641 

Shively, Hon. Benjamin F.. 142 
Shobert, Charles Hamilton.. 461 



Shobert Family 461 

Shofstahl, Mrs. U. S 580 

Sibley Family 700 

Sibley, Washington S 700 

Simpson, Alverdi J., M. D. .. 494 

Simpson, Elijah 312 

Simpson Family 541 

Simpson, Irwin 466 

Simpson, John H 466 

Simpson, Samuel T 494, 541 

Slagle Family 404 

Smathers Family 50 

Smathers, Francis C, M. D. 49 
Smathers, Wilson J., M. D. . 50 
Smelko, Rev. Charles A. J . . 535 

Smith, Adam J 378 

Smith, Andrew W 562 

Smith, Erwin S 298 

Smith Families 298, 

347, 378, 417, 546, 556, 615, 689 

Smith, James M 556 

Smith, John J 690 

Smith, John W 614 

Smith, John W. (Pnnxsu- 

tawney) 617' 

Smith, Joseph 691 

Smith, Levi Clover 347 

Smith, Matthew ■ 127 

Smith, Robert II 221 

Smith, Samuel J 220 

Smith, William Andrew 689 

Smith, William C 545 

Smith, William 417 

Snyder, Dr. Clyde C .126 

Snyder Families 301, 326 

Snyder, Quincy S 325 

Snyder, Wayne L., M. D.. 30] 

Sowers Family 557 

Sowers, Jonas 668 

Sowers, Samuel M 557 

Spangler, Peter 683 

Spare, Joseph T 396 

Spare, Mrs. Susan 396 

Spears, Joseph 667 

Spruce, William 572 

Spenee, Win S 572 

Sprague, Albert J 3S8 

Sprague, Edwin G 130 

Sprague Family 139 

Sprankle, Angus 675 

Sprankle Brothers 674 

Sprankle Families ..591, 674, 699 

Sprankle, Harry F 591 

Sprankle, Jerome G 698 

Sprankle, Mangus 675 

Stahlman, Cornelius 580 

Startzell, Alvin 641 

Startzell, Jacob 490 

Startzell, John 400 

Steele Family 660 

Steele, Joseph 660 

Steele, Mrs. Josephine 661 

Steele, William B 685 

Steffy, Samuel 669 

Steffy, William 669 

Steiner Family 67 

Steiner, John G., A. M., 

M. D 67 

Steiner, Michael E 68 

Stevenson, Charles R., M. D. 509 
Stevenson Families ....509, 579 



600 
80 
600 
118 
311 
79 
405 
608 
60S 
300 
300 
224 
95 
595 
645 
642 
641 
195 
1 93 
193 

56 

606 
528 



Stevenson, Henry 579 

Stewart Families 

79, 119, 311, 4011, 

Stewart, 1 ra N 

Stewart, James A 

Stewart, John Barnett 

Stewart. John Telford 

Stewart, Robert B 

Stewart, S. L 

Stormer Family 

Stunner, William E 

Straitewell, Daniel M 

Straitewell, John L 

Strong, Nathan Leroy 

Strouse, George C 

Summerville. Robert 

Swanson, John 

Swinetord, Israel 

Swineford, Shelumiel 

Sykes, Asa W 

Sykes, Henry 

S\ kes, Jacob Bilger 

Svkesville, First National 

Bank 

Syphrit, Christopher 

Syphrit, Daniel 

Syphrit Families 

472, 529, 566, 606 

Syphrit, J. din M 566 

S\ pin it, Martin 171 

Taylor, Benson E 28 

Taylor, David L 120 

Taylor, Harry 527 

Taylor, Newton 120 

Taylor, Vernon F 29 

Teagarden, Rev. Harry 

Grant ' 308 

Teitrick, Leander 235 

Teitriek, Reed B 235 

Tcmpleton Family 136 

Templeton, Mrs. Marv 1 Mc- 

Knight) '. 41 

Templeton, Thomas Lucas.. 136 
Thompson, Hon. Albert Clif- 
ton 296 

Thompson, Clarence Russell. 496 

Thompson, David F 105 

Thompson Families 7, 104 

Thompson, Judge John 104 

Thompson, John J 160 

Thompson, Judge John .1. Y 7 
Thompson, Col. Robert Means 144 
Torrence, Miss Elizabeth H. 

K 232 

Torrence Family 225 

Torrence, James 225 

Torrence, William C 234 

Truitt, Alexander J 63 

Truitt Family 63 

Truitt, James A 63 

Truman, Alfred 149 

Truman, Harry 559 

Truman, Henry 559 

Uplinger, Henderson 692 

Uplinger, Peter 692 

Vanleer Family 409 

Vanleer, JohnR 409 

Vanleer, William N 410 



via 



BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX 



Vasbinder, Curtis R 105 

Vasbinder Family 105 

Verne, Lore 680 

Verstine, Bernard 14 

Verstine, Frank L 15 

Walker, Frederick M 599 

Walker, .John W 292 

Walker, Richard G 550 

Walker, Robert M 550 

Wallace, Edward C 652 

Wallace Family 639 

Wallace, William 639 

Walter, Jacob A., M. D 130 

Wanner, .loku 633 

Wanner, William F 633 

Warren Family 206 

Warren, William B 206 

Wasson, William 637 

Waylaml Family 596 

Wayland, Milton 596 

Wayne, Rysome 562 

Weayer Families. . .544, 635, 670 

Weayer. Harry W 670 

Weayer, Philip S 544 

Weayer, Mrs. Rachel E 589 



Weayer, Samuel A 589 

Weber, Christian 677 

Weber, John H 677 

Webster Family 488 

Weed, Albeit B 414 

Weed Family 414 

Weed, Mauley E 415 

Weiser, Emanuel 640 

Weiser Family 640 

Weiser, Mrs. Mary 640 

Weiss, Frederick 568 

Welsh Family 511 

Welsh, James 511 

Welsh, William Walter 687 

Whelpley Family 61* 

Whelpley, Fred E 671 

Whelpley, Xorman B 618 

White, Gen. Harry 362 

Whitehill, Alexander C, M. 

D 160 

Whitehill, Buell B 33 

Whitehill Family 34, 160 

Whitehill, Stewart H 34 

Williams, Ithamar B 419 

Williams, James Homer 2n7 

Williams, James J 267 



Williams, T. R., M. D 153 

Williamson, Stewart 667 

Wilson, Alonzo M 560 

Wilson Family 560 

Wingerd, Frederick G 294 

Wingerd, Henry 294 

Wingert Family 695 

Wingert, Perry L 695 

Winslow Family 435 

Winslow, Judge James 435 

Winterbottom, John 524 

Wolford, Dr. Edgar W 309 

Wolf ord Family 309 

Yeaney, Jacob E 679 

Yohe, Benjamin W 374 

Yohe Family 374 

Young, Judson G 382 

Zell, H. W 696 

Zimmerman Families . . .635, 672 

Zimmerman, Henry M 635 

Zimmerman, William Harry. 672 
Zubrzycki, Rev. Joseph N... 404 
Zufall Family 664 



PORTRAITS 



Adam, George R 449 

Adams, W. B 505 

Balmer, Abraham P., M. D. . 176 

Bond, William 16 

Booher, Jay C, M. D 432 

Bowers, Harvey G 24 

Bowers, William A 376 

Brown, Henry 89 

Clark, Benjamin M 169 

Clarke, A. M., M. D 113 

Conrad, W. N 184 

Corbet, Judge Charles 42 

Darr, William T 373 

Darrah, Edward H 97 

Deemer, Alexander D 272 

Dickey, William 48 

Geist, John E 208 

Graffius, Mrs. Mary C 521 

Groves, Daniel D 321 

Grube, John E., M. D 304 

Haggerty, Thomas 552 

Henderson, Joseph B 32 

Henderson, Hon. Joseph 

Washington 4 

Henderson, Samuel S 57 

Hoffman, Leon Hale. .Bet, 456-457 
Hoffman, Orvis Clyde. Bet. 456-457 



Hughes, Dr. Samuel J 248 

Humphrey, James M 401 

Humphrey, Lee B 401 

Humphrey, Wilbert N 401 

Irvin, William 128 

Johnson, William E 336 

Kennedy, Henry H 488 

Keys, John 440 

Kreitler, Frank X 241 

Kurtz, Theodore M 81 

Leahy, Capt. William J 424 

Leason, Rev. Thomas Sharp. 328 

Lewis, Harry 473 

Lewis, John H 473 

Lewis, King B 473 

Lewis, Hon. Linus Mead.... 256 

Lewis, Stephen 473 

Lorenzo, Dr. Frank A 465 

McClelland, John H 536 

McClelland, Scott 288 

McC'lure, Andrew T 281 

Me( lurdy, James 172 

Mi -Knight, Col. Alexander... 41 

McKnight, Col. Amor A 65 

McKnight, Jay B 392 

McLeavy, John 216 

McMurray, John 200 



Murray, John H., M. D 345 

Olson, Hans 480 

Pantall, J. Ervin 313 

Reed, John 371 

Reitz, Gilmore C 353 

Reitz, Dr. Ralph B 357 

Reitz, Ruf us G 361 

Rinn, Samuel A 72 

Sayers, John C, M. D 264 

Scribner, Samuel A 512 

Shaffer, William J 384 

Smith, William C 545 

Smith, William Orlando 417 

Strong, Nathan L 224 

Sykes, Jacob Bilger 193 

Syphrit, Daniel 528 

Taylor, David L 120 

Templeton, Thomas L 136 

Thompson, ('apt. A. C 290 

Thompson, Clarence Russell. 496 

Thompson, Judge John 104 

Thompson, John J 160 

Thompson, John J. Y 7 

Thompson, Col. Robert Means 144 

Vanleer, William N 409 

Williams, T. R., M. D 153 

Wilson, Alonzo M 560 



GENEALOGY— BIOGRAPHY 




ARNETT, JOSEPH, the patriarch 
of Jefferson county, was the son 
of John and Sarah Barnett, and 
was born in Dauphin county, Pa., 
in 1754. He was of Scotch-Irish 
extraction. His father, a native of Ireland, 
located in Pennsylvania in the early part of 
the eighteenth century, and was a farmer. His 
mother died early, and Joseph was "brought 
up - ' by his relatives. He was raised on a 
farm, and was thus peacefully employed when 
the Revolution commenced. As the son of 
a patriotic sire he could not resist taking part 
in the struggle, and so joined the army and 
served for some years. The exact duration of 
his service cannot now be ascertained, but 
"he was a brave and efficient soldier, and never 
faltered in the path of duty." He also served 
in the State militia in the campaign against 
the Wyoming boys. After the war he settled 
in Northumberland county, where he owned 
a large tract of land, but was dispossessed of 
it by some informalities of the title. Here 
he was married to Elizabeth Scott, sister of 
Samuel Scott and daughter of John Scott, 
July 3, 1794. 

Joseph P>arnett was assessed in Pinecreek 
township, Northumberland county, April 28, 
1786; in 1788 he was assessed in the same 
township and county with a sawmill and as 
a single freeman. This was his sawmill at 
the mouth of Pine creek, and the mill where 
he lost his eye. The property is now in Clin- 
ton county. After losing his mill and land 
Barnett returned in the nineties to Dauphin 
county, Pa., and engaged in contracting for 
and building bridges. In 1799 he was again 
assessed in Pinecreek township, then in Ly- 
coming county. Pa., with 225 acres of land. 
This was his Port Barnett property, whither 
he migrated with his family in 1800, and here 
he engaged in the erection of mills and in the 
lumbering business that eventually made Port 
Parnett, then in Lycoming county, the cen- 
ter of business for a large extent of territory. 



In a short time a tub gristmill was added to 
his sawmill, and, with his "Port Barnett flint- 
stone binns," he made an eatable, if not a very 
desirable, quality of flour. The Indians (Sen- 
ecas) then in the country were good customers, 
and what few whites there were for thirty or 
forty miles around would make his cabin a 
stopping place for several days at a time. His 
log cabin became a tavern, the only one in a 
seventy-five miles' journey, and was fre- 
quented by all the early settlers. His Indian 
guests did not eat in the house, but would in 
winter make a pot of mush over his fire and 
set it out in the snow to cool; then one fellow 
would take a dipper and eat his fill of the 
pudding, sometimes with milk, butter, or mo- 
lasses; then another would take it and go 
through the same process until all were satis- 
fied. The dogs would then help themselves 
from the same pot, and when they put their 
heads in the pot in the Indian's way he would 
give them a slap over the head with the dip- 
per. 

He kept a hotel, rafted lumber on Sandy Lick 
and Red Bank, and at the same time attended 
to his saw- and gristmills. He was assessed 
in Pinecreek township in 1800 as a farmer. 

The Seneca tribe were friendly and peace- 
able neighbors, and often extended their ex- 
cursions into these waters, where they 
encamped, two or three in a squad, and hunted 
deer and bears, taking the hams and skins in 
the spring to Pittsburgh. Their rafts were 
constructed of dry poles, upon which they 
piled up their meat and skins in the form 
of a haystack, took them to Pittsburgh, and 
exchanged them for trinkets, blankets, cali- 
coes, weapons, etc. They also made sugar. 
It is said they caught the sap in small troughs, 
and. after collecting it into a large trough, 
dipped hot stones into it to boil it down. They 
were friendly, sociable, and rather fond of 
making money. During the war of 1812 the 
settlers were apprehensive that an unfortu- 
nate turn of the war upon the lakes might 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



bring an irruption of the savages upon the 
frontier through the Seneca nation. 

Samuel Scott resided here until 1S10, when, 
having scraped together, by hunting and lum- 
bering, about two thousand dollars, he went 
down to the Miami river and bought a section 
of fine land, which made him rich. 

It is* related that Joseph Barnett at one 
time carried sixty pounds of flour on his back 
from Pittsburgh. Their supplies of flour, 
salt and other necessaries were frequently 
brought in canoes from that place. These sup- 
plies were purchased with lumber, which he 
sawed and rafted to that city, and which in 
those days was sold for twenty-five dollars 
per thousand. The nearest settlement on 
Meade's trail eastward of Port Barnett was 
Paul Cover's, thirty-three miles distant, on 
the west branch of the Susquehanna, where 
Curwensville now stands ; and westward Fort 
Venango was forty-five miles distant, which 
points were the only resting places for the 
travelers who ventured through this unbroken 
wilderness. 

About the year 1802, Joseph Barnett con- 
sented to act as banker for the Indians around 
Port Barnett. The Indians were all "bimetal- 
lists," and had the "silver craze," for their 
money was all silver ; and bringing their mono- 
metallism to Mr. Barnett, he received it from 
them and deposited it in their presence in his 
private vault — a small board trunk covered 
with hogskin, tanned with the bristles on. On 
the lid were the letters "J. B.." made with 
brass tacks. The trunk was now full ; the 
bank was a solid financial institution. In a 
short time, however, the red men concluded 
to withdraw their deposits, and they made 
a "run" in a body on the bank. Barnett 
handed over the trunk, each Indian counted 
out his own pieces, and according to their 
combined count the bank was insolvent ; there 
was a shortage, a deficiency of one fifty-cent 
piece. Mr. Barnett induced the Indians to 
recount their silver, but the fifty-cent piece 
was still missing. The Indians then declared 
Mr. Barnett must die: they surrounded the 
house and ordered him to the porch to be 
shot. He obeyed orders, but pleaded with 
them to count their pieces the third time, and 
if the fifty-cent piece was still missing, then 
they could shoot him. This the Indians con- 
sidered fair, and they counted the silver pieces 
the third time, and one Indian found he had 
one more piece than his own : he had the miss- 
ing fifty-cent piece. Then there was joy and 
rejoicing among the Indians. Banker Bar- 



nett was no longer a criminal; he was the 
hero and friend of the Indians. 

The following sketch of the first white set- 
tlement within the county was principally de- 
rived from Andrew Barnett, Jr., Esq., in 1840: 

"Mr. Joseph Barnett was the patriarch of 
Jefferson county. He had done service on the 
West Branch under General Potter during the 
Revolution, and also under the State against 
the Wyoming boys. After the war he settled 
in Northumberland county, at the mouth of 
Pine creek, and very probably might have been 
one of the Fairplay boys ; at any rate, he lost 
his property by the operation of the common 
law, which superseded the jurisdiction of fair 
play. Again, in 1797, he penetrated the wil- 
derness of the Upper Susquehanna by the 
Chinklacamoose path, and, passing the head- 
lands between the Susquehanna and the Alle- 
gheny, arrived on the waters of Red Bank, 
then called Sandy Lick creek. He had pur- 
chased lands here of Timothy Pickering & 
Co. He first erected a sawmill at Port Bar- 
nett. where Andrew Barnett. Jr., now resides, 
at the mouth of Mill creek, about two miles 
east of Brookville. His companions on this 
expedition were his brother, Andrew Barnett, 
and his' brother-in-law, Samuel Scott. Nine 
Seneca Indians, of Cornplanter's tribe, assisted 
him to raise his mill. Leaving his brothers to 
look after the new structure, he returned to 
his family in Dauphin county, intending to 
bring them out. But Scott soon followed him 
with the melancholy news of the death of his 
brother Andrew, who was buried by the 
friendly Indians and Scott in the flat opposite 
the present tavern. This news discouraged 
him for a while ; but in 1800 he removed his 
family out, accompanied again by Mr. Scott. 
They sawed lumber and rafted it down to 
Pittsburgh, where it brought in those davs 
twenty-five dollars per thousand. The usual 
adventures and privations of frontier life at- 
tended their residence. The nearest mill was 
on Black Lick creek, in Indiana county, Mr. 
Barnett knew nothing of the wilderness south 
of him, and was obliged to give an Indian four 
dollars to pilot him to Westmoreland. The 
nearest house on the eastward was Paul Clo- 
ver's ( grandfather of General Clover), thir- 
ty-three miles distant on the Susquehanna, 
where Curwensville now stands; westward 
Fort Venango was distant forty-five miles." 

Mr. Barnett's children were as follows: 
Sarah and Thomas, twins, born in T790 in 
Pinecreek township, Northumberland (now 
Clinton) county: John, born in Linesville, 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



3 



Dauphin county, June 16, 1795; Andrew, born 
in Dauphin county, Nov. 22, 1797, where Jos- 
eph Barnett was engaged in contracting for 
and building bridges in the nineties ; Rebecca, 
born at Port Barnett, Lycoming county, Aug. 
6, 1S02 (she was the first white female child 
born within the present limits of Jefferson 
county) ; J. Potter, born at Port Barnett, Ly- 
coming county, May 23, 1800; Margaret An- 
nie, born Oct. 22, 1805, at Port Barnett, Pine- 
creek township, Jefferson county ; Juliet, born 
April 12, 1808, at Port Barnett, Pinecreek 
township, Jefferson county; and Joseph Scott, 
the youngest, and the first white male child 
born in the county, born April 12, 1812, at 
Port Barnett, Pinecreek township, Jefferson 
county. 

The original Pinecreek township was 
erected in Northumberland county at the Au- 
gust term of court in 1785. In 1795, when 
Lycoming was organized, Pinecreek township 
became a part of that county. In 1804, when 
Jefferson county was organized, and taken 
from Lycoming, Pinecreek township was 
divided, and that part taken from Lycoming 
was thrown into Jefferson and made into Pine- 
creek township, and was the whole of Jeffer- 
son county until the year 1818. The census 
of 1800 shows that Lycoming had a popula- 
tion of 5,414. The population of Pinecreek 
township, Lycoming county, in 1800, when 
Joseph Barnett migrated and located at Mill 
creek (now Jefferson county), was: whites, 
682; colored, 24; slaves, 5; total. 711. 
' When Joseph Barnett settled on Mill creek, 
Pinecreek township, Lycoming county was 
divided into two election districts, — the third 
and fourth, — viz. : "3. That part of Lycoming 
township west of Pine run, and that part of 
Pinecreek east of Chatham's run, and the 
township of Nippenose, to form the third dis- 
trict. Elections to be held at the house of 
Thomas Ramey, Pinecreek. 

"4. All that part of Pinecreek township west 
of Chatham's run to constitute the fourth dis- 
trict, and elections to be held at the house of 
Hug;h Andrew, Dunnsburgh." Dunnsburgh, 
or Dunnstown, as it is now called, is in Clin- 
ton county. Pa. It was founded in 1768 by 
William Dunn, and is about a half mile down 
the river from Lock Haven, on the opposite 
or east side of the river. This fourth district 
was the polling or voting place for the Port 
Barnett settlement. 

In 1800 the only road was Meade's Trail. 
Before the axe of the lumberman had visited 
these forests, the trees stood tall, lordly, and 
free from undergrowth, the great trunks 



standing straight in the air, with the ground 
cool and damp in the shade. One could ride 
a horse almost anywhere through the woods. 
In 1801 Barnett got out of salt. The nearest 
place to obtain it was in Westmoreland county. 
Barnett could not make the trip through- the 
woods himself, and he bargained for three 
days with an Indian to guide him. The In- 
dian wanted just as much more as Barnett 
felt able to give. At the end of three days 
the bargain was closed for what the Indian 
believed to be half price, viz., two dollars. The 
trip to Westmoreland was then made, and 
after Barnett secured his salt, the Indian 
coolly remarked, "Me no go back; me no go 
back." All then that was left for Barnett to 
do was to give him his original price of four 
dollars. 

Joseph Barnett was rather a homely man 
in face and features. In stature he was five 
feet, eight inches, and would weigh about one 
hundred and eight pounds. His presence was 
prepossessing, and with his smooth-shaved 
face, and a countenance open and frank, his 
appearance was such as to attract the atten- 
tion of all. He was a practical business man, a 
strict Presbyterian, a Christian, and had his 
left eye gouged out in a rough-and-tumble 
fight at his sawmill. He died as he had lived, 
a true-hearted man, on the 15th of April, 1838, 
and was buried in the old graveyard above 
Church street. His wife passed away four 
months later, in her sixty-fifth year, and was 
buried there also. 



MOSES KNAPP. In the spring of 1797 
Joseph Barnett, of Linesville, Dauphin Co., 
1 'a., Samuel Scott and Moses Knapp, of Lycom- 
ing county, Pa., left the mouth of Pine creek, 
on the west branch of the Susquehanna, in 
Lycoming county, and came by Meade's 
trail to the confluence of Mill creek with 
Sandy Lick, now Port Barnett, for the pur- 
pose of starting a settlement. Port Barnett 
was then in Pinecreek township, Lycoming 
county. Upon their arrival they commenced 
the erection of a sawmill. "Samuel Scott was 
a millwright by trade, and was assisted in his 
work by Moses Knapp, who was an adopted 
son, then about nineteen years of age. They 
first built a sawmill on Mill creek, about where 
the present mill dam of Mr. Humphrey stands. 
This mill was the property of Mr. Scott. 
Young Knapp exhibited a good deal of me- 
chanical ingenuitv in this work, and the next 
year built a mill for himself on the North 
Fork, on a site about the head of A. Wayne 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Cook's millpond. Leaving his mill in the fall, 
young Knapp went to Indiana to attend a 
term of school. While there he became 
acquainted with Miss Susan Matson, a daugh- 
ter of Uriah Matson, of that place. The 
acquaintance thus made soon ripened into an 
engagement, and Moses Knapp and Susan 
Matson were united in matrimony, and when 
all this was accomplished she returned with 
him to Port Barnett. He then built a camp 
or residence at his sawmill on the North 
Fork, and there they commenced keeping 
house, a beginning which resulted in the pro- 
duction of a family of eleven children. Here, 
in 1801, was born Polly, and afterwards Isa- 
bel and Samuel. 

"Knapp sold out his mill and 'betterments' 
at the head of Cook's pond to Samuel and 
William Lucas, and then began housekeeping 
in a new place, at the mouth of the North 
Fork, now Brookville. After he had got his 
family in living shape there, he built another 
sawmill on what was known as Knapp's run. 
The name of this stream has since been 
changed to Five Mile run. This mill Knapp 
sold to Thomas Lucas, Esq. He then built a 
log gristmill on the North Fork, near his resi- 
dence, only a few rods from the Red Bank 
creek. This mill had one run of rockstones. 
The water was gathered by a wing dam of 
brush and stones, that extended nearly up to 
where the road now crosses below Cook's dam, 
and was thus brought into a chute, that passed 
it under a large undershot water wheel. A 
'facegear' wheel upon the water wheel shaft 
'meshed' into a 'trundlehead' upon the 
'spindle' which carried the revolving stone, 
comprised the propelling machinery. This 
mill was often taxed to its utmost capacity. 
People would come here to get their grain 
ground from distances of twenty or thirty 
miles, through the woods on horseback and 
on barefoot, carrying the grain on their backs. 
A big day's grind was from six to ten bushels 
of grain." 

While the Knapps were residing at this 
place, in what is now Brookville, John Knapp 
was born in 1807. and afterwards Amy. 
Toshua, Moses, Clarissa and Toseph, the last 
'in 1818. 

During the time of Knapp's residence at 
the head of what is now Cook's pond, and 
many years thereafter, the cheapest and most 
expeditious method of obtaining such supplies 
as could not be produced on the ground was 
to go to Pittsburgh for them. Rafts of sawed 
lumber were run to Pittsburgh in the spring 
of the year. A canoe was taken along, and 



when the raft was sold most of the avails 
would be invested in whisky, pork, sugar, dry 
goods, etc. These goods were then loaded 
into the canoe, and the same men that 
brought the raft through to market would 
"pole" or "push" the loaded canoe up the 
river and up the creek to Port Barnett. This 
was a voyage that all men of full strength 
were very desirous of making, and was the 
subject of conversation for the remaining 
part of the year. 

These canoes were hewed out of large pine 
trees, large enough to receive a barrel of flour 
crosswise. A homemade rope of flax was 
attached to the front end of the canoe, to be 
used in pulling the canoe up and over ripples. 
The men with these canoes had to camp in 
the woods wherever night overtook them, and 
their greatest terror and fear was rattlesnakes, 
for the creek bottoms were alive with them. 

In 1821 Moses Knapp "articled" with the 
Holland Land Company for a quantity of land 
in what is now Clover township. The land 
was taken from warrants numbered 3,082 
and 3,200, which included the land upon which 
Dowlingville is situated, and also that upon 
which the Baxter property and mills now are. 
After building a cabin and moving his family 
into it, he commenced the building of a dam 
pretty much on the site of the present dam, 
and a sawmill on the site of the present mill. 
He took a partner in the business and vigor- 
ously prosecuted the work. In cutting timber 
for the mill he in some way got his foot 
crushed so badly that it became necessary to 
have the leg amputated above the knee. The 
mill was completed, and the business of manu- 
facturing lumber, etc., was carried on for a 
few years by Knapp & Ball. He had two 
children born here, Isaac M. and Eliza. He 
was elected constable while here in 1821, the 
year he was hurt. He died near Dowlingville 
in 1853, and is buried with his wife in the 
graveyard of the Jefferson United Presby- 
terian Church in Pinecreek township. Mr. 
Knapp was a Seceder in belief, and was a 
leading member of the Jefferson Church. 
(See also Chapter XXI, Borough of Brook- 
ville, and Chapter XXII, Pinecreek Town- 
ship.) 

JOSEPH WASHINGTON HENDER- 
SON was born Aug. 27, 1814, on the home- 
stead of 220 acres located in Mahoning town- 
ship. Indiana Co., Pa., on the Big Mahoning, 
about four miles west of Punxsutawney, Pa., 
on which his father John Henderson located 
in 1805. There were few settlers in the lo- 




/?&ul c£ e^c^^n 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LlBl 

ASTOf!, LFNOX 
T!LC ■ 'OWS 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



cality at this time, their nearest neighbor liv- 
ing three miles away. The early settlers had 
many hardships and privations to endure. On 
one occasion Mrs. Henderson was left alone 
with three small children overnight, Mr. Hen- 
derson having gone to Black Lick expecting 
to return the following day. Late in the even- 
ing Mrs. Henderson discovered that the fire 
had gone out, and as it was bitterly cold, and 
she did not have any flint or dry punk with 
which to start a fire, she was afraid that she 
and the children would perish with the cold 
during the night. Putting the two older chil- 
dren into bed, she took the baby in her arms 
and started to walk to the nearest neighbor, a 
distance of three miles through the timber, to 
secure fire. In wrapping up the fire there was 
some discussion between Mrs. Henderson and 
her neighbor about how it should be done. The 
neighbor insisted upon wrapping the fire for 
her and she started back home. By this time 
it had become dark. On arriving home, almost 
exhausted from carrying her babe six miles, 
she unwrapped the fire and discovered that it 
was out. There was nothing left for her to do 
but procure all of the bed clothing and get in 
bed with the three children to keep from 
freezing. The next day when Mr. Henderson 
arrived in the middle of the forenoon he found 
his little family almost perished, but he soon 
had fire started and made them again com- 
fortable. 

Mr. Henderson remained with his father 
until he was seventeen years of age, attending 
school in the winters, and aiding his father on 
the farm and at the sawmill which his father 
operated on Hit: Mahoning. At the age of 
seventeen, in 1831, he engaged in the mercan- 
tile business with William Campbell, of Punx- 
sutawney, Pa., as clerk, remaining with him 
until 1836, when he was elected sheriff of 
Jefferson county, being the second sheriff 
chosen by election for the county. During his 
three years' term as sheriff he had many 
thrilling experiences. On one occasion it was 
necessary for him to go to Warren, the county 
seat of Warren county, for a prisoner. Be- 
tween Brookville and Warren it was almost 
an unbroken wilderness. For a distance of 
twenty odd miles there were no roads nor 
beaten paths, only a blazed trail. To ride the 
forty-four miles during the day it was neces- 
sary for him to get through the blazed trail 
before dark, or he would have to spend the 
night in the timber. Late in the afternoon, 
about half way through the trail, he came to a 
large tree fallen across the path that his horse 
was unable to jump. He turned off into the 



timber to ride around the tree, and in wander- 
ing around through the underbrush on his 
horse became lost. Tying his horse to a tree 
and continuing his search on foot, he finally 
found the fallen tree and path. Being de- 
layed by this mishap, and fearing that he 
would not get through before dark, he hurried 
to resume his journey. To his dismay he was 
unable to find his horse and in desperation he 
called loudly. Before the echo of his voice 
had died away the horse whinnied. He said 
he never heard a more welcome sound, and 
at once was able to find his horse and lead it 
back to the trail. Riding along as rapidly as 
he could, he succeeded in getting through the 
blazed trail before dark, when he came to a 
road through the wilderness leading to War- 
ren. After he had gone some distance on this 
road it became quite dark, and going down 
into a deep ravine, through which a small creek 
flowed, he was unable to see. His horse be- 
came frightened and refused to go farther. 
However, with much urging he succeeded in 
getting him down into the stream, when, on 
looking up to the horizon, he saw an Indian 
standing on the bank of the little creek. He 
was terrified at seeing the Indian, as he had 
no thought of any danger for himself, thinking 
his horse had taken alarm at some animal, 
possibly a bear. He spoke to the Indian, ask- 
ing him how far it was to Warren. The 
Indian told him it was quite a distance and 
asked him if he would not have something to 
eat. pointing to a small wagon filled with 
venison. He declined the meal, saying that 
he was in a hurry to get through to Warren. 
Bidding him good evening he rode 011. and 
when he got over the brow of the hill ran his 
horse for quite a distance. On reaching War- 
ren he told the sheriff his experience with the 
Indian and how frightened he had been. The 
sheriff said the Indians there were peaceable 
and he was perfectly safe in their hands. The 
next morning he met the Indians in Warren, 
where they had disposed of their venison, and 
they assisted him with his prisoner as far back 
as their home on the little creek. 

At the termination of his term as sheriff 
Mr. Henderson was appointed marshal, and 
took the census of 1840. In 1843 ne was 
elected treasurer of Jefferson county and in 
[856 he was elected associate judge, serving in 
this capacity until i8f>o, when he resigned to 
run for prothonotary. register and recorder 
and clerk of the courts, to which office he was 
elected. In 1864 he was elected delegate to 
represent the Nineteenth Congressional dis- 
trict in the National Union convention held in 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Baltimore on the 7th day of June, 1864, repre- 
senting Jefferson, Clearfield, Cameron, War- 
ren and Erie counties. In this convention the 
delegates of every State but one cast their 
votes for Lincoln. The delegates from Mis- 
souri, where there had been a party split, had 
been instructed to vote for Grant and threw 
their twenty-two ballots for him. Lincoln had 
four hundred and eighty-four votes. On mo- 
tion of a delegate from Missouri the vote was 
made unanimous. The choice of the vice 
presidential candidate was not so easily accom- 
plished. The resolution that Lincoln and 
Hamlin be renominated by acclamation, pre- 
viously made by Simon Cameron of Pennsyl- 
vania, had been voted down. The politicians 
apparently wanted the old ticket nominated 
and were in favor of Hannibal Hamlin as vice 
president. Many of the delegates believed that 
a candidate from a border State and a Demo- 
crat would draw more votes than a Republican 
candidate from a Northern State, and seemed 
to favor Andrew Johnson, whom Lincoln had 
appointed military governor of Tennessee in 
[862, and whose political activity had made 
him well known to the administration. As 
the ballots were being taken, when Pennsyl- 
vania was called Simon Cameron, being chair- 
man of the delegation, voted the solid delega- 
tion for Hannibal Hamlin. On his taking his 
seat Mr. Henderson arose and requested nine 
or ten of Pennsylvania's votes withdrawn 
from Hannibal Hamlin and recorded for 
Andrew Johnson. Immediately Simon Cam- 
eron withdrew the other Pennsylvania votes 
cast for Hannibal Hamlin and had them re- 
corded for Andrew Johnson. The change of 
Pennsylvania's votes indicating that Andrew 
Johnson would be nominated, the other States 
which had voted withdrew their votes from 
the other candidates, and before the result was 
announced Johnson was unanimously nomi- 
nated. Thus Mr. Henderson was perhaps in- 
strumental in nominating Andrew Johnson 
vice president. His political influence was not 
confined to Jefferson county. He was a mem- 
ber of the State Central committee of the 
National Union of Pennsylvania in 1863-1868, 
and was frequently chosen as delegate to the 
State conventions and alternate to the National 
conventions of the Republican party, and was 
vigorous in politics, an active partisan and 
firm in the faith of the G. O. P. His influ- 
ence was solicited by many politicians, and 
among his papers we find letters from Gov. 
Andrew G. Curtin, United States Senator 
Simon Cameron. Gov. John W. Geary and 
Wayne McVeagh, chairman of the Union 



State Central committee; through him Mr. 
Henderson succeeded in securing Andrew G. 
Curtin to speak in Brookville in 1863 from 
the balcony on the east end of the "American 
House." 

Four of Mr. Henderson's sons participated 
in the war of the Rebellion, viz., 1 \\\, |. B., 
D. A. and E. B. 

On Feb. 17, 1840. Joseph \Y. Henderson 
was married to Nancy Wilson, who was born 
Dec. 25, 1819, daughter of Robert and Sarah 
I McConnell) Wilson, and survived him, con- 
tinuing to make her home at Brookville, cele- 
brating her ninety-seventh birthday Dec. 25, 
1916. She died at noon, Feb. 28, 1917. Mr. 
Henderson died in his eighty-second year, 
Feb. 25, 1896. He was a man of very- 
generous nature, never refusing alms to 
anyone, saying he would rather give to nine 
unworthy ones rather than to refuse one 
worthy person. Honorable to the highest de- 
gree himself, he appreciated this quality in 
others above everything. Mr. Henderson, like 
his wife, was a lifelong member of the Pres- 
byterian Church of Brookville, Pa. They had 
a family of eleven children, as follows: John 
Wilson, born Dec. 18, 1840; Joseph Butfmgton, 
born Sept. 14, 1842; David Albert, born Sept. 
27. 1844 ; Edward Benton, bom Nov. 29, 1846; 
Anna, born Feb. 4. 1849; Leander, born July 
2, 185 1, who died in infancy; Robert Leroy, 
born July 4, 1852, who died March 23, 1914; 
Samuel Stewart, born March 8, 1855 ; Sarah, 
born Feb. 19. 1858; Nancy, born Dec. 21, 
1861 ; and William Wirt, born Aug. 14, 1864. 
As will be seen nine of the family still survive. 

Joseph Washington Henderson was a de- 
scendant of sturdy Scotch-Irish ancestry, three 
of whom participated in the Revolutionary 
War, viz., John Henderson, James Henderson 
and Patrick Jack. 

Three brothers, Alexander. William and 
John Henderson, of Fordell, Scotland, emi- 
grated to the Colonies previous to 1740, locat- 
ing on Owl creek, near Alexandria, Va., where 
they soon separated. John, locating in Frank- 
lin county. Pa., within twenty miles of Cham- 
bersburg, nine miles of Shippensburg and three 
miles of Upper Strausburg, married - 

— , and from this union the fol- 



lowing children were born: James, born Oct. 
17, 1744; Agnes, born Sept. 17, 1746; John, 
born Dec. 9, 1748, Mary, born Dec. 19, 1750; 
and Joseph Washington, born April id, 1753. 
a Presbyterian minister who graduated from 
the College of New Jersey in t 7/f >. and died 
Sept. 1 1. [836. 

fames Henderson, son of John, married 





<_-£-<Z-£/?>i-' 



^^K^6c^^>^*H 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Sarah Hindman June 19, 1770. From this 
union the following children were horn : 
Martha, born June 12, 1771 ; Sarah, born Sept. 
6, 1773: James, born Nov. 17, 1775; Mary, 
born Sept. 24, 1777: John, born May 25, 1780 
(died Sept. 15, 1847) ; Agnes, born March 18, 
1782: Samuel, born June 25, 1784; Nancy, 
born Sept. 11, 1787; Joseph, born Jan. 17, 

1791 ; . born Jan. 14, 1794. 

John Henderson, son of James, married Oct. 
25. 1804, Anna Jack, daughter of Patrick and 
Anna Storey (Watson) Jack; the latter first 

married Watson. Anna Jack was 

born March 7, 1786, and died Oct. 2, 1869. 
From this union the following children were 
born: Margaret Holmes, born Dec. 21, 1805. 
died Sept. 10. 1865 : James, born Sept. 29, 1807. 
died Nov. 19, 1828; John Jack, born Sept. 17. 
1809, died July 21, 1877; Sarah Ann, born 
Aug. 17, 181 1, died Aug. 27, 1848; George 
Washington, born in August, 1813, died in 
August, 181 3, when three weeks old; Joseph 
Washington, born Aug. 27, 1814. died Feb. 27, 
1896; Jane McCombs, born May 13, 1816, died 
Feb. 18, 1916, in her one hundredth year; 
Samuel Hindman, born Sept. 24, 1818, died 
Oct. 16, 1883 ; Lavina, born Nov. 8, 1820, died 
in February, 1897; David Watson, born Oct. 
4, 1823, died July 23, 1909; William Clark, 
born Oct. 28, 1825, died in March, 1898; Mary 
Elizabeth, born Sept. 18, 1828, is living. 

JOHN J. Y. THOMPSON, well remem- 
bered by the older generation in Jefferson 
county as Judge Thompson, was born in 1805 
on a farm near Lewisville, Indiana Co.. Pa., 
where his parents, William and Agnes (Jamie- 
son 1 Thompson, had settled. This farm was 
deeded by Rev. John Jamieson and Agnes, his 
wife, to William Thompson and Agnes (Jamie- 
son) Thompson, his wife, the deed being dated 
March 26, 1817, and was afterwards known as 
the "John Gallagher Farm." 

Of Tndge Thompson's paternal ancestors 
little is known. The family were Scotch, and 
had settled in Ireland, whence they emigrated 
to America in 17 16. They located in Franklin 
county. Pa. In 1790 the Thompson family 
with about twelve cousins or relatives crossed 
the Alleghenv mountains with packhorses, 
settling in the wilderness near Altaian's Run, 
Indiana county. Robert Thompson died in 
1802. aged seventy years. Mary (Gordon), 
his wife, died in 1846, aged ninety-five years. 
These were John J. Y. Thompson's grand- 
parents. The family of Robert Thompson 
consisted of one daughter, Ruth, and four sons, 
Alexander. Moses. Adam and William. The 



daughter, Ruth, married James Lattimer, who 
died in 1824, aged forty-five years, and she 
died in 1 87 1, aged ninety-three years. They 
lived and died in Young township, Indiana Co., 
Pa. She was survived by children and grand- 
children : Jane, who married Tobias Brinker ; 
William, who married Catharine Rhees and 
(second) Julia A. Barnes; and Robert, who 
married Margaret Marshall. In 1816 Alexan- 
der Thompson migrated to Hanover, in the 
State of Indiana, where he lived and died. 
The other three brothers lived and died in 
Indiana county. Pa. Adam and Moses were 
slave owners. Moses married (first) Jane 
Jamieson, who died in 1801, leaving one child. 
John G. Thompson, and (second) Nancy 
Coleman, who died in 1855 ; the son, John G. 
Thompson, born in 1798, married Eliza Kin- 
caid in 1822 and (second) Jane E. Jamieson 
in 1 83 1, and died in Indiana; he was an acting 
justice of the peace for fifteen years, a captain 
in the 99th Regiment of Pennsylvania militia 
for seven years, a major for seven years, and a 
colonel for two years. William Thompson 
was a man of some wealth, and ran a distillery. 
He married Agnes Jamieson, daughter of Rev. 
John Jamieson, and had three sons and two 
daughters, to wit : John Jamieson Ypsilanti : 
Rev. Robert ; William Gordon, who lived and 
died in Jefferson county. Pa. ; Nancy, who 
married Washington Craig, of Clarion county. 
Pa. (Calvin A. Craig, second colonel of the 
105th Pennsylvania Regiment, who was killed 
at Deep Bottom. \ a., was of this family) ; 
and Mary, who married Alexander McKnight 
and left two sons, Col. Amor A. McKnight, of 
the 105th Pennsylvania Volunteers, who was 
killed while leading a charge at Chancellors- 
ville. and Dr. W. J. McKnight, the author of 
this work. The second son of William Thomp- 
son, Rev. Robert Thompson, was an educated 
Presbyterian divine and preached for a num- 
ber of years in Beloit. Wis., moving thence to 
Greeley, Colo., where he lived and died. He 
was married and left two sons, W. F., of 
Denver, Colo., and James K., of Greeley. 

John Jamieson Thompson grew up on the 
home place, receiving his entire education in 
a little cabin schoolhouse on an adjoining farm 
owned by Adam Elliott. For seven years he 
went to Master Adam Elliott, who was the 
teacher. Master Elliott's school was a sub- 
scription one, and was conducted under the 
law of 1809. Mr. Elliott was a great mathe- 
matician and a fine penman, and taught young 
Thompson practical surveying. Of the Judge's 
early boyhood days we have little knowledge, 
save that he was an acknowledged leader 



8 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



among his schoolmates, beloved by his asso- 
ciates and esteemed by his master. He ex- 
celled in civil engineering and surveying, and 
when such work was to be done was invariably 
selected as assistant. His father dying in 1817 
of smallpox, at Altman's Run, he was thrown 
upon his own resources, and at an early age 
left the home roof and became a clerk in the 
store of Nathaniel Nesbitt, at Blairsville, Pa. 
In a short time after this he embarked in 
business for himself, but his venture not prov- 
ing successful he abandoned it, and in 1831 
removed to the wilderness of Jefferson county, 
Pennsylvania. 

In the year 1832 Mr. Thompson established 
in Brookville, Jefferson county, and issued the 
first number of the Brookville Gazette, in a 
little house on the lot (corner of Pickering 
and Jefferson streets) where F. C. Deemer 
now (1915) resides. Terms of the Gazette 
were as follows : 

"To be published every Monday, at two dol- 
lars per annum, exclusive of postage ; and two 
dollars and fifty cents, including postage, pay- 
able half yearly in advance. 

"No subscription taken for a shorter period 
than six months, and no withdrawal whilst in 
arrears. 

"A failure to notify an intention to discon- 
tinue at the end of six months is considered 
a new engagement. 

"Advertisements will be inserted at the rate 
of One Dollar per square inch for the three 
first insertions, and Twenty-five cents for 
every continuance ; those of greater length in 
proportion. 

"All orders directed to the Editor must be 
post paid or they cannot receive attention. 

"Grain, rags, beeswax, tallow, furs or pelts, 
will be taken in payment of subscription, if 
paid within the current year." 

This was the pioneer newspaper within the 
confines of the county. It was printed on 
coarse paper, thirteen inches wide and twenty 
inches long. In politics it was Democratic. 
In 1833 Thomas Reid purchased a half in- 
terest in it. The paper then became independ- 
ent in politics, and was called The Gazette. 
Thompson and Reid not agreeing, Reid re- 
tired, and Thompson and James P. P.lair con- 
tinued the publication. In 1833 Thompson dis- 
posed of his interest to Dr. R. K. Scott, and 
the firm became Blair &- Scott. 

In the fall of 1834 John Jamieson Thomp- 
son added Ypsilanti to his name and moved 
to Dowlingville, Jefferson county, where he 
remained until the summer of 1837, when he 
returned to Brookville. and. in the ensuing 



November, built a sawmill on Sandy Lick at 
the present site of Bell's Mills. Here he re- 
mained until the summer of 1840, when he sold 
his mill to Alpheus Shaw and returned to 
Brookville. He remained in Brookville three 
months, and then removed to Heathville, Tef- 
ferson county, returning to Brookville in 1841. 
He then moved to the farm in Union township 
now owned by Arthur Morrison, where he 
lived one year. In 1843 Mr. Thompson pur- 
chased a tract of land from Daniel Stannard, 
of Indiana, Pa., known as Warrant No. 681, 
where he erected a hotel and engaged in the 
hotel business and in merchandising. He se- 
cured a post office for the place, which he 
named Corsica, and was appointed postmaster 
in 1844. In 1847 ne surveyed and laid out 
the town of Corsica. While living here his 
youngest son. Robert Means (now of New 
York City), was born in 1849. 

J. J. Y. Thompson served as justice of the 
peace, was elected a number of times county 
surveyor, and was prothonotary, register, etc., 
from 1845 to 1848, when he again removed to 
Brookville. having purchased the "Arcade" 
and "American" buildings, at the price of 
twenty thousand dollars. These were then the 
largest and finest business blocks in the place. 
He occupied the "American," and continued 
in the hotel business until the two buildings, 
with all their contents, were destroyed by fire 
May 24, [856: Having no insurance, this lire 
left Mr. Thompson without a dollar and 
financially embarrassed. Possessing a good 
name, and nothing daunted, the third day after 
the fire he and his boys commenced to clear 
away the debris and began preparation for re- 
building. Owing to his well-known business 
integrity and great energy, he surmounted 
every obstacle and completed and occupied 
what is now known as the "American." In 
1865 he sold it and removed to Portsmouth, 
Ohio, and was engaged in the lumber business 
until he was suddenly removed by death, Aug. 
19, 1865, in the sixtieth year of his age. He 
was buried in Portsmouth, Ohio, where he 
sleeps the dreamless sleep. 

Judge Thompson was a man of fine pres- 
ence, pleasing address and popular manners. 
His name and face became familiar in every 
cabin, and the hand of friendship was uni- 
versally extended to him alike by young and 
old. For many years his services as surveyor 
were in requisition in all this region of the 
country. He was associate judge from 1S61 
to 1865. He was foremost in aiding and ad- 
vancing every public enterprise of his day. 
He was of a genial, social disposition, inspiring 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



all with whom he came in contact with the 
spirit of sociability. Kind and sympathetic by 
nature, he was ever ready to aid the poor and 
distressed, who were never turned away from 
his door. A strong Republican, he was an un- 
compromising Union man during the war, and 
took the deepest interest in all that pertained 
to those times that tried men's souls. Out- 
spoken and bold in his utterances, he was 
nearly always found engaged in defending the 
principles for which three of his own boys 
were fighting. He was, during the war, the 
devoted friend of the soldier, and the families 
of those who were absent fighting in the bat- 
tles for freedom. He kept "open house" for 
the "boys.'' on their way to and from the front. 
One of the most vivid recollections of the 
writer's (Dr. W. J. McKnight) departure for 
the army is the close handshake, and the fer- 
vent "God bless you," of Judge Thompson, 
as, bareheaded, and with tears running down 
his 'cheeks, he bade us good-bye. Judge 
Thompson ever adhered to the faith of his 
fathers, and lived and died a member of the 
United Presbyterian Church. 

Judge Thompson was a man of rare intelli- 
gence, charitable, kind, and bold, with a Scotch 
temper that would at times break out. when 
due provocation was given, with "I'll be dod 
danged to Harry," and "I'll be dod danged to 
dangnation." But with this explosion over, 
everything with him was just as tender and 
serene as if no thunderclap had jarred the 
atmosphere. 

On July 25, 1833, John J. Y. Thompson was 
married to Agnes Susan Kenned v, and com- 
menced married life in Brookville. Agnes S. 
Thompson was a daughter of Rev. William 
and Mary Kennedy, and was born near Lewis- 
town, Mifflin county, in the vear 1813, her 
father being the first Presbyterian minister to 
locate in Jefferson county. Her mother was 
Mary, daughter of Benjamin and Agnes (Wal- 
lace) McClure, of Chester county, so that she 
was descended from one of the oldest and 
most noted families in eastern Pennsylvania. 
The family still holds lands in Chester county 
that were granted to their ancestor, John Mc- 
Clure, by the Perms in 1784. This John Mo ' 
Clure, who was Mrs. Thompson's great-grand- 
father, emigrated to the United States in 1730 
from the North of Ireland, where he had gone 
from Scotland, and settled in North Carolina, 
afterwards removing to Chester county, where 
he died. The McClure family were stanch 
Presbyterians, and they left Ireland in order 
that they might worship God according to their 
own forms. From conviction they were "fed- 



eralists," Mrs. Thompson's grandfather. Ben- 
jamin AlcClure, serving in the Revolutionary 
war, and with one or two exceptions they have 
held to the political faith of. their fathers and 
are to-day stanch Republicans. Mrs. Thomp- 
son was worthy of the good old Scotch-Irish 
ancestry from which she sprang, being a 
woman of sterling worth, possessing those 
qualities of mind that caused her to be beloved 
and respected by all who knew her. She spent 
the greater part of her life in Jefferson county 
with the exception of five years' residence in 
Portsmouth, Ohio, whence she returned to 
Brookville in 1870, and where she resided until 
June 2j, 1877, when she exchanged her home 
for that "better one" to which her husband and 
some of her children had preceded her. 

The children of John J. Y. and Agnes S. 
1 Kennedy) Thompson numbered ten, of whom 
two died early, James when about one year old, 
and Blanche aged about three years, the latter 
on March 2, 1841;, at Corsica. The remaining 
children were William Kennedv. lohn Jamie- 
son. Annie M. Albert Clifton. Clarence Rus- 
sell. Robert Means. Ella Agnes and Laura 
Edith. The eldest son, William Kennedy 
Thompson, born June 25, 1834, at Dowling- 
ville. Pa., was married in Allegheny City, Jan. 
14. 1858. to Jane C. Porterfield, of Butler 
county. Pa. John Jamieson, the second son, is 
mentioned at greater length elsewhere. Annie 
M. was married July 7. i860, to John N. Garri- 
son, and resides in Florida. Albert Clifton. 
Clarence Russell and Robert Means are also 
mentioned further on. Ella Agnes married 
John L. McNeil, and lives in Colorado. Laura 
Edith married George T. Rodgers. and died at 
the age of twenty-three years. But three are 
now living, viz. : Annie M.. Ella Agnes and 
Col. Robert Means Thompson. 

HON. GEORGE A. JENKS, late of Brook- 
ville, made a distinguished record at the bar 
and in public life which sheds permanent dis- 
tinction upon Jefferson county. The honors 
he won in the legal profession proclaimed him 
one of the leading lawyers in the country. 
During his service in Congress he was as- 
signed to the most important matters then up 
for discussion before that body, and in every 
capacity he attracted the favorable notice of 
competent judges. He was one of the ablest 
members of a family noted for intellectual 
strength and highly gifted mentally, whose nat- 
ural endowments and brilliant attainments have 
made them makers of history throughout their 
connection with the State of Pennsylvania, 
which dates from Provincial days. He was of 



Ill 



JEFFERSOX COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Welsh descent, a great-grandson of Thomas 
Jenks, who was a follower of William Penn. 

Dr. John Wildman Jenks. the father of 
George A. Jenks, was brought up in the doc- 
trines of the Friends. He was born in Bucks 
county, Pa., and was brought up there, at 
Newtown, receiving unusual educational ad- 
vantages for the time. He was graduated from 
the University of Pennsylvania before the war 
of 1812, studied medicine and graduated from 
Jefferson Medical College, and in 1817 set- 
tled in Jefferson county, Pa. For many years 
afterwards he was a popular physician all over 
the southern part of the county, and his house 
was the center of a wide hospitality. He and 
his father-in-law, Rev. David Barclay, a Scotch 
Presbyterian minister, were two of the first 
settlers at what is now Punxsutawney, they 
purchasing the land on which that borough 
now stands. Dr. Jenks married Mary Dey 
Barclay, a native of New Jersey, who was of 
the fifth generation in descent from Col. David 
Barclay, the original of the "Barclay of Ury" 
of Whittier's poem. The Doctor died in 1850, 
his wife some time later. Their family con- 
sisted of ten children, eight sons and two 
daughters, one daughter and one son dying 
before reaching maturity. One son, Charles, 
died in young manhood, on his way to Cali- 
fornia, and was buried at sea. The others 
lived to marry and rear families. Phineas. 
the second son, was the first white male child 
born in Punxsutawney. William P., born in 
1821, became the eminent and well known 
judge of this judicial district. John, the third 
son, was bom at Punxsutawney, July 13. 1823. 
James attained distinction as an officer in the 
Civil war. George A. brought even greater 
honor to the family name. Alary Caroline was 
the wife of Isaac Grantham Gordon, chief jus- 
tice of Pennsylvania, and was the last survivor 
of the family. D. B. became an eminent law- 
yer. 

George A. Jenks was born at Punxsutawney 
March 26. 1836, and was reared there. He 
settled on the legal profession as his life work 
when a mere boy, and never had any reason 
for wishing that he had swerved from his early 
decision. When he was fourteen years old he 
lost his father, and he began the serious busi- 
ness of life two years later, when he entered 
upon a two years' apprenticeship to the trade of 
carpenter and joiner. This calling he followed 
during his young manhood, meantime also 
teaching school and devoting some time to civil 
engineering work, in the latter connection as- 
sisting in the laying out of the city of Omaha, 
Nebr., in the spring of 1855. In the fall of 



that year he became a member of the junior 
class at Jefferson College, having done his 
preparatory work by studying mornings and 
evenings out of business hours, under the able 
guidance of his guardian, Hon. W. P. Jenks 
(his brother), who had been his adviser in this 
respect from his early boyhood. With Mr. 
Jenks he had also studied law. So well had he 
utilized his spare time that he was graduated 
from Jefferson College in 1858, and during 
the next few months he completed the legal 
course under his brother, being admitted to the 
Jefferson county bar in February, 1859. He 
turned to practice at once, and had his first 
case in court the following September, success- 
fully defending his clients, a widow and her 
minor children endeavoring to save their home, 
though some of the best talent in this part of 
Pennsylvania worked against him. From that 
time on he was intrusted with the defense or 
prosecution of many of the most important 
cases fought in the local courts, not only in his 
own county but in other counties of western 
and central Pennsylvania, where his reputa- 
tion spread steadily. 

From the time of his election to Congress, in 
the fall of 1874, Mr. Jenks was a national fig- 
ure. Though the Twenty-fifth Pennsylvania 
district was strongly Republican, and he was 
known as a firm Democrat, he was the suc- 
cessful candidate at the election that year, in 
spite of the fact that his opponent was so 
powerful and popular a man as Hon. Harry 
White, and he took his seat in the Forty-fourth 
Congress with "a large order" to fill in living 
up to the traditions of some of his predeces- 
sors. It was not long before it became appar- 
ent that he had nothing to lose by comparison. 
In a debate over the character of an invalid 
pension he not only made his point, but in 
so doing established the status of such a con- 
tract so securely that his opinion has stood as 
the standard ever since. This and other argu- 
ments coming up about the same time brought 
his ability before his colleagues and gained 
their respect for his talents and sincerity in 
espousing any cause which enlisted his sympa- 
thv. The speaker appointed him chairman of 
the committee on Invalid Pensions, and his 
report on the conditions and operations of the 
Pension bureau was a masterly document, sup- 
plemented by a bill designed to correct further 
abuses, including the protection of the rights 
of legal heirs and assigns in the case of bounty 
land warrants, which were changed from per- 
sonal to real property. By the time the pro- 
ceedings were instituted against Secretary of 
War Belknap, of Grant's cabinet, he was 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



11 



regarded with such confidence that he was one 
of the seven managers elected by the House to 
conduct the impeachment, and he was one of 
the committee elected by the managers to draw 
the pleadings. When Belknap resigned he was 
appointed to make one of the arguments on 
the question of the jurisdiction of the Senate 
to impeach after the officer had resigned, and 
afterwards, because of Mr. Lapham's illness, 
he was selected to discuss the facts. It was 
generally conceded that no other lawyer con- 
cerned in the case displayed greater acumen, 
penetration or comprehensive familiarity with 
the necessary legal knowledge. 

When the subject of the distribution of the 
Geneva award came before the House in ma- 
jority and minority reports, Mr. Jenks, from 
the Judiciary committee, offered an amend- 
ment to the majority report, which was passed 
by the House as amended by him. His argu- 
ment in behalf of the report with bis amend- 
ment involved some of the most difficult 
questions of international law, which he han- 
dled with the utmost skill. Early in the sec- 
ond session of the Forty-fourth Congress he 
was appointed one of the committee of fifteen 
to investigate the conduct of elections in Louis- 
iana, and when he returned from the errand 
was appointed by the chairman of the Demo- 
cratic caucus one of a committee of three to 
represent the Democracy of the Hoilse in pre- 
paring, presenting and discussing the facts and 
the law before the electoral commission. Mr. 
Jenks made the opening arguments in the cases 
of Louisiana and Oregon, and he received the 
most complimentary comments from Senators 
Bayard and Thurman, who were present at the 
trial of the first case, as well as from all who 
had the privilege of hearing or reading his 
part in the proceedings before the electoral 
commission. 

Mr. Jenks returned to practice after retir- 
ing from Congress, but he was not allowed to 
remain in private life. On July i, 1SS5, he 
was appointed assistant secretary of the Inte- 
rior, entirely without solicitation on his part, 
and though he held the office only a little more 
than a year he had intrenched himself so 
thoroughly in President Cleveland's admira- 
tion that on July 28, 1886, he nominated Mr. 
Jenks for appointment as solicitor general of 
the United States, which nomination was con- 
firmed by the Senate the next day without even 
the formality of being referred to a committee 
— a compliment rarely paid to anyone who had 
never served in that body. His private prac- 
tice extended into almost every branch of legal 
work known in Pennsylvania, and into almost 



every section of the State. On May 15. 1886, 
he resigned as assistant secretary of the Inte- 
rior in order to devote himself to his duties as 
attorney for John E. DuBois, the wealthy 
Clearfield county lumberman, having made a 
promise to his client's uncle, John DuBois, that 
he would take charge of all the legal business 
of the nephew, and he held to his promises so 
conscientiously that he would not accept the 
solicitor generalship until Mr. DuBois had 
given his consent. It was given cordially, and 
Mr. Jenks obtained the assistance of Hon. W. 
P. Jenks to handle the affairs of the DuBois 
estate. He held the office throughout Cleve- 
land's administration, and was subsequently 
nominee for governor of Pennsylvania, as weil 
as United States senator. He was always a 
loyal Democrat, and the numerous honors ex- 
tended to him by his party were in grateful 
recognition of his valuable services, and will- 
ing acknowledgment of his superior qualities. 
He made his home at Brookville, where he died 
Feb. 10, 1908. 

Mr. Jenks was married, Jan. 3, i860, to 
Mary Agnes Elizabeth Mabon, daughter of 
Thomas Mabon, of Brookville, and they had 
two children, namely: Thomas Mabon, who 
died in 1874, aged thirteen years ; and Emma 
Laura, who married Benjamin F. Shively, late 
United States senator from Indiana. 

CADMUS Z. GORDON", of Brookville, has 
taken high rank among practitioners at the 
Jefferson county bar, where the name has been 
associated with legal talent and mental quali- 
ties of a high order for seventy years, since the 
late Judge Isaac Grantham Gordon, his father, 
settled there in 1846. His grandfather, Zac- 
cheus, the first of the family of whom we have 
record, was born in Northumberland county, 
Pa., and spent the latter part of his life in 
Jefferson county. He was a coppersmith by 
trade. He married Harriet Lewis. The Gor- 
dons are of Scotch-Irish extraction. 

Isaac Grantham Gordon was born Dec. 
22. 1 819, at Lewisburg, Union Co., Pa., where 
he spent his early life and acquired by per- 
sistent effort an excellent classical and scien- 
tific education, though his attendance was lim- 
ited to the common schools, with one term at 
the Lewisburg Academy. The restrictions of 
his younger years gave little promise of the 
high position he was destined to attain. He 
was only a boy when he went to learn the trade 
of molder, with the purpose of becoming an 
iron founder eventually, and it was an accident 
which caused him to give up this ambition, one 
of his feet having been seriously injured by 



12 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



molten iron, disabling him for work of that 
character. With a natural taste for intellec- 
tual pursuits, it was not as hard for him to 
give up a physical for a mental occupation as 
it was to find proper opportunities for the exer- 
cise of the latter. But in its development his 
genius made a place for itself in the com- 
munity where he became established. He de- 
cided upon the law, and in [839 entered the 
orhce of James M. Linn, at Lewisburg, where 
he studied faithfully and was admitted to the 
liar in Union county in April, 1843. Three 
months later lie opened an office, locating at 
Curwensville, Clearfield county, where before 
long he formed a partnership with George R. 
Barrett. In 1846 he settled at Brookville, 
where he maintained his home during the rest 
of his life. During the first few years he 
was in partnership first with George R. Bar- 
rett, and afterwards with Elijah Heath, until 
Judge Heath's removal to Pittsburgh in 1850. 
It was not long before his ability received 
recognition, and in i860 and 1861 he repre- 
sented his district in the State Legislature, Jef- 
ferson being included with Clearfield, Elk and 
McKean counties. During his second term he 
was chairman of the General Judiciary com- 
mittee. Further evidence of the confidence he 
inspired was shown in his appointment, in 1866, 
by Governor Hartranft, as presiding judge of 
the new judicial district formed from the coun- 
ties of Mercer and Venango, and taken from 
the Eighteenth Judicial district, to serve until 
an election should have occurred. On Nov. 5. 
1873, he was elected a member of the Penn- 
sylvania Supreme court, and on July 14, 1887. 
became chief justice, in which capacity he 
served out the remainder of the fifteen-year 
term for which he had been elected, until Dec. 
18, 188K. Judge Gordon's decisions in every 
judicial capacity, and particularly in his long 
career in the highest judicial body of the State, 
are a valuable part of the court records of 
Pennsylvania. His work shows the most 
painstaking attention to the spirit of the law 
and to the maintenance of equity in cases 
brought before him, as well as a comprehensive 
knowledge of the laws of his State and their 
application. During his fifteen years on the 
Supreme bench he was away from home much 
of the time, but he never relinquished his inter- 
est in local affairs, and his closing years were 
spent in the enjoyment of the home at Brook- 
ville, where he died Sept. 4, 1803. He is buried 
in the Brookville cemetery. Soon after com- 
ing to Brookville Judge Gordon joined the 
Presbyterian Church, of which his wife was 
also a member, and they were always among 



its loyal workers and supporters, the Judge 
serving as elder for a number of years. 

In 1847 Mr. Gordon married Mary Caroline 
Jenks, who was born April 26, 1829, in Punx- 
sutawney, and survived him over twenty years, 
passing away Feb. 19, 1916, at the home of her 
daughter Mrs. Fulton. She was buried from 
the Fulton home, Rev. James B. Hill, of the 
Brookville Presbyterian Church.' conducting 
the services. She was interred beside her hus- 
band. Mr. and Mrs. Gordon began their mar- 
ried life in a little one-story house then stand- 
ing on the south side of Jefferson street, be- 
tween Spring alley and Franklin avenue, on 
Lot 71. They reared the following children: 
Helen, who married William Forster, of Lew- 
isburg ( she has one son, I. Gordon Forster) ; 
Harriet, wife of Rev. William S. Fulton, a 
Presbyterian minister, formerly located at Lex- 
ington, Ky., now of Brookville; Anna M., wife 
of Rev. John M. Richmond, a Presbyterian 
minister, formerly of Princeton, Ky., now at 
( >rmond, Fla. ; and Cadmus Z. 

Airs. Mary Caroline f Jenks") Gordon was a 
<laughter of Dr. John Wildman and Mary Dey 
( Barclay ) Jenks. the latter a daughter of Rev. 
David liarclay. he and Dr. Jenks being two of 
the first settlers of Punxsutawney. Mrs. Jenks 
was fifth in descent in direct line from Col. 
David Barclay, the original of "Barclay of 
Crv" of Whittier's poem. Dr. Jenks was a 
grandson of Thomas Jenks, who was a fol- 
lower of William Penn, and was brought up 
in the doctrines of the Friends. He was a 
graduate of Jefferson Medical College, came 
from New Jersey to Pennsylvania in 181 7. and 
for many years after was a popular physician 
all over the southern part of the county. His 
house was the center of a wide circle of hospi- 
tality. His family consisted of ten children, 
eight sons and two daughters, one daughter 
and two sons dying before reaching maturity. 
One son died in young manhood, on his way to 
California, and was buried at sea. The others 
lived to marry and rear families. Phineas. the 
second son. was the first white male child born 
in Punxsutawney; William P. became the emi- 
nent and well known judge of this judicial dis- 
trict; Tames attained distinction as an officer 
in the Civil war; George A. became a member 
of Congress, manager of the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the impeachment proceedings 
against Secretary Belknap of Grant's cabinet, 
Democratic nominee for both governor and 
United States senator in Pennsylvania, solicitor 
general during Cleveland's administration and 
a recognized leader among the lawyers of 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



13 



Pennsylvania. Mrs. Gordon was the last sur- 
vivor of the family. 

Cadmus Z. Gordon was born Jan. 8, 1856, in 
Brookville, and received his education in the 
public schools, the academy at Corsica, and 
finishing with a course at Yale College, gradu- 
ating from its scientific department in 1878. 
His natural ability led him into the law, and he 
began his legal studies in the office of Jenks & 
Clark, completing his course in the office of 
Gordon & Corbet. He was admitted to the 
bar in September, 1880, and has been practicing 
continuously since. During the middle nine- 
ties he formed a partnership with Harry R. 
Wilson which continued for some time, their 
office being at Clarion. There are few men at 
the Jefferson county bar who have acquired a 
more creditable clientele. Mr. Gordon has 
been almost exclusively devoted to his profes- 
sion, laboring zealously in the interests of his 
clients and incidentally working for the raising 
of legal standards, qualifications of lawyers 
and efficiency in court methods, all of which 
have undergone considerable change during his 
career. He is a director of the National Bank 
of Brookville, and a sincere supporter of local 
institutions tending to give his community the 
advantages enjoyed by progressive municipali- 
ties everywhere. 

Mr. Gordon was married in 1887 to Kate D. 
Acheson, daughter of Judge Marcus W. Ache- 
son, of the United States Circuit court, with 
jurisdiction in the Pennsylvania, Delaware and 
New Jersey circuit. Five children have been 
born to them : Prof. Marcus Acheson, Mary 
Jenks, Robert Bruce, Cadmus Z., Jr., and 
Sophia. 

Jl'DGE JAMES FI. BELL, deceased, was 
one of the prominent residents of Jefferson 
county, and it was in his honor that Bell town- 
ship was named when separated from Young 
township in 1857. More than a quarter of 
a century previously he had settled there, 
founding the settlement ever since known 
as Bells Mills, the importance of that com- 
munity depending almost wholly upon his 
energies. Of keen intellect and high moral 
principles, he possessed the superior character 
which entitled him to be a trusted leader, and 
was ever deserving of the confidence which 
his neighbors manifested, giving generously 
of time and means to advance the public- 
welfare. His descendants generally have 
shown the same traits of uprightness and 
moral strength, as well as ability in looking 
after material affairs. 

Judge Bell was born Oct. 2, 1800, in Walton, 



N. Y., and was of Scotch-English parentage. 
He came with the family to western Pennsyl- 
vania a short time previous to 1812, they 
making a settlement in Armstrong county, at 
what was then Warren (now Apollo). There 
growing to manhood, he was married in 1826 
to Anna McConaughy, and in 1831 came to 
Jefferson county, purchasing a large tract of 
land in what was then Young township, on 
Mahoning creek. It was in the forest, and 
though like the majority of pioneers he had 
little or no means, by untiring perseverance 
he in 1833 built a saw- and gristmill, the first 
in that vicinity, and Bells Mills was where 
settlers for long distances came to obtain their 
flour. In 1840 he started the first store in the 
township, and when the postoffice was estab- 
lished he became the first postmaster, so con- 
tinuing for many years. He was a leader in 
the Democratic party, repeatedly serving as 
delegate to its various conventions. In 1853 
he was appointed by Governor Bigler to the 
office of associate judge, to fill a vacancy, 
and at the ensuing election was regularly 
elected. His ability and fairness as a judge, 
and his high standing as a citizen, were ac- 
corded further recognition when the new 
township was named in his honor. He was 
the moving spirit in the development of the 
community. The first schoolhouse, the only 
one nearer than Punxsutawney, was erected 
by him and a couple of neighbors, short terms 
being taught by private instructors at their 
expense. 

Judge Bell died Sept. 15, 1877, and was 
buried in the old cemetery at Punxsutawney, 
having survived his wife by eleven years, as 
she passed away at the age of sixty-one. She 
was a native of Mifflin county, and of Irish 
parentage. He was a member of the Baptist 
Church. Of the thirteen children born to this 
couple four died young, two sons and seven 
daughters surviving: John T., William E., 
both now deceased ; Margaret, who died in 
1 90 1 ; Nancy Jane, who married John M. 
Jordan and now lives at Punxsutawney ; Anna, 
who married Robert A. Gourley, and died in 
1906 at Indiana ; Sarah, who died in February, 
[913; Harriet, still residing on part of the 
old homestead ; Fvaline, who became the wife 
of August G. Winslow, and died in 1883 in 
< iaskill township; and Elizabeth R., wife of 
Milton Carlisle, residing in Curwensville, 
Clearfield county. 

The three sisters, Margaret, Sarah and Har- 
riet, made their home at the old homestead 
until it was sold, and Harriet now occupies a 
neat brick dwelling which she erected in 1914, 



14 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



on another part of the old homestead given 
to these three daughters by their father. While 
the three sisters were together they took two 
little motherless boys, John and Charles Wood, 
to bring up, giving them a home, and the 
former still lives with Miss Bell ; he married 
Pearl Wineberg, and they have one daughter, 
Sarah Harriet. 

WILLIAM P. JENKS was a man of strong 
character, and one of a group which did much 
to give a tone of vigorous uprightness to the 
community as it grew out of the pioneer stage. 
He was born May 2j, 182 1, being the third son 
of Dr. John \\*. Jenks. His early education 
was received at home, being supplemented by 
one year at Jefferson College shortly before 
that institution and Washington College were 
united to form the present Washington and 
Jefferson University. He studied law with his 
eldest brother, David Barclay Jenks, and was 
admitted to the bar Sept. 9, 1845. With the 
strong confidence of youth he started practice 
for himself, and was married on Dec. 23, 
1845, t0 Sarah Catharine Corbet. Legal busi- 
ness was but scanty, however, and the first 
years were times of privation and struggle. To 
his last days he remembered the relief with 
which he received one of his earliest fees, a 
bushel of potatoes, which came to him in the 
first winter of his marriage. He had a fine 
voice and was very fond of music. His knowl- 
edge of this art was a great pleasure to him 
throughout his life, and of some service to 
him in the early years of his struggle. Dur- 
ing one winter he taught a singing school at 
Port Barnett, walking out to that place one 
evening of each week during the season. For 
the winter's work he received the sum of fif- 
teen dollars, which was a very welcome addi- 
tion to his legal earnings. On Dec. 8, 1845, ne 
was appointed district attorney (deputy at- 
torney general) of the county, and his prac- 
tice gradually extended to all the neighboring 
counties. In 1866 he was elected to the legis- 
lature from the Assembly district of Clarion 
and Jefferson counties. In 1871 he was elected 
president judge of the Eighteenth Judicial 
district, which at that time was composed of 
Clarion, Jefferson and Forest counties. Dur- 
ing his term the discovery of oil in the district, 
and the shifting of the center of oil produc- 
tion toward it, rendered it for a while one of 
the busiest and most important districts in the 
State. The controversy between the producers 
and the pipe line interests, involving, as it did. 
railway transportation problems and the sys- 
tem of secret rebates, centered there for a 



time. His insistence that both sides come out 
into the open cost him dear personally, but, at 
a time when both lawyers and business men 
throughout the country were groping more or 
less blindly for a solution, it helped point the 
only way by which justice could be secured. 

After retiring from the bench he resumed 
the practice of law, which he continued until 
old age necessitated his retirement. He died 
on April 25, 1902. 

BERNARD YLRSTIXE was one of the 
strong and resolute men to whom success 
comes as a natural prerogative, and within the 
course of a long and signally useful life he 
showed his mastery of expedients and circum- 
stances by overcoming obstacles that obtruded 
in his path and by making his way forward to 
the goal of definite independence and pros- 
perity. He was significantly the architect of 
his own fortunes and fortunate it was that 
Brookville and Jefferson county represented 
the stage of his earnest and resourceful efforts, 
for he contributed much to civic and material 
progress, stood an exponent of the most loyal 
and liberal citizenship and ordered his life 
upon a high plane of personal integritv and 
honor, so that he was accorded by his fellow- 
men the fullest measure of confidence and good 
will. Coming from his native land to America 
when a young man, he entered fully into the 
spirit of its institutions and typified the best in 
American citizenship. He was long one of the 
prominent and influential citizens of Jefferson 
county and a tribute to his memory consistently 
finds place in this history of the county. 

Bernard Yerstine was born at Zute. Bel- 
gium, on the 9th of May, 1829, and passed the 
dosing period of his life in the city of Detroit. 
Mich., where his death occurred tin the 28th 
of January. 1911, his remains being brought 
back to his old home in Pennsylvania for inter- 
ment in beautiful Brookville cemetery. 

Reared to manhood in Belgium, where he 
received good educational advantages, Mr. 
Yerstine set forth to establish a home in the 
United States. His equipment was honesty of 
purpose, industrious habits, an alert mentality 
and a determination that recognized no bounds, 
so that he was well fortified, even though his 
financial resources were of most meager order 
at the initiation of his independent career. On 
ihe 1st of September. 1849. about eight months 
prior to attaining his legal majority, Mr. Yer- 
stine, accompanied by a companion, Yictor 
DeHau, embarked on a sailing vessel for Amer- 
ica, the land of promise. They landed at 
Philadelphia on the 24th of December, 1849, 



I EFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



15 



after a protracted and stormy voyage across 
the merciless sea, and within a short time 
thereafter Mr. Yerstine located at a place then 
known as New Flanders, near the present city 
of St. Marys, Elk county, there having been at 
the time a flourishing Belgian colony at that 
place, as the name Xew Flanders implied. 
After finding employment for a time in clear- 
ing land, Mr. Yerstine began seriously to con- 
sult ways and means for advancing himself, 
and ere long he showed his wisdom by taking 
unto himself a companion. 

In February, 1851, was solemnized his mar- 
riage to Harriet Van Overbeck, who likewise 
was born in Belgium and who accompanied her 
parents, Charles and Amelia Van Overbeck. 
from their native land to America. Mr. and 
Mrs. Van Overbeck eventually became citizens 
of Brookville, where they were known and 
honored for their sterling character and where 
they passed the closing years of their lives; his 
death occurred in 1882 and she passed away in 
June, 1889. 

In September, 1851, a few months after his 
marriage, Bernard Verstine came with his 
young wife to Brookville, and here his first 
work was that of carrying brick in the erection 
of the old "Union Hotel." Later he labored 
lustily in the lumber woods of this section, and 
was finally enabled to engage in lumbering in 
an independent way. in Clearfield county, his 
timber having been sawed in the mill then 
operated at Brookville by the late Judge Philip 
Taylor. He eventually formed a partnership 
with Judge Taylor, and they came into control 
of large and valuable timber tracts in Jeffer- 
son county, in the development of which they 
realized substantial profits. Mr. Yerstine also 
acquired a tract of timber and operated a saw- 
mill at Five-mile Run, and in this connection 
he carried forward his operations in partner- 
ship with a man named Delworth, of Pitts- 
burgh. In continuing his successful lumbering 
enterprises Mr. Yerstine became interested in 
the firm of Carrier, Yerstine & Klein, in which 
his associates were C. M. Carrier and Bernard 
Klein. They operated a large sawmill known 
as the Xorth Fork mill, and Mr. Yerstine con- 
tinued his active association with the business 
until 1891, when he removed to Detroit, Mich., 
in which State he had accumulated important 
financial interests, the same demanding his per- 
sonal supervision. He sold his business inter- 
ests in Jefferson county to his sons at the time 
.of his removal to Michigan, and, as before 
noted, passed the remainder of his life in the 
beautiful city of Detroit, though he continued 



to make frequent visits to his old home in 
Brookville. 

Mr. Yerstine entered loyally into all com- 
munity affairs during the long years of his 
residence at Brookville and did much to fur- 
ther the advancement of the fine little county 
seat, including the erection of several fine 
buildings. In early years he was an active and 
valued member of the Brookville Guards, a 
well disciplined military organization. He was 
one of the organizers of the Brookville Water 
Company, in July, 1883, was a member of its 
first board of directors, but the following year 
sold his stock in the company. In 1879 he was 
one of the organizers of the old Brookville 
Fair Association and took an active part in its 
development, as did he also in all other mat- 
ters pertaining to the community welfare and 
progress. His political allegiance was given to 
the Democratic party and though he had no 
ambition for public office or the activities of 
the political arena, he served with special 
earnestness and efficiency as a member of the 
borough council. 

Mr. Yerstine began his career without finan- 
cial resources or other fortuitous aid and by 
his energy, good judgment and well ordered 
endeavors he acquired a substantial fortune. 
He stood "foursquare to every wind that 
blows" and his name and memory shall be held 
in lasting honor in the county and village that 
long represented his home. He was kindly, 
generous and considerate in all things, made 
his life count for good in its every relation, and 
thus justified his being in an emphatic and 
benignant way. 

Mr. and Mrs. Yerstine became the parents 
of six children : Mary T. is the wife of George 
1-. Sandt, of Brookville; Caroline became the 
wife of Dr. William H. Mahneske, and both 
were residents of Pittsburgh at the time of 
their deaths. Dr. Mahneske having been a 
graduate of Heidelberg University, Germany, 
and a representative physician and surgeon of 
Pittsburgh at the time of his demise; Henry, 
who has charge of his father's estate in De- 
troit, wedded Rebecca Heihold ; Frank L.. of 
Brookville, is mentioned in succeeding para- 
graphs ; Charles E. married Alice Kerstetter 
and lives at Detroit, where he is retired from 
active business ; Malcolm died in Detroit, in 
[913, and his remains rest beside those of his 
father in Brookville. 

Frank L. Yerstine was bom at Brookville. 

on the 29th of January, 1859, and is now the 

only representative of the immediate family of 

his father in this place. He availed himself of 

the advantages of the public schools and as a 



16 



JEFFERSOX COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



youth found employment in his father's saw- 
mill. At the age of twenty-one years he 
entered upon an apprenticeship to the machin- 
ist's trade, in the DuBois Iron Works, at Du- 
Bois, where he remained two years. He then 
returned to Brookville and assumed supervis- 
ion of his father's extensive lumber business, 
and eventually he purchased his father's inter- 
est in the enterprise, which is still carried on 
under the firm name of Yerstine, Klein & 
Company. Most of the firm's timber has now 
been cut and manufactured, so that operations 
are not conducted on so extensive a scale as 
in former years. Mr. Yerstine is president of 
the corporation known as Verstine. Hibbard & 
Company, successful coal operators at Fuller, 
this county. He is treasurer of the Eagle Yal- 
lev Coal Company, which carries on large coal 
mining operations at Ringgold, and he is also 
president of the American Hotel Company, 
which owns the leading hotel at Brookville.. 
Mr. Yerstine has further shown his business 
acumen along divers channels, and it may be 
specially noted that he was one of the pro- 
moters and organizers of the Brookville Title 
& Trust Company and that he has been a mem- 
ber of its directorate from the time of its 
incorporation. 

Mr. Verstine has shown himself a zealous 
champion of progressive movements and enter- 
prises in borough and county and has added 
materially to the distinction of the family 
name. He has never been a seeker of public 
office but is unswerving in his allegiance to the 
Republican party. In the Masonic fraternity 
he is affiliated with Hobah Lodge, Xo. 276, 
F. & A. M., and Jefferson Chapter, Xo. 225, 
K. Y. M.. at Brookville; with Bethany Com- 
manderv, Xo. 83. K. T., at DuBois ; and Jaffa 
Temple' A. A. 6. X. M. S., at Altoona. 

Frank L. Yerstine married Rosa Pearsall, 
daughter of George Pearsall, of Brookv'lle, 
and ^he is a popular leader in the social activi- 
ties of her home community, as well as the 
gracious chatelaine of an attractive home, 
which is known for its generous hospitality 
and good cheer. Mr. and Mrs. Yerstine have 
but one child. Frank P., born on the 6th of 
February, 1898, and who is (in 1916) a student 
in the Kiskiminetas Springs School, at Salts- 
burg. Indiana county. 

WILLIAM BOND. Xo history of Jef- 
ferson county and its people could be con- 
sistent with its purpose if it failed to pay 
definite and significant tribute to the able, 
influential and honored pioneer citizen whose 
life and achievements lent dignity and dis- 



tinction to the county in which he maintained 
his home for fully three fourths of a century 
and in which his name and memory will long 
be revered. 

Mr. Bond was born in Adams county, Pa., 
on the 14th of January, 1823. The family is 
of high lineage and of the English-Irish branch 
of the family of Bonds. The Bond crest is an 
ostrich's head between two branches of palm 
in orle. The inscription in Latin signifies, 
"We give up all the things of this world for 
those of eternity," showing that the family, 
who were members of the Church of England, 
were from time immemorable devout Chris- 
tians. This branch of the family, who came 
from England to Ireland in the later part of 
the seventeenth century, was one of a very 
few sent by the English government to Lon- 
donderry. These colonists occupied a posi- 
tion not only as citizens, but also as soldiers 
or guardsmen to see that no uprising or re- 
bellion should take place. The Bond linen 
mills were located there, hence the name Bond 
linen, which has ever since been used to desig- 
nate a high quality of linen paper. 

lames Bond, father of William Bond, came 
to America with his grandfather, William 
Bond, Sr., in the year 181 1, and was then 
nineteen years of age. William Bond, Sr., had 
been a soldier in the English army. He mar- 
ried Nancy Logan, daughter of General I.ogan. 
lames Bond was a soldier in the war of 1812, 
and later moved to Adams county, where on 
Nov. 4. 1819, he married Mary Osborn, who 
died in 1870 at the age of eighty-two. He was 
the owner of a fine home at Gettysburg and 
twelve head of horses, which he used on the 
stagecoach on the pike between Gettysburg and 
Baltimore. 

William Bond was nine years old when he 
accompanied his parents and his venerable 
grandfather to Jefferson county, in 1832. 
where his father took up a homestead in the 
Beechwoods. The family afterwards moved 
to Pittsburgh, where they remained until he 
was nineteen years of age, when they again 
returned to Beechwoods, where they had built 
a substantial home on the old homestead. 
There his father was justice of the peace and 
legal authority of the community for many 
years. William Bond's sisters were : Eliza- 
beth Jane, wife of William Smith, and Nancy 
R., wife of Hugh McCullough, both marrying 
pioneer residents of the Beechwoods. 

On the 1st of January, 1851, William Bond 
was united in marriage to Miss Elizabeth- 
Cooper, who was bom in Beechwoods. Wash- 
ington township, March 15, 1829, and was the 



..' YORK 

I ;ARY 

ASTOrt, LFNOX 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



17 



daughter of William and Martha Cooper, be- 
longing to another of the sterling Scotch- 
Irish pioneer families of Jefferson county, ref- 
erence to whom will be found elsewhere in this 
volume. She died Oct. 16, 1902, when she was 
seventy-three years of age. She was a woman 
of high and noble qualities and strong Chris- 
tian character, her memory being revered by 
all who came within the compass of her kind 
and gracious influence. She was one of God's 
greatest gifts to the world — a pure and noble 
woman. Mrs. Bond was a high type of the 
mother and friend of the early pioneer days, 
self-sacrificing, chivalric and noble, and her 
memory stands as a living monument to a well 
spent life. From the days of her childhood to 
the end of the last chapter of her earthly 
career hers was the model of an exemplary 
life. As the maternal head of a well known 
family she gained a prominence among the 
women in her section such as is only attain- 
able by those possessing the rare attributes of 
a most ennobling character, and her children 
can look upon her memory as their richest 
heritage. Mrs. Bond was a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. Her funeral was one of 
the largest ever seen in the district, the numer- 
ous assemblages of Beechwoods residents 
being augmented by various friends and rela- 
tives who attended from far and near to pay 
the last tribute of affection and respect to one 
whom they honored and loved, to what extent 
might best be judged by the many expressions 
of sincere sorrow and sympathy manifested. 

During the last seventeen years of his life 
William Bond maintained his residence in 
Brockwayville. Prior to this he lived at his 
beautiful Sugar Hill home for thirty-nine 
years, one of the finest and most valuable 
country homes in Jefferson county, and where 
a goodly portion of his life was passed in agri- 
cultural pursuits, lumbering and real estate 
business. There he and his noble wife edu- 
cated and reared their children to lives of use- 
fulness and honor. A man of unusual intel- 
lect, keen foresight and good judgment, Mr. 
Bond was never so absorbed in his private 
affairs as to neglect the duties of citizenship. 
His career from early boyhood was one of 
thrift and stability, and his energy and inde- 
fatigable industry were examples to be fol- 
lowed by the rising generations. Not many 
names in Jefferson county in his day and gen- 
eration were so well and favorably known as 
that of William Bond. His influence extended 
far beyond the immediate locality where he 
passed the greater portion of his life, and 
possibly no man there was more prominent in 



the making of local history than he. From 
early youth he had been a stanch churchman 
and devout Christian. A natural leader among 
men, he was one to whom all turned for help 
and sympathy. No one approached him for 
assistance and left empty-handed, and his 
genial disposition and sympathy endeared him 
to the wide circle of his acquaintances. He 
was a man among men, one who understood 
from experience the lessons of life from the 
ground floor. He commenced his own career 
at the bottom of the ladder, and fought his 
own battles with life's adversities, and the suc- 
cesses he won were the fruits of his own 
energy and persistence. A typical son of his 
native State, he was one of the best types of 
the world's workers, the genuine salt of the 
earth, and left the scenes of earth to the full 
enjoyment of the promises of the future. His 
later years, after his removal to Brockway- 
ville, were spent in the enjoyment of well 
earned leisure, comfort and luxury, and his 
life at home was one of contentment and peace. 
He attained the patriarchal age of eighty- 
seven, dying March 6, 1910. at that time the 
oldest resident of Brockwayville. Interment 
was made in the beautiful Beechwoods ceme- 
tery, where his venerable grandfather was 
buried in the year 1836 and his father with 
military honors on July 4, 1861, and their 
descendants on down to the sixth generation, 
and where previously had been laid to rest the 
mortal remains of the gracious woman who 
had been the devoted wife and helpmate for 
more than half a century. 

The living children of William and Eliza- 
beth (Cooper) Bond are: William Cooper 
Bond, now of Thomas, W. Va., married 
Rachel Martin, of Pittsburgh ; he was hon- 
ored by the Republican party in Jefferson 
county with the nomination for the State Sen- 
ate, and later received the indorsement for 
Congress ; he has been an extensive lumber- 
man in West Virginia for many years. James 
Logan Bond, of Brockwayville, Pa., married 
Carra E. Lane, who died in 1904, and he later 
married Margaret Martin, of Pittsburgh ; he 
is president of the First National Bank of 
Brockwayville, and is also owner of stock 
farms and other business enterprises. John 
Wray Bond, of DuBois, Pa., married Rose 
Wilson, of Mountain Lake, Aid. ; he has large 
interests in lumbering, farming and real estate. 
Martha Bond Chapin, of Brockwayville, Pa., 
married Alton R. Chapin, who is cashier in 
the First National Bank and is individually 
mentioned on other pages of this volume. 
Samuel C. Bond, of DuBois, Pa., married 



18 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Christine Brown, of Reynoldsville, Pa. ; he 
was president of the First National Bank of 
Brockwayville for many years, and organized 
and is vice president of the DuBois National 
Bank. Ninian Ulysses Bond, of Bond, Ky., 
has been one of the big lumbermen of the 
South for many years, and is now manager 
and largest individual owner in one of the best 
equipped lumber plants in the South. Nancy 
Elizabeth Bond Gray, of DuBois, married 
George R. Gray, who owns the Gray Glass 
Plant at Falls Creek, Pennsylvania. 

JUDGE JOHN W. REED, of Brookville, 
for twenty years Common Pleas judge of the 
Fifty-fourth Judicial district, composed of 
Jefferson county, fulfilled on the bench the 
abundant promise of his career as a practicing 
lawyer. Then, with ripened judgment and 
enriched experience, he resumed practice in 
the fall of 1916, in the field where his earliest 
successes were scored. There are few mem- 
bers of the Pennsylvania judiciary more gen- 
erally known to the profession all over the 
State, and fewer who have so enviable a repu- 
tation for all-around excellence of character 
as well as legal acquirements. Here we have 
a man who measured up to the fullest require- 
ments of his office from the scholastic stand- 
point, and at the same time never failed to 
dispatch his duties with a business-like 
promptness for which he became noted, and 
by reason of which lie was often called to pre- 
side in courts outside of his own district when 
pressure of work made such assistance neces- 
sary. The Judge has long been a citizen of 
Brookville. Jefferson county, but he is a native 
of the adjoining county of Clarion, born at 
Clarion May 13, 1853. He is of Scotch-Irish 
extraction, and the early members of the fam- 
ily in this country, where it has been estab- 
lished for several generations, were so far as 
he knows settled largely in Cumberland 
county. Pennsylvania. 

Cumberland county was formed in Janu- 
ary, 1750. and the Reed name is among the 
earliest entries on its records. The Reeds 
were evidently there before the county was 
organized. In 1754 Tyrone township (now in 
Perry county) was created, and in 1763 that 
township was divided, the western division 
being named Toboyne. It is there that the 
Tudge finds, as early as 1767, his maternal 
ancestor. Joseph McClintock. and in 1772 his 
paternal ancestor, John Reed. The latter died 
in 1799, and Judge Reed has a copy of his 
will, which was made Aug. 13, 1799. and 
probated Dec. 20. 1799. It was sent to the 



Judge by Jeremiah Zeamer, of Carlisle, as 
well as an interesting letter. In this will, 
among other items, he makes the following 
bequest: "I do bequeath to my son Robert 
one dollar and a black yearling colt ; and to 
my son Robert's son John I do will and be- 
queath 15 pounds, when he is seven years of 
age, and all that tract of land which I am now 
possessed of, adjoining lands of John and 
Robert McKee, Samuel Reed and others, in 
the township aforesaid (Toboyne), containing 
75 acres be the same more or less, all which I 
do bequeath to him, his heirs and assigns for- 
ever, provided always that if the last men- 
tioned John Reed should die before he arrives 
at the age of twenty-one years, then I do allow 
all legacies mentioned to him to descend to 
the other children of my son Robert that now 
are or shall be in existence at my decease. I 
do allow that the profits of the aforesaid real 
estate shall go to my son David until the 
aforesaid legatee arrives to the age of ten 
years." 

Robert Reed, afterwards known as Colonel 
Reed, son of the above-named John Reed, 
was born about 1771 and died in 1849. He 
was the Judge's great-grandfather. On 
March 1, 1792, he was married, in the Presby- 
terian Church of Carlisle, Cumberland Co., 
Pa., by Rev. Dr. Davidson, to Rachel McClin- 
tock, daughter of Hugh McClintock and 
granddaughter of Joseph McClintock. Mr. 
and Mrs. Reed moved to Butler county. Pa., 
in the year 1797. 

Joseph McClintock died in 1799. His son, 
Hugh McClintock, of Toboyne township, died 
it is thought in 1807. On Feb. 15, 1814, there 
was presented in the Orphans' court of Cum- 
berland county a petition setting forth that 
this Hugh McClintock had died intestate, 
leaving to survive him a widow Ann, and the 
following children : Hamilton, Frank, Rachel 
(married Robert Reed), Jane (married Fred- 
erick Peale), Mary (married Robert Purdy), 
Robert, Hugh, James, Ann ( married Andrew 
Fleming), Isabella and John. 

John Reed, son of Col. Robert ami Rachel 
(McClintock) Reed, was born April 5. 1797, 
and died June 23, 1855. He was proprietor 
of a hotel at Clarion, and died in Clarion 
county. He had seven children : James \\\, 
born Nov. 7, 1819. died Oct. 12, 1820; Har- 
riet, born Feb. 10, 1822, died unmarried Nov. 
2~, 1841 ; Lovira. born Jan. 10. 1824. married 
and left children, dying Sept. 11, 1855: John, 
born Feb. 8, 1826, was the Judge's father: 
Caroline, born Feb. 28. 1828. married and left 
children, dying in 1909: Rachel, born June 13, 






JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



19 



1831, died July 15, 1835; Sally Ann, born 
June 26, 1834, died June 24, 1840. 

John Reed, father of John W. Reed, was 
born Feb. 8, 1826, in Butler county, Pa., was 
reared there, and learned the trade of machin- 
ist, which he followed until his enlistment at 
Clarion in the Union army in the fall of 
1861. He became a member of Company F, 
63d Regiment. Pennsylvania Volunteers, and 
died after the battle of Fair Oaks, of typhoid 
fever, June 24, 1862. On Aug. 16, 1849, ne 
was married at Clarion, Pa., to Rachel A. 
Everhart, who was born March 1, 1832. in 
Centre county, Pa. Both her parents died in 
her early childhood, her father being killed 
in a mill when she was quite young. Mr. and 
Mrs. Reed had three children, all born at 
Clarion: Clara A., born in October. 1850, is 
now the widow of Warren Whitehill, an oil 
man, of Allegheny county. Pa., and resides 
with one of her daughters near Pittsburgh, 
Pa.; Mr. and Mrs. Whitehill had three chil- 
dren, one son and two daughters, all living 
and all married. John \Y. was the eldest son 
of his parents. The younger son, Ernest \\ '., 
born in April, 1859, is married and living with 
his family in Clarion, Pa., where he is a suc- 
cessful dentist; he has a wife and four chil- 
dren, three daughters and one son. Mrs. 
Rachel A. (Everhart) Reed lived and died at 
Clarion, passing away July 22, 1910. 

John W. Reed began his education in the 
public schools of Clarion, and later took an 
academic course at the Carrier Seminary 
there. During his early manhood he taught 
public school in the county for a few years, 
meantime taking up the study of law. and he 
completed his legal preparation in the office 
of Hon. James Campbell, of Clarion, being 
admitted to the bar Aug. 23. 1875. Beginning 
practice in Brookville, the same year, he re- 
mained there until the fall of 1877, when he 
returned to Clarion, where after a year's prac- 
tice on his own account he went into the office 
of Wilson and Jenks, on a salary. This con- 
nection lasted for several years, until A la v. 
1883. when he moved with his family to 
Grand Forks, Dakota, at which place he en- 
gaged in the practice of law with two of his 
wife's brothers. During that period the firm 
of Wilson and Jenks made him some very 
flattering offers to return, and in May, 1884, 
he did so, becoming a partner in the new firm 
of Wilson, Jenks and Reed. When Mr. Wil- 
son in 1886 was elected judge of the several 
courts of Clarion county, the firm was reduced 
to Jenks and Reed, and Mr. Jenks being ap- 
pointed solicitor general of the United States 



shortly afterwards. Mr. Reed formed another 
connection, with Judge Wilson's son Harry 
R. Wilson, who had just been admitted to the 
bar. They practiced under the name of Reed 
and Wilson, and were associated until April, 
1895, the date of Judge Reed's removal to 
Brookville, which has since been his home. 
While a resident of Clarion county, when it 
formed part of the same Judicial district as 
Jefferson county, he was a candidate for the 
Common F'leas judgeship, being defeated by 
Judge Clark. Shortly after settling at Brook- 
ville he became a candidate for judge of the 
newly created Fifty-fourth Judicial district, 
composed of Jefferson county, being nomi- 
nated on the Republican ticket June 17, 1895, 
cm which day Gov. Daniel H. Hastings ap- 
pointed him judge of the new district, so that 
he began his labors with its establishment. 
In the fall of 1895 he was elected for a term 
of ten years, assuming his duties on the first 
Monday in January, 1896, and in the fall of 
1905 he was re-elected for another ten-year 
term. He was again a candidate in the fall 
of 191 5. but met defeat in the clash of opinion 
regarding judicial and legislative responsi- 
bility in the no-license question. In 1914, 
after the death of Judge Beaver, he was a 
popular choice for the vacancy 011 the Supe- 
rior court bench, and though not appointed 
had the satisfaction of receiving a large num- 
ber of flattering indorsements, sent to Gov- 
ernor Tener from all over the State, and from 
sources so varied, regardless of class or poli- 
tics, that they proved an index to the senti- 
ment prevailing among the profession con- 
cerning his work. His appointment was 
recommended heartily by members of the 
bench and bar in every section of the State 
and every branch of the judiciary, and ex- 
pressed the respect of his professional asso- 
ciates in an unusual degree. Justice John I'. 
Elkin, of the State Supreme court, and Judge 
Joseph Buffington. of the United States Cir- 
cuit court, were among those who volunteered 
most laudatory comments on his fitness. 
Upon his candidacy for the third term in the 
fall of 191 5. a "non-partisan committee" com- 
posed of leading representatives of the Re- 
publican, Democratic. Washing-ton and Social- 
ist parties in Brookville issued a pamphlet set- 
ting forth his claims to the support of his 
fellow citizens. It was addressed "To the 
Electorate of Jefferson County,'' and we 
quote from the introductory remarks : "Be- 
lieving that the interests of Jefferson County, 
at home and abroad, will be best served and 
promoted by the reelection of Judge John W. 



20 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Reed to the Common Pleas Bench of the 
county, we herewith present his past record 
as a man and judge for the careful considera- 
tion of the voters of the county. . . . The 
man who, humanly speaking, comes nearer 
exercising omnipotent power than any other 
man in our form of government should be a 
kindly-hearted, level-headed man who will 
exercise that power sparingly and who has a 
vision of human affairs sufficiently broad to 
enable him to intelligently and justly solve the 
difficult and intricate problems of life in their 
relation to the laws of the land, when submit- 
ted for judicial determination. Without in- 
tending to disparage the claims of any other 
candidate for this highly important and all 
powerful official position, we confidently pre- 
sent for your consideration the name of Judge 
Reed as one who possesses in a preeminent 
degree all the qualities of heart and mind that 
go to make a great and upright judge." 

Some account of the career at the bar and 
on the bench which brought him this reputa- 
tion will be of interest. The earlier years of 
his practice were sufficiently varied to give 
him unusual experience, and he was foremost 
among the men of his age in his own section. 
Though successful in almost every depart- 
ment he won particular renown in criminal 
practice. It is said that during the last ten 
years of his practice he was counsel in some 
fifteen homicide cases in Clarion and adjoin- 
ing counties. Certain it is that "He was in 
almost every important criminal and civil case 
of a very busy and important period in the 
history of the Clarion County Oil Regions, 
then the center of the petroleum industry from 
1877 on. He was a trial lawyer of exceptional 
power and ability. On going to Tefferson 
county he got in touch with that other great 
Pennsylvania product — coal, and both as a 
lawyer and a judge has therefore had a most 
varied experience in these two prominent and 
most important Western Pennsylvania prod- 
ucts. In his earlier days at the bar timber was 
yet a very important factor in Western Penn- 
sylvania counties, and ejectment cases which 
tried the mettle of the old-time lawyers came 
to his share of the practice. Consequently 
you may readily see that he was. and is. espe- 
cially qualified to deal with the industrial con- 
ditions of the western part of the State." The 
familiarity thus gained with industrial condi- 
tions in the State proved of Great value in his 
experience on the bench, enabling him to de- 
cide unerringly many ouestions which came 
up in the courts in his long service as judge. 
Appeals from his decisions were rare, the 



number being less than sixty in all his twenty 
years as judge, and there were very few re- 
versals of his opinions — only one reversal in 
thirty appeals taken to the highest Appellate 
court in the State. "It is confidently asserted 
that no judge in the State has a record in the 
Appellate courts exceeding that of Judge 
Reed. He has held court in more than one 
third of the counties of the State, and in the 
appeals taken from his decisions in these 
various counties he has maintained the same 
high record, both in the number of the appeals 
and in the affirmation of his decisions that he 
has in his home county." 

Judge Reed had not been long on the bench 
when it became apparent that he had a gift 
for expeditious handling of court business. 
He kept his docket clear in spite of the fact 
that he was careful about the details of every 
case that came before him. But his compre- 
hension was so broad that he was not con- 
fused by them, and the celerity with which he 
disposed of all trials interfered in no way with 
the dignity of their conduct. But it did estab- 
lish a precedent of economical administration 
which will long remain a standard for those 
who appreciate what such methods save the 
citizens in taxes and litigants in legal ex- 
penses. With all this Judge Reed was never 
hasty or inconsiderate. His patience was 
proverbial and he was sympathetic, kindly and 
helpful towards all who came before him, 
whether as lawyers or litigants. His high 
ideals and strict methods became reflected in 
all the departments affiliated with his, his in- 
fluence showing itself in many channels. 

That Judge Reed's qualities were appre- 
ciated by his brother judges is evidenced by 
his being called upon to assist in many other 
parts of the State. He presided very often in 
Allegheny county — as often as his other en- 
gagements would permit, and his valuable aid 
was sought and appreciated in disposing of 
the great volume of criminal business of that 
county. "The Bench and Bar everywhere 
Judge Reed has held court join in commend- 
ing his judicial services as being of the high- 
est order." The DuBois Evening Journal of 
April 22, 11)15. had an article which deserves 
quoting here, in part at least : "Judge Reed 
is one of the really big jurists of Pennsyl- 
vania, a man of brilliant professional at- 
tainments and who possesses the judicial 
temperament in a high degree. His vast store 
of experience, his demonstrated integrity, his 
fearlessness of public clamor as affecting the 
discharge of public duty and his wonderful 
ability combine *o place him in the front rank 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



21 



of men now conspicuous in public life. Nor 
are his talents hidden beneath the bushel of 
Jefferson territorial lines. They are well 
known throughout the counties of Pennsyl- 
vania and have been recognized and confirmed 
time and again by the Appellate courts of this 
Commonwealth. . . . This man is no ex- 
periment, no unknown equation. The people 
have experienced twenty years of his economy 
and efficiency in office, they have observed his 
careful administration of a public trust ; with 
the passing of the years, they have seen him 
ripen into an honored neighbor, a sympathetic 
friend, a distinguished citizen. Constantly a 
part of the environment in which he lived, the 
affairs of the people have been his affairs. He 
has labored energetically and effectively to 
solve the various problems that have con- 
fronted him and his people. . . . Penn- 
sylvania needs more men like John W. Reed. 
Your administration, Mr. Reed, has been a 
triumph to you personally, a satisfaction to the 
people, a high tribute to our form of popular 
government, a bulwark to the rights of the citi- 
zen and a forum wherein Justice has been tem- 
pered with Mercy." 

An incident of Judge Reed's life on the 
bench, about the middle of his second term, is 
characteristic of his experience : While hold- 
ing court in Philadelphia, upon the request of 
President Judge Bregy of Common Pleas court 
No. i, on going to his chambers one morning 
he found Judge Bregy and Chief Justice Fell 
of the Supreme court there. The former said, 
"The Chief Justice wanted to call on you and 
I came with him. What do you think he has 
been saying? He says you are one of the best 
Common Pleas judges in the State." The 
Chief Justice remarked that he had not seen 
Judge Reed since the latter went on the bench, 
but that they kept track of the judges by their 
work. 

Mr. Reed's record as a judge is typical of 
his whole life. Undoubtedly the rigorous con- 
ditions of his early years were good training 
for the calls of his mature life. At any rate, 
he has not been found wanting in any of the 
trusts reposed in him. While residing at 
Clarion he served as burgess, and was also a 
trustee of the State Normal School at that 
place, and a director of the public schools. He 
is an incorporator of the Dickinson Law 
School at Carlisle, a member of the American 
Bar Association, also a member of the Penn- 
sylvania Bar Association, and is a member of 
its general committee on legal education of the 
State, whose object is to have a universal cur- 
riculum of study for admission to the bar. He 



belongs to the Masonic fraternity, affiliating 
with Hobah Lodge, No. 276, F. & A. M., and 
Jefferson Royal Arch Chapter, No. 225, 
Brookville, Pa.; belongs to Brookville Lodge, 
Xo. 217, I. O. O. F. ; and Brookville Lodge, 
Xo. 477, K. P. He is also a member of the 
"Americus Republican Club" of Pittsburgh, 
I 'ennsylvania. 

On June [6, 1880, Mr. Reed was married to 
Myrta Corbet, who was born Oct. 3, 1857, 
daughter of Col. W. W. Corbet, of Brookville, 
Pa., and they have one child, a daughter Eliza- 
beth, born July 24, 1881, who in June, 1907, 
became the wife of William S. Eyster, of 
Pittsburgh, Pa. Mr. and Mrs. Eyster are now 
living in Brookville. Mr. and Mrs. Reed and 
Mr. and Mrs. Eyster are members of the Pres- 
byterian Church. Judge Reed was elected a 
ruling elder in the Presbyterian Church of 
Brookville in 1897, and for many years before 
and thereafter was a teacher in the Sunday 
school. 

RICHARD M. MATSON, of Brookville, 
has filled a place of conspicuous worth in the 
development of that borough along several 
lines of the utmost importance in determining 
its progress. In his early life he followed the 
legal profession, but he had been carrying on 
business interests at the same time and eventu- 
ally turned all his attention to the latter. His 
success in a number of the most ambitious un- 
dertakings projected in this part of the State 
as well as in other sections shows that his 
choice was wise. The operations in which he 
has engaged have been useful in steadying the 
course of business throughout the region, 
where he is looked up to as a man of reliable 
policies and unassailable business ethics. His 
influence in civic affairs has also been notable. 

The Matson family has been established at 
Brookville for over a century. It is of Irish 
origin, John Matson. the grandfather of Rich- 
ard M. Matson, having been born in Ireland, 
whence he came to this country in early boy- 
hood. For a time he lived in Philadelphia, and 
later in Westmoreland and Indiana counties be- 
fore settling in Jefferson county. He followed 
farming near the present town of Indiana, in 
Indiana county. About 1804 he located in 
Jefferson county, in Rose township, a mile or 
so from Brookville, purchasing a farm and de- 
voting himself to agriculture and lumbering, 
in the latter line being the pioneer in the 
locality. lie built the first saw and grist mill 
in the section. His farm is now owned by a 
grandson, Charles Matson. John Matson mar- 
ried Mary Thompson, like himself a native of 



22 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Ireland, born in Londonderry. She lived to 
the age of ninety years, while Air. Matson 
attained the age of ninety-four, his death oc- 
curring in 1868, and he was the first to be 
interred in the Brookville cemetery. Mr. and 
.Mrs. John Matson had a large family, viz.: 
Isabella, Mrs. Ferguson; Rebecca, Mrs. l'>en- 
jamin Bennett; Jane, who died unmarried; 
James, deceased ; Uriah, deceased ; John, de- 
ceased ; Robert, deceased ; Harrison, deceased ; 
William, who went to California in 1850; and 
Alary Ann, who married Harry Clover. 

Uriah .Matson, son of John and Mary 
(Thompson) Matson, was born at Brookville 
and spent his entire life there, engaged in mer- 
chandising and lumbering. He was one of the 
early merchants at that place, where the Mat- 
sons have been so occupied for the last eighty 
vears, and he had farm property in addition 
to extensive lumber holdings, being one of the 
most prosperous men of his generation in Jef- 
ferson county. His death occurred in July. 
1895. He married Minerva Reynolds, who 
was born in Armstrong county, Pa., daughter 
of Richard Reynolds, and died in 1847, when 
but twenty years old. Richard M. was the 
only child of this union. 

Richard M. Matson was bom in 1845 at 
Brookville, Jefferson county. As he was but 
two years old when his mother died he went 
to live with his grandparents on the old Mat- 
son homestead, where he remained up to the 
age of fifteen, meantime receiving excellent 
educational advantages. After completing the 
course in the Brookville schools he attended 
Beaver Academy for one year, and then began 
his business training as clerk in his father's 
store, where he gained the practical experience 
upon which his success has been securely estab- 
lished. In his youth he also devoted himself 
earnestly to the study of law, to such good pur- 
pose that he was admitted to the bar in 1866, 
the year he attained his majority,' and he gave 
considerable time to the practice of law until 
1884, meeting with gratifying success in that 
line. He had the confidence of the community 
to such an extent even then that he was a can- 
didate for the office of district attorney in the 
year 1867, and was defeated by only a small 
majority. His business interests having at- 
tained such proportions that they needed more 
attention he gave up the law in 1884, and has 
since been occupied with commercial affairs of 
various kinds. In 1884 he bought an interest 
in a lumber establishment in Forest county. 
Pa., and during the four and a half years fol- 
lowing spent practically all his time in the 
woods there, acquiring a familiarity with the 



: : 



business which has been of great value to him 
in his subsequent operations. Returning to 
Brookville at- the end of that time he took 
charge of his father's business there, and has 
since had valuable mercantile and lumbering 
interests there. In 1891, associated with his 
sons, he established a brickyard at Falls Creek, 
this county, under the firm name of R. M. 
Matson, Sons & Co. His son Uriah J. Matson 
had charge of that plant for a number of years, 
until it was sold out in 191 2. The capacity 
was forty thousand brick daily, and employ- 
ment was given to about thirty men. The 
product included drain tile, water table, win- 
dow caps, hollow building brick, and various 
other useful articles. 

In August, 1894, the lumber firm of 
Heidrick, Matson & Co. was organized to pur- 
chase and exploit the Litch lands in Jefferso 
county, for which they paid $135,000. Their 
development was begun immediately, the mill 
and stream being changed to meet the require- 
ments of modern lumbering, and $12,000 was 
laid out in the construction of a railroad to 
connect the mill and yards with the main line 
of the Allegheny Valley road. Up-to-date 
machinery was installed in the mill and its 
capacity brought up to 100,000 feet daily, mak- 
ing it one of the best plants of the kind in west- 
ern Pennsylvania. In the winter of 1895 the 
company extended its operations, taking a con- 
tract from Truman, Henderson & Co., owners 
of a large tract of lumber in Polk township, 
this county, to saw and deliver on the tracks 
of the Allegheny Valley road at Brookville all 
the lumber on their lands, estimated at from 
sixty million to seventy million feet. To carry 
out this contract it was necessary to lay four- 
teen miles of railroad, which was built and 
equipped in the summer of 1896 at a cost of 
over $100,000. The firm made a number of 
smaller purchases of timber besides the origi- 
nal investment, in order to provide work for 
the mill, and continued to do a heavy business 
for several years. However, they sold their 
local interests in 1898, but Mr. Heidrick and 
Mr. Matson have been associated in a number 
of big enterprises of a similar nature since. In 
1809 they engaged in the lumber business at 
Westboro, Taylor Co., Wis., and about the 
same time organized the Leather Wood Lum- 
ber Company, in West Virginia, which is still 
in operation. In 1907 they organized and pur- 
chased the Black Warrior Lumber Company 
at Demopolis, Ala., which has also been in 
continuous operation to the present, Mr. Mat- 
son having responsible executive duties in con- 
nection with all. as president for many years 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



23 



of the Leather Wood Company and as vice 
president of the other two companies. Home 
concerns have also had his encouragement and 
substantial support. In 1903 he was one of 
the organizers of the Brookville Title & Trust 
Company, of which he was the first president, 
filling the office about eight years, until he 
resigned ; he did not withdraw from participa- 
tion in the conduct of the bank, however, for 
he has been a director since, and is chairman of 
the board. 

With all his private interests, it is char- 
acteristic of Mr. Matson that he has found 
time for public affairs also, especially when 
there were interests involved affecting the well 
being of his home community. He served in 
the Brookville council when the paving, sewage 
and lighting systems were being introduced, 
and used his influence in protecting the best 
interests of the citizens. All the other posi- 
tions of a public nature he has filled have been 
administered with the same regard for his 
Obligations to his townsmen. In 1914 he was 
a candidate for the position of Congressman 
from the 27th Pennsylvania district, compris- 
ing the counties of Armstrong, Clarion, Indi- 
ana and Jefferson, and though defeated by a 
small vote had the satisfaction of carrying his 
home county, the first time in forty years that 
a Democrat succeeded in doing so ; further- 
more, he carried Polk township, being the first 
Democrat who ever polled a winning vote 
there. The results were a flattering comment 
on his standing among those who know him 
best. The Democratic party has always re- 
ceived his hearty support, and he has been a 
warm admirer of William Jennings Bryan, for 
whom he stumped the State in 1896, and he 
was a delegate to the National convention of 
the party held in 1908 at Denver, when Bryan 
received the presidential nomination. Mr. 
Matson's religious connection is with the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

In 1866 Mr. Matson was married to Elsie 
Busby, daughter of John Busby, and three sons 
were born to them : Uriah J., formerly of Falls 
Creek, where he was manager of the brick 
plant, is now living at Ithaca, N. Y. ; in 1893 
he married Mary E. Thompson. George R., 
of I'.rookville, formerly a merchant, now a con- 
tractor, builder and lumberman, married 
Bonnie McKnight, daughter of Dr. W. J. Mc- 
Knight. Norman D.. present postmaster at 
Brookville, formerly a member of the mercan- 
tile firm of Matson Brothers, now also engaged 
in contracting, building and lumbering, married 
Dora DeMotte. The sons are capable business 
men, following the worthy example of their 



father. Mrs. Matson died in August, 1908, and 
Mr. Matson subsequently married Gertrude 
Haines, daughter of Eli Haines, of Pinecreek, 
Jefferson county. 

IRA C. FULLER, late of Brookville, was 
one of the strongest characters that borough 
has known among her prominent citizens. His 
influence was always for progress. In fact, 
some of his most important activities showed 
him to be a real leader in the development of 
mechanical and business facilities. It is aston- 
ishing to contemplate the extent of his intel- 
lectual attainments, which alone would have 
placed him among the men whose reputation 
added prestige to the town where he chose to 
make his home. The Brookville Republican of 
Thursday June 5, 1913, a few days after Mr. 
Fuller's death, contained the following sketch 
of his life written by Mr. Alfred Truman, a 
close friend for many years : 

"Ira C. Fuller was born in Winslow town- 
ship, near Reynoldsville, Jan. 20, 1828, the son 
of John and Rebecca Fuller, they being the 
first settlers in the then wilderness, and of 
whose adventures in that once dense forest so 
much has been spoken and written. Although 
born where the red man had scarcely ceased to 
roam, and wild beasts in all the glory of 
primeval solitude reigned supreme ; where the 
only means to learn to lisp the letters of the 
alphabet was in a crude log schoolhouse, yet, in 
after years, through reading, observation, ex- 
tensive travel, all aided by a versatile brain, he 
became scholastic in bearing and a man of 
world-wide conception and information. In- 
clined to regard the world as his country he 
was free to speak without prejudice of all races 
and all creeds. As a man of the business 
world he was one of practical attainments, 
while in the region of religion his whole 
thought carried him to the loftiest heights of 
metaphysical research. In the course of his 
studies on the philosophy of the laws of mind 
over that of matter he produced four books, 
all pertaining, more or less, to the spirit world, 
namely : 1 . Romance of Jude ; 2. Romance of 
the East ; 3. Poems and Essays ; 4. Tutelary 
Gods and Ancient Spirits. His labors on meta- 
physical investigation largely comprised his 
work in after life, serving to keep his mind 
active and afford him solace throughout his 
declining years. 

"Mr. Fuller's business career was varied in 
the extreme, the writer failing to recall another 
in any sense its equal in comparison. Leaving 
his father at an early age, whom he had as- 
sisted in land clearing and farming, his first 



24 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



work was that of log-cutting and other employ- 
ment in connection with the most primitive 
methods of lumbering. The earliest business 
venture into which he entered, and that which 
first brought him into public notice, was in the 
profession of photography, an art in which he 
quickly excelled and so successfully conducted 
financially that from its humble beginning was 
laid the foundation for his fortune ; for at the 
close of his career as a photographer, Mr. Ful- 
ler next launched into the great oil fields, and 
quickly became one of the prominent oil pro- 
ducers when that most wonderful industry was 
in its earliest stages of development. About 
this time he traveled extensively in foreign 
lands and throughout the United States, and 
after much adventure he again located in 
Brookville, where he established himself in the 
banking business, and later in the flour milling 
industry. He was the first to introduce into 
this section of country the roller process sys- 
tem of making flour. He built and was the 
sole owner of the mill still in operation in that 
part of Brookville known as Longview. into 
which he installed the roller process system 
and all other machinery of modern invention. 
All this, however, is but a brief sketch of the 
life and career of Mr. Fuller, no mention hav- 
ing been made of his mining and some other 
ventures and adventures. In fact the inter- 
esting and important features of his life would 
fill a volume. His physical activities continued 
until having reached the age of eighty, and in 
his eight v-fifth year, although afflicted with the 
infirmities of age, his mental faculties remained 
unimpaired, he still showing a keen interest in 
conversation with friends on all subjects con- 
cerning world matters as the same may relate- 
to the welfare of man." 

Mr. Fuller died June 2. IQ13, aged eighty- 
five years, after two vears' illness, during 
which he showed wonderful vitality and re- 
tained his mental faculties fully. He was 
buried in the Brookville cemetery. Besides his 
immediate family he was survived by one 
sister, Mrs. Rebecca Stevenson. 

Mr. Fuller was twice married, his first wife 
having been Ann Ellen Fryer, by whom he had 
three children, two sons and one daughter: 
Samuel J., who lives in the West: Ira Joseph, 
of Texas: and Mrs. A. A. Adams, of Los 
Angeles. Cal. To his second marriage, with 
Lottie W. Steinbrook. was born one child. 
Marcus P.. now a resident of Fellows. 
California. 

Mrs. Lottie \Y. Fuller is of German descent, 
her grandfather. John Steinbrook, having been 
born in Germany. When he came to America 



he settled at Meadville, Crawford Co., Pa., 
where he followed farming and died. His son, 
George Frederick Steinbrook, father of Mrs. 
Fuller, was born at Meadville, and followed 
farming there for a time. Then he went to 
Lee county, 111., where he spent the rest of his 
life farming, and where he died at the age of 
ninety-six years. His wife, Agnes Bell 
(Hulings), a daughter of Marcus and Sarah 
Elizabeth (Myers) Hulings, died in Illinois 
when ninety-two years old. They had twelve 
children, of whom eight are living at this writ- 
ing: Mrs. Almeda Green, Marcus H., Sarah 
F. (Mrs. William Yandeventer), Charlotte 
Woods ( widow of Ira C. Fuller, residing in 
Brookville), William Bates, Oscar D., James 
O. and Lewis Frederick. 

HARVEY G. BOWERS, of Punxsutaw- 
ney, is one of the conspicuously successful 
coal and lumber operators of Jefferson county. 
He is influentially connected with several local 
coal companies, has valuable timber properties 
in Jefferson and surrounding counties, coal, 
timber and real estate interests in West Vir- 
ginia and Kentucky, and is an official of one 
of the leading financial institutions of his 
home county. Even a cursory review of his 
associations would have to convey some idea 
of his busy life, and of the amazing familiarity 
with detail necessary to handle all its enter- 
prises properly. That he has proved equal to 
every demand made upon him in this respect 
betokens versatility and executive ability in 
an uncommon degree, combined with in- 
dustrious habits and application which alone 
would be deserving of a large reward. Mr. 
Bowers had to begin business life on his own 
responsibility, but subsequent developments 
have shown him fully capable, and if he did 
not have influence and means to start with, 
he had a store of talent and energy which 
needed only opportunity to make them pro- 
ductive. 

The I lowers family has been known in and 
about Punxsutawney for three generations, 
and for high character and substantial citizen- 
ship has ranked second to none. Andrew 
Bowers, the grandfather of Harvey G. 
Bowers, came to this region early in the nine- 
teenth century. He was born at Harrison- 
burg, Ya.. about 1800. and w r as a youth when 
he and his three brothers. John, Philip and 
William, decided to come to Pennsylvania, 
settling in the western end of the State. He 
first located at what is now the town of Clear- 
field, in 1818, but did not remain there long, 
making a permanent settlement within a short 







\4^ 



LI 






JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



25 



time in Gaskill township, Jefferson county. 
Here he purchased a tract of land upon which 
he established his home, clearing his property 
and following agriculture and lumbering 
throughout his active years. He got out con- 
siderable square timber. Game was plentiful 
in this region then, and Mr. Bowers acquired 
more than a local reputation as a hunter, kill- 
ing many panthers, bear and other wild ani- 
mals with his flintlock gun. He remained on 
his farm until his death, which occurred in 
1884, and he is buried in Mount Pleasant 
cemetery in Gaskill township. In Clearfield, 
Pa., he married Susan Zinn, who was born at 
Bellefonte, Center Co., Pa., and they had the 
following children: Jacob K., Cinderella, 
Catherine, Jane and James. 

Jacob K. Bowers, father of Harvey G. 
Bowers, was bom July 11, 1829, on the home- 
stead place in Gaskill township, Jefferson 
county, and acquired sturdy self-reliance un- 
der the trying conditions of his early years in 
a primitive country. Like his father he be- 
came a farmer and lumberman, and he was 
also a noted hunter in his day; he killed the 
last wolf slain in Gaskill township. The home- 
stead property came into his possession, and 
there he always made his home, his widow 
still occupying that place. Mr. Bowers mar- 
ried Ellen Rhoads, daughter of George 
Rhoads, and she is now (1916) seventy-four 
years of age. His death occurred Jan. 15, 
1906, and he is buried in the Circle cemetery 
at Punxsutawney. He was a member of the 
Protestant Methodist Church and active in its 
work. Eight children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Jacob K. Bowers : Anna M. married 
Tacob Spraw ; Harvey G. is mentioned below ; 
. Sarah A. is the wife of J. W. Smith ; Martha 
married Milton E. Cessna, who is a lumber- 
man of Plumville, Pa. ; Levi E. is a resident 
of Punxsutawney, Jefferson county ; William 
A. is mentioned elsewhere in this work ; Lucy 
E. married' Mead Sutter, and they live with 
her mother on the old homestead in Gaskill 
township; Catherine died in infancy. 

Harvey G. Bowers was born Nov. 20, 1864, 
in Gaskill township, Jefferson county, and 
grew to maturity on the home farm, meantime 
obtaining a good education in the local public 
schools. He also had one term at a select 
school. When but eighteen years old he com- 
menced lumbering on his own account in his 
native township, he and William Kessler con- 
ducting operations together under the firm 
name of Bowers & Kessler. The association 
lasted for a period of seven years, following 
which Mr. Bowers lumbered by himself for a 



time. When twenty-two years old he left 
the home place, and from that time on gave 
all his attention to lumbering, his energies 
previously having been divided between his 
own pursuits and service on the paternal farm. 
To cite all the changes he has made, and the 
story of his acquisitions in detail, would make 
a long story. But the extent of his present 
holdings is some measure of his ambitious 
career. He is vice president and a director of 
the North Fork Lumber Company of Boyer, 
W. Va. ; is connected with the Thorny Creek 
Lumber Company of West Virginia ; treas- 
urer of the Continual Realty Company of 
Kentucky, which owns about thirty thousand 
acres of land in that State ; and in partnership 
with his brother William A. Bowers has pri- 
vate lumber interests in Jefferson and adjoin- 
ing counties. He has also acquired extensive 
interests in coal lands, being president of the 
Banks Coal Company, miners and shippers of 
bituminous coal, whose mines are at Sidney, 
Indiana Co., Pa., on the Bellwood division of 
the Pennsylvania railroad ; president of the 
Hamilton Coal Company ; president of the 
Burtner Coal Company, miners and shippers 
of bituminous coal, whose mines are on the 
line of the Pennsylvania railroad (Buffalo, 
Rochester & Pittsburgh division) ; treasurer 
of the Bowersville Coal Company, miners and 
shippers of bituminous coal, whose mines are 
at Bowersville, Jefferson county, on the Bell- 
wood division of the Pennsylvania road ; and 
is a manufacturer of and wholesale dealer in 
lumber. Mr. Bowers was one of the organ- 
izers of the Punxsutawney National Bank, 
and served as one of the directors of that in- 
stitution for nine years, until he resigned and 
established his connection with the Farmers' 
& Miners' Trust Company of Punxsutawney, 
in 1910. becoming a director of the latter. 
One year later he was made vice president, 
and is still serving in that capacity. He was 
also one of the organizers of the Plumville 
(Pa.) National Bank, and is still serving on 
its board of directors. All of his transactions 
have been of the most creditable character, 
gaining him the confidence and respect of 
his associates for personal integrity as well as 
business acumen. He is one of the foremost 
citizens of Punxsutawney, where he has made 
his home since 1892, and for six years served 
the borough in the public capacity of school 
director, though he has had no ambitions for 
office from selfish motives. His social con- 
nections are with the B. P. O. Elks, the Coun- 
try Club and the Punxsutawney Club, and he 
is a past president of the last named. Mr. 



26 



JEFFERSOX COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Bowers maintains an office in the Weber build- 
ing on Mahoning street, Punxsutawney, with 
a branch office in the Finance building, Phila- 
delphia. His operations have been an appre- 
ciable part of the coal and lumber industries in 
his section of the State and elsewhere, and the 
influence of his methods has been wholesome 
in its effect on general business conditions as 
well as in his particular field. 

On July i, 1886, Air. Bowers married Lilly 
May Cessna, daughter of John Cessna, of 
Smithport, Indiana Co., Pa. They have had 
three children : Ioris Ray. who is now asso- 
ciated with his father in the coal and lumber 
business; Frank \\\, who died in 1894, when 
two years old; and Paul C, who is attending 
school. Air. Bowers is a Methodist in relig- 
ious connection. 

NORMAN B. LANE continued in his busy 
career the traditions of a name of the most 
honorable associations in Jefferson county. 1 lc 
came to this section of Pennsylvania in the 
early fifties, and few of the early settlers had 
a more important part in the shaping of its 
history. He was not a man of selfish personal 
ambitions. Though he profited by his parti- 
cipation in the development of the region he 
never exploited his fellow citizens in any way, 
in all his relations with them exhibiting a 
degree of interest in their true welfare, and a 
sincere desire to be more than fair in all his 
dealings, which won their complete confidence 
and a measure of esteem most gratifying to 
Air. Lane, who was keenly appreciative of the 
goodwill of his associates. For many years 
the settlement of Lane's Alills was the center 
of an industrious and prosperous community, 
many of whose inhabitants found remunera- 
tive employment in the lumbering and milling 
operations of the founder, and some of the 
enterprises he managed so capably for years 
are still in thriving existence. As an employer 
he was one of the most popular men in the 
county, his upright business methods and pro- 
verbial justness, as well as kindly provision 
for the general well-being of the men in his 
employ, setting lofty standards which attracted 
a high class of workmen to his service. His 
practical goodness and disinterested attempts 
to be of use to his fellow men indicated a 
superior character whose worth won recogni- 
tion everywhere. 

Mr. Lane belonged to old New England 
stock, of English origin, his earliest paternal 
ancestor of record having emigrated from 
Derbyshire, England, with three sons. He 
died on the passage to America. His son 



John settled at Killingworth, Conn., Jonathan 
at Rehoboth, Alass., and Robert at Rye, N. Y. 
John Lane was the ancestor of Norman B. 
Lane. He married a Picket, and from them 
the line is traced through John, who married 
a Kelsey ; John, who married an Egleston; 
Hezekiah, who married a Rutley ; Hezekiah, 
who married a Carter; and Azel, who married 
a -Mrs. Smith, her maiden name being Thomp- 
son. 

Azel Lane was born Sept. 2, 1793, at Kill- 
ingworth, Conn., and was a soldier in the war 
of 1X12. His wife was born at New Haven, 
Conn., Nov. 1, 1790. Their son, Norman B. 
Lane, was born Aug. 30, 1820, at Jacksonville, 
Tompkins Co., X. Y., and was three years 
old when his parents moved to the wilderness 
in Ulysses township, Tioga Co., N. Y., now 
the city of Llmira, locating about six or eight 
miles north of the village of New Town, on 
the headwaters of Baldwin creek. Wild game 
was then plentiful in the neighborhood, and 
the way from the farm to the village was 
indicated only by the blazes on the trees. Azel 
Lane followed his trade of millwright in the 
summer time and taught "school during the 
winter seasons. When his son Norman was 
eleven years old he moved his family to the 
village of Alud Creek (now Savona), Steuben 
Co., N. Y.. and from that time until he was 
twenty-five years old Norman B. Lane worked 
at rriillwrighting with his father, and lumbering 
as well, during this period gaining the busi- 
ness experience which guidea him so well in 
his own ventures later. About the time of his 
marriage he went to lumbering on the Honeoye 
creek in Potter county. Pa., when that country 
was almost an unbroken wilderness, and built 
two sawmills there. The first lot of lumber 
he ran down the river was floated down the 
Ohio to Cairo, 111., taken out of the water 
there and dried, and then shipped up the 
Mississippi. Alissouri and Platte rivers into 
Kansas to find an acceptable market. In 1X51 
Mr. Lane became a partner of Daniel Kings- 
bury, of Bradford, Pa., who had valuable 
land, timber and coal holdings in AIcKean, Elk 
and Jefferson counties. Pa., and they built a 
double steam sawmill in Elk county, on Alead 
run. near the present site of the railroad sta- 
tion at Brockport, Pa. It was the first steam 
sawmill erected in the district, which was then 
almost an unbroken forest from Smethport, 
AIcKean county, to Brookville, Jefferson 
county, eighty miles through by pike and the 
old Ceres road. Some idea of the difficulties 
to be overcome in starting such an enterprise 
in such a region may be gained from the ac- 



IEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



27 



count of the roundabout way in which the 
equipment was acquired. Mr. Lane went to 
Cincinnati and had his engine, boiler and 
machinery made there, shipping them by canal 
to Toledo, thence on Lake Erie to Dunkirk. 
After waiting six or eight weeks for the New 
York & Erie railroad (later the New York, 
Lake Erie & Western) to be completed to 
Dunkirk he sent them on by freight to Olean, 
X. Y.. from which point it took four good 
horses a week to haul a single boiler to its 
destination. But the mill was put in operation' 
that winter, and the production ran from two 
million to five million feet a year for over 
forty years thereafter. Most of the product 
was rafted from the Elk county mill to Cin- 
cinnati, where it was dried and manufactured 
into building stuff which went to the central 
and central Southern States. Now the ship- 
ments are just reversed, Pennsylvania looking 
to the Southern States for her supply of tim- 
ber, and having barely enough of the coarser 
grades to take care of the local demand. 

In 1857 .Mr. Lane and others bought four 
thousand acres from Mr. Kingsbury and 
others, the area known as the Rattlesnake 
tract, built a mill, and commenced operations. 
The firm of Lane & Humphreys was formed, 
and had in connection with the general mer- 
cantile store one of the best plants for making 
bill lumber to be found anywhere from Buffalo 
to Pittsburgh. Besides taking advantage of 
facilities afforded by the local railroads they 
built a railroad three miles in length into 
their own timber, which enabled them to for- 
ward shipments promptly and economically. 
In other ways also they showed a degree of 
enterprise which looked well for the develop- 
ment of the region. In 1863 Mr. Lane intro- 
duced into his own and other mills in this 
section the first circular saws for sawing 
lumber out of round logs used hereabouts, 
and continued this business in a general way 
until the time of his death. He also be- 
came interested in the coal deposits in the 
vicinity in the middle fifties. In the summer 
of 1856 Dr. David Owen Piatt and Professor 
.Meedham, while making the first geological 
survey of the Little Toby valley, in search of 
coal and other minerals, boarded with their 
large corps of assistants at Mr. Lane's house, 
and the information gleaned from them 
brought to him the realization of the enormous 
value of the coal fields so near at hand. Acting 
on their advice, he invested in coal properties 
a few years later, and the firm of which he 
was the senior member acquired large 
holdings. 



Mr. Lane's extensive operations would have 
made him a power in the community in any 
case, but his methods of doing business and 
the absence of unworthy motives in all his 
activities made his career most notable. Dur- 
ing the six years that he lumbered in Elk 
county he managed to keep intoxicating 
liquors at a distance from the site of his opera- 
tions, none being sold within six or seven 
miles of his mills. When he came to Snyder 
township, Jefferson county, he found liquor 
selling one of the leading businesses in the 
locality, and he found it difficult to keep men 
w r orking more than four days a week, the men 
spending Saturdays and Sundays at the hotel, 
and laying off Mondays to recover. So he 
gave the hotel three hundred dollars a year 
to sell no liquor, and the plan worked well for 
three years, until other hotels which had to 
be bought off in the same way became too 
numerous. As a last resort he went before 
the Legislature, and worked zealously until a 
law was passed prohibiting the sale of liquor 
in Snyder township, which also embraces the 
territory of Brockwayville borough, both hav- 
ing been "dry" since 1872. The remedy was 
effective, and of course was of greater benefit 
to his employes than to himself, a fact prop- 
erly appreciated in the township, where his 
action was warmly commended by the best 
element in all classes. 

On Jan. 20, 1846, Mr. Lane was married at 
Whitesville, Allegany Co., X. Y., to Mary 
Angeline Rice, of that place, and when they 
moved to Snyder township Mr. Lane erected 
a spacious residence on the Lane's Mills road, 
southeast of the town, which they continued 
to occupy to the end of their days. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lane had five children: Ida Eugenia, 
born Jan. 25, 1847, married William G. 
McMinn, and died June 28, 1911; Nancy 
Lavonia, born May 31, 1852, died Sept. 1, 
1853; Charles Sumner, born June 27, 1856, 
died July 10, 1857; Fred Avery, born April 
14, 1862, married Linnie B. Cooley ; Carrie 
Elenor, born Nov. 2, 1864, married James 
L. Bond, and died Jan. 10. 1904. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lane celebrated appropriately, at the 
home just mentioned, the golden anniversary 
of their wedding, surrounded by relatives and 
friends to the number of over two hundred. 
Among the guests was Mr. Lane's brother, 
William T. Lane, then a resident of Honeoye, 
Potter Co., Pa., who had been a guest at the 
wedding fifty years before. Mr. Lane passed 
away Feb. 18, 1907, Mrs. Lane on March 25, 
1907. 



28 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



BENSON E. TAYLOR, of Brockwayville, 
is one of a group of foresighted Jefferson 
county men who have taken advantage of the 
possibilities right at their own door. His 
operations, particularly in the development 
of the natural resources of the vicinity, have 
had the direct effect of enlivening industrial 
conditions in the region in all lines, holding the 
investments of local capitalists for home use, 
and attracting others on the lookout for profit- 
able opp'ortunities. His thorough grasp of the 
fundamental principles of business has won 
deserved recognition from his immediate as- 
sociates, whose confidence he has never abused 
in the many tests to which his judgment has 
been subjected. Mr. Taylor came into this 
section of Pennsylvania because of the open- 
ing its heavy forests offered for lumbering, 
to which he had been trained in the woods 
of his native State of Maine. The Taylor fam- 
ily is an old one in that State, the homestead 
being at Hodgdon, Aroostook county, where 
James W. Taylor, grandfather of Benson E. 
Taylor, lived and died. Farming and lumber- 
ing were his principal occupations. He lived 
to the age of eighty-seven years — a character- 
istic member of a family remarkable for 
longevity. 

George W. Taylor, one of the. several chil- 
dren born to James W. Taylor, was the father 
of Benson E. Taylor. He was born July 12, 
1817, on the old Taylor homestead at Hodg- 
don, and lived to the age of ninety-five years, 
dying at his birthplace, where most of his 
life was spent. He had an energetic career, 
engaged principally in agriculture and lum- 
bering and particularly prosperous in the latter 
industry, which he followed in his native State 
and the adjacent territory of New Brunswick. 
In religion he was a Baptist, in politics a Demo- 
crat until Bryan's first presidential campaign 
in 1896, when he changed his allegiance to the 
Republican party. Though he had strong con- 
victions he took no part in politics except to 
cast his vote, and he had no ambition for pub- 
lic honors of any kind. Mr. Taylor married 
Eleanor Taylor (no relation), who was born 
in 1823 near the village of Shediac, on the 
north shore of New Brunswick, daughter of 
Thomas Taylor, of that place, where the mar- 
riage was celebrated. She was a cousin of 
Albert J. Smith, member of Parliament. Mrs. 
Taylor was a school teacher before her mar- 
riage. Of the twelve children born to this 
union all are yet living ( 1916) except the eld- 
est, a daughter, who died at the age of twenty- 
three years. 

Benson E. Taylor was born Jan. 31, 1862, 



at Hodgdon, Aroostook Co., Maine, and there 
remained up to the age of nineteen years. In 
the local public schools he received a good 
practical training, and he spent his boyhood 
and youth in agreeable surroundings at the 
ideal old Colonial home which the family had 
occupied for generations, and to which his 
father had returned just before his birth in 
order to give his children the advantages for 
education and culture which an old-established 
community offered. For a number of years 
they had lived in locations convenient to his 
lumbering operations, some of which were 
carried on along the Canaan river, which flows 
into the St. John river in New Brunswick and 
thence into the Bay of Fundy. The father 
was a man of progressive ideas and wise fore- 
thought, and provided well for his children's, 
future as well as for their early years. Benson 
E. Taylor had his own ambitions, and in his 
nineteenth year started out with his brother. 
Charles H. Taylor (now a prominent lumber- 
man in West Virginia), to realize some of 
them. They decided to try the lumber regions 
of western Pennsylvania as a promising place 
to make their experience valuable, and came 
from the old farm to Ridgway, Elk county. 
Johnsonburg was just being settled, a flag 
station, telegraph office and one old house 
being the nucleus around which this thriving 
place grew. This was in 1880. Wheeler 
Brothers were the principal lumbermen there, 
and the Taylors entered their employ, Charles 
H. Taylor driving team for a short time but 
soon starting on his own account at Dagusca- 
honda. Elk county. Benson E. Taylor con- 
tinued with the Wheeler Brothers, with whom 
he soon had a responsible position, taking 
charge of their lumber mills and manufactur- 
ing lumber for them for about four years, at 
Indian Run and Whistletown. About the end 
of this period he was married at Ridgway, 
and settled with his young wife at Dagusca- 
honda. where he purchased the mercantile 
store and stock of A. B. Stickle, for several 
years conducting a large general supply busi- 
ness and also acting as postmaster. In Sep- 
tember, 1893. he removed thence to Brocks 
wayville Jefferson county, purchased a store* 
in the Fast End of the town, near the Penn- 
sylvania Railroad station, and built up a large 
trade in general merchandise which he car- 
ried on for several years. Upon selling out, 
to R. W. Beadle & Co., he took a three months' 
vacat : on, and on his return to the borough 
formed a partnership with C. D. Fttinger for 
the purpose of establishing a men's clothing 
and furnishings store, which they operated 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



29 



under the firm name of Taylor & Ettinger. 
At the end of three years Mr. Taylor pur- 
chased his partner's interest in the house, 
which he continued alone for the next eight 
years, until the block in which the store was 
located was destroyed by fire, in 1910. Being 
unable to secure the site for rebuilding he 
closed out his interest in the establishment 
to Hemphill, Miller & Co., present proprietors, 
and withdrew from that line. However, he 
was not idle long, having been offered a po- 
sition in Chicago, 111., with the Chicago Sur- 
face Lines, with headquarters at the "Con- 
gress Hotel" on Michigan avenue. The work 
was lucrative, but being in the employ of oth- 
ers did not appeal to his enterprise that indi- 
vidual responsibility engendered, and he de- 
termined to resume business for himself. He 
tendered his resignation several times before 
it was accepted. Coming back to Brockway- 
ville he purchased all the property of D. D. 
Groves on Main street, together with that 
gentleman's coal interests, and turned his ener- 
gies to the operating of coal properties, join- 
ing E. B. Henderson, of Brookville, Jefferson 
county, and Senator T. M. Kurtz, of Punxsu- 
tawney. Jefferson county, in the formation 
of the McKnight Coal Company, which is now 
enjoying a prosperous existence, thanks to 
their excellent system and well directed labors. 
Their activities have extended beyond the im- 
mediate locality, the company having pur- 
chased a large coal tract at Coalport, Pa., now 
being profitably workerl by them as the Cam- 
bria Smokeless Coal Company. As soon as 
it came into their ownership it was equipped 
with the most modern machinery known to 
the coal industry, and the production has amply 
justified the investment. In KJ14 Mr. Taylor 
and other members of the McKnight Coal 
Company took into partnership his son, Ver- 
non P. Taylor, and Fred B. Henderson, the 
former assuming the active management of 
all their coal workings. Mr. Taylor and his 
son also purchased the Savan Colliery Com- 
pany in Indiana county, which they are con- 
ducting in the up-to-date manner character- 
istic of everything they take hold of: this is 
independent of the other holdings mentioned. 
So much for Mr. Taylor's coal interests. In- 
dividually he purchased the old store property 
of D. D. Groves, on Main street, Brockway- 
ville, remodeled the building — tearing part of 
it down and building a new addition — and 
laid in a comprehensive stock of high-class 
general merchandise, opening for business in 
I9 11 - As might have been expected, the store 
has been maintained along high standards of 



dealing and service ever since, being one of 
the most reliable and best patronized in the 
borough, where the people have responded 
promptly to his efforts to give them selection 
and trading accommodations above the ordi- 
nary. The five rooms above the store have 
been fitted up for office purposes, and are 
used by the McKnight Coal Company. 

The enumeration of Mr. Taylor's "irons in 
the fire" is sufficient to show that he is a 
busy man, and he has never had any aspira- 
tion for public position to draw him from 
the close attention they have required. Never- 
theless he is keenly interested in the general 
welfare and important public questions, and 
has exerted his influence to place competent 
men in office. To this end he has taken a very- 
active part in the councils of the Republican 
party, having served as delegate to many State 
conventions, and in June, 1916, he was an al-. 
ternate to the National convention. With his 
wife and family he belongs to the First Pres- 
byterian Church at Brockwayville, and he is 
a member of its board of trustees. 

On Dec. 24, 1884, Mr. Taylor was married, 
at Ridgway, Pa., to Emma R. Olmsted, who 
was born April 10, 1865, at Brockwayville, Pa., 
but grew to womanhood at Ridgway. where 
she received her education and subsequently 
taught for several years in the public schools. 
They have had three children : Vernon F., 
born May 14, 1888; Bonnie Frances, born Dec. 
20, 1894, and Alice Eleanor, born Dec. 27, 
[910. The eldest daughter is a graduate of 
the Brockwayville high school, and of Penn 
Hall, Chambersburg, Pa., and after spending 
one year at Pennsylvania College for Women 
( Pittsburgh ) entered Smith College, North- 
ampton, Mass.. where she is now (1916) a 
sophomore. In 1907 Mr. Taylor purchased 
from Dr. 11. B. Brumbaugh a lot on Main 
street, Brockwayville, where he erected a beau- 
tiful dwelling of red brick, provided with all 
tlic conveniences which modern architecture 
has devised, and there the family has since 
resided. 

Vernon F. Taylor, only son of Benson E. 
Taylor, was born May 14, 1888, at Dagusca- 
honda. Pa., and obtained his early education 
at Brockwayville, graduating from the public 
high school in 1906. Then he entered Alle- 
gheny College, at Meadville, Pa., taking the 
preparatory course, and subsequently became 
a student in the University of Pennsylvania, 
attending the Wharton School, from which he 
was graduated in 191 1. The following year 
he became interested in coal mining opera- 
tions, to which he now devotes all his time 



30 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



and attention. He has a highly creditable rec- 
ord of business success gained in a compara- 
tively brief period of activity, and holding 
promise of worthy achievement. On June 
16, 1915, Mr. Taylor married, in Clarion, Pa., 
Ruth Campbell, of that place, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. R. D. Campbell. They have one 
child. Vernon F., Jr., who was born at Indiana, 
Pennsylvania. 

LEX N. MITCHELL, of Punxsutawney, is 
a member of the legal profession whose name 
undoubtedly will go into the record of those 
who have done honor to the Jefferson county 
bar. He entered his present profession after 
a successful period as an educator, and bids 
fair to exceed the good promises of an auspi- 
cious start, for he had the confidence and good 
wishes of a large circle of associates and 
acquaintances when he abandoned his early 
work for the law. Conscientious application to 
his studies, together with a broad classical 
training, made him unusually well prepared for 
his chosen calling, and with characteristic thor- 
oughness he has never relaxed his studious 
habits. That he is an orator of acknowledged 
power and attainments adds one more to the 
list of qualifications by which he has advanced 
to an honorable position among a group of 
worthy competitors. 

During a century of residence in Jefferson 
county the Mitchell family has held high place 
among the useful, active and estimable citizens 
who have helped to advance the development 
of western Pennsylvania. Thomas Sharp 
Mitchell, the grandfather of Lex N. Mitchell, 
was born at Elderton, Armstrong Co., Pa., and 
came over into Jefferson county when a boy. 
For some time he was employed with Thomas 
Pain in Perry township, and later established 
a store at Hamilton, in that township, where 
he located in pioneer days, continuing to oper- 
ate it for several years. In 1854 he was elected 
sheriff of Jefferson county and served one term 
of three years. Mr. Mitchell married Sarah 
Blose, daughter of George Blose, Sr., and both 
are buried at the Perry Church in Perry 
township. Mr. Mitchell died at Hamilton Aug. 
27, 1883. They were the parents of a large 
family : A. R., who was killed while serving in 
the Civil war; Nancy E. ; Ann; Thomas S. ; 
Alex H., who served in the Civil war as captain 
of Company A. 105th Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers, and received a medal of honor voted him 
by Congress ; Rebecca A. ; Martha J. ; James 
George ; Laura M. ; Malinda C, and Alice M. 
Of this family, Hon. James George Mitchell, 
who owns the old Mitchell homestead at Ham- 



ilton, where he resides, has been a leader in the 
workings of the Republican party in Jefferson 
county for years, and has served in both 
branches of the State legislature, as well as in 
local offices. 

Thomas S. Mitchell, son of Thomas Sharp 
Mitchell, was a harnessmaker by occupation, 
and one of the highly respected residents of 
Perrysville (Hamilton). He married Ellen 
Gourley, daughter of Alexander and Margaret 
(Gillespie) Gourley, and they were the parents 
of a large family : A. R. and Margaret, of 
North Mahoning township, Indiana county ; 
Lex X.. the subject of this sketch ; Bessie Irene. 
of Milford, Utah; T. B., of Punxsutawney; 
Grace H., of Minersville, Utah; and Albert S., 
of DuBois, Pa. Thomas S. Mitchell died at 
Hamilton May 30, 1898. Ellen Mitchell, the 
mother, is still living and active at the age of 
seventy-three years. 

Lex N. Mitchell was born Oct. 27, 1870, at 
Perrysville, where he was reared, beginning his 
education in the public schools there. Later he 
was sent to the Perrysville Normal Academy, 
and followed with a course at Waynesburg 
1 Pa. ) College, graduating from that institution 
in 1894 with the degree of bachelor of didac- 
tics. It was during his student days there that 
his oratorical ability first won him reputation. 
He was unanimously elected by the Union 
Society of the college to compete for the hon- 
ors in the Inter-Collegiate Oratorical Contest, 
but declined because he did not feel that he 
could spare the time from the private studies 
and work as a teacher which he was carrying 
in addition to those in the regular curriculum. 
In youth he was .taught harnessmaking by his 
father, but he has never followed the trade. 
He also worked on the farm of his brother-in- 
law, C. S. Neal, for his board and clothes from 
the age of ten until he was thirteen vears of 
age, and thereafter until he was sixteen years 
old as a farm hand. Being ambitious for 
higher education, he felt that the teacher's pro- 
fession was the best avenue to its attainment, 
and he commenced teaching when a young man 
in Perrv township. His capability was so ap- 
parent that he was advanced to more responsi- 
ble charges, becoming principal of the graded 
schools at Horatio, in the adjoining township 
of Young, where he remained for three years. 
His next position was as principal of the 
schools of West Reynoldsville borough, this 
county, whence he was called to become princi- 
pal of the schools of Indiana, Pa., including the 
high school. After one year's work at Indiana 
he 'returned to West Reynoldsville. was after- 
wards similarly engaged for two vears at j 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



31 



Marienville, Forest county, and then came 
back to Jefferson county, where for two years 
he was supervisory principal of the Young 
township schools, during which time he com- 
pleted his legal studies, which he had begun 
in the office of A. J. Truitt. He was admitted 
to practice in 1900, and at once became asso- 
ciated with W. B. Adams as senior member of 
the firm of Mitchell and Adams with offices on 
Mahoning street, opposite the public square in 
Punxsutawney. They conducted a general 
insurance 'and real estate agency in conjunction 
with their law business. As a legal practi- 
tioner, Mr. Mitchell has thrived from the out- 
set. He took up his work with the enthusiasm 
and zeal created by sincere interest, and has 
always found it much to his taste. With ability 
developed and strengthened by experience, and 
increased familiarity with the routine of prac- 
tice, he has made a showing gratifying even to 
his ambition. He is industrious in his prepara- 
tion of all cases which come into his hands, 
•painstaking in protecting the rights of his 
clients, and absolutely honorable in all his deal- 
ings, a fact which is conceded by those who 
have met him in opposition as well as by his 
associates. His courtesy and pleasant person- 
ality have gone far to make him popular 
wherever known. He is a member of the 
Superior and Supreme courts of the State, and 
the United States courts, and at present ac- 
tively engaged in the practice of his profession. 
Mr. Mitchell's talents as an orator have been 
in demand in the prosecution of many a local, 
State and national political campaign. He is 
considered one of the most valuable workers 
the Republican party has in this section, and 
from young manhood has been taking an ac- 
tive part in securing the success of the ticket. 
He has taken part in every national campaign 
since [896, making a record for effective 
speechmaking which gained him many com- 
pliments from party leaders and followers 
alike. He was elected as a Roosevelt delegate 
to the Republican State convention in 1912, a 
delegate at large to the Republican National 
convention in 1912, and chosen by the Penn- 
sylvania delegation as its representative on the 
Credentials committee of the Republican Na- 
tional convention in June of the same year; 
was a delegate at large to the Progressive Na- 
tional convention in 191 2, and active in the 
organization of the Progressive party in the 
nation and the Washington ( Progressive ) 
party in the State. He presided at the organi- 
zation of the Progressive League of Pennsyl- 
vania, at the Progressive Conference held in 
Philadelphia in March, 19 12, and was chair- 



man of the Progressive Conference held at 
Harrisburg in January, 19 14. 

In 1 9 14 he was a candidate for congressman 
at large on the Progressive (Washington) 
party ticket, making over one hundred speeches 
in this campaign in various parts of the State, 
accompanying and speaking with Colonel 
Roosevelt in his trip over the State in October 
of the same year. He was nominated on the 
Progressive and Republican tickets for the 
General Assembly from Jefferson county and 
elected at the November election in the year 
1916, and is at present serving as one of the 
representatives from his home county. 

Mr. Mitchell is a director of and counsel 
for the Farmers & Miners Trust Company of 
Punxsutawney, Pa., a member of the Y. M. 
C. A., Progressive League of Pennsylvania, 
Punxsutawney Chamber of Commerce, Pro- 
gressive Volunteers, Pennsylvania Society of 
New York, Civil Service Reform Association 
of Pennsylvania, Commercial Law League of 
America, Punxsutawney Country Club, O. U. 
A. M., Modern Woodmen, Maccabees, and 
other social, civic, religious or business or- 
ganizations. He is a member of the First 
Church of Christ, Scientist, of Punxsutawney. 

Mr. Mitchell has been twice married. His 
first wife, Ella Hamilton, daughter of J. J. 
Hamilton, of Perrysville, Pa., died in 1892, 
leaving a daughter, now Mrs. James L. Smey- 
ers, of Ambridge, Pa. In [898 he was mar- 
ried to L. Blanche Simpson, daughter of W. E. 
Simpson, of Horatio, Pa. Three children have 
been born to this union, William Thomas, Har- 
vey Lex ( deceased ) and Mary Louise. 

Mr. Mitchell was chairman of the Anti- 
Saloon League of Jefferson County in 1910, 
and has for years been active in the cause of 
temperance. He is an advocate of local option, 
State-wide prohibition and national prohibi- 
tion. 

WALTER STILSON BLAISDELL, M. D. 
Though Dr. Blaisdell fortified himself 
thoroughly for the practice of medicine and 
achieved definite success in his work as a phy- 
sician and surgeon, his initiative has led him 
into the field of industrial enterprise and he 
has become a representative force in connec- 
tion with coal mining operations in north- 
western Pennsylvania. In this commercial do- 
main he has been associated with the exploit- 
ing and development of important mines, be- 
ing now an interested principal in a number of 
the leading corporations that are successfully 
carrying forward mining operations in this 
section of the State. So varied are his busi- 



32 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



ness interests that he has retired from the 
active practice of his profession, and while 
engaged in the supervision of these important 
affairs maintains his residence on his country 
estate in Young township, one of the most 
beautiful rural homes in this favored section. 
The Doctor is specially eligible for recognition 
in this history by reason of his extensive and 
important associations with the industrial 
activities of Jefferson county as a coal oper- 
ator. 

Dr. Blaisdell was born at Macomb, McDon- 
ough Co.. 111.. May 21, 1866. After a course 
of study in the Abbott preparatory school at 
Farmington, Maine, he pursued a higher 
academic course in the University of Michi- 
gan, at Ann Arbor. In preparation for his 
chosen profession he entered the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons in 1887, in which in- 
stitution he was graduated as a member of the 
class of 1890 and from which he received the 
degree of doctor of medicine. For a period 
of eighteen months thereafter he was engaged 
in the practice of his profession in the City- 
Hospital of Baltimore, Md., and for the ensu- 
ing four months was retained by a corpora- 
tion as its official surgeon in the West Indies. 
Upon his return to the United States he came 
to Jefferson county. Pa., and became assistant 
to the resident physician at the Adrian Hospi- 
tal, in Punxsutawney borough. Some time 
later he became the official physician and sur- 
geon of the Helvetia colliery, at Helvetia. 
Clearfield county, a position of which he con- 
tinued the incumbent for a period of eight 
months. He then returned to Jefferson 
county and assumed a similar position in con- 
nection with the Rochester & Pittsburgh Coal 
& Iron Company at Walston. While thus in 
close association with the coal mining industry 
in this section of Pennsylvania Dr. Blaisdell 
discerned the incidental opportunities open to 
him in this connection, and he became per- 
sonallv interested in the acquirement and de- 
velopment of coal lands. He organized the 
Punxsutawney Coal Mining Company in com- 
pany with Harry Yates, of Buffalo, N. Y., 
which is carrying forward the development 
work on its coal lands at Frances.- Indiana 
county. The Doctor is also owner of the 
Horatio mines, at Horatio. Jefferson county. 
and of the Williams Run Coal Company, with 
mines and headquarters at Punxsutawney, 
and his coal interests further involve opera- 
tions in the vicinity of Marion Center, Indiana 
county. 

In establishing for himself a home eligibly 
located for the supervision of his industrial 



interests, Dr. Blaisdell manifested discrimina- 
tion in the purchase of the fine old home- 
stead farm known as the William Long place, 
which he has developed into one of the most 
beautiful country homes in this section of the 
Keystone State. The property came into his 
possession in 1912, since when he has made 
many improvements upon it, and the modern 
house which is the family home is ideally lo- 
cated, commanding a beautiful view of the 
picturesque country which surrounds it. The 
residence is situated on the State road leading 
from Punxsutawney to Indiana, Indiana 
county, and here the Doctor and his family 
delight to extend hospitality to their many 
friends. The Doctor is interested in all that 
concerns the civic and material welfare of his 
home county, where his interests are of broad 
scope and importance. 

In the Masonic fraternity Dr. Blaisdell has 
received the thirty-second degree of the An- 
cient Accepted Scottish Rite, as a member 
of the consistory in the city of Pittsburgh. 
1 lis affiliations are with John W. Jenks Lodge, 
Xo. 534, F. & A. M., at Punxsutawney; Jef- 
ferson Chapter, Royal Arch Masons ; and 
Ridgway Commandery, K. T. ; besides which, 
in the city of Erie, this State, he holds mem- 
bership in Zem Zem Temple of the Ancient 
Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine. He belongs to the Punxsutawney 
Lodge of the Benevolent Protective Order of 
FJks, the Punxsutawney Club and the Punxsu- 
tawney Country Club; the Buffalo Club and 
Country Club at Buffalo, N. Y. ; the Harris- 
burg Club, in Pennsylvania's capital city ; the 
Racquet Club in the city of Philadelphia; and 
the Duquesne Club in Pittsburgh. 

In the year 1893 Dr. Blaisdell married 
Xellie Russell, of Brooklyn. N. Y. They have 
two children, Ralph and Frances. 

JOSEPH BUFFINGTON HENDER- 
SON, of Brookville, holds an important rela- 
tion to the business interests of his borough 
and county. During his long association with 
its financial affairs as executive head of the 
Jefferson County National Bank he has main- 
tained its prestige and his own by a most com- 
mendable course, and he has been equally 
successful in his other ventures. Indeed, he 
and his brothers have made the name of Hen- 
derson famous in their generation for initia- 
tive and ability. 

Mr. Henderson was born at Brookville Sept. 
14. 1842, son of Joseph Washington and 
Nancy (Wilson) Henderson, and received his 
early education there. After attending com- 



T^T^ 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



33 



mon schools taught by G. A. Jenks and A. L. 
Gordon until fourteen years of age, he went 
to work in the office of the Jefferson Star 
(now the Brookville Republican), published 
by John Scott, until 1858. For a short time 
he attended the Brookville Academy, taught 
by Rev. John Todd and a Mr. Polk. In the 
fall or winter of 1858 he went to Clarion, Pa., 
and became foreman in the office of The C la- 
rion Democrat, published by William G. Alex- 
ander, printing twelve hundred papers on an 
old Washington hand press. In the winter of 
i860 or spring of 1861 he took a course of 
bookkeeping at the Iron City Commercial Col- 
lege, Pittsburgh, where he heard Abraham 
Lincoln make an address when on his way to 
Washington to be inaugurated president. He 
was a youth of eighteen when the Civil war 
broke out, and he enlisted April 24, 1861, on the 
first caH for troops, in Company I, 8th Regi- 
ment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, serv- 
ing three months and receiving an honorable 
discharge at Harrisburg July 29, 1861. In the 
fall of 1861 Mr. Henderson entered the pro- 
thonotary's office as clerk for his father, being 
so engaged until the fall of 1863, when 
appointed clerk to the board of enrollment 
located at Waterford, Erie Co., Pa. The office 
was removed to Ridgway, Elk Co., Pa., in 
1864. The officers of the board were Colonel 
Campbell, Jerome Powell and Dr. CM. Mat- 
son. Mr. Henderson remained in this service 
until August, 1865, resigning to accept a posi- 
tion in the First National Bank of Brookville 
(capitalized at $100,000) as bookkeeper and 
teller. He continued this association with 
that institution until October, 1872, when, hav- 
ing been elected prothonotary of Jefferson 
county, he resigned to assume his official 
responsibilities. At that time the work of 
register, recorder and clerk of the several 
courts was combined with the prothonotary's 
office, and he discharged its numerous duties 
faithfully as well as efficiently for two suc- 
cessive terms, having been honored with re- 
election in 1875. Meantime, when the Jeffer- 
son County National Bank of Brookville was 
organized, July 27, 1878, he was active in the 
organization, and became cashier, in which 
capacity he was retained until made president, 
on Jan. 9, 1883. He has filled that position 
without interruption since, for over thirty 
years, with such wise judgment and clear 
conception regarding its obligations that he has 
a strong position among the ablest financiers 
in Jefferson county. With others he was also 
instrumental in organizing the First National 
Bank of Punxsutawney, Pa., the First Na- 



tional Bank of Reynoldsville, Pa., and the 
Union Banking and Trust Company of 
DuBois, Pa., and was for a time a stockholder 
and director in each. Aside from banking, his 
most important business interest is as one of 
the owners of the Pocahontas Lumber Com- 
pany, who have large timber holdings in Poca- 
hontas county, W. Va., and a mill at Burner, 
that county. His brother Samuel S. Hender- 
son is one of his partners in this concern. He 
has engaged in the coal as well as the lumber 
business in company with others. As a young 
man he made many trips on rafts and fleets 
on the creek and river to Pittsburgh. 

Mr. Henderson has always been associated 
with the Republican party, and has attended 
National, State and Congressional conventions 
as a delegate. For about thirty years, from 
the time he was elected to office in the seven- 
ties, he took a very active part in politics, and 
perhaps there was no other local Republican 
more frequently consulted or influential than 
he in political affairs, or more capable of giving 
sound advice. Reliable and safe in counsel, 
and honorable to the last degree, he has always 
had the confidence of all who know him. He 
is held in popular esteem as one who has never 
failed to contribute liberally to any worthy 
object or enterprise which may be of benefit 
to the community, using his large means wisely 
but with an open hand. In fact, his generosity 
has been most marked, and well exercised in 
furthering the interests of his town and com- 
munity. He has been unstinting in charity, 
and his friends in all classes are numerous. 

On July 13, 1863, Mr. Henderson married 
Mary S. Bennett, of Brookville, and they have 
had a family of five children : Ella, born 
Sept. 10, 1864, now the wife of B. Mack Mar- 
lin; Blanch, born Feb. 11, 1869, who died May 
18, 1895; Frank B., born Oct. 22, 1870, who 
married Anna Arthurs ; Alice, born June 24, 
1872, wife of R. Van Tassel ; and Mary J., 
born Aug. 30, 1884. 

BUELL B. WTHTEHILL, until recently a 
resident of Brookville, attained a place among 
the live members of the Jefferson county bar, 
finding his own life work in the profession 
which his father honored there for almost 
forty years. Few men of the community have 
had the reputation of living closer to their ex- 
pressed convictions of right than the late 
Stewart II . Whitehill. He held to high prin- 
ciples and endeavored to practice them. A 
man of vigorous intellect, energetic and force- 
ful personality, a profound thinker, and gifted 
in the expression of his views by word or pen, 



34 



JEFFERSOX COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



he exerted an appreciable power for good in 
the course of his busy life, which may well be 
classed among the influences of permanent 
value in the development of this region. 

The Whitehills are old Pennsylvania stock, 
established here since Provincial days, tracing 
their lineage back to James Whitehill, 1700- 
1766, who lived in Pequea, Lancaster county. 
His children were: James, 1725-1757; John, 
1729-1815; Robert, 1735-1813 ; Capt. David. 
1743-1809; Joseph, 1746-1808. 

John Whitehill, son of James, born 1729, 
died 1815, was a soldier in the Revolutionary 
war. His children were : William, George, 
James, Margaret, Mary, Elizabeth, Christiana 
and John Sanderson. Through William, the 
first "named in this family, Buell B. Whitehill 
is descended, his great-great-grandfather, 
Stewart H. Whitehill, born about 1764 in Lan- 
caster county, Pa., being the son of William. 

Stewart H. Whitehill (2), born in 1784 in 
central Pennsylvania, was the great-grand- 
father, and his son. Dr. Stewart Herbert 
Whitehill, born in 181 8, was the grandfather. 
The latter's wife, Lavina, remarried, becoming 
the wife of Griswold P.. Carrier, and she has 
been an honored resident of Brookville for 
many years. She was born March 4, 1831, 
and was eighty-five years old the day her son, 
Stewart H. Whitehill, passed away. Her chil- 
dren still surviving are: William W. White- 
hill, of Kane, Pa. ; B. E. Carrier, of Salem, 
Oregon; Mrs. O. R. Jordan, of Kane: Mrs. 
Frances C. Carroll, of Brookville: and Mrs. 
William J. Orme, of Pittsburgh. 

Stewart Herbert Whitehill was the fourth 
in the family in direct line to bear the same 
name. He was a native of Jefferson county, 
born Dec. 5, 1850, in the borough of Summer- 
ville, and grew to manhood in the neighborhood 
of Brookville. Mis public school training was 
received at Summerville and Mount Pleasant, 
and he was later a student in the Corsica 
Academy and Carrier Seminary (which later 
became the Clarion Normal School), taking 
his higher course in the Indiana ( Pa. ) Normal 
School, of which he was one of the first grad- 
uates, being valedictorian of the class of 1876. 
1 1 i^ early ambition was for the legal profession, 
and he took up the study of law immediately 
upon his graduation from normal school, in 
the offices of Hons. William P. and George A. 
Tenks, preparing for the bar examination in 
an unusually short time and passing it suc- 
cessfully. He began independent practice in 
1878. and carried it on to the end of his life. 
His lifelong acquaintanceship in the vicinity 
developed into popular esteem as the years 



passed and his worth became more and more 
evident to his associates. The diligence with 
which he applied himself during his student 
days never relaxed when he assumed the seri- 
ous responsibilities of life. In his youth he had 
done farm work and lumbering, so he did not 
consider laborious exertion a hardship, and be- 
sides being a successful lawyer he found time 
for other interests, some in the way of his 
chosen calling, many which showed broader 
sympathies. In 1905 he was the Democratic 
nominee for judge in Jefferson county. In 
[915 he was again a candidate for the nomina- 
tion for that office, and conducted a lively cam- 
paign, which was no doubt a severe tax on his 
already failing strength, his heart having been 
weak for a number of years before his death. 
Indeed, he had to give up work a number of 
times, but he always resumed his activities as 
soon as possible, and he accomplished many 
things which a less ambitious nature would 
have hesitated to undertake. At the time of his 
death a Brookville paper spoke thus of his life 
and work : 

"Mr. Whitehill was a man who was known 
for honesty of purpose. When he believed in 
a principle he was fearless in the advocacy of 
what he believed was right. He was a kind 
and affectionate father and keenly enjoyed the 
companionship of his friends and loved ones. 
He will be much missed by a large circle of 
friends in this community who will remember 
him on account of the influence he always ex- 
erted for good. . . . Many newspaper ar- 
ticles that he was the author of found their way 
into print ; most of these were prose, but a 
number were in verse. He was always deeply 
interested in the temperance cause, and all his 
life he was opposed to the liquor business. 
Most of his newspaper articles were on the 
evils of intemperance, and he never failed to 
oppose the saloon when he had the opportunity. 
The deceased was a member of the Brookville 
M. E. Church, having put his church certificate 
here from another church of the same denom- 
ination of which he became a member in his 
early youth. He was the superintendent of 
the Sunday school here for four years, a 
teacher of one of the Sunday school classes for 
over twenty years, a class leader for three 
years, and for thirty years in succession and 
up to the time of his death a member of the 
board of trustees." Mr. Whitehill died at his 
home in Brookville March 4. 1916, after a 
month's illness, and was buried in the Brook- 
ville cemetery. The funeral services were con- 
ducted by his pastor. Rev. Homer B. Potter, 
assisted by Rev. Dr. W. S. Fulton, and the 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



35 



pallbearers were official members of the 
church. 

In 1876 Mr. Whitehill was married to Mary 
Shepherd, of Johnstown, Pa., who had been a 
fellow student at the Indiana Normal School, 
and who died in 1904. In 1914 he married 
(second I Twila C. Cale, who survives him, as 
do the following children: M. Madeline, wife 
of Dr. A. C. Whitehill; Buell B. ; \Y. Winona, 
teacher of music in the Brookville schools ; 
Elizabeth C, and Charles ]'>., all residing in 
Brookville except Charles B. Whitehill, who is 
now located in Detroit, Mich., and Buell B., 
now a resident of Boston, Massachusetts. 

Buell B. Whitehill was born Jan. 27, 1881, at 
Brookville, where practically all his life has 
been spent. Flis early education was obtained 
in the public schools of the borough, and after 
graduating from the Brookville high school, 
in 1897, he entered Allegheny College, at 
Meadville. Pa., where he completed the course 
in K)04. Meantime he had become court sten- 
ographer for the courts of Jefferson county, 
and he continued to hold that position while 
attending college and while pursuing his law 
studies, in his father's office, being admitted 
to the bar in this county in March, 1912. Fie 
was official court stenographer of the Jefferson 
County courts for fifteen years, of Clarion 
County courts for three years, of Indiana 
County courts for five years, and has done 
a great deal of court and general official re- 
porting over central and western Pennsylvania 
in particular. He had law offices with his 
father until the latter's death, and subsequently 
cared for a lucrative general practice in Brook- 
ville, to which he devoted most of his time 
after he gave up his work as court stenog- 
rapher, in January, 1916. -Mr. Whitehill has 
exhibited the substantial traits of character 
and intellect which have made the name re- 
spected in Brookville and Jefferson county, and 
he is associating himself with the most pro- 
gressive movements of the day, contributing 
generously to the promotion of various objects 
of interest to the community. Fie has been 
a constant, untiring worker for all civic and 
political betterment, both locally and in the 
larger fields of politics. He is active in the 
Presbyterian Church and Sunday school, and 
for the last five years of his residence in 
Brookville served as a member of the borough 
school board, having been elected President of 
the board in December, 1915. Fraternally he 
is a Mason, belonging to Hobah Lodge, No. 
2~(\ F. & A. M. (master in 1900, and later 
secretary ) ; Jefferson Chapter, Xo. 225, R. 
A. M., of Brookville (high priest in 191 1, and 



ater secretary); Bethany Commandery, Xo. 
$3, K. T., of DuBois, Pa. ; and Jaffa Temple, 
A. A. ( ). X. M. S., of Altoona. 

.Mr. Whitehill married Lee M. Snook, 
daughter of Judge W. IF Snook, who pre- 
sided over the courts at Paulding, Ohio. They 
have one child, Buell 1!., Jr., now five years 
of age. 



WIFSOX R. DARRAH. A native of the 
old Fine Tree State and a scion of a family 
that was founded in Xew England prior to the 
war of the Revolution, the late Wilson Robert 
1 la rrah was the eldest in a family of eight 
children and was but a boy at the time of his 
parents' removal to Pennsylvania, where he 
was reared to manhood and maintained his 
home during the remainder of his active, vig- 
orous, productive and upright life. He became 
a prominent factor in connection with the great 
lumber industry, and in this connection his 
operations, which grew to be of an extensive 
and important order, touched not only Penn- 
sylvania but also the splendid forest preserves 
of the States of Michigan and Washington, 
in which latter he was a pioneer representative 
of this line of enterprise. He made the pass- 
ing years count in large and worthy achieve- 
ment, was revered and honored of men and 
attained to venerable age. His home was for 
many years at Brookville, where his death oc- 
curred on the 18th of February, 1905. 

Mr. Darrah was born at Bangor, Maine, on 
the 24th of December, 1824, and was the eldest 
of the eight children born to Robert and Tina 
{.Mitchell) Darrah. His paternal grandfather, 
John Darrah, was born and reared in Scot- 
land, as a representative of one of the sterling 
old families of the "land of hills and heather," 
and came to America as a young man. John 
Darrah established his residence in Massa- 
chusetts, whence he went forth to do loyal 
service as a patriot soldier in the war of the 
Revolution. Robert Darrah was born on the 
23d of January, 1797, and in his early man- 
hood he became identified with lumbering 
operations in the State of Maine, whence he 
eventually removed to Tioga county. X. Y., 
where he continued his association with this 
line of enterprise for two years. He then 
came with his family to Pennsylvania and for a 
time lived at Carbondale. Luzerne county. In 
December, 1834. he settled at Brookville, and 
thereafter was engaged for a score of years 
in lumbering activities on Sandy Lick creek. 
Here his operations were successfully con- 
tinued until 1855. and then he removed to the 
great timber country of northern Michigan, 



36 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



becoming a pioneer lumberman in the pineries 
of Mecosta county, where he continued to re- 
side until his death, which occurred Sept. 28, 
1865, his devoted wife having preceded him 
to eternal rest. 

As previously stated, Wilson R. Darrah was 
a child at the time of the family removal to 
Pennsylvania, and here he was reared to adult 
age, the while he profited by the advantages 
afforded in the common schools of the day, 
though his broader education was that gained 
in the benignant school of experience. As a 
boy he found employment for a time in carry- 
ing the mail from Kittanning. Armstrong 
county, to Ridgway, Elk county, his journey-" 
ing between these places being made on horse- 
back and the intervening nights en route being 
passed by him at Brandy Camp. As an im- 
mature youth he also found employment as a 
driver on the towpath of the old Erie canal, 
and later he was engaged in the capacity of 
fireman on the Michigan Central railroad, at a 
time when arduous work was involved in sup- 
1 living the requisite fuel to the old-time wood- 
burning engines and when the track was of 
strap-iron rails. 

At the age of nineteen years Mr. Darrah 
returned to New England, and after remain- 
ing two years in Hartford county, Connecti- 
cut, he gained a brief experience in connection 
with pioneer life in Kansas. He next engaged 
in agricultural pursuits in the State of Michi- 
gan, and there his first wife, whose maiden 
name was Cornelia A. Van Vleck, was called 
to the life eternal in 1858. Their marriage 
occurred in March. 1846. Of their children 
the eldest is John E.. who now maintains his 
home at Clarion, Charlevoix Co.. Mich. ; 
Charles J. died at Brookville, in 191 1 ; Sena S., 
who died in Michigan, was a twin sister of 
Mrs. Charles W. Roberts, of Pittsburgh. 

After the death of his wife Mr. Darrah sold 
his Michigan farm and returned with his chil- 
dren to Brookville, and in i860 was solem- 
nized his marriage to Mary Neese, of New 
Salem. Armstrong county. Of their children 
the firstborn. Wilmoth E., of Brookville, is the 
only survivor. The other four children, Cora 
May, Alma C, Guy R. and Malcolm \Y., died 
young, and the mother passed away Nov. 30. 

IQII. 

Upon returning to Brookville Mr. Darrah 
engaged in lumbering on the Mile Hill tract, 
and in this enterprise he became associated 
with his brother, Edward H.. who was his able 
coadjutor for many years. He became one of 
the prominent and successful representatives 
of the lumber industry in this section of the 



State and eventually extended his operations 
into Michigan, where he owned valuable tracts 
of white pine timber, besides which he became 
identified also with lumbering in the State of 
Washington, to which section of the Pacific 
coast country he made his first trip in the year 
1886. He achieved substantial success through 
his long association with the lumber industry 
and continued to maintain his home at Brook- 
ville, where he lived virtually retired for sev- 
eral years prior to his death. He erected a 
commodious and attractive residence on Mill 
street, and here his death occurred on the 18th 
of February, 1905, about two months after 
his eightieth birthday anniversary. He be- 
came widely known as an aggressive business 
man of much initiative and executive ability, 
and his inviolable integrity in all the relations 
of life gave him secure place in the confidence 
and high regard of all who came within the 
compass of his kindly influence. Mr. Darrah 
was a man of strong mental grasp and had well 
fortified convictions concerning governmental 
and economic policies. Though he was essen- 
tially a business man and had no desire to enter 
the arena of practical politics, he gave loyal 
allegiance to the Republican party and was 
liberal and public-spirited as a citizen. His 
religious faith, characteristically unostenta- 
tious in its exemplification, was that of the 
Presbyterian Church, of which both his first 
and his second wives likewise were earnest 
adherents. 

Wilmoth E. Darrah, the only surviv- 
ing child of the second marriage of Wilson 
R. Darrah. was born at Brookville, Pa., on the 
21st of January, 1866, and after duly profiting 
from the advantages afforded in the public 
schools he pursued a course of higher academic 
study in Lewisburg University, at Lewisburg, 
Union county. Thereafter he passed five years 
in the State of Washington, where he was ac- 
tively associated with his. father's lumbering 
interests, and he then returned to his native \ 
village, where he devoted the ensuing four 
years to a prosperous retail furniture business. 
The next four years found him successful in 
the same line at Oil City, Venango countv. In 
1903 he assumed a position as traveling sales- 
man for the A. J. Logan Company, manufac- 
turers of beds and bedding in the city of 
Pittsburgh, which important concern he has 
since continued to represent through the terri- 
tory of central and northwestern Pennsylvania, 
the while he has continued to reside in the fine 4 ' 
old homestead of his father in Brookville. 
where his circle of friends is coincident with 
that of his acquaintances and where he ren- 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



37 



ders the tribute and service of a progressive 
and public-spirited citizen, his political alle- 
giance being given to the Republican party ; 
both he and his wife hold membership in the 
Presbyterian Church. 

In the year 1893 was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Mr. Darrah to Ida Lee Enfield, of 
Johnstown, this State, and they have two chil- 
dren: Georgiana Madaline Darrah was mar- 
ried on May 30, 1916, to Courtland Williams 
of Clinton, Ky., who is interested in the manu- 
facture of carbon; Dr. Lee W., who graduated 
from the medical department of the University 
of Pittsburgh, is now engaged in the success- 
ful practice of his profession at Newcastle, 
Lawrence county, Pennsylvania. 

WILLIAM JENKS, attorney, of Punx- 
sutawney, holds a position in the legal profes- 
sion and among his personal associates entirely 
in keeping with the honored name he bears. 
The early record of the Jenks family in Jef- 
ferson county was one of such high profes- 
sional skill and brilliant service to the com- 
munity that it has imposed a sense of obliga- 
tion upon the succeeding generations, who have 
been a credit to their ancestry in so noticeable 
a degree that they are still looked to as exam- 
ples of public spirit and leaders of public 
opinion. William Jenks has been true to the 
. type. By reason of his success as a lawyer 
and the commendable part he has taken in local 
affairs he is one of the foremost citizens of 
Punxsutawney, where the name of Jenks has a 
permanent place in history. The beautiful 
public park there, conceded to be the most at- 
tractive spot in Jefferson county, was presented 
to Punxsutawney by Dr. John W. Jenks, 
grandfather of William Jenks, the deed for the 
transfer being made in 1821. The tract is 
212 by 320 feet in dimensions, and its posses- 
sion and maintenance have become a matter 
of pride to the borough. 

Dr. fohn W. Jenks. the founder of this 
family in Jefferson county, was born June 24, 
1793, and until his removal here lived in 
Bucks county. Pa., having been reared there, at 
Newtown. He was highly educated, having 
graduated from the University of Pennsyl- 
vania before the war of 1812, and from the 
medical department of that institution in 1816. 
He commenced the study of medicine in early 
life, and his principal instructor in that science 
was Dr. Phineas Jenks. He married Mary 
D. Barclay, who was born in New Jersey 
March 1, 1798, daughter of Rev. David Bar- 
clay, and like himself was cultured and ac- 
complished. She was considered one of the 



most gifted women who ever lived in Jefferson 
county. Dr. Jenks had about completed ar- 
rangements to go to Europe to continue his 
medical studies in one of the universities when 
he was persuaded by his father-in-law, Rev. 
David Barclay, to join him as one of a little 
colony of pioneers about to settle in the wilds 
of Jefferson county, in western Pennsylvania. 
In 1 81 8 Dr. Jenks came out to this region with 
several others of the party and built a cabin, 
besides making a few other improvements nec- 
essary for the reception of their families. Dr. 
Jenks and Rev. Mr. Barclay purchased 327 
acres of land at what is now Punxsutawney, 
brought their families out in 1819, and laid out 
the borough within a short time. Dr. Jenks 
was the first physician here, and his coming 
was welcomed by the early settlers, but they 
were so few and scattered that he could not 
depend upon his profession for a livelihood, 
and he took an active part in the material de- 
velopment of the country and in the adminis- 
tration of the local government. His versatile 
ability and high character made him a very 
valuable leader in the new community, and if 
he did much to promote the advancement of 
the borough and county his services were 
highly appreciated, and he had the gratitude 
and affection of the entire population, com- 
manding a degree of personal esteem unusual 
even in the days when it was possible for so 
many of his fellow citizens to know him by 
direct contact. His cabin was the first within 
the original borough limits. In 1824 he and 
Rev. Mr. Barclay erected a gristmill on Elk 
run. a short distance above Punxsutawney; 
he had learned to tan hides and had the first 
tannery in this section : he was also interested 
in a sawmill and a general store, and his in- 
dustry and practical activities were an incen- 
tive to all in the neighborhood. Dr. Jenks 
was one of the first associate judges of the 
county, appointed in 1830, and serving most of 
the time thereafter until he died ; he was elected 
a member of its first board of commissioners 
in the fall of 1824; and filled other offices 
with honor and good judgment. As a physi- 
cian he was beloved and respected in every 
home. He had a very sociable and hospitable 
nature, and his home was freely opened to all 
comers. 

Dr. Jenks was one of the leading spirits who 
assisted Rev. Mr. Barclay in the organization 
of the Presbyterian Church afterwards known 
as the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 
These two men donated to the borough the 
burial place known as the old graveyard, and 
.here Dr. Jenks and his wife are buried. He 



38 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



continued the practice of medicine until his 
health failed, and died in 1850. Mrs. Jenks 
survived him, but was sorely afflicted by the 
news of the death of her son, Charles D. Jenks, 
who died in 1849 on his way to California. A 
letter came to his mother describing his death 
and burial in the ocean, and she never recov- 
ered from the shock. The Masonic blue lodge 
of Punxsutawney was named in honor of Dr. 
Jenks, and he and his clever wife were long 
remembered as charming people whose noble 
Christian character was a powerful elevating 
influence in this section throughout a long 
period. Of the large family born to this couple 
several upheld the illustrious traits of their 
parentage. One son and one daughter died in 
childhood. David Barclay, the eldest child, 
born in 1815 or 1816 in New Jersey, graduated 
from Washington ( Pa. ) College, read law, and 
was admitted to the Jefferson county bar at the 
December term of court. 1835. '' e became 
a successful lawyer of this section, but died 
rather suddenly May <>, 1848, when just at the 
commencement of a promising career. The 
birth of Phineas \Y., the second child, was in 
1819 and he was the first white child born at 
Punxsutawney, where lie became a leading 
citizen. He studied law with his brother, and 
became one of the foremost members of the 
bar in Pennsylvania; he also had excellent 
business talents, built a tannery and owned 
considerable land. William P., the next child, 
born May 27, 1821, also read law with his 
elder brother, and became an eminent mem- 
ber of the bar, serving as president judge of 
the Eighteenth Judicial district of Pennsyl- 
vania, which comprised Jefferson, Clarion and 
Forest counties, from 1872 to 1882; he was 
also a member of the State Legislature. John 
W.. Jr.. born July 13, 1823, and Charles D., 
born March 21. 1825, were next in the family. 
Mary C. born April 26, 1829, became the wife 
of fudge I. G. Gordon; she was a woman of 
brilliant intellectual attainments. Joseph died 
.11 the age of sixteen years; Sarah died aged 
fourteen years; James D., born April 19, 1834, 
went West at an early day, was colonel of 
an Iowa regiment in the Civil war, and later 
went out to Montana: he died Dec. 20, 1915. 
the last surviving son of the family. George 
A., born March 26, 1836, the most talented 
member of this exceptional family, was one 
of the brainiest lawyers of his generation in 
this country, and took part in some of the 
sharpest legal battles waeed during his time. 
He served one term in Congress, during the 
seventies, "and achieved the greatest success 
in the same length of time of any member of 



that body except Henry Clay." He took part 
in the celebrated Belknap impeachment trial 
before the Senate, was the leading attorney on 
the Democratic side before the electoral com- 
mission in the Tilden-Hayes contest in Feb- 
ruary, 1877, and was solicitor general during 
Cleveland's first administration. He was dis- 
tinguished as having recovered more govern- 
ment land illegally held by corporations than 
any other man who held that office up to 
his time. 

John W. Jenks, Jr., was born July 13, T823, 
in Jefferson county, and read medicine in his 
early life, but never followed the profession to 
any extent, preferring a business life. He 
owned and operated a tannery which was one • 
of the prosperous industrial plants at Punx- 
sutawney in his active years, giving most of- , 
his attention to its management. Though pos- 
sessed of notable ability and executive capacity, 
he cared nothing for the glory of conspicuous 
service, but led a quiet life, in the course of 
which he made many friends. He married 
Eliza Richey, a native of Armstrong county. 
Fa., who died Aug. 17. 1897, after several 
years' illness, having never entirely recovered 
from the effects of a stroke of paralysis in 
1893. 

William Jenks, son of Dr. John W. (Jr.) 
and Fliza (Richey) Jenks, was born at Punx- 
sutawney, and was admitted to the bar of 
Jefferson county Dec. 11, 1893. 

HON. WILLIAM JAMES McKNIGHTJ 
M. D., was born and raised in the town of 
Brookville, Jefferson Co., Pa., the date of his 
birth being May 6, 1836. Thrown upon his 
own resources when a boy, at an age when 
little was expected of a youth, by his own in- 
domitable will, push and determination ( which 
were marked characteristics in his early boy- 
hood) he rose from the humble and obscure 
farm laborer and "printers' devil'' to a position 
and prominence which few men attain, carving 
out for himself a name and tame in the annals 
of bis profession, town, county and State, to 
which bis descendants and his friends can 
always point with pride. 

Dr. McKnight is recognized as one of the 
prominent, influential and well-to-do citizens 
of bis section, one who has always taken an 
active and beneficial interest in the advance- 
ment of town, county and State, a man who 
has always held his word as sacred as his 
bond : one who has taken a great interest in the 
uplifting of mankind, and who has never wil- 
fully misused or wronged his fellow man. 
This sketch is taken largely from an article 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



39 



which appeared in the Brookville Republican 
of March 24. iSy". Dr. McKnight's parents 
were Alexander and Mary (Thompson) Mc- 
Knight, the father dying when \V. J. was but 
thirteen months old. Before his marriage 
Alexander JMcKnight served about two years 
in the United States army. The Doctor re- 
ceived a limited education in the common 
schools. When he was about eleven years of 
age he was thrown upon his own resources, 
and began the struggle of life. For five years 
he lived and worked upon a farm. At the age 
of sixteen he began teaching school and work- 
ing in the office of the Jefferson Star, learning 
the printer's trade. Two years later he began 
reading medicine under Dr. A. M. Clarke, of 
Brockwayville, and held a position as composi- 
tor on the Elk County Advocate. During the 
next three years, by practicing such economy 
as is rarely thought of by the young man of 
the present day, he had saved enough money 
to enable him to take a single course of med- 
ical lectures at Cincinnati, Ohio, during the 
winter of 1856-57, and in March following 
( 1857 ) he began the practice of medicine in his 
native town. In the autumn of 1857 he prac- 
ticed with and under Dr. A. M. Clarke, until 
the fall of 1859, when he formed a partnership 
with Dr. Niver, of Brockwayville. which was 
terminated four years later after they had 
established a large and extensive practice. In 
1863 Dr. McKnight returned to Brookville, 
where he opened a drug store on Oct. 8th, 
carrying on the same in connection with his 
practice, and which, together with his son, 
J. B.. he still operates under the firm name of 
McKnight & Son. It is the oldest store in 
point of continuous management in Jefferson 
county. On Aug. 4. T862, Governor Curtin 
appointed the Doctor examining surgeon for 
Jefferson and Forest counties. He was also 
appointed, and served for seven years, as 
United States pension surgeon, but other duties 
made it necessary for him to resign this posi- 
tion. Fie served as private and orderly ser- 
geant in Company G, 57th United States 
Emergency Regiment ; was promoted to quar- 
termaster sergeant, and took part in the cam- 
paign against Morgan. In 1869 he attended 
lectures in Philadelphia and received the de- 
gree of M. D. He afterwards attended two 
full courses in succession at Jefferson Medical 
College. Philadelphia, Pa., from which institu- 
tion he was graduated in March, 1884. and the 
same year received a degree from the school of 
anatomy and surgery. In 1885 he took a post- 
graduate course at Jefferson College. 

Dr. McKnight's political activities began 



when a boy. In 1876 Jefferson county Repub- 
licans presented him for State senator, and 
Indiana county Republicans presented Dr. St. 
Clair, Indiana and Jefferson counties form- 
ing the Thirty-seventh Senatorial district. 
Three conventions were held without a nomi- 
nation, when for the good of the party, to save 
the Congressional nominee of Indiana, and 
to secure harmony among the voters, Dr. Mc- 
Knight in a most magnanimous and manly let- 
ter withdrew from the contest. In 1880 Jef- 
ferson county Republicans again presented Dr. 
McKnight as their choice, and Indiana county 
Republicans presented George W. Hood. 
After a three days' convention of delegates 
from the two counties, no nomination being 
agreed upon, a second conference was held 
with no result. Another meeting was held at 
which Gen. James S. Xegley, of Pittsburgh, 
acted as umpire, when Dr. McKnight was 
nominated , he was elected at the polls and 
served in the Senate from 1881 to 1885. The 
Doctor took a very active part in all public 
measures brought before the Senate during 
his term of office. He was the author of sev- 
eral very important bills, and through his con- 
servative and practical business methods were 
enacted a number of needed reforms whereby 
the Commonwealth was saved several hun- 
dred thousand dollars per annum. Honesty 
and economy with the people's money was his 
slogan. His reform in printing public docu- 
ments saves the State forty thousand dollars 
a year. Fie advocated and secured the first 
additional appropriation under the new Con- 
stitution to the schools of one hundred and 
twenty-five thousand dollars ; advocated the 
furnishing of schoolbooks free by the State 
to all the schools : and free schools in fact — ■ 
school tax abolished, schools to be maintained 
and supported by the State. The attention he 
called to careless auditing brought into the 
State one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. 
He carried through a reform in the commence- 
ment of borough and township offices. He 
took an active interest in the wards of the 
State and gave a hearty support to the soldiers' 
orphans' schools, advocating justice to the 
soldier, his widow and his orphan. In 1881 
he originated, incepted and introduced a bill 
providing for the classification of the insane, 
and advocated that the expense of their sup- 
port be paid by the State. He originated and 
introduced a number of valuable reforms that 
fell for want of time. He pushed through the 
Senate in t88i the bill authorizing counties 
to refund their bonds at a lower rate of in- 
terest This bill saved Jefferson county sev- 






40 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



eral thousand dollars. He originated, agi- 
tated and pushed through the Senate bill No. 
ii", entitled An Act For Promotion of Med- 
ical Science, by the distribution and use of un- 
claimed human bodies for scientific purposes, 
through a board created for that purpose, and 
to prevent unauthorized uses and traffic in 
human bodies, which was approved and signed 
June 1 8, 1883. This law has now been en- 
acted in nearly every State in the Union. He 
supported and voted for the following laws: 
The law of 1881, Act No. 21, which provides 
proper means of conveyance of persons in- 
jured in and about the mines, to their homes : 
Act No. 54. 1881, '"To provide the means for 
securing the health and safety of persons em- 
ployed in the bituminous coal mines of Penn- 
sylvania" ; Act No. 173, 1881, "To secure to 
operators and laborers engaged in and about 
coal mines, manufactories of iron and steel, 
and all other manufactories, the payment of 
their wages at regular intervals and in lawful 
money of the United States" ( this law regu- 
lates and prevents the excessive profit on mer- 
chandise) : law of 1883. Act No. 16, "To pro- 
vide for voluntary tribunals, to adjust disputes 
between employers and employed" : Act No. 
46, 1883, "To protect the miners in the bi- 
tuminous coal regions in this Commonwealth" 
(this law secures the miner pay for all clean 
coal mined by him without regard to size : 
makes seventy-six pounds of coal a bushel and 
two thousand pounds a ton ; requires all cars 
to be branded and uniform in size ; creates the 
office of check weighman and defines his 
duties) : Act No. 48, 1883. which now com- 
pels props and timber to be furnished: Act 
No. 97, 1883, creating a mining boss and de- 
fining his duties, providing for cut-throughs 
and holes for shelter, bore holes, printed rules, 
safety lamps, board of examiners, etc., also 
for six bituminous mine inspectors instead of 
three, and also for two mining engineers ; Act 
No. 104. 1883. "For the better protection of 
the wages of mechanics, miners, laborers and 
others" (this law gives the laborer preference 
against insolvent companies or debtors). 

In a speech advocating reform in the Sen- 
ate, March T4, 1883. Dr. McKnight used these 
words, "and now. Mr. President, to further 
assist in the public good, to promote honest 
government and purify the public service, I 
would make all offices in both State and na- 
tion, except the merest clerkships, elective by 
the people. I would elect postmasters, col- 
lectors, marshals, and especiallv United States 
senators." His zeal and enterprise gained for 
him State celebrity, as well as reflecting much 
credit upon his ability and statesmanship. 



In 1884 Dr. McKnight and G. W. Hood 
were again pitted against each other for the 
nomination. The established usage of the 
party entitled Dr. McKnight to a second term, 
especially as Indiana county had had the sen- 
ator for sixteen out of twenty years, and all 
acknowledged that he had served with honor 
and credit to his district, his constituents and 
himself. He was regularly and fairly renomi- 
nated at a party conference in Indiana, but 
was defeated at the polls by Hood, who ran 
as an independent candidate. 

Dr. McKnight has been a bituminous coal 
operator since 1895, opening and running the 
Toby Valley Coal Company, and also the Mc- 
Knight Coal Company, which is still 1 in iiji^ 1 
in active operation. 

As a writer Dr. McKnight is the author of 
"My First Recollections of Brookville, Pa.." 
"Recollections of Ridgway, Pa.," also of the 
"Pioneer History of Jefferson County, Pa.. 
[755-1844," "A Pioneer Outline History of 
Northwestern Pennsylvania." embracing four- 
teen counties, and of "Pioneer Sketches of the 
Cities of Allegheny. Beaver, DuBois and To- 
wanda, Pa." And now. in 1916, as director 
and vice president o'f the National Dank of 
Brookville, Pa., merchant, coal operator, 
writer and author, he is still active and has 
found time to write and complete this history. 

Dr. McKnight married Penelope Goddard 
Clarke, Jan. 9, i860, and they celebrated their 
golden wedding Jan. 9, 1910. Seven children 
were born to this union, four of whom are 
now living, viz. : Amor Archer, who was 
twice elected city auditor of Denver, Colo. : 
Mary Adaline. wife of H. H. Kennedy: Jay 
Byron; and Bonnie, the wife of George R. 
Matson. All reside in Brookville. Tennie died 
when four years, three months old, the two 
others in infancy. A further and more com- 
plete biography will be found in this history, 
under the celebration of his store's fiftieth an- 
niversary, in the Brookville chapter. 

Fraternally Dr. McKnight is a Mason, Odd 
Fellow. Pythian, Redman. Artisan. Granger 
and Grand Army man. He was entered in 
Hobah Lodge, No. 276, F. & A. M.. Brook- 
ville, Nov. 28, 18(14, passed Jan. 16. 1865, 
raised Feb. 17, 1865, and made an honorary 
member Dec. 10, 1894. Religiously he was 
baptized and reared a "P>lue Stocking" Presby- 
terian. 

MrKXIGHT FAMILY. Alexander and 
Isabella ( McBride ) McKnight, ancestors of 
the McKnights of Jefferson county. Pa., were 
natives of County Down, Ireland. Thev mi- 
grated to Franklin county, Pa., about the year 




^A^^W^ 



BORN JUNE9.101O -DIE! 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



41 



1790, and Alexander McKnight followed agri- 
cultural pursuits there. In 1795 he removed 
to and located on the farm now known as the 
McKnight farm, on Crooked creek, in Wash- 
ington township, Indiana Co., Pa. The family 
of this couple consisted of six children, two 
sons and four daughters, viz. : Alexander, Jr., 
born Dec. 5. 1786 ; James ; Elizabeth, who mar- 
ried Alexander McNutt ; Alice, who married 
John Ross: Isabella, who married Joseph 
Shields; and Margaret, who married David 
Cummins. 

Alexander McKnight, Jr., the younger of 
the two sons, was married Dec. 5, 1816, to 
Susannah Cummins, and they continued to oc- 
cupy the old McKnight farm, his death occur- 
ring July 30, 1821, hers on April 26, 1836. 
They had two children : William C, born 
Jan. 17. 1819. and Tames A., born March 20, 
1821. The elder. Hon. William C. McKnight, 
was elected to the Pennsylvania Legislature 
from Indiana county for the years 1846-47, 
and in 1852 moved to Franklin county, this 
'State, where he engaged extensively in real 
estate dealing and farming, becoming wealthy. 
He lived in retirement for fifteen or twenty 
years before his death, which occurred Sept. 
5, 1892. Mr. McKnight was a man of fine 
presence and rare intelligence. On Dec. 1(1. 
1845, he married Louisa H. Davison, who 
died Aug. 25, 1854. His second marriage, 
which took place April 5, 1859. was to Mary 
Bell Patton, who survived him, but is now de- 
ceased. Hon. William C. McKnight had three 
children: (1) James A., born June 3, 1849, 
became a lawyer of some distinction and was 
a legal partner of Hon. William S. Stenger. 
On Oct. 2F, 1875, he married Louise P>. Lind- 
sey, who at his death, April 9, 1888, survived 
him with two children, Mary Louisa and Eliza- 
beth. (2) William C. Jr., was married Oct. 
25, 1881, to Gertrude L. Xead, and died- May 
28, 1883. ( 3 ) Maggie B. died unmarried April 
9, 1885. 

lames A. McKnight, vounger son of Alex- 
ander McKnight, Jr., died Oct. 18. i88q. He 
purchased the old homestead, and lived there 
until his death. Mr. McKnight was an in- 
tellectual man, particularly well versed in 
Latin. Greek and mathematics. He was one 
of the organizers of the Farmers' Bank of 
Indiana. Pa., and was its president until De- 
cember. 1888. when he resigned because of 
poor health and poor sight. On March 13. 
18G2, he married Eliza Jane Callen, who died 
Jan. 25, 1866, aged thirty-one years, the mother 
of two children: Mary Callen, born Feb. 4, 
1863, an d Hugh Alexander, who died in child- 
hood. On July 4, 1876, Mr. McKnight mar- 



ried ( second ) Emeline S. Callen, who survived 
him with his daughter Mary. 

James McKnight, elder son of Alexander 
McKnight, Sr., and his wife Isabella (Mc- 
Bride), located in the town of Indiana, Pa., 
where he filled a number of offices creditably, 
being an excellent scholar. He was the first 
burgess for the new borough of Indiana in 
1816 and reelected to the office for the year 
1817. He had been commissioners' clerk for 
the years 1S07 and 181 r, and county treasurer 
for the years 1811-12. He and Rev. John 
Jamie son were two of the thirteen trustees 
of the fndiana Academy, which was incor- 
porated March 28, 1814, and James McKnight 
was elected treasurer. He died at Indiana, Pa., 
May 14. 1819. aged about forty-one years. 

On May 25, 1807, Mr. McKnight married 
Jane McNutt. who died Aug. 15, 181 1. and 
who was the mother of two children : William, 
born May 5, 1808, who died June 9, 1830, in 
Blairsville, Pa. : and Alexander, born June 9, 
1810. On Nov. 19, 1812, he married (second) 
Jane McComb, by whom he had three chil- 
dren, James, Jr., John and Jane. John died 
in infancy. James McKnight. Jr., born Sept. 
9, 1813, moved to Texas when a young man 
and became a prominent resident of Galves- 
ton, where he was elected mayor. Losing his 
health, he died in South America while on a 
visit, when forty years old. His sister Jane 
accompanied him to Texas, and first married 
Colonel Sandusky, who was secretary to Gen. 
Sam Houston, the first president of the Texas 
Republic. Her second husband's name was 
\\ albridge, and during her later years she lived 
with her daughter, the wife of Dr. Jones. 

Alexander McKnight. second son of James 
and Jane (.McNutt) McKnight, born June 9, 
1810, married. May 10, 1831, Mary Thomp- 
son, daughter of William Thompson and 
granddaughter of Rev. John Jamieson. They 
had three children: Amor Archer, born May 
19, 1832 ( see biography elsewhere in this 
publication) ; Nancy Jane, born in Brookville, 
who died in childhood : and William fames, 
born May 6, 1836 (see biography elsewhere). 
Alexander McKnight died in June, 1837, aged 
twenty-seven years. His widow married John 
Templeton. Esq., on Dec. 28, 1842, and by that 
union had three children: Thomas L., late 
of Brookville, Pa. : Jesse J., who died in the 
war for the Union : and Oscar J., who died in 
childhood. Mrs. Mary Thompson (McKnight) 
Templeton died Feb. 22, i860. 

Alexander McKnight located in Brookville 
in November, 1832. He was highly educated, 
taught school here, and lived in the old jail 
(built in 1831, see Volume I), acting as janitor 



42 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



of the building. This old building had wooden 
doors and big iron locks. For safety the 
prisoners were usually shackled and hand- 
cuffed, and they were fed on "bread and 
water." When recaptured, escaped slaves 
were lodged in county jails and shackled for 
safety. While in the army Colonel McKnight 
contracted ague and was discharged, but the 
disease shook him into lingering consumption, 
from which he died. At the time he was 
treasurer of Jefferson county. For other de- 
tails of his local services the reader is referred 
to Volume I. Colonel McKnight was a man 
of fine presence, strict integrity, and popular 
with the masses, 

JUDGE CHARLES CORBET. A citizen 
of Jefferson county who is well upholding the 
prestige of a name which has been significantly 
honored in the history of this favored division 
of the Keystone State, and who has made, by 
distinctive personal accomplishment, a place of 
his own in the civic, economic and professional 
affairs of the county, is Judge Charles Corbet, 
a representative member of the bar of this sec- 
tion of the State, and now President Judge 
of the courts of the county, which composes 
the Fifty-fourth Judicial district of the State, 
apposition which he entered upon for a period 
of ten years on the 3d of January, 191(1, his 
election amply testifying to the estimate placed 
upon him by the people of his home county. 
As an influential and loyal citizen, lawyer 
and official, he merits specific consideration in 
this publication. On other pages is dedicated 
a memoir to his honored father, the late Col. 
William W. Corbet, to which reference may 
be made for more of the family record. 

Judge Corbet was born in W'ayne township, 
Armstrong Co., Pa., on June 6, 1851, at which 
time his parents were temporarily residing at a 
place then and since known as McCrea*s Fur- 
nace, a name given in honor of his maternal 
grandfather, the late John McCrea, who is the 
subject of an individual memoir appearing 
elsewhere in this work. Judge Corbet was 
still an infant at the time of his parents' return 
to their home in P.rookville, and here he 
availed himself in due time of the advantages 
afforded in the public school, supplemented by 
some private instruction. Alert and ambitious, 
while serving a clerkship in their office he be- 
gan reading law under the effective preceptor- 
ship of Hon. Isaac G. and Alec L. Gordon, 
partners as Gordon & Brother, the senior 
member later becoming Chief Justice of the 
Supreme court of Pennsylvania. With char- 
acteristic energy Judge Corbet devoted him- 
self to his technical studies, and, after thor- 



oughly grounding himself in the principles of 
jurisprudence and practice of law, he proved 
himself eligible, upon examination, to mem- 
bership in the bar of Jefferson county, to 
which, on attaining to the age of twenty-one 
years, he was admitted in the year 1872. That 
his professional novitiate was of brief dura- 
tion is indicated by the fact that on the 14th of 
October of the following year he was elected 
District Attorney of Jefferson county. He 
assumed the duties of that office in December 
following, and continued therein until the first 
Monday of January, 1877. At the same elec- 
tion at which he was chosen District Attorney, 
Hon. Isaac G. Gordon was elected a member 
of the Supreme court of the State, and A. L. 
Cordon immediately tendered Judge Corbet 
a partnership with him in the law business, 
Gordon & Corbet succeeding Gordon & 
Brother. This mutually agreeable and effec- 
tive alliance continued until the death of Mr. 
A. 1.. Gordon, in 1885. Judge Corbet very 
soon made a fine record as a trial lawyer of 
much versatility and resourcefulness, and 
laid the foundation for the high reputation 
which he has since maintained in his chosen 
and exacting profession, which he has digni- 
fied by his character and achievements. From 
the death of A. L. Gordon until his elevation 
to the bench. Judge Corbet conducted a large 
and representative individual practice, except 
for a period of five years, during which the 
Hon. George A. Jenks and he were associated 
as partners. His connection with the Jeffer- 
son county bar has been long and honorable, 
covering a period of nearly half a century. 
His broad and exact knowledge of the law, 
combined with his sterling attributes of char- 
acter, marked him as the most eligible of the 
candidates for judicial honors, with the result 
that on November 2, 1915, he was, as already 
mentioned, elected President Judge of the 
county and district. His administration is 
fully attesting the wisdom of the popular 
vote, and sustains the high estimate placed 
upon him in the county which has been his 
home from childhood. 

On the 20th of February. 1877, Tudge Cor- 
bet was elected a member of the borough coun- 
cil of Brookville, and in that position served 
one term with characteristic fidelity and effi- 
ciency. With all loyalty he has entered fully 
into the communal life of the borough of 
Brookville, and is known for his civic liberal- 
ity and progressiveness. He has served con- 
secutively as a member of the directorate of 
the National Bank of Brookville since Jan- 
uary T2. 1886. and since January 14, 191.3, he 
has held the office of president of this stanch 



i 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



43 



financial institution, a position in which he 
succeeded William Dickey. In the time- 
honored Masonic fraternity he has received 
the thirty-second degree of the Ancient Ac- 
cepted Scottish Rite, in the consistory at Wil- 
liamsport ; at Altoona he is affiliated with Jaffa 
Temple, of the Ancient Arabic Order of the 
Nobles of the Mystic Shrine ; and his York 
Rite affiliations are as here noted : Hobah 
Lodge, Xo. 276, Free & Accepted Masons, and 
Jefferson Chapter, No. 225, Royal Arch 
Masons, at Brookville; and Bethany Com- 
mandery, No. 83, Knights Templar, at DuBois, 
Clearfield county. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church of Brook- 
ville, of which he has been a trustee for many 
years. 

On Sept. 26, 1876, was recorded the mar- 
riage of Judge Corbet to Mary A. Darrah, and 
they have since maintained their residence at 
Brookville. where their attractive hojne is 
known for its generous hospitality, with Mrs. 
Corbet as its gracious and popular chatelaine. 
Thev have four children : William Wakefield 
and Darrah. sons, are in business and reside 
in the city of Seattle, Wash. ; Jessie R. is the 
wife of Harry M. Curb, of Philadelphia, Pa.; 
Mary, who graduated with the class of 1916 in 
Smith College, is at home. 

Mrs. Mary A. (Darrah) Corbet was born 
at Brookville, and is a daugfiter of Edward 
H. and Hannah J. (Clark) Darrah. 

COL. CHARLES McLAIN was a resident 
of Brookville for several years before he- 
offered his services to the Lmion army during 
the Civil war, in which he gave up his life, and 
his name is justly honored in Jefferson county 
as one of her citizens who did their full share 
in proving her loyalty in that critical time. 
Two of his brothers were also in the Union 
army. Their father, Joseph Wiley McLain, 
died Jan. <). 184(1, at Clarion, Pa., and their 
mother, Emily (Alford), passed away Sept. 
29, 1850; she is buried at Indiana, Pa. Of 
their seven children, John A. was born April 
6, 1829; Charles, May 23, 183 1 ; Andrew B., 
Oct. 14, 1833; Sarah J., March 3, 1837; Joseph 
Wiley, July 14. 1840; Mary Emily, Sept. 17, 
1843 ! Albert Post died Sept. 29. 1850, the same 
day as his mother. John A. McLain took part 
in the Civil war as first lieutenant of Company 
B, 105th Pennsylvania Regiment ; he died at 
Milan, Ohio. Andrew B. McLain was adjutant 
of the 135th Pennsylvania Volunteers. 

Charles McLain was born May 23, 183 1, in 
Indiana county, and obtained his education in 
the district schools of the home neighborhood. 
He learned the trade of harnessmaker and 
saddler, at which he was occupied through- 



nut his active years, setting up in business on 
his own account at Brookville, and continuing 
successfully until he went into the army at the 
breaking out of the Civil war, in which he 
served under three enlistments. The first, in 
1861, was for nine months, as a member of 
Company B, 135th Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Infantry, of which he was made first lieuten- 
ant. Having completed that term he reenlisted 
for six months, on July 23, 1863, becoming 
captain of Company B, Independent Battalion. 
When he offered his services the third time he 
went to the front as captain of Company B, 
211th Pennsylvania Infantry, in which capacity 
he was very popular with both his superior 
officers and the men of his command, by whom 
he was held in affectionate regard for his con- 
siderate solicitude for their welfare. His close 
attention to every duty, and his keen sense of 
responsibility, won him the unbounded esteem 
of all his comrades, and his untimely death 
was sincerely mourned. On April 1, 1865, he 
was promoted to lieutenant colonel, and the 
next day, on Sunday morning, April 2d, he met 
bis death while leading his men to victory at 
the siege of Petersburg. A committee of sol- 
diers was appointed to take charge of the re- 
mains, and to make arrangements for the 
funeral, which was held April 30th, the inter- 
ment being in the Brookville cemetery, where 
he was laid to rest with full military honors. 
When the news of his death reached Brook- 
ville, a meeting of the citizens was held and 
resolutions were passed which gave evidence 
of the high esteem of his townsmen, and con- 
tained expressions of heartfelt sympathy for 
his family. 

Colonel McLain had married, Sept. 27, 1853, 
Mary Harris, who was born Nov. 23, 1831, at 
Clitheroe. England, came to America with her 
parents, and died at Brookville March 19, 1915, 
surviving her husband almost fifty years. 
Three children were born to this marriage: 
Ellen Harris, born June 23, 1855, died Oct. 
22, 1879 ; Anna Emily and Charles Grant sur- 
vive. 

Anna Emily McLain was born Feb. 23, 1857, 
and received her early education at the Sol- 
diers - ' Orphans' School at Dayton, Pa., later 
attending the Millersville State Normal School 
in Lancaster county. Pa., where she prepared 
for the teacher's profession. She taught for 
one term in Elk county and one term in Jeffer- 
son county. For a number of years she has 
been engaged in dressmaking and the millinery 
business in Brookville, where she resides at the 
old homestead, and is active in everything 
affecting the welfare of the borough, where 
she has made many friends. 

Charles Grant McLain was born May 15, 



44 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



1865, at Brookville, a few weeks after his 
father's death, and when four years old went 
to live with his maternal grandfather, Thomas 
Harris, in Pinecreek township, Jefferson 
county. When a boy of eight he was sent to 
the Soldiers' Orphans' School at Dayton, Pa., 
where he remained six years, and during the 
next two years was at the Pennsylvania Mili- 
tary Academy, Chester, Pa., following with 
two years' study at the Polytechnic College of 
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, where he took up 
civil and mining engineering. He followed 
his profession until about the time of his mar- 
riage, when feeling that his health would be 
benefited by farm life he settled on a farm in 
Ringgold township, a tract of 160 acres to 
whose cultivation he devoted himself for many 
years, developing his property into one of the 
finest in that section. He made a great success 
of agriculture, but for the last several years 
has combined the scientific study of that pur- 
suit with his profession, having taken a posi- 
tion with the Pennsylvania Department of 
Agriculture Aug. 1, 1913, as drainage engineer. 
He makes his home in Brookville. but his duties 
take him all over the State. His long practical 
experience fits him thoroughly for this work, 
which he finds highly interesting as well as 
useful. Air. McLain is a member of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church of Brookville, and of 
Hobah Lodge. No. 276, F. & A. M., and Jeffer- 
son Chapter, No. 225, R. A. M. ; and William 
Clyde Camj), No. 31, S. of Y. 

On May 4, 1803. Mr. McLain was married 
at Punxsutawney to Laura E. Zeitler, who was 
born there May 25, 1868. and died July 19, 
1913. She was a member of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church of Punxsutawney, later 
being confirmed as a communicant of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church of Brookville. 

Thomas and Ellen (Whittaker) Harris, par- 
ents of Mrs. Mary (Harris) McLain, were 
natives of England, the father born June 29, 

1805, in Lancashire, the mother born Oct. 22, 

1806, in Yorkshire, England. They came to 
America in 1842. landing March 14th at New 
York City, and first located in Philadelphia, 
where they lived for seven years. In April, 
1849, they came to Brookville. where they re- 
mained until T851, after which they lived on a 
farm in Pinecreek township. Mr. Harris spent 
his years here in agriculture, having given 
up his trade of plasterer, which he followed 
in his native country and in Philadelphia, be- 
cause of his health. He died June 1, 1888. his 
wife preceding him to the grave Jan. 17. 1878. 
They were Episcopalians. 

SMITH M. McCREIGHT, of Reynolds- 
ville, has made the legal profession his prin- 



cipal calling in life, but true to his birth and 
family precedents his activities have not been 
circumscribed either by the exactions of that 
profession or the ambitions appertaining to his 
private interests. Hence he has at various 
times assumed some! of the responsibilities of 
public affairs. His busy, versatile mind has 
found many paths to usefulness entirely com- 
patible with his daily pursuits, an indication 
of the broad character which has won him the 
confidence of all classes in his community. 

Mr. McCreight is a representative of one of 
the old families in his section of Jefferson 
county, his grandfather, Andrew McCreight. 
having come to Winslow township in 1832 and 
purchased a tract of land two miles south of 
what is now Rcynoldsville. He made his living 
as the pioneers usually did, cutting the lumber 
from his land and putting the soil under culti- 
vation as the work of clearing advanced, im- 
proving the farm later owned by his son 
Thomas, and now (1916) by the latter's sons. 
James M. and Everett L. McCreight. He mar- 
ried Ann Sharp, a member of the family which 
founded Sharpsburg. Pa., and both died upon 
their homestead in Winslow township. Mr. 
McCreight in 1861, aged seventy-four years, 
eight days, and Airs. McCreight. in 1858, aged 
sixty-three years', eight months, eight days. 
They were buried on their farm. Their family 
consisted of thirteen children, namely : James. 
Sharp (born Jan. 10. 1815). Sarah. Joseph, 
lohn (born July II, 1821), Ann, Jane, Polly. 
Thomas S., Smith, Nancy, Jamison and 
Hannah. 

Thomas S. McCreight, son of Andrew and 
Ann (Sharp) McCreight. was born April 25. 
1830, in Armstrong county. Pa., and being a 
voting child when he accompanied his parents 
to Jefferson county spent practically all his life 
on their homestead in Winslow township, of 
which he eventually became owner. It com- 
prised 150 acres in his day. and was in a profit- 
able state of cultivation under his management. 
During his boyhood he had such advantages 
for education as the district schools afforded, 
attending them during the winter season, his 
services being required on the farm in the sum- 
mer time. For twenty-five years he followed 
lumbering as well as farming, but from the 
early nineties devoted all his time to agricul- 
ture, in which he was notably successful, so 
much so that he was considered an authority 
on such matters in his home county. Keen and 
farsighted, he had most intelligent ideas on 
manv questions of extreme importance to 
farmers, and their high opinion of his ability 
was attested in his election as president of the 
Tefferson County Agricultural Society and of 
the Tefferson County Live Stock Insurance 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



45 



Company. In both capacities he accomplished 
good work for the benefit of the farmers of 
his locality. He died Aug. 25, 1907. 

When occasion demanded Mr. McCreight 
was ready to make personal sacrifices to show 
his public spirit, and accordingly, in 1862, he 
enlisted in Company B, 135th P. V. I., for nine 
months' service, faithfully performed. He al- 
ways adhered to the doctrines of the Republi- 
can' party. In 1869 he married Frances P. 
McKee, of Bell township, this county, who was 
born March 13, 1847, daughter of David and 
Matilda J. (Chambers) McKee, who had a 
family of six children. Mr. and Mrs. McKee 
were natives of Center and Clarion counties, 
Pa., respectively. Mrs. McCreight continues 
to live at the old homestead. Of her eight 
children, Smith M. is mentioned below ; 
Thomas E. is deceased ; James M. lives on the 
home place; Ida Ethel is assistant postmaster 
at Reynoldsville ; Mary A. is the wife of Frank 
Sadler, of Sykesville; Cora B. is at home; 
Everett Lloyd lives on the old home place ; Al- 
berta G. is deceased. Mrs. McCreight holds 
membership in the United Presbyterian 
Church, with which her husband was also 
associated. 

Smith .M. McCreight was born at the old 
McCreight homestead Sept. 28, 1869. After 
attending the local schools he went to the State 
Normal School at Indiana, Pa., and to Grove 
City College, graduating from the latter insti- 
tution in 1803. After teaching for two terms 
he entered the office of Carmalt and Strong, 
attorneys, with whom he read law, gaining ad- 
mission to the Jefferson county bar in 1898, 
since which year he has been in practice at 
Reynoldsville. Mr. McCreight's professional 
experience has brought him into touch with the 
workings of a number of local enterprises, and 
he has interests in several, chief among these 
being the People's National Bank, of ReynohN- 
ville, of which he is a director, and the Rey- 
noldsville Electric Light & Power Company, 
of which he is secretary. 

As a public official he has giveTt valuable 
sen-ice to the town, as postmaster (for five 
years, appointed by President Taft), borough 
solicitor (for several years) and member of 
the school board, in every capacity doing his 
duty as he interpreted it. along the broadest 
lines. Politically he is aligned with the Re- 
publicans. He affiliates with the local organi- 
zations of the B. P. O. Elks and Knights of 
Pythias. 

Mr. McCreight married Nettie G. Amend, 
of Westmoreland county. Pa., and has three 
children : Mary Jane, Elizabeth A. and Fran- 
ces P. 



PARKER PARSON BLOOD. The late 
Parker P. Blood was a pioneer business man 
of Brookville, where he long wielded large and 
benignant influence in civic development and 
where his name is held in enduring honor. 
Special interest attaches to his career by reason 
of his being a son of the late Col. Cyrus Blood, 
who was one of the foremost figures in the set- 
tlement and development of this section of 
the state and became a resident of Jefferson 
county when it was little more than a forest 
wilderness. Colonel Blood, who served as 
county surveyor of Jefferson county in pioneer 
days, was the virtual organizer of Forest 
county, which was segregated from Jefferson 
county, in 1848, and was the founder of what 
was known as the Blood settlement, in Jenks 
township, Jefferson county, a district now in- 
cluded in Forest county, of which latter he was 
the first associate judge. Colonel Blood, a man 
of strong mental and physical powers and of 
resolute purpose, was well fitted to become a 
leader in a pioneer community, and his name 
and works are a part of the history of this 
opulent section of Pennsylvania. By a pecu- 
liar and unusual mental functioning he was on 
many occasions enabled to direct his course 
with remarkable prescience and divination. In 
fact it was principally in consonance with the 
revelations of a vivid dream that he was in- 
duced to leave his old home in Maryland, his 
birth having occurred at Hagerstown, and es- 
tablish a home in the wilds of western Penn- 
sylvania. He made his way to Jefferson county 
and here he visualized in a material way many 
of the scenes and conditions that had been re- 
vealed in his dream, with the result that he 
heeded the voice of prophecy and, in 1833, 
founded a settlement twelve miles beyond any- 
other community in this part of the state. He 
cut a road through the forest to afford access 
to his location, about twenty families having 
planned to join him in the new colony. The 
normal progress of events was stopped, how- 
ever, by an epidemic of cholera in the part 
of Maryland where the most of the colonists 
were then residing. His Wonderful suscepti- 
bility to impressions again assumed prominence 
at this stage in his career, for while he was 
vigorously at work in the forest he became 
imbued with the inexorable idea that his pres- 
ence was greatly needed at his old home. Fol- 
lowing his intuition, he started on horseback to 
make the long and weary journey back to Hag- 
erstown, and upon his arrival he found that 
many of his prospective colonists were suffer- 
ing from the dread cholera, one being his 
brother, Parker P. The plans of the colonists 
were abandoned, but Colonel Blood's determi- 



46 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



nation to become the forerunner of civilization 
in western Pennsylvania did not waver. He 
returned to what is now Forest county and pre- 
pared to assume the heavy burdens of the pio- 
neer. His wife, a southern woman of culture 
and refinement, found life in the wilderness 
intolerable. So great was her depression that 
she yielded to the imperative call born of for- 
mer associations and returned to her southern 
home. Undaunted by this greatly deplored 
action on the part of his wife, though sym- 
pathizing with her attitude, Colonel Blood 
found measurable relief from sorrow by pro- 
jecting himself heart and soul into achieving 
the object to which he had dedicated himself. 
The present and future generations shall owe 
to this indomitable spirit a debt of apprecia- 
tion and honor, for he was one of the founders 
and builders of what is now an opulent and at- 
tractive section of the old Keystone state. He 
died at Marienville, Forest county, in the year 
i860, and this history of Jefferson county may 
well accord to his memory a passing tribute. 

Parker P. Blood was born in Maryland, 
where he was reared and educated. In 1852 
he became a member of a corps of engineers 
making a railroad survey through this section 
of the state, and in the winter of 1852-53 en- 
gaged in teaching school in Clarion county.. In 
the following spring he established his resi- 
dence at Brookville, and became associated 
with Kennedy L. Blood, a brother, in establish- 
ing and conducting a drug store. He became 
a leading business man and influential citizen 
and in 1856, under the administration of Pres- 
ident Buchanan, was appointed to succeed bis 
brother Kennedy as postmaster of Brookville. 
In i860 he associated with Samuel Craig in a 
general merchandise business, and after the 
death of his partner continued the enterprise 
until 1870, when he retired therefrom. Later 
he engaged in the implement and livery busi- 
ness, which after his death was purchased by 
William Divler, long associated with him. Mr. 
Blood survived his wife about six years, left no 
children and passed to the life eternal on the 
1 2th of March, 1912; a citizen whose character 
and achievement made him one of the most 
revered and valued men of Brookville, where 
his name shall lie held in lasting honor. Mrs. 
B.lood was Virginia Booher, daughter of John 
B'ooher, a wagonmaker of Brookville. She' 
was the youngest of three sisters, all deceased. 

P. LOT BROWN is one of the numerous 
Brown family of old and honorable standing 
at Bells Mills, where his father, Henry Brown, 
had extensive property holdings and carried on 
his principal business operations. The nine 



sons of Henry Brown who attained maturity 
have been, in their turn, among the most cap- 
able business men of their generation in Jeffer- 
son county, though some of them have ex- 
tended their interests into wider fields, with 
equally favorable results. Initiative, self-re- 
liance, clear judgment and confidence have 
been distinguishing traits of all these Browns, 
whose connection with the industrial advance- 
ment of this section has been decidedly bene- 
ficial in character and reflects creditably upon 
the progressive disposition they have shown. 
The early history of the family is given in full 
in the sketch of David Fisher Brown, of Punx- 
sutawney, brother of P. Lot Brown. 

P. Lot Brown received his education in the 
schools of Bell township, and was trained to 
lumbering and farming from his earliest years, 
working with his father in the woods and at 
the mill. In 1903 he became associated with 
his brother Ward F. Brown in lumbering oper- 
ations in Jefferson county, and in 1905 they 
turned their attention and energies to similar 
work in West Virginia, where they were ex- 
tensively engaged until 19 12. Now their prin- ' 
cipal interests in this line are in North Caro- 
lina, where they operate as members of the 
firm of Brown Brothers, composed of David 
F., Ward F., Peter L., and George C. Brown. P. 
Lot Brown owns a farm in Bell township ad- 
joining the old homestead, but he makes his 
home in the borough of Punxsutawney, where 
he is connected with the County National Bank 
as a director, his brother W. J. Brown being 
president of that institution. He is duly inter- 
ested in various local activities, belonging to 
the Odd Fellows lodge and the Country Club. 
and is at present serving as a member of the 
borough council, taking a real share in pro- 
moting the administrative efficiency of the town 
government. 

Mr. Brown married Margaret Grube, 
daughter of John R. (irube, of Bell town- 
ship, and they have had seven children: 
Nellie, wife of Rev. Meade Dougherty, a 
Me'hodist minister, of Cloe, Bell township 
(they have one daughter) ; Ned L. ; Madeline, 
Mrs. Newell Bidewell, living at Homer 
City, Indiana Co.. Pa.; Katherine, now a 
student at the Indiana (Pa.) State Normal 
School; Martha, studying at Beaver. Pa.; 
Louise, and James Grube. 

Ned L. Brown, eldest son of P. Lot 
Brown, was born in Bell township, Jefferson 
county, July 20, 1889. He attended public 
school at Cloe and at Elkins, W. Ya., and 
graduated from the Reno business college at 
Pittsburgh, subsequently clerking for his father 
and uncles at Eskota, N. C, where he re- 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



47 



mained for four years, having charge of the 
store owned by the Brown Brothers Lumber 
Company. He then came to Punxsutawney, 
and on Dec. i, 1916, bought out the well 
known clothier, M. H. Morris, the store, which 
is located in the Pantall block, being now con- 
ducted under the name of Ned L. Brown & 
Co. He carries a full line of men's wear. 
Socially Mr. Brown is a Mason, affiliating with 
Burnsville Lodge, No. 192, F. & A. M., of 
Burnsville, N. C. ; with the chapter and com- 
mandery at Minneapolis, N. C. ; and Kerbela 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Tennessee. He 
married Ada B. Cottle, daughter of George 
Cottle, of Harper, West Virginia. 

BERNARD KLEIN, a venerable resident 
of Brookville, has lived in Jefferson county 
from youth and for many years has had a wide 
reputation in the lumber business, to which all 
his active years were devoted. In the course 
of a notably successful career he was connected 
with one of the foremost concerns in that line 
in this section of the State, whose operations 
during a long period were an important item 
in the lumber trade in western Pennsylvania. 
Since his retirement some years ago his valu- 
able interests have been handled by one of his 
sons, all of whom have given evidence of pos- 
sessing inherited capacity for important af- 
fairs." Though Mr. Klein is one of the oldest 
retired business men at Brookville and has 
withdrawn from active participation in the life 
of the borough, he keeps closely in touch with 
her progress, to which he has contributed a 
generous share. He is a native of Germany, 
born April [3, 1828, son of Warnerd Klein, 
who brought his family to America when his 
son Bernard was about fourteen years old and 
settled in old Allegheny City, Pa. The father 
spent his latter years in Brookville, where he 
died, lie had two sons: Cornelius, who died 
unmarried ; and Bernard. 

Immediately after his arrival in this country 
Bernard Klein found employment at lumber- 
ing in Jefferson county. It proved to be his 
life work, for by the time he had acquired 
some experience he was ambitious to enter the 
trade on his own account, and he and his part- 
ners controlled an appreciable share of the 
operations in their section for a number of 
vears. He was one of the firm of Carrier, 
Verstine & Klein, and later was associated with 
Bernard Verstine under the name of Verstine 
&• Klein, remaining in this connection until his 
retirement, in 1Q04. He makes his home at 
Brookville. As a pioneer lumberman of this 
region he is familiar with the history of its 
development for three quarters of a century, 



and his own honorable part in the work has 
gained him the goodwill and esteem of all 
his contemporaries, either in business or in the 
other relations of life. His sturdy character 
was an influence for good wherever his activi- 
ties took him. 

In 1850 Mr. Klein was married, in Clarion, 
Pa., to Mary DeSmet, who died March 22, 
iyo<j, after considerably more than half a cen- 
tury of wedded life. They reared a large fam- 
ily, viz.: John, the eldest, is deceased; Albert 
C, born in 1859, died Nov. 14, 1892; Matilda, 
born in 1861, died in 1864; Annie Agnes, born 
in 1863, died May 26, 1909 ; Ella May, born in 
[865, died July 14, 1909; James Bernard, born 
in 1867, married Lillian Clouse, daughter of 
Andrew Clouse, and they reside in Brookville; 
Rosalia, born Oct. 9, 1869, is unmarried and 
resides at home; Delia P., born Nov. 26, 1871, 
is the wife of J. B. Shaffer, and is living at 
Charleroi, Washington Co., Pa. ; Joseph E., 
born in 1873, died April 4, 1898; William Ed- 
ward, born May 19, 1875, died June 5, 1897; 
Norton A., born Oct. 29, 1880, married Matilda 
Wittman, and they have two daughters, Gene- 
vieve and Mary Margaret. Norton A. Klein 
resides at home with his father and sister Rosa- 
lia, and is engaged in looking after his father's 
interests. He is a young man of integrity and 
upright character, and has the confidence of a 
constantly widening circle of acquaintances. 

John Ki.kin, eldest son of Bernard Klein, 
was born Sept. 2, 1855. in Jefferson county, 
Pa., and had such early advantages for 
education as the home locality afforded. He 
had a thorough training in the lumbering 
business in its various branches, being em- 
ployed with his father in the woods and 
at the sawmill, and he also engaged in 
the manufacture of shingles. Entering the 
<ild Red Mill at Brookville, he followed 
the milling business there for a time, subse- 
quently purchasing the old Jefferson Milling 
Company's plant at Brookville, which he con- 
ducted until his death. It is still owned by 
bis widow. -Mr. Klein passed away in his 
prime, dying at Brookville Feb. 1, 1905, and 
liis untimely decease was sincerely regretted 
in Brookville and the various other localities 
where he had become well and favorably 
known to all who had dealings with him. He 
was a member of the Roman Catholic Church, 
which he supported liberally, as he did every 
other good enterprise in the town. His word 
and means were always ready in the encour- 
agement of any movement which promised 
to bring about wholesome changes in the 
community 

Mr. Klein manied Elizabeth Gooder, and 



48 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



the following children were born to them : 
Dora, wife of Hugh F. Lynch ; May ; Ambrose, 
who is engineer at the Klein mill ; Lawrence, 
also employed at the mill; Rosalia, now en- 
gaged as a clerk in the James M. Canning es- 
tablishment at Brookville ; Bernard John ; 
Clare, who died Dec. 29, 191 5, at the age of 
eighteen years; Vincent; and Frances. Mrs. 
Lynch took charge of the mill after her father's 
death and has since conducted it for her 
mother. The plant is one of the successful in- 
dustrial institutions of Brookville. Mr. and 
Mrs. Lynch have four children, all daughters: 
Mary, Marguerite, Josephine and Gertrude. 

Thomas and Elizabeth ( Endres ) Gooder, 
parents of Mrs. Elizabeth Klein, came to the 
United States from Germany and settled at 
Brookville, Jefferson Co., Pa., where he fol- 
lowed the trade of stonemason. He died in 
1876, his wife in 190 1. They had four chil- 
dren : Thersa, deceased : Elizabeth, widow of 
John Klein ; Edward, a jeweler, of Reynolds- 
ville, Pa. ; and Albert, deceased. 

Albert Gooder, late of Brookville, who died 
April 23, 1 9 1 1 , was truly one of the most es- 
teemed residents of that borough. He was 
born there in June, 1866, was educated in the 
parochial schools, and when a youth entered 
the McKnight drug store, with which he had 
been connected for twenty-seven years at the 
time of his death. After long and faithful 
service as an employe he became a member of 
the firm of McKnight & Son, and at the time 
of his death was associated with J. B. Mc- 
Knight in the management of their extensive 
interests, for which responsibility he had 
proved himself fully capable. He had all the 
substantial qualities 'necessary to business suc- 
cess, and also the geniality, courtesy and kind- 
ness which won and kept the friendship as 
well as the patronage of customers, there hav- 
ing been few citizens of Brookville who had so 
many devoted friends there. Modest and un- 
assuming, and devoted to his work, Mr. 
Gooder found in pursuing the simple round of 
duty so many opportunities for gracious acts 
that even those who came into only occasional 
contact with him were attracted by his sincere 
amiability. We quote from two newspaper ar- 
ticles which appeared in the Brookville papers 
at the time of his death illustrating this feel- 
ing: "In Mr. Gooder's death the community 
loses a man faithful to every trust — a business 
man whose word was truth, whose every deal- 
ing with his fellow man was honorable and 
just; a citizen who was ever ready to do his 
part in any work of usefulness ; a husband and 
father whose whole heart was in his home and 
the happiness of those dependent upon him."' 



The second article referred to was in part 
as follows : "A most extraordinary tribute was 
paid to the memory of the late Albert Gooder 
when practically every business house in 
Brookville closed its doors, and the active busi- 
ness and professional men of the community to 
the number of over one hundred attended the 
funeral services over his remains in a body. 
Nor did the tribute end with the presence of 
Mr. Gooder's business associates, but from 
every walk of life came young and old, of 
every religious faith and creed, to lay their 
measure of respect at the feet of the departed. 
The outpouring of the people was not the re- 
sult of organized effort, but a spontaneous 
voicing of the grief of the community in the 
death of one of its best beloved. . . . The 
life of the departed had been unostentatious. 
He craved no place of prominence in the com- 
munity, nor sought the seats of power. Others 
had won more distinction, still others taken 
from the marts of trade greater monetary re- 
wards of service. His was a life lived in an 
ordinary way — unselfishly devoted to the com- 
mon labors of mankind — and he asked only the 
•common things of life for himself, and com- 
mon comforts for his own. Yet in his death 
was proved the innate power of the simple life 
to melt the hearts of men. In the presence 
of the Grim Reaper men looked upon the calm 
face of Al. Gooder and realized that there are 
greater things than wealth and power and 

fame After all it is not faith nor 

creeds nor sacraments that are the test of life 
and win the victor's crown in death, but the 
act of so living, in daily communion with one's 
fellow men, as to earn their approval and 
esteem." 

Mr. Gooder passed away in his prime, after 
but a few days' illness, and was buried in the 
Catholic cemetery at Brookville. Fie was a 
member of the Immaculate Conception 
I hurch. 

In October, 1898, Mr. Gooder married Ger- 
trude Bothuyne. who survives him with the 
seven children born of this union: Thomas,. 
Charles, lames, Toseph, Albert, Richard and 
Mary. 

WILLIAM: DICKEY, late of Brookville. 
belonged to that class of representative citi- 
zens whosfle sterling worth and fidelity to duty 
make them valued acquisitions to the com- 
munity of which they are a part. Born Dec. 
14, 1832, in Jefferson county, a few miles from 
Brookville, Mr. Dickey was a son of Matthew 
and Elizabeth Ann (Templeton) Dickey. His 
father was born in County Derry, in the North 
of Ireland, in 1800, and came to America in 




/^£a^*^^ ^f?> <Ls/L 



y 



r 



T , T r 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



49 



1817. His mother was a native of Rich Hill 
(now called Templeton), Armstrong Co., Pa. 
Full of the vigor of youth and with five hun- 
dred dollars to start him on life's journey, 
Matthew Dickey invested his money in coal 
land in Armstrong county, where he was en- 
gaged in school teaching. In about 1831 he 
took up his residence in Jefferson county, Pa., 
where, in connection with his educational 
work, he also followed farming and merchan- 
dising, opening a store in Brookville in 1833, 
and another in 1852. Every trust reposed in 
him was faithfully performed, and he was 
honored by all who knew him when he died in 
1882, at the venerable age of eighty-two years. 
His estimable wife passed away in 1887. One 
son, David, a resident of Brookville, still sur- 
vives them. 

William Dickey acquired his primary edu- 
cation in the old-time log schoolhouse, where 
he mastered the elementary branches of learn- 
ing. Subsequently he pursued his studies in 
the academy in Brookville, and still later at- 
tended a select school at that place. His ini- 
tiation into business life was obtained through 
clerking in his father's store. After working 
in that way for about five years, his father 
established him in a mercantile business in 
Dpwlingville (Baxter), this county, where he 
remained two years, after which he went to 
Troy (Summerville), being there engaged in 
merchandising for a similar period. Return- 
ing then to Brookville, he conducted a store 
here for a quarter of a century. In 1865, in 
association with George H. Kennedy and M. 
M. Meredith, Mr. Dickey opened a general dry 
goods store in Brookville. In 1866 Mr. Mere- 
dith sold out to Dr. J. H. Wick. In January, 
i860, Dr. Wick retired, but Messrs. Dickey 
and Kennedy continued the business until 
187S, when they sold out to M. W. Dickey. 
From the time he gave up the mercantile busi- 
ness Mr. Dickey devoted his energies to his 
lumber investments, being one of the leading 
lumber merchants of Jefferson, Elk and For- 
est counties. The foundation of his large for- 
tune — he was generally considered the wealth- 
iest man in Jefferson county — was laid in this 
industry, which was really his chief interest 
throughout life. 

William Dickey was elected a director of the 
National Bank of Brookville Aug. 1, 1891, 
elected president of the bank Nov. 11, 1893, 
and resigned Oct. 31, 1912, resignation ac- 
cepted Jan. 14, 1913. His death occurred Jan. 
10, 1917, in his eighty-fifth year, while he was 

on a visit to the home of his daughter, Mrs. 
4 



Maxwell, in Pittsburgh. He had been ill since 
Christmas. 

On May 22, 1856, Mr. Dickey was married 
to Miss Mary A. Douthett, a daughter of Rev. 
William Douthett, at that time a minister of 
Allegheny (now called the North Side of Pitts- 
burgh). They had six children who reached 
maturity, namely : Matthew W., a lumber 
merchant of Tennessee, residing at Johnson 
City; William W., who is engaged in the same 
business in Pittsburgh, Pa. ; Ada M., widow of 
John Means, a prominent merchant of Brook- 
ville; Lula M., wife of Frank K. Brown, of 
Clarion; Myrtle H., wife of L. Benton Long, 
of Ridgway, Pa.; and Mary E., wife of Dr. 
Wilson Maxwell, of Pittsburgh. The mother 
died April 28, 191 1. 

Mr. Dickey served in the war of the Re- 
bellion as first lieutenant of Company B, 57th 
Pennsylvania United States Emergency Men, 
and took part in the capture of Morgan. The 
war chapter of this work shows a complete 
history of the operations of the regiment. He 
was mustered in July 3, 1863, discharged Aug. 
17, 1863., Matthew Dickey, Sr., and his son 
William were both conductors on the Under- 
ground Railroad for Jefferson county. 

Mr. Dickey, with his family, was a faithful 
member of the United Presbyterian Church, 
and his funeral services were held in the 
Brookville Church. From the time he cast 
his first presidential vote, for John C. Fre- 
mont, in 1856. Mr. Dickey was a stalwart sup- 
porter of the Republican party, and was heart- 
ily in sympathy with its present policy, being 
an advocate of sound money and protection 
to American industries. The world instinc- 
tively pays deference to the man who has won 
prosperity by honorable methods and untiring 
industry. Such was the career of William 
Dickey, and he well deserves mention among 
the leading citizens of Jefferson county. For 
the last thirty-four years Mr. Dickey had spent 
his winters in California. 

FRANCIS C. SMATHERS, M. D., one of 
the best known physicians of southern Jeffer- 
son county, is a son of Dr. W. J. Smathers, the 
pioneer doctor at DuBois, Clearfield county, 
who is as well known in the adjoining section 
of Jefferson county as in his home territory. 
His maternal great-grandfather. Dr. W. N. 
Sims, was an early physician at Smicksburg, 
Indiana county, so that he had a record of 
achievement in professional work in this region 
to live up to. It is but fair to say that the de- 
votion to duty which made them so popular and 
highly regarded has animated him in his work. 



50 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



His services have been of distinct value in the 
advance of medical science in this county, for 
he is one of those progressive practitioners who 
endeavor to follow the most approved modern 
principles, both in his attendance upon private 
patients and his activities in behalf of the gen- 
eral welfare. Dr. Smathers makes his home 
at Big Run, but he finds it more convenient to 
maintain his office at Punxsutawney. 

The Smithers, Smethers or Smathers family 
is of English stock. The original form of the 
name is Smithers, but it is spelled with either 
of the first three vowels of the alphabet and 
sometimes o or u in America. The first mem- 
bers of the family in this country, Robert and 
Jacob Smithers, came to America from Lan- 
cashire, England, about 1767. Both were then 
unmarried, aged twenty-one and eighteen 
years respectively. Robert settled in Delaware 
and Jacob, from whom Dr. Smathers is directly 
descended, settled in Luzerne and Columbia 
counties, Pa., on the north branch of the Sus- 
quehanna river, convenient' to where the fol- 
lowing towns now are : Berwick. Nescopeck, 
Beach Haven, Shickshinny and Salem. There 
he married a German woman. He was a sol- 
dier in the Revolutionary war, during which 
he had one of his hands shot off by an Indian. 
His grandson. Christian Smathers. great- 
grandfather of Dr. Francis C. Smathers, mar- 
ried Susanna Harriger, like himself a native 
of Luzerne county, and they spent their entire 
married life in Clarion county. Pa. Their son, 
John Smathers. the grandfather, was born in 
Clarion county Jan. 4, 1828. and grew to man- 
hood there. On Jan. 31. 1850, he was married, 
in Jefferson county, to Ann Jones, who was 
born March q, 1829, and they settled in Jef- 
ferson county in 1852, making a permanent 
home there. Mr. Smathers was a farmer and 
stock dealer, buying stock extensively all over 
the county, and was well known in his day. 
He died Aug. 25. 1895, and his widow contin- 
ued to reside on the homestead until her death. 
May 10. 1915. They were the parents of five 
sons: Wilson Jones; M. F.. a farmer of Jef- 
ferson county : Winfield Scott, formerly a 
merchant at Worthville, who moved to Clarion. 
Pa., in 1901, was elected sheriff of Clarion 
county in tqoq, and died Feb. 11. 1913, while 
serving in that office; J. C, who engaged in 
farming at North Point, Indiana county; and 
Charles E., who remained with his mother on 
the home farm. 

Wilson Jones Smathers, M. D., was born 
March 28, 1851. near Greenville, in Clarion 
county, Pa., and spent his boyhood on his 



father's farm. He began his education in the 
local public schools, pursued his higher 
studies in the Union Academy at Dayton, Pa., 
which he attended for three and a half years, 
and in the winter of 1870-71 taught at Fair- 
view, Jefferson county. In the spring he be- 
gan the study of medicine with Dr. R. B. 
Brown, of Summerville, this county, and in the 
fall of 1 87 1 matriculated at Jefferson Medical 
College, Philadelphia, graduating from that in- 
stitution March 12, 1873. Having chosen 
DuBois as his field of practice he located there 
Tune 20, 1873, and there his interests have 
centered since. The settlement then consisted 
of not more than twenty-six families, known 
as Rumberger; the nearest post office, Jeffer- 
son Line, was four miles away, and the Alle- 
gheny Valley railroad to the town was not com- 
pleted until the next year, passenger trains 
being first run in the fall of 1874. Indeed, when 
he located here it was in the forest, with 
no officers of the law, no schoolhouse, 
no churches, no government of any kind, 
no streets except the public roads running from 
Tefferson Line through Rumberger to Beech- 
woods, and another road starting at this place 
running in an easterly direction, striking the 
pike at Goodlanders, four miles distant. The 
roads were poor and could only be traveled on 
foot or horseback, which made his work extra 
hard during the early years when his practice 
took him into the country a good deal, often 
twenty miles or more up the creek, into the 
logging camps. It was some years before an- 
other physician came to the town, and mean- 
time he took care of a large and constantly in- 
creasing practice, whose demands grew heavier 
yearly as the region became settled and de- 
veloped. DuBois is now the most important 
city in the county, and Dr. Smathers has taken 
part in its growth and has found his own in- 
terests expanding accordingly. He has held a 
foremost place in his profession throughout the 
forty years and more of his practice, and has 
been a leader in its various activities. He 
joined other influential physicians in the organ- 
ization of the DuBois Academy of Medicine in 
September, 1894, and became its president, 
holding that position for several years. When 
the local board of health was organized, in 
1893, he became president, and acted in that 
capacity until June, 1896, when he resigned to 
accept the position of school director, shortly 
afterwards becoming president of the board. 
The first board of pension examining surgeons 
at- DuBois was established Aug. 11, 1897. and 
he was one of the appointees, and upon the" 
organization of the board he was made treas- 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



51 



urer of that body. He has served as secretary 
of the pension examining board from 1904 
until the present time. It was through his labor 
and efforts that the board of health of DuBois 
(Pa.) was established, maintained and made 
progressive, and he served on that body the 
second time from 1901 to 1916, and was the 
secretary and health officer during this time. 
He is a member of the Clearfield County Medi- 
cal Society, Pennsylvania State Medical So- 
ciety, and of the American Medical Associa- 
tion. As may be judged by the numerous hon- 
ors shown him, Dr. Smathers is as highly es- 
teemed by the members of the profession as he 
is by his large circle of patrons, and for years 
he has been greatly respected as a consulting 
physician. Socially he holds membership in 
the Improved Order of Heptasophs. and has 
been examiner for that fraternity. He was one 
of the promoters of the Citizens' Mutual 
Building & Loan Association, organized in 
1889, wrote the bylaws of that institution, and 
served as a director many years. In fact, there 
are few phases of the life of the community 
in which his influence has not been felt, and 
he has been found invariably on the side of 
law, order and progress. 

On July 22, 1875, Dr. Smathers was mar- 
ried, at Smicksburg. Indiana Co., Pa., to 
Maggie C. Fulton, who was born in that county 
Feb. 16, 1851, daughter of Samuel M. and 
Frances L. (Sims) Fulton, the former born 
in Center county, Pa., the latter at Wheeling, 
W. Va. Her grandmother on the paternal side 
was a Mattern, related to the Matterns and 
Grays of Half Moon Valley. Center Co.. Pa. 
Dr. William Neal Sims, grandfather of Mrs. 
Smathers, was born April 27, 1798, and died 
March (>. 1S72. Through his uncle, Samuel 
S. Neal. of Kittanning, Pa., he located at 
Glade Run in 1831, and nine years afterwards 
moved to Smicksburg, Indiana Co., Pa., being 
the pioneer physician there as he had been at 
Glade Run. " Samuel M. Fulton settled in 
Indiana county at an early day. and died there 
April 26, 1896, aged eighty-one years, Mrs. 
Fulton surviving him two years ; her death 
occurred April 19, 1898. Mr. Fulton was a 
Union soldier for two years during the Civil 
war, serving in the 78th Pennsylvania regi- 
ment. Of the eleven children born to Dr. and 
Mrs. W. J. Smathers six are deceased, the 
others being: Francis C, Margaretta, John 
Marion Sims. Bessie Fulton and Dorothy 
Ruth. 

Francis C. Smathers was born March 23, 
1878, at DuBois. where he spent his youth, 
acquiring his early education in the public 



schools. He was the first native-born boy of 
DuBois to graduate from the following insti- 
tutions : DuBois high school, DuBois Business 
College of that place. Clarion ( Pa.) State Nor- 
mal School ( 1899), Grove City (Pa.) College 
I mjoi ), and Jefferson Medical College, Phil- 
adelphia, where he was admitted to advanced 
standing, graduating therefrom in 1905. He 
spent one year at the Adrian Hospital, Punxsu- 
tawney, in further preparation for private 
practice, eventually settling at Big Run, this 
county, where he has since had his home. For 
several years he also practiced from that point, 
but after spending eight months of the year 
191 ] in Philadelphia, taking specialties, on his 
return opened an office in Punxsutawney, 
where he finds the larger part of his work. 
Now he is again associated with the Adrian 
Hospital, as pathologist. Roentgenologist and 
gastro-enterologist. Dr. Smathers is a member 
of the County and State Medical Societies, of 
tl>e American Medical Association, and of the 
Roentgen Ray Society of Central Pennsylvania 
(charter member of the latter), and keeps in 
touch with their work, as well as that of sim- 
ilar bodies wherever he finds enterprises afoot 
which have beneficial purposes. 

Dr. Smathers married Bess M. Kearney, 
daughter of James Kearney, of Brockwayville, 
Jefferson county. They have had three 
daughters: Marian Elizabeth. Mary Frances 
and Helen Louise. 

GEORGE W. MILLER, the vice president 
of the Citizens' National Bank of Big Run, has 
effectively upheld the honors of a family name 
which has been prominently and worthily 
linked with the history of this section of Penn- 
sylvania for more than three fourths of a cen- 
tury. His own right to a place as one of the 
substantial citizens of his native county needs 
no further voucher than the fact that he has 
been identified actively with the affairs of the 
Citizens' National Bank of Big Run from the 
time of its organization, in 1890, to the 
present. Of the charter members of this pros- 
perous and ably managed financial institution 
only one other is now living, Isaac Pifer, who 
was one of the original stockholders and who 
still retains his stock in the bank. The first 
president was William Irvin, and Adam Miller 
was chosen the first vice president. Dr. A. P. 
Cook became the second president of the insti- 
tution, and in 1901 he was succeeded by George 
W. Miller, who continued to serve as its chief 
executive until 1912, since which time Charles 
H. Irvin has been president, while Mr. Miller 



52 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



has continued a valued member of the execu- 
tive corps in the capacity of vice president. 

Mr. Miller was born in Henderson township, 
this county, on the ist of January, 1850, and 
the old homestead is not far distant from 
Troutville. in the adjoining county of Clear- 
field, lying adjacent to the line dividing the 
two counties. He is a son of John George and 
Anna Marie ( Wise ) Miller, both natives of 
Germany, the father having been born in Wur- 
temberg and the mother in Bavaria. The father 
of John G. Miller never came to this country, 
and John G. was twenty years old when he 
came to Jefferson county in 1838 with his 
brother John M. Miller. — the brothers settling 
on adjoining pioneer farms in Henderson 
township. John M. Miller there met his death 
in an accident, when he was fifty-three years 
of age. Adam and Barbara Wise, the ma- 
ternal grandparents of George W. Miller, set- 
tled in the same neighborhood about the year 
t8_io. and both attained to venerable age, Mr. 
Wise having been eighty-two years old at the 
time of bis death. His old homestead farm is 
now owned by his grandson. Milton Wise, a 
son of Adam Wise. Jr. 

The marriage of John G. Miller and Anna 
AT. Wise occurred in Jefferson county in 1841, 
and they began housekeeping on the land 
which he eventually developed into a produc- 
tive and valuable farm. He had previously 
been a skilled blacksmith in a steamship yard 
in New York City, and he obtained his land 
in Jefferson county from one of his brothers 
to whom he had lent a considerable amount of 
money and who made payment by this means. 
He developed a farm of 118 acres, having re- 
claimed to effective cultivation about sixtv-five 
acres of the tract, which was heavily timbered 
when it came into his possession. Here he died 
at the age of seventy-seven years, one of the 
honored pioneers of the county, and his widow, 
who attained to the venerable age of eightv- 
seven years, passed the closing period of her 
gentle and gracious life in the home of her son. 
George W. Miller. They had but two chil- 
dren. Adam and George W. 

Adam Miller was born June 27, 1843. and 
was reared and educated in Jefferson county. 
He assisted in the reclamation of his father's 
farm, became associated with lumbering oper- 
ations in this section of the State, and finallv 
went to South Carolina, where he remained 
about five years and became engaged in lumber 
manufacturing on an extensive scale. The ulti- 
mate result of the enterprise was somewhat 
disastrous to Mr. Miller, however, his asso- 
ciates permitting him to bear the entire burden 



of maintaining the business. He bought a 
good farm in Henderson township, where he 
remained a prosperous agriculturist until the 
late eighties, when he removed to the borough 
of Big Run. There he became the first vice 
president of the Citizens' National Bank, and 
his death occurred at that place on the ist of 
October, 1915. 

George W. Miller acquired his early educa- 
tion in the public schools and continued his as- 
sociation with the activities of the home farm 
until he had attained to the age of twenty-two 
years. He was obliged to go a distance of 
three miles from his home to the little district 
school, which he attended only when his aid 
was not in demand to assist with the work of 
the farm. His father finally sold his original 
farm and purchased what was known as the 
Philippi farm, George W. assuming the active 
management of this place and virtually becom- 
ing its owner soon afterwards. There he 
continued his farming and reclaiming activities 
for twenty years, clearing much of the land 
and erecting a number of farm buildings. He 
continued in the ownership of this excellent 
farm for twenty-two years, and in the mean- 
while had continued to be associated with the 
lumbering industry, his connection with which 
began when he was a young man. He was 
identified with lumbering operations in this 
section of the State for twenty-six years, and 
he was successful in his ventures in the pur- 
chase of timbered land, principally in the 
vicinity of Eleanor, this county, and in the fell- 
ing of the trees, many of which were hewed 
into square timber and rafted down the creeks 
and rivers to Pittsburgh. His farm proved to 
be underlaid with an excellent coal deposit, and 
he finally sold the property to the Buffalo, 
Rochester &• Pittsburgh Coal Company, at the 
rate of -one hundred dollars an acre, this com- 
pany having been engaged in coal mining there 
since 1889; the fine six-foot vein has yielded 
large financial returns. With ma'rked circum- 
spection Mr. Miller made careful investigations 
and invested his money in other coal lands, 
which he would later sell at an appreciable ad- 
vance. He still has in his possession about 
seven hundred acres of valuable coal land, in 
Jefferson. Clearfield and Indiana counties. He 
continued to be identified with lumbering until 
the supply of available timber in this locality 
was practically exhausted, in the early eighties. 
In Tanuarv, 1893. he established his home in 
the borough of Big Run, where he erected his 
present modern and attractive brick residence, 
and where his business affairs have since been 
centered, he being recognized as one of the 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



53 



leading citizens of this part of the county, 
with secure place in the popular confidence and 
goodwill. He has had naught of ambition for 
public office of any kind and has never con- 
sented to become a candidate for the same, 
though he is liberal in civic affairs. He has 
always had an abhorrence for the destroying 
of animate life, and thus has never had any 
inclination to hunt game, though reared in a 
locality where such diversion was much in 
vogue. He gives liberal support to the Re- 
formed Church, of which his wife is a devoted 
member. 

In the year 1893 Mr. Miller was united in 
marriage to Rachel Pifer. a daughter of Jonas 
and Elizabeth (Shetterly) Pifer, her father a 
sterling pioneer of Henderson township, where 
Mrs. Miller was born and reared. Eugene, the 
only child of Mr. and Mrs. Miller, died at the 
age of ten years, as the result of an attack of 
scarlet fever. 

JEREMIAH R. COOK, a venerable resi- 
dent of Barnett township, lives in the town of 
Cooksburg, named in honor of his father, who 
was one of the earliest pioneers in this part of 
Tefferson county. His home is sixteen miles 
"northwest of Brookville, on the Clarion river, 
where his parents settled in 1828, though John 
Cook had been interested in land hereabouts 
for several years previously. The last cen- 
tury has been one of the most wonderful in the 
development of the earth, and no one spot has 
more examples of the marvelous strides made 
during that period than western Pennsylvania. 
One hundred years ago it was a wilderness 
sparselv populated by white people, who had 
to forego even the rude civilization of the 
times when they took up residence here. 
Transportation of all kinds was slow and dif- 
ficult. Lumbering was the chief industry, be- 
cause the land had to be cleared before it could 
be plowed, and the settlers had to have some 
means of gaining a livelihood until the soil 
produced. Now all is changed. The forests 
have been so depleted that there is scarcely 
enough timber to supply the local demand, and 
the work of conservation has become necessary 
in order to remedy the reckless waste which 
went on during the early years. The agricul- 
tural and mining resources of the region have 
been thoroughly developed, other industries 
have been introduced to fill the wants of the 
inhabitants and provide emplovment for many 
hands, and modern conditions flourish on every 
hand. Mr. Cook is one of the few who have 
been spared to witness the thorough transmu- 
ta'ion which his section has undergone, and 



his recollections of its primeval state, and of 
the various stages of its development, are 
highly interesting. 

Born Jan. 3, 1829, in Beaver township, in 
what is now Clarion county. Pa., he was the 
youngest of the nine children of John and Su- 
san ( Helpman ) Cook, both of whom were born 
east of the Allegheny mountains, the father 
in Center county, this State. They were mar- 
ried in Clarion county, and lived for some 
years in Beaver township. Mr, Cook was a 
lumberman and farmer by occupation. About 
1826 he entered a tract of land at what is now 
Cooksburg. in Jefferson county, lying partly 
in Forest county and partly in Clarion county, 
at the point where the three counties adjoin. 
The site of the town was then known as Tom's 
Run, from an Indian who formerly lived there. 
It was all in the woods, the nearest settlement 
being five miles distant, at what is now known 
as Scotch Hill. He at once began to clear the 
unbroken forest. In 1828, having some land 
cleared and in wheat, and a shanty built, he 
moved his family into it. He had to follow a 
trail and make his own road ahead of him 
through the dense forest of pine and hemlock. 
He built a sawmill at the mouth of Tom's run 
and in 1830 began the lumber and boat busi- 
ness, floating his lumber and boats to market 
down the Clarion and Allegheny rivers, to 
Pittsburgh and Allegheny. Often he made the 
return trip in a canoe, bringing groceries and 
other necessaries for his family. He owned 
two mills on the run, and carried on the manu- 
facture of sawed lumber on an extensive scale. 
Mr. Cook died on the farm he had cleared and 
improved in 1858, when about seventy years 
of age, and was buried in the Cooksburg cem- 
etery, which he had established. Though a 
man of limited education he had strong men- 
ial and moral qualities, and his perseverance 
and industry enabled him to cope with the dif- 
ficulties of pioneer life very successfully. He 
was twice married, his first wife, Susan (Help- 
man ), dying in 1830, and being one of the first 
to be interred in the Cooksburg cemetery. In 
1832 he married Catherine Ritter, who sur- 
vived him, after his death marrying William 
Mayes. She died in 1872, and is buried in the 
Cooksburg cemetery. Jeremiah R. Cook is the 
only survivor of the large family born to the 
first union. His brother Philip, born in 1822, 
died in May, 1897 ; and his brother Anthony 
(known generally as Andrew), born in 1824, 
died Nov. 18, 1891. The latter was one of the 
most prominent citizens of this section of 
Pennsylvania in his day. Of the seven chil- 
dren born to the second marriage, three sons 



54 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



and four daughters, only two survive : Mary J. 
married William Henry, of Forest county, Pa., 
who had a farm on the Clarion river. Elijah, 
born April 19, 1835, became a leading farmer 
in Farmington township, Clarion county. Se- 
bastian married Sarah Morgan, of Forest 
county, and settled at Cooksburg. Sarah mar- 
ried John Lindsey, of Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
died leaving six children. Martha married 
Levi Snyder, of Farmington township, and 
had a family. Levanca married Wilford 
Slocum, of Farmington township, and died 
leaving one son, Frank. Squire S. H. married 
Emma Mays, by whom he had four children, 
and they made their home on his farm in 
Forest county. John Cook's old home at the 
village of Cooksburg is still owned by his 
descendants. 

Jeremiah R. Cook passed his early years at 
home working with his father, helping in the 
mill and with the clearing of the land until 
his marriage, when he was twenty-two years 
old. Then he lumbered for a year in company 
with his brothers, getting out square timber 
and building flatboats, which were run to 
Pittsburgh loaded with pig metal that was 
mined (by others) in Clarion county, a few 
miles below Cooksburg. The boats were sold 
at Pittsburgh for use in the Ohio river coal 
trade. Subsequently he was engaged in operat- 
ing on his own account, buying about three 
hundred acres covered with pine, chestnut and 
hemlock and clearing up one hundred acres on 
the hill, where his sons now live. He also 
bought and cut other timber, and in connection 
continued to carry on boat building and farm- 
ing and rafting, employing from five to ten 
men regularly. For a long time, however, the 
boat building formed his chief interest, as 
there was plenty of iron and lumber to load 
the boats, and he also dealt in produce, being 
interested in a store at Cooksburg, his various 
interests combining to make each other prof- 
itable. For several years he cut boat ma- 
terials principally, meantime rafting all that 
was suitable for square timber. ' He continued 
his lumbering operations until the year 191 1, 
when he retired after more than sixty vears' 
active connection with the business. Mr. Cook 
weathered a number of hard times periods 
when lumber was cheap and he had to work 
hard himself to get any returns. Then he had 
to hold lumber until prices advanced enough 
to pay for the investment, but on the whole 
he was successful, and he never allowed him- 
self to become disheartened through all his 
trials. He acquired about four hundred acres 
of land which he held, and has been able to 



give a farm each to two of his sons. He has 
occupied his present home at Cooksburg for 
sixty-three years. 

Mr. Cook has always kept track of the pro- 
gress of events in his locality, and has taken 
some part in the administration of township 
affairs, having for years served in such local 
offices as school director, tax collector, super- 
visor, etc., giving the same scrupulous atten- 
tion to such responsibilities as he would to his 
own interests. He has been a strong Republi- 
can in political sympathy practically all his life, 
though for a time he was inclined to Progres- 
sive doctrines. For forty years he has been 
associated with the L'nited Brethren Church, 
which he helped to build and which has always 
received his regular support. 

On Feb. 20, 1851, Mr. Cook married Julia 
Ann Agnew, who was born July 2, 1833, m 
Clarion county. Pa., daughter "of John and 
Ellen ( Bailey) Agnew, and was twelve years 
old when her parents settled in Jefferson 
county, near Cooksburg. Her father was 
reared east of the mountains, and came to west- 
ern Pennsylvania in young manhood. In 
Clarion county he married Ellen Bailey, then 
eighteen years old, who had been reared by a 
family named Youngs. After making a farm 
in Jefferson county Mr. Agnew returned to 
Clarion county, where his last years were 
spent, his death occurring when he was eighty- 
four years old. His wife Ellen died at the age 
of sixty-three years, and he subsequently mar- 
ried Mrs. Rebecca Walters, who survived him. 
Mrs. Cook has a brother, John Agnew, resid- 
ing in Barnett township ; he is a widower. 

Seven children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Cook: Wesley died in infancy; Amanuel M. 
lived on part of the old homestead near Cooks- 
burg (see mention elsewhere) ; Richard also 
owns part of the old farm ; Rose Zillie became 
the wife of Harry Custer, and died when 
thirty-three years old; Lincoln M. died in 
childhood ; Ellen A., Mrs. Robert Macbeth, 
lives at Cooksburg; Allison C. is in West 
Virginia, engaged in sawmilling. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cook celebrated the fiftieth 
anniversary of their marriage appropriately, 
and they have had the unusual privilege of 
passing their sixty-fifth anniversary. "Uncle 
Jerry" has, indeed, been remarkably favored 
with health and long life. A few years ago, 
under the title ''A Hardy Pioneer, One of 
the Survivors of a Bygone Era," the following 
appeared in a local paper concerning Mr. 
Cook: 

'"The moment you meet the stalwart old man 
his very visage and his homespun look appeal 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



55 



to you as having before you a splendid speci- 
men of the old-time backwoodsman. In fact, 
he is one of an extremely limited number now 
living of those who were born and raised in 
the shadows of our once mighty forests. From 
his home he can still see over forest areas as 
untouched and as primitive as when only 
Indians and wild beasts roamed those hills. 
In this respect his case is unique — he has abso- 
lutely no compeer. Like all old people, his 
mind wanders back to the things of his early 
history. When his people first settled Cooks- 
I mrg there was not at that time a road of any 
description nearer than five miles. After pro- 
viding a log oabin in which to live, the next 
work of his father was to build a small saw- 
mill, and then followed the work of opening 
out a road to Scotch Hill. Until land had been 
cleared and cultivated, the task of getting cer- 
tain necessaries of life by canoe from Pitts- 
burgh, when related, sounds to those of the 
present day like a story taken from the Arabian 
Nights. The canoes were homemade, being 
worked out of the bodies of large pine trees. 
Into one of these heavily constructed species of 
craft thereabouts a ton of provisions would 
be taken aboard, and then picture this being 
poled and towed upstream for a distance of 
one hundred and twenty miles by two men. 
For some reasons, in the earliest stages of 
this primitive life, canoes could not be got 
nearer than eight or ten miles of Cooksburg, 
thus compelling the hauling of the barrels of 
provisions overland by oxen and wagon. The 
road, scarcely bearing the imprint of a wagon 
track, that then descended into Cooksburg was 
so steep as to render any manner of locking 
of the wagon useless. Therefore, to make the 
long descent, the oxen were taken off the 
tongue and hitched to the hind axle, the driver 
then undertaking to guide the wagon by means 
of the tongue, depending on the oxen holding 
the wagon after the fashion of drawing a pair 
of cats by their tails. On one occasion, an 
accident having happened, a barrel of precious 
beverage was thrown off the wagon on the lar- 
board side of the hill, down which it rolled 
and jumped and thumped against rocks and 
trees for half a mile to the river below, where 
it was afterwards found whole and sound and 
as intact as had it been a rubber ball. 

"In all these hardships', as in our fancy we 
now picture them to have been, happiness and 
contentment reigned. These people were of a 
type that is today non-existent. They were 
a product made by nature and the force of cir- 
cumstances to battle successfully with the con- 
ditions of life by which they were surrounded. 



and to overcome trials which our present 
pampered generation would quail at the merest 
contemplation of. In the earlier half of the 
last century contests, of whatever character, 
were entered into by nearly all alike, but now, 
while the masses live in a state of almost 
frantic frenzy over sports, the greater propor- 
tion have become a mere mass of inertia, ex- 
pecting to sit and yell and bellow throughout a 
game being played by the ambitious few. 

"Coming back again to our historic Cooks- 
burg, there now comes to mind the stories of 
wild animals and of hunting, as told by 'Uncle 
Jerry,' when the woods were teeming with bird 
life and quadrupeds. One day's sport yielded 
threescore turkeys, besides a number of bear 
and deer. Nights were often made hideous, 
as we would now put it, by the howling of 
wolves, and panthers lurked in the denser soli- 
tudes. To the modern mind, life amid such 
surroundings was fitted only for the Indian, 
but to those intrepid settlers the creatures of 
the woods, whether fierce or harmless, lent a 
sort of fascination by their very presence 
rather than any feeling whatever of fear. 

"One or another has written time and again 
of Cooksburg, yet its story has been but poorly 
told. Its history, as concerns our own region, 
has no equal, and its present beauty is match- 
less. In its forest wealth and charm it is not 
only incomparable, it stands unique and alone. 
Its value for preservation is beyond the possi- 
bility of estimation — it is priceless." 

J. FRANK RAINE, M. D., not only holds 
prestige as one of the representative physicians 
and surgeons of Jefferson county but also as 
one of the most resourceful and progressive 
citizens of the prosperous borough of Sykes- 
ville, which is the center of his professional 
activities. He controls a large general prac- 
tice and has the distinction of being president 
of the First National Bank of Sykesville, of 
which specific mention is made on other pages 
of this work. 

Dr. Raine was born at West Fairview, Cum- 
berland Co., Pa., on the 4th of September, 
1S70, and as both of his parents died before 
he had attained to the age of twelve years 
he early became dependent largely upon his 
own resources, his advancement being the di- 
rect result of his own well ordered endeavors 
and resolute purpose. In Bedford and Perry 
counties he passed the period of his boyhood 
and youth, and after having made the best 
possible use of the educational advantages that 
were afforded him in the public schools it was 
his to gain that valuable discipline that is in- 



56 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



volved in serving an apprenticeship to the 
printer's trade. At the age of sixteen years 
he assumed the dignified prerogatives of 
"printer's devil" in the office of the Perry 
County Times, at New Bloomfield, where he 
gained" practical experience and became not 
only a skilled compositor but also adept in 
connection with other details of the printing 
and newspaper business. Later he was em- 
ployed as a compositor in the offices of The 
Grit and other papers at Williamsport, Lycom- 
ing county, and his determination to obtain 
a broader education was marked by resolute 
action. Through his own resources he de- 
frayed the expenses incidental to attending 
school at Lock Haven, Clinton county, and 
later at Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, 
Ind., where he was graduated in artistic pen- 
work and completed a partial scientific course. 
He put his attainments to practical test and 
utilization by teaching school, and in 1897-8 
he was principal of the public schools at Sax- 
ton, Bedford county His next manifestation 
of versatility and resourcefulness was given 
when he bought an old established weekly 
newspaper at Millheim, Center county, and 
was its editor and publisher until June, 1901. 
The enterprise proved profitable and at the 
time noted he sold his interest in the business 
to his partners and followed the course of 
an ambitious purpose by entering the College 
of Physicians and Surgeons in the city of 
Baltimore, Md., in which institution he ap- 
plied himself with characteristic diligence and 
ability until he had completed the prescribed 
curriculum. He was graduated in May, 1905. 
It was entirely through his own energy that 
he met the expenses incidental to preparing 
himself for the exacting profession in which 
he has since achieved success. 

On the first of August. 1905, only a few 
months after having received his degree of 
doctor of medicine, Dr. Raine established his 
residence at Sykesville, where he assumed the 
position of local physician and surgeon at the 
coal mines of the Jefferson & Clearfield Coal 
& Iron Co. and the Erie Coal Company. At 
the expiration of one year he resigned his 
position with the company last mentioned, but 
has continued his active association with the 
former company, besides having developed a 
substantial and lucrative general practice. 
The Doctor is a close student and keeps fully 
in touch with the advances made in his pro- 
fession, besides which he maintains active 
affiliation with the Jefferson County Medical 
Society, the Pennsylvania State Medical 
Society and the American Medical Associa- 



tion. He has made judicious investments in 
local real estate and has been concerned in 
the erection of a number of good houses, for 
which ready demand has been made. His 
enterprise has further been shown in the buy- 
ing of tracts of timber, which has been turned 
into lumber and sold in carload lots. The 
Doctor became a stockholder and director of 
the First National Bank of Sykesville in 1913, 
and in October, 191 5, he succeeded J. B. Sykes 
in the presidency of this vigorous and thriv- 
ing institution. The vitality and progressive- 
ness of Dr. Raine have been potent factors 
in furtherance of the civic and material ad- 
vancement of Sykesville and he has gained 
high place in the confidence and good will of 
the community. He gives his allegiance to the 
Republican party, is well fortified in his opin- 
ions concerning governmental and economic 
policies and while he has had no desire for 
public office he is giving characteristically 
effective service as a member of the Sykes- 
ville board of education. In a fraternal way 
he is affiliated with the Independent Order of 
( )cld Fellows and the Knights of Pythias. 



The First National Bank of Sykesville 
may be consistently designated as one of the 
substantial, important and ably managed finan- 
cial institutions of Jefferson county. Its 
organization was effected Oct. I, 1904, and 
after incorporation its active business opera- 
tions were instituted on the 1st of January, 
1905, and soon housed in an attractive and well 
appointed building erected for the purpose in 
1904, but not occupied for a short time after 
the bank was started. The original directorate 
comprised I. B. Sykes, John S. Weakland, C. 
H. Boyles,"j. H. Murray, S. B. Long, A. W. 
Sykes,, and Levi Schuckers. J. B. Sykes was 
chosen the first president, John S. Weakland 
vice president, and Fred S. Maize cashier, serv- 
ing until Jan. 19, 1907, -when O. L. Howard 
succeeded him. He in turn was followed by 
Miss Ruth M. Sykes, now the wife of Edwin 
Arlhur Wells, and whose service continued 
from March 11. 1908, to May 1, 1916, when 
she was succeeded by W. D. McHenry. Dr. 
J. Frank Raine has served as president since 
October, 191 5, and was elected to that office 
Jan. iX. 1916, Mr. Sykes resigning Jan. 3, 
1916. C. H. Boyles is now vice president, and 
in addition to these executive officers and the 
cashier the board of directors includes D. A. 
Schwab, Jacob Buchheit, Hiram Reese and 
Mrs. Ruth M. (Sykes) Wells. 

The First National Bank of Sykesville bases 
its operations on a capital of twenty-five thou- 





CCCyL.A-*nA^_^ 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



57 



sand dollars, and, as shown by its official state- 
ment of Sept. 12, 1916, its surplus and un- 
divided profits aggregate nearly ten thousand 
dollars, and its deposits are in excess of one 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars. The bank 
maintains safe deposit boxes for renting pur- 
poses, its entire equipment being of the best 
modern type. It is a United States deposi- 
tory for postal savings funds. 

SAMUEL STEWART HENDERSON, of 
Brookville, Pa., has a record of business 
achievement which reflects very honorably on 
his judgment and ability as well as on the 
commercial activities of the town. In his de- 
velopment he has realized its best possibilities 
and more. Further, he has shown the typical 
traits of his sturdy Scotch-Irish ancestry in his 
energetic and ambitious career, which has 
carried him to a leading place among the most 
successful men of Jefferson county. 

Samuel Stewart Henderson, son of Joseph 
Washington and Nancy (Wilson) Henderson, 
was born March 8, 1855, in Brookville, Jeffer- 
son Co.. Pa., and acquired his education there 
in the public schools. In December, 1872, he 
commenced work as an employe in the drug 
store of Hunt & Blood, where he continued for 
a period of six years. On Jan. 1, 1878, he 
started in the same line on his own account, 
having organized the firm of Henderson 
Brothers, and for several years this was his 
principal interest. But other possibilities pre- 
sented themselves to him, and he soon branched 
out, taking advantage of every opportunity in 
the direction of his tastes. For a number of 
years he had large investments in stock, hav- 
ing in 1884 bought a farm of 120 acres in 
Rose township, Jefferson county, which he 
stocked with registered Shorthorn cattle and 
registered Percherons, as well as highly bred 
trotting horses. He operated this place until 
1893, when he sold the land and disposed of 
his stock. For a number of years past he has 
been particularly well known in his connection 
with extensive lumbering operations. His 
first operations along this line were carried on 
in 1899, in which year he entered into an 
agreement with H. F. Manges, of Philadelphia, 
for the purpose of purchasing the white pine 
lumber and shingles manufactured by H. Tru- 
man & Co., at Brookville. It was about this 
time also that he organized the firm of 
Henderson, Schofield & Co.. wholesale lumber 
dealers, whose main office was maintained at 
Brookville, and this firm, in association with 
Mr. Manges, sold the Truman white pine 
lumber and shingles during the years 1900, 



1901 and 1902, also purchasing the pine and 
hemlock output of Yerstine, Kline & Co., of 
Brookville. Meantime, in June, 1900, .Mr. 
Henderson organized the Mill Creek Lumber 
Company and bought what was known as the 
Howe timber, one of the last original white 
pine tracts in Jefferson county, Pa., located 
about two miles north of Corsica, where the 
company put up a band sawmill. The output 
of this mill also was handled by Henderson, 
Schofield & Co., until all the timber had been 
sawed, in the latter part of 1902, when the 
lumber company was dissolved, and Hender- 
son, Schofield & Co. dissolved in the spring of 
1903. 

In 1902 Mr. Henderson acquired lumber in- 
terests in West Virginia, where he has been 
operating since. That year he bought fifteen 
hundred acres of timber in Pocahontas county, 
and in the spring of 1903 organized the Poca- 
hontas Lumber Company of Brookville, his 
partners in the enterprise being J. B. Hender- 
son, also of Brookville, and Dr. T. R. 
Williams, of Punxsutawney, who formed a 
copartnership. In the interest of this concern 
Mr. Henderson bought a tract of 9,071 acres, 
which with his first purchase gave the company 
over ten thousand acres, and to this have since 
been added 2,500 acres. The company erected 
a mill at Burner, Pocahontas Co., W. Va., Mr. 
Henderson superintending the building, and 
as he is the only one of the partners familiar 
with the practical end of the lumbering busi- 
ness all the executive responsibility has been 
intrusted to him from the beginning. As 
manager he has looked after the construction 
of the mills and railroad and all the details of 
the operation, so that the success of the com- 
pany may be attributed entirely to his efficient 
oversight and tireless attention to everything 
pertaining to the equipment and output. The 
manufacture of band sawed lumber of all 
kinds is carried on extensively, a specialty 
being made of West Virginia spruce. The 
plant at Burner has a modernly equipped 
planing mill as well as the sawmill, which latter 
has a daily capacity of seventy-five thousand 
feet. The logs used are handled over the 
company's own railroad, which connects at 
Burner with the Coal & Iron railroad, a branch 
of the Western Maryland. Mr. Henderson, 
besides owning a one-third interest in the 
Pocahontas Lumber Company, is a stock- 
holder in the firm of Currie & Campbell, one 
of the most prosperous wholesale lumber firms 
in Philadelphia, with headquarters in the 
Commonwealth building. It was sponsored by 
the Pocahontas Lumber Company, who find 



58 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



this connection most desirable for disposing of 
that portion of its products which goes to the 
Eastern markets. Mr. Henderson is a member 
of the board of governors of the Spruce Manu- 
facturers' Association. 

Mr. Henderson of late years has become 
heavily interested in the coal business. In 1913 
lie and Dr. T. R. Williams purchased twelve 
hundred acres of valuable coal lands at Dill- 
town. Indiana Co., Pa., and established the 
Dilltown Smokeless Coal Company, of which 
Mr. Henderson is vice president and treasurer. 
They mine and ship the Miller Vein coal, the 
workings being at Dilltown, and about two 
hundred men are employed, the present ton- 
nage being about eight hundred daily, the 
capacity of the picking tables fifteen hundred 
tons daily. The hauling and cutting are done 
by electricity, the shortwall coal cutting ma- 
chine being used, and even-thing about the 
mines is modern in construction and arrange- 
ment. The company has built a town of sixty- 
eight houses, equipped with running water 
and electric light, and many other conveniences 
for the employees have been installed, the 
settlement being a model one in every respect. 
The investment amounts to $265,000, wisely 
expended. 

Mr. Henderson was one of the organizers of 
the Pocahontas Company of Dilltown. Pa., 
dealing in general merchandise, groceries, 
flour, provisions, dry goods, clothing and shoes. 
Mr. Henderson is also a stockholder in two 
Brookville banks, the National Bank of 
Brookville and the Jefferson County National 
Bank, and formerly served as director in both 
of these institutions, but resigned owing to the 
pressure of his other affairs. It is somewhat 
remarkable, considering how his interests have 
widened, that he has kept them all under his 
personal supervision, remarkable enough to 
attract attention outside of his own section of 
the State. Under the heading of "Care Well 
Directed" the American Lumberman of Oct. 
12, 191 2, had a full-page article concerning 
Mr. Henderson and his work, as one of the 
"lumbermen who have set high standards in 
Eastern business." From it we quote the fol- 
lowing : 

"The manager content to develop, and intent 
upon developing, the natural possibilities of a 
compact enterprise has a big advantage, with 
corresponding outcome, over him who weakens 
his efforts by giving to scattered interests 
attention inevitably too attenuated to serve 
adequately any one detail of them. An ex- 
emplification of the converse of such un- 
wisdom, a man who has concentrated all his 



attention and his activities upon comparatively 
modest interests with compact environment, 
and who always has controlled them, is a well 
known lumberman of Pennsylvania, S. S. 
Henderson, of Brookville. S. S. Henderson 
has so managed his affairs as always to have 
direct personal control of all their details. 
These interests, gratifyingly prosperous and of 
sound character, he has developed to their 
highest possibilities. While their number has 
been larger than usually falls to the managerial 
care of one man, each has been so fostered that 
its intricacies and its relations to the others are 
as familiar to Mr. Henderson as presumably 
is his single enterprise to the average keeper 
of a small store. . . . His personal success 
as a business man has outstripped his environ- 
ment, a result largely of his concentration of 
effort, his determination to 'make good' in 
comparatively few directions and his purpose 
to avoid a multiplicity and consequent probable 
conflict of interests." 

But however devoted to business, Mr. Hen- 
derson has never lost public-spirited concern 
for the general well-being of his home com- 
munity, in which he has shown as hearty inter- 
est as he has in its financial prosperity. In 
social and civic connections he has proved his 
right to the respect of his fellow men as much 
as he has compelled their admiration for his 
tangible achievements. He is a member and 
trustee of/ the Presbyterian Church, and zeal- 
ous in securing trustworthy officials for the 
administration of town affairs. Politically he 
is a Republican, and is proud to be able to say 
that his father was one of the delegates who 
helped to nominate Abraham Lincoln. He 
enjoys baseball and motoring, and other out- 
door sports as opportunity allows. 

On Dec. 2, 1880, Mr. Henderson was mar- 
ried to Annie Litch, daughter of T. K. and 
Rebecca E. Litch, the ceremony being per- 
formed by Rev. Thomas . J. Sherrard, then 
pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Brook- 
ville. She died Jan. 15, 1893, the mother of 
two daughters : Cora Litch, born Oct. 10, 
1881, was married at Brookville April 15, 1909, 
to Lawrence V. Deemer, by Rev. James fi. 
Hill, pastor of the Presbyterian Church; 
Nellie Litch. born Feb. 24, 1884, was married 
Oct. 12, 1909, by Rev. James B. Hill, to 
Fredrick W. Edmondson, and they have three 
children, Martha (born June 1, 191 1 ) , Fred- 
rick W. (born June 13, 1914) and Annie Litch 
(born Dec. 7, 1 9 1 5 ) . On Oct. 23, 1895, Mr. 
Henderson married Anna Hjelm Craig, 
daughter of Hon. Samuel A. and Nancy 
(Rodgers) Craig, the ceremony being per- 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



59 



formed at Brookville by Rev. James Conway, 
D. D., pastor of the Presbyterian Church. 
Five daughters have been born of this mar- 
riage: Nancy Hjelm, March 29, 1897; 
Virginia, Dec. 26, 1900; Rebecca, April 28, 
1910 (died June 30, 1910) ; Helen Jack, Jan. 
10. IQ12, and Anna, June 26, 1916. 

V. K. BAXTER, a farmer and business 
man whose operations have been one of the 
principal forces in the development of Clover 
township, is carrying on in his successful ca- 
reer the best traditions of the name he bears, 
both in regard to his personal character and 
his occupation. It is over sixty years since 
his father came to what is now known as Bax- 
ter station, where V. K. Baxter founded the 
town named in his honor, and during all 
that time father and son have done more 
than the average in promoting the interests 
of the neighborhood while working out the 
problems of their own lives. 

The Baxter family has been in this country 
from Colonial days, the early members on this 
side of the Atlantic having come from Shrop- 
shire, England, and settled near Salem, in 
Massachusetts, as early as 1631. In 1639 tne y 
removed to Rhode Island, and thence to New 
York State, Allegany county, N. Y., having 
been the home of the branch here under con- 
sideration for several generations. John W. 
Baxter and his wife Mary settled at Friend- 
ship, in that county, in the year 1820, and there 
Richard J., father of V K. Baxter, was born 
Feb. 22, 1822. From time immemorial the 
Baxters have been builders and operators of 
sawmills, and Richard J. Baxter quite naturally 
adopted that vocation. He was a boy when 
he first came to Pennsylvania, having helped 
his father build a mill on the Clarion river 
in 1834, and there he remained until 1845. 
working at his trade. He then moved to Troy, 
Jefferson county, where he was located about 
ten years, in 1855 settling at what is now the 
site of Baxter station, on the Low Grade divis- 
ion of the Allegheny Valley railroad, one hun- 
dred miles from Pittsburgh. Strength of char- 
acter and the ability to cope with adverse cir- 
cumstances have been leading traits of the Bax- 
ter family as far back as the records show, 
and V. K. Baxter and his immediate prede- 
cessors have been typical representatives of the 
name in this respect. Richard J. Baxter pros- 
pered in the face of the heavy odds always to 
be encountered in a new country, but he was 
master of a business of the greatest import- 
ance in the opening of primitive territory, and 
lived to see great achievements alons: this line. 



He died at the age of seventy-three years, 
March 15, 1895, while on a train en route from 
Pittsburgh. 

V. K. Baxter was born in Troy, Pa., Aug. 
30, 1853, and has followed in the footsteps 
of his ancestors, having been engaged in saw- 
mill work practically all his life. Lie remained 
at home until twenty-two years old, but mean- 
time had worked for a few months as a brake- 
man on the railroad. Then he went to assist 
his brother, the late J. W. Baxter (who died 
Dec. 2^, 1915), on the Clarion river at Cooks- 
burg, running his lumber mill for four years, 
during which time he met his wife. He was 
next at Laceytown for six months, and worked 
in the mills up to the time of his marriage. 
For a time he was in the mills at Portland, 
Pa., handling the log carriage, changing from 
there to the Blue Rock mills in Jefferson 
county, where he was first employed in the 
shingle department. Subsequently he was 
made sawyer and a month later became filer, 
holding that position until the following spring, 
when he removed to Carrier. Later he was 
engaged as sawyer at Forestville, whence he 
went to Shorts Mills in the same capacity, for 
Fred Sigers. The next year he entered the 
employ of J. S. Hyde at Sawmill run, where 
he ran a shingle mill under John McMann, 
superintendent, who also had him do the filing. 
In the fall he went to Brockwayville, where 
he ran Duff Hutton's mill, and his next move 
was to Spring Creek, as filer, in which ca- 
pacity he also spent two years in Truman's 
mill, at Truman, Pa. The next two years he 
was at Otto Glen, as filer, being foreman of 
that plant the second year of his stay there. 
For the two years' following he was at Sizer- 
ville, Pa., as filer and sawyer, being so engaged 
up to the time of his father's death, in the 
spring of 1895, when he took charge of the 
interests of the estate, of which he has since 
been manager. He has prospered steadily 
ever since he entered business on his own ac- 
count, is still operating a well equipped mill 
at Baxter, and also has valuable lumber and 
agricultural interests, owning an interest in 
the very fine farm upon which he resides. He 
has been a foremost advocate of up-to-date 
farming methods in his vicinity and has done 
much practical work to aid their introduction, 
now serving his fourth term (four years) as 
treasurer of Baxter Grange, Xo. 1172, Patrons 
of Husbandry. He is also a member of 
Pomona Grange, and has been active in other 
movements. For vears he has been school 
director, besides filling the other local offices, 
and he has never given his constituents any 



60 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



reason to regret the confidence placed in him. 
He is a Democrat on national questions, but 
independent in his choice of local candidates. 
He was reared in the Catholic faith, and is 
a member of Immaculate Conception Church 
at Brookville, also belonging to the Knights 
of St. i reorge. 

On Aug. 10. 1879, Mr. Baxter married 
Sarah M. Henry, of Cooksburg, Forest Co., 
who was then but sixteen years old. The fol- 
lowing children have been born to them : Mary 
Margaret, born at Baxter, was married there 
to James H. McBride, of Wilkinsburg, and 
has four children, Vincent James, Sarah E., 
Margaret B. and Richard B. ; Alice L., the 
second child, died in infancy; Karl V., the 
youngest, born at Sizerville, Cameron county, 
is engaged in the Pennsylvania railroad yards 
at Erie. 

Mrs. Baxter's parents were William and 
Mary J. ( Cook 1 Henry. She was a daughter 
of John and Catherine Cook, so that Mrs. Bax- 
ter is a niece of Judge Cook and Jeremiah 
Cook, Airs. Henry's half-brothers. The chil- 
dren horn to William Henry and wife were: 
David L., who died at the age of fifty-three 
years; Ira C, residing in Seattle, Wash.; Re- 
becca J., wife of James Hart, of Export; 
Sarah M., Mrs. Baxter; Lydia A., wife of 
Charles Smith, of Strattonville ; William S., 
who married Ella Dobson, of Dravosburg; and 
Hattie, who died in childhood. The father 
died March 11, 1915, at the age of ninety-two 
years, long surviving the mother, who passed 
away June 12. 1901, at the age of sixty-eight 
years. 

ROBERT A. HAMILTON, of Big Run. 
now engaged as a hardware dealer in that 
borough, has turned to merchandising after a 
vigorous career as a lumberman, whose opera- 
tions were among the most extensive conducted 
in this part of Pennsylvania for a long period. 
Alone or with partners he has cut millions of 
feet of valuable timber in Jefferson and neigh- 
boring counties, entering upon big undertak- 
ings courageously and carrying them through 
skillfully, with the proficiency gained only by 
wide experience and mastery of details. Mr. 
Hamilton's activities have played a big part in 
the transformation of western Pennsylvania 
from a forest country to an agricultural region. 
He belongs to pioneer stock of this region, 
where his great-grandfather, Robert Hamil- 
ton, settled upon his arrival from Ireland after 
the close of the Revolutionary war. His 
grandfather, who also bore the name of Rob- 
ert Hamilton, was probably a native of West- 



moreland county, Pa., and it is likely that the 
grandmother, Rachel ( Work), was born there, 
too. She was of Scotch parentage, her father, 
William Work, having been a native of Scot- 
land. Robert and Rachel Hamilton were mar- 
ried in Indiana county. Pa., where he made a 
good farm, and they remained there until they 
died. They had a family of eight children, 
James A. being the third in order of birth. 

James A. Hamilton, son of Robert and 
Rachel I lamilton, was the father of Robert A. 
Hamilton, of Big Run. He was born Dec. 4, 
[823, in Mahoning township, Indiana Co., Pa., 
was reared upon the home farm, and had only 
the limited educational advantages which the 
neighborhood afforded. The first school he at- 
tended was held in an old log cabin which did 
not contain a nail or a piece of glass. When 
fourteen years old he was apprenticed to learn 
the tanner's trade, and after completing his 
term worked as a journeyman for a time at 
Indiana. Pa., receiving four dollars a month 
the first year and twelve dollars the second. 
For a change of occupation he made a trip 
down the Susquehanna on a raft. He was en- 
gaged at tanning and harnessmaking in Indi- 
ana county from 1842 to 1865, starting business 
on his own account in 1845. on a capital of 
$51.75. The venture was typical. He was not 
afraid to make it because of financial shortage, 
and the industry necessary to supplement this 
lack did not terrify him. He got along, and 
made both branches of his business pay, hiring 
skilled harnessmakers to do the work in that 
department, for he was conscientious about 
giving high-class service to all his patrons. 
After a time he purchased a farm, which he 
conducted along with his other enterprises, and 
although all was not smooth sailing he did well. 
For three years he was in the mercantile busi- 
ness in Indiana county. 1864 to 1867, in the 
latter vear moving to Jefferson county. At 
that time, although he was but forty-four years 
old, he was spoken of as "Old Squire Hamil- 
ton," haying served ten years as a justice of 
the peace in Indiana county. At Big Run he 
opened a new general store which he carried 
on for twenty-five years. This was during the 
most important period of the lumber industry 
in this region, and he himself had heavy in- 
terests in the latter line for ten years, jobbing, 
manufacturing and floating square timber 
down the Allegheny, making shooks, etc. He 
retired from active business some years before 
his death, which occurred in the spring of 
1897, when he was in his_ seventy-fourth year, 
but he was still serving as a vice president of 
the Bie Run Building- &- Loan Association. 



JEFFERSOX COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



61 



Although he did not settle at that place until 
middle life, Mr. Hamilton became one of its 
most prominent citizens, not only in the sense 
that he was a notably successful business man, 
but also because of his connection with public 
affairs and the influence he exerted in all that 
concerned the community. It was hardly pos- 
sible for one of his active mind to keep out of 
public matters, in which he always took part, 
wherever he lived. He had served as a justice 
of the peace ill Indiana county, and was so 
well fitted for the duties of that office that he 
was repeatedly chosen to it after his removal 
to Jefferson county, his total incumbency of 
the position in both counties covering forty- 
live years. In 1880 he was a member of the 
school board. Politically he supported the Re- 
publican party on national questions, but he 
was independent -in local affairs, giving his 
support to the best men and measures, regard- 
less of politics. Few men in the community 
have enjoyed as great personal popularity. Air. 
Hamilton is buried in the I'.ig Run cemetery. 

On May 2j, 1845, Mr. Hamilton married 
Isabelle Maria Sutton, of Indiana county, 
daughter of Robert and .Martha Sutton. It 
is said that her father kept one of the early 
hotels at Hrookville for a short time. Mrs. 
Hamilton died Feb. 29, 1884. the mother of 
five children: Martha Ruth, now the widow of 
George M. ( iourley, a lumberman and miller 
of nig Run ; Robert A. : Sylvester S.. a promi- 
nent physician of Punxsutawney, Pa.; Frank 
J., a hardware merchant at P>ig Run, head 
of the firm of F. J. Hamilton & Son ; and Mary 
Laura, who died aged eighteen years, Sept. 
19. 1 881, the same day as President Garfield 
died. On Sept. 7, 1886, Mr. Hamilton mar- 
ried (second) Mrs. Mary Elizabeth 1 Sunder- 
land) Weber, by whom he had three children: 
Emma and Ella, twins, the latter deceased ; and 
James A. 

Robert A. Hamilton was born June 22, [840. 
in East Mahoning township. Indiana county, 
and up to the time he was fifteen enjoyed ordi- 
nary common school advantages. When his 
father began keeping store he went to clerking 
for him. and he also drove team, hauling goods 
from Indiana, a distance of thirty-four miles. 
Though only a youth, he was sometimes in- 
trusted with a four-horse team. When about 
twenty-five years old he was lumbering with 
his father for five hundred dollars a year, tak- 
ing charge of the timber and rafting to Pitts- 
burgh, and gaining experience which qualified 
him thoroughly for the more important work 
nf subsequent years. For five years Mr. Ham- 
ilton and his brother-in-law, G. M. Gourlev, 



did a profitable business in the manufacture of 
shooks, making red oak barrel staves for use 
among the planters in the West Indies ; the 
staves were split out in the woods, and later 
fitted into shape for sugar barrels, etc. Ten 
to fifteen men were employed in this work. 
There being a considerable demand for this 
product from Xew York, many barrels were 
set up ready for use, but those for the export 
trade were knocked down and bundled. For 
several years Mr. Hamilton was associated 
with Edward Seifert in lumbering operations 
at the Sykes settlement, now Sykesville, where 
they ran a sawmill for two years, cutting some 
ten million feet in that vicinity. The Buffalo, 
Rochester & Pittsburgh road afforded excellent 
shipping facilities in that neighborhood. He 
and Mr. Seifert were also partners in another 
concern which in 1888 built a mill at Eleanor, 
Jefferson county, at the mines five miles north 
of Rig Run, and cut twenty-two million feet 
of lumber in that section, about fifty men be- 
ing employed in this undertaking, which occu- 
pied Mr. Hamilton until 1893. Pine, hemlock 
and considerable hardwood were taken in these 
operations, and the bark was disposed of to the 
tannery at Big Run. There was a fine margin 
of profit these years. In 1892 Messrs. Ham- 
ilton and Seifert bought a tract in Elk county, 
with a mill, six miles from Brockwayville, and 
between that time and 1897 cut sixty-five mil- 
lion feet from it. working one hundred and 
fifty men. Mr. Hamilton then bought a piece 
of forest for himself, near Luthersburg, Clear- 
field county, put in a band mill, and started 
cutting the timber, taking eighteen million feet 
off in four years, with a crew of fifty to sixty 
men. The lumber had to be hauled three and 
a half miles, and at times as many as thirty 
learns were busy, but nevertheless the venture 
was one of the most lucrative in which Mr. 
Hamilton ever engaged, for ,he had purchased 
the land when it was cheap, paying forty thou- 
sand dollars for it. He was next associated 
with a Pittsburgh firm in a salaried position 
for a period of two years, during which time 
he had charge of the company's* plant at 
Nicholson, Miss., forty-three miles north of 
New Orleans, cutting eighty thousand feet a 
day in the sawmill, besides sending sixty thou- 
sand feet through the planing mill. The work- 
ing force consisted of one hundred and fifty 
men. Coming back to Big Run in 1903. Mr. 
Hamilton secured a half interest with W. T. 
Blose in a hardware business and planing mill 
in the borough, where he has been doing busi- 
ness ever since. He soon became sole owner 
of the store and mill, and continued to operate 



62 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



the latter very profitably until 1914, when he 
sold the mill. He is still carrying on the hard- 
ware business, his large stock, valued at about 
eight thousand dollars, including also a com- 
plete line of agricultural implements, for which 
he has had a steady demand, and doors, sash, 
etc. The large store in which he is now estab- 
lished, a building 22 by 115 feet in dimensions, 
with commodious ware room, he erected in 
1904. Mr. Hamilton has not given up his lum- 
ber interests entirely, having cleared off a 
farm near Big Run since he settled at that 
borough, and he now has fifty acres of the 
place under cultivation. He has had interests 
in coal properties in Butler county, Pa., and 
other investments which have yielded well. At 
present he is president of the South Paradise 
Telephone Company. His judgment on busi- 
ness enterprises has proved so keen that his 
encouragement of any project is regarded as 
an assurance of its substantial character. 

Mr. Hamilton has always been a business 
man. taking no direct part in public affairs, 
but he is well known in local social and re- 
ligious circles. He is an old-time member of 
the Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias fra- 
ternities, and has been honored with twenty- 
five-year jewels in both. He is a steward of 
the M. E. Church, and has also served as mem- 
ber of the board of trustees. It is rather re- 
markable that although much of the territory 
in which Mr. Hamilton was employed, espe- 
cially in his younger vears. was in its wild state 
when he went into it, and well supplied with 
game, he has never been a hunter, and has 
never shot a gun or a' revolver. 

At the age of twenty years Mr. Hamilton 
married Maria C. Cochran, of Big Run. She 
died in 1889, and he subsequentlv married 
Annie E. Reed, of Coolspring. this county. 
There are no children by either union. The 
Hamilton home is one of the finest in Big Run. 

JOHN H. BELL, now a resident of Punxsu- 
tawney, is one of the best known men in the 
coal fields of this part of the United States, 
with a wealth of experience acquired in va- 
rious responsible associations in the course of 
a long and well-spent career. Mr. Bell has 
been in charge of important operations for a 
number of the largest concerns developing coal 
properties in Pennsylvania. Ohio and West 
Virginia and retired recently with a record 
equaled by few in the business. Personally 
he is endowed with sterling qualities of char- 
acter which form an admirable complement to 
his proficiency in all that pertains to coal min- 
ing. 



Mr. Bell is a native of Scotland, born Aug, 
22. 1839. only child of John H. and Isabella 
(Bartram) Bell. The father, who was a 
farmer in Scotland, died there when a young 
man. The mother survived him many years, 
dying at Reynoldsville at the age of seventy- 
six. John H. Bell received his education in 
Scotland, and was about fourteen years old 
when he began work in coal mines. At the age 
of twenty-four years he came to America, 
landing at Portland, Maine, and proceeded di- 
rectly to Pittsburgh, with the view of finding 
employment at his calling. He began work in 
the mines at McKeesport, changing to West- 
moreland county for a time, and then to Swiss- 
vale, Allegheny county, where he opened a 
mine for Stewart & Dickson. Later he was 
with Charles Armstrong in Westmoreland 
county. His next position was also in that 
county, as mine foreman and superintendent 
"ior Thomas Moore for a few years. In 1871 
he became mine foreman for the Dunbar Fur- 
nace Company in Fayette county, remaining 
for about seven years, was subsequently with 
the Aetna Iron Company, of Lawrence county, 
( )hio, as superintendent for two years, and 
then went to West Virginia in the capacity of 
mine superintendent for the New River Coal 
& Coke Company. Upon leaving that employ 
he had some experience in Virginia as a mine 
superintendent before he became associated 
with the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh 
Company, as superintendent at Beechtree, Jef- 
ferson county. May 1, 1884. He was with them 
for the next ten years, during which period he 
opened the Adrian mines. He returned to 
West Virginia as general superintendent for 
the New River Coal and Coke Company, re- 
maining there about three years, then went 
with the Lowmoore Coal & Iron Co.. Alle- 
ghany county, Ya.. until he came back to Jef- 
ferson county to take charge of the Bell, Lewis 
& Yates mines at Reynoldsville, as general su- 
perintendent. At that place he continued for 
seven years, then* for a year was in West Vir- 
ginia again in charge of mines, and returned 
once more to Jefferson county to become gen- 
eral superintendent for the Buffalo, Rochester 
& Pittsburgh Company at the Florence mines. 
After two years he was transferred to the Elk 
Run shaft, owned bv the same company, and 
was there about two years. For about a year 
following he was engaged in West Virginia 
again, when he retired and came to Punxsu- 
tawney to reside ; his home is at No. 114 Jenks 
avenue. Mr. Bell has withdrawn from any 
active participation in business except what is 
necessary for the management of his real estate 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



63 



interests and his services as director of the 
Punxsutawney Foundry & Machine Company. 
In 1903 he made a trip to Scotland. Air. Bell's 
success was laid on a solid foundation. He 
had the thorough training characteristic of old- 
country methods, and with a willingness to 
apply himself industriously found it very valu- 
able when opportunities came to him here. 
His vigorous Scotch intellect and gift for di- 
recting operations were highly valued by his 
employers, and promotion came as the reward 
of faithful, intelligent devotion to their in- 
terests. 

Fraternally Mr. Hell is an Odd Fellow and 
a Mason, belonging in the latter connection to 
John W. Jenks Lodge, No. 534, F. & A. M. ; 
Jefferson Chapter, No. 225, R. A. M., of 
Brookville; Pittsburgh Commandery, No. 1, 
K. T. ; Pittsburgh Consistory, thirty-second de- 
gree ; and Zem Zem Temple, A. A. O. N. M. 
S., of Erie. Pa. In religious doctrine he is a 
Presbyterian, and is serving as elder of his 
church. 

Mr. Bell married Barbara Mitchell Bell, 
daughter of William Bell, of Scotland, and 
thirteen children have been born to them. Only 
five survive, namely: Alice, who is the wife of 
D. M. Motherwell; Isabella, wife of John 
Connelay ; Rosie, wife of Charles Baker; Mar- 
garet, wife of Bruce Davis; Mary P., unmar- 
ried, who lives at home. 

ALEXANDER J. TRUITT. the vigorous 
man of affairs, the liberal, progressive and 
public-spirited citizen, the able and successful 
lawyer, well merits consideration in this vol- 
ume, not only by reason of his being one of 
the strongest and most resourceful members 
of the Jefferson county bar but also by rea- 
son of his prominence and influence in the civic 
and business activities which have conserved 
the advancement of the county and his home 
borough of Punxsutawney. Objective inter- 
est in his career should be enhanced by the 
fact that he is a scion of two of the old and 
honored families of Pennsylvania. 

Anderson Truitt, the paternal great-grandfa- 
ther of Mr. Truitt, was born and reared in 
England and immigrated to America in the 
latter part of the eighteenth century. Thomas 
Truitt. the grandfather, was born in the year 
1788 and was a lad of about twelve years at 
the time when the family home was estab- 
lished in Armstrong county. Pa. A few years 
later he removed to Indiana, as a pioneer of 
that now opulent Commonwealth, and there 
enlisted for service as a soldier in the war of 
1812, taking part in this second conflict with 



England for a period of one year. In 1813 he 
returned to Pennsylvania and established his 
home in Madison township, Armstrong 
county, where in the same year was solemnized 
his marriage to Lydia Williams, a daughter 
of Thomas Williams. This worthy couple 
passed the remainder of their lives in Arm- 
strong county, where Mr. Truitt became a suc- 
cessful farmer and honored and influential 
citizen, his death occurring in 1854. Of the 
family of five sons and two daughters only one 
is living at the time of this writing, in the 
autumn of 1916, namely Mrs. Mary Buzzard, 
who maintains her home at Chicago Junction, 
Ohio, and who is ninety-six years of age. 

James A. Truitt, father of Alexander J. 
Truitt, was born in Armstrong county, this 
State, in the year 1828, and he died shortly 
before his eighty-second birthday anniversary, 
on the 13th of November, 1909, at which time 
he was known and honored as one of the most 
venerable and revered citizens of Punxsu- 
tawney, Jefferson county, where he had long 
maintained his home and where he had been a 
representative business man. He was reared 
to manhood under the sturdy discipline of the 
old homestead farm of his father, but as a 
young man he engaged in mercantile pursuits 
at Oakland, Armstrong county, continuing his 
activities there until about 1890, when he re- 
moved with his family to Punxsutawney and 
established a shoe store. He continued to con- 
duct this business until about four years prior 
to his death, and from the time of his retire- 
ment therefrom until the close of his long 
and useful life gave his attention principally 
to the development and improvement of his 
large real estate interests. He had suffered 
a light stroke of paralysis in 1876, but had re- 
cuperated almost entirely from its effects, with 
the result that he continued vigorous and 
active until his life was terminated, many years 
later, by a second paralytic stroke. He was 
found dead in his bed, at the home of his 
daughter. Mrs. Willis J. Home, of Punxsu- 
tawney. where he had resided continuously 
after the death of his devoted wife, in the pre- 
ceding year. 

From an appreciative estimate published in 
a Punxsutawney paper at the time of his death 
are taken, with but minor paraphrase and 
elimination, the following extracts : "James 
A. Truitt was an advocate and supporter of 
denominational and technical schools. At Oak- 
land, in Armstrong county, he was the prime 
mover and chief backer of the Baptist Church 
and a normal institute, where members of his 
own family and all other youths of the Bap- 



64 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



tist and other faiths were taught in strict 
accordance with the creed of the church. Since 
coming to Punxsutawney, and especially since 
his retirement from active business, he had 
hoped to establish a technical school where 
the youth and men of this vicinity could be 
taught practical subjects by the most approved 
and modern methods. It can be said of James 
A. Truitt that he constantly strove to live 
close to his ideals of a Christian life, and that 
nothing could swerve him from a line of action 
that he deemed the way of righteousness." 

At Greenville, Mercer Co., Pa., April 22, 
1855, was solemnized the marriage of James 
A. Truitt to Sarah Jane Meredith, a daughter 
of Owen Meredith, of Armstrong county, and 
the devoted companionship thus initiated was 
destined to continue for more than half a cen- 
tury, the gracious ties having been severed by 
the death of Mrs. Truitt, on the 21st of Octo- 
ber, 1908. Her bereaved and venerable hus- 
band survived her but little more than a year. 
She was the last of a family of eight children, 
and of her brothers it may be noted that 
Jonathan, a resident of Kittanning, was at one 
time speaker of the Pennsylvania House of 
Representatives ; Hon. Aquilla was a resident 
of Corydon, Iowa, at the time of his death ; 
Thomas died at Widnoon, Pa. ; James, at Cla- 
rion ; and Hon. Madison Meredith, who died 
in the city of Philadelphia, was captain in the 
103d Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry in the 
Civil war. The two deceased sisters of Mrs. 
Truitt were Mrs. James Gibson, of Reynolds- 
ville, and Mrs. John Wallace, of Pittsburgh. 
Of Mrs. Truitt the following consistent words 
have been written : "She was a lifelong mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church, which, with her 
family, claimed the best efforts of a long and 
active life. Kindly, gracious, dutiful, helpful 
and intensely religious, her life was one of 
devotion and sacrifice for her family and her 
ideals." Mr. and Mrs. Truitt became the par- 
ents of four sons and three daughters, and of 
the number Alexander J. was the firstborn ; 
Owen K. is now a resident of Washington, D. 
C. ; Elmer Sheltcn resides in Kansas City, 
Mo. ; Fred M. maintains his home in New 
York City ; Clyde B. is the wife of Willis J. 
Home, of Washington; Delia J., the wife of 
L. J. North, died at this place only a few 
months prior to the demise of her honored 
father. 

Alexander J. Truitt was born at Oakland. 
Armstrong Co., Pa., on the 27th of July, 1857, 
and his early educational advantages were 
those afforded in the public schools of his 
native county. In the furtherance of higher 



academic discipline he entered Reid Institute, 
in Clarion county, and from this institution he 
was graduated as a member of the class of 
1S76. In consonance with his ambition and 
well formulated plans, he soon afterwards be- 
gan the study of law, and he was fortunate in 
gaining as his preceptor Edward S. Golden, 
of Kittanning, who was at that time a dis- 
tinguished member of the Pennsylvania bar. 
Later, to fortify himself still further for the 
work of his exacting profession, Mr. Truitt 
became a student in the law department of the 
University of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, 
where he was graduated as a member of the 
class of 1883 and from which he received his 
degree of Bachelor of Laws. As an under- 
graduate he had also availed himself of the 
privilege of continuing his technical reading 
under the direction of Gen. E. Spencer Miller, 
of Philadelphia, and after the death of this 
distinguished lawyer continued his law study 
under the preceptorship of Messrs. Gendell 
and Reeves, of the Philadelphia bar, until his 
graduation from the law school. 

In September, 1883, Mr. Truitt was admit- 
ted to practice in the courts of Jefferson 
county, his admission to the Philadelphia bar 
having been virtually coincident with his re- 
ception of the degree of bachelor of laws. 
Apropos of his strong, reliant and progressive 
career as a lawyer and public-spirited citizen, 
the following extracts from a newspaper arti- 
cle are well worthy of perpetuation in this 
connection : 

"Mr. Truitt was among the first men who 
came to Punxsutawney at the time of the 
boom to that old town in 1883, as he arrived 
on one of the very first trains that came in 
over the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh rail- 
road. From the day he arrived in the town 
he has been known as one of the progressive 
hustlers of the place and has taken an active 
part in all that pertained to the development 
and upbuilding of Punxsutawney. He was one 
of the promoters and original stockholders in 
the Mahoning Gas & Heat Company, the Punx- 
sutawney Water Company, the Punxsutawney 
Mutual and the Home Building & Loan Asso- 
ciations, the Punxsutawney Street Passenger 
Railway Company and the Jefferson Electric 
Light, Heat & Power Company. He is legal 
representative also of many other large and 
important interests, both individual and corpo- 
rate. Mr. Truitt was one of the most active 
members of the committee that secured the 
location and construction of the works of the 
Punxsutawney Iron Company at this bustling 
city in the Mahoning valley, as well as numer- 



RK 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



65 



ous other industries, and later he became prom- 
inently concerned in promoting the extension 
of one of our railroads through to Pittsburgh. 
He is known among his townsmen as a care- 
ful, industrious and safe legal adviser, and 
stands high in his profession. He has been 
successful financially and is considered one of 
the solid men of Punxsutawney.'' 

As an attorney and counselor at law Mr. Tru- 
itt has shown strenuous proclivities, and he has 
gained secure vantage ground as a resourceful 
and versatile trial lawyer and admirably forti- 
fied counselor. He has appeared in connection 
with much important litigation in the courts 
of this section of the State and is eligible for 
practice in the Federal and Supreme courts 
of Pennsylvania and the United States. In 
connection with his substantial and important 
law business Mr. Truitt had the distinction, 
in 1907, of gaining a distinguished and notable 
victory, in that he was the first Pennsylvania 
attorney to have gained a reversal of a deci- 
sion of the Supreme court of the State within 
a period of thirty years. The reversal was 
made by the United States Supreme court, in 
the Schlemmer case, in which Mr. Truitt had 
appeared for the plaintiff, who had brought 
suit for damages in connection with the death 
of her husband, the latter having met his death 
in an accident while serving as a railway em- 
ployee. 

Data already presented indicate that Mr. 
Truitt is emphatically a loyal and public-spir- 
ited citizen, but it should further be noted that 
he has proved a forceful and effective advocate 
of the principles and policies of the Republican 
party, in which connection he has won no 
little fame as a campaign orator, in later 
years espousing its Progressive principles. He 
sturdily stands for active participation in our 
Federal, State and municipal governments, 
and for the fulfilment of life's duties accord- 
ing to our opportunities and responsibilities. 
In his home place he is known as the uncom- 
promising foe of all wrong, oppression and 
tyranny and as a leader for social and indus- 
trial justice and clean government. 

On June 28, 1886, Mr. Truitt was united 
in marriage to Mary C. Zeitler, a daughter of 
John and Maria Zeitler, pioneers in Punxsu- 
tawney and one of the city's substantial and 
honored families. This union was a happy 
one, and its happiness has increased with the 
passing years. He and his wife are zealous 
members of the First Baptist Church of Punx- 
sutawney. They have taken an active social 
and financial interest in all the churches and 
temperance movements and Y. M. C. A. activi- 



ties of their borough. In 1908 they erected at 
Brooksville, Fla., an attractive and modern 
residence, which is the winter home of the 
family. Their Florida estate is situated fifty 
miles north of Tampa, and includes a paper- 
shell pecan grove of five hundred trees and 
orchard groves — one thereof, containing over 
one thousand tangerine trees, said to be the 
largest number of these trees in any one grove 
in the world. Their Florida investments are 
under the active supervision of their only son, 
Alexander M. Truitt, who is also an active and 
progressive participant in the development of 
that Southern State. The only daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Truitt is Jean M., who is the wife 
of Joseph U. MacKethan, of Brooksville, Fla. 
Edgar A. P. Truitt, the youngest, who was 
born June 22, 1892, died March 14, 1907, 
severing the family ties, which yet are sad- 
dened by his youthful demise. 

COL. AMOR ARCHER McKNIGHT was 
a great-grandson of Alexander and Isabella 
(McBride) McKnight, natives of County 
Down, Ireland. About the year 1790 they im- 
migrated to Franklin county, Pa. Alexander 
-McKnight here pursued agriculture. In 1795 
he removed to and located on the place now 
known as the McKnight farm, on Crooked 
creek, in Washington township, Indiana Co., 
Pa. Six children were born to his union with 
Isabella McBride, two sons and four daugh- 
ters, the sons being Alexander, Jr., and James. 

James McKnight, son of Alexander and Isa- 
bella (McBride) McKnight, located in the 
town of Indiana, where he died May 14, 1819, 
aged about forty-one years. He filled a num- 
ber of offices there creditably, being an excel- 
lent scholar. He was the first burgess of the 
new borough of Indiana in 18 16, and was re- 
elected to that office for the year 1817. He 
was commissioners' clerk for the years 1807 
and 181 1. He was county treasurer for the 
years 1811-12. When the Indiana Academy 
was incorporated, March 28. 1814, Rev. John 
Jamieson and James McKnight were two of 
the thirteen trustees. He married Jane Mc- 
Nutt, May 25, 1807, and to this union were 
born two children : William, born May 5, 1808, 
who died June 9, 1830, in Blairsville, Pa.; and 
Alexander, born June 9, 1810. Jane McKnight, 
the mother of these children, died Aug. 15, 
181 1. James McKnight married (second) 
Nov. 19, 18 r 2, Jane McComb, and to this union 
were born three children, viz. : ( 1 ) James, Jr., 
born Sept. 9. 1813; while a young man he 
migrated to Texas, where he was elected 
mayor of Galveston city. Losing his health, he 



66 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



died in South America, while on a visit, aged 
forty years. (2) John died in infancy. (3) 
Jane accompanied her brother to Texas, where 
she was twice married. Her first husband, 
Colonel Sandusky, was secretary to Gen. Sam 
Houston, the first president of the Texas re- 
public. 

Alexander McKnight, second son of James 
and Jane (McNutt) McKnight. married May 
10, 1831, Mary Thompson, daughter of Wil- 
liam Thompson, of Altman's Run, and grand- 
daughter of Rev. John Jamieson, the pioneer 
preacher to locate in Indiana. Alexander and 
Mary (Thompson) McKnight commenced 
married life in Blairsville, Indiana Co.. Pa., 
and on the 19th of May. 1832, their son Amor 
Archer was born: he afterwards became dis- 
tinguished in the war for the Union as colonel 
of the 105th Regiment of Pennsylvania Volun- 
teers. Late in the fall of 1832 the young 
couple moved into the wilderness of Jefferson 
county. Pa., locating in Brookville. and Alex- 
ander taught the first term of school in the 
borough. Their son, W. J. McKnight, was 
born in Brookville, May 6, 1836. Alexander 
McKnight was a good scholar, but having con- 
tracted fever and ague in New Jersey was an 
invalid ; yet he filled the offices of lieutenant 
colonel in the militia, justice of the peace and 
county treasurer, holding the latter position at 
the time of his death, which occurred in June, 
1837, when he was but twenty-seven years old. 

Aruor Archer McKnight, son of Alexander 
and Mary (Thompson) McKnight, was born 
in Blairsville. Indiana county. May 19, 1832. 
In November, 1832, he was brought by his par- 
ents to Brookville. Jefferson county, and in 
Tune, 1837, his father died. While a little boy 
he worked upon the turnpike. At an early age 
young McKnight returned to Blairsville and 
learned the art of printing in the Appalachian 
office,. and afterwards worked for Mr. Samuel 
McElhose on the Jefferson Star, of Brookville. 
Jefferson county. In 1853 he was admitted to 
the bar, and entered into partnership with the 
late George W. Andrews. Esq.. and at once 
secured a good practice. He had a strong 
predilection for military matters, and from 
1854 until the breaking out of the Civil war 
had been captain of a military company called 
the '"Brookville Rifles." Long before the ac- 
tual storm burst he felt that trouble was at 
hand, and as early as the winter of i860 com- 
menced to recruit his company so as to be 
ready when the emergency might arise. When 
the news of the firing upon Sumter reached 
him he at once offered the services of his com- 
pany, and as captain of Company I, 8th Penn- 



sylvania Regiment, served three months. As 
soon as that term of sen-ice had expired he re- 
cruited the 105th Pennsylvania Regiment, a 
regiment that had no superior in drill, disci- 
pline and manual of the bayonet in the ( i\il 
war. A rigid disciplinarian, he made his com- 
mand one whose fame was known throughout 
the Army of the Potomac. He was an intrepid, 
daring soldier, winning the praise of his su- 
perior officers, and fell May 3, 1863. at the 
head of his gallant veterans in the battle of 
Chancellorsville while leading them against the 
command of Stonewall Jackson, who had 
fallen only a few hours before. 

Amor Archer McKnight at an early age 
evinced a deep love for study, and proved an 
apt and diligent student in the common schools 
and the Brookville Academy, obtaining a good 
average education. He was a close, careful 
reader, and when quite young gathered to- 
gether, as his means would permit, a collection 
of books which in after years proved the 
nucleus of an excellent and extensive library. 
The death of his father when he was so very 
young made him the main support of his 
mother and her little family, and the loving 
care he gave that mother as long as she lived 
was one of his pleasant duties. 

The late Mr. Samuel McElhose, who was 
editor of the Star, in his notice of Colonel Mc- 
Knight's death said of him: "He was an ex- 
cellent workman ; what he found to do he did 
with all his might." The practical and general 
knowledge he gained in the printing office, he 
admitted in after years, had been of incal- 
culable benefit to him. On leaving the Star 
office he entered the law office of W. P. Jenks, 
Esq., where he applied himself to the study of 
law half of each day, the balance of the time 
he had to work at the "case" in the printing 
office, as a means of support. At the February 
term, 1855, he was admitted to practice, and 
soon afterwards entered into partnership with 
G. W. Andrews, Esq. Their firm was one of 
the most successful and had as large a practice 
as any at the Brookville bar. When the first 
alarm of war sounded forth he was one of the 
first to enlist in defense of his country, but his 
military record is given elsewhere in the his- 
tory of his regiment. The court of Jefferson 
county appointed R. Arthurs, W. P. Jenks. G. 
W. Andrews, A. L. Gordon and D. Barclay, 
Esqs., to report resolutions upon the death of 
Colonel McKnight, when he fell at Chancel- 
lorsville, one of which reads as follows : 

"Resolved, That whether regarded as a sol- 
dier, patriot, citizen, friend, brother, or pro- 
tector of his aged parent, Colonel McKnight 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



67 



was true to duty. By his death our country 
has lost one of its brightest ornaments, the 
legal profession a well-informed, trustworthy 
and honorable member." 

Again, on May 27th, the Star said: "He 
cared most tenderly and affectionately for his 
mother. He mourned in deep sorrow over her 
death, and gave the most convincing proofs of 
the great nobleness of his heart. No man is 
without his faults, and of course he had his, 
but one trait we cannot overlook, and that was 
his perfect abstinence from gambling and in- 
temperance. He spent his earnings for stand- 
ard books, and his spare time in perusing them. 
He was laborious and studious. He was fear- 
less and outspoken, generous and obliging, he 
was an ardent admirer of the free institutions 
of his native land, of the right of man to self 
government, and loathed the institution of 
human slavery. His career on earth is ended. 
He has sealed his love of country with his life's 
blood." 

Colonel McKnight never married. At the 
time of his death a commission for general was 
on President Lincoln's desk. At his death 
Colonel McKnight was thirty years, eleven 
months, fifteen days old. 

JOHN G. STEINER, A. M., M. D., an hon- 
ored and influential citizen of Brookville, is a 
native son of Jefferson county and a member 
of a family that was founded in Pennsylvania 
in the second decade of the nineteenth cen- 
tury, whose lineage goes back to patrician 
origin in Germany. As a teacher, a clergyman, 
a physician and a man of affairs, Dr. Steiner 
has marked the passing years with worthy 
and varied achievement, through his character 
and services lending new honors to the family 
name. In the history of Jefferson county no 
names merit more of veneration and fragrant 
memory than those of the parents of Dr. 
Steiner, to whom an appreciative tribute will 
be paid in later paragraphs. 

Relative to the genealogical history of the 
Steiner family the following interesting data 
are available and properly find place in this 
article : The Imperial Archives of the Nobility 
of the Empire at Wetzlar and the Registry 
Office of Family Ancestry and Arms in the 
city of Vienna contain reference to the origin 
of the nobility of the Steiner family, which 
with germane information gained from the 
books of heraldry and tournament at Speyler 
and at Frankfort-am-Main shows that the 
family of Steiner appears as a noble house 
recorded in the archives of Richshammer of 
Regensburg, dated Aug. 22, 1340, where refer- 



ence is made to Maximilian Steiner, who was 
created Knight ( Ritter) Nov. 26, 131 1, by 
Ludwig of Bavaria. The occasion of this 
preferment was incidental to a bear hunt in 
which Maximilian Steiner, who was a Squire 
(Knappe) of the Count of Mansfeld, served 
His Royal Highness, Ludwig of Bavaria. In 
the hunt His Highness became engaged with 
a wounded bear and in a hand-to-hand en- 
counter was receiving the worst of the struggle 
when Maximilian Steiner rushed to the rescue, 
literally strangling the infuriated bear and 
thus saving the life of His Royal Highness. 
In return for this valiant service the King 
created him a Knight (Ritter), at Goslar, and 
presented him with a silver armor (Rustung) 
and a shield, the arms of which portrayed a 
bear in red on a silver field. His Highness 
also gave to his faithful servitor a knight's 
castle, the name of which was thereupon 
changed from Gunthersburg to Steindorf. 

Concerning the coat of arms- of the Steiner 
family, it is sufficient to say that it consists 
of a silver shield, in the middle of which is a 
bear represented in a standing position attack- 
ing the king, the device being surrounded with 
ornaments of gold, underneath which is 
stretched a white band on which is inscribed 
"Maximilian Steiner," the right of which is 
bestowed by His Royal Highness to all of the 
descendants of Maximilian Steiner. It is 
worthy of special note also that Maximilian 
Steiner in later years laid down his life in a 
death struggle for his sovereign and country, 
in contest at Miihldorf against Frederick of 
Austria. 

While it is not within the province of a 
sketch so circumscribed as the one at hand 
minutely to follow the line of genealogy to the 
present time, the data being of themselves suf- 
ficient to fill a volume, it may be of interest to 
note that within the course of a protracted 
conflict, "der lange Krieg," possibly the thirty 
years' war, 1618 to 1648, one branch or house 
of the Steiner family was all but extermi- 
nated. A lone little lad, the only survivor, was 
found on the field of battle, and his identifica- 
tion was effected only by reason of the fact 
that his name was wrought or embroidered in 
his garments, in accordance with the custom 
of the locality and period. This youth was 
reared to manhood in the Kingdom of Wurt- 
temberg and figures as the ancestor of the 
distinguished Steiner family of Pennsylvania 
to which this review applies. 

Dr. John G. Steiner, son of Michael and 
Maria Steiner, was born April 26, 1797, in 
YViirttemberg, and thus was nearly twenty 



68 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



years of age when, on the 17th of April, 181 7, 
he embarked on a sailing vessel and set forth 
to seek his fortune in America. After a voy- 
age of nearly nine months' duration he arrived 
and disembarked at Staten Island, New York, 
on the 1 2th of January, 1818. Three months 
later, on the 27th of April, he established his 
home at Lancaster, Pa., where the majority of 
the original colonists had come from the same 
"staat" in Germany as had he himself. Dr. 
John G. Steiner had received in his Father- 
land the best of educational advantages, and it 
is supposed that there he received his train- 
ing for the medical profession, of which he 
became a skilled and honored representative 
in the land of his adoption. 

On the 1st of August, 1819, Dr. Steiner 
wedded Katharyn Watkins, and they became 
the parents of two children : George, who was 
born July 13, 1820; and Michael E., who was 
born Oct. [9, [822, and who was the father 
of him whose name initiates this article. On 
the 2d of April, 182 1. Dr. Steiner removed 
with his family to Selin's Grove, Snyder Co., 
Pa., where his devoted wife died on the yth 
of July, 1S23. On the 13th of March, 1824. 
was solemnized the marriage of Dr. Steiner 
to Katharyn Frey. of Union county. By this 
union there were three children : John and 
Isaac, twins, were born Aug. 22, 1826, the 
former dying on the 5th of November, 1837; 
Elizabeth, the only daughter of Dr. Steiner, 
the honored pioneer, was born Nov. 2, 1828. 
On the 2d of April, 1838, Dr. Steiner removed 
with his family to Limestone, Clarion Co.. 
Pa., there continuing in the active and success- 
ful practice of medicine until about 1850. 
when he retired from the work of his profes- 
sion after many years of earnest and self- 
abnegating service in the alleviation of human 
suffering and distress. He passed the closing 
period of his long and noble life at Knox 
Dale, Jefferson county, where he was sum- 
moned to eternal rest on the 2d of February, 
1880, at the age of eighty-two years, nine 
months, six days. 

Of the children of Dr. Steiner, the eldest, 
George, set forth for the West on the 2d of 
July, 1843. and thereafter all trace of him 
was lost by his kinsfolk in Pennsylvania. 
Michael E., the second of the children, is the 
subject of later paragraphs. Isaac Steiner, one 
of the twin sons of the second marriage of 
Dr. Steiner, was reared and educated in 
Clarion county and on the 1st of August, 1850, 
wedded Wilhelmina Cupp, whose father was 
a clergyman and at that time a resident of 
Fayette county. Isaac and Wilhelmina Steiner 



became the parents of six children, of whom 
Alvin and Alice died in early childhood. Of 
those who attained to years of maturity Wes- 
ley married Miss Anna McCarty, and they 
are now residents of Lancaster, Ohio; Albert 
Wilson first wedded Miss Rose Sweezy and 
after her death he married Mrs. Sue L. E. 
Plorn, of Brookville, Pa., their present home 
being at Monticello, Iowa ; Sadie is the wife 
of James McConnel, of Hopkinton, that State ; 
Amy, who became the wife of Robert Craig 
( deceased) on July 31, 1900, is now a resident 
of Brookville; their union was blessed with 
two children, Robert, Jr., and Mary. Eliza- 
beth, the only daughter of the late John G. 
Steiner, was united in marriage, on the 1st of 
February, 1844, to Amos Hinderleiter, and 
they became the parents of three children who 
attained to maturity: Isaac, who wedded Miss 
Clara Tyson, their home being at Oil City, 
Pa.; Amanda, who is the wife of William 
Fryer, of that place; and Emma, who is the 
wife of Millard Scheide, of Franklin, Venango 
county. 

Michael E. Steiner, father of Dr. John G. 
Steiner, was reared to manhood in Clarion 
count)- and made good use of the educational 
advantages that were afforded to him in the 
schools of the period. His character was the 
positive expression of a strong and noble 
nature, and he made the world better and 
brighter for his having lived. On the 20th of 
August, 1843, he was united in marriage to 
Susan Rhoads, of Greenville, Clarion county, 
and for a number of years thereafter they 
maintained their residence in Crawford 
county. In the spring of 1851 Mr. Steiner 
came with his family to Jefferson county, 
where from the Samuel Fox estate he pur- 
chased a tract of timbered land in what is 
now Knox township. There he instituted the 
reclamation of a farm from the wilderness and 
continued his earnest activities until 1857, 
when, foreseeing the possibility of establishing 
a village which should become a place of no 
little relative importance in the county, in con- 
sonance with his progressiveness and faith he 
platted and founded the village of Knox Dale 
( it should have received the name of Stein- 
dorf, but he showed his characteristic modesty 
by adopting that of Knox Dale ). His son, Dr. 
John G. Steiner. has written an appreciative 
estimate from which we make the following 
extracts, with slight paraphrase. 

"No sooner did he resolve to found the new 
village than he began the building of inexpen- 
sive dwelling's, which were quickly tenanted 
and purchased. One of these houses, after an 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



69 



occupancy of nearly half a century, is still 
in a good state of preservation. 

"Mr. Steiner held many offices of trust, and 
he was appointed postmaster at Knox Dale 
in the early period when it was deemed a 
luxury to receive mail once a week, the same 
being transported by a postman from the 
county seat. He served twenty years as justice 
of the peace, being noted for a number of 
amicable settlements he secured between liti- 
gants, always throwing off his costs. During 
the Civil war. though incapacitated for service 
by reason of physical infirmities, he was not 
unmindful of the necessities of the bereaved 
widows and orphans of soldiers ; the poor were 
never turned empty away when they applied 
to him for aid. About the year 1861 Mr. 
Steiner engaged in the general merchandise 
business at Knox Dale, but sold the same 
within a comparatively short period. A few 
years later, however, he repurchased the busi- 
ness, and after conducting the same success- 
fully until 1876 turned it over to his son 
Daniel 1. 

"Mr. Steiner's crowning work, which should 
be regarded as his true monument, was accom- 
plished in 1874, when, during the ministry of 
his eldest son. Rev. John G. Steiner, he built 
the Knox Dale edifice of the United Brethren 
Church, his wife and children assisting him 
and his eldest son holding the first services 
and protracted meeting in the new church, to 
the membership list of which scores of names 
were added at this time. Prior to this, the 
congregation had worshipped in a schoolhouse 
from the date of its organization, in i860, and 
when the little brown schoolhouse could no 
longer accommodate the growing needs of the 
times, Mr. Steiner heeded the commands of 
the Divine Master and cheerfully placed his 
life's earnings on the altar. Though other 
noble heart offerings were bestowed, the sum 
total of the same did not equal one-fourth of 
his contribution. He simply purchased, em- 
ployed, built and paid the same as though he 
were building for himself, and with this he 
continued the chief contributor to the general 
upkeep of the church for years to come. See- 
ing this church edifice, after almost half a 
century, occupied by a large and constantly 
growing congregation, with a Sabbath school 
numbering hundreds of members, with an in- 
fluence that extends far and wide in its benig- 
nancy. and from the altar of which church many 
have entered the arena of right living, pub- 
lishing a life of universal 'brotherhood, as 
taught by the Master ; and remembering the 
hosts who have from the corridors of this 



place of worship seen the light and found the 
better way, finally to enter the Eternal City, 
need anyone wonder that the writer regards 
this opportunity as heaven-sent and that he 
has the privilege, from memory and records, 
of offering these lines in honor of the life work 
of the sainted Michael E. Steiner and his wife, 
Susan Steiner, whose bodies rest in Mount 
Pleasant cemetery, Mrs. Steiner having entered 
into e'ernal rest on the 16th of July, 1895, and 
Michael E. Steiner having passed to his re- 
ward on the 27th of December, 1897, so that 
in death they were not long divided." 

Michael E. and Susan Steiner became the 
parents of nine children, of whom four, Julian. 
Curtis, Susan and Joseph Henderson Steiner, 
died in early childhood. Two daughters, Eliza- 
beth and Amanda, lived to the ages of nineteen 
and fourteen, respectively, both dying during a 
diphtheria epidemic in 1863. Of the three 
children who attained to years of maturity the 
eldest is Dr. John Goodwin Steiner, to whom 
this sketch is dedicated, and who was born at 
the old Steiner homestead in Knox township, 
on the 26th of March, 1851 ; Alice B. was born 
January 14, 1854; and Daniel I.. February 25. 
1858. 

Alice B. Steiner was united in marriage to 
Maberry C. Rhoads, of Indiana, Pa., on the 
30th of March, 187(1. ( )f their children the 
eldest is E. Burdette Rhoads, who was born 
Sept. 14, [882, and who resides with his fam- 
ilv in the city of Pittsburgh. He wedded Lula 
Twigger. of that city, and they have three 
children. Alice B., John Goodwin Steiner and 
Reba Maize. Jerry M. Rhoads, the younger 
of the two children of Maberry C. and Alice 
1'.. t Steiner) Rhoads, was born Dec. 2, 1885, 
and now resides at Brookville. He married 
Reba Maize Stewart, daughter of Robert B. 
Stewart, of Prookville, the marriage ceremony 
haying been performed April 25, 1906. Mrs. 
Alice B. ( Steiner) Rhoads died on the 30th of 
October, [906, and her husband passed away 
Nov. (1, mi 1. their remains being laid to rest 
in Mount Pleasant cemetery. 

Daniel 1. Steiner succeeded his father in 
tlie general merchandise business at Knox 
Dale in 187(1, and, with a few brief interrup- 
tions, he there continued his active association 
with this line of enterprise until IQ13, since 
which year he has there lived virtually retired. 
He served as postmaster of the village and 
also in numerous other offices of local trust. 
( )n the 26th of January, 1882, he married 
Phoebe J. North, daughter of Joseph P. North, 
of which union was born a daughter, Isa North 
Steiner, on Dec. 22, 1886. At an early age 



70 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



this daughter commenced the development of 
her exceptional musical talent, and became a 
successful and popular teacher of instrumental 
music, but when in the prime of life became 
afflicted with Graves' disease, to the ravages 
of which she succumbed, during an operation, 
on the 22d of April, 1913. 

Dr. John G. Steiner was afforded the advan- 
tages of the Belleview Academy at Stanton. 
Pa., under the able preceptorship of Rev. 
James McFarland and Prof. Thomas B. Gal- 
breath. At the age of sixteen years he began 
teaching in the schools of his native county, 
and later completed the classical course in 
Lebanon Valley College, from which he was 
graduated, receiving from this institution at 
that time the degree of bachelor of arts ; later 
the master's degree also was conferred upon 
him. Dr. Steiner was graduated in the Union 
Biblical Seminary, and in 1874 he was ordained 
a clergyman of the United Brethren Church. 
As a minister he served the charges at Knox 
Dale, Allegheny and Bellefonte, and later 
Wilkinsburg, Shamokin and St. John stations. 

During Dr. Steiner's student days at Leb- 
anon Valley College he became acquainted 
with H. Lincoln Musser, a student and later 
a graduate of that college, who subsequently 
incorporated the Musser & Johnson Seed Com- 
pany, of Los Angeles, Cal.. which friendship 
led to Dr. Steiner's acquaintance with his 
sister. Miss Ada Musser, daughter of Henry 
S. Musser. The latter was a pioneer lumber- 
man of Lancaster county, and for sixty-one 
years a member of the Musser & Miller Cum- 
ber Company, of Marietta, Pa., which co- 
partnership was dissolved only by the death 
of Mr. Musser. which occurred on the 17th day 
of January. 1901. The marriage of Dr. Steiner 
and Miss Musser was solemnized on Dec. 25, 
[883, by Dr. D. D. DeLong, president of Leb- 
anon Valley College, since which time they 
have together shared life's labors and enjoy- 
ments. When impaired health compelled the 
Doctor to resign from the active ministry — 
having been granted a superannuated relation 
with the East Presbyterian Conference of the 
United Brethren Church — he began the study 
of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 
where he remained several years, when on ac- 
count of greatlv impaired health he removed 
to California, completing his course in Cooper 
Medical College, from which he received the 
Diploma of the institution, which was again 
indorsed by the Western University of Pitts- 
burgh, after which he located at Knox Dale, 
where he continued a successful and unopposed 
practice up to Nov. 10th, 1915, since which he 



has retired to private life with his wife, and 
they are now residents of Brookville, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

During Dr. Steiner's practice at Knox Dale 
he became interested in coal lands and became 
one of the organizers and incorporators of the 
Knox Dale Coal & Coke Co. in 19 10, of which 
he is president, Joseph B. Henderson being its 
treasurer and Ira J. Campbell superintendent 
and general manager. This company has valu- 
able coal lands in Jefferson county and is prose- 
cuting successful operations in the develop- 
ment of the property. Though the enterprise 
is one of immature order it shows a constantly 
growing importance, and gives employment to 
an average force of about seventy-five men. 

I luring Dr. Steiner's more active career he 
was always interested in children and young 
folks, and while engaged in the work of the 
ministry he organized young people's societies 
in the various churches over which he had 
pastoral charge, though this was before the 
time when such organizations were of frequent 
occurrence. He aided scores of worthy young 
men and aspiring young women to gain posi- 
tions of trust that culminated in life profes- 
sions. While the incumbent of a pastorate 
in the city of Pittsburgh he was a member 
of the Gounod Choral Club, and he has been 
a liberal contributor to temperance and Sun- 
day-school music, his love for the "divine art" 
being possibly a family inheritance from the 
days of Jacob Steiner, of violin fame in the 
fourteenth century of the Christian era. 

WILLIAM J. BROWN, of Punxsutawney, 
president of the County National Bank, has 
followed a career entirely in keeping with 
the traditions of his family. As chief execu- 
tive officer of this bank since its establishment, 
he has by his success in the field of finance 
brought additional honor to the reputation of 
the members of the Brown family for versa- 
tile ability in business, combined with progres- 
sive ideals which enhance the value of their 
cooperation in any enterprise so favored. 

Bells Mills, Jefferson county, was the home 
of the Browns for many years. William John 
Brown was born March 13. 1S54. son of 
Henry Brown, who is mentioned at length 
elsewhere in this work. Though the second 
eldest of a large family, he was carefully 
reared and educated. After attending public 
school up to the age of seventeen years, he 
became a student at Scio University, in Ohio, 
where he remained for three years, and upon 
his return to Pennsylvania he was located at 
Pittsburgh for two years, following the lum- 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



71 



ber business, which he continued when he 
came back to Jefferson county, joining his 
father. This was his principal occupation until 
1885, from which time for a period of ten 
years he was internal revenue collector of this 
district, meantime engaging to some extent in 
lumbering and also taking a prominent part, in 
borough affairs, as mayor of Punxsutawney. 

When the County National Bank of Punx- 
sutawney, the third financial institution to do 
business in the borough, was founded William 
J. Brown became president, with J. R. Pantall 
as vice president and J. E. Pantall as cashier. 
The bank opened for business Oct. 10, 1910, 
and has had a prosperous existence, with no 
change among the executive officials except 
in the vice presidency, now filled by H. Meade 
McGee. The directors, besides these three, 
are : W. S. Blaisdell, P. L. Brown, N. S. North, 
J. X. Kelly, H. L. Grube, E. W. Smith, J. D. 
Williams, H. D. Widdowson and W. F. Brown. 
Miss Ruth Sprankle and J. Carlton Miner are 
assistant cashiers. The bank is capitalized at 
one hundred thousand dollars, and the de- 
posits in September, 191 6, had reached eight 
hundred and thirty-six thousand dollars. 

Mr. Brown married Margaret Elizabeth 
Zeitler, daughter of the late George Zeitler, 
pioneer merchant of Punxsutawney. They 
have one daughter, Bertha, now the wife of 
Maurice Coulter, chief engineer for the 
Rochester & Pittsburgh Coal & Iron Company 
at Punxsutawney. 

JAMES M. CANNING is a name which 
stood for substantial worth and merit among 
business men in Brookville. To all of his fel- 
low citizens his career was an example of the 
success which follows industry and undeviat- 
ing adherence to strict principles. Forty years 
ago he began merchandising in a small way, 
and at the time of his death, on June 27, 1916, 
his establishment had the distinction of hav- 
ing been longer conducted under its original 
name than any other in the town, and was 
one of the largest mercantile houses in the 
town and county. Mr. Canning won his way 
to such standing by means which made him 
in his other relations in life an agreeable and 
desirable companion. With honorable suc- 
cess and the respect of his townsmen to show 
after a lifetime of endeavor, he occupied an 
enviable position, and deserved all the good 
which came to him. 

Mr. Canning was of Irish extraction, his 
parents. John and Bedelia (Dooner) Canning, 
having been born in Ireland, whence the father 
came to this country about 1845. He was 



married at Paterson, N. J., and then removed 
to Pittsburgh, Pa., where he spent the re- 
mainder of his life, dying in the year 1854. 
By trade he was a stonemason, and he fol- 
lowed that and other labor. Mrs. Canning 
eventually moved to Brookville, Pa., where 
her death occurred in 1884. They were the 
parents of four children: James M.; Mary, 
who died young; Thomas, born Oct. 31, 1853, 
who was employed in the lumber business in 
Jefferson county, where he died in May, 1881 ; 
and John Francis, who died young. 

James Dooner, a brother of Mrs. Bedelia 
(Dooner) Canning, served in the Civil war, 
enlisting from Pittsburgh in Company H, 63d 
Regiment, and serving under Col. R. B. Hays. 
He was born in Ireland, and died in Pitts- 
burgh. 

James M. Canning was born in Pittsburgh 
Feb. 12, 1849, an d being so young when his 
father died had restricted advantages for 
schooling. He commenced work when a mere 
child, and was but eleven years old when he 
came to Brookville, where he was variously 
employed for a number of years. At one 
time he drove the old stagecoach which plied 
in this section, over what was known as the 
\\ ilderness route, from Luthersburg to Brook- 
ville. By economy he accumulated a little cap- 
ital, and on Oct. 3, 1875, he engaged in the 
grocery business in a modest way in Brook- 
ville, at the site on Main street where the 
Pfaff meat market is now located. In time he 
enlarged the scope of his enterprise, opening 
a dry goods department, and, as prosperity 
came to him, continued to widen out. In 
fact, this store has for a score of years and 
more had the reputation of being one of the 
most completely stocked houses of the kind 
in Brookville. The service and attention to cus- 
tomers have shown careful study of the 
requirements of the trade and of obliging 
methods which could not fail to satisfy even 
the most exacting. Thus the establishment 
attained a prestige unrivaled in the county, and 
Mr. Canning may well have taken pride in 
what he accomplished, for the town as well as 
himself, the advantage of stores of this class 
being very apparent to the community which 
supports them. From his original location he 
removed to the storeroom now occupied by 
Stewart & Porter, and about twenty years ago 
purchased the Dr. Rodgers block on Main 
street, a large brick building with two store- 
rooms, the lower floors of which have been 
used for his business since May 17, 1902. He 
rented the rest of the building for offices. For 
a number of years Mr. Canning had his son 



72 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



associated with him in the operation of the 
business, which is now entirely under the con- 
trol of the younger man, who in respect to 
bo.th personality and correct business policies 
shows every promise of being a worthy suc- 
cessor. The strong attachment which existed 
between father and son was one rarely 
equaled, and in view of that and of the feeling 
entertained for Mr. Canning by all his asso- 
ciates, we arrive naturally at the conclusion 
that the closer the association the more intense 
the esteem he animated. Moreover, the kind- 
liness of his relations extended to all who knew 
him. His prosperity made it possible for him 
to gratify his philanthropic instincts to an 
enjoyable degree, and though he avoided pub- 
licity in his benefactions his known generosity 
was a characteristic which endeared him to 
many. At the time of his death it was said : 
"He was very generous, but he never allowed 
his left hand to know what his right hand was 
doing. He was always watching for the needy 
and those in distress. It was his delight to 
assist them, but he never spoke of this and the 
world will never know the large number that 
he aided. It is a secret between lips that are 
now closed forever and the recipients of his 
benefactions." His success was but a logical 
result of the well directed energy and attention 
which he gave practically undivided to his 
business. Though not of robust appearance he 
had good health until his last illness, and he 
rose early and applied himself effectively to 
whatever he had in hand. It was nothing 
unusual to see him before his store as early as 
six in the morning, and promptness was 
another marked trait of his business system. 
Delays of any sort were against his nature, 
hence he was able to keep his affairs in order 
up to the minute, and he had a gift for detail 
that was shown in his intimate knowledge of 
all the little points of information valuable in 
the conduct of his large business. He never 
sought public honors or office, though always 
ready to aid in the cause of good government 
and giving his support to the best candidates 
and measures. Politically he supported the 
Democratic party. He never joined a church, 
although in the last few years of his life he 
gave much attention to the religious phase of 
his life. It was his intention to become a 
church member and he had expressed a desire 
to place his membership in the local Methodist 
Episcopal Church, of which his family were 
all members. His ill health and untimely death 
prevented this wish from being accomplished. 
Mr. Canning died at Brookville after four 
months' illness with heart disease, from which 



the best physicians in this part of the State 
could give him no relief. His popularity 
among his extensive circle of acquaintances 
was strongly evidenced in the widespread grief 
which manifested itself when the news of his 
passing away was given out to the community. 
During the funeral obsequies, which were held 
in the afternoon of Friday, June 30th, all busi- 
ness in Brookville was suspended as a mark of 
respect to one whose life had been bound up 
so closely with all its interests. He was buried 
in the Brookville cemetery. 

On Sept. 17, 1874, at Corsica, Jefferson 
county, Mr. Canning married Lillie F. Scrib- 
ner, the ceremony being performed by Rev. J. 
Stevenson, of that place. Two children were 
born to this marriage : Cora C, born June 4, 
1N7K, became the wife of Paul Hughes, and 
died Dec. 6, 1903. James S., born Sept. 19, 
1880, married Carolee Hawthorne, daughter 
of James F. and Sarah Caroline (Johnston) 
Hawthorne, on Sept. 17, 1906, the thirty- 
second anniversary of the marriage of lames 
M. Canning and wife. They have three chil- 
dren, James Hawthorne, Thomas Scribner and 
Robert Johnston. Mrs. Canning has long been 
a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and is held in high esteem by her many friends 
in the borough. 

Alexander S. Scribner, Mrs. James M. Can- 
ning's father, was engaged in the hotel busi- 
ness at Brookville for some years, and later 
kept the "American Hotel" in Pittsburgh for 
about fifteen years. He died June 28, 1897, at 
Brookville, and his wife, Cynthia B. (Cheese- 
bro), died April 10, 1884, at the home of her 
daughter Mrs. Canning; their remains are in- 
terred in the Brookville cemetery. They had 
a family of four children, Frank L., Lillie F. 
(Mrs. Canning), Samuel A. (of whom special 
mention is made elsewhere) and Emma, the 
last named dying in infancy. Lillie F. was 
born Feb. 10, 1855, in Kalamazoo county, 
Mich., and was seven years old when she 
moved with her parents to Brookville, where 
she has since had her home. 

SAMUEL A. RINN is a name which stands 
for leadership in Punxsutawney, where there 
are a number of distinguishing local institu- 
tions wholly or in part the result of the force- 
ful personality of this one man, who has spent 
most of his mature years there. Undoubtedly 
Mr. Rinn is best known in business circles for 
his success in the development of coal prop- 
erties, which have engaged his attention prin- 
cipally since young manhood, and in that asso- 
ciation he has a reputation among operators 



;RK 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



73 



the country over as an authority on mines and 
mining. In his particular section of Pennsyl- 
vania his is one of the master minds which 
have dictated the banking policies now pre- 
vailing, with such wholesome effect on all busi- 
ness operations. But it is in his home town, 
the place where all his varied interests have 
centered, that his worth is best appreciated. 
There the effects of his stimulating influence 
have permeated every avenue of activity 
opened up by public spirit, and the prosperity 
of many an enterprise of utmost importance 
may be attributed without question to his 
energizing impulse and wide guidance. For 
it is noteworthy that although Mr. Rinn has 
been carrying large undertakings of his own 
forward for years, their demands have never 
turned him from the call of good citizenship, 
of which he has been an example throughout 
his residence in the borough. Punxsutawney 
is proud of his achievements in big business 
and grateful for the industrial impetus they 
have given to the locality. But it is no less 
sensible of many other acts inspired solely by 
goodwill toward his fellows and an unselfish 
desire to aid such projects as may be of service 
to a great majority of his townsmen. To these 
his talents and executive ability have been 
devoted as freely as to his private concerns. 

Though almost a lifelong resident of Jeffer- 
son county, Mr. Rinn is a native of the adjoin- 
ing county of Indiana, where his grandfather, 
Daniel Frederick Rinn, settled when he came 
with bis wife and family from Germany. 
They located on a farm in Rayne township. 
where the grandparents lived to a ripe old 
age. 

John Rinn, father of Samuel A. Rinn, was 
born in Germany, and was seven years old 
when the family came to this country. He 
grew to manhood in Rayne township, and 
what little education he received was obtained 
in the public school of the home locality. He 
was very young when he commenced to work, 
being employed in the timber and at anything 
else he could do. At the time of his marriage 
he settled on a farm of his own in North 
Mahoning township, Indiana county, and later 
bought and moved to a farm in Perry town- 
ship, Jefferson county, where he died in 1894, 
when sixty-seven years old. In Indiana county 
he was married to Margaret Haag, a native of 
Germany, who came to America with an older 
brother and a younger sister. Mr. and Mrs. 
Rinn were reared in the faith of the .Lutheran 
Church, and joined the Evangelical denomina- 
tion. He was a Republican in political opin- 
ion. Six children were born to this worthy 



couple: Mary A., Mrs. Walter Hunter, now 
deceased; Samuel A. ; Daniel Frederick, a suc- 
cessful business man of Indiana, Pa.; Sarah, 
Mrs. William Brumbaugh ; Jennie, Mrs. Jacob 
Lingenfelter, deceased ; and Lizzie, Mrs. 
Humble, deceased. 

Samuel A. Rinn was born on the farm in 
North Mahoning township, Indiana county, 
and was six years old when he came with the 
family to Jefferson county, where he acquired 
his education in the common schools. When 
he commenced work it was in the employ of 
the Rochester & Pittsburgh Coal & Iron Com- 
pany, and in a humble position. But before 
long his ability and character so commended 
him to the good graces of his superiors that 
he was promoted steadily, and in five years 
had attained the post of superintendent, in 
which capacity he remained for ten years, 
during which time his services were uniformly 
satisfactory. It was while so engaged that 
he opened up the mine at Eleanora, Jefferson 
county, which came to be considered the best 
bituminous coal mine in the United States. 
Coming from there to Punxsutawney, he took 
charge of the mines at Adrian and Walston, 
but in 1898 he severed his connection with 
the Rochester & Pittsburgh Company to de- 
vote his time to his own interests, which had 
been increasing steadily in importance. In 1892 
he had entered into partnership with T. M. 
Kurtz, of Punxsutawney, under the firm name 
of Kurtz & Rinn, for the purpose of operat- 
ing coal properties, and their business grew 
to such an extent that he eventually resigned 
to give all bis attention to it. Besides, he 
acquired ownership of a coal mine at Adrian 
which produced five hundred tons daily. With 
this as a foundation, Mr. Rinn has advanced 
to a foremost position among the business 'men 
of the county. Upon his initiative the organi- 
zation of the Summit Coal Company, of Day- 
ton, Armstrong Co., Pa., was effected, their 
workings being the first coal development in 
all that region. The output is now fifteen hun- 
dred tons daily. Mr. Rinn is president of this 
company, and has other extensive holdings in 
the same locality. He is also president of the 
Bowersville Coal Company, in Gaskill town- 
ship, Jefferson county, whose daily produc- 
tion is five hundred tons. He is the largest 
independent coal operator in this county, 
whose daily production is three thousand tons. 

Naturally Mr. Rinn has taken a hand in 
promoting other enterprises established for 
the convenience of local merchants and manu- 
facturers. The Board of Trade was brought 
into existence and fostered largely through his 



74 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



efforts, and he has served as president. He is 
president of the Punxsutawney National Bank, 
the leading bank in the county, and his per- 
sonal reliability has been to a great degree 
responsible for its strong position in financial 
circles, for had the privilege of control fallen 
to others less capable and conscientious, this 
depository could easily enough have taken lesser 
rank among the foremost banking houses 
of Pennsylvania. This substantial institution 
came into existence in 1901, and has since 
then occupied perfectly appointed quarters in 
the Kurtz block, at No. 114 East Mahoning 
street. When the Central Bankers' Associa- 
tion was founded, its territory embracing the 
counties of Jefferson, Clearfield and Indiana, 
with a membership of fifty-two banks, Mr. 
Rinn was installed president, and is still a 
member of the executive committee. From the 
time of its organization he has been a director 
of the Indiana Street Railway Company. He 
was one of the organizers of the Punxsutaw- 
ney Wholesale & Retail Hardware Company, 
and has been its president from the beginning. 

Mr. Rinn's practical foresight has enabled 
him to judge accurately the value of various 
movements started with the idea of benefiting 
the community, and he is justly considered a 
safe guide in such matters. Whatever he 
favors is looked upon as worthy of support. 
He has been one of the moving spirits in the 
Hospital Association, which he has served as 
president, and he has been vice president of 
the Punxsutawney Fair Association, which 
has flourished principally through his influence. 
For four years the grounds of the association 
had been out of use, and the buildings had 
almost fallen into decay. Mr. Rinn, to insure 
the rehabilitation of the property, purchased 
the grounds and was instrumental in organiz- 
ing the new association, cooperating with a 
number of the most progressive men of the 
town and county. Their efforts were success- 
ful, and a number of profitable fairs have 
been held under their auspices. Other local 
affairs have had the benefit of his assistance, 
always disinterested, for he has not sought 
public honors or position. His church rela- 
tions are with the Central Presbyterian con- 
gregation, which he is serving officially as 
trustee, and to whose maintenance he has been 
a gracious contributor. 

In 1884 Mr. Rinn married Annie M. Kurtz, 
and they have an ideal home, famous for its 
hospitality and good cheer among the many 
friends Mr. Rinn has made in the course of his 
active career. Some twenty years ago he built 
what is generally considered the finest resi- 



dence in Punxsutawney, and a popular center 
of entertainment in the borough, where his 
wife shares his popularity thoroughly. Three 
children were born to them : Mary Viola, now 
the wife of Thomas Dawson and living at 
Scottdale, Westmoreland Co., Pa. (they have 
one child, Clara Blanche) ; Margaret S., wife 
of Eugene Winslow, of Punxsutawney (they 
have two sons, Samuel R. and John C.) ; and 
Ida Pauline, wife of Dr. Daniel Ritter, a physi- 
cian of Punxsutawney and member of the 
staff of the Adrian Hospital. 

DR. WILLIAM FELTWELL BEYER, of 
Punxsutawney, has a long record of success 
in the general practice of medicine and sur- 
gery, which he has followed at that borough 
since 1879. when he graduated in medicine 
from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia. 
He prepared himself for college at Dayton 
Academy, in Armstrong county, studied medi- 
cine in Plumville, Indiana county, with the late 
Dr. Christopher McEwen, and located in Punx- 
sutawney in 1879. having been actively en- 
gaged in the practive ever since that time. In 
1892 he spent five months in Philadelphia in 
post-graduate study, taking up the diseases of 
the eye. in Wills Eye Hospital. 

Dr. Beyer was born in Indiana county, near 
Smicksburg, and was a son of the late Samuel 
Beyer and Caroline (Feltwell) Beyer. This 
branch of the Beyer (or Baer) family are 
descendants of Abraham Beyer, who came to 
Norristown, Pa., in 1734 from Holland, 
whither he, with other eastern Pennsylvania 
German stock, had emigrated from Silicia, 
Austria (now Germany). Dr. Beyer very 
soon after locating in Punxsutawnev estab- 
lished a large practice in both medicine and 
surgery, and for fourteen years was surgeon 
on the Bells Gap railroad. He became a mem- 
ber of the Jefferson County Medical Society in 
1881, and was elected as president of that 
society in 1887. He was made a member of 
the Pennsylvania State Medical Society in 
1888 and represented his county society in 
the State meetings on several occasions, being 
a member of the house of delegates in 1916. 
He also became a member of the American 
Medical Association in 1894 and is still active 
in the study and progress of medical research. 

In the development of the resources of 
Punxsutawney and surrounding country Dr. 
Beyer has been active. He helped to organize 
the first electric light company in this part of 
the State and was president of the Jefferson 
Electric Light, Heat and Power Company for 
twentv-three vears. 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



75 



Dr. Beyer was married in 1880 to Margaret 
Ann Mitchell, of Punxsutawney, and his fam- 
ily consists of three children : Samuel Meigs. 
Mary Elleanor and Margaret Virginia. Mrs, 
Beyer died in 191 1. The son, Dr. S. Meigs 
Beyer, is now a partner with his father, having 
graduated from the University of Pennsylvania 
in 1907, and has been appointed by the com- 
missioner of health of Pennsylvania as county 
medical inspector for Jefferson county, which 
position he has filled for the past five years, 
also having charge of the free State dispen- 
sarv for the treatment of tuberculosis in 
Punxsutawney. Dr. S. Meigs Beyer was mar- 
ried in 1916 to Anna Eva Alexander, of New 
Philadelphia, Ohio. Mary Elleanor is mar- 
ried to John C. Mahaffey, of Cherry Tree, and 
Margaret Virginia is at home. Politically Dr. 
Beyer is a Republican. The Beyer family 
have been Methodists for several generations, 
and the Doctor is no exception, being a mem- 
ber of the First M. E. Church of Punx- 
sutawney. 

WILLIAM D. J. MARLIN. A publica- 
tion of this nature exercises one of its highest 
and most important functions when it enters 
memorial tribute to so influential and honored 
a citizen as the late William D. J. Marlin, who 
passed his mature life in Jefferson county. He 
was a scion of one of the sterling pioneer fam- 
ilies of this section of the State, and was long 
one of the most liberal, progressive citizens of 
the borough of Brookville. To the develop- 
ment and advancement of that borough he 
contributed in large and generous measure, 
there having been no citizen to whom a greater 
debt of appreciation and honor is due in this 
respect. He was a leader in popular sentiment 
and action, initiated the movement which gave 
to Brookville its fine waterworks system, and 
one of his most noble and praiseworthy works 
was his earnest and devoted service in the 
developing of the beautiful Brookville ceme- 
tery, to which he gave years of thought and 
action, holding his association with the enter- 
prise virtually as a sacred trust in the twenty- 
three years he was secretary of the Brookville 
Cemetery Association. During the last thir- 
teen years of that time he had entire control 
and management of the affairs of the beautiful 
''God's Acre" in which so many Jefferson 
county citizens have found sepulture. He 
assumed the position of secretary of the ceme- 
tery association on the 25th of December, 1863, 
shortly after its incorporation on the 1st of 
the preceding April, and he remained the val- 



ued incumbent of that important executive 
office until about two years prior to his death. 

Mr. Marlin was born in Indiana county. Pa., 
Nov. 13, 1831, and was summoned to eternal 
rest at his beautiful home in Brookville on the 
15th of November. 1888, "a man among men 
and faithful to the end." His mortal remains 
rest in the cemetery over which he so long 
kept earnest watch and ward, and his memory 
is revered in the community in which he 
lived and labored to goodly ends, with exalted 
ideals, with strong and virile mind and with 
an integrity of purpose that was ever manifest 
in his faithful stewardship in all of the rela- 
tions of life. Reared to manhood under the 
conditions that obtained during the pioneer 
era in the history of this section, Mr. Marlin 
waxed strong in mental and physical powers. 
He duly availed himself of such advantages 
as the common schools of the locality and 
period afforded, receiving his education in his 
native county, and was not denied the practi- 
cal discipline of which is begotten enduring 
appreciation of the dignity and value of honest 
toil and endeavor. He came to Brookville in 
the year 1850. As a young man he formulated 
definite plans for a future career, and in con- 
sonance with his ambitious purpose he began 
the study of law, to which he applied himself 
diligently under effective private preceptor- 
ship, with the result that he grounded himself 
thoroughly in the principles of jurisprudence 
and proved himself eligible for the bar, to 
which he was admitted in May, 1868. He then 
engaged in the practice of his profession at 
Brookville, where for a time he was associated 
with the late John Conrad and later with 
William F. Stewart, who were his honored 
professional coadjutors. He won a large 
measure of prestige and success in his chosen 
vocation and continued in active practice many 
years, as one of the essentially representative 
members of the bar of his native county. His 
preparation for the legal profession was begun 
while he was serving as justice of the peace, 
an office of which he continued the incumbent 
for ten years and which he made in his admin- 
istration worthy of its title. 

All things pertinent to the welfare and 
progress of his home town and county ever 
lay close to the heart of this honored citizen. 
Under his fostering care the Brookville ceme- 
tery was* developed from a straggling and 
unkempt burying ground into one of the most 
beautiful cemeteries in this section of the 
State. In the office of secretary and superin- 
tendent of the cemetery association he was 
constant, faithful and watchful, and his wise 



76 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



policies and suggestions proved the medium 
through which the borough of Brookville 
gained its idyllic resting place for those who 
"rest from their labors." 

Mr. Marlin was also the foremost figure in 
giving to Brookville its excellent system of 
waterworks, and the history of the same shall 
ever be a high tribute to him for his effective 
interposition and service. On the 28th of 
July, 1883, in signalizing his belief that Brook- 
ville was entitled to modern and effective 
water service, Mr. Marlin, with characteristic 
energy and earnestness, took the initiative in 
the effort to compass the desired municipal 
improvement. He set vigorously forth to 
determine the extent of cooperation he could 
obtain, with a view to effecting among the 
citizens the organization of a stock company. 
He drew up a subscription paper for this pur- 
pose and started out to raise subscriptions for 
five hundred shares of stock at fifty dollars a 
share, making a total of twenty-five thousand 
dollars. By evening of that same day he 
had the satisfaction of effecting a temporary 
organization, with stock subscribed to the 
amount of twenty-three thousand dollars. On 
the 30th of the month a permanent organiza- 
tion was made, with all stock taken by citizens 
of Brookville borough, and under the laws of 
the State the Brookville Water Company was 
duly incorporated. The work of installing the 
water system was forthwith instituted, and it 
has been kept up to a high standard during 
the intervening period of more than thirty 
years. Mr. Marlin was chosen secretary and 
treasurer of the company, and of this dual 
office he continued the incumbent many years, 
besides which he was offered, but declined. 
the office of superintendent. He may well be 
designated as the founder of this all-important 
public utility, and his connection therewith 
merits definite record in the history of Jeffer- 
son county. In politics, though never an aspi- 
rant for office. Mr. Marlin accorded loyal alle- 
giance to the Democratic party, and his 
religious faith was that of the Presbyterian 
Church, of which his widow also is a devoted 
member. He was one of the early members 
of Hobah Lodge, No. 276, F. & A. M., with 
which he continued in active affiliation until his 
death, and which he served fifteen years as sec- 
retary ; for seventeen years he served as secre- 
tary of Jefferson Chapter, No. 225, R. A. M.; 
and he was a member of Commandery No. 1, 
K. T., of Pittsburgh. 

The domestic chapter in the life of Mr. Mar- 
lin was marked by ideal relations. His vener- 
able widow still occupies the beautiful home- 



stead in Brookville, secure in the a^'ectionate 
regard of all who know her, and extending 
gracious hospitality in her attractive home. 
On the 17th of January, 1856, was solemnized 
the marriage of Mr. Marlin to Elizabeth Jane 
McCreight. Mrs. Marlin was the first white 
child born at Brookville, the date of her na- 
tivity having been Jan. 21, 1832, and it is 
needless to say that most interesting are her 
reminiscences of the earlier history of the 
borough and county in which her entire life 
has been passed, and in which she is now one 
of the most venerable and revered representa- 
tives of the pioneer element of Jefferson 
county citizenship. Mr. and Mrs. Marlin be- 
came the parents of one son, Benjamin Mc- 
Creight Marlin. who was named in honor of 
his maternal grandfather and who was born 
on the 1st of November, 1859. He is now 
secretary and treasurer of the Union Banking 
& Trust Company in the city of DuBois. Clear- 
field county, and as a citizen and man of 
affairs he is fully upholding the honors of the 
family name. He wedded Ella Henderson, 
daughter of Joseph B. Henderson, of Brook- 
ville, and they have two sons. William J. and 
John Bennett. 

Benjamin McCreight was born in In- 
diana county, Pa., in the year 1801, and as a 
youth he learned the tailor's trade. After 
serving his apprenticeship he set forth pn foot 
to find a suitable location in which to start an 
independent business. He journeyed through 
an unbroken wilderness and at length came, 
in the spring of 1S30. to the present site of 
Brookville. the attractive and prosperous lit- 
tle borough which is the capital of Jefferson 
county. He erected a frame cabin on the east- 
tern half of Lot No. 57. on what is now 
Main street, and he otherwise aided vigor- 
ously in clearing and reclaiming the land now 
included in the thriving borough of Brook- 
ville. He became prominent and influential 
in the affairs of the little hamlet which here 
came into being, and here he worked at his 
trade in connection with other activities that 
demanded his attention. In 183 1 he returned 
to Indiana county, where, on the 1st of March, 
was solemnized his marriage to Eliza Hunter, 
his bride accompanying him on his return to 
the new home at Brookville, where they es- 
tablished their Lares and Penates in the pio- 
neer frame house which he had provided. The 
primitive dwelling was surrounded by a dense 
forest, and the youthful bride must have ex- 
perienced many lonely hours during the initial 
period of her residence here. A few months 
later the settlement was augmented by the 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



a 



arrival of Mr. and Airs. John Daugherty, who 
established a home near that of .Mr. and Mrs. 
McCreight, who received the newcomers with 
unaffected cordiality and satisfaction, for 
neighbors in the budding community were not- 
able for their absence. The intimate relation- 
ship between the two families continued until 
the associations were severed by the hand of 
death. 

In 1847 Mr. McCreight was elected county 
treasurer, and he served two terms also as 
countv commissioner, besides being called to 
other offices in the borough government. He 
was one of the most honored and influential 
men of the county in the pioneer days as well 
as in later years, and through his earnest and 
well directed endeavors he prospered in his 
temporal affairs. After occupying his frame 
dwelling for some time he erected a frame 
house on the western half of Lot No. 56, and 
about 1S42 he built for a home a substantial 
brick house on the western half of Lot No. 
57, this attractive old homestead continuing 
to be his place of abode until his death. He 
was one of the pioneer merchants of Jefferson 
county, and he also purchased a tract of land 
and instituted the development of a farm, the 
same, many years later, being platted as the 
McCreight Addition to Brookville. He passed 
to his reward on the 3d of August. 1883, at the 
venerable age of eighty-two years, his cher- 
ished and devoted wife having passed away 
on the 26th of January, 1879. They became 
the parents of twelve children, all deceased but 
Elizabeth J., widow of W. D. J. Marlin, and 
Benjamin Craig McCreight. 

Mrs. Marlin has witnessed the development 
of her native place from a mere forest ham- 
let to a prosperous and enterprising little bor- 
ough, and in the gracious evening of her life- 
she is surrounded by hallowed memories and 
associations and by friends who are tried and 
true. She finds much satisfaction in the com- 
panionship of Miss Jane Parkhurst, who be- 
came a member of the Marlin household in 
1859 and who has remained with Mrs. Marlin 
during the long intervening years, their rela- 
tions being marked by mutual affection and 
sympathy. 

COL. WILLIAM W. CORBET. Ere an- 
other decade shall have fallen into the abyss 
of time it may be authentically recorded that 
the name of the Corbet family has been worth- 
ily and influentially identified with the his- 
tory of Jefferson county for a full century, 
and as one generation has followed another 
onto the stage of life's activities it will be 



found that this old and honored pioneer fam- 
ily has given to the world men of sterling 
character, lofty ideals and fine mentality : 
women of gracious personality and noble char- 
acter. Those who have borne and given dis- 
tinction to the patronymic have been folk well 
equipped for meeting the vital issues and re- 
sponsibilities of life and have stood representa- 
tive of the best in community life. Members 
of the family have served in positions of high 
public trust in the county and have played a 
large and beneficent part in connection with 
civic and material progress. The father of 
Colonel Corbet was the first prothonotary of 
Jefferson county; and, as a young man, Colonel 
Corbet himself served with characteristic effi- 
ciency in the same office, besides which it was 
given him to accord distinguished service as a 
soldier and officer of a Pennsylvania regi- 
ment in the great polemic struggle through 
which the integrity of the Union was per- 
petuated. Judge Charles Corbet, a son of 
him whose name initiates this memoir, is one 
of the representative legists and jurists of Jef- 
ferson county, and is given individual consid- 
eration on other pages of this publication, and 
two other sons have likewise attained to 
marked prestige in business and the legal pro- 
fession, one in the State of Washington and 
the other in California. 

William Wakefield Corbet was born at 
Coder, a little village near the present judicial 
center of Jefferson county, the date of his na- 
tivity having been June 4, 1827. He was reared 
to manhood at Brookville, where the family 
home was established when he was a boy. His 
great-graifdfather, Daniel Corbet, was born in 
England in 17 13, went while a young man to 
Ireland, where he remained a few years, and 
then emigrated to America and settled in the 
State of New Jersey, where he married Mary 
Todd, a native of Ireland or England. 

William Corbet, eldest son of Daniel, and 
grandfather of Colonel Corbet, was born Jan. 
16, 1751, in Hunterdon county. N. J., and after 
his marriage in 1775 to Sarah Clover moved 
to Mifflin county, Pa., and later, in 1814. to 
that part of Armstrong county which is now 
included in Clarion county. Pa., where his wife 
died in 1828, and where he resided until his 
death in 1831. 

James Corbet, tenth child of William and 
Sarah Corbet, and father of William Wake- 
field Corbet, was born March 19. 1794, in Mif- 
flin county. Pa., from which he migrated with 
his father and the family to what is now 
Clarion county. Being a man of enterprise he 
changed to Jefferson county, being the first 



78 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



of the family to locate therein, became one 
of its vigorous and resourceful young pioneers, 
was married to Rebecca Armstrong on March 
ii, 1824. and settled at Coder, where for a 
time he operated a sawmill. His mental and 
physical powers well fitted him for leadership 
in community affairs in that formative period 
of the history of the county. Brookville, the 
county seat, was laid out in 1830, and the 
county organized for business purposes, James 
Corbet becoming the first prothonotary, clerk 
of courts, and register and recorder of Jef- 
ferson county, by appointment thereto that 
year by Gov. George Wolf. With the as- 
sumption of office he moved with his family 
to the new town of Brookville, becoming vir- 
tually one of its founders, and there in the 
spring of 1831 erected as his family domicile 
a pioneer log house on Main street, the site 
subsequently passing into the ownership of the 
late Norman F. Clark ; it is now owned by Hon. 
Curtis R. Yasbinder. Soon after his removal 
to Brookville James Corbet engaged in the 
general merchandise business, as one of the 
pioneer merchants of the borough, being a 
senior member of the firm of Corbet & Barr, 
which maintained headquarters in a small store 
that occupied a part of the present site of the 
"American House" block. He continued to 
be one of the influential figures in county and 
borough affairs, and commanded inviolable 
place in the confidence and esteem of all who 
knew him. In 1850 he was appointed post- 
master at Brookville, and h\s interposition was 
demanded also for service in the offices of 
burgess and justice of the peace, besides which 
he held for a term of years the office"of count} 
commissioner. In all places to which he was 
thus called he manifested the highest sense of 
stewardship and made a record that reflected 
credit upon his name and redounded to the 
general good of the community. Among his 
children were: William Wakefield ; Sara C, 
wife of Hon. William P. Jenks, and Rebecca 
I., wife of Hon. Kennedy L. Blood. His wife 
died in Brookville Sept. 23, 1863, and he 
passed away Oct. 24, 1866. 

William Wakefield Corbet was a child at the 
time of the family removal to Brookville. and 
in this borough he passed virtually his entire 
life, and added large and distinguished hon- 
ors to the family name. For a long period 
of vears he was actively concerned with busi- 
ness enterprises at Brookville, giving his at- 
tention specially to merchandising and 
lumbering, and in all the relations of life he 
bore himself as a man of strong mind, noble 
aspirations and intrinsic loyalty of purpose, 



with the result that his was impregnable van- 
tage ground in the confidence and goodwill of 
all who knew him and had appreciation of his 
sterling attributes of mind and soul. In 1857 
he was elected prothonotary, and as a young 
man he showed himself admirably fortified for 
the effective discharge of the duties of this 
position. 

When the Civil war cast its pall over the 
national horizon Colonel Corbet promptly sig- 
nalized his loyalty and patriotic ardor by tak- 
ing active part in the recruiting and organizing 
of the 105th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infan- 
try, and went to the front with this gallant 
command. As its lieutenant colonel he par- 
ticipated in a number of the many important 
engagements in which it was involved, and 
upon the resignation of its commander, Col. 
Amor A. McKnight, he was commissioned 
colonel of the regiment. But he declined to re- 
ceive muster into this office, as his loyalty to 
his friend, Colonel McKnight, was such that 
he preferred to wait until that valiant officer 
had sufficiently recuperated his health to re- 
sume command. 

With all of the strength of his fine nature 
did Colonel Corbet contribute of his influence 
and cooperation in the furtherance of those . 
things which conserve the general good of the 
community, and his genial and kindly nature, 
expressed in tolerance and sympathy, gained 
to him the affectionate regard of those who 
came within the compass of his benign influ- 
ence. He was one of the leading citizens of 
Brookville at the time of his death, which there 
occurred on the 4th of September. 1904, and 
his name and memory shall be held in lasting 
honor in the county that represented his home 
during the entire period of his long and useful 
life. He was a stalwart advocate of the prin- 
ciples of the Democratic party, his religious 
faith was that of the Presbyterian Church, of 
which his widow likewise is a devoted mem- 
ber, and he was an appreciative and valued 
comrade of the local post of the Grand Army 
of the Republic. 

On the 2 1 st of September, 1847, was solem- 
nized the marriage of William W. Corbet to 
Elizabeth A. McCrea, who still remains in the 
little home which he provided for the two of 
them after the death of their eldest daughter 
and the marriage of their other children, and 
is a popular factor in the representative social 
life of the community in which she has long 
maintained her residence. She is a daughter 
of the late John McCrea, to whom an indi- 
vidual memorial tribute is paid on other pages 
of this history, so that a repetition of the fain- 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



79 



ily data is not demanded in the present con- 
nection. Colonel and Mrs. Corbet became the 
parents of six children : Emily died at the age 
of thirty-four years ; Lovisa W. is the wife of 
Lewis A. Brady ; Charles, now presiding on 
the bench of the County courts of Jefferson 
county, is the subject of an individual sketch 
on other pages of this work ; James McCrea is 
a lawyer and successful business man in the 
city of Spokane, Wash. ; Burke is a prominent 
corporation lawyer of San Francisco, Cal. ; 
Myrta is the wife of Hon. John W. Reed, of 
Brookville, who formerly presided as judge 
of the County courts. 

The horue life of Colonel Corbet was one of 
ideal relations and associations, and it may 
well be said that his home was a veritable sanc- 
tuary to him, a place in which his noble char- 
acteristics shone forth in their highest form, 
so that there remains to his widow and chil- 
dren a measure of compensation in the gra- 
cious memories that are theirs of a devoted 
husband and father. 

ROBERT BUCHANAN STEWART is 
now living retired, having withdrawn from ac- 
tive business associations after a notable career 
in the lumber industry, with which he was 
connected for a period of forty years and by 
far the largest operator ever engaged in that 
line in Knox township. He gave employment 
to many men, cleared up large areas of forest 
land, and not only played a leading part in 
the development of this region along material 
lines, but was a foremost advocate and sup- 
porter of progress in social and educational 
affairs, his breadth of character and purpose 
having long been a dominating factor in the 
advancement of the locality. For many years 
he also had extensive agricultural interests. 

Mr. Stewart is of Irish ancestry, his grand- 
parents having been natives of Ireland, whence 
they came to this country at an early day, set- 
tling east of the mountains in Pennsylvania. 
Samuel Stewart, his father, was born in Penn- 
sylvania, and settled in Indiana county, where 
he died in 1882 at the age of eighty-three years. 
In his younger life he followed farming, and 
he also conducted a tannery and a distillery. 
To his first marriage, with jane Wilson, were 
horn three children : Joseph, who entered the 
Union army and was never afterwards heard 
from ; James, who died in the State of In- 
diana ; and Matthew, who was a Confederate 
soldier during the Civil war, and was not heard 
from afterwards. Mr. Stewart's second mar- 
riage was to Elizabeth McFarland, a native of 
Pennsylvania, daughter of John McFarland, 



a native of Ireland and an early settler in In- 
diana county. She died in 1867, aged sixty- 
seven years, and was buried in Brushvalley 
township, Indiana county. Five children were 
born to this union: Robert Buchanan; Miriam, 
who married Nelson Lomison and survived 
him; Nathaniel W., a retired farmer of In- 
diana county, and a Civil war veteran ; William 
M., deceased, who was also a farmer in In- 
diana county and a Civil war soldier; and 
Samuel M., now of Johnstown, Pa. For his 
third wife Samuel Stewart married Margaret 
Virtue, by whom he had one son, John, who 
met an accidental death when twenty-one years 
old, by falling on a saw in a sawmill. 

Robert Buchanan Stewart was born July 
16, 1835, in Brushvalley, Indiana county, and 
remained on the home farm until he reached 
the age of nineteen years. He gave most of 
his time to farming during his residence in that 
county, having purchased a tract of 150 acres 
in Centre township, though he had to borrow 
one hundred dollars to make the first payment. 
He gave $1,400 for the property, and in 1865 
sold it for $3,480 and purchased a half inter- 
est in a tannery at Homer City, for $2,300, 
entering into partnership with Peter Johnson. 
But the venture turned out unprofitably, and 
he gave it up after three years, selling his inter- 
est long afterwards, in 1892, for five hundred 
dollars. He and Mr. Johnson continued in 
partnership, however, for six years, engaging 
in the lumbering business and milling, and 
when they ended the association, in 1874, each 
took a sawmill as his share. In 1873 Mr. 
Stewart moved to the farm in Knox township, 
which was his home for so many years, the 
property comprising 580 acres, of which he 
had 350 acres cleared and highly cultivated. 
In 1885 he raised one thousand bushels of 
wheat, besides other grain. Lumbering, how- 
ever, was his principal business, and he car- 
ried it on forty years after his removal here, 
operating also in Clearfield and Armstrong 
counties, and running as many as five sawmills 
at one time. During the financial panic of 
1873 he was carrying on two sawmills in Knox 
township. Entirely as the result of his own 
judgment and good management he accumu- 
lated a handsome property, and in 1904 closed 
out his last mill and retired to Brookville to 
enjoy the leisure he had earned so well, giving 
up all business cares except the management 
of his real estate interests. Some unfortunate 
mining investments made inroads on his for- 
tune, but he still has valuable property hold- 
ings. Upon his removal to Brookville he 
bought the residence of D. F. Hibbard, where 



so 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



he lived until 1915, when he returned to Knox 
township, settling at his present home, which 
he purchased for his daughter Mrs. Blanche 
Smith. Meantime he had sold a large part of 
his old farm to his son I. N. Stewart. 

On Nov. 22, 1864, Mr. Stewart married 
Sarah J. Johnson, daughter of Peter John- 
son, and she died July 3, 1871, the mother of 
one child, Orlando, who is now a farmer of 
Knox township ; he married Flora Bell, and to 
them were born six children. Mrs. Stewart 
is buried at Homer City. On Feb. 5, 1878, at 
Belleview, Pa., Mr. Stewart married (second) 
Dillie L. Sebring. a native of Indiana county, 
daughter of William and Sarah (Fyock) Se- 
bring, who were married at Mechanicsburg, 
Pa., in April, 1851. Mr. Sebring was a car- 
penter until he retired during his latter years. 
and died at Greenville, Indiana county, at the 
age of eighty-three. His wife, who survived 
him, was born Nov. 14, 1825, in Somerset 
county, Pa., daughter of David and Mary 
(Hoffman) Fyock, both of whom died in In- 
diana county. After Mr. Sebring's death his 
widow lived with her daughter Mrs. Stewart. 
They had four children : Albert, a farmer and 
carpenter of Knox township; Mary, wife of 
Albert Knabb, a stave manufacturer, of Pitts- 
burgh (he was also engaged in the manufac- 
ture of barrels at Warren, Pa.) ; Ellis, of 
Knox Dale ; and Mrs. Stewart, who was reared 
at Greenville. 

Six children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Stewart: Maud C. married Samuel G. Lowrv. 
a carpenter, now on the Stewart land ; Blanche 
R.. who married Centennial Smith, of Knox 
township, has two children, Ivan and Robert ; 
Ira Norris, of Knox Dale, is secretary of the 
Stewart Coal Company, and is mentioned else- 
where ; Mr. Truby' is established in business 
at Brookville as a dealer in automobiles ; Inez 
A. is the wife of James McCann, of Knox 
Dale, a stockholder in the Stewart Coal Com- 
pany ; Rheba M. is the wife of J. M. Rhoads, 
deputy county treasurer, of Brookville. Mrs. 
Stewart, the mother of this family, died at 
Brookville May 11, 1914, aged fifty-four years. 
Mr. Stewart and his family have long at- 
tended the United Brethren Church at Knox 
Dale, which he served as steward for twenty 
years in succession. He also took a promi- 
nent part in the administration of the local 
government, filling a number of the township 
offices, and discharging his duties with such 
conscientious regard for the general welfare 
that there could be no question of his fitness 
for such responsibilities and no doubt as to 
the high standards he held. Politically he has 



always been a Republican, and during the Civil 
war he enlisted, in April, 1861, as a member 
of Company H, 12th Pennsylvania Reserves, 
which regiment was attached to the Army of 
the Potomac. He saw much active service, 
the 1 2th taking part in all the general en- 
gagements of that army throughout its term, 
which expired June 1, 1864, when he was mus- 
tered out after an honorable record. He was 
wounded in the arm. 

IRA NORRIS STEWART, of Knox Dale, 
secretary of the Stewart Coal Company, is one 
of the young business men of Jefferson county 
rapidly attaining prominence through his suc- 
cessful coal operations. The company which 
he helped to found has during the five years 
of its existence as such progressed to an im- 
portant place among the industrial corpora- 
tions of this section, its mines affording 
employment to a large number of men, and 
as he has done much toward shaping its busi- 
ness policy a share of the credit is due him 
for the remarkable development of its proper- 
ties. Mr. Stewart has shown business acumen 
and capacity typical of the members of his 
family. His father,. Robert B. Stewart, now 
a retired citizen of Knox township, was one 
of the leading agriculturists and lumbermen 
of that section of Pennsylvania for forty 
years, the record of his industrial activities 
forming a significant part of the history of 
Knox township and Jefferson county. An 
account of his life will be found elsewhere in 
this work. 

I. Norris Stewart was born June 29, 1881, 
at Knox Dale, on the property which his fa- 
ther occupied for so many years before his 
retirement. His literary education was ac- 
quired in the local schools and at Mount Union, 
Ohio, and he also took a commercial course in 
Pittsburgh. His early business experience was 
in the line of agriculture, for he was engaged 
on his father's large farm until he started as 
a coal operator, and for six years he owned 
283 acres of the home place, selling his inter- 
est in that piece of land in 1916. Meantime 
he had shifted his attention from farming to 
mining, until the latter now takes practically 
all his time. In 1908 he was one of five men 
who formed what was known as the Stewart 
Coal Company, and their early operations were 
conducted with thirty-five or forty men, the 
daily production amounting to about two hun- 
dred tons. This has been gradually increased, 
the output in 1916 being between fifteen hun- 
dred and sixteen hundred tons a day — thirty 
to thirty-five carloads — of Lower Freeport 



RK 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



81 



coal, the highest grade mined in Pennsylvania. 
It is sold to the Shawmut Coal & Coke Com- 
pany, of Buffalo, N. Y., who resell. About 
three hundred and fifty men were employed 
until the company's recent acquisition of the 
W. J. McAninch mines at Knox Dale, which 
represent an addition to its properties of about 
one thousand acres and an increase of one 
hundred and fifty to two hundred men on the 
working force, raising the output one thou- 
sand tons daily. The Middle Kittanning coal 
is found in this field, in four-foot veins. The 
company's investments are proving very prof- 
itable. They own seventy acres of coal land, 
and control about six hundred acres on lease, 
besides the McAninch property. Two mines 
are being worked at Knox Dale ; one is being 
opened at Timblin, this county, sixteen miles 
distant; and No. i Mine was opened Nov. i, 
1916, after having been closed six years. All 
are drift mines. 

The Stewart Coal Company was incorporated 
Dec. 29, 191 1, with a capital of five thousand 
dollars, the officers being: W. J. McAninch, 
treasurer; \V. B. Warren, president; I. N. 
Stewart, secretary. The present officers 
(1916) are: \Y. B. Warren, president; I. X. 
Stewart, secretary; W. S. Reid, treasurer. 
Mr. Warren is from DuBois, Mr. Reid from 
Punxsutawney, and both are experienced coal 
operators. The company was so named in 
honor of Mr. Stewart's father, on whose estate 
the Knox Dale mines are located. The com- 
pany does not maintain a store, and all the 
working conditions are regulated according 
to the highest modern standards. 

Mr. Stewart has given his township capable 
public service, having been township auditor 
for three years, and being at present a member 
of the school board. He is independent of 
political connections, supporting the candidates 
and measures which meet his approval, regard- 
less of party. Fraternally he is a Mason, 
affiliating with the lodge at Brookville, and he 
and his wife attend the United Brethren 
Church at Knox Dale. 

When twenty-three years old Mr. Stewart 
was married to Minnie V. Fike, daughter of 
Samuel and Mary Fike, and a native of Jef- 
ferson county. Four children have been born 
to them: Victor, Warren, Mary and Eldora. 

H< )N. THEODORE M. KL'RTZ, of Punx- 
sutawney. now completing his second term as 
member of the Pennsylvania State Senate from 
that district, has been prominently before the 
citizens of Jefferson county for the last twenty 

years in official capacities. His intimate asso- 
6 



ciation, long continued, has given him experi- 
ence of many phases of government life and the 
administration of public affairs, qualifying him 
for further service. By his fidelity to the in- 
terests of his constituents he has shown 
proper appreciation of the honors they have 
handed him, and marked himself as worthy 
of them and equal to their responsibilities. But 
though he has attained his widest popularity 
probably through the medium of his public 
associations, he is just as well known in busi- 
ness circles, where he has manifested the same 
versatility in the handling of diversified inter- 
ests. The facility with which he is able to 
turn from one thing to another is indeed one 
of the most remarkable traits of this remark- 
able man, whose forceful personality and vig- 
orous intellect have carried him to a foremost 
place among the leaders of thought 'and action 
in Jefferson county. He is a native son, born 
Feb. 27, 1868, in Young township, eldest son 
of the late Dr. George Michael Kurtz. 

Dr. George Michael Kurtz was born in Ger- 
many and grew up there, enjoying excellent 
educational facilities. He came to America 
in young manhood, and having already spent 
some time in the study of medicine continued 
his studies in Philadelphia, Pa., where he com- 
pleted his course of preparation for the pro- 
fession he had chosen as his life work. Then 
he came westward to Jefferson county, being 
an early settler in Young township, near Punx- 
sutawney, where he purchased a large farm 
upon which he made his permanent home, 
looking after its development along with his 
medical practice, to which latter most of his 
time and energies were devoted. His skill and 
conscientious attention to his patients brought 
him success, and he was specially beloved and 
respected for his goodness to the poor of the 
county, none such ever calling for his services 
in vain. In fact, he availed himself to the 
utmost of the physician's opportunities for 
helpfulness in any capacity, and was consid- 
ered a model representative of his profession 
and of ideal citizenship. Though he lived to 
be eighty-eight years old he continued in ac- 
tive practice up to within a few months of 
his death, which occurred in July, 1881. He 
is buried in the German Reformed cemetery 
at Punxsutawney, and had been a member of 
the church of that denomination. He was 
mourned throughout the region as one of its 
most valuable citizens. 

Dr. Kurtz married Salome Hartzfelt, 
daughter of Henry Hartzfelt. She came to 
America from Germany with her parents when 
thirteen years old, died at the age of forty- 



82 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



three years, and is buried at Punxsutawney. 
Five children were born to this union: Theo- 
dore M. ; Joseph L., who is assistant cashier 
of the Punxsutawney National Bank; George 
FL, a resident of Franklin, Pa. ; Anna M., wife 
of S. A. Rinn, of Punxsutawney, a prominent 
coal operator and president of the Punxsu- 
tawney National Bank ; and Olie, now the wife 
of William Pattorf, of DuBois, Pennsylvania. 
Theodore M. Kurtz acquired his early edu- 
cation in the public schools of Jefferson county, 
later attending Waynesburg College, in Greene 
county, this State. He became a resident of 
Punxsutawney the year he attained his ma- 
jority, 1889, and for nearly three years was en- 
gaged in the flour and feed business in part- 
nership with T. C. Zeitler. The association 
was dissolved by mutual consent, and Mr. 
Kurtz then embarked upon the first enterprise 
which brought him into close touch with the 
typical activities of the community, he and 
W. O. Smith purchasing the Punxsutawney 
Spirit, then and now one of the leading news- 
papers of Jefferson county, in 1802. Air. 
Kurtz had long been attracted to the business, 
and he could have chosen no better organ for 
the experiment and no better associate, Mr. 
Smith being still the influential editor of that 
paper. Its large circulation and wide influ- 
ence continued to expand under their capable 
management, and Mr. Kurtz had an interest- 
ing and profitable experience during the four 
years of his connection with the Spirit. In 
1897 he leased his interest in the paper to John 
P. Wilson in order to devote himself to another 
line in which he had begun to make invest- 
ments, the buying and operation of coal prop- 
erties. He formed a partnership with his 
brother-in-law, Mr. S. A. Rinn, a leading coal 
operator of Punxsutawney, and they are doing 
business together as Kurtz & Rinn, taking high 
rank among similar concerns in this and ad- 
joining counties. Mr. Kurtz is at present in- 
terested in the McKnight Coal Company and 
the Cambria Smokeless Coal Company, of 
Coalport; is a member of the Punxsutawney 
Board of Trade : and a director of the Punxsu- 
tawney National Bank, which he served two 
years as vice president. 

From early manhood Mr. Kurtz has found 
the keenest pleasure in politics and in following 
the fortunes of the Republican party, and he 
is one of its best known workers in western 
Pennsylvania. As soon as he acquired the 
rigl^ to vote he began to participate actively in 
local public affairs, and his zeal and ability had 
honorable reward in 1807 with his election as 
burgess of Punxsutawney. His services were 



highly satisfactory to his townsmen, but he did 
not remain to complete the term, resigning in 
the spring of 1899 to take the position of 
county chairman of his party, which he filled 
for four successive terms, an unusual honor. 
In 1898 he had been elected as a delegate to 
the Republican State convention at Harrisburg. 
In 1908 he was elected State' senator from his 
district, and reelected in November, 1912, be- 
ing now in the last year of his second term, 
with eight years of efficient legislative service 
to his credit. Mr. Kurtz has labored unsel- 
fishly in behalf of his party, contributing time, 
influence and means to its promotion, but he 
has not accepted office merely as a reward for 
his activity, rather as a means of exemplifying 
the principles for which he stands. Socially he 
holds membership in the Knights of Pythias, 
B. P. O. Elks and Improved Order of Red 
Men. 

Mr. Kurtz married Maude Rowan, daughter 
of J. H. Rowan, of Oliver township, Jeffer- 
son county. Six children have been born to 
them: Leone, Helen, Geraldine. Theodore, 
George Harvey and Donald. The family be- 
long to the Presbyterian Church. 

CLARENCE CLARK CHITESTER, of 
Brockwayville, has a number of live business 
connections indicative of the energetic part 
he takes in promoting the industrial pros- 
perity of this part of Jefferson county. His 
interests are sufficiently diversified to show 
that he has courage in taking advantage of 
opportunities, though he is known principally 
as a coal operator and driller, in which line 
he has been engaged practically all the time 
since he started on his independent career. 
Mr. Chitester was born Feb. 20, 1861, on the 
old farm in Knox township occupied by his 
grandparents and parents, in turn, being a 
member of one of the early families of that 
region whose representatives in every gen- 
eration have been worthy citizens. 

The Chitesters are of English origin, and 
early generations of the family in this country 
are found in New Jersey, from which State 
some of its members served in the Revolu- 
tionary war. The great-grandfather of Clar- 
ence Clark Chitester was a native of New 
Tersey, and one of his sons, William, was with 
Commodore Perry in the battle of Lake Erie. 
Another. Daniel, was the grandfather of C. 
C. Chitester. 

Daniel Chitester was born Aug. 12, 1808, 
at Hollidaysburg, Pa., and moved with the 
family to Westmoreland county, this State, 
where he grew up. On Aug. 21, 1828. he 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



83 



was married there to Elizabeth Schrum, who 
was born Nov. y, 1802, at Fairfield, West- 
moreland county. Some time later this cou- 
ple came to Jefferson county, where they 
were among the pioneer settlers. After hunt- 
ing all over this section for a desirable site 
Mr. Chitester selected the tract of 120 acres 
in the wilderness now known as the Jacob 
Johns place, upon which he built his home, 
a one and a half story log house, with stone 
flue fireplace. This house stood until a few 
years ago. Here the sons John and David 
were born. By trade Mr. Chitester was a 
millwright, and preferring such work to agri- 
culture as it was then carried on he moved 
from the farm to the mill at P.ort Barnett 
which he erected and operated. But the mill 
dust made him asthmatic, and he was obliged 
to give up that kind of work, so he pur- 
chased and moved to a farm in Knox township 
in 1848, and there died June 26, 1852, aged 
forty-three years, ten months, fourteen days. 
His wife survived him but one year, dying on 
the farm Oct. 23, 1853, aged fifty years, eleven 
months, fourteen days. They were interred 
in the old burial ground at Brookville. Of 
their live children the eldest, and the only 
daughter, Esther, was born Nov. 2, 1829, 
before the family moved to Jefferson county, 
and died Feb. 2, [860; she was twice married, 
■her first husband being Martin Howard, her 
second William Bailey. John Andrew, born 
June 17, 1831, died Dec. 10, 1912; he never 
married, and resided on the old homestead 
with his brother David, and thev had joint 
care of the place ; he is buried in the Meade 
Chapel cemetery in Knox township. David 
was the father of C. C. Chitester. Daniel S.. 
born June 6. 1836. died March 10, 1861. of 
diphtheria ; he married Elizabeth Ritchey, and 
is survived by a son, Daniel, of Falls Creek, 
Pa. Lyman B., born Oct. 25, 1841. was a 
soldier in the Civil war, and is now living re- 
tired at Reynoldsville, Jefferson county ; he 
married Margaret Uplinger. 

David Chitester, born Oct. 30, 1833, at the 
place where his parents originallv settled, now 
owned by his grandson Clyde Chitester, moved 
thence with the family to Port Barnett. where 
his father built the old water mill. He was 
a youth when they moved to the Knox town- 
ship homestead, which he owned until he 
died there, April 29, 1914, after a residence of 
sixty-six vears at the same spot. Most of 
his schooling was acquired in the lo? school 
to which he was sent while the family lived 
at Port Barnett. but at the best his opportu- 
nities were limited, and though he was but 



eighteen when his father died he and his older 
brother, John A., took charge of the home 
place for their mother, who did not survive 
long. His early years were spent in typical 
pioneer fashion. Supplies were hauled prin- 
cipally from Kittanning, but some came from 
as far away as Olean, N. Y. The spelling bees 
and singing schools afforded practically all 
the social life provided for the young people. 
But he was diligent and intelligent in the man- 
agement of his affairs, in which he prospered 
sufficiently to bring his family up well and 
enable him to spend his days in contentment. 
In all his domestic and social relations he ad- 
hered to high standards which won him the 
affectionate esteem of his family and friends. 
He was brought up in the tenets of the Pres- 
byterian faith, but with his wife joined the 
Aleade Chapel — Methodist Episcopal, and 
when that church was being erected helped to 
haul the timber. 

On March 2, 1857, Mr. Chitester was mar- 
ried in Knox township to Martha Ann lick- 
man, daughter of William and Phoebe (Ford) 
Eckman; the latter was of Scotch-Irish ex- 
traction. Mrs. Chitester was born Dec. 7, 
1836, in. Armstrong county, Pa., near Apollo, 
her parents moving from that county to Knox 
township, Jefferson county, where they died. 
Mrs. Chitester had only the ordinary educa- 
tional .advantages which the public schools of 
the day afforded. Like her husband she 
reached an advanced age, passing away Dec. 
21, 10,13. a few months before him. Their 
daughter, Mrs. Hetrick, and her husband lived 
with the old couple the last year of their 
lives, looking after their comfort. Mr. and 
Mrs. Chitester are buried in Meade Chapel 
cemetery. Mrs. Chitester was one of the most 
devoted workers in the congregation there, 
in spite of the fact that she had numerous 
household duties. She was the mother of 
nine children, viz.: Austin Ambrose, born in 
1859, died in 1864; Clarence Clark was the 
second; George Gourley, born Jan. 6, [863, 
is a resident of Brookville; Sherman, born 
April 3, 1864. died aged one year, six months, 
three davs ; Clara Elizabeth, born Dec. 10, 
[865. is 'the wife of Rush M. Mehrten. of 
Brookville; Edith, born May [9, 1867, is the 
wife of Frank B. Hetrick, and thev are now 
living at Brookville: Robert Nicholson, born 
March 15, 1869. is living near Brookville in 
Pinecreek township, where he is engaged in 
fanning at what is known as Fairview Heights 
( he married Louise Schweitzer, of Clarion 
county") ; Joseph Matthews, born March t8, 
1 87 1, is residing on the old homestead in 



84 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Knox township, where he looked after his 
parents in their declining years (he married 
Mary Hawthorne) ; Amanda B., born Jan. 
10, 1877, married Frank W. Swineford, of 
Bradford, Pennsylvania. 

Clarence Clark Chitester attended the Lucas 
school in the vicinity of his boyhood home, 
among his early teachers being Dr. J. G. 
Steiner, of Brookville ; the late George Zetler ; 
the late James Campbell; J. Newton Kelly, 
who was later a county commissioner; and 
Lester Fleming, who was severe but an ex- 
cellent educator, under whom the boy made 
good progress. Marion Fitzsimmons and 
Frank Griffin were his last instructors. His 
studies were continued until he was eighteen 
or nineteen years of age, but long before leav- 
ing school he had commenced training for 
the practical work of life, there being plenty 
of need for his assistance in the operation of 
the home place. There was considerable timber 
on the property then, and he spent the greater 
part of the winter season helping his father 
in the woods, getting out square timber, saw 
logs. etc. He seldom did any work away from 
home until lie was twenty-four years old. 
Then he started to learn the carpenter*s trade 
with one of his former teachers, Marion Fitz- 
simmons. with whom he continued for three 
years, working as a journeyman until the 
autumn of 1888. His next experience was as 
a tool dresser in the old fields of Bradford 
county and Kane ( in McKean county) for 
some time, until he took a position at Punxsu- 
tawney in the employ of Van Horn & Brit- 
ton, working on a Keystone drilling machine. 
In the fall of 1891 he and his father-in-law, 
Thomas Hutchinson, purchased a drilling ma- 
chine and followed the drilling business in 
partnership until Mr. Hutchinson's death, in 
June. 1912. since when Mr. Chitester has car- 
ried it on alone, buying out Mr. Hutchinson's 
interest. He has tested practically all the coal 
lands into which the Shawmut Mining Com- 
pany has ventured, not only in Jefferson, but 
also in Elk and Armstrong counties, including 
some very extensive and valuable fields. 
Though he still operates for that company he 
does not devote himself to their interests en- 
tirely, being engaged in the business on his 
own account. Naturally he has also acquired 
interests in coal property, taking advantage of 
favorable opportunities which have presented 
themselves in the course of his activities as a 
driller, and in March. 1914. in company with 
John Chillcott, John Armstrong and W. W. 
Henchey, thev organized and set in operation 
the Pawnee Coal Company, of which he is 



president. He also owns considerable real 
estate in the borough of Brockwayville and in 
Knox and Pinecreek townships. In 1913 Mr. 
Chitester became interested in the automobile 
business, starting the Brockway Garage, which 
he has since conducted very profitably, and 
in connection therewith he has exclusive sales 
rights for the Ford cars in Brockwayville and 
Snyder township. Mr. Chitester combines 
Iris various interests advantageously, giving 
evidence of keen business ability in the close 
attention he applies to each without letting any 
of the others suffer because of neglect. He 
also finds time for social diversions, being 
well known in the local fraternal bodies as a 
member of Masonic Lodge No. 379, the blue 
lodge at Ridgway, and of the I. O. O. F. lodge 
of his home place. In political principle Mr. 
Chitester has been in sympathy with the Re- 
publicans for a number of years, but he votes 
independently. He and his wife hold mem- 
bership in the M. E. Church, which he serves 
officially as a member of the board of trustees. 
In October, 1890, Mr. Chitester married 
Catherine Anna Hutchinson of Brockwayville, 
daughter of Thomas and Mary Ann (Smith) 
Hutchinson, and they have two children: 
Martha Ethel, now Mrs. George Carlyle Nob- 
bit, of Brockwayville; and Thomas II.. at 
home. 

HON". SAMUEL A. CRAIG is a repre- 
sentative of an old pioneer family of Perm* 
sylvania and is one of the more vener- 
able of the resident native sons of Teft'er- 
son county. He has long practiced his 
profession, maintaining high prestige as an 
attorney, an honored soldier and efficient 
public servant. He was born at Brookville on 
the 19th of November, [839, and during the 
long years of a signally earnest and useful life 
has not faltered in loyalty and allegiance to 
bis native town. Samuel Craig was for many 
years a resident of Marion Center, Indiana 
county, and became one of the pioneers of 
Rrookville, where both he and wife passed 
their closing years. Their son Samuel was 
born and reared in Indiana county, coming to 
Brookville in [831 and here died at the age 
of seventv-six. lie was formerlv engaged in 
the manufacturing of chairs, and later became 
a leading merchant. He possessed alert men- 
talitv and s'erling character, wielded influence 
and served as county treasurer in 1841. His 
wife was Margaret Hjelm Park, born and 
reared in Indiana County. Of their children 
the eldest i^ lohn 1'.. who was captain in the 
1 ^tli Iowa Regiment in the Civil war and now 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



85 



resides at Joplin, Mo. The other children are : 
lane, who was the wife of Dr. S. C. Allison, of 
Punxsutawney, both now deceased ; Mary L. ; 
Samuel Alfred; Robert B. ; Agnes; Margaret; 
and \Y. Franklin. Robert B. is deceased and 
Agnes E. is the widow of Attorney William F. 
Stewart, and lives in Brookville ; Mary L., 
Margaret and W. Franklin are in Washington, 
the latter holding a clerkship with the Inter- 
State Commerce Commission. 

Samuel A. Craig attended the public schools, 
also gaining the equivalent of a liberal educa- 
tion, by serving an apprenticeship to the print- 
er's trade. He worked on the Jefferson Star 
and on the Jeffersoman. While in Jefferson 
College, at Canonsburg, Washington county, 
he laid aside his studies at the outbreak of the 
Civil war, and tendered his aid in defense of 
the Union. At the first call he enlisted, for 
three months, in Company I, 8th Pennsylvania 
Volunteer Infantry, commanded by Colonel 
McKnight. Given an honorable discharge, he 
returned and for a few months taught in the 
Brookville schools, re-enlisting in December, 
1861, in Company B, 105th Regiment, being 
dhosen second lieutenant under his former 
commander. Colonel McKnight. He was soon 
promoted to first lieutenant, and with his regi- 
ment entered active service as a part of the 
Army of the Potomac. While in the siege of 
Yorktown, Va., he was detailed as assistant 
engineer on the staff of General Heintzelman. 
In the battle of Fair Oaks, he was shot through 
the head and right leg, lying on the battlefield 
two days and two nights. Recovering he re- 
joined his regiment and was recommended for 
promotion for gallantry and wounds received 
in that engagement, on the 26th of August, 
[862, being commissioned captain of his com- 
pany. In the engagement at Manassas lunc- 
tion with ( ieneral Stonewall Jackson Captain 
Craig received a severe wound in his right 
wrist and. with about half his command, was 
captured, but a few days later was recaptured 
and resumed his command, leading it in the 
battle of Chancellorsville, when he was com- 
missioned captain by Lincoln, of the Veteran 
Reserve Corp guarding prisoners at Camp 
Morton, Indianapolis. He was assigned as 
commander of the Soldiers Home at India- 
napolis, and was then provost marshal at that 
city one year. After the close of the war Gen. 
0. O. Howard chose him as an assistant com- 
missioner in the Freedmen's Bureau, with serv- 
ice in Texas. When Abraham Lincoln's body 
lay in state in the capitol at Indianapolis he 
was one of a detail of four as guard of honor 



to stand at the head of the bier as the proces- 
sion passed. 

lie soon began the reading of law, under 
the late George A. Jenks, and in 1876 was ad- 
mitted to the bar. In 1879 he was elected dis- 
trict attorney for one term, thereafter giving 
attention almost exclusively to the demands of 
an ever increasing clientele. Jn 1888 he was 
elected representative to the Fifty-first Con- 
gress. Captain Craig has since continued in 
successful practice having part in most of the 
important litigation, attaining enviable reputa- 
tion as a skillful advocate and reliable coun- 
selor. He is actively identified with the Jef- 
ferson County Bar Association (is author of 
the History of the Bench and Bar of Jefferson 
county) and also with the Pennsylvania State 
Bar Association. His interest in old army 
comrades is indicated by affiliation with E. R. 
Brady Post, being Past Commander. He be- 
longs to Hobah Lodge, Xo. 276, F. & A. M., 
and both he and his wife are zealous members 
of the First Presbyterian Church, in which 
he is elder and historian. 

On ( )ct. 6, 1870, was solemnized his mar- 
riage to Nancy R. Rodgers, daughter of the 
late Dr. Mark Rodgers, who was for many 
years one of the representative physicians and 
honored citizens here. They have two chil- 
dren: Anna Hjelm is the wife of S. S. Hen- 
derson, of Brookville; and Mark Rodgers 
Craig is title officer of the Potter Title & Trust 
Company, of Pittsburgh. 

JOHN WILSON HENDERSON, of 
Brookville. is one of the oldest business men 
still maintaining active connection with the 
commercial affairs of that borough, where he 
began business fifty years ago. the millinery 
and notion house which he carries on is the 
oldest establishment of the kind in the town. 

John Wilson Henderson, eldest son of 
Joseph Washington and Nancy (Wilson) 
Henderson, was born at Brookville Dec. 18, 
1840, and acquired his education in the home 
schools. He gained his early business expe- 
rience as clerk for his uncle, David Wilson, at 
Corsica, this county. On June 17. 1857, he 
went to the town of Clarion to learn the trade 
of tinsmith, and during his apprenticeship re- 
ceived twenty-five dollars a year "and found." 
He was still working there when the Civil war 
broke out, and he entered the Union service 
almost immediately, enlisting April 30th in the 
Clarion Guards, wdio went to Pittsburgh and 
became part of the 8th Pennsylvania Reserves. 
Under this enlistment Mr. Henderson re- 
mained in the army twenty-two months, dur- 



86 



TEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



ing which time he took part in a number of 
important engagements, including the seven 
days' tight at Richmond, second Bull Run, 
South Mountain ( Md. ) and Antietam. On 
Sept. 17, 1862, he was wounded in the left 
leg, and he was honorably discharged Feb. 7, 
1S63. After more than a year at home Air. 
Henderson reenlisted, May 6, 1864, joining 
the 191st Pennsylvania Regiment, and he was 
with the Army of the Potomac until the close 
of the war, receiving his discharge in Virginia 
June 28, 1865, as sergeant. Among the ac- 
tions in which he was engaged during his sec- 
ond term was that of Bethesda Church. Va., 
and he was doing duty on the skirmishing line 
at Appomattox when General Lee surrendered. 
His war experiences were very interesting. 

Upon his return to Brookville after his serv- 
ice in the army Mr. Henderson engaged in 
the tinning business with his father, and con- 
tinued to be so occupied until 1876. Mean- 
time he had started dealing in millinery and 
notions at Brookville, and this business he has 
conducted to the present time, being ably as- 
sisted by Mrs. I lenderson, who is highly ca- 
pable and thoroughly experienced in meeting 
the demands of the local trade. Mr. Hender- 
son married, Oct. 14, 1874. Amelia Fredericka 
Melchior, and they have one child, Wade M., 
who lives with his family in Brookville. He 
married Florence Campbell, and their chil- 
dren are John R., Florence F. and George E. 
Mr. and Mrs. Henderson are Presbyterians in 
religious doctrine. Socially he unites with sev- 
eral local organizations, the I. O. O. F., 
Knights of Pythias and Union Veteran 
Legion. 

William Melchior, Airs. Henderson's father, 
was a native of Stuttgart. Germany, and when 
his daughter Amelia was eight and a half years 
old left that country- with his wife and three 
children for America, journeying down the 
Rhine and making the ocean voyage by sailing 
vessel, the passage to New York taking thirty- 
seven days. This was in 1852. For two 
months they were in Philadelphia. Pa., thence 
coming to Brookville, Jefferson Co., Pa., and 
Air. Alelchior followed his trade of millwright 
in this section throughout his active years. He 
died in Brookville when eighty-eight years old. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Christina 
M. Boeringer, was also born in Germany, and 
died at Brookville when fifty-nine years old. 
They were the parents of the following chil- 
dren : Catherine F.. Airs. William Lanzen- 
dorfer ; Amelia F.. Airs. Henderson ; John 
William, of Michigan; Frederick Anthonv, of 



Kittanning, Pa. ; Annie, Airs. Albert Carlisle ; 
and Barbara, Airs. James Jackson. 

DAVID ALBERT HENDERSON has one 
of the most popular dry goods establishments 
at Brookville, where he has been in business 
without interruption for almost forty years. 
Practically all his experience has been in this 
line, and the admirable methods followed in 
his store are the outcome of careful develop- 
ment of the best systems in use everywhere 
among dry goods merchants. Air. Hender- 
son has investigated and studied the details 
important in giving good service to patrons, as 
well as the science of buying and selling, and 
his well conducted business is the direct result 
of the application of well tested theories and 
their adaptation to his special needs. 

David Albert Henderson, born Sept. 2j, 
1844, son of Joseph W. and Nancy (Wilson) 
Henderson, obtained his education in the 
Brookville public schools, and when little more 
than a boy went to learn the printer's trade, at 
which he was occupied for four years. He 
then turned to clerking, finding a position in 
the dry goods store of Mark Rogers, in Brook- 
ville, and was so employed for three years, at 
the end of which period he went to Tionesta, 
Forest Co., Pa., where he managed a store for 
one year. Returning to Brookville, he was in 
partnership with his old employer. Air. Rogers, 
for two years. In 1880 he established another 
connection, becoming a member of the firm 
of Gray, Guyther & Co., and subsequently, in 
June, 1896, purchased his partners' interest in 
this business, which he has continued to carry 
on to the present time. He has an up-to-date 
store on Alain street, one of the most creditable 
houses of its kind in the county, and holds a 
large patronage which shows the confidence 
that he has succeeded in gaining. 

Air. Henderson devotes practically all his 
time to business, but he has kept up various 
social connections, being an active member of 
Ilobah Lodge, No. 276, F. & A. M., of Brook- 
ville, and associated with the Presbyterian 
Church, which the family has long supported. 
During the Civil war he showed his sympathy 
with the Union cause by enlisting, July 23, 
18(13, as a member of Company B, 2d Battal- 
ion, Pennsylvania Volunteers, in which he 
served under Capt. Charles AIcLain. He was 
discharged Jan. 21, 1864. 

Air. Henderson married Emma L. Newcom, 
daughter of McKee and Alary ( Alillin) New- 
com, 'and they have the following children : 
Anna, wife of F. C. Deemer, a prominent 
natural gas producer, residing at Brookville, 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



87 



has two children, Alex. D. and F. C, Jr. ; Paul 
D., who resides in New Mexico, married 
Laura Heidrick and has one son, Paul, J r. ; 
Joseph W. is a resident of Kittanning, Pa. ; 
David A., Jr., a professor in the Brookville 
high school ; and Herbert L., a student at State 
College. 

THOMAS H. MEANS, late of Brookville, 
was a member of, a family which has held a 
high place among the very best element there 
since the late Robert Reed Means established 
himself at that point in the year 1847 — a 
period of seventy years. In business pursuits, 
in public affairs and in professional circles the 
name has been honored because of achieve- 
ments of real worth associated with it in the 
borough and county. 

Hon. Robert Reed Means was born April 25, 
1819, at Greenwood, Mifflin Co., Pa., and grew 
up at Curllsville, Clarion county, whither his 
parents removed in 182 1. He was attracted 
to Brookville in his young manhood and settled 
there in 1847, the next year engaging in the 
general mercantile business. From the time of 
his location here he was identified with the lo- 
cal government. In the late forties he was ap- 
pointed deputy sheriff under Sheriff Thomas 
Wilkins. In 1850 he was elected justice of the 
peace and served his term with great accept- 
ability. Soon after its close, in 1856, he pur- 
chased the "Railroad House," retaining the 
ownership until 1864. Meantime, on July 25, 
1 So 1. he entered the Union service as captain 
of Company I. 62d Regiment, Pennsylvania 
Volunteer Infantry, under Col. Samuel Black, 
for three years, but retired becauise of a 
wound before the expiration of that period. 
He had taken part in a number of serious en- 
gagements in the Peninsular campaign, the 
battle of Malvern Hill and the Seven Days' 
Fight, where he was wounded in the leg and 
left upon the field. Fortunately he fell into a 
little ravine, which became filled with water 
during heavy rains soon afterwards, and so 
he managed to keep his wound from getting 
inflamed, until he was picked up by a Rebel 
scouting party, taken to Richmond, and con- 
fined in Libbv prison for a short time until ex- 
changed. He was sent to David's Island hos- 
pital. New York, where he remained several 
months, then returned to Brookville on fur- 
lough and resigned when he found he was 
disabled for further service. Subsequently he 
served the community ably as associate judge, 
to which position he was elected in 1870, and 
during his term of five years added to an al- 
ready enviable reputation by his strict regard 



for the rights and welfare of all classes and 
his conscientious performance of every duty. 
When he retired from the bench in 1875, he 
resumed business, devoting himself entirely to 
his extensive lumbering interests until the 
spring of 1877, when he had a violent attack of 
fever. It was so severe as to break down his 
health completely, and he died Oct. 4, 1877, 
from its effects. 

( )n March 26, 1849, Judge Means was mar- 
ried to Mrs. Sarah W. (Hastings) Clark, 
widow of Jesse G. Clark. Her father, Thomas 
Hastings, of Brookville, died there June 3, 
1889. Of the seven children born to this mar- 
riage, two died in infancy, the others being: 
George W., born at Brookville April 23, 1853, 
a leading attorney of Brookville, married 
Emma E. Newton ; Thomas H. was the second 
son; John Barton, born March 30, 1857, a 
member of the firm of Means Brothers since 
1889, married Ada M. Dickey ; Sallie A., born 
at Brookville, is the widow of George T. Rod- 
gers, and resides at Brookville with her three 
children, Mary McClure, Ruth and George T. ; 
Harry G., born July 7, 1864, a member of the 
firm of Means Brothers from 1889, married 
Emma Smith and has a family. 

Thomas H. Means was born March 1, 1855, 
at Brookville, and received his early education 
in the schools of the borough, later attending 
the academy at Lewisburg, Pa. About 1879 
he became associated with Judge Mills in the 
mercantile business, the partnership lasting 
about two years, when Mr. Means purchased 
his partner's interest, carrying on the business 
for himself until 1889, when he sold it to his 
brothers, John B. and Harry G. Means, who 
continued it under the firm name of Means 
Brothers. On April 1. 1895, he again became 
a merchant at Brookville, and was so engaged 
until his death. Other interests were added to 
his original enterprise, and he was one of the 
leading business men of his section of the 
county, where he was honored for his integ- 
rity and looked up to as a man of unquestion- 
able judgment in local affairs. He was a 
director of the Jefferson County National 
Bank, and a Mason, holding membership in 
Hobah Lodge, No. 276, F. & A. M., Jefferson 
Chapter, No. 225, of Brookville, Commandery 
No. 1, K. T., of Pittsburgh, and Syria Temple, 
A. A. O. N. M. S., of Pittsburgh. 

On Oct. 16, 1878, Mr. Means married Mary 
Etta Mills, of Brookville, daughter of John 
and Maria Jane (Hughes') Mills; her father 
was elected treasurer of Jefferson county in 
i8fio. Mr. Means passed away June 14, 1910, 
and is buried in the Brookville cemetery. His 



88 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



widow maintains the beautiful home at Brook- 
ville, though she spends much time in travel. 
Mr. and Mrs. Means had no children. 

HERMAN C. BEACH is looked upon as one 
of the ablest business men in Brookville, which 
borough in proportion to its size has a large 
representation of the commercial and financial 
talent of this section of Pennsylvania. As a 
lumberman he is considered a competent all- 
round authority, and it is in this connection 
that he is most widely known, but his judgment 
has proved as reliable in other lines and his 
methods as successful. His interests have in- 
creased and multiplied to such an extent that 
he has had to keep at work tirelessly in their 
manipulation, but he has carried his respons- 
ibilities cheerfully, and has gone through life 
pleasantly, and he is popularly known among 
his many friends as "Billy" Beach. 

Mr. Beach was born at Brookville June 7, 
i860, son of Adam and Catherine (Sachs) 
Beach. The father was a native of Hesse, 
Germany, bom April 15, 181 5, and spent his 
early life in that country, coming to the United 
States in 1849 ar >d spending the rest of his 
days in Pennsylvania. His first location was 
at St. Marys, Elk county, and he afterwards 
spent a short time at Port Barnett, Jefferson 
county, where took charge of the gristmill, 
having learned the trade of miller. In 185 1 
he settled at Brookville, where he made a per- 
manent home, dying there Sept. 6, 1894, sud- 
denly, of apoplexy. His industry and careful 
management brought him deserved prosperity 
and the esteem of all his fellow men. By his 
first marriage Mr. Beach had a son Frank, 
born in Baden in 1833, who settled at Brook- 
ville, and died in November, 1907. In 1847 
Mr. Beach married (second) Catherine Sachs, 
who was born in Baden in 1823 and died in 
Brookville Dec. 2j, 1907. To this marriage 
were born four sons, three of whom are 
living: John, at one time proprietor of the 
Brookville Laundry; Herman C, of Brook- 
ville; and diaries H., of St. Louis. Missouri. 

Herman C. Beach had few advantages in 
his boyhood, as he commenced work when very 
young. But intelligent application has enabled 
him to remedy his early lack of opportunities, 
and he has made his way forward by merit. 
When sixteen years old he went to work in a 
sawmill, thus beginning the main business of 
his life in the most practical manner. He spent 
four years in the sawmill, and then changed 
to a shingle mill, and within a short time he 
decided to make a venture on his own account, 
buying a shingle mill which he operated until 



he had worked up all the material in its vicin- 
ity. Then he built a new mill at Carman, Elk 
Co., Pa., which he sold to H. B. Craig after 
operating it for about eighteen months. In 
March, 1885, he went to Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, 
where he purchased a skating rink, remaining 
at that place about fifteen months, when he 
sold out and returned to Brookville. Before 
long he entered the employ of Weis & Hal',, 
of Williamsport, Pa., for whom he bought and 
sold lumber, doing business for them in 
Pennsylvania and other States and looking 
after their lumber operations in Pennsylvania. 
Then he made a tour of the Southern States, 
looking for business opportunities and pros- 
pecting for timber. In association with L. B. 
Long, L. A. Brady and R. B. Vermilyea he 
then organized the Brookville Lumber Com- 
pany, on Jan. 17, 1894, and one year later Mr. 
Beach purchased Mr. Yermilyea's interest, the 
firm remaining in existence until Jan. 8, 1897. 
In June, 1895, he organized the Bennett's 
Branch Lumber & Shingle Company, at Wil- 
liamsport, Pa., in which he was a third owner, 
this concern buying and selling lumber, and 
manufacturing lumber and 24-inch white pine 
shingles. It was discontinued in 1901. Mr. 
Beach still has very extensive lumber interests. 
South and West, but he has continued to make 
his home and headquarters at Brookville, where 
he is still engaged in the lumber business, and 
other enterprises also have had the benefit of 
his cooperation and direction. He was one of 
the original organizers of the Brookville Title 
& Trust Company, in 1903, and has been first 
vice president of that institution ever since. 

Mr. Beach is noted for his inflexible integ- 
rity and keen sense of obligation in any trans- 
action, and his credit is unimpeachable. He is 
farsighted and has an optimistic faith in the 
future of Brookville which makes him a sup- 
porter of all meritorious enterprises started in 
the town, where his opinion and encourage- 
ment are highly valued. He is strictly a bus- 
iness man, keeping clear of public affairs, 
though he is c< Democrat and faithful to the 
principles of the party in questions of general 
importance. Socially he affiliates with Lodge 
No. 301, B. P. O. Elks, at Punxsutawney. 

In 1884 Mr. Beach married Josephine I',. 
Moynihan, who was born near Killarney, Ire- 
land, and came to America in 1878 with her 
parents, Jeremiah D. and Nellie (Kelly) 
Moynihan, natives of County Kerry, Ireland. 
The family settled in Jamestown, New York. 

DAVID FISHER BROWN, of Punxsu- 
tawney, is a member of a family whose lum- 






AjsiAfw 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



89 



bering, milling and agricultural operations in 
this section of Pennsylvania have been ex- 
tensive, furthering the progress of its de- 
velopment materially. He himself has been a 
large operator in oil and lumber, at present 
confining his activities to the latter industry, 
with large interests in North Carolina, where 
he is a member of the firm of Brown Brothers. 
Bells Mills, Jefferson county, was the home 
of the Browns for many years, and Henry 
Brown, father of David Fisher Brown, had 
large and valuable property holdings there, 
conducting his principal business activities at 
that point. 

James Brown, the founder of this Brown 
family in America, was a native of Ireland, 
born May 3, 1787. He was but five years old 
when brought to Pittsburgh, Pa., by his wid- 
owed mother, who subsequently married a 
Mr. McKinney, by whom she had two sons, 
Hugh and Daniel. James Brown died Sept. 
13, 1864, at the home of his son Henry, Bells 
Mills, Jefferson Co., Pa., and was buried in 
Mount Pleasant cemetery in Gaskill township, 
this county. His wife, Sarah, had died July 
n > 1S37, aged fifty-two years and some 
months, and James Brown spent the last few 
years of his life at his son's home. They 
were the parents of nine children : Sarah, 
born March 11, 181 1. married May 5, 1836, 
Samuel Whitcraft; Andrew, born Jan. 17, 
1813, married Delila Johnston, and settled in 
Keokuk, Iowa ; William H., born Jan. 12, 1815, 
a coal operator on the Monongahela river, was 
married Sept. 3, 1840, to .Mary Smith, of 
Minersville, now a part of Pittsburgh (they 
lived at Brown Station, and he raised his house 
up 168 feet, from the railroad, to the top of 
Squirrel Hill) ; James, born March 25, 1817, 
married Catherine Torner Jan. 20, 1842; John, 
born March 3, 1819, married Barbara Dun- 
mire Jan. 9, 1840; Henry was next in the 
family; Peter, born Jan. 3, 1823, married 
Clarena Jane McColley June 21, 1847; Mar- 
garet, born Feb. 15, 1825, married Alexander 
Duff Aug. 1, 1848; Mary Ann, born Dec. 8, 
1826, married Robert Duff Dec. 22, 1846. 

Henry Brown, son of James, was born May 
21, 1821, in or near Jacksonville (or Apollo). 
Westmoreland Co., Pa., on Brush creek. His 
earliest recollections were of that region. The 
family removed to the present site of Apollo, 
Armstrong county, in the year 183 1, and he 
remained at home until 1848, meantime having 
the usual experiences of country boys in those 
days— plenty of hard work and no "school ex- 
cept when his services were not needed at 
home. In 1848 he came to Bell township. 



Jefferson county, to haul timber, and was ever 
afterwards associated with the lumber busi- 
ness. In 1854 he purchased an old water mill 
on the Big Mahoning creek in Bell township, 
leveled it to the ground, and on its site erected 
a large gang mill. The capacity, sixty thou- 
sand feet per day, was too large with the 
meager transportation facilities then at hand, 
and Mr. Brown was obliged to abandon this 
mill, erecting near by a circular sawmill whose 
production was much smaller, but better suited 
to the conditions in the locality. Besides con- 
ducting these mills he did a large business in 
square timber on the Red Bank and Big Ma- 
honing creeks, employing in his various opera- 
tions many men and teams from various parts 
of the country. The farmers in the vicinity 
would clear land and put in small crops dur- 
ing the summer season, and in the winter 
would work one or two teams apiece in the 
woods, hauling timber. Mr. Brown became 
the owner of many farms, which he cleared 
after cutting off choice timber in large quan- 
tities, beautiful white pine, cherry, oak, chest- 
nut, hemlock, poplar and other valuable woods 
which then abounded in the heavy forests. The 
pick of the cuttings would be sent to market, 
the remainder cut and piled up into huge log 
heaps, which had to be burned to enable agri- 
cultural operations to be started. The ground 
was plowed with a shovel plow, and the work 
of development went on slowly at first, but 
Mr. Brown was a capable farmer as well as 
lumberman, and managed as much as fifteen 
hundred acres under cultivation ( seven farms) 
at one time, besides his other interests. When 
he and his wife settled at their home in the 
beautiful forests in the wilds of Jefferson 
county, upon their marriage, only a potato 
patch had been cleared, and the woods were 
so dense they could haTdly see the sun shine 
through. But their early toil was well re- 
warded, and they acquired a handsome home, 
substantially built and well furnished, at Bells 
.Milk. There also Henry Brown built one of 
the largest bank barns ever constructed at any 
time in Jefferson county. On Nov. 15, 1S84, 
Ins sawmill, together with a large amount of 
machinery and lumber, was destroyed by fire, 
the loss being about eleven thousand dollars, 
with no insurance. The next year he expended 
ten thousand, five hundred dollars replacing it 
with a circular sawmill with eighty-five horse- 
power and a capacity of forty thousand feet 
daily, one of the best in the county. Fie ac- 
quired twenty-five hundred acres of timber- 
land here besides the farm holdings already 
mentioned, and much of his acreage proved to 



90 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



have valuable coal deposits ; in addition, he 
had six hundred and fifty acres of timber and 
mineral land in Tennessee, underlaid with 
coal, iron ore and limestone. 

On June i, 1851, Mr. Brown was married, 
at Pittsburgh, Pa., to Rachel Catherine Fisher, 
a native of Wittenberg, Germany, born March 
24, 1831. When seven years old she came to 
this country with her parents, Frederick and 
Catherine Fisher, the family settling at Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. Frederick Fisher was a cattle 
buyer. Returning home late one summer 
evening, with the .shepherd dog that assisted 
him to drive his cattle, he had to cross a 
ford in the Allegheny river. Missing the nar- 
row way, his horse plunged into a deep pool 
and threw him from the saddle, and though 
an expert swimmer he was drowned, having 
been struck on the head by the horse's front 
foot. The dog and horse swam out, and when 
the dog arrived home alone the family knew 
something had gone wrong. Upon search Mr. 
Fisher's body was found in a deep hole just 
below the ford. His widow went to live with 
her daughter. Mrs. Henry Brown, at Bells 
Mills, Jefferson Co., Pa., with whom she re- 
sided in congenial companionship until her 
death, April 30, 1865, when sixty-four years 
old, assisting her with the rearing of the large 
family, by whom she was greatly beloved. She 
was buried in Mount Pleasant graveyard. 
Mrs. Fisher reared a large family. 

As stated, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Brown 
were married in Pittsburgh, and proceeded to 
their home at Bells Mills via steamboat to 
Kittanning, thence by horseback and buggy 
across country to Punxsutawney. At that time 
he was carrying on the lumber business and a 
store, the latter in a building still standing 
near the Henry Brown home, to which he 
brought his bride. It Was quite a change from 
city life to the settlement among the tall tim- 
ber, but the couple were happy in their work 
and their family, and had a long and prosper- 
ous married life. Henry Brown lived and 
died in that home, passing away May 15, 1902, 
in the same room where his sixteen children 
had been born. Mrs. Brown died Fell. 6. 
1906. We have the following record of their 
large family : 

(1) Franklin Pierce Brown, born Sept. 12, 
1852. died Sept. 21, 1914, at Big Run. Pa., 
where he had been engaged in the coal busi- 
ness. On Dec. 25. 1873, he married Melissa 
Anna Canaga, of Scio, Ohio, and four chil- 
dren were born to them: Edna Alice, born 
Sept. 7. 1874; G. A. Jenks. Dec. 17, 1875; 
Irma Rachel. July 30. 1884. and Harry David. 



Oct. 14, 1890. The parents were members of 
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 

(2) William John Brown, born March 13, 

1854, married Elizabeth Zeitler, of Punxsu- 
tawney, Pa., daughter of George Zeitler, and 
they had a daughter, Bertha, now the wife of 
Morris Colter, of Punxsutawney. 

(3) James Madison Brown, born July 21, 

1855, died Dec. 25. 1878, at the old home- 
stead at Bells Mills. He married Nancy Jane 
Doncaster, of Punxsutawney, daughter of 
Daniel and Susie Doncaster, who lived in the 
West End of that borough, and their only 
child, Laura, is married to Henry Wicken- 
hiser, of Coraopolis, Pa. They have at this 
writing (May 2T,, 1916) three children, one 
son and two daughters. 

(4) David Fisher Brown, born Oct. 7, 

1856, is mentioned at length below. 

(5) Henry Washington Brown, born Dec. 
5, 1857, died Aug. 6, 1905. in the room where 
he was born. His business operations were 
in the oil fields. 

(6) Robert Andrew Brown, born July 14, 
1859, died July 30, 1859. 

(7) Andrew Lot Brown, born Feb. 6, 1861, 
died Oct. 4, 1861. 

(8) Tirzah Jane Brown, born March 3, 
1862, died March 17, 1889, at Newhall, Cal. 
Her brother David was with her at the time 
of her death and brought her home for burial. 

(9) Mary Amanda Brown, born Aug. 29, 
[863, died March 24. 1864. 

(10) Peter Lot Brown, born March 28, 1865, 
married Margaret Grube, of Bell township, 
and they have had seven children : Nellie, 
wife of Rev. Meade Dougherty, of Cloe, Bell 
township (they have one daughter) ; Ned L., ' 
who married Ada I',. Cottle, of West Virginia, 
and formerly lived at Eskota, N. C. (on Dec. 1, 
1916, he purchased the clothing store of M. H. 
Morris, at Punxsutawney. which he has since 
been conducting under the name of Ned L. 
Brown & Co.) ; Madeline, Mrs. Bidewell, of 
Punxsutawney ; Katherine. now a student at 
the Indiana ( Pa. ) State Normal School ; 
Martha, studying at Beaver, Pa.: Louise, and 
James Grube. 

(11) Sallie Melzena Brown, born Aug. 7, 
1867, inarried Jacob Froelich. of Evansville, 
Ind.. lived there and at Denver, Colo., and is 
now established at Eskota. N. C. the location 
of the Brown Brothers Lumber Company's 
mill. Mr. and Mrs. Froelich have two chil- 
dren: Katherine, now attending the Indiana 
(Pa.) State Normal School, and Jacob, who 
attends school in Virginia. 

(12) George Cooper Brown, born Oct. 28, 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



91 



1868, married Ada Willson, of Punxsutawney, 
daughter of John P. Willson, and they have 
two sons: Henry W., who is studying in 
Philadelphia, and Donald, attending school in 
Punxsutawney. 

(13) Ward Fulton Brown, born Oct. 21, 

1869, is now in the lumber business at Eskota, 
N. C, being half owner in the Brown Broth- 
er- Lumber Company, of which he is presi- 
dent and manager. Except for an occasional 
respite, when relieved by his brother P. Lot 
Brown, he remains at Eskota in constant 
supervision of the company's interests. He 
married Olive Jenks, of Punxsutawney, 
daughter of John Jenks. 

( 14) Andrew Barclay Brown, bom Dec. 8, 

1870, died Tan. 11, 1880. 

(15) Weight B. Brown, born Feb. 28, 1872, 
died Aug. 20, 1872. 

(16) Edward Purl Brown, born March 25, 
1874, married Clara Graffius, of Punxsutaw- 
ney, Pa., who is deceased. They had one son, 
who died young. 

David Fisher Brown was born Oct. 7, 1856, 
on his father's farm at Bells Mills, where he 
grew up. He obtained his education in the 
local public schools, and remained at home 
until twenty-three years of age, when he went 
to Clearfield county, this State. His early 
environment had been such as to make him 
familiar with woods and mill work, and he 
hired out in the lumber woods, receiving sixty 
cents a day wages. After a short time he 
decided to try his fortune elsewhere, and went 
to Bradford. Pa., where he was first employed 
in the manufacture of oil machinery. He 
was one of the earliest operators in the oil 
field in that section, drilling wells, and from 
there went to other fields in every part of the 
United States where oil is found, gaining a 
wide experience in the thirty years or more of 
his connection with the industry, from which 
he withdrew in 1914, when he sold his last 
holding, in Oklahoma, to the Standard Oil in- 
terests. Xow his chief investments are in the 
lumber business, which he carries on in con- 
nection with his brothers Ward F., Peter L. 
and George C. Brown, under the firm name of 
Brown Brothers, owning a large tract at 
Eskota, N. C. He maintains his residence, 
however, at Punxsutawney, living with his 
brother Peter L. Brown. During 1915 and 
1916 he gave much of his time toward super- 
intending and assisting in the erection of a 
beautiful residence in the East End of the 
borough which they now occupy, one of the 
most interesting homes, from an architectural 
standpoint, in the country, and equipped with 



all the conveniences and comforts known to 
modern constructive art. It is located at 
Dinsmore avenue and East Mahoning street, 
Punxsutawney. Mr. Brown did all the de- 
signing himself, and the original and artistic 
arrangement of space and use of material are 
a credit to his ability as well as to his sense 
of beauty. He wanted materials of natural 
beauty, and the stones and marbles employed 
have been gathered in all parts of the world, 
and put together with a keen understanding of 
the propriety and relative values attaching to 
each. Henry L. Wilson, of Los Angeles, was 
the architect, and the stone work was laid by 
John Ouincy Adam, of Albion, Bell town- 
ship, assisted by Zeke Carsi, an Italian, Mr. 
Brown working with them and handling every 
stone, making careful selection and deciding 
upon the placing of each piece. The result is a 
triumph well worth the trouble and patience 
necessary to attain it. The Spanish Mission 
style of architecture was followed very suc- 
cessfully, and people from many States have 
come out of their way to view the building, 
whose exterior and interior finishing is re- 
markable enough to make the trip worth while. 
The stone for the mantels was chosen espe- 
cially for each, and shows rare taste in texture 
and color as well as use. 

Mr. Brown has traveled widely, and during 
1909-10 he made a tour of the world, leaving 
New York City Oct. 16, 1909, on the "Cleve- 
land,"' of the Hamburg-American Line, the 
first ship to make the trip completely. 

Mr. Brown' married Frances C. Bell, of 
Bells Mills, who was born June 7, 1879, daugh- 
ter of William E. and Hannah (Barclay) Bell, 
the former deceased, the latter still residing 
at Bells Mills. Mrs. Krown died March 14. 
1913, at her mother's home in Bells Mills, and 
is buried in the Brown plot in the old cemetery 
at Punxsutawney. Mr. Brown has no chil- 
dren. He is one of the most influential resi- 
dents of Punxsutawney, and has been so thor- 
oughly public-spirited that he has the highest 
regard of the best element in the borough, 
where bis judgment on all matters of im- 
portance is sought and valued. 

The old homestead farm in Bell township 
is now owned by Ward F. Brown, one of the 
sons of Henry Brown. At 3 140 p. m. on Aug. 
5. 1916, his barn, the largest in Jefferson 
county, and filled with about seventy-five tons 
of hay and other grain, was struck by light- 
ning, and totally destroyed in the ensuing fire. 

JAMES S. CARROLL is emphatically loyal 
to and appreciative of the vigorous borough 



92 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



of Brookville, where his birth occurred on 
the igth of November, 1861, ami where his 
activities have been centered during the in- 
tervening years and have been marked by 
definite and worthy achievement. He is 
cashier of the Jefferson County National Bank. 
Mr. Carroll is a son of James T. and Mary 
Ann ( barley ) Carroll, the former born at 
Tomstown, Franklin county, on the 14th of 
February, 1829, and the latter at Belief onte, 
on the 1st of June, 1836. The father died at 
Brookville, on Nov. 23, 1895, and here the 
devoted, wife and mother passed to the life 
eternal on the [8th of April, 190(1, the mem- 
ories of both being revered by all who came 
within the compass of their gracious and kindly 
influence. Of the two children the younger 
is James S. and the elder was Charles, born 
on the 17th of January, 1858, and whose death 
occurred on the 9th of February, 1862. 

James Thomas Carroll was reared and edu- 
cated in Franklin and Jefferson counties, and 
in his youth he learned the trade of shoemaker, 
at which he became a skilled workman and to 
which he devoted his attention for many 
years. His boyhood was passed with other 
members of the family in building a home in 
the wilderness, and he continued his residence 
in Eldred township, Jefferson county, until 
the 28th of June, 1847, when, as a young man 
of eighteen years, he removed to the village 
of Brookville, where he passed the residue of 
his life, a steadfast, upright and unassuming 
citizen, who proved himself one of the world's 
workers and who so ordered his course as to 
merit and command the unqualified esteem of 
his fellow men. He took a loyal interest and 
part in community affairs and from i860 to 
1870 was the incumbent of the office of jus- 
tice of the peace, in which he served with 
characteristic fidelity and ability. His politi- 
cal support was given to the Democratic party. 

James Carroll, grandfather of James S. Car- 
roll, was born near the picturesque river 
Slaney, in County Wexford. Ireland, and the 
year of his nativity was 171)'). He was a 
scion of one of the sterling old families of 
that section of the fair Emerald Isle, where 
he grew to adult age and gained the mental 
and physical power that well equipped him 
for the winning for himself of independence 
and prosperity after coming to America. He 
was a lad of about sixteen years when, in 
1815, he immigrated to the United States, and 
he first located in the State of Maryland. 
Within a few years thereafter, at Frederick, 
that State, was solemnized his marriage to 
Miss Margaret Keplinger, born in 1801, and 



whose death occurred at the old homestead 
in Fldred township, on June 23, 1873, her re- 
mains being laid to rest in the Catholic cem- 
etery at Corsica. James Carroll went to Illi- 
nois, and at Mount Carroll, Carroll county, 
that State, his death occurred in June, 1855. 
From Maryland he had removed with his fam- 
ily to Pennsylvania, and in coming to estab- 
lish a home in Eldred township, he and his 
family arrived at Brookville on the evening of 
the last day of September, 1841 ; the sturdy 
young sons slept in the wagon that night and 
found themselves covered with snow when 
they awoke in the morning. The trip to this 
county was made with team and wagon, as may 
be inferred from the foregoing, and the father 
established a liome in the wilds of Eldred 
township, where he became a substantial citi- 
zen. Both he and his wife were devout com- 
municants of the Catholic Church, and Mrs. 
Carroll was of German lineage. In the follow- 
ing paragraph is given brief record concern- 
ing the children of these sterling pioneers: 

John Edward was born Nov. 20, 1825; 
his death occurred May 2j, 1890. On the 2d 
of August, 1846, he wedded Matilda Ander- 
son, born July 17, 1829, and died on the 7th 
of January. 1859. On the 4th of April, 1861, 
John E. Carroll contracted a second marriage, 
when Elizabeth Snyder became his wife ; her 
birth occurred Sept. 22, 1837. Marian, sec- 
ond of the children, was born March 10, 1827. 
and became the wife of George McLaughlin, 
who was a prosperous farmer and merchant 
of Jefferson county and served as sheriff of 
this county from 1852 to 1855. James Thomas, 
father of James S., was the next in order of 
birth, and his marriage to Mary Ann Farley 
was solemnized on the 9th of December, 1856, 
due record concerning them having already 
been entered in this context. William Henry, 
the fourth child, was born Jan. 16, 183 1, and 
was a resident of Colorado at the time of his 
death, which occurred June 11, 1902. He was 
a substantial farmer of the county for a time; 
the maiden name of his wife was Judith Stahl- 
111,111. George Alexander was born Oct. 18, 
1832, and passed to eternal rest on the 8th of • 
( )c ober, 1908. He was a successful agricul- 
turist and merchant of Jefferson county, was 
influential in public affairs of a local order, 
and served for a number of years as justice 
of the peace in Eldred township, lie mar- 
ried Nancy Jane Fierce, who still survives him. 
Thomas Moore, born April 6, 1834, was a resi- 
dent of Brookville at the time of his death, 
which occurred Dec. 22, 1897, and was a shoe- 
maker by trade and voca'ion; the maiden 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



93 



name of his wife was Louisa Cherrier. Eliza 
Lucretia, who was born July 17, 1836, died 
on the 1 2th of December, 1903. She became 
the wife of Joseph M. Wilson, born Dec. 2". 
182Q, and who died April 12, 1897, a well 
known citizen of Jefferson county. Margaret 
C. was born Oct. 30, 1838, and is the wife of 
Richard R. Snyder, who was born Sept. 22, 
1837, their home being at Corsica, in Jefferson 
county. Sarah Jane was born July 22, 1842, 
and died in young womanhood. Francis, the 
youngest of the children, was born Feb. [6, 
1845, and died at Nashville, Tenn., on the 17th 
of May, i8()2. while a member of Company 
B, 1 8th Regiment, U. S. A. 

James S. Carroll, whose name introduces 
this article, is indebted to the public schools 
of Brookville for his earl)- education. Leav- 
ing school he learned the art of telegraphy, 
and entered the service of the Pennsylvania 
Railroad Company, his identification with rail- 
road work continuing from 1S75 to 1886. in 
which latter year he became a clerk in the post 
office at Brookville. In this position he re- 
mained until the 1st of October, 1888, when 
he assumed a clerical position in the Jefferson 
County Na'ional Bank, his service in this ca- 
pacity leading to a final and merited advance- 
ment to the important office of cashier, the 
duties of which he entered upon the 1st of 
July, 1890, and in which he has been retained, 
as a valued and popular officer of this solid 
and well ordered banking concern, to the 
present time. He takes a lively interest in all 
that touches the welfare and progress of his 
native place, and is an essentially enterprising 
and public-spirited business man of Brookville, 
with inviolable vantage place in popular con- 
fidence and esteem. Mr. Carroll gives his po- 
litical support to the Democratic party, and 
in a fraternal way he is in active affiliation 
with ITobah Lodge. Xo. 2~(\ F. and A. M., 
and Jefferson Chapter, Xo. 225, R. A. M. 

In i8<)2 was solemnized the marriage of 
Mr. Carroll to Miss Victoria LaVerne Porter, 
who likewise was born and reared in Jefferson 
county and whose father. William L. Porter, 
was long a prominent and influential citizen 
of Brookville. Mr. and Mrs. Carroll have no 
children. 

GEORGE W. FINK, of Purixsutawney, 

-present chief executive of that borough, has 
a well deserved place in the good graces of his 
townsmen. He is not one of the old residents 
there, but none commands a greater degree of 
respect and confidence. His record in politics 



is unique, an example of non-partisanship in 
municipal affairs which does him high credit. 

Mr. Fink is a native of Jefferson county 
but of German extraction, his father, Fred- 
erick Fink, having been born in Germany, 
whence he came to America in the year 1848. 
He first settled at Pittsburgh, Pa., where he 
worked for a short time, removing soon to 
Jefferson county and locating at Bells Mills, 
where he operated an old "up and down" saw 
mill for I lenry Brown. Later he purchased 
a tract of land in Oliver township, which he 
cleared and improved, erecting substantial 
buildings on the place, where he lived and died, 
reaching the age of eighty-two years. He is 
buried in Circle Hill cemetery at Punxsu- 
tawney. His wife, whose maiden name was 
Magdalena Graitge, came to this country on 
the same sailing vessel which brought him, 
with a large company of other young people, 
and they had the opportunity of becoming 
very well acquainted during the long voyage 
of fifty-two days, their arrival being delayed 
by storms and other unfortunate happenings. 
It was not long afterwards that the young 
couple married, and they had a long and pros- 
perous domestic life, Mrs. Fink reaching the 
age of seventy years. Of the four children 
born to this union, Elizabeth, wife of Joseph 
Snyder, is living in Rose township, Jefferson 
county: John B. died in [892; Margaret mar- 
ried J. C. \ asbinder, of Rose township; 
1 leorge W. completes the family. 

George W. Fink was born Aug. 24, 1857, 
at ( (liveburg, in Oliver township, and was 
reared and educated there. He was trained to 
agricultural work, assisting his father during 
his early life and later taking over the home- 
stead and operating the place on his own ac- 
count. But though successful in his farm work 
he had an ambition to enter commercial busi- 
ness, and in 11)03 ne removed to Punxsu- 
tawney. where his interests have since been 
centered. He sold out his farm property, and 
look up the insurance business, and the lucra- 
tive patronage he has acquired fully justifies 
the confidence he had in his ability to win suc- 
cess. Mr. Fink has also handled many profit- 
able real estate transactions, his good judgment 
being a reliable guide in the purchase and sale 
of local property. Meantime, though busy 
es'ablishing himself in his new business rela- 
tions, he had entered with proper spirit into 
civic matters, serving a year in the borough 
council and several years on the school board, 
of which he was a member when elected bur- 
gess, resigning when he assumed his new 
duties. 1 Ie took office as mayor of Punxsu- 



94 



JEFFERSOX COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



tawney Jan. 5. 1914, under unusual conditions. 
Mr. Fink is a Democrat, and the borough 
strongly Republican, so much so that in a 
period of twenty-five years only two Demo- 
cratic mayors have been elected. Moreover, 
his name was put up at the primaries against 
his wishes and advice, and during the campaign 
he made no appeal or promises to the voters 
to secure their support. Jt is worthy of rec- 
ord that his campaign expenses amounted to 
about four dollars, spent for cards bearing his 
name and the announcement of his candidacy, 
which he distributed without comment. In the 
race for the office he had two worthy com- 
petitors, men of the highest standing, so that 
his election was a victory which might well be 
a matter of personal pride. His administra- 
tion has been characterized by the integrity and 
business-like methods which his supporters ex- 
pected when they voted for him. His hon- 
orable, well-balanced character and sincere de- 
sire to be a true servant of the borough have 
been exemplified in many well-directed enter- 
prises inaugurated upon his advice and in- 
fluence. It has been his endeavor to perform 
his duties conscientiously, warranting the good 
opinions of his fellow citizens as to his capacity 
and honest intentions, and there is no reason 
to believe that they will be disappointed in 
their judgment of him. His popularitv is 
based upon a combination of sterling qualities 
which make him well liked by his associates 
in any relation. 

In 1899 Mr. Fink was married to Mrs. 
Emma Updegraph, and they have one child, 
Elizabeth. He is a member of the Central 
Presbyterian Church and very active in its 
work, having been a member of the board of 
trustees for years and church treasurer for 
ten years. 

JOHN WESLEY FOUST, M. D.. late of 
Revnoldsville, was one of those men of vigor- 
ous character whose personality influences 
every phase of thought and action in the com- 
munity where their lot is cast. Possessing 
strong individuality, and the faculty of im- 
pressing others with the soundness of his 
views, he combined those traits happily with 
sincerity of purpose toward his fellows and a 
high desire to help them attain the best in life. 
The workings of his active mind were apparent 
in every enterprise with which he was asso- 
ciated, and they were mam- and varied, for 
lii> sympathies were broad and his talent for 
leadership not limited to any particular field. 
He was a guiding spirit in all local affairs, 
whether of a social, business, public or politi- 



cal nature, and entirely competent to handle 
larger questions whenever called upon to do 
so, as he frequently was. There are few men 
whose record is so complete in respect of large 
usefulness. 

Dr. Foust was a native of Huntingdon 
county, Pa., where his father, Samuel Foust. 
lived and died. Two of the latter's sons still 
survive : Frank, a resident of Harrisburg, Pa., 
and D. H.. of Huntingdon. John Weslev was 
born in 1 S44 at the town of Shirleysburg, and 
spent his youth on a farm. His early education 
was acquired in the local schools, and later he 
was sent to the Cassville Seminary in Hunting- 
don county, becoming sufficiently well in- 
formed to begin school teaching when seven- 
teen years old, .in Union township, that county. 
When eighteen years old he taught school in 
Mifflin county. In June, 1863, he enlisted in 
the Union army, joining Company A, 22A 
Pennsylvania Cavalry, and served to the end 
of the war. Then he resumed teaching, be- 
coming principal of the high school at Maple- 
ton. Huntingdon county, and in 1866 taught 
the Sugar Grove high school in that county. 
meantime taking up the study of medicine. 
He attended lectures at Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege, Philadelphia, from which he was gradu- 
ated, and began practice in 1868 at Port Ma- 
tilda, Center county, at which location he re- 
mained about five years. Moving to Reynolds- 
ville in 1873, he made his permanent home 
there, and at the time of his death was the 
oldest physician in the borough, an honored 
member of the Jefferson County Medical 
Society, and of the State and the American 
Medical Associations. Dr. Foust was in active 
practice until within a few months of his 
death and always held a high place in the ranks 
of his profession, being as popular with his 
fellow practitioners as he was with the patients 
who depended upon him for medical advice. 

In view of his work and worth in his pro- 
fession, Dr. Foust"s achievements in other lines 
are especially renlarkable. The borough of 
Revnoldsville was incorporated the year he set- 
tled there, and he was one of the men who 
voted at the first election, four others who par- 
ticipated in that affair surviving him. The 
election was held in the spring of 1874, and 
he was chosen' burgess of the new borough, 
succeeding Mr. Miner, who had been appointed 
to fill the office until an election should be 
held. It was the beginning of a public service 
which is not often equaled in any community. 
In 1878 he was a school director, and remained 
in that branch of the borough government for 
thirty-three successive years, retiring in 191 1. 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



95 



But he was recalled to the membership of the 
board in 1913, and was serving at the time of 
his death. It would be difficult to define the 
extent of his work in securing adequate public 
educational advantages for the borough, a duty 
of whose responsibilities he- had the highest 
conception. His ideas on this question were 
well formed, and he went to great pains to 
see that the most approved methods were 
properly tried out in the local schools. In 
recognition of his long-continued loyalty in 
the interest of the public schools, several hun- 
dred pupils of the primary grades marched in 
a body to his home on the day of his funeral, 
a mark of respect which no other man in 
Reynoldsville has ever received. 

In the fall of 1885 Mr. Foust was elected 
associate judge of Jefferson county, resigning 
that office in February, 1890, to accept the 
appointment of postmaster of Reynoldsville, 
under Harrison. He served four years, with 
his customary efficiency. . Dr. Foust was a life- 
long Republican and one of the most enthu- 
siastic members of the party in Jefferson 
county, taking part in every campaign and be- 
ing considered one of its most reliable coun- 
selors throughout his life. After his service- 
as postmaster he was twice a candidate for the 
Republican nomination for member of the Leg- 
islature, and was at one time prominently men- 
tioned for Congressional honors. He fre- 
quently was a delegate to county and State 
conventions, and in 1912 was sent to the Na- 
tional convention held in Chicago as a Roose- 
velt supporter, following the latter into the 
Progressive party. 

Dr. Foust was always ready to encourage 
local industrial undertakings with his financial 
support and sometimes also sharing in their 
active management. In company with A. R. 
Barlow he was engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness ; he was president of the Star Class Com- 
pany, whose plant was at Reynoldsville ; and 
was a stockholder in the First National Bank. 
His last public appearance was at the meeting 
held in the Adelphi theatre, which he ad- 
dressed, to advocate the consolidation of the 
boroughs of Reynoldsville and West Reynolds- 
ville. his speech undoubtedly helping to decide 
in favor of the union. Dr. Foust died at his 
home in Reynoldsville Dec. 26, 1914, after 
several months of illness, and was buried in 
the Reynoldsville cemetery. The pall-bearers 
were members of his profession, the honorary 
bearers members of John C. Conser Post. G. 
A. R.. of which he had long been a member, 
and the other fraternal orders with which he 
was affiliated, the Elks, Knights of Pythias 



and I 1 . O. S. of A., were also well represented, 
as were all classes in the community. 

Dr. Foust married Catherine Robinson, 
daughter of Daniel Robinson, of Huntingdon 
county. Pa. She has one sister, Anna, wife of 
William Rabold, and they reside in Hunting- 
don county, Pa. Twelve children were born 
to this union, six of whom survive with Mrs. 
Foust: Yada married W. R. Smith, of Al- 
exander, W. \ a., and has four children, Orba, 
Eula, Placid and Milfred. Clara is the wife 
of Samuel E. Wisor, of Reynoldsville, and has 
four children, John, Charles, Mabel and 
Walter. Luella was educated at Chamberlain 
Institute, at Randolph. N. Y., and was assistant 
in the post office during her father's term as 
postmaster; she is the wife of G. C. Strouse, 
of Reynoldsville, and has two children, Hazel 
and Howard C. William O. died when thirty- 
one years old, and is survived by a daughter, 
Mabel. Mabel married II. C. Richards, and 
has four children. Coral, Harold, Lillian and 
Harry ; they live at Beaumont, Texas. John, 
who died at the age of twenty-nine years, was 
married to Evaline Doebel, and they had three 
children, Ruth, John and Richard. Martha is 
the wife of H. L. Dickey, of Beaumont, Texas, 
and has one child, George. James and Mary, 
twins, died in infancy. Selma and Birdie died 
young. Pansy graduated from the Reynolds- 
ville high school in 1913, subsequently at- 
tended the Clarion (Pa.) State Normal School 
and State College, and is now teaching in 
Winslow township. 

George C. Strouse was born July 19, 1863, 
on his father's homestead in Winslow town- 
ship, son of George Strouse and grandson of 
Jonathan, who changed the spelling of his 
name from Strauss to Strouse after his re- 
moval to Jefferson county. Jonathan Strauss 
was a native of Berks county, Pa., where the 
name is an old and honored one, its represen- 
tatives in the different generations prominent 
in public life in their severalcommunities, and 
some of wider fame in the State and nation. 
Thrift seems to have followed the history of 
the family since its first coming to America 
from the Fatherland, back in the eighteenth 
century, and many of its members have been 
men of wealth and influential in the financial 
world. 

On Sept. 26, 1732. there landed in the city 
of Philadelphia from Wurtemberg, Germany, 
two brothers of the name of Strauss, Albrecht 
and John Philip. They were mere boys, the 
elder, Albrecht, swearing in his oath of alle- 
giance, then necessary to take on landing, that 
he was but twenty, while John Philip left a 



96 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



record in his family Bible that he was born 
Sept. 13, 1713. They soon appeared in Berks 
county, Pa., where in the vicinity of what is 
now Bernville they each took up large tracts 
of land, a part of the original acres still being 
held by members of the present generation. 
They were both Lutherans, so that their later 
marriages, the births of their children, and in- 
deed the whole Strauss family history, be- 
came a part of the records of that church. 

Albrecht Strauss, the elder of the brothers, 
took up a tract of 350 acres, upon which he set- 
tled and reared a large family, eleven children 
in all, their mother, whom he married in 1734, 
being Anna Margaret Zerbe, who came with 
her father, Martin Zerbe, from Schoharie. 



N. Y., in 



The children were as follows 



I 1 ) Maria Barbara, born Nov. 16, 1735, mar- 
ried June 2. 1754. John Kloss (now Klohs), 
and had ten children, six of whom survived 
and left issue, the descendants of this line being 
numerous. (2) John Jacob, born May> 5, 
1737, lived on part of the homestead acres 
north of Bernville. He married Elizabeth 
Brecht and they became the parents of nine 
children. Albrecht ( who remained on the 
homestead), John, David, Elizabeth, Philip. 
Jacob, Samuel, Michael and Catharine. Their 
descendants were also numerous. (3) Maria 
Elizabeth, twin of John Jacob, married John 
Daniel Maderv. and had three children so far 
as known. (4) Anna Elizabeth was born 
March 25, 1739. (5) John Casper, born Aug. 
5, 1741. died in infancy. (6) Maria Eva Ro- 
sina, born Nov. 6, 1742, married Christopher 
Scbaber, and the baptisms of five of their chil- 
dren are recorded. (7) Maria Catharine, born 
March 6, 1745, married John Long, and had a 
son, John Jacob. (8) John Philip, born Jan. 

4, 1748. married Sevilla Kepner, daughter of 
Benedict and Maria Salone Kepner, and had 
eight children. John, Jacob (who settled in 
Ohio), Polly, Betsey, Catharine, David, Sus- 
anna and Sidney. They moved to Cumberland 
county befcie the Revolution. (9) Maria 
Christina was born July 26. 1751. (10) Maria 
Susanna, born Oct. 5, 1753, married Benjamin 
Kebner, and lived near her brother Philip. 
'ii ) John Samuel. 

John Samuel Strauss, youngest child of 
Albrecht, was born May 13, 1756. On Nov. 
10, 1784, he married Catharine Elizabeth Um- 
benhauer, who was born May 10, 1758, daugh- 
ter of Balthaser and Maria Appalonia Um- 
benhauer, who owned a large tract of land in- 
cluding the site of Bernville. He became the 
owner of the homestead by purchase on Aug. 

5, 1784. and there they resided all their lives. 



Like his cousin, John Philip, son of Philip, 
he served actively in the Revolutionary strug- 
gle, and was an influential and useful citizen 
of his locality. He died March 25, 1835, his 
wife having preceded him Dec. 16, 1821. They 
had a family of thirteen children, viz. : John, 
the founder of Strausstown ; Maria Magda- 
lena, Mrs. Tobias Henne; John Philip, born 
Sept. 26, 1 781, who died Feb. 12, 1865; Sam- 
uel ; Johanna, Mrs. Samuel Greim ; John Jacob, 
born Nov. 23, 1788, who died Nov. 9, 1877; 
Elizabeth, born Feb. 12, 1790, who died Aug. 
19, 1875, Mrs. Elias Redcay ; Susanna; 
Joseph ; John William, born Oct. 26, 1795, who 
died Oct. 13, 1885; Catherine; Benjamin, born 
April 30, 1800, who died Dec. 14, 1886; 
and Jonathan. This family was noted for 
longevity. 

Albrecht Strauss, the emigrant, was a promi- 
nent man of his locality, and his penmanship 
denoted that he was an educated man. He was 
naturalized by the "Supream Court" of the 
Province on Sept. 24, 1755, the certificate 
thereof now being in the possession of his 
descendant, B. Morris Strauss, of Reading, 
Pa. He died a short time previous to May 7, 
1787, that being the date of the filing of his ad- 
ministration papers. His wife died about the 
same time. 

Jonathan Strauss, or Strouse, grandfather of 
George C. Strouse, died April 17, 1865, aged 
sixty-six years and twenty-five days. He moved 
to Westmoreland county in 1822, and there 
married Juliann Cease, who died Oct. 10, 1875, 
at the age of seventy-five years, five months 
and two days, and by whom he had the fol- 
lowing family : George ; Martin died in Wins- 
low township ; Christian died in childhood ; 
Daniel died in the West ; Jacob died in Wins- 
low township ; Noah died in Winslow town- 
ship; Elizabeth, Mrs. Lewis Ludwig, died in 
Winslow township. Jonathan Strauss lived 
on a farm in Westmoreland county, and in ad- 
dition to agriculture followed his trade of stone 
and brick mason as well as carpentry, being a 
most capable workman. In 1839 he came to 
Jefferson county and was one of the pioneers 
of Winslow township, purchasing several hun- 
dred acres of land in that section, all then in 
the woods. He built a log cabin and began the 
work of clearing, and here he spent the re- 
mainder of his life, dying in middle age, when 
fifty-eight years old. He is buried in the 
Syphrit graveyard in Winslow township. Mr. 
Strauss lived like most of the pioneers, fol- 
lowing lumbering in the dense forests which 
then covered this region, taking out square 



RK 





^ha^L 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



97 



timber and rafting on the Sandy Lick from 
what is known as Strauss' Landing. 

George Strouse, son of Jonathan, was born 
near Youngstown, Westmoreland Co., Pa., 
and was twelve years old when he accompanied 
his parents to Jefferson county. He assisted 
his father in the clearing of the land, and when 
ready to begin on his own account purchased 
a tract of 250 acres adjoining the paternal es- 
tate, where he continued clearing, lumbering 
and agriculture, engaging in the latter all his 
life. He died on his farm May 27, 1886, aged 
fifty-eight years, ten months and ten days. His 
wife. Margaret Ellen (DuMars), born Dec. 
23, 1833. died Oct. 18, 1903. Her mother's 
maiden name was Harriet Gamble. They had 
three children : Mary E., who died March 16, 
1886, unmarried; Daniel W.. who met an ac- 
cidental death Feb. 19, 1904; and George C _ 

George C. Strouse was reared upon his 
father's farm, but a number of years ago took 
up engineering, and in 1900, after serving a 
period as fireman, became stationary engineer 
at the high school building in Reynoldsville, 
where he has since been engaged. His trust- 
worthiness and intelligent attention to his 
duties have gained him the highest respect of 
the townspeople. Mr. Strouse is a Mason and 
an Odd Fellow, belonging to John M. Read 
Lodge, No. 536, F. & A. M., of which he is a 
past master, and to I. O. O. F. Lodge No. 824. 
He married Luella Foust, daughter of the late 
Dr. J. \Y. Foust. of Reynoldsville, and they 
have had two children : Hazel, who graduated 
from the Reynoldsville high school in 191 5 and 
is now the wife of Don Allen Graft, of Greens- 
burg, Pa.; and Howard C, a member of the 
class of 1917 at the Reynoldsville high school. 

EDWARD H. DARRAH was born in the 
State of Vermont, on the 2d of December, 
1826, a son of Robert and Lina (Mitchell) 
Darrah. His paternal grandfather, John 
Darrah, was born and reared in Scotland, but 
as a young man immigrated to America and 
established his home in Massachusetts, whence 
he went forth to do yeoman service as a pa- 
triot soldier in the war of the Revolution. 

Robert Darrah, the father of Edward H., 
became one of the early settlers of Jefferson 
county. Pa., where he established the family 
home in Pinecreek township, and engaged in 
lumbering operations for many years. Ed- 
ward H. Darrah was two years old when his 
parents removed to Tioga county, N. Y., where 
his father was engaged in lumbering for two 
years. Removal was then made to Carbondale, 
Luzerne Co., Pa., and in December, 1837, 
7 



Robert Darrah came with his family to Jeffer- 
son county and engaged in lumber operations 
on Sandy Lick creek, in Pinecreek township. 
In 1855 he became one of the pioneer lumber- 
men in Mecosta county, Mich., and there his 
death occurred Sept. 28, 1865, his wife sur- 
, viving him a number of years. 

Edward H. Darrah may consistently be 
said to have been a born lumberman, for his 
experience in connection with the lumbering 
industry began when he was a mere boy. As a 
youth of fourteen years he carried mail, on 
horseback, between Kittanning and Ridgway, 
Pa., and his trips through the forest wilds were 
attended by peril and hardship, several un- 
pleasant experiences having been his in en- 
countering bears, panthers and wolves while 
en route, and on one occasion his escape was 
made by a narrow margin. The gallant youth 
wore a man's overcoat and a coonskin cap to 
ward off the cold during his trips in the winter 
months. In 1848 he was employed as sawyer 
at Iowa Mills, and in 1850 purchased a third 
interest in the business. The mills were lo- 
cated on Sandy Lick creek, a little over five 
miles up from Brookville. In 1855 he dis- 
posed of his interest in this business and 
established his home at Brookville, where he 
formed a partnership with Joseph E. Hall and 
engaged in manufacturing square timber prod- 
ucts. This alliance continued eight years, and 
for three years thereafter Mr. Darrah con- 
ducted the enterprise in an individual way. 
He then became associated with William 
Dickey and the Moore Brothers in the opera- 
tion of a sawmill at Millstone, on the Clarion 
river, the firm controlling three thousand acres 
of choice timber land. Later, in company with 
his brother, William R. Darrah, and John 
Mills, he erected a sawmill near Corsica, Jef- 
ferson county, with a valuable timber preserve 
of three hundred acres. This enterprise made 
a most substantial and prosperous record. Mr. 
Darrah became interested, also, in sawmills 
and timber lands on Tionesta creek, in Forest 
county, this State, one operation being near 
Guitonville, and the other, a very large one, 
conducted under the name of Collins, Darrah 
& Co., at Nebraska. He held place as one of 
the prominent and influential representatives 
of the lumber industry in western Pennsyl- 
vania, and was a man whose sterling character 
won to him unequivocal popular esteem. He 
was one of the pioneer and influential mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church of 
Brookville, and to the same he, in association 
with Hon. Frank X. Kreitler, presented the 
fine bell that still calls the people to worship. 



98 



JEFFERSON COUNTY/ PENNSYLVANIA 



He united with the Republican party at the 
time of its organization, and was a public- 
spirited citizen as well as a distinctively suc- 
cessful man of affairs. Mr. Darrah was a 
resident of Brookville at the time of his 
death, which occurred April i, 1890, in the 
woods of Columbia county, Oregon, while he 
was examining some timber land, and where, 
being mistaken for a deer, he was accidentally 
shot and killed. In 1852 was solemnized his 
marriage to Hannah J. Clark, a sister of a 
business associate, the late Charles B. Clark. 
She was born in Bedford county, Pa., on the 
8th day of July, 1826, a daughter of Elijah 
Clark, and she passed to the life eternal on the 
31st of August, 1910. Of the children the 
only one surviving is Mrs. Corbet, wife of 
Judge Charles Corbet, whose sister Henrietta 
died when a young girl ; the other sister, Amy 
E., intermarried with Julius A. Brown, died 
in Los Angeles, Cal., in 1908. 

ROBERT HUMPHREYS, late of Brock- 
wayville, was for many years foremost among 
the active business men of Jefferson county, 
prominently associated with mercantile and 
banking interests. Possessed of vigorous in- 
tellect, executive ability and a gift for good 
management, he .infused a spirit of energy 
into the material affairs of every community 
in which he lived which was influential in 
promoting its industrial enterprises of all 
kinds, and which is still felt in his particular 
section of the county. The large mercantile 
business at Lane's Mills still carried on by 
his eldest son was the outgrowth principally 
of his live methods and ideas put into prac- 
tice, and continues to be one of the most 
important trading establishments in the county 
now as it was in his day. He lived here for 
about half a century. 

Mr. Humphreys was a native of the North 
of Ireland, born Oct. 12, 1840, in County 
Cavan, where his father, John Humphreys, 
lived and died. The latter was a well known 
school teacher. By his marriage to Mary 
Woods, of England, he had a family of eight 
children. The son Robert remained in Ire- 
land until thirteen years old, and while his 
father lived had excellent educational advan- 
tages, attending school and also studying at 
home under competent instruction. His par- 
ents having died, he wanted to join his sister, 
Mrs. Mary A. McLaughlin, who lived in New 
York City, and at the age of thirteen accom- 
panied two young ladies named Abbott who 
were voyaging to this country. He soon found 
employment in a store in New York as general 



helper, working for his board, and so con- 
tinued until he went up to Canada, in which 
country he spent a number of years. For 
some time he worked on farms in the Prov- 
ince of Ontario, receiving five dollars a month 
and board for hard labor, begun at four 
o'clock in the morning and continued through 
long days. In 1859 he came to Lane's Mills, 
Jefferson Co., Pa., spending his first night 
liere with the Groves family, on Grove Sum- 
mit. He entered the employ of N. B. Lane, 
in his mill, being paid one dollar a day and 
boarding himself. Returning to Ontario he 
again worked there for a time, coming back 
to Lane's Mills about 1866 and buying an 
interest in Lane's mills, from that time on 
devoting himself principally to lumbering for 
a considerable period. The firm was known 
as Lane & Humphreys. They cleared up all 
the available timber in this section, and mean- 
time also operated a store and farm. When 
they went out of the lumber business the 
partnership was dissolved, in 1898, but Mr. 
Humphreys remained in active business to 
the close of his life, during his later years 
being principally associated with banking. He 
was first connected with the First National 
Bank of Brockwayville as a stockholder, later 
as vice president of the institution, and from 
1913 until his death as president. In financial 
concerns his judgment proved no less astute 
than in the development of ordinary trade. 
He had farm property in Jefferson county. 
In citizenship also he measured up to the 
requirements of the best element. He did not 
care for public honors, and never sought office, ■ 
his only position of the kind being that of 
school director of Snyder township, which 
he filled for thirty years, taking a deep interest 
in school standards and the provisions for the 
training of the young. On political questions 
he was always a Republican. His death, which 
occurred July 21, 191 5, marked the passing 
of a notable figure in the upbuilding of mod- 
ern Brockwayville. 

While in Canada Mr. Humphreys was con- 
firmed in the Episcopal Church, but there 
being no church of that denomination at 
Brockwayville he attended the Methodist 
Episcopal Church here. 

On Oct. 15, 1868, Mr. Humphreys married 
Josephine Cavinor, who was born March 21, 
[840, near Brookville, Pa., and died July 17. 
1893. She was the mother of two children: 
Fred Arthur, born Sept. 13, 1870, merchant 
and postmaster at Lane's Mills, where he took 
the store at the time of his father's death ; 
and Eugene, born Sept. 16, 1873, wno died 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



99 



Dec. 30, 1873, On Dec. 17, 1894, Mr. Hum- 
phreys was married (second) to Charlotte 
Humphreys, and to this union also were born 
two children: John Robert, born Jan. 12, 
1896, who is now a student at the Kiskiminetas 
Springs School, Saltsburg, Pa. ; and Mary 
Charlotte, born Nov. 6, 1897, a graduate of 
Darlington Seminary, West Chester, Penn- 
sylvania. 

BROSIUS FAMILY. This sterling old 
Pennsylvania family was early represented in 
Jefferson county, and of 'its third generation 
here are Hiram H. and John M. Brosius, both 
prominent and influential citizens of Brook- 
ville. They are of the fourth generation in 
line of direct descent from John G. Brosius, 
who passed his life at Mahanoy, Northumber- 
land Co., Pa., and who belonged to a family 
which was founded in the Keystone State 
in the Colonial era of our national history, 
the original American progenitors coming 
from Holland. 

Michael Brosius, son of John G., was born 
and reared in Northumberland county, whence 
he came to Jefferson county in 1834. He 
settled on a pioneer farm in Beaver township, 
and on this old homestead is now situated the 
little village and post office of Ohl. He pur- 
chased two hundred acres of land, the greater 
portion of which w T as heavily timbered, and 
there reclaimed a productive farm from the 
semi-wilderness, in the meanwhile doing a 
considerable business in the way of lumber 
operations. In the early days fur-bearing 
animals were plentiful in this section of the 
State, and he was enabled to add materially 
to his income by his success as a trapper. He 
continued to reside on his old homestead until 
his death, which occurred when he was 
seventy-rive years of age, and his name merits 
enduring place on the roster of the sterling 
and honored pioneers of this favored section 
of Pennsylvania. The eldest of his children 
was a daughter, and she and her husband, 
whose name was Snyder, were residents of 
Jefferson county, Ohio, at the time of their 
deaths ; Daniel and Michael continued to re- 
side in Pennsylvania until they died ; Peter, 
the next in order of birth, was the father of 
Hiram H. and John M. Brosius, of Brook- 
ville ; Peter and Jacob became prosperous agri- 
culturists of this county ; Judith became the 
wife of Henry Sowers ; Catherine married 
William Himes ; and the youngest child, a 
daughter, became the wife of Benjamin 
Sowers. 

Peter Brosius was born in Northumberland 



county, Pa., in 1821, and thus was about thir- 
teen years of age at the time of the family 
removal to Jefferson county, in 1834. Here 
he was reared to maturity under the condi- 
tions and influences of what may be termed 
the middle pioneer era in the history of the 
county, and thus he soon gained fellowship 
with arduous work, the while he profited duly 
from the advantages afforded in the schools 
of the locality, the same having been of some- 
what primitive order. As a young man he 
purchased seventy-rive acres of land in Rose 
township, where he engaged with characteris- 
tic vigor in agricultural operations and lum- 
bering, and developed his land there into a 
productive farm. After residing in Rose 
township about fifteen years he acquired a 
farm of 160 acres in Clover township, where 
he continued his successful operations as an 
agriculturist and stock grower, and incident- 
ally in the lumber business, until the close of 
his long and useful life. He ordered his life 
on a high plane of personal integrity, was 
always true to his stewardship as a citizen, 
and commanded the unqualified esteem of all 
who knew him. Intelligent, energetic and 
progressive, he drew to himself the reward 
of independence and prosperity, and though 
he was never ambitious for political office he 
took a lively interest in local affairs and was 
influential in his community. He passed to 
eternal rest in the year 1896, when seventy- 
five years of age, and his widow survived 
nearly twenty years, her death having oc- 
curred in 191 5, when her remains were laid 
to rest beside those of her husband in the 
little cemetery at Ohl, this county. Her 
maiden name was Christianna Shoemaker, and 
she was born at Maytown, Lancaster county, 
this State, in 1824, a daughter of Frederick 
Shoemaker. Peter Brosius and his wife were 
zealous and consistent members of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, and were for many 
years influential in the work and support of 
the church of this denomination at Content, 
Clover township, this rural place of worship 
being situated on the road between Brookville 
and Summerville. 

Of the children of Peter and Christianna 
( Shoemaker) Brosius the eldest is Benjamin, 
who resides at Langville and is one of the 
representative farmers and lumbermen of that 
section of Jefferson county ; Christopher is a 
prosperous agriculturist in Beaver township ; 
David is a letired farmer and resides near 
Punxsutawney, this county ; Mary A. is the 
wife of Harrison J. Clyde, of Hallton, Elk 
county, this State ; Samuel R. is one of the 



100 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



substantial farmers of Rose township, Jeffer- 
son county ; Hiram H. is mentioned in later 
paragraphs ; Ellen is the wife of Ambrose 
Eisenman, of Brookville ; Eliza Jane is the 
wife of Joseph F. Jamison, of Clarion, Clarion 
county ; Lucy Emma is the wife of William 
E. Lehman, a farmer of Clover township, 
Jefferson county; Hurd C. was a resident of 
Jefferson county. Pa., at the time of his death, 
in 1898; James B. is a representative farmer 
near Content, Clover township; John M. is 
mentioned below. 

Hiram 11. Brosius, who is engaged in the 
practice of law at Brookville. as one of the 
leading members of the bar of Jefferson 
county, and who has recently represented his 
native county as a member of the lower house 
of the Pennsylvania Legislature, was born on 
the old homestead farm in Rose township, this 
county, Sept. 18, 1851. He was reared to 
adult age on the farm and also gained early- 
experience in connection with work in the 
lumber woods of the county. His ambition 
and alert mentality led him to profit most 
fully by the advantages afforded in the public 
schools and the discipline thus gained was 
effectively supplemented by a course in Belle- 
view, Corsica and Rimersburg academies, as 
well as by a higher course in the celebrated 
Oberlin College, at Oberlin, Ohio. From 1869 
to 1878 he was numbered among the success- 
ful public school teachers of his native county, 
and he then began reading law in the office 
and under the preceptorship of Hon. George 
A. Jenks and E. H. Clark, of Brookville. 
He pursued his studies with characteristic 
vigor and receptiveness and was admitted to 
the bar on the 5th of April, i88g. He then 
engaged in the individual practice of his pro- 
fession at Brookville, and it is interesting to 
record that he has from the beginning occu- 
pied the same office in which he initiated his 
professional novitiate. He has long controlled 
a large -and important law business, in which 
he has appeared in connection with some of 
the noteworthy litigation in the courts of this 
section of the State, and he is known as both 
a resourceful lawyer and a well fortified 
counselor. Mr. Brosius has been influential 
in Jefferson county politics as a stanch advo- 
cate of the principles and policies of the 
Republican party, and his strong hold upon 
popular confidence and esteem was shown by 
his election to the State Legislature, in which 
he has given most timely and broad-minded 
service in the furtherance of wise legislation, 
lie was first elected in 1912 and was re- 
elected in 1914, his second term as a member 



of the house of representatives expiring in 
December, 1916. He has shown a loyal inter- 
est in all that concerns the communal welfare, 
and has served as a member of the Brookville 
board of education, besides having been for 
four years a member of the borough council. 

In 1880 was solemnized the marriage of 
Hiram H. Brosius and Mary Graham, daugh- 
ter of Robert H. and Matilda (Gordon J 
Graham, the latter a sister of the late Judge 
Isaac G. Gordon, who served with distinction 
as chief justice of the Supreme court of Penn- 
sylvania. Mr. and Mrs. Brosius have one son, 
Lewis Gordon, who was graduated in 1905 
from Princeton University, and was admitted 
to the bar of Jefferson county in 19 10, since 
which time he has been associated with his 
father in practice as one of the representative 
younger members of the bar of this county. 

John M. Brosius was born on his father's 
farm in Clover township, this county, Jan. 8, 
1864, and he waxed strong in mind and body 
while assisting in the work of the farm and 
prosecuting his studies in the district schools. 
Later he attended Belleview Academy, and 
in this institution subsequently served as a 
successful and popular teacher, in which pro- 
fession he also did effective work at Summer- 
ville, this county. In 1885 he went to Illinois, 
and after teaching there in a country school 
during one winter entered Monmouth College, 
one of the excellent institutions of that State, 
• roni which he was graduated as a member 
of the class of 1888, receiving the degree of 
bachelor of arts. Afterwards, by post-gradu- 
ate study at the University of Chicago and at 
Johns Hopkins University, he received also 
the degree of master of arts. Thereafter he 
became principal, successively, of the public 
schools of Viola and Abingdon, 111., and San- 
born. Iowa. From the Hawkeye State he went 
to California, where he served two years as 
principal of the preparatory department of 
Xapa College. During the ensuing four years 
he was professor of mathematics at his alma 
mater, Monmouth College. 

In [903 Air. Brosius returned to his native 
county and established his residence in Brook- 
ville, where he assumed the position of book- 
keeper in the National Bank of Brookville. 
One year later he was advanced to the posi- 
tion of assistant cashier of the institution, and 
of this office he has since continued the efficient 
and popular incumbent. 

The unqualified popularity of Mr. Brosius 
in his native county sets at naught any possible 
application of the Scriptural aphorism that "a 
prophet is not without honor save in his own 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



101 



country," and he is known as one of the loyal 
and progressive citizens of Brookville. Both 
he and his wife hold membership in the Pres- 
byterian Church. Mr. Brosius is a past master 
of Hobah Lodge, Xo. 276, F. & A. M., and is 
actively affiliated also with Jefferson Chapter, 
No. 225, Royal Arch Masons. 

In 1898 Mr. Brosius wedded Cora M. 
Moody, who was born in Maine and belongs 
to one of the oldest and best known families 
of that State. She is a second cousin of the 
late Lillian Xorton (Xordica), and through 
the Xortons and Butlers traces her lineage to 
some of the most prominent and patriotic 
Revolutionary families. The only child of 
Mr. and Mrs. Brosius, Henry Merry, is a 
student in the public schools of Brookville. 

HUGH B. COOPER, of Brockwayville, has 
been engaged in the hardware business in that 
borough for thirty-five years, now being head 
of the firm of H. B. Cooper & Son, who have 
the leading hardware house there. It is one 
of the most successful mercantile establish- 
ments in all that section of Jefferson county. 
Mr. Cooper was one of the founders of this 
business, which throughout its existence has 
been conducted with a strict regard for high 
standards altogether compatible with his per- 
sonal character. By keeping faith with his 
patrons in all their dealings, and pursuing a 
progressive policy which gives them the best 
the market affords brought within convenient 
reach, he has kept a sure hold upon the local 
trade which is really nothing more than the 
appreciative recognition of his efforts to 
please. Its material benefits have meant in- 
creased prosperity in the general business 
situation in the borough as well as for himself. 
Recently he has become extensively interested 
in coal operations in this section and in Butler 
county, Pennsylvania. 

Mr. Cooper was born July 20, 1858, on the 
old homestead farm in Washington township, 
Jefferson county, son of Xinian Cooper and 
grandson of William and Martha ( Morris) 
Cooper. The grandparents settled with their 
family in Washington township in 1826, and 
cleared and improved a part of the farm 
afterwards owned by their son James Cooper. 
They lived and died on that property. They 
had six children : James, John, Hugh, William, 
Xinian and Eliza (wife of William Bond). 
James, the oldest, was born Feb. 13, 1818, in 
County Tyrone, Ireland, married Isabella I 'at- 
ton, and had a family of eight children: Wil- 
liam, Robert, Hugh, James S., Martha I.. 
Samuel, John and Elmer W. 



Xinian Cooper was born June 30, 1826, in 
that section of Jefferson county which has long 
been known as the Beechwoods, and was 
reared amid primitive surroundings, assisting 
in the work of clearing land in his boyhood. 
He lived to see a wilderness transformed into 
a. fertile agricultural district, and did his full 
share in the actual work of developing it, 
helping to improve the farms reclaimed from 
the forest, contributing his influence to the 
advancement of civilization and doing his part 
in establishing churches and schools and ma- 
terial conveniences in his neighborhood. He 
witnessed the introduction of railroads, the 
beginning of various industrial operations 
made possible by the rich resources of the 
region, and the numerous other changes of the 
most progressive century in the world's his- 
tory. Mr. Cooper continued to live in the 
Beechwoods, following the occupation of 
farming principally, until advancing age made 
it advisable for him to give up strenuous labor, 
when he retired and removed in 1876 to the 
borough of Reynoldsville, he and his wife 
residing there with their daughter, now Mrs. 
J. K. Johnston, until the death of Mrs. Cooper 
in 1894. He also spent considerable time with 
his other children, all of whom had settled in 
nearby communities, and enjoyed their affec- 
tionate companionship as well as the loving 
esteem of a wide circle of friends. He had a 
faculty for winning and holding the regard of 
all with whom he came in contact, and "at 
Reynoldsville at once became as popular and 
as much loved as he had been in the Beech- 
woods community. . . The world can 
ill afford to lose such noble characters as 
Xinian Cooper. He had a warm hand and a 
pleasant smile for all up until the last hours 
of his life, and he scattered enough sunshine 
into the lives of others and into the world in 
general to spread out over a long term of 
years and to keep his memory green in the 
minds of those who knew him." 

In April, 191 5, while attending court at 
Brookville, Mr. Cooper was taken ill, and was 
at once removed to his daughter's home at 
Reynoldsville, where he died July 16, IM15. 
from the infirmities due to his years, for he 
had reached the unusual age of eighty-nine. 
He was buried beside his wife in the Beech- 
woods cemetery, his funeral services being 
conducted by Rev. J. E. Miller, pastor of the 
First Presbyterian Church of Reynoldsville, 
and Rev. Charles Cribbs, pastor of the Beech- 
woods Presbyterian Church. A large gather- 
ing of relatives and friends from all over this 
part of the State testified to the high esteem 



102 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



in which Mr. Cooper was held. He was a 
regular attendant of the Presbyterian Church, 
and consistent in his life as he was in his 
faith. Politically he was a Democrat and one 
of the dependable workers of the party in his 
vicinity, and his public spirit and ability were 
recognized by his fellow citizens, who chose 
him frequently to fill local offices. 

On July 4, 1850, Mr. Cooper married Nancy 
Jane McConnell, the marriage ceremony being 
the first performed by Rev. John Wray (pas- 
tor of the Beechwoods Presbyterian Church 
for twenty-one years) after his arrival here. 
Mrs. Cooper died Aug. 10, 1894, twenty-one 
years before her husband, in her sixty-eighth 
year, having been born Oct. 15, 1826. Five 
children were born to their marriage, namely : 
W. W., who lives in the Beechwoods, on the 
home farm ; Martha, Airs. Hunter, also living 
there ; James Alexander, present postmaster 
at Brockwayville; Hugh B. ; and Sirs. J. K. 
Johnston, of Reynoldsville. Air. Cooper was 
survived by sixteen grandchildren and ten 
great-grandchildren. 

Ninian Cooper had a remarkable memory, 
which enabled him to perform a service to the 
community worth noting. He kept in his 
mind the location of the burial places of those 
lying in unmarked graves, covering a period 
of seventy-five years, and late in life, at the 
age of threescore and ten, put this knowledge 
into writing, making a valuable record. 

Hugh B. Cooper remained on the home 
place until he was eighteen years old, mean- 
time obtaining his education in the old-fash- 
ioned schools of the locality, where the in- 
struction was limited to the common branches. . 
Indeed, he has been principally self-educated, 
but experience and observation have helped 
him on his way, and he has relied mainly on 
persistent industry and honorable dealing to 
carry him forward. At the age of eighteen 
years he left home and found employment in 
a hardware store at Clarion, Pa., thus com- 
mencing his business life in the line which 
he has followed ever since. After remaining 
there for three years he spent one year at < >il 
City, Pa., and he has since been operating for 
himself. His first independent venture was 
made in company with Charles Seely, under 
the name of Seely & Cooper. At the end of 
one year he sold his interest to a brother of 
his partner, L. P. Seely, and came to Brock- 
wayville, this being in 1882, the year the grad- 
ing was done for the Buffalo, Rochester & 
Pittsburgh railroad. Forming a partnership 
with T. L. Bond, they started business under 
the firm name of Bond & Cooper in a corner 



of the building still occupied, and the associa- 
tion lasted until 1909, when Mr. Cooper bought 
Mr. Bond's share, the same year taking his 
son into the business, which has since been 
carried on by H. B. Cooper & Son. The 
quarters have been enlarged steadily, and the 
stock has become more and more comprehen- 
sive as the local demand has justified the in- 
crease, until the establishment is now one of 
the best equipped in all this part of Pennsyl- 
vania. The growth of the business shows 
what it is possible to accomplish by enter- 
prising methods and the exercise of good 
judgment. Instead of depending on distant 
markets, his customers have found that he 
can supply them with everything they need, 
and they are losing nothing by looking to him 
to keep them informed as to new products, 
up-to-date appliances, etc. Most of his at- 
tention has been given to the conduct of his 
hardware business, but he has taken an inter- 
est in the promotion of other enterprises, and 
is a director of the Citizens' National Bank 
of Reynoldsville. In the fall of 1916, in com- 
panv witih his son, Samuel McClellan Cooper, 
11. B. McCullough and Dr. W. C. Quinn, Mr. 
Cooper and others organized the Cooper Coal 
& Clay Company, whose plant is situated at 
Averyville, on the P., S. & N. railroad, near 
St. Marys, Elk county, where the company 
has taken over four hundred acres or more of 
productive coal lands now being successfully 
operated. Mr. Cooper is president of this 
company, and Mr. McCullough general man- 
ager. In the spring of IQ17 Hugh B. Cooper, 
associated with Air. McCullough and Dr. 
Quinn, purchased from the Bessemer Coal 
Company a solid block of coal lands at Hil- 
liards, Butler county, twelve hundred acres 
underlaid with a vein running four and a half 
to five feet in thickness, which it is estimated 
could be mined at the rate of a thousand tons 
daily for twenty-five years without exhaus- 
tion. This is one of the largest coal purchases 
made within the limits of Butler county. The 
company is known as the AlcCullough Coal 
Company. Dr. Quinn being president. Air. 
Cooper vice president, and ATr. AlcCullough 
manager. ■ 

Though he has served ten years on the bor- 
ough school board Air. Cooper is not anxious 
to participate directly in public affairs, and he 
votes independently, supporting whatever 
seems right, regardless of party. His religious 
connection is with the Presbyterian Church, 
which he served for years as trustee and 
treasurer. As an all-round good citizen, he 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



103 



has the favorable regard of the entire com- 
munity. 

Air. Cooper married Annie McClellan, 
daughter of the late James McClellan, of 
Brockport, Pa., a lumberman well known there 
in his day. They have had the following 
children : Samuel McClellan ; Helen and Ruth, 
twins, who are now attending Bucknell Col- 
lege ; and Harry Alvin, who graduated from 
the Brockwayville high school in 1916 and 
is now a student in Washington and Jefferson 
College. 

Samuel McClellan Cooper, eldest son of 
Hugh B. Cooper, was born in Brockwayville, 
Feb. 12, 1887, and was reared in that borough, 
where he received the principal part of his 
education in the public schools. After study- 
ing two years in the borough high school, 
under Professor Wilson, he entered the acad- 
emy at Bellefonte, Pa., where he also attended 
two years, after which he became a pupil at 
the Bryant & Stratton business school in Buf- 
falo, N. V., finishing his studies there in 1909. 
That year he became his father's partner in 
the hardware business, to which he gives all 
his time. He has various social and other 
connections in the borough, belonging to 
Cicero Lodge, I. O. O. F., of Brockwayville. 
and to the Presbyterian Church. In political 
sentiment he is a Republican. 

Mr. Cooper was married at Lock Haven, 
Pa., Nov. 3, 191 5, to Verna Shields, who was 
born April 26, 1891, at Penfield, Pa., daughter 
of Edward C. and Mary Shields. Her father 
is county superintendent of schools in Clear- 
field County, Pa. Mrs. Cooper is a graduate 
of the DuBois (Pa.) high school. 

JAMES ALEXANDER COOPER, pres- 
ent postmaster at Brockwayville, is a citizen 
of substantial worth and a representative 
member of the old Jefferson county family 
founded here by his grandfather, William 
Cooper, some ninety years ago. The earlier 
family history is given above, in the sketch of 
Hugh B. Cooper. 

Mr. Cooper was born Nov. 5, 1856, in the 
Beechwoods, Washington township, and was 
reared in the same locality, attending the Roy 
district school until he reached the age of 
eighteen years. One of his first teachers was 
Miss Abbie McCurdy. In his boyhood and 
youth he assisted his father with the work on 
the home farm, and when the father retired 
' and removed to Reynoldsville he left his sons 
W. W. and James A. in charge of the place, 
which they carried on in partnership for five 



years. After his marriage James A. Cooper 
located on the Keys farm in Washington 
township, which he operated for seven years, 
at the end of that time purchasing the 
old John Fox homestead in Warsaw town- 
ship. It was a tract of forty acres, and as 
he prospered in its cultivation Mr. Cooper 
added to it, buying fifty acres adjoining. He 
improved the whole property, erected new 
buildings, set out orchards, and made many 
other changes which added to its value, also 
carrying on the work of cultivation systemati- 
cally and efficiently. On that place he con- 
tinued to work and reside until Dec. 1, 19 13, 
when he removed to Brockwayville, living re- 
tired for a short period. But in May, 1914, 
he assumed his duties as postmaster, having 
been appointed under President Wilson, and 
has been filling the office faithfully since. He 
has been a lifelong Democrat, and has been 
working for the success of the party from 
youth. Like his father, Mr. Cooper has long 
been a member of the Presbyterian Church, 
and while connected with the church at Hazen 
held the office of deacon. 

Mr. Cooper was married Dec. 30, 1880, to 
Olive Jane Keys, of Washington township, 
this county, daughter of William M. and 
Mary Jane (Trvin) Keys, and they have two 
children : Alice, who is assisting her father 
in the post office as clerk; and Minnie, wife of 
\\ . J. Longwell, of Snyder township, this 
county, and mother of one child, Mary Olive. 

AUGUST BALDAUF, of Reynoldsville, 
as one of the dominating influences in indus- 
try and finance in this section affords a con- 
spicuous example of the traditional oppor- 
tunities which have attracted the ambitious to 
this country. He came here in 1884, hopeful 
of success and willing to work for it, and it 
has come to him in generous measure through 
the channel he wished it — his own well applied 
efforts. During his early experience in this 
region his operations brought him into contact 
with its most valuable natural resources, the 
coal deposits, and later he turned to coal oper- 
ating on his own account, in which he is still 
interested. Lumbering also claimed his atten- 
tion for a few years, and incidental to his main 
activities he has become associated with the 
People's National Bank of Reynoldsville and 
the Chamber of Commerce, both of which in- 
stitutions have been instrumental in injecting 
modern ideas into the conduct of local busi- 
ness. 

Air. Baldauf is a native of Austria, born in 
December, 1857. In that country he received 



104 



JEFFERSOX COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



his education and served an apprenticeship to 
the trade of bricklayer, which he followed as 
a contractor until he came to the the United 
States. Landing at New York in July, 1884, 
he did not stop there, continuing his journey 
to western Pennsylvania, where he first lo- 
cated at DuBois, Clearfield county. He at 
once began contracting, in brick and stone 
work. In 1885 he removed to Punxsutawney, 
where he took a contract to build coke ovens 
for the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh Com- 
pany, and his methods of construction proved 
so satisfactory that he was engaged by that 
concern in this line for a period of seven 
years, during which time he erected all the 
ovens at Walston, Big Soldier, Eleanora, 
Adrian and Helvetia. Besides, he put up the 
tipple at Big Soldier mines, engine seats, 
drifts, and did all the other kinds of stone and 
brick work necessary about the mines, mean- 
time acquiring experience of inestimable 
value. Following this Mr. Baldauf spent 
three years in British Columbia, where he took 
a contract with the Crownest Coal & Coke 
Company, for whom he built coke ovens and 
did other construction work in his line neces- 
sary to complete their equipment for profit- 
able development work. Returning thence to 
Jefferson county, Pa., he became.established 
at Reynoldsville, in which borough he has 
since resided. Here he became engaged in the 
coal business as an operator, also conducting 
coal properties at Summerville, this county, 
and in Clarion county for a number of years. 
In time he sold his Summerville and Clarion 
county interests, but in 1916 again entered the 
business at Summerville, now employing sev- 
eral men there, conducting what is known as 
the Runaway Run Coal & Coke Company. 
His holdings in the vicinity of Reynoldsville 
include several mines in Winslow township, 
the Trout Run, Nickel Plate, Strouse. Tip- 
perary and Big Elephant workings. For 
three years Mr. Baldauf carried on the lum- 
ber business in Winslow township, but he has 
dropped his association with that trade. 

When the People's National Bank of Rey- 
noldsville was organized in 1905 Mr. Baldauf 
was active in its formation and became one 
of the original board of directors, shortly 
afterwards, taking the vice presidency, which 
he has held continuously since. He has shown 
commendable spirit in his association with the 
progressive citizens who have striven to infuse 
new life into the various activities of the bor- 
ough, and to draw new enterprises hither, in 
the establishment of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, of which he was a charter member. 



Mr. Baldauf is broad-minded on all questions, 
ready with his support of good movements of 
any kind, and never withholding appreciation 
or encouragement from a cause which he con- 
siders worthy. His substantial character is 
sufficient to give backbone to anything of 
which he approves. 

Mr. Baldauf married Barbara Spurk, who 
was born in Germany, and they have a family 
of seven children: John, who is assistant 
cashier of the People's National Bank of Rey- 
noldsville ; Vincent, a student at Bucknell 
University, Lewisburg, Pa. ; Agnes ; Leonard ; 
Mary; Lawrence, and Claire. Mr. Baldauf 
and his family are members of the Roman 
Catholic Church. Socially he affiliates with 
the B. P. O. Elks. 

JUDGE JOHN THOMPSON, father of 
Mrs. Vasbinder, was born Feb. 3, 1823, near 
Jacksonville. Indiana Co., Pa., where his 
grandfather, John Thompson, familiarly 
known as "Drover John," settled on a farm 
about I7QO. coming from Franklin county, this 
State. His wife was Mary Cain, and they 
were the parents of seven children, three sons 
and four daughters, the sixth being William, 
father of the late Judge John Thompson. 

William Thompson was a pioneer settler of 
Rose township, Jefferson count}', coming hither 
from Jacksonville, Indiana county, in 1834, 
and becoming an influential and valued citizen 
of that section, where he developed a good 
farm. He continued his residence in that 
township until his death, which occurred at 
the age of eighty years, and the remains of 
himself and wife, whose maiden name was 
Susan Brady, were interred in the old ceme- 
tery at Baxter. Their children were Mrs. 
Jane Love. Mrs. Eliza Love, John, Ebenezer 
and Mrs. Susan Kelso. 

Judge John Thompson was a lad at the time 
when the family home was established in Rose 
township, Jefferson county, where he was 
reared to manhood. He became one of the 
prominent representatives of the lumber in- 
dustry in this section of the Keystone State, 
and was actively and extensively concerned 
with this branch of enterprise during practi- 
cally his entire business career. In 1858 he 
was elected a member of the board of county 
commissioners, and in 1880 he was elected 
associate judge of the County court, his serv- 
ices on this bench having been characterized 
bv wisdom and efficiency which secured him a 
lasting place in the popular esteem. He was 
tilling tin office at the time of his death, which 
occurred Dec. 4. 1884, when he was sixty-one 



ORK 

RARY 






JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



105 



years of age, on the family farm where he had 
made his home for fifty years. On Jan. n, 
1849, Judge Thompson married Jane McGary, 
daughter of Clement McGary, and she sur- 
vived him by a term of years. They became 
the parents of the following children: John 
lrvin, William Harvey, Mary Ann, John Cal- 
vin, David Fulton, Ebenezer Perry, Charles 
C, Thomas I., Winfield S., Ambrose A., 
James M. and Edison R. John lrvin, the first- 
born, died when nine months old, and of the 
other members of this large family five sons 
and one daughter are living at the time of this 
writing ( 1916). Judge Thompson and his 
wife were lifelong members of the United 
Presbyterian Church. 

DAVID F. THOMPSON, of Brookville, 
has of late years done considerable work in the 
line of public construction, not only in his home 
town and county but elsewhere in this part of 
Pennsylvania, where he is building up an envi- 
able name as a contractor. Mr. Thompson's 
early experience in the lumber business was a 
valuable preparation for his present industry, 
his thorough knowledge of materials being an 
advantage not possessed in such degree by 
many builders. The steady increase in his 
business makes it reasonable to predict that he 
will have a hand in much of the development 
of the county as shown in the public improve- 
ments undertaken here. 

Mr. Thompson was bcrn at Brookville, Sept. 
2, 1855, and belongs to a respected family of 
the vicinity, being a son of Judge John Thomp- 
son and grandson of William Thompson, one 
of the pioneer settlers of Rose township, where 
he developed a good farm and became an in- 
fluential and valued citizen. 

David F. Thompson acquired his education 
in the public schools of Brookville. In early 
boyhood he assisted with the work on his 
father's farm, and he soon began to follow 
lumbering with his father. After the latter's 
death he continued in that line on his own ac- 
count for almost thirty years, until he decided 
to give most of his time to contracting, in 191 o. 
Fie does teaming in connection, and has his 
headquarters at Brookville, though his opera- 
tions have taken him to various other localities. 
He did all the excavating for the County 
Home, built live miles of State road in Jeffer- 
son county, and has also done considerable 
street paving in Brookville, as well as at Clar- 
ion and New Bethlehem, in Clarion county. 
His reputation is widening year by year, and 
his work has gained in favor as its merits have 
come to be known through the test of time. 1 le 



is also interested to some extent in farming. 
Personally he enjoys a popularity well de- 
served, as his numerous friends in lefferson 
and adjoining counties will testify. 

Mr. Thompson married Florence Vasbinder, 
daughter of Joseph and Sarah ( Darr) Yas- 
binder, and they have reared a family of four 
children : Eva married Bert Forcythe, and 
died in January. 1916, leaving three children, 
William Howard. Charles Clifton and George 
Dowe ( she is buried in the Brookville ceme- 
tery) ; Jay is engaged in lumbering at Silver 
Lake. Wash. : Ruel lived in Brookville until 
his death, at the age of nineteen years; Joseph 
I). lives at home, assisting his father. The 
family are identified with the United Presby- 
terian Church. 

CURTIS k. VASBINDER, now living in 

retirement at Brookville. has long been counted 
among the prosperous residents of that 
borough, where he owns some very desirable 
property and has other interests. During his 
active years he was principally occupied in 
lumbering, in which line he was widely known 
as a successful operator. 

Mr. Yasbinder belongs to an old family of 
Jefferson county, being a member of the fourth 
generation here. Flis great-grandfather, Henry 
\ asbinder, a representative of a sterling old 
Colonial family of Pennsylvania, came to this 
region from the Tuscarora valley in 1801 or 
1802, being the second person to make a per- 
manent settlement within the present limit- of 
the county. He established his home in what 
is now Pinecreek township, where he bought a 
wooded tract of land and reclaimed a farm 
from the forest. He did well his part in ini- 
tiating the work of progress in the county, was 
influential in his community, and continued to 
reside on his old homestead until his death, 
which occurred in 1868. The children of this 
worthy pioneer were Andrew, Gabriel. Har- 
mon. Doty, Jackson. Peggy, Caroline, Nancy 
and Juliana. The remains of Henry Yas- 
binder and his wife were interred in the little 
pioneer graveyard near the Jones schoolhouse 
in Pinecreek township. 

Andrew Yasbinder, one of the sons of 
Henry Yasbinder, became a prosperous farmer 
and representative citizen of Rose township, 
this county, residing on his home farm there 
until his death, his mortal remains and those 
of his wife, whose family name was Clemens, 
being laid to rest in the old cemetery at Brook- 
ville. Among their children were Joseph, Oli- 
ver, Mrs. Isabella Green and Mrs. Nancy 
Woods. 



106 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Oliver \ asbinder, son of Andrew Yasbinder, 
was bora on the old homestead in Rose town- 
ship and was reared and educated in that part 
of Jefferson county, where he early gained his 
share of experience in agricultural industry, 
and where eventually he became the owner of 
a farm adjacent to the place upon which he was 
born. lie ordered his life earnestly and ef- 
fectively, was successful in his activities as a 
farmer, and commanded the high regard of all 
who knew him. He was but forty-five years 
of age at the time of his death, and his remains 
are interred in the old cemetery at Brookville, 
as are also those of his wife, whose maiden 
name was Jane Matson. She was born in 
Eldred township, a descendant of another of 
the respected pioneer families of Jefferson 
county, and died at the age of ninety-two years. 
Of their children, the eldest, Gilmore, is de- 
ceased; Princetta is the wife of William Mc- 
Aninch, of Brookville; Harvey died young, as 
did also Emma ; Curtis R. was next in the or- 
der of birth; Oliver became a substantial 
farmer of Rose township. 

Curtis R. Yasbinder was born on the old 
homestead farm of his father in Rose town- 
ship, Dec. 3, 1856, and found the period of his 
childhood and youth compassed by the interests 
of that place, lending his aid early to the work 
of cultivation, and meantime taking advantage 
of such educational opportunities as the time 
and locality afforded. After starting out on 
his own account he became interested in lum- 
bering, and when he had acquired the neces- 
sary experience and capital engaged in the 
development of valuable tracts of timber in 
both Pennsylvania and West Yirginia. He 
followed lumber manufacturing for about 
twenty years, withdrawing therefrom in 191 1. 
Since then he has done little active business, 
leading a leisurely life at Brookville. Mr. Yas- 
binder purchased his residence property, situ- 
ated at the corner of Alain and Barnett streets, 
from Lewis ( iordon, and he also owns other 
valuable realty in Hrookville. and is one of the 
principal stockholders of the Brookville Glass 
& File Company. 

While living in Rose township. Mr. Yas- 
binder served for a time as tax collector, and 
also held the office of assessor. Later he was 
tax collector for the borough of Brookville, 
and he represented his district in the State 
Legislature in the session of 1903-04. 

( hi Nov. 4, 1880. Mr. Yasbinder was united 
in marriage with Mary A. Thompson, who like- 
wise was born and reared in this county, 
daughter of the late Judge John Thompson. 
Malcom H, eldest of the children of Mr. and 



Mrs. Yasbinder, is a representative young busi- 
ness man of Brookville ; he married Tillie 
Thompson, and they have one child, Beatrice 
M. Laverta Dell, the second of the children, 
is the wife of Homer Kelso, of Brookville, and 
they have three children. Mary Harriet, Jose- 
phine Pearl and Curtis R. Mary Thompson, 
the youngest of the family, is the wife of 
Wayne Eberline, their home being at Brook- 
ville ; their only child is John Thompson. Mr. 
and Mrs. Yasbinder hold membership in the 
United Presbyterian Church. 

ROBERT W. DINSMORE, a resident of 
Punxsutawney for forty years, is widely 
known in this part of Pennsylvania, the sev- 
eral business connections of his active years 
having brought him into contact with many 
of the local inhabitants. Having met with sub- 
stantial success in his transactions while han- 
dling oil lands and oil wells, he was able to 
retire some years ago to enjoy the fruits of 
his operations, and has not resumed business 
since. He has chosen to live quietly, but his 
unqualified support of good movements when- 
ever occasion calls for an expression of opin- 
ion, and his upright conduct in all the social, 
domestic and business relations, show him to 
be a citizen worthy of the high regard in 
which he is universally held. 

Mr. Dinsmore is of Scotch descent, his 
grandparents coming to America late in the 
eighteenth century. His father, Robert Dins- 
more, was born in 1805. He was an early 
merchant in Huntingdon county, Pa., and sub- 
sequently came to western Pennsylvania and 
purchased a farm near Kittanning, Armstrong 
county, where he also had a store. There he 
resided during the remainder of his life, 
though he had valuable interests in Jefferson 
county as well, running and conducting a saw- 
mill on the Big Run stream, near Big Run. 
One year he shot eleven deer in this section. 
He died on his farm when sixty-five years old. 
By. his marriage to Mary Johnson, of Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., Mr. Dinsmore had the fol- 
lowing children: Marion J.; Robert \Y ; Ann 
E. ; Mary T- ,' Joseph ; Thomas J., and Dr. Win- 
field Scott, a physician at Sharpsburg, Pa. 
The son Thomas J. served in the Union army 
during the Civil war. and was wounded by a 
shot at New Hope Church, Ga., June 30, 181 13, 
where a seven days' battle was fought. 

Robert W. Dinsmore was born May 15, 
1839, at Petersburg, Huntingdon Co., Pa., and 
was reared upon the home farm in Armstrong 
county. When a youth of eighteen he began 
teaching school, and was so engaged for two 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



107 



terms, his educational advantages having been 
unusually good for the time. On Sept. II, 
1861, he enlisted for service in the Civil war, 
and became first sergeant of Company K, 78th 
Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, 
being subsequently promoted to first lieuten- 
ant of that company, Nov. 17, 1862. He 
served over three years, on active duty all the 
time until he received his honorable discharge, 
Nov. 14, 1864. Having a desire for some train- 
ing before he entered business life on his own 
account, he then took a commercial course in 
the Iron City College, at Pittsburgh, and upon 
its completion went to Franklin, Pa., where he 
engaged in the oil business. He spent the 
next ten years in that location, in June, 1875, 
removing to Punxsutawney and locating on 
the property in that borough which he has 
since occupied. Mr. Dinsmore assumed the 
duties of assistant and cashier in the old 
Mahoning Bank at Punxsutawney soon after 
his arrival here, and held the position credi- 
tably for a period of fifteen years, resigning 
to become deputy United States internal rev- 
enue collector during President Harrison's 
administration. He was assigned to the Ninth 
division, Twenty-third district, and filled the 
office for four years with satisfaction to all 
concerned. During the ten years following 
Mr. Dinsmore was occupied leasing and taking 
up lands in this section and drilling for oil, 
and as he was the original explorer it is only 
just that he should be accredited as initiating 
this now valuable industry hereabouts. 
Through his investigations the discovery of 
natural gas and coal in large quantities in the 
vicinity of Punxsutawney revealed new re- 
sources in the locality, stimulated by his in- 
vestments and development work, all of which 
was directly responsible for the construction 
of two lines of railroad to the county's 
metropolis, the Buffalo, Rochester & Pitts- 
burgh and the Pennsylvania Central. Since 
he gave up those interests Mr. Dinsmore has 
not had any active business connections, re- 
tiring to private life when he sold his holdings, 
which became very valuable under his careful,- 
judicious management. However, he has 
looked after his ten-acre tract of land at 
Punxsutawney, the place whereon he lives, 
farming and gardening. He is a member of 
the G. A. R. at Punxsutawney, having been 
commander of E. H. Little Post, and he is also 
a past officer of the Union Veteran Legion, 
and a member of Lodge No. 672, I. O. O. F. 

Mr. Dinsmore married Sarah Jane Heasley, 
daughter of John and Hannah Heasley. of 
Franklin, Pa., and they have reared a large 



family, namely : Jessie F. is the wife of 
Alfred C. Allison, of Punxsutawney; Harry 
W. is employed as an electrician in Punxsu- 
tawney ; Walter S. is a merchant in Punxsu- 
tawney ; Howard L., John U. and Arthur are 
in business at Patton, Pa. ; Clifford C. is a 
merchant at Indiana, Pa. ; Grace G. is the wife 
of Walter M. Frease, of Punxsutawney; C. 
Howe is a Baptist minister, now stationed at 
Barron, Wis.; Gertrude R. is a public school 
teacher in Punxsutawney. Mr. Dinsmore and 
all his family maintain active church connec- 
tions. From the time of casting his first presi- 
dential vote, given to Abraham Lincoln, he 
has never swerved in his allegiance to the Re- 
publican party. 

WILLIAM ROSS MORRISON, now liv- 
ing retired at Brockwayville, was until re- 
cently engaged in farming in the Beechwoods 
neighborhood in Washington township, where 
he owns the fine property known as '"Pine- 
hurst" which was his home for so many years. 
Mr. Morrison was a prominent resident of 
that section for over forty years, one of its 
most progressive agriculturists and equally 
enterprising in all the other activities of the 
community. Indeed, he is a representative 
member of his family, which has been known 
for sterling qualities during a long associa- 
tion with the history of this region, dating 
from the days of his grandfather, who be- 
longed to the sturdy pioneer stock for which 
the Beechwoods has become noted. The lat- 
ter, Robert Morrison, was a native of County 
Derry, Ireland, and spent his early life in that 
country, where he and his wife Dorothea were 
married. They had several children when 
they settled in Washington township, Jeffer- 
son Co., Pa., in 1832, on the farm later owned 
by Isaac and Robert F. Morrison, which they 
cleared with the assistance of their sons. 
Their children were : Susanna, William, Leti- 
tia, John, Rebecca, Isaac, Barbara and Joseph 
(born Oct. 28, 1826). 

Isaac Morrison, son of Robert and Doro- 
thea Morrison, was born in 1822 in County 
Derry, Ireland, and was a boy of ten or twelve 
years when he accompanied his parents to the 
Beechwoods. The family had landed at Phila- 
delphia, and came immediately to western 
Pennsylvania, locating on a tract of woodland 
near Allen's Mills which by their labors was 
converted into a farm. Governor Morrison, 
of Idaho, who is a member of this family, was 
born on this farm, which comprised eighty- 
eight acres of what has become very valuable 
land, and of which Isaac Morrison inherited 



108 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



part. However, at the time of his marriage 
he located on an adjoining property, whereon 
he made his home until his removal to Erook- 
ville in 1894. His son William R. Morrison 
having built him a residence at Pinehurst, he 
moved thither from Brookville. but lived to 
enjoy it little more than a year, his death 
occurring there in February, 1896. Isaac 
Morrison was a man of affairs and acknowl- 
edged executive ability, and was twice a can- 
didate for county treasurer on the Democratic 
ticket, once as the opponent of Scott McClel- 
land. He married Mary Ann Ross, a native 
of County Derry, Ireland, who came to this 
country with her parents, William and Mar- 
tha (Logue) Ross, the family settling first in 
Center county, Pa., and later in the Beech- 
woods. There Mr. and Airs. Ross died. Mrs. 
Morrison passed away at Pinehurst on her 
eightieth birthday. March 20, 1897, just a 
little more than a year after her husband's 
death. They were married Jan. 6, 1848. and 
were the parents of five children : William 
Ross ; Robert Wallace, who married Ruth 
Ross and located in Beaver township, this 
county, removing thence to the vicinity of 
Reynoldsville, later living retired in that bor- 
ough, and now occupying a small farm near 
by; Martha Jane, wife of R. Perry Johnson, 
of Warsaw township: Mary Ann, Mrs. R. S. 
Patton. of Beechwoods ; and Isaac Newton, 
who married Florence Stephenson and lives 
at Ridgway, Pennsylvania. 

William Ross Morrison was born July 5, 
1849, on the home farm in Washington town- 
ship, where he grew to manhood. A mile and 
a half away stood the little old schoolhouse 
known as the Dennison school, where he was 
first taught by Abbie McCurdy (now de- 
ceased), and he attende'd there up to the age 
of eighteen years, his last teacher being Wil- 
liam Millen. Out of school hours he assisted 
with the chores from early boyhood, and later 
did his share of the heavier work, finding 
plenty to occupy him during vacation periods. 
He was but thirteen years old when he began 
to handle the plow, and was well prepared to 
begin farming on his own account when he 
undertook to buy and manage a farm for him- 
self, at the time of his marriage. This place, 
known as Pinehurst, is a tract of 140 acres at 
Beechton, forty of which were cleared when 
he settled there — that is, the trees had been 
cut, though the pine stumps were still stand- 
ing, the earth between being cultivated as 
much as possible. Mr. Morrison got a stump 
puller and did the most arduous part of the 
clearing, on the forty acres which had been 



started and on sixty more, developing his 
hundred acres of arable land on modern lines, 
setting out orchards, and making costly im- 
provements in the way of buildings. In 1876 
he built the ten-room residence which now 
stands there, and he remodeled the barn 
(which is 60 by 60 feet in dimensions) ; the 
horse barn ( which latter is 32 by 40 feet in 
dimensions ) he- built anew, besides construct- 
ing a good silo, the property being trans- 
formed completely under his direction. It is 
underlaid with coal, and at this writing the 
mines are being developed, the operations 
being conducted under the management of the 
Morrison Coal Company, whose members are 
\\ illiam Ross Morrison and his three sons, 
Francis R., Alvin N. and Elmer B. Morrison. 
Veins already discovered measure five and a 
half feet in thickness. Mr. Morrison has also 
reserved the coal rights on ninety acres in 
Snyder township, which property he formerly 
owned, but now in the possession of his son 
Alvin. He has also retained the mineral 
rights on the lands now owned by John Pifer 
& Son, which he previously owned. He has a 
third interest in each of two ten-acre tracts 
which he owns jointly with his brothers Robert 
W. and Isaac Newton Morrison, one lying 
within the borough limits of Punxsutawney, 
adjacent to the iron works, the other in Wash- 
ington township and now under lease for min- 
eral and oil development. 

Mr. .Morrison had his home and work at 
Pinehurst until he removed to Brockwayville 
in the fall of 1916, to enjoy his leisure thor- 
oughly. Local enterprises always had his 
cooperation, and he was formerly manager 
for ten years of the Rockdale Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company, whose success was 
largely due to his efficient labors. He has 
served his township in public offices, includ- 
ing that of school director, and has proved 
worthy of every trust. I lis political support 
has always been given to the Democratic 
partw In 1872 Mr. Morrison joined the 
Beechwoods Presbyterian Church, in whose 
membership he was always active, helping to 
build the present house of worship and for 
twentv years filling the office of deacon, a 
service in which he found the greatest 
pleasure. 

On Feb. 5, 1874, Mr. Morrison married 
Susanna J. Ross, one of his former school- 
mates at the Dennison school, who was born 
in the Beechwoods April 30. 1854, and is a 
sister of J. S. Ross, of Sugar Hill, mentioned 
elsewhere. She. too, was a zealous member 
of the Beechwoods Presbyterian Church and 






JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



109 



one of its devoted workers, for years a mem- 
ber of the choir. Her death occurred March 
10, 1904, on the farm, and she is buried in the 
Beechwoods cemetery. Of the three children 
borji to this marriage, Francis R. is now oper- 
ating the home farm; he married Eliza Bren- 
holtz, of the Beechwoods, and they have two 
sons, George Calhoun and William Carlisle. 
Alvin Newton, who lives in the Sugar Hill 
district, married Maud Pfeiffer, and they have 
live children, William John, Herman, Hazel 
May, Karl and Frances Burton. Elmer Bur- 
ton, now living at Brookville, married Clara 
Stahlman, of Ringgold township, and has one 
son, William Earl. 

For his second wife Mr. Morrison married, 
Dec. 2, 1908, Margaret Ross, daughter of 
Oliver and Eliza (Ross) Ross, who died in 
the Beechwoods, to which district they had 
removed when she was eight years old. She 
was born June 1, 1847, in Center county, Pa., 
and after coming to Jefferson county attended 
the Dennison school under Abbie McCurdy, 
Martha Dennison and other teachers, later 
going to high school at Glade Run and Corsica. 
For ten or twelve years she was engaged in 
teaching, beginning in the Beechwoods, and 
afterwards following the profession at other 
places. Her parents had a family of seven 
children, her brothers and sisters being as fol- 
lows : Mary Jane, unmarried, now in Cali- 
fornia ; James H., deceased; William, a resi- 
dent of DuBois, Pa. ; Martha, who married 
Thornton Strang, both deceased ; Nancy, Mrs. 
K. C. Johnson, of Brockwayville ; and Joseph, 
who married Mary Webster and lives on the 
old home farm in the Beechwoods. 

ABRAM R. BRADEX has from young 
manhood been interested in lumbering opera- 
tions on the Clarion river on the line between 
Jefferson and Forest counties, his various 
activities centering about Clarington. which is 
on the Forest county side of the river. In 
that neighborhood also he has made extensive 
investments in gas producing properties, and 
he has operated profitably in oil, carried on a 
general mercantile business, and had other 
associations with the development of the in- 
dustrial resources of the region, in whose 
progress he has aided materially. 

Mr. Braden is a son of Jacob and Lavinia 
1 Bashline) Braden, the former a native of 
Crawford county, Pa., born in 179"; the 
mother was brought up in Clarion county, this 
State, near the old Polk Furnace. They were 
married in Forest county, and lived and died 
on the farm in that county which he cut out 



of the wilderness. During the early part of 
his residence there he engaged in lumbering, 
until he had his land cleared of the heavy 
timber. He was a Methodist, and a noted 
church worker in his time, laboring zealously 
to do his part in bringing the gospel to the 
inhabitants of his section. He died in 1873, 
aged seventy-six years, and his wife passed 
away one year later. Of the seven children 
born to 'them six survive: William Wesley is 
the only one in Jefferson county ; two live in 
Forest county, one in Clarion county, and two 
in 1 'ittsburgh. 

Abram R. Braden was born in Forest 
county, near Cooksburg, Nov. 18, 1855, and 
spent his boyhood at home, remaining with 
his parents until twenty years old. He had 
such educational advantages as the immediate 
locality afforded, and began to help with the 
home work at an early age, being only ten or 
eleven when he was set to driving the oxen, 
horses or mules, and he worked in the fields 
before he was able to handle the harrow. 
When twenty years old he entered the employ 
of John Baxter, who was lumbering one mile 
above Cooksburg, and received sixty cents a 
day for rolling logs. In three weeks' time his 
wages were raised to eighty cents a day, which 
was as much as the best men were paid at that 
time, and later he was advanced to a dollar a 
day. He continued in Mr. Baxter's employ 
for four years, during which he helped to 
build a dam, and he worked in the water even 
in the cold weather and snow. Subsequently 
he was associated with Mr. Baxter as partner 
in other operations, and after they had been 
together four years he bought Mr. Baxter's 
steam mill and moved it to Clarington, just 
below the bridge on the Jefferson county side 
of the river. Two years later he moved across 
the river into Forest county and operated the 
mill there for five years, not only cutting lum- 
ber, but also dealing in it and building boats, 
which were loaded with lumber and taken 
down to Pittsburgh, where the boats would 
lie sold for transporting coal. Besides, he 
would sometimes buy lumber and square tim- 
ber and run rafts down the river. Mr. J. B. 
Pearsall, in his time a well known man in this 
section, offered to aid him with cash whenever 
necessary, as he owned a store and was anx- 
ious to have the mill employ as many hands as 
possible. Thus Mr. Braden was often able to 
buy rafts from strangers on Mr. Pearsall's 
recommendation, and a couple of times the 
latter even advanced the money required to 
transact business. Mr. Braden had one heavy 
loss caused by the failure of a man to whom 



110 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



he had sold boats in Pittsburgh. During one 
panic he was given accommodation at the 
Henderson bank in Brookville, and in the 
course of a few months was able to pay off 
all his indebtedness. Indeed, though he has 
often had to struggle to come out successfully, 
he has had the comfort and assistance of true 
friends during all his career. On one occa- 
sion, when he had an opportunity to buy some 
standing timber at W'yncoope, he had only one 
thousand dollars cash to invest, and had to go 
in debt for twenty-two thousand. But he lost 
no time in commencing to cut off the lumber, 
and when he sold the tract got what he had 
paid for it, after having cleared eighteen thou- 
sand dollars on the timber. This gave him a 
fine start, and, what was more important, the 
confidence to handle big deals. Then, in com- 
pany with Jim O'Hara, he paid seven thou- 
sand dollars cash for a stand of timber which 
they cut the same winter, Dave Thompson, of 
Brookville, taking the job of putting it into 
the river and running it to Pittsburgh. Mr. 
Braden's profits in that spring were fifteen 
hundred dollars. He next entered into an 
equal partnership with Air. Thompson on a 
job which netted him twenty-two hundred dol- 
lars, at its completion buying out his partner 
and continuing the work alone, lumbering and 
sawing on the Clarion three miles below Clar- 
ington. Frequently he would buy timber 
tracts and sell the land after it had been cut 
over, being in partnership with Air. (J'FIara 
in several such deals. Meantime he built 
many boats which were sent down the river 
loaded and sold after the cargo was dis- 
posed of. 

In 1908 Mr. Braden was actively associated 
with the establishment of the Greenwood Gas 
Company, he and his nephew, Leo Braden, 
leasing twelve hundred or fifteen hundred 
acres in the vicinity of the Greenwood Church. 
in Forest county. Leo Braden had been the 
prime mover in this enterprise. He found he 
could secure leases if his uncle was willing to 
back him, and the latter acquired a substantial 
interest, upon which he realized during his 
connection with the company and when they 
sold out for seventy thousand dollars. After 
a good well had been drilled and it was easy 
to sell stock the production was steadily in- 
creased by the drilling of more wells, until 
the company had twenty-one in operation. 
Meantime, the business had been incorporated 
for thirty-two thousand dollars. After sever- 
ing his connection with the Greenwood Com- 
pany Mr. Braden took stock in another com- 
pany which had been started. The first well 



they sunk proved dry, and some of the stock- 
holders dropped out, but others were drilled 
until the production commenced, and then the 
concern was incorporated as the Braden Oil 
& Gas Company, which opened several pro- 
ductive wells before Mr. Braden sold his in- 
terest, for which he received seven thousand 
dollars. Subsequently he started the Barlett- 
Braden Oil & Gas Company, which now has 
four producing wells, and he also holds stock 
in another similar company. Mr. Braden's 
operations have been successful, but his ear- 
lier experiences in this line were rather dis- 
couraging, he having helped to drill sixteen 
wells before striking one good one. For sev- 
eral years Mr. Braden was interested in a 
general store at Clarington, and he stdi owns 
a little sawmill there. Clarington lies twelve, 
miles north of Brookville, Jefferson county. 
He has stock in a Trust Company at Warren, 
Pa., and in fact has encouraged all the enter- 
prises necessary to bring i proper facilities for 
conducting business in his part of Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Mr. Braden has not had any political or 
official ambitions, but he is a public-spirited 
citizen and a good judge of lumber, and when 
the school board of his district, having con- 
tracted recently for a new schoolhouse, bought 
some lumber from an old school building for 
use in the construction of the new one, he 
secured an injunction against its use. This 
action was taken in the interest of about two 
hundred taxpayers of the same mind as him- 
self. The District court issued an injunction 
against the school board, and appointed Mr. 
Braden inspector of material, and in that 
capacity he has rejected all unfit material 
offered, much to the satisfaction of his fellow 
citizens generally. 

In 1885 .Mr. Braden married Jennette But- 
terfield, daughter of the late Oran Butterfield. 
She was born in the old brick house on the hill, 
one mile south of Clarington, which was built 
over half a century ago and was the home of 
her parents for many years. Mr. and Mrs. 
Braden have no children, but they reared 
Alexander Caughey from the time he was 
eleven years old. Mr. Braden had brought 
him from Allegheny for a visit, and he looked 
more like a child of eight, being small sized. 
He became attached to the Bradens, and the 
next spring came to live with them perma- 
nently, making his home with them until his 
death, in 1913, when he was thirty-four years 
old. He was unmarried. He was a man of 
thoroughly domestic tastes and excellent hab- 
its, and was well liked in Clarington. 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



111 



ORAN BUTTERFIELD was one of the 
most popular men in Jefferson county in his 
day, particularly well known in the northern 
end of the county, where he resided for some 
forty-five years. He was horn in Jefferson 
county, N. Y. Albert Adams, his half- 
brother, was closely related to President John 
O. Adams. 

In 1847 Oran Butterfield, then a young mar- 
ried man, came to Jefferson county, Pa., 
returning after a short stay to his native 
State, and making a permanent settlement 
here the following year. He then purchased 
150 acres of land, and in connection with its 
improvement and cultivation carried on lum- 
bering, lie prospered, and added to his first 
purchase from time to time until he owned 
six hundred acres. He cleared some two hun- 
dred acres, and had other extensive interests, 
for many years engaging in merchandising, 
and also dealing in stock and raising it. He 
made a specialty of oxen, in the springtime 
buying animals which had been used in the 
lumber camps all winter, letting them run in 
the woods during the summer season, and 
then reselling them in the fall to lumbermen, 
about doubling his money. He also bought 
horses, sheep and other stock. He would buy 
timber, and hold it until it was worth his while 
to sell. In 1854 he replaced the first frame 
house on his home farm with a large brick 
residence, in which he lived and for many 
years conducted a hotel, "Butterfield's Tav- 
ern" being known far and near as a favorite 
resort with the people of the locality, who held 
dances and other parties there. Mr. Butter- 
field lived to the advanced age of eighty- 
seven years, dying Aug. 2, 1893. His latter 
years were spent in retirement at Merionville. 
Mr. Butterfield was a leader in the Democratic 
part}-, and was not only influential in public 
affairs but also as adviser to many who knew 
him personally and respected his opinion. 
For thirty years he filled the office of justice 
of the peace, and during that time always 
attempted to settle disputes without trial 
whenever possible. He was called upon to 
perform many marriage ceremonies. At one 
time he was an independent candidate for 
associate judge, but was defeated, though well 
supported in his home district. 

Mr. Butterfield was twice married, his first 
wife, Nancy J. (Reed), dying in Jefferson 
county, Pa., the mother of five children : Mrs. 
Louisa Daniels, Mrs. Ann Rust, Mrs. Malinda 
Agnew, Charles ( a farmer in Clarion county, 
Pa.) and Albert (deceased). About 1857, in 
Allegany county, N. Y., Mr. Butterfield mar- 



ried (second) Elizabeth Spencer, a native of 
that county, daughter of Daniel Spencer, who 
was of Scotch-Irish extraction. Mr. Spencer 
passed all his life in New York State. Airs. 
Butterfield in her younger days had the repu- 
tation of being the handsomest woman in Jef- 
ferson county. To this marriage were born 
three children: Jennette, Mrs. A. R. Braden; 
Mary, widow of A. J. Wallace, .who was 
drowned in the Big Horn river in Montana ; 
and Oran D., who died in 1908, after spending 
all his life on the old Butterfield farm. 

ENOCH C. BUFFINGTON has figured in 
the business circles of Brookville for twenty 
years in his connection with hotel interests, 
having for a dozen years owned and operated 
the "Long View Hotel," at Brookville. The 
establishment under his wise direction held up 
to high standards, accounting for its popu- 
larity with regular as well as occasional 
guests. Mr. Buffington now owns and man- 
ages valuable coal lands in Jefferson county. 
Personally he is properly included with the 
responsible class of the community, for he 
belongs to a family whose members have been 
looked up to as the exponents of good citizen- 
ship as far back as the records carry us. 

The Buffingtons are an old family, dating 
their coming to Pennsylvania back to the 
Provincial days, and three generations have 
been represented among the niost creditable 
members of the bar in this section — in Arm- 
strong county. The early members of the 
family in this country belonged to the Society 
of Friends. They left England several years 
before Penn's arrival in America, and in 1677, 
five years before that event, we find a Rich- 
ard Buffington among the taxables at Upland, 
Chester Co., Pa. This Richard Buffington 
was born at Great Marie, upon the Thames, 
in Buckinghamshire, England, about 1654. 
He was the father of the first child of English 
descent born in the Province of Pennsylvania. 
From Hazard's Annals, page 468, as well as 
from the Pennsylvania Gazette, June 28 to 
July 5, 1739, we learn that "on the 30th of 
May past" the children, grandchildren and 
great-grandchildren of Richard Buffington, 
Sr., to the number of 115, met at his home in 
Chester county, as also his nine sons- and 
daughters-in-law, and twelve great-grandchil- 
dren-in-law. The old man was said to be aged 
about eighty-five. 

Thomas Buffington, second son of Richard 
Buffington mentioned above, was born about 
1680. and died in December, 1739. He mar- 
ried Ruth Cope, and left among other children 



112 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



a son William, who according to Rupp's his- 
tory of Lancaster county, Pa. (page 112), was 
first married to Lena Ferree. By his second 
wife Alice (whose maiden name is unknown), 
he had a son Jonathan. 

Jonathan Buffington, son of William and 
Alice, was born in 1736, and died Oct. 18. 
1 80 1. He owned and operated a flour mill at 
North Br.ook, near the site of the battle of 
Brandywine, and at the time of that battle 
(September. 1777) the British troops took 
possession of the mill and compelled the non- 
combatant Friend to furnish food for them. 
He married Ann Clayton, who was born in 
1739, daughter of Edward and Ann Clayton, 
and died June 16, 181 1. 

Ephraim Buffington, third child of Jona- 
than and Ann (Clayton), was born March 23, 
1767, and died Dec. 30, 1832. He kept a hotel 
at Westchester, Pa., well known in its day as 
the "White Hall" tavern. Leaving Chester 
county about 1813, he moved west over the 
mountains,- settling at Pine Creek, on the Alle- 
gheny river, about five miles above Pittsburgh. 
On March 4. 1790, he had married Rebecca 
Francis, at the old Swedes Church at Wil- 
mington, Del. Among their sons w^ere John 
and Joseph. John, born about 1799, died 
March 31, 1832, married Hannah Allison, and 
their son Ephraim was the father of Orr 
Puffington, now one of the leading members 
of the Armstrong county bar, and of Judge 
Joseph Buffington, now a judge of the United 
States Circuit court at Pittsburgh. Joseph, 
the other son of Ephraim and Rebecca ( Fran- 
cis), was born Nov. 27, 1803, became promi- 
nent in the law, member of Congress, presi- 
dent judge of the Eighteenth Judicial district 
of Pennsylvania, composed of Clarion, Elk, 
Jefferson and Venango counties, was ap- 
pointed chief justice of the Territory of Utah 
by President Fillmore, but declined ; and from 
1856 until shortlv before his death was judge 
of the Tenth district of Pennsylvania, resign- 
ing in 1871 and dying Feb. 3, 1872. 

From this stock came Enoch Buffington, 
grandfather of Enoch C. Buffington. He was 
a native of eastern Pennsylvania, born in the 
Lykens Valley, in Dauphin county, and when 
a young man came out to western Pennsylva- 
nia, settling in the woods at what is now New 
Salem, in Redbank township, Armstrong 
ci unity. It was in the pioneer days of that 
region, and he purchased a tract of land and 
set about the work of clearing it, making a 
comfortable home in spite of the unpromising 
conditions and spending the rest of his life 
there. He died at the age of seventy-six years, 



and is buried in the United Evangelical grave- 
yard at New Salem. To his marriage with 
Lydia Troutman were born the following chil- 
dren : Jacob, who is now living with his eldest 
son, Harvey, at Washington, Pa. ; William, 
who lived and died in Redbank township, and 
who served as commissioner of Armstrong 
county ; Isaac, father of Enoch C. Buffington ; 
Levi, living near Hawthorn, in Redbank town- 
ship ; John, whose home is at Lima, Oltio; 
Reuben, living in Jefferson county ; Susan, 
deceased, who was the wife of Peter Aulen- 
baugh ; and Mary, who is married to Lewis 
Shaffer and lives in Michigan. 

Isaac Buffington was born in 1840 in Red- 
bank township, Armstrong Co., Pa., and now 
resides near Timblin, in Ringgold township, 
Jefferson county, still engaged at his trade of 
carpenter and also in farming. He was reared 
in his native county, where he followed car- 
pentry and agriculture, and after his removal 
to Brookville devoted his time to the former 
pursuit for a period of fourteen years, then 
locating in Ringgold township, where he has 
since continued to live, well known as a man 
nf substantial character and intelligence and 
highly tegarded by his neighbors and other 
friends. He is a director of the Farmers' 
Telephone line in his township. Mr. Buffing- 
ton married Sarah ( Sadie) Herring, who was 
born in 1841 in Redbank township, Armstrong 
county, daughter of George Herring, and they 
arc the parents of eight children, viz. : George 
I)., born in 1861, was a prominent hotel man 
in Brookville for a number of years prior to 
his death ; William G., who resides at Brook- 
ville, is the present register and recorder of 
Jefferson county; Enoch C. is next in the 
order of birth ; Elmer E. is deceased ; Alexan- 
der is a dentist in practice at Akron, Ohio ; 
Rebecca is married to William Witherow and 
living at Brookville; Annie M. is married to 
Amos Mitchell and living in Rose township, 
Jefferson country ; Hattie lives at home with 
her parents. 

„ Enoch C. Buffington was born in 1866 in 
Redbank township, Armstrong Co., Pa., and 
had average advantages for education and 
training preparatory to the practical work of 
life. In boyhood he began to work in the 
lumber woods, and he early displayed execu- 
tive ability and self-reliance, being only a 
young man when he was intrusted with the 
management of the John Burgoon coal mine 
near Brookville. When he entered the hotel 
business it was in the employ of his brother 
George D. Buffington, who for some yearS 
was associated with the operation of the 



3RK 
I 




^.;Jf-1>, /<£/^Sk^ ^.) 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



113 



"American House" and "Long View Hotel" 
at Brookville, and he remained with him for 
eight years. Then, in 1904, he purchased the 
"Long View Hotel" from Randolph McFar- 
land, and conducted it on his own account, 
remodeling it to conform to modern ideas of 
comfort and convenience, with up-to-date 
management in every particular, for Mr. Buf- 
fington was wide-awake and energetic about 
putting into practice the theories he evolved 
on competent hotel management during his 
long experience. They met with popular ap- 
proval, if that may be judged by the volume 
of business. The hotel is now closed. In asso- 
ciation with his sister-in-law, Mrs. George D. 
Buffington, Mr. Buffington .has 320 acres of 
valuable coal land in Ringgold township, now 
being profitably worked. Though primarily a 
business man, he enjoys politics and maintains 
a steady interest in the activities of the Repub- 
lican party, in whose circles he is very well 
known. For three years he served as consta- 
ble of Rose township. His social connections 
are with the B. P. O. Elks lodge at Reynolds- 
ville, No. 519, with the Knights of Pythias and 
the Loyal Order of Moose. 

Mr. Buffington married Annie M. Withe- 
row, daughter of Samuel and Hannah 
(Fisher) Witherow, of Rose township, Jef- 
ferson county, and they have a family of four 
children : Lina M. is the wife of Thomas 
(ilenn, and they reside at Corsica. Pa.; Price 
F. is engaged in the automobile business at 
Brookville. and resides at home (he is a mem- 
ber of Lodge No. 519, B. P. O. Elks, at Rey- 
noldsville) ; Lester C. is a well known ball 
player, now a member of the Olean (X. Y. ) 
team; Ruth is at home. 

ASAPH MILTON CLARKE. M. D., for 
nearly half a century a resident of Brockway- 
ville. Jefferson county, was identified with the 
northern part of the county for more than 
sixty years and active in the practice of his 
profession to the day of his death, though he 
lived to be over seventy-five years of age. Dr. 
Clarke was born in the town of Granby. Hart- 
ford Co., Conn.. March 22, 1S08. His par- 
ents, Philetus and Penelope (Godard) Clarke, 
were among the first to penetrate into the Little 
Toby wilderness, and, with those who were 
associated with them in the reclaiming of those 
untrodden wilds, have been noticed in the ear- 
lier pages of this work. The father, born 
Oct. 9, 1782, son of Joel and Chloe (Reed) 
Clarke, died Jan. 12, 1852. The mother, bom 
Dec. 6, 1787, was a daughter of Tilley and 
Adah (Holcomb) Godard. Thev were mar- 



ried Feb. 20, 1806. Both were of old New 
England ancestry, descended from early set- 
tlers in Massachusetts and Connecticut, under 
Governor Winthrop, though it is not known 
exactly when the first emigrants from Eng- 
land came to these shores. The Clarkes were 
of English origin, the Godards German. The 
name Godard, also written Goddard and Gos- 
sard, means "goose herder." The letter "e" 
terminating a name signified that the possessor 
could read and write the ancient languages. 

The Doctor's forebears, paternal and ma- 
ternal, were remarkable for longevity. His 
great-grandparents, John and Molly (Hill- 
yard) Godard,- died at the ages of ninety-six 
and ninety-seven years, respectively; Ephraim 
and Dorcas (Hays) Holcomb, parents of Mrs. 
Adah ( Holcomb 1 Godard, died aged eighty- 
four and sixty-five years, respectively; while 
their daughter Adah attained the wonderful 
age of one hundred and two years. Her hus- 
band, Tilley Godard, born in Massachusetts 
(a patriot soldier in the Revolution), died aged 
ninety years. All the Doctor's ancestors of the 
Revolutionary period took part in the war. 

Joel Clarke was born in Massachusetts, and 
was a patriot soldier in the Revolutionary war. 
He died Nov. 6, 1844, and his wife, Chloe 
(Reed), passed away Feb. 25, 1849. They 
were the parents of three sons and one daugh- 
ter, Elihue, Joel. Jr., Philetus and Chloe, and 
the entire family moved to Jefferson county. 
Pa., in 1819, from Russell, St. Lawrence Co., 
N. Y., whither they had removed from Con- 
necticut. Elihue Clarke married Elizabeth 
Fllinger March 4, 1830; Joel Clarke, Jr., mar- 
ried Mary Monahan ; Philetus Clarke married 
Penelope Godard ; Chloe Clarke married Mil- 
ton Johnston. 

The reader is referred to Chapter XXVIII, 
Snyder Township, for Dr. Clarke's account of 
the family's settlement in Jefferson county. 
In 1828 Philetus Clarke was appointed post- 
master at Helen. He died in Brockwayville 
in 1852, and his wife died in 1878, aged ninety- 
one years. Philetus and Penelope (Godard) 
Clarke had four children, namely : Asaph 
Milton, Sylvia G., Ada and Marilla. 

Asaph Milton Clarke was about six months 
old when the family moved to Russell, St. 
Lawrence Co.,, N. Y., where they remained 
until 1819. He was born amid the scenes of 
frontier dangers and his home was within 
hearing distance of the roar of the cannon 
during the war of 1812. One incident of his 
infancy is given in his own words: "Perhaps 
it might have been a joke of the old Canadian 
Indian who came to our house when mother 



114 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



was alone. I was sleeping in the cradle. The 
savage, taking out his knife and moving 
towards the cradle, said : 'Ugh ! me kill damn 
Yankee!' My mother cried : 'No, Socksusup, 
you will not!' And, perhaps fortunately for 
my childish scalp, I was left unmolested. My 
mother, who related the story to me, said she 
was not afraid ; but a quivering, ghost-like 
thrill of horror creeps over me yet to think 
of it." 

The educational advantages in those days 
were limited in the extreme, but young Clarke 
was possessed of an inquiring mind, and the 
older he grew the more insatiate became his 
thirst after knowledge. As he says, his first 
lessons were received at his mother's knee ; 
that mother whom he loved and revered so 
tenderly, and who made her home near him 
until called from earth, only a few short years 
before him. He was quite quick at repartee, 
well illustrated by an experience he had while 
in Huntingdon county, in 1828, where he 
fell in with a burly woodchopper who had con- 
ceived an antipathy for him just because he 
was a "Yankee." (See Chapter XXVIII.) 

At an early age Dr. Clarke evinced his love 
for the medical profession, and studied under 
Dr. Jonathan Nichols, the pioneer physician of 
that part of the State, and to whom, he says, 
"I am more indebted than to any other person 
for my success in after years." He became 
one of the best known physicians in the county. 
In (836 he removed to Brockwayville, where 
he laid out the town and did much to give it 
its "first start in life." and where for almost 
fifty years he made his home, watching its 
every upward stride with a zealous eve. Much 
of his history has been given in the history of 
the medical profession, of which he was an 
honored member, and his patient, faithful and 
gentle ministrations at the bedside of the siek 
and dying will not soon be forgotten. He 
moved to Brookville in the fall of 1857, and 
practiced there until the fall of 1863. when he 
returned to Brockwayville. He died there, 
suddenly, May 22. 1884. 

The following fitting tribute to Dr. Clarke 
was written at the time of his death by one who 
loved him for his many good qualities of head 
and heart : "Deceased was intellectually a re- 
markable man. Denied the advantages of 
wealth and education, he became not only a 
learned and skillful physician, but a literary 
man of high order. Books were the mine in 
which he delved, and from their pages he 
brought forth jewels of information and 
thought most rare. He loved poetry with an 
ardor words cannot express, and was not only 
familiar with the leading poets of the past and 



present, but was himself the author of a num- 
ber of fragments which show him to have 
been possessed of a poetic fire, that, in the 
hands of one less modest and unassuming 
than he ever proved himself to be, would have 
made him an enduring name. His qualities of 
heart were no less choice than were those of 
his head. He was generous to a fault, and 
as meek and gentle as a child. Nothing seem- 
ingly gave him more pleasure than to do good 
for his fellow men, and many there are who 
have partaken bountifully of his store. In the 
sickroom his presence was always a sweet 
solace, and his delicate touch almost as sooth- 
ing as a narcotic. In the social circle he was 
ever popular, the diversity of his knowledge 
and the easy flow of his language rendering 
him a delightful companion. As a man and 
citizen he was highly respected, as was proved 
by the spontaneity with which his neighbors 
gathered about his grave and dropped a tear 
to his precious memory. His death, like his 
life, was peaceful, and the name he leaves be- 
hind is as pure as the lily and as fragrant as 
the rose." 

On Alarch 6, 1831, Dr. Clarke was married 
to Rebecca Mason Nichols, the daughter of 
his friend and preceptor. Dr. Nichols, and on 
the fiftieth anniversary of this 'event they cele- 
brated their golden wedding at their home in 
Brockwayville, in the presence of their chil- 
dren, grandchildren and friends. Mrs. Clarke, 
who was in very truth a helpmate to her hus- 
band, died Sept. 13, 1890. Their family con- 
sisted of ten children, four sons and six daugh- 
ters : Hilpa A. married William H. Schram, 
of Ridgway; Adaline was drowned Oct. 9, 
1843; Penelope G. married Dr. W. J. Mc- 
Knight, of Brookville; Julia died Jan. 23, 
1839; Myrton died March 31, 1842; Sarah M, 
married Thomas M. Myers, of Brockwayville: 
Capt. Asaph M. settled in York county. Pa., 
but is now residing in Southern Pines, N. C. 
(he entered the war of the Rebellion and was 
promoted to captain) ; a son died in infancy 
April 16, 1847; Frances Ada married John A. 
Green, of Brockwayville: William 1). is resid- 
ing in Franklin, Pennsylvania. 

Of Airs. Clarke's ancestry, the record is not 
so complete. Her father. Dr. Jonathan 
Nichols, who has already been noticed in this 
work, was the first settled minister of the gos- 
pel in Elk county, Pa. He was born March 4, 
1775, the son of Jonathan and Rhoba (Mar- 
tin ) Nichols, and" died May 16, 1846. Dr. 
Nichols married Hannah Mason, daughter of 
Hezekiah and Sarah (Wood) Mason, on Jan. 
17. 1796. She died in June, 1859, aged 
eighty-two years. 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



115 



WENDELL McMINN AUGUST, of 
Brockwayville, is one of the leading business 
men of the younger set in that borough, and 
one whose achievements to date hold gratify- 
ing promise of larger usefulness. As super- 
intendent for the Toby Coal Mining Company, 
in which he is also interested as one of the 
owners, he has had plenty of opportunity to 
test the worth of his earlier experiences, 
gained in the West, which helped to develop 
his acquirements as an engineer along prac- 
tical lines and proved equally valuable to him 
personally in broadening his mental outlook. 

Mr. August's parents, Walter Scott and 
Charlotte (McMinn) August, are both de- 
ceased. The maiden name of his paternal 
grandmother was Gregg. His father, born 
Dec. 23, 1863, in Allegany county, N. Y., the 
grandson of a Russian political refugee to this 
country, was engaged as an oil operator until 
his death, which occurred when he was in his 
prime. At Brockwayville, Pa., he married 
Charlotte McMinn, daughter of John Mc- 
Minn, who is fully mentioned elsewhere in 
this work, and they had two children, Myrtle 
(Mrs. Trimm, of Big Wells, Texas) and 
Wendell McMinn, Mrs. August dying when 
the latter was born. 

Wendell McMinn August was born Feb. 18, 
1885, at Rew, McKean Co., Pa., and in early 
infancy was taken into the home of his aunt, 
Mrs. D. D. Groves, of Brockwayville, by 
whom he was reared. His preparatory educa- 
tion was acquired in the public schools of the 
borough, and after graduating from the high 
school at the age of sixteen years he was sent 
to the Chamberlain Military School, Randolph, 
N. Y., where he spent one year in mixed stud- 
ies. Returning home he was occupied for the 
greater part of the next two years in assisting 
his uncle as clerk in the post office, Mr. Groves 
being postmaster as well as storekeeper, and 
in the fall of 1903 resumed study, at Bucknell 
University, Lewisburg, Pa., from which insti- 
tution he was graduated in 1907 with the 
degree of bachelor of science. After two 
years' connection with a private school at 
Easthampton, Mass., as teacher of mathemat- 
ics, he yielded to his desire to see something 
of the West, visiting in Denver for a short 
time, and proceeding thence to Olathe, Colo., 
and later to Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, where his 
uncle, William T. McMinn, was engaged in 
prospecting. While there he entered his name 
as applicant for a tract of government land in 
the Coeur d'Alene region, which was just 
being opened up to settlers, but being unsuc- 
cessful at the drawing returned to Colorado 



and went into engineering work, getting his 
first taste of "hard rock life" at River Portal, 
which is situated at the intake of the famous 
Gunnison tunnel, a wonderful piece of con- 
struction in the mountains that was eleven 
years in building. He was variously occupied 
on this undertaking, in the government em- 
ploy, and next joined an engineering corps at 
Montrose, Colo., which was sent to Placer- 
ville, the journey of sixty-eight miles by rail 
occupying three days. Proceeding on foot to 
Norwood, twenty miles farther, they obtained 
a complete outfit at that point and then con- 
tinued on to the scene of operations, San Juan, 
where the preliminary survey for an irriga- 
tion project was to be made — two months of 
close and interesting scientific examination of 
a wild region then one hundred miles from the 
railroad, and noted for its rugged, pictur- 
esque beauty. Going back to Montrose with 
the party, he fell in with a college chum with 
whom he went out to Salt Lake City and 
thence north to Lima. Mont., at which place 
he took a position as night clerk in the rail- 
road yards temporarily. His next move was 
to Butte, Mont., where his first night's lodg- 
ing cost him four dollars and a half at the 
exorbitant rates to which newcomers are some- 
times subjected in regions where they are at 
the mercy of hotelkeepers, but he managed to 
secure a clerkship in the railroad yards which 
he filled for a short time to help out his 
finances, his funds having run low. Spokane 
was his next stopping place, and until he en- 
gaged as a bridge carpenter he had the rather 
severe experience of getting along for six 
weeks on ninety cents. By the time he had 
put in six weeks at bridge carpentry he was 
promoted to general bridge inspector on the 
line of the Oregon & Washington Railroad & 
Navigation Company, this work taking him all 
over the route between Spokane and Portland. 
He held this position nine months. 

Having decided that his old home presented 
a good field for business and professional op- 
portunities Mr. August returned to Brock- 
wayville and entered upon the activities in 
which he has since been engaged, buying a 
half interest in the Black Diamond Mine of 
the Toby Coal Mining Company. After oper- 
ating about a year he reorganized the said 
company and enlarged its scope by beginning 
operations at Delwood Station which are still 
in progress, and which under Mr. August's 
superintendence have every prospect of pros- 
perity. He has made a thorough study of 
local conditions and of the modern ideas of 
development applicable to them, with the re- 



116 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



suit that the properties of the Toby Company 
are yielding the maximum product possible 
with the labor expended, the methods now in 
use being based on a farsighted policy which 
considers ultimate profits rather than imme- 
diate returns, and the future value of the 
workings rather than present gains which in- 
volve unnecessary waste. Mr. August has 
gone carefully into all the details of resource 
and production connected with the mines of 
the Toby Company, and has installed a system 
which will conserve the best interests of the 
company and place them on a permanent 
basis. In addition, he holds a half interest in 
the L. M. Groves Mercantile Company, con- 
ducting the leading general store in the bor- 
ough of Brockwayville. His business ability 
and executive qualities have manifested them- 
selves promptly in every undertaking with 
which he has been associated. Increased activ- 
ity and purposeful energy have marked his 
entrance into the concerns with which he has 
allied himself, the spirit of efficiency which 
is the keynote of modern business being one 
of his characteristics especially prominent be- 
cause of the emphasis which the needs of the 
day have made necessary in this particular. 

During his college days Mr. August became 
affiliated with the Sigma Alpha Epsilon fra- 
ternity, which has numbered such well known 
men as the late President McKinley, Philan- 
der C. Knox and Leslie O. Lamar in its mem- 
bership, lie is a Mason, belonging to blue 
lodge No. 379, F. \- A. M., of Ridgway, Pa., 
and to Elk Royal Arch Chapter, No. 230, of 
the same place. In political principle he is a 
Republican. 

Mr. August was married April 8, 1912, to 
Jessie McVean Palmer, the ceremony being 
performed in New York City by Rev. Dr. 
Houghton, at the Little Church Around The 
Corner. They have two children : Wendell 
McMinn II, born Aug. 10. 1913, and Robert 
Edward, born May 10. tgi^. All their mar- 
ried life has been spent at Brockwayville. 

Airs. August was born at Johnsonburg, I 'a.. 
June 23. 1893, where she was reared, attend- 
ing public school there up to the age of six- 
teen years. Her studies were then continued 
at St. Margaret's School, Buffalo, for one 
year, after which, in order to avail herself of 
the desired opportunities for vocal training, 
she entered the Pennsylvania College for 
Women at Pittsburgh, devoting her time to 
voice culture. For five months afterwards she 
was a pupil in the Institute of Musical Art, in 
New York City, conducted by Frank Dam- 
rosch, studying there until her marriage. .Mrs. 



August has a voice of excellent tone and un- 
usual range, and her ability as a vocalist, 
combined with a gracious personality, has 
made her a welcome acquisition for the social 
circles of Brockwayville. 

Dr. William Russell Palmer, father of .Mrs. 
Wendell M. August, is a leading physician at 
Johnsonburg, Pa. The Palmer family is of 
Revolutionary stock, and its members all over 
the country have been prominent in all the 
higher walks of life. The Doctor graduated 
from the University of Buffalo (N. V.) in 
[887, studied medicine also in Vienna, Aus- 
tria, and has been practicing at Johnsonburg 
since [889. He has been chief surgeon of the 
Elk County Hospital ever since the opening 
of that institution. Dr. Palmer married Mary 
Katherine Howell, who was born Feb. 27, 
1862, at Newton, N. J., daughter of Robert 
and Elizabeth ( Stoll ) Howell, the former an 
army paymaster during the Civil war and sub- 
sequently warden of the New Jersey State 
penitentiary at Trenton. The Howells are of 
Welsh extraction. When a young lady Mrs. 
Howell accompanied her parents to Hays, 
Ellis Co.. Kans., taught school there during 
the pioneer period, and returning East took a 
course at the New York Hospital, from which 
she was graduated, later becoming matron of 
the Buffalo General Hospital. Dr. and Mrs. 
Palmer have three children: William Russell, 
Jr., Jessie McVean and Francis Farley. 

DRS. J( ISEPH P. am, fRAN CIS LOUIS 
BENSON, physicians and surgeons, of Punx- 
sutawney, control a large and important pro- 
fessional business, the scope of which attests 
alike their technical ability and their personal 
popularity. The same spirit of enthusiasm 
which characterized their careful and vigor- 
ous efforts in preparing with all thoroughness 
for their chosen work has been manifest in its 
stead} pursuit, with the result that they have 
met with uninterrupted success and gained 
secure prestige as representative physicians 
and surgeons of Jefferson county. Thev are 
twin brothers, born in January. 1 S79, at 
Brady's Bend. Armstrong Co., Pa., sons of 
John C. and Sarah 1 Kane) Benson. 

John C. Benson was born and reared in Ire- 
land, where his honored parents passed their 
entire lives, and he was a youth at the time 
when he severed the ties that bound him to the 
Emerald Isle and set forth to seek his for- 
tune in America. He first settled in the State 
of New Jersey, where he was engaged in 
agricultural pursuits until i860, the year of 
his removal to Armstrong county. Pa. Lo- 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



117 



eating at Brady's Bend, he became identified 
with the operation of iron furnaces and passed 
the greater part of his active life there in that 
line. Finally he removed with his family to 
Anita, Jefferson county, where he had his 
residence until his death. His remains are 
interred in the West End cemetery at Punx- 
sutawney, and his widow now maintains her 
home in that borough. Their children are 
here named in the order of birth : John, Mary, 
Thomas, Sarah, William, Anna and James, 
and Joseph P. and Francis Louis. 

In the public schools of Pennsylvania Jo- 
. seph P. and Francis Louis Benson acquired 
their early educational discipline, which was 
effectively supplemented by a five years' 
course of study in the Adrian private school 
at Punxsutawney. Thus well fortified along 
academic lines, Joseph P. Benson then fol- 
lowed out his ambitious purpose by entering 
the Medico-Chirurgical College in the city of 
Philadelphia, from which institution he was 
graduated as a member of the class of 1899, 
with the well earned degree of doctor of medi- 
cine. He has since taken well directed post- 
graduate work, and by this means, and by 
availing himself of the best in standard and 
periodical literature pertaining to his profes- 
sion, he keeps in full touch with the advances 
made in both medical and surgical science. 
After his graduation he was engaged in prac- 
tice at Anita, this county, for a period of four 
years, and then found a broader field of pro- 
fessional labor by removing to Punxsutawney. 
where he and his brother have since com- 
manded a substantial and representative 
practice. He is serving as a member of the 
medical staff of Adrian Hospital, is an appre- 
ciative and valued member of the Jefferson 
County Medical Society, the Pennsylvania 
State Medical Society and the American 
Medical Association, and is a popular factor 
in the professional, business and social circles 
of his home town and county. In addition to 
holding membership in the Punxsutawney 
Club and the Country Club be is actively affili- 
ated with Punxsutawney Lodge, I!. P. O. 
Elks. 

Dr. Joseph P. Benson was married to Mary 
< i. Bennis, a daughter of J. G. Bennis, who is 
now a resident of San Francisco, Cal. Dr. 
and Mrs. Benson have three children. Joseph. 
Mary Louise and Paul. 

As already noted. Dr. Francis Louis Ben- 
son had the same preliminary education as his 
twin brother. After successfully managing 
stores for the Berwind <x White Coal Mining 
Companies at Windber, Pa., and the Vulcan 



Trading Company, at Mount Union, Pa., he- 
entered Jefferson Medical College, Philadel- 
phia, where he spent two years in the study of 
medicine. Then he entered the College of 
Physicians and Surgeons at Baltimore, from 
which institution he was graduated in 1910. 
Dr. Benson first located at Brockwayville, as 
assistant to Dr. W. C. Ouinn, where he re- 
mained for two years, at the end of that 
period coming to Punxsutawney with his 
brother. Dr. J. P. Benson, with whom he has 
since practiced. 

On Aug. _'4. 191 2. Dr. Francis L. Benson 
was united in marriage to Julia .Mice Ken- 
nedy, of Jersey City, N. J., and they have one 
son, Julian Kennedy Benson, who is now three 
years old. Dr. Benson, like his brother, is 
associated with the American Medical Associa- 
tion, the Pennsylvania Medical Society, and 
the Jefferson County Medical Society. 

JOFIN ]•". DIN< rER, now a business man at 
DuBois, was until recently a resident of Sum- 
merville, Jefferson county, and a leader in so 
many progressive and ambitious projects there 
that he was justly regarded as one of the most 
valuable citizens of the borough and the ad- 
jacent territory, in the development of which" 
his business operations have played an impor- 
tant part. Mr. Dinger is possessed of the fore- 
sight and judgment necessary to successful 
venture, and when convinced of the feasibility 
of an undertaking is courageous in entering 
upon it and persistent in following his ideas 
until their practicability has been demonstrated. 
Those familiar with his methods and capa- 
bility have the utmost confidence in him, and 
the fact that he fayors any movement is suf- 
ficient to win support for it among the most 
substantial element in the community. The 
story of his achievements in his personal enter- 
prises makes it easy to understand this favor- 
able estimate of his townsmen, who also hon- 
ored him with the most important public trusts. 

Mr. Dinger was born in Clarion county, Pa., 
Nov. 9, 1861, son of Michael and Sarah 
( Graff ) Dinger, and he is of Pennsylvania- 
1 lerman extraction in the paternal line. 
Scotch-Irish on the maternal side. His grand- 
father was a Pennsylvania German. His ma- 
ternal ancestors had to leave Scotland because 
of their active connection with the cause of 
Charles, "The Young Pretender." Michael 
Dinger was born in Schuylkill county, Pa., and 
was six years old when the family moved to 
Clarion county, where he spent the rest of his 
life, dying on the old homestead there at the 
advanced age of eighty-five years. His family 



118 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



consisted of ten children, four sons and six 
daughters. 

John F. Dinger received an excellent edu- 
cation, and for several years during his young 
manhood was engaged in educational work, 
from the time he was sixteen until he reached 
the age of twenty-one being occupied as a 
teacher in his native county during the winter 
season, and meanwhile continuing his own 
studies at school. When twenty-two years of 
age. after his marriage, he removed to Arm- 
strong county, this State, where he lived on a 
farm for nine years, in addition to general 
agriculture dealing in stock and farm ma- 
chinery. Meantime, in 1888, with a few 
associates, he went to Florida and pur- 
chased a large timber tract covered with 
a fine growth of _ long-leaved yellow pine, 
which afterwards proved especially valuable 
on account of its phosphate deposit. While 
handling and selling farm machinery Mr. 
Dinger also developed his natural mechan- 
ical skill to such an extent that it later secured 
for him the handling of seven counties for 
D. M. Osborne & Co.. of Auburn, N. Y., man- 
ufacturers of binders, mowers and reapers, as 
"blockman." with headquarters at Pittsburgh. 
From there he moved to Summerville, where 
he was established until his removal to DuBois 
in 1916, and he made substantial contributions 
to its business life. In the early part of his 
residence there he was interested in the water 
plant, owning a half interest in the People's 
Water Company for two years, and acting as 
general manager of that concern for two years. 
He then bought the Carrier gristmill, which 
had been built in 1861, purchasing the property 
from John Beach, remodeled it according to 
modern standards, and conducted it very prof- 
itably until it was destroyed by fire Dec. 11, 
191 5. Unde/ his superior management it did 
a large business, forty to fifty thousand dollars 
annually, and attained a foremost place among 
local industries. On May 15, 1915, he incor- 
porated the John F. Dinger Milling and Baking 
Company, capitalized at $35,000. of which he is 
president, treasurer and manager, John A. 
Xolf being secretary of the company. On Oct. 
5, 1916, the John F. Dinger Milling and Bak- 
ing Company bought the Hunter & Johnson 
gristmill, on Brady street, DuBois, Pa., han- 
dling grain and grain products. While Mr. 
Dinger's principal interests have been in this 
line, and it was his most important concern 
in relation to the prosperity of the borough of 
Summerville. he has by no means limited his 
activities to its demands. From time to time 
he has had other interests, and it is greatly to 



his credit that they have invariably been worthy 
of the support of the community. For a short 
time he was a part owner of the Cash Buyers' 
Union Store at Summerville. He was one of 
the original organizers of the Citizens' Na- 
tional Bank of New Bethlehem, Pa., and a di- 
rector of that institution for years. Now he is 
vice president of the Citizens' National Bank 
of Reynoldsville, Jefferson county. He is a 
large real estate owner in the state of Ken- 
tucky as well as Pennsylvania. 

Though he never sought public preferment 
Mr. Dinger was honored with election to the 
most responsible office within the gift of his 
fellow citizens, being the burgess of Summer- 
ville for three years, from 1913 to 1916. Need- 
less to say, the executive qualities which have 
made his own affairs prosper so notably were 
highly appreciated in his direction of town 
matters. Politically he is a Democrat, and an 
anient Wilson man at present. From the age 
of fourteen years Mr. Dinger has been a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran Church at Shannondale, 
Clarion county. 

In September, 1883, Mr. Dinger married 
Clara A. Slicker, of St. Petersburg, Clarion 
Co., Pa., and they are the parents of four 
children, three sons. and one daughter: Layard, 
born in 1884, is a graduate of the Western 
University of Pennsylvania, at Allegheny, and 
is now engaged as a civil engineer in the service 
of the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh Rail- 
road Company ; he married Amy Lowery, and 
they have two children, Edith and John F., Jr. 
Earnest M., born in 1887, died at" the age of 
nineteen years, while a student at Pennsylvania 
College, Gettysburg; he was especially gifted 
as an orator, and was inclined toward the min- 
istry. Edith, born in 1900, died of scarlet 
fever when two years old. Grover J., born in 
1892, now assistant cashier of the" Citizens' 
National Bank of Reynoldsville, married Mary 
Carrier, of Summerville. 

FOHN HARNETT STEWART, of Brook- 
ville. has substantial claims to honorable men- 
tion among those lawyers of talent and notable 
legal acquirements who have done credit to the 
Jefferson county bar. In twenty years of prac- 
tice he has attracted favorable notice from all 
the associates, professional or personal, who 
have had the opportunity to watch his career 
as a lawyer. Nor has he been less fortunate 
in the business relations which have varied his 
busy life and broadened his activities. The 
several connections of this sort which he has 
formed have turned out so satisfactorily that 
he might have won creditable place by them 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA " 



119 



alone, and are an indication of versatile abil- 
ity which deserves recognition. 

Mr. Stewart's birthplace was Eldred town- 
ship, Jefferson county, where the family has 
been established for the better part of a cen- 
tury. Paul Stewart, his grandfather, was the 
first of this line to choose Jefferson county 
for a homestead. It was in 1832 that he lo- 
cated in Eldred township, upon a tract of 120 
acres which he had purchased. Situated in 
the midst of pine forests, the land was wild 
and the soil unbroken by the plow. But the 
ax soon had the difficult work of clearing 
started, and the soil was put under cultivation 
'as fast as prepared, the harvests increasing 
from year to year as progress was made in the 
transformation of the wilderness to productive 
fields. The rude provisions for shelter gave 
way in time to substantial buildings, and a 
comfortable home and farm property were 
the results of patient industry and intelligent 
care. This farm of 120 acres has been, in the 
family without interruption ever since, and is 
now owndd by John Barnett Stewart, who is 
very much interested in agriculture and the 
improvement of farming conditions. Through 
his efforts it has become one of the best and 
most highly improved farms in Eldred town- 
ship. Here Paul Stewart and his wife Jane 
( McCurdy ) reared their family, which con- 
sisted of the following children : Jane, who 
became the wife of David Motherell ; Robert, 
who married Nancy McNeil ; Thomas Mc- 
Curdy, more fully noticed in the next para- 
graph ; Mary, wife of John White; and John, 
who married Dinah McCracken and (second) 
Mary Cochran. All are now deceased. 

Thomas McCurdy Stewart was born in 
Westmoreland county. Pa., Aug. 16, 1826, and 
died Feb. 9, 1893. Owing to the unsettled con- 
dition of Eldred township during his boyhood 
his schooling was necessarily limited, and he 
experienced all the other privations which the 
progeny of those undaunted settlers who 
braved pioneering had to undergo. But there 
was plenty of work to occupy his time, for he 
began to help at an early age, and did his share 
of the chopping and hewing necessary to let 
the sunlight in through the dense forests. As 
the giant trees were felled they made room for 
the fertile fields which meant plenty for him 
and his family, and he prospered bv hard work 
continued through all his years. He had the 
intellect and character to win respect from his 
neighbors, and was influential in his neighbor- 
hood, though he took little formal part in the 
administration of its affairs, having no ambi- 
tion for public honors. He was occasionally 



persuaded to accept minor offices in his town- 
ship, from a sense of duty toward his fellow 
citizens, whom he served faithfully, but he 
preferred to exercise his powers in the choos- 
ing of other good men for such responsibili- 
ties. He married Sarah Jane Whitehill, a 
native of Clarion county, Pa., and three chil- 
dren were born to this union: John Barnett; 
Jenny Lind, who became the wife of James L. 
Carman : and Ethel Elbirda, who married 
W. L. Stevenson. 

John Barnett Stewart was born Jan. 3, 1869. 
Having passed his boyhood on the home farm, 
he acquired some familiarity with agricultural 
work, but he did not choose it for a calling, 
and directed his preparations accordingly. 
The winter schools conducted in the vicinity 
afforded very fair opportunities for common 
school training, and he had also been allowed to 
attend the academies at Corsica and Belleview. 
When but sixteen years old the youth passed 
a teacher's examination and was engaged as 
instructor in a district in Heath township, this 
county. His salary was only twenty dollars 
a month, but board was not dear in those days, 
and he had twelve dollars a month left after 
"finding himself." Thus he started upon a 
course which many an aspirant to professional 
training has followed successfully, studying 
and teaching, according to opportunity or ne- 
cessity, during the several years that followed. 
After completing his first engagement as a 
teacher he entered the Wesleyan University, 
at Delaware, Ohio, where he pursued the 
higher studies, and he graduated from the 
Clarion (Pa.) State Normal School in June, 
1892. Subsequently he taught in various dis- 
tricts of Forest. Jefferson and Clarion counties, 
as well as one year at Ocheltree, Kans. — 1894. 
Returning from the West to Brookville, he felt 
in a position to follow his long cherished am- 
bition of completing a law course, and entered 
the office of the late Hon. George A. Jenks for 
that purpose. He was admitted to practice in 
the various courts in May, 1896, and has been 
an active member of the Jefferson county bar 
ever since. At the time of his admission to 
the bar Mr. Stewart was holding the position 
of deputy county treasurer, and he completed 
five years of service as such. In 1900 he took 
up insurance work with the New York Life 
Insurance Company, and has carried it ever 
since in connection with other responsibilities, 
operating very successfully within a radius of 
twenty-five miles of his home town. Mean- 
time his legal work has increased steadily, in 
both volume and importance, to such an extent 
that he is one of the important figures at the 



120 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Jefferson county bar. Aside from these inter- 
ests, his chief association has been with the 
Bessemer Coal Alining Company, of which he 
has been vice president since the organization 
in 1903. The company"s field of operations is 
at Hilliards, Butler Co., Pa., and the business 
headquarters are at Reynoldsville, Jefferson 
county. 

Mr. Stewart's home, a brick residence at 
No. 289 Franklin avenue. Brookville, is very 
pleasantly situated and arranged. He mar- 
ried Maude Paddock, who had been a popular 
public school teacher in Brookville, and they 
have one daughter, Mary, now a high school 
student at Brookville. Miss Dorothy Hoyt, 
their niece, is a member of their household and 
also a student in the high school. Mr. and 
Mrs. Stewart hold membership in the First 
Presbyterian Church of Brookville. Frater- 
nally he is a thirty-second degree Mason, affil- 
iated with Hobah Lodge, No. 276, F. & A. M.. 
and Jefferson Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, 
No. 225, of Brookville, Coudersport Consis- 
tory, and Jaffa Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of 
Altoona, Pa. Since December, 191 1, Mr. 
Stewart has been a member of the board of 
education of Brookville and takes an active 
interest in the school affairs of the borough. 

DAVID L. TAYLOR, of Brookville, has 
shown the strength of purpose necessarv to 
keep his course true to his convictions and 
ideals, through character and service to his 
fellows giving the best assurance of his appre- 
ciation of the relative values of the many 
factors which go to make up modern life. 
He has proved himself a worthy representa- 
tive of a family whose members have been 
long and honorably linked with the annals of 
Jefferson county, and his individual accom- 
plishments have been of a nature to reflect 
new distinction on the name. It can not be 
doubted that in his career he has shown forth 
the definite value of the admirable home 
influence under which he was reared, and it 
is his to pay large and loyal filial tribute to the 
memory of his father and mother, both of 
whom led lives of exalted ideals. Their un- 
assuming strength, unfailing kindliness and 
earnest sincerity permit no savor of inconse- 
quence to touch any phase of their long and 
useful lives. It is a privilege to accord in 
this history a tribute to their memories as 
well as a brief review of the career of their 
son. 

David L. Taylor is known and honored as 
one of the representative men of affairs in 
his native county, where he is president of the 



Brookville Title & Trust Company, besides 
being extensively identified with coal and gas 
industrial enterprises in this section of the 
State and a representative figure in connection 
with lumbering operations. 

David L. Taylor was born on the old home- 
stead farm of his father, near Corsica, Eldred 
township, Jefferson county, and the date of 
his nativity was Aug. 30, 1868. He is a son 
of Newton and Sarah (Moore) Taylor, the 
former of whom was born in Crawford 
county, Pa., on July 9, 1832, and the latter 
in Summerville, Jefferson county, in 184 1, 
her parents having been sterling pioneers of 
this county. 

Newton Taylor long wielded large and 
beneficent influence in connection with indus- 
trial and civic affairs in Jefferson county, and 
in all of the relations of life he stood exponent 
of abiding self-knowledge, self-respect and 
self-control — the attributes that lead to worthy 
success and indicate intrinsic nobility of char- 
acter. He was but fifteen years of age at the 
time of his father's death, and thereafter he 
remained on the little homestead farm in 
Crawford county until he had attained to the 
age of seventeen years, when he came to Jef- 
ferson county, animated by youthful ambition 
and self-reliance, and determined to win for 
himself definite independence and prosperity 
through industry and through normal avenues 
of activity. The surroundings of his youth 
were far removed from those of affluence, and 
the death of his father caused him early to 
assume heavier responsibilities than would 
otherwise have fallen upon him. Employed 
as a cattle drover. Mr. Taylor came to Jeffer- 
son county in charge of a herd which he drove 
through to what was then the Cowan farm. 
Within a short time thereafter he found em- 
ployment driving oxen in the lumber woods 
along the Clarion river, and thus was insti- 
tuted his association with a line of industry 
in which he was destined to achieve large 
success and more than local prestige. For 
his services in the capacity noted Mr. Taylor 
was to receive the princely stipend of fifty 
cents a day, but his employer met with finan- 
cial difficulties and thus the young employe 
was denied even this nominal compensation. 
His ambition was one of action and circum- 
spection, and by proving his mastery of 
expedients he was finally enabled to engage 
in lumbering operations in an independent 
way. At the mouth of Clear creek Mr. Taylor 
erected and placed in operation the first steam 
sawmill on the Clarion river, and with careful 
policies and marked energy he amplified his 



RARY 






JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



121 



fields of business enterprise until he became 
the owner of important sawmills, including 
one situated on Big Mill creek, in Eldred 
township. This mill he later sold to the Mar- 
lin brothers, of Brookville, and he then estab- 
lished his residence at Corsica, this county, 
where he erected a combined planing mill and 
foundry, which he successfully operated in 
connection with his chain of sawmills along 
the course of the Clarion river, in both Jeffer- 
son and Clarion counties. From an apprecia- 
tive newspaper article that appeared at the 
time of Mr. Taylor's death are taken the 
following extracts, which are worthy of 
perpetuation in this more enduring vehicle: 

"Air. Taylor was very active in the lumber 
business through this country, and he built the 
first steam sawmill that was ever erected in 
Jefferson county. More than twenty years 
ago he retired from business in this section 
of the State and removed to Pittsburgh, where 
he passed the remainder of his life. While 
the lumber business is often spoken of by the 
older citizens, yet it only lasted the lifetime 
of man, for here has just passed away one 
who saw it as it began and lived through the 
time when it was the only industry in this 
county. . . . Those who knew Xewton 
Taylor best have the kindest words about him. 
An honorable, upright man is gone, one whom 
it was a pleasure to know and with whom it 
was a credit to associate. His pure life is a 
heritage to his children and his many friends." 
An alert and receptive mind enabled Mr. 
Taylor to gain much in connection with the 
experiences of his signally active and pro- 
ductive life, and he became a man of broad 
intellectual ken and remarkable business, 
sagacity. Loyal in all things, he gave his 
influence and co-operation to the furtherance 
of measures and enterprises tending to ad- 
vance the civic and material welfare of the 
community, and he was essentially progressive 
and public-spirited, though he had no desire 
for public office of any kind. 

In 1893 Mr. Taylor removed to the city of 
Pittsburgh, where he engaged in the wholesale 
lumber business, in which he continued his 
activities for twelve years, with unequivocal 
success. At the expiration of that period he 
retired from active business, and he passed 
the closing period of his long and useful life 
in his home in the East End, Pittsburgh, his 
cherished and devoted wife having preceded 
him to the life eternal. He was nearly eighty- 
three years of age at the time of his death, 
which occurred March 28, 191 5, and his name 
and memory are held in lasting honor in the 



county which long represented his home and 
in which his extensive business interests were 
centered for many years. At one time he was 
president of the National Bank of Brookville. 
and he was financially interested in the vari- 
ous other enterprises in Jefferson county. His 
political allegiance, indicative of well fortified 
convictions, was given to the Republican party, 
and both be and his wife were earnest and 
zealous members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, in the work of which they were active 
both during their residence in Jefferson county 
and after their removal to Pittsburgh. The 
remains of both rest in I 'isgah cemetery at 
Corsica, Jefferson county, not far distant 
from the old homestead which was endeared 
to them by many hallowed memories and as- 
sociations. 

On March 4, 1857, was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Newton Taylor to Sarah E. Moore, 
who, as previously stated, was born in Jeffer- 
son county, and who was seventy-five years 
of age at the time of her demise, which 
occurred July 19, 1914. Her husband sur- 
vived this gracious and gentle companion by 
less than one year, and well may it be said 
that the relations of their home life were ever 
of ideal character. Mrs. Taylor was in im- 
paired health for many years prior to her 
death, but bore her affliction with character- 
istic patience and gentleness, sustained and 
comforted by the loving devotion of all who 
came within the compass of her influence. 
Mr. and Mrs. Taylor became the parents of 
ten children, and concerning the seven who 
survive them the following brief data are 
available: Edward C. is a resident of Pitts- 
burgh; 11. II. maintains his home at Monaca. 
Beaver county ; David L. is the immediate 
subject of this review; Rose is the wife of 
Dr. E. M. Sloan, of Pittsburgh; Carrie is the 
wife of Dr. H. B. Reamer, of that city; Twila 
is the wife of A. S. Roland, of Pittsburgh, 
and in that city also resides Belle, who is the 
wife of J. G. Armstrong. Surviving this 
honored pioneer couple are also twenty-one 
grandchildren and ten great-grandchildren. 

David I.. Taylor acquired his early educa- 
tion in the public schools and the old Corsica 
Academy, and as a youth he became actively 
associated with his father's extensive business 
operations. At the age of nineteen years he 
assumed a clerical position in the National 
Bank of lirookville. of which his father was 
then president, and thus he initiated what has 
proved a peculiarly successful and influential 
career in connection with banking interests 
in this section of his native State. A seem- 



122 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



ingly natural predilection for this line of 
enterprise was reinforced by resourceful ap- 
plication and by an insistent desire to perfect 
himself in all the executive details and respon- 
sibilities. After having been for fourteen 
years in active association with the National 
Bank of Brookville Mr. Taylor accepted the 
position of cashier of the People's National 
Bank at East Brady, Clarion county, where he 
remained thus engaged for two and a half 
years. He then returned to Brookville and 
assumed the dual office of secretary and treas- 
urer of the Brookville Title & Trust Company, 
and in 191 2 he was made president of this 
institution, in the development and upbuilding 
of whose substantial and important business 
he has been a dominating figure, this being 
one of the leading financial establishments of 
this section of the State, with operations based 
upon ample capital and the best of executive 
control. In addition to being at the head of 
this representative institution Mr. Taylor has 
shown equal administrative and initiative 
ability in connection with his operations in 
and identification with coal, lumber, oil and 
gas enterprises in this part of the Keystone 
State, and' he is known and valued as one of 
the substantial capitalists, progressive business 
men and loyal and public-spirited citizens of 
his native county. He is a director of the 
A. R. \ anTassel Tanning Company, of 
DuBois, Pa., and treasurer of the Keystone 
Mining Company at East Brady, Pa., which 
latter company he formed. 

Though essentially a business man, with 
naught of ambition for political preferment. 
Mr. Taylor gives his support to the cause of 
the Republican party, and takes a lively inter- 
est in public affairs, especially those of a local 
order, having served as member of the bor- 
ough council and school board, holding the 
latter office three terms. He has proved an 
appreciative student of the history and teach- 
ings of the time-honored Masonic fraternity, 
in which his affiliations are as here designated : 
Hobah Lodge, No. 276. of the Free and 
Accepted Masons, and Jefferson Chapter, No. 
225, Royal Arch Masons, in his home town of 
Brookville; Bethany Commandery, No. 83, K. 
T., at DuBois, Clearfield county; the Couders- 
port Consistory, Ancient Accepted Scottish 
Rite, in which he has received the thirty- ' 
second degree ; and Syria Temple, Ancient 
-Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic 
Shrine, in the city of Pittsburgh. 

Socially he belongs to the Pittsburgh Ath- 
letic Association and to the Brookville Com- 
munity Club. He is president of the Brook- 



ville Boy Scouts, and a member of the board 
of trustees of the Brookville Y. M. C. A. 

Mr. Taylor is the boys' friend. For years 
he has been their sympathetic big brother. In 
Brookville and vicinity the advantages of 
membership in the new Y. M. C. A. are avail- 
able to every boy. If any boy is financially 
unable to join, all that is necessary is that the 
matter come to Mr. Taylor's attention. He 
is very proud of about forty such young 
Americans. He keeps an alphabetical list of 
them, and a systematic record of their vices. 
If any of them get into trouble from breaking 
a window, or other cause, if the offender 
comes and tells the truth he is counseled and 
satisfactory reparation is made without pub- 
licity. Mr. Taylor always holds that a boy's 
mistakes are misdirected energies. In plead- 
ing for the boys and their future, and the 
future of our homes, business and country, 
Mr. Taylor always uses the expression, "the 
conservation of our boys," and earnestly ex- 
plains, from whatever angle the subject is 
viewed, how essential it is to care for and 
protect our youth in their years of physical, 
mental and moral growth. 

With a memory for faces and names of 
persons so retentive as to be considered 
phenomenal, Mr. Taylor is equally alert in 
recognizing some ragged urchin or. a Wall 
street broker, regardless of the lapse of years 
and mutations of time. He is "Dave Taylor" 
to men, women and children, jovial, sym- 
pathetic and urbane. A mixer, but strongly 
individual, he is nevertheless adaptive to 
environment, and popular among his wide 
circle of acquaintances because of his delight- 
ful camaraderie, and an inexhaustible store- 
house of anecdotes, jests and humorous 
episodes. Charitable, philanthropical and 
generous, particularly to local enterprises, he 
yet has a penetrative mind back of his search- 
ing gaze, very disconcerting to "four flushing." 
A well known Nimrod, he has a special repu- 
tation as a wing shot, having been known to 
have shot five pheasants — straight without a 
miss — on the wing in eight minutes. His 
modesty is marked, consequently many of his 
exploits are probably not known. The stories 
of his prowess as a hunter come almost wholly 
from witnesses. Among the baseball fans he 
is remembered as second baseman, and to- 
day, as a fan. his interest in the game is not 
less enthusiastic. He has traveled extensively 
in America. 

On Dec. 22, 1892, Mr. Taylor was united 
in marriage to Julia Eleanora Gray, who was 
born and reared in Jefferson county and who 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



123 



is a daughter of William H. and Mary (Darl- 
ing) Gray, honored citizens of Brookville. 
Air. and Mrs. Taylor have five children, 
namely: Mary E., Marjorie G., Carolyn, 
Henry Charles and Sarah Katharine, and the 
attractive family home at Brookville is a cen- 
ter of much of the representative social life 
of the community. 

LEWIS ARMSTRONG BRADY is now- 
living retired at Brookville, after a successful 
business career as a hardware merchant. In 
personal character, citizenship, capability and 
self-reliance he has been a typical Brady. The 
family has contributed so much in the evolu- 
tion of western Pennsylvania from primitive 
conditions to modern that no history of the 
State could be written without the record of 
their exploits, especially in pioneer days, when 
the Bradys were relied upon for the protection 
of the frontier, being renowned as woodsmen 
and Indian fighters. Their intimate knowl- 
edge and understanding of the Indians and In- 
dian character and customs, and woodcraft 
equal to the red man's, were so valuable to the 
early settlers that a Brady always commanded 
respect. Always a military family, they have 
been represented not only in the border con- 
flicts, but in every American war from the 
French and Indian to the Spanish- American. 
Indeed, patriotic and self-sacrificing support 
of their country in times of trouble has been 
a persistent Brady trait as well marked in the 
present as in the past, and it is a fact that they 
furnished more soldiers for the Civil and Span- 
ish-American wars than any other family in 
Indiana county, Pennsylvania. 

However, the achievements of the Bradys 
in the interest and protection of their country 
have by no means been limited to fighting for 
it. Of* Irish Protestant origin, they have been 
for the most part stanch Presbyterians, and in 
the early days were among the earnest 
founders and supporters of Presbyterian 
Churches in the various communities with 
which the numerous representatives of the 
name have been connected. They are now 
scattered all over the Union, but wherever 
found retain the strong characteristics upon 
which their reputation had its foundation. 
Many members of the family have been called 
to honorable public service. James H. Brady, 
one of the descendants of Hugh Brady, to 
whom most of the Bradys in this part of Penn- 
sylvania trace their lineage, was governor of 
Idaho a few years ago, and others have filled 
prominent positions of responsibilitv in the 
various State governments. Of those eminent 



in other lines, there is notably Rev. Cyrus 
Townsend Brady, D. D., graduate of Annapo- 
lis Naval Academy, Protestant Episcopal 
clergyman and especially known for his literary 
work. Many have attained high place in mili- 
tary circles, and in this respect probably the 
most famous member of the family is Gen. 
Hugh Brady, a grandson of Hugh Brady, the 
progenitor of this branch of the family. To 
recount all the adventures of the pioneer 
Bradys who made the name synonymous with 
heroism and fearlessness in frontier days 
would involve presenting a history of this sec- 
tion of the State. But" it may be mentioned 
that Hugh Brady, founder of the family here, 
was the father of the famous Capt. John 
Brady, born in 1733, who began his military 
career in the French and Indian war. During 
the first part of the Revolution he built a semi- 
fortified log house at Muncy Manor which be- 
came known in that region as "Brady's Fort" 
and was used as a place of refuge from the 
Indians by the neighboring settlers. He and 
two of his sons fought in the Revolution. 
Though he was killed by the Indians April 
11, 1779. at Wolf Run, when but forty-six 
years of age, Capt. John Brady had become 
noted for his bravery and success in the de- 
fense of the frontier, and in recognition of his 
services the Lycoming Chapter of the D. A. R. 
placed a marker at his grave. There is a 
monument to him in the cemetery at Muncy. 
Captain Brady married Mary Quigley, and 
among the thirteen children born to them were 
Gen. Hugh Brady (previously referred to), 
commander of the North Western .Military De- 
partment of the United States; the famous 
Capt. Samuel Brady; and James Brady, who 
was killed by the Indians, dying Aug. 8, 1778, 
the year before his father's death. ' Mrs. 
Charles G. Ernst, of Punxsutawney, Tefferson 
Co.. Pa., is one of the descendants "of Capt. 
John Brady, and she owns his surveyor's guide 
book and also his account book. 

< Uher branches of the family have been no 
less reliable in patriotic services to their coun- 
try in her need. The record all through is one 
of conspicuous devotion and valor, as well' as 
personal merit of equally high order. Hugh 
Brady, the founder of tlie family in America, 
was a son of Rev. Nicholas Brad'v, D. D., ver- 
sifier of the Psalms, rector of Claphams, Lon- 
don, English chaplain to King William and 
Queen Anne. He was born at Bandon, County 
Cork, Ireland, Oct. 28, 1659, and died May 22, 
1726. at Richmond, England. He is buried at 
Richmond Cathedral. Clapham, London. 
From a tract in the British Museum entitled 



124 



JEFFERSON COCNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



"hi loving memory of Sir Antonio Brady, Kt.. 
at rest Dec. 12, 1881, aged 70. Reprinted from 
Stratford and South Sussex Advertiser" the 
following is taken ( page 5 1 : "According to the 
register record of the Irish Ilerald office, the 
family pedigree of the late Sir Antonio goes 
back to Milesius of Spain, who was the first 
conqueror of Ireland. Another fact, showing 
the extent of his connection with bye-gone 
ages, may be mentioned that among his an- 
cestors are found the Rev. Hugh Brady, who 
was the first Bishop of Meath, consecrated in 
[563, and Or. Nicholas Brady, who was the 
author, in conjunction with Dr. Tate, of the 
well known metrical versions of the Psalms of 
David" ("New Version of the Psalms of 
David," 11105-1703). "Another relative of 
the deceased was the Right Hon. Maziere 
Brady, who died in 1858 after filling the office 
of Lord High Chancellor of Ireland on three 
specific occasions. The families of Brady, Kil- 
ner and Perigal have been for several genera- 
tions associated by ties of friendship." 

From Alumni Oxoniensis, Ed. of 189 1. 1 lx- 
ford. page 170, Volume 1, early series: "Brady- 
Nicholas, s. Nicholas ot Co. Cork, Ireland, 
gent. Christ Church, niatric. 4 Feb. 1678-9, 
aged 18; a student from Westminster 1678-82; 
B. A. from Trinity Coll., Dublin 1685, M. A. 
'1686, 1!. and D. D., 1699, translator of the 
metrical version of the Psalms, prebend of St. 
Barn's in Cork with the living of Kilnaglarchy 
1688, rector of Kilmyne and vicar of Dungah, 
diocese of Cork 1688, and of Kilgusave 1688, 
Chaplain to the Duke of Ormond's troop of 
guards, Chaplain to Wm. Ill, to Queen Mary 
and to Queen Anne, lecturer of St. Matthew, 
Wood St.. London, minister to St. Catherine 
Cree Church, curate of Richmond, Surrey, and 
kept school there, vicar of Stra'.ford-upon- 
Avon 1703-5, rector of Clapham, Surrey, 1706, 
and until his death 20 May, 1726, buried in that 
church 26th, a great grandson of Hugh Brady, 
1st Protestant Bishop of Meath. born at Cork, 
28 ' let. r65Q. See Rawlinson 111 261, IV 310, 
XVI 248, 265; Alumni West, 183, Hearne II. 
73; and D. N. B." 

"Richmond and Its Inhabitants from Ear- 
liest Times." by William Crisp, London, [866, 
published by Hiscocke and Sons and J. T. 
Cooke, contains the following ( page 160) : "It 
will be interesting to many of our readers to 
learn that Mr. Nicholas Brady, afterwards Dr. 
Brady, held the curacy of Richmond for a 
period of nam- years, he being' proposed for 
the office by many gen lemen of this place on 
the 4th of June, 1690; to which he was un- 



animously elected as a 'fitt and proper person' 
and on the 22d of May, 1698, there is the fol- 
lowing : 'Wee the Gentlemen of the Vestry, 
having seen a version of the Psalms of David 
fitted to the tunes used in Churches by Mr. 
Brady and Mr. Tate together with his Majes- 
ties order of allowance in Council bareing date 
at Kensington the 3d day of December, 1696, 
doe willingly receive the same and desire thev 
may lie used in our congregation.' " 

( In June 29, 1690, Nicholas Brady married 
Letitia, daughter of Rev. Dr. Synge, Arch- 
deacon and af erwards Bishop of Cork and 
Cloyne. They had: Rex. Nicholas Brady, rec- 
tor of Footing; Samuel Brady, born in 1693, 
M. 1 1. td the forces and mayor of Portsmouth 
in 172(1. died March jj, 1747 (was married 
twice ) ; and Hugh Brady, born in 1709. 

Hugh Brady, son of Rev. Dr. Nicholas 
Brady, was born in 1709, and emigrated to 
America from Enniskille, County Cork, In- 
land, locating first at the falls or forks of the 
Delaware river, and thence removing to near 
Shippensburg, Pa. Their homestead was in 
Hopewell township, Cumberland county, five 
miles from Shippensburg, and there Hugh 
Brady spent most of his mature years. 
There is a record in the Pennsylvania 
Archives, 3d Series, Volume I, page 
ji 1 : "II ugh Brady, of Chester County, had 
warranted to him 150 acres of land in 
Paxtang township, on Feb. 22. 1733." Early 
records of Hugh Brady in Cumberland 
county are found in Record Book "A," Vol- 
ume I, page 18, Carlisle. Pa. : "Release of 
Hugh Brady to Richard Peters dated 7 Oct., 
174S. In consideration of £25 sold and re- 
leased all that tract of land with the improve- 
ments and buildings situate in Hopewell town- 
ship, Lancaster County, adjoining John 
McCuin and Robert Simonton containing 200 
acres more or less. 50 acres of which were 
granted to Thomas Woods by warrant 19 
Mch., 1744, and by said Woods to Hugh Brady 
30 Aug., 1745, and the other 150 acres were 
warranted to Hugh Brady 6th Oct., 1748." ( >n 
page 33 of the same volume we find a bill of 
sale, Hugh Brady of Hopewell to Francis 
Campbell and David Megaw of Shippensburg. 
storekeepers, dated 3 Apr., 1753: 

"In consideration of ii2. 10s. and 3d. set 
over and deliver to Campbell and Megaw 1 bay 
mare 8 years old branded "W. E.' on the near 
buttocks, one sorrel mare, white faced, 7 years 
old, branded 'S' on the shoulder, and a red cow 
with calf 3 yrs. old a flecked red cow & white 



[EFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



125 



cow 4 yrs. old and 2 yearling calves. To have 
and to hold &c. 

''Hugh Brady. 
"Witnesses : 

"David Summerall 
"Robt. Simonton" 

In Book "B," Volume I, page 213. is a deed 
of Robert Simonton to William Starrett dated 
April 19, 1768, which in the description men- 
tions Hugh Brady as one of the adjoiners. 

In 1730 Hugh Brady married Hannah Mc- 
Cormick, a Scotchwoman, and they reared a 
large family of boys and girls, giving them a 
good education for those early days. They 
grew to sturdy manhood and womanhood, and 
did their full share in the development of the 
various communities in which they settled, and 
among their posterity are many who have ac- 
quired local. State and even national reputa- 
tion. Hugh Brady and his wife were evidently 
remarkable people, and their descendants to 
this day possess an inheritance of character and 
high principle which would make them notable 
anywhere. They left a family of nine chil- 
dren, viz.: Samuel, born 1734, died 1811, 
married Jane Simonton and their children 
were John (married Margaret Barrons and 
Eleanor Watts ). Joseph (married a McBride ). 
Mary (Mrs. John Work), Elizabeth (twin of 
Mary, died unmarried). Margaret (died un- 
married) and Hannah (Mrs. Peter Justice). 
Capt. John Brady, born 1733, died 1779, mar- 
ried Mary Quigley and had thirteen children. 
Samuel (married Miss Van Swearingen), 
James (killed by the Indians, unmarried), Wil- 
liam (died in infancy), John (married Jane 
McCall). Mary (wife of Capt. William Gray ). 
William P. (married Jane Cook), Gen. Hugh 
(married Sarah Wallis). Jane (twin of Hugh, 
died unmarried). Robert (married Mary 
Cook), Agnes (died in infancy). Hannah 
(married Maj. Robert Gray, no children), 
Joseph (died in infancy) and Liberty (wife 
of Maj. William Dewart. no children) ; Rev. 
Joseph, born about 1735, married Mary Car- 
nahan. and had Hugh ( married Keziah Cham- 
bers), Joseph (married Elizabeth Foster). 
Margaret ( Mrs. Brown), Mary (Mrs. Thomas 
McCune)? Hannah (Mrs. Joseph Duncan). 
Jane (Mrs. Paul Martin) and Elizabeth ( Mrs. 
James McKee) ; William, who married a Fer- 
guson, removed to Carolina in early times, and 
it is said he was killed by the Indians ; Hugh 
married Jane Young, and their children were 
James (married Rachel SDear), John (mar- 
ried Unice Deeher), Samuel (died unmarried). 
Joseph (died when four years old). Toseph 
(2) (married Barbara Ream). Mary 1 died un- 



married), Hannah (Mrs. Samuel McCune), 
Rebecca ( Mrs. Hugh McCune) and Jane 1 un- 
married ) ; Ebenezer married Jane Irvine and 
had a family of eight, Hugh, John. William, 
Ebenezer (all four lived in Indiana county. 
Pa.), Martha (Mrs. Daniel Shannon), Mary 
(Mrs. Daniel Bower), Drusilla 1 Mr-. William 
McCreight ) and Susan ( Mrs. William Thomp- 
som) ; James is next in line to Lewis Arm- 
strong Brady and is mentioned more fully 
below ; Mary married Samuel Hanna and had 
Joseph, Ebenezer, Samuel, Margaret and 
Elizabeth ; Margaret married Archibald Hanna 
and had Hugh, William, Mary and Hannah. 
The Hanna famikes removed early to Ohio or 
Kentucky and nothing is now known of them. 

Hugh Brady was a pewholder in the Middle 
Spring Presbyterian Church as early as 1754 
— a direct testimony to the religious habit of 
his life, also marked in his descendants. Five 
ministers of the gospel are found among his 
posterity. He and his wife are buried in the 
lower graveyard at Middle Spring, where the 
people of Hopewell organized a Presbyterian 
Church in 173S, and doubtless the Brady fam- 
ily were among its most loyal supporters. The 
old log building, 35 feet square, stood near the 
gate of the graveyard and on the bank of the 
stream, and the early settlers buried their dead 
around the building. The oldest stone bears 
date 1770. When the descendants of Hugh 
Brady visited this graveyard in 1909 they 
found one hundred and four marked graves 
and two thousand, unmarked. A wall of lime- 
stone was erected around this burial place prior 
to 1805. and is still in a good state of preserva- 
tion. The Bradys intend to erect a fitting 
memorial to their early ancestors in the old 
cemetery. Hugh Brady's farm was then 
( 1909) owned by Mr. and Mrs. Piper. It lies 
two miles south of the Blue or Kittochtinny 
mountains, and near Conodoguinet creek. 
Two hundred acres were granted to Hugh 
Brady in 1744 and 1745, and some years later 
two of his sons, Joseph and Hugh, came into 
possession of the western part of this grant, 
which they disposed of in 1794. The old log 
house stood within sight of the creek, and af- 
forded a secure hiding place from the Indians. 
The greater portion has long since gone to 
decav and has been supplanted by a frame 
dwelling house, but the living room remains 
unchanged, its low ceiling and small windows 
bearing testimony to the architecture of a 
hundred and fifty years ago. The southern 
wide quaint stone chimney, built by Hugh 
Brady, is also a relic of those early days. 

lames Bradv. son of Husji and Hannah 



126 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



(McCormick) Brady, married Rebecca Young, 
and we have the following record of their chil- 
dren : Lieut. John Brady, who died in 1S50, 
married Mrs. Margaret (McElheny) Thomp- 
son (he was a soldier in the war of 1812) ; 
Joseph died in 1861 (he was also a veteran of 
the war of 1812) ; Ebenezer lived in Indiana 
county; Samuel married Mrs. Anna (Barr) 
McPherson ; James Y. married Sarah Ricketts 
( their grandson James H. was governor of 
Idaho) ; Margaret was next in the family ; 
Jane married William McCall ; Hannah mar- 
ried John Wiggins. James Brady settled in 
Indiana county. Pa., in 1804, coming hither 
with his brother Samuel. The history of these 
two brothers is very closely connected. They 
settled in the same neighborhood in Mahoning 
township, which is that part of Indiana county 
taken from Lycoming county north of Penn's 
Purchase Line. Previous to their removal 
thither they lived in Wheatfield township, In- 
diana county. James Brady served in the 
Indian war prior to 1790 as captain, and after- 
wards drew a pension for his services. His 
son John was in the war of 1812, taking part 
in the actions at Oueenstown Heights, Lundy's 
Lane and Chippewa, and the records show that 
he drew a pension until his death. His son 
Joseph was also a soldier of the war of 1812. 
The brothers Samuel and James Brady, the 
former's son John and the latter's sons John 
and Joseph, are all buried in the old Gilgal 
cemetery in East Mahoning township, Indiana 
county. The first church was organized in 
that community in 1S06 as the Gilgal Presby- 
terian Church, and the church edifice was 
built on grounds donated by William P. Brady, 
on an elevation surrounded by a beautiful 
grove. Several generations of Bradys are 
buried in the adjoining cemetery. A Robert 
Brady was one of the three members of the 
building committee and one of the first trustees 
of the church. In later years some of the 
Bradys left the Gilgal Church and helped to 
organize what is now the United Presbyterian 
Church of Smyrna. The first schoolhouse es- 
tablished in Mahoning township was built by 
three families, the Van Horns. Bradys and 
Works, and was near the home of James 
Brady, Sr. It was built of logs, was 16 feet 
square, and had oiled paper windows. It is 
remarkable that although education had to be 
obtained under great disadvantages in the 
early days, there was never a member of the 
family who was illiterate. 

The Bradys were usually independent in 
politics and active in the affairs of their lo- 
cality, siding with whatever cause they con- 



sidered right. They have not sought office, 
but have been active in placing worthy people 
in official positions. In 1809 an election proc- 
lamation was issued calling on the freemen of 
Mahoning township to meet at the house of 
James Brady, Sr. His name is found on 
many road views. 

James Young Brady, son of James Brady, 
Sr., lived to> be eighty-five years old, and is 
buried in Gilgal cemetery in East Mahoning 
township, Indiana Ct)., Pa. On Feb. 24, 1814, 
he married Sarah Ricketts, a native of Hunt- 
ingdon county, Pa., and they settled on a 
farm in what was then Mahoning township, 
Indiana county. James Y. Brady held the 
office of justice of the peace there for forty- 
three years; after he had served a little more 
than forty years the Legislature passed a spe- 
cial act authorizing him to act for two years 
more. He was so thoroughly in the confidence 
of all who knew him that he was called upon 
to settle many estates, and he made many legal 
conveyances. Ten children were born to his 
marriage with Sarah Ricketts, namely: An- 
drew Jackson is mentioned below ; John, born 
Tulv 10, 1816, married Catherine Lee, and died 
Aug. 3, 1901 (they had a family of twelve 
children) ; Mary Jane, born Feb. 12, 1820, 
married Robert Chambers, and died at Punx- 
sutawney, Pa., a widow; Julian, born June 21, 
1822, married Dr. Thomas Stewart, whom she 
survived; James Cook, born Dec. 23. 1825. 
married Elizabeth Patterson, and died at Fort 
Worth. Texas; Oliver, born July 15, 1827, 
married Margaret Long, and died aged seven- 
ty-eight years; Evaline Barton, born Oct. 10, 
1829, married Samuel T. Means, and lived 
near Frostburg, Jefferson Co., Pa. ; William 
Wallace, born Nov. 25, 183 1, married a Miss 
Bryan, of Tennessee, and settled in Wise 
county, Texas; George W., born July 17, 
T833, resides at Home, Pa. ; Silas Wright, born 
Tuly 24, 1836, married Lucinda Hastings and 
(second) Mary Casper. 

Andrew Jackson Brady was born Feb. 3. 
1815, in Mahoning township and died in Brook- 
ville. Pa.. Nov. if">. 1885. He remained on the 
farm where he was born until he reached man- 
hood. Fie learned the trade of carpenter and 
cabinetmaker, and in 1840 came to Pinecreek 
township, Jefferson county, to build a house 
for John Long. He remained a year or two. 
following his trade in the summer season and 
teaching school during the winter, one of the 
schools he taught being the Moore school, near 
Emerickville. Marrying early in 1842, he re- 
turned to Indiana county and settled down to 
farming. The young couple had a struggle 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



127 



at first to make ends meet, but they were strong 
and industrious, and Mrs. Brady not only did 
her housework during the first few years- but 
also helped her husband with the farm labor, 
taking her baby with her to the field and plac- 
ing the cradle in the shade of a tree while she 
followed his plow, setting up the corn or help- 
ing to put up the hay. After the first two years 
they could afford to hire a hand, which enabled 
Mrs. Rrady to give all her time to the house 
But she and her husband never looked back to 
those days with remembrances of anything but 
their happiness in their prospects and the joy 
they found in mutual helpfulness. About 1848 
Mr. Brady sold his farm in Indiana county and 
came back to Jefferson county. The next year, 
in partnership with Samuel Findley, he bought 
a fleet of boards which they ran to Cincinnati, 
where they sold them. In 1850 he and his 
brother-in-law, Irvin Long, bought the Port 
Barnett mill property, and besides operating 
the mills Mr. Brady kept the old Barnett hotel. 
In 1852 he sold the Port Barnett property to 
Jacob Kroh, Sr., and moved to Brookville, 
purchasing the house at the corner of Mill and 
Main streets where he resided until 1857, at 
which time he bought the property on Mill 
street where his family continued to live for 
many years after his death. It is now owned 
and occupied by Frank Swartzlander. Mr. 
Brady became one of the best known men in 
Jefferson county, and was well connected in 
business, being one of the most successful local 
lumber and real estate operators. In the for- 
mer line he was the senior partner in the firm 
of Brady & Long, and the Blaine mill and the 
lumber business carried on with it were con- 
tinued under the firm name long after his de- 
cease. His lumber operations on Red Bank 
creek were extensive and valuable, and he ac- 
cumulated much valuable real estate, being 
prosperous in every sense of the word. His 
reputation for integrity as well as good judg- 
ment was such that he was solicited to handle 
the affairs of others frequently, and in 1867 
he made a trip to England in the interest of the 
heirs of William Robinson, leaving New York- 
Sept. 23d and returning home in the latter 
part of November. For years he filled the 
position of justice of the peace in Brookville, 
and he was elected to the office of assessor 
again and again. He was chosen as guardian 
for a large number of orphaned children, and 
his interest in their welfare was sincere and 
lasting, for he had deep sympathies and a 
generous nature whose concern extended to 
all bis friends without reserve. 

On March 3, 1842, Mr. Brady married 



Susanna Catherine Long, daughter of John 
Long, and eleven children were born to them : 
Hezekiah E., Sarah Elizabeth, Margaret Al- 
vira, Mary Alzaide, Nora Adelphia, Harry 
Grant and Walter Zeigler died young, Mar- 
garet dying when four years old, the rest in 
infancy. Lewis Armstrong, born Feb. 6, 1845, 
is the eldest of the survivors ; Minerva J. mar- 
ried John Matson Jr., and made her home in 
Brookville for several years, but moved to 
Salem, Oregon, and died there June 6, 1897 
(she is buried in the Brookville cemetery) ; 
Milton Seymour also married and settled in 
Brookville ; Gertrude remained with her 
mother at the homestead in Brookville, and 
after her mother's death married James Mat- 
son of Shehalis, Oregon, where they are 
buried. Mrs. Brady, the mother, born Sept. 
30. 1825, died May 7, 1892. All the family 
were given good educational advantages. The 
sacrifices the Bradys have always been ready 
to make for educational and religious privi- 
leges are well typified in an incident in the 
early married life of Mr. and Mrs. Andrew 
Jackson Brady. Money was very scarce in 
those days, and books were a luxury often un- 
obtainable. Mrs. Brady had no Bible when 
she came to her new home, and being accus- 
tomed to its daily use felt the deprivation very 
keenly. As soon as she had the opportunity 
she purcbased one. which is still owned in the 
family, and which contains many valuable 
family records, although she had to pay out the 
last money in her possession to buy it. It was 
the only time she had to part with her last cent, 
but she did so willingly rather than go without 
a Bible. 

Lewis Armstrong Brady, son of Andrew 
Jackson Brady, was born Feb. 6, 1845. He en- 
joyed excellent advantages in his boyhood for 
the times, and has led a useful, honorable life, 
allying himself with the best interests of the 
community and taking an active part in its 
development along modern lines. For twenty 
years he was engaged in the hardware business 
at DuBois and Brookville. ranking among the 
most substantial commercial men, and he is 
now living in retirement and in the enjoyment 
of the highest respect of all his townsmen. 

On June 5, 1878, Mr. Brady was married to 
Lovisa W. Corbet, of Brookville, Pa., daughter 
of W. W. and Elizabeth A. Corbet, of Brook- 
ville. Four children have been born to them : 
Burk Corbet, the only son, after taking a course 
in the Brookville high school (from which he 
graduated with first honors), entered Penn- 
sylvania State College and was one of the first 
honor men when graduated from that institu- 



128 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



tion ; then he became a student in the scientific 
department of Cornell University, where he 
took a course in blacksmithing, intending to 
fit himself for mining engineering; he died in 
Parral, Mexico, when twenty-two years old. 
Myrta married Marlin G. Reed and has three 
children. Ruth C, George L. and Robert Ray- 
mond. Helen Gordon has been employed in 
the old Bank of Pittsburgh (Pa.) for five 
years. Carrie L. lives at home. 

Mention has been made above of the large 
representation of the Brady family in the 
Union army during the Civil war. At least 
forty-four descendants of Hugh Brady were in 
that conflict. The first company to leave the 
northern part of Indiana county for the front 
was Company A, of the 6ist Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers, and included eight of Hugh Brady's 
posterity, and six of these were killed or 
wounded. On the call for volunteers for the 
Spanish-American war there were four de- 
scendants of Samuel and James Brady in the 
company that went from Indiana county, and 
three others went from other States. 

There are four families now living in Brook- 
ville who are descendants of Hugh Brady, viz. : 
The family of H. Brady Craig, who is en- 
gaged in business in the borough as a furniture 
dealer on East Main street ; the family of 
James I. Brady, of whom mention is made else- 
where in this work; Robert Brady's family; 
and the family of Lewis Armstrong Brady. 

CHARLES II. 1RYIX, of Big Run, is asso- 
ciated with his brother. Benjamin W. Irvin. 
in the management of the various Irvin inter- 
ests at that point, whose prosperity has prac- 
tically been the measure of that of the town 
and surrounding country. The Irvin tanner)' 
and allied enterprises are among the most ambi- 
tious business ventures of Jefferson county. A 
mere outline of the industries which the mem- 
bers of this family have originated or fostered 
would be sufficient to convey a proper idea of 
how great a part their activities have played 
in the growth of Big Run. The friendly feel- 
ing of its citizens toward them is, however, not 
based entirely on the magnitude of their oper- 
ations, but more because of the broad spirit 
which has been evidenced in all their dealings 
with their employes, a willingness to be fair, 
just and liberal which has won popularity on 
the best of terms. 

William Irvin. late of Big Run. and the 
moving spirit in the founding of the big tan- 
nery which has meant so much in the develop- 
ment of its business life, was born in 1835 m 
Lehigh county. Pa., where his father. Benjamin 



Irvin, was then residing. The latter, also a 
native of Pennsylvania, followed the occupa- 
tion of collier until 1848, and was subsequently 
engaged in agricultural pursuits, purchasing a 
farm in Tioga county, this State, upon which 
he remained until his death, in 1892. Of his 
large family, seven sons served on the Union 
side during the Civil war, one in the rank of 
captain. '1 wo lost their lives in that war. 

William Irvin had only ordinary common 
school advantages, for he began work at the 
age of fourteen years, in the lumber woods. 
During the period of his youth it was cus- 
tomary for boys to turn their earnings over to 
their parents until they reached their majority, 
and wishing to start out on his own account 
when he was nineteen years old, young Irvin 
bought the remainder of his "time" from his 
father for two hundred dollars, which he paid 
as he was able. He was one of the seven sons 
who entered the army during the Civil war, 
enlisting from Tioga county in Company D, 
106th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, and 
serving for three years. He was in most of 
the important actions in which his regiment 
was engaged, and was three times wounded, at 
Savage Station, on the Peninsula, receiving a 
buckshot wound which disabled him for a short 
time ; in the battle of the Wilderness he was 
seriously wounded in the left shoulder, and he 
also received a flesh wound in the hip at the 
Wilderness. He was a non-commissioned offi- 
cer, serving as orderly and sergeant. 

Returning to Pennsylvania upon the comple- 
tion of his military duties. Mr. Irvin became 
engaged in tanning in Tioga county, where he 
remained for six years, until he and his 
brother-in-law, Leroy R. Gleason, formed a 
partnership and erected a small tannery at Can- 
ton. Pa. It prospered so well that after sell- 
ing his interest in it Mr. Irvin was encouraged 
to build another, in 1881, at North Bend, Clin- 
ton Co.. Pa., at which location he was estab- 
lished for six years. Thinking he would like 
to retire he sold and moved to Williamsport, 
Pa., but he soon became uneasy and desirous 
of starting up again, and after considerable 
deliberation he decided upon Big Run as a suit- 
able location, fie had had offers from differ- 
ent towns presenting business advantages, but 
refused them and bought at this borough in 
1887, beginning business operations at his new 
plant in August, 1888. At that time he took 
his eldest son, Charles H. Irvin. into partner- 
ship, and the latter has continued his associa- 
tion with the business without interruption 
since, the father being chief manager until his 
death, which occurred Feb. t. iqoi. when he 





-t-zst^/ 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



129 



was sixty-six years old. The son has been in 
charge since. 

Nothing could show more clearly the changes 
brought about by the deforestation of this sec- 
tion of Pennsylvania than the differences it has 
caused in the operation of the tanning plant. 
Big Run was chosen for the site because of its 
proximity to the bark production, the local out- 
put having been used exclusively at the begin- 
ning, whereas now it constitutes only fifteen 
per cent of what is required. However, in 
spite of the fact that so much material must 
now be brought in, to say nothing of the in- 
convenience of buying outside of the neighbor- 
hood, the concern has been in profitable oper- 
ation. Sole leather has been the only output 
since the tannery was started. The company 
secures large supplies of hides from the West, 
and many from South America, importing also 
much of the material required in the tanning 
processes at present. The annual business now 
amounts to four and a half million pounds of 
green hides, with a production of eighty per 
cent through the up-to-date methods which pre- 
vail all over the plant; formerly it ran from 
sixty-five to sixty-eight per cent. The plant 
has been enlarged to meet increased demands, 
the capacity having been tripled since it was 
opened — from a daily output of thirty-nine 
hundred pounds to fourteen thousand. The 
original investment of seventy-five thousand 
dollars has been raised to five hundred thou- 
sand dollars, including the value of the stock 
ordinarily carried. The output of the William 
Irvin Company, under which name the tannery- 
has been operated since 1888, is known as 
Union Crop sole leather, and is used exclusively 
by the Sole Cutting Company, of Lynn, Mass., 
in which the Irvins are also interested, having 
formed this advantageous connection as a de- 
sirable means of marketing the tannery prod- 
uct. Shoe manufacturers now buy soles 
already cut. The William Irvin Company also 
operates a 230-acre farm near the tannery, and 
Charles H. and Benjamin W. Irvin have other 
valuable interests in this section. William 
Irvin owned a timber tract of fifteen hundred 
acres, situated in Bell township, Clearfield Co., 
Pa., and Gaskill township, Jefferson county, 
which wa.s not cut until after his death. Thirty 
men were originally employed at the tannery, 
but the working force now numbers sixty-five 
— half of all the male employes at Big Run. 
with a monthly payroll of forty-five hundred 
dollars. At Christmas, 1015, the men received 
a five per cent addition to their wages, and in 
1916 an increase of ten per cent was granted. 



The operation of the plant requires about six 
thousand dollars' worth of coal monthly. 

To return to Mr. William Irvin, the principal 
founder of this great industry, it was typical 
of him that he should be an ardent Prohibi- 
tionist, important public questions being of the 
greatest interest to him. However, he cared 
nothing for public life, or for the honors of 
office. Fraternally he affiliated with the Masons, 
the Odd Fellows and the Grand Army of the 
Republic, and he was an elder in the Christian 
Church, to which his wife and children be- 
longed. In 1865, soon after the war closed, he 
married Mary C. Veil, daughter of the late 
Judge C. F. Veil, an old tanner at Liberty, Pa., 
and one of the leading citizens of Tioga county. 
He had learned his trade in Germany, and was 
a typical thorough workman of the old school, 
skilled in all branches of his calling. Mr. and 
Mrs. Irvin were married at Liberty. They be- 
came the parents of seven children : One daugh- 
ter died in infancy ; Charles H. is mentioned 
fully later; Emma married Elmer Dittmar, a 
furniture manufacturer of Williamsport, Pa. ; 
Ida lives at home ; Jennie is the wife of James 
G. Hayes, of Rome, N. Y. ; Benjamin W. is a 
prominent resident of Big Run ; Nellie died in 
1914. The mother died in 1915 at the age of 
seventy-three years. 

Charles H. Irvin was born in 1866 at Lib- 
erty, Tioga Co., Pa., and had excellent educa- 
tional advantages, beginning in the public 
schools of Canton, Pa., and later attending 
Bethany College, in West Virginia. His father 
being anxious for his assistance and cooper- 
ation in business, he did not complete a college 
course, and when the big tannery at Big Run 
was started in 1888 it was under the proprietor- 
ship of William Irvin & Son, with Charles H. 
Irvin as junior partner. The present firm 
style was adopted in 1901, after William Irvin's 
death. Charles H. Irvin now devotes a large 
share of his time to the management, his prin- 
cipal interest being still in that establishment, 
though he has formed other connections of 
vital importance to its success and to the ad- 
vancement of Big Run, chief among his local 
concerns being his association with the Citi- 
zens' National Bank, of which hh is president. 

The Citizens' National Bank of Big Run was 
founded originally in i8qo as the Citizens' 
Bank, with a capital of thirty-one thousand 
dollars. William Irvin was president, Adam 
Ar iller vice president, and Silas Swartz cashier. 
Mr. Trvin continued to fill the office of pres- 
ident for five vears, being succeeded by Dr. A. 
P. Cox. On Oct. 29, icjoo, the institution was 
incorporated as the Citizens' National Bank, 



130 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



with a capital of thirty-five thousand dollars, 
beginning business as such heb. I, 1901. G. 
W. Miller then became president, holding the 
position until 1912, when he was succeeded in 
that office by Charles H. Irvin. Air. Miller 
has since been second vice president and one 
of the directors, with J. M. McClure as first 
vice president. About 1895 J. A. Miller became 
cashier of the bank, being succeeded by G. C. 
Bowers, the present cashier, Aug. 15, 1902. 
The board of directors consists of C. H. Irvin, 
G. W. Miller, August Weber, Fred Lott, Jacob 
Bucheit, J. M. McClure and W. C. Newcome. 
The deposits have increased from one hundred 
and fifty thousand dollars in 1901 to over three 
hundred and fifty thousand dollars (Septem- 
ber, 1916), and all of the business of the bank 
is upon a sound basis, making the institution 
worthy of the confidence of the townspeople 
and neighboring patrons. The bank has oc- 
cupied its own building since 1892, the prop- 
erty, with furniture and fixtures, being valued 
at eight thousand dollars. 

The Irvin brothers have each erected a fine 
home in the borough, and in other ways have 
shown commendable public spirit and interest 
in its welfare. They are Prohibitionists in 
political sympathy, and always ready to advo- 
cate and encourage all movements of sound 
character designed to improve the condition of 
mankind and elevate standards of living and 
morality. 

In 1892 Charles H. Irvin married Fannie V. 
Williams, of Indiana, Pa., daughter of the late 
Philip A. Williams. She had normal school 
training, and was a teacher at Big Run before 
her marriage. Four children, William P., 
Helen B., Mary L. and Frances V., have been 
born to this union. Mr. and Mrs. Irvin are 
active members of the church at Big Run. 
Socially he is a Mason and a Shriner. 

Mr. Irvin's favorite recreation is hunting, 
and his home is adorned witli many fine 
mounted specimens of moose, caribou, elk, 
mountain sheep, mountain goat, etc., taken in 
his expeditions into New Brunswick, New- 
foundland. Wyoming and other sections where 
big game may be found. However, he has not 
yet satisfied his ambition to capture a grizzly 
bear, and is planning an Alaskan trip for the 
purpose. 

Benjamin W. Irvin, younger son of Wil- 
liam Irvin, was bom Oct. 30, 1883, in North 
Bend, Clinton Co., Pa., and like his brother 
obtained his education in the public schools 
and at Bethany College, near Wellsburg, W. 
Va. He has been associated with his brother in 
business since the father's death, they having 



joint interests in the tannery and leather busi- 
ness. He married May Bowers, of Big Run, 
and they have four children, Merl, Benjamin, 
Robert, and an infant unnamed. 

JACOB A. WALTER. M. D., of Punxsu- 
tawney, is one of the leading medical practi- 
tioners in Jefferson county in his particular 
field, which he has limited for a number of 
years to treatment of diseases of the eye, ear, 
nose and throat. His circle of patrons has be- 
come so large that he has practically given up 
making calls upon them, his time being amply 
occupied with office practice — the most satis- 
factory where special appliances are so often 
necessary for careful diagnosis and treatment. 
His conscientious work in the lines he has 
chosen has helped to advance the profession 
as well as benefit his patients, and he is highly 
regarded by his fellow physicians in the county 
for his earnest cooperation with them in pro- 
moting hygienic conditions generally. 

Dr. Walter is a native of York township, 
York Co., Pa., born in i860, son of John and 
Rebecca (Stump) Walter, the latter deceased 
in 1891. The father followed farming 
throughout his active years, and died in 1900 
at the old place in York township where all his 
life had been passed, and which property has 
been in the Walter family continually since 
1 77 1, when taken up by an early ancestor. 
Both of the Doctor's parents were born in 
Pennsylvania. 

Jacob A. Walter received his early education 
in the public schools of the home locality and 
at the old York County Academy then taught 
by Prof. George R. Prowell. This institution 
was organized in 1787 and prepared students 
for teaching, also offering preparatory course 
for literary college. Dr. Walter improved his 
opportunities so well that he was engaged as a 
teacher during his young manhood, for eight 
years following the profession which has been 
the stepping stone to so many to other profes- 
sions. Meantime, in the year 1882, he began 
the study of medicine with Dr. O. C. Bricklev, 
of York, Pa., continuing it in connection with 
teaching for the next three years. Then he 
matriculated at Hahnemann Medical College, 
Philadelphia, from which institution he was 
graduated in 1887. During the nine months 
succeeding his graduation he was in the office 
of Dr. W. Van Vleet at Renovo, Pa., coming 
thence to Punxsutawnev, where he began in- 
dependent practice. But he was not yet satis- 
fied with his preparation, and after only six 
months' practice he went to New York for 
post-graduate study, also taking a special 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



131 



course in the treatment of eye, ear, nose and 
throat diseases. In September, 1889, he re- 
turned to Punxsutawney and resumed practice, 
doing general work for a number of years. 
But his chief interest was always along the 
line of his specialty, and his studies were di- 
rected principally toward perfection in that 
branch, until gradually he came to devote all 
his time to that class of ailments, feeling him- 
self better qualified for their care and by con- 
stant practice becoming expert in diagnosis of 
such cases. Dr. Walter belongs to the Homeo- 
pathic Medical Society of Central Pennsyl- 
vania, to the Pennsylvania State Homeopathic 
Society, and to the Jefferson County Medical 
Society. His professional and private expe- 
rience has long held him in the ranks of the 
Prohibition party, though he has not mixed in 
politics in any way, finding his time and ener- 
gies fully taken up with his profession. How- 
ever, he has never failed in the duties of good 
citizenship, to which he always endeavors to 
be faithful, whether they appear in the line of 
his daily work or in other activities which 
need his encouragement and support. He is 
one of the most influential residents of the 
borough where his life work and interests have 
centered for a quarter of a century or more. 

In 1892 Dr. Walter married Florence Con- 
dron, of Smicksburg, Pa., and they have three 
daughters. Eleanor Dally, Olive Florence and 
Elizabeth Van Horn. Dr. and Mrs. Walter are 
members of the English Lutheran Church. 
Socially he holds membership in the Odd Fel- 
lows and Knights of the Maccabees. 

BANKS W. FETZER is a substantial busi- 
ness man of Brookville, where as a member 
of the firm of Fetzer Brothers he is carrying 
on one of the old reliable establishments which 
have a leading place in the commercial circles 
of the town. His father. William K. Fetzer, 
original owner of the hardware store now 
owned and operated by his sons, settled at 
Brookville in 1883; his earlier ancestors lived 
in Clarion county, the family being an old one 
in Pennsylvania. 

Isaac Fetzer, the great-grandfather of 
Banks W. Fetzer. was a pioneer resident of 
Clarion county, where he owned a farm which 
has remained in the possession of the family 
continuously since. He married Susan 
Frampton. Thev spent their days on this 
propertv and died there. 

Isaiah Fe f zer, son of Isaac and Susan 
( Frampton ) Fetzer. was reared at the parental 
homestead in Clarion countv and in time pur- 
chased it, passing all his life on that place. 



where his death occurred when he was seventy- 
six years old. He was a man of diligent 
habits and sterling moral character, one of 
the most respected citizens of his neighbor- 
hood. Sarah Jack, of Clarion county, became 
his wife and died on the home farm. They 
were the parents of the following children : ' 
Frank I'. ; William K. ; Ella, now the widow of 
William Love ; Sarah ; John A., who now owns 
the old homestead ; Isaac L. : and Xora, wife of 
Rev. P. F. DeLancy, a Baptist minister, of 
Meadville. Pennsylvania. 

William K. Fetzer was born Oct. 23, 1853, 
in Clarion county, and grew to manhood on 
l he old Fetzer farm, meantime enjoying such 
educational advantages as the locality afforded. 
Farm work was naturally his first occupation, 
and he was thoroughly trained for it, but his 
inclinations were mechanical, and when twenty- 
five years old he went to work as a tool dresser, 
following that employment in the oil fields of 
Bradford and McKean counties for a period 
of eighteen months. Subsequently he was with 
J. II. Wilson, dealer in buggies and carriages, 
in Clarion county, this association continuing 
until 1887, when Mr. Fetzer engaged in that 
line on his own account, giving a large share 
of his time to it for twenty-two years. He 
had located at Brookville in 1883, and in 1887 
entered the hardware trade in that borough, 
remaining twenty-two years in that business 
also, until he sold out to his eldest son, Banks 
W. Fetzer. Though not now maintaining any 
active business associations. Mr. Fetzer re- 
tains valuable interests in and is a director of 
the Brookville Manufacturing Company, an 
important local concern engaged in the produc- 
tion of wagons, etc. During his long expe- 
rience as a merchant in Brookville he acquired 
a reputation for honorable transactions which 
stamped him as one of the creditable men of 
the borough and county, and his intelligent in- 
terest in matters of general importance to the . 
community earned him a place among the 
public-spirited element on whom the progress 
and betterment of society depend. Mr. Fetzer 
married Clara A. McCrackin. daughter of the 
late John and Fannie (Reily) McCrackin, and 
two sons were born to them. Banks W. and 
Fred W. They make up the firm of Fet- 
zer Brothers and conduct the business so long 
operated by their father. Fred W. Fetzer 
married Mabel Lucas, daughter of William H. 
Lucas, of Brookville. 

Banks W. Fetzer was born April 25, 1885, 
a' Brookville. where he has spent all his life. 
In his youth he had the best advantages offered 
by the public schools of the borough, taking a 



132 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



higher course of study at the Indiana (Pa.) 
Normal School. Then he joined his father, 
continuing in his employ until the year 1907, 
when he purchased the business, to the develop- 
ment of which his energies have since been 
devoted. He was sole owner until 1910, when 
his brother was admitted to partnership, and 
they have cooperated in living up to the old 
standards for which the house has been no.ed 
and in setting new records in every depart- 
ment. The store is thoroughly up-to-date in 
arrangement and equipment, and the stock will 
bear comparison with any other in this part 
of Jefferson county, being comprehensive, 
selected with good judgment, and kept in the 
most orderly fashion, saving time and trouble 
in tilling orders and affording special conve- 
nience to customers in choosing goods. Be- 
sides a line of general hardware, Fetzer 
Brothers handle sewer pipe and cement, field 
seed, salt, and other commodities in demand 
among their patrons; they also deal in buggies 
and harness, and carry a full line of automobile 
accessories. In fact, their businesslike service 
to patrons is recognized and appreciated by 
a readily increasing circle of customers whose 
confidence has been won by discriminating 
treatment. 

Banks \Y. Fetzer is a typical member of 
the family when it comes to personal worth. 
He is a Mason, belonging to the home bodies. 
Hobah Lodge, No. 276. F. & A. M., and Jef- 
ferson Chapter, No. 22^, R. A. M. ; as well as 
Bethany Commanderv. No. 83, of Dubois, and 
Jaffa Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., of Altoona, 
1'a. lie married Lyla Scott, daughter of H. 
J. Scott, of Brookville, and they have one 
daughter, Marjorie Louise. 

THOMAS A. MAYES has been a resident 
of Jefferson county since early youth and 
achieved success through his active identifica- 
tion with farming and other business enter- 
prises, the while he has retained a place in 
popular confidence and good will, as evidenced 
by the fact that in 191 1 he was elected sheriff 
ut the county. In this important office he 
gave a most effective and satisfactory admin- 
istration and it is pleasing to record that upon 
his retirement therefrom Jan. 3. 1916, he was 
succeeded by his only son, who is the present 
incumbent of the shrievalty and retains his 
father as deputy sheriff. 

Thomas A. Mayes is a scion of a family 
whose name has been worthily linked with 
I 'ennsylvania history for many years and was 
born in Sewickley township, Westmoreland 
county, on the 31st of December, 1854, his pa- 



ternal grandparents having long been well 
known citizens of that county, where they con- 
tinued to reside until their death. Charles A. 
Mayes, father of Thomas A., was born in 
Westmoreland county in 1823, and was reared 
to manhood on the pioneer farm of his father. 
In his native county he continued agricultural 
pursuits until 1870, when he came with his 
family to Jefferson county, where he pur- 
chased a farm in Warsaw township. On the 
land was an appreciable amount of valuable 
timber, and in connection with farming he en- 
gaged to a certain extent in lumbering ; but he 
was no*, long permitted to continue effective la- 
bors in the new home, for he was summoned to 
the life eternal in 1872, his remains being laid 
to rest in the Temple Cemetery, Warsaw town- 
ship. In his native county he had served in 
the offices of constable and school director, 
gh ing effective service. His political affilia- 
tion was with the Republican party, and both 
he and wife were zealous members of the 
United Presbyterian Church. They were folk 
of strong mentality and sterling character, 
worthy of the high esteem in which they were 
uniformly held. 

As a young man Charles A. Mayes wedded 
Sarah Jane Graham, who was born in Derry 
township, Westmoreland county, in 1827, and 
survived him by nearly forty years, her death 
having occurred in Warsaw township in 191 1, 
and her remains being interred beside those 
of the husband of her youth. Of the children 
the eldest was Samuel, who, at the age of 
eighteen years, went forth as a gallant young 
soldier in the Civil war. He enlisted in the 
155th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry and 
sacrificed his life on the field of conflict; he 
was killed while participating in the battle of 
Gettysburg. Deborah ( Debbie) is the widow 
of Simon Shaffer, who was a substantial 
farmer of Jefferson county; she nows main- 
tains her home at Ridgway, Elk county. 
Martha, who died in New Kensington, Pa., 
was the wife of O. C. Fritchman, who now 
resides at Hazen, Jefferson county. Joseph, 
who became prominent as a lumberman and 
real estate dealer, was a resident of McKees 
Rocks. Allegheny county, at the time of his 
death, his remains resting in the family plot 
in Temple cemetery. Jefferson county, and his 
widow being still a resident of McKees Rocks. 
Hasson C. is a prosperous farmer of Warsaw 
township and served from 1912 to 1916 as su- 
perintendent of the County Home. Louisa 
died at the age of twenty-five years and is 
interred in Temple cemetery. Thomas A. is 
the next. Tohn G. is a merchant and farmer 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



133 



in Warsaw township. Richard is an electrician 
and resides at Ridgway, Elk county. Ella, 
deceased, was the wife of Eugene Moore, of 
Brookville. 

Thomas A. Mayes gained his rudimentary 
education in the schools of Westmoreland 
county and was about sixteen at the time of the 
family removal to Jefferson county, where he 
continued his school work and also became 
actively identified with his father's farming 
and lumbering operations. After the death 
of his honored father he remained on the 
home farm until he attained his majority, then 
purchased a tract of timber land in Warsaw 
township on which he began farming. He 
reclaimed the major part of the land and from 
the timber he added materially to his financial 
resources. It may well be understood that this 
period in his career was marked by arduous 
toil and endeavor, but he found reward in the 
development of one of the valuable and pro- 
ductive farms of the county. On the farm he 
planted an orchard, which is now one of the 
best in the county ; the old homestead, on 
which he resided for forty years, is situated 
near the village of Hazen. 

Energy, enterprise and good judgment char- 
acterized the career of Mr. Mayes, and it is 
notable that after he had effected the clearing 
of his farm he amplified his activities in the 
buying and selling of live stock, in which field 
he built up a substantial and prosperous busi- 
ness. On his farm he finally erected a well 
equipped cold storage plant, did general 
butchering and developed a large business. 

Since early manhood Mr. Mayes has shown 
a lively and intelligent interest in community 
affairs, and his influence and cooperation have 
been given in support of measures and enter- 
prises tending to advance the general welfare. 
He has been active in the local councils of the 
Republican partv, and in 191 1 came popular 
recognition of his eligibilitv when he was elec- 
ted sheriff of the county by a majority exceed- 
ing that of any predecessor. Upon assuming 
this office he removed from the farm to Brook- 
ville, his present home. With characteristic 
zeal and fidelity he discharged the duties of 
sheriff until Jan. 3. 1916. when he was suc- 
ceeded by his only son. whom he serves as 
depu'y and gives the aid that previous expe- 
rience makes possible. 

For more than a score of years Mr. Mayes 
has been in active affiliation with the Patriotic 
Order Sons of America, and also holds mem- 
bership in the I. O. O. F.. I. O. R. M.. Loyal 
Order of Moose, and Union Grange. 

In the year 1874 was solemnized the mar- 



riage of Mr. Mayes to Annie E. Yasbinder, 
who was born and reared in Jefferson county, 
a daughter of the late T. M. Vasbinder, a 
representative farmer of Warsaw township. 
Mr. and Mrs. Mayes have but one son, Marvin 
G., who was born Dec. I. 1878, and who, as 
already noted, succeeded his father in the office 
of sheriff. Bertha, the elder of the two daugh- 
ters, was born in 1887 and is the wife of Wil- 
liam Michael, a prosperous farmer in War- 
saw township, their children being Thomas 
G. and Harry W. Catherine, the younger 
daughter, was born in 1896, and is the wife of 
Kan Ross, of Beechw r oods, Jefferson county, 
their one child being Bernice M. 

Marvin G. Mayes is indebted to the public 
schools for his educational discipline and 
earl} aided in the work of the home farm. In 
1902 he engaged in general merchandising at 
Kingsville, Clarion county, where he success- 
fully continued until 1909. In the following 
year he purchased a general store at Allen's 
Mills. Jefferson county, but disposed of it six 
months later. For the ensuing three years he 
was associated with the management of his 
father's farm, and from 1912 to 1915 he served 
as deputy sheriff under the administration of 
his father. He was then elected sheriff and 
the popular estimate that he is winning shows 
the efficiency of his administration. He is 
affiliated with the I. O. O. F. and Loyal Order 
nf Moose and he has a wide circle of friends 
in the county. 

SYLVESTER DAVIS has led an active 
life, being well known in his section of Jeffer- 
son county through his dealings as farmer, 
merchant and lumberman. His interests have 
been mainly in Polk and Warsaw townships, 
his home and store having been for years at 
Schoffners Corners (post office Munderf 1, and 
there are few local interests which have not 
felt the effect of his influence, for he has 
been a broadminded citizen, ready with his 
support for any good cause. Mr. Davis is a 
native of the county, born May 17, 1840, in 
Clover township, at Summerville. son of Oth- 
niel and Anna (Hetrick) Davis. The father 
came to Jefferson county in young manhood. 
and his parents followed him to this section, 
spending their latter years here with their 
sons ( Jthniel and Jackson, who lived near 
Mount Pleasant, south of Brookville. 

Levi Davis, grandfather of Sylvester Davis, 
was born April 24. 1776, and died Sept. 6. 1842, 
aged sixty-six years. On March 22, 1802, 
he married Phebe Irons, who was born April 
18, 1772, and died March 10. 1852, near the 



134 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



close of her eightieth year. Her father, who 
was an early settler in New Jersey, served 
seven years in the Revolutionary war. 

Othniel Davis, son of Levi and Phebe Davis, 
was horn Sept. 20, 1812, in McKean county, 
P'a., and came to Jefferson county when a 
young man. On July 31, 1839, he was 
married, at Troy (now Summerville), to Anna 
Hetrick, the ceremony taking place at the 
home of her sister, Mrs. Darius Carrier, with 
whom she had been living. Mrs. Davis was 
born March 22. 1S22, daughter of Frederick 
Hetrick. who was the second settler in what is 
now Polk township, coming in 1838, when 
there were nothing but hunters' trails to mark 
the way through the wilderness. Mr. Hetrick 
was one of the prominent men of his day in 
that locality. Mr. Davis had met his wife at 
Summerville, and they continued to reside 
there for several years, during which he was 
engaged as a teamster, as well as in other work. 
From there he removed to the Carrier farm at 
Brookville, upon which he remained as a 
tenant for a few years, until he bought and 
moved to the Curtis farm near Summerville. 
After that he lived successively at Heathville 
and Puckerty, this county, having bought 240 
acres on the left bank of Red Bank creek, upon 
which he lumbered, clearing and improving 
this tract, which he eventually sold to George 
Ah- \ninch. About 1856 he removed to Polk 
township, living for a year on his father-in- 
law's farm at Greenbriar, and then buying the 
present home place of James Smith in that 
township, upon which he made his home for 
twenty years. Meantime he improved it, mak- 
ing a valuable farm property by his various 
operations and the erection of suitable build- 
ings. There was only an old log house on the 
land when it came into his possession, but it 
was in excellent condition in every way when 
he left it and sold out, removing two miles 
away, to Munderf, where he purchased the 
farm upon which his grandson, Ambrose 
Davis, now lives. Selling that place he re- 
moved to "Egypt," in Warsaw township, 
locating on a place for which he had traded 
two other farms. There he spent his old age, 
living to be eighty-two years old, and bis 
widow shared her last years with her children, 
dying at the home of her youngest son, Esick 
Davis, in Polk township. They were the 
parents of eight children: Sylvester; Darius, 
who died in young manhood; Thomas, of 
Reynoldsville ; Erastus, who went to Nebraska, 
where he died; Herbert, a farmer on his 
father's old home in "Egypt"; David, an M. E. 
preacher, at Lucedale, Miss. ; Esick, who farms 



in Polk township, two miles west of Munderf ; 
and Ida Ursula, wife of John Bell, living in 
Lakin, Kansas. 

Sylvester Davis remained at home until he 
reached his majority, helping to clear up the 
farm and working in the woods, cutting and 
hauling timber, making rafts, and running the 
rivers in the springtime. He was in the employ 
of the principal operators, and until he was 
twenty-one turned his wages over to his father, 
as many a dutiful son did in that day. Then 
he began to work for Enoch Hall, hauling 
goods from the mouth of the Mahoning to 
Brookville, where Mr. Hall had a store, and 
also to a lumber camp near Shadagee ( now- 
called Knoxdale). After a year with Mr. Hall 
he took employment with Isaac Carrier, of 
Richardsville, doing farm work in the sum- 
mer and lumbering in the winter, and remain- 
ing with him until he enlisted for the Union 
service during the Civil war. He was mustered 
in at Harrisburg Aug. 14, 1862, as a member 
of Company B (Capt. R. J. Espy), 135th 
Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, and 
served with that command until May 24, 1863, 
for about six months on provost duty at Wash- 
ington and Georgetown, D. C. He was also 
in the second battle at Fredericksburg and 
in the operations on the Rapidan. On Sept. 
16, 1864, he reenlisted, joining Company L, 
14th Pennsylvania Cavalry, with which he 
served under Sheridan in the Shenandoah Val- 
ley, in the pursuit of Early, though he was 
principally in the quartermaster's department 
during his second enlistment. He was in actual 
service for nearly two years during the war. 
and was never wounded or captured nor in a 
hospital. When the war closed he was sta- 
tioned near Washington and received his final 
discharge May 31, 1865. 

In 1864 Mr. Davis bought his present farm 
in Polk township from Matthew Humphrey, 
of Richardsville. 170 acres, but fifty then im- 
proved. The part upon which the buildings 
are located was entirely in the woods at that 
time. He began lumbering upon his return 
from military service, and continued that busi- 
ness until five years ago, sometimes jobbing, 
but usually cutting his own timber, buying 
land and clearing it. and then selling it for 
agricultural purposes. Thus he has begun im- 
provements on several farms, mainly in Polk 
township. He built a mill upon his home place 
and has sawed large quantities of lumber, 
selling tn other operators and often running 
rafts to Pittsburgh, starting either on the 
Clarion river, six miles from his home, or from 
the Xorth Fork, which drains Polk township. 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



135 



His cuttings amounted to millions of feet, 
including considerable square timber, and he 
employed from ten to twenty men in the woods 
and mill. Mr. Davis has also had extensive 
agricultural interests, having developed eight 
or ten farms of about one hundred acres each, 
in Polk and Warsaw townships, and retains 
the ownership of four valuable farms, his 
home place, another a mile distant, one at 
Lake City, Elk county, and another at Brock- 
wayville, all of which he operates. His lead- 
ing crop is hay, and he also raises large quan- 
tities of oats, wheat, corn, buckwheat, etc. He 
is starting a herd of Berkshire hogs, and has a 
fine flock of full-blooded Leghorn chickens. 
For fifty years Mr. Davis has kept a store at 
Schoffners Corners, and for forty years he 
was postmaster at that point. 

With all his business affairs Mr. Davis has 
always found time for the other activities 
which mark the advancement of a live com- 
munity. The land upon which the Greenbrier 
Methodist Episcopal Church stands was 
donated by him, and he helped to start this 
church and still gives his support to its enter- 
prises. Though he has never joined the Grand 
Army he has kept in close touch with his army 
comrades and their interests. He finds enjoy- 
able recreation fishing in the streams in his 
locality, but he never hunted, even in the early 
days, when all kinds of game abounded here. 
Deer, bear and even wildcats were plentiful 
when he moved into this section. He has 
bought venison by the sled-load. 

On May 29, 1865, Mr. Davis married 
Martha A. Pew, of Warsaw township. Her 
father, Matthew Pew, had a farm at Catfish, 
but he and his wife died when Mrs. Davis was 
a child, and she was reared by her maternal 
grandparents, John and Elizabeth (Carroll) 
Richards, in Warsaw township, living there 
until her marriage, at the age of twenty years. 
John Richards was a native of Scotland, and on 
coming to this country settled in Pennsylvania, 
where he married. He was a soldier in the war 
of 1S12, taking part in the battle of Lake 
Erie as well as other engagements. He had 
two daughters who reached maturity, Sarah 
and Martha, the latter being the wife of Mat- 
thew Pew. 

The following children have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Davis: Anna Belle, now Mrs. 
H, W. McFadden, of Munderf ; Violetta, who 
died in infancy; Elizabeth, Mrs. Harvy Win- 
gard, living near Richardsville : Ambrose, liv- 
ing on the old home place at Munderf, now 
engaged in farming and merchandising ( he 
married Rena Schoffner) ; Effie, wife of 



Frank Fawsett, of Brookville, an employe of 
the Water Works Company : Blaine, living on 
the home farm, who married Christina Cook; 
and Harry, who married Rosie Patterson, liv- 
ing on an adjoining farm. 

Mr. Davis provided generously for the early 
education and training of his children, and 
gave each one a thousand dollars to start life 
when they attained the age of twenty-one 
years. They have proved worthy of his con- 
fidence, and all are comfortably situated within 
a short distance of the old home. 

LLOYD L. MEANS, D. D. S., has an exten- 
sive practice which entitles him to high place 
among the successful professional men of Jef- 
ferson county. He has been established at 
Reynoldsville since 1898, being the first reg- 
istered dentist of the county, and has had a 
liberal share of the local patronage. With high 
ideals of the value of dentistry among the 
branches of medical and surgical science, he 
has kept closely abreast of its recent develop- 
ments, sustaining the enthusiasm for his chosen 
calling which should animate the true scien- 
tific practitioner. 

Dr. Means is a member of a family well rep- 
resented in the best citizenship of Jefferson 
county from the early days, being a grandson 
of Thomas Means. The grandfather of 
Dr. Means was a son of John and Eliza- 
beth Means, natives of Ireland, who came to 
America at an early day, and to Jefferson 
county about 1810-20. from Center county, 
locating in the village of Whitesville, where 
their sons purchased two hundred acres of 
land in Perry township and built a hewed log 
house. The place was soon cleared and trans- 
formed into good farms. In the family were 
ten children, namely : James, Edward, John, 
Thomas, Foster, Joseph, Jackson, Eliza, Mar-' 
garet and Caroline. 

Thomas Means lived at Frostburg, in Perry 
township, and followed farming in that town- 
ship, where he died. To his marriage with 
Martha Miller were born the following chil- 
dren : Miller G., who now lives at Punxsutaw- 
ney ; Thaddeus, deceased ; Harry P., deceased; 
Oran, a resident of Frostburg ; Monroe, of 
Ebensburg, Pa. ; Mrs. Elizabeth Depp, of 
Frostburg: Mrs. C. N. Lewis, deceased; Mrs. 
Gibson Evans, of Punxsutawney ; and 
Amanda, Mrs. Thomas Gourley, deceased. 

Harry P. Means, son of Thomas, was the 
father of Dr. Means. He was born in Perry 
township June 6, 1854, on a farm adjoining 
the property where he was residing at the 
time of his death, near Frostburg. He had 



136 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



ordinary educational advantages, and when a 
youth learned the trade of carpenter, which 
he continued to follow all his active life, tak- 
ing contracts, besides carrying on fanning. 
His death, Dec. 9, 1916, was very sudden, 
when he was apparently in his usual good 
health, and the affectionate regard in which 
he was held by all his associates is well ex- 
pressed in an obituary notice which appeared 
in the Punxsutawney Spirit: "He grew to 
manhood in this section and so lived that he 
gained the esteem and love of every acquaint- 
ance. He was a progressive farmer, a master 
carpenter, conscientious in his work and in 
his dealings with his fellows. For more than 
a year he was the superintendent of outside 
work at the State Sanitarium at Cresson. He 
was a lifelong member of the M. E. Church 
at Frostburg, and a member of the Odd Fel- 
lows lodge of this place." He was buried in 
the Frostburg cemetery. Air. Means married 
Euphemia J. Curry, daughter of Samuel 
Curry, and they had three children: Lloyd L.'; 
Bessie, wife of Omer B. Depp, who is engaged 
in the transfer business in Punxsutawney ; and 
Alda, wife of J. M. Cook, a merchant of Ham- 
ilton, Perry township. 

Lloyd L. Means was born Sept. 7, 1874. in 
Perry township, where he began his education 
in the public schools. He took his higher 
literary course at Grove City College, and had 
his professional training in the Philadelphia 
Dental College, from which institution he was 
graduated in [898. Immediately afterwards 
he located at Reynoldsville. where he has been 
practicing continually since, enjoying a well 
deserved reputation as the reward of sincere 
efforts to give his patients the benefits of the 
most approved modern methods. Dr. Means 
has given his townsmen loyal service as a mem- 
oer of the school board, and as president and 
secretary of that body has been influential in 
its councils. He is a Mason, holding member- 
ship in John M. Read Lodge, No. 536, F. & 
A. M., and also in Reynoldsville Lodge, No. 
824, I. O. O. F. 

Dr. Means married Lena Gertrude Deible, 
daughter of Henry C. Deible, present post- 
master of Reynoldsville. and they have two 
children, Alton and Josephine. 

THOMAS LUCAS TEMPLETON. A 
strong, valiant and noble spirit was that which 
burned in and illumined the mortal tenement 
of the late Thomas Lucas Templeton, of 
Brookville, who passed his entire life in Teffer- 
son county, who was a scion of one of the hon- 
ored pioneer families of this county, and who 



gained large and worthy success through his 
own ability and well ordered endeavors. De- 
pendent upon his own resources, he worked 
his way forward to the goal of independence 
and prosperity and that he was early compelled 
to take the initiative in connection with the 
practical duties and responsibilities of life was 
primarily due to the fact that he was a lad of 
but seven vears at the time of his father's 
death. He gave effective service to the Union 
during the Civil war, and ever afterwards, in 
all of the other relations of life, manifested the 
same spirit of loyalty that prompted him to do 
his part in upholding the integrity of his native 
land. He lived and labored to goodly ends, 
wielded much influence in connection with civic 
and business activities in Jefferson county, 
commanded the unqualified confidence and 
goodwill of all who knew him, and his name is 
held in lasting honor in his native village and 
county. 

Thomas Lucas Templeton was cashier of the 
National Bank of Brookville from the time of 
its organization until his death, and he was 
summoned to eternal rest on Saturday after- 
noon, March 9, 1907, after a somewhat pro- 
tracted illness. He was born at Brookville on 
the 19th of October, 1843, and was the eldest 
son of John and Mary ( Thompson) Temple- 
ton. his grandfather. Walter Templeton, hav- 
ing been one of the earliest pioneer settlers in 
Jefferson county, and the family name having 
been prominently and worthily identified with 
the history of this county during the long in- 
tervening years. John Templeton was but 
thirty-eight years of age at the time of his 
death, in 1850, and his widow survived a num- 
bs r of years. 

Thomas L. Templeton acquired his early 
education in the common schools of his native 
village and was favored in having gained also 
the fortuitous discipline that has consistently 
been pronounced the equivalent of a liberal 
education — that of the country newspaper 
office. At the age of eleven years he entered 
upon a practical apprenticeship in the office of 
the Brookville Slur, where he gained practical 
knowledge of the "art preservative of all arts" 
and familiarized himself with the various de- 
tails of the printing business. For two years 
he was employed in the office of the Clarion 
Democrat, at the judicial center of Clarion 
county, and this period, with that of his serv- 
ice during the Civil war, represented practi- 
cally the only interval of his residence outside 
the borders of his native county, to which his 
loyalty was ever of intense and appreciative 
order. While providing for his own main- 





4 9 ll^vxAfJUtav^ 



VORK 

AST. 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



137 



tenance by his work as a printer Air. Temple- 
ton continued to attend school when oppor- 
tunity presented, and he thus alternated be- 
tween work and educational pursuits until, at 
the age of seventeen years, he responded to 
the call of higher duty and showed his youthful 
patriotism by tendering his aid in defense of 
the Union. About the ist of August, 1861, 
upon the organization of the 105th Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteer Infantry, he was appointed 
private secretary to the commanding officer of 
the regiment, the late Col. A. A. McKnight, 
and he went with the regiment to the front, 
where he continued his service in this capacity 
until the 28th of April. 1863, when he was 
appointed sutler of his regiment. On the 17th 
of the following December he resigned this 
office and returned to Brookville. where he lie- 
came associated with Dr. William J. McKnight 
in the drug business, as junior member of the 
firm of McKnight &• Bro. He soon gained 
precedence as one of the alert, vigorous and 
successful young business men of his native 
village, and he continued to be prominentlv 
identified with the business life of Brookville 
during the remainder of his earnest and pro- 
lific life, the while he gave his influence and 
loyal cooperation in the support of the various 
measures and enterprises that were projected 
for the general good of the community, thus 
showing his high sense of civic stewardship. 

Mr. Templeton was one of the zealous pro- 
moters and organizers of the Jefferson County 
Agricultural Society and Driving Park Asso- 
ciation, of which he was elected the first secre- 
tary and treasurer, a dual office of which he 
continued the incumbent for three year'-. Of 
his connection with the organization the fol- 
lowing statement was made in a Brookville 
paper at the time of his death : "In the Driving 
Park Association he was untiring in his labors, 
and to his intelligent management, seconded by 
other officials, can be attributed much of the 
success of that institution." 

Upon the organization of the National Bank 
of Brookville Mr. Templeton was, on the ist 
of August, 1891, elected its cashier, and in this 
important and exacting office he continued his 
effective administration until the time of his 
death. It has been consistently said that "He 
was able and skillful in managing the busi- 
ness, and superintended the erection of the 
beautiful building which the bank has occupied 
for a number of years."' 

From an appreciative estimate that appeared 
in a local newspaper when Air. Templeton was 
called from the stage of life's mortal endeavors 
are taken, with slight paraphrase, the following 



quotations, which are specially worthy of per- 
petuation in this more enduring vehicle: "Mr. 
Templeton was a man of fine tastes and me- 
chanical ideas. He was one of the building 
committee of the Presbyterian parsonage and 
had been a trustee of the Brookville Presby- 
terian Church since January. 1885. To him 
perhaps more than to any other one man is due 
the fine edifice which the Presbyterians now 
occupy for church services. 1 Te was for years 
treasurer of the principal funds of the church 
and was of great service in its financial affairs, 
the while his deep Christian faith was a dom- 
inating force in every relation of his life. 
Possessing in a marked degree the confidence 
and esteem of his fellow citizens, Air. Temple- 
ton occupied throughout his life-time a prom- 
inent position in the business and social affairs 
of the town, and he was known to all as a citi- 
zen whose word was at all times as good as his 
bond, a man incorruptible in his rugged hon- 
esty and integrity of purpose. He had served 
as a member of the town council, giving to his 
official duties the same conscientious attention 
that marked his association with business af- 
fair-. He had' been foremost in many works 
looking to the upbuilding of his home town, 
and his death removes one whose every act 
tended toward the real betterment of civic con- 
ditions. The funeral services in tribute to this 
sterling citizen were conducted at the Presby- 
terian Church on the Tuesday afternoon fol- 
lowing his death, which occurred the preceding 
Saturday, and the remains were given inter- 
ment in the Brookville cemetery. Flobah 
Lodge. No. 276. of which the deceased had 
been a valued member, attended the funeral in 
a body and performed the last rites due a 
member of the fraternity. The deceased leaves 
to survive him his wife and one half-brother, 
Dr. William J. McKnight, of Brookville. He 
is survived also by Mrs. Daniel Bernard Curll, 
of Wayne, Pa., who was formerly Lilian An- 
thony and who was a member of the Templeton 
household throughout her youth and young 
womanhood. Air. Templeton having been her 
guardian and foster-father." 

Though Air. Templeton never manifested 
any desire to enter the turbulence of practical 
politics and was not imbued with aught of 
ambition for political office, he was well forti- 
fied in his opinions concerning matters of 
governmental and economic policy, was pro- 
gressive and public-spirited in his civic attitude 
and accorded loyal allegiance to the Republican 
party. In a preceding paragraph it has been 
noted that he was affiliated with the local lodge 
of the Alasonic fraternity, and it should be 



138 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



added that he held membership also in Jeffer- 
son Chapter, Xo. 225, Royal Arch Masons. 

On the 4th of February, 1874, was solem- 
nized the marriage of Mr. Templeton to Anna 
Henderson, who likewise was born and reared 
in Jefferson county and who is a daughter of 
the late Judge Joseph Henderson, who was one 
of the most honored and influential citizens of 
the county for many years prior to his death. 
Air. Templeton is survived by no children, but 
his widow, who still remains in their. beautiful 
home, on Alain street, finds her measure of 
consolation and compensation in the gracious 
memories of their long and devoted compan- 
ionship and in the thought that she touched 
upon and entered so fully into the life interests 
of a husband whose every quality made for 
true nobility of character. She is sustained 
and comforted also by being surrounded by 
hallowed memories and associations and by a 
large company of friends tried and true, the 
while she has long been a popular figure in 
connection with church affairs and the repre- 
sentative social activities of her home com- 
munity. 

ALEXANDER E. CLAWSON, of Bell 
township, belongs to a family much respected 
in Jefferson county, being a son of the late 
Benoni Clawson and grandson of Matthias 
Clawson, both citizens of high standing in their 
day. 

.Matthias Clawson was born in 1792 in West- 
moreland county. Pa., son of Cornelius Claw- 
son, and at an early day came to Jefferson 
county, settling in what is now the West End 
of Punxsutawney. He bought six hundred 
acres of land lying in and about Punxsutaw- 
ney, and engaged in the timber business and 
farming, becoming one of the most successful 
men in this region. As early as 1855 ne was 
known as a rich man, and by the time of his 
death, in i8r>o, had accumulated a large estate. 
In August of that year he went to Kansas, and 
died at Williamsburg, that State, a month later, 
at the home of his son-in-law, Daniel Fogle. 
He is buried there. His wife, Mary (Wil- 
liam'-), a native of Mifflin county, Pa., died in 
1877 when seventy-eight years old. They had 
children as follows : Cornelius ; Benoni ; John ; 
Elizabeth, who married Daniel Fogle ; and 
Mary C, widow of John M. Graffius, all de- 
ceased hut Mary C. 

Benoni Clawson, father of Alexander E. 
Clawson, was born at Punxsutawney in 1831, 
and though he had very meagre educational 
privileges he used them to such good purpose 



that he became a teacher during his young 
manhood, following that profession for twenty 
years. Meanwhile he also farmed during the 
summer season, having been reared to agricul- 
tural life, and eventually he- gave all his atten- 
tion to farming and lumbering, owning a good 
property in Bell township, where he was re- 
garded as one of the most progressive men in 
the vicinity. He died Aug. 4, 1904, and is 
buried in Oaklawn cemetery at Cloe. During 
the Civil war Air. Clawson served as a mem- 
ber of Company B, 74th P. V. I., until the 
close of the conflict. He was a Republican 
and took some part in local public affairs, 
serving as supervisor and poor overseer. 

On June 6, 1861, Mr. Clawson married Alary 
Ann Williams, who was born April 19, 1842, 
in Jefferson county, and has spent all her days 
there, still living on the old homestead in Bell 
township, with a son and daughter. Four 
children were born to this union : Rev. Wil- 
liam W., a Afethodist minister, formerly a mis- 
sionary in Xew York State, now stationed at 
Thayer, Kans. ; Bell AI., at home; Daniel F., 
at home and operating the farm ; and Alexan- 
der Elsworth. ATrs. Clawson is a member of 
the Alethodist Episcopal Church, to which her 
husband also belonged. 

Airs. Clawson is a granddaughter of John 
Williams, a resident of Jefferson county, who 
died here about 1865, when about seventy-five 
years old ; he married Rachel Thompson. 
Their son, William F. Williams, father of 
Airs. Clawson, married Alargaret Thompson, 
and they settled in Winslow township, this 
county. 

Alexander E. Clawson was born Sept. 4, 
1871, in Bell township, and after receiving 
such advantages as the local schools offered 
attended Franklin Business College at Law- 
rence, Kans., Grove City (Pa.) College, and 
later Wesleyan College in West Virginia. For 
fifteen years he was in the South, bookkeeping 
and inspecting lumber, and returning at the end 
of that period to his old home in Jefferson 
countv he became interested in farming and 
is still so engaged. In 1912 he became con- 
nected with the Summerville Telephone Com- 
pany, at Punxsutawney, as solicitor and col- 
lector, and fills that position creditably. His 
home is on part of. the old Clawson farm. Mr. 
Clawson has served Bell township for nine 
vears in the capacity of school director, in 
that and other associations giving his time and 
energies to promote the welfare of local insti- 
tutions. 

Afr. Clawson married ATaetella Davis, 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



139 



daughter of Samuel C. Davis, of Knox town- 
ship; their one daughter, Helen, is attending 
school. 

OBED H. NORDSTROM came to Jeffer- 
son county from the Pine Tree State shortly 
after attaining his legal majority, and he be- 
came one of the pioneer business men and 
prominent and influential citizens of Punxsu- 
tawney, where he maintained his home for 
nearly half a century and where he was one 
of the most venerable and revered citizens of 
Jefferson county at the time of his death, 
which occurred April 21, 1909, about four 
months after his eighty-seventh birthday anni- 
versary. Air. Nordstrom was a man of ex- 
ceptional initiative and constructive ability, 
was a pioneer in the establishing of important 
industrial and commercial enterprises at Punx- 
sutawney, and was a resourceful and valued 
factor in furthering the civic and material de- 
velopment and upbuilding of the metropolis of 
Jefferson county. Strong in his virile and 
upright manhood, he commanded unqualified 
popular confidence and respect. 

Obed Hand Nordstrom was born at East- 
port. Maine, on the 3d of December. 182 1, 
and there received his early education in the 
common schools of the day. His father, John 
Nordstrom, was born' in Sweden, and was a 
child at the time of the family immigration to 
America. He became a successful shipbuilder 
at Eastport, Maine, and both he and his wife 
continued their residence in that State until 
they died. As a youth Obed H. Nordstrom 
gained valuable experience through association 
with the shipbuilding operations with which 
his father was identified, and at the age of 
twenty-one years he came to Jefferson county, 
Pa., and established his home in the little vil- 
lage of Punxsutawney. Later he passed a 
brief interval in the State of Iowa, and upon 
his return to Punxsutawney he here engaged 
in lumbering operations. In 1864 he estab- 
lished on what is now the south side of this 
thriving borough the first brickyard in all this 
section, and he further showed his business 
energy and progressiveness by operating for 
a number of years a woolen mill, besides hav- 
ing conducted one of the old-time distilleries 
of this part of the State. For a number of 
years he operated a sawmill, in connection with 
a well established lumber business, and he 
was one of the leading men of affairs in the 
community. It is worthy of note that his old 
woolen mill stood on the present site of the 
Mahoning Valley Milling Co. plant. In 1866 
Mr. Nordstrom erected the fine old homestead 



which is still occupied by his venerable widow 
and which is endeared to her by the hallowed 
memories and associations of the past. This 
was the third house to be erected in what is 
now the splendidly improved south side of the 
borough, and upon the spacious grounds of 
this old homestead is the little private ceme- 
tery in which rest the mortal remains of this 
honored pioneer. 

In 1850 Mr. Nordstrom was manried to 
Hattie Hoover, and of the three children born 
to this union but one survives, Laura N., now 
the widow of Charles Brewer, who was a 
member of the Jefferson county bar. She has 
four living children. James, Frederick. Paul 
and Roy. On Dec. 24, 1863, Mr. Nordstrom 
married Matilda Jane Walker, who was born 
in Armstrong county, this State, where her 
father, the late Robert Walker, was a pioneer 
and a representative citizen. Mrs. Nordstrom, 
though now venerable in years, maintains won- 
derful mental and physical vigor, presides gra- 
ciously over her beautiful old home on the 
south side, and is held in affectionate regard 
by the entire community in which she has 
lived many years. Of the children of Mr. and 
Mrs. Nordstrom Robert Roy and Grace Ger- 
trude died young; Osie Virginia is the wife of 
Lot Craft, of Punxsutawney; Otto is de- 
ceased ; Jessie B. is the wife of Charles Mc- 
Quown, who is engaged in the automobile 
business at Punxsutawney. 

EDWIN G. SPRAGUE, of Winslow town- 
ship, is one of four brothers who own finely 
improved farms in that section of Jefferson 
county, sons of the late George G. Sprague, 
whose long! life was passed principally in 
Winslow township and Reynoldsville, a lead- 
ing agriculturist and business man of his day. 
The grandfather, Samuel B. Sprague, was 
born in New Hampshire, of old New England 
stock. In early life he went to Vermont, 
where he met and married Hannah Farley, a 
native of that State, by whom he had five 
children : George G, William. Hannah, Hiram 
and Mary. In 1824 the family removed to 
New York State, and thence in 1832 to Penn- 
sylvania, making a permanent home at Pros- 
pect Hill, four miles from what is now 
Reynoldsville, in Winslow township, Jefferson 
county. Samuel Sprague made the first im- 
provements upon this property, and followed 
farming there during his remaining years, 
clearing part of his land, and his death in 1845 
was caused by a fall from a building. His 
widow remarried, her second husband being 



140 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



a Mr. Farley, and died in iSSo, at the age of 
eighty-four years. 

George G. Sprague was born Feb. 2, 1818, at 
Danville, Caledonia Co., Vt., and had common 
school advantages, such as they were in his 
boyhood. After the family settled in Jeffer- 
son county the nearest school was three miles 
distant, and as he was old enough to be of 
material assistance with the farm work he 
could not be spared to attend regularly, but 
even under such circumstances he picked up 
sufficient learning to enable him to teach, and 
he followed the profession at times during his 
young manhood. Throughout his active years 
farming was his principal occupation, and 
having acquired his father's homestead in 
Winslow township he prosecuted its improve- 
ment vigorously, putting up all the substantial 
buildings which now stand there, besides con- 
tinuing the work of clearing. The house was 
erected about 1868, the barn in 1878. In 1886 
he retired from agricultural work and moved 
into the borough of Reynoldsville, turning the 
farm over to his son Charles, who has since 
carried it on. However, Mr. Sprague retained 
the active management of his interests, and 
in 1892 he was chosen president of the Seely 
& Alexander Bank at Reynoldsville, in which 
position he gave ample evidence of the shrewd- 
ness and clear judgment for which he had 
long been noted. He retained the office until 
Sept. 18, 1902, dying at Reynoldsville when 
eighty-four years of age. Mr. Sprague was 
one of the most influential characters of his 
generation, his convictions helping to shape 
many matters of the utmost importance to the 
community, and though his actual participa- 
tion in its affairs was principally in business 
his well formed ideas regarding public policies 
had their due effect. As a sincere Demo- 
crat, he was firm in his opposition to monop- 
oly and special privileges and maintained it by 
his ballot. Though not specially covetous of 
the power attaching to local office he accepted 
a number of public positions from a sense of 
duty, his services as school director covering 
about a quarter of a century. 

In 1844 Mr. Sprague married Prudence 
Broadhead, who was born in England and 
came to America in 1832 with her parents, 
James and Alary Broadhead, also natives of 
that country. They lived in Winslow town- 
ship the rest of their lives, and there Mr. and 
Mrs. Sprague were married. She lived to be 
just past eighty-four years of age, dying Oct. 
4, 1910. We have the following record of 
the eight children born to this marriage: An- 
geline, wife of Samuel Bailey, lives at Big 



Soldier, this county; Martha married Wallace 
Garsline, of New York, and died there in 
1878; Edwin G. is next in the family: Albert 
J. is a leading farmer in Henderson township; 
Walter lives in Winslow township; Charles O., 
born April 8, i860, now living on the home 
farm, married Margaret M. Pierce; Mary is 
the wife of Asa Philippi and lives at Homer 
City. Pa. ; Edith married Milan Philippi and 
after his death became the wife of Dr. B. E. 
Hoover, of Reynoldsville. Mrs. Sprague was 
brought up in the faith of the Baptist Church, 
and kept her membership in it all her life. 

Edwin G. Sprague was born Dec. 26, 1S51, 
in Winslow township, and lived on his fa- 
ther's farm there until he went to the home of 
his sister Martha, in New York State, where 
he also attended school. Upon his return 
to Jefferson county he lived at Reynoldsville 
for four years, during which period he was 
employed at the mines, cutting coal, and he 
removed thence to the "Mile Hill" farm in 
Pinecreek township, this county, upon which 
he made his home for twenty-nine years, ac- 
quiring the ownership of that valuable prop- 
erty, which comprised about one hundred and 
fifty acres. Upon selling it he purchased his 
present home place, formerly the William Rey- 
nolds homestead, a tract of 120 acres in the 
Paradise section of Winslow township, where 
he took up his residence in February. [913. 
It is a very desirable farm, in up-to-date con- 
dition, and he is carrying on general farming 
there very profitably, being one of the well- 
to-do land owners of that vicinity, in whose 
development the Spragues have taken so prom- 
inent a part. Since settling there Mr. Sprague 
has not been associated with public affairs, but 
while in Pinecreek township he assisted in the 
administration of the local government to the 
extent of seven years' service on the school 
board. He is a substantial citizen in every 
respect, and has the unqualified respect of all 
his neighbors. 

Mr. Sprague married Hannah Lawhead, 
daughter of Nathan Lawhead, and they, be- 
came the parents of six children : John ; Harry ; 
Frank; Mattie. wife of John Figge ; Ai, who 
has been in the United States navy for the last 
ten years, being now on submarine duty in 
the Pacific; and Catherine, who was the wife 
of Theodore Mowery. The last named. Mrs. 
Mowery, died in Oklahoma, and Mr. Mowery 
was killed by lightning in the summer of mi'''. 
in a field on his father-in-law's farm in Wins- 
low township, a horse being struck dead at 
the same time. Mr. and Mrs. Mowery left 
two children, Theodore and Paul. Mrs. Han- 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



141 



nah (Lawhead) Sprague died June 28, 1902, 
and Mr. Sprague married for his second wife 
Sadie E. Lawhead, her cousin. There are no 
children by this union. The Spragues are 
Baptists in religious connection. 

JOHN C. LUCAS is another native son^of 
Jefferson county who has here found ample 
opportunity and scope for effective enterprise 
along normal and productive lines of business, 
and he stands today as one of the representa- 
tive business men and popular and influential 
citizens of Brookville, where he operates a 
well equipped planing mill and conducts a pros- 
perous general lumber business. 

John Craig Lucas was born on a farm in 
Knox township, this county, on the 27th of 
November, 1859, and is a representative of a 
familv whose name has been associated with 
the history of this county for more than eighty 
years. His paternal grandfather, Samuel 
Lucas, was born in Center county, Pa., whence 
he eventually removed to Indiana county. 
From the latter county he removed to Clarion 
county, and in 1834 t0 Jefferson county, pur- 
chasing a tract of wild land in Clover town- 
ship, where he became a pioneer settler and 
reclaimed a farm from the virtual wilderness. 
He not only became the owner of a large 
landed estate and gave effective attention to its 
development, but in the early days he also 
worked to a considerable extent at his trade, 
that of tailor, besides having profited also from 
his active operations as a lumberman. Both 
he and his wife passed the closing years of 
their lives on their old homestead, and their 
remains rest in the old-time Jefferson 
cemetery. 

John S. Lucas, father of John C. Lucas, 
was born in Indiana county, Pa., and was 
young at the time of the family removal to 
Jefferson county, where he was reared to man- 
hood under the influences of the pioneer farm. 
Eventually he became a prosperous farmer 
and lumberman in Knox township. In 1864 
he removed with his family to Ford county, 
111., where he became a prosperous farmer and 
a citizen of influence in community affairs, 
with secure place in popular confidence and 
esteem. He attained to venerable years and 
passed the closing period of his life in the 
city of Denver, Colo. As a young man he 
married Cordilla Hall, a daughter of the late 
Joseph Hall, of Rose township, Jefferson 
county, and she was about seventy-two years 
of age at the time of her death, which occurred 
at Pueblo, Colo. Of their children, the third 
child died in infancy ; Sylvanus F. is a resi- 



dent of the State of California ; John C. was 
the seventh in order of birth; Emma is the 
wife of Simon Evans, and is residing in Ellens- 
burg, Washington. 

John Craig Lucas passed the period of his 
childhood upon the old homestead farm in 
Knox township, and was about five years old 
at the time of the family removal to Illinois. 
The greater part of his life has been passed 
in his native county. In connection with farm 
work he early gained fellowship with pro- 
ductive toil and endeavor, the while he made 
good use of the advantages afforded in the 
public schools. At the age of twenty-three 
years he became associated with C. R. Hall 
in the lumber business at Brookville, and in 
1888 he purchased an interest in the substan- 
tial business of which he is now the sole owner, 
and in the development and upbuilding of 
which he has been a resourceful factor. Mr. 
Lucas has been sole proprietor of the planing 
mill and lumber business since 19 10, and the 
fine modern plant proves an important adjunct 
to the industrial activities of Jefferson county, 
affording the best of facilities for the manu- 
facturing of all kinds of building material and 
supplies, and giving employment to a force of 
from ten to fifteen men, gauged by the de- 
mands of the season. 

Mr. Lucas is emphatically progressive and 
public-spirited and takes a lively interest in 
all that concerns the welfare of the com- 
munity. His political allegiance is given un- 
reservedly to the Republican party, and he 
served fourteen years as a member of the 
borough council of Brookville, most of the 
time as president of that body. In this posi- 
tion he was the champion of progressive poli- 
cies, and within his tenure of office many 
municipal improvements were made, includ- 
ing the paving of the streets. It is notable 
that he never missed a council meeting during 
the last eight years of his incumbency, which 
terminated Jan. 1, 1916! His thorough famil- 
iarity with conditions in the borough qualified 
him for authoritative judgment as to its needs. 
He and his wife hold membership in the 
Presbvterian Church, and he is affiliated with 
Hobah Lodge, No. 276, F. & A. M. 

On the 23d of February, 1888, Mr. Lucas 
married Elizabeth M. Orr, daughter of the late 
David Orr, of Limestone, Clarion county, 
whose father, S. C. Orr, settled in Clarion 
county in 1804. They have one son, Fred- 
erick Flail Lucas, who is employed in the en- 
gineering department of the American Bridge 
Company at Ambridge, Pennsylvania. 



U2 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



BENJAMIN F. SHIVELY, late of South 
Bend, Ind., at the time of his death senior 
United States senator from Indiana, had been 
a prominent member of Congress for years, 
and was one of the leading Democrats of the 
country. 

Mr. Shively was born March 20, 1857, on a 
farm in St. Joseph county, Ind., son of Rev. 
Joel Shively. His boyhood was divided be- 
tween work and school, and during his young 
manhood he taught school for five years. 
Having saved some money he invested it in 
the Era, a country newspaper, to which he de- 
voted himself for the next three years, doing 
most of the work himself, setting type, gather- 
ing news, soliciting advertising and writing 
editorials, an experience which proved more 
valuable for future use than immediate profit. 
In 1883 he gave up the newspaper and turned 
to politics, in which he was best known. In 
1884 he was sent to Congress to fill the unex- 
pired term of Maj. William H. Calkins, who 
had resigned to accept the Republican nomina- 
tion for governor, and at the end of the term 
he was regularly elected, in 1886. He proved 
so popular that he was honored with reelection 
in 1888 and 1890. and refused another nomina- 
tion in ]8<j2, being desirous of resuming the 
law practice which his public duties seriously 
interfered with. He settled at South Bend, 
and took a foremost place among the most 
talented lawyers of the State. In 1896 he 
was the Democratic nominee for governor. 
But his legislative service was not ended. In 
T903 and again in 1905 the Democrats paid 
him the honor of giving him their party's com- 
plimentary vote for United States senator, to 
which office he was elected Jan. 14, 1909. He 
was reelected in 1914 by the direct vote of the 
people, being the first senator in Indiana so 
chosen. During his membership in both 
branches of the national legislature Mr. Shively 
was associated particularly with foreign af- 
fairs and tariff legislation. While in the House 
he was regarded as a tariff expert, serving on 
the Ways and Means committee, and during 
his service as senator was on an important sub- 
committee of the Senate Finance committee, 
exerting a powerful influence in the framing 
of the Underwood-Simmons tariff law. At 
the time of his death he was ranking Demo- 
cratic member of the Foreign Relations com- 
mittee. He was known as a fluent and force- 
tul debater, and as an energetic and useful 
committee member. Throughout his political 
career, for a period of thirty year? and more, 
he took an active part in most of the delibera- 



tions of his party. Fie was president of the 
board of trustees of Indiana University. 

Mr. Shively died at the Providence hospital 
in Washington, D. C, March 14, 1916, after 
several months' illness, because of which he 
had been obliged to relinquish active participa- 
tion in many affairs. The Senate adjourned 
immediately upon announcement of his demise, 
which was made by Senator Ken^ his colleague 
from Indiana, who felt it to be "the saddest 
duty- of his official life." Both Senate and 
House adopted resolutions of regret and ap- 
pointed committees to attend the funeral, 
which was held at South Bend. President 
Wilson, who visited Mr. Shively several times 
during his illness, sent the following letter to 
.Mrs. Shively: 

"I have just learned with the deepest sorrow 
of the death of your husband. Your own loss 
is tragical and my heart goes out to you in 
deep and sincere sympathy. The loss of the 
country is very great, for he was moved as a 
public servant by high motives of duty to his 
State and the nation, and I join with his col- 
leagues in deploring his death as creating a 
vacancy in the highest counsels of the public 
which cannot easily be filled. May God sustain 
you in this moment of your supreme sorrow.'' 

A Pennsylvania paper in editorial comment 
said: "The death of United States Senator 
Shively deprives the State of Indiana of one 
of the most eminent native sons and the upper 
house of Congress of a member whose record 
in statesmanship was alike a credit to the 
chamber and himself. While a 'Hoosier' bv 
birth, Mr. Shively was a Pennsylvanian by 
ancestry and he married a daughter of the 
Keystone State. During his lateryears he had 
spent considerable time in this State and was 
known and esteemed by many Pennsyl- 
vanians." 

In 1S89 Mr. Shively married Emma Laura 
Jenks, daughter of Hon. George A. Jenks, of 
Brookville, Jefferson Co., Pa., and they estab- 
lished their home in South Bend, though much 
of their time was necessarily spent at Wash- 
ington, D. C. The three children born to 
this union also survive : George Jenks, John 
Joel, and Mary Mabon. 

WILDRED F. HUTCHISON, of Pan- 
coast, coal operator and large landowner, is 
a member of one of the most influential fami- 
lies of Winslow township, being a son of the 
late Thomas Hutchison, whose farm and coal 
lands were among the most valuable in this 
part of Jefferson county. Thomas Hutchison 
was of Irish extraction, his parents, John and 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



143 



Jane (Orr) Hutchison, having been natives 
of Ireland. It is supposed that the family 
was descended from the Hutchisons who were 
in Cromwell's army. His grandfather, 
Thomas Hutchison, spent all his life in Ire- 
land, and was killed by being thrown from a 
horse. 

John Hutchison came to America in 1819 
and lived in Philadelphia for a time. Re- 
turning to his native land, he remained there 
for two years before he recrossed the Atlan- 
tic to make his permanent home in this coun- 
try. He married in Philadelphia, and fifteen 
months later removed to Brooklyn, N. Y., 
at which place he resided four and a half 
years, at the end of that period going back 
to Philadelphia and establishing himself at 
Fairmount, where he continued to live for the 
next sixteen years. In May, 1847, he came 
out to western Pennsylvania with hi3 son 
Thomas and bought 113 acres of wild land in 
Washington township, Jefferson county, for 
which he paid three dollars an acre, and upon 
which he built a mud-plastered log cabin and 
settled down to farming. In spite of the 
hard conditions then prevailing in this region 
he prospered, and eight years after his arri- 
val built a more substantial dwelling, which he 
and his wife occupied until 1879, when they 
left it to spend their remaining days at the 
home of their son Thomas, in Winslow town- 
ship. There both died in 18S3, Mr. Hutchi- 
son at the age of eighty-three years, Mrs. 
Hutchison in November at the age of eighty- 
nine. He was a stanch Presbyterian, for many 
years a ruling elder in the Beechwoods Church 
of that denomination. Originally a Whig in 
politics, he later joined the Republican party, 
and in deciding upon public questions, as in 
his private affairs, followed the dictates of a 
strong conscience. Mrs. Hutchison, whose 
maiden name was Jane Orr, came to America 
'in 1822 with a sister, settling in Philadelphia. 
They were daughters of Joseph and Jane ( Wil- 
son) Orr, natives of County Derry, Ireland, 
who spent all their lives there. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Hutchison the following children were 
born : Mary A., who married John McClure, 
both now deceased ; Thomas ; Joseph, who 
followed farming, settling on the old home- 
stead; William, who died when two and a 
half years old ; and Eliza J., who died when 
two years old. 

Thomas Hutchison was born Jan. 3, 1829, 
while his parents were living in Brooklyn, and 
was reared in Philadelphia. He had few edu- 
cational privileges, attending school four 
months in the latter city and subscription 



schools for about two years, but he had a 
keen and active mind, and made the most of 
his advantages, most of which were of a prac- 
tical character. When eighteen years old he 
ran away from home to enlist for service in 
the Alexican war, and had reached Governor's 
Island when overtaken by his father, who per- 
suaded him to return home and obtained his 
release. The youth consented to go back on 
the condition that his father leave the city and 
move out into the wilderness of the western 
,part of the State, hence the removal to Jef- 
ferson county. Here he spent his time as- most 
of the young men did, assisting in farming and 
lumbering, and when twenty-four years old 
went into the latter business on his own ac- 
count, following it for a year. Then he set- 
tled on the farm in Winslow township which 
was ever afterwards his home, the original 
tract comprising seventy-five acres of what 
proved to be as good land as any in Jefferson 
county. The work of improvement had not 
been started, so that the entire development of 
the property was to his credit, and his success 
made him one of the most prosperous and 
progressive agriculturists in the county. His 
farm became one of the finest in this section, 
and as he added to it increased to 320 acres, 
favorably situated near the borough of Falls 
Creek, equipped with all the conveniences and 
machinery known to modern agricultural sci- 
ence, and cultivated to the last detail as a 
modern country place should be. About noon 
on May 29, i860, a cyclone swept the place, 
destroying all of the buildings and five hun- 
dred dollars worth of standing timber, the 
work of devastation being so complete that 
the family had to live with the neighbors until 
new buildings could be erected. Mr. Hutchi- 
son lost no time in starting the work of re- 
building, all traces of the damage being soon 
wiped out. Having discovered that his land 
was underlaid with a rich vein of coal, he 
opened a mine in 1874 and operated it very 
profitably. 

Mr. Hutchison was a broad-minded citizen, 
and gave generously of his time and ability in 
establishing desirable social conditions in his 
neighborhood. He served ten years" as a jus- 
tice of the peace, filled all the township offices, 
and served so many times as election judge 
that he was known to all his neighbors as 
Squire Hutchison. In political opinion he was 
a firm Republican. His religious connection 
was with the Presbyterian Church, and for 
four years he was an elder of the congrega- 
tion at Reynoldsville, transferring his mem- 
bership to Falls Creek after a church was 



144 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



established there, and also serving that organ- 
ization as elder. Mr. Hutchison had the mis- 
fortune to lose his eyesight in 1900, being 
blind for about fifteen years before his death, 
which occurred Aug. 11, 1915. 

On Nov. 1, 1855, ^ r - Hutchison was mar- 
ried at Beechwoods to Mary Waite, who was 
born July 8, 1832, at Philipsburg, Center Co., 
Pa., daughter of James and Martha (Mcin- 
tosh) Waite, natives of Ireland, the former 
born in County Kildare, the latter in County 
Derry. Mrs. Waite was a daughter of Robert 
and Martha ( McKinley) Mcintosh, the mother 
dying in Ireland, and the father subsequently 
marrying Mary Stevenson, with whom he came 
to the Beechwoods in Washington township, 
that district being settled principally by vari- 
ous branches of the Smith and Mcintosh fam- 
ilies. Mr. and Mrs. Waite became acquainted 
in Center county, where they were married, 
coming to Jefferson county in 1835 and locat- 
ing in the Beechwoods. He had followed the 
tanning business at Philipsburg, but farmed 
after settling in Washington township. He 
was a prominent citizen, serving as justice of 
the peace and supervisor, was a Republican 
in politics, and a Presbyterian in religion, his 
wife also belonging to that church. He died 
in May, 1873, aged sixty-two years, long sur- 
viving Mrs. Waite, who had passed away in 
February, 1846, aged forty-seven years. Their 
four children were: Mrs. Mary Hutchison. 
Robert (a farmer of Winslow township), 
Martha (deceased wife of John Smith, a miner 
and farmer of Winslow township) and John 
(who was killed by a falling tree). 

Ten children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomas Hutchison : Hannibal James formerly 
had a sawmill in Winslow township, but now 
lives in Ringgold township, this county, where 
he is a coal operator; he married Mary M. 
Waite, who died leaving one daughter, Bar- 
bara J., and for his second wife he married 
Maggie Mapes. Martha Jane is the wife of 
Amos Goss, a farmer and coal operator of 
Winslow township, and they have had twelve 
children. John Calvin, who is unmarried, re- 
sides on the homestead farm in Winslow town- 
ship. R. Norman, deceased, married Mary L. 
Goss, who lived at East Pembroke, N. H.. 
until her death, with her two children, Archie 
and Eugene. Mary Matilda married Tilton 
Reynolds, formerly a farmer in Winslow 
township, now a resident of Mechanicsville, 
Clarion county, and has five children. Joseph 
M„ who lives at Pancoast, married Jemima 
Hawthorn, and has seven children, Alvin, Carl, 
Lester, Mary, Edith, Laura and Russel. Mau- 



rice O. is deceased. Georgianna R. is the- 
wife of John O'Harrow and lives on the old 
homestead; they have two children, John and 
Eleanor. Barbara died in infancy. * Wildred 
F. is the youngest. The mother died March 
4, 1914, and both parents are buried at Falls 
Creek. 

Wildred F. Hutchison was born March 10, 
1874, in Winslow township, and was educated 
in its public schools. When but thirteen years 
old he became regularly employed in the lum- 
ber woods, and was so engaged until he 
reached the age of seventeen, at which time 
he changed to mine work, and he was lumber- 
ing, mining and farming by turns until 1900, 
getting a variety of experience which serves 
him admirably in the management of the large 
interests he has accumulated. Mr. Hutchi- 
son now gives most of his time to coal opera- 
tions, having private mines which are being 
profitably worked, and also operating the old 
Pancoast mines, which he purchased in part- 
nership with Edward Swineford. For fifteen 
years he supplied all the coal to the DuBois 
& Butler brickyards at Falls Creek. He is a 
large landowner, and handles all his business 
affairs with the competence acquired in long 
training of the most practical sort, and the 
ability inherited from a very capable father. 
Like his father he has taken a public-spirited 
interest in public matters, and at present is 
president of the Winslow township school 
board. He is a prominent member of Meadow 
Brook Grange, Patrons of Husbandry, of 
which he was master for three years, and in 
fraternal affiliation is an Odd Fellow. In 
religious connection he is a Presbyterian, unit- 
ing with the church at Falls Creek. 

On Dec. 23, 1899, Mr. Hutchison was mar- 
ried to Mattie Blanch Swineford, daughter 
of Shelumiei Swineford, who lives in Knox 
township, this county, four miles from Brook- 
ville. He is a well known citizen of the' 
county, and an honored veteran of the Civil 
war, having served in the 148th Pennsylvania 
Regiment. Mr. and Mrs. Hutchison are the 
parents of six children : Esther. Thomas. Myr- 
tle, Frank, Orie and John S. Their home 
is at Pancoast, in Winslow township. 

COL. ROBERT MEANS THOMPSON, 
youngest son of Hon. John J. Y. and Agnes S. 
(Kennedy) Thompson, has greatly distin- 
guished himself, and is known all over the 
world in financial, naval, antiquarian and ath- 
letic circles. He is now (1915) president of 
the Navy League of the United States. Colonel 
Thompson was born March 2. 1849, at Corsica, 




(fi^zZL Mjl&a^ ¥frij->^£c 



Xi^ r T<- 



THE '"" 


vn 




Y 











JEFFERSON* COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



145 



Jefferson Co., Pa. In [852 his father moved 
to Brookville, Pa., and here in due time young- 
Thompson was enrolled as a pupil in the 
borough schools. Inheriting" brawn, great in- 
tellectual activity and mental power coupled 
with incisive, courageous and industrious 
habits, it was soon observed by myself and 
other friends that nature had created him for 
some large field of usefulness. At that time I 
was a political boss, and with some others in 
Jul)'. [864, when Robert was fifteen, we recom- 
mended him for a naval cadetship to our Con- 
gressman, 1 Ion. G. W. Schofield, who indorsed 
the application, and on July 30, 1864, Robert 
M. Thompson met all the requirements of the 
medical as well as of the professional board 
and was received as a student in the Naval 
Academy at Newport. R. 1. On June 2, 1868, 
he graduated from the Naval Academy cf 
.Annapolis, Mil., as cadet number ten in a class 
of eighty. He was ordered to sea in Septem- 
ber. t868, and from Sept. 10th of that year 
until Sept. 4, 1869. he cruised with the West 
India and Alediterranean squadrons, serving 
successively on the I". S. S. "Contocook," of 
the West India squadron, and the U. S. S. 
"Franklin." "Richmond" and "Guard," of the 
Mediterranean squadron. On Sept. 4, 1869, 
he was ordered home in the U. S. S. "Guard," 
for examination for promotion. On the 20th 
of October, 1869, he received his commission 
as ensign, dated July 22, 1869, and on the 3d 
of December, i860, reported to Commander 
E. O. Matthews for duty, as one of the first 
five officers stationed at the torpedo station at 
Newport, R. I. On Oct. 12, 1870. he received 
a commission as master, bearing dafe July 12, 
1870, and on April 12, 1871. was detached from 
the torpedo station and ordered to report 
June 1st for duty on board the U. S. S. 
"Wachusett," fitting out at Portsmouth, Va., 
navy yard, for dutv in the Mediterranean 
squadron, and sailed from New York via the 
Azores Islands, for Lisbon, Portugal : thence 
tn Gibraltar and "up the straits." After a 
cruise on the coasts of France and Italy, he, 
on the 17th of October, 1871, at Naples, ten- 
dered his resignation, which was accepted Nov. 
18, 1871, and delivered to him on Dec. 16th, on 
which day he left his ship and the navy. 

Being a rapacious reader and now in civil 
life, he studied law in the office of Hon. George 
A. Jenks. and on Aug. 24. 1872, was admitted 
to the bar at Clarion, Pa., and was admitted to 
practice in the courts of Jefferson county. He 
then went to the office of his brother, A. C. 
Thompson, at Portsmouth, Ohio, and was soon 
admitted to practice in the courts of Ohio. The 
10 



lessons of thoroughness taught in the navy 
stimulated him in his legal efforts, and he en- 
tered Dane Law School of Harvard in Novem- 
ber, 1S72, graduating therefrom in 1874. On 
Jan. 1, 1875, he opened a law office in Boston. 
He became assistant reporter to the Supreme 
court of Massachusetts, as assistant to John 
Lathrop, afterwards justice of the Supreme 
court. During this time he helped prepare for 
publication Vols. 115-116 of the Massachusetts 
Supreme court reports. On Dec. 26. 1876, he 
was elected to the common council ; in 1877 he 
was reelected. 

While engaged in the practice of law at Bos- 
ton he was retained to investigate the titles to 
a certain mining property near Sherbrooke, in 
the Province of Quebec, and later he was in- 
duced to accept the management of this com- 
pany and its mines. This company eventually 
became the Orford Copper Company, which 
erected smelting works at Bayonne. N. J., 
where they engaged largely in the smelting and 
refining of copper. Again the name of this 
company was changed, to the Orford Nickel 
& Copper Company, and became interested also 
in the smelting and refining of nickel. The 
chemical knowledge obtained by Midshipman 
Thompson while in the Naval Academy en- 
abled him to take an active part in the technical 
management of the works, and to him is due 
the perfecting of the process for the separation 
of the nickel and copper mattes obtained from 
the mines near Copper Cliff, in the Province 
of Ontario. If you talk to Colonel Thompson 
you will find that of all the events of his life, 
he is prouder of the fact that when the United 
States Congress appropriated a million dollars 
to buy a million pounds of nickel for use in 
preparing armorplate for the navy he it was 
that delivered this nickel to the government for 
two hundred and forty thousand dollars, thus 
repaying the government with usury the cost 
of his education. When the International 
Nickel Company was formed, taking over the 
mines of Canada and also the works of the 
( )rford Nickel & Copper Company. Colonel 
Thompson became chairman of the board of 
directors of that company. Since its formation 
he has been continuously the president of the 
Naval Academy Alumni Association of New 
York. He was the first member of the Naval 
Academy Athletic Association, and he has for 
years been looked upon as the patron saint of 
the Naval Academy. He was president of the 
American Olympic committee which super- 
vised the work of the American athletes at 
Stockholm, Sweden, in 1912, and the loyal sup- 
port given to him by the officers of the army 



146 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



and navy, who formed part of the team, did 
much to secure the splendid moral victory of 
that team, an achievement as great as, if not 
greater than, their splendid victories in the 
games. 

In a financial way Colonel Thompson has 
had great success, but he has held and used his 
wealth as one who acknowledges that monev 
ownership carries a duty to his fellow man. 
Colonel Thompson has often said that he hoped 
to so live that when he died many would regret 
his death. In 191 r lie served as president of 
the Pennsylvania Society of New York, and 
during his presidency the William Penn dinner 
was given by the society in London and the 
Penn memorial dedicated. The success of this 
dinner was due to Colonel Thompson's wide 
acquaintanceship with the leading men of Eng- 
land. The Colonel has a big heart, and his 
munificence and charities command the atten- 
tion of kings. He has been honored by the 
Emperor of Japan, who conferred upon him 
the Order of the Second Class of the Rising 
Sun. an honor which in Japan is reserved for 
men of great achievements, such as Marshal 
Oyama, Admiral Togo and the other greai 
leaders in the war with Russia. While in 
Massachusetts, Colonel Thompson entered 
politics and was chairman of the Young Re- 
publican committee which conducted the cam- 
paign against General Butler when Governor 
Talbot, of Lowell, was elected, and the Colonel 
was very proud of the fact that he presided 
over a meeting held in Faneuil hall and pre- 
sented < ieneral Garfield to an immense audi- 
ence. Through the courtesy of Robert Means 
Mason, of Boston, who claimed a far-away 
cousinship with Colonel Thompson, he was 
present at many of the meetings of the famous 
Thursday Club and had the pleasure and honor 
of meeting and knowing Agassiz, Longfellow. 
Whittier, Holmes, Lowell and other famous 
men of that day and time. Louise Alcott. 
Sarah Orne Jewett, authors of wide celebrity, 
were his friends, and they were frequently 
guests at the home of Colonel and Mrs. 
Thompson. He came to be known as 
"Colonel" Thompson from the fact that dur- 
ing the Spanish-American war he was chosen 
by Gov. Foster W. Yoorhees, of New Jersey, 
a.- his chief of staff, and though the title of 
"Colonel" is often the cause of mild amuse- 
ment to his naval friends "Colonel"' Thompson 
he remains, for in America they say : "Once a 
colonel always a colonel. - ' 

On April 30, 1873, Colonel Thompson mar- 
ried Sarah Gibbs, (laughter of Gov. William 
Channing Gibbs and Mary (Kane), his wife, 



of Newport. R. I. Their only daughter, Sarah 
Gibbs. married Stephen H. P. Pell. April 17, 
1901, and they have two grandsons, Robert 
I hompson Pell and John Howland Gibbs Pell. 
— ( Contributed by Dr. W. J. McKnight.) 

JAMES I. BRADY, who is now living prac- 
tically retired, with an attractive home in the 
borough of Brookville, has been a resident of 
Jefferson county since the time of his birth 
and has pro\ed himself a worthy representa- 
tive of a family whose name has been closely 
linked with the march of civic and industrial 
progress here, while the name which he bears 
has been linked with Pennsylvania annals for 
several generations. Mr. Brady finds ample 
demands upon his time and attention in his 
loyal and effective service as a member of the 
borough council of Brookville and as chairman 
of the Republican county committee, his finesse 
in directing political forces having made him 
specially eligible for this latter office, to which 
he was elected in the spring of 1914 for a term 
of two years and reelected in the spring of 
1916 for a second term. The year 1916 also 
records his second experience as a member of 
the municipal council, in which he is the able 
champion of progressive measures and judi- 
cious management of the fiscal affairs of the 
borough. He had previously served as a mem- 
ber of council for a period of six years. 

Mr. Brady was born in Pinecreek township, 
this county, July 1. 1852, son of Oliver C. and 
Margaret Ann ( Long) Brady, both of whom 
were residents of Pinecreek township at the 
time of their deaths. James Y. Brady, his 
grandfather, was for many years a prominent 
and influential citizen and representative 
farmer of Mahoning township, Indiana county, 
where he served forty years in the office of 
justice of the peace. He was a native of 
Pennsylvania and a cousin of the well known 
Capt. Samuel Brady, who gained much of 
historic fame for his service in connection with 
Indian warfare. James Y. Brady wedded 
Sarah Ricketts. who was born in Virginia, a 
member of one of the old and honored fami- 
lies of that historic Commonwealth, and who 
was a woman of exceptional culture and of 
most gracious personality. They continued 
their residence in Indiana county until they 
died. They were the parents of the following 
children: Andrew Jackson, born Feb. 3. 1815; 
John, born July 12, 1816; Mary Jane, born 
Feb. 12. 1820; Julia A., born June 21. 1823; 
James C., born Dec. 23, 1825 ; Oliver Crom- 
well, born July 15, 1827; Evaline, born Oct. 
10, 1829; William Wallace, born Nov. 25. 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



147 



1831 ; George Washington, born July 19, 1833; 
Silas Wright, born July 24. 1836. This family 
were all born in Mahoning township, Indiana 
Co., Pennsylvania. 

Oliver C. Brady was born on the old home- 
stead farm in Indiana county, where he was 
reared and educated, 'and as a young man he 
became one of the early settlers of Pinecreek 
township, Jefferson county, where he improved 
a good farm, besides becoming associated with 
lumbering operations. There both he and 
his wife continued to maintain their home 
until death. Mrs. Brady was a daughter of 
John Long, who was a well known citizen of 
Jefferson county. Oliver C. Brady was a man 
of strong mentality and mature judgment, 
commanded secure place in the popular es- 
teem, and was influential in public affairs of a 
local order, lie was a stanch adherent of the 
Republican party, and in addition to having 
served many years as justice of the peace in 
Pinecreek township he was for three years a 
member of the board of county commission- 
ers. He and his wife are survived by three 
children, James I. being the oldest of the num- 
ber; John L. is a substantial citizen of Pine- 
creek township, and Nora E. is the wife of 
George Bankston, near Oil City. The parents 
were Methodists in religious connection. 

James I. Brady found the period of his 
childhood and youth compassed by the en- 
vironment and influences of the home farm, 
with the work of which he continued to be 
associated until he had attained to the age of 
twenty years. The public schools of his na- 
tive township in the meanwhile afforded him 
good educational advantages. At the age noted 
he quit the farm and secured employment from 
James Humphrey, remaining in his employ un- 
til he located in Brookville, where he took 
charge of the Blain sawmill as superintendent, 
owned by his uncles Andrew Jackson Brady 
and James E. Long. He continued in their 
employ for a period of fifteen years, until 
their operations were finished, and thereafter 
he was successfully engaged in the mercan- 
tile business at Brookville for about ten years. 
Since severing his active association with the 
last mentioned line of enterprise he has lived 
practically retired, save that the people of 
his native county, recognizing his eligibility 
and sterling worth, have called upon him to 
serve in public office and as one of the able 
leaders of the Republican party in the county. 
He is affiliated with the local lodge of the Inde- 
pendent Order of Odd Fellows and he and his 
wife are communicants of the Lutheran 
Church. 



In 1877 Mr. Brady was married to Amanda 
Schuckers, daughter of the late Daniel 
Schuckers, who came to Jefferson county from 
Pottsville, Schuylkill county. Mr. and Mrs. 
Brady have two children : Leroy I., born Feb. 
9, 1879, passed ten years as bookkeeper and 
store manager for a large and important in- 
dustrial concern in Mexico, and he and his 
family now reside in the city of Pittsburgh, 
Pa. ; he married Mamie Zimmerman, and they 
have one child, Carrie May. Alma May. born 
Nov. 17, 1883, is the wife of John J. O'Sulli- 
van, of Brookville, and their two children are 
James Brady O'Sullivan and John Walter 
O'Sullivan. 

HARRY R. GOURLEY, M. D., of Punx- 
sutawney, member of the staff of the Punxsu- 
tawney Hospital and known throughout that 
section as a conscientious practitioner, is one 
of the popular representatives of his profes- 
sion in Jefferson county. His office is at the 
drug store of Dr. S. S. Hamilton, his former 
employer and long-time associate, with whom 
he has maintained friendly relations of many 
years' standing. 

Dr. Gourley is a native of Jefferson county 
and a member of one of the early settled fam- 
ilies of Perry township, to which section his 
grandfather, Thomas Gourley, came in young 
manhood. His great-grandfather, George 
Gourley, established the family in America 
and western Pennsylvania. Born in 1769 in 
Londonderry, Ireland, he came to this coun- 
try and for a few years thereafter resided in 
Huntingdon county, Pa. His permanent loca- 
tion, however, was then made in Armstrong 
county, where he died aged eighty-two years. 
Sept. 6, 1850. His wife, whose maiden name 
was Rosanna McNeal, died Sept. 9, 1853, and 
they are buried in the Perry cemetery in Jef- 
ferson county. Having come to this section in 
the pioneer period, they had many interesting 
tales to relate of the early days which have 
come down to the present through their nu- 
merous descendants. Their large family were 
born as follows : Thomas, Oct. 28. 1805 ; John. 
May 19, 1808 (died in May, 1891): James, 
Aug. 23, 1810 (died March'21, 1867); Mar- 
garet, Jan. 24, 1812; Alexander, June 4, 1814; 
George. March 17, 1S16 (died Jan. 23. 1846) ; 
Rosanna. March 12, 1819; Armstrong, Sept. 
15, 1820; Robert. May 2j, 1822; Nancy, Nov. 
23, 1823; Mary Ann, Sept. 18, 1826. 

Thomas Gourley, son of George, above, was 
born Oct. 28, 1805, in Ireland, and was a boy 
when he accompanied his parents to this coun- 
try. In early manhood he located in Perry 



148 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



township, Jefferson county, then a sparsely 
settled region, and he acquired land and fol- 
lowed farming-, making a good home for his 
large family. He was one of the honored citi- 
zens of his day. His death occurred when 
he was about sixty years old, and his wife 
Ellen (Adams) survived him some twenty 
years. She was born in Pennsylvania, daugh- 
ter of Robert and Margaret (Crawford) 
Adams, the former also a native of this State. 
Eleven children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Thomas Gourley, viz. : Robert ; George ; Sam- 
uel Thomas: Marcus: James, born Dec. 25, 
1835 : Lucinda ; John ; Crawford ; Lewis ; Mag- 
gie, and Gaskill. John and Crawford arc the 
only survivors at this writing (1916). The 
daughter Lucinda married Ralston Mitchell. 
by whom she had two daughters: Maggie A., 
wife of Dr. W. F. Beyer, of Punxsutawney ; 
and Sarah Eleanora, deceased, who was the 
first wife of Dr. S. S. Hamilton, of Punxsu- 
tawney. After Mr. Mitchell's death his widow 
married, Jacob Grube. by whom she also had 
two children : Maude, wife of Elmer Veil ; 
and Lewis, who married Tena Philippi. Mag- 
gie, the voungest daughter of Thomas Gourley. 
married James Hamilton. 

Robert Gourley, eldest son of Thomas, was 
for a number of years a prominent farmer in 
Perry township, where he owned and operated 
a valuable tract of land. He was also very 
successful as a salesman of farm machinery 
during his active years. Moving in later life 
to DuBois. Clearfield county, he died there at 
the age of sixty-nine years. His wife, Anna 
(Bell), was a daughter of the late Judge 
Tames H. Bell, of Bells Mills. Jefferson county. 
and to their union were born six children, 
three sons dying young. The others are : Ella, 
wife of Lafayette Sutter and mother of Maize, 
Max, Morey, Irene, Harry. Hamilton, Lenora 
and Anna Bell ; Harry R. is the only surviving 
son ; Sarah Jane, twin of Harry, is the sec- 
ond wife of Dr. S. S. Hamilton, of Punxsu- 
tawney, a leading physician and druggist. 

Harry R. Gourley was born May 23. 1872, 
in Perry township, where he spent his early 
years in rural environment and obtained his 
elementary education in the public schools. 
Subsequently he was sent to the Covode Acad- 
emy in Indiana count v. and had three terms' 
experience as a school teacher, one in Wins- 
low township. Jefferson county, one at Coal 
Glen, Tefferson county, and the other in Clear- 
field county. For six years following he was 
in the employ of the American Express Com- 
pany, at DuBois and Bradford, Pa., at the end 
of that period becoming a clerk in the drug 



store of Dr. S. S. Hamilton, at Punxsutaw- 
ney, a position he filled for eight years. Mean- 
time he had decided upon entering the medical 
profession, so in 1898 he entered the ( >hio 
Medical University, from which he was grad- 
uated in June, 1902. For about nine months 
he practiced at a small town known as Center 
Village, near Delaware, Ohio, but he was en- 
couraged to return to his native county, locat- 
ing at Punxsutawney, where he was associated 
in practice with Dr. S. S. Hamilton for a 
period of six months. Then for a year he was 
at Rochester Mills, Indiana county, coming 
back to Punxsutawney and resuming partner- 
ship with Dr. Hamilton, with whom he prac- 
ticed from 1904 to 191 2. Dr. Gourley was 
ambitious to take up some special work and 
accordingly went to Boston, Mass., where he 
pursued his chosen studies in pediatrics (dis- 
eases of children ) for the next six months, 
since when he has followed general practice 
at Punxsutawney. specializing in pediatrics. 
He gives considerable time to his work at the 
hospital, and has been active among the mem- 
bers of his profession as a loyal member of the 
Jefferson County Medical Society, the Red 
Bank Physicians' Protective Association, the 
State Medical Society and the American Med- 
ical Association. Socially he holds member- 
ship in the B. P. O. Elks lodge at 
Punxsutawney. Dr. Gourley 's unselfish devo- 
tion to the needs of his patrons has won their 
admiration and unqualified approval, mani- 
fested in many ways, as much for the fine 
traits which inspire it as for the success which 
has attended his efforts. 

Dr. Gourley married Edith Jenkins, daugh- 
ter of John Jenkins, of DuBois, Pa., and their 
children are Maxine, Sarah and Harry. lr. 

SYLVESTER S. HAMILTON, M. D., a 
foremost medical practitioner of Punxsutaw- 
ney and one of the leading druggists in that 
section of Jefferson county, has been estab- 
lished in the borough since 1878. when he 
came to practice with Dr. Altaian. Born 
Aug. 12, 1852, in Indiana county. Pa., he is 
a son of James A. and Isabella ( Sutton) Ham- 
ilton, both also natives of that county. James 
A. Hamilton was engaged as a tanner for 
about twenty years, having learned the trade 
in early life, and in 1861 became a merchant 
in Indiana county, also buying and shipping 
large numbers of horses. Moving to Big Run. 
Jefferson county, he carried on merchandising 
and lumbering there until his retirement, in 
1893. He died in April, 1807, a g e d seventy- 
three years. Having served more than twenty- 



JEFFERSON COUNTY. PENNSYLVANIA 



14 ( J 



five years as a justice of the peace, he was 
well known as "Squire" Hamilton, and was 
influential among his neighbors, who trusted 
and esteemed him highly. His wife died in 
1883. 

Sylvester S. Hamilton began attending 
school near his early home, later went to the 
Covode Academy, and taught during the win- 
ters in his young manhood, meanwhile con- 
tinuing his studies as opportunity offered. In 
1869 he attended school at Lebanon, Ohio, 
completed his literary course in the university 
at Scio, that State, and in 1875 began the study 
of medicine with Dr. William Altman, of 
Punxsutawney. He attended lectures at Jef- 
ferson Medical College, Philadelphia, and 
Columbus (Ohio) Medical College, graduat- 
ing from the latter institution in 1878, in 
which year he entered upon practice with his 
former preceptor. The confidence he gained 
during the early years of his professional ca- 
reer has never waned, his reputation as one 
of the most reliable general practitioners in 
his section having been maintained by inde- 
fatigable and skillful service to the many 
who depend upon him as their medical adviser. 
lie became the owner of a drug store in Punx- 
sutawney which he still conducts, commanding 
a very large share of the local trade for the 
various lines of merchandise carried, both 
drugs and a general stock of paints and the 
various other commodities usually found in 
similar establishments. Dr. Hamilton has been 
honored with the presidency of the Jefferson 
County Medical Society, and holds member- 
ship in the State Medical Society, the Amer- 
ican Medical Association and the National 
Association of Railway Surgeons. His fra- 
ternal connections are with the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen and Knights of Pythias 
at Punxsutawney. The Doctor is a loyal Re- 
publican and has been an effective party 
worker in the county. He was elected to the 
legislature in kjOi for a term of two years 
and rendered valuable services while a mem- 
ber of the Flouse. 

Dr. Hamilton has been twice married. In 
1876 he wedded Sarah Eleanor Mitchell, 
daughter of Ralston Mitchell, of Jefferson 
county, and she died July 24. 1890, leaving 
one daughter. Dr. Cecil Beatrice, now the wife 
of Dr. W. H. Gilmore, of Mount Vernon, 
111.; she has three children, John, William R. 
and Eleanor. On Feb. 11, 1892, Dr. Hamil- 
ton married Sarah J. Gourley, daughter of 
Robert Gourley, and' by this union has two 
children, Sylvester S., Jr., and Robert. Dr. 
and Mrs. Hamilton are members of the Pres- 



byterian Church, which he has served as 
elder for thirty-live years. 

ALFRED TRUMAN, of Brookville, is a 
most honored and versatile citizen of that 
borough, where he has largely made his home 
from youth. A native of England, he came 
to this country seeking the opportunities which 
its developing resources seemed to offer, and 
was not disappointed in his quest. Then, hav- 
ing exceeded his expectations in the line of 
worldly success, he withdrew from active par- 
ticipation in business occupations to follow 
the pleasant ways of his personal tastes. 
Travel has been one of his chief delights, and 
his gift as a descriptive writer has been turned 
to most pleasing use, enabling him to share 
such pleasures with his fellows. Mr. Truman's 
connection with lumbering interests in Penn- 
sylvania covers a varied experience in the 
practical work as well as in the executive role 
of operator, and his actual familiarity with all 
its details, and the intimate knowledge of other 
interesting things he has acquired at great 
pains, invest his writings with real worth for 
his many thousands of readers. 

Mr. Truman was born in Nottingham, Eng- 
land, Dec. 14, 1844, son of Sylvester and Mary 
Truman, also natives of Nottingham, where 
they lived and died. Their children were : 
Annie, wife of Benjamin Warsop, of London, 
England ; Hon. Henry Truman, of Brookville, 
Pa. ; Eliza, deceased ; William, of Brookville, 
Pa., deceased; Mary, a resident of Oil City, 
Pa. ; Alfred ; Frank, who was killed in 1863 
while serving in the Civil war; and Emily, a 
resident of Nottingham, England. The father 
was a manufacturer of lace machinery. 

It was in 1861 that Alfred Truman, then 
aged sixteen years, came to the United States. 
It had been arranged between his father and 
a .Mr. Finch, general contractor at that time, 
that he was to stay in Pittsburgh, Pa., but in- 
stead he came on to Brookville and engaged 
in land clearing, farming and the work of 
lumbering. Ha was one of the pioneer steam 
engineers of this region, and, as noted in the 
article quoted below, ran the first locomotive 
in Jefferson county and hauled the first saw 
logs drawn by steam power in America. He 
married at the early age of twenty, and soon 
thereafter commenced the work of clearing a 
farm. His knowledge of the lumber business, 
in the meantime, had been broadening steadily, 
and he launched into it with spirit as well as 
skill, meeting every obstacle courageously, and 
crowning his career with remarkable success 
at the age of forty-eight. His lumber opera- 



150 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



tions had taken him into Elk and Cameron 
counties, Pa., as well as his home county, and 
into Clay county, Ala., his interests in this 
State being fairly extensive, the Southern 
operation by far the largest. Though he began 
with nothing, he went forward so rapidly that 
he not only had capital to finance his own ven- 
tures, but to loan to others. It was his policy 
always to keep clear of debt, and he never 
labored under its restrictions in any of his 
undertakings. 

Mr. Truman was still in his prime when he 
retired, and he has had many hobbies to make 
his leisure enjoyable. He has traveled ex- 
tensively in Europe, as well as over much of 
the American continent, having crossed the 
Atlantic eleven times in his trips to and from 
the Old World, where he has visited Belgium, 
Holland, Switzerland, France and Germany, 
besides covering all of the British Isles. Being 
thoroughly practical, and a keen observer, and 
possessing marked ability as a writer, he has 
written hundreds of descriptive articles con- 
cerning his travels for the press, as well as dis- 
cussions on matters of leading interest to the 
country and the world at large, and he has the 
reputation of being the best composer in his 
particular literary held in the several counties 
adjacent to his place of residence. That others 
might derive further pleasure and profit from 
his travels, he has gone to considerable ex- 
pense to procure stereopticon views of the 
scenes which he found especially attractive or 
noteworthy, and with them has given, and con- 
tinues to give, free illustrated lectures which 
have been greatly enjoyed wherever pre- 
sented. 

Mr. Truman has had another hobby worthy 
of particular mention, the making of handsome 
carving knives for his friends, both at home 
and abroad, in the countries he has visited. In 
fact, the years of his retirement have been 
largely occupied with traveling, writing and 
knife making, for he has made and distributed, 
over much of the world, some twelve hundred 
fine knives. Although not affiliated with 
church work, he has aided the various churches 
with lectures and suppers very generously. 
Local affairs have always had his solicitous 
attention, and he is serving at present as a 
member of the Brookville town council. 

On Julv 6, 1865, Mr. Truman married 
Elizabeth Ford, daughter of George Ford, both 
from Nottingham, England. Of the six chil- 
dren born to them, Annie met death by acci- 
dent when nine years old ; Ella is married to 
F. H. Kaupp. a lumberman of Alabama and 
Mississippi : Rena married John J. Laumer, 



wholesale lumber dealer, of Birmingham, Ala. ; 
Frank was killed by accident at his father's 
lumber operation in Elk county, Pa. ; Fred, 
who is in business and residing at Salamanca, 
N. Y., married Eva Burgham ; Ralph, of 
Brookville, Pa., married Lulu Stewart. 

From the interesting personal reminiscences 
of Alfred Truman we take the following ac- 
count of the "First Steam Log Train": 

"The first hauling of logs by steam power 
over a tramroad was in the spring of 1864, 
by the firm of Wright & Pier, then operating 
at the mouth of Callan run on the Clarion 
river, seventeen miles north of Brookville, Pa. 
The idea was conceived by Mr. Wright, the 
firm hitherto having used horses, just as all 
lumbermen were doing, to haul logs in the 
summer time to the mills. An eight-horse- 
power portable boiler and engine was pro- 
cured at Pittsburgh, shipped to Kittanning — 
the nearest point of railway delivery at that 
time, and from there wagoned to its destina- 
tion, a distance of sixty-five miles. At this 
earl)- day, outside of machine shops, there 
were but two engineers in all of that region 
of Pennsylvania — Silas Miller, of Brookville, 
and myself, then a lad of eighteen. I was 
employed along with Brush Baxter, a mill- 
wright, to construct a car upon which to erect 
the engine, and thus convert the thing into a 
locomotive. It is safe to say that, when com- 
pleted, it was the queerest looking locomotive 
the world has ever seen. The power from the 
engine was transmitted to the axles of the car 
by means of an eight-inch rubber belt running 
from a pulley on the engine shaft to a pulley 
on one of the car axles, made tight by the use 
of a tightener pulley. The two car axles were 
connected by cranks and connecting rods. 

"The engine having been made to run in 
but one direction, we had to add an additional 
eccentric and eccentric rod, both rods being 
constructed so as to work on the same pin of 
the rock arm; so that whilst one of the rods 
was at work, the other hung in a leather strap 
and moved idly to and fro. To reverse the 
engine, one had to change the relative positions 
of the eccentric rods, and this could only be 
done by bringing the engine to a standstill. 

"The day having been set for the trial of the 
'Little Wonder,' invitations were sent out to 
the ladies and gentlemen of the surrounding 
firms, among whom was the Raught family, 
then in the midst of a world of forest wealth 
common to that noble region in those early 
days. The day came, and with it the merry 
gathering of invited guests. The ladies, ar- 
rayed on the grass-plot bank above the tram- 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



151 



road, waving their handkerchiefs and wildly 
cheering as the little engine puffed and rolled 
away, presented a scene the fairest and most 
animated ever witnessed on the banks of that 
once magnificent stream — the Clarion. 

"The tramroad was four miles in length, 
built of cribbing and stringers, having wooden 
rails, which were bored and pinned to the 
stringers with wooden pins. For a time I was 
given an assistant to run the train, but later 
was asked by my employer if I could not man- 
age the work alone, my answer being that I 
could, and cheerfully did so. The laborious 
work of loading the cars alone was not the 
only difficulty to contend with ; added to that 
was the work of scrambling from the engine 
to the log cars, over the logs and to the brakes 
on coming to the various steep pitches, and 
then back to the engine again. Picture all this 
and night overtaking one, having to make the 
fearful descents without lantern or light of 
any description : knowing every foot of road 
in the pitchy darkness from a knowledge which 
came as by intuition and worked in a manner 
like instinct. 

"Since then the world has changed, and 
when we compare the primitive methods thus 
described with the great operations where 
modern locomotives and cars are used in con- 
nection with the steam loader, one cannot help 
but admire the progress, although we may 
deeply deplore the ruin and destruction which 
these more scientific methods have made on 
the forests of the country." 

LUTHER GEER, "A Tribute to the Old- 
Time Millwright," by Alfred Truman. — Dat- 
ing back to fifty-odd years ago, I had an inti- 
mate knowledge and acquaintance of the 
mechanics of that time in this section of the 
country. I mean the old-time and type of 
workman, a kind of genius in the art of con- 
struction we no longer know of, and never 
will again. We see in the blind the develop- 
ment of faculties that to us, of sight, are im- 
penetrable, and so it was with the inherent 
aptitude of our earlier men — the necessity to 
accomplish, on their part, unaided by the power 
of education. 

My first millwright work was with ''Old' - 
Luther Geer, the father of the late Lawson 
Geer, on an up-and-down mill, as far back as 
1865, Luther being past seventy-five at that 
time. Lawson followed in the footsteps of 
his father, but it is of Luther and his genera- 
tion that I wish to bring back to memory in 
the course of this writing. 

Nowadays the work of a mechanic consists 



largely of making plans and specifications and 
later of assembling the parts as the same 
come from the factory. In earlier days the 
plans were in the heads of the master work- 
men and the ability to put the same into execu- 
tion was in their hands and brain together. 
Blueprints were not known to these men, and 
of all those who could construct independent 
of drawings, none so excelled as did my first 
tutor, Luther Geer, the backwoodsman of 
the first half of the nineteenth century. 

Of this most remarkable man there are left 
but few who knew and can longer speak of 
him, a man who worked and fashioned mills 
and buildings,from the stump without the use 
of a figure or a line of drawing. Even in my 
youth I was amazed to see his self-taught 
manner of doing things and doing them to 
perfection — the making of shafts from com- 
mon logs, finding the centers and inserting 
gudgeons, and its final working out to take 
its place in a mill, as perfectly formed as if 
from the lathe of a great workshop. Then 
came the knowledge possessed of bevel and 
mitre gear work — both friction and cog gear 
— worked out to an infinitesimal nicety as re- 
gards pitch, speed and working action ; no 
matter what the difference in size of the driver 
and driven, all these infinite calculations being 
contained in the head of a totally uneducated 
man. He seemed to perform these mechanical 
miracles as naturally as do birds build their 
nests, and in no instance was there any guess- 
work. His appeared to be a case of prodigious 
mentality, an ability to perform independent 
of schooling or scientific training. Luther 
Geer was a backwoodsman, a child of the then 
great forests, and his genius developed to suit 
the conditions under which he lived. 

When building a mill, having the various 
parts ready to be placed, every one. with the 
educated man of to-day, would have been a 
consideration for accurate drawings on scien- 
tific principles, but not so with the encyclo- 
pedic prodigy of which I write. His manner 
of doing things was not z. mere matter of ap- 
plying old principles to a new purpose, for 
both principles and purpose were already old. 
His knowledge and the way he applied it was 
to him unwritten, as are the constitutions of 
some nations. 

Luther Geer and his assistants were not 
versed in, and therefore never used, scientific 
or technical terms in connection with their 
work. For such words as inertia, efficiency, 
diagonal, periphery, equilibrium, centrifugal, 
momentum, units and many other terms now 
constantly in use by mechanics, these back- 



152 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



woodsmen had a nomenclature of their own ; 
for the word "diagonal" they used "yaper," 
and, beyond this, all their other peculiar ex- 
pressions in mechanics have passed from me. 
In this same connection, I venture to say, could 
"Old" Luther Geer, and others who were con- 
temporaneous with him, be brought back to 
life and placed in company with our modern 
satellites engaged in conversation on matters 
of mechanical construction, that neither could 
understand the other. 

If my memory serves me right, the firm's 
name I want to recall was "The Great Western 
Iron Company." and was located in former 
years on the Allegheny river. This same firm 
was engaged in the construction of an immense 
plant, the structure being of timbers. The 
managers had employed what was thought to 
be the most highly skilled mechanic in the 
State to lay out the framing, and when in the 
midst of the stupendous job, the architect be- 
came utterly lost in his work and in a state of 
bewilderment gave it up. The cry went far 
and wide, the general proclaim being that if 
any man living could master the undertaking 
it was Luther Geer. This came to the hear- 
ing of the ironmasters and Geer was soon on 
the job. Before proceeding to lay out a stick, 
Geer measured his ten-foot pole, to discover 
that it had been maliciously shortened by two 
inches. The great framer kept this deficiency 
in mind in his measurements, and in the course 
of weeks framed, finished and raised the great 
building without having made a single error, 
a performance of 'its kind never before nor 
since equaled in this State. 

With the passing away of my generation, 
there will be none left to tell of the mechani- 
cal characters we had in early days, and how 
different life was then as now. Of Luther 
Geer, this may be the last mentioned of him. 
and shortly he will be lost to all living mem- 
ory. — The' Brookville Republican, Thursday, 
January 20. 1916. 

TOSEPH BAUMGARTNER was the 
founder of the Punxsutawney Brewery and 
it is principally due to his initiative and tech- 
nical ability that the business of this concern 
has been developed to its present substantial 
proportions. In his native land he learned the 
brewing business according to the unexcelled 
standards maintained in Bavaria, and in bis 
present enterprise he has brought to bear the 
expert knowledge thus gained, with the result 
that the Punxsutawney Brewery is known for 
the superiority of its products and commands 
a large and appreciative trade. This important 



industrial enterprise is being successfully con- 
ducted under a State license. 

In the Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany, 
Joseph Baumgartner was born on the 5th of 
January, 1858, and his parents passed their 
entire lives in that beautiful section of Ger- 
many. His father, George Baumgartner, was 
a miller by occupation. In the schools of his 
fatherland Joseph Baumgartner enjoyed ex- 
cellent educational advantages in his youth, 
and there also he served a most thorough ap- 
prenticeship to the brewers' trade, under the 
admirable system that has made Bavarian beer 
world-famous. At the age of twenty-four 
years Mr. Baumgartner came to the United 
States and established his residence in the city 
of Pittsburgh, Pa., where he entered the em- 
ploy of the Iron City Brewery, with which he 
continued his association three years. For the 
ensuing nine years he held a responsible posi- 
tion with another large brewery in Pittsburgh, 
and he then, in 1893, came t0 Punxsutawney 
and established himself independently in the 
brewing business. For a time his establish- 
ment was known as the Spring Brewery, but 
later the original title of Punxsutawney Brew- 
ery was again adopted. Bernard Schneider 
was associated with Mr. Baumgartner as a 
partner in the business for a few years, and 
after his retirement Mr. Baumgartner con- 
ducted the enterprise independently for two 
years. Then, in 1902, he effected the organi- 
zation of a stock company, as a matter of com- 
mercial expediency, and the Punxsutawney 
Brewing Company is duly incorporated under 
the laws of Pennsylvania, with Joseph JBaum- 
gartner as president, Ben Record as general 
manager, and Frank Lang as secretary and 
treasurer. The plant of the company is thor- 
oughly modern in equipment and facilities, and 
is eligibly situated adjacent to the tracks of 
the Pennsylvania railroad on the south side 
of the borough. Its average output of high- 
grade beer is twenty thousand barrels a year. 

Mr. Baumgartner is one of the vital, pro- 
gressive and public-spirited citizens of Punx- 
sutawney, is a Republican in his political 
allegiance, and is affiliated with the local or- 
ganizations of the Benevolent Protective Or- 
der of Elks, the Improved Order of Red Men 
and the Fraternal Order of Eagles. 

In the vear 1883 was recorded the marriage 
of Mr. Baumgartner to Katrina Arand, and 
they had eight children, namely: Joseph C, 
Gregory, Francis, Edward. Albert. Julius. 
Marv and Helen. For his second wife he 
married Theresa Seigfried. 



LIJ 





t^rt 



^i^t^L^J 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



153 



T. R. WILLIAMS, M. D., now a resident 
of Cynwyd, Montgomery Co., Pa., held rank 
with the leading medical practitioners in south- 
ern Jefferson county for thirty years. During 
that period his record shows ••a variety of 
professional activities justifying his reputa- 
tion, as physician and surgeon for the Buffalo, 
Rochester & Pittsburgh Coal & Iron Company, 
as surgeon for the Buffalo, Rochester & Pitts- 
burgh Railroad Company, as one of the enthu- 
siastic spirits in the establishment and conduct 
of the Adrian Hospital, and in private prac- 
tice. Aside from his medical work, his mate- 
rial interests have been chiefly in banking 
institutions, with which he still retains his asso- 
ciation. His career has been crowded with 
constructive labors, whose practical results 
make up a creditable part of the record of 
progress which Punxsutawney and all that 
section of the county have to show during the 
three decades of his residence there. 

Dr. Williams was born in the fifties on a 
farm in Twin township, in the southern part 
■ of Darke county, Ohio, and his early life was 
passed in the manner customary among farmer 
boys of the time. That is. he worked on the 
farm in the summer months and studied his 
a b c's in the pioneer log schoolhouse of the 
vicinity during the winter season. His young 
manhood was spent in the alternate pursuit of 
work and study quite usual among professional 
aspirants. In the early seventies he entered 
Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware. Ohio, 
where he was a student for five years, grad- 
uating with the class of 1878, and he followed 
by matriculating at the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons at Baltimore, Md., where he- 
took a three years' course, being graduated in 
1881. Meantime he had taught school for 
four terms in his native State. His profes- 
sional experience has all been obtained in 
Pennsylvania. Locating at Dagus Mines, Elk 
county, he practiced there a short time, and 
also made a brief stay at Brockwayville. Jef- 
ferson county. In 1883 he settled at Beech- 
tree, this county, as physician and surgeon for 
the Buffalo, Rochester & Pittsburgh Coal & 
Iron Company, a few years later — 1887 — 
changing to Adrian in the same capacity, his 
connection with this company extending over 
a period of more than thirty years. In 1888 
he took a six months' post-graduate course 
at the New York Polyclinic. Dr. Williams 
had not been long at Adrian before he rec- 
ognized the need for a hospital, affording 
better facilities for the care of surgical cases 
especially, and he associated himself vigor- 
ously with the movement for securing such an 



institution, with the result that the Adrian 
Hospital was established at Adrian, being 
opened publicly Feb. 11, 1889. It was removed 
to its present location, in Punxsutawney, in 
1901 to allow further scope for its work. 
Though primarily intended to benefit the men 
injured in the mines, it was impossible to 
keep the services of the hospital within those 
limits for long, once its usefulness was per- 
ceived by the inhabitants of the locality, and 
thus as a general hospital it is covering a wider 
field even than the founders contemplated. 

From the time of the establishment of the 
hospital until about two years ago Dr. Wil- 
liams remained an active member of its med- 
ical staff, working faithfully to promote its 
efficiency in every respect, and carrying out 
the purposes of the institution in accordance 
with the best ideals of humanitarian and med- 
ical motives. He changed his home from 
Adrian to Punxsutawney Feb. 3, 1898, and in 
November, 191 5, he removed to Cynwyd, Pa., 
where he now resides. He is still a member 
of the hospital staff and of the board of di- 
rectors. 

Dr. Williams has been a director of the 
Dayton (Pa.) National Bank since its organ- 
ization, and was a charter member of that 
institution. He was also a charter member of 
the Punxsutawney National Bank, and for a 
number of years has served on its directorship. 
In the spring of 1903 he became associated 
with J. B. and S. S. Henderson, of Brookville, 
in the organization of the Pocahontas Lumber 
Company of Brookville, an account of whose 
interests and operations will be found in the 
biography of S. S. Henderson. In 1913 Dr. 
Williams and Mr. S. S. Henderson were asso- 
ciated in the purchase of twelve hundred acres 
of valuable coal lands in Indiana county, Pa., 
at Dilltown, establishing the Dilltown Smoke- 
less Coal Company, whose workings are at 
Dilltown. 

On Oct. 6, 1890, Dr. Williams married Mrs. 
F. L. Raifstanger. and they have one son, 
George Howe. Since 1890 the Doctor has 
been a communicant of the Episcopal Church. 

JOHN CHILLCOTT, of Brookville, super- 
intendent of prospecting for the Shawmut 
Mining Company, is known as one of the most 
thoroughly informed men in that region in 
regard to the value of local mining lands. 
His knowledge of the geology of this section 
has enabled him to take an effective part in the 
location and development of coal properties, 
and though as a man of modest disposition he 
has kept out of the limelight, doing his work 



154 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



quietly and without ostentation, yet there are 
few whose authority has as much weight and 
still fewer who are called into consultation 
when important coal land deals are pending. 
Many of the best paying workings of the 
Shawmut Company have been acquired and 
developed on his advice, and his opinions are 
accepted without question wherever he is 
known. Mr. Chillcott has led an interesting 
life, filled with hard work but varied by unus- 
ual incidents and valuable experiences which 
he recalls with pleasure as welcome diversions 
from the monotony of routine. 

Up to the generation preceding his own, 
Mr. Chillcott's ancestors have had notable rec- 
ords as soldiers, and one of his nephews is 
now serving in the world war. His grandfa- 
ther was a soldier in the British army, serving 
thirty years in the King's Guards, and taking 
an active part in many of the most important 
military operations of his time. He took part 
in the capture of Napoleon, was sent to Amer- 
ica and was at the battle of New Orleans, and 
took ship for England with his own and other 
regiments after that engagement, their pres- 
ence in America being plainly unwelcome. 
However, they were not allowed to land, being 
returned at once to France (whence they had 
been transported to America). Napoleon hav- 
ing come from Elba. Three of the sons of this 
soldier also served their country, the one for 
whom John Chillcott was named having been 
killed at the battle of Sebastopol, in the Cri- 
mea. One died in the China war, and one on 
his way home. 

Thomas Chillcott, father of John Chillcott, 
was born in the barracks at Bristol, England, 
and became a cable chain maker, making the 
chains used for shipping and dock purposes. 
He earned good wages at that occupation, but 
it brought him into the company of undesir- 
able associates, and neither he nor his family 
received all the benefits of his labor under 
the circumstances. He was a kind and loving 
father and husband, and in August, 1868, 
largely through the influence of his wife's 
brother, decided to come to America with his 
family, where he could have just as good ad- 
vantages for making a living and be spared the 
disadvantages of surroundings not to their 
taste. They arrived at Brockwayville, Jeffer- 
son Co., Pa., in due time, finding a small vil- 
lage whose houses could be numbered on one's 
fingers and toes without missing one. It was 
just such a quiet home place as they were 
seeking. Thanks to some of the business men 
of the early days the sale of intoxicating 
drinks was prohibited there long ago, and has 



never been carried on legally since. When 
the Chillcotts arrived there were no iron mills 
or factories in the place, farming and lumber- 
ing being the only occupations followed on an 
extensive scale, and as Thomas Chillcott had 
no training in either line he turned to day 
labor and mine work in a country mine. He 
continued to follow farming and mining until 
about a year before his death, which occurred 
in March, 1899. He passed away leaving a 
record for honesty and integrity which had 
earned him the respect of all who knew him. 
His wife and eight children were at his side 
when he died. He was buried in Wildwood 
cemetery at Brockwayville, at which place he 
had resided from the time of his arrival in 
this country. 

John Chillcott was born in Staffordshire, 
England, in 1857, son of Thomas and Maria 
Chillcott. Unfortunately he was deprived of 
educational advantages, for there were no free 
schools in his native country during his early 
boyhood, and his parents could not always af- 
ford to pay for the privilege of sending him. 
Besides, after he was old enough to help care 
for the younger children he was needed at 
home. When but nine years old he com- 
menced to work in a factory, doing shift work, 
one week nights, the next days, and though his 
wages were but twelve and a half cents a day 
he thought himself of some importance the 
first time he placed a week's earnings in his 
mother's hands. 1 Ie has supported himself 
ever since, and his only regret has been that 
for lack of education the fight was an uphill 
one for many years. In the fall of 1S68 he 
went to work with his father in the country 
mine where the latter found employment as a 
laborer, and has been occupied in this line ever 
since. Having a natural liking for geology, he 
took up its study from the practical stand- 
point, getting whatever help he could from 
books and persons in the locality, and by close 
observation enlarged his knowledge until it 
became valuable. When yet a young man he 
ventured into contract work, and played a very 
extensive part in the development of the Toby 
Valley, contracting with the Northwest Min- 
ing & Exchange Company and others as well. 
He had just completed the opening and devel- 
opment of what is known as the West Cla- 
rion mine, at Brockwayville, when he was 
called to Shawmut by Mr. G. S. Ramsay, then 
general superintendent of the Shawmut Min- 
ing Company. This was in May, 1899, and he 
has been in the same service constantly since, 
holding the position of superintendent of pros- 
pecting, and having sole charge of this work 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



155 



for the company. His principal duty is to 
pass upon the value of coal lands which the 
company has in prospective ownership, and the 
vast tracts purchased during that period have 
been acquired upon his recommendation, the 
general superintendent authorizing the deal 
after obtaining his opinion. The company has, 
in fact, not bought any lands in the meantime 
without his inspection and approval, a state- 
ment which gives some idea of his responsi- 
bilities. The coal property of the Allegheny 
River Mining Company was practically all 
bought under the supervision of the Shawmut 
Mining Company, Mr. Ramsay having full 
charge until within a short time of his death, 
and under his superintendency the economical 
construction work and well directed develop- 
ment made the production the cheapest among 
all the mines of the Allegheny Valley Railroad 
Mining Company or the Shawmut Mining 
Company. Mr. Chillcott has also been con- 
sulted freely regarding the development of the 
mines, and has had much to do with the plan- 
ning of the work. 

Mr. Chillcott is a part owner and general 
manager of what is known as the Pawnee Coal 
Company, whose property is located three miles 
south of Brookville. It promises to develop 
into a five-hundred-ton mine very soon, and 
has been equipped with all modern machin- 
ery, being an up-to-date working in every re- 
spect and a credit to efficient management. 
Mr. Chillcott's part in its development and op- 
eration bids fair to add to an already enviable 
reputation. He has not confined himself en- 
tirely to geology and mining, but has acquired 
an extensive knowledge of lumbering and 
sawmill work and also farming, and because 
of his love for this life has purchased a small 
farm of six acres on which he has built a 
nice cottage home, where he resides at this 
writing. 

In 1879 Mr. Chillcott married Miss Frances 
Matson, a daughter of Alonzo Matson, one of 
the early lumbermen of Jefferson county, and 
to them were born three children, only one of 
whom lived to maturity, Leah V., now the wife 
of T- T. Armstrong, purchasing agent for the 
Pittsburgh & Shawmut Railroad Company and 
the Allegheny River Mining Company, and 
residing at Kittanning, Pennsylvania. 

PERRY A. HUNTER, of Brookville, is a 
native son of Jefferson county who has ren- 
dered excellent account of himself in material 
achievement along normal lines of business 
and industrial enterprise and also in public 
offices of distinctive trust. He gave four years 



of most effective service in the dual office of 
county recorder and register of deeds, from 
which he retired Jan. 1. 1916, and he has since 
held definite prestige as one of the representa- 
tive men of affairs at the judicial center of the 
county. 

Mr. Hunter was born in Knox township, 
this county, on the 12th of May, 1863, and is 
a grandson of Andrew Hunter, who was born 
in Ireland, where he was reared to adult age 
and whence he came to America when a young 
man. Andrew Hunter established his home 
at Bolivar, Westmoreland Co., Pa., soon after 
his arrival in the United States, and for a 
time he found occupation as a driver on the 
canal. In an early day he came to Jefferson 
county, where he purchased a tract of land, 
in Knox township, and turned his attention 
to agricultural pursuits. He developed one of 
the excellent farms of that township and on 
this old homestead he continued his residence, 
a sterling and honored citizen, until his death, 
at the venerable age of seventy-four years, 
his remains being interred in the new ceme- 
tery at Brookville. Of his children the first- 
born was Eliza, who became the wife of Rob- 
ert Springer and who was a resident of this 
county at the time of her death. The only 
other child who attained to years of maturity 
was Samuel A., father of him whose name 
introduces this article. 

Samuel A. Hunter was born in Westmore- 
land county, Pa., on the 25th of August, 1826, 
and there he passed the period of his child- 
hood and early youth. He was still young 
at the time of the family's removal to Jeffer- 
son county, and after the death of his honored 
father he became the latter's suctessor in the 
operating of the old homestead farm. He not 
only held for many years secure place as one 
of the representative agriculturists of Knox 
township, but also achieved success in con- 
nection with his extensive lumbering opera- 
tions in Jefferson and other counties of this 
section of the State. He served two consecu- 
tive terms as county commissioner, to which 
office he was elected in 1873 ar *d again in 
1875. and he was recognized as one of the 
leaders in the councils of the Republican party 
in Jefferson county, with definite vantage 
ground as one of the progressive, enlightened 
and public-spirited citizens of the county. For 
many years he gave efficient service as a mem- 
ber of the school board of his district, and 
he was always ready to lend his aid in the 
furtherance of measures and enterprises pro- 
jected for the general good of the community, 
the while his inviolable integrity in all of the 



156 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



relations of life gained to him the confidence 
and goodwill of all who knew him. As a man 
of thought and action he won large and sub- 
stantial prosperity. He continued his resi- 
dence upon his farm until he was called from 
the stage of his mortal endeavors, at the ripe 
age of nearly seventy-five years, his death hav- 
ing occurred on the ioth of January. 1901, and 
interment having been made in the Brookville 
cemetery. 

As a young man Samuel A. Hunter wedded 
Sarah H. Foster, who was horn in McKean 
county, Pa., and who was a daughter of Daniel 
Foster, her father having been a native of the 
State of Xew York and having been a resident 
of Pennsylvania for many years prior to his 
demise. Airs. Hunter survived her husband 
by seven years, and was summoned to eternal 
rest on the 1 6th of January, 1(508. secure in 
the affectionate regard of all who had come 
within the compass of her gracious influ- 
ence. 

Of the children of Samuel A. and Sarah 
H. (Foster) Hunter the firstborn. Amanda, 
met a tragic death, her clothing having taken 
fire when she was a child of three years, and 
her injuries having soon resulted fatally; 
Emma C. became the wife of William Mc- 
Guarv and was a resident of Brookville at the 
time of her death ; Elmer became an extensive 
fruit grower in the State of Idaho, where his 
death occurred in the year IQT5; Perry A., of 
this review, was the next in order of birth ; 
Mary A. died at the age of twelve years: 
Samuel A., Jr., owns and operates the fine old 
homestead farm of his father, in Knox town- 
ship, and is known as one of the most progres- 
sive and successful agriculturists of his native 
county ; Everett B. died when three vears 
old. 

The benignant influences of the home farm 
compassed Perry A. Hunter during his child- 
hood and early youth, and after profiting duly 
from the advantages afforded in the local pub- 
lic schools he furthered his education by at- 
tending the old Belleview Academy at Stanton, 
this county, and the G. W. Michael business 
college at Delaware. Ohio. As a youth he 
became actively and successfully identified with 
farming and school teaching, having taught 
thirteen terms in Jefferson county, after which 
he became associated with the lumber busi- 
ness, in which industry he continued his activi- 
ties until 1903. On the 17th of August of 
that vear he established his residence at Brook- 
ville. where he became associated with his 
brother Samuel A. in the ownership and con- 
duct of the "American Hotel." the leading 



hostelry of this thriving little borough. This 
alliance lasted until March 17, 1905, when 
they sold out to G. D. Buffington and F. L. 
Yerstine, this partnership existing until June 
of the same year, when Mr. Hunter effected 
the organization of the American Hotel Com- 
pany, by which the hotel property is now 
owned, the present corporate title of the com- 
pany having been adopted on the 1st of June, 
1905, and Mr. Hunter having since continued 
as a member of the board of trustees (direc- 
tors ) of the company. He has become largely 
interested in the operation of oil and gas well's 
in Jefferson and Venango counties, and has 
other capitalistic interests of important order. 
In politics Mr. Hunter has ever accorded 
unswerving allegiance to the Republican party, 
and as a citizen he has shown himself most 
loyal and public-spirited. In the autumn of 
1912 he was elected recorder and register of 
deeds of his native county, and of this office 
he continued in tenure four years, during 
which he gave a most efficient and acceptable 
administration. He was serving his second 
term as a member of the borough council of 
Brookville at the time of his election to the 
county office, to assume which latter he re- 
signed his position as a representative of the 
municipal government. At Reynoldsville. this 
county, Mr. Hunter is affiliated with the lodge 
of the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks; 
at Falls Creek he is identified with the organi- 
zation of the Improved Order of Red Men; 
and at Brookville he is affiliated with the 
Knights of Pythias and the Loyal Order of 
Moose. In his native county his circle of 
friends is virtually coincident with that of his 
acquaintances, and he is known as one of the 
wide-awake, liberal and progressive citizens of 
the county. 

In the year 1896 was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Mr. Hunter to Emma M. McCarm. 
who likewise was born and reared in Knox 
township, this county, where her father, the 
late Benjamin F. McCarm, was a prosperous 
farmer and influential citizen, his wife, Susan, 
who survives him. being a daughter of the 
late Thomas Hopkins, a sterling pioneer of 
this county. Mr. and Mrs. Hunter have no 
children. 

PIOX. JACKSON BOGGS, who at the time 
of his death was serving as president judge 
nf Armstrong county. Pa., was born April 7. 
1818, in Plum township, Allegheny Co.. Pa.. 
near Pittsburgh. He was a son of David 
Boggs, and grandson of Thomas Boggs, Sr. 

The Jjoggs family is Scotch-Irish. The 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



157 



great-grandfather of Judge Boggs at an early 
day left Scotland and in 1722 settled in the 
town of Glassdrummond, Ireland. Thomas 
Boggs, Sr., left Ireland in 1805, and coming 
to America settled in western Pennsylvania, 
near Brighton, Beaver county, where he died. 
He married Elizabeth Chambers, and their 
union was blessed with six sons and two 
daughters, viz. : William, Thomas, Elizabeth, 
John. Ann, James, David and Robert. 

David Boggs, father of Judge Boggs, was 
born in Ireland in [783, and came in 1 71,19 to 
western Pennsylvania, settling in what is now 
Plum township, Allegheny county. He was 
one of the pioneers of that section, where he 
purchased two tracts of woodland near the 
site of Murraysville and cleared out fine farms 
on them. In 1849 ne s0 ^ n ' s farms and re- 
moved to Apollo, Pa., where he died Nov. 3, 
1856, in the seventy-fourth year of his age. 
He was a Jeffersonian Democrat, and served 
for thirty years as a justice of the peace in 
Allegheny county. In his early days he united 
with the Presbyterian Church, of which he 
continued to be a most earnest and useful 
member. In 180(1 he married .Alary McKee, 
daughter of Squire McKee, of Murraysville, 
and they were permitted to enjoy fifty years 
of wedded life. They had thirteen children, 
of whom we have the following record: 
Thomas, born in November, 180(1: Eliza 
G,, burn in .May. 1809, who married David 
McKee, a farmer of the Tuscarofa \ al- 
ley ; Fannie M., born in September, 181 1. wife 
of Jacob Freetly, a prominent lawyer of 
Apollo; John, born in July. 1813. who mar- 
ried Ann Boggs. daughter of William Boggs 
and a native of Ireland: Ann; Janie G., born 
in October, 1815, who married Samuel Beatty, 
a farmer of Allegheny county ; Jackson, men- 
tioned below ; Robert, who died in infancy ; 
James, born in September, 1822, who married 
Margaret A. Bailey and was a lawyer in 
Clarion, Clarion Co., Pa. ; David C, former 
register and recorder of Armstrong county ; a 
twin brother of David that died in infancy: 
and Lavina, born in September, 1830, who 
married Henry Townsend, of South Bend, 
Armstrong county. Squire McKee, of near 
Murraysville, was one of the very early set- 
tlers in western Pennsylvania, living there in 
perilous times, surrounded by savage Indians. 
For years he always had his rifle near him, 
and he buried his valuables for safe keeping. 

Jackson Boggs was brought up in Plum 
township, where his father was an old resi- 
dent, and he continued to own his father's 
farm there until his death. Tn 1839, when 



twenty-one years old, he came to Kittanning, 
and engaged in school teaching in East Frank- 
lin township. In 1840 he commenced to teach 
school in Kittanning, and there in 1841 took 
up the study of law under Darwin Phelps, 
Esq., later a member of Congress. He also 
read with Judge Joseph Buffington, then of 
the Armstrong district, being admitted to the 
bar in 1843. Soon afterwards he formed a 
professional partnership with the late J. R. 
Calhoun, then a member of the Legislature, 
and he continued to be actively engaged in 
general practice until elected judge, attaining 
in time a position among the foremost attor- 
neys of western Pennsylvania. Upon the 
adoption of the new Constitution Armstrong 
county was made a separate judicial district, 
having been detached from the jurisdiction of 
fudge Moreland. who lived in Westmoreland 
county, and in the contest following the for- 
mation of the new district Mr. Boggs became 
the Democratic candidate for the judgeship. 
Up to this time he had always taken an active 
interest in politics, but had never been a can- 
didate for any office, though during the ear- 
lier years of his practice he was deputy 
surveyor general. He was elected by a large 
majority after one of the most hotly contested 
campaigns ever carried on in the county, and 
in January, 1875, entered upon the duties of 
the office. As president judge he endeavored 
to discharge his responsibilities conscien- 
tiously, regardless of consequences, and his 
success may be best judged by the statement 
that in more than four years of his adminis- 
tration he had but two decisions reversed by 
the Supreme court. In fact, it was almost a 
hobby of his to be so cautious in his decisions 
as to insure himself against reversal by that 
court, and he was exceedingly careful, pains- 
taking and industrious in following the work- 
ings of every case which came before him, his 
exertions sometimes seeming almost superhu- 
man. In the administration of criminal cases 
he was always lenient and merciful, often 
surprising the accused and convicted victim 
with an unexpectedly light sentence. Flis 
errors, if any, were in this direction — always 
on the side of mercy. As may be inferred, he 
was remarkably kind and tender-hearted, 
easily moved by appeals of distress, and the 
miseries of want and affliction deeply affected 
his sympathetic nature. Thus he gained so 
strong a hold upon popular feeling that he 
came to be regarded as the poor man's friend, 
a fact which accounted for his frequent suc- 
cesses with juries, with whom his power as an 
advocate was conceded. 



l :.s 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Judge Boggs was compared to both Jackson 
and Abraham Lincoln. One writer said of 
him: "The lately elected Democratic Judge 
Jackson Boggs was on the bench, and every 
seat in the room outside the lawyers' railing 
was filled. Judge Boggs looks like the pictures 
of old Jackson ; a great high forehead, pointy 
at each side, hair standing up straight like 
bristles. He has unmistakably a fine face, or 
rather a strong face, one well calculated to im- 
press you as that of a self-reliant man, yet 
unbending when spoken to and as affable as 
ever Lincoln was. He was without doubt a 
man of great intellectual power and who loved 
good principle." 

As a citizen Judge Boggs was esteemed 
and respected by all who knew him. His 
death, which occurred April 19, 1879, was 
regretted by the entire community. A dis- 
tinguished member of the Armstrong county 
bar and of the legal profession in western 
Pennsylvania, his name was highly honored 
at a meeting of the bar called for the purpose 
of making arrangements to attend his funeral, 
Edward S. Golden, who presided, addressing 
the members of the bar thus: "I have known 
Judge Boggs long and well. He was my school 
teacher in early life, and for many years my 
fellow member of the bar, and of late the 
presiding judge of the county. No man ever 
possessed more energy, industry and courage. 
He was true to duty in every relation in life. 
True as a lawyer, as a judge and citizen, and 
more true and affectionate as a husband and 
father. What a lesson is found to us in his 
death ! Especially to me it comes with many 
sad memories. My contemporaries, Calhoun, 
Cantwell, Donnelly, Finney, Crawford, and 
many others, are all gone and I am alone as 
their representative with you, many of you 
my students and professional children : and 
upon you I must lean, as the sun of my pro- 
fessional life "casts its shadows far in the 
east.' Our lessons of this kind are many. 
May they show us the importance of forget- 
ting animosities and troubles, and of living 
better and higher lives." 

Agreeable to a request from the members 
of the family it was resolved that the mem- 
bers of the bar would attend the funeral in a 
body with suitable badges of mourning. Hon. 
1. V. Painter, E. S. Golden. T. E. Brown, F. 
Mechling, H. N. Lee, J. B. Neale. G. C. Orr 
and J. A. McCullough were appointed as pall 
bearers. 

Judge Boggs was prominently mentioned as 
the Democratic candidate for governor at the 
Pittsburgh convention. A number of the dele- 



gates to that convention were, in fact, in- 
structed for him, among them being the dele- 
gates of his own and adjoining counties. He 
did not make an active canvass for the nomi- 
nation, however, preferring for the time, at 
least, to attend to the duties of the office he 
then filled. He assisted in the erection of the 
township of Boggs, Armstrong county, which 
was given his name by enthusiastic admirers. 

The Judge's taste for agricultural pursuits, 
acquired in his early life, never left him, and 
after residing in Kittanning until 1871 he 
moved onto his farm in East Franklin town- 
ship, Armstrong county, residing there until 
his death. It was a matter of pride that he 
could refer to it as the best conditioned and 
best cultivated farm in the county. 

In 1845 Mr. Boggs married Phoebe J. 
Mosgrove, daughter of John Mosgrove, Esq., 
and sister of Hon. James Mosgrove. Two 
daughters of this union are living: Anna Jane, 
widow of Norwood G. Pinney, of Brookville, 
Jefferson Co., Pa.; and Isabel, now Mrs. 
YYithington Reynolds, residing in Kittanning. 

JOSEPH B. MEANS has been a live factor 
in business and official circles in Jefferson 
county, for a number of years almost contin- 
ually in the service of his fellow citizens in 
one position of trust or another. His popu- 
larity is well deserved, being the recognition 
of commendable public spirit, whose best evi- 
dence has been the manner in which his official 
duties have been performed, with an eye sin- 
gle to the welfare of the community. Com- 
bining with modern ideas of efficiency an un- 
bending integrity, he has earned a place among 
the practical well-doers in Jefferson county 
whose important services to progress will have 
a permanent value. 

Air. Means comes of a sturdy race whose 
representatives in Pennsylvania have proved 
themselves worthy, desirable citizens. Edward 
Means, his father, was born in Snow Shoe, 
Centre Co.. Pa., in 1810, but when only nine 
years of age was brought to Indiana county by 
his parents, John and Elizabeth Means, natives 
of Ireland, who came to America at an early 
day. Later they located in the village of 
Whitesville, across the Indiana county line in 
Jefferson county, where their sons purchased 
two hundred acres of land lying in Perry town- 
ship and built a hewed-log house. The place 
was soon cleared and transformed into good 
farms. In the family were eleven children, 
namely: James. Edward. John. Thomas. Rob- 
ert. Foster, Joseph, Jackson. Eliza. Margaret 
and Caroline. 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



159 



In Jefferson county Edward Means was 
reared to manhood and married Sarah Hop- 
kins. He then located on a part of the land 
originally purchased, and followed lumbering 
in connection with agricultural pursuits. For 
a number of years he also engaged in mer- 
chandising, but his last days were spent in 
retirement upon his farm, where he died Jan. 
2, 1889. His wife Sarah, who had shared his 
early hardships and privations, died in 1853. 
To them were born nine children, as follows : 
( 1 ) W. A., born in 1837, studied medicine, 
and located in Big Run, where he practiced a 
few years. He next spent a number of years 
in Luthersburg. and then removed to DuBois, 
where he enjoyed a large and lucrative practice 
for the remainder of his life, dying in 1890. 
He left a wife and family. (2) Jane, born in 
1838, is the widow of M. A. .Morris, of Punx- 
sutawney, who died in 1882. (3) Thomas, 
born in 1840, was a soldier of the Civil war. 
enlisting in the 105th P. V. I., and participating 
in all the battles in which his regiment was en- 
gaged until taken ill after the battle of Fred- 
ericksburg, \*a. He died in hospital, and was 
buried in the National cemetery at Washing- 
ton, D. C, his death occurring in 1862, when he 
was in his twenty-second year. (4) Edward 
T., born in April, 1842, grew to manhood in 
Perry township, where he was educated in 
the common schools. He enlisted in the nth 
Pennsylvania Reserves and served for three 
years, during which time he was twice 
wounded, first in the leg at the battle of An- 
tietam, and later in the face while bearing the 
colors of the regiment at South Mountain. 
After his return home he married Abbie Elliot, 
and resided in Whitesville, until his death in 
1872; his wife survived him only a few years. 
He was attending Waynesburg College in 
Greene county, when stricken with his last ill- 
ness, but was brought home, where his death 
occurred ; he left a wife and two children. (5) 
Sarah A., bory in May, 1844, married W. E. 
Simpson, of Perry township, and located on 
his farm near here, where she died in 1873 
leaving a husband and four children. (6) 
Silas M., born in December, 1846, grew to 
manhood on the old homestead. He success- 
fully followed teaching in the public schools 
for a number of years, and was also one of the 
brave boys in blue in the Civil war, enlisting 
in 1864, and serving until hostilities ceased. 
About six months after the close of the war 
he enlisted in the United States navy. While 
in the service he was taken ill, and died at Vera 
Cruz, Mexico, at the age of twenty years. (7) 
Mary L., born in December. 1848, married 



T. [. Morris, and located on his farm in Young 
township, where she died some years ago, leav- 
ing a husband and three children. ( 8 ) Char- 
lotte was born April 29, 1851. (9) George T.. 
born in May, 1853, died in January, 1909, in 
Grand Rapids, Mich. He left a wife and three 
children. 

A'fter the death of his first wife Edward 
Means was again married, this time in January, 
1855, his union being with Rachel Elliot, of 
Indiana county, and of the five children born 
to them Joseph B. is the youngest, the others 
being: (I ) Martha, born in November, 1855. 
died March 3, 1857. (2) Jessie C, born in 
December, 1857, died in infancy. (3) Laura, 
born in December, 1859, was drowned in Ma- 
honing creek in May, 1863. (4) Enoch, born 
in August, 1 861, atjended the public schools 
and later the Covode Academy, after which he 
engaged in teaching for two terms. He com- 
menced the study of medicine under Dr. A. P. 
Cox. of Big Run. but died Oct. 13, 1880, at 
the early age of nineteen years. 

J. P.. Means was born Dec. 21. 1863, and 
lived on the old homestead until his removal 
to Brookville in 1003. This is the place his 
father first purchased on coming to Jefferson 
county. After pursuing his studies some time 
in the common schools he attended the Covode 
Academy in Indiana county, and then engaged 
in teaching in the public schools for three years. 
In 1890 he embarked in merchandising at 
Yalier. where he has successfully conducted a 
general store nearly all the time from that 
date until the present. Thoroughly enterpris- 
ing, he has done much to promote the mate- 
rial interests of the community and advance 
the general prosperity. 

Mr. Means springs from old Whig stock, 
and is himself a stalwart Republican. While 
a resident of Perry township he was for twelve 
years a member of the school board. In 1902 
he was elected treasurer of Jefferson county 
for the term beginning Jan. 1, 1903, and 
served to the close of 1905. Meantime, in or- 
der to attend more strictly to his office, he 
took up his home at Brookville. In 1905 he 
was elected register, recorder and clerk of the 
Orphans' court of Jefferson county for the 
term (three years) beginning Jan. 1, 1906, and 
after its completion was not out of office long, 
having been appointed postmaster at Brook- 
ville, in which incumbency he served from Oct. 
15, 1910, to March 7, 191 5. On Dec. 10, 191 5, 
Mr. Means was appointed to a position in the 
Workman*s Compensation Bureau, at Harris- 
burg, where he has charge of the credit di- 
vision. Mr. Means has responded satisfac- 



160 



JEFFERSOX COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



torily to the exactions of the various official re- 
lations he has sustained to town and county, 
and the fact that he has been called back so fre- 
quently shows conclusively that his worth is 
appreciated; Personally he possesses many 
of the admirable characteristics of his ances- 
tors, who were typical pioneer settlers, sturdy, 
energetic and progressive, and he is every- 
where acknowledged to be one of the most re- 
liable, upright and honorable residents of Jef- 
ferson county. He gives liberally of his means 
toward the support of churches and schools. 

In 18S1 Mr. Means was united in marriage 
with Mary E. Crebs, a daughter of Rev. \Y. E. 
Crebs, of Yalier, and they have had five chil- 
dren : Homer B., born August 13, 1882, grad- 
uated from the Indiana (Pa.) State Xormal 
School in 1901. taught school four terms, 
served as deputy register and recorder of Jef- 
ferson county ten years, from 1906 to 1916, 
and is now engaged in merchandising in Brook- 
\-ille ; in 1906 he was united in marriage with 
I 'earl M. McDowell, of Brookville, and they 
have three children, Joseph B., Albert F. and 
Max B. Edward P.. born September 24, 1885, 
attended drove City College, taught school, 
and since 1907 has been engaged in merchan- 
dising at Valier; in 1908 he married Layotte 
Borts, and they have four children : Dale E., 
Kathleen P.. William E. and Helen I. Bessie 
P, born August 1. [891, died Dec. 18, 1902. 
Alta M., born' May 15, 1896, graduated from 
Brookville high school in 1914 and is now a 
junior in Grove City College. Laura A. was 
born Jan. 4. u;o2. The parents are members 
of the Presbyterian Church. 

ALEXANDER C. WHITEHILL, M. D., is 
now devoting himself to the practice of medi- 
cine at Brookville, where he has made a pro- 
fessional reputation entirely in keeping with 
his general character as the residents of that 
borough have always known him. He is a 
native of the place, and though his interests 
called him away for several years he never 
severed his connection with its affairs and 
turned to this field naturally when seeking a 
location for the exercise of his chosen voca- 
tion. Dr. Whitehill has led an active life, and 
his energy has found a proper outlet in his 
work as a physician and surgeon and such 
duties of citizenship as are naturallv assumed 
by one of his vigorous temperament and high 
standards of social and economic administra- 
tion. When he returned to Brookville to cast 
his lot with the companions of his early years 
he was welcomed by the best element, and 
he has shown his right to their confidence and 



esteem by his broad usefulness in every phase 
of the life of the community. 

Dr. Whitehill's ancestors on both sides were 
Scotch-Irish. In the paternal line he belongs 
td a family whose high prestige in Pennsyl- 
vania dates back to Provincial days, being a 
descendant of that Robert Whitehill who 
helped to frame the constitution of this Com- 
monwealth. His grandfather. Austin White- 
hill, was a farmer in Clarion county. John 
C. Whitehill, his father, was an attorney at 
laW. Pie served in the Civil war, enlisting 
for three years, but was discharged after 
eighteen months because of disability, having 
been injured in the actions before Petersburg. 
He was a man of perfect physical makeup, 
and lived to the age of seventy-seven years. 
lie married Mary C. Cochran, a descendant 
of Capt. John Cochran, of Virginia, and five 
children were born : John B. was educated for 
the Presbyterian ministry, but is at present 
following the insurance business ; Alexander 
C. was second in the family: Malcomb C. is 
principal of the schools at Sagamore, Pa. ; 
Bruce C, a prosperous farmer of Jefferson 
county, is married and has six children; 
Maggie died when seven years old. 

Alexander C. Whitehill was born at Brook- 
ville Sept. 23, 1872, and there received his 
early education in the elementary and high 
schools. He later took special studies at the 
Pock Haven (Pa.) State Xormal School and 
Grove City 1 I 'a.) College. For five years he 
was a professional baseball pitcher, playing 
for the teams of Omaha, Xebr., Syracuse, N. 
V, Springfield, Mass.. and Detroit, Mich., and 
and throughout his career in the game he was 
true to his good Presbyterian training, never 
having played a game on the Sabbath. Enter- 
ing the Keokuk Medical College, at Keokuk, 
Iowa, he took the four years* course, graduat- 
ing in 1905, and was soon established at 
Brookville. From the beginning he had un- 
usual success and has a most .creditable pa- 
tronage among the residents of Brookville and 
vicinity. He has done everything to merit 
their support, which he appreciates from the 
personal as well as the professional standpoint. 
He is a member of the Presbyterian Church. 

( >n April 29, 1908, Dr. Whitehill married 
Mary Madeline Whitehill. of Brookville, 
daughter of Stewart H. Whitehill and sister 
of Buell B. Whitehill. both of whom ranked 
with the leading lawyers of Jefferson county. 
The latter has recently removed to Boston. 

JOHX JAMIESOX THOMPSOX, second 
son of Hon. Tohn T. Y. and Agnes S. (Ken- 



jrCk 



i 





:ARY 






JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



161 



nedy) Thompson, was born at Bellport, Knox 
township, Jefferson Co., Pa., June 16, 1836. 
He received the usual education of the com- 
mon schools in a pioneer county, which was 
in a general way much better and more thor- 
ough than under the circumstances could have 
been expected. But all his life he remained a 
student, reading constantly and observing care- 
fully the facts of public life. He was an en- 
thusiastic and active Mason, a Republican in 
politics, and enterprising and successful as a 
business man. 

When a young man Mr. Thompson entered 
into partnership with Joseph Darr, and for 
many years was associated with that gentle- 
man in the conduct of the "American" hotel 
and in the lumber business. This partnership 
was dissolved by the death of Mr. Darr in 
1901. In all of his business dealings as well 
as social relations Air. Thompson was rec- 
ognized as a man of sterling worth and one 
in whom the greatest confidence could be 
placed. He made friends readily and no one 
ever had occasion to say a harsh word against 
him. In 189Q he moved to Bayonne, N. J., 
where he took charge of the works of the 
Orford Copper Company. 

On June 25, 1863, Mr. Thompson was mar- 
ried to Mary E. Darr, who died July 27, 1871. 
Three children were the result of this union : 
Bertha T., who married H. I. Ross, now of 
Ontario, Cal. ; Mabel, who married Robert R. 
Maffett, now deceased, of Bayonne, N. J. ; and 
Mary E., who married Uriah J. Matson, now 
of Ithaca, New York. 

John Jamieson Thompson died at Bayonne, 
N. J., Sept. 10, 1906. He was a man uni- 
versally beloved and respected, wise in counsel, 
steadfast in friendship, and a refuge to all 
who were in trouble. He amassed a large 
estate and left it to his children. 

WILLIAM D. McHENRY, cashier of the 
First National Bank of Sykesville, is well en- 
dowed with both the personal and business 
qualifications necessary for the proper admin- 
istration of the duties of that position. A man 
of substantial character and high reputation, 
he is a representative member of a respected 
family which has been established in this part 
of western Pennsylvania for considerably 
more than a century. 

The first of this branch of the McHenrys 
to come to this country was Isaac McHenry, 
who was born in Scotland in 1734, and whose 
wife's name was Jane Smith or Smythe, likely 
the latter, as the Scotch often spell the name 
that wav. The first we know of Isaac is his 
11 



taking the oath- of allegiance, with Abraham 
Leasure and John Stutchel (Dallas Albert's 
History of Westmoreland County). The name 
is there spelled McHendry. This was in 1777. 
Later, before 1800, he settled three miles north 
of Indiana on what has been known as the 
James Hamilton farm. Thence he moved to 
what is now North Mahoning township, where 
he and his wife and two sons died in the fall 
of 1812, all during the same week, the parents 
aged about eighty years, the son James aged 
thirty-three years, and the son Samuel aged 
thirty-six years. They lie in the cemetery at 
Gilgal Church (this church was organized in 
1808). The father served as major in the 
Pennsylvania State militia. Isaac and Jane 
McHenry had children as follows : John mar- 
ried Miss McCord; William, born in 1770, 
married Sidney Gordon, and they were the 
grandparents of Squire McHenry, of Spangler, 
Pa., whose mother was a Row; William was 
with Anthony Wayne in Ohio in 1793 and' 
1794, and with him was his brother Isaac, who 
died in the service ; Mary married Patrick 
Lydick ; James is mentioned below ; Samuel 
married Mary McCall ; Joseph married Eliza- 
beth Boyd; Jane married Robert Morrison; 
Sarah ; Hannah married Daniel Morrison. 

James. McHenry, son of Isaac and Jane Mc- 
Henry, was born Feb. 15, 1779, three miles 
north of the town of Indiana. He was a 
major in the State militia, serving two terms 
under Govs. Snyder and McKean, and took 
part in the Indian war. He died in 1812 at the 
early age of thirty-three years, as already re- 
lated. In 1795 he married Elizabeth Stutchel 
(daughter of John), who was born Feb. 15, 
1779, and died in 1851. There were born to 
them the following children : Catharine mar- 
ried Joseph Grossman ; Isaac married Cathar- 
ine McCelland ; John, born in 1801, married 
Martha Jordan ; James, born in 1805, married 
Ann Neal; Mary married Asa Crossman; 
Elizabeth married George Timblin ; Jane mar- 
ried William Postlewait. 

James and Ann (Neal) McHenry, grand- 
parents of William D. McHenry, had children : 
Elizabeth married Martin Reits ; William mar- 
ried Lucetta Light and ( second) Rachel 
Lantz ; Margaret married Austin Welchons ; 
Benjamin F. married Christina C. Beck; Mary 
married George Goheen and (second) Rev. 
Uriah Conly ; Sarah married John C. Stear. 

Benjamin F. McHenry, father of William 
D. McHenry, was born at North Point, In- 
diana county, and still resides there, being now 
(iqi6) in his eighty-first year. During his 
active days he engaged in farming and lum- 



162 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



bering, retiring some years ago. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Christina C. Beck, is 
now seventy years old. The following chil- 
dren were born to them : David G. ; Nora, 
wife of Charles Kayser, of Pittsburg, Kans. ; 
Loretta. wife of George G. Gahagan, of North 
Point; Mary Ernie, Mrs. Van Stear, of Hor- 
atio, Pa. ; and William D. 

Through his mother, Christina C. Beck, Wil- 
liam D. McHenry is a great-great-great-grand- 
son of George Gould, an English soldier who 
was serving with General Wolfe at the surren- 
der of Louisburg in 1758 and at Quebec in 
1759. He had three sons: Dan, John and 
George. Of these, John, the great-great- 
grandfather of William D. McHenry, was 
born March 22, 1743. His wife, Margaret, 
died Oct. 17, 1813, aged sixty-four years. So 
far as known, their children were : Dan. John. 
George, and Sally (Mrs. Green). 

George Gould, son of John and Margaret, 
was born Feb. 16, 1792, and served as a cor- 
poral in Capt. James Alexander's company of 
Pennsylvania militia under Colonel Orr in the 
war of 181 2 under the name of George Guld. 
On July 4, 1812, he married Christina Fiscus, 
who was born June 6. 1793, and their children 
were born as follows : Margaret, March 20. 
1813; Mary, Nov. 5. 1815; Christina,. June 24, 
1819; Rosanna. March 20. 1822; Catharine, 
July 25, 1825; Rebecca Jane, Sept. 1. 1837. 
The eldest, Margaret, was married Dec. 1, 
1831, to Adam Beck, by Frederick Rohrer, of 
Waynetown. Armstrong Co., Pa., and thev 
were the grandparents of William D. Mc- 
Henry. On June 5, 1832, the daughter Mary 
became the wife of Joseph Schreckengost. On 
Jan. 5, 1837, Christina Gould and Isaac Butler 
were married. George Gould died Oct. 27, 
1878, aged eighty-six years, eight months, 
eleven days, and was buried in Butler's ceme- 
tery at Nelson. Wis. ; his wife, Christina 
(Fiscus), died Nov. 7, 1886, aged ninety-three 
years, five months, one day, and was interred 
beside him. 

William D. McHenry was born April 5, 
1863. at North Point. Indiana Co.. Pa., and 
grew to manhood in his native county, where 
he was allowed excellent public school advan- 
tages. When a young man he taught school 
for some time, meanwhile also engaging in 
agricultural pursuits and lumbering, accord- 
ing to the season, until his removal to Jeffer- 
son county in 1886. His first location here 
was at Big Run, where for eighteen months 
he was in the employ of the Buffalo, Rochester 
& Pittsburgh Railroad Company, and later he 
was appointed postmaster at that point, filling 



the office for eleven and a half years. In 1900 
Mr. McHenry was transcribing clerk for the 
State Legislature, at Harrisburg. His connec- 
tion with the First National Bank of Skyes- 
ville dates from 19 12, when he became one of 
the board of directors, taking his present posi- 
tion May 4, 1916. He moved to Sykesville in 
the spring of 1916. Socially Mr. McHenry is 
prominent in local Masonic circles and Odd 
Fellowship, belonging to Tohn W. Jenks 
Lodge, No. 534, F. & A. M.. to Pittsburgh" Con- 
sistory, and fo Jaffa Temple, A. A. O. N. M. 
S.. of Al'oona ; he is treasurer of Mahoning 
Lodge. No. 924, I. O. O. F., of Big Run. 

By his first marriage, to Effie M. Gourlev. 
Mr. McHenry had two children: A. G., who is 
now living at North Point, Indiana Co., Pa. ; 
and Ruby Mary, wife of M. M. Hamilton, a 
•merchant of Big Run. There are no children 
by his second union, to Mrs. Martha C. 
(Elkin) Meister, widow of Jacob Meister. 

Mrs. McHenry is a sister of the late Justice 
John P. Elkin, of the Supreme court of Penn- 
sylvania, and a daughter of Francis Elkin, 
whose father, late of West Mahoning town- 
ship. Indiana Co., Pa., may be said to have 
been the head of the family in that county. 

William Elkin was born in County Tyrone, 
Ireland, Feb. 3, 1804, and died at his home in 
the above named township May 2S. 1896. aged 
ninety-two years, three months, twenty-five 
days. He was twice married, and raised two 
families. His first wife. Martha (Beattie), 
died in Ireland in 1849. Her children were: 
Francis, who married Elizabeth Pratt ; Wil- 
liam, who married Mary Elkin ; James, who 
married Jane Elkin ; -Henry, who married 
Agnes Potter ; Eliza, who married John Bond ; 
Anne, who married Spencer Barrett ; and 
Sarah, who married James Chapman. In 1853, 
four years after the death of his first wife, 
William Elkin married Jane Rippey, the chil- 
dren of this marriage being: David, who mar- 
ried Etta Lowe; Martha, wife of Thomas 
Ralston ; and John, who married Emma Spran- 
kle. All of these children lived in western 
Pennsylvania, where many of them with their 
families still reside. 

In 1850 William Elkin made a visit to his 
son Francis, who lived in Pittsburgh, Pa., and 
who had preceded his father to this country. 
.After lemaining here nine months William 
• returned to Ireland, and two years later came 
back to Pittsburgh with his family. In 1854 
he purchased the old homestead in West Ma- 
honing township, upon which he spent the re- 
mainder of his life. 

Francis Elkin. eldest son of William and 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



163 



father of Justice Elkin, died in Smicksburg, 
Pa., Dec. 12, 1882, survived by his wife Eliza- 
beth ( Pratt 1 and six children : Elizabeth Caro- 
line, Mrs. William Elkin ; James Henry, who 
married M. Ella Oberlin ; John Pratt, who 
married Adda P. Prothero ; Martha Cordelia, 
Mrs. William D. McHenry; William Francis, 
who married Ersie C. Maugans ; and Margaret 
Alicia, Mrs. Robert McKibben. 

Mrs. Martha (Beattie) Elkin, first wife of 
William Elkin, was the granddaughter of 
Joseph Hill, who died in Ireland in 1844 at 
the ripe old age of 107 years. She had several 
brothers and sisters, but none of the old stock 
emigrated to America. Her brothers, Henry, 
Robert and John, were men of literary ability 
and became distinguished scholars. Henry 
was graduated from Trinity College, Dublin, 
in 1847. He won several scholarships during 
his university course in competitive examina- 
tions, and was graduated with distinguished 
honor. He took a theological course and be- 
came a clergyman of the Chinch of England, 
married the daughter of a bishop, and resided 
near London, his children still living there. 
His brothers prepared themselves for the pro- 
fession of teaching and for many years were 
leading instructors in the Queen's naval 
schools. All the Beattie family were inclined 
to intellectual pursuits, and its members took 
high rank in the various callings and profes- 
sions in which they became engaged. Many of 
the younger generation are in professional life 
in England at the present time. 

The authorities on genealogy hold widely 
dissimilar views regarding the origin of the 
surname Elkin. In "The Domesday," generally 
regarded as authoritative in England, the name 
is said to be a combination of "Ella" and 
"kyn" and was used to designate the followers 
of Ella, the leader of a band of Saxon in- 
vaders who landed in south Britain about 514 
A. D. He became king of the South Saxons, 
and with his three sons and followers ruled 
those people for a long term of years. He 
was universally conceded to be the head of all 
the subsequent settlers in Britain — the first 
Bretw^alda. In the history of the Northmen 
we find that "Ella"' and "Alia" were used in- 
terchangeablv and had the same meaning. 
Frequently the words "Ellakind" and "Alla- 
kind" were used in the sense of being synony- 
mous with "Englishman." According to a 
slightly different view the name Elkin, while 
used to designate an Englishman, is a modifi- 
cation or corruption of "Alchen." a Shropshire 
landholder in the reign of Edward the Con- 
fessor. There is little doubt that the name is 



of Saxon origin. According to Ferguson, a 
recognized authority on the origin of names, 
"Ella" is derived from the Gothic words alius 
and alja, meaning a person from another 
country, a foreigner, or a wanderer. In this 
connection there appear in the old German 
"alja." "Ello" and "Ella," these words in the 
later German taking the diminutive forms 
"Alikin" and "Elikin." In the Anglo-Saxon 
these words appear as "Alchen" and "Elkin." 
From these words and their derivatives we 
learn two facts : That the Saxon kings and 
their followers were inhabitants of the Conti- 
nent before they became invaders of Britain, 
the name Elkin being therefore of Teutonic 
and not Celtic origin ; and that the original 
name was Elkin and not Elkins, because in all 
of the derivatives and their roots there is no 
indication of the letter "s," which was prob- 
ably added in England at a much later date.' 
The two forms mean the same thing. Both 
branches of the family belong to the old Saxon 
stock. 

The members of the Elkin family who set- 
tled in western Pennsylvania belong to the 
branch that emigrated from England to Ire- 
land in the seventeenth century. The exact 
date of the settlement of the Elkins in Ireland 
is not known. The best authenticated tradi- 
tion is that in the seventeenth century some 
members of the Graham, Ramsey and Elkin 
families went from England to County Tyrone, 
Ireland, and settled near Omagh. Among 
them was James Elkin, of whose subsequent 
history little is known. Robert Elkin was the 
head of the chief branch of the family in Ire- 
land. He came from England about the 
middle of the eighteenth century and settled 
near Omagh. He married Marjorie Woods, 
of County Fermanagh, where some of his rela- 
tives still reside. There is no definite informa- 
tion concerning this Robert Elkin, but he had 
brothers and sisters and was undoubtedly 
closely related to the James Elkin mentioned 
above. It is also very probable that he was a 
member of the family of William Elkin men- 
tioned in English history as an alderman of 
London, and also of John Elkin, one of the 
subscribers to the London Company's Colonies 
in America. 1609, and a merchant of London, 
where many members of the Elkin family in 
Eneland lived. 

The history of the second generation in Ire- 
land may very properly start with the children 
of Robert Elkin and Marjorie Woods, five in 
number: Robert. David, Francis, William and 
Mary, born at Mullinatomagh. The parents 
were stricken with fever and died when the 



164 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



children were comparatively young, and they 
were taken into the family of a neighbor, Wil- 
liam Smith, whose daughter Catherine after- 
wards married the son David. This couple by 
their industry and thrift were soon able to 
purchase the farm known as Kilbuck, which 
has remained as a homestead in the Elkin fam- 
ily to the present. 

Robert Elkin, eldest son of Robert and Mar- 
jorie (Woods) Elkin, came to America in 1794 
and made his first settlement in Brushvalley 
township, Indiana Co., Fa. He was the 
first of the Elkin family to emigrate to America 
from Ireland. Having been a farmer in Ire- 
land he evidently decided to follow the same 
pursuit here, and no doubt selected a farm in 
that section of Indiana county for the purpose. 
For many years he wrote an occasional letter 
to his friends in Ireland, but nothing was heard 
from him later perhaps than 1825, except that 
he had moved from Indiana county to the cen- 
tral part of Ohio. A nephew who settled here 
in [853 made a visit to that State to locate him, 
but found the family had moved West, to Mis- 
souri, and as there are numerous Elkins in the 
southwest no doubt many are his descendants. 

Francis Elkin, third son of Robert, married 
Nancy Park and had three children, William, 
Mary and Sarah. He died in 18(14 at the old 
homestead in Ireland, and was buried in Lower 
Langfield cemetery with his brothers David 
and William. The exact date of his birth is 
not known, but the year was probably 1784. 
Francis Elkin had the reputation of being in- 
dustrious, thrifty, intelligent, and loyal to 
friendships, principles, convictions and 'faith. 
He lived and died a member of the Church of 
England, the faith of his fathers. He was a 
man of affairs and had the respect and con- 
fidence of his neighbors, relatives and friends. 
He lived a long and useful life and died con- 
tented and happy. It was a matter of regret 
to him that most of his immediate family had 
emigrated to America, but he was reconciled 
because he thought they had greater oppor- 
tunities here than they could have in the old 
country. H e was the great-grandfather of 
Justice Elkin and Mrs. McHenrv. 

William Elkin, fourth son of Robert, was 
familiarly known as "Orange Billy." 

Mary Elkin. the fifth child of Robert, mar- 
ried a Mr. Hunter, and many of their posteritv 
live in Canada. 

That members of the Elkin family were en- 
gaged in various occupations and professions 
appears from the fact that in 1559 a certain 
George Elkins was graduated from Oxford 
and became a clergyman of the Established 



Church. In 1405 a William Elkin was made 
vicar of the parish at East Cloyden, Bucking- 
hamshire. Another William Elkin had a 
daughter Ursula, who married Sir Roger 
Owen, a prominent member of Parliament 
from the County of Salop, and the widow of 
this William Elkin later married Thomas 
Owen, father of Sir Roger, and a judge of the 
court of Common Pleas during the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth. The members of the orig- 
inal Elkin family lived in the south and east 
of England, especially near Cheltenham and 
in London. In the "Munimenta Gildhalae 
Londoniensis" there is a reference to Robert 
Ellkyn, thus retaining in part at least the early 
spelling ; he was an officeholder during Sir 
Richard Whittington's mayoralty in the six- 
teenth century. In 1547 a coat of arms was 
granted to Richard Elkins, and in 1593 an- 
other coat of arms was granted to William 
Elkin, who was an alderman of Cripple Gate, 
London. About the same time the family coat 
of arms was authorized to be registered, and 
is still used by the English branch of the 
family. 

In western Pennsylvania the Elkin people 
are very generally engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits. They are industrious, frugal, 'thrifty 
and reasonably prosperous. They are loyal to 
friendships, devoted to their families, and 
maintain correct standards in their domestic 
relations. They pay their debts, keep their 
contracts and save their earnings. They live 
the simple life, finding recreation and enjoy- 
ment in wholesome things. 

Elizabeth I Pratt ) Elkin, mother of Mrs. 
McHenrv, was the youngest daughter of John 
and Elizabeth (Carden) Pratt. She was born 
on the old homestead in Queen's County, Ire- 
land, July 16, 1833, and died at her home in 
Indiana county, Pa., Jan. 2, 1913. She left 
Ireland in her eighteenth year and settled with 
friends in the city of Xew York, where she 
remained a few years, and then came to Pitts- 
burgh, where she first met and subsequently 
married Francis Elkin. They lived in Pitts- 
burgh, where he was employed as superintend- 
ent in the iron mills of his uncle, John Lindsey, 
who died suddenly during a visit to Ireland. 
The death of Mr. Lindsey left the business in 
the control of a junior partner, Christopher 
Zug, who for reasons best known to himself 
found it convenient to dispense with the serv- 
ices of Francis Elkin. This changed the young 
couple's plans, and during a visit to his father, 
William Elkin, who then lived in West Mahon- 
ing township, Francis Elkin concluded to buy 
a farm and engage in agricultural pursuits. 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



16.3 



He and his wife were industrious, saved their 
earnings and prospered. After spending sev- 
eral years on the farm they moved to Smicks- 
burg, Indiana county, where they remained un- 
til Air. Elkin's death. Mrs. Elkin was a help- 
mate to her husband in every sense of the 
word, and loyally supported him in all of his 
undertakings. In adversity she cheered him; 
in sorrow she comforted him ; and in success 
she rejoiced with him. She was loyal to his 
every interest and always willing to bear her 
share of the burdens. In religion she adhered 
to the faith of her ancestors, who for cen- 
turies were steadfast in their allegiance to the 
Church of England. She was confirmed as a 
member of the church in Ireland before depart- 
ing for America, and for more than sixty 
years remained true and devoted to the church 
of her choice. Her body lies at rest near the 
entrance to the little Episcopal Church at 
Smicksburg which her husband was instru- 
mental in building nearly forty years ago. In 
later years she attended Christ Church, 
Indiana, where she was much esteemed by 
those who attended the services there. 

The Pratt family of Ireland were devoted 
followers of Oliver Cromwell, and were ranked 
among his favorite soldiers at the time of his 
invasion of Ireland. Prior to that time they 
had lived in England, but following the for- 
tunes of "Old Ironsides*' they found their 
way into Ireland and became possessed of a 
considerable portion of the fair lands of 
Queen's County. John Pratt, father of Eliza- 
beth (Pratt) Elkin. was familiarly known as 
"Cromwell Pratt," because of his devotion and 
loyalty to the cause of the Lord Protector of 
England, Scotland and Ireland. The Pratts 
aided Cromwell in the storming of Drogheda 
in 1649 ar| d some of them won distinction for 
acts of valor in that engagement. This was a 
tradition in the family, passed down from one 
generation to another, the mention of which 
was always sufficient to stir the fighting spirit 
of the Pratts. John Pratt had a family of 
thirteen children, who scattered to the four 
corners of the earth, and their descendants 
may be found in Australia, New Zealand. 
South Africa, Canada, and in several sections 
of the United States. All of the brothers and 
sisters predeceased Mrs. Elkin. It was always 
a matter of keen regret to her that she was 
separated from her brothers and sisters, for 
whom she had the deepest affection, but this 
was the fate which befell many an Irish family. 

Justice John P. Elkin. who bore the name 
of his maternal grandfather, during a visit to 
Ireland caused a monument to be erected in 



the churchyard at Rathdowney in memory of 
John Pratt, who was buried there. He also 
caused another monument to be erected in the 
graveyard at Skirk, in memory of his grand- 
mother. Elizabeth (Carden) Pratt, who sur- 
vived her husband many years and died at 
eighty-nine. The Cardens were a large family 
and much respected. Some members of this 
family emigrated to Canada and were in pro- 
fessional life there. In 1905 Justice Elkin, 
while on a visit to Ireland, had a monument 
erected in the cemetery at Langfield to the 
memory of Francis Elkin, his great-grand- 
father, and of his grandmother, Martha 
1 Heattie ) Elkin, who was buried at Cappah in 

[849. 

The Pratt family were of Norman stock, and 
the tradition is that they came into England 
with William the Conqueror. After the Con- 
quest the Pratts and their numerous descend- 
ants lived in England for many centuries. A 
large branch of the family still resides there. 

Mrs. Elkin came to this country in a sailing 
vessel, was shipwrecked, and after many trials 
and vicissitudes was finally landed in New 
York harbor, having spent nearly three months 
on the ocean. It was an adventurous voyage 
and left her in dread of the storms on the sea. 
She never overcame this feeling, and as a re- 
sult she was unwilling to revisit the old friends 
in Ireland whom she dearly loved and often 
talked about. In her bedchamber at the old 
home in Smicksburg hung the picture of an 
Irish maiden who had come to this country, 
underneath which were printed the following 
lines, no doubt expressive of her own senti- 
ment : 

Erin, my country, though sad and forsaken, 
In dreams, I revisit thy sea-beaten shore; 

But alas! In a far foreign land I awaken, 

And sigh for the friends who can meet me no 
more. 

She was a devoted wife, a good mother, a 
loyal friend, and steadfast in her convictions 
and faith. Her wish was that she be buried 
by the side of her husband in the old church- 
vard at Smicksburg. and this was done. She 
spent the happiest days of her life among the 
people out there and it seemed most fitting 
that her body should rest where her heart was. 
Hox. John P. Elkix, justice of the 
Supreme court of Pennsylvania, was born and 
reared in Indiana county, where he spent most 
of his life. His successful career was fairly 
representative of the growth and development 
of the county and its people. Born in a log 
house on a farm in West Mahoning township 



166 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



in the early sixties, he obtained his elementary 
education under many difficulties, the district 
school being more than a mile from his home 
and open only four months of the year, in the 
winter season. The methods of teaching were 
simple in the extreme, but effective in making 
the pupils learn to "spell and figure," and such 
was the foundation upon which the boy's fu- 
ture was built. In his ninth year the family 
moved to the little village of Smicksburg, 
where the father engaged in the store and 
foundry business. Here the school was more 
accessible, but the terms were also short, never 
exceeding four months a year. In 1872 Fran- 
cis Elkin. the father, in association with sev- 
eral friends organized a company for the man- 
ufacture of tin plate in this country. It was 
the first enterprise of the kind tried in 
America. The plant was built at Wellsville, 
Ohio, whither the Elkin family moved in 1873, 
and although not yet fourteen years old young 
Elkin was given employment in the mill, first 
as "hammer boy," then as "heaver-up-at-the- 
muck-rolls," and finally as a finisher in the tin 
house. He continued in this employment un- 
til the mill shut clown at the end of 1874. 
The secrets of manufacturing tin plate were 
at that time carefully guarded by the Welsh 
and unknown to Americans, and the new in- 
dustry failed because it was twenty-five years 
ahead of the times in this country, bringing 
total loss to the investors. The Elkins had to 
start life over again. John P. Elkin then de- 
cided to educate himself for a professional 
career, and resumed his studies in the high 
school at Wellsville, where he made such rapid 
progress that he had practically finished the 
course at the end of the school year. In the 
fall of 1875 the family returned to Smicks- 
burg. and he applied for a vacancy in the 
borough school, securing the position of 
teacher with the assistance of some old friends 
who considered him worthy, finishing the term 
to their entire satisfaction, though he was but 
fifteen and a half years old, and had pupils of 
his own age or older. From 1876 to 18P0 he 
went to school in the summer and taught in 
the winter, going to the normal school at Indi- 
ana one term each year until [879, when he 
borrowed enough from a friend to keep him 
in school the entire year. Graduating in 1880. 
he resumed teaching, and in the fall of 1881 
began the study of law in the University of 
Michigan, graduating in 1884. and having the 
honor of being selected as orator of his class 
On June t". 1884, Mr. Elkin married Adda 
P. Prothero. daughter of Tohn Prothero. late 
president of the First National Bank of Indi- 



ana, Pa., and they had three children : Helen 
Prothero, born July 27, 1886; Laura Louise, 
born June 10, 1892; and Stanley, born July 
15, 1898. Helen is the wife of W. M. Arm- 
strong. 

John P. Elkin had a remarkable public ca- 
reer. His father, who died in December, 1882, 
had been mentioned as a possible candidate 
for the State Legislature, and some of his 
friends conceived the idea of having the son 
selected instead, although the latter was away 
studying at Ann Arbor. But absence proved 
no obstacle, for he conducted his campaign by 
correspondence and won at the primaries, was 
elected, and served two terms in succession, 
in 1887 being chairman of the committee on 
Constitutional Reform and having charge of 
the proposed Constitutional amendment sub- 
mitting to a vote of the people the question of 
prohibiting the sale of intoxicating liquors in 
this Commonwealth. He also served on the 
Judiciary General, Retrenchment and Reform, 
and Library committees. Meantime, in 1885, 
he" had been admitted to the bar and begun 
the practice of law in his native county. He 
continued his interest in politics, frequently 
representing his county in State and national 
conventions, being a delegate to the State con- 
vention of 1890 ; permanent chairman of the 
State convention in 1891 ; 1896 elected by his 
Congressional district as delegate to the Na- 
tional convention at St. Louis as a sound 
money man ; upon his return from that con- 
vention elected chairman of the Republican 
State commi'tee of Pennsylvania; chairman of 
the State committee five years; and in 1898 
conducted a successful campaign for Gov. 
William A. Stone. 

Meanwhile he had been active also in his 
home community, at all times taking special in- 
terest in educational matters, having been con- 
nected as pupil, teacher, director or trustee 
with the public and normal schools from boy- 
hood. For several years he was president of 
the school board of Indiana, and for a quarter 
of a cetitury was a trustee of the Indiana Nor- 
mal School. In 1893 he was elected president 
of the Farmers' Bank, and occupied the po- 
sition until [895, when he moved to Harris- 
burg in order to better perform the duties of 
deputy attorney general, to which position he 
had been appointed under the Hastings admin- 
istration. He resigned it in 1897 because of 
political differences with that administration. 
In [899 he was appointed attorney general, 
serving four years. The Legislature of 1899 
having failed to elect a senator to fill the va- 
cancy in the United States Senate, Governor 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



167 



Stone appointed Senator Quay, this action rais- 
ing the' constitutional question as to his power 
to make such appointment. Quay's opponents 
challenged this power, and the question was re- 
ferred to the committee on Privileges and Elec- 
tions. .Mr. Elkin was chosen to make the argu- 
ment before the committee, representing the 
Commonwealth, and as the matter was one of 
national importance, involving the rights of 
every State to full representation, interest was 
widespread. The committee reported in favor 
.of seating Senator Quay, but the Senate after 
prolonged discussion rejected the report by a 
majority of one vote, so that he was not per- 
mitted to take his seat. However, he was 
elected for the full term in 1901. 

In 1902 Air. Elkin announced his name as 
a candidate for governor, and owing to Sena- 
tor Quay's opposition a spirited contest re- 
sulted, Mr. Elkin making a direct appeal to the 
people which caused many delegates to the 
convention to be instructed for him, though 
owing to their vacillation at the last moment 
he was defeated. When his term as attorney 
general expired he resumed private practice, 
in 1903 and KK>4- In April, 1904, the con- 
vention met at Harrisburg for the purpose of 
nominating a candidate to fill a vacancy in the 
Supreme court, and though it was generally 
thought that Governor Pennypacker would be 
the choice, when the latter announced his de- 
termination to complete his term as governor 
the convention unanimously offered the nomi- 
nation to Mr. Elkin. At the election in Novem- 
ber he won by a vote of 737.978, the largest 
Republican vote ever given to a candidate for 
state office in Pennsylvania, with the largest 
plurality ever received by a candidate for State 
office up to that time. Mr. Elkin assumed his 
judicial duties the first of January, 1905, and 
devoted all of his time and energy to them un- 
til his untimely death, Oct. 3, 191 5. He was 
greatly attached to his work, and in the spring 
of [912 was favorably considered for appoint- 
ment to a vacancy in the Supreme court of the 
United States. 

In religion Mr. Elkin followed his fore- 
fathers, who for centuries were devout mem- 
bers of the Church of England and in this 
country of the Protestant Episcopal Church. 
In Indiana the parish is weak, but he contri- 
buted freely of his means to support the little 
church he attended. 

Soon after his admission to the bar he be- 
gan to take an interest in the development of 
coal fields in Indiana county, and mav prop- 
erly be regarded as a pioneer of the industry 



Prothero he initiated the opening of the Cush 
Creek mines in 1887 and always retained his 
interests in that section. Through their ef- 
forts the Cush Creek branch of the railroad 
was built from Mahaffey to Glen Campbell. 
They sold the lands operated by them near Glen 
Campbell to the Glenwood Coal Company, thus 
starting operations which have since been ex- 
tended in every direction in that section. Mr. 
Elkin was as successful in business as he was in 
professional life, and owed his advancement in 
both entirely to his own efforts. He was a 
member of the Union League of Philadelphia, 
of the American Academy of Political and 
Social Science, of the Clover Club, and of 
other fraternal and social organizations. 

Mr. Elkin was not yet nineteen years old 
when he made his first appearance as a public- 
speaker, in the campaign of 1878. Then, as 
later, he was a sound money advocate, preach- 
ing against the Greenback policies. In 1880 
he stumped the country for Garfield, and from 
that time until he withdrew from politics, in 
1904, took part in every State and national 
campaign. In his teaching days he always 
made use of the literary society and the' debat- 
ing club as the most available means of creat- 
ing popular interest in the cause of education 
in the rural districts. 

JAMES CARLYLE BORLAND, M. D., 
has become thoroughly identified with the vital 
interests of Falls Creek during the several 
years of his residence in that borough, having 
established a wide acquaintance in the town and 
surrounding territorv through the numerous 
connections he has formed in his professional 
capacity, as public official, and in business and 
social associations. He settled there in 1909, 
coming from Armstrong county, where his 
family has been located for the better part of 
a century. His father, the late William Pat- 
terson Borland, was a large landowner and ex- 
tensive farmer in Wayne township, that 
county, in which section his grandfather, Rob- 
ert Borland, founded the family some ten 
years after his arrivaj in America. 

Robert Borland was born in 1767 in County 
Donegal, Ireland, and coming to this country 
settled in 1821 in Salem township, Westmore- 
land Co.. Pa. In 1831 he removed to that part 
of Armstrong county now known as Wayne 
township, and locating one mile from Dayton 
took up 1 19 acres of land, which he farmed 
for the rest of his active life. He died there 
Dec. 15, 1850. aged eighty-three years. He 
was a member of the Protestant Episcopal 



there. In connection with Henry and GeorgeChurch. His wife, Jane (Borland), also of 



16S 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Ireland, was born about 1767 and died May 5, 
1840, at the age of seventy-three. They had 
four sons, William, Robert, James and John, 
all born in Ireland, and all came with the 
parents to America. They settled in what is 
now Wayne township, Armstrong county, pur- 
chasing large tracts of land adjoining their 
father's place, having altogether about ten hun- 
dred and fifty acres. They followed farming. 

William Borland, son of Robert, was born 
in 1803 in County Donegal, and was a young 
man when he came from his native Ireland 
to America. He settled in Westmoreland 
county, where he followed farming, and later 
removing to Armstrong county bought about 
six hundred acres, for the most part covered 
with timber. He built a log house and made 
a permanent home there, devoting the re- 
mainder of his life to the improvement of his 
property. There he died Oct. 28, 1874, aged 
seventy-one years, nine months, twenty-six 
days. He was a man well known in the lo- 
cality in his day. an Episcopalian in religious 
connection, and in politics a Republican dur- 
ing his later years. On March 29, 1831, Mr. 
Borland married Margaret Gartley, who was 
born in 1801 in Ireland, daughter of Andrew 
< iartley, later of Westmoreland county, and she 
survived him a short time, dying July 8, 1876. 
aged seventy-five years, two months. They are 
buried in the Glade Run cemetery in Wayne 
township. The following children came to 
them: Robert, born Jan. 1, 1832, who died 
young; John W.. born April 19, 1833, now de- 
ceased: Mary Jane, born Aug. 18, 1834, now 
Mrs. .Alexander Campbell; George G., born 
May 24. 1836-37, who- died in 1895 ( ne served 
in the Civil war) ; William P. ; and Robert 
J., born Dec. 3, 7840, who died in 1909 (he 
served in the Civil war"). 

William Patterson Borland was born Feb. 
20, 1839, in Wayne township, and began his 
education in the common schools, later attend- 
ing Glade Run Academy. When eighteen 
years old he taught school, and followed the 
profession for several winters in Wayne town- 
ship. Meantime he alsp began farming, his 
first purchase being a tract of about 130 acres, 
and later he purchased about 130 more. He 
continued on the farm now occupied by his 
son. J. Roscoe Borland, until his death, and 
was a substantial, useful and respected man 
among all his friends and acquaintances. Fie 
was a Republican and believed in doing his 
share in the management of local affairs, serv- 
ing many vears as school director, and as sec- 
retary and treasurer of the school board. He 
was a member of the Presbyterian Church and 



Sunday school. Mr. Borland died Sept. 5, 
1905. ' 

On April 26, 1866, Mr. Borland married 
Belle C. Williams, a native of Center county, 
Pa., daughter of William Williams, who was 
born in Wales and came to America when two 
years old, the family settling in Center county, 
where he passed the rest of his life. Mrs. Bor- 
land now resides in the borough of Dayton, 
where she built a fine residence in 1908. She 
is a member of Glade Run Presbyterian 
Church. The following children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Borland : J. Roscoe married Mar- 
garet Milliron and has two children, Wilda 
Maine and John M. ; Robert M. died when two 
years old ; Alonzo Clair, who married Caro- 
line Saw is living in Pittsburgh; Viola M., 
wife of Mason F. Marshall, lives at Helvetia. 
Pa. ; James C. completes the family. 

James Carlyle Borland was born March 24, 
1 878, on his father's farm in Wayne township. 
Armstrong county, in the vicinity of Dayton, 
and began his education in the local public 
schools. His higher studies were pursued at 
( irove City College and Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege, where he completed his professional 
course and graduated in 1905. In 1906 he 
entered the practice at Dayton, where he spent 
the first three years of his medical career, in 
[909 coming to his present location, which has 
proved an excellent choice. Dr. Borland has 
been exceptionally successful, an active tem- 
perament enabling him to keep in touch with 
many phases of professional work besides 
private practice, though that demand- the 
larger share of his time. He serves as exam- 
iner for various insurance companies, the 
Equitable. Pittsburgh Life and Trust, Phoenix 
Mutual and New York Mutual, and maintains 
membership with the county and State medi- 
cal societies. At present he is a member of the 
Falls Creek school board, for the duties of 
which position he is well fitted by nature and 
training. He has a good head for business, is 
a stockholder in the First National Bank at 
Dayton, and is secretary and treasurer of the 
DuBois Garage. 

On July 30, 190R. Dr. Borland married, at 
Dayton. Almina Mae Marshall, daughter of 
Silas W. Marshall, one of its leading residents. 
There are two children by this marriage: 
Carlyle Marshall, born May 16. 191 1, and 
James Hobart, born Sept. 16, 1916. The 
Doctor is a member of the Presbvterian 
Church at Falls Creek, and is a deacon. He 
belongs to the Odd Fellows in that borough, 
and Garfield Lodge, No. 538, F. & A. M., of 
DuBois, at which place he has many friends. 



v 





/ 



JEFFERSON COUNTY. PENNSYLVANIA 



169 



He votes independently, choosing his candi- 
dates for their qualifications rather than party 
connection. 

BENJAMIN McCREIGHT CLARK, as 
vice president and general solicitor of the 
Rochester & Pittsburgh Coal and Iron Com- 
pany and of the Jefferson & Clearfield Coal 
and Iron Company, combines in his respon- 
sibilities the supervision of both operating and 
legal departments of those two extensive min- 
ing concerns. It is generally conceded that 
Mr. Clark is the best known mining man in 
the bituminous coal region. To have gained 
such a reputation among so many fellow work- 
ers of conspicuous ability implies the posses- 
sion and application of unusual mental qual- 
ities and character. A review of his activities 
brings them into evidence at every step of his 
progress, a steady growth during years of 
well-directed exertions. The trained judg- 
ment so valuable in his legal capacity is the 
outgrowth of serious study as well as long 
familiarity with the problems of the coal and 
iron companies, which he began to handle as 
far back as 1885, when only a law student. 
He has been general solicitor since 1903, and 
connected with the operating department since 
1907. Estimating his work in its value to the 
community, he is one of the thoroughly con- 
structive figures of the period, in this respect 
living up to the traditions of his family, whose 
members in every generation have shown a 
spirit of progress — the foresight which beckons 
to advancement and the confident strength of 
purpose which leads to it. Both his father and 
grandfather were also members of the Jeffer- 
son county bar, and his father, the late Hon. 
E. Heath Clark, was presiding judge of this 
district. 

The Clarks are an old Pennsylvania family. 
William Clark, great-grandfather of Benjamin 
M. Clark, was born Feb. 19, 1791, near Dan- 
ville, Montour county, this State, and died in 
1843. H e enlisted for service in the war of 
1 81 2, and was one of the company of about 
one hundred men who passed through Brook- 
ville over the old State road on their way to 
Black Rock, on Lake Erie, from Lewiston. 
They camped one night at Rigley's, on the top 
of Anderson's creek hill, near Curwensville, 
Clearfield county, and also at Port Barnett, 
near Brookville. About 1825 William Clark 
moved to Blairsville, Indiana Co.. Pa., where 
he lived until 1830, and was engaged in build- 
ing locks on the canal. He was a carpenter 
by trade. In October, 1830. the year that 
Brookville was laid out, he brought his family 



to the town, and the house he built was the 
second within the present limits of the bor- 
ough. It stood at what is now the northwest 
corner of Jefferson and Pickering streets 
(later the site of Hon. A. C. White's home), 
and there he conducted a hotel. Later Mr. 
Clark purchased the lots on the corner of Main 
and Mill streets subsequently occupied by Hon. 
Henry Truman, and there erected the second 
hotel in Brookville before 1839. He was a 
prominent man in his day in public affairs as 
well as business, being twice elected sheriff 
of Jefferson county; for four years he car- 
ried the mail to Indiana, Pa. In 1839 he 
moved his family to Clarion, Pa. He married 
Susan Griffeth, who -survived him, dying in 
1862, and they had children: Jesse G., Matilda 
S., William F., Calvin B. and Jane E. 

Jesse G. Clark was born Jan. 22, 1815, and 
died in Brookville, Feb. 4, 1847. He accom- 
panied his parents to Brookville in 1830 and 
to Clarion in 1839, at the latter place purchas- 
ing three lots, on one of which he erected a 
hotel, the "Forest House," still standing as 
late as 1898, when it was known as the "Loomis 
House" and owned by M. Murphy. He sold 
the hotel property to Robert Barber, of Strat- 
tonville, in 1 84 1, having returned with his 
family to Brookville, and the same year formed 
a partnership with his brother William in 
the general merchandise business, their store 
being at the corner of Main and Pickering 
streets, where the Matson brick block is now 
located. He was one of the most influential 
men of his day. As early as 1832 he was 
associated with James P. Blair in the news- 
paper business, publishing the weekly known 
as the Backv-'oodsmaii, which was afterwards 
owned by his father-in-law, Thomas Hastings. 
After disposing of this interest he entered the 
law office of Elijah Heath, was admitted to 
the Jefferson county bar at the spring term 
in 1838, and practiced law for a time with 
Lewis B. Dunham, in 1841 becoming the law 
partner of Barclay D. Jenks. For a number 
of years Air. Clark was land agent for Charles 
Oglesby, who owned large tracts in Jefferson 
and Clarion counties. In 1840 he was elected 
treasurer of Jefferson county, and he was an 
active political worker, taking a leading part 
in the campaigns of the day; in 1844 he made 
a political speech at Shippensville, and the 
excitement of the campaign that year may be 
judged from the fact that the procession which 
left Brookville to attend the meeting was four 
miles long by the time it reached Shippens- 
ville. 

On Oct. 10, 1838, Mr. Clark married Sarah 



1 70 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



W. Hastings, who was born March 19, 1819. 
in Center county, Pa., daughter of Thomas and 
Elizabeth Hastings, whose married life was 
continued for over half a century, Mr. Hast- 
ings dying in Brookville in 1871 and his wife 
soon afterwards. He was a distinguished cit- 
izen, serving as sheriff in Center county, in 
1827-28 as a member of the General Assembly, 
and later as associate judge in Jefferson county, 
under appointment by Governor Shunk in 
1846. Three children were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Clark, two sons and one daughter: 
Elijah Heath was the father of Benjamin M. 
Clark; William T., born May 7, 1841, died 
June 20, 1883, leaving a wife and six children 
( he served during the Civil war under two 
enlistments, first in the three months' service. 
and later for almost two years as a member 
of Company E, 148th Pennsylvania Regiment, 
of which he became first lieutenant ; he was 
severely wounded at Chancellors ville) ; Clara 
Adelaide, the daughter, died Dec. 18, 1846, in 
her second year. Mrs. Clark remarried, her 
second husband being Capt. Robert R. Means, 
who was born April 25, 1819, and died ( )ct. 4, 
1877. Her death occurred June 4, 1889. 

Hon. E. Heath Clark was born July 22, 
1839, in Brookville. and acquired his pri- 
mary education in public school there. Later 
he was sent to the academy at Saltsburg, Indi- 
ana county, and in 1858 to the academy at 
New Bethlehem, Clarion county. In the early 
sixties he began the study of law with George 
W. Ziegler. at Brookville, later continuing it 
with W. P. and George A. Jenks, and was 
admitted to the bar in 1866, immediately engag- 
ing in practice. The first year he was alone, 
until he formed the association with Lewis A. 
Grander, which continued until 1869. Then 
he joined the Jenks brothers, his former pre- 
ceptors, this partnership lasting until W. P. 
Jenks was elected to the bench in 1871, from 
which time for nearly twenty years he prac- 
ticed with George A. Jenks, as Jenks & Clark. 
Thereafter Mr. Clark was with his half- 
brother, George W. Means, until 1891, when 
his son, Benjamin M. Clark, was admitted to 
the bar and to partnership in the firm, as 
Clark, Means & Clark. Meantime E. Heath 
Clark had attained a foremost place at the 
bar, and in 189 1 he was elected presiding 
judge of the Eighteenth Judicial district, then 
composed of Clarion and Jefferson counties, 
serving until 1895, when Jefferson county be-, 
came a separate district, and his duties were 
confined to Clarion. For impartiality, clear- 
sightedness and absolute fairness to all who 
came before him. either as lawvers or their 



clients, he stood high in the popular esteem, 
and he was no less respected for his engaging 
personal qualities and integrity of character. 
lie was a Democrat in his political convictions, 
and a Presbyterian in religious connection. 
Judge Clark died Dec. 24, 1909. 

Mr. Clark married, April 22, 1861, Matilda 
II. McCreight, daughter of Benjamin and 
Eliza Harriet McCreight, who were among 
the early settlers at Brookville. He served as 
county commissioner and county treasurer, 
and was a highly useful citizen. He lived to 
the age of eighty-two years, dying Aug. 3, 
1883, his wife passing away Jan. 26, 1880, 
aged seventy-four years. Her father, An- 
drew Hunter, was a Revolutionary soldier. 
Three children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Clark: Lida S. married E. A. Litch and (sec- 
ond) William C. Burton, of Brookville: Ben- 
jamin McCreight is mentioned below; Harry 
( ;.. who was formerly engaged in business as a 
druggist at Franklin, Pa., now resides in Cal- 
ifornia. Mrs. E. Heath Clark died Sept. 30, 

I9L5- 

Benjamin McCreight Clark was born Jan. 5, 
1865, in the old "American Hotel" at Brook- 
ville, and obtained his education in the public 
schools of the borough. During his early man- 
hood he clerked for two years in the National 
Bank of Brookville, but his inclination was 
for the law, and accordingly he entered his 
father's office, studying with Jenks & Clark 
until admitted to the bar, in 1891. After Mr. 
Jenks withdrew and the young man was taken 
into the firm it became Clark, Means & Clark, 
as above related, but the association was inter- 
rupted by Hon. E. Heath Clark's service on 
the bench, beginning in 1891, and the other 
two members continued practice as Means & 
Clark. They remained in practice together 
until the death of Mr. Means, in 1903, in 
which year Mr. Clark formed his present part- 
nership, with Arthur B. Stewart, as Clark & 
Stewart. In April of the same year he came 
to Punxsutawney and accepted the position of 
general solicitor for the Rochester & Pitts- 
burgh and Jefferson & Clearfield Coal and 
Iron Companies, for whom he had been doing 
legal work since his student days, when he 
was engaged in looking up titles, etc. Since 
1907 the principal part of his time has been 
given to the interests of these companies, he 
having taken the position of assistant to the 
president in that year, and his connection with 
the operating department was in that capacity 
until he was promoted to vice president, which 
office he assumed formally Nov. 1, 1916. Mr. 
Clark is a busy man. but his executive talents 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



171 



have proved equal to every demand made 
upon them, and he has found time to keep in 
close touch with the various interests allied 
to his immediate duties, showing a breadth of 
character which explains much of his success 
and profound understanding of the field in 
which he has found most of his work. Rec- 
ognition of his qualifications as a leader came 
in his election to the presidency of the Asso- 
ciation of Bituminous Coal Operators of Cen- 
tral Pennsylvania, which he now holds. 

Mr. Clark is a prominent Republican, and he 
maintains numerous social associations, be- 
longing to the Punxsutawney Club, to the 
Punxsutawney Country Club, the Iroquois 
Club, the Americus Club of Pittsburgh, the 
State Bar Association (charter member), and 
the Masonic fraternity. His Masonic affilia- 
tions are with Hobah Lodge, No. 276, F. & A. 
M.: Jefferson Chapter. No. 225, R. A. M.. 
of Brookville; Bethany Commandery, No. 83, 
K. T., of DuBois ; and Zem Zem Temple, A. 
A. O. N. M. S., of Erie. He is a director of 
the Punxsutawney National Bank. 

On Sept. 28, 1892, Mr. Clark married Vir- 
ginia Eason, daughter of Rev. David Eason, 
who was the first white male child born at 
Brookville. He was in the Methodist min- 
istry at one time, later becoming a business 
man. Two sons have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Clark: Heath Steck. a graduate of the 
law school of the University of Pennsylvania. 
1916, admitted to the Jefferson county bar in 
September. 1916, and now assisting bis father: 
and Frederick Eason, a student in the law 
school of the University of Pennsylvania, class 
of 1918. The family are Presbyterians. 

GEORGE (.. I'.URKETT has been a resi- 
dent of Punxsutawney from the time of his 
birth, lias been long and closely identified with 
the drug business and is now the owner of two 
well equipped and modern drug stores in the 
borough of Punxsutawney, where he holds 
prestige as a representative business man and 
an honored and influential citizen, so that he 
is eminently worthy of recognition in this his- 
tory of his native county. 

Mr. Burkett, who gave close study to medi- 
cine and is familiarly known by the title of 
Doctor, was born in Punxsutawney in the year 
i860, and is a member of one of the sterling 
pioneer families of this now favored section 
of the old Keystone State. He is a son of 
Daniel and Lucinda ( Evans ) Burkett. His 
grandfather was Jacob Burkhardt, who was 
born and reared in Germany and came to 
America when a voting man. He first settled 



in the eastern part of Pennsylvania, and there 
married a young woman whose family name 
was Bates. He early simplified the spelling 
of the patronymic to the present form of 
Burkett and within a short time after his mar- 
riage he came to western Pennsylvania and 
became one of the very early settlers in what 
is now Punxsutawney. In the western part 
of the borough he operated for some time the 
old Hoover gristmill, and later he resided for 
an interval at Round Bottom, Perry township. 
Pater he run a grist mill at Sportsburg. The 
closing period of his life was passed at what 
was known as Clayville. Jefferson county, and 
he attained to the patriarchal age of ninety- 
nine years. He became affiliated with the 
Masonic fraternity prior to leaving his native 
land and he was a man whose ability and up- 
rightness made him a valuable citizen in the 
community in which he located. The mortal 
remains of this sterling pioneer and his de- 
voted wife rest in the old cemetery of Punxsu- 
tawney. Of their children Sallie became the 
wife of a Mr. Reefer; Mary was the wife of 
a Methodist clergyman named Weldon ; Bar- 
bara was the wife of William Flwood; Daniel 
and John are both deceased: Christena mar- 
ried Daniel Rishel and Caroline became the 
wife of George Gorman. 

1 kiniel Burkett was born and reared in Jef- 
ferson county and in his youth worked with his 
father in the mill. Later he became a teamster, 
lumberman and farmer. For a number of 
years he owned and operated a trading boat 
on the Ohio river, and was known for his 
energy, industry and sterling attributes of 
character. The family name of his first wife 
was Perry and of their eight children Anna 
is now the only survivor. For his second wife 
Daniel Burkett married Miss Lucinda Evans, 
to whom were born three children: Albert is 
deceased ; George Gorman was the second in 
order of birth ; and Emma, who has never mar- 
ried, resides in Punxsutawney. The father 
was seventy-two years of age at the time of his 
death and the mother sixty-eight years of age, 
the remains of both being interred in the old 
cemetery at Punxsutawney. 

George Gorman Burkett attended the public 
schools of Punxsutawney and when but thir- 
teen vears of age went into the drug store 
conducted by Dr. Shields, a pioneer physi- 
cian and druggist of Punxsutawney. He 
clerked for Dr. Shields twenty years, and 
gained a thorough knowledge of pharmacy. 
In 1902 he succeeded to the ownership of the 
store of his employer, and has since conducted 
the well appointed establishment under the 



172 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



title of the Red Cross Drug Store, situated 
at Xo. 238 East Mahoning street. In May, 
191 6, Mr. Burkett branched out by opening a 
well equipped drug store at Xo. 128 West Ma- 
honing street, and gives his able and active 
supervision to both establishments, in which 
he controls a large patronage. He is a broad- 
minded and progressive citizen, a substantial 
and enterprising business man, and has a se- 
cure place in the confidence and esteem of the 
people of his native county. He is a Republi- 
can and he and his wife are zealous members 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, on the 
official board of which he is serving at the 
present time. Mr. Burkett is a Mason and 
has reached the thirty-second degree of the 
A. A. S. R., as a member of the consistory at 
Coudersport, his ancient craft affiliation being 
with John \Y. Jenks Lodge, Xo. 534, F. & A. 
M.. of which he is past master. 

In June, 1890, was solemnized the marriage 
of Mr. Burkett to Celia B. Crissman, who 
was a daughter of the late Frederick Criss- 
man. of this county. Mrs. Burkett died June 
13, 1915. Therewere no children. 

JOHX J. Mc CURDY, who owns and re- 
sides upon the fine old farm which was the 
place of his birth and which is one of the model 
rural homes of Washington township and of 
the idyllic Beechwoods district of Jefferson 
county, is not only a descendant of an honored 
pioneer family whose name has been most 
prominently and influentially linked with the 
history of social and industrial development 
and progress in the county, but he is also a 
representative of a long and worthy line of 
sterling Scotch-Irish ancestry. The family 
was founded in Pennsylvania more than a cen- 
tury ago. Mr. McCurdy is one of the leading 
agriculturists of his native county, and his 
admirably improved farm, one mile north of 
the village of Coal Glen, comprises 137 acres 
of as fertile and valuable land as is to be found 
in this section of the Keystone State. Here he 
was born. May 1 1, 1863, and here he has main- 
tained his home continuously during all the in- 
tervening years, so it may well be understood 
that the homestead is hallowed to him by many 
gracious memories and associations. More- 
over, it has been the medium through which he 
has achieved substantial prosperity and inci- 
dentally become one of the foremost citizens 
of the beautiful Beechwoods district. 

James McCurdy, his father, was born near 
Jacksonville, Indiana Co., Pa., Jan. 1, 1815, son 
of Robert and Mary (McAfee) McCurdy, 
both of whom were born in Ireland, and both 



of whom were representatives of the sturdy 
Scotch families who, holding to the Protestant 
faith, fled from Scotland to escape religious 
persecution and settled in the Xorth of Ireland, 
as the history of the Scotch "Covenanters" of 
the early decades of the seventeenth century 
fully records. Robert McCurdy was a young 
man when he came to America, and, so far as 
available data indicate, it is probable that his 
marriage was solemnized in Westmoreland 
county. Pa. His wife was but three years old 
at the time of her parents' immigration to 
America. Robert McCurdy and his wife be- 
came very early settlers in Indiana count}', 
where he reclaimed a farm from the wilder- 
ness, the old homestead near Jacksonville, 
which continued to be his place of abode until 
his death. His widow later joined her chil- 
dren in the Beechwoods district of Jefferson 
county, and her death occurred on the farm 
now occupied by the Sterritt brothers, in 
Washington township, when she had attained 
to the venerable age of eighty years. Concern- 
ing the children of Robert and Mary 1 Mc- 
Afee) McCurdy. we have the following brief 
record : ( 1 ) John married Sally Ewing, and 
they resided for many years in Armstrong 
county, where they died. (2 ) Thomas and his 
wife were residents of Erie county at the time 
of their deaths. (3) Joseph and his wife, 
whose maiden name was Jane McNutt, were 
sterling pioneers of the Beechwoods and the 
old homestead on which they continued to re- 
side until their death was that on which Dr. 
McKnight, the author of this history, was 
reared, he having been in their home for a 
number of years. He regards it as a privilege 
to express in these later vears his deep appre- 
ciation of the kindness and gracious considera- 
tion accorded to him bv these revered pioneers. 
1 4 ) Margaret became the wife of John Millen, 
and they continued to reside in the Beechwoods 
until their deaths. ( 5 1 Sally became the wife 
of John Ewing and settled permanentlv in 
Armstrong county. (6) Martha remained in 
Jefferson county until the close of her life, 
dying unmarried. ( j) Elizabeth and her hus- 
band, Andrew Hunter, were residents of the 
Beechwoods until they died. (8) Jennie became 
the wife of Paul Stewart and both died in 
Eldred township, this county. (9) Robert. 
Jr., was born in Indiana county in 1815. It 
was about the year 1843 that he became a pio- 
neer settler in the Beechwoods district of 
Jefferson county, where he settled upon a por- 
tion of the tract of five hundred acres of laird 
that had been secured by him and his brothers, 
and the fine old homestead which he reclaimed 





v ALi 




\^ 



JAMES McCTJBDY 



■ V 

• - 



1EFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



173 



from the forest wilds is the farm now owned 
by the Sterritt brothers. He married Mary 
Temple, who was born near Sewickley, Alle- 
gheny county, Feb. 22, 181 9, and he died on 
the old homestead in the year 185 1, while still 
a young man, his wife surviving him by nearly 
half a century, and having been one of the ven- 
erable and loved pioneer women of Jefferson 
county at the time of her death. Their children 
were: Martha Jane, who became the wife of 
Ezekiel Sterritt ; Dorcas Ann. who married 
Tohn B. Horning and is now deceased ; Sarah 
Margaret and Josephine, twins, the former the 
wife of James Smith and the latter the wife of 
Joseph Steele, and Miss Mary McAfee Mc- 
Curdy, who died when a young woman. ( 10) 
James was the tenth and youngest child of his 
parents. 

James McCurdy was reared to maturity in 
Indiana county, where he attended the primi- 
tive pioneer schools, and he was a young man 
when he came to Jefferson county, where he 
became associated with his brothers Joseph and 
Robert in acquiring a tract of five hundred 
acres in the Beechwoods, the most attractive 
and valuable land of the county being in this 
district. On his portion of this large estate 
^James McCurdy valiantly set himself to the 
task of clearing away the forest and instituting 
the development of a productive farm. Near 
the present modern residence of his son John J. 
McCurdy, he made the clearing in which to 
erect his little log house, and in this rude domi- 
cile he and his young wife established their 
Lares and Penates, the while they bravely and 
confidentlv girded themselves to face the vicis- 
situdes and hardships of pioneer life, sustained 
and fortified by mutual devotion and by worthy 
ambition. It was about the year 1847 that 
James McCurdy wedded Ann Shaw, who was 
born in Montgomery county, this state, about 
the beginning of the second decade of the nine- 
teenth century, and who was a child at the time 
of her parents' removal to the Beechwoods of 
Jefferson county, the Shaw family having come 
into possession of about four hundred acres 
of wild land, surrounding what is now the 
village of Coal Glen. William Shaw was the 
head of this family, which, like the McCurdys, 
has been one of the most honored and influen- 
tial in Jefferson county affairs during the long 
intervening period, which has been crowned 
with opulence and progress. James McCurdy 
devoted himself assiduously to the clearing of 
his land, and with increasing prosperity made 
better provision for his growing family, in time 
erecting a house of hewed pine logs, 16 by 24 
feet in dimensions. His origana! house had 



been a small structure of round logs, and its 
puncheon floor, fireplace and other accessories 
were of the true pioneer type. He supplied the 
new house with furniture that was of the best 
standard as gauged by the demands of the lo- 
cality and period. He and his wife were prom- 
inent and popular factors in the social life of 
the generous and kindly pioneer community, 
and corn huskings and the making of maple 
sugar figured as interesting episodes in those 
days. The pioneers took their maple sugar to 
different stores, some many miles distant, and 
there exchanged the product for salt and other 
household necessities. Though conditions 
were of course primitive in the extreme, the 
social life of the community centered in the 
worship and associations of the church. All 
were interested in the welfare of the little 
church, there being few of the early families 
of the Beechwoods who were not actively iden- 
tified with the Presbyterian denomination, 
holding to the ancestral faith of their Scotch- 
Irish forebears. James McCurdy was one of 
the founders of the Beechwoods Presbyterian 
Church, the early services of which were held 
in the Cooper schoolhouse. He not only served 
long and faithfully as an elder of this church, 
but it is to be recorded also that he and his 
brother Joseph were the principal singers in 
the little congregation. Mr. McCurdy was 
prompt and influential in the supporting of all 
things tending to advance the general well- 
being of the community, was a Whig and later 
a Republican in politics, served in various 
township offices including that of school di- 
rector, and, as a man of superior intellectual 
force and the highest integrity, ever com- 
manded the confidence and esteem of his fellow 
men. His sterling character and mature judg- 
ment made him the confident and valued ad- 
viser of many of his neighbors. This noble 
and honored pioneer passed away Oct. 27, 
t< )!>_•. and the loved and devoted wife of his 
youth and manhood survived him by about nine 
years, her death occurring Feb. 18, 191 r. Their 
remains rest in the Beechwoods cemetery, while 
their memories are cherished and revered by all 
who came within the compass of their benign 
influence. Of their children, the first, Robert 
L., died in infancy ; the second, also named Rob- 
ert L., died at the age of eleven years ; Eliza- 
beth remains on the old homestead ; Mary Z. is 
the widow of Rev. William H. Filson, a clergy- 
man of the Presbyterian Church, who died Dec. 
31, 1905, in Easton, Pa., his widow residing 
upon the old homestead in Washington town- 
ship ; Catherine, the widow of William Ander- 
son, is also to be found as a loved member of 



174 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



the family circle at the old homestead ; John J. 
was the next in order of birth ; Margaret is 
the wife of J. E. Sterritt, and their home is 
now in New York City. 

John J. McCurdy, as before stated, has con- 
tinuously remained on the old homestead farm 
upon which he was born and reared. He at- 
tended the local district school, known as the 
Dennison school, during the winter terms, 
and assisted in the work of the farm during 
the intervening summer seasons, and finally he 
continued his studies by taking a course in the 
In hi City Business College, at Pittsburgh. 

On June 5, 1890, was solemnized the mar- 
riage of Mr. McCurdy to Jennie Miller Patter- 
son, who was born on the homestead farm of 
her parents, in the Beechwoods, April 12, 1866, 
and was reared and educated in her native 
county, one of her early teachers having been 
Miss Sarah Jane Morrow. The Patterson fam- 
ily is mentioned elsewhere. At the time of his 
marriage Mr. McCurdy erected his present 
modern house on the old home farm, and he 
has since had the active management of the 
finely improved landed estate, which comprises 
137 acres, devoted to diversified agriculture 
and the raising of good grades of live stock. 
He has given allegiance to the Republican 
party, has been influential in public affairs in 
his native community, and has held various 
township offices. In every sense he is uphold- 
ing the high prestige of a family name that has 
been significantly honored in the history of 
Jefferson county, and both he and his wife 
are zealous members of the Beechwoods Pres- 
byterian Church, in which he is serving as 
deacon. They have no children. 

WILLIAM E. HEWITT (deceased) was a 
man of estimable character and justly honored 
in every relation of life. He was a veteran of 
the Civil war. and just as public-spirited in 
performing the ordinary duties of citizenship 
as he had been when there was special need for 
his services. In business and social circles 
he showed a strict sense of responsibility to- 
ward his fellow men, finding ample reward in 
their respect and friendship. Mr. Hewitt was 
born Jan. 29, 1841, at Kersey. Fox township. 
Elk Co.. in which county his parents were very 
early settlers, and died' at Brockwayville Jan. 
13. 1899. 

Ebenezer and Sarah (Bliss) Hewitt, his 
grandparents, of Scotch ancestry, were both 
natives of New York State. About 1816 they 
came from Saratoga county, N. Y., -to make 
a new settlement in western Pennsylvania. 
The journey was made in the most primitive 



fashion, and from Driftwood, Pa., was con- 
tinued on foot, the smaller children being car- 
ried by the others. They had but a few house- 
hold goods, including a spinning wheel, but 
they made the best of things, and soon had a 
clearing made and a house built, in the wilder- 
ness in now Huston township, Clearfield 
county ( then a part of Jay township, Center 
county). They were the first white settlers 
there, being thirteen miles from any other in- 
habitants. Mr. Hewitt developed a productive- 
farm, upon which he remained until his death, 
at the age of eighty-nine years. His wife died 
there when sixty-live years old. They were the 
parents of these children: Mrs. Lucinda 
Bundy, who died in Huston township; Wil- 
liam B., who remained near the old homestead; 
Jeremiah ; John B., who died on the old home- 
stead Oct. 4, 1897; Thomas W., of Huston 
township ; Mrs. Susanna Flanders, who died 
in Minnesota; Mrs. Caroline Webb, who died 
in Jay township, Elk Co., Pa. ; Franklin E., 
died in Denver ; Ermina, died a maiden ; Dan- 
iel, who died in Huston township ; and Mrs. 
Louvina Brown, of Huston township. 

Jeremiah Hewitt was born July 19, 1813. in 
Saratoga county, N. Y., and grew to manhood 
on the home in Clearfield county. After his 
marriage he secured a farm in Fox township 
where he made his permanent home, and where 
he died May 20, 1894, aged eighty-one years. 
He was active in public affairs, filling various 
township offices and taking part in local poli- 
tics as a supporter of the Republican party. 
Mr. Hewitt was a prominent member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, which he served 
as steward for many years, and to which his 
wife also belonged. On Dec. 20, 1835, ' le 
married Sarah Maria Hoyt, a native of Ver- 
mont, who moved to Clearfield county with her 
parents, her father being Dr. William Hoyt, of 
Balltown, Pa. Mrs. Hewitt died in February, 
1881, at the age of sixty-three years. She was 
the mother of eight children: Leora, widow of 
Elias Horning, in Clearfield county ; Rhobe 
M. was the wife of Ransom T. Kyler, both de- 
ceased ; William E. ; Aurilla. widow of Norman 
G. Bundy; Hiram W. died in Minnesota; Er- 
mina C, widow of Charles Rogers, of Minne- 
sota ; John C, of Dakota; and Artemisia, who 
died in childhood. 

William E. Hewitt remained on the home 
farm up to the age of twenty, and had such 
school advantages as the neighborhood af- 
forded, besides one winter at a select school. 
He enlisted. Oct. 18, 1861, at Kersey, Elk- 
county, in Company F, 58th Pennsylvania 
Volunteer Infantry, for three years. After 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



175 



short service under General Wool he fell under 
command of .General Grant with whom he re- 
mained. Being stationed at Fortress Monroe 
at the time of the Merrimac-Monitor fight, he 
was an eye witness of that historic battle. He 
was a faithful soldier and for bravery in action 
won the commendation of superior officers. 
He reenlisted as a veteran and remained in 
service until February, 1866, and received an 
honorable discharge with the rank of corporal. 
During long marches blood vessels in his leg 
burs', which in time caused permanent lame- 
ness. He then began teaching school, in Flk 
county, following the profession for fifteen 
terms. In 1889 he moved to Brockwayville 
and was for a time partner in the firm of 
Burchfield & Co., grocery and meat dealers, 
but was principally engaged as a traveling 
salesman, becoming one of the best known and 
popular men covering this territory. He held 
various offices while living in Fox township, 
and was a member of the Republican party. 
Socially he belonged to Ridgway Lodge, F. & 
A. M. ; to St. Mary's Post, No. 216, G. A. R. ; 
to Washington Camp No. 403, P. O. S. of A. ; 
and to the A. O. U. W. His religious connec- 
tion was with the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
in which he was steward. 

On Dec. 24, 1865, Mr. Hewitt was married, 
in Elk county, to Eunice A. Brown, born at 
Rasselas, May 3, 1843. She was educated at 
Syracuse, N. Y., and taught school in Elk 
county two years. Of the four children born 
to them the only survivor is Ella M., two hav- 
ing died in infancy and Grace C. when eleven 
years old. Ella M. Hewitt is the wife of Rev. 
Elmer Enihoff, a Presbyterian minister now 
stationed at Owatonna, Minn., and has had two 
children : John, who died when fifteen years 
old, while a student at Mercersburg (Pa.) col- 
lege; and Miriam, a student at Pillsbury 
Academy. < hvatonna, Minnesota. 

Mrs. Hewitt is a daughter of Rasselas Wil- 
cox Brown, one of the most prominent of the 
early settlers of Elk county, and a grand- 
daughter of Isaac and Polly ( Wilcox ) Brown, 
who were both natives of Herkimer county, 
X. Y., and of New England lineage, the an- 
cestors of the Pendletons, Wilcoxes and 
Browns having come over in the "Mayflower." 
Rasselas W. Brown, born at German Flats, 
Herkimer Co.. X. Y., Sept. 30, 1800, was one 
of the three children of Isaac and Polly ( Wil- 
cox ) Brown. He was sixteen years old when 
his father moved to Cicero, Onondaga county. 
On Sept. 25, 1832, at Fort Brewerton. N. Y.. 
Mr. Brown married Mary P. Brownell, who 
was born Sept. 23, 181 5, at Trenton, Oneida 



Co., X. Y.. daughter of Jedediah and Eunice 
1 Watkins) Brownell, who were of Scotch ex- 
traction. She became a public school teacher 
at Fort Brewerton. In 1837 he and his brother- 
in-law. Judge William S. Brownell, late of 
Smethport, set out on foot from Xew York 
to inspect Michigan lands. They passed 
through the wilderness of what is now Jones 
township, Elk county, where Col. W. P. Wil- 
cox, Mr. Brown's uncle, had located a few 
vears previously. They returned from Mich- 
igan in the late fall, and hired a man to cut 
the timbers and build a house early in the 
spring. Mr. Brown and his family arrived 
at their new home March 16, 1838, to find that 
the man intrusted with putting up the house 
had done nothing, but he soon had a house 
ready to move into. The unusual effort 
coupled with nervous strain and impaired eye- 
sight led them to assume charge of the 'AYil- 
liamsville Hotel," where they remained until 
1841. Mrs. Brown conducting the hotel and 
supporting the family. In the spring of 1841 
they returned to their land, in the midst 
of a dense pine and hemlock forest, with a 
heavy task ahead to clear it. The family eked 
out an income by various industries, making 
pine shingles, or digging coal from deposits on 
the farm, and selling their products wherever 
a purchaser could be found, sometimes fifty 
or a hundred miles distant. The pay was often 
in goods, money being scarce. Butter brought 
only ten to twelve cents a pound at the store in 
Ridgway, sixteen miles distant. But Mr. Brown 
labored without ceasing in spite of the draw- 
back of impaired eyesight, and with the help 
of a devoted wife and family prospered. More- 
over, his energetic nature and intelligent fore- 
sight made him a leader of public opinion, and 
although he was about the only stanch Whig 
in his neighborhood he was elected magistrate. 
In spite of his infirmity he kept abreast of the 
times, others reading to him, and having a re- 
tentive memory gained a fund of information 
.surprisingly comprehensive. He led a useful, 
busy life, and when death came had "his house 
in order," preparations made for the care of 
his widow and property, and directions that he 
be buried in the cemetery upon his father's old 
farm in Cicero. X. Y., where the remains of 
several generations of Browns rest. On the 
fiftieth anniversary of his first arrival here 
Mr. Brown's remains were taken back to be 
interred, his death having occurred June 27. 
1887. At the age of eighteen he had joined 
the Baptis 1 : Church at Cicero, and retained 
membership throughout life, his wife also ad- 
hering to the same faith. Mrs. Brown sur- 



176 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



vived her husband, passing away April 24, 
1898. The station called Rasselas, on the X. 
Y. L. E. & \Y. Railroad, is on his farm and 
named in his honor. 

Six children wej-e born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Rasselas W. Brown, three sons and three 
daughters: (1) Jefferson L., born June 25, 
1834, died at the age of sixty-three years. He 
learned surveying, which he followed more or 
less all his life. For about a year he owned 
and published the Elk County Advocate. In 
i860 he removed to Onondaga county. X. Y., 
where he fanned and taught school until his en- 
listment in 1864 in Company C. 185th New 
York Infantry. After the war he returned to 
Elk county and settled at Wilcox, where he 
ever afterwards made his home. He was in 
the employ of the Wilcox Tanning Company 
from 1868, and from April, 1870, for ten 
years managed and had an interest in the large 
mercantile business of the company. In 1880 
he was elected as a Democrat to the State Leg- 
islature, was reelected in 1882, and served 
through the extra session of 1883. Then he 
engaged in lumbering and banking, as a mem- 
ber of the Rasselas Lumber Company, whose 
plant was located on the Brown homestead, ami 
of the banking house in Wilcox bearing his 
name. He was a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, ( \. A. R. and Sons of Temperance, and 
a Presbyterian, serving as elder of the 
church at Wilcox. In 1855 he married Amanda 
H. Merriam, and they had three children, Mrs. 
Emmet G. Latta, Emma G. and Frank Ras- 
selas. (2) William Wallace Brown, LL. D., 
born April 22, 1836, taught school and in 1857 
entered Alfred ( X. Y. ) College, and was with- 
in two months of graduation when he enlisted 
in what became Company K, 23d New York 
Volunteers. Later he was transferred to the 
famous Bucktail Regiment of Pennsylvania, 
and took part in a number of noted engage- 
ments. He studied law at Smethport, mean- 
time serving as register and recorder and 
deputy prothonotary of McKean county. He 
became district attorney, and was appointed by 
the governor county superintendent of schools. 
Fie lived at Corry for nine years, from 1869, 
serving three years as city attorney and two in 
the council. From 1872 to 1876 he was a mem- 
ber of the State Legislature : was appointed 
aide de camp to Governor Hartranft in 1876; 
in 1878 moved to Bradford, Pa. He was 
elected to Congress in 1882, and served in all 
twentv years ; was auditor of the United States 
navy for years : procured the charter for the 
city of Bradford, and was active in its Board of 
Trade, and in railroad and oil interests. He 



was prominent in the G. A. R., serving as com- 
mander of his post and as junior vice com- 
mander of the department of Pennsylvania. 
( >n March id, 1862, he married Ellen Crandall, 
and they "had one daughter, Jessie Lincoln. 
Both he and wife were members of the Baptist 
Church, and always active in church and Sun- 
day school work. ( 3) Mar)' A. married George 
Allen and is deceased. (4; Olive J., after 
teaching some years, became the wife of Silas 
Mover, of Brockwayville. (5) Eunice A., Mrs. 
William E. Hewitt, is next in the family. (6) 
Isaac B., born Feb. 20, 1848, enlisted in Com- 
pany C, 211th Pennsylvania Regiment, with 
which he served until the close of the war. 
Then he attended Smethport Academy and 
Alfred University, graduating in 1869. He 
was admitted to the bar in 1876, and in 1880 
was elected to the State Legislature, being re- 
elected in 1882 and 1884 — the only man from 
Erie county ever chosen for a third term. In 
1887, he became deputy secretary of internal 
affairs for Pennsylvania. He has been active 
and prominent in the G. A. R. ever since its 
organization, served as captain in the National 
( iuard, and was on General Beaver's staff. On 
June 2^, 1870. he married Hannah Partington, 
and they had three children, one son and two 
daughters. 

ABRAHAM F. BALMER, M. D.. has been 
a practicing physician and surgeon at Brook- 
ville for forty years, during which period he 
has also discharged his duties of citizenship in 
a manner indicative of high ideals. All the 
vital interests of the borough have felt his in- 
vigorating influence, which has always been 
used in behalf of the general good. His pub- 
lic spirit is so universally recognized that he is 
classed among the foremost residents of Jeffer- 
son county. 

The Balmers are of old Pennsylvania stock 
of French Huguenot ancestry which sought a 
refuge on these shores from bitter persecu- 
tion. They have always been a hardy, long- 
lived race. The Doctor's great-grandfather, 
Michael Palmer, bought his land from Thomas 
and Richard Penn, sons of William Penn, and 
settled in Lancaster county, Pa., on the site 
of what is now Reamstown. He was a black- 
smith and nailmaker for the government and in 
this capacity took an active part in the Ameri- 
can Revolution. His son, Samuel Balmer, 
married Elizabeth Schell. also a native of Fan- 
caster county. He was a farmer and success- 
ful man of affairs. 

Hon. Daniel Balmer. son of Samuel and 
Elizabeth ( Schell 1 Balmer, was born in Mount 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



177 



Jov township, Lancaster county, April 10, 1806, 
and settled at Elizabethtown, that county, in 
1837. He had previously followed farming, 
but on coming to town engaged in merchandis- 
ing, and during his later years was occupied as 
a carpenter and builder. He took a prominent 
part in the public affairs of his day, serving for 
fifteen years as justice of the peace and in 1842 
was elected to the State Legislature. On April 

10, 1834, he married Harriet Fisher, born Dec. 

11, 18 if), a daughter of John Fisher, who lived 
on a farm near Elizabethtown and was engaged 
as a farmer and drover. His wife was Ann 
Eliza Kraemer.a daughter of Peter and Marga- 
retha Kraemer, of Mount Joy township. Daniel 
Balmer died in December, 1884, in the seventy- 
ninth year of his age, and his wife, Harriet 
(Fisher) Balmer, died April 26, 1887. They 
were members of the Reformed Church in the 
United States and their bodies were laid to rest 
in Mount Tunnel cemetery. They were parents 
of the following children : John F., born June 
Fv '835, died May 23, 1903, served in the Civil 
war and settled in Elizabethtown ; Israel Put- 
nam, born July 10, 1837, became a contractor 
and builder of Elizabethtown ; Daniel Webster, 
born Dec. 10, 1838, died Aug. 12, 1914, was 
a first lieutenant. Company I, nth Pennsylva- 
nia cavalry, and later a justice of the peace; 
Ann Fliza, born Aug. 25, 1841, died May 29, 
1889, married George W. Lewis ; Mary Louisa, 
born Jan. 26, 1847, died Aug. 2j, 1854; Abra- 
ham Fisher, the subject of this sketch ; Mar- 
garet Isabella, born March 17, 1853, married 
Tobias W. Xissly, now of Reading, Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Abraham F. Palmer was born Sept. 15, 1849, 
at Elizabethtown, Lancaster Co., Pa., where 
he grew up, attending the local school in his 
boyhood. He enjoyed his studies and by the 
time he was eighteen had prepared himself for 
teaching, following that profession for the next 
five years in his home town and adjoining town- 
ships. In his case, as in many others, it proved 
the stepping stone to another profession. Hav- 
ing read medicine for sometime with Dr. A. C. 
Treichler, at Elizabethtown, Dr. Balmer at- 
tended lectures at Jefferson Medical College, 
from which place he was graduated in the year 
1875. A few months later he came to Brook- 
ville. where he has been established since Feb. 
7. 1876. In the two score years which have 
elapsed since, he has advanced to an enviable 
standing in the regard of all classes in the 
county. His extensive practice has brought 
him into personal contact with a large percent- 
age of the residents of this and neighboring 
counties, and his opinion carries weight on 
12 



many questions outside his professional work. 
By scrupulous attention to the necessities of 
his patients, he has endeared himself to a wide 
circle of friends and patrons, and he has also 
found time for business and public interests, 
being a man of broad character and farsighted 
in his conception of things for the progress of 
the community. When the National Bank of 
Brookville was organized, he was among the 
founders and served for a time on its board of 
directors. At present he is interested in the 
gas business in this county, and in the mining 
of mineral paint materials in Clearfield county. 
He has definite ideas on the value of educa- 
tion and public educational facilities, which he 
has been permitted to indulge in his long serv- 
ice on the board of school directors of Brook- 
ville. most of the time as president of that body. 
He was one of the founders of the Directors' 
Association of Jefferson County. He was one 
of the organizers of the Jefferson County Med- 
ical Society, Sept. n, 1877, and one of the" 
incorporators, April 16, 1887; was elected its 
first secretary and annually thereafter for over 
twenty-six vears. when he resigned and was 
elected president of said society for the ensuing 
year, since which time he has been one of the 
censors of the society. He is a permanent mem- 
ber of the medical society of the State of Penn- 
sylvania and of the American Medical Asso- 
ciation. Tn social and religious activities he 
has been a prominent worker ; a member of the 
Presbvterian Church : of Hobah Lodge No. 
276. F. & A. M., of Brookville (of which he 
is a past master and honorary member) ; of 
Jefferson Chanter Xo. 225, R. A. M., of Brook- 
ville (past high priest) ; of Bethany Com- 
manded Xo. 83. K. T. of DuBois, Pa.; of 
Lodge No. 477, Knights of Pythias, of Brook- 
ville (charter member and first chancellor com- 
mander), and of Brookville Lodge No. 217. 
I. O.O. F. (past grand). 

Dr. Balmer married, Nov. 4, 1891, Clara 
Emma Burns, a daughter of Daniel C. and 
Harriet Farlev (Farrell) Burns, born June 13. 
1865. Mrs. Balmer died April 22, 1915, and 
is buried in Brookville cemetery. Two chil- 
dren were born to this marriage : Harriet, 
born Aug. 11, 1802, now the wife of Harrv C. 
Schreiber, of Belle Vernon, Favette Co., Pa., 
and mother of one child named Harriet Emma : 
and Daniel Turner, born Mav 15, 1804, a 
recent graduate of the University of Penn- 
sylvania, class of inifi, Wharten School. 

GEORGE AMFNT BLOSE, an ex-county 
superintendent of the common schools of 
Jefferson county, and a teacher for vears in 



178 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



this section of Pennsylvania, is of Revolu- 
tionary stock, descended from ancestors who 
came to this State nearly two hundred years 

The family name originally was spelled 
Bloss. in which form it appears in the Penn- 
sylvania Archives. Daniel Blose is the first of 
the family that the descendants have been able 
to trace. He came from Germany, and was 
living in Northampton county, Pa., Sept. 13, 
1778, when George Blose, the grandfather of 
George Ament Blose, was born. 

"A number of families of this name came 
prior to the Rev. Conrad in 1752, etc. ; but no 
Daniel. This shows that Daniel came as a 
minor with his parents. Northampton county 
is full of Blosses." 

About 1780 Daniel Blose came to West- 
moreland county with Boaz Walton, and he 
and his family lived in a round log house, 
without any floor in it except the ground, 
with Boaz Walton and his family, about eight 
miles north of Greensburg. Daniel Blose, 
whose wife's name was Elizabeth, was the 
father of seven children: George; Michael; 
Barney ; Mary, married to Joseph Walton ; 
Daniel ; Ann, married to Isaac Shuster ; and 
a daughter born in 1783, whose name was 
Magdalena. 

George Blose, son of Daniel, was married 
to Sarah Walton previous to 1800. and to 
them were born ten children : Polly and Wil- 
liam died in infancy ; Josiah died in his youth ; 
John George was the father of George Ament 
Blose ; Boaz was next in the family ; Emily 
married George Schrock; Sarah married 
Thomas Sharp Mitchell ; Daniel and Elizabeth 
were twins, the latter marrying Charles Red- 
ding and moving to near Elizabeth, in what 
is now West Virginia, where she lived till 
her death; Rachel Maria married John Xiel. 

According to the most recent information 
obtained. George Blose. the grandfather of 
George Ament Blose, came to Westmoreland 
county with his father, who located some 
eight miles north of Greensburg about 1780. 
He continued to live in Westmoreland county 
till 1 83 1. when he removed to Perrysville. 
Jefferson county, residing there to the time 
of his death, Aug. 31, 1849. His widow, who 
died in Jefferson county July 10. i860, was 
born in Northampton county. Pa.. Jan. 3. 1779. 
She was descended from an old American 
family which came to America from Scotland, 
but had been of English origin. 

Boaz Walton. Mrs. Blose's father, was twice 
married, and had a numerous family : Oba- 
diah and a brother whose name had been 



forgotten by the last of his sister's children, 
and perhaps a sister, were children of the 
first marriage. . Mary Ashton was his second 
wife, and to this union were born: Joseph; 
Sarah, married to George Blose; Mary, mar- 
ried to William Martz ; Rachel, married to 
Peter Wagaman ; Martha, married to Daniel 
Blose ; Elizabeth, married to George Ament ; 
Emily, married to Nicholas Martz ; and Sam- 
uel. 

John George Blose, who in the latter part 
of his life was known as George Blose, Sr., 
was born in Westmoreland county, Pa., Aug. 
3, 1803. On April 20, 1826, he was married 
to Esther Ament. A few years afterwards 
they moved from Westmoreland county to 
Armstrong county, where they resided three 
or four years, in 1834 coming to Jefferson 
county. Here they lived in a little log house 
a short distance east of Perrysville till March, 
1836, when they moved to a farm they had 
bought about two miles west of Perrysville, 
in Perry township, upon which they were re- 
siding at the time of their deaths. He died 
very suddenly on Jan. 19, 1877, and Mrs. 
Blose passed away April 6, 1881. 

The farm to which they moved had a small 
one-roomed round log house on it, and was in 
the woods except for a few acres that were 
cleared around the house. Deer, bears, wild 
turkeys, wolves, wildcats and other wild ani- 
mals were plentiful in the woods. They caught 
some of the wild turkeys by building a rail 
pen. covered with rails, first digging a narrow 
and shallow ditch which extended under the 
pen, into which they scattered corn or other 
grain, some being also scattered inside the 
pen. The turkeys would follow the grain as 
they ate it. and when once in the pen would 
try to get out above, being prevented by the 
rail covering. 

A short time after they moved to the place 
Mrs. Blose, one Sunday, walked up a little 
hill north of the house. A few rods from the 
house she came upon twelve or fifteen deer, 
some lying down, and some feeding on the 
bushes. When they saw her they started to 
run away, but did not seem to be much afraid. 

The wolves would come and howl round 
the house at night. One night they killed 
and ate a sheep under a chestnut tree that is 
still standing in the field above the barn. The 
sheep and young stock of every kind had to 
be shut up to keep the wolves from killing 
them. Two or three dogs were kept, but the 
wolves did not seem to be much afraid of the 
dogs, one of which would try to get into the 
house when wolves came. 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



179 



Mrs. Blose was a woman of more than 
average intelligence and superior executive 
ability, and contributed to the support of the 
family by her industry and frugality. For 
about nine years before her death she was an 
invalid and confined to her bed. She was a 
member of the Lutheran Church from her 
thirteenth year, was a most estimable woman, 
pious and upright, and bore her long and try- 
ing afflictions with great patience and Christian 
fortitude. 

To George and Esther (Anient) Blose 
were born eight children : Josiah, born March 
8, 1827, married to Elizabeth Grove Jan. 19, 
1854, lived near the old homestead, and died 
April 6, 191 5, at the age of eighty-eight years, 
twenty-eight days ; Rachel Mary Dennison, 
born March 9, 1829, married to Nathan Croas- 
mun June 17, 1852, lived near Whitesville, 
and died Dec. 10, 1913; Esther Markle, born 
March 7, 1831, married to James Madison 
Haddan Aug. 10, 1853, lived near Oliveburg 
till some time in the eighties of the nineteenth 
century, and after that in Clayville till her 
death, July 5. 1901 : Jeremiah, born July 22, 
1833, married to Jane Wachob Nov. 15, 1855, 
lived in Perrysville, and died of consumption 
April 20, 1858; Susannah Catharine, born 
March 28, 1836, married to John Henry 
Weaver, January 19, 1854, died in May, 1895; 
Sarah Jane, born March 19, 1838, married to 
David Minor Postlethwait Feb. 15, 1859. lived 
near Perrysville, and died Nov. 10, 1910; 
Darius, born Dec. 2, 1840, married to Martha 
C. McOuown Jan. 11, 1869, lived during the 
latter part of his life in Clayville, and died 
May 10, 1899; George Ament, born Nov. 13, 
1842, married to Louisa Jane Raybuck May 
26, 1877, is living at the age of seventy-four 
years, the last survivor of his family. 

George Ament, the father of Esther 
(Anient) Blose, was born in York county, 
Pa., Dec. 2. 1758. He was a son of Philip 
Ament, who came from Germany, and the 
family name was originally written "Amend." 
"There were six arrivals. The first was John 
George Amend, in Sept., 1732." "The Amends 
who were the ancestors of George Anient 
Blose were the following: Ship 'Lydia,' 
sailed from Rotterdam ; arrived at Philadel- 
phia, Pa., Sept. 20, 1743: had on board 
George Ament, age sixty, and John Philip 
Ament. age twenty ; the latter was probably 
a son. In York county, they are called Auman 
now. Pennsylvania Archives, Volume XVII, 
2d Series, p. 244. etc." 

Philip Anient died when his son George 
was about five years old, and the latter was 



bound out. He was badly treated by the fam- 
ily into which he went. He was under 
eighteen years of age when he enlisted as a 
soldier in the Revolutionary war. The follow- 
ing letter from the Bureau of Pensions gives 
part of his soldier record : 

Rev. War Records. 3 - 525. 
V. L. M. 
W. F. 3643 

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, 
BUREAU OF PENSIONS. 

Washington, D. C, Apr. 8, 1912. 
Mr. G. Ament Blose, 

Hamilton, Jefferson Co., Penn. 

Sir: — In reply to your request of Mch. 30, re- 
ceived Apr. 1 for a statement of the military his- 
tory of George Ament, a soldier of the Revolutionary 
War, you will find below the desired information as 
contained in his (or his widow's) application for 
pension on file in this Bureau : 

Date of enlistment or appointment, July 1, 1776. 
Length of service, 6 mos. Officers under whom serv- 
ice was rendered : Captains, Jacob Wet and Williams ; 
colonel, Swope. State, Penn. 

Date of enlistment or appointment, 1777. Length 
of service, 2 mos. Officers under whom service was 
rendered : Captain, Overmeyer ; colonel. Morrow. 

Date of enlistment or appointment, Feb'y 1778. 
Length of service, 2 mos. Officers under whom serv- 
ice was rendered : Captain, Smith ; colonel, Antes. 

Battles engaged in. Skirmish near Gulf Mills. 

Residence of soldier at enlistment, York Co., Penn. 

Date of application, July 8, 1833. This claim was 
allowed. 

Residence at date of application, Franklin Tup., 
Westmoreland Co., Penn. 

Age at date of application, b. Dec, 1758 ; died Dec. 
II, 1843. 

Remarks : Soldier, married Sept. 19, 1786, Esther 
— . She was allowed Pension on an application exe- 
cuted Feb'y 13, 1850, while a resident of Westmore- 
land Co., Penn., aged 84 years. A son Philip was 
alive in 1850. No other family data. 
Very respectfully, 

J. L. Davenport, 
(Copy.) Commissioner. 

6 - 2856 

He was with Washington that terrible win- 
ter, the beginning of 1778, at Valley Forge. 
He served in the rangers on the frontiers in 
Lieut. Thomas Fletcher's Company from 1778 
to 1783. He applied for a pension, which was 
granted November 28. 1833. He had a brother 
in the patriot army who was captured by the 
British, and died while a prisoner from the 
bad treatment he received. 

Frederick Ament. a son of Philip Ament's 
first wife, and half brother of George, lived 
near Salem Cross Roads, now Delmont. in 
Westmoreland county. Pennsylvania. 

On Sept. 19, 1786, George Ament married 
Esther Markle. a daughter of Gaspard Markle 
and granddaughter of John Christman Markle. 
Nine children were born of this union : Jacob, 



ISO 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



who died in his seventeenth year ; George ; 
Susannah, married to John Hill ; Elizabeth, 
married to Frederick Berlin ; Philip ; Esther, 
married to John George Blose ; Mary, married 
to Jesse Walton; Sarah, married to Elias Ber- 
lin ; and Catharine. 

The parents after the birth of two of their 
children moved to within two and a half miles 
of the present village of Delmont, formerly 
called Salem Cross Roads, on the headwaters 
of Turtle creek, in Franklin township, West- 
moreland county, where the father built a 
sawmill and gristmill. The lease for the dam 
and mill race was purchased from George 
Darr, for five pounds, and is dated Jan. 25, 
1786. A deed from William Collins (Collons) 
and Mary, his wife, of Franklin township, 
Westmoreland county, Pa., to George Ament 
( Ammont ), for fifty-one acres and allowances, 
was made ( )ct. 2. 1789, consideration one 
hundred pounds. Another deed from William 
Collins and wife to George Ament (Ammount) 
for 207 acres and forty-eight perches, and al- 
lowances for roads, etc., was made April 10, 
1790, consideration one hundred and fifty 
pounds. These contained the old Anient home- 
stead. The patent was issued by the Supreme 
Executive Council of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania to William Collins on March 7. 
1790. "in consideration of the monies paid by- 
Jacob Pong into the receiver general's office 
of the Commonwealth, and of the sum of six 
pounds, nine shillings and three pence, lawful 
money, now paid by William Collins, the 
tract known as the Amnion Estate, situate 
on the waters of Turtle creek in Franklin 
township, Westmoreland county, containing 
355 acres and fifty-six perches and allowance 
of six per cent for roads etc. ( which said tract 
was surveyed in pursuance of a warrant 
granted to the said Jacob Long dated April 24. 
1786, who by deed conveyed the same to the 
said William Collins in feeV and signed and 
sealed by Thomas Mifflin, president of the 
Supreme Executive Council. All of the inden- 
tures mentioned, and the patent, are in the 
possession of some of George Ament's de- 
scendants. Export, a mining town, i-- built on 
the old farm. 

George Ament died Dec. 11. 1843. and his 
wife died in Westmoreland county Sept. 10, 
1 N 5 4 . She was born in Berks county. Pa.. 
Sept. [3, 17(1(1. It is related of her. that after 
the removal of herself and husband to their 
new home in Franklin township, when her 
husband would be away from home in pursuil 
of Indians who had been committing depreda- 
tions, and killing settlers, she would take her 



two children, Jacob and George, and go out 
into a little meadow, and hide in the willows 
along the stream on which the mills stood, 
that she might be in a safer place, and more 
readily escape with her children, if an attack 
was made by the Indians. There was a block- 
house at the mills into which the settlers gath- 
ered during perilous times for protection 
against the Indians. 

The Markles are descended from a German 
family. In Rev. Dr. Stapleton's "Memorials 
of the Huguenots" it is stated that "One of the 
earliest Alsatian emigrants to Pennsylvania was 
John Christman Merklen (Markley). At the 
Revocation period his parents retired to Ams- 
terdam, in Holland, whence John Christman 
came to the Maxatawnev \ alley and located 
at 'Moselem Springs' in Berks county. Pa., in 
1728. Gaspard Markley, a son of the emigrant, 
in 1 77 1. became a trans- Allegheny pioneer and 
settled at West New-ton, in Westmoreland 
county, where he erected the first mill west 
of the mountains. He also built a stockade 
fort for the protection of the frontier settlers. 
Some of the descendants of Gaspard Markley 
became prominent men, notably his son. Gen. 
Joseph Markley (born 1777. died 1868). who 
was for many years prominent in the business 
and political affairs of Western Pennsylvania. 
In 1844 he was the Whig candidate for gov- 
ernor, but was defeated by his opponent. Fran- 
cis R. Shunk, by a small plurality." In a foot- 
note to the above : "See Keim and Allied Fam- 
ilies, page 301. The emigrant was born in 
[678, and died 1766, leaving; children: Peter, 
George. Christian, Casper, Catharine Stoever, 
Frankina Rough. Mary Hill. Anna Maria 
Kramer, and Anna Lena. Will at Reading," 
Pennsylvania. 

Quoting from a 1906 "History of West- 
moreland County." in which is given a history 
of the Markle family : "'The progenitor Of the 
Markle family in Westmoreland county. Pa., 
was ( I ) John Christman Markle, born in Al- 
sace, on the Rhine, in 1678. By reason of 
persecution he fled from Germany and settled 
in Amsterdam. Holland. He married Jemima 
Weurtz. a sister of a noted admiral of that 
name. In 1703 he came to America, locating 
at Salem" ( Moselem) "Springs. Berks Co., 
Pa., where he purchased fifteen hundred acres 
of land of the Pennsylvanians. By trade he 
was a coachmaker. and there he established a 
wagon shop, blacksmith shop and gristmill. 

"(II) Gaspard Markle. son of Tohn C. (I") 
and Jemima Markle. was born in Berks coun- 
ty in 1732; married Elizabeth Grimm, and in 
1770 removed to Westmoreland countv. Soon 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



181 



thereafter his wife died, and he returned to 
Berks county, where he married Mary Road- 
armel, whom he brought to his home in this 
county. His residence here was the port of 
refuge to which the settlers frequently fled 
for safety. He and Judge Jacob Painter 
had large tracts of land, extending several 
miles up and down Sewickley creek. Several 
of his sons served in the Indian war, one of 
whom was George, who was distinguished at 
the defense of Wheeling. George, his nephew, 
was a Revolutionary soldier and at the battle 
of Brandywine, while his brother Jacob was 
in the naval service under Commodore Barney, 
and on board 'Hider Ally' at the capture of 
'General Monk.' His brother-in-law, Joseph 
Roadarmel, was at the battle of Long Island, 
August, 1776, where he was captured . . . and 
died of wounds. Abraham Markle, another 
member of the family, removed from' Germany 
and settled in Canada, and was delegate to 
the Provincial Parliament. In the war of 1812- 
14 he came to the United States and became 
a colonel in the American army. The British 
government confiscated all his property in 
Canada, but the United States gave him four 
sections of land near Fort Harrison, in In- 
diana. 

"Gaspard Markle, son of the American an- 
cestor, in 1772 erected a gristmill on Sewickley 
creek, which traversed the old homestead. 
Here was made some of the first flour manu- 
factured west of the Allegheny mountains. It 
was transported in flatboats to New Orleans. 
He subsequently resided in Spencer county, 
Ky. Upon his death there, in 1819, the citizens 
erected a monument to him. to commemorate 
his early adventures at flour making west of 
the Alleghenies." 

Elizabeth Grimm was a daughter of Egidius 
Grimm, a Huguenot emigrant to America. 
Quoting -from Rev. Dr. Stapleton's "Memori- 
als of the Huguenots" : "In Maxatawney 
township, Berks county, located in 1728 Egi- 
dius Grimm, who came to Pennsylvania in the 
same vessel with the noted pioneer minister of 
the Lutheran Church, John Casper Stoever. 
The Grimm family is of patrician origin and 
lond seated in Normandy, One branch estab- 
lished itself in Alsace, from whence Egidius 
Grimm emigrated to America as the result of 
religious persecution. An interesting circum- 
stance attaches to this family from the fact 
that an ancient pedigree, tracing the family 
back to a Norman baron who lived in the days 
of William the Conqueror, was brought by the 
emigrant to America. The first Grimm fam- 
ily reunion was held at Hancock, Pa., in 1897. 



at which time the connection numbered over 
one thousand souls." 

Quoting from a letter of Rev. Dr. Staple- 
ton to G. Anient Blose : "Upon re-examina- 
tion I find that John Egidius Grimm, Theo- 
bald Merkling, Jacob Merkling, and Rev. John 
Casper Stoever, came in ship 'Goodwill,' Sept. 
1728. Theobald Merkling ( Markley) located 
in Falckner Swamp, now New Hanover, 
Montgomery Co.. about twenty miles from 
where Grimm and Christman Merkling set- 
tled. Now this "Jacob' I take to be the same 
as the one we call John Christman Merkling 
fur the reason that the latter's name nowhere 
appears among the emigrants, and we know 
that he came prior to 1735. His will is on 
file at Reading: Rev. Stoever married one of 
the daughters." 

George Anient Blose is a native of Jefferson 
county, and was born on his father's farm 
Nov. 13, 1842, wdiere he was raised. At an 
early age he developed a desire for knowledge, 
and was a persistent inquirer for information 
before he could read, which he could do at 
five years of age. When he was eight years 
old he had read a large "History of the United 
States," and when a year or two older he 
read Scott's "Life of Napoleon." He attended 
the country public school each winter for a 
term of three months, from the time he was 
five years of age; but during the fall of 1859 
and early part of i860 he went to Salem 
Academy, walking with his cousin to and 
from his uncle's house, a distance of three 
and a half miles. He attended a "Select 
School" at Whitesville during the summers of 
i860. 1861 and 1862, under the teaching of 
Prof. Samuel Miller Davis. In the winter of 
1861-62 he taught his first school at the Bath 
schoolhouse, in Perry township, Jefferson 
county; and was afterwards engaged in teach- 
ing through the winter, excepting the period 
he was in the army, until he entered college 
in 1870. He enlisted in the United States 
service on the 17th of June. 1863, served as 
a member of Company C, 2d Battalion, Penn- 
sylvania Six Months' Volunteer Infantry, and 
was discharged at Pittsburgh, Jan. 21, 1864. 
During this service he contracted malarial 
poisoning, chronic diarrhoea, and resulting 
diseases, that nearly caused his death after he 
came home. 

After his return from the army he attended 
Covode Academy during the latter part of the 
summer of 1864, and Glade Run Academy in 
the summers of 1865 and 1866. During the 
spring term of 1867 he attended the Edinboro 
(Pa.) State Normal School. In September, 



1S2 



JEFFERSON* COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



1870, he entered the junior class of Pennsyl- 
vania College, at Gettysburg, Adams county, 
and graduated in the class of 1872, with the 
degree of bachelor of arts, and at the annual 
commencement in 1875 he received the degree 
of master of arts, conferred by the Faculty 
of that college. He boarded himself during a 
part of the time he was preparing for college, 
and while attending college, because he had 
to practice the most rigid economy to enable 
him to pursue his studies. From the spring 
of 1868 to the fall of 1870, when not engaged 
in teaching, he farmed for his parents, who 
were old and poor. After completing a class- 
ical course in college he returned home, and 
taught school a part of the time in various 
places, also farming some at home until 1875, 
when he was elected County Superintendent 
of the schools of Jefferson county. 

When Frof. Blose went into office he found 
a great many inefficient teachers employed, 
and deemed it necessary to raise the standard 
of eligibility to the position of teachers much 
higher than it had been in the county before 
that time. As a result of that decision he 
rejected many applicants, the change proving 
very beneficial to the schools. He taught nor- 
mal schools during each summer of his incum- 
bency in office, for the benefit of the teachers. 
He was engaged in teaching till the fall of 
1880, when, on account of failing health, he 
practically retired from the profession. As a 
teacher Professor Blose has the reputation 
of having been, at all times, a rigid discipli- 
narian, and a most thorough worker in the 
schoolroom. He did not teach to keep order, 
but it was impossible for him to teach with- 
out an orderly and quiet school. He was 
always conscientious and eager to have his 
pupils learn, and he spared no efforts to pro- 
duce that result. Some of his former students 
are in the ministry ; some are practicing medi- 
cine, some in the legal profession, and some 
engaged in other business pursuits. 

On May 26. 1877, Professor Blose was mar- 
ried to Louisa Jane Raybuck, and to the mar- 
riage have come eleven children : Esther May, 
born April 6, 1878. married to Charles Y. 
Averill Sept. 8, 1907; Jeremiah Markle, bom 
Aug. 13, 1879, who died suddenly, about nine 
o'clock in the evening of Dec. 13, 1008; Cath- 
arine Knar, born April 27, 1881 ; Samuel 
Bond, born Feb. 7. 1883; Seth Vivian, born 
Nov. 8. 1884: Mabel Clare, born May 9, 1886, 
married to Walter P. Snyder June 3, T909; 
Clyde, born May 15, 1888, who' was killed by 
lightning in the barn, near two o'clock on the 
afternoon of June 9, 1906; Sarah Agnes, born 



Feb. 7, 1890, married to John Kenneth 
McPherson April 20, 1914; Hazel, bora Oct. 
9, 1891; Laird Kroh, born July 26, 1893, 
married to Ethel M. Grates July 22, 1916; 
and Lillian Reuel, born Nov. 17, 1895. One 
son and the youngest two daughters are at 
home with the parents. One son is in Ne- 
braska. Mrs. Blose, born May 26, 1854, was 
the daughter of Jonas and Catharine (Knar) 
Raybuck, and was the youngest of their thir- 
teen children. Her parents were of German 
origin and talked Pennsylvania Dutch in their 
family. She can talk the Pennsylvania Dutch 
also. Her mother died in August, 1871, and 
her father in October, 1880. 

Professor Blose and his family reside on 
the old homestead, where they cared for their 
invalid Mother Blose till her death. In the 
fall of 1882 their house was destroyed by fire, 
and everything in it, including the Professor's 
library, worth nearly a thousand dollars. 

Professor Blose was admitted to the Bar 
of Jefferson county in September, 1886, hav- 
ing prepared himself under the direction of 
William M. Fairman, Charles M. Brewer, and 
Hon. William P. Jenks. He has never located 
as a legal practitioner, but has had some law 
practice in the courts. He was admitted as an 
attorney to practice before the Supreme court 
of Pennsylvania in October, 1892. His health 
failed him so that since 1888 he has been un- 
able to perform manual labor, and not much 
else. In 1876 he prepared a "Historical Sketch 
of Jefferson County" for Dr. William H. 
Egle's "History of Pennsylvania" and a "His- 
tory of the Schools of Jefferson County," for 
the "School Report of 1877." He is the author 
of an article on the "Schools of Jefferson 
County" that appeared in "Caldwell's Atlas 
of Jefferson County." In 1887 he prepared 
a "History of Education in Jefferson Coun- 
ty." which was published in "the "History of 
Jefferson County" edited by Miss Kate M. 
Scott. 

JOHN H. HOPKINS has followed contract 
work the greater part of his life, for over 
twenty years past at Punxsutawney, in which 
borough he settled in 1892, after a varied busi- 
ness career. His interests have been mainly of 
a business nature, managed with the unosten- 
tatious efficiency so characteristic of the man 
and stamping- him as a representative member 
of his family, which has a well established 
reputation in this section for keen judgment 
and farsightedness. 

Mr. Hopkins is of Scotch descent, and the 
family has long been in Pennsvlvania, his 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



183 



grandfather. Robert Hopkins, having come 
here from Scotland with his brother Alexan- 
der. He lived for a time in Huntingdon 
county, Pa., settling finally in Indiana county, 
two miles from Georgeville, where he had the 
tract now owned by his great-grandson, Wil- 
liam Hopkins. He died on this farm. His 
children were : Thomas, Aaron, James, John, 
Robert, Patterson and Rosie Ann (who mar- 
ried Isaiah Van Horn). 

Thomas Hopkins, father of John H. Hop- 
kins, was born Aug. 9, 1806, in Huntingdon 
county, and was reared in Indiana county. 
When a young man he came to Perry town- 
ship, Jefferson county, where he married Mary 
Mauk, who was born in that township, near 
Perrysville, June 30, 1823, daughter of Jacob 
and Susanna (Walter) Mauk, well known pio- 
neers of that locality from Blair county. The 
young couple shortly afterwards located in 
"Indiana county, where Mr. Hopkins rented a 
home for a brief period, but there were new 
lands in Jefferson county which seemed more 
promising, and he decided to return, making 
the journey with a yoke of oxen. He settled 
at what is still known as the Hopkins home- 
stead at Panic, in McCalmont township (now 
occupied by his son Aaron Hopkins), buying 
a tract of land in its primitive condition, and 
went to work bravely to conquer the wilder- 
ness. Their first shelter consisted of a few 
boards laid on sticks, beneath which they could 
build a fire, and in about two weeks they 
moved into a log cabin, though it was not fin- 
ished, there being neither door nor window the 
first season ; when protection from the weather 
was necessary, quilts were hung before the 
openings. They occupied this little house until 
1X54. when Mr. Hopkins put up a better dwell- 
ing, on the site of the present substantial resi- 
dence. Mr. Hopkins was a carpenter, and fol- 
lowed his trade in addition to the usual occupa- 
tions of lumbering and primitive farming upon 
which the early settlers had to depend for a 
living. He had to work hard, but he was 
unusually fortunate in his enterprises, and 
prospered beyond the ordinary. Besides lum- 
bering from his home tract he bought a timber 
tract at the present location of Ramsaytown 
and cut considerable square timber there, fin- 
ally putting up a sawmill to get better con- 
veniences for the handling of his output. He 
held this land for a number of years before 
selling it, and realized handsomely on it. the 
timber having meantime increased greatly in 
value. Some of his neighbors had refused to 
join him in purchasing land there, on the 
grounds that they had all the timber they 



wanted on their home places, but Mr. Hopkins 
had the foresight to realize that the forests 
would appreciate in value with the passing of 
time, and he reaped great rewards. Fie con- 
verted his home tract into an excellent farm, 
and took an influential part in the establish- 
ment of good government in his community, 
particularly in securing good schools and 
other advantages for the young. He held va- 
rious township offices, -being eminently quali- 
fied for public service by his good judgment 
and integrity, and was looked upon as one of 
the most useful citizens of his generation. 
His temperate habits and untiring industry 
gained him the esteem of all who knew him. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Hopkins were the 
parents of a large family: John H., of Punxsu- 
tawney ; Susanna, widow of Benjamin 
McCann, a farmer of Knox township, Jeffer- 
son county; Jane, of Punxsutawney ; Robert, 
who owned a sawmill in Knox township and 
was killed in 1892 while operating it, by an 
explosion ; Jacob, of Knox Dale ; James, a 
farmer and sawmiller in Knox township, 
where he died in 1915 ; Mary, widow of John 
Hutchison, of New Bethlehem, Pa. (he was 
engaged in business as an organ and piano 
dealer) ; Eliza, unmarried, who makes her 
home in Punxsutawney, but is at present in 
California; Anna, who married Beverly Mor- 
rison and died when a young woman (he 
was a decorator in Punxsutawney) ; Aaron, 
who now owns and occupies the homestead ; 
Eva, who died in childhood; and Maggie, 
wife of George Johns, a railroad man, re- 
siding at present in Lorain, Ohio. The 
father died Oct. 3, 1881, aged seventy-five 
years, the mother Jan. 19. 1890, aged sixty- 
six, and they are buried in the cemetery of 
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church at 
Panic, McCalmont township, near their old 
home. Mrs. Hopkins was a devout member 
of that church. Mr. Hopkins was not a 
church member, but was inclined toward 
Presbyterian doctrines. 

John H. Hopkins, son of Thomas and 
Mary (Mauk) Hopkins, was born Dec. 1, 
1841, at Georgeville, Indiana county, and was 
very young when the family settled in Jeffer- 
son county. Living in a sparsely settled region 
and under primitive conditions, his oppor- 
tunities for attending school were irregular 
and uncertain, but he made the best of them, 
and had enough practical training to supply 
the lack of educational facilities. In his youth 
and early manhood he worked principally with 
his father, lumbering and rafting, and he also 
learned the trade of carpenter, so that he was 



184 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



well equipped to earn a living and to take care 
of his own interests. For many years his 
chief work in carpentry was the construction 
of mills and barns, and during the thirty years 
that he followed contracting and building in 
the country he put up over fifty barns, in Jef- 
ferson, Indiana and Clearfield counties. Hav- 
ing purchased a saw and shingle mill in Gas- 
kill township, Air. Hopkins gave about ten 
years to its operation, and after this experience 
was established in Pittsburgh for six years. At 
the end of thaj time he came to Punxsutawney, 
in 1892, and has had his home and business 
headquarters there since, continuing contract- 
ing and building very successfully. In the 
borough, as elsewhere, Air. Hopkins has 
proved himself a most desirable citizen, though 
he has not been associated directly with public 
affairs since he settled here. While in Gas- 
kill township he served a year as school direc- 
tor. He has well formed opinions on matters 
affecting the general welfare, and is always 
ready to support a good cause. 

Mr. Hopkins was united in marriage with 
Sarah C. McGregor, daughter of William and • 
Sarah Jane (Fairman) AIcGregor, of Bedford 
county, the latter a sister of Colonel Fairman. 
They have two children : Gettie G. married 
David L. Dillon, and since his death has be- 
come the wife of Nevin O. Harmis, their home 
being in Pittsburgh; she has one child, David 
H., born to her first marriage. Reed E., who 
is a trainmaster at Panama and largely en- 
gaged in real estate dealing there, married 
Alrytle Long, daughter of Tobias Long, of 
Gaskill township, Jefferson county, and has 
three children. Ruth Edna, Irene and Edwin 
Gatun. Air. and Mrs. Hopkins and their fam- 
ily are Alethodists in religious association. 
Fraternally he belongs to the Knights of the 
Maccabees, and Mrs. Hopkins to the Ladies 
of the Alaccabees. They are highly esteemed 
in Punxsutawney, and among all the friends 
they have made in their various places of resi- 
dence. 

Jane Hopkins, daughter of Thomas and 
Mary (Mauk) Hopkins, was born Dec. 21, 
1X44, on the parental homestead in McCalmont 
township, and was reared there, obtaining her 
education in the neighboring public schools. 
There she remained until after the death of 
her parents, in 1897 removing to the borough 
of Punxsutawney, where she has since main- 
tained her home, with her sisters, Airs. George 
Johns and Eliza. Her residence, built in 1906, 
is at No. 310 East Liberty street. Aliss Hop- 
kins has valuable property interests at Punxsu- 
tawney besides this home, and since establish- 



ing herself in the town has formed many pleas- 
ant social associations. 

W. N. CONRAD, attorney, of Brookville, 
would be entitled to a place among the repre- 
sentative citizens of Jefferson county on his 
professional reputation alone. But he has 
found so many other channels for his activity 
and sympathies that he is in touch with the 
life of the community at almost every point. 
This interest in the general progress has led 
him to take advantage of many opportunities 
of furthering it, by associating himself with 
the live forces working forward in all lines. 
Thus he has come to be identified with all 
good works, whether of a business, social, edu- 
cational or philanthropical nature, which holds 
promise of bettering moral and living condi- 
tions within the reach of his influence. For- 
tunately his energy has not lagged behind his 
sympathy, and though practical he is not over- 
conservative, having great faith in the possi- 
bilities of human endeavor in every field. Mr. 
Conrad undoubtedly inherits his legal abil- 
ity, for his father was a lawyer of substantial ' 
attainments who practiced successfully at the 
Jefferson county bar for many years. He is a 
son of John Conrad, and is of German de- 
scent, his paternal grandfather having been 
a native of Germany, whence he came to 
America and to Pennsylvania, settling in 
Rayne township, Indiana county, in 1833. It 
is interesting to note that W. N. Conrad was 
in Germany at the outbreak of the present 
European war, and succeeded in getting within 
a fifteen minutes' walk from the seven-hun- 
dred-year-old church of his ancestors, when 
military orders made it necessary for him to 
abandon the idea of reaching the Mecca of 
his pilgrimage. 

John Conrad, father of W. X. Conrad, was 
born in Seibertshausen, Hessen-Cassel. Ger- 
many, Feb. 18. 1832, and came to America 
with his parents in early childhood, growing 
up in Indiana county. He read law with Hon. 
A. W. Taylor, of Indiana, Pa., and I. L. 
Heyer, of Johnstown, Pa., was duly examined, 
and was admitted to the bar at Ebensburg, 
Cambria Co., Pa., March 8. 1855, being sub- 
sequently granted the right to practice in In- 
diana and other counties in western Pennsyl- 
vania. In the summer of 1857 he removed to 
Marienville, Forest Co., Pa., where he was the 
pioneer lawyer, and became the first district 
attorney of that county, serving in 1858-60. 
In 1859 he located at Brookville, Pa., where 
he continued to practice, and he became well 
known here, gaining a high place among the 
trustworthy attorneys at the Jefferson county 




rto.'n. 



J. 



x 

Tit I 



JEFFERSON COUNTY. PENNSYLVANIA 



1 s:> 



bar. He had a long and honorable career 
here, dying at Brookville Nov. II, 1899, and 
is buried in the Brookville cemetery. 

W. N. Conrad, son of John Conrad, above, 
was born in Brookville Nov. n, 1874, and 
obtained his early education in the local public 
schools, graduating from the Brookville high 
school in the class of 1892. Thereafter he con- 
tinued his literary studies under private tutor- 
ship. He entered his father's office as a law 
student, was admitted to the bar of Jefferson 
county May 11, 1896, and at once devoted 
himself to active practice. Having gained ad- 
mission to the Supreme and Superior courts 
and the Federal courts, he materially widened 
the scope of his work. His offices are in the 
Title & Trust Company's building, and he has 
been the attorney for the Brookville Title & 
Trust Company ever since its organization, in 
which he took a leading part and of which he 
has been a director from the beginning. His 
legal success has been distinctly creditable, 
founded primarily on his ability, supported by. 
a comprehensive familiarity with the statutes 
and court business and industrious application 
to every case which comes into his hands. He 
is a member of the Pennsylvania Bar Associa- 
tion and of the American Bar Association. 

To some extent Mr. Conrad has invested 
in business, being vice president of the Black 
Warrior Lumber Company, of Knoxwood, 
Ala., a thriving concern backed principally by 
Brookville capital; a director of the A. R. Van 
Tassel Tanning Company, a corporation lo- 
cated at DuBois, Pa. : and he is one of the 
owners of the Brookville Republican and vice 
president of the company. The Republican 
is a weekly newspaper with a bright future ; 
it is the oldest paper in the county. For some 
years he was secretary of the Brookville Board 
of Trade. 

Mr. Conrad's talents have been as effective 
in other fields as in his profession, so that he 
has come to be regarded as one of the fore- 
most young men of the borough. He has 
served two terms in the town council, of which 
he was a member when the present water 
supply was purchased, and he was chairman of 
the committee which handled this matter, being 
one of the leaders in the undertaking and prov- 
ing himself very valuable in this connection. 
During his last term in the council, a town 
management plan was formulated and adopted, 
the first in Pennsylvania, whereby a compe- 
tent man is appointed to act in the combined 
capacity of water commissioner, engineer and 
secretary, being to the borough what a busi- 
ness manager is to an industrial corporation. 



The plan has proved to be so practical, effi- 
cient and economically advantageous, that the 
permanency of the institution is assured, and 
it has demonstrated that legislation is not 
needed for this innovation in borough organ- 
ization. The council appoints one man pos- 
sessing the necessary versatility. During Mr/ 
Conrad's last term in the council also, a large 
amount of sewering and paving was done. 
By annexation of Matsontown and Mc- 
Creight's Addition, the area and population 
of the municipality were considerably in- 
creased. Hose houses were erected, and side- 
walks and street grades for the entire borough 
established, that uniformity might result from 
future improvements. By ordinance, perma- 
nent walks of material other than wood were 
required, and the specifications thereof pre- 
scribed. There was also passed an ordinance 
prohibiting the erection of wooden buildings 
within certain limits. During this period of 
borough activity and expansion the other mem- 
bers of council imbued with the spirit of pro- 
gressiveness and accomplishment were notablv 
J. C. Lucas, R. G. Reitz. D. G. Buffington 
(now deceased), P. A. Hunter and Hon. H. 
If. Brosius. 

The question of public educational facilities 
has also had Mr. Conrad's attention, and he 
took a direct part in advancing the interests 
of the borough in this respect during the three 
years of his service as a member of the school 
board ; he was secretary of that body part of 
the time. It was during his term that the fine 
new Memorial school was constructed. He is 
a director of the Brookville Y. M. C. A., which 
has just erected a handsome $52,000 building, 
and zealous in stimulating; its activities. As a 
member of the court of honor of the Boy 
Scouts of Brookville he has done much to help 
alone a cause so popular among the young 
people. 

The importance of improving the town to 
render it more attractive as a place of resi- 
lience has been recognized of late years and 
received proper attention among: the progres- 
sive element, and Mr. Conrad has assisted in 
the capacity of member of the Park Asso- 
ciation board. The Park is a unique com- 
munity institution. About eighteen acres of 
level land in the center of the town, almost 
surrounded by the North Fork, Sandy and Red 
Bank creeks, and encircled by the foothills of 
the Alleghenies, was purchased by public sub- 
scription and the title conveyed to the borough 
subject to the manaeement of the Board of 
Directors. The object is stated in the by-laws 
as follows: "To acquire and take title to 



186 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



certain lands situated in the borough of Brook- 
ville, Jefferson county, Pennsylvania, which 
shall be known as Brookville Park, and to 
convey the same to the borough of Brook- 
ville, Pennsylvania, with such reservations and 
exceptions as will permit said lands to be 
used by the public for a park and playground 
for rest and recreation, for lawful games, field 
meets and general athletics, swimming and 
skating pools, for all of which purposes, sub- 
ject to reasonable rules and regulations 
adopted from time to time by the Board of 
Directors of this corporation, said lands shall 
be free to the people." Provision then follows 
for "Buildings and structures suitable for ag- 
ricultural and fair associations, conventions, 
Chautauquas, institutes, church, religious, fra- 
ternal and social functions, meetings and ban- 
quets, operatic and theatrical performances, 
baseball and other entertainments approved by 
the Board of Directors." An agricultural Fair 
Association was incorporated, and all profits 
must be used for buildings and park improve- 
ments. At the entrance of the park there is 
a splendid auditorium, a monument of public 
spirit, costing about fifty thousand dollars 
raised by public subscription through socials, 
teas, bazaars, festivals. Fourth of July cele- 
brations, the assistance of the Boy Scouts, etc., 
to be used for theatrical purposes and gather- 
ings of all kinds. Dr. J. A. Haven, N. L. 
Strong, S. S. Henderson, L. A. Leathers, Ben 
C. Craig, L. V. Deemer, Sylvester Truman and 
W. X. Conrad constitute the present board of 
directors. 

The Brookville Hospital was made a cer- 
tainty by the legacy of the will of Mrs. Nancy 
Neel, of $25,000. \Y. N. Conrad is the sole 
executor of the last will and testament of the 
benefactress. He is also president of the 
board of trustees of the hospital. 

Mr. Conrad was the first president of the 
Brookville Community Club, which was pri- 
marily responsible for the park project, and 
nothing could be more expressive of the spirit 
which has animated him than the object of 
this organization. In the Brookville Repub- 
lican of Nov. 27, 1913. appeared the following 
comment on the Club from the editor : 

"As is now quite generally known, although 
the policy of the organization is to keep itself 
out of the public prints, there exists in Brook- 
ville a Community Club, a company of repre- 
sentative business and professional men of 
cosmopolitan political and religious beliefs, 
who meet every two weeks to enjoy supper 
together and to spend an hour in discussion 
of subjects affecting the welfare of Brook- 



ville, the members alternating as chairman of 
the meeting and introducing such subjects as 
they desire to have considered. It is not the 
province of the Club to act as an organization 
in taking the initiative in movements for civic 
betterment, but rather to awaken individual 
initiative among its members. W. N. Conrad, 
Esq., is the president of the club. At the last 
meeting of the organization Mr. Conrad read 
his inaugural address and also acted as chair- 
man, and the thoughts which he advanced were 
so broad and their consideration so vital to 
Brookville. that the members of the Club 
unanimously asked that the paper be pub- 
lished, and we are pleased to accede to their 
request." 

We quote the address as published with the 
above remarks : 

I believe that every member of the Community 
Club is now convinced beyond a doubt that its 
scheme of organization opens the door to an un- 
bounded scope of initiative and supplementary activ- 
ity, for sociological, economical, political and com- 
mercial betterment. 

By common consent, irrespective of our religion, 
politics or business, we fortnightly meet at the third 
meal hour to nourish the body and to listen to the 
chairman of the evening discuss any subject he may, 
in his wisdom, introduce, and then lock horns in 
debate, thrust and parry, ridicule and applaud, agree 
and disagree. Does not the result verify an observa- 
tion of Heraclitus of Ephesus, who about five hun- 
dred years B. C. said, "Opposition brings men to- 
gether, and out of discord comes the fairest har- 
mony, and all things have their birth in strife"? 
Does not our plan have the advantage of having a 
private forum ? Our views, ideas, notions or opin- 
ions, undergo the ordeal of a smelting process, and 
as a rule evolve modified and combined into a 
proposition, affirmed by a consensus of opinion. 
When we reach this stage of unanimity, we are prone 
to adjourn or pass on to another subject. 

It has been said that "hell is paved with good 
intentions," and therefore I infer that its streets and 
boulevards must be grand and beautiful. 

For the good of the community, which is our 
good, if we would further progress, and the realiza- 
tion of better things, it is vitally important that we 
translate our conclusions and intentions into actions, 
even if by so doing we diminish the attractiveness 
of enchanting promenades for some of our spirit 
friends. A subject should be continued from night 
to night, until it is thoroughly discussed, a verdict 
reached, and if it is a subject like we had at our 
last meeting, not leave it until we decide what we can 
do, how to do it, and until we have done it, not as 
a club, but as individuals, acting as principals, or as 
abettors. 

Where can there be found on our continents and 
islands any equal area having such number, quantity 
and richness of natural resources as Jefferson 
county, with her subterranean vaults of oil, gas, coal, 
lime, rocks, clays and shales, or as favorable for 
agricultural and dairy pursuits, or having the abun- 
dance of wild berries, nuts and flowers, watered by 
creeks, brooks and springs, or having so varied and 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



181 



numerous a fauna? Our scenery is a masterpiece, 
spreading over myriad hilltops, Arcadian, dainty, 
witching, hospitable and inhabitable, with sunsets 
infinite in variety, and effulgent hues. 

We are floating like sardines on a sea of oppor- 
tunities and fabulous wealth. We have three inde- 
pendent railroad systems passing through our town. 

Harriman, Rockefeller and Carnegie were poor 
boys, and just ordinary young men of mortal com- 
position like ourselves, but with them to reach a 
conclusion was to commence an undertaking. 

Why should we not have factories along South 
Pickering street to Conifer and residences and 
lawns along East Main street to Bootjack? 

Individually we are tiny. Therefore, we should 
co-operate, but here comes the rub. So many per- 
sons will not co-operate unless they are satisfied 
there is an individual return, and therefore their 
expressed opinions are warped, and their activities 
hedged by a narrow selfishness. However, the light 
of a better age is upon us. Men are beginning to 
determine and contribute to that which is for the 
greatest common welfare, influenced by the realiza- 
tion that the indirect benefits thereby accruing to the 
individual are greater than the direct benefits derived 
by every fellow for himself. We all should be good 
enough sports to take our chances to get our share 
out of that which is for common good. Another 
deterrent to proper action, is the consideration, what 
will be the consequences to me if I say this, or do 
this, or how will I be benefited? 1 Never let these 
interrogations befuddle us, because, if we are right, 
the consequences will take care of themselves, and 
be right for us, and this aside from any religious 
viewpoint, although appearances are that we are 
bumping our heads against a stone wall. We should 
be sufficiently broadminded, chivalrous, or shrewd, 
to assist every member of our common community, 
if the opportunity presents itself, for, by so doing, 
we raise our average welfare, and our total wealth. 
If we can help an opponent, be he a competitor, or 
a snarling enemy, to fill his coffers, we should, 
because while we may not enjoy his patronage, yet 
we are making chances for ourselves to tap the 
jingling stream issuing therefrom somewhere as it 
trickles around the town. If you are in a position 
to do a public service by serving as a member of the 
band, fire company, school board, town council, 
health board, or as a civic committeeman, esteem it 
an honor, and an obligation you owe the public, as 
well as yourself, and do not refuse because you have 
not only some personal motive, the penalty for which, 
it known, should be a disqualification. 

This is my promised presidential address. I will 
now introduce my subject as chairman of the even- 
ing. 

A good reputation for a town is as essential for 
the success, prestige and prosperity of a community 
as it is to an individual, and in a financial way, just 
as important, and one of the factors that will go a 
long way to turn the balance of trade in our favor. 

Does it speak well of the capital city of our county, 
the seat of learning and culture, the municipal head- 
Quarters of a subdivision of our Commonwealth, that 
it has no suitable place for the sessions of our 
County Institute, or other conventions? In losing the 
institute, did we not lose some of our tone, and has 
not the loss of our Fair added to our humiliation? 
May not other losses follow unless we awaken? 

Several months ago our townsman, Alfred Tru- 
man, called some of our people together for the 
purpose of considering the purchase of what is com- 
monly known as the "Fair Grounds," and the organi- 



zation of a Fair Association. Several plans were 
suggested, but the consensus of opinion favored some 
plan whereby the grounds could be acquired for gen- 
eral public purposes, baseball, athletics, ^Chautauqua, 
park, reunions, swimming pools, ice skating ponds, 
as well as for a fair association, and these thoughts 
aroused an unusual amount of enthusiasm among 
the persons present. Mr. S. S. Henderson offered 
to donate by deed his interest in the fair grounds, if 
such a plan was adopted. William Truman, F. P. 
Rankin and others offered very liberal cash contribu- 
tions, one offer being as high as one thousand dollars. 

There are about eighteen acres in the peninsula in 
which the fair grounds are situated, and the pur- 
chase of all land between the Red Bank and Sandy 
Lick creeks was favored, which would therefore in- 
clude several residences. Samuel Arthurs owns the 
undivided one-half of the whole of four acres, and 
all of nine acres, which includes the Beach residence. 
S. S. Henderson has the remaining one-half in the 
four acres. The remainder of the eighteen acres is 
owned by the Edelblutes, Smith, Fawcett, Anderson 
and Engle. Mr. Truman had an option from Mr. 
Arthurs on his holdings for $8,000. Committees 
were appointed and the meeting adjourned. 

The option committee has not been able to get 
an option from Mr. Arthurs for a less consideration 
and has failed entirely to ^ecure an option from the 
Edelblutes. Many questions present themselves. 
How shall we acquire this land? What shall be the 
plan of ownership? There are two methods of 
acquisition, 1st, by purchase, 2d, by condemnation. 
Shall we purchase at the price asked, although it be 
deemed high? The borough may condemn it for 
park purposes by paying what viewers and juries 
may award the owners for damages. If this course 
is adopted, a legal question then arises, namely, can 
the borough give permits to a ball association or a 
fair association for the exclusive use of part or all 
of it upon certain days? 

If the land is purchased, and this method is obvi- 
ously preferable and more feasible, who shall be 
invested with the title, the borough, or a corporation 
of the first class, which is a corporation not for 
prtofit? If by the former, the land and its improve- 
ments and its uses would be largely regulated by the 
will of the people, as expressed by the town council. 
If by the latter, the land and its improvements and 
its uses would be regulated by a board of directors 
or trustees, selected in a manner prescribed by the 
laws of the corporation. 

I presume that we all concede and agree that a 
baseball and a fair association would be separate 
corporations, and the only question would be the 
terms of issuing permits or licenses, or leasing to 
them. Two of the conditions I submit should be, 
1st. that all improvements or buildings made or 
erected should become a part of the freehold and not 
removable ; 2d, that the said corporation should not 
be for profit. 

There is probably no place in the whole world 
more suitable than the fair grounds for the pur- 
poses which I have mentioned and other purposes 
that may remain to be suggested. The grounds are 
ideally situated. They are central, and surrounded 
by unexcelled natural beauties. We can make them 
an advertisement for us, far and wide. A tow'n that 
has so many magnificent edifices in the way of prop- 
erties costing hundreds of thousands of dollars, paid 
for by public subscription, bears eloquent testimonial 
of the energy, pluck and liberality of our people 
when they go on the warpath. 



188 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



Socially Mr. Conrad is a Mason, belonging 
to Hobah Lodge, No. 276, F. & A. M. (of 
which he was the worshipful master in 1904), 
Jefferson Chapter, No. 225, R. A. M., Bethany 
Commandery, No. 83, K. T., of DuBois, Pa., 
Coudersport Consistory (thirty-second de- 
gree), and Jaffa Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., 
of Altoona, Pa. While a member of the Pres- 
byterian Church, he is not sectarian. He is a 
member of the Pennsylvania Society of New 
York, of the Pennsylvania Forestry Associa- 
tion, and of the executive committee of the 
No-License League. He was chosen delegate 
for the counties of Armstrong, Indiana, 
Clarion and Jefferson, constituting the Twenty- 
seventh Congressional district, to the Pro- 
gressive convention at Chicago, 111., 1916. 

Mr. Conrad has visited every State in the 
Union except Maine, Canada from Victoria 
to Quebec, parts of Mexico, and parts of 
Europe. He was a passenger on the "Lusi- 
tania'' several months before it was torpedoed. 
When a boy he bicycled all over western 
Pennsylvania, and over parts of New York, 
Ohio and West Virginia. He has probably 
the largest local collection of kodak pictures, 
including photographs of an Apache Fiesta, 
a little known celebration of the Jicarilla 
Apaches in a remote corner of northern New 
Mexico, near Horse Lake. 

Mr. Conrad married Martha V. Rhed, 
daughter of B. F. Rhed, of Snyder township, 
Tefferson county, and they have one child, 
John W. 

ENOS G. NOLPH, who has lived at Punx- 
sutawney since retiring from active pursuits, 
is a native of New Bethlehem, Clarion Co., 
Pa., and a son of the first white settler in 
that county. Xow nearing the close of his 
eightieth year. Mr. Xolph has witnessed most 
of the transformation of this region from 
primitive to modern conditions, and like his 
father has borne his part in its progress. His 
life record is one of industry and fidelity to 
duty, showing the possession of the sterling 
qualities which have made all of this name re- 
spected for substantial worth. 

Mr. Nolph's grandfather came from Ger- 
many and settled in Luzerne county, Pa., 
where he died. His children were: George, 
Mrs. Henry Rhoads, Mrs. Sarah George, and 
Henry, the latter the father of Enos G. Xolph. 
Henry Xolph, well known in his day as "Gum" 
Xolph, was born in Luzerne county, Pa., and 
ran away from home when twelve years old, 
traveling on foo 1 to Clarion county, where he 
settled among the Indians at the mouth of 



Town run. This adventurous beginning to his 
career was quite typical of his character — 
energetic, self-reliant, fearless, enterprising ; in 
short, be bad the very traits most necessary to 
a successful light for existence in the wild 
region he chose. 1 1 anting was his principal 
occupation at first, but later he engaged in 
lumbering, building the first sawmill in Clarion 
county, at the mouth (if Town run. lie ran 
the first lumber taken from that point to Pitts- 
burgh down Red Bank creek, making the trip 
back up river by canoe, and bringing material 
fur his sawmill and other supplies by the same 
conveyance, lie also had the first gristmill in 
the county, and owned the site where the town 
of Xew Bethlehem now stands. In 1842 he 
suffered great loss by the flood, the worst 
ever known in this section, which carried away 
his home, sawmill and all other buildings, de- 
stroying the work of years. In spite of hard 
work and the privations incident to pioneer 
life Mr. Xolph attained the great age of eighty- 
eight years, dying in Clarion county; and his 
wife, Sarah (Reed), died there aged ninety- 
nine years, eight months. She was a daughter 
of Peter Reed, formerly of Westmoreland 
county, who came thence to Jefferson county 
in 1802, making a settlement in what is now 
( )liver township. Ten children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Nolph: Mary Ann died unmar- 
ried; Lewis, deceased, married Hannah 
Yount ; Susanna married David Gwinn ; Sarah 
married Matthias Light ; Rebecca married Al- 
exander Mauk; one died in infancy; Enos G. 
is next in the family ; Thomas served during 
the Civil war in the uth Pennsylvania Pedi- 
ment and was killed in June, 18(14, at Reams 
Station, while taking part in an engagement: 
Eliza died young ; Samuel, who served during 
the Civil war in the 20f>th Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers, was killed in 1876 by a falling tree, 
in Pinecreek, Jefferson county. 

Enos G. Nolph was born Jan. 3. 1837, at 
Xew Bethlehem, Clarion .county, where he 
was reared, working with his father up to the 
age of sixteen years. He had by that time be- 
come quite familiar with the lumber business, 
which he followed until the Civil war broke 
out, shortly afterwards, in July, 1861, joining 
Company I., nth Pennsylvania Volunteer 
Cavalry, and serving to the end of the struggle, 
being honorably discharged Sept. 15. 1865. 
His service was arduous but interesting, his 
command being attached to the Army of the 
Potomac under Sheridan up to the time of 
Lee's surrender. At Reams Station Mr. Nolph 
was shot through the right knee, and follow- 
ing this he was promoted to the rank of cor- 



JEFFERSON COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



189 



poral and later sergeant. His army service 
ended, he returned to Clarion county, and for 
two years afterwards suffered poor health as 
a consequence of the hardships of military life. 
When ahle to resume activities he ran a saw- 
mill on the Clarion river and was so engaged 
for ten years ; for many years following he 
was employed as an expert saw filer at various 
mills, as he had become well qualified for this 
important work. Meantime, in 1874, he had 
bought a farm in < )liver township, Jefferson 
county, which he cultivated for three years. 
In 1882 he removed to Cool Spring, where he 
operated a handle factory very successfully 
for a period of eight years, and also held the 
position of postmaster at that place for a num- 
ber of years, becoming one of the best known 
residents of the town. In October. 1911, he 
removed to Punxsutawney. where he enjoys 
his days in leisure — taking a well earned period 
of rest, lie is a member of the Church of 
Cod. 

.Mr. Xolph married Mary E. Morris, daugh- 
ter of James Madison and Phoebe (Williams) 
Morris, and they had two children, James 
(Irani and Carrie Austella. The latter, born 
March 5, 1872, attended the Clarion State Nor- 
mal School and State College, and is now a 
teacher in the Punxsutawney public schools. 
Mrs. Xolph died Sept. 1 1. tgi 1. and is buried 
at Oliveburg. 

James Grant Xoi.pii, only son of Enos 
G. Xolph. is now one of the active figures 
in mercantile circles in Punxsutawney, where 
he has been in business since 1905. He was 
born June 27 ', 1870. in Pinecreek township, 
and attended the public scjiools during his boy- 
hood, later taking a course at the Clarion State 
Normal School, from which he was graduated 
in 1893. ' : ° r e >ght years thereafter he taught 
school in Jefferson, Forest and McKean 
counties, until he entered the service of the 
United S'ates government, in the war depart- 
ment, being stationed at Schuylkill Arsenal, 
Philadelphia. He was in the service six years, 
following which he was engaged for a year 
as business manager of Temple College, Phil- 
adelphia, lie has since been located at Punx- 
sutawney, where in 1905 he embarked in busi- 
ness as a stationer and paper dealer, in the 
Beyer building. The scope of the enterprise 
enlarged gradually, taking in allied lines or 
other merchandise for which he found general 
demand, and as his first quarters became re- 
stricted he moved to the W r inslow block, and 
in August, 1914, to his commodious store in 
the Pantall block, about which time the news 



agency of the town was added to his business. 
He now has the largest establishment of the 
kind in this part of the State, his stock includ- 
ing books, stationery, office supplies, news- 
papers and magazines, cigars and candy, and 
in addition to retailing, he acts as wholesale 
agent to many smaller houses in the territory. 
In 1914 he established another place, at Ridg- 
way, known as the Ridgway Xews Stand, 
while his main business in "Punxy" is con- 
ducted under the name of J. G. Xolph & Co. 
There is no better example of enterprise well 
applied than this Xolph store, started so mod- 
estly, but of such rapid and substantial growth 
that its success is noteworthy among the mer- 
cantile houses of Jefferson county. Mr. Nolph 
has shown himself equally energetic in help- 
ing the local business men to organize for 
their own good. He was one of the founders 
of the Business Men's Association, and for 
several years served as its treasurer ; he is 
also a member of the Chamber of Commerce. 
Socially he belongs to John W. Jenks Lodge, 
Xo. 534. F. & A. M., of Punxsutawney. Mr. 
Xolph married E. Pearl Thompson, of Oil 
City, Pa.. Aug. 21, 1889, and they have two 
children, Ceridwyn L. and James Grant, Jr. 
Mrs. Xolph was also graduated from the 
Clarion State Xormal School, 1894, and for 
five years taught in the public schools of her 
home town. She also attended the Shoemaker 
School of Oratory and Elocution, Philadelphia. 

ISAAC I',. M. LAUGHLIN, of Summer- 
ville, has been a well known figure in that 
borough and Jefferson county for a number 
of vears. At present he is serving as justice 
of the peace and State health officer. He is 
also a prominent member of the Odd Fellows, 
is a recognized friend of every good move- 
ment and enjoys the confidence of his many 
friends in the town and county. He has spent 
all his life in this region, having been born in 
Clover township Nov. 4. 1856, son of John 
McLaughlin and grandson of Joseph Mc- 
Laughlin, through whom he is of Irish ex- 
traction, his father being a native of Ireland, 
who became an early settler in Westmoreland 
county, about 1834 bringing his family to Jef- 
ferson county. He spent the remainder of his 
life in this vicinity, he and his wife dying in 
their old log house in Limestone township, 
Clarion county, just across the Jefferson 
county line. They were sincere members of 
the Baptist Church, and active in its work. 
Their family consisted of ten children, namely : 
Sally, Airs. Davis ; John ; George, who enlisted 
in the 105th Pennsylvania Volunteer Regiment, 



190 



JEFFERSOX COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA 



and died in a hospital in Philadelphia after he 
had seen service in many battles ; Mrs. Leah 
Miller; Jacob, deceased; Elizabeth, Mrs. Wal- 
dorf; Henry, who died at the old homestead; 
James, who lived at Kingsville, Clarion Co. ; 
Abram, who served through the Civil war in 
the 105th Pennsylvania Regiment, and died 
from the effects of wounds received at the 
battle of Fair Oaks ; Mary, who died unmar- 
ried. The mother of this family was of Ger- 
man descent. 

John McLaughlin, father of Isaac B. 
McLaughlin, was a native of Westmoreland 
county, but grew up in Jefferson county. After 
his marriage he purchased a tract of land in 
Clover township, to which he added as his 
means permitted, and made his home there un- 
til his death, in September. 1894, at the age 
of seventy-three years. Most of his time was 
spent in farming; he also carried on lumber- 
ing. Being industrious and upright, he pros- 
pered and won an estimable position among his 
neighbors. He married Harriet Carrier, who 
died in 1873, the mother of eight children, 
four of whom are deceased : Lucinda J., Mrs. 
J. F. Guthrie, deceased; Mary M.. Mrs. 
Mooney : Nathan A.; Isaac B. ; Albert, Eliza 
and Ida. all of whom died in childhood ; and 
Harriet. Mrs. Plyler. The parents were mem- 
ber- of the Methodist Church. 

Nathan Carrier, father of Mrs. Harriet 
( Carrier ) McLaughlin, came from Connecticut 
at an early day and wa