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The Jewish 

Communal Register 

of New York City 



<^ 



1917-^9^8/^. 






// 



I 

y n n 



Second Edition 



EDITED AND PUBLISHED 
hj the 



Kehillah (Jewish Community) of New York City 



356 SECOND AVENUE 

NEW YOBK CITY 



3i>2 7 5-/- 3^" 



(«Rv;ito CQiiEGE iirrt^tT 
.TIAHSFEtntD fn^ IHI 

LILRAliT OF THE 
OIVIiluM DF euCIOLDOT 

iJi.' ^iifcif fcfTir' 111 



KEIflLI.AH (JEWISH COMMUNITY) 
OK NEW YORK CITY 



Ire 







PREFACE 

Xew York City is the heart of American Jewry. Here 
are gathered a million and a half Jews, one-half of all 
the Jews in this country. Here is a vast community 
growing vaster every year. Here is a community life, 
already rich in achievement, and growing more promis- 
ing with every new object achieved. 

And yet the one essential to make permanent the gains 
thus far made, and to ensure progress in the future, is 
sorely lacking — the community is not sufficiently con- 
seious of itself. The community does not really know 

i itself. 

No person or group of persons has thus far been able to 
present a comprehensive account of the bewildering num- 
ber of communal activities carried on by the Jews in this 
dxy. No person or group of persons has thus far been 

j ible to give an accurate statement of the vast expenditure 

f money for these activities, and certainly no person or 

group of persons has thus far attempted to make clear 

the profound mecining for the Jew and for America of 

all these commimal efforts on the part of the Jewry of 

l\ the greatest city in the world. 

What, then, is the first duty of those who would bring 
order out of chaos in the communal life of the Jews in 
New York Cityf What is the immediate obligation of 
those who are eager to point the way for a sound and 
constructive policy of Jewish communal development in 
the years to come f Their first task, it would seem, is to 
help the community to know itself as it is at present. 

iU 



COHUDNAL BEOISTER 



loint of view, and new work he planned and started wit' 

1 the needs of the conunuiiity in mind. 

I The "Jewish Communal Register" will then serve tw 

■reat purposes. It will help the individual Jew and th 

■ewiah Community to see themselves as they really ar 

1 relation to each other, and will thus be the first step t 

I full realization of Jewish life in this city. It will adi 

lo the progress of the general community and of th 

■ountry as a whole by furnishing the proper material 

pid the proper view-point for a true understanding o 

Jhe efforts the Jews in the foremost city of America ar 

naking to contribute their share to the fulfillment of th 

■est ideals of American life. 

J A final word of appreciation must be added. That th 
Jewish Communal Register for 1917-1919 has been com 



CONTENTS 

FROKTrSPISCE — 

^p showing comparison between Jewish population of 
New York City and the combined popolations of the coun- 
tries of Western Europe, South America, Canada and 
Palestine. 

PREFACE iU 

CAIfXDARS 17 

A Monthly and weekly calendar for the Jewish year 

1917-1918 19 

B. Table showing' dates on which Jewish holidays and fes- 
tivals occur in 1915-16 to 1926-27 - 32 

C. Anniversary and Bar Mitzvah Tables for the years 
1870-71 to 1917-18 34 

D. Time of Sunset and Sunrise in the latitude of New 
York City 42 

THE KEHILIiAH (Jewish Community) .,---. 43 

A. A Brief History of the Kchillah of New York City, by 
Harry Sackler, Administrative 8ec\v of the Kchillah - 45 

B. Charter of the Kehillah, an Act passed by the Legisla- 
lature and approved by the Governor, April 5, 1914 - 57 

C. Constitution adopted by the Kchillah on Feb. 28, 1909 - 59 

D. Plan of representation and organization proposed and 
adopted at the Special Convention of the Kehillah on 
Sunday, January 13th, 1918 63 

Diagram showing plan of Kehillah Organization and 
Representation facing p. 64 

E. Members of the Executive Committee of the Kehillah - 72 

JEWISH POPULATION OP NEW YORK CITY - - - 75 

A. A Statistical Study of the Jewish Population of New 
York City, by Alexander M. Dushkin, Head of Depart- 
ment of Study and Appraisal, Bureau of Jewish Edu- 
cation 75 

B. Map of New York City showing division into Districts 
and Neighborhoods as basis of representation and 
administration of the Kehillah (Jewish Community) 

of New York City facivg p. 75 

C. Map of New York City showing density of Jewish 



I population by Districts and NeighborliooiiB of the 
I KchiUah (Jewish Community) of New York City, 

facing p. 

flSH COMMUNAL AGENCIBS IN NB\V YORK 
■city - - 

I How the JowTBh Communal Register waa Compiled, by 
I Meir Isaacs, Bureau, of Jewish Education - - - - 
I Table sbotriug number of organizations per 10,000 Jcsvh 
! eighteen Districts of the Kehillah (Jewish Com- 
y). New York City, and tho Classitication of theso 
I organizatioaa into Beligious and Cultural, Phil ant hropie 
I and Correctional, Economic and Mutual Aid, and 

I Miscellaneous ■ - 

Graph showing tho above ..------ 

iTable giving an estimate of the approximate amount of 
1 money which Jewish Coniraunnl Agencies in New York 

I City spend for Jewish purposes 

Graph showing the above 

Graph showing how every dollar spent by the .Tewish 
Community is distributed among the various com- 
munal activities 

I Table giving salient facts of 2,000 biographical notes 
I of presidents of Jewish organizations in New York 
' cing p. 



B. RBLrlGIOVS FVIVCTIONAIUBS 287 

The Va'ad Horabbonim, by Babbi J. Eakoltky, 

Secretary 287 

Members of the Va'ad Horabbonim 292 

The New York Board of Jewish MinistcrSy by Bev. Dr. 

D. de Sola Pool, Former President 204 

Members of the New York Bofird of Jewish Ministers 208 
The Cantors and Their Problem, by Bev. N. Abramson, 

President, Jewish Cantors' Association of America - 301 

Jewish Cantors' Association of Anferica 305 

Members of Jewish Cantors' Association of America 

residing in New York City 305 

List of Shochetim 308 

C. RITUAL INSTlTUTlOlfS 312 

A Few Remarks on Kashruth 312 

The Milah Board of the Jewish Community, by Bev. 

Dr. M. H3ramson, Chairman 321 

Ajjudath Hamohelim 328 

Liist of Licensed Mohelim (Members of the Agudath 

Hamohelim) 328 

The Jewish Sabbath Association, by Rev. Dr. Bernard 

Drachman, Chairman 330 

List of Free Burial Societies in Now York City - - 331 

Li!«t of Jf»wi9h Comoteries in New York City - - - ?..'►(> 

Illustration of Jewish Cemetery on West 21 st Street - 339 

D. CH%5iSIDlSM IS THE XKW WORLD, by Isaac Even :\\l 

EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES 317 

A. JEWISH RELIGIOUS SCHOOLS 

Present Status of Jewish Religious Edue^'ition in New 
York City, by S. Benderly, Director, Bureau of Jewish 

Education - - - - ' 310 

Table I, showing number of children receiving 

Jewish instruction 35S 

Graph showing the same 350 

Table II, showing tj'pes of Jewish school accommo- 
dation 3(i0 

Graph showing the same 3(5 1 

Table III, showing the size of the Jewish Scliools - 'MV2 

Graph showing the same 'U>:i 

Table IV^ showing auspices under whioh Jewisli in- 
struction is given 304 

Graph showing the same 365 

3 



\ 



Graph showing proportion of children receiving in- 
stmction in Jewish schools in the eighteen Districts 
of the Kehillah (Jemish Community} of New York 

City ?,i 

Prefatory Notea on the Jewish Educational Agencies of 
New York, by Alexander M. Duahkin, Head of Deporf- 
ment of Study and Appraisal, Bureau of Jewish EUuca- 

Supplementaty Weekday Instruction - - - _- - 8' 
List of Weekday Communal Schools in Manhattan 

and the Bronx 3 

List of Weekday Communal Schools in Brook It's, 
QuEcna and Richmond --------- 3 

List of Congregational Weekday Schools, Manhattan 

and Bronx 3; 

List of CongrcentioiiiU Weekday Schools in Brook- 
lyn, Queens and Bichmond -l. 

List of Institutional Weekday Schools, Manhatlnn 

and Bronx - . - - ;i 

List of Institutional Weekday Schools, Brooklyn - 3 
List of Private Weekday Schools, MnnliBttan, Bronx 
and Brooklyn 3 

Sunday School Instruction 3 

List of Congregational Sunday Schools in Bronx and 

Manhaltaii .--.--- 3 

List of Congregational Sunday Schools in Brooklyn, 



HBCBBATIONAL and CUI/TURAIj AOBNGIES - - 407 

RecrottUoa in the Jewish Gonmniiiity of New York 
City, hj Julius Drachsler, Secretaiy of tlie Faculty, 
School for Jewish Ck>mmanal Work - - - . . 467 

A. THB l?irORK OF YOUNG MBN'8 HEBRETW AND 
KIHDRED ASSOCIATIONS IN NKW YORK CITY, by 

I. B. OoM passer. Chairman, Adylsory Committee of 
the National Council of Younff Men's Hebrew and 
Kindred Associations ......... 4^5 

List of the Young Men's Hebrew Assoeiations • 483 
List of Young Women's Hebrew Associations - - 486 
Lisi of Settlements 487 

Young Men's Hebrew Association, 92nd Street and 

Lexington Avenue --.- 489 

Dlustrations of Y. M. H. A. 491 

Young Women's Hebrew Association, 31 W. 110th St. 603 

Dlustrationa of Y. W. H. A. 505 

Educational Alliance, E. Broadway and Jefferson St. 529 
Illustrations of Educational Alliance 531 

Hebrew Educational Society, Hopkinson and Sutter 
Avenues, BrookljTi ---* 547 

Illustration of Hebrew Educational Society - - - 549 

List of Professional Workers in Young Men's Hebrew 

and Kindred Associations 551 

List of Social and Literary Societies 557 

List of Jewish Clubs 562' 

Hebrew-Speaking Clubs in America, by Z. Scharf stein. 

Bureau of Jewish Education 564 

List of Hebrew-Speaking Societies in New York City 571 

B. THE YIDDISH THEATRE, by David Pinakl - - - 572 

List of Yiddish Theatres 577 

Illustration of Grand Street Theatre 579 

C*. YIDDISH LITERATURE (IN THE OLD WORLD 

AND THE NEW), by Joel Enteen 581 

D. THE JEWISH PRESS IN NEW YORK CITY, by 

Samuel Margroshes, Bureau of Jewish Education - - 596 

Table I, showing radius of influence of New York 

Yiddish Dailies 617 

Table II, showing the complexion of the Jewish 

Press in New York City 618 

List of Jewish periodicals published in New York 

City previous to 1917 619 

List of Jewish periodicals appearing in New York 
City in 1917 628 

5 



CniQpoaite picture of the heading! of the prindpnl 
Jewish neiTspapera and pcriodicala published in New 
York City 

■nomic agencies 

I The IndUBtriaJ Problem ot the Jew In New York 
I City, by Paul Abeleon, Director, Burean of 
■ IttdnstT]- ,.-,.,,..._-- 

IkON-COMHBRCIAL BHPLOYHBliT BUHEAUS IN 
1 TBB JEWISH COMMCNITY OF NISW roHK CITV. 

I by Joseph Gedalecla, Manager of the CommunnI Em- 

I ployment Bureau for the Handicapped - - - - - 

Table abowing tbe number of placements made by the 

Jewish Non-Coniinercial Emplovraent Bureaus in llie 

course of one year - - - ' 

List of Jewish Non-Commercial Emplovment Bureaus 
in New York City 

VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS BSTABLISHEU AND lt\I>- 

I TAINBD BT THB JEWISH COMMVXITV IN NBW 

I YORK, by J. Ernest G. Yalden. Superintendent. Baron 

! Hlrach Trade achool ---------- 

List anil Description of Vocational Schools Main- 
tained by (ho .Tewiah Community of Now York 



List of Trade AsBoeiations 722 

LiiBt of Prof esBional Workers in Economie Ageneies - 724 

>irTUAIi AID AGENCIES 723 

A. THE CRBDIT UNION MOVEMENT AMONG THE 
JE^'S OF NEW YORK CITY, by Hyman Kaplan, for- 
merly of the Bureau* for Jewish Philanthropic Re- 
8«>arch ---------------- 727 

List of Jewish Credit Unioni in New York City - 730 
Table giving Main Features of Transactions of Jew- 
ish Credit Unions in New York City • facing p. 730 

B. MUTUAL AID ORGANIZATIONS, by Frank F. Rosen- 
blatt. Chief of Staff, Bureau of Philanthropic Re- 
search 732 

Table of Mutual Aid Societies 735 

List of Mutual Aid Societies in Manhattan and the 

Bronx 73« 

List of Mutual Aid Societies in Brooklyn and Queens 856 

C. JEl^'ISH FRATERNAL ORGANIZATIONS, by Leo 

Wolfson, First Vice-Grand Master (In New York), 

Independent Western Star Order 865 

Table showing Salient Features of Jewish Orders in 

Xew York City 869 

Arlx?iter Ring 871 

List of Branches in New York Citv 872 

Independent Order B'nai B'rith ' 885 

List of Lodges in New York City 8s6 

InJ<.'pendeni Order B'rith Abraham 8S8 

List of Lodges in New York City '8SS 

Independent Order B'rith Sholom 0.'55 

List of Lodged in New York City 9.'*5 

Independent Order Free Sons of Israc?! i*50 

List of Lodges in New York City 9130 

Independent Order Sons of Benjamin 950 

List of Lodges in New York City 956 

Indop^Tident Order of True Sisters 957 

List of Lodges in New York City 957 

I Independent Western Star Order ' 958 

List of Lodges in New York City 95S 

Jewish National Workers' Alliance of Amoriofi - - - 961 

List of Lodges in New York City 962 

Order B'rith Abraham 965 

List of Lodges in New York City 9(J5 

Order Sons of Zion 980 

List of Camps in New York City 980 

7 



I Order ii£ l!ie Uuiteii Hebrew Brolliprs 

List of Lodges in New York City ------ 

fc^NTHROPlC AGENCIES 

I Jewish PhllanLhropj- In New York City, by Morris 
I D. Waldman, Gxerutive Diroclor, Federated Jew- 

■ ish Charities of Bost4>n - 

IrBLIBF SOCIBTIKS 

I United Hebrew Cborities of the Cilj- of Npw York and 
I Subsidifiry Relief Agenciea, by Abraham Oseroff, 
1 Executive Secretary ...--....- 

lUuHtration of United Hebrew Cbarities Building - 

List of Jewish Belief Societies in New York City - 

I The Federation of Sisterhoods, by AbrRham Oseroff, i 

I Executive Director, United Hebrew Charities - - - 1012 | 

I HOSPITALS I 

List of Jewish Hoapitals, Sanitaria and Cocvalee- 

ceut Homes 1014 

llIuBtratious of Jewish Hoapitals ------ 1025 

■ je:wish day nursbiuks ik new vork city, by 

I Abraham OseroR, Executive Director. United Hebrew 

I Charities 1033 

Tabic giving Salient Facts of Jewish Dav Nurseries 103T 
t York City - - 1039 



fUECnONAL AGENCIES 1131 

Probteni of DeUnqnency in the Jefirifh Oommimity 
<if Nevr Toffk City, hj Aleguuidflr H. KamlBakj, 
Mmxuig^ns Director, Jewish Big Brother Am*ii - - 1133 

List and Description of Jewish Correctional Agencies 

in New York City 1136 

List of Professional Workers in Correctional Agen- 
ciea 1143 



I 



X>RDINAT1NG, STANDARDI2ING AND RESEARCH 
AGENCIES 1147 



U Standardizing and Research Institn- 
tioBs in Xen' York City, by Julias Drachsler, Sec- 
retary of tlie Faculty, School for Jewish Com- 
munal Work 1149 

The Bureau of Jewish Education 1153 

The Council of Young Men's Hebrew and Kindred 

Associations 1156 

The Bureau of Industry 1168 

The Bureau of Philanthropic Research 1160 

The Bureau of Jewish Statistics and Research - - • 1162 

Thp School for Jewish Communal Work 1163 

The Association of Jewish Communal Students - • 1164 
Professional Workers in Research Institutions - - - 1165 

XNTRAL AND XATIONAIi ORGANIZATIONS HAV- 
ING CONSTITUKNCIE8 IN NEW YORK CITY - 1167 

A. RELIGIOUS 

The Central Conference of American Rabbis, by Rev. 

Dr. Samuel Schulman 1169 

List of Members of the Central Conference of Ameri- 
can Rabbis residing in New York City 1175 

Eastern Council of Reform Rabbis, by Rev. Dr. Joseph 
Silverman, President 1177 

List of Members of the Eastern Council of Reform 
Rabbis residing in New York City 1178 

Agndath Horabbonim (Union of Orthodox Rabbis of 
the United States and Canada), by Rabbi M. S. 
Margolies, President 1180 

List of Members of the Agudath Horabbonim, resid- 
ing in New York City 1187 

Agndath Horabbonim Hamatiffim (Jewish Ministers' 

9 



AsBucttLtion of America), by Babbi S. L. Hnrwitz, 

List of Members of the Agudnth Horabbonim Hamai- 
tiffim, residing iu New York City - - - 

Cantors' Aflsociatiun of America - - - - 

Union of American Hebrew CongregationB - 
ConatitucQt Synagogues in New York Cily 
Department of Synagogue and School Extens 

Union of Orthodcgt Jewish Congregations ■ 
Constituent Synagogues in New York City 

United 8j"nagDgne of America - - - - . 
Constituent Sj-nagoguea in New York City 



The Bureau of Jewish Education - - . - 
The Board of Jewish School Aid - - - - 
The Jewish Theological Seminary of America 
Tlie Rabbinical College of America - 
The School for Jewish Communal Work - 
, SOC'IAL AND CULTURAI. I 

Thrf Jewish Board for Welfare Work, by Cheater J. I 



The Indimtrial Removal Office 1246 

Institutions for Promotion of Affricolture Among the 
Jews in the United States^ by J. W. Pineus, Secretary, 
Federation of Jewish Farmers 1248 

List of ufi^ri<*iiltuml societies 1254 

The JewiHh Socialist Fe<leration of America, by Frank 
F. Bosenblatt, Chief of Staff, Bureau of Philanthropic 
Rp*eareh 1256 

List of Branches in New York City 1262 

Young People's Socialist League 1260 

List of Circles in New York City 12C;J 

Aina1gamate<l Clothinjj Workers of America, l»y Joseph 
Schlossberg, General Secretary - - - - - - - 1264 

Lif?t of locals in New York City 1268 

International Fur Workers' Union of United States 

hinl Canada 1269 

Li«t of locals in New York Citv 1269 

International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union, by 
Benjamin Schlesinger, President 1270 

List of locals in New York Citv 1275 

The United Cloth Hat and Cap Makers' Union of 
America 1276 

List of locals in Now York City 1276 

Thp United Hebrew Trades, by Frank F. Rosenblatt, 
Chief of Staff, Bureiiu of Philunthropic Research - - 1277 

List of lor.'ils in New York City 1279 

a MITIAL AID 1280 

Fe«leration of Jewish Cooi>er;ifiv(» Societies of AnnMica 12S0 
List of Constituents in N<»w York 12S0 

F. PHILANTHROPIC 

Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic 
Societies of New York Citv, bv 1. E. Goldwasser, 
Executivp Direi'tor 12S1 

List of constituent soriHit^s 1294 

The Fetleration Drive for Iiien^asrd Mfmborsljip (Juii- 

uarv 14th to Januarv 27t]i, 1918) i:i04 

BrookMi Federation of Jewish Charities - - - - i;n2 

List of constituent societies IT. 1 2 

National Conferenci? of Jewish Charities .... i;n.'i 

List of constituent societies in New York City - - l'U4 
National Feileration of Temple Sisterlioo«ls - - - l.'UC) 

List of constituent societies in New York City - - 1317 
The Jewish Consumptives* Relief Society (Denver 

Sanitarium) I'^l" 

Family Desertion as a Communitv ProlHem \\m\ Its 

11 



I^ON, PAUL, DirKtDT. Bureau of Indiutry. 

mployers' Ass ueial ions in Jimisii Tiados TIO' 

fhe Industrial Problem of the Jew in New Yuik City. . 
tSON, REV. N., FTHlduit, Jewish Cutor*' Aiuiciatleii of 

lora and Their Probl™ 301 

ITEAU, rabbi a. J., Manaaer af the Society for the Welfare 
r cif tba J.w[.b Deaf. 

JThe Jpw-iBli Haiidicapped 1089 

llERLY, S., Director, Bureau ol Jewish EducaUsa. 

Irhe Present StatuB of Jewish Beligioug Eduoation in 
' " » York Citv , 



■STEIN. LUDWIG B.. Sup't, Hebrew ShellariDc Guardian 
'(Klety. Pleuanlville, New York. 

espnt Status and Needs of Jewisb Child Care in 

Greater Ni'iV York 

N, REUBEN. 
[The Heliraiu MovBraeiit in 
Ibritli ill Nun York. 
■aAS. JACOB. Secrctarr. 



America and the Histadrutli 



Tiddiflh latenture (In the Old World and the Nevr) ... 581 

ISKOLSKY, RABBI J^ Swntery. 

Va'ad Horabbonim 287 

EVEN, ISAAa 

Chauidism in the New World 341 



GEDALECIA. JOSEPH, MaaM«r ol. tli* romMwl E»pl«nMBt 
BoTMn for tiba nmadkmppmdL 

Non-Commercial Employment Bureaoa in the Jewish 

Comnmnity of New York City 641 

GLANZ. A^ MMabOT ol CMtnl ConmittM. 

The Socialist Territorialiat Labor Party 1386 

OOLDWASSEIL I. EDWIN, EMcatly* Dinctor. 

Federation for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic 

Societies of New York 1281 

The Work of Young Men's Hebrew and Kindred Asso* 

eiations in New York City 475 

GOODMAN, HENRY. 

The Jews of New York in the ReUef Work 1462 

HURWITZ, RABBI S. U, S«cr«tary. 

Agudath Horabbonim Hamattifim (Jewish Ministers' 

Association of America) 11S9 

HYAMSON. REV. DR. M., Chmirmaa. 

The Milah Board of the Jewish Community 321 

ISAACS. MEIR, BuTMU of Jmriak Educatiom. 

How the Jewish Communal Register Was Compiled. ... 91 

JOSEPH. SAMUEL. 

Jewish Immigrant Work 1237 

KAMINSKY. ALEXANDER H., MaiM«iaff Diractor. JnrUh Big 
Brotk«r Associatioii. 

The Problem of Delinquency in the Jewish Community 

of New York City 113;] 

KAPLAN. HYMAN. formwiy of the Jewish Bureau off Philaa- 
tropic Rooearch. 

The Credit Union Movemoit Among the Jews of Now 

York City 727 

KAPLAN. M. M.. Prafeesor of Homiletice, Jewish Theological 
Seinfaary of America. 

Affiliation with the Synagogue 117 

KRETCHMAR-ISREELI. A. 

The Poal-Zion Movement 1374 

15 



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ciuiByiyaiiia, New Jersey, New York 



1918 


Dawn 


Sunrise 


Sunset 


Twilight 
En<& 




Begins 






1.... 


5.46 


7.25 


4.43 


6.22 . 


10. . . . 


5.46 


7.25 


4.51 


6.29 . 


20,... 


5.45 


7.19 


5.03 


6.38 . 


1.... 


5.37 


7.10 


5.18 


6.51 


10. . . . 


5.29 


7;T)1 


5.29 


7.00 . 


20.... 


5.17 


6.48 


5.40 


7.12 . 


. 1.... 


5.03 


6.35 


5.51 


7.22 . 


.10.... 


4.49 


6.21 


6.01 


7.32 . 


.20.... 


4.33 


6.04 


6.11 


7.44 . 


1.... 


4.12 


5.45 


6.24 


7.56 . 


10. . . . 


3.54 


5.28 


6.33 


8.08 .. 


20.... 


3.36 


5.13 


6.43 


8.21 


1.... 


3.16 


4.59 


6.58 


8.32 . . 


10.... 


3.02 


4.50 


7.04 


8.45 . . 


20.... 


2.46 


4.39 


7.14 


9.00 .. 


1.... 


2.32 


4.31 


7.24 


9.23 .. 


10. . . . 


2.27 


4.28 


7.29 


9.32 . . 


20.... 


2.25 


4.29 


7.34 


9.36 . . 


1.... 


2.28 


4.31 


7.35 


9.37 . . 


10.... 


2.38 


4.37 


7.33 


9.31 


20.... 


2.50 


4.44 


7.27 


9.21 . . 


1.... 


3.06 


4.56 


7.16 


9.06 .. 


10. . . . 


3.19 


5.05 


7.06 


8.50 .. 


».... 


3.34 


5.15 


6.53 


8.33 .. 


1.... 


3.50 


5.27 


A XI 


o ■•'» ' 



Kehillah 



COUMUNAk REOIBTKB 

led upon by the nou-Jewi^ world as the authoritativi 
vesentative of Jewish interests. 
I would, indeed, have been rather strange and discoD 
ing if a tradition so deeply rooted in Jewish life a 
■ewish experience, would have been discontinaed 
I new haven which the Jews found in the 
liBphere. For a long time it looked as if Amerioai 
7 — and particularly in its greatest point of cooces 
fton, in the City of New York — would break with thi 
Kradition and be content to remain a conglomeratiin 
Isolated, small congregations. For many years 
led as if there were small hope that the greatest Jew 
aggregation in the world would make an effort U 
le on a common platform and thus make possible M 
Ition o£ both its external and internal problemBi 
re, indeed, many difSculties in the way of suohi 
[rganization. The heterogeneous character of the Jew- 



THB KKHnJiAH (JSWBH OOXlfUNITT) 47 

oC eactemal pressure greatly helped to weld Jewish inter- 
ests and develop community consciousness. 

Beginning with the mass immigration of Eastern 
Bnropean Jews, one generation ago, the problem of 
etganiting the Jewish community in New York City 
hmm^m^ morc acute from year to year. But the formative 
farces making for such an organization were eontinu- 
aOy gaining strength, and it required only some external 
impetOB to bring these forces into play and to precipitate 
the formation of a Eehillah or Jewish Community in this 
city. This external impetus was supplied by the Bingham 
ineidenty in the fall of the year 1908. General Bingham, 
who was then the Police Gonunissioner of New York, 
made a statement that the Jews contributed 50% of the 
criminals of New York City. This statement was after- 
wards retracted as the result of many meetings held by 
Jewish organizations, which protested vehemently against 
this unfounded accusation. While probably undue im- 
portance was attached to this incident at the time, it is 
certain that it sufficed to arouse community conscious- 
nesB to a degree where the organization of the Kehillah 
became feasible. 

2* Organization and Prognramme 

The preliminary steps leading to the organization of 
the Eehillah were taken during the fall and winter of 
1908-1909. The conference held at Clinton Hall on 
October 11 and 12, 1908, decided that an attempt be 
made to form a central organization of the Jews of New 
Toric Ci^. The breaking of the trail was entrusted to a 



COMUUNAL 

I The first year of the Kehillah was crowded with n 
Kperienccs, "Each day has brought us new proofa'4 
! need of a Eehillah," declared the Chairman of t 
Executive Committee, in his report to the first annn 
pnvention. The magnitude of the internal problem 
. revealed itself. New problems were cropping i 
bntinually, clamoring for immediate attention. 
J Meanwhile, the Vaad Horabbonim or the Board 
Authoritative Rabbis was established for the regulation 

f Kashruth, of Marriage and Divorce, Circumcision am 
Jtitual Bath. The Board was also to cope with the pnfl 
f m of Sabbath Observance and to establish a Beth 19 

r Court of Arbitration, 1 

I The problems of education and of social and phitn 
hropie work received particular attention. A report a 
lie educational situation, embodying the findings of' 



THE wwmiJ,ATt (JBWI8H OOMMUMITl) 

3. The KehUlah at Work 



51 



The founders of the Eehillah showed foresight, when 
tt^ defined its main task to be the formulation of our 
communal problems and the coordination of the existing 
ommunal instruments in order to call into being a con- 
leknis, organized and united community. The Kehillah 
lould surely have followed this clear-sighted policy, were 
it not for the fact that many of the vital needs of the 
Qflminnity had been entirely neglected. A careful sur- 
vey of the field disclosed the imminent necessity of creat- 
% several new communal agencies, simultaneously with 
the coordination of those already existing. The Kehillah 
then set to work with unparalleled determination and 
perseverance, and the next seven years saw the birth of 
several of the most important communal instruments. 

In 1910, the Bureau of Education was organized, for 
the purpose of standardizing the methods of Jewish edu- 
eation. This Bureau was also to find ways and means oi' 
providing Jewish training for all the Jewish children of 
school age in this city. In the seven years of its existence, 
this Bureau has grown to astonishing proportions, and 
its activities, as an educational factor, have long since 
extended beyond the city limits. The work is conducteil 
through nine departments, a description of which will be 
found elsewhere in this volume. 

The work of surveying and charting the communal 
assets of New York Jewry was undertaken in 1911 and 
the results published in the Jewish Communal Directory, 
the first attempt of its kind in this city. 

The Employment Bureau for the Handicapped began 



COMUONAIi 

Imunity of New York City, and the Jewish problem 
I of its phases; second, to engage upon as m&ny 
iriments as possible through first-hand experience of 
JvariouB phases of the problem; and, third, to point 
Ithe paths along which the community might developL 
vder to become in fact a conscious, organized, united 

munity. ' ' 

Lt aside from the creation of this communal macbui' 
laud the work of specialization that this entailed, the 
Kllah has rendered a far greater service to the Jews 
lis city, by emphasizing the fact of the existence ofr 
liommunity. Its sheer existence had been a constant 
ftration of this fact. Its activities have shown the 
I leading to the ultimate development of an organized'^ 

munity. ^ 

work of coordinating the existing communal 



THE KRHlfJiAH (JEWISH COKKUNITT) 55 

mnnity has materially changed during these yean, and 
all Jewish work is now carried on on a much higher 
plane than it was carried on prior to 1910.' The Federa- 
tion for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies, 
a project insistently advocated by the Eehillah, may 
fairly be pointed out as an example of the awakening 
communal consciousness. ^ 

However, one phase of the Eehillah's work receded 
into the background, owing to the all-absorbing activity 
of communal experimentation ; namely, the expansion of 
the Eehillah organization from the point of view of 
numbers. The great mass of New York Jewry, while 
tacitly approving the work of the Kehillah, has not 
displayed an active interest in the formation of its policy 
and of its programme. This indifference on the part of 
the Jewish mass may be traced to a somewhat defective 
system of representation which considered the Jewish 
society as the only unit from which representation was 
allowed to the annual convention. The distribution of 
the Jewish population in Greater New York, creating 
densely populated Jewish districts at points widely re- 
mote from each other, was another contributing factor. 
As a central organization, the Kehillah was too far re- 
moved from the simpler elements of our population, who 
are impressed only by a concrete, visible fact. Many of 
them had only heard of the existence of the Kehillah and 
most likely considered it as "one of many good organiza- 
tions." 

At the last annual convention, this phase of the prob- 
lem was carefully gone into and the thorough-going 
democratization of the Kehillah decided upon. To afford 



COMMUNAL REQIBTEII 



J moral and economic coadltlona. and to cooperate with 
■ varlouB charitable, philanthropic, educational and r»- 
¥ua organizations and bodies of eatd city for the promo- 
I of their common welfare. 

The buBinesB and afTaira of aald corporation shall 
fcnducted b; a board of twenty-five members to be known 
lie executive committee, and the persons named In the 
I section of this act as incorporators shall constitute the 
I executive committee of said corporation. At the first 
■Ing of said executive committee held after the passage 
B act, the members thereof shall be divided into three 
s, the first of which shall hold office until the Instalta-. i 
t their successors, who shall be elected at a conventfoa 
J by the members of aald corporation as herein provided, ' 
I such succesEora ehall hold office tor a period of three. ii 
a date of their inatallatlon; the second class shall'] 
I office for two years after the holding of said coQven- . 
I and the third for one year thereafter, or until their .' 
fectlve successors shall be elected. At the expiration of 
■term of any member of the executive committee blB 
Jssor shall be elected for a term ot three years. All 
■nciea which may occur In said committee shall be filled 
~ the ensuing election by said committee. An annual 
I for members ot said committee shall take plac 



I 



59 

III 

CX>N8irniTION 
OF TBB 

NEW YORK JEWISH COMMUNITY 



(Adopted February t8, 1909) 



I. Name 

The name of this organization shall be the Jewi^ Community 
of New York City. 

n. PUKFOSE 

The purpose of the Jewish Community of New York City shall 
be to further the cause of Judaism in New York City, and to 
represent the Jews of this city with respect to all local matters of 
Jewish interest. 

This organization shall not engage in any propaganda of a 
partisan political nature, or interfere with the autonomy of a 
constituent organization. 

in. Membership 

The Jewish Community of New York City shall be constituted 
in the following manner from among the Jewish organizations and 
societies of New York City. 

1. Every incorporated Synagogue with not less than 50 or 
more than 250 contributing members or seat-holders — one delegate. 
For every additional 250 contributing members or seat-holders or 
fnetion thereof — one delegate. 

Ineorporated Synagogues with less than 50 contributing 
Bwoibers or seat-holders may unite for purposes of election on the 
ibore basis. 

2. Every incorporated local Federation of Jewish Societies — 
one delegate for every ten constituent societies. 

3. Every incorporated Jewish Society, or chartered Lodge, 
in sympathy with the objects of the Community, with not less than 
100 memben, and not afBliated with any looal f ederation; under 



COUUnNAL 

upon the conatituent societies in proportion to their repieaantatii 
andi additional Hueasmcut in no year to exceed five dollars (I 
pei delegate' 

Vn. Special Meetings 

Special meetings shall be hold upon written request of o 
fourth of the delegates of the Community, or may be called by 1 
EiecutivB Committee of its own motion. 

vm. QuoRDMa 

One-fourth of the total number of delegates ahHll a 
■tituto a quorum for the transaction of buHineas at a meeting 
the Community. 

Eleven members of the Executive Committee shall & 
etitute a quorum for the transaction of business at a meetLog 
the Executive Committee. 

IX. Ameinduents 
Thia Constitution may be amended by the vote of two-thii 
of the delegates at any meeting, provided that three months' pre 
e of any proposed amendment be submitted to the ci 




IV 



OUnJNE OF PLAN OF ingm¥,¥.Aii 
REPRBSBlfTATIOlf 

^posed and adopted at the Special Gonyention of the 
Eehillah, held January 13, 1918) 



Mgrmphic 
m of 
tpf^ntati' 



The Citj of New York shall be divided into 
18 Kehillah DistricU which shall eomprise a 
total of 100 Kehillah Neighborhoods appor- 
tioned to each in accordance with (the num- 
ber of) its Jewish population. 
Three (3) of these 18 Kehillah Districts 
shall be designated as Suburban Kehillah 
Districts, the Borough of Richmond consti- 
tuting one Suburban District, and the Bor- 
ough of Queens being divided into two (2) 
Suburban Districts. 

The Districts shall be designated hy names 
and the Neighborhoods hy numbers. For 
example: 
North Bronx Kehillah District, Neighbor- 
hood 5. Yorkville Kehillah District, 
Neighborhood 31. 

The Delegates to the Kehillah Convention 
shaH be elected by the following constituen- 
cies: 

1. Kehillah members in good standing. 

2. Synagogues, Organizations and Institu- 
tions affiliated with the Kehillah. 

3. Existing Central Organizations, such as 
Federations, Orders, etc., of Greater New 
York, whose constituent societies are af- 
filiated with the KehiUah. 



COMHONAIj REOISTBR 



iNumbar of 
I Delegate* in 
Itha Kahillah 



lAllotmeitt of 
iDalesatea 



Tho tutul number of ileicgatus tu tlic- KehilJ 
lah CoDvcution aball lie 550. 
The mazimum numlwr of de1et;ntea baieil 
upon llio full rcprcsenUtion af ull the 100 
Kehillah Nciehborhoods from the 18 Kehib 
lah DiBtricLs, ahcUI be 500. (Each KehiUkk 
District is ontitled to live timi^s as maoj 
delegates as there are Kphillah Neighbor- 
hoodB in the Bistrict). AH the central 
organ-izationa, such hb Fcdi^rntioiis, Ordei^ 
etc, Bhail be entitled to a maximum uombet 
of 50 delegatee, allotted equally. 

The delegalt's to l>r eltxtci 

District shall be divided a 

1. Two-fiftha of tho lielegtttCB to b* ' 
known aa MemherBhip Delogalea ahall 
be elected by (ho members of the 
Kehillah, rpsiding in the KchUlah 
Neighborliooiis. iwu delceatca for each 



^ 



JBWI8H POPULATION OF NEW YOBK CITY 81 

Estimate of Jewish Population 

ith this figure in mind, we can prooeed to our esti- 
i of the total Jewish population. The proportion of 
Iren between the ages of 5 and 14 to the total popu- 
•n is approximately 18%.^ But it is difficult to esti- 
3 whether the proportion of children to adults among 
5 is lower or higher than it is in the general popula- 
. On the one hand, the probability is that there are 
e children of school age in the average Jewish family 
1 in the average non-Jewish family.^ This would 
:e the proportion of children among Jews slightly 
ler than it is among non-Jews. On the other hand, 
fact that New York Jews are so largely composed of 
^ign-born immigrants, would tend to make the pro- 
tion of children lower than in the general population." 
shall therefore not be far wrong in assuming that 
proportion of children among Jews is also about 18%. 
on the basis of the 275,000 children of elementary 

' In the United States Census of IDIO, Population, Vol. Ill, p. 220, out 
I total population for New York City of 4,7G(J,8a3, the number of 
dren from to 14 is given as 800,004, or 18.0%. This would make the 
o. 1 :5.55. 

* From a study of orer 4,000 families selected at random from the 
sus cards of the Bureau of Attendance of the Board of Education, it 
I found th^t the average Jewish family has 2.5 children at school, 
rreas the average non-Jewish family has 2.85 children at school. This 
lid make a difference of .15 children per family, or 15 children per 100 
lilies. Assuming 5 to 6 individuals per family, this would mean a 
ercnce of from 2.5% to 3% in the proportion of children. 

» la the United States Census of IIUO, Population, Vol. III. p. 220, the 
portion of children between 5 and 14 years in the native population is 
(l%. whereas among the foreign-born whites it is as low as 7.0%. But 
the Jewish immigration is largely a "family immigration," the propor- 
a of children amog them is probabW twice as great as among other 
Bcigranta. Thus. Samuel Joseph in "Jewish Immigration to the united 
ites." p. 180, shows that whereas the age group "under 14" (which 
blades also children below 5) is 12.3% for all European immigrants, it 
sboat twice as large, 24.8%. among the Jews. If, therefore, we estimate 
e proportion of school children (5—14) among immigrant Tews to be 
o«t 14%, it would still be 4% lower than in the entire population. 



OOUMUNAL 



I school age, this would give New York a Jewish popa 
I tion of 1,527,778, or approximately 1,500,000. 

No doubt this figure will cause astonishmeot to mai 
I On^ million and a half Jews is an extraordinary co 
I munity. The nest largest Jewish community in t 
I world, that of the city of Warsaw, is estimated to ha 
I been between 300,000 and 330,000 Jews, about one-fii 
I as many as we estimate for New York. All of the cou 
I tries of Western Europe, together with the countries 
I South America, Canada and Palestioe combined, do e 
I have as many Jews as live in this city. (See map front 
I piece.) If we accept the estimate of the number of Je 
I in the world as about 14,000,000, one Jew out of eve 
I ten resides in New York. 

DiBtriljiition of Jewish Population 

How is this large population distributed* It is w 



JKWBfi POFtTLAtfOK OF KCW YORK CITY 88 

But for the purposes of commuTial organization, these 
mdts are too large. Smaller working units are needed. 
The dty was therefore divided into fifteen districts, each 
approximately 100,000 Jews; and each district 
farther subdivided into neighborhoods of approxi- 
vately 15,000 Jews.^ The following table, together with 
the accompanying map show these divisions and their 
«timated population :* 



Krtrict I: North Bronx District*. : . .103,000 population 

Boundaries: All of Bronx north of the line running 
along West 168th, East 167th and Home Streets to the 
Bronx Biver. 

Neighborhood 1—10,000 Neighborhood 5—17,000 

2—10,000 '' 6—18,000 

3—18,000 '' 7—15,000 

4—15,000 

District II: South Bronx District. . .108,000 population 

Boundaries: All of Bronx south of the line running; 
along West 168th, East 167th and Home Streets to th<' 
Bronx Biver. 

Neighborhood 8—18,000 Neighborhood 12— 13,000 

9—17,000 " 13—15,000 

10—14,000 «« 14r— 16,000 

*' 11—15,000 



*lcflidet the fifteen districts in Msnhattsn, Bronx snd Brooklyn, 
arcs tidmrban" districts were msde of Queens and Richmond. 

*^ method pursued in computation consisted in taking the attend- 
**^ sfues for each individualpublic school, and combining the area, so 
U to make groups of some 2 JOO children, or approximately 10,000 Jews. 



map. 



'For boundaries of Districts and Neighborhoods, sre accompanying 
?. ttctnj page 75. 









16—14,000 
17—15,000 
18—10,000 

District IV: East Harlem District 99,0i 

Boundaries: East 101st Street, Fift 
Morris Park, East 122nd Street and East 

Neighborhood 22—13,000 Neighborhood 



23—13,000 
24—13,000 

ii 



ti OA to AAA i ( 



25—15,000 
District V : Yorkville District 76,0C 

Boundaries: East 59th Street, Fifth Ave 
Street and East Biver. 

Neighborhood 29—14,000 Neighborhood i 

30—14,000 ** ; 

31—13,000 

District VI: Central Manhattan Dist. .57,00 

Boundaries: West 86th Street, Central V 
Street, East Biver, East 10th Street, Avon 
Street, Broadwav. Ea«t l4tVi »f^«+ -«- 



JBWI8H POPULATION OF NSW TORE CITY 85 

S'eighborhood 38—17,000 Neighborhood 41—16,000 

^' 39—16,000 " 42—18,000 

40—16,000 '* 43—18,000 

strict VIII : Delancey District 134,000 population 

Boundaries: Bowery, Grand Street, Orcliard Street, 
Delancey Street, Norfolk Street, Grand Street, Cannon 
Street, Delancey Street, East River, East Houston Street. 
Orchard Street, Stanton Street. 

Neighborhood 44—18,000 Neighborhood 48—14,000 



45—17,000 '* 49—17,000 

46—17,000 •* 50—17,000 

47_17,000 - 51—17,000 



)istrict IX: E. Broadway District. .132,000 population 

Boundaries: Manhattan south of line luimiiig ulon^ 
West Houston Street, Bowery, Grand Street, Orehar<J 
Street, Delancey Street, Norfolk Street, Grand Stret^t, 
Cannon Street, Delancey Street, to East River. 

Neighborhood 52—17,000 Neighborhood 56—17,000 

53—18,000 *' 57—15,000 

54—16,000 ** 58—18,000 

55—16,000 *' 59—15,000 



( t 



* i 



l>i«trict X : Williamsburg District . . . 107,000 population 

Boundaries: Grand St., Driggs Ave., Broadway, Flush 
ing Ave., Eastern Borough Lino and Eat^t River. 

Neighborhood 65—17,000 Neighborhood 69—16,000 

66—14,000 *' 70—17,000 

67—11,000 *' 71—18,000 
68—14,000 

^>»trict XI : Bushwiek District 96,000 population 

Boundaries: Flushing Ave., Eastern Borough Line, 

Evergreen Gemeter>', Eastern Parkway, Albany Ave., 

Sumner Ave., Lexington Ave., Tompkins Ave., Pulaski 
St., and Broadway. 



Boundaries : Grand St., Driggs Ave., Broadwaj 
St., Tompkins Ave., Lexington Ave, Sumi 
Albany Ave., Eastern Parkway, Carroll St., 
Gowanus Canal and Upper Bay. 

ighborhood 60—14,000 Neighborhood 64r- 



(< £*1 ic f\ru\ n 

It 



61—15,000 '* 74r- 

63—13,000 '* 75— 



ict XIII: Brownsville District. .102,000 po 

Boundaries: Eastern Parkway, Atlantic Ave., 
deren Ave., Lott Ave., Church Ave., and Alba 

lighborhood 85—18,000 Neighborhood 88— 
86—17,000 '' 89— 

87—18,000 '' 90- 

riet XIV: Bast New York Dist. .108,000 p( 

Boundaries: Evergreen Cemetery, Eastern 
Line, Jamaica Bay, Paerdcgat Creek, Paerd 
Albajiy Ave., Church Ave., Lott Ave., Van Sini 
Atlantic Ave., and Eastern Parkway Extensu 

dghborhood 80—15,000 Neighborhood 84r- 



JSWIBH POPULATION OP NSW TOBK OITT 87 

Neighborhood 62—13,000 Neighborhood 95— 7,000 

9a— 7,000 " 96—15,000 

94—10,000 " 97—14,000 

Dirtriet XVI : West Queens District. .10,000 population 

Boundaries: Flushing Bay, Flushing Creek to Tlst St., 
straifht line to Centml Ave., to Long Island Railroad, 
Myrtle Ave. and Western Borough Line. 

Neighborhood 98—10,000 
District XVU : East Queens District. .13,000 population 

Boundaries: All of Queens not included in District XVI 
(West Queens Kehillah District). 

Neighborhood 99—13,000 



District XVIII : Richmond District 5,000 population 

Boundaries: The entire Borough of Ri<'hmoncl. 

Neighborhood 100-5,000 

While it is not claimed that this distribution of the 
Jewish population is accurate in the sense that a census 
enumeration would be, the divisions here suggested 
dioold be useful for practical work. No doubt in par- 
ticular localities, especially in sections which have been 
wcently built up, our estimate may need correction. But 
in moBt of the neighborhoods, the figures are as near the 
truth as we can have them at present. 

The most striking fact presented by our map is the 
▼ttistion in the size of the neighborhoods. Some of the 
Q^hborhoods include only a few blocks, whereas others 



e. (See map facing page bi.) mere are l 
oods in which the density of the Jews is ove 
square mile, (that is, over 2,150 to the usu 
block) ;^ nineteen neighborhoods in which th 
rer 200,000 to the square mile (1,430 to t! 
k) ; and thirty-six in which the density is < 
to the square mile (715 to the square bio 
*age density of the general population for I 
% (Jewish and non-Jewish) in 1915 was abc 
le square mile, or 107 to the square block, il 
third of the Jews (38%), that is about 570, 
on one per cent (lJi%) of the area of New 
of New York were populated as densely 
ish population in the congested districts, I 
Id have almost as many inhabitants as 1 
ted States, or about ninety-five millions. 
3 been expected, the congested neighbor] 
ated on the East Side, in East Harlem, ii 
Bronx, in Williamsburg, Brownsvillei and 



JSWIBH POPUIiATION Of NBW TOBK CITT 



89 



I ESTIMATES OF JEWISH POPULATION 

(1790-1917) 



TUB 

1790 

1812 



i^im 



1846 



1848 



1880 



1888 



1891 



KEW TOBK AUTHOBITT 

385 * United States Census Bureau. 



400 



950 



10,000 



Rev. Gershom Mendes, quoted in 
History of Jews, 1812 ; Hannah 
Adams. 



8. Gilman, article in North Ameri- 
ean Beview. 



Rev. Isaac Leeser. 



12,000 to 13,000 M. A. Berk: History of ihs Jews 

up to the Present Time. 



60,000 



125,000 



225,250 



Jaa.1892 East of Bowery 
and South of 14th 
St., 135,000; scat- 
tered through the 
dty, 40,000 more. 

FW).1897 250,000 

April 9, 
•F«rNew York Sute. 



Census of Board of Delegates of 
American Israelites, and Union 
of Hebrew Congregations; Will- 
iam B. Hackenber;^ of Philadel 
phia in charge. 

Isaac Markens: Th^ Hebrews in 
America. 

Charles Frank, Secretary, United 
Hebrew Charities. 

Richard Wheatley: Article on 
"Jews in New York," Century 
Magazine. 



Richard Wheatley in Harper *8 
Magazine. 



of Anier. 

1905 672,000 Joseph Jaco: 

1907 600,000 Henrietta Sa 

Year Bools 

1910 861,98() •• United State 

1911 900,000 Joseph Jacol 

Directory, 

1912 975,000 Joseph Jacol 

Year Book, 

1912 1,550,000 Walter Laidl: 

Rtion of Cti 

July 1913 1,330,000 American Jo 

July, 1913 : 
. City," Pro 
% 1 Cornell. 

Mi 

t 

1917 1,500,000 Estimate of 

study of Je 
lie schools. 



91 



HOW THE JEWISH COMMUNAL 

WAS COMPILED 



By Meib Isaacs 
Bureau of JeuHsh Education 

The need of Jewish statistics as the first essential to 
community planning and organization, was advocated by 
the Kehillah from the very first day of its existence. It 
may appear strange that anything so self-evident in all 
modem undertakings of a social or political character 
should have required a special brief in its favor when 
applied to Jewish communal affairs. Nevertheless, this 
was the case in 1909 when the Kehillah was first organ- 
ized. 

Of course, statistics about a number of things Jewish 
were extant even then. But then these facts and figures 
were, in almost all cases, compiled with an eye to some 
particular phase of Jewish endeavor. They were to serve 
a special purpose. The larger aspect, the broad com- 
nnmal point of view, was almost always missing. When 
the Kehillah set out to work, the need of such a com- 
munal inventory became imminent, and the Kehillah 
has been striving ever since to supply this deficiency. 

It must be admitted that, in spite of all honest effort, 
no high degree of excellence could at any time be attained 
in this particular branch of Kehillah work. But then 
one most bear in mind that there are several nearly in- 
'iinmrnntable obttaeles in the path of the communal 



■ w V y^KfMJA I 



ipciit^u 10 do sc 
partly overcome by the highly skilled 
knows how to plead his cause and elicit 
from his unwilling subject. But this di 
hardly be found for specifically Jewish ^ 

When the publication of this volume w 
the previous experiences of the Kehillah 
served us in good stead. We were awar< 
ties, -and a great deal of careful planni 
obviate them. Our aim was to give the Je 
large, comprehensive outline of their 
based on facts. We wanted to present 
clearest possible manner, the assets and t 
the community, hoping that a thorough 
these will ultimately lead to an awakenic 
consciousness, to a well-ordered, well-or, 
community. 

The enumerating of Jewish organizai 
important asset of this community, wna 



JXWISH 0B8A1II2A.TION8 IN NEW YORK CTTT 93 

at least something to start with. The next step con- 
sisted in copying these names on cards, arranging them 
in a definite order and proceeding to verify them. 
Simnltaneonsly with the process of verification of those 
listed, we were also able to discover new organizations ; 
that is, organizations that did not appear in any of the 
M lists. 

For this purpose, Greater New York was divided into 
aie hundred districts. A copy of our lists was made and 
smnged in geographic order ; and then about fifty can- 
▼MBcrs were sent out tr verify the listed organizations, 
as well as to locate the new ones. In passing, it may be 
said that onr staff of investigators consisted mainly of 
joung Jewish students. They were picked with an eye 
to good appearance, personality and a fair knowledge of 
things Jewish. We felt that mercenary motives alone 
would not bring the results desired and we tried to re- 
emit men who in one way or another havo (lis]^layc(l 
an interest in Jewish work. 

The canvassers were instructed to go through every 
street of Manhattan, Bronx and Brooklyn as well as 
through the Jewish sections of Queens and Richmond, 
and to look for signs of Jewish organizations. They were 
to read carefully all Yiddish and Hebrew signs and ask 
proprietors of halls and meeting places for lists of the 
aodeties meeting in their halls. As a precaution against 
any poesible oversight they were aLso to inquire of Jew- 
Mk butchers and grocers whether they knew of any Jew- 
ish synagogues, schools or other organizations in the 
ittil^borhood. At the same time the investigator would 
died up and verify the correctness of the names and 



XIIUUL. 

Needless to say, personal canv 
than getting information by mail 
far better results. But even this 
cases successful. Quite a numbi 
succeeded^ in .withholding the infi 
history of this huge canvass is ful 
of great interest to the commun 
typical case. A congregation in ' 
ten to for information. No answer, 
with the same result. A canvasser 
He finds the beadle and states his c 
is non-committal. An inquiry foi 
the president elicits the doubtful 
the beadle, does not know it. The 
to the oflBce with the brief narrati 
gator is sent. He uses strategy, s 
ternizing with the disgruntled old 
an extra fine brand of tobacco a 



JKWISB OBOANIZATIONS IN NEW YORK CIT7 97 

matioii would entail an expenditure on their part. Others 

balked because they could not see why anyone should be 

interested to find out anything about them. Some people, 

to appease their conscience, simply sent back the stami>ed 

envelope^ empty, not even honoring us with a written 

rdauL 

^ And while we were tugging hard and fast to complete 
omr work within the time-limit set for it, the High Holi- 
days approached and we were confronted with a new 
task-Hi survey of the provisional synagogues. The main 
diiBcnlty in this piece of work was the fact that it 
brooked no delay. The provisional S3niagogues spring up 
a few days before the New Year only to disappear at 
eventide of the Day of Atonement. To locate them and 
obtain all data, you must do it at top speed. This necessi- 
tated the mobilization of all our resources. Every avail- 
able man was employed. The city was gone over again. 
Sew questionnaires, new instructions, a new checking 
system and new piles of cards and papers. Finally, the 
fint tangible result of the Register — a table of figures 
showing Jewish religious life at its high water-mark. 

This special canvass over, the work was begun anew 
and after several more weeks of hard pulling, the canvass 
Wtt over. The preparation of manuscript, the tabulation 
of figures, the preparation of graphs, maps, illustrations, 
was another huge piece of work. Qreat pain was taken 
with the reading of proofs and in order to insure the 
bluest degree of correctness, the printed proof was 
Duuled to the organizations for further verification. 

Now that this essential piece of conmiunal work has 
taken shape and is at the point of being submitted to the 



^-^^*.*«i,iuii ttione was a valuable factor 
ing the idea of an organized Jewish comn 
sands of persons were, for the first time, a 
necessity of a Eehillah, through the oral 
propaganda made incidentally while obtaii 
tion for the Register. That this informat: 
and interpreted; will accomplish much mo: 
rection, is the fond hope of the men who ha 
this task. 



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Oy JBWI8H CmGANIZATIONS PKR 10,000 JSWS 
T BM YA MOOT IXI0IIIICTS OF THB KBHIIiLAH 
( JMWI8H OOBIMUlflTr) OF NBW TORS 



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AHOVNT 8PBNT BY THE JEWISH OOBOCUMTY OF 

NBW YORK AKNUAIiLT UPON THE VARIOUS 

FUXCnONS OF COMMUNAL UFE 

Coorcfin^iing^ and Research Institutions 




Refig to us Educa tion. 




uitur^/ and Recreational Act m ties 



^3,600,000 



and Economic Activities 



^^,000,000 



Silent hropic and Correctional Institutions 



/^ 



'\\ 



'e,oao, 000 



^e/i^ioys Aff^/rs ancf Insiiiuiions 



<■ ••« L.^ )«• Ji^' 



Religious Agencies 



Ill 

nrTRODUOTOBY REMARKS ON 
RELIGIOUS AGENCIES 

By J. L. Magnes 
Chiirman, Executive Committee of the Kehillah 

It will be clear from a mere glance at the table of 
iooteots of this Department that the Religious Affairs 
f the Jewish Community of New York City are varied, 
ietnresque and complex. They are varied because we 
»ve Jews of differing religious views and practices — the 
rthodox, the Conservative and the Reformed. They are 
eturesque because we have Jews from all parts of the 
dd who have tried to peate here replicas of the re- 
ious conditions of the old homes. They are complex 
^nse, in addition to the difficulties besetting all re- 
ious activities in modern times, the Jews of New York 
re permitted the problem of their Religious Affairs to 
)w wild. They have not even gathered adequate data 
leeming their religious life and institutions, much less 
imilated or carried into effect a solution of the prob- 
1 of their Religious Affairs. 

Prom the point of view of communal organization our 
ligious Affairs have three main elements : The Syna- 
nies, the Religious Functionaries and the Ritual Insti- 
ions. 

I 

The problem of the Synagogue is not so much an 
Domic question or one of organization, as it is spirit- 
. It is, in common with the religious problem of all 
^ples, essentially one of doctrine, and of the revival 



J xLi cooperation among 

of material assistance in the solution of 
problem. 

The S3aiagogues may be classified 
groups. They are incorporated, and ui 
with and without their own buildings, witl 
cemeteries, with and without schools or libi 
activities, with and without preachers. T 
be grouped in accordance with the social s; 
members (some are conducted and mainta 
by workmen), or in accordance with Lane 
ten, or in accordance with the texts of their 
their religious observances (Chassidim, A 
Sephardic, Ashkenazic, Conservative, Refori 
are many lodges and organizations establish 
tual benefit and other purposes which have a 
and where the members and neighbors di 
there are the provisional synagogues wk 

grouped into those conducted for the benefit 

rganizations and those conducted for the 

ividuals. 
The firoal tn K« *•-'* -i- ^ • 



BILIQI0U8 AFPAIB8 113 

i representatiyes to a Joint Gouncil whose function 
raid be to coordinate the activities of all the Federa- 
\ in meeting the many problems which all have in 
non. 

II 



he Religions Functionaries of the community are 
»lled superficially and indiscriminately by the title 
tabbi, or Beverend, or Beterend Doctor. As a matter 
!iet their functions are qmte varied. The fact that 
!e are ih New York at least four Rabbinical Associa- 
• and a number of other associations whose mem- 
\ are known as Rabbis, indicates not alone that the 
iber of functionaries is large (one thousand would 
a fair estimate), but also that they are grouped 
irding to their various schools of thought and ac- 
ling to the ritual functions they perform. 

. commonly accepted definition of who is a Rabbi or 
av has not yet been achieved. As a consequence the 
le conception of Rabbinic authority is subject to 
fusion, and the Rabbinical status is very often 
ight into question to the detriment of the commu- 
'• orderly development. 

mong the Reformed Jews, men having a diploma 
1 a Theological College are accepted as Rabbis with- 
qnestion; and anyone without a diploma, but call- 
himself Rabbi or Reverend Doctor, and having a 
gT^^ation, is also taken at his word among the Re- 
led Jews. 

at not only are the certificated and uncertificated 
mned Rabbis denied the title Rabbi among the Orth- 



ceive careful study. T 
community has lead to i 
estate ventures of no sa 
nity. Furthermore the c 
often made the scenes ( 
prestige of the whole coi 

e) Circumcision — ^Real prog 
der the auspices of the M 

f) Ritual Baths— These ins 
deavoring to comply wi 
Health regulations as to s. 

g) Sabbath Observance — Thi 
partment of Industry as 
Religious Affairs. It has 
cujoe legislation permitti 
Saturday as a Sabbath, to 
day. 

It is essential that these Bitu 
otherd be brought under the conl 
Synagogues and the Boards of B 

The problem of Beligious Affai 
whole Jewish problem of New Y 
tainly be solved. It requires, fin 
as to the facts ; and second, a om 



117 



yPFILIATION WITH THE SYNAGOGUE 

By M. M. Kaplan 

ProfesMor of HamUetics at ike Jewish Theological 

Seminary of America 

Next to the Bible, the synagogne is the Jew's foremost 
eoiitribation to the spiritual life of mankind. It has revo- 
tatiaiuaEed the mode of worship and of religious instmc- 
tioii; it has enabled prayer to take the place of animal 
neriliee, democratic spiritual leadership to supersede 
priestly castes, and articulate spiritual teaching to pre- 
^t ceremonial from becoming mere mummery. The 
lynagogue, as a place of common worship and edification, 
teems to have acquired the character of an established 
itttitation during the 6th century B. C. £., among the 
Jews who were exiled to Babylon. After the Return its 
inportanee continued to grow. By the time the second 
Commonwealth fell, the synagogue had grown so strong, 
ttid 80 many of the Jewish spiritual forces had been 
Bobiliied therein, that it presented a second wall of de- 
knse against which all of Israel's enemies have since 
raried themselves in vain. There were times, indeed, 
vfaen, as in the days of the Crusades, the synagogue 
iterally offered refuge to the Jews who fled to it for 
hdter from bloodthirsty mobs. But, at all times it 
enred as a bulwark to hold off the hand of the marauder 
ram Israel's sacred heritage. 

The function of the synagogue was not limited to that 
f defense. Like the medieval castles, which outwardly, 



vr*«vaa K^tAW V« «Ai»J I*AO\/ XVA 



me for the development of his strivings an« 
IS a house of prayer, a **beth tephillah,*' 
idy, a '^beth ha'midrash/' and a meeting h 
tnmunal undertakings were formulated, anc 
ins for the communal good were discussed ai 
le synagogue rendered possible the coltiva 
iritual life in the Diaspora, and thus gave ] 
ith that wherever the Jewish people went 
tnpanied by the ''Shekhina," or Divine Pr 
Establishing a synagogue, or being affiliate 
ks not considered a matter of option. It was i 
inciple that wherever there were ten Jews, 
duty bound to form tliemselvcs into a coi 
d to carry on all the customary Jewish ooo 
ities. While the Jew is in.a position to disc 
his religious duties by himself, it was re 
lachment from communal life could not but 
d to complete severance from the faith, 
agnation of ''evil neighbor" for one who, 1 
; near a synagogue, kept aloof from it. Th^ 
ncinle. it wa-s. whi^h pnfnrpp/^l Kv flia o 



BHjIQIOUB afwajbb 119 

bated to the undermining of that sentiment, but 
of all is the dwindling of Sabbath observance, 
away from attendance at the synagogue on the 
ional day of rest and common worship, the Jew 
little motive for being identified with the Gfjna- 
I, and, when he finds himself out of touch with 
fogue life it cannot be long before he becomes en- 
cold to Jewish traditions and ideals. Hence, among 
rincipal measures for the upbuilding of the syua- 
i must be the restoration of the Sabbath, a measure 
i cannot be brought about except by the united 
s of all elements in the Jewish Community, 
a rule there is a transition stage between complete 
ification with the synagogue and complete severance 
it. The force of age-long habit prevents the break 
being sudden, and so there has sprung up what is 
n as the provisional synagogue. In most cases the 
sional synagogue is an improvised place of worship 
lommodate the large number of Jews, who, no longer 
icted with the regular synagogue, still want to wor- 
in common with the rest of the Jews on the two 
important holidays of the year — Yom Kippur and 
Ha'shannah. These temporary synagogues are pri- 
mdertakings entered into by a few persons for busi- 
*nds. At least 100,000 Jewish men and women — 
s, about one-fourth of the total synagogue attend- 
of Greater New York — are exploited in this way. 
a wonderful opportunity is this for organized 
h effort! The dormant Jewish will-to-live of these 
inds ought not to be permitted to be made into a 



The pulse of the patient who undergoes a 
ination flutters somewhat when the physi 
stethoscope to the region of the heart. B 
the life-giving organ of his body might be 
The synagogue, according to our sages, 
Israel. It has, throughout the centurie 
Jewish people with its life-force. In app 
fore, the survey of the synagogues of the 
of the world, we naturally apprehend 1< 
be sueh as to darken the prospects of a J 
America. Yet it is better that we know 
apply sueh immediate and drastic mea 
change despair into hope. 

What are some of the truths that stanc 
cantt The first and foremost is the fact 
gogue has lost hold on more than one-haL 
Jewish Community in the world. 
Jewish population of this city is abo 
half millions, which is a very conservati 
taking into consideration the 30%, who 
child population up to the age of fourteei 



USilOIOnB AFPAIB8 



121 



Biases. If we add to that the 30,000 to 35,000 seats 
iound in the 120 small synagogues not yet investi- 
that out of 900,000 Jews only about 415,000 
^rsagogne Jews. 

; we ohperve the remarkable unevenness in the 
of the population affiliated with the S3niagogue, 
judged l^ districts. Whereas in the Delancey dis- 
41% are synagc^^e Jews, in Bushwick and in Bieh- 
only 7%, in West Queens only 2% worship in 
It is evident that the density of population, 
conditions, and length of stay in this country 
1m so rapid an effect upon synagogue affiliation that 
neunot but infer that the synagogue owes its existence 
Me to the momentum of the past, than to any new 
kees created in this country that make for its conserva- 
tim and development. 

Furthermore, it is significant that out of a seating 
cqiaeity of 217,725 there are only 39,260 seats in syna- 
IVMs where English sermons are preached, where, in 
iAer words, some regard is had for the needs of the 
Hug generation, to whom English is the only medium 
4 interpreting the teachings of Judaism. Of these there 
tt« 11,737 seats in synagogues where the Orthodox ritual 
imied; 16,374 where the conservative, and 14,053 where 
theBeform ritual is used. This means that less than one- 
ttUi of the permanent synagogues have reckoned with 
the environment and have to some extent, at least, taken 
root in American life. 

One to whom the future of the Jews and of Judaism is 
in object of concern cannot but view with alarm the con- 
of the synagogue, as indicated by the cold figures 



^ ^j. ttiiy single organizi 
sible material aud moral resources of 
community must be concentrated upon 
the synagogue from impending ruin. ' 
allow theological differences to paralys 
munal effort. Ways can be found whei 
preferences of various groups can be m« 
same time imperiling the mu<ih needed c 
elements in New York Jewry to rehab: 
gogue. 

In this country, as well as in all other 
the Jews have been emancipated, the sy 
principal means of keeping alive the Je^ 
ness. The synagogue, with its historic back 
2,000 years, with its eternal appeal to tb< 
ions sentiments, with its inherent potefll 
that can go to make up the regeneration 
is the only institution that can define our f 
that would otherwise be at a loss to unde 
persist in retaining our corporate individ 



^ - '-'H-' 







>BTION OF BTNAGOGUB 8BATS AVAILABLB DURING 
DATS FOR BVBRT HUNDRED JEWS (BXCLUDINO 
LDRBN AND SICK) FOR WHOM SEATS SHOULD RE 
OVIDED IN THE VARIOUS DISTRICTS OF THE 
KHlTiliAH (JEWISH COMMUNITY) OF NEW YORK 



>rth Bronx 
rath Bronx 



100 Persona 



Test Side and 
larlem 



^t Harlem 



TorkTlUe 

Antral 
ianhatUn 

Tompkins 
iquart 

)elancey 



^8t Broadway 



VllHamsburs 



laihwlck 



antral 
•rooklyn 



rownsTllle 
ait New York 
)rou8rh Park 
sat Queens | 
at Queens 
;limond 





Permanent 
Beats 



I Average Total Seats 42 

Average Permanent Seats 24 

y///A Temporary 
fliui Seats . 




"MX tamaM^f^^'^SSa'ASS'' °''*° ^'"""' 



MM 





i 



>BmON OF BTNAOOOUB 8BATS AVAILABLB DURING 
a>ATB FOR BVBRT HUNDRED JEWS (EXCLUDING 
LDRBN AND SICK) FOR WHOM SEATS SHOUIJ> RE 
lOVIDED IN THE VARIOUS DISTRICTS OF THE 

mnriiAH (JEWish community) of new tork 



»rth Bronx 
auth Bronx 



100 Persona 



7eit Side and 
Urlem 



Saat Harlem 



rorkTlUe 

Central 
tfanbattan 

Tompkins 
Square 

3elancey 



Cut Broadway 
VrilUamsburs 

Boshwlck 

Antral 
Brooklyn 

irownsTlUe 
iut New York 
oreoflTh Park 
eet Queena 
ict Quaena 
shmond 





Permanent 
Baata 



I Average Total Seats 42 

Average Permanent Seats 24 

y///A Temporary 
fliui Seata . 




BETH HAU1DRA8H HAGOUOL 
64 Norfolk Street 



V 


m 


• 



Abbe Meyer Kat.. :06« ^^l^! 

Cla'abBrK. Saaaei. Pre« 
?»* ^«"0*t»« Achia An- 
Jolk f^^'"?"*-' <"» Nor- 

^e'rJi* \t.re."'°"''^ 
Butcher: UH^Ba^",^"""- 
Re..: to DIvlilon 8t 

»c y, wm. Aah, 61 Convent 

a!II!!'** *: "- P"-'*- Agudath 
MOth St.) aince I90». Tern. 

.1^ ^. •■? "" '" R"- 

"'■• Came to u. s isbt 
Received aenerni i . 

2-«ct.on.«siu-:rB'o-„a' 

St Be«.: 204 w. issth s" 
W*th St. Orthodox. M.m. 



Sec'y. 

^^•■«. A 
liOTon 

thodo: 
bershl 
city: 

Cemet 
Jacob 
St. Sei 
119 He 
Rvtkoi 

I*ovon 
elected 
Born II 
to U. a 
eral Jc 
Clothlni 
St Rea. 

c>'o«ir. Aim 
Aid socl 

capacl 
Pres., A 
bridge I 
Faeay, n 

«*«vy. A 

Agiidath 
Soc. (106 
1»06. Ter 
1867 In 1 
U. S. 189 



APol 



T«, 



oamumArumm 



151 



Vtai BIknr Chollaw Cmn*- 
tHy. Pnb.* Bca Hjmowlts. 
nt R tu 81. SMs'y. larael 
BmM, Mt Hewitt PL 
HlBtMlUb ■•■• Pm. Oonff. 
Afiiatk Aehlm Tlldei Ron- 
■ttia . f ts Fdrsyth Bt.) : 
•iMlad Itn. Term • montlis. 
Bm U7t la Roomania. 
Ohm to U. a IMS. Racalved 
• PnbUc Sebool •ducatloa In 
BMauuda. Baectrtotaa: S 
W.tdSt. XUa.: SIS B. tth 8t 



eral Jawtah adaaatloa* 
Monumaata: 110 Farayth 81. 
Raa: Sit 8Ub1ob 8t 



> n li ft AcMai mi Tarinrflla, 
tt4 & Slal 81. Orthodox. 
Or» U14. Mambarablp: 70. 
iMtiiia capadly: ISO. Pros.. 
Btraard Sinerer. S26 B. fist 
St 860*7, Abraham Horo- 
vlti; SSI B. till 81. Rabbi. 
& U. KlolB. 416 B. 86th 8t 



Proa Aipi- 
dftth Aehira of TorkvUle 
(tl4 B. tlol St): elected 
ItlT. Term montha Born 
1111 la RuMla. Came to 
U. 8L'lf04. Received eren- 
•nl Jewish educatloiu Res. : 
■L flsl St 



Aieiath Baelnnel C h em e d, 

Its Colombia St Orthodox. 
Org: 1014. Membership: 40. 
SmiBir eapaelly: 80. Ceme- 
tey* Slvdsr. Prea., Isidore 
Uier. Sit SlanlOB 8t 
SM>, Isaac Diamond, S61 
Staatoa Bt Rabbi, K. Ber- 
* i», ISS Oolnmbla 8t 

^Mwr, isMarcw Pros. Acu* 
Aftth Bachurei C homed 
(lit Columbia 8t>; eleoled 
UlT. Term months. Bora 
BN la HuBsarr. Cams lo 
n. a Itaa. Raoetred fcan- 



dwrrah Asadath Beth At 
Aaohd ttvplta, SO Orchard 
St OHhodox. Orir. lift. 
Membership: 60. Seal! as 
capadly: 100. Free Loaa, 
Cemetery. Pros., Beajamla 
RouiTllsky, 64 B. lot 8t 
Seo'y, Max Neufaldt 160 
Madison 8t 

RoacHsky, Bcajamta* Prea 
■ Chevrah Affodafh Beth 
Aehlm Aashel Blaplla <S0 
Orchard St), since Itll. 
Term 6 montha Bom 1807 
In Russia. Conlraolor, 
skirta 181 Ludlow St Rea: 
54 B. 1st St 

Conm* Affvdath ChaTorlm 
Aashel Manaarash, 66 Co- 
lumbia St. Orthodox. Orff. 
1902. M em b e r s h 1 p SOO. 
Seating capacity: 600. Study. 
Cemetery. Free., H. Koenls^ 
1S9 Pitt St. Sec'y, W. Thau. 
116 Broome St. Rabbi, A. 8. 
Pfeffer, US Ave. C 

Kaeals, H.« Pros. Affudalh 
Chaverim Anshei Marmar- 
ash (66 Columbia St); 
elected 1917. Term 8 months. 
Born 1866 in Hungary. Came 
to U. S. 1894. Received s«n- 
eral Jewish educalloa. 
Leather. Res.: 189 Pill Bt 

Asadath larael af II. T,» 1 W. 

llSlh St Orthodox. Mem* 
bershlp: 10. Seating capac- 
ity: 600. Pros, and BacTy, !». 
Sackowlla. SI W. 114Ui 8t 



f! 



Cemetery. Pres.. E z e k 1 e 1 { 
Plonaky, 50 W. 88th St. 

Scc'y, Julius Gompert, 1476 ^ii 
Lexlngrton Ave. Rabbi, G. 

Lipkind. 112 Cathedral ^ 

Parkway. 1 

PlOBskT, BBeki«l, Pres. 1 

CoxifiT. AfiTudath Jeshorim 1 

(118 BL 86th St), since 1902. 1 

Terpi 1 year. Born 1847 in 4 

Russia. • Came to U. & 1865. 1: 

Received ereneral education. S 

Mfgr, neckwear: 624 B'way. i, 

.Rm.: 60 W. 88th St. j^ 

Anteth Tlphcretk Israel, 511 i 

B. 174th St. Orthodox. Org. i, 

1917. Membership: 68. Seat- i 

insr capacity: 260. Study. g, 

Harry Bstes, 511 B. 174th St. i 

Sec'y. Samuel Mlrchin, 486 2 
B. 172nd St. 

E0tcs» Harry, Pres. Agru- 

dath Tiphereth Israel (511 E. ^^* 

174th St.): elected 1917. » 

Term 6 months. Born 1872 ^' 

in Russia. C a m e to IT. S. ^ 

1906. Received g-eneral Jew- ^' 

ish education. Jobber. Res.: ^ 

611 B. 174th St. ^ 

U 

ODBC. Abavath Achlm, 827 E. ^ 

100th St. Orthodox. Org. H 

1916. Membership: 40. Seat- A 



coNmoKjaaam 



158 



U Pike St. 
Orttodm. OtE' UZl. M«m- 
bmUp: tiL flaaUBg capael- 
tr. M. 81«k BttieHt. InMir- 
uoib f^M Vmou Cemetery. 
PiM.. Iseao Bluff el* 17S 
Httiry St. Bee'iTt Im^o 
SeUMaser. lOS So. let St. 

Blank 

B^H^ bea« Free. Cbevrab 
Akevatli Achlm Anehel 
^nmA {U Pike 8t), elnoe 
XMT. Term 1 arear. Bom 
Un la BvoU. Came to U. 
& IttT. BeoelTed seneral 
'•wtik and eecular ednoa- 
tlMi. aoake: ST B. B'way. 
Rm.: its Henry St. 



■M B e h — lew amd Koraon* 
SI Orchard St. Orthodox. 
Org. I8f8. Memherahlp: 100. 
8«itioff capacity: SCO. Cem- 
•tenr. Prea., Zell* Wolf, 
^ W. 144th St. Sec'y, M. 
^•khtr, S4S Madlaon St 
Wilt Sells* Prea. Chevrah 
AhtTath Achlm Anahel Bo- 
kodow and Koraon (62 Or- 
chard St.). alnoe If 16. Term 
1 Tier. Bom 1M7 In Ruaala. 
Caae to TJ. & 18f f. Received 
fntral Jewlah education. 
PUater. Rea.: 260 W. l'44th 
Ik. 



1164 Fifth Ave. Orthodox. 
OiB. 1664. Memherahlp: it. 
lietiav capacity: St 0. Ceme- 
tery. Prea.: Harry Oreefi- 
wald. Sli B. ^6ird 8L SWy, 
^klllp l^Bodenuuit 61 B 
UlthSt. 



r» • Pr«a. 
Conff. Ahavath Aohlm A|i- 
ahel Tomaahover and Plet- 
rocov (1264 Fifth At%): 
elected 1917. Term -.6 montluk 
Frulta. Bee.: 216 B. lOtrd 
St. . 



64 Pike SL Orthodox. Ors- 
1827. Memberablp: UNI. 
Seating capacity: 266. Ceme- 
tery, 81 ok Benefit, Jprae 
Iioan, Study. • Prea« .Banket 
Levlne. 26*4 Henry St. Seo^y, 
Mr. Belka, 166 Madlaon St. 



wath Achlm Anahel Uada (24 
Pike St)/ alnce lOli. T^rm 
6 montha. Born 1876 In Rua- 
ala. Came to U. & 1602. 
Received greneral Jewlah 
and secular education. Rea.: 
264 Henry St. 

Ahavath Achlm irMehlleTt 206 
B B'way. Orthodox. Orar* 
1902. Memherahlp: 112. 
Seating capacity: 260. Sick 
Benefit, Free Loan, Ceme- 
tery. Prea., Abraham Levlne, 
276 Madlaon St. Seo'y, Hy- 
maa Horo witch, 866 Hooper 
St., B'klyn. 

Ijcvtae, AbrahaaBt Prea. Aha- 
vath Achlm IVMohUev (206 
B. B'way); elected 1617. 
Term 6 montha. Born 1660 
In Ruaala. Came to U. S. 
1909. Received a thorouirh 
Jewish ed u c a 1 1 o n. Flah 
atore. Rea.: 276 Madlaon St. 



.1 



CoB«. Ahavath Abraham B>aal 
Kolo, 48 Ave. D. Orthodox. 
Orgr. 1877. Memherahlp: 180. 



COHMDNAL aBGIBTEB 



LlltiK capBClty: J60. Sloh 




nefit, tnaurance, Frso 


Pres. AhaVBtb Cbe>ed 


in. BIkur Cholim, Ceme- 




y, PrcB : Jacob Carllngfr, 


St. and LexlnKton ATe.K 


' B'way. Sec'y. Samuol 


since 1908. Term 1 year. 


.-y. 709 E. 9th St. 


Born 186* In U. S, Received 




a college edUcBtlcn. Law- 


ng. Ahavath Abraham 


yer. BuBlneaa: 1 Rector 81. 


lal Kolo (4S Avenue D). 


Rea.: SB W, SSth 8t. 


cel9I6. Term 1 year. Born 





I 1891. Received Public 

piool education. Builder: 

B'way, Res,: 10* 3d Ave 

rah Ahavath Cfealm An- 

B a a e X Bt. 
IBSD. Mem- 
rBhIp; ItO. Seating capac- 
114. Comelery. Prea.. 
ic TopolBky. 397 S. *tli 
Bklyn. Secy. Mr. KopeL 
i Allen SI. 

|pol*ky, laaae, Prea. Chev- 
1 Chain 



Conic. Ahavatk 

Amsterdam Av.^. u. ....... 

Org. IBIG. Membersmp: ... 
Beating capacity: 400. 81*- 
terhood, Cemetery. Prea., M. 
Rubin, ISflS Amsterdam Ave. 
Sec'y, J. Enkel. 571 W. ITSrd 
St. 

CoDK. Ahavath larMrl Ahahcl 
S>baril, 1S8 Stanton St. Or- 
thodox. Org. ISES. Mem- 
bership: IG. Seating capaci- 
ty: 100, Cemetery. Study. 
PrcB. Aaron Grunli. 7S 



I5S 



• flMBtlis. Bom liSS 

ta Rmrta. Canit to U. & 

1M4. noaalT^ed sonoral Jow- 

\ak «d««attoii. BosnT walats: 

mi Vint Ave. Rm.: U« B. 

iMtti at. 



roe St. tfoo'r. lanMl Kltotfor. 
17 B. lOTth St. 



« Avt. a Orthodox. Orir* 
ua llMBborahlp: 40. Soat- 
- iBg capacltjr: SOO. Insunuice, 
OuMtery. Pros., Jacob Upp- 
■M, m B. ird St. Soc'y, 
^ Belfl^ tf 8 S. 8rd SL 
UiiMaa. J ^ i oo l ^ ProOb Cliov- 
nk AtaTath Jonatban B'nal 
'aeob Anahel Peoheloh (22 
AriL O, Bince 1$16. Term 1 
ruf. Born ises in Ruasla. 
Quae to U. & 1881. Received 
ftaertl Jewish education. 
R«i.: 288 B. 8rd St. 

<^«« Ahanrth flchlono, 816 
K ith St Orthodox. Orff 
ISM. Bembership: 88. Seat- 
1b8 eapaeltjr: 886. Cemetery. 
l^Na, David Uartstein, 280 
BtTemeyer St.. B'klyn. 



AkBiafh SkoloB 
9Uk BeaeUt, Insurance* 
Ciaietery. Or^. 1010. Mem- 
btrthlp: 100. Meets 1st Sun- 
8iy at 08 Vorsyth St. Pres., 
kuit Pardo, 08 JLllen St 
OeeTy, Raphael SarfaU. 06 
Allta St 



08 HesUr St Or- 
tMox. Orff. 1880. Member^ 
*>»: 10. Seatlas capacity: 
^ Hdi Beaoflt, Insurance, 
^•aietery. Study. Pros.. 
^^vtlttm OOutplr*, 08 Mrni- 



Shnpir4^ 

Conr. Ahavath Sholoin An- 
shei Winnitsa (08 Hester 
St.), since 1014. Term 8 
months. Born 1878 In Rus- 
sia. Oame to XJ. a 1808. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Installment busi- 
ness. Res.: 08 Monroe St. 

Ahavath T'aehviith Jaalaa. 

C^emeteiT' Orr. 1007. Mem- 
bership: 820. Meets once a 
month at 08 Forsyth St. 
Pres., Sabetal Menachem, 1^4 
Canal St Sec'y, Jacob 9Saf- 
fos. 64 Canal St 

Chevmh Ahavath Kedek Aa- 
■hel Jaeklaovker. Sick bene- 
fit; insurance; cemetery. 
Meets 2nd and 4th Satur- 
days, at 282 Broome St 
Pres., Arthur Oraet 148 W. 
111th St Sec'y, L Auflrust 
881 2nd Ave. 

Ahavatk asedek Aaekefl Ttadca^ 

wfta, 89 Henry St Orthodox. 
Orir* 1892. Membership: 
200. Seatingr capacity: 800. 
Sick Benefit, Insurance. Free 
Loan, Old Agre Penalons. 
Cemetery. Pres.. Asher Gold- 
stein. 128 Sheriff St See'y. 
8. Bpstein. 11 Market St 
GaldstelB. Aeher, Pres. Aha* 
vath Zedek Anshel Tlmko- 
wits (80 Henry St), since 
1917. Term 8 months. Bom 
1862 In Russia. Came to 
U. a 1001. Studied at 81«U- 
ker Yeshlvah. Tailor. Res.: 
188 BheHfr St. 



156 COMMUNAIi 

B«tk nakMHHth A k a r ■ t h 
ZIOB. AG Pike St. CoDierva- 
tlre. Orff. 18B1. Member- 
■hlp: 120. Seating capacity: 
600. Free T-os-a, Study. Cem- 
etery. Pre»., Barnet Arlo- 
vUch, 238 E. 11th St. 
ArlcTllch, BbtbcI, PreB, Beth 
HnkneBseth Ahavnth Zloii (<•(■ 
Pike St.). since 19IZ. Term 
1 rear. Born ISG7 In Russia, 
Came to U. S. 1SS8 Recelvea 
Keneral Jewish education. 
RebI EHtB.te. Rea.: 3S3 E. 
lllh St. 

AJotaml BalurpBlpr Hnnd- 
wrrkpr COBK- 1^2 Allen St. 
Orthodox. Org. 190B. Mem- 
bershlp: 3G. Seating capa- 
city: 100. Ladles' Auxiliary. 
Cemetery. Pres., Jacob 
Chernlak. U3 St. Marks PI., 
B'klyn. Sec'y. Morris Davld- 



slnce ItOS. Term 1 
Born ISei In Itusela. 
to U. 8. ISS7. Recelvi 
eral Jewish eduei 
Plumber. 33 Qouvern 

Km Krdnahlm Anahcl B 

12G Ridge St. Orthodo 
1895. Membership: 80 
Ing capacity: SSO. 



eflt. 



Cei 



Study. Pres.. Harry 

709 E. 0th St. Sec'y. I 
ten. IBG Qoerck St 
L. Rase. 1G3 SufToIk E 
FriBPT, Harrr. Pre 

KedoHhIm Anah 
<125 Ridge St.), 
Term E mantbB. 



triB, 



Recel 



■al Jew 

ants mfB-r.: 171 Fi, 

es.: 700 E. Sth St. 




vn 



B— ting cftpaoity: ISO. 8lck 
BMMflt, Xnsvraace. IY«e 
I«ui» Brothtrhood. Slster- 
lUMd* OemeteiT- Pres^ J. 
Honor, M9 Vte«man St. 
8«^7, AliralMun Bablaowlts, 
417 B. lOth St. 



^ Pros. Chovrah 
AaslMl Acliim KMmentshuff 
ArtlronaB (IMS Hadlson 
Ato.); dloctod 1917. Torm 6 
iBontli& Bom 1876 in Rus- 
■U. Camo to U.'a 1897. 
QiOQtry: IIM Bryant Ato. 
B«a: NO Vroemaa 8L 

CkOTnA Anrtrt Alt K«uti«- 

tli^ 116 Henry St. Orthodox. 
Org; I8f4. Membership: 100. 
SMttny capacity: 180. Sick 
Btuflt, Insurance, Free 
Loti. Blkur Chollm, Ceme- 
tti7» S t n d y . Prea* Joel 
flhreibman, 816 Madison St 
See'y, P. Nathansohn, 881 
Itfitosa Ave., Bklyn. 

OfcrelkBan. Joel* Pres. 
Cksvrah A n s h e 1 Alt Kon- 
itaatlB (186 Henry St.), 
rtaee 1117. Term 6 months. 
Son 1888 in Russia. Came 
ti U. & 1906. Received 
8<eBeral Jewish education. 
Dtsler la baRs: 608 Water 
at Res.: 816 Madison St. 



7 WlUett St-.Or- 
tkodoz. Orff. 1806. Mem- 
Wthip: 166. Seating capa- 
city: 1200. Free Loan, He- 
brew SchooL Social Center, 
^^tmttery. Pres., Hyman 
OMlil 64 E. 1st Mi. Sec'y» J. 
^ 881 Alabama Ave., 



B'klyn. BJibbi. Isaac XiSlb 
Bpstein, 801 Broomo St. 
Gsftio, Hyman. Pres. Beth 
Ha-K^easeth Anshel Blals- 
stok (7 WiUett St>, slaos 
ioil. Term 1 year. Bom 
1861 In Russia. Caao to 
U. 8. 1898. Received can- 
ersl Jewish and secular odv- 
oation. Diamonds. Res.: 64 
B. 1st St. 



808 

Henry St. Orthodox. Orcr. 
1888. Membership: 870. 
Seating capacity: S60. Sick 
Benefit, Insuranoe. lYee 
Loan, Ladles' Soc, Cemetery, 
Study. Pres., Morris Gold- 
man, 166 Essex St. Sec*y. 
Hillel Llpshlts. 84 Monroe 
St. 



C^oidman, Morris* Prea Cong:. 
Anshel Bobruisk (208 Henry 
St.); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1878 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1898. 
Received general Jewish 
and secular education. 
Grocer. Res.: 166 Bssex St. 

Anshel Chasldel Tlshnltse 
Anstrla. 876 E. 10th St. Org:. 
1908. Membership: 80. Seat- 
ing capacity: 80. Cemetery. 
Pres., Oershen Flnkelman. 
870 E. 10th St. Sec'y, Velvel 
Ooldlnger, 132 Essex St. 
Flnkelman, Gemhon, Pres. 
Anshel Chasldel Vlshnltse 
Austria (375 E. 10th St), 
since 1909. Term 6 months. 
Born 1864 In Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1898. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Vegr- 
etable and fruit dealer: 876 



OOMHTTNAL 



TcM»lc AHaekc f:kMe«, ItSI 
Saventb Av«. Conaervatlve. 
Bnsllah Sermon. Org. 18SG. 
Memberahlp: 17 0. Saatlng 
capacity: 1100. H e b r e n 
School, aiaterhood, Ceme- 
tery, Study. Prea., Meyer 
Qoodrriend, 274 W. llSth St. 
Sec'y, Benjamin W. Jacob- 
aon, 10 Wadawortb Ave. 
Rabbi. Jacob Kohn. 2 IE W. 
110th St. 

Gaodfrlead, H • T • r, Prea. 
Temple Anacba Cheaad (1881 
7th Ave.), since 1S09. Term 
I year. Born I860 In N. Y. 
Graduated C. C. N. T. Im- 
porter of pearls and preci- 
ous slonea: 9 Maiden Lane. 
Rea.; 274 W. lllth St. 



K04 ] 

Ur. Wlttaer. CO B 

i a 1 1 ■ K « r . B>r 

Chevrftb Anshel < 
Harlem (S( EL 1 
elected HIT. Term 
Born 18B7 In Aust 
to U. B. I«0». ReCi 
eral Jewish educa 
tired. Res.: 1(04 
Ave. 

Cobs. Aaahcl OIIbIbi 

lumbla St. Ortho< 
1101. Memberahtp: 
Ing capacity: t 

M. Boyka. IBS a 

Sec'y, A. Shapiro, 

St. 

BofkB. H.. Prea 

Ollnlany (86 Colu: 

since DIfl. Term 




•OHWDUATIDWB 



159 



wU PrtM. Beth 

Ha.-K*nessetli Anshel Kolker 

U. V. (201 Broome St.): 

•lected If 17. Tern 6 months. 

Bom 18S8 in Russia. Came 

to U. & IfOS. Received gren- 

«ral Jewish and secular 

.education. Certified Public 

AecountaBt: 200 Fifth Ave. 

Res.: 21(9 Pacific St., B'klyn. 

Cts«. AmWI Kraakmlk ITbll- 
■cr Qakersla* 92 Columbia 
St Orthodox. Org:. 1897. 
Iknbership: 107. Seating: 
etpsdty: 200. Sick Benefit, 
Cemetery. Pres., Morris 
^rnitein. 259 So. 2nd St., 
B'WyiL Hyman Werthelm, 
72 Columbia St 

Bersatelm. Morris, Pres. 
Cong. Anshei K r a s h n 1 k 
tn>llner Oubernla (92 Co- 
lumbia St): elected 1917. 
Term € months. Born 1880 
In Russia. Came to U. S. 
IWl. Tailor: 11 W. 17th St 
^^: 859 So. 2nd St. B'klyn. 

^•■ffresatlom Annhel 
U h ei oif e aad Radsllowe, 

i4S Division St Orthodox. 
Org. 1907. Membership: 110. 
Seatfngr capacity: 200. Sick 
Beneflt Free Loan, Blkur 
C h o 1 j m. Cemetery, Stud y. 
I^rea, Abraham B. Roossln. 
Ul Ave. B. Soc'y. Nathan 
I^ler, 128 Rlvingrton St 
HabbI, Lleber Kohn, 124 
Honroe St 

^■■■■la. Abmkaai B^ Pres. 

^08. Anshei Lebedowe and 

^i^dtUowe (246 Division 

*^>. Unoe 1907. Term 1 year. 

^*^ IMS in Rossia. Came 



to U. 8, 1882. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Mfgrr. itoda fountains: 68 
(Columbia St Res.: 148 Ave. 
B. 

Aashel Iiefler, 40 Gouverneur 
St Orthodox. OrgT* 1002. 
Membership: 2 0. Seating: 
capacity: 60. Sick Benefit 
Life Insurance, Free Loan, 
Blkur C h o 1 1 m , Cemetery. 
Pres., Morris Swerdlon, 60 
Jefferson St. S e c ' y , Leo 
Gordon, 220 Monroe St 
SwerdloB, Morris, Pres. 
Con?. Anshei Lefler (40 
Gouverneur St) since 1914. 
Term 1 year. Born 1866 In 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1910. 
Received greneral education. 
Retired. Res.: 60 Jefferson 
St 

Beth Ha-K*neNMeth Anshei 
L n b a V 1 1 B ^''Honiler, 169 

Henry St Orthodox. Orgr. 
1888. Membership: 140. 
Seating: capacity: 200. Ceme- 
tery. Study. Pres.. William 
Kalman. 112 Eldrldgre St 
Sec'y. Benjamin Finebergr. 
146 W. 111th St 

Kalman. ^Vllllam, Pres. Beth 
Ha-K'nesseth Anshei Luba- 
vlts VHomler (169 Henry 
St); elected 1917. Term 1 
year. Born 1880 In Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1906. Received 
greneral Jewish and secular 
education. Mfgrr. canvas: 98 
Hester St Res.: 112 Bl- 
dridgre St. 

Ckrvrah Taiaiad Torab Amahel 
Ma-arovl, 120 Manhattan St 



COMMUNAL REGISTER 



; 100. Pr 



, Ntt 



ISchwarti. aOSS B'way. Sec'y. 
iBaac Middleman, 1100 

J Seknarta, N ■ t b ■ ■ , Pres. 
Chevrah Talmud Torah An- 
ahel Ma-arovl (130 Maiihai- 
tan St.), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born ISES In Rou- 
manla. Came to U. 8. 1S9S. 
Tailor: fl03 W. liSnd St 
Res.: 301)9 Broadway. 

' Auhrl Mlrllta, 373 B. 1th St. 
Orthodox. Ors. 19DG. Uem- 
berBhlp: 21S. Seating: capa- 
city: 6KD. Inanrance. Ceme- 
tery. PrfiB., Adolph Dry, SiJ 
B e e k m a n Ave. Sec'y, I. 



rhcvrab AbbHeI Mir U. V, 

B. B'way. Ortbodoz. 
1890. MembE^rahlp: 
Seallns oapaclty: 100. 
Beneflt. Cemetery. P r < 
Isaac Gorodalaky, 17 Hi 
St. Sec'y. Sam Shafer, 
Bee km an Ave. 
GoTtidatBk y, !■■■«, f 
ChevraH Anahel Mir D. 
Il« B- B'way); eled 



Rea.T 47 Henry SI. 

[-s>K. Awahd Hosir, SSS B. 
SL Orthodox. O r s . I 
Seating capacity: SOO, F 
J. Sasnofahy, 817 E. 
St. Si^i''y, H. Rosmao, tl 
11th St. 

SasBOfakr, J^ Pres. I 
Anahel Mozlr (836 F 
St.): elected 1917, Te 
months. Born 1S79 In 



oeMwicunmflB 



161 



mmM^ »T B. 4tli St. • Or- 
thtdos. Otg. If 16. Member- 
Alp: Ml Seatlac eapaeity: 

». Pn^ Jos. Xaater, f 14 B. 

UUift. 

M—lUb Jeeejii> Pree. Amiliel 
OTliielltBer B e ee a i mbta 

(til & 4tli 8t.)p sliioe 1916. 

tun 1 jrear. Bora ISM In 

Riifsla. RocelTed generiBil 

Jewish ednoatlon. Ree.: 814 

M,lUkBL 




M Mont- 
8t. Ortbodos. Mem- 
tanUp: M. 8eaUBff capac- 
tty: tM. Free Loan, Ceme- 
Unr, Study. Preo.,Hlllel 
Ichmiikler. 800*7. H. Lip- 
Bittky, 187 Monroe St. 

<Atvnh Aaidiel Oofbmlmeh 
^JMhfl Tmb* 68 E. B'way. 
Orthodox. Ors. 1889. Mem- 
bnthlp: 140. Seating capa- 
city: 800. Sick Benefit, In- 
■umace. Free Loan, Ceme- 
ttx7» Study. Prea., Benjamin 
CBtler, 84 FOraytb St Seo'y. 
Meyer LiOTin, 66 Canal St. 

CtUtf^ Bomjasim* Pres. 
Ghefrab Ansbel Oehmineh 
TAaahel Trab (68 SL Broad- 
way), since 1016. Term 1 
liar. Born 1667 In Russia. 
Ouae to U. S. 1808. Received 
Itaeral Jewlsb education. 
tttr. panto: t Blrmlnflrbam 
It Boa.: 84 Forsyth St 



Ciis; AMbel PaaedeU 886 fi. 
Viray. Ortbodoz. Ors. 1802. 
IKeinbersblp: 60. 8 e a 1 1 n gr 
«iptcity: 186. 8ick Benefit 



iT^ee Ijban. Bikur Cbolim, 
Cemetery. Pres., Isidore 
Sendelowtob, 1678 61st 8t., 
B'fclyn. Seo'y, Mordooai 
Brown, 866 New Lots Are,, 
B'klyn. 



OonflT* Ansbel Panodel (186 
B. B'way), since 1016. Term 
1 year. Bom 1887 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. 8. 1806. 
Received general Jowisb 
education. Shoes: M CSanal 
St Res.: 1678 0ila( 8t, 
B'klyn. 

ABSbel Petrikow. 840 B. 10th 
St Orthodox. Orff. 1016. 
Membership: 46. Seating 
capacity: 800. Cemetery. 
Pres., Israel Rothfeld, 810 
Ave. A. Sec'y, H. Lelbman, 
418 B. 10th St. Rabbi, Jacob 
Melman, 681 B. lltb Bt 

Rothfeld* Isvaet Pres. 
Anshei Petrikow (840 Bast 
lOtb St); elected 1017. 
Term 1 year. Bom 1864 In 
Austria. C^me to U. S. 1608. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Grocer. Res. : 
810 Ave. A. 

CoBff. Of Talaivd Torak Aa- 
skel Polaad, 169 Suffolk St. 
Orthodox. Orgr. 1017. Mem- 
bership: 860. Soatinar ca- 
pacity: 160. Hebrew school. 
Pres. Henry M. Oreenbergr, 
34 W. 119th St Sec'y. 
Mendel Holts, 1687 Fulton 
■ Ave. 

Amshel Rasroler, 106 Forsyth 
St Orthodox. Orgr. 1898. 
Membership: 50. Seating 



Cemetery. Pr«i., Istdore 
Adler, Iia tnd Atb. Sec'r. 
DaTid OI&««tein. 10 RutKer" 



Orav Aaakel irllfe, 78 AIl«n St. 
Orthodox. Org. ISOi. Hem- 
berahtp: SO. SeatiiiK capa- 
etty: SOO. Cemetery. Prea., 
Sam Slonlmakr, It RutKere 
PI. Seo'y. D. SoloniowltL 11 

BldrldKe Bt 

BloalBSky. »Mm, Prea. Cons. 
Anahel Sellb (TB Allen St.), 
■Ince ISIS. Term t monthe. 
Bom IITI In Rueela. Came 
to U. a. loot. Received Een- 
era) Jcwieb education. 
Patnta. Rea.: 10 Rutgera PI. 

fhevrak ABshcl 9feol«B Ka|. 

deaaw. SS JefTerson Bt. 
Orthodox. Uembershlp: 110. 
aeatlng capacity: 40O. BIck 



Nathan R«aenMnm, 
Tth St. Sec'y, Hende 
wlta. IIT & Id St.. 1 
RMOklsM, Nathu 
Anahel Bhaedrtner (H 
erneur St.), ainee ISO 
1 yeara. Born KTI 
ata. Came to B. f 
Received general J • 
education. Auetlonea 
IM B. Tth Bt. 

Betk Ha>K'MMiHb A 

Slatak, 14 Pike St. 
dox. Orff. 1*0T. 11 
ahip: 16t. Seatlns m 
TOO. Free Loan. Ce 
Study. . Prea, Wolf 
dea. lis B. B'way. 
Uorria Maaarowlti, I 
ry St Rabbi, J. Bi 
IBS B. B'way. 
GiDaadPi. Watt, Pre 
Ha'K'neaaeth Anahel 
[34 Pike St.). aln< 




10M 



L 8t Orthodoac. 

ihlp: 1M. Beatfnff 

ISS. CMBetery, 

aeflt. PreBn Isldor 

§tt New Jersey 
klsm. Seo*/, Jacob 

MS Delanoey St. 

bH S^kM« #ff Har- 

B. llfth St. Ortho- 

* g . 191S. Menber- 
S. Seating eaiwe- 

E^rea^ Bllaa Herman, 
lird St 

KllB% Prea. Oonff. 
S'phard of Harlem 

119th St.), el nee 
rn In Anetrla. Carte 
1887. Received iren- 
'Ish education. Re- 
sa: 161 E. ISSrd Bt 

kaekefl Stvchin aad 

• 840 Henry St Or- 
Orff. 1912. Mem- 

188. Seating caiia- 
. Free Loan. Ceme- 
udy. Prea» Joieph 
Bin. 88 W. 113th St 

Slerel. 88 S. 106th 



ria. Jeeepk* 

Anehel Stuchln and 
(840 Henry St.), 
•07. Term 1 year, 
to In Russia. Came 
1880. Received ir^n- 
irlsh education. 
S4 Canal St. Res.: 
8th St. 

wmth Ciiesed, 197 
t Orthodox. Org. 
mbershlp: 78. Seat* 
efty: lOd. Freelioan. 



Cemetery, Study. Prea., B. 
Hurowlts, 197 Henry iti 
Seo'V, L Levltsky. 197 Henry 
St Rabbi, a Rafalowlti, 
887 Henry St 



COTMpi A a 8 h e I VIi 

Vmses«Bd, 86 Lewis St Or* 
thodoz. Orir* 1897. Member- 
ship: 191. Sestlnar capacity: 
800. Sick Benefit, Insurance, 
Free Loan, Ladles' Society, 
Old Age Fund, Cemetery. 
Pros., Max Blmbaum, 48 B. 
104 th St Sec'y, Hyman 
Wechselfeld, 68 Lewis St 
Btmbaosi, Max, Prea Conar- 
Anshel Ulanow und UmgasT* 
end (56 Lewis St); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1867 In Austria. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Tailor: 199 Norfolk St. Res.: 
48 B. 104th 8t. 



Coair* Aaahel Yaaov Labiea- 

sky U. v., 84 Lewis St 
Orthodox. Membership: 160. 
Seatingr capacity: 160. Sick 
B e n e fl t , Insurance, Free 
Loan. Cemetery. Pres., Louis 
Bilgrarten, 188 So. 8rd St, 
B*klyn. Sec'y, Aaron Zam- 
bergr, 88 Columbia St. 

Bllgartea, Loafs, Prea Cong. 
Anshel Yanov Lublensky U. 
V. (84 Lewis St), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1870 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1899. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Tailor: 96 
8nd Ave. Res.: 188 S. 8rd 
St. B'klyn. 

Aaskel Yaaares aad iCabllas, 

11 Suffolk St Orthodox. 



164 COMHUNAI. I 

Uembershlp: IE. SBAtlng 
oapacltjr: 1B4. Sick Beneflt. 
Inaiiruica, Ceniaterr, Study. 
Pre*., Wolf Belli. Bec'y, Wolf 

A>rt*l Z*IUn I'vuBtk Mhot, 

81 Rlds« St. Orthodox. Org. 
ISM. UemlrarBhlp: BE. SeaC- 
ins- capacity: 80. Sick Ben- 
efit, Free Loan, Cemetery. 
Prea., W. H. Schonbacb, 33 
W 1 1 1 e 1 1 St. Secy, Mai 
Elllphant. 248 E. 3rd St. 
Sekoabaeh, W. H„ Prea. 
Anahel Zolklev T'vuath Bhor 
(IT Ridge at.); elected ISIT. 
Term € montha. Born 1869 
In QBlIcla. Came to U. S. 
1SS8. Received general Jew- 
lah eduoatlon, Rea.: Si Wll- 
lett St. 



I Weill. Si 
secy, Q. Oii4Td 
Waiblngton A.1 
Max SVled, )1» I 

Ateretk Jadak B^ 

IBS BtBDton at. 
Orff. IBOt. Hem 
Seating capacity 
tery, Study. I 
Welsa. se Lewli 
QeraboD Kien, 
St 
Wvlaa, Oarar. P: 




OOliOHBaATIOMB 



186 



rp I*..*.* Pre*. 
Vwi (ISlst St. and 
tn At«.); eleoUd 
»rm 1 jrtar* Bom 
Austria. Raceived 
kl adueatlon. Baal 
Rea.: ST E. ISOth 8t 



122 W. latth St. 
L Ors. ISA. Mant- 
es. Saatioff oapac- 

Ladiaa' AaxlUary. 

School, Cemetery, 
iaa Welnsteln, 109 
I St. Sec'y, W. Met- 
W. lasth St. 

[vasmrlaa A ■ ■ li e I 

62 Cannon St. Or- 
Or ST. 1882. Mem- 
80. Seating' capa- 

>. B 1 k a r ChoUm, 

r. Study. Pre*., Jos. 
64 Pitt St. Sec'y. 
Shapiro. 817 E. 4th 

»bL Solomon Kan- 

I Columbia St. 

Joeepk* Pres. Aus- 
ungrarlan A n s h e 1 
(62 Cannon St.): 
917. Term 6 months. 
'6 in Austria. .Came 
1888. Received gren- 
Ish education. Clgrar 
es.: 64 Pitt St. 

*olbih Cniemk, 1420 
Ave. Orthodox. Org. 
mberehlp: 22. Seat- 
acity: 180. Blkur 

Pres., Louie James, 
LTlotte St. Sac'y, L. 
78 Jennlnara St. 

■■1% Trem. Austrian 
tievrah (1416 WUklns 



Ave.), since 191S. Term 6 
montha. Bom 1862 In Aus- 
tria, cams to U. 8L lt95. 
Raoelved general Jewish 
education. Real Batata. Ras.: 
1516 Charlotte St. 

ClMvnili Bacli«rlm AasfcH 
HmMPsry* 1187 Prospect Ave. 
Orthodox. Orff. 1690. Mem- 
bership: 86. Seating capa- 
city: 857. Indies' Auxiliary, 
Cemetery. Prea., Jacob 
Cohen, 1886 Prospect Ave. 
Sec'y. S. Fried, 960 Prospect 
Ave. 

Cahea, Jacob, Prea. Chevrah 
Bachurlm Anshei Hungary 
(1187 Prospect Ave.), 
elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1872 in Hun- 
gary. Came to U. S. 1882. 
Received general Jewish 
education. White goods 
mfgrr. Res., 1386 Prospect 
Ave. 

Ballgrader Chevrab Amidath 
Chaverlm, 138 Columbia St. 
Orthodox. Org. 1912. Mem- 
bership: 75. Seating capa- 
city: 300. Cemetery. Pres., 
Shale Keitfsler, 105 Ooerck 
St. Sec*y, Israel Wenick. 264 
SherifT St 

KeMilcT, Shale, Pres. Ball- 
flrrader Chevrah A g u d a t h 
Chaverim (188 Columbia 
St); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1872 in 
Galicia. Received general 
Jewish education. Res.: 105 
Goerck St. 

Ckevrah Baiter Soe.« 188 El- 

d ridge St. Orthodox. Org. 



166 ooiaiUNAi. I 

IHB. Uembarahlp: KO. 
Ba&tliiB capacity: 100. 8lok 
BeneOt, Fra« lioan. Ceme- 
tery. Pre!., Aaron Cohen, 
ti Uontroee Ave., B'klyn. 
Seo'y, Aaron Qlaaer, TIG BL 
Itb St. : 

berg 91 Orchard BL 
CohFB, AaroB, Free. Chevrah 
Baiter Soc (131 EMrldKC 
St.); elected IfilT. Term t 
noilthB. Born 1S7T In Bue- 
■la. Came to U. 8. l»Oe. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Be>.r It Mont- 
roee Ave., B'klyn- 

Be(k AaroB Aaahel KaldaaOT, 

141 HadlBon St Orlhodoz. 
OrK. 1S07. Uemberahip: 40. 
Seating capacity: 110. Study, 
Cemetery. Free.: David 
Shapiro. 



Chcvnift Bctk AdN 
Md stollB, 
Bt. Orthodox. Or 
Hemberahlp: ft. 8 
capacity: IGO. Ii 
Free Loan, Cemeter 
Free., . Isaac 1 a t 
ChryBtle Bt Sec': 
Weber, 1 Attorney E 
Aaron Tltelhan 
119th at 

Olataer, Ummv, Pre 
rah Beth Aaron 
Chaatdel Btollit (St 
St.), alnce IfilS. 

Received Keneral J 
Caroenti 




aoir( 



107 



7 B. B'way. Ortho- 
^. If^l. Membenihlp: 
smtlncr oapaclty: 100. 
ice. Cemetery* Pres.. 
Stesel, St Ames 8t, 

B^T, H. Popkliit 07 

St. 

Immtu, Pree. Beth 
m Anshel Treetln* 
. B'way), elnoe 1014. 
Born 107S In 
•0 Ames Bt. 



#ff 

14fth St. Orthodox. 
01. Membership: 00. 

capacity: 000. He- 
IchooL Cemetery. 
A. Snsman, 601 B. 
It. Sec'y, & Kana- 
1110 Honeywell Ave. 

A. Gallant tpo E. 
L 

• A^ Prea. Conff. Beth 
m of the Bronx (034 
h St.). since lOlS. 

year. Born 1800 In 

Came to U. & 1874. 
d general education. 

28S Alexander Ave. 
n K. 140th St 

bra ham CbasJdii 

■• 100 Henry St Or- 
Orc- 1007. Mem* 
: St. Seatinir capa- 
0. IfVee Loan, Ceme- 
ady. Prea.» Morris J. 
ln» Sit Henry St 
iarry Rajansky, 170 
St Rabbi, Oscar 
; OS W. llith St 
}%mt Mmrwtm J.» Free, 
braham Chasldim 
■ (100 Henry St). 



since lOlS. Term 1 
Bom 107S In Russia. Game 
to U. 8. 1006. ReoelTed a 
thoroufTh Jewish education 
In a Teshlbah. Silks: SO W. 
SOth St Res.: SIS Henry St 

Cherrali Bet* Obaaldim 
D'Polaad, 410 Grand St 
Orthodox. Org. ISOO. Mem- 
bership: 00. Seating capa- 
city: SOO. Free Loan, Blkur 
Chollm. Cemetery, Study. 
Pres., Isaac I* Cohen* 110 
Keap St, B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Mendel Yabllnowltik 410 
Grand St 



Cohen, Isaac L„ Pres. Chev- 
rah Beth Chasldim D'Pol* 
and (410 Grand St.); elected 
1017. Term 1 year. Bom 
1807 In Russia. Received 
education In Teshlbah. In- 
stallment peddler. Res.: 110 
Keap St. B'klyn. 

Beth DaT|(l Anshel Rakor, S86 

(HlntoifsSt. Orthodox. Org. 
1800. Membership: 60. Seat- 
ing capacity: 100. Sick 
Benefit Insurance, Ceme- 
tery. Pres., Samuel Berman, 
8000 Marlon Ave. Sec'y, B. 
L. Rubinstein. 40 E. 117th 
8t 

Berman, Samnel, Pres. Beth 
David Anshel Rakov (S86 
Clinton St): elected 1017. 
Term months. Born 1847 
In Russia. Came to U. S. 
1877. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Retired. Res.: 
2000 Marlon Ave. 

€•■«• Beth David Anshel 

07 Stan- 



COHKUNAL BSatBTSa 



ton St. Orthodox. Org. I80B. 
Membetahlp: 8S. Seating 
capacity; 200. Relief, Ceoi- 
etery. Ladles' Auxiliary. 
Prea,, Loula W • 1 s a in a n , 
3DSVk Broome St. Sec'y. S. 
Brecher. 177 Norfolk SL 
WelaanaB, Loula^ Prea. 
Cong-. Beth David Anabel 
a (97 Stan- 



□ St.), 



Tern 



year. Born IS6& In Rou- 
manla. Came to U. S. 18£E. 
Received High School edu- 
cation. Optometrlat: 310 
Broome St. Ren.; 303';4 
Broome St. 

Trmple Betk-BL Fifth Av< 
and Sevenly-Hlith St. Re 
formed. English Sermoi 
Org. 182S. Membership: i£0. 
Seatlas capacity: 2H2. He- 

Cemetery. Pres., Solomo; 



GllpkBberK, Morrla, 

Cong. Beth Elijah I 
St.;. Hlnoe ISIE. : 
year. Born 18S0 

Received general J 
education. Tailor. 
Scam m el St. 

T«n#le Beth BlohlK. 

Boulevard, Consei 
English Sermon. O 
MeroberBhlj>: 10. 8' 
capacity: 300. 
School. Young 
l^eaKue, Slilurhood 
Wm. Oppcnhelm. 1 
Ave. Sec'y> S- Csa 

OpprahrlBi, 



mple 
So. Blvd. 



leth Elo 
Hln< 



191 




oomeufiB^Taxm 



109 



1 • months. Rm.: 



Eester St. Ortho- 
1191. Member- 
Beatlnff capacity: 
Jioe. Free Loan, 
'7, Study. Prea« 
Jkwomlck, 1688 
. Swfj, Abraham 
181 E. B'way. 
:, Israel* Pres. 
Hamldraeh Beth 
» Hester St) : 
7. Term 1 year. 
n Austria. Came 
7. Received ffen- 
h education. 
lUnford PI. 

rash Beth Jacob. 

tn^on Ave. Or- 
>Tg. 1914. Seat- 
ty: 180. Study. 
Sec'y, Jacob 
Washington Aye. 

eb» Pres. Beth 
Beth Jacob 
ihingrton Ave.), 
in Russia. Came 
1908. Received 
education. Rab- 
L484 Washington 



iraak Chasldei 

•ax* 469 B. 171st 
loz. Or^r. 1913. 
tadty: 200. Pres.. 
I S. Weintraub, 
offton Ave. 
Abrakaai 8.« 
t h Hamidrasb 
ishel Bronx ('469 
tt.), since 1918. 



, Term 1 year. Bora till In 
Hungary. Came . to < U. 8. 

1891. Reoelred general 
Jewish education. Hebrew 
teacher. Res.: 1610 Waih- 
Inffton Ave. 

Beth HamMrash D'lphardlai, 

61 Orchard St. Orthodox. 
Orff. 1878. Membership: 100. 
Seatlnsr capacity: 100. Ceme- 
tery, Study. Prea, Mayer 
Colin, 91 Attorney St. Seo'y. 
Pesach Zivyaok, 86 Mont- 
gomery St. 

Coila, Mayer, Prea Beth 
Hamidrasb D'Sphardlm (61 
Orchard St), since 1904. 
Term 1 year. Born 1848 In 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1896. 
Received thorougrh Hebrew 
education. Res.: 92 Attorney 
St 

Chevmk Beth Hamidrask 
D'Sphardlm D'Hariem, '41 W. 

118th St. Orthodox. Orer. 
1904. Membership: 88. Seat- 
ing capacity: 110. Cemetery. 
Pres., David Nechimlas, 1867 
• Fifth Ave. Sec'y, Abraham 
Greizman, 26 E. 112th St 

Nechlinlas, David, Pres. 
Chevrah Beth Hamidrasb 
D'Sphardlm D'Harlem (41 
W. 113th St), since 1912. 
^erm 6 months. Born 1872 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 

1892. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Dress groods: 
1367 Fifth Ave. Res.: 43 W. 
111th St 

Beth Hamldranh D*Sphardlm 
D'Harlem, 8 W. 113th St 
Orthodox. Organised 1912. 



aOHHTDIAI. I 



Hsmbarahip: ■«. BeaUni 
ca.»aeltr: STI. aiek Bens- 
flt, Cemetarr. Studr. Pres, 
larael J. QraempBii, SO W. 
111th B t . SeCT. BUu 
Schwelt. 

Or««BBpBB. lara*] J» Pres. 
Beth HamMraab D'Spbar- 
dlm <8 W. lllth St.), elect- 
ad ISIT. Term 1 jeara. 
Born 1867 In Ruaalk. Cknia 
to U. B. 1S8B. Raeelved 
general Jewlah education. 
Retired. R«a.: SO W. lllth 



Beth Haaldta 

»n% B. l«*th St. Ortho- 
dox. OrK. 1814. Uember- 
Bhlp: 10. SSBtlnK capacity: 
430. School, Study. Free.. 
I. Bberwln. 



B. ITlDd Bt. Orthc 
l>lt. Mam bare 
SMitlng cftpactty: 
Burial, Cematei 
AAron DaTldaoQ, : 
ton Rd. Heo'7, Men 
lEl? Pulton Ato. 
DaTldsoB. AaroB. I 
Hamldraah Ha«od( 
ITtnd St.), alnca II 
I months. Bom 
Suaala. Came to t 
Recelvad ceneral 
education. Salaam 
1180 Boaton Rd. 

Irth Hamldraah Hai 

Forest A*e. Ortho 
ISOS. Memberahip: 
lag capacity: lOOO 




ocmeamuTios^ 



171 



8 t • k Benefit, Free 
iteCerhood* Cemetery. 

Prea., B. 8. Brody. 
ffany St. Rabbi, R. 

1 S a 9 WsehinertoD 

B* A« Pres. Beth 
rash Haffodol Adath 
of Bronx (lSt7 Wash- 

Are.), since 1914. 
L year. Bom 1862 in 
. Came to U. a 1872. 
ed srsneral Jewish 
icular eduoatlon. 
Iff: €9 6tli Ave.: Res.: 
lany St. 

issMmali H a s • d • I 
k Jceharmi ef tke 

4C8 B. l'45th St. 
o^. Membership: 60. 
Ins capacity: 1000. 
!ry. Pres., D. B. 
i. 869 St. Ann's Ave. 
A Ham, 624 B. 186tb 
sbbi, S. Orossheim. 

■ildrash Hasedel Aa- 

■asary, 242 E. 7th St. 
ox. Orff. 1877. Mera- 
>: 110. Seating capa- 
)0. Cemetery. Study. 
kfenashe Tannenbaum, 
Houston St. Sec'y, M. 
!eld. 810 B. 8rd St. 
Alter & PfefTer. 112 



ibaaai, M eaaahe, Pres. 
Hamidrash Hagodol 

Hungary (242 E. 7th 
rtnce 1916. Term 6 
1. Bom 1848 in Aus- 
Came to U. a 1884. 
'ed general Jewish 
Ion. Retired. Res. : 

RonstoD 8t . 



ahel Resha, 70 Willett St. 
Orthddox. Orff. 1886. Mem- 
bership: 180. Seating capa- 
city: 470. Blkur Cholim, 
Cemetery, Study, Insurance. 
Pres., Max Bisen, 620 W. 
161st St. Sec'y, Solomon 
Goldstein, 184 Cannon St. 
Rabbi, Simon Burstein, 122 
Ooerck St. (Branch: 1864 
6th Ave.) 

Blsea, Max, Pres. Beth 
Hamidrash Haffodol Anshei 
Resha (70 Willett St.); 
elected 1917. Term 1 year. 
Born 1867 in Austria. Came 
to U. a 1890. Received edu- 
cation in Yeshibah in Aus- 
tria. Rent collector: 267 E. 
Houston St. Res.: 620 W. 
161st St. 

Beth Hamidrash Haaodol Aa- 
shel Resha, 1364 Fifth Ave. 
Orthodox. Or^. 1911. Mem- 
bership: 60. Seating: capac- 
ity: 300. Cemetery. Pres., 
Max Eisen. 620 W. 161st St 
Secy. S. Goldstein, 184 Can- 
non St Branch of 70 Willett 
St 

Beth Hamidrash Hairodoi 
D'Sphardlm. 385 Grand St. 
Orthodox. Org. 1897. Mem- 
bership: 82. Seating capac- 
ity: 260. Free Loan. Blkur 
Cholim. Cemetery, Study. 
Pres., Jacob Fisher, 242 B. 
13th St Sec'y, B. Kellman, 
22 Norfolk St 

Flaher, Jacob, Pres. Beth 
Hamidrash Ha^odol 
D'Sphardlm (885 Grand St), 
elected 1917. Term 1 year< 
Bora 1868 in Russia. Oaiae 



Seating capacity: 850. Free 1 
Loan, Ladies' Auxiliary, 

Cemetery, Study. Pres., Sam C o 

Gordon. 8 E. 107th St. 8 

Sec'y, L Seg^el, 63 E. 106th /. 

St. Rabbi, S. Kovalsky, 74 n 

E. 106th St 8 

1 

Bctli Hamldnuik IfwMich IIc»- li 

Ari, 112 B. 110th St. Mem- 7 

-bership: 20. Seatinsr capac- B 

ity: 240. Free Loao, Ceme- I 

tery. Study. Prea., Moses D. 1 

Taubin, 641 E. 189th St. I 

Seo'y* Mr. Goldfarb, 169 E. E 

109th St. Rabbi, B. Hirsch, Z 

196 B. 118th St. 8 

Tanbte* Moa«a D^ Pres. ^ 

Beth Hamidrash N u s a c h ^' 

Ho-Ari (112 E. 110th St), « 

since 1918. Term 1 year. ^ 

Born 1866 in Russia. Came 3 

to U. S. 1908. Received n 
Sreneral Jewish education. 

Res.: 641 E. 189th St ^>>< 

a 

Beth Hamidrash Sha'arel ^ 

Torah aad Aiuihel Ratsk ^ 

V*Matteh Levi, 80 Forsyth ^ 

St Orthodox. Org. 1855. ^ 

Membership: 76. Seating ca- ^ 

pacity: 600. FreeLoan. ^ 

Cemetery, Study. Pres., Max ^ 

Tarshlsh, 23 E. 124th St. ^^ 



OONaBMAnONS 



m 



n Austria. Cane 
S. ReoelTed sen- 
I education. Res.: 
1 St 

etk Hlllel, 195 

Orthodox. Orer* 
fembenhip: • 4 . 
I»aclty: 100. Sick 
Qsu ranee. Free 
ir Chollm. Ceme- 
8. Horrla Abra- 
830 Cherry St. 
:ob Dondea, 170 

• 

*m, Monia* Prea 
3etl^ HUlel (296 
St.), alnce 1914. 
ar. Born 1866 in 
ame to U. S. 1902. 

general Jewish 
Grocer. Res. : 

St. 

■mel, 252 W. 35th 
>doz. Or ST. 1885. 

capacity: 6 0. 

Pres., Philip 
Sec'y, Samuel L. 



elty: 226. Sick Benellt, In- 
aurance. Cemetery, Study. 
Prea., Harry Klein. 221 Clin- 
ton St SeCy, Bj Sohaplro, 
121 Orchard St 
KieiB, Harry* Prea. Cherruh 
Beth Israel Anshal Hlusk 
(32 Rutffera St), alnce 1916. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1879 
In Russia. Came to U. 8; 
1898. Received general Jevr- 
Ish education. Operator. 
Rea: 221 Clinton St 

CoBK. Betk Jacob of Haaleas* 

77 B. 107th St Orthodox. 
Orgr. 1896. Membership: 16. 
Seating capacity: 100. CSeme- 
tery. Pres.. Abraham Neb- 
ensahl, 85 W. 111th St Sec'y. 
Max Levlne, 34 W. 116th St 

Nebensahl, Abmkam, Pres. 
Cong. Beth Jacob of Harlem 
(77 B. 107th St), since 1914. 
* Term 6 months. Born 1867 
In Austria. Came to 17. S. 
1879. Received greneral Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 35 W. 
111th St 



Israel A a s h e I 
d Bukawliui, 3866 
Orthodox. Ors. 
bershlp: 76. Seat- 
ty: 600. Hebrew 
adies* Auxiliary, 
11m, Cemetery, 
lauch, 1340 Brook 
7, G. Feldhammer. 
c Ave. 

tk Israel Anskel 

Rutfirers St. Or- 
Jrg, 1906. Mem- 
16. Seating capa- 



Betk Joseph Annkel Rackfai- 
ovsky, 9 Rutgers PI. Ortho- 
dox. Org. 1905. Member- 
ship: 80. Seating capacity: 
100. Insurance, Blkur 
Chollm, Free Loan. Sick 
Benefit, Cemetery. Pres., 
Baruch Jagur, 260 CJherry 
St Sec'y, M. Priedland, 245 
Henry St. 

Jayrur, Rnruch, Pres. Beth 
Joseph Anshei Rachfalovaky 
(9 Rutgers PI), since 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1881 
In Russia. Came to U. S. 
1913. Received general Jew- 



.« . >«rv. oicK Benefit, In- 
surance, Free Loan, Ceme- 
tery. Pres., Samuel Rubin. 
221 Tompkins Ave.. B'klyn. 
Sec'y, 1. Naishall, 202 Brook 
Ave. 

RublM. Samoel* Pres. Congr. 
Bethlehem Judah B'nal 
Real tie (98 Forsyth St.), 
since 1916. Term 1 year. 
Born 1887 in Russia. Came 
to U. 8. 1900. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular 
education. Mfflrr. firarters: 
474 B*way. Res.: 221 Tomp- 
kins Ave., B'klyn. 



•f Talai«« Torah Beth 
L'yeepaUai Aashcl 
BltoMlr, 241 B. 4th St Or- 
thodox. Org. 1912. Mem- 
bership: 460. Seating ca- 
pacity: 460. Hebrew school. 
Prea., Max Meyerson, 280 
W. Kenney St., Newark, N. 
J. Sec*y, Joseph Wit ties, 
171 B. 2nd St Rabbi, David 
Saalowsky, 824 B. 16th St. 

Blkeah Sholoai Aashel Os- 
trora, 82 Orchard St. Or- 
thodox. Orar i*"'* 



Chevrah 
Beleht 

Orthod 
bershi] 
city: 
Study, 
ffleinsk 
Sec'y, I 
ton Av< 
Wtaffiel 
Ch ev r 
Anshei '. 
tow St 
6 mont 
Russia. 
Receivec 
Trimmin 
Res.: 10' 

BIkvr Cho 
t«k, 246 

va t i V e 
Pres., J 
B. 94th 
Rubinste! 

Coac BIkt 
Zorm li 

Orthodox 
bership: 
city: 140. 



fxnxmmuLTioHs 



175 



If 17. Term • mimths. 
IS In Btiasla. Oune 
188S. R«e«lyed sen- 
rlsh education. Re*.: 
»n 8t 

8fk»r €?lMian Vnal 
JMkci BnnuMw, ISO 
t Orthodox. Mem- 
115. Boatlnff capa- 
»0. BIkur Cholim. 
y. Prec. Morris 
624 S. 9th St 8wfy, 
rledman, S40 E. 4th 



Pros. Chey- 
:nr Cholim Vnai 
nshel Baranow (630 
L), since. 1916. Term 
hs. Born 1874 in 
Came to U. a 1892. 
1 ffeneral Jewish 
liar education. Rea: 
th St. 

lirar Cholim D*Bronx 
8*»hard, 780 Union 
rthodox. Orff. 1917. 
ihip: 20. Sea tin ST 
: 120. Bikur Cholim. 
acob W. Sussman. 
ikson Aye. Sec'y, 
au. 807 EL lB8nd St 
u Jacob nr.. Free, 
ah B I k o r Cholim 
Anshei S'phard (780 

Are.), since 1916. 
year. Born 1872 in 

Receiyed general 
education, (^rpen- 
a: 768 Jackson Are. 

Ifm Ltaatb Haeedefc 
boynih, 268 Riyins- 
3rthodoz. Org. 1898. 
ihip: 47. SeetlT)« 



capacity: 40. Cemetery. 
ProsM A. Knoller, 828 B. Itth 
St Sec'y, Boroch Mehlor. 91 
(Columbia St 

Knolier, A., Pros. Blkur 
Cholim Linath H a s • d e k 
First C!herrah (262 Rivinff- 
ton St), since 1912. Term 6 
months. Born 1871 in Aus- 
tHa. Came to U. & 1|94. 
Recelred g'cneral Jewish 
education. Tailor. Res.: 828 
B. 10th St 

Blaalyer Chermh Desel Maeli- 
bH Bphmlm, 117 L«wl8 St 
Orthodox. Org, 1898. Mem- 
bership: 70. Seating capa- 
city: 800. Cemetery. Free., 
Jacob Gottlieb, 882 E. 8rd 
St Sec'y, Nathan Landes- 
man. 100 Fitt St 
Gottlieb, Jacob, Pros. Blasi* 
ver Chey rah Deffel Mach- 
nel Ephraim (117 Liewis 
St); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1874 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1895. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Cloaks: 837 Stan- 
ton St Res.: 882 E. 8rd St 

Obey rah B'nal Aaron Asfibel 
Vilkomlr, 26 Orchard St 
Orthodox. Org. 1888. Mem- 
bership: 60. Seating capa- 
city: 100. Sick benefit 
Cemetery. Free., I. Bulk, 686 
B. 18th St. Sec'y. Charles 
Ziff. 1571 LexlnfiTton Aye. 
Rabbi, Samuel Ginsberg, 471 
Barbey St, B'klyn. 
Balk, I., Pres.. Chey rah 
B'nai Aaron Anshei Vilko- 
mlr (26 Orchard St), since 
1912 T*nn 1 year BAm 



Membership: 100. Seating 
capacity: 100. Free Loan, 
Insurance, Cemetery. Pres., 
Joseph Bursteln, 413 Cherry 
St. Sec'y. Ab. Schlazer, 692 
Stone Ave., B'klyn. 

Bars tela, Joseph, Pres. 
CheTrah B'nai Aaron Solo- 
mon Anshel T'hillim, K. U. 
V. Ml-Oovrove (197 Henry 
St.), since 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1877 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1909. Re- 
ceived fireneral Jewish edu- 
cation. Operator. Res.: 413 
Cherry St. 



Comm* B'baI Abraham Alter, 

268 E. 78th St. Orthodox. 
Org:. 1914. Membership: 78. 
Seating: capacity: 266. La- 
dles' Auxiliary, Cemetery. 
Pres., Herman Schwartz. 
1504 1st Ave. Sec'y, Adolf 
Rpsenfeld, 404 B. 74th St. 

Chermh B^al Abraham Anshel 
Oretshe^ 15 Ludlow St. Or- 
thodox. Org:. 1898. Mem- 
bership: 80. Seating: capac- 



i^nevran 
Cholim 

110th { 
bership 
ity: 1 
Harry 
St. Sei 

Eitmm, 

B'nai J 
11m of 
St.), el 
months 
sia. C 
Receive 
educatl 
101 B. : 

C^he^-rah 
iiel, 240 
dox. M( 
Ing: cap 
eflt Ii 
Pres., ] 
Cohen, 

Chevrah : 
ael Aas 

St. Or 
Member 
capacit: 
Insuran 



ffv QA 



1iS<AA T.i%art Ooma. 



OONORBOATIONB 



177 



7«&r. Born 1878 in Russia. 

Came to U. S. 1893. Becelved 

Ceneral Jewish education. 

Paper boxes: 93 Mercer, St. 

Res.: 32 W. 111th St. 

CkcTvak B*Md Adam, 100 W. 
lllth St. Orthodox. Orgr. 
m«. Membership: 92. 
Seating capacity: 260. Sick 
Benefit, Cemetery. Pres., 
Solomon Phillips, \62 W. 
llSth St. Sec'y, Henry 
Kronbach. 

noipe SoloHMB, Pros. Chev- 
nh B'nai Adam (100 W. 
lUth St), since 1907. Term 
1 year. Bom 1865 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1876. Received 
Seneral Jewish education. 
Clothing:: 712 B'way. Res.: 
« W. 115th St. 

CWrrab B*imiI Aryel Anshel 
[ KrMBopole, 260 Madison St. 
Ortliodox. Org:. 1883. Seat- 
iBff capacity: 130. Ceme- 
tery. Pres., Meyer Levy. 327 
MidlBon St. Sec'y. Zell^ 
Vtrteltky. 253 Madison St. 

Utf. Meyer, Pres. Chevrah 
B^nal Aryei Anshei Kras- 
Bopoie (260 Madison St.). 
ilDce 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1864 In Russia. Came 
to U. 8. 1904. Received gen- 
crU Jewish and secular edu- 
ettlon. Res.: 327 Madison 
8t 

Ckevrah B*bjiI Aryel Jadah. 

4J6 E. Houston St. Ortho- 
dox. Orgr- 1912. Mtmber- 
ahlp: 48. Seating: capacity: 
110. Cemetery. Pres., Sam 
Sehncbmacher, 100 Goerck 



St. Seo'y, Nathan Mandel. 
61 Columbia St. 
Sclmehiiuielier, Sam, Pres. 
Chevrah B'nal Aryei Judah 
(436 E. Houston St.), since 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1887 In Russia. Came to 
U. S. 1912. Received gren- 
eral Jewish education. 
Operator. Res.: 100 Goerck 
St. 

Cobs. B'nal BeaJ. Mosca Aa- 
■hel Bolechow, 328 E. Hous- 
ton St. Orthodox. Org^. 1906. 
Membership: 25. S e a t i n g^ 
capacity: 150. Cemetery. 
Pres.. Leiser Glatt, 734 E. 
9th St. Scc'y, G. Borkon, 
117 Ludlow St. 

CoBiir. B*nal David A a n h e I 
Charshel and Yanova, 96 

Clinton St. Orthodox. Org:. 
1894. Membership: 63. Seat- 
ing- capacity: 250. Insur- 
ance, Free Loan. Cemetery. 
Pres., Abraham Israel, 6^4 
Suffolk St. Sec'y, Israel 
Molasky, 31 W. 114th St. 
Israel, Abraham, Pres. Congr. 
B'nal David Anshei Char- 
shel and Yanova (96 Clinton 
St.); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1855 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1882. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Ros.; 64 Suffolk 
St. 

Chevrah B*nnl Elleser, 1973 
2nd Ave. Orthodox. Org:. 
1904. Membership: 36. Seat- 
ing capacity: 265. Cemetery. 
Pres., Louis Ungrer, 1266 1st 
Ave. Sec*y, I. Grossman. 
1977 2nd Ave. 



mon Weinstein, 47 Orchard 
St. 

Wlllet. Philip, Pres. Cong. 
B'nal Israel Anshel Plont- 
nltza (16 Ludlow St.). since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 
1881 In Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1910. 22 Ludlow St. 

Chevrah B'aal Israel Aaskel 
S'phard, 522 E. 137 th St, 
Orthodox. Org:. 1918. Mem- 
bership: 40. i Seating: capac- 
ity: 260. Pres., Asher Birfi- 
baum. 522 E. 137th St. Sec'y, 
Mr. Krongold. 504 E. 138 th 
St 

Cons. 9'nal Israel Anshel 
Znrotr Gallela, 73 Ridge St. 
Orthodox. Org, 1896. In- 
surance. Cemetery. Pres., 
Samuel Saffer. 862 Livonia 
Ave.. B'klyn. Sec'y, Isidor 
Ooldberff, 12 Cannon St. 
Saffer, Sannel, Pres. Cong. 
B'nal Israel Anshel Zurow 
Galicia (78 Ridge St.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1877 In Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1896. Received gen- 



178th St.), si 
1 year. Bor 
gary. Came 
Received gei 
education. R« 
f956 Crotona 

CheTrali Kadis] 
Kalvar^er Co: 

Orthodox. Oi 

bership: 200. 

city: 1000. ] 

Sunday Sch( 

Study. P r 

Sklamberg, : 

Sec'y, Hymai 

2nd Ave. R 

Skinder. 136 : 

(Branch, 107 

Sklamberv, E 

Chevrah Kad 

rael Kalvarl 

Pike St.), sin 

1 year. Born 

sia. Received 

Ish education 

Ludlow St. 1 

Ave. 

Con«. B*nal Is 
Anshel Zamat 

St. Orthodox 



/ 



00N€mB8ATI0N8 



181 



BcffutHa. Bseklel, Pres. 
Cong. B'nal Israel Salanter 
Aashei Zamut (159 E. 118th 
8t), ilnce 1916. Term 1 
year. Born 1867 in Russia. 
GUie to U. S. 1886. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Botcher: 89 E. 109th St 
Rea: 19 B. 108th St. 

Onis; raal Jacob, 1712 Gar- 
field 8t Orthodox. Yiddish 
uid English Sermon. Org. 
1SI5. Membership: 60. Seat- 
log capacity: 450. Hebrew 
School, Ladies' Aid Society, 
Cemetery. Study. Pres.: 
aias Candel. 1718 Victor St. 
8«c'3r. Joseph Eichel, 1730 
Matthews Ave. 

CtUei, Kllas, Pres. Cong. 
B'nai Jacob (1712 Qarfleld 
St. B'klyn); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1865 
In Roumanian Came to U. S. 
1892. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Tailor: 17 E. 
<lth St Res.: 1718 Victor 
SU B'klyn. 

<^ B*Mal Jacob A ask el 
■ncsaa, 180 Stanton St. 
Orthodox. Org. 1892. Mem- 
^rshlp: 135. Seating capa- 
city: 400. Ladles' Auxiliary, 
Cemetery. Pres., Harris 
TuiUs, 207 Clinton St. Sec'y. 

Samuel Kluman. 69 E. 3rd 

St Rabbi. Leib Rose, 153 

Suffolk St 

TaBi% Harris. Pres. Cong. 

B'nai Jacob Anshei Brzezan 

(UO Stanton St), since 1913. 

Term 6 months. Born 1868 In 
Austria. Came to U. S. 1897. 
Received general Jewish 



and secular education. Bifsi- 
ness broker. Res.: 207 Clin- 
ton St. 



B'nal Jacob Anshei Cheehon- 
owae, 96 Clinton St. Ortho- 
dox. Org. 1892. Member- 
ship: 100. Seating capacity: 
20. Sick Benefit, Insurance. 
Cemetery. Pres.« Abraham 
Levine. 806 Madison St. 
Seo'y, H. Seigel. 422 St 
Pauls PL 

Levine, Abrabam, Pres. B'nal 
Jacob Anshei Chechonowse 
(96 Clinton St); elected 
1917. Term 1 year. Born 
1866 in Russia. Came to 
U. S. 1899. Res.: 306 Madi- 
son St. 

Chevrak B*nal Jacob Anshei 
Shatsk, 71 Monroe St Or- 
thodox. Org. 1906. Mem- 
bership: 60. Seating capa- 
city: 100. Free Loan, Bikur 
Cholim, Cemetery, Study. 
Pres., Asher Margolis, 17 
Rutgers PI. Sec'y. A. Rosen, 
1620 Madison Ave. 
Margolis, Asher, Pres. Chev- 
rah B'nal Jacob Anshei 
Shatsk (71 Monroe St), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1906 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1852. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
17 Rutgers PI. 

B*nai Jacob Davi« Anshei 
Wlshograd, 176 Bldrldge St. 
Orthodox. Org. 1890. Mem- 
bership: 70. Cemetery. 
Pres., Mux Bzeslnsky. 279 
E. 3rd St Sec'y, Morris 
Brenner. 165 So. 2nd St.. 
B'klyn. 



«i« J2J. aru oi. 

CoBir. B*nal Jacob Joseph* 49 

Sheriff St. Orthodox. Org. 
1890. Membership: 85. Seat- 
ing capacity: 100. Sick bene> 
lit. Cemetery, Study. Pres., 
Meyer Horn, 224 Linden St.. 
B'klyn. Sec*y, Max Algua, 
96 Cannon St. 

Horn, Meyer, Pres. Congr- 
B'nal Jacob Joseph (49 
Sheriff St.): elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1870 
in Russia. Came to U. 8. 
1886. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Tailor. Res.: 
224 Linden St., B'klyn. 

COBS'- B'nal Jcaimnm Ansiiel 
KolBl, 21 Hester St. Ortho- 
dox. Orer. 1894. Member- 
ship: 68. SeatinflT capacity: 
100. Sick benefit. Insurance, 
Free Loan, Cemetery. Study. 
Pres., Isidor Goldman. 261 
So. 9th St.. B'klyn. Sec'y. L. 
Zlatsitl, 1199 Fulton Ave.. 
B'klyn. 

Ctoldmim* laldorf Pres. Congr. 
B'nai Jeshurun Anshei Kolni 
(21 Hester St.), since 1916. 



MetBi 

B'nai 
anow 
elect€ 
Born 
to U. 
eral J 
803 R 

Chevnift 
Tela, 

dox. 

ship: 

120. 

Cholln 

Hillel 

Sec'y. 

Ave. 

Wolf. 

B'nai 

(197 t 

Term 

Russia 

Studie< 

Vests: 

29 Lud 

Chevrah 
Kros, ( 

Org. II 
Seating 



Q01V8MBIIAT10N9 



18» 



u» U. & IfltT. BaetlTed gmi- 
•na Jewish •dneatlon. 
P«ddler. Rm.: €4 B. B*wa7. 



VmmU I«evr» *41 Snd Ave. 
. Ortbodoz. Orff. 190C. Mtm- 
' berahlp: SS. Beatlnv caimo- 
Uy: IM; Study. Pres., Abra- 
Urn Wolt tot B. S5tb St. 
BecTy. H Vlnhnp, it Norfolk 
8t 

W«it AkmhuMt Pres. Coner. 
FBti Levy (941 tnd Aye.), 
iIum 1909. Term 1 year. 
Bora 1894 In Ruula. Came 
to U. 8L 1879. Clothins: 21 
W. 4tli St. Rea.: SOI B. 
UthSt 



Chfffnh B'lMl McMicliCM, 209 

K. B'way. Orthodox. Mem- 
(Mnhlp: 90. Seatlnfir capac- 
ity: 120. Orir. 1892. Sick 
Beiitflt, Free Loan, Ceme- 
toy. Pres., Philip Kaplan, 
ni Henry St. Sec'y. A. 
Weintteln. 28 Attorney St. 
Kiplaa, PMlip» Prea. Chevrah 
B^ntl Menachem (209 E. 
^way); elected 1917. Term 
< nontha. Bom 1872 In 
Ruiia. CSame to U. S. 1892. 
RecelTed general Jewish 
education. Tailor: 84 Mar- 
ket St. Rea.: 218 Henry St. 



Vvt 126 Uewis St. Orthodox. 

Org. 1898. Membership: 198. 

SettlBflT capacity: 500. Blkur 

Clwllni, Cemetery. Pres.. 

Morris Qitterman. 478 B. 

Bouston St. See'y. Henry 

Tonns» 180 Ooerck St. Rab- 

M. Philip Karper. 87 Lewis 

8t 

nHf ■— M«rrla. Pr«» 



Cone Vnal Kordacal Koaaa 
Vn (118 liewls St); sleeted 
1917. Term 8 months. Bom 
1882 In Hungary. Cams to 
U. & 1899. Received Jewish 
education in Yeshlbah. 
Tailor. Res.: 478 B. Hous- 
ton St 



Comm* B*mU Moses A as he I 
JeadalTo. 240 Madlson St 
Orthodox. Ory. 1900. Mem- 
bership: 80. Seating capa- 
city: ISO. Sick Benefit Free 
LfOan. Cemetery, Study. 
Pres.. Abraham OoldberiTt 22 
Ludlow St Sec'y, J. !•. Sha- 
vin, 184 Monroe St 

Goldberir* Abmliaa^ Pres. 
Coner. B'nal Moses* Anshei 
JendzlTo (240 Madison St.). 
since 1911. Term 6 months. 
Born 1879 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1900. Received 
thorough Jewish education. 
Butcher: 22 Ludlow St Res.: 
29 Ludlow St. 

Comm* B'nal M«ses Cbassldel 
Kobrta, 27 Ludlow St. Or- 
thodox. Orff. 1908. Mem- 
bership: 85. Seating capac- 
ity: 50. Sick Benefit Free 
Loan, Cemetery, Study. 
Pres.. Aaron Simon. 17 Bay- 
ard St Sec'y, Moses J. 

Kaplan, 11 Pike St. 
Simon, Aaron, Pres. Cong. 
B'nal Moses Chassldel Kob- 
rln (27 Ludlow St), since 
1914. Term 1 year. Born 
1888 in Russia. Came to 
XJ. S. 1897. Received gen- 
eral education. Clothing 
Rea? 17 Bayard St 



Coas. Vaal Mooef JcM^k Aa- 
akel ZuBer anil EsTlehut. 

lOS Lewis St. Orthodox. 
OrK.- ISOO. Uemberahlp: 80. 
Seatlns capacity: 100. Cem- 
etery. Free., Charlee Val- 
lerateln, T< Ave. D. Sec'y. 
Abraham Hocbbauta, 111 . 
Cannon St. 

Vallcretela, Ckartea, Prea. 
Cork. B'nal Mosea Joseph 
An she 1 Zasmer and Zavle- 
ha>t (lot L«wla St.). since 
leiS. Term t months. Born 
I88I In Ruula. Came to 
U. 8. 1S>4. Received general 
Jewish education. Rea.: It 

B'nal Plsckd Tshnak Anakel 
Anikat, ISe Henry St. Or- 
thodox. Org. 1890, Mem- 
bership: 110, Seating capa- 
city; 300. Free Loan. Ceme- 
tery. Study. Prea,, Hyroan 



Coac B*BiU flakkl Kla 
•kel PnltlBBk, lit 

St. Orthodox. Or| 
Memberahlp: IS. Se 
capacity: io. Sick 
Free Loan, Cemeterj 
Louis Vlasky. )7 Rl 
Sec'y, L. Schomakll 
Charles St., B'klyn. 
Tlasky, Lonls. Pre* 
B'nal Rabbi ZIndel 
Fultlnak (11» Norto 
elected lOlT, Term 6 
Born 186T in Russia, 
to U. S, 1001. B 

general Jewish ed' 
Building contractor. 
37 Ridge St. 

Cong. B*ul Rappaparf 
Donbrowa, 20 T B. 
Orthodox, Org, 1888. 
bershlp: 200, SeatI 
paclty: EOO. C e m 
Prea., Morris Ravner 




aONSBBOAnOMS. 



186 



btnldp: 8. Beatinff capacity: 
M FuM^ M o a 6 B Mayer. 
SM W. nth St. etec'y, Fer- 
dtaud WtlBberff. 214 BL* 4th 
St 

■■yw. ■■■■■, Pre*. B'nal 
Sholom (Ul B. 4th St.), 
riBM IIU. Born 184S in 
Oennuy. Came to U. 8. 
UN. RtoelTed general Jew- 
^ and . eeenlar education. 
Bca: IH W. ISth St. 



SOS Di- 
vlibm St. Orthodox. Orr. 
Itli lUinbershlp: 40. Seat- 
Isf capacity: S6. Cemetery. 
Prea, Qedallah QroMman, 
K Monroe St. Sec'y, Joseph 
OfMn, 6S Norfolk St 
^SxiHaum. Gedallah* Free. 
8*1111 Simon Solomon (203 
Dlvition St.), since 1916. 
Tta 6 montha Bom 1805 
la Russia. Game to U. S. 
Ull Received general Jew- 
^ education. Rea: 95 
ItonrocSt. 

<^>vnih Brmmi SInler, 162 

.Ibdlson St. Orthodox. Orer. 
Ul^ Membership: 72. Seat- 
^ capacity: 120. Ceme- 
^. Prea, Isaac OUck, 27 
Udlow St. 

Oick, IsMic^ Pros. CheTrah 
B'nai Slraier (162 Madison 
8t), since 1916. Term 6 
>Mmtlia Born 1867 in Rus- 
Ha. Game to U. a 1897. 
B€a: 27 Ludlow St. 



100. Sick Benefit. Free Xioan. 
Cemetery. Prea. Isaac 
Si ere 1. 402 So. 6th Bt. 
B'klyn. Sec'y. Max Mones. 
22 E. 109th St. 
Slesel, Isaac, Pros. Ghevrah 
B'nai Solomon Anshei Zal- 
mel (22 W. 114th St.). since 
1915. Term 1 year. Born 
1867 in Russia. Game to 
U. S. 1889. Received sev- 
eral Jewisk education. Rea: 
402 a 5th St.. B'klyn. 



lanwllte 
Coav. Beth Biehlam 810-12 
B. 72nd St. Orthodox. Orr. 
1896. Membership: 80. Seat- 
infiT capacity: 475. Cemetery. 
Pres., Albert Wintemits, 
Sec'y. Merits AbeUa 12*42 
3rd Ave. 



Bolockover Ckevrah flhaaarel 
ShoIoBi* 122 Columbia St. 
Orthodox. Orgr. 1912. Mem- 
bership: 80. Seatinsr capa- 
city: 90. Cemetery. Pres.. 
Manasseh Guttharts. 117 
Broome St. Sec'sti J. Rubin- 
stein. 639 B. 9th St. 
GattkartB, Maaasseh, Pres. 
Bolochover Chevrah Shom- 
rei Sholom (122 Columbia 
St.), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1880 in Aus- 
tria. C^ame to U. S. 1902. 
Received greneral Jewish 
and secular education. 
Fruit salesman. Res.: 117 
Broome St. 



Chevnii Vaal SolMBea Aaahel 
IstaMl, 22 W. 114th St Or- 
thodox. Orgr. 1892. Member- 
ship: 86. Seatinsr capacity: 



Brith Sholom B'nal Isaac, 6 

Ave. D. Orthodox. Or^. 
1912. Membership: 140. 
Seating: capacity: 400. C^me- 



D), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1873 in 
Austria. Came to U. S. 188S. 
Received flr«neral Jewish 
education. Grocer. Res.: 
Res.: 198 Broome St. 

Brotkerkood Leairae of Rhodes 
<Airadatk Aekim D*Rhodes). 

Sick benefit; cemetery. Ors:. 
1910. Membership: 106. 
Meets Ist Sunday, at 186 
Chrystle St. Pres., Albert J. 
Amateaii. 40 W. 115 th St. 
Sec'y* Solomon Misrachl, S6 
Rivingrton St 



i^oBff. Hnske 

V, v., 87 1 
dox. Orgr. 
ship: 42. 
100. Bilcu 
tery. Prei 
andler* 831 
Sec'y. Harr 
St 

Hemkandie 
Consr* Bus! 
K. U. V. 
elected 1917 
Born 1877 i 
to U. S. 190 
eral Jewish 
382 EL Houf 



Bvlsktteer Ckerrak Llaatk 
Hasedek Aaskel Gallela, 93 

Attorney St Orthodox. Org. 
1896. Membership: 130. 
Seating capacity: 100. Sick 
Benefit, Cemetery. P r e s.. 
Max Isen^ergr. 672 Fox St. 
Sec'y. Benjamin Appel, 686 
B. 6th St 

Iseakertr* Max, Pres. Bulsh- 
tlner Chevrah Linath Ha- 
cedek Anshei Oalicia (93 
Attorney St); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1881 



Goaiir. Ckarel 
Loaisa, 101 
thodox. Or 
bership: 70. 
city: 200. 
sura nee, C( 
Leiser Gold 
St Sec'y. . 
man. 985 Lc 
Go 1 d ber s 
Congr. Chai'i 
Lomza (10 
since 1914. 
Born 1862 it 



omfionMATioiiii 



IR7 



9ilm, C«m«t«ry. Pr««.. 
Chiin Firmldln. Itt Broome 
St 860*7. NaOwn Fried. Ill 
BearyBt. 

'rcliiBi CkmSam Prea. 
Cteftl Adan Anehel Minak 
(t7 HeuT St.), alnoe Itli. 
Term 1 year. Bom 'i860 in 
Huria. Game to U. 8. 
IML R e e e 1 T e d sreneral 
Jewish education. Exporter 
dttUny: 848 Henry St. 
Bca: 188 Broome St 



<4 Pitt St. Orthodox. Orr. 
IHi Memberabip: 80. Seat- 
iBf e A p a e 1 1 y : 60. Free., 
Hotel Cohen, 65 Pitt St 
Sec'r, Ur. Oulkin, 1186 6th 
At*. 

Cthea. Motel, Free. Chaeldel 
Bktob Anehel Russia (64 
Pitt 8t), aince 1914. Term 
1 rear. Bom 1861 in RussIcl 
Game to U. S. 1904. RecelTed 
feneral Jewish education. 
RetUarant Rea.: 56 Pitt St 

CWrrah Chaaldel B*aal Israel 

ai-BlsiB, r49 Attorney St 
Orthodox. Orsr. 1910. Mem- 
bership: 64. Seating capa- 
dty: 160. Cemetery, Study. 
Prsa, FIshel Horowlts. 878 
& 8rd St Sec'y. HIrsch 
Rohr, 889 B. 8th St 
Herowlta, Flafeet Pres. 
Cbevrah Chaaldel B'nal Is- 
rul Ml-Rlsin (148 Attorney 
8t), since 1916. Term 6 
montha Bom 1878 In Aus- 
tria. Came to U. & 1906. 
RteelTed general Jewlah 
•daeatlon. Retired. Res.: 
m BL 8rd St 



CkMldel 8adl««ra Tlpkeeeth 
larael MaHsim* 108 Attorney 
St Orthodox. Orff. 1888. 
Membership: 76. Seating 
capacity: 800. Insurance, 
Free Loan. Cemetery. Study. 
Prea. Simon Klelnman. 8 
Attorney St Sec^y. Louis 
Goldstein, 86 Dlvlaton Ava..^ 
B'klyn. 

Kiel ■■§•«• Siwumm, Proa. 
Chaaldel Sadlffera Tlphereth 
Israel Marlsln (108 Attorney 
St), since 1818. Term 1 
year. Bom 1867 In Russia. 
Came to U. a 1887. Received 
general Jewlah education. 
Butcher: 19 Suffolk St Rea.: 
8 Attorney St 



Cons. Chesed L'Abnil 

skel TrUk, 436 Grand St 
Orthodox. OrfiT. 1896. Mem- 
bership: 80. Seatlnsr capa- 
city: 100. Cemetery. Pres., 
Louis Luxenbergr, 868 New 
Jersey Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Isaac Oerbach, 68 Sheriff St 
Lnxcaberv, Loala, Pres. 
Congr. C h e 8 e d L' Abraham 
Anshei Trisk (486 Grand 
St), since 1904. Term 1 
year. Born 1869 In Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1894. Received 
sreneral Jewish education. 
Dealer in Clothiers' Trim- 
mingrs: 141 Eldridsre St 
Rea: 368 New Jersey Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Ckevrah Kadlska, 169 Suffolk 
St Orthodox. O r er . 1916. 
Membership: 20. Seatlngr ca- 
pacity: 80. Pres., Nathan 
Bedrlck. 116 Stanton St 
Treas.. Z. Palatniok. 46 Ave. 
Br 



Kenera.1 jewisn eaucation. 
Res.: 116 Stanton St. 

CoBff. Chlbath JernMilem An- 
skel Sompolne B'nal Abra- 
bam Ml-PIotak, 1362 Fifth 
Ave. Orthodox. Orgr- 1890. 
Membership: 80. Seating 
capacity: 260. Sick Benefit, 
Life Insurance, Brotherhood. 
Cemetery. Pres., David 
Levy, 1717 Madison Ave. 
Sec'y, Max Levin e, 46 
Bleecker St., Mt. Vernon, 
N. T. 

tievTt David, Pres. Congr. 
Chlbath Jerusalem Anshel 
Sompolne B'nal Abraham 
Ml-Plotsk (1362 Fifth Ave.), 
since 1907. Term 1 year. 
Born 1866 In Engrland. Came 
to U. S. 1884. Attended 
Public School In England. 
Orocer. Res.: 1717 Madison 
Ave. 

Cong* CTbochmath Adam Anshel 
Losaaa V*Gotcb« 23 Hester 
St. Orthodox. Orgr. 1877. 
Membership: 126. Seating 
capacity: 200. Sick Benefit, 
Insurance. FreA T^nn Pattia- 



CheTrah 

101st 
1906. 
Pres., 
Ave. 

Cbevrah 
Uarlen 

Orthod 
bershli 
city: 1 
Pres., . 
B. 104 
Teller, 
Goldbe: 
Chevra 
Harlen: 
since 1 
Born II 
to U. S. 
eral J< 
Clothin 
47 B. 1 

CoBff. Cb 
mad T< 

Orthod( 
bershlp 
city: 45 
B. Heln 
Sec'y, B 

Qf 



00NQRBQATI0N8 



189 



I«ac, 90-92 Columbia St. 
Orthodox. Org, 1897. Mem- 
berthlp: vlOO. Seatlner ca- 
pacity: 200. Sick Benefit, 
Canetery. Pres., Isaac Axel- 
rod. 118 Rivlnerton St Sec'y, 
Leib Lustis. 48 Lewis St. 
Anlrsd, Isaac, Pres. Cris- 
tonopoler Cong. Brith Isaac 
(92 Columbia St.), since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 
ISS) in Austria. Came to 
U. a 1899. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular 
education. Mineral water: 
S< Sheriff St Res.: 238 
RlTington St 

^^■f. Cmeatoeluiaer Chanam 
Sopher V*ABabel Uaterntan- 
«tler. & Clinton St Ortho- 
<lox. Org. 1888. Membership: 
SOO. Seating capacity: 1500. 
Sick Benefit Free Loan, 
Blkur C h o 1 i m. Cemetery, 
Study. Pres., Lieber Grill. 
<* Ave. D. Sec'y, S. Klein- 
man. 69 E. 3rd St Rabbi, 
Benjamin Guth, 103 Ave. A. 
Grill, Llcber, Pres. Cong. 
Cxentochauer Chasam 
Sopher V'Anshel Unterstan- 
eatler (8 Clinton St), since 
1913. Term 1 year. Born 
1SS9 in Austria. Came to 
tr. S. 1898. Received general 
Jewish education. Mfgr. of 
feather boas: 733 Broadway. 
Res.: 44 Ave. D. 

Ci^rtkoTer RabM D. M. Fried- 
■aa CoBV^ 30 E. Ist St. 
Orthodox. Org. 1897. Mem- 
bership: 160. Seating capa- 
city: 100. Sick Benefit In- 



surance. Free Loan, Ceme- 
tery. Pres., Mendel Roten- 
strelch, 344 E. 81st St. Sec'y, 
Joseph Rubenstein, 677 Beck 
St. 

Roteastrcleli, Mendel, Pres. 
Czortkover Rabbi D. M. 
Friedman Cong. (30 B. 1st 
St); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1866 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1893. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Laundry: 344 E. 
81st St Res.: 334 E. 81st 
St 

Caortkover Rabbi J. M. Ska* 
piro K. U. v., 80 Clinton St 
Orthodox. Org. 1892. Mem- 
bership: 120. Seating capa- 
city: 150. Sick Benefit, Free 
Loan. Life Insurance, Ceme- 
tery. Pres., Louis Lande. 
401 Miller Ave.. B'klyn. 
Sec'y, Wm. Roth, 62 E. 4th 
St 

Laade, Lonl», Pres. Czort- 
kover Rabbi J. M. Shapiro 
K. U. V. (80 Clinton St), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1872 in Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1899. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Liquors: 38 W. 
Houston St. Res.: 401 Miller 
Ave., B'klyn. 

Chevrak Degel liiaac, 63 Suf- 
folk St. Orthodox. Mem- 
bership: 70. Seating capac- 
ity: 150. Cemetery, Study. 
Pres.. H, Weinberg. Sec'y, 
M. Maliner, 172 Monroe St. 

Coag. Degel Mackaaek Bpb- 
ralm Anskel Blaalvier, 117 



Degel Machaneh Ephralm 
Anshel Bluzlvler (117 Lewis 
St.); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1878 In Aus- 
tria. Came to V{ S. 1892. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Mf^rr. Cloaks: 382 
B. Srd St 

CoBV. Dereck Bmnaali, 2 Van 

Nest PL Orthodox. Org. 
1888. Membership: 50. Seat- 
Ingr capacity: 300. Sister- 
hood, Hebrew School, Ceme- 
tery. Pres.. Max Morrison, 
6 Le Roy St. Sec'y. David 
Meyer. 184 Bleecker St. 
MonisoB» Max. Pres. Cong. 
Derech Bmunah (2 Van Nest 
Pi.), since 1916. Term 1 
year. Born 1877 In Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1888. Received 
ereneral Jewish education 
Clothlnfir: 252 Bleecker St 
Res.: 6 Le Roy St 

Olaever K. u. V. 178 Stanton 
St Orthodox. Orgr. 1915. 
Membership: 60. Seating 
capacity: 60. Cemetery. 
Pres.. Meyer Kanarlk, 96 



Benefit Free 
tery. Pres., W 
Henry St Sc 
P 1 n c u s, 60S 
B'klyn. 

Cohen, Wolf, 
Doresh Tov D 
Suffolk St), sin 
<t months. Borr 
sla. Came to 
Received erene 
education. Rei 
St 

CoBir. Donehel 
OttjnUt, 62 B. 
thodox. Org-, 
bershlp: 60. s 
city: 160. Ins 
Loan, Cemetery 
eph Alster. 22( 
Sec'y. Josepl] 
Allen St 
Alster, Joaepli, 
Dorshel Tov An 
(62 B. 4th St). 
Term 6 months. 
In Austria. Ca 
1897. Received g 
Ish education. 
7th Bt 



OONanB0ATlON8 



191 



Grai* Praa. 0ni- 
ah («1 Ladlow 
lf07. Term f 
n 1SB8 In Riis- 
to U. a 187S. 
leral J • w I a h 
)«.: St Attorney 



iteth Jcehi 
ibM IsMCp 89 

orthodox. Org. 
vhlp: 96. Seat- 
: 886. BIkur 
oetery. Study. 
Gldden, 89 Pitt 
Toseph Oenser. 
1 St. 

r. Free. Dsuk- 
»huri]n Anshel 
(89 Rid^e St.): 
Term 6 months. 
Austria. Came 
Received gren- 
iducation. Re- 
89 Pitt St 

basket Mlamcli, 

St. Orthodox, 
embershlp: 130. 
aty: 800. Ceme- 

Pres., Samuel 
113 Grand St.. 

Chief Outman. 

la Jacok Aaahel 

Jennlngrs St. 

lembership: 60. 

city: 100. Cem- 

Jacob Brown, 

Ave. Sec'y, 

^. 460 B. 171st 

t, Pres. Or^anl- 
Jacob Anshel 
Jennin^ St.). 



since 1918. Term 1 year. 
Born 1880 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1896. Received gen* 
eral Jewish education. 
Salesman. Res.: 1486 Bry- 
ant Ave. 

Bllescr Damasek, 880 Grand 
St. Orthodox. Org, 1911. 
Membership: 86. S e a 1 1 n s: 
capacity: 86. Sick Benefit. 
Pres.. Abdul Mlsrahl, 194 
Rodney St. B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Sam Arasle, 87 H Allen St 
Itlsmhl, Abdal, Pres. Elleser 
Damasek (380 Grand St.). 
since 1916. Born 1887 In 
Tripoli. Came to U. S. 1906. 
Received ireneral education. 
Underwear: 34 Allen St 
Res.: 194 Rodney St., B'klyn. 

Elleser Gants and Ind. Pseai- 
Uler. 148 Ridire St Ortho- 
dox. Org. 1896. Membership: 
38. SeatlniT capacity: 60. 
Sick Benefit Insurance. 
Cemetery. Pres., Max Ring:- 
ler, 52 Lewis St. Sec'y, A. 
Ader. 319 Stanton St 
RiBRlcr, Max, Pres. Ellezer 
Gantz and Ind. Pzemlsler 
(148 Ridgre St), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1881 
In Austria. Came to U. S. 
1894. Received greneral Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 62 
Lewis St 

Bmaaa-EI, 621 Fifth Ave 
Reformed. Engrllsh Sermon. 
Orgr* 1845. Memberskip: 911^ 
Seating: capacity: 1600. He- 
brew School, Emanuel Sister 
and Brotherhood, Junior So- 
ciety, Cemetery. Pres., Louis 



192 COHUUNAL 

liUrsball, 47 B. 73nd St. 
Seo'y, Wm. I. SpleKSlberg, 
IE HadUoa Ave. Rabbin, 
Joseph Sllvermen, 4S B. 76 th 
St.; H. O. Bnelow, g»E West 
End Ave. 

Cbbk. BnnMitk Israel, 301 W. 

asth St. Orthodox. Org. 
1SS3. Membership: BO. Seat- 
ing capacity; 100. Slater' 
hood. Cemetery. Pree., Sam- 
uel BpBteIn, 109 8th Ave. 
Sec'y. Albert Sachs, 357 Stb 
Ave. EUbbl, Hlrsch Gold- 
stone. 327 W, nth St. 
BpatelB, Samnel, Pres. CoDg. 
Smunath Israel (301 W. 
2Stb St.): elected IBII. Term 
1 year. Born 1863 In Russia, 
Came to U. S. 18S0. Received 
general Jewish eduoallon. 
Plate glaas, Bes.: 109 Sth 



1867 Id AustrU. 
U. S. 1887. Becel 
eral Jewish and sec 
cation. lUgi. c 1 < 
Res.: 324 E. 4th St 

Emtr ChclMer Caas. 

torney St. Orthod 
ISie. Membership: 
Ing- capacity: 10< 
Baruch Rosen baui 
lat St. Seo'y, Gabi 
13S Ave. D. 
HoveabMBBi. Ban 
Brste Chelmer C< 
St.). all 
lonths. I 
Ruaala. Came 
1. Received gen 
education. Pap* 



Chevrab Ahnw: 







OONQBBQATIONS 



193 



Bnie Oabctmlber Coas^ 105 

Uwlf St. Orthodox. Orgr. 
1101 Membership: 60. Seat- 
lag capacity: 60. Cemetery. 
^TtM., Max Sacks. 95 Colum- 
bia 8t Sec'y. Ben. Briar. 96 
Lewi! St. 

teeka. Max, Pres. Erste 
DubeUker Conff. (105 Lewis 
8L), fince 1916. Term 1 
7ear. Born 1875 in Austria. 
Came to U. a 1899. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Roofer. Res.: 95 Columbia 
St 

■nte Dsikorer Chevrah, 77 

Sheriff St. Orthodox. Org. 
U99. Membership: 29. Seat- 
ing capacity: 150. Blkur 
Cholim. Cemetery. Study. 
Prea, BenJ. F 1 e i s h e r. 67 
LewU St. Sec'y, J. Wrubel. 
•1 Goerck St. 

Ftelaher, BemJ., Pres. Erste 
Dxikover Chevrah (77 Sher- 
iff 8t), since 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1865 In Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1S99. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Res. and Bus.: 
17 Lewis St. 

Kntc Fraaapoler K. U. V., 92 

Columbia St. Orthodox. Org. 
1)10. Membership: 38. Ceme- 
tery. Pres.. Charles Zltrln, 
11 0>lumbia St. Sec'y. Max 
Leiberman. 61 Columbia St. 
Zttrla, Ckarlca* Pres. Erste 
IVampoler K. U. V. (92 Co- 
lumbia St.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1886 
in Poland. C:ame to U. S. 
1908. Received gr^neral Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 61 Co- 
lumbia St. 



Brste Gorlltser. Cobs. Maehai- 
kel Brneth, lk)l% Lewis St 
Orthodox. Orgr. 1892. Mem- 
bership: 88. Seatingr capa- 
city: 300. Bikur ChoUm. 
Cemetery. Study. Pres.. 
Samuel Pensak, 173 Amboy 
SL. B'klyn. Sec'y. Moses 
Klrschenbaum, 80 Sheriff St. 
PcBiMik, Samuel, Pres. Erste 
Gorlitzer Chevrah Machzikei 
Emeth (101 ^ Lewis St.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1875 in Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1884. Received fi^en- 
eral Jewish education. Knit 
goods: 96 Attorney St. Res.: 
173 Amboy St., B'klyn. 

• 

Erste Halltser U. V^ 159 Riv- 

In&ton St. Orthodox. Orgr. 
1904. Membership: 95. Seat- 
ing capacity: 200. Sick 
Benefit. Cemetery. Pres.: 
Louis Schumer, 346 E. 3rd 
St. Sec'y. Samuel Schorr, 
306 E. 2nd St. 

Schumer, Louis, Pres. Erste 
Halltzer U. V. (159 Rlving- 
ton St.) ; elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1890 in 
Austria. Received general 
Jewish education. Res.: 346 
E. 3rd St. 

Krmte Hoaredenker CoBi:.» 96 

Clinton St. Orthodox. Org. 
1914. Membership: 185. 
Seating capacity: 300. Sick 
Benefit, Insurance, Ceme- 
tery. Pres. and Sec'y, Joseph 
Ebenstein, 208 Stanton St. 
Ebensteln, Joseph, Pres. 
Erste Hoaredenker Cong. 
(96 Clinton St.). since 1914. 
Term 6 months. Born 1876 



MUHNAl. KEmlBTBH 



I AuatriL Csme to U. 3. 
ecelvgd eenera.! Jew- 
) education. Mfgr. neck- 
tea.: 20S Stanton St. 

fe Jad. DarmaTer Coaf., 13 

low St. Ortnodox. Org. 

. Memberahlp: 1*. Seftt- 
Bk capacLIy; 60. Prea,. Mai 
f nllErsieln. Sec'y, H. Sln- 
•. Hi S. 2na St.. B'klyn. 

■c Kamlonker Slmwtlawcr 

I. U. v., IIB Rlvlngalon St. 
tthodoi. Org. 1903. Mem* 



Bratc Llsakrt CTkci 



choiii 



S8 



■ b BlkMT 



Orthodox. Ors, ISBS. Mem* 
bershlp; T5, Seating capa- 
city; too, SIch Beneat Pre* 
Loan. C e m a t e r y. Study- 
Prea.. Meyer Slier, 171 Clin- 
ton St. Sec'y, laaac Stein- 
berg, 1£E Columbia St. 
Slier, Meyer, Freu. Bntv 
Llnaher Chevrah Blkur ' 
Chollm (S8 Columbia St.): 
elected 1S17- Term 6 monlhi. 
Born )g73 In Austria. Cam* ' 
to U. S. IGSa. Received gen- i 



f muel Durst, 717 B. 9th St. 
tc'y. Judah l-ampert. Z49 



Clinton St. 
Brale Havroner K. D. V_ ISC 
Stanton St. Orthodox. Org. 
1908. Memberahlp: 85. Seal- 
inir cBpnclly: 120. Ceme- 
tery. Pres.. laraci Qarfun- 



CJOHORBSATIDliS 



195 



■ait J « 1 1 « % Pre*. 
E^rsworsker A n s h e t 
kk (146 Rldg« 8t), 
917. Term 6 months. 
Hi la Austria. Came 
190S. RecelTed sen- 
wish adacatlon. Dry 
•tora: tl IL B'way. 
88 Norfolk St. 

iteOter K. V. T^ SS7 

I St. Orthodox. Org. 
lemberahlp: 66. Seat- 
ladty: SOO. Sick Ben- 
metery. Prea.. Joseph 
r. Sec'y, Louis Kalb, 
Both St. 

r, J o a c p k, Pres. Erste 
er K. U. V. (837 
on St.), since 1916. 
i months. Born 1881 
tria. Came to U. S. 
ecelTed general Jew- 
d secular education, 
ice. 

MBdlakower Gallala* 

(^lumbla St. Ortho- 
>g. 1899. Member- 
5. Seating capacity: 
ck Benefit; cemetery. 
Ifr. Zwlebel, 91 Keap 
lyn. Sec'y, Mr. Hoff- 
124 Sheriff St. 



K. V. T^ 188 

»y St. Orthodox. Org. 
[embershlp: 76. Seat- 
ladty: ISO. Sick Ben- 
metery, Pres., Joseph 
lorf. 69 Mangln St 
Alter Sellgman. 69 
I St. 

I • r f; Joscyk, Pres. 
Tatrorower K. tJ. V. 



(lU Attorney St.). since 
1911. Term 6 months. Bom 
1878 In Austria. <?ame to 
U. a 1896. Received gen- 
eral education. Salesman. 
Rea: 69 Mangln St. 

Brsto Saltecr Ckerrak, 64 Pitt 
St. Orthodox. Org. 190L 
Membership: 60. Seating 
capacity: 180. Pros., Slg- 
mund Yokel. 68 Kosciusko 
St.. B'klyn. Sec'y. Mr. Coop- 
er. 18 Pitt St 

Yokel, Slgmnadt Pres. Brste 
Zaliner Chevrah (64 Pitt 
St), since 1910. Tom 6 
months. Born 1869 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1886. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Brushes. Res.: 68 
Kosciusko St.. B'klyn. 

BiTSte Zallseslcker R a b e a n 
Ager U. v.. 193 E. 8nd St 
Orthodox. Org. 1914. Mem- 
bership: 100. Seating capac- 
ity: 100. Cemetery. Pres.. 
Joseph Oxhorn. 807 South- 
ern Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y. M 
Bryer. 146 Ludlow 6t 

Chevrah Kadlsha Es Ckatak 

69 Lewis St. Orthodox. Org. 
1897. Membership: 85. Seat- 
ing capacity: 162. Ceme- 
tery. Pres.. Mordecal Brand, 
882 Delancey St Sec'y. S. I* 
Bemel. 79 Cannon St 
Brand. Mordeeal. Pres. 
Chevrah Kadlsha Es Chaim 
(69 Lewis St.), since 1909. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1883 
In Austria. Came to U. S. 
1908. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Paint store 



196 COMMDNAIj 

2SS Delancey St.: Res. 332 
Delancey St. ■ 

CbevTSk Em Cbatm. <1 W 

113th SI. Orthodox. Org. 
1916. Membership: 6. Seal- 
ing capacity: 130, Pree,, 
Morris UetkowUx, 62 E. 
llllh St. Seo'y, M. Oarfln- 
Rle, ?2 W. !13th St. (Branch 
ot 108 Ave. C.) 



Chevrah Ez Chal 



Pres. 

:4i w. 



U. S. 1 888. Received ffen- 
eral Jewish education. Ho- 
tired. Res.: 62 E. llHh St. 

CODK. E;> Chalm AbhIipI Hnn- 
gtirr, lOa AVB. C, Orthodox, 
Org, 189B, Membership: «S. 
Seating capacity: 830. Prf" 



Cons- E' Chalm j 

191E, Term 6 mont 
1S78 in RuiBla. Ca 
S, ISSO. Received 
Jewish education. 
Bergen Ave,, Jera 



Org. ISBS. Memberi 
Seating capacity: II 
Lri>an, Sick Banellt 
tery, Study. Praa., 
Silverman, 7 IT K 
Sec'y, H. Rudnlck, 1 
Eon St. Rabbi. A, 
4G0 Grand St. 




OOKCOOBOATIONS 



197 



im« to U. S. lS88i» 
d general Jewish 
>ii. L»eather: 154 
St. Res.: 149 W. 



chlM AaahH Vlds, 

aroe St. Orthodox. 
IS. Membership: 67. 

capacity: 76. Sick 
Insurance, Free 
»metery. Pres., Max 
OQ, 1846 Pitkin Ats., 

Sec'y, M. Levenson, 
rth St. 

MB* Max. Pres. Bs- 
chira Anshei Vids 
nroe St.), since 1916. 
months. Bom 1867 
tla. Came to U. S. 
Tailor. Res.: 1845 
Vve., B'klyn. 

mill Israel Aashel 

1414 Webster Ave. 
X. Membership: 40. 

capacity: 450. Pres., 
nbergr, 1260 Findlay 
ec'y, J. Suffrln, 669 
•nt P'kway. 
friTf Samael, Pres. 
•srath Israel Anshei 
1414 Webster ATe.), 
912. Term 1 year. 
74 in Russia. Came 
S. 1904. Received 
1 education. Mferr. 
id brass chains: 3rd 
id 10th St. College 

L Res.: 1260 Find- 



Slevel Aasliel 

r. 165 Allen St. Or- 

Org. 1907. Mem- 

100. Seating capa- 



city: 76. Cemetery. Pres., 
Marcus Bntmacher, 68 B. 1st 
St. Sec'y» Elias Kaner, 8SS 
B. 6th St 

Batauicheiv Mare«sb Pres. 
Cong. Fannie Siegel Anshei 
Berlader (166 Allen St), 
since 1907. Term 6 montha 
Born 1866 in Raumania. 
Came to U. S. 190S. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Printer. Rea: 68 B. 1st St 

First Aastro Heagartaa Bcfth 
flholoai, 28 Sumner Ave., 
B'klyn. Orthodox. Org. 1907. 
Membership: 80. Seating 
capacity: 550. Sunday School, 
Ladles' Auxiliary, Cemetery, 
Study. Pres., Louis Shoen, 
292 Throop Ave., B'klim. 
Sec'y, Joseph Rltter, 88 La- 
fayette St., B'klyn. Rabbi, 
Dr. Slgrmund Abeles, 196 
Vernon Ave., B'klyn. 

First Broder B'aal Brith AasPa, 

209 B. 2nd St Orthodox. 
Org. 1897. Membership: 160. 
Seating capacity: 800. Sick 
Benefit, Insurance, Free 
Loan, Cemetery. Pres., J. 
Schochet, 1115 Clay Ave. 
Sec'y, A. J. Sliver. 71 B. 7th 
St. 

Sehoehet, J.« Pres. Eirst 
B r o d e r B'nal Brith Ass'n 
(209 B. 2nd St), since 1916. 
Term 1 year. Born 1870 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1885. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Mfgr. leather 
goods, 181 Mercer St Res.: 
1115 CJlay Ave. 

First Cong, of B^nal David 
Aashel Rodoaitsselei, 1 W. 



nOMMITNAI. REOnTEIt 



llllb 8l Onhodoi. um 
1887. Membership: 75. Seac- 
ing eapactty: SDO. Slclf 
Beneflt, Cemetery. Prea., L. 
Barnett, IS £}. Illth St. 
S«o'y, M. Kaufmnn, 18 E:. 
llllh SC 

flrnt Coiir- B'nat Knbbl David 



18»7. Memburi 



100. 



Ine capacity: IZD, Inaur- 
anco. Free Loan. Cemetery, 
Fres.. Sam Sargln. IS8 Film 



Meyer A 



Beneflt. Insurs 
lery. Prei., Isidore E 
TS5 E. 191st St. Be 
Role, 345 E. 3rd St. 
Brnder, laldor. Prei. 
Buoiacxor Chevrab ( 
Znd St.): Etected 1»17. 
6 monlhs. Born If 
Auatrla. Came to U. 8 
Received general J e 
and secular education 
ter. Res.: lib B. ISI 

Fim Dobraailler K. tj. 

Columbia St. Or thi 
Org-. 1890. Membershl 
Seating capacity: 320. 
Benelll, Free Loan, 

1382 &th Ave. Sec' 
Sacher. 72 Columbia i 
'Cb, SoloBiaB, 




OONORibllAriONt 



IM 



auok 0«wlrts, 869 
It. Rabbi. David 
49 B. 4th St 
• l o a , Pres. Cong, 
dan Duokler Mog- 
ftm (87 Attorney 
ed 1917. Term 1 
n 1867 In Aostrla. 
general Jewish 
Palnta. Rea.: 864 



auiaa Coaareini'ii 
lie ObftTel TMab, 

id St. Orthodox. 
Uemberahlp: 60. 
padty: 100. Pre*., 
lenberger, 861 B. 
Sec'y, Alexander 
)9 E. ^8th St 
M. Klein. 416 E. 



tr» Morris, Free, 
iffarian Cong, of 
Dhavei Torah (885 
;t.). elected 1917. 
onths. Born 1886 
y. Came to U. S. 
wear mfgr. Res.: 
St 

irlam Cons. Ohab 
W. 116th St Or- 
rg. 1878. Member- 
Seating capacity: 
i Benefit Hebrew 
Isterhood, Ceme- 
y. Prea. Moritz 
114 W. 180th St 
Berllnar, 66 W. 
Rabbla: Dr. PhUip 
W. 119tb 3t, Dr. 
lan. 128 W. 12l8t 
ich: 171 Norfollc 

imwUm, Pres. First 



Hungarian Con. Ohab Zedek 
(18 W. 116th St), since 1897. 
Bom In Hungary. Gams to 
U. S. 1877. Reoelvsd gsneral 
Jewish education. I^eathsr: 
804 Pearl St Res.: 114 W. 
llOth St 

First lad. MlkaUuer Slek B. 

A., 814 B. 8nd St. Orthodox. 
Org. 1900. Membership: 186. 
Seating capacity: 160. In* 
surance, Siclc Benefit Ceme- 
tery. Pres., Nathan Ramer, 
190 B. 2nd St. c|o Ooldsteln. 
Seo'y, H. Regen. 861 B. 4th 
St 

FIrfit Klshlnever CoBg.» 66 B. 

4th St Orthodox. Org. 1907. 
Membership: 108. Seating 
capacity: 500. Sick Benefit 
Free Loan. Bilcur Cholim, 
Cemetery. Pres., Isaac Mer- 
Ims, 84 Delancey St. Sec*y. 
J. Trogerman. 456 E. 176th 
St. Rabbi: Joseph SechUer, 
216 E. Houston St 
Merlms, Isaac, Pres. First 
Kishinever Cong. (66 E. 4th 
St), since 1915. Term 1 
year. Born 1864 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1918. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Oents' Furnishings: 76 Riv- 
ington St Res.: 84 Delancey 
St 

First l«mbcrger Cbevrah An- 
shcl Ashkenas, 150 Attorney 
St Orthodox. Org. 1898. 
Membership: 80. Seating ca- 
pacity: 100. Sick Benefit. 
Free Loan, Cemetery, Study. 
Pres.. Philip Wagen. 288 E. 
4th St. Sec'y, Max Knapper. 
76 Cannon St 



COHUUNAL 



WasPB, Philip, Pre*. First 
Lemberger Chevrah Anshel 

Aahketiaz (ISO Attorney St,), 
elected 1917. Term 6 

months. Born 1872 In Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 18»7. 
Received Kenerat Jewish 
education. Painter. Res.: 
aS3 E. 4th St. 

Pint Llufllh llsiedek .Inahel 
Potok-ZlotB, GO Clinton St. 
Orlhodoi. Org. 1899. Mem- 
bership: 110. Sealing ca- 
pacity: ZSD. Sick Benelll. 
Free Loan, Cemetery. Pres., 
Abraham Baruch Mltzcl- 
macher, 707 B. 6th St. Sec'y, 
Ben Zlon Held, 21 Ist Ave. 
Mltielmnchcr, AbraliBID Ba- 
rnch. Pres. First Linalb 
Haiedek Anshel Potok- 
Zlotz (BO Clinton St,), since 
1912, Tern 



COBC Xtnt MaUlb 

Columbia St. Orth 

I91Z. Membership 



Klelnman. 629 E. 
Sec'y, X.. HameruK 
Cannon St. 



olumbla St.), elet 
erm 6 months. I 
1 Russia. Came t 



Rlvington St. 
Ore'- I9BS. MEmberi 
Seating capacity: 
Chollm, Cemetery. 
Nathan Harlsteln, g3 
Seey. Israel Gotcfrle. 




ooNomiAXKnre 



aoi 



'enn f months. E[om 
Austria. Came to 
>3. Received ireneral 
and secular educa- 
loaks and sulU: 120 
St Res.: 2904 At- 
▼e., B'klyn. 



ibM lleMs Abbe* 87 

it. Orthodox. Ors. 
lembership: ^0. 
capacity: 90. Pres.. 
Schiff. 46 Ave. D. 
I . Woltsman, 1 S 4 
a St. 

Herrfla. Pres. First 
her Cherrah Knal 
OSes Abbe (87 Rldgre 
ice 1916. Term 6 
Bom 1881 in Aus- 
ame to U. 8. 1901. 
i general Jewish 
n. Tailor. Res.: 46 



ler AM 8oe^ 15S Suf- 

Orthodoz. Orgr. 

Cembership: 90. 

capacity. 100. Sick 

Cemetery. Pres., 

venthaL Sec'y, Bar- 

nsold. 699 E. 138th 



Iret Ostrer Obeb 

ISS Endridsre St 
X. Orgr. 1896. Mem- 
: 125. Seating capac- 
Sick Benefit Ceme- 
E^res., Isadore Fein, 
1 Brunt St, B'klyn. 
Charles Fortus, 248 
St 

■•■Mr Cos«^ S7 St 
PI. Orthodox. Org. 



1 9 S.. Membership: 1 2. 
Seating capacity: 200. Sick 
Benefit Insurance* Ceme- 
tery. Pres.. Paul Moshkow- 
sky; 110 St Mark's PI. 
Seo'y. Abraham Flshman, 
816 ^E. 161st St 
MMhkowBky, Pa«l» Pres. 
First Radomer Cong. (17 St. 
Marks PL), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1865 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1901. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Mfgr. chil- 
dren's clothes: 119 W. 2Srd 
St Res.: 110 St Marks PI. 

First Sokolover Cong. Aaakel 
Tesher, 144 Ooerck St Or- 
thodox. Org. 1808. Mem- 
bership: 180. Seating ca- 
pacity: 360. Cemetery. 
Study. Pres., Marcus Satler, 
265 Rivington St. Sec'y. 
Max Karpf, 184 Cannon St. 
Satler, Marcas, Pres. First 
Sokolover Cong. A n s h e 1 
Tosher (144 Ooerck St), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Bom 186*4 in Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1899. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Dry 
goods: 264 Rivington St. 
Res.: 265 Rivington St. 

First Soadowa Wlssala 8ee« 
62 Pitt St Orthodox. Org. 
1908. Membership: 60. Seat- 
ing capacity: 200.- Sick 
Benefit. Insurance, Ceme- 
tery. Pres.. Joseph 
Schwarts, 66 Wlllet St 
Sec'y, I. Shwammer, 170 
Rivington St 

Sekwarts, Joseph. Pres. 
First Sondowa Wissnla Soc. 



Attorney St. Orthodox. Org. 
1897. Membership: 60. Seat- 
ing capacity: 100. Cemetery. 
Pres. Hlrach J. Schnopper. 
49 Clinton St. Sec'y, Max 
Scliechter, 86 Attorney St „ 

SciUiopper, Ulrsek J^ Pres. 
First Trembovler K .U. V. 
(86 Attorney St.), elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
187S In Austria. Came to 
U. 8. 1900. Received general 
Jewish and secular educa- 
tion. Furrier. Res.: 49 Clinton 
St 

FInrt Uaiuier Coav., 66 Orch- 
ard St Orthodox. Org. 
1907. Membership: 60. 
Seatingr capacity: 66. Ceme- 
tery. Pres., Nathan Forman, 
S16 Broome St Sec'y, Abr. 
Kaufman. 226 B. 99th St 
ronaan, Ifathan, Pres. First 
Umaner Cong. (66 Orchard co 
St), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1880 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. 8. 1906. 
Received general Jewish 
sducation Jeweler: 94 
Chrystie St. Rph.; si a 



nOWWIBttlTlONt 



SOB 



rto. Gum to U. a 190t. 
iFed fMieral •duoation. 
L Rm.: I4i H Houston 



111 

) St. Ortbodox. Orff. 
Memborship: IM. Seat- 
apaclty: SCO. Sick 
It, Insurance. F r e e ^ 
B • Cemeltory, Study. 

Chas. Ilermalln, S14 
BTton St. 8€c'7 and 
, -Zalol Rosen. 12S Riv- 
1 St. 
altet Cftarles* Pres. 

Zboraver Ck>nff. (US 
:e St), elected 1917. 
6 months. Born 1883 
istrla. Came to U. 8. 
Received general JeW' 
nd secular education, 
actor: 827 Broadway. 
214 Rivinffton St 

4mmmn AhaTsth Acklm. 

Etidffe St Orthodox. 
892. Membership: 115. 
Iff capacity: 250. Sick 
It Free Loan. Ceme- 
Study. Pres.. Nathan 
:er. 102 Suffolk St 
Louis Friedman. 233 
on St 

rcr. Blathaa* Pres. First 
ter Ahavath A c h i m 
(112 Ridffe St): 
ted 1917. Term 6 
ths. Born 1871 in 
ia. Came to U. S. 1800. 
red general Jewish 
tlon. Res.: 102 Suf- 
It 



estb St What shall 



be the place of tba Syna^ 
ffOffuo in the modem life 
has nc^er been a question 
so warmly debated as It is 
to-day. Should it devote 
itself exclusively to the 
fosterinff of the formal re- 
ligious life of the J«w. or 
should it take a more 
active and affsnresslve part 
in Jewish Communal af- 
fairs of to-day. as well as 
in those of the ffeneral 
community. The Free Syn- 
asoffue. organised In 1897. 
havingr to-day. a member- 
ship of approximately 1100, 
has attempted to answer 
this vital question by insti- 
tuting: a series of activi- 
ties througrh which it 
brlngrs home its distinctive 
messagre to all those whom 
it Is able to reach — the mes- 
sagre of ancient Judaism In 
terms of modern social 
service andyCivlc life. 

The SynaffOffue conducts 
services on Sunday morn- 
Ingrs at C^rneffle Hall, the 
pulpit being occupied ater- 
nately by the Rabbi of the 
Free Synagogue, and prom- 
inent laymen of the Jewish 
and the Non-Jewlsh com- 
munities. The Synagogue 
maintains branches at Clin- 
ton Hall, 151 Clinton St 
and Hunts Ft Palace. 163rd 
St. and So. Boulevard, at 
which Friday evening ser- 
vices are held. For the 
training of the youth a re- 
ligious school is conducted 
with a special Bible class 
tn eaoh of the braaohea 



COMUUNAL 



A aitecUl f*atur« of tha 
work o( tbe Synasocuv "i' 
its Department it Social 
Service, tha major 
lie* of which are co-opers' 
tlon wltb the Medical Social 
Service Depart! 
J e w 1 B b nnd Non-Jewlst 
Hoeplta,lB, In the aocla: 
care ot the ilck, and train - 
Infc claBiea In voluntet 
■odal aarvlce. Special eon- 
[erencei and (orumB and 
vital social problema are 
alao conducted a> part of 
the work of this depart- 
manL The offlceri of the 
Free Synasoffue are: Prca., 
Henry Morgenthau: Sec'y, 
Frederlch L. OuKKenhelm, 
36 W. 68th St. Rabble, 
Stephen S. Wise, 23 W. SOlli 
St.; Sidney 
W. asth St. 



In the deTelopmeii 
Bronx and other 
dlatrlcU ot Naw T 
He Is afflUated wltl 
ber ot' great res 
companlea, anch ae 
Realty Bond and 1 
Henry Morgentha 
pany. and Herald 
Realty Co. 
Mr. Morgentbau 



lolltlci 



He f 



1 of the Plnanc 
mlttee of the IX 
National Commltte 
Preatdentlal cam pi 
1H2 and 1(16. 
In 19ia Mr. Morgen 
appointed Amerlcai 
BBdor to Turkey. 



The 




oONoita^kiuniB 



206 



of the fury of the 
1916 Mr. Morffen- 
Igmed his post and 
America to help^in 
palgrn for ''the re- 
*f President Wilson, 
enthau has always 
rery lively interest 
I affairs. He is the 
: of the Free Syna- 
d a Director of Mt. 
ipltaL He is inter- 
all work that is 
'alestlne. He Is also 
mlnently connected 
ef work. 

;hasodlm Aashel 

45 Division St. Or- 
Org. 1904. Member- 
Seating capacity: 
:k Benefit, Free 
3 m e t e r y . Prea., 
lolnick. 16 Eldridge 
', Max Hilfman. 709 

Phlltp, Pres. Gem- 
lasodim A n s h e 1 
246 Division St.). 
917. Term 1 year. 
5 in Russia. Came 
1904. Received 
Jewish education. 
319 Grand St. 
Bldridgre St. 

latk Chctw4 ICU. V.. 

ion St. Orthodox. 
Membership: 80. 
».pacity: 668. Sick 
ikur Cholim, Cemc- 
idy. Pres., Jacob 
» Lewis St. Sec'y. 
Ia Riff, 62 Cannon 
1, Louis Goldberger. 
ISt. 



Jaeob' Fe4er, Pres. Gemllath 
Chesed K. U. V. (100 Can- 
non St.)» since 1916. Term 
6 months. Born 1866 in 
Hungary. Came to U. S. 
1886. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Shochet. Res.: 
85 Lewis St 

Coav. Glelgeshndler V. V^ 8V 

Norfolk St. Orthodox. Org. 
1918. Membership: 86. 
Seating capacity: 100. 
Cemetery. Pres., Sam Ros- 
enberg. 30 Norfolk St Seo'y, 
Benj. Rosenberg, 160 Clinton 
St 

Roseaberg, Sam, Pres. Cong. 
Gleigeshudler U. V. (80 
Norfolk St), elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1866 
In Russia. Came to tT. S. 
1909. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 30 Nor- 
folk St 

Gloganer Verb rndervngs 
Verein, 328 E. Houston St. 
Orthodox. Org. 1898. Mem- 
bership: 46. Seating capac- 
ity: 100. Cemetery. Pres.. 
Hyman Rengel, 210 Stanton 
St Sec'y. Asias Braunsteln. 
264 Rlvlngton St 

Globoker Cong., 9 Rutgers St. 
Orthodox. Org. 1911. Mem- 
bership: 18. Seating capac- 
ity: 100. Sick Benefit In- 
surance, Free Loan, Malblsh 
Arumlm, Bikur C h o 1 1 m , 
Cemetery, Study. Pres., Da- 
vid Watskan. 709 B. 5th St 
Sec'y. Z. Adelson, 394 Grand 
St 

Watskan, David, Pres. Glu- 
boker Cong. (9 Rutgers St), 



OOUMUNAI. 



■Inoa me Term « rooDtha 
Bora 1ST» In RuBsIa, Came 
to U. S. 1909. Received gext- 



larael 



UFbnw l^asniF. IH B. B'way 
OrthodoE. Org. 1904. tietn- 
bershlp: 150. Seating ca- 
pucUy; i;G. Benevolent Soc. 
Study. Pres., BenJ. Koenlga- 
berg, tS Pitt St. Secy. S 



Hebrew League (2 
way). Hlnca 191S. Ttr 
ar. Born L£S4 In Au 

Came to U. 



rhfTrah Helv of I 

IlBBlaoir. 147 Atton 

Orthodox^ OrR, ISSe. 
berahip: 6£. Seating 
Uy: SOU. Cemetery. 
Tobias Paas. 67 WU 
Sec'y, Mm Reich. 84 
St. 

B^aa, Tnblaa, Pros, t 
IIpIp of Israel Ansba 
low <14T Altorne 




OOWOBMATIONI 



907 



lOlt Qarrlson 
Avu Orthodox. Ors. 191C. 
Vcabenhlp: SOO. Boatinff 
eipaclty: SOO. Hebrew 
SeliooU Malbish Ahimlm. Sis- 
terhood, Brothorhood. Pros.. 
BuBiiel Saflor, SSO Mantda 
8t SMs'y, Max Zoiffler. 1019 
OtrrisoB 8t 



B. Srd 8t 
Orthodox. Org, 1S7S. Mom- 
htnhlp: ISO. Soatlnff capac* 
itjr: 4Sf . Sick Boneflt, Come- 
ttry. Pros., Louis Fox, 199 
Ketp SL, B'klyn. Soo'jr, 
Unis Rubowsky, 46 Reld 
Ave^ B'klyn. Rabbi. L Es- 
tenon. SI WiUett St 

VH, LobIs, Pres. Ind. Chev- 
rth Chochmath Adam Ml- 
PUnsk (OS E. Srd St), since 
1911. Term 1 year. Born 
lt7l In Russia. Came to U. 
&• 1S92. Received irsneral 
Jewish education. Manu- 
C^arer, 67S Metropolitan 
Af«^ B*klyn. Res.: 199 Keap 
St. BlUyn. 

^ CboTrak RakM Meir 
r^acaystow«r, SS Pitt St. 
Orthodox. Ors. 190S. Mem- 
bership: to. Seating capac- 
ity: ISO. Sick Benefit Free 
Uii^ Brotherhood, Sister- 
hood, Blkur Cholim Soc. 
Onaetery. Pros.. Simcha 
ShUtiB, 171 DeUnoey St 
SeoTy. L Peld, S41 E. Srd St 
nuitiB, SIflicha, Pres. Ind. 
Chtvrah Rabbi MeIr Pnemy- 
Hower (SO Pitt St), elected 
1917. Term montha Borti 



187S in Austria. CaaM to 
U. B. 191S. ReoelTod swi* 
oral Jewish and aaoular 
education. Res.: 171 X>e* 
lancey St 

Imi. COB«. Acfetai MMrMt^kmwTt 

4S Attorney St Orthodox. 
Orff. 1901. Membership^ S9. 
Seating capacity: 100. 
Cemetery. Pros., Morris 
Hlller, SS Suffolk St SeO'y, 
Charles Greeaberir* 416 
Grand St 

tad. Gwosdateeerw 116 RiTlnf- 
ton St Orthodox. Org. 
1900. Membership: 110. 
Seating capacity: ISO. Sick 
Benefit, Life Insurance. 
Cemetery. Pres., Ab. Green- 
berg. 14*4 Norfolk '&t Sec'y. 
O. Greenberg, 161 Stanton 
St 

Greenberg^ Abraham, Pres. 
Ind. Gwozdzlecer (125 Riv- 
ing t o n St.). since 1918. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1872 
In Austria. Came to U. S. 
1906. Received general 
Jewish and secular educa- 
tion. Fixtures. Res.: 144 
Norfolk St 

lad. Jaryehaover Y. M. B. A., 

90 Columbia St Orthodox. 
Org. 1901. Membership: 73. 
Seating capacity: 160. Ceme- 
tery. Pres., Louis Lacher, 
165 Essex St Sec'y. Max 
Hecht 163 Stanton St 
Lacker, Loals, Pres. Ind. 
Jarychsover Y. M. B. A. (90 
Columbia St.). since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1888 
la Austria. ^Came to U. 8 



COHHUNAIi 



1901. Received general Jew- 



iBd. Knimucr K. v. V^ ISS 

RlTlnKton St. Orthodox. 
Orff. 19O0. Membership: 
126. Seating capacity: 100. 
Sick Bene lit, Blkur Chollm. 
CetDeterf. Pres., Nathan 
Schneider, Si Ave. B. Sec'y, 
M. Demner, tli B. 3d St. 



[b4. KacBHth Israel, 5G Hester 
St. Orthodox. Org. 1905. 
Membership 1 4E0. Seating 
capacity: 21G. Sick Benefit, 
Pree Ijoan, Cemetery. Study. 
Free., Mosea Mlsklnd. 79 
Clinton St. Sec'y, Zavel 
Newman. 308 Henry St. 
MIsklnd. MoHM, Pres. Cons. 



GelfBcr, Max, Prea. 
mayer K. U. V. (l; 
St.). since ISIB. 
months. Born 181 
tria. Came to I 
Received generKl 
education. Res.: 
folk St. 

Ind. Koalicr Bateki 

«■> AWn, lOS : 
Orthodox. Membi 
Seating capacity: 
Benefit. Pres., W 
lowaky. Sec'y, 
kovltch, ISfl Col' 
Rabbi, Joseph Ua 
Monroe St. 

In«. Ottyner Pamlly 

SB Attorney St. 
Oic 190G. Mumb. 
Seating capacity: 
Benefit, Free Loi 




OONiffiBOATIONS 



209 



The central idea of the In- 
stitutional SynaffOffue Is 
that the Synaffogrue of to- 
day moat become the Jew- 
ish community center 
which It was in former 
mriods of Jewish history. 
It must be not only a house 
of worshi]^ but must gather 
under Its roof all forms of 
communal activities, rans- 
inf from the relief of the 
poor to the recreation and 
education of the youth. 

The Institutional S y n a- 
SOfQe has accordingly en- 
coonged the organisation 
of a T. M. H. A., and con- 
ducts a religious school, 
and a synagogue ^ under 
one roof; conducts weekly 
fonims at the Mount Mor- 
rti Theatre, 116th St. and 
5th Ave., on Sunday morn- 
Ififi. The officers are: 
^fH., Isaac Siegel. 104 E. 
lUth St.; Sec'y. Maxwell L. 
Sacks. 351 E. 77th St.; Ex- 
ecutive Head, Rabbi Her- 
t«rt a Goldstein. 1893 7th 
A?a 



9lcgrl, iMuie, Pres. Insti- 
tutional Synagogue (112 W. 
n«th St), elected 1917. 
Term 1 year. Born 1880 in 
n. 8. Received public school 
education. Representative in 
Congress. Lawyer: 51 Cham- 
bers St Res.: 104 E. 116th 
8t 

''••tie larael ef Harlem, 205 
Unox Ave. Reformed. Ser- 
"^on English. Org. 1880. 
^^Bbershlp: 138. Seating 



capacity: 1500. Cemetery. 
Pres.. Daniel P. Hays, 116 
B'way. Sec'y, David Liv- 
ingstone, 205 W. 112th St 
Rabbi, Maurice H. Harris, 
264 W. 103d St 

Hays, Daniel P., Pres. Tem- 
ple Israel of Harlem (206 
Lenox Ave.), since 1892. 
Term 1 year. Born 1864 in 
U. S. Received college and 
legal education. Lawyer: 115 
Broadway. 



Temple Israel of IVashlairtoB 
Heights, 687 W. 181st St 
Conservative. English Ser- 
mon. Org-. 1914. Member- 
ship: 30. Seating capacity: 
275. Sunday School; Ladies' 
Auxiliary; Young Polks* 
League. Pres. Gustave 
Flalla, 803 W. 180th St 
Sec'y, B. Horowitz. 6 Pine- 
hurst Ave. 

Flalla, GuMtave, Pres. Tem- 
ple Israel of Washington 
Heights (587 W. 181st St), 
elected 1917. Term 1 year. 
Born 1878 In Germany. 
Came to U. S. 1893. Attended 
hiprh school in Germany. 
Wholesale Liquors: 86 9th 
Ave. Res.: 803 W. 180th St 



Ind. Shoboshlner Conir., 90 
Columbia St Orthodox. 
Org. 1911. Membership: 65. 
Seating capacity: 400. Ceme- 
tery. Pres., Abraham Beg- 
leiter. 473 B. Houston St 
Sec'y, Hyman Welnhlatt 76 
Columbia St. 



COMHUNAL RaaiBTEB 



f K. U. V^ 17 Ave. 
A. Orthodox, Org. 1302. 
Membership: 1ST. Seating 

capacity; 100, Sick BeneOt, 
Insurance, Cemetery, Prea., 
Morris Mlntier, 62 Marcy 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, Wm. 
Hornick, 370 MlUer Ave., 
B'klyo. 

HtatBBr, HorrU. Pres. 
JsfMl&lcier K. U. V. (17 
Are. A), elected 1917, Born 
1871 In Austria. Came to 
U. B. IS 93, Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular 
education. Cleaning and 
dyeing: 40G Qrand 8t. Res.^ 
bi Marcy Ave.. B'klyn. 



KeUllnta Krdoaha ot Jan- 
nlna. 98 Porsyth St. Ortho- 
dox, Org. 1916. ScBllriK ca- 
pacity: SOO. Pres,, Chalm S, 



Bruckner, lis W. U; 
BraekBer, Morrla, Prt 

OBlower Cong., K. U. 
Attorney St.), electe<: 
Term G months. Bor 
In aallcla. Came to 
I»02. Reoelved g 
Jewish education, 
dealer. Res.: 161 RM 

lamni flouBUiBlaii Bol 
CoBR^ 1T4 E, Uoust> 

Orthodoi. Org. 1908. 

Pres- Samuel OoldatBl 
E. Houston St. Seo'i 
Jah Elsman, ISO E. It 
Goldatcln. Hamnel, 

Jassy Roumanian Bol 
Cong. (176 B. HouBto 

Born In Roumanla. 
celved general Jei 



Palnl 



212 




00NGBB0AT10N8 



21J 



J*«hHitk J«c«b AMBkcl Hora- 

4n«r» SOS Henry St. Ortho- 

doz. Orff. 1902. Member- 

■hlp: 144. SeatlnsT capacity: 

200. Sick Benefit, Free Loan, 

Sliterhood, Cemetery, Study. 

Pres., B. Dubin. 9 B. 107th 

St 8ec'7. X Kaplansky, 187 

CUntonSt. 

DiMb, Baraett, Pres. J'shu- 
ath Jacob Anshel Horo- 
dcser (SOS Henry St.), alnce 
U17. Term 1 year. Born 
USI in Rnsala. Came to U. 
& 1901. Received public 
•diool education. Butcher: 
) B. 107th St. Res.: 9 E. 
l«7th St 

^««S. J^shvath Jacob Anahei 
"^wkew, S8 Willett St. 
Orthodox. Orff. 1916. Mem- 
benhip: ISO. SeaUns ca- 
Atdty: SSO. Free Loan. Bi- 
inir Cholim Soa, Cemetery. 
Stody. Pres., Jacob W. Bne- 
m&Q, SI Willett St. Sec'y, 
Manet Suaakind, 82 Sheriff 
St 



Jacob W^ Pres. 
J'shuath Jacob Anshel Kra- 
kow (58 Willett St.), since 
ltl6. Term 6 months. Born 
1970 in Austria. Came to 
U. & 1900. RecelTod general 
Jewish education. EgrfiTs. 
R«a: SI Willett St. 

Ckevmk Jv«ak maM Israel, S2 
Rutgers St Orthodox. 
Hembership: 700. Seating 
capacity: 480. Ladies' Soc. 
Aek Benefit, Cemetery, 
Btvdy. Prea. and Rabbi, 
Louis Lasarow, 963 Kelly 



St Sec'y, Rev. U. I'lotkln, 
126 North 4th St.. B'klyn. 
Lasarow, Lonis, Pres. Chev- 
rah Judah and Israel (SS 
Rutgers St), since 1918. 
Born 1870 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1900. Studied at 
Voloshlner Yeshivah. Res.: 
968 Kelly St. 

Beth Hak'ncMieth Kapoller 

U. v., 12 Eldrldge St Ortho- 
dox. Org. 1886. Member- 
ship: 276. Seating capacity: 
S40. Sick Benefit. Insurance, 
Free Loan, Cemetery. Pres.. 
Abraham Smith. 10 Bldridge 
St Sec'y. Abraham Sedof- 
sky, 80 E. 7th St. 
Smith, Abraham, Pretf. Beth 
Hak'ncsseth Kapoller U. V. 
(12 Eldrldge St); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1867 In Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1897. Received education 
In Capuller Yeshivah. Res.: 
10 Eldrldge St 

Karatchiaer Rabin Cherrah, 

102 Attorney St Orthodox. 
Org. 1889. Membership: 103. 
Seating capacity: 365. Free 
Loan, Hebrew School. 
Ladies* Auxiliary. Cemetery, 
Study. Pres.. Mendel Roth, 
219 E. 7th St Sec'y. G. 
Zwebel. 11 Ridge St. 
Roth, Mendel, Pres. Karat- 
chlner Rubin Chevrah (102 
Attorney St), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1870 
in Austria. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
219 E. 7th St. 

CheTrak Kednshath Levy Ml- 
baritshov. 178 Delancey St. 



■ COUmTNAL 



OrthodOK. Org. IB 90. Mem- 

berihip: SO. SeatlnK capac- 
ity: 360. Sick Benefit, Free 
Loan, Slaterhood, Cemetery. 
Prea.. Morris Nathaneon, iH 
South aa St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Meyrr LemQnllc, it» DlTlalon 
St. Rabbi. Samuel Seldener, 
14 Cannon St. 

(OUK. KrUllalh InncI, llfiZ 
Jackson Ave. Orthodox. Org. 
IROG. Uembarahlp; 9S. Seat- 
lnK capacity: 12E. Hebrew 
School. Study, Cemetery, 
PrCB,, J. Dvorkln, 1223 Union 
Ave. Sec'y, I^ulg Gottaall. 
253 W. 89th SI. Rftbbl, Dr. 
E. L. Solumun, 631 E. ISSth 
,St. 

Dvorklii, JnllDB. Pres. Kehll- 
lath Israel (116Z Jackson 
Ave.), since 1911. Term l 



Cnag. KebUUlk JcBkw 

B. Seth St. Ortbodoi 
ISM. Hembenhl 
Seating capacity: 800 
tery. Study. Prea., M 
Fbllllpi, 40 B. Bid St. 
Moaaa S. M a r k o 1 1 
Madtaon Av«. 
PUIMpa, Hoaea HIrae 
Cons. Keblllath J< 
(117 B. astb St.), Bin 
Term 1 year. Born 
Rusala. Came to U. 
Received general J i 
educdtlon. Hfgr. ahlr 
B'way. Rea.: 40 B. B 

K'hal Adath Jeakatn 

Hoe Ave. Ortbodoi 

1914. Membership: Tl 
InK capacity: GOO. 
Cemetery, Sec"y, Mos 
Jamin, lEOO Boston 
pl Fla 




OOKQttBOAtlQNB 



21:1 



don Ifembftrship: 76. Seat- 
^ctpAcity: 460. Cemetery, 
^odr. PrttL, Samuel Bron- 
•nrao,2l E. 124th St Sec'y, 
Kr. Aaronson, 115 E. 113 th 
SL Rabbi. Mr. Pried, 17 W. 
lUth St 

BnacnfaB, 9«aiael. P r e 8 . 
K'hil Adath Jeshurun (63 E. 
llSth St), stnce 1915. Term 
( months. Born 1874 in 
Rnitia. Came to U. S. 1886. 
fitctived general Jewish 
tnd lecalar education. Furs: 
it E. B'way. Kes.: 23 E. 
124th St 

CesSi K'luU Ckaaidlm. 9 Attor- 
ney St Orthodox. Org. 
1114. Membership: 800. 
Seating capacity: 200. 
Unath Hazedek Soc. Ceme- 
terr^tudy. Pres. and Rabbi. 
David H. Twersky. 9 Attor- 
ney St Sec'y. Anshel Ged- 
rtch. S Attorney St 
Twendiy. David M^ Pres. 
Cone. K'hal Chasidlm (9 
Attorney St), since 1914. 
Bora 1888 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1913. Received 
thorough Jewish education. 
R*bbi. Res.: 9 Attorney St. 

'^'ksl Chaaldlm Anshel Knro- 
aHs> U7 Division St Ortho- 
tex. Org. 1893. Member- 
*Up: 90. Seating capacity: 
119. Free Loan* Cemetery, 
Study. Pres.. Aaron Gordon. 
M E. 8rd St Sec'y, David 
GlnsberiT. S5 Rutgers St 
Ciertoa, Aai^a, Pres. K'hal 

Chasidlm Anshel Kuronlts 

(237 Division St), since 1913. 

Ttrm 1 ysar. Born 1876 in 



Russia. Came to U. S. 1906. 
Received general Jewish and 
secular education. Carpen- 
try and painting. Res.: 68 
East 8d St 

CoB«regatloa K*hal Chasidlm 
A a a h e I Raaan. 48 Attor- 
ney St Orthodox. Org. 
1916. Membership: 40. Seat- 
ing capacity: 200. Cemetery. 
Pres., Simon 08terlits,'71 E. 
105th St. Sec'y, Abraham 
Feldman. 192 Henry St 
Rabbi, Abraham J. Rosen- 
thal. 46 Pitt St 
Onterlita, Slmoa, Pres. Chev- 
rah K'hal Chasidlm Anshel 
Kazan (48 Attorney St.), 
since 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1866 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1907. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Em- 
broidery. Res.: 71 E. 106th 
St 

K'aesseth Beth Israel, 347 E. 

12l3t St Orthodox. Mem- 
bership: 32. Seating capac- 
ity: 500. Cemetery, Study. 
Pres., Harry Chalmowltz. 
1486 6th Ave. Sec'y, Mr. 
Sllnkensteln, 427 E. 121st St 
Rabbi, L. Schapiro, 334 E. 
121st St 

Chaimowlts, Harry, Pres. 
K'nesseth Beth fsrael (347 
E. 121st St), since 1907. 
Term 1 year. Born 1874 In 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1893. 
Received fireneral Jewish 
education. Painter: 57 E. 
125th St Res.: 1486 6th Ave. 

Kolbnssower Teltelbanm CoBff. 
B'mal OkalM Maeluiek Rmi- 



OOMHUNAL RB018TBB 



ben, 6Z2 E. Gth St. Orlbo- 
dox. Org. 1S9D. Uorober- 
fhlp: 170. SeatlnK capacity: 
TSE. Insurance, Free Loan, 
Cemetery. PrsB,. LouIb Hy- 
roan, ZOe Stanton St. Sec'y, 
S. Braiinliut. 7S Lewis St. 
Ht^ub. I.oiiIbi Fres. Kolbus- 
lower Teltelbaum Cong. 
Chalm Muchneh Reubm 
E. 6th St.), aince 1916. Term 
6 months. Born 1S6Z In 
Austria, Came (o U. S. 1B97. 
Received ganeral Jewish 
education. Egg dei 
Ridge St. Res.: lOfi Stanti 
St. 



Kol iRBal Anihrl FolDBd, ZO 

Forayth St. Orthodox, Org. 
1SS2. Membership: ISO. 
Seating capacity: S60, In- 
surance, Cemetery. Study. 
Pres.. Israel Levy, 128 St. 



.622 



117 



Orlhodoi. Org, IBOL 
bership: 260. SetttlDg 
Ity: 376. InHuranc* 
tery, Study. Prec, 
Zeldman, 236 B. I 
Sec'y, Jacob Land* 
Van Slcklen Ave., B'l 
ZeldBUB, jBPob, Prea 
enaU Fodolla and i 
Wohlln (53 Attorne 
elected 1917. Term G I 
Born LSGO In Russia, 
to U. S. 1S88. Recelvi 
eral Jewish educatloi 
236 B. Gth St. 

CuiiK- Korelk B'rllk 
S'phBrd. BO Col u ml 
Orthodox. Org. IStl. 
berahlp: E8. Seating 

lly: 120, Life Ins 

KallBh. 29T Rlvlngl 
Beo'y. Morrla Klelni 




00N«»UATI0N8 



215 



itoibenhlp: 4(. Sick Bene- 
<t Gtmetery. Ptm^ Sam 
iMao^ SIS SL 8th St Sec'7. 
J09. Kalter. 686 Hudson 
A?«, Weit N. T^ N. J. 
Inacib taai* Prea. Krako- 
wltitr K. U. y. (10 Ave. D). 
liiiee 1116. Term 6 montha. 
Born 1860 In Aastiia. Came 
to 0. a 1888. Received gen- 
eral Jewlah education. 
Batcher: 807 Ave. B. Res.: 
191 B. 8th St. 

Ckmah Krcshover K. V. Y^ 

10 Colnmbla St. Orthodox. 
Org. 1108. Membership: 60. 
Sick Benefit, Cemetery. 
Prea, Sam Student, 768 E. 
Utth St. Sec'y, Aaron Aps- 
bamn, 6 10 Oak Terrace. 
RabbU Benjamin Trip, 86 
Lewis St. 

StaicBt, Saai, Pres. Chevrah 
Kreshover K. U. V. (90 
Columbia St.). elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1887 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1961. Received greneral 
Jewish education. Knitting:: 
912 E. 146th St. Res.: 768 
& 169th St. 



v. Y^ 130 Columbia 
8t Orthodox. Orgr. 1890. 
Membership: 160. Seating 
etpadty: 75. Sick Benefit. 
Intnrance. Free Loan. Blkur 
Chollm. Cemetery. Study. 
Prea. Sam Price. 841 B. 88d 
St Sec'y, Jacob Ungrer, '443 
£■ Houston St. 

Cherrak L e e h e t k Yosker 
•*kal Herwlta. 817 EL 8th 

Ht. Orthodox. r>rir. 1884. 



Membership: 100. Seating 
capacity: 800. Ladles' Aux- 
iliary, Cemetery. Pres.. 
Mordecai Lintser, 94 Attor- 
ney St. Sec'y, Aaron Swei- 
fach. 259 Sackman St., 
B'klyn. 

lilMtaer» Mordecai* Pres. 
Chevrah Lecheth Tosher 
B'nal Horwits (317 E. 8th 
St.), elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1863 In Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1899. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Res.: 94 Attor- 
ney St. 

Llaatk Haxedek Aaakel Ros- 

dol, 110 Rldgre St. Orthodox. 
Org. 1893. Membership: 65. 
Seating capacity: 200. Sick 
Benefit, Cemetery. Study. 
Pres., Morris Ratner. 134 
Pitt St. Sec'y, Isaac Pater. 
130 Attorney St. 
Rataer, Morriii, Pres. Linath 
Hazedek Anshei Rosdol (110 
Ridgre St.). elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1867 
In Austria. Came to U. S. 
1893. Received greneral 
Jewish^ education. Butter 
and eggs. Res.: 134 Pitt St. 

I 
Llaatk Hasedek Anskel Sakol- 

ka, 193 Henry St. Orthodox. 
Org. 1889. Membership: 100. 
Seating: capacity: 275. Sick 
Benefit, Cemetery. Pres., 
Sam Smith, 804 W. 180th St. 
Sec'y, Meyer Krashewltz. 
795 St. Nicholas Ave. 

Llseasker Anskel 9'pkard, 161 

Lewis St. Orthodox. Org. 
IRDI). M «• m b e r s hip: r.2 



CDHHimAL 



Se<itliiK CBpaclLy; 4 0. 
Cemetery. Pro«.. Jos. 
KonlBBteln, H Ave. C. SeL'y, 
MoBea Horn. T7 Lewis SI. 
Rabbi, L. Welabluro, Sia K 
3rd St. 

KoBlRBtFln, J o ■ F p h . PreB. 
Uienaker Anahel S'pharH 
(163 Lewla St.), alJice 1»16. 
Term { maitths. Born 1SE6 
In Russia. Came to U, S- 
1S9E. Tailor, Rea.; 3B Ave. 



I.abarurr WobllBcr U. V^ 38T 

Grand St. Orthodox. Org. 
1906. Memberahlp: 100. Sick 
BeneDt, Life Inauranee, Free 
Loan, Bikur ChoUm, Ceme- 
tery. Study. Pres.. S, Bhr- 
llfh, 367 So, tni St., B'klyn. 
Sec'y. Solomon Kramer, ir.7 
Sudolk St. 



rauar. Uacbslkcl Tan! 
Senler and WIIbb, SI 

Bon St. Orthodox, Oi 
Membership: ISA. 
capacity; 600, Ladli 
lllary. Cemetery 
PreB., Jacob Smith. 
Broadway, Seo'y, I, 
12 Rulgera PI. Ra» 
Margolin. SO? Monro 
(Branch at 100 W. II 



rornh Aoahpl Senl 
Allju. 100 W. 116th 

hod ox. Org. 1875, 
j: IGO. Seating 
IE. Cemelery. 
M'-yers. 31 1 




217 



rg. Hit. Member- 
SeftUnir oapaclty: 
etery. Pr«i^ Chas. 
T, i ATe. D. Sec'y. 
innr, CS Gannon St. 
r» Ckarlaa* Pres. 
CheYrali B'nal 
t BL Honaton 8L), 
IC Term 1 yaar. 
7 In Auatria. Came 
L 18*7. Received 
Jewish education. 
OS SL 6th St Ree.: 



Received general Jawlah 
and secular education. 
261 Stanton St 



iw B'nal B m c t h 

Pike St Orthodox. 
I. Membership: 30. 
. Pres.. Jacob Alt- 
Rutgrers St. Sec'y, 
eibson, 950 E. 163d 

Jacob, Pres. Marl- 
B'nal Emeth Congr- 
( St), since 1897. 
'^ear. Born 1851 in 
Came to U. S. 1869. 
thorough Jewish 
I. Hosiery and 
it: 66 Walker St. 
tutgers St 



pdhmim K. U. Y- 66 

It Orthodox. Org. 
imbershlp: 110. 
sapaclty: 160. Sick 
lam etery. Pres., 
iatla, 261 SUnton 
r, Aaron Brody. 191 
3t 
nTTla. Prea. Chevrah 

Benjamin Anshel 
K. U. V. (66 Clin- 
since 1216. Term 6 

Bom 1867 In Aus- 
jna to U. 8. 1887. 



Meaaebeni Sloa livflach Art, 

40 Oouvemeur St Orthodox. 
Org. 1904. Membership: iO. 
Seating capacity: 60. Free 
Loan« Cemetery. Pres., 
Jacob Adelson, 866 B. 8rd 8t 
Seo*y, J. Fradkin, 282 Hege- 
man Ave., B'klyn. 
Adelaea* Jaeobt Pres. 
Menachem Zion Nusach Ari, 
(40 Oouvemeur St), since 

1911. Term 1 year. Born 
1862 In Russia. Came to U. 
a 1907. Studied in a Yeshi- 
bah. Retired. Res.: 365 E. 
dd St. 

CoBiT. MsBel BosetB, 81 Colum- 
bia St. Orthodox. Org. 

1912. Membership: 80. 
Seating capacity, 100. Free 
Loan, Cemetery. Pres., 
Jacob Kleinman. 629 B. 12th 
St. Sec'y, L. Hamermann, 
98 Cannon St 

Mesbblsher U. V., 48 Orchard 
St Orthodox. Org. Oct., 
1892. Membership: 100. 
Seating capacity: 800. In- 
surance, Study. Cemetery. 
Pres., Samuel Leib Shustig, 
Sec'y, Naphtall Herts. 
Sbnatig, Samnel * Leib, Pres. 
Meshbisher U. V. (48 Or- 
chard St.), since 1916. Term 
1 year. Born 1832 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1892. Received 
thorough Hebrew education. 

Mesllatb Yesborlm. 9 Rutgers 
PI. Orthodox. Org. 1890. 
Membership: 65. Seating 



lis CM>MHDNAL I 

capacity: IE8. Sick BeneQI. 
Free Loan, L.ife Ins u ranee, 
CeroatBry. Pres., Aaron 
K. Dresner. 266 Henry SI, 
Sec'y. Sam Zurov. HI Madt- 
■OD St. Rabbi, Isaac J. Solo- 
mon, 24S Clinton St. 

Caog. Meallatb YeBhorlm (9 
Rutsera PI.). alDce ISIG. 
Term t roontha. Born 1867 
In Ruaala. Came to U. S, 
18>0. Received general 
Jewish education. Res.: 26fi 
Henry St. 

Chevnii Hldnah Ansliel Hali- 
ovcr ol I'lttand. 203 Henry 
St. Orthodox. Org. 18S7. 



1SI1. Term 6 moniba. 
1S7Z In Russia. Ca 
U. S. ISll. Received i 
Jewish education, t 

Fish. Rea.: StS E. B 

HlBaker Cobe. ft tka 

996 Pox Street. 
dox. Org;. 1916. If 
ship: 50. SeatjQK o> 
EOD. Staterhood, 
I a r a e 1 TanUetsk] 
So. Boulevard. Sec'r 
Terr, 866 Uanlda St. 
Tankletaky, larnal 
Mlnsker Cong;, of th< 
1996 Fox St.). alno 



Tern 

Russia. Came to U. 

Received Kene r al 

Stebblns Ave. Res.: 




OONCBBQATIONB 



219 



itf: 100. Study. Pr6B.» T. 
Bdeliteln, 110 Henry St. 
8tc>. Mr. Dworetflky. 

Bctk Bmk^emteth M 1 ■ h k a n 
Intl. tS E. 110th St. Ortho- 
dox. Membership: 20. Seat- 
inf oftiMieity: 160. Study. 
Prtt.. Abraham Trilling, 
1717 MadUon Ave. Seo'y. 
I Mjrers, 14 B. 117th St. 



rfM, 184 Henry St. Ortho- 
dox. Orp. 191S. Member- 
•hlp: 70. SeatlniT capacity: 
Ml. Study, Cemetery. Pres., 
Aiher Cohen. 188 Henry St. 
Sec'y, J. Krankel. 450 Orand 
St 

C«kea, Aakcfr, Pres. Mlshkan 
Israel Anshel Pruslna (184 
Henry St.), since 1916. Term 
* months. Born 1866 in 
Rnstla. Came to U. S. 1913. 
Studied at a Teshibah. 
Orooer. Res.: 188 Henry St. 



ttikkaa Israel Anskel Snwalk, 
U Henry St Orthodox. OriT. 
1170. Membership: 160. 
ScttlnflT capacity: 1000. In- 
■nrance. Cemetery, Study. 
Pree. Abraham Zubrlnsky, 
U Market St. Sec'y. J. 
DaoowlUh. 268 So. 4th St.. 
BTUyn. 



rp Abrakaai, Pres. 
Mlshkan Israel Anshel 
Snwalk (40 Henry St.). since 
1911. Term 1 year. Bom In 
Russia. Came to U. a 1872. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Real estate. 
Rea: 88 Market St. 



Cherrah Mlshaalotli A sake I 
Berealn, 820 Madison St 
Orthodox. Membership: 66. 
Seatingr capacity: 86. Free 
Loan, Sick Benefit, Ceme- 
tery, Study. Pres.. Max 
Bushlowits, 88 Thatford 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, B. Nach- 
amkln, 269 Henry St. 

Bnshlowlta, Max, Pres., 
Chevrah Mishnaloth Anshel 
Beresln (820 Madison St), 
since 1916. Term 1 year. Born 
1862 In Russia. Came to U- 
S. 1897. Received grenerai 
Jewish education. M f gr r . 
Skirts: 36 W. 22nd St Res.: 
38 Thatford Ave., B'klyn. 

C o B iT • Mishnaloth Chasldel 
Trlsk Umlkarev (269 Broome 
St), Orthodox. Orgr. 1900. 
Membership: 60. Seating 
capacity: 300. Free Loan. 
Study, Cemetery. Pres., Jos- 
eph Rothman. 178 Chrystie 
St Sec'y, Morris Vogrel, 87 
Clinton St. 

Rothman, Joseph, Pres. 
Coner- Mishnaioth Chasidel 
Trlsk Umlkarev (269 Broome 
St), since 1907. Term 1 
year. Born 1863 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1887. Received 
ereneral Jewish education. 
Window plate and mirrors: 
17 Rivington St Res.: 178 
Chrystie St 

Chevrah Minhnaloth Shom*- 
rel Sabbath, 60 Norfolk 8t. 
Orthodox. Ort?. 1915. Mem- 
bership: 200. Seating capac- 
ity: 100. Sick Benefit. Bikur 
Cholim. Cemetery, Study. 



^^B^^^l^^l 


220 COUUDNAL 


BEaiBTBB 


Prai.. Melr Waldenbautn. «* 


eelved ic«neral Jewli 


Pike St, Secy, P. Frieder, 


tatlon, PalnUng: 11 


18 Suffolk St. Rabbi. BUaa 


SI. Kes.: &Z1 Bait 


JalTe. !D7 E. B-way. 




WrldeabBiuB, HcIf, Prea. 


Cbcrnta Hokcb David 


Chevrah Mlahnaloih ahom'- 


Brefc. S Kulgera PI. 


rel Sttbbalh (60 Norfolk St.), 


dox, Memberehlp: S 


■ince ISIB. Term 1 year. 


Ing capacity: 60 Ce 


Burn 1862 In RusaliL. Came 


Pres,. Jacob Green ba 


to U. S. 1902, Rcoclved gen- 


WflBhlnglon Ave. Be 


erul aduoatlon. Retired. 


(Jatkoviti, 125 Henrj 


Rea.; 61 Pike St, 






Chevrata Mojfpn David 


CoB«. M-L«li Hhitlom, ITO E 




lHlh at. Orthodox. Ors, 


Orthodox, Ors. 1S91. 


ISSG. Memberablp: 50. Scat- 


berablp: 60. SeittlnB 


InBcapQclly: 100. Cemetery. 


Ity: 100. Sick Benel 


Study. Prea.. Tale H, Hoff- 


Loan, Cemetery. Prt 


bers. 158 B. I13tli SI. Rec'y. 


Levlne. 206 E, 68lh St 


Joseph Blumeiilhul, 1E61 




Madlaon ve. 




IlDlIberK. Yale H., ITes 




Cong. M'Leah Sholom 1170 


MoB-en David A 




Charuath (B« Suffo 






■ 



OONttBOATIONS 



221 



Itj; MO. Sunday School. 
SitUrhood* Study. Pres.. 
SdifArd R. Cohn. 686 W. 
H9th 8t Bec'y, Henry 
Abela% 610 W. 160th St 
Babbi, A. S. Ansbacher, 561 
W. l(3d St. 

Ctki^ B d vr a r d R^ Pres. 
tfount Nebo Temple (662 
W. 160th St.), since 1911. 
Term 1 year. Born in U. S. 
Received general education. 
Diamonds: 41 Maiden Lane. 
Rbl: 636 W. 149th St. 



Jacob I. LeBowski. SOS W. 
117th St Sec'y. Jacob Vlne- 
bergr, SO B. 118th St Rabbi. 
B. A. Tlntner, S29 W. 97th 
St 

Le Bowskt, Jacob I., Pres. 
Cong:. Mt Zlon (41 W. 119th 
(St), since 1911. Term 1 
year. Born 1866 in Engr- 
land. Came to U. S. 1869. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Insurance Ad- 
juster: 92 William St Res.: 
203 W. 117th St 



Vt. Slaal Aaahel Emetk of 
WaaMiMPt^B Hclskta, 600 W. 

ISlit St Enerlish Sermon. 
Orthodox- Orgr. 1917. Mem- 
bership: 83. Seating: capac- 
ity: 446. Hebrew School. 
Sisterhood. Cemetery, Study. 
Pres., M. J. Rubin, 464 Ft. 
Washington Ave. Sec'y, 
Henry Goldstein. 728 W. 
"Jn St Rabbi. Dr. L. 
ansler. 651 W. 178th St 
BiMa, M. J., Pres. Mt. Sinai 
Anshel Emeth of Washing- 
ton Heights (600 W. 18l8t 
St.), since 1916. Term 1 
year. Bom 1884 in Hungary. 
Cama to U. S. 1887. Re- 
ceived public school eiluca- 
tlon. Mfgr. leather: 606 W. 
B'way. Res.: 454 Ft Wash- 
ington Ave. 

Cess. Mt. Sloa, 41 W. 119th 
St Conservative. English 
Sermon. Org. 1888. Mem- 
bership: 62. Seating capac- 
ity: 700. Hebrew School. 
Sisterhood, Young Folks' 
League. Public Forums. 
Cemetery. Study. Pres.. 



Moshclsker Chevrah Gw 
AHe, 808 E. 8d St. Ortho- 
dox. Org. 1899. Member- 
ship: 110. Seating capaci- 
ty: 60. Sick Benefit, Life 
Insurance, Free Loan, Ceme- 
tery. Pres.. Marcus Ban- 
wolf. 510 E. 5th St Sec'y, 
Bernard Rosenberg, 22 
Ridge St 

M'vakNhet Sholom A n « li e I 
MolodedBBer, 9 Rutgers Pi. 
Orthodox. Org. 1886. Mem- 
bership: 60. Seating capac- 
ity: 60. Insurance, Free 
Loan, Cemetery. Pres., M. 
Gluckman, 206 W. 28th St. 
Sec'y, J. Glass, 3S Mont- 
gomery St. 

Giackmaii, M o r r 1 n , Pres. 
M'vakshei Sholom Anshet 
Molodedzner (9 Rutgers PI.), 
since 1913. Term 1 year. 
Born 1891. Came to U. S. 
1891. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 206 W. 
28th St. 

M'vaseretii Zlon. 281 K. 4th 
St Orthodox Org. 1914. 



IXIMHUNAL 



MamberBhIp; it u . Seatto 
o & P a c 1 t y : go. InauraQci 
Cemetery. Prea., Loul 
Rothenberg, IDE So. Sth . 
B'klyn. Sec'y, H, Noilch. 
E, 7tti St. 

RnlbeBberK, L a n I ■ , Pi 

M'vassereCb Zlon (281 E. ' 

St.). Bince 1S16. Terra 

mths. Born ISTG In Ri 



Bla. 



ReoBlvad general J e 



CheTnta H'aadKtk Zlon I 
JOBkna Charlir, 87 Rldga 

St. Orthodoi. OrK. 1902. 
MemberBhlp: 60. Seating 

PreB., Samuel Schlndelhelm, 
llfl Cannon St. Sec'v, M. 
Rothenberg. 
SeblBdelhelm, San. Prea. 



motitha. Born 1171 Ii 
Bla. Cams to U. S. 
Received g e n e r a 1 . 

Crotona Ave. 

meTrata Naebal luae D 

aon. OrthQdoi. Org 
Memberehlp: SO. 8 
capacity: 13 0. Cen 
frea,. Jacob FelDataln 
lUth St. Sec-y, My 
Kaplan, 60 W. 116i 
iHranch of I2S Farayl 
FelnatelB, Jacob, 
Chevrah Nachal leaai 
stiel Tov of Harlem 
Uadlaon Ave.), since 
Term i tnonthB. Bon 
ID Kusala. Cama to 
ISSS. Received general 
Ish education. Retired. 




OONffiKBOATIONB 



223 



^vibip: 110. Seating cai»ac- 
ity.'tOO. Ladles' Auziliary. 
Ctfflttary. Study. Pres.. 
fiVBtt Levy* 249 W. 112th 
St Seo'y, George Rubin, 6 
W. llith St. Rabbi, M. A. 
KapUn, S2 W. 117th St 
l4vy, Baimett* Pres. Cong. 
Naeiilath Z'ri (66 B. 109th 
8t). since 1»16. Term 1 
7Mr. Bom 1861 in Russia. 
Cunt to U. a 1874. Re- 
cced ireneral Jewish edu- 
ettlon. SUks: 144 W. 47th 
St Rea: 249 W. 112th St. 

CMf. Na^lath Vrt B^aal 
I • r • e 1 LlMMtk Hasedek 
Vul Heaasheh, 289 B. 4th 
St Orthodox. Org. 1897. 
Hembershlp: 220. Seating: 
capacity: 600. Cemetery. 
Prea.. Nathan Amsel, 283 
SUnton St. Sec'y. D. Muller. 
740 B. 9th St. Rabbi. L. 
Roie, 153 Suffolk St. 
Aaael, Ifatkan, Pres. Cong. 
Nachlath Z'vl B'nai Israel. 
LI oath Hasedek B'nai 
Vanasheh (289 E. 4th St.). 
•lected 19 17. Term 6 
months. Born 1867 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1903. 
Received general Jewish 
«<iucatlon. Res.: 283 Stan- 
ton St. 

■crTndd Aukd I^vkaskeT, 9 

Antgers St. Orthodox. Org. 
Ull. Membership: 80. Seat- 
iSK oaiMudty: 76. Sick Bene- 
8t Ladles' Soc Cemetery. 
Prea, Louis Goldstein, 49 
Rntgers St. Sec'y, J. Back- 
•nnan, 22 Scammel St. 
GeMstela, lievls, Pres. Ner 
Tomid Anshel Lubashov (9 



Rutgers St), elected 1917. 
Term 1 year. Born 1874 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1903. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Painter. Res.: 
49 Rutgers St. 

€•■«• Netsach Israel B'nal 
Jaeob* 1049 Prospect Ave. 
Orthodox. Org. 1908. Mem- 
bership: 80. Seating capac- 
ity: 450. Ladies' Auxiliary. 
B 1 k u r Chollm. (^emetery. 
Study. Pres., Hyman Wein- 
berg, 1066 Boston Rd. Sec'y, 
H. Ldeberman. 981 Simpson 
St. Rabbi, S. Zipkowits, 
1011 Union Ave. 
WelMberg, Hyman, Pres. 
Cong. Netsach Israel B'nai 
Jacob (1049 Prospect Ave.), 
since 1914. Term 1 year. 
Bom 1865 in Russia. (}ame 
to U. S. 1900. Received gen- 
eral education. Retired. 
Res.: 1065 Boston Road. 

New People's Syn., 161 Clinton 
St. Orthodox. Org. 1913. 
Membership: 100. Seating 
capacity: 800. Insurance. 
Bikur Chollm, Cemetery. 
Pres., Abraham Alexander. 
636 E. 6th St. Sec'y. B. 
Okun. 160 E. B'way. Rabbi. 
I. J. Estersohn. 80 Willett 
St. 

Alexander, Abraham, Pres. 
New People's Synagogue 
(161 Clinton St.). since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1866 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1905. Received s'micha at 
Suvalker Yeshibah. Ladies' 
waists: 10 Avenue B. Res.: 
636 E. 6th St. 



COMMUNAL REOIBTER 



Hi WasHliiKton 
Org. 1S08. 
Memberelilp: it. Seating 
capaclt}': dOO. LaiSleB' Aux- 
iliary. Blkur Cholim. Cemt- 
tery, Study. PreB.. Rev. J. 
Kopel Fodvidl. i&S K. I71st 
S(. Sec'y, HlUel Jacob«on, 
lUi Clinton Ave. 
Tad V I da, J. Koprl. Pres. 
Cong. Nusach Arl o( the 
Bronx C13<3 WaahlnKton 

Came to U. 8, 180T. Received 
Keneral Jewish education. 
Mohel. RGB.: 4Ge East ITlsl 

\raandrr Dcmblaer Chcvrah 
Unch'Bch B e a h e ■ B'nal 
Aarun, 140 Columbia St. 
Orthodox, urg. IBH. Mem- 
berahlp; 



•mrelchfi 



■Tin 



lUth St. Orthodox. 
1912, Membership; 20. 
Ing capacity: 40. Pros 
man Trachtenbcrcr. 11 
Ulth St. Sec'y. M 
Franxblau. 80 B. llOth 
Trachteabcrs'i HyaiaB, 
Oeatreloher Chevrah i' 
S'phard D'Harlem {1 
114lh St.). since I»l«. 
S montlia. Born ISi 
Russia. Came to U. S, 
Infants' cloaks anu dr 
513 Broadway. Hl-s,: 1 
llUh St. 

D. Orthodox. Org. 
Membership: 66. C> 
Pres.. Emil Kohn, 1 
D. Sec'y, Jos. Klein, 
71h St. Rabbi, B. M. 



13> 



33 




OONGRBGATIONB. 



225 



Jtfwy citx, N. J. Seo'y, 
flTmtn NoTldwor. S60 B. Ist 
SUBlcljn. 

■lUcr.ll^rrii^ Pres. Chevrah 
OfaATel Sholom Anshel So* 
koley (4S Orchard St.). 
fleeted lfl7. Born 1885 in 
RnnU. Received general 
J«wlsli and secular educa- 
tion. Painter. Res.: 199 
12th 8t. Jersey City. N. J. 

Ohek teaei Amiritol Mesklbesli, 

24 Pitt St Orthodox. Org. 
l»a Membership: (6. Seat- 
ing capacity: 100. Cemetery, 
Study. Pres., Jacob Fein- 
sold, SI B. Kway. Sec'y, F. 
Grcenberp, 167 Broome St 

('•■C Ohth Sholom Amshel 
Bokatehatse, 45 Sheriff St. 
Orthodox. Org. 1892. Mem- 
bcrthip: 100. Seating ca- 
pacity: 840. Cemetery. 
Stody. Prea, Max Rothfeld. 
241 B. 4th St Sec'y. Wolf 
Dichlck, 118 Broome St 

BothfeM, Max, Pres. Cong. 
Oheb Sholom Anshei 
Bnkatchatxe (46 Sheriff St), 
elected 1017. Term 6 
montha Bom 1886 In Aus- 
. tria. Came to U. S. 1906. 
Rea: f40 E. 4 th St 

CtN^ Ohek SlMlOBi Anshei 
Chany, 00 Hester St Or- 
thodox. Org. 1895. Mem- 
bership: 46. Seating capa- 
city: 100. Life Insurance. 
frtt Loan, Cemetery. Pres.. 
DtTld Goldstein, 188 Henry 
8t Sec'y. Isaac Goldstein, 99 
Hester St 
Geldstela, IHitI«« Prea Cong. 



Oheb Sholom Anshei Charny 
(99 Hester St), since 1911. 
Term 6 months. Born 1871 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1900. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Cloaks and 
suits: 50 E. 10th St. Res.: 
182 Henry St 

CheTrah Oheb Sholoss Aaahel 
Glvboka, 106 B 104th St 
Orthodox. Organised, 1912. 
Membership: 20. Seating 
capacity: 120. Pres., Mendel 
Hurdin, 58 East 103d St 
Hnrdla, Meadel, Pres. Chev- 
rah Oheb Sholom Anshei 
Gluboka (106 East 104th 
St.), elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1864 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1907. 
ReceiTed general Jewish 
education. Res.: 58 E. 103d 
St 

Chevrah Oheb Sholom Anshei 
Krlnker, 162 Madison St. 
Orthodox. Org. 1892. Mem- 
bership: 65. Seating capa- 
city: 80. Insurance, Free 
L«oan. Cemetery. Pres., 

V Harry Fllegel, 47 E. 1st St 
Sec'y, S. Lipsky. 148 S. 3rd 
St, B'klyn. 

Fiiegel, Harry, Pres. Chev- 
rah Oheb Sholom Anshei 
Krlnker (162 Madison St), 
since 1911. Term 6 months. 
Born 1872 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1904. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
47 E. Ist St 

Chevrah Ohel Jacob Anshei 
Dabna. Cemetery, Free 
Loan. Org. 1893. Member- 



UOMHUNAL BBQIffrCB 



■blp; «{>. UeetlnKi l>t t-od 
3d Sundays, at SOS B. 
B'way. Pre«.. Alaiandpr 

WBSBerraan. 46S Grand St. 
Sec'y, Wolf Chackes, Hi 
Rlvlngton at. 



Ohel Jacob ChCTnh I 

78 Allen St. 
ganliad 18Ti. Membership: 
100. Seating capacity: 3GB. 
Study, Cemetery. Pres., Hy- 
man Robinson. T2E E. IfiSth 
St. Sec'y. David Silverman. 
2fil So 8d St, B'klya. 
RoblBBBB, HrnnB. Prea. Ohel 
Jacob Chevrah Kadlaha (J* 
Allen St.). since 191G. Term 
1 year. Born 18GE In Rub. 
sla- Came to U. S. 1883. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Real estate anil 
Insurance. Res.; TZG E. 
lEBth 31. 



1862 In Koumaiila. Ca 
U. a 1(07, Received J 
education In Slffet Yes 
lUungrary). Shocbet. 
IK88 Madison Ave. 

Dr-eh ChBiM CaB«„ 14G3 
InRton Ave. O r t h o 
Membership; 138. S< 
capacity: £00 H< 
School. Malblsh Aru 
BIkur Chollm, Ce 
Prea.. Julius J. DukBA 
oeth SI. Sec'y, Sainu 
Trovlg, 11 a 8«th St. 
Mosei H. HyaaiaaD. 
9Gth SI, 

Uuk■■^ Jnlliu J., Prea. 
Chalm CobK (1463 Lexli 
Ave.), since 1904. Te 
year. Also Prea. ot Ht 
Free Loan Society (10. 
Ave.) and ot Ral 
Joseph School u 




OONffiKBOATIONS 



227 



9 Hester St. 

Orthodox. Orff. ItlT. Mem- 

benhlp: 60. Seating capa- 

vMj: 100. Pres., Aa.ron Kon- 

ner, 111 Bldridffe St. Sec'y. 

Sub Rook, 211 Bldiidpe St 

Knaer, Aavmi, Pre*. Ostro- 

nr Oonff. (t Hester St); 

dected ltl7. Term 6 months. 

Born 186f In Russia. Came 

I to U. a If 09. Received sen- 

I enl Jewish education. Rass 

[ dealer. Res.: 211 Eldridgre 

Cn» PechaTttacr, 166 Henry 
; St Orthodox. Orp. 1897. 
' Membership: 300. Seating 
capacity: 160. Sick Benefit, 
lata ranee, B*ree Loan, 
doietery. Pres., Barnett 
Rashkind. 904 Drisers Ave., 
Bidyn. Sec'y, L. Adelson, 
in Monroe St. 



Bmrmttt, ' Pres. 
Conr. Pochavitser (166 
Beary St), since 190i. Term 
< months. Born 1866 in Rus- 
■U. Came to U. S. 1898. 
Reoeived general Jewish 
•dncatlon. Men's clothing: 
niCangUi St, B'klyn. Res.: 
Ml Drlna Ave., B'klyn. 

'^Ismel Amahel Yodaovaer, 

146 Henry St Orthodox. 

Orr. 1892. Membership: 66. 

SeaUnff capacity: 200. Wee 

Loan, Cemetery. Study. 

PresL. Israel Roarers, 190 

Clinton St. Sec'y. Morris 

Levlne, 686 Washlngrton Ave. 

Umgfwm, Israel, Pres. P'eir 

Israel Anshei Yodnovner 

(240 Henry 8t), since 1918. 

Term 1 year. Born 1846 in 



Russia. Came to U. S. 1884. 
Received general education. 
CU>al: 9 Hester St Res.: 190 
Cninton St 

Cong. Peal-El of WashlnirtoB 
Heights, 627 W. 147th St 
Conservative. English Ser- 
mon. Org. 1906. Member- 
ship: 120. Seating capacity: 
700. Hebrew School, Sister- 
hood, Cemetery. Pres., 
Emanuel Friedman, 3671 
B'way. Sec'y, H. Sallnsky. 
101 Hamilton PI. Rabbi, A. 
Eisenman, 611 W. 166th St. 
FrIedmaB, Emanael, Pres. 
Cong. Peni-El (627 W. 147th 
St), since 1914. Term 1 
year. Born 1870 In U. S. 
Received general education. 
Bookkeeper: 170 B'way. 
Res.: 3671 B'way. 

Cong. Plncns Elijah, 118 W. 

96th St Orthodox. English 
Sermon. Org. 1906. Mem- 
bership: 70. Seating capa- 
city: 560. Hebrew School. 
Sisterhood, West Side Com- 
munity House, Cemetery. 
Pres., Bernard Rothblatt, 
220 W. 98th St. Sec'y, Her- 
man Bernstein. 160 W. 9l8t 
St. 

Beth Hak*neMNeth P o n 1 e i 
Zedek Annhel Olla, 126 For- 
syth St Orthodox. Org. 1885. 
Membership: 840. Seating 
capacity: 1300. Sick Bene- 
fit, Free Loan, Cemt'ttry. 
Pres. Samuel Kamlnsky, 425 
Grand St. Sec'y, Abraham 
Klein. 202 E. B'way. Rabbi. 
A. S. Bockstein, 24 Rutger.-* 
PI. 



bciiciiii Jewish education. 
Mfgr. cloaks: 153 W. 27th 
St. Hes.: 425 Grand St. 

CoBir. Poltuaker Aniihel 
Poland* 80 Norfolk St. Or- 
thodox. Org:. 1909. Mem- 
bership: 30. Seating capa- 
city: 180. Cemetery. Pres., 
Moses Krus«r, 32 Attorney 
St. Sec*y, Jacob Prelman, 
91 Columbia St. 

Krogrer. Moveii, Pres. Com?. 
Toltusker Anshei Poland (80 
Norfolk St.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1870 
In Russia. Came to U. S. 
1906. Received greneral Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 82 At- 
torney St. 

PoBtlBaner Lodice, 129 Rivinff- 
ton St. Orthodox. Pres.. 
William Roth. 611 E. 6th St. 

Praskwerer Zton Coagr., 82 

Clinton St. Orthodox. Org. 
19 00. Membership: 116. 
Seatingr Capacity: 60. Sick 
Benefit. Insurance. Ceme- 
terv T>m^-. • 



Orthodox, 
bership: 
Social Cen 
Eliezer S. 
C. Sec'y, 
E. 8d St. 

Vrog, Brotlit 

89 Henry S 
1890. Memb 
ing ca p a ( 
Benefit. I n 
LfOan, Old A 
Bikur C h 
Study. Prt 
A r e n 8 8 e I 
Ave. Sec'y 
Belmont Av 

A rv assent • 

Pros:. Broth( 
(89 Henry St 
Term 1 yeai 
Russia. Can 
Attended Ye 
o'/.ln and Mir 
Grand St I 
vale Ave. 

Betli Hak'aeai 
A aaliel P 



^i' '••• aiek Sl**''« cap.. 




In ? * •"oath. •^*» "I«. 






•r School, pf- »•• He- 



^••ir. Of T«i-. 

* F" "t; S» "m 

^- »»th St. ^""^it.. „ 



■"« Torai. ^■■' Pre. 



« Rabbi jirf' *^*«rt«-«. D 

«rta. i; ^°»-n W7» 7*'? • 
Del. •""'nation * »•"« 'e>e. 



Ington St. 

Pout, Max, Pres. Rabbi Sam- 
uel Nachum Ind. Tishminl- 
txe K, U. V. (62 WlUett 
St)» since 1899. Term 1 
year. Born 1861 in Austria. 
Came to U. S. 1890. Received 
sreneral Jewish education. 
Plumber. Res.: 249 Stanton 
St. 

Rabbi SoloBion Shapiro Ansliel 
MoBluics, 168 Goerck St Orff. 
thodox. Org. 1905. Mem- 
bership: 62. Seating capa- 
city: 280. Cemetery. Study. 
Pres., Ignatx Hlrshkowitz, 
136 Gk>erck St. Sec'y. Israel 
Schwimmer, 136 Goerck St. 
Rabbi, Chaim Alter Fried- 
man, 63 Ave. D. 
Hlrsbkowita, ImatM, Pres. 
Rabbi Solomon Shapiro^n- 
shei Munkacs (168 Goerck 
St.). since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1869 In Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1896. 
Received greneral Jewish 
edncation. Grocer. Res.: 
135 Goerck St. 



Seatin 

tery. 

wald, 

Sec'y, 

lumbia 

Greeai 

Chevra 

rhybes 

(287 R 

1917. 

1869 in 

S. 189 

Jewish 

Res.: 4 



Tenple I 

inston 
Conser' 
mon. 
capaclt 
S c h o ( 
Leagrue 
He V r 1 
Motheri 
Pres., I 
Park A 
Bloch, : 
Rudolp] 
Lexingrt 

Blamen 



OOMffiBeATIONB 



23] 



ftUtmtr, ISS Suffolk St. 
Orthodox. Org; lf02. Hem- 
b«ililp: ISO. SeaUnff ca- 
PMlty: ISf. Inaurance, Sick 
Bttcflt, Vree Loan. Blkur 
C^ollm Society. Cemetery- 
^1., & Shussel, 416 Wyona 
St, Vklyn. Sec'y, Rev. 
Hous Weiser. 146 Norfolk 
St 

ScfcoMel, S^ Pres. Cone:. Ro- 
dephSholom Ind. Podhirzer 
(155 Suffolk St.), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1882 
in Aiutria. Came to U. S. 
1M6. Received ereneral Jew- 
ish education. Salesman. 
Rea: 416 Wyona St.. B'klyn. 



Rodepk SkoloBi K'kll- 
l«th JepU, 848 E. 82nd St 
Orthodox. German and Yid- 
dish Sermon. Orsr. 1898. 
IteiDt^ershlp: 40. Seating: 
captdty: 125. Cemetery. 
I'rca, Morris Shabshelowits, 
Htl 1st Ave. Sec'y, S. Fried - 
rathal, 166 E. 86th St. Rabbi, 
A Seelenfreund, 826 E. 88rd 
St 

Shskshclowlta, Morris, Pres. 
Rodeph Sholom K'hillath 
Jophl (848 E. 82nd St.). 
■luce 1905. Term 1 year. 
Born 1862 In Russia. Came 
to U. a 1895. Received gen- 
exal Jewish education. 
Liquors. Res.: 1681 1st Ave. 

Cftemb R««^h«l Skoloom 26 

Orchard St Orthodox. 
Membership: 74. Seating: 
capacity: 126. Sick Benefit 
Hebrew School, Free Loan, 
Ladles' Soc., Cemetery. 
Study. Pres., Max Sher. 85 



Jefferson St Sec'y, S. It- 
skovits. 225 E. 4th St 

Chevrah Rod'phei Shoioai Aa- 
shel Polutak, 133 Eldridffe St 
Orthodox. Org:. 1897. Mem- 
bership: 68. Seating: capa- 
city: 60. Sick Benefit Free 
Loan, Cemetery. Free., Louis 
Zlrln, 31 Wat kins St.. 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Morris Her- 
shltz. 456 E. 175th St 
Zlria, Louis, Pres. Chevrah 
Rod'phel Sholom Anshei 
Polutsk (138 Eldrldg:e St), 
since 1916. Term 2 years. 
Born 1884 In Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1904. Attended 
night school. Mfgr. of bind- 
ings: 128 Wooster St Res.: 
31 Watkins St., B'klyn. 

Ckevmli Rod'phel Sholom Ab- 
shei Rabsevlta, 26 Orchard 
St Org:anized 1886. Mem- 
bership: 76. Seating: capac- 
ity: 90. Sick Benefit Free 
Loan, Study. Cemetery. 
Pres.. G. O. Ken, 1026 2nd 
Ave. Sec'y, L J. Itzkowitz, 
255 E. 4th St 

Rod'phel Zedek Aniihel Bal- 
shovtsa, 49 Sheriff St Or- 
thodox. Org:. 1892. Mem- 
bership: 100. Seating: capa- 
city: 260. Sick Benefit, Cem- 
etery. Pres., Louis Davish- 
berg:, 82 Sheriff St Sec'y, 
Abram Skulnick. 254 E. 7th 
St 

Davtshberff, L o a I s, Pres. 
Rod'phel Zedek Anshei Bal- 
shovtza (49 Sheriff St); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1862 In Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1896. Received g:en- 



A^ ^ ■•^,>««vf A*a 



surance, Bikur Chollm, 
Cemetery. F'res., Simon 
Goldstein, 63 Allen St. Sec'y. 
S. Orollman, 148 W. 111th 
St. 

Gold«telB» Simon, Pres. 
Congr. Cheyrah R o d ' p h e I 
Zedek Anshel Ritova (227 E. 
B'way), since 1914. Term 1 
year. Born 18AB in Rimsla 
Came to U. S. 1883. Received 
sreneral Jewish education. 
L a d i e s' Wear. Res. : 53 
Allen St. 

Kohatyner Y. M. Soc 254 E. 

2nd St. Orthodox. Orgr. 1898. 
Membership: 101. Seatiner 
capacity: 1400. Sick Bene- 
fit. Cemetery. Pres., Frank 
Ettinerer, 72 Lewis St. Sec'y. 
Ab. Naffelbere:. 1630 MInford 
PI. 

Bttlnirer* Frank, Pres. 
Rohatyner Youne: Men's Soc. 
(264 B. 2nd St.), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1877 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1900. Received greneral Jew- 
ish education. Presser. Res.: 
72 Lewis St. 



160 S. 2nd St., 

KnMMlan Painter 

Norfolk St. Or 
1882. Members! 
ingr capacity: 1 
Pres., Morris 1 
Wilson St. B'kl 
Simonovlts. 28 
FelnbeiVt Morrl 
sian Painters' I 
folk St.), since 
6 months. B 
Russia. Game 
Received grenei 
education. Can 
208 WiUon St., 

Rymnlover K. 1 

Jacob, 218 E. 
thodox. Ore:, 
bership: 120. 
pacity: 150. S 
Free Loan. Insu 
Chollm, G e m e 
Isaac Newman, 
Sec'y, B. Brotmi 
ton St. 

Pfewntan, Isaac, 
alover K. U. V. 
(218 B. 2nd St.) 
Term 6 months. 



OONQBBGATIONS 



233 



116. Cemetenr. Pres., Hlrsch 
Berger. 54 Belmont Ave.. 
B'kljm. Sec'y, Solomon 
Henber«r» 794 B. 168tb St 
Bcrvrr, Hlraeh, Pree. Sana- 
ker Consr. Shom'rei Hadath 
(77Shertff St.); elected 1917. 
Tern I months. Born 1860 
in Aoitria. Came to U. S. 
189S. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Oil Cloth. 
Rei.: S4 Belmont Ave.. 
BTiljm. 

"^Wrpwr CheTvah. 206 E. 

B'way. Orthodox. Org. 
It71 Memliershlp: 48. Seat- 
to? capacity: 50. Sick Ben- 
efit Cemetery. Free., Abra- 
ham Reich. 140 Stanton St. 
Sec'y, Rndolph Berger, 155- 
7 E. 4th St 

RHc^ Abraham, Pres. 
Scherpser Chevrah (206 E. 
B'way), elected 1S17. Term 
lyear. Born 1877 in Russia. 
Received sreneral Jewish 
education. Rea: 140 Stan- 
ton 8t 

'ha'irel Blaah, 225 E. B'way 
Orthodox. Org:. 1868. Mom- 
hership: 50. Seating" capa- 
'*ity: ISO. Cemetery. Pres.. 
DaTid Abrahamson, 232 Dl- 
^»ion St Sec'y. Sam Vogel. 
116 Hopkins St. B'klyn. 

'4bnihamaoa. David, Pres. 
Kha*arei Blnah (225 E 
Broadway), since 1909. Torm 
1 year. Born 1852 In Poland, 
(^me to U. S. 1888. Received 

general Jewish education. 

Retired. Res.: 282 Division 

St 



Sha'arel Shomayiiit, 91 Riv- 
ingrton St Orthodox. Mem- 
bership: 850. Seating: capa- 
city: 1700. Hebrew School. 
Malbish Arumlm, Cemetery, 
Study. Pres., Nathan Rosen- 
zweig^, 69 2nd Ave. Sec'y, 
L. Louis Diamond, 86 2nd 
Ave. 

HoneuawrlK, Nathan. Pres. 
Sha'arei Shomayim (91 Rlv- 
i'ns:ton St.). since 1912. Term 
1 year. Born 1852 in Rou- 
manla. Came to U. S. 1887. 
Received g:eneral Jewish 
education. Restaurant. Res.: 
69 2nd Ave. 

Chevrah 9ba*arel Torah An- 
■hel liansarr, 265 E. 4th St. 

Orthodox. Org. 1897. Mem- 
bership: 40. Seating capac- 
ity: 100. Cemetery. Pres., 
PIncu.s B» nnenson. 164 Stan- 
ton St. S»c*y. .To.s«ph Llp- 
lich. 40U E. Sth St. 

Sha'arei T ' p h II 1 a h Conic. 
4 Went End Syn.). 156 W. 

S2nd St. Conservative, Eng- 
lish Sermon. Org. 1853. 
Membership: 660. Seating 
capacity: 1000. Hebrew 
.School, Young Folks' Soc, 
Sisterhood, Malbish Arumlm, 
Blkur C h o 1 i m. Cemetery. 
Pres., Morris A. Magner, 202 
Riverside Drive. Sec'y, Isaac 
Blldersee, 11 Seaman Ave. 
Rabbis: Rev. Dr. F. de Sola 
Mendes, 154 W. 82nd St: 
Rev. Dr. Nathan Stern, Am- 
sterdam Ave. and 79th St.. 
do Hotel Lucerne. 
Mnfimer, Morrin A.. Pres. 
Sha'arei T'phlllah Cong. 
(West End Syn.) (166 W. 



Drive. 



"■Ks.: zui Riverside 



1909 M I'- 0'-">°<'o«- Org. 
1909. Membership: 80. Seat- 
ing: capacity: loo. Pree 
Loan, Cemetery. g,u/y* 

mth' gj^'°"°" ^«'-»>. 1 w. 

!?''J. '•••-•■. Pres. caiev- 

8 m^-fK^'J'""* ""• Term 
6 months. Born 1859 In Aus- 
tria. X2ame to u. S. 1902 
Received general Jewish 
education. Res.: i w. intS 

""■'•"' 'T'PWII.fc An.hel 
Doltae,. 214 B. Jnd St. Or- 
thodox. Orgr. 1900. Mem- 
ty " 2ii^ »•• Seating capad- 

loi 1^?' "■*■•• "• Stern. 
100 Attorney St. Sec'y A 

Wallach. 237 B. 10th St 

t'dmi'i.^"/^ Pre". Sha'arel 
7»?J » *. -*"""«* D o 1 1 n e r 

Tern. ; *'"' ^'•>' "'"«• ""• 
Term 6 months. Born 1879 

1905. Received Jewish edu- 
cation. Restaumn*. in ^— 



since 1913. a 
Born 1867 In ¥ 
to U. S. 1886. ] 
eral Jewish € 
Shoes. Res.: 7< 

Sha'arel Zetfek, 23 

Orthodox. Bng 

Org. 1888. Men 

Seating: capadt 

brew School, 

C e m e t e r y, s 

Nathan Frankel, 

St Sec'y» L. Ba 

7th Ave. Rabl 

toff. 101 w. Ii2t] 

Frankel, Nm 

Sha'arel Zedek ( 

St.), since 1910. ' 

Born In Bngrland 

ereneral Jewish 

Mfgrr.: 56 W. 24t 

69 W. 124th St. 

Coair. CheTnh Bhm* 

48 Orchard St. 

Orgr. 1910. Memb. 

Seatlngr capacity: 

Benefit. I n s u r a 

Loan. Hebrew Sch 

tery, Study. Pres., 

118 Delancey St. 




^.1^. woo, St " **• «••••• 

7'*Wp: so o "•• Mem. 

^*'Betery «? Auxiliary 
>"« J Anil '"''J'- Pre/' 
L"'* *'- tec WJ ^^' - 

'*»<*««« T •"■'*"«'' Je»i!h 

»• WOl. j^°^. OrthodoT 
r. Study/"*:- «0. Cenie- 



"^^fflU^UnoNS 



285 

«^'. ?8 ""'^f , S«e«u.,ht„ 
C«n,e to u. 8. u»7 "!!."*'"1*^ 

i""" ««• Or.h /''• "2 B 
?"■«<»»• Or^""!"'- Greek 
«>er«hlp.. 200 •^•"- Mem 

"•▼id Jeuda «« -, • Seo'y 

^s^L **'**«« \'?*"' «'■' 

furkey (,32 """/srael Aij. 
•^^ S. 1803 R Came to 

w ' Sermon ^ ^"sr- 

Preg., jj '"• Ladles- Aux 



'*-*'A\'s:::,^-* 



Shem Tor a«„u 

bershlp; ,g "2"°^°=^. Mem- 

Pre^:^ '^- Cem^eTe'ryS^'"'''- 
1^^^'-. Peaach n. , ' Study. 

*^*"n. 12Attof^*'- -^""eph 

^""^ Shem' t;*^'*' Prea. 

°^ Anshw 



'J»; K. H'way. 

Sheveth AGhim Ansliei Slonlm. 

119 Orchard St. Orthodox. 
Orsr. 1890. Membership: 160. 
Seating: capacity: 120. Cem- 
etery, Study. Prcs., D. Wol- 
koff. 21 Eldridgre St. Sec'y, 
S. Bernstein, 110 Eldrid^e St. 
Wolkoir, Daslel, Pres. Shev- 
eth Achim Anshei Slonim 
(119 Orchard St.). since 1915. 
Term 6 months. Born 1874 
in Russia. Received gener- 
al Jewish education. Jew- 
elry. Res.: 21 Eldridgre St. 

ShevetM Aeklm B'nal LeTl An- 
shei ChroBisch VGometa, 26 

Ridsre St. Orthodox. Org:. 
1889. Membership: 200. 
Seating: capacity: 360. Free 
Loan, Cemetery, Study. 
Pres.. M. Levy,^ 178 B. 2nd 
St. Sec'y, L. Mins, 188 
Henry St. Rabbi. M. Abram- 
son, 181 E. B'way. 
Lery* Morris, Pres. Sheveth 
Achim B'nai Levi Anshei 
Chromsch V'Oometz (26 
Ridffe St.), since 1914. Term 



iif\ji. iueniuersi 
ingr capacity, 
tery. 

('hevrali Shomrel 
■hel LuboB, 16 

Orthodox. Org: 
bership: 15. S 
city: 200. Sick 
Loan, G e m e t 
Louis Terry, 1€ 
Sec'y, Z. Kroll 
syth St. 
Terry, Lools, F 
Shomrei Bmun 
Lubon (162 ] 
since 1915. T 
Born 1857 In R 
to U. S. 1897. I 
eral Jewish edi 
168 Monroe St. 

Shomrei Sabb«th 
boTiier WokllB< 

ion St Orthodc 
Membership: 
capacity: 86. « 
Pres., Bernard 
Allen St. Sec'> 
man, 74 Delanc 

.Shomrei H a d a i 



00NCHUBGAT10K8 



237 



Russia. Came to U. 8. 1912. 
Ret.: 84 Pitt St 

^'^vtah Shoaiiiai I^iboker, 

(U B. lS6th St. Orthodox. 

Org. 1116. Membership: 20. 

Seatingr capacity: 100. Pres., 

Harrts Fish, 601 B. 188th St. 
lUbbl. Moses Pfeffer. 190 
Brown PI. 

W«fc. Hanfai, Pres. Chevrah 
Shomrim Labokur (511 E. 
Uth St), since 1916. Term 
( months. Born 1877 in 
Autrla. Came to U. S. 1902. 
Rm.: 601 B. 138th St 

^•■SresatttfB ShvlchaB Omeh 

D'KatB*, 8 W. 118th St Or- 
thodox. Org. 1913. Mem- 
bership: 60. Seating: capa- 
city: 250. 'Cemetery, Study. 
Prea. A. Prince. 228 W. 
U6th 8t Sec'y. J. U Cohen. 
ISSl Simpson St Rabbi. 
I«»el Klein, 10 W. 117th St 
Maet^ A^ Pres. Shulchan 
Oruch D'Kutno (8 W. 113th 
St), since 1916. Term 1 
year. Born 1860 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1882. Received 
general Jewish and secular 
education. Mfgrr. caps. Res.: 
2tl W. 116th St 

*la«l Cms. 9t the Bromx, 951 

Stebbins Ave. Reformed 
Bofflish Sermon. Or'gr. 1911. 
Membership: 290. Seating 
capacity: 826. Fifteen Aux- 
iliary Societies. Brother- 
hood, Sisterhood. Hebrew- 
School, Cemetery. Pres.. 
WllUain Daub. Sec'y. Wm. 
Mitchel. 920 Cauldwell Ave. 
Rabbt Max Ralchler. 860 B. 
161st 8t 



SnuiripoBer Chevrah Kadlsha. 

811 Grand St Orthodox. 
Orgr. 1903. Membership: 70. 
Seating capacity: 40. Sick 
Benefit, Insurance, Free 
Loan. Cemetery. Pres. and 
Sec'y, Isaac Serot. 85 Morit- 
Sromery 8t. 

Serot, iMaac, Prc.i. Smariron- 
er Chevrah Kadlsha (311 
Grand St.), since 1903. Term 
1 year. Born 1853 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1903. Received 
greneral Jewish education. 
Res.: 85 MontjEiromery St 

CoBir. Beth Hak*neNMetb !4oko- 
lower, 52 Orchard St Or- 
thodox. Orgranized 1895. 
Membership: 200. Seating: 
capacity: 300. Sick Bene- 
fit, Life Insurance. Free 
Loan. Study, Cemetery. 
Pres.. M. Miller. Sec'y. Mr. 
Novldvor, 176 Grand St, 
B'klyn. N. Y. 

Soi&M of Iwrael (founded by the 
Redewltzer Rebbl) 293 E. 
3rd St Orthodox. Member- 
ship: 500. rres.. Rev. Ch. 
Kllen. Sec'y. H. KenlpsberR. 
Rabbi, Israel Haffer. 

Cong, Sons of Israel Kalva- 
rter, 107 W. 116th St Or- 
thodox. Orsr. 1907. Seating 
capacity: 800. Pres. H. 
Sklambersr, 1809 7th Ave. 
Sec'y, R. Kalman, 44 W. 
117th St Rabbi, Rev. 
Baruch Cohn. '48 W. 116tb 
St (Branch of 13 Pike StJ 

Co»s^. Soma of Jacob wlashel 
Tlktlm, 20 Orchard St. Or- 



I Lli Ok. 



ConK. Son* of Solomon Analiel 
Jeslema, 28 Ave. A. Ortho- 
dox. Ore:. 1902. Member- 
ship: 48. Seating: capacity: 
200. Sick Benefit, Cemetery. 
PreB., Harry Postel, 239 So. 
2nd St., B'klyn. Sec'y, A. 
Linderman, 196 Orchard St. 
Postel, Harry. Pre*. Conff. 

. Sons of Solomon, Anshei 
Jesierna (28 Ave. A), since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 
1870 in Austria. Came to 
U. S. 1897. Received gener- 
al Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Merchant. Res. : 
229 So. 2nd St., B'klyn. 

Cone- Son* of Solomoa Ajuiliel 
S'phard, 111 E. 114th St. 
Orthodox. Org:. 191 L Mem- 
bership: 20. Seatingr capa- 
city: 160. Cemetery. Pres., 
Sam W e 1 n t r a u b. 61 St. 
Nicholas Ave. Sec'y, Sam 
Fishman, 87 B. 114th St. 
WelBtmub, Sam, Pres. Goner. 
Sons of Solomon Anshei 
S'phard (111 B. 114th St.). 
oin/iA iQift Tnrm 6 months. 



Pres., L. Napolc 
B'way. Sec'y, 
Phillips, 61 C 
Minister, H. Pel 
99 Central Par! 
sociate Ministe; 
Pool, 102 W. 78 
Levy, Ii, Ifav 
Spanish and 
Shearlth Israel 
tral Park We 
St.). since 18i 
year. Born in 
celved a collei 
Lawyer: 128 B* 
W. 72nd St. 

CbeTrab 8*p1 
Pereyasl«w, 1< 
Orthodox. Ore 
bership: 270. S 
ity: 90. Sick 
Loan, Cem'et 
Nathan Levltsi 
Ave. Sec'y, CI 
Berriman St., I 
Levitsky, : 
Chevrah S*; 
Pereyaslow (li 
since 1906. 1 
Bom 1877 in I 






°^«*UnoNB 



'.*»* St. "'''"Teacher: 



289 
ton St. He*: irg g^ 

month '"IT. 7.-_ '•'• 

Pect Ave owl" "^» Pros 
iff capacity, yn"- ^i- Seat- 

P«cf Ave "'•"•• "78 Pro"; • 



'- »^o. °sl!;?- «-' 

»*nlei BJaiT:. '^'■*8'- 

""k-e*,' ;"£,. Pre* 

'*'* St.). ,,!"'' ' •' '• .1 
reap. B«! «* 1*»6. 

^-ne,,,, S- 1«»2. 
' J«-wisii 



'^es Abraham p^ ^^'"etery. 

, "® K. iO'»„j ''^'^odesh 
Z^- ^-m'Tyfi-^' "nee 
^' S. ]y,^^> Cauie to 



Sec'y, J. Popper, 12 E. 112th 
St. Rabbi. M. Sterman. 26 
W. 113th St. 

Conir. TalBtad Tomh, 221 E. 

6l8t St. Orthodox. Org. 
1900. Membership: 200. 
Seating capacity: 700. 
Hebrew School. Ladles' 
Auxiliary. Pres.. Myer Free- 
man. SOS B. 50th St. Sec'y, 
Jos. Miller, 411 G. 62nd St. 

Tamashower Cobk., 90 Colum- 
bia St Orthodox. Org. 
1892. Membership: 96. 
Seating capacity: 140. 
Cemetery. Pres., Abraham 
Hecker. 148 E. 98th St. 
Sec'y, Nathan Lubkln. 86 
Columbia St. 

H • e k e r , Al^raham, Pres. 
Tamashower Cong. (90 
Columbia St.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1864 
in Russia. Received general 
Jewish educatiom Res.: 148 
E. 98th St. 

Taravrirder B. A.. 66 Colum- 
bia St. Orthodox. Org. 



Tarnopoic 

ington 

1901. B 

Seating 

Chollm, 

Mendel 

St. Sec* 

Stanton 

Pelts 

Tarnop* 

Rlvlngt 

Term 6 

in Rusi 

1903. 

Jewish 

Frames 

160 So. 

Temple o 

W. 1811 

English 

Membei 

capacit; 

School, 

Leagrue, 

Pres., ^ 

6th Avi 

666 W 

Prederi 

Temple o: 

St. Ref 



00N0BBGATI0N8 



241 



Tnth St. Cms^ 228 BL 10th 
St. Orthodox. Org. 1910. 
Memliershlp: 10. Seating 
capacity: iO. Pres.. Rev. 
Bochman, 228 East 10th St. 

CMff. Chevrah T'hillai aad 
Bik«p (niollom 8S E. 110th 
St. Orthodox. Or ST. 1911. 
Membership: 45. Seating 
capacity: 160. Sick Benefit, 
Brotherhood, Cemetery, 
Stady. Pros., Louis Horo- 
wlti. 21 W. 111th St. Sec'y, 
Samuel Horowlts, 26 E. 
lOSrd St. 

HoravHts, I^ovls, Pres. ConRr. 
Chevrah Thllim and Bikur 
Cholim (83 E. 110th St.). 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Bom 1871 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1905. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Silks. Res.: 21 W. 111th St. 



250. Bikur Cholim, Ceme- 
tery. Study. Pres.. Morris 
Fleishman, 22 Suffolk St. 
Sec'y, M. Benjamin. 1500 
Boston Rd. 

FlelMhmaa, Morris, Pres. 
C h e V r a h T'hllim Anshei 
Viscover (169 Clinton St.), 
since 1901. Term 6 months. 
Born 1844 In Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1887. Receivet 
greneral Jewish education. 
Retired. Res.: 22 Suffolk 
St. 

I 
Tlkvath Zlon CoBir.» 936 E. 

165th St. Orthodox. Ensr- 
llsh Sermon. Orgr. 1912. 
Membership: 30. Seating: ca- 
pacity: 180. School. Study. 
Pre«., Mar Halpern, 986 E. 
165th St. Sec'y, Mr. Mirsky. 
891 Fox St. Rabbi, J. Lasa- 
rowita, 940 Tiffany Ave. 



Ckcrrah T'klllm Aashel 
Stcreake, 80 Norfolk St. 
Orthodox. Orgr. 1896. Mem- 
bership: 5'4. Seating capac- 
ity: 120. Cemetery. Pres., 
Louis Cohen, 883 S. Boule- 
rard. Sec'y. Joshua Dono- 
wits, 262 S. 4th St.. B'klyn. 
Golmi. Lovia, Pres. Che v rah 
T'hllim Anshei Sterenke (30 
Norfolk St.). since 1897. 
Term 1 year. Born 1860 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1892. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Liquors. Res.: 
882 So. Boulevard. 

Ctemli T*Mlllai Aanhei Vin- 
caver, 169 Clinton St. Ortho- 
dox. Org*. 1860. Member- 
ship: 67. Seating: capacity: 



Cons:, of TIphereth Achlm 
Talmud Tonih, 200 E. 20th 
St. Orthodox. Org. 1909. 
Membership: 20. Seating: 
capacity: 200. Hebrew 
School. Cemetery. Pres., 
Julius LIpow, 1038 Lowell 
St. Scr'y, Maurice OQns- 
berg:. 208 E. 2l8t St. 

Conir. TIphereth Achlm Annhel 
DunaberfT, 197 Henry St. 
Orthodox. Orj?. 1890. Mem- 
bership: 75. Seating capac- 
ity: 150. Insurance, Study, 
Free Loan, Cemetery. Pres., 
Lelb Klein, 364 E. 4th St. 
Sec'y, Myer Rosenberg:, 208 
Division St. 

Klein, I^lb, Pres. Congr. 
TIphereth Achlm Anshei 



Cob 

CheTmh TipMereth Achlm An- A 

«hel Sirotsk, 880 Grand St. ii 

Orthodox. Org:. 1918. Mem- & 

bership: 60. Seating: capac- c 

ity: 100. Free Loan, Ceme- a 

terr. Pres., Harry Moaal, 76 f: 

Ave. B. Sec'y, Morris Fin- t. 

kelBtein. 109 Ludlow St. st 

BKnuO* Harry* Pres. Cherrah Oi 

Tiphereth Achim A n s h e i ^^^ 

SiroUk (880 Grand St.); (^^ 

elected 1917. Term 6 months. ^^ 

Born 1886 In Russia. Game j*^ 

to U. S. 1907. Received gen- j^^ 

eral Jewish education. Dry p^^ 

iTOOds. Res.: 76 Ave. B. ^^^ 

36 

Chermh Tiphereth Achlm xv 

AMhel Sp'hard, 86 Orchard 

St Orthodox. Orsr. 1913. cobs 

Membership: 60. Seating: ^^^ 

capacity: 100. Free Loan, qj.^ 

Cemetery, Study. Pres., B. ^yer 

Ruch. Sec'y, Mr. Raften- ^y 

berg:, 101 Clinton St. Rabbi, p^^ 

Rev. Sonnenschein, 846 E. 3^7 

4th St Le^ 

Ral 

Beth Hak'nesseth D*rhevrah 327 



00N0BEGATI0N8 



243 



Tlykcjreth Israel Aaakcl 
V]phar« Ctellcia, M Ave. C. 
Orthodoz. Orff. 1902. Mem- 
bership: 36. SeatinfiT capac- 
ity: 60. Cemetery, Study. 
Prtm^ BQlas Fuchs, SS Ave. 
D. Sec'y. Judah Mishel, 106 
£. 7th St. 

V^ckSf BUas, Pres. Tiphereth 
Aashei STpbard Oallcla (90 
Avenue C), elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1854 
In Austria. Came to U. 8. 
ISf S. Received general 
Jewish education. Clothing: 
4t Cannon St. Res.: 82 
Avenue D. 

Tiphereth Israel Amshel 
Stcpeacaht, 166 Allen St. 
Orthodox. Orsr. 1901. Mem- 
bership: 42. Seating capac- 
ity: 160. Cemetery. Pres., 
Max Ruckenstein, 110 Stan- 
ton St. Sec'y. Saul Felner, 
161 Orchard St. 

Rucke ns t ein. Max, Pret. 
Tiphereth Israel Anshel 
Stepenesht (165 Allen St.). 
since 1916. Term 1 year. 
Bom 1887 in Roumanla. 
(Same to U. S. 1907. Re- 
ceived general Jewish and 
secular education. Sales- 
man. Res.: 110 Stanton St. 

Comff. Tiphereth Jacob 
(laahrl AppaUa, 272 Stanton 
St. Orthodox. Org. 1905. 
Membership: 61. Seating 
capacity: 60. Cemetery. 
Praa., Raphael Zucker. 56 
Wlllett St. Sec'y, Anshel 
WUhniak, 128 Columbia St. 
S«dkar» Raphael* Pros. Conff. 
Tiphereth Beth Jacob Anshel 



Appalla (272 Stanton St.), 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1885 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1912. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
56 Wlllett St. 



Tiphereth Jerasaleai, 

240 Madison St. Orthodox. 
Orsr. 1914. Membership: 110. 
Seating: capacity: 1000. Free 
Loan, Ladles' Auxiliary. 
Cemetery, Study. Pres., 
Aaron Jacobs, 780 B. 169th 
St. Sec'y, J. Levine, 294 
Henry St. Rabbi. M. Sobel. 
Jacobs, Aaroa* Pres. Conff. 
Tiphereth Jerusalem (240 
Madison St.). since 1916. 
Term 1 year. Born 1860 In 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1886. 
Received sreneral Jewish and 
secular education. Dry 
groods: 251 Church St. Res.: 
780 K 169th St. 

Cobs, of Talmud Torah Tiph- 
ereth Jerosalem, 147 E. 

B'way. Orthodox. Orgr. 
19 8. Membership: 650. 
Seating: capacity: 125. He- 
brew School. Sisterhood. 
Malbish Arumim, Cemetery. 
Study. Pres., Aaron Jacobs, 
251 Church St. Sec'y. Louis 
Beroza. 77 Essex St. Rabbi, 
Aaron Oordon, 187 Henry 
St. 

Cons. Tiphereth Joseph 
Aaahei Prsemsyl, 81 Colum- 
bia St. Orthodox. Org:. 1891. 
Membership: 65. Seating 
capacity: 800. Sick Benefit. 
Insurance, Cemetery. Pres., 
Baruch Pelasdurff. 64 Can- 



.ii.UBLrii&. v^auio lu <j. o. xooo. 

Received sreneral Jewish 
education. Tailor. Res.: 64 
Cannon St. 

Tlmnacaer Comct 67 Clinton 
St. Orthodox. Ore:. 1902. 
Membership: 76. Seating: 
capacity: 60. Sick Benefit, 
Insurance, Free Loan. Mal- 
blsh Arumim, Bikur Cholim, 
Cemetery. Pres., Ben Zion 
Oreiper, 262 B. 2nd St. Sec'y, 
Li. Fk-ledman, 627 E. 13th St. 
Grelper, Ben EIoh» Pres. 
Tlumacser Congr. (67 Clinton 
St.), elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1876 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1902. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Res.: 262 B 2nd 
St. 

Toldoth Isaac Ifosach 8'phard, 

86 Henry St. Orthodox. Orgr. 
1900. Membership: 66. 
Seating: capacity: 76. Insur- 
ance. Free Loan. Bikur 
Cholim, Cemetery. Pres., M. 
Silberman. 891 Atkins St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, W. Pruszow- 



1875 in Russii 
r. S. 1900. 1 
1042 Prospect . 

ToBDi*cheI Torah 

E. 166th St Ort 
bership: 70. S< 
ity: 600. ^ He) 
Pres., J. Hyma 
Ave. Sec'y, S. { 
Fox St 

Hyataa, Je 
Tom'chei Tor 
(792 B. 166tli 
1913. Term 1 
1866 in Russia. 
S. 1882. Rece 
Jewish and sc 
tion. Real est 
sau St. Res. 
Ave. 

Chevrah ToratM / 
Aashel Polaad 

St Orthodox. 
Membership: 6( 
capacity: 100. 
Study. Cemetrr 
Raftenbcrsr. 10 

Cobs:, of T a 1 «r 



• MHyftio mDM> 



245 



•I, 414 B. ITtd 
d03L Orff. 1907. 
p: too. Seating 
fi 700. tUtrvw 
jalhiah AruiBlm. 
uxiliary. Prefl.. 
lewits, 1404 Cro- 

Mlt. 860*7, liOUlS 

r. TSS B. 17Sth 



860*7, Harry Auerbach, 8S 
Ridge St. 

WeiaatelB, Hjmmmt Prea. 
Vladover SlOTOtltcher Gemi- 
lath Chasodlm Veretn (OS 
Attorney St), elected 1017. 
Term months. Bom liSI. 
in Russia. Came to U. 8. 
10 IS. Receiyed general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: SSI 
Clinton St. 



9l6 SVatcl Raeli* 

Concourse. Re- 
Bnglish Sermon. 
Membership: 115. 
mdty: 400. Sick 
s Q r a n e e; Wee 
ST. Prea, Adolph 
70 Anthony Ave. 
oel, SS40 Walton 
>i, Clifton Harby 
Union Ato. 
iolph. Pres. Tre- 
1e Sha'arel Rach- 
\ Concourse). 
Term 1 year, 
n Germany. Res.: 
ny Ave. 

eh VuUed WHaer 
"■at Abraham. 88 

. Orthodox. Org. 
t>ership: SO. Seat- 
:y: 100. Prea, B. 
1600 Lexington 
y, 8. Bukatman. 



yvotitchev GeaU* 
pdUm Vereia. OS 

y St Orthodox. 

Membership: 56. 

capacity: 10 0. 

Pres., Hyman 

SSI CUnton St 



Waahiagtoa Helshta Cmis^ 

610 W. leist ^t Orthodox. 
Bngllsh Sermon. Org. 1060. 
Membership: 100. Seating 
capacity: 7S0. Hebrew 
School, Cemetery. Prea, 
Emanuel Hertz* 400 West 
160th St. SeCy. Jerome 
Konhelm, 935 St Nicholas 
Ave. Rabbi, Moses Rosen- 
thal. 974 St Nicholas Ave. 

Herts, Bmaaoel, Pres. Wash- 
ington Heights Cong. (510 
W. 161st St), since 191S. 
Term 1 year. Born 1870 In 
Austria. Came to U. S. 1884. 
Received A. B. (C.C.N.T.), 
A. M. (Columbia), L. L. B. 
(Columbia). Lawyer: 116 
Broadway. Res.: 400 W. 
150th St 



West Side Ahavath 
Coag., 845 Ninth Ave. Or- 
thodox. Org. 1895. Mem- 
bership: 80. Seating capac- 
ity: 100. Sick Beneilt 
Brotherhood, Cemetery. 
Pres. Harry Grant, 881 W. 
140th St. Sec*y. Adolph 
Moskowits. 301 W. 186th St 
Grant, Harry, Pres. West 
Side Ahavath Achim Cong. 
(846 9th Ave.), elected 191T. 



!46 COHHUKAL 

Term 1 year. Born In Rub- 
UK. Came to U. S. ISSG. 
Received general Jenlsli 
e d u c o 1 1 o D . Real eelBle 
net.; 231 W. HOth St. 

Benrt SWp Hrlirew Reller Soc. 



(Sit B. 2lia Bt.}. ' 
KIT. Term 1 ra&r. 
ISBS Id AuBtri*. O 
U. 8. 1907. Received 
school educBtion. 
&nd Eesi: ids Mooj 



at I 



.S cap 



clly: 



ibrew School. Prea., Sam 
yampolsky. ESfi 8lh Ave. 
Soc'y, R. Grant. S39 W. (Srd 
St. Rabbi, Eltla Harhavy, 
3B1 W. '47lh St. 



Auhel 



[■1- 



rab WobllB J 

. 311 Grand St. OrthO- 

Org. !fl06. Member- 

p; ISO. SealLng capacity: 

Free Loan, Cemetery, 



St. Orthodox. Or| 

MemberHhlp: 1*. I 

Cemetery. Prea., H t 
Gold, 6Be Marcy Ave., 
Sec'y. and Rabbi, 8. 
tenbers, 9GS Home S' 
Gol4, He! man. Pre*. 
Yad Savel (119 Norfo 
alnce 1911. Term 1 
Born ISeS In Rusala. 
10 U. S. 1888. 




OONOBMATIOMB 



247 



1 Sermon. Org. 1916. 
abership: IB. Seatlngr 
^dty: 150. Sisterhood, 
udy. Pre*., Harry O. 
ombersr. 288 B. B'way. 
6*7. DaTld Friedman, 158 
B'way. 

•■bcrv, Harry G., Pres. 
Jing Israel Synaerogrue 
>7 K B'way), since 1916. 
nn 6 months. Born 1889 
Russia, came to U. S. 
•2. Lawyer: 820 B'way. 
t.: 288 E. B'way. 



. ZcMach Ecdek Ifwsaeli 

• 184 Henry St Orthodox. 
r. 1898. Membership: 160. 
ting capacity: 400. Free 
n. Cemetery, Study. 
B,, Mr. Rivltsky. Sec'y. 
Kamlnsky. 

Zcnuieb Zcdek Nnaach 
D'Harlem, 81 E. 110th 
Orthodox. Orgr. 1911. 
abership: 50. S e a 1 1 n sr 
i.city: 290. Free Loan, 
erhood. Ladies' Auxili- 
, Cemetery. Pres., Abra- 
I Cohen. 68 W. 115th St. 
y. Max Zeldin, 23 E. 
h St. Rabbi. Abram Z. 
nowitz. 83 E. 110th St. 
em, Akrabasi, Pres. Congr- 
lach Zedek Nusach Ari 
arlem (81 E. 110th St.). 
e 1912. Term 1 year. 
a 1870 in Russia. Came 
r. S. 1891. Received pen- 
Jewish education. Oar- 
: 4 E. 115th St. Res.: 58 
115th St. 

sh Serali Jacob of the 
»BX, 1815 Washingrton 



Ave. Orthodox. Org:. 1902. 
Membership: 60. Seating 
capacity: 860. Free Loan, 
Bikur Cholim, Cemetery, 
Study. Pres., Rubin Lubin, 
1640 Seabury PI. Sec'y, S. 
Fliegrman, 2023 Washingrton 
Ave. 

Lubla, Rabin, Pres. Zerah 
Jacob of the Bronx (1815 
Washington Ave.), since 
1916. Term 1 year. Born 
1888 in Russia. Came to 
U. S. 1902. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular 
education. Principal of He- 
brew School: 637 Claremont 
P'kway. Res.: 1640 Seabury 
PI. 

Cbevrab Zlcbrel Torath Moshe, 

83 Eldrldgre St. Orthodox. 
Org. 1892. Membership: 24. 
Seating capacity: 100. Free 
Loan, Study, Cemetery. 
Pres., Mr. Levinson, 26 Suf- 
folk St. 

LevlasoB, Pres. C h e v r a h 
Zichrei Torath Moses (83 El- 
dridge St.), since 1914. Term 
1 year. Born 1860 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1887. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Grocer. Res.: 26 Suffolk St. 

Zlchron Ephralm, 161 E. 67th 
St. Orthodox. Org. 1890. 
Membership: 75. Seating 
capacity: 900. Religious 
School, Cemetery. Study. 
Vice-pres.. P. J. Danzlger, 
242 E. 58th St. Sec'y. B. 
Discount. 43 W. 112th St. 
Rabbi, Ber. Drachman, 128 
W. 121st St. 

ZlcbroB Judab, 246 E. 82nd 

St. Orthodox. Org. 1903. 



OOUHDNAL RBOISTSB 





ICy: 60. StuOy. Fra*. 


copacltr: 130. LadlEii' Aui., 


Schneider, SIS Iik! 


Cemetery, Study. PreH., 


Sec'y, Jftcob Welnbe 


Charles Brown, 111 B. Bind 


Attorney St. Rabb 


St. Sec'y, Z. Sllberkraus, 




506 E. Sfith St. 


BehBclder. jBoob, Prt 


BratTB. ChsFlen, PrcB. Cong. 


Talmud Torah o( k 


Zlchron Judnh (216 B. 82ml 


tan (388 3d Ave.}, 


St.), since 191G. Term 1 


1917, Term 1 year. 


year. Born 1S81 In Hung-ary, 


1S67 in Russia. B 


Came to U. 3, 190B. Received 


general Jewish edl 


general Jewlah education. 


BUK.: G16 ind Ave. 


Printer: 34S E, Slat St. Res.: 

3^^ B. sand at. 


Chevrnh ZIob*I GallclB 

»<-pb<ir<I, 481 B. IS 


Zlon H«Ii»TT Code, of Bt«». 

1342 Stebb[ns Ave. Orthodox. 
Org. IB12. Membership; 2B0. 


Orthodox. Org. 131S. 
bershlp: IS. Seatloi 
city: 75. Pre».. Jeho 


Sealing capacity: 600. He- 
brew School. Ladles' Aux., 


ler. 2flB E. ISSth St. 
Joseph Herman, llSl 


Sisterhood. Prts., Philip 
Wadenberff, IlfiO Prospect 

WBltenhfric. Phllln. Pres 


Feller. Jebadah. Prei 
rah Zlonel Galloia 
Splmrd 14S1 E, 187 
since 191K. Terra S 




00N0RB0ATI0N8 



249 



UATB INFORMATION IS LACKIMi OX THE 
FOLLOWING SYNAGOGUES I 



I AaalMl LakHs. 27 

t 



Comg. B'b«1 Moaeii, 80 Clinton 
St. 



rvdatli Aclilai As- 

»M. 62 Pitt St. 



r«dath AeUfli Ab* 
witm, 108 E. l8t St. 



■al 



EretB Uirael, 79 



laer, 209 E. 2nd St. 



CheTrah B*Bat Moahe Aaaliel 
N««Bta Chechoaavlta, ISS 

Bldridflre St. 

Boroehauer Cberrali, 214 B. 

2nd St. 

Chaaldlm Aniihel Kurerlta 
Kcther Torah Kehal, 116 

Monroe St. 



aahlkower Gallrla, 

St. 



Conar. Chatlner Bennarabl^r, 17 

Avenue A. 



lahel Narowla, 165 



Cbernaatroff Verela, 90-96 
Clinton St. 



pl Sedld, 24 Pitt St. 
a Roachra. 98 For- 



Blkor C li o 1 1 m . 

ind Lexingrton Ave. 

haai Anahel Pmah- 

3. B'way. 

*Bal Jac«b AaahH 

r, 62 Pitt St. 

iTuu, Madison Ave. 
St. 

I Llppaer Ahavath 

-96 Clinton St. 

■al Menaebem Ab- 
rcta. 28 Avenue A. 



ChoroahOfr«r K. V, V., 267 E. 

Houston St. 

CoBflT. Deflrel Machneh laracl* 

161 Henry St. 

Chevrah Dornhel Tov Aaahel 
PlBvk, 22 Forsyth St. 

Dornhel Zedek Aaahel Krivlta. 

85 Forsyth St. 

Rrate Baraao^er K. U. V., 294 

Stanton St. 

Ernte Chevrah B*Bal Darld 
Aanhel Radlmaahe. 178 

Stanton St. 

Emte Hatlka Beaaarabfa K. V. 

Vm 133 Eldridere St. 



(M}1U1UNAL 



Rbtb Baska Coag„ 8 A 
HhoBlBbover K. D. 



Ave. eind ISilh St. 
C • 1 1 p I a Frecdman ChvTnh. 

214 E. Znd St. 
lulah Tfiagtie, 131 W. SBth SI. 
Cher rah Jfihaollaar, 13! 




00KQRC6ATI0N8 



251 



UIT or COMGRBGATIONS IN BROOKLYN, dUBENM 

AND RICHMOND 



AcUb B'Md Inrael Amskel 
Batfik K«Aita. 228 Christo- 
Pber Are. Orthodox. Org. 
189S. Membership: 92. Seat- 
ing capacity: 250. Free 
Loan, Cemetery, Study. 
Pres., Abraham Kenedy, 48 
filake Ave.. B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Benjamin W. Schulman, 545 
Sickman St.. B'klyn. 

Bttk Hak*seMicth Adath B*nal 
brael, 50 Moore St. Ortho- 
dox. Orsr. 1909. Membership: 
170. Seating: capacity: 540. 
Bikar Chollm Society, Study, 
Cemetery. Pres., Samuel 
Blum, 20 Johnson Aye., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Philip Cohen. 
»9 Stockton St., B'klyn. 
Rabbt M RlsikoflT, 48 Moore 
fit. B'klyn. 

Bl«m, S«aaiiel» Pres. Beth 

Hak'nesseth Adath Bnai 
Israel (60 Moore St.), since 
mi. Term 1 year. Born 
189S In Russia. Came to 
U. a 1899. Received thor- 
oaffh Jewish education. 
Shochet. Res.: 70 Johnson 
ATe., B'klyn. 



ship: 36. SeatinsT capacity: 
250. Hebrew School, Sister- 
hood, Junior OrsT* Pres.. 
Edward Ehrman, 515 Nep- 
tune Ave.. B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Theodore Plaut, W. 2nd St., 
Coney Island. Rabbi William 
Schwartz, 318 Madison St. 

Ehrman, Edward, Pres. 
Congr. Adath Israel (W. 5th 
St., Coney Island); elected 
1917. Term 1 year. Born 
1882 in N. Y. Received high 
school education. Photo en- 
graving. Res.: 515 Neptune 
Ave., B'klyn. 

Adath Israel, 8 Dodge Ave., 
Rockaway, L. I. Orthodox. 
Org. 1914. Membership: 28. 
Seating capacity: 60. Study. 
Pres., Isaac Green. 28 N. El- 
dfld Ave., Rockaway, L#. I. 

Green, Isaac, Pres. Adath 
Israel (8 Dodge Ave., Rock- 
away), since 1914. Term 1 
year. Born 1866 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1910. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Res.: 28 N. Bidrld Ave.. 
Rockaway. 



C^mg. Adatk Israel, W. 5th St.. 
Coney Island. Conservative. 
Bngllsh Sermon. Member- 



Adath Jacob, 344 Roebling St. 
Orthodox. Org. 1917. Seat- 
ing capacity: 160. Study. 



COHHUNAL 



Slone, 162 So. Bth St., B'klyn. 
atauf. H. l~. Pro*. Adalh 
Jacob <S44 Roebllns St.); 
Bleetod 1917. T,.-rm, p..Tmii- 
nent. Born 1S8I In AuBtra- 
11a, Came to U. 3. IBIS. 
Received thorough Jfiwlib 
education. Merchant. Rea.; 
IS 2 So. tth SL. B'ktrn. 



I St. on ho 



York, e Bar 

dox. OrB. IBIO. 
ohlp: iO. Si^allng capacity^ 
fi30. Ladles' Auxiliary. Cem- 
etery, Study. Prea,, Abraham 
Baakowlta. lid Grafton at.. 
--B'hlyn. Sec'y, Henry Tepfcr. 
1139 St. Johns P].. B'hbn. 
Baiikonlta, AhrabBa. Pre!i. 



BrowBiivlUe, SOfi Oa 

Orthodox, Org. 1911 
bership: 60. Seating 
ty; SOO. Free Loar 
tery. Study, Pre». 
Parkin, 304 Thalfo 
Bklyn. Sec'y, Mai 
man. 160 Watkl 




ocmfflOBOAnoNs 



253 



thlp: 50. Sea tins: capacity: 
IfiO^ Hebrew School, Ceme- 
tery. Pres., Louis Levy, 14 S 
Ird Ato., S. L Sec'y. A. 
fttephelson, S41 4th Ave.. 
FkJyn. 

Levy, I«o«le« Pree. Agrudath 
Aehim Anshei Chesed (386 
Jersey St., S. L), since 1910. 
Term 1 year. Born 1861 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1890. 
Received ereneral Jewish 
education. Real estate. Res.: 
148 Srd Ave.. Staten Island. 

Aodatk Aeklm Aasliet David 

H w ^ a fc. 167 Sutter Ave. 
Orthodox. Org. 1908. Mem- 
bership: 14. Seating: capac- 
ity: 100. Pres., Joseph JaflTe. 
278 , Alabama Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, Abraham Horowitz, 
278 Alabama Ave., B'klyn. 
JaJTe* JcMneph* Pres. Ag'udath 
Achim Anshei David Horo- 
dak (167 Sutter Ave.), since 
1910. Born 1868 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1903. Received 
general secular and religr- 
lous education. Carpenter. 
Res.: S78 Alabama Ave., 
Blclyn. 



Aeklm AnMhrl Homel. 

167 Chester St Orthodox. 
Org. 1914. Membership: 48. 
Seating capacity: 140. Free 
Loan, Cemetery, Study. 
Pres., Harry Goodman, 235 
Watklns St., B'klyn. Sec'y. 
Morris Messinflrer, 109 Herzl 
St., B'klyn. 

Goodssam, Harry* Pres. Agu- 
dath Achlm Anshei Homel 
(169 Chester St), since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 



18V4 in Russia. C^ame to 
U. S. 1907. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Toys: 148 Chester 
St, B'klyn. Res.: 236 Wat- 
kins St, B'klyn. 

AgndMth Achlm Anshei Llba* 
wits, 197 Watklns St. Or- 
thodox. OrfiT. 1892. Mem- 
bership: 180. Seattngr capa- 
city: 1100. Ladles' Auxiliary, 
Cemetery, Study. Pres., Arye 
Fried, 206 Grafton St.. 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Aaron Wiener, 
134 Grafton St.. B'klyn. 

Cong. Affudath AehIm Asshrl 

New l.otn, 41 Malta St. Or- 
thodox. Orjj. 1912. Mem- 
bership: 120. Seating capaci- 
ty: 600. Sisterhood, Ceme- 
tery. Pres., Nathan Wiener. 
6 6 6 Pennsylvania A v e .. 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Jacob Rodtl- 
etz, 188 Malta St., B'klyn. 
Rabbi. I. Isaacson, 464 Hins- 
dale St., B'klyn. 
\%'leBer, Nathan, Pres. Coniar. 
AsTudath Achim Anshei New 
Lota (41 Malta St.). since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 
1867 in Russia. Came to 
U. S. 1897. Received general 
Jewish education. Rem- 
nants: 197 Chrystie St. 
Res.: 656 Pennsylvania Ave.. 
B'klyn. 

Aflrndath Achlm Anshei Stolln. 

103 Morell St Orthodox. 
Orgr. 1907. Membership: 55. 
Seating: capacity: 250. Free 
Loan, Cemetery. Pres., Philip 
Deitch, 304 S. Srd St., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, I. Shalnman. 39 E. 
B'way. 



COHICDNAL 



Dritch, FMUr. Frea. Agudath 
Acbim Aohel Stoim (lOS 
Morell St.): elected ItlT. 
Term e monthB. Born ISTT 






. 3nd at., 



ruij-n. 



('»BK> AcndHib AcbIm B'dbI 
Jnvob, 136 Wyona St. Ortho- 
dox Org, 1897. Meroberahlp: 
1D&. Seatlns capacity: 620. 
Cemetery, Study. Prea,. 
AaroD KBuIman, 310 Brad- 
ford St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Julius Zukerman, 408 Ver- 



t St., 



I'll 



Cong-. Agadath Afhltn B'nai 
Jacob (238 Wyona Strc^et, 
B-klyn); elected 1917. Term 
S months. Born 1311 In 
Hungary. Came to V. H 



IB13 St. Johna PI. i 

Chavrali Asadatb Aebln 
nlti Auhel HBrHsrli 

ManhBtlac Ave. Ortt 
Org-. 1!)13. Memberelil 
BeatlDK capacity: 4O0. 
etery. Pres.. Max Sh 
IBS Moore St., B'klyn. 
Aaron I.empal. 4E Be 
St., B'klyn. 

Shmeril, Mm, Prea. Ch 
Agudalh Achltn W 1 a 
Anahel Marmarlah <&6 
hattan Ave.): elected 
Term S months. Bon 
In Austria. Came to 
1911, ReoelveJ general 
lab education, Bea. 
Moore SI,, B'klyn 




OOKCHUBOATIONB 



265 



Benefit, Cemetery* Prea., 

Aaron Finkelsteln, IIS 8ut- 

tw A?6^ B'klyn. Sec'y. 

Suantl WlodOTsky, 112 Sut- 

ter A? e^ Blclyn. 

lakclttefai, AaroB* Preo. 

CheTrah Ahavmth Aehim 

14St S. N. T. Ave.); elected 

1*17. Term 6 months. Bom 

U77 in RQMla. Cbme to U. 

& 1906. Received general 

Jewiih education. Bulldiner 

Contractor. Res.: 115 Sutter 

Aft, Rklyn. 



AknMh Ackl^ 161 HarrUon 
ATa Orthodox. Ory. IftlS. 
VtBberahip: 9. Seatingr oa- 
Mdty: 40. Pre*., Louis 
Cohen, 161 Harrison Ave., 
B^yn. Sec'y, Mr. Tennen- 
baum, 168 Harrison Atc., 
B'klyn. 

Cohca, L4»«ls, Pres. Ahavath 
Achlm (161 Harrison Ave.). 
lince 1916. Term 6 months. 
Bom 1866 in Russia. Came 
to U. a 1904. Received sen- 
ertl Jewish education. 
Olsiier. Res.: 161 Harrison 
Ave.. B'klyn. 

Ttmple AkaTath Aehlm, 712 

Qnincy St Conservative. 
Bnglish Sermon. Orgr. 1869. 
Membership: 65. Seatiner 
capacity: S66. Sunday 
Sehool, Sisterhood, Youngr 
VUki* Leasrue, Cemetery. 
Prea, Simon IjCV^. 1088A 
President St.. B'klyn. Sec'y. 
T. J. Eberson, 988 Greene 
Ats.. B'klyn. Rabbi.* Joseph 
Paymer. 899 Kosciusko St. 
Bklyn. 

Wry» aiaiOBi* Pres. Temple 
A^vath Achlm (711 Quincy 



St. B'klyn.), since 1918. 
Term 1 year. Born 1876 In 
Oermany. Came to U. 8. 
1892. Received public school 
education. Merchant Res.: 
1088 A President St. B'klyn. 

C h e V r a h Ahavatk Aehlai 
AAshei S'phard of AsMtrla, 

40 Selsrel St Orthodox. Org:. 
1911. Membership: 21. Seat- 
ing* capacity: 120. Cemetery. 
Pres.. Louis Schlafnlts. 166 
Cook St.. B'klyn. Sec'y. 
Solomon Welntraub. 147 
Tompkins Ave.. B'klyn. 

Sehlafalts, Loals, Pres. 
Chevrah Ahavath Achlm 
Anshei S'phard of Austria 
(40 Seigrel St), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1864 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1891. Received greneral Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 166 
Cook St 

Chevrali Ahavath Achlm B'aal 
Abrahaai, 396 Loflran St. 
Orthodox. Orgr. 1908. Mem- 
bership: 50. Seatingr capa- 
city: 250. Sisterhood. Cem- 
etery, Study. Pres., Israel 
Feinstein, 86 Crystal St, 
B'klyn. Louis Rosen. 954 
Liberty Ave.. B'klyn. 

Feiastela, Israel, Pres. 
Chevrah Ahavath Achlm 
B'nai Abraham (396 Logan 
St), since 1915. Term 6 
months. Born 1868 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1894. 
Received general Jewish 
education. CTaps: 160 Woos- 
ter St Res.: 86 Crystal St.. 
B'klyn. 



COMMUNAL. KBOISTER 



CoBK. Aha*a(k CkcKd, 141 
JelCerson Ave. Orthodox. 
Org. 1B01. Memb«rahlp: IDD. 
Seatlns capacity: SOO. Sli- 
IBrhood, I^JIbh' Auxlilarv 
Boe.. Cemetery. Pres., Henrj 
J. Nurlck. B30 Putnam Ave.. 
Bklyn, fiec'y. Phtlip Zuck- 
erman, lEGD Bailern Park- 
way. B'klyn. 

Nurlck, H»rr J^ Pres. 
CoiiK. Ahavath Cheaed (74J 
JelTersoii Ave.), ilnce 1916. 
Term 1 year. Born 1B82 In 
RuEHla. Came to U. S. ISDl. 
Received colleKe education. 
Civil Engineer and srchl- 
leci: S9! Bway. B'klyn. 



PHclty: *M. Cemetery, 
Morris Neulander. IDGl 
haltan Ave., Bklyn. 
Max Brady. 650 Man) 
Ave., Bklyn. 



Ahavatb Israel ot Greet 
<10S Noble St., B'klyn). 
IBH. Term 1 year. 
1S7J In Hungary. Cai 
U. a. 1SS9. Received 
school I'dutatlon. Ml 
Res.; 1063 Manhattan 



b a V a I h Israel of \ 
Branaarllle, 3Tt Brlat 
Org. ]»lt. 




OOKCmBOATIONB 



257 



HUiSL ConservatlTe, Ens- 
Ush Sermon. Orff. 1912. 
Hraibership: 60. Seatingr ca- 
Mtjr: 240. Sunday School, 
Sisterhood. Pros., Leon 
I^tne^ 1716 E. 18th St.. 
B^jm. Sec'y, H. L. Zeeman. 
Itit B. 19th St.. B*klyn. 
Ktbbl. Samuel Pelper, 1314 
Afe. R, B'klyn. 

Urrtam, Le«B, Pres. Temple 
Aktfath Sholom of Flat- 
bvah (ATe. R. and E. 16th 
St, B'klyn), since 1916. 
Term 1 year. Born 1877 In 
Roatla. Came to U. S. 1892. 
Reoetred general Jewish 
cdueation. Clothing: 55 6th 
ATe. Res.: 1716 B. 18th St.. 
B'klyn. 

^Trak Aaskel Borls«a of 
Bremunrllle, 617 Stone Ave., 
B'klyn. Orthodox. Orgr. 1916. 
Membership: 12. Seating ca- 
pacity: SO. Free loan; cem- 
itery. Pres., Max Kusnetsov. 
MS Chester St, B'klyn. 
KsnetsoT, Max, Pres. Chev- 
rah Anshei Borison of 
Brownsville (617 Stone 
Ave.), since 1915. Term 1 
rear. Bom 1871 in Russia. 
Cane to U. S. 1901. Received 
Ceneral Jewish education. 
Raa.: t5i Chester Ave.. 
B'klyn. 

(Vrrsk Anakel Ckaici Adam, 

484 Cleveland St. Orthodox. 
Org. 1916. Membership: 20. 
Betting capacity: 120. Study. 
Pres., Israel MiUstein. 269 
SltOD St., B'klyn. 
Mllsfrta, Ismel, Pres. Chev- 
rah Anshei Chalel AdAm 



(494 Cleveland St.), since 

1916. Term 6 months. Born 
1847 in Poland. Came to 
U. S. 1879. Received general 
Jewish education. Retired. 
Res.: 369 Elton St., B'klyn. 

CoBg. Anskel Emetk, 126 Stan- 
hope St. Orthodox. Member- 
ship: 60. Seating capacity: 
600. Free loan; cemetery. 
Study. Pres., Louis Biern- 
bach, 874 Bushwick Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Morris Wein- 
berger. 

Btembach, Lools, Pres. 
Cong. Anshei Emeth (126 
Stanhope St.), since 1916. 
Terra 1 year. Born 1882 in 
Austria. Came to U. S. 1899. 
Received general Jewish ^' 
education. Clothing: 20 
Starr St., B'klyn. Res.: 874 
Bushwick Ave., B'klyn. 

C h e T r a h Kadlsha Annhel 
Emeth, Park PI. and W. 3d 
St., Coney Island. Orthodox, 
Org. 1899. Membership: 32. 
Seating capacity: 200. Pres., 
Reuben Shermer, 2913 W. 3d 
St., B'klyn. Sec'y, Mr. Kess- 
ler, 2751 Ocean P'kway. 
Shermer, Reuben, Pres. 
Chevrah Kadlaha Anshei 
Emeth (Park PI. and W. 3d 
St., Coney Island); elected 

1917. Term 1 year. Born 
1879 in Austria. Came to 
U. S. 1897. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. 
Butcher: 2930 W. 3d St., 
B'klyn. Res.: 2912 W. 8d St., 
B'klyn. 

Annhel Kether, 137 Smith St 
Orthodox. Org. 1905. Mem- 



OOMMDKAL 



\. Auhrl Nnolrai-, 181 

t. OrthodDi. Org. 1 
■mberBhlp : Eo, Seating 
lit;; 160. 



Auk 
, Orlhodo: 



*03 Dumont 



|;lty: 100. Frea., Isidore 

mucltler. 898 Stone Ave., 

Sec'y, Aaron Laz- 

|n!k, 311 Lott Ave., B'klyn. 

ckler. iHldore. P r e a 

Anahel Pelrlkov Ml- 

nsvllle (*03 Dumonl 

; elected 1911, Term 6 



■hip: 

lEO. Pre a.. Ueyer GertUln. 
18E McKlbbtn St., B'kiyn. 
Sec'y, Mr. Plnilr, 29 BoenuB ' 
St„ B'klrn. Rabbi. Rer. Ub- ' 
der, St Leonard St., B'klrn. 
GentelB, Meyer, PrcB. An- 
■hel Toy o( B'klyn <17l 1 
Bob rum St.), alDcs lilt. 1 
Term s monlbs. Born UTt J 
la RuasU. Came to D. a ' 



ISOl. 



el V 



gvnerkl i 



Jewlab education. 
Cloaks and SuiU; ttl 
asm m. Hes.: ISB MoKlbben-- 
at.. B'klyn, 



OONOUMAtlOm 



259 



(•8 B^rrlman St., 
8*10711. 860*7, Ab. Rosen - 
bluni. 168S Sutter Are.. 



T» It • ■ i ■ • Pres. 
CheTrah Anahei Zedek (1D87 
Svtter ATe.), since 191S. 
Term 6 months. Born 1866 
la Rnula. Came to U. 6. 
1SS8. RecelTed general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: SOS 
Berrlman St. B'klyn. 



Asefath Israel, 420 
Wallabout St. Orthodox. 
Orff. 188S. Membership: 63. 
Seatlac capacity: 2S5. Cem- 
etery; Study. Pres., Samuel 
KoTlts, 66 Bartlett St.. 
B'klsm. Sec'y. Isaac S. Jaffe. 
48 Walton St.. B'klyn. 

KoTltB, SamaeU Free. Ase- 
fath Israel (420 Wallabout 
St), since 1914. Term 1 year. 
Bom 1879 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1904. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. 
Woolena Res.: 55 Bartlett 
St. Bklyn. 

Cms. ef Taimad Torah Ater- 

tth Israel. 116 Fountain 

ATe. Orthodox. Orgr. 1912. 

Membership: SO. Seatingr 

! espadty: 300. Pres.. Jacob 

\ Dthaan. 149 Milford St. 

Biayn. Sec'y. Ellas Solo- 

BMB. 909 Olenmore Aye.. 

B^yn. 

DelBHiB, Jac«b. Pres. Talmud 
Tbnh Atereth Israel (115 
V^Btaln Ave.), since 1916. 
Ttrm 1 year. Born 1869 in 
Aostria. Came to U. a 
iMt. ReoelTOd gr e n e r a 1 
'twUh edaoation. Mfgrr. 



skirts: 47 B. 9th St Res.: 
149 Milford St. B'klyn. 

Cherrali Ateretk Z'vl of Sast 
M. Y- 482 Barbey St Ortho- 
dox. Org:. 1908. Member- 
ship: 86. Seatingr capacity: 
50. Pres.. Samuel Lesser. 
682 Schenck Ave.. B'klyn. 
Seo'y, Harris Weinstein, 696 
Schenck Ave.. B'klyn. Rabbi. 
Harris Semer. 504 Ashford 
St.. B'klyn. 

Lesser, Samael, Pres. Chev- 
rah Atereth Z'vi of B.'N. Y. 
(482 Barbey St.). since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1879 
in Russia. Came to U. S 
lftl2. Received greneral Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 582 
Schenck Ave., B'klyn. 

Chevrah Berdltchev .iA«hel 
S*phard. 104 Moore St. Or- 
thodox. Orgr. 1909. Member- 
ship: 38. Seatingr capacity: 
100. Pres.. David Davidson, 
38 Varet St, B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Meyer Turman. 128 Hum- 
boldt St. B'klyn. 
Davidson. David. Pres. 
Chevrah Berdltchev Anshel 
S'phard (104 Moore St), 
since 1914. Term 1 year. 
Born 1871 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1906. Received gren- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
38 Varet St. B'klyn. 

CoBff. Beth .\aron. 107 Ross 
St Orthodox. Orgr. 1914. 
Membership: 30. Seatlnf? ca- 
pacity: 200. Pres., Eliezer 
M. Blum. 110 Keap St.. 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Leon Gold- 
stein, 95 Division Ave.. 
B'klyn 



COKHUNAL BBGIBTEB 



Beaver St. Orthodox. Ore- 
1)>!)3. Mi:mbersli1i»: 50. Seat- 
ins capacity: ^^V. Ceme- 
tery, Study. Prea,. Jacob 
Lerkon-lii, !17 StaBK St.. 
B-klyn. Sec'y. Jsldor A. 
KrulQwEla. 1067 E. Park- 
way, B'klyn. Rabbi, Jacob 
Gerateln. 78 Cook St., 
Bklyn. 

LrrkoiTltB, Jnirab, Prea. 
Conff. Beth Aaron <11 Beav- 
er Si.), since IBIS. Term 1 
year. Born 1SS5 In Hungory. 
Came to U. S. ISSa. Received 
general Jewish anrl college 
education. Retired. Res.: 
317 Sla^B St.. B'klyn. 

r-onK. Brtb Aaron of B'klTB., 

2«1 3. 1st Rl. Orthodox. Org, 
1905. Membership: 12, Seal- 
luff capacity: 900, Sick Beii- 
. Hliidv. 



Ellaa Marshak. 2S C 

B'klyn. Sec'y, Isi 

Shapiro, 77 Mlddlei 

Bklyn. 

HarBhak, Kllaa, Prei 



|1» Cook : 



alnt 



deceived general J 
education. Grocer, 
Cook St.. B-klyn, 



iDtlng; capacity: 40 




OONffiBQATIONS 



261 



Aoahei Poland (1827 Pitkin 
Ave), elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1878 in Rus- 
■U. Came to U. S. 1912. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Jeweler. Res. : 
428 Blake Ave.. B'klyn. 

Tmyle Beth-Ep, 110 Noble St., 
Conservative. Engrllsh Ser- 
mon. Ors* 1887. Merober- 
fhip: 46. Seating capacity: 
300. Sunday School, Hebrew . 
Ben. Ass'n, Ladies' Soc. 
Cemetery. Pres., R. Norek« 
1102 Eastern Parkway. 
B'klyn. Sec*y. M. W. Tasch, 
1009 Eastern Parkway. 
B'klyn. Rabbi. S. J. Rome. 
1021 Lrf>rlmer St., B'klyn. 

TTorefc. R^ Pros. Temple 
Beth-El (110 No bid St.). 
since 1908. Term 1 year. 
Bom 1877 In Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1877. Received 
public school oducation. 
Real Estate: 253 Schenec- 
tady Ave., B'klyn. Res.: 
1102 Eastern Pkway. B'klyn. 

r^mtt, Beth-Kl of Boronirta P'k. 

4050 12th Ave. Orthodox. 
OrflT. 1906. Membership: 108. 
Seatinigr capacity: 350. Tn- 
surance. Sisterhood, Ceme- 
tery, Study. Pres., Jacob 
Lelberman. 1258 51st St.. 
B'klyn. Sec'y, J. M. Mlsh- 
kin, 1225 42nd St., B'klyn. 

r«ifle. Beth Elohlm, 8th Ave 

and Oarfleld PI. Reformed. 
Ensrlish Sermon. Orcr. 18B1. 
M<»mbership: 122. Seatlni? 
o a p a e 1 t y : 1,600. Sunday 
School, Sisterhood. Ceme- 



tery. Pres., Jacob Brenner, 
262 Carroll St, B'klyn. 
Seo'y. Manasseh Miller, 827 
Eastern Parkway,- B'klyn. 
Rabbi, Alexander Lyons, 528 
8th St., B'klyn. 
Brenner, Jacob* Pres. Congr. 
Beth Elohlm (8th Ave. and 
Garfleld PI.), since 1907. 
Term 1 year. Born 1857 in 
N. Y. Received public school 
education. Graduated Law 
School. Lawyer: 26 Court 
St., B'klyn. Res.: 252 Car- 
roll St., B'klyn. 

Temple Beth Emeth of Flat- 
baiih. Church Ave. and Marl- 
borough Rd. Reformed. 
English Sermon. Org. 1911. 
Membership: 125. Seating 
capacity: 530. Educational 
and Social atrtlvlties, Sunday 
School. Sl.sterhood. Young 
Folks' li t- a g u e. Junior 
T^eague. (.\inet«My. Pres.. 
\Vm. Gohl.schmldt. 809 E. 
16 th St.. B'klyn. Soc'y. 
Meypi- YoTidorf. 522 R. 8th 
St.. B'klyn. Rabbi. Samuel 
J. Levlnaon. 1^84 E. Sth St.. 
B'klyn. 

Cioldnchmldt. Willlnm. Pres. 
Beth Emeth of Flatbush 
(Church .A-ve. and Marlbor- 
ough Rd.). since 1911. Term 
1 year. Born 1870 in N. Y. 
Graduated Law School. 
Lawyer: 49 Wall St. Res.: 
809 E. IGth St., B'klyn. 

Itetta IfamidraMh llnsrodol, 339 

S a c k m a n St. Orthodox. 
Org. 1S89. Membership: 130. 
Seating capacity: 1000. 
Free Loan. Cemetery. Study. 
Pres.. Daniel Merowitx, 1737 



PfMldent at., B'klyn. Secy. 
David Shur, US Watklna 
BU B'klyn. Rabbi, Benla- 
mln Fl«lBher, 1S9 Powell 
St.. B'klyn. 

HvroiTltB, DulFl, I'res. Beth 
HamldraHh H a go d □ 1 (333 
Snchman St.}. Blnre 1813. 
Term 1 year. Born 18S9 In 



Rec 


ived Bt^noral Jewish and 




ular 


duration. Real 






: 1737 President 


St.. 


B'klyn. 




rtb 




lah a>*odal. 1< 


Moo 


re St. 


Orthodox. Org. 


188! 


Memb 


rahlp: Bl. Beat- 


Ing 


capaelly 


300. Insurance. 


Mat 


nish Aru 


mlm Soc. Cem- 




y. Studi 


Prea,, Joehuu 






Sumner Ave.. 


B'klyn. Sec 




Wll 


oughby 


Ave,, B'kly'n 



«lected Itll. Term 8 mi 
Bom 18T7 In RusalB. 
to U. 8. 1S91. Received 
eral Jewish education. 



Kmelk. 236 Harrlaoi 
Conservallve. Engllsb 
man. Orir. 1856. Membei 
140. Seating capaelly; 
Sunday School. SiBlei 
Cemalery. Pres.. P 1 1 
Weinberg, 61 Strong 
B'klya. Soc'y, Frank U 
413 4)tti St.. B'klyn. I 
Israel Qoldtarb. S60 CI 
St., B'klyn. 




OONCHUNATIOKI 



2^ 



t'kcrnk Bctk lanel Cluialdel 
Kama, U Varet St. Ortho- 
dox. Org, 1918. MemberBhlp: 
It Seating capacity: 140. 
Cemetery* Pres.. N o c h 1 m 
Sherman. Sec'y, Mendel 
Schwarts, 128 Cook St., 
B'klyiL 

IkeraiaB, Nocklm, Pres. 
Chenah Beth Israel Chasl- 
dei KarUn (88 Varet St.). 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1888 In Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1909. Received ffen- 
ertl Jew ah education. 
Ladles' Oarmenta 

Betk Jacob .Ijiahel S ho lorn, 

276 a 3rd St. Orthodox. 
English Sermon. Org. 1887. 
Membership: 165. Seating 
capacity: 1300. Hebrew 
School, Cemetery. S t u dy . 
Pres., Julius L. Horowitz, 
231 Roebllner St., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, L Kushelewltz, 276 S. 
3rd St. Rabbi. Wolf Gold. 
166 a 8rd St., B*klyn. 

Herewlta. Jvlliui L.., Pres. 
Beth Jacob Anshel Sholom 
(276 a 8rd St), since 1916. 
Term 1 year. Born 1878 In 
Roumanla. Came to U. S. 
1398. Received a thorougrh 
Jewish education. Wines: 
330 Qrand St Res.: 221 
Roebling St, B'klyn. 

CtVi Betk Jacob Joseph* 868 

Atlantic Ave. Orthodox. Orgr- 
IML Membership: 77. Seat- 
lag capacity: 200. Study, 
Cemetery. Pres., Philip 
Cohen, 1487 86th St, B'klyn. 
SoCy, Mr. Mas. 879 Atlantic 
Afo.. B'klyn. 



CoboB, PblUp, Pres. Congr- 
Beth Jacob Joseph (888 At- 
lantic Ave.), since 1918. 
Term 6 months. Born 1878 in 
Russia. Came to U. & 1890. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Plumber: 816 At- 
lantic Ave., B'klyn. Res.: 
1487 86th St, B'klyn. 

Cong, Beth Jndah, 904 Bedford 
Ave. Orthodox. BngUsh 
Sermon. Org. 1894. Mem- 
bership: 85. Seating: capa- 
city: 860. Sunday School. 
Ladies' Auxiliary, Young: 
Folks' Auxiliary, Cemetery. 
Pres., Thomas Mansevltz, 
224 Spencer St, B'klyn. 
Sec'y. Harry Cohen, 234 
Green Ave., B'klyn. Rabbi. 
Samuel Buchler. 824 Bain- 
bridgre St, B'klyn. 

MansevltB, Thontas* Pres. 
Cong:. Beth Judah (904 Bed- 
ford Ave.), since 1916. Term 
1 year. Born 1862 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1876. 
Received greneral Jewish 
and secular education. Real 
Estate and Insurance. Res.: 
224 Spencer St, B'klyn. 

Beth Sholom People's Temple, 

20th Ave. and Benson Ave. 
Reformed. English Sermon. 
Orgr. 1907. Membership: 1'48. 
Seatingr capacity: 266. He- 
brew School. Sisterhood, 
Cemetery. Pres., Jesse H. 
Wasserman. 100 Bay 29th 
St., B'klyn. Sec'y, Arthur J. 
Stern, 8709 23d Ave., B'klyn. 
WasMermaii, Jesse H., Pres. 
Beth Sholom People's Tem- 
ple (20th and Benson 



COMMUNAL REOISTSB 



Avoi.J: cliit-ted Itn. Term 
I year. Born 187J In N. Y 
Received college educatloii, 
AutomoljUo Bupplles: US 
Church St. ReB.: 100 Bay 
JSth St., B'klyn. 

lonte. BHb BolDtnAB, ISeS 
SterlltiK PI. Orthodoi. Org. 
1909. MemborBhlp: 8. Seat- 
ing capacity: 700. Pres.. 
Solomon W. (Sreenbaum, 
ISKO BBHtc-rn Parkway. 
B^Klyn. SeoV. S. aoldrlch. 1! 
G. lUth St, 

CrveBhatiiOi SOImaoH W„ 
Prea. Cong. Beth Solomon 
(ISSa Sterling Pl.},ilnce 1909. 
Born 1S53 In Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1872. Attended a 
Yeahlbah. Res.: lEBO Kast- 



aeatlng capnclly: 200. 

Prea., Abrahum Slorc 
Bristol St.. B'klyn. 
rfathan Flnkelsteln. S7 

101 St.. B'klyn. 
Slordh. AbrahnB. 
mkur Sholom J 
S'phard (154 Walkin 
alnce 1917. Term e m 
Barn 1SE6 In Austria. 
to D. S. 1S9D. Re 
general education. 

102 BrlBtol St., B'kly 



Jacob, 2134 Deal 
Orthodoi. Org. 1909. 
bershlp: 50. Seating i 
Ity; 700. Ladles' Aui 
Blkur Cho Um. Cem 
Pres., Harry Mllbauer 




OOKGRBGATIONB 



265 



C*kea, Lvata, Pres. B*nal 
Abraham Anshel B'klyn (99 
Wntrd St.). since 1916. 
Tena $ months. Born 1879 
la RnaslA. Came to U. S. 
1100. Studied in a Yeshi- 
bah. Selser dealer: 85 Mon- 
troia Ave., B'klyn. Res.: 98 
BMram St., B'klyn. 

(^wSi B'aal Abrakam Aaahel 
Bsasavy, 100 Hopkins St. 
Orthodox. Orff. 1906. Mem- 
herthip: 60. Seating: capaci- 
ty: SOO. Cemetery, Study. 
Pres., Jacob L. Pell. 925 De 
Kalb Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Samuel W. K o e n i s , 476 
Marcy Ave., B'klyn. 
Fell, Jacob 1^ Pres. Cong. 
6*081 Abraham Anshei Hun- 
gry (100 Hopkins St.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1878 In Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1895. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Salesman. Res.: 925 De 
Kalb Ave., B'klyn. 

(Hkemh B^nal Abraham An- 
shei Poland. 82 Humboldt 
St Orthodox. Org. 1904. 
Membership: 40. Seating: 
capacity: 820. Cemetery, 
Study Pres., David Levlne. 
76 Hart St.. B'klyn. Sec'y. 
Solomon Bachrich. 864 Myr- 
tle Ave., B'klyn. 
■^▼lae. David. Pres. Chev- 
nh B'nai Abraham Anshei 
Poland (82 Humboldt St.): 
fleeted 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1857 in Russia. Came 
to U.S. 1897. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. 
Uundry. Res : 76 Hart St.. 
B'klyn. 



Beth Hak'neaarth D'Chevrah 
B'aal David, 124 Johnson 
Ave. Orthodox. Orsr. 1898. 
Membership: 65. Seatiner ca- 
pacity: 250. Cemetery. Pres., 
Max Fried, 200 Montrose 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y. Abraham 
Bas, 100 Manhattan Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Fried, Max, Pres. Beth 
Hak'nesseth D'Chevrah 
B'nai David (184 Johnson 
Ave.), since 1910. Term 1 
year. Born 1877 in Austria. 
Came to U. S. 1897. Received 
greneral Jewish education. 
Pants 'Mtgr. Res.: 200 Mont- 
rose Ave., B'klyn. 

Chevrah B*nal Isaac Noaach 
llonrt. 445 Georgia Ave. 
Orthodox. Org. 1905. Mem- 
bership: 50. Seatiner capac- 
ity: 1,000. Study. Pres., Jack 
Zimmerman, 415 Oeorgria 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, J. 
Spreiregren, 459 Pennsyl- 
vania Ave., B'klyn. Rabbi, 
Rev. Narschafsky, 556 Ver- 
mont St.. B'klyn. 

Zimmerman, Jack, Pres. 

Chevrah B'nai Isaac Nusach 
Hoarl (445 Georgia Avf.). 
since 1909. Term 6 months. 
Born 1851 In Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1889. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. 
Cloaks: IBS^i Delancey St. 
Res.: 416 Georgia Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Temple B'nai Israel, 4th Ave. 
and 54th St. Conservative. 
English Sermon. Org. 1907. 
Membership: 25. Hebrew 
School. Sisterhood, Brother- 



OOUUUHAL 



bood, Btndr- Praa., Simon 
Abela. •» Tt4 St.. B'klyD. 
Sao'r, Adolph Shumoii, 462 
«i*t St.. B'kirn. lubbi, 
Solomon Qoldman, tit 
Haral St.. Bklyn. 
Abda, BliBQB, Prea. Temple 
B'nal larael (4th Ave. and 
G4th St.). Blnce 1B14. Term 
1 rear. Bom 18t6 In Ruisla. 
Came (o U. 3. 1887, Received 
thorouKh Jewish education. 
Real BHtate: 44 Court St.. 
B'klyn. Res.: 9SS TIrd St.. 
B'klm. 

(7o>V- B'nal luael. 830 Bad- 
Cord Ave. Orthodox. Org. 
190t. Hembershlp: 130. Beat- 
Ins capacity; 1100. Sister- 
hood, Cemetery. Study. 
Pres.. Jacob Lorence. 117 
Clyraer St., B'klyn. Set'y. 
Aaron Rubinstein, 77 l.t-t 



IBlt. Term B mo 
ISTO In Turkey, 
n. R latl. R0< 
eral Jewlah e d 
Painter. R«a.: 
St.. B'klyn. 

B'wil larael V. V. 
vllle, 1861 Pltkli 
thodoz. Org. 1911 
Hhlp: SO. Seattn 
TE. Cemetery. Pi 
MlllBteln, ESS Sa> 
B'klyn. Sec'y. Sat 
tow. 543 Ralph A 
MIllalelB, Hrv 
B'nal Israel 
Brownsville (It 
Ave.), since 1911 

Hla. Came to U. 
celVGd general J 
Tailor, 




00N€RUBGATIONS 



267 



ins oapadty:* 2,000. Study. 

Ptm., Isaac Brownsteln, 500 

Qreene Ave^ B'klyn. Sec'y, 

Myer Brownsteln, 660 

Qreene Ave., B'klyn. Rabbi, 

Uon RUlkoy. 

BivwaatclBp I ■ a a e » Pres. 
Cong. Rnal Jacob (619 
Many Ave.), s i i^c e 1916. 
Term 1 year. Born 1868 In 
Rnnla. Came to U. 8. 1898. 
Scceived a general Jewish 
•Question. Res.: 660 Oreene 
Afe., B'klyn. 



(*«■» ITaal Jac*b, 136 Pros- 
pect Ave. Orthodox. Org:. 
IMS. Membership: 96. Seat- 
ing capacity: 860. Sister- 
bood, Hebrew School. Ceme- 
tery. Pros., Israel Taub. 566 
Third Ave.. B'klyn. Sec'y. 
Jacob Skier. 104 15th St.. 
B'klfn. Rabbi, S. Goldman. 
2S4 Hersl St.. B'klyn. 

Taab, Israel* Pros. Con?. 
B'nal Jacob (186 Prospect 
Ave.), since 1916. Term 1 
rear. Born 1877 In Russia 
Came to U. a 1889. Attended 
labile School. Real Estate. 
Rea: 566 Third Ave.. B'klyn. 

<Vvnk B'aal Jaeob Aaahel 
^kardi* 876 Pennsylvania 
ATa Orthodox. Orsr. 1906. 
Hembership: '40. Seating: 
etpadty: 680. Sisterhood. 
Cemetery. Monteflore. Pres., 
PhiUp Kats. 867 Saediker 
Ava, B'klyn. Sec'y, David 
Ochshom. 

Kats, PUU9, Praa. Chevrah 
B'nal Jacob Anshel S'phard 
(176 Pennsylvania Ave.)* 
aince 1911. Term 1 year. 



Born 1862 in Russia, (^me 
to IT. S. 1890. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Fur- 
rier: 29 W. 38th St. Res.: 
357 Snediker Ave., B'klyn. 

Conir- B*nal Jacob Joseph 
D'Brookiyn. 928 De Kalb 
Ave. Orthodox. Orff. 1910. 
Membership: 50. Seating 
capacity: 400. Cemetery. 
Pres.. Llppman Morris, 179 
Pulaski St. B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Maurice Newman. 1004 De 
Kalb Ave.. B'klyn. 

B'nal Jesharnn, Richmond 
Turnpike. Tompkinsville, S. 
I. Orthodox. Orsr. 1887. 
Membership: 50. Seating ca- 
pacity: 200. Heb. Charitable 
Soc, Cemetery. Pres., Max 
GlnsburgTf 333 Jersey St., 
New Brlgrhton. P. I. Sec'y. 
I^. Seyman. 300 Jersey St.. 
New Brigrhton. S. I. Rabbi. 
H. Rabinowitz. 
GlnsbnrflT. Max, Pres. B'nal 
JcBhurun (Richmond Turn- 
pike. S. I.), since 1916. Term 
1 year. Born 1869 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1892. Dry 
GoodH. Res.: 333 Jersey St.. 
New Brighton. S. I. 

Cong:. O'nai Joaepta. 77 Meeker 
Ave. Orthodox. Orgr. 1894. 
Membership: 80. Seating 
capacity: 120. Hebrew 
School. Sisterhood, Young 
Folks League, Cemetery. 
Pres., Samuel Jacobs. 116 
Powers St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Harry Marcus, 529 Hum- 
boldt St., B'klyn. 
Jacobs, 8ainael. Pres. Cong 
B'nal Jo.seph (77 Meekfi- 



Cong. B*iial Sholom. 403 9th 

St. Conservative. Kngllsh 
Sermon. Org. 1884. Seating 
capacity: 800. Sunday School, 
Sisterhood. Yoiinj^ Jiulaea. 
Cemetery. Pres., William 
OinsberflT. 688 6th Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, H. Oshinsky. 
B'klyn. Rabbi, Marcus 
Frledlander, 10 Prospect 
Park, S. W. 

GlnaberiTt William, Pres. 
Consr. B*nai Sholom (409 9th 
St.), since 1915. Term 1 
year. Born 1870 in Austria. 
Came to U. S. 1883. Received 
sreneral education. Toys. 
Res.: 638 6th Ave.. B'klyn. 

Cong, Ckeaed Shel Bmech off 
So. Brooklyn, 157 17th St. 
Orthodox. Orgr. 1897. Mem- 
bership: 18. Seating capa- 
city: 76. Cemetery. Pres.. 
Abraham Friedlansky, 709 
8d Ave.. B'klyn. Sec'y, J S. 
Levy. 

FrledlaBsky* Abraham, Pros. 
Congr. Chesed Shel Emeth of 
So. B'klyn (157 17th St.). 
since 1909. Term 1 year. 



»A.«. iOAl (^ T3....»l» 



r^^ . 



Choy 
St.), 
year 
Cam 
Wal 
tlrec 
PI.. 

C r o M 
(Ate 

481 

Orgr. 

Seat 

bre\s 

Levi 

B'kl; 

526 

Rabl 

Jero 

Ij e V 

Crov 
(481 
1916. 
1871 
S. 11 
J e M 
clotl 
Res. 
B'kl; 



OONCnODQATIONS 



269 



t?r. Shirts: 90 Prank- 
Res.: 11 W. 8Cth St.. 



I J«c*b 9t Browns* 
18 Watkins St. Or- 

OTg. 1900. Mem- 
: 90. Seating capa- 
0. Sick Benefit, Free 
[Cemetery, Study. 
Harry Brown. 115 
lore Ave.. B'klyn. 
Solomon Levy, 4S5 
Ave.. B'klyn. 

Imrrj, Prea. Congr- 
cob of Brownsville 
ITatklns St.). since 
Perm 1 year. Born 
Russia. Came to U. 
Received greneral 
education. Dealer In 
. Res.: 115 Glenmore 
klyn. 



X, 



laiattiiel of Borovicb 

Kh St. and 14th Ave., 
atlve. English Ser- 
)rcr. 1904. Member- 
5. Seating: capacity: 
ebrew School. Sister- 
ounflT Folks' Leagrue. 
: e r y. Pres.. Simon 
1434 57th St., B'klyn. 
Samuel Oreenberg:. 
d St.. B'klyn. Rabbi, 
^vine, 1450 fOth St.. 

SiaiOB* Pres. Temple 
1 of Borougrh Park 
It. and 14th Ave.). 
906. Term 1 year. 
60 in Russia. Came 
. 1874. Studied in 
n Gymnasium. 
: S E. 17th St. Res.: 
h St., B'klyn. 



Tewple Bnanuei of States 
Island, Haberton and Post 
Ave.,_ S. I. Orthodox. Or- 
ganised 1907. Membership: 
50. SeatlnpT capacity: 450. 
Sick Benefit. Insurance, 
Cemetery. Pres., H. L. Bo- 
dlne. Elm Park. Staten Is- 
land. Sec'y, Slfirnand Weiss. 
Port Richmond. S. I. 
Bodtae, Herman L^ Pres. 
Temple Emanuel (Haber- 
ton and Post Aves., S. L). 
since 1915. Term 1 year. 
Born 1878 In U. S. Received 
public school education. 
Merchant: Elm Park. S. I. 
Res.: Morning Star Road. 
Elm Park, S. I. 

Erste Steplner Conir.. 391 

Watkins St. Orthodox. Org. 
1897. Membership: 72. Seat- 
ing capacity: 300. Sick ben- 
efit. Free Loan, Cemetery. 
Pres.. Morris Engclman. 549 
Powell St.. B'klyn. Sec'y. 
David Cholodne, 376 Sara- 
toga Ave.. B'klyn. 

Enfrelman. Morris. Pres. 
Erste Steplner Cong. (391 
Watkins St.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1881 
in Russia. CiirtiG to U. S. 
1902. Received jfoneral edu- 
cation. Ros.: 549 Powell St.. 
B'klyn. 

Bsrath Iiirael. 582 Qates Ave.. 
B'klyn. Orthodox. Orj? 
1912. Membership: 20. Beat- 
Inf? capacity: 100. Pres.. 
Myron S. Yochelson, 820 La- 
fayette Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y 
and Rabbi, Abraham Sherr. 
589 Qates Ave.. B'klyn. 



COUMtJNAL RBafflTBM 



In Russia. Came to U. S. 
1809. Attended a 
Collector. Rea.: 1B9 
pher Ave.. B'klyn. 



formed. OrB- IB71. Mem- 
beralilp: I7B. Seating ca- 
pacity r TOO. Cemetery, 
School. PrcB., A. U L*v1, 
343 atuyvesant Si. aei'y 
Aaron Marcua, 4CI McDon- 
ouKh St., B'klyn. ttabbi, 
Nathan KraBH. 11 TS Onion 
St., B-klyn. 

Trmplr ■■rsFl. Roanoke Ave. 
and Sltite St.. Par Rocka- 
wny. RefnrmBd, Engllah 



KaulB KanhcTiik tl. V. 

S'lihard. S3 Moore f 
thodox. Org. IBlt. > 

210. Study. Cemeter: 
Abraham Abel, 991 L 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec' 



S'phard (33 Moore 
1373 m RuBBla. 



991 De Kail 




/ • 



OONOEUBOilTIONS 



' 278 



»: 7S. Se&tiDff capa- 
10. Fr«6 L«an, 81s- 
I. Cemeterj, Study. 
Jhrnm. Brand, 411 Jer- 
« 8*1(1711. fitoc'r, Lelb 
t '492 Hendriz 8t. 

Cluiriefl. Prea. Chev- 
MhuT Achlm Anshel 
(469 Hendriz St.); 
1917. Term 6 months. 
182 In Austria. Came 
1S96. RecelTed gran- 
irlsh education. Deal- 
idenrear: 547 Broad- 
fles.: 411 Jerome St., 



iC> —— eth Israel. 1821 
Ors. 1912. Orthodox, 
-ship: 76. SeatinsT ca- 
140. Cemetery. Pres., 
mverman, 4112 12th 
rklyn. Sec'y, Israel 
nan, 1846 4l8t St., 

rataa, Isaacs Pres. 
1 K'nesseth Israel 
end St.); elected 1917. 
months. Born 1857 
ila. Came to U. S. 
eceived flrsneral Jew- 
cation. Broker. Res.: 
th Ave., B'klyn. 

Israel B'aal Abra- 

6 Hooper St. Ortho- 
>rg, 1916. Member- 
10. SeatfDflr capacity: 
imetery. Study. Sec'y, 
rk, 862 Hewes St, 
Rabbi, Abraham 
ktt, 182 Havemeyer 
lyn. 



Orthodox. Orff. 1910. Mem- 
bership: 80. Seating capac* 
ity: 276. Cemetery. Pres., 
Arthur JuUen, 617 Warwick 
St., B'klyn. Sec'y, Abraham 
Zlvotofsky, 469 Pennsyl- 
vania Ave., B'kl3m. 
Jvllea, Arthar, Prea Chev- 
rah K'nesseth Israel Beth 
Jacob (648 Stone Avsu), 
since 1916. Term $ months. 
Bom 1871 in Roumania. 
Came to U. S. 1904. Attend- 
ed a Yeshibah. Rea: 617 
Warwick St^ B'klyn. 



Ceaff. K'aeaseth Israel I^Batli 
Beach, Bay Parkway and 
85th St.. B'klyn. Orthodox. 
Orgr. 1917. Membership: 20. 
Seatiner capacity: 270. He- 
brew School. Ladles' Soc 
Study. Pres., Abraham 
Sacks. 2156 88rd St., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, Hillel B. Krichev, 
Bath Ave. . and 28th St., 
B'klyn. 

Sacks, A b r a k a at ff Prea 
K'nesseth Israel D'Bath 
Beach (Bay Parkway and 
85th St.) ; elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born in Russia 
1834. Came to U. S. 1862. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Res.: 2166 88rd 
St. 



C*M>sssth Israel Beth 
648 Stone Ave.. 



CoBff. Kol Iiireel of Bro^ 
vllle, 176 Osborn St. Or- 
thodox. Org-. 1910. Mem- 
bership: 180. Seating capa- 
city: 200. Sick Benefit. 
Cemetery, Study. Pres., 
Samuel Loss, 168 Powell St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y. Joseph Oil- 
lule, 262 D u m o n t Ave.. 
B'klyn. 



Powell St., Bklyn. 

Cona:. Ltlnath Ha'^Chollm An- 
iihel Poland, 373 Saratogra 
Ave. Orthodox. Org, 1908. 
Membership: 42. Seating 
capacity: 200. Free Loan. 
Bikur C h o 1 1 m, Cemetery. 
Prea., Abraham Phillips. 266 
Rochester Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec*y, Samuel Fine. 66 Uraf- 
ton St., B'klyn. 
Pkllllps, A b r a b a m. Pres. 
ConsT* L i n a t h Ha-Cholim 
Anshei Poland (378 Sara- 
tosra Ave.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1875 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1890. Received greneral edu- 
cation. Res.: 266 Rochester 
Ave., B'klyn. 

Llaath Haaedek K. U. V., 98 

Rockaway Rd. Orthodox. 
Org*. 1910. Membership: 46. 
Seating capacity: 100. Sick 
Benefit, Insurance. Free 
Loan, Bikur Cholim Society. 
Cemetery. Study. Pres.. 
Louis Silverstein. Sec'y, Sam 
Vinegar. Rabbi. Chaim Zet- 



Membership: 60. 
pacity: 200. B 
School. Sisterh 
tery. Pres., B. 
Falrview Ave., 
Mr. Levinson. 
Kavetsky, 928 ( 
U L 

MapletoB Park Hi 
tute, 2024 66th S 
Org. 1914. Menr 
Seating capacit 
brew School, 
Study. Pres., j 
Pa riser, 612i 
B'klyn. ^ec'y, J 
ler, 1953 66th Si 

Parlner, Abraks 

Mapelton Park 
stitute (2024 661 
1915. Term 1 
1882 in N. T. 
C. C. N. Y. and 
Lawyer: 61 CI 
Res.: 6120 19th 

Cong. Men of J 

Park Pi. Ortl 
1909. Membersh 
Ing capacity: 8 



OONOBBOATIONB 



275 



^k PL), atnce 1911. 'Term 
< BoaUM. Born 1817 In 
Bitria. CSuno to U. & lt89. 
Baeelved seaoral Jewlab 
iiaoation. Drjr goodB, R«s.: 
Ut Btlph AtOh Vklrn. 



Omf^acyvr V^ S87 Ttaatford 
At«l Ortbodoz. Orff. 1907. 
Mimbenihlp: 88. 86 a 1 1 n s 
Mptdty: 170. Freo Loan, 
Camttery., Pre*., Tovla 
8Canibers; 484 H off em an 
Ah, Bmyn. Sac'r* Jacob 
Kat& 



Tavta, Pras. Cons. 
Majrar ^tI (887 Tbatford 
ATa.), tinea 1907. Term 6 
OMotba. Bom 1864 In Aua- 
trta. Came to U. S. 1908. 
Raeelved general J e w 1 a h 
•dacatlon. Retired. Rea.: 
494 Hageman Ave., B'klyn. 



Caaki HlaliluiB Tavael, 828 

Graaeeat St., Aatorla, L. I. 
Orthodox. Englfab and Tld- 
diah Sermon. Org. 1904. 
Memberablp: 80. Seating 
capadty: 800. Slaterhood. 
Caraatary. Prea.. Quatave 
Stelnar, 888 Jackaon Ave., 
Aatorla, I^. I. Sec'y and 
RabbL Henry Wechaler, 888 
Graaeent 8t, Aatorla, li. I. 

8MBn', Gwrtave^ Prea. Cong. 
Wabkan larael (886 Crea- 
aant St., Aatorla, L. I.), alnce 
1111 Term 1 year. Born 
1887 In Auatrla. Came to 
U. a 1887. Received gen- 
aral Jewlab education. 
Uquora. Rea.: S88 Jackaon 
Ave.. Astoria. I«. L 



Ckevnik Mlakaalotk Aaaket 
WaUea, 148 Varet St Or- 
-tbodox. Org. 1918. Mem- 
berablp: 84. bating capa- 
city: 860. Cemetery, Study. 
Prea., Moaea Zipper, 868 
Wallabout St, B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Abraham Zellg Hecht 171 
Mbore St., B'klyn. 

Kipper, Moaea, Prea. Chevrah 
Mlahnaloth Anahel Woblen 
(148 Varet St), ainoe 1914. 
Term 1 year. Born 1878 In 
Ruaala. Came to U. S. 1904. 
Received general Jewlab 
education. Jobber In bottlea. 
Rea.: 288 Wallabout St. 
B'klyn. 

Ckevrah MUhnaiotk of B. N. 

T., 836 Sheffield Ave. Ortho 
dox. Org. 1908. Member- 
ablp: 60. Seating capacity: 
120. Free Loan, Cemetery. 
Prea., Samuel Solomon, 886 
Sheffield Ave., B'klyn. 

CoBar. Moirea Abrakam of Kaat 

N. Y., 437 Schenck Ave. Or- 
thodox. Org. 1918. Mem- 
berablp: 50. Seating capa- 
city: 276. Sunday School, 
Ladlea' Auxiliary. Cemetery. 
Study. Prea.. laldore Zlot- 
chower, 616 Schenck Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y. Oalaa Qlaaa. 
437 Schenck Ave., B'kljm. 

ZIotchower, Inldore, Prea. 
Cong. Mogen Abraham of 
E. N. Y. (437 Schenck Ave.), 
alnce 191*4. Term 6 montha. 
Born 1876 in Auatrla. Came 
to U. S. 1898. Received 
general Jewlah education. 
Inaurance. Rea: 816 
Schenck Ave., Vkljn. 



AMX\fa\y<a T bk«%>A ■>««< 



lams Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y. 
Samuel Lakshln, 169 Ches- 
ter St., B'klyn. 
TalemtelB, M o • e «, Pres. 
Nachlath Israel (169 Chea- 
ter St.). since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1852 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1891. 
Received sreneral education. 
Contractor. Res. : 318 
Williams Ave., B'klyn. 

NttcUath Jtteob X^ri, 60 Moore 
St Orthodox. Org:. 1917. 
Membership: 160. Cemetery. 
Pres., Charles Webelowsky, 
Sec'y, Rev. I-ieon J. Risikoff, 
60 Moore St., B'klyn. Rabbi, 
Rev., M. C. Risikoff. 48 
Moore St., B'klyn. 

Nortk Side Heb. Cong», 46 th 

St., near Jackson Ave., Cor- 
ona, Jm I. Conservative. 
Bnfflish Sermon. Orff. 1914. 
Membership: 40. S e a 1 1 n gr 
capacity: 175. School, Sis- 
terhood. Pres., Samuel Perlo. 
Bast Klmhurst, L. I. Sec'y. 
Bernard Moss, 818 Stuyve- 

manf AVA.. AstoHa. Lt. I- 



Membership: 20 
capacity: 1544. 
Study. Pres., At 
etzky, 80 Amboy 
Sec'y. Henry S 
Eastern P'k^ 
Rabbi, Simon 
341 Stone Ave., I 

CoBff. Oheb Sboloi 

19 Varet St. Ort 
1894. M e m b e 1 
Seatlnsr capacity 
etery. Pres., Wn 
23 Stuyvesant I 
Seo'y, Louis E 
Boerum St., B'kl 

BenurtelB, HVll 

Cong. Oheb S 
B'klyn (19 Vare 
1916. Term 1 
1868 in Russia. 
U. S. 1886. Re 
eral Jewish edu 
dealer: 106 Th 
B'klyn. Res.: 
ant Ave.. B'kly 

Oheb Sholom Aat 
Galldm, 169 Leo 
thodox. Org. 18 



277 



(159 Iisonard St.), 
^6. ^erm 6 months. 
172 In Anatiia. Came 
18fO. BeceiTed gen- 
wish education. 
Res.: tt Johnson 
klyn. 

eh Kedcii* 168 Berrl- 
L Orthodox. . Orsr- 
embershlp: 60. Seat- 
ad ty: 200. Cemetery. 
L Hochfeld, 112 Ber- 
lU B'klTn. 800*7, A. 
1100 Sutter Ave.. 

,d* Gt Pros. Cong, 
edek (168 Berrlman 
nee 1111. Term 6 
. Bom 1867 In Rus- 
ame to U. S. 1892. 
d general Jewish 
on. Hat framea Res.: 
riman St. 

eh Zedek, 298 How- 
re. Orthodox. Org. 
embershlp: 100. Seat- 
paclty: 600. Pres., 
Braverman, 1783 
nt St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
molen, 1516 St. Johns 
Llyn. 

mmm^ Amrom, Pres. 
Oheb Zedek (298 
I Ave.); elected 1917. 
year. Born 1877 in 
Came to U. & 1897. 
»d general Jewish 
on. Salesman. Res. : 
■esident St., B'klyn. 

iMl Ahrakani, 815 

le St. Orthodox. Org. 
femhership: 87. Seat- 



ing capacity: 600. Pres., 
David It Miller, 628 Alaba- 
ma Ave., B'klyn. Seo'y, Mr. 
Shklor, 622 New Jersey Ave., 

B'klyn. 

BUUer, David RvMst Pres. 

Ohel Abraham (818 Hln«- 
dale St), since 1114. Term 4 
years. Bom 1868 in Russia.. 
Came to U. a 1890. Received 
thorough Jewish education. 
Cottons and Woolens: 117 
•Hester St Res.: 628 Alaba- 
ma Ave., B'klyn. 

CoMg. Ohel Isnne, 961 Bergen 
St. Orthodox. English Ser- 
mon. Org. 1906. Member- 
ship: 65. Seating capacity: 
66. Sunday School. Ladles' 
Auxiliary, Cemetery. Pres., 
Marcus Levlne, 840 Lincoln 
PI., B'klyn. Sec'y, Bernard 
L Finkelstein, 1463 Bedford 
Ave., B'klyn. Rabbi, Abra- 
ham Fisher, 961 Bergen St., 
B'klyn. 

Pereyaelnver Cons., 247 Sned- 
iker Ave. Orthodox. Org. 
1912. Membership: 100. 
Seating capacity: 340. Free 
Loan. Study. Pres., Jacob 
Warshavsky, 80 Osborn St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Charles Zoob, 
296 Berrlman St., B'klyn. 

'Wnmheveky, Jneob, Pres. 
Pereyaslaver Cong. (247 
Snedlker Ave.), since 1916. 
Term 1 year. Born 1863 In 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1906. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Bookbinder and 
paper dealer. Res.: 80 Os- 
born St., B'klyn. 



1200. Hebrew Scnooi. »i8ier- 
V hood, Junior pong.. Ceme- 
tery, Study. Pres., Wm. B. 
Roth. 1133 Eastern Park- 
way, B'klyn. Sec'y, Henry 
Seinfel. 964 Eastern Park- 
way. B'klyn. Rabbi, Israel 
Herbert Levinthal, 1233 
Eastern Parkway, B'klyn. 

Rotk, William B., Pres. 
Temple Petach T 1 k w a h 
(Rochester Ave. and Lincoln 
PI.), since 1914. Term 1 
year. Born 1864 in Hungary. 
Came to U.^. 1883. Received 
Jewish education in a 
Teshlbah. Banker: 861 Stone 
Ave., B'klyn. Res.: 1133 
Eastern Parkway, B'klyn. 

CkcTnik Foalel Zedek AnHkel 
Loaua, 256 Sutter Ave. Or- 
thodox. Org. 1911. Mem- 
bership: 60. Seating capa- 
city: 100. Cemetery. Pres.. 
Riveh Moncheck. 99 Bel- 
mont Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Isaac Stein, 1498 Pitkin 
Ave., B'klyn. 

MOBckeek, Klvek, Pres. 
Chevrah Poalel Zedek An- 



D Kiyi 

wax, 

Hagei 

rah ] 
An^hc 
(103 < 
Term 
in Ai 
1897. 
ish ec 
820 K 

Ska'are 

Ave. 

Meml 

ca p I 

Schoc 

Lew 

Bkly 

Robb 

B'kly 

Holla 

B'kly 

Lew 

Sha'a 

ford 

1 yef 

Recel 

catio 

Wort 

Rd., 



00KQBBQATI0N8 



279 



^hllUili. 61 Wfttkins 
lOdOJL OrsT- 1897. 
Up: Its. Seating 

1000. Cemetery, 
Prea^ Hyxnan H, 

140 PoweU St, 
Bec*7, Jacob Shers. 
1 St^ B'klyn. 

ml 'TpMllak, 8669 
St. Orthodox. Org. 
nberstalp: 80. Seat- 
city:^ 485. Hebrew 
Blste'rhood, Ceme- 
dy. Free., Nathan 
dt. 8688 Bay 15th 
n. Sec'y and Rabbi, 
affe. 24 Bay 2Srd 
n. 

dt, Hatkaa. Free. 
I a ' a r e 1 Tphlllah 
y 16th St.), since 
mi 1 year. Bom 
Austria. Came to 
)2. Received gen- 
sh education. Mfgr. 
125 Canal St. Res.: 
15th St., B'klyn. 

ird T'pklllak, Cen- 
, near Nellaon Ave..^ 
Laway, It. I. Ortho- 
g. 1808. Member- 
Seating capacity: 
terhood, Hebrew 
Itudy. Pres., Israel 
W. 21at St., N. T. 
dl B. Ruakay, Far 
y, U I. Rabbi, B. 
»r, 1366 Dickens St., 
caway, L*. I. 

plUllmk of Flvaklag. 

ngton St. Orthodox. 
1. Membership: 55. 
opacity: 76. Sister- 
natary- Fr«a.« Joa- 



eph Meltaner, 820 State St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Mr. SUenaon, 
153 Main St. B'klyn. 
Meltsner, Joaepk, Frea. Sha'- 
arel T'phlUah of Fluahlng 
(53 Washington St), alnca 
1912. Term 1 year. Bom 
1869 11} Ruaaia. Came to 
U. S. 1882. RecelTed gen- 
eral Jewish education. 
Mfgr. clothing: 21 Waverly 
Fl. Rea: 320 State St. 
B'klyn. 

CkeTrak Ska'arel 'TpUllak 
8'pkard Anshd Odeaaa, 168 

McKlbbin St Orthodox. Org. 
1893. Membership: 146. 
Seating capacity: 400. Sick 
Benefit. Free Loan, Ceme- 
tery, Study. Pres., Max 
Maisel, 249 Vernon Ave., 
B*klyn. Sec'y. Mendel Sharf. 
77 Midelton St, B'klyn. 

Maisel. Max, Pres. Chevrah 
Sha'arel T'phillah S'phard 
Anshei Odessa (153 McKlb- 
bin St.). since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1872 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1889. 
Received general education. 
Mfgr. shirts: 47 Siegel St, 
B'klyn. Res.: 249 Vernon 
Ave., B'klyn. 

Sheveth Achim Annhel Rat- 
ahoa Poland, 12 Moore St., 
Orthodox. Org. 1892. Mem- 
bership: 100. Seating capac- 
ity: 160. Sick Benefit. In- 
surance. Free Loan, Bikur 
Chollm, Cemetery. Frea.. 
Jacob Barnet, 580 Marcy 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, J. De- 
voro, 850 Fluahing Ave.. 
B'klyn. 



L^OMlfUNAL REGISTER 



1S66 In RuBflla. Came to U. 

at YoBhlbahn In .Poland. 
Chllflren'a lachets: 293 
Wallabout St.. B'klyn, Rea.: 
SSO Marcy Ave., B'klyn. 

Couk- Bhom'Hl GnaaBh. Bind 
St. and 14lh Ave. Orthodox. 
Org. 1909. MemberHhlp: 100. 
Seating capa.c<ty: SSO. Touns 
Polhs' Auxiliary. Cemetery, 
Study. PrpB., Simon Klotz. 
1266 50ih St., B-klyn. Seo'y. 
Henry N.ldBlwelaa, 511S 11th 
Ave., B'klyn. 



Rabbi, Leo JoBcb 
Tompkins Ave., B'l 
Habcr, Ailolph, Pres 

Abrahcini (72<; Oatc 
alnce lUlfi. Term 6 
Born 1S7T In Austrl 
to U. S. IS95. Recel 
era! Jewish and 
education. Butter ai 
197 Sth Ave, B'klyi 
711 Leilnffton Ave., 

Conar. Sonn ot larB*!, 

man St.. Middle Villi 
Orthodox. Org. ISOE 
bershlp: ED. SeatI 
paclty: 7S0. Hebrev 
Kreist 



Ed Is 



PI.. 




O0NCBIB8A11ONB 



281 



), since 1918. Term 
Bom lt76 In Hun- 
^tne to n. 8. 1886. 
t Public School edu- 
Utgr, watots: 56 W. 
, B*klyn. Res.: 70 
1 St., B'klyn. 

» «C Jvdali. 666 Sut- 

Ortliodoz. O r ff . 

mbershlp: 60. Seat- 

idty: 460. lialblsb 

Cemetery, Study. 

I ft z Kramer, 1848 

.Ye., B'klyn. Sec'y, 

TanooTits, 466 Je- 

, B'klyn. 

Max, Free. Congr. 

Judah (866 Sutter 
ince 1615. Term 6 

Bom 1878 In Aub- 

me to U. S. 1895. 

sreneral Jewish 

1. Clothing: 127 

St. Res.: 8S48 Plt- 
, B'klyn. 

ra B*aal Israel B. A. 

St. Orthodox. Or^. 
mbership: 60. Seat* 
city: 80. Sisterhood, 
r. Pros., Samuel 
{27 7th St.. B'klyn. 
. Goldman, 475 7th 
dyn. 

lamvel, PrB», South 
I B'nal Israel B. A. 
I St.); elected 1917. 
months. Born 1882 
a. Came to U. S. 
reived general Jew- 
Ltlon. Tailor. Res. : 
It, B'klyn. 



Awikel WokHB, ^ 



Sumner PI. Orthodox. Orir- 
1907. Mem ber ship: 116. 
Seating capacity: 660. Sick 
Benefit, Cemetery, Study. 
Pres., Meyer Roistacher, 91 
Cook St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Isaac Morman, 81 Oerry St, 
B'klyn. 

Rolstacker, Meyer* pres. 
Beth Ha-K'nesseth.Chevrah 
S'phard Anshel Wohlin (21 
Sumner PI.), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1869 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
190S. Received general edu- 
cation. Res.: 91 Cook St, 
B'klyn. 

Ckerrak S'pkard Anskel I^ra- 
silev, SI Manhattan A've. 
Orthodox. Org. 1901. Mem- 
bership: 125. Seating capa- 
city: 240. Sick Benefit, 
Cemetery. Pres., Charles 
Beresnick, 25 McKlbben St, 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Solomon 
Weiss, 85 Graham Ave., 
B'Hlyn. 

Beth Hn-KneMetk C k e v r a h 
Spkard Anskel Wokler, 11 

Sumner PI. Orthodox. Org. 
1907. Membership: 115. 
Seating capacity: 650. Sick 
Benefit, Cemetery, Study. 
Pres.. Myer Roistacher, 92 
Cook St, B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Isaac Morman, 81 Gerry St, 
B'klyn. 

T. T. Mlskkaa Israel of 
Jamaica, 27 Bendman Ave., 
Jamaica, L. I. Orthodox. Org. 
1914. Membership: 45. Seat- 
ing capacity: 150. Sister- 
hood, B 1 k u r Cholim Soc., 



side or B'klyn A n « h e I 
Emeth, 326 Keap St. Ortho- 
dox. Org. 1892. Mtmber- 
8hlp: 80. Seating capacity: 
400. Cemetery. Pres., Louis 
Orossberg. 136 North 6th St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Louis Gold- 
berger. 234 Hewes St., 
Bklyn. 

Grossbers, Lonla, Pres. Tal- 
mud Torah North Side of 
Bklyn Anshei Emeth (326 
Keap St.): since 1916. Term 
6 months. Born 1877 in 
Hungary. Came to U. S. 
1892. Received general 
Jewish education. Plumber. 
Res.: 186 N. 6th St.. Bklyn. 

CkeTnik mdlllm Crowa of 
Israel, 266 Thatford Ave., 
B'klyn. Orthodox. Org. 1891. 
Membership: 4 7 0. Seating 
capacity: 1,460. Free Loan, 
Sisterhood, Cemetery, Study. 
Pres., Harris Avldon, 2095 
Bergen St.. B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Abraham Winlck, 449 Stone 
Ave., B'klyn. 

Avldon, Horrts, Pres. Chev- 
rah T'hlllim Crown of Israel 
(256 Thatford Ave.), since 
1918. Term 1 year. Born 
1870 In Russia. Came to 

U. S. 1891. RflPPivprl arnnoyat 



Shenbron, 12 
Bklyn. 

TanMky. A lei 
Chevrah T'hill 
naloth of B'kl 
St.), since 191 
. year. Born II 
Came to U. I 
oeived genera] 
cation. Groce 
Cook St., B klj 

Ckevnik T'kllllni 
kenos, 592 Lin 
thodox. Org. 1 
ship: 86. Seat 
250. Free Los 
Study. Pres., B 
wtu. 4 4 6 Li 
B'klyn. Sec'y, : 
Blnkofvlt«« Mc 
Chevrah T'hill; 
Ashkenax (692 
since 191^. Tei 
Born 1876 In I 
to U. S. 1890. I 
eral Jewish edi 
tons: 64 Worth 
Lin wood St., B* 

CoBir. Tlferetk 
Rabbi Meyer 1 

141 Christophe 
thodox. Org. 



ootrwnt&TiOiNB 



288 



Pres. Cong. 
TUertth B^nal Jmoob lUbbl 
hmuUlmwr (141 Chrlato- 
fbtr Av«w). alnoe ltl6. T«rm 
f BontbB. Bom 18C6 In 
Aivtrla. Cmm% to U. 8. 1M6. 
Baedved ireneral education. 
Ret.: 126 Stone Are^ B'lUyn. 

Oie» of TiOMvd TOnik Ttph- 
cMCfe lanwU 171 Penneyl- 
nata Atol Orthodox. Or^. 
IMl Membership: 200. 
Setting capacity: 6(0. Free 
Uta, Rellffloue School, Sis- 
ttrhood, Boye* Cong., Ceme- 
tery, Study. Prea» Bamett 
Jtffe. 177 New Jersey Ave., 
BTtlyn. Sec'y, Mr. Tafer- 
iky. Rabbi, Rablnowitz, 
I f I Pennsylvania A ve . , 
BTUyn. 



TIp i e r e t h Israel CToBir^ '46 

ODok SL Orthodox. Orgr- 
ItM. Membership: 12. Seat- 
tsff capacity: 220. Free., 
Imei Bordowsky, 46 Cook 
8t. Vklyn. 



Israel. Wll- 
loq^hby and Throop Aves., 
Bidyn. Orthodox. Org. 1906. 
Membership: 176. 'Seatlngr 
etpadty: 1000. Charity, Hos- 
plUls, Hebrew Free School, 
Kdlglous School, Cemetery, 
Stndy. Pros., Morris Rosen- 
ftUL 606 Van Buren St., 
Fklya. Sec'y. Nathan 
BsUnowltx, 610 Greene Ave., 
Fklyn. 

Tlph«vetk Israoi Aashcl 
Brsmunrflllew 96 Rockaway 
Ava Orthodox. Ors« 1916. 



Membership: 40. Saattns 
capacity: 200. Cemetery. 
Pros.. Jacob Mlnerfeld, 210 
Douslas St., B*klyn. ^ec'y, 
Samuel Farber, 164 Thatford 
Ave.» B'klyn. 



Cmiff* TIpkeretk Israel of A\ 
trim, 25 Sie^el St. Orthodox. 
Orff. 1900. Membership: 40. 
Seating capacity: 200. Ceme* 
tery. Study. Pres., Harry 
Balser, 186 McKlbben St, 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Kisriel Llp- 
shlts. 81 Bartlett St., B'klyn. 

Balser, Harry, Pres. Conff. 
Tiphereth Israel of Austria 
(25 Sle^el St.), since 1915. 
Term 6 monthsr Born 1882 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1902. Received greneral Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
Insurance. Res.: 186 Mc- 
Klbben St.. B'klyn. 

Coair« Tipherctk Israel of So. 
B'klya, 685 14th. St. Ortho- 
dox. Orgr* 1899. Member- 
ship: 52. Seating capacity: 
640. Cemetery. Prea, Samuel 
Schulman. '442 15th St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Ben Zion 
Dickerstein, 897 14th St., 
B'klyn. 

SeknlmsB, S s m n e 1 • Pres. 
Cong. Tiphereth Israel of 
So. Brooklyn (886 14th St), 
elected 1917. Term 1 year. 
Born 1881 In Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1881. Received 
high school education. 
Merchant, 89 B. Broadway. 
Res.: 442 16th St, B'klyn. 

Cmm* of Tiphereth Bloa Tai* 
sivd Tomh. 1867 Prospect 



x> Kiyn. Sec'y, Alexander 
Hoffman. 1827 Prospect PI.. 
B'klyn. 

C k e T r • h Tomchel Zedakah, 

SOS Jerome St. Orthodox. 
Or^T- 1916. Membership: 70. 
Seating capacity: 200. Ceme- 
tery. Pres., A. Nathanson, 
511 Jerome St, B'klyn. Sec'y, 
I. Schechter, 912 Blake Ave., 
B'klyn. 

NatkansOMi A., Pres. Chevrah 
Tomchel Zedakah (^03 
Jerome St.), since 1915. 
Term 6 months. Born 1864 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1892. Received greneral Jew- 
ish education. Clothing. 
Res.: 511 Jerome St., B'klyn. 

Coas. of Yesklbath Bctk 
Tabnek, 409 Blake Ave. 
Orthodox. Org. 1916. Mem- 
bership: 80. Seating: capac- 
ity: 100. Study. Pres., 
LiOuis Fiterstein, 482 Powell 
St, B'klyn. Sec'y, Philip 
Brody, 400 Christopher Ave.. 
B'klyn. 

Fiterstein, Lovls, Pres. 
Yeshibath Beth Y a b n e h 
(409 Blake Ave.), elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1877. Received general 



Aar 
Ave 

Zemai 

Ortl 

ber£ 

pad 

Cem 

dore 

St., 

tal. 

Rab 

72 G 

Keci 

Con( 

Moo: 

1 ye 

sia. 

Rece 

educ 

130 : 

Zembli 

St 
Mem 
capa* 
Sick 
Pres. 
Wall 
Sam I 
St, E 

Klo 

Zoml 



CU Nfl M S ATIONB 



285 



CiMimikt 623 Blake 
▲▼•. Orthodox. Orff. 1914. 
Ktoibeiteilp: T8. Seating 
eapadtr: 100. Ladles' AuzU* 
Unr» Blknr Cliolliii« Oeme- 
tttiT. I^rea.. Harry SoUner, 
m Bristol St., B'klyn. 860*7, 
lltnaahe Karaan, 444 Rock- 
away Ato., B'klyn. 
Mtaaw Hany» Prea Zlto- 
nlrer ChoTrah (523 Blake 
A?e.). alnee 1210. Term 6 



montha Born 1882 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1905. 
Received ireneral Jewish 
education. Seltser Hf^r. 
Res.: 241 Bristol St.. B'klyn. 

Zlphrah Scvcd Corns** 12 Cook 
St., B'kl3m. Orihodoz. Org. 
1212. SeatinsT capacity: 200. 
Prea, Charles Hlrsch, 601 
B u s h w 1 c k Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, Isaac Chauss, 120 
Boerum St, B'klyn. 



CH>lfPl«BTB UnrORHATIOIf M liACKIHG ON THS 

ipoixownfo STNAGO6UB81 



Aiith lerael of BrowasrlUe, Cone Elle>er of B. H. Y., 182 

'' 1714 Pitkin Ave. Hinsdale St. 

Onis; Amahel Ckeaed of Temple Israel, 10 So. Falrview 

Vklya* 02 Hersl St. Ave., Rockaway Beach. 



OieSi Bctk Ahrmh 
Howard Ave. 



am, 770 



Utk Bohim Coa*., 274 Keap 

St. 

BcCh Hadmeaeth Shel Hoack 
Ifcvy. 200 Hudson Ave. 



Beth Jacoh, 270 Reld 



Ava 



Ohollm* 21 Wyona St. 



Cmg, BOnr CTholtm, 14 Qra- 
liam Ava 



CoBflT. Jamaica Syaasosae* 20 

North Washinerton St., Ja- 
maica, L. L 

Hoont Slaal Coac, 806 State 

St. 

Rockaway Beach Coas^t Blvd. 

and Dodges St. 

Shaarel Zedek (Gate of Rlvht- 
•ommeMi), 765 Putnam Ave. 

Coac Sheveth Achlat Aashel 
RetehOBoe, 807 Wallabout 
St 



r 



/ 287 



t 

VAAD HORABBONIBI OF NEW YOBK 
(Board of Aut&oritative Rabbis) 

By Rabbi J. Eskolskt, Secretary 



The Vaad Horabbonim, or Board of Authoritative 
Babbis, was organized under the auspices of the Eehillah 
of New York, in 1911. The intolerable conditions which 
prevailed in the religious life of New York Jewry made 
the organization of this Board imperative. The most 
veiiog problem of all was that of the rabbinate. Who 
way perform the functions of rabbi and who may nott 
Is it sufficient for one to be engaged by a congregation 
and dubbed ** Reverend "t Or is it necessary to receive 
tbe authorization (Hatorath Horoho) of some leading 
Jewish rabbit There was no authoritative body to lay 
down the rule or to enforce it. The Vaad Horabbonim 
was organized to supply this communal deficiency. 

The first ten members of the Board were chosen by 
the Eehillah from among the recognized and well-known 
rabbis in New York City. These were authorized to aug- 
ntent the membership of the Board and accordingly they 
i&vited the co-operation of twenty other rabbis, all of 
whom were attached to well known congregations and 
had rabbinical authorization from the recognized rabbis 
of the old world. The membership of the Board is now 
increased to forty-one ; all of them admittedly competent 
to decide questions of ritual (Shaalos) and all other 
Blatters pertaining to religious conduct. 



ditional jurisdiction of the rabbi. 
Board did not neglect to make its 
many of the social and philanthr 
York Jewry. A cursory review ( 
show to what extent the Jews o: 

services of this Board. 

« 

1. Kcuhmth, The Committee o 
by the Board, divided the city int 
rabbis of each district were urged 
Kashruth under their control. 

The chicken markets were put 
sion, the supervisors taking care 
have its full quota of properly i 
Care was also taken that slaug) 
before nightfall on Saturdays « 
nicious practice that had prevail 

Supervisors (Mashgichim) we 
the butcher shops, to make sur 
buying kosher meat, that he re 
animal forbidden to Jews (Niku 
properly rinsed (Hadocho). 1 
essential as it was, was afterwa 



SKLraiOUS FUNCTIONARIES 289 

eided stand against a number of rabbis who were ready to 
eonntenance a certain amount of levity in Nikur. 

The committee also watched that the unleavened 
breidly the wine and liquors, as well as all other food 
artieles used for Passover shall be free from any sus- 
picion of "Chometz" or leaven, requiring that every 
article marketed shall have the ''Hechscher" of a recog- 
nized rabbL 

The committee discouraged the use of Esrogim grown 
in the south of the United States, contending that per- 
miadon to use them must be preceded by the authoriza- 
tion of competent rabbis, after they will have visited the 
plantations and will have convinced themselves that these 
Esrogim are pure and not of a ** mongrel breed". 

The Vaad also took a decided stand against the sausage 
factories which pass themselves off as '^ kosher'' without 
submitting to rabbinical supervision. 

Lack of funds hindered the Board, considerably, from 
exercising its full authority in matters of Kashruth. But, 
in spite of this handicap, the Board succeeded in greatly 
ameliorating the Eashruth situation. 

2. Marriage and Divorce. The Board insistently cau- 
tioned the Jews of New York City against the granting 
of divorce decrees by self-styled and incompetent rabbis. 
It was reiterated most emphatically that such decrees 
were invalid, and hence a menace to the Jewish marital 
relationship. The effect of this propaganda ultimately 
began to make itself felt, and today very few divorce 
decrees are issued by the unauthorized and uninitiated. 

3. Jewish Education. Looking upon Jewish Education 
from its purely religious aspect, the Board deemed it its 



urgent appeals in the pulpit calling 
the Talmud Torahs, Yeshiboth ai 
gartens. 

The attitude of the Board on edu« 
it to a disagreement with some of 
Bureau of Education, which was 1 
auspices of the Kehillah. The Board 
session, or time allowed for daily 
Bureau, for the schools affiliated w 
insufficient for effective religibus tvt 
versy ultimately led to the separ^ 
Horabbonim from the Kehillah, anc 
been working independently. 

The Board opposed the Gary Sys 
Schools of New York and also re^ 
against the policy of the National I 
making Yiddish, instead of Hebrew, 
instruction. 

4. War Relief for Rabbis. The B 
*'Ezrath Torah Fund'' for alleviatii 
Rabbis and all other religious funct 
world who were affected by the ravage 

thonsAnH H nil am wprp rniRpH for flii« f 



MEumofUB nrkcmoNARiBB 



891 



tine, and the Board it alwaya ready to co-operate with the 
coiBBanes of these inatitatioDa who oomie to collect funda 
in thia eoontry. 

Fran the above it will easily be seen that the main 
pnrpoae off the Vaad Horabbonim is the perpetuation of 
tnditional Judaism in this country. The Board is con- 
noeed that this can be achieved only when the various 
•etirities ini^ugurated by it will reach a higher degree 
rf effieieD^ and thoroughness. Needless to say that the 
VBpathies of the Board are wide enough to include in 
its programme not only the regulation of purely religious 
ifidrs, but all other matters which pertain to Judaism 
ind to the welfare of the Jewish people. Thus, the Board 
is ready to assist with all its might in the restoration of 
the Jewish people to its historic home-land and to enlist 
die Orthodox congregations in behalf of this great ideal. 
The Board considers it also advisable that a committee 
of prominent Jews shall co-operate with the rabbis to 
hring about the necessary improvements in our religious 
ibirs, and also to take care that the rabbis should be 
properly provided for and not be continually exposed to 
t hazardous and insufficient income. 



OFFICERS: Pres., Kabbi E 
Avenue A. Sec'y, Rabbi I. Esl 
Established and incorporated 1£ 



Gnth, Benjamin Bamch, Pres 
of N. Y. (256 E. B'way), since 1 
1856 in Hungary. Came to U. S 
at Teshibah and Gymnasium. R 



Members of Vaad 

Amnowlts, Benjamin, 9 Mont- Gi 
gomery St. 



Ckanowlts, Zalmnn, 81 E. 
110th St. 

Coken, Bamch, 68 W. 116th St. 

CoheBt B., 124 Monroe St. 



Gi 

GI 
Gc 



Dlekateln* Ren ben, 155 E. Go 
B'way. 

Gi 
Bakolaky, Jacob, 256 E. B'way. 

Gc 
Frankel, David, 349 E. 4th St. 

HI 
FinkeUteln, I., 36 Thatford 



BBiieflOUS FUNCnONABDS 



Ml 



■., 107 Bast BaMB«wltB, M 



IM 



eck. SiOkl, 111 Golum- 

»t 

Bamch Meyer, SIS E. 

St 

Phllflp, 1S7 W. lltth St. 
• 90 Orchard St. 



ISS W. 



St. 



la. M. S. ISSS liadlson 



Altar Skatal, 111 Ave- 



Thatford Ave. 



RIbUmC Meadelt 48 Moore St.. 
VlHyn. 

Sax, Jekoda, 160 B. B*wa7. 

Sckaeir, A^ 97 Attorney St. 

•kerauum Meeea, 16 W. llSth 

St. 
TaaMiakai; Mosea, 6t0 Stone 

Ave., B'klyn. 

Weteer, Rapluiel, 1619 Wash- 

Inirton Ave. 

Welablaai, Llpa, 841 B. Sd St. 
IMTelaa, Isaac, 249 B. 2nd St. 



[oaea J^ 1 Windsor PI.. Wendrawsky, Isaac, 818 Madl- 

n. son St. 



By Rev. Dr. D. de Sc 

In 1881, Gustav Gotthei: 
Huebsch (Ahavath Chesed), 
Jeshurun), Eaufinann Eohler 
Mendes (Shaaray TefUa) a: 
(Shearith Israel) organized t 
Jewish Ministers. Henry S. < 
until his death in 1893. Sut 
been Kaufmann Eohler, H. 
Joseph Silverman, 1906; F. 
Maurice H. Harris, 1910; B< 
Rudolph Grossman, 1914, and 
Membership is open to qualifi 
Greater New York and its vie 

The functions of the Board 
three-fold : 

1. The Consideration of Co 
the Board's deliberations and i 
Hebrew Institute, reorganized 
of the Educational Alliance ; tl 
which the Emanuel Brotherh 



n 



BBjIOiaUB FUNOnOMABIEB 2H5 

re of the Jewish deaf-mutee came from the Boardt 
s records show that it is the intellectual father of )a i 
r of other communal movements and organizations 
ortance. 

18 consistently called for observance of the dietary 
Q residential institutions, and adequate religious 
stion and religious services* in child-caring instftu- 
Many communal institutions have become mark- 
tore Jewish under the urgings of the Board. The 
has eo-operated with communal movements and 
zations, supplying them with preachers and lec- 
and supporting their work in the pulpit and by 
lervice. 

Board has stood like a watchman in the com- 
f. It has tried in various ways to offset Christian 
nary activity. Again and again it has opposed 

and Christmas celebrations and sectarian ezer- 
1 the Public Schools. It has taken action to elimi- 
le study of the Merchant of Venice from the public 
curriculum. It has fought proposed blue laws and 
d in Albany for more liberal Sabbath legislation, 
negotiated with Colleges and Universities to avoid 
I examinations set on Jewish holy-days. In the 
1 community it has helped the fight to suppress 
raciug, improper dance halls, intemperance, the 
evil, tuberculosis, etc., and has supported the ac- 
1 of liberal immigration societies, child-welfare 
1, etc., etc. 

''he DisctLs^ian of Practical, Theological and Ritual 
cnt. In sudi problems as those of Gkt, Chalitza, 
larriage. Conversion, Jewish Laws of Hygiene, 



The Door of Hope, a manual of prayers 
readings upon visiting the cemetery, and 
relid at its meeting, a volume was publisl 
taining those on Jewish Eugenics by Ma 
Defective in Jewish Literature, by Joel Bl 
Punishment Among the Jews, by D. de S 
sessiops have been addressed by distin^ 
scholars. 

3. Social. The spirit of fraternal co-o 
the Rabbis of the city has been actively i 
Board, both in the professional work and 
life of the members. It has made it possi 
co-operate as an organized unit with 01 
associations, both in the United States a 
also with clergymen of other faiths. W 
of its resources, the Board gives unob 
superannuated colleagues, and minister! 
difficulties. 

The Board is active today in all these 
the increased influence of weight of num 
sentative character, the original members! 
increased ten-fold. At the beginning, the 



BEU8KNIS vuvananfAsam 297 

View TiibereiiIiNri8 Hospital fhe Board aapportB a Jewiah 
Soeial Serfioe nune. Sarvioea are hdd wliereYer poasiUe, 
prayer booka are aapplied and the Jewiah festivals and 
hdy-daja are observed* In many cases, especially in the 
caae of the institutions outside of New York City, the 
Chajdaina aet aa the sole link between the juttient in the 
institatkm and the family in the city, bringing messages 
of dieer from one to the other and bearing gifts of com- 
fort to the patient, earing for the family that may be in 
want, or taking measores to prevent the spread of disease 
in the &mily. A large measure of social service snpple- 
nients the visits to the institutions. In innumerable cases 
the Chaplain is specially called to the bedside of a suf- 
ferer or a dying patient, to give the consolation of relig- 
ion, and numberless acts of true charity are done for the 
nd^ fhe afflicted, the dying or the dead. Until recent 
TeuB, the community as a whole has not been alive to the 
growing problem of this work, so that the Board has had 
to grapple with it with altogether inadequate resources. 
Inereased support for which the Board appeals will en- 
able the work to be so thoroughly organized, that the 
menge of brotherhood, love and religion will be brought 
to every hospital and asylum in the city and state where 
ttere is a Jewish sufferer. 

The Board holds the unique position of a non-partisan 
(>ganisatidh, comprising representatives of Reform, Con- 
■ervatism and Orthodoxy, working in harmony and 
miited in the higher synthesis of Judaism. For this 
mean the Board has become the representative Bab- 
Unieal organization of Oreater New York, and to it both 
Jewish and non-Jewiah organizations turn when they 



today the authoritative representative ( 
both within and without the Jewish cob 



New York Board of Jewish 

OPPICERS: Pres., Dp. D. de Sola Poi 
St. Sec'y, B. A. Tintner, 229 W. 97tli St. 
incorporated 1881. Membership 55. 

"Meets monthly at Temple Emanuel 
views. Takes up all matters of interest 
activity is organization and conduct of Jew 
in the hospitals and asylums of Greater ^ 
religious visitors to the public hospitals 
supports a Jewish social service nurse in 
in conjunction with the Eastern Council c 
Has issued a Mourner's book of comfort a 
essays. Membership open to orthodox ai 
alike. 

Pool, D. de Sola, Pres. N. Y. Board o 
1916, and of Young Judaea (44 E. 23rd 
Term 1 year. Born 1885 in England. Cai 
Studied at Universities of Berlin and He 
at Jews College, London, and at Seminar 
Berlin. Rabbi Cong. Shearith Israel (Ce 
and 70th St.). Res.: 102 W. 75th St. 



Members of the N. Y. Board of Jew! 



tasuimoim FUNonoNABUEB 



299 



nut gt. 



BL 



lU W. LcTTi 



^ Ave. 



17S B. 7ttb 



A« 41 W. 7Snd 



• H. &• Its West End 



IL» 10 Prospect 
HtK & W^ Rklyn. 



, CllftM 

Morris Ave. 



iOOl 



Lewto* Harry 8- «10 W. 184th 
8t 



LerlBiMB, S. J^ 671 Westmin- 
ster Rd., B'klyn. 

Ltekter, BcaJamlB, Far Rock- 
away, L. L 

LIssMaa, Bdwmr«, 1117 7th 

Ave. 



St 



4t W. 86th IJpkia, O^ 818 W. llSth St. 



MiMete, Herbert 8^ • E. 

•7U8L 

mrttia , Jseeb, 176 Bay 29th 
8t, Bensonhurst, Lu I. 

QMrtHa, SMaey B^ 86 W. 
Uth St. 

ft t fleM , 9mmmmU 841 W. 

Ulth St. 



R«d«l»k, 1347 Lez- 
ioffton Ave. 

Vftla. HawHcff H« 864 W. 

ind St 



116 E. 96th St. 



*^«9frtelB. Meyer, 1860 Boston 
Rotd. 

*^ Jec^b. SO W. 107th St. 

<«vtitluii, Israel H^ 1076 
^tero Parkway, B^dyn. 



Loweaatetn. G^ 640 W. 166th 
St 



Lyoae, Alexaader, 640 W. 

165th St 

Jfasaea. J. W 866 Snd Ave. 

Marsolla, Ellas, 601 W. 168nd 
St 

Meades, H. Pereira, 99 Cen- 
tral Park West. 

Meades, F. de Sola, 164 W. 

82nd St 

Mosee, leaae S^ 219 W. 81st 
St 

Pool, D. de Sola, 108 W. 76th 
St 

Retckert, Isidore, 535 W. 148th 
St. 



Relekler, 

St. 



860 B. 161st 



g^ Tarlaa* Jacol 

St. 
Silverman, Jo««pli, 45 B. 75 th 

St. Tlntner, B. A 

Solomon, Bllna M^ 631 W. 

168th St. W*"** 8*«Pl>« 

St. 

Spear, Joaeph D^ 129 E. 105th 

St. ZInaler, li^ 77 



801 



£ CANTORS AND THEIB PROBLEM 

By Bbv. N. Abramson 
PreHdeni, Jeivish Cantors* Assodaiion 

problem of the cantor or professional chazan may 
imed up under three heads : the trial performance, 
irt-term contract and the congregational politician, 
are the three evils which beset the pathN of the 
and their baneful influence is not only the cause 
dejection and humiliation^ but also very often the 
if his degradation. It must be borne in mind that 
Qtor combines both the artist and the religious 
msLTy and that the ill-treatment to which he is 
iibjected not only debases his art, but also degrades 
imunal dignity. 

trial performance, in its last analysis, is nothing 
t a kind of petty graft indulged in by many of 
igregations at the expense of the cantor. A con- 
on has a vacancy to fill. Naturally, it will not 
a cantor without hearing him first. The cantor 
3t receive any remuneration for the trial service. 
Qgregation has lost nothing and consequently is in 
rry to consummate the bargain. The following 
ay another cantor is heard, on trial, and the pro- 
repeated for many weeks. This means virtually a 
in salary, which the congregation would have had 
to an engaged cantor. Taken in its entirety, the 
(ion is thus losing thousands of dollars annually, 
remedy is very simple, it is the duty of the cantor 
it on payment for the trial service. This would, in 



first place, accelerate eugagements, and in the aecoi 

Bplace, do away with the other evil mentioned above, fl 

nshort-term contract of which I shall speak presently. 

Among tlic many time-honored traditions of the Jew) 

|of the old world, the relationship of the Jewish comniD) 

ity to its chaaan wa^ surely one most worthy of emnB 

Ition, The chasan was almost always a highly respe^ 

member of the commiinity and always took his M 

among the learned and pious of the town. Once he wi 

jgiven his contract and his name was entered in t4| 

'Pinkus," he retained hia position for life. Moreo«| 

is widow received a pension after his death and if ii 

an happened to be qualified for the sacred ofBce, he ba 

he "Chazakali" or first claim to his father's place. 

To the great regret of those in the profession, thi 
leautifal tradition was discontinued in the new woriJ 



BSLIQI0U8 rUVOnONAWKB SOS 

ram all oongr^^tional tranaactionsy whether it is the 
kgement of a rabbi or the renovating of the vestry 
(la. This man is the deadly enemy of the cantor. He 
8 care that the cantor shall not gain too many ad- 
os in the congregation, because this may lead to a 
swal of the contract, without his benign intercession. 
weapons are those of guarded slander and petty 
leeution. And he i)er8ists in them till he dislodges his 
1 and then starts the game all over again with the 
^ineombent 

ometimes the congregational politician is replaced by 
congregation itself. In this case, the. money is not 
:ted for personal use. As a rule it is asked for the 
pose of defraying the costs of some particularly heavy 
enditure of the synagogue ; the paying off of part of 
principal on the mortgage or the repairing of the 
ice. In other words, the congregation makes the un- 
unate candidate meet a liability which the members 
[me and are unwilling to face, 
he Jewish Cantors' Association, which was organized 
At fifteen years ago, has been striving hard to do 
y with all these evils. It insists, in the first place, 
; its members demand pa3anent for trial services and 
nnately it has found willing ears, at least, among the 
e prominent and self-respecting members of the pro- 
ioDu The Association is also ready to act as inter- 
liary between the cantors and the congregations, to 
ig them together for their mutual benefit. The cantor 
dd receive better treatment and more advantageous 
m through the elimination of the congregational 
itieian ; the congregation would be guarded against a 



It of interlopers, whose musical qualifications, knoi^ 

•e of liturgy and religious conduct are below the 
§ted standard. There is no doubt that if tlie eongrs 

i of this country would avail themselves of 
jrices of the Association whenever they have a vacanei 
fell, that it would ultimately improve the condition 
I cantor and, incidentally, that of the eongregatioo. 
f he project of founding a seminary for the training 
1 cantors was fostered for many years by thfl 
ftoeiation. The aim was to supply the needs ol 
fterican Jews by training young men for the profv 
instead of relying, exclusively, on the "finiahol 
Bduet" coming hither fi'om the old world. The projectl 
lately materialized, and a cantors' seminary wm 
Biied. But the curse that has blighted many a worthy 
llertaking in tJiis community, soon overtook this one 



RHUOIOUS FUNCnONABIES 305 

Ltore may hope to handle successfully. Only the 
tenetl, well organized community may cope with 
tire nituation successfully, and the coming of such 
monity is the hope and the salvation of the Jewish 
■ in this city- 



Cantors' Association of America 

77 Delanccf St. 
'"ICERS: PreB,. Nathan Abramson, 287 Henry St. 
Jo6e>pb Salznuui, 312 E. TZad St, Bstabllsbed 1S9T. 
-mhlp 136. 

unsoB, NaUwD, Pre*. Cantors' Aaa'n of America (77 
»7 St.); elected 1917. Term 1 year. Born 1S70 Is 
.. Cams to U. 8. 1903. Received thorougta Jewlih 
Ion. Cantor: People's SynaRogue. Res.: 2S7 Henrr St. 



New ToA Olty Heonben 

om. A... 1116 4trd St. 



■^ HmrvtM, ISI BBBt camtn. A„ »»7 Saratoia Ave.. 

flwmy, B'klyn. 

t *• *" '•""«■ 8'- c.m.o,. N.. 13BT 44th St.. 

^- B'klyD. 

Jwwvh, 11E3 Madlaon 

BpFOB, 9., »7E Union Ave. 

■-, lot BL TIth St. BpatelB, D., lOSD Slmpion Bt. 



OOMMUNAli BEGISTEB 
iFrachlcnbers. A. iS Norfolk Kldnnrt. S.. GIB W. Ultb 81 
KIcDDor, H^ 106 CanHl SL 



■Praak, ] 



sn 



■ntrol Park 



B'klyn. 



, r„ 231 Chealfr St 



iFrohnian. J., 1I>1 Cllntoti St. 

■<iBni[ur>ik7, J. I— 11B Brot 
I Ave. 

|(i1ovllB, J.. 110 t-encii Ave, 

■ I'bmldl. N., 1227 nosli 



Lcfknnlta. L.. 790 Rlvenld' 
Dilve. 

Lev. »U SOS WllUanni A« 
B'klyn. 

LnlDr, Sam, ISB Amboy SL 



507 E. P'kway. 
I,., 76) Beck St. 



ftEUGIOUB FUNCTIONARIES 



307 



ttapNfMtt Jn 1178 41st St. 

RlektfdMm J. M- 770 Jeffer- 
son Ave,, B'klyn. 

Rotetto, H. A., 58 Shandon 
Ave.. Far Rockaway. 

Rateaa, A«, Detroit, Michlsran. 



Sdvarer, M., 826 Beck St. 

Sehmyer, N.. 480 B. 178th St. 

Schwarta, J., 78 W. 85th St 

Seldemaa, L.. 1431 Madlion 
Ave. 



Saltbcrs; 
Ave. 



28 Plnehurst Shaffer, M., ^4 E. 72nd St. 



SalsmaM, Joseph* 812 E. 72nd 
8t 

SiplrstelB* 9^ 1886 Douslaes 
St, B'klyn. 



Slesel, M^ 107 W. 117th St 
Sllrere, H.. 84 Essex St. 

Somcratela, Joseph, 611 E. 6 th 

St 



Sarofraynky, M., 536 Hopkln- 
son Ave., B'klyn. 



Slasror, A^ 737 Gates Ave., 
B'klyn. 



lertalek, EL. 610 Blake Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Sebschtor, M^ 262 Thompklns 
Ave.. B'klyn. 

Sekaea, M^ 81 Eldridgre St 



St 



Joacph, 510 W. 147th 



Scklayer, 9., ISO Wadsworth 
Ave. 



Sukaealry, A., 24 E. 99th St 

TannenhauA, Jom., 234 E. 82nd 
St 

WolfherflT, M. J., 225 E. 4th St 

Welaner, S., 204 E. 113th St 

Weehiilor, BI. G., 1732 Madison 
Ave. 

Welamaa, J., 221 E. Broadway. 



tckruaenk, Carl, €0 So. Ninth Wlemon, S.. 62 Lovls Ave.. 
St. B'klyn. B'klyn. 



BHOCHETIH 

Tbe following Is a, list o( Shoclietlm, wbo are memb 
tbe various ABSoclatioiiB of Shochetlm in New York Cit 
who responded to mall iaquirlee sent to vertiy tbe 
dresees: 



121 Greenpolnl Caalakra, Bcrlack, lit 



BMhcmokB, laSBc J, 



Bcrmu, Auhel. IDS HcKlbben 
St., B'klyn. 

BUn, Jacob K., ie« B. 171it 8t. 

BlDom. Ilermaii D., RTfi Fluih- 




KKLHSUnm FUNCnONABIEB 



809 



Brlttol SL, Blclyn. 



KHMfM, A. I«^ 26 Attora«y 
St. 



BiUtevffW, WM«, ft WlUett K 



St 



\ 



wood Ave. 



Balynte. Hmtrnm, 108 Hopkins Ij«««r, Vouim, 7fS Hopklnson 
St, B'klyn. Ave. 



B'klyn. 



87S Bristol St. 



HeltKwtt, J^ 7S Sumner Ave., 
Bklyn. 

Hcakiii. BeaJ^ S14 B 6<t^ St. 

BenuiB* I. Ut 1666 St. Marks 
ATe.. B'klyn. 

Berskaiaa, Aav^a L.* 86 Sher- 
iff St. 

Hlnck, MIckael, 68 B. 117th 
SL 



Lcbowlts* Jo«^ 881 Alabama 
Ave., B'klyn. 

Lestek, Josepk D^ 860 Division 
St. 

I^cTlae, Jacob, 817 Livonia 

Ave., B'klyn. 

Irvine, Mandel, 188 Varet St.. 
B'klyn. 

LlbsohB* 8am«el, 8046 South- 
ern Boulevard. 

Meltscr, Bit, 14-16 W. 118th St. 



B^ 48 Christopher 
Ave., B'klyn. 

Horttwlts, Harry, 886 Flushing 
Ave., B'klyn. 

Hofvwlta, Jon. M.. 63 B. 117th 
St. 

Hetwwlts, Morris, 82 Varet St.. 
BTtlyn. 

HevewitB, Samuel, 274 New 
Lou Rd., B'klyn. 

ItSkewltB, E., 847 Beekman St. 

'•cebs, J., 42 Amboy St.. 
B'klyn. 

KliM. Hjmmm D., 8f4 B. 4 th 

8t 



Header, David, 444 Grand St 

Meyer, Isaac, 847 B. 10th St. 

Meyersoa, Samuel, 226 Bast 
B'way. 

Moakowtts, Hymaa, 62 Colum- 
bia St. 



MyersoB, Harris. 64 B. 118 th 

St. 

NathansoB, Harry, 1-8 Attor- 
ney St. 

Morosrudsky, Slatoa, 266 
Henry St. 

Olsbew, Sol., 260 Linden St.. 
B'klyn. 



310 

OatninDh 



L>K. »am„ 1*1 B. tad 8t. SocbUer, Jtw, 1 

St. 
ImM, H. P.. Ill W. llEth 




BBWiow ruHCTnoNABm 



mWiBS^ Altar, 401 Al&bunm WralM, Jank, BM ■. lUt St. 

Atb„ B'Mrn. 

WlllMr, flaM« Et B. lOtth BL 
Wann, AteahaH, MM W. l*t 

at, ConaT iBland. WMW». Ahr. OMar. 71 Harkat 



8t 



(. SIS I 



A FEW REMARKS «* KASHRUTH 



The elements in the Kashruth situation are ; Rabbonii 
bhochetim, slaugliter-houses, speculators, wholesaler 
petailei-s, the purchasing public. 

The problem can be treated under two general hea( 
: (1) Gassos and Dakos; and (2) Aifes. 

1. CiassoH aiid Dakos 

All of the meat slaughtered in New York City an 
[vicinity, whether for Jewish consumption or not, 
slaughtered by Shochetim under the supervision of ai 
Ithoritative Rabbonim. This is done because it pays tl. 
l.laiighter houses and packers. It pnys them because, i 



RTFUAL INSTEFUnONS 313 

Jewish comiiiunityy and at the same time a source of 
immense profits for packers and slaughter konses. 

The slaughter houses and packing establishments in 
New York City and vicinity, are branches of the great 
packing and slaughter houses of the country. These 
slaughter houses employ Shochetim, and the Shochetim 
in turn usually choose the Bov who is to be the super- 
viser of the ShochetiuL The Bov who is chosen is usually 
a figure-head visiting the slaughter house only upon oc- 
casion. He chooses another Bov, of minor importance, 
who acts in his place, and is the actual Mashgiach on the 
spot 

The consequences of this system are varied. In the 
first place, the slaughter houses are removed by several 
degrees from any direct responsibility to the Jewisli 
community. In the second place, the Shochetim em- 
ployed by the slaughter houses have entrenched them- 
selves, and have formed what is in effect a Shochetim 
trust. It is impossible for any Shochet to be employed 
at a slaughter house except upon approval of the 
Shochetim themselves. A Shochet or a M'saya, (assis- 
tant) to be employed must have influence of one kind or 
another with the boss Shochet and the other Shochetim, 
and must pay a certain sum for admittance into the 
eharmed circle. No new Shochetim or helpers are ad- 
initted except that it be absolutely impossible to avoid it. 
The circle is kept as small as possible. In fact, the 
Shochetim rule the situation in large measure. If the 
slaughter house does not comply with their demands, 
they can threaten a strike or retaliation in other ways. 
U the Babbonim do not satisfy them, the Babbonim can 



c;UMUDNAL 

lischarged. The packers and slaughterers seem to be 
sfied with this arrangement. Indeed, the whole policy 
he slaughterers and of the Shochetim would seem to 

keep the Bov in as weak a position as possible. The 
tion of the Rov has become so much weakened that 
some places the chief Shouhet acta as the Eov- 
ihgiach. 

he percentage of the eutire operating costs expended 

the slaugliter houses on Kasbruth, which is the life 

id of their industry in New York, is exceedingly 

11. 

efore the slaughtered meat gets into the bauds of 

house-holder, it passes through several stages of a 

■iiey. 

1 the first place, there is the speculator. He is re- 




BirUAL I NB TlT UTlO yg 815 

retail botcher pays him the highest possible market 
price. He is also charged by the retail butcher and by 
the wholesaler with giving short measure. Yet he has 
established himself to such a degree that he has bought 
store-houses for the storing of his meat, and he can 
threaten the wholesaler with the establishment of com- 
petitive slaughter houses. 

The one time the power of the speculator is threat- 
ened is when the retail butchers strike against the slaugh- 
ter houses. They refuse at times to buy meat for a 
number of da3rs, and the speculator is caught with a 
large amount of meat on his hands. It is at such times 
that an improvement in the general situation might be 
made, but thus far no advantage of such a situation has 
been taken. 

Between the speculator and the retailer, there is very 
often a man who calls himself a wholesaler. He is 
nsnally a man who has a number of retail shops which 
he can supply at a rate somewhat more advantageous 
than the smaller retailer who has but one shop can get ; 
and, after supplying his own retail shops, he supplies 
the retail shops of a number of others. He is not, how- 
ever, an important factor in the situation. 

An attempt was made under the auspices of the Vaad 
Harabbonim of the Eehillah to get a census of the re- 
tail butchers. This was done at considerable cost, but 
unfortunately the records are not in the possession of 
the Eehillah. It is estimated that there are over 3,000 
retail butcher shops in this city calling themselves 
bdier. These butcher shops may be classified as fol- 
lows: 



UOUMUN.Ui BEOISTEB 



p) TliQse at which the wives of Rabbouim buy their 
meat. These are kosher beyond all question. 

L) Those iu charge of a man — very often a Schocbet, 
a Lam dan, or Baal-ha-Bo3 — who is known to 
everyone, as beyond suspicion in his observance 
of tlie Jewish law and tradition. These butcher 
shops also are beyond all question kosher. Such 
butcher shops regard it as a disgrace to have the 
word kosher on their windows ; certainly to have 
upon their windows "Under the Hasbgachah of 
the Eov d' Po." 

c) Then there are the shops which are regarded as 
kosher by everyone, but which for business or 
other reasons find it to their advantage to have 
a certificate signed by a well known Rov or a 
I'otrimittcp of Rabbonim. In connection with this 
practice, a long history of kosher signs might be 



WnOAL INHfll'U'i'JONS 817 

I 

2. Of es 

} 
The fowl and poultry sitaation is of the same general 
oatore, bat it moves along different lines. Here the 
Babbonim play a very small part, the chief elements 
bdng the Sdhoehetim, the producer of fowls (generally 
in fhe Middle West), the receiver in New York, the 
wboIeBaler, the marketmaziy the slanghterhonse, the re- 
taibr, the teamsters and drivers, and the consuming 
public. 

About 50,000,000 pounds of poultry are consumed 
yearly by the Jewish public of New York City. The 
poultry, which is raised in the Middle West (Ohio, 
Ulinois and Indiana) is shipped in vast quantities in 
charge of employees of the receivers in New York City. 
The price paid for the poultry in the West is fixed in 
New York City. 

On its arrival in New York City the poultry is sold to 

the ''wholesalers'' or marketmen. In order to increase 

the weight of the iK>ultry, many inhumane practices have 

been engaged upon, such as starving the chickens on the 

way from the West, and then stuffing their crops with 

a mixture of oement, sawdust and other ingredients. 

The duekens are also wet down with hose, so as to 

inerease their weight. The ''wholesaler'' generally has 

a maiket of his own where he sells live and dressed 

ponltiy to retail butchers and individual customers. In 

Us market he usually has facilities for slaughtering 

fowK Permits for such slaughtering facilities within 

the limits of New York City must be secured from the 

Department of Health. These places are usually located 



COMMtmAL REQIBTEB 



I the thinly populated fringes of densely crowded di»- 
Tlie Jewish ritual requires that only -freshly! 
led chickens be eaten. As a consequence, the Jewish' 
L-ife very often goes to the market herself, picldj 
^ a live ehieken, and Las it slaughtered. This sauitaiy j 
letiee has led to a great deal of misunderstanding 
Iween the market keepers and the retail butchers, 
retail bulehers claim that in this way they are 
Lrived of the profit wliieh they cam when selling to 
I hdiiscliolds. The whole question of "Schechita Gelt" 
fds rc^'ulation. 

SL'hochetim are entirely at the mercy of the 
[rketmcu. The Schochct must, in the first place, pay 
markelman or "wholesaler" for the privilege of 
|ii;.-Iiter!ii[: fowls on t)ic given premises. In the second 



arruAL in8Titution8 319 

Strikes have taken place, murders and other 
aes hfive been committed. A proper understanding 
the needs of a large part of the Jewish population 
the community would have led along since to the 
ining out of these abuses, and to constructive work 
ich, if begun in this phase of the Kashruth situation, 
Hht lead to an improvement in other phases of the 
Eununai life. 



t is not possible to get a fair statement in figures as 
how much extra money is being spent by the Jews 
his city on kosher meat. It is therefore only possible 
nake an approximate guess. The guess is arrived at 
he following way : 

!pon inquiry it was learned that it is fair to assume 
: the average Jewish family of five consumes at least 
len pounds of meat a week : ten pounds of beef and 
pounds of fowl. This would make three pounds 
capita per week, or 156 pounds per year. 
t is also fair to assume that of the one and a half 
ion Jews of this city, one million buy meat from 
ler butchers; particularly, in view of the fact that 
ly people who do not keep the dietary laws in their 
les, still buy meat from kosher butcher shops. Hence 
total amount of meat used by the Jews in this city, 
f be conservatively estimated at 156,000,000 pounds 
' year. 

t is further fair to assume that kosher meat costs 
cents a pound more than the same kind of meat 
d by non-Jewish butchers. Multiplying 156,000,000 



COUMUN&l. KEOUtTEB 



d cases that come under their notice, in their private . 

Ictice and in the wards of the public haspitals and I 

pensaries, where male Jewish children have had to bef 

kted for injuries, organic or constitutional, which | 

the direct result of circumcision incompetently.'j 

Bformed by uuskilled and inexperienced Mohelim. Tb*J 

Bents arc not to blame. They were absolutely helplcmj 

■he matter. They had no means of distinguishing be>J 

|cn the competent and incompetent Molielim. To reia-.j 

this unsatisfactory condition of affairs, the MliaU 

Ird of the Jewish Community of New York was pro-' 

I. After many futile and abortive attempts the 

I was finally established, and came into existence 

yeai-3 ago. 



utujll institutions 323 

stating his name, i^, address, place of birth, place of 
education, profession (whether he is a rabbi), place of 
residence since arrival in the United States, whether he 
is a citizen of the United States, how long he has been a 
Hohel, where he studied Milah, who was his teacher, how 
many operations he has performed, and how many of 
them in the past twelve months. The applicant must 
also state whether he knows the dangers of Milah when 
improperly performed, and must promise to study the 
pamphlet on Milali, prepared by the physicians of the 
Board, and practise Milah in accordance with the sur- 
gical principles laid down in that pamphlet. After the 
form has been filled out and signed by the candidate, 
the application is referred to the representative of the 
Agudath haMohelim for enquiries as to the candidate's 
religious and moral ^character and good standing. If 
their report is favorable, the candidate is then examined 
by the Rabbis of the Milah Board in the laws of Milah 
from the religious point of view. When he has satisfied 
this test, he is recommendad to study the pamphlet which 
sets forth the hygienic precautions that have to be taken 
by the Mohel, previous to, during, and after the opera- 
tion. One or more operations have to be performed by 
him in the presence of a surgeon appointed by the phy- 
sicians of the Board. He is also examined orally by the 
Board on the surgery and hygiene of the operation. 
When he has passed all these various tests and thus sat- 
isfied the Board as to his theoretical knowledge and 
practical skill, he is awarded a certificate of proficiency 
signed by the rabbis and physicians of the Board and 
the ChairmaiL This certificate recommends him as a 



1:^4 



COMMUNAL REOISTM 



iompetciit and qualified Mohel worthy of \mDg emplofti 
liy the Jewish public. The names and addresses of th 
lertifled Mohelim are regularly advertised ia the Engli^ 
lind Yiddish Press. Placards, giving these names ant 
Addresses, have also been posted in the Chevras of Nen 
Ifork City. It is hoped that this publicity will lead to thi 
Increased employment of only those Mohelim whose com' 
letency is certified and thus help to eliminate, in a eoa 
liderable measure, the risk of death or disease overtakinj 
■ewish male babes because of uncleanly and uiihygienk 
Iroeedure on the part of some inexpert and carelei 
(ilohelim. 

Pamphlet on Milali 
Reference has been made to a pamphlet on the hygienf 



WOTUML IMWfFUTJONB 826 

he ease, and ao eomplete in its diaemrion, that it haa 
leen aooeptad for pnblieation by the Department aa an 
Aeial eurenlari with practieally no ehangea. The edn- 
Bttkmal valne of anoh work aa the Milah j^oard haa done 
in thia matter ia of the greatest help to the City^ and 
partiealarty to onr department. 

I wiah to ezpresB my appreciation of the oo-operation 
of the Jewiah Ciommnnity with this department, and to 
indieste that support of such activities as we have f onnd 
jmL prepared to undertake are direct contributions to 
tbe puUie welfare. 

Very truly yonra, H. Bmbbson, Commissioner. 

Work of Certified Mohelim at the Hospitals 

As a large number of Jewish bo3rs are bom in Hospi- 
tals and Lying-in Homes, the Board has during the past 
two years made, and is still making, continued efforts to 
obtain for its certified Mohelim the right to practise at 
the puUic medical institutions in the city, both those 
mider the jurisdiction of the Municipal Authorities and 
also those that are under communal control. Their efforts 
liSTe thus far attained a certain measure of success. 

An arrangement for a rota of certified Mohelim to 
attend the Lying-in Department of the Beth Israel Hos- 
pital was inaugurated in 1916, and the report of the 
Superintendent of that institution shows that it works 
wdL The report reads as follows : 

BETH ISRAEL HOSPITAL 

Bw. Dr. M. Hyambon, March 10, 1917. 

Chairman of the Milah Board, Jewish Community, 
356 Second Avenue. 
DsAB Dr. Htamson : 

I hare made a thorough investigation of the work of 
the Mohelim, and I am pleased to report to you that the 



OOHHUNAIj 



■ork has been done in an eminently succesafnl i 

■he rules are rigidly adhered to, and the work from i 
ledical point of view has been conducted in a seientifie 
r^so the House Surgeon tells me. We have tin 
luuse Surgeon or tlie Assistant House Surgeon attend 
very circumcision, and the work, since January 1st, ba 
1 free work and no fees collected. ' 

I With best wishes, 4 

Sincerely, Ij. Frank, Superintendent. 4 
Other Hospitals ] 

I At the Gouverneur Hospital where a large number ol 
Jewish male births take place, the privilege of entry for 
me Mohelim certified by the Board was obtained. This 
Incession is due to the courtesy and good will of the 
Idy supcrintcijcleiit of the institution, to the Jewish 



UTOAlt IMITITUTIOMB 887 

e official Hohd at the Lebanon flotpital holds the 
ficate of the Board, and other certified Mohelim 
individnally been accorded permissioti to eircnmeise 
reo at that institution, where parents ao desire. 
is hoped, that in course of time, all hospitals in the 
-Jewish and general — will be opened to the Certi-* 
lohelim of the Board, that all competent Mohelim 
iaing in the City will see fit to obtain Certification, 
iiat the Jewish public will only employ those en- 
on the Board 's list. 

i Chairman of the MJlah Board is the "Rev. Dr. U. 
Lson. 

! Rabbis who form the ExaminiDg Board in Jewish 
are Rabbis B. B. Outh, M. S. MargoUes and Dr. 
> Klein. 

; Medical Members of the Board are Dr. Abraham 
olbarst and Dr. I. C. Rubin. Dr. Roth and Dr. 
artz rendered excellent service for three yeara, 
iwtng to pressure of other duties, recently with- 
All these are honorary workers. A fee of 
oUars is charged to each candidate to cover charges 
e sui^eons appointed by the Medical Members of 
ktard to inspect operations by Candidates and for 
minor incidental expenses. The cost of advertising 
sts of Mohelim and o^ printing the pamphlet has 
met by funds given by public-spirited subscribers, 
"enty-two Mohelim were enrolled during the first 
of the existence of the Board, twenty additional 
ig the second year. The following is the list of all 
[ohetim at present certified and their addresses ; 



MMUNAL BEGl^TEK 



Agudath Ha-Mohaliiu 

21«-I8 Fast Hoasuiii »t. 






OFFICERS: PreB., Rabbi J. Sechtzer, £16 B&st HodH 

it. Sec'y, U. Flotkln, 126 N. 4th St., B'klyn. Establtd 
|1913. Membersbip 42. 

PURPOSE; To foster hygienic method and compliii 
(with llie onUodox ritual In rite of clrcumcUion. 

Secht2cr. Joseph, Pres. Agudath Ha-Mobalim [21G 

■Houston St,), since 1914. Term 8 months. Born 18S(. 
iRusBia. Came to U. S. 1906. Received Rabbinical educatk 
iMohel. Res.: 216 E. Houston St. 

Members o( the Agudatli HumoIuiUni 



BITI7AL IN8TITUTI0N8 



329 



iit ■. itk 



Batal, tl8 RlylnfftOB 



St 



lUiphMl. U B. lOStb S«heek«M>t DstM* 100 Suffolk 

St 

i» Altei^ lot Suffolk SeklUevb I. M^ 104 Suffolk St 



A^ Iff Monroo St 
U IM K. 4tk St, 



S«h«lti^ I^ 128 tnd St. 

Secktaer, Joseyk* 110 B. Houi- 
ton St. 



K«9^ 410 ■. ITltt 



owtt^ Stai^a* tST 

St 

Aaroa. 1 W. 114fh St 

Peres, 110 Qrahaxn 
B'klrn. 



SkaplM, BcBj^ 101 E. lOld St 

Taaaeateaai, H^ SCO B. lOOth 

St. 

Wald, B., 8 Attorney St 

WUklner, Daniel, 1651 Wash- 
ingrton Ave. 

M>^oo\1t, Bernard, 774 Prospect 
Are. 



THE JEWISH SABBATH ASSOCIATIM 

By Rev. Dh. Bernard Drachman, President J 

The Jewish Sabbath Association was organized,! 
I rather incorporated, for it had existed for some 9 
I previous in an unincorporated condition, in the n 
1 1905 (5665). Its organization was owing to a deep l| 
I ing on the part of many earnest Jews that a detcroul 
I effort must be made to prevent the observance of 1 
1 Sabbath, the most fundamental precept and distingal 
ling characteristic of Judaism, from falling into nil 
I desuetude in America. The incorporators were Rev. I 
I Philip Klein, Rev. Dr. Bernard Drachman, Rev. Dr.! 
IPereira Moudes, Jacob II. Luria, Hyman Eisenbei 
I Meyer Oiiliibcr^, Henry P. (Injdslciii, Cialiric! Davids 



SITUAl. INSTITUTION It ^'M 

'fcesdiine on its official paper— "To promote the observ- 
■HB of tba H0I7 ttebbath in every possible way." In 
then few wisda an enonnona prc^tranune of work is 
■ggHted, for it means nothing leas than the attempt to 
■ire one of the — perhaps the — gravest religious and ao- 
U problems of modem Jewry. It would be, of course, 
bqwrnible, within the limita of thia article, to treat with 
Vy degree of exhaustivaneaa the various kinds of aetivi- 
M which the Jewish Sabbath Association has hitherto 
ikan op or hopes to take up in the future for the attain- 
■eat of its object. Stated in the briefest possible eom- 
NSi they are the following : 

(1) Propaganda. Every effort is made to preserve 
he Kntimest of attachment to the Sabbath still existing 
nong the Jewish people and to promote this sentiment 
^ir this purpose meetings are held io synagogues and 
tber places, co-operating societies of women, young peo- 
llt and workingmen have been organized, and circulars 
nd pamphlets have been printed and distributed. For 
neral years the Aasociation maintained a monthly or- 
MD, Th« Sabbath Journal, in English, Yiddish and He- 
rew. This propaganda work has had noteworthy re- 
Dlta. 

(2] Intereeanon. The Association intercedes with 
■srehanta and manufacturers who have kept their ea- 
■blisbments closed on the Sabbath and who contemplate 
pening on that day and induces them to continue their 
nctice of Sabbath observance. In this way upwards 
i fifty eftabliahments have been prevented from Sabbath 
Iteration and the privilege of Sabbath rest retained 
tv levsnl thoiwaBd employMa. 



Free Burial Societies 



MANHATTAN 



AKodatk Arhlm Chrsea 9 he I 
BoiMk (Hebraw Free Burial 
Society). Its ilrsnd St. Ors. 
1888. Pres., Uernetl Fricd- 
mani Sec'y. H. E. Adelman: 
Sup'l. Samuel A r o n ■ n n . 
Burial plots in Mt. Rich- 
mond Ctmeter)'. 8. J.: Silver 
Lake Cemetery, Btaolelon. 
S. I.: Bay Side Cemetery. 
Woodhaven, L. I. Total 



VvrkTllle Bnaeki 

Ave. (Branch Office 
Mai Preet; Sec'y, ] 



Harlem Braneki i: 
St. (Branch Ofllce 
Mrs, Fannie K ra 
Sec'y, George D. 
Sup't Morlta Keas 
KrafeoTrcr. F ■ a ■ 
AuBtro-HunEarli 




htual nranruTiONi 



Xantetpal Conrt of 
J of N. T.: 1<4 Blkdl- (■«• AKudalh Achlm Chaaed 

R«*.: lit BL Tth BL Bhal Bmath). 



B'kiyn: Ht. Jud*b C«m«t*rj, 
B'klyn; Uonteflore C«roet*ry. 
Sprlngneld. 1^ I. TaUl KM*: 
m lota. Praa burUla Uat 
flacal year: let 
Olek. baaa*! A^ Praa. He- 
braw Frso Burial 8oc (101 
Varet St., B'kiyn), alnce 
1913. Tenn 1 y«ar. Bom 
1877 In N. T, Received col- 
lege, medical and leral edu- 
cation. Doctor and Lawyer. 

Res.; 840 Baalero Parkway. 
Bklyn. 

Ladica' Aid aoelcty Ckewd 
8b«l Enrth. 3SE Van Slcklen 
Ave. PreB.. Mra, Celia Cotien. 
(No InformBtlon available.) 
Cohra. Cell*, Pres. Ladles' 
Aid Soc. Chesed Shel Emeth 
<3S6 VanSlcklen Ave., 
B'kiyn), since 181B. Term < 
monlhs. Born 1SS7 In Rub- 
sla. Came to U. S. 1900. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Re*.; 109 OeorRU 
Ave.. B'kiyn. 



el Kmrfh at Biwwaa- 
'rcc Burial Aaa'n of 
vllle). 414 Backman 
t. 1SB7. Prea. Cbaa. 
. Sec'y, Jacob.Spott 
plots In Monte flare 
■y, Sprlnsfleld. L. I. 
rea: «0 loU. 
, Clwrica, Pras. Free 
^ss'n of Brownavllle 
ckman 3L. B'kiyn), 

ES In Rtissla. Came 
1S84. Received gen- 
'Ish and secular edu- 



al \mafm at Brawaa- 

e Chesed Shel Bmeth 
nsvllls). 

^rec Barlal B««lety, 

ret 8t Org. 1898. 
Dr. ^muel Ollck; 
x)ulB Meyer; Siip't, 
lecher. Burial plots 
ihlnston Cemetery. 



_ T* ^- Pen*-, .v. trott"' 



pen«- 






»^r 






tfW'O- cetne' 



flee; 



M 



fre4' 



■•'^^V; 



.t.a 



.i^'-' 



^o»^- 













RITUAL INSTITUTIONS 



837 



V«at H«9c^ Jamaica Avenue, 

B^klyn. Area: It acres. Of- 

flce: Jamaica and Nichols 

Area Snp't. H. N. Otten- 

herg. Reached by Lex. Ave. 

"L" and B'way lurface lines. 

llesat J«4afe« ETverffreen, L. I. 
Office: 99 Delancey St. Sup't, 
& Ooldberff. Reached by 
Myrtle Ave. 'It* and Cypress 
Hills trolley; also Bush wick 
Ave. trolley. 



M«e»t MjeksDMi, Glendale, L. I. 
Area: 82 acres. Office: 8 
Rutgers St., Manhattan. 
Sup't, P. L. Richmeyer. 
Reached by Myrtle Ave. car 
to Brush. 

ll««Bt Neboh, Fresh Pond Rd.. 
L. I. Area: 14 acres. Office: 
(01 W. 162nd St., Manhattan. 
Sup't, Charles Rosenfeld. 
Reached by Myrtle Ave. "L" 
And Cypress Hills trolley. 

^••st RlckMond, Richmond. 
8. L Area: 28 acres. Office: 
245 Grand St.. Manhattan. 
Sup't H. E. A d e 1 m a n . 
Reached by S. I. ferry and 
Richmond trolley. 



Ztos, Maspeth. L. I. 
Area: 75 acres. Office: 41 
Park Row, Manhattan. Sup't. 
Horris Jacoby. Reached by 
trolley from E. 34th St.. 
Houiton, 28d St. ferries. 

'e«r Movat Ctonnel, Cypress 
Rills, L. I. Area: 50 acres. 
Office: At cemetery. Sup't, 



M. B. Blumenthal. Reached 
by B'klyn •O." or trolley 
from ferries and via bridges. 



New Umloa Fields, Cypress 
Ave., B'klyn. Office: At cem- 
etery. Sup't, S. Berliner. 

\ Reached via B'klyn, Bridge; 
then Myrtle Ave. train, stop 
at WycofT Ave., and then 
transfer to Mt. Cypress 
Hills. 

Riverside, Rochelle Park, N. J. 
Area: 125 acres. Office: 1400 
5th Ave., N. Y. C. Sup't, E. 
Winer. Reached by Hudson 
River trolley from Fort Lee 
Ferry. 

Salem Field. B'klyn. N. T. 
Area: 80 acres. Office : 
Jamaica and Euclid Aves. 
Sup't, L. Marshall. Reached 
by B'klyn "L" or trolleys. 

Shearlth iMrael, Fresh Pond 
Rd.. B'klyn. Area: 20% 
acres. Office: At cemetery. 
Sup't, A. D. Miner. Reached 
by B'klyn "L" and trolley 
from ferries and via bridgres. 

Sliver I«ake. Stapleton, S. I. 
Area: 4% acres. Office: 245 
Grand St.. Manhattan. Sup't, 
H. E. Adelman. Reached by 
Manhattan Ferry and Silver 
Lake trolley. 

• 

Union Fleldm Cypress Ave.. 
B'klyn. Area: 48 acres. 
Office: Lex. Ave. and 63d St., 
Manhattan. Sup't. Georgre 
Bayha. Reached by Cypress 
Ave. trolley. 



> J 



I 
1 



i 



r 

4 



341 

CHASSIDISM IN THE NEW WORLD 

By Isaac Even 

1^ the stndent of ChasBidism, who has carefully f ol- 

)wed its development since it. made its appearance in 

evish life, nearly two hundred years a^, one fact 

mis out most prominently: namely, that Chassidism 

a very delicate plant, requiring a particularly favor- 

de soil so that it may strike root and thrive. 

In Podolia, Ukrainia, Poland, certain parts of Bus- 

I, Oalicia and Hungary, the new cult soon found many 

llowers. Western Europe, on the other hand, has re* 

ained immune to this very day. Take, for instance, 

'. case of the Zadik Beb Schmelke, a favorite disciple 

the renowned Reb Baer, who made a persistent at- 

pt to introduce Chassidism in Nikolsburg (Moravia). 

a while he really held sway as a ** Outer Yid," but, 

aately, he was compelled to give it up as a hopeless 

A similar fate overtook the only Chassidic Rabbi 

rmany, Reb Elie of Greidetz. 

m in those countries where Chassidism flourished 

arly two centuries, it is now on the decline. The 

war, raging for the last three years in Galicia and 

, the erstwhile strongholds of the Chassidic faith, 

dermined the dynasties of the famous Zadikim 

n there the new cult is gasping its last. 

-elation of the war to the sudden decline of 

sm is obvious. 

jse who are initiated in the lore of Chassidism 

vt one of the great attributes of the Zadik is 

and seclusion. His person is the embodiment 

)nity and sacredness of the Sabbath. He shows 



lOMMUNAL BEGISTER 






Belf'to iis followers only on certain oecasions and 
it care is taken that he shall appear at his verj" besi 
all other times, he remains in absolute seclusion. 
s hifi daily liie becomes a profuund mystery' and bit 
iwers keep on spinning all sorts of fantastic tales 
iiid his mysterious existence. I do not wish to convey 
idea that this seelusiuu is merely a sham. Most of 
Zadikim were really devoted to study and worship 
ing these long, lonely hours. But a public perform- 
! of these functions would not have been quite •) 
iucive to arouse admiration in the eyes of the Chassi- 
, and most of the Zadikim adhered, therefore, to tiie 
leiple of absolute seci-ecy. 

he war made a sudden end to this seclusiou of the | 
ik. Irrespective of his exalted position, he was rud^ j 



CTHASSmiBM MS 

1, the fbnnder of Chassidism. He landed on fheee 

38 abomt twenty-five years aga 

le nndertaking was successful in a way ; that is, ere 

the new Zadik's coffers were bulging with money, 
Q him by sorrowing and heartbroken women who 
oed to him, asking for his divine intercession in their 
df. He also found a number of followers among the 
>le. However, he never succeeded in attracting the 

Chassidim. It is possible that at that early period 
iastem European immigration there were too few 

Chassidim in this country to form a permanent f ol* 
ng. Again, an explanation may be found in the fact 

he was not a Zadik in his own right, but merely a 
andson" of a Zadik. His ultimate abdication may 

be ascribed to the hostile attitude of the Yiddish 
8, which persecuted him relentlessly, 
e this as it may, the seed surely fell on a barren soil. 
>r sojourning a few years in this unfriendly environ'^ 
t, Beb Eliezer Chayim renounced his ''holy post" 
left America, to become merely a ''grandson" once 
e. 

uring the last twenty years the adherents of the 
ous Chassidic sects came to this country in ever 
easing numbers. Most of them craved for the exal- 
m and joy of the Zadik 's proximity. Many plans 
3 hatched to induce one of the noted Zadikim of the 
world to come to America. The followers of the 
ik of Dzikov (Oalicia) promised an annual income 
ibout ten thousand dollars to Beb Ushel Horvitz, 
of the old Zadik 's sons, if he would consent to come 
jnerica. He refused. As a matter of fact, not one of 



world. 

About two years prior to the outbreak c 
sudden change took place. Several Zadikin 
appearance in America almost simultane 
among them was Beb Schmul Abraham Bal 
of the unsuccessful pioneer mentioned abc 
soon foUowed by his intrepid father who, ii 
advanced age, undertook the voyage once 
died here about a year ago.) Next came a 
the famous **Tolner Rebbi,*' Reb Mordecai 
sky, who had been compelled to leave Bussi 
military persecution. Here he is known si 
'*Tolner Bebbi." These Zadikim were folic 
others: Beb Tisrol Hagar of Badantz, a 
Beb Chayiml Kossover and known here as 
witzer Bebbi"; and the most recent arrival, 
Sack, son-in-law to Beb David '1 Kobriner, 
here simply as the "Kobriner Bebbi.'* As y 
are now not less than four **Gute Yidden" i 
In passing, it may be said that all are prosp 

One must be careful, though, not to jum 



CBAS8IDI8H '64J 

Zadikka have barely a score of foUowei^ of the genuine 
CiamaiiD tTpe. The "Toiner Bebbi" (with all due 
■pologies to the other three Zadikim) a considered the 
Bost pKminetit smongBt them, ifwing to hia penanality 
■tid to his iBinoiu ancestry. And even he was eonqwUed 
to 'abandon one of the' moat important traditiont in 
Oktndieconduct, the"Tifih"; thatis, Uie taking of the 
SiUMth meals mrrounded by the Chassidim, which it 
Stnenlly a scene of great enthoaiasm and one of the few 
Mnaioni when the Zadik rereaU himself in all bis glory. 
The reason for this was simply lack of genuine ChaSaidie 
ea?ironment. There is deep significance in the Ghasaidic 
adage which declares that the "Chassidim make the 
Bebbe". The greatest of them would soon lose his power 
md infloence if he were to sit down to table with a 
hctt of indiSerent men given more to the contemplation 
af the dishes set before them than of their leader 's great- 
um and sanctit]'. 

Anh how aboQt the Chassidim t Are there none here 
rto really want a Bebbif 

The question is debatable. Some maintain that true 
Qusddim never existed here. Coming to America means 
(aMntially some sort of compromise with the new sur- 
nondings- True Chassidism, on the other hand, knows 
AO compromise. The real Chassid, therefore, never risks 
ik ton], and stays at home. Those who do not are not 
tile Chaaaidini. 

The "Toluer B«bbi" views the situation from a dif- 
Unat aagla. He maintains that there are here not less 
thaa thirty thousand - Chassidim and as many as one 
koiidred and thirty-three "Klansen". They all have a 



^^uwers ot the Tscherr 

kim, have shown a great ten. 
modem manners, even in th 
this country they became q 
although their hearts still thr 
are not strong enough to live 
It is true they are ready to si 
still his friends, but they earn 
purely Chassidic conduct, an 
Zadik is insignificant. 

The Chassidim hailing from 
the other hand, have really reti 
life and habits. They maintai 
Klausen" and are still imbued 
the faith. But these Chassidi 
allegiance from one Zadik to ano 
groups remains faithful to its Zi 
to sit at the feet of any '*Rebbi' 
of the original stock. 

The *'Tolner Rebbi" is of th 
the Oalician or Polish Zadikim 
to this nm-*^*- — 



Jewish Educational 
Agencies 



o — 



the effects of this lack of religious and mor 
They are the boys and girls whose character 
strong:, and who because of the community's 
the parents' indifference with regard to th( 
and moral training, grow up into mean, self 
women, interested only in material things, ai 
the worst features of American life. Many o 
stitnte a disintegrating force both in the Je 
the general community. 

School Accommodation Inadec 

But what about the 65,000 children wl 
under the influence of religious and moral 
Are they properly accommodated t Is the 
offered to them well organized and systems 
2 and Qraph 2 tell a tale of wretched acc< 
for the bulk of these 65,000 children. Only 
children receive their religious instruction 
sanita.ry buildings; 9,000 children receive tl 
tion in remodeled dwellings; 15,000 child 
their instruction in dark underground vest 



JEWISH RELIGIOUS SCHOOLS 851 

of saloons, and in garreta. About 10,000 children are 
tangfit in tbeir homes, the place of instruction being the 
Uteben, the dining-room, the parlor or one of the bed- 
rooms. 

It is hardly necessary to add anything to complete the 
sordid picture of accommodation for religions instruc- 
tion in this great city of New York. The conditions 
tre in themselves sofScient to arouse the indignation of 
taj self-respecting Jew. But we must remember that 
OUT children also attend the public schools of the city. 
What can our children think of Judaism, if after their 
stay in the modem public school buildings, we offer 
Ibem Jewish classrooms which are badly ventilated and 
poorly lighted, and which are very often not kept clean. 
They are bound to interpret the entire heritage of our 
people in the terms of the physical side of the dass- 
rooffl; for not only young children, but also adult chil- 
dren do that. We must realize also that in view of the 
fact that many of these children are taught after public 
Khool hours, when they are already fatigued, there is 
the risk of infection amidst the unsanitary surroundings 
of many Jewish schools. Many of these children come 
from homes that are well furnished and properly taken 
care of. If the parents would take the trouble to visit 
these classrooms, they might be shocked to find their 
children taught in such schools and under such con- 
ditions. These parents might discover that large spaci- 
ous synagogues which are used only once a week, are 
a luxoiy, when the same synagogues offer their children 
dark unsanitary classrooms for study. 



353 

nenhnn or methoda among those that we do have. For- 
. thennore, regnlar sehool buildings are very expemive. 
The modem daaaroom eoBta between $8,000 and $10,000, 
ud it does not pi^ to erect a achool bailding with less 
than ten or fifteen claserooms. The small school which 
needs cmly two or three classrooms, cannot avail itself 
of Dodeni facilities. 

Under these oonditiona of constant shifting of the 
popnlation, of lack oS a nnif orm corricnlom, and of the 
wtiiw— of modem school bmldingB, what chance does 
1 imalt school have to do good work t Indeed, it has 
no ehsnce I Only laige schools that can have modem 
ueommodation, that can have large numbers of children 
in their lower grades, and that can afford to have a well 
pud principal to sopervise the instruction, can do effeo- 
tire work: 

Fran Table 3 and Graph 3, the reader can see how 
Urge the Jewish schools of this city are. Of the 181 
■diools in which 41^000 Jewish children are tanght, 40 
■eluxds have less than 100 children on their register ; 97 
adiools, from 100 to 300 ; 24 schools, from 300 to 500 ; 13 
■duals, from 500 to 700, and 7 schools have 700 pupils 
ud over. In other words, of the 181 schools, only 44 
■Aooii, those that have more than 300 children, have 
s diance to do fairly good work with a reasonable ez- 
penditnre of money, energy, enthusiasm and love. In 
the smaller sehools, the cost of energy and money far 
fneeds the resnlts. Then, too, let us not forget that 
ne large nomber of children who are taught in the 
holes called Chedarim, do not even have the opportuu- 
i^ whieh a Jewish child has in the smallest of the 



COMMON AL 

fcehoola. As to private instruction in the homes — ^there 
KhaoB reigns supreme! 

The Jewish Schools an Uncoordinated 
System 

Table 4 and Graph 4 attempt to depiet the auspice 
under which Jewish religious instruction is impartec 
JThis table and graph show that the 181 schools, (1( 
lilone the 500 Chedarim), constitute a totally imw 
prdinated system. Of the 181 schools, 67 are Communit 
'.ekday Schools, which are distinct institutions, not di 
pendent iipon any congregation nr any other institutiot 
■"ifty of the schools are Congregational Weekday School 



nUing to Rpflud, loore thui a million and a qnartsr dol- 
tin a year for-tiiis faodgft-podge of educatioiL 

The Outlook Hopeful 

It may be that some of the readers will object to tlie 
picture of Jewish education in New York which I have 
dnwn. They will say, as usual, that in the first place, 
it IB not as blaek and dismal as that; and, secondly, that 
ttm if it were so, nu n^an ^k, that we must keep it 
qniet, so as not to diseourage the work which is being 
done now. It is not my purpose to discourage. It is 
merely a question of method. As long as the Jews of 
this community do not understand the actual status of 
Jewish religions education in the city, they .cannot make 
uy further progress. Understanding the problem is 
one-half of its solution ^ and it is here that I wish to 
Miuid a note of optimism. 

I believe that the Jews of this city are beginning to 
QBdetstaod the problem of Jewish education. It is true 
thst the great majority is still indifferent ; that many bo- 
ealled leaders are still busy with petty things. But 
thote are aonie Jews in this city who do appreciate the 
gnvity of the situation, and are lending their support 
to the awakening of this great Jewish community, .While 
it will be impossible, and to my mind undesirable, to 
create in this city a completely centralized system of 
Jewish religious education, a number of coordinating in- 
flooues, tending towards greater efSciency in Jewish 
iaibuetioni &i^ beginning to appear. The principals of 
the larger Jewish schools of this city, organized into the 
Bebrtw Principals' Agsociatum, have for the past seven 



COMMUNAL BE0I8TER 

lars been coming together regularly for the purpose df 

msuitation and cooperation. A new generation 4 

wish teachers has sprung up, and they as well tt 

i older Hebrew teachers, have organized the JeunA 

Wackers' Association and the Hebrew Teachers' Associa^^ 

mn, the primary aim of which is to improve the stato^ 

1 the Jewish teachers and to raise the standard oil 

teaching. The Sunday school teachers alw,! 

l-ough the Religious School Union, are struggling for-i 

The Teachers' Institute of this city has been pro'^ 

lessing from year to year, and if properly supported,] 

|ll without doiibt give us in the course of time man/' 

rapetent American Jewish teachers, of whom we are 

I the greatest need. The Jewish parents of this 



JEWISH BELI0I0U8 SCH00l£ 357 

roath, the 200,000 Jewish boys and girls between the 
iges of 14 and 21, the citizens of tomorrow — their prob- 
lem is also receivii^ attention, and signs of awatening 
ramg them are already apparent. But what is still 
more encooragii^, is the fact that in the commnoity, a 
Doniber of laymen have banded themselves together, call- 
ing themselves the Board of Jewish School Aid. These 
pnblie-spirited men have pieced themselves to become 
the champions of Jewish education in this city. They 
liave already made one great step forward in this di- 
rection. If the functions of this Board increase and 
iriden, and if the same spirit animates it in the future 
IS it does now, we will, through its aid, redeem the 
Jewish boys and girls of New York for the Jewish 
pwple. 



1 


1 


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m f» BOHOOL AOOQMBifmAIIOM FBOVIDBO POR 




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m or tm mwisa sohoou of msw TtHix 

ftlmg l ^iBportfci oC OfafldnB IB Schoola of Vkriou 81>e) 




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to ea f f <B *u:ui o 


i 
1 


^oo^eeawia m^M 




Proportion ol 

All Jewish 
Children At- 
tending Public 
Schools of 


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s. 


1!!!^ ^ III 







or BBUoioiis nmRDonoN fbovtobd i 

JBWIBH OHEUIRBN OF IfKW TOBK 




COMMUNAL SEOISTEK 



Jilly graded, educational institutions whose pupils M# 
lught by professional teachers under supervision of 
Impeteut principals. The better type of Jewish school 
1 not inferior in equipment or standard of work to any 

t tlie public schools of the city. Among the 181 school* 
weekday schools (Talmud Toraha and Hebrew 

Ichools), Sunday schools, and Parochial schools. 

Weekday Suppleineiitar}' Instruction 

I Of Ihe 161 schools there arc 136 in which instruction 

given supplementary to that given in the public 

■ hools, on weekday aftcrnoon.s, on Sundays, and, in 

:, also on Saturdays, Of these schools, 50 are 

murcfiiitionat schools, organized and managed by a con- 

[■epation, as an adjunct of the synagogue; 67 are cam- 

■ganized i 



jjBwma eelrhdus schools 869 

tiw rest in vestries of synagogues and in rented rooms. 
tSee Table 11). The average weekday school holds ses- 
lioDs during 48 weeks of the year, from as few as 3 to 4 
toon per week in some of the congregational weekday 
cfaods, to as many as 30 hours per week in some of the 
Ider Talmud Torahs. The children are usually taught 
1 shifts, the average being from 2 to 3 shifts per day. 
lie average Jewish teacher, therefore, instructs from 
iro to three classes every day, with a total of about 70 
qpils. In the typical weekday school, the number of 
nirs of instruction given to each child varies from 6^ 
ours in the lowest grade to dyi hours in the seventh 
r highest grade. 

The annual cost of instruction ranges from $7.85 per 
lild to over $43.00 per child, with an average per 
ipita cost of approximately $22.00 annually. The in- 
line of the schools is derived from three sources : 30% 
nnes from tuition fees of the pupils ; 20% from prop- 
rty owned by the school, (such as synagogue, room 
ents, etc. ) ; and 50% is derived from the community, 
kktly in the form of membership dues and donations, 
lie task of collecting the income from the last source 
mbarasses considerably the management of the schools, 
lie total sum spent by the Jews of New York upon the 
tAiaj school is approximately $740,000. 
The total teaching staff consists of 615 teachers, of 
hom about 23% are women. The salary of teachers 
mges from $300 to $1,200 per year. The average salary 
$780 annually for 22 hours' work during the week. 
sr teaching hour this compensation is practically as 
w as the lowest salary paid to public school teachers. 



H70 COMMUNAL EtEOISTEB 

The course of study places the main emphasi: 
the study of the Hebrew langauge and literatu 
extends over five to seven years, giving a total o 
hours of instruction. In the typical school of thi 
35% of the time is allotted to the study of H 
(readiug, conversation, grammar, composition am 
iug) ; 40% of the time is devoted to biblical am 
biblical literature, of which Sl^ goes to the study 
Bible; 10% of the time is given to the teaching 
tory; 12% to the study of prayers, customs anij 
and about 'i% is given to music and other subject! 
curricula vary, however, both in amount of tim 
in the subjects taught. In a few of the oldi-r 1 
Torahs, the center of attention is upon the T( 
whereas in the national -radical school.s, the insti 




JEWISH BBLlGIOnS SCHOOLS 



371 



Sttordaj, f to 11 a. m.; 
tadaj, !• a. m. to I p. m. 
AimUtad: Indies* Ualblsh 
AnuBim, Indies' Refresh- 
rntnt Cominlttee for poor 
eUldren, Children's Clubs. 
■cfwaoa* Max. Pres. Anshei 
Btomir Talmud Torah, SS7 
K. 4th 81^ sines 191S. Term 

I ysmr. Born ,1S70 In Russia. 
Guns to U. a 1895. Received 
ffsneral Jewish and secular 
education. Paper and twine: 

II Hudson St. Rea: 230 W. 
Kinney St., Newark N. J. 



TnlBsad Tormh, 

m W. 129th St. Principal: 
U. Rabinowits. No. of pu- 
pils: 75 boys. 

■sKsa of Jewish Edaeatloii* 

Ul Second Ave. A commu- 
iHLl educational agency, or* 
KUilsed in 1910 for the pur- 
pose of coordinating the 
vork of the Jewish schools, 
of rendering them advice 
sad aid, and conductingr 
■tudies and experiments, 
iookinff toward the solution 
of the various problems of 
Jewish education in Amer- 
ica (For complete account 
see Bareaa •£ Jewish Edsi- 
CBilea, among- the research 
tad oodrdlnating agencies.) 
Amohg its activities the 
Bursa u also conducts a 
systsm of experimental 
Jewish schools: Element- 
ary, Intermediate and High 
School for girls, and sec- 
ondary classes for high 
school boys. Its Qirls' 
Schools are situated in the 



following school buildings: 
School No. 1— In the build- 
ing, of the Uptown Talmud 
Torah« 182 E. 111th St. 
Principal: Albert Schoolman. 
School No. 2 — ^In the build- 
ing of the Downtown Tal- 
• mud Torah, 894 B. Houston 
St Principal: Leah Klep- 
per. 

School No. 8 — In the build- 
ing of the Hebrew Free 
School, 414 Stone Ave., 
B'klyn. Principal: Benja- 
min Rosen. 

School No. 4 — In the build- 
inj; of the Young Women's 
Hebrew Association, 81 W. 
110th St. Principal: Albert 
Schoolman. 

School No. 6 — In the build- 
ing of the Hebrew Techni- 
cal School for Boys, 94 
Stuyvesant St. Principal: 
Sarah Solomon. 
In these schools 2458 grirls 
are taught by 21 teachers. 
The secondary classes for 
boys (supervisor: Joseph 
Bragin) are situated in the 
buildings of the Salanter 
Talmud Torah, the Uptown 
Talmud Torah, the Down- 
town Talmud Torah, the 
Hebrew Free School, and 
the Olory of Israel Talmud 
Torah, B'klyn. The classes 
for high school boys and 
high school girls, as well as 
the special preparatory 
classes of the intermediate 
girls' schools, are conducted 
for the purpose of training 
a selected group of pupils 
to enter the Teachers' In- 
stitute, and to undertake 



COMMUNAL RSGISTEB 



KOO 1 






through Ha eitenaion de- 
partment by meana of two 
organliationa. The Circle of 
Jewlah Children ot Amer- 
ica, for children of achool 
age, nnd the Leag-ue of Jew- 
ish Youth, for adoleaoents 
between the ages of H and 
21. These organliationa are 
aeir-governlnB. By mt-nns 
of dlstrlclljiE IhB tiiflro city 
the members reach .ill thP 
boys and glrla In their lotal- 
Ity. The Circle numbera 
lO.OOO children and the 



Ized childre 
under Circle of Jewlal 
dren: work with Bdolei 
through Lfafcue ot . 
Youth. In addltlor 
loachers ai.d vlce-prl 
of the Talmud Tora 
Inslltute Blaff Includ 

workera who bIvb par 



Dapehrl Nubbi Talmttd ' 

78 Second St. Orgi 

1913. Communal we 
school. Proa., B. Pt 



puplla: 200 boys. 
SlafT: 3 teachers. 
Sunday, 3 a. m. lo 




JEWISH BEUGIOUS SCHOOLS 



373 



one of the centers of 

eagrue of the Jewish 

of Amrlca, and of the 

of Jewish Children of 

ea. 

sis. Clubs. Olee and 
itlc Clubs, as well as 
Its" Associations, are 
f the school orffanisa- 

u»n* Wllflaai, P r e 8 . 

Town Talmud Torah 
E. Houston St.). 

1902. Term 1 year. 
In Austria. Received 

r a 1 education. Mer- 

13-15 E. 26th St. 

115 Central Park West. 

*oimt T. T^ 1019 Gar- 
Ave. Communal week- 
:hool. Organised June. 
Pres.: S. Saffer. Sec*y: 
gler. Principal: Akiba 
man. No. pupils: 80 
SO grirls. Staff: 3 
trs. Sessions: Sun- 
to 1 p. m.; weekdays, 
p. m. 

. SamneL Pres. Hunt's 

T. T. (1019 Oarrison 

since 1916. Term 1 

Bom 1868 in Russia. 

to U. S. 1882. Received 

Ll Jewish education, 
clothing-: 1 Bond St. 

820 Manlda St. 

klfatloBal Radical 

U 188 Iiudlow St. Corn- 
weekday school. Or- 
»d in 1911. It was the 
f the National Radical 
M, Whose curriculum 
s about the teaching: 
e Yiddish langruagre 



and literature. Principal 
and President: Joel Blntln. 
Seo'y: J. Goldman. No. 
pupils: 50 boys, 100 fflrla. 
Staff: 3 teachers. Sessions: 
Sunday, 10 a. m. to 2 p. m.; 
weekdays, 4 to 8 p. m. 

Jewish N a 1 1 o ■ a I Radical 
School. 46 E. 104th St. Org. 
1912. Communal Weekday 
School. Sec'y, S. Lfipschits. 
Principal: J. En tin. No. pu- 
pils: 70 boys, 130 girls. Staff: 
8 teachers. Sessions: Week- 
days, 4 to 7 p. m.; Saturday 
and Sunday, 10 a. m. to 6 
p. m. 

Maehslkel Talmvd Tonih, 

Main School. 225 E. B'way; 
Branch. 68 E. 7th St. Com- 
munal Weekday School, or- 
ganized in 1883. It was the 
first Talmud Torah organ- 
ized by Russian Jews in 
New York. School Building. 
Budget $18,000. Pres.: Moses 
Phillips. Sec'y: M. Cohen. 
Principal: Solomon Uselaner. 
Principal of Branch: J. 
Leiserowitz. The two schools 
offer a six years course of 
study to 821 boys and 476 
girls. Staff: 20 teachers. 
Sessions: Sundays. 9 a. m. to 
1 p. m. ; weekdays, 4 to 8 
p. m. 

National Hebrew School, 183 

Madison St. Communal 
Weekday School for girls, 
organized 1910. Pres.: S. 
Naltove. Sec'y: Ben. Bar- 
ondess. Principal: A. H. 
Friedland. This school offers 



74 COHHUKAL 

'«, 10 years' course at In- 
struction i* years elemen- 
tary, 3 years Intermediate 
and S years advanced). 
with particular emphasis 
upon the study of the He- 
brew Languase and Litera- 
ture, The school teaches 430 
BlrlB and 70 boys, on Sunday 
from S a. m. to 1:S0 p. m.. 
tind on weekdays from 4 lu 
8 p, m, A Hebrew circulat- 
ing library (or children and 
a children's Hebrew theatrp 
are part of the school equlp- 



NBllonal Hrbrew Sehool. I(i95 
Washington Avo. Org-. ]»13. 
Communal Waekduy School. 
Pres.:Harry J. Kahn. I'rmcl- 



teachers. Sessions 
9 a. m. to 1 p. n 
days, 4 to 8 p. m. 
Welsa, Jaeab, P 

Torah (BOE B. Slh £ 
1B14. Terra 1 yes 
isei In Hungary. 
U. 3. 18DB. RecelVW 
Jewish education. 



Rahbl I*raH Salantei 
Tanih. T4 E. llSlh . 
munal Weekday Se 
gan lied In 190T 
Building Bud Ket 

cfpal: Rabhl S, L. 




Jeshlbath IValozln, 9 Rut- 
gers St. Principal: Jacob 
Meyer Edelman. No. of pu- 
pils: 60 boys. 

Yeshlbath Torath Chalm of 

(Founded by Radawitzer 
Rebby). 293 Bast Third St. 
Rabbi: Israel Ha^er. Pres.: 
Ch. Klein. Sec*y: H. Koe- 
nisrsbersr. Staff: Principal, 
J. Fuerst, 3 teachers. Ses- 
sions: Sunday 9 a. m. to 1 
p. m.; Weekdays, 4 p. m. to 
8 p. m. 

VMldbath Torath Chalm of 
Harlem, 105 E. 103d St. 
Communal Weekday School. 
Org". 1902. Membership: 500. 
Pres.: H. Goldstein. Sec'y: 
N . Green. Principal: A. 
Shmulevich. No. pupils: 800 
boys, 60 srlrls. Staff: 7 teach- 
ers. Sessions: Sunday, 9 a. m. 
to 1 p. m. ; weekdays, 4 to 8 
p. m. 

CroldstelB, Harris, Pres. 
Yeshibath Torath Chaim (105 
B. lOSd St.), since 1915. 
Term 1 year. Born 1867 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1883. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Clothing-: 809 



(667 Da 
1913. Ter: 
in Russii 
1885. Rec 
ish edu< 
sweaters 
830 E. 16 

Tremont H 

484 E. 1' 
Weekday 
Anselowi 
bergrer. N 
Staff: 5 t 
Saturday, 
day, 9 a. 
weekday! 

AnaeloTfl 

mont He1 
B. 173d 
Term 1 3 
Russia. 
Received 
education 
733 B'wa 
tona Par] 

UptoKm Ta 

lem Hebi 
B. 111th 
Weekday 

in 1890. 
Jewish a 
offering- 1 



JEWISH BELIGIOUS SCHOOIiS 



877 



Sttlldiair. Buds At, 
Pres., Samuel Bayer^ 
•y Sec'y. Louis Man- 
tup' t and Principal: 
liahor. Besides the 7 
ementary course^ the 
Jso conducts higher 
) s for Jewish high 
)oys. On Saturdays 
lidays, the pupils, 
• organised into two 
ations, conduct their 
agogiie services. The 
' serves as a neigh- 
center, and offers 
i for meetings to 
nd social organiza- 
miiated with the in- 



stitutions are the League of 
the Jewish Youth of Ameri- 
ca, the Circle of Jewish 
Children of America, a La- 
dles' Malbish ArunUm So- 
ciety and a Parents' Ass'n. 
The building contains a 
gymnasium and a children's 
library. 

ZloB Hebrew lastltate of 
BroBz, 1342 Stebbins Ave. 
Communal Weekday School. 
Principal : S. Widuchinsky. 
No. pupils: 220 boys, SO 
girls. Staff: 3 teachers. Ses- 
sions: Sunday, 9 a. m. to 1 
p. m. ; Monday. 4 to 8 p. m. 



BROOKLYN, <|VBBNS AND RICHMOND 



Taissndlcai ScImkiI, 

rel St. Communal 
r school. Principal: 
;r. No. pupils: 150 
6 girls. SUff: 8 
Sessions: Sunday, 
o 3 p. m.; weekdays, 
. m. 

iBd T. T« Sea Breeze 
mey Island. No. of 
30 boys, 10 girls. 

York Talmnd Tomh, 

lont Ave. Organized 

Communal weekday 

Pres., A. Silberman. 

. Abramowits. Prln- 

oses Abelowitz. No. 

90 boys, 26 girls. 

teachers. Sessions: 

9 a. m. to 1 p. m.; 

'S, 8:30 to 7:30 p. m. 

Imhhi KiUrnh Yeshl- 

' Saratoga Ave. 



Communal weekday school. 
Pres., M. Feldhuhn. Sec'y, 
A. Cantor. No pupils: 160 
boys. Staff: 4 teachers. 
Sessions: Sunday, 9 to 12 
m.; weekdays, 8:30 to 7:30 
p. m. 

Feldhnhn, Herman, Pres. 
Ha'gaon Rabbi Elijah Yeshi- 
bah (297 Saratoga Ave.); 
elected 1917. Term 1 year. 
Born 1868 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1891. Received Pub- 
lic School education. Mfr.: 
268 Canal St. Res.: 1696 St. 
Marks Ave., B'klyn. 



e b r e vr Free School of 
Brownsville, 400 Stone Ave., 
A communal weekday 
school, organized in 1901. 
School building budget, 
123,000. Pres.. A. Kaplan. 
Sec'y, Joseph Holtsberg. 
Principal: Harry Handler. 



school boys, under the aus- 19 

pices of the Bureau of Jew- 18 

ish Education. Sessions s. 

are held on Sunday from 9 an 

A. M. to 4 p. m., and week- M( 

days 4 to 8 p. m. On Sat- B' 

urdays and holidays the st. 
pupils conduct their own 

services. Heb] 

The school houses one of St. 

the experimental g i r 1 s' Pr 

schools of the Bureau of in< 
Jewish Education. It also 

serves as a center of the Mad 

Leag-ue of the Jewish Youth, 43< 

and of the Circle of Jewish W. 

Children. A number of ^u 

Young Judea clubs meet in J& 

its rooms. Festival clubs Ba 

and parents' meetings are B- 

part of the school activi- bo 

ties. tec 

9 a 

Hebrew Free Scbool of Staten 4 1 

lalaBd, 386 Jersey St., S. I. Afl 

No. of pupils: 27 boys. 22 Bo 

girls. tio 

Hebrew National Schools of zik 

B*klxii« Organized 1905. qui 

Present officers: Pres., Jacob sin 

Fink; Sec'y, A. Oshinsky; Bo 

Principal, Abram Perlberg. to 

Three communal weekday «.ia 



JSW18H BBIJaiOUB SCHOOLS 



379 



No. of pttpfla: (0 boyi, 10 
firli. 

■Mku IMMI T. T« 17 B«n- 
dauta Ave., Jamaica, Ia. I. 
PHndpal: I«. Jachnovlts. No. 
of'^pQa: 4S boys. S gtrla. 

Hw Lttia 1Ua«« Tnali, 644 

OMrfla Aveniia. Communal 
Weekday SchooL Prea, A. 
OenlGiL Sec'y. Lu Oolditeln. 
PrindiMa: Nathan Halfman. 
Ka pnplli: 120 boys. 40 sir Is. 
Staff: t teachers. Sessions: 
Soaday. S a. m. to 1 p. m.; 
veekdays, 4 to S p. m. 

ScWtl eC MbHeal laistractioa, 

Cl Heserole St. Communal 
weekday school. Orirsnlsed 
ISOO. School building. Pres., 
& H. Whlteman. Sec*y, S. 
Bfran. Principal: N. Kulish. 
No. of pupils, 400 boys; 60 
flrla Staff: 7 teachers. 
Siialoas: weekdays, '4 to 
t Pk m.; Sundays. S a. m. to 
Ip. m. 

StspelteB Hebrew School, 645 

Bay st^ Stapelton. S. I. 
Principal: MaxweU Ehrlich. 
No. of pupils: 30 boys, 80 
firU 



Sefcssl at ll««ek^ 

fwm, 67 Oraham Avenue. 
Ortaalsed 1609. Communal 
weekday school. Pres., 
Charles Verbelofsky. Sec'y. 
H Oddsteln. No. pupils: 
1S6 boys. Staff: 6 teachers. 
Sessions: Sunday, 9 a. m. 
to 7 p. m.; weekdays. 4 to 
7 p. m. 



TalMsd Tosah Heeheteak. 146 

Stockton St; Org. 1909. Com- 
munal weekday school. Pres. 
Simon Qoldman. Sec'y, B. 
Maggin. Principal, Hyman 
ICamonoff. No. pupils: .400 
boys. Staff: 6 teachera 
Sessions: weekdays, 4 -to 8 
p. m.; Sundays, 6 a. m. to 
1 p. m. 

Gaidauui* SIsmb* Pres. Tal- 
mud Torah Hechodosh (146 
Stockton St), since 1612. 
Term 1 year. Born 1660 in 
Russia. Came to U. & 1695. 
Received general education. 
Manufacturer. 25 E#. 4th St. 
Res.: 709 Lafayette Ave. 

Tlphereth Israel Talmnd 
Torah, 262 Pennsylvania 

Avenue. Communal 
weekday school, reorgan- 
ised in 1912. School build- 
ing. Annual budget, $16,000. 
Pres.. Jacob Dunn. Sec'y. S. 
Tversky. Principal: Nathan 
Aaronson. No. pupils: 680 
boys; 225 girls. Staff: 12 
teachers. Sessions: Sun- 
day, 9 a. m. to 1 p. m.; week- 
days. 4:30 to 8:30 p. m. 
Besides the elementary He- 
brew School, instruction in 
secondary Jewish subjects 
is given to High School boys 
under the auspices of the 
Bureau of Jewish Educa- 
tion. Afniiated with the 
school is also a branch of 
the Circle of Jewish Child- 
ren of America and League 
of the Jewish Youth of 
America. 

Duss. Jacob, Pres. Tlphereth 
Israel T. T. (263 Pennsyl- 



Hebrew School of W 

burs, 311) South lal 
Communal weekday 
Pres,, Leo Gross. No 
360 boys. 140 girls. 



Tlpberctb Klon Talmnd Torab, 



1 weekday school. 
Pres,. JHcob KapelowItE 
No. puplla: 200 boys: Tii 
eirla. Staff: 1 teachcra. 
Sessions: Sunday, 9 a, m. 
to 1 p. m.: weekdays. 3:30 



ated: Young Judei 
Embroidery Circle, 



VFMblbatb . 

Blake Av 



roiiKrcf^atioiial Weekday 8eliooli 



.i.TT.*\ »XD BHOXX 




JBWI8H RSLIQIOUS SCHOOLB 



381 



ud weekday sohooL Rabbi: 
A Gallant. No. pupils: 250 
boya ISO ffirla. Staff: 12 
tetclMra. SeMdona: Satur- 
daj, 2 to 6 p. m.; Sunday, 
t:IO a. m. to 12:10 p. m.; 
VMkdaySp 4 to 7 p. m. 

Teaple Beth BloUai, 961 

Soathem A>ulevard. Con- 
gregational Sunday and 
Weekday SchooL Principal: 
L J. Alderman. No. pflpils: 
7S boya» 76 ffirls. Staff: 9 
teachers. Sessions: dun- 
day, 10 a. m. to 12 m. Mon- 
day and Thursday. '4 to 6 
p. m. 

TalMod To rah Shel Beth 
HaaMraah, 911% E. 169th 
St Teacher: S. L a n d t; s . 
Xo. of pupils: 20. 

>cch KaaUdrash Ha^odol, 829 

Forest Ave.. Bronx. Con- 
freffational Weekday 
SchooL Principal: Benja- 
min Rablnowits. No. pupils: 
ISO boys. 10 crirls. Staff. 2 
teachers. Sessions: Sunday. 
9 a m. to 1 p. m.; weekdays, 
4 to8 p. m. 



Chevrali Beth 
•heerfUi T. T^ 120 Columbia 
8t Rabbi, Berel Gottlieb. 
No. of pupils: 25 ffirls. 

T. T. of Beth Israel Aaehel 
Gallcki Co«v.« 8884 Park Aw. 
Oonirresrational Weekday 
SchooL Sec'y. A. Goldsmith. 
No. pupils: 100 boys. 50 
firla Staff: 2 teachers. 
Sessions: Sunday. 9 to i 



p. m.; Weekdays, 2:10 to 8 
p. m. I 

Beth Israel BUnw Chellai, 

72nd St. and Liexinflrton Ave. 
Congregational Sunday and 
Weekday SchooL Princi- 
pal: Samuel Benjamin. No. 
pupils: 120 boys, 160 jrirla. 
Staff: 7 teachers. Sessions: 
Sunday. 9:80 to 12 m.; Tues- 
day and Thursday, 4 to 6^ 
p. m. 

Blelistoker, 7-11 WiUett St. 
Congregational Weekday 
School. Principal: S. Perl- 
stein. No. pupils: 100 boya. 
Staff: 2 teachers. Sessions: 
Sunday, 9 a. m. to 1 p. m.; 
weekdays. 4 to 8 p. m. 

B>iiai Israel Cong., 588 W. 

148th St. Rabbi: Isidor 
Reichert. No. pupils: 25 
boys. 85 girls. 

B*sal Israel Anshei Fordhaai, 

2294 Arthur Ave., Bronx. 
Principal: S. Rocklin. No. 
pupils: 55 boys, 15 girls. 

Bohemian American Israelite 
Cong., 310 E. 72 nd St. 
Rabbi: J. Salzman. No. 
pupils: 15 boys, 36 girls. 

First Ronmanian Sphardlaher 
Sehul Hebrew School, 1879 
Washington Ave. No. of pu- 
pils: 27. 

First Van Neet Hebrew Cong., 

1712 Garfield St. Principal: 
J. Berger. No pupils: 50 
boys, 80 girls. 



V a, m. to 12 m. 
4 to 7 p. m. 



Weekdays, 



KekUath Israel, 1162 Jackson 
Ave. Congrregatlonal Week- 
day School. Rabbi: Ellas L. 
Solomon. No. pupils: 120 
boys. 80 girls. Staff: 3 
teachers. Sessions: Sunday, 
10 to 12 m.; weekdays. 4 to 
6 p. m. 

KImH Ad«th Jeshorns, 1275 
Hoe Ave. Ck>ngrreerational 
Weekday School. Princi- 
pal: Max Kedushin. No. 
pupils: 100 boys, 15 girls. 
Staff: 2 teachers. Sessions: 
Sunday, 9 a. m. to 12 m.: 
weekdays, 4 to 7 p. m. 

KneMeth Israel, 206 W. 139th 
St. Congrregrational Week- 
day School. Pres.: H. 
Schneiderman. Sec'y: D. 
Schechter. No. pupils: 120 
boys, 80 girls. Staff: 3 
teachers. Sessions: Sunday. 
9 a. m. to 12:30 p. m.; week- 
days, 8:30 to 7 p. m. 
Schneiderman, Hymnn, Vro^ 
Talmud To rah Knesseth 
Israel (205 W. 139th St.): 
elected 1917. Term 6 month.s. 
Born 1882 in Russi.i. c^:ni. 



Princl 
♦^r Fri 
20 bo: 

IHonteflo 

He wit 

S\;ef?a 

Rabbi 

pupils 

Staff: 

Sunda: 

days. 

Ohab Z« 

St. C 

day 

Drachr 

Wald. 

boys. 

Sundaj 

weekdj 
« 

Ohnh Ze 

630 E. 

We Inst 
boys. 

ConxreKn 

92nd St 
(In the 
H. A.) 

Weok(h 
225 boy 

Sun.-I.M V 



JXWISH BBUGIOtJS 8CH00US 



3sn 



taff: 2 teachers. Sea- 
Sunday, 9.S0 a. m. to 
Tuesday and Thum- 
6 p. ra. 

Imcus BUJak, 118 W. 

Rabbi: Jacob S. 

No. pupils: 98 boys, 



mnel MoUlTer, 29& 

St. Con^resrational 
y School. Principal: 
nan. No. pupils: 100 
aS: % teachers. Ses- 
(unday, 9 a. m. to 1 
eekdays, 4 to 7 p. m. 

lodphel Shoiom Dob- 
ichCKil. 26 Orchard St. 
ils: 40 boys. 



12:30 p. m.; weekdays, 4 
6:80 p. m. 



to 



IkoBUilBS, 91 Rivins- 
Congrresra tional 
ly School. Principal: 
rolls. No. pupils: 300 
taff: 4 teachers. Ses- 
iunday, 9 a. m. to 12 
ikdays, 4 to 7 p. m. 



Armam Zorali, 

tiard St. Congrregra- 
Weekday School. 
Mayer Waknln. No. 
120 boys. Staff: 3 
s. Sessions: Sunday, 
! m.; weekdays. 3 to 
.; Saturday. 12 to 5 



Ce4ek« 23 W. 118th St. 
national Weekday 
Rabbi: P. Chertoff. 
ipils: 75 boys, 50 
Itaff: 2 teachers. Ses- 
Sunday. 10 a. m. to 



SlMi*«rel ZloB, 811 E. 179th St. 
Principal: Rabbi Siskin d 
Evenson. No. pupils: 76 
boys, 5 sirls. 

Conv. Shearlth B*iuil Imrmml, 22 

E. 118th St. Rabbi: Jacob 
A. Dolgrenas. No. pupils: 26 
boys, 60 sirls. 

Shearlth Iwraei (Polonies Tal- 
mvd Tomk), 99 Central 
Park West. The Polonies 
Talmud Torah is the oldest 
Jewish school in America. It 
was orgranized earlier than 
1731, and reorgranlzed in 
1801 under its present name. 
Together with the Sunday 
School affiliated with it, the 
school teaches 61 boys and 
86 g-irls, under a staff, of 9 
teachers. Sup't. D. de Sola 
Pool. Sessions: Sunday. 9:30 
to 12:30 p. m.; Tuesday, 
Wednesday. Thursday, 3:45 
to 5 p. m. 

Sheerlth Israel Bohnsher 8tc- 
f aneshter Kraz C k e r r a h 
S c k o o 1 , 81 Rivington St. 
Teacher: M. Reich. No. of 
pupils: 20. 

Chevrah Shorn rlnoi I«aboker» 

611 E. 136th St. Rabbi: 
Moses Pfeffer. No. pupils: 
65 boys. 

Slnal Consrresratlon, 961 Steb- 
blns Ave., Bronx. Congrregra- 
tional Sunday and Weekday 
School. Rabbi: Max Reich- 



COMMUNAL 



. Principal: M. Kiel 
iH. suit: 11 tea 



School. Robbl: Moses 1 
that. No. pupils: 100 
60 BtrlB. Staff: i lel 
Sesalona: Sunday. 10 a 



TiilmDd Tornh, 286 E. 7gth 
St. Teacher: Morris Atla«. 
No. pupils: 2S hovB, 

Torah Hc-ZlOB, 199 Christo- 
pher 6L. B'klyn. Principal; 
HarrlB L. I<evl. No. pupllx: 



Elotaron Elphratm, 183 

St. CodBrcgatlonal 11 
and Sunday SchooL 
B. Drachman. No. 
1!G bova, ?S Klrla. 
Sessions: 



10 



I 13 




JKSfVm BBUOIOUS SCHOOUS 



385 



SesslonB: Sunday, 
1:S0 p. m.; week- 
8:30 p. m. 

10 Noble Street. 

tonal Sunday and 

School. Principal: 

Rome. No. pupils: 

10 crlrls. Staff: 6 
Sessions: Sunday, 
m. ; Monday and 

y, 4 to 6 p. m. 

of FiatlNMh Re- 
ho«l» Church Ave. 
»oroush Rd. Con- 

11 Sunday and 
SchooL Rabbi : 
Levinson. Princl- 
u rsrer. No. pupils : 

Staff: 8 teachers. 
Sunday, 9:46 to 12 
ays, 3 to 6 p. m. 



I Aaakd Bsseth 
>nik« 336 Harrison 
reerational Sunday 
kday School, 
ael Ooldfarb. No. 
boys, 340 girls, 
sachers. Sessions: 
, 4 to 7 p. m.: 
80 to 13 m. 

RelUrtans School 

:or. 64th St. Con- 
il Weekday and 
hool. Rabbi: Solo- 
man. No. pupils: 
160 arlrls. Staff: 10 
Sessions: Sunday, 
1.; weekdays, 4 to 



SBS - el Relli^ons 
th Aye. and 49th 



St. Consrregational Sunday 
and Weekday School. Rabbi: 
David Levine. Principal: 
Isidor Konowitx. No. pupils: 
350 boys, 860 girls. *8taff: 34 
teachers. Sessions: Sunday, 
10 to 12 m. 



Kncsoeth lamel Taiasnd Tomh. 

Bay Parkway and 86th St., 
B'klyn. Rabbi, Jacob Sak- 
lod. No. pupils: 26 boys, 10 
girls. 

Maehmlkel Talmud TomUI, 317 

Corona Ave., L. I. Principal: 
R. Kavetzky. No. pupils: 30 
boys, 80 girls. 

Temple Pefach Tlkral Rellgl- 
oiu School, Rochester Ave. 
and Lincoln PI. Congrega- 
tional Sunday and weekday 
school. Rabbi: I. H. Levin - 
thai. No. pupils: 280 boys, 
240 girls. Staff: 18 teach- 
ers. Sessions: Sunday, 9:45 
to 12 m.; weekdays, 4 to 7 
p. m. Children's services on 
Saturday mornings. 

8 h « a r e I Tephllah Talmud 
Torah, 8669 Bay 16th St., 
Congregational weekday 
and Sunday school. Rabbi: 
Joseph Jaffe. No. pupils: 110 
boys, 36 girls. Staff: 2 
teachers. Sessions: Sunday, 
9 a. m. to 1 p. m.; weekdays, 
3:30 to 7:30 p. m. 

Shaarel Torah Hebrew School, 

812 DeKalb Ave.. B'klyn. 
Principal: Ph. Feder. No. of 
pupils: 55 boys. 



73 Bay 21 
Principal: 



COMMUNAL REGISTER 

I Hebrew Scbool. SesaLonB 

d St. CongreBa- weekda> 

110 boys, 



6:S0 p 



Stall: 3 teacher 
inaay, 9 a. m. I 
^ekdaya, 3:30 I 



Bsl Jacob, 131 

ve. Rabbi: S 
No. pupils: ti 



riphcrcth Inrael Tolmnd Torak 
of BrooklTO. 37-39 Throop 
Ave, OrBaiilied 1910, Con- 
erepallonal weekday school. 
Prea.: A. BrafmaQ. Sec'y: 
J. Lapldea. Principal: Saul 
BackBteln. No. pupils: 926 



30 girls. 



Ahavath Iara«l Co 
Riasewood. 1373 Oati 
Principal: Morris Sol 
No. pupils: GO boya, 1 



onb, 1251 1 




JBWI8U BEUCUOUS SCHOOUB 



387 



lExt^niion of tl»« 
of American Hebrew 
stations. PrtndiMl: 
E. Ooldstein. No. pu- 
00 boys, 208 irlrls. 
6 teachers. Sessions: 
^ 9 a. m. to 2 p. m.; 
lys. t:10 to 7:10 p. m. 
ed: Parents' Ass'n, 
^n's clnbs. 

Day Ifaraarjr aatf 
sartea, IS Iftontflrom- 
Instltutlon founded 
i. 8up't: J. H. Luria. 
pils: 150 in fcinder- 
and nursery: 100 in 
r School. 

Ifatloaai Orphaa 

62 St. Marks Place. 

t u t i o n a 1 Weekday 

Principal: M. Ep- 

No. pupils: 110 boys. 

3 teachers. Sessions: 



Sunday, 9 a. m. to 1 p. m.: 
weekdays, 4 to 8 p. m. 

Hebrew Oryhaa Asylaai He- 
brew 8ehoal,1560 Amsterdam 
Ave. Institutional Weekday 
School. Superintendent: 
Solomon Lowenstein. Prin- 
cipal: Prof. Israel Davidson. 
No. pupils: 470 boys, 282 
erirls. StafP: 7 teachers. Ses- 
sions: Saturday, 8 a. m. to 
2 p. m.; Sunday, 8 to 11 a. 
m.; weekdays, 3:30 to 8:80 
p. m. 

School of Spaalsh aad Portn- 
iraese Sisterhood, 73 Allen 
St. and 86 Orchard St. In- 
stitutional Weekday School. 
Principal: A. Ben- Ezra. No. 
pupils: 85 boys. 85 grirls 
Staff: 3 teachers. This school 
is conducted for children of 
Oriental Jews. 



BROOKI^YN, aVKENS AND RICHMOND 



EMncatloaal Alllaaee 
eapaiat, 961 Manhat- 
Ave. Institutional 
ay School. Principal: 
kle. No. pupils: 140 
fflrls. StaCE: 2 teach- 
esslons: Weekdays. 4 

m.; Sunday. 9 a. m. 

m. 



icatflaaal lastltate 
th Brooklya* 874 7th 
'klyn. Institutional 
ay School. Principal: 



Herman L. Martin. No. pu- 
pils: 75 boys, 60 grirls. Staff: 

3 teachers. Sessions: Week- 
days, 3:16 to 7 p. m.; Friday, 

4 to 6 p. m. 

Hebrew Edocatloaal Soeiety. 

664 Hopkinson Ave., B'klyn. 
Institutional Sunday and 
Weekday School. Sup't: 
Charles S. Bernhelmer. No. 
pupils: 448 boys and sirls. 
Staff: 4 teachers. Sessions: 
Sunday, 9 a. m. to 1 p. m. ; 
weekdays, 4 to 8 p. m. 



COMMUNAL REQIBTEB 

Private Weekday Schools 

MANHATTAN AND BRONX 



Kmaier. Fela wd F^eka Pri- 
vate Sckook 47 Lewla St. 
Private Weekday School 
Principal: Philip Kraniei 
No. pupils: 100 boys, 2 
girls. Staff: 3 teachera. S«s 
slons: Sunday, B a. m. lo 
p. m. ; weekdays, 2 to 9 p. m 

Naden Hrkrew Bekool. 34 VI 

llStb St. Private Weekda: 
School. Principal: S. Kasdan. 
No. pupils: 140 boys, 30 
girls. Stan: 3 leaclie 
Blons; Sunday, 9 a. m. 
p, m,: weekdays. 1 to 



pupils: ItO boys. 
Staff: i teachers, 
Sunday, 10 a. ni. ti 
weekdays, 4 to 3 t 
WcM Sld« Hebnn 
330 Seventh Ave. 
Weekday Bcbool. 
pal: H. a Wald 
pupils: 80 boys. 
Staff; " 



;tkda) 






rachkemnnl Hrlii 

1378 Proapecl A 
Weekday School, 



Zcmbabel Hebrew S 




889 
Sunday School Instruction 

There are in New York City 41 schools in which in- 
stmction is given on Saturdays or Sundays. As dis- 
tinguished from 'the supplementary weekday schools, the 
Sunday schools are unrelated to the public schools, in 
as much as their programs and time of instruction have 
no relation to the public school system. Of these 41 
schools, the great majority, or 37 schools, are conducted 
by congregations;* and the remaining 4 are conducted 
in conjunction with Jewish welfare institutions, or are 
managed by special educational societies. The 41 schools 
give instruction to 7,951 pupils, of whom 55% are girls. 

These schools being adjuncts of regular congregations, 
are supervised by the rabbis. The entire teaching staff 
consists of 346 teachers, more than half of whom (55%) 
are women. In some of these schools the teachers are 
paid, whereas in others they render their services gratis. 
The cost of instruction is about $2.00 per child annually 
in those Sunday schools whose teachers are mainly vol- 
unteers; and from $7.50 to $10.00 per child annually 
in schools with paid teaching staffs. The aggregate sums 
expended upon the Sunday schools annually is approxi- 
mately $50,000. 

The typical Sunday school holds sessions during 34 
weeks of the year, two and a half hours each week on 
Sonday mornings. The central subject of the curricu- 
lum, instead of being language and literature, is history, 
to which 48% of the time is devoted. The Hebrew lan- 
guage receives 30% of the total time of iiistrnction ; and 
religion and ethics about 20%. 

*Some of these schools also conduct weekday classes in Hebrew. 
These are listed in the Register among the weekday schools. 



CongregationiRl Sunday S 



MANHATTAN AND BRON3 



CkeiMd Ska'ar Ha- 

, 55th St. and Lex- 



Akarath 
•hoi 

in^ton Ave. Conerreerational 
Sunday School. Rabbi: Isaac 
S. Moses. Prlnclpi.1: Max L. 
Schalleck. No. pupils: 90 
boys, 70 ffirls. Staff: 5 
teachers. Sessions: Sunday, 
9:80 to 12 m. 

Temi^Ie Beth«el« 5 th Ave. and 
76th St. Consregratlonal Sun- 
day School. Rabbi: Samuel 
Schulman. Principal: Max 
Radin. No. pupils: 81 boys, 
74 ffirls. Staff: 10 teachers. 
Sessions: Sunday, 9:15 a. m. 
to 12 m. 



Teaiple Kmanuel, 6th Ave. and 
48d St. Congrregratlonal Sun- 
day School. Orir. 1845. first 
Jewish Sunday School In 
New York City. Sup't: H. G. 
Enelow. No. pupils: 92 boys. 
135 girls. Staff: 12 teachers. 
Affiliated: Brightslde orgran- 
Isatlon. Junior Society. 
Emanuel Asaociation. 



Synavogm 

68th St. 
Newman. 
89 erirls. 
9:46 to 11 

Uowmtoyn 

ton St. 
Bernard K 
107 boys, 
Sunday, 1 
urday, 10: 

Soath Brc 

3d Ave. 
Hershfleld 
boys and . 
a. m. to 1 

McKlBley 

and Bostc 
Louis I. Nc 
125 boys 
sions: Sur 
to 12 m. 

Hant** Pc 

Southern 
Louis I. ! 
pils: 250 
Sessions: 



JBWIBH SEUalOUB SCHOOLS 



No. puplli : €0 



PrlDdpal: ImioTe 
No. puplU: ISO 
KlrlB. Staff: 10 
SmsIodb: Sunday 
l*y, a to 11 m. 



Tke NctT SraBBocnc, TSth SI. 
and B'way. Rabbi and Prin- 
cipal: aphralm Frlach. No. 
puplts: ZG boya, 29 slrla. 

TnpU Rsdcpb Sbolom, Lex- 
ington Ave. H.nd 63d St. 
Congregational Sunday 
School Rabbi: Rudolph 
OrosBman. Principal: Liouls 
Marks. No. pupils: 80 boye, 
liO glrli. SibB: 7 teachers, 
Seaalona: Sunday, 9:30 to 
IZ m 

Sha'araj Tcflla. 160 W. SInd 
St. Congregational Sunday 
School. Rabbi: Nathan Stern. 
No. pupils: IGO boys, 160 
glrli. Staff: 18 teacbera. 
Seaalona: Sunday. 9:30 to II 



>bath BchMli 310 
leachera. Saaaioni: 
) to 11. 

•■■» GSl W. ItOth 
■egatlonal Sunday 
tabbl: A. B. Ana- 
Inclpal: Mra. D. B. 
No. pupils: ITS 
gfrU. Staff: SO 
8«m1oii*: .Sunday. 



:. Congrvgatlonal 
cbool. B*bM: B. 
Principal: HIbb Q, 
>. puplla: 111 boys, 
Staff; T tncb«ra. 



Bona of lararl CoacrecatloB. 

16 Pike St. Rabbi: Uoaea I. 
Sklnder. Principal: Albert 
LucBB. Congregational Sun- 
day School. No. puplla; GO 

boya. 300 Kirl*. Stall: 8 



Tenple of P«ce, E<3 W. IflSnd 

St. Rabbi: Wm. Liowenberg. 
No. pupils: 26 boya, SB girls. 
Trcvant Temple, SO 64 Con- 
course St., Bronx. Congre- 
gational Sunday School. 
Principal: Alex H. Holeman. 
No, pupils: ISO boys. 160 
girls. SesBlona: Sunday, 10 



BROOKLYN 



teachers. Sessions: Sunday, 
10 to 12 m. 

Temple Beth Elohim, 274 Keap 
St., B'klyn. Congrresational 
Sunday School. Rabbi: S. R. 
Cohen. Principal: Mrs. D. 
Van Raalt No pupils: 82 
boys, 90 sirls. Staff: 7 teach- 
ers. Sessions: Sunday, 9:30 
to 12 m. 

Beth Blohlm, 8th Ave. and 
Garfield PI.. B'klyn. Con- 
irreeratlonal Sunday School. 
Rabbi: Alex. Lyons. No pu- 
pils: 146 boys, 160 girls. 
Staff: 16 teachers. Sessions: 
Sunday. 10 to 12 m. 

CoMr> Beth Jehada, 904 Bed- 
ford Ave., B'klyn. Congrre- 
arational Sunday School. 
Rabbi: Samuel Buchler. No. 
pupils: 50 boys, 50 girls. 
Staff: 4 teachers. Sessions: 
Sunday, 10 to 12 m. 



Beth Sholom PeopleuP Temple, 

Bay 24th St. and Benson 
Ave., B'klyn. Congregrational 
Sunday School. Rabbi: Jacob 
Goldstein. No. pupils: 100 



Temple Ian 

Bedford A 
grregation 
Rabbi: Na 
clpal: Be 
No. pupils 
Staff: 7 t 
Sunday, 1* 

Temple lurt 

and State 
way. It. 
Sunday S 
Landman. 
Veit. No. 
110 girls. 
Sessions: 
m. 

Mt. Sinai Tei 

B'klyn. Co 
day School 
Silverman, 
boys, 78 gi 
ers. Sessi 
to 12 m. 

Cong. Ohel J 
St., B'klyn 
ham Pishe 
boys, 10 gl 

Temple Sha* 



JBWI8H BEUOIOUS 8CH00LB 



393 



^ Weat St. ana Ditinafl 
f ATe^ BrUyn. Congresatlon- 
«1 ftmday SehooL Rabbi and 



Principal: Jacob Kats, No. 
pnplls: eo boys, 50 fflrU. 
Staff: 8 teachera Seaalont: 
Sunday, 10 a. m. to IS m. 



Instltatlonal Sunday School 



Mcnrttoa Ictt l— ca t aff nmv 

k% 140 & lOBth St. Inati- 
tatlonal Sunday School. 
8Dp't: Vn. R. Ifarkowlti. 
Principal: Samuel Sussman. 



No. pupils: 82 boys, 108 
girls. Staff: 7 teachers. 
Sessions: Sunday, 10 a. m. 
to 12 m. 



Jewish and secular subjects. 1 
taught from 9 A.M. to 3 P.M., a 
are taught from 3 to 7 P.M. A 
these schools are boys. 

The secular curriculum in tlies 
4,800 hours of instruction, provi< 
does the minimum public scho( 
York, which calls for 7,190 hoi 
course. But this difference is chie 
the parochial schools do not teach 
such as elementary science, manu 
In the fundamentals (English, m 
penmanship, etc.), the parochia 
practically as many hours as doe 
school curriculum. 

The Jewish curriculum, giving 
instruction during the seven yean 
more intensive than the currici 
schools, in which about 2,600 ho 
given. The central subject of the 
beyond the fourth year of study, i 
20% of the total time is devoted, 
staff consists of 54 tPAohprx whm 



JMWniB VMSLUBKfUB SOHOQLfi 



895 



Parochial Schools 



lU-l B4nrr St. Talmadical 
Behool orsanlseA In 1901, 
flvliv Instniotloii ' both la 
Jtvliii and In S«oular sub- 
ieets. School buildlner. 
Bvdffot; |M,MO. Ptml: 
JvUiis J. Dukaa. Sao'y: A. 

6 Bloch. Principal of He- 
brew ScAool: A Simon. 
Prlneipal of Secular De- 
^rtment: Joseph Phillips. 
The school teaches 1*48 
boys. The Jewish Curriou- 
huot which emphasises par- 
tieslarlr the study of Tal- 
mud, is tauffht every morn- 
Ing (except Saturday), 
from 9 a. m. to S p. m. 
Public school studies are 
taoght afternoons from 4 to 

7 p. m. (except Friday and 
Saturday). The teaching 
staff consists of 14 Hebrew 
teachers and IS teachers of 
Mcular subjects. 

Tilauiieal laatltate of Har- 

ksi. Si W. 114th St. Paro- 
chial School, teaching Jew- 



ish and public school sub- 
jects. Pres.: Jacob Iionlts. 
Principal: Rev. M. Sterman. 
Ko. pupils: 100 boys. StaS: 
6 teachera Sessions: Sun- 
day, 9 a. m. to 7 p. m.; 
weekdays, 9 a. m. to 7 p. m. 
I««Bltsb Jaeob* Pres, Tal- 
mudical Institute of Har- 
lem (Se W. 114th St.), 
since 1915. Term 1 year. 
Born 1869 in Russia. Re- 
ceived general Jewish edu- 
cation. (Cotton goods: 199 
Oreene St. Rea: 117 E. 
9Sth St. 

Yeshlvath RabM Chafm Berlin, 

1899 Prospect PI., B'klyn. 
Parochial school, teaching 
Jewish and public school 
subjects, organized in 1912. 
Pres., B. A. Lesser. Princi- 
pal, Rabbi CThaim I. Moseson. 
No. of pupils: 200 boys. 
Staff: 8 teachers. Sessions: 
Sundays. 9 A. M. to 7 P. M. 
Weekdays, 9 A. M. to 7 P. M. 

Yeshlbath Ets Chalm (See 
Rabbincal College). 



tcaciitrr «eiiuoiis. mere are more tna 
Chedarim situated in various parts of t 
countries of Europe, the Cheder or pri 
the normal educational institution for tl 
Jewish children. The Talmud Torah o 
schoor, existed only to educate the child 
In America, these conditions have beer 
versed. Because of the fundamental ne< 
systematic work in this country, the Ta 
developed into the most hopeful instituti* 
ary education of Jewish children. The 
contrary, has degenerated. 

Several causi^ contributed to the deg( 
Cheder. In the small communities of I 
where every individual and his activiti 
there was a general unofficial control i 
of the Cheder, exerted by public opin 
knew the qualifications and abilities o 
The teachers were therefore men of kno\^ 
character, especially in the higher Pent£ 
mud schools. After several years of ex 
as an apprentice to some other teacher, 
school, the teacher usually acquired the 



jswif^ BBiniious aoBoois 897 

rtienlar eflEorU of individual teachers. Every per- 
i» qualijSed or unqualifiedy who wishes to supplement 
weekly eanungs by keeping school, can do so without 
dnuice. Today, many of the New York Chedarim 
taught by men who had been teachers in Eastern 
ope. These men came to this country too late in 
to make new adjustments, and they therefore con- 
e in the only occupation which they knew in the 
of their birth. The lot of these earnest, mediaeval 
f zealously trying to impart unwished-f or knowledge 
le unwilling youngsters of the New World, is a sad 
indeed. But there are many other Chedarim kept 
hose who are less worthy. These are usually ignor- 
men who spend their mornings in peddling wares or 
lying some trade, and utilize their afternoons and 
ings for selling the little Jewish knowledge which 
have, to American children, at so much per session 
! — ^25c per week, for 10 or 15 minutes instruction 
r). The usual procedure is for a group of boys to 
er in the home of the self-appointed ''Bebbi," and 
ait their turn or "next." While one pupil drawls 
tunelessly the Hebrew words of the prayer book, 
rest play or fight, with the full vivacity of youth, 
nother cause for the degeneration of the Gheder lay 
he economic condition of the parents. In Eastern 
ope their educational standard had been. high. But 
his country the new immigrants were too much oc- 
ied with their daily struggle for existence to be able 
levote much of their time to the question of the re- 
ous education of their children. Their educational 
ndards consequently decreased, so that an elementary 



1 ■: 



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.1 



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li 

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4%^:^. 

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rVoL 




461 

TEACHERS' TRAINING SCHOOLS 

^ far back as the middle of the last century, efforts 
e made by the Jevrs of New York to provide pro- 
ional training for their Jewish teachers. In a sense, 
fnture development of Judaism depends upon the 
»re and equipment of the men and women who are 
ged in Jewish religious instruction. The Jews of 
eity are aware of the immediate need of adequately 
ing their young men and women for this profession. 
1903, special classes were opened by the Jewish Theo- 
al Seminary for the purpose of training teachers 
ewish schools. But these classes were inadequate to 
the growing demand, and six years later, in 19p9, 
Teachers' Institute of the Jewish Theological Serai- 
was organized. The principal of this Institute is 
, M. M. Kaplan. The faculty is composed as 

Prof. Israel Priedlaender — Jewish History. 
Dr. Elias Solomon — ^Bible and Customs. 
Babbi M. Levine — Hebrew and Talmud.. 
Mr. Joseph Braggin — Hebrew. 
Mr. Zevi Scharfstein — Hebrew Literature and 

Methods of Teaching Hebrew. 
Mr. Leo L. Honor — Jewish History and 

Methods of Teaching History. 
Mr. Joshua Neiunann — Bible. 

e Institute offers a three years' training course to 
long men and 73 young women. Since 1912 it has 
lAted iix classes, granting a total of 114 teacher*' 



this city. The standard of studies in 
been recently raised to a consideral 
regular entrance as applicants of youi 
women who were graduated from the ? 
classes of the Bureau of Jewish TSdna 
The present quarters of the Institut 

- ing of the Hebrew Technical Institute 
vesant Street. Classea are conducted 
days, from eight to ten hours during t 
tion in the first year is given in Hebre 
ing] Bible; and history. During th« 
work in these subjects is continued ai 
ture and pedagogy are added. The 
consists in methods of teaching Bible 
ture and Grammar. Observation xAi 
vided for the students, as well as pre 
the last year, an additional course in 
Ceremonies is offered. . 

Besides the regular course, instruct 
a small group of men and women t< 

• sunervisory or administrative work ii 



JBWBH SILiaiOnB EDUOATION 



453 



dtuated at S6 Orchard Street, and has an enrollment of 
thirty pupils. The students are all young boys, ranging 
in age from thirteen to sixteen years. A four years' 
course of intensiye training in Hebrew language and 
literature is to be provided for them. The principal in 
diarge is Babbi Meyer Wazman. 



ForMtlaner, B.. 175 iflssex »i. 
Frankel, A., 22 Rutgers St. 
Friedland, A., 1S3 Madison St. 
Fried, 1207 Washington Ave. 
Friedman, S^ 495 Hudson St. 
FriMkbcrff, N^ 22 W. 114th St. 

' FormaB, B., 74 Leonard St.. 
B'klyn. 

GertBofl, N., 925 Sackman St., 
B'klyn. 

Ooldtkole, I^ 293 E. 3d St. 

GoMier, L^ 1468 Webster Ave. 

Goldfarb, Mm 4811 14th Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Grecaberv, U, 601 Marcy Ave., 
B'klyn. 

GrecBlleld, 25 W. 42nd St. 

«i.^.ka.«- mr R4S K 178th St. 



B'klyn 
Hershco 

HIrshllel 

Ave., : 

Hofer. I 

Horbatk 

B'klyr 

ItBCOWit 

J«eob»oi 

B'klyi 

Jafle, J. 
Jalle, B. 
Jernsha 



St., B 
KaasoTi 
KatB, J. 
Kaufmi 



'•J ■■nil 



■yUGAXlOlf 



4§7 



WW 14M qrqolF P*Btt% I« St W. 114tli BU, 0(0 

Zembabel Heb. Sch. 



mttm, H^ Sit HMiry Bt. 



■ I 



. 171st St 
09 GUnton Bt ^ 

U Ui m. fth Bt 



A^ S4f HlnsOal* Bt, 
B'klyn. 

Pto9«ik« O^ 620 RlTerdale Aw^ 
B'klyn. 

PcrelberK "•• SOO Henry Bt 



% U 2<B Floyd St., 
B'klyn. 



8k^ 1706 BathgaU 



Aye. 



(SO Hownrd Ay., B'klyn. Pklnt, J. K.. SSS^ B. Srd St 



• I.* 4SS Vermont St. 
n. 

b, U, SOO Rom Bt 

\m, A^ f SO De Kelb Aye., 
n. 

M., 417 a. 66th St 

iM, B., Of 1 B. 17Srd St 

rlti^ J« SS W. 118th St 

Iteky, S8S Bristol St., 
n. 

, B., 84 Penn St 



RahlBowltB, A., 17 W. 116th St 

RaklnowttB, P., 2886 W. Slst 
St., Coney Island. 

RaehoTsky, Ch., 119 B. 114th 

St 

Rl€kMaii« 647 Hinsdale St, 
B'klyn. 

RiTllB, M.. 8 W. 119th St 



n^ 2S7 Division Ave.. *^^ »^ 1«* Cannon St 
n. 

812 Henry St 

cy, A^ 72 McKlbbln St., 

n. 

iky. A^ 287 So. 4th St.. 



r^ Its Thatford Aye., 



I., S813 15th Ave.. 
B'klyn. 

RMemfeld. 210 Ross St., B'klyn. 

RvMn, Ck., 61 B. 117th St 

Snplre^ 9k^ 176 Smith St, 
B'klyn. 



021 ■. lOOtli Bt 



Bpstein, Rose. 267 Stanton St. 

Plsk, A^ 1135 43rd St., B'klyn. 

PHcdlftBder, S^ 201 W. 118th 
St. 

Gamonw, B«* 219 W. 120th St. 

OtttelMB, M^ 159 E. 95th St. 

Ooldtark, 8. B^ 360 Clinton St., 
B'klyn. 

Ommmouib, AnBle, 89 W. 112th 
St. 



Gmi 



S^ 123 W. 10th St. 

ler, Lt 584 Powell St.. 
B'klyn. 

Honor, L. I^ 64 B. 122nd St. 

HvrwItB, Lonlfl, 588 W. 124th 
St 

iMUics. Meir, 210 Mt. Hope PI. 

Kftlb, A.. 400 B. Houston St. 

Kaplan, M. M., 120 B. 9Srd St. 



MeltBer, S. 
PltkowBky 
Fmser, Do 
Preiser, BU 
Reder, F., 

RcMnen* B. 

B'klyn. 

Sckoolnann 

St. 

Sknrfsteln 

St.. B'kl 



SUbci 

B'klyn. 

Slavln, M^ 

Solomon, 

Solteo, lU 

Ave., B' 

Stelvmnn, 



JEWISH HELIQIOUS EDUOATIOK 



461 



In 1913 the Jewish Beligiotuf School Union was or- 
gBoized for Sunday school teachers. Its members gath- 
ered at regolar intervals to listen to lectures on Jewish 
history and the Bible. Nineteen of the Sunday schools 
ot the city are affiliated with it. Its president is Babbi 

Clifton Harby Levy. 



cation which is given to Jewisn cnuaren 
cational system which lias not behind it 1 
power of the government, the principals tl 
realize the necessity for cooperation. T< 
Hebrew Principals' Association of New 
ganized in 1910 by the Bnreau of Jewisl 

Its purposes are three-fold: (1) to ra 
tional standard of the Talmud Torahs; 
about a uniform curriculum, or curricu 
Talmud* Torahs of the city; and (3) t 
eflSciency of Jewish school administratio 
cipals meet twicfe every month. At these 
the practical and the theoretic aspects of 
discussed, and plans are laid for the in 
school management and for the broadei 
policy. 

The Association issues a monthly bullei 
''Kuntros Hamodiyin," which it sends to 
of various schools throughout the Unite 
ofScers are: President, Ephraim Ish-Kisl 
Israel Konowitz, 356 Second Avenue. I 








••*«•« Ave. 






1^^ "^ list 



at. ■• >»• p. ,s, ^,„^ 



I 



.i 



\ 



Recreational and Cultural 

Agencies 



iintUli 



^ ■• 



487 



EOBEATION IN THE JEWISH COM- 
MUNITY OF NEW YORK CITY 

By Juuus Drachsleb 

Secretary of the Faculty, The School for Jewuk 

CommuMol Work. 

Tell me how a man spends his leisure time, and I 
11 tell yon what manner of man he is.'* The truth 
his quaint proverb would perhaps be even more tell- 
, were we to substitute the word ''community/' for 
word ''man"; for in nothing does a group show its 
erent traits more clearly than in the spontaneous 
»res8ions of play. 

'essimistic critics of our modem city life have drawn 
omy pictures of the gradual loss of naturalness in the 
reations of men and women of today. Even children, 
y cry» plAJ according to rules and regulations; and, 
:he city dweller does attempt to be spontaneous in 
amusements, he either loses himself in a riotous in- 
duce of superficial pleasures, or, what is worse, 
Dges into excesses which ultimately rob him of his 
dity. In his effort to re-create his body, he loses 
souL For this sad state of affairs these preachers of 
am blame our modem industrial life with its intense 
nggle for bread, and its nerve*wrecking pace. To 
^ minds, the mad seeking after pleasure in our large 
itt is an unconscious revolt against the tyranny of the 
^c^one, whether this be a real machine in a factory, 
' 4ie rdentleas, ever present, though invisible pressure 



COHHUNAL REOIBTEH 

nf tbe mecbaniBiD of the counting bouse or of the itook 
market. 

That many of thtise dtiprasuiiig truths should be ip- 
plicable to the Jew iii modern city life, and particularlj 
i eity like New York, is simply proof of the fact th»t 
Ithe Jew, too. is in the grip of an industrial life, whidi 
Ion the one hand, offers comparatively little leisure time 
land on the otiier, gives little encouragement for a modw 
Itle and balaneed enjoyment of it. Add to this his uerr 
Jous temperament, bom of centuries of struggle ag&ini 
■fearful odds, and we have a fairly oomplet« explanatia 
:■ lack of many of the (iner cultural and spiritM 
lelements in thi' leisure-time activities of a large par 
|of ilie Jewish populution, such as Ik found in New Yorl 



What are some of these forms of recreation t Whs' 



f 



RSCREATIONAL AND OUI/rURAL AGSNCIES 469 

QttelfiBh purposes — most of what is generous and kind 
in knman nature — are fostered in the privacy of home 
life. It is true with even greater force that home in- 
flnenees form taste in amusements of all kinds. Sham 
fefinementy vulgarity, boocishness and sensuousness in 
private entertainments cannot fail to be reflected in 
public amusements. If festival celebrations in the home, 
veddings, birthday parties, and other family gatherings, 
lack in a genuine spiritual tone and atmosphere (and 
surely no one will hold that, in order to be such, they 
must have an elaborate setting), then it ought not be a 
matter of great surprise if the press is not so refine<l 
in its appeal as it might be, that the theatre shows clear 
signs of decadence, that the cheap dance hall, and the 
sensuous moving picture show, have little difficulty in 
attracting their hundreds of thousands of devotees, and 
that the communal institutions which attempt to offset 
these demoralizing influences upon the youth by offering 
wholesome recreation under proper auspie^, find it prac- 
tically impossible to compete with the irresistible lure 
of the commercialized pleasure-places. A Jewish home 
that has no Jewish music, no Jewish pictures, no Jewish 
interests, no Jewish aspirations, no Jewish enthusiasms, 
is not infrequently a home the emptiness of which is 
fiDed with little more than the hollow pleasures of 
pinochle. 

The view that prevailing standards of recreation in 
the Jewish community are rito« too lofty, may easily 
be verified by a careful study'\if the press, the theatre, 
and the purely commercial recreational facilities at the 
eonunand of the masses of Jewish population in New 



COMtfUNAL BSOIBT^ 

jTork City. While the press, as aoch, would hardly l« 

Eonsidered a means of recreation, the Jewish, and pBP 

ftieularly the Yiddish press of this eity, does perforB 

fthis function for the great masses of its readers. Fa 

Ithem the Yiddish daily is a veritable -store-house of intet 

■ectual food. For most of them, it is the only source of iit 

■ormation to which they have access. Not having bed 

idei-s of newspapers in the lands from which thq 

me, and having had practically no secular education 

Ihe information contained in most of these dailies mnif 

ke pre-digested for them, and, if the food is ill-digestec 

prst hy the editor, then it will certainly be ill-digestai 

,- tJie reader. In spite of its faults, the Yiddish press 

I'itli the vast range of topics disi'iissed in its sheets, anc 

vith its half million daily readers in this city, is not onlj 

I great source of intellectual enjoyment to the Jewisli 



RECREATIONAL AND OITLTURAL AGENCIES 471 

the brief i>eriod of renascence in the opening years 
of this century was unfortunately too brief to make a 
lasting impression on either the producers or the public, 
and that today the Yiddish theatre is in a spiritually de- 
crepit condition, much as its financial basis may have 
been improved. We are then confronted with this di- 
lemma: on the one hand, the producers do not scruple 
nuch about the art and morals of their productions, and 
he masses take what is offered them ; on the other hand, 
he masses do not cry out for better art, and therefore 
he producers do not feel constrained to improve their 
rares. ^ 

That even less can be expected in the direction of rais- 
ng standards of recreation from the ordinary dance- 
lall and the cheap moving picture place, is obvious, 
[nartistic, crude, sensuous in their appeal, to the youth 
particularly, as these commercial pleasure-haunts are, 
many of them merit nothing but the deepest condemna- 
tion of the community. 

But mere dissatisfaction with, and even open and 
severe criticism of, existing conditions in the field of re- 
creation in the Jewish community of New York City, 
can hardly be the way of permanent improvement. Who 
is to blame t The just way, one might suppose, to ap- 
portion the blame, would be to say, quite paradoxically : 
everybody is to blame, and nobody is to blame. The 
individual Jew is at fault, because he does not join 
forces with those in the community who see the danger 
diead, and are sincerely working according to their best 
lights to prevent a catastrophe. The oommiuiity as a 
whole is at fault because it goes on its heedless way, 



COHHUNAIi REGISTER 

liorganized, chaotic, quibbling abnut ooD-esseotials 
Ihich should sink into insignificance when compared 
lith the great and serious tasks ahead of the JevB of 

1 city. 
J That there have been public-spirited Jewish men and 
lomen who have thought seriously of the problem o( 
Rcreational facilities, particularly for the youth, ii 
■own by existeuce of the various Y. M. H. A.'s, Y, ff. 
s, settlements and social centers in this city. tV 
I long time the main motive iu organizing these associl-. 
Ions was the desire to offset the bad effects upon young j 
tnple of the ff|piis of recreation described above. Thai I 
l-ganizatioiis provide entertaiuiiieut of all types, from 
■e little "affair'' held by small clubs for the benefit of 
■e members and their friends, to mass entertainments, 
liisicals, dranititie recitals, and pageants for the people 



KBCBSATIONAIi AND CULTURAL A0BNCIB8 473 

<tf the young people frequenting them will gradually 
improve t Decidedly yes! Make the recreational work 
in these organizations more Jewish in content and mean- 
ing T Decidedly yes! But doing all these necessary 
things, while going very far towards a solution, will 
Qot have touched the vital issue in the matter. That 
issue is this : Recreation is fundamentally a communal 
problem. It is a communal problem not in the sense 
that the community prescribes the particular forms of 
amusement for each person, or groups of persons (such 
an attitude is so undemocratic and un-American as to 
be condemned as soon as it finds expression), but rather 
in the sense that the community as a whole, must on the 
one hand, safeguard the leisure time of its members, 
and on the other hand, see to it that the forms of re- 
creation, whatever they may be, shall be such that they 
truly re-create in the finest spiritual sense of the term. 
If the Jewish community is to raise the standards of its 
leisure-time activities, whether they be carried on in the 
kome, in the private club, in the theatre, in the dance 
kail or in the social center, each and every member of 
the community must cooperate with the general com- 
ttiunity in its efforts to improve living and working con- 
^litions, so that the masses of the people may have more 
ieisure ; and, furthermore, the Jewish community 'must 
loarshal all its educational forces, the religious school, 
the synagogue, the social center, to develop a desire for 
the finest cultural and spiritual values on the part of 
its youth. Parallel with this, the community must be 
prepared to provide facilities just as soon as the de- 
DMind finds expression. Above all, there must be de- 



474 COHUUNAL 

veloped a powerful public opinion, which will 
upon all vulgai'ity and sham, wherever it may be 

in the communal life. 

It has been the distinctive feature of the geniiu 
Jew that he encompassed everything in the life 
individual and of the community within the boa 
the moral law. Not even play, the most spontant 
human expressions, was excluded. It was the 
who pleaded: "Art for Art's sake." It was tl 
l>rew who insisted: "Art for Life's sake." As "J 
Art's sake" is a less inchisive, and therefore less 
iial aim, than "Art for Life's sake," so must w( 
the aim of each and every member of the Jewisl 
munity in his pursuit of pleasures, re(;reation 
much for its own sake, but rather recreation foi 




475 

^OBK OF YOUNG MEN'S HEBREW 
D KINDRED ASSOCIATIONS IN 
NEW YORK CITY 

By I. E. QoLDWASSER, Chairman, 

Cammihee, Nc^ional Council of Young Men's 
Hebrew and Kindred Aesooiations 

nmg Men's Hebrew Agsociation of today differs 
etely from what was known as the Association 
ars ag0| that it is almost impossible to consider 
.ems of the two types of institutions in connee- 
i each other. At the time of the inception of 
ig Men's Hebrew Association, forty years ago, 
in the minds of the founders was to establish 
irhich was to include young men and young 
rhose interests lay in fields other than those of 
creation. The first Association was a social 
young men and women. The participating 
IS also the gathering body. The activities were 
a rather high grade literary society. The sub- 
bussed in essays or debates were to some extent 
but dealt also with topics of general interest, 
ssarily with religious topics. The membership 
ted. The meetings were held regularly, but no 
Kras made to exert either a neighborhood or com- 
nfluence. The object was to promote sociability 
ie members, and in brief, the club was merely 
ssion of the general tendency of young people 
ize themselves for their general improvement. 
lily an AEBOciation organized along such lines, 



476 COMMUNAL 

was bound to meet certain difficulties. As the mei 
grew older, their interests became scattered and ti 
traction of their Association club was no loug 

potent as it had been. The defection of the mei 
caused a reduction in the membership. It was di 
to secui-e additions. Those who remained faithful, 
unwilling: to admit into the group new members 
siderably younger than they were. To secure addi' 
members from among those of their age, was alma 
possible. Therefore the Association passed througl 
cessive periods of deterioration and rejuvenation, 
times the affairs of the Association were in such s 
farious condition, that the entire organization wa 
banded for a more or less extended period. It was 
about twenty yoai's ago that it was felt that a 1 
Jlen's Hebrew A.ssoeialiori might have as its fiiT 




BBGBBATIONAL AND CULTURAL AGENCIES 477 

taet that, when Mr. Schiff made his gift, he set as one of 
the ocmditiong that the annual expenditure of the As- 
aoeiation, must^be no less than five thousand dollars, 
ind that at the present time, the budget of the 92nd 
Street Yoiing Men's Hebrew Association is almost sixty 
thousand dollars. The small figure set twenty years ago 
was an indication, not of the needs of the institution, 
but rather of the belief, on the part of those most inter- 
ested, in the extent of support that could be expected 
from the general public. 

The Association of today is quite different from the 
social club of forty years ago. Today there is a com- 
petent Board of Directors interested in this particular 
phase of Jewish work and planning the activities of 
their society, so as best to meet the needs as they see them. 
There is a large body of members of the Association 
whose interest is manifested only by their annual sub- 
seriptions for the support of the work. Finally, there 
is flie participating membership itself, which consists 
of three groups: the seniors, the associates and the 
juniors. The grades are based upon the differences in 
•ge. 

Today an Association cannot carry on its activities on 
the basis of the payments made by the members for tlio 
benefits which they enjoy. For example, in the 92nd 
Street Young Men's Hebrew Association, only ten thou- 
sand dollars are contributed by the members toward the 
grogs budget of the Association, although there are 
%300 members. 

In the last five years there has been a growth in the 
mimber of Associations established in Qreater New 



COMMDNAL BEQISTEK ' 

■k. This has been due to two causes, lu the fiprf 
:e, there has been an ever stronger desire on Ibe 
t of young men and young women to organize them- 
es into associations, and in the second place, the 
^uncil of Young Men's Hebrew and Kindred Associa- 
:, through its metropolitan league, has furthered the 
[nation of these institutions. 

! first great difficulty that lies in the way of M 
■tension of this kind of work, is the apathy on the part 
"I the general public towards preventive institntioDi- 
Be most popular forms of philanthropic work are tn- 
lionally the hospital, the relief society and the orphu 
It is only within comparatively recent years that 
I the field of communal work it has ccmu* to be fell 
Kkt preventive work is more effective, more eeonomical 
1 more valuable than is remedial work. The general 
:! must be educated to the value 



All jWD ouiicmuL Aonsosm 479 



in beeoBunsrfny aiudoat to ally themselyeB with tjrpat 
]f (wminrtnd work, which will enable them to rmder 
WTue to the eonunniiity. The weakening of the religi' 
01 qiirit of oqr yonng peopki is due not so mueh to 
or American environment, or the desire to become 
Bparated from the Jewish faith, as it is to the fact 
bit the commonity does not offer ayennes of expression 
vjmsDg people, thzongh which th^ may give more or 
m adequate. lUtteranee to the desire to serve, and the 
mat to become, throui^ action, more closed afSliated 
ifii the vital aspects of their reUgion. If such avennes 
I ezpressum are not provided, there must come an in- 
stable falling away from Judaism. The Jewish con- 
wrasness will be deprived of its proper mode of ex- 
reasion and mnst necessarily become weakened. 
The function of the Association as a preventive insti- 
ation is not restricted solely to the affording of an op- 
ortimity of expression of the spirit of service, and of 
ke Jewish consciousness ; the Affiociation has shown it- 
df to be of great value in meeting the problem of 
dinquency. Those who have been interested in the 
beetion. of our Associations^ have voiced with pride, 
ke fact that few, if *any, of the members of the Associa- 
ioDs have ever found their way into courts under 
httges. This, of course, may be due to the fact that 
16 Association does not attract the wayward boy or girl, 
Bd therefore the percentage of delinquency in this case 
not indicative of the real situation. On the other hand, 
must be remembered that the Association does not 
nit its membership on the basis of character recom- 
endations, and that therefore, it is impossible to esti- 



COUUimAL RBOISTBR 

tte how many of those who become members of tt* 
sociations, might have lapsed, had the influence of 
3 institution not been exerted upon them, 

i eommuiiity must be educated to the point, there- 
Ire, of realiziug how important preventive work is, and 
V necessary it is for an institution to have suoh varied 
ivities as will permit fullest expression on the part 
I its members. An Association which is enabled to do , 
s type of work, must be properly housed. It is a mi*- 1 
: to build a large Association building. Great num- ' 
|rs cannot be treated in the intimate way, that thej 
eil of the problem demands. The Young Womeii'i ■ 
I'brew Assoeiation and the Young Men's Hebrew As- ■ 
ion of Manhattan, represent probably the maii- 
size of institution that should be directed by one 
). The Association must exert an influence, nol 



nm^noNAL amd cuimjSAL aqbncub 481 

1 order that in a large city there shall not be duplica- 

of effort or the creation of useless institutions^ a 

ral goyeming body must be created with authority 

oforce its requests. This body should be charged 

the duty ot viewing the entire community as a 

and of determining where the greatest needs lie. 

instance^ at the present time, there are four sections 

le city that are urgently in need of the Association 

:. They are the Bronx, Harlem, the West Side and 

iamsburg. The order in which these communities 

Id be served, must be determined, not by the im- 

inities of any one group, but rather by the delibera- 

of a central body which will evaluate all needs and 

'e at a fair and impartial decision. 

the immediate future it is difficult to note any full 

zation on the part of the community of the import- 

of the Ajssociation. As a war measure the creation 

Toung Men's Hebrew Association might be re- 

k1 as an emergency which the times have created. 

ral war nations have found themselves confronted 

the problem of increased delinquency. If this 

itry is to be spared a similar problem, the Associa- 

must be developed. 

> outline a detailed program as to what should be 
ines along which the development should take place, 
!d be to set at naught the fundamental principle 
1 Association. It is important that the Association 
be expressive, not of the theories of those who are 
ested in it, but rather of the community in which 
located. The proper Association can be organized 
when a community survey has been made, and the 



482 COUHUNAb 

needs of the commanity have been charted. In . 
tions, it will be found that the Association must < 
ample facilities for recreation, a gymnasium, swi 
pool, ete. It will be found that if the Associatio 
win the confidence of the neighborhood, provisioJ 
be made for religious services. The Friday uight 
or forum has become increasingly popular in all A 
tions. In a number of our buildings, groups of 
men and young women flock to the buildings on '. 
evening, and after participating in a brief servi 
listening to a short sermon, discuss with the speak 
subject matter of the address. The Association, wl 
it is located, will moreover, in all probability, i 
facilities for educational work and several clubs, 
be found that the organization must include som 
of afternoon work for school boys, Roligious i 




SCREATKi^NAIi AND CULTURAL AGENCOES 



488 



UNG HEN'S HEBREW ASSOCIATIOXS 



I Hebrew AMm*m of 

. 1261-126S Frank- 
fltablished and In- 
I 1909. Budset for 
00. Membership: 
'es., M. Maid win 
!89 Stebbins Ave. 
Is Weinstein, 1916 

Sup't, Wallace A. 
er. PURPOSE: 
il, educational, re- 
1 physical develop- 
le boys and sirls, 
n and women of 
grh of the Bronx. 
BS: Literary, ath- 

social clubs for 

girls, from the 
;o 25. Jewish cul- 
literary work for 
T groups. General 
ivities; "house" 
)rk for older boys, 
gymnasium work, 
il course. Relig- 
:es on Friday eve- 

holidays. League 
ewlsh Youth of 

Big Brother ac- 
Center for phll- 

clvlc and social 
le Bronx. Natur- 
Bureau and an 
iss for foreigners, 
uarters for young 
1 girls who con- 
'. W. H. A.. 
MaldwlB, Pres. Y. 
f the Bronx (1261 
Ave.), since 1914. 
ar. Born 1887 in 
ved the following 
.8. (C. C. N. Y.); 
r. T. Law School) 



Lawyer: 120 B'way. 
1389 Stebbins Ave. 



Res.: 



YouiT Men's Hebrew Aaa'a of 
Brooklyn, 846 Ninth St., 
B'klyn. Incorporated 1907. 
Supported by Brooklyn Fed- 
eration of Jewish Charities. 
Pres,. Grover M. Moscowitz, 
862 Kenmore Place, B'klyn. 
Sec'y. Bernard J. Becker. 875 
Fulton St. Sup't., Adolph 
Noshkes. PURPOSE : 
"Intellectual and spiritual 
advancement and increased 
efficiency and physicfil 
growth of the young man 
offered in congenial sur- 
roundings, inducing com- 
panionship and healthy re- 
creation." ACTIVITIES: 
Gymnasium training given 
under competent instructors. 
Educational classes, orches- 
tra, mandolin club, chess 
and checker club. Dramatic 
Society. Literary Societies. 
Bible and Jewish History 
Classes. Employment Bu- 
reau. General Entertain- 
ments. Holiday service, Boy 
Scouts, Young Men's Con- 
KTes.s. 

Yoansr Men'n Hebreir Ass'n of 
BrownKvlIIe, 461 Rockaway 
Ave., B'klyn. Pres., Frank 
Wasserman, 563 Howard 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, William 
Cantor, 362 Sackman St.. 
B'klyn. Established 1911. 
Incorporated 1912. Member- 
ship 200. PURPOSE: *'To 
develop Jewish young men 



COMMUNAL 



llglouBly." ACTIVITIES: 1, 


ietlcs— Athletic KSD 


atudlen In Jewish HiBtory; 


L-vents under the d 


i. Social and Literary Work, 


of a 1 h 1 e 1 1 c tml 


3, SerTlceB on Jewish Holy 


i^reenireld. Social — O 


days; 4. Provision for needy 


al welfare work. Bo 


Jewish families durln); 




PasHover. 


Lectures In connecti 


WaiurriBBB. Frank. Pre?. Y. 


the work nt spedfle. 


M. H, A of Brownsville Mfil 


RoblauB, l»ac. Pre 


Rockiiway Ave., B'klynl; 


H. A. of Harlem (11 


elected 1917. Term 1 year. 


St.), Eince 1915. ' 


Born 1877 In Russia. Caine 


years. Born In t 


to U. S. ISST. Received High 


Came to U. S. 1913. * 


School and College educa- 


High School in S 


tion. Lawyer: 37 Liberty 


Salesman. Res.: gS« 


SL Res,: 663 Howard Av^ 


8t. 


B'klyn. 




■maii-ii YonaK F«Ik-' Hr- 


^ouBB MeB's Hebrew 






Ave. Pres.. BedJ^.rtilri Mi.i- 


L'11115 Amsterdam 




BBCBBATIONAL AKD CULTDKAL AGENCIES 



485 



b; educational and 
nal classes, orches- 
sical tralningr in 
and with Individuals. 
-A social room for 
id one for women, 
s , entertainments, 
ances and outings. 
K. center for war ser- 
iric club, rally me»it- 
uCCra^e club. Junior 
e, co-operation with 
and police depart- 
Athletic — Athletic 
billiards and pool 
baths. 

, S. Robert, Pres. Y. 
A- of WashinKtoii 
t (2005 Amsterdam 
since 1916. Term 1 
Born 1876 in Russiu. 
) U. S. 1892. Received 
ic and medical edu- 
Physician. Res.: 620 
h St. 

fii*s Hebrerr .\Mi*n «>f 
mbanc, 164 Clymcr 
lyn. Established 1909. 
rated 1910. Budgret 
r $2,000. Membership: 
'res., Hon. Jacob S. 

74 Chauncey Street. 
Sec'y, David Schae- 
8 Bedford Ave.. 
PURPOSE: "To de- 
a Jewish American 
usness, to elevate 
ral standard of Jew- 
ing men." ACTIVI- 
[ts religrlous activities 

the Spinoza Literary 

which is devoted to 
dy and discussion of 

Philosophy Culture, 
eals, and the Senior 

which devotes one 



eveningr a month to reliiri- 
ous discussions. Amongr the 
literary activities the or- 
granization conducts classes 
in Engrlish and Public 
Speaking:, Press Clubs and 
a magazine published by 
younger members called 
"Sholem Alelchem," issued 
bi - monthly. There are 
regular gymnasium classes 
under competent instructors 
in athletics. Personal 
touch with the members is 
secured through the Person- 
al Help and Advice Bureau, 
which gives confidential ad- 
vice and vocational guid- 
ance. 

West Side Vonn«r Men'n He- 
brew AAn*n, 462 8th Ave. 
Established 1913. Budget for 
1917. 12.000. Pres., Charles 
P. Kramer, 44 Pine St. Sec'y. 
Jesse Llblen. 352 W. 56th St. 
PURPOSE: "The mental, 
moral and physical Improve- 
ment of Jewish Young Men." 
ACTIVITIES: 1. Philosophy 
club, arranges and conducts 

• public forums. 2, Business 
men'.s club-talks and dis- 
cussions on business topics. 
3, Current Topic Club-talks 
and discussions on general 
topics. 4. Junior Clubs, 
work along religious lines. 
5. Fj iday Evening Services. 
H. Jyjterary and dramatic 
clubH. 7. AthletiiS. 

Kramer, Charlen P., Pres. 
West Side Y. M. H. A. (462 
8th Ave.), since 1914. Term 
1 year. Born 1890 in U. S. 
Graduated Law School. 
Lawyer: 44 Pine St. Res.: 
551 W 157th St 



■5 

t 

i 

■i '■ 



4, 
1 



leiaer, zvv i<tn sst., jd Kiyn. 
Estab. and incorpor. 1916. 
Budg-et $500. Membership 
350. PURPOSE: "To promote 
the social, moral and religrl- 
OU8 welfare of the Jewish 
youngr women of the Bor- 
oufiTli of Brooklyn, to pro- 
vide and maintain a home 
for our homeless Jewish 
youngr firlrls, to aid them to 
obtain positions, to form 
social and educational 
classes for their recreation 
and mental development; to 
protect Jewish young: grirls 
from vice and immoral- 
ity; to instill in them the 
principles and idealism of 
the Jewish religrion." AC- 
TIVITIBS: Classes in, 1, He- 
bi'ew, 2, Millinery and croch- 
eting:. 8, Advanced sewing 
and dressmaking. 4. Elocu* 
tion. 6, First Aid to the in- 
jured. 6, Swimming. 7. 
Bmbroiderlngr. 8, Piano in- 
struction. 9, Parliamentary 
law. 10, Civil Service. 11, 
Qymnastics and athletic 
dances. 

JsMtbM. Anna R.. Pres. T. W. 



ueiii 

Bkl; 

M e 1 

POS 

your 

vlll 

and 

TIEJ 

Circ 

Athl 



Gre^ni 

Lorl] 
Mrs. 

Y. \V. 
Hei 

Ave. 



Wei»t 
Heb] 

Pres 

Ave. 

ler, 

1914. 

PUR 

men 

deve 

your 

ACT 



RBCRBATIONAL AND CUIiTURAL AGENCIES 



487 



SBTTLBMBNTS 



Aoa Settlement, 286-'40 
ith St Pres., Dr. Maur- 
. Harris, 264 W. 103d 
ec*y, Edward S. Oreen- 
, 2 E. 94th St. Sup't, 
lie MoBkowlts, 286 E. 
St. Incorporated 1907. 
•ership 1,400. P U R - 
: "A community center 
»cial, cultural, rellirlous 
loral benefit." ACTIV- 
i: 1, Parents Clubs, 
ry, social, civic and 
tic. 2, Sewingr Circles, 
isic Classes in Piano, 
1, Orchestra and 
18. 4, Physical culture 
nrorkshop. 6. Dancingr, 
etlc and interpretive, 
t classes, cookingTt em- 
ery, pine-needle work 
basketry. 7. Game 
3. 8, Kindergrarten. 9. 
I. debating:, dramatic, 
g Judea, boys and grirls 
ts. 10, Religrious: (a) 
ay School, (b) Friday 
ingr and Saturday 
ing services for adults, 
laturday afternoon ser- 
for Juniors. 11, Neig:h- 
90d visitingr* 12, Dental 
Medical Clinic. 

to, Maurice H., Pres. 
ration Settlement (240 
05th St.), since 1908. 
I 1 year. Born 1859 in 
and. Came to U. S. 1878. 
ived B. A. and Ph. D. at 
nbia University. Rabbi: 
)]e Israel of Harlem. 
>x Ave. and 120th St.) 
2.S4 W. 103d St. 



Fellowsklp House. (See under 
Hebrew Sheltering Guardian 
Society.) 

Henry Melahard Meatorlal 
Nelarhborhood Hoose, 100 E. 

lOlst St. Est. 1914. Pres., 
Morton H. Meinhard, 216 4th 
Ave. Sec'y, Georgre L*. Cohen, 
100 East 101st St. Sup't, 
Georgre L. Cohen. PURPOSE: 
To take care of the social 
needs of the neig^hborhood. 
ACTIVITIES: 1, Clubs. 2, 
Lectures. 3, Kindergrarten. 
4, Employment Bureau. 5, 
Open Forum.* 6, Classes. 7, 
Athletics. 8, Shower Baths. 
9. Legral Aid. 

Meinhard, Morton Henry, 

Pres. Henry Meinhard Mem. 
Neigrhborhood House (100 E. 
101st St.). since 1914. Bo'rn 
1872 in U. S. Received a 
liberal education. Woolens: 
215 4th Ave. Res.: 624 6th 
Ave. 

New Era Club, 274 E. B'way. 
Pres., Louis S. Posner, 16 
Broad St. Sec'y, Joseph 
Gluck, 56 Ave. C. Incorpor- 
ated 1901. Membership 200. 
B u d gr e t for 1917, $3,000. 
Sup't, M. Kopp. ACTIVI- 
TIES: 1. Hebrew Classes. 2, 
Literary CJlasses and Lec- 
tures. 3, Library and Read- 
ing Room. 4, Game Room. 
5, Vacation Camp. 
Ponner, Louin S., Pres. New 
Era Club (274 E. B'way), 
since 1900. Tf^rm 1 year. 



'■-t\ 



meats, 186-188 Chrystie St. 
Established 1898. P r e s . . 
Mrs. Cyrus L. Sulzberger. 
516 West End Ave. Sec'y. 
Mrs. Harry OultiKberg. 11 r» 
W. 86th St. Budget. 1917. 
|18»00a. Sup*t Miss Rae Perl- 
man. PURPOSE: To provide 
healthful and proper recrea- 
tion for the young people of 
the neighborhood. ACTIVI- 
TIBS: 1, O y m n a 8 1 u m 
daaiea. 2, Ciubs of Instruc- 
tive and Recreational Char- 
acter for afternoons and 
eirvnlngs. 8, Open air play- 
ffronnd. 4, Trained nurse 
■•nrlce. 6, Visiting of hornen 
knd relief for poor. 6, Sup- 
errlaed dances and enter- 
talnmenta 7, Maintains for 
7 working girls, mothers and 

.: . , * children during the vacation 

r'- ''The Ida R. Strauss Va- 

cation Home." 8. Scholar- 
( ship awarded to deserving 

pupils at various technical 

and High Schools. 9, Co- 

] operates with Surprise Lake 

Camp In giving outings for 
boys, day excursions, etc. 



RECREATIONAL AND CULTURAL AGENCIES 489 

OUNO MISN*8 HEBREW ASSOCIATION, 148 E. 92nd 
(Established 1874.) 

16 pioneer organization of its kind, the T. M. H. A. of 
liattan has been from the time of its organization, an 
riment station, so to speak, for Y. M. H. A. work in this 
try. In sise of its membership and in equipment, the 
tation is still the leading organization of its type. 
te in the earlier stages of its history the purely recrea- 
il and cultural phases of T. M. H. A. work were em- 
ized, later years have seen a gradual shifting of inter- 
tK>th on the part of the administrators, and on the part 
tie membership, towards social activities in a more 
iflcally Jewish setting, and of more definite Jewish 
Ication. The aim of the organization is "to develop 
ag young Jewish men, the Jewish consciousness as a 
IS to the highest type of spiritual life." To this end, 
f side of the character of the Jewish boy and young 
is appealed to. The natural interest in physical exer- 
is fostered by offering opportunities for wholesome 
tics in a completely equipped gymnasium and swim- 
pool, and by conducting during the summer "Surprise 
Lake," at Cold Spring, New York, one of the largest 
lost favorably situated vacation camps in this country, 
ocial activities conducted in the building include: 
and young men's clubs, emphasizing Jewish literary 
entertainments and holiday celebrations; lectures and 
on Jewish, civic, and vocational topics; group work 
tc, a choral society, an orchestra, an opera company, 
s, recitals. During the summer months games and 
Inments are conducted on the roof garden. 

ster an intelligent knowledge of Jewish life of the 

d of the present, classes in Jewish history, the study 

Ible and Hebrew are organized; holiday and Sabbath 

particularly for the younger people, are also a 

»f the religious work of the Institution. 

: the numerous other activities may be mentioned 
yment and vocational bureau, a carefully selected 
library of almost 14,000 volumes, evening educa- 
sses in which academic and commercial subjects 
it to students preparing for the state regents' 
)ns. 

anization is a member of the Federation for the 
Jewish Philanthropic Societies of New York City, 
for 1917 was $60,696.12, of which the Federa- 
led $32,300.03. The budget for 1917 of the 



. Mm ^ A 1 OD 

Vice-President, Louis I. Habi 
Vice-President, William Pra> 
19 W. 94th St.; Secretary, E 
Executive Director, Rabbi A 

Irving Lehman was born 
tended Columbia University i 
of Arts in 1896; Master of 
Laws in 1898. From 1898 tc 
now serving as Justice of the 
New York, his term ending i 

Judge Lehman takes an s 
munal life. He is a member 
mittee. His main interest, he 
a trustee of the Jewish Thee 
he is the Chairman of the Be 
for Jewish Communal Work; 
Men's Hebrew Association o 
Avenue, and is a trustee of tli 



RBCRBATIOKAL and cultural AQENCI£8 50H 

)UNG WOMBBTS HIBBRBW ASSOCIATION, 81 W. 

1 St (BfltabUshed 1902, Incorporated 1908.) 

e T. W. H. A. of New York City, establlBhed in 1908, is 
ips the only large institution of its kind in America, 
a comparatively small. Inadequate building, to a com- 
y equipped eight-story modem social center, the Toung 
en's Hebrew Association has grown In its activities, 
today it offers not only recreational and educational 
tunitles to those Jewish girls and young women who 
ith their parents or relatives, but it also houses Jewish 
who are orphans or strangers in New York City, and 
young women dependent upon their own exertions for 
living. 
) building is located on an attractive thoroughfare, 

aces Central Park. Besides being a most comfortable 
for one hundred and seventy girls, the building is 
I true center for the communal interests of the neigh- 
od; it houses a Commercial School, a Hebrew School, 
Experimental Girls' School of the Bureau of Jewish 
Ltion), Trade Classes in Dressmaking, Millinery, 
Stic Science, classes In Hebrew, Bible Study, Jewish 
ry. Art, English to Foreigners, Advanced English, 
:h, Spanish, and Nursing. There Is a completely 
ped modern gymnasium and swimming pool. The 
oyment Bureau for the use of the members of the 
Ing, not only directs girls in suitable vocations but 
toward their advancement by providing extension 

llgious services are held In the Synagogue on Friday 
Dgs, Saturday mornings, and holidays for the girls 
; in the building, and for the people of the neighbor- 
Sunday evening concerts by talented artists have 
d to form the nucleus of a "musical salon" for the 
borhood. Weekly dances for the young people are 
much appreciated, especially those during the Summer, 
e beautiful Roof Garden. 

energy is spared in cooperating with tlie various agen- 
or war activities and war relief; the institution Is an 
lary of the American Red Cross, and hundreds of its 
>ers are constantly giving personal service In the work 
3. Soldiers and sailors are welcomed to all social and 
tional functions, and special arrangements are made 
g holidays for entertaining those who are away from 
homes. 



( 



the immigrants. 

The Institution is a member of th( 
Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societi 
lU budget for 1917 was 169,754.08, 
was provided by the Federation. 

The officers are: — President, Mrs. ! 
W. 86th St.; Secretary, Mrs. Samu^ 
Ave.; Superintendent, Mrs. Ray F. Sch' 

Mrs. Israel Unterberg was born in Nc 
and received her education in the' pi 
York City. Mrs. Unterberg is very ac 
She is the founder and president of 
Hebrew Association, chairman of The A 
National Council of the Y. M. H. and K 
member of the Board of Directors of tl 
Support of Jewish Philanthropic Socle 
Metropolitan League of Young Wom( 
tions, Treasurer of the Ladies' Fuel ai 
member of the Women's Committee 
National Defense. 




BUIL.DINO OP Y. 
SI Weat llOtb 



^ 



; r 




i 





Wm 






BT; 


f3 


^St'"'^^ 


ii^^l 


^^K-^iBi 


i^^^lH 



UCRKATIONAL AND CULTURAL AGENCIB8 529 

VGAHONAL AliUANOB, East Broadway and Jeffer- 
3t (Incorporated 1869, reorganized 1893.) Toung 
e'8 Branch, 36 Stuyvesant St. 

tb the great Influx of Jewish immigration to America 
the enactment of the May Laws in Russia, 1882, the 
m of adapting the immigrant population to American 
of thought and action, became one of the most urgent 
ms confronting the Jewish community in New York 
Institutions were needed, which, on the one hand,, 
consenre the best values in the traditional culture of 
imigrant, and on the other, would interpret for him 
lals of America. Among the first and largest of such 
tions to be organized was the Educational Alliance, 
its establishment the institution has grown in its 
les, nntil today there is hardly any phase of the life 
Jewish immigrant in the neighborhood of the insti- 
which the Alliance does not attempt to influence. 
llowing list indicates the wide range of the actiyities 
I on by the institution: 

rCATIONAL: Lectures in English and Yiddish on 
i&n history and civics; naturalization classes; Civil 
> classes; reading-room; domestic art school; domes- 
mce school; manual training; day classes for adult 
rants; physical culture school; telegraphy class; 
Winners' College (307 Henry St.). 

lAL: Auditorium entertainments (concerts, lectures, 
tic performances, moving pictures, etc.); boys and 
lubs; social rooms for boys, girls, men and women; 
irden; boys' summer camp; girls' summer home; 
r meetings; summer outings; inter-settlement actlvi- 
idoor play-ground; free baths, etc. 

JOIOUS: People's Synagogue; Special Services on 
>ays; School of Religious Work; Sabbath morning 
'temoon services; lectures on moral topics; Young 
'a Synagogue; classes in ethics, etc. 

LAIi SERVIOB: Desertion Bureau; Legal Aid Bureau; 
Ation Bureau; Penny Provident Fund. 
Educational Alliance is a member of the Federation 
I Support of Jewish Philanthropic Societies of New 
Mty. Its budget for 1917 was $106,299.78, of which 
deration provided $66,236.78. The budget for 1917 
Surprise Lake Camp, a summer camp conducted 
with the Young Men's Hebrew Association, was 

o.as. 



COMHtJNAL 

"he ofilcerB are: — President, Samad Greenbaiun, 2 I 
|h St.; Flret Vice-President, Lee Kohns. 42 Warren S' 
Vlce-Preeident, Beiijomln Tnska, 20 Nau&u T 
rer, William Salomon, 25 Broad St.; ~ 
■-nurd M. Ii. Emst, 31 Liberty St.; EsecutWd DIr 
\ Kathaii Peyser; Admialatrator, Dr. Henry Flel 

temnel Orecnbaum waa born In London In 18B4. ___ 

ftugbt to America as a child of three, and rec«lnd'| 
Micatlon Id the public Bchools ol New York C^tJ 1 
jlege of tlie City of New York from which be grtdttf 
■lfi72, with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. ". _"._' 
J at the Columbia Law School from which he snidM 
■l87B with the degree of Bachelor of Low. " 
Iteacher in the New York Piihllc Schoole imill IM 
Hereupon he took to the practice of law, wbfck i 
Vtlnued until 1902. He was elected In 1901 Jtulb 
J Supreme Court of the State of New York for s t«ni 
|lred In l!i!5, and was re-elected upon the nOTB 
; political parties for a term of fourteen 
|lge Greenbaiim is known for his legal erudition. 

mber of the Bar Aaaoclatlon of America, of the B 

(New York and of the City of New York. He Is a 

Qber of the Society of Medical Jurisprudence, ol 

1 Service Retoiiii Aasocialion, of the Free Trade t 

|l of the Manhatlan and City Clul 




CATIONAI, AUJANCB FARMERS IN SBWARD PARK 



% 



W^- ■ : i 


M 


i 


Bej^^^b^ " 


J 


^K ^'^^^ 


^1 


^^^^^ 



RECRBATIONAL AND CULTURAL AGENCIES 547 

IRBW SDUCATIONAIi SOGIBTT, Hopkinioa and 
ATM., Brooklyn. 

Hebrew Bducational Society U the only distlnctiyely 
social centre in the district of BrownsYllle. The 
t contains a Jewish population estimated at oyer 
0. The Society entered its new building at Hopkinson 
tter Ayennes in Jane» 1914. The building is equipped 
Q auditorinm haying a capacity of flye hundred per- 
ind is used for lectures, concerts, entertainments, 
and meetings: a large social room used in the after- 
Bs a study and game room for boys and girls and in 
)ning for games, entertainments, dances and meetings 
ilts; a gymnasium with shower and locker accommo- 
liflthat is used for classes composed of young men, 
women, boys and girls; a roof garden that largely 
;he place of the social room in the summer time, and 
I for entertainments and dances in the evenings and 
reation for boys and girls In the day time. There are 
i number of rooms used for classes, club and society 
gs, and for instruction in Jewish history, Hebrew, 
and domestic art; also a farm garden. 

organization has a membership of 800. Its budget 
17 was 112,611.98. The attendance during the year 
vas 205,297; during 1917, 232,092. 

officers are: — President, .4»ron Willians I^vy, 60 
It.; Secretary, Bemhard Bloch, 50 Court St.. B'klyn.; 
rer, Jacob Michael, 500 13th Ave., B'klyn.; Superin- 
t, Dr. Charles S. Bemhelmer. 

>n WilUam Levy was born in England in 1878. When 
3f 8 he came to New York City, where he received his 
ion in the Public and High Schools of New York City. 
ended the College of the City of New York and the 
bia Law School from which he graduated with the 
of Bachelor of Laws. He was admitted to the Bar 
at present a practicing attorney. Mr. Levy is very 
interested in Jewish social work. He was for many 
connected with the Hebrew Educational Society of 
13m of which he was at various times director, treas> 
nd vice-president He is at present the president of 
Bbrew Educational Society of Brooklyn, also of the 
club of Temple Israel of Brooklyn. 



• -• 



IBCUATIONAJU AND GUUTUBAL A0BNCIS8 



661 



BSSIONAIi WORKERS IN T. M. H. AND 
KINDRED ASSOCIATIONS 



ItTBaat 
Home and School 
Bducatlonal Alll- 



t, Rmttkm^ 114f BUMtom 
Parkway. ' Director social 
work. Hebrew SSducatlonal 
Societr. 



^ 6SS W. 141at St. 
Class. Federation 
It. 



Brod7» Rokert B^ 197 K B'way. 
Director Boys' Cliib, Edu- 
cational Alliance. 



\K 2S0 W. 119th St 
ninlstrator, Touns 
Hebrew Ass'n. 

nitaM, SI W. 116th 
der Girls' Clubs, 
tal Alliance. 



,, 6S0 B. 6th 
nsr and Dressmak- 
c h e r. Bduoatlonal 



. B^ 14S W. 111th 
:utlye Director. 
Tewlsh Institute. 

% C^luirles 9.. 1476 
: St.. B'klsm. Su- 
lent. Hebrew Edu- 
Society. Hopklnson 
jr Ares.. B'klyn. 

Aides CX, 1S7 W. 

Stenography and 

ng teacher, Younff 

Hebrew Assocla- 



Bvchamaa. JvUa, 610 W. 161nd 
St. Music teacher, Bronx 
House, 16S7 Washlnipton 
Are. 

Bvckwala, Rose, 161S St. 
Marks Ave.. B'klyn. Assist- 
ant, Federation Settlement. 

Baakcr, Blalc, 1056 Lexinipton 
Ave. Music Teacher. Bronx 
House. 1637 Washlnipton 
Ave. 

Bnratela, A^ 531 W. 193d St. 
Club Leader. Tounsr Men's 
Hebrew Association. 

Campbell, BIm, 303 W. 74th St. 
Music Teacher. Bronx 
House. 1637 Washinipton 
Ave, 



tmm, Clande, Ridffefleld 
Park. N. J. Music Teacher. 
Bronx House. 1637 Washing- 
ton Ave. 



94*4 W. 86th 
tc teacher, Bronx 
(97 WaahlniTton 



C o^V 1 a , Mjer. 500 Bastern 
Parkway. B'klyn. Director 
Department of Entertain- 
ment, Educational AUlancc. 



_. « «.«i%A j^i essmaKinff ii 

Teacher, Educational Alll- T 

ance. a 



Coheiit Ir>-lnv Ii., 1848 Anthony 
Ave. Teacher Educational 
Classes, Young Men's He- 
brew Association. 

Cohen, Mortimer, 531 W. 123d 
St. Religrious Director, Y. 
W. H. A. 

Cdlui, M., 1312 Franklin Ave. 
Cookingr Class. Federation 
Settlement. 

CoHtB, PHlUp, Boys' Physical 
Training: Director, Recrea- 
tion Rooms and Settlement. 

Cottlv, Jack, 125 E. 83d St. 
Assistant, Central Jewish 
Institute. 



Fell 

Si 

Flel 

10 
T< 
m' 

Fleli 

B' 

ca 

Free 

Av 

in@ 
All 

Fried 

Soc 

Sis 



DaBlah, David, 240 W. 15th St. 
Teacher Educational Classes, 
Young Men's Hebrew Asso- 
ciation. 

Davis, Rntk, 152 W. 118th St. 
Accompanist, Young- Wom- 
en's Hebrew Association. 



Fried 

Bro 
Hel 

Fruit 

dri3 
Leg 
Edi 



ri«»n*««>l* «n«*-»« 



■aBB4XI0irAI#*AllD OUJUTUBAL AOBNCJBS 



558 



L, tit B. ttnd St. 
»r of Boya' Work* 
Slatorhood. 



Tounv Men's Hebrew Ayo- 
oiation. 



465 Baet^ 
SewlniT Teacher, '' 
>men's Hebrew Ae- 



lel, S61 W. lltth 
Leader, T o u n g 
brew Aesodatlon. . 

18 B. ItOth St 
ewlsh Inetltutlon. 



Of I lea Maf 23 E2. 
Director of Club 
BSducatlonal Alli- 



Sl W. 

llOth St. Dormitory Secre- 
tary* Younir Women's He- 
brew Aeeoclatlon. 

Hevry. Hazwell, t40 B. lOlth 
St. Federation Settlement. 

HerllBV* DaTl«, Stl B. 146tlit 
St Aesietant Mirr. Bmploy- 
ment Bureau, Toung lien's 
Hebrew Association. . 

Hess* lieostard U, 197 Bast 
Broadway. Custodian Adult 
Society Room, Educational 
Alliance. 



I J., 58 W. 90th St. 
Teacher, Young: 
Hebrew Ass'n. 



R^ 197 B. 
eader Qlrls' Clubs. 
al Alliance. 

», SamveU 197 B. 
Mtislc Instructor, 
al Alliance. 

btiU 197 B. B'way. 
hitdeor Athletics, 
al AlUanoe. 

ry, 197 B. B'way. 
ry Teacher, Bdu- 
AlUance. 

Blel, 197 W. 117th 
itor Boys' Werk» 



HlrsehmaM, Bdna, 566 W. 

159th St. Teacher, Emanuel 
Brotherhood. 

Horwltt, Panlliie, 65^ Dawson 
St French Teacher. Young: 
Women's Hebrew Associa- 
tion. 

Katsensteln, Leon E^ 149 E. 

92nd St. Supt., Younff Men's 
Hebrew Assn. 

Kara, Michael, 867 Beck St 
Teacher Educational Classes, 
Youngr Men's Hebrew Ass'n. 

Kan, Philip, 857 Beck St 
Teacher Educational Classes, 
Young* Men's Hebrew AsCn. 

LoMrowlts, Bva, 729 E. 168th 
St Muslo Teacher. Bronx 
House. 



Lemcr. Kattaenae, ai w. iavi.** 
St. Household Manager. 
Young: Women's Hebrew As- 
sociation. 

Levy, Fabbt. 100 W. 12l8t St. 
Music Teacher, Bronx 
House. 

Levy, HcMiT. 409 W. 129th St. 
Teacher Educational Classes, 
Youngr Men's Hebrew Asso- 
ciation. 

Lewis, Mm. KaKCMlc. 520 W. 

18'4th St. Visitinsr Nurse, 
Henry St. Settlement. 

Loewy, Ada, 79 W. 110th St. 
Supervisor of Clubs, Hannah 
Lavanburgr Home. 

Mendel, Bcnjaada, 197 Bast 
Broadway. Leader Boys' 
Clubs, Educ. Alliance. 

Mbbb, Gcorvct 197 E. B'way. 
Leader Boys' Clubs. Educ. 
Alliance. 

Markowlta, PavllMc, 240 E. 

105th St. Head Worker. 
Federation Settlement. 

Marks, Im, 197 E. Broadway. 
Leader Boys' Club. Educ 
Alliance. 

Mameheu, Mra. Alex Yoanir, 



Boys' P h : 
Recreation 
tlement. 

Mejrr, Ida, 

Leader Qi 
Alliance. 

Moses, Mrs. I 

St. TeacI 
Brotherho< 



Broadway, 
cal Clubs. 

BTadel, Jack 

Ave. Bd 
tAry, You 
Associatio 



IVakeaiOw. I 
Attorney, 

Bfosekkes, A 

Head Wc 
ance. 

W— efckes, 1 
der, 155 
Girls' Civ 

IfvtkiB, Loi 

Ave., B'k 
Younff M 

PerlaiaB, R 

Head W( 



BKUATIONAL AND CULTUBAL AGBNCIBB 



5S5 



A. G., 1S7 W. 110th 
ft> SzecutlTe Director, 
Tonng Men'a Hebrew Abb'ii. 



tl» B. 17tli St. 
AiilBtant Superintendent 
Bumah LaTanburgr Home. 



^•■•B, AlcxuUer* 197 B. 

B^w&y. Director, Depart- 
ntnt of Adult Immlvranta, 
Bdoeatlonal Alliance. 

>M(Bkev8, JvUii* Sit IL 17th 
St Superintendent, Hannah 
UTanburiT Home. 

^•KSkerir, WLmtK 186 Chryetle 
St Asalstant Worker, 
Recreation Rooms and Set- 

Uea^Bt 

^•■CAtkal, Mortea U 287 
^ftcomb ATe. Teach e.r, 
Toaai^ Men's Hebrew Asso- 
dtUon. 

^•■(athal, Mnu lU 187 E. 

B'way. Leader OlrU' Clubs. 
Kdneatlonal Alliance. 



Yetta, 808 B. 6th 
8t Assistant Sewlnip Teach- 
er, Recreation Rooms and 
Settlement 

Sitk Tebtaa» SO St Marks Pi. 

Superintendent Emanuel 
Sretherhood. 

ttbd, SlsM«i«, 197 B. Broad- 
way. Choir Master, Edu- 
cational Alliance. 



structor. Recreational 
Rooms and Settlement. 

Bchoeatev, George W^ 169 E. 

89th St Physical Director. 
Tounff Men's Hebrew Ass'n. 

Sckaplro, Barvet, 197 B. 
Broadway. Physical Train- 
ing Instructor, Men, Educa- 
tional Alliance. 

Sckvstcr. Matilda, 197 E. 

Broadway. Teacher, Educa- 
tional Alliance. 



r, MartiM M^ 197 E. 
Broadway. Director of En- 
tertainment D e p a r t m ent, 
Educational Alliance. 



Mm. JoeepldBe, 880 

Wadsworth Ato. Sewing In- 



Mckwarts, Max, 691 E. 141st 
St. Scout Master, Educa- 
tional Alliance. 

Sekwarts, Mra. Ray F^ 81 W. 

110th St. Superintendent 
TouniT Women's Hebrew 
Association. 

Sllbert, Olia. 120 W. 114th St. 
Custodian, Educational Alli- 
ance. 

Strelits, Anna, 216 E. 87th St. 
Supervisor Children's Ser- 
vices, Educational Alliance. 

StrenMind. Ira. Director of 
PhysicHl Traininf?. 619 E. 5th 
St. Central Jt^wish Institute. 

S t o w e 1 1 , Udirar, Brlarclift 
Manor, N. Y. Music Teacher. 
Bronx House. 



comb Ave. Bookkeepingr 
Teacher, T o u n s Women's 
Hebrew Association. 

Sefcerman, Rebecca, 197 E. 
Broadway, Assistant Sew- 
inff Teacher, Educational 
Alliance. 

Shack, Edna 8^ 197 E. Broad- 
way. Director Women's 
Work, Educational Alliance. 

Shapiro. William. 174 Essex St. 
Teacher, Youner Men's He- 
brew Association. 

Sheerer, Rebecca, 197 E. 
Broadway. Cooking Teach- 
er. Educational Alliance. 

Shepard, O. Carlton. 303 W. 

102d St. Teacher, Yount; 
Men's Hebrew Association. 

Simon, LUlie. 404 E. 85th St. 
Sewing: Class* Federation 
Settlement. 

Smerllnir. Frank, 699 W. 190th 
St. Teacher, Tounff Men's 
Hebrew Association. 

Sinoi«>n. Uituv n.. 71 W. TK^tli 



mOmiATiOWAli AND OUI/rOBAL AQENCIE8 



657 



Um OF SOCIAIi AND UTEBARY SOCIBTIE8 



AMrion IsifTmrj Social 

CliK lot B. 111th 8t Org. 
UK Membehflhlp 60. Pres., 
WUUam Debln, fO B. 106th 
St Sec^y, Isidore Zweroff. 
IS B. 110th St. 

Ml% WlUluii, PreB. Am. 
Utaniry Social Club (108 
>• U2th St.); elected 1917. 
Term S months. Born 1822 
^ Russia. Came to U. S. 
Ult. Received general 
Jewish education. Slgrn 
Pointer. Res.: CO B. 106th 
8t 

Afcker avb, 41 West 124th 
8t Org. 1912. Membership 
'(• Pres., Charles Brodie, 
75 W. 94th St Sec'y, Henry 
Scheak. 228 W. 14l8t St. 
'vNle, Ckarles, Prea Archer 
Qub (41 W. 124 th St.); 
•lected 1917. Term 1 year. 
Born 1898 In U. S. Received 
^Uegre Eldncation. Adver- 
tUlng: 6 B. 39th St. Res.: 
75 W. 94th St. 

^Hrm 8«ctel Clvb, lac^ 867 

So. 2nd St., B'klyn. Org. 
ItlO. Membership 60. Pres., 
Samuel Leibowits, 127 2nd 
^▼e. Sec'y, Murray 
Schwarts, 81 Tomplcins 
Are, B*klyn. 

I^tbewlts, Saaivel, Pres. 
Anbom Social Club (867 So. 
^ 8t, B'klyn), since 1916. 
Ttrni 6 montha Born 1894 
^ Austria. Came to U. 8. 
^IS. Received Higrh School 
^QcttiOB. Salesman Res. : 
^^f tnd Ave. 



Beaver Clvb, lac^ 81 W. 118th 
St. OriT. 1912. Membership 
60. Pres., Irving T. Fein- 
stein, 237 B. 112th St. Seo'y. 
Jacob Kulakowsky, 69 B. 
100th St. 

Felastela, Irwimg; T^ Pres. 
Beaver (Hub Inc. (81 W. 118t 
St.); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1896 In U. S. 
Received Hiffh School edu- 
cation Bank (Herk. Res.: 
237 B 112th St. 

Coaey Island Hebrew Abs^b, 

Sea Side Walk, Coney Isl- 
and. Org:. 1909. Member- 
bership 136. Pres., A. Sid- 
ney Gabltzka, 44th St., Sea 
Gate. C. I. Sec'y, Henry 
Marks. 

Bast Side Neighborhood Club, 

137 Henry St. Org. 1916. 
Membership 125. Pres., Dr. 
Max Baegrel, 24 Montgomery 
St. Sec'y. Herman Janowitz, 
129 B. B'way. N. Y. C. 
Baegel, Dr. Max, Pres. Bast 
Side Nelgrhborhood Club 
(137 Henry St.); elected 
1917. Term 1 year. Born 
1886 In Russia. Received Col- 
lege education. Physician. 
Res.: 24 Montgomery St 

Bdward Clark Clnb. 73 Can- 
non St. Org. 1909. Mem- 
bership 100. Pres., Chas. 
H. Warner, 283 Rivlngton 
St. Sec'y, A. Gershoff, 97 
Avenue B. 

Warner, Charles Heary, 
Pres. Bdward Clark (Tlub 
(78 Cannon St.). since 1909 



Henry St. Org. 1915. Mem- 
bership 57. Pres., Abrahana 
Goldstein. 663 Howard Ave. 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Louis Bern- 
stein, 50 Pike St. 

Ivorj Social Club, 96 Clinton 
St Org, 1914. Membership 
80. Pres., Hyman Stern, 60 
B. 102nd St. Sec'y. Abe 
Newmark, 32 Lewis St. 
Stent* Mjmukm, Pres. Ivory 
Social Club (96 Clinton St); 
elected 1917. Term 3 
months. Born 1898 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1906. Re- 
ceived Public School edu- 
cation. Res.: 60 B. 102nd 
St. 

KaH Marx Pnbllehiav Sodetj. 

175 B. B'way. Pres., L^ B. 
Boudin; Sec'y, Sol. Goodman. 
Purpose: To acquaint Jew- 
ish readers with writings, 
philosophy and activities of 
the founder of scientiflc 
Socialism. 

Ke^stoae Clnh, 41 W. 124th 
St. OriT. 1908. Membership 
25. Pres.. Mr. Joseph M. 
Mero, 48 E. 104th St Sec'y. 
Abe M F!tiHRmnn. 2S1 K 24th 



MXVQ 

cati 
Res 

Krop4 

Pre 

E. : 

qua 
wri 

op: 

e c < 

trai 

"Ca 
It p 

Pac 
otki 

Liters 

Tha 

191E 

Har 

Ave 

Buc 

B'kl 

Sliv 

Dra 

Ave 

Ten 

in ; 

1912 

and 

Clot 

Bkl 

son 



RATIONAL AMD CUX/TDRAL AGENCIES 



559 



rMM9k. Pr«s. 
>f Harl«m Inc. 
St.). slno« 191S. 
.ths. Bom In 
i« to U. & 1901. 
lie School odu- 
tor. RO0.: 411 



t. Orff. 191S. 
i. Soe'y, DftT« 
nry St. 

, SSS B. B'way. 

lemliorohlp ti. 

Krolndol. 6 

lee'y, Theodore 

»h. Pros. Solas 
3'wa3r); elected 
months. Bom 
Received ^n- 
lucatlon. Cleric 
ir Supply. Ree.: 



eta I Clah, C4 

t. Org, 1916. 
0. Free.. Aaron 
7, Hyman Pes- 
drldgre St. 
«• Pre*. Seph- 
nub (64 Riv- 

elected 1917. 

Bom 1892 in 
elTed general 
Ion. Designer. 

Tovas FHeBde 

»rff. 1916. Mem- 
*res., Sam Sha- 
I ton Rd. Soe'y. 
, 892 Flushing 



cnah. IBC- T W. 180th 
St Or£r. 1916. Membership 
SO. Pros.. Jack Habits. 61 B. 
101st St. Seo'y, Sam Solon, 
884 B. 119th St 



Ualted DraaMtic ■■« Mmdcal 
Clah, 188 2nd Ave. Org. 1914. 
Meets Friday evenings. 
Membership: 112. Pros., 
Samuel Shapiro. 110 St. 
Marks PI. Sec'y. Seymour 
Khopfler, 110 St Marks PI. 



Pres. 
A. 8. 

since 
Born 



TorkTUle Brotherhood AM 
Society, 108 W. 116th St 
Org. 1906. Membership 180. 
Pres.. Geo. R. Rubin. 6 W. 
111th St Sec'y. Chas. Fish- 
er. 667 W. 19l8t St 

R ■ b I a, Cieorsre R., 

Torkvilie brotherhood 
(108 W. 116th St). 
1916. Term 1 year. 
1889 In Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1896. Received CoUegre 
education. Lawyer: 261 
B'way. Res.: 5 W. 111th St. 

Yovair Frieads P o II 1 1 e a 1 
Leasae, 21 Montg^omery St 
Orff. 1916. Membership 86. 
Pres.. Philip FlshflToId. 242 
South 9th St. Sec'y. Mr. 
Alex Fruchthandler. c|o I. 
Tagrer. 54 Canal St 

F r ■ h AT o 1 d, Philip. Pres. 
Youngr Friends Political 
Lfcaffue (21 Montgromery St), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1896 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1910. Received Hlgrh 
School education. Waist 
Cutter. Res.: 242 So. 9th 
St., B'klyn. 



A. Feldman Society, 206 E. 

B'way. 

Broker, Y. M. 206 B. B'way. 

Bnoth Jermwile-. 86 Opchard 
St. 

B*mal J»«*^ W ™- **** ®^- 
BUAer Vereln, 206 B. B'way. 

Be«>erlmer »oelaI Clo*. 61 

Iiudlow St. 

OommAe Social ©!■*• *^ ^• 

124th St. 

206 



n e r IK V B^ .*•-■— — 
Hall, B. 116th 

Harlen HebreiR 

W. I16th St. 

jBBlor V9mtsu»* ^ 
16th St. 



Jmlla Bw 

116th St. 



Jewlab IjeaK«e 
Patrlotm 206 



B. B'way. 
Daalel Pello^ 206 B. B'way. 

Banal A»ertea» S©«tal Cliib, 
tTupel Oapden, 06 B. UOth 
St 

Bkrem Pra»re«rt^« I^ 100 W. 

116th St. 

B«ther J. Rii»k«T Rf"»"^~ 
Circle. 119 W. 114th St. 



field Are. 

Kmdenuih Clrel 
Ladies. 125 I 

Lnbllmer Y. M. 

s, 151 



.... «r^ ^1 



Mumal Welfa 

Marks PL 

MavBt Morris 

116th St. 

Mollr Sebwai 

W. 116th St 

Modem Yoaa 

542 E. 14511 



* • 



.nomtt HID xjci/totMHi acbnoobb 



m 



Bt. 



let IfadlMB 



itte Ctnim, 1«0 W. lUth 



I Clrd% 107 W. lieth 



Iter T. M^ 8-10 Ave. D. 



MT Mea* 71 Ludlow 8t 



BtUd CMb, M-t 



Clinton 8t 



I /f-j 



Plmi Otab, 111-111 S. lOlvtSt. 



..a 



rtuOnw VlmmUw, 106 ' ' S 



. »♦. 



B'way. 
PoMe aiU JmtlM^ tO-1 Can- 



ton St. 

80-S CUnton St. 



•f JoMpk 8«ctotir» itO 

W. 116th SL 

Social 0«U«, 141 McKibbon.' 



St 



Clmh, 161 Clin- Wlokalteer Y. rrfeado, S14 B. 

2nd St. 



loo Ctmht 41 Dobevolse. 



TovBS FolkoP Leoswe « 
IcM, 41 W. 124th St. 



• • 



J^k «^c*«* 



M. SiaenoerK, ov 

Sec'y. Walter E. Beer, 62 H«rmonle Cl» 

B'way. Treas., B. I. Stralem, 

6 Nassau St. 



dtr AtWetlc Club, 48 W. B4th 
St. TeL No. Circle 600. Pres.. 
F. R. Gugrarenhelm. 120 
B'way. SecTy. Ddwin D. 
Hays. IIB B'way. 

ColUibta Cl«b, tSOe B'way. 
Tel. No. Schuyler 4446. Pres . 
Alexander Lyons. 68 Will- 
iams St Sec'y. Harry Wal- 
lensteln. 84 University PI. 
Treas.. Marcus Helm. »• 
Beaver St. 

Criteriim Cl-b, 688 Fifth Ave. 
Tel. No. Plasa 1950. Pres.. 
Fred H. Greenebaum, 19 Nas- 
sau St Sec'y. William J. 
Wittenberg, H Broadway. 
Treas.. Albert Goodman, 
Plasa Hotel. 

Falrvlew Cooiitry Clab, Saw 

Mill River Rd. Tel. No. 
Blmsford 1781. Pres., Bdw. 
p Heymann. 85 Nassau St. 
Sec'y. Alfons Wile. 62 Ninth 
Ave. Treas.. Joseph 
Strasser. 29 Ninth Ave. 



H. 



Clal 

St Tel. N 
Pres., Phlnei 
(Iiadenburgr. 
Co.), 26 Bi 
Norman 
First Ave. 
Naumburg, 
Sup't Mr. I 

Helsbta 8«cla 

erslde Drlv< 
bon 1248. 

lBWOO« COUBl 

L. I. Tel. 
way 2800. 
Elseman, 

Sec'y, I* 
B'way. Tre 
200 6th Av 

Nortb Sbor 

(Country < 
monle Cli 
li. I. Prei 
48 W. 86tl 
E. Rosenh' 
Co.), 19 B 
Max S. Ki 
St 

Ocean Con 

Rockawaj 



TMnXASs AMD OaurURAh AOEMGXIB 



$63 



ChAb MU' at. a^d 
Ciatrml PlLrk W. TiL iQ^o. 
ittTrwslde 771. Pr«a., Natban 
D. Stent* 111 Wirmr, Bifr, 
It Hochflter. 120 B'way. 
ftiUL. Sttllc OoldiUlii. 96 
Wnnam St. 

ngUnrt CMI» 1 W. Itlflt St. 
M. M6. BarlMi 189S. Ptm.. 
LoQte C Oohen, 440 W. Bnd 



66 Vermlllii. Ave. Tr«u..-£iao 
Steine^, 96 Fifth Ave. 

W««dai«rc Clvb» Meadow 
Driva, Woodmer^ Lu I. Tal. 
No. Woodmare 9670. Praa.. 
liu J. Robartaon, 41 Spruce 
8t. Sec'T* I* H. ]>hmaii. Ill 
B'way. Traaa., X>aTld A. 
Anabaoher, 627 6th Ave. 



1. Revival of Hebr< 

With the rise of the '' 
forerunner of political Z 
change took place in the 
old historic tongue. This 
ing of the Jewish peop 
emerged from the pure! 
began to take shape in t 
tion in Palestine. This < 
tional values into new, liv 
of converting the **hol>^ 

It is true that the ** 
preceded the rise of ** Chil 
stripping Hebrew of its p 
this was not done as an c 
kilim, the pioneers of sec 
the Hebrew language as 
Hebrew literature was ii 
to the sunny shores of th 
thought. This was the 
never encouraged the re 
tongue. The task was lef 



RiCBiAnoiirAL Ain> tmtdKAL Acomom -585 

8. In Palmtlne 

le many of theae dobs did not generally enjoy a 
mg Iife» the moyement itself made rapid strideB. 
ivdopment of the new settlement in PiQestine and 
>foand influence of Eliezer Ben Jehndah in Jem- 
nltimately removed the speaking of Hebrew from 
main of indiiidaal aecomplishment, as a curious 
ad made of it a great popular movement. It be- 
in important factor in education and in daily 
rhis wonderful achievement encouraged the He- 
in the lands of the Dispersion. Though a large 
r of HebrewHspeaking clubs came to an untimely 
sw ones were continually taking their place; and 
vement has n6w become more prominent and more 
:ed. 

3. Progress of the Movement 

ould be unjust to measure the progress of the 
ent l^ the number of clubs which are devoted 
to the speaking of Hebrew. While these clubs 
t looked upon as its visible symbols, they are, by 
»t the sum total of the Hebraic sentiment which 
rmeated the more dynamic elements of Jewry. 
yean ago, a man capable of expressing himself in 
Hebrew was looked upon as a marveL Today 
xe hundreds of Jews in all lands who speak He- 
xdusively in their own circles; others, although 
in number, make Hebrew the daily language in 
jom&L Verily, there are babes today whose first 
consists of Hebrew monosyllables. Forty years 



daily use. Its terminology for sci 
growing continually. 

4. In Americ 

The first Jewish immigrants fr< 
came from the lower strata of the i 
dition, which to the Jews always n 
Hebrew to begin with, was not u 
early settlers. Now and then, a 
would also drift to these shpres. Bi 
to the new environment meant a n 
than to the simple working-man or 
more spiritual needs were, therefor 
the bitter fight to gain a foothold : 

During the last twenty years, 
change has been taking place. Jew 
stabilized. The younger, more intei 
coming to America and with it, th 
made its entrance into the new woi 

5. Meflze S'fath 

Tho first Hebrew-spoakinjr cliil: 



.nMUb AMD iOtfiJVOBMM* AQBKCm Ml 



hi Bber u* Sifrao^" indieates Hi aim, which was the 
Iimm d the Imowledge of the Hebrew langaage and 
sratme. The progzmm indnded the apeakiiig of He- 
nr, the Tnaintcnance of reading rootnsy evening conraes 
' adnUi^ and the pnUieation of a joomal. The first 
etinga at whieh Tarions diseomaea in' Hebrew were 
en ereated a veritable sensation. These meetings be- 
ne very popnlar and the visitors were often as many 
ihree hundred strong. Noted writers and prominent 
tea wonid, from time to time, be invited to address 
M gatheringa. 

Phe society also gave subsidies to several Hebrew pub- 
Ktions and, from time to time, made an attempt to 
dish iMtmphlets and|ionmals in Hebrew. The be- 
nings of an extensive library were made. Lack of 
ids, however, made all these projects short-lived. Re- 
tly, the < organization disbanded. 

6. Achleber 

ii 1909 a group of young Hebraists who were striv- 
for more aggressive methods than their predeces- 
I, organized the ''Achieber." The aims of the new 
anization were nearly identical with those of the older 
• If a departure was made, it consisted mainly in 
policy of subsidizing Hebrew literature the world 
r, and particularly in Palestine. Two thousand 
oes were given to the Pidestinian organization ''Ko- 
rthy" in order to make possible the publication of 
ntifle text-books for Palestinian schools. The '' Achie- 
*' baeame a volunteer subscription agent for all the 



of a monthly journal, the "Hatorei 
half later, this publication was conve 
Its management was then turned ovei 
corporation. Its last enterprise is 
a Yoluminous year-book. 

The society is also the publicity a| 
writers who come to this country, 
years of its existence it has taken the 
brations and public gatherings of a 
It also arranges weekly lecturea in E 
members are all the noted Heorew ^ 

7. Other Organizai 

In Greater New York there are 
speaking organizations with a total 
hundred. Two of them consist of w< 
Am Chai" and Branch No. 3 of th( 
of students (Agudah Ivrith of the < 
of New York) and one whose spec 
creation of a Hebrew stage. These t 
elude the numerous Hebrew-speaking 
in Hebrew schools and Talmud Toral 



i ^ 



.MMi£ AMD* ouiavHal AOBKOOBB 569 

IB. ' SninBitaig Up 

ooUng bad: at the Hefaraio movement for the last 
dtj yeatVy onto muat come to the eoneltuion that its 
ievements were rather intensive than extensive. 
mty years ago, hardly anyone on this side of the 
antie thonght of using Hebrew as a spoken tongue. 
I few meagre publieations that api>eared here had 
dly any literary value. The number of their readers 
'er exceeded several hundred. There were hardly 
r subscribers to the Hebrew publications of the old 
rid. The most prominent monthly, the ''Hashiloach/' 
1 about twenty subscribers in New York City. As to 

demand for modem Hebrew books, there was vir- 
Uy none. 

^oday. New York has several thousand people whose 
g;uage of conversation is Hebrew, either steadily or 
srmittently. Two weeklies, the "Hatoren" and the 
aibriy" as well as a juvenile monthly, the ''Shach- 
li," are being published. Collectively they have al- 
it eight thousand subscribers. Societies for the pub- 
tion of Hebrew books are springing up. Moreover, 

inauguration of the natural method, that is, the 
ig of Hebrew as the language of instruction in many 
irew schools and Talmud Torahs, is essentially a 
It asset for the revivifying of the ''holy tongue.'' 
out ten lectures in Hebrew are given in New York 
y every week. The creation of a Hebrew school of 
isodary instruction for boys and girls and the Jewish 
Mdiers' Institute may also be looked upon as a great 



Hebrew is not the daily language of 
to be hoped that the renewal of Jewis 
will strengthen the hands of the Hebi 
and make their influence greater .an< 
the Jewish life of America. 



i I 

■' '■ i-'i-i- 
ii U is sac 

tr !« S3 .e U 






niij 

11 13 IS sS |33 
& |S |S 11 ^^1 

js II II b m 



J 12 

I I! 



... s 

"'8 * 

i £ 

J « 

t i 

^ I 






s 



i CO 

I? I 

ha ,3 



: » 



S ? H ;a S| -f I" 

8 sis IS it =1 5t 

= .»» „o az KB >-o 

- as sa ^» ^2 




. •' I, M 
1 ??«-" 



isr s. 



nBGBBA.n01liAb ;iJII> CUIiTUBAIj- AOENOflDB 578 - 

liflh, N. Ml. Scluukawitch, who is better known ander . 
•en-name^ Sefaomer. 

BiUBia, however, the Yiddish theater was short-. 
, The government of Alexander III prdiibited. in 
ighties ibe prodaetion of Yiddish, plays, and to- 
r with the large emigration to America, following, 
ogroma of 1882,. t^he Yiddish theater also emigrated. 
t new wwld: Qoldfaden, Shomer, and a motley host 
ddish troopeSb 

he beginning, the old repertoire remained in vogoe^ 
ace, actors and plays remained the same. Bat the 
nyiranment soon bq^ to make inroads ai)on the - 
b and the old habits, and this period of transition 
^t havoc in the morale of the Yiddish theatre, 
outlook and content became demoralized. The new 
concocted by Horowitz and Lateiner were no more 
ah; ibey were simply abominable. The formula 
till Goldfaden's, but more frivolous and debased- 
>lays were not only more sensational; they were 
»re Jewish. The plays depicting modem Jewish 
rere barren of all serious Jewish problems and 
h thought. Their ''historical" operas did not con-^ 
k vestige of historical episode. All in all, pot-boil- 
l dull brains, bad taste and indecency. Moreover, 
sr the actors nor the public longed for anything 
'. The actors were very comfortable in their re- 
ire. There was no need for rehearsals, and they 
privileged to' give a touch of impromptu to their 
^nt^ could indulge in acrobatic stunts to their 
t' Cttntent, become famous without much trouble, 
p Uttla fertnnes;. and pasa themselves off aS' great: 



masses, hoped for the early 
immigrants, and eared 11 tt 
done by the Yiddish stage, w 
tic level of the Jewish mass 
their opinion was doomed to 
worry? 

In the nineties, a rede(^ 
appears. He is an immigi 
Jacob Gordin. He breaks ii 
witz and Lateiner, demolish 
public and the actors. 

His first steps are somewl 
plays after the Goldfaden m( 
and buffoonery. But the eon 
the play is adapted from a 
ideas have a more or less s 
merit consists in delineation < 
are not mere caricatures of 
pertoire. One can identify tl 
by little he shakes off the in 
He finds himself and finds tl: 
relc Efros/* **Gott, Mensel; 
Sonata/* **I)er Unbekantor. 



■HHUXlQKAIf AND COlOVEAh AOENOIB 



575 



vBfMl Ummmlyrm. He wins over the paUic, upon whom 
began to datm the puerility and eenaeleaneae of Ae 
neroims xepertoize. . 

He did. not benidi ''aehimd" altogether. The old 
le pe r toin e di^ not disappear. But he did' weaken its 
grip on the pnblio and relegated it to a lees domineering 
plaee. 

Uafortanatelyy Gordin died young. The last eight 

yenii linee Gordin'a death, have been lean years for the 

Jsiridi stage. BxtemaUyi materiallyi its progress is 

Mfe than satisflaetory. New spacious theatre buildings 

Vmig up. The actors are handsomely paid. The re- 

btioQdiip between manager and hired actor is less 

Pitriarehal; that is, the manager no longer takes the 

liberty of manhandling his employee. Also, 4;he authors 

let larger royalties; But internally, spiritually, the old 

ewiditioiia preraiL The art of acting has made no pro- 

I'M simp^ because the actors are afraid to venture a 

^ farther. Th^ are afraid to move forward, and 

do not realize that they are really moving backward. 

'fhtj were reared on the simple principle of indolence, 

War studying the part, and never living the character 

ttqr were depicting on the stage. Even Oordin made 

it lather easy for them. He used to fashion parts to 

their measure. There was no need to study, to create, 

Is live one's part This they still demand of every 

new playwright, and the author who wishes to retain 

Us independenoe, or who dares to introduce new artistic 

tantm, or who has a new message to offer and does not 

speeolate beforehand about the actor who may perchance 

play the part, — in short, the author who has the least 



theater .- 

' ' The Yiddish theater oug 
joy, spiritual gratification ai 
the name has come to den( 
and degeneracy. Mention 1 
every man more or less ii 
shrug his shoulders contemp 
. ''The Yiddish theater ha 
Jewish life. It is not only in 
ing to the .demands of the ti 
its time and place. It follo\ 
first came into being. Plays 
when they were first produ 
inate its repertoire. Our a 
very plays and stick to 
They find in them the acme 
ties, and won 't let them go. 
enjoy this abomination nevi 
writers of **new'' plays hav« 
to imitate this buffoonery. A 
theater remains submerjrod ii 
sham and shame. 



> » 



RBGBBATIONAL AND CULTURAL A0BNCIB8 



677 



I better education, to improve their iimer life, their cul- 

toral development t He has no right to balk on the 

leore of langnage, that is, because he has an antipathy 

to Yiddish. The education of the masses is the prime 

object Belinqoishing the Yiddish theater as an ednca- 

tbnsl means for the development of the artistic and the 

betatifol, will not annihilate Yiddish. As it is now, the 

Jewish massea are the only sufferers. Is there one who 

would make this cause his t 

The harm is great and help is urgently needed. 



UST OF JEWISH THEATRES 



Avici's Gramd Tkeatre. Grand 
vid Chrystle SU. Orgranlzed 
Kaj 1, 1917. Pres. and 
^ttaager: Louis Ooldsteln, 
Grand and Chrystie Sts. 
^71 produced in 1917: 
Jewish Pride. Stars: Mr. 
«nd Mrs. Jacob P. Adler. 



t^ Kesfller Thc«tM» 68 2nd 
^▼e. Manager, R. Willner. 
^t. David Kessler. Mer- 
uit Bernstein, Morris 
-hwarts, Celia Adler, Louis 
rnbaum. Mrs. S o h n e i r , 
Mie Weissman. Anions 
plays produced in 1917 
: The Power of Passion, 
men the Charlatan, Ood, 
and Devil, The Value 
Mother. 



ihetsky** 
Theatre^ 201 ^owery. 
ishefsky, 166 2nd Ave. 



Manasrer, Joseph Edelstein, 
45 W. 110th St. Plays pro- 
duced in 1916: Two Mothers, 
Winsome Susie. Star: Bessie 
Thomashefsky. 

Gmbel's Theatre, 236-87 Bow- 
ery. Pres., Max Oabel, 286- 
37 Bowery. Managrer, Harry 
Ootti. 832 E. 18th St Or- 
sranized 1916. Main plays 
produced in 1916: Clear 
Conscience, Max Oabel; Baby 
Wife, Max Oabel. Stars: 
Max Oabel, Jennie Ooldsteln, 
Elias Rothstein and Ooldie 
Shapiro. 

Goldberg A Jacobs Lenax 

Theatre, 10 Lenox Avenue. 
Managrer, Philip Schneider, 
384 Grand St. Ass't Msrr., 
Samuel Rosenheim. Orsr-: 
1915. Main plays produced 
in 1916: The Moral Preach- 



er; a Motner'a Awakening:. 
Nahum Rockov; Apartment 
No. 3, Leon Kobrln. Stars: 
Mr. and Mrs. Nathan Gold- 
berg:. Mr. and Mrs. Jacob 
Jacobs. 

iJb«rt7 Theatre, 63 Liberty 
Ave., B'klyn. Managrer, Chas. 
W. Groll, 200 W. llSth St. 
Or8:anlzed Sept, 1916. Main 
plays produced In 1916: The 
repertoire of Jacob Gordln, 
Z. Llbin. L. Kobrln, J. Lat- 
elner, M. Rlchter. I. Solotor- 
efsky. Stars: Jacob P. Adler, 
Boris Thomashefsky. David 
K 6 s s 1 e r , Jacob Cone, S. 
Welntraub, Hose Karp, 
Kenny Llpsln. Bessie Thom- 
ashefsky. Sarah Adler. 



Hk 



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ORAMD aXREBT THHATRE 



sai 



f 



, YIDDISH LITERATURE 

. ***** • *' . •" ' ... • • * 

(In the Old World amd the New) 

fiyJOELENTEEN 

» 

Viddkh and Yiddish literature — they are like a mir< 
^'e of. Jewish history, like a stroke of our destiny. They 
^€re bom in exile, like the grass that sprouts among 
^ cobble-stones of the million-footed city pavement, 
"^ey blossomed and flourished in the farthest comers 
of the g^obe, wherever the Diaspora has scattered us, 
^U8 presenting the most indelible sign of our tenacity. 
'They are our shield and bulwark in days of sequestra- 
tion and fading traditions. Scattered all over the face 
of the earth, would we survive without a distinct living 
U>ngQef In an age when religion crumbles and social 
^rife is disrupting, what could hold us together} But 
^he genius of Jewish history, or you may call it, the in- 
stinct of otir national self-preservation, provided a timely 
Remedy. Out of the essence of the withering Hebrew 

• 

U wove the Yiddish* Out of the embers of the dying 
Religion it caught the flame of Jewish tradition and 
rekindled it and transfused it through the pages of 
Fiddish poetry. 

And thus it came to pass, that ages away from our 
incient glory and oceans apart from one another, we 
^ill retain our national physiognomy. And thus it hap- 
^ned^ that out of the depths of our estrangement and 
a tilie midst of our endless divisions and schisms we are 
till M«- pMple. •— 



Ii8h that was formed after 
dish had been created by t 
they settled in Teutonic rej 
early in the second half c 
has ever since been the li^ 
that trace their origin froi 
of Russia, Russian-Poland 
of the emigrants from the 
the United States, Cana< 
South Africa, Australia, ' 
True, for about a century 
more denationalized Jews 
Austria, as well as their d< 
land and America, have ( 
drifted away from the **«ri 
this is not witliout parall 
Frenchified British courti< 
days of William the Conqi 
terity look down witii a 
Anglo-Saxon T 

Although the living tonj» 
nation, yet, because of its ] 
with the sacred lan«rufl?o ( 



VECBMATIOWAh MMD GUUTUBAL AOENCIKH .&S9 

^ohmsed the tongue. It grew ap as the language of 
tbe most hardy and most loyal children of IsraeL It grew 
op as the most fertile bed of Jewish tradition,, of his- 
torical allusions and suggestions. Yiddish is the lan- 
guage of Jewish folk-lore: of the riddles, the endless 
proverbs, the popular anecdotes and witticisms, of the 
simple and heartfelt tales of the lowly : of the numerous, 
bigUy emotional and, at times, charmingly pretty folk- 
Kmgs. 

A^ early as the fourteenth century we find Yiddish 
translations of the Hebrew prayer-books and hymn books. 
Then there appeared translations and . paraphrases of 
the Old Testament, collections of Talmudical legends, 
parables and maxims, which were subsequently supple- 
mented by a number of ethical and homiletic books, 
niostly translated from the Hebrew, yet, not too rarely 
originally composed in the language of the people. In 
the eourse of time there also appeared the popular tale, 
iQostly to impart some moral or religious lesson, and not 
iiifrequently written in the same spirit, and partly with 
the same effectiveness, with which Protestant Do Foe 
^rote his Robinson Crusoe. 

The last mentioned tales were more or less original 
productions independent of Hebrew, yet these were not, 
«ven in far bygone days, the only original creations in 
Yiddish. Hundreds of years before our age, Yiddish 
gave rise to two distinct species of literature, of which 
one has no counterpart either in Hebrew or in any other 
literature, and the other has some parallel in the early 
beginnings of the European drama. The first are the 
Teekinotkj fervent and ebullient prayers of an extern- 



4 OOKMDNAL 

>raneouH nature, composed for all sorts of synagogicA 
id famiiy occasions, and exclusively meant to suit tbi 
■eds and the sad lot of the Jewish wife and mother, 
he second species are the Purim and mystery plajs, 

former composed in a rather burlesque vein and some- 
hat loose style and betraying a slight influence of 

■ilar German farces, the latter being dramatic ra- 
tals of the deeds and legends of patriarchs and heroes 

old. Unlike most old Hebrew dramas many of thex 
ere actually played on the Feast of Purim and on 
,her occasions, thus creating a distant background to 
le quite imposing Yiddish drama of today. 

It should likewise be mentioned, that as a profui^ 
nguage, Yiddish was also tolerated to be used as » 
;bicle for the myths and stories of contemporsrv 
urope. Thus, we find in it, centuries ago, renderings of 




i 



;: 



SKBBATIOirAL AMD CUIiTUEAL AOENCIBB 585 

tioQty travden' taleB, witticisms and deep Jewish yearn- 
ings for Palestine and glowing patriotic effusions. 

In the coarse of centuries, then, by these multifarious 
ways^ the new tongue was welded, enriched, and refined, 
until it became the most intimate and thorough lan- 
guage of the Jewish people, its ideal means of expression. 
Tiddish most truly reflects the Jewish mind and soul; 
the originality of the Jewish brain, the pathos, the 
Qumghtfulness, the sadness, the other-wordliness of the 
Jewish character, the keenness, the penetrating sagacity, 
the humor, the irony of the Jewish intellect, the lustre 
of Jewish imagination, the delicacy and depth of Jewish 
^eUng, the varied richness and worldly wisdom of Jew- 
ish observation. 

When, therefore, in the nineteenth century Jewish 
^ters began to employ Yiddish for secular and modern 
Uterary purposes, they found it a most apt, most facile 
^ rich, fresh and succulent, and above all, a most inti- 
mate means of Jewish expression. It was then that Yid- 
^ literature in the more restricted sense of the word 
^[an to flourish. Thus, early in the nineteenth century 
^ already meet with Yiddish didactic bards and popu- 
W gingers, dramatists, story-tellers, essayists, and the 
^ Somewhat later talented novelists and poets ap- 
pear, and as early as the sixties Yiddish literature as- 
sumed quite a magnificent appearance. It is, then, that 
Afaramowitz, the but now deceased Mendele Mocher 
Sephorim, a truly Jewish genius of the highest magni- 
^e, writes his plays, his novels and most pathetic and 
poignant satires. About a decade later Spector begins 
W write his graceful and most sympathetic stories and 



COMHUNAI. BBOIBTER 



Jvels. Then, also came the poet Froog, with his 8wee^ 

I pensive, graceful, yet highly emotional lyrics, finely 

fnantie epics and sadly bitter satires. Then appeared 

J great and most ingenious humorist Rabinowitz, the 

; Sholcm Aleiehcm, wbo at various times has been 

tnpared to the Russian Gogol, the English Dictana, 

1 the American Mark Twain, but who, most corrMtlj 

1 most definitely, is the great humoroiis explorer and 

jrtrayer of Jewish life, of Jewish men, women and chil- 

fcn of all classes, ages and regions, and who draws h* 

ftxhaustible fountains of Jewish pathos and humor from 

~E very depths of Jewish thought and feeling, from his 

limate acquaintance with the multifarious ramifiw- 

pis and vagaries of the Jewish miriil and soul snJ 

the rieh stores and finest shades and tints ami 

liiilest turns of the Yiddish language. Lastly, at tbe 



i->' »■.. • 



As in tlw eaia of Hebrew literature, the great Jewiah 
ational: niifd.>of 'iba laat.thne deeadoa gaye* Yiddish 
Lteratnre ran- unp rnoedented impetm. * Herer however, 
h» rejuvenatioii waa mndh enhanoed hj tiie great 
demoeratio and revelntioiiary awakenixig in Bnana and 
\xj the mii^itgr tide of emigrati<m to England,, to the 
United 8ttttsaa»' Soath Afriea, etc The wonderfully 
gifted poets, Boaenfeld and Bloomgarden ( Yehoash), the 
pofferfnl draaatiata Gordin and Eobrin, the Tivid and 
mort teanaliMWit iftstoh-writer and poet Baiain, the 
idjilie atary-teller and thoughtful playwright Pineki, 
the magnifleently elemental and exuberantly aenanodB 
novelist and dramatist Asch, the sadly humorous delin- 
€stor of American Jewish sweatdiop life Libin, the pen- 
sive singer of modem Jewish fears and cravings Ein- 
Wn, the finely piqrchological portrayer of intelleetual 
iiMdem typea Nomberg, and a very large host of other 
Poet% novelists, essayists, eritics and historiana in 
fioflsia, America, Qalicia and elsewhere, have incessantly 
^nriebed the ever-flowing stream of Yiddish literature, 
•o thai it haa now assumed the most astonishing proper- 
tioDs and haa become one of the most original and most 
deqily interesting of modem literatures. It is the truest 
>&irror of the jaym and sorrows, the schisms and alii- 
taees, the transformations and metamorphoses, the 
yesmingi . and cravings, th^ love and hatred, the piety 
^diAdief, the high abandon and deep scathing irOhy, 
^ hope and despair, the pathos, the tragedy of the 
'twish people of today. 



It is one of the most w 
world and it is wonderful ii 
cause of the rapidity of iU 
literature has hardly reacli 
single life. We are not yet 
of the grandfather of Yiddi 
stood at her cradle, and yel 
alone we have about three h 
dred came after the advent o 

Secondly, Yiddish literati] 
its numerous giants. No otl 
so many geniuses, true crec 
Among other nations, albe: 
favorable, there is no such p 
instance, there was no such 
latter years of Queen Vict( 
now, after the death of Tol 
great writers, Gorki and And 
ters of Yiddish literature ev 
Reb Mendele first waved his 
besides the wizard himself, 
Peretz, Rosenfeld, Gordin, E 



• ^--^ • -• 



nOKAIt MSXB COVrOUhh AfiKNODB '889 



atod in the midst of the peraeoation of tUoee wlio 
t to be its godf athen, itB proteotora. For a Icag 
Yiddidi literatare was treated like an nngraeioiu 
found hy the wayside. Tliey wrote ditties, dashed 
iroeSy yet they did not dare father their o(»npo8i- 
. Sneh was the relation of the Maskilim. Latto 
i the early days of the Lovers of Zion.when Sholttn 
ihem made his bow wil3i his Volks Bibliotek, war 
dedared against Yiddish literature and its reader 
shanon the Cobbler," and long did the battle risige in 
solomns of the HameUtz. And nowadays when 
ish literature has reached such heights, they ex- 
Einnicate it. At the Ussischkin circle in Odessa, as 
as at the American Talmud Torah, at the gymna- 
of Tel Aviv, as well as the People's House at Jeru- 
1, everywhere the Shofar is blown and the black 
les flicker. Such is the attitude of ofBcial Zionism 
)f Hebraism. 

id to it lUl the poverty of its environment, the 
absence of any patronage of wealth and you will 
some idea of the tenacity of Yiddish literature. 
Idish literature is also blessed with originality, 
comes, naturally enough, from the originality of 
ih lif^, tiie Jewish way of thinking, Jewish humor 
the Yiddkh tongue. Be this as it may, Yiddish 
inre is the better for it all. Take Ibsen, for in- 
a. His ideas are new, original, daring, but not 
haracters. You come across a Mrs. Alving, a Dr. 
man and even a Bosmer in other literatures; 
irly with Hauptmann and Chekhov. You could 
pose Johaness of the Lonely People, bale and bag- 



Yiddish literature is eonsta 
ting filled. Formerly certain 
and there was a blank. In po 
lacked the narrative ; in prose 
sense, was absent. But aftei 
hoash, Mani Leib and M. L. 
for the first claim, and after 
Asch's **Mary*' and the nove 
foundation for the latter. 

Yiddish literature is coni 
goal of self-realization. It m 
the more Jewish. This is its 
and longevity. A literature ^ 
life and history of its people 
literature has no message of 
to exist. In the days of the 
and Bovshever or in the earl 

• 

Kobrin or Gordin, there woui 
truth in the reproaeli that Yi 
cud of other literatures. Such 
sound astoundingly unfoundoc 
Talcs from Oasrilovkv, etc.: 



..1 i*_ 11- A- 1 



■BGBUnmili UfD 6ui/rt7BAL AGKNCIBB 591 

m. . 

If Uddisli literature is a miraele, then ite Ameriean 
aie 18 a miraele within a miracle. It » stiU within 
e lememfaranee of readeift of some twenty-eight jeara 
[0 how the Hebrew pre« of those dsys beimled the 
swiah emigration from Bnssia to this country. For 
It it not certain that we were doomed here to extino- 
QD» or at least to Jewish degeneracy! 

Ssddest of all were the prophecies about the fntnre 
! Yiddish and Yiddish literature in this country. Take, 
r instance, Dr. Leo Wiener of Harvard University 
ho, in his pre&ce to his History of Yiddish Literature, 
xdogixes somewhat to this effect: Yiddish and its 
ierature will soon be effaced in America. The Ohetto 
idf will be engulfed. Even now you may hear the 
ething and the brawling of the fatal whirlpool and 
k for fear lest the world remain ignorant of the awful 
mian ferment and palpitation, that the doctor writes 
ibodk. 

The assimilation prophecy, however, was dispersed 
he chaff before the wind. About twenty years have 
and since and we have in New York alone five Yid- 
di dailies, six weeklies and two monthlies, which are 
timated to be read by over a million people. 

Only about thirty years had passed since they begiem 
riting Yiddish in America, and yet what an upbuilding 
d fmetilying force the printed American Yiddish 
jrd has proved for Yiddish literature. If it were not 
r America, perhaps some branches of Yiddish litera- 
te would still be missing. More than that, if it were 



disti press that led some of the gre 
forth into the world. Some twentj 
being no Yiddish press in Russia 
lishers of sterling Yiddish literat 
brooding in obscurity. But then I: 
the Arbeiter Zeitung and the Zuku 
New York Socialists. It was here t 
sketches and symbolistic tales first 
may say, without vanity, that we 1 
Peretz for Russia. This is equally 
Pinski and to some extent also wi 
Hirshbein. 

Of much greater importance in t 
ever, is our own very numerous f ai 
ists, dramatists and publicists. Suf 
that in the course of these thirty ye 
here not less than a couple of hu 
of letters. 

Yet the what is of much more i; 
Imad many. And it is here that 
greatest. 

Until America came with its poe 
poetry, in the modern sonsp of t)io 



the primeval tale of the sea, 
Yiddish poets and the grar 
I must also mention that n( 
in Yiddish verse a slight ini 
poetry. It is clear that it 

True, American- Yiddish 
faults. For instance, its pre 
speak of the trashy roman 
newspapers for daily consu 
sists of short stories. The s 
polish. The technique ma 
what imperfect. All such : 
from the same sources frc 
flows. It should always be 
literature in America is j 
never stimulated by wealth} 
academy to guide it, and n 
advise it. Moreover, it waa 
and weekly press, with tl 
crib-fellow and the loudly 
its godfather. 

It is true that while roe 
often also had TourcrenefT, 



BBGSBATIONAL Ain> CUIiTURAL ACOBNCIBS 595 

way for tbe best in the world's literature to the recep- 
tive mind of the Yiddish reader. The Jewish sweatshop 
worker wonld have no appreciation of Maupassant or 

Gq^ if he had not previously been trained by Libin, 

Kobrin, Gordin, Qorin, Pinski or Raisin. 



Tiddish and Yiddish literature have been the great 

IxNm of Jewish history to the scattered tribes of Israel. 

To the Jews of America they have been like the rainbow 

j& the shy, a covenant against the deluge of assimila- 

tbn. One is almost tempted to see in them the finger 

of Jewish destiny. For have not the Yiddish press and 

literature been, inadvertently, planted in this new land 

of our Gk)luth by our very Socialists and Anarchists of 

thirty years ago, who then disclaimed anything Jewish 

ud who made use of our vernacular for the very end 

cf denationalizing the Jewish immigrant, of preaching 

to him the gospel of internationalism and eosmopolitan- 

Smt 

But tiien the tool proved more potent than the wielder. 
It was Yiddish that kept the Jew alive in the hearts of 
our workers and the innermost Jew craved for Yiddish 
literature and he got it, perhaps in spite of the giver. 
And it was Yiddish literature that kept the sap of 
Jewish tradition flowing in the veins of the souls of the 
JiBwkli masses in the New World. And thus it came to 
paiB that Yiddish and Yiddish literature were our shield 
Bid our bulwark. 



I. Rise and 

In a polyglot society, s' 
of New York City, the pe] 
polyglot. The accessibilit} 
makes it possible for eve: 
munity, no matter how sr 
its own. Virtually, there 
of the Jewish Press as the 
Jewish community. The i 
is to be found between 
and the foreign language ( 
ture corresponding to thi 
between ''uptown" and ** 

1. I 

The readers of the Je^ 
with the entire English Pi 
them all general informat 
daily paper in English to 
These readers contented 
monthly publications, dev 
fairs. As long as the Je 



nSOBBATIONAL AND CULTUBAL AGENCOBB 597 



/ 



English made its appearance. It was . named 
Jew." Journalistically it was a sorry affair, its 
oncem being to fight the missionaries who were at 
me very active in the Jewish districts. It dragged 
a poor existence for two years when it suddenly 
d. So discouraging was the first effort at Jewish 
ilism in English, that for the next twenty-four 
New York Jewry remained without a publication 

own. In 1894, Mr. Robert Lyon organized a 
' ''The Asmonean," and that lasted ten years. 
Asmonean" was devoted to the literary, religious 
olitical interests of the Jews in America, and so 

was the interest it aroused, that when ''The As- 
n" itself began to sink, "The Jewish Messenger" 
red. * ' The Jewish Messenger ' ' enjoyed a long life, 
ring from 1857 to 1903, when it was merged into 
American Hebrew." It represented the interests 

orthodox Jews of the city, and set up new and 
^ed standards in Jewish publications. Not long 
the first publication of the "Jewish Messenger," 
Jewish Becord, * ' another orthodox paper appeared, 
12; but though the learned Jonas Bondy was one 
editors, this weekly had but a short life, ceasing 
►ear in the very year in which it was started. 
1871, the first Jewish juvenile paper in English 
its appearance. It was called "Young Israel" 
iras published for thirty years, creating a con- 
ble if not highly valuable, Jewish juvenile litera- 
n English. In the seventies,*the field of Jewish 
ilism began to fill out. In 1871, Raphael de C. 
5 published two monthly journals, "The New 



598 COMMUNAL 

Era" which ran to 1877, and the "Jewish Advc 
which ran from 1879 to 1882. lu 1879 "The Am 
Hebrew, ' ' the most important of American • 
weeklies, made its appearance. It was started 
mouthpiece of the German Jews in America, am 
tinued to be such for many years. Four years 
"The Hebrew Standard" was first published, 
ways regarded itself as the spokesman of the orl 
Jewish interests in New York City. In 1895 a 
interesting periodical, ' ' The American Jcwes 
Jewish woman 's paper, made its appearance, and r 
1899. It had a literary quality, and added consid' 
to the literary output of American Israel. Ai 
woman's paper was the monthly, called "H 
Thoughts," which was published for six years, 
add to the periodicals mentioned, "The Maeeab 




BMBBASnONAL AMD OUIiTUBAL AOENGaHB ^86 

ustive as a puUmher of Judeo-Qerman and Hebrew 

ala, eame to New York City in 1849 as a political 

grant. In New York, he resomed hia profeaiion 

eatabliahed a Qerman weekly, entitled '^Itrael'i 

Id," wbieh he published for the Order B'nai Brith. 

oeW weekly, however, did not last very long, hardly 

months, and Bnseh, ont of sheer revenge, left New 

, and went to St. Lonis, where he became a mnlti- 

maire. The other Jewish publications in Qerman 

even less important. None of them lived more 

a few months. From the point of view of in- 

oe and quality, they could not compare with either 

Jewish press published in English, or with that in 

sther foreign langaage. The use of German, how- 

in the Jewish Press persisted for some time, and 

a few journals in English carried German supple* 

(&.) Hebrew 

the Jewish immigrants, coming from the Slavic 
tries did not absorb American culture, and did not 
ire the English langaage as quickly as their Ger- 
brethren, they did not support their Hebrew Press 
much better than the German Jews supported the 
ih Press in German. Twenty or more Hebrew 
lals, monthly and weekly, were started in New 
, but none with the exception of the first Hebrew 
ly in America, ''Ha Zophe b'Eretz ha Hadosho" 
).1876) and the ''Haibri'' (1892-1902) had the 
lege of a long life. Indeed very few Hebrew peri- 
ls managed to survive a whole year. Either be- 
\ the readers of the Hebrew Press in America were 



li'ress in America dragj^e 
An attempt to run a daily 
failed— the *4Ia Yom/' 
only for a few months wit! 
Mr. Reuben Brainin in If) 
a literary weekly journa 
astrously. At present th 
in New York, **The H 
Though their circulation 
as if they are destined to < 
taken all their Hebrew pn 

(c.) 

We now come to tlie 
Jewish Press — that public; 
portant, because duriny: tl 
it has been productive of u 
visions of the Jewish Pr 
cause in point of radius ( 
other language groups of 
to 1917, there appeared 
hundred and fifty publi«*<i 
pealed to a nuiltitinh.' of i 



uaOaMATuasAi, ahd oaunmAh agencibb 



601 



y* 



We find in Yiddish all sorts of joomals, trade andpro- 
tfwiflnil jomnals^ humorous and serions newspapers, 
bomnflss journals^ while every party in New York Jewry, 
bepnning with the moat orthodox and ending with ,the 
MiiTdiist^ has an organ of its own. We have lived to 
Ke even the publication of a newspaper in Yiddish deal* 
ng with matrimony. 

fhB first Yiddish paper in New York and in America 

was "Die Jiidisehe Post," published and edited in 1872 

^ ^6D]y Qershuni. The enterprise was not a success, 

end the editor, who was a typesetter and newBpai>er 

^der, had to give it up very quickly. The immigra- 

titm from Russia, which later was responsible for the 

phenomenal growth of the Yiddish Press in America, 

hid not as yet assumed the tremendous proportions 

which it attained in the early eighties, but even the 

thin trail of Yiddish-«rpeaking immigrants in America 

had created the need for printing information of what 

was going on in the Jewish world. Benefiting , from 

fluineed, Kasriel Zwi Sarasohn, who was a good business 

•ID, began publishing the Yiddish weekly, *'Die New 

Torker Jfidische Zeitung" in 1872. This first venture 

: ^ Sarasohn !s was not very successful, chiefly because 

«f the language used in the paper, a mixture of German 

and Yiddish, which could not possibly appeal to the Bus- 

dm Jew. But Sarasohn was too far-sighted to abandon 

tte idea of publishing a Yiddish newspaper because this 

ink attempt of his was a failure. Two years after ht 

kad ceased publishing the ''New Yorker Jiidisehe Zeit- 

ungj" he started the ''Jiidisehe Oazetten/' a weekly 

whieh still exists today. Sarasohn 's enterprise soon at- 



widely read forcijrn publicj 
Meanwhile, tli(» orthodox 
influence and in social 
leaning slightly towards 1 
isfied its needs. Besides. ; 
would tell the immigrant 
where he could look for n 
happened in the world ovt» 
When, therefore, in 11)02. 
eessfully experimenting fo 
the Jewish reader by suj 
novels based on the Di 
'Mewish Morning Journnl. 
the very beginning. Fr 
"Morning Jonrnal" n^jrai 
of the orthodox masses in ! 
same Jacob Sai)bii*st»*in Ix* 
kaner/' a weekly joui-nal 
terial for the familv. 

The tide of Jewish in 
America in lOOf). as n r<'si 
|)lace in the snni*' ycjii" in K 

•Alt *»l0'l>»<«t I f M H 1 .ir. .< ll . .»• .'I'V..- 



RBCBEATIONAL AND CWrUKAL AQENOIBS 605 

Jews of New York City was reflected not only through 
the existing publications, but also through the addition 
of new ones. In 1905, Louis E. Miller, formerly associ- 
ated with the "Forward," organized the ''Daily War- 
belt," the first national radical newspaper, of which 
newspaper he continued as editor until 1914. This daily 
was in constant combat with the ''Forward" with which 
it competed for the Socialist circulation. 

Three noteworthy attempts to establish new Yiddish 
dailies in New York City, failed. The first attempt 
was that of the "Yiddische Welt," organized in 
1902 by a group of German Jews for the purpose of 
Americanizing the Jewish masses. The newspaper lasted 
two years and was edited by Joseph Jacobs, and then by 
Jacob de Haas, with the assistance of the Rev. Z. Mas- 
liansky. The "Yiddische Welt" managed to attract a 
considerable amount of Jewish talent, and was on the 
way to becoming very popular when dissensions broke 
out among the members of the managing board, and the 
newspaper had to be discontinued. The second attempt 
was made by the Jewish anarchists of New York City in 
1906 when they started their daily * * The Abend Zeitung. * * 
The newspaper, however, did not live longer than three 
months. The last effort at Yiddish daily journalism was 
made in 1914 by Louis E. Miller, who published "Der 
Pfihrer." The paper was strongly pro-Russian, and 
80 strong was the opposition to it on the part of the 
Jewish masses, that it had to be discontinued before the 
end of ttiree months. The last Yiddish daily to be estab- 
lished was the **Day." It was orpranized in November, 
1914, under the editorship of Herman Bernstein. The 



For financial reasons, the 
a success in America. The oi 
ing are party organs, subsi 
party organizations. Of thes 
belter Stlmme," an anarchist 
1900 and edited by S. Yanofc 
long time a high literary si 
Volk,*' the organ of the Fed 
ists, started in 1909, while '' 
the organ of the Poale Zion, 
continued and then re-establis 
speaking Socialists of the Bi 
organ **Dle Neie Welt," orgf 

Worthy of mention are tl 
which appeared In New York 
cham," edited by Shalkevitch 
Yiddisher Puck," also edited 
1896, '*Der Ashmedai," whicl 
by Morris Rosenfeld and S 
Kibitzer," published in 1908- 
len, ' ' edited by J. Adler and 
in 1910, and ^^Der Kuiides," 
still exists tod a v. 



BSGBIATIONAL AND OUimJRAL AGENCIES 007 

Fieie GeseUsehaft," an anarchist monthly, which was 
potdished from 1895-1902; ''Die ^ie Stimme,'' a 
literary monthly which appeared in 1904, and the '' Yid- 
diadie Znkonfti" a literary Zionistic journal which ap- 
peared in New York under the editorship. of Dr. Charles 
Wortsmann; the ''Familien Journal,'' a literary month- 
ly which appeared from 1911 to 1914, and ' ' Das Neie 
liebeo," a radical national^t publication, edited by Dr. 
Gbim Zhitlowsky, which appeared from 1908-1912. 

Published irregularly are Gh. Minikes' ''Yomtov 
Blotter,'' which has appeared with interruptions since 
1897 and the "Yiddischer Amerikaner Volks-Ealender," 
^eh was edited by Alexander Harkavy, and appeared 
I from 1894-1897. 

4 , 

I Looking back on the history of the Yiddish as well 

: as of the other divisions of the Jewish press in New York 
i Ci^, one cannot help being struck by the closeness with 
which it runs parallel to the entire course of Jewish 
development in New York City. It would seem as if 
every, change in the complexion of New York Jewry 
would register itself in the Jewish press almost auto- 
Biatically. For decades the Jewish press carried on a 
precarious existence. So did American Judaism. Then 
with the rising tide of immigration, first from (Germany, 
then from Russia, there is a corresponding rise in the 
number of Jewish periodicals. But simultaneously with 
this rise there is an increase in the discordant voices in 
the Jewish press. The Jewish publications instead of 
reflecting the entire Jewish life in New York City, re- 
flect only that particular comer of Jewish life nearest 



the various elements composing the 
had time to fuse in the Melting Pot 
munity of New York City. Since 1 
becomes manifest in the Jewish pres 
— ^it is a centripetal instead of a c( 
There is a foreshadowing of the conu 
and a groping after a communal | 
nothing other than the fluctuations 
istering themselves in the Yiddish 
hammer blows of the Russian pogror 
the constant rapidly increasing pre 
within had set in motion new constr 
for a strengthened communal cons( 
ganized Jewish Community in Ne 
Jewish Press, true to its establishe 
fleeted the working of these new : 
ever, either anticipating what was 
retarding the work set in motion 
munity vision. 

II. Present St 

1. The Jewish Press ] 
'"^ A^.^i,^ Tnwi'tjh nress reflects 



BHBBAnBRMi JJf D OUIiTlIBAL AQBN0II8 

ing in BnglMi in New York City, of which three are 
weeklies and two monthlies. The rest, appearing from 
time to time, are of little more than of recording im- 
portance. The EngUah-Jewish preas is, in the second 
place, unlike the Yiddish press, more temperate in char- 
Mter anct with' the exception of, the American Jewish 
Cbonide, which in more ways than one closely resembles 
tte Yiddish pablications, is not given over to projMigan- 
& Third, in its reactions to Jewish life, the Bnglish- 
Jewiih press manifests a dipasaionate and ratiodnative 
intenst, that compares interestingly with the emotional 
ittttode of the Yiddish press. Fonrth, though its infln- 
cnee extends only to the fringes of the Jewish population, 
yet limited as its reading circle is, it does happen to reach 
ttoie who are most influential in Jewish affairs, so that 
I die actual influence of the English-Jewish press is en- 
' tirely out of proportion to its circulation, which does not 
tieeed 15,000 in New York City. Fifth, the English- 
Jewidi press, chiefly because it is issued for the benefit 
«f a reading public which economically and socially pre- 
sents very little variation, lacks that variety which is 
dbe qriee of the Yiddish press. Finally, it lacks original- 
ity and Jewish creative ability and has to rely intellec- 
toally to a very large extent on the Yiddish press. All 
thtt makes the English-Jewish press far less fascinating 
than i>eriiaps it should be. The future may belong to 
the Jewish preas in English, but its present is certainly 
flnr from glorious. 



610 COHHUNAIi RSeiSTKB 

2. PoBEiGN Lanquaoe Pkesb 

(a.) Hebrew 

The Hebrew presa in Nev York shares tliese 
features with the English press :— First, it 
not minister solely to the intellectual needs ol 
readers, who get most of their information from ( 
sources ; and, second, it reaches only a small fringe o: 
Jewish population. But its close resemblance to 
English press does the Hebrew press little good, fo 
the one hand it is regarded by its readers as a soi 
luxury, some of them looking upon the purchase 
Hebrew periodical chiefly as a manner of paying tri 
to their renascent Jewish sentiments, and on the c 
hand the fringe of the Jewish population to which 
Hebrew press eaters, happens to be the least influe; 
—some 8,000 readers of the moat recent immigra 




Bnnunm AL AMD ouimnuL aobnodbb 611 

(&•) JMd90^panisk 
TlM 20,000 Orintal Jews in New York Cily maintain 
two weddj papers: '^La Ameriea" and ''La Bos del 
Pueblo" (The Ydee of the People), both written in 
Jndeo-Spanidi wiUi Hebrew eharaeter& But the'Jew- 
■h press in Jndeo-Spanish or Ladino is even more 
Mr ntnftted than the Hebrew press. From the 
iffitariali of ''La America" it is rather difSenlt to deeide 
idiit pdiegr H porsnes, bat ''La Bos del Pueblo" is pro- 
konuedlj soeialistio. Two other periodicals in Jadeo- 
Spoiidi, "La Benasansia," a Zicmist sheet, and "El 
drtistdi Amerikano," a hnmorons paper, api>ear very 
nqgidailj. For one reason or another, the Jadeo- 
Spsnish press has failed to get a grip on the Oriental 
ramranity. AU the four papers combined have a eir- 
odstimi not ezoeeding 1,500, which is pretty low con- 
odering the sise of the Oriental community in New York 
^. The limited eireulation of the Ladino press may 
erh^is be explained l^ the fact that the Oriental com- 
miity does not form a unit even linguistically, some 
iental Jews speaking Arabic, some Greek, and the rest 
ler languages, while not all of them understand 
'ino. (c.) Oerman 

'he Jewish press in German was never strong in 
' York City, but until America's declaration of 
with Germany, the "Orden's Echo," the monthly 
1 of the Independent Order of True Sisters, 
continued to appear. The war between the 
d States and Germany, however, induced the Inde- 
nt Order of True Sisters to change the language 
3rgan from German to English, thus wiping out at 
*oke the entire German-Jewish press in New York. 



having practically created 
few of the people who ar 
papers in New York City 
while on the other side of 
noted Yiddish novelist, cr 
lie by the publication of hi 
taught the East European 
papers by coming out eve] 
Then, too, the readers of tl 
made readers, have read v 
the Chumosh. The Yidc 
their only education and t 
Here may be found the ( 
Yiddish paper, which is 
of the English newspapcj 
paper is primarily organiz 
the Yiddish paper must ah 
ing short stories, novels, 
theology and politics. It 
influence of the Yiddish \ 
world exon-isos such u nio 
of its readers. Whilo, for 
nolitifnl (^Jindidntc in X«»\v 



nOBKAinONAL AND OUIiTUBAL AOBNOOB 618 

flpi^ were gmn to the Post Office on October Itt, 
1917, Igr an the Yiddish dailies: 

The Day 65,869 

The Forward ^ 148,560 

The Jewish Daily News 55,000 

The Jewish Morning Journal 87,322 

The Jewish Daily Wahrheit 50,241 

TUs gi^es us 411,492 as the total number of copies of 
tte Tiddiflh papers ietctually sold every day in the United 
States. Since three-quarters of the total number of 
eopies is sold in New York City we find that 308,619 
copies are sold in New York City daily. On the aasump- 
tion that a person buys two papers a day, divide this 
Bomber by 2 and we get 154,309 people who buy Yid- 
didi papers in New York City every day. Knowing as 
' ve do that every pai>er bought is read by at least three 
people including the buyer, multiply 154,309 by three 
and we get a total of 462,937 as the number of Jews of 
New York City who come within the radius of influence 
of Yiddish pai)ers day in and day out. Great as these 
^.%areB are for 1917, they were even greater in 1916, 
irbtA Yiddish papers sold for a penny a copy instead of 
two cents as is the case now. In 1916, the total cir- 
colatioD of all Yiddish dailies was 532,697, that is, 121,- 
16 more than in 1917. Subjecting the figure of 532,- 
^097 to the same calculations, as we have subjected the 
r.fgare of 411,492, that is, the circulation for the year 
'^917, we get a total ot 599,283 readers of Jewish dailies 
^ New York City in 1916, a net sxirpl^ o^®' 1^^'^ ^^ 
pl36,356. This means that the change of the Yiddish 



bought one paper, buy none 
The huge sum spent b\ 
Yiddish dailies, should giv< 
the radius of influence of t 
308,619, that is, the daily c 
for 1917 by the 365 days ii 
645,935. From this total d< 
times the added eirculatio: 
Journar* and the ''Jewish 
appear on Saturdays and 
we will get a circulation in 
to 106,241,445 per annum, 
annual circulation in New Y 
by $.02, we obtain the amoi 
Jewry of New York City fc 
dish, which is $2,124,828.90. 
But the Yiddish dailies, th 
ant part, are by no means tl 
sides the five dailies, there ] 
cations in New York appe 
and monthlies, covering a 
appealing to a multitude of 



WMaaau!ao«AL ahd ouLifDHAif AOBNanB 615 

the eanmuiiity has been proportionate to the power it 
wMdL Ab an instmment for the Americanisation of 
tba Tnnnca of Jewiah immigrants settled on thd East 
ffidfl^ the Yiddish press has been invaluable. Assuming 
it the TOry beginning an American charaeter, the Yid- 
diih newspapers have instilled in their multitude of 
iMden the spirit of American life, making possible the 
ntdligent oitiwnship and loyal American sentiment 
Amnd on the East Side. The great usefulness of the 
Tiddidi press is demonstrated also in the conscientious 
ngOanee over the welfare of the community and in its 
lostering and encouraging of Jewish institutions which 
eirry on the charitable and educational work of the 
Jewish community. In addition, the Yiddish press, by 
[ serving for so many years as a common channel for in- 
s fonnation and education of the large and heterogeneous 
: Jewish masses of New York City, created that indis- 
pensable modicum of communal apperception without 
which no communal activity would be possible. If we 
add to this the fact that the Jewish newspapers have 
goided the Jewish masses to an understanding and ap- 
preciation of modem literary forms, we have the out- 
standing features of the character of the Yiddish press. 
It should be remarked, however, that this exercise of 
power is not unattended by certain abuses. But the 
Jatter are almost unavoidable when power is wielded as 
oranipotently as it is in the Yiddish press. The Yiddish 
press has not always been able to resist successfully the 
temptation to allure its readers with cheap stories of 
f's0x" interest, and its attitude towards Jewish institu- 
and movements as well as prominent i>ersonalities 



press an immisiaKauie i^aium^ 
ception of tlie community as 
standing of the character of 
the Yiddish press is beginnir 
which the Jewish Community 
ing itself into a firmed' and mor 
it may now l)e hoped, tlie Yid 
f!illy embody. 



TABLB 1 

WING BADIUB OF INFLUBNOB OF NKW TORK 

YIDDISH DAIIilBS 



NAMB OF DAILT 


DAILY CIKCULATION 


\ 


1916 


1917 




8M29 


66,869 


. ••• •..^•■•■•••■. •■•■•■ 




d 


198,892 


148,660 






I>ail7 News 


65,140 


66»000 






Morning Journal 


108,602 


87,822 


Daily Warheit 


89434 


66,241 






1 number of copies sold in 
nited States daily 


532.697 


411.492 







.1 number of copies sold in 
nited States dally 


532,697 


411,492 






.1 number of copies sold In 
ew York City daily 


399,523 


308,619 


il number of buyers of Yid- 
sb dailies in New York 
ty 


199,761 


154,309 


•*'j •••••••• 


i\ number of readers In New 
ork City 


599,283 


462.927' 







•unt spent in New York City i 

iT annum $1,384,620.05 



$2,124,828.90 





l"nlllO 


- 




1B3IPBM 


"- - 


i 


,.IUO!Z 


--"- 


s 


"■"!'» 




"!'"-""^ 


- 




x.p.,« 


" "- 


^ 


...,„„-..„ 


- 


^ 


,.„.„u. 


- 


S 


IBllIIMS 


- " - 


a 


^.IB.JOUIJQ 


- 



619 



A JA9T OF JEWISH FBRIODIGAIiB PUBIilSHBD IN 
NEW YORK CITY PREVIOUS TO 1017* 



BNGLISH 



Monthly. 182S-1824. 
JBdltor: Solomon H. Jackson. 
Anti-Missionary. 



Weekly. 1849- 
X858. Editor: Robert Lyon. 
Political. Rellfflous, Literary. 



Week- 
ly. 1867 - 190S. Orthodox. 
Merged with "The American 



»» 



Weekly. 
1862. Editors: Abr. & Cohen. 
Jonas Bondy. Orthodox. 



Monthly. 1871- ? 
B^ditors: Louis Schnabel and 
others. Juvenile. II 1 u s - 
trated. Title changred to 
"Israel's Home Journal" (in 
1901). 



Ifew Em. Monthly. 1871- 
1876. Editor: Raphael D*C. 
L^win. Literary. 



"Weekly. 
B^ditors: 



Hebrew. 

1876 (8 months). 
S N. Leo. 



Month- 
ly. 1879 - 1886. Editor: 
Raphael D'C. Lewin. Liter- 
ary. 



Hebrales. Monthly. 1879. 
Supplement to "The Jewish 
Messenffer." Literary. 

The Amerlesa Hebrew. Week- 
ly. 1879. Informational and 
Literary. Since 1904, The 
American Hebrew and Jew- 
ish Messenffsr. 



The Hebrew 

ly. 1888. 
Salomon, 
cesser to 
Leader." 



Standard. Week- 

Editor: J. P. 

Orthodox. Suc- 

"The Hebrew 



The Hebrew Joamal. Weekly. 
1886- ? Editor: Joseph Davis. 
Conservative. 

The Meaomh. Mostkly. 1886- ? 
Editors: B. P. Peixotto — 
then Morltz Ettin^er. Lit- 
erary, Scientific. Orgran of 
the B'nai B'rlth. 

The Americas Jewess. Quar- 
terly. 1895-1899. Editor: 
Rosa Sonneschein. Religri- 
ous. Social, Literary. 

The Mostellore. Monthly. 
1896- ? Bulletin of Youn^ 
Ladies and Gentlemen's 
League of the Monteflore 
Home. 



*This list does not claim to be exhaustive. Manjr Jewish periodicals 
re been so short-lived that even the public libraries have no trace of 
tf>^*— All that could be done was to catalo^Tue the Jewish periodicals to 
%m fotmd ia the New York Public Library and the Library of the Jewish 
^hee^og^CMl Seminary of America, and this the present list does. It was 
coaa^Ued by Joseph Marcoshes of the staff of the "Day." 



*iS»-7 0«an of cl»b, * 
BducfttlonH Alliance, k* 
porta. Llterwy. Pounfed as 
"AUlwce Club New*. 
PMivUet Uh<MtT. Monthly 
W?0. Bflltor-. Mi"""! 8'"V, 
Hlitorlcftl. Literary. Zlonlei. 
Tk. M«e«.k.«». Monthly. 

l>al. IJterary, Zlonlit. 

i««l H«-e Jo-rm-l. Monthly. 

"tSi.l Editor: M. C. Gun.- 

"«",. Literary, niu.trated. 

Suoeewor to Toii«b Ii«el. 

Gk.rttT WMfc. New Tork 
"^rtnlSbtly. "0J-? Bd.lo- 
M« Cohen— for the United 
Hebrew Charities. 
JawlA Okarlty. Monthly- 
IfOl BdltorL Jo-eph Jaeoba. 
Leo K rrankol. For the 
UnUed Hebrew (n.arlt... 
(^rmerly "Charity Work ). 
TM Mew Bra lll«rt«"t»^ "•"- 
^J^ Monthly. 1908. Edi- 
tor- Iildore Lewi. Contlnu- 
Ine' the New Bra Jewt.h 
Masa^ln*' °' Boston, Mb 
Literary. 
Th» Jn»l»t> Homf. Month > 



■fWATWirjao JUK0 cmmnuh a< 



rj KMiii : 



681 



Weekly. 1S49 
U iBontlui). Sdltor: Isldor 
^<>*eli. Orsan of the ViiaS 

BrttiL 



Monthly. 18t4. 
OtteUa orvan of the "Inde- 
PtQdent Ordor of Vmo 8lo- 



Dir 

Iditor: a 
Utwary. 



Wookly. 
Wlonor. 



1187. 
News. 



JwdoBthnM. Wookly. 
189S. Editor: Ehnll Horslleld. 
Fraternity News. 

Jade. Weekly. 1888. 
Bklltor: M. Sinflrer. Title 
changed to Jnedleoher An- 
selffer, with No. 11. Nowi, 
Literary. 



Monthly. 1899. 
William Broch. 



Editor: 
Zionist. 



■RCOdSH JOVBMAIM WITH' OBKMAH SUFPI^BMBOITS 



"V^ Jewtah TtaiM, New York. 
Weekly (Enfflieh - Oerman). 
Sitablished 1889-1879. Edi- 
ton: Morlts EtUnffer, Har- 
ney M. Marks (1878-79). 
SdentlflCp rabbinic, literary. 
Heterm: Title, "The Re- 
corner and Jewish Times." 

''^Jewteli lfewa» New York. 

Weekly. Established 1871. 



Editor: Jacob Cohen.. Eng- 
lish, German. Hebrew. Yid- 
dish. 



Jewtoh Refomer, New York. 
Weekly. Established 1888. 
Editors: K. Kohler. E. O. 
Hirsch and Adolph Moses. 
Reform: English and Ger- 
man. 



HEBREW 



Weekly. 1870-1878. Editor: 
Hordecal ben David Yehal- 
imsteln. News. Literary. 



<)iiarterly. 1881. Literary. 
fOnly one numbor.) 

Weekly. 1888-1889. Editor: 
B4>hralm Delnard. 88 num- 
l>«rs. last 8 numbers in 
Kewark. N. J. News. Liter- 



Weekly. 1889. Editor: Mi- 
chael S. Rodkinsohn. News. 
Literary. Only few numbers. 

Weekly. 1889-1890. Editor: 
Michael S. Rodkinsohn. Lit- 
erary, News. One number 
appeared at Chicagro. Sept. 
24, 1893. 

Fortnigrhtly. 1890. Editor: 
M L. Rodkinson. Literary. 
Theolosrical. Political. 



Moses Goldman, kjihj vt*^ 
number. Literary and bel- 
letrlstlc. 

nDKn 

Monthly. 1894-1896. Editor: 
Hayim Enowitz. Literary. 

Monthly. 1895-1897. Editors: 
Abr. RoB^nbersr. then Sam- 
uel B. Schwartzbergr. For 
the Society Meflze Sifrut 
Israel. Literary. Belletris- 
tic. Historical. 

Weekly. 1896-1896. Editors: 
Hayim Enowitz and Joseph 
Gabreelow. (Only 6 months.) 
Literary, News. 

nynn t7 

Monthly. 1896. Editor: Ch. 
Enowitz. Literary. 

Monthly. 1899. Editor: Ger- 
son RosenzweiK. (Only 6 
months.) 

Monthly. 1900- ? Historical. 
Belletristic. Zionistic. 

1901. Editors: Solomon Judi- 
son and Pinchas Turb«Tj?. 



Emmm^TmnAh and cuunmAh agenoibs 



628 



JUDBO — SPANISH 



^^ AiMrii 
Mltor: M. 



Weekly. 
& Oadol. 



1910. Las Bos Ael Pveblo. Weekly. 
1916. Socialist. 



JUDSM> — SPANISH 



Weekly. 1872. Bdltor: 
Henry Gershoni. News, Lit- 
•nry. 

WeeUy. 1972. Editor: K. 
H. Sarasohn. Carman in He- 
brew characters. 

Weekly. 1974. Weekly edi- 
tion of Juedisches Tasreblatt. 
Bditor: K. H. Sarasohn. 

Weekly. 1876. Editor: 
Mordechai Tohalimstein. 

^i9«fs Dp^B irvn«M 

Weekly. 1879. Editors: M. 
Taplowsky, G. Landau. So- 
cialistic, Atheistic. 



DaUy. 1996. News. 
dox. 



Ortho- 



Weekly. 1996. News. Lit- 
erary. 

4910*^9 jnrn'ii ippi|>' v^ 

Weekly. 1996-1899. Editor: 
Morris Wechsler. Literary, 
Orthodox. 

Weekly. 1996. Editors: N. 
Rayersky, Abr. Cahan. So- 
cialist (only few numbers). 



Weekly. 1986-1987. Editors: 
Moses Mints, Dr. Braslav- 
sky. Socialist. 

43101131 jnDnn»oi*?»n ippii^* V2 

Fortnisrhtly. 1987-1888. Edi- 
tor: Abr. Goldfaden. Illus- 
trated, Literary (only 17 
numbers). 

Weekly. 1887. Editor: 
Q. Selikowich. Then weekly 
edition of "Der Tae^licher 
Herald" and now of "The 
Warheit." News, Literary. 

Weekly. 1887. Editor: Dr. 
Rayevsky. Literary, Social- 
istic. 



Weekly. 1888. 
Louie Schnabel. 



Editor: 
Comic. 



Weekly. 1888. Editors: Da- 
vid Apotheker and Morris 
Wechsler. News, General. ^ 

Weekly. 1889. Anarchist. 
(Only 20 numbers.) 

naniBinn ijrT 

Weekly. 1889-1890. Editors: 
J. Jaflfa (Nos. 1-8). Then 
Joseph Petrikovsky (20 
numbers). Literary. 



Utanry. Belletrtstlo. 

Wsekly. 18BB. Gdlta 
Jklltt. Cotnlo. 



>allT. ISBO. Editor 
Sellkowlch. (Only IS i 
bera). 



W«ekly. I8( 



18(0. Editors 
Habum IL Bhilkswlti. Ut- 
arary. Nawa, Comic. 

Waakly. 18»0-ltOt. Sunday 
sdltlon of th* Abend Blalt. 

Waakly. 11)0. Editor: Job- 
TC)h A. Blnealone. Ztonlat 

Waekly. lllO-lBtS. Editor: 
Oalaa Wagmad. Newa. 



Mlohael Hint*. 

1" «1 

Weekly. 18)1. Bdltora: I 

Ha Roaenfeld. Joel Aron 
Jacob Terr. News, LItPr 



I I 



MMOmJktmSJkh AMD OUIAITBAIi ACOBNOm 



. lS04-ltf7. Sdltor: 
ler Harkavy (FInt 
9lumMi called "D^r 
anUcher Tolka-kal- 
) Informative. Ut- 



1804-1902. Orsan of 
lallst Labor Party. 

jn 

ly: 1894. Bdltors: 
Rosenfeld, Ab. Sbar- 
Comle. 

n 

r. 1894. BMltor: 8ol- 
r. Silbersteln. (Only 
reeks.) • 

y. 1896-1902. Editors: 
ntiev. M. Kats. An- 
Ic. 

1899-1905. Bdltom: 
itein, Rosenbaum 



^ 1896-? Sooialistlc. 

yn Yearly. 1897-1899. 
: Y. K. Pomerans. 

r niB«2 

y. Jacob Terr. 1897- 
Only 8 montha) Lit- 



y. 1897. Editor: Abr. 
Lrkanslcy. Literary, 
latic. 



Monthly. 1297*1298. Sdltor: 
Alexander QarkaTy. Liter* 
ary. Artistic. (10 numbera.) 

Daily. 1291 Sodallet. ^ 

Jewish and American Holi- 
days. 1897-1899. Editor: Ch. 
Minikes. Literary, Bellet* 
ristia 



ens n 

Monthly. 1897-1898. 
Menachem Dolitsky. 
ary. Zionist. 



Editor 
Ltter- 



Monthly. 1898. Editor: Isaac 
Melrky. For the Ohale Zlon. 
Zionitftic (only 4 months). 

Weekly. 1898. Orgran of 
the Zionist Societies of IT. 8. 

Weekly. 1898. Or^an of the 
Kolel American Tlferet 
Yerushalayim. 

Weekly. 1898. Bulletin of 
the Federation of Zionists. 

Weekly. 1898. Editors: N. 
Bra^lavsky, J. Jaffe, Abner 
Tannenbaum. Radical. 

Monthly. 1898-1899. Socialist/ 

Daily. 1898. Editor: Q. 
Selikowich. News (Only few 
months). 



COIUIUNAL REQISTER 



Dally. 1899. Orsan r 
United Hebrew. Tradei 



tly. 1899-7. Weekly edi- 
Df New Yorker Abend 
News, Literary. 



Saphlrsteln. News. Ort 

Weekly. 1904-T Org 
(he United Hi-brow t 
at the State of New T 

Weekly. 1B04. Infam 
Literary. 




uEoaauLTUMhij and ouiiruRAL Aomscfom 



92fr 



17. 10OS. Weakly Pub- 
*n of the Dally For- 
Literary. Follttcal, 
riaUa 

PP31I n 

190$. JSdltor: S. 
'•ky. (Only three 
18.) AnarchlBtic 

t h 1 y . 1$06. BSditor: 

»Krans. Political, Llt- 

(Only few numbers.) 



kly. 

18. 



1908-1912. Hu- 



Big Stick.) Weekly, 
irs since 1908. Humor- 



ly. Orgran of the So- 
; orgranixatlon "Poale 
of America." 1907-8. 
tablished 1918. 



ly. Establiahed 
Paper. 



1908. 



liahed 1908. Orgran of 
iwlBh. Agrricultural and 
:rlal Aid Society. Trade 



Monthly. 1908«-1918. Bdltor: 
Or. Ch. ZhitlOTtky. Literary, 
Timely Topics. Critic. 

Weekly. 1909. Orsran of tha 
Federation of Am. Zionists. 

Weekly. 1910. Neighbor- 
hood Paper. 

Tjrpja iirv»Tn ijn 

Weekly. 1910- ? Orffan' of 
the Bakers' Union. 

* . ■ ■ 

Weekly. 1910. Editor: Jacob 
Adler and Isaac Relss. 
Comic (only '4 numbers). 

i:ij^ jr»o D|>T 

Weekly. 1911-1918. Editor: 
Abraham Reisen. Literary, 
Illustrated (only 8 months), 
(only 8 months.) 



Monthly. 1911-1914. 
ary. 



Liter- 



Weekly. 1912-1918. Editor: 
Abraham Reisen. Literary 
Belletristic (only 4 months.) 

Weekly. 1912. Editors: Da- 
vid Plnski. Joseph Schloss- 
berff. Literary (only 14 
numbers). 



ily. 1908. Editor: Dr. 
m Wortsmann. (Only 3 
iTU in N. Y.) Literary, 
tic. 



Weekly. 1918. Orsaii of 
"Federation of Yiddish- 
speakinsT Socialists of Amer- 
ica.'* Socialist-Bundist. 



Daily. 1914. Editor: Her- 
man Bernstein (till 1916). 
then William Bdlin. Liberal, 
Nationalistic. 

Weekly. 1916. Trade, Paper. 



"AmalsTf 
Workeri 
Union O 

Monthly 
Rabbi S 
dox. (C 



A LIST OF JirWISH PERIODIOAL8 
NEW YORK GITT DURIN* 



DAILIBS 



Tke Jewlak Dally New*, 186- 
187 B. B'way. Daily (Bngr- 
lish Section). Betablished 
1886. Bdltor: G. Bubllck. 
Republican in politics. Or- 
thodox, Zionist Critical to- 
wards efforts at Jewish 
Communal organisation. 
Circulation Oct. 1, 1917, 
66.000. 

^IjanivT \v^')i$o nyttfn»K ijtt 

Tke Jewlek MomlBv Joanuil* 

77-79 Bowery. Daily. Betab- 
lished 1902. Only morning: 
newspaper In Yiddish. Bdi- 
tor: Peter Wiernik. Repub- 
lican in politics. Orthodox. 
Devotes much space to com- 
munal activities. Clrcula- 



r ad leal. 
1917: 6E 

Tke Day 

Dally. 

Hermar 

Willi 

partisai 

al-radi( 

pathetit 

Jewish 

and ins 

high lit 

culatloi 



Portrari 



SBOBBATIONAIi AND CUI^!UHAL AGSN0IB8 



WBEXLY FAMILY JOURNAI^S 



CkxoBlcle. 
%% W. '€2nd St. Weekly. Es- 
tablished 191$. Bditor: Dr. 
8. IC Melamed. Zionist and 
cultural. Maintains critical 
attitude toward attempts at 
Jewish communal organisa- 
tion. 

Tke AMeiicsM Hebrew, 44 E. 

SIrd St. Weekly. Estab- 
Uihed 1879. Editor: Herman 
Bernstein. Informative 
with nationalist leanlngre- 
Very often reflects the 
views of Influential New 
York Jews. Maintains sym- 
pathetic attitude toward 
Jewish communal problems 
and institutions. 

*nie Hebrew Staadmrd, 87 

Nassau St Weekly. Estab- 
lished 1888. Orthodox. Main- 
tains critical attitude to- 
ward attempts at Jewish 
communal orsanlaatlon. 



Der Aaaerleaaer, 77 Bowery. 
Weekly. Established 1906. 
Published by Jewish Morn- 
ins Journal. Family journal. 
Literary and informative. 

Jlldtoche GasetteB, 185-187 E. 
B-way. Weekly. Established 
1874. Weekly edition of the 
Jewish Daily News. Ortho- 
dox. 

Miller's IVeekly, 161 Canal 
St. Weekly. Established 
1917. Editor: Louis E. Mil- 
ler. National-radical. 

La America, 197 Eldrldffe St. 
Judeo-Spanish Weekly. Es- 
tablished 1910. Editor: M. 
S. Gadol. Informative. 



WEEKLY PARTY ORGANS 



i)f0 irvntM D«*i 

Dm YIdilake Folk, 44 B. 23d 

St. Weekly. Editor: Dr. S. 
M. Melamed. Established 
1909. Yiddish or^an of the 
"Federation of American 
Zionists." 

Der Ylddlsher Kaempfer. 266 

Grand St. Weekly. Editor: 
D. Plnski. Orsran of Social - 
lat Orflranisation "Poale Zion 
of America." 



nnyn 

Halbri, 86 Orchard St. He- 
brew Weekly. Established 
1910. Editor: Rabbi M. Ber- 
lin. Mizrachi. 

Hatoren, 89-91 Delancey St. 
Hebrew Weekly. Established 
in 1918 as monthly, and in 
1916 as weekly. Editors: Dr. 
Schmaryahu Levin and J. D. 
Berkowitz. Zionist and cul- 
tural. 



America. 
Frele Arbelter Stlmmc. 167 £:. 



MONTHLY C 

Tke MaecftlMieut, 44 E. 28d St. 

Monthly. Established 1901. 
Published under supervision 
of Federation of American 
Zionists. t 



Menorak Joamal, 600 Madison 
Ave. Bi-Monthly (except In 
July.) Established 1915. 
Published by the Intercol- 

PROFES8IONAL AND 1 

The Jewish Farmer, 172 2nd 
Ave. Monthly. Established 
1908. Or^an of the "Jewish 
Asrrlcultural and Industrial 1 
Aid Society." 

Batchera^ Journal A Poultry 

Masaatae, 140 Rivington St. 

Weekly. Established 1915. 

1 

The Grooers* Guide and Mnil. 



flBGUAnOHlAL AMD ODi^USAL A( 



rj KMiii 



mi 



ih Weekly. BsUbUahed 

Orsmn of fAmalsa- 

I Clothing Work«n of 



•• 



Squaro. 



>w tl Union 

ly orsnn of "J 

I Workora of Anarloa." 

nr WoilWt i Jackson 
Lonff ISlnnd Cttj. Tld- 
Weekly (Bn^lloh 8ec- 
Orsan of tho Inter- 
nal Far Workers' 
I of the United States 
Canada. 



Tfee I<adlc# Calien t Woskoiy 

SS Union Sanare. Ylddieii 
and BngUsh Monthly. Ofgrnn 
of ^'International li a d 1 e s * 
Oarment Workers' Union." 

me OlelekkeM, It W. Slat BL 
Weekly. Orsan of the In- 
dies' Waist A Dressmakers* 
Union, Iiooal No. SS, Inter- 
national Ladles' Oarment 
Workers' Union. 

The Naye Pest, S8-40 B. Snd 
^t Yiddish Weekly. Orffaa 
of thS Joint Board of the 
Cloak & Skirt Makors' 
Union. 



OBNBRAIi BUSIMESS PAPERS 



DP? ^3 

m Reeerd, 149 Canal St. 



Weekly. Devoted to business 
methods. Editor: S. Mason. 



OROANnBATIOlll BULLBTIlfS 



m BnlletiB, 

w B'way. Monthly. Es- 
ihed ISIS. Orgran of the 
brew Sheltering and 
grrant Aid Society.' 



•f 



I Worken^ Telee, 89 

iisey St Yiddish Month- 



ly. Established 1914. Organ 
of "Jewish National Work- 
ers' Alliance." 

The FHead, 176 B. B'way. 
Monthly. Orgran of the 
"Arbeiter Ring." Organised 
1910. 



NKIGHBORHOOD JOVRNALS 



[■ym - BiwwnsTllle Post, 

Pitkin Ave., B'klyn. 

■b Weekly. Established 



Progress, 1746 Pitkin Ave.. 
B'klyn. Yiddish Weekly. 



Education. 



•• 



YIddlBke Kinder Welt. 89 De- 
lancey St. Yiddish Monthly. 
Published by "National Rad- 
icale Schulen Verband." 

HUMOROUS 1 

O ro — g r K«Bdee (Tlflb Rl'ir 
Stlek). 200 B. B'way. Hu- 
morous Weekly. Editor: 
Jacob MarinofT. Established 
1908. 

ANNUA 

SemlnaiT Studentn' Annnal, 

681 W. 188d St. English and 
Hebrew. Established 1914. 




3S1TB PICTURB OP THE PRINCIPAL JBWI8R 
rSPAPBRB AND PERIODICALS PUBLISHBD Dt 
N«W TORK CITT 



Economic Agencies 



[ 



637 

INDUSTRIAL PROBLEM OF THE JEW IN 

NEW YORK CITY 

By Paul Abelbon 
Director, Bureau of Industry 

The Jew in industrial life in this city presents a dis- 
tinct and separate problem. The problem is due largely 
if not exclusively to the fact that the overwhelming 
majority of the Jewish employers and workers in this 
city belong to the first generation of immigrants, and 
these Jewish employers and Jewish workers find them- 
selves confronted with a number of new and difBcnlt 
situations. 

The scope of occupational endeavor in small com- 
munities in Eastern Europe was necessarily limited, and 
partook more of the nature of the economic life of the 
mediaeval town. Here in the metropolis, trades and oc- 
cupations are national in scope, and the field of com- 
petition and the strain of changing conditions is a 
thousand fold greater. Industries in which Jews pre- 
dominate in New York City are of but recent develop- 
ment. Many such trades employing tens of thousands 
of workers, with hundreds of establishments, were actu- 
ally not in existence ten or fifteen years ago. There 
are no definitely established standards of methods or 
of technique. These standards are gradually being 
evolved and developed. Jewish occupations are inter- 
related and form one group of the needle industry. 

Jewish trades are, moreover, highly seasonal in their 
character". The workers in these trades, many of them 






have to be managed and organized 
force, which has to acquire the req 
hazard manner, without planned 
education. A resultant over-suppl; 
trades and a lack of supply of labo 
acteristie phenomenon of this com 
size of the city, the extent of the 
number of workers and employers 
but impossible to organize and co* 
ment market with adequate empk 
manding the confidence of employe] 

The chaotic condition of the nee 
is accompanied by very unsatisf act 
employers and employees. The ap] 
to strikes aud lockouts is a great 
carries with it untold distress and i 
hatred, hostility and class-warfare, 
thing else tends to destroy the 
harmony among the Jews' of the cit 

Of necessity, individual trades 
able to cope with the economic ma 
ficult problems which this situatioi 
enflrineerincr of a hi^^hor order can 






ECONOMIO AGSNCIES 689 

deavor to deal with one or the other of the difficulties 
that confront the Jews of New York, whose rootrcauses 
can be traced to the industrial problems of the Jew. But 
only by interrelated study and effort can anything con- 
atructiye be deneloped and carried out. 

These efforts must be directed along four distinct 
lines: 

1. Jewish communal effort must devote itself to the 
task of securing all the saliqnt facts bearing on 
the subject, and of interpreting their vital signi- 
ficance. 

2. The employment problem must be faced through 
the creation of employment bureaus. 

3. Attention must be given to the problem of voca- 
tional guidance and training of the Jewish boys 
and girls, as well as of adult immigrants. The 
industries in which Jews are engaged will be 
dried up at their source with the cessation of 
immigration from Bussia, which is inevitable in 
the changed world conditions at the end of the 
war. 



4. The continual strife between employer and em- 
ployee must be reduced to a minimum. Sane and 
f rational methods must be evolved, and industrial 

peace fostered and supported by the combined 
intelligence, moral force and influence of the 
Jewish community as a whole. 

What is the promise of the future? Those who are 

^ in daily contact with the difficulties and perplexities of 

the situation are often discouraged by the outlook. 

There is, however, no reason for despondency. If one 



COMMUNAI' RBOISTBB 



iidies objectively the course of Jewish industrial I 
luring: the past two deeades, he must inevitably be i 
Ireseed with the sure signs of improvement and of tl 
levelopmeiit of a sense of communal responsibility. ' 
Tillective conscience of groups, whethef of employers U 
: workers or of tradesmen, is slowly asserting it» 
le work that is being done by communal agencies fl 
3 field of non-commercial employment work, in t 
Jducatiou, in the organization of the workers, 
Irganization of employers, and in "financing" the s; 
ptisan or trader through the Free Loan Afsociatioi 
Ind Credit Unions, as described in special articles i 
nis Register, is an earnest of the isolated and separall 
bdeavors that are being made to meet the group needi 
1 the economic life of the Jew. 
I Out of it all is sure to come a realization of the need 



641 



NON - COMMERCIAL EMPLOYMENT 
BUREAUS IN THE JEWISH COM- 
MUNITY OF NEW YORK CITY 

By Joseph Gedalecia 

The Jewish unemployment problem is specific and 
unique not because we artificially isolate the question, 
but because our people present definite and unique char- 
acteristics, rooted in inherited historical and economic 
factors. Moreover, the labor situation in the metropolis 
is not related ; with the result that the competition for 
jobs reaches abnormal proportions. 

If the above considerations apply correctly to the 
eflScient Jewish worker, with how much greater force 
do they apply to the semi-eflBcient laborer, whose handi 
cap is serious enough to bar him from the best jobs, but 
not serious enough' to render him economically useless 
To make use of whatever ability the sub-eflBcient worker 
may have, by finding the right kind of jobs for him, and 
to educate employers to a more social concept of the 
handicapped types (the schlemiel, the neurotic, the help- 
less idealist, the mechanic -whose eflBciency is lower than 
the standard of his trade), the miscellaneous group of 
men whose view of life has been warped by unfavor- 
able circumstances, is one of the most pressing problems 
confronting the Jewish Community. 

The bulk of the Jewish workers are immigrants. A 
skilled mechanic on his arrival here finds that he has to 
learn the language, join the union where there is one 
in his trade, and take his chance of procuring employ- 



iiurope. ijiven il a capable and 
he finds the opportunities for em: 
the number of available men. 1] 
meets with a strong prejudice aga 
a Sabbath observer, he will find 
are closed to him. 

To meet this situation, the resul 
omic conditions, there exist in tl 
employment agencies which may 
commercial Employment Bureaus, 
at the end of this article, giving i 
with a description of tlieir activ 
will show at a glance the kind o 
forming. 

Do these employment agencies c 
of the unemployment situation in I 
they realized the maximum efficien( 
the reasons? Have they surveyed 
acquainted themselves with the 
in various lines of industry 1 Sigi 
tlie aforementioned agencies has 
fully realized their possibilities. ' 
itations under whicrh they operate 



ECONOMIC AGENCIES 643 

Advantage of to their fullest extent. Lack of co-ordina- 
tioii between these employment agencies necessitates the 
solicitation for vacancies of the same employers by sev- 
eral of them at the same time. Such duplication of 
work and harassing of the employers do upt tend to 
convert them, but rather engender antagronism to the em- 
ployment bureaus. The employment agencies in their 
treatment of the problem of employment are guided by 
individual prejudice and by their misiiifonnatiou. If 
they would pool their knowledge, resources and ma- 
chinery and approach the problem from a communal 
viewpoint, better results could be attained. Therefore, 
the most elementary need in order to improve their serv- 
ices to the community is to divide the territories so as 
to locate properly agencies and eliminate (Mnifusion. in 
order that a certain type of applicant for employment 
i^iding in one Borough may not have to apply for a 
job in a different Borough. This would also result in 
the elimination of agencies not located in convenient 
districts. 

The lack of trained workers understanding the un- 
employment situation and the cliaracteristics of Jewish 
workers, is a serious handioa}), as the efficient handlinjr 
of the problem requires sympathetic treatment of the 
applicants and business knowledge in dealing with the 
employers. A clearing house for employment agencies 
to act as a central bureau for information for applicants 
and for separate agencies is necessary. The Employ- 
ment Bureau of the Jewish Commnnity was the pioneer 
in suggesting such a clearinjr house. This su^^prestion 
was adopted recently by the Mayor's Committee of Na- 



COHUUHAli BZaifiTEB 

il Defense; but Hie idea is capable of exteusioa, 

I a clearing house should have two objects. Fin^ 

■cientific survey of the industries in New York Cig 

1 the collecting of such data as will show their needl 

i opportunities as well as the peculiar condJtioiu prfr 

jf in each industry in which Jews mostly engag* 

B to be accompanied by propaganda and publioiff 

■ create operiiugs for applicants, which could be cUai; 

1 on simple and accurate records, and transmitted 

lily by bulletins to the various agencies handling tla 

s of help indicated. Secondly, an efBcient method d 

laling with applicants so that they will be referred tl 

! proper agencies and the proper jobs. Duplicatica 

I agencies either amongst employers or employees cooU 

I that way he eliminated, and at the wame time pro« 

I the employer that agencies are conducted on practicd 



.■" - ' 



BObmOlflRI AiiBDf ODB 



loDK thMB' liiiBt iPB most wock and oonoentnte all 
■riUa dbariM. Batkipal handling of the pxoUflm of 
MBq^cifBifliit by tfaa agmeiea will spedfieally deereaae 
m nimdMr off muiiipldgrod Jews in our oommonity. 



Is 



II 1 



647 



liist of Jewish Xon-Ooiuinercial Employment 
Bureaus in New York City 



COMMUNIT¥ EMPIiOTMENT BUR£AU FOR THE 

HANDICAPPED 

(Fbrmeriy Alllllated with the KehlUah) 

856 Second ATenue 

Manager, Joseph Gedalecia. Caters to all trades. Makes 
specialty of finding employment for handicapped. Number 
of placements In 1917: 1,164. 



FEDERATED EAfPLOYMENT BUREAU FOR ^JEWISH 

GIRLS, 60 West 89th Street 

Pres., Mrs. Alexander Kohut, 302 W. 87th St. Sec'y, Mrs. 
Francis D. Pollak, 66 W. 77th St. Director, Mrs. Edgar H. 
Strakosch, 208 W. 108th St. Established: January, 1915, 
at the Emergency Relief Committee. Reorganized October, 
1915, as* the Federated Employment Bureau for Jewish 
Girls. 2,000 placements were made in 1916. PURPOSE: 
"To conduct a free employment office for Jewish girls 
and women and to act as a clearing house for all cooperat- 
ing Jewish organizations." ACTIVITIES: "Makes an in- 
tensive study of Industrial problems affecting Jewish girls 
and women, and Is attempting, through a constructive pro- 
gram, to give better service to the employer and to create 
a better future for the employee." 



For other Employment Bureaus, in the Table, see under: 

T^omen'* Hebrew Am'ii. Indutftrlal RemoTal Office. <p. 

(p. CMS.) 12S8.) 

r««iff Me«'» Hebrew A«.'n. ^.^^^ ^^^^, Boreaii. 

(p. 480.) 

EMJWiiel SUrterbood. (p. 996.) Society for tbe Welfare of 

Hebrew Shelterfaiv and Imml- JewUib Deaf. (p. 1087.) 

jn-aat Aid Society, (p. 1230.) 



I>y n3, J!iRNEST 

Supt, Baron de Hin 

The Jewish community has 
taining four schools which i 
vocational schools, and in atte 
these schools and to show how t 
recognized educational needs c 
point out just what is meant 

Until recent times it was co 
our youth an opportunity t 
general education; the necess 
tion — agricultural, commercia 
tained by some form of appr 
ment in that vocation. 

In the development of educt 
requirements of modern conditi< 
some kind of training for voc 
so our educational system hen 
include what is now called voc 

Vocational education may b 
of training which aims to fit ou 
lar trade or occupation. 



I'fSiJ "'"IK 



TCONOMIO AOBN0IB8 649 

By reason of its long career and the very excellent 
reoord of its gradnates, it may be said to have eminently 
attained that object. 

The course is three years in length, and the pupils 

are selected with care. They must be about 13 years of 

age, and possess a general education equivalent to that 

given in the 6th year of the elementary public schools. 

: Tnition is free. 

Oar Jewish youth are not by hereditary exi>erience 
h ^t to choose a trade as a vocation, so the first two 
^. jfttrs of the course are devoted to instruction in those 
t lobjects best fitted to develop a taste for a trade, and 
■^ die last year to intensive instruction to fit the pupil 
directly for that trade. 
The work of this school is therefore both prevoca- 
' tional and vocational in character, and, as such, a model 
■ if what a school should be for the purpose intended. 

Hebrew Technical Institute for Girls 

rhe purpose of this school is primarily to equip Jewish 
to become a better factor in the home, and with 
^flttt in view the pupils are given suitable mental, ethical 
r and physical instruction in connection with the special 
lilndning for a vocation. 

^ The coarse is eighteen months in length, and in ad- 
^ttitting pupils the aim is to select those who are in 
\ greatest financial need, and best fitted to derive benefit 
^from the work they are to undertake at the school. 
m They must be 14>4 years of age, and graduates of 
■be public schools. Tuition is free, and in some cases 
iadditional support is provided. 

I 




Tlie work of this school is 
done in the public hijrh sell 
ence — that by means of into 
vocational courses, a girl 
amount of work in about one 
important feature, as for ec 
none of these grirls could attei 

Clara de Ilirsch IIoiik 

The primary object of tlii 
a home for needy workiiijr g\ 
into a better environment, in 
and physical condition. 

The great majority of the 
uncared for, and much onipha 
them the fundamental prineii: 

The aim of the trade instr 
the pupils in as sliort a time i 
skilled needle trades, as other 
these trades in the usual ur 
rmnnection with that training 
the elementary subjt'cts of a j 

The (!Ours(*s varv in NMiL''t 



-JX-ZZ. 



SOONOMIO AOBNOnS 651 

Baron de Hirsch Trade School 

The parpose of this school is, by a short course of 
vocational training, to fit a certain class of our Jewish 
young men to obtain employment in one of the mechani- 
eal trades. 

These young men, many of them recent immigrants 
deficient in education, have left school at an early age 
and found employment in unskilled occupations, at low 
wages and with little chance for advancement. They are 
from necessity wage-earners, and cannot afford to enter 
schools having long courses of instruction, but can sacri- 
fice a short wage-earning period if by so doing they can 
> aecnre the necessary preparation to give them a better 
\ rtart in life. 

I To meet the needs of this class the school offers oy^- 
* month courses of instruction in trades, any of which if 
-» completed will give the pupil a suflScient practical knowl- 
^ edge readily to secure employment as a helper, and a 
I foundation to assure his advancement to the grade of a 
mechanic. 
The pupils must be at least 16 years of age, and satisfy 
#- tlie Superintendent as to their general fitness to learn 
( a trade. Tuition is free. 

I If it were not for this school many of our Jewish 
c youth would have had little opportunity to better their 
L*'. ecmdition in life, and the successful record of its several 
E thousand graduates only confirms this fact. 
1^ In view of the establishment by the Board of Edu- 
cation of several vocational schools as part of the city's 
'aehool system, one may question whether the Jewish 
community is justified in maintaining schools of that 
character. 



The diversity of educatic 
ing social, industrial and c 
ferent communities makes 
to decide upon any one ty 
meet those needs. Indeed, i 
recently discovered the vei 
ing the whole problem, and 
a few years ago to offer a s 

Vocational education is 
stag^, and educational pre 
varied conditions as ours c 
perimental solutions deman 
diversity rather than uni: 
results. 

Our private vocational s 
sity of type, and to their be 
able to develop their own ] 
the public schools to perfc 
and the results attained wi 
means of which our educati 
develop a general policy of 

The public vocational sc 



HOONOHIO AOENOIBB '6S8 

List and Description of Vocational Schools 
Maintained by the Jewish Community 

of New Yorlc 

HEBREW TECHNICAIi INSTITUTE (FOR BOYS) 

80 StaTresant Street 

As a training school in the mechanical trades for boys 
from 14 to 17 years of age, the Hebrew Technical Institute 
combines the features of a trade school, a manual training 
lehool, and a polytechnic institute, without belonging dis- 
thictty to any one of these types of educational institutions. 
In order to insure for its students a general academic and 
manual training, indispensable for progress in mechanical 
parsuits, applicants for admission are expected to be public 
•ehool graduates, or td have obtained an equivalent education. 
The course of study in the Institute covers a period of three 
years. During the first two years, instruction is given in 
fondamental subjects, such as English Language and Liter- 
tture, History, Industrial Geography, Map Drawing, Mathe- 
matics, Applied Science and Mechanical and Free Hand 
Drawing. In the third year, the student specializes in one 
of the following subjects: Machine Working, Instrument 
Making, Pattern Making, Wood Carving, Electrical Con- 
■tructlon Work, Mechanical, Architectural or Free Hand 
Drawing. 

To give the students the opportunity to observe actual 
working conditions in the various mechanical trades, inspec- 
tion trips are organized once a month, under the guidance of 
a competent instructor, to factories, foundries, machine 
shops, electrical works, engineering works, and drafting 
rooms. For the purpose of studying industrial establish- 
ments outside of New York City, summer walking trips are 
made by small groups of students, with an instructor and 
special guide, to factories, steel works and mines. The 
whole curriculum is designed to train students to become 
altimately foremen, superintendents, engineers and propri- 
etors. 

There are several features of the work that render the 
Institute unique in the educational field. A hot luncheon is 
served to the boys at a nominal cost of twenty cents a week. 
As this constitutes the principal meal for many of the boys. 
Its value can hardly be overstated. Then, too, as the major- 
ity of the pupils come from the crowded tenement districts, 



kxiixs Dciiuuiy wiiere iiiKiriiciioi 
instrument making, pattern i 
and mathematics. 

The student enrollment is [ 
supplies are free. The per raj 

Sixteen hundred students hi 
establishment of the Institute 
following the occupations foi 
prepared. 

The school, occupying three 
Stuyvesant and Ninth Streets, j 
ported by a society of 2,000 m€ 
and income on endowment f 
in grounds, buildings and e 
$450,000. The school is a con 
eration for the Support of Jew: 
New York City. Its budget 1 
which the Federation provided 

The officers are: President, 
Broadway; Secretary, Arthur 1 
Treasurer, Mortimer L. Schiff, 
Edgar S. Barney, 36 Stuyvesan 

Spiegelber^, Eukc'ho E., Pre£ 
(36 Stuyvesant St.); elected 
1876 In New York. Received 
lumbla University: A.B.; A 
Broadway. 



HEBREW TECHNICAL 
(EstabUslied 1880, Ir 

Swoiid AvtMiuo a 

Is a non-soctarian «"(iu(rjiti()ii 



BOONOMIC AGENCIES 655 

Slish, penmanship, commercial arithmetic and geography 
taug:ht. The students in the Manual department, who 
i to become assistants In dressmaking or millinery estab- 
ixnents, are given instruction in sewing, millinery, em- 
>lder7, drawing and costume designing. In order, how- 
sr, to provide a broad cultural background, in addition 
a specific training, all students are taught history, litera- 
re, physiology, choral music, social ethics, swimming, 
mnastics, cooking and laundering. 

A number of special features characteristic of a well- 
[Qipped social center, distinguish the institution from an 
dinary trade or technical school. The school maintains an 
aployment bureau. In Jant^^ry, 1916, 2,175 graduates of 
le school were earning an aggregate of $1,374,036 per 
mum, an average of $50 to $52 per month each. The 
hool also has an auditorium seating over 400 persons, a 
brary, a gymnasium, a swimming pool and a well-equipped 
K>f garden. The pupils are given milk and cake at 10.15 
t the forenoon, and again at noon to supplement the lunch 
ley bring with them. A Sabbath school having about 200 
iipils meets every Saturday afternoon. 
There are over 600 pupils In the school. The institution 
affiliated with the Federation for the Support of Jewish 
hilanthroplc Societies of New York City. Its budget for 
917 was $64,136.16, of which the Federation provided 
S8,836.16. 

The officers are: Honorary President, Adolph Lewlsohn; 
resident, Mrs. Alfred S. Rossin; Vice-President, Abram I. 
Ikus; Treasurer, Julius Kayser; Corresponding Secretary, 
rs. J. N. Bloom; Advisory Committee on Education; Chair- 
an. Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler; Dr. Henry S. Prltchett, 
r. James Earl Russell; Principal, M. E. Dolphin; Medical 
rector, Emily Dunning Barringer, M.D. 

BARON de mRSCH TRADE SCHOOIj 
222 East 64th Street 

The Baron de Hirsch Trade School was organized to meet 
Bpeclflc need in trade education, namely, to provide a 
trough course of training in the rudiments of the skilled 
trades, within a comparatively brief period of time, to 
Mse young men who, because of financial disability or lack 
broad educational equipment, cannot undergo an elabor- 
I technical course of training. 
n&e course of study in the school covers a period of five 



period, tnose wno are rouna eii 
ents. Each pupil is given a car 
matics of the trade for which h< 
except those in the printing anc 
taught mechanical drawing and 
factory completion of his coui 
certificate of graduation, and a li 
given by the Baron de Hirsch F 
they will be paid for as soon as 

80. 

The essentials of the followir 
School: printing, sheet metal 
work, house painting, sign pai 
work, operating engineer. 

The Trade School Committee 

Elkus, 111 Broadway; Charles 

•lin St; S. G. Rosenbaum, 483 ^ 

Lehman, 16 William St.; S. F. 1 

J. E. Q. Talden, 222 E. 64th St. 



CliARA de HIKSCH HOME 

225 East 63 

Pres., Mrs. Oscar S. Straus, 
Walter Leibman, 55 E. 82nd 
Sommerfeld, 225 E. 63d St. Inc< 
by endowments. PURPOSE: '": 
home for girls between 14 an 
prove their mental, moral and 
train them for self-support." 
trade classes in hand-sewing, nii 
making and millinery lor its inn 
Straus, Sarali Iv., Pios. Clara t 



It 



^ 



I 



i 



s 



FREE LOAN SOCIETIES 

By Samuel Seinfel, Manager 
Hebrew Free Loan Society 

generally conceded that poverty and its attend- 
leries, while not entirely curable, are to a large 
preventible. The really deserving poor, if ren- 
)rompt and judicious relief without the stigma 
ity, are eventually restored to the ranks of sdf- 
ing, self-respecting members of the community, 
ct this result is the purpose of the Free Loan 
8. It is justly claimed that the work of these 
8 has been of great value and far reaching im- 
e in the cause of preventive and constructive re- 
dered to the deserving poor. 
3 do not rob the poor man of his self-respect ; he 
»t feel degraded in receiving this form of help, 
he banks do for the rich and middle classes, a 
oan Society does for the small tradesman and 
ic. It relieves borrowers of great inconvenience 
vation, prevents their falling victims to ravaging 
irkSy and this is done without elaborate formal- 
unnecessary delays and with a courtesy that is 
sated in prompt and scrupulous repayment. 
3lde8t existing Free Loan Society in New York 
nd, as far as is known in the United States of 
i, was organized in 1892 and is only twenty-five 
1 existence. But there were from time immem- 
*milath Chasodim societies in every Jewish com- 
in Europe. Though similar in purpose, loaning 



C3^^eate^ New York mat 
amounting to approximt 
77% of the amount and 
the largest Society witl 
Harlem, Bronx and Bro 
denominations of from 
others loan in amounts 
and only one up to $200 
endorsed by responsible 
terest or expense of any k 
loan in weekly instalmen 
The borrower of $10, 
his loan to pay over-di 
butchers* bills. In these 
tive; the borrower remai 
as before. The loans of 
usually applied for by s 
young professional men 
through such a loan is e 
the commercial world, am 
dependence. The same is 



JMXWOMIO AGDrGDBB '491 

B and eztfliid their work. A still greater and ftjarfli^ 
ling aohieveiaa&t woold be. the merger ol all ^ 
Loan So(detiea of New YiR*k into one gr^t Soeieity 
brancheiB in ey^ Jewish section of the ci^^ ' This 
1 not only reduce the losses, small as they are, and 
vetage cost pet loan, but would eliminate the great 
mly evil now existing among them— duplication. 
e achievements of the Free Loan Societies cannot 
fill one with enthusiasm for the cause. From the 
grant who needs a footing in this new world to the 
led merchant who has to be tided over some dif - 
y in meeting obligations, all are relieved from em- 
issment and humiliation, not in a spirit of pauper- 
tior as objects of charity, but with courteous treat- 
and genuine desire to keep alive self-reliance, self- 
ct and independence. No better method has yet 
evolved to solve so practically the great problem of 
erism. 

UST OF FRBB liOAN SOCIETIB8 

KBW FRBB liOAN SOOIBTY, Inc. (BstabUshed 1808) 

>iitna Office, 108 Second Ave., Tel. 8516 Orchard 

Brsnches: M Bast 116th St., 1821 Boston 
Road, Brou; 1878 Pitkin Ave., B*klyn. 

Ahlished more than twenty-five years ago, this society 
•en "the practical embodiment of the idea of eelf»help 
uuitable relief .work. Instead of giving alms to 
OS who have found the struggle for a means of liveli- 
too severe, the Society loans money in suins ranging 
$6 to $800, to applicants, without distinction of nation- 
religion or race, on notes endorsed by reputable busi- 
nen, without charge of interest or expense of any kind, 
»rrower repaying the loan in weekly installments. Over 
of the loans have been made without requiring that 



During the fiscal year January Ist to Jje 
the Society made 24,330 loans, aggregatii 
returns in weekly instalments amountei 
Receipts for 1916 from members' dues^ 
quests, totaled $45,009.92; expenses inch 
$24,600.49. During the fiscal year, Janu 
ber 31st, 1917, this Society made 23,403 
$765,400. The returns in weekly Installi 
$745,105.50. Receipts from Federation 
thropic Societies, $36,904.20. Expens 
branches $23,615.52. Losses on loans, 
capital of the Society amounts to $241,63 
increased demands for free loans, two i 
been opened during the last year, one in i 
Bronx, at 1321 Boston Road, and one ! 
Brooklyn, at 1878 Pitkin Avenue. 

The officers of the Society are: Pres 
335 Broadway; Treasurer, Hirsh Rabim 
Aye.; Secretary, Abraham Bakst, 101 
Samuel Seinfel, 108 Second Ave. 

Julius J. Dukiw was born in Sulzburg, 
He received his education in the schools 
in 1878, kt the age of eighteen, he came 
he embarked upon a business career and 
the successful Jewish merchants of this c 

As a communal worker, Mr. Dukas di 
that makes him one of thiS most imports 
ish community. His sphere of activity U 
particular phase of Jewish work, but eml 
thing of communal importance. Phil 
affairs and Jewish education have been 
the devoted work of Mr. Dukas. His ii 
ticularly in Orthodox and Conservative 
t-i_ -.,.-», «nf>,ioa anri mode of life 1 



MQNOmo AeSHOBS 



888 



(163 Henry Street), the largest Jewish parochial 
of this city, and president of the Orach Chaim Gen- 
on (1463 Lexington Avenue). 

8 also a member of the Executive (Committee of the 
Community, a trustee of the Federation for the Sup- 
Jewish Philanthropic Societies and Chairman of the 
tion Committee on Religious Education. He is very 
in the relief work for war sufferers and is the vice- 
tnt of the Central Relief Committee. He takes an 
Eint part in the management of the Boys' Department 
Talmud Torah of the Orach Chaim Congregation, and 
)mber of the Board of Directors of the Lebanon Hos- 
ad of the Jewish Maternity Hospital. 



eaek Free Loaa Ami*b« 

ley and SOth Avee.. 

n. Pres., Lonis Sturz. 

L9th Ave.. B'klyn. Sec'y, 

Rosin, 1819 82nd St.. 

rm Hebrew Free Loan 

, 31 McKibben %t.. 

y n . Pres., Nathan 
1 8 k y, 809 Willougrhby 

B*klyn. Sec'y, Isaac 
I n a , 8224 Surf Ave., 
r Island. Incorporated. 

i ■ k y , NathaB» Pres. 

D Hebrew Free Loan 

(81 McKibben St.. 

n), since 1899. -Term 1 

Born 1852 in Russia. 

to U. S. 1886. Received 

al Jewish education. 

id merchant. Res.: 809 

aahby Ave., B'klyn. 

Aid Society of Bast 
forlE* 871 Pennsylvania 
B'klyn. Pres.. Raphael 

Secretary. Benjamin 
an. 2127 Pitkin Ave.. 
I. Established. 1908 



Budgret about $1,200. Mem- 
bership about 300. 
Serif, Raphael, Pres. Hebrew 
Aid Society of E. N. T. (371 
Pennsylvania Ave., B'klyn), 
since 1910. Term 1 year. 
Born in Russia. Came to 
U. S. 1893. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Res.: 98 Miller Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Hebreiv Free Lendliiir Ass*ii of 
the United Hebrew Cosa- 
sannity of New York, (Adath 
Israel), 203 E. B'way. Pres.. 
A. Kruger, 301 E. B'way. 
Sec'y, Dr. S. Mossesson, 1744 
Anthony Ave., Bronx. In- 
corporated. 1910. 
Kruffer, A^ Pres. Hebrew 
Free Lending: Ass'n of the 
United Hebrew Community 
of N. Y. (203 E. B'way). 
since 1911. Term 1 year. 
Born 1866 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1900. Attended a 
Russian High School and 
Yeshlbah. Superintendent, 
Home of Daughters of Ja- 
cob. Res.: 301 E. B'way. 



ADJS^UATB INFORMA 
FOLLO^IVI] 

Broder Loan Faad, 276 Eae 

Houston St. 



ComjitantlBe Free Loan, 25 

Bast Houston St. 



D«iiSliters of Rebecca, 130 

Boston Road. 




1 

) 

■'\ 
■■I 




HOMOMIO AOBNOOB $&1 

* LABOR OBGANIZATIOXS 

By Frank F. Rosenblatt 
Chief of Staff, Bureau of PhUanthropie Research 

I ^P to about a decade ago trade unionism among the 
: Jewish worken was in its incipient stage. The United 
Hebrew Trades, which is now preparing to celebrate its 
thirtieth anniversary with an imposing membership of 
230,000, was for a number of years suffering from the 
^&me lack of stability which was characteristic of its 
^oiuitituent organizations. 

Prior to 1910, the Jew as a striker, the Jew as a 
limrtyr on the picket line had become famous in labor 
circles as well as in special treatises of trained investiga- 
Uxn. The Jew as a trade unionist, as one of a well dis- 
tiplined bona-fide organization, as a mere dues-paying 
tuember, was considered almost an impossibility, be- 
cause of the strong individualistic peculiarities which 
^re attributed to him. This distinction of the Jewish 
Worker has now completely faded away. The Intema- 
ixmal liadies' Garment Workers' Union, an organization 
Consisting of 140,000 members of whom fully 80% are 
Tews, is now in the foremost ranks of American trade 
inionism, being the third largest International of the 
Lmerican Federation of Labor. The Amalgamated 
Nothing Workers of America, which came into exist- 
Eiee only about three years ago, enjoys the admiration 
sd loyalty of tens of thousands of Jewish working men 
id women in the men's clothing industry. The older 
ffanizations, like those of the United Cloth Hat and 



^ 



particularly of Russian i\ 
of the conditions in whicl 
had been forced upon hi] 
Russian regime, by the ex 
him of the most essential 
of choosing abode and c 
inexorable determination 
ment to crush every atte 
bination. While the Je 
philosophy of homo hotni 
driven to look upon comp 
the only effective, weapoi 
in his fight for self-prescr 

The new environment 
changed the peculiar '*p 
Jewish worker is now recc 
striker, but also as a firs 
organization and devoted 

The basic principles of 
bargaining and concerted 
the so-called ''protocol/' 
ployces and employers. J 



■« # ■ <« /\ 



■OONOHIC AGBNCmS 6W 

ithod of mutual agreement between mannfactarera and 
plofees, wbicii tends to do away with sporadic strikes 
1 lockoDta Bobsequeutly found wide application io 
amber of smaller trade onions. 
'he Jewish labor organizationg have become great 
lors not only in the economic and industrial fields, 
also in the cultural and spiritual life of their mem- 
L The betterment of economic conditions, the prime 
pose of every trade union, has of late been coupled 
I the motto of general betterment. The activities of 
anions are not confined to the protection of the in- 
ita of their members as wage-earners only. Qreat 
irtauce is attached to educational work, and series 
ictnres on economic, political and Bociological ques- 
1, as well as popular courses in history and science, 
titute necessary items in the budgets of most of the 
nizations. The magazines published by every im- 
ant union contain articles not only on trade topics, 
also general essays on various social and political 
tions, as well as literary masterpieces in prose and 

ry. 

^des their general cultural and educational activi- 
the Jewish organizations are also devoting special 

ition to specific Jewish problems. Most of them 
distinguished themselves in the work of the Na- 

J Workmen's Committee on Jewish Rights and in 

elief work for the Jewish war sufferers. 



Central Organizations.) 

Feather Boa Maker** I'nlon 
Loeal No. 74 (1. F. W. U. |. 

». A C.) Pres., Charlfs Vcl- 
zer, 163 Stanton Street, c, o 
Renest. Sec'y, Charles Stet- 
sky, 81 Fourth Ave. Meets 
2nd and 4th Thursday at 81 
Fourth Ave. 

Far Cap Maker** Tnlon Local 

No. ao (I. F. "w. u. r. s. a 

C) Pres., Harry Relff, 63u 
B. 9th St.. N. Y. C. Secy. 
Charles Stetsky. 81 Fourth 
Ave. Meets every 1st and 
8rd Wednesday at 81 Fourth 
Ave.. N. Y. C. 

Far Cutters* I'nlon Loral \o. I 
a. F. W. U. IT. S. A C.) Pres.. 
Harris J. Algus. 1405 Fifth 
Ave. Sec'y, Frank Frim- 
nierinan. 334 K. looth St 
Meets every 2nd and 4ili 
Saturday at 210 K. fith St. 

Fur Drennera* I'nlon l^cal ^o. 
2 <I. F. W. r. V. S, A i.\ 

Pres., Ike Hertzberj?. 94 !« 
WilloiiKhhy Ave.. ll'klyn 
See., Giistav .^rhuln-it. '.u;. 
\Villoui::h»)y Av.- . HMvti 



■OONOMIG AOENCIEB 



701 



^' SominB, 1761 Bathgate 
A^«- Sec'F, Charles Stetsky. 
81 Fourth Ave. Meets Ist 
and 3rd Tuesday at 81 
fourth Ave. 

■^ Limed Coat Flmlskers' 
^■ios Local Ifo. 68 (I. F. W. 

^' V. 8. A C.) Pres., Joe 
Stein, 76 Clinton St. Sec'y, 
Samuel Leibowitz, 81 Fourth 
Ave. Meets 2nd and 4th 
Wednesday, 81 Fourth Ave. 

V^ BTsflera* Valoa Uocal Ifo. 
10 (L F. W. U. U. 8. A C.) 

Pru.. Morris Kligrer, 812 E. 
«th St. Sec'y, Adolph Lew- 
Ux. 4010 Third Ave. Meets 
1st and 8rd Wednesday. 
Casino Hall, 86 E. 4th St. 

Far Oyemtora^ Ualoa Local 
He. 5 (L F. 1¥, V. U. 8. A C.) 



Pros., Wolf Weiner, 299 E. 
8th St. Sec'y, M. Katsman, 
56 E. 7th St. Meets 1st and 
3rd Thursday, 12 St. Marks 
PI. 

Far PInekers' Ualoa Local No. 
4 (L F. W. U. U. 8. A C.) 

Pres., John Gorsky, 192 Nas- 
sau St., B'klyn. Sec'y, Jos- 
eph J. Savagre, 193 Sumpter 
St, B'klyn. Meets 1st Mon- 
day of month at B'klyn La- 
bor Lyceum, 949 Willoughby 
Ave., B'klyn. 



Bed Worker*' Union 
Local No. SI (L F. W. U. U. 

S. A C.) Pres., Harry Farber, 
340 Watklns St., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, Samuel Lelbowitz, 81 
Fourth Ave. Meets 2nd and 
4th Thursday at 81 Fourth 
Ave. 



GARMENT INDUSTRY 

Men^s Clothing; 

General Organization: Amalgamated Clothing Workers* 
of America. (See also under Economic Central Organiza- 
tions.) 



^rsokljv A Brownavlile Bat* 
iMiholo Makora' Local No. 
MB <A. C. W. A.) Sec'y, I. 
Rabinowitch, 9 Siegel St.. 
B'klyn. Meets every Wed- 
nesday at 9 Siegel St., 
B'klyn. Membership: 260. 



Pants Makers* Local 
ir^. 43 <A. C. "W. A.) Sec, A. 
TeloVltz. 143 McKibben St. 
Meets Wednesday 



at 83 Bartlett St., B'klyn. 
Membership: 1250. 

Brooklyn Vcs f makers* Local 
No. 2«2 (A. C. W. A.) Sec'y. 
S. Reich. 29 Graham Ave., 
B'klyn. Meets every Wed- 
nesday at 76 Throop Ave., 
B'klyn. Membership: 1400. 

Buttonhole Makers of New 
York Local No. 244 (A. C. W. 

A.) Sec'y. J. Miller. 237 Dlv- 



^fn 



^W.A.) 8eo*y/a Slec^l, 80 
Hnmb^dt 8t. B^klyo; keeU 
•▼M7 ToMday ' at ».;8l«Kel 
8^' niyii. ' M«mlMmhip: 



CA« GL W. JU> Sm^'y, J. Bn- 
Mum. ISl Amboy St.. 
^^TB. M«eU eTery Tues- 
day at t%9 Saokman St. 
B'Uth. Memberahip: 600. 



^MrtAdtonP liMal Ho, 218 (A. 

<^ W. A.) SecTy, B. Wartel- 
■ky. SOO Floyd Si, Ifklyn. 
keeti every Tuesday at 9 
Slejsel St. B'klyn. Member- 
ship 650. 

<^ TaUon^ amd Balsten* 
Ueal Na. S (A« C. 1¥. A.) 

S^r. H. Schepfl, e/o Dinner, 
Ms Madison St.. Meets 
^ery Wednesday at 176 B. 
B'way. Membership: 6000. 

<^>tt« Tsllan^ Laeal No. 182 
<A, c W. A.) 8ee*y. Jos. 
IKUKone, 79 B. 4th St. 
Veets every Monday at 85 
>• 4th St Membership: 850. 

^■»»sa ts MakoTC^ Local Ifo. 
li <A; C. W. A.y Sec'y. B. 
Sncksrberff, 161 Clinton St. 
liMls every Friday at 151 
QlBton 8t Membership: 
1100. 

i'Spcl Makers Local Ifo. 161 
VA. C W. A.) Sec'y, Louis 
Labiento, 801 Broome St 
Meets 1st and 8rd Friday 
m Broome St Membership: 

■IH. • 



Now York ClotkfaMP- IHnaoro' 
Local No. 68 (A. O. W.A.) 

Seo^y^ Ban^y, Qr^B^ 100 
Bowery. Room 409., .If^ets 
Thursday atj JSass' . Bids. 
Memberskip^ 960. 

: • . :. y.- 

Oyoraton' (Coat) Local No. 
188 (aI C. W. a.) J3ei>/ & 
Bi^ral, 878 Howard Ave., 
B'klyn. Meets eveiir Wed- 
nesday at 176 B. B'way. 
Membership: 86<N). - 

dvcvall Workers^ Local No. 178 
(A. C. W. A.) Sec'y, Jacob 
Newman, 84^ Bllery St., 
B'klyn. Meets every Tues- 
day at 133 Bldridse St 
Membership: 300. 

Palai Beack Workem' Local 
No. 167 (A. O. 1¥. A.) Sec'y. 
Morris Pearl, 9 Sleffel St.. 
B'klyn. Meets every Thurs- 
day at 9 Siegrel St., B'klyn. 
Membership: 700. 

Paats Makers' Local No. 88 (A. 

C. W. A.) Sec'y, A. Telow- 
itx, 148 McKibben St. 
B'klyn. Meets every Wed- 
nesday at 83 Bartlett St, 
B'klyn. Membership: 600. 

Paata Makcn* Local No. 158 

(A. C. IV. A.) Sec'y. I. Sie- 
grelheim. 132 Thatford Ave.. 
B'klyn. Meets every Wed- 
nesday at 229 Sackman St.. 
B'klyn. Membership: 750. 

Paats Operators* Local No. 8 
(A. C. "W, A.) Sec'y, H. No- 
vodvor, 63 Ludlow St. Meets 
every Wednesday at 145 



Shirt Makers' Local No. 248 

(A. C. W. A.) Secy, D. Mon- 
SLB, 175 E. B'way. Meets 
©very Friday at 73 Ludlow 
St. Membership: 300. 

Vest Balatera^ and Operators* 
Local Ifo. 16 (A. C. IV. A.) 

Sec'y, P. Monat, 175 E. 
B'way. Meets every Friday 
at 176 E. B'way. Member- 
ship: 1600. 



a i 



Sec'y J 
B'way. 
day at 
bershli 

Wkoleaal 
Local 1 

Sec'y, 
B. 12th 
day at 
bershii 



WOMBIVS €?LOTHIIV< 

General Organization: Intemationj 
Workers* Union. (See also under Ecoc 
isations.) 



ted Ladles' Garment 
Owtteni ITMoa If o. 10 (L L. 

O. W. U.)f 7 W. 21st St. 
Org, 1901. Membership 7,- 
000. Pres., John C. Ryan, 
7 W. 2l8t St. Sec'y, Sam B. 
Shenker. 7 W. 2l8t St. 
RyaBt Jobs Cm Pres. Amal. 
Ladles Garments Cutters 
Union Local No. 10 (7 W. 
31st St.); elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1861 In N. 
Y. Received Rreneral educa- 
♦ i^r. TlPii.: 303 E. 23rd St. 



FrledE 
Sec'y, 
St. (. 
H. T.) 
Friedi 
Pres. 
Embn 
No. 66 
1909. 
1883 1 
S. 19) 
educa 
661 E 



MQNOillO AeBMOOB 



706 



ce St. Seo'j. Solomon 
S87 B. Sth St. 



Ave. (AfBUated also with U. 
H. T.) 



sr UalOB liOcal lf«. 17 
6. W. V.y, 117 2nd 

Org. 1106. Member- 

htOiQ, Pre*., IieuM 
117 2nd Ave. See'y, 

J. Heller, 117 tnd Ave. 

*m Dseee M. U* IjocaI 
' (V. H. T« mmM I. L« 

U.), 22 W. 17th St. 
flO. Membership 8.- 
'rea., Carl Zaluck, 254 
rt Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, 

Lauber, 26 B. 104th 
» Rand. 

»mtt Piece Tallen^ A 
* Makere* IJmIom Ijoeal 
(I. u o. -w, V.}, f w. 

t. Org. 1014. Mem- 
(>, 2,100, Pres., Max 
605 B. 11th St. Sec'y. 
: Fenster, 15 Livins- 
1. (Affiliated also with 
T.) 

Max, Pree. Piece 
I A Sample Makers 
Local No. 2 (9 W. 
L), since 1916. Term 
Born 1872 in Aus- 
Came to U. S. 1899. 
ed general Jewish and 
r education. Tailor. 
105 B. 11th St. 

: BmH Tenors Unloii 
Vow • (I. L. G. ^ir. U.), 
Id Ave. Org. 1908. 
trship 10,000. Pres.. 
Idbergr. 228 2nd Ave. 
^. M. Mlnkow, 22S 2nd 



Id Bwekeleni^ Vniom (I. I^ 

G. "W. v.), 228 2nd Ave. 
Membership: 1000. Pres., Ia 
Sheinberer* Sec'y, Mr. Graff. 
(Affiliated also with U. H. T.) 

Cloak Makers^ UbIob Loeal No. 
11 (I. U G. W. U.), 229 

Sackman St, B'klyn. Orsr. 
1908. Membership: 2600. 
Pres., J. RosensweiflT, 229 
Sackman St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
H. Batsky, 229 Sackman St., 
B'klyn. 

Cloak Operators' Union of 
Broirmsville Local No. 11 (L 
L. G. W, v.), 219 Sackman 
St., B'klyn. Membership: 
3000. Sec'y-treas., Harry 
Brodsky. 

Cloak, Skirt and Dresa Preas- 
era' Union Local No. 35 (I. L. 
G. W. U.), 228 2nd Ave. 

Membership: 9000. Sec'y- 
treas., A. E. Ka^an. Mgr., 
M. Breslower. 

Eknbroldcry Workers' Union 
Local No. « (L L. G. W. U.), 

133 2nd Ave. Orgr. 1907. 
Membership: 1600. Sec'y, 
Isldor Saremsky, 1070 Wash- 
ington Ave. 

Ladlea' and Misses' Cloak Op- 
erators' Union Local No. 1 
(L L. G. W. U.), 238 4th Ave. 
Membership: 11.000. Pres.. 
M. Wolberg:. Sec'y-treas.. 



Schmetterer, 629 E. 185th St. 
Sec'y, Harry Hllfman, 725 
Lexington Ave. 
Schmetterer, William, Pros. 
Ladies' Tailors Alt. and Spe- 
cial Order Union No. 80 (725 
Lexington Ave.), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1880 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1901. Received Public School 
education. Res.: 529 E. 135th 
St. 

Ladles' Waint and Dresn- 
makem' Unloii, Local No. '25 
(I. L. G. W. U.). 16 W. 21st 
St. Orgr. 1900. Membership: 
20.000. Pres., Max Essen- 
feld. 221 Broome St. Scc'y. 
Isidore Schoenholtz. 16 W. 
2lBt St. (Amiiatcd also with 
U. H. T.) 

Ksaenffcld, Max, Pres. 
Ladles' Waist and Dress 
Makers' Union No. 21 (16 W. 
2lBt St.), elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1888 In 
Austria. Came to U. S. 
1907. Received high school 
education. Res.: 221 Broome 
St. 

Skirt and Cloth Dr^Mnmokern* 



MOIIIOMIO Afltefoiii 



TOT 



iMAnnwAR ofDuerntr 



OtMnU Orgaiiliatioii: United doth Hat and G^p Malsers 
[if Jiortli ' Anflriok . (Sea alio under Economic Central 
f»IMtotteM. ) 



Ve. 1 <ir. G. BL A G. M. 
•C v. a«), CS B. 4th 8t Orir- 
INL M«mberslklp: t700. 
SmTj, Joe PoMneTf 6t B. 4tli 
8t (AlBllated also wfth 
V. a T.) 



■ (V. a flU A G. M. 
tC M. a«>» et B. 4tli St. Org. 
f . im. IfomberaUp: 600. Fr—,, 
I«vis Marffolln. 160 Brad- 
i6rd St^ Brkljm. Sec'y, Leo- 
>Dld Baher. 61 E. 4th St. 




He. a iV. C. H. A C. M. 
•f v. ▲.), 6S E. 4th St Ora. 
_ lltl. Membership: 4 00. 
* tMTr, & SaradklD, 6« B. 4th 
' SL (Ainilated also with 

P%Ml He. 17 <ir. G. H. A C. M. 
^>f JIL ▲.>; 61 B. 4th St. Ora. 
Membership: 110. Sec'y, 
ZImtrman. 61 E. 4th 




lip sl Bew n; <17. G. H. A C. 
Ml «r B. A*>, 61 B. 4th St 
?'0 r B. 1 • • t . Membership: 
Em^tjt 8. Handman, 61 
& 4t]| 8t 

•. ae (U. C. H. A O. M. 

A.K 61 B. 4th St Ora. 
Membership: 800. 
, M. Wartehberaf 61 B. 
St 




J 
LmsI Mow S2 (U. C. H. A C. m1 
•f N. A«), 160 Pulaski St. 
VlKlyn. Org. 1907. Mem- 
bership: 18. Sec^y, Charles 
B^rsohner, 160 . Pulaski St, 
B'klyn. 

Leeal Ho. ae (U. C. H. A C. M. 

of IV ^.)» 61 B. 4th St Ora. 
1004. Membership: 16. 
Sec'y. H. Goldbera* 61 E. 
4th St 

Local No. 48 <U.'C. H. A jC. M. 

of N. A.), 61 B. 4th St Ora* 
1916. Membership: 860. Sec'y. 
S. a Axelrod. 64 E. 4th St. 

MiUlnery aad liadlee* Straw 
Hat Workers^ Ualon Inieol 
No. 24 (V. C. H. A C. M. off 
IV* ▲•), 64 E. 4th St, N. T. 
City. Ora. 1910. Member-, 
ship: 4000. Sec'y, Isidore 
Weinberg. 64 B. 4th St. (Af- 
filiated also with U. H. T.) 

MUllaery ana Ladies' Straw 
Hat Blockinir Ualoa Local 
No. 42 (U. C. H. and C. M. of 
N. A.>, 64 E. 4th St. Oraan- 
izer. Max Golden. 2180 Bel- 
mont Ave. Sec'y, A. J. Stern- 
boch, 64 E. '4th St. (Affiliated 
also with U. H. T.) 
Goldea, Max, Ora. Millinery 
Ladies' Straw Hat Blockers 
Union Local No. '41 (64 E. 



\ 



straw Hattem* Union Loo 
Mo. 45 iV, i\ H. & i\ >I. . 
X. A.), 64 E. 4th St. Men 
bership: 400 Pres., Joh 



General Organization: I 
under Economic Central 

Bakers* Union iHicnl IVo. 87 ( 1 
H. T.>. Orgr. 1896. Membei 
ship: 306. Pres. and Sec' 
Adolph Kornblatt, 897 W3 
ona St.. B'klyn. 

Bakem* Union Iiocal No. 1( 
(U. H. T.), 165 Rlvington S 
Orgr. 1908. Membership 90 
Sec'y. L. Raimist, 155 Ri\ 
ingrton St. 

Bakers' Union L.ocal No. 104 ( 1 

H. T.), 66 Clinton St. Ori 
1903. Membership 100. Sec' 
Abraham Adler, 1361 Broo 
Ave. 

Bakers' Union Loeal No. 163 (1 
H. T.). 36 Morell St., B'klyi 
Orp. 1S93. M<>mborshlp 2^ 
Sec'y, J.'icob Hoshmky, 1 
Whipplo St.. Rklyn. 



BOOMOMIC Ae&NCJXS 



709 



y- Ors. 1903. Member- 

1400. Prea., Isidore 

D, 178 Brook Ave. Sec'y. 

ion Jonoth, 494 E. 14l8t 



k994. Of Patetem' Union 
No. 261 it. H. T.» 

:. 103rd St. M«et8 at 
. 104th St., Fridays. 

kood of Pnlntera* Dee- 
m and Pnycr Hnnsera 
nerlcn Locnl IVo. 1011 
I. T.), 175 E. B'way. 
1903. Membership 1,- 
Pres., Isidore Cohn, 178 
: Ave. Sec'y, Solomon 
h. 175 B. B'way. 

Isidore, Pres. Local 
1011 Brotherhood of 
ers. Decorators and 
' Hangers (175 E. 
0; elected 1917. Term 
r. Born 1880 In Rus- 
Came to U. S. 1904. 
ved g'eneral Jewish 
tlon. Painter. Res. : 
rook Ave. 

■hond of Pnper Hnnirers 
No. 490 (U. H. T.). 
110th St. Or?. 1864. 
»ership 1,000. Pres., 
■ Wollheim, 1860 Wil- 
Ave. Sec'y, Frank Dull- 
, 521 <th Ave. 

lelai* Morris, Pres. Pa- 
tanflrers Local No. 490, 
erhood of Painters and 
• Hang-ers of America 

110th St), since 1917. 

1 year. Born 1881 in 
a. Came to U. S. 1886. 
ved public school edu- 



cation. Paperhanser. Res.: 
1850 Wilkins Ave. 

Bmnh Mnkera* Union Lncal 
No. 22 (U. H. T.>. Meets at 
175 B. B'way, 1st ^nd 3rd 
Tuesday. 

Butcher Workers' Union Loeal 

No. 174 (U. H. T.>. Meets at 
243 E. 84th St.. 1st Sunday. 

Buttonhole Carriers^ Union 
(U. H. T.), 73 RidflTO St. Org. 
1913. Membership: 70. Pres.. 
Sam Bergrman, 25 Pitt St. 
Sec'y, Louis Qrossman, 73 
Ridge St. 

Chandelier and Brass Workers 
Union <U. H. T.), 175 E. 
B'way. Org. 1913. Member- 
ship 275. Pres., Meyer Ab- 
ramson, 631 Linden Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, M. Browd. 175 
E. B'way. 

Abramson, Meyer, Pres. 
Chandelier & Brass Workers' 
Union (175 E. B'way). since 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1874 in Russia. Came to U. 
St. 1881. Received public 
school education. Res.: 631 
Linden Ave., B'klyn. 

rhlldren*M Cloak and Reefer 
Makem' Union (U. H. T.>, 

117 2nd Ave. (See page 704) 

Children's Shoe Workers Union 

(U. H. T.), 175 E. B'way. 
Org. 1914. Membership 655. 
Pres., S. Seldel, 175 E. B'way. 
Sec'y, S. Margolis. 250 E. 
B'way. 



Children Drerni Makem' Union 
Local No. 60 (U. H. T.), 22 

W. 17th St. (For Informa- 
tion Bee page 705). 

Clip Sortern' Union (U. H. T.) 

Meets 175 E. B'way. 

Cloak Button Workera^ Union 
(U. H. T.), 126 W. 2Qth St. 
Org. 1914. Membership: 400. 
Pres.. M. Greenglass, 126 W. 
29th St. Sec'y, Jacob Neld- 
erbach. 126 W. 29th St. 

Cloak, SultandSample 
Makera^ Union No. S (U. H. 
T.)» 9 W. 2l8t St. Meets at 
210 B. 5th St.. Tuesday. (For 
Information see page 706). 

Cloak and Suit TaUoT«» Union 
I^cal No. 9 (U. H. T.), 228 

2nd Ave. Meets at 228 2nd 
Ave.. Tuesday. (For Infor- 
mation see page 705). 

Clotk HJxamlnera* and SponK- 
eT«' Union (U. H. T.) Meets 
at 19 St. Marks PI. on 2nd 
and 4th Fridays. 

ronnomers' Leajnic of Bronx 
Branch Local No. 1 (U. H. 
T.>. 500 B. 172nd St. Org. 



T.). i 

190d. 

Max! 

Ave. 

228 E 

Tvvla 

Butto 

(40 £ 

Term 

in R 

1907. 

ish < 

make 

Ingto 

Cloak 
No. 

Ave. 

ship 

Klml 

Ave. 

228 i 

Kim 

Cloa 

No. 

1916 

1882 

S. 1 

edu( 

879 

Cloth 
1'nl< 

r.2 I 



711 



rmy. 



». i0—. p««« 



VbImi (0. 9. T.> MMUi »t 



• 41 • • 



MmIi at .171 a. Vwy. 
8^f» BolittlkowltB. 



W(Hkn^ CV. & TO. Meets 

U IS & 4tli St. Beo'y, L 



Meets t Its L.enox Ave. 



■tie fr ewqMiper OellT- 

MeeU at 176 BL B'way. 
SteTj, L Oreenbers; 288 B. 
Beaetoa 8t 



g—fc e lein^ VBloft 
Iieefll Mew n (U. BL T.), 828 
HA ATei Meete at Stayre- 
Mat Oaeino oa let and 8rd 
Thvredaj. (See pave 708.) 



Flevr DriTere' 
ValMe Iiewd He. a§B (U. H. 
T.) Meeta at 107 E. 8nd St. 
en Snaday. 



VaiOBt 4 Locale, 109 

B. 8»tli St. (See Joint Board 

* - F « r r 1 e r e * Unloit under 

' ' Meo n e m te Central Orgmnlsa- 

tfona). 



PveteetlTe 
l«#eal Va. 1 CV. BU T.)» 
JM Snd Ave. Orr- 1899. 
Hem be re hip: 118. Prea., 



. liOttie Herman, 8St & «th St. 
See'y» .OaVld Xhroll. lU .W. 
.uathBt. 

giman, I«e«iiib Prea.. He- 
. braw Actore Union (10& 8nd 
Ato.)* einoe.1916. Term 1 
year. Bora 1878 in Aaatria. 
Came to U. S. 1890. Received 
Ifablio tf 6 h o 1 aducation. 
AOtbr. Res.: U» B. 6th St. 

Bebrew Aetev# Ualea Lieeal S 

iV. H, T.)« 88 8nd Ave. Orr* 
1908. Memberehlp: 106. 
Bnelneaa Mffr., Joeeph lieon 
Weiss, 141 Penn St, Bldyn, 
N. T. Seo'y, rredariek FU- 
epeecu, 11a West '118th St 

Hebrew Bill Poatera and 
Ushers' Union (U. H. T.>f 86 

B. 2nd St Orff. 1887. Mem- 
bership: 40. Sec'y, Isidore 
Zolataroff. 1440 C r o t o n a 
Park Bast 

Hebrew Butcher Workers' 
UnloB Local Ho. SM (U. H. 
T.)» 176 E. B'way. Orff. 1904. 
Pros., Morris Kraut, 52 Co- 
lumbia St. Sec'y, S. Jacobi, 
176 B. B'way. 

Kmut, Morris, Pres. Hebrew 
Butcher Workers' Union 
(176 E. B'way), since 1912. 
Term 6 months. Born 1880 
in Austria. C!ame to U. S. 
1899. Received Jewish edu- 
cation. Butcher: 168 Orchard 
St. Res.: 62 Columbia St. 

Hebrew Choms Union Local 
No. • (U. H. T.), 98 Forsyth 
St Orgr. 1886. Membership: 
46. Pres., Reuben Kaslmir- 
sky, 2914 W. 22nd St. Coney 
Island. Sec'y, L. Schleffman. 
888 Tlnton Ave. 



oruaiu, xt9 n. IS' way. 

Inside Ice Cream Workeri 
and Salesmen** (U. H. T. 

Meets at 209 E. B'way Is 
and 3rd Wednesday. 

JeireliT ^I'^orkera* Union Loca 
No. 1 (U. H. T.) Worli 
Buildingr. 



Jonraeyaiea Barbers' Interna 
tlonal ITmlon Local No. 65^ 

(U. H. T.>, 219 Sackman St. 
B'klyn. Org. 1911. Mem 
bership: 155. Prcs., Loui: 
LfUbinsky, 351 Hinsdale St. 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Barnett Ja 
cobs. 299 O e o r s 1 a Ave. 
B'klyn. 

Joameymen Barbern' Unloi 
Local No. 7S2 (U. H. T.), 17£ 

E. B'way. Orgr. 1906. Mem- 
bership: 600. Pres., Mike 
a o 1 d b e r g , 175 B. B'way, 
Sec'y, Max Brill. 160 E 
B'way. 

Ladles' and Misses' Cloak Op- 
erators (U. H. T.), 238 4th 

Ave. See page 705 f 



Ladles' Waist and Dressmak- 
ers* Union Local Xo. 25 (U. 

II. T.). 16 \V. 'jlst St. (Sov 
paK»' 705). 



nciiOMio AOBNcms 



713 



14 iV. H. T») 

L 4th St., on 
pacre 797.) 

r a 1 Water 
m iV* H. T.>. 
Clinton St. 
9 wits. 



ntwmmr 
Local 
Meets at 
Titeeday. 



Meets at 
Sec^y, S. 



i Pletvre Macklae Oper- 
f Local No. 806 (17. H. 
701-70» 7th Ave. 

Ciffarctte Makers' Ualon 
16 (U. H. T.) Meets at 
S. B'way on 2nd and 4th 

ay. 

Makcni' Unloa (U. H.T.) 

s at 176 E. B'way on 
Desday. 

Clotklnir 9aleiimcn*if 

m (U. H. T.) Meets at 
orsyth St. on Tuesday. 



Qoo4s CIcrkii' 

m (U. H. T.) Meets at 
B. Houston St. on 1st 
3rd Tuesday. 

Grocery Clerks' Ualoa 

i. T.) Meets at 1'43 E. 
I St. Sec'y, Felnblatt. 
Simmons Ave., Bronx. 



Metal Wofken^ VbIob 
97 iV, H. T.). Meets at 
B. 4th St. Sec'y, A. 
e n , 655 Stone Ave.. 
n. 

Itten^ VaiOB Local No. 
rU. H. T.>, 690 De- 



Kslb Ave.. B'klyn. Org. 19«». 
Membership: 860. Pres., Sam 
Lilpschltz, 690 De Kalb Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Meyer Rubin- 
son. 690 De Kalb Ave., 
B'klyn. 

8koe RepaircraP and Soeokd 
Hand Skoe Makers' UnlOB 
(17. H. T.),, 69 Pitt St Orff. 
19 16. Membership: S . 
Pres., A. Cooperman* 182 
Eldrid^e St. Sec'y. Louie 
Weltxner. 299 B. 7th St. 
CoopersBSB, A.» Pres. Shoe 
Repairers' and Second Hand 
Shoe Workers' Union (62 
Pitt St.), elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1870 In 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1898. 
Received public school edu- 
cation. Shoe repairer. Res.: 

132 Eldrldee St. 

S»klrt and Cloth Dress Makers* 
Union Local No. 2.3 (U. H. 
T.). 231 E. 14th St. (S^e 
page 706). 

Salt Case and Bas Makers* 
Union (V. H. T.>, 151 Clin- 
ton St. Org:. 1911. Mem- 
bership: 760. Sec'y, A. Kas- 
soff, 161 (Linton St. 

Suspender Trimmlns IVorkers' 
Union (U. H. T.) Meets at 

133 Eldridge St., on Thurs- 
day. 

Theatrical Door Men's Union 

U. H. T.), 126 Clinton St. 
Membership: 22. Pres.: 
Harry Cooper, 16 Bristol St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Leopold Mar- 
kowltz. 620 E. 6th St. 



■N 



People's Theatre. Res.: 15 
Bristol St.. B'klyn. 

Theatrlml Munlciil Club (i:. 
H. T.) Sec'y, A. Slnionowltz, 
4613 15th Ave., B'klyn. 

Tkeatrlcal Sta^e Kmploreea* 
Lrf»cal No. 4 (U. H. T.), 879 

Bridfire St^ B'klyn. Org. 
1886. Membership: 261. 
Sec'y, Chas. Weidemeyer, 379 
Bridge St.. B'klyn. 

Tkeatrl<*ml Tailors' and Dress- 
era' Ualon, Local 12719 A. F. 
off 1,. (U. H. T.), 68 E. 4th 
St Org. 1891. Membership: 
26. Pres., Benjamin Shpltzer. 
36 2nd Ave. Sec'y, Samuel S. 
Patashlnsky, 31 2nd Ave. 

T r « a k Makers* U a 1 o a of 
Greater New York (V. H. 

T.). Org. 1902. Membership: 
220. Pres.: M. Frtnkel. 527 
DeKalb Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
J. Pulin, 510 E. 136th St. 

T7pO|!rraphlc*al I'nloa liocnl 
No. 83 (U. H. T.) Meets at 
211 K. B"way. on Fri.lay. 

I Il|#«>«1 V «» o If m»- .. .• -. %«-»f -..--- 






■711 




MtmlMnhlp: I009. Bao^y, 
moXkj Llftoliltfl» U B. Snd 8t 

(Am piMIt 70i.> 



Wheleaal* 
Ootaf VatM <17. H. T.). 
llMti at Its H. B^47. 8«oy, 
A. SMfkowIti; 7S jpidrldc* 

It 



tJalMi (V. flU T.y. Orff. 1»16. 
)M[«|DlMrJiliip: BOO. 8ec>, liax 
M. Welner, 906 Myrtle Are., 
B'klyn. 



Tmle UalMi UMkWum 

(V. BL T.>, 7 Bast 16tli St 
Org. IfOS. Memb«rflhip: 600. 
PrM^ Hilda SrenaoB. .7 B. 
16th St. Sac'y. Hand 
Swarti, 7 E2. 16th St 



Organized effort on the p 
in which Jews predominate, 
is of very recent developm* 
tions in these trades exhi 
Their growth and developnK 
the peculiar problems tliat 
not arise from a pressing nee 
of credit information, or to 
were the case, employers' < 
trades would be as weak a 
tions. 

Trade organizations in th 
and developed and acquired 
sity of employers to meet co 
It is a paradoxical truth tl 
have been the potent cause 
Jewish employers' associatii 
unions, which are created a 
employers' organizations ha 
the eve, or actually during 
situation has naturally led 
lective aerreements betwoen • 



flOONOiaO ACttNODBS 717 

leedle trades sinoe the adoption of the first coUective 

agreement, the now famous Protocol of Sept. 2, 1910, 

betweefi the Cloak, Suit and Skirt Manufacturers' Pro- 

teetive Association and the Cloak Makers' Unions of the 

International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. There 

are in existence at the xnresent time, in some form or 

other, collective agreements or collective understandings 

in almost every one of the trades in the needle industries. 

Some of them have continued along the lines originally 

adopted in the particular trade. Others have gone 

through many changes. The net result, however, has 

heen to bring about certain standards of hours, rates of 

pay, conditions of work, which directly or indirectly are 

heing maintained and improved. 

With the organization of employers, there naturally 
followed the collective consideration and solution of 
Biany trade problems which could never have been 
solved, but for the existence of thriving employers' as- 
soeiations. The results in these directions have been of 
great value to the employers. The creation of stand- 
ards, the elimination of harmful business practices and 
the development of a wholesome tone of business moral- 
ity have been the unfailing results. 

The next step in the development of employers' as- 
soeiations will be cooperation between different associa- 
tions. As the associations represent allied trades, and 
IS they all deal with the same jobbers and retailers 
lironghout the country, a uniformity of terms, condi- 
ioDfl, methods and standards is sure to be brought 
boat. There is also a possibility of collective inter- 
■Bociation effort to deal with the labor problem. In 



■QONeJUC AOBNOIBB 



721 



.\ 



t 



- .^^ "«— ^k» Pres. Mi<i- 
tx2X W^ter Dealers' Prot. 
A«MlU Henry St); elect- 
ed "17. Term 6 months. 
Bom llli In Austria. Came 
to U. a 1102. Received sen* 
trtl Jewish education. 
jyULtTi 110 Columbia St. 
Rea: lis Lewis St. 



"Mlsssl AsB^ Of Separate 
'Urt Maaafactvrem. Pres. 
Htzwell Copales, 1182 
B*WEjr. Sec'y, Abraham 
Shapiro, 134 W. 87th St. 

Artkasl S«elet7 at Mea*s 



61 

VwMj. Pres., George L. 
Close, 1 W. SSrd St. Sec'y, 
WiUiam K. Meyer, 17 E. 
>tod SL Incorporated 1914. 
Membership SO. PURPOSE: 
*^ promote, advance and 
barmonlse the greneral wel- 
fare of manufacturers of 
aeckwear, and to act in con- 
cert, and in respect to mat- 
ters that affect all members, 
in common and to treat 
' alike with all employees 
who are members of 
unions." 



Kimono Mf^ra (200 Fifth 
Ave.), since 1913. Term 1 
year. Born 1876 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1892. Received 
Public School education. 
House Dresses: 102 Madison 
Ave. Res.: 1467 51st St.. 
B'klyn. 

N. Y. Restaitraat Keepers' 

As«*«, 51 Avenue A. Pres., 
Samuel Berman, 374 Grand 
St. Sec'y. Morris Levine, 51 
Avenue A. Membership 200. 
Established 1915. Incorpor- 
ated 1916. PURPOSE: "To 
settle disputes that may 
arise In the orgranisatlon 
and to perpetuate grood will 
among the members. 
Berman, Samuel, Pres. New 
York Restaurant Keepers' 
Aas'n. since 1916. Term 6 
months. Horn 1876 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1891. Re- 
ceived g:eneral Jewish and 
secular education. Caterer: 
374 Grand St. Res.: 536 K. 
149th St. 

N. Y. Tailors* Vereln. lOG For- 
syth St. (No Information 
available.) 



Bsw Y«rk AaePm of House 
id Klaeoaa Maawfae- 
200 5th Ave. Pres., 
I. Olnsberff, 102 Madison 
Are. Sec^y, Leo Cooper, 130 
W. » 6th St Established 1913. 
PURPOSE: "Collective 
agreement with unions. Col- 
lective activities in matters 
concerning: the trade." 
OlaekariT* laaae^ Pres. N. T. 
Aes'n of House t>re8S and 



Retail Jewelry Dealers' Ass'n. 

80-8 Clinton St. Pres., M. 
Oinsburgr. 388 Grand St. 
Sec'y, E. Krelsler, 139 Ave- 
nue A. Established 191C. 
Membership 125. Budget for 
1917. 11,500. PURPOSE: "To 
further the welfare of the 
members." 

Glnsbursr, HI., Pres. Retail 
Jewelry Dealers' Ass'n (82 
Clinton St.): elected 1917. 




LIST OF TRADE 

AmeiicaB Clffar and Soda 
Workers Syndicate, 139 De- 

lancey St. Pres., Herman 
Iieibowiti. Sec'y, Louis 
Rodner. Membership 600. 
Established 1916. Incorpor- 
ated 1916. PURPOSE: "To 
work for mutual co()pera- 
tion in order to economize 
in purchasing material." 



Bnalneaa and Profeaaloaal 
Men'a Aaa'n of Lower N. Y., 

57 St Marks PI. Pres.. Dr. 
J. Broder, 2131 B'way. Sec'y, 
Jos. Hamerman. 200 B'way. 
ed 1914. PURPOSE: "Better 
laws afPectingr business, 
and professional men; bet- 
ter civic conditions; promo- 
tion of intercourse among: 
its members and advance- 
ment of their interests." 

Grocera* Protective Aaa'a of 
Harlem, 62 E. 106th St. 
Pres., B. Kresch. 170 E. 
107th St. Sec'y, Elias Cohen. 
63 E. 104th St. Member.ship 
125. Budget. $1,500. Estab- 
lished 1905. Tncorporatcfl 



728 



ACTlvrriM: Bttff Hiatal 
priM0 fbr Ita members. 



•f OHtaWB FrMton •£ 
H. T« Iff B. Horn- 
ton St. Pros., Bam Dletor. 
17f BsMX St. See'r. Philip 
Kriftdiol. Iff B. Houston St. 
Brtablishod If f f. Incorpor- 
ated If la. Membership fOO. 
FURPOSB: *^o work for 
mntiial aM In sodal as well 
as busteess matters." 
Mctegr^ Sasi* Pros. Xiea^ae of 
CItlsen Peddlers of Greater 
It T. (Iff B. Houston St), 
slnee Iflf. Term 1 year. 
Bom IffS In Russia. Came 
te U. SL IfOI. Reeelred ffen- 
•ral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Dealer in Pickles: 
117 B. Houston St. Res.: 17S 
St 



BcCaii 
14f McKib- 
ben St, B'klyn. Pres., A 
Albert fS & fth St. B'klrn 
Secretery, J. Rothenberg 
f 14 Graham Ave., B'klsm, N 
Y. Organised lf08. Mem 
bershlp fOf. Budiret for 
If 17: 11.600. PURPOSE. 
'Mutual protection and the 
promotion of common bust 
ness interests; also financial 
help eriven to members in 
time of need." 
Albert. Araold. A, President 
WilliamsburiT Hebrew Re- 
tall Grocery Ass'n., (14S Mr- 
Klbben Street Brooklyn), 
since lfl6. Term 6 monthH 
Born 1876 In Austria. Came 
to U. S. 18f 7. Received eren 
eral Jewish education. Re- 
tail Grocer. Res.: 9S 8. 8th 
St. B*klyn. 



ADBQUATB IMFORMATIOlf IS LACKIlfG ON THB 
FOLLOWIlfO SOCIBTIBSt 



161 



Glinten St 



SMe !■«• RetaU Grecen^ 
ff Clinton St 

•f BMteew RetaU 

140 Rlv- 



fiurton St 



Ind. Window CI 

Ass's. 146 Suffolk St 



Jewlsb Bntehera' AsS'm <»f 
YorkrUlo^ 804 B. 78th St 



Shoe ReMOTateni' 

Clinton St. 



Ajm'b. 161 



DbtMmb, O^ 174 tnd Ave. 
lCwi>cer, Jewlab Acrlcul- 
turftl and ladnatrlal Aid So- 
olBty. 

FM>k, talton, SeO W. 144th 
8t AotlnK MAOMger, IndnB- 
trl«l Remaval Ofllce. 

GtadBlMta. JMepfe, tlO lad 

At*. HanMT^r. Commualty 
Btmploymant Buraau tor the 
Handicapped. 

OMUUfe. Omts*. tot 80. >Dd 
St. B'klTR. Investigator, 
BiBpl*yinant Bureau «f Jew- 
lib Community. 



SmptOTiiient Agent Hebrew 
SbelterlniK and Imitilffrant 
Aid Society. 

KatAn, W— . ■» B. Bth St. 

Aaalstant Hanacer, Hebrew 
rree t<oan Boelaty. 



l^lutual Aid Agencies 



fault, fail upon the group as a v 
feature, members are carefully s 
made only after inquiry has sh( 
justified. The societies are democ 
one man, one vote; and ultimate 
the membership at large. Three 
elected: A Board of Directors 
general affairs, a Credit Commi 
upon applications for loans, and 
mittee, to supervise the work of t 
and Credit Committee. 

The advantages of the Credit 
This type of organization makes • 
man of small means, at moderate t 
business basis as characterizes the 
commercial bank and its clients, 
the democratic character of admii 
zation serves as an effective edu 
personal nature of the business 
the transactions are direct stimi 
Credit Union too, provides a pov 
exterminating the usurer through 
netition as np^flinst thp inpflTpnfnol 



MUTOiL AID AmKom 729 

: in New York City, ten are eomposed almost entirdy 
Jewiflh membership. These ten societies represent a 
al of 1766 members, and have assets amounting to 
9,018.45. Daring the year 1916 they have made loans 
gregating $138^49.25. 

The possibilities of the development of the movement 
umg the Jews of this city are particularly promising, 
wry here is already well organized into hundreda of 
Iges, vereins, unions, etc. ; all of which are excellent 
)dia for eredit union organization, possessing as they 
' the requisite elements of intimacy among members, 
tive public opinion, and general cooperative spirits 
The great need of the movement in New York City 
present, is an independent agency under Jewish aus- 
ices to undertake an extensive publicity campaign and 
irsonal propaganda among the organizations favor&ble 
0* the spread of credit unionism, to serve as a continu- 
18 guide and mentor in problems of administration, 
id to indicate and advance the adoption of standard 
ethods. Such an agency should also concern itself 
ith all external events which bear upon the Credit 
lion movement, representing and protecting the in- 
rests of the group. 




s 



- — xxupKins Bi., ij'Klyn. Vlce- 

Prcs.. Abraham Halpern, 115 
lU Essex St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 

^ Henry Gold. 2851 W. 24th St.. 

C. I. Treas., Max Isicowitch, 
L S6 Manhattan Ave., B'klyn. 

ClUmeB*' Credit Union. 115 

Manhattan Ave., B'klyn. Or- 
iranlied 1916. Pres., Louis 
Cohn, 680 Flushing Ave., 
B'klyn. Vlce-Pres., Harry 

- — Lapatkln. 86 Johnson Ave.. 

B'klyn. Sec'y. Max Liebross, 
14 Lewis Ave., B'klyn. 

— Treas.. Charles Forstadt, 680 

Flushinff Ave., B'klyn. 

Coaiaierelal Credit UbIom of 
_ Brooklyn. 325 Ninth Street. 

B'klyn. Orgranised 1916. 
Pres., Benjamin Arrerman, 
"" B'klyn. Vlce-Pres., Dr. Jos- 

eph Slavin, B'klyn. Sec'y. 
MeyerTarshis. B'klyn. 
Treas., Max Peck, B'klyn. 

MP 

CoSperatlve Credit Union, 124 

Delancey St. Organized 1915. 
Pres., Joseph Gedalecia, 856 
Snd Ave. Vice-Pres., Hyman 
L Cohn, 2311 Croton Ave. 
Sec'y. Sol Goodman. 124 De- 
lancey St. Trtas., Hlrsh 
Bloch. 1216 Boaton TUl. 



imixAii ifl> ittiwufi 



•781 



7^^ - Pr«k. Iirtdor« Roth- 
*y^^ sot Myrtle Ave. 800*7. 
BoloiBoii JaeolM, IBf Lorl- 
^^ 8t Troas., Ummc Ooheii, 
'^'M Stockton St, B'klyiL 

^^ llUto« CVotft ITbIm, J50 

B. 67th St OrflranUod lfl6. 
^^^mi, liOO Traurlrr S41 X. 
llOth St Yloo-Pre«« Hyman 
R«»Teiiiiky, SSfl Snd Ave. 
8tt«^7. SltaUi W. Slaiv 9Sd B. 
*7th St Trom&, JuUiui Stoln, 



U X. lOTtk St Diroctor. 
ICaz ZlUn, 119 B. lOfth St 

Woirt 91«o Credit Vwdmrn, t47 

W. t|th SU New York City. 
Oriranlsed If II. Pree.. 
Bamet Cohen, ttl W. 88th 
St Yice-Pres., Samuel 
Bamet Cohn, 881 W. 88th 
SeO^y, Philip Karmel. 808 W. 
88th St Treaa., Adolph 
Shlndler, 441 W. 85 th St 
Attorney, Herman Chaltyn. 
87 Cedar St 



t. 



iiL 



As the name implies, mutual i 
formed for the purpose of rende 
not as gratuitous charity, but as 
of elaima based on a mutual agr 
in the constitution of the respecti 
the membership certificate. The 
cieties include spiritual and socia 
the prevision of material aid in em 
death, sickness and other causes o 

The burial clubs and the visitoi 
in Hebrew as ''Chevra Eadishah, 
Urn" Societies, represent the mo 
mutual aid. Notwithstanding thei] 
have undergone little change botl 
ganization and in the practical 
utilitarian objects. While not sti 
are, nevertheless, somewhlEit clannif 
that their membership is generalb 
leute. 

Quite a considerable number of 
ever, have developed into Vereinc 
the lines of the English Friendly S 



ranoei' they -hate adopted the moderft feattiree 
benefit'' and ot free loans. This form of mu- 
reGebted in this world ;\jy the memben theni^ 
1 become extremely populftr among the immi- 
¥8, many of them belonging to two and more 

pid growth of these societies presents a prob> 
nravity of which has not yet received due con- 
L from Jewish communal leaders. Like most 
:ratemal organhsations, commonly known as 
hese nintoal aid societies issuing sick and death 
^rtificates pursue the unscientific and vicious 

equal monthly or quarterly assessments witM- 
dction as to age or occupation. The idea of 
expert actuarial advice is entirely foreign to 
d no regard is paid to authoritative tables of 

based on experiencei^ of similarly circum- 
nroups. The assessments or rates are fixed at 
either arbitrarily or on the basis of death cases 
he current year. While the society is young, 
iments corresponding with the low rate of mor- 
e easily borne by the member. The danger 
nth the older age of the society and the in- 
increate of mortality among its members. The 
its grow ever higher* The young members drop 
the burden of paying death benefit falls on the 
bers who, as a rule, have been longest in the 
;ion and are least able to stand the high cost 
ince. 
naming is particularly timely because of the 

legislative r^^ations have been enacted in a 




b. in the social life ; and 

c. as a moral force. 

Membera of a mntual aid aasociatioa neei 
recourse to charity. The aid they get is coi 
them EB a refunded debt. The sense of humilie 
must be experienced by everyone who extends 
charity, is substituted by a potent conscious] 
temity and justice. This consciousness gives 
understanding of a higher social life and sot 
aibilities. The members of soeh an oi^;anixa 
of their economic interdependence, learn to 
the value of interchange of ideas. 

The contact of men and women for mnta 
of an economic nature, teaches them to reqM 
like stimuli in social matters. Thna, -m have, i 
sequence, the effect of mutnal aid as a moral 1 
members would act in a way that would me 
sentment on the part of the bulk of their org 

No attempt has ever been made to stody t 
mutual aid on charity, the effect as ezprease( 



TABUi OSr ICOTUAXi AIB 0OGIKnBa. 



7S5 



itaIN 



•f So c ittI— Located and faiTMtlnitedt lOlt. 
I» thum, «B MS SMtotte, M% di th« ToteL 





• 


«>* 


■ sMsal si 






Nuasbar 


l«srtiwDsta 




Before 18S1 


8 


1.5 


1 


Between 1881 and 1901 


200 


88.6 


had 


*• IMS *• 1806 


144 


23.6 


1907 - 1811 


87 


15.9 




- 1812 - 1814 


79 


12l9 




- 1815 " 1817 


75 


12.8 


MM 


Ose 


68 


10.8 


•ar 


Two 


651 


88.7 




Below 80 


81 


14.7 




Pron SO to 88 


281 


87.5 




" 100 *« 188 


194 


81.4 


NT 


*« 200 " 290 


06 


8.1 




- 800 «" 809 


21 


3.4 




*« 400 " 400 


10 


1.6 


Mra 


" 000 and orer 


15 


2.4 




Total 


88.187 






ATcrage 


143 






Below 13.00 


15 


2.5 




8.00 


47 


7.8 




4.00 


40 


6.7 




6w00 


71 


11.9 


Ml 


8.00 


133 


22.3 


l§ 


7.00 


70 


11.7 




&00 


93 


15.6 




8.00 


39 


6.5 




10.00 and over 


90 


15.0 




ATerage Dues: $6.00 








Sick Benefit 


694 


93.8 




Inaarance 


257 


40.6 


Al> 


Cemeterj 


517 


81.8 




Synagogue 


109 


16.6 


■ 


Free Loan 


217 


34.8 


BUDGET 


lacoma 


Expaadttura 


r of Societies Reporting 


628 


476 


' of Members in those Societies 


00.655 


63.710 


icome and Eiipenditure 


$e:«,7i4 


$454,494 


aad Expenditore per Society 


$1,202 


$965 


aad Expendttare per M'^mb^r 


<(<! yy 


?T n 



le basis of the tocfeties reporting, it is fair to assume, that when 
irmatton is Available on aU societies there will be found to exist 
00 bona fida Mutual Aid Societies, haring an Afffregate member- 
BTcr 100,000 aad an aggregate income of over $1,000,000, or $1,000 
iety and 810 par aseaber. 




4 



.1 



r 



k 



F. B. 0.=Federation of Bessarabi 
=Federatlon of Galician and I 
P. O. J, A.=Pederation of Orienta 
=Federation of Roumanian Jews 
Federation of Russian-Polish He 
Kranken UnterstUtzungs Verein. 
ation. S. and B. S.=Sick and 
YounfiT Men's. 

Letters enclosed in paranthes 
whidh the society is affiliated. 



MANHATTAN I 

Ah, StelMer K. U. V. (F.R^.A.). 
Sick beneUt; cemetery; place 
of worship. Orff. 1908. 
Membership: 76. Meetings: 
Ist and 8rd Sundays at 67 
Stanton St. Pres., Zedi 
Stainer, 247 Eldrldffe St. 
Sec'y, Marcus Stainer, 247 
Bldridffe St. 

9 1 a I M e r, Zedl, Pres. Ab. 
Steiner K. U. V. (67 Stanton 
St.)» since 1916. Term 6 
mpnths. Born 1861 in Rou- 
mania. Came to U. S. 1890. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Tailor: 23*4 El- 
dridfire St. Res.: 247 Eldridgre 



MUtf7AL Alb AGtl^Glte 



791 



to U. 8. If 14. R^lT«d>du- 
Mtlon in -prlTaie tdiool-ln 
Rnnla and U. & Bulldlnsr 
Contractor. Res.: 2168 Dean 
St.B'klyn. 

Bik !• 8iok banallt; inaur- 
saoo; cematary; free loan; 
v^Utf. Orv. Ut4. Member. 
•Up: 7Cf. Heetlnffs: Snd and 
4a Moadaya at .147 JC 126th 
^ Praa^ Max Plermont. 
•K B. iS3rd St, Sacy, M. 
^Intaam, §74 Ijanrett Ave. 
. ?*»^t. Ma^ Frea. Adler's 
Mt Ind. Aaa'n. No. 1. (147 
^ lt6th Street), elected 
Wn. Term 1 year. Born 
^^4 In Russia. Came to 
U- S. 1882. Received iren- 
«f*l Jewiah education. Res. : 
*K & ISSrd St. 

'^^ miMiua AM Sm. Sick 

ooQoflt; inaurance; cemetery. 

. .Otb. 182t: Membership: 

«**K. Meetings: 2nd and 

^Bondays, at 257 E. Hous- 

: ton BL Prea.. Jacob Kafka, 

f U4 Bay llth St, B Wyn. 

8oc^y. A. Lowy. 186 Ave. D. 

,. *ilka. JaeaiN Prea. Adolph 

Dnmaa Aid Society (257 E. 

Bbnston St), aince 1916. 

. Jona 1 year. Born 1869 in 

Bongmry. Cune to XJ. S. 

U87. Received general Jew- 

bk edneatlon. Printer: 7 E. 

Mth St R^a.: 114 Bay llth 

.'^ B'klyn. 

*Mhrtli Skaai^rel Sabbath. 

Org, lfl6. An organization 

Of iff dalaC'^tes represent- 

faiff ovar 160 organisations 

of Sabbath- observers. Mee t - 



inffs: Every 2nd Monday, at 
122 Ridsre St Pras., Seinvil 
Feitrenbaum* 81 Lawla St. 
Seo'y, IC Blaabaod, 16 Pitt 
St 

FeUreabavBi, ScIbtII, Pres. 
Affndath Shom'rei Sabbath 
(122 Ridgre St), since 1016. 
Term 1 year. Bom 1861 in 
Austria. (^me to U. a 
1887. Received sreneral Jew- 
iah education. lAdiaa' 
walata: 149 Springr St Rea.: 
81 l4ewia St 

AlosMmala Bern. Sadety* Sick 
benefit Orgr. 1912. Mem- 
bership: 60. Meets: 1st and 
3d Tuesdays, at 10 W. 114th 
St Pres.. Joseph Pineles. 
Sec'y. Joseph Binder, 106 E. 
111th St 



Beaevoleat Mteaker 
Aaa^B. Sick benefit; inaur- 
ance; cemetery; free loan. 
Org. 1899. Membership: 500. 
Meetingrs: 2nd and 4th Wed- 
nesdays, at 98 Forsyth St 
Secy'y, Harris Scheiner» 28 
Orchard St 

I. 
Aaierlcaa Brothcn* Aid Aaa^a. 

Sick benefit; insuran.ce: 
cemetery. Org-. 1890.- Mem- 
bership: 120. Meetings: 2nd 
and 4th Saturdays, at 81 
Forsyth St. Pres., L. Karash, 
179 W. 89th St Sec'y, M. 
Plainie, 906 Union Ave. 

Amerleaa Uirosda Y. M. A. S. 

Sick benefit Org. 1914. Mem- 
bership: 180. Meetinsrs: 2nd 
and 4th Sundays, at 10 Ave. 
D. Pres., Benjamin Jacobo- 



B- J»th St."' 






a-"" H«ht,r" 8«V'" ■ 

••■ tor,,. »,rs.ii„""" 



MUTUAL AID AiOBf ODB 



789 



lis. Bom ItTS In Aua- 

Cftin* to U. 8. 188f. 

Id Hebrew educatloii. 

Res.: 101 CSuuon 



• 81ok benefit; Iniur- 
semetexT. Org. IflO. 
rehlp: SOO. Iffeetlngs: 
nrsdny at 27 W. 116th 
res., Gofltare Levlne, 
'aehlnffton Are. 800*7, 

I Swaap, 4f8 CUre- 
^nrkwny. 

, Ommtmw, Pros. Axis 

II W. llSth St.), olnoe 
Term 1 year. Bom 
I (Germany. Came to 
871. RecelTed flr^neral 
Ion. Ree.: M68 Waih- 

Aye. 

er. Sick benefit, In- 
B» cemetery. OrflT- 190S. 
rehip SfS. MeeU let 
I Friday! at 175 B. 
Pros., R. Suekln, 174 
» St. Sec'y. F. Seldln, 
Kth St 

U» V. sick benefit; 
ico; cemetery; free 
Orff. ISfO. Hember- 
SO. Iffeetlnse: Snd and 
iorsdayi* at S0€ B. 
ray. Prea^ Samuel 
oker, 168 Broome St. 

IC. Weinberg, 690 
Ato., B'klyn. 
•kor. Saarael* Pres. 

U. v. (806 B. B'way), 
f 14. Term 6 months. 
16ft in Ruisla. Came 

1886. Receiyed sen- 
irlah education. Mtgr. 



wax fiffuree. 
Broome St. 



Ree.: 868 



Groud Soc. Sick benefit* 
cemetery. Orflr. 1866. ICem- 
berehlp: 47. Meetlnffs: 4th 
Wedneedaye, at 87 W. 116th 
St. Prea. I. Voffel, 87 South 
Bond St., Mt Vernon. Seo'y» 
Has Taterka, 478 B. 18fth 
St. 

Belsovaer Yonns Men^i 8oe» 

Sick benefit Org. 1816. 
Memberihlp: 60. Meetings: 
1st and Srd Tuesdays at 88 
Clinton St Pres., Max Un- 
danck. 84 Goerck St Sec'y. 
Hyman Salzman, 88 Pitt St. 
Undanck, Max, Prea Bel- 
goraer Younsr Men's Society 
(88 (Hlnton St); elected 
1817. Terms 6 months. Born 
1886 in Poland. Came to 
U. S. 1912. Receiyed gren- 
eral Jewish education. 
Res.: 94 Goerck St 



Bea. liOdlee' See. of Harli 

Sick benefit; insurance. Org. 
1908. Membership: 80. Meet- 
ings: 2nd and 4th Wednes- 
days at 10 W. 114th St 
Pres., Morris Bardach, 1171 
Bryant Aye. Sec'y, Mrs. 
Irma Winick. 86 B. 118th 
St 

Bardaeh, MorHs, Pres. Ben. 
Ladies' Soc. of Harlem (12 
W. 114th St), since 1916. 
Term 6 montha Born 1866 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1896. Received general Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
Painter. Res.: 1171 Bryant 
Aye. 



Shabcrt, Israel, Pros. BenJ. 
deller AM'n (ise b. Houiton 
St.); elected ISn. Term « 
months. Born ISTS En Aus- 
tria. Cania to U. S. IBOS. 
Received general Jewlab 
sducatlon. Fruit dealer. 
Rea.: G6 E. 104th St. 



;r K. D. V. Sick ben- 
eOti cemetery; free loan. 
Org. 1902. Memberablp: 22S 
Meellnga: 2nd and Hb Sat- 
urdays, at 209 B. B'way 
Pran.. Rubin Horowlti. 624 
Blake Ave., B'klyn, Sec'y 
Sol Zimklnd. 29E So. 2nd St, 
■B-klyn. 

H*i*wiu, RbMb, PreB. Her- 
eilnep K , U. V. (201 B 
B'way), Bince 1916. Term S 
montlla. Barn 1S8V In Rua- 
•la. Came to U. S, 1906. 
Received gen era] education. 
Insurance: IBl Montague St. 
B'klya. Res.: E24 Blake 
' Ave, B'klyn. 

Berllae, mm* I,oakM^ Y, M. 

A"^ Sick benent; ceme- 
tery. Org. 1914. Membership' 
50. Meetings: 2nd and 4th 
Mondays, at 223 B. 2nd SI 






74J 



«inb«rshlp SO. JCtffts 
4tlk ToMdars at 106 
St. Pjres., Batty 
IS Bldrldsa St. 8m'7. 
mar. Its Allen St. 
BcttT* Ptm. Betty 
. and B. A. (106 For- 
), since IflS. Term 
ha. Bom 1886 in 
la. Came to U. & 
ecelTed general edu- 
Mfffr. Neckwear: 17 
;. Bee.: SS Bldridffe 



Sick benefit. 
>S. Iffembenhlp 86. 
Ith Sunday at 100 
:h St. Prea» Isaac 
msr. IS W. llSth St 
aoob Hymes, SO W. 

»r I^tdlee* Aid See. 

4. Membership: 100. 
!nd and 4th Wednes- 
it 88 Forsyth St. 
iOuls Cohen, 860 
t Sec'y> A Yanow- 
WlUett St 

r TowMT Men's. Sick 
Insurance; ceme- 
Be loan. Org:. 1906. 
ihlp: 800. Meetlngrs: 
I 4th Tuesdays, at 
I'way. Pres., Ralph 
1464 Seabury PI. 
u JB. Pins, 173 El- 

alph* Pres. Blalisto- 
inff Men*s (175 E. 
since 1916. Term 6 

Bom 1887 in Rus- 
le to U. & 1908. At- 
31srh School. Prin- 

E. SSrd St Res.: 
bury PI. 



Blelsker BrAderUeher V* V. 

Sick benefit; Insurance; 
cemetery; free loan. Or^. 
1888. Membership: S8i. Meet- 
ings: Snd and 4th Saturdays, 
at S06 E. B'way.. Pres., 
Nathan Berber, 67 Meserole 
St, B'klsm. Sec'y, Julius 
Sokol, 8066 Bersen St, 
B'klyn. 

Berber* Natluui* Pres. Blels- 
ker BrOderUcher U. V. (806 
B. B'way): elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1867 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1887. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Mfffr. Clears. 
Res.: 67 Meserole St, B'klyn. 

Btkar Chollm Anshel Blalos- 
tok. Relief. Meetings: Every 
Thursday, at 246 E. B'way. 
Pres., Joseph Lipnick, 64 E. 
94th St Sec'y, D. K Rubin- 
stein, 40 W. 117th St 
Upmlck, Joseph. Pres. Bikur 
Chollm Anshei Blalostok 
(846 B. B'way), since 1902. 
Term 1 year. Born 1864 in 
Russia. C:ame to U. S. 1886. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Drygoods: 22 E. 
B'way. Res.: 64 B. 94th St 

B'aal David Society. Social 
and benevolent; cemetery. 
Inc., 1868. Membership, 100. 
Meetings at 107 W. 116th St 
Pres., Ely Hosenbers. 346 
B'way. Sec'y, Samuel R. 
Morris. 151 W. 117th St 



Cherrah B'nad Joseph Aryel 
Anehet Ratao IVohlia. In- 
surance; cemetery. Org:. 
1906. Membership: 90. Meet- 



Cb 



I 



It aoiomoiiy Ul 

B'nai Joseph Aryel . 

Ratno Wohlln (98 F 

1^, St.). since 1916. T( 

lai months. Born 1889 Ir 

sla. Came to U. S. 
Received greneral J e 
education. Watchi 
Res.: 141 Lafayette St 
sey City, N. J. 

BolwllKer Ladlea^ Aid 8< 

Cemetery. Orgr. 1901. 
bership: 90. Meeting:! 
and 4th Saturdays, : 
Clinton St. Pres., J. E 
S72 Hooper St., B 
Sec'y, K. Harris, 180 
St 

EUMuier, J*. Pres. Bo I 
Ladles' Aid See. (67 CI 
St), since 1901. Te: 
months. Born 1869 in 
tria. Came to U. S. 
Received general J e ^ 
education. Deslgrner. 
S72 Hooper St.. B'klyn. 

Bobmsker Ladles' U. V. 

loan. Orgr. 1912. Mer 
ship: 40. Meets at 203 F 
St. Pres.. Barnett Ep 
511 W. 177th St. Sec': 
Llpshltz. 84 Monroe St. 



If^qiAl* AID ikiODfO^ 



748 



Lcsaner X. V. V. ($U 

St.); elMUd 1917. 

months. Bom 188S 

L BacolTod sonoral 

•dncatton. Bop.: Ill 

at 



r Immmaf K. V, ▼. 

moflt; oomotorr: 
. Org; IfOt. Uom- 
: SS. ICeeUnso: lot 
I Wodnoodoys, at Hi 
n 1 o n St. Proo.. 
. Ifooonor, 4 W. tSnd 
6*7, loaao GroflOi 87€ 
It. 

r, WUMMmt Proo. Bol- 
Ladloo* K. 17. y. (S76 
■ton St.), olBCO 1908. 
year. Bom 1877 In 
Came to U. a If 08. 
id srenoral Jewish 
on. Restanrant. Boa.: 
tnd St. 



k benoflt; Inonrance; 

ry. Org. 1814. Mem- 

: 116. MooUngs: lit 

I Satordayi^ at 178 B. 

Proa., Aaron Horo- 

118 Sattor Ave., 

Soo'y. Ifax Taroie, 

8th St. 

tta^ Amnm, Proa. Bor- 
Touns JDrlonds* Ben. 
178 B. Vway) ; elected 
Cerm • montha. Bom 
I Bttoala. CSamo to 
04. Bocelved general 
odnoatloa* Carpen- 
oa.: 118 Sntter Ato., 



worship; Orphan Asylum; 
Jewish SchooL Org. 1808. 
Membership: 78. Meetings: 
8nd and 4th Sundays, at 814 
B. 8nd St Pros., A. Rosen- 
blum. 878 B. Srd St. Sec'y, 
Hyman Schuls. 816 B. 16th 
St. 

Botwtfhaaer Y. M. B. A. (F. B. 
J* A.). Sick benefit; ceme- 
tery. Org. 1909. Member- 
ship: 78. Meetings: 8nd and 
4th Thursdays at 98 Fbrsyth 
St Pros., Adolph Slegel. 88 
Forsyth St Sec'y, H. Ber- 
kowlts. 188 Chrystie St 
Slegol, Adolph, Prea Bota- 
shaner T. M. B. A (88 For- 
syth St) ; elected 1917. Term 
8 monthe. Born 1888 In 
Roumania. Came to U. S. 
1908. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 68 For- 
syth St 

Brateskcr Brothers Aid Asi^li. 

Sick benefit; insurance ; 
cemetery; free loan. Org. 
1886. Memberehip: 162. 
Meetings : let and Srd Sat- 
urdays, at 178 E. B'way. 
Pres., Aaron Sandler, 6 
Lewis St Sec'y, Julius 
Cohen, 628 Saratoga Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Sandler* Aaron, Pres. Brain- 
sker Brothers' Aid Ass'n 

^ (178 B. B'way); elected 1917. 

" Term 6 months. Bom 1866 
in Russia. C^me to U. S. 
1898. Received general Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
Res.: 6 Lewis St 



Sick 
otory; place of 



Bralasker Y. M. B. A. Sick 
benefit; insurance; ceme- 



Grand St. 

Greenberer. Harris, Pres. 
Brainsker Y. M. B. A. (173 
B. B'way), since 1916. Terms 
6 months. Born 1870 In 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1890. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Tailor. Res. : 
406 Hinsdale St., B'klyn. 

Bramowfts Ladies. Sick bene- 
fit. Orgr. 1916. Membership 
90. Meets 2nd and .4th 
Wednesdays at 79 Forsyth 
St. Pres.. Lena Olkln, 496 

. Van Buren St., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, Mrs. Cooper, 660 E. 
182nd St. 

Brealaaer Kaehowka lad. 8oc. 

Cemetery. Orgr. 1916. Mem- 
bership: 40. Meetings: Ist 
and 8rd Tuesdays, at 82 

Clinton St Pres. and Sec'y. 

Joseph Olitzky. 236 B. 6th 
9t. . - 

'^ Olttsky. Joseph* Pros. Bres- 

lauer Kachowka Ind. Soc, 

" since 1916. Term 6 months. 

' Born 1876 in Russia. Came 

to U. S. 1912. Received gen- 
k. '. ^^^^ Jewish education 

Woolens: 96 Stanton St 



\-9 r\. *m • O O er TT^ ^ A % /^ I 



MUTUAL AID ACONCIK 



74§ 



ax Fox, 390 E. 8th 

Ba« Max. Pres. Briz- 
B. A. (109 B. Ind 
>cted 1917. Term 6 
Born 1888 In Aus- 
:ame to U. S. 1907. 
I ereneral Jewish 
>n. Res.: 181 Barrett 

yn. 

tnbawer T. If. 9. 

eneflt. Org. 1916. 
Bhip: 40. Meetingrs: 
I 4th Thursdays, at 
ton St. Prea, Hyman 
1, 21S0 Belmont Ave. 
aac Flax, 3746 Third 

I, H 7 m a a • Pres. 

Warshawer Y. M. 
L Clinton St.); elect- 
Term 6 months. 
84 in Russia. Came 
1902. Received gen- 
rlsh education. Res.: 
mont Ave. 

' Verete* Sick bene- 
aetery. Orgr. 1912. 
Bhip: 60. Meetinsrs: 
8rd Saturdays, at 
Houston St. Pres., 
^olfson, 6i E. 3rd St. 
Wm. Segralow, 265 

i» Jacab, Pres. Brosl- 
Brein (388 E. Hous- 
, since 1916. Term 
ha. Born 1872 in 
Came to U. S. 1902. 
I greneral Jewish 
n. Rea: 64 E 8d St. 

i4 of Adrtaaaple 
• A.>. Siok benefit. 



insurance, cemetery. Org:. 
1915. Membership 58. Meets 
once every 3 months at 36 
Rivington St Prea, Elieser 
Behmoarav, 155 Forsyth St. 
Sec'y, Solomon B. JaoolN 69 
E. 115th St. 

Biilder Terela No. 1. Sick 
benefit; cemetery; i n s u r - 
ance. Orgr. 1868. Member- 
ship: 215. Meetings: Snd 
Sunday, at 155 E. 58th St. 
Pres., Max Weisburger, 238 
Bainbridgre St., B'klyn. Sec'y 
Harry Bendit, 261 Lienox 
Ave. 

Welsburirer, Max, Pres. BrU- 
der Verein No. 1 (155 E. 58th 
St.); elected 1917. Term 1 
year. Born 1871 in Ger- 
many. Came to U. S. 1888. 
Received general Jewish 
and secular education. 
Salesman. Res.: 228 Bain- 
bridge St.. B'klyn. 



BnchowlBer BesMirabler Sick 
and B. A. Sick benefit; in- 
surance; cemetery. Org. 
1918. Membership: 70. Meet- 
ings: 1st and 3rd Saturdays, 
at 17 Ave. A. Pres., Morris 
Bernstein, 87 E. 2nd St. 
Sec'y. Ellas Rothman. 58 St. 
Marks PL 

Berastela. Morris, Pres. 
Buchowiner Bessarabier 
Sick and B. A. (17 Ave. A.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1880 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1903. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
87 E. 2nd St. 

Budsanower K. U. V. Sick 
benefit, cemetery, free loan. 




month». Born 1882 Ir 
trla. Came to U. 3, 
Received g-eneral edui 
Res.: 824 Dawion St. 

■"*««rter FirM AI4 

Sick benefit: Inau ra 
oemetery; fre* loan. 
1»00. Uambenhlp 
KaetlngB; m ,na 
Tbnradayit at ftg Fc 
Bt Prea. Rubin Spe 
Tl* Saratoga Ave., B 
Seo'y, L«iila Brown. 60; 
tar Are., B'klyn. 
BvmIIbk R«bla, Prei. 
area tar Flrat AW Aaa' 
'orayth St.) ; elected 
Term t months. Born 
In Roumanla- Came to 
I«B9. Received general 
■ah educattoa. Cloaka 
Bttlta: Ifi w. lEth St. 
It* SaratOKm Ave.. B'h 

CMI Otrtm*, Ckeeed 
■^«k VcniB. sick be 
cemetery. Org. 1893. 1 

bershlp; 84. MeetlrRB 
and 3rd Sundays, at 3: 

Houston St- Pro. Or.1. 



yUVDAIi AID AamOSMB 



747 



tl& aatnrdajr, at tl Vor- 
Bt. Jhema^ Bam AM^mh, 
L ISlst St SmTj, I. 
dKM. tit BodiMsr 8t^ 



•duGation. 
•t«r Ava. 



Res.: liS4 Web- 



Ptm. OlMeh- 

ffser UntaritiitBiinsi 

A (79 Vormfth St.); 

ed If 17. Tttim • months. 

Itt7 In Rnnla. Cam* 

a 1U7. RMsalTed H«- 

•dncatton. Mfr.: 7t EL 

St. 

mtfwr T. ■• B. A* Slek 
It; csmotarj. Orir- ItOt. 
tMnhlp: to. Mtotlnsi: 
and 4th Tuesdays, at 
ninton St. Prea. H. D. 
I. fit Broadway. SeCy, 
ttsffst Itt Penn St, 



B. A* Orff. 
Iffembsrahlp: 4i. Xeet- 
1st and trd Snndaya 
1 CUaton St Proa, U. 
ebon, list Klnss Hlffh- 
Kklyn. Sse'y, A. Odin, 
Brook ATa 

bllor AM Sodoty. Sick 
It; insurance; ceme- 
tr— loan. Org. If06. 
tiersbip: 80. lleetlniTs: 
ind 4tb Mondays, at S28 
onston St. Prea, Louis 
»T» lSt4 Webster Ave. 
, Baruob lienn, S6 
I St 



» ■■■■■■! Prea Chern- 
r Aid Society (SS8 B. 
Ion St); eleoted 1017. 
1 year. Bom 1881 in 
la. Came to U. a 1012. 
▼ad seaeral Jewish 



Okeesd Vc'eaMtb of Asteria 
(F* O. J. A.) Sick benefit, cem- 
etery; place of worship. Org. 
1011. Membership tl4. 
IffeeU 1st Thursday at tl 
FOrsyth St Prea, Albert 
Hasan, 88H Stanton St 
Sec'y, lUteo Russo. S4 Allen 
St 



T. M. B. A. Sick 
benefit; cemetery; free loan; 
relief: charity. Org. lOOi. 
Membership: 870. Meetings: 
8nd and 4th Saturdsya at 
80 B. 1st St Prea, Abraham 
Koch, 81 B. 1st St Sec'y. & 
J. Siesrel, 840 B. 16fth St 
Kc»eh, Abrahann, Pres. Chom- 
sker T. M B. A. (80 B. 1st 
St), since 1018. Term 6 
montha Bom 1870 in Rus- 
sia Came to U. a 1880. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Rea: 61 B. let 
St. 

Ckorostkewcr K. V. V. Sick 
benefit; cemetery; place of 
worship. Orgr. 1007. Mem- 
bership: 90. Meetings: let 
and Srd Saturdays, at 867 
B. Houston St Free., Isaac 
Grossbergr, 886 Monroe St 
Sec'y, Simon Chasld. 866 B. 
'4th St 

Groesbers^ Iseae^ Pres. Chor- 
ostkower K. U. V. (267 B. 
Houston St); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months Born 1868 
in Austria C^ame to U. a 
1808. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Blacksmith; 



r 




Pres.. Sam wisnneiier, 6zi 
Corona Ave., Corona, L. I. 
Sec'y, Leopold Bochner. 103 
Ditznas Ave., B'klyn. 
WUknetaer, Sam, President 
Chrzanower Y. M. A. (326 E. 
Houston St.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1873 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1888. Received general Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
Baker. Res.: 327 Corona 
Ave., Corona, L. I. 



Commumal Center for Oriental 
Jewa (F. O. J. A.) Aim to 

eatahlish a communal cen- 
ter for Oriental Jews. Meets 
at 12 B. 119th St. Pres., 

.< — Bdward Valensi, 110 8rd Ave. 

Sec'y, Robert Franco, 40 W. 

4^ 116th St. 



Chwadoner B. 9. Sick benefit; 
cemetery; free loan. Org. 
1906 Membership, 40. Meet- 
inffs: 2nd and 4th Sundays, 
at 83 Forsyth St. Pres., Bar- 
y net M. Mayerowitch, 277 

I Madison St. Sec'y, Max 

Goldstein, 188 Henry St. 
Mayerowitch. B a r n e t M., 
Pres. Chwadoner B. S. (83 



MITreAL AID ACDtMOQBS 



749 



on St.), slnoe 1916. 
6 months. Born iS76 
issia. Came to U. S. 
Rocelred sreneral Jew- 
(flncatlon. Ree.: 162 
St. 

ISF Y* If* B* 9* {IT* G. 
A.) Sick benefit; In- 
ee; cemetery; free 
Org. 1900. Member- 
280. Meetinsrs: Bvery 
Say. at 277 E. 7th St. 
Jacob Goldklong, 390 
h St. Sec'y. Lazarus 
block, 914 Jackson 

I k 1 • a ff, Jacob. Pres. 
Itzer Y. M. B. S. (277 
1 St.), since 1916. Term 
»nths. Born 1885 In 
ia. Came to U. S. 1900. 
ved general Jewish 
tion. Res.: 390 E. 4th 



and Draasker. Sick 
t. Org. 1909. Mem- 
ip: 60. Meets at 175 E. 
r. Pres., Louis Kaplan, 
113th St. Sec'y, Israel 
roff. 284 Christopher 
B'klyn. 

LB, LoulA, Pres. Drauer 
Dransker (176 East 
r); elected 1917. Term 
»nth8. Born 1893 In 
a. Came to U. S. 1911. 
ved Evening School 
tlon. Res.: 62 E. llSth 



Pres. Nathan Mansfield. 221 
E. 99th St. Sec'y, IC Moren- 
stein, 46 Sumner Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Mansfield, Nathaa, Pres. 
Doctor Drosen B. S. (212 E. 
104th St.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1874 
in Russia. Came to \J„ S. 
1896. Received general j;ew- 
ish and secular education. 
Painter: 368 Columbus Ave. 
Res.: 221 E. 99th St. 



B. S. Cemetery. 
1917. Membership: 36. 
ngu: 2nd and 4th Tues- 
flt 212 B. - 104th St 



Doctor L« Gelerter Rovai. T. 

M. B. A. Sick benefit; cem- 
etery; insurance. Org. 1916. 
Membership: 76. Meetings: 
2nd and 4th Wednesdays, at 
79 Forsyth St. Pres., Abra- 
ham Schwartz, 166 Allen St. 
Sec'y, M. Grossman, 89 
Grand St. Extension. B'klyn. 
Schmrarts. Abraham, Pres. 
Doctor L. Gelerter Rouma- 
nian Y. M. B. A. (79 Forsyth 
St.), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1884 in Rou- 
mania. Came to U. S. 1905. 
Received general Jewish 
and secular education. Mfgr. 
waists: 169 Allen St. Res.: 
156 Allen St. 

Dokshltaer B. S. Sick benefit; 
Insurance; cemetery; free 
loan. Org. 1896. Member- 
ship: 201. Meetings: 2nd 
and 4th Saturdays, at 82 
Clinton St. Sec'y, Bernhard 
Sokolow, 409 Ralph Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Dragachiner Prog. Aid Soc. 

Sick benefit; ins.oranoe; 
ohaNty Org. 1914. Member- 





tery V '"•"ran^ 
Kem'h "« loan. 

,^»t and Jrd <j'» 

Ave H^t,,"^ Per 
"erR ,Vr- «'«'>'• 

1 IJOJ „"*"'• cemet. 

I *t 232 Brf "•'' «- 

f- •'"•*''" ^o A*\.^'- 

T f • 10l,t It si.*'" 

' elected I," ^^''••""e 

r~' Born I87J i;^''" « " 

.- erai Jewish a„?*'=^"'* 

''""on. Re. ",!•''"''' 
St *••• 187 E, 

Oiibae, Yon, -v. 



< 



:l 



I* 
1 



KOTOAL AID ACDDTOm 



761 



tLv%. A. Pre*., David 
S69 Had! ton St. 

Abraham H«dower, 

f th St. 

, IHiTld* Prea. BlUn- 

Toung Friends' Proff. 

(17 Are. A.), since 
Term € months. Born 
I Russia. Came to U. S. 
tecelTed tr^neral Jew- 
Dcatlon. Schochet and 

Res.: S6f Hadlson St. 

I Stck sbA B. a. In- 
te; cemetery. Org 18S4. 
»rshlp: S50. Meetings: 
Dd 4th Saturdays, at 
oome St Pres., Qustay 
iteln. 6S1 W. 180th St. 

Jeremiah Hers, 166 

• 

m Ovstar Adolph» 

E«manuel Sick and B. 
IS Broome St.), since 

Term 1 year. Born 
n Oermany. Came to 

1881. Received sren- 
ducatlon. Auctioneer: 
ipenard St. Res.: 621 
Hh St 



r B. 8. Orff. 1910. 
ershlp: S€. Meetinffs: 
Qd 4th Mondays, at 82 
n St Pres., Bsther 
»r, 186 Delancey St 
A. Hlmmelbrand, 235 
Id St 

!r* Bather, Pres. Emily 
r B. & (88 Clinton St). 
1916. Term 6 months. 
1888 in Russia. Came 
S. 1906. Received sen- 
ewlsh education. Cor- 
148 Clinton St Res.: 
ilaneey St 



Brste B. A. Orgr. 1918. Mem- 
bership: 86. Meetings: Every 
Wednesday, at 198 E. 8nd 
St Pres., Harry Karpen, 64 
Lewis St Sec'y, Herman 
Fiedler, 884 B. 118th St 
Karpem, Harry, Pres. Erste 
B. A. (198 E. 8d St); elected 
1917. Term 6 montha Born 
1892 in Austria. Came to 
U. S. 1908. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
64 Iiewis St 

Brvte BlalyluuBla«r l4idlcs K. 

U* V. Sick benefit ceme- 
tery. Orgr. 1908. Member- 
ship 60. Meets 8nd and 4th 
Wednesdays at 80 (ninton 
St Pres., Hyman Roth* 69 
So. 8d St, B'klyn. Sec'y, K. 
Shramack, 6*4 So. 9th St, 
B'klyn. 

Roth, Hyman, Pres. Erste 
Blalykaminer Ladles' K. U. 
V. (82 Clinton St), since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 
1870 in Austria. Came to 
U. 8. 1887. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Cloaks: 61 E. 11th 
St Res.: 69 South 3d St, 
B'klyn. 

Brste Bmylower U. V. Place 
of worship; cemetery. Orgr. 
1904. Membership: 80. Meets 
1st and 3rd Sundays, at 66 
Orchard St Pres., Julius 
Pretsker, 35 Essex St. Sec'y. 
Morris Franklin, 148 E. 
Houston St. 

Pretsker, Julias, Pres. Erste 
Braylower U. V. (66 Orchard 
St.), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1883 in Rus- 



•r r r- ' 



Ra 



'i 



^ 



free loan. Org*. 1895. Mem- 
bership: 90. Meetingrs: 1st 

iQi and 3rd Saturdays, at 100 

Cb Bssex St. Pres., Samuel 

j^ Ellner, 262 B. 2nd St. Sec'y, 

Georgre Bllner. 165 Ridge St. 

—^ Bllner* Samael, Pres. Brste 

Budzanbwer K. U. V. (100 
Essex St.); elected 1917. 

Term 6 months. Born 1864 in 

Austria. Came to U. S. 1904. 

— - Received general Jewish 

education. Res.: 262 B. 2nd 

# 'Sti 

^\ Bnite Bakler K. U. V. Sick 

-^ benefit; cemetery. Org. 1915. 

Membership: 30. Meetings: 

1st and 8rd Sundays, at 96 

tr^ Clinton St Pres., Benjamin 

^ Litutcher, 199 Moore St., 

B'klyn. Sec'y, M. Richky, 
112 Henry St 

Lltateber, Benjamin, Pres. 
Brste Bukier K. U. V. (96 
Cainton St); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1870 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1907. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Laundry. 
Res.: 199 Moore St, B'klyn. 



a 



E 



Bmte Bunker K. V, V. Org. K 
1902. MembershiD: 14. Meet- 



MUTUAIi AID AlUUICUi 



788 



oTy, iftM Bom llftrko- 
S B. 1st 8t 



Qalatmer Frmuen U. V. 
onsrth St.), slnott 1918. 
6 montbs. Bom 1SS4 
imanla. CSam* to U. & 
lecolTod soBoral Jew- 
ncatioa. Bos.; SS B. 



rotekor K. V. ▼. Sick 
t; Insoranos; c«m«t«rsr. 
I9f. M«mb«r«lilp: 76. 
«•: 1st and Srd Ifon- 
it BOt B. Bnd St. Pres.. 
am Welntraub, 862 B. 
on St. Sec'y. Max 

768 B. 6th St. 
ra«ki Akmkasit Pres., 

Orodaker K. U. V. 
B. 2nd St.); elected 
Term 6 months. Born 
In 'Austria. Cams to 
887. Received sr^neral 
li education. Res.: 862 
uston St 

lovodcnkcr IC IT. V. 

B. J. A.) Sick benefit; 
mce; cemstsry; place 
rshlp. Orff. 1886. Mem- 
Ip: 150. Meetings: 8nd 
th Sundays, at 814 E. 
it. Pres., Berl Weiss, 
nd Are. 800*7, Charles 
r, 40 B. 7th St. 

(Mtaor IT. V. Sick ben- 
insuranoe ; cemetery ; 
of worship. Orff. 1912. 
orshlp: 60. Meetings: 
id 8rd Saturdays, at 73 
St. Prea, Max Sun- 
78 Sheriff St. Sec'y. 
n Welssr, 169 Rldsre 



SaataiTf Mas* Pros.' Brsts 
labltasr U. V. (78 RIdffs 
St.), Since 1918. Tsrm 8 
months. Bom 1878 In Rus- 
sia. C^ms to U. S. 1810. 
RocelTed general Jewish 
education. Res.: T8 Bhoriff 
St. 

Brste Kalnlkladev K» V. V. 

Sick benefit; Insurance; 
cemetery; place 08 worship; 
free loan; charity. Orir* 1801. 
Membership: 66. Meotlnffs: 
1st and 8rd Saturdays, at 98 
Clinton St. Pres^ Nathan 
Cohen, 725 B. 9th St. Sso'y, 
B. Perkus, 889 Bristol St.. 
B'klyn. 

Cohen, Nathan, Pros. Brste 
Kalnlblader K. U. V. (96 
Clinton St.): elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1866 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1801. ReoelTed general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 786 B. 
9th St. 

Bmte Knlashkovser K. U. V. 

Cemetery; place of worship. 
Orsr. 1918. Membership: 48. 
Meetlnffa: Ist and 8rd Sun- 
days, at 118 Stanton St. 
Pres., Isaac Pomper, 806 
Delancey St. Sec'y, Isaac 
Metzer, 1666 St Marks Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Pomper, Isaac, Pres. Brste 
Kulashkovzer Sick B. A. 
(112 Stanton St); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1862 in Austria. Came to 
U. S. 1908. Received general 
Jewish and secular educa- 
tion. Baffs: 26 Pitt St Res.: 
206 Delancey St 



man, 227 E. 3rd St. Sec* 
K. Hochberger, 149 Orchai 

In ^^• 

Cb Friedman, Abraham, Pre 

- Erste Lynchner B. A. ( 
^ Clinton St.): elected 191 

— Term 6 months. Born 18 

in Russia. Came to U. 
1909. Received general Je^ 

— Ish education. Res.: 227 

Srd St 

Erste BIoflTlelnleer Be 

Shamal K. U. V. Cemeter 
. Org. 1901. Membership: 2 

Meetlners: Every f o u r 1 
__ Monday at 193 E. 2nd I 

Pres.. Joseph Dollner, 394 
Ith St. Sec'y, Nathan Do! 

ner, 450 E. Slst St. 

Dollner, Joseph, Pres. Era 
"^ Mogrielnicer Beth Shamal 

U. V. (193 E. 2nd St 
" elected 1917. Term 6 montl 

Bom 1886 In Austria. Car 

- to U. S. 1903. Received gre 

eral Jewish education. Re 
894 E. 8th St. 

Erate IVoToselltscr Besn. K. 

V. Sick benefit: cemotoi 
OrRT. 1902. Mt-mbershlp: : 
Meetings: 1st nnrl Zvd S; 



lajTOJOt AID AOEMCIEB 



755 



Bhip: 240. Heetlnsrs: 
4th Tuesdays, at 98 
St. Pres.. Marcus 
. 98 Hart SU B'klyn. 
lenry Saymon. 1260 
B'klyn. 
• Marcvsy Pres. Erste 
r K. U. V. (98 Por- 
\ ; elected 1917. Term 
hs. Also Pres. of 
reus Pildescu Aid 
: B'klyn (606 Marcy 
klyn). Born 1867 in 
ia. Came to U. 8. 
celved sr^neral Jew- 
ication. Oils: 680 
t. Res.: 98 Hart St. 



Brute Slnatyaer SIek and Be- 
nevolent Ass*n. Sick benefit; 
insurance; cemetery. Ors* 
1896. Membership: 96. Meets 
2nd and 4th Sundays, at 30 
E. Ist St. Pres., B. Oeller, 
153 W. 27th St. Sec'y Joseph 
Schwartz, 1509 Brook Ave. 

Brste Splnosa .Relief Society. 

Sick benefit; insurance; 
cemetery; place of worship. 
Org:- 1896. Membership: 120. 
Meets: 1st and 3d Sundays, 
at 80 Clinton St. Pres., Jacob 
Frankel, 62 Cannon St. Sec'y, 
S. Grabel, 138 Ave. D. 



■sister D. A. Sick 
cemetery. Member- 
36. Meetings: 2nd 
L Saturdays, at 96 
St. Pres., Isaac 
40 Bible House. 
Jacob Kosier, 80 
St, B'klyn. 

iborer K. !!• T, Sick 
Insurance; ceme- 
ace of worship; free 
)rsr. 1884. Member- 
0. Meetinsrs: 1st and 
sdays, at 214 B. 2nd 
IB,, Samuel Sanders, 
7lncrton St Sec'y, 
Rinsel, 1066 Boston 

, Samnel, Pres. Erste 
Br K. U. V. (214 E. 
; elected 1917. Term 
.hs. Born 1889 in 
. Came to U. a 1902. 
d general Jewish 
>n. Res.: 206 Rlvlns- 



Brate Stanlslaner Franen K« 
U. V. Sick benefit; ceme- 
tery; free loan; relief. Orgr. 
1906. Membership: 130. 
Meetiners: 2nd -and 4 th Tues- 
days, at 209 E. 2nd St. Pres., 
Mrs. Rose Klapper, 322 K. 
4th St Sec'y, Mrs. Annie 
Himmelbrant, 235 E. 22nd 
St 

Klapper, Mrs. Rose, Pres, 
Erste Stanislauer Frauen 
K. U. V. (209 E. 2nd St), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1876 In Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1906. Received sren- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
322 E. 4th St 

Brste Salsa war Ladles' K« U. 

V. Sick benefit Orff. 1899. 
Membership: 48. Meetings: 
1st and 3rd Wednesdays, at 
94 Clinton St Pres., Mrs. 
Yetta Kesslinarer, 601 Marcy 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, Joseph 
Qewalb, 409 E. 6th St 
Kesslinirer, Yetta, Pres. Brste 



■ Cb 



Ave., iS'Kiyn. i« 

19 

Rx ante Toaster K. U. V. Sick 18 

}^ benefit; cemetery; place of U. 

worship. Org. 1898. Mem- so! 

-^ ^ bersbip: 76. Meetinss: Ist Le 

^ , and Srd Saturdays, at 209 B. 

' 2nd St Pres.. Philip Weits, Brst 

81 Ave. B. Sec'y, Samuel be 

/;. Marsrolis. 265 S. 9th St.. tei 

B'klyn. M< 

Welts, Pklllp, Pres. Erste Isi 

Touster K. U. V. (209 B. 2nd CI! 

St.); elected 1917. Term 6 H< 

: months. Born 1876 in Aus- Se 

' tria. Came to U. S. 1898. St 

Received general Jewish H 

' ' ' education. Res.: 81 Ave. B. Er 

(9< 

— ' Bnrte Uaumer B. S. Sick ben- 19: 

•fit; cemetery; free loan. 181 

^ Orsr. 1898. Membership: 178. U. 

Meetinsrs: 2nd and 4th Sun- Je 

_ days, at 100 Bssez St Pres., B. 

Louis Gallack. 364 S. 1st St., 

B'klyn. Seo'y, ^. Pushkoff, Brst 

69 B. 100th St <F 

Gallflidk* Louis, Pres. Brste ini 

Umaner B. S. (100 Essex of 

St); elected 1917. Term 6 bei 

months. Born 1892 in Rus- an 

sia. C^ame to U. 8. 1906. St 

Received general Jewish 611 

»^ and secular education. Res.: Ta 



MUTUAL AID AQXtfCSEB 



767 



Rm.: €19 B. 5tb 



SileimaB. 

8t 



9»maj Uwtmtd Al« Sm. (F. G. 

■• J. A.) Sick benefit; cem- 
•Ury; place of worship. Org. 
UI7. ICemberslilp: 80. Meet- 
luffi: Ut and trd Saturday!, 
at IS Pitt 8t Free., M. 
Ttlehmaii, B06 Delancey St. 
Sec'y, O. Baumsarten. 108 
Lewis St 

'V^tckaaa, M^ Free. Family 
Hutnal Aid 8o& (IS Pitt St) 
ilBca lOlS. Term f months. 
Born 1868 in Austria. Came 
to TJ. S. 1906. Received sren- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Res.: 206 Delancey 
St 

'■ttle Slesel Bcrlader La- 
*^ Slek to. A. Sick benefit; 
place of worship. Member- 
aUp: 100. Meetings: 2nd 
and 4th Tuesdays, at 106 
l^nyth St Pres., Isaac 
Korman. 8 W. 111th St. 
SeCy. S. Blumfeld, 240 E. 
>lit St 

Kotauui, Isaae, Fres. Fannie 
Kegel Berlader Ladies' Sick 
B. A. (106 FOrsyth St), since 
IH9. Term 6 months. Born 
1164 in Roumania. Came to 
tr. 8L 1885. Received general 
Jtwish and secular educa- 
tfon. Tailor. Res.: 9 w 
lUth 8t 

*bst AvHtekever U. V. Sick 

benefit; cemetery; free loan. 

Org. 1911. Membership: 37. 

Meetings: 2nd and 4th Sat- 

nrdaysi at 88 Forsyth St 

Abraham Nudelman. 



860 SL 121st 8t Seo'y, L 
Fishman, 64 E. 120th St 
Nadelauui, Abmham* Pres. 
First Avritchever U. V. (88 
Forsyth St); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1877 
in Russia. C^ame to U. S. 
1911. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 880 E. 
121st St 

First Beli^tser B. S* Ceme- 
tery; free loan. Orsr* 1918. 
Membership: 86. Meetings: 
Ist and 3rd Saturdays, at 86 
Attorney St Pres., Isaac 
Lerman, 637 E. 6th St Sec'y, 
M. Salts, 66 Lewis St 

Lermaa, Isaac, Pres. First 
Belgetzer B. S. (86 Attorney 
St), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1882 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1911. 
Attended public school. Fish 
Dealer: 136 Suffolk St Res.: 
637 E. 6th St 

First Berear Mnneaemer 8. B. S. 

Sick benefit; insurance; 
cemetery; free loan. Orif. 
1901. Mem be r ship: 862. 
Meetings: Ist and 8rd Sat- 
urdays, at 214 E. 2nd St 
Pres., Bernard Mermelstein, 
485 E. Houston St Seo*y, J. 
B. Kain« 870 E. 4th St 

Mermelstein, Beraard* Pres« 
Beregr Muncaczer S. B. S. 
(214 E. 2nd St); elected 
1917. Term Omonths. Born 
1875 in Hungrary. Came to 
U. S. 1901. Received STen- 
eral Jewish education. Res- 
taurant. Res.: 486 B. Hous- 
ton St. 



Ri 
In 
Cb 



Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, Rose 
Hammerman, 32 Jackson St. 
Grelf, Herman, Pres. First 
Boryslaver Y. L.. B. A. (17 
Ave. D); elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1879 in 
Austria. Came to U. S. 1897. 
Received general Jewish 
and secular education. Res.: 
184 Riverdale Ave., B'klyn. 

Flrat Botaschaiier Ijadles' Aid. 

Sick benefit; cemetery: free 
loan. Orsr. 1904. Meetingrs: 
1st ahd 8rd Mondays, at 83 
Forsyth St. Pres. Mrs. Sarah 
Berkowitz, 160 S. 8rd St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Mrs. Sarah 
Rosenthal. 1412 Madison 
Ave. 

BerkowltSt Sarah* Pres. 
First Botashaner Ladies' Aid 
(85 Forsyth St.). since 1914. 
Term $ months. Born 1872 
in Roumania. Came to U. S. 
1896. Received ireneral Jew- 
ish education. Rea: 160 S. 
3rd St., B'klyn. 

Flrat Bratslower PoMloIer Aid 
Soc. Sick beneflt; Insurance; 
cemotery. Org. 1914. Mem- 



Launc 
Res.: 



First B 

Sick ^ 
loan, 
ship: 
Srd Si 
St. I 
317 E 
Zitom 
B'klyi 

Edela 

First 
B. A 
electe 
Born 
toU. 
eral 
Mfgr. 
14 W 
4th S 

First D 
(F. B 

insure 
loan, 
ship: 
4th T 

St. T 
1473 I 
Abrar 



MUTUAL AID AOBNOUS 



759 



Vint C1i«rBoatoTer T • r e I n . 

81ck benefit; cemetery. Org.: 
1910. Uembershlp: 40. Mttt- 
ingt: 2nd and 4th Sundays, 
At tS ainton St. Pres.. B. 
OralDick. 168 B. 2nd St. 
Sec'y. 8am Stroy, 94 Willett 
St 

GnOalA, B^ Pres. First 
ChemostoTer Verein (82 
CUnton St.), since 1916. 
Tenn 6 months. Bom 1880 
in RoMla. Cams to U. S. 
1*01. ReceiTed general Jew- 
ish education. Iffetal Tile: 
Ut S. 2trd St Res.: 168 E. 
todBt 

**»* Choeimercr K. V, T. Sick 
^n«flt. insurance, cemetery, 
'ree loan . Orgr. 1904. Mem- 
bership 45. Meets Ist and 
M Sundays at 146 Suffolk 
B^ Pres., Joseph Ruben - 
•*«*n, 119 Broome St Sec'y. 

^^r Gerber. 296 B, 2nd 

St 

^■WutelB. Joseph, Pres. 
"f»t Chocimerer K. U. V. 
(145 Suffolk St.) ; elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1882 
In Russia. Came to U. S. 
1^. Received general edu- 
cttlon. Res.: 119 Broome 
8t 

Int PeMfc r siff Ha cr lITolilTiier 
Awa^ Cemetery; insurance. 
Org. 1915. Membership: 60. 
Ifeetinffs: Ist and Srd Sat- 
urdays, at 106 Fdrsyth St. 
Pros., Jacob Bresrman. 314 
Madison St Sec'y, Louis 
Klorman, 88 Amboy St. 
Pies— » Jacob* Pres. First 
Dembrowitser Wohlyner 



Ass'n., (108 Forsyth St); 
eltcudl&i:. Ti.rm 6 months. 
Born IbbO in U. S. deceived 
public school e^iucaiion. In- 
surance: 141 W. 12uth St 
Res.: 314 Madison St 

First DlBSkowoler K. U. V. 

Sick benefit. Orsr. 1916. 
Membership: 39. Meetlnirs: 
2nd and 4th Mondays, at 10 
W. 114 th St. Pres.. Oscar 
Cohen, 21 Forest St, Corona, 
L. I. Sec'y, M. Myerhoff, 
652 Stone Ave., B'klyn. 

Ftrst Dorfclnsker Y. M. B. S. 

Orsranlsed 1917. Mem- 
bership 45. Meets 2nd and 
4th Mondays at 82 Clinton 
St Pres., Charles Katcher, 
29 Ridsre St. Sec'y, Charles 
Marks. 791 Dawson St. 

First Drasffhver Y. M. Proar* 
Soc« Sick benefit; cemetery; 
charity. Org. 1914. Mem- 
bership: 90. Meetings: 1st 
and 3rd Saturdays, at 82 
Clinton St. Pres., Elijah 
Felnerman, 713 E. 6th St 
Sec'y, Kieve Muneman, 312 
Henry St 

FelBerman, Elijah, Pres. First 
Drazshver Y. M. Progr. Soc. 
(82 Clinton St), since 1914. 
Term 6 months. Born 1870 
In Russia. Came to U. S. 
1900. Received greneral Jew- 
ish education. Connected 
with Slngrer Sewlngr Machine 
Co. Res.: 713 E. 6th St 

First Drohobyeser Ladies' Soc. 

Sick benefit; charity. Org. 
1918. Membership: 50. Meet- 



. - Drohobyczer Ladies' S o c . 

(276 E. Houston St.). sinco 

H£ 1915. Term 6 months. Born 

In 1874 In Hungary. Came to 

^" U. S. 1890. Received penornl 

L Jewish education. Res.: 880 

E. 8th St. 

First Drabltner Ladles' Sick 

aad B. S. Org. 1916. Mem- 

— bershlp: 60. Meetlngrs: 2nd 

and 4th Sundays, at 10 Ave. 

- — D. Pres., Benjamin Pessy, 

60 Columbia St. Sec'y, Israel 
Braverman, 30 Lewis St. 

— - FcMiy* BeBjamln, Pres. First 

Drubllner Ladies' Sick and 

— B. S. (10 Ave. D.); elected 

1917. Term 6 months. Born 

_. 1886 in Russia. C^me to 

U. S. 1906. Received general 
^ Jewish and secular educa- 

tion. Res.: 60 Columbia St. 

^ First Dalkower C b e r r a ta. 

Cemetery; place of worship. 
Org:. 1898. Membership: 27. 
Meets fortnlffhtly at 77 
Sheriff St. Pros., Benjamin 
Fleischer, 92 Qoerck St. 
Sec'y, Joseph Warbel. 126 
Columbia St. 

FlelHcher, Benjamin. Pre» 
Dzlkower Chevrah (77 Sher- 



XUTOAli AID AUBN'Uliai 



t6l 



Inffton dt); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1891 
In Austria. Term 6 months. 
Bom 1891 In Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1906. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
84f B. Srd St 

If 1 r s t Harlaaer RowBaalaB 
tick B. S. Sick bensflt; 
Insurance; cemetery. Orff. 
im. Membership: 98. Meet- 
ings: 8nd and 4th Thursdays 
at 81 Forsyth St Pros., 
Charles O. Relder, 1067 Fox 
St Seo'y. Lfouis Davidson. 
218 E. 182nd St. 

Hcidcr, Cfearlcfl G^ Pres. 
Blrat Harlauer Roumanian 
Sick a 8. (79 Forsyth St.); 
«lect«d 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1884 in Roumania. 
Came to U. a 1903. Received 
a Public School Education. 
SUkt and Dress Goods: 215 
^th Ave. Res.: 1067 Fox St. 

"'■t Rarlem Ib4* RoumaBian 

AK See. Sick benefit; free 
loan. Org, 1916. Member- 
ship: 78. Meetings : 2nd and 
4th Thursdays, at 212 B. 
W4th St Pres., David Jar- 
•ehower, 411 B. 100th St 
8m>. H. Prince. 886 B. 95th 
8t 

ittiehewer, David, Pres. 
first Harlem Ind..Roumani- 
*n Aid Soc. (212 E. 104th 
8th since 1916. Terms 6 
months. Born 1879 in Aus- 
tria. C^me to XJ. a 1894. 
Received general Jewish 

and secular education. Res.: 

■118 B. 100th St 



First Heblrew Bakers^ Sick B. 

8. Sick benefit; cemetery; 
place of worship. Orgr* 1872. 
Membership: 260. Meetings: 
2nd and 4th Fridays, at 10 
Ave. D. Pres., Meyer Lam- 
pel, 7 Manhattan St. Seo'y, 
Abraham Adler, 1861 Brook 
Ave. 

Lampel, Meyer, Pres. First 
Hebrew Bakers' Sick B. 
S. (10 Ave. D.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1866 In 
Austria. Came to U. S. 1899. 
Received sr^neral Jewish 
education. Baker. Res.: 7 
Manhattan St 



First Hnviaer aBd Tartiker 
Ass'a. Sick benefit; place of 
worship. Org:. 1906. Mem- 
bership: 80. Meetings: 2nd 
and 4th Saturdays, at 67 
Clinton St Pres., Isidore 
Letster, 319 E. 10th St Sec'y, 
I. Lanton, 11 Pitt St 
L«tster, Isld€»re, Pres. First 
Huviner and Tartiker Ass'n 
(67 Clinton St), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1882 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1910. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 819 E. 
10th St 

First lBd« Gastiaiaer B. Asa^. 
Sick benefit; cemetery; free 
loan. OrfiT. 1907. Member- 
ship: 100. Meets: 2nd and 
4 th Wednesdays, at 98 For- 
syth St Pres., Abraham 
Brown, 119 2nd Ave. Sec'y, 
Isaac Oluckson, 247 E. 123d 
St 

First lad. Hasiatyaer 8iek aad 

B. S. Sick benefit; ceme- 



■ Ind. Huslatyner Sicic and a. 

S. (73 Ludlow St.): elected 

H^. 1917. Term 6 months. Born 

Cta 1S76 in Austria. Came to 

, U. 8. 1904. Received sen- 

•ral Jewish and secular 
education. Musician. Res. : 
267 B. 2nd St. 

i Flv»t iBd. MlkwlBlMV 81ek aad 

B. A« Sick benefit; cemetery, 
y^^ Ore 1888. Membership: 180. 

Ifeetlnse: ^nd and ^th Sat- 
urdays, at 214 EL 2nd St. 
% — . Pres.. Nathan Rammer, 190 

SL 2nd St. Seo'y, H. Resen, 
-J 261 B. 4th St. 

Raauser, Natham, Pree. First 
-_^ Ind. Mikulnizer Sick and B. 

A. (214 B. 2nd St.); elected 

1917. Term 6 months. Born 
[^ : 1872 in Austria. Came to 

U. S. 1911. Received gen- 
" eral Jewish education. Res.: 

190 B. 2iid St 



Ik 



nmt lad. Pvltasker U. V. 
(F. R. P. H. A.) Sick bene- 
"ilf; cemetery; free loan. 
Org. 1901. Membership: 280. 
Meetlngra: 2nd and 4th Tues- 
days, nt 77 Delancey St. 
Pros., Max Welnstein, 1753 



XDTUAL AID AGBNOm 



763 



benhlp: tO. Ifeetlnffs: let 
iLnd Ird Saturdajri, at tO E. 
Itt St PrM^ An 8 oh el 
nelis, 426 B. f th St. Sec'y, 
Morrli HersehkovltB. 14 B. 
UOth St 

VkUm, ABAchel* Pres. First 
KitUTer K. U. V. (80 B. Ist 
St). Blnce 1916. Term 6 
montht. Bom 1870 in Aus- 
trli. Came to U. a 1018. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Buttons. Res.: 
4tl B. 6th St 

''■■t Kleevaaer B. A. Sick 
^cflt; cemetery; place of 
worship. Membership: 144. 
MeeUngs: Snd and 4th Hon- 
^n. tt 78 liQdlow St Pres., 
8^ Qootman, 816 B. 101st 
8t 860*7, Philip GlaUtein, 
MU La Fontaine Ave. 
Oeetwui, Smm, Pres. First 
Klcemner B. A. (78 Ludlow 
St.); elected 1917. Term 6 
BBOQths. Born 1867 in Rus- 
sia. CBme to U. S. 1902. 
RccelTed sreneral Jewish 
*Bd secular education. Car- 
Pcater. Rea: 816 B. 101st 
8t 

liat KUnUatorer T o « a s 
VHoMU^ B. A. Sick benefit 
Ory. 1916. Membership: 60. 
Heetinsa: Snd and 4th Sat- 
Qrdajrs, at 8 Are. D. Pres.. 
Ktthan Schneider, 288 Stan- 
ton St Seo'y, Charles Oit- 
Ur, 62 Pitt St 

6ehBeMcr, Natbaa, Pres. 
First KllmintOYer Young 
Friends' B. A. (8 Ave. D), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Bora 1896 In Russia. Came 



to U. S. 1909. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
288 Stanton St 

First KlbaoatoTer Sick B. A. 

Sick benefit; insurance ; 
cemetery. Org. 1906. Mem- 
bership: 115. Meetings: 1st 
and 8rd Saturdays, at 92 
Columbia St Pres., Sam 
Factor, 88 Lewis St Sec'y, 
M. Silverman, 99 Mangin St. 
Factor, Sam, Pres. First 
Klimontover Sick B. A. (92 
Columbia St); elected 1917. 
Term 6 montha Born 1886 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1906. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Mfgr. Pants: 
296 Stanton St Res.: 88 
Lewis St 

First Knlhlnla Staalslaaer K. 
U. V. (F. G. B. J. A.) Sick 
benefit; cemetery. Org. 1907. 
Membership: 125. Meetings: 
1st and 3rd Saturdays, at 
146 SufTolk St. Pres., Abra- 
ham Brzerzaner, 1023 Long- 
wood Ave. Sec'y, Louis 
Gross, 257 E. 3rd St. 

BrserBaaer, Abraham, Pres. 
First Knihlnin Stanislauer 
K, U. V. (145 Suffolk St); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1877 in Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1902. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
1023 Longwood Ave. 

First Koplslanliiher K. U. V. 

Org. 1903. Membership: 13. 
Meetings: 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays. Pres., I. Stelnholtz. 
169 Essex St Sec'y, I. Pol- 
lak. 200 Delancey St 



Rr 



sswLiyu. ovu jr. o. f laiimiiii, 
258 E. 2nd St. 

Schwart>, Jacob, Pres. First 
in Koritzer B. A. (151 Clinton 

Ch St.), since 1912. Term 6 pj 

^ months. Born 1874 in Rus- 

sia. Came to U. S. 1901. 
— Receired general Jewish 

education. Res.: 1612 Pit- 
kin Ave.. B'klyn. 



First Koaoiver Sick and B. A. 
<F. G. B. J, A.) Sick bene- 
fit; cemetery; place of wor- 
ship; free loan. Orgr. 1897. 
Membership: 150. Meetinsrs: 
2nd and 4th Sundays, at 165 
Suffolk St. Pres., Morris 
Rothstein, 451 E. 171st St. 
Sec'y, J. Blatt. 3780 Park 
Ave. 



Rothstein, Morris, Pres. 
First Kozower Sick and B. 
A. (166 Suffolk St.), since 
1914. Term 6 months. Born 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1887. Received Public School 
education. Jeweler. Res. : 
461 E. 17l8t St. 



PI 



S 



3 

First Krasner Sick B. S. Sick j 

benefit; cemetery. Org. 1905. i 

Membership: 100. Meetlncrs: } 



MUTUAL AID AOBNOIBS 



765 



itctescr B. A. 

CttmeUry; free loan. Orff. 

lt»7. Membership: 180. 

Iteetlnss: l«t and Srd Sun- 

day^ at 80 CUnton St. Pres.. 
aamnel Bersak, 201 AUen St. 
aeoTjr, N. Brevda, 80 DeUn- 
oey 8t 

Bcnak, 8a«ael» Prea. First 
Kremeatchairer B. A. (80 
Clinton St.); elected 1817. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1880 
In Russia. Came to U. S. 
1*01. Received Public School 
education. Mfffr. tobacco. 
Rm.: 101 Allen St 

Vint Lvblaer Proir* B«m. 

Aafi. Cemetery. Orir- 1811. 
Venbership: 41. Meetings: 
l*tand Srd Saturdays, at 73 
I<udlow St. Pres., Abraham 
l(org«nitern. 258 S. 10th St. 
S«c']r, Hyman Mbltman, 118 
W. Jrd St. 

**rseaaterB, Abrahaaif Pres. 

^Irat Lubiner Proff. Ben. 

^'n (78 Ludlow St.). since 

Ills. Term 6 months. Born 

^'1 in Russia. C^me to U. 

^ 1895. Received general 

swish and secular educa- 

0^ Children's dresses and 

yi' suiU: 488 E. 8th St. 

a: 268 E. 10th St. 

llaidaaer Y. M. B. A. 

' benefit: cemetery; free 

Org. 1910. Member- 

90. Meetlngrs: Every 

lay, at 8 Ave. D. Pres.. 

*e Kanarfogrel, 827 B. 

. Sec'y, Philip Biineld. 

t Marks PI. 

fosei* Isidore. Pres. 
Vfaldaner T. M. B. A. 



(8 Ave. D); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1892 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1910. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 827 E. 
Srd St. 

Plrst ManlMtHseher B. A. Sick 
benefit; insurance; ceme- 
tery; free loan; charity. Orff. 
1908. Membership: 85. Meet- 
ings: 1st and Srd Saturdays, 
at 161 Cainton St. Pres., H. 
Rablnowitz, 44 Williams 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, B. Pit- 
elbaum. 274 S. 2nd St.. 
B'klyn. 

Flret Marataroah Yeuas 
Ladlea A. S.^ Sick benefit 
cemetery. Org*. 1914. Mem- 
bership 100. Meets 1st and 
Srd Wednesdays at 257 E. 
Houston St. Pres., Bessie 
Engelman, 546 W. 88th St. 
Sec'y, Harry Cohen, 840 
Hinsdale St., B'klyn. 

EBgleman, Beanie, Pres. 
First Marmarosh T. L. A. S. 
(257 E. Houston St.); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1895 In Austria. Came to 
U. S. 1909. Received gren- 
eral education. Neckwear 
Worker. Res.: 546 W. 39th 
St. 

PIrat Nadworner K. U. V. (F. 
G. B. J. A.) Sick benefit; 
cemetery; place of worship. 
Org. 1897. Membership: 185. 
Meetlngrs: Ist and Srd Sun- 
days, at 62 E. 4th St. Pres.. 
Harry Yagrer, 761 E. 6th St. 
Sec'y. Abraham Traub, 68 B. 
l8t St. 



■^ 



St 



l^ First Nad^romer H, M. B. A. 

Cb (F. G. D. J. A.) Sick benefit: 

y cemetery. Or^. 1910. Mem- 

bersblp: 40. Meetingr*: Ist 

— and 3rd Tuesdaya, at 169 

Rivinffton St. Pres., Harry 
Shuster, 197 Allen St. Sec'y. 

— - D. Werner, 881 Alabama 

Ave., B'klyn. 

. — ShiiBtcr, Harry, Pres. First 

Nadworner T. M. B. A. (159 
RlvinfiTton St.); elected 1917. 

— Term 6 months. Born 1885 

in Austria. Came to U. S. 

. 1904. Received fireneral Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
^ Res.: 197 Allen St 

^ First New Konstantlner Aid 

Soc Sick benefit; Insurance: 
_ cemetery; place of worship. 

OriT* 1907. Membership: 110. 
Meetinar*: l*t and 3rd Sat- 
urdays, at 68 Ludlow St. 
Pres., Benjamin Tromberg, 
220 Lebanon Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec'y. M. Dlament 19 W. 
115th St 

TromberflT, Benjamin, Pron. 
First New Konstantlner Aid 



^ *• #» » 



MUTUAL AID AGENCIES 



767 



5 months. Born 1888 
itria. Came to U. S. 
Leceived general Jew- 
ication. Men's coats: 
(way. Res.: &51 Grand 

rlnlTer Coaff. B. A« 

nee; cemetery. Org. 
lembership: 70. Meet- 
Snd and 4tli Sundays, 
: Broome St. Pres., 
Beckelman, 68 Mc- 
i St.. B'klyn. Sec'y, 
mowsky, 114 EUery 
dyn. 

mum^ Harris, Pres. 
er CODff. B. A. (232 
e St.); elected 1917. 
S months. Born 1874 
ssla. Came to U. S. 
leceived general Jew- 
id secular education. 
Res.: 68 McKlbben 
klyn. 

troTcr K. V. Y, Sick 
:; insurance; ceme- 
Org. 1905. Member- 
L20. Meetings: 2nd and 
aturdays, at 328 E. 
>Q St. Pres., Sam 
211 Eldridge St. Sec'y. 
iTeinstein, 142 Norfolk 

Smmk, First Ostrover 
V. (328 E. Houston 
lince 1916. Term 6 
8. Born 1878 in Rus- 
Came to U. S. 1909. 
'ed general Jewish 
ion. Woolens: 240 
ge St. Res.: 211 El- 
St. 

It rower Peace and 

a. Sick benefit; 



insurance; cemetery. Org. 
1908. Membership: 68. Meet- 
ings: 2nd and 4th Sundays, 
at IFl Clinton St. Pres., 
Harnett Spanover. 1675 St. 
Marks Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
J. Greenberg, 136 Amboy 
St., B'klyn. 

Spaaover, Baractt, Pres. Os- 
t r o w e r Peace and Love 
Ass'n (151 Clinton St.), since 
1908. Term 6 months. Born 
1872 in Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1893. Received general 
Jewish education. CHothier: 
48 Willet St. Res.: 1576 St 
Marks Ave., B'klyn. 

First Ottyaler T. M. B. A. (F. 

G. B. J. A.) Sick benefit; 
insurance; cemetery. Org. 
1900. Membership: 180. 
Meetings: 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays, at 214 E. 2nd St. 
Pres., Charles Baroner, 270 
E. 4th St. Sec'y, I. Haber. 
1069 Tiffany St. 
Baroaer, Charles, Pres. First 
Ottynler Y. M. B. A. (214 B. 
2nd St.); elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1876 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1901. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Res.: 270 B. 4th 
St. 

First Oseraacr B. A. Sick 
benefit, cemetery, free loan. 
Org. 1902. Membership 95. 
Meets 1st and 3rd Sundays 
at 106 Forsyth St. Pres, 
Michael Barr, 54 Henry St 
Sec'y, Barnett Resnlck, 141 
Kosciusko St. B'klyn. 

Barr, Michael, Pres. First 
Ozeraner B. A. (106 Forsyth 



street), since ISIB, Tsrm 1 
year. Bont IBS I In Rus- 
■ta. Came to U. 8. 1902. 
Received seneral J e w I ■ li 
education. Lumber. Rei. : 
14 H«nr7 St 

Flnl Platrcr Rout. Sick B. S. 

<F. R. J. A.) Slok benefit: 
Insurance; cemetery; free 
loan. Ore- ISOO. Hem be r- 
■hlp: IGl. Heetlnffs: lat and 
Srd Tuesday a, at GT St. 
Marks PI. Pres., Naftale 
Feler, lit Bldrldgs St. Sec'y. 
Sarouel Oreenberg, (DT B. 
Gib Bt. 

Felcr, Naflale. Pres. Plral 
Platrer Bourn. Slok B. S. {E7 
St. Marks PI.): elected 1917. 



tod Uld 4 th Bund 
BL Houston St. 
Huebsher. 611 f 
At*. Bao'y. Bm 
11 1st Ave. 
Bockshcr, >■■>> 
Potak-Zlotoy D 
(ITS B. Houston i 
1917. Born ISSt 
Catne to V. B. 
eel Ted general J 
secular education 
Prospect Ave. 



V. V. sick ben 
ance: cemetery, 
sblp: «0. HeeUn 

'i'th Sundays at 
St. Pres., IxiulB 
m Kelly St. S* 
W^insker, 8S5 Be 

I'raahkower Brlld 
(98 Forsyth St 




ttOTblL AJD AOXSCiBB 



769 



Islar Sick Beacro- 

tr. Sick benefit, 
cemetery, free 
:. 1889. Member- 
Meets l8t and Srd 
t 214 E. 2nd St. 
3ph Shnitxer, 708 
Sec'y, Solomon 
t58 B. Srd St 
oaepl^ Pres. First 
Sick B. S. (214 
L); elected 1917. 
Dnths. Born 1886 
Received men- 
tion. Qrocer. Res.: 
St. 

ilkcr B. S. Ceme- 
of worship. Org. 
bership 55. Meets 
d Saturdays at 86 
St, Pres., Benj. 
>lumbia St. Sec'y, 
rff, 249 B. Srd St 

WelM K. U. V. 

it; insurance; 

Membership: 65. 
2nd and 4th Sat- 
17 Ave. A. Pres.. 
andel, 1043 Tin- 
Sec' y, A. Schech- 

9th St 

flolpk, Pres. First 
iss K. U. V. (17 

lince 1917. Term 

Born 1867 in 

ame to U. S. 1887. 

sreneral Jewish 

Cutter of cloaks. 

Tinton Ave. 



Sick 

netery. Org. 1904. 
p 100. Meetingrs 
'd Sundays at 67 



B. 8th St Pres., M. Mosh- 
kowitz. 110 St Marks PI. 

Sec'y. A. Fishman, 815 B. 
16l8t St 

First Rovaer Sick B. A. Sick 
benefit; insurance; ceme- 
tery. Orff. 1897. Member- 
ship: 100. Meetlnffs: 1st and 
Srd Sundays, at 82 Clinton 
St Pres., Max Harris, 4601 
Srd Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, S. 
Carduner, 7S W. 118th St 
Harris, Max, Pres. First 
Rovner Sick B. A. (82 Clln- 
tin St), since l9l6. Term 1 
year. Born 1889 In Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1907. Received 
ereneral Jewish education. 
Real estate: 4601 Srd Ave., 
B'klyn. 

First Sassover K. U. V. Sick 
benefit; insurance; ceme- 
tery; place of worship; free 
loan; charity. Org*. 1909. 
Membership: 100. Meetinsra: 
Ist and 3rd Saturdays, at 96 
Cninton St Pres., S. Hoch, 
847 Gates Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, H. Qrossfell, 86 Col- 
umbia St 

First Sisters^ Stryjcr B. 8. 

Sick benefit; cemetery. Orff* 
1893. Membership: 65. Meet- 
ingrs: 2nd and 4th Sundays, 
at 214 E. 2nd St Pres., Mrs. 
Anna Kellhofer, 212 B. 
B'way. Sec'y, S. Kleinman, 
69 E. Srd St 

Kellhofer, Aima, Pres. First 
Sisters' Stryjer Benefit Soc. 
(214 E. 2nd St), since 1906. 
Term 1 year. Bom 1865 in 
Austria. Came to U. 8. 1888. 




^^ at- '"- *'" !l'»vv .>-:t. ii. >: . .Mi-5. 

In- ^- EiH:ir. 4o01 Beauloit 

Ch Ave., Jilchmond Hill, L. I. 

^ Sec'y. Bessie Juran, 257 

Broome St. 
— Brffer, Mr«. Sn Pres. First 

Solotwlner Ladies' Sick and 
B. A. C78 Ludlow St.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1877 in Hungary. Came 
to U. S. 1893. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Res.: 4361 Beaufort 
— " Ave., Richmond Hill, L. L 

" Flmt Sorokcr Bessarabler M. 

A« S. Sick benefit: insur- 

ance; cemetery; place of 

worship; free loan. Or^. 
_ 1897. Membership: 165. 

Meetingrs: 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays, at 143 Suffolk St. 
" Pres., Joseph Roginsky, 755 

Vermont St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Max Danxeker, 80 Varct St., 
B'klyn. 

RofflBsky, Joseph, Prcs. 
First Soroker Bess. M. A. S. 
(143 SufColk St.), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1884 
in Rus.sla. Came to U. S. 
1910. Received Public School 



KUTTTAL AID AGENCIES 



771 



E^ibllc School edu- 
hlrU: 172 Lorlmer 
I. Res.: 67 Sumner 
yn. 

mer Ladletf' Sick 

Cemetery. Orgr. 
mbershlp: 110. 
let and 8rd Sat- 
: 10 Ave. D. Free.. 
jrry, 1078 Stebblns 
y, Hannah Plnkel- 
WlUett St.. B'klyn. 
■ther, Pres. First 
LAdles' Sick and 
Ave. D); elected 
•m € months. Born 
. Y. Received ele- 
education. Book- 
Res.: 1078 Stebbins 



embover Yoviiff 
Soc. Sick benefit; 
5; cemetery; free 
•g. 1907. Member- 
Meetings: 2nd and 
lays, at 146 Suffolk 
L, Max Brown. 874 
St. Sec*y. Isaac 
r. 708 B. 6th St 
Max* Fres. First 
Br Younar Friends' 
6 Suffolk St); 
»17. Term 6 months. 
1 in Austria. Came 
. 1907. Res.: 874 
t 

yner K« IT. T* Sick 
semetery. Org. 1900. 
hip: 100. Meetingrs: 
4th Sundays. Pres., 
iernfleld, 115 Essex 
y. Nathan Samuels. 
ne St, B^klyn. 



Bernflcld, PUllp, Pres. First 
. Tycsyner K. U. V. (828 B. 
Houston St), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1886 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1902. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Stationery. 
Res.: 115 Bssex St 

• 

First Unsarer Toiwg Frleada^ 
S. and B. Society, 8-10 Ave. 
D. Org. 1917. Membership: 
150. Pres.. Jacob Marko- 
witz. 95 Lewis St Sec'y. 
Louis Sellg. 334 B. 86th St 

Flrat Uscle Zleloaer K. V, V. 

Sick benefit; cemetery; free 
loan; place of worship. Org. 
1911. Membership: 40. Meet- 
ings: 2nd and 4th Saturdays, 
at 326 E. Houston St. Pres., 
Philip Weissman. 26 St 
Marks PI. Sec'y, Sam Chab- 
en, 366 E. 4th St 
IVelMman, Philip, Pres. First 
Uscie Zieloner K. U. V. (826 
E. Houston St.); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1881 in Austria. Came to 
U. S. 1906. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
26 St Marks PI. 

First WamclMiaer Sick Relief 
Ass'n <F. It P. J. A.) Place 
of worship: free loan. Org. 
1902. Membership: 72. Meet- 
ings: 2nd and 4th Saturdays, 
at 79 Forsyth St. Pres., 
Moses Hyman, 882 Kelly St 
Sec'y, M. Borngold. 
Hyman, Moses, Pres. First 
Warschauer Sick Relief 
Ass'n (79 Forsyth St); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 



■s 



— • Baer Sick B. A. (F. G. B. J. 

A.). Sick benefit; cemetery; 

Ri place of worship; free loan. 

JjJ Orgr. 1908. Membership: 130. 

Meetingrs; 8nd and 4th Sun- 
L days, at 17 Ave. A. Pres.. 

Joel Laufer, 194 Stanton 

St. Sec'y, S. Sporn. 126 St. 
Marks PI. 

, Laofer* J<»cl, Pres. First 

Wascowltxer Bukowinaer 
Sick B. A. (17 Ave. A): 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1878 in Austria. Came 
to U. 8. 1909. Received gren- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
194 Stanton St. 

First Werencaanker Bnkowl- 

^^ ner S. B. A* Sick benefit; 

cemetery. Orgr. 1910. Mem- 

_. bership: 60. Meetingrs: 2nd 

and 4th Tuesdays, at 67 
Clinton St. Pres., Joseph 

" Brenner, S48 B. Houston St. 

Sec'y, Sam Katz, 98 Ludlow 
St. 

Breaiier, Joseph, Pres. First 
Werencsanker Bukowiner S. 
B. A. (67 Cainton St.). since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 
1880 in Austria. Camo to U. 
S. 1900. Received j^rencral 
Jewish education. R«'s.: 24S 



MUTUAL AID AGBN9IEB 



778 



ofaltaer K« tJ. Y. 

leflt; cemetery; 
vrorship. Org, 189S. 
hip: 140. Meeting*: 
4 th Mondays, at 17 
Pres.. M. Mlnzer, 52 
▼e., B'klyn. Sec'y. 
Horalck, 870 Miller 
lyn. 

i^ Pres. First Yog' 
K. U. V. (17 Ave. 
e 1915. Term 6 

Bom 1878 in Aus- 
ime to U. S. 1901. 

general Jewish 
1. Tailor. Res.: 52 
ire., B'klyn. 

• Btokvpler V. V. 

sflt; cemetery; place 
ip. Org. 1896. Mem- 
160. Meetingrs: Ist 
Saturdays, at 73 
St. Pres., Isaac 
d, 107 Rlvinffton St. 
las. €k>ldman, 1081 
St. 

d, iMUie, Pres. First 
skupier U. V., since 
trm 6 months. Born 
Austria. Came to 
8. Received general 
and secular educa- 
leet Metal Workers: 
B. Res.: 107 Riv- 
t 

dtMr K. IT. V. (P. O. 

Sick benefit; cem- 
ace of worship; free 
tiarlty. Orgr. 1893. 
ihlp: 115. Meetingrs: 

4th Saturdays, at 

'e St. Pres., Nathan 

102 Suffolk St. 

ouls Friedman, 883 

St 



Metaser, Natkan, Pres. First 
Zalositzer (118 Ridge St), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1878 in Austria^ Came 
to U. S. 1895. Received sen- 
era! Jewish education. Res.: 
102 Suffolk St 

First Zaalover B. A* Sick 
benefit; insurance; ceme- 
tery. Org. 1896. Member- 
ship: 85. Meetings: 2nd and 
'4th Sundays, at 151 Clinton 
St. Pres., Jacob Shuchman, 
1148 40th St., B'klyn. Seo'y, 
Harry Schechter, 1905 Douff- 
las Ave., B'klyn. 
Skaehinaii* Jacob, Pres. SHrst 
Zaslover B. A. (151 Clinton 
St.), since 1915. Term 6 
months. Born 1883 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1897. 
Received general Jewish 
and secular education. 
Salesman. Res.: 1148 40th 
St., B'klyn. 

First ZbaroBer Relief See. Sick 
benefit, insurance, cemetery, 
place of worship. Org. 1896. 
Membership 118. Meets 1st 
and 3rd Sundays at 82 Clin- 
ton St. Pres., Jacob Frank- 
el, 62 Cannon St Sec'y* S. 
Orabel, 138 Ave. D. 
Fmakel, Jacob, Pres. P*ir8t 
Zbaroser K. U. V. (80 Clinton 
St); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1878 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1918. 
Received Hebrew education. 
Presser. Res.: 62 Cannon St. 

First Zbrower Sick B. A. Sick 
benefit; insurance; ceme- 
tery; place of worship; free 
loan. Org. 1895. Member- 



PI rat Zborower K. U. V. (11 

p, Rld&e St.): elected 1917 

la Term 6 months. Born 188: 

Cb In Austria. Came to U. S 

j^ 1906. Received greneral Jew 

Ish education. Mfgr. Pants 
— - 827 B'way. Res.: 214 Rlv 

Inffton St. 

— rirrt Zoamar Y. M. B. A. (F 

R. P. H. A.) Sick benefit 

— Insurance; cemetery; fre< 

loan. Orgr. 1906. Member- 
ship: 135. Meetingrs: 1st and 

— Jrd Thursdays, at 214 E. 2n(! 

St. Pres.. David NirenberfT 

_« 1660 Prospect PL, B'klyn 

Sec'y, Nathan Nlsenbaum 

^ 2022 Dean St., B'klyn. 

NlrenberiT. David, Prea 

^ First Zosmar T. M. B. A, 

(214 B. 2nd St.), since 1914. 

Term 6 months. Born 1882 

— in Russia. Came to U. S. 

1907. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 1660 
Prospect PL, B'klyn. 

I Free Help Ass'n. Free loan. 

Orgr. 1902. Membership: 78. 
Meetings: 151 Clinton St. 
Sec'y, Jacob Frank, 1384 
Bristow St. 



KXJTVJdt AID AOENCIEB 



775 



A. sick benefit; 
f; cemetery. Org.: 
nbershlp: 50. Mcet- 

and 4tb Saturdays. 
B'way. Pres.. Jacob 
n. 40 Essex St. 
nuel Perlstein. 1709 

Ave. 
la, J a e o b • Pres. 

B. A. (17S E. 
elected 1917. Term 
8. Born 1889 in 
Came to U. 8. 1906. 

ereneral J e w 1 ■ b 
I. Ret.: 40 Essex 

r CIrele. Org. 1916. 
blp: 100. Meets: 4th 

at 109 E. 116th St. 
llliam K. Gold, 986 
A.ve. Sec'y., Isadore 
i, 620 B. 168th St. 
Illam IC, Pres. Gold 
Mrcle (109 E. 116th 
ce 1916. Term 1 
>rn 1862 in Russia. 
U. S. 1887. Received 
education. Painter. 

LeSffett Ave. 

oyoller Y. K. and 

. A« Sick benefit; 
s; cemetery; place 
tip; free loan. Org. 
tnbership: SO. Meet- 
1 and 4th Saturdays 
B. B*way. Pres., 
Malamnd, 200 2nd 
0*7, J. Werlns, 236 
her Are., B'klyn. 
a d • Baraet. Pres. 
•gropolier T. M. and 
A. (175 B. B'way), 
6. Term 6 months. 
7 in Russia. Came 
907. Received ffen- 



eral^ Jewish and secular 
education. Insurance: 56 
Pine St. Res.: 200 2nd Ave. 

Gomder D. A. Sick benefit; 
insurance: cemetery; free 
loan. Org". 1903. Member- 
ship: 75. Meetings: 1st and 
3rd Sundays, at 173 E. 
B'way. Pres. Louis Flacks, 
600 Prospect Ave. Sec'y, 
Alexander Diamond, 1481 St 
Marks Ave., B'klyn. 
Flacks, Lovls, Pres. Gorsder 
B. A. (178 E. B'way); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1874 in Russia. Came to 
U. S. 1898. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. 
Plumber: 326 Amsterdam 
Ave. Res.: 600 Prospect 
Ave. 

Gorerovcr Y. M. Sick benefit; 
insurance; cemetery; free 
loan. Orff. 1909. Member- 
ship: 110. Meets at -178 E. 
B'way. Sec'y, B. FarboWitx, 
620 B. 11th St. 

Graf Loneal Blcmcr Himff. 
Sick and B. S. Sick benefit; 
cemetery; charity. Org. 1904. 
Membership: 250. Meetinffs: 
2nd and 4th Tuesdays, at 214 
E. 2nd St. Pres., Sam Nied- 
erman, 232 E. 15th St. Sec'y, 
Max Gottlieb, 133 Ave. D. 
Nlederman, Sam, Pres. Graf 
Lonerai Elemer Hung*. Sick 
and B. S. (214 B. 2nd St.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1880 in Hungary. Came 
to U. S. 1912. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. In- 
surance. Res.: 232 B. 15th 
St 



— Ross St. 

Goldberff, michael. Pres. 
Ri Qralever Y. M. B. A. (206 

^ B. Broadway); elected 1917. 

Term 6 months. Born 1887 

I- In Russia. Came to U. S. 

1906. Barber. Res.: 43 

Henry St. 

Greater N. Y. Aid Soc. Sick 

benefit; Insurance; ceme- 
tery; free loan; relief. Orgr- 
"^ 1897. Mem be r 8 hip: 700. 

Meetlngrs: l8t and 3rd Sat- 
urdays, at 30 B. 1st St. 
Pres.. Samuel J. Karp, 1121 
West Farms Rd. Sec'y, 
"^ Henry Goodman, 128 E. 

118th St. 
" Karp, Samuel J.. Pres. 

Greater N. T. Aid Soc. (30 
— B. 1st St.); elected 1917. 

Term 6 months. Born 1875 
- In Russia. Came to U. S. 

1905. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Insurance: 
121 Bowery. Res.: 1121 West 
Farms Rd. 

GroM Master K. V. V. Sick 
benefit; Insurance; ceme- 
tery; place of worship. Org. 
1901. Membership: 80. Meet- 



WmVMi AID 



C) K l»i I 



777 



p:JLlft. Me«U: Snd 
edntsdayi, at 100 
St PrM.t Hyman 
2006 Amsterdam 

Samu«l D«utaoh- 
l 116th St 
a» HyiMUiu Pres. 
irlander Y. JC Aid 
)0 W. noth St): 
7. Term months. 

la RuMla. Re- 
mmon education, 
r. Rea: 2006 Am- 

ce AazUlary. Org, 
mberehlp 100. 

and 8rd Sunday 
at 100 W. 116th 

Mra Sarah Som- 
. 116th St Sec'y, 
sr Landsman, 124 
It 

Ifnu Sarah* Pres., 
.dies Auz. (100 W. 

since 1917. Term 

Bom 1860 In 

?ame to XT. a' 1884. 

general education. 

r. 116th St 



sla. CSame to U. S. Utl. 
Recelred ireneral Jewish 
education. Res.: 426 Howard 
Ave.« B'klyn. 



Ick benefit; ceme- 
loan; Insuranca 
Membership: 24S. 
2nd and 4th Wed- 
it 79 Forsiyth St 
raham Schwarta 
ird Ats., B*klyn. 
Sampson, 161 El- 



Pres. 
er Broa Ben. Mu- 
Soc. (79 Forsyth 
ed 1917, ^erm 6 
Born 1261 in Rub- 



AssPb. Cemetery. 
Orff. 1899. Membership §70. 
Meets 2nd and 4th Sundays 
at 17i BL B^way. Pros., 
Benjamin Fine, 1722 Union 
St, B'fclyn. Sed'y, A. Casa- 
noye, 2110 Atlantlo Are. 
Viae, BeaJaaUa, Pres. Hom- 
ier Broa Ass'n (17i B. 
B'way), since 1914. Term 6 
months. Bom 1874 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. a 1901. Re- 
eelTed greneral Jewish edu- 
cation. Fur Dresser:' 602 
Metropolitan Ave., B'klyn. 
Rea: 1722 Union St. B'klyn. 

HeoUer Ladle# B. 8. Free 
loan. OriT. 1910. Member- 
ship: 12S. Meetinffs: 1st and 
2rd Wednesdays, at 81 For- 
syth St Prea, Mra Ida 
Seidman, 1431 Madison Ave. 
Sec'y, H. Sivin, 285 Madison 
St 

Seldmaa, Ida, Pres. Homier 
Ladies' B. S. (81 Forsyth 
St), since 1912. Term 6 
months. Born 1876 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. a 1891. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Res.: 1481 Madi- 
son Ave. 

HoreUver Y. M. B. A« Sick 
benefit; Insurance; ceme- 
tery. Orar. 1910. Member- 
ship: 370. MeetinfiTs: 1st and 
8rd Sundays, at 80 Clinton 
St Prea, Joseph Singer, 82 
Walton St. B'klyn. Sec'y. 



. Russia. Came to U. S. 19 

Attended public schc 
p. Res.: 82 Walton St., B'kl 

la 
Ch Haslatrner K. V. V. Sick b< 

y eflt; cemetery; place 

worship. Orff. 1891. Me 

— bershlp: 205. Meetingrs: 

and 3rd Saturdays, at 193 
Snd St. Pres., Louis Epstt 

— S98 Snedlker Ave., B'kl 

Seo'y, Godel Oinsburfft < 
Beck St. 

Epstein, Iioals. Pres. Hus 
tyner K. U. V. (198 B. i 

— St.); elected 1917. Tern 

months. Born 1888 

^^ Austria. Came to U. S. IS 

Received general J e w 1 

__ education. Res.: 298 Sne 

ker Ave., B*klyn. 

" Hyfliaii Schlir K. U. V. S 

benefit; cemetery. Orgr. 19 
— Membership: 150. Meetln 

Ist and 3rd Tuesdays, at 
E. 2nd St. Pres., Salan^ 
Bernstein, 748 Jackson A 
Sec'y. M. L. Pried. 7 E. 10: 
St 

Bomsteln, SalaviOB, Pi 
Hyman Schiff K. U. V. ( 
E. 2nd St.): olorted 10 
Term 6 months. Born 1. 



HPfHtfi AID 



U I H I 



779 



Bon IMS ki Aw 

Joe to U. & ItOl. 

ITMiorml Jewlch 

I. Inauranot: ISO 

. Ros.: es CUnion 



rff. 191C Menibor- 
Meetlnss: 1st and 
tdays, at 61 Ludlow 
t^ Smannel Roson- 
Avs. St. John. 
!aal Buchman, 26 
Bt. 



»nor Younff Vlrlendt 
6S I^udlow St). 
6. Torm 6 months. 
8 In Russia. Came 
•OS. Raoalvsd gen- 
irlsh and secular 
1. Furrier. Res. : 
St John. 



B« A. of 

smetery. Org. 1916. 
hip:. 66. Meetings: 
Srd Tuesdays, at 80 
St PresM Samuel A. 
t So. 1st St, B'klyn. 
. Gold. 161 B. Srd 



A« Pros. Ind. 
raham B. A. of N. T. 
ton St.), slnoe 1616. 
months. Born 1886 
la. Came to U. 8. 
eelved general Jew- 
secular education. 
\ a 1st BU B'klyn. 



Ceme- 
rg. 1608. Member. 
K MeeU: at 106 B. 
Prea., Harry X«eTine, 



481 Bristol St. B'klyn. SeO'y, 
Harry Krasner, 868 Osbom 
St, B'klyn. 

I«eTlBeb Hanryp Pros. Ind. 
Borisover Vereln (806 .B. 
B'way); elected 1617. Term 
6 months. Born 1880 In 
Russia. Game to U. 8. 1606. 
Plasterer. Rem,: 481 Bristol 
St, B'klyn. 

lad. Brisker Yvmmm Mea^s. 
Sick benefit; Insurance; 
cemetery. Org. 1608. Mem« 
bershlp: 70. Meetings: 8nd 
and 4th Thursdays, at - 81 
Fbrsyth St Pres., Iiouls 
Kossovsky. 881 B. 178th St 
Sec'y, R. Cherkass, 848 B. 
13th St 

KosBOTsky* Ijov1s» Pres. Ind. 
Brisker Young Men's (81 
Forsyth St), since 1616. 
Term 6 months. Born 1884 
in Russia. Came to U. 8. 
1606. ReceiTed general Jew- 
ish education. Salesman. 
Res.: 881 B. 178th St 



lad. Bvesacsa Cong;. K. U. T. 
(F. G. B. J. A.) Sick bene- 
fit; cemetery. Org. 1866. 
Membership: 108. Meetings: 
ist and Srd Sundays, at 886 
B. Houston St Prea, Jacob 
Margolis, 69 E. 1st St Sec'y, 
Benjamin Lindner, 899 B. 
Srd St 

Margolis, Jacob, Prea Ind. 
Bucsacza Cong. K. U. V. (826 
E. Houston St); elected 
1917. Term 6 montha Bom 
1869 in Austria. (?ame to 
U. S. 1900. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Job- 
ber. Res.: 66 B. 1st St 




Sec'y, Max Pasternack, 
R- E. 9th St. 

^"J Paaternack, Lovls, P 

Ind. Bukowinaer T. M. 
L Y. L. B. S. (257 B. Hou« 

St.), since 1916. Tern 

months. Born 1888 in B 
owlna. Came to U. S. 1 

Received ereneral educat 

Salesman. Res.: 306 B. 
St. 

Ind. Chechenorer Y. M. B, 

^_ Orar. 1914. Membership: 

Meetlngrs: Bvery Thursd 
at IBl Clinton St. Pr 

— Samuel Peretz, 415 Gri 

St Sec'y. Kalman Cooi 

— 461 Grand St. 

Perets, Samvel, Pres. Che 
_ enover Y. M. B. S. (151 CI 

ton St.): elected 1917. Te 
_ 8 months. Born 1891 

" Russia. Came to U. S. 18 

Received general J e w 1 

education. Res.: 416 Gra 

St. 

Ind. Chotfaer Bess. K. V. 

<F. B. O.) Sick benei 
cemetery; free loan. O 
1904. Membership: 1 
Meetingrs: 2nd and 4th Sf 



KUTUAL AID AOftNOlBB 



781 



C&me to U. 8. 18f 7. 

ereneral Jewish 

I. Res.: 888 Forest 



»brc«cr T. M. Sick 
L. <F. O. B. J. A.) 

eflt; insurance; 
: free loan. Orgr* 
embershlp: 120. 
: Every Monday, at 
Pres.. O. Reiner. 
>uston St. Seo'y, I. 
L7f Essex St. 

Ostea* Pres. Ind. 
ser Y. M. Sick and 
Ave. D). since 1916. 
aonths. Born 1883 
a. Came to U. S. 
elved ereneral Jew- 
tlon. Printer: 121 
St. Res.: 309 E. 
St. 

•kltaer Aid Soc. 

Orgr. 1914. Mem* 
SO. Meeting's: 2nd 
Sundays, at 232 
St.. Pres., Isaac 
s, 1284 St. Johns 
n. Sec'y, B. War- 
) Floyd St. B'klyn. 
m, Isaae, Pres. Ind. 
(er Aid Soc. (232 
».); elected 1917. 
lonths. Born 1863 
. Came to U. S. 
tlved ereneral Jew- 
Lion. Tailor. Res. : 
ohns PI., B'klyn. 

fthmrmd Ladlee' B. 

benefit; free loan; 
;lety. Orer. 1900. 
Ip: 200. Meetings: 
4th Tuesdays, at 



114 B. Ind St Pros.. Mrs. E. 
Gurowltch. 86 B. 99th St 
Seo'y. Mrs. L. Tompkins, 910 
Longwood Ave. 
Gnrowttck* Mrs. B^ Pros. 
Ellsabethgrad Ladies' R A. 
(214 E. 8nd St) ; elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1868 
In Russia. Oime to U. S. 
1887. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 16 B. 
99th St 

iBd. EUsabetkffradcr T. M. B. 

A. Sick benefit; Insurance; 
cemetery. Org. 1910. Mem- 
bership: 45. Meetlners: 8nd 
and 4th Thursdays, at 88 
Forsyth St. Pres., Max 
Mollov. 480 Snedlker Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, D. Homnlck, 
266 Rochester Ave., B'klyn. 
Mollov, Max, Pres. Ind. Enis- 
abethgrader Y. M. B. A. (88 
Forsyth St), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1884 
in Russia. Came to U.. S. 
1904. Received general Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
Res.: 430 Snedlker Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Ind. Enrte Ben. Storosynetaer 
Bok. K. V. V. Sick benefit; 
cemetery. Org. 1902. Mem- 
bership: 120. Meetings: 1st 
and 3rd Sundays, at 67 St 
Marks PI. Pres., Hyman 
Packer, 1520 Seabury PI. 
Sec'y. Philip Cohen. 1828 
Clinton Ave. 

Packer, HyaiaB, Pres. Ind. 
E r 8 t e Ben. Storosynetxer 
Buk. K. U. V. (57 St Marks 
PL): elected 1917. Term • 
Months. Born 1886 In Bus- 



In 




free loan. Ore:. 1905. Mem 

bershlp: 65. Meetingrs: 2n( 

and '4th Sundays, at lOi 

Ch Poreyth St. Pres., H. Roth 

man, 82 St. Marks PI. Sec'y 
I. Peler. 718 E. 6th St 

••' 

iBd. F««tover Conar* Relle 
Soe. No. 2. Sick benefit; in 
surance; cemetery. Org 
1911. Mem be rah i p: 100 
Meetings: 1st and 8rd Tues' 
days, at 214 E. 2nd St. Pres. 
A. Rothenberff, 65 E. 103r(: 
St Sec'y. H. Roberts, 64( 
E. ISth St 

lad. Finit KoaloTer. Sick ben- 
efit; cemetery; place of wor* 
ship; free loan. Org, 1899 
Membership: 130. Meetings: 
Ist and 3rd Saturdays, a1 
100 Essex St. Pres., Meyei 
Meltzer, 8 Willett St Sec'y. 
Lieo N. Lindenman, 117 
Broome St 

Meltser, Meyer, Pres. Ind. 
First Koslover (102 Essex 
St), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1870 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1S99. 
Received eroneral Jewish 
education. Res.: 8 Willett 
St 



HXTTUAL AID AGENCIES 



783 



^ III. Jarcxower Y. M. B. A. i F. 

"•B. J. .%.) Cemt>t*>ry: placp 

®' Worship: free loan. O: is. 

IWl. irombership: 72. Meiet- 

inffs: 2n(1 and 4ih Saturdays. 

«t 92 Columbia St. Prcs., 

I^ttls Lacher. 155 Essex St. 

Sec'r, Mechel Hecht, 233 

Stanton St. 

I4cicr, liovla, Pres. Ind. 
Jarczower Y. M. B. A. (92 
Columbia St.), since 191G. 
Term t months. Born 1SS8 
In Austria. Came to U. S. 
1I04. Received general Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
Tailor: 117 Essex St. Res.: 
15S Essex St 

isi. Kalvuer K« U. T. Sick 
benefit; cemetery; place of 
worship; Insurance. Orgr- 
ItOO. Kembership: 125. 
Meetiners: 1st and 3rd Sun- 
days, at 125 Rivfngton St. 
Pres., Nathan Schneider, 84 
Ave. B. Sec'y, H. Demner, 
214 E. 3rd St 

SchBef der, H a t h a b, Pres. 
Ind. Kalosser K. U. V. (125 
RlTlnffton St); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 18C9 
In Austria. Came to U. S. 
1907. Received ereneral Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
Res.: 84 Avenue B. 

lad. Kiasker Aid Society. Org:. 
1906. Membership 70. Meets 
1st and 3rd Saturdays at 107 
W. 116th St Pres., BenJ 
Greenspan, 640 Claremont 
Parkway. Sec'y, Abr. Tom- 
alkln, 673 E. 176th St 

WmM, Klflfctaever Ladles' K. U. 

▼• Sick benefit; Insurance: 



cemetery: relief. Org:. 1906. 
Mimbtrsh'p: 215. Meetings: 
2nd and 4ih Wednesdays, at 
214 E. 2n.l St Pres., Mrs. 
Fijnnle Colilborgr, 198 Clin- 
ton St. Sec'y, Mrs. Rubinoff, 
304 E. 8th St 

Ind. Kletsker Aid Soc. Sick 
benefit; cemetery; place of 
worship; free loan. Mem- 
bership: 200. Meetlnere: 
Every Saturday, at 182 Hes- 
ter St Pres., Samuel Blen. 
611 W. 171st St Sec'y, A. 
Lievine, 104 Orchard St 
Blea, Samvel, Pres. Ind. 
Kletsker Aid Ass'n (132 
Hester St.). since 1916. Term 
6 months. Born 1877 In 
Russia. Came io U. S. 1897. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Dealer In Burlap 
Ba^s: 344 Water St Res.: 
611 W. 171st St 

lad. Kolomayer B. A« Ceme- 
tery; place of worship. Or^. 
1915. Membership: 42. Meet- 
ings: 1st and 3rd Saturdays, 
at 180 Clinton St Pres., Max 
Geffner, 103 Norfolk St. 
Sec'y, J. Ausfresser, 639 E. 
9th St 

Geffner, Max, Pres. Ind. Kol- 
omayer B. A. (180 Clinton 
St.), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1866 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1888. 
Received greneral Jewish 
and secular education. Res.: 
103 Norfolk St 

Ind. Kndryneer K. U. T. Sick 
benefit; cemetery; place of 
worship; charity. Orff. 1900. 
Membership: 110. Meetings: 



V 



iLudryncer K. U. V. ( 
__ 2nd St.); elected 1917. 

6 months. Born 18 
_, Russia. Came to U. S. 

l^ Received general J e '^ 

Cb education. Grocer. Re 

j^ Pitt St. 

- — lad. Kvrland B. S. of 

Bronx. Sick benefit; r 
Org. 1899. Meetlngrs: 2nc 

— 4th Sundays, at 100 E. ] 

St Pres.. William P. 

— man, 90 ^. 108th St. S 

R. J. Dallin. 945 E. 163n 

Imd. L«dle«. Sick benefit, 

loan. Orgr. 1901. Mem> 
ship 115. Meets 2nd 
4th Sunday afternoons 
357 B. Houston St. Pi 
^ Mrs. Julia Weiss, 1384 Wa 

inerton Ave. Sec'y, I^ 
— Rose Wallach, 244 B. 7th 

Wel«m Mrs. JqIU. Pi 
^ Ind. Ladles (257 B. Hous 

St.): elected 1917. Terr 
_ months. Born 1866 in A 

trta. Res.: 1884 Washi 
ton Ave. 

lad. Lasker B. A. Sick be 
fit; cemetery. Memborsl 
90. Meetinf^s: 1st and 



MUTUAL A3D AOKNCIBS 



786 



Aker Y. M. B. A. 

fit. cemetery, free 
8 2nd and 4th Sat- 
t 80 Clinton St. 
leph Myerson. 19 
St. Sec'y. Joseph 
!2S Rodney St, 

Josepk, Pres. Ind. 
Br Y. M. B. A. (80 
I St.), since ltl6. 
onths. Also Pres. 
»r Lodffe No. 106, 
(180 (ninton St.). 

in Russia. Came 
98. Received er^n- 
sh education. 

Orchard St. Res.: 
th St 



BermatelB Franen 

Sick benefit; cem- 
irance. Org. 1901. 
Ip: 85. Meetlngrs: 
d Wednesdays, at 
h St. Pres., Mrs. 
ukerbers, 60 E. 
Jec'y. N. Schwartz. 
ee St. 

ff, Bllaa. Pres. Ind. 
-nsteln Frauen K. 
Forsyth St.) since 
n 6 months. Born 
umania. C!ame to 
Received ^en- 
h and secular edu- 
es.: 50 E. 100th St. 

iloesysker B. S. 

cemetery, free 
r. 1901. Member- 
Meets 1st and Srd 
.t 209 E. 2nd St. 
rrls Bender. 725 
Sec'y, Ab. AfTrlch- 
7th St. 



Beader, Morris* Pres. Ind. 
Podwaloczysker B. a. (109 
B. 2nd St.): elected 1817. 
Term 6 months. Born 1882 
In Austria. <^ame to U. S. 
1900. Received general edu- 
cation. Window cleaning: 
34 E. Srd St Res.: 725 B. 
9th St. 

lad. PnuikBltser K. U. V. Sick 
benefit; Insurance; ceme- 
tery; free loan. Orer* 1897. 
Membership: 875. Meetings: 
2nd and 4th Wednesdays, at 
79 Delancey St. Pres.. Sol- 
omon Stern, 282 Broome St. 
Sec'y, Isaac Edelsteln, 224 
E. Broadway. 

Ind. Rabbi Wise Soc. Sick 
benefit, cemetery, free loan. 
Org. 1901. Membership 65. 
Meets 1st and Srd Sunday* 
at 145 Suffolk St Pres.. 
Charles Bendower, 50 Rlv- 
ini^irton St. Sec'y. Louis Sol- 
omon. 148 \V. 17th St. 
Bendower, Charles, Pres. 
Ind. Rabbi Wise Soc. (145 
SufTolk St); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1887 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1905. Received general edu- 
cation. Shoe Repairingr. Res.: 
50 Rivingrton St. 

Ind. Radom Aid AiM'n. In- 
surance; cemetery. Org. 1893. 
Membership: 190. Meetings: 
1st and Srd Saturdays, at 10 
W. 114th St. Pres., Joseph 
Schottland, 680 Beck St. 
Sec'y, Sam Mendelson. 925 
Union Ave. 

Schottland, Joneph, Pres. 
Ind. Radom Aid Ass'n (10 




Ind. Rifka Kotlerow S. A B. / 

j^j Sick benefit, cemetery. Orj 

In 1889. Membership 10( 

^^ Meets 2nd and 4th Tues 

1 days at 80 Clinton St. Pres 

Slgrmund Abeles, 196 Vernoi 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, Morri 
Slngrer. 1572 First Ave. 
A b e 1 e M • Slcnnvnd* Pres 

— Ind. Rifka Kotlerow S. 6 

B. A. (80 Clinton St.) electe< 

— 1917. Term 6 months. Bon 

1868 In Hungrary. Came t< 
U. S. 1904. Received gen 

- — e r a 1 education. Attendee 

Rabbinical School. Press- 

— burp. Res.: 196 Vernon Ave. 

B'klyn. 

" Ind. Rlffa Slntern* B. A. Slch 

benefit; cemetery. Orp. 1892 
" Membership: 40. Meetings 

3nd and 4th Wednesdays, at 
- 193 B. 2nd St. Pres., L 

Denenberg, 260 Brook Ave. 

Sec'y, Mrs. M. Scott. 85 Ave. 

A. 

Ind. Rohatyner Y. M. D. A. 

Sick benefit; Insurance; 
cemeterj'. Orp. 19^3. Mcw- 
borship: 80. Moc-tlnLrs: l.-?t 
and 3rd Tui'sdnys. at 8" 



• % 



MUTUAL AID. ACQUfOlSB 



787 



■• Urmmm, 

pser T. IL B. A. (77 

St); eleotod 1117. 

monthi. Bom In 

Cftnie to U. 8. 1106. 
Public Sohool edu- 

Tallor: 66 Boerum 

n. Res.: 416 & 6th 

tcr K. U. ▼• Sick 
semetory. Kombor- 
. Ifootlniri: lat and 
UUju, at 167 B. 
•St Pres^ D&Tld 
18 CllBtoii St 860*7, 
raltnch. 171 Norfolk 

DaTid» Pros. Ind. 

K. U. V. (367 B. 

St), Blnce 1616. 
nonths. Bom 1676 
Iju Caino to U. S. 
solved ffOttoral Jew- 
ftUon. Iffffr. tln- 
6 Water St Res.: 
on St 

ler B« 8. Slok bene- 
ance; cemetery; 
u Orff. 1600. Mem- 
S70. MeeUniTi: 1st 
iundaye, at 66 For- 
Prea., A. Straehnn, 
h St 8ec*y, Harris 
67 Wallabont St.. 

A^ Prea. Ind. 

B. 8. (66 Foteyth 
oe 1611. Term 6 
Bom 1866 In Russia. 

U. a 1880. Re- 
l^rh School educa- 
ussla. Real estate. 
B. 68th St 
ilharw T. M, Sick 



8«99ort Boa. Sick ben- 
efit: cemetery; Inauraaca. 
Orff. 1607. Memberahlps 669. 
Meetings: Ind and 4th MOn* 
days, at 77 Delancey 8t 
Pros., Bamett Oraenberir* 
804 B. 178th St 8aCy, Mor- 
ris Beslnsky, 804 B. 176th 
St 



Ind. Sochtelhover Y. M. Sick 
Support Soc (7T Delan- 
cey St.), since 1606. Term 1 
. year. Born 1876 In Russia. 
Came to U. & 1884. Ryelved 
general Jewish education. 
Cloaks and trimmings: 11 
W. 15 th St Rea: 804 B. 
178th St 

lad. Staatslaoer LadlesP 1|* A. 

Cemetery. Or^. 1607. Mem- 
bership: 60. Meetlnirs: Ind 
and 4th Mondays, at 167 B. 
Houston St Prea, Mra 
Anna Brodfeld. 766 Fox St. 
Sec'y., Mrs. 8. Feldman, 887 
Dawson St 

Brodfeld* Aaaa. Prea Ind. 
Stanlelauer Ladles' R A. 
(257 B. Houston St); elected 
1617. Term 6 months. Born 
1877 In Austria. C!ame to 
U. S. 1904. Received general 
education. Res.: 766 Fox St 

lad. Stolowttser B« A. Sick 

benefit; cemetery. Or^r. 1608. 
Membership: 70. Meetings: 
at 151 Clinton St. Prea, 
William Turetxky. 166 
Roebling: St.. B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Jacob Dariff, 370 28nd St.. 
B'klyn. 

Tnretsky, WlUlaat. Pres. 
Ind. Stolowltzer B. A. (161 




Ind. StryJer n. S. (F. G. B. : 

A.) Sick benoflt; place o 
jj^ worship: cemetery; charlt\ 

Ch Or?. 1886. Membership: 35( 

— Meetings: 2na and 4th Mon 

days, at 30 E. Ist St. Pres 

— Morris Pink, 215 E. 6th Si 

Scc'y Bendld Kirschenbaun: 
236^4Bo. Srd St.. B'klyn. 

— PlBk* Morrla, Pres. Ind 

Stryjer B. S. (30 E. 1st St.) 

. since 1910. Term 6 months 

Born 1870 In Austria. Cami 
to U. ■ S. 1890. Recelvec 

general Jewish education 

Painting. Res.: 215 E. 6tl 

_ St. 

lad. StUBlaer U. V. Sick ben 

— eflt; cemetery. Orp:. 1S99 

Membership: 100. Moetlnprs 

— 1st and 3rd Sundays, at 161 

Madison St. Pres., Benjamli 

^ Stutzky. 461 9th Ave. Sec'y 

" W. Mel.Htor, 76 Chrystie St. 

KtutEky. nenjnmln. V v e .<* 
Ind. Stuzlner U. V. (162 
Madison St.). since 1916 
Term 6 months. FJorn ISSf. 
In Ilussia. Caino to XJ. S. 
1905. Received R"en«=-ral .Irw- 
ish e.liirntlon. FinTiitini- 
R< .=^.: 'IM I'lh Avr- 



MUTOAIi AID AQSKCffiB 



78ff 



■owcr Liadlc** B. 8. 

ry. Ori^:. 1915. Kem- 
: 130. MeetiofiTs: 2nd 
1 Sundays, at 215 B. 

Pres., H. Garble, 165 
St.. B'klyn. Sec'y, 

Langer. 50 E. 102nd 



iBd. Wlotalawker X. M. B. A. 

Sick benefit; cemetery. Orj^. 
1907. Membership: 125. 
Meets at 100 Essex St. Pres.. 
David Rachwah« 201 Brown 
PI. Seo'y» H. L. Berman, 235 
Rochester Ave., B'klyn. 



ickawer Slek Support 

lick benefit; ceme- 

'ee loan. Org. 1886. 

ship: 423. Meetingrs: 
4th Tuesdays, at 80 
St. Pres., Nathan 

n, 104 E. 4th St. 

iidore Bernstoch, 129 

on St 

ji, NatlMiii, Pres. Ind. 
wer Sick Support 
) E. 1st St.). since 
Perm 1 year. Born 
Russia. Came to U. 
Attended Public 
In Russia. Real es- 
\0 Broadway. Res. : 
ith St. 

■er Soc. Cemetery; 
' worship. Org. 1916. 
ship: 60. Meetings: 
4th Saturdays, at 83 
St. Pres., Harris 
erg. 28 Scammel St. 
R. Adelsteln, 8 W. 



Harris, Pres. 
isner Soc. (83 Por- 
); elected 1917. Term 
ths. Born 1880 In 
Came to U. S. 1900. 
d general Jewish 
jlar education. Let- 
ler. Res.: 28 Seam- 



lad. Zaleasoyker K. U. V. 

Sick benefit; cemetery. Org. 
1900. Mem b er ship: 100. 
Meetings: 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays, at 1*46 Sufl^olk St. 
Pres., I. Gottlieb, 806 E. 6th 
St. Sec'y, Abraham Fromm, 
50 E. 3rd St. 

€k>ttlleb, I., Pres. Ind. Zales- 
aczyker K. U. V. (145 Suf- 
folk St.). since 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1879 in 
Austria. Came to U. S. 1897. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Plumber. Busi- 
ness and Res.: 306 E. 6th St. 

Ind. Zamostxer B. S. Sick 
benefit; cemetery. Org. 1891. 
Membership: 56. Meetings: 
1st and 3rd Sundays, at IT 
Ave. A. Pres., Hyman Bur- 
sztyn. 302 E. Houston St. 
Sec'y. B. Oslansky. 157 Ver- 
non Ave., B'klyn. 

Bursztyn, Hymnn, Pres. Ind 
Zamostzer B. S. (17 Ave. A), 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1868 In Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1901. Received gen- 
eral education. Dealer in 
silks and woolens. Res.: 
302 E. Houston St. 

International K. U. V. Sick 
benefit; cemetery. Org. 1889. 
Membership: 102. Meets: 2nd 
and 4th TueBrlnys. at 107 W. 



LfOdire. Sick benefit Org:. 

1891. Membership 210. Meets 

Y^. 2nd and 4th Sundays at 165 

In E. 58th St. Pres., Benj. 

Ch Lewln. 8 W. 111th St. Sec'y. 

1 Herman Gross, 609 W. 174th 

St. 

Isaac Lodare. Sick benefit, 
cemetery. Org:. 1856. Mem- 

— bership 165. Meetings every 

4th Wednesday at 107 W. 

— M6th St. Pres., Benjamin 

Harskowltch, 861 Bradford 
St.. B'klyn. Sec'y. William 

— - Kurben, 2989 Srd Ave. 

Hamkowltcht Benjamin. 

— Pres. Isaac Lod^e (107 W. 

116th St.), since 1909. Term 

— 1 yi^ar. Received greneral 

Jewish education. Clothing:: 

_, 48 W. 26th St. Res.: 361 

Bradford St., B'klyn. 

" Ifrfdore Goldenberfr Society. 

Meets Ist and Sd Thursdays, 
at 106 Forsyth St. Sec'y. 
Simon Rosenthal, 149 For- 
syth St. 

iMrael Sick and B. A. Sick 
brnoflt; crmetrry. Orp:. 1914. 
Membership: 110. Mft-tlnirs: 
1st and .Trd Siiml.nvs. ;it :?2v 



MUTUAL AID AUBMUUB 



791 



Moses Teitelbaum, 128 
gton St. 

treleh, Meyevt Pres. Ja- 
Goldsteln Ass'n (100 
: St.); elected 1917. 

6 months. Born 1888 
iftria. Came to U. S. 
Receired Public School 
ktion. Insurance: 230 
1 St Res.: 181 Bssez 



B Rchfeld IC U. T. Sick 
It; insurance. Or^r. 1897. 
>er8hip: 86. Meets: 1st 
Id Wednesdays, at 10 
4th St. Pres.. Mrs. Eva 
lan, 8 W. 130th St. 
Mrs. jfhanna Wolge- 
, 68 E. 120th St. 

mm, Mrs. Era, Pres. 
ma Rehfeld K. U. V. 
^ 114th St.), since 1914. 
6 months. Born 1868 
rmany. Came to U. S. 
Received Public School 
tion. Res.: 8 W. 130th 



lela. Sick benefit, place 
>r8hip, free loan. Orgr. 
Membership 75. Meets 
nd 8rd Sundays at 257 
>uston St. Pres., Lena 
»wlts. Sec'y, M. Kess- 
70 E. 141st St. 

Elisabeth Oestrelclier 

, V. Cemetery. Org. 

Membership: 48. Meet- 
2nd and 4th Wednes- 
at 17 Ave. A. Pres.. 

Fannie Pruchtman. 70 

[arks PI. Sec'y. Mrs. 

le Orltz. 958 Hoe Ave. 

itauim. Faaale, Pres. 



Kaiser Elisabeth Oestrelcher 
K. U. V. (17 Ave. A), since 
1914. Term 6 months. Bom 
1869 in Austria. Came to 
U. S. 1877. Received gen- 
eral Jewish 'education. Res. : 
70 St. Marks PI. 

Kalarashl Bessemblaa B. A. 

Sick benefit; insurance; 
cemetery. Org. 1916. Mem- 
bership: 100. Meetings: 1st 
and 8rd Saturdays, at 119 
Riving ton St. Pres., Joseph 
Rosenberg, 92 Ludlow St. 
Sec'y, J. Rabinowits, 288 E. 
12th St. 

Rosenberg, Joseph, Pres. 
Kalarashi Bessarabian B. A. 
(119 Rivington St.): elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1867 in Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1906. Received general 
Jewish and secular educa- 
tion. Carpenter. Res.: 92 
Ludlow St. 

Kallsher Blkiir Cholim. Sick 
benefit. Org. 1916. Meets 
2nd Sunday afternoon at 100 
W. 116th St. Pres., Schoje 
Moskowlts, 820 Dawson St. 

Moskowlts, Schoje, Pres. 
Kallsher Blkur Cholim (100 
W. 116th St.), elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1901. 
Received Hebrew education. 
Tailor: 692 Beck St Res.: 
820 Dawson St. 

Kalasser Y. M. D. S. Sick ben- 
efit; cemetery. Org. 1905. 
Membership: 200. Meetings: 
2nd and 4th Thursdays, at 
214 B. 2nd St. Pres., Ellas 



6 xnoiiLiis. *«w.M -. . - 

Austria. Came to U. S. 1903. 2n( 

Received general Jewish E. 

j^ education. Barber: 149 At- ode 

Cb torney St. Res.: 146 Attor- Sec 

ney St lit 

*- Bn 

— KamlBlts-Podoler B. A. Sick Ka 

benefit; insurance; ceme- E. 

tery; place of worship. Otk- Tei 

— • 1915. Membership: 76. Meet- in 

ings: 2nd and 4th Saturdays. 18{ 

at 169 E. Houston St. Pres., ist 

Joseph Schneider, 1331 124 

Franklin Ave.. B'klyn. Sec'y. Be 

S. Schaffer. 

Sehaelder, Joseph, Pres. ^"■'' 

_- Kaminlts-Podoler B. A. (169 ^^ 

B. Houston St.). Term 6 ^^ 
months. Born 1877 In Rus- ^^ 

sia. Came to U. S. 1894. M 

Received Grcneral Jewish ^' 

"^ education. Res.: 1331 Frank- ^ 

lin Ave., B'klyn. 2: 

^ a: 

KameBltmer-PodoIler L.adleN* c; 

B. A. Sick benefit: Insur- u 

ance; cemetery: free loan. C 

Orgr. 1900. MoetInj?s: 2nd 1 

and 4th Monday?, nt 214 F 1 

^2nd St. Pres., Mrs. R. Gold- 1 

man. 31 W. llRth ?t. Sec'y. i 

J. Nadolman. 313 K f.th St 2 
<'i«»lfliiiiiti, MrM. It., I'l'i s 



MUTUAL AID AGSNCIEB 



793 



n St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Ibfeder, 1679 Park 

yn. 

SMBuel* Pres. Kafe- 
M. B. A. (96 Clin- 
elected 1917. Term 
18. Born 1891 in 
Came to U. S. 190G. 
2 Dean St.. B'klyn. 

Ladles' Aid Soc. 

yrg. 1917. Momber- 
Meetiners: 1st and 

idays. at 209 E. 

Pres., Mrs. Leah 

368 Rodney St.. 

Sec'y, I. Shushan. 

ouston St. 

Leah, Pres. Kas- 
dies' Aid See. (209 
ly); elected 1917. 
months. Born 1868 
a. Came to U. S. 
jeived general Jew- 
cation. Res.: 368 
3t.. B'klyn. 

tumg ]lfen*fi Savlnic 
B Aaa*a, Inc. Free 
rgr. 1907. Member- 
Meets at 28 Ave. 
.. Abraham Steln- 
E. 164th St. Sec'y. 
hal, 800 E. 164th St. 

1« Abrahain, Pres. 
Y. M. Saving and 
js'n. Inc. (28 Ave. 
ce 1907. Term 6 
Born 1866 in Aus- 
ime to U. S. 1896. 
general Jewish 
1. Res.: 850 E. 



loan. Orff. 1900. Kember- 
ship: 350. Meetings: 1st and 
3rd Sundays, at 173 E. 
B'way. Pres., H. J. Epstein. 
1421 Crotona Ave. Sec'y, M. 
S. Lichtman, 414 Chester St., 
B'klyn. 

Epstein, H. J., Pres. Keld- 
aner Ass'n (178 B. B'way), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1877 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1898. Graduated 
medical college. Physician. 
Res.: 1421 Crotona Ave. 

Kellner K. V. V. (F. G. B. J. 

A.) Sick benefit; insurance; 
cemetery. Org. 1902. Mem- 
bership: 275. Meetings: 2nd 
and 4th Thursdays, at 12 St. 
Marks PI. Pres., Adolph 
Turtletaub. 12 St. Marks PI. 
Sec'y, Max Miller, 113 St. 
Marks PI. 

Turtletaab, Adolph, Pres. 
Kellner K. U. V. (12 St. 
Marks PL), since 1914. 
Term 6 months. Born 1877 
In Austria. Came to U. S. 
1893. Received general Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
Restaurant. Res.: 12 St. 
Marks PL 

Keter Zlon Angora (P. O. J. 

A.) Sick benefit, cemetery. 
Org. 1913. Membership 65. 
Meets onre a month at 184 
Eldrldpre St. Pres.. Uz Cre- 
spl, 349 I.ott Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec'y. Raphael Levi, 173 Or- 
chard St. 



lsM*B. Sick benefit; 
e; cemetery: free 



Klelcer K. V. V. RaMMlan 
Poland. Sick benefit; ceme- 
tery: pI;ioe of worship. Org. 



^ 



— ■ Klelcer K. U. V. Russia 

Poland (62 Pitt St.); electe 
Ri 1917. Term 6 months. Bor 

^■J 1879 in N. Y. Received Pub 

lie School education. Ros 
^ 143 Rldse St 

Klalschlver Brotherly Aid So4 

Sick benefit; cemetery; plac 
_,- of worship. Orgr. 1890. Mem 

bership: 74. Meetingrs: 2n 
and 4 th Saturdays, at 7 
Ludlow St. Pres., Josep 
Napolsky. 66 Montg^omer 

St. Sec'y. H. Kalmanowlt: 

954 Jennings St. 

Napolsky, Joseph, Pre 

Klnlschlver Brotherly Ai 

Soc. (73 Ludlow St.); electe 

" 1917. Term 6 months. Bor 

1874 in Russia. Came to T 

— S. 1901. Received genen 

Jewish and secular educe 

— tlon. Cloanlnj? and Dytsin 

Res.: 66 Montgomery St. 

Kllmontover Younic Friend 

Sick beneAt. Org:. 191 
Membership 42. Meets 2r 
and 4th Saturdays at 8-1 
Avenue D. Pros., Natha 
Schnfldcr. 283 Stanton ? 
Sec'y. A. Gitter. 62 Pitt St. 



HUTUAIi AID AGBNCIES 



795 



6 months. Born 1890 
unsrary. Came to U. S. 
Hecelved general Jew- 
education. Salesman. 
183 Franklin St., 

Udlea' B. ▲. (F. R. P. 

•) Sick benefit. Org:. 

Membership: 100. 
inga: 2nd and 4th Sun- 

at 100 Essex St. Pres.. 
»h Cuttner, 804 W. 160th 
Sec'y. I- Myers. 20 E. 

St. 

ler, JoaepK Pres. Kol- 

adies' B. S. (100 Essex 

•Ince 1916. Term 1 

Born 1865 In Russia. 

to U. S. 1894. Re- 

1 general Jewish edu- 

1. Plumbiner: 2840 8th 

Res.: 804 W. 150th St. 

Ml Y. M. B. A. Sick 

it; cemetery; i n s u r- 

free loan. Member- 

175. Meetlngrs: 2nd 

th Sundays, at 77 De- 

r St. Pres.. H. Schaef- 

99 Stockton St.. B'klyn. 

Joseph Lieberman, 

Hoe Ave. 

»rod Podoller Aid Ass'ii. 
>eneflt, cemetery. Org. 

Membership 46. Meets 
Bd 4 th Sundays at 67 
»n St. Pres.. Israel 
I. 260 E. 105th St. Sec'y, 
Laskin. 665 Sutter 
B'klyn. 
u Israel* Pres. Kopol- 

Podolier Aid Ass'n (67 
n St.); elected 1917. 

6 months. Bom 1875 



in Russia. Came, to U. S. 
1904. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Manufactur- 
er. Res.: 250 E. 106th St. 

Kovular Sons of Jaeob. Sick 
benefit; cemetery. Orsr* 1918. 
Membership: 72. Meetings: 
2nd and 4th Sundays, at 29 
W. 115 th St. Pres.. Sander 
Smith. 1108 2nd Ave. Sec'y. 
Louis Weinbercr. 899 Kosci- 
usko St.. B'klyn. 

Kraklnevrr B. A. Sick bene- 
fit. * cemetery. Orcr* 1906. 
Membership: 620. Meets 2nd 
and 4th Sundays, at 62 E. 
106th St. Pres., Louis Les- 
son. 1710 Bathcrate Ave. 
Sec'y, Jacob Jacobson, 1650 
Madison Ave. 

Krasnashltser Y. M. B. A. Sick 
benefit; cemetery. Org. 19f6. 
Membership: 75. Meetiners: 
2nd and 4th Tuesdays, at 151 
Clinton St. Pres.. David 
Butchen, 46 Gouverneur St. 
Sec'y, H. Kaplan, 36 Rlvlngr- 
ton St. 

But Chen, David, Pres. Kras- 
nashitser Y. M. B. A. (151 
Clinton St.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1891 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1907. Received greneral Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 46 
Gouverneur St. 

KrceHsoiver K. U. V. Ceme- 
tery. Org". 1908. Member- 
ship: 60. Meetingrs: 2nd and 
4th Saturdays, at 92 Colum- 
bia St. Pres., Sam Student. 
768 B. 168th St. Sec'y. R. 
Obstbaum. 610 Oak St 



796 



pOMUUNAL BEaiSTBB 



KnaaMpolvv T. H. ^ 

bcDeflt; Insurance 
tery. Org. 1901. 
■bip: 60. Meetings 
4th Saturdaya. e( 
ton St. PrtB., Harrl 
232 Monro.' St. 
Levy, 27G Madison 
Lcvlar, Harrln, Pre 
nopoler Toung M 
Soc. <IGt Clinton St. 
ItlT. Term 6 mont 
1S7T In Russia. 



ID IT. Term ■ monlti 
1S86 In BuBsla. C 
U. a. ISO!. Recelv 
eral Jewish and seen 
cation. Cabinet Mai 
12th St. Res.: til 



benelt: cemetery. O 
Membership: 140. it 
Every Thursday, a' 
2nd St. Pres., Jact 
113 Rodne.y St.. 
Sec'y. H. Rlegelha 




MUSIMJEi 4m AOBbronB 



ttT 



to U. & 
iTed a thorough 
iGatloB. Rabbi.' 
•th St. 



• Came to U. & llM* 
RecelTed soneral Jo wish 
oduoatlon. Rao.: 17 Qovrar- 
neur St. 



d ▼ellekor B. A. 

:; Insuraaeo; 
lace of worship; 
Dry. 190C. Mem- 

MoetiniTs: lit 
iundays, at 116 

Prea» Aaron 
E. Srd St. Sec'y. 
Zuokerman. Sll 

roa, PrM. Kurl- 
Velleker R A. 
» St.), since 1915. 
.r. Born 1876 in 
xne to U. S. 1900. 
eneral Jewish 
education. Con- 
Ba: 58 S. Srd St. 

dies' Aid Society. 

. Orff. 1897. Mem- 
Meets :.l8t and 

lys, at 100 W. 

Pros., Mrs. Lena 
T 1 n t o n Ave. 

Sarah Henschel. 

\ St 

. M. B» A. Sick 
isurance; ceme- 
loaa. Orff. 1907. 
K 17S. Meetlngrs: 
th Saturdays, at 
ay. Pros., Liouls 
Oouverneur St. 
- Rubin, 747 E. 

lis* Pres. Labous- 

B. A. (175 E. 

ce 1916. Term 6 

om 1880 in Rus- 



fiadlsi^ Amlllanr of the r. R. 
J. A« Place of worship: 
charity. Or^. 1907. Mem- 
bership: 100. Meetings: 1st 
and 8rd Mondays, at Iff 
Forsyth St. Prea, Mm 
Beckle Zucker, 78 First St 
800*7, Mra Fannie Bcwm-. 
stein. 200 W. 146th St 

Backer, Beelde, Prea liadies' 
Auz. of the F. R. J. A. <186 
Forsyth St), since Iflf. 
Term f montha Bom 1880 
In Austria. Came to U. 8. 
1901. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Rea: 78 1st- 
St 

Ladles CkeTrak T^hlilM Soe. of 
Harleak Provides a MInyan 
during" week of mourning. 
Org, 1910. Membership 100. 
Meets Saturdays at 1864 5th 
Ave. Pres., Mrs. Ida Cohen; 
1358 5th Ave. Sec'y, Mr. 
Sachs. 2 E. 112th St 
Cokea, Mrs. Ida, Pres. Ladies 
Chevrah T'hilim Soa of Har- 
lem (1364 6th Ave.), since 
1909. Term 1 year. Born 
1859 in Russia. Came to 
U. S. 1898. Received ffen- 
eral education. Rea: 1868 
6 th Ave. 

Ledlee* Omorkover A. 8. Sick 
benefit. Org. 1911. Member- 
ship: 50. Meetings: Ist and 
3rd Sundays, at 826 E. Hous- 
ton St. Pres.. Isidore 
Cubelsky. 867 De Kalb Ave.. 



COHHUNAIi 



B'klyn. Sec'y, Mr». P. Wine 
iZt BedfortI Ave.. B'klyn. 
Cnbelaky. mldsn, Prea. U 
dlea Oiorkover A. S. (326 B. 
Houston St.), Bince 1316. 
Term 6 months. Born ISSI 
in RuBBlsu Came to 
1908. Recelvea general Jew- 



ish I 

Rea. 



B'kiyi 



De Ksib < 



;atIon. 



Ladles Prtoa f 

ly benefit. Org. 1893. Mem- 
bership leO, Meets 2n(l and 
4th Sundays at 1G5 B. GSth 
St. Pres., Bertha Qreenwald, 
!05 W. : 



7 F!ra 



■ Y. M. and 



berBhlp: SO. Meetio) 
and 4th Tuesdays, at 
Snd St. Pres.. Josi 
Flint. 181 Essex SL 
H. TrachlenberE. 101 
St. 

Flint, jBBcvk n„ Fr« 
IcheverToung- Prleoi 
E. Znd St.); electei 



19(16, Received gener: 
ish education. Mtgr. 
and gloves. Res ; IS' 




'MttPtOUt AID AUBMCAM 



79ft 



M.» IxHila Rmnberir. 
. C SeCy, Kaz B^al- 
02 Oeor^a A^e., 

V Ijmd% Pre*. Lem- 
K. U. V. (314 B. Snd 
noe Iflf. Term 6 
Bora 1S7€ In Ans- 
:anie to U. & 1906. 
d voneral Jewish 
alar education. Ree.: 
. a 

p T. II* B. 8. Sick 
Insurance; oeme- 
ee loan; relief. Org. 
lembershlp: 186. 
rs: Every Monday, at 
rney St. Pres.. Sam- 
ipel, 6 Columbia St 
Iforrls Bohrer, 891 

e 1 » Samel* Pres. 
cer Y. M. B. & (86 
y St.); elected 1917. 
months. Born 1898 
r. Received a Hlgrh 
education. Res.: 6 
la St. 

«1 Asi^ (F. G. B. J. 

:k benefit; insurance; 
y. Orff. 1898. Mem- 
: 89. Meetings: Every 
turday.- at 186 Riv- 
St. Pres., Jacob 
•er, 689 B. 9th St. 
ouls Salpetar, 808 E. 

aeiv Jaea¥, Pres. 
Srlll Ass'n (126 Rlv- 
it.), since 1916. Term 

Born In Austria. 
» U. S. 1908. Received 

Jewish education. 
9 E. 9th St 



I4c«er Staten^ Bctt. AaS^. 
Sick benefit Orir. 1910. Mem- 
bership: 96. Meets: 2nd and 
4th Tuesdays, at 17 Ave. A. 
Pres., Mrs. B. Block, 166 2nd 
Ave. Sec'y, L. Uthowlts, 40 
Bldrldse St 

Block, Mrs. Biv Pres. lieder 
Sisters' Ben. Ass'n (17 Ave. 
A.); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1889 In U. S. 
Received hlffh school edu- 
cation. Res.: 186 2nd Ave. 

Ualtser Sec. Sick benefit; In- 
surance; cemetery; charity. 
Ory. 1894. Membership: 100. 
Meetings: 1st and 8rd Satur- 
days, at 161 (Clinton St 
Pres., H. Wernik, 24 W. 
118 th St Sec'y. H. Ulano, 

208 B. 46th St 

LIpkoaer K. U. V. Sick bene- 
fit; cemetery. Org. 1906. 
Membership: 66. Meetlnss: 
1st and 8rd Wednesdays, at 

209 E. 2nd St Pres., Jacob 
Weisser, 60 2nd Ave. BecTy, 
Meyer Feldman, 941 Simp- 
son St 

Weisser, Jaeob, Pres. Llp- 
koner K. U. V. (209 E. 2nd 
St.), since 1909. Term 6 
months. Born 1868 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1892. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Meat and Poul- 
try Dealer: 152 Ludlow St 
Res.: 60 2nd Ave. 

Ijipowltser Aid Soe^ Sick ben- 
efit; insurance; ^ cemetery; 
free loan; charity. Orff. 1908. 
Membership: 176. Meetings: 



OOUHUNA14 



loan. Org. IS9J. 
Bhip: 300. MeeUnn 
3rd WedneadayB. 



Almchul, I.onli. Pret 

c«r Aid Soc. (tOfi B, : 
elected 1917. Term t 
Born 1B70 In Ruaala. 
lo U. S. 1S9S. Recelv 
eral Jenlah educe 




MC7TUAL AID AGBN0IB8 



801 



I* Abvakafli* Pres. 
ser U. V. (8S FOrsyth 
ilected 1917. Term 6 
8. Born 1890 In Rus- 
Came to U. a 1907. 
'ed general Jewish 
Ksular education. Res.: 
imont Ave., B'klyn. 

• ReUef Soe. Relief. 
.916. Membership S6. 
2nd and 4th Mondays 

Rlvinsrton St. Pres., 
enboffsn, 681 Bedford 
3'klyn. Sec'y, M. Ber- 

66 St. Marks PI. 
•sea, M.» Pres. Lub- 
Relief Soc (125 Riv- 

St.), since 1916. Term 
. Born 1868 in Lublin. 
I. Came to U. S. 1893. 
ed ereneral education, 
estate, 631 Bedford 
3'klyn. 

er Uslted Brotkers* 

Sick benefit; ceme- 
charity. Orgr. 1895. 
irship: 76. Meetingrs: 
ad 4th Saturdays, at 
Inton St. Pres., Alter 
rnstein, 871 E. 170th 
sc'y, Morris B. Leder- 
8 Lee Ave., B'klyn. 
tela. Alter M., Pres. 
er United Bros.' Ass'n 
linton St.), since 1911. 
6 months. Born 1864 
ssia. Came to U. S. 
leceived ereneral edu- 
Real estate and in- 
e. Res.: 871 E. 170th 



Toanir Men's Benevo- 
Ijm'b. Sick benefit; 
ry. Orff. 1906. Mem- 



bership: 40. Meets: 1st and 
8d Tuesdays, at 98 Forsyth 
St. Pres., Louis Simonowits, 
400 Grand St. Sec'y, Sam 
Chernoff, 772 Forest A>re. 

Maekenafker Soe. Sick bene- 
fit; insurance; cemetery. 
Org, 1896. Membership: 80. 
Meetings: 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays, at 161 Clinton St. 
Pres., Jacob Cooper, 874 
Henry St. Sec'y. O. Rosen- 
stein, 2116 Atlantic Ave., 
B'klyn. • 

Cooper, Jacob, Pres. Mach- 
enafker Soc. (151 Clinton 
St.), since 1915. Term 1 
year. Born 1860 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1901. Re- 
ceived Public School educa- 
tion. Res.: 274 Henry St. 

NadlHon Protection Aid Ass'n. 

Sick benefit; cemetery. Org. 
1917. Membership: 35. Meet- 
ingrs: 2nd and 4th Mondays, 
at 62 E. 106th St. Pres.. 
Henry M. Harris, 2023 7th 
Ave. Sec'y, Arthur L. Rin- 
kel, 920 B'way, Bayonne, 
N. J. 

Harris, Henry M., Pres. 
Madison Protection Aid 
Ass'n (62 E. 106th St.); 
elected 1917. Term 1 year. 
Born 1864 in Engrland. Came 
to U. S. 1886. Received gen- 
eral education. Insurance. 
Res.: 2023 7th Ave. 

IMalcheter Brttderllcher U. V. 

Sick benefit; cemetery; free 
loan. Orpr. 1905. Member- 
ship: 118. Meetings: 1st and 
3rd Saturdays, at 79 Forsyth 



«»*•• ^«<« >>• V AAA«^«« fc«««< M^\t a 11 



Ch 



1869 in Russia. Came to 
R: U. S. 1903. Received gren- 

^ eral Jewish and secular 

education. Res.: 100 Henry 

St 

Malmonldes Ben. Society. Sick 
benefit; .cemetery. Org. 1853. 
Membership: 1014. Meets: 
1st and 3d Tuesdays, at 1943 
Madison Ave. Pres., Harry 
N. Simon. 2 Astor PI. Sec'y, 
Albert Fredericks, 601 West 
164th St. 

Makarover B. A. Sick bene- 
fit; cemetery. Org:. 1915. 
Membership: 60. Meetings: 
2nd and 4th Saturdays, at 85 
B. 4th St. Pres., Hyman 
Silver. 114 B. 97th St. Sec'y. 
Louis Zelansky, 306 B. 103rd 
St. 

SilTer, Hyman, Pres. Maka- 
rover B. A. (85 B. ^th St.). 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1890 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1914. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Cloak Mfgr. Res.: 114 E. 



«t >v^ t. r<i A 



MtffUAL Alb AGDENODBB 



Mtt 



IttMid, Prea. iCarlu- 
J. V. (S09 B. B'way) ; 
1917. Term $ months. 
867 In RusaUu Came 
.. 1906. Reoeired ven- 
fewUh and secular 
Ion. Rea.: 151S Char- 
t 

Uautt. Sick benefit. 
»0S. Membership: ISO. 
Ist and Id Wednes- 
kt 267 S. Houston St. 
Mrs. MolUe Reuben. 
Houston St 800*7, a 
'. Garfield Ave.. Rlch- 
EUIL 

i» Mrs, MolUe» Pres. 
Jllman (SS7 E. Houa- 
): elected 1917. Term 
iths. Bom 1860 in 
i. Res.: 838 E. Hous- 



Hmmmmr K. V. V. Sick 
; free loan. Or^. 1908. 
rshlp: 160. Meetlnffs: 
1 4th Tuesdays, at 257 
iston St. Pres.. Matll- 
inner, 60 2nd Ave. 
Max Sellffer. 896 

% MflitUda, Pres. Ma- 
Sanner K. U. V. (267 
iston St.), since 1908. 
I months. Born 1868 
itrla. Came to tJ. S. 
tecelved general Jew- 
ncatlon. Boyi* Knee 
Res.: 60 2nd Ave. 



Sick 

; Insurance; ceme- 
ellef. Org. 1916. Mem- 
»: 6S. Meetings: 2nd 
h Thursdays., at 107 



W. 116th St Pres., Adolph 

Bangser, 66 Uberty St 

Seo'y, Morris Felnberg, 22 
W« 16th St 

Baagser, Adaiyh* Brem. Max 
Felnberg Ass'n (107 W. 
116th St), since 1916. Term 
1 year. Bom 1886 In U. S. 
Received college ednoaUoa. 
lAwyer, 66 Liberty St 



Max Roeh Bca« Sae. af 
Sick benefit; cemetery. Org. 
1908. Membership: 70. Meats 
1st and 8d Tuesdays, at 62 
B. 106th St Pres., Harry 
Schlam, 29 St BCarks Place. 
Sec'y. Samuel Bhrenberg, 
1022 Stebblns Ave. 

Mcdseibosk P r o ir. Salldaite 
Soe. Sick benefit; Insur- 
ance; cemetery; free loan. 
Org. 1899. Membership: 146. 
Meetings: Ist and 8rd Sun- 
days, at 176 B. B'way. Pres., 
A. Onatowsky. 489 Oraham 
Ave.. B'klyn. Sec'y. Max 
Kneiser. 45 B o e r u m St, 
B'klyn. 



Gaatowsky, A., Pres. Medg- 
elbosh Prog. Solldarte Soa 
(176 E. B'way); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1871 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1898. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Bottle busi- 
ness: 442 Oraham Ave.. 
B'klyn. Res.: 489 Graham 
Ave.. B'klyn. 

Merchant Aid Society. Meets: 
at 276 E. Houston St. Pres., 
Max Garfunkel. 264 B. 7th 
St 




j^. Nerltaer Relief Ams*ii. Sick 

Ixi benefit ; Insurtince; ceme- 

Ch ^ tery; free loan. Orjj. 1900. 

^ Membership: 250. Meetings: 

let and 3rd Sundays, at lOG 

— Forsyth St. Pres., Simon 

Harris, 80 W. 112th St. Sec'y. 
Harris Abclow, 623 Wll- 

— lousrhby Ave., B'klyn. 

— Mesrltser Lndies* Aid Soe. In- 

surance; relief. Ortj. 19US. 

Membership: 150. Meetings: 
' — Ist and 3rd Saturdays, at SI 

Forsyth St. Pres., Sadi» 
_- Qoldsteln, 108 Division Ave.. 

B'klyn. Sec'y, J. Goodman. 
^ 1658 Minford PI. 

Goldnteln, Sadie, Pres. Me.s- 
_ ritzer Ladles' Aid Soc. (bl 

Forsyth St.), since 1914. 

Term 6 months. Born 1883 

" in Russia. Came to U. S. 

1901. Received jjeneral Jew- 
ish education. Shoes: 131 
Rlvington St. Res.: 108 
Division Ave., B'klyn. 

MllatsUer Brotherly Aid Soe. 

Sick benefit; cemetery. Org. 
1907. Membersliip: 40. Meet- 
ings: 2nd and 4tli Saturdays, 
at :>(\ Oi-ili.ird St. I'r. ^. 



MpIDAL Aip.*a«wonM 






A. BIek bane- 
j; ceinvtary; 
rs. IMt. |lw°- 

MntlnsB; tnd 
rdaya, at ITE E. 
I., Horrli Solo- 
, r rl ■ o D Atc, 
r. PhUip Zl«t(. 
1 At«. 

trtm, Prea. Mirer 
[ITi B. ffway}-; 
Term t montbi. 

Ruaala. Came 
:. Painter. R«a.: 
Ave., trklyn. 

■iBcr K. V. V. 

ceiDBtery. Ors. 
rahlp: 4». Ueet- 
1 trd Sfttvrdara. 
ton fit. Prea., 
tier, as Hopklna 
Sec'r, David 

I* mieiT • at.. 

nrtt, Prea. HI- 
liner K. U. V. 
1 St.): elected 
S montba. Born 
■a la. Cane to 
.ecelved seneral 
atlon. Rea.: S5 
Vklyn. 

Itardaiwllas <F. 

ck beneOt, cein- 
1910. Member- 
(eets Ind Bun- 
el Hall, Porayth 
on Sta. and at 
St. Prea.. Sam- 
l E. 112th »t. 
lenbaabat. nss 



I. Uft' 



ISTt. Hemberablp: II 
Insa: tat Sunday,' 
Broome St. Praa., Saotuel 
filmmotiB, ITt Pulaakl ' St.. 
B'klyn. Sec'r. A. Hyman, » 
B. U4tb St. 

•tameju, 8 a m ■ • I. Prea. 
Ulawer Cbevrah .AhATUb 
Acblm (2S1 Broom* St.), 
alnce 1911. Tarm 1 jfttr- 
Bora 1SB4 In Ruaala. Cwna 
to U. 8. ISTI. ReeelTBd sen- 
eral education. Rea.: ITI 
Pulaakl St.. B'klyn.: 

Madera HlBakcr V, H. ■, .A. 

Slok benellt, Inauraaoa, Mm- 
etery. Org. 1110. Ifambar- 
ahlp too. Meets 1st and Ird 
Thuradaya at 10* D. B'way. 
Prea., Abraham Uarabafc, 13 
Pike St. Sec'y, Morr^a Zeld- 
man. ISl Orchard St. 
Manhak. Abrakaa, Prek. 
Modern Ulnaker T. U. B. A. 
DOS B. B-way), atnce 111*. 
Term B montha. Born 1181 
In Ruasla, Came to U. 8. 
1SD5. Becplved general Jew- 
lab education. Reataorant 
Rea.: 22 Pike St. 

Me lev BeharKHder B. S, Sick 
benefit: cemetery: charity. 
Otk. 1894. Mfmbcrshlp: 100. 
Meettniri: ttid and 4th Sat- 
urday*, at lEl Clinton St. 
Prea.. David Plutnlck. 144 
So, 4th 81,, B'klyn. Sec'y. 
Warahaofaky, 70 



Sher 



t St. 



Plntnlpk. navld. Prpa. Molev 
Schargroder B. S. {1G1 Clin- 
ton St,): elected 1917. Term 
S months. Born 1B67 In 
Ruaala. Came to U. S. 1191. 



1897. Mem be rs h ! p: 165. 
E: Meetingrs: 2nd and 41h Wed- 




Montauk Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, J. Perlman, 939 Loner- 
wood Ave. 

Leatckner, Isldor, Pres. 
Monteflore Brotherly B. A. 
(107 W. 116th St.); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1867 In Austria. Received 
general education. Res.: 162 
Montauk Ave., B'klyn. 



Pi 

A: 



1«J nesdays at 107 W. 116th St. ^^ 

Pres., Isldor Lieutchner; 162 



B< 
to 
lit 
R. 
B' 

Mna 

be 
Oi 
M 

da 
Pi 
66 



MorHs Brock K. U. V. Sick 
benefit, insurance, ceme- 
tery. Org. 1916. Member- '^^ 
ship: 76. Meets at 10 Ave. *^ 
D. Pres., Simon Springier, ks 
808 E. 18th St. Sedy. Felix Hi 
HeMe, 26 York Terrace, New ^c 
Bri^rhton. in 
Sprlnser, Simon, Pres. Mor- ^' 
rls Brock K. U. V. (10 Ave. l»l 
D); elected 1917. Term 6 10 
months. Born 1869 in Rou- *C 
mania. Came to U. S. 1910. 
Received ereneral education. Natl 
Importer of cereals. Res.: Sli 
808 E. 18th St. M( 

2n 

MoHeii Monteflore Denevolent 10 

Socletx. i>\v]i benefit. Mom- La 



MUTUAIi AID AOBNOnS 



807 



TerzxK 6 months. Born 1870 
in -A^ustrla. Came to U. S. 
1S92. Received ereneral Jew- 
ish «<lucation. Res.: 426 E. 
L66tl^ St 



•^ro^er Uslted Verela. Sick 
benefit; insurance; ceme- 
tery. Org. 1906. Member- 
ship: 170. MeetincTs: 2nd and 
4th Saturdays, at 151 Clin- 
ton 8t P r e s., Samuel 
Shapiro, 187 Henry St. Sec'y. 
I. H. Mackler, 853 Schenck 
XTe., B'klyn. 

Shaplre, Samel^ Pres. Nem- 
rover United Verein (161 
Clinton St.), since 1915. 
Term 6 months. Born 1868 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1875. Insurance. Res.: 187 
Henry St. 



-_ Y. M. B. A. Sick 
benefit; cemetery. Org*. 1904. 
Membership: 460. Meets: 1st 
uid Sd Tuesdays, at 98 For- 
•m St Pres.. S. Millin, 99 
'^nyth St. Sec'y. A. Tay- 
l<>ri (99 Alabama Ave., 
BTUyn. 



New BcMMiniblaa Aid Ass'ii 
<^* B. O.) Cemetery. Orsr. 
1>I6. Membership: 40. Meet- 
laffi: Every 8 months, at 214 
X* 3nd St. Pres.. Mendel 
Hecht, 607 Wlllougrhby Ave.. 
^l3^ Sec'y* R. Grossman, 
70 Stanton St. 

Hteht, Mendel. Pres. New 
Bessarabian A.' A. (218 E. 
Ind St.), since 1896. Born 
1119 in Austria. Came to 
IT. 8. 1888. Received gren- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 



cation. Real Estate: 210 
Rivinsrton St. Res.: 607 
WiUougrhby Ave., B'klyn. 

Noroaower Y. M. B. A. Sick 
benefit; insurance; ceme- 
tery; tree loan. Orff. 1904. 
Membership: 90. Meetingrs: 
2nd and 4th Tuesdays, at 106 
E. B'way. Pres., Joseph 
Langrbert, 31 Canal St. Sec'y, 
S. Brooke. 484 E. 164th St. 
Laairbert, Josepk. Pres. Nor- 
onower T. M. B. A. (206 B. 
B'way); elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1869 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1911. 
Attended Gymnasium in 
Russia. Restaurant: 33 
Canal St. Res.: 81 Canal St. 

N o 8 h 1 m Rachmonlotk See. 

Charity. Orgr. 1893. Mem- 
bership : 2000. Meeting's: 
Every Monday, at 227 E. 
B'way. Pres., Mrs. Sarah 
Scharlin, 168 Henry St. 
Sec'y, Li. Leventhal, 236 E. 
B'way. 

Scharlin, Sarah* Pres. 
Noshim Rachmonioth Soc. 
(227 E. B'way). since 1893. 
Term 1 year. Born 1862 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1877. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Res.: 168 Henry 
St. 

IVovalser Ladlea* Sick B. S. 

Cemetery; free loan. Org. 
1909. Membership: 60. Meet- 
ings: 2nd and 4th Tuesdays, 
at 193 E. 2nd St. Pres.. 
Jacob Elsenberg. 18 Ist Ave. 
Sec'y, Julius Fassler. 211 E. 
7th St 



nor; mi J>uiiu ot. x\ea. . ao 

First ATe. 
Ri 
In 

^^ NoT^-Radomakcr Soctetj. Sick Oi 

i L benefit; cemetery. Org. 1899. 

'i Membership: 126. MeeU: 1st 

9 — and Sd Saturdays, at 10 W. 

.« 114th St. . Pres.. Leon Nlren- 

.^1 /^ berif, 894 Beok St. Seo'y, 

V^ ^ Isadore Fromey, 1666 Ave- 

i r nue A. 

^4 Iftreubcrip, LeMi* Pres. 

NoTa-Radomsker Society (10 

W. 114th St.); elected 1917. 

Term 6 months. Born 1877 
J In Russia. Came to U. S. 

1902. Received public school 
\, education. Painter: 869 So. 

, Boulevard. Res.: 894 Beck 

X • St. . 



k 
a 



r ; 




Woiwiihr d oi t e r Bfs. Ass' a. 
Cemetery; place of worship: 
'ft^ loan. Orff. 1894. Mem- 
bership: 160. M e e 1 1 n ff ■ : 
IBverSr Sunday, at 101 Hester 
St. ■ Pres., Abraham Epstein. 
199 FoYsyth St. Sec'y, Wolf 
Lev, 218 Clinton St. 

BSpstela, Abraham, Pres. 

NoWahrdoker Bros. Ass'n 
(101 Hester St.). since 1916 
Term 6 months. Born 1878 



O^ 



MUTUAL AID AGBNOmS 



0. V. tr. O. B. J. A.) 
li^ncfll: cemetery. Menibar- 
•blp: M. MeatlDSi: )»t »n<l 
Ird Bundax*. *t 210 E. 
HouiiDD St. Pre*.. Sam 
B«rlI0«ltB. 1ST Forayth SI. 
Scc'y, U ntiar, 44 DeUncey 
St. 

B^rknTtta, Smb. Praa. Oea- 
trekher Handwerkera' K. U. 
V. (IIO E. Hoaaton St.): 
rJfctti 191T. Term 6 montha. 
Born 1181 In SoumHtila. 
Cini to U. a 189S. Re- 
"li>cd general Jewlah edu- 
olion. Tatlor: 1S7 Porayth 
81- Rea.: 170 POrayth St. 

014 lira-. KleaentDTer K. V. 
1*' Sick benefit: Inaurance; 
wmetery; free loan. Org. 

DOS. Memberablp: 100. 
Uicli Jnd and 1th Saturdays 
« ItO Columbia St. rrea.. 
S&D Pactor, BS Lewla St. 
^"'t. Morrla Sllberman. 93 
tongln St. 



Oif. 1914. Memberahip; 200. 
KrrtlnKa: lat and Ird Bat- 
'^'ity. at 9S Clinton SI. 
^(1. Max Holtzman, 1114 
Cbirlea St.. B'klyn. Scc'y. 
'■Mar Forman. S26 E. 49th 

NaKaBaa, Max, Prea. Old 
8ln[0Ter B. A. (9a Clinton 
A); elected 1B17. Trrm 6 
■nontha. Born 1S7T In Ilua- 
•It. Came to U. B. 1913 
rtfceived seneral Jewish 



Ohct L'aJOB B. BBd B. S. Sick 

benefit: free loan . Org. 1903. 
Uembenhlii: 60. Meets 1st 
and 3rd Sunday afternoona, 
at iS7 B. Houston St. Fres.. 
Cella Taub, 984 Foreat Ave. 
Sec'y, Rev. A. Seelenfreund, 
SIB B. g3d St. 

Taab, Cella, Prea. Omer 
L'llon S. and B. S. <257 E. 
Houaton St.). alnce 1910. 
Terra 1 ytar. Born 1805 In 
Hungary. Came to U. S, 
1805. Ren.: 904 Foreat Ave. 

OripBtal Jeirtsh CaBBBaltr af 
Krw York ntr (P. O. J. A.> 

Sick benefit: cemetery; place 
of worahlp. Org. lilt. Mem- 
beralilp: 96. Meets at 12 B. 
119th St. PrcB.. Joseph Qe- 
dnlerla, 320 2nd Ave Sec'y, 
A. S. Amatpau, 40 W. llBth 



Orleatal Ptsk. See. 4F. O. J. .\.i 

Sick benefit; Inaurance: 
cemitcry. Org. 1904. Mem- 
bcrahlp: 65. Meeta lat Thurs- 
d.Ty, at 27 W. llBth St. PrPH . 
Arnold Rolhelm, 415 Clare- 
mont P'kway. Sec'y, Jaroh 
Schwart7. 823 Trinity Ave. 



tren loan: rPllet, OrK. 1R92 
Membership: 485. MoetlngH: 
1st and 3rd Saturdays, at 
ISl CUiiKni St. Pres., Henry 
Ll.'berman. 712 R, 17«lh St. 
Si'C'y, L, Axclrod. 938 Ho.' 
Ave. 



atlo 



R«a. 



Charles St.. B'klyn. 



I 



— Oiitrover Yoanur FrlrndM* Soc. 

Cemetery. Orj?. 1915. Mem- 
R: bershlp: 85. Meetings: 1st 

^ and Srd Saturdays, at 82 

Clinton St. Pres.. Isidore 
L Dumon. 581 E. 11th St. Secy. 

Sam Wasserman, 381 Powell 

St., B'klyn. 

Damon. iMldore, Pres. Ostro- 
ver Young Friends' Soc. (82 

Clinton St.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1888 

in Russia. Came to U. S. 

1910. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 531 E. 

11th St. 

Otic Mohllve Y. M. B. A. Sick 

benefit: cemetery: charity. 

Org. 1915. Membership: 90. 

Meetings: Every 1st and 3d 
— Thursday, at 223 E. 2nd St. 

Pres, Jacob Plltt, 325 E. 
' 120th St. Sec'y, Harry 

Zlmbler. 212 E. 122nd St. 

Plltt. Jacob. Pres. Otic Moh- 
llve Y. M. B. A. (223 E. 2iul 
St.); elected 1917. Term fi 
months. Born 1893 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1914. 
Reoelv«-(l >rent*ral J «* w 1 s h 
educjition. SaU•.«^^l:ln. }{*"*. 
^ 325 K. 120th St. 



MJJfOAL AID AOBSCaB 



8U 



B. S. Sick 
eemetery; tr— loan. 
82. Memb«rslilp: ISO. 
rs: 1st and trd Wed- 
I. at US S. Slth St. 
Herman Btark, 411 
r St., Kklam.; 8«o'y. 
norateSn. 1467 lint 

Hfiiiaa, Praa. PatOfl 
Id & a (U( B. filth 
Ince 1916. T«nn 1 
Som 1176 In Auatrla. 
to U. 8. 188f. Re- 
ffeneral Jewlali and 
education. Manager. 
182 D e c a t n r St.. 



sr B. S. Sick benefit; 
t: free loan. Or;, 
[emberahlp: 110. 
nd and 4th Saturdays 
BE. Snd St Free., Ja- 
cobaon, 40 B. 118th 
o'y, Morrta ICelman. 
lltb St 
m, JaeOb, Prea. Pet- 

B. S. <S09 B. 8nd 
ected 1817. Term 6 
. Bom 1888 In Rua- 
ime to U. a 1811. 
d areneral education. 

Rea.: 40 E. 118th St 

er T. II. B. 8. Sick 
inaurance; ceme- 
DriT. 1806. Member- 
0. Meetlnva^8nd and 
nrdaya, at 808 B. Snd 
L, William Turetaky. 
8th St. Sec'y. Morris 
W 681 B. 11th St 

7, wnilani. Prea. 

irer T. 11 B. a (809 

St): elected 1917. 



Term 6 months. Bom 1888 
In RuaaUL Camo to U. a 
1806. Received goneral J«w- 
iah eduction. Rea.: 711 & 
18th St 

Pctxokower B. 8. Znauranea. 

Orff. 1888. Memberahip: 80. 

Meetinsa: Snd 4nd 4th Sun- 
. daya. at 10 W. 114tii St 

Prea., F. Roaenblum, 7 Ave. 

A. Seo'y., N. Schloaaer. 

Pleaker Brotkevkao« B» A. 

Sick benefit; cemetery; fraa 
loan. Orff. 1908. Member- 
ahip: 188. Meetlnsa: lat and 
8rd Saturdaya, at 81 Forayth 
St Prea., Harry Aaronaon. 
Sec'y, M. Boyaraky» 78 Mon- 
roe St 

Pletroter T. M. B. A. Sick 
benefit; cemetery. Orar. 1908. 
Memberahip: 60. Meetinva: 
Snd and 4th Sundaya, at 88 
Forayth St. Prea., Samuel 
Dukelsky, 909 Drigrffa Are., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, A. Kundin, 88 
Avon PL, Newark, N. J. 

Dnkelaky, SamueL Prea. 
Pletroter T. M. B. A. (88 
Forayth St); elected 1817. 
Term 6 montha. Born 1888 
In Ruaaia. (Tame to IT. a 
1899. Received general Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
Insurance. Res.: 909 Driflrgrs 
Ave., B'klsm. 

Pllower B. A. Sick benefit; 
cemetery; free loan. Orgr. 
1905. Membership: 1*40. 
Meetingrs: 1st and Srd Wed- 
nesdays, at 198 E. Snd St 
Prei., Aaron Rosenblatt 886 



■la. Cama to U. B. 1*04. 
Reeelvad seneral J e w 1 ■ h 
•duration. Painter; tSlC 
B'way. Bar; BtE W. IttnA 
St 

PItaator a. A. Org. 1)*). Hem- 
'barshlp;'llMI. Heeu lat and 

U Batnrdara. at ill B. 

Hoiwtvn St Prea., Ombt 
^ Briebluatm-. Til BL Itk 8t. 

8ae*ri Joaeph 8oin«iinMi, SI 

Orohard St. 

BitAfeaKvr, Oaear, Pna. 

PlluaUr 8. and B. A. (117 B. 

Houston 8t.)i elected 1*17. 

Ttrm'S monthi. Bom lltO 

In Auatrla. Came to U. S. 

IMl. RecelTed c«R«r)iI' Jr*r- 

lah adnoatlon. Inaurance 

Broker: 711 B. Tth St 

Plawa^ar T. a. B. a. Sick 
baneflt; eamatary; charity. 
Ore. IMI. Ifambarahlpi.SO. 
Keetlnga: tad and 4tta Tnaa- 
dara. at lOS B. Sad Bt 
Prea. Kotman Frombers, 
1G<-B. IDtb 8t Seo'r. P. 
RankoS, 1» B. '4tli St 
Vi«Mibei«. Kofaiaa. Prea. 



MtmTAL AID AGENCIES 



8i3 



Taham Schwarts, 

St. Sec'y. David 

159 Bllery St.. 



Pre 8. 
>ciet7 (161 Clinton 
;ed 1917. Term 6 
Born 1886 in Rus- 
e to U. S. 1902. 
general Jewish 
Res.: 869 Beck 



. H. B. A. Ceme- 
r. 1915. Member- 
Meetings: 2nd and 
days, at 82 Clinton 
Tobias Rochman. 
Ige St. Sec'y. I- 
n. 68 Suffolk St. 

Tobias* Pres. Por- 

> Clinton St.). 

Term 6 months. 

in Russia. Came 

07. Received pub- 
education. Neck- 
Sprlngr St Res.: 

Iffe St. 

A. Sick benefit: 
free loan. Org. 

m b e r s h 1 p: 225. 
Ist and 8rd Sat- 

t 79 Forsyth St. 

njamin Gordon. 

m Ave. Sec'y, Sam 

;0 Williams Ave., 

, Benjaialii, Pres. 
B. A. (79 Forsyth 
e 1916. Term f> 
Born 1878 in Rus- 
le to U. S. 1902. 
general Jewish 
Lr education. Res.: 
>n Ave. 



Povoasker Wamhawer Y. M. 

B. A. Sick benefit; ceme- 
tery ; charity; insurance. 
Org. 1916. Membership: 100. 
Meetings: 1st and Srd 3atur- 
\lays. at 67 Clinton St. Pres., 
Abraham Danziger, 888 B. 
100th St. Sec'y, Alexander 
Wasserman, 45 Clinton St. 

Danslger, Abraham. Pres. 
Povonsker Warshawer Y. M. 
B. A. (67 Clinton St.), since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 
1872 in Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1899. Received general 
Jewish education. Cigars. 
Res.: 333 E. 100th St. 

Prager Warsha^rer Young 
liadien* Aid Soc. Sick bene- 
fit; cemetery; relief. Org. 
1914. Membership: 60. Meet- 
ings: 2nd and 4th Wednes- 
days, at 96 Clinton St. Pres., 
William Klein« 307 B. 9th 
St. Sec'y, N. Siroka, 130 
Suffolk St. 

Klein, William, Pres. Prager 
Warshawer Young Ladies' 
A. S. (96 Clinton St.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1882 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1907. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
307 E. 9th St. 

Prager Warsctaaaer Y. M. A. S. 
(F. R. P. H. A.) Sick bene- 
fit; cemetery; charity. Org. 
1904. Membership: 116. 
Meetings: 2nd and 4th Tues- 
days, at 77 Delancey St. 
Pres., Hyman Sllverfarb, 332 
E. 101st St. Sec'y, Harry 
Bernstein, 23 E. 3rd St. 
Sllverfarb, HTmaii, Pres. 



. E. lOlst St. 

Piiatiner Proff. Aid Soc. Si( 

{^' benefit; cemetery. Org:. 191 

Qh Membership; 63. Meeting 

Ist and 3rd Saturdays, at 
^ Ludlow St. Pres., Josei 
Wiener, 1233 Boston R 

Sec'y, Hyman Chernaifsk 

223 E. 66th St. 
. l^'leaer, Joseph, Pres. Pri 

tiner Proff. Aid Soc. ( 
Ludlow St.): elected 191 

Term 6 months. Born 18 

in Russia. Came to U. 
, 1903. Received general Je\ 

ish education. Cloaks: 2 

7th Ave. Res.: 1233 Bost< 
"^ Rd. 

Profrreaalve Horodenker Y. 

and Y. L. B. A. Sick ben 
fit; cemetery; charity. Or 

" 1914. Membership: 11 

Meetings: 1st and 3rd Su; 

— days, at 77 Delancey 5 

Pres., Samuel Hirschner. 6 
W. 177th St. Sec'y. Mi 
Becker. 186% E. 7th St. 

Proffrennlve Janlo^rscr Y. 
liOdffe. Sick benefit; insu 



MWHAli Afl> MBttfOm 



^ 



«r T. M. B. A. Blck 
rff. 1914. Keiilb«r- 

M«etliist: ' Brery 
y, at 121 B. Hoas- 
aa^ Harry QlaMer, 
m St. 8ee^, Frank 

Sheriff St. 

laivy, Prei. Prosr* 
r. IC a A. (828 B. 
St); elected 1917. 
lonthe. Bom 1898 
%. Came to 17. S. 
lived general Jew- 
eecular education. 
Btanton St. 

[er T. it. B, A, Sick 
Insurance; ceme- 
ST. 1904. Member- 
Meetfngfs: BTery 
at 864 B. B'way. 
Lthan Cohen, 295 
er St. 



fit: Insurance: 
free loan. Orsr. 

mbership: 600. 

BTery Monday, at 
'way. Sec^y, Sam 
9 Ittner PL 



r I<adleif B. A. 

Hembershfp: 25. 

let and 8rd Wed- 
at 96 Clinton St. 
I. Ida Berman, 130 
;., B'kl/n. Seo'y. S. 

8SS B. 8nd St. 
Ida* Pres. Prosku- 
ies* B. A. (96 Clin- 
linee 1916. Term 6 
Bom 1877 in Rus- 
le to U. S. 1910. 
general education. 
H6oper St., Vklyn. 



ClwrltaMe 
leaf AM^ib Sick besellt; In- 
suranco; cemetery; free 
loan. (>r8r. 1888. Member- 
ship: 280. Meets: 2nd and 
4th Tuesdays, at 100 West 
116th St Pres., Harris 
Rabinowits» 1808 Union Are. 
Sec'y, Samuel Makaranky. 
685 B. 169th St. 

Rablaewlta» Harrls» ^res. 
Prusener Charitable Benev- 
olent Ass'n. .(100 W. 116th 
St); elected 1917. Term 1 
year. Born 1874 In Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1891. Received 
greneral education. Insur- 
ance: 161 W. 125th St Res.: 
1808 Union Ave. 



Pneaiyslaaer Y. M. SIek aad 

B. A. Sick benefit; ceme- 
tery; free loan. Orsr* 1909. 
Membership: 90. Meetinirt: 
Bvery Monday, at 10 Ave. t>. 
Prea, Samuel Weisstein, 801 
First Ave. Sec*y, Isidore 
Spiegel, 68 H B. 1st St 

WelMitelB, Samael. Pres. 
Prsemyslauer Y. M. Sick and 
B. A. (10 Ave. D); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1896 in Austria. Came to 
U. S. 1912. Received general 
Jewish and secular educa- 
tion. Res.: 801 1st Ave. 

Rachel RIckter K. U. V. Sick 
benefit; charity. Orsr. 1908. 
Membership: 150. Meetlngrs: 
2nd and 4th Wednesdays, at 
267 E. Houston St Pres., 
Rachel Rlchter. 871 B. 8th 
St Sec'y, O. (Joldberffer, 898 
B. 8th St 



»^ 



cation. Kea.: 371 E. 8th S 

Radants Bukowlnaer Relic 

l^ Fund. Free loan. Org. 190 

Ch Membership: 125. Meeting? 

J Every Sunday, at 169 ] 

Houston St. Pres., Mm 

— Arm, 64 B. 1st St. Sec' 

Harry Kern. 304 E. 3rd St 
Arm, Max* Pres. Radun 

— Bukowlnaer Relief Fun 

(169 £. Houston St.). sine 

1914. Term 6 months. Boi 

1872 in Austria. Came i 
U. S. 1905. Received gener, 

. Jewish education. Carpei 

ter. Res.: 64 E. 1st St. 

^dantscr Buckoifvinaer Y. ? 
and Y. L. B. A. Sick bon< 

" fit: cemetery: dlsabllll 

fund. Membership: '40. Mcc 

— InfiTs: 2nd and 4th Tucsdny 

at 67 St. Marks PI. Pre: 
Louis Wallach. 716 E. 5th ir 
Sec'y. Max Klamer. 603 : 
6th St. 

Wallach, I.oulM, Pres. Ra( 

antser Buckowlnaer Y. 1 
and Y. L. B. A. (57 S 
Marks PI.); eloctol 191 
Term 6 months. Hi)rn IM 
In Anstrhi. Came to I'. 
IfidT TN*(( lv»»il trrrii'i-.! 1 .I» v 



MCTDAIa AID AGKNCm 



117 



• Mermmm, Pres. 
r. M. B. A. (151 

St.)* since 191S. 
}nth8. Bom 1867 
Came to U. S. 
ved general Jew- 
tlon. Res;: 384 
t.. B'klyn. 

B. S. Cemetery. 
Membership: 42. 
1st and 3rd Sat- 
; 193 E. 2nd St. 
eph Loomer, 273 
Jt. Sec'y, Daniel 
136 Bldridere St. 

»seph. Pros. Hash- 
I. (193 E. 2nd St.). 
Term 3 montha 
In Russia. Came 
>7. Received gen- 
sh and secular 
Mfgrr. Boys' Knee 
38.: 278 Chrystte 



of Ekaterlnofflav. 

U: insurance; 

free loan. Org. 
[embership: 3 5 0. 
2nd and 4th Mon- 

98 Forsyth St. 
jamin Shaffer, 80 

St. Sec'y, Sam 
, 7S W. 118th St. 

^BJallltB, Pres. Re- 
of Ekaterinoslav 
;h St.). since 1916. 
onths. Born 1860 
Came to IT. S. 
ived general Jew- 
ion. Tailor. Res. : 
h St • 

aad B. 8. Sick 
>rr. 1916. Mem- 



bership: 100. - Meets Ist and 

3d Wednesdays, at 107 W. 
116th St. Pres., Jacob Zab- 
inski. 68 W. 117th St. Sec'y. 
Max Newmaii, 1427 Madison 
Ave. 

Zablnekl, Jacob, Pres. Re- 
public S. and B. S. (107 W. 
116th St.). since 1916. Term 
1 year. Born 1866 in V. S. 
Received sreneral education. 
Deputy collector U. S. -In- 
ternal revenue : Customs 
House. Room 503. Res.: 68 
W. 117th St. 

Rose Schoeabers Sick and 

B. S. Sick benefit: cemetery; 
Org. 19 12. Membership: 
100. Meetingrs: 1st and 3d 
Saturdays, at 267 B. Hous- 
ton St. Pres.. Mrs. Rose 
Schoenbergr, 43 St. Marks PI. 
Sec'y, A. Seelenfreund, S26 
E. 83d St. 

Schonberirer, M r ■• Rose. 

Pres. Rose Schonberger S. & 
B. S. (257 E. Houston St.), 
since 1912. Term 6 months. 
Born 1868 in Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1887. Received pub- 
lic school education. Res.: 
43 St. Marks PI. 

Rostover Hand^rerker U. V. 

Sick benefit; Insurance; 
cemetery; free loan. Orgr- 
1887. M e m b e r 8 h i p: 125. 
Meetings: Ist and 3rd Mon- 
days, at 206 B. B'way. Pres., 
Simon H. Ager. 145 Ave. C. 
Sec'y. T. D a s h k i n, 1418 
Prospect Ave. 

Ager, Simon H., Pres. Ros- 
tover Handwerker IT. V. 
(206 E. B'way). since 1912. 



H 



K. 9tll Bt. 

RoteheTer Wolhjmer Aid ! 

J^^ Siok benefit; cemetery. C 

r cb 1^^^* Membership: 85. Mc 

J Infft: 2nd and 4th Sundf 

at 14S Suffolk 8L Pr 
Louis Goodman, S6S S. 
, St, B'klyn. Sec'y, Sam 

Levack, c|o Lehman, 



^ L 



:i 



1 

1 • .1 



/U- Norfolk St. 

'^ Ooo€aiaB,IjO«ls,P 

Rotchever Wolhyner A. 
(145 Suffolk St.), since l! 
Term 6 months. Born 1 
in Russia. Came to U. 
1904. Rieceived greneral J( 

'i ish education. Insurai 

I Res.: S52 So. 4th St., B'kl 




Rtt»fai«M Amerieam B. S. 
V. R. J. aad F. R. J. A.) S 

.-^ • benefit; insurance: cei 

tery; free loan. Or^. 1! 
" Membership: 800. Meetio 

1st and Srd Tuesdays, at 
Forsyth St Pros., Zallei 
Petreanu, 143 Stockton 
B'klyn. Sec'y. Joe Lebonv 
747 B. 168th St 
Petreann, Zaller L.« P 
Roiimanlnn American R, 
(98 Forsyth St.). since 1: 
Torm fi months Rom 1 



KUTDAL AID AGBM'GnBB 



^ 



Sick benefit; 
letery. Orar. 
lip: 5S. Meet- 
Srd Sundays, 
'. Free., Bar- 
\n W. 174th 
Popkln, 87 



B. A* (F. G. 

c benefit; In- 
metery; free 

02. Member- 
stlngra: Byery 
11 B. Hone ton 
ris Poloflre^ 78 
Cklyn. Sec'y. 

94 Attorney 

i» Free. Rses- 

3. A. (257 B. 
since 1916. 

8. Born 1892 
ame to U. S. 
greneral Jew- 
u Salesman. 
:h St, B'klyn. 

;. B. A. Sick 
sry. Orgf. 1903. 
JO. Meetlngrs: 
ondays. at 67 
Free., Samuel 
. Sd St. Sec'y» 
trer, 268 Ave. 

ael. Free. Sad- 
B. A. (67 St. 

elected 1917. 
hs. Born 1890 
:7ame to U. S. 
. general Jew- 
Furrier: 77 
Hes.: 77 E. Srd 



meg AaePto* (F» Q%. B. 
J. A«) Sick benefit; oei^e- 
tery; free loan. Org, 1907. 
Membership: 90. Heetlnvs: 
2nd and 4th liondaya. at 121 
Bssex St. Fres., C&ariM 
Bstner. 22 Lndlow lEK. de^y. 
Moses Teitelbanm» 121 RiT* 
Ingrton St 

Bstmer, Ckarleii* Fres. Sam 
Brenner Ass'n (121 Bases 
St); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1878 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. & 1196. 
Attended public school in 
Atistrla. Carpenter. Res.: 
22 Ludlow St 

SmmeoB HymaB l4i4. K« V« T. 

Cemetery. Orff. 1902. Mem- 
bership: 66. Meets: 2nd and 
4th Sundays, at 214 B. 2nd 
St. Fres., B. Schwartz^ 98 
Goerck St Sec*y, Jos. Klein, 
487 B. 80th St 

Bandera Asa^ Sick benefit 
insurance, cemetery. Org:. 
1891. Membership: 276. 
Meets erery Wednesday at 
484 Grand St Fres., Isidore 
Sherer, 434 Grand St Sec'y, 
Tobias Sanders. 

Saroker Beeaarablaa M. A. 8. 

Sick benefit; cemetery; free 
loan. Orgr. 1897. Member- 
ship: 65. Meetingrs: 2nd and 
4th Saturdays, at 146 Suf- 
folk St. Fres., Julius Do- 
jansky. 15 W. 46th St Sec'y, 
Max Daniisrer, 80 Varet St* 
B'klyn. 

Dojaniiky, Jallna, Fres. Saro- 
ker Bessarabian Bf. A. S. 
(145 Suffolk St): elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 



f\ 



SasaoTer Y. BI. Ben. and £< 

eatlonal Soc. Sick bene 

place of worship: Orgr. IS 

1^^ Membership: 53. Meetin 

Ch Every Thursday, at 86 - 

torney St. Pres., Sam Ros* 
^ bersr. 209 E. 7th St. Se< 

Joseph Qross, 123 Suff* 

St 

RoaeaberiTt Sam, Pres. Sa 

— over Y. M. Ben. and Edu 

tional Soc. (86 Attorney S 

— since 1916. Term 6 mont 

Born 1895 in Austria. Ca 
to U. S. 1909. Received er< 

— - eral Jewish and secu 

education. Cutter. Res.: 
_ B. 7th St 

— .a 

t 

^ Batanovlr B. S. Sick bene 

cemetery; free loan. O 
1908. Membership:! 

" Meetingrs: 1st and 3rd Si 

days, at 209 E. 2nd St. Pr< 

- Benjamin Liptsin, 609 W 

138d St Sec'y. Jacob Oerst 
man, 977 Avenue St. John 
Llptsln, Benjamin. Pres. S 
anovlr B. S. (209 E. 2nd SI 
elected 1917. Term 6 mont 
Born 1872 in Russia. Ca 
to U. S. in 1902. RcceU 
general Jewish educatli 
Insurance. Res.: 509 W. 12 



ICUTUJi« Aip AAmrciBa 



821 



Pre». 

B. A. (ISl Clinton 
ice 1115. Term < 
Born 1867 in Rus- 
me to U. S. 1900. 
I general Jewish 
n. Res.: 877 Sack- 
B'klyn. 

B. A. Sick benefit; 
e; cemetery; free 
*r|^ 1900. Member- 
L Meetings: 1st and 
lays, at 79 Delancey 
.. Sam'i Cohen. 1781 
PI.. B'klyn. Sec'y. 
argolin, 58 Rutgers 

lanmel. Pres. Shatz- 
L. (79 Delancey St.). 
L5. Term 6 months. 
r4 in Russia. Came 
. 1905. Res.: 1781 
PL. B'klyn. 

ter B. S. Sick bene- 
leUry. Org. 1902. 
ihip: 60. Meets 1st 

Sunday afternoons. 
1 116th St. Pres.. 
irshawsky. 815 E. 

Sec'y. Morris Drey- 
E. 189th St. 

« 

prakr, Joe. Pres. 
itser B. a (75 E. 
St.); elected 1917. 
months. Born 1879 
ia. Came to U. S. 
kceived general edu- 
Res.: 815 E. 101st St. 

r B. A, Sick bene- 
letery. Org. 1905. 
ihlp: 60. Meetlngrs* 
8rd Sundays, at 75 
1 St. Pres.. Louis 



M. Dreyfus. 618 E. ' 18tth St 
Wolf, Lovls, Pres. Sheid- 
lonser B. A. (75 E. 116th 
St.), since 1914. Term 6 
months. Bom 1879 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1901. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Butcher. Res.: 
662 E. 156th St. 

SImlatfher Sick B. A. Sick 
benefit; cemetery; insur- 
ance. Org. 1891. Member- 
ship: 65. Meetings: 1st and 
8rd Wednesdays, at 81 For- 
syth St. Pres.. Louis Wilner, 
200 Henry St. Sec'y. M 
Dreyfus. 518 E. 139th St. 

Wilner, Louis, Pres. Slmia- 
tcher Sick B. A. (79 Forsyth 
St.). since 1905. Term 1 
year. Born 1869 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1887. Re- 
ceived general Jewish and 
secular education. Painting: 
140 E. B'way. ' Res.: 200 
Henry St. 

Slnkower Podoller B. A. Cem- 
etery; charity. Member- 
ship: 40. Meetings: Ist and 
3rd Saturdays, at 85 E. 4th 
St. Pres., Joseph Rosen- 
thal. 549 E. 11th St. Sec'y. 
Max Saltzman. 321 E. 21st 
St. 

Rosenthal, Joseph, Pres. 
Slnkower Podoller B. A. (85 
E. '4th St.), since 1916. Term 
6 months. Born 1881 In 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1910. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Res.: 549 B. 11th 
St. 



Aronaon, 111 Av«. A. Beo'r. 
Ii. Prlncat Sit rranklln Ave., 

■kalat K. V. V. Slok beneflt; 
eematarjr; p1bo« ot w*rBh)it; 
traa loan. Ore. UH. Uetn- 
Iwrahlp! ai. MMta tnd knd 
4tli WadBMdkyB, Kt lai lad 
Bt. Ft**.. Altar Priadntftn, 
at & Vway: 8«c'7. lauc 
KUln. »■ tad St 

•kalatcr Ladled Aai^H. Cam- 
aterr- Ore. lltT. Hembar. 
•Up: 64. Xeetlnra: Ind and 
4th Wedneadaya, at 10* B. 
tnd St. Prea., Qoldle Uased. 
IMO Hoe Ave. Bee";. Philip 
lADdeiman, tOt Btanton BL 
■■see, Ctaldla, Prea. Bkala- 
tw lAdlat' AM'n (ID* B. Ind 
BU); alected 1«1T. Term f 
montha. Bom nil in Aua- 
trla. Came to V. B. IMS. 
Received seneraj J e w 1 a h 
aduoatlon. Rea.: 1000 Hoe 
Ava. 

•kBiler K. V. T. (F. O. B. J. A.| 

Sick beneflti Inauraoce: 
cemetery: free loan. Org, 
18S3. Memberahlp: 111. 
Meetlngra: 1st and 3d Thura- 

.-... .. T, iTIoncPV at. 



mmf^ iNiD ^MwoI■l 



110..Me«ti9ff*: 
TuMdaya, at 67 
Pres.» Bosle 
loss Till Ave. 
is LeTtne, 107 
L, B'klyn. 

i«jith Aelilki. 
cemetery; place 
3rff. 1000. liem- 
Meetlnffs: let 
idaye, at tU B. 
L, Simon Rosen- 
lOth 8t. Sec'y. 
, 17S RtYlnffton 



Free, 
.ffndath Achlm 
1 St); elected 
S monthe. Born 
tria. Came to 
Received sren- 
md secular edu* 
ises: 13 B. 17th 
I SI lOtb St. 

, M. B. A« Sick 
>tery. Org. 1906. 

118. Meetinsrs: 
Wednesdays, at 
It. Pres., John 
52 Maujer St., 
y, J. Miller. 461 
B'klyn. 

kB, Pres. Soch- 
. B. A. (70 For- 
cted 1917. Term 

Born 1888 in 
e to U. & 1900. 
neral Jewish 
education. Res.: 
It. B'klyn. 

elite Franeaiae. 

embership: 200. 
inday, at 166 E. 
'ea, Charles 



Bickard. 146 W. 44tk St 
S«o'y« Leon Levy, 841 W. 
148th St 

Blekasd* Ckaiirlas^ Pros. So- 
ciety Israelite Francaiso 
(166 B. 68tk Bt), since 1914. 
Term 1 year. Bom l|6t iii 
France. Came to U. 8. in 
1890. Men's Fumlsliinsrs: 
146 W. 44tk St 

••elaty Sksvet Jvdah <BMtk- 
erkM« of J«dak). Sick ben- 
efit cemetery. Org, 1864. 
Membership: 46. Meeti: 1st 
Tuesday, at 41 W. 184tk St 
Pres.» Willie Levy, 888 Cen- 
tral Park West. Ssc'y. 
Adolph Schwarsbaum, 861 
St. Nicholas Ave. 

Sokolow Verete. Sick benefit; 
cemetery. Orar. 1914. Mem- 
bership: 60. Meetings: 2nd 
and 4th Sundays, at 66 
Orchard St Pres., Harry 
Penetsky. 186 Orchard St. 
Sec'y, Samuel Morrison, 121 
Division St 

Peaetsky, Harry, Pres. Sok- 
olow Verein (66 Orchard 
St); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Bom 1886 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1906. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Baker. Res.: 136 
Orchard St 

Boiler Brothers B. A. Sick 
benefit; insurance; ceme- 
tery; free loan; charity. 
Org:. 1908. Membership: 60. 
Meetingrs: Ist and 3rd Sat- 
urdays, at 96 Clinton St. 
Pres., M. Abramowitz, 900 
Riverside Drive. Sec'y, S. 
Finffer. 21 B. 104th St 



— ■ Sec'y, G. B. Hamburgrer, 3 

New York Ave., Jamalc 

Ri L. I. 

In 

Cb <^iiecit, Samuel, Pres. Solok 

j^ B. A. (10< Forsyth St. 

elected 1917. Term 6 montt 

— Born in Rusaia. Came 

U. S. 1890. Received hi) 
school education. Broki 

— Res.: 6806 6th Ave., B'klyi 

Sobs of Adam Chevrah. Si( 

benefit; Insurance; cem 
tery. Org. 1865. Membe 
ship: 98. Meetlngrs: 1st Su: 
day, at 100 W. 116th I 

-* Pres., T. Marks. Sec* 

Henry Krombach. 164 '^ 

^ 116th St. 

^ Sobs of Jndak. Sick benefl 

insurance; cemetery. Or 

^ 1900. Membership: 85. Mee 

ingrs: 1st and 3rd Sunday 
at 214 B. 2nd St. Pres., Da' 
Cobert, 1686 St. Johns P 
B'klyn. Sec'y. I. Brechc 
815 E. 16lBt St 

Aonhia TT. V. Rlok ht^nt^f 



JCyrOAIi AID ACHOfCaBB 



8» 



d, Li»«l% Pre*. Btop- 
r. Jli. B. A. (80 CUn- 
; eleotad ltl7. Tens 
ths. Born 1877 In 

Cam* to U. a 18tl. 
d senoral education. 

Res.: 161 Riverdale 
klyn. 

> T. M. B. 8. (F. G. B. 

Sick benefit; ceme- 
Orz» 1806. Member- 
K MeetlniTs: 1st and 
dnesday, at 88 Clin- 
Prea, Samuel Welts, 
Kinney St., Newark, 
iec'y, J. Altman. 884 
St. 

Bammclt Free. Strells- 
M. B. S. (82 Clinton 
nee 1818. Term 6 
. Born 1888 In Aus- 
^me to U. a 1814. 
td fireneral Jewish 
on. Res.: 888 W. 
St., Newark, N. J. 

• 

ler K. U. T. Sick 
cemetery. Org. 1816. 

*sliip: 80. Heetinffs: 

: 8rd Sundays, at 86 

St. Pres., Jack Bal- 
B. 88th St Sec'y, W. 

dter. 48 E. 170th St. 

Jaek, Pres. Stretchy- 

U. V. (86 S3. 4th St). 

116. Term 6 months. 

188 In Russia. Cann^ 
1806. Received gen- 

NTlsh education. Res.: 

nth St 

Trnmmm Men's ft. A. 

neflt; cemetery; free 
Org. 1801. Member- 
8. Meetings 1 1st and 



8rd Saturdays, at 176 B. 
B'way. Pres., Julius Hirsch- 
son, 160 a 1st St, B'klyn. 
Sec'y, J. ZloUow, 848 B. 16th 

HIreehson* J n 1 1 n s » Pres. 
Stuchiner T. M. B. A. (176 
Bl B'way), since 1816. Term 
8 months. Born 1888 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1806. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Rea: 160 a 1st 
St, B'klyn. 



Stavlsker Young Mens. Sick 
benefit; insurance; ceme- 
tery; free loan. Org. 1808. 
Membership: 85. Meetings: 
2nd and 4th Mondays, at 206 
E. B'way. Pres., S. Levitt 
567 Fox St Sec'y, B. Perlow, 
47 E. 8rd St 

Swener Yoang Brothei** B. 8. 

Sick benefit; cemetery; free 
loan; insurance. Org. 1898. 
Membership: 60. Meetings: 
Ist and 3rd Saturdays, at 98 
Forsyth St Pres., Abraham 
Cohen, 22 Lenox Ave. Sec'y, 
Max Spiegel, 302 E. 2nd St 
Coken, A b r a k a m« Pres. 
Swener Toung Brothers' B. 
S. (98 Forsyth St); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1867 in Russia. Came to 
U. S. 1882. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular 
education. Res.: 22 Lenox 
Ave. 

Swlstlotcher Brotherkeod 
Ase^n. Sick benefit; insur- 
ance; cemetery. Org. 1912. 
Membership: 86. Meetings: 
1st and 8rd Saturdays, at 



1 




— Swistlotcher i5rovuc«».ww 

Ass'n (206 B. B'way) 

Rt elected 1917. Term 6 month 

^ Born 1886 In Russia. Can^ 

to U. S. 1912. Attended pul 
I lie school. Res.: 602 Wa 
. kins St., B'klyn. 

SBCBeraeccr K. 17. V. Sic 

benefit; cemetery. Org?. 190 
Membership: 50. Meetlngri 
1st and 3rd Mondays, at 2' 
El. Houston St. Pres., Sa 
Haberman, 109 Rlvlngrton S 
Seo'y, Israel Strelfer, 209 
"^ 7th St. 

Haberman, Sam* Pr( 

— Sscserzecer K. U. V. (276 

Houston St.), since 19' 

" Term 6 months. Born IS 

In Austria. Came to U. 

^ 1904. Received greneral Je 

Ish education. Machinl 

_ Res.: 109 Rivingrton St. 

Sstmar «• Vedeke Sick and 

8. Sick benefit. Org:. 1! 
Membership: 50. Meetin 
1st and 3rd Wednesdays. 
17 Ave. A. Pres., Ma; 
SeifT, 846 B. 78th St. S€ 
Martin Stark. 602 E. 1611: 
Sellf, Martin, Pros. Szt 
68 Vedoke Sick and B. S. 



moniAi* AID A/moKcab 



^4. K. U. v. (S14 B. 
.)• slnott lilt. T«nn 
tba. Born 1947 In 
L Cu&« to U. & UtS. 
Id g%n%nl Jowlsh 
OB. Rto.: SIS BL 4th 



M«mb«rihlp: SO. U—U Snd 
and 4th Thuridays. at 114th 
8t and Sth Av. Pros., Bara 
Baeola, S4 . Canal St, o|o 
Oanla Soe'r* Aaroa Sadook, 
SS Oroono 'st 



T. L. 

toOi 81ok benoflt; 
an. Ore. ],S1S. Mem- 
>: S4. Mooting*: Bvory 
lay, at f 7 CUnton St. 
Bonjamln Stoin, 010 
i St. Soo^j. Iildoro 
1, 1S4 Attomor St. 

B— Jomtn, Proo. Tar- 
r T. If. and T. L. 

Boc (07 amton St.); 
i 1S17. Torm months. 
SSS In Anstrta. Came 
a ISOS. Received 
1 c school education. 
ML Roa.: 010 B. Sth 



icr SwoBtonwolcr SIek 
Sick honeflt; Insur- 

oemotory. Ors. ISOS. 

trshlp: ISS. Meetings: 

S Srd Snndays, at 176 

way. Pros.. Israel 
OS Christopher Ave.. 

. SooTj, Jacob Cohen. 

1st St. 

Isvaol, Pros. Tele- 
' Swontenwolor Sick 
17S B. B'wajr); elected 
Torm months. Born 
I Rnssla. Came to U. 
S. Rooolyed ireneral 
i education. Res.: 68 
ipher Ave.. B'klyn. 



Toloekinor SPHondo Asi^^ Slok 
benefit; Insurance; oome- 
tery. Orr 1S14. ICombor- 
Bhlp: OS. MeotlniTo: Snd and 
4th Sundays, at SO Clinton 
St Sec*/, B. Quslkaw, 
Hopkins St, B'klyn. 



Torvowttaor Ti 

B. A. Sick benefit; charity. 
Ors. 1816. Membership: 06. 
Meetiners: Bvery Friday, at 
8S CUnton St Pros., Benja- 
min Schnelderman, S64 B. 
10th St Sec'y. Alexander 
Kariefsky. ISS Ave. D. 
Sehaetdomuui, Bonjaailn, 
Pros. ToFffowltser Touns 
Friends' B. A (SS Clinton 
St), since 1S16. Term S 
months. Born 1SS6 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. a ISOS. 
Received general Jewish 
and secular education. Rea: 
06^4 B. lOth St 



<S 
J. A.) 



of lovael) 
(Somotory. 



Trembowlor Tonns FHends 
(F. G. B. J. A.) Sick bene- 
fit; cemetery; free loan; 
charity. Org. 1S07. Mem- 
bership: 120. Meetiniro: Snd 
and 4th Mondays at 146 Suf- 
folk St. Pres., Max Brown. 
S74 E. 10th St Seo'y, Isaac 
Schechter, 708 E. 5th St 
Brown, Max, Pres. Trem- 
bowler Younff Friends (146 
Suffolk St), since 1S16. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1S80 
in Austria. Came to U. a 



eemcterr; cliBrity. urg. ib«#. 
Hamberslilp: >T. Meatlngi: 
lit and Srd Mondayi, al i» 
W. USt» 8'- Pr^'- Simon 
Baltricht. G K. UTth St. 
Bec'y. John 8tuck»old, S W. 
lllth St. 

HaltriakC »«"». Prea- 1""- 
k«r B. A. (ST W. llGth St); 
^iMrtad 1*11. Term ■ monthi. 
B«n> IHI In RuMla. Cvae 
to tr. a «8»- BBcelTBd 
pvbllo aohool education. 
jawaUr. Rea.: G D. llTth St. 

T ^j ^war AU ■•<!- Sick bene- 
flt: Inanranoe; oametery. 
Ore. !••»■ Memberahlp: ITS. 
Haattnca; Jnd and 4th Sat- 
vrtara. at it Clinton St. 
PraA. Jaeob KantorowUa, 
W Oaboni St.. B'Wyn. Sec"y. 
A, KrlkUD. «T Hlnidala St.. 
BTUtii. 

KaBterawtta. Jaeob, Prea. 
Tnrowar Aid Soc. {»« ain- 
ton Bt>, «ln« 1»16. Term 
• moDtlia. Born 1!'< I" 
RvMla. Came to U. S, ISOE. 
lUcatvad .Bsneral JowlBti 
.Aueallon. Ra*.- 1ST Osborn 



ltUTDAI» AID AOEKOIBi 



829 



Jacob Oedallah, 8675 
B'way. Sec'y. Jacques Bon- 
■omow 1 BL 118th St. 

ITBltttd Botoaluuier Amerl- 
esB Brvtkcriy Ben. Soc Sick 
b^neflt; cemetery. Orgr. 1904 
Membership: 135. Meetings - 
1st and Srd Mondays, at 106 
Forsyth St. Pres., Qershan 
Qoldshlaffer, 290 Broome St 
Sec'y, Wolf Segrall. 750 2ncl 
St. 

GoldsUaverv Gershan. Pres 
The United B o t o ah a n e i 
American Brotherly B. S 
(106 Forsyth St.); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1860 In Roumanla. Came to 
U. 8. 1880. Received gen 
eral Jewish education 
Woolena Res.: 290 Broome 
St. 

UBite4 Brothers of Tomashow. 

Sick benefit; cemetery; free 
loan. Org. 1906. Member 
ship: 112. Meetings: 2nd 
and 4th Saturdays, at 79 E 
116th St. Pres., Harry Fried 
Sli B. 106th St. Sec'y, Max 
Wolf, 900 Union Ave. 

Wwimdf Harry, Pres. United 
Brothers of Tomashow (79 
BL 116th St.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1885 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1911. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 219 E. 
106th St. 

L'afted Hebrew Comnnaity of 
ir. T. (Adath Israel), 203 E. 
B'way. Membership: 8,000. 
Orir. 1901. Provides the 
members and their famlllea 



with free burial srround and 
expenses; free loan, syna- 
eroflTue. Pres., M. Phillips. 
Sec'y, Dr. 6. Mosesson, 1744 
Anthony Ave. 

United Komamo Aid Soe. 

Cemetery; place of wor- 
ship. Orgr. 1916. Member- 
ship: 65. Meetlngrs: 2nd and 
4th Saturdays, at 62 Pitt St. 
Pres.. Nathan Wasserbergr* 
28 Goerck St. Sec'y, Harry 
Moskowltz, 194 Stanton St. 

Waaaerbers, Natluui, Pres. 
United Komarno Aid Soc. 
(62 Pitt St.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1882 
In Austria. Came to U. S. 
1902. Received gr^neral Jew- 
ish education. Window 
cleaner. Res.: 28 Ooerck St. 

United Minsker B. A. Sick 
benefit; Insurance; ceme- 
tery. Orgr. 1908. Member- 
ship: 1112. Meetlngrs: 1st and 
Srd Mondays, at 206 E. 
B'way. Sec'y. A. Sonkln, 161 
E. 103rd St. 

United Navoler Y» M. B. S. 

Sick benefit. Orgr- 1916. 
Membership: 70. Meets 
Thursdays, at 10 Ave. D. 
Pres., Louis Schechter, 126 
Ave. C. Sec'y, S. Sonenthal, 
92 Pitt St. 

Schechter, Lovla, Pres. 
United Navoler T. M. B. a 
• (10 Ave. D); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1891 
In Austria, Came to U. S. 
1905. Received g:eneral edu- 
cation. Manager of restaur- 
ant. Res.: 126 Ave. C 



k 



uacoD luevine, iY'4 Madison 

— St. 

j^j GeUes, Michael, Prea. United 

In Painters' B. S. (209 E. 

Cb B'way), since 1916. Term « 

j^ months. Born 1878 in Rus- 

sia. Came to U. S. 1892. 

— Received general Jewish 

and secular education. Con- 
tractor: 67 Eldridffe St. 

— Res.: 89 Bldridgre St. 

— United Sisters of Tomaasow B. 

A. Orff. 1917. Membership: 

70. Meetlners: let and 3d 
— ■ Wednesdays, at 75 E. 116th 

St. Pres., Meyer Shetland. 
^ 8 E. 118th St. Sec'y, S. 

Hoskowlts. 15 W. 117th St. 

— United Sisters' Monteflorc B. 

Shotland, Jtteyer, Pres. U. S. 
_ of Tomassow B. A. (75 E. 

116th St.); elected 1917. 

Term 6 months. Born 1879 

in Russia. Came to U. S. 

1906. Received greneral Jew- 

IsJ^ and secular education. 

Designer. Res.: 8 E. 118th 

St. 

United ^dntern* Monteflore R. 



IfOTUlIt AID ACOOfCDIB 



SSL 



Somaeh, St67 
klyn. Seof 7, L 
404 Halsejr 8t^ 

!■» Pres. United 
. (81 Forsyth 
•16. Term 6 
a 1868 in Rui- 

U. & 1886. 
>llc ichool in 
cish Bath: 185 

Ree.: Sf87 W. 
1. 

U Cemetery; 
hip; free Idhn. 
imberihlp: 186. 
and 8rd Sat- 
09 B. Snd St. 

1 Iilebman, 111 
B'klyn. Sec'y, 

108 Norfollc St. 
Ill lam. Free. 
%.. (808 B. 2nd 
1917. Term 6 
n 1898 in Aue- 
to U. 8. 1909. 
eral J e w i ■ h 
ailor: 146 Ave. 
1 So. 8rd St.. 



■riake 8eh^rce« 

. Sick benefit; 
emetery; free 
908. Member- 
fee te: let and 
at 214 B. 2nd 
innie Petersel, 
m St. Sec'y, 
818 Hewitt PL 
nie. Free. Ver- 
riehe Schwest- 
814 E. 2nd St.); 
Term 6 months. 
Austria. Came 



to U. & 1896. RaoelTed Ha* 
brew education. Rat.: 198 
Rlvinffton St. 

I 
Teretelste ZeaeBlerer. 81 ok 

benefit; ineuraBct; «ama* 
tery; free loan. . Ors. XfOl. 
Membership: 800. Maatlns*: 
1st and 8rd Saturdayi^ ^t 
809 B. B'way. Sao*/, BaxaatI 
Lary, 1686 (daj Av%, 



> i 



Biok 

benefit; insuranoa. Oi*8r* 
1888. Membership: 60. lfs«r- 
inirs: 8nd and 4th Wednes- 
days, at 16 W. 116th 88. 
Pres., Qustave Schramm, 784 
B. 16 let 8t Sec'y* & Ii0r8«. 
708 B. 188th 8t 

Tiaaka Litawirtcer BrnderiMli- 

•r 17. V. Meetinss: 1st and 
8rd Sundays, at 81 Forayth 
St Sec'y, M. Minor, 104 
McKlbben St., B'klyn. 

Vitebsk B. A. Sick benefit; 
insurance; cemetery; free 
loan. Orgr. 1900. Member- 
ship: 195. Meetingrs: 1st and 
8rd Thursdays, at 176 B. 
B'way. Pres., Israel Ostrow, 
196 Stockton St., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, Max Feldman, 014 
Simpson St, 

Ostrow, Israel, Pres. Vitebsk 
B. A. (175 B. B'way); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1879 in Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1897. Received greneral 
Jewish education. Res.: 196 
Stockton St., B'klyn. 

IValkialele Yoansr Ladles' B. 

Soc. Orgr. 1912. Member- 



elit; inBurancw. v»». 

Membership: 107. Meetlngrs: 
2nd and 4th Mondays, at 30 
B. 1st St. Pres., Mrs. Pauline 
Nltke, 1854 7th Ave. Secy. 
I. Bernstock. 129 Rlvington 

St — - 

NltlM, P«iill»«. I'reB. War- 
•ohauer Urael Ladles* Sick 
Support Soc. (30 B. ist St.). 
flince 1»16. Term 6 months. 
Born 1362 *» Russia. Came 
to U. S. 18»1. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
caUoKL Res.: 1864 7th Ave. 

W«T«M*b«aer I-«dle»' B. ». Sick 
benefit. Org. 18»7. Mem- 
bership: 100. Meetings: Ist 
and 3rd Tuesdays, at 257 B. 
HouitonBt P«^"-H^rmln6 
Rosenbaum. 240 B. 6th St. 
Sec'y.I. Kullck. 2120 Hughes 
Ave. 

Roiiemtaam, ««"«■•' ^,?": 
WaTshauer Ladles' B. S. (257 
B. Houston St.). since 1915. 
Term 6 'months. Born 1875 
in Hungary. Came to U. S. 
1890. Received high school 
education. Res.: 240 B. 6th 
St. 

iv.r.rha^er B. S. Sick bcne- 



educatioi 
St. 

Warsbawe 

benefit; 
Memberf 
Every 
328 B. 
Sam Wl 
St. Sec' 
Attorne: 
Winter* 
shawer 
Houstoi 
Term 6 
in Rus: 
1901. R 
ish edu 
Housto 

Warshmv 

Sick 

Membe 

Sunday 

Pres., 

B'way. 

790 Da 

Warahai 

benefit 
tery; 
Memb' 
1st ar 
St. M 



MI7TUAL AID AOENCUfig 



833 



I PI.), since 1916 
lonths. Born 1879 
^ Came to U. S. 
eived public school 

Furniture: 240 
Res.: 389 Rodney 
1. 

r 17. T. Sick bene- 
mce; cemetery; 

Orer. 1903. Mem- 
160. Meetings: Ist 
aturdays, at 176 E. 
Pres., Morris Me- 

1648 Washingrton 
•'y, Ellas Ushkoft 
f St. 

I I e, Morris. Pres. 
ker U. V. (176 E. 
elected 1917. Term 
B. Born 1878 in 
:ame to U. S. 1902. 

general Jewish 
. Res.: 1648 Wash- 
es. 

B, 8. Sick benefit; 
; cemetery; place 
p. Org:. 1900. Mem- 
220. Meetingrs: Ist 
Sundays, at 347 W. 
Pres., Daniel Buch- 
10th Ave. Sec'y, I. 
4 W. 40th St. 
, Daniel, Pres. West 
(347 W. 35th St.); 
H7. Term 6 months. 
87 in Roumania. 
[J. S. 1891. Received 
Tewish and secular 
Res.: 542 10th 



. Y. M. B. A. Sick 

insurance; ceme- 

JT. 1914. Member- 



ship: 36. Meetlngrs: 2nd and 
4th Tuesdays, at 98. Forsyth 
St. Pres., Max Berman, 1627 
Madison Ave. Sec'y, Isaac 
Feinbergr. 64 Tompkins Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Berman, Max, Pres. Widser 
Ind. Y. M. B. A. (98 Forsyth 
St.), since 1915. Term 6 
months. Born 1887 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1899. 
Received ereneral Jewish 
education. Painter. Res.: 
1627 Madison Ave. 

Wllkomlrer Y o v n at I^adlcs. 

Orgr. 1913. Membership: 40. 
Meetingrs: let and 3rd Tues- 
days, at 209 E. B'way. Pres., 
David Kuretzky, 122 Center 
St. Sec'y. Morris Rosen- 
stein, 324 Cherry St. 
KuretBky, David, Pres. Wil- 
komirer Toungr Ladies (209 
E. B'way), since 1916. Term 
6 months. Born 1869 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1888. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Res.: 122 Center 
St. 

Wllkomlrer Y. M. B. A. Sick 
benefit; insurance; ceme- 
tery; free loan. Orgr. 1890. 
Membership: 220. Meetingrs: 
1st and 3rd Saturdays, at 
175 E. B'way. Pres., Morris 
Prltz, 46 Henry St. Sec'y, 
Morris Rosenstein, 324 
Cherry St. 

FrItB, Morris, Pres. Wllko- 
mlrer Y. M. B. A. (175 E. 
B'way), since 1910. Term 6 
months. Born 1869 in Rus- 
Came to U. S. 1887. Re- 
ceived greneral Jewish edu- 



•>%^aa »«<.. 



u 



mud, 200 2nd Ave. Sec'y, M. 
Feldman. 230 Grand St. 
Malamod. Bamet, Pres. Wil- 



B'kl 



i;fa son Aid Soc. (161 Clinton Wolff 

St), since 1916. Term 1 bene 

^ year. Also Pres. of Oolte tery 

— Boffopolier Y. M. and Y. L. Men 

B. A. (176 B. B'way). Born 1st 
1887 In Russia. Came to U. Fori 
S, 1907. Received high Mar 
school education. Insurance: Sec': 
56 Pine St. Res.: 200 2nd 1st 

^^•- Mar 

WIsoker Maaowtetskcr Younsr ^^^ 

' FHends* B. 8. Sick benefit; ^or 

\ " . free loan. Orgr. 191B. Mem- Ter 

i — bership: 40. Meetlngrs: let *" I 

•,' and Srd Thursdays, at 106 l'^' 

.^ Forsyth St. Pres.. Max Lit- ^»*> 

efsky. 157 B. 2nd St. Sec'y, Upl 

'^ Louis Chiller, 192 Madison ^^' 
». St 

_ LItefsky, Max, Pres. Wisoker woife 

Masowietsker Y. F. (106 1^^^ 

Forsyth St.); elected 1917. ^^^ 
Term 6 months. Born 1886 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 

1913. Received greneral Jew- ^,\ 
ish education. Res.: 157 E. 
■^ 2nd St. 



Me 

Bv 



sh 
M. 



Wlfmner B. A. Sick benefit; Sn 

Insurance; cemetery; free w 



xnraAii aid aobnobs 



886 



Demetery. Org, 1914. 

Bhlp: 90. Meetlngrs: 
4th Tuesdays, at 98 
St. Pres., Mrs. Lieah 

ky, 150 Sutter Ave., 
Sec'y, Abraham 

358 Stockton St., 

kjt Mrs. I«e«h« Pres. 
8 M. A. S. of Ekat- 
V (98 Forsyth St.); 
L917. Term 6 months. 
81 In Russia. Came 
1908. Received gen- 
iwish and secular 
•n. Men's furnish- 
es.: 150 Sytter Ave., 



r T. M. Ben. Ass's. 
13. Membership: 100. 
Drtnightly at 206 E. 

Pres., Jacob Longr- 
{3 Canal St. Sec'y. 
•ook. 484 E. 164th St. 
ird, J o s c p k , Pres. 
ver Y. M. B. A. (206 
ay) ; elected 1917. 
months. Born 1874 
la. Came to U. S. 
estaurant keeper. 

Canal St 

tr 8lck B. 8. Sick 
cemetery; place of 

; free loan. Org:. 

[embership: 160. 

s: Ist and 8rd Sat- 
at 82 Clinton St. 

amuel Klmmel, 595 
St.. B'klyn. Sec'y. 

er, 65 Mott St. 

, Samnel, Pres. Yezl- 
Slck B. S. (82 Clln- 
; elected 1917. Term 



6 months. Born 1881 in 
Austria. Came to U. S. 1894. 
Received public school edu- 
cation. Furrier. Res.: 595 
Barbey St., B'klyn. 

Yompoler-Podoler 8lek B, A. 

Sick benefit; cemetery. Orgr. 
1909. Membership: 60. Meet- 
ingrs: 2nd and 4th Thursdays 
at 209 E. 2nd St. Pres., 
Pesach Sherman, 238 E. 7th 
St. Sec'y, Louis Oaklander, 
1686 Park PI., B'klyn. 

8kerman, P e s a e k« Pres. 
Yompoler-Podoler Sick B. A. 
(209 E. 2nd St.); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1866 in Russia. Came to 
U. S. 1902. Received general 
Jewish education. Res.: 288 
E. 7th St. 

YounsT Folks' AuxllUary of F. 
R. J. A. Place of worship; 
charity. Org:. 1915. Mem- 
bership: 70. Meetlngrs: Ist 
and 3rd Tuesdays, at 142 
2nd Ave. Pres., Louis Naid- 
erman, 188 Forsyth St. Sec'y. 
Sophie Solomon. 190 Ludlow 
St. 

N alderman, L o n 1 s , Pres. 
Youngr Folks' Aux. of the F. 
R. J. A. (185 Forsyth St.); 
elected 1917. Term 1 year. 
Born 1892 in R o u m a n 1 a. 
Came to U. S. 1908. Received 
greneral Jewish education. 
Res.: 188 Forsyth St. 

Yonnsr Friends' Ass'n. Sick 
benefit. Org. 1889. Mem- 
bership: 252. Meets: 1st and 
3d Tuesdays, at 107 W. 116th 
St. Pres.. Harnett Levlnson. 



" 5 B. 104th St. sec y, xnorno 

Koholowsky, 119 E. 104th St. Yobo 

f^ BelofHts, Morris, Pres. Y. M. eflt 

Cb A. S. of Harlem (62 E. 106th On 

St.); elected 1917. Term 6 Me 

^ months. Born 1885 in Rus- at 

— Bia. Came to U. S. 1899. St€ 

Received common school B. 

education. Fruit Dealer. toi 

' Res.: 6 B. 104th St. S*' 

ve 

YOiuS Men's Moses MeBdels- el< 

— Mobii B. A. Sick benefit; Be 

cemetery; relief. Orgr. 1902. to 

i Membership: 83. Meetings: er 

• — ' 2nd and 4th Mondays, at 81 Ts 

Pdrsyth St. Pres., Samuel 

'^-^ Silver, 176 Bldrldge St. Zab 

• Soc'y, A. Abramowltz, 4 St H 

— Pauls PI. ^ 

gllrer. Samuel, Pres. Young pl 

^ Men's Moses Mendelssohn O 

- B. A. (81 Forsyth St.): M 

elected 1917. Term 6 months. u 

^ Born 1882 In Roumanla. P 

Came to U. S. 1909. Re- f( 

oelved general Jewish and b 

secular •ducatlon. Sales- e 

man. Re«.: 176 Bldrldge St. t. 

Yonntf Worklnsmen's Sick g 

Valid B. S. Sick beneflt: i 

Insurance; cemetery. Org: t 

1903. M em b e r 8 h 1 p: 300 e 



JtVTOAL AID AfflENOnB 



887 



tr9% loan. Ors. 1887. Mem- 
bership: 1(N). MeeUnflTs: 2nd 
and 4th Sundays, at 73 Lud- 
low St. Pras., Hyman Cohen, 
187 Pitt St. Sec'y. Joseph 
Sobel. 8018 Bryant Ave.. 
B'klyn. 

C}9kca» Hyauui* Pres. 2Sakro- 
tchlner B. S. (78 Ludlow 
St.); elscted 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1865 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. 8. 1882. 
Recslyed general Jewish 
and secular education. Res. : 
187 Pitt St. 

Saleseyscr K. U. T. (F. G. B. 

J. A.) Sick benefit; Org:. 
1896. Membership: 175. 
Meetings: Ist and 8rd Wed- 
nesdays, at 223 E. 2nd St. 
Pres.. R Schoenholts, 1636 
Washington Ave. Sec'y, J. 
Bsnech, 838 E. 4th St. 
S«k««Bkolta. B., Pres. Zalez- 
cyzer K. U. V. (228 E. 2nd 
St.); elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1874 In Aus- 
tria. C^me to U. S. 1904. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Tinsmith. Res. : 
1886 Washington Ave. 



Proff. T. M. B. A. 
8l€k beneflt; insurance; 
esmetery. Org:. 1906. Mem- 
bership: 180. Meetings: 2nd 
and 4th Fridays, at 80 Clin- 
ton St. Pres.. Isidore Schatz- 
22 St. Marks PI. 
I'y, P. EUt^ckman. 103 Ave. 



ler. laldore. Pres. 
Zamescher Progr. Y. M. B. A. 
(82 Clinton St.) ; elected 1917. 
Term 6 montha Born 18 8X 



in Russia. Came to U» 8. 
1905. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 22 St. 
Marks PI. 

Zamishtcr Ind. Sick and B; S. 

Sick beneflt; insurance; 
cemetery. Orgr. 1904. Mem- 
bership: 60. Meetin]^: 1st 
and 8rd Sundays, at 8 Ave. 
D. Pres., Jacob Freiman, 84 
Columbia St. Sec'y. Sam 
Orllnsky, 134 Pitt St. 
Freiman. Jacobt Pres. First 
Zamishter Ind. Sick and B. 
A. (8 Ave. D.); elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1881 
' in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1908. Received greneral edu- 
cation. Res.: 84 Columbia 
St. 

Zaromber Proflr* Yonnsr 
Friends' B. A. Sick beneflt; 
insurance; cemetery. Orgr-: 
1913. Membership: 135. 
Meetingrs: 1st and Srd Mon- 
days, at 206 B. B'way. Pres.. 
David Cohen, 97 S. 8th St.. 
B'klyn. Sec'y, H. Stufflnsky. 
8774 20th Ave., B'klyn. 

Cohen, David. Pres. Zarom- 
ber Progr. T. F. B. A; (206 B. 
B'way) ; elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1888 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1905. 
Received education in eve- 
ning: school. Res.: 97 8. 8th 
St., B'klyn. 

Zekefker-Podoler K. U. V. 

Cemetery. Org. 1916. Mem- 
bership: 53. Meetings: 2nd 
and 4th Mondays, at 209 B. 
2nd St. Pres., Samuel Pol- 
lack. 5918 New Utrecht Ave.. 



1862 in Russia. Came to U. 
— - a. 1887. Received general 

Jewish education. Tailor. 
R: Res.: 5918 New Utrecht Ave.. 

Ch B'klyn. 

• ZelTer B. 9. Cemetery. Org. 

Itll. Membership: 50. Meet- 

— Ings: Ist and 3rd Saturdays. xi. 

at 79 Forsyth SL Pres., 
Philip Lazaroff, 3909 3rd 

— Ave. Sec'y. L. Ldpshitx. 1090 i 

Simpson St. i 

Laaarofl, Philip, Pres. Zel- 1 

ver B. S. (79 Forsyth St.); 1 

elected 1917. Term 6 months. I 

— Born 1868 in Russia. Came I 

to U. S. 1900. Received gren- I 

__ eral Jewish and secular edu- a 

cation. Res.: 3909 3rd Ave. I 

t 
-^ Zvl#raer Bea. Soc. Sick bene- ^ 

fit; insurance; cemetery; i 
^ free loan. Membership: 100. 

Meetlngr*: l>t and 3rd Tues- 
days, at 14 W. 114th St. *«• 
Pres.. I. Harris, 29 W. 112th ^ 
St. Sec'y/ J. Fetbrandt. 1431 
5th Ave. 1' 
Harris, Isidore, Pres. Zgrler- ^ 
xer B. A. (14 W. 114th St.). " 
since 1916. Term 1 year. ^ 
Born 1866 in Russia. Came ^^ 
*^ to U. S. 1892. R<»r<Ivorl pron- ^' 



fl 



ICUTUAL AID AOEKCIBB 



8|9 



m. Rm.: 18S6 Wash- 
Ave. 

Ladlea^ Bern. Soc 

Sick benefit; ceme- 
Blief for members. 
)6. Membership: 180. 
s: 1st and 3rd Tues- 
t 77 Delancey St. 
irs. Rachel Gtoldbergr* 
id St. Sec'y, Mrs. M. 
tr, 221 B. B'way. 
m* Mrs. Raehel* Pres. 
er Ladles' B. S. (77 
y St.), since 1016. 

months. Born 1860 
sia. Came to U. S. 
iceived greneral Jew- 
cation. Res.: 89 E. 



• K. U. T. Sick bene- 
etery; place of wor- 
Drgr. 1897. Member- 
's. Meetingrs: Every 
iturday, at 328 E. 
1 St. Pres., Meyer 
749 E. 3rd St. Sec'y. 
Swlckel. 172 Norfolk 

Meyer, Pres. Zloc- 
C. U. V. (328 B. Hous- 
K since 1908. Term 
ths. Born 1877 In 

Came to U. S. 1892. 
d general Jewish 
3n. (^rpenter. Res.: 
trd St. 

r Y. M. Ass>B. Sick 
cemetery; free loan. 
02. Membership: 76. 
rs: 2nd and 4th Sun- 
; 88 Forsyth St. Pres., 
jubofi^, 628 Cleveland 
ilyn. Sec'y. Joseph 



Frankle, 1778 Park PI., 

B'klyn. 

liVboir, IjoiiIs, Pres. T. M. A. 

(83 Forsyth St.), since 1916. 

Term 6 months. Born 1881 

in Russia.- Came to U. S. 

1902. Received general Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
Salesman. Res.: 628 Clsve- 
land St.. B'klyn. 

Zmcremkar Y. M. B. A. Ceme- 
tery. Orer. 1917. Member- 
ship: 20. Meetings: 1st and 
8rd Saturdays, at 193 B. 2nd 
St. Pres., Hyman Rechlis. 
195 B. 2nd St. Sec'y, Jacob 
Meisel. 193 Stockton ^t., 
B'klyn. 

Recklls, Hymaa, Pr«s. 
Zmerenkar Y. M. B. A. (193 
E. 2nd St.); elected 1917". 
Term 6 months. Born 1888 
in Russia. Came to U. 8. 

1903. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 196 B. 
2nd St. 

Z^ror Hachalm Constantiaople 
(F. O. J. A.) Sick benefit; 
cemetery. Org. 1914. Mem- 
bership: 35. Meets every 
month at 173 Eldridgre St. 
Pres., N. Eskenazl, 1847 
Prospect Ave. Sec'y, M. 
Gueron. 173 Eldridge St. 

Zwleneirroder See. Sick bene- 
fit; Insurance; cemetery. 
Org:. 1906. Membership: 100. 
Meetings: 1st and 3rd Sun- 
days, at 206 E. B'way. Pres., 
Hyman Chudnofr, 100 E. 2nd 
St. Sec'y, Isldor Silver, 162 
Broome St. 
Chadaoff, Hyman, Pres. 



Abe GlABerman Society, meets 
at 125 Rivingrton St. 1st and 
3rd Tuesdays. 

Adjvtona Bnkariater Work 
tasmen 9. B. A. (F. R. J. A.), 

meets at 66 E. 4 th St. 2nd 
and 4th Saturdays. Pres., 
H. Moakowlts, 79 Rivingrton 
St. 

Adolpk Fortsans lad. Lodvr. 

220 B. 16th St. 

Almatlboveli Y. M. B. A^ 

meets at 80-82 Clinton St. 
'lat and 8rd Sundays. 

Alfred BeaJamlB 8. B. 9. (F. R. 
P. H. A.), meets at 79 For- 
syth St. 8nd and 4th Wed- 
nesdays. Sec'y, A. Harris, 
404 Pulaski St.. B'klyn. 

Alpka Lodfce, meets at 69 St. 
Marks PI. 

Amerlcaa Hebrew A. 9t mc^ets 
at 1943 Madison Ave. 2nd 
and 4th Thursdays. 

* • -» «.« — _*_*^ .-.■..., » ^. 



Arbelter I 

E. Houf 
Monday 

Architect 

E. 58th- 
nesdaya 

Atlas Re 

at 205 ] 

Anerbach 
9ociety 

Anstrlaa- 
Y. L., r 

ton St. 

Baeeater. 

St. 

BaraBov« 

Ave. E 
days. 

Baraett 

E. Hoi 
Saturd 

Benearal! 
o.), m« 

2nd i 



•■ ■- " D.l.„.„ 












Tuesdays. 

DaU 

^ Ch^mowltse PolUh Aid Ami*n., E. 

, In meets at 57 St. Marks PI. PI 
5 Ch 

i j^ Ckfrnlaower Brotherlr V* V^ Davl 

I meets at 83 Forsyth St. A. 

I ^res., A. Karlschaner. Pr 

U CkitmA B'nal Jadak, meets at 

r^ — ' il82 Broome St. I>eb< 

^ mi 



J 
* 



CliSMroTer Y. M^ meets at 209 
ii. 2nd St. 2nd and 4th Tues- 
days. 



Ckmelaleker Yonay Frleada, 2n 

meets at 151 Clinton St. 1st 

and 8rd Fridays. Der< 

Jf— 12 

<« Chmdroirer B. A., meets 209 E. ^^ 

2nd I 



'^ 2nd St. 1st and 3rd Tues- t 



Deal 

m< 
Is 



Dr. 

at 

8r 
Chaaldel Tflsalts (F.G.B,J»A.). 

meets at 149 Attorney St. 1st Dml 

a^nd 3rd Sundays. ^3 

CliotlBier Beaa. L. S. aa^d B. S.. Baal 

ineets at 193 E. 2nd St. 2nd m< 



jomrAip Am Asaofoom 



^• clctf ," meets at 
th 8t 2nd and 4th 



J. T» (W* B. P» H. 

at 80 Pitt SL tod 

mdays. Pres., H. 

B. f th St. Bec'y, 

u 821 B. 100th St. 

IT. ▼•• meets at 
a St. 1st and 8rd 



1 Beker K. U. V^ 

45 Suffolk St. 1st 
idays. 



cor. Allen Sts. 1st and |rd 
Saturdays. Sec'y, -H. 
Sch warts. 1948 Douglas St., 
B'klyn. 



IHrokoby- 

iets at 145 Suffolk 
kd 4th Tuesdays. 

itlmer K. U. V., 

59 Rivlnffton St. 

[Ikallaccr J. B. A. 
. A.), meets at 214 

2nd and 4th Sat- 
ea, P. Hlrshhorn, 
:ie St. Sec'y. H. 

B. 4th St. 

rmaaer K. U. V., 

193 E. 8nd St. Ist 
aturdays. 

laoker K. U. V., 

4 B. 4th St. Sec'y. 
eln» 182 B. 2nd St. 

saker Srvnlower 

. A.), meets at 125 
St. Ist and 8rd 
Pres., J. Lamp- 
ivinffton St. 

T Bess. Lodve (F. 
isets at Houston 



Brste Sassover K. IT. ▼. {9. G. 

B. J. A.), meets at 86 Attor- 
ney St. Ipt and Srd Satur- 
days. Pres., a Kandel,* l97 
RlTlhffton St 

Brste SvlsoTcs K« U* T.t mf tttS 
at 90-96 Clinton St. 1st and 
Srd Wednesdays. 

Brste Yavarower Mu U* ▼« 

meets at 168 Attorney St 
2nd Sunday. 

Bareka Macklalsts. meets at 
151 Clinton St 1st and 8rd 
Mondays. 

PIrst AltstAter V., meets at 
214 E. 2nd St 1st and 8rd 
Mondays. 

First Boleckovrer 8. B. A.» 77 

Delancey St. 



First Doroboler Roi 

<A. U. R. J.)« meets at 257 
E. Houston St. 

First Belmer Boakaralya B. A«t 

meets at 167 Ludlow St 
Pres., M. Schneider, 167 
Ludlow St. 

First iDd. Kaasawer Lodve <F. 
G. B. J. A.), meets at 17 
Ave. A. 2nd and 4th Satur- 
days. Pres.. H. Wohl, 148 
B. 110th St 



First Ind. Salrosnltaer B. K. 
j^, U. V. (F. G. B. J. A.), meets 

In at 57 St. Marks Place, l^t 

Ch and Srd Sundays. 

I 

t^rwt Jndecker B. A., meets at 

121 Rlvlnffton St. Ist and 

Srd Mondays. 

-^ First Kantahns^r K. U. V., 

meets at 319 Rlvingrton St. 

FIrat Ltpkaner- I^odflre (F. B. 

O.). meets at 273 E. 2nd St 
— - 2nd and *4th Wednesdays 

Sec'y, M. F e 1 d m a n , 941 
. Simpson St 

Flrat Lnaker B. A., meets at 
173 B. B'way, 1st and Srd 
Sundays. 

Flrat ManhllkoTer Brother Aid 
- Socn meets at 206 E. B'way 

2nd and 4th Sundays. Pres.. 
Im Glaur. 1361 Prospect Ave. 
Sec'y. K Haur, 284 E. 68rd 
St 



1CDVB4L Aip.ACBNOBl 



n T. M. B. ^ me^ta 
Attorney St. 2nd and 
?hursdays. Pres.. M. 
ir. 

laer Tovb« V**11u^ B. 

eeta at 79. Foray th St. 
Fh. Monkonsky. 

kccT M. A. 8^ meets at 
. Houston 8t. 1st and 
rldays. 

• Relief, meets at 79-81 
th St 1st and 8rd 
daya 

trker B. 8t meets at 85 

[ St. 2hd and 4th,Suii- 



HoloMker #octoty». meets at |06 
B. B'way 2nd and 4th Wed* 
nesdays. 



*, 



Blaeksliavai .Society, 

at 155 B. SiBth St. 
ay afternoon. 

Kvrlaadev Vodg^, 

at 100 W. . 116th St. 
nd 4th Wednesdays. 

ProteetlTe Asa^a, 

at 44 W. 114th St. 

Slek B. A^ meets at 75 
th St. Sundays. 



I. Sadeca U. V., meets 
Forsyth St. Pres., M. 
ch. 

B« 8., meets at 107 W. 
St. 1st and Srd Thurs- 



ICBjaaita, meets at 79- 
rsyth St. 2nd and 4th 
»0days. . 



Hiwodlstekekev Lo^^c^ meets 
at 80-82 Clinton St 1st and 
Srd Mondays: 

HaasraHaB Caatp. meets at 107 
E. 67th St 

HashatlTer Ladtes^ B. A^ 

meets at 125 Rlvinffton St. 
1st and Srd Sundays. 

Ivaaaaer Verela, meets at 206 
B. B'way 1st 9^^6. Srd Sun- 
days. 

lad. Anstrlaa Brotkere^ At 

meets at 121 Jllvlnffton St 
every Tuesday. 

lad. Belebalower Y. M..B. A^ 

meets at 67 St Mar^s PI. 

lad. Fortsaas Liod«re (F. G. B. 
J. A.)f meets at 310 Lenox 
Ave. 1st and Srd Tuesdays. 

Ind. Glaater A., 107 W. 116th 
Street. 

Ind. GaMtlaer, meets at 98 
Forsyth St 

lad. KahlMker K. U. V. (F. G. 

B. J. A.>. meets at 126 Rlv- 
ingrton St. 1st and Srd Sun- 
days. Pres., M. Demmer, 
389 B. 6th St 

'lad. Kamlaetser Pf^doller* tlO 

E. Houston St 

Ind. KInker A. S., meets at 
107 W. 116th St 1st and Srd 
Saturdays. 



Saturdays. 
Rt Ind. Platre Ladlen* Sick B. S. 



In 
Ch 



(F. R. J. A.)» meets at 106 
Forsyth St. 1st and 3rd 
Wednesdays. Pres., I. Kar- 
man, 1146 Intervale Ave. 
Sec'y, Tilly Welnberpr. 180*4 
Washingrton Ave. 

lad. Radomer Ladlen, meets at 
62 E. 106th St. Ist and Srd 
Mondays. 

lad. Ronmanlaa Y. M. B. Am 

meets at 232 Broome St. 

Ind. ffeolleller V., meets at 257 
E. Houston St. 1st and Srd 
Mondays. 

Ind. Yaroner A., meets at 28 
Ave. A. lat and Srd Sundays. 

Itttemntlonal K. IT. v., meets 
107 W. 116th St. 2nd and 4th 
Tuesdays. 

Isaac Elchanon Ind. B. A., 

meets at 155 E. 58th St. 2nd 
and 4th Sundays. 



XUTOAIi AID AOKKaiEB 



847 



»r FHeadi^ A^ meets at 
. Houston St. 1st and 
ridays. 



IjanoTltaer B. 8.t meets at 198 
E. 2nd St. 2nd and '4 th 
Thursdays. 



»rod Podoler A. An 

at 67 Clinton St. 2nd 
th Sundays. 

»irer B. A*, meets at 
. B'way. Pres., Rev. 
e. 

Kerens, meets at 257 
uston St. every Tues- 
nd Thursday. 

Fereiieay L. S. B. A., 

86th St. 



Lasalla U. V., meets at 86 At- 
torney St. 2nd and 4th Sun- 
days. 

Xenover LaclilioTer, meets at 
90-96 Clinton St. 2nd and 
4th Sundays. 

Ldberty Lod^e, meets at 207 B 
67th St. 

Lleder Brnder, meets at 79-81 
Forsyth St. 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays. 



Rebecca Lodflrc, meets 
E. 67th St. 

• Verdn, meets at 98 
th St. 

rementnbnrirer B. A., 

at 79 Forsyth St. 
L*. Brendon. 

ler, meets at 98 For- 
5t. 

ler Yoanir M. M. A. S.. 

at 1943 Madison Ave. 
id 3rd Wednesdays. 

Aazlllary, meets at 
. 2nd St. 2nd and 4th 
ssdays. 

Mlhlcncr Vcrein, 

at 169 E. Houston St. 

rr Y. M. B. A., meets 
E. B'way, 2nd and 4th 
lays. 



Llnskcr Blknr C'hollm (F. O. 
B. J. A.)t meets at 88 Colum- 
bia St. 2nd and 4th Satur- 
days. Pres., W. Goldbaum. 
80 Wlllett St. 

Llttasslr Y. M., meets at 257 
E. Houston St. 1st and 3rd 
Thursdays. 

Rodphel Zedck Anshel Balho- 
vltser, meets at 49 Sheriff 
St. Pres., L. Davidbelk. 82- 

84 Sheriff St 

Lodmer Y. F. B. A^ meets at 
209 E. 2nd St. 1st and 3rd 
Fridays.. 

Lodser Y. F.. meets at 209 E. 
2nd St. 2nd and 4th Fridays. 

LodKcr Y. M. B. A., meets at 
209 E. 2nd St. 1st Fridays. 

LodJEer Y. M. B. A., meets at 

85 E. 4th St. Ist and 3rd 
Mondays. 



COMMUHAL 



LoBier Ladl»tf Bovtttr, mcela 
at 106 B. B'w*}', lad And ttb 
ijBturday*. 

LoiBBpr Yaceud, meeta at 106 
E. B'way, Ind and 4tb Tuea- 

l.ob. Bvilna sey. Ssr.. tneeti 
Hi. i:S Rlvlngton St. 1st and 

3rd Tuesday a 



at SI Foraytb St. 
trd Saturdaya. Fi 
Qoodtnan. Ail B. Gib 

HIchltsrr K. V. V. (P. 
A.), meets at II Av* 
and fth Saturdays. 

Hlnale M. FwtHmmm 
K. V. V. (P. R. J. A. 

at S) Forsyth SL 1st 
Tuesdays. Pres., Ol 
ram owl tx. litl Ind 
9«c'y, M. Parsmlt, 
105th St. 




MUTOAL AID AOSNOnS 



8tt 



YovttK F r 1 e ■ d a • 

: 257 E. Houston St. 
4 th Fridays. 



Geiieral 
. G. B. J, A.)» meets 
ewis St. 2nd and 4th 



«liatt VerelB, (F. R. 

.)» meets at 27 W. 
:. Ist and 3rd Fri- 
res., Chas. Ruhman. 
ard St. Sec'y., J. 
571 Fulton Ave. 



New York Slstern^ and Broth- 
era^ Society, meets at 8-10 
Ave. D, 2nd and 4th Wed- 
nesdays. 

Noah Beiievoloiit Aaa^» meets 
at 1943 Madison Ave. 1st 
and 3rd Sundays. 

Norovler Society, meets at 155 
Ave. C. every Saturday. 

Novlaclltscr Y. M. and Y. L. B^ 

A., meets at 209 E. 2nd St. 
1st and 3rd BYidays. 



ally Aai^^ meets at 
116th St. 2nd Sun- 



>• meets at 69 St. 



1. 



Novomrod Wollncr B. A.. 

meets at 151 Clinton St. 1st 
and 8rd Tuesdays. Pres., A. 
Goldman, 109 St. Marks PI. 
c/o Schwartz. Sec'y. S. 
Fishman. 253 E. 2nd St. 



■1 EL BI. B., meets at 
16th St. 2nd and 4th 
lays. 

i Ladlea' Society. 

t 155 E. 58th St. 2nd 
Sundays. 

rogr. B. A^ meets at 
Jnd St. every Tues 
rnoon. 

er Bcii. Aaa^n. Pres.. 
lonowits. 53 7th Ave. 

r Beii. 8oc.» meets at 
th St. 2nd and 4th 

, meets at 98 For- 



NovonelltBcr Beaa. V e r e 1 n , 

meets at 214 E. 9th St. 1st 
and 3rd Wednesdays. Sec'y.. 
D. Donafer, 209 E. 10th St. 

Odesna. meets at 98 Forsyth 
St. 

OcatrHcher CSallelan Lodve, 

meets at 87 Rldgre St. 

Ohcb Sholom l^odire <P. B, G. 

J. A.), meets at 86 Attorney 
St. 2nd and 4th Sundays. 

■ft 

Omlner L»adle», meets at 56 
Orchard St. 2nd and 4th 
Tuesdays. 

Onlkaty BencTolent Aaa'n., 

moet.s at 175 E. B'way. 



lad. B. A., meets at 
Carks PI. 



Jankowltser Lodnre, (F. G. B. 
J. A.), meets at 257 E. Hous- 



^^H^l^l^^^i 




8S0 00HHUNAI4 


KKOIBTBE ^^ 


too at ind and 4th Satur- 
days. Sec'r., ». near. ISB 
Ludlow. 


PUUwer VrtHm. mettM a 
a. and Bt. 1« and 
Thursdays. 


OrleBtal BcncTolent Sorlftr. 

m«eLg at BS W. lllth 3t. 


PUko Irfidcc. meets at H 
STth SL 


Oakmcr VnvlH. meets at ^8 
Ave. A. Ind and 4lb Sun- 
day.. 


PlotalucBaptaw B. A. st 

at tO> B. iDd St. 1st anil 
Fridays. 


mcieta at 3S Monlgomery St. 
2nd and Hh Wednesdays. 


riDtsker v. W» meets »1 
B. and St 1st and Ird Ti 
days. 


0-tn«r«r V. M. B, A., meets 
at 80 Clinton St. Ind and 
4th Baturdaya. 


B'way, and and 4ttl »■ 



Ludlow St. 



PfHlhallr Ind. K, r. V. 
B. J. A.), meets at 1 
folk St, Znd and *i 
days. Prea., M. Well 
Norfolk St. 



MUTUAL AID AOS^OIBS 



851 



T. M. •■« Y. L. 

B. A^ meeU at 14f Suffolk 
St. 2nd and 4tli Fridays. 

PuirtaTer Bro«^ meets at 98 
Forsyth St. 



Rodsteer Volliier, 

106 Forsyth St. 



meets at 



Am^s^ meets at 100 
W. 116th St. 2nd and 4th 
Tuesdays. 

Bailaeher Society, meets at 
100 W. 116th St. 8rd Sun- 
daya 



T. M. B. A.» meets at 
76 B. 116th St. Fridays. 

Bsiswlta Bes. Iiadles. meets 
&t 257 R Houston St. Ist 
tnd Srd Tuesdays. 



ra Ladtefl^ Bea Soe., 

meets at 125 Rlvln^ton St. 
Snd tnd 4th Sundays. 

^^^ttaer Bes. Soe^ meets at 
SS( B. 2nd St. 2nd and 4th 
Tuetdaya 

■Afadater Bmu Ass^b^ meets 
«t 62 B. 106th St. 1st and 
Ird Sundays. 

*esecsa K#tler XJ» F* I* Mm 
meets at 80 Clinton St. 2nd 
tnd 4th Tuesdays. 



Hem's Bea. Asa'n. 

Sec'y., Abe Kirschner. 
184 Ludlow St. 



abia Y. M. 

aeata at 218 B. 2nd St. Ist 
and Srd Thursdasrs. 



Roamaalaa Gemllatb Cbeeed 
Verela, (F. R. J. A.), meets 
at 28 Forsyth St. Pres., 
Jacob Takl. 



Roamanlaa Hebrew Aid, 44 B. 

7th St. 

RovDer Orv. of Band, meets at 
90-96 Clinton St. every Fri- 
day. 



Royal Bern. Aae^.» meets at 
88-86 Forsyth St. Pres., 
Hyman Iieibovits. 

Rabe«bower K. U. V. (F. R. 

P. H. A.), meets at 82 Clin- 
ton St. 2nd and 4th Satur- 
days. Sec'y., R. Kreitzer. 

Rndenker K. U. V. (F. G. B. 
J. A.), meets at 120 Colum- 
bia St. Ist and Srd Satur- 
days. 

Roplnor Y. M., meets at 214 
E. 2nd St. 2nd and 4th Sun- 
days. 

Rnrva Raska, (F. G. B. J. A.)» 

meets at 65 Columbia St. 
2nd and 4th Saturdays. 
Pres., J. Abel 136 Attorney 
St. 

RyntaloTe Y. M^ meets at 209 
E. 2nd St. 1st and Srd Mon- 
days. 

.SacrachlD^r B. S. (F. R. P. H. 
A.)* meets at 73 Ludlow St. 
2nd and 4th Sundays. Sec'y- 
Jos. Sobel. 2013 Bryant Ave. 



COltMDNAL RBOIBISB 



at 214 E. 
Sundays. 

173 E. B'wa 
Sundays. 

.SckUlowFr tmi 

PoPHyth St. 



SfapslU K. IT. V, niMU 
98 Cllnmii SI, Ind • 
Returdaya. 



soeiFty B'bci 'S>l«a. ma 
1943 Hadleon Ave. la 
4th Sundays. 

Saclptr AkavBtk Elnelk. 



Blakrr B, A., iV. H. P. H. 

meets at 100 Essei Si. 
nnd ICti Sundays, Sec'y.. 




MUTUAL AID AOENCHn 



888 



eeta at 79-Sl Por- 
tnd and 4th Satur- 



TlnmacBer B. A., meets at 67 
Clinton St. 3nd and 4tb Sun- 
days. 



ee. <A. U. R. J.), 

. Blumenfleld, 165 
3t. 

Y. H., meets at 8 
2nd and 4Ui Tues- 



Y. M. IC U. V. (P. 
A.)» meets at 98 
St. 2nd and 4th 
I. Pres., L. Dla- 
> Riverdale Ave.. 
;«c'y., S. Lenlne. 63 
Ave. 

k". M. B. A., meets 
E. B'way. Pres., 
Itt. 

A., meets at 121 
I St. 2nd and 4th 
s. 

Dr. Bmniuitein 
\ B. 0.)t meets at 
>u8tpn St. Ist and 
rdays. Sec'y., S. 
51 Bathgate Ave. 

!*roir., meets at 62 
It. Ist and Srd Sun- 



Tomoapoler, meets at'9t For- 
syth St. 

Trene Schweirter K. U. ▼. 

meets at 257 B. Houston St 
2nd and 4th Sundays. 

True Sistem of Harlent, meets 
at 62 E. 106th St. 2nd and 
4 th Sundays. 

Tuchower Y. M., meets at 8-10 
Ave. D, every Sunday. 

United America, meets at 267 
E. Houston St. 2nd and 4th 
Mondays. 

United Brobnsner Y. M. B. A^ 

meets at 209 E. 2nd St. Ist 
and Srd Thursdays. 

United Printers' B. A., meets 
at 209 E. B'way. 

United Brothers' Ass'n.* meets 
at 125 Rivlngrton St. 1st and 
3rd Wednesdays. 

United Sinters* Lodsef meets 
at 151 Clinton St. 2nd and 
4th Wednesdays. 



'ereln, meets at 86 
St. 1st and Srd 



U. S. Verein of N. Y., meets 
at 121 Rivingrton St. 2nd and 
4th Saturdays. 



Ladles^ Sick and 

ets at 19S E. 2nr1 
d Srd Sundays 



United \%^llner Ladles' B. A^ 

meets at 79-81 Forsyth St. 
Pres.. Mrs. Leher, 1831 In- 
tervale Ave. 



COMMUNAL 



DallCM aacletTt meela 

RtvlDBton 8t. iBl I 

Tuesdays. 



t lOJ E. 6TtU 8 



ITader Ididlfs, c 



I and 3ri] Weiliii 



!IB at l| 



WeBSTBTCrr K, 
r. II. A.), meclB 
Bcx St. and and 4tb 
See'y., M. Mlnow. It 
Klbben Bt.. Bklyn. 

WI«rMka>er B. 9.. IP.V 
A.). ineel> si lUU ff, 
SI, Jrd TueadayB. Pe 
Lane. SO Bleetker SU 
S. J&cob, 1I1G WuV 



IValklolcrvr 

ZOl E, B' 



Kraka.uer. lOlG Lon 



mnroAL aid agsnoibs 



> m^etB at 267 B. Hous- 
It. 2nd and 4th Thurs- 



Zenaerer B. A. Ii 

83 Forsyth St. 
Ooldman. 



i4^ meats as 
Prea., Alex 



rer Ordlaaaky B, 9., 

I at 237 Rlyinffton St. 
, Nathan Kupferber^. 

• 

loaer B. A.* meets at 85 
h St. 1st and Srd Mon- 



»Ter Society* meets at 
S. B'way, 2nd and 4 th 

m Ladles* meets at 257 
ouston St. 2nd and 4th 
lays. 



Zylerser Ladles' B. A. (F. W^ 

J. A.), meets at 10-12 W. 
114th St. 2nd and 4th Tues- 
days. Sec*y., S. Okaner, 16 
E. 109th St. 

ZlelaehoTer Pros. Ass^b., 
meets at 67 Clinton St. 1st 
and Srd Thursdays. 

Zlotaover PraveB, meets at 
257 E. Houston St. 



Kb^^HH^I^H 


1 

M6 


d 


U8T OF MVTCAIv AID 


SOCIB'nBS IN RROOKL1 


AND 


QUEENS 


A. Oaahaver B. A. Sick bent 


berahip; 118. Meellnirj 


at: InBuriLnce: cemetery 


anil tth MonilayH at 18 . 


Or(r. I90G. Meml).rahlp: 1!6 


ballan Ave. Prea., J 


Uecllnes; Isl and Srd Satur 


Solomon, SflO Floyd 


days, at 18«1 Pitkin Ave 


B'klyn- Secy. Samiit^l F 


Pres., Ellas Oootnlck. El 


9D3 DeKalb Ave.. B-fclyi 


Blake ATe. B'klj-n. Sec'y 




William ElU. 66Z Hopkin 


Blal.>9U.k.T Br.idcn!cl..^ 


»on Ave, B'klyn. 


V. No. 1 of B'klyn (IP ! 


GootBiek, Bllai. Pres. A 


uatian Ave), ilno 


D&ahaver B. A. (ISSl Pllkl 


Term: < Rionttia. Born 


Ave.) altice 1»14. Also Pre* 


In HuasU. Cams W I 


of B'klyn Shochetlm A«b'b 


1900. Received kbab'^ 




cat Ian. uryr. »hou. 1 



"WOttj 



"■«■•. 1Mb ''^ to.,;. 



•«»oa. 



as? 



^WJ" aH* "^ P»^» 
^ Born Tg,; ^'"TM: « 



■'»"• 1.13. T„' ?» *'•). 









la 



ja««9biii|^«; Ana «ina «in jaun- nr« 

days, at 143 McKibben St. insi 

Pres.. Herman Kats. 701 De 190 

Kalb Ave., B'klyn. Seo^y, Me< 

Cb Abraham Slonim, 63 Varet at 

St., B'klyn. Pre 

Kata» Herman, Pres. First '^^ 

Berdicheyer Ladies' Soc. of S®c 

B'klyn (148 McKibben St.), *77 

elected 1917. Term 6 monthn. ^^ 

Born 1866 in Hunjrary. Re ^r 

ceived general Jewish edu- ^ ^ 

cation. Chemist. Res.: 701 -A.v< 

De Kalb Ave., B'klyn. rao' 

sia. 

Flnt Coney Island Sick and ^®< 

Benefit Soc. Sick benefit. ^^^ 

Membership: 50. Meetingrs. ^^^ 

1st and 8rd Wednesdays, at bm--* 

Oceanic Walk and Bowery, ^.| 

C. I., Bwklyn. Pres., Leo- ^ 

pold Freedman, 2508 Mer- . 

maid Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, . 

Max Stern, 2952 W. 22nd ^° 

St.. Bklyn. Yet 

Flrat Hosterpoller. Sick bene- ^ 

fit; insurance; cemetery; . 

free loan. Orjr. 1910. Mem- _-^ 

bership: 70. Meetings: 2nd -. . 

and 4th Mondays, at 125 , 

... .. . . iair< 



ICUTUAL AID AOENOIBS 



1909. Member- 
tetlnffi: Snd and 
■, at 5S6 Sutter 
Max Tanchuok, 
Aye., B'klyn. 
I Kaufman, S90 
., B'klyn. 
imjL, Pr«B. First 
L B. A. of B. N. 
ir Ave.) ; elected 
S months. Born 
lia. Came to U. 
Bceived general 
ication. Monu- 
8.: 61S Sutter 



t. A. Sick bene- 
ce; free loan, 
lemberehip: 100. 
very 2nd Satur- 
tone Ave. Pres., 
, 135 Amboy St.. 
c'y, Joseph 
Saratoga Ave., 

m Pres. Qrlver 
400 Stone Ave.), 
Term 6 months. 
1 Russia. Came 
. Received gren- 
education. Res.: 
St., B'klyn. 

w^ Aid Society of 

Aid for the sick 
)rgr. 1901. Mem- 
•. Meetingrs: Ist 
at 108 Noble St. 
Ha Levy, 1006 
Ave., B'klyn. 
Brody, 650 Man- 
. B'klyn. 

Ila, Pres. Heb. 

Soc. of Qreen- 

Moble St), sJnQ© 



1916. Term 1 year. Bom 
1872 in U. &. Received pub- 
lic school education. Res.: 
1006 Manhattan Ave.. B'klyn. 



Hebrew RovmaalaA Soe. of BL 

N, T, Sick benefit; ceme- 
tery; insurance; free loan. 
Org. 1908. Membership: 100. 
Meetings: 2nd and '4'th Sun- 
days, at 400 Stone Ave., 
B'klyn. Free., Jacob W. 
Rosenthal, 226 Qlenmore 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, Israel 
Fuohs, 830 Snediker Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Rosentbal, Jacob IV^ Pres. 
Hebrew Roumanian Society 
of E. N. Y. (400 Stone Ave.), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1871 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1894. Received firen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
226 Qlenmore Ave., B'klyn. 

Howard Frlenda' Leavve Inc., 

Sick b e n e fi t. cemetery. 
Orgranized 1917. Member- 
ship 110. Meets 2nd Thurs- 
days at 426 Hopkinson Ave., 
B'klyn. Pres., Myron Wis- 
off, 1470 St. Marks Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, David Shap- 
iro, 1734 Park PL, B'klyn. 

Wlsoir, Myroii, Pres. How- 
ard Friends' Leagrue, Inc., 
426 Hopkinson Ave., B'klyn. 
elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1892 In U. S. 
Received general education. 
Lawyer: 271 B'way. Res.: 
1470 St. Marks Ave., B'klyn. 

Ida Strauns Ladles B 1 k v r 
Chollm Society of B'klyM. 

Orgr- 1912. Membership: 800. 



)60 COUHaNAL 

Hs«tlnsi: laat Saturday of 
month at IG Manhattan Ave. 
Pres,. -Benjamin Miller. 106 
Manhattan Ave.. B'klyn. 
Seo'y, P. Cohen, 223 Stockton 
SI,, B-klyn. 



IB, Pre 



Ida 



(26B Dumont Ave.): i 
1B11. Term 6 months. 
ISIZ In Russia. Csne 
a ISIO. Received B- 
JewlBh education, B( 
Pitt Bt. 



StraUHH L,ailles' 

C h o 1 1 m (lOfi Manhattan 

year^ Born 1S5S In Russia. 
Came to U. S, 1893, Received 
general Jewlali education. 
Cottons: 173 B'wa 
106 Manhattan Avt 

lad. KeldenvTvp V. V. of 

B'klj-ii. Sick benefit: ccmi- 
tery; place ot worship: free 
Org, 1903. Member- 
zoo, Mcota at 40n 



Rei.: 

- B'klyn. 



KIbben St. 



li Gn 



Ave.. B'klra. Setfy. 
Blum, 40 Moore St. B 
Blebcnkanm, David J., 

Ind, VVebater Ladir^a' 
11-13 McKlbben SI I. 




XUTUAIi AID AGBNCIBS 



861 



■» Pre 8. 
an Workinmen'B B. 
1 Pitkin Ave.)* since 
'erm 6 months. Born 
I Russia. Received 

Jewish education. 

Res.: 361 Christo- 
ire.. B'klyn. * 

irnx* of Mo«es Men- 
a Lodse. Or^. 1916. 
-ship: 75. Meetingrs: 
4 th Wednesday, at 
nhattan Ave. Pres., 
Solomon, 260 Floyd 
:lyn. Sec'y. Mildred 
260 Floyd St., B'klyn. 
folomoit, Pres. Ladles^ 
ry of Moses Mend els - 
sdse (115 Manhattan 
elected 1917. Term 6 
Also Pres. of the 
Bialostoker Briider- 
J. v., No. 1. of B'klyn 
ihdttan Ave.. B'klyn). 
}70 in Russia. Came 
1890. Received gren- 
swish education, 
loes. Res.: 260 Floyd 
lyn. 

Lselai Soe. Or^. 1913. 
rship: 426. Meetingrs: 

Srd Saturdays, at 57 
1 Ave., B'klyn. Pres.. 

Gordon. 91 Manhat- 
ve., B'klyn. Sec'y., 
Goldstein. 59 Throop 
'klyn. 

lad. Verelii. Insur- 
lemetery. Org*. 1914. 
^: 1st and Srd Sun- 
t 36 Morrel St Pres., 
lin Zola tar, 45 Mor- 
. B'klyn. Sec'y, Max 



Reiner. 2968 W. Srd St.. 
B'klyn. 

Zolatar» Beajamte* Pres. 
Roman or Ind. Verein (36 
Morrell St.). since 1915. 
Term 6 months. Born 1865 
in 'Russia. Came to U. S. 
1906. Received greneral Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 45 
Morrell St, B'klyn. 

Skebeser Y; M. B. A. Sick 
benefit; cemetery. Org." 
19l4. Membership: 50. Meet- 
iners: 1st and Srd Sundays, 
at 355 B u s h w i c k Ave.. 
Pres., Louis Wolinsky, 233 
Chester St, B'klyn. 
Wolinsky, Loula, Pres. 
Shebezer T. M. B. A. (355 
Bushwick Ave.), since 1917. 
Term 6 mon^ths. Born 1880 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1906. Received g- e n e r a i 
Jewish education. Printer, 
233 Chester St. B'klyn. 

Sisterbood of tbe Kniter BrOd- 
erllcber Brooklyner K. U. V. 

Sick benefit Org. 1908. 
Membership: 65. Meetings: 
2nd and '4th Wednesdays, at 
16 Manhattan Ave. Pres., 
Lena Ledgin. 478 WiUough- 
by Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, Harry 
Marcuse. 283 Wallabout St, 
B'klyn. 

LediTliit Lena. Sisterhood of 
the Erste BrUderlicher 
B'klyner K. U. V. (16 Man- 
hattan Ave.), since 1911. 
Terms 6 months. Born 1872 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1887. Received general 
Jewish education. Res.: 478 
Wllloughby Ave., B'klyn. 



OOICHUNAL 



letery; place of worship. 
:. 19DT. Membership: 4S. 
lleetlnKs: Ist and 3rd Sat- 
Irdays, at 263 Duiaont Ave., 
Barnet Goldamltb, 
rlBtol SU, B'klyn. 
Harry Rothanberg. 
Iter Ave., Bklyn. 
^olduBltk, Bamett. Prea. 
ner Aid Sac. (2E3 Du- 
Ave.}, elected 191T. 
e monthB. Born ISSl 
Hsla. Came to U. 8. 
Received general 
JewlBh education. Res,; 374 
Bristol St., B'klrn. 



shsuer Sick B. S. of B'klri 
(H Oraham Ave.) : elected 
1S17. Term t monthi. Bora 
1S?2 In Russia. Recelftd 
general Jewish educati 
Mfgr. shirts. Res.: ttt G 
ham Ave., B'klyn. 

Wllllan»bnrB Y. H. aad T. L. 
HcB. aad liltemrr tiseletr- 

Slck benefit: cemetery. Ot\ 
19DB. Membershlii: 10, Uetl 
Inge: 2nd and tth FrldtiL 
at 10& Montrose Ave. P 
David WltkJn. 376 Bualiirlrt 
Ave.. B'klyn. Sec'r, Samuel 
Sati, IE VaMt St, B-klyn. 
WKkln, David. Pres. Wlll- 



lai 



turg T. 



liMtfiXi'jiD -AwiiouB 



■«• Charity. ■ Ory. 
iab«r«lilp: S9. 

Ist and td TuM- 
14S MoKlbten St. 
dl« Waif, SOI 
»y ATtt., B'klyn. 
Kina SohiitB, 440t 

BTUya. 

11% Prta. 'Tcranff 
Jd and Ijlt«rary 
(14« McKlbben 
:ad 1917.* Tarai f 
Born UM In U. & 
: public and.bnsi- 
»la Rm.: SOI Wil- 
LTe., B'klyn. 



ly A« 8. 
fit, cemeteiTt free 
r. 1106. Member- 
Meet* let and Ird 
I at 1161 Pitkin 



Are., B'klyn. Prea., Xka Bp- 
•teln, ISS Christopher Are^ 
B'klyn. See'y, Hyman Gold- 
•teln. III Hlnadala 8t» 
B'klyn. 

Benibtaier B. A* Bitk beneiit; 
Insurance; eemetery. Ory. 
1907. Membership: 114. 
Meeting: Bhrery second 
week, at III WatUna Bt 
Free., Ix>uis Lelkln, 170 
Stone Aye., B'klyn. Sec^y, 
Joseph Shifrln. Ill Chrlsto* 
pher Aye., B'klyn. 
Leikea, Levis* Pres. Zembl- 
ner B. A (III Watklns St)» 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1884 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1901. Receiyed gen- 
eral Jewish education. 
Plasterer. Res.: 670 Stone 
Ave., B'klyn. 



UATK INFORMATION 19 LACKING ON THflS 
FOLLOWING SOCIBTIBS 

Lsdscb 14 Graham Lvblaer B. S., 116 Manhattan 

Ave. 



Ida Of Hath Cha- 
» Cleveland St 



Meadelsea Lodse, 141 MoKib- 

ben St. 



T. M. AM Society, 

Ave. 

Cr DMlmer B. A., 

In 



idcty* 111 Moore 



Mfaudcer Club, 621 Stone Ave. 

New Utreekt Aid Society, 1176 
17th St. 

Paul CatsklU Lodsc^ 106 Mont- 
rose Ave. 



ivskcr Y. M. A 8.. Pllskover U.ter. Vcreta. 400 



> St. 



Stone Ave. 



>ctoty of Bscoklyn, Proff. Rlavcr Ass^ of B»kly«. 

alo St lis Moore St 






l,,MlnK" lis »>** I 

'''"' ,. Y «- »• *■• 









865 

SH FRATERNAL ORGANIZATIONS 

By Leo Wolfson 
Vice Grand Master {in New York), I, W. 8. 0. 

fraternal organizations date their origin from 
le middle of the nineteenth century. Originally 
iirposes were to inculcate charity, benevolence 
>therly love amongst their members and also to 
ocial intercourse and interest in Jewish affairs. 
IS the Jewish population increased by the large 
Ltion and new needs and conditions arose, the 
itions, while retaining their original principles, 
lew ones and at various times increased their 
of activity and enlarged their purposes. 

eir present form the Jewish Orders constitute a 
t and important factor in our communal life, 
crests of about a million Jews are involved in 
istence and welfare. Their influence for good 
estimable value to our social activities. In his 
ad order, the Jew, who is a member, finds an 
which affords to him and his family a certain 
! of protection in the event of death, illness or 
and at the same time, a ready means to aid and 
;hers when in similar circumstances. The chief 
f their charity and relief work lies in the fact, 
members, regardless of their social or financial 
ire entitled to receive them, all members having 
ghts and privileges. They are truly democratic 
ons, both in form and in spirit. Another im- 
phase is that the recipient of benefits from the 
r order does not lose his self-respect, nor his 



Cb 



s 



_- The lodges of the various o 

the most valuable schools thr 

la Jews pass. Many have leai 

Lodge meetings. Others 1 
knowledge of parliamentary 
public meetings. Many of ( 
and speakers have begun th< 
ing an office in their lodge o 
meetings. In fact most of 
nection with and knowledge 
ties, and take an interest i 
affiliation with the Jewish fr^ 
One of the factors which 
the growth and popularity 
the benefits and general acti 
that they made possible for i 
and often from the same to 
often, and created the oppo 
friendships and of f acilitatin 
able relations. 

Ostensibly, the Jewish Oi 
purposes of providinp: their 

iriQii rnnr»p in niocf <*ncna nmr» 



Lje— 1 . 



MUTUAL AID A0BKGIB8 867 

1 faety however, they do extensive social work. They 
re the most generous contribntors to Jewish charitable 
ifltitations; some of them maintain their own institu- 
ions^ and what is perhaps more praiseworthy, they are 
nconraging and urging their members individually to 
ontribute and give freely to all Jewish causes and in- 
ereets. For organizing, moulding and interesting large 
nwfWfn of Jews in the large Jewish problems they have 
>een found the best means, and it must be said to their 
sredit, that they have served Jewish interests at large, 
readily and intelligently. 

- With all the good features these organizations possess 
ind the good work they actually do, their existence as a 
vhole, with very few exceptions, is uncertain and in- 
■eeure. Every now and then a Jewish Order goes out 
tf existence and leaves in its trail thousands of widows 
Uid orphans, absolutely helpless in their greatest hour 
tf need, and deprived of all their legitimate hopes and 
si^peetations of aid and assistance. Our Orders do busi- 
^QK under the "assessment system." Each member re- 
ttodleas of his age is required to pay a certain fixed 
femoant upon the death of a member. As long as the 
tlembership in an order is young and the mortality rate 
Qw, the payments to the endowment fund by the mem- 
bra ia correspondingly low. As the members become 
4der and the mortality rate increases, the payments for 
t^athi also increase and in the course of time it becomes 
l^poarible for members to meet the same, and the Order 
^eeomea bankrupt and goes into the hands of receivers. 
^le ''aasessment system" is fundamentally wrong. Per- 
siatent adherence to the same in face of the bitter les* 



_- the services tney reiiuci w/ « 

bers themselves are primai 
In suranae and consider that 

Cb 

mount importance. In this 
dering of the insurance sa 
utmost importance that the 
^_ organized upon a scientific 

of the organizations have a 

— parison of their status with 

the old system will prove b( 

— nay imperativeness, of all o 
^ It would be a great pity 

agencies should continue ii 
" policy, and fail to realize t 

form with respect to their 
opinion should compel the 
time to do the reorganizing 
their interests and work, 
interference, and it can b 
will be too late. 

The future of Jewish Oi 
fulness lies in tlieir own 
rkT«nrnni70fl. and thoir exist 



'03 CWX 


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Arbeiter Ring 

(WcMtanen's Circle) . « 
175 Bast Broadway 

!ERS: Pres., Abraham Bpstein, 176 B. Broadway, 
seph Baakln, 176 E. Broadway. Bstabllahed 1900. 
ited 1906. 

ERSHIP: Branches in U. S. and Canada, 602. 
in N. T. C, 240. Total membersliip in U. S. and 
>9,500. Membership in N. Y. C, 25,000. Average 
. Y. members per annum, $12. Fraternal system 
nee based on table of mortality adopted by the 
Fraternal Congress. 

>SE: "To help the working class as a whole, to 
:he conditions of the worker, to increase his wages 
rengthen his social and political influence." 

riTS: Insurance against tuberculosis, sickness, 
uid death. Issues policies from $100.00 to $400.00. 

ITIES: Organizes and aids in charitable and edu- 
activities. Publishes in Yiddish Scientiflc Books 
11 at cost. Maintains a sanitarium for the treat- 
pulmonary tuberculosis. Issues monthly paper, 
ind." Takes great interest in the affairs of Jewish 
Affiliated with the Socialist party. Contributed 
o the Jewish War Relief Fund. 

1, Abraham, Pres. The Workmen's Circle (176 E. 
since 1916. Term 1 year. Born 1876 in Russia. 
U. S. 1892. Received general education. Advertis- 
: 894 Union Ave. 

, Joseph, Secretary Workmen's Circle. Born in 
880, obtained high school education at College de 
Switzerland. Pursued for two years a scientific 
the University of Lauzanne in Switzerland, and in 
iined the degree of Electrical Engineer at Univer- 
incy, France. From 1905 to 1907 was publisher of 
ibutor to Volkszeitung in Vilna, Russia, under the 
of the "Bund." Came to America the latter part 
and was connected, until 1914, with the Westing- 
jctric Co., at Pittsburgh, Pa. In the latter part of 
i elected assistant secretary of the Workmen's 
.d in 1916 became general secretary. 



CX>11MUNAL BXGISTSB 



BRANCHES IN NEW YOKK CITY 



much No. 1. meets at 173 B, 


day. Secy. P. Letni 


B-woy. 2nd' and 4th Friday. 


Crotona Park, E, 


Sec'y, H. Bassel, I30t Cro- 




lona Ave. 


Braacli No. M. meeU 




Ludlow St., lat aad 


nack No. 3, meeta at 111 B. 


urday. Sec'y. Moiei 


lOSd SI,. Saturday. Sec'y, 


«1 E. lOJd St. 


N, Suplrmati. Itl E. lOSd St. 






Oraaeh No. aH, meet) i 


ranch Tto. 3. meets at Si 


B'way. 1st and M 


Bartlett St.. Friday. Seo'y, 


days, Sec'y, R. Boli 


A. Tepper. iSe Thi'oop Ave,. 


E. lOSth St. 


B-klyn, 






Dr.Beh No. SS. meet. . 


nocb I*o. *. meeta at 7S 


BVay, Ind and 411 


Throop Ave., B'klyn., Tues- 


daya, Sec'y. I, Hlllm 


day. Sec'y. Jacob Hyman, 




41 JeftersQii St, 










E. HouHion St„ Snd 


B-way, 2nd and 4tli Tuea- 


Friday, Sec'y. A, 


J,n>a, Sec'y, C. Elsi^nliorg, 


B34 Fluahins Ave, E 




kUTDAIi AD) AOBNOm 



873 



40, meeU at 17S B. 
8t and 8d Satur- 
c'y, S. Brodkln, 818 
St 



Bnweh No. M, meets at 178 B. 
B'way, iBt and 8d Saturdays. 
Seo'y, A. Rosenbaum. 197 
Clinton St. 



42, meets at 826 B. 
St, Friday. Sec'y, 
ler, 112 Ave. C. 

43, meets at 206 B. 
It and 8d Fridays. 
Abrams, 178 Leon- 
fklyn. 

49. Sec'y, B. Frlsh- 
(68 Saratoera Ave.. 



60, meets at 257 B. 
St, 1st and 3d Frl- 
'C*y, H. Kraus, 306 
t. 

. 51, meets at 77 
St, Ist and 8d 
lys. Scc'y, Philip 
, 113'B. 160th St 

. S2, meets at 77 
St, 2nd and 4th 
Sec'yt M. Groden- 

) Belmont Ave. 

63, meets at 209 B. 
Qd and 4th Satur- 
c*y, M. Sllberfflled. 
ett Ave. 

S4» meets at 173 B. 
Qd and 4th Satur- 
c'y, H. Bender. 851 
St. B'klyn. 

. 55, meets at 261 
Ave.. Ist and 3d 
Sec'y, A. Zahn. 
St. B'klyn. 



BraMch No. M, meeta at 87 St 
Marks PI.. 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y, M. Millard. 
561 B. 11th St 

BraMch No. 66, meets at 98 
Forsyth St., 1st and 8d Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y. J. Marcus, 
104 Orchard St. 

Branch No. 68, meets at 162 
Madison St.. Ist and 8d Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y. O. Steinberg. 
17 B. 117th St 

Branch No. 70, meets at 81 
Delancey St. 2nd and 4th 
Saturdays. Sec'y. M. Schwa- 
erer, 186 B. 101st St 

Branch No. 72, meets at 178 B. ' 
B'way. Sec'y, J. Cooperman, 
15 W. 112th St 

Branch No. 74, meets at 79 
Forsyth St., 1st and 3d Fri- 
days. Sec'y, Bllas Otto, 
2325 Prospect Ave. 

Branch No. 75, meets at 178 IS. 
B'way. Ist and 3d Fridays. 
Sec'y, Z. Spier, 368 Hinsdale 
St, B'klyn. 

Branch No. 76, meets at Bck* 
ford St. and DrisTiTS Ave.. 
B'klyn. 2nd and 4th Fridays. 
Sec'y, A. Plkus, 714 Hum- 
boldt St. B'klyn. 



urdays. Secy, m. nuuuen, 
169 Monroe St. 
Ri 

Qh BmMcli No. 82* meets at 66 

Orchard St., Tuesdays. Sec'y, 
^ M. Wolbersr. 634 E. 11th St. 

BraMch No. 83, meets at 173 E. 

B'way, 2d and 4 th Friday, 

— Sec'y, M. Feinbersr, 1820 

Lexington Ave. 

BmMcli No. 85, meets at 100 
Essex St., Ist and Sd Fri- 
days. Sec'y» M. Chernetsky. 
S71 E. 138th St 

Branch No. 86, meets at 
" * 66 St Marks Place, Thurs- 

days. Sec'y, R. Bernstein, 
^ 1600 Longrfellow Ave. 

^ Branch No. 87, meets at 143 

B. 108 St, 2nd and 4th Wed- 
nesdays. Sec'y, M. Schein- 
baum. 47 Sand St.. B'klyn. 

Branch No. 88, meets at 102 
Essex St., 2nd and 4th Fri- 
days. Sec'y, J. Farber, 29C 
Brook Ave. 



UJJVUAh AJn> AGfiNdBB 



87fi 



laa, iD«eu at 1S9 
St.. Sod and 4th 
Sec'y, M. IieTln*, 
th St. 



Bnmch Vo. 14«» me«ta at 178 
B. B'way» Ist and Sd Fri- 
days. Sec'y, Ii. Oollnsky, S7 
W. 114tb St. 



124, meets at ISl 
ft,, Ist and 8d 
Sec'y, A. Kom- 
i Home St. 



leh No. 147> meets at 178 
E. B'way, 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y, 11 Mayer, 
414 B. 74th St. 



ISO, meets at 819 

St, Kklyn, Ist 

Sec'y, Lk Sha- 

18th Ava., B'klyn. 

132, meets at 173 
Ist and 8d Fri- 
c'y* M. Stranch, 
id St. 

13S, meets at 77 

SU 2nd and 4th 

Sec'y, Ii. Gins- 

Mlddletown St, 



134, meets at 826 
n St., 1st and Sd 
Sec'y, B. Klein, 55 



13d, meets at 173 
1st and 8d Sat- 
lec'y, L Orayman, 
in's Ave. 



Bnmch No. 148t meets at 178 
E. B'way, 2nd and 4th Mon- 
days. Sec'y, D. Weln, 497 
Court St., B'klyn. 

BniMch No. 140, meets at 151 
Clinton St, Ist and 3d Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y, S. Bernstein, 
1328 Clay Ave. 

Braach No. 150, meets at 151 
Clinton St., 2nd and 4th 
Saturdays. Sec'y, P. Lurie, 
1086 Kelly St 

Branch No. 104, meets at 206 
E. B'way. 1st and 3d Tues- 
days. Sec'y, E. Kamem- 
maker, 335 Grand St., 
B'klyn. 

Branch No. 105, meets at 209 
E. 2nd St., 2nd and 4th 
BVldaya. Sec'y, M. Stein- 
berer* 106 E. 119th St 



180^ meets at 219 

St, B'klyn, Ist 

ednesdaya. See'y, 

I. 864 Stone Ave., 



BraBch No. 171, meets at 98 
Forsyth St. 2nd and 4th 
Fridays. Sec'y, B. Kaisel, 
265 Pearl St.. B'klyn. 



144, meets si 79 
St, 1st and 3d 
Sec'y, I. Weffod- 
110th St 



Branch No. 172, meets at 219 
Sackman St.. B'klyn, 1st 
and 3d Saturdays. Sec'y, L. 
Elkin, 758 Rockaway Ave., 
B'klyn. 



2203 6th Ave. 
R: 

Cfa BniMch No. 185, meets at 210 

B. 104th St.. 2nd and 4th 
^ Saturdays. Sec'y, A. Kadu- 

_- son. 290 W. 147th St. 

Bimach No. 188. meets at 7S 

— Ludlow St., 1st and 8rd Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y, H. Cochman. 

— 280 S. 2nd St.. B'klyn. 

BniMch No. 189, meeU at 148 

— McKlbben St., B'klyn. 1st 

and 3d Fridays. Ssc'y* T. 

— - Mendelsohn. Cypress Ave. 

and Fresh Pond Road. 



eh No. 194, meets at fS 
Forsyth St., 2nd and 4th 
Fridays. Sec'y. E. S. Ratt- 
ner. 66 B. 107th St. 

BimMeh No. 195, meets at 162 
Madison St., 1st and 3d Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y, Li. Bezahler. 
112 Avenue C. 



Ol 

81 

Bni 

E 
d) 
E 

Bn 

E 
u 
i: 

Bra 

£ 
d 
U 

Brs 

C 
d 
1 

Bra 

I 
u 
2 



mseli No. 199, meets at 77 ^n 

Delanoey St., 1st and 8d ^ 

Fridays. Sec'y. I. Chud- ^ 

noff. 100 2nd St. ^ 



umsuAh Am AfiBDfoni 



vn 



and Srd: Frl- 
A. Abrftinu- 
jpomMry 8t' 

21. Sec'y, I. 
LH RookAWdky 
a, Ik I. 

• meets at 178 
and Sd Tues- 
IL Slavin, 1700 
A.ve. i 

, meeta at S14 
t and Sd Wed- 
I'y, lb LandB- 
ilty Ave. 

i meets at 126 
t., Snd and 4th 
3'y, & Moalln, 
:ton ATe. 

« meets at 351 
a and 4tli Frl- 

Chaa. imier. 

PL 

l» meets at 81 

2nd and 4th 

lec'y, 11 Che- 

417 44th St. 



H meets at 267 
t, 2nd and 4tb 
{eo'y, B. Krap- 
n Ave. 

1* meets at 77 
., 1st and 8d 
Sec'y, J. Prash- 
L6th St. 

iif meets at 78 
2nd and 4th 
o'y, N. Spark. 
St. 



N«. a4B^ meats M 
B. tnd St., 2nd and iih 
Tuesdays. Sec^y, J. Bslln* 
sky, 768 B. 182d 



Bfineh If «. Ui9, meeto ^t 17J| 
B. B*wa)r, 2nd and '4th Krt- 
daya. Seo'y, J. AspiSb 8888 
8nd Ave. 

Brasiek No. 24ff meflits at. |08 
B. B'way» 8nd and 4tli Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y, B. Upschlts, 
181 W. 62nd St 



Brhuek Ha. 28S» meets %t 80. 
Ist^ St, 1st and 8d Satur- 
days. Sec'y, E^arry Bermsn, 
1442 Charlotte.St 

Brameh No. 258, 'meets ^tt J98 
B. B'way. Ist and Sd Fri- 
days, fifec'y, J. Comoy. 784 
E. ISlst St 

Braneh No. 289, meets at. 77 
Delancey St., 1st and 2d 
Fridays. Sec'y, J. Goldman. 
829 B. 16th St 

Bnuicli No. 2m^ meets at. 78 
Forsyth St, 2nd and 4th 
Mondays. Sec'y. M. Smof- 
sky. 56 B. 102nd St 

Broach ICo. 2dl, meets at' 878 
E:. Houston St, 2nd and 4th 
Fridays. Sec'y, A Hers«h- 
kowitz, 54 B. 112th St 

Braaeh No. 2n meets dlt!l88 
Madison St., 1st and Sd Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y, H. Ruffoff, 
62 Henry St. 

Branch No. 270^' meets at 308 
B. 2nd St., 2nd and 4th 
Thursdays. Sec'y, A 
Brooks, 187 B. 100th St 



feld, 79 B. 107th St. 

fj Bnuiefti No. 275, meeU at 10 

Cb W. 114th St., Fridays. Sec'y, 

, 8. Nadelman, 69 &. 107th St. ^ 



ell No. 277 meets at S14 
B. 2nd St.. 2nd and 4th 
Fridays. Sec'y, M. Kats, 
688 B. eth St 



eh No. 278» meets at 79 
Forsyth St., 1st and 8d 
Fridays. Sec'y, B. Brown- 
stein. 1717 8d St 



ell No. 280b meets at 178 
B. B'way, 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y« M. Perlo- 
witz. 249 S. 2nd St, B'lclyn. 

Bimacfti No. 285, meets at 209 
B. B'way, 2nd and 4th Fri- 
days. Sec'y, A. Sulzer, 68 E. 
100th St 



ell No. 286. meets at 178 
B. B'way, 2nd and 4th Fri- 
days. Sec'y, P. Stern. 1586 
St Marks Ave., B'klyn. 



ich No. 288. meets at 214 
B. 2nd St., l8t and Sd Fri- 
days. Sec'yf A. Brick, 644 
E. 11th St 



E 



ICUTUAL AID ACEBNGIE8 



879 



I no. 9VK meeu at lS4e 
8U Vklyn, Ist and 
r r 1 d a y a . Seo'y, H. 
Idea, IttO 4Snd SU 
m. 

I No. S21« meeta at 162 
aon St., lat and Srd 
ftya. Bae^y, J. Jacob- 
1716 Park PU B'klyn. 

I Ha. ats» maata at S06 
B'way, 2nd and '4tb 
I r a d a y a . Bec'y, P. 
er, 816 Trinity Ave. 

I Na» SIS, meata at 175 
B'way, 2nd and 4th 
*adaya. Sec'y, M. Llp- 
cy, 187 Monroe St. 

I 8M» meata at 148 E 
St., lat and 8d Tues* 
Sac'y. 8. SteinbersT, 
L 107th St 

I Na. S35, meeta at 76 

K>p ATe., B'klyn, let 

8d Thnradaya. Sec'y, 

laron, 69 Bay 17th St.* 

m. 

k Vo, saa^ meeta at 66 
>th St, Frldaya. Sec'y, 
temstein, 656 Flatbush 
, B'klyn. 

k Vo» Mf meeta at 106 
lyth St, 2nd and 4th 
irdaya. Sec'y, M. Frled- 
, 282 B. 108d St 

k Ha. sn» meeta at 100 
tz St, let and 8d Fri- 
L Sec'y, A. Bleifer, 56 
remear St 

k Na. saa, meets at 209 
rway, 2nd and 4th Frl- 



daya. Sac'y, A. Mlnta, 61 B. 
lOSd St 

BraBek No. 888^ meeta at 176 
B. B'way, let and 8d Frl- 
daya. Sac'y, A. Rudko, 240 

B. 2nd St 

Branek No. 844, meeta at 1268 
Beaton Rd., 2nd and 4th 
Saturdays. Sec'y, M. Fied- 
ler, 1504 Lonsrfellow Aye. 

Braack No. 845, meeta at 210 
Is. 2nd St, 2nd and 4th 
Fridays. Sec'y, L. MltUe- 
man, 887 Freeman St 

« 

Braack No. 846, meeta at 78 
Ludlow St, 2nd and 4th 
Fridays. Sec'y, M. Krlsow, 
75 E. 119th St 

Branch No. 3S0, meets at 77 
Delancey St.. 2nd and 4th 
Fridays. Sec'y, W. Qlns- 
bersTi 98 Barrett St., B'klyn. 

Bramck No. 851, meets at 178 
B. B'way, Ist and Sd Wed- 
nesdays. Sec'y, S. Orebow. 
1 B. llSth St 

Braack No. 882, meets at 143 
E. 103d St., Ist and 3d Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y. B. Levlne. 
937 E. 181st St 

Braack No. 854, meets at 664 
Hopklnson Ave., B'klyn, lat 
and 3d Sundays. Sec'y, M. 
Rudinsky, 271 Sutter Ave.. 
B'klyn. 

Braack No. 855, meets at 67 
B. 8th St., 2nd and '4th Frl- 



J 

i 



BraMch No. 361, meets at 85 
Forsyth St., 2nd and 4th 
Saturdays. Sec'y, D. Rutlt- 
sky» 488 Bushwick Ave.. 
B'klyn. 

Brancli No. 863, meets at .79 
Forsyth St.. Ist and 8d Fri- 
day. Sec'y, H. Lubel, 453 
Powell St., B'klyn. 

BraMeh No. 364, meets at 143 
E. 103d St., 2nd and 4th 
Saturdays. Sec'y, M. Horo- 
witB, 1890 So. B'lvd. 

Bmmeli No. 366, meets at 96 
Clinton. St.. 1st and Sd Fri- 
days. Sec'y, H. Deutch, 651 
Fox St. 

BmBch No. 367, meets at 173 
B. B'way, 1st and 3d Tues- 
days. Sec'y, L. Ashlnofsky. 
1501 39th St., B'klyn. 

Braacli Ko, 368, meets at 218 
B. 2nd St., 2nd and 4th 
Thursdays. Sec'y. I. Plncus, 
123 Norfolk St. 

Branch No. 369, meets at 63 
E. 4th St., Ist and 3d Satur- 



Bmaeh 

B. Ho 
Frida: 

130 St 

Branch 

Essex 

days. 

man, 

Branch 

B. B' 

days. 

Snedil 

Branch 

Rivini 
Satun 
man. 

Branch 

B. 4t1 
urday 

131 B 

Branch 

E. 10' 
day. 
155 B 

Branch 

E. 16 
Mondi 



tfUTUAL AID AOBNCIRS 



881 



Vo. 40it, meets at 14S 

St.. l8t and 8d Sat- 

Sec'y, D. Schum- 

B. 102 St. 

Ho. 403, meets at 328 
iston St., 1st and 3(1 
.ys. Sec'y, I. Cohen, 
cy Ave., B'klyn. 

¥o. 405, meets at 210 
th St., 2nd and 4th 
s. Sec'y. J. Brooks, 
»ouerla8 St., B'klyn. 

Vo. 40«, meets at 151 
i St.. 2nd and 4th 
s. Sec'y, M. Gold- 
62 E. 104th St. 

So, 407, meets at 62 
St.. 2nd and 4th Sat- 
Sec'y, I. Ehrllch. 
mingrs St. 

Wo. 406, meets at 18 
Ave.. Rockaway, 2nd 
a Wednesdays. Sec'y, 
lln, 3 Dashly Court, 
^ay. 

So, 410, meets at 96 

1 St., 2nd and 4th Fri- 
Sec'y, A. Ashpis. 296 

ore Ave., B'klyn. 

No. 411, meets at 96 
I St^ 2nd and 4th 
s. Sec'y. M. Len- 
582 E. 136th St. 

Wo. 412, meets at 175 
'ay, 2nd and 4th Fri- 
Sec'y. A. Mertln, 411 
lie St.. B'klyn. 



BMiMeh No. 4ir> meets at 38 
Avenue A. 1st find Sd Fri- 
days. Sec'y, H. Richards, 
2066 Washingrton Ave. 

Bnuicli fio, 410, meets at 1779 
Pitkin Ave,, B'klyn. 2nd and 
4th Saturdays. Sec'y, I. 
Stein. 1492 Pitkin Ave.. 
B'klyn. 

Branch No. 423, meets at 100 
Essex St.. Ist and Sd Fri- 
days. Sec'y, M. Mlllman. 
186*4 Washington Ave. 

Bnmch No. 428, meets at 176 
B. B'way, 1st and 8d Tues- 
days. Sec'y. J. Palley, 418 
Bedford Ave ., B'klyn. 

Branch No. 436, meets at 106 
Forsyth St., Ist and 8d Fri- 
days. Sec'y. L. Lewon, 598 
E. 139th St. 

Branch No. 430, meets at 218 
E. 2nd St., 2nd and 4th Fri- 
days. Sec'y, D. Wollner. '49 
Stanton St. 

Branch No. 440, meets at 1861 
Pitkin Ave., 2nd and 4th 
Fridays. Sec'y. M. Matluk, 
314 Osborn St., B'klyn. 

Branch No. 442. meets at 267 
E. Houston St., 1st and 8d 
Saturdays. Sec'y. J. M. 
Rosenblatt, 2043 Washing- 
ton Ave. 

Branch No. 447. meets at 648 
Bay St., Stapleton, S. I., 2nd 
and 4th Fridays. Sec'y, H. 
Dropkln, 999 Castelton Ave., 
Staten Island. 



401 E. 88th St 

Ri 

In Branch No. 458, meets at 7 

Ch Forsyth Street, Ist and 8t 

j^ Mondays. Sec'y, M. Pried 

man, 1447 Wllkins Ave. 

Bimneh No. 462, meets at 20 
E. B'way. 1st and 3rd Fri 

— days. Sec'y» S. Halper, 135 

Clinton Ave. 

Bimnch No. 46S, meets at 8 
Delancey Street, 1st an< 

— 8d Fridays. Sec'y, J. Lem 

ansky, 1766 Park Place 

_ B'klyn. 

^ Braneli No. 487, meets at li 

Manhattan Ave., 2nd anc 

4th Fridays. Sec'y, L. Lorn 

^ bursT, 905 Flushing Ave. 

B'klyn. 

Bnrnch No. 468, meets at 10( 
Forsyth Street, 2nd and 4th 
Fridays. Sec'y, P. Hertx- 
berer, 946 42nd Street 
B'klyn. 

Branch No. 471. meets at 39C 
Stone Ave., B'klyn, 2nd and 
4th Fridays. Soc'y, H. Roth 
623 Sackman Street, B'klyn 



jtnroAii AID AOEUcnB 



ui, mt>«U kt lit 
tan Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, U Harer. 
<r at.. B'klyn. 

MB, me«tB *t t(>T 
■a St.. l*t B.nd Id 
iec'y, J. U. Roian' 
WKShlngton Ave, 

M3; meeU at BT 
SL, 1st and Ird 
Ssc'y. L. Pried, 
h Street. B'klyn, 

S4S. meets at TG 
St., Ind and 4th 

9 B. ITtth St 

MS, meeU at 1875 
.. lit and Id Frl- 
y, U. N. Kleniert 
Ave. 



'r. A. Stelser. 114 



i7, meet! at ItiBS 
, B'klyn. Bec'y, 
TBI Rock a way 



BrwBck Ho. M*. meets M I 
Avenue D. tat and ad Bat. 
urdays. Soc'y, J. Oreen- 
bers. Ill R IStta St. 

Branek Mv. sw. meeta at 1<* 
Forsyth St., Ind and 4th 
Saturdays. Sec'y. P. Zel- 
nick. IG B. lOGth at. 

Branch No. S70, meats at >0 
Clinton St.. Ist and Id 
Thursdays. Bec'y. H. lf«y- 
ers. tl Columbia St. 

Biaack ir>. n*. meeta at B( 
Clinton St., Ind and 4th 
Tuesdays. Sec'y, M. Bern- 
stein. Its B. Ind St. 

Braaeh No. BTS, meets at T4 
B. 4th St., Ind and 4th Fri- 
days. Sec'y. M. Uallnolsky. 

Braach No. 580, meets at ITE 
E. B'way. Ind and 4th Fri- 
day. Sec'y, A. Racliman, 
709 B. »tli St. 

Braack No. S81. meets at 14fl 
B. B'way, Ist and Sd Sat- 
urdays. Sec'y. J. Boren- 
steln, 1S40 Seabury Place. 

Braack No. S81, meets at 141 
B. 103d St., Ind and 4th Fri- 
days. Sec'y, A, Wronsky. 
1768 Washington Ave. 

Branch No. SS3, meeta at 171 
E. B'way, lat and Id Frl. 
Sec'y. F. Chudnow, 414 
W e a t e r V e 1 1 Are., New 
Brighton, S. I. 



R: 
In 
Ch 



Saturdays. Sec'y. B. Malt- J 

en, 54 E. 99th St. " 



Branch No. 597, meets at 57 
St. Marks PL, Wednesdays. 



Bri 



Sec'y. M. Gelbart. 32 St. | 

Marks PI. 



s 



Brasch N«. 598, meets at 79 ^^ 

Delancey St., 2nd and 4th ( 

Fridays. Sec'y, M. Shrift- ^ 

man. 6 Ten Eyck St.. B'klyn. j 

Bmneh No. 000, meets at 79 Br 

Forsyth St., Ist and 3d • 
Mondays. Sec'y. S. Meadow, 
S14 S. 3d St.. B'klyn. 



885 
Independent Order B'nai B'rith 

2807 Broadway 

)FFICERS: Pres., Adolf Kraiu. Pres., District No. 1, 
nrice P. DavidBon, 261 Broadway. Sec'y, Bernard M. 
plan^ 2307 Broadway. Treasurer, Heraian Asher, 299 
)adway. Elstablished 1843. Incorporated 1878. ^^ 

MEMBERSHIP: Total number of lodges in the U. S., ZlS. 
mber of lodges in N. Y. C, 19. Total membership in 
8., 35,422. Membership in N. Y. C, 2,100. Average 
It to N. Y. members per annum, $10. Fraternal system 
insurance based on American Experience Table at 6%. 
I new policies issued. 

PURPOSE: "Uniting Israelites in work of promoting 
eir highest interests and those of humanity; developing 
id elevating the mental and moral character of people of 
ir faith; of inculcating the purest principles of philan- 
ropy; honor and patriotism; of supporting science and 
t; alleviating the wants of the poor and needy, visiting 
id attending the sick; coming to the rescue of victims of 
irsecutlon; providing for, protecting and assisting the 
Idow and orphan on the broadest principle of humanity." 
In 1843, a number of German Jews in New York. 
Baded by Henry Jones, actuated by the desire to help the 
BWg the world over, organized what became the nucleus of 
ie Order B*nai B'rith. It was decided to bar political and 
-ligiouB discussion forever from the councils of the Order, 
> as to make its activities as effective as possible. As early 
B 1851 the Order was in a position to transcend the limits 
f its own state and to make an appeal to the Jews of New 
ork. It was in that year that District Lodge One was 
rganized in New York City. In 1882 the first lodge in 
«rmany was established, laying the foundation for an 
itemaUonal Organization. Since then the Order became 
itemational in scope, with branches all over Europe, Africa 
ltd Asia. As one of the few great Jewish international 
^anizations, the Order B'nai B'rith was in a position to 
tercise considerable Influence in favor of Jews the world 
^r. The order supported Mr. Benjamin Peixotto as 
•ecial consul of Roumania for the purpose of obtaining 
nremmental alleviation of distress of Roumanian Jews. 
16 Order has close afllliation with all great Jewish bodies, 
eh aa the Alliance Israelite Universelle, the Jewish Col- 
isation Aaaociation, the American Jewish Committee, etc. 




the world over. Affiliated ^ 

j^. tte Alliance Israelite VnU 

In ABsociation. 

Ch Davidson, Maurice P., Pi 

» B'way); elected 1918. Ter 

Attended C. C. N. Y. and 
— 261 B'way. Res.: 652 Eas 



IX)I>GES IX 

Aklba No. 173, meets at 23C 
Broadway on 2nd Tuesda 
and 4th Wednesday. Pres 
Dr. Harry Bloom, 47 W. 34t 
St. Sec'y, Theodore Schmei 
227 W. 140th St. 

AMirlak No. 164, meets at IC 
W. 116th St., on Ist and 3r 
Mondays. Pros., Juliu.s Hoi 
bins. Sec'y, Julius Jool. 

Beer Sheba-Canaan No. 1 

mofts at 160 E. 86th St., a 
1st Sunday at 10 A.M. I*ros 
I. Schnclttacher, 200 W. 109t 
St. Sec'y, Ilonry Silver, 271 
Glenwood Rd., B'klyn. 
Bchneittaoher. Israel, Pre; 
Beer Shcba-Canaan LodR 
Xo. 11, I. O. B. n. nfiO I 
sr.th St.). .*«ln(M' 1012. Tt'ii 
1 v«-;ir. Horn 1S40 In <'i<'i 



MVTVAli AID AOBNOIBB 



887 



tecelTed general Jew- 
ucation. Bookkeeper. 
74 W. 140th St 

»■«• I<el»«mmi If a. 79, 

at 2S07 B'way, on Itt 
y, 8 P. M. Pres., L>. 
ant. 116 B'way. Sec'y, 
Weingart, 103 Park 



ro. 28k meets at 6 
Ave., B'klyn, on 2nd 

r at 2.30 P. M. Pres., 

Mayer, 1163 St. 

PI.. B'klyn. Sec'y, 8. 

bstock, 838 Jefferson 

rklyn. 

fo. 15, meets at 2307 
on 1st and 3rd 
lays. Pros., J. J. Jali- 
. Tjr. 118th St. Sec'y, 
hwarzbanm, 361 St. 
18 Ave. 

i Ho. 71, meets at 2307 
^ay on 1st and 3rd 
.ys. Pres., Julius 
n, 3440 B'way. Sec'y, 
Ward, 8 W. 127th St. 

ui-Tira»MB|ptoB No. 19> 

at 2307 Broadway on 
nd 4th Wednesdays. 



Pres., Gabriel Davidson, 174 
2nd Ave. Sec'y. Philip Caw- 
en, S20 W. 122nd St. 

Moiuit Sfaial No. 2, meeta at 
2307 Broadway on 8rd Mon- 
day. Pres., M. Sulzbergrer, 
38 Park Row. Sec'y, Hugro 
TaussifiT, 237 B. 72nd St. 

N. T. Isatak No. 1, meets at 
2307 B'way on 2nd and 4 th 
Mondays. Pres., Ch. J. Kat- 
zenstein, 220 B'way. Sec'y, 
E. Bayer, 436 Convent Ave. 

Rehobotk No. SS, meets at 742 
St. Anns Ave. on 2nd Mon- 
day. Pres., L. D. Weller, 303 
E. 161st St Sec'y, S. Nathan, 
859 So. Boulevard. 

8am«el No. 8S, meets at 130 
DeKalb Ave. on 1st Sunday 
at 3 p. m. Pres., Henry 
Belvln. 719 8th Ave., B'kl3m. 
Sec'y, I. Trum, 122 Court St, 
B'kl3m. 

Belvln, Henry, Pres. Samuel 
Lodgre No. 35, I. O. B. B. (130 
DeKalb Ave., B'klyn), since 
1902. Term 1 year. Born 
1842 in Germany. Came to 
U. S. 1864. Received higrh 
school education. Retired. 
Res.: 719 8th Ave., B'klsm. 



Average cost to N. Y. membei 
H'^ ment system of insurance. 

}^ BENEFITS: Insurance ag 

Issues policies of $500.00. N( 

I- CHARITABLE ACTIVITIES 

_ charities, 1917, $35,000.00. T 

questions, especially in Jewish 

War Relief. 
Shelinsky, Sol, Pres. Ind. 

7th St.); elected 1917. Term 
Came to U. S. 1885. Received 

Germany. Res.: 940 Tiffany S 

^ ix>dc>;es IX ne 

Aaron No. 48, meets at 326 E. 

. Houston St., on 2nd and 4th 

Sundays. Pres., Sam Lam- 

^ bert, 1570 Washington Ave. 

Sec'y, M. Perlstein, 2 Clinton 
St. 

" Lambert, 8am, Pres. Aaron 

Lodge No. 48, I. O. B. A. 
(326 E. Houston St.), elected 
1917. Term 1 year. Born in 
Austria. Received general 
Jewish education. Res.: 
1570 Washington Ave. 



^ 



Aaron Reiner No. 270, meets at 
257 E. Houston St., on 2nd 
and 4th Sundays. Pres., M. 
BlmbfTfT. 331 K « a p St.. 
B'klyn. Sec'y. J. Ktslcr. 611 



MUTUAIi AID A0BNCIB8 



889 



Heis* Barteft* Pres. Abra- 
ham Ooldman Lodge No. 44. 
I. O. B. A. (100 W. 116th 
St.), •ince 1916. Term 6 
montha. Born 1879 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1903. 
RacelTed sreneral Jewish and 
secular education. Iron 
Structure Worker. Res.: 608 
EL 8Srd St. 



AbrsMaai Lamdaa No. 18, meets 
at 7S B. 116th St., on 2nd 
and 4th Sundays. Pres., S. 
Gartman. 124i B. 158th St. 
Sec'y, S. Oelbaum. 237 So. 
2nd St., B'klyn. 

Abr. Sehlldmat* No. 80, meets 
at 14 Graham Ave., B'klyn, 
on 2nd and 4th Saturdays. 
Pres., B. Wolff, 240 Stan tun 
St. Sec'y, S. Schwesin, 643 
Monroe St. 



AhaTatft Sckolom No. W» meets 
at 106 Forsyth St., on 1st 
and 3d Saturdays. Pres., S. 
Selifirman, 221 Division St. 
Sec'y. L. Gottlieb, 307 Ave. 
C. 

Akiba Birer No. SSI. meets at 
98 Forsyth St., on 1st and 
3d Saturdays. Pres., Sam 
Bnflrelsohn, 2f46 Kosciusko 
St., B'klyn. Sec'y, I. Dlloff, 
78 Essex St. 

Enselsolui, Sam, Pres. Akiba 
Eger Lodge No. 231, I. O. 
B. A. (98 Forsyth St), since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 
1875 in Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1896. Received general 
Jewish education. Mfgr. 
shirts: 141 Stockholm St., 
B'klyn. Res.: 245 Kosciusko 
St, B'klyn. 



AteUwId <ladlcii') No. 4, meets 
at 267 B. Houston St, on 
1st and 2d Sundays. Pros., 
Mra Hedwis Weiss. 142 W. 
143nd St Sec'y, J. Benditt. 
587 Beck St 

Akavatk Acklm No. 136, meets 
at 79 Delancey St., on 1st 
and 2d Sundays. Pres., 
Samuel Goldstein, 56 E. 3d 
St Sec'y, L Teplonsky, 155 
B. 4th St 

G^ldstela, Samael, Pres. 
Ahavath Achim Lodge No. 
126, L O. B. A. (79 Delancey 
St.), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1865 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1890. 
Reeelved general Jewish 
•dtication. Tailor: 42 E. 3d 
St Rear 56 B. Sd St 



Albert Kroger No. 600, meets 
at 209 E. B'way, on 1st and 
3d Mondays. Pres., Michael 
Aaronson, 537 Schenck Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, H. Ginsberg. 
203 E. B'way. 

Aaronson, Michael, Pres. 
Albert Kruger Lodge No. 
600, I. O. B. A. (209 E. 
B'way), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1879 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1894. 
Received general Jewish and 
secular education. Journal- 
ist: 185 E. B'way. Res.: 537 
Schenck Ave., B'klyn. 

Altruist No. 666, meets at 861 
E. 162nd St, on 2nd and 4tb 
Tuesdays. Pres., A. M. Bol- 
ter, 71 W. 116th St Sec'y. 
J. Levy, 675 E. 170th St 



Aflierlcaii ProvrewilTe No. B24, 

meets at 30 First St., on 1st 



Amtlpoler No. 445, meets at 52 
W. 119th St., on 2nd and 4th 
Thursdays. Prcs., L. Ool- 
embo, 1453 Madison Ave. 
Sec'y, D. Slonin. 52 W. 119th 
St 

Arjek Scluiplro No. 84, meets 
at 18 Manhattan Ave., 
B'klyn. on 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays. Pres., Jacob Strauss, 
6110 8d Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
B. MaflTSin, 161 Vermont 
Ave., B'klyn. 
Str««Mi» Jacob, Pres. Arjeh 



Ten 
In . 



and 3d Tuesdays. Pres., -g^. 



Ish 



;h Abraham Jabllnsky. 1857 

Washington Ave. Sec'y, M. "" 

Rosenfeld, 1752 Anthony 

Ave. 

B. Ap 
Asdrew J o k a ■ o a No. 110, £«, ] 

meets at 328 E. Houston St. 4^1i 

on 2nd and 4th Sundays. I^ai 

Pres., A. Belagh, 1410 Madi- B'k 

son Ave. Sec'y, M. Krauss, 134 

66 W. 115th St 



Baroi 

Del 

Tuc 

562 

Sec 

St 

Fel 

Lo<3 

Del 

Ter 

sia. 

Rec 

Rec 

fori 



Schapiro Lodge No. 64, I. O. VJ*" 

B. A. (18 Manhattan Ave., 
B'klyn): elcctod 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1872 in 



4th 
Dai 
St. 



ICOTDAL AID AOHKOIBS 



891 



I. T., N. T. Law School. 
District Attorney, N. 
•unty: 2S3 Broadway. 
t06 Henry St. 

w B'nal Israel If o. 406, 

at 680 B. 6th St., on 
nd 4th Saturdays. 

L. Leibowits, 56 Co- 
a St. Sec'y, B. Fried- 
S48 B. 4th St 

tiael Ifo. 8, meets at 257 
»U8ton St.* on 8nd and 
indays. Pres., Abraham 
r, 1609 2nd Are. Sec'y. 
flanover, 556 B'way. 

rser Arbelter No. S17, 

at 8 Ave. D., on 1st 
3rd Sundays. Pres., 
' Seizor, 1625 St. Johns 
rklyn. Sec'y, I. Klin- 
567 Fox St 

'r No. 778, meets at 106 
th St., on 2nd and 4th 
days. Pres., Isidore 
>t. 250 So. 2nd St.. 
1. Pres.. I. Weinstein. 
xffolk St. 

Ib No. 23, meets at 257 
>U8ton St., on Ist and 
indays. Pres., Philip 
bluth, 820 Beck St. 

H. Greenfeld, 64 W. 

St 

la J. Kllae No. S69, 

at 186 Osborn St., 
1, on 1st and 3d Wed- 
fs. Pres.. S. Oelbert. 
Bt Johns PI., B'klyn. 
M. J. Friedman. 254 
•tor Are,, B'klyn. 



BenJasUm Rotk, No. 5t0, meets 
at 160 B. 86th St on 2nd and 
4th Sundays. Pres., Helnrich 
Qotschalk. 960 2nd Ave. 
Sec'y, L. Brlangrer, 910 Jack- 
son Ave. 

Berdltekower No. 28^ meets 
at 100 Bssex St. on 2nd and 
4th Sundays. Pres., Morris 
Ochachter. 70 E. 112th St. 
Seo'y. H. Ooorman, 461 
Ralph Ave., Bklyn. 
Ockackter, Morris, Pres. 1st 
Berditchover Lod^e No. 282, 
I. O. B. A. (100 Bssex St), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1866 in Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1899. Received gren- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Mfgr. Children's and 
Infants' Cloaks: 50 W. 15th 
St Res.: 70 E. 112th St 

Berber No. 888, meets at 156 
Orchard St., on every Srd 
Sunday. Pres., M. B. Prjur- 
sky. 763 E. Market St. Sec'y, 
I. Poltrowits, 107 W. Water 
St. Elmira, N. Y. 

Bernard Rothberff No. 61 S, 

meets at 68 Pennsylvania 
Ave.. B'klyn.. on 2nd and 
4th Saturdays. Pres., Harry 
Apfel, 327 Pennsylv ania 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y. R. Lievy, 
173 Montauk Ave., B'klyn. 
Apfel, Harry, Pres. Bernard 
Rothber^ Lodgre 615, L O. B. 
A. (68 Pennsylvania Ave., 
Bklyn.). since 1916. Term 
6 months. Born 1885 in 
Austria. Came to U. S. 1897. 
Received collegre education. 
Physician. Res: 327 Penn- 
sylvania Ave., Bklyn. 



\ 



la 
Ch 



uruiiBurrKt siKniuna u •• 

Pres. Berthold Auerbach 

Lodire 41. I. O. B. A. (155 

P; E. 58th St.), elected 1917. 

Term 6 months. Born 1889 
In N. Y. Received high 
school education. Salesman. 
Res: 1057 Bryant Ave. 
Bronx. 

Betk Abraham No. 739* meets 
at 113 Bristol St., B'klyn on 
l8t and 3rd Saturdays. Pres., 
Barnet Wiener, 496 Hopkin- 
son Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, I. B»i 
Hurwltz, 653 Saratoga Ave.. 
B'klyn. 

Wiener. Barnet, Pres, Beth 
Abraham l^odgre No. 739, I. 
O. B. A. (113 Bristol St.. 
B'klyn). since 1909. Term 6 
months. Born 1875 In Rus- B*i 
sia. Came to U. S. 1904. Re- 
ceived sreneral Jewish edu- 
cation. Real estate. Res.: 
496 Hopklnson Ave., B'klyn. 

Betk Bl No. e29, meets at 953 

So. Blvd. on 1st and 3rd Sun- B*] 

days. Pres.. Morris Gisnet. 

843 Manida St. Sec'y.. H. i 

Hertzbergr. 782 Westchester 

Ave. 

Gimiet. MorrlH. Pres. Reth- 



M UTUAIi AID AGENOIBB 



898 



Sec'y. N. Gowlrtm, 109 Pula- 
ski St., B'klyn. 

BrcaeauiBer No. 418, meets at 
80 Clinton St. on 2nd and 
4th Saturdays. Pres., Oslas 
Ramras, S16 So. 5 th St.. 
B'klyn. Sec'y, M. Welnrlb, 
150 Marcy Ave., B'klyn. 
RMtiT*«S Oslaa, Pres. Brese- 
saner Lodsre No. 413. I. O. 
B. A. (82 Clinton St.); elec- 
ted 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1876 in Airttrla. Came 
to U. S. 1901. Received gene- 
ral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Jeweler: 186 Broome 
St, Res.: 316 So. 5th St.. 
B'klyn. 

Borosemower No. 716, meets at 
• 10 Ave. D on 2nd and 4th 
Saturdays. Pres., J. Seid- 
man, 865 Vermont St.. 
B'klyn. Sec'y, B. Feld ahull, 
18 Allen St. 

Brisker No. 662, meets at 79 
Delancey St. on 2nd and 4th 
Saturdays. Pres., Michael 
Fromm, 1049 Tinton Ave. 
Sec'y, R. Cherkass, 230 
Grand St. 

FromBi* MIckael, Pres. Bris- 
ker Lodge No. 682, I. O. B. 
A. (79 Delancey St.) ; elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1880 in Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1896. Received public 
school education. Res.: 1049 
Tinton Are. 

mvmmJL Ho. 409, meets at 483 
Tremont Ave. on Ist and 3d 
Mondays. Pres., Moses 
Osias, 872 Convent Ave. 



Sec'y, Philip Rusaro, 1S80 
Belmont Ave. 

Osias, Moses, Pres. Bronx 
LK>dsre No. 409. I. O. B. 

A. (483 Tremont Ave.); elec- 
ted 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1874 in Roumania. 
Came to U. S. 1900. Re- 
ceived degrrees of B. Lltt., 

B. S. and M. D. Physician. 
Res.: 372 Convent Ave. 

Brooklyn City No. 60, meets 
at 14 Graham Ave., B'klyn., 
on 1st and 3d Mondays. 
Pres., Henry Wolf, 62 Bck- 
ford St., B'klyn. Sec'y, J. 
Solotowsky, 49 Graham Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Wolf. Henry, Pres.. B'klyn 
City Lodgre No. 60, I. O. B. 
A. (14 Graham Ave., B'klyn) 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1869 in Hungary. Came 
to U. S. 1889. Received gren- 
eral education. Insurance: 
531 B'way. Res.: 62 Eck- 
ford St.. B'klyn. 

Brooklyn Protectlre No. 508, 

meets at 113 Moore St.. 
B'klyn, on 1st and 3rd Sat- 
urdays. Pres., Max Lubel- 
sky, 997 Flushingr Ave.. 
B'klyn. Sec'y. B. Mann. 92 
Walton St., B'klyn. 

Labelsky, Max, Pres. B'klyn 
Protective Lodge No. 608, I. 
O. B. A. (118 Moore St. 
B'klyn); elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1872 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1892. Re- 
ceived elementary educa- 
tion. F\irniture. Res.: 997 
Flushing Ave., B'klyn. 



MUTUAL AID A0EKCIB8 



895 



3. RecolTed general 

and secular educa- 

^ailor: 1S03 Surf Ave.. 

lee.: 2867 B. 17th St., 



1868 in Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1887. Received a public 
school education in Russia. 
Res.: 445 K 166th St. 



ith Mow ilM, meets at 
imbia St. on 1st and 
turdays. Pres., Mor- 
iinman, 58 Columbia 
K^y, U Kalisch, 297 
ton St. 

lltaii Ifo. 387> meets at 
i6th St. on 1st and 3rd 
sdays. Pres., Leo E. 
-ST. 69 E. 105th St. 
J. M. Ganz, 282 W. 
It 

No, 5e0, meets at 953 
rd. on 2nd and 4th 
idays. Pres., Otto 
n, 1202 Clay Ave. 
V. li. Weinbergr. 2110 
ve 

m. Otto, Pres., Cro- 
)dgre No. 560, I. O. B. 
So. Boulevard) : elec- 
7. Term 6 months. 
i80 in Austria. Came 
8. 1902. Attended 
lium. Salesman. Res.: 
ay Ave. 

Im BvkowUier Ladlen' 

, meets at 257 E. 
a St. on 2nd and 4 th 
B. Pros., Mary Pos- 
E. 166th St Sec'y, 
tein. 11 E. 108th St 
HarjTt Pres. Czerno- 
!ukowIner L a d 1 e s' 
No. 17, I. O. B. A. 
Houston St.): elected 
'era 4 months. Born 



Osemowits Bakowtecv Ifo. 70» 

meets at SO 1st St. on 1st 
and 3rd Mondays. Pres., 
Nathan Drosher, 958 Hoe 
Ave. Sec'y, M. Taylor, 405 
Claremont P'kway. 
Drosker, Natkan, Pres., Czer- 
nowitz Bukowiner Lodge 
No. 70, L O. B. A. (30 First 
St.), since 1915. Term 6 
months. Born 1870 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1888. 
Received collegre education. 
Printer: 163 E. B'way. Res.: 
958 Hoe Ave. 

Daniel ReiMonaii No. 7SS» 

meets at 289 E. 4th St on 
2nd and 4th Saturdays. Pres., 
Joseph Roth, 235 E. 10th St 
Sec'y, M. Relss, 522 E. Hous- 
ton St 

Daniel Webster No. 832, meets 
at Marcy and Park Aves., 
B'klyn, on 1st and 8rd Mon- 
days. Pres., Samuel Karp, 
249 Vernon Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, J. OreenbersT, 128 
Humboldt St, B'klyn. 

David Blnmentkal Ifo. 7U, 

meets at 100 W. 116th St 
on 1st and 3rd Wednesdays. 
Pres., L. Lltwor, 769 Tinton 
Ave. Sec'y, Edward Wllner, 
414 E. 85th St 

David Horodoker, No. C24» 

meets at 1861 Pitkin Ave.. 
B'klvn on Ist and 3rd Sun- 



Ch 



92 Columoia oi. uu «wia «.... 

4th Saturdays. Pres., Sam- 
R. uel W. Krautman. 758 Hop- 

In kinson Ave., B'klyn. Scc'y. l>] 

S. Goldrelch. 1332 5th Ave. 

Kmatman, Samael, W., Pres. 

Dobromller Lodgre No. 302, I. 

O. B. A. (92 Columbia St.). 

since 1916. Term 6 months. 

Born 1870 in Austria. Came 

to U. S. 1893. Received D. 

sreneral Jewish education. 

Res.: 758 Hopkinson Ave.. 

B'klyn. 

Dvw Adler No. 05, meets at 100 
Bssex St. on 1st and 3rd 
Tuesdays. Pres.. Isaac Buch- 
er. 63 B. 101st St. Scc'y. 
H. Gewirts, 859 Madison St. 
Backer, Isaac, Pres. Dr. Ad- 
ler Lodffe No. 95. 1. O. B. A. 
(100 Bssez St.), since 1911. 
Term 6 months. Born 1876 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1890. Res.: 53 E. lOlst St. 

Dr. BrauBSteln No. R72, mcots 
at 267 B. Houston St. on 1st 
and 8rd Saturdays. Pros.. 
Harry Thomashefsky, 256 
W. 23rd St. Scc'y. S. I.ap- 
pan, 1761 Bathjjato Ave. 



MirrUAL AID A0BNCIE8 



897 



and 4th Saturdays, 
[orris Kllosrman, 613 
: St., B'klyn. Sec'y. 
srofsky, 57t Schenck 
klyn. 
ui« Morris, Pres. 

Star LiOdflre No. 184. 
A. (639 Schenck Ave., 
; elected 1917. Term 
10. Born 1882 in Rus- 
me to U. S. 1899. Re- 
seneral Jewish and 
education. Laundry: 
wrport Ave.,« B'klyn. 
3 Hendrix St., B'klyn. 

York No. 489» meets 
Liberty Ave., B'klyn 
and 4th Wednesdays. 
:. Peldman, 1005 Sut- 
!., B'klyn. Sec'y. L. 
n. 606 Evergrreen 



■ No. 20, meets at 30 
St., on 1st and Srd 
I. Pres., D. Stein- 
Stanton St. Sec'y, 
Lederman, 58 Lee 
klyn. 

To. 12, meets at 107 
h St. on Ist and Srd 
lys. Pres., Harry 
128 W. 115th St. 
). Heumann, 251 Cy- 
.ve.. B'klyn. 

N e « m • B No. 120, 

It 100 W. 116th St. 
and 4th Thursdays, 
ax Weil, 768 B.«156th 
c'y, A. Perlmutter, 
156th St. 

lax* Pres. Emanuel 
I, Lodjre No. 180. I. 



p. B. A. (100 W. 116th St.). 
since 1916. Term 1 year. 
Born in Austria. Racaired 
greneral Jewish education. 
Mfgrr. leather goods : 800 <th 
Ave. Res.: 768 B. 156th St. 

Emanuel PIsko No. IS, meets 
at 205 E. 67th St. on Ist and 
8rd Thursdays. Pres., Sol- 
omon Charles P o 1 1 a k, 25 
Globe Ave., Jamaica, L. I. 
Sec'y. J. Roth, 1140 Clay 
Ave. 

P o 1 1 a k, Solomon Ckarlcs, 
Pres. Emanuel Pisko Lodge 
No. 13. I. O. B. A. (205 E. 
67th St.): elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1871 
In Austria. Came to U. S. 
1879. Received hlRh school 
education. Cigar Mfgr. Res.: 
25 Olobe Ave., Jamaica, L. I. 

EUnpire State No. 191. meets 
at 218 E. 2nd St. on 2nd and 
4th Sundays. Pres., Sam 
Schwartz, 61 Lewis St. Sec'y, 
W. Levnofsky, 853 Forest 
Ave. 

EotTOB No. 4, meets at 257 E. 
Houston St. on 1st and 8rd 
Mondays. Pres., David Oum- 
pel, 145 E. 97th St. Sec'y, 
Ignatz Oreenberger, 245 E. 
10th St. 

Gampel, David. Pres. Eotvos 
Lodge No. 4. T. O. B. A. (257 
E. Houston St.), since 1915. 
Term 6 months. Born 1847 
in Germany. Came to U. S. 
1882. Received general 
Jewish and secular educa- 
tion. Carpenter: 88 
Bleecker St. Res.: 145 B. 
97th St. 



Ri 



Bteln Lodtje No. 13*4, I. O. B. 

A. (30 E. 1st St.), since 1907. 

Term 6 months. Born 1872 
in in Russia. Came to U. S. 

Ch 1900. Received general Jew- 

I^ ish education. Res.: 496 E. 

139th St. 

Bqalty No. 558, meets at 217 
Court St., B'klyn on 2nd and 

— 4th Sundays. Pres., Benja- 
min Krauss, 199 President 

— St., B'klyn. Sec'y, H. Reich- 
man. 259 K 1 n gr s t.o n Ave. 
B'klyn. 

— K r • a ■ ■» Benjantln, Pres. 

Equity Lodi^c No. 558, I. O. 

— B. A. (217 Court St., B'klyn), 

since 1916. Term 6 months. 

_ Born 1882 in Hungrary. Came 

to U. S. 1884. Received de- 
grees of L. L. B. and L. L. 
" M. Lawyer: 233 Broadway. 

Res.: 199 President St., 
B'klyn. 

Bmte Dollnaer No. 240. meets 
at 214 E. 2nd St. on 1st and 
3rd Sundays. Pres., Prank 
Rubin, 244 E. 7th St. Sec'y. 
E. Dollnj^cr, 175 Rivlngton 
St. 




UUTUAh AID AGENCIES 



899 



er Ifo. iai» meets 
14th St. on 2nd 
uesdaya. Pret., 
mdler, 606 W. 
Jec'y. N. Lfieber- 
faiden Lane. 



St.), since 1916. Term 1 
year. Born 1873 in Austria. 
Came to U. S. 1904. Re- 
ceived general Jewish edu* 
cation. Res.: 219 B. 121st 
St 



w ■ e r No. 1163, 

Ave. A. on 1st 
iturdays. Pres., 
in, 116 Pulaski 

Sec'y, A. Stern- 

2nd St. 
ph, Pres. Brste 
•odgre No. 663. I. 
r Ave. A), since 

6 months. Born 
stria. Received 
wish education. 
1176 Bedford 
yn. Res.: 116 

B'klyn. 

trsyska No. 720, 
4 E. 2nd St., on 
Saturdays. Pres., 
hloss, 419 Sutter 
r'n. Sec'y, H. 

B. 4th St. 

adetaer No. 287, 

' St. Marks PI.. 
. 3d Saturdays, 
min Jacobowitz, 
1 St. Sec'y, L. 
262 E. 7th St. 

Isaer No. S89, 

Essex St., on 

Sundays. Pres., 

inblatt. 219 E. 

lec'y, M. Hersh- 

C. 110th St. 
Jacob, Pres. Er- 
sner Lodgre No. 
. A. (100 Essex 



Brste Poltawaer No. 07S, 
meets at 61 Humbolt St., 
B'klyn, on 1st and td Sat- 
urdays. Pres.. Jacob Rud- 
ermann, 477 Marcy Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, S. Levin, 286 
Wallabout St., B'klyn. 
R a de r m a B , Jaeob, Pres. 
Erste Poltawaer Lodgre No. 
578, L O. B. A. (51 Humboldt 
St., B'klyn), elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1879 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1903. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Knitter. Res.: 
477 Marcy Ave., B'klyn. 

Brote Seldlecer No. OOP, meets 
at 169 E. Houston St., on 
1st and 3d Saturdays. Pres., 
M. Kadish, 940 E. 173d St. 
Sec'y, M. Steinberflr, 1461 
Minford PI. 

Brste Stanlslaner No. 02, 

meets at 257 E. Houston St. 
on 2nd and 4th Sundays. 
Pres., Moses Sheir\> 601 E. 
139th St. Sec'y, B. Lindner. 
299 E. 3d St. 

Brste Stoliner No. 665, meets 
at 209 E. 2nd St. on 2nd 
and 4th Sundays. Pres., 
Morris M. Friedman, 740 E. 
149th St. Sec'y, M. Schai- 
man, 39 E. B'way. 
Friedman, Morrlii M., Pres. 
Erste Stoliner Lodge No. 



«.-x*rbtA OV> 



Bmte Tchemelltser No. 0} 

R: meets at 169 Rivin^^ton i 

^ on Ist and 3d Saturday 

Pres., Moses Ruidner. 1 
I- ChrystieSt. Secy. 

Floler, 128 Ludlow St. 

Rnldner, Moneii, Pres. Era 
Tchernelitser Lodgre No. 6i 

I. O. B. A. (159 Rivinffti 

St.), elected 1917. Term 

months. Born 1873 In Au 

trla. Came to U. S. 19C 
Received general Jewl: 
education. Furrier. Rei 
177 Chrystie St. 

" Brste Vaslnler, No. 582, mee 

at Marcy and Park Ave 
" B'klyn, on 2nd and 4th Sa 

urdays. Pres., Max Marl 

— owltz, 500 Marcy Avi 

B'klyn. Soc'y. J. Schwart 

^ 503 Howard Ave., B'klyn. 

BfarkowltB, Max, Pres. Ers 
Vasluier Loilfire No. .t>2. 
O. B. A. (Marcy and I'*ai 
Aves., B'klyn). elocled 191 
Term 6 months. Born IS 
In Ronmanla. Tame to 
S. 190.^. RC'Iv.mI u.-n. : 
.r«wish o.lTicM t ion. T.iiln 
i;. .'^ . .">'>!» M A ■>■ <- \ \ \ , 



mutuaij aid aobncies 



901 



man. 1863 Lexinff- 
8ec*y, J. Solomon, 
ipect Ave. 
, Samuel, Pres. Ex- 
odge No. SOS, I. O. 
!64 6th Ave. . since 
rm 6 months. Born 
Lussia» Came to U. 
Received hij?h 
nd Pharmaceutical 
ion. Pharmacist. 
S Lexingrton Ave. 



St., B'klyn. Sec'y. I. Cohen. 
29 Cook St.. B'klyn. 
Held, mmil. Pre*. First 
B'klyn Lodge No. '468, L O. 
B. A. (14 Graham Ave.; 
B'klyn), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1866 in Hun- 
gary. Came to U. S. 1886. 
Received general Jewish 
and secular education. Real 
estate and insurance. Res.: 
1870 63rd St.. B'klyn. 



. 189, meets at 106 

St., on 1st and 3d 

Pres., Alexander 

ei n , 314 Hart St., 

Sec'y, A. Augren- 

Water St.. Staple- 



First Fomchaner RonnuiBlan 

No. 547, meets at 106 
Forsyth St. on 1st and 8d 
Saturdays. Pres., H. Mil- 
stein, 870 Park Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, M. Laub, 178 B. 8nd 
St. / 



Levy, No. 5ft. meets 
ilancey St., on 1st 
Sundays. Pres., B. 
176 McKibben St., 
Sec. A. Hertz, 389 
t. 

der RonmanlaB No. 

ts at 106 Forsyth 
{nd and 4th Mon- 
res., A. Terdeman, 
en St. Sec'y, S. 
609 E. 136th St. 

ierablan No. T41, 

; 386 Van Sicklen 
lyn, on' 2nd and 4th 
B. Sec'y, J. Chalm- 
13 Jerome St.. 



klya No. 468, meets 

aham Ave., B'klyn. 

and 8rd Sundays. 

ail Held. 1870 63rd 



First HnaarariaB No. BT7» 

meets at 1622 1st Ave. on 
2nd and 4th Thursdays. 
Pres., Kalman Zoltan, 140 E. 
115th St. Sec'y, Joseph 
Perber, 512 B. 79th St. 
Zoltan Kalman, Pres. First 
Hunp^arian Lodpre No. 577, I. 
O. B. A. (1622 First Ave.) 
Term 6 months. Born 1885 
in Hungary. Came to U. S. 
1909. Received high school 
education. Res.: 140 E. 
115th St. 

First Jablonotrer No. 447, 

meets at 352 B. 8d St. on 
1st and 3d Saturdays. Pres., 
Seligr Fleisher. 352 E. 8d 
St. Sec'y, I. Leister. 625 B. 
5th St. 

Fleisher, Sells, Pres. First 
Jablonower Lodgre No. 477. 
L O. B. A. (362 E. 8d St.), 
elected 1917. Tern 6 



■ ^■^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


^H^^^^^^^^^^^i^^^^^m^^^^^l 




902 commpnaij 




monlha. Barn ISSt In Aus- 




tria. Came to U. 6. ISIO. 


meets at <> Pttt St. 


Received general Jewish 


and ad Haturdavi. 


and secular education. Tail- 


Max Ltchlensteln. It 


or: 16 B, S8111 St. Km.; Hi 


81, 8ec-y. U. Hlmme 


&. Id St. 


IBOO Park Ave 






Flral HikuJoItirr Mo. SM, 

moets at ee CUnlon St., on 


First Tarnopoler Lo< 

B78. 1. O. B. A. «» P 
since lUfi. Term,! 
Born In Hungarr. *<^ 
U. 8. 1909 Receive 
eral Jewlsti educi 
Mtgr. chlldrens t 


IsC and 3d Saturdajra. Pres.. 
M. Shuber, 166 Orchard Bl. 


Sec'y. J, Landau. 6S2 BecS- 
(ord Ave.. B'^lya. 




16 W. Houston 8C 1 


PKM MoroselKaer BessHrabU 




Mo. TM. meets at 2aS B. !nd 




St, on 1st and Sd Saturdays. 


rt»t WoTsUow No. 174 



PrcB,. Jacob Pat 
Tlh St. Scc'y. I 
610 E. 9th St. 



MUTUJLL AID AGENCIES 



90S 



Qreenberv, 91 Col- 
Bt. Sec'y, ▲. Fell- 
B. 111th St. 



». 463, meets at 1'46 
St, on 2nd and 4th 
ys. Prea., Joseph 
•er, 100 B. 7th St. 
. Schults, 128 B. 15th 



kf wwyjMf Pres« 
<r Fisher Bohorsch- 
dffe No. 463, L O. B. 

Suffolk St.), since 
erm 6 months. Born 

Austria. Came to 
)2. Received grener- 
Bh education. Fur- 
B. B'way. Res.: 200 
It. 

FashlMstoB Ifo. 60^ 

t 107 W. 116th St. 
and 4th Thursdays. 
Bidor Bill, 214 B. 
t. Sec'y, S. Lewin- 

E. 84th St 
dore» Prea. Qeorgre 
rton Lodere No. 60, 
V. (107 W. 116th St.). 
1917. Term 6 months. 
38 In Russia. Came 
S. 1905. Received 
1 Jewish education. 

ith. Res.: 214 B. 



Few York No. 173, 

. 403 Bushwlck Ave., 
on 2nd and 4th 
a Pres., Lazarus 
76 Morrell St.. 
Sec'y, Laxarus Hal- 
08 Hopkins St., 



Shaftel« Lasarss, Pres. Great- 
er N. Y. Lodfire No. 178, L O. 
B. A. (403 Bushwlck Ave., 
B'klyn), elected 1917. Terra 
6 months. Born 1866 In 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1889. 
Received greneral Jewish 
and secular e'd u c a 1 1 o n. 
Res.: 76 Morrell St., B'klyn. 

Greeapolnt No. 460, meets at 
767 Manhattan Ave., B'klsm, 
on 1st and 8d Sundays. 
Pres.. Solomon Henkin, 5209 
6th Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Abraham Bernfeld, 963 Man* 
hattan Ave., B'klyn. 
Henkin, Solomon, Pres. Green- 
point Lodgre No. 460, I. O. B. 
A. (767 Manhattan Ave., 
B'klyn), elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1870 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1899. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Builder. Res.: 
6209 6th Ave.. B'klyn. 

Grodeker No. 512, meets at 214 
E. 2nd St.. on 2nd and 4th 
Sundays. Pres., Max Pep- 
perman, 199 Powell St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y. I. Zimmer. 
169 Rivington St. 
Pepperman, Max, Pres. 
Grodeker Lodpre No. 612. 
I. O. B. A. (214 E. 2nd St.), 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1874 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1897. Received 
general education. Res.: 199 
Powell St., B'klyn. 

Hamilton No. 581, meets at 12 
St. Marks PI. on 1st and 3d 
Sundays. Pres.. Solomon 



— 1873 In Hungary. Came tc 

U. S. 19u0. Rccelvod publi" 
[^ school cduratiori. li*'?.: 12 

Ch Goerck St. 

^ Harlem No. 3», meets at E 

, 125th St. and Lexington Ave 

on 2nd & 4th Wednesdayi 
Pres.. B. Lefkowit*. 630 \^f 

174th St. Sec'y. S. Adlei 

1057 Hoe Ave. 

Harlem Proifre»«lve No. 57 

meets at 107 W. 116th St. o 

, iBt and 3d Saturdays. Pres 

Jacob B. Blumberg, 1^ 
Lenox Ave. Sec'y, J. Nev 
" , man. 115 E. 104th St. 

Blumberff, Jacob B.» Pre 
" Harlem Prog. Lodge No. 57 

I. O. B. A. (107 W. 116 
St.), since 1913. Term 
months. Born 1873 in Ru 
sla. Came to U. S. 181 
Received general J e w I e 
and secular e d u c a 1 1 o 
Tailor: 147 Lenox Ave. 

Uarrr Greenberic No. Si 

meets at 10 W. 114th St., 
1st and 3d Wcdnesda 




MUTUAL AID AGENCIES 



\m 



td 4th Wednesdays. 
Speer, 858 B'way. 
Lianger. 1126 Bush- 
.. B'klyn. 

I 

I 

' No. 15, meets at 
rks PI., on 2nd and 
lesdays. Pres., S. 
, 228 E.. 96th St. 
Kaufman, 1215 
1. 



I Bvkowiaa, No. 

I at 30 E. First St. 
.nd 8d Saturdays, 
phael J. Wolken- 
76 Belmont Ave. 
Multer. 761 Trln- 

elm, Raphael J., 

irzogrthum Buko- 
ge No. 277, I. O. B. 
. Ist St.), elected 
m 6 months. Born 
Dumania. Came to 
Received public 
lucation. Carpen- 
W. 28th St. Res.: 
lont Ave. 

•ael No. B67, meets 
. Houston St., on 
th Sundays. Pres., 
enber^, 1255 Brook 
y, S. Fleischer, 291 
•n St. 

r, Isaac, Pres. Hope 
L<odg:e No. 557. 
i. (210 E. Houston 
ted 1917. Term 6 
Born 1867 in Rus- 
ie to U. S. 1896. 
general Jewish 
air education. Res.: 
k Ave. 



Horodenker No. 472, meets at 
326 E. Houston St.. on 2nd 
and 4th Saturdays. Pres.. 
Charles Lehrer, 40 E. 7th St 
Sec'y. M. Lister, 306 E. 8th 
St. • ^ 

Lekrer, Charles, Pres. Horo- 
denker Lodge No. 472. I. O. 
B. A. (326 E. Houston St.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1884 in Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1913. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. 
Painter: 855 W. 40th St. 
Res.: 40 E. 7th St. 

II. and S. Felner No. 005, 

meets at 10 Ave. D., on 1st 
and 3d Sundays. Pres.. Jos- 
eph Hoeniff, 64 Pitt St. 
Sec'y. J. Schildkrant. 248 
Madison St. 

Hoenlgr, Joseph, Pres. Aus- 
trian - Hungrarian A n s h e 1 
S'phard (52 Cannon St.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Also Pres. of H. and S. 
Feiner Lodge No. 605, I. O. 
B. A. (10 Ave. D). Born 1876 
in Hungary. Came to U. S. 
1888. Received general Jew- 
ish and secular education. 
Mfgr. cigars. Res.: 64 Pitt 
St. 

Hudson River No. 151. meets 
at 100 W. 116th St.. on 1st 
and 3d Wednesdays. Pres., 
Samuel Weinberg, 176 El- 
drldge St. Sec'y, A. I. Mey- 
erson. 895 E. 156th St. 
Weinberg, Samuel. Pres. 
Hudson River Lodge No. 151. 
I. O. B. A. (100 W. 116th 
St.). Term 6 months. Born 




HamburKer, 188 7tb 
B'klyn. Sec'y. A. He 
■Isln, tt8 B, HouBton f 

HTBaa Katkaa Ho. S90, i 

•t >8 Forayth St., on 1d< 
4lh SundKya. Frea., 
NathAn, 1061) Boaton 1 
Sao')', J. Heyar, lie B. 



t If o. IBS, met 

Itl D. Honaton St., oi 
uid td Sundaya. Prea 
RoaeniwelK, 64 H. ISt 
Beo'T. M. PlaUner. lOt 



Bad. AMnlnui No. SIO, i 
at 81 rorarth SL, on la 
Id Tueadara. Pr««.. I 
Klaaalotr, 148 OrchaK 
Sao'y, H. Dreyfuaa, Bl 
Iiath St. 

KtoaelMt, DavU, Prea. 
American Lodge No. 
I. O. B. A. (TB Forayth 
Bince 1918. Term 8 mo 
Born 1MB In Ruaala. ( 
to tr. 8. 18ta. Pecelred 



ICUTUAL AID AGBNGIS8 



907 



S«c'y, g. KroU. S8 

lax* Pres. Borisoffer 
er Y. M. Lodgre No. 
B. A. (106 Forsyth 
;e 1916. Term < 
Born 1874 In Rus- 
me to U. S. 1886. 
general Jewish 
. Jtea.: 291 Chrls- 
ire., B'klyn. 

De lAttmm N«. 666, 

79 Forsyth St, on 
4th Saturdays, 
muel Jones, 18 W. 
Sec'y. J. Fisher, 
t St., B'klyn. 
■mnel, Pres. Ind. 

Iiittau Iiodffe No. 

B. A. (79 Forsyth 
ted 1917. Term 6 
Born 1862 In Rus- 
ae to U. S. 1889. 
public school edu- 
Insurance: Bible 
Res.: 18 W. llSth 



rer Ifo. 960^ meets 
syth St. on 2nd and 
1 r d a y 8. Pres., D. 
171 Home St. Sec'y, 
I, 1265 Brook Ave. 



No. 630, 

600 B. 172nd St. on 
Ith Mondays. Pres., 
Zenker, 3880 Park 
»c'y, S. Mencher. 
p Ave. 

Nathan, Pres. Ind. 
tater Lodi?e No. 520. 
. (600 E. 172nd St.). 
6. Term 6 months. 
( iff Austria. Came 



to U. S. 1906. Received ele- 
mentary education. Res. : 
3830 Park Ave. 

Ind. Dollaer, No. 618, meets at 
8 Ave. D. on 1st and Srd 
Saturdays. Pres., Morris 
Bine, 248 B. 3rd St Seo'y. 
J. Herman, 1261 Brook Ave. 
Bine Morris, Pres. Ind. Doli- 
ner Liodgre No. 618, I. O. B. 

A. (10 Ave. D): elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1880 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1892. Received general Jew- 
ish education. Res.: 248 B. 
3d St. 

lad. Interaatloaal No. 070, 

meets at 181 Osborn St, 
B'klyn on 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays. Pres., Samuel Wein- 
berg. 2168 Pitkin Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, I. Goodman, 
1929 Douglass St, B'klyn. 
WelaberiT* Samuel, Pres. Ind. 
International Lodg:e No. 679, 
I. O. B. A. (181 Osborn St., 
B'klyn), since 1916. Terra 
6 months. Born 1879 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1906. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Res.: 2168 Pitkin 
Ave., B'klyn. 

lad. Klnff Solomon No. 200, 

meets at 214 E. 2nd St. on 
1st and Srd Sundays. Pres., 
Adolph Lowy. 1386 3rd Ave. 
Sec'y, W. Becker, 168 B. 
Houston St. 

l«ow7, Adolph, Pres. Kins 
Solomon Lodgre No. 200, I. O. 

B. A. (214 E. 2nd St). Term 
6 months. Born 1860 in 
Hungary. Came to U. S. 
1885. Received general 



l&UTUAIi AID AOBNCnS 



909 



J. S. 1903. Re- 
eral Jewish edu- 
*B.: 216 E. 121st 



r No. 688* meets 
irose Ave., B'klyn 
1 4th Saturdays, 
amln Levltsky, 57 
;an Ave., B'klyn. 
.ck, 745 Lafayette 

Benjamlm, Pres. 

.wer Lodge No. 
, A. (106 Montrose 
yn), since 1916. 
mths. Born 1874 
Came to U. S. 
ved general Jew- 
tion. Merchant: 
tan Ave., B'klyn. 
Manhattan Ave.. 



iBd. Sokoroaer No. 73M» meots 
at 100 Essex St. on Ist and 
3rd Sundays. Pres., Samuel 
Malachowsky, 180 Attorney 
St Sec'y. S. Shapiro, 189 
Division St. 

Malaekowoky, Samuel, Pres. 
Ind. Sokoroner Lodgre No. 
724. I. O. B. A. (100 Essex 
St.): elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1883 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1911. Re- 
ceived general Jewish and 
seoular education. Carpen- 
ter. Res.: ISO Attorney St. 

Ind. StaBlsUmer No. 459, meets 
at 80 Clinton St. on 2nd and 
4th Mondays. Pres., Joseph 
Mistal, 1477 Fulton Ave. 
Sec'y, M. Seltzer, 71 Clinton 
St. 



No. 112, meets at 
h St. on 2nd and 
ly. Pres. L. Gold- 
)22 E. 86th St. 
Gottlieb, 1318 
St. 

No. 220, meets at 
uston St. on 1st 
Tuesdays. Pres., 
Wecker, 509 E. 
Sec'y, M. Burger, 
n Ave. 

>lomoB, Pres. Ind. 
flge No. 220, I. O. 
E. Houston St.), 
Term 6 months. 
) in Roumania. 
. S. 1900. Received 
ewlsh education, 
ng: 408 Bleecker 
509 B. 136th St. 



Ind. Stvwisfeer No. IIB, meets 
at 98 Forsyth St. on 2nd 
and 4th Saturdays. Pres., 
M. Goldstein, 810 E. 178th 
St. Sec'y, J. Horowlts, 568 
Wllloughby Ave., B'klyn. 

Ind. United Hebrew No. 4114, 

meets at 86 Attorney St. on 
2nd and 4th Sundays. Pres., 
Max Bach. 555 Grand St. 
Sec'y, D. Marcus, 169 E. 
102nd St. 

Bach, Max, Pres. Ind. United 
Hebrew Lodge No. 614, I. O. 
B. A. (86 Attorney St.), since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 
1878 in Austria. Came to U. 
S. 1899. Received high 
school education. Insurance: 
46 Bible House. Res.: 555 
Grand St. 



\ 



Becker, Simon, Pres. 

— Warschauer Lod^e No. 

I. O. B. A. (100 Essex 

R» elected 1917. Terr 

cJ months. Born 1865 in ] 

aia. Came to U. S. 1906. 
f- tended hlph school In ] 

. Bla. Laundry: 1435 Charl 

St. Res.: 1442 Charlotte 

— iMuie No. 43, meets at 29 

116th St. on Ist and 

— Thursdays. Pres., Alexj 

er Wohlgemuth. 68 E. i; 
St. 

— - Wohlflremnth, Alezan^ 

Pres. Isaac Lod^e No. 
^ I. O. B. A. (29 W. 115th 

since 1909. Born 1874 
__ Germany. Came to U 

1891. Received general J 

ish education. Monume 
^ Maspeth, L, I. Res.: 6S 

120th St. 

Isaac Tkumlm No. 583, m< 

at 10 Ave. D. on 1st and 
Saturdays. Pros., San 
G ruber, 24 Ludlow St. St 
A. Reiser. 1321 Foster A 
B'klyn. 



mjTUidi AID AaSNOQK 



9U 



t ff a r t • a No. 468> 
100 Bases St., on 
4 th Wednesdays, 
llliam Schleslngrer, 
binffton Ave. Sec'y, 
rten. 643 B'way.. 
tTp WUliaai* Pres. 
itgarten Lodge No. 
B. A. (100 Essex 
ted 1917. Term 6 
Born 1879 In Rus- 
ae to U. & 1903. 
general education, 
sind Oas Fixtures: 
ery. Res.: 3043 
on Ave. 

elMl Swerdlotr No. 

B at 3916 ISth Ave., 

1 1st and 3d Wed- 
Pres., Paul Bisen* 
B. 3d St. B'klyn. 

saacson, 658 B. 2nd 

n. 

er, meets at 209 E. 

on 2nd and 4th 

Pres., A. Berman, 

oik St. Sec'y. S. 

225 E. 6th St. 

Nevsckata, meets 
arsyth St., on 2nd 
Sundays. Pres., M. 
ts, 442 Vermont St.. 
Sec'y. F. Nacht, 229 



James A. Garfield N«. 16, 

meets at 257 B. Houston St., 
on 2nd and 4th Mondays. 
Pres., B. Berger, 299 B'way. 
Sec'y, M. S e 1 d m a n , 1890 
Crotona Parkway. 

Jaroslaner No. 21, meets at 257 
B. Houston St., on 2nd and 
4th Tuesdays. Pres., M. 
Shapiro. 81 E. 7th St. Sec'y. 
M. J. Dindas. 131 Division 
Ave., B'klyn. 

Jaslowltser Proflr. T. M. No. 
478, meets at 257 E. Houston 
St., on 2nd and 4th Satur- 
days. Pres.. Hyman Held, 
336 E. 78th St. Sec'y, S. 
Flohr. 128 Ludlow St 
Held, Hyman, Pres. Jaslow- 
Itzer Prog. Toung Men's 
Lodge No. 475, I. O. B. A. 
(257 E. Houston St.); elect- 
ed 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1877 in Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1902. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Win- 
dow cleaning. Res.: 836 E 
78th St 

Jehuda Horowlts No. 8S, meets 
at 223 E. 2nd St.. on 2nd and 
4th Saturdays. Pres.. A. Riff, 
800 E. 9th St Sec'y, I. 
Reicher. 292 E. 4th St 



ir. Sec'y, Joseph 
\ B. 7th St 

K 67<H meets at 30 
tigton St. Jamaica, 
and 4th Sundays, 
irry Fine, College 
L Sec'y, J. Silver, 
usko St., B'klyn. 



Jehadah Mesoblsk No. 

meets at 51 Hester St, on 
2nd and 4th Wednesdays. 
Pres., B. Silverman, 75 
Siegel St. B'klyn. Sec'y. M. 
Kaufman. 419^^ Cherry St 

Johann Jacobj No. 10, meets 
at 107 W. 116th St.. on 2nd 



94» 



KalMilB ElUabeth (Ladled) 
No. 3, meets Kt lOT W. llltk 

SL, on 2nd and 4tb Sundajra. 
Sec'y, ROBi Peppla, 148 W. 
141th SL 

KalMer Wrtma Joacvh Ha. Ik 

Diaeta at SST B. Houston St., 

oa 1st and Sd SKtnrdsya. 

•-ea., I. WelSB, S B. llth St. 

'y, LoulH Jacoby, SI W. 

SI. 

.Tifdilcb No. 31, maata 
-L 29 W. 116th SU, on Ut 
and Sd Sundays. Praa., 
Charles Rosenthal, 714 Tin- 
ton Ava. Sec'y. M. Kaplan, 
26 W. llSth St. 
Roiwiilhal, Charley Prea. 
Kalaer Frledrlch Lodga No, 
31, 1, O. a A. (£9 W. llttb 
St.). ■ince Iflie. Term 6 
months. Born 1«B0 In Oer- 
many. Came to U. S. In ISSl. 
Received Public School edu- 
cation. Butcher. 838 Hunts 
Point Ave, Res,: 7fi4 Tlnlon 
Ave, 

Kallscher Na. BB, meets at 101 
W. llGth St., an Snd and 4tb 
Mondays. Pres., A. ScoIT. 
13E E. nsth St. Bec'r. H. 
GoldberB, 331 Wyona St.. 
B'klyn. 

KiBva Coanty No. », meets at 



Confectioner. Res.: 54 Sum- Ind 

ntT Ave., B'klyn. p.m. 

2460 

KlBflT Saul No. ftl4, meets at Kroi 

521 Marcy Ave., B'klyn, on Oroi 

2nd and 4th Sundays. Fres., Oarl 

Max Shmerer, 112 Humboldt A. ( 

St., B'klyn. Sec'y. J. Wal- 1864 

koff, 121 Ellery St., B'klyn. U. S 

Sehmerer, Max, Pres. KinfT scbc 

Saul Lodsre No. 614. I. O. B. 7th 

A. (621 Marcy Ave., B'klyn) ; i 

elected 1917. Term 6 months. Ladr 

Born 1888 In Austria. Came 6, e 

to U. S. 1906. Received gen- St. 

eral Jewish and secular edu- day 

cation. Salesman. Res.: 112 Sch 

Humbolt St., B'klyn. Sec 

166 

KiBff SolomoB No. 19, meets at g^ 

214 E. 2nd St.. on 2nd and j^q, 

4th Saturdays. Sec'y, B. q. 

Gross, 246 E. 7th St. gi^ 



Koffoser No. ."HIT. meets at 522 
Stone Ave., B'klyn, on 2nd 
and 4th Tuesdays. Pres.. M. 
Kaspernlck, 829 New LiOts 
Rd., B'klyn. Sec'y, W. Gross, 
238 Wyona St.. B'klyn. 



Bo 
to 
ere 
811 



Lata 

W 

Kremenitser No. ."jOT. meets at "^^ 

80 Clinton St.. on 2nd and ^^ 

4th Sunday.s. Pros., I. Avis. ^' 

o„„.,. A se 



MUTUAL AID ACOBNCIBS 



915 



i. Sec'y. D. Bteckel- 
S8 Norfolk St. 
, laaac^ Pres. Lasar I. 
y Lrf>dffe No. 258. 
I. A. (30 E. l8t St.); 
1917. Term 6 months. 
874 in Russia. Came 
. 1892. Received pub- 
ool education. Live 
Res.: 11 So. 6th 
It. Vernon, N. T. 

Ifo. %4fT, meets at 83 
1 St., on 2nd and 4th 
idays. Pres., H. 
lum, 409 Rodney St.. 
Sec'y. L B. Bank, 28 
ey SL 

r. LoipreastetM IVo. B4, 

at 80 Clinton St., on 
1 4th Tuesdays. Pres., 
alik, 862 Bowery. 
Philip Blassbergr. 650 



dera Ifo. 718* meets at 
Houston St., on 2nd 
li Mondays. Pres.. 
Nochley, 66 Sutter 
3 • k 1 y n. Sec'y, M. 
r, 77 Ridfire St. 

dbervt Ifo. SS2» meets 
B. 2nd St. on 2nd and 
turdays. Pres., Leon 
rg, 97 E. 11th St. 
E. Dankbergr. 19 E. 

;l 

rm, Leoa* Pres. Leon 
:gr Lodere No. 552. 

A. (209 E. 2nd St.), 
916. Term 6 months. 
}63 in Austria. Came 

1892. Received gren- 
ucation. Real estate. 
7 B. 11th St. 



Ifo. 123$, meets at 100 
W. 116th St.. on 2nd and 4th 
Saturdays. Pres.. Julius 
Stofsky. 217 W. 108th St. 
Sec'y. J. Gladstone. 867 For- 
est Ave. 

StofUcr* Jviiiui» Prea. Lod- 
xer Lodffe No. 123, L O. B. A. 
(100 W. 116th St), elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1878 in Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1907. Received ereneral 
Jewish education. Ladies' 
tailor: 2786 B'way. Res.: 
217 W. 108th St. 



Lewis Fanner No. B09, meets 
at 1801 Pitkin Ave., B'klyn, 
on 1st and 3d Tuesdays. 
Sec'y, Lewis Parmer, 1494 
Eastern P'kway. B'klyn. 

Louis Fox No. 314, meets at 16 
Manhattan Ave., B'klyn, on 
1st and 3d Wednesdays. 
Pres., Rubin Cantor, 218 
Rutledgre St., B'klyn. Sec'y. 
Charles Crublner^ 194 Penn. 
St.. B'klyn. 

Liberty No. 27. meets at 205 
E. 67th St.. on 2nd and 4th 
Sundays. Pres.. Adolph 
Schwerin. 919 Whltlock Ave. 
Sec'y. H. Blum, 1414 Pros- 
pect Ave. 

Schiverlm, Adolph* Pres. Lib- 
erty Lodgre No. 27, I. O. B. A. 

(205 E. 67th St.). elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1866 in Hungary. Came to 
U. S. 1891. Received gren- 
eral Jewish education. 
Plumbing: 911 Freeman St. 
Res.: 919 Whitlock Ave. 




Heyman Lodgre No. 63 

I. O. B. A. (574 B'wa 

f^ B'klyn), since 1916. Ten 

Ch 6 months. Born 1883 in 1 

T. Received collegre educa 

tion. Lawyer: 280 B'wa: 

. — Res.: 677 Marcy Ave 

B'klyn. 

— IjooIs BeltMer No. 700^ meets s 

146 Suffolk SL, on Ist and S 

— Tuesdays. Pres.* Samu 

Weiss, 1479 89th St.. B'kly 
Seo'y» S. Laden, 126 Pitt St 
Weiss, Samuel, Pres. Lou 
Zeltner Lodgre No. 700, I. 

^ B. A. (145 Suffolk St.), elect* 

1917. Term 6 months. Bo 

1891 in Roumania. Came 

U. S. 1896. Received pub 
school education. Salesma 

" . Res.: 1479 39th St., B'klyn 

" LnneBfeld Zlocso^rer No, S 

meets at 17 Ave. A., on 2 

and 4th Sundays. Pres., 

Kats. 14'46 Fox St. Sec'y. 

Wachtelkonlgr* 1317 Frar 

lln Ave. 

Laner and "Wolper No. 

meot.M ;it lfi2 MadlRon St.. 
1st anri ^rd Siindnys. Pi 



MUTUAL AID AOENOIIS 



917 



Came to U. S. 
St. R«oelT«d veneral He- 
6W and secular education, 
irpenter: ttl 7 th Ave. 
M.: tits 8th Ave. 



Salset He. 4«» meets 

80 B. let St, on Snd and 

li Sundays. Pres., Isidore 

*ank, 100 Ave. D. Sec'y, 

Ullam Thau. 116 Broome 



months. Born 1881 In U. S. 
Received collegre and medi- 
cal education. Physician. 
Res.: 60 B. 118th St. 

New Yorker 8ekweat«rB 
(Ladles') no. S, meeU at 167 
B. Houston St» on Ind and 
4th Saturdays. Pres.» Mrs. 
J. Hollander. '464 B. 84th St. 
Sec'y, B. Lindner. 199 B. 8d 
St. 



lio. M4» meets at 
8 Bldrldffe St.. on 1st and 
Tuesdays. Pres., Moses 
Imanson, 1301 Hoe Ave. 
ic'y, M. Abrams. 649 
lickerbocker Ave.. B'klyn. 
Issaas^a, Moses, Pres. 
z Himmel Lodsre No. 694, 
), B. A. (133 Bldridffe St.). 
;e 1916. Term 6 months, 
n 1860 in Russia. Came 
r. S. 1890. Received sen- 
Jewish education. In- 
nce. Res.: 1801 Hoe 



I. Hollmnder No. 732. 

\ at 806 B. 07th St., on 
id 8d Sundays. Pres. 
lenfeld, 447 Powell St., 

. Sec'y H. Osterweill, 

\ Ave. 

irarts Ns. 100, meets 

B. Houston St., on 

4th Mondays. Pres., 

ollander. 60 E. 118th 

:'y. M. Keller, 800 

• 

r, Loals, Pres. Max 

Lod^e No. 100. 
V. (267 E. Houston 
'.ed 1917. Term 6 



M. Breltbart No. 99, meets at 
214 B. 2nd St., on Ind and 
4th Saturdays. Pres., Hy- 
man Buchbinder. 880 B. 4th 
St. Sec'y, A. Strysower, 74 
SherifE St. 

Bnehblader, H y ss a a, Prea 
M. Breitbart Lodve No. 99, 
I. O. B. A. (214 B. Ind St), 
elected 1917. Term months. 
Born 1870 in Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1901. Received 
ffeneral Jewish education. 
Tailor. Res.: 886 B. 4th St. 

I 
Mendel Mocher Sphorlm No. 

S51« meets at 176 B. B'way, 

on 2nd and 4th Sundays. 

Pres.. I. Ostirowsky. 188 B. 

12th St. Sec'y, A. Sadowsky, 

80 B. 7th St. 

MetropoUtaa No. 146, meets at 
98 Forsyth St., on 2nd and 
4th Saturdays. Pres., Ben- 
jamin Kaplan, 2069 Douff- 
las St., B'klyn. Sec'y, J. 
Horn, 970 Tlnton Ave. 
Kaplan, Benjamin. Pres. 
Metropolitan I^odffe No. 145, 
I. O. B. A. (98 Forsyth St.), 
since 1916. Torm 6 months. 
Born 1881 In Russia. Came 



meets at 14 Graham Ave., a*,., 

B'klyn, on Ist and 3d Sun- Rec 

days. Pres., Qeorge Leff* edu 

882 B'way, B'klyn. Sec'y, Res 
Georffe Fink, 121 Canal St. 

** MorrI 

MllBltBer Ho. 107* meets at at 

214 E. 2nd St., on 1st and and 

8d Sundays. Pres., Mark Hax 

Graff, 67 Ave. D. Sec'y, M. St. 

Holier, 848 Dawson St. 1111 

Graffs Mark, Pres. Milnltser L70 

Lodgre No. 107, I. O. B. A. Wl( 

(216 E. 2nd St.), since 1918. B. 

Term 6 months. Born 1871 sln« 

in Austria. Came to U. S. Boi 

1884. Attended public school. col' 

Corporation Inspector. Res.: 116 

67 Avenue D. St. 



Moaasterskji Pronr e— tvc No. Mosc 

769, meets at 223 E. 2nd St. 80 

on 2nd and 4th Saturdays. Su 

Pres., Mendel Simche Frus- be 

ter, 801 Hooper St., B'klyn. B. 

Sec'y, M. Safier, 163 Ave. B. Sp 

F r n ■ t e r , Meadcl Simche, cii 

Pres. Manasterska P r o er- B. 

Lodfire No. 769, I. O. B. A. 19 

(223 E. 2d St.), elected 1917. IS 

Term 6 months. Born 1868 U 

In Austria. Came to U. S. ei 

1900. Rerolved j;«noral Jew- 51 
'-^ 'wi.w.ntion. Rea.: 301 



MUTUAL AID A0BNGIE8 



919 



m No. 91, 
8 at 116 Manhattan 
3'kl3m, on 2nd and 4th 
lays. Pres., Samuel 
wits, 230 McKibben 
klyn. Sec'y, H. Jacob- 
c y , 6 8 Scholes St.. 
I. 

wits* Samuel, Pres. 
Mendelsohn Lodgre 
. I. O. B. A. ( 116 Man- 
i Ave., B'klyn), elected 
Term 6 months. Bom 
InHun^ary. Came to 
.896. Received greneral 
1. education. Res.: 230 
•ben St.. B'klyn. 

• 

Vo. 180, meets at 79 
zey St.. on 1st and 3d 
ys (2 P. M.). Pres.. 

Prever, 438 Ralph 
B'klyn. Sec'y, B. Dis- 
l Barrett St., B'klyn. 
r, Maale, Pres. Moses 

No. 180. I. O. B. A. 
>elancey St.), since 
Term 6 months. Born 
n Russia. Came to U. 
'1. Received greneral 
1 education. Dresses. 
138 Ralph Ave.. B'klyn. 

[ostcflore Ho, 7, meets 
W. 115th SL. on 3d 
ly. Pres., Jacob Mint- 
)1 S. 120th St. Sec'y. 
reus. 133 W. 140th St. 
*r, Jacob, Pres. Moses 
Bore Lodgre No. 7, 
!. A. (29 W. 115th St.). 
ted 1917. Term 6 
s. Born 1882 in Hou- 
Came to U. S. 1903. 
ed public school edu- 



cation. Buyer. Res.: tOl B. 
120th St. 



MottBt Camel No. 660, meets 
at 62 E. 106th St.. on Snd 
and 4th Sundays. Prea.. 
Morris Rehfeld, 433 E. 8Sd 
St Sec'y, H. Kirschner, 61 
B. 106th St. 

Rehfeld, Morria, Pres. Mount 
Carmel Lodgre No. 665, I. O. 
B. A. (62 E. 106th St.), since 
, 1916. Term 6 months. Bom 
1868 in Germany. Came to 
U. S. 1900. Received public 
school education. Cigrar- 
maker. Res.: 433 B. 83d SL 

Meant Hebroa No. 489, meets 
at 66 Clinton St.. on let 
and 3d Tuesdays. Pres., M. 
Bagransky, 47 2nd Ave. Sec'y. 
M. Levy, 60 So. 9 th St.. 
B'klyn. 

Meant Morris No. 269, meets 
at 27 W. 116th St.. on 2nd 
and 4th Thursday. Pres., 
Philip Levy. 1380 5th Ave. 
Sec'y, L Qoldfarb, 23 W 
114th St. 

M. Sperllngr No. 26S, meets at 
257 B. Houston St., on 2nd 
and 4th Saturdays. Pres., 
Samuel Sperlings, 461 Broome 
St. Sec'y, B. A. Keys. 278 
B. 10th SL 

M. IV. Brackeasteln No. 787, 

meets at 57 St. Marks PL. 
on 1st and 3d Mondays. 
Pres.. Samuel Latzer. 179 B. 
3rd St. Sec'y, L. Hochman, 
242 B. 9th St. 

Latser, Samael, Pres. M. W. 
Bruckenateln Lodge. No. 




Farm Dairy: 281 Broome S 
Res.: 179 E. 3rd St. 

Id 

Ch Nashelakji No. S45, meets at ! 

Clinton St., on 2nd and 41 

^ Sundays. Pres., Charl> 

. Rosen, 1778 Madison Av 

Sec'y, M. Levlne, 34 W. 116i 

St. 
— - Roses, Cbarles, Pres. Nasi 

elska Lodgre No. 845, I. 
B. A. (82 Clinton St.). sin 

1916. Term 6 months. Bo 

1868 In Russia. Came to 
__ S. 1872. Attended pub 

school. Tailor. Res.: 11 

Madison Ave. 

BfoTorldker No. 638, meets 

— 98 Forsyth St.. on 2nfl f 

4th Wednesdays. Pr 

— Jacob William Block, 

Marble Hill Ave. Sec'y. 
Lew, 213 Clinton St. 
Block, Jacob 'William, P 
Novorldkor Ix>d^^e No. 
T. O. B. A. (98 Forsyth J 
elected 1917. Terr 
months. Born 1877 In T 
sla. Came to U. S. 1 
GrndufttPd Law Sch 
liawyor; 13r> R r o m d \v 
Reg.: 2 Marble Hill Avo. 



MUTDAli AID AGENOdCB 



921 



Sec'y* M. Good- 
X St. 



No. 29, meets at 
St., on 2nd and 
B. Pres., Max J. 
4 Charlotte St. 
^fewhau8er, 910 

t J^ Pres., Oheb 
gre No. 29» L O. 
linton St.), since 
6 months. Born 
;rla. Came to U. 
ecelved ereneral 
ation. Salesman, 
harlotte SL 

K(5, meets at 161 
., on 1st and 8d 
Pres., H. Stein- 
rand St. Sec'y, 
Lewis St. 

SI, meets at 968 
n 2nd and 4th 

Pres., Harry 
ig, 1528 Bryant 

C. H. Kramer, 
8 Ave. 

iK, Harry, Pres. 
gre No. 661, I. O. 
So. Boulevard), 
Term 6 months. 
. U. S. Received 
hool education. 
Iryant Ave. 

rhood Ifo. 291, 

6 E. B'way. on 
diturdays. Pres., 
11 Broome St. 
ildkret, 287 Au- 



•he No. 288, meets 
St.. on 1st and 



8d Saturdays. Pres., Mr. 
MalMffott, 104 Pitt St 8m(fj, 
L. Gold, 182 Forsyth St. 

OsUui Horowlta No. 404^ meets 
at 198 E. 2nd St., on Snd and 
4 th Saturdays. Free., & 
Sherman, 168 Lenox Ave. 
Sec'y, M. Stechler, 68 W. 
116th St. 

Qslas Reiner No. 858» meets at 
80 E. 1st St., on 1st and 8d 
Tuesdays. Pres., Samuel 
R o s e m a n, 1704 77th St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, O. N. Rosen- 
thal, 314 Keap SL, B'klyn. 
R o 8 e m a B, Saamel, Pres. 
Osias Reiner Lodgre No. 663, 
L O. B. A. (30 E. 1st St.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1871 in Roumanla. 
Came to U. S. 1907. Received 
general Jewish and secular 
education. Drygroods. Res.: 
1704 77th St.. B'klyn. 

Ostroleaker No. 607, meets at 
686 Stone Ave., B'klyn, on 
1st and 3d Saturdays. Pres., 
Jacob Bronrott, 1866 DougT* 
las St., B'klyn. Sec'y. M. 
Teitler. 68 Chester St.. 
B'klyn. 

Bronrott, Jacob, Pres. Ostro- 
lenker Lodge No. 607, L O. 
B. A. (686 Stone Ave., 
B'klyn), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1879 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1906. Re- 
ceived general Jewish edu- 
cation. Res.: 1866 Dougrlas 
St., B'klyn. 

Ostrower No. 421, meets at 209 
E. B'way on 2nd and 4th 
Sundays. Pres., Jacob Weln- 



Dt. J.61BI ai. sec y, Im i^acn- 

artash, 4288 3d Ave. 

Greeabergr. David Wolf. 
[^ Pres. Ottinier Prog. Lodge 

:h No. 486, I. O. B. A. (79 Foi- 

. syth St.), since 1913. Term 

6 months. Born 1865 in 

— Atytria. Came to U. S. 1891. 1 

Received greneral Jewish < 

education. Res.: 785 E. 18l8t ' 

— St. 

— Ottyaler No. 490, meets at 267 Po 

B. Houston St., on 1st and { 

8d Sundays. Pres., Jacob i 

^- Oichman, 995 Union Ave. ^ 

Sec'y, M. Fuhr, 59 B. 117th S 

_ St. 8 

Glckmaa, Jacob, Pres. Otty- I 

nier Lodgre No. 430, I. O. B. S 

^ A. (267 E. Houston St.): I 

elected 1917. Term 6 months. e 

"' Born 1869 in Russia. Came I 

to U. S. 1900. Received gen- t 

- era! Jewish education. Res.: h 

996 Union Ave. e 

Osorkower No. 47, meets at Ph4 

257 E. Houston St.. on 2nd T 

and 4th Sundays. Pres.. Ben- T 

jamin Praskin. 1018 E. 163d 1< 

St. Sec'y, IT. Mayor, 93 Ave. L 
B. 

Prank In, nenjnmln. Pros. Pol 



MOTOAh AID AonranB 



•* ao^ meeti at 107 
St, OB 1st and td 
ru, Pres., Harris 
herg, 1264 Amstsr- 
u Sse'sr, I. Herts. 
Inirton Ave. 

h9rm* Havrls* Pres. 
IjOdffs No. SO, I. O. 
LOT W. 110th St.). 
9. Term tfonths. 
in Russia. Came 
800. Recelyed gen- 
:sh and secular edu- 
raUor: t070 B'way. 
4 Amsterdam Ave. 

md He. lli^ meets 
jenox Ave., on let 
dondaya Sec'y* M. 
2094 7th Ave. (Ho- 
»sa) 

er Bfe. 417* meets at 
iflTton St^ on let and 
lya Prea, Samuel 
240 B. 2nd St. SecTy. 
Ind, 000 Prospect 



e b» Samvel* Pres. 
ner liOdve. No. 417, 

A. (12S RiTlnffton 
cted 1017. Term t 

Bom 1877 in Aus- 
une to 0. S. 1807. 
1 hiflrh school edu- 
Palnter. Rea: 240 
It 

at Wllsea No. 674, 

182 mdrldire St, on 
I Sd Wednesdays, 
mnel Morsenhesser. 

St. John. Sec'y, I. 
I. 071 Cauldwell 



President Wilson Lod^e Na 
674. L O. R A. (188 Sldridora 
St.), since 1010. Tem 1 
year. Bom 1878 In Rosala. 
Came to U. B, 1001. Re- 
ceived general Jewish edu- 
cation. . Mfcr. Marabous: 80 
B. 9th St. Res.: 080 ATa. Bt 
John. 



Pride off B r eo k ly Na. 

meets at 1418 Fulton St., 
B'klyn. on 1st and Sd Sat- 
urdays. Pres., IC Byron, 
1060 Qreen Ava, BTUyn.* 
Sec'y. J. K a m e n o w, 804 
Brooklyn Ave. 

PHde eff Israel No. Stt, meets 
at 181 Osbom St, B'klyn. on 
1st and 8d Saturdays. Pres., 
Max Cohen, 146 Amity St.« 
B'klyn. Sec'y, D. Pawisky. 
1611 Pitkin Ave., B'klyn. 
Cohca, Mmi^ Pres. Pride of 
Israel Lod^e No. 642, I. O. 
B. A. (181 Osbom St., 
B'klyn), since 1916. Term 
6 months. Bom 1870 in 
Russia. Came to U. 8. 1886. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Tailor. Res.: 146 
Amity St, B'klyn. 

Pride off the North No. Idi^ 

meets at 76 Throop Are.. 
B'klyn. on 1st and Sd Sun- 
days. Prea, Oeorve H. 
ItUeman, 696 Willouvhby 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, A. Teit- 
elbaum, 84 Cook St, B'ldyn. 
IttlemsBt Georse WL, Prea 
Pride of the North LiOdir^ 
No. 149, I. O. B. A. (76 
Throop Ave.. B'klyn); elect- 
ed 1917. Term 6 montha 



Pride •! WUllUBSDiuv no. ami., 

meets at 403 Bushwlck Ave., 
B'klyn, on lat and Sd Sun- 
days. Pres., M. Herschhorn, 
814 Ralph Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, H. Graw, 106 McKlb- 
ben St., B'klyn. 

ProsrwMlTe ©1 B»kly« Wo. 74«, 

meets at 148 McKlbben St.. 
B'klyn. on Ist and 8d Sat- 
urdays. Pres., Louis Le- 
unln. 288 Wallabout St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y. J. Kaufman, 
169 Cook St., B'klyn. 

Progressive Yoim« Men Wo. 
•08, meets at 79 Delancey 
St, on 2nd and 4th Tues- 
days. Pres., Morris Plnkel- 
stein, 60 Tompkins Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, J. Dlston. 294 
Pulaski St., B'klyn. 

floeder Wow 24, meets at 214 E. 
2nd St., on 2nd and 4th Sat- 
urdays. Pres., David Slndel, 
372 Hooper St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
A. Lehrfeld, 66 B. 7th St. 
Slndel, David, Pres. Boeder 
Lodge No. 24, I. O. B. A. (214 
E. 2nd St.), since 1912. Term 
6 months. Born 1860 In Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1884. 
Pprfilvod erfm-r.'il Jewish 



mont 

man! 

Rece 

and 

nitui 

St. 

Prof. 

eas. 

St., 

Satu 

Koll 

B'kl 

628 

Koll 

Solo 

No. 

bold 

Ter: 

In : 

190J 

Ish 

Mf£ 

Flu 



W. 

Thi 

Pr€ 

E. 

St. 

Pr< 

res 

(15 



IfUTUAL AID AOBNOIES 



iO, meets at 261 
e., B*klyn, on 
Sundays. Pres., 
mmerman^ 809 
lyn. Sec'y, H. 
4814 6th Ave., 

B^aJaailB, Pres. 
)dee No. 335. 
(261 Prospect 
), since 1915. 
:hs. Born 1886 
Came to U. S. 
ved a college 
Lawyer: 50 
clyn. Res.: 309 
yn. 

138, meets at 

St.. on 2nd and 

Pres., Abra- 

iteln, 122 W. 

!c*y, A. Frank, 



I, meets at 79 
on 2nd and 4th 
Pres., Asher 
enry SL Sec'y, 
9 Tiffany SL 

293, meets at 

t., on 2nd and 
Pres., Lewis 

alle St. Sec'y. 

53 B. 8d St. 

, Pres. Prsem- 

^o. 293, I. O. B. 

n St.); elected 
months. Born 
Attended col- 

jr: 299 B'way. 

le St. 

Pastemalc No. 

146 Suffolk St.. 



on 2nd and 4 th Tuesdays. 
Pres., N. Abrams, 821 Hins- 
dale St., B'kl3m. Sec'y, H. 
BerkowiU, 4047 Hill Ave. 

Rabbi Jehnda Stem Bfo. 975, 

meets at 326 E. Houston St.. 
on 1st and 8d Mondays. 
Pres.. Louis Splrn, 1048 So. 
Blvd. Sec'y, William Schor, 
620 E. 6th St. 

Schiller Bfo. 17, meets at 257 
E. Houston St., on 1st and 
3d Mondays. Pres., Harry 
Wiesner. 644 E. 6th St Sec'y, 
A. Helfgrott, 696 W. 178th St 
IVlesner, Harry, Pres. Schil- 
ler Lodfire No. 17, I. O. B. A. 
(267 E. Houston St.); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1881 in Hungary. Came to 
U. S. 1899. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
644 E. 6th St 

Rabbi JochaaoB No. 144, meets 
at 106 Forsyth St., on 1st 
and 3d Saturdays. Pres.. 
Jacob Rabinowlta, 602 W. 
157th St. Sec'y. E. B. Gold, 
70 Orchard St 
Rablnowlts, Jacob, Pres. 
Rabbi Jochanon Lodgre No. 
144. I. O. B. A. (106 Forsyth 
St.), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1861 in Rus- 
sia. Came to IT. S. 1892. 
Received greneral Jewish 
education. Broker: 840 
B'way. Res.: 602 W. 167th 
St 

Sholom No. 26, meets at 69 W. 
125th St.. on Ist and Sd 
Tuesdays. Pres., Henry S. 



In 
Cb 



Tssi' in N. Y. Attended N. 
Y U Law School. Insur- 
ance: 299 B'way. Res.: 5103 ^ 
14th Ave.. B'klyn. 

Rabbi M. I. S«ckler No. 611. 

meets at 223 E. 2nd St .on 
let and 3d Wednesdays. 
- Pre... M. I. Sackler. 862 So. 

2nd St.. B'klyn. Sec y. W. 
_ Saldlnger. 182 Essex St. 

Rabbi Or«.tel« NO. 1©1, meets 
— at 5« orchard St.. on 2nd 

and 4th Sundays Pres.. 
I.rael Sllberklelte. 1067 
Jackson Ave. Sec y. A. 
Flelman. 21 Montgomery St. 

" Rad«nt> Bnkowma No. 481. 

meet, at 209 B. 2nd St. on 
2nd and 4th Tuesdays. Pres.. 
Joseph Mohr. 211 E. 103d St^ 

Sec'y. Charles Hn.pel. 950 

Union Ave. j„«*, 

Mobr. Josepb. Pre.. Radantz 

Bukowina No. 481. I- O- f: 
A. (209 E. 2nd St.); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1874 m Austria. Came to 
\ U. S. 1901. Received »en- 

I .^-i ani^ secular education. 



KUTUAIi AID AOBNOIBB 



927 



B. Pres., Louis Soil, 
St., Kklyn. Sec'y, 
filler, 189a Stock- 
J'klyn. 

!•• Pres. Republic 
. 42, I. O. B. A. (79 
St), elected 1917. 
ear. Born 1882 in 
L. Came to U. S. 
eived L.L.B. at law 
sawyer: 299 B'way. 
} 43d St, B'klyn. 

eraw <L«dle«') No. 

at 88 Forsyth St.. 
and 8d Mondays. 
Dlu^ts, 215 E. 6th 
', J. Jarmulowsky, 
Lve. 

AflierlcaB Ifo. 83, 

98 Forsyth St., on 
th Sundays^ Pres., 
kowitz, 846 E. 20th 
f, L. Nadler, 742 
kre. 

M, Ifl«ac» Pres. Rou- 
jnerican Lodgre No. 
B. A. (98 Forsyth 
ted 1917. Term 6 
Born 1868 in Rou- 
:ame to U. S. 1902. 
ff e n e r a 1 Jewish 
ar education. Res.: 
th St 

bach No 812, meets 
L Houston St., on 
'4th Saturdays, 
ais Salpeter, 303 E. 
Sec'y, L. OrlU, 732 

I^onls, Pres. Rubin 
Lodge No. 312, I. 
(257 B. Houston 

ted 1917. Term 6 



months. Born 1876 in Aus- 
tria. CUime to U. a 1907. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Musical instru- 
ments. Res.: 808 B. 8th St 

Racaishower No. 821, meets at 
79 Delancey St., on 1st and 
3d Sundays. Pres., Morris 
Warshafsky, 815 Hopkinson 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, L. Fein- , 
blum, 1666 Pitkin Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Warshawsky, Morris, Pres. 
Rzcsishower Lodge No. 521, 
L O. B. A. (79 Delancey St), 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1887 in Russia. (Tame 
to U. S. 1906. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Res.: 316 Hopkinson 
Ave., B'klyn. 



Sadagorer Latsker No. 

meets at 209 E. 2nd St, on 
1st and 3d Saturdays. Pres.. 
Morris Deretzky, 3854 8d 
Ave. Sec'y, S. Drucker, 308 
Delancey St. 

Deretsky, Morris, Pres. 
Sadagorer Lutzker Lodge 
No. 569, I. O. B. A. (209 E. 
2nd St), elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1882 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1906. 
Received general Jewish 
and secular education. 
Painter. Res.: 3854 3rd Ave. 

SaBhedrla No. 606, meets at 6 
Brooklyn Ave., B'klyn, on 
2nd and 4th Sundays. Pres., 
I. Marks, 271 Livingston St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, L C. Robin- 
son, 745 Lafayette Aye., 
B'klyn. 



rOMSrONAL REGISTER 



Bitoek (LadlFB') So. 
B Bt 2ET E:. HOUBtOQ 
at and 3d Sundays. 



Schnrasrodrr No. TM, meets Bt 



i. L. Brook Ko. 4111, mi 

214 E. Ina St., DD lit 
Sundays. Pros.. 
Shapiro. je5 B. Tth SL 
L, Benfl, IGI Stanton 
Nbaplra. Jacob, Pres. 
Brook LodEC. No. 41! 
B. A. t!H B. !d St ). 



1917. 



•nttis 



span. 62T E. 11th St. Sea'y, 
J. Fleishman. 129 Clinton St. 

». Hanbrn No. 410. meets at 
13G Rlvlngton St.. on Iflt 
and 8d Saturdays. Pros.. 



18S7 In N. T. Attends 
N. T. and N. T. U. L. 
2$1 B'way. Res.: KS 



B. iBt St., on 1st a 
Saturdays. Prea.. B. 

meyer, 26 W. 21th St. 
H. Wohl, 148 E. B*Wi 




KUraAL AID AGENCIES 



929 



74 Stimner Ave., 
3ec*y, D. Pfsetxner, 
th St. 

kljm So, 174, meets 
h Ave., .B'klyn, on 
d Sundays. Pres., 
imuels, 641 Court 
1. Sec'y, H. Oshln- 
5th St., B'klyn. 

Aaron, Pres. So. 

"Lodge No. 174, 
A. (830 7th Ave., 
since 1912. Term 
I. Bom 1868 In 
Tame to U. S. 1886. 

general Jewish 
. Furniture dealer, 

St., B'klyn. Res.: 

St., B'klyn. 

No. 664, meets at 
ve., on 2nd and 4th 
lys. Pres., W. Pol- 
. 98th St. Sec'y, J. 
S E. 72nd St. 

D. 252, meets at 98 
>t., on 1st and 8rd 
.ys. Pres., Jacob 
, 104 Sumner Ave. 
iec'y, M. Kleinman, 
day PI. 

eld, Jacob, Pres. 

Lodsre No. 262, I. 

(98 Forsyth St.), 

19 17. Term 6 

Born 1875 In Hus- 

le to U. S. 1904. 

general Jewish 

lar education. Of- 

ture: 51 Broad St. 

Sumner Ave., 



Miller ' BTo. 745, 

209 E. 2nd St., on 



2nd and 4th Sundays. Pres.. 
Morris Landbergr, 941 Sutter 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec*y, L. Gross, 
267 E. 3rd St. 

Laadbcrff, Morris, Pres. 
Stanislauer Miller Lodgre 
No. 746, I. O. B. A (207 E. 
2nd St.), elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Bom 1884 in 
Austria. Came to IT. S. 1909. 
Received general education. 
Tinsmith: 189 Chrystle St. 
Res.: 941 Sutter Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Star of Brooklya No. 660, 

meets at 14 Graham Ave., 
B'klyn, on 2nd and 4th Mon- 
days. Pres., Morris J. Solo- 
mon, 867 De Kalb Avenue, 
B'klyn. Sec'y, W. Cohen, 
100 Stockton St., B'klyn. 
Solomon, Morris J., Pres. 
Star of B'klyn Lodge No. 
580, I. O. B. A. (14 Graham 
Ave., B'klyn), elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1891 
in Roumania. Came to U. 
S. 1902. Received thorough 
secular education. Law 
clerk: 170 Broadway. Res.: 
867 DeKalb Ave.. B'klyn. 

Star of Israel No. Ill, meets 
at 145 E. 68th St., on 2nd 
and 4th Thursdays. Pres., 
Philip Bologh, 2025 Madison 
Ave. Sec'y, S. Tomback, 451 
E. 140th St. 

Bologh, Philip, Pres. Star of 
Israel Lodge No. Ill, T. O. B. 
A. (145 E. 68th St.). elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1876 In Hungary. Came to 
U. S. 1892. Attended Cooper 
Union. Res.: 2025 Madison 
Ave. 



930 COUHUNAL 

Staroblaer Ho. WtS, mesta at 
81 Forsyth Bt, on Sod mni 
4th Saturdays. Pres.. Sam- 
uel SchwadelBon, TS Rutgar* 
Slip. Sec'y, B. Kaplan, 14S0 
WaahlDftan Ave. 
aekiradeliMB, Sam, P r e a . 
Slaroblner X^dRe No. ETG. I. 
O. B. A. (81 Forajrth Bt.), 
since 1913. Term 8 mODtha. 
Born 18T6 In Ruaila. Came 
to U. S. ISDS. Received sen- 
eral Jewish and secular 
education, Metals. Res.: TS 
Rutgers Slip. 

Stcplacf Lerr !■■■« No. M8, 

meets at SSI Watklna Bt., 

B'klyn, on 1st and 3rd Sat- 
Pres.. Morris En- 
5*9 Powell St., 
B'ltlyn. Sec'y. D. Kolodny, 
376 Saratoga Ave.. B'ldyn, 
EDErlnnn, Morris. Prea 



Tonk Zakow No. II 
at II Bt. Hkrica P 
and )rd Wedaeada 
Benjamin Bockaer 
folk Bt. Bec'y, Ad. , 
Tl Suffolk BL 



TU, meets at 110 B 
St.. oo Znd and 4 
days. Prea., Bllas 
dea, IIT Norrolk 1 
I. Schachter. T08 ] 

Trembowler Achli 
Lodge. No. Ill, I. 
(tlO B. Houston I 
1916.' Term 8 mon 
18«S In f 






IS97. 



»ocul; 




MUTUAL AID AOENOIBB 



931 



Saturdays. Prea.. Bf. Blren- 
banin, 48 B. 104th St. Sec'y, 
C WechaelfeldU 68 Lewis St. 

VBtte4 BoTimoM No. 84» meeU 
at 79 Delancey St., on Snd 
Md 4th Sundays. P r e s . , 
Jacob Saalofsky, 94 W. 
llCth*St. Sec'y. Bf. Oelles. 
89 Eldrtdfire St. 

Valted FrieMda No. 742, meets 
At 190 Stone Ave., B'klyn, 
on l8t and 8rd Saturdays. 
Pres., I. Horowitz, 837 
Snedlker Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y. 
M. Hoffman. 811 Powell St., 
B'klyn. 

Vatted Independent No. 978, 
meets at 214 E. 2nd St., on 
l>t and 8rd Sundays, 3 P.M. 
Pret., Benjamin Appel, 636 
E- Bth St. Sec'y A. Baer. 666 
I>mnont Ave., B'klyn. 

Vaited Stntco No. 142, meets 
•t 10 B. 1st St., on 1st and 
*fd Wednesdays. P r e s . , 
Nahan L Kahan, 936 Hoe 
Ave. Sec'y, J. Rubloff. 283 
8o. 1st St., B'klyn. 
Ktkan, Natkaa I., Pros. 
tTnlted States Lodffe No. 142. 
I- 0. B. A. (80 B. 1st St.), 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Bom 1891 in Russia. Came 
to U. a 1911. Received high 
whool education. Wall pa- 
per: 67S Jackson Ave. Res.: 
986 Hoe Ave. 

Vafrenal Proirrese No. 298, 
meets at 88 Clinton St., on 
Sad and 4th Tuesdays. Pres., 
Hyman Ii. Oneen, 1646 43rd 



St., B'klyn. Sec'y, J. Gold- 
ner, 688 16th St., B'klyn. 

Oneen, Hynuin L., Pres. Uni- 
versa! Prog-. LK>dge No. 298. 
L O. B. A. (82 Clinton St.). 
since 1916.- Term 6 months. 
Born 1867 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1896. Received 
g'eneral Jewish and secular 
education. Insurance: 1646 
48rd St., B'klyn. 

Ver«lnl8rte Brilder No. 126, 

meets. at 73 Ludlow St., on 
1st and 3rd Bfondaiys. Pres., 
Aaron Nathanson, 611 Je- 
rome St.. B'klyn. Sec'y, I. 
Kraskln. 136 W. 116th St. 

Nathanson, Aaron, Pres. 
Verelnigte BrUder L o d s e 
No. 126. I. O. B. A, (73 Lud- 
low St.). elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 186'4 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1892. 
Received Public School edu- 
cation. Vests. Res.: 611 
Jerome St.. B'klyn. 

William Flshman No. 519. 

meets at 79 Delancey St., on 
1st and 3rd Sundays. Pres.. 
Marcus Breltschneider, 238 
Broadway, Bayonne, N. J. 
Sec'y. H. L Roeden, 836 
Beck St. 

Breltschneider, M a r e a a , 

Pres. Wm. Fishman Lodge 
No. 519. I. O. B. A. (79 De- 
lancey St.). since 1916. Term 
6 months. Born 1878 in 
Austria. Came to U. S. 1906. 
Received hig^h school edu- 
cation. Dry goods: 239 
B'way, Bayonne, N. J. Res.: 
238 B'way. Bayonne. N. J. 



Rt 



Wm. Fleisher LK)affe i^o. u 

128. I. O. B. A. (214 E. 2nd 8: 

St.). since 1915. Term 6 S< 

in months. Born 1869 in Aus- S 

Cfa trla. Came to U. S. 1887. B 

Received public school edu- 11 

cation. Salesman. Res.: 71 1( 

E. 116th St. A 

T 

William J. GmjuoT IVo. B2S, ii 

meets at 61 Qraham Aye., 1 

B'klyn. on 1st and Srd Sun- it 

days. Pres., Samuel Farber, C 

S5S Sheffield Ave., B'klyn. I 
Sec'y, L. Samuelson, 890 

Flushing Ave., B'klyn. Wl 

Farbcr* Samael, Pres. Wm. 1 

J. Oaynor Lod^e No. 623, c 

I. O. B. A. (61 Graham Ave.. I 

B'klyn), since 1916. Term 6 I 

months. Born 1889 in Rus- 1 

sia. Came to U. S. 1906. { 
Received ireneral Jewish 

education. Painter. Res.: ^^ 
S6S Sheffield Ave., B'klyn. 



4.^ 



William Selirelber No. C28, 

meets at 79 Delancey St., on 
Ist and Srd Tuesdays. Pres.. 
Jacob Asrowitz. 97 Stanton 
St. Sec'y, L. Klpness, 27 St. 
Marks PL 

Anro^-ltE, Jnoob, Prfs. Wm 

«..v,.-*.nw.r I.o.li:^* No. »VJS. 



J 



KXTTCTlIi AID AOBNODBS 



93d 



term No. 86» meets at 
. Houston St., on Ist 
'd Mondays. Pres., 
Oottlleb, 882 E. Srd 
ec'y» S. Hoshsler, 346 
nson Ave., B'klyn. 

eb, Jacob* Pres. Wolf 
LiOdflre No. 86, I. O. 

(257 E. Houston St). 

1917. Term 6 months. 

1874 in Austria. Came 
S. 1893. Contractor: 

tan ton St Res.: 882 

St 

eTda No. 747f meets at 
dlow St Pres., Gutter 
B, 444 New Jersey Ave., 
1. Sec'y, N. Brevda, 84 
cey St 

e. Gutter, Pres. Yale 
a Lodffe No. 747, I. O. 
(78 Ludlow St), elect- 
117. Term 6 months. 
1877 in Finland. Came 

5. 1893. Received pub- 
hool education. Cloth- 
L46 Nassau St Res.: 
ew Jersey Ave., B'klyn. 

V No. 723» meets at 161 
>n St, on 2nd and 4th 
days. Pres., Saul Back- 
959 Myrtle Ave., 
a. Sec'y, L. Gatzuk, 
I. 6th St 

itelia, Sanl, Pres. Yan- 
Lod^e No. 723, I. O. B. 
11 Cninton St), elected 
Term 6 months. Born 
In Russia. Came to U. 

06. Received greneral 
tlon. Principal of He- 
School. Res.: 959 Myr- 
ve.. B'klyn. 



Torkville No. 500, meets at 160 
E. 86th St., on 2nd and 4th 
Thursdays. Pres., S. S. Kohn, 
1668 2nd Ave. Sec'y, O. 
Nettle, 424 E. 77th St 

Yoanir Friends^ No. 147, meets 
at 1757 Pitkin Ave., B'klyn, 
on 2nd and 4th Mondays. 
Pres., Isaac Frank, 1807 E. 
N. Y. Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y. B. 
S. Glassberg:, 1654 Eastern 
Parkway, B'klyn. 
Frank, Isaac, Pres. Youn? 
Friends' Lodge No. 147, L O. 
B. A. (1757 Pitkin Ave., 
B'klyn), elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1866 in U. 
S. Received public school 
education. Cap't Police: 2 
Liberty Ave., B'klyn. Res.: 
1307 East New York Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Youns Liberty No. 471, meets 
at 10 Ave. D.. on 2nd and 4th 
Tuesdays. Pres., David En- 
gel. 734 E. 6th St Sec'y, J. 
Brown, 287 E. 7th St 

Enirel, David, Pres. Young 
Liberty Lodge No. 471, I. O. 
B. A. (10 Ave. D.)> since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 
1871 In Hungary. Came to 
U. S. 1889. Received general 
Jewish and secular educa- 
tion. Res.: 734 E. 6th St. 

Zolotslter No. 356, meets at 77 
Delancey St., on let and 3rd 
Saturdays. Pres., Louis 
Mordkowltz, 78 E. 115th St 
Sec'y. L. Friedman, 333 Mad- 
ison St. 

MordkowitB, Louis, Pres. 
Zolotziter Lodge No. 356, I. 



t: 



Zltomlr No. 640, meets at 80 t 

^ Clinton St., on 2nd and 4th 1 

]„ Sundays. Pres., Benjamin I 

Cb Rosman, 216 E. 96th St. 

« Sec'y, A. Saposnik, 186 De- Zai 

lancey St. ^ 

— ' RosBum, Benjamlii, P r e s . 

Zltomlr Lod^e No. 640. I. O. 

B. A. (80 Clinton St.), elect- 

— ed 1917. Term 6 months. 

Born 1876 In Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1906. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Res.: 216 E. 96th St. 

Zenltli No. 740, meets at 67 St. 
__ Marks Pi., on 1st and 3rd 

Wednesdays. Prcs., Abraham 



935 
[ndependent Order BMth 8hoioin 

510-12 Fifth St., Pbiladelphia, Pa. 

[CERS: Grand Master* Louis S. Rabinsohn, 617 

St., Philadelphia, Pa. Sec'y, Martin O. liCry, 612 S. 

Philadelphia, Pa. Established 1906. Incorporated 

BERSHIP: Total number of lodges in U. S„ 378. 
r of lodges In N. Y. C, 88. Total membership in 
2,596. Members in N. T. C, 16,000. Average cost 
'. members, |16 per annum. 

BFITS: Insurance against death ranging from 
I to 1600.00. Insurance against disability, 1260.00 
.00. 

:VITIES: Takes active interest in Jewish questions, 
id to charities. Issues a monthly paper, "The B'rith 
News.*' 



LODGES IN NEW YORK CITY 



KUMeUrtelB No. 225, 

at 107 W. 116th St. 
»t and 8rd Mondays. 

Samuel Cherkas, 68 
h St, Sec'y, B. Free- 

2935 W. 30th St., 
1. 

M, Samuel, Pres. Aaron 
stein Lodge No. 225. I. 
S. (107 W. 116th St.), 
1915. Term 6 months. 
1890 in Russia. Came 
S. 1907. Received Law 
I education. Lawyer: 
assau St. Res.: 68 E. 

oik No. 266, meets at 
loore St., B'klyn on 
id 4th Sundays. Pres., 
anofsky, 108 Debevoise 
rklyn. Sec'y, Harry 
126 Lewis Ave.. 



Janofsky, Sam, Pres. A. B. 
Volk Lodge No. 266, I. O. B. 
S. (103 Moore St., B'klyn); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1874 In Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1904. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Res.: 
105 Debevoise St., B'klyn. 

Abraham Hechler No. 68, 

meets at 159 Rivington St. 
on 2nd and '4th Saturdays. 
Pres.. Isaac Zankel, 59 E. 7th 
St. Sec'y, D. Godfrled. 185 
Rivington St. 

Zankel, Isaac, Pres. Abra- 
ham Hechler Lodge No. 68, 
L O. B. S. (159 Rivington St.) ; 
elected 1917. Term 6 months 
Born 1871 in Austria. Came 
to U. S. 1900. Received 
general Jewish education. 
Belts: 424 B'way. Res.: 59 
E. 7th St. 



COltltUNAL 



meeta at 81 B. IMth St. on 
Ind BQd <ith Bundara. Prea., 
Morria Bralntn. IGTE Uadl- 
■on Ave. Setfr. Henry Uar- 
rtion, SST So. Blvd. 
BralBlM. HbttIb, Pre*. Abrk- 
bam Lincoln LodKB No. 197. 
I. O. B. B. <tt B. lOttb. at.). 
■Ince 1>14. Term 1 year. 
Born ISGS Id RuBsla. Came 
to U. S. 1904. RacelTed gen- 
eral Jawiah education. Res.; 
IGTB Madlaon Ave. 

MUlcT No. SSS,meeta 
121 Bavemeyer St., B'klyn 
1st and Srd Tuesday*. 

■B., Isaac Herllns, £02 So. 
1 St., B'klyn. Sec'y, B. 



education. Inaur 
7J Pennaytv 
B'klyn. Boa. : 
Ave., B'klyn. 



4 th Tueadaya. I 
Oardner, II I C 
Sec'7. SMSuel : 
Union Ave. 



ba Bger liodsa 
B. 8. <100 W. 
alnce Itll. Ten 
Bora KtG In Rua 
U. S. 18ID. Rece 
Jewllb educatlo: 




MUTUAL AID AOKNOnB 



987 



I Russia. Game to U. S. 
LecelTed ireneral Jew- 
ucatlon. Tailor: 107 
4th St Ros.: 9. B. 

St 

him No. 8S7» meets at 
rth St. every 4th Sat- 
y. Pres., Benjamin 
an. 820 Linden Ave., 
Sec'y, Simon Grau- 
184 Claremont Park- 
am, Beajaaya, Pres. 
}chba Lodsre No. 367, 
t. & (44 E. 7th St.). 
914. Term 6 months. 
881 In Russia. Came 
S. 1890. Graduated 
chool. Lawyer: 181 
St. Re8.( 320 Linden 
fklyn. 

er of Brooklyn No. 

ets at 181 Osborn St.. 
on 2nd and 4th Sun- 
Pres., Koppel Stivel- 

4 5 4 Georgria Ave.. 
Sec'y, J. Pisaref- 
I Chester St., B'klyn. 
an, Koppel, Pres. 
ider of Brooklyn 
^o. 293, LO. B. S. (181 

St, B'klyn); elected 
Term 6 months. Born 

Russia. Came to U. 
Received general 

and secular educa- 
Jeweler. Res.: '454 
. Ave., B'klyn. 

mer No. SIS, meeta 
ve. D on 1st and 3rd 
ys. Pres.. Hyman 
» So. 3rd St., B'klyn. 
Morris Warner, 124 
St. 



Rotk, Hymaa* Pres. Blaly- 
kammer Lod^e No. 815, I. 

0. B. S. (10 Ave. D); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
1871 in Austria, (^me to 
U. S. 1888. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. 
Cloaks: 132 Hester St 
Res.: 59 S. 3rd St, B'klyn. 

B'aal EUleser No. 277, meets 
at 118 Moore St, B'klyn on 
1st and 8rd Sundays. Pres., 
Samuel' R. Wachstock, 868 
Kosciusko St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
S. Stein, 124 Wallabout St, 
B'klyn. 

Wachstock, Samvel R., Pres. 

B'nai Eliezer Lodgre No. 277, 

1. O. B. S. (lis Moore St, 
B'klyn); elected 1917. Term 
6 months. Born 1878 1 n 
Austria. Came to U. S. 1889. 
Received general Jewish 
and secular education. Res.: 
358 Kosciusko St.. B'klyn. 

BHskcr No. 337, meets at 79 
Forsyth St on 2nd and '4th 
Sundays. Pres., S. Stapky* 
764 Cauldwell Ave. Sec'y, 
Morris Dreyfus, 518 E. 189th 
St 

Brooklyn City No. SSI, meets 
at 574 B'way, B'klyn on 
2nd and 4th Sundays. Pres., 
S. Wasserman. 1522 Sterling 
PI., B'klyn. Sec'y, A. A. 
Sachs, 1493 Park PI., B'klyn. 

Brooklyn KInK David No. 209, 

meets at 115 Manhattan 
Ave., B'klyn on 2nd and 
4th Saturdays. Pres., M. 



— ■ days. 

j{.^ ronHtantlne Rltaaver No. 211, 

In meets at 143 McKibben St. 

^^ on 2nd and 4th Saturdays. 

1 Pres., S. Parness, 61 Varet 

St., B'klyn. Sec'y, Samuel 
■ Schreibfeder. 1769 Park 

PI., B'klyn. 

— Dnvld Rockawcr No. 214, 

meets at '408 Bushwick Ave., 
. B'klyn on Ist and 3rd Mon- 

days. Pres., Herbert B. 
Sussman, 196 Ralph Ave., 

B'klyn. Sec'y, Samuel Relss, 

203 Moore St., B'klyn. 

Samimaii, Herbert B^ Pres. 

David Rackawer Lodf^c No. 
214. I. O. B. S. (403 Bu8h- 
wlck Ave., B'klyn); elected 
1917. Term 6 months. Born 
" 1881 In Austria. Came to 

U. S. 1898. Attended nipht 
school. Clothing:: 127 Varet 
St., B'klyn. Res.: 196 Ralph 
Ave., B'klyn. 

Dr. Schechter No. 92, meets 
at 86 Forsyth St., on 1st and 
3rd Tuesdays. Pros., Dr. 
Charles Braunstein, 946 
Simpson St. S<c'y, Jiillii.^ 
K.iblnowltz, 4S.'> ('liir«'rn'>rit 




MUTUAL AID A0BN0IB8 



989 



r, S a ■» V e 1» Pres. 

Lubacxower Lodffe 

I. O. B. d. (81 Colum- 

1, since 1916. Term 

ihs. Bom 1866 In 

Came to U. S. 1886. 

d public school edu- 

Chiropodist. Res. : 

116th St. 

»tclieTcv No. 268, 

it 17 Ave. A on let 
d Sundays. ■' Pres., 
achs, 1614 Washinff- 
. Sec'y» S. Schmider, 
rth St. 
SaiiT» Pres. Erste 
ver Lodere No. 268, 
J. S. (17 Ave. A); 
1917. Term 6 months. 
71 in Austria. Came 
1903. Received pub- 
}1 education in Aus- 
utter and eg'ffs: 326 
ch St. Res.: 1614 
rton Ave. 

286, meets at 73 
St. on 2nd and 4th 
lays. Pres., Hsrman 
h. 8 B. 113th St. 
arry Knoll, 99 Clln- 

h» HynuuB, Pres. Ez- 
e No. 265, L O. B. 
Ludlow St.), since 
3rm 6 months. Born 
Russia. Came to U. 
Received general 
and secular educa- 
isrars. Res.: 8. E. 



K. Llppe No. 348, 

106 Forsyth St. on 

)rd Tuesdays. Pres., 

iberff. 166 Bldridsre 



St Seo'y, & Albrecht, 67 
2nd St. 

First Ind. Pistymer No. 210, 

meets at 209 2nd Ave., on 
2nd and 4th Sundays. Pres., 
Israel Feisrer, 400 So. 6th St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Jacob Fuchs, 
246 Eldridffe St. 
Felirer, Israel, Pres. First 
Ind. Pistyner Lodfire No. 210, 
I. O. B. S. (209 2nd Ave.), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1889 in Austria. Re- 
ceived public school educa- 
tion. Contractor. Res.: 400 
S. 6th St.. B'klyn. 

First Kopycslnser Y. M. No. 

262, meets at 257 E. Houston 
St.. on 1st and 8rd Mondays. 
Pres., M. Scomowfsky, 382 
6th Ave. Sec'y, N o c h e s t 
Fuchs. 384 E. 4th St. 

First Letltshever No. 224, 

meets at 206 E. B'way on 
2nd and 4th Sundays. Pres., 
Samuel Seldman, 1518 East- 
ern P'kway. B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Morris K a u fT m a n, 419% 
Cherry St. 

Seldman, Samael, Pres. First 
Letltshever Lodgre No. 224. 
I. O. B. S. (206 E. B'way), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1868 in Russia. C:ame 
to U. S. 1898. Received edu- 
cation at Russian Gymna- 
sium. Silk and cotton 
groods: 455 Howard Ave., 
B'klyn. Res.: 1518 Eastern 
Parkway, B'klyn. 

First Mlhailener No. 288, 

meets at 106 Forsyth St., on 
Ist and 3rd Sundays. Pres., 



COHHTTNAIi RBOISTeR 



Louis Regenatralch, 201 So. 

2nd St., B'klyn, Sec'y, Israel 
WaEserman, llBl St. Marks 
Ave., B'klyn. 

RvKPnatmick, LonlB, Pre a., 
First MlhuUcner Lodge No. 
iS!, 1. O. B. 3. {106 Foraytli 
at.), since 1918. Term 6 
months. Born IMSI In Rou- 
manla. Came to U. S. 1901. 
Received gcnrBl Jwlah and 
scular education. Wholeaale 
confectionery: Z02 S. 2nd St.. 
B'klyn. ne.f.; 201 S. 2na St... 
Bklyn. 

Flnt Sarokrr BriHarablaB No. 

on 1st and 3rd Sundays, 



KOM No. 338, meets 
Eldrldse St., on tnd i 
Monday a. Prea.. Si 
troff. 4*7 Claremonl 
way. Sec'y, Mai Bai 
67 E. 104th St. 
OnroB, Sam. Prea. Tl 
Warahowt^r I. M. Ba 
IiOdEe No. 33B. I. O. E 
Bldrld^e St.). elect! 
Term 6 months. Bo 
In Russia. Came t 
1100. Beceivcd Benat 
Ish and secular ed 




MUTDAL AID AfflCNCOBB 



Ml 



S. (9 Montgomery 
:e 1911. Term 6 

Bom 1672 In Rus- 
ne to U. & 1904. 

general Jewish 
lar education. Deal- 
aU. Res.: 9 Pitt St. 

andtrerker No. 82S, 

62 E. 4th St., on Ist 
Thursdays. Pres.. 
eiffer, 810 Blake 
lyn. Sec'y, A. Hur- 
it Aye. 

acob, Pres. Oalatzer 
ker Lodfire No. 823. 
S. (62 E. 4th St.)» 
917. Term 6 months. 
172 in Roumania. 
U. S. 1901. Re- 
ablic school educa- 
m.: 810 Blake Ave., 



No. 223. I. O. B. 8. (106 For- 
syth St.), since 1916. Term 
6 months. Born 1888 in 
Roumania. Came to U. S. 
1906. Res.: 207 Eldridffe St. 



Ike BsteraiaB No. 103, meets 
at 116 Manhattan Aye., 
B'klyn, on 1st and 8rd Sun- 
days. Pres., Gabriel -Con- 
stant. 17 Whipple St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, M. S. Shapiro. 
20 Teneyck St., B'klyn. 

Constant. Gabriel, Pres. Ike 
Esterman Lodgre No. 108, 
I. O. B. S. (115 Manhattan 
Ave., B'klyn). elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1879 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1905. Received sroneral 
Jewish education. Painter. 
Ros.: 17 Whipple St., B'klyn. 



. 249, meets at 94 
St., on Ist and 3rd 
s. Pres., Louis 
167 2nd Ave^ Sec'y, 
Solodowshney, 269 
St., B'klyn. 

obs No. IM, meets 
New Port Ave., 
•n 1st and 8rd Sun- 
res., Joseph Weln- 
Chester St.. B'klyn. 
seph Tenebaum, 291 
St., B'klyn. 

Ronmanla No. 223, 

106 Forsyth St.. on 
1 4th Thursdays. 
>rrls Moscowitz, 207 
St. Sec'y, S. Al- 
9 E. 2nd St. 
ta, Morris. Pres. 
r Roumania Lodgre 



Ind. Ahavath Achlm No. 274, 

meets at 1458 E. N. Y. Ave.. 
B'klyn, on 1st and 8rd Sat- 
urdays. Pres., Aaron Fin- 
kelstein. 115 Sutter Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y. S. Wladovsky, 
212 Sutter Ave., B'klyn. 

FInkelstcIn, Aaron, Pres. Ind. 
Ahawath Achim Lodgro No. 
274. I. O. B. S. (1468 E. N. Y. 
Ave., B'klyn). elected 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1877 
In Russia. Came to U. S. 
1906. Attended nigrht school. 
Building contractor. Res.: 
115 Sutter Ave., B'klyn. 

Ind. ChemoTltB Podollcl No. 
310, meets at 62 E. 4th St.. 
on Ist and 3rd Sundays. 
Pres., H. Steinberg:. 8 3 2 
Dawson St. Sec'y. Hyman 
Steinberg:, 694 B. 184th St 



St. 

Arkel, Harrx, Pres. Ind. 

ChernigovtT Lodpo No. 287. 

1^' I. O. B. S. (276 E. Houston 

Ch St.). elected 1917. Term 6 

. months. Born 1875 in Rus- 

sia. Came to U. S. 1904. 

- — Received general Jewish 

and secular education. 
Clothing: 97 W. Jackson 

— Ave., Corona. L. I. 

Ind. Dr. HermaB Adler No. 

2H0p meets at 634 Sutter 

Ave., B'klyn, on 1st and 3rd 
>- Saturdays. Pres., Max 

Shumer, 737 Stone Ave., 
^ B'klyn. Sec'y, I. Perlman, 

412 Powell St., B'klyn. 

__ Slivmer, Max, Prea. Dr. Her- 

man Adler I^odge No. 2S0, I. 
O. B. S. (684 Sutter Ave., 

"^ B'klyn), elected 1917. Term 

6 months. Born 1869 in Rus- 

' ' sia. Came to IT. S. 1901. 

Received greneral Jewish 
education. Cloaks: 138 
Qreene St. Res.: 737 Stone 
Ave., B'klyn. 

Ind. Koranllaver No. 270. 

m«'<'ts at .?02 I^rlmor St.. 
B'klyn, on 2nfl and 4th Siin- 
(l;ivs. I't< s . Jl.irrv I >. (]n\ ■ 



MUTUAL AID AeSNCIBB 



$43 



ve., B'klyn. Sec'y, I. 
388 Alabama Atc. 

L o V 1 ■ » Free. Ind. 
^er Lod^e No. 245, I. 
3. (76 Throop Ave.. 
, elected 1917. Term 
18. Born 1883 in Aus- 
:;ame to U. S. 1892. 
d g'eneral Jewish and 
education. Tailor. 
!56 D e K a 1 b Ave., 



ivel Kata No. 

t 169 EI. Houston St, 
md 3rd Wednesdays. 
I. Feinman, 21 1st 
iec'y, Joseph S. «Sal- 
134 E. 96th St. 

rlflrer No. 297» meets 
)rsyth St., on 2nd and 
idays. Pres., Phillip 
rg, 511 Stone Ave., 
Seo'y, B. Horowitz, 
md St., )3*klyn. 

rm» PUUlp, Pres. Ind. 
?r Lod^e No. 257. I. O. 
>8 Forsyth St), since 
'erm 6 months. Born 
Russia. Came to U. 
Received general 
education. Res.: 511 
Ive., B'kljm. 

■ter No. 290, meets at 
iCIbben St.. B'klyn, on 
1 4th Sundays. Pres.. 
mer. 190 Floyd St., 
Sec'y. M. Ipp, 29 
1 Ave., B'klyn. 

tug Men** No. 351, 

at 181 Osborn St. 
on let and 3rd Tues- 



days. Pres., Isidor Herman, 
1661 B. N. Y. Ave., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, Samuel Weisblatt, 107 
Rockaway Ave., B'klyn. 
Hcraiaii, laldor, Pres. Ind. 
Youn? Men's Lodfire No. 851, 
I. O. B. S. (181 Osborn St, 
B'klyn), since 1915. Term 6 
months. Born 1888 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1906. 
Received sreneral Jewish 
and secular education. 
Plumber. Res.: 1661 B. N. Y. 
Ave., B'klyn. ^ 



lorodlschever Koraener No. 

3412, meets at 82 Clinton St, 
on 1st and 3rd Mondays. 
Pres., P. Dashepsky, 1428 
Pitkin Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y. 
Sam Krakowitz, 1377 Frank- 
lin Ave. 

Isaac Roaenthal No. 313, meets 
at 77 Delancey St., on let 
and 3rd Mondays. Pres., 
Abraham Ornsteln, 671 
Johnson Ave. Sec'y, M. 
Eichel, 516 W. 184th St 
Ornsteln, Abraham, Pres. 
Isaac Rbsenthal Lodsa No. 
313. I. O. B. S. (77 Delancey 
St), elected 1917. Term 6 
months. Born 1870 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1903. 
Received grencral Jewish 
education. Res.: 671 John- 
son Ave., B'klyn. 

Inraellte Baranovcr Ho, 243, 

meets at 10 Ave. D., on 2nd 
and 4th Sundays. Pres., 
Hyman Gluck, 135 Ave. C. 
Sec'y, Max Karpf, 134 Can- 
non St. 

Glnck, Hyman, Pres. Israel- 
ite Baranover Lod^e No. 243. 



Jacob Aaerbach No. 291, me 

at 30 E. 1st St., on Ist c 
?* Srd Sundays. Pres., Ma 

Ch Harris, 1406 Vyse A 

Sec'y, J. Mohnblatt. 1 
*• Lion^fellow Ave. 

• — Harris, Mails, Pres. Jai 

Auerbach Lodge No. 291 
O. B. S. (80 E. 1st S 

— elected 1917. Term 6 monl 

Born 187S in Roumai 

— Came to U. S. 1900. Atte 

ed public school. D r t 
Goods: 115 Eldrldge 

— Res.: 1406 Vyse Ave. 

— Jacob Carllnirer No. 287, mt 

at 62 E. 106th St. on 
__ and Srd Tuesdays. Pi 

Abraham Sorkin, 1447 Mi 
son Ave. Sec'y, M. St< 
" ler. 68 W. 116th St. 

Sorkla, Abraham, Pres. 

" cob Carllngrer Lodf^e 

287. 1. O. B. S. (62 K. 1 
St.); elected 1917. I 
1876 In Russia. Came 
U. S. 1907. Received gen 
Jewish education. Stat 
ery and clprars. Res.: 
Madison Ave. 



MUTUAL AID AOBNCOBB 



M6 



I«Mor«w Pres. 
ler Lodsre No. 886, 
L (86 Attorney 8t). 
2. Term 6 months. 
7 in Rueeia. Came 
1894. Received ele- 

echool education. 

Recu: 864 Myrtle 
:lyn. 

miaetaer No. 883, 

t 182 Eflsex St. on 
d 4 th Saturdays. 
OQon Sternberg. 475 
St. Sec'y, Jacob 
'g, 331 B. 6th St. 

g, Simon* Free. Ko- 
ilnetzer Lodgre No. 
). B. S. (132 Essex 
ice 1909. Term 6 
Born 1852 in Aus- 
ame to U. S. 1884. 
I greneral education. 
41 Bleecker St. 
; Barbey St., B'klyn. 

a No. 273, meets at 
le Ave., B'klyn on 
8rd Wednesdays, 
lac Vatnevitch,.1995 
St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
Rothman, 995 East- 
kway. B'klyn. 
rch, Isaac, Pres. L. 

Lod^e No. 273, I. O. 
(390 Stone Ave., 

since 1915. Term 
bs. Born 1869 In 

Came to U. S. 1882. 
1 general Jewish 
iilar education. Real 
%es.: 1995 Fulton St., 



ir No. 261, meets at 
ncey St. on 2nd and 



4th Sundays. Pres., Benjar 
mln Bloomenfeld, 444 (?lar«- 
mont Parkway. Sec'y, 8. 
Frankel, 38 W. 114th St. 

Bloomeafeld, BeaJamlB* Pres. 
Letitchever Lodge No. 261, I. 
O. B. S. (77 Delancey St.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1877 in Russia (^me 
to U. S. 1902. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Laundry. Res.: 444 
(Hafemont Parkway. 

Lord Swaythllnir No. 248, meets 
at 98 Forsyth St. on 2nd 
and 4th Saturdays. Pres.. 
Benjamin Schleifer, 85 E. 
107th St. Sec'y, I. Haskol. 
1547 So. Blvd. 

Louis Damassek No. 282, meets 
at 214 E. 2nd St. on 2nd and 
4th Wednesdays. Pres.. 
Leopold Preiser. 740 E. 6th 
St. Sec'y, H. Wohl. 148 E. 
B'way. 

Preiser, Leopold, Pres. Louis 
Damaszek Lodge No. 292. I. 
O. B. S. (214 E. 2nd St.); 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1868 In Hungary. Came 
to U. S. 1888. Attended 
high school. Auctioneer: 
276 E. Houston St. Res.: 740 
E. 5th St. 

Louis D. Brandels No. 1S4,* 

meets at 143 McKibben St., 
B'klyn on 2nd and 4th 
Thursdays. Pres., I. Peters, 
795 DeKalb Ave.. B'klyn. 
Sec'y. Daniel Gordon, 839 
Stockton St.. B'klyn. 
Peter«, I., Pres. Louis D. 
Brandels Lodge No. 164, I. O. 



CaUGIlVIUll. «a.i»~ 

795 DeKalb Ave., B'klyn. 

Loaf* SolomoB No. 316, meets 
at 14S McKlbbin St. on 2nd 
and 4th Tuesdays. Pres., J. 
Klsselman, S44 Rockaway 
Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, Jacob 
Letwen, 146 Floyd St., 
B'klyn. 

Lf^dTer Pr# gffi Te No. SS6. 

meets at 174 B. Houston St. 
on Ist and Srd Saturdays. 
Pres.f Herman Shernen. 6 W. 
114th St. Sec'y, Israel 
Traester, 810 B. 9th St. 

Skeraea, HemuiB, Pres. Loe- 
Iver ProfiT. Lodgre No. 336, I. 
O. B. S. (174 B. Houston 
St.). since 1911. Term 6 
months. Born 1868 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U: S. 1902. Re- 
ceived public school educa- 
tion. Engineer: 64 E. 11th 
St Res.: 6 W. 114th St. 

Htosm MeBdclssohB No. 28S, 

meets at 143 McKibbin St.. 
2nd and 4th Sundays. 



S26 

and 
Sami 
John 
Sami 
lay i 



Olesi 
O. B. 
sinc< 
Borr 
to U 
eral 
But< 
Ave 

Osear 

at : 
and 
Lev 
Ave 
155 

Paul 

at 
on 
Pr< 
• So. 
Ch 
kli 



MUTUAU AID AOXNCnS 



j)47 



III9 Gardaevt meet* at 
linton St. on 1st and 
Wednesdays at 80 Clin- 
It. Pres., Wolf Jacobs, 
iffolk St. Sec'y, Berel 
acher, 214 Forsyth St 

m. Wolf; Pres. Dr. 
> Gardner Lodsre. I. O. 
(82 Clinton St); elect- 
117. Term B months. 
1873 in Russia. Came 
S. 1918. Received sen- 
Tewish education. Res.: 
ffolk St 

mtW9 Bmrmtjmew No. 142, 

at 79 B. 116th St on 

id 8rd Mondays. Pres.. 

Qlatser, 684 Tlnton 

Sec*y, Adolph Gold- 

r, 849 Beck St 

^r, LfOnla* Pres. Progr. 
yner Lod^e No. 1*42, I. 
a (79 B. 116th St), 
1913. Term 6 months. 
1872 in Austria. Came 
S. 1904. Received 
U Jewish education. 
'. Res.: 684 Tinton Ave. 

rtTc Skwercr No. 197, 

at 80 Cninton S., on 
id 4th Sundays. Pres.. 
toffman, 91 Wayne St, 
I VilU^e, U I. Sec'y. 
slman. 826 E. 101st St. 

SBt Smm^ Pres. Progr- 
er Lodere No. 197 I. o. 
80 (ninton St); elect- 
17. Term 6 months. 
L878 in Rufsia. Came 
L 1906. Received gren- 
iwish education. Tail- 
>a.: 91 Wayne St. Mld- 
Uasre, Ll I. 



Rabbi NaftaU Horowlta No. 
S42, meets at 826 B. Hous- 
ton St on 1st and Srd 
Thursdays. Pres., N. Bim- 
baum, 620 Central Ave., Jer- 
sey City, N. J. Sec'y, Nathan 
Cohen, 674 B. 6th St 



Ronaala Gaaiel Clicoed No. 
99S, meets at 98 Forsyth 9t 
on 2nd and 4th Sundays. 
Pres., Abraham I. Msncher. 
12 B. 97th St Sec'y, Jacob 
Tater, 864 Intervale Ave. 

. Meacber, Abrabaai I., Pres. 
Roumania G a m e 1 (Thesed 
Lodgre No. 308. I. O. B. 8. (98 
Forsyth St), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Bom 1878 
in Roumania. C^me to U. 
S. 1900. Received flreneral 
Jewish and secular educa- 
tion. Engraver. Res.: 12 
E. 97th St 

Royal No, 198, meets at 79 
Forsyth St on 2nd and 4th 
Sunday^. Pres.. Jacob Mar- 
tin, 272 10th Ave. Sec'y, 
Samuel Warren, 180 So. Srd 
St, B'klyn. 

MartlB, Jacob, Pres. Royal 
Lodge No. 198, I. O. B'. S. 
(79 Forsyth St), since 1917. 
Term 6 months. Born 1869 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1892. Received greneral edu- 
cation. Tailor. Res.: 272 
10th Ave. 

Rubmevitmer No. 341, meets at 
162 Madison St. on 2nd and 
4th Saturdays. Pres., Harris 
Horowitz, 148 Sumner Ave., 
B'klyn. Sec'y, Max Wolln- 
sky. 91 Henry St 



COMMUNAL REOISTEB 



Horonlta, Harrln, Frea. Ru- 
bievltzcr Lodee No. 311, I. 
O. B. S. (ie2 MudlBon St.), 
aince 1908, Term 6 months. 
Born ISSO In I^uaala. Came 
to U, S. 1837. Received pub- 
He school education. Res.: 
148 Sumner Ave., B'klyn. 

Samuel Goldateln No. afts. 

meeta at 1S33 lat Ave. oa 
lal and 3rd SundBye. Prei., 
A. Stern, 70 W. 106th St. 
Sec'y. B. Alter. IS W. lllth 
St. 



B'klyn. 



at 106 Forsyth SL 
Hnd 4th Sundays. 
Harry Janovsky, Xt 
hope St., B'klyn. J 
Oold, 49 Morton, St, 
Jaavfak;, Harrr, Pra 
cheriower Lodge N< 
O, B. S. (lOB Por«J 
■luce 1918. Term S 
Born 1ST4 In Ruaall 
to U. S. 1S89. Recelv 
eral Jewish and secul 




MUTUAL AID AGENCIES 



949 



itlon. Painter. 
Q. 107th St. 



Res. : 



lfaii«€l Ho. 5i; tne^ti at 
Ivinston St. on lit and 
Mondays. Pres., Isaac 
»roch, lO I»udlow St. 
, Harry liarkowltx, 170 
ncey St. 



No. 

meets at 257 B. Hous- 
;t. on 2nd and 4th Mon** 
Pres., S. Lelder, 226 
h w i o k Ave., B'klyn 
, Moses Schwartsbarten, 
. 111th St 

r No. S22, meets at 100 
16th St. on 2nd and 4th 



Wednesdays. Pre s., G. 
KranU, 1088 Boston Road. 
Sec'y, Arthur Muenster, 999 
B. ^162rd St 

Wavscluiwer Ckarle« Felvea- 
Vauia, No. siM» meets at 126 
Rivingrton St. oia 1st' and 
Srd Mondays. Prea., Charles 
Felffenbanm, 427 B. 9th St 
Seo'y, M. Feisrenbaum, 198 
So. 5th St, B'klyn. 

Keloaeeer No. 800, meets at 26 
Morrell St, B'klyn on 2nd 
and 4th Saturdays. Pres., 
J. Marder, 138 Varet St., 
B'klyn. Sec'y. Morris A. 
Samuel. 45 Morrell St. 
B'klyn. 



iisnea i54». incorporaiea is 

"^ MEMBERSHIP: Total nun 

Number of lodges in N. Y. C 

In U. S., 7,200. Membership in 

Cb insurance against sickness, dc 

, system of insurance based on 

^ at 4%. 

" BENEFITS: Graded Insura 

ACTIVITIES: OrganlzaUon 

Army and Navy welfare work 

Jewish Philanthropies. Maini 

Son Boys' Brigade, and clul 

" Street, and conducts a Depart 

Maintains a Relief and Emi 
The unused Reserve Fund ' 
-^ $1,236,080.98. Capital was 

Beds have been endowed in M 
— lyn hospitals. 

Issues the "Free Son." 



LODGES IN NE 

AaroB No. 20, meets at 227 
Lenox Ave. on let and 3rd 
Sunday. Pres., Henry Marx, 
115 B'way. Sec'y, H. H. 
Outtman. 1802 Croton Ave. 

Marx, Heary, Pres. Aaron 
I^dge No. 20, I. O. F. S. I. 
(227 Lenox Ave.), since 1910. 
T<Tm 1 year. Born 1882 in 
U. S. Rocoivrd colUpTo and 



mnmiii- -aid 'jMotiradii 



m^' 



6th St.), since 
1 7««r. Born 
nany. Game to 
Attended pabHc 
clier. Ree.: SOS 



K 9U BiMtt at tl 
on 4lhWednes- 

Slgmtind der- 
[oe Aye. 800*7, 
I Oreene St. 
mrnmrnM^ P re e. 

LodffO' No. SI. 
I. (tl W. lS4th 

1911. Tenm" 1 

1878 in Rasala. 
I. 1802. Received 
education. Ree.: 
e. 

meeU at 21 W. 
» n o T e r 7 Srd 
Pres., !«. S7lTee- 
7 W. llStli St. 
Seixaa. 16 Wads- 

l7lT««€as^ Pros. 
) No. 41. L O. F. 
124th St.), since 
1 7ear. Born 
Reoeived col- 
Ion. Pb7siclan. 
118th St. 

meets at 21 W. 
n 1st and Srd 
Pros., B. Well, 
tl St 800*7* J. 
W. B'wa7. 

meets at 100 W. 
eTer7 4th Mon- 
L. Ha7man, 858 
e Ave., B'klTn. 
Blnmenthal. 88 



N*. W mee«B 4t 91 

W; lt4th St. OB 1st tOBiUy. 

Pros.. Herbert li. WolK^^HS 
Forest' Aw.i* '\Drote; • • Mtf^ . 
Henr7 Wolf, SM Vbrtot 
A^vo., Bronx. - * ' 

coMteUBtiMi ii«. m, mosta at 
SI W. lSf4th BU on e^snr 
Snd ShndaT* V^rea.,' W. Bait- 
man. S20 W. Sfth iBt. 8a«*7* 
IL J. Qraeta; Sll W. llSth 
St. 

Das Ha. % meets ai Sit Oalfw 
Ave, B'klVn. .on eyenr ^t 
Wednesda7. Prea, Dr. H. Jf. 
We7nberff. SSO Si ISth .^ 
B*kl7n.. 800*7. ^. U wM- 
lach. 1616 President St, 
^•kl7n. 

Daniel Webster If a. 84^ masts 
at 110 B. lS6th St. on Sod 
and '4th ThuradaTS. Pras., 
Max Me7er, 81 B. Stth St 
Sec'7> B. Orbach, 616 W. 
174th St .. * . 



<W«meB's) Ba. 8, 
meeU at 21 West lS4th 8t, 
on ever7 2nd Snnda7« Praa.. 
Mrs. H. Oppenheimer, 486 
B. 140th St. See'y, Sam' 
Schramm. 8911 8rd Ave. 

Decree 8oclet7 meets at SI 
W. 184th St. on ever7 4^h 
8unda7 of March. Jnne, 
September and December. 
Sec'7. Joseph 8. AuT. 2S W! 
112th St 

Empire €:it7 No* dS» meets at 
21 W. 124th St, on Snd and 
4 th Tuesda3rs. Pros.. Chaa. 



8 COMMUNAL 

k. Wlndlacb, ZSi MaabAttan 
Ave., Eec'y. Sam'l Autler, Et 

Wladlich. Charica A., Prea. 
Smplrc City Loitee No. <1. 
I. O. F. 3. I. (21 W. lailh 
at.). Btnce Ills. Term 1 
year Born 1873 In AUB- 
Irla. Came to U. 8. ISBt. 
Received eeaeral education. 
21erk, Roa.: S9E Manhattan 
\v^.. B'klyn. 

<d No. II. meets at CT W. 
iJGth St., on Ind and 4Ih 
rueHdaye, Pres., Henry 
icheuer. IBOB B'way. Sec'y, 
H. KotI, 20 E. S7lh St. 
'rbFncr, Ilrarr. Prcs. Gad 
Codgs No. II. I. O." P. S. I. 
Ifii W. ISBth Sl.>. since 1316. 
Term 1 year. Born 1861 In 
U. S. Received public 
school education. Lace cor- 



laaachar .\». t. mctU at IT W 
llBth St. on every td Wt4 
neadsy. Pras,, P. W. SItra 
11 W. ISSth St. Sac'y. H 
Peyser, IE Maiden Laat. 

JoBBtka> No. 27, meets si V. 
aalea Ays., B'klyn. Oik It 
and Id Tbursdaya. PreaJI 
Alexander. ESI Hs<llBW 
Ave. Sec'y. U Purlh. 
Now York Ave.. Bklyn 

JsrdBn No. 33. mccti ■! 
Bridge St,. B'hlyn. on <**f 
Itb Sunday. Pre*. Bssit ' 
Belvln. 71) Sth Av*. B^ltt \ 



liUTtTAii Am ACHfeNOnS 



•cheL 17t 7th ATe. 
r, A. Bakofen. 1S49 So. 



DarM N«. 26, meets at 
W. 116th St., on l8t and 
Mondays. Pres., P. 
owlts, 600 W. 172nd St 
r, H. Hechln^er. 460 W. 
t St. 

Solaatmi N«. 28» meets 
07 Bridge St., B'klyn, on 
y 4th Sunday. Sec'y, F. 
rls. 443 49th St./ B'Myn. 

('WoHi«B's) No. 6, meets 

n W. 124th St, on Ist 

3d Wednesdays. Pres., 

Rosa Cohn. 20 W. 111th 

Sec'y, Mrs. S. Heilbrun, 

W. 150th St 

km, Rosa* Pres. Leah 

gre No. 6, I. O. F. S. I. 

W. 124th St), elected 

Term 1 year. Born 

in Prussia. Came to 

L 1876. Received public 

K>1 sdueation. Res.: 29 

lllth St 

No. 5» meets at 21 W. 
h St, on 1st and 3d 
inesdays. Pres., A. A. 
tier. Seo'y, M. Roth- 
td, 2066 Valentine Ave. 

ittam No. Ill, meets at 
W. 124th St, on every 
Thursday. Pres., S. 
cker, 121 W. 114th St. 
r. L. B. Adler. 3157 
ly. 

■e No. 17, meets at 100 
1 16th St, on every 2nd 



Sunday. Pres., B. I. Lich- 
tenbersr. 42 W. UOth St. 
Seo'y, J. Isaacs, 1381 Wash- 
ington Ave. 

Metro^olHaa No. 6(K meats at 
21 W. 12'4th St, on every 8d 
Tuesday. Pres., Henry 
Levin, 621 W. 160th St 
Sec'y, H. B. Horowits, 40 St 
Nicholas PI. 

I#evta, Heary, Pres. Metro- 
politan Lodffe No. 60, I. O. 
F. S. I. (21 W. 124th St), 
elected 1917. Term 1 ysar. 
Born 1882 in U. S. Re- 
ceived public school edu- 
cation. Insurance: 128 
William St Res.: 621 W. 
160th St 

Mooat Horeb No. 61, meets at 
21 W. 124th St.. on every 
4th Saturday. Pres.» Louis 
M. H« i m e r d i n srer, 8610 
B'way. Sec'y. S. Hilpol- 
steiner, 2105 Daly Ave. 
Helmerdlnffer, Louis M., 
Pres. Mount Horeb Lodge 
No. 61. I. O. F. S. I. (21 
W. 124th St), since 1912. 
Term 1 year. Born 1852 in 
U. S. Received public school 
education. Chiropodist: 47 
W. 34th St Res.: 8610 
Broadway. 

Mt. Vernon No, 71, meets at 
21 W. 124th St., on 2nd and 
4th Mondays. Pres., O. W. 
Lewis, 14 W. 91st St Sec'y, 
C. Mints, 6 Harrison St 

Naomi (Women's) No. 2, 

meets at 29 W. 115th St, 
on 1st and 8d Sundays. 
Pres., Carrie Daum, 8403 



^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


^^^^^H^^^^^^^^^^^^H^ 


'964 COUMUMAL. SEOiaTBR 


OMtid Concourse Secy Mrs 


BrbalOB »«. K. muMl. 


F, Hyms. 141 W liaih'st. 


W. U4th BU on 1« t 


Dmnm, Hro. CarrtB. Prea 


Monday*. Pre»„ S. S 


Naaml Lodge Nq. 3, L O. F 


ger. r4S W. lllnd 3L 


S- I. (39 W- llSlh SI.) 


K. Kraaer. BC« W. 




Bt 


Born IS8I In OarmBny 




Came to U. 8, ISBB. Re- 


Slaal Mo. Mt. meeU at 


ceived public Bchool educa- 


I!41h St., on every U 


tion. Rea,: 1*03 G r n i. d 


nesday. Prea., U« 




Stlrfel. 3SS W. Tl 




Sec-y, B. KlrKchbaui 


MaphlBll Ifo. 10. cneeta at 21 




W. 124th St.. on Ind and 





ilh Thursday a. Prea. A. 
Turner, t«9 Falle St. Bec'y, 
L. Goldberg. 60 W. 129(h Si 

Ncn York No. 44. meets at 21 
W. lZ4th St.. on 2nd and 41Ii 
Tueadnys. Stc'i, A. Muniei. 
93S St. Nicholas Av.>. 



&i» W. IJtih SI. 
Levy, Hemrr, Pres. 
ard Lodge No. 30. I < 



HUTUAL AID AaSNCHiB 



9f6 



>• 



Vp. «!, meet* at.S;^ .XUpi.iro. SS. meetii at |1.W. 



th St., oh 2nd and 

ndays. Pres.-* Sam 

198 B'way. Sec'7, M. 

r. 248S xUniveraity 



I24th St., on Snidt ind 4th 
Sui^darB. Pros.. 8. Hlch- 
aela 345 W. 111th St Soc'y. 
M. J. Rothschild. (18 W. 
146th St 



Independent Order Sons of Benjamin 

SSR Third Avenue 

0PPICER3: Grand Master. Julius Gnmpert, Ult Lai- 
gton Aye. Grand Sec'y. Lonls B. Prattklim, 963 Third lu 
it&bllabed ISTT. 
UBMBERSHIP: Total number of lodges Id V. 8.. H- 
imber ol lodges In N. Y. C. IS. Total membentilp b 

S., 800. Membership !□ N. Y. C. 4B0. 

BENEFITS: Insurance against deatb. Burial groand. 
juea policies under tbe Metropolitan Life Insurancs Con- 
.ny. Per capita tax (6 per annum. 



LODGES IN TTEW YORK OTV 



1 Ave. Pres., lal- 
ha. 127 E. 9and St. 
5umpert, 1476 Lei- 



Inglon Ave. 



idependent Order of True Sisters 

S17 WMt 189th street 

CERS: Pre8., Bdiiiia Schlesliiger, 50 Landicape 
onkers, N. T. Sec'y. Biaiica B. Robitcher, S17 W. 

t. Established 1846. 

BERSHIP: 21 lodges in U. S. 10 lodges In N. T. 

embership in U. S., 6,991; in N. T. C, 2,412. Aref- 

; to N. T. members, $8 per annum. 

CFITS: Widows' endowment $260.00. Sick benefit, 

VITIEIS: 1. Has Philanthropic League which aids. 
children. 2. Publishes monthly, "Orden^ Ek:ho." 

LODGES IN NEW YORK CITY 

Liodffe N«. 14, meets 
*ievln8 St., B'klyn on 
d 3rd Tuesdays. Pres., 
: Bruce, 15 Livingston 
3'klyn. Sec'y, Mrs. 
e Meyer. 1516 52nd St.. 



Lodffe No. 10, meets at 
)'way on 2nd and 4th 
isdays. Pres., Mrs. Leo 
I, 385 Central Park W. 
Mrs. Clara LascofT. 
^xington Ave. 

a Iio4m^ No, 18, meets 
)7 B'way on 1st and 
bursdays. Pres., Mrs. 
(Tor. 462 W. 148th St. 
Mrs. Carrie Adler. 310 
nt Ave. 

kcnilar Liodffe Ifo. 20, 

at 864 Flatbush Ave., 

1 on 2nd and '4th Mon- 

Pres., Mrs. Llbble 

639 E. 28th ^t. Sec'y. 
Flattie Barnett. 45 
ton Pi., ti'klyn. 

ik Lodire No. 8, meets 
)7 B'way on 1st and 
'ednesdays. Pres., Mrs. 
swanger, 533 W. 124th 



St. Sec'y, Mrs. Anna Cohen, 
163 W. 120th St. 

Immamiel Lodire Bio. 1, meets 
at 155 E. 58th St. Pres.. 
Mrs. Hermlone Lefller. 11 
Hawthorne St.. Portchester, 
N. Y. Sec'y, Mrs. Elsie 
Nathan. 408 E. 50th St. 

Jael Lodffe No. 6, meets at 155 
E. 58th St. Pres., Mrs. Lena 
Heiman. Sec'y, Mrs. Sadie 
Jacobs. 101 W. 49th St. 

New York Lodsre No. 15, meets 
at 31 W. 110th St. on Ist 
and 3rd Mondays. Pres.. 
Mrs. Josephine Beller. Sec'y, 
Mrs. Bertha G. Levis, 76 E. 
93rd St. 

aiaiiamne Lod^e Jfo, 121, meets 
at 1914 Madison Ave. oil 2nd 
and 4th Thursdays. Pres., 
Mrs. Fanny Solky. 1268 
Grant Ave. Sec'y. Mrs. Marie 
Marks. 115 W. 114th St. 

Washlnsrton Lodffe No. 21. 

meets at S005 Amsterdam 
Ave. on 2nd and 4th Tues- 
days. Pres.. Mrs. Ruth Wlt- 
telshoefer. 612 W. 184th St. 
Sec'y, Mrs. Sellna B. Cohen. 
.S60 W. 165th St. 



Independent Western Star Order 

(Eastern Div.) Office: 40 RlTlngton Street 

iornCERS: Grand Master, Max Levy. First Vice Qr»ni 
(in N. Y.), loo Wolfson. BetabHsbed and Incor 

■rated tS94. 

■mkMBERSHIP: Total membership In U. S.. about 2i,on(i; 

In. Y.. about 2,000. Number of lodgea-ln N. Y. C, 2i 

■benefits: Insurance aeaiost death to the extent of 

■OO.OO. Accident Insurance of (500.00. Funeral expenHi. 

■o.oo, 

■membership: Total membership in II. S., about 31.000. 

*mber of lodges In N. Y. C, 24. Membership In N. T.. 

ftoo. Average cost to New York members, (16 per annum. 

IWolfson, Leo, First Vice Grand Master, Ind. Western 

r Order- (40 RIvlngton St.), since 1316. Terra 2 yean. 

n 1882 In Roumania. Game to U. S. 1900. AtteoiBd 

imanlan Gyranaaium, N. Y. U. Lawyer: 299 Broadwar 

,: 317 E. 18Ih St. 

UIIXJKS l\ NKW YOIIK TITY 



injTDAL AID AGSNOSBB 



959 



Thursday ck Sec'y, J. 
lan. 111 B. 7th St 



ibo^rlcr No. S9S» 

it 86^ Attorney St., on 

Sd Saturdays. Sec'y, 

faxnour, 157 Ludlow 

w York No. 192, meets 
orsyth St., on 2nd and 
dnesdays. Pres., Isaac 
in. 1416 Fulton Ave. 
V. Trager, 832 Daw- 

tm, lMuie» Prea First 
odflre No. 192, I. W. S. 
I Forsyth St), since 
Term 1 year. Born 
Roumania. Came to 
900. Attended Euro- 
ichool of commerce. 
ST. Res.: 1415 Fulton 



urier No. 2INS, meets at 
rsyth St., on 1st and 
dnesdays. Prea. 
^almanowitz, 916 So. 
Sec'y, Lt. Oreenbergr, 
t Ave. 

iowltm, Ckarles, Pres. 
assier Lodgre No. 295. 
. O. (106 Forsyth St). 
1915. Term 1 year. 
877 in Roumania. 

U. S. 1900. Received 

1 Jewish education. 
IS and dress eroods: 
urth Ave. Res.: 916 
d. 

Now TorjK No. 258, 
at 198 B. iQd St, on 

d 4th Sundays. Pres., 
m Benikotf, 238 E. 
t. Sec'y, b. Sedrow- 
Stanton St. 



BoBlkofl, Abmhaai, Pres. 
Greater New York Lodere 
No. 258. I. W. S. O. (193 E. 
2nd St), since 1916. Term 
8 years. Born 1862 In Rus- 
sia. Came to U. S. 1900. 
Received general Jewish 
and secular education. Res.: 
238 E. 14th St 

HwBboldt No. 2M, meets at 41 
W. 124th St, on 2nd and 4th 
Tuesdays. Seo'y, M. Blias, 

858 Fox St 

Ida aad Isidore Straus No. StS, 

meets at 412 Grand St, 
B'klyn., on Ist and Sd Tues- 
days. Sec'y, B. Stekelman. 
153 Norfolk St 

Ind. Kassover No, S84» meets 

at 86 Attorney St., on 2nd 
Sunday. Sec'y, I. Feldbergr, 
626 E. 11th St 

Ind. Klever No. 256, meets at 
210 E. Houston St., on 2nd 
and 4th Tuesdays. Pres., I. 
Goldman, 865 Sutter Ave.. 
B'klyn. Sec'y,* A. Sadowsky. 
80 E. 7th St 

lad. Sambor No. 197, meets at 
214 E. 2nd St, on 2nd and 
4th Mondays. Pres., Jacob 
Schiller, 747 E. 6th St Sec'y. 
J. Nadauer, 310 E. Houston 
St 

I. ^W, LeoB Bravastola 
Memorial No. 270, meets at 
72 E. 4th St. on 1st and Sd 
Tuesdays. Sec'y, I. l^inffer, 
61 E. llSth St 

Klecheler No. 8SS, meets at 
115 Hlvingrton St, on 1st and 
Sd Saturday. Sec'y. I. Feld- 
bergr. 626 B. 11th St. 



p, 



COHUl'NAL REOtSTGtt 



and (th Tueadaya. Pre*., Dr. 
M. Marhlewlcz, S4 E. lOSth 
St. Sec'y. A. EllenbOKsn. 

Kalfann Gntb—Dr. Hader No. 

AIT, meela at Z09 E. ma 81.. 
on iHt and 3d WcdnesdRyi. 
Prea.. Aaher Sleefrled, 3t<l 
lat St. Sec'y. H. Plealer. S24 
B. 118th St, 

Nalluta VlodlnK«r No. 3T8. 

mneU at !06 Eldrldse St., on 
Isl and ad Tueadaya. Prea.. 
Philip HanC, 23 St. Marka PI. 
SpcV, Wm. Nelger. flS Ave. 

Hanf, Phlll|>. Prea. Nathan 
Vlodln«er Lodge No. 276, 1. 
W. S. O, 1205 Eldrldge St.). 



year. Born )«tS In Au 
Came lo U. 8. IRBt. Rc< 
Dublle achooL e d u c a ' 
Barbers 96 Ridge SI. 
HIT Prospect Ave. 

Sam Sjirop No. 3SI. niti 

326 B. HouBton St.. oi 
and 411i Wednesday*:. 



lilt 



St. 



Syrop loUge No, ISI, 
S. O. (326 E. Houston 
Blnce ISIJ. Term I 
Born 18<3 In Aaslrla. 
to U. 8. 1881. Reeclrrd 

cation. Hbb.: 826 J» 
Ave. 

^ona a( lararl No. 2T8. 

J. Ham Hon, 4m 
Utrecht Ave.. B'hlrn. 



^1 



Jewish National Workers* Alliance of 

America 

89 Delioioejr Street 

OFFICERS: Pres., Isaac A. Hourwich, 341 E. 25th St. 
y, Meyer h. Brown, 89 Delancey St. Established In 
1. Incorporated in 1912. 

lEMBERSHIP: Total number of lodges in U. 8., 116. 
nber of lodges in N. Y. C, 24. Total membership in 
3., 6,000. Membership in N. Y. C, 1,200. Average cost 

5. Y. members, $16 per annum. Fraternal system of 
irance based on American Experience Table at 4%. 

BENEFITS: Issues policies from $100 to $1,000. Health 
efits. 

PRINCIPLES: "Nationalistic and SocialisUc." 

lCTIVITIES: Conducts schools for children and adults, 
les monthly organ "The Jewish Workers' Voice," edited 
r. Pinsky and Meyer L. Brown. Publishes various books 
Jewish topics. 

saac A. Honrwieh was born in Wilna, Russia, in 1860. 
attended a classical Gymnasium at Minsk, from which 
was graduated in 1877. He then went to Petrograd 
ire he studicSd at the Academy of Medicine and Surgery, 
nging later to the Demidov Juridical Lyceum of Jaro- 
re, from which he was graduated In 1887. He was 
litted to the bar of Russia in the same year. He came 
America in 1890 and entered Columbia University in 
1. In 1893 he took his degree of Doctor of Philosophy 

Columbia University. In 1893-1895 Dr. Hourwlch 
red as decent In statistics at the University of Chicago, 
osition from which he resigned because of bis affiliation 
h the Populist Party. In addition to bis other studies, 

Hourwich pursued a course in law and was admitted 
the Illinois Bar in 1893 and to the New York Bar In 

6, practicing law until 1900. Subsequently he entered 
United States Service, acting as translator from 1900 

190^, and as expert special agent of the Bureau of 
isus from 1902 to 1906 and from 1909 to 1913. From 
'8 'to" 1909, Dr. Hourwich served as Statistician of the 
»lic Service Commission of New York City. Dr. Hour- 
ti is considered an authority on immigration, and is the 
lor of the book "Immigration and Labor." He is a 
aber of many learned societies, among them the Ameri- 



protocol agreement of 1910. 

^. the Board of Election of tl 

In Dr. Hourwich is a frequent 

Cb tions in English, Russian an( 

T trlbutor" on the staft of the \ 




LODGES IN Xl 

Bobmlsker No. lOSp meets at 
46 E. 104th St.. every 2nd 
Friday. Pres., Jacob Lip- 
•hltz, 342 Cherry St.. Sec'y. 
S. LifBhits, 69 E. 97th St. 
LIpshltB, Jacob. Pres. Bob- 
rulsker No. 105, J. N. W. A. 
A. (46 E. 104th St.). since 
1916. Born in Russia. Res.: 
842 Cherry St. 

Brisker No. 86, meets at 206 E. 
B'way. Sec'y, H. Pryluck. 
496 Williams Ave. B'klyn. 

Bronx No. 81, meets at 1387 
Washington Ave., on 1st and 
3d Fridays. Pres., Dr. J 
Kling, 924 E. 181st St. Sec'y 
S. Zirkel, 48 E. 104th St. 



BrowMvllle YoHrend No. 18 

meets at 453 H o p k 1 n s o i 
Ave.. li'klyn. Pros., Morri 
Zimmerman, 514 Hopklnsoi 



Mt/TUAL AID AdSKOIES 



th Saturdays. Sec'y, I. 
teln. 109 Snd Ave. 

No. 9T, meets at 46 B. 

St., on 2nd and 4th 
jiya. Prea., Samuel 
son, 186 Bay Slat St.i 
B. Sec'y, A. Leshlnsky, 

109th St 

I B • • B , Samuel* Prea. 
m Lodgre Na. 67, J. N. 
. A. (46 E. 104th St.). 
1015. Term 6 months. 
1886 in Russia. Came 
S. 1905. Received sen- 
Tewish education. Ma- 
it. Res.: 186 Bay Slst 
•klyn. 

ereta No. 8S, meets at 
4th St., on 1st and 3d 
days. Seo'y, S. Kaplan, 
ark Ave. 



leh No. S7t meets 
11 Washington Ave., on 
nd 4th Fridas^. Pres., 
Sorelick, 1S90 Webster 
Sec'yf H. Winoker, 
Bathflrate Ave., Bronx. 

Iek« Max, Pres. Kiever 
Jh, No. 67, J. N. W. A. 
Sll Washlngrton Ave.). 
d 1917. Term 6 months. 
1880 in Russia. Came 
S. 1904. Received g:en- 
Jewish education, 
nan. Res.: 1290 Web- 
Wve. 



Ywead No. 80. 

at 188 LfUdlow St.. on 
Dd td Fridays. Sec'y, 
roohnlk, 1272 Stebbins 



K«Bst Terete No. 108^ meets 
at 188 liUdlow St., on 2nd 
and '4th Wednesdays. Sec'y. 
R. Merlin, 49 E. 102nd St. 

MIeletaer No. 60. meets at 80 
Pitt St., on 1st and 8d Sat- 
urdays. Pres., D. Kass, 240 
B. 7th St. Sec'y. A. Dlnstog, 
26 Lewis St. 

Mlaver Dnumer Usend No. 07, 

meets at 188 Ludlow St.. 
every Saturday. Pres., 
Harry Silverman. Sec'y. 
Israel Bernstein, 109 2nd 
Ave. 

N. Y. J. N. Tir. A. No. 14, meets 
at 209 E. Broadway, on 1st 
and 3d Saturdays, ^res.. 
Isidore Feder. 24 Orchard 
St. Sec'y, J. N. Rearso^, 443 
New Jersey Ave.. B'klyn. 

Poale Zltm BraBck No. 40, 

meets at 188 Ludlow St., on 
Ist and 3d Saturdays. Sec'y, 
J. Paikoff, 452 Bedford Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Rakeshker No. 01, meets at 
85 B. 4th St. Sec'y, 8. 
Shapiro. 113 Harrison Ave., 
B'klyn. 

Rase-Pollsk No. 15, meets at 
209 B. 2nd St., on every 
Monday. Sec'y, L. Oross- 
flaum. 313-15 E. 4th St. 

Sherpser Leramlner No. 42, 

meets at 82 Clinton St., on 
2nd and 4th Fridays. Pres., 
Saul P. PfefTer. 344 So. 4th 
St., B'klyn. Sec'y, M. Llch- 
tenstein, c|o Green, 344 So. 
4th St., B'klyn. 



COUHUNAl. I 



(eBrr. Saul P.. Prei. Bhorp- 
!r L«ranilner LiOdge No. il. 
. X, W. A. A. (BZ CIlDton 
I.), elected 1S17. Term S 



elved high achool educa- 
lon. R«a.: 344 B. 4tb St.. 
-kirn. 

a I a B Aldehen Kb. 14, 
leeta at 78 Oraham Avp., 
I'klyn, on 2nd and '4th Vr\- 

fil Buehwlok Ave., B'klyn. 

1 o m Alrlchen No. «S, 

leeta at 74 B. 4th St., on 
nd anil 4tli Saturdays, 
ec'y, F. Berry, 12fl St, 
larltB Fl. 

letcherabrr PrOK, No. SO. 

ieeta at S5 E. 4th St., on 
nd and 4th Saturdara. 



elaoted iv]7, Tem 4 nualU 
Born liSS In Ruaaia. Cun 
to U. S. 190S. BeoatVBj |. 
eral Jewish education, Rt 
404 Sheffield Ave., b'klyn. 

Wanbancr ObIoib** Ho. W 

meets at 1S8 Ludlow St. W 
tnd Salurdirl' 






^1 Gr* 



L t» 



Linden St., B-ktye. SmT. 

A. OBofakr. SOa S. lad 8 

B'klrn. 

OrcCBblatt, iBrBol, Pli 

Warahauer Italomrr l.Odjr' 
No. 10, J, N. W. A. A. (Ill 
Ludlow St.), el Set f^ ItlT 
Born ISSO In Rasala. Cutt 

lo V. S. 1S18. Received gH- 
eral Jewish and secular f 
cation. General Mdse.: (6 K 

den St., B'klyn. 

Ehltamlrcr Ko. 52, 



Ord^r B'rith Abraham 

aM-8 Grand Street 

BRS: Pres., Samuel Dorf, 266-8 Grand St. Sec'y* 
^ lieisersohn, 266-8 Grand St Established 1869. 
ted 1888. 

BRSHIP: Total number of lodges In U. S., 866. 
nber of lodges in N. Y. C.» 128. Total member- 
S., 58,000. Members in N. T. C, 17,000. Average 
I. Y. members, $12 per annum. Fraternal sjrstem 
nee based on Anierican Experience Table at 4%. 
•"ITS: Insurance against death, disabilities, illness. 
e relief. 

ITIES: Takes active interest in Jewish affairs, 
es to charitable work. 

I Dorf was bom in Austria In 1858, where he re- 
l^eneral education. He arrived in the United States 

•rf is prominently connected with Jewish work in 
He has been for the past twenty-ftve years Grand 

f the Order, a Director of the United Hebrew 
Executive Member of the American Jewish Com- 

id member of the Executive GommUtee of the 

immunity of New York City. 



LODGES IN NEW YORK CITY 



. 188k meets at 107 
1 St., on 2nd and 4th 
lays. Pres., Jacob 
1, 201 W. lllth St. 
lev. M. Epstein, 29 
h St. 

t, Jacob, Pres. Aaron 
Jo, 188, O. B. A. (107 
h St.); elected 1917. 
months. Born 1850 
lia. Came to U. S. 
iceived g:eneral Jew- 
L secular education. 
1 W. lllth St. 



Abraham No. 1. meets at 407 
Bridgre St., B'klyn., on 2nd 
and 4th Sundays. Pre8.» 
Samuel Barnett, 894 Union 
Ave. Sec'y. E. Lehman, 601 
W. 172nd St. 

B a rn e 1 1 . Samael, Pres. 
Abraham Lodgre, No. 1, O. B. 
A. (407 Bridge St., B'klyn), 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1875 in Engrland. Came 
to U. S. 1877. Received pub- 
lic school education. Res.: 
894 Union Ave. 



lae Ifo. 244, meets at 
rls St., on 1st and 3d 
rs. Pres., M. Spiel- 
606 E. 6th St. Sec'y. 
Del. B7 Pitt St. 



Admiral Schley No. 248, meets 
at 328 E. Houston St., on 1st 
and 3d Mondays. Pres., I. 
Enffel, 208 W. 141st St. 



Lfhrfeld. SSD K 



rrica No. Iin. r 

V. 115th St.. on 
londaya. Preii., 
lan, I0S4 Forest 
(, Llchtman. 414 
tKlyn. 



:. PteB. AmerU 

1B7, ' 



e 1916. 

■erm 6 monlliB. Born ISSS 
n RUBEla. C&me to U. S. 
S9D. Attended Law School, 
lawyer: 29B B'way, Rea.: 
084 7orBBt Ave. 

Lrrlcaa Hrbnw No. 3T«. 

.iPftB 81 339 qumonl Ave,, 
I'klyn. on lat and 3d Bst- 
irdaya. Pres., I.ouIb Bobbh- 
laiim, 599 Hopkinaon Ave. 
ruiyn, Sec'y, B. WllBon, 
39 Dumont Ave, 



and 3d Wedneadays. PtH. 
S. Seul, 30 W. llJtfc II 
Sec'y, D- K. L*»y, SI 8 
12Znd St. 

II*.,. 

ArJ«h Ko. 3. meets at Tl Inf- 
low St., on lat »ixd ii Sn- 
day a. PrCB.. BenjKmtn Kntl- 
ner. 303 Gth Av«. Sec'y, ft 
Bchwsni. S93 Tlnlon J 
Battaer. BcoJaMlo. P 
Arjeh Lodge No. t. O. 9. k 
(73 Ludlow SI->. Bine* 
Term 6 nionlha. Bnn 
In U. S. Received ■ a 
educaiton, Insuraae*: ID 
Park Rotr. Reo.: |«| rUli, 



■■5?Prti 



MUTUAL AID VGENCIE8 



967 



er, 1607 Charlotte St. 
mMf Israel, Pres. Baron 
3hild Lodsre No. 55, O. 
(79 Forsyth St.), since 
Term 6 months. Born 
El Russia. Came to U. 
5. Received general 
1 education. Builder. 
S77 Marcy Ay., B'klyn. 

u No. aOk meets at 79 
:h St., on Snd and 4th 
.ya Pres., Julius Ber- 
74 Morton St., B'klyn. 

Simon SelifiT, 560 W. 
St. 

er, Jvllns, Pres. Ben- 
Lodse .No. 20. O. B. A. 
»rsyth St.), since 1914. 
6 months. Born 1873 
S. Received a public 

education. Plumbingr 
ctor: 109 E. 26th St. 
74 Morton St., B'klyn. 

■A I M ^UinisoB No. 9, 

at 98 Forsyth St. on 
d Id Saturdays. Pres., 
1 Jaffe, 115 Henry St. 
H. O. Levin. 686 Beck 

Saatael, Pres. Benla- 
larrison Lodgre No. 9, 
A. (98 Forsyth St.). 
L916. Term 6 months. 
1875 in Russia. Came 
3. 1890. Reeelved gren- 
lucation. Printer: 162 
m St. Res.: 115 Henry 



Hlrsch, Morris, Pres. B'nai 
Abraham No. 43. O. B. A. (98 
Forsyth St.). since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1865 in 
Russia. C^me to U. S. 190S. 
Received sreneral Jewish 
education. Jeweler. Res.: 62 
B. 7th St. 

B^iud Reuben No; 398, meets at 
162 Madison St., on 1st and 
Srd Sundays. Pres., Solo- 
mon Berkawits, '404 Sara- 
toga Ave., B'kl3m. Seo'y. S. 
Merelis. 468 Howard Ato., 
B'klyn. 

Berkowlta, SoloaioB, Pres. 
B'nai Reuben Lodge No. 398. 
(162 Madison St.), since 
1916. Term 6 months. Born 
1855 in Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1895. Received education 
in Russia. Retired. Res.: 
404 Saratoga Ave:. B'klyn. 

Bralnsker Freaadsckaft No. 

444, meets at 98 Forsyth St., 
on 3nd and 4th Wednesdays. 
Pres., Morris Coleman, 2271 
Churdh Ave.. B'klyn. Seo'y, 
Mrs. D. Coleman. 2271 
Church Ave., B'klyn. 

Bransker Rodepb SbolosA 
No. 322, meets at 63 Ludlow 
St.. on 2nd and 4th Sundays. 
Pres.. A. Silverstein, 98 , 
Stanton St. Sec'y, S. Rohs- 
sler. 346 Hopkinson ATe., 
B'klyn. 



imbaat No. 43, meets 
)k>rsyth St.. on Ist and 
Inesdays. Pres., Mor- 
Irsch, 62 E. 7th St. 
M. La b e n 8 k y. 103 
er St. 



Broder No. 880, meets at 357 
E. Houston St., on 2nd and 
4th Wednesdays. Prea. S. 
Eisenbruch, 49 E. 100th St. 
Sec'y, Max Levy. 60 So. 9th 
St., B'klyn. 



^B^^H^HH 




968 COHUUNAL 


5 

KBOIBTKE 


Brooklm *Itjr So. US, meets 


Sundays. Pre* , Mart 


at 166* Bway. Bldyn, on 


iBt and 3d Sundays. Pres-. 


Sec'y. P.Hurwm, « 


ZlBinund Appel. Hi LewU 


liUb St. 


Ave., Bklyn. Setfy. B. Lso- 


A>akeIowlt>. Moirtih 


pold, 603 Qulnoey St., 


Devenlahker Lodge ] 


B'klyn. 


O, B. A- (20B E. ] 




since ISie. Term « n 


Bklyii Cliy Loaff* No. 118, o' 


Born 1870 to Russia. 


B. A. (168 4 Broadway, 


to V. 8. 1901. Bl 


B'klyn). elcrcted 191T. Term 


Bsneral Jewlah adn 


S months. Born 1878 In 


Hate and capn; U< 


Russia. Came to U. 9. 18QT. 


St. Res.: 104 B ttH 1 


Received eeneral Jewish 




educaUon. Produce dMler: 
168 LMwls ATe„ B'Wyn. 
Rob.: Sit L e w 1 h Ave., 


at 100 W. llBth at,"'' 



CeatrnalBl No. IDi 

100 w, iieih St., 

3a Wednesdays, 
uel Kaufman, 9 






XUTUAL AID AOSKCIES 



968 



»►«* I«r«el No. «», meeU at 
W« B. B'way, on 2nd and 
4th Sundays. Pres., C. 
WelUman, 456 Grand St. 
S«c*y, L. Orayevsky, 54S 
HopkiBfon Ave., B'klyn. 

^iward Vmakmr No. 28p meets 
at 160 B. 86th St, on Ist 
and Id Sundays. Pres., 
& Ifanheimer, 1188 Park 

Ave. Sec'y, L. Horowits, 

866 Beck St. 



No. 222, meets at 
827 E. B'way, on 2nd and 
4th Tuesdays. Pres., M. 
Keppler, 8 E. 101st St. 
Sec'y. D. Rablnowltx. 396 
Qrand St. 



No. S8, meets at 206 
B. B'way, on 1st and 3d 
Wednesdays. Pres., John 
Olaser. 1259 Lincoln Place, 
B'klyn. Sec'y. & Balkin, 622 
W. 188d St. 

Glaser, JobM» Pres. Elcha- 
nan Lodge No. 33, O. B. A. 
(206 B. B'way), elected 
1817. Term 6 months. 
Bom 1888 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1906. Attended 
arymnasium In Russia. 
Bookkeeper. Res.: 1269 
Lincoln PL, B'klyn. 



SoiomoBt Adolph* Pres. Ellas 
Aaron Lodge No. 7, O. B. A. 
(75 B. 116th St.), since 1909. 
Term 6 months. Born 18^2 
in Austria. Came to U. S. 
1882. Received high school 
education. Butter and eggs: 

26 Harrison St. Res.: 1017 
Simpson St. 

Ellas Pollak No. Se7, meets at 

27 W. 116th St., on 1st and 
3d Saturdays. Pres., A. 
Rosenblaum. 1066 Hoe Ave. 
Sec'y, S. Frankel, IB W. 
112th St. 

Bmlle Zola No. 239, meets at 
10 W. 114th St., on 2nd 
Thursdays. Pres., W. Ep- 
ner. 2240 2nd Ave. Sec'y, A. 
Z. Bluestone. 144 W. llSth 
St. 

Empire State No. 104, meets 
at 53 E. 93d St., every 3d 
Wednesday. Pres., A. J. 
Dworsky, 53 E. 93d St. 
Sec'y, S. Phillips, 1171 Bry- 
ant Ave. 

ExcelAlor No. 277, meets at 
100 Essex St., on 1st and 
3d Wednesdays. Pres., L. 
Katx, 68 Norfolk St. Sec'y, 
L. Hurwitz, 2579 Pitkin 
Ave., B'klyn. 



I No. 7, meets at 
7S B. 116th St., on 1st and 
Sd Tuesdays. Pres., Solo- 
mon Adolph, 1017 Simpson 
BL Sec'y, E. Freeman, 2936 
W. SOth SU B'klyn. 



Fortiina No. 71, meets at 153 
W. 125th St., on 2nd and 4th 
Thursdays. Pres., I. J. Sam- 
uelson, 106 W. 126th St. 
Sec'y, G. Gellln, 866 Steb- 
bins Ave. 



schrltt Lodgre No. 207, O. B. JJfg 

A. (206 B. B'way), since q^^ 

1916. Term 6 months. Born j^ ] 

1865 in Russia. Came to ^y^ 

U. S. 1888. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Con- 
tractor. Res.: 188 W. 118th 
St. 



Bit 

Ger 

O. 

sin* 

Bo I 

edu 

100 



me< 
2nd 
Pre 
She 



FriedcB No. 29(K meets at 98 
Forsyth St.. on Ist and 3d 
Wednesdays. Pres., David 
Cantor, 45 W. 129th St. 
Sec'y. B. Weiss. 1142 40th ***"•' 
St^ B'klyn. 

Cantor, David, Pres. Fried- 
en Lodge No. 290. O.B.A.(98 
Forsyth St.), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1850 ^^ 

in Russia. Came to U. S. ^■' 

1888. Received general ^^' 

Jewish and secular educa- **• 

tlon. Retired. Res.: 45 W. ^^* 

129th St. "°' 

on 

FrtendalUp of laracl No. 888, 
meets at 1861 Pitkin Ave.. 
B'klyn, on 1st and 3d Tues- Glasi 
days. Pres.. Sam. Goldstein. B. 

51 Liberty St., B'klyn. Sec'y. 3d 



MUTUALi AID A0SNCIB8 



971 



to, 420, meeU at 119 
on St., on Snd and 
) n d a y 8 . Pres^ C 

k, 751 E. 5th St. 
L Siesrel, 157 Norfolk 

Vo. 51» meets at 276 
9ton St., on 2nd and 
inesdays. Pres., Sells: 
In, 296 So. let St., 
Sec'y, A. Brown, 812 
i St. . 

In, Sells, Pres. Oott- 
igre No. 61, O. B. A. 
Houston St.), since 
'erm 6 months. Born 
Russia. Came to 
82. Received ereneral 
education. Res.: 296 
t, B'klyn. 

fort No. M, meets at 
ridfire St., on 1st and 
u r d a y s. Pres., M. 
172 Brook Ave. Sec'y, 
Aft, 858 Hewitt PI. 

r No. 192, meets at 14 

h St., on 1st and 3d 

days. Pres., Harris 

tz, 7 B. 119th St. 

tf. C. Solomon, 1061 

t. 

tm. Harris, Pres. Q. 

Lodere No. 192, O. B. 
W. 114th St), since 
'erm 6 months. Born 
Russia. Came to 
884. Received eren- 
vlsh education. Auc- 
Res.: 7 B. 119th St. 

No. 107, meets at 203 

St., on 2nd and 4th 

s. Pres.. Louis Chas. 



Woolf. 561 74th St., B'klyn. 
Sec'y, M. Kedslorek, 584 B. 
148th St. 

Woolf, IjouUi Charles, Pres. 
Hamilton Lodffe No. 107 O. 
B. A. (203 B. 56th St.), since 
1916. Term f months. Bom 
1871 in Bnsrland. C&mo to 
U. a 1875. Received public 
school education. Postal 
clerk. Res.: 561 74th St., 
B'klyn. 

HarleiM No. 84, meets at 89 W. 
115th St., on 1st and 8d Mon- 
days. Pres., Joseph Gold- 
smith, 823 Pox St. Sec'y, H. 
H. Green. 1414 6th Ave. 
<3oldsmlth, Joseph,. Pres. 
Harlem LK>dgre No. 84, O. B. 
A. (29 W. 115th St.), since 
1914. Term 6 months. Born 
1862 in Germany. Came to 
U. S. 1881. Received public 
school education. Collector. 
Res.: 823 Fox St. 

HIrseh Ijiska No. M, meets at 
100 W. 116th St., on 8nd and 
4th Saturdays. Prea, S. S. 
Friedman, 1884 Prospect 
Ave. Sec'y, H. Goodfried, 
629 W. 111th St. 

lad. BaroM Htnwh No. MIK 

meets at 143 McKibben St^ 
B'klyn. on 1st and 8d Sun- 
days. Pres., Max Lederman, 
191 Varet St., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
J. Michaelofsky, 100 Cook 
St., B'klyn. 

Lederman, Max, Pres. Ind. 
Baron Hirsch Lodge No. 560. 
O. B. A. (143 McKibben St.. 
B'klyn), since 1914. s Term 6 
months. Born 1876 In Bus- 



)ia 



CO**"*"- 



receive* B cl»«""' ffUW"- 



„«Bh"^. age. r*° Bince 



BO"-* 

KO. T»' "1 

■taiiB. gee S. 
Term * C» 



JO.""":; 



or 



UXmjAh AID AOENOIBS 



978 



5. 1886. Attended pub- 
^hool In Austria. Bar- 
257 Rlvington St. Res.: 
rand St. 

StelBBuui No. 70^ meets 

B. 1st St., on 2nd and 

aturdays. Pres., L. J. 

1626 Madison Ave. 

A. SchlesStiflrer, 603 
ect Ave. 

FrsBB Jos^pk Ifo. S09, 

at 328 B. Houston St., 
: and 3d Sundays. Pres.. 

Felsrenbaum. 366 Van 
!n Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y. 
rowitz, 606 B. 9th St. 
Bb«am« O • I a • • Pres. 
r Franz Joseph Lodge 

06. O. B. A. (328 E. 
:on St.), since 1915. 

6 months. Born 1865 
istria. Came to U. S. 
Received greneral Jew- 
education. Tailor: 76 
son St. Res.: 366 Van 
in Ave., B'klyn. 

Piiedriek No. 10, meets 
W. 115th St., on 1st 

Id Sundays. Pres.. S. 
858 Fox St. Sec'y. H. 

chmidt. 961 Faile St. 

». 2S7, meets at 100 W. 

St.. on 1st and 3d Mon- 

Pres., Barnett Horo- 

8651 3d Ave. Sec'y. H. 

id. 867 Fox St. 

prflts, Barnett, Pres. 

Lodgre No. 237, O. B. A. 

W. 116th St.). since 

Term 6 months. Born 

In Russia. Came to U. 

89. Received greneral 

h education. Res.: 3651 

ve. 



Kfa«s C4mmtr Preiia«MUift 

No. 258, meets at 60S Wil- 
lousrhby Ave., B'klyn,- on 2nd 
and 4th Mondays. Pret., 8. 
Jacobson, 849 JeiKerson Ave.. 
B'klyn. Sec'y, A. Itatsen- 
stein. 217 Bainbridflre St.. 
B'klyn. 

KoeMis Savl No. 74, meets at 
106 Forsyth St.. on 2nd 4nd 
4th Saturdays. Pr«s., Louis 
Nathansop. 28 Monroe St. 
Sec'y. Wolf Lew, 218 Clinton 
St. 

NathsMsoa, liO«ls, Pres. 
Koeni? Saul Lodgre No. 74, 
O. B. A. (106 Forsyth St.), 
since 1911. Term 6 months. 
Born 1857 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1890. Received gen- 
eral Jewish education. Real 
estate. Res.: 28 Monroe St. 

Kotno No. 333, meets at 27 W. 
115th St.. on 1st and 3d 
Tuesdaya Pres.. Joseph 
Danzigrer. 766 B. 180th St. 
Sec'y, A. Danziger, 496 B. 
140th St. 

Lebanon No. 8fl9, meets at 953 
So. Blvd., every 4th Monday. 
Pres.. Jacob Cohen, 986 Fox 
St. Sec'y. J. Slnshelmer. 
1963 Washington Ave. 

Llpkower No. 466, meets at 
223 E. 2nd St.. on 2nd and 
4th Wednesdays. Pres., S. 
Wleser, 62 2nd Ave. Sec'y. 

M. Feldman, 941 Simpson St. 

Lonir Inland No. 232, meets at 
115 Manhattan Ave., B'klyn, 
on Ist and 3d Wednesdays. 
Pres.. S. Schmalhelser, 827 
Park Ave.. B'klyn. Sec'y. J. 



Ri 



■ucnut Alo ju. Auu ou aw y, 

A. Herz. 389 E. 8th St. 

Lelman, Simon. Pres. Louis 
in Klrach Lod^e No. 416. O. B. 

Ch A. (17 Ave. A), since 1914. 

•^ Term 6 months. Born 1870 

In Austria. Came to U. 

— S. 1899. Received aren- 

eral Jewish and secular 
education. Cloaks and suits: 

. 14 Ave. A. Res.: 178 E. 2nd 
St. 

ManhjittaH No. 22* meets at 
S06 B. B'way, every 4 th 

— • Sunday. Pres., L*. Repchin- 

Bky, 454 Cherry St. Sec'y. 
_ A. Resnik, 1903 66th St.. 

B'klyn. 

^ Markowlta Ifo. 472, meets at 

88 Forsyth St.. on 1st and 

" 8d Sundays. Pres., Sam 

Bernstein, 140 Ellery St.. 

^ I B'klyn. Sec'y* M. Backer, 

1126 42nd St. B'klyn. 
BenuiteiB, Sam, Pres. Mar- 
kowitz Lodgre No. 472. O. B. 
A. (83 Forsyth St.), since 
1914. Term 6 months. Born 
1888 in Roumania. Came to 
U. S. 1900. Received general 
Jewish and secular educa- 
tion. Re8.: 140 Ellery St.. 



MUTUAL AID A0ENCIK8 



9l6 



nd Sd Wednesday!. 
Wolt Foteraniky, 1450 
r. Ave., B'klyn. Sec'y, 
ed, 341 Watklni St., 

* 

aeky, W^i; Prea. Mt 

I Lodge No. 389, O. 6. 

II Blake Av., B'klyn). 
906. Term < months. 
869 in Roesla. Came 
. 1893. Received gen- 
Bwish education, 
adies' dreues: 146 W. 
:. Res.: 1460 B. N. Y. 
t'klyn. 

iMal No. 18, meets at 
syth St., on 1st and 
rsdays. Pres., Samuel 
nond, 164 St. Nicholas 
Sec'y, Ia Nusinoff, 140 
h St 

■d, Saamei A., Pres. 
lai Lodge No. 18, O. B. 

Forsyth St.), since 
Term < months. Born 
, Russia. Came to U. 
1. Received general 

and secular educa- 
Hair goods: 827 E. 
St. Res.: 164 St. 
IS Ave. 

9trmmm No. 861, meets 
W. 116th St., on 1st 
Saturdays. Pres., F. 

ish. 844 Woolworth 
Sec*y, If. Eichel, 516 

th St. 

I a 1 Galaoer No. 430, 

at 98 Forsyth St., on 
ad 4th Wednesdays. 
Usher Elsenberg, 259 
t. B'klyn. Sec'y. E 
tn, 307 B. 15th St. 



Blseabenr, Usker, Pres. Na- 
tional Galaser Lodge No. 480. 
O. B. A. (98 Forssrth St): 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1870 in Roumanla. 
Came to U. S. 1903. Received 
general JewlSh^and secular 
education. Res.: 269 49th 
St.. B'klyn. 

New K«rloader No. tO^ meets 
at 98 Forsyth St, on 8nd and 
4th Tuesdays. Pres., L. Brill, 
281 Brook Ave. Sec'y, B. 
Firkser, 30 W. 112th St 

New York No. 16, meets at 100 
W. 116th St, on 1st and Sd 
Mondays. Pres., C. Wein- 
stein. 109 W. 129th St Sec'y. 
M. B. Kramer. 79 Bowery. 

Ostroleaka No. 206, meets at 
180 Clinton St.. on 2nd and 
4th Saturdays. Pres., L. 
Feinstetn, 621 E. 12th St 
Sec'y. M. S. Cohen. 288 Mad- 
ison St 

Paleotlne No. 103, meets at 282 
Broome St, on 1st and Sd 
Saturdays. Pres., Isidore 
Feinsilver, 60 Montgomery 
St. Sec'y. S. Kaufman, 3125 
Gilbert PL 

Feinsilver, Isidore, Pres. 
Palestine Lodge No. 108, O. 
B. A. (232 Broome St), 
elected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1870 in Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1904. Received gen- 
eral Jewish and secular edu- 
cation. Res. : 60 Montgomery 
St 



976 COMMUNAL 

Faal Bi«*n> No. 421j meat! at 
81 Foraytta St, on 1st and 
Id Sunday*. Pre*.. Uorrli 
KapUn, its B. ItTtb St. 
Sec-y. I. Kaplan. tU E. 117th 
St. 

Kaplaa, Harria, Pre*. Paul 
Brown Lodge No. 411, O. B. 
A. (St Forsyth St.), since 
IStC. Terni t months. Born 
1864 In BubbIb. Came to U. 
8. 1898. Received g«neral 
Jewish and aecular educa- 
tion. Jeweler. Res.: 4fle E. 
ISTth St. 



Perfect Km. 48«, meets at 188 
EldrldRe St., on Znd and 4th 

Wsdneadays. Pres.. Louis 
nonenfcld, 7BS K, 155th St 
.Spc'y. H. Rubman, 107 Ross 
St., R'klyn, 
Danrnfrld, l.imln, Pn b T.t- 



•Ince lilt. Tertn 
Bora 1874 In Rns 
to U. a 1804. Ret 
eral Jewish and si 
cation. Res.: 11* 

RsbM Harwlta Mo. 
at 11* B. HouatoE 
and Id Tuesdaya 
Hombiirs«r, 110 
Sec'y, I<. Kanner, 
St. 

Rp»ka«l No. 9J, m 
W. Iltth St.. on 
Saturdays. Pre 
Isaacson. II Was 
Sec'y, H. H. Olttl 
113th St. 



HepplBf 



Nn. 23, n 




MUTUAL AID AOENCIES 



977 



Ifo. 4S6, meets at 
V, on Ist and 3d 
Pres., B. Rosen- 
Clinton St. Sec'y, 
Cher, 214 Forsyth 

oer No, 445, meets 
3d St., on 1st and 
is. Pres., B. Sala- 
r. 116th St. Sec'y. 
zweig, 643 TInton 

* s 

rich No. S57« meets 

114th St., on 2nd 

Mondays. Pres.. 

rgulies, 936 Kelly 

, M. Taylor, 405 

Parkway. 

P I m c a s, Pres. 
anrich Lodgre No. 

A. (10 W. 114th 
i 1915. Term 6 
Born 1874 In Rou- 
ime to U. S. 1906. 
public school edu- 
eal estate. Res.: 
St. 

nan No. 470, meets 
114th St., on 2nd 

Sundays. Pres.. 
> 1 o m o n . 162 E. 

Sec'y, S. Zucker- 
'l30th St. 
oseph, Pres. Sam- 
rman Lodgre No 

A. (27 W. 114th 
J 1915. Term 6 
Born 1869. Came 
)9. Received pub- 
education. In- 
117 W. 125th St. 
S. 113th St. 

nel No. 286, meets 
J* way. on 2nd nnd 



4th Saturdays. Pres., N. BU- 
fond, 43 Rivington St. Sec'y, 
S. Konheim, 612 W. 162nd 
St. 

Sholom No. 214, meets at 107 
W. 116th St. on 1st and 8d 
Sundays. Pres., H, Levy, 819 
Fox St. Sec'y, A. Olaser, 964 
Tiffany St. 

81«Bowo Blleser No. 89, meets 
at 107 W. 116th St., on- 2nd 
and 4th Sundays. Pres., 
Abraham Morris, 943 Long:- 
wood Ave. Sec'y, I. Hi rich - 
berg, 500 B. 89th St. 
Morris, Abraham, Pres. Slu- 
zewo Eliezer Lrodgre No. 89, 
O. B. A. (107 W. 116th St.). 
since 1916. Term 6 months. 
Born 1874 in England. Came 
to U. S. 1878. Received pub- 
lic school education. Sales- 
man. Res.: 943 Longrwood 
Ave. 

Solomon BImbaam No. H^H, 
meets at 758 E. 158th St., on 
1st and 3d Sundays. Pres., 
S. Krasnow, 516 I.enox Ave. 
Sec'y, I. Meyers. 865 Elsmere 
PI. 

Solomon Wlenen No. 432, meets 
at 1622 1st Ave., on 2nd and 
4th Mondays. Pres., Will- 
iam Schneider, 983 Jennings 
St. Sec'y B. Alter, 16 W. 
111th St. 

Schneider. ^Vliilam, Pres. 
Solomon WUsen Lodge No. 
452. 1. O. B. A. (1622 l.st 
Ave.), since 1916. Term 1 
year. Born 1877 In Hun- 
gary. Came to U. S. 1905. 
Received hl|?h school edu- 
cation. Dyer. Res.: 983 
Jennings St. 



UOUMUNAli 



SoHB of Jacob No. IttS, mset 
'at t3 ritt St. OD 3nd and 4t 
Mondays. Prea.. M. Hymar 
3 W. llBth St. Sec"y. i 
Uandelbere, ET PilC St. 






>r Nci 



. IISI 



. soa. 



an tni and Itti Sundays. 
fret, Harris J. Algus. 1406 
etb Ave. Sac'y. 8. Selnion, 
66S Jefferson PI. 
AlKBs. UbftU Jack. Pre*. 
State of New Tork l«dfte 
No. 205. O. B. A. (100 W 
lieth St.), since ISIS, Term 
1 y«ar Born 1870 In Suasla. 
Came to V. 8. 1888. Reeelved 



JewLs 
: 44 



edui 



itlon. 



1i St. Ren 



W*lnlK¥scr, 

TUia Kalinan t.>odg« II 
O. B. A. Hit K. HduI 




107 W, USIh St. . 
Srd Mondays. Prea..1 
8. Gr«en. SIM UorUJ 
Sec'F, 8. Sbablow, 1 
ton Ro>4. 
(IrccB. RarrT Sn PfM. 
Friends' I^dgt No. H, 
A. (107 W. llflth Bl-I. I 
ItflB. Term S monllia. 
Ihtl In N. Y. Recelve.1 
lie Hthoal educallor t> 
niiin: H2 *th Avc_ 



MUTDAL AID AGBNCISB 



979 



il If*. 189^ meets 

ow St. on 2nd and 
dayi. Pres.. W. 
207 Rodney St., 
ec'y, li. Slevln, 71 7 
ive., B'klyn. 

Ml If*. SSS» meets 
rsyth St. on 1st 
Mondays. Pres., 
!Vlne, 1016 Slmp- 
»c'y, W. Htrschler, 
St. 

MTla, Pres. United 
Ige No. 828, O. B. 
>rsyth St.), since 
n 6 months. Bom 
lussia. Came to 

Received ereneral 
ucatlon. Window 

68 Thomas St. 

Simpson St. 

o, B56, meets at 

th St. on 1st and 

iya. Pres., Sigr- 

Bch, 548 W. 146th 

P. Stelnlffer, 727 

, Ia I. City. 

niiwid, Pres. Uni- 

Iffe No. 656 O. B. 

115th St.), since 

1858 In Germany. 

. S. 1826. Received 

ewish education. 

211 4th Ave. Res.: 

ith St. 

r*. ars, meets at 
t., on 1st and 8rd 
Pres., IC Schneer, 
cey St Sec'y, B. 
aum. 286 So. 8rd 
I. 

o. 44, meets at 79 

St., on 1st and 

ys. Pres.. Nathan 

1406 Vyse Ave 



Sec'y, H. Rafalowits, 1588 
Hoe Ave. 

Gerllav, Natkam, Pres. Wein- 
berg Lodfire No. 44. O. B. A 
(79 Delancey St.), since 
1914. Term 6 months. Born 
1865 in Russia. Came to U. 
S. 1876. Received ereneraJ 
Jewish and secular educa- 
tion. Installment dealer. 
Res.: 1406 Vyse Ave. 

Wlesmer No. S74, meets at 151 
Clinton St. on 1st and 2rd 
Saturdays. Pres., Jacob 
Levin, 818 168rd St. Sec'y, 
H. Shelnberg, 28 Scammel 
St 

Levin, Jacob, Pres. Wlesner 
Lodge No. 874, O. B. A. (151 
Clinton St.), since 1915. 
Term 6 months. Born 1869 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1892. Received general Jew- 
education. Binding: 4 5 
6th Ave. Res.: 818 E. 163rd 
St 

Yorkvllle Ho. 908, meets at 10 
W. 114th St on 1st and Srd 
Sundays. Pres., Sol Cohen. 
509 W. 160th St Sec'y. C 
Barrach, 1619 2nd Ave. 
Cohen, Sol, Pres. Yorkvllle 
Lodge No. 808. O. B. A. (10 
W. 114th St), since 1915. 
Term 6 months. Born 1875 
in England. Came to U. S. 
1887. Attended high school. 
Chiropodist: 100 W. 28rd 
St Res.: 509 W. 160th St 

^o. 104, meets at 232 Broome 
St. on Ist and Srd Satur- 
days. Pres., Abraham 
Harris, 151 B. 112th St 
Sec'y. R. Berger. 165 B. 4th 
St. 



Order Sons of Zion 

44 Eut 28rd Street 

OFFICBRS: Prea,. Jacob S. SfaU, 807 Pu 
B'klyn. Sec'y. Jacob Ish-Kishor, 140 Clara i 
Eetabllahed 1907. Incorporated 1910. 

MEMBERSHIP: Total number of lodges In 
Number of lodges in N. Y. C, 21. ToUl men 
U. S., 4,600. Membership In N. T. C, 1,360. A 
to N. Y. members, (16.24 per annum. Fratertia 
Insurance baaed on American Experience Table . 

PURPOSE: "Alms to improve tbs coudltloD o 
Jewish people at large and to help the Zionli 
create for the Jewish people a publicly owned, 
cured home In Palestine." 

BENEFITS: Graded insurance against dea 
from (100.00 to (2,000.00. Healtb and accident 

ACTIVITIES: Supports Jewish and Zionist 1 
Institutions. Encourages tlie study of the Hebrei 

Jacob S, Htrahl was born in New Yorh In 187 
cated in the New York Public and High Schools a 
his degree of Bachelor of Laws from the New 
School In Mi'il. He was vl.'iied Jiislice of di, 
Court of the Citv of New Vrjik in iitOlt, Trior 




HBBtiaXB 



98t 



leMAjr. FreS:;^: Hyi&an 
rnett. 1666 iSnd . 8t, 
^^^ Se«'y^,I«. HaiTU»-69 

tt, Hyaufm, I^ Pises. 
Zton Ass'n No. 18» O. 
U(^ Lenox. Ave.)* since 
'erm. 1 year. BOI*fi 1877 
Bsia. . Came to .U. . S. 
Received L. 1*. B. at 
Jniverslty-Law! SjDhool. 
r: 132 Nassau St. 
1665. 43rd St, B'klyn, 



No. 29, meets at 

Marks PI., on'ldt and 

>ndays! Pres.^ Si. Nap- 

1449 Cropsey Ave,. 

Sec'y, S. Plschler. 

120th St.- 



Elom CMip Ifo^ 80, 

at 760 BS. 160th St. on 
1 3rd Sundays. Pres.. 
son. 829 E. 167th St. 
N. Kllenbo&en, , 665 
Ave. ~ . 



olfMohm Camji^ IVo. 21. 

at 43 E. 3rd St.'on 2nd 
th Saturdays. '' Pres., 
oldbergr. 1857 W. 8th 
clyn; Sec'y, 8. Jwden- 
,911 So. Blvd. 



Ptaflker Vo, 41, meets 
and 3d Sundays. Pres.. 
Liurle, 1421 Prospect 
,Sec'yr Ph. Sol^olaky. 
yse Ave., Bronx. 

Max, Pres. Dr. Leon 



r^nsker Camp Nu. 41. O. s. 
Z.; ele<:ted 1917. Term 6 
months. JBorn 1866 in Rus- 
sia. Came to U.:S. 18 9X; Re- 
. ceived ^enecal . Jewlshj edu- 
cation. Res.: 1421 Prpspject 
Ave. . 

• ■■• ^ .• 

Ur, SoIomoM NeiinuiSB K*. jjSS, 

meets at 57 St. Marks Pl,:on 
2nd and 4>tbc .• ^€9Hi«a[da<ys. 
Pres., .Abraham? Fenster- 
' stock, 89 W. 29th St. ; Soc'y, 
P. Arnold, 214 Forsyth St. 

Dob Abarbamel Caaip No. 49, 

■ meets'' at 400- Stone Ave*. 
B'klyn- ori" lat and 8rd 
Wednesdays^ Pres., Victor 
Schwarz;- 1572 B. Parkway, 
fe'kiyn*. Sec?y. M.'C. Lasko- 
wltz. 1707 Pltkm Ave. 
Schwars, Victor, Pres. Don 
Abarbanel Camp No. 49, O. 
S;-Z. '(40 . St o n e^AVe.. 
6'klyn)r' s!ii«e H»10. ^T%prm 
6 months. Born iSiS- In 
Tiirkey. Came to IT. S. 1904. 
Educated at German Bftr- 
gerschule, Viennese Oythna- 
sium. Insurance: 1783 Pit- 
kin Ave., B'klyn. Rcsl: 1572 
Eadtern ParkWay/^'lCTytll*' * 

Eiira ZfOn Cattip NO. 12, me6ts 

at 601 WUlougrhby /AVe., 
;.B:klyri on .;idt and ird 
Thursdays. Pres., .^dWftrd 
Cahn. 132 Nassau St..' fi'ffiyn. 
Sec'y, Ph. Rosenblum. 892 
B'way, R'klyn.. - . , .• 



. • ^ » 



Friend*- of Zion Camp No. 2. 

meets at 29 W. 116th, S<. .-on 



COHMUNAL. BEOIBTKR 



iua and *lh *luiia->M. I'res.. 


N, Elterman, 11)1 tlH 


S. J. WelnBltiin, »19 Whit. 


Bklyn. 


lock Ave. Secy, M. L. Qub- 




«ow, 118 K. ll«th St. 


Klnnerelh Camp No i) 


Wriaatria, 8. J_ Fres. 


Z. (ISIt Glltta tit, B' 


PrltndB of Zion Camp No, 2, 


Blnrel91S-Term 1 r*" 


o. s. z- (S9 w. neih at). 




■Ince 1»1T, Temi 6 moolliB. 


S. 1887. Received c 


Born ISBO In Rub«I)i. Cum* 


and leeal education. 




yer: 188 B-way- R« 


general Jewish education 


SOth St., B'klyn 


VcK'tablt-a iind Ollii: 1834 




Park Ave, lu-s,: SI 9 Whli 


tlBxea DavM Caaip K 


lock Ave. 


meet* at 118 Hop 




Ave., BlOj-n. Pres. I 




man. *lt Powell St. B 


at SO Cllnlon SL on lat and 





MUTUAL AID AOUrom 



r tn Buwla. 
1904. lUMlTed a 
Jewish edueatkiii. 

nt business. 

lale BU KkDm. 



No. 

; St4 Hendris BU 
*r9M^ M, Btakowtts. 
wood St., B'kljm. 



See'y, Charles Passman. <8< 
Bssex St.. B'klyn^ 



w< 



k sf MlMiMa 
IfcaBumB Camp Ma, Sib 

meets at S7 St. Marks PI. on 
Snd and 4tb Wednesdays. 
Prea. Mrs. B. Koppslman, 
144 RlYlnvton St Satf'y. 
Miss Arnold. tS Alien St. 



Oi-der of the tJhlted ncbrew Brothc 

71 Second Bnwet 

OfWceKS: Central Masler, Meyer Greenbcrg. 39 
St CsDtral Seg'yB, Joseph DeioUn, .71 2ad St.: It' 
Cb«rkass, 71 2nd St. 

MEMBERSHIP: Total memberBhtp,- 1800. Ixm 
N. T, C, 12. BatabllBhefl 1916. - Io«orpoFat»d I9II 

PCRPOSE: "To promote social Intercourse amon; 
bera. To provide an opportunily for dlacusslon fit ( 
relating lo the betterment ot their conditions. an<] 



BENEFITS: Free burial, Helpa members In i 
Bncouragee Its members to insure themselves with 
Life Insurance Co. 

OreenberR, Mejer, Pres. Order United Hebrew B 
(71 B. 2d St.), alDce I91B. Term 5 <rears. Born ' 
N. Y. Graduated N. Y. U. Law School. Lawyer. B 
Nassau St. 

LtJlMJES l\ NRW YOKK CITY 



PHILANTHROPIC AGENCIES 



985 



le to U. S. 188S. 
I Hunir<Lry. Res.: 

h St. 

K Fiiendn No. 10, 
Ave. A. every 
^res. Samuel Q. 
: E. 7th St. Sec'y. 
. 47 Pitt St. 



• 8aai«el« Pres. 
ung Friends No. 
. B. (30 Ave. A). 
1. Term 1 year, 
n Austria. Came 
D. Received pub- 
and higrh school 
Mtgr, soaps: 
ay. Res.: 212 E. 



reyfus i*odiKe No. 

it 276 E. Hous- 
Ind and 4th Hon- 
I.. H. Siegel. 712 
Ave. Sec'yt L. 
190 So. 8th St.. 



ler No. 21, meets 
syth St. 'on 2nd 
ndays. Pres., M. 
294 Broome St. 
tregrman, 9 Front 



k Lo4se No. 20. 

S6 E. Houston St. 
3 4th Thursdays. 

Shlldkret, 58 St. 
Sec'y, B. Llnd- 
. 3rd St. 

Max, Pres. Sam 
ere No. 20, O. U. 
6 Houston St.); 



•lected 1917. Term 6 months. 
Born 1869 In Russia. Came 
to U. S. 1906. Received 
general Jewish aducation. 
Electrician. Res.: 68 St. 
Marks PI. 

Sholem Alclehosa No.-S» meets 
at 219 Roebllnff St., B'klyn 
on Ist and Srd Sundays. 
Pres., Morris Lostfoffel* 106 
Cook St., B>klyn. Sec'y, J. 
D e m 1 a n, 280 Keap St., 
B'klyn. 

lAmttom^U Morris, Pres. 
Sholom Aleichem Jjodge No. 
5. O. U. H. B. (219 Rofebling: 
St., B'klyn), since 1916. 
Term 6 months. Born 1867 
in Russia. Came to U. S. 
1888. Received greneral edu- 
cation. Res.: 106 Cook St., 
B'klyn. 

Tobo Greeabcrir No. •• meets 
at 169 Suffolk St. on 2nd 
and 4th Saturdays. Pres., 
Rosy Sheer, 142 Norfolk St. 
Sec'y, G. Krlstenopoler, 
323 E. 9th St. 

United Kallscher No. 17. meets 
at 125 Rivington St. Pres., 
Nuchlm Ehrich, 64 Sheriff 
St. Sec'y, Mr. Feinsilver, 196 
Livonia Ave.. B'klyn. 

Ehrich, N«chlm, Pres. Unit- 
ed Kalischer Lodfire No. 17 
O. U. H. B. (125 Rivington 
St.), since 1916. Term 6 
months. Born 1872 in Aus- 
tria. Came to U. S. 1901. 
Received general Jewish 
education. Res.: 64 Sheriff 
St. 



Philanthropic Agencies 



PHILAKTHBOPIC AGENCIES 989 

JEWISH PHILANTHROPY IX 
NEW YORK CITY 

y Morris D. Waldman, Executive Director, 
Federated Jewish Charities, Boston, Mass. 

all no doubt astonish the average person who re- 
> the Communal Register to find so large a number 
ritable relief societies. It is true that most of them 
ry small, many of them confining their activities to 
1 sections of the city or to certain groups of needy 
. The very existence of many of them is even un- 
to those actively engaged in social work. Under 
ircumstances there must be considerable relief work 
1 the city of New York by many groups of people 
unorganized and uncoordinated way. Duplication 
ief, conflict and confusion in the treatment of 
js are inevitable. The only comfort that can be 
d in the thought of so large a number of unrelated 
zations, is the fact that their number indicates 
ide is the impulse for service that moves all ele- 
in the Jewish popiUation. These organizations 
ute a tremendous potential force for good. The 
iality can only be realized if some means will be 
i successfully to standardize their work and 
ite their activities. 

vis have been made in this direction within the past 
ars by the establishment of two organizations, first, 
deration for the Support of Jewish Philanthropic 
ies, and second, the Bureau of Philanthropic Re- 
. The Federation now embodies eighty-four Jewish 
ible and educational organizations in Manhattan 



)0 



COUHUNAL 



id the Bronx, to whom it makea appropriatioDB withii 
Le Limitation of its income and subject to the rwtnf 
ons surrounding its eBtablisliraent. Because of tlie* 
istrictiona, the Federation has no authority to dirwL 
ipervise and standardize the work of the various "f 
mizations. It can iuliuence thera in their work o\i} 
I so far as it controls the amount of appropriatii 
tch organizutioQ in excess of its permanent comniilmeDt 
hie commitment is an annual appropriation equal 
/erage annual income of the organization during tl* 
re years prior to the establishmnut of the Federation 
It can readily be seen that unless the Federatiw 
jquires a larger control in the direction of tiie work of 
lc constituent societies, some other means must bf si"' 
oyed to bring about improvement in the charitablf 
itivities in the city. The need for improvement, pw- 



PHILAMTHBOPIC ACTENCIBB 



991 



w York is unlimited. Indeed, the technic and 
ence which it is fast developing could, in time, 
.ced at the disposal of other Jewish communities 
United States for similar purposes, 
most significant thing that has been disclosed 
work among the Jewish poor of New York is not 
ct that the number of dependents is larger than 
)f any other city in the country. This would 
illy be expected because the Jewish population of 
fork is greatly in excess of that of any other city 
United States. The striking thing is, that in spite 
! rapid increase of the Jewish population, due to 
[ration as well as to natural causes, the number 
pendent families has steadily diminished year by 
not only proi)ortionately but actually, with the 
tion of those few years in which business depres- 
produced much unemployment and distress. The 
ing figures, published by the United Hebrew 
ties during the period between 1901 and 1916, both 
(nilies under care and families materially aided, 
m this statement : 



No. o( 

Families 

Under Care 


No. 

Materially 

Aided 




No. o( 
Families 
I'nder Care 


No. 

Materially 

Aided 


11,447 




1909 


10,296 


6,576 


10,061 


8,125 


1910 


9,283 


5,655 


10,924 


7,920 


1911 


7,838 


5,177 


10,334 


8,070 


1912 


7,140 


4,589 


10,015 


6,293 


1913 


6,498 


3,996 


8,643 


4,827 


1914 


7,208 


4,285 


8,970 


5,201 


1915 


9,274 


5,454 


10,776 


6,612 


1916 


6,014 


3,681 



2 rOMMI'NAI.. RKdlSTKA 

This is particularly gratifying in the light of the fnQl 
at the number of dependent families timoiig oth«i 
^meuts in the city, judging by the experience of ether 
ivate relief agencies, has increased in proportion W 
e increase of their population. This proves that llw' 
wa from eastern European countries are not willing 
pendents. On the contrary, they loake every effort 

eare for themselves and thus remain sc| f-rcspcc.lii* 

well as self-supporting. It is impostiihle to ilelcrraiBf 
th scientific accuracy what all of the factors have beeo 
at have produced this satisfying situatfou. Tlkere il 
I doubt, however, that notwithstanding the great handi- 
ps ivhich they have suffered by reason of igiioranK 

the language and customs of this country, they bavt 
livkly adjusted ihi'msclvus Id the new (■(uidiliuiis. .Many 

them have become very prosperous. No better evi- 



PHIiiANTHBOPlC AGENCIES 



993 



uiiemployment, sickness aud death of the breadwin- 
r. These agencies are the many hundreds of mutual 
I organizations such as lodges, chevrahs aud trade 
ions. The hope for Jewish philanthropy in New York 
»ts largely in the possibilities of these mutual aid 
sieties. They are increasingly responsible, there is little 
ubt, for the gradual diminution in the need for 
aritable relief. 



TIIK L'MTEIl HKBItKW OHABITIEB OF THE CITY <» ] 
NEW VORK AM> HUBSIDIAItV RELIEJ^ AGICNaC8 

I!)' Abrnham Os^nitT, Mnnn^OT, I'nilrd Hebrciv ChorlU" 

Through an effort tending toward greater coordlnitiu 
among relief agencies, the United Hebrew Cbarilles f 
organized in 1874. Under a special act of the I.^glWiin'* 
of the State ot New York, incorporation was effectui It 
18T7. At its Inception, It was an outgrowth of the Hebm 
llDnevolent and Orphan Asylum Society and at the Umi ^ 
incorporation Jt included a contederation of the lollowlnl 
organizations: 

The Hebrew Benevolent and Orphan Asylum Socletj, 

The Hebrew Benevolent Fuel AsBociatlon. 

The Hebrew Rellet Society. Cong. Shearltli Israel, 

The Ladles' Benevolent Society. Cong. Qatea ot Pnyw. 

The Hebrew Benevolent Ladies' Society of TorfcvlUe. 

To-day the most Imporlant relief agencies, indeed nwrlj 
all, form the I'niled Hebrew Charities, which stands oui u 
the agency bearing the burden of the community's problea 
ill the care of Ihe poor in their homes. Through an arrsnp- 
inent with the non-Jewish oreatilzatlons such as the ChiriD 
Organization Society, the Association (or Improving tbf 
i'mditliin or (he Poor and rhe St. Vincent de Paul Socleif, 



PHILAXTHBOPIC AGENCIES 995 

. In the Supply Department 79,354 articles of clothing 
hoasehold necessities were provided for the families 
ing to the attention of the organization. 15,117 gar- 
its were made and repaired, giving employment at the 
e time to a number of persons whom necessity has 
ight to the attention of a relief agency. In the Medical 
artment, through a staff of nurses assisted by codperat- 
eUnics, medical aid and social service are administered. 

1 the Self-Help and Self-Support Department 94 families 
e granted loans and started In small businesses in an 
rt to re-inculcate in these families individual respon- 
iity and make them once more Independent and self- 
int. In the Work Room, women were given employment 
enabled to learn a trade, at the same time supporting 
Qselves and families either wholly or In part. 

hrough the Committee for the Care of the Jewish Tu- 
ulous many persons afflicted with this disease, coming 
tie attention of the organization, were given proper and 
mate treatment in their homes, with full emphasis laid 
1 preventive care for both the afflicted individual and 
remaining members of his family. In the factory of 
Committee, many tuberculous patients, discharged 
1 the sanatoria, have been given employment and an 
>rtanity to rehabilitate themselves in suitable work 
w conditions especially adapted for their proper care. 

Iirougb the National Desertion Bureau, the problem of 
I desertion has been given intensive treatment and the 
uin has made itself felt In a very practical way, in the 
iction of the number of such cases handled by the United 
rew Charities as well as in the reduction of the expen- 
re for these purposes. During the year prior to the 
blishment of this Bureau, the United Hebrew Charities 
lied over 400 cases of desertion; during the year 1917 
number has been reduced to 151. The amount of relief 
nrsement to tiiese families during the past year has 
1 $12,090 as against $37,000 in the year prior to the 
blishment of the Bureau. 

brongh the Community Employment Bureau, which is 
'entioned by the United Hebrew Charities, work has 
I obtained for those applicants who are physically able 
ork. 

. the Industrial Department 28,401 bags filled with cast- 
ilothlng and other materials have been collected from 
»art8 of the City of New York. The material thus ob- 
)d has been used either directly for persons applying 



__ the Hebrew Technical Sc 

Home, the Stuyvesant J 

j^j Commerce, Morris High 

In Julia Richman High Scl 

Ch School, the Vocational Sc 

j^ Vocational School. 

Officers: Leo|M>lcl Plai 
Adolph Le^visohn, Hon. ^ 
Natlian, Vice-Pres., 128 I 

— 632 Broadway; Mark K. 

Street; Samuel Weil, ' 

Abraham OserolT, Kxecut 

Plaut, Leopold, was t 

child of seven, he was bn 

received his education ii 

City, and attended the Co 

-' went into the business of 

successful. Mr. Plaut i 
— thropy, and is activel} 

charitable institutions. 1 
— Hebrew Charities at 356 S 

charitable institution in 1 




Ri 
la 
Ch 




PHILANTHROPIC AOBNCIRS 



999 



OF RELIEF SOCIETIES IN 
NEW YORK CITY 



it SocletT, lis- 116 
t. Pres., Mrs. L. 
(5 West End Ave. 
. H. Llchtenstein. 
th St. Org. 1896. 
I with the United 
laritles. Constitu- 
er of Federation 
jpport of Jewish 
pic Soc Budffet: 
JRPOSB: To give 
(Very kind to the 
>or after Invest! - 
CTIVITIBS: Pro- 
ey. fuel, clothingr. 
e s , medical aid. 
d transportation, 
r children on out- 
ures employment, 
clubs, a circulat- 
y, religious class- 
^ sewing and em- 
lasses. 

, Mrs. L., Pres. 
9llef Soc. (lis E. 
since 1915. Term 
3orn 1862 in N. Y. 
public school edu- 
es.: .885 West End 



ao^ Free Kosker 

19 T h r o o p Ave.. 
es.. Isidore David - 
eonard St., B'klyn. 
man Hirshhe. 21 
t.. B'klyn. Estab- 
l. PURPOSE: "To 
od for the poor at 
n and to send food 
>mes." 

laldor, Pres. Beth 
m Free Kosher 



Kitchen, since 1916. Term 1 
year. Born 1859 In Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1898. Received 
general education. Hard- 
ware business. Res.: 151 
Leonard St.. B'klyn. 

Betk-El 8l«terkoo4, 829- S81 B. 
62nd St. Pres.. Mrs. L. 
Kohns. 2S W. 56th St. Sec'y. 
Mrs. J. Anspach. 260 W. 70th 
St. Incorporated 1890. AC- 
TIVITIES: Dispenses to the 
sick, infirm and worthy 
Hebrew poor, nourishing 
food, clothing, medical aid 
and general relief. Conducts 
a day nursery and kinder- 
garten, an employment bu- 
reau, sewing classes, religi- 
ous schools, mothers' meet- 
ings, sewing society, work- 
ing girls' clubs, home circle 
for young girls, boys' and 
girls' clubs, school childrens' 
lunches, study class, dress- 
making, millinery and In- 
d u s t r i a 1 classes, public 
baths, apron Industry, syna- 
gogue, care for school chil- 
dren whose mothers are 
working. 

Beth Sholom Sfjiterkood, Bay 

24th St. and Benson Avr. 
Pres.. Mrs. Louise M. Stern. 
8709 23d Ave.. B'klyn. Sec'y. 
Mrs. E. Schreler. 8642 20th 
Ave.. B'klyn. Estab. 1905. 
Budget, $3,000. Membership 
142. PURPOSK: **To maln- 
tftln a Jewish school. Com- 



COUHUNAL RKOtBTEB 



mutitt7 Actlvltlea. Inmedl- 
ata Charily." 

stern, Hh. LohIM X„ Free. 
Betb Sholom Slalerhood 
(Bay Z4th St., and Benson 
Ave., B'klyn). linoe 1914, 
Term 3 yeora. Born 1B83 In 
N. Y. Recelvei] colleKe edu- 
cation. Res.: STOe 23rd Ave., 
Bklyn. 



Oonteet loner: IV 
pher St.. B klyn. 
ChrtMopher St., B' 

Ore* Scvrlas Clael< 

a. lOlat at. Prts., 
a. Levor. 4ia W. 
Bee's, . Mrs. Annl 
helmer, 4> St Nlc: 
race. B a t a b 1 1 s 









momber ot Fed«i 


Fund. PreB., Ida demons. 


the. Support of Je 


104 W. 70th Si: HBtnbllBhed 


lanthroplo Boclctl 


IBIO. PURPOSE: "To Klve 


P08E: "To suppor 


day outlnSB to mothers and 


In the dtstrict-V 


children of the tenements In 


ITIES: Distribute! 


any part ot the rlly ot New 


pays rents. Tal 


York during the hot aeas- 


Charge of applica 




Ing C-lrele for (.-hil 


S0.1 29 oullnns worp held 


l«v»r. nrllr F... I' 




PHU/ANTj^tltOHIC AQENCIES 



1001 



tiTc Jtfiriak Aid Soc, 

Beth Blohlxn, • Qar- 

1. and 8th Ave., 

Pres., Oertrude 

hoix, 68 Grove St., 

Sec'y, Mrs. Morris 

. 828 Sterling PL. 

Established 1910. 

ship about 1,200. 

r every second Tues- 

the month, PUR- 
'To assist In the pre- 

of tuberculosis, and 
d in Incipient cases, 
arly to Jewish pa- 
in the Borougrh of 
n.*' ACTIVITIES : 
s diet for patients at 
Has standing^ com- 
for B'klyn Hospitals 
i there are Jewish 
patients. This com- 
grives needed aid to 
patients. Contributes 
hly allowance of the 
•np Rutterford Pt. of 
!nd St. A monthly 
ce to the fresh air 
i 8 , connected -with 
n schools. Provides 
id clothing: to poor 
dy. 

i^ls, Gcrtnide, Pres. 
ptive Jewish Aid 

of Brooklyn (Gar-' 
. and Elgrhth Ave.. 

since 1916. Term 2 
Born in U. S. Re- 

colle^e education. 

Grove St., B'klyn. 

r«ii'a Haven of Par 

mj, Hollywood Ave., 
ikaway, L. I. Pres., 
nee M. Sommerlch. 
I Ave.. Par Rocka- 



way, L. I. Sec'y, Mrs. Liouls 
Wormser, Lawrence, h. I. 
Matron, Mrs. Amy Levy, 
Hollywood Ave., Fe.r Rock.- 
aw^y, L.I. Established 
1914< Incorporated 1917. 
PURPOSE : "To care fpr 
children under the ag^e of 
seven« whose mothers, be- 
cause of illness, ave tempor> 
arily unable to take care of 
them." Open 'to children 
from all parts of Greater 
New York, average length 
of stay being: four weeks 
but varying: from ten days 
to three months." 

Soatmerlch, Floremee M., 

Pres. The Children's Haven 
of Par Rocka^ay (Holly- 
wood Ave., Far Rockaway), 
since 1914. Term 1 year. 
Born in N. Y. Received 
collegre education. Res.: 
Franklin Ave.. Par Rocka- 
way, L. I. 

Iiliiiaiiaei SInterkeod of Per- 
Nonal Service, 318-320 E 
82nd St. Pres., Mrs. Alex- 
ander Kohut. Sec'y, Mrs. 
Leopold S. Bache. Sup*t, 
Mrs. Carton, 818 E. 82nd St. 
Budg:et for 1917, 163,113. 
Constituent member of Fed- 
eration for the support 6f 
Jewish Philanthropic Socl- 
tles. ACTIVITIES : Relief 
for District between 76th 
Street and 90th Street. 

■ East of 5th Ave. Nursing: 
Department, Visiting- Nurs- 
es. Children's Clinic, Clinic 
for Women. Work-room foi- 
Handlcaixped Women. Em- 
ployment Bin en u for Dhv 



j^^H^^H^^II 


1002 LOJIMUNAL 


RBOIBTSK 


Workers. D»y Nuisery, Km- 


Received High School . 


dersarlen, HellKlous School 


cktlon. R«i. 1«61 lint™ 


and RellpIoUH Services. IP- 


Ave. 


dualrlal ClasBeS. ClasaM In 


I'll* HaMUh l.n\mnharm S 


Piano ana Violin. OrchMtrB, 


.l'>.merly Clnr- Jc Bl 


Junior and Senior CIvbB tor 


lionis tor Immlai-aiu Gli 


Boys and Girls, Mothsrs' 


ttl B. nth 81- Pros-. ; 


Cluh, Red Cross Unit, ClVlc 


U»c«r 9tr«u» ilt W 


Work with Allenii. 


St. 8c«'y. Miss C»r.l. 1* 


Kotant. M» AlHS-dn-. Pre. 


Ite Central Park « 


Emanuel Sisterhood of Per- 


Bup't Mlas JulU RosMib 


sonal Service {330 E. Sand 


IIS E. 11th ("t. Kiislilli 


St.), since 1>16. uiid Feder- 


iLfid incorpori-.ted ISO! I" 


ated Employment Bureau 


POSE: "To h«lp, protecl 


(or Jewish airts (SO W. 3»tti 


guide Immlsrant K'"" 


Sti, since 191*. Term I 


charged from Bills Isl 


year. Born 1SI« tn Hun- 


by th* eo¥«rDn«iit.- 


gary. Came lo U. S. lg«» 


ars Blveil personal direct 



: 30! W 87tti f 



roundlnifs are bendl' 
They hav atcess to clu 
In beginner's English 



PHILANTHROPIC AOBNCIES 



1008 



Ind Ave. and Slst 8t 
Samuel WeiL Incor- 
l 184». ACTIVITIES; 
les fuel to needy He- 

throuRh the United 
r Charities, of which 

constituent. 

Uoase amd Relief fer 
lytlvea, 7 Q r a h a m 
)'klyn. Treas., Mrs. 
. Katske. 

Relief Soelety of tke 
f New York. Incor- 
I by Act of Legisla- 
iBsed April 11. 1831. 
poleon Levy, Pres.. 
J. Ellas, Treas. The 
ary Relief Society of 
inlsh and Portuguese 
nation Shear! th Is- 
rhlch in the early 
>f the City, was the 
ssociation In N. T.. 
ffave assistance to 
teedy brethren. The 
r Relief Society ''re- 
Indigent persons of 
Irish persuasion" and 
of the constituent 
m of the United He- 
luirities. 

I I4i«lei^ Aid Soc^ 

144th 8t Pres.. Mrs 

firsh. 7S6 Riverside 

Seo'y, Miss LaurA 
an. BfiO W. 144th St. 
shed 18X8. Tncorpor- 
892. Budsret. about 

Membership, about 

TTVTTTBS: Gives Im- 

s assistance to any 

momentarily In din- 



tress, and continues such 
assistance until they can 
help themselves. 

Hlmk, Mrs. Max, Pres. Hun- 
grarla Ladies' Aid Soc. (540 
W. 144th St.): elected 1917. 
Term unlimited. Born 1878 
In Austria. Came to U. 8. 
1895. Received public school 
education. Res.: 726 River- 
side Drive. 

lad. Daairhtem of David of 
JeraaaleM, 62 Pitt St. Pres.. 
Mrs. Rose Lochover. 885 E. 
85th St. Sec'y. Mrs. Sarah 
Richland. 28 WiUett St. Es- 
tablished and incorporated 
1912. Meets on the first and 
third Saturdays, at 62 Pitt 
St. PURPOSE: To aid the 
af^ed people at Jerusalem. 
ACTIVITIES: Sends $1,600 
annually to Jerusalem. 

JewlNh Uplift Soelety, 98-99 
Nassau St. Pres.. David 
Shapiro. 99 Nassau St. Sec'y. 
Meyer Qreenber^. 99 Nassau 
St. Incorporated 1910. PUR- 
POSE: "For the suppression 
of the social evil and the 
protection of innocent wom- 
en, particularly tl.* je of the 
Jewish faith, and the sup- 
p r e 8 8 I o n of other evils 
which threaten the welfare 
of the community." 

Jewish i;%'omeB*ii Relief Asso- 
elation. Org:anlzed 1905. In- 
corporated 1909. Pres., Mrs. 
A. W. Honor. 54 E. 122nd St. 
Treas.. Mrs. L. Kamaiky, 9 
W. 120th St. Sec'y, Anita 
Rita. 1105 Forest Ave. Meetti 



COUUUNAL KEtilSTKR 



WedtiewlBy iifternauri, at 31 
W. UOIh St, PURP03B; To 
hoJii rfoerit axrlvaJfl to bt- 
pomc Bell-supportlnE, All 



29G, 

Ipwlah WorklBE Ulrlia' Vrnvm- 
llon MDcletr. PreB,, Mrs. 
Siiijiuel Greenbaum. 3 East 
Slth St. TreaB., Mrs.. Rachel 
Mayer. EsLBbllshed ISfD. 
lnoorpDTDt«d .1BS2. Budget 
for leiT. }17,aD0. Constltu- 



r of I 



. FeiJPi 



lion tor liie Supporl of Jaw 
iHh PhllBnlhropIc SoeLellef 
PUQPOSB: To provide va 



•ra during conli^ 
IhrouKh the Ur.lIiHt I 
Charlllea, of whloli I 
constituent. C»cs a 
tended at Ibe mal 
irard of Sydenham Ho 
341 E. llSIh St. 
tToliFB, Fw9mr*it A. Prt 
dlM' Ileb. I.yiiig-|B 
Sou, ISSi ]nd Aval. 
1887. Term L yew. 
1828 In n. S. R*orll<4 
eruj Jewish ed U r.*I 
Charity WorktM' Hn 



17Stli SL Sec'y. 1 
Lowenhpru. 439 Jpr 
Eif«al>elh, N, J. F.: 
Ini-orpoi-fllod 189*. 



PHUiAMTHBOPIC AOBNcW 



1005 



dent Order of True 
Supplies braces, 
I appliances, milk, 
cripples. Pres., Mrs. 
Baran, 21 Ft. Wash- 
Ave. Sec'y, Mrs. I. 
210 E. 68th St. 

ek SUterhood. 18 W. 

t. Pres., Mrs. Moritz 
n. Sec'y, Mrs. M. 
an. ACTIVITIES : 
ns a religious school 
ection with the Syn- 

B, Clara, Pres. Ohab 
Sisterhood (18 W. 

It), since 1911. Term 
Born 1870 in United 
Received college 

on. Res.: 114 W. 120th 



Oaer Dallm, 68 W. 

t. Incorporated 1913. 
rshlp. 250. PURPOSE: 
poor and needy Ori- 
Fews. Officers: Pres.. 
lorine Benollel, 68 W. 
It. Sec'y, Benoit Vel- 
» Bowery. 

Relief Ami^b. Pres.. 

Silberstein. Sec'y. 

Schwartzbaum, 351 
holas Ave. Organized 
Incorporated 1882. 
)SE: "To aid poor ob- 
IT Israelites, not as- 
by other societies, in 
lervance of the Pass- 

Over 700 families 
In 1917. 

IslBBd Helpers, 240 
kve. Pres., Dora 



Stowins, 2508 Seventh Ave. 
Sec'y, Rebecca EMscher. 1840 

7 th Ave. Established 1902. 
Membership 105. PURPOSE: 
"To improve conditions and 
promote the welfare of the 
Jewish feeble-minded and 
crippled inmates in the Hos- 
pital in Randalls Island. 
ACTIVITIES: Secures posi- 
tions for those able to be 
discharged, provides neces- 
saries and dainties for in- 
mates confined to their beds. 

8 t o w 1 B • » Dora, Pres. 
Randall's Island Helpers 
(240 2nd Ave.)» since 1914. 
Term 1 year. Born 1891 in 
Russia. Came to U. S. 1893. 
Received public school and 
business school education. 
Bookkeeper and stenograph- 
er. Res.: 2508 7th Ave. 

Ray of Svnshlae Clvb, estab- 
lished 1914. Pounded by 
Mrs. Philip Simon for the 
education of the young 
along philanthropic lines. 
Chapter I. Pres., Ruth 
S h 1 a n a h 1 p , 750 Kelly St. 
Sec'y, Sylvia Levenson, 610 
W. 178th St. Chapter II. 
Pres.. Emma Bernheim, 25 
Mt. Morris Park West. Sec'y. 
Etta Martin. 152 W, 118th 
St. Senior Branch: Pres., 
Mrs. Philip Simon. 547 W. 
157th St. Sec'y, Bertha 
Zobel, Hotel Endlcott PUR- 
POSE: To distribute "rays 
of sunshine" to those less 
fortunate. ACTIVITIES: 
Club has been very "suc- 
cessful in creating happi- 
ness among the Infants, or- 



(XJHMUNAL RBOIBTER 



rippled, the dtaf a 
ihv aged and iDllt 



ihroughout the clly. Dur- 
ing holidays, Ibey perBOnal- 
ly distributed dlnnera. con- 

Kour. Milk and Ice were gup- 
piled for mttny tHitlllles. 
»>■□ clothlnK' They liaVH 
taken care ot a atrandrd 
gill who was 111, by pttylntt 
Tor hiT board snd lode'lnc 
linill ahe waa »lile to sup- 
port herself. Slippers wei e 
nupplli'd for lii» patlptita ai 
line of the hOBpUnls, PLpnIi 

dreds of orphan children; 



etitlrt 



a nml 



^Ibob, lUehcl, ITu., [' 
Sunahlne Club, i\nc 
Born ISGT In BnitUnl 
to U. a 188K. ReCfhP 
lie achool educHIIOTi 
B« W. 167th et. 

HoBmnBlBB CcBlral 
CumalltF*. OrgaDlm 

Ainilated oreanlMttDi 
Mset« on Mondays il 
T7th Bl- PtM- Df 
legeUMIn. IH B. H 



SfC'V, 



Mar 



B I 



PHIIiANTHBOPIO AOBNCm 



1007 



iberculosil caaei. 
/ities are: after- 
\g classes, where 
re taught sewing, 
>od furnishlnff the 
id whatever gar- 
r make are their 
venlngr classes for 
Is and boys. In 
>U8 school there 
one hundred hoys 
ranging In ages 
e to fourteen, 
leetlngs are well 
lavlng from 70 to 
s. On Chanuka 
. celebrations are 
gifts of groceries 
"^g apparel, which 
provide, are dls- 
Jthough the socl- 
paM Investigator, 
give personal ser- 
visit the poor at 
iS. Member of the 
1 for the Support 
Philanthropic So- 
New York City. 
> n d a y of each 
ard meeting. Sec- 
ly^ business meet- 



»f Atereth Israel. 

id St. Pres., Mrs. 
: t a Mayer, 1826 
m Ave. S e c * y . 
Daub. 125 E. 88rd 
shed 1887. Budget 
IPOSB: "To assist 
regatlon Atereth 
charitable work." 
mrietta, Pres. Sis- 
if Atereth Israel 
12nd St.) ; elected 
nn 1 year. Bom in 



U. S. Received general edu 
cation. Res.: 1826 Wash- 
ington Ave. 



SIvterhoAd of the Comi 

ttoB Orach OhalBft, 1463 Liez- 
Ington Ave. Pres., Mrs. 
Moses Hyamson, 116 E. 95th 
St. Sec'y. Mrs. B. Kaufman, 
981 Park Ave. Est. 1902. 
Budget. 18,500. Membership 
145. PURPOSE: "To help 
the poor of the surrounding 
neighborhood." A C T I V I- 
TIES: Provides religious in- 
struction for 400 children of ' 
the poor. Gives clothing to 
the needy children. Mothers' 
sewing circle. 

SlMterhood of the Spanish and 
l*ortumiefie Synairogne, 133 

Kldridge St. Pres.. Mrs. 
Mortimer M. Menken, 149 
W. 77th St. Est. 1897. In- 
corporated 1909. Budget 
$10,000. Membership 350. 
Constituent member of Fed- 
eration for the Support of 
Jewish Philanthropic Soci- 
eties of New York City. 
PURPOSE: "To do social, 
educational, religious and 
philanthropic work by per- 
sonal service." ACTIVI- 
TIES: Maintains Neighbor- 
hood House at 133 Eldridge 
St., dally religious services 
and Talmud Torah, clubs, 
classes, kindergarten, enter- 
tainment, dancing, lectures, 
reading room, relief and 
neighborhood visiting, sew- 
ing circle to provide gar- 
ments for the poor. Proba- 
tion work in the Night and 



nsLgogue, and unairman or 

Committee on Correctional 

and Penal Institutions in 

[ New York Section Council 

1 Jewish Women. Term, one 

'^ year. Born 1870 In N. Y.. 

received education at Gard- 
ner Institute. Volunteer 
Probation Officer. Res.: 149 
W. 77th St. 

Temple Iiirael Sinter hood, 65 

^ B. 120th St. Pres.. Mrs. Ber- 

nard Whitlock 2 W. 86th St. 
Sec'y, Mrs. L. Metsger, 924 

— West End Ave. Constituent 

member of Federation for 

^ Support of Jewish Philan- 

thropic Societies. Budgret for 

_ 1917, 19.505. ACTIVITIES: 

" Provides food, livlngr ex- 

pense, clothing:, etc., for the 
" poor. Maintains a Klnder- 

f^arten and a sewlnn? class 
for Rirls and classps In 
domestic science. 

I'nKed Charity Inntltatlonn of 
Jerusalem, 50 Suffolk St. 
Pres., Moses Wclssman. 104 
W. 115th St. Sor'y. Rev. 



PHUiANTHBOPIC AOENCIBi 



1009 



kaoer Charity Aid 

W. 117th St. Prei. 

J. Manne. 48 W. 
Scc'y, Mr. Scheller, 
th St. Established 
icorporated 1891. 
ibout 16.000." Mem- 
about 450. PUR- 
Po help our needy 
people to become 
ortlng." ACTfV'I- 
Maintalns pension 
regrular monthly 
i of stated amounts 
n need of such as- 

chiefly to old or 
laintains burial 
or the poor. 
lol. J., Pres.. United 
r Charity & Aid Soc. 
7th St.); since 1914. 
jrear. Born 1868 in 

Came to U. S. 1886. 

general education. 
48 W. 38th St. Res. 
rslde Drive. 

fothera' Fand Ann'n, 

>ry. Pres., Mrs. Wm. 
, 121 B. 67th St. 
[rs. Henry Boden- 
40 E. 83rd St. Es- 
I 1908. Incorporated 
igret of 1917, $40,000. 
E: "To take care of 
with dependent chll- 



ii*Pi and Women^s 9a- 
Ice Anxlllary of the 
■ Federation of 
:harltle«, 732 Flush - 
, B'klyn. Pres.. AI- 
Nova. 50 Court St. 
Sec. Max Abelman. 
shlnr Av«,. B'klyn. 



Established 1914. Ineoroor- 
ated. 1916. PURPOSE "To 
unite the Jewish youns men 
and women of the Borougrb 
of B'klyn Into an orsranlia- 
tlon of charitable endeavor 
In a concentrated eftort to 
do social service work for 
the promotion of good fel- 
lowship." ACTIVITIES: 
Maintains Investlgatlngr offi- 
cers at Children's court. 
Maintains a Jewish chap- 
lain at the Raymond St. Jail. 
Conducts a Bureaus of ad- 
vice and information. Biff 
Brother and Bis: Sister 
Work. Hospital social 
service. Affiliated with 
B'klyn Federation of Jewish 
Charities. 

Nova Alseron I., Pres., T. 
W. & Y. M. Social Service 
(732 Flushing Ave., B'klyn); 
since 1916. Term 1 year. 
Born 1881 in N. Y. Attended 
Polytechnic Institute, Co- 
lumbia University Law 
School. Lawyer: 50 Court 
St., B'klyn. Res. 257 New 
York Ave.. B'klyn. 

The Yorkville Joint Passover 
Relief Fund. Officers: Sara 
Hyamson, Chairman; Harry 
R o g gr e n, Treasurer; Mrs. 
Harry Stroll, Secretary. The 
three Synag-offues, Kehlllath 
Jeshurun, Orach Chalm and 
Plncus Elijah of West 95th 
St., and the Ahavath Chesed 
Sisterhood, the Amelia Re- 
lief Society, the Ceres Sew- 
ing- Circle, the Emanuel 
Sisterhood, the Yorkville 
Ladles' Benevolent Society, 



COHlfUNUi KEQlSTEIt 



and the Widowed Mother'* 
Fund AsBoola.tlon combined 
to K've ideQuately. Passover 



dUtrlct frot 



TEth 



IDGth 



InClUBlVF. 

Bach rumlly 
wlih Its size was given an 
■mplt BUiiulj' (if Mfltioth, 
from ID to 40 Ibi., and even 
&S IbB.. from one to nvH dol- 
lars nnil a lurge numbar re- 
cltved grocerlea. Great care 



laiipInK and to ■ 
desirable end. ■ 
Fund Aid and th 
Relief ABSDclallt 



in the dlBtrl 




PHniAMTHBOPIC AOSNODB 



iou 



LttAIca Dim^emwmrj of 

■«bwrs, 84 Cook St 



Stoterkooa of York- 

t04 B. 78th St.. 

Matero of Ckorlty, 851 

3t. 

Lid Society, 564 Bed- 
Yc^ B'klyn. 

rlrio Welfare Sodetx. 

istor. 



• B. Bnd Ave.. 



St.. 

ionteflore Relief So- 

Gun Hill Road and 
dgre Ave. 

1 lomUte Slek Fnnd. 

58tli St. 

aUak Siaterkood, 118 

I St. Pre*., Mrs. Max 
enson. 800 Riverside 



Skaamy Teflla SlaCcrkood of 
Personal Servlee. 60 W 

119th St. 

Slaterkood of tke Bok. Amer* 
team laraellto Coay^ SIO B. 

72nd St. 

I 

Slflterkood of tke Mt« Eloa 
Temple, 87 W. 119th St. 



Tke Hebrew Free Aid Soelety 

4060 12th Ave.. B*klyn. 

^^ / 

Tke Hebrew Skelterlas Soe. of 

Harlefa* 69 E. ip7th St 

Tke I^adleM' Anx. of tke Broaz 
HoMpltal, 960 Prospect Avo. 

Tke Womea*s Aojl. of tke 
Jewish IIos. of B'klym, 

Classan &. St. Marks Ave. 
B'klyn. 

Treanont Sloterkood. 180th St 
& Concourse. 

United Sisterhood. 476 62nd 

St, B'klyn. 

Youns Folks* Charity .\Ms*n. 

109 E. 116th St. 



T . 



) ■ 



In 
Ch 



The Federation of Siste 
the purpose of furthering 
ehange of opinion in the 
relief. It includes thirty 
with an individual mem 
Sisterhoods had their orig 
of the Emanuel Sisterho 
others followed in the sai 
of the next decade, 
relationship with the U 
one of gradual evolutior 
senting an annual expen^ 
in a co-operative capacity 
fief. Four of these, The -A 
Amelia Relief Society, the 
Deborah Benevolent Sociel 
the funds of the United E 

With one exception, the 
Portuguese Synagogue, wli 
Jews, and takes in all pa 
apportioned to tlio sisterl 
limited witliin definite go 



nt f nOC«» cn/jfirvnc r\P +1 



> .-v /«■» < 



PHILANTHBOPIC AQEN01B8 UKIS 

ilia Belief Society ; Boundary lines : beginning im- 

:ely north of 102d Street to 104th Street, east of 

Avenue. 

1 El Sisterhood; Boundary lines: beginning im» 

tely north of 42d Street to and including both 

of 70th Street, from Fifth Avenue to the Bast 

ai Jeshurun Sisterhood; Boundary lines: begin- 
mmediately north of 70l;h Street, including both 
of 76th Street, from Fifth Avenue to the Bast 

)8 Sewing Circle; Boundary lines: beginning im- 
:ely north of 96th Street to and including both 
•f 99th Street, east of Fifth Avenue. 
Drah Benevolent Society; Boundary lines: begin- 
mmediately north of 105th Street through 109th 
from Fifth Avenue to th^ East River, 
muel Sisterhood; Boundary lines: beginning im- 
»ly north of 76th Street to 90th Street, from 
Avenue to the East River. 

oi)h Sholem Sisterhood; Boundary lines: begin- 
it 90th Street through 96th Street from Fifth 
e to the East River. 

iray Tefila Sisterhood; Boundary lines: From 
y to 110th Street, west of Fifth Avenue, 
pie Israel Sisterhood; Boundary lines: East of 
Avenue from 119th Street to Harlem River and 
ing entire west side of Harlem, north of 119th 

he year 1917 out of a total of 4962 cases handled 
J United Hebrew Charities and the Sisterhoods, 
r approximately 23.7% were under the supervision 
latter, the remaining 3787 or 76.3% being United 
w Charities cases. During the same period the 
Hebrew Charities expended for relief the sum 
J,387.93. 



rffK 



Ri 
In 
Ch 



BETH ISRAEL HOSPll 

1890. Situated in the hear 
Israel Hospital is deslgne 
the sick poor among the « 
is equipped as a modern 
tures is the strictly koshe 
tients. Id its free dlspen 
from 1 to 5 P. M. 76,81 
72,878 prescriptions dis] 
Through Its social service 
of six trained medical so 
for those who are discharf 
and sends them to coun 
period of convalescence. 
United States Government 
ing from trachoma, thus 
ous cases. A special so 
patients suffering from 1 
particular effort being m 
occupation to prevent rec 
from heart disease is e? 
roof-garden has been eqi 
the treatment of infantile 
of the work of the hospit 

At present the hospital 
beds. During the year ] 
each remaining in the h( 

To meet the increased 
poor, the Hospital Assoc 
hospital on Livingston PI 
A convalescent home is « 

The Hospital is a mon 

pint of .i^'^vi^■h Philaiitli 

T>.,.i,..»t tor 1l«17 \v, 



PHILANTHBOPIC AGBNCIEB 1015 

tlon. He later became a Bucceaaful manufacturer and Ja 
today the head of the firm of Joseph H. Cohen, cloak and 
suit jnanufacturera (30-38 E. 33rd Street). 

Mr. Cohen flrat became interested in Jewish philanthropic 
work when he identified himself with the Beth Israel 
Hospital. After having served for some time as a member 
of the Board of Directors, he was elected president of the 
hospital in 1902 and has served in this capacity ever since 
I>uring this period the Beth Israel Hospital grew rapidly 
and became one of the most important Jewish institutions 
In this city. The fact that the activities of this institution 
are conducted in such a manner that orthodox Jews may 
aeeept its services without in any way violating their religi- 
ous scruples, is greatly due to the policy inaugurated and 
maintained by Mr. Cohen. 

As a member of the Board of Directors of the Machzike 
Talmud Torah, Mr. Cohen displayed great interest in the 
sdncatlonal and cultural activities of the Jews of New 
York City. He is a member of the Board of Jewish School 
Aid. He is also the treasurer of the Jewish Center, which 
promises to become an unique institution by catering to the 
▼arions religious, educational, cultural and social needs of 
Its members. It is now erecting a building suitable for all 
these purposes. 

Mr. Cohen, as a representative type of conservative Jewry 
in this city, has always manifested great interest in all 
Jewish problems and has participated in every important 
Jewish activity. 

MX. SINAI HOSPITAL, (Inc. 1862, amended 1865 and 
1867)» 100th and 101st Sts., between Madison and Fifth 
Avennes. (Tel. Lenox 4010). 

Mt. Sinai Hospital is a general hospital for the medical 
and surgical care of the sick, except those sufTerlng from 
centngious diseases. Situated in one of the most populous 
sections of New York City, it ministers to the needs of 
an classes, the poor sick being treated free of charge, while 
those who are able pay from $7.00 per week and upwards. 

Two dominant features hkve been present In the de- 
velopment of the Institution; on the one hand the effort 
to equip Mt. Sinai Hospital as a complete general hospital 
of the most advanced type, and on the other to make it 
a center of medical and surgical research of the highest 
aelentlfic standing. To carry out this plan consistently, 
an elaborate building program has been undertaken by tlie 
Hospital* by which much needed additions will be made 
le the present buildings and equipment. This program. 



pupirNurses, additional accon 

pfflcialB» for the resident med 
200 employees of both sexes. 
iJ at present in the process of c 

Cb Pathological Labratory, the 

. Children's Dispensary, the lat 

and equipment. It will con 

— pediatric department of the 

clinic, for a milk station 
mothers will be taught infac 

— ward for the care of tonsils 

small domitory to be used fc 
children of poor women wh 
at the hospital. 

While most of the work doi 
— curative character, the effort 

the results to scientific use I 
^ for the development of the 

Thus, in the spring of 1914, t 

pital was reorganized into fou 

" made for each division to stud 

of cases. Funds for special in 
disposal of the staff, and res 
direction. 

Additional features of the '. 
and district corps of physicia 
cases outside of the hospital, 
mediately provided, and fun 
the sick poor; a training sch( 
sary open daily, except Sunda 
to 3 P. M.; and a social servic 
teen paid workers and nunierr 

Tho ("ipacity of the ho^^pit 



PHUJkNTHROPIO AQSNCIB8 1017 

1 $11,530.95 for the work of the Mt. Sinai Ladies* 
y, and $12,963.56 of a budget of $70,677.46 of 
Sinai Training School for Nurses. 

officers are: Geo. Blumenthal, Pres.; Leo Arnsteiil, 
es.; Henry L. Caiman, Second Vlce-Pres.; 8. S. 
Treas.; S. Herbert Wolfe, Sec; Director, Dr. S. S. 
ter. 

lenthal, George, was born at Frankfort-on-the-Main, 
y, in 1858, where he received a general education. 
ved in the United States in 1882 and became ai citizen. 
He is the senior partner of the banking house of 
Freres, and a director in the Continental Insurance 
ly, the General Chemical Company, the' Delaware, 
anna & Western Coal Company, and the American 
nd Traction Company. 

Mumenthal takes a profound interest in the Arts and 
i as well as in Philanthropy. He is a trustee of the 
)litan Museum of Art and associate member of the 
kl Institute of Social Sciences. He is the President 
Qt Sinai Hospital, the largest Jewish hospital in the 
:e-president of the United Hospital Fund, a director 
National Employment Exchange, and a member of the 
ve Committee of the New York Chapter of the Ameri- 
1 Cross. 

TEFIORE HOME AND HOSPITAL FOR CHRONIC 

VEB (Incor. 1884) Gun Hill Road, near Jerome 
I a non-sectarian hospital affording medical treat- 
ood and shelter to persons who by reason of the ap- 
incurability or protracted course of their diseases 
ised admission to hospitals and asylums. Men and 
of all ages are admitted. For the support of the 
I of the inmates in the hospital, the income of a 
fund, the "JULIUS HALLGARTEN FUND" is used. 
s leaving the Institution in an improved or cured 
>n are relieved from the Discharged Patients' Fund. 
>acity of the Home is 450; Visiting days and hours, 
(days, Saturdays and Sundays, 2 to 4 P. M. 

organization also conducts the Monteflore Home 
r Sanitarium for Consumptives, familiarly known as 
Iford Sanitarium, at Bedford Hills, New York. The 
lum was opened in 1897, and admits men and 

suffering from phthisis in the Incipient stage. The 
I are housed in modern pavilions, located in a hilly 
, and equipped with the latest hospital improve- 

Products for the use of the Sanitarium are raised 



ment to the inmates of the home. 

The Institution is a member of th 
support- of Jewish Philanthropic Soc 
The Budget for 1917 was 1390,583.48 
ation provided $169,583.48. 

In addition to this the Federation a 
towards a budget of $15,568.00 of \ 
Ladies' Auxiliary. 

The officers are: — ^'res., Jacob H. S 
nue; Vice-Presidents, Henry Solomon, 
Leopold Stem, 27 West 87th St.; T 
15 W. 75th St.; Hon. Sec, Arthur E 
Ave.; Medical Director, Dr. S. Wach 
Goodman; Supt., Country Sanitarlun 
Pres. Ladies' Auxiliary Society, Mrs. S 

Schlff, Jacob Henry, was born in 
on-the-Maine, Germany. He received 
schools of Frankfort. In 1865 he car 
he settled in New York City. Here, : 
a banking house. In 1873, he retur 
he made connections with some of the ' 
houses. Upon returning to the Unit 
the banking firm of Kuhn, Loeb and 
of which he later became the head, 
financial reconstructors of the Union 
since then Is strongly interested in 
Mr. SchifT's principle of "community 
the chief railway combinations led to 
Northern Securities Company, thus 
competition. The firm of Kuhn. Lo< 
large Japanese War Loans of 1904-5, 
the Japanese victory over Russia. M: 



a j^ 1 



>»^»^«r»«« n rr* f\r 



PHUiANTHKOPIC AOENGEEBg 



1019 



OS philanthropies only a few can be mentioned here. He 
mnded the Chair in Social Economics at Colnmbia Unl- 
eraity; he presented the fund and the building for Semitic 
tudies at Hanrard, he has been Chairman of the East 
kSiatic Section of the Museum of Natural History of New 
'ork, which has sent out many expeditions for the study of 
lastem history and conditions; he has made donations to 
tie various museums of the city, and presented the New 
'ork Public Library with a large number of works dealing 
rith Jewish subjects; he has presented to Barnard College 
he recently erected students' social hall. 

Mr. SchifP is the Jewish philanthropist par excellence, 
[is philanthropies embrace every phase of Jewish life. 
le is intensely interested in hospital work and is the presi- 
ent of the Monteflore Home, and a contributor to Mount 
linai Hospital and all other important Jewish hospitals 
»f the city. He is profoundly interested in Jewish edu- 
ation and took a leading part in the reorganization of the 
ewish Theological Seminary of America; he is also the 
onnder of the Bureau of Education. In addition Mr. 
>chifr is trustee of the Baron de Hirsch Fund and the 
Voodbine Agricultural School. He has provided the build- 
ng and funds for the Young Men's Hebrew Association of 
^ew York City. 

Mr. Schiif has always used his wealth and his influence 
n the best interests of his people. He financed the enemies 
>f antocratic Russia and used his financial infiuence to 
teep Rnssia from the money market of the United States. 

When last year, Mr. SchifT celebrated his seventieth 
>lrthday, all the factions of Jewry in the United States and 
elsewhere united in paying tribute to him. 



^mth Dairld Honpltal. 1824 
LexlDitoii Ave., Pres., Jacob 
Carlinger, S99 Broadway- 
See.. David Trautman. 36 W. 
llSth St., Supt.. Sholexn Ap- 
pal, liezington Ave., and 
llSth St. Established 1886. 
Incorporated 1910. Budget 
for 1917. $46,000. ACTIVT- 
TIS8: 1 — Olvei medical and 
•orfflcal treatment to the 

dek poor. 9 — ^Dispensary. 
Door Maternity De- 



Carllnicer. Jacob. Pres.. Beth 
David Hospital (Lex. Ave.. & 
113th St.); since 1913. Term 
1 year. Born 1880 in Russia. 
Came to U. S. 1891. Attend- 
ed public school. Builder 
and Decorator, 299 B'way. 
Res. 106 Second Ave. 

Hlkur Cliolfin Konher HonpHal 
of the Hebreifv Ladieo of 
Brooklyn. Established 1904. 
Incorporated 1911. Pres., 
Mrs. Mary Arbeltt 870 Flu- 



:u 



Ri 



Bikur Cholim Kosher Iloap. 
of the Heb. Ladies of Brook- 
lyn (84 Cook St., B'klyn): 
since 1906. Born 1802 In 

In Russia. Came to U. S. 1905. 

^^ Received jjeneral Jewish and 

I, secular education. Res. 870 

Flushing Ave., Bklyn. 

BlythrdAle Ilomr, Hawthoine. 
Now York. l*res., Mrs. Ed- 
tfar A. Hellman. 311 W. 71st 
St. Sec'y. Mrs. Fred Herz. 

— 911 Park Ave. Supt., Edna 

M. Crysler, Hawthorne. N. 
Y. Inc. 1906. Budget for 

— 1917.112,058. PURPOSE: 

**Convalesc<?nt care and th-» 

— ' training of children crip- 

pled by bone-tuberculosis 

^ who have attended clinics 

or have br«>n free patients." 

_ ACTIVITIES: 1. Elementary 

" School and vocational train- 

ing under the Board of Ed- 

" ucatlon. 2. Vocational 

training under the auspices 
of the Home. 3. Out-door 
care of discharged inmates. 
Ilellman. Mfm. Kdfcar A.. 
Prcs. R 1 y t h o d a 1 f» Ilom«- 



HtMl IM, 111 

• Ava., B'klyn. 
: Banw«r. 1)88 
irkw&y, B'klyn. 
Mb Falk, 10 
St-, Brooklyn, 
19 to. Incorpo- 
Budgat for 191T 
>0. PURPOSE : 
trlctly Ko- 



al 1 



' the ( 



Bronnsvllla and 

ork." 

X, Pres. Browna- 

Y. UaapltBl Inc.. 

ISGfl In RuHla. 
. S. 1899. Re- 
1c Bchaol educB- 
<t Noveltlef 



L St. 



Bklyn. 



1388 



I BBS. AmilBted 



tlo 



of 



iTlah Char[tl<?i 
I Olnaberc, liiT 
irkway, B'klyn. 
1 H. KuseL 17B8 
B'klyn. Super- 
:. Bugcna Strag- 
nlon St., B-klyn. 
To cara for the 
oor of Srowna- 
iBt New York. 

DptoraltlcB anil 
PIM*. 1015-1331 
'o. DIapenaary.' 
113rd St. Prer. 
JB. 4* W. 4«th 

Miry vf, Fraupo- 



thal, IW W. ilth- St. EMU 

and Ino. ISOt. Hambarahip, 
l,6Bi. Budtat for ISIT, tUI,- 
080,ei. PUBFOaB: -To Ha- 
dartaka tka traatmant at 
eaaas of acuta and obronle 
Joint dlaaaaaa, oonrenltal or 
aoQulrad, racardleaB of asa, 
race, cread or oolor." Tha 
Hoaplta] for Deformltiaa 
•ad Joint Dlsaaaaa la the 
only inatltutlon cbartarad to 
admit children from blrtk to 
four yeara of Mf, and 
adult* over alztaeti yaara of 
age, all Sarins from thaas' 
condltloDB, Bad eapaeltr la 
aeventy. The Dlapanaarr 
haa a dally attendanca of 
about alx hundred .patlanta. 
Straiu, Lcwia. Prei. Uoapl- 
tal for Deformltiaa and 
Joint Dlaeaaea.- Bleotad 
1918. Term 1 year. Born 
18S> In Now Tork. Qradu- 
ate of Princeton. Han*Klnx 
director of the nrin of H. 
Straua and Elona (whaleaala 
leather ffoada), nvllnsbny- 
aen Ave.. Newark, N. J. 
Rea.: 44 W. 44tb at. 

Jswiah Home tor CoavalcB- 
cntB, Grand View on'tlnd- 
aon. N. r. OIHce! 18B For- 
ayth St. Frei.. Samuel Oold- 
8t«in, 9E5 Prospect Av«. 
Bec'y Charles li. Omateln. 
tl Delancey St. Eatabllibad 
1915. Incorporated IBIT. 
PURPOSE; "To maintain ■ 

t'on vale see nt>." Founded 

by the Federation Of Rou- 
manian lewi of America. 
Halnlainad by voluntary 



OOUHONAL I 



lates 8,000 to 4.000 persons 

BoldBteln. SBmiwl. Pt«t 
3rand View tor ConvUoa- 
xuU. (Grana View on the 
Huilion, City office (ISBPm-- 
lyth St.) : elected 1817. Totm 
1 rear. Born ISIS In Rou- 
naala. Came to U. S- IKK« 



aCBtton. Leather 
tH B. ISlh Bl. 



P'fnitl 



of tke Jewliali floa 

RrJ. Free., Mra, Clara 



I, dljpvnaaiT urf * tnMu 
■cliool (or nuraea. 
Jewlnh MalvratlT Hb^UiI 

IncorporattHl 190* 17t E. 
B'way. To provMs tn*dl<al 
•iiij eurKlcn) aun and («*!• 
merit to patients durlni 
KOiiflnement. Capaollr. 11 
beds, Ollleera: Pro., B«' 
Philip JapheH. Treaa. H R 
Urli. 8upt., S^muet n 





JavkriH l-h^ Prea. 


JfVKl 




Maternity HoaplUI 


on s 




B'wa)-). ilni^e ItOT 


T.Wt 




! year. Born 18E1 


n Rm- 


rhiiin 


Studied at Te*hl 


S, !»H 


. Kb- 


Shably. Minister a 




ffeon JMhel- Res.: 


ton IT 



t>HIL&in«ltOPln AOKNOIB8 



loaplti.1 Aa»'n. at tbe . 

N. T. (Waatcbeiter 
Inell Are.): elected 
rcrm 1 year. Boro 

Oermanjr. Came to 
SGS. Received biKh 
ducatloD. MTr. Ia- 
ts: 698 & E»» Broad- 
Rea.; 31E W. lOGth 



»*cdrk HoBpltal Aid 

ZS7 Stone Ave., 
EBtabllBbed ISOR. 
Prea.. H. Kati, Gl 
d Ave., B'klyn. Sec, 
Gurnanow. ES Po- 
B'klyn. PURPOSE: 

_ Prea. Llnath Haia- 
apltal Aid Soc. (ZS7 
We.. B'klyn); since 
orm 8 months. Born 
Ruaala. Came to U. 
Received Keneral 
ta education. Can- 
Res.: CI Thatford 
klyn. 



__, Sop. 

■*Hle. isis Pitkin 
klyn. Pres-. Bernard 
44T ISth St., B'klyn. 
[ra, R, Rosenfeld, BIB 
Ave., B'klyn. Eat. 
cor. 19 if BulldtnK 

SB: "To bulla a ma- 
boapltal which will 
medical care for 

ck( Mapcaaarr. IS4« 
:.. B'klyn. Prea.. ft 
□iKa T. L«wlnaohn, 



idss 

111 W. SBtb 8t. 8«a. HraL A- 
U Parker, 1161 «etb gt, 
B'klyn. Hat 1»I1, IncoriKi-.- 
rated ISll. Membership tOO. 
Young: Folks' Ljeasue with 
a memberablp of IE. Budget 
11.000. PURPOSE: "To pro- 
vide medical help tor the 
poor at a nominal Tee." 
I«nia«h>. Olnra T„ Prea. 
New Utrecht Dispensary 
nut 4Id St., B'klyn). alnce 
1911. Term 1 year. Born 
18«S In U. 9. Received Ken- 
eral Jewish education. Rea.: 
311 W. BSth St. 



■eople'ii Roup Hal, 



13 Second 

corporaled 19D8. Member- 
Hhlp 300. Budget (or ISIT: 
140,000. Pres., Moses Oreen- 
baum, Sii E. GOth St. Sec 
iBldare Groaaman, 142T Ma- 
dison Ave. PURPOSE: "To 
maintain a Kosher Hoapl- 
tal." 






pital, (20S Sec- 
nce 1909. Term 
1 ysar. Born ISfiO In Eng- 
land. Came to U. 3. 1866. 
Reci-lvrd public school edu- 
cation. Real Estate & In!.. 
198 Broadway Rea.: 341 E. 
50th St. 

«iiiilt>rlDU for Hebrew Chil- 
dren. Rockaway Park, L. I. 
Established 1877. Incorpor- 
ated 1S79. Prea,, Ma^lmll- 
Han Toch, 320 Fifth Aiw. 
See'y. Nat Oberdorfer, Wool- 



jrth I 






OeUMONAL RieaUTllH 



JewlBh (allh; 1. T 
, Boat Bicurslaaa lit 
»n and children ot tl 



f.i Mudlsuu Xia.. ia 
. tjeUgman. Trcas.. 1 Wl 
St.; Fillx M. Warlnuc 
tl ^'lUlaiDB St-i Mt 
OroBsman. Restatm 
Jnd Ave.; Bostr 1. J« 
Bup't, EsAt View. N. ' 



U'W, Westchi'B 



N. Y. Office: 3Sa 2 
N. T. C. The obji-c 



B'klyi 






nnd laeorpD rated 
MembPrahlv ISO. Budi 

1917. lis. 000. Pre*.. I 
Greeitll^ld. 6Gt B'way 
1. E. Ehrman. £15 N< 



, Conej 



Islai 



n Smith. !MU ^:\ 
St., B'klyn. PURPOSE 
miilntaln a Private C 



— -IS 



PHUiANTHBOPlC A0SNC1X8 IWM 

JEWISH DAY NURSERIES 

By Abrahah Oberott 
zecutive Director, United Hebrew Charities 

day Diirsety, like every social institution, has a 
foundation. It arope in responBe to a definite 
The industrial revolution, the concentration of 
1 the factories, the withdrawal of tasks from the 
he entrance of married women into industry, — 
s the sequence of steps which led to its ori^n. 
;h the historic development of the movement is 
le comprehended in the United States, it haa a 
d interesting past. 

an Priedrich Oberlin, renowned Protestant pastor 
-1826) was the founder of the nursery. Passing 
village in his native Vosges, (Switzerland), on 
it harvest day in 1769, he heard from a hut a 
of childish voices. Entering, he found a group 
! children seated around a girl of eighteen, who 
lUc spinning her thread. She was caring for the 
whose mothers were in the fields, 
eupon he conceived of a new social institution 
gaged this young girl, Louise Scheppler, to or- 
in his presbytery "une garderie" where during 
; seasons, children between the ages of fifteen 
nd three years might be cared for while their 
i were at work. This, says Malarce, was the germ 
'crdehe" and the "salle d'asile." 
301, Mme. de Pastoret attempted for tlie little 
the Parisian workwomen, what Oberlin had don« 



1034 COUMUNAI, KEOISTKR 

for the peaaant women of tbo Vosges. She opei 
"salle d'hospitalite" where, in two small routiis, 
twelve children were sheltered. 

In 1810, Bobert Onen, famoua Bocial refgrmer, hi 
chaoced upon stories of the work of Oberlin and . 
de Pastoret, decided to aid his workers by ureatii 
hia cottoD mills at New Lanark, Scotland, a schw 
the care of children from two to seven .veurs of 
This was opened in 1812. 

From these beginnings, there developed in K 
European countries two distinct types of institution 
the care of children under the age of seven years. 1 
the "sallcs d'asiles" (later "ecoles matenielks, ' 
France, the infant schools of England, the "i 



PBIIi&NTHItOPlC AQENCm 1035 

1905 twelve additional nurseries weie organized, 
: now there are sixteen nurseries in New York City 

Jewish atupiees. 

Emanael Sisterhood of Personal Service, organ- 
1 1888, immediately andertoob day nursery work 
base of its wider activity. It was the first Jewish 
itioD to undertake such work in the country. The 
£1 Sisterhood Settlement, founded in 1890, began 
aduct of a day nursery at that time. The Bright- 
owever, founded in 1693, was the first Jewish insti- 

organized for the specific purpose of conducting 

nursery. In 1905, the Hebrew Kindergarten and 
■lutsery was founded, followed by the establish- 
in 1906 of the Hebrew Day Nursery of Heory 

and in 1909 by the two Brooklyn institutions, the 
Hebrew Day Nursery and the Hebrew Ladies' Day 
fy of Brownsville. Thereafter were organized the 
1 and the Daughters of Israel in 1912, and within 
ist two years, the Bronx Federation, the Harlem 
w, the Harlem Branch of the Hebrew, the Day 
ry of the Sisterhood of Social Workers, the Jewish 
Tursery of the Bronx, and the Ahavath Chesed Day 
ry. In this latter period, also, the East Side Day 
ry, which had its inception in 1892 as a kinder- 
I, entered the field. Ten of these are now incor- 
id and the Beth El and Emanuel Nurseries are 
ic parts of incorporated iiistitutinns. 
the Jewish institutions there are on register daily 
400 children under school age and school children 
ome in for meals. In addition to this number, 
is a daily attendance of about 200 Jewish children 



mt 



■i:eiviug nursery eare in other institutions. The sixtenn 
My nurseries expend aiimialiy for maintenanue alo« 
■ $65,000. This figure takes no eogiiizance of llii 
llue of plants and equipment, 
iThe day nursery, together with the movement of whiA 
lis a part, ia one of the maoy attempts at adjiutmal 
1 moiiern life. 



:;^3sS3ax«s<: 




=■ 1 1 1 1 1 = s =' I « ^ ! *^ i 1 



i I 



^ -, 



^3' 



i 1 1 1 i I i I i 1 5 n 1 1 1 



iit 



4 i i i (^ 



PHUiANTHBOPIC ABENOm 



' DAY MTIWEIUBB IN NEW YORK OITY 



laed Dar !<■*—« y. 
1x St. BrooUTn- 
. Harcuiv set Vbf- 
'kirn. Sea. Fruik 
iG> Aahfvrd St., 
BatablUlMd 1>17. 
"Ta tak« cKTtt of 
lr«. while th*lr 

!», Pru. AhkVftth 
Kr NurMtT (»< 
St.); alnoa t91t. 
anthB. Born 1ST7 
CBWa to U. 8. 
tlved ganerftl adu- 
e«.: )•> Vemont 



t*ry. 



I. Sec 
kildfaj-b. 41t New 
'e., B'klyn. Ba- 
sil. Mamberalilp 
POSB: "To Kulat 
»th Cheaed Day 
Bkat N«w Tork." 



crkood Day Ifan- 
B. Rind St. Prea., 
-ua Kohiia. Sec, 
Anapach. Bup't.. 
laauer, 61 W. SStti 
1 lab ad and In cor - 
to. Caplclty, 141. 
"To furnlah to 
•Ick. and loflrin, 

a irlTe batter and 
u «a anbjeata of 



hyylena, morality, and adn- 
catlon by aUmlnaUnc In 
arary poalble way tke odd- 
dttloD of the poor." A^- 
IVITIB8: The nursery prO' 
Ttdea all day ear* for bablaa 
and children ander acboal 
aK«L In addition, achool 
children com* 'to the Knre- 
•ry from achool tor Innch, 
and after aefcool hovre for 
Vlay. 

BFlchteld* Day Ifaiaery aad 
KlBdnvaitcB. I a- 91 Cannon 
8t Prea., Kra. S. R. Ous- 
ffenhelm, Plaaa Hotel. Sac.. 
, Ura. C. A. Btrouae, lit W. 
TStb St. Bupt.. Ura. Bllia- 
betb RacheL Eat. Kll. An- 
nual Budget, tl*,OM. Ca- 
pacity 1T4. Cosetltnent 
member of Federation for 
the Support of Jewlah Phl- 
lanthroplo Soclatlea. PTJR- 
POSB: "To take care Of 
children between the are of 
three week* and ala:bt yeare 
while the mo there are at 
work." ACTIVITIIiS: Ba- 
blea are cared for, a klnder- 
Karten la conducted; School 
children are carod for after 
lh*lr achool ho ura. Pro- 
vides luncheon at Ec. Theln- 
■ Iltutlon conducts 



cluba; claesea In aewlns. 
embroidery and millinery; 
boys' and Elrla' clube; libra- 
ry and Sabbath School. Va- 
cation! are (iTen to children 
at the aummer home In Oak- 



rOMMUNAL REGISTKR 



nre held In the summer for 

riuKCnbrlm. IrvnF RotlM- 
ekud. Prea. BrJifhtilde Day 
Nuraei-y & KlndfrK'arten (SI 
Caniian St.); since ISSI. 
Born 1870 In U. S. Educat- 
ed In pHvaie schooli. Rt>.; 
Hotel Ploza- 

FiiDi Feilenttlvn of Jewliih 
(bnrillra Dnr and NIcliI 

Knnwry, leSG TopplDB Ave. 

Prea.. Mrs. E. Priendllch. 
Hec'y. Mlaa Muy Levy. Est. 



laiG. 



, tS,DOO 



Capacity, 



Bges o( i! And II • 



for a 



1 fed. 



But Slfle Dar Xamrf. K' 

Henry St. Pres.. Mn. H. > 
Oppenlielmer. Stc'r. 1 
Louise Heidelberg. SmUY 
llshed 11(14, Annum U' 
*2,4D8.8fi. Capacity II. Pllt 
POSE: To furnlih («4 
■bellcr and a klmlir 
education 



lal 






BO to 



PBILANTHBOFIC ACUDfCIBS 



rom 1 to ( 7«krB 
tioss molhen are 
work." ACTIVI- 
■ide* tbe all d«y 
cb lid ran under 
9. •ehool children 

irnnerr. 44G Weat 
Pres., Ura. O. L. 
c'y, Mrs. J. B. 
Bstabllabed I>li. 
ed 1S16. Annual 
;l.»a».S4. PUR- 
To cara for chll- 
' acbool age whoBe 
re 111. deaerted or 
ACTIVITIES : 
rom t week a to E 
iga ars cared for 
. Honte«orl claai la 
Mothers' meet- 
aeld and children 
led with clothes 
I whenever Ihey 
d o( thaae. 

rew Day Nnracrr. 

llBth St. Prea.. 
og-el. Sec'y., Mrs, 
in. Eatabltshed. 
i&l budget 11.501.- 
.city, 30. PUR- 
elterinK and feed- 
Jewish children 



YbA, 111 Hanry Bt. Praa. 
Mra. Btta rtna, 101 Weat 
lB7tli St. Seo'r. Wolf Ust- 
cblk. ttl Henry St. SUD't 
Hlllel Qottler. BaUbllahad 
IIOS. Incorporated 1I0>. An- 
nual budsel lIE.OOOi capaci- 
ty 80. Harlem Branch: ei B. 
107th at. Capacity SO. PUR- 
POSE: "Shelterlns, nuralns, 
and feeding of poor children 
wbo are either [atberleaa or 
motberleaa." ACTIVITIBS: 
Children between the affea 
of two yeara and alx yeara 
are cared for all day. 
School children come (or 
meala after achool hours. 
Kindergarten and Hebrew 
school conducted. Hotbera' 
meetlnga are held. Clothes 
are given to children during 
the year and food to needy 
famlllea on Jewlab holldaya. 
Fine, Etta, Pres. Heb. Day 
Nuraery of N. T., (362 Hen- 
ry St. & 61 E. lD7th St.): 
since 190G. Term 1 year. 
Born 1S60 In Busala. Came 
to U. S. 1882. Received 
public school and high 
school education. Social 
worker. Res.: 602 W. IGTth 



KlndersartFB aad 
nraerr. S6 Montgom- 

Pres. Morris Ab- 



■llef is given chll- 
inotbera are given 



St. EstHbllahed 190G. 
orated 1911. Annual 
. t26,13E.1S. Ses chll- 
nred for dnlly. PUR- 





lOffl' OOKUUHAL 


_ ^ 


POSE: "To care for chil- 


children ^t th^ l>^ 


dren when motheri are Ob- 


With Bhot^a <nd 


llged 1o work." ACTIVI- 


B>ry claihlnB. Dr- 


TIES: Cbliaren between th- 


Youne ladlea and 


igee of four weeks and 


men over 18 year, of 


eight yeaVs, are acepfod for 


eligible lo becora* a^ 


full time c«re. School chU- 


at Die Ajxtllary. D^ 




35 cents per month * 


ofter school hours. Kinder- 


budget »BteS4. Mrtlln' 




held every Wedne»J»r 


are cotidMclei), Mothers' 


HI the Institution. Of 


mfeltnufi are heia. Clothes 


Treas.. Mr, PhlUp RrlU 


and Bhoea are given 10 the 


Tremont St.. B'klyn^ 


-■hlldrer In need. 


MU« F, Bernstein, 5« 






Irfirnl LnKBC at tk« Hebivw 


elo thing commlit" 




Harry Raacnrcld. lit 


nrrr. of 3B-37 MontEonier> 


son Bl. 



PHILANTHSOPIC AOENCIKS 



1048 



es Day Jfurmmrj of 

z, 1668 Bathirate 
98., Mrs. Theresa 
380 E. 173rd St. 
8. M. Koener. 1670 
}n Ave. Estab. 
1916. Budget 
13.000. Member- 
ut 1.000. PUR- 
ro take care of 



poor chlldrexf while their 
mothers are out worklngr-" 
ACTIVITIES: Takes care of 
about thirty- five children 
daily, giving them food and 
shelter. Accommodations 
are free in most cases. Fees 
when char^red are very 
small. 



PHILANTHAOPIC AOBNCDM lOKl 

I 

PRESENT STATUS AND NEEQS OF 

JEWISH CHILD OABE IN 

GREATER NEW YORK 

By LuDwiQ B. Bebnstbin 

Superintendent Hebrew Sheltering Ouardicm Society^ 

PleasantvUle, N. Y. 

I. Present Status 

At the beginning of the year 1918 the Jewish com- 
munity of Greater New York finds itself in. possession 
of the following child-earing insiiiuiians: 

1. The Hebrew Orphan Asylum of New York, the 
largest Jewish orphan asylum in the world, with a total 
institution census of about 1250 children. 

2. The Hebrew Sheltering Quardian Orphan Allium 
of Pleasantville, New York, the most advanced educa- 
tional type of a cottage-home orphan aslyizm, with an 
institution census of somewhere between 615 and 625 
children. 

3. The Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum, a goo4 type 
of congregate institution, with a population of approxi- 
mately 700 children. 

The Jewish community may also boast of the fact 
that during the last decade it has developed the family 
home plan of taking care of Jewish dependent children 
as an integral part of orphan asylum work thru the 
organization of boarding bureaus attached to each of 
the three orphanages just mentioned, with a census ap- 
proximately of 800 children for the Hebrew Orphan 



32 COMMUNAL RUtllSTER 

lylum ; 300 for the Hebrew Sheltering QuartliB,u So- 
ity, and 100 for the Brooklyn Hebrew Orphao Asylum 
lus the total number of orphans, half-orphans and 
stitute children taken care of by the three Jewish 
phan asylums in Greater New York ranges 8om^ 
lere between 3300 and 3400 children. The children 
tJiese orphan asylums are from 5 to 16 years old. 
For children below this age the facilities of tie com- 
inity unfortunately are much less adequate. To bt 
1 with, nearly 500 Jewish children in Greater New 
irk are at the present time placed in Doo-Jewid 
mea and are under the supervision of non-Jewish in- 
tutions or agencies. The bulk of these children 
early 400) is being taken care of by the Nursery and 
iild's Hospital. 
4. Only 350 Jewish "infants" are being cared for 



PHILANTHBOPIC JlOBNCIBS 1053 

i deeijdedly inferior and inadequate. Many of the 
Te modem requirements of an up-to-date asylum are 
ssing, such as adequate play rooms, play grounds, 
ial rooms, club rooms, vocational and industrial shops, 

S. The Israel Orphan Asylum, situated on Second 
reet, owns a new and ingenious building, but it was 
I constructed with a comprehensive knowledge of the 
»ds of present day child-caring institutions. It is as 
; doubtful whether this orphanage will take care of 
called temx>orary cases, or of court cases, or of orphan 
ildren, or of all these three types of children. 
). A small Jewish Orphan Asylum in Brownsville 
lich has not yet undertaken active child-caring work. 
Thus, numerically speaking, we are dealing with a 
oblem of 1000 Jewish infants up to 5 years of age^ — 
whom only 350 are under Jewish auspiceSybQQ under 
mtile care, and about 150 either unprovided for or 
aced under the temporary care of day nurseries, — and 
ith the still bigger problem of the 3500 Jewish depen- 
ait children ranging in age from 5 years upwards, 
he total number of Jewish normal child dependency is 
lerefore 4500 children. 

II. The Needs of the Community 

1. The most obvious weakness in our present scheme 
- eommunal effort for dependent children is the poor 
id inadequate provision for Jewish infants. Altho 
6 Home for Hebrew Infants may well be proud of the 
nerous and splendid men on its Board of Directors, 
d of its beautifully equipped buildings, its whole 



PHILAKTHBOPIG AGBN0IB8 1055 

kmeer work along educational as well as industrial and 
srrective lines are such as to challenge the brainiest 
len in the community. 

3. Then there is a great need for the organisation of 
Q agency to take care of the pre-protectory cases. The 
ewish Big Brothers have done and are doing splendid 
YMrk in preventing commitments of Ik^ to reforms- 
cries; but to those of us who are familiar with the 
jrpe of boy frequently recommended by the courts to 
rp[han asylums, as a way out of the protectory, it is 
nite dear that sooner or later the community must be 
repared to establish a school or institution which will 
epresent something between the orphan asylum and the 
protectory — a school with strong home influences and 
rith great possibilities for industrial occupations. Judg- 
Dg from the present number of boys of this type com- 
aitted an4ually to Jewish orphan asylums in Greater 
(few York, such an institution, preferably to be con- 
lucted on the cottage home plan, should have facilities 
for not less than 200 boys. 

The number of girls belonging to the pre-protectory 
yi>e, judging again from the number of commitments 
yy the courts to the present orphan asylums, is not 
|uite so large, but is sufficiently important to warrant 
hie need of a pre-reformatory school, under Jewish 
iuspices, for the care of at least 100 girls. 

4. The temporary home of the type of the Far Rocka- 
eay Haven has distinctly proved its value in the scheme 
)l community child welfare. As is well known, this 
ittle institution accommodates children up to 12 years 
f age, temporarily, during the illness of a father or 



PHUiANTHBOPIC AOENCIBS 1057 

AND DESCRIPTION OF ORPHAN 
ASYLUMS IN NEW YORK CITY 



REW ORPHAN ASYLUM OF NEW YORK, Amster- 
ve., 136th to 138th SU. (Est. 1822, Inc. 1832). 
of the earliest forms of caring for dependent chil- 
ets been the method generally known as the congre- 
an. According to this system, children are housed 
red for under one roof. While It is clear that under 
conditions, the possibilities for intimate personal 
ze and supervision are greatly reduced, there are 
isating advantages possessed by a congregate Institu- 
:ated in a large city. Parents, relatives and friends 
isier access to the orphan child, and thus the bonds 
ily life are not easily broken; the child has at its 
nd all the varied educational facilities of a large city, 
ove all the orphan boy and girl lives practically the 
ife which he or she will have to live after leaving 
ium. 

ng the leading institutions of the congregate type, 
brew Orphan Asylum is unique In combining all the 
lie features of a large congregate institution. Situ- 
I it is in a metropolis oCterlng exceptional educational 
mities, the Institution takes advantage of them by 
; as large a number of its wards as possible, to the 
- public schools, and those of special ability, to the 
:hools, technical schools and colleges of the city. In 
n, the Institution offers instruction outside of school 
in Hebrew and Jewish Religion, in stenography, 
iting, bookkeeping, wood-work, mechanical drawing, 
le operating, dress-making and hand sewing, em- 
'ing, darning and cooking. Among the more informal 
of educational work carried on in the Institution, 
i mentioned lectures and entertainments, educational 
in the library of the Institution, and sex hygiene, 
icreational life of the children finds expression in 
cs and gymnastics, in general club activities, in the 
}f a glee club, a synagogue choir, an orchestra, a 
a well trained cadet corps, and in frequent outings 
cursions during the summer months. 
3very modern child caring institution, the Hebrew 
1 Asylum conducts also an After-Care Department, 
epartment has charge of a Friendly Home for Girls 
Speyer School Building, on Lawrence Street. The 
is a large city apartment in charge of a house 



COMMUNAL REQISTBR 

|)tber. No servant ie employed, and all the girls, who 

Bame time attend achool. are glTon tborougta tnln- 

z In all phases of housekeeping and borne making. Attv 

tving the Home, those who have familieB to which UiW 

urn, are placed with them, either at emploj^cnt. 

;lnue their school attendance at the expense ol i 

lioiarsliip fund. Those without families are placed Is 

iQ which they can work their way tbrough blfk 

|iool while rendering some service In return far their 

I and lodging, and sufficient money Is paid to com 

fclr needs for clothing and Incidental expenses. At pr«- 

t_thlrty girls are earning their education in thia way. 

■ boys who have been placed In employment and aft 

bnlng their own living, hut have no families to retail 

1 the Junior League of the Hebrew Orphan Asylum bu 

led a home at 21 Cbarlea Street. Oreenwicb Vltlap- 

s board is charged to the boys in accordance with thett 

■rnlngs. Kvery effort is made lo render the place aa borne- 

e aa posBihle. The House has room for 20 boys, and is 

chnrge of a competent couple, who act as house rnottif 

Id house father. 

Bxhc Hebrew Orphan Asylum has a capacity of 1250 chll- 



PHlIiANTHBOPIC AOENCOXB 1069 

e most advanced plan thus far devised, namely the 
age home plan." 'The ideal of the institution is to 
de for the orphan children who are admitted "the 

kind of home, the right kind of school, and the right 
of education." To reproduce as nearly as possible a 
ne home atmosphere, the children are housed in cot- 
, each of which shelters a group of about thirty chil- 
At the head of the household is a cottage mother, 
:s charged with the direct supervision and management 
e household affairs of the cottage, and with creating 
roper moral and social atmosphere. Under her guid- 

the children do all the house-work and cooking. The 
se mothers meet the executive head of the Institution 
iquent conferences, to discuss problems arising in the 
routine. To encourage the development of high stan- 

in the social activities of the children, inter-cottage 
dtitions are held for general efficiency, for a banner of 
liness, of scholarship, and of personal appearance. To 
late further individual development, the children are 
tted to participate in a limited and carefully guided 
le of self-government, called the "cottage republic," 
n the larger commonwealth of which each "republic" 
onstituent unit. 

long the distinctive features of the educational work 
4 on in the Institution, Is a carefully graded curricu- 
which makes it possible to cover the elementary and 
school work within a period of nine years, instead of 
B years; a technical school in which the boys are 
t drawing, wood-work, machine work, electrical work, 
inraphy and typewriting, and the girls are instructed 
awing, sewing, embroidery, domestic science, dress- 
ig, stenography and typewriting. The training in 
mic subjects proceeds parallel with Instruction in the 
;ials of a number of trades during a period of eight 
The ninth year Is then devoted to vocational spe- 
ng. In this manner the child receives not only a 
geiieral training, but is prepared to take Its place 
community as a self-supporting Individual. 

er leaving the Institution, the work of after-care Is 
through the Fellowship House, a social center, located 
West 115th St., New York City, equipped with 
rooms, social rooms, game rooms, lecture halls, etc. 
gh the employment bureau of the House, the chil- 
ire placed in suitable positions, and careful records 
)pt of their progress. 
Idren who cannot be admitted to the Institution be- 



BO 



COMMUNAL ft&OISTBR 



are placed Id carefullr aelecied 



I of lack of 

te homes In the city. 

|rhe Institution ahelters 365 children at Pleaaantvllle: 

) more are Bupervlsed by the Boftrdlng-Oiit Bureau. 

Irhe orKanlzatlon Is atSliated with the Federation for th« 

I of Jewlih Philanthropic SocietieB of New York Cltj. 

a budget for 1917 was t253,161.00, of which the Feder»- 

1 provided I80,6S1.00. 

Irhe offlcera are: PreBident, Adolph LiewiBotan; 3ecret*ri. 

Irnard Naumburg; TreaEUrer. Julius H. Sussman; Super- 

lendent, Ludwig B. Bernstein; Agent, Board log-On' 

au, Jacob Basheln; Head Worker Fellowship UouK, 

> Kefels, 

misohn, Adolph, was born In Hamhurg, Qermanf, li 
He was educated at private schools. Hp entered hli 
s business at the age of 16. and at the age of IS a 
country, settline In New York City, where he and Ws 
r, the late Leonard Lewlsohn, a few ye; 
|hed the firm of l-ewisohn Brothers. "" 



u'tiv 



lortii 



; busiin 



s. including i 



Mdi 



tals, and -i 



PHILANTHBOnC AGSSCOM 1001 

PBUjOWSHIF HOIT8K, Inc., 32 Wnt llStb Straet. Offl- 
rs: Alice L. BellgBberg, Prei.; Mfb. Walter WaIbb, Sec'y; 
lcdIi KetelB, Head Worker. BBt&bllBhed 191S. FurpoBe: 
I toUow up ftnd to rive After-care to every child dJscbarged 
Dm the Orphanage of the Hebrew Sheltering Guardian 
«tet7 in Plea«antville, New Tork. 

AlTltiea: 

1. Free Employment Bureau, making first and aubse- 
lent placements; etndrlng the relation between the 
mior'a (boy's or girl's) posltfos, and tbe training be or 
a recelTed at PleasantTllle along vocational lines; coliect- 
g data to guide tbe orphanage Id its vocational curri- 
ihim. 

S. Directory of bomes, securing first and subsequent 
imes at low coBt, tor children witbout relatives to go to; 
ildlng conferences witb the children; and vtBtting tbe 
iniea frequently. 

I. Onlld of Friends, supplying Big Brothers and Big 
Steri to children is need of an adult friend. 

4. Social Center at headquarters of Pellowsbip House, 
kere clubs and classes are conducted, entertainments, 
Uces, lectures, are provided; and all holidays — -American 
td JewlBh-~are appropriately obBerved. 

5, Bummer Camp for Boys and Camp for Oirls at Tent 
*T, City laUnd, within the limits at New Tork City. No 
^nnd rent to pay. Conducted for week-enders, vaca- 
nUets, and picnic parties. 

S. Follow-up Department, eepeclally tor young rhlldren 
tuned by enforced dlscbarge from tbe orphanage to rela- 
>■■, Homes visited prior and sabseqoent to the discharge. 
Uldren followed up In their homes at least twice, but 
VenJly ottener, every year; and connected up with such 
nicies as Talmud Torabs, schools, settlements, hospitals, 
Ilef societies, etc. 



fiROOKLTH HBBBEIW ORPHAN ASYLUM. Ralph Ave., 
4 Dean and Pacific Streets, Brooklyn, (Est. and Inc. 
>78) Is a modem chlld-caring iDstltution, caring for chtl- 
tn four to sixteen years of age. organized under the con- 
■cate plan. (See general description under Hebrew Or- 
kn Aaylum). 

Tbe wards of the institution attend the public schoola, 
Fammar, high and IndUBtrlal). The Institution also con- 



.^ 



COUUUNAI. BEOISTBB 



ducU vocational claesea tn carpentry, printing, ~J! 

science and art. mechanical drawing. BtenographJ 
writing, millinery and embroidery as well aa gym 
cisBseB tor boys and (or girls. In addition. Instnu 
Hebrew and Biblical Uletory Is glvea. Social as 
organizations, under the direction of tbe supervl 
charge, uutlnga to polnia at Interest la and aroui 
York City, a boys' military band, and a choir, are ami 
most Important recreational activities of the lost 
A boarding-out bureau Is maintained for children nil 
years of age. The after-care department superrlM 
period of at least three years, children who bavo I 
inatitutlon. 

The capacity of the Institution is about SOO. It It 
atltuent member of the Brooklyn Federation of 
Charities, Us budget for 1917 was (150,000. 

The oiBcera are; President, Louis L. Flruskl; 41 Fl 
Ave., B'klyn,; Secretary, David W. Parber, IGl M; 
at.. Brooklyn; Treasurer, A. N. Bernstein, 74S Fl 
Ave., Brooklyn; Assistant Superintendent. A. L. Jai 

Piniskl, Louis L., Pres. Brooklyn Hebrew Orpha 
lum (Ralph Ave.. Dean & Pacific Sts., B'kiyn). sinct 



PHILANTHROPIC AGENCIES 



loeti 



DOO. Voluntary con- 
1. An Initltutlon 
I aupervlalon of the 
in o( Bewarablan 
PURFOSB: "Ta 
e ol poor orphan a 
tute cblldreD of th« 
ica, from alx jroara 
nd up, and to re- 
mani' children aa 
from non-Jewlah 



of It. T^ Klnga- 
td. and UnlTeralty 
ei., Aaron B. Nua- 

Park ATS. Sec'y. 

1 Freshaut. Klnga- 
td. and UntTeralty 

Incorporated ISSG. 

inder direction of 
; Hedlcal Btaff and 
lent phyilclana, of 
tute children under 

[he Department of 
rniarltlca and the 
a Court. Theae oc- 
ee buUdlnga. Two 
rten teachera, fur- 
it Board of Educa- 
I one kindercarten 
and summer play- 
rorker furnlahed by 
in. A speech defect 
r furnlahed by thv 



Bchool for Nursery 

ith weekly claee- 

itructlon by Buper- 

Nuraea, and lec- 



tures by attendlDB phyal- 
clana. The nuraery malda 
are houaed In a beautiful 
new dormitory. 

AUXIUARIBIS: L a d 1 • a ' 
aewlnc Circle meeta every 
Tueaday from Hay to Oeto- 
ber and doe a valuable work, 
and also auppllei a creat 
deal of material for clothea. 
An active Touns Folk a' 
Ijeasue which rendera valu- 
able aaalatance with money 
and other don a tt one, alao 
auppllea "treata" and par- 
ties for children and nura- 

NnabaUH, Aaroa C Prea. 
Home for Hebrew Infanta of 
City of N. T. (Rlnssbrldffe 
Rd. and Unlveralty Ave.), 
ilnce ISia. Term 1 year. 
Born 1S«1 In N. T. Retired. 
Bee.: 630 Park Ave. 

iBdepevdeat DsBsktera at !■• 
rarl Orphu Aajloii af 
BivoklTS. «1T wiiiougbby 
Ave.. B'klyn. (No Informa- 
tion available.) 

lamel Orvhaa Aaylaaa, 174-8 
E. Ind St. Proa., Quaiave 
Hartman. Itl E, Ind St. 
Sec. Bllaa Saperateln, 110 
E. '4th St. Batabllahed llll. 
PURPOSE: "To provide a 
Jewish home for Jewish or- 
phans." The Institution Is 
conducted along atrlctiv Or- 
thodox lines. Its bUlIdlnB 
haa been only recently com- 
pleted and will soon be 



1064 COMMUNAL, 

Indicia' ADXlliar/ «t ■■rnrl Or- 
phan Aarlum. Pres.,, Mrs 
Rose St: ho en be rs, 43 Si, 
Marks PI. Sec. Ellas Sn- 
perstetn, 274 E. 2nd St. 
EBlBbllBlied IBDE. PUR- 
POSE!: "Ta Bid In the pro- 
turlng of lunds for tha Sup- 
the lareel Orphan 



iutler Ave., Brooklyn 
Joseph Polonsky. JJf 
jylvanla Ave.. B'klyii 
\arcin WlBner, 1S4 < 



PURPOSE 
of Jewiah I 



laylui 



. Prea. La- 



phiin Asylum and Hebrew 
Free Burlsl Ass'n., (874 E. 
2nil St.); since lOK. Term 



children of Brownavt 
Baat New York. 
Polonabr Joatrpk. Pre 
Jewish Orphan Asrl 
Brooklyn snd Bail 
York, <Bia Sutter 
elected 1910. Term I 
Born I8G3 In Russia 





MAIN BUILDING ANIi ANNEX 
HEBRBW NATIONAL ORPHAN HOUSE 
" li St.. S2 at Marks Place 



PHILANTHROPIC AOBNCIBS 1089 

THE JEWISH HANDICAPPED 

*y Babbi a. J. Amateau, Manager of the Socieiy for 
ike Welfare of the Jewish Deaf 

Deaf-Mutes 

There are in New York City between 2800 and 8000 
ewish deaf-mutes. The ratio is higher for the Jews 
lan for any other race due to the heavy Jewish immigra- 
on and the fact that it is customary among Jewish 
omigrants for near blood relations to marry, resulting 
ery often in congenital deaf-muteness. Seventy-five 
er cent are natives and the remaining twenty-five i)er 
^nt are adult immigrants who have accompanied their 
amilies to this country, the United States putting no 
bstacles to their entry, provided a bond is put up that 
hey will not become public charges. 

The deaf-mutes present to the community two distinct 
iroblems, namely, the natives and the immigrants. The 
ommunity has provided for the education of the native 
om deaf-mute through the school maintained by the 
iSBociation for the Improved Instruction of Deaf-Mutes, 
ituated at Lexington Avenue and 67th Street, which is 
inducted as a Jewish school, although supported by 
tate, city and county. Their religious education both 
t this school and at other non-sectarian schools for the 
eaf where some prefer to send their children on account 
f the method in teaching (there are two methods: 1. 
p-reading and speech; 2. signs and speech combined) 

provided for by the Society for the Welfare of the 
3wiBh Deaf. 



90 COMHUHAL aSOIBTBR 

Id additiou to tliia, the Society maintsina a vcfl 
uipped biiildiug at Nob. 40-42-44 "West 115th Strwf 
raishing religious, vocational, educational, phjna 
d social facilities for the welfare of the adult Jenil 
af mute of both sesea. As a result of the edncalia 
lich the deaf children receive at the schools for 
uf, and the trade they learn therein, and as a re 
rtlier o£ the immediate care that the Society for 
(ilfare of the Jewish Deaf takes when they gradDlt 
am school, apprenticing thera out in their cfaoeeo 
tioii and keeping in contact with them coDtioil« 
Dreaft<?r, there is hardly any poverty or destitutJa 
long the Jewish deaf-mutes of Greater New YoA. 
le records of the United Hebrew Charities and olhff 
aritahle institutions of New York indicate that then 
e only one or two eases of Jewish deaf-mutes applfinf 



PHILANTHROPIO AOBKCIBg 1091 

Hard of Hearing 

No survey o' the extent of the problem has ever been 
lade but it is estimated that there are from 4,000 to 
,000 Jews hard of hearing in New York City. Their 
lil^t is most pitiable. While a person bom deaf or 
De who becomes deaf at an early age can adjust himself 
» life in a normal world through the educational and 
odal facilities afforded them, there is no provision what- 
D0ver made, for those who lose their hearing either 
(opogh accident or sickness, at maturity. It is well 
n0wn that such people are a£9icted with melancholia 
rhich renders them helpless and unable to readjust 
^jl^ li^^es. In the hope of saving their hearing they go 
qilio doctor to quack, spending their all. They are taken 
^?ttrtage of at every turn with no one to guide or aid 
kaxL They can no longer follow their chosen vocations 
r bnnness on account of their handicap and their fam- 
1^ and themselves become destitute. 

Tha oommunity must create a social agency to care for 
hMS unfortunate i)eople ; to afford them medical service 
ad to guide and advise them in their period of re- 
^jnstnienty providing for their learning of a new trade 
I neoessaiy. Their social as well as their religious wel- 
im must also be provided for. 

The Blind 

It is estimated that there are 1,100 Jewish blind in 
ireater New York, figuring at the ratio of 1 to every 
,200, there being about 1,300,000 Jews in Greater New 
onr« 



92 COHKUKAti RBOlSTBtt 

The blind, like tbe deaf-mutes are also divided lota 
groups, namely: native bocn and immi^anU. That 
nsiODB in turn may be subdivided into those who tn 
rn blind, those who lose their sight in chihlhofxl uil 
3se who lose their sight after maturity. 
There are two schools for the blind. The State ScJiod 
• the Blind and the Public Bay School for tlie Blini 
le leaders among the blind favor the former as it i* 
residential school and affords them greater fadlttis 
7 education and vocational training than the PohBt 
ly School. This also eliminates the need Far a 

take the child to and from school. 

The three a^Micies engaged in the care for the Jewii 

nd are the Guild for the Jewish Blind, the Committrt' 

Blind of the Council of Jewish Women. New Tort 
etion ; and the Association for the Jewish Blind, tt* 



PHIL4NTHR0PIC AONOIBB 1098 

attempting to do the work in a more or lees oystematio 
and eonetmetive manner but fall short in that they 
receiye no cooperation and support from the community. 

What thx Atttfudb of the Community Should Be 

The oommnnity must realize that it must create the 
necessary social agencies to care for its handicapped if 
it expects to deal with such a problem in an intelligent 
ud humane manner and to redeem such of its 
handicapped as it is possible to redeem so as to enable 
fhem to become self-supporting and self-respecting 
members of the community. 

The community has so far created and supported 
agencies for the care of the Jewish deaf-mutes. ^It should 
bear in mind that although deaf-mutes do not procreate 
there is a steady increase in the Jewish deaf-mute popu- 
lation of Oreater New York and it should therefore 
support with greater generosity the Association for the 
Improved Instruction of Deaf -Mutes and the Society for 
the Welfare of the Jewish Deaf. The Community should 
atsist the Society for the Welfare of the Jewish Deaf 
to create a department for the care of the hard of hearing. 

Through the Federation for the Support of Philan- 
thropic Societies it is now possible for the community to 
fefuse to support more than one institution engaged in 
the same work. There is no room for duplication. 
Duplication at best pauperizes those whom it aims to 
help. 

The community ought to support with great generosity 
one of the existing agencies for the Jewish blind to care 
for the Jewish blind in an adequate manner. What 



>94 COMMUNAL 

□ceded at the outset is a social center, centmUy loctud 
id easy of access. A bureau of vocational guidonw t> 
lide parents of bliud children iu siiaping the fstuR 
: their children both as to educatiou and training, tin 
ling away with the present situation of making 
isket-weaver of every blind person; also to guide wf 
ivise those, who become blind after maturity in re^ 
isting thenu^elvos and in choosing a new vouiliou. Tbi 
ust be done in an individual way. The blind have 
kes and dislikes, and their aptitudes should be 
lered. Many blind persons would become useful i 
•rs of society if properly guided by such a burao. 
leh an agency sliould not engage in relief or social 
rvice work. The U. H. C. exists for just this purpc* 

These are communal problems and sbould be looked at 



PHUiUITHBOPIC AQENCIEg 



J8T OP INSTrrunONB FOR DEFECmVBS 



Oam far tk* Imwr^t* 
rmetfm at Deaf 
b •04-911 Leslnston 
Pnm^ raliz H. Ijavy, 
TOtawmj. Sac'y.. Said- 
f. Neirbarrer, 100 
r. Princ Harrla T»t- 
04 Lezlnston Are. 
>lUb«d 18M. Inc. IBS*. 
et for 1S17, tlOl.TTt. 
itueni memlMr of Fed- 
in for the Support of 
>h PhlUQthropIc Socl- 
Oldeat oral, and the 
Jewlah School for the 
in America. PUBFOSB: 
provide an education 
leaf child ran by the 
method; to teach each 
• trade ao that ha may 
> m e aelf-Bupportlng." 
V1TIE3: 1. Academl<^. 
Ida School, (a) Boys — 
^ntry, cablnet-maklnK. 
Ins. alKD-palnti 



(b) 



irlng 
— DreBi-maklns. 

cooklns. domeatic acl- 

and embroidery. 
. Fells H., Free. Aeao. 
•n for the Improved In- 
tlon ot Deaf Mutes. 
Leitngton A»e.) ; aincf 
Term 1 year. Born 
In Teiai. Recelveil B 
d L. L. B, at Unlverslly 
'Irginla. lawyer. 12S 
y. Rea.: B7 W. SCth St. 

4 CkU^rea'a DrtvlaK 

. 1G1« B. lEth SI.. 
D. Prea.. Joaeph Q. 
IW *1 QroB^ St- St- 



Walter S. Sacha. «• Wall St. 
Incorporated 1904. Orsant- 
aation owna atasea. Budset 
for 1917. |t.OOO. Conitltuent 
member of Federation for 
the support of Jewlah Phi- 
lanthropic Socletiea. PUR- 
POSE: '''To (urnlah atas* 
drlvca cratultoualy to needy 
cripplea and convaleacent 
children tram April to Octo- 
ber." 

Drcrfaa. Joaeyk O^ Frea. 
Crippled Chlldrena' Drlvlns 
Fund. (lB3e B. Itth St, 
B-klyn): since lilt. Temi 1 
year. Born 1874 In Swltter- 
land. Came to V. 8. IStE. 
Attended Columbia UnlTen- 
Ity. Broker. 14 Broad St. 
Rfh.: 304 W. SGth St. 
The Crippled CUIdnm'a Eaat 
aide Free Brkoel, IGT Henry 
St. Prea.. Mra. Arthur Leh- 
man, !1 W, Beth St. Sec'y, 
Mrs. Albert SellKman, BO 
Park Ave. Sup'l, Miea Elinor 
Franklin, 16T Henry St. Ea- 
tabllabed 1E>01. Incorporated 
1907. Conatltuent member of 
Federation for the Support 
of Jewlah Philanthropic So- 
cieties. BudRot for 1917. 
127.414. Attendance. !10. 
PURPOSE: "To provide an 
education for crippled chil- 
dren who, because »t Iheir 
InflrmKles, cannot attend 
the regrulttr aohool; to Im- 
prove tbelr phyiica) condi- 
tion; to train them to be- 
come aelt-aupportlng and to 
provide them with work." 



PHILANTHBOFIC A0ENCIB8 



and aerure work lor 
employed J«wlih 
utea of N. T, to pro 
belr social and Intel 
welfare and to pro 
em with rellslaua In 
in and opportunities 
rahlp." ACTIYITIBB; 
/ment Bureau, Buraau 
rice and Intormatlon. 
al service work. Bre- 



nlnK claasea. L«cturea and 
motion plcturea, cluba. la- 
aues monthly "Jewish Deaf," 
Erluser, AknhaB, Prea. 
aoc (or Welfare of Jewlah 
Deaf (iO W. llEth St.), since 
Itlt. Term 1 year. Born 
1866 In IT. 8. Received com- 
mon school education. Mer- 
chant: )60 E'vay. Res.: 48 
W. G4tb St. 



* . -^l 



\>- 



PHILiilNTHROPIC AGENCIES 1109 

HOMES FOB THE AGED 

By Albert Kbugeb 
Supt. of Home of the Daughters of Jacob 

*he fourth commandment has always been held in the 
liest veneration by Jews of all ages and climes. It is 
surprising to find, therefore, that in the number and 
of its institutions for the care of the aged poor, 
r York Jewry has far surpassed its (Gentile neighbors, 
he first of these Homes for the aged (in point of 
was the Home for the Aged and Infirm of New 
k, established in 1870, and whose magnificent build- 
; at 105th Street and Columbus Avenue house some 
inmates of both sexes. For over thirty-seven years 
institution proved adequate to meet the demands of 
ever increasing body of the New York Jewish Com- 
dty. 

a immigration increased, however, and the East Side 
une more and more congested, it was felt that local 
Is were suflSciently urgent to permit of the establish- 
it of another Home, and accordingly the Home of the 
ighters of Jacob was organized in 1897, of which 
L A. J. Dworsky has been President since its founda- 
L and of which the writer of this article has been 
»erintendent since June, 1900. In its first Home at 40 
ivemeur Street, it provided accommodations for only 
ly-two old people, but in its present location at 301- 
-303 East Broadway its spacious wards house 204. 
us for the new Home, now in course of construction 
''indlay and Teller Avenues and 167th Street, Bronx, 



J 



PSLiU^THBOPIO AQEN0IB8 



1111 



irially reduced the normal yield dt every dollar of 
hardwon ihconije. , 

be end of the War will, no doubt, bring such f ar- 
hing changes in its path, that the problem of the 
les for the Aged will no longer be a purely private 
sem, but will become a public matter of the j9rst im- 
ance, through the introduction of old age pensions, 
other social legislation. 



■ / 



m 



COMMUNAL RHGISTBR 



List of Homes for the Aged 



-TOME OF THE DAUOHTERS OF JACOB. 301-3DII 

Broadwar. (Est. 1S9T. Inc. 1897) la a permuent di 
(or poor and aged men and women, rangtog In ag« tnA 
years to 108 years. The Home houses at tbe prMUill 
200 Inmatefl, or whom llB are men. and 89 woicfa B 
tbe total number are patients in the boapttal v>rdi <) 
Home, some suCferfng from acute tllneases. the ViK 
being chronic lavalldB. A special ward or ten novnH 
Kslde lor the accommodation of married couples. 

The sources of Income of tbe iDstitutlon an the U 
fees of 3000 members, voluntary contrtbutlona. Ul 
proceeds ot an annual ball. To insure the Onanclat nil) 
of tbe Home, the "Dally Supporting System" was In 
rated In 1914. for tbe purpose of obtalotng tlie BBpfO 
365 subscribers, each of whom would donat* OTorJ 
the sum of fll5. to cover the cost of malntensoce « 
Home for one dav. The expenses of maintenance for 
year 1916. were «G0.760.27. The daily per capita 
is .IGc. 

To meet the Increase 
Che organization has be) 
tor the aBed, at ItlTlh 



PHILANTHROPIC AOSNCIBS 



1118 



)re robbed of their own homes. Here the best 
id medical care is provided^for the inmates; Uie 

of their lonely life is enlivened by entertain- 
Qcerts, dramatic recitals furnished by talented 
the institution. Regular synagogue services are 
tcted. Exercise out of doors, whenever the eon- 
he aged person, and the weather permit, is prac- 
encouraged. 
Btitntion accommodates 350 persons. Special 

set aside for aged couples, 
iety is a constituent member of the Federation 
ipport of Jewish Philanthropic Societies of New 
The budget for 1917 was 182,654.00, of which 
ition provided 172,699.00. 

cers are: — President, Julius Ballin; Secretary, 
Cohn; Treasurer, Sol Friedman; Superintendent, 
latchek, 121 W. 105th St. 

Julius, Pres. The Home for Aged aud Infirm 
t N. Y. (105th & 106th Sts. West of Columbus 
ce 1904. Born in Germany. Game to U. S. 
lee 111 5th Ave. Res. 73 E. 91st St. 



th Hom« for the 

A lBllrm« Tonkers. 
iw York office: 2307 
y. Founded in 1882. 
Ton Sulzberg. Vice- 
. J. Lfc Blumenthal. 
. Bernard M. Kap- 
as., M. Minzesheim- 
.city: 100. Number 
es: 52. Budget for 
SIT.S"*. Maintained 
•eneflt of the mem- 
he Independent Or- 
B'rith. 

I711 Hebreinr Home 
A.ffed, Dumont and 
Ave., B'klyn. Pres.. 
rles Rosenthal, Du- 
id Howard Aves.. 
Established and lo- 
rd 1907. PURPOSK: 
ter, maintain and 
the Hebrew Indi- 



gent aged of Brooklyn and 
to administer to them in ac- 
cordance with their physical, 
religious and spiritual 
needs," 



Harlem Home of the Daugh- 
ters of Israel, 32-34 E. 119th 
St. Pres., Mrs. Dora Mulgood 
100 W. 141st St. Sec'y, Helen 
Kaletzky, 133 Lenox Ave. 
Mgr., Barnet Attle. Estab- 
lished 1907. Number of in- 
mates 68. PURPOSE: "To 
care for the homeless aged." 
MalKood, Dora, Pres. Har- 
lem Home, Daughters of Is- 
rael (32 E. 119th St.), since 
1916. Term 1 year. Born 
1853 in Russia. Came to 
U. S. 1867. Received public 
school education. Res.: 100 
W. 14l8t St. 



1114 COMMUNAL 

Hvbrm Home Inr the Ageil 
■nd Hcbrrn ShvllPTlnv Soc 

108 E. I06lh SI. Prea., Wolf 
Hpner. 2210 aecond Ave. 
Bec'y. Isaac S«bq1. 63 E. 
lOEth SI. EatBbllBhed and 
Incorporated 1816, PUR- 
POSE: "To provid 



for 



>vide 



lealB and lodglns lor aev- 
eral nlgrhta Cor wayfarers. 
Epner, W., Pres. Hebrew 
Home for Aged and Hebrew 
Bheltering Society (lOS E. 
lOfith St.), Hince 1317. Term 
1 year. Born 18E5 In Russia. 
Ceme to U. S. 1S93. Received 
generftl Jewish educnllor. 

15 K. lOSlh St. 



Indigent co-rellglonlil 
I.evy. Aamn J^ Pres. 
of the Sons and Daui 
of Israel (230 E. lOU 
since 131S. Term 1 
Born J8S1 In N. Y. On 
ad New York Unlvi 
Justice. Municipal Coi 
City of New Torit; ICI 
Ison St. Res.: ao7 O. I 

Jewish Home Cor . 

iBann, 14 7tb St. ' 
P. A. Sleselatetn,^' 

St. Secy, Dr. fM 
BraunatalQ, (I 1t\9 
orary Sucft, A«n 
107 W- <th St., Mt ■»< 

N, Y. Eatabllabed u 
corporated 1912. H« 
ship *00. PURPOSE; "1 
iind assist In houslnj 

llibrcws of both sexei 




PHILANTHROPIC AGENCIES 



•HW 



BSSIONAIi WORKERS IN VfOBLANTBBOVlO 

AGENCIES 



«lbc«ea, 911 Fox St 
re work. Lebanon 



iMbel, S7S Ralph 
clyn. Head Super- 
Oirls, Brooklyn He- 
phan Asylum. 

Albert J^ 40 West 

Rabbi and Execu- 

ctor. Society for the 

of the Jewish Deaf. 

Miae L., SS Pike St. 
erk, Hebrew Shel- 
nd Immigrant Aid 



veaa 8^ 67 E. 95th 
Be, Committee Care 
h Tuberculous. 

I^ 656 W. 160th St. 
Hospital. 



nmam, Faaay, PleasantTiUe, N. 
T. Cottage Mother, Hebrew 
Sheltering Guardian Society. 



J^ 24 B. 99th St Social 
Service Worker, Mt. Sinai 
Hospital. 

Bellkofl, May, 92 Jefferson St., 
B'klyn. Nurse, Committee 
for the Care of Jewish Tu- 
berculous. 

Beaery, Mrs. A., 732 Flushing 
Aye., B'klyn. United Jewish 
Aid Society. 



Bcrgataa, Bva, 1226 Prospect 
Ave. Visitor. United He- 
brew Charities. 



Beratam, Bella, 2828 W. 22nd 
St.. B'klyn. Field Worker. 
Committee for the Care of 
the Jewish Tuberculous. 



sy, 80 Maiden Lane, 
pher and C o r r e - 
, Baron de Hirsch 



Bernstein, L. B^ Sup't Hebrew 
Sheltering Guardian Society. 
Pleasantville. N. Y. 



[n. A.* 57 W. lOth 
rt Worker, Sister- 
(panish Portuguese 
ae. 



Best, Harry, University Settle- 
ment, Eldridge and Riving- 
ton Sts. Teacher of Evening 
Class. Society of the Wel- 
fare of the Jewish Deaf. 



aeob, 470 W. 145th 
rding Out Depart- 
e b r e w Sheltering 
I Society. 



Bettataa, Blanche 8., $56 2iid 
Ave. Secretary Executive 
Director, United Hebrew 
Charities. 



^IHHH^^H 




1120 COMMUNAL RBGISTBB 


ui, etn A.TA. uid.iooth st. 


[•rlns Guardian SogI 


Bld« Ave. Secretary, Free 
BynagOBtie, Social Ser*I^B 

Dept. 


Kind SI. Read ' 
Emanuel BlaterhoOi 


A.VO., B'klyn, HaaiJ Super- 
visor of GIrlH, Broohlyn He- 
brew Orphan Asylum. 


SL Adrautine Cle 
Sln&l BoapilBl. 


BMium, Hra. M. aiJUi W. 
S4tli St. Head workei. Social 
Service Dep't, Mt..Blii»t Soa- 
pltal. 


Clali. M„ 3»0 Cllnl 
B'klyn. BrlsttUMeJ) 



Co hen, E' 
T. MU! 

ShelterJ 



N 



PHILAKTHROPIG AOBNOIBS 



1121 



bTfiiuuB, Sup't Lebanon 
tal. Westchester and 
well Aves. 

lam, 1118 Forest Ave. 
Isator, United Hebrew 
ies. 

I^ Mt. Sinai Hospital. 
ve. and 100th St. Mt. 
Hospital. 

, Marj. Pleasantville, 

Teacher, Hebrew 

ring: Guardian Society. 

aniB, Nettle, Matron, 
w Orphan Asylum. 

TK, Kate, 1048 Failc St. 
[re Mother, Hebrew 
ring Guardian Society. 

, Madeline, 180 Edge- 
Ave. Nurse, Ehnanuel 
hood. 

leob R., 229 B. B'way. 
al Managrer, Hebrew 
Ting and Immlgrrant 
oclety. 

^anmj, 89 Cannon St. 
s t a n t Klndergrarten, 
tside Day Nursery. 

d, R., 318 B. 82nd St. 
to Head Worker, 
uel Sisterhood. 

■• SolOHiOii, 62 Saint 
I PI. Sup't Hebrew 
lal Orphan House. 

tone, I«lbble, 414 East 

?t. Information Clerk, 
1 Hebrew Charities. 



Bllaabet^ S66 Saoond 
Ave. Regifltrar, Solomon 
and Betty Loeb Home. 

Frank, Leak H., 2147 Wash- 
ing:ton Ave., c|o Reis. Ap- 
plication Bureau, United 
Hebrew Charities. 

« 

Frank, Ijonla J« 70 Jefferson 
St. Superintendent, Beth 
Israel. 

Frankel, Fanny, Pleasantville, 
N. Y. Cottage Mother, He- 
brew Sheltering: Guardian 
Society. 

Frledlander, Jolui, Pleasant- 
ville. N. T. Head of Relig- 
ious Dep't. Hebrew Shelter- 
ing: Guardian Society. 

Friedlander, Racket, 1660 Am- 
sterdam Ave. After Care 
Worker, Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum. 

Germaneck, A., 870 Boston 
Ave., Bridgeport, Conn. 
Trained Baby Nurse, Brigrht- 
side Dayside Nursery. 

GIblan, Rose, 36 W. 68th St. 
Child Adoption Committee, 
Social Worker. 

Ginsberg:, Panllne, 1527 Mor- 
ris Ave. Investigator, United 
Hebrew Charities. 

Glrndlansky, William, Super- 
visor of Children, Hebrew 
Orphan Asylum. 



^^^^^^^^^^^^^^H 


^^^^^^^^I^^^^^^^B^^^^^^^^^^I 




ip 

1122 COMMUNAL 


REGISTER 


Glliilk. P. I„, Adull CanJlac 


Gol>UteU, SMuy K. d 


Worker, Mt Blna! HoHplial. 


lg3d St. Director Sor.U 


5th Ave. and lOOIb St. 


vice Dep't Free Sroai 


Gllclunaa, Balbrr. Pleoaiint- 




vllle. N. Y. Cottnge Motlier, 


St. Eieoutlve Director 




pfBtlon Tor the Supp- 


Gunrdlan Society. 


Jtwlsh 1'hila.ntbroplc 




tleg of New York CU> 


Glackanno. Hunr L_ Asalal- 




ant BxeeullVB Director, 




JewlBh Board ror Welfare 


Sup't, Mt. SInal Ho.pl' 


Work In the U. B, Army and 




Navy. 19 W. 4*th St. 


Ciaed«B, ■.llllu. PUi 




vine, N. T. CottagB U 


Sold. B«BMle, S<I E. Id St. 




United Hebrew Charities. 


Society. 



intal Uyglene Worker, 



ere. S_ 31G E. SSnd ^l. 



OOBRECnONAL AGENCIES 



1128 



H^ 226 E. 68d St 

mt Supt.» Clara De 
School. 



r, 188th St. 
mst^rdam Ave. In- 
Ltor in Af ter-c are 
Hebrew Orphan Asy- 



Henrjt 833 Elton Ave. 
or, United Hebrew 

lea. 

Cella, 866 2nd Ave. 
lecretary. Committee 
i Care of the Jewish 
ulous. 

Edith, 472 Hancock 
Iclyn. Head. Recrea- 
Department, Hebrew 
a t i o n a 1 Society of 



tela, Minnie, 1411 
Concourse. After Care 
r. Hebrew Orphan 
1. 

In. Roae, 401 Quincy 
:lyn. Nurse, Commit- 
the Care of the Jew- 
berculous. 

WUItam, Ardsley, N. 
Bv^ish Board for WeU 
ork. 

14, B«Mle,'373 Ralph 
rklyn. Head Super- 
>f the Girls, B'klyn 
r Orphan Asylum. 

ky, F a B » 1 e. Head 
ess, Hebrew Orphan 

I. 



Hoch hawser, Eldward, 866 2nd 
Ave. Executive Sec'y, Com- 
mittee for the Care of the 
Jewish Tuberculous. 

Hoffflun, Ida, 182 B. 46th St. 
Supt. Social Service Depart- 
ment, Beth Israel Hospital. 



HoffBMui, Rebeeca, 378 Ralph 
Ave., B'klyn. Gtoverness. 
Brooklyn Hebrew Orphan 
Asylum. 

Horn, B., 1361 Madison Ave. 
Dental Sursreon, Hebrew 
Shelteringr Guardian So- 
ciety. 

Hero wits, Mrs. Panllae, 494 E. 

141st St. Nurse. Commit- 
tee for the Care of the 
Jewish Tuberculous. 

HnrwltB, Maximilian, 40 W. 

115th St Asst. Manaerer, So- 
ciety for the Welfare of the 
Jewish Deaf. 

Hyklas, Mm. Rebeeca, 666 

Beck St. Investigator. 
United Hebrew Charities. 

Hyntan, Zelda, 180 St. Nicho- 
las Ave. Investigrator. 
United Hebrew Charities. 

JacobM. Stelln. Social Worker. 
Beth Israel Hospital. 

Jacoby, Aaron L^ 373 Ralph 
Ave., B'klyn. Assistant Su- 
perintendent, Brooklyn He- 
brew Orphan Asylum. 

JoflTe, Iiiabelle, 356 Second Ave. 
Investlfirator, United He- 
brew Charities. 



i 



PHILANTHROPIC AQENOIES 



1125 



u B^ 5th Ave. and 

t.. Ml. Sinai Hospital. 

■7> Qun Hill Rd. and 
dge Ave. Monteflore 



Beeale, Pleasantville, 
Cottagre Mother, He- 
Sheltering: Guardian 



■. Jm 140 E. 83d St. 
>rhood Worker, Sls- 
nish and Portugruese 
pie. 

m R., 225 E. 63d St. 
ist. Superintendent. 
e Hirsch Home. 

Lebanon Hospital, 
le. Free Synagogue. 

« Clara, Pleasant- 
Y. Hebrew Shelter- 
rdian Society. 



373 Ralph 
r o o kly n. Governor, 
n Hebrew Orphan 



I., Hebrew Orphan 

Supervisor, Board- 

p't, Hebrew Orphan 



Mrs. Bertha, 429 W. 

Investigrator, 
Hebrew Charities. 



Jean, Lebanon Hos- 
pltaL Medical Social Work- 
er, Free Synagogue. 



Bllsabeth, 87S Ralph 
Ave., B'klyn. Govarness. 
B'klyn Hebrew Orphan Asy- 
lum. 

Lowensteln, Harriet B^ 52 

William St. Federation of 
Philanthropic Societies. 

Lowenateln, SoloBHm, Amster- 
dam Ave. and 138th St. 
Superintendent, Hebrew Or- 
phan Asylum. 

Lablta, Bertha, Pleasantville. 
N. Y. Teacher, Hebrew Shel- 
tering Guardian Society. 

Lyon, Dolly, ^60 Bedford Ave.. 
B'klyn. Supervisor District 
Relief Work, United Hebrew 
Charities. 



MeCleary, A., 

100th St. Mt. 



5th Ave. and 
Sinai Hospital. 



Mallts, Joseph, 229 E. B'way. 

Distribution Sec'y. Hebrew 
Sheltering and Immigrant 
Aid Society. 

Manheim, Viola, 83 St. Nich- 
olas PI. Voc. Guidance In- 
vestigator, United Hebrew 
Charities. 



Margolles, H., 

Ave.. B'klyn. 
Aid Society. 



732 Flushing 
United Jewish 



s. Amelia, 190 Bow- 
iperintendent, Wid- 
others' Fund. 



MeyerowltB, Hannnh. Gover- 
ness. Hebrew Orphan Asy- 
lum. 



26 

tcrtr. I 



COMMUNAL REOISTER 



M(M>, SGS E. 



We., New Rochelle. Child 
Adoption CaiaiD.. Free 8rn- 

•»em. H^ Eth Ave. and IDOlh 
it. Mt. Sinsl Hospital. 

mdiee. I-OHb. BTl KBlPh 

\.ve., B'klyn. Oovernor, 
Brooklyn H»brew Orphan 



Ave. Relief Cleric. EH 
uel Sisterhood. 

Oppcnbrtmer, M. Il4br*w 0^ 
phan Asylum. 1iive(ttr*l«r 
In Atler-cnre Work, Hebrrt 
Orphan Asi'lunil 

UaentS. Atnakaa. IR W 

St. BxeeutlTe D I r c o 
United Hebrew Chartllf 
the City of Ntw Yt-rk 






lrph7< M., Sth A 



PHQiANTHBOPIO AOBNCIBS 



1127 



, Bditk, New York 
of Jewish Women. 
Is IslBJid. 



., 8S9 KaUy 
St. Executive ClerHr Wid- 
owed Mothers' Fund. 



Ples^ant- 
r. Oottase Mother, 
thelterlnar Ouardlan 



lara, Pleasantvllle* 
•ttag:e Mother, He- 
elterins Guardian 



BosenberiTt Ida* Hebrew Or- 
phan Asylum. Qovemess, 
Hebrew Orphan Asylum. 

Roseastefii* Re1»eeeis> SO^'Lez- 
Ingrton Ave. Teacher of Bve- 
niner Class, Society for the 
Welfare of the Jewish Deaf. 



Iteh, Samael. 14*42 
. Brooklyn Man- 
:ed Jewish Aid So- 



•• EUse, 8d Cannon 
rintendent. Bright- 
Nursery. 



e, Hele» D. 

Visitor, 
:;harities. 



601 W. 
United 



RosoTsky, Rebecca* Children's 
Cardiac Clinic, Mount Sinai 
Hospital, 6th Ave. and 100th 
St. Mount Sinai Hospital. 

SaplnitclB, Sara, Pleasantville, 
^. T. Cottagre Mother, He- 
brew Shelteringr Guardian 
Society. 



Schrank, Henrietta. Gover- 
ness. Hebrew Orphan Asy- 
lum. 



RcnbCB R., He- 

>han Asylum. Su- 
of Boys, Hebrew 
sylum. 

lorenca* Pleasaat- 
'. Cottage Mother, 
helterlngr Guardian 



Pleasantville. 
ttaare Mother. He- 
slterinff Guardian 



ttte^ Pleasantville. 
ilor Cottagre Moth- 
w Shelteringr Guar- 
>ty. 



Scbonberg, Joseph B. 91 2nd 

Ave. Law Clerk and In- 
vestigator. National Deser- 
tion Bureau. 

Scbnlman, BvelTm Ii.* 117 8. 

9th St.. Brooklyn. Nurse, 
United Hebrew Charities. 

Sthor, Solomon H., 2118 Bry- 
ant Ave. Investigator, 
United Hebrew Charities. 

Schweltaer, David J., 32 W. 

115th St. Head Worker, 
Fellowship House. 

Seadler, Miriam, 225 W. 110th 
St. Lebanon Hospital. 



COMMUNAL BEdlSTKB 



tbvek**. S. K„ IS Fort 
ffKBhtngtOQ Ave. DUtFlcl 
iuporrlaor, Unltad Hebrew 



Iccl, CclU, PlaaeantvllU, 

fl, Y. CoHago Mother, He- 
brew ShetlerlriK Guardian 
Joclely. 

BXCr, Hra. Bsttle, 41S E. 

iuth St. Superintendent SeC- 
:lement House. New Tark 

iJouncll of Jewish Women. 



i-llle, N. Y. Principal. He- 
^oelety. 



SMaBerfeld. Rmt. 11^ R (M 

St. SnperlDtesdeal. CiMi 
Da HIrsch Bom*. 

atKtr, H. Sa g Vttrooa A>V 
Brooklyn. Uanagei Eduif 
tlonal Dep't. Uetirvv Slul- 
terlng and IramlBranl *H 

Society. 

Bten, Clan. Et S. t! 
Bualnea* Invei tipw, 
UnllBd Hebrew ChirUli 

ateraberc Braeatloe, II *< 
111th SL Workroon D\ttf I 
tor. Binsnuel aiatarhood- 

SIcrnfelB, Mra. It. .V. EJUI 
Island. N. T. Inve8ll£<lor. 
New York Counell of J(» 
l»h Women. 



PHIULNTHBOPIG AOBNCIBS 



1129 



Mn. Cclla, Blackwell's 
I. Welfare, New York 
:il of Jewish Women. 



Zaeharteht K^ Mount Slnal 
HoaplUl, 6th Ave. and 100th 
St. Mount Sinai Hospital. 



86 Amboy 
rooklyn. Investlgrator, 
il Hebrew Charities. 

iMh Mnu Ida, 618 W. 
St. Investlgrator, 
d Hebrew Charities. 

IrSi D. B., 227 E. 72nd 
hief Supervisor, United 
iw Charities. 



r, 260 Windsor 
Brooklyn. Visitor, 
ired Mothers* Fund. 



ZallBver» Rose, 89 Cannon St. 
Nurse, Br^arhtside Day Nur- 
sery. 

Zliuilier, F r a B c e a St 68 St. 

Marks PI. Investlgrator, 
United Hebrew Charities. 

ZablBsko, Betty, 1605 46th St. 
After-care Worker, Brook- 
lyn Hebrew Orphan Asylum. 

Znnser, Charlea, 6711 14th 
Ave., Borougrh Park. Acting 
Secretary and Counsel, Na- 
tional Desertion Bureau. 




•ttiitiW; 



Correctional Agencies 




It'llft'fH 



CORREOnONAL AGENCIES 1133 

PROBLEM OF DELINQUENCY IN 
FHE JEWISH COMMUNITY OP 
NEW YORK CITY 

lLexander H. Kaminsky, Managing Director, 
The Jewish Big Brother Association 

general problem of delinquency did not engage 
3ntion of the public consciousness until rather late 
development of this country. All the energies 
lew land were centered upon the rapid upbuilding 
industries, and at the beginning but very little 
as given to the consideration of correctional work, 
ditional element in retarding the development of 
t along Jewish correctional lines was the inability 
Jewish community to grasp fully the grave signifi- 
of the problem of delinquency in the new 
iment. 

so very long ago a statement was made in one 
criminal Courts by a Judge of renowned fairness 
sioUy that he would inflict heavier punishment 
I Jewish offender by reason of the fact that Jews 
nown as people exceptionally free from the taint 
linality. Unfortunately, the great influx of im- 
ion, the economic conditions under which the 
•ants lived, the estrangement between parent and 
^used by new circumstances and influences, as 
the fixed ideas of the parents that could not adapt 
Ives to the aspirations of the younger generation, 
1 toward the creation of a condition which deprived 
)wing Jewish child of the advice and guidance so 
.ry for him. The boy or girl thrown into the new 



34 C-OMUUNAL RKOteTER 

viromnuit iii the streete of the crowjed district* wili* 
t proper direction assimilated the sordid and bi 
lits, and lacking parental guidance often fell vietiin 
3 vicious influences. 

The economic conditions which forced the yonngrti 
'.o industry, have also contributed largely to tht U 
irit of indepeudeiice, which was an additional tkm 

the breaking up of the family circle. The Je* 
ild, having lost the benefit of proper home inflm-ni 
d little or nothing to replace lliem. The Ji'wisli a 
inity, as a whole, woke up to the situation entire! 
> late. It took notice of the conditions only wbea 
bstantial increase in crime among the younger mcmbeii 

our race forced attention to it. 
The entire problem logically divides itself into I'M 
oupa, viz: (1) Prevention; (2) Probation; (3) Mia- 
ration to the Inmates of Prisons, and (H After-cW 



GORBBCnONAL AGENCIES 1185 

oake a beginning in after-care work. Some years ago 
umber of the Jndges of the Court of Oeneral Sessions 
ed the attention of prominent Jews in our community 
the need of investigators and probation ofiScers for 
nders of our race. About that time a movement, 
oh cubninated in the formation of the Jewish Pro- 
ory Society whose object was to build a Beformatory 
Station for Jewish boys under sixteen, was in- 
nrated* Finally, as many of the leaders of the 
dah Protectory Movement were also identified with 

Jewish Prisoners' Aid Society, it was deemed ad- 
kble to co-ordinate the work, and finally, a little more 
a a decade ago, the Jewish Prisoners' Aid Society 
. the Jewish Protectory and Aid Society were merged 
special Act of Legislature into the Jewish Protectory 
. Aid Society, which was chartered by the State to 
1 in a comprehensive way with the entire problem of 
fish delinquency. At the present time this Society 

two major fields of activity: Hawthorne School at 
nrthome, New York, a reformatory institution for 
8 under sixteen, and its department of outside ac- 
ties which deals with probation in the Courts of 
leral Sessions; and Parole-Work and After-Care of 
goners from our Penal Institutions. 



COMMUNAL BEOISTER 

List and Description uf 

IWISH CORRECTIONAL AGENCIES IS 

NEW YORK CITY 

HE JE^VTSH nifi ItltOTHER AS80C1ATI0X, (EsUt 
1, 356 Second Ave. 

e Jewish Big Brother Movement, a pioneer in tble field 

[ndeavor among Ihe Jews, was eBlabllshed Id 1909 as » 

t result ot the needs ot Jewish Children arraigned in 

|Children'B Courts of New York City. At that time bm 

Probation Officer, privately paid, devoted pari 

Ills time to the Manhattan Court. He was ftsslgnej to 

prvlse the conduct of the Jewlsb children wb«n placed 

'obatlon. The number of delinquenta Increased mi- 

Elly until one olBcer could do but little more tfaui rtH 

(roll of thP children at stated Intervals. The idea wis 

ived of inieresting Jewish young men in aldins 

nn olT1i'(>r hy helping him supervise the conduct 

or of dPllTiqueTit boys rpsiding in the neighbor- 

f loUinlfir workers. The idea was lo eiiuulaif 

ns of an older brother in a well-regulated family 

yiiunpor brniher. Thus the name "Big Brother' 



COBRECnONAIi AGENCIES 1187 

)r8, from principals of Public Schools, heads of 
ts and social centres, and from parents and friends 
srnable or delinquent boys ranging from 8 to 16 
age. 

iBoclatlon also maintains a representative in the 

1 Court whose duty it is to advise parents whose 
ire arraigned, and to consult with the presiding 
special cases where co-operation is necessary. A 
r shelter is also maintained, where boys are housed 
od of one to four weeks until proper arrangements 
ide for supervision and care of the boy. 

the year 1917 the Association supervised appros- 
00 boys. 

ciety is affiliated with the Federation for the Sup- 
^wish Philanthropic Societies of N. Y. The budget 
was 15,941.21, of which the Feder