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Full text of "Joe Worker and the story of labor"

JOE WORKER md 




The mighty JOE WORKER, hero of 
Labor, goes marching down the ages! 

Na/iona/ lahot Service, U. S. A- 



FOREWORD 



HERE is the STORY of LABOR in America - dra- 
matic! important! thrill-packed! more exciting than any 
adventure novel! 

Join the millions of Americans who have always 
wanted to know the real, true story of Labor and Labor 
Unions in this country. Why did Captain John Smith's 
Colony foil? Who were the Sons of Liberty? When did 
the first labor union start? What part did Labor play 
in the fight for free education? What was the Know- 
Nothing Party? What was the difference between the 
First and the Second Ku Klux Klan? Who was Samuel 
Gompers? What did the Knights of Labor want? 

NRA . . . NLRB . . . FEPC ... AFL ... CIO ... do 
you know what these letters stand for? What is Labor 
fighting for now? 

All the answers — and plenty more — con be found 
in this color-splashed, dialogued series of comic strips, 
with peppy explanatory text. 

When you have finished this great story, you will 
have a new understandmg and a new pride in the 
history of the American worker and his fight for better 
conditions, for a world free of intolerance and preju- 
dice, for a world of decency and unity. 

A book for every American — regardless of race, 
color or creed. 



IHf THICK Of SETTING WOKKEII AGAINST WOKKEH STAITEO WAT lACK. THE IDEA WAS TO 
«EEP COMMON MEN OF OlFfEREHT TRUES AND TONGUES OIVIDEO AND ENSLAVED. KING 
NIMROD OF ANCIENT lABYlONIA TRIED THIS, lUT IT DION T WORK-HE EVEN LOST HIS 
OWN KINGDOM THE CENTURIES HAVE TAUGHT LAIOR THE GREAT LESSON-ONIY IN UNION 
IS THERE STRENGTH. SO TODAY All AMERICAN WORKERS, NATIVE lORN AND FOREIGN. 
CHRISTIAN AND JEW, WHITE AND NEGRO, TOGETHER MARCH FORWARD. 






h"^. 



YOU MU^ FINISH THIS f^WBR \ FEAR N07 
OF 0ABBL SOON OUR BNBMI£S ] GREAT 
AK£ (EfATHERiNG, 0lfT I FEAR J NIMROP/\ 
fteVOLT IN mis CONCOURSE / TUEY ARE 
^ OF tAANi , 
TONSUE5 AND] 
I'VE STIRRED 
MUCH MISUN- 
OeRSTANDINGI: 
aETWEEN 
THEM' 



OF WORKER SLAVES' 



YOU O'f^ry ELAMfTE' 
IMHY DONT you &0 
BACK WHERE you 
CAME FROM' 



YOURS IS T WRY DO 
A BAfte*^- you FlOHT} 

ROUS ARC you 

TONGUE, \NOT BOTH 
you FILTHY ] WORKERS'; 
CHAWEAt^' 



l^^/limrrr:! 

hi ■ 



f%»M»»^'' \K,. 



My PLANS WORK! 
HiMROD NEEO 
FEAR HO REVOU 
FROIA THESE. 
FOOLS! 



TAt<e 7M«r 
YOU /SRAELlTB 



HELP 
ME' 



HEY' GET TO 
WORK! THE 
ASSYRlAHS ,, 
AKE QOMtNG>r 



Imy overseer was 
\a fool! hap my 
\workers stuck tv- 
\g>etuer...' 









ALAS' NOW I AM 
WORSE OFF THAN 
BEFORE'. 

YOU would] 
NOT HEEP 
ME THEN, 
BUT SOME 
PAY WB 
WORKERS 
WILL UNITE] 
AND SPEAK f 
THE SAME 
.t.^^^^Js^'-^&UAGE. 



JOE WORKER WAS A TRUE PROPHET. IN 



ATTA BOY. /ZZ// 
YOU'RE DOIN& 
SWELL' 



KEEP 'EM 
ROLLING 
GBOR&E'. 






IN UNION 
THERE IS , 
STRENGTH TOl 
L\CK ALL 
KINDS OF 
TYRANTS' 



*;^s 



when! THERE 'RE 
THOUGANDS LIKE 
US IN THE AIR! 



YEAH! THOSE 
FELLOWS 
BACK HOME 
ARE SURE 
DOING A _^^. 

JOB' nw 



BOM0S\ 

away! 



GOt. 



^-J^i^ 






tUUKS DIDN'T CMANCE MUCH DOWR THE CENTUKIU AfTER KIH6 MIMKOO. U THE MIOM-E 
AGES MOST WOKXEftS WERE SERFS Tl£» TO THE FEUDAL MANOR. LATER THE PROOUCERS Of 
COODS TRIED THE GUILD SYHEM AND FROM THE IZTH TO THE ISTH CENTURIES CRAFT AND 
MERCHANT GUILDS FLOURISHED. lUT THESE 0RGANI2ATI0HS WERE MONOPOLIES AND PER- 
MIHED NO COMPETITION. SO, IN THE 16TH CENTURY, THE CAPITALIST COMPETITIVE SYSTEM 
lEPLACED THE GUILDS. lUT TIMES WERE HARD IN THE 17TH CENTURY AND MANY WOIXEIS 
AND "GENTLEMEN" CAME FROM EUROFE IM SEARCH OF A NEW WOILO. 



LET THE COMMON FOLK 
Pie ANP S\A/eAT. THAT'S 

WHAT eoo sukoe. wem 

for! 



GOLOf 
I FOUND 

IT! we 

ARE 
aich! 



BUT CAFT. JOHN SMITH KN0W9 IT'S A 
dOLQ BRICK 



THAT'S WORTMLESS 
ROCK! Vie ONLY 
BOLD IN VIRGINIA WILL 
COME FROM THE SWEAT 
OF -YOUR BROW AND 

THE HEAWEOPyOUR 

BACK 



WORK? THAT'S 
QENEfiJH A eEfOlE- 
MAW... / WON'T'. 



BUT HB DID.. 
ON HIM.... 



FOR CAprPiN $Mrm held a c>un 



Owf MY HAND'S BLiSTEREDf 
I'LL REPORT you TO EN & LAND 
FOR TUIS, CAFTAIN SMITH ' 



REPORT 
AWAY I » 
THOSE WHO 
OON'T WORK I 
PON-T EAT' 



1^/ 



>fc-A/7LeM£A/ FORCE 
70 JVE \NOKKeR IN 



ALL MEN OF WHATEVER "^-^TWOSf AWE" 
NATION ARE WEUOOhftE HERE. ^—^REAT 
BE THEY PAPISTS OR PROTESrANTS,) WOROS \ 
JEWS OR TURKS ' — -^ RO&ER 

V\/ILLIAMS IS\ 
SAYING. /KRE\ 
THEY NOT 
SAMUEL 
lSAAC'> 



J>' 



[it's &000 TO 

\&EINA PLACE 

WHERE A MAN 

CAN CALL HIS 

WORK HIS own: 



AND HIS SOUL, 

too! the vERy 

AIR SMELLS OF 

LieeRTY! 



HEAR yE! HEAR YE! 
IF THERE BE AMY 
POOR AMONG yE, 
COtnE TO THE COUNCIL 
AND YE SHALL 0B FED! 



DO you HEAR 

THAT, JED ' 
DON'T HB KNOW 
THERE ARE NO 
POOR IN NEW- 
PORT "^ 






I ^\ 



iMtItt WAS KENTT TO It DOHE in £A(lir AMERICA. MOST OF TMt V»OM WAS OOHi 
IT WHITE SLAVES (AllEB •mOENIUREO SEIVAHTS' WHO, UNLIKE THE ILACK SLAVES, 
WEIE lOUNO m fIVE TO TEN YEARS INSTEAD OF FOK LIFE. IT TOOK k LONG TIME 
TO AI0LI5H WHITE INDENTUIIES AND STILL LONGER TO GET RID Of NEGRO SLAVERV 






A LONPON V^HARF IN ie>l*4. 



TWfy SAY A MAN CAN 
N\AK£ A LIVING IN TUB 
NEW V^ORi-P. OAfnAiN. 
0UT HOWLL WC &eT 

-meKB? w£ve no ^aon- 
£y roPAi FOR ouR pas- 
sage'. 



ye DON'T 

*VAV£ TUH 
Y/ORRY. MATEY 

THIS HERE IN- 
DENTURE, AN' 
ITS HEY PER 
AMERICA AN' 
YER FORTUNE ' 



.. 0t/r \NREN TWeV U^NDED IN ViR&lNiA 

ruey founo things oiffERENT.... 

V^HAT '^M I OFFERBO "TWWy \NON' 
FOR This FINE FAtAiLY * \ »BN f \ SENSE, 
SEVEN YEAR INDENTURE J WERE \ MY PEAR. 
eeiNS I WE'RE 
SOLD JUST \fy/HrT£ 
l^ixe THAT \p£c)Pl£\ 
POOR BLACK jne-s 
>\^\ J.^I^A^ Tt^. FELLOV^! / ONLY 



HE WAS yNROH&f IVWTS AHO BLACK YtBKE 
BCTh SLAVB3.... 



FASTER, v£ UAZY 
POGS: TOBACCO 

SPOILS quick; 



<^' 



HEY'. I'M 

NO SLAVE. 

YOU CAN 

BEAT! 



^^^IW 



yes, 

you 

ARE J 
SON 
so ARE 

tve ALL, 

UNTIL. 



ks^/- 



intolbrablB. you must \ fre^. 



UNTIL NATHANIEL BACON CAME ALONG. 



YOUR SUFFERINGS APE\''f^ ^ T /Wf.' I'LL 
' TOlN 

WITH 
EVERy 
MAN 
FOR 
LlBBRryi 



UNITE IF you WISH TO 
0E FPiBE'. 



WORKER I. 

I DON'T 
UNITE WITH 
NO IN0EHT5. 



POESN'I 
THAT 
MEAN 
NEGROES 
^It^ Tt>O,0Eti?l 






ll#l>^- 



WE'VE WON, N\En\ MEBBE 



fROIvt NOW ON. 
AMERICA WILL. 
BE A LAND OF 

FREEDOM AND 

EQUALITY ; 



SO, 

NATHAN- 
/EL. BUT 
I'M A- 
FRAlO 
IT WON'T 
HAPPEN SO 
FAST' 



T^O^^ORKEK WAS RIGHT... FOR WHEN 0ACON\ 
TOOK SICK, THE WHOLE MOVEMENT COLLAP5EP\ 



\'M SORRY, MEN. V WITHOUT 
YOU'LL HAVE TO "^YOU TO 
GO ON WITHOUT ME '. ) LEAP US, 
^ ^ WE'HE 






LOST, YES,] 
FOR THE 
PRESENT. 

. BUTSOMl 

LOST. THE \ DAY, 
GOVERNOR'S \ WHEN Wi 
SOLPlERS I TRULY 
ARE COMING J UNITE 
BACK! yTHIN&S'U 
BE PIf- 
FERENTl 



^i>-^" 

>^# 



il^S* 



00^ 



WHER WE TRIED TO FREE OURSELVES OF ENGLISH RULE, SAMr OF THE COLOHISTS DIWT 
SUPPORT THE REVOLUTION. BUT THE WORKERS BACKED IT ONE HUNDRED PERCENT. THEY 
FOUGHT FOR THEIR INALIENABLE RIGHTS -LIFE, LIBERTY AMD THE PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS 
- AND WHEN THE WAR WAS OVER THEY KEPT ON FIGHTING. IN THAT FIGHT THE WORKERS 
MET WITH MANY OBSTACLES. 



A MSeriNG ROOM INSlOe A 
TAV^N, mS.. 

PeVUDVi MECHANICS 
OP NEW yOKK.' SONS 
OP U BERT)/' BRITISH 
SOLDIERS KILLED AMERI- 
CANS AT LEXINGTON.' 
WHO'S POR FI&HTIH&* 



I'M WITH j 

you* 



\ HURRAH' 



'these 

' GREASV 
FELLOWS 
WILC 
PRA6 
US INTO 
TROU- 
BLE 



SO PULL we 

DOWN AU. 
TfRANN'i' 



we KNOW 
NO BET- 
TERS' GET 
our OF OUR 
WAV 



PORBEAR^ 
THIS VIO- 
LENCe. 
LETyoUR 
BETTERS 
HANDLE 
THIS! 






WALLe^ FOR&B .... Wm^TRICK 

7U'R£ BRAVE SOLDIERS! J VAN 
|w«AT ARE yOUR NAMES', j SIR! 

I USED 
TO BE A 
TAILOR' 



WB COULD 
use SOMB. 
OF PATS 
CLOTHES 
NOW, SIR .* 
I'M HYMAN 
LEVy, PRit 

ANO I'M 
JOE WORKBRl 
PLAIN LABORA 
BR! 



V^HEN THE VJf^R WAS OVER NEW YORK 
HELP AN ELECTION.... 



I WANT TO CAST Y SO Y TWESf Y '5 



MY VOTE FOR 
CLINTON POR 
OOVERNOR' 



DO 

I * 



PEL- THIS 
LOWS \WHAT 
CAN'T I WE 
VOTE, LFOUSHTi 
CLERK !\ A 

ThEy PONT 

OWN ENOUGH 

ASSESSABLE 

PROPERry! 



if^ 



THE FIRST STRIKE IN AMERICA TOOK 
PLACE IN PHILADELPHIA^ !!&(»■ 

outrageous!! who- 
ever HEARD OF SUCH 
WAGES? I'LLPAV IT, 
BUT I'M RUINED* 



WE OE- 
, MANO 



rRIKE OF CARPENTER 



YOU'LL STARVE FIRST! 
you've BEEN USTENIN& 
^sm A BUNCH OF FOREIGN 
AGITATORS' 



r^^^ 









m^m 



EACH MAN IT NIMSeif (OUlO NOT WIN. lUI «t1£N HC COMIINU WITH OIHfct «Olt£U. 
HE WAS STtONC. THIS HAD lEEN OIB lEN FXANKLIN S WISE ADVICE: 'HAN6 IO(ETMEI, 
MEN, or TOUU HANC SEfAMTElY.' SO THEY OICANtZEO TIAOE UNIONS ... THE 
fUST WAS IN fHllADElPHIA IN IMS - THE fEDEIAl SOCIETY Of CO«OWAIN£IS |0I 
SHOEMAKERS). 



JOB i^ 



IHOW OAR£ yOO TKLL MV 
U»M. MEN TO KfSP OUT~ 
I'LL HAVE W lAW OM 

you! 



CMOIMMMG 

WEEP our 



HE Zfl)ML- 

TO WHOM ? 
NOT TO HIS 
FELLOW 



HE'S A 

SCAB.* 



MC OfiMANO )«U ARRSSr 
1HE5E RADICAL AfllTATOttS, 
MR. MAVOK! 



iMAeiNE- 
TWiy>WlAKr 
A RAISE IN , 
V#«6C6.' ir^l 
ACQH5PIR' 
ACKJ 

^ r»s.' 

THAT'S WHAT 
WE'LL OO... 
CMA«Se '6M , 



■"■'K 



YOU'RE ALL UNOEA 
AflRECT. WC 60T WAR. 
RA»<TSf 



ARREST? tAV 
A HAND ON Mf 
AND I'LL •«AT , 

youR 



NO FWHT. 
INC, BILL . 
NOCOURTl 
CAN CON- 
VICT US.' I 



IT 16 A CRIMINAL OFFENSE 
TO OOMMNE to RESULATE TMC 
PRICH OF LABOR. tMIS UNION, 
COMFOSBD OF MEN ONiy A 

LITTLE TIME IN "niis couwmy, 

OU«HT TO SUBMfT TO ITS LAWS, 
AND NOT TRy TO ALTER TW6M .' 



SHALL MERCHANTS 

AND EMPLoyeRs ec 

AULOWEO TO COMBI^ 
TOR RMSINS PRICES, 
AND yET THESE POOR 
MEH BE iNOICrEO FOR 
COMBINING AfiAlNCT 
STARVATIONl 



fNE JUR/ WAS OUrONty TO MINUTES. 
NOTASIHCLE WORKER HAO BEEN AL- 
LOWED ON rr.^ 1 



WHAT IS y&uit 
VEROicr? 



THErLL \ ^^ ^"'P ""^^ 

FREfi I PIFENDANT5 

US... \<3UIUTyOPA 

THEy CANT... J COHSPlRACy 

WW J/ TO RIklSE TMIIR 

WASES; 




HAVE ycxj ANy. 

THINC TO BAy 



I HAVE.' TME NAME OF 
FREEDOM 18 ONiy A 
SHM30W WHEN HONEBT 
WORKERS CAN B6 
TTWATVO AS PEUONS 
POR DEMANDINB A 
IIVINB WABK. yOU'Vft \ 
WON THIS TIME By yELLING 
fOtkilSHiR AT US.' NOa TIME 
IT WON'T WORK. WE'LL STRIKE | 
A«AIN AND AfiAIN... UNTIL T>4E 
JAiUR CAN'T HOLD US ALL! 




tHEH. KEALlZiM THAt IV£N A UNION ALONE )S WEAK, FIFTEEN rHILADElfHiA TkAOES 
JOINED TOGETHER IN 1827 TO FOKM THE MECHANia UNION Of TKAOE ASSOCIATIOHS. 
THE EIRST OF ITS KIND IN THE WORLD, IT ALSO STARTED THE FIRST LAROR PAPER AND 
LAROR PARTY. THE MOVEMENT SPREAD LIRE WILD-FIRE THROUGH THE (OUNTRt - ITS 
PROGRAM: A TEN.HOUR DAY, THE RIGHT TO VOTE WITHOUT PROPERH TEST^, AIOLITION 
OF IMPRISONMENT FOR DEBT. AND FREE EDUUTiOM FOR AIL IN 1834 THE flltSl lANIITE 
WAS ELEaED TO CONGRESS FROM NEW rOML 



I PROPeSE TUAT ALL OUR T VOUVE GOT TH6 
SEfVKRME UNIONS J'OIN \ RI6HT IDEA' US 

ONEBie MECHAMICS* UNION. \aW<EF»'tL JOIN.' 
eEN FRANKLIN SMO: WE 

EI1>IER HANG TOGEIHER NOW M^ auD THE 
OR WEIL HANS €EBM?Mey^5g PRIMIERaiCOf 
LATER.' ^^"^■■ 



'Me NEW MECHANtC5 UNION SIJVHEP A 
tABOft flAPER IN 1628.... 



WUXK//WM(m/f\ SH0CKIN6! 
READ ALL ABOUT JWN^'S 
lABORS PEMAND&V™EWORID 
G0MIN6 to! 



-niERES 
PLENT/ 
HOTSHOT 
INVOUR 
FWSriSSUE, 
ABE.' ESFECIAUy 
-niAT APTICLE 
ABOLir WORKERS 
STICKIN6 TOGETHER 
RE6ARPLE99 OF 
DIFFERENCE *N 
RELIGION OR 
WHArOOUNTRy 
THE/ C«ME FROM.' 



V 



WE FINAUy QOTTHE VOTE.' 
NOW LETS ELECT MEN WHO 
KNOW OUR NEEDS. 5B(D 
Ely MOORE, F^ESIDENTOF 
WUR PRINTERS' UNION, TO 
CON6RESS.' 



Tmr FEL- 
LOW IS 
MAP.' 
DOESHT 
HE KNOW 
ONL/TME 
RICH GO TO 
CONGRESS 



TIMES 
ARE 

CHAN6IN6J 
FRIENP.' 
PIPNT 
you HEAR! 
ANDREW! 
TACKSONl 
SA/THE 

COMMON 1 

HAVE THE 

SAME RieHTSl 

AS THE RICH? 



<B NBcrsTEP wfie TO Fienr FOR free public schoois,' 

JUCATION WAS ONiy B3R THOSE WHO COULO AFFORD 
TO RAX THE CHJLPREN OF THE WORKERS OPT NONe/OTALL,^ 
OR CHARny IN "fWUPER SCHOOLS'* UKETMIS.... 



TAKE THAT.* you NASTy fVUlPBR.' 

DON'T KNOW WHy I BCnWER 
TEACHING POOR BRATS HKE YOii} 

jusrr MAKES you uppish, tmat's 

ALU? 



OW.' AU I 
ASKED WAS TO 
LEARN TO READ 
BEfTER' 



'he fight WAS LONG AND BITTER. BUT.. 
' LARGEty THROUGH THE EFFOf^lS OF LABOR,, 
BV I8SO IT WAS WON THROtt&HOOT THE 



PEMOCRAty IS BASED ON UNIVERSAL EDU- 
CATION, MR. SENATOR. IT MUST BE FREE, 
EQUAL AND NON-SECTARIAN,^ ggCAUSE 

TWEVPE Norl 

PAUPERS.' , 
TVEW»kLTMl 
OFTWESTATEl 

muBt edu- 
cate the 
children . 
,the stwte.' 



WHO'S TO PAy FOR 
TWI5 NONSENSE? 
wny DON'T THEV GO 
TO THE RAUPER 
SCHOOLS'" 



now, recite the 
declarahon of in- 

OEPENPEMCE.'. 



WE HOLD ^SOMEOAX 
THESE TRUTHSX WE'LL 
TO BE SELF- , ^,^ 
EVIDENT, THAT /HAVE 
ALL MEN ARE '^FREE 
CREATED EQUAL jCOLLEGtSj 
TOO' 



^A^^myj 



T« SUKGE Of IA80I WAS IEMfO«A»llY STOrfEO IT TMf PANIC Of WT. WHEN, IN tMt 
IAHY forties, times IEIAME setter, the factory system Also CAME INTO lEINt. 
rOWEt LOOMS IN NEW ENGLAND EMPLOYED 1S00 WORKERS EACH. IN PITTSBURGH IRON 
MILLS STARTED. LYNN lECAME THE CENTER Of THE SHOE INDUSTRY. THE NEEDLE TRADE 
EMPLOYED THOUSANDS IN NEW YORR. AS MODERN BIG BUSINESS" DEVELOPED WITH ITS 
POWER TO EXPLOIT. IHE OLD IRICR Of SETTING WORKER AGAINST WORKER WAS REVIVED. 







{OejOH EMPLOyERS MET TWE IMMieRANTS 
AT TOE BOAT ... g^ 

".AiNTimr ]ip you 

i SMALL J DOH'T 
V^fiSeStf TAKE IT, 
SIB? y-WERESA 
GERMAN 
CROWD 00MIN6 
JNLLGRA8IT/ 






lOOTFlNE JOBSPOR 
yOUtmSHtAOS AND 
LASSIES.^. A WEEK 
fORUSDS! $250 POR 

TUB lABSies; 



STA»nrw6 TODM. VOOR 
^SAURIES ARE OJT TO 
i. A WEEK.' 



,. _STWK6 

, 6/f'ttAAWAy!juffri 

WSICA C 

HuSKymisH.l 

OF COURSE. 
TVEVRE FURRI- 
NER CAT>40LICS; 

e\jr TMEy'LL 

.WORK FOR US.' 






HEAP THAT.'ARE WE Y AIN'T 
eONNA LET A LOTIA I HCTTMING 
«AP«SIS TAKE OUR I LIKE 
JOBS AWAy? LET'S \STiRRlH6 
SEND 'EM BACK WJttRE ) "P HATB 

TMEycAME from: J^^^ 

yfiLPlNS 
ABOUT PW: 



LEI'S GET 
-TME IRISH ID 
JOIN THE 
UNION. WEN 
WrLlALL 
GET BETTER 
FK^ANDHC 



n 

:llNLUCKIiy TMEy WON'T LISTEN TO 3DE WOB»«R~.- 

-: HMNE WORKERS RK3TEO AGAIMST IRISH, PROIES-. 

'■ TAMIS «RIEP our OH C«JMOLlCS... RESULT, ALL 

WDRKBR g LIVED IN SLUMS- 

"W HUSBANDS DYIHG; Mya4ILl?'S^ J|fJ, J*?"®!?^ 
HUNfiRy/ ALL BECAUSE TWE MILLS ) TM«' ^ ^'NO 

PAy STARu^xioN WAGES.' ^ mp^dv 

FOUND PERSECUDON 
AND death: 



m^^-^( 



m 



jNSOtUPULOUS POLITICIANS^ SEEKING SCAPEGOVSJ 
POnmeD WE KNOW-NOWING R*RTy. WITH A PLAT- 1 
FORM OF BlOOTRy AND MATE AGAI NST FORCl6NeW5,| 

CATHOLICS AND JEWS. ^ — .„i V - .i.«.e»-1 

> -— ^^ ISO swear! \ yEAM.'TWEMi 

you SWEAR TO HATE \ AMERICA FORElGNE 

ALL FOREIGNERS, CATMO- \FORAMERI- / -rooK OUR 
Lies. JEWS; TO DRIVE CANS! / jobs. 

THEM a*CK ACROSSTHE 1^ ^^^ AWAVf 



, KILL THE IRISH.' 
J TMEy-RE PLOTTING 
I AGAINST TME GOVERN- 
IMENT' 



DOWN 
WITH 
,TME 
CATHO- 
LICS! 




,> 



IN lOWELl, MASS., THE Mlll-OWNERS USED THE TRKI OF "DIVIDE AND COHOUEI" WHEN 
THE filRlS WHO WORKED IN THEIt MIUS REBEUEI ACAINST THE UNJUST SYHEM OF 
"PATERRAIISM": EVERY ACT OF THE (IRIS WAS (ONTROUED IT SEVERE RULES, AND 
HEAVY FINES WERE LEVIED UNTIL NO WAGES WERE LEFT. UNDER THIS SWEATSHOr SYSTEM. 
OWNERS MADE ENORMOUS PROFITS WHILE WORKEIS WERE NO DIFFERENT FROM SLAVES 



kt FIRST -me Miu. eiQis were all 

■iWWE-tOWl; PHOresnWTS AMD A 
FEW JEWISH. INK OWNERS 1REATCP 
TNEM LIKS INMMES OF A JAIL. 

yt)U MUST NOT JOIM A union/ VOU 6LE^ M 
PUR KOUSESy ATTEND OUR QIURCHES, BW 
FROM COM^tkNy 'stores ONLY.' )DU MUST 0E 
IN 8E0 BY lO AT NISHT.' IF ANY RULS IS BRO' 
KEN, you FAY A FME OF4i. Ef^Oi TIME.' 



THIS SOUNDS UKe 
mAVBtY! 



LAzysuifs! 

IT'S 5-0- 
CLOCK!. 



re's NO MORE 
.THAN FOUR.' 
TXEYRE CHEWriMG 
USA6AIN WITH 
THEIR aOCKS' 




CHEATED TME GIRIS ON THEIR LUNCH TIME/TOO, AND On 
'THEIR n«^y,WHEN PAYDAY CAME AROUND.... 

ESTHER LEV>; YOU'RE FINED *l 
nni DIDN'T ATTEND CHURCH 
LAST SUNDAY. ALICE AD^MS, 
yOU'RS FWED il. you BOUGHT 
CANDr M A PRIVATE STORE 




.mM 



I we piy you ♦2. A wbbk and 

BCMIO. THE WORK IS EASy 
AND >OU DRESS IN 6ILN5 
IanD SOriNS.' >OII SAVE EVERV 
PEHNV >OU make! 



SILM0 AMQ SATINS.' 
I NEVER HAD A SILK 
DRESS IN MY life! 
I'LL 60, MONSIEUR.' 



X^MK 



^ 



you AND yOUR KIND / WH^ 
^•D HAVE WON! V ^IJ"!^ 



J CANADIAN «|R1S fOWtO 

40 txm nnrtMomo, but 

I TNCy MAO NO MONEY TO 60 HOME. AS A RE • 
SULT THE STKWgt WAS BROMOI AND. 

' ■ SERVES >O0 X OON'T T NOW 

TOLD ME lajBtn, YOU \CALL XTHeytL] 
LIES! / DIRTY CATHO- \ NAMES, \ NEVER 
Lie CANUCK.' IF ALICE.' ^ UNITE! 
IT HADN'T SEEN FOR / THAT'S 



pT 



JDE WORKER KNEW THE ANSWER TO] 
THAT ONE.... 

yeu'RC TR&treo like slaves \ dont " 

BECAUSE THE EMPLOYERS OCfT j U5TCN I 
you THINKINS OF yOURSELVeS / TOTHATI 
AS CATHOLICS, PROTESTANTS, \ UNION 
JEWS REMEMBER ONLY TH«r \ A6ITA- 
yOU'RE WORKERS AND YOU'LL } TOR! 
JWIN. EVERY TI MB.... 

LIKE U8...AOAMS, 
.PESSAUp, LEVy.' 



i»i r 



IktW WAS »IW*TS OPfOiW TO JUVIIY. WOKtIS SAW THf (0HH£CTI0N l£TW«ll 
HUMAN SLAVEIY AN! WAGE ilKiltr TNtY SAW TOO THAT THE WHITE MAM CAH MEVEI 
IE FIEE WHIIE THE IIAC« MAN IS A SLAVE. THEY BIDN T fAU fOI THE LINE OF THE 
JIAVEOWHEIS TO lOOl UfON THE NECKO-Olt ANYONE EISE-AS AN INfERIOR." SO THET 
F0U8HT ON THE SIDE Of EIEEDOM-IN •IIEEOIHG • KANSAS. AT THE fOLlS TO ElECT 
AIE IIMEOIN ON EVEIY IIOOOY lATTlEflElD Of THE CIVIL WA» UNTIL THE MNION WON. 




^J^g^JJvP'S *A»<E, "TY IT'S A6AINST 

WHy dHOULO WE? 
NBSROES APB AN IN- 



C)ONT5AyT><AT. Pl£*«e'\ » OUNHO' 
•iSKTMyWUitT-mEV IFVC70 

DRAA660 MV 0«ANO- / 0iACK» 
SSJ/HiMTMA /get FREE, 
»IAVB ^>OU'LUT>KE. 

HIMTH^' 



TH«r* WHAT >OUR EMPlOyER V^iWflS 
>nu TO THINK VO0'«E COMfETINS NOW 5 
5S1 aVSeE WORKER OCT #2. A BAY WHEN 
SLAVE lABOR costs HIS MASISR ONl^ 

ID cirrrs' 



|OE WORKER* AR6UMENT5 CONyiNCEP 
fits FELLOWS, -mey MELPBO RUNAvyAVa ES- 
CAPE ex THE UNOEROROUNO RAILROAD.... 



0LESS you 

BOTH,MA9SASf 



PON'T CALL US MASTERS.' 
you WORK WITH yOUR 
NANPS SAME AS US, 
ANP >OU'R£ EQUAL WITH US- 
OFP TO CANADA NOW....A*<D 
FREEDOM! 



"■fiDlvIoeO AAAlNCr nSELF ^ HUi 
mSo! ^ftCAMHOl ENDURE... HALF SLAVE. 

**^^'''*"* ^ THAT'S THElfuFr 

ABE' iM vcrriNe 

FORJIPU' 



WHEE.' LtM% SURRENDERED/) S^LSH^ 
NOW THE WAR'S OVER' ^— <,^p1gi^ 

OH UHXtL NO 

MAN IS DENIED MIS 
RI3KT5 BECAUSE HE 5 
BLACK OR WHITE. JEW 
OR CM««T/AH, NATIVE 
ORFORBldN-^ORN! 



K.^ -— 










AFTER THE (IVIl WAR INOUSTRT iUV SAflDlT. IT USED THE BRAWN AND IRAIN OF TMf 
IMMIGRANTS-ENGLISH, IRISH, GERMAN, SWEDE, DANE, RUSSIAN, CZECH, POLE, IIALIAM- 
WORKERS OF PROTESTANT, CATHOLIC AND JEWISH FAITHS. AS THE RANKS OF AMERICAN 
lABOR GREW, THE UNIONS GREW . . . UNTIL THE PANIC OF 1873. THEN, IN THE MIDST OF 
UNEMPLOYMENT AND STARVATION, EMPLOYERS CUT WAGES. 'THE MINERS STRUCK. FOR THt 
FIRST TIME BUSINESS USED PINKERTON DETECTIVES TO SMASH A STRIKE. AND. IN 1877. 
THE RAILROAD UNIONS WENT OUT TOO. 



THAT'S rue TWWO 

CUT IN TWO yEAPS, 

MR VANDEP8II.T WE 
CAN-T UVE ON tS 
A WEEK. WHV PONT 

you CUT youF? stock* 

HOLDERS' DiVIDENPe, 
INSTEAD? 



THAT'S FOfteiSM 
AeiTATOR'S TALK. 
WOUtO you TAKE 
TWE BREAD Ol/T OF 
THE MOUTHS OF THE 

WIDOWS AND ORPHANS 

WHO HOLD OUR 
STOCK' 

HA' HA' W€'Ae 

THE WIDOWS 
AND ORPHANS' 



^rtatitces iswe»f th^ cotwrRV. th£ 
^wofisrwAe m pmsBUReH.rna mi- 
LfTiA WAS Q^teo aiST.,. 



SHOOT TXe O/RTV J WE'RE 
FOUBiOHERS! J AMERICANS 
^AME AS you! 
WOULP VOU SHOOT 
YOUd NEIGHBORS 
BECAUSE THEy RE' 
PUSe TO SICARVE "^ 



HE'S 
RIGHT.' 
FELLOWS 
I'M 
NOT 
PiRINS 
ON 
NEI6H- 



WHEN THE LOCAL MILITIA F^EFUSED TO 
KILL STRIKERS, THEV CALLED IN TTROOF5 
FROM £LSEWHE«?E THESE WEREN'T SO 
SQUEAMISH... 



THAT'LL TEACH 
you AGITATORS ' 



I dq DieO AND 29 WERE BADLy WOUNDED 
^py THAT Single volley THE ENRAGED 

PEOPLE CHASED THE MiLlTiA T© THE RAIL 

RCJAD STATION. . 



rney shot down 
My child! 



SOME DAy THE Ml- 
LlTJA v^OU'T BB 
FOOLED By LIES THAT 
EVERy STRIKER iS A 
FOREIGN AGITATOR'. 



-4 



ii> "■^mfm0^ 



WE'VE CRUSHED THE \ BUT WE \ DON'T 
STRIKES, GENTLEMEN ' 7, LOST 1 WORRY ] 
#5,000,000.\ ABOUT 
AND THE PUB* THE 
Lie SYMPATHy / ^ONEyj 

YANDER0ILT.' / ^°"' 
THE 
PUBLIC. 
BE DAMNED' 



WE MUSTN'T BE DISCOUfVSGEO^ SAM. WE'VE 
LEARNED A LESSON... WE MOST HAVE NATIONAL 
ORGANIIATIONS ON A TRADE UNION BASIS Wfi 
CANT FIGHT SEF^RATEtY AND ALONE '. 



i.Z: 









THE STRIKE FAILED. lUT ITS FAI'lUltE WAS AN IMPORTANT LESSON. THE WORKERS FOUNO 
OUT THEY NEEDED A NATIONAL ORGANIZATION. THE KNKNTS OF LABOR TRIED TO FILL 
THE NEED. DRAWING MEMBERS FROM THE REGULAR UNIONS. THE. KNIGHTS NAD 779.i77 
MEMBERS BY IBSi. IT WAS A SECRET SOCIETY, INCLUDING WORKERS OF ALL TRADES, 
RELIGIONS, NATIONALITIES AND RACES. BUT THEIR LEADER. T. V. POWDERLY, WAS MORE 
INTERESTED IN TEMPERANCE AND LAND REFORM THAN IN UNION TACTICS. SO THE 
WORKERS BEGAN TO TURN TO ANOTHER LEADER. . . 




i^HE KNI6HTS Of LABOR SWORE 
^ MEMeERS TD COMPLETE SECKBCV. 
EVEN THE NAME WAS SECRET.... 



OO YOU SWEAR BV 
PPEAD ADELPHON 
K'gyFTON NEVER TO 
REVEAL THE NAME OF 
THIS ORDER, ITS SIGNS, 
MVSTERIES, UNT;l 
PEATH? 



THIS SOUNDS 
SitUV; Birr IF 
IT HELPS 
LABOR...; 

r...> 

DO.' 



kFTER THE INITIATION., 



^^OtyCATS' My OLP 
RAJLROAD union NEVER JQREEK 
HAD NUTWIN' LIKE THIS! /AND 



WHAT'S ADELPHON 
KRYPTON MEAN" 



mm. 



no UNION 

EVER 'LOWED 
IT'S X ME IN BE- 
FORE, 60 
I PUNNO 
WKATTMBy 
DONE; BL/r 
I THINK D£ 
KNIGHTS 

O' LABOR 

6 RAND.' 



MEANS 

sealer 

WOAk! 



SSH.' you T JIM'S RlStfl".' HERE, FOR TWE 
SAID THE I FIRST TIME, WE WORKERS 
SECRET / CAN JOIN A SINGLE UNION- 
NAME.' / PROTESTANT, CATHOLIC, JEW.,. 
WHITE, NE6RO.' IF WE WORK 70- 
6ETHER, WE CAN BE IN A UNION 
Tt56ETHER.' 



LuT POWDERLV WAS A TALKER INSTEAD OF: A 
^DOOi. WHEN WAGES WERE CUT, HE SFOt<B' OFJ 

iTEMPERANCe. WHEN WORKERS WERE LOCKEO 

lour. H2 SPOKE OF CC«<FERENCES, 



>t?tJ SHOULDN'T 'VE 
LOOCeO OUT THE 

K^NieHTS ON youR 

RAILROADS, MR. 
GOULD.' LET'S TALK. 
IT OVER >. 



WAIT'LL 
I REFUSE 7D \ THE 60y5 
DISCUSS My HEAR OF 
BUSINESS (.^ THI5' 

WITH you, 
mr.powderly: 






f 'WM^ 



w ^ 



■iTHE BOyS HEARD AND TViEV 
• SfARTEP A STRIKE THAT SY^£PT 
fWE: COUNTRy. THEV BROUGHT 7AV 

tji.'ULD ro HIS K 



SIGN MERE, MR. 
GOULD, you AGREE 
TD RECOGNIZE THE 
KNIGHTS, TO TAKE US 
B/VSK, TD INCREASE 
W/W3ES/ 



you LICKED 

, ME THIS 
TIME; BLTT, 
JUST WAIT.' 

, IP ONLY 
WE ACTED 
LIKE BROTHERS 
WE WOULDN'T 
HAVE TD 6TRIKE.' 



"tpU HEARD WHAT MR. 
50ULD SAID.' WE DON'T 
INTEND TD WAIT. MAVBfi 
I'D BETTER TRy ANOTHER 
UNION. I'VE HEARD OFA 
SAMUEL OOMPERS! 



mWi 



« 

!^:^' 



7»ArF£LL0W/ 

WMAT'lL HAF. 
P£Ji TD My 
APELPHOH 
KRYPTON ? 






SAIHICl tOMMIS WAS AMEIIUS FUST MEAT lAIOft lEAKI. THIS JEWISH IMMItlAHT 
WAS A FICHTINC 0I6ANIZEI. HE riACEl UHIOHISM ON A FUN lASIS. ME FMHKI THE 
AMEIKAN FEOEHATIOH OF lAMI AHO lEMAIHEO ITS FAESIMHT AS lOHi AS HE UVE». 
• AMEIICA IS MOT MEIELT A HAME." HE SAIO. "IT IS A StMOl; IT IS AN IIEAl; 
THE HOPES OF THE WOIID CAH IE EXFIESSEI IN THE lOEAl . AMEIKA." 



IM uvnr^ y v^fg,MyMtDi \wo. " 

1 SttK MIU I V fve NO WOffX: J PA'S 

1 N. ^^ CI6AR- 

MAKER! 



iiMBS we^B 50 HARP, THE GOMPSFS FAMOf 

's/ULO? FOR AN>efncA. rye civil wait was on. \ 

WIMT^! UNOOLNS T *V»0' PO )^m\ PONT 
ASSA^INATEP' J CKY FOR \SAV THAT.' 

■^ OLQ AK. SAM ? I I'M AN 
VaWRS eNSUSH'. JAMOtlCAN! 

UNCOW! 



}UNS SAM BBSAMt A CiOARMAtmR UH6 HIS 

Tjusr BecAMe ytw'Re^\5am bay iu. form 
1 Mosny iMMisRAtm 5onc \ a qooq. smom union' 

Jm4K£ >»U worn iNFlCTHi 
I HOLES UKB WIS POR 

1 u me MONE^. IF oNiy )W/ 

\hAD A R6AL union; 



]n 1075 eOMPBe. AN BNWW JSV, STM^SgR, 
'A HUNGARIAN. AND LAIMReu. A 5*VQ« .. ALL 
ANI6RICANS.. OROANIxeP a^ARMANtRS' LOCAL 
NO. /VV W£y VTRUCK ANO UtST. OOMRBR'S HMfVtf 
WiPB RSCBIVeO A visnoR.... J, 



Tws QoMPeRS. IF youR nusoanp ) fXrSHiS!*''^'* 

WILLCLOIT TUB UNION. I'LL PAY J ';^J22**OUa>l 
VOU if30. A WEEK ^^ ^**^ **** »»Wp| 

rou w^ -■* -^ mniM HIS UNION'. 



m\ ■ 


lir :: 



s w 



y; 



JN SPim ePSTARYAinON ANP BtACMJtTINB, 
60MPSR9 PeRSlSnP IN IBBI MB PORMBP 
A NAVONAL FBDeRRTION . . . . 



yowRB qurrpNa tne 
KNi^Ris TO 7om us r 

WNV 



I'M riREP OF 



ANOBIBTAIX I 
WANT ACTION* 



cerS CALL OURSBLVBS A WfRB fiSRMMS. 
THE AMBRICAN REPBRATION I «»t**. '*'*", 
OF LABOR - ^ ._^ 

-remwrsAMD 

JWti/»..BUrWtrREALL 
AMBRICANS 



TO THAT IDEAL, COMPERS DEVOTED HIS IIFC. HE FOUCHT FOR UNION RECOGNITION, lETTEl 
WORKING CONDITIONS, HIGHER WAGES AND SHORTER HOURS. THE CARPENTERS WERE THE 
FIRST TO WIN SHORTER HOURS AND THE IREWERY WORKERS, TOO, WHEN UNIONISTS USED 
THE lOrCOTT AS A WEAPON. lY 18*2 THERE WERE 40 NATIONAL UNIONS, A "STRIKE" 
CHEST AND A WELFARE FUND. IMMIGRANT AND NATIVE40RN WORKERS JOINED TO KEEP 
THE UNIONS FREE OF RACIAL AND RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATION. 




l^OMfiOiS WA9 PneSfPWIT AND f!J. McGUlRB 
I ^SBCtXTAK/ OF TUB A.F.L. BUT TUEfiB WAS NO 
MONSy.. 



PUeS ARE SUM' 
tfOOKNO^MMtf 
mis MONTH'. 



TMBfLC PAY PUSS IF 
you TALX 7P THEM, M/?. 
SOfAPi^fS. TRAVBL TUB 
COUMfW. OHSMillE -BM! 



■»m<B'. 



tJNL£SS YOU JplH , „ 

-/OU'LL NS/atbeTANB-HOUR \ SBNSi. US 

DAY. AtCME, youitsucKeOi J BRBweRS 

UNITED, INSlU AU. WIN! V ^ gj, 



i"il 



/' % 



iggKPNgFS' UNiSNHAD A nu6H 

riMe AT FIRST. 9ur neiK frnjow- KiMMiesI 

NEWBD THfiM... 

SMrniWV HOLY 
BBER? \ CJCmf 

viAf's \nHou6itr 

IT TESTED 
■ ' 1 aOTTBNf 

\non-t drihk "«""^'*- 
it: 



HERB'S A GLASS OF 

SMITH'S BEER, em' 



I NBAR A NON-UNION 
BAR0BA SHAYES YOU. 
I PE/WMD NtS NMAE! 



rNeDElMMB 

ASKS Mens 

NAMtOFMY 
BARBER. I WILL 
79U.MM. HE'S 

SAwiELempusil 



WE WANT TV AFFIUATE. T WORKERS ^ 
WE'RE A RtLlSIOUS.., J SHOULD 
^s^ ^ UNITE AS 


^^ 


V^ORKERS, NOT OH 
A BASIS OF RELI- 
GION OR COLOR'. J 




M^^^Vl' 




^^ijl 


^^m 


■n 



iNAT^ 

THE 
STUFF 
I WANT 

TO 
HEAR'. 



HOW PARE YOU 
UNION^ FSOFt£ TELL 

Fou<s\Norm buymy 
6ooos\ 



BONT YOU TELL 
yoUR W0RKBR9 
NOnOJWNOUR 
amOH. OR THEf'LL 



^:m*A 




TYriCAl or THIS DEMOCRATIC KIND OF UNIOH WAS THE AMALGAMATED ASSOCIATION OF 
IRON AND STEEl WORKERS. All RACES AND R£llCIONS EMriOYED IN THE PENNSYLVANIA 
STEEl Mills lANDED TOGETHER. AT FIRST THE CARNEGIE STEEl CO. RECOGNIZED THE 
UNION. lUT IN 1892 A NEW MANAGER CAME IN AND WITH HIM CAME TROUILE. FRICK 
USED THE OLD "DIVIDING" TRICK AND THE ONION WAS CRUSHED. AFTER THE HOMESTEAD 
STRIKE WAS LOST, SO YEARS PASSED BEFORE STEEl WAS UNIONIZED AGAIN. IN THE 
ME/^NTItf THERE WAS THE 12H0UR DAY AND STARVATION WAGES. 



IOME9T€AP IN I99Z WM A UHIOH TWNN WITH 
A UN/OH cottmAcr. 0urvm ecmmcr bcpikep... 



WIS MSM fOSSi, f^ICK, 

» rousH.' ne sMf 

Me'U SMABH OUK UNION! 



IP WB VTANP UNlVeP, 
HE V/om 9B ABl£ 
7D.' 



He/, WHATS WIS 

WASN^T HEUe 7H/5 
MomiNSf 






MR. FHfiaCS \ I SMBU. 
ORP6K9, j TROUBLE. 
SOHUNK! J H0 0H6 
EVER 
CAUBP 
ANTDN A BO- 
HUNK ffEfOltEL 



*f»U0i£ CAMS PAST. f/flCK UXKEP | 

'5t/r me v^om^eRS, amp broubkt m 

pINKBPmHS.... 



PON'T LET fiM lAHP. 

•mefvB Qor smiK£8f(eAt<eKS 

HIPPBN ON BOAKPl 



f^NE Bmte tAsrep ail dm. r&t wbr£ kiueo 
AMD HUNPREPS V^OUNPSP FINAUOf TUB PINKERWHi 
9UIW€ND6Rep... 



Jilfei 



p/RST you CALLBP AHPDN 
A 90HUNK, rHEN >0U K/CLBD 
MM.' /OU&HTTO.. 



•'.f'v,.- 



^V 



=""""S^K 




pmcK CAiWP IN me MfunA. v^im 

'aiOiiNSm if* COHtROL, V4&R LBfiimRS Aff- 

>f^smp, 7WE 9rmKe> wa» fiRoxeN.... 



MURPER"* HOVi 
ABOUT FRICK AND 
PINKEFJt3N? They 
KIU£P WORKEfS! 



O'PONNELL. 

MtaicKje! You'Re 

CMAR&eP WITH 
MURPERf 



W PEMEMBER, iVEGefT 


Y /rs ms 


1 pLBNiy O'BOHUNHS 


\ SAME 


1 AH' POLAKS FORyouR \ OLO | 


1 JOBS. rUfWfpNl^ 


1 STOiry 


1 IH* AN HOUR, FOR 


J SMASH 


Va 12'HOUR PAi.* 


/ TUB UNION 




/ ANP KEEP 


^^iHlkNkL ^■■MMkUn'V''''^ 


ThE WORKERS 


^BI^B^^^^kx 


ptvipeoi 







^yits^ 



THE SAME fUm. THE COAl MINEIS WERE ALSO lADlY EXPIOITEV. TO KEEP 
THEM 0IV40EO, THE MINEOWHEIS PURPOSELY EMPLOYED WORKERS Of 20 DIFFERENT 
iATIONALITIEL NT THIS TIME THE TRICI OION'T W0RK-41L THESE WORKERS UNITED 
UNDER JOHN MITCHELL AND lUILT UP A STRONG UNION. 






\H THB nmmwmk eoH'miDs....m0o 



\cAHr USB you, wolocibc. 

mnP S!HOU$H SLAVS. I WMT 
I pei& on /TALIANS NOWf 



^ME? My \Afwr 

f*^^^ I AROUND I 



WCRK&t^ NOU UOHT PECBIVB 
'fCR eXAMPLE, WHBN A MINER A8HMP 
POK MORE WASeS.. 

Dotrr 
CANT uve ON ) 'me PotAts \usitH 

fzj . A MONTH.' j/ANP HUNKlBB ^ ) 7D HIM, 

9ATISFIEP.' JcemH. 

SAMB1HIH6 

ABOUT you: 



me. sM*€0 



\r/H4(r, NO PAi 7W/5 
MCfflHABAIN? 



youowe\AUfr , 

(J$MCNE/!]0FUS\ 
^ ARB ' 

"WHrrBHORaB^X 
BNVBiopss Tuese 

PAys. we BETTER 
OftOANIZEi 



I'M JOHN MnCHBLl. I'VS 

COMB TO omAwu you 

MlNBRS. youyB. BBBH 
KfClieP AmUNP UDH6 
BNOUen JOIN THB UNION! 






AfR.MfTeMi 

TALKB 

HOKSB 

SBNSB, 

F&JUCmS. 

ANPIDONT] 
MBAH U/HITB 
HORSB! 



\G'wan! oyETumue 

inWLL JOIN UP 
WITH A BUNCH OF 
POLAtCS AH'HUNKIESl 



yOu'RE A COM- 
PANY spy! >t>iJ'j 
•rKfiN& -TO STIR 
UP RACE HATRBP 

eo »V£ WONT FORM 

A UNION'. 



NB DIVIDE AhlO CCNQUtR' TAHtCS FAILED. 
we MINERS STUCK TOGBTHBR ReGAROLE^S OF RACE 

OR RBUSlON.... _—::'-- • ^'^ -' ■■ 



ALL &0CO 

UNION MBH 

TDGSmSR! 



UfOLOOEKl 



O'BRlBNl I LES/yl 



%^aS^ 






EACH OF THESE 6I0UPS IR0D6HT SOMETHINS FtESN AND NEW TO AMERICA; SOME tEAl 
CONTRIBUTION TO OUR IIFE AND CULTURE. All TOCETHER THEY ARE THE AMERICA! 
NATION-TEOPIE 0^ VARIED REIICIONS AND RACES. ADDIN6 THE SPICE Of VARIETY TO 
AMERICAN LIFE. ALL NATIONS ARE COMPOSED OF VARIED GROUPS. THERE IS NO SDCN 
TMINfi AS A -PURE RACE." AMERICA HAS lEEN WEll-REPAID FOR HER HOSPITAUTY IT 
THE CULTURE AND THE LABOR OF PEOPLE LIKE THE SUV-AMERIUNS: POLES. QECHS. 
UKRAINIANS, BULCARS. AND JUGOSLAVS. 



\m Kuotmy among we Slavs, kosciusko 

PPUStfT FOK 0cm AMeXiCA AHP tOLAMO... 



SeNEiML KOSCIUSKO, 
YOU HAV& HBLPeO US WH 

iNoepeNPBMce. what mtu 

You OO NOW 7 



Reruiw 7» «y 

NAViS. fOlAHO 
ANO HBLP HER 
GET FREE! 



«^ 


SUWS OF eUKOPE WA98 OF- ■ 


SEP; MANY FLBP TO AMBMKA... | 


^57»^ you a^MNe£> ^ 


\ tellhm\ 


M'S^ 


SERB! 


ne EMPEROR 


\,F HE 1 


My 


v^Atfns 


you FOR HIS 


/ V^AmSME, 


\ONL/ 


ARM/! 




/ W COfAE 
Tt> AMERICA! . 


h 



^^r-\ 



y^^K. 



taoM eufiopeAN farmer the stAV wrnboI 

'AMBXtCM MINER... 



'COMIA/S TV TUB 

UNION MeartNG , ^„,^,, .^^, . 

.TVNIG^NANOVIC? ^ CmZ£N. TOO. • 



SURE THiHe! AND 
70 MORPO\N I 0EOOMB 



XMEMB MY SCN^ ^MY Bo/s \ MiE 
] ANTON, RiPe THIS lilN MER- J AMERICANS 
\JEEP HE'S IN JAPAN. J UNI / CeRWNty 
SCATTER 
OVER WE 



<. 



Tn a short TIMS. IMMIGRANTS TALhEP 
^LIME THIS... 



YOU FELLOWS SORRY 
YOU CAME HERE ^ 



^\ 



m 



NO,SlRBel WB 

lova pb old 

COUNTTff UK£ A 
MOTHER. . 

04/r \^e uovA 

AMERICA LIKE 
A I^IFB' 



OUA UNION HELPEP WIN WE WAR 0y 

sricKiNS ToeeiuER lbt's win tub peace 

THE SAME WAY UNITE.. ANO WIN' PlVlOE 
ANO l£iSE '. 




lAIOR UNIONS ALSO (AMPAIGNEO FOt lE&UUIION OF (HUB UIOI. IT WAS NAID T* 
MAIE GOOD, STURDY AMEIKAN CITIZENS OUT Of (HIIOIEN WHO NEVEI HAD A (NANCE T» 
STUDY AND PIAY. SO UNIONS FOUGHT TO 6ET THE (HUOItEN OUT OF THE FACTORIES AND 
INTO THE SCHOOLS. IN MANY STATES THEY WERE SUCCESSFUL lUT A NATIONAL LAW 
PROHIIITING CHILD LAIOI IS STILL NEEDED. SUCH A FEDERAL AMENDMENT IS lEINt 
PUSHED lY LAIOR ... TO KEEP FACTORY-STUNTED (IDS FROM lECOUINt THE PREY 
OF RAillE ROUSERS AND HATE-BREEDERS 




4f "^ gtfj *^ <itOK6l*PI, 

ti/ylsh'' lY WHICH HE 



THE M nUX KtAM, « MASKED ORDER OF HATERS, STARTED AFTER THE CIVIl WAR. WITH 
THE AIM OF TERR0RIZIN6 THE NEWLY FREED SLAVES BY FLOGGINGS. TORTURE AND MURDER. 
IT TOOK A LONG TIME TO GET RID OF THIS FIRST XIAN. IN 1915 WILLIAM J. SIMMONS. 
A GEORGIAN, REVIVED THE OLD XKK WITH HIMSELF AS IMPERIAL WIZARD. IT WAS A 
RACKET, WITH »10 INITIATION FEES AND NIGHTGOWNS SOLD AT FANCY PRICES. 
AND HIS GANG CLEANED UP MILLIONS. IT MADE ' MATE ' INTO |l( lUSINESS. 



vrr&i lyS CIVIL WAR, IH 7Vf SOUTH,... 



JGIH THB KLAN AHt> 

^ep -me. Neewes 

IN meiR PLACe' 



VSAH' L&f'S fOAK& 



*H€ KLAM roqb ATNtem:.. 



u/HfiX po ycu \ A/NT you \ 3M</r up 
toAftr'' rv£ ] 0££i^ y£U.- \ Ahd comZ\ 
poNg NOT»inS! J INS PER \ AiOfiG! 






■^.- 



'w \9\s A GBoneiA 0ieoT ^e\/ivep ths 



KiAH 



ujB ain-t ear much 

POUSH. you CAM T STIR 
UP HATE. \NlTHOUT A LCfT 
O- MONEY' 



G/MME A Cut oh 
INITIATION pees 

AN- SELLING POBBS, 
AliP I'LL euARANThE 
you MILUON5 ' 



I'M RUNNIliS FOR 
CON6RESS, SIMONS. 
J WANT KLAN ^UPpO/ZT 



m*^ 



THEN you GOTTA TAXE 
ORDERS . BCAMB EVERY- 
THING ON THE FOR- 

eiGNERS AND TUt LABOR 

UNIONS. 



^HE KLAN ROPE A GAIN 



^MO» THIS euy mm ^ ^'^^ CATHOLIC' 
WE'RE CARRyiNG^ )Sm "J^^'Ss^. ^''^'^i 






^^N /923 ORE0ON, UNDER KCM POMINA- 
7JI TION, PASSED A LA^ FORBiPDING PARO- 
CHIAL SCHOOLS PUT UOUIS MARenAH.,6R6AT 
JEWISH lAYVyER FOUGHT THE. iAUi AND BEKTl 



,/r THIS LAUJ IS "-^iW ^^-^ AGREBS 
UPHELD, ThBN LiBBFTY \UJ'TH MR MAPSHALL\ 
V^ILL PIE IN THIS COuHTRy^ 
AND BIGOTRY yVILL RULE 






tASED OM THE WHIt. THE lOfE AW THE TAHANOfEATHE* TECHNIQUE, THEV ATTACKEB 
THE (ATHOIKS ANO THE JEWS lECAUSE Of TH£I« «EII6I0H AHO THE NEGROES lECAUSE 
or THEI« COIOR. lY THE HINETEEH-THIKTIES THE KKK WAS ATTACKING UHIOHS ALSO, 
•EATING UP ORGAHWEKS AND WORKERS IN THE SOUTHERN TEXTIIE AREAS. AGAIN THE OIB 
DIVIDING TRICK WAS USED. THIS TIME UNDER THE SIOGANS ' fOREIGH AGITATORS" AND 
"AUEM MENACE.- THE UNIOH MEN FOUGHT lACK. 






rue Jf&90»f ytjait mtr >» 

cow AHO YOUR HOUft& 

LOMa It secAux yooKC 

NOT UNIOHI2SD ' 



AHA- AUHIOH 
OKQAMtlER' 
ILL HMB TO 
TELL TUB 
KIAN AfiOOr 

-mis: 



u^'tte Kuinep tfrnie 
umoN Qur oxsANiies 

TUe MILL WOftKfftS^ 

INSrSAD O- PAYIHG US 
PU6S TO MAteE 'fiM 
MATE eACM cmBfi! 






POH-T YiOKK/! 
THE MAMXL 
SrCf HfM 
COLO'. 






LOOK ue/te. 7&M, PONT 
you KNOW imT UNION 

6uy ISA fo/re/SN aSitator. 



ySAH! HS'LL 

SWIH6 YOUR I PON'T 

roe tt A I know! 

COON OKA (HE 

catholic! JseBMiP 
allrisht/} 



i/£ m:CAN COHTIHUBQ its DiRTf ^PRK. 



y^ene WARNING you. 
WISE &uy/GiT Ot/TA 

TOWN AFORE WE STRIHB 
YOU UR we PONT LIKE 
NO FOREIGNERS HERE 



FOREIGNER? /W 
, AN AMERICAN'. 
\yoU MEAN you 
\PONr LIKE 
UNIONS. 







5o you tr/OULPNT LISTEN, HSy? NEXT 
riNlE you \iVONT GET OFF So EASy! 



>^^^^/^l 



JOE UMpNEI^ CAME 0AQ<. 



ME 



NOW you KNOW WHfKT'S 
UF. TNE MAN SOWS HATFBP 
ANIONS you eo you wohT 

FORM A UNION IF yOU SUCK 
TOEBTHBR THEY RE ^NK. 



I NEVER 
TNOUGHT 

\ OF IT 

, TWAT WAY. 

UF'. 



THE OEMACOGUES PEOOIED THE SAME VICIOUS LINE OURINO THE (KEAT DEPRESSION. 
WHIIE THE WORKERS WALKED THE STREETS OR SOLD APPLES ON CORNERS, WHILE RANKS 
CLOSED THEIR DOORS AND MILLIONS WERE ON RELIEF-THE TROUBLE-MAKERS CAME OUT 
Of THEIR HOLES. THE TRICK WAS USED ACAlN. THEY YELLED: "ITS ALL THE FAULT OP 
THE FOREICNERS, THE JEWS, THE NEGROES. THE LAROR UNIONS." HITLER WAS USINft 
THE SAME "SCAPEGOAT ' LINE IN GERMANY. . 



YOU KNOW WHY YOU 
LOSTYOUK DOU6H. 
BUDPf? IT'S 'CAUSE 

-mese pamh eAfiKSRSi^ i ,. ,. , „ 

J&NS. JJ^^^\\ 



HOIP OH TUBRB'. 
I KNOW £V£RyON6 
IN WIS BANK.^. 
TUBY'Re. GENTILES'. 



mmT^^ 



pt£ASB BUY AH \6eTWI5E \ »£ 
AFnB. MY FAMliys J T' YOUR- \ PePOlBSi 
^AKV/N&f ^y SetF, PEL- 1 Appuesx 

lAH, AM' JOlH I y0U 
TWe CM^^I^^ J pBDOLE\ 




'^i^iP-^ 



W?|t^ 



TUB FUKRJNERS TOOK W THAT'S JUST 
Y&Z JOBS. JOIN we I ANOTHER NAfAg 

BLACK LE3IOM AN' RUN A FOK MV KUJK 
EM OUTA HEJiB' ^^^tiftv t<*^'- 






:> ' 



i"^: 






OfMASB PUMF... 



TUAVB HnUER'S 
LINE... USING 

YOU verS'FB IN WIS \ S^^fJ^/j? 
PUMF CCUNTA' THE * ^^^ lhc^,^. 
LABOR UNIOHS: 



'^^^ii^A^ 



Q^ pi 



T«C?/J 



^N WA9HIN6T0H A HEUf FReSlDEHT 
> TOOK OFFICE. LABOR UEADERS MBT 
HIM. 

MR FRESiPBHT^ W&E 
ARE DAN&EROUB TIMES. 
UNLBSB 30MB7UIM6 IS 
PONE, rUERE-LL BB 
f^iaciSM HERE' 



.CTIHG SWIFTV/, TUB FRESlPBHT MADE 
^JDB3 FifR THE HUNGRY. Y^FA, FWA,CCC. ETC. 



WE &eT ENOUGH Tt> 
EAT ANPWBNELF SAVE 
CHILPREH'B UVBS. 



This IS ONE OUTFIT 
WHERE YOU'RE NCT 
ASI^EP WHAT RACE, 
COLOR OR REUSIOH 
You ARE'. 



.<r., ,^Mi 



'> 



WHItt m UKMAR UNIONS WERE KINC CKOSHEO It f»$tl$M. THE AMERICAN VNHMK 
•ERE OlSSOtVING ONDER THE FORH OF •EPRESSIOtt. UIOR «AINS OF YEARS WERE lOST 
-WA6ES NIT lOTTOM AND HARD-WON SAFEGUARDS VANISHED. THEN THE NATIONAL RECOV- 
ERV AH WAS PASSED WITH SECTION 7k WHICH REC06NIZED lARORS FUHDAMENTAl RI6HT 
TO COUEaiVE lARGAINING. UIOR PERKED OP . NNTIl . THE COURTS OECURED 
NRA ONCONSTITUTIONAl. . 



TUe UNION IS 0ROKB, \ HOIN CAM I ? 
JIM.' you NMBNT mp ] / AJNT GOT 
DUBS fOR SIK MONTHS! J A NICKBL POK A 
LCWOFWiEAP'. 






ATLBAST 

COMB TO Meer- 

IN09. WITHOUT 

A UNION we/te 

ALL SUNK '. 



'rw UNIONS fifiymtL&s, scsHes 
uk6 THIS sot^teriMes took 

ptAce... 1^ » 

^ Swan oum \ thatts 

HEY, nifi£ Me \ „e^e. ^ J7^ 

'sreAD o' WAT I MiirEs 6er \ surest 

fOKEieneR' J JOBS FlKSr' J WAi TO 
KUIH us 
ALL'. 



mmimM :, 



5,*^ 



^A 



UNION OFFICE 

wB've 6cr TO po 

SOMeiHiNG' WHEN 
MEN Afte JOBLESS 

wey COOK fOR. 

^CAPBOOAT^f 



I'M Going to 

WASHINGTON ABOUT 
This! 




1 AiU'T NEVER 


\ <V£'/« ^ 


<500D 


BeuONGEQ TO A 


\ BACK > 


\ OLP 


UNION BEPORE 


1 n>ouf? 


74' 


0UT HE fi£ GOES'. 


J OLD 
'STRENGTH' t 


\^i 



mm 



RePREseNT 

THE WORKEKS OF 
YOUR nJWT UNDER 
SECTION lA OF WE 
NPA I INTEMO TO 

OlSCUSE: 



HAVeN'T 

YOU 

HEARD 



THE SUPREME COURT 
TUST PEOAREP NRA 
UNCONSTITUTIONAL ! 



WE BETTER Get 
BACK 70 

washington 
again! 









AGAIN THINGS LOOKED OAIK fOI lAIOK. COMPANY UNIONS SPRANfi UP EVEKYWNEIE. 
WOmtEIIS WHO WANTED lEAl UNIONS WEIE FIRED AND WAGES KEPT OKOPPING. lUT 
SENATOR lOIERT WAGNER Of NEW YORK, TOGETHER WITH lAIOR LEADERS. PUSHED 
THROUGH CONGRESS IN 19JS THE WAGNER lAIOR RELATIONS -ACT. A NATIONAL LAIOt 
RELATIONS lOARD WAS SET UP TO ENFORCE THE LAW. THE NLRA GAVE WORKERS THE 
RIGHT TO IAR6AIN COLLECTIVELY WITH EMPLOYERS THROUGH UNIONS OF. THEIR OWN 
CHOICE WITHOUT FEAR OF lEING FIRED. THIS WAS A 116 STEP FORWARD. 




*«OTHE« FORWARD STEP WAS SOCIAl SECURITV. IT OSEO TO K A TERRfBlE THING FOR 
A WORKER TO GROW OLO-AFTER A IIFETIME OF HARD WORK HE WOOIO IE THROWN ON 
THE SCRAP HEAP. SO LABOR ONIONS WORKED FOR OLD AGE PENSIONS. ABIY ASSISTED BY 
ABRAHAM EPSTEIN, ISAAC M. RUBINOW AND PAUL H. DOUGLAS. AS A RESULT OF THEIR 
COMBINED EFFORTS, THE SOCIAl SECURITY AO WAS PASSED IN 1935. IT PROVIDED A SMALL 
MONTHLY INCOME TO WORKERS OVER 45. WITH THIS STEP GAINED, LABOR GOES ON TO 
FIGHT FOR STIIL GREATER SECURITY 




UP TO THIS TIME MOST UNIONS WSII SET «f ON » ClAfT lASIS. WOMEIS III Ml 
«EA? MASS-I' OOUCTIOM FACTOIIES IK THE STEEl. AUTO, CHEUICAl AMO SlimU 
jNOUSTliES VeVe NOT MEMIEKS OF ANY UNION. lUT lAIOI KNEW THE SCOIE MOW AN! 
StO oS IE ON * OMPIETE FACTOKY" lASIS, WITHOUT RICAllO TO OIFFEMHCES 
" mF? lACE «ll«ION 01 £0101. AT THIS fEllOO THE tONGIESS OF INOUSTIIAl 
OIIGANIZATION (CIOI WAS EJTAUISHEO TO MEET THE SITUATION. 



/>. 






0Rf(^^ 



MEANWHIIE AH ENEMY OF lABOK WAS 6miW6 ST80H6ER W EUROPE. HITIE8 *ENT MCX 
TO THE OlD -DIVrOE AKD RUIE" TRICK AND BSEO IT TO RUIN A WHOLE CONTINENT. FIRST 
« AnACICEO THE JEWS, THEN THE CATHOLICS. NEXT HE TURNED AGAINST LABOR- 
WIPING OUT THE UNIONS ANO ENSLAVING THE CERUAH PEOPLL SOME POWER-KONGRY 
PEOPLE HERE IN AMERICA TRIED TO FOLLOW HIS VICIOUS EXAMPIL 



THESE AMEHICAM FASCISTS TOOK lESSONS FIOM HITLE« IK THE TECHNIQUE Of SMEADIM6 
lACIAl AMD KEIIGIOUS HATE. 6ETTIHS PEOHE TO HATE AND DISTRUST EACH OTHEI IS 
THE n«T STEf TOWAIO DESTI0TIN6 OEMOCKACY. VAIIOUS FASCIST fiROUfS STIIIED Uf 
HATRED lETWEEN 6ENTIIE AND JEW, NESRO AND WHITE, NATIVE AND FOREIGN lORN 
AMERICANS THE SECOND STEP 1$ TO DESTROY ORGANIZED LAIOR lECAUSE FASCISM AND 
lAIOR UNIONS DOHT MIX. IMATSWHAT IHESt HITIEI-IMITATORS ARE TRYING TO 00 
NOW IN AMERICA. 



0^^^ 




Ke 0CACK L&sicN oar ns stafx 
iH perao/T, 193 f... 



MAOe. THAT FOKei&NOi. 

5TBAD OF you, Tim 
NO*/ IP yCU BBLOHSBO 
70 we 0LAae LBOION. 



M 



BUT Oft- 
OMStOf HAP 
MO/X EXPEF- 

' lence 7H4V 
JIfA' 




ytotf TAU< Utee A \ YEAM, THAT'S 
eODDAM ReO! J FIBHT' AIN'T 
I AH AMEfilCAH 
ANA^PTIST"* 
UJHAT'5 ORlAN$K<* 



A 



°M TOiNBD TUB Black lSSioh 



yuH S€£ HOUJ u>e 
7AH£ C^fie. Of OUR 

mt£ IN m' BLACK 
LBStOH. TIM'> 



Af/ Sep, you KlUtBD ORLMSKV' 
/.... / TUOUGKTyou WEfie JUST 
G01N& TO SCARE HIM ' 



TH&RB'S A FBH£R T / HATS \ / CAMT 
IN TOWN VKym&TUH \ UNIONS, \ ivJPH'T'] 
ORSAHIZe A UNION \ UJOKSE'N 

THE LESION'S PlOtEP ] NlSSBRS! 
YOU 70 KILL. HIM ' 



--. u* 



W\UM, 



CiMhB OUTAj TP-yiNSTo T cer'3 

HBfk* t'l^- 1 f^TONUS, I PUMP HIM 
AHHH*' M.H&y> I >N A PITCH' 



^HEN lATER. 



TUB BLACK lBQIOH 
KiUJEP 7/M BECAUSE 
HE u/OUiONT QO THE 
uiHOCE HOS' 



THE PlftST, JDS 

OUR uhionS got 

IS TO CLEAN UP 
IVOSe MURPSRERSl 




-"n^W 






^iS^-i^ iL 



,;!;w 



« TYflCAl BATE «ROOP 1$ "THE CHRISTIAN AMERICAMS.* THESE ARE THEIR AIMS: (1) TO 
ESTAIIISH 6ENTIIE WHHE SUPREMACY, (2) TO (RUSH lAIOR UNIONS. IN 1?4J THEY TRIED 
TO MJSH THR0U6H ANTI-UNION SO-CALLED "RIGHT TO WORK ' LAWS IN EVERY STATE. WHEN 
THE WAR BOOMED INDUSTRY AND LAIOR WAS SCARCE, EXPLOITERS WERE WILLING ENOUGH 
TO EMPLOY WORKERS REGARDLESS OF COLOR OR RELIGION. RUT 'THE CHRISTIAN AMERI- 
CANS" OlDHT WANT THE WORKERS TO JOIN UNIONS. AS A RESULT. THERE WAS A ILOODV 
RIOT IH BEAUMONT, TEXAS, DURING THE "WAR FOR FREEDOM." 



f£XAS DURIMG M?itLty WAfZ M 



iT's 9u/eLL: 

UJHIT65, QBNTIUBS 
ANPJBUI9... ALL 
t»»on<INS 7V6£WE/! 
FOK 7»B UfAK efPOftr 

UJHAT9 MOFB. Tue/'im 

UNION MBMgBRS 



WeKE'S A GAN6 

CHmffTIAH AMSfllCANS' 
mHO POHT UKB IT' 



fN esAUMotrr tbcas, junb /9vv... 

1/5 CMRieriAH Y euT THByM] mR\ 
ANiefilCANS've \£?0lNe r-^ORNc\ 
eOTTA Move FAST, \ WAR \ IVAK, 
THEtA NieSeRS \m>KK ! ) SOTTA 

AN- FORBISNBffS-/^ l^ V puT'EM 
TVO UPPITY. WHY, mfwTHeiR 

wey evErt JOIN fmK piacb' 

UNIONS' .«=«■—. 




,ji ria 



r- 


^IS I^AS MEANT 0/ "PUTTIHG 'EM iNTHEiR PLACE. !* 


F THAT'LL l£AM YOU '^ 

TO JOIN A UNION. YOU 
VffiACK... . 


J fiUHN '£M ALL, OUT... AN' 
[jHe SHIPS, TOO' ■ 


c 







PASS THIS PILL, ^ LEAVe. IT TO ME ^ 
SENATOR, ANP U/E \ 9uN.' IT'S AS 
PCN'T HAVE TO iMO/tpy \ Goop AS 
NO MOffE ABOUT THE I SAncsen i 
PAMN UNIONS I 



1^ 



*Ne ARKANSAS LBGISLATURB, 
I9M3.... 



THIS Bill IS VICIOUS f 

IT AIMS TO DESTROY LABOR 
UNIONS UNDER A FRSWHSe 
OF "THE RIGHT TO HJORK' 
ANP YOU, SIR^ ARE RESPONSIBLE ' 
HITLEK YJOULP BE GLAP TO USE 

xpu IN HIS PAa<er! 



UNION OFFICE.... 

ORGANIZED LABOR MUBT 
FIGHT This PHONY "RISHT TV 

tuork' bill mth all its 
power; 



yeS'.ANPMAXG 
EVERY WORKER 
AWARE OF THE 
TIE-UP BBJWEEH 
RACIAL AHO RE- 
LISIOUS PREJU- 
PICE ANP UNION- 
BUSTING! 






UIOI fATIIOTICAUr STAYEI ON THE iOI All THI0U6H THE WAR. fURNINt OUT THE 
FIGHTINC TOOIS AHO SCAlINt NEW PRODUCTION HEIGHTS. THE UNIONS PLEDGED NO STRIKES 
FOR THE DURATION, DEMANDING ONLY THAT THE GOVERNMENT HOLD PRICES DOWN AND 
GHARI AGAINST INFLATION. IN MOST INDUSTRIES LAIOR AND MANAGEMENT JOINED TO 
SPEED UP THE FLOW OF MATERIAL TO OUR ROYS OVERSEAS, THUS SHORTENING THE WAR 
RY MANY MONTHS. AMERKANS OF All RACES AND REIIGIONS, WORKING SHOULDER TO 
SHOOIDER. PRODUCED THE GOODS . 



fill^ 




t l^'^f- 






SKT 0ACK ON 
ryg JOB, FBLLOWS. 

TNgycL fie 

/VWet IN A 






LABOH K44/V7S TO UCK 

fiASaSM. 90 po you. 
Mir. J0NB9. Ler'9 wom. 
Ttf^BTUBJt n> Brsep up 

MK>PUCriOH' 



I OfPOStO \ FIM 

r^K UNION \'miNQ\ 
iNMy0u- \topo\ 

9/Mt99, / /» tT?| 
5W..../'M \$tT 
AA/AMKICAKAUP 

I'M Mm you'. J A 

<COM' 

Mirme'A 






tiertH TO wt9, mbh! T vms i^hat 
tAtr MOHm cutf m>' coofegAVOh 
PUCTIOH fUMpeo J6 / poe^' 






UJHATCHA U/AffT TUH 
MOUK 'LON6BIPB O' 
fOlAKB AH' NI66BR6 

/t/t? mny poN'rcHA 

fur UP A BBV ABOUT 
IT J 



WATS HlTLBtt. 
muc; IP we/ CAM 

rietfT ToatntBM 

C^tABMS, -me/ CAN 

ti/OUK Tt>esr)iiR HWS. 
ATHOMB' 



■^^i'\ 



uHAfB some 



7UI9 »UY 

wAtnep Mt \ *vw«<, 

7D BLOW POM*. 

I ear A BOY IN I ruB 

TUB AIM FCmCBf / UNlOH'LL 
TAKB 



CP HIM'. 



TMS AKMrs 9usr " 


THAirB SBCAUBB ^ 


AtVAMPBD USAN§ 


U/B ALL INOKKBP 


pOK EXCBUMHCB 


7VSBTHBP LABCflS 


IN PROPUCTION. 


9HO¥VN Hin£JZ HfS 


tvB-m AHBAP Of , 


DGAD WRONS* H/B 


SCNBPUtMl y 


PONT WOtWf ABOUT 


_^^^ 


tfACB OR nueioN 


■■kS^ 


^ubrb; ^ 






m'0 



•atv^. 



mk^m^ 



J> 



AMERICAMS-OF All RACES AND REIICIONS- ALSO DELIVERED THE COODS. THE MEN WHO 
SAIl THE SHIPS HAVE ALWAYS HAD A TOUGH JOB BUT HEVER $0 HARD OR DANCEROUS AS 
DURING WORLD WAR II. FROM SUEZ TO MURMANSK, FROM AUSTRALIA TO IWO JIMA, THE 
MERCHANT SEAMEN WERE ATTACKED BY AlRPlANE, SUBMARINE, AND HURRICANE WHILE 
THOUSANDS OF THEM PERISHED IN WATERY GRAVES, OTHERS WENT ON TO BRING THR0U6K 
THE NEEDED CARGOES. ALL UNION MEN -BLACK AND WHITE, PROTESTANT. JEW MD. 
CATHOLIC -UNITED TO FIGHT FOR A BETTER WORLD . . 



UfHO'lL $/6N UP FOR \ 5/3N'. \700! ) tVfi'/fg 

-me FRBiGtmn, AB£ xnams'S V/HiRmQ 



YouyB ear ^ 

TAttB 'BM! fiSAP 
YbUft UNION CONTRfiCr. 

rrsAy9."THeFB shall 

0B NO PieatlMINATIOH 
BECAUSE OF FACE, 
C/fEEP, CCU>F. OK 
NATIONAL OKIGINl'^. 



'jStH 



S A fteSULT, SHIPS (XeUJS BECAME TRUU/ At/lERlCAH\ 

' AND wey woFHEPAND FousFT Tosene^... 



yVi/ SmACMSP HIM 
SQUAFE,60U;smN: 



tV£ LETS NO NAZI 
SUBS KEJEP PIS BOAT 
PFOM SnriN' THROU6M! 



'M 



\nE OF we Mee(MANr MARINES' 
^3FEATBSr HEROeS WAS HENKT l£n 
A TEM- ON P-PAY.... 



tvELL ALL BE , 
SI^ASNBP LElTMASl 
BBTTER SHEER OFF! 



7He/CL PROWN 
IF MlE LEAVE '€M. 
ME£P ALON65lDe.\ 

ecys! 



m^- 



'^:.^,,^<l0^m 



iAPT. ^lt6M MULtAC, A ffE&RO, Wf 

^€RSui OF m m-noNAunes, co^ 

WS FAMOUS BOOKER V- k/ASHiN&mii ,.. 



lA/E SOT THROUGH 
BEFORE. ANP ^EXL 
eETWFOUGHA&Ailif 
THE 8a>^ IN FI^ANCe. 
NEED TVESE SHEUS' 



we SOT A LOT O' 
AMMUNITION ABOAftp, 
CAPN. IF'N A TOR- 
PEPO HUTS US... 



' PA/ V/CULP HAVE BSEN' IMK>SSlBi£ tVlTH' 
'our WB MERCHANT MAfUNE"- N-Y TIMES 
TUNS lO, /9VV.,. 



v^ERB ON FIRS' 
UIHATZL *V£ PO^ 



t<eeP HEAPING FOR 
THB BEAOI I THIS tS 
O...PAy'-'' 



'liim 






^-m 



A mt WORLD fOR AU, WITHOUT MEJUOKE AND HATE. IT TOOK TWO GREAT WARS AND 
THE ATOMIC BOMB TO PROVE THAT IT S REALIY ONE WORIO. ECONOMICAUY AND POIITI. 
CAUY ALL NATIONS ARE LINKED. WHATEVER TAKES PLACE IN CHINA, SPAIN OR IRAN H^S 
AN IMMEDIATE EFFECT ON AMERICANS; ANO ESPECIALLY ON AMERICAN WORKERS. WORKING 
PEOPLE ALL OVER THE WORLD HAVE COMMON NEEDS. THEY MUST JOIN TOGETHER IN A 
WORLDWIDE FIGHT FOR DECENT IIVINC AND WORKING STANDARDS. 



,>. 



T CET &uyS LIKE, 7»lS fOOL yOU... 



AFOOT CONDiriOH5 
IN euROPe OK EL^S' 

wnene ? ur '£m 
s;»v /A/ meiR c\NN 

;rUlCe'. AMERICA FIRST: 



He SAtD THE. 
$AM£ THIN^ 
BEFORE THE 
LAST WA?, MP 
COOK V^AT 
HAPPESEP 1 



^£T'$ see i^MAT pip HAfpen'. ttus 

^ ITAU UNDER MSSSLiNI.... 



^^^ 



ITS I>^0KK...\ FASTERl 
WORK... FOP. \ K/£ MUST \ 

A Piece OF J uNPOi- 
BRSAPf y sett- 

THOSE 

fiMEJilCAN 

PIGS'. 






AHO pABieS \ UNIONS ? 
pOti'T HAVe I c>PP TV 
'm/ husband SAt IN \to ^ORK.'. J TAIL 
AMERICA ThEY HAVB L ^ WITH VOU 

UNIOti<5'. ^^fcli^ 3<m ' 






mi 



A RESULT, HeRB IN AMBRlCA TUB PS.- 

\pRessiOH GariMORse.. 



OWIN& TO FOREIGN 
CCMPBTITION, VOUR 
U/A6ES ARE cur AN- 
CmiER lO% 



BLAME youR-\ 
PIRTY \.S^r 7IM. 
FPReiGNE^^^fj^ 

ANP 
MUSSO BUST 
THEIR^ LABOR 

UNIONS you 

PIPNT <S/Vfi 
AHOOfl 



tUS PROPOSe A V^ORLP \ UliTH THE 
CHARTO^ TO APPL/ TO J RlGHT TO FREE, 
ALumTlONS. -^ PEMOCRATIC 

UNIONS! 



)TH peceNT UVIN6 coNpmoNS eveRy. 

1 WHERE TUeR&'P BB CJ7Ti6 CHANCE OF 
yOTH£R WAR.. 



AMERICA IS Rich 

ANP 9TVP/P! LET'S 
GRAB HER it^e^UH' 






IVHAT for"? 

lue GOT 

ENOUGH 
NO^' 



M % 



AMERICANS 
5TUPIP ? 
I MET 
THEIR 
UNION 

pelegates 
ata meeting\ 

THEiRe 
MI3NTY HiCe 

eeujowst 




AMEKICAN WOIXEXS A6IEED TO NOLB THE IINE W WA(U »|»(INt THE «AI ON TNE 
PIOMISE THAT PKKES WOUIO ALSO IE NEK DOWN THE UTTU STEEl FOIMULA FI02E 
WAGES AND UlOt STUCK TO ITS lAIKAIN. lUT THE COST OF IIVINS WENT UP IN SPITE OF 
PIOMISES NOW THAT THE WAX IS OVEI, PIKES AIE SOAIINC ANO HACK MAIKETS 
PREVAIL lAIOI MUST (ONTINUE THE FIGHT AGAINST INFLATION. lUI A FEW CONSIESSMEN 
CAN Kill IILIS THAT LABOI WANTS SENATE lUlES AUOW lEACTIONAlY SENATOIS 10 
FIUIUSTEI AGAINST PX06IESSIVE lEGISlATION 



fftiew cBADEliS MET THE WAR lABOR 
BOAHP IN JULY. f*>V2.... 



THIS crrrLB srUL fokmula allov/s 

ADJUSTED WASB iNOfEABES UFTO /S%^ 

04/r NO t^one. WILL LABOR agreb to 

TUfS' 

mess MUST 0£ lil 



»m p*i 



,.^tw^ 



XuT PRICES e^RoeuBmo.. 

-- ZLBS.O'CHOF \ DOUBLE \ HHWU. 
MEA(r. 7Wr-6 ^/SO, ) THE OiP \ PIP MINE. 

My mis- \ itHOH 

BAMP'S WA3ES ) HOW 
\piPltT GO UP! J WE'RE 
eoiNB 

roavEl 



^v, r^ 



^ iixr^m 



}lfSN THE WAR ENPBD.... 



tA9PR'9 PA9IN6 MCKE 
POR S¥SA)^tN3 IT ffUyS. 
TV etrAUDN&.OUR WASES 

Musreo UP. TOO' 



lAlE PLEPSED 

NOT TO smiKe 

PURING THE 
WAR. THE WAR'S 
OVER NOW' 



IP LABOR IS SUARAHTEBD \lLlZs 
FULL PAIR eMPtCyMEMT, ^'"^^"^ 

THERE'LL ee NO OSPRESSIOH 






PSRITY. 



/ ASREE 
iiMSEP9uCH 
A PILL IT'S 
UP TO CON- 
NOW' 






AN'M ASAtRSr iAPAR T U/NT 30? BECAU^ 
UNIOH9. me/ ARE UH- \ THEY WAHT A 
AMERICAN, ANPJSSTA ] (JYING WA6E? 
BUNCH OF FOREISN J THETRB AS 

RADICALS' V Af^ER/CAN AS WE 



fM6 Fi6irrmoM. ArstscnoH time.. 




MAN FRIBHOS, 

AH ASK FOH I PIPNT ^U 
RE'EUtCTIOH '>>.CALL OS A 
ON N\AH RECORP„. > fUNCH O' 

FOReieNERS: 



■iirt'iHlii 



ANPUSHSP 
\ A PILL TO 
OUriAW STRUCSSJ 

%ABOR 

HAS 

LEARNED 

HOW TO 

VOTE 









IN THE OlD Mrs A FIIIIUSTEI M£AMT A PIIATE WNO HUNOEREI ^EOflE. TMAT THE 
FIIIIUSTEK WEAIS A FIOCI (OAT AN» SITS IN TNE SENATE - DENY INC PEOPLE TNEIR 
KIGHTS lY TAIIING IIUS TO BEATN. IIIM ANN COMPANY USE THIS DEVICE; ESPECIAUV 
ON BILLS THAT GUARANTEE EQUAL RIGHTS, REGARDLESS OF RACE, RELIGION OR COLOR. 
SO FAR FILIBUSTER HAS LICKED THE ANTILYNCHINC lUl. THE FAIR EMPLOYMENT PRAC- 
TICES BILL AND THE ANTI-POLL TAX BILL 



JOB 




Ine ottioiNAc fHjeusrSR.^. catmh mpoi\ 



mPtAm.HO'.Hofrms 
we life* 



^ AI4P SO, Gef*n£Metl, 1 ^ Ht9 X 


rMAT'9 


Ref&a-... 0tAH... ffuot..) 9een > 


\IVHAr 




\hB'9 


^^S^Ai ij[y :/5 7D peAW... 


\poiilO 


Hlll^T^MmL fffi^ ^'^^ CAtnAtH 


l-fflf' 


^■■■r^"^XliM KJOO. THE out 


^>SfiiJtA 


^^m4 ^.>J^^ F/U9USTBK'. 


TlMOl 



M—fi 



(A/BeOTTA UCtC THI9 
HI06AH ■ LOSING tAW' 
IMAetNE WeM CWA 
YANKS TF/IN' ID SfVlL 
OUAH FUN' 



fOU'fKB RI0HT, iS&A- 
VOft »ULU1£AP!»ar 
HOW ? MB AM'T <SCT 

eNou6H yoj^'. 



leoT IT' cBT'S ^ 


^ A SPCBHOIP lOeAl^ 


FIUPUSTBF.: ufe'LC 


\ I'LL 


FBAIf My \ 


rAUC... ANP TALK... 


I OCP 


SpEECHeS' 


ANP TALK UNTIL 


J THAT'LL KJLL 'BfA ' 


we cnneffs ^^ A 


i^r 




^if^ep! ^^^^ 


Hfa 




IIbm^mI^^H 


bHBI 




l^^P| 


E* 


jlyS 


IC^flajy^^lH' 


'^nT 




Hn^y^MipQi^;^ y^A^ 


'^^^ % 




^ "a 1 v^Hr^"''M \ 


? \ 1 > 




|J#^^WC/^C 


IfWi 








A/VP 90, 


PAY AFTER PAY, Nl6Hr AFTBp. \ 


f^f^iem-.. 


UNTIL.. 






AHLL READ NO\N 


T WHAT... T 


THI9 0IU, 


WHAT AH ONCE SAIP 


1 ABAm? \ 


IS TAtcjNG 


ATA PlHNAH TO TUB 


] rvE 1 


UP TOO 


GOVERNOft 




/ HEARP ^ 


\MUCH 




^^ 


TMAT SpeECt4 


\TiM& 


^^^^^ ^ 


^^^^A 


A P02eN TIMES* ] k/ELL. 


^^^^Bfl 


^^^^^ 


^ 


J HAve 


^^^^U 


^^^^1 


^B^" 


WTaplB. 


WIKtm 


H^l 


WUfk. 


it! 



A RESULT, THIS STILL QOES OH. 

THEy L/NCHEP 7UAT POOR. peujOM ffgCAUSE 
HE J-OINEP A union' A6 LONG AS TUSSe THINGS 
HAPPEN, WE HAVE HO Ff^EPOM HERE' 



t'l^iL 






HOST «M«lt«tS W*N1 WISE »fU$ W MSS. THE IDEA OF THE rOU-T« 1$ TO HEP 
WOKXERS, ESPECIALLY NEGROES, FROM VOTING. IN POLL-TAX STATES LESS THAN 25% OF 
THE PEOPLE (AN VOTE. THAT'S V^HY WORKERS HAVE A T(niGH TIME IN THOSE STATES. 
THAT'S THE TEST FOR DEMOCRACY: HAS EVERY CITIZEN -RICH, POOR. ILACK, WHITE. 
CHRISTIAN, JEW -THE RIGHT TO VOTE? 



hSf APTBR TUB AME/ilOW fiBfOLt/nON... 



/p you nA\fe NO 

you CAN'T VOTE' 



Tooau5Y \ STfLL 
MAlON6m$ \ NOT 
COONTRy 

FRee' 



THEM OAMN 


^ LET'S \ 


sujea: 


SHARECROFPBFS'PB. 


A CHARGB > 


.TVAJ 


^QUAUIKJH'.WB-U. 


1 TWOBUCKS 


> LETS 


BE UCKED NBfr 


J FEU ru' 


7»E 


eiecrioH' ^ 


y RIGHT TVH 


NIB- 




VOTE WEY 


GEfii 




AiNT 6ar-^o 


/OUT, 




BUCKS' ^ 

mm 


roo> 



-liH 



\HB POLL TAX U/AS CUMULATiVB.TNAT MEANSA 



HEK.SUH' IT 
TOOK ME A CCM6 
TIME T RAISE WIS 

MONET' KIN I vara 
now'' 



NOT ON yOUR 

uFB' you 

OWE BACK 
TAXeS .l£T 
ME SEE ^ 



TVEN r/^ 
SUNK. TOO' 



poN'T CANS WHAT ^ fFwe HAP we 



UiA&ES TMEy n^Y UP 
NOP7N. you TAKE WHAT 
I BivE you. OR El^... 



Vai^, ue WOULPN'T 
PARE... 



\on6R£SS has TKieP Tt> FA9S A 
'CAUI A6AINST THE fOOL TA*^ 0UT . 

US FOCL-TMBRS KIN 
UCIC ANY BILL YOU PUT UP' 

u>E ear bull voices ANf^i&iny 

LONG WINO! 



He &ILL ccuLP ee 

U.HICH MBAH5 -TV C/ 
PETITION.... 



SEP 0y CLOTURi 

pEeATE By 



Oh, wB T you'P 

IF YOU'LL Sign 7W/S A CANT RATHEf 

CiOWRE UIE CAN STOP ) STOP \STOP 
TUB FILIBUSTER'. ^ SENAWRS \dE- 

FROM TAU<ING'\M0' 
TUATWOULDN-T l-C/eflCT 

. .,j^ -. -— BE courrrms^.f 





m\m. ''^'' . r":^ '»^'>9il^ifi^^HI 




WIS^^BI^^^^^^ 




■■i^-<^^'Jf^-^jQ)^J||^{iJJ^B^^^^H 




Ei jfr^^l^H^^^^H 


HH-f^ 


^^I^J^ • '~ , jji(r^^^°'''°**11 ^^^^^^^1 


1^^^ 






^k^hBMI|^^H 




^p^v%'^H 




H^^^l 




QgllB 



CVERT CITIZEN HAS ALSO THE (IGHt TO A JOI. lUT EMPLOYMENT AOS STIU t£AD. 
"WHITE ANGLO-SAXON PROTESTANTS ONLY". IN 1941 PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT CREATED THE 
FAIR EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES COMMITTEE (FEPQ TO STOP DISCRIMINATION IN DEFENSE 
WORK. EVERYONE WAS NEEDED TO WIN THE WAR. BUT THE WAR IS OVER AND FEPC ENDS 
UNLESS A NEW LAW IS PASSED DY CONGRESS. WHILE THE FEDERAL FEPC IS BEING BLOCKED 
BY A SMALL GROUP OF LABOR-HATING SENATORS, MEW YORK STATE WENT AHEAD AND 
PASSED THE FIRST STATE FEPC 




Tmm!! KEUy... CATHOUCi COHEN... JBUISHi 
JOHNSON... NBBHO. AH! SMITH. .. WMTB 
PRfffESTAHr! y^XTfte HIKEP, 9Mm. IHB^ 

nesroFyoucM&o! -^ 






IF AMSfiieA IS TO 50RVIVB UJB ._-^_^ 
EvBtt/ AM&HCAN OH-mETOB. THISOROe^ 
U/ICC SnoP PlSCRIMINATIOt4 BeCAUSE OF 
HACe OtEBD COUMl O/t NATIONAL ORlSlH! 



S 



LABOR BACKS yOuTOTHB 

HILT, MR mestpEKr! 



W 1 






[ifC HELPEP H^H THE U/AR.. 



6ES! I NEVER KHEMf 

yoa FSLuDuiB ue/te. 

SUCH SiOELL eUYSf 
wens A &REAr TEAIA 



YOU'RE LEAMeO 
A LESSON. SNUTM* 
I HOFE WE'LUALLS 
HEMBMPER fT M€N\ 
PEACE OOMeS, TtC ' 



somefboplE pope 

..„r„^n. CHAVEZ iHTROPOCei 
■^apj^ANEm- FEPC... 



tHope route HELP \ rtA \ uhat' pass 

ME mS^ THIS BILL. FOR \ THIS NlSGAH- 
AMERICA MUST «S ] ITt'l LOWN' COM- 
TRULf PEMOCfiATlC fS^ ^ MUNIST 0liL'^\ 
nc FILIBUSTER 
IT fV PEATH > 




\ 



MmND BILBO.. ANOOtHERS LIKE ■ 




^^HIM... PIP... 




^H MVnless labor Fiems harp, this mill. 

|H ^m HAPPE/t A6AIN... 


f I'M (SONNA TALK. TILL 

Kingdom come tvh 


Hoiv ABcur 

THE FELLOWS 


^^g^ HM' MEuy. CATHOUC. ^ .6 ru,^ "^ 


LICK THIS BILL LET 


WHO Vieo IN 


^B^S COMEN... TEUISH,3bHHSON \ uJHAT 1 EOT 


THBSB F£UjOUJ& &0 


FRANCE ANP 


^^E - HEGRO AH' JONES \ WOUNPEC? 


BAC^ WHERE THEY 


/ otaNAy>/A-> 


^^W lOHfTE PROTESTANT' YOU'RE [ FOR ^ ^ 


^camE from' ^y 


t^HERE. CAN TUer 


^^n uiaen tones y^i crmeiefi W?i,^^^JB 


H^Qp^^-vt jSiin^^^ 


eo-* ^ 


^^E^ CAMEO' JiJ^^^^^^k 



f :i m 






OVR FIGHTING Sit ARE HOME ACAIN. THET HAS HEARO LOOSE tAlK AIOUT STRIKES, ll« 
WA6ES, MI6M llVWfi. A fEW FEU FOR THE HATE IIHE OF FAKE ••»ETERAHS- CROUPS 
WHO USED THE DIVIOIM«( IRKK AS A MEANS TO SMASH lAIOR. lUT MOST SOLDIERS REFUSE 
TO FALL FOR THIS -THEY HAVE THE FACTS. THET KNOW THAT LESS THAN 1/10 OF 1% 
OF TIME WAS LOST lY STRIKES, THAT THE AVERAGE WAGE WAS ONLY 70« AH HOUR, THAT 
THE UNIONS PROTECTED THEIR RIGHTS WHILE THEY WERE AWAY 



W\ 



, Y U/A9NT M 0AP Afi 9CMt OmE/Z 
TOHAPPeH.... 



AMBM SPtNUU ' \ AMgfilCAN. \ t/6 
U/HATS yOUK. \ OFCOUflSE' ) tOAMtS 

PiOYMf^rxB)/. tLilf^fc.* J 6AAHPFArH^\ 



\ i/r NSM VOdK LABOH UNIONS, SOCIAL 
\aHP MllGlOUe ^fiOUPS OCT BUS/... 



CABOft UMONS fiAy/O^ 
me N&'QUINN 0ILL' 



so DO 

ALL 
SCMOOC 



ANO 
THE. 
\0«JKMBS, 

too' 






r \- 



> mm mfmnfm''" - 



•marKe tsluHS you 

HOVJ VO KUH yOUK 

0us/Ne6S' If ytou't-i- 
&/ve Me so^t£ MON^y, 

I'LL fix 'EM* 






IP fijmiBF. se£ 

HOV^ IT WOftKS 0(/r 
FiftST' 



\9r U/OKKBP our FINB^ 



BOTH R^ £M 



PLoy&ts. 



y^ KNoy^. TOB.. /vw &BrTm& much 
fierreft HBLF^iNce i pont a»k m^hat 
AAce cue nu&oH T»Ey fieuoNe to ' 



j*iy1il 



W 



you/fe A SMNP &uy ^ 


\ ThATi PeCAUH 


SFINBLLI SOS 


\ you /QHCHf, 


^a^nsm ano »roy/n 


j weM NO\^ 


UJHAT A POFB 1 USeO j 


1 you NBVBR. 


loae' _^ 


&A\fe. -BM A 


ill ^lillM 


cmNce ae- 


■iiiPiA 


Fofte' . 


mmm 





THE ives-auiNN Bill. 

t» MOST SUCCESSFUL 
I'M M6COMMe/4PINe A 
54MILA/t 01 LL <V MASS 



ANP I T THATS FINE, 
IN UJIS- \ BUT WB STia^ 
CCN9IN' j NBBPA f*A- 
riOML F€fe. ' 






l^fl 



KHOWINC THE F*0$ IS HALF THE BAniE WOH. THAT'S WHY LABOR HAS ALWAYS ST»E$SE6 
THE IMPORTANCE OF LEARNING. FREE, UNIVERSAL EDUCATION IS THE PATH TO REAL 
DEMOCRACY. ONLY PEOPLE WITH A SOUND KNOWLEDGE OF THE WORLD THEY LIVE IN, PLUS 
STRAIGHT THINKING, CAN TELL A RABBLE-ROUSER FROM A PATRIOT, A FAKE FROM A FACT, 
A PREJUDICE FROM THE TRUTH. THOSE STATES WITH THE WORST BIGOTS AND HATE- 
MONGERS HAVE THE FEWEST SCHOOLS AND LOWEST EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS. 




rsirr Iff smTBe uith peceur schools.. . . | 


V ^^'^t ftE-6t£cr \ Hocp on! > 


.Ci/HAT'e 


M6 TO CONGRESS... J PIPNT yoU 


\YoUf^ 




\ STAND 


KflA'l^S^ Wi^^fK^WTE^t^ THb f-^FC LAST i 


^ ON TUB 


9iii^i^BfhK<H>.^^4i^HL. ^PSSION 7 / 


POLL 


^^M^MK^t^^^^ 


n^? 



eOUCATlON. 



NO CHU4?, NO VILIAGB, 
5HOULP ae UilTHOUT A 
FAOpep SCHOOL. W£ 

eo\^MMeNr must seb 
TO tr. 




WITH Buses, 

HCfT LUNCHEQ 
ANP GOOP 
TEACHEFSi 



OMB T^CHEFS GST LESS THAN 
\*600. A yGAR... 



^(^BOR RUNi 



ttfNV PONT 

YOU TEACHEPS 

Of^OANlze A UNION? 

yoU'FE FAIP WOFSe 

THAN eWANP 0O/5». 



WAT'S 
A FINe 
tPEA! 



W saeMce SNotue 

THEFE ARE NO MASTER 
FACES! FACES OF COLOF 
HAVE NOTUING TO PO MTH 
INTULlQENCa; 



THAT'S right! 
FEOFLE ARE 
ABOUT THE 
SAME EVEFy- 
UlHEFEi 



4 

L 
A 

B 

R 







JUST «S EDUCATION tS FAKT Of THE UNIONS' EICNT, SO IS THE (ENEKAl WELFAXE OF 
WOKKEXS. HEALTH, HAPPINESS AND (ULTUKE AKE IMPOXTANT. THAT'S WHY MOKE AND MOKE 
UNIONS HAVE MEDICAl AND OENTAl CLINICS, VACATION CAMPS, LECTUItE SEXIES, OltAMATiC, 
MUSICAL AND SPOKTS PII06RAMS. THE OLD KOMAN SLOGAN THAT "A HEALTHT MIND M A 
HEALTHY BODY MAKES A GOOD CITIZEN" IS STILL TKUE TODAY. 



LABCfi HEALTH CUNIC. 



THEAE BESMS TO 
pe, A SLIGHT SftfT 
&N youfi LUNGS, 

you 70 THB UNIOH 
&AmTOI?IUM FOg A 
F6U) U^EEJO' FEST' 



CA0Ofi. SUMMER CAMF.... 

/SN'T THIS GEOfiGEOU^'^ \ ALL AT A 
ANP THE FOOP.... yc/MM' J f^lCE U^ 
CAh AFFOKD.i 



\MlOH BR:>RtS pfi OG^AM....\ 

COME OH, >^ T rne/eoTL&iO 'H 

METALWOfiAi£/<s' \ T^EJfK FAHIB' ffUT 



J 7" ALL MAKES FOR HEALTH/ f>EOFLS! 
__l »ur fOOLFOOM SHAKKS ANP CORNEfZ 



30AU 



U/A7CH ruase Kufit 
wowERs jounce f 






AH, L£'S ^ yeAH' 

po T-NKSHf / UJifiPB^ in ) 13 A 

WCATHLIC jSyHASO^i^] 
CHOICH! y pc^f^ jn(: 






,A0OR ALSO KUNS SUMMER SCHOOLS.] 



YOU AFE HERB 7t> ^ MY UNION 
SrUPy Hi^K>K/ TVDAi/ \ pAlP My 
NO ONE CAH AFFORD \ TUITION' 

TO BE IGNORAHT A0OUT 
The. REST OF TNE 
U^RlDI 



IT'S NOT CJflC/i^r 

TO F/c/cerfjj, fi 






KiHfmx 

ID 

waoRi 



»J» 



^ # 



AND A 6000 (ITUEM DESERVES A GOOD HOUSE TO IIVE IN. OXOANUED lANR MAS AiWAVS 
F0UGH1 FOK lETTER AND MOKE AOEOUATE HOUSING. IT DEMANDS GOVERNMENT AID TO GET 
KID OF DISEASE-BREEDING SLUMS WHERE ■/, Of THE NATION IS FORCED TO LIVE. IT 
VIGOROUSLY OPPOSES SEGREGATION AND RACIAL RESTRICTIVE RULES. UNDER DEMOCRACY. 
EVERY AMERICAN HAS THE RIGHT TO LIVE WHEREVER HE CHOOSES. TODAY THE HOUSING 
PROBLEM IS WORSE THAN EVER. MILLIONS OF NEW HOUSES ARE NEEDED AND FEDERAL AID 
IS ESSENTIAL 






\v&/ 0eK¥ie we uwt nue hap 

euiMS UkB THIS.... 

Yuny DO >t?u Live m \ kaint \ sipes. 
, wie Ficmy pump? ^afpoup \ fouc 

THefiB ARE NICB HOUSES ) TO. JTHBfie 
ACfiC&e IHB TT^CKSf y PONT J WOH'T 

^MAKB \ueru9! 

BHOU&H' 



IHILB OH THE OTUeR &PB OfWC 

' ANomeR wine, mr. jonbs. tf you wur 

HBRS, you POHTT HAV& TO kVO^Ry A»ur\ 
YOUR NBIOHBORS. WB Seu. ONLf TO 
U/HITB f>RffTB9rAMS MflH FROPBR SOOAL I 



ir aw 



\a/Hy £?eN'T /OU ^\ I MAKB X THBN 
fiOIC0 WWSR' miC£ ) MORS \ TUB. 
Pl^ A MOmi? \H6Re.'9 you^\uJHeRe'RB^ Houses WORKBRB J MONSf \eCN6RH' 
SSe, R>MOL£S UJ6RB J OOUSH. ILL ] tHB ■ CAN AfFORP ^ON WBS6 I MBNT'LL 

CH&'^FeR I ^ mii£ trf JcHia<aNs ■[ ^/^ &(ReN&i>i6. j hav6 td 

OOIN&, TO ^■■MHH/^iK (^NS.s> J^ Qo irf 



1^1 









L/r THE PepegALGovBRNHlBNT 
^ MO\/eS SOOi^, AHO.... 



/ A6RBB THE ▼ YOU MEAN 

StWATiON IS VER/ \.HO NB&ROES I 
BAD! PUT WERE AK€ \)RReU6lOUS\ 
CERTAIN PEOFCE UJHO \ MINORrnGS 
WART... £k... RESTRIcrBP }n££P Al>PL/?j 








wm 




m^^ 




i^iu 


fTIn 


1 ^v 






VIEN LABORS eoiNG TO FUT 
ViE HEAT ON OONQRESS! 
THIS 19 A OOVERNMERT OF 
ALL, NOT JUST A F&l 0l6ffrS! 






> Ai ^trnk 




HERE IS LABOR'S PROGRAM FOR THE POST-WAR WORIO; 

<-fUU EMPLOYMENT FOR EVERYBODY. 4-A 30-HOUR WORKINC WEEK. FOR ADE- 

2-FULl PRODUCTION TO FEED. (lOTHE OUATE LEISURE. 

AND HOUSE ALL PEOPLE PROPERLY. S-AN END TO RACIAL AND RELICIOUS 

S-WAGES THAT 6IVE REAL PURCHASIN6 " NATES AND PREJUDICES. 

POWER. t-A DEMOCRATIC WAY OF LIFE. 

NOT AN EASY PLAN TO CARRY OUT, BUT ORGANIZED LABOR SAYS IT CAN BE -DONE IF 
AMERICAN WORKERS DON'T FALL FOR THE OLD DIVIDING TRICK AND PULL TOGETHER. 



rn/e IS A umON 
9HOP. MSH. AMP 
iiM/te ACL Ml/Rep* 



rHAT9 yuuAi we 
itfAttr TO 9ee 
roe POR evs«y 



U?OK AT SM 00> X PceffTY fOA. AMEKlCA 
MEAT, BREAD. COAL. ) AM? etOUffM fOR 
cUM»eR. RAPtOS> J TVS STARVING OV6R- 
SBAe l*ie PIP 'T 
Pea MfAR NOW nf£'R£ 
PO/H& /T POK 
PBACe 



■^ 



m<^ 



M^ >^ 



fe/iC PURCHA^NQ ROyJBR 



f^/TTBRHOUSe. fMAf/i 



UNfON 
LABOR MAPI 
CAN AFFORD\ TVe »75- 
57-£4X NOM \ ,ON 72> 

oecesr fw. ]rarp 

^J MP PRiceS ARE J POR THATl 



TBcc ^£ ANorneR 
^roR/ PAppy' 



ONce \ 9INCB T»a 
UPON * \lJftlPN <aOr 

riME meRt \ a 9hortbr 

u/BRB THRBB 1 WORKIHQ 



B6ARS 



L Bi 



1 V^^i 



Ei^W 



Tif/ie POR 



luT TO &er ruBse 



THINGS 



WHITE CHRl&riAHS 
Iff Ol/ft UNIOM> 



■%P-^^^^' 



THAT &uys A erooLiEX 

NOT A ntue UNION 

MAN NEs myiNG 
TV eusT us upyi/iTu 

TALK LIKE TUAT' 



HIS 19 ruE REAL AMERICA 



rp&ejueR 



iPRINK. 

foeejhER' 



RAL 
TtiOeTHER 





A 



THAI KIND Of UNITY MUST WOKK ON AN INTElNAt lONAl SCAlE TOO lAIOK KNOMt (HE 
TEMIKE COST Of WAI-lHE DIEAO lESUllS OF FASCISM ANO HAIE. 10 SAFEtUAXO 
ITSELF ANO ITS (HIIOIIEN lAIOIt 60ES All OUT FOK WOUO 0rt6ANI2ATI0N . . FOI THE 
UNITED NATIONS. THE UN IS TOUNC IT NEEDS UIOI S UNDEItSIANOIN& ANO SUrPOII. 
TAIK FOX ITi VOTE FOI iTi FIGHT FOR IT' DON T LET KAIIIE lOUSEtS AND PHONY 
ISOIATIONISTS FOOl YOUl PEACE WITHIN PEACE WITHOUT . . AND lAIOIt S FUTUIE 

IS SECURE. 




,ci you CBT THIS HAfrCN A6A/M^ 

ci/e oonr ^^r^^ To* ^ ^^ 

I ut(£ CATHOLICS • } JHn/b ' } /^aMOei') '^R- 



I oOnBA Oi cATEP. iT l£AO& 7t> 



M\^'' " 






Ufie'S HOW TO STVP IT »€fOKB IT STA/TTS. 



(j,eT ocrr OF hbre^ you 

0cA9Tei> 0R£BC>£K& OF 
HATE' you fiOC?L£l> OS 
ffe^OAB. OUT LABO^ (■' 
»e£ t IT you OonT 

POOL us A&A/S' 




\ UfPO/tr THB UNITEP NATONS 

w- "^fiAM ' My COcif/TKy \ Tye \ iAffOfi' 
M//<.t TAtce I^MAT IT YfllTBP \0fiCf(*> 
neeOS 0/ FORCE. ^MO \f^iOH^ \ UN 

u^icc^oeus^ y-- )^^ 

rou ' J hilT ' 



J^ 



&UL^AhlA /5 

pejisecoTiNe 

/iAClAL ANC^ 

R6U&ICUS 

MiNOftlTieS 



56V£^ 'J UN 
FOuCB UNIT TO 
0ULVANIA AT 

ONca' avetrr 

HUMAN BBINO 
HAS A Rl6*fr 7D 

FfteeppM A HP 

eQuAtlT/' 



\n£ u/C>f?LC> Of: The FUTURE 



ONE FOR ^CU 

ALL POfi ONE ' 

UNlTEJ? NATIONS' jmK ^ 



.r"; 



^V\^ 



^im 



3 0112 077849898 



37 



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