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Full text of "John Salter, mariner [electronic resource]"

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JOHN SALTER 



MARINER 



BY 

WIII.IAM ril'.lUTS SALTKR 

MCMBRII OV TMK PX'I'KHKCt.L rAMILV ASMJCIMION, TIIK S<X lETV OF COLONIAL \VAK>i 
THK SOKS or THB KKVOLVTION, AND THE NAVAL ORUBK 

nr rtir unitid statrs 



Ctrtum volo f^t^ fiiuni 



rni I. Ah Kir II i a 

JOHN UK. II LANDS 

16 Norih Klevcnth St. 

M CM. 



C^7/ 



Edition Limited to T'wo Hundred Copies 



DORNAN, PRINTER 
PHILADELPHIA 



ILLUSTRATIONS 



PEPPERRELL House Fro>Hisf>wce 



LIEUT.-GEN. Sir WII.I.IAM PEPPERRELL hMme. ?o 



Hon. John frost, commandinp H.B.M. Frigate £ia-jr J " 36 



Mary Pepperrell-Frost-Colman-Prescott " js 



M'^lJirjfm 



.101 1\ SALTKli. MAKlNKi;, 



Tin: Lomlon (irtiphir s;iy-; : " Tlio wirliest n-conl of llio 
Siiltors ( 'oiiipaiiy U a thnil ilat<'«l tho sc'vcnti'i'iitli year i)f 
Kiclinnl II. (13!>4), ^rantinj; Hwn.HO to the ('Dinpany <>f 
Saltors to Im' a ijuiM or fraternity in Imnor of 'tin- I^wly 
of our I^>nl Jesus Christ in the Chiireh of All Saints, 
oommoniy callwl AllhaUows, Broad Street.' 

" AI>out half a eentnry hit«'r Thomas Heaiitnond, an 
eminent eiti/en, h'ft the t>«)ni|iany their first hall, and 
ap|>ointe<l hy his will cvrtain religious serviees to he |H'r- 
forme<I hy the priest, hrethren, and sisters of the ^nild. 
8onje years later an attempt was made to prove that the 
rclij^ions ^uild an»l the Salters ( 'ompany were two distinct 
corporations, and that Heaumond intcnde<l to heqneath 
the pro|>erty to the D'liijions ImmIv exflii>ivrlv ; hnt it was 
<lt^•ide^^ hy law that the ' Kili^ions (Inild an<l the Salters 
Com|>any were identical.' 

"On the fi-tti^t of the patron s:iint the l>roth«r> and 
BWten* of the <-onipany met, and, aftir varions religions 
•erviiv*, high nuuw, pntconHionM, etc., dine<l to^*ther in the 
ooni[ittny's Imll. In some of th»' ••ompjinies it wa.s the 
rule that evcrk' hn»ther ithould hrin^' his wife or ' a 
maiilen * to tho foaal — not to sit in a ^llerv, a-s in now 
tlie fitnliion, and look down n|M)n their lords and nnisters 
fewlin^; Iwlow, hnt t'» sit at th«' tnhh* and to take jKirt in 
the feast. 

"There were some vcrj* sin^dar ceremonie?* olj«er\*ctl 



b JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

by the guilds and companies. The Salters Company, for 
instance, were enjoined by the will of Thomas Salter to 
go annually to the Church of St. Magnus for the purpose 
of keeping an obit, and there they performed the quaint 
ceremony of knocking upon the grave, and each person 
saying : ' How do you do. Brother Salter ? ' This prac- 
tice was only discontinued early in the present century." 

The Parliamentary Commission to investigate the guilds 
of London, over seventy in number, report the Salters 
Company and the shipwrights as founded in 1380. During 
the reign of James I. the Salters Company owned in 
Ulster, Ireland, 10,900 acres. These lands were originally 
owned by the O'Neills, and were confiscated during the 
reign of Elizabeth and James I. Under the Ashbourne 
act nearly the whole of the county of Londonderry was 
transferred by the guilds of London to the tenants, the 
Salters Company holding 250,000 acres. 

J. E. Still well, M.D., says the Salter family may 
justly lay claim to considerable antiquity. In the reign 
of Henry VI., temp. 1423, there lived one William 
Salter, who was possessed of good estate and whose 
ancestors had resided at and were the lords for over two 
hundred years of a manor called Bokenhamis, in Eng- 
land. Walter Salter lived in the time of Richard III., 
temp. 1482. At the upper end of the south aisle in the 
church of Tottengen, in the county of Norfolk, there is 
erected to himself and lady a tablet with the following 
inscription : 

" Orate pro animabus 
Walter Salter et Alice uxoris ejus 
Et pro quibus tenentus." 

" Pray for" the souls of Walter Salter and Alice his wife and for 
the souls of all that belong to them." 



JOHN S A 1- 1 K K , M A K 1 N h U . 7 

In 1')'2 4 Ilt'iirv SalUT was one of the .•>lu'rilTs ()f X(ti- 
wieh. In 1G05 John Salter was mayor of Norwich. In 
1GG3 tlie charter wa.s renewed hy CharU's II., and John 
Salter wiws one of the twenty-four aldfrinen who were 
a|)pointpd. He tiled Xoveinher 20, lljGO, a^cd seventy- 
seven years, and was luiried in the f'hureh of St. 
An«lrew. 

Hridijet, wife of Mathew Salter, died ])r<<'inl)er M, 
1G7(), aj;iKl forty-two years. She was internd in the 
Church of St. Ethelre«l, and from her tonil) is copied the 
following (juaint epitaj)!) : 

" Tho tlead yet dear 
Tho dead yet dear to me 
Dead is her body 
Dear her momorie." 



It is dttiihtless from some of the foregoing persons that 
theSjiIters in this coimtry are descended. If Mrs. Bridget 
was, as is positively jisserted, the mother of twenty-two 
children, it was no wonder that some of them wanted to 
leave. In Kn;;land at tlic present time the name, though 
not common, is still considerahly met with in certain 
Im-alitics, esjM'cially in the vicinity of Norfolk. 

In .Vmeriai there are stn'enil ilintinct fannlie> of the 
name, wlwne arrival dates hack to the latter part of the 
seventeenth century. 

The ilejHMMiclantsof .lojm Salter, who settled at Odiorne'H 
Point, N. If., and Kichard Salter, the «'arly settler in 
Monmouth County, New Jers<«y, have Ihimi tin- most 
prominent iti |H>i(it of nmnhers, as well jis the most con- 
spicuous in HK'ial an<l politind life. 

A family of the name ri'siding in North Carolina 



8 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

during the Revolution contributed a commissary to the 
army and two members to the Provincial Congress. 
Another residing in New York City during the post- 
revolutionary period was engaged in mercantile pursuits, 
and I have been written that in 1878, while the Rev. 
William Salter, D.D., of Burlington, Iowa, was travelling 
in Colorado, he met the Rev. Charles C. Salter, who stated 
that his grandfather came to this country in 1794 from 
Tiverton, Devonshire. 

Sampson Salter was admitted a freeman March 20, 
1638, at Newport, R. I. 

The first Salter enrolled as a freeman under the charter 
of the Massachusetts Bay Colony was Will Salter, May 
25, 1636. He was born in 1607, was well educated, 
kept the prison, and was witness to many wills now on 
record in Boston. In those good old times the pious 
men of Boston captured Indians, sold them as slaves to 
the planters in the West Indies, and hung Mrs. Hibbins 
for being a witch. Will Salter witnessed her will. He 
died August 10, 1675, and was buried in the King's 
Chapel yard. ]\Iary Salter, his widow, was made execu- 
trix. In his will he mentions his son John, '■'■ who has gone 
away, but if he returns he shall have five acres of land." 

John Salter and Henry Salter were enrolled as soldiers 
in King Philip's war, and on October 9, 1720, Rev. 
Thomas Foxcraft, of Boston, married Jolin Salter, aged 
eighty years, to Abigail Durrant, so he must have re- 
turned for his five acres. 

On January 30, 1598, at Aston Clinton, County Berks, 
England, Mary, daughter of Henry and Alice Baldwin, 
was married to Richard Salter. 

In 1622 Alice Baldwin left forty shillings each to her 
seven grandchildren, and ten pounds to " my daughter. 



J O us S A I. IKK, M A K I N K K . U 

Mary Salti-r. " Ilcr executors were Ivirhanl Salter and 
Hiehanl li.iMuin. The latter, when he died, in will 
(hitetl l\l)riiary IS, Ki.'Vi, left \\\< sister, Mary Salter, ton 
pounds, and the >ain(' ti» each of her four chililnii — 
Marv, John, Sarah, and l>avid. 

David Salter, in his will, April 11. li'.tl'.t, made his 
widow, Sarah Salter, sole legatee, I iit no trace of John 
Salter can he fonnd in the English records, and it is (juite 
possihle that with the money received hy the will date<l 
in \^\'.\'2 he came to New Kngland. His age is fixed l»y 
the fact that his father, Ivichard Salter, was married 
thirty- four years previons. 

The gn'ut plague of l^ondon came in l<i(J4. Twenty- 
five |>er cent, of the population died and emigration was 
.«;topjM>d. 



\\ ar-danci> were regularh" held cverv si-ason, hut kiss- 
ing and ki.s.sing gjimes were nnkniwii and unheard of in 
New IIamp>hire until Martin I'ring, in June, 1<!(>.'{, 
jwiiled ten miles up the Piscatatjua in tlu' ship Speedwell, 
fifty tons, and hark Discoverer, twentv-six tons, carry- 
ing forty-tiiree meu. He did not see anv Indian girls, 
if his log-|><M>k can be trn.xtcd, l»ut Samuel de ( hamjtlain 
luiuled July 15, 1605, at Odiorne's Point, the Plymouth 
K'M^k of New Hampshire, and f«>und sjivagcs of all kinds. 
They drew for him a map of the adjacent e(»asts. 

After Champhiin <-ame Captain .lohn Smith, in IHI 4, 
who ehri.Hteiied the n»uiitry '* New Kngland," rcferre<l 
to by an old Knglish |MM't, (Jeorge Wither : 

" In that iiiilt* gariifii y<»u N»'w Kn^lunrl Htyle."' 

Caplnin Smith found a large Indian |M)pidation on 
Ijoth nhoiVH of the IMMiitaqua, but n'ganllejw of the 



10 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

savages the first emigrants pitched their teuts and com- 
menced fishing. 

John Odiorne settled at Odiorne's Point, in 1623, and 
gave it the name it has borne to this day. 

The tradition handed down to the Portsmouth Salters 
is that John Salter, the first of that name in New Eng- 
land, came from the west of England, near Exeter, to the 
Isles of Shoals, and later settled at Odiorne's Point. 
John Salter probably brought his wife with him, as 
maidens" were scarce in the colonies at that period, 

Samuel Hinckes writes, July 19, 1724 : ^' The 14 
instant went hence volenters from Piscatt after Indian 
pirets as also Sundryes and one Capt Salter from the 
Sholes & 4 met at green Tslands, said Salter (since Part- 
ing from his consorts who arrived here to Day) informs 
me he meet with the Indian Privateer a sconer once of 
marblehead full of Indians Extraordinary well fitted who 
Chased them 3 hours & she Takes all she Can come vp 
with, so that the fishermen dont go East of this Place or 
scarce to sea." 

In July, 1729, Captain John Salter and Thomas Man- 
nery appeared before the Royal Council relative to a cruise 
" after ye Eastern Indians." 

The latter testified : " Ye Indian Scooner first discovered 
under ye Eastermost Green Island to ye Westward of 
Manpomecus last Fryday between 3 and 4 o'clock p.m. 
and that Capt John Salter was then abt a league and a 
•half distant to ye Eastwd and to windward withall, and 
yt ye deponent tackd his vessel to speak wth his con- 
sort Salter and came up wth him and spoke wth him in 
less than half an hour, and then told that under yonder 
Green Island were the Enemy they came to seek for, and 
asked him if he Avould go and see him ; to which Capt 



J O 11 N S A L T K K , M A K I N I : K . II 

SaltiT rt'plyil he would; ami upon s<l Salter's so sayiti}; ye 
Dt'poiiciit shot aloiiix alu'ad of hiiu toward ye Indn scooncr, 
and Salter followd on," 

In I72S .John Salter's name appears anion^^ the tax- 
payers in New Castle, and in \7'.\\ he asked the(ieneral 
Assemldy to he sit olT to Rye. ( )diorne's I'oint is still 
in live. 

Deeeinher 1, ITl.'l, ainon<: the list of men who ixtr- 
rowed 4;l*o, ()(>(> the name of .John Salter appears for L]'!-"). 
John Frost reeeived f25 an<l Jotham Odiorne, Jr., I'JOO. 

Jatniary '), 174S, John Salter and William Frost si^'n 
a protest a;;alnst an elt ctioii retnrn. 

W'li.i. <ii' Joii N S.M.rF.i:. 
PrnhiiUtl at Kn-lrr, .V. //.. IToo. 

In the name of iun\ amen. This IJth day of May 
in the vear of onr Lord ITo'J. I. .John Salter of Rye 
in the province of N. II. (ient. heinj; seusilde of my 
mortality and liein^r advamtd in years, hnt of sonnd dis- 
jM>sin^ njind and niemory do make and ordain this tn l>e 
iny last Will and Testament. 

I reeonunend my soul into the hands of Go«l hopini: for 
salivation and happiness in and throngh themcrey of Jesiis 
Christ and niv ImmIv I commit to the earth to he hnrird in 
a de<'ent manner l»y my executor hereafter named. And 
touching my wi»rldly estate I ^ive jh'inise and tlisposc 
thereof in mannner followinj; 

I will and order that my just dehts and funenil <'har^e8 
Ih" paid in convenient time after my deeeu.>*e hy my Kx- 
wiitor 

I jfive nnti> my Ii«lov««l \\ ife Amy the sum of Twenty- 
five |M>uiu).4. I also give her one <*<)W, ami all the swine 



12 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

I shall have at the time of my death and all the provisions 
that shall be in my house at that time. Also all my beds 
and bedding and household furniture, all the aforesaid to 
be at her own disposal. I also give her the interest of 
all the money I shall leave, debts and funeral charges 
being paid during the time she shall continue my widow. 
I also give her the use and improvement of the new end 
of my dwelling house during the time aforesaid and I will 
and order that the principal sum aforesaid be equally 
divided among ray children upon the death of my wife, 
or upon her marrying again which shall first happen. 

I give and devise unto my son Richard and my son 
Titus the sum of five shillings each. I give unto my 
grandson John Randall ten pounds. I given unto my 
daughters Mary Mace, Elizabeth Ruby, Charity Leach, 
Margery Hall, Martha Sanborn, and Sarah Sloper the 
sum of five shillings each. 

I will and order that my two acres of Salt Marsh at 
Little harbor so called, lying near salt marsh of James 
Clarkson Esq and also my two oxen be sold by my Exec. 
as soon as may be after my decease and that out of the 
money that shall be raised thereby ten pounds be paid 
unto my grandson John Salter, a son of my son Alex. 
Salter deceased and to whom I give ten pounds, and three 
pounds fifteen shillings unto Mary Salter and three 
pounds fifteen shillings unto Lucy Salter daughter of my 
son Alex. Salter deceased to whom I give three pounds 
fifteen shillings each. 

I give and demise that tract of land at Rye where I 
now live containing about thirty acres which I bought of 
one Joseph Morrell with the buildings thereon unto my 
grandson Alex. Salter son of my son Alex Salter de- 
ceased and unto his heirs and assigns forever if he shall 



JOHN SALTKK, M A K 1 N K K . lo 

arrive unto the a^e of twinty-one years, but if he shall 
not arrivi' at that a^e, I give ami devise the same unto 
my grautlson .Inhii SaltiT hefore mentioned and nnt<t his 
heirs and assiijns ftm-ver if he shall arrive nntn the age 
of twenty-one years, l»iit if he shall not arrive at that age 
I give and demise the s;ime nnto my two grand daughters 
Marv anil Luey Salter hefore mentioned and unto their 
heirs ami assigns forever e([ually <livided. 

I will and order that my wife Amy and my ilaughter 
in law I'liziiheth the widow of my son Alexaiuler de- 
eeasetl have the use and improvement of the said traet of 
land so long as they eontinue widows towanls the hring- 
ing up of the chihlien of my son Alex, deceased, but not 
to commit any strip or waist thereon. And as to the rest 
ami resiiluc of my estate both real and pei*son;il whereso- 
ever and whatsoever I give and beijiuath the sanu' unto 
my chihlren e«jually divided between them. And I 
«le.-ire and reipiest, .lames Marden and Stephen Marden 
both of Rye aforesiiid to be guardians unto the children 
of my son Ale.\. deceased. And I hereby constitute and 
apjM)int my wife Amy and my son Titus Salter to be 
Kxee. of this my last will and testament hereby ratifying 
this and no other to l>e my hist will and testametjt. In 
testimony whereof I have hereunto set my haml and seal 
the day and year first alM)ve written 

.lollN Sai/fku 

\Vitne«s«?s 

AlJNKi; ( ol.K 
JolI.N .J<)NF>* 

John .J« ).>!■>* Jit. 
Matiikw LivKiiMoiir. 

If John SalliT, f)f Kyo, gent., u<'rc a«lvani-e«l in years in 
1752, when his S4>n Richard was forty-thret*, he mu^t have 



14 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

been born as early as 1672, at Odiorne's Point. There 
should be some record in Exeter to show what year he 
bought the farm of thirty acres left to his grandson, 
Alexander Salter, eight years old (named after his father), 
in Rye, where he died November 14, 1801, aged fifty- 
seven. 

In the North Church records there is a baptism of 
John, son of John and Martha Salter, October 4, 1730. 
Martha had probably died before the will was made. A 
daughter had died, as a grandson, John Randall, receives 
ten pounds. Nine children are remembered in the will. 
Amy was the second wife, and probably young, as she 
was to have the use of the mansion until she married 
again. Ebenezer Sanborn, born July 25, 1712, married 
in June, 1740, Martha, named after the first wife. 

Titus Salter, the executor, did good service in the 
Revolution. In 1765 a petition for a light-house at 
Odiorne's Point was signed by Titus Salter, Richard 
Salter, and John Salter, and they were requested to re- 
port on the estimated cost. Four days after the fight at 
Bunker Hill, June 21, 1775, the schooner Ann, owned 
by Titus Salter, was seized by H. B. M. ship Scar- 
borough, but on October 2d Captain Titus Salter retali- 
ated and seized the ship Prince George, bound to Boston 
with 1892 barrels of flour for General Gage's army. The 
farmers made good soldiers, but it was left to the priva- 
teers and the few armed boats in the na\'y to supply the 
hungry soldiers with food and clothing intercepted en 
route to Boston. 

General Washington was very much pleased with Titus 
Salter for his capture of flour, even if it were fifty miles 
away from camp, and wrote William Whipple to send 
him 1200 barrels. The name of William Whipple appears 



JOHN S A I, r i: K , M A K I N 1 i: . I o 

on tlio (tiilv tllc of linston papers nf tlii> pciiiul in the 
LtMJox Lilmiry. 

•lamiary .">, 177<>, C'apfain Titiis Salter was instructed 
to enlist ninety men for tlie garrison of Fort Washington, 
ami also to order every one «)n the Isles of Shoals to leave. 

The ('oMHuittie of Safety in I'xt'ter, .Inly 8, 177!>, ap- 
|)ointiHl Titus Salter captain of the arnieil sliij) llninjxhn 
iti the PtMiohscot expedition. 

In 17S;}, at the end of the war, the thaid<s of the 
(ienend Assenihly were voted to Captain Titus Salter for 
all his good services for the State. 

March 11, 17!M), Titus Salter made a contract with the 
State of New Hampshire, and on November IH, 17I>0, 
ronewetl the contract with Alexander Hamilton, Secretary 
of the Treasury, to erect and maintain a light-house at the 
entrance to I'ortsmonth hari)or. 

Titus Salter was horn in Oitoher, 172'J. He died Sep- 
temher 2n, 17J»S. He marrietl Kli/aheth IJiekfonl, July 
11, 1745. 

•Mexander Salter, referred to, was on (he niii.»ter-roll of 
Captain Fnineis Locke's comjtanv, .lulv 'J, 171<), at Fort 
M illiamand Mary. His son, Alexander, was mnstere<l in 
Captain Joseph Parsons' (Y)n)j)any of miinite-mcn, Novem- 
ber '12, 177"). In December, 1785), .Mexander signed a 
petition for a bridge at New ( 'astle, ami on Di-cember 18, 
17H7, joined Titus and John Salter in u petition for a 
bridge at Sng:imor<". 

The will refers t(» a grandson, John Salter. ( )n the 
pay-roll of a contpany of light-hor>ie volunteers, com- 
mandetl by Colonel .John I^ngdon in the expe<liti«)n to 
KhtMJe I-land, in August, 1778, the name of John Salter 
ap|K".irs. Then* was a tight atC^uaker Hill, Rhode Island, 
Augu.st 2'Jth. 



16 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

John Salter, son of Titus Salter, was appointed second 
lieutenant of the privateer General Sullivan, November 
17, 1778. He died in 1794. 



This will is the earliest reliable record that we can find 
of John Salter. His name is not mentioned in his son's 
family Bible, printed in Oxford in 1738; 
'' Richard Salter his book January 2.3, 1739 
'^ Richard Salter was born March 14, 1709 
" Elizabeth Odiorne Salter 
'' his wife born February 21, 1709 

" This cople was married October 8, 1731" 
Richard Salter died at Halifax, N. S., April 10, 1768 ; 
his wife died in September, 1748, on Salter's Island, 
Portsmouth harbor. 

When the first settlement was made at New Castle is 
unknown, but as early as 1650 it was already a place of 
considerable importance. Its proximity to Odiorne's 
Point, just across Little Harbor, where the first house in 
New Hampshire was built, in 1 623, is sufficient ground 
to suppose that this island must have been occupied very 
soon after the landing of the first settlers. In 1660 John 
Odiorne received forty-two acres in New Castle in a divi- 
sion of public lands. For many years New Castle was 
the seat of business of Portsmouth, the most populous and 
the most aristocratic part of the town. New Castle be- 
came a port of entry about 1686, and for one hundred 
years after the shipping business was extensive. 

John Odiorne was born in 1627. He married Mary, 
daughter of James Johnson, and died at New Castle in 
1707. His son Jotham, who was born in 1675, married 
Sarah Bassum, and died in 1748. His Majesty George 



JOHN S A L T K R , M A R I N' K R . 17 

II. sij;iie<l :i wHrnint .Fiily 11, 172 1, :i<liiiittin^ liiin tt)"ye 
i'omii'il of this l*ri>viii<'<\" < >iir <;nintliin>tlu'r was then 
fiftifii years old. 

Haniiai) W'ciitworth at «li(Tt'ront times luul all these 
dates engraved on the hottoin of her lari;e silver waiter 
for the henelit of Kli/.al>eth's t;ninilchildreii : 

C'liii I'KiN oi- liuiiAUit Sai.tki: AM) Klizakkth 
Odiornk. 

Eliz;iln'th licini .liiK It IT-l'Jdifd 177'J Marrifd Kichard 

Mill< 

Hit (lauiihtor Anne niiirried Moses Copp. 

.John Itoiii 173") died an infant 

Mrhilahle Uorn 17;>S Marri.-.l I>ra«'l Tilthits and had 3 
ehiidreil 

And .lohn Monlton and iiad J ihildren .K)hn and 
Nahhy. 

John l)..rn Nov 14 1740 
Titus 

His Hon Titus married Ahij^ail Krost. 

His jjrand.Hoii .lohn Lake .^alter niurriod four times. 

William not married 

Captain of the hri;; NN'illiani in 17»)8 

liii-hard Married Kli/alieth Avres 

and Kli/;iheth Tuesihdl. 

Harriet C Salter s:iid that when she was a jj;irl she 
went with her mother to the fnneral of the first wife, who 
was Jifty-fonr and I'ncle Riehard ahont sixty. After the 
services her mother told Betsy Tuesdull, then ahont fifty, 
she wotdd make a pxxl wife for Unide liichanl, and in 
tlie eours«> of a yi*ar they were married. In th»' North 
l)nnk'in|^-j^n)und are the stones to tiie memory of lHi/.;ilMth, 
wife of Captain Uichard Salter, die<l .Inly 2o, 1805, aped 



18 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

fifty-four, and Elizabeth, widow of Captain Richard 
Salter, died June 17, 1836, aged eighty-two. 

Richard Salter had ten children. Three named Eliza- 
beth and two named John (who died in infancy), and 
Richard, Perkins, Thomas, Joseph, and Nancy. 

Nancy Salter, born 1778, died 1825, married her first 
cousin, Titus Salter, son of the executor, Titus Salter, re- 
ferred to. They had four children : Ann, married C. S. 
Toppan; Mary, married J. M. Tredick; Charlotte; Henry 
Perkins Salter (father of Thomas P. Salter). 

The letter-of-marque brig of eight guns called the 
Scorpion was commanded by Captain Richard Salter. 

In May, 1777, Richard Salter got into trouble, and his 
sloop, the Friends Adventure, was seized in Massachusetts 
waters because he had altered his papers to escape capture 
by British cruisers in the West Indies. His friends 
thought he was justified in resorting to any device to get 
home. 



Captain John Salter, Mariner. 
Born November 14, 1740; died September 28, 1814. 

Married First. 
Dorothy Bickford, December 13, 1762. She was born 
May 13, 1740; died March 18, 1776. 

Married Second. 
Elizabeth, April 14, 1778. She was born June 26, 
1745. 

Married Third. 

Jane Frost, November 1, 1783. She was born March 
7, 1757; died December 10, 1837 



JOHN 8ALTKR, M ARINKR. 19 

The siepo of Rotiton continuc<l during tlic summer and 
iintiitnn of 177"), iuu\ tlicrc would apjuar to l)c no reason 
wliv an experienced eaptain like dolm Salter, at that time 
tliirtv-live vears old, slionld not t;o tt) sea in a privateer. 
Til>l)its refers to his many voyages before this dat<> as a 
master of vessels. 

John Salter writes Lane, Son tV Fraser that he sailo<l 
Soptemln^r (>, 1775, from Newhuryport in the ship Cri.tin, 
iMMind to Antigua, and two days later he was fired upon 
l)V II. 1>. M. ship Live/t/ and taken t<» Boston. " My 
whip lies with her airgo in lur yet and what will he 
done with it 1 cannot write at present. I am kept here, 
and not permitted to go home nor proceed on my voyage: 
I have not heanl from Col Hoy<l since I have been here. 
Such time's N'ew iMigland never saw before. I hope in 
timl that something will he done in Kngland this winter 
to make uj) this nnhap])y affair and that we may hear of 
no more hlood H|)ilt amongst us." Captain Salter stayed 
on shore until the Revolution wa.s over. 

Bn'wster, in his liamUes, says : '* There are in Ports- 
mouth harlK>r more than a dozen other islands of various 
sizes, addiiiir much to the beauty of the water landstajM^ 
as vi«'\v«Ml from various points. As seen from the Auburn 
Cemetery, the most pronunent is Salter's Island, a hand- 
some swell of land, on which is a house sitting very 
pleasantly in the basin on the east, near Fnune's Point, 
where the Newcastle bridge eonnivts with Portsmouth. 
It was for manv vears the n^sidenci' of ( 'aptain John 
Salter, niarin»T, uhi.di'-d in isl I. nt the .ti/e t.f -.•\.-.niv 
years. " 

Captain Salter was engjigeil in furuign i-ommeree before 
the Revolution. He onw left this |)ort for Kngland on 
a vej»rtel in which was a large number of Imxes of 8{)anish 



20 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

dollars. Encountering a storm about Christmas time, he 
was driven on the rocks at the mouth of the Kennebec 
River. His vessel was gotten off somewhat damaged, 
and he went into a neighboring harbor, where he was 
compelled to remain until March. During all this time 
he was unable to send a communication to or receive a 
word from Portsmouth, and no notice of the disaster was 
received there until the vessel arrived at London. At 
that time there was no communication along the coast 
except such as was made by vessels. 

One event in the early life of Captain Salter, although 
not of much importance, shows his calculating cast when 
a boy. A stranger of some show and bluster one day 
called at Frame's Point, and, desirous of visiting New 
Castle, asked the boy to row him down. Nothing was 
said about pay, and so the young ferryman, to test his 
liberality, landed him on Goat Island on the way. The 
man supposing, as the boy wished he should, that he had 
reached New Castle, jumped on shore. Bowing to the 
lad, he said, as he ascended the beach, '' I shall pay you 
when we meet in town some day." The boat was put off 
speedily. The stranger looking around soon discovered 
himself the sole inhabitant of the little island, and called, 
''Young man, come back!" The cautious boatman, 
however, with a " Perhaps we shall meet in town some 
day," left him, a Robinson Crusoe on his Juan Fernandez. 

In June, 1787, John Salter and Richard S. Tibbits 
signed a petition to the General Court complaining of the 
duties on imports. On December 10, 1799, John Salter 
signed another petition to incorporate St. John's Lodge 
in Portsmouth. Captain Salter built the house in Wash- 
ington Street, Portsmouth, where he lived many years. 

In the Cotton burying-ground are monuments to the 



JOHN S A L T K R , MAUI N I : R . 21 

memory of .lolm Sultt-r, :ii;('«l scvcnty-tlireo Vf;irs, and 
Jaiu" Saltrr, aLrr<l ci^lity-itMc vcars. 

.I:i!H' Frost aj>pari'ntly had a lovor in the ( 'niitiiimtal 
Army in tlu' siege of Bt>ston, in 1775, and ki'j>t one letter 
fnmi him in the family Rii)l('. Jane was eighteen, and 
her sister Dorothy sixteen. Samnel Haven was expeetetl 
to forwjinl letters from Clarissa to Lysiinder. As we 
hear no inoreai>out I'hiladel})hia militia armed with toma- 
hawks, we fear that Lysander must have been killed in 
the Revolution. .lane Frost did not seem disposed to 
marrv at tlii- [icriod of the war. She certainly had no 
interest in dohn Salter, who was livini; on his farm at 
Salter's Island, close to her home in Xcw Castle. 

John Salter lost his wife in 177<>, an<l two years later 
nuirried l-'Ji/aheth March, who was thirty-three, while 
Jane Frost was only twenty-one, and the " lovely 
Lucinda " nineteen. Aficr the treaty of peaee was siji^ned, 
Jane Fn>st be<"ame the third wife of .lolm Salter, and 
Don>thy married James .lewelt. 

New Castle wa.s the s<'ene of the tirst important ajigres- 
sive armetl action of the Revolutionary patriots. liefore 
Paul Revere — the ori;;inal Roii^h Rider — made his 
famous ride to L^'xin^ton and ( 'on<-ord, he had taken 
a much loup-r our, if not so celebrated. Dei-cinber 
13, 1771, he nnle express from lloston to Portsmouth, 
di'j«|»;itche<i by the Boston ( ornmittee of Safety. The 
next day thr Portsmouth S)ns of LilnTty, with the 
|Mitriots of New Castle, in all alK)Ut \CH), under command 
of Major .lohn Sullivan, pr(K'<'e«Jeil to tin.' ft>rt and car- 
ried off one liundrtnl barrels of gunpowder. Most of it 
waa u.h<h| at Hunker II ill. Trevelyan xiys thev also 
carne<l away in broad dayli>;ht sixteen <>:innon. 

Ly.santler writes, July 2«>th, when Gage was in com- 



22 JOHN SALTER MARINER. 

mand in Boston and expecting the flour that Titus Salter 
seized in the Prince George (the "base wretches" were 
probably the officers in the New Castle fort) : 

To Miss Jenny Frost In Newcastle 

My last was committed to the care of a worthy Clergy- 
man and I hope got safe to hand but not a word from 
Clarissa yet ! Why may not Lysander be gratified with 
intelligence how and where she and the lovely Lucinda 
(her sister D) have spent these last 2 months. Can they 
be taken up so much with their last winters acquaintance, 
their minds so much engrossed with the Company and 
Conversation of their new friends as to forget and neglect 
their former ones ? However amiable these Gentlemen 
may be in their private Character Heaven forbid any 
Daughter of America should treat them with even com- 
mon civility so long as their professed design of being 
here is the unnatural unrighteous and disgraceful Business 
they are now upon ; but if you are yet at your own Home 
you will say your situation is peculiarly difficult, that 
there must be a free Complaisance even to such base 
Wretches. I acknowledge it my lovely friends and can 
say no more ; the Ladies I know will raise many scruples 
about writing to the Gentlemen but can there be any im- 
propriety in an epistolary Correspondence with One who 
has been as it were of your own family and whom you 
have so long honour'd with your acquaintance but perhaps 
the most material Objection will be the unsteadiness of my 
Abode ; by way of reply would say I generally leave 
word at the place I leave where I expect to make my next 
Stage and I doubt not but any letter so directed to me 
would find me. A letter left with Mr. Saml Haven I 
should hope to receive. I perceive that the Curiosity of 



JUIIN SAl/lKK, MARINKR. 23 

many Ladies hius s<) far oven'omr the timitlity s«» natiinil 
to your Si'X as to iiultur thorn to visit tlu' Army, Imt 
tilings art' in sncli a confiisM state as to afford hardly any 
Acconuu(Klations. 

We have nothing; very special, iuit I will j^ive yon the 
princi|Mil news. One Company of riflemen consisting of 
107 who left I'cnnsylvania the 1st ins arrived yesterday. 
\\'hat I ohserved p«'cidiar in them I shall just mention viz 
their fnx-k with a kind of ('ape, their Indian Sto<'kinpj 
ii.sinj; a Tomahawk and not a IJayonet anil their ritle gun. 

We iiad a Regular come in who desertc<l from the 
enon)ies Lines at Charlestown this morning. Letters have 
been lately receiv'd from the Selectmen of Boston yet in 
timt town by their Brethren ont i)urporting that there are 
2(K) |>ersons in the Almshouse. .{Oof them so bad as not 
to be able to be mov'd, that (iage wants to be rid of them 
and will furnish water carriage for their removal. 

Application Iuls been made with success for the Salem 
Hospital and I suj)pii.-e after obtaining the a|)probation 
of the (len. Court they will be transported there. Have 
ju-it been to Corporal Frost's Tent and found him retail- 
ing a little of the goinl creauture to chear the spirits of 
liis fellow soldiers. He had just receiv'd a Letter from 
his Sinter Nabby and told me they were all well ; d(K>s the 
txlucation of the Youth still go on ".' what is become of 
my 8ue*"eHsor ? is the plan of my former agreeable re.si- 
denee entirely fon<aketi ? a thousand things I want to 
know ; pray infr)rni the anxiotis 

Lysa.ndkk. 

July 2»>. We<Ines<lay Kveg ^ pust 10 o'eloek. 

P. S. Our soMiers won' order' d sevonil Nights within 
this week to l>e on th«' {Kinule before day and some Nights 
to lie on their arms but wc have iiad no alarm. 



24 JOHN SALTER, MARINER, 



Children of Captain John Salter, Mariner. 

John, born January 20, 1779 ; died February 25, 1781 
(infant). 

Joseph March, born April 18, 1781 ; died October, 
1837. Married Sarah Frost March 3, 1806. His son 
Joseph was in the Navy, and died in Columbus, Miss. 

Dorothy, born August 29, 1782 ; died in 1853. Mar- 
ried John Frost October 30, 1826. 

Elizabeth, born June 22, 1784 ; died October 24, 1808 
(buried in Cotton burying-ground). Married W. H. 
Wilkins. 

William, born January 23, 1787 ; died September 25, 
1849 (buried in Cotton burying-ground). Married Mary 
Ewen. They had five children : William, Mary, Ben- 
jamin, Frances, and Charles. 

John, born July 5, 1788 ; died January 10, 1858. 
Married Sarah Tibbits. 

Maria Jane, born June 20, 1790. Married Samuel 
Cushman, member of Congress from New Hampshire. 

Sarah Ann, born February 6, 1 794 ; died, unmarried, 
in Portsmouth, October 18, 1876. 

Benjamin Salter, born April 6, 1792, in Washington 
Street, Portsmouth. He attended the academy opened 
by Ilev\ Timothy Aldeu, Jr., in 1806, and at an exhibi- 
tion, September 23, 1807, he gave a Greek oration. 
Harriet C. Tibbits appears on the programme as Leonora 
in '' The Little Needle-woman," and as the Shop-girl 
Nancy in " Mrs. Dumford, the Milliner." On the same 
programme are the names of Hall J. Tibbits, Sarah Tib- 
bits, Dorothy Salter, and the three sisters, Elizabeth, 
Maria Jane, and Sarah Ann. Benjamin Salter went to 



J O n S S A L T K K , M A K 1 N K K . 2') 

Exctor Aauleiny, i^niduattHl at Howdoin Coliegt' iu IHI 1, 
anil tnivt'lK'tl in Eiiropo in 1X15. Hr rotiinu'd al)()iit 
Cliristinas with a lot of toys lie had bought on s|M'<-nhi- 
tion. I'ht' followinLT vcar he went into business with his 
hrotht'i* William in FavcttcvilK-, X. ('. The lirni was 
oui' of the tirst in the eountrv to ship eotton to Europe. 
For awhile he was President of the United Slates Branch 
Hank at Fayctteville. Iveturning to New York in 182o, 
his name appears as one of the founders of tiie Chureh of 
the Messiah. He was married August 23, 1821, by Hev. 
Nathan I'arker, to Harriet Chase Tibbits, and went in a 
chaise on a bridal tour to Exeter. liater in the season he 
starleil for l-'ayetteville, and was a month driving there. 
Mails wer«' slow in those days, and on one (x'casioii a ship 
arrived in the night bringing him information that cotton 
had risen. 'J'he next morning he rushed f)Ut before break- 
fast and bought all the cotton in town. P.rnjamin Salter 
<lied in New York, Se|)t<'mlK>r S, IHoS. Harriet Tibbits 
S;ilter tlied in New York November 1, 1872. (Jeorge 
Salter dietl in Washington, August 15, 181)5. They were 
all biirit d in the I'ortsmouth ( 'emctcrw 



Cim.DRF.N OK nK.N.IAMI.S SaLTKU AM> HaKKIKT 

TimuTs Saltki:. 

Mary, married by Kev. Orville Hewey. P. 1>., < >ctober 
29, 18 lo, t.. Uichnnl (J. Porter. 

Jane, niarrieil by liev. Samuel ()sgoo<l, 1>.I>.. Ni.vtin- 
l>er 22, 185 1, to Samuel W. Thomas. 

(Jeoi^e, married by Rev. Samuel <)sg<M>d, 1>. !>.. .lan- 
uary 14, 1H5H, to Mar)- E. Ke<'ler. 

Caroline, nmrrit^l to Mareelo M. I)elgado. Ajirii 22, 
1861. 



26 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

William, married by Rev. Henry AV. Bellows, D.D., 
May 18, 1872, to Georgianua Harrison. 

Harriet, married by Rev. O. B Frothingham, Feb- 
ruary 26, 1875, to J. Freeman Howard. 

Albert, married June 21, 1877, by Bishop Niles, of 
New Hampshire, to Frances Philbrook. 

Three children died in infancy : William and Frances, 
each fourteen months old, buried in Cotton Cemetery, 
and Harriet, fourteen days old, buried in the Hudson 
Street Cemetery, New York. 



Grandchildren of Benjamin Salter and Harriet 
Chase Tibbits, 

Frank Porter, married Emma Hobart and Ida Stow. 

Harry Porter, married Virginia Raney. 

Edward Porter, married Josie Wakefield. 

Elizabeth Porter, married George Ruge. 

William Porter, married Effie Walker. 

Richard Porter. 

Rodman Porter, died January 18, 1881. 

Frank Thomas, married Estelle Claremont. 

Robert Thomas, married Mary Fletcher and Louise 
Shaw. 

Agnes Thomas, married Wilmot Townsend. 

Wesley Bray Salter, ^ 

Jasper Colton Salter, V children of George Salter. 

Mabel C. Salter, j 

Huldah Jenness Salter, daughter of Albert Salter. 

May Florence Salter, daughter of William T. Salter, 
died July 13, 1886. 



P K P P K R R K L L . 27 

CJkka r(;i;AM'< iiii.DiiKN ok Bkn-Jamin Sai.iki: am> 

IlAUIJItrr ClIASK TlBHITW. 

CliiKirfii of Frank I'ori* r : IMimmd Hol)art, Frances 
luHlinai), aixl Marietta. 

(liiKlrtn of Harry I'ortt-r : Harriet Fraiurs, Mary 
Tibhits, Virjjinia IvJiiioy, Ilichanl, f^lizahotli Lamar, and 
(iillHTt lUxlmaii. 

CliiMreii of Fdwanl I'orttr : Ftliel, KtluanI JJaniard, 
.lo-sephine, and lOlcanor Wakefield. 

C'|jildrein)f Klizaheth Porter linire : Ilernian, Karncst, 
h^lwiii Weed, and ( >liv»'. 

Children of William Porter : Mary, Richard, Walker, 
an<l I><'ila. 

Children of Aj^nes Thomas Townsend : Snsana Bell 
and Janet Salter. 

( hildren of Knhert 'riiorna> : N'ir-^Mnia Fletcher, Kuhy 
Lonise, and Ruth. 



PKPPl.RKl.LL. 

Kverett Pe|)|x;rell Wheeler sjjys : 

"Colonel Pe|)|)errell, a nativoof Devonshire, P'n^land, 
\v:lh left an orphan at an early aj;e, withont resources of 
aov kind except his own indomitahle eounij^e. lie came 
frvm Kn^^land dnrin^ the rt?i^;n of William an«l Mary, 
and was apprentice*! to the (*:iptain of a ti-^hin^ schoon(>r 
ciu|)Ioye«l on the coast of Newfoniulland. When he 
finishnl \\\» term of service he t4M>k tip his alM»de on the 
I»le« of Shoals, at that time inhaliited liy tishermen, who 
souj^ht them» lonely isles for security from the Indiana, 
and who found in their adventurous trade the means of 



28 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

earning a livelihood, and in one instance at least the 
means of acquiring the beginnings of a fortune. 

''The Colonel had three sisters probably with him at 
the Shoals, which had a population at one time of six hun- 
dred, supported an able minister, and sent two delegates 
to the General Court of Massachusetts. 

''After the Colonel married and settled at Kittery, about 
1680, a garrison house was erected and maintained at the 
Point, to which families might resort when threatened by 
sudden assaults from Indians, and as early as 1700 a fort 
was erected which went by his name. Colonel Church, 
in 1704, had orders to send his sick and wounded to Pep- 
perrell's Fort. In 1714 the province of Massachusetts 
made Kittery Point a port of entry, and erected a fort, 
with six guns. Pepperrell had command of this fort, 
also a company of militia, and rose to the rank of Lieu- 
tenant-Colonel." 



Maegery Bray. 

Kittery obtained a charter in 1647, and about 1660 
John Bray, ship-builder from Plymouth, County of 
Devon, England, arrived at the Piscataqua, bringing 
with him his wife, Joanna, and his daughter, Margery, 
a year old. 

King Philip's war broke out in 1675, and on the re- 
turn of peace John Bray was able to extend his business 
upon a large and lucrative scale. Ship-building, which 
he followed during a long life, was an early and an ex- 
tensive branch of industry on the Piscataqua. It was 
rendered particularly profitable by the policy of the home 
government which favored ship-building more than any 
other trade, insomuch that the ship carpenters on the 




Col. William Pepperrell 



r K r V K K K K L L . 29 

Tliaiiu's compIaiiuHl in 1721 that tlu'ir Imsiiu'ss was hurt 
ttiitl thfir \V(»rkiiK'ii eini^rattil, cansnl hy th<> Imilditii; nf 
so many vessels in New Knphuul. 

Marijery ha<l arrived at the age of seventeen when she 
first siiw C'oU)nel Pepperrell, who, smitten witli her 
yonthfnl eharms, was not slow in making his impressions 
known ; hut he was so poor that Margery would not 
listen to him, ami the prosperous ship-l)nil(ler di<l not 
favor the young tisherman froiu Appledorc However, 
in a few years, l»y his industry and frugality, he ae»juired 
enough to send out a hrig, wliieh he loa<li'd to Hull, Kng- 
land. liy this timi' Margery was out of her teens, and 
her fatlnT gavr his consent. They were marrietl and 
built the I'ei)jMTrell mansion at Kittery, which is still 
u.st'd :us a dwelling-house. In the next half century the 
largest fortune then known in New Kngland was aecu- 
mulatt^l in this house. 

Colonel I\'p|>erreirs letters to his cjiptains are written 
in a gixxl haml : 

• PaseatiUjua 1 day May 1 7 !"_' John \'cimard you 
hceing now master of ye sloupe Mirnim now riding in ve 
harhor of I*as<'ata»iua hy Otxl's grace hound to Antego 
my t)nler is for you to imhrace ye first fare wind ( Jod 
shall s«'n«l and siiile dereetly for Ant«'go and heing thare 
arrive*! my onler is ft)r you to adres your selfe to Mr 
Anthony Mountert) and to him deleavre my letters and 
giMxls." 

" ( 'ojiey of this 1 reed which hy (nni's assistance I 
iutend to follow." Sign«*<l 

.loii.v Vkxnakd. 

(*ol«)ncl i*ep|MTrcll tdiicat'd his children in the hest 
manner the time and place |H'nnitli'<l : 

.Vmlrrw, Ijorn .lulv 1. 1«;*<1. .Marrieii .lane Klliot. 



30 JOHN" SALTER, MARINER. 

They had two daughters : Sarah, married Charles Frost ; 
Margery, married William Wentworth. When Andrew 
died his widow married another Charles Frost. 

Mary, born September 5, 1685. 

Margery, born in 1689, married Peletiah Whitemore 
and Elihu Gunnison. 

Joanna, born June 22, 1692. Married George Jackson. 

Miriam, born September 3, 1694. Married Andrew 
Tyler. 

William, born June 27, 1696. Married Mary Hirst. 

Dorothy, born July 23, 1698. Married Andrew 
Watkinsand Joseph Newmarch. 

Jane, born in 1701. Married Benjamin Clark and 
William Tyler (another case of two sisters marrying two 
brothers). 

William Pepperrell, who married Mary Hirst, March 
16, 1723, was the leading merchant of New England, and 
by his great popularity obtained the command of the ex- 
pedition against Louisburg, with four thousand men. In 
1747 he visited England, and was greeted by King and 
people as the hero of Louisburg. He was made a Baronet 
for his services, and appointed Lieutenant-General Feb- 
ruary 20, 1759. During the latter part of his life he was 
the most prominent man in America, George Warshington 
alone excepted. 

The following notice of our grandmother's death ap- 
peared in the Boston Post Boy : 

" Kittery, April 30, 1741. Last Friday, after a short 
illness, dej)arted this life, and this day was decently in- 
terred. Madam Margery Pepperrell* of this place, in the 
eighty-first year of her age. She was born in Plymouth, 
in Old England, came hither with her parents in infancy, 
who left their native country for the free enjoyment of 




LieutenantGenersI Sir William Pepperrel 



\ 



rKPl'KKRKLL. 'M 

their relipimis principles. She was, through the whole 
eoiirse oi her life, very exetnplarv for uimfTei-tc<l j)iety 
and amial^le virtues, esj)ecially her charity, her courteous 
afTability, her pnulence, meekness, patience, and her un- 
weariui'ss in well-<loi!i^. As it jtleased < lod to afford her 
worldiv advaiitajrt's and a large c.ipacitv for <h)inp go«Kl, 
9*1 she improved tiiem to the honor of iicxl and the service 
of her generation — heing charitahle without ostentation, 
and making it her constant rule to d(» go«Ml to all as she 
had opportunity. She was not only a loving and discreet 
wife and tender ])an'nt, hut a sincere friend to all her 
acquaintances. She hath left hehind her one son and five 
<langhters and many gnindchildren, who rise up and call 
her blessed. She was justly esteemeil while living, and 
at death a> much regretted. As she lived a life of faith 
and constant obedience to the Crospol, so she died with 
great inward peace and conifort, and the most <'heerfid 
n^ignation to the will of (Jod," 

Colonel IVpperrell held the otlice of Justice of the 
Peace from 1690 to 172o. In 171") he and Charles Frost 
were appointed .Tiidges of the Court of Common Phais. 
Augu.st l<i^ IT.iU, Colonel Pepperrell writes Thomas 
Salter, enclosing account sales for two hundred and 
niiH'ty pounds : " I do not desire to keep any man's money. 
I shall |xiy ye money down (»r give oniers for it at Boston. 
Am ufruiil to come to Hoston forfrareof ye small p«»cks." 
Colonel IVpjwrroll die<l February 1"), IT.'M, aged eighty- 
seven ye:»rs, and left each of his six daughters five hun- 
dred {>ounds. His two sons, .Andrew and William, 
carried on the !umlH>r business, lus ap|>ears by the h'tter 
of Major-Genenil Hnidstn'ct. tJovernor of Newfound- 
land, who dii>il ill Nfw ^'nrk in 177t. 



32 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

St John May 29, 1748 
Dear Sir 

This is the first oppertunity which has offerd this 
spring for New England wch I embrace with great 
pleasure ; first to assure you of my sincere regards as also 
to let you see I hold my good friend always in remem- 
brance. The two letters you wrote me from Louisburg 
last fall 1 rec'd and fully answered in a few days after 
wch no doubt you have rec'd. As to publick news shall 
not troble you with any as what we have hear is of no 
shorter time than the beginning of April which no doubt 
you must have had. We look for the ffleet in every day 
from England. On the 24 inst brocke out a fire in this 
Town which has consumed to the value of twenty thousand 
pounds sterling and had not the wind favor'd us greatly 
the whole town must have been Burnt Down ; if Brother 
Andrew has any Lumber Vessels he cannot send them 
here in a better time than this for their is not any in the 
Harbor and is greatly wanted. I am at work watching 
the motion of the ffrench on the North part of this Island 
where they carry on a fishery I am not without hopes of 
ouer having a trick at them this summer if they come their. 

I suppose now you will be quite easey with regard to 
the affairs of your regiment as you are so greatly better' d 
in your Liut.-Colo. I hope you have had a plesent 
winter and that your Lady Pepperrell and family have 
injoyd perfect health. My wife has been as bad as any 
person could be for this two months past but thank God 
she is recovering and joins with me in our sincer com- 
plements to you and your Lady and family. I am with 
the greatest sincerity and regard sir your Most Obedtand 
most humble Servt Jno Bradstreet. 

The Honble Sir Willm Pepperrell Bart. 




Mir. Rr;i. Pernerrell 



FROST 33 



NKIH) LAS FHOST. 

Ni<liula> I'rost was horn al»oiit loSo, in Tiverton, 
Devonsliiiv, Kiii;lan»l, and wlu-n forty-Hvo years old 
marrie«l Hertlia Cailwalla, ai^ed twenty years. They 
arrivtd at Litth' Ilarhor in Jnne, HJ.'>1, and l!IIiot, 
.Maine, in KJ.'^tJ. Xichohis I'nist was a fanner, t'sttcnied 
a triistwt»rthy, ju<lieinns citizen, and appointed eon.-tahh- in 
1«IJ<». Octohor H), 1<)4!», he wjuj on the ^nind jury that 
met at (ior<:eana. Iledied .Inly "JO, KW;.'*,, Uavinir tivt'«'hii- 
dren : John, Xiehohis, ( 'atharine, Kli/ahcth, and ( "iiarhs. 

The latter, horn in TivtM-tuii, .liil\ .'><>, l(i;51, n-- 
et'ived the hoinestratl and live hnmln-d acres of land. 
The howling of wolves aronnd his father's cahin was 
ins evcnlnjj entertainment, and from the neighhoring hill- 
top hi- niornini; vision eonld survey the cnrlini; smoke 
arisinj; from the numerous Imlian viilaj^eson the trihntary 
stream of the Piseatacjna. The savaije yell and war- 
whoop awakened no fearful throhhings in liis youthful 
iieart, hut rather s<^rved to enkindle a zeal for (hiring and 
lieroie achi<'vements. He early evinced a fondness for 
military exereis<s and j)ar:ides, ami Ixing enrolled as a 
sohlier at sixteen he gnidnally ros«' through sueeosive 
grades to he eommander-in-chief of the militia of Maine, 
ihe Major l)o<*ame a distinguished man in civil and 
military live. Maine heing a provirwe of Massj|c|i(i>M-ttM, 
he was chosen to represent it at the (Jenerui (.'oiirt in 
1058, when he was twenty-six years of age. He hehl 
the oftioo five years, and in \(WJ he was s<Mit again and 
phu^ni in command of six companies of Maine militia. 
He e<>mmande<l a ("omiMiny in King Philip's war, which 
hroke out in KJTo, and for two years was actively engage*! 

3 



34 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

in fighting the ludiaus, who had burnt a vast number of 
houses on the Piscataqua and killed two hundred and 
sixty settlers. King William's war began in 1688, and 
raged with great fury. August 23, 1689, in the reign of 
William and Mary, Charles Frost, was appointed Major 
of the military forces of the province. In 1693 the war 
raged with increased barbarity, and continued until his 
death, July 4, 1697, within a mile of his dwelling. 

Colonel Pepperrell writes to Captain Hill at Saco, No- 
vember 12, 1696 : '' T think it may be safer and better 
to bend her sails before you launch her so as to leave 
immediately, for Sir it will be dangerous tarrying there 
on account of hostile savages in the vicinity. I send you a 
barrel of rum and there is a cask of wine to launch with." 

Joseph Storer writes from Wells : ''It hath pleased 
God to take away Major Frost. The Indens waylad him 
last Sabbath day as he was cominge whom from meetting 
at niffht ; and killed him and John Heards wife and 
Denes Downing and John Heard is wounded. Mistress 
Frost is very full of sory and all her children Cousin 
Charles and John was with their father and escaped 
wonderfully." 

Two hundred years later a tablet was erected in 
memory of Major Frost, and an address delivered by 
Rev. William Salter, D.D., of Burlington, Iowa. 

Major Frost married Mary Bolles, of Wells. Her 
father is mentioned in the will of John Bolles, of St. 
James, Clerkenwell, Middlesex, dated July 1, 1665 : '' I 
given unto my brother, Joseph Bolles, living in New 
England, three hundred pounds." 

Joseph Bolles was town clerk of Wells, 1654 to 1664, 
and his house was burned by the savages, and volume one 
of the town records destroyed, so Mistress Frost must 



FROST. as 

havi' hatl some sjul ex|K*ritMioes with the liormrsof Indian 
warfare tlurin^ a loni; life. Majt»r Frost «lir<l in Felmi- 
ary, 1G7S, ai^ud scvrnty years, leaving a lari,'«' estati" to 
his widow, who died in Xoveniher, 1701, to six dan^hters : 
Sarah, Ahij^ail, Mehitahh\ Lydia, Mary, and KlizalM'th, 
and thret* sons : CharU's (who had ten children) : Nicholas 
(who left a widow autl two children), ami Jolm. 

]I< IN. .IdllN I'kost 

^^'as horn March 1. 1«j81, and whih' a hoy with a 
loaded musket watched for Indians while hi- father 
worked on the farm. ( )n one occasion an alarm wa> 
^iveii and the house was surrounded l»v sjiva;x«'^i who 
were tinally driven off. .lohu escjiped wond<'rfullv, as 
the record says, returning; from church, at the age of six- 
teen years, when his father was killed. When he wa.s 
twenty-one years of a^e he fell in love with the heantifid 
dauii;hter t>f ( 'olonel I'epperrell. He was married hy the 
Kev. Joseph Hammond, Septemher 4, 1702, t») Mary on 
her seventeenth hirthday, and they had seventeen chil- 
dren. John Frost «ommanded H. I'». .M. friirate Efhrord 
in 17n!». He afterward pursued the profe.s,si((n of a mer- 
chant iu New Castle, wIktc he soon ros<' to eminenee, 
h«'lil a hiu'h rank, Iwcame wealthy, was tnneh »listin^nishe<l, 
anil hi|;hly respecte<l in civil life. H<' was sworn in a- a 
Hoyal Councillor, July 2(5, 17_'l, l>y onier of (teorjje 11.. 
the sjime year as .lotham < >dioruc. 

.Vt a criuncil held in l'ort.>^mouth .July lo, 1717, Cap- 
tain John Frost, in command of the ship lionettti I'inck, 
complaineij of a pinite called Ar (irauil^ two hnndnHl 
and tifty tons htirden, earryinj; twenty jruns and one 
hundre<I and seventy men. They ceiehnitetl the Fourth 



36 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

of July by taking from him forty hogsheads of rum, 
several barrels of sugar, and a negro man — presumably 
to mix the drinks. The cargo came from Barbadoes, and 
was bound to Portsmouth. All captains at this time 
brought slaves to New England. 

In the island referred to, in a census taken by order of 
his Excellency, Sir Jonathan Atkins, in 1679, Richard 
Salter was reported as having two hundred and seventeen 
acres of land, four white servants, and one hundred and 
twenty negroes. There would appear to be no necessity 
for S0 many hands on a small farm unless he was sup- 
plying the rich people of New Castle with household 
servants. 

In the burying-groiind at New Castle, close to the 
road, may be seen three graves, viz. : 

''Here lyes the body of the Hon. John Frost, Esq., 
who departed this life Feb. 25, 1732, aged 50 years, 11 
mos and 24 days." 

''Here lyes buried the body of Joseph Frost, Esq., 
who departed this life Sept. ye 14th, 1768, aged 50 years 
and 11 months." 

" Sarah, widow of the late Capt. Richard S. Tibbits and 
youngest daughter of Joseph and Margaret Frost, aged 85." 

John Frost's widow married again, and died April 18, 
1766, aged eighty years, and was buried in Danvers. 

Joseph Frost's widow married again, and died July 15, 
1813, aged eighty-nine years, and was buried in Somers- 
worth. 

Captain Tibbits died in the West Indies. 

Mary Pepperrell Frost lived in elegance at New Castle 
after her marriage in 1702. Her best bed was covered 
with white tabby silk. Her father and husband were 
rich, and she accumulated an enormous quantity of silver 




Hun. ju'.l. FfOSt, 

Commanding H B M, Frigate "Edward" 



FROST. 87 

for the tinios. TIhto was en()ii;;h to till a lar^jo ciost't, 
ami wlu'ii she married aj,^aiii it all went with Iht to 
Boston. ^^'illiaIn TvliT writes to Sir \\'illiam iNpiK-rp-lI, 
July 5, 174') : " Your sister Frost came to town to see 
her son .Iose|)h who was thoiij^ht would have died and 
Rev. Dr. Colniaii has pei-suaded her to e«)ine and live 
with him and they are to !>«■ marricil in thirtv days from 
this date." 

riie news of the eaptun- of Litiiislmr;; had rrathe«l 
IV>ston two days before, and a irtMicrai illumination took 
place. Mary Pepperrell Frost had heen a witlow thir- 
teen years, and was now sixty years ohl, twelve years 
younger than Parson Coleman. They were married by 
ilev. Joseph Sewall, I>. 1>.. Au^'ust FJ, 174'). Dr. 
C'olman, the first pastor of the IJnittle Street ( hnreh 
was »tne of the most distiuijuished ministers in New Fnj;- 
land. In hi:;h iiitelUn'tual ridtivation he had hut few 
etjuals. To nature as well as to culture he was indelit«Kl 
for a most graceful antl winnini; manner and pleasing 
address, which constituted one of his most distinguishing 
a<-complishmcnts. Horn in l>ost»>n ()ctol)er 19, l(j7;t, 
graduated at llarvanl at nineteen, he spent four years in 
]»ndon, where he was ordaineil August 4, 1609, and at 
once returned to Boston and coinmcnci'<l to preach. W*- 
was invite«l to he i'resident of llarvanl in 17"JI. '-i" di-- 
cline*!. 

The parsonage must have heen well st<Mk»il with niUrr 
after the arrival of the thin! wife of the |)4»pular |mrson. 
Wc<lilir»g-gifts weri' always numer«»us to the clergy in 
eolt>uial times, when they (x-eupietl a nuich higiuT |MHi- 
tion in j»olitieal life than they do nr»w. His colleague 
says : " The music of hi>< voi<-e, the pmpriety of \uh 
accent, and the decency of his gestures showeil him one 



38 JOHN" SALTER, MARINER. 

of the most graceful speakers of the age. He composed 
with great rapidity aud elegance, and his pre-eminent 
talents in this respect were in constant requisition to draft 
letters and addresses from the churches to the General 
Court, the King and his ministers." He married in 
1700, when he was twenty-seven years old, Jane Clark, 
aged thirty-one years. Later he married Sarah. 

Sarali had her trunks filled with spoons, and must have 
been the most fascinating woman in Boston. Her charms 
of person or purse were such that she was irresistible. 
Born September 15, 1672, Sarah married at twenty-three 
William Harris, treasurer of the Brattle Street Church, a 
rich and influential merchant. After his death, in 1721, 
Sarah married the Hon. and Rev. John Leverett, Presi- 
dent of Harvard, a widower. After the death of the 
President, the Hon. John Clarke appeared, and he was 
united to Sarah, then forty-three, by Parson Colman. 
John died, .and Sarah, though a year older than the 
parson, captured him. Sarah died April 24, 1744, aged 
seventy-one. Parson Colman lived only two years after 
his third marriage, dying August 29, 1747, aged seventy- 
four. On October 6, 1748, his widow married, for the 
third time. Judge Benjamin Prescott, and became step- 
mother to her son William, and her relatives for years 
after talked about the chests of silver-plate from the 
parsonage, contributed at so many weddings, that all 
went to Danvers never to return. Lieutenant-Geueral 
Pepperrell, who died July 6, 1759, visited his sister at 
her home on his return from Boston in the spring of 1759. 

Our grandmother died April 18, 1766, aged eighty. 




Mary Pepperroll-Froit-Colman-Prescott 



FKOST. 39 

('lIll.DHKN OF .loIlN I'lioyr AND MaUV I 'r.l'i'KIIUI.M . 

Mar^tTV, hin'ii I'cltniars' I, 17<il ; dird in iiifaiifv. 

William, hnm Aiij^ust 2n, 17Uo ; marrii'<l Kli/.al)i>th, 
tlaii^htiT of lu'v. Iicnjatiiiu IVcscott, wlm married his 
niotluT < )ct(>l)t'r 0, 17 is. 

dolm, l)oni May TJ, 1701* ; married Sarah ( Icrri-^li. 

Charles, horn Atiirn-t 27, 1710 ; married doaniia daek- 
soii and Sarah daeksoii. 

Mary, Ixirii Aiimist 10, 1711 ; dieil in iiifani-y. 

Sandi, horn I'\'hrnarv 1, 171.". ; mairied K'.v. .IkImi 
lUnnt, of Now Castle. 

Miirv, horn J'\'hriiarv hi, 1711 ; dit<l in infaney. 

Andrew, horn April 12, 171tl : was many years hlind. 

•Joseph, horn Septemher "Ji', 1717 ; marrie<l Mariraret 
Colton. 

Ahi^ail, horn May lit), 171!> ; not married. 

(ieor^e, horn .Vpril 2il, 1720; married an IjiL'lish 
woman, and second wife Widow Smith, of I)nrlKun. 

Samuel, horn Ani:iist 1!>, 1721 ; died in infaney. 

IJenjanun, horn .May 15, 172"> ; died in infaney. 

.lane, horn .May 1'), 1725; marrit-d Andrew W'atkins. 

Miriam, horn < )etoher S, 1722; married Klliot Frost 
and .Mexander Kaitt. 

Marv, horn didv 2, 172(J ; die«l in infaney. 

I)orothv, horn .Vu^ust 21, 1727 ; marrinl ( aptain 
ClifTt.rd, of Salenj. 

(Note. — Three infants named .Mary died.) 

Jolin Alhee says liev. .luhn I'dunt married into a 
notahle family, whose name has heen hoiionihl y a.HritKMate*l 
with New Castle from ahoiit 17()0. .Ma<iame Sandi llhmt 
wrote poetrv. Her. -i«ters wen* e«'|ehn»t«-d for their 



40 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

amiability and intelligence. Abigail died in the splendor 
of early womanhood, January 30, 1742, aged twenty-two. 

Released from cares at rest she lies, 

Then peaceful slumbers close her eyes. 

Her faith all trials did endure 

Like a strong pillar firm and pure. 

Did adverse winds tempestuous roll 

Hope was the anchor of her soul. 

We by the olive in her hand 

Her peaceful end may underetand. 

And by the coronet is shown , ^ 

Virtue at last shall wear the crown. 



Joseph Frost. 

Born September 29, 1717, died September 14, 1768. 
He married Margaret Colton, October 20, 1744, and the 
year following he was so ill in Boston that his mother 
came to see him, and a month later gave him her house. 
in New Castle, as she had concluded to reside in Boston. 

December 9, 1749, '' Joseph Frost, mariner, of New 
Castle, bought of Alec Clarke's widow four thousand 
acres of land that she got from Geo. Davie." This deed 
is witnessed by Elizabeth Prescott, who married William 
Frost, November 24, 1750 ; also by William and George 
Frost, and recorded by Daniel Moulton, in liber 28. In 
liber 2, folio 45, is the record by Walter Phillips of the 
sale of this tract to George Davis by Nicodeshant Quese- 
meck and Obias for the sum of twelve pounds, dated 
December 21, 1663, in the '' 15th year of the reign of 
our Lord King Charles the second by the Grace of God 
of England Scotland France and Ireland King and de- 
fender of the faith." The land is described as lying on 
the west or north side of Wicheaseke Bay, west or north 
side of Mount Swedes Bay. 



COLTON. 41 

COLloN. 

riiniiias ami Maruiin-t IWiss wiTt- inarrit'<l in l']ni:lan<l, 
\vhi«'h tlu'V left t»ii afcoimt of rt'li^ious |H'rstHMitioii. Tliov 
had >i.\ cliililrt'ii Itoni in l\ii<rlaml and four in Ainfri<a. 
Tlicir >on Lawronre canif to tliis ronntrv with his fatlur 
in 163o, and die<l in 1 »)"•>. Hi' nuirrinl, ()ctol)or 25, 
|t!'il. Lydia, ninetifn wars old, dan^ditrr of Saniiicl 
NN'ri^hl, onr of the first sottU-rs in the ('(>nntfti«-ut 
X'allev, at Sprin^tield, and the M ri^ht sort of a wife fi)r 
colonial days, when every man t<M>k his pun tochiirrh and 
sat at the foot of the i>ew rcaily to nish to the do(»r when 
the <;uards j>osted outside iiave the alarm. I\lder Krewster 
could preach and pray, luit never hesitiited a moment 
when it liei-.ime neeess;iry to po on Indian c5im|Kiii:ns and 
tiirht I he sava;^os. It was only a <juestion of life or dtalh, 
and there was no time to lose. The Indians owne<l the 
country, and the white folks wen- driving' them out, hut 
the ministers overlooked all questions of morals and prin- 
ciples when savages were coneerncd. and joimnl their 
parishioners in the fi;;hts. 

The Deerfield mass;iore sent a ihrill (»f hornir through- 
out New Kngland, Hushand.-. di<l not last lont; in thoso 
terrible Indian wars of Kin;; Philip. Lydia IkuI four 
lovers, married them all, and died a witlow at the aire of 
>ixty-foiir, Decemher 17, ]C,UU. Her father had l»ecn 
kilhtl liy the Indians at Northfield in 1«>7"». and tui 
( )etolM'r 'M, KITS, Lydia married John Nort«m. < )n 
•lanuary 7, HJHS, she married Jolui I*;iml», and on March 
I, 1692, it was (Ici^rj^ Colton's op|M)rtunity, and he hud 
rdi>is for sevf'U years, until Fehruary l'-\, \*VM\ and then 
for ten months Ly<lia wa- '• f' -In., nifh her four i."'Id 
wiHlding rinp*. 



42 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

Dr. Coltou says that our American Adam, George 
Colton, from Sutton, England, has honorable mention in 
the Springfield, Mass., town records of 1645. Was rep- 
resentative in 1669. Died February 13, 1699. Married 
Deborah Gardner and had five sods and four daughters. 

Lawrence Bliss had a sister, Hannah Bliss, who married 
Thomas Colton, son of George Colton. Lydia and Han- 
nah were sisters-in-law until the fourth marriage, when 
Lydia became mother-in-law to Hannah. 

Margaret Colton, daughter of Samuel Colton and 
Margaret Bliss, of Springfield, and great-granddaughter 
of George Colton, the ancestor of all the Coltons of New 
England, was born April 19, 1724, and attended school 
in Boston. Margaret was married at home at the age of 
twenty, and rode on horseback behind her husband all the 
way from Springfield to New Castle 

Joseph Frost died in 1768, twenty-four years after his 
marriage. Margaret remained a widow twenty-four 
years, and at the age of sixty-eight, in 1792, she married 
Judge Rollins, of Rollinsford, N. H., who died eight 
years later. 

Our grandmother passed her childhood in a section of 
the country that had witnessed the fiercest Indian battles 
recorded in colonial times. Then she moved to Boston 
during the great excitement caused by the French war. 
She was visited by her mother-in-law in 1745, when 
Joseph was ill. At that time news had come of the great 
victory achieved by the four thousand soldiers raised in 
New England, commanded by her husband's uncle. Our 
grandmother was in New Castle during the Revolution, 
and probably had many friends in the army. Reference 
is made to Corporal Frost in the letter to her daughter 
Jenny. In the war of 1812 our grandmother was at 



COLTON. 48 

Iu)Hinsf(>rtl, wImti' slu* dictl, .luly \'>, 1S1:», apnl eij^lily- 
iiinr. 

ClIlIKKEN OK .losKl'll Fi;nv|- .\m> M A1:< J A ItKT OjLTON. 

Mariran't, Itoni l)icfinl)('r S, 1717 ; Au-A in ISO'). 
Marrietl John NN'oiitworth and .lolm W'aldntii. 

.Iost>j>li, horn May :{. 174;> ; died in l.s;J<>. .M:mi.d 
Sarah Siini)st)n. 

(iconic, l)orn NovcniluT -\, 17')0; dii'd in 1808. 
Married Al)iirail I ''ell. 

Marv. Ixtrii .lamiarv '_'!», 17",:! ; died in ISl'.t. Married 
Strpinn Clia-f. 

Miriam, hnrii I'fliniarv 11, 17.")") ; dii-d in 17.")»). 

.lane, Iidiii Mali li 17, 17.')7 ; died in 18;',7. Marriid 
.Iol>n Saitt-r. 

I>iin»tliv, horn |-\hrnarv 1^7, 17")'.» ; diid in 1838. 
Married dames Jewett. 

Saniiiel, horn . January '2~ , 17<!0 ; died in l.S"J7. 

Al)ii;ail, horn Septeniher »j, 17t)2 ; died in IS IS. 

William, horn Sopteniher HJ, 1704 ; (Ued at sea. 

Saraii, horn dune 11, 17<ltl ; di((l .lannary 1, 1852. 
Married Ivieharil S. Til)hits. 

< )nr L'nindmotljer, Sarah Tihltits, who \va> two years 
old when her father died, was the last survivor of a lar^ 
family. She and Ahipiil Frost lived toijcther many yt ars 
in the I*leas:int Street House, (»p|Misite the hill. ll<r 
sisttT Mary marrieil Stephen ( 'has«', Aj)ril 2S, 1771. 
Their jjrandson, Noah Tihi)its, has a son of the same 
name livinix in iirooklyii. 

.Masson, in the Vankte AV/ry, puhlishiHl in 1898, says: 
" Historians have randy «lone justiee to the stTvie**?* of 
unr navy (hiring; the war of the Kevolution. In a<ldition 
to the government ships of war, hastily improvis«d and 



44 JOHN" SALTER. MARINER. 

in great part recruited from the merchant vessels, the 
colonies fitted out privateers of their own, aided in many 
instances by private citizens, and there can be no doubt 
that our success in the war could not have been accom- 
plished except by the co-operation of these daring navi- 
gators. They kept the army supplied with arms, ammu- 
nition, and clothing captured from the enemy, and many 
a time when the spirit of our troops was at the lowest 
ebb, some bold naval exploit served to revive their cour- 
age. Most of the battles fought by tlie Americans were 
fought with implements captured from the British vessels. 
The principal things the Contiuental Army lacked were 
guns, ammunition, clothes, and money. In order to 
pamper the soldiers with luxuries of this sort it was 
necessary to capture them from the enemy. So Com- 
modore Hopkins sailed away in his fleet in February, 
1776, to the Bahama Islands, and in March took Xew 
Providence and secured a huridred cannon and some valu- 
able stores. On his return with the spoils, after taking 
two vessels, the commodore retired from the service. In 
1776 the 3IeUish was captured with ten thousand British 
uniforms. It is needless to say that these were very 
welcome to our impoverished army." 

In 1776 the American Xavy had twenty- five vessels, 
carrying four hundred and twenty-two guns, to oppose 
the British fleet of seventy-eight, mounting 2078 guns. 
But, with the aid of privateers owned by individuals or 
the colonies, they captured eight hundred British merchant- 
men. Daring the eight years' war the American loss in 
gunboats was twenty-four, while the British was one 
hundred and two ships of war. xA.t the close of the war 
three gunboats were left, and they were promptly dis- 
posed of, in order to rid the country of any semblance of 



T1BBIT8. 46 

a navy. The navv v-as a relic of the past, good while it 

lasted, but of no further a ■ -e. \^^v.- ' ' - 

had no need of iliern. A ^ ; from 1 i 

said the navy is a menace to our republican inKtitutions, 
and '•' elevfij . ' .te men now in hlaverx* i- " ' 

is the pretext f ^' out a fleet." L'p to • 

1793, Portugal, who kept a stronp fleet at Gibraltar, 
airr.--] t . ].r .!•• t A: • ri<.«n vestiels. In 1795 a j> 

arr.iiij^'-d wnu Ai^':,.i.>. Not havinfr a navy 

' ' !:_: -^l to buy our sailors back. It <• irt aLM>ut a million 

• 1 liar- to do it, and an annual tribute of twenty -two 

t]i<»ur»a.nd dollars to Algiers. Then O--, — 

and by a majority of two ordered th< 

twenty other gunUiats. Our naval war with Kranoe 

la-t.-l from Mav 2«, 1798, to Februarv .;, 1801. 



TIJJBITS. 

LlElTE-VANT RlCHAHD SaLTEr' TiBBITS, U. S. XaVV. 

Israel Tlbbits caune from Ix>ndon to Portsmouth, and 
married, in 1759, Mehitable Salter, then twenty-one year>» 
old. - '■ 1 

in tlu . . ..._ ,,...- 

Tween South and New Castle Streets. >I liad 

three Sarah, ■ 

May 1' . ... ; ll:r ..; . . 

died in 1771, an<l "d Mr. 

M<^Nilti»nboro, and had two more > 

hin. us an appre«ti«*. The liattle of l^exingtOD was 



46 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

fought in 1775, and on September 6th Captain Salter and 
his nephew sailed away from Newburyport in the ship 
Crisis, and were captured. Tibbits then made a successful 
cruise in a privateer. Later he was captured in the 
Aurora, June 14, 1780, and committed to Old Mill 
Prison, Plymouth. July 10, 1781, after a year in 
prison, he writes for money : 

" I am as yet a minor'and an apprentice to my worthy 
kinsman and uncle, Mr. John Salter, mariner, and many 
years master of different vessels from and belonging to 
Mr. George Boyd, merchant, late of Portsmouth. Many 
were consigned to your house, the latter particularly 
named the Fidelity, and was sold after having discharged 
her cargo in London, from whence, in consequence, my 
uncle and self returned home as passengers. 

" In order to acquire a due experience, sufficient to 
qualify me in the business of my profession, that of a 
mariner, by and with the advice and consent of my 
kinsman and tutor, I left home in a letter-of-marque 
brig called the Aurora, under the command of Mr. 
Samuel Gerrish, which vessel was captured on her way to 
the West India Islands by one of H. B. M. frigates bound 
home, in consequence of which it hath been my ill fortune 
to be brought to this place. Previous to my leaving 
home the voyage before this, in which I was captured, 
my uncle was pleased to make provision for my relief in 
case of capture, in his having furnished me with a bill 
upon your house, which, having no occasion for, I re- 
turned him on my arrival at home after a safe and pros- 
perous voyage. My coming with Captain Gerrish only 
admitted of a small delay." 

Tibbits while in prison kept a log-book filled with 
problems in geometry and navigation, also copies of his 



TIM HITS. 17 

li'tt< rs. August 5, ITcSl, lu' writi's Sanili r>iix«'ll, near 
S»'h(>t)l-lu»iiso Ltuu', RatflifT lligliway, LitiKlun, for tin* 
adtlrrssof CJi'Drm.' Ilavd, late mcrrliaiit of I'ort-'iiittutli, l»iit 
iiow liviiii: ill London. Alllioiigli l»iit niiu'tt'cn, lit* sivs : 
" Dear .Miss liii.voll : Tlw ainMciil fricii<l>lii|» that has 
snhsi.stetl ht'twei'ii yon and myself has indneed ine to take 
the liberty to address a few lines to y(»n, as yonr'father's 
Christian natui' has eseaped my memory, to a«i|naint you 
ami your father of my being at j)resent eonlined in this 
plaee. There is no prospet't at pro.scnt of being relea.se<l 
from my ntdiappy situation. I hail little e.vpeetation of 
siieh a dismal prison as this being my residence when F 
left your father's hons»'," 

Then follows a eopy of a letter to (Jeorge I'.oyd : 
" Sii: : Mv present unfi»rtnnate and distressi'il siluation 
of eaptivitv I hope will in some respect apologize for the 
reason of mv present address. The knowledge I havi' of 
vour ever humane and benevolent disposition, togetluT 
with the intimacy ami friend-.hip that had hitherto sub- 
sisted between yourself and my (HUiue.xions are the prin- 
cipal motives that in<luee n)e to stiitc to you in part my 
situation, in hope thereby to e.\<'ite your commiseration 
and to m»'et vour favor ami bounty. I had the very un- 
happv and singular misfortune to be eomniittotl here on 
account of being taken in a letter-of-manpU' brig under 
the command of ('aptain Samuel ( lerrish, and am here 
now about a vi'ar, and no m »r.' pro.s[>ect of redemption 
than the day I was brought here ; my distrens incnases 
with my time in captivity, for when first imprisone<i luul 
-avjnl stjme little, that on being sold eontribute<l to my 
relief, but Time by her woeful ex|M'rience, hath, notwith- 
standing a becoming prudence, matio way with the whole 
for some time i»ast, ant! my situation is such as is ucarcely 



48 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

to be described, having barely a sufficiency of even the 
common necessaries of life for the support of nature. 
You will therefore judge of the distress which I experi- 
ence, and which is a common calamity. I need not more 
fully describe to you the woes that are attendant and on 
almost insufferable with a state of imprisonment when 
nature is supported with a competent sustenance. When 
that fails life itself is almost a burthen too heavy to bear, 
and in which situation have no alternative. I therefore 
request you will be pleased to favor me with a supply for 
my relief, such as your bounty shall be pleased to dictate, 
on account of my honored tutor and kinsman, Captain 
John Salter, who hath altogether declined following the 
seas since captured in the Crisis and taken into Boston, 
who I am satisfied will reimburse you fully for so reason- 
able a supply to the relief of 

'' Sir your devoted sincere 

'' Humble and distressed servt, 

" Richard Salter Tibbits." 

Tibbits copied in his log-book the names of five hun- 
dred prisoners ; names of vessels and dates of capture. 
The brig Fancy, taken in August, 1777, had Francis 
Salter, from Marblehead, and Thomas Salter, from 
Frenchman's Bay. The brig Dalton, taken December 
24, 1776, had Joseph Shillaber, of Portsmouth, who was 
exchanged ; Captain Gerrish, from Portsmouth, taken in 
brig Au7'ora, ran away. 

Andrew Sherburne, in his Memoirs, published in Utica, 
in 1828, gives an interesting account of his capture in the 
privateer Greyhound, Captain Jacob Willis, of Salem. 
In the outer yard of the Old Mill Prison he found " Old 
Aunt Anna," with her hand-cart to supply the prisoners 



TIBBITS. 49 

with hreail, butter, tobiuvo, nee<ilei<, and thread. " I 
liailfd from Pisrataqiia, and tho I*israta(|iia men were 
rallid ami formed a eireh- around me. Mr. Tihhits was 
thr oidv j)erst)n amongst them with whom I had had any 
a<i|naintnnep, thou<;h most of the Portsmouth peojde had 
known mv father." Sherhurne was sixtfeii, had hren at 
school l)Ut a few months, and eould not write or fi|rnre. 
Tihl)its offered to instruct him, and he made ni|)i<l pro- 
gress. Soon after the eaj)ture of Cornwallis eansed a 
general exchange of prisoners. Colonel Lawrence, Unitwl 
States Minister to Holland, was released from the 'I'ower 
and vi.site<l Mill Prison. 

After fifteen months' ahsence from America Sherhurne 
writes he arrivtnl at I'ortsmouth. ** There was a letter- 
of-manjue hrigof eight carriage guns, called the Smrjtiou, 
fitting out for the West Indies, to he comnuuuled hy 
Captain Ivichard Salter, ami my good friend liichanl S. 
Til)l>its, who was my tut(»r in Mill Prison, was going as 
one of the mates, an<l I had the offer of going as hoat- 
rtwain. We had Ix^en out about five days, and were dis- 
covereij by one of his most gnicious majesty's frigates, 
whi<*h cluused us from 10 a.m. to 3 P.M. un<ler what the 
sailors would call a stiff and increasing breeze, and though 
our brig was an excellent sailor she nither gained upon 
us. We were therefore obliged to heave off our ileckIoa<i 
of lumber and then very easily escapcil her. We arriv«-<l 
at (iuadalou|)<' and then .Hailinl for Montserrat, «»ur 
captain iM-ing dis.-.atisfic«l with the market. The nriti>h 
cr»iis«'rs at this time kept a sharp lookout among the \\ e.^t 
India Islands for the Yankees, and as we went out of 
the bav we dis<t)vere<l a brig which had <H»nc««aIe«l hcr>4'lf 
behind a |>oint of land. She a|)|K'aretI to Ih' in rather n 
careless situation iintil we had got so far from the liarlxir 

4 



50 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

that she could intercept our retreat. She then began to 
make sail and gave us chase. We had a fresh breeze and 
were running almost before the wind ; the masts and spars 
of each vessel would about bear all we could crowd upon 
them. It was an eventful period with us, for we saw 
that she was determined to come up with us, and we had 
every reason to believe she was an enemy, and that she 
had too many guns for us. I presume there never was a 
fairer chase. I do not now record the distance from 
Guadaloupe to Montserrat, but be it more or less she 
chased us from one island even into the harbor of the 
other. The chase continued from 8 or 9 in the morning 
until 3 or 4 p.m. 

'' Our pursuer was the brig Bee, mounting sixteen guns, 
and reputed a very fast sailer. She was within a mile of 
us when the chase began, and after having chased us 
several hours a heavy squall in which she was obliged to 
douse a considerable number of her sails, brought her 
within forty rods, yet she did not fire a gun. We had as 
many hands — eighteen — as was necessary to work our 
vessel, and I question whether there was ever a vessel 
worked in a more masterly manner. The same squall 
which struck the Bee in turn struck us also, but we 
having had opportunity to observe its weight and effect 
upon the privateer were better prepared for it. We being 
in complete readiness, every man having a perfect knowl- 
edge of his business, we took in our studding-sails, clewed 
up our top-gallant sails and let run our topsails, jib, and 
staysails, and immediately commenced setting them again. 
Tiie Scorpion now left the Bee as fast as the Bee had 
gained on the Scorpion in the time of the squall. The 
Bee, notwithstanding, hurriedly continued even into the 
harbor of Montserrat. The Bee kept French colors flying 



TIBUITS. ol 

iluriiii^ the wiiolo oliasi', luit I am not ctMtaiii \\Ii«tlnr we 
sliowt'tl any o)l(»rs. Wt- ran as mar tlic slntiv as we 
(Ian <1, and let p> an anchor. Slu" caino within a hnntlrctl 
yanis of ns, hove shiji, anil haih-d n-;. ^\'hile laving 
umh'ronr stern, hroadsiile to, she had oj»j)ortnnitv to have 
done us eonsiderahle injjiry by rakin;; us ; hut her roni- 
mander had the luunanity and jjonerosity to refrain from 
injuriui; us exeept to fri^^hten us, and more speeially the 
Freneh j>ih»t and his boat's erew, who by this time had p)t 
on board and seein;; the lUe hiyini: broadside to us, her 
port- up and iruus out, were in expectation of receiving a 
broadside, Siune of them juujpcd l)ch)\v an<l (dhers fell 
upon their faces, eryiu;; out, ' Foiifre d' Aui/lais.' The lire 
8too<l to sea apiin under all the siil she could set. The 
fort immediately commence<l tirinij ujxm her, but she 
sei-mcd to biil llu'in delianee, by haulin;; down her French 
colors and displaying the Kn^^lish tla^;, and matle her 
es<'ape without ret'eiviu;; any injury." This extraordinary 
chase and nuina'uverin^ must have been highly interesting 
to a disinterested spectiitor. Sherburne says they sailed 
with a cargo for Alexandria, \'a. , aiul were i-aplured by 
his Majesty's ship Aiii/»liion, forty gnus, at twt) in the 
ujorning. '* We were standing directly for each other. As 
ftoon as we diseovere<l her we hove about, but all our 
enih'jivors to es<'a|M' her were abortive, for we were within 
musket shot. The <lischarge of a few of the heavy caiuji>n 
acoompli.Hhcil her object. Our Captain Tibbits and three 
others continu(Hl on board the Srarpinn, which was after- 
wanl cast away, l)ut I Indieve no lives were lost. Thir- 
teen of us wen? put on bosird the Amphion, and two weeks 
later we arrive<l at the prison-ship in New York." 

Sherburne writes : '* The war beini; ende<l, I ship|M><J 
on lM>ard the ship Lydin, comnuuuhtl by ray old friend 



52 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

Captain R. S. Tibbits, bound to North Carolina, then to 
Lisbon. 

'^ Nothing nncommon occurred until we made the land 
on the coast of Portugal. We stood along the coast under 
easy sail ; it being toward night we did not wish to ap- 
proach very near the land. The weather was very 
pleasant and the wind light. 

" The Algerines at this time were committing depre- 
dations on our commerce. It was but little before this 
that Captain O'Brien had been taken, who, with his crew, 
were in slavery among them a number of years. We 
were in some fear of them and kept a bright lookout. I 
had gone below at 12 o'clock and turned in, but was not 
yet asleep. I thought I heard the distant sound of a 
human voice ; the captain was on deck and busy in talk- 
ing. I heard the sound again, and began to feel alarmed, 
and was turning out, but discovered that they heard the 
sound on deck and were listening and looking out. The 
sound neared us fast. All hands were immediately on 
deck. There was now no question but the sound was 
from an Algerine galley, which was by this time within 
fifty yards of us. She hailed in several different lan- 
guages, and Captain Tibbits having the helm, there being 
plenty of work for every one else, gave them indirect 
answers. Never were people more alarmed than we were 
now. Never did a crew make sail quicker ; we set our 
top-gallant sails, hauling our wind a little, and got out 
our studding-sails, etc., and by this time our pursuer was 
within twenty yards of us. She feigned herself in distress, 
and designed thereby to decoy us. She had laid under 
the land without having any sail set, and by that means 
could not be discovered by us before night ; while at the 
same time she could very plainly discover us, and, having 



TIHHITS. 53 

discovered how we were standing, shaped her coni'se to 
athwart our fore f«iot, as the siiih)r woiihl sjiy, Imt she 
heiui; to ht'ward was ohlip'd to th-peiid ii|h>ii her oars. 
She Imd desi^ueil no douht to have hoanh-d ii>, Imt when 
she sjiw that we were liki'ly to shoot hy her eiuh-avored 
to deeoy us. Slie did not show a rai; of sail until she 
had eoni|)lcte!y ^'ained onr wake, and then l)ci,'an a chase 
with a full press of sail, lint our ship heini; an e.\«'ellent 
.Siiiler we soon he^^an to leave her, and thus hy the nu'rey 
of Gtxl we escaped capture and slavery. She <hased us 
hut a very little while, and findinj; she was no match for 
us in sailini; ^ave up the chase, took in lier sails, and we 
soon lost sii^ht of her. The next day we ^ot into Lishon 
autl reported the ciniinistances of this chase. Tlu-re ini- 
niediately went out a <;overnnu'nt hrii; in pursuit of her, 
hut I did not undcr.-taud that she ever found her. W'l- 
took in a part of oiir carp) at Li>i)on ant! had to j;(» to St. 
I'l)es for the remainder, and were with a nnmhcr of other 
vessels convoyed off the coast hy a Portuguese frijiate," 

The Lydin arrived safely in America with liercarj^ of 
sjilt, and Sherhuriu', who had heen tau^iit to write in 
Plymouth Prison hy Tihhits, opened a s<1um)1 for hoys 
on the Saco Kiver, fifty-tivo niih's from Portsmouth, in 
•laiuiary, 17S»;. Hr says in his Memoirs: " Had I had 
n<»t heen drawn or rarrie*! throuijh the distrcKsin^ scenes 
whi<h I have already relate], and heen hxlmtl in ( )ld Mill 
Prison, I had |irol»al)ly never ac(juired an eilucation sutli- 
cient to have su-itainc<l these olliccs and to have performiHl 
the husiness whi<-h has j)rove«l so profitahlc to mc" 

Sherburne representetl the town of ( 'ornish, where he 
kept S4-hool, at a convention held in Berwick in re^'ard to 
public buihlin^s. (ienend .lohn Pro>t, of the Kevolu- 
tionary Army, was calletl to the chair. In SoptendxT, 



'54 fOB% S^LTZe, JLJLZISZ^, 

.%» one ftHmlf«d aertr k>>v > M^wadk^ 

ia K , ^ tf» the Xew Haatpe^iier a»KK 

Ij'jf '» re»t tfesw is A9iiis*ie(t, 17WK I» 

A ■ _■ ,-- -.,—-" IT, ... --, f _ . ->.- rt moAs 

>? 9nKVB» oc nKfyrp»iatt>r>«. 

■ ' ' '■•'* jprocfci M ig^ Sfcw- 

':r, awl all tktr 

in AfyriJ, ! 

_-.. . : -jnwtjh TicaiflM aa^ 
Pr ' X«Nr BrvagBviek; aa^ aM(db«r iteualb»Mir Cf> 

K«« V ' ; -' I tiwk aa offMirtrautr t» vint 

the ^ > '^ 'jffHgKile t» wUdb fe wti lj Isr 

tia-. . /«rwy. I yaHi0«d <pref- Ikt p^ 

th« '^'- - -'- -' "" 

7 .'«pQ«t» aaoCker rvn^ m war Umesk, 

€H r :s.% 17«^, tW Britiih kft 5«v Y«vk, aiad 

'T*5, the !»% Xtphgmff Csftaia 

jarf, P«vtiaaMMth, aad Mileii ta 

tlK^ W<K« lEyi>«» with a load 9i humhsr, wihodb «a» es- 

dbaa^«d f«ir |Madb«o«»<if nua, aad haded ia P«*tnMadk 

cft •Si-r.r>«ri'?*^- Ir, J-t't **i*!-t -JBrfrWp ia .faeiC>»=-^ T5«T 'ibWt'!: 



TIBBIT9. fth 

Tibhit* (lieil in 1^21); Captain Shm-kforrl wan taken down 
with t}i«' f»'%'«'r aii'I ■ ■ At I'ort At • 

the raptain went - lenire of tl«> 

nmn<ling offit«r. Port Maria, 0«-i»ya, Morro ( 
FIa'.:ina, ami othor p«»rtM aro nu'iition«'<i. AmKhcrr lug 
'lioWH Tilibit-H wai near Havana April ♦*, 1812, 

Li(*iit<*nant TiM)it>» was one of tin- first offufT>s *f\w\v*\ 

for the new navy of the Unite*! States. He had Ix^n 

' * ' il*rr>ad,ar * - i . . .1 .,?a all hi» life, and wan 

I a ver\ <>T. Me ent«r»d tlw? 

?»»*rvioe l^ecember 5, 17IJM, during the war with France. 

.I-.liii Alif.i-. who waM then I*r»-<i ' 

mi--i'.ii .l:iiiii.iry 7, 171)9. C. W. <r _ . - - 

r»tarv of the Xavy, wn>te him fonr ilayn later : ** The 
Pn-i'I'tit of the I'nitr"*! Stat^-^ hy .ind with th<- advice 
and wnin^nt of the S*;nate, has a{){>ointed you a I,^ •- -. Kit 
in the Navy of the UniterJ .States. You will ini 
re|jair on Ikkih! the ^hip PortMm/iuih, cornrnande*! by 
Daniel .MeNVill." The PoHnnotUh, twenty-f - ■ -, 
built in I*ortj*mouth, carrie«l .1 r-rew of two hui 1 

twenty men. 

I^ieut«'nant Til»l»it- di»ii in ' ' '' 'i, In r)i f 

IMJI. Ilr inarri'-d Sarah Fro- 7, 17m7. 

uncle, John Salter, marrierl her stater, Jane Froat, No- 
v.tM»»*>r 1, 1783. Sarah Fro-t Tibbif*, ^ho » 

Inn- 11, 17»i*i, liver! for many yi-an* in I'lea»ui 
I'orti^moiith, where she die*! January 4, 18.*>2. 

(in ti sheet of pa|ier that had been s<>nt to R. 8. 1 
tli-n- !- ■«ipie<! an extrart from a letter : 

A ._• «Ht 2»), 1784. Ih not this «*trin«r* w*aih#r* 
Winter alnrirfie*! the xprinjf, and now aa( 



56 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

wish you more time would not be kind, but what time 
you have you must bestow upon me. Since I was here I 
have two little letters from you, and have not had the 
gratitude to write, but every man is most free with his 
best friends, because he does not suppose that they will 
suspect him of intentional incivility. I thank you for 
your affectionate letter. I hope we shall both be the 
better for each other's friendship, and I hope we shall 
not very quickly be parted. Your letter was indeed long 
in coming, but it was very welcome. Our acquaintance 
has now subsisted long, and our recollection of each other 
involves a great space and many little occurrences which 
melt the thoughts to tenderness. Write to me therefore 
as frequently as you can." 



Children of R. S. Tibbits and Sarah Frost. 

First child, born April 20, 1789 ; died in infancy. 

Richard, born April 25, 1790. Married, in 1822, 
Martha W. Mellen, and died July 19, 1838. 

Hall, born April 25, 1790 ; died January 31, 1791. 

Sarah Chase, born March 30, 1792. Married, in 1817, 
John Salter, and died April 16, 1867. 

Harriet Chase, born March 20, 1795. Married, in 
1821, Benjamin Salter, and died November 1, 1872. 

Hall Jackson, born August 9, 1797. Married, in 
1826, Jane C. Warner, and died August 24, 1872. 

Dorothy Jewett, born July 22, 1801, and died January 
17, 1848. 

Mary Laurin, born August 25, 1803 ; died July 5, 
1824. 

William Cutter, born July 9, 1806 ; died in September, 
1837. 



TIHHITS. 57 

Kli/aboth, hum July !», 180G. Marrioil, in IS.IT, .I..hn 
Lake Salter, and ilie«l October 15, 1871. 

Caroline Au<;usta, horn Scpteniher 11, 1808. Mar- 
ried, in 182f;, X. \V. Merrill, and died OetoUr 18, 1877. 
('aroline was the last survivor of the children of K, S. 
Tihhit.s and Sanili Frost, and when she died !H.'Venteen 
nephews and nieecs filetl their claims for the Merrill 
ducats, Surrot^ate Calvin, after listeninj; to an unusual 
number i>f »li.stin^uished i)eople, viz.. Cardinal McCli>skey, 
(tenenil John A. Dix, Admiral Sy Ivanus W. Ginlon, 
Genenil Kufus Saxton, Thurlow Weed, Cyrus W. Field, 
Stewart Brown, Mos<'s Taylor, aii<l <ithers, rejwted the 
will «)frered for probate. 

The brothers and sisters of Caroline Merrill married 
and left families. Richard had three children : Aui^usta, 
Richard, ami ( Jeor^e. Ilall had two children : (Jeorj^e 
and Robert. Sarah had ei^ht children : .bthn, Kllen, 
Frances, Mary, Marjjery, .\nnie, Kmily, and Au^^usta. 

Kli/;il>eth Tibbit.s marrie»l, May 27, 18.'J7, her cousin, 
John L , son of Titus Salter. She had four children : 
John, Kllen, Abi«;ail, and William. She died Oetol)er 
lo, 1S71. 

John L. Salter, born May 21, ISO*;, in Portsmouth, 
die<l in Odell, Illinois, Deeenil>er 2, 1892. He married 
his >e««>nd wife, Mary Jane Hall, ( )ctober 7, 187'>. She 
dieil February *», 1S77. Captain Salter then marrie<l his 
sister-in-law, Louisa A. Ilall, September 11, 1877. She 
dietl Januarv 4, 18I«2, and ( 'aptain Salter nuirritnl a^iin 
Jrru-ha Spnt^ue. 

William Tibbits Salter, the only surviving chiM of 
John L. Salter, was born in Maiiu", went We>t, and now 
livj's in I^wrenceville, Illinois. He marrietl Mary 
Ellen Ilolcomb, July 2, 1807. She dietl October 23, 



58 JOHN SALTER, MARINER. 

1891. On April 23, 1893, he married Lilian Mary 
Thompson. W. T. Salter has had ten children : John 
Henry, married Rose Robinson. Florence May, married 
Fred. Cook. Elizabeth Tibbits, married Warren B. 
Kilgore. Sarah Adeline, married John B. Stout. Clara 
Lonise, Mary Frances, William Rymond, Stanley Wal- 
lace, George Everett, Georgie Ellen. 



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