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LETTERS AND PAPERS 



OF 



JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 



MAYOR OP EXETER 1447-50. 



EDITED BY 



STUART A. MOORE, F.S.A. 




PRINTED FOR THE CAMDEN SOCIETY. 



M.DCCC.LXXI. 



X 



WESTMINSTER : 

PRINTED BY J. B. NICHOLS AND SONS, 
25, PARLIAMENT STREET. 



[NEW SEKIES. ii. j 



COUNCIL OF THE CAMDEN SOCIETY 

FOR THE YEAR 1871-72. 



President, 

SIR WILLIAM TITE, C.B., M.P., F.R.S., V.P.S.A. 
WILLIAM CHAPPELL, ESQ. F.S.A., Treasurer. 
WILLIAM DURRANT COOPER, ESQ. F.S.A. 
F. W. COSENS, ESQ. 
JOHN FORSTER, ESQ. D.C.L. 
SAMUEL RAWSON GARDINER, ESQ., Director. 
ALFRED KINGSTON, ESQ. 
SIR JOHN MACLEAN, F.S.A. 
SIR FREDERIC MADDEN, F.R.S. 
FREDERIC OUVRY, ESQ. Treas.S.A. 
EDWARD RIMBAULT, LL.D. 
EVELYN PHILIP SHIRLEY, ESQ. M.A., F.S.A. 
WILLIAM JOHN THOMS, ESQ. F.S.A., Secretary. 
THE VERY REV. THE DEAN OF WESTMINSTER, F.S.A. 
SIR THOMAS E. WINNINGTON, BART. 
SIR ALBERT W. WOODS, Garter, F.S.A. 



The COUNCIL of the CAMDEN SOCIETY desire it to be under- 
stood that they are not answerable for any opinions or observa- 
tions that may appear in the Society's publications ; the Editors 
of the several Works being alone responsible for the same. 



CONTENTS. 



PART I. 

PAGE 

I. Petition to the Lord Chancellor . 1 

The mayor and commonalty had a day to appear before the 
Chancellor, and have kept it according to the King's com- 
mandment, and also have put in articles, answers, and re- 
joinders, and done all things that they ought to do. Prays 
that the matter may be ended. 
II. Shillingford to his Fellows at Exeter. [Draft 

Letter.] ...... 3 

He left Exeter on Friday, and came to London on Tuesday 
at seven o'clock, and laboured to make answer to the articles, 
which he sends for approval. 

III. Shillingford to his Fellows. [Draft Letter.] London, 

Oct. 30th, 1447 ..... 4 

On 16th Oct. 1447, Richard Druell and Harry Dobyn rode 
out of Exeter to London, to keep the appearance for the City 
in the Quinzaine S. Michael. The Mayor left Oct. 24, and 
reached Shaftesbury on Wednesday night. On Saturday 28 
Oct. he came to London and saw the Lord Chancellor. He 
describes his reception and interview. On Sunday 29 Oct. he 
had another interview with the Chancellor, and also with the 
Chief Justice, and again with the Chancellor. 

IV. Shillingford to his Fellows. London, 2 Nov. 1447 8 

He has made a present of fish to the Chancellor. The 
cause was adjourned till Saturday. He has spoken about it 
to the Justice, who urges him to make a composition, which 
Shillingford refuses to initiate. The cause was again ad- 
journed till Monday, when it came before the Chancellor and 
the two Justices. He describes the proceedings minutely. 
On Tuesday All Hallows Eve he received the answers to the 
City's articles, in which he is greatly libelled, desires money 
may be sent him, that the answers may be well understood 
and replied to, and that the Black Roll may be sent him. 
CAMD. SOC. a 



CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

V. Shillingford to his Fellows. London, Sat. 11 Nov. 

1447. [Draft Letter.] . . . .18 

He was at Lambeth with the Chancellor on Sunday the 5 
Nov. 1447, and spoke with him about the Answers to the 
City's Articles. On Monday in the Exchequer Chamber the 
Chancellor amended the answers himself. On Tuesday the 
cause came on again, and he describes the proceedings. The 
other party are to shew their evidences on Sunday next. 

VI. Shillingford to his Fellows. London ? Nov. or Dec. 

1447. [Draft Letter.] . .22 

Dowrish and Speere saw the Chancellor on the Sunday 
before his arrival. New bonds are ordered to be sealed to en- 
treat for a composition till Candelmass. Dowrish and Speere 
were before the Chancellor on Monday; the cause was post- 
poned. Shillingford arrived in London on Tuesday ; he has 
not seen the Chancellor yet because he waits for the " buck- 
horn " which was to be presented. Upbraids one Germyn for 
his negligence in not sending it. 

VII Shillingford to one of the Bishop's Counsel. 14 

Dec. 1447. [Draft Letter.] . . .24 

Concerning the entreaty to be had at home under the new 
bonds. Prays him to fix a place, day, and time for the con- 
sideration of the matter, and expresses his desire for a " good 
end." A curious passage at the end has been struck out. 
See the note. 

VIII. Shillingford to Dowrish. Exeter, Wednesday, Eve 

of St. Thomas the Apostle, Dec. 20, 1447 . .25 

Requesting him to help to make a good end of the matter ; 
with him are Radford and Hengston and William Beef. 

IX. Shillingford to the Bishop. Exeter, 24 Dec. 1447. 

[Draft Letter.] . . . .26 

The Lords before whom the matter is " in compremys " have 
postponed it until Candelmass with a command that the parties 
should endeavour to agree at home, as appears by a letter lately 
sent by the Chancellor to the Bisshop. The Mayor and Co- 
monalty are ready to agree. The City did not wish to dispute 
the Bishop's right to the Fee. The Church and Cemetery are 
distinct from the Fee, and not the same thing as it is now 



CONTENTS. Vll 

PAGE 

desired to be set up this last term, contrary to the Bishop's 
first answer to the City's articles. Begs he will endeavour to 
settle the affair according to the effect of divers bulls of 
supplications put in by the Mayor to the Lords, of which he 
sends copies. 

X. Instructions from Shillingford to his Deputy 24 Dec. 

1447 ...... 29 

Instructions to speak to the Bishop and deliver a letter from the 
Chancellor. He is to make excuses for the Mayor not bringing 
the letter himself. It is the Chancellor's command that "we 
intreat at home." The City is willing. The Mayor is hurt 
at some remarks of the Bishop's. 

XI. Instructions to Shillingford' s Deputy going to the 

Bishop. (?) Dec. 1447 [Original and draft.] . 31 
He is to make his excuses for not coming to his Lordship at 
Chudleigh. 

XII. H. Webber, Priest, on behalf of the Bishop, to the 

Kecorder (?) Chudleigh, 28 Dec. 1447 . . 33 

Thanks for good will expressed in the letter sent to him 
(the Bishop) on Sunday. The same day he had a long and 
diffuse letter from the Mayor of Exeter, stating that the 
Lords' command was that the matter shall be entreated at 
home in this vacation. The Bishop will order Copleston and 
Hendeston to be at Exeter at the next sessions of the peace 
for that purpose. 

XIII. Shillingford to his Fellows. London, 2 Feb. 1447-8. 

[Draft Letter.] . . . . .35 

On Candelmas Eve he received their letter brought him by 
Harry Dobyn, which he has well understood. What to do he 
cannot yet be " redely avysed," but will do as best he can. 

XIV. Shillingford to his Fellows. 3 Feb. 1447-8. 

[Original and draft.] . . . .36 

The buckhorn was presented on Candlemas day. On that 
day he was with the Chancellor at mass and presented his 
candle to him, and " abode there to meat by my lord's com- 
mandment." Describes the scene and his conversations with 
the Chancellor about the cause. 



Y1U CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

XV. The Mayor and Commonalty of Exeter to the Lord 

Chancellor. February 1447-8. [Draft Letter.] . 39 

Praying him to write to the Bishop and desire him to con- 
form to the King's commandment, and to stay the suit at 
common law. 
XVI. -The Archbishop of Canterbury to the Bishop of 

Exeter. Lambeth, 16 Feb. 1447-8 . . 41 

Begging him to refrain from proceeding at common law 
because the matter is by his labour and that of the Justices 
in course of settlement under the bonds that were made to 
Candelmas last. Trusts that a composition may be made, and 
if any difficult point arise the judges will settle it. 
XVII The Chancellor to the Chief Justice . . .42 

Urging him to use his influence with the Bishop for an en- 
treaty to be had at home. 
XVIII. Instructions to Richard Druell, drawn by Shillingford. 

Lent, 1447-8. [Draft.] . . . .42 

Druell is to recommend the Mayor, &c. to the Lord Chan- 
cellor. Pray him to remember how the Mayor last departed 
from him, and specially of the communication had with him 
the Sunday morning before the Mayor departed in his "ynner 
chamber " at Lambeth. He abided till Tuesday, and had a 
letter to the Bishop of Exeter. Also tell him he sent his 
letter to the Bishop by John Hulle, John Coteler, and you 
Richard Druell. The Bishop sent Canon Kys to treat with 
the Mayor, who refused to treat with any one but the Bishop ; 
but they agreed to refer matters to counsel on either side, and 
met at the Cathedral, Copleston, Kingston, and Wood for the 
Bishop, and Radford, Hody, Beef, and Dowrish for the City. 
No answer yet given to the City's articles. The Bishop sent 
word to the Mayor that he would be at Exeter to meet him. 
In the evening the Mayor waited on the Bishop. The Bishop 
spoke with him. The Mayor attended at the Cathedral on 
Monday morning " at 10 atte belle," and was assigned to come 
before the Bishop in the Chapter House. ? Lent, 1447-8. 
XIX. Shillingford to the Chancellor. Soon after 13 March 

1447-8. [Draft Letter.] . . . .50 

The parties have been in treaty before Sir Richard Newton, 
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, at Exeter, and also 
before the Bishop at Crediton. Hopes for a " gode end." 



CONTENTS. IX 

PAGE 
XX. Shillingford to Druell. After Lent, 1447-8 . 51 

Instructions to speak to the Chancellor upon the matter. 
XXI. Shillingford to his Deputy in London. Instructions 

to speak to the Chancellor. Soon after Easter, 1448 54 

Desires more time to answer the Bishop's new articles. 
Search to be made among the public records for evidence. 
Since " our departyng from London " the canons have 
changed their conduct, and behave peacefully. 

XXII. A Memorandum sent by Shillingford to Speer in 
London, to be delivered to the Chancellor. After 
10 April, 1448 , . . . .59 

Upon the breach at Tiverton between Kadf ord and Hengston 
the Mayor spoke to Harry Webber, and the matter was put to 
the arbitration of Radford and Coplestone, but the entreaty 
is broken off again, he knows not why. 

XXIII. William Spere to Shillingford. After 19 April, 

1448 ...... 61 

Has arrived in London and delivered the Mayor's letter to 
the Chancellor to Radford, who said he would present it the 
next day, and would see the Chief Justice. The matter was 
on in the Common Pleas, and was postponed. Describes the 
scene at dinner, when the letter was delivered to the Chan- 
cellor, and reports fully upon the proceedings in London. 

XXV. Shillingford to his Fellows. (?) April, 1448. 

[Draft Letter.] . . . . .65 

Was at Windsor on S. George's Day [23 April], and 
tarried there all day. Wednesday he came to London. The 
blame of the breaking off the last great entreaty at home 
thrown on the City, because they would not agree to give up 
the power to arrest canons and servants in the churchyard. 
They came before the Chancellor and two Justices at Lambeth, 
" after mete." Hengston not being there it was adjourned to 
the Exchequer Chamber till the morrow. 

XXVI. Shillingford to his Fellows. (?) 24 May, 1448. 

[Draft Letter.] . . . . .67 

He left Exeter on Wednesday next after Corpus Christi, and 
reached London on the Saturday following. He describes his 
interviews with the Chancellor and the two Chief Justices. 



CONTENTS. 

PAGE 

XXVII. Petition of the Mayor and Citizens of Exeter to the 

Lord Chancellor and the two Chief Justices . 69 

The evidence being ready, they pray for a day for the cause 
to be heard before the Lords, according to the King's com- 
mandment. The matter " hath honged yn debate by tyme 
of iiij yere, of which tyme almost two yere yn yntrete." 
This petition appears to have been appended to a brief of the 
evidence produced before the Chancellor and the Justices. 
No. XXIX. is evidently taken from it. 

XXVIII. A Memorandum of an Address to Sir Richard New- 
ton at the Assizes, desiring him to decide the matter, 
with the assistance of Sir Philip Courtenay and Sir 
William Bonevyll. (?) August, 1448 . . 70 

XXIX. Petition of the Mayor and Citizens to the Earl of 
Devonshire, Sir Philip Courtenay, and Sir William 
Bonevyll, praying them to make an end of the matter, 
which had been " yn debate by tyme of iiij yere, of 
the whiche tyme almost ij yere yn entrety " . . 71 



PART II. 

XXX. The Mayor's Articles of Complaint against the 

Bishop, Dean, and Chapter . . .75 

Thees ben the articulis of the right grete injuries and 
wronges done by the Bishop Dean and Chapitre yn severall 
and comyn of the Cathedrall Churche of Seynt Peter of 
Excetre theire minesters officers servantis and tenauntjs done 
to the Maier Bailliffs and Communalte of the same Cite by 
, protestacion to resorte to theire name of corporacion ac- 
cordant to theire title of prescripcion grauntis of the Kyng and 
his proginato r s to syne and to be syned. 

XXXI. The Mayor's Articles of Complaint against the 

Bishop, Dean, and Chapter. [Draft.] . . 80 

XXXII. Draft of Article IX. of the Mayor's Articles of 

Complaint . . . . . .93 



CONTENTS. XI 

PAGE 

XXXIII. The Answers of the Bishop, Dean, and Chapter, to 

the Mayor's Articles . . . .95 

Thes ben the Answeres of the Bisshop of the Cathedrall 
Chirch of Saint Petre in Excetre Dean and Chapitre of the 
same to the Articles of compleynte ayens hem purposed by 
the Maier Baillyfs and Comminalte of the Citee of Excetre. 

XXXIV. The Mayor's Replications to the Bishop's Answers . 105 

These buth the repplicacons of the Maier Baillifs and 
Comminalte of the Citee of Excestre to the Answeris of the 
Bysshop Dean and Chapitre of the Cathedrall Churche of 
Excestre. 

XXXV. The Bishop's Articles against the City to prove that 
the Bishop's Fee is distinct and separate from the 
City ... . 114 

These maters folwyng prove that the Cathedral Churche of 
Excetre and the Cimitere thereof and also the Bysshoppis fee 
there, otherwise called Seynt Stephenys fee, buth distyncte 
and ceparate fro the Cyte of Excetre. 

XXXVI. The Mayor's Answers to the Bishop's Articles of 

Proof ...... 116 

These bene the Aunswerys to the Articulis of Provys y 
putte yn by the [Bysshopp Deane and Chapitre of the] Cathe- 
drall Churche of Exeter ayens the Mayer Baylyfs and [Com- 
minalte of the same Cite to prove that the] seide Cathedrall 
Churche the Cymetere thereof and that [they calle now the 
Bysshoppis fe otherwyse and rather y] called Seynt Stephens 
ys fee and nowe otherwyse they calle [the Bisshoppis fee] 
sholde be ceparate and distyncte away fro the seyd Cytee. 

XXXV.* The Mayor's Answer to the Replication of the Answer 

of the Bishop . . . . .126 

These ben the Answeres of the Mayer Bailliffs and Com- 
minalte of the Cite of Excetre to the Replicacion of the An- 
sweres to the Articlis of Compleyntys of the Right Reverende 
Fader yn God the Bisshop of the Cathedrall Churche of 
Seynt Peter of Excetre, the Dean and Chapitre of the same 
Churche. 



* This and the following Numbers have been inadvertently wrongly printed in 
the text. They should be numbered two on. 



Xll CONTENTS. 



APPENDIX. 

PAGE 

XXXVI. The Mayor and Citizens of Exeter to the King . 133 

Petition praying for the withdrawal of a Privy Seal by 
which the matters in dispute between the Bishop and the 
Dean and Chapter of Exeter and the Mayor and Citizens are 
ordered to be removed out of common law and put to the 
arbitration of the Lord Chancellor and two Justices. 

XXXVII. Bond from the Bishop and the Dean and Chapter 
to stand to the award of the Chancellor and two 
Chief Justices . . . . .135 

XXXVIII. The final Agreement between the Bishop, Dean and 

Chapter, and the Mayor, Bailiffs, and Commonalty . 136 
XXXIX. The Bond to perform the Covenants of the foregoing 

Deed . . . . . .140 

XL. Petition of Shillingford to the Chancellor for aid 

towards the repairing of Exbridge . . .141 

To the most reverend fader in God John Cardynall of 
Engelond and Archebisshop of Yeork. 

XLL Extract from the Mayor's Conrt Eoll, 2324 Hen. 
VI., m. 21, respecting Shillingford' s election as 
Mayor ...... 142 

XLII. Extracts from the Accounts of the Receivers of the 

City of Exeter relating to the suit . . .143 



INTRODUCTION. 



THE Letters and Papers now first published were found dispersed 
among the Archives of the Corporation of Exeter. They now 
consist of broken fragments of what was once a very curious 
collection. Some of the letters were found in the cupboards of the 
old Council Chamber, in the gallery of the Guildhall (now pulled 
down), but a great number had lain for years under the very tiles 
of the Guildhall roof, whence I rescued them from imminent 
destruction from damp, in the course of my task of arranging the 
very valuable and voluminous collection of Archives of the City of 
Exeter. 

They consist of Letters and Papers relating to a suit brought 
against the Mayor and Citizens of Exeter by Edmund Lacy, the 
Bishop, and the Dean and Chapter of Exeter. 

The imperfection of the collection is greatly to be regretted, as 
it is difficult from what remains to obtain a clear idea of the 
progress of the dispute to which it relates. 

The quarrel seems to have been one of long standing, and turned 
upon a matter of great consequence in those days, viz. the respective 
jurisdictions of the Mayor and Corporation, and of the Church. 
The Mayor claimed sole jurisdiction within the whole City, in- 
cluding the Bishop's Palace. The Bishop and Dean and Chapter 
claimed that the Bishop held a fee called the Bishop's Fee, or Saint 

CAMD. SOC. b 



XIV INTRODUCTION. 

Stephen's Fee, separate, distinct from, and out of, the jurisdiction of 
the Mayor. 

The dispute appears to have grown up through a long course of 
years, for we find, as far back as 11 Henry VI., A.D. 1432-3, on 
the Common Pleas Eoll that the Bishop brings his action at 
common law for an infringement of his liberties when the Mayor 
attached two knives in the Bishop's Fee, by colour of a present- 
ment made in the Mayor's Court ; but the immediate ground of 
action was a far more serious offence, and would almost seem to have 
been intended on the part of the City to provoke the suit. On 
Ascension Day, 23 Henry VI. A.D. 1445, the Sergeant-at-Mace 
arrested one John Vouslegh, the servant of John Snetesham, Chan- 
cellor of the Church of Exeter, in the Bishop's Palace, at the suit of 
one William Wynslow, when the said Vouslegh was holding up 
from the ground a golden cope which his master was wearing, 
going in procession of divine service.* At first one was inclined 
to look upon this as an exaggeration on the Bishop's part ; but, as 
the allegation is not denied by the Mayor, we are forced to the con- 
clusion either that the Sergeant was highly indiscreet, or that the 
Mayor intended to bring the question to an issue. The Bishop's 
suit is also brought for the arrest of one John Notte, Clerk in the 
Close, on 14 April, 24 Henry VI., A.D. 1446, at the suit of John 
Huset, skinner, and of Thomas Kene, clerk, on 3 November, 25 
Henry VI., A.D. 1446, at the suit of John Batyn. The damages 
were laid at 1,000. The suit was commenced in Hilary Term, 26 
Henry VI., A.D. 1447. The City appeared and pleaded in Trinity 

* " Quandam capam anream qua idem Magister suus eundo in processionem divini 
servicii tune utebatur ibidem a pulvere terre supportandum." County Placita, Public 
Record Office, Devon, No. 72. 



INTRODUCTION. XV 

Term following, and the suit was then postponed till Hilary Term , 
27 Henry VI., A.D. 1448, when it was appointed to be heard at 
Barnstaple, before Sir Kichard Newton, the Chief Justice of the 
Common Pleas, and Sir Nicholas Ay ssheton, Justice of the Common 
Pleas, on Monday after Saint Lucy the Virgin, 16 December, 1448, 
when a verdict was entered for the Bishop, according to the terms 
of the Agreement printed at p. 136, No. XXXVIII. 

The mayor and citizens do not appear to have been altogether 
the aggressors, but, as the quarrel was an ancient one, difficulties 
were evidently of constant recurrence. It would seem as though 
Shillingford, finding that it was absolutely necessary to bring the 
affairs to a crisis, and so to try the vexed question of jurisdiction to 
the end, had determined to provoke the Church party to a suit. 
We gather from the Articles that the mayor and bailiffs had great 
difficulty in keeping order in the city on account of the division or 
supposed division of the jurisdiction. The Bishop's tenants appear 
to have been great offenders in this particular, and to have defied 
the Mayor's authority. The Mayor's Articles of Complaint show 
that one Hugh Lucays, a tenant of the Bishop's, u the most or one 
of the most mysgoverned man of all the City of Exeter," made 
affray upon one Richard Wode in the High Street and was arrested 
by the Serjeant-at-Mace ; but escaping from his custody he fled to the 
Cathedral, when the City's Officers following him in hot pursuit en- 
tered the Church to bring him forth. There, however, they met with 
opposition from the Canons and Ministers of the Church, who, if we 
are to believe the complaints of the Mayor, proved themselves very 
valiant defenders of the accused, and soundly beat the City's officers, 
defending their man with swords and knives. The prisoner seems 
to have made good his escape. 



XVI INTRODUCTION. 

The suit was postponed from term to term, till the Bishop, finding 
probably that the legal proofs of his claim were weak, procured a 
Privy Seal from the King ordering the matter to be settled by the 
arbitration of the Lord Chancellor Archbishop Kempe, and the two 
Chief Justices, Sir John Fortescue and Sir Richard Newton. This 
proceeding appears to have been equivalent to what is now-a-days 
called referring the matter to a special case or taking the suit from 
Common Law to Chancery. This turn of affairs appears to have 
been hugely unsatisfactory to the Mayor and Citizens, who there- 
upon petitioned the King for the recall of his Privy Seal, stating 
in very plain language that his action in the matter was illegal and 
contrary to the provisions of Magna Charta. (See No. XXXVI.) They 
also petitioned the Lord Chancellor for the same purpose, but to no 
effect. At last the matter was compromised by the award of Sir 
Philip Courtenay and Sir "William Boneville. (No. XXXVIII.) 

The case having got, so to speak, into Chancery, the Articles of 
Complaint, and Answers, Eejoinders, and Replications, Articles of 
Proof, &c., were put in. Such of these as are extant will be 
found printed in Part II. They are very interesting, and again 
it is to be regretted that they are so imperfect. They bear no dates, 
but appear from the evidence of the different letters to have been 
put in at various stages of the case. It is very remarkable that we 
find no mention or notice that evidence or affidavits were taken in 
support of the allegations of these Bills and Answers, the terms of 
which in many places so flatly contradict each other. 

The substance of the Articles is as follows : The Mayor first 
traces the History of the City from ancient British times before the 
coming of Vespasian, showing that it was an old city long before 
the existence of the Cathedral ; and complains of the prevention of 



INTRODUCTION. XV11 

the arrest of Hugh Lucas, as before stated. He also complains that 
the Bishop's tenants refuse to pay the King's dime or tenth and 
other taxes and talliages within the City as parcel of the same; 
that the Bishop's tenants and officers prevented the arrest of a felon ; 
that purprestures and encroachments had been made in a street 
called Fish Street, contrary to a composition made between the 
Bishop's predecessors and the City ; that they had also made a pur- 
presture in the High Street, by building stalls sixty feet long and 
three feet broad, in front of a tenement belonging to them, which 
is now the house of Messrs. Green and Co. the drapers; also that 
the Dean and Chapter had shut the doors of the cloister and 
stopped a common way to a place called " the Praiell, the whiche 
ys comyn sepulture whenne the cymytere standeth pollute," and 
the cloister, " a place of praier and devocyon topraie for alle sawlys 
was bonys lieth yn the said cloyster and praiell." The Mayor also 
charges the Church party with setting fire to a timber-stack to 
endeavour to burn part of the City, and then endeavouring to 
" dysclaundre " the citizens by saying they tried to burn the Cathe- 
dral ; also that postern-doors have been made in the town walls, in 
the Archdeacon's gardens, which are not kept according to the com- 
position thereupon made, and that by these gates " full ungodely 
cariage as suspecious men and wymmen have be ladde yn and oute, 
and divers men that should have be arest conveyed away by that 
wey." Also that filth and rubble is thrown into a lane at the back 
of the Archdeacon's houses leading to the town walls, whereby 
the road is impassable, the gutters choked, and much damage done. 
Also that the Dean and Chapter have broken the lock of the broad 
gate at Freron Lane end into Strike Street, and made them " such 



XV111 INTRODUCTION. 

lok and keye as them luste to have made thereto atte their pleiser," 
whereby " full ungodely cariage " is also carried in and out, " as 
suspecious men and wymmen, mennys wyvis and servantes specially ; 
who to whom and where hit sholde be write yf honeste were ; " and 
that the noise was so great at night from a tavern called Bevys or 
Beaufitz Tavern, that the citizens could not sleep ; that the Bishop 
by his officers hears actions in his courts which ought to be heard 
by the Mayor and Bailiffs; that wine was constantly sold in the 
Canons' houses contrary to the ordinance of the City and the King's 
l( Cry;" and, worse than that, " ofte tymes hath he found corrupte 
wyn not hole for mannys body dampnabill and shold have be 
dampned and caste yn the canell," but which was carried to Topsham, 
reshipped to Bordeaux, " there to be put and melled with nywe wyn, 
as hit shall be well proved yf nede be." The Bishop, Dean, and 
Chapter answer the Mayor's Complaints denying the allegations con- 
tained in them, and saying that all the trouble com eth ; principally 
by the " wilfulle laboure of John Shillyngford nowe being Maier, in 
whoos tyme ever hast be grete trowbill to the grete hurte and losse 
of the saide Church and Citee." With respect to the cloister, they 
say that the doors were shut because " ungodly ruled peple, most 
custumabely yong peple of the saide comminalte within the saide 
cloistre, have exercised unlawful games, as the toppe-queke, penny- 
pry kke, and most atte tenys, by the which the walles of the saide 
cloistre have been defowled and the glas wyndowes all to brost.'' 
As to the disturbance at Bevys Tavern, they say that the tavern is 
in the Mayor's jurisdiction not theirs, and that it is his part, " if any 
suche misrule and bawdry be," if he be clear in his own person, to 
amend it, and that they know no such misruled person as " he that 



INTRODUCTION. XIX 

is the cause and yever of ensample to all such mysgovernance," 
meaning Shillingford a retort which he appears to have taken 
very philosophically, as will be seen in his letters about it at 
page 16. 

The Mayor rejoins to the Bishop's answers generally upholding 
his previous allegations, and saying, as to his living, that " God wote 
who ys clere of his living, quia nemo sine crimine vivit," and prays 
his accusers to see their own defaults : " and he that fyndeth himself 
clere, caste he the furst ston as yn the Gospell." After the Replica- 
tions, Articles of Proof were put in by the Bishop to prove his 
title to his Fee, which were answered by the City. (See pp. 1 14-125.) 
The Bishop also put in Articles of Complaint which were answered 
by the City, replied to by the Bishop, and the Replications rejoined 
to by the City. Of these, unfortunately, only the Rejoinders are 
extant; they are printed at p. 126. It does not appear whether 
they were put in before or after those of the Mayor and 
Citizens. 

It was while these Articles and Answers were being agreed upon 
that Shillingford wrote the remarkable letters and petition which 
form the first part of this volume. 

They are amongst the earliest specimens of English private cor- 
respondence that exist, and may fairly be considered as amongst the 
most remarkable. The peculiarly minute manner in which Shil- 
lingford describes all his proceedings, giving the " ipsissima verba " 
of his conversations, and noting all small incidents of the inter- 
views at which he was present, are sufficient alone to recommend 
them to the student. The life-like description of the scene at his 
meeting the Lord Chancellor " at the steire foot coming from the 



XX INTRODUCTION. 

Sterre Chamber, goyng into his barge " (p. 6), that of his presenting 
his candle on Candlemas Day (p. 37), might make fit subjects for 
an artist. The description of Shillingford's interview and con- 
versation with the Chief Justice "after mete," and the learned 
manner in which he argued the case (pp. 9-11), will be found 
interesting, as well as his report of the hearing of the proceedings 
before the Chancellor and the Justices, where my Lord took his 
chair, and " both parties with their consell kneled before," when 
the Chancellor jokes Shillingford about his allegation in his Articles 
of Complaint that Vespasian besieged Exeter, and failed to take it, 
but afterwards was able to take Jerusalem, and there sold thirty 
Jew's heads for a penny. The Chancellor indeed seems to have 
been a man of a merry turn of mind, for on another occasion (p. 19) 
we find him talking of u matters of dysporte," and, when Shillingford 
presented him his candle on Candlemas Day, he received him " with 
laghynge chere." Shillingford appears throughout to haVe been in 
high favour with the Chancellor, and his treatment of him on all 
occasions shows a marked inclination towards the City's side of the 
question. 

The Articles and Answers published in Part II. will be parti- 
cularly interesting to the people of Exeter, and though, unhappily, 
imperfect, they show the nature of the quarrel, and give an odd 
illustration of the relations between the burgesses of the time and 
the Clergy and persons of higher social position. The reader will 
find, both in the Letters and the Articles, numerous passages 
which will afford an illustration most rarely to be met with of the 
inner life of the people at the period, and give a curious picture of 
what may be called a Town and Gown row of the fifteenth century. 



INTRODUCTION. XXI 

The Philological student will find here much matter of in- 
struction, especially in such of the papers as exist both in draft and 
fair copy, the various readings of which have been given in the 
foot-notes. From these he may trace the train of thought which 
was passing in the mind of the writer, and may observe the changes 
of the phrases which sprang from the changing ideas of the writer 
during the composition of his letters, as well as the modifications of 
expression frequently used. 

Shillingford appears to have been wise in his generation to have 
prosecuted his suit through the stomach as well as through the ears 
of his judges: at p. 9 we find that, hearing the Chancellor had 
asked the Justice to dinner to talk over the case, " seyng he should 
have a dish of salt fish," Shillingford sent him " two stately tench, 
and two stately pickerells," which, he tells his fellows. " came in gode 
season, for the Duke of Buckingham and the Markis of Sowthfolke, 
and other Bysshopps divers dined with my Lord that day." We see 
also at p. 23 how enraged he was 'at the delay made by one Germyn 
in sending some " buckhern " or pilchards, to be presented to the 
Chancellor, and Germyn's neglect has furnished us with a most 
remarkable passage to occur in such a correspondence. 

The extracts from the Receiver's Accounts, printed in the Ap- 
pendix, also show us that several other presents were given to the 
Chancellor and other persons, and they certainly prove that law- 
suits in the fifteenth century were at least as costly as they now are. 

The Bishop's title to his fee would seem, from a perusal of the 
papers and copies of evidence produced by the Bishop, to have been 
a very uncertain one, and hence it doubtless was that the Bishop 
was induced to procure the Royal Charter referred to at p. 77, 

CAMD. SOC. C 



XXll INTRODUCTION. 

granting him a view of frank pledge, and other liberties in the 
churchyard. This is the Charter which the Bishop covenants 
to get cancelled in the final agreement, No. XXXVIII., and it 
was doubtless argued that the King had no power to make such 
a grant, as it would be in derogation of his previous grant of 
jurisdiction to the City. The Mayor showed very long user of his 
jurisdiction by extracts from the City Court Rolls and other records, 
and argued that the Bishop had no court leet or jurisdiction, nor 
never had used such a jurisdiction, quoting Domesday in support of 
his argument. In fact there is no doubt that the Mayor had a good 
case, and hence his anxiety to have it tried at common law, 
where he would be free from all influence, and more likely to 
get an honest verdict than if his case were determined by higher 
judges, who were more likely to be influenced by interest than a 
jury. 

Shillingford, the author of the bulk of these Papers, seems to have 
been a person of good repute and fame in Exeter at the time of 
his election, for it would appear that, after having served in various 
capacities in the City for some years, he was desirous of avoiding 
the office of Mayor but was compelled to take it by special mandate of 
the King. Thence we may infer that his reputation was more than 
local, or that, knowing the issue shortly to be tried between the 
City and the Church, pressure was put upon Shillingford to accept 
the Mayoralty in order to insure a good man being appointed to 
conduct the affairs of the City at so serious a crisis. He appears 
to have been a member of a very ancient family settled at the 
village of Shillingford a few miles from Exeter ; but he certainly 
was a trader and had a dwelling-house at Exeter as well as at 



INTRODUCTION. XX111 

Shillingford.* John Vowell, alias Hooker, the well-known editor 
of Holinshed's Chronicle, the Historian of Exeter, of Sir George 
Carew, &c., has the two following passages respecting Shillingford 
in his unpublished Memorials or Annals of the City of Exeter in 
the possession of the Corporation: " 1444. The xxiij yere of Kynge 
Henry the VI th . M d . that John Shillingford being elected and 
chosen to be Mayer for the yere dyd refuse to be sworne and to 
take th'office upon him, whereupon advertysement was made unto 
the King and Counsel!, and then a write under the Privie Seale 
was directed and sent to the sayde John requiringe and com- 
maundinge him upon the payne of one thowsand powndes to take 
the office upon him and to exequute the same: who accordinglye 
upon the Moneday next after the Feaste of S* Valentyne, at too of 
the clocke of the afternone, came to the Gwyldhall, and there was 

* I am indebted to Mr. Nichols for a note of a MS. sold by Kerslake at Bristol in 
1862, written possibly by the father or some other relative of our author. The 
title of it is as follows : 

Kerslake's Catalogue, Bristol, 1862. 

3511. ANCIENT DEVON MANUSCRIPT: A. thick volume written by John 
SHILLYNGFORD, Sector of Shillingford to 1392 & Hector of Ugborough, & 
Canon of Exeter. 4to. in the original wood covers, with most of the deer-shin 
covering remaining. 

Contains, 1. Memoriale Presbyterorum Parochialum. (Instructions for Con- 
fessing Persons of the different callings and ranks of life; the various penances for 
every sin; Forms of Absolution and Restitution ; with Resolutions of Cases, &c., as 
practised by the Parish Clergy in the Ancient Church of England.) 

2. A vellum leaf with List of Saints, &c.. " v to Jd 9 februarij ob. dn's Joh'es 
Fowler." " Aue regina celor." a Hymn with Music. 

3. Extracts from various authors, also Latin Rhymes. 

4. Here bigynnyith ye lamentacoun of our lady seynt marye. A tract in English. 

5. Many other pieces. Rhymes, " a prest .... cunsel of schrifte .... he ne oght 
it for to telle," & others in English and Latin. 

6. Viridarium super octo Psalmos, & Exposition of the Creed. 

" Anno dni mill'o ccc. Nonogesimo . t'tio . in festo sti michael 
magister Johes Shillyngford Doctor in iure." 



XXIV INTRODUCTION. 

sworne ; and, thouglie at the first w th an evell will, yet yn thende dyd 
performe it very well." He was Mayor also in 1446 and 1447, 
under which year we have in Hooker's MS. : " M d . that this John 
Shillingford the Mayere was a very wyse man and lerned yn the 
Lawes of the Realme, bold and sturdie, and yn his governement 
very just and upright ; and so well he dyrected the same to the 
beneffite of the common welthe of this Citie as few before hym dyd 
it better : In his tyme was the longe and troblesome suete betwene 
Edmond Lacy the Bishop and the Deane and Chapter agaynst the 
Mayer and Communalte of this Citie concerninge theire lyberties, w ch 
suete this Shillingfford dyd followe very carefully and diligently, and 
by the meanes thereof and also by reason of his acquentaunce w th the 
Lord Chancellor and the Counsell, his suetes were the better con- 
sidered. The same at lengthe was refferred to arbytrament, and then 
to be fynally and for evere ended. In this Mayer's tyme Exebrydge 
was yn greate ruyn and decaye, the stone-worke beinge muche 
foundred and the higher parte beinge all of tymber was consumed 
and worne out : And this man beinge of good credyte and acquentance 
w th John Kempe then Archebisshop of Yorke and Cardynall, and 
one of the executors to Henry Beawford, Cardynall and Bisshop of 
Wynchester, who for his welthe was called the Riche Cardynall, 
to this John Kemp, the Archebosshop, John ShillingfFord made an 
ernest sute and supplication for some releffe and contrybution 
towardes the new buyldinge of Exebridge, and was promysed the, 
same ; but, before the mony was payed, John Shillingford dyed, 
and the monye never receved." (See p. 141.) 

Hooker, who had carefully studied all these papers of Shilling- 
ford's, and whose handwriting appears on the indorsement of each, 
would seem to have had good reason for his praise of the sturdy and 



INTRODUCTION XXV 

manly character of our author. That he was a man of no small 
attainments in matters of learning fully appears from his letters, and 
the evident friendship shown him by the Chancellor would not 
have been given to any ordinary Mayor. His letters teem with 
illustrations of his sturdy spirit, but it is most fully shown in the 
passage erased, on second thoughts, from the end of his draft letter 
(No. VII. p. 24) to one of the Bishop's counsel, where he declares 
that he will not be put down by " noo grete dedes of malyce, dys- 
claundres, longage writyngs, ne settyng up of bulles," &c., but will 
be " oo man and the same man that he has been." His witty up- 
braiding of one Germyn for his slothfulness in sending up some 
" bukhern," or fish, which was intended as a present for the Chan- 
cellor (p. 23), is perhaps the most curious passage in the volume ; 
and his defence of his private conduct, against the libellous alle- 
gations of his opponents (p. 16), gives us a quaint picture of the 
sturdy Englishman trusting in his good cause, and yet not ashamed 
to own his faults. The libel in question, which was contained in 
the Bishop's Answers, gave great offence to the Chancellor, who, on 
hearing of it, took the Answer, and " rased hit as it plesed hym w th 
his owne handys/' in the presence of the Bishop's counsel, who, says 
Shillingford, were "yvell pleased and pay de therwith," as well they 
might be. The manner in which he gives the broadest of hints to 
his fellows at Exeter to send him money (p. 16) is very charac- 
teristic. Physically he must have been a strong and hearty man, for 
we find that he usually rode from Exeter to London in three or 
four days. 

I regret that I have been unable, for want of leisure, to work out 
the history of this Correspondence, and those whom it mentions, 
more fully. That task I must leave to the future student of these 



XXVI INTRODUCTION. 

Papers. My thanks are due to the Mayor and Corporation of 
Exeter for their kindness in lending me the original MSS. and 
especially to the Town Clerk, Mr. W. Denis Moore, for many 
useful hints, and much kind assistance, both during this my 
pleasant task and my more laborious one of arranging the voluminous 
and magnificent archives of his City. 

STUART A. MOORE. 

Greenhithe, Kent, July 1871. 



PART I. 
LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFOED. 



LETTEES OF JOHN SHILLINGFOBD. 



i. 

PETITION TO THE LORD CHANCELLOR. 

The Mayor and Commonalty had a day to appear before the Chancellor, and have kept it 
according to the King's commandment, and also have put in articles, answers, and 
rejoinders, and done all things that they ought to do. Prays that the matter may 
be ended.* 

Unto the Ryght Reverend Fader yn God and Blessed Lord John 
Archebysshop of Canterbury, Prymate and Chaunceller of 
Engelond. 

Bysekyth yow full mykely John Shillyngford now beyng Mayer 
of the cy te of Exetre yn name of hymself as mayer and alle the hole 
comminalte of the seyde cyte, youre owne puple and true bedmen, 
and at alle tymes at youre commandement as most specyall lorde 
after the Kynge our soverayn lord, consyderyng the gode and 
gracyous lordship and endyfferency that they fynde yn yow that they 
have moste feyth hope and truste ther yn, and that y dar well seye 
by my trauthe; that hit please b youre gode and gracyous lordship to 
be remembred of the grete mater c bytwene the Ryght Reverend 
Fader yn God, and gode blessed man yn hymself, d Edmund Bysshop 
of the Cathedrall Church of Excetre, the Deane and the Chapytre of 
the same churche, and the mayer and the comminalte of the seyde 
cyte, the whiche mater came before yow and the two Chif Justises 
by the sywte ynstance and laboure of the seyde bysshop deane and 

The draft of this petition exists; a collation of it is given in the following notes. It 
is there called B. 

b B. begins here with " Please hit yn to your right gode and gracious lordship." 
c mater " mater hongyng yn debate." B. 
d hymsolf " yf he most be," inserted in B. 
CAMD. SOC. B 



2 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

cliapitre yn to the higlinesse of oure soverayne lorde the Kynge 
made; by whas ryglit high and ferfull commandement by his a 
letters under his privy seell, we the mayer and comminalte hadde 
day to appere before yow, whiche day we kepte and apperyd and 
didde and demenyd us that day and evere sythenys yn fulfyllynge 
of the Kynges commandement, as we truste to God ye woll reporte 
us, and yet buth redy to do the same as we aughte to do. Nerthelez 
atte begynnyng of thys mater comyng to fore yow yn revelucion 
the b mayor and comminalte, as they darst, sywed unto you my 
lord chaunceller by supplycacion to have be descharged and dys- 
myssed as the law wolde, and have hadde the maters to have be 
determyned atte comyn law; bot when your gracyous lordship b so 
beynge enfourmed of the Kynges wyll, whiche was to us ryght a high 
and ferfull commandement, that c we darst so not, but wyth ryght 
gode wyll at alle tymes obeyed us c to abyde suche rule as the Kynge 
by his seyde letters apoynted us to ; whereupon we sythenys wyth 
grete coste have labored and at alle tymes have be redy and yet buth 
to bryng yn dyvers evydencys and munimentys concernynge oure 
ryght title and clayme of franchises and libertees of the seyd cyte as 
the Kynges seyde commandement woll, d by the specyall sywte yn- 
stance and laboure of the seyde bysshop, deane and chapytre. Also 
we have made and putte yn before your gode lordshipp articles, 
answers, rejoynders, e and alle other thyngs that we aughte to do. 

a bis omit, B. b the to lordship We by your gracious lordship, B. 

c that to us " we for drede levyng the comyn lawe and the benefice therof whiche we 
as J>e kinges true lege men buth an habited ther yn with right gode will obeyed and 
boundon us." B. 

d woll, B ends as follows. " as hit is comprehended and appereth yn oure articles and 
shorte entitelynges of oure evidences y putyn before your gode lordshippis, to the whiche 
we buth not yet answered all be hit that we have answered and buth redy to answere to 
alle and every their articulis of evidences whiche they have put yn. Also we have put yn 
before your gode lordship answeres to their articulis of compleyntes and rejoynders to the 
same, and yf any thyng lacke we buth redy to performe hit. And so we truste to God we 
have do all thynge that we aughte to do to prove openly and clerely oure entent the con- 
trary of theire claymes." B. 

e For these "articles, answers, replications," see Part II. post. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 3 

And yf eny thyng lakke we butli redy perfourme hit. So as we truste 
to God we have do and shall do all thyngs that longeth to cure 
part for to do, bysekyng yow of youre gode and gracyous lordshyp 
that the other party do the same for their part, or ellys to be con- 
cluded, and thus ye shall have the maters of bothe parties in know- 
liche. and the ryght openly to appere. And therapon that hit like 
your gode and gracyous lordship to make and end after the Kynges 
commandement, calling to you the two chefe justises; and yf eny 
party be found yn defaute, so to be conceyved, ruled, and reported to 
the Kyng oure soverayn lorde, and that for the love of God and yn 
wey of chary te. a 



IL 
SHILLINGFORD TO HIS FELLOWS AT EXETER. [Draft Letter.] 

He left Exeter on Friday, and came to London on Tuesday at seven o'clock, and laboured 
to make answer to the articles, which he sends for approval. 

Worthy sires y grete yow well alle; doyng yow to understonde 
that y rode fro Excetre on Fryday and cam to London on Tywys- 
day by tyme at vii atte cloke ; and ther sithenys have full bisily 
labored to make an answere to the articulys. b The cause of so longe 
taryng yn makyng of the answers hath be for right grete bysynes y* 
Alisaunder Hody hath hadde aboute his awne maters; netheles by 
the avys of Alisaunder Hody and Dowrisshe and Eoger Eawly, 
[they] beth made as may be yn so shorte tyme, trustyng to God 
that al the substance ys comprehended ther ynne, so that what tyme 

a This document is indorsed in a hand of Elizabeth's time" Anno Regis Henrici 
Sexti vicesimo quarto." 

b articulys. i.e. the Articles of Proof. See Part II. 

maters after this there was originally " w* owte wham y cowde not well labore 
w l oute much more tarynge." 



4 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

hit is amended, corected and made by avys of counseyll to be right 
well; of the whiche answeris so shortely made y sende to yow ij. 
copies, oon to be send to the Kecorder yn hast yf hit may be for 
shortenys of tynie, &c., that other copy to abide w t yow, prayng 
yo w Thomas Cook most specially w* the lu tenaunt, callyng to yow 
William Noble, Coteler, Druell, and other wham ye seme is to be 
don, and that this answer be sadly over seyn; and yf eny thyng be 
ther yn to myche or to litell yn substance to sette the penne to 
sadly , a This don y pray yow to calle be fore yow atte halle b the 
substance of the comminalte, praynge every of tham yn my name 
and chargyng tham yn )?e most streytest wyse yn the Kynges 
byhalf to come to fore yow yn haste for the tydyngs that y have 
sent home to yow ; and that ye wysely declare to fore tham these 
answers ; so that they sey manly yee and nay yn suche poyntes as 
yow thynke to be don, &c. and J> 1 ]?ey wyll abide by j> e answers yn 
all wyse, and that labo 1 " and spekyng be before to that entent. This 
don y pray yow that y have a gode man sende to me yn hast. 



III. 

SHILLINGFORD TO HIS FELLOWS. [Draft Letter.] London, 
Oct. 30th, 1447. 

On 16th Oct. 1447, Richard Druell and Harry Dobyn, rode out of Exeter to London, to 
keep the appearance for the city in the Quinzaine S. Michael. The Mayor left Oct. 
24, and reached Shaftesbury on Wednesday night. On Saturday 28 Oct. he came 
to London and saw the Lord Chancellor. He describes his reception and interview. 
On Sunday 29 Oct. he had another interview with the Chancellor, and also with the 
Chief Justice, and again with the Chancellor. 

Memo d that on Monedey next before the feste of Seynt Luke c 
the yere of the regne of the kyng that now is xxvj (Henry VI.) 

a Originally " to sette to the penne sadly." b halle " in my name," erased. 

c 16 Oct. 1447. N.B. This was written by Shillingford, as later on he takes up the 
first person. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 5 

Richard Druell, William Speere and Henry Dobyn w* ham rode 
oute of Exceter to London-ward for nedes of the cite, that is to seye 
to kepe the dey of apparence atte xv. of Seynt Michall as the cite 
was bounde to, as hit appereth by a bounde condycionell, havyng 
w* ham sufficiant power and the comyn seell and xl s. of John Shil- 
lingford, Mayer, and xx s. of John Germyn, for their coustages; 
and so departed the seyde Monedey yerly. And as tochyng the 
seyde xl s. w* xl s. more that the seyde John Mayer payed to Trevy- 
lian, he was payed ay en by the feloship of the collecte mony to the 
plee, &c. How the seyde Richard Druell and William Speere 
spedde when they came to London hit appereth yn a sedule by the 
sayde Richard Druell and William Speer therof made, remaynyng 
w* the [seyde] Rychard Druell. Forthermore as tochyng the goynge 
of the seyde John Shillyngforde, mayer, he was all redy for to ride 
the seide Monedey : varians y moved bytwene hym and the seyde 
Richard Druell, nerthelez better accorde hadde by mene of Tho- 
mas Cook, Richard Druell w* other held his wey, and the seyde 
mayer abode at home yn to a tuysday next after Seynt Luke is dey a 
for settyng of the kynges dyme, comyng of Trevylian, and other 
grete maters toching the cite, and yn especiall to have the feloship 
togeder, a sadde communicacion to be had or his departyng, the 
whiche communicacion myght not be had before Saterdey next after 
Seynt Luke is dey b for this cause that the grete part of the feloship 
was at Calston is fayre, and thoo that war at home, as Upton, Cote- 
ler and Pope, were syke on theire beddes ; and for alle these causes 
the mayer abode at home so longe, and all that tyme he kepte his 
iij. hors yn stabill every dey redy to ride to hym grete coste. The 
tuysday c he rode and w* hym William Hampton and John Fagot. 
On Wendysdey d at nyght they came to Sheftesbery and there mette 
w* Richard Druell, whiche made reporte of his gode spede and grete 
laboure at London, as hit appereth yn his sayde remembrance, and 
that on the beste w_yse. The Saterdey e next ther after the mayer 

* 24 Oct. 1447. b 21 Oct. 1447. c 24 Oct. 1447. d 25 Oct. 1447. e 28 Oct. 1447. 



6 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

came to Westminster sone apon ix. atte belle, and ther mette w t 
my lorde Chaunceller atte brode dore a litell fro the steire f'ote 
comyng fro the Sterre chamber, y a yii the courte and by the dore 
knellyng and salutyng hym yn the moste godely wyse that y cowde 
and recommended yn to his gode and gracious lordship my feloship 
and all the comminalte, his awne peeple and bedmen of the Cite of 
Exceter. He seyde to the mayer ij. tymes " Well come," and the 
iij de . tyme " Eight well come Mayer," and helde the mayer a grete 
while faste by the honde, and so went forth to his barge and w* hym 
grete presse, lordis and other, &c. and yn especiall the tresorer of 
the kynges housholde^ w l wham he was at right grete pryvy com- 
municacion. And ther for y, mayer, drowe me apart, and mette w* 
hym at his goyng yn to his barge, and ther toke my leve of hym, 
seyyng these wordis, u My lord, y wolle awayte apon youre gode 
lordship and youre better leyser at another tyme." He seyde to me 
ayen, " Mayer, y pray yow hertely that ye do so, and that ye speke 
w* the Chief Justyse and what tyme that ever he will y woll be all 
redy." And thus departed, &c. The Soneday b abowte viij. atte 
clokke y came to Lambeth, and w* me Dowrissh and Speere to myte 
and speke w* my seyd lord. We mette and spake w* hym yn the 
ynner chamber, he at that tyme beyng right bysy goynge yn to his 
closet. And w* right gode longage and gode chere yn godely wyse 
exscused hym that he myght not speke w* ous atte that tyme for 
grete bysynes, and comaunded ous to come ayen the morun. Y, 
mayer, prayed hym of oo a worde at that tyme and no more, y seyyng 
that y was enfourmed that he was dysplesed of my late comyng, and 
yf he so were, y bysoghte hym to hire myne excuse grete. He 
seyde " Nay ;" but that y was come yn right gode tyme and well 
come, and at his departyng yn to his closet he seide, " Mayer, wolde 
God ye hadde made a gode ende at home." And y seide, " Wolde 
God my lord that we so hadde, and God y take to recorde y have 
done my due dilygent part therto, and that yn tyme y truste to God 
ye shall well knowe ; for y have right meny thyng to enfourme yow 

* Note that here Shillingford takes the first person. b 29 Oct. 1447. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 7 

of yf y hadde tyme." He seide " Well, mayer," and bade me come 
ay en that same dey afternone, and so departed, &c. Y was by the 
Styward and meny other of the housholde full fayre y bede to abide 
atte mete, ne never hadde better chere a of my lorde ne of the hous- 
hold then y hadde atte tyrne. Netheiiez y exscused me and wold 
not abide as for tyme. And so went over the water to Temple to 
Bluet, &c. and so went w* Bluet, Dowrissh, Speere and y to the 
chief justice and comyned of meny thynges w* hym. He is like as 
y conceve to have the grete rule yn this mater, for my lorde Chaun- 
celler seide, as hit is aboveseid, that he wolde attende when the 
justyse wolde, the whiche y seide to the justyse. The justyse 
seyde he wold be aredy at his callyng. And as y conceve by 
dyvers wordes that they have comyned of a rule yn this mater; 
what ever hit be y can not wyte as yet. God eve b grace hit be 
gode, and so y truste to God that hit be. That afternone y went 
ayeii to Lambeth to my lord after his commaundement aboveseid and 
when y come thider to hym yn to his ynner chamber, there was 
myche peeple, lordes and other, my lord Tresorer, under Tresorer, 
the pryvy seel, land dyvers abbottes and pry ours, and meny strangers 
aleyns of other londj^s. And then came yn the Duke of Bokyngham, 
and ther was grete bysynes at that tyme, hardly alle men were bede 
to avoyde that chamber saaf the lordes. Nerthelez y awayted my 
tyme and put me yn presse and went right to my lorde Chaunceller 
and seide, " My lorde y am come at youre commaundement, but y 
se youre grete bysynesse is suche that ye may not attende." He 
seide " Noo. d by his trauthe and that y myght right well se/' Y seide 
" Yee, and that y was sory and hadde pyty of his grete vexacion." 
He seide " Mayer, y moste to morun ride 6 by tyme to the Kyng, and 
come ayen this wyke : ye most awayte apon my comyng, and then y 
woll speke w i the justise and attende for yow, &c. Y seide, " My 
lorde, y woll do after youre commaundement," and prayed hym of hys 
gode and gracyous lordship of oo worde more, yf he were enfourmed 

chere chese MS. b eve first written " yeve" and altered to "eve." 

c 29 Oct. 1447. d Noo first written " nay." right MS. 



LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

by worde or by wrytyng of eny thyng that y have do or seyde or 
governed me yn eny wyse at home si then the last terme my depart- 
yng fro hym other wyse then to his plesure and after his com- 
maundement. He seyde right hertly le Nay," but that y hadde 
governed me at home yn the most best and godely wyse and therfor 
he oowde me grete thanke, and seide hertely that y sholde have 
Goddes blessyng and his therfor, &c. And so departed, &c. 

Nota that Druell and Speere is beyng afore dide gode, for they 
dide theire part yn the most best wyse. 



IV. 
SHILLINGFORD TO HIS FELLOWS. London, 2 Nov. 1447. 

He has made a present of fish to the Chancellor. The cause was adjourned till Saturday. 
He has spoken about it to the Justice, who urges him to make a composition, which 
Shillingford refuses to initiate. The cause was again adjourned till Monday, when it 
came before the Chancellor and the two Justices. He describes the proceedings mi- 
nutely. On Tuesday All Hallows Eve he received the Answers to the City's Articles 
in which he is greatly libelled, desires money may be sent him, that the answers may 
be well understood and replied to, and that the Black Roll a may be sent him. 

[Worthy b Sires, as yn the other letter &c. y grete yow w]eli 
alle. Yn the whiche letter y wrote to yow that y hadde a dey to 

a Black Roll. This was a roll containing the Customs of the City of Exeter. It was 
considered of great authority and value, and on it the Mayors were sworn. It was lent to 
Sir William Cecil in the reign of Edward VI., and is stated by Izacke (Memorials of 
Exeter, p. 95) and by Oliver (History of Exeter, p. 309) never to have been returned. 
JL. a paper dated 1 March, 1552-3, entitled " Remembrances for the Parliament," occurs 
*he following memorandum about it : " Item to speke to Mr. Cicell for the Blake rolle 
which Griffyn leyfft in his custody." [Letters, &c. among the Archives of the Corpo- 
ration, No. 31.] It was delivered to Grffin Amerideth 22 Dec. 1 Edvv. VI. (Act Book, 
ii. p. 88), but it had found its way back to Exeter in the first year of James I., for there is 
in the Act Book of that year (vi. p. 59) an order " that the Blacke rolle shall be broght 
" into the Council Chamber, and Mr. Chamberleyn shall write oute of the said roll into 
" some booke in the Chamber fitt for the sam, such speciall thynges therein contained 
" as shall be necessary, and he to be allowed for his peynes therein." Neither the copy 
nor the original can now be found. 

b The original of this letter and part of the draft are extant ; the words in brackets are 
filled in from the draft, called B. for the purpose of collation. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 9 

appere before the lordis for [oure mater the Fridey next ther after; 
and for as moche as] my lord Chaunceller bade the Justyse to dyner a 
ayenst that same day for [oure mater, seyyng that he sholde have a 
dys] of salt fisshe ; y hiryng this, y didde as. me thoght aughte to be 
done, and by avys [of the Justise and of oure counseill, and sende] 
thider that day ij. stately pikerellis and ij. stately tenchis, for the 
whiche my [lord Chaunceller eowde right grete thank]ys and made 
right moche therof hardely; for hit came yn gode seson, b for my 
lordis [the Duke of Bokyngham, the Markis] of South folk e and other, 
Bysshoppis divers dyned with my lord Chaunceller tha[t dey. But] 
as touchyng the laboure and spede of oure mater that day, hit was 
by my seide lorde ajorned over ynto the [morun] Saterdey for these 
causis that a grete disputacion was be fore my lorde yn his chapell 
at Lambeth for pre[chyng of] Bysshoppis. And the seide lordis that 
same Friday were there at diner. c And the Justise came not there 
that day ; but the same Friday after mete y was with the Justise by d 
longe tyme and yn gode leisure to comyne of oure mater. Y fynde 
hym a gode man and well willed yn oure right, and like to have the 
grete rule of the mater, as yn the other letter. And he bade me 
move of some gode meene to ende the mater. Y seide ayen, savyng 
his commaundement, y cowde no skyll theryn ne to speke ne move 
of menys, 6 ne hit was not my part so to do ; for hit wolde seme if y 
so didde, that y hadde doute of oure right, where y have right none, 
but we woll dwelle and abide thereapoun and go no ferther; but 
if eny man wolde move of eny meene, hit was my part to hire and 
so to reporte, &c. But furthermore y seide that fro ij. thyngis w* 
oure gode will we wolde never departe; that the churche and cimi- 
tere, as f that they calle synt Stevyn is fe, is parcel of the cite and 
ever hath be and shall be ; and that we have a vy w and alle that 
to belongeth, and they right none, ne never hadde ne shall * have but 

a dyner written " mete" in B. and altered. b seson ceson, B, 

f originally "mete " in B. and altered. d by omit B. e of menys omit B. 

f as and, B. K shall sholde, B. 

CAM1). SOC. C 



10 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

ever w* ynne the jurisdiccion and under the correccion and punyssh- 
ment of the cite, &c. He seide that they claymed a viw and that 
they hadde used moche thyng, &c. and he seide hit was aunsion de- 
raene. And y seide nay, and proved hit by Domesday, and so were 
on grete argamentes by longe tyme, to longe to write : all hit was to 
tempte me w i laghynge chere, Y seide they hadde no more but 
sympell Court Baron, if they so hadde. He seide that every man 
myght have of his awne tenantis and aske no man no leve, &c. Y 
seide how sholde they have more; they have no a olde grauntis of 
kynges, ne clayme none allowance yn Eyere, ne instrument to do 
punysshement of that that longethe to a lete. He seide hit was a fe 
called of olde tyme. Y seide yee, as suche fees as beth ther on 
towne, and reherced hym of vij. and that alle were parcell of the 
cite : and among other y rehersed hym of Seynt Nicholas fe. He 
seide lete the Bisshoppis fe be as Seynt Nicholas fe is. Y seide, if 
hit pleased hym, nay, hit myght not be so ; for Seynt Nicholas fe, y 
called Haroldis fe, is b graunt of olde kyngis and confirmaciouns, &c. 
He seide the Bisshop hadde the same Y seide nay that I never 
knyw ne sigh, c and if that they so hadde, lete hit be shewed and 
but hit be answered hit sholde ende the mater. Then he moved of 
divers menys and abstynance of arestis. Y seide when the last grete 
debate was of the suburbis w* oute Este yeate, of whiche debate he 
was cause of an ende by a recompence, atte ende of whiche mater 
hit was desired for to have d an abstynance, but none y graunted but 
under this fourme, that the Maier that tyme beyng, and every man 
that hadde be Maier and like to be Maier, promysed on his feith to 
forbere of arestis on the Churche for certyn ouris, alle that they 
myght godely, and sithenes hadde they no cause resonable to com- 
plaine ; and y seide this was a grete thynge as me thoght. He seide 
nay for that that sholde be attis tyme sholde be do by writynge for 
a perpetual pees. Then he asked of me of this mene ; if we wolde 
absteyne us and forbere of arrestis of alle men of habite e servantis 
familiars knawed without any fraude generally. Y seide, if hit 

a no nother, B. b is and. B. c sigh segh. B. d have have hadde, B. 
e habite abyte, B. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 11 

pleased hym, nay; for hit was better the last terme before this, that 
we sholde forbere of arrestis but yn tyme of doyng of divine servys 
of men of habite, servantis familiars and theire BaillyfFs knawed, &c. 
and of alle other as on Sent Paull is Chirche at London. He seide hit 
was soth, and asked ayen if we wold a forbere and absteyne and be re- 
compensed therfor, and we to have the viw and alle that longeth therto 
generally, as well on the fe as, &c. and so to make arrestis w* ynne the 
fe, as y conceved hym, and to forbere alle other arrestis V ynne his 
tenementis of the seide fe and to be recompensed &c. and the Bisshop 
to have his courtis of his awne tenantis and to holde plees of gretter 
somme thenne b Court Baron xl s. and spake of xl. marke. Apon 
this mene he stiked faste, and thoghte c hit was resonable and ever 
asked of me divers tymes what y wolde seye therto, all as y conceve d 
to tempte me, and to concente to a mene, &c. and then y seide " My 
" lorde, if hit please you, ye shall have me exscused to answere," &c. 
for thogh me thoght that hit were a mene resonable y dar not sey 
yee, thogh y have power, for the mater toucheth a grete comminalte 
as well as me, and so that y dar not seye yn to tyme that y have 
spoke w* my felowship at home : and y seide, if My lorde, for as moche 
" as y conceve right well that this mater, if hit ende attis tyme, hit is 
u like to ende by a mene, hit is my part to hire and to reporte, &c. but 
" be the mene never so resonable to conclude with yow, thogh y have 
" power ynogh, y beseche yow of youre gode lordship to have me 
" exscused therof yn to tyme y have be at home with my felowship, 
" or of tham here with me vj. or vij. for other wyse woll y never con- 
" elude with my gode will," &c. He seide ayen, " Ye didde theron as 
61 right a wise man," and so departyd, &c. The morun Saterday e y 
came to Westminster to kepe my day as hit is aboveseid. Y spake 
with my lorde Chaunceller. He adjorned hit over yn to Soneday, 
and f afterward fro Soneday = yn to Moneday; for the Justises dyned 
with the Maier of London that Sonday. The Moneday h y maier, 

a wold wold so, B. b thenne J>en, B. 

c thoughte )>oughte, B. " th" is frequently " \> " in B, and is not noted after this. 
d conceve conceved, B. e Saturday, 28 Oct. 1447. { and so, B. 

8 Sunday. 29 Oct. 1447, h Monday, 30 Oct. 1447. 



12 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

Bluet, Hody, Dourissh, Germyn and Speere with me come to Lam- 
beth to my lord, and ther was at that day atte dyner with my lord 
the ij. chif justises, a and so we appered before them; and for oure 
party advers Kys, Hengston, More, Wode and Wolston. My lord 
hym self furst moved the mater to the Chif Justises, so that the Chif 
Justise seide the mater stondeth thus: that as to the compleyntis of 
the Bisshop Deane and Chapitre, hit is answered, repplyed and re- 
joyned, and as moche do therynne as may be do; and as tochynge 
the compleyntes of the maier and comrninalte, the whiche them 
semeth grevous, byth not yet answered, and them semeth, &c. My 
lord Chauncellor therwith sodenly went right to the justises bothen, 
and called to hym Nicholas Ayssheton at that tyme beynge there, 
and leide theire iiij. heddis negh b to gedder and comyned to geder 
right privyly a grete while, and alle as y conceve c and as hit proved 
afterwardis that the answeris to oure articulis d not to be spoke of. 
After that my lorde toke his cheire and the justises sate with hym, 
and bothe parties with theire consell kneled before. My lord asked 
how we last departed and therapoun stomped e a grete while. My 
lord asked the bokis. He seide that his were on Kent is warde. He 
asked of oure party advers theire bokis: they wolde be knawe of 
none yn no wyse. And y mayer, seide yes, with f moche more 
therto, &c. and how my lordis commaundement was at London, and 
aggrementis at home yn the chaptry hous, that oure articulis 
sholde be answered or we preceded any ferder, y praynge my lorde 
that so, &c. My lord was loth therto and the justises bothe. My 
lorde seide furste merily g of Vaspasianus. h And y seide that that i 
was no mater of oure compleyntis, but y putte yn to prive k what the 
cite was of olde tyme ; and then my lord seide some what strangely 
and sharpely that oure articulis many were maters of noyse and 
desclaunder, and forto l answere them hit wolde be cause of more 

* justises judgys, B. b negh right negh, B. c conceved, B. 

d articulis to be laid apart, erased in B. e "abode" erased, "stomped" inserted in B. 

f with put in place of " and" in B. s merily myryly, B. 

h Vaspasianus See the City's Articles, Part II. 

' that hit, B. b prove, B. l for to for, B. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 13 

grucchynge and yvell wyll. And y seide, " Yf eny suche be, lete tham 
be leide apart, and tho that beth substancialle grete and grevous to 
us, and somme cause and begynnyng of alle this debate, lete tham 
be so answered :" andy reherced iij. yn especiall, oone of the Dyme, a 
another of the feloun that toke the bysshoppis fe, and after warde of 
the churche, and the b coroners ylette, &c. and of the toure on the 
bisshoppis gardyn, &c. The chif justise seyde as tochynge the arti- 
culis of bothe parties, that there were maters amendis to be made to 
ayther party, and that were longe to do, and that hit myght be don 
as well after as before, and that he hadde sey somme of oure arti- 
culis ij. in especiall, oone of the Deme, another of the feloun above- 
seide ; and seide that us semed that they were grevous to us. Where- 
apoun my lord spake of the bokis to us ayen ; and y seide that my 
bokis were alle redy . And my lord bade to leye ham forth ; and so 
we didde the articulis. They were but litell y radde ne take kepe 
to. Thenne as touchyng the deme, d Hengston seide that he wolde 
right well that the deme were payed with us, as hit aughte to be, 
and hath be of olde tyme ; but we didde not so, but sette hit and 
called none of the bysshoppis tenantis to us. Y saide nay, and 
made a longe rehersall therof fro kyng Edwardis tyme ynto this dey, 
how and under what fourme hit was don of olde tyme, how sithenes, 
and how now, and how late they sette with ynne tham e self, and 
kept the mony and yet kepeth, and that sholde be well y proved. 
My lorde seide f that as touchynge the settynge we were alle most 
accordyd theryn. Then seide Hengston lightly as touchynge set- 
tynge and kepyng of the mony of the deme, hit shall be sone an- 
swered ; he menyng of Upton is tyme y wote right well, as y seide 
to yow at home. Y seyde to Hengston as lightly ayen, " As sone 
hit sholde be repplied and truly with the grace of god." Then my 
lord asked furste of that other party if they hadde full auctorite and 
power and wolde consente to menys : and they seide anone with 

* Dyme the " decima " or king's tenth ? b the of the, B. 

c as to before inserted on a rider in B. 

d Whereapoun to deme inserted in a rider in B. but much decayed. 
c tham ham, B. f seide- seide hym thoghte, B. 



14 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

gode a wille, yee for theire part. My lorde asked of me, b Maier, if 
we wolde the same. Y seide as touchyng the power we hadde suffi- 
ciant and y nogh ; as touchyng to menys, y bisoghte hym of his 
lordship that y myght go apart to comyne with my felowship and 
oure conseill there at that tyme; and so y didde, and yeaf an an- 
swere. Hody hadde the wordis of power as above ; and as touchyng 
the menys with this condicion that oure articulis were answered, 
that we wolde aggre to suche menys as they lordis wolde rule us to. 
Then hit was no more at that tyme but the c articulis most be an- 
swered; and as loth as they were to answere, and hadde no bokis 
as hit is abovesayde. Then they aggreed ham to bryng yn the an- 
swere the morun. Y seide they d hadde seide dyvers tymes that 
they hadde olde charters, evidences, and munymentis to ende the 
mater; and y seide if they so hadde to bryng ham yn, and but they 
were answered to ende, &c. Hengston seide moche e and strongely 
because y seide they hadde suche charters. Y seide yee, and avowed 
hit well they seide so. He seide that they hadde olde recordis, &c. 
and y saide as above/ Hengston honged sore to have a lete and a 
grete courte, and y traversed hym ever, and seide to hym moche 
thynge, and yn especiall that they never hadde instrument, and 
reherced what that belongeths to a lete. Hengston seide but litell 
therto, but made wyse as thogh hit were yes ; but Wode seide that 
they hadde olde wrytinge to have hit, and spake no more at all that 
tyme. Hengston seide openly that Radeford and he hadde commu- 
nicacion at home of this mater, and were well negh accorded; and 
my lord seide, " Wolde god hit hadde be so," and yet " Wolde hit 
were so, for oure discharge." Y, Mayer, seide y kny we well and was 
spoke to of suche a communicacion ; but what the privyte and the 
menyng was y myghte not knowe, and yf y hadde hit sholde have 
be never the werce but the better ; and so we departed, stondyng a 

a gode right gode, B. b me put in place of " us " in B. c the }>* J>e, B. 
d they J> 1 J?ey, B. e moche and strongely myche and strangely, B. 

f above And here apon we hadde dey to receyve oure articles J>e morn and so de- 
parted, erased in B. 8 belongeth longeth, B. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 15 

fer fro my lorde, and he asked wjne and sende me his awne cuppe 
and to no moo. Y wende right to my lord ayen before them alle, 
and spake with my lorde prively a grete whiles of divers maters, and 
among other of thys blynde entrety that Hengston spake of, y sey- 
ynge to my lorde verily that this blynde entrety growith of my 
lorde of Excetre as y supposed. a Wherfor and for as moche as 
Hengston seide yn his presence that Radeforde and he were negh 
accorded : y b bysoghte my lorde, as me thoght his part was, and to 
ende the mater the rather to knowe of the communicacion, &c. My 
lorde seide y moved hym right well and sholde have goddis blessyng 
and his, and seide he wolde do so, &c. and so we toke oure leve and 
departed fro my lord and my lordis alle. My lord at this tyme 
didde me moche worsship, and openly yn the communicacion above- 
seyde commended me for my gode rule at home, and yn especiall for 
the grete favo r that y have do to men of the churche, hongyng this 
debate; and furthermore he of his awne mocion yn the communi- 
cacion aboveseid spake openly of the letter that he send home to the 
bysshop by me, seiyng these wordes, " Maier, aponthe communica- 
cion that y hadde with yow here y send home a letter by yow to 
my brother of Excetre, the whiche y hoped sholde have do moche 
gode and cause of spede the rather ende c of the mater." Y seide, 
" My lorde, d that is true, and y have do my due diligent part therto, 
after youre commaundement by my trauthe." Y seyde more to Kys 
these wordis, " Kis, ye seide to me at home that y didde and seide 
moche thynge more there then my lorddis commaundement was, 
sey ye here be fore my lorde what hit was ; and y truste to God and 
my lorde is gode lordship that my lord will avowe me on alle thyng 
that y didde and seide." My lorde sate stille a while, and Kys 
knelyng spake never a word, and thus passed over. Hengston 
among the maters abovesayd seyde moche more than is above writyn 
as touchyng the towre that stont on the bysshoppis gardyn, seiyng 
that that towre stode upon the bisshoppis grounde, and the bisshop 

R as y supposed not in B. b The rest of B. is much decayed. 

c the rather ende not in B. d B. ends here abruptly. 



16 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

sum tjme hadde his prison yn that towre, and that we repaired hit 
never, as is write on oure articulis : atte last hit was seide by their 
party that parcell of the towre stode upon the bisshoppis grounde as 
hit appereth openly there ; they menyng by a wall and kernellis 
stondynge withoute the towre and thiknys of the towne walle, to- 
ward the bisshoppis gardyn and annexed to the towre and towne 
wallis, &c. 

The morun tuysday al Halwyn yeven a y receyved the answeris to 
oure articulis at Westminster of the whiche y sende yow a true copy, 
yn the whiche articulis as hit appereth they have spatte out the 
uttmyst and worste venym that they cowde seye or thynke by me; 
y blessed be God hit is nother felony, ne treson, ne grete trespas, 
and thogh hit hadde be, so they wolde have don, and werce yf they 
cowde: but as for trawthe of the mater that tocheth me, meny 
worthy man stondeth on the same cas and have do moche werce 
than ever y didde, thogh that be to me none exscuse. As touchyng 
the grete venym that they menyth of my lyvyng, y may and pur- 
pose be at my purge, as y may right well apon my sawle of alle 
wymmen alyve excepte oone, and of hire righte a grete while; therfor 
y take right noght by and sey sadly si recte vivas, fyc. and am right 
mery and fare right well, ever thankyng God and myn awne purse. 
v And y liyng on my bedde atte writyng of this right yerly, myryly 
syngyng a myry song, and that ys this, Come no more at oure hous, 
come, come, come. Y woll not dye nor for sorowe ne for anger, 
but be myry and fare right well, while y have mony ; but that ys 
and like to be scarce with me, considerynge the bisynesse and coste 
that y have hadde : and like to have : and yet y hadde with me xx li. 
and more by my trauthe ; wherof of trauthenot right moche y spende 
yet, but like &c. Constre ye what ye will. Item, Thomas Mon- 
tage w sholde sende me xj li. and odde mony as he wote well and 
can telle yowe : and y supposed that John Germyn sholde b have 
broght to me all most x li. all this of myne awne gode ; wherof 

11 31 Oct. 1447. b sholde originally wolde altered to sholde. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 17 

cometh to me no peny. Wherfor y sende home to yow attis tyme 
William Hampton, berer of this writyng, for this cause most spe- 
cially that ye, how that ever ye do, sende me xx li. yn hast, as 
ye wolle the spede of youre mater and welfare of the cite, y not 
shamed but pleased attis tyme; and that ye faill yn no wyse, mer- 
vaillyng moche, for as moche as y departed fro yow with oute eny 
mony of youris, that ye ne hadde sende to me sithenesse some mony 
by Germyn, Kyrton, or some other man, &c. 

Forthermore as tochyng the seide answeris, y pray yow that they 
be well redely avysely and distinctely over radde and the substance 
of them right well understonde, and most speciall the furste arti- 
cule, the whiche ys most and right harde to answere, and that oure 
Recorder have knoweliche of all thyng that y have write home yf 
he be here as y suppose attis tyme, and but yf he be. to sende home 
to hym in hast; so that y have youre conceyt witte and entente to 
repplye to the seide answeris, and to the furste most specyally, 
whiche is derke to my conceyte as yet ; but y truste to God hit shall 
be right well with youre gode enformacion and helpe therto : to 
whiche entent y sende yow a rolle yn the whiche is conteyned 
copies of Domus Dey, copy of Eyris, of charters and other thynges 
that is necessary to be seye yn makyng of thes repplicacions. Y can 
no more attis tyme, but y pray you to be not wery to over rede hire 
and se all the writyng that y have sende home to yow attis tyme ; 
and yf ye be, no mervaill thogh y be wery, &c. and God be w* yow. 
y-writen at London yn alle Sawlyn day a afore day yn hast. Item, y 
pray you to sende me the blak rolle whiche shall be delyvered to 
yow by Thomas Montegow, by William Hampton berer of this wri- 
tyng, the which is a man true ynogh as y truste and suppose and 
hath borwys for his office, lete them be pryvy to, yf yow, b that hit is 
to be do. 

Indorsed. A letter of certificate from John Shillingford, Maior, 
of his doinges at London. 

a Nov. 2, 1447. b yf yow. sic MS. ? yf yow like. 

CAMD. SOC. D 



1 8 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

V. 

SHILLINGFORD TO HIS FELLOWS. London, Sat. 11 Nov. 1447. 

[Draft Letter.] 

He was at Lambeth with the Chancellor on Sunday the 5 Nov. 1447, and spoke with him 
about the Answers to the City's Articles. On Monday in the Exchequer Chamber 
the Chancellor amended the answers himself. On Tuesday the cause came on again, 
and he describes the proceedings. The other party are to shew their evidences on 
Sunday next. 

I grete you well alle, doyng yow to understonde that y am at 
London as y have write to yow afore this tyme, &c. and as touchyng 
the laboure and spede of oure corny n mater sithen y wrote last to 
yow, y was at Lambeth with my lorde on Sonday next after alle 
Halwyn a day and spake with hym at gode leisure and yn gode 
tyme and well disposed. Among other thynges y asked .... 
at dey and how we sholde be demened to brynge yn oure repplica- 
cions, he seyde u Come the morun Monedey b .... the love of 
god," Y seyde the tyme was to shorte, and prayed hym of Wendys- 
dey; y enfourmed hym [of tjhe grete malice venym that they have 
spatte to me yn theire answeris as hit appereth yn a copy that y sende 
to yow of. My lorde seide, " Alagge alagge, why wolde they do so ? 
y woll seye right sharpely to ham therfor and y nogh," and com- 
maunded me to bryng the answeris to hym the morun at West- 
minster, and that he wolde amende hit w* his awne hondis, &c. and 
so y departed, and mette w* hym that morun yn the escheco r cham- 
ber, and as sone as ever he saw me a ferre, he called me to hym and 
asked the seide answere, and he rased hit as hit plesed hym w* his 
owne handys, oure party advers w* theire counsell beyng present 
and yvell plesed and payde therwith, and my lorde was to tham 
right sadde ne wolde hire ham speke no worde, but spake to the 
chif Justyse Fortescu and prayed hym to be w* hym that morun 
atte mete to comyne of oure mater, and yeaf no dey to that other 

a 5 Nov. 1447. b 6 Nov. 1447. 



MAYOR OP EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 19 

party ne to me to be there and so departed. The morun tuysdey a 
y came to my lorde [at Westminster ayen and asked yf he wolde 
commaunde me eny thyng to do that dey, he seide yee, to be w* 
hym that after mete to comyne as hit is aboveseide. Y seide, " My 
" lorde cure repplicacions beth not yet alle redy ne mygh not be for 
" shortenesse of tyme thogh y sholde dye therfor, and yet y hadde 
" waked nyghte and dey." He seide hit was right yvell y do yf hit 
myght otherwise have be, and commaunded me not fealle but kepe 
my dey, that after mete : and so y didde and with me Dourissh and 
Speare, and for that other party Kys, Hengston, More, Wode, and 
Orcharde, a greet barre. Furste my lorde asked how we departed 
laste. Hit was seyde apoune the answerys of the Bysshop, Deane, 
and Chapitre, put yn and we to replye. Y seyde, " My lorde, oure 
" repplicacions beth not yet fully redy bot anon to oon b and that oon 
11 almost as hit appereth here aredy to shewe." My lorde and the Jus- 
tyse seyde no force to shewe and ryght meny resons why. Y seyde 
yes, and made resons sympelly as y cowde; so hit was graunted 
that y sholde bryng ham yn, &c. My lorde seyde that he wolde 
sende for the bokys that y have write to yow of yn Kent ys warde : 
then he bade that other party goo a part and comyned w* my seyde 
felowship and me nigh by an oure, and he was right mery and comyned 
meny dyvers maters bothe of disporte and sadnesse : furste of dys- 
porte of Bysshop Stafford ys tyme when my lord was there, 6 and among 
other y spake to my lorde yn dysporte of the arest of S r Thomas 
Gogh and of Hugh Luccays atte Denys place, and what favo r y had 
do and had no^thanke and of other thyngys as come yn to my 
mynde. d He cowde^telle^us how Germyn toke the churche f e day 

of eleccion, &c. Y seide therof a disporte, and that 

Germyn putte his fynger yn his ye and wepte, also y t . . . . e 
most sadly wyse. Atte last fyll to mater of sadnesse, and they 
spake of Goddys hous Seynt, Peter ys churche of Excetre, and my 
lorde spake of his house, his halle, and the Justyse the same, how 

a Tuesday, 7 Nov. 1447. b Originally "alle most oone. 1 ' 

c The Chancellor was at one time a dignitary of the Cathedral of Exeter. 
d the to wyse added in the margin and then struck out. 



20 LETTERS OP JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

loth they wolde be to make arestys theryn, and seyde that seynt 
Peter ys churche was Goddis hous and his halle, &c. and made meny 
resons to bryng yii abstynce of arestys. They were answered as God 
wolde geve us grace. Douryssh a didde well his part ; nerthelez all the 
longage bot hit were the lesse was by twene my lorde Chaunceller 
the Justyse and me. a My lorde Chaunceller wolde that y sholde 
myve of menys. Y seyde, savyng his commaun dement, that y 
cowde not theryn ; hit was not my part: and then he hym self and 
the Justyse moved of menys dyvers, and atte the laste my lorde 
moved of this mene to forbere arestys of alle men of habyte and 
they re servantys, famylyars, and bailliffs, withynne the churche 
and cimetere at alle tymes, &c. Douryssh acquytted hym well, and 
leyde meny myschyffys, &c. Y seyde therto also as y cowde sympelly, 
and then y reherced to hym of the last accorde of the suberbys with- 
oute Esteyeate and what abstynance was of courtesy y graunted at 
that tyme, &c. y conceyved that my lorde wolde move of no nyre 
mene and then y seyde to hym thus: " My lorde, y beseke you of 
youre gode lordship to have me exscu .... to move or 
aggre to eny mene . . . . y have speke with my felowship 
at home or they here with me." Tham thoghte y seyde reso- 

hadde right moche longage of the Bysshoppis fe, and 

specyally of the vyw and of the Bysshoppis Court what court he 
hadde and sholde have : here of was right moche longage b and reson 
prove and contra. Y hilde myn awne. Y hadde maters y nogh, 
&c. My seyde lordys bothe seyde that thay hadde olde recordys and 
evydences to prove their content. My lord hym self spake derkely 
of right olde charters the whiche y as ever have supposed right well ; 
so y said, " My lorde, y have hurde of suche thyngis, bot y sawe hit 
never, praying yow yf eny suche thyng be, that they may be shewed 
and seyn, and bot yf hit may be answered ellys so to make an ende," 
&c. My lorde conjoured me to make an ende of this mater and yf y 
so didde y sholde be cronycled. Y seyde, " My lorde, y have don my 

* Dourysshe to me struck out, and then " stet" put over it; " stet" also has been struck 
out. b longage first written " ado and reson." 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 21 

part as y truste to God ye shall knawe and wolle reporte as fer as y can 
may and thar do after youre commaundement." Y conjoured my lorde 
ayen and seyde these wordys, " My lorde, ye beth lorde under hevyn, 
" excepte the kyng, that the Cite of Excetre have most feyth hope 
" and truste theryn, and have fulle power to make an ende, bysekyng 
" you and as y dar requyre yow, se the ryght and lete hit never passe 
" yo r hondes hot so to make an ende," and made us go a part and called 
that other party. They were with hym bote ryght a litell while 
and called us yn ayen, and bade that other go apart, and seyde to us 
that they hadde comyned wyth that other party, and they seyn 
moche that they woll abyde apoun theire right, and shewe theire 
forseyde evydence to prove hit. Y seyde, " My lorde," as y have 
aboveseyde, &c. My lorde seyde, " Mayer, ye seye right well, and 
so we woll do and precede," and so we all departed sine die, &c. 
Bot sythenys y have be w 1 my lorde dyvers tymes and now have 
a day, and that other party to be before my seide lordis the morun 
Sonedey apon the makyng of this letter; a they to shewe ther evy- 
dences as y suppose. What they meneth that they woll abyde 
apon theire right and shew theire evydence constre ye. Gode and 
gentell longage and shere y have of that other party, and that 
they will abyde the rule of the lordys, &c. and that the lordys pur- 
pose to make an ende, &c. bote y fere therof bot the courte be so 
hard against us, therfor to speke wyth the nywe shyrf y sette hit grete 
wysedome so hit be by soche a mene as be knowe noght fro us for 
drede. b Certe hit be seyde that that ys the cause of the breche, &c. 
for they have labored strongly and sayeth nay, &c. 

* Letter written Sat. 11 Nov. 1447. b derde, MS. 



22 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

VI. 

SHILLINGFORD TO HIS FELLOWS. London ? Nov. or Dec. 1447. 

(Draft Letter.) 

Dowrish and Speere saw the Chancellor on the Sunday before his arrival. New bonds 
are ordered to be sealed to entreat for a composition till Candelmass. Dowrish and 
Speere were before the Chancellor on Monday ; the cause was postponed. Shilling- 
ford arrived in London on Tuesday, he has not seen the Chancellor yet because he 
waits for the " buckhorn"* which was to be presented. Upbraids one Germyn for his 
negligence in not sending it. 

Worthy siris y grete yow well alle; doyng you to understonde as 
touchyng the laboure and spede of oure mater that Dourissh and 
Speere hadde be w* my lord on Soneday next before my comyng and 
hadde ther right gode chere of my lord and other and right . . 

. . . so spedde there yn the beste wyse at p 1 tyme as the 
mater stondeth, and yn especyall as tochyng the commaundement the 
whiche y reported at home, nywe bondis to be made and enseled at 
home to entrete yn to Candel masse and lenger yf J>e parties myght 
so accorde to breve the mater to the lordis hondis ; and that we 
myght not accorde therof to be remytted to the lordes and they so to 
make an ende; of the whiche commaundement my lorde remembred 
hym right well therof as well as the Chif Justise, and my lord 
avowed me well therof and was right well pleased of b all my laboure 
at home y-reported to hym by Thomas Dourissh and Speere yn the 
beste wyse, my lorde seyng of me that y was never worthy to be 
called, that y was a godeman wyse and well do my part, after his 
commaundement attis tyme and shold have goddes blessyng and his, 
and whan that ever y come to be well come to hym, as the seide 
Dourissh and Speere reported to me ; and also they spake to hym of 
a sute like to be take by J>e B. D. and C. &c. My lord answered 
bot litell therto at that tyme, bot bade ham to awayte apoun hym 
that morun at Westminster and so departed. Ayenst whiche tyme 
the seide Dourissh and Speere right wysely ordeyned counsell Yong 

* buckhorn. This appears to have been a kind of fish. In the Receiver's Account it is 
stated that 400 of bukhorn was bought to be given to the Chancellor. In the Household 
Account of theCountess of Devon (State Papers, Henry VIII. iii. p. 1403) amongst other 
fish there is an item for " 6254 buckernes, 35s. IQd." b of first written " with." 



MAYOR OF EXETER,, A.D. 1447-8. 23 

and Beef, and so came yn before my lord Chaunceller the morun 
Moneday, and nywe moved hym w i moche longage as tochyng the 
sute aboveseide. My lorde seyde he myght not werne tham be comyn 
lawe, bot he seide right feith fully and sadly he wolde consell ham the 
contrary and commaunded to awayte apon hym and ]?e Chif Justise 
beyng togeder. A rule to be sette, &c. And so departed and stont yet. 
Furthermore y do you to understonde y come to London on tuys- 
dey, so J?t y wolde have be w* my lord J>t same dey tymely y nogh 
afore mete ; bot I taried and yet tary because of }>e buk horn ft was 
boght or y went and forth before at Stoklond or y departed fro 
home as Germyn, that never legh, tolde to me verily w* grete othis; 
the whiche came not yet, me to right grete anger and discom- 
fort by my trauthe, and the cause J>* hit was boght for myche like 
to be lost ; for hit hadde be a gode mene and order after spekyng 
and communication aboveseid, the buk horn to have be presented, 
and y to have come there after, &c. and so to have sped moche the 
better : but now hit is like to faille to hyndryng. And so y have 
helpe ynogh abakward and but a litell forthward as hit at alle tyme 
proveth and appereth. Y prayyou specially to thanke moche t . . 
. gentill Gerinyn Quasi duceret euge euge Germyn of his 
governaunce attis tyme, id malegaude Germyn. Nothelez [I know] 
right well he woll ascuse hym right well by thike fals harlot his 
carioure, and the carioure yn like wyse by the seide Germyn, and 
so I may say ait latro ad latronem and inter scabella duo anus labitur 
humo. Cristes curse have they bothe, and seye ye amen non sine 
merito, and bot ye dar sey so, thynke so, thynke so. Also y charge 
Germyn under rule and commaundement of J. Coteler my lutenant, 
J>* he do that he can do, braule, bragge and brace, lye and swere 
well to, and yn especiall Y )?e stretes be right clene and specialle the 
litell lane yn the bak side be nethe the flessh folde yeate, for ther 
lieth many oxen hedes and bonys that they be removed away for 
the nonys ayenst my comyng as sone as y may by cokkis bonys. b 

a but litell originally " no thing." 

b cokkis bonys i. e. God's bones or God's wounds (?) ; Gogs wouns. See "Taming 
the Shrew," Act iii. scene ii. 



24 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

VII. 

SHILLINGFORD TO ONE OF THE BISHOP'S COUNSEL. 
14 Dec. 1447. (Draft Letter.) 

Concerning the entreaty to be had at home under the new bonds prays him to fix place, 
day, and time for the consideration of the matter, and expresses his desire for a " good 
end" a curious passage at the end has been struck out. See the note. 

Eight worship full sir, y recommaunde me to yow. Like a yow 
to be remembred of the speche and communicacion ]>t was late be- 
twene yow and me at Westminster before my lorde Chif Justise 
and also what he seide and how that y conjured yow and ye con- 
jured me ay en, and alle to the best entent to alle parties as y hope 
to God, trustyng that ye buth and woll be the same man as there, or 
better yf ye better may, and y the same after my sympell power by 
my trauthe : apon the whiche communicacion as y seide to yow that 
y wolde, and as ye seide my part was to spake with my lord Chaun- 
celler, &c. and afterward Maister Rogger Kys and y were before my 
two seid lordis to knowe of a rule and a departyng home, &c. Whas 
rule and commaundement as y conceved was this, to make and 
ensele nywe bondis yn to Candelmasse next comyng, and lenger yf 
the parties wolde at oure comyng home; and yn the mene tyme to 
entrete at home to shorte the mater to their hondes ; and that we 
myght not accorde therof, they to make an ende, the whiche hath 
ever be my will and laboure y take God to wytnesse, and yet shall 
be. Wherapon y consideryng the rule and commaundement of the 
lordes and the entent of J>e communicacion betwene yow and me 
abovesaide, y sende to yow at this tyme praying yow to considre the 
same, with more that hit is bot a short and a bysy tyme consyderyng 
the grete parties and maters, with the circumstance and grete and 
longe communicacion that is like to be. Wherfor y pray yow to prefixe 
place day and tyme as ye woll resonabilly, and that as sone as ye may 
godely, the rather the levere, b and ye shall be all redy and wyth alle 

a Like twice altered, and put in place of "praying." 
b the rather the levere : i.e. the sooner the bettsr. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, AJ). 1447-8. 25 

thoo that longeth to be there, for oure party un failled; so that noo 
cause of tarying shallbe founde yn oure party with the grace of God : 
praying yow the same, &c. for ye a may fully conceve J?t my felows 
and y wold fayne have a gode ende and pees, prayng you to applie 
yo r god will and favo r to the same. And how hit may please you to 
do in j? s , y pray you to s[ende] hit me yn writyng and alle shall be 
well w* ]> e grace of God, whiche have yow yn kepyng. Amen. Writen 
at Exeter the thursday ("next) after Sent Lucie. [Dec. 14, 1447.] 



VIII. 

SHILLINGFORD TO DowRiSH. b Exeter, Wednesday, Eve of St. 
Thomas the Apostle, Dec. 20, 1447. 

Requesting him to helo to make a good end of the matter; with him are Radford and 
Hengston and William Beef. 

Right Worshipfull ser, y recommaunde me un to yow ; doyng 
yow to understonde that as touchyng the grete maters yn debate by 
twene my lord the Bysshop of Excetre the Deane and the Chapiter 
ther, and the Maier and Comminalte of the seide Cite, the whiche 
maters at London this last term passed, by comaundement of the 
lordis ys put yn rule as hit appereth by a letter the whiche y have 
sende to William Hengston, wherof y sende to yow a copy; as well 
as of dyvers other bullis of supplicacions by the seide Maier and 

In place of the words from " ye" to the end he had written originally as follows, but 
substituted the other passage afterwards: "We wolde right fayne have an ende, ye ne noo 
man conceyvyng for noo drede ne dowte that we have yn oure right, ne y John Shillyng, 
for noo drede of grete wordes of malyce, dlsclaundres, longage, writynges, ne settyng up 
of bullis to that entent to rebuke me and to make me dulle to labore for the right that y 
am sworne to, for truly y woll not be so rebuked ne y dulled, but the more boldeliere and 
shapely after my sympell powere as the la we woll to do my part as y am sworn to ; ne 
ever the werce willed to alle gode communicacion and resonable meene to make a gode 
ende, and thus y desire to be knowed and reported, for with the grace of god y woll be oo 
man, and the same man y have be." 

b Dowrish appears to have been one of the City's counsel. 
CAMD. SOC. E 



26 LETTERS OF JOHN SIIILLINGFOKD, 

Comminalte y putte yn be fore the seide lordis. The whiche copies 
all y pray yow avysely to over rede and well understonde after the 
eommaundement and rule aboveseide. And after the gode -will, 
prayer, fourme, effecte, desire, and entent of the seide Maier and 
Comminalte comprehended yn the seide letter and bullis, to applie 
your gode will and to do your tendre and diligent labour to helpe 
to make a gode ende, and that all my feloship and y pray yow right 
hertly. And yn especyall that ye be oon of thoo pryncipall en- 
differently to entrete ther ynne that most gode may clo ther yn, and 
with yow Radeforde and Hengston, and so that William Beef be 
oon with yow by your speciall meene to be brogh yn, for pleasur 
and the better to ende the mater hardly with the grace of God. Ye 
may constre moche thyng &c. bot this aboveseide thus don, y dowte 
noght, bot truste to God verily to have a gode ende and pees with 
the grace of God, whiche have yow ynh is kepyng. Amen. Writen 
at Excetre on Wendisdey yn the vigill of Seynt Thomas the Apos- 
tell. 

Indorsed. A letter of advertysmentes. 



IX. 

SHILLINGFORD TO THE BISHOP. Exeter, 24 Dec. 1447. 

[Draft Letter.] 

The Lords before whom the matter is " in compremys" have postponed it until Candelmass 
with a command that the parties should endeavour to agree at home, as appears by a 
letter lately sent by the Chancellor to the Bisshop. The Mayor and Comonalty are 
ready to agree. The City did not wish to dispute the Bishop's right to the Fee. The 
Church and Cemetery are distinct from the Fee and not the same thing as it is now 
desired to be set up this last term contrary to the Bishop's first answer to the City's 
articles. Begs he will endeavour to settle the affair according to the effect of divers 
bulls of supplications put in by the Mayor to the Lords, of which he sends copies. 

Right Worshipfull and Reverend Fader yn God and gode lorde, y 
recommaunde me un to your right gode and gracyous lordship. 
Please hit your gode and gracious lordship to have yn knowliche 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 27 

as tochyng the grete maters yn variance betwene yo r right gode and 
gracious lordship the Deane and Chapiter of yo r Cathedrall Churche 
of the Cite of Exceter and the Maier and the Comminalte of the 
seide Cite, the which maters by yo r menys so labored un to the 
highnesse of our soverayn lorde the Kyng was broght yn and so by 
longe tyme hath honged and yet hongeth yn compremys be fore 
the lordis. The whiche by the seide lordis this last terme as y con- 
ceyved thus ruled, and commaunded nywe bondis to be made and 
enseled to entrete yn to Candelmasseandlengeryf the parties myght 
so aggre and accorde at their comyng home ; and yn the mene 
tyme to entrete at home to shorte the mater to their hondis, and that 
we myght not accorde therof they to make an ende ; and that by 
longe tyme hath be my lorde Chauncelleris commaundement as y 
knawe right well, and as hit proveth and appereth by a letter by 
hym late to yow sende, the whiche letter he this terme avowed well 
for mj^n excuse your conseill beyng present, and as y seid yn yo r 
presence yn the Chapetry hous of yo r Cathedrall Churche of Excetre. 
The whiche rule and commaundement the seid Maier and Commi- 
nalte fully aggreed ham for their part and were all redy to fulfille 
hit at London and so buth yet her at home, and shall be yn all wyse, 
or eny other resonable entrety that may be moved or &tured or by 
yow commaunded, so hit be knowed to the pleasure of my seid lords 
aboveseid, praying yow and yo r parties and yow most specially of 
your gode and gracious lordship to yeve your gode will and applie 
yo r favo r to conforrne to the same; considryng verily that we wold 
right fayne have a gode ende with yow as lawe, right, reson, and 
gode consience requiren, with all favo r desired resonable that by 
our part may be shewed or don, and to that is called your fe, most 
specially bysekyng yo r gode and gracious lordship to be amytted 
therto, for hit was never our will to putte that yn debate ne to de- 
spute the right therof, but as we have be forced therto by yo r Arti- 
culis of Complayntes and other actes of the same, or elles to lese our 
rig(ht), &c. Also hit was never known ne seide bot that the seide 
fe was a thyng by him self, and the seide Churche and Cimitere 



28 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

another thyng by him self, as ye have supposed and claymed and 
allegged by two the furst divers articulis therof made yn your furst 
articulis of compleynts, withoute that yo r Cathedrall Churche and 
Cimitere be parcell of the seid fe or annexed therto, as hit is and shall 
be well proved by evident writyng, witnesse, and other wyse. But 
now late this last terme ye have supposed and leyde the seid fee 
Churche and Cimitere to be conjoyntly contrary to yo r furst clayme, 
as hit openly appereth yn your furst articulis of yo r provys to have a 
colo r to the seide Churche and Cimitere by the seide fe, &c., as hit 
is right well conceyved, and therto ye have aleyed for yo r prove the 
boke of domysdey, the whiche is no prove, and that we have and 
shall comytte yn to the grete wysedomys of the lords abovseid. But 
we truste to God, savyng yo r gode lordshippe, the same boke shall 
prove our entent as hit is proved and pleynly appereth yn our furst 
answer to the seide same articule of y r provys. The whiche with 
meny other thyngs shall be redy to be shewed before yo r gode 
lordships yf hit please you. But what conclusion that ever ther 
folwe we .trusty ng to God to have yo r gode lordship, we woll be 
demened resonabilly with all favo r to the pleasur of your gode lord- 
ship as hit is aboveseid, and of the seid fe most specially, ever bese- 
kyng you and as we dar requyr you that ye woll applie yo r blessed 
favo r and benyvolence to the gode ende and appeasynge of this 
mater, after the will, desir, forme, effecte and entente of dyvers bullis 
of supplicacons by us y put and to be put yn be fore the lordes of 
this mater, of the whiche bullis I sende to you copies by the berers 
of this my pore writyng, whiche copies please hit yo r gode and 
gracious lordship at yo r leysure to over se and fully conceyve, the 
rather to have a gode ende as we truste to God : and like you 
to knowe that y have write to Copleston and Hengeston and 
y spoke with Radeford of this maters for myn exscuse to be 
reported above be fore the lords, so that no cause of taryng 
shall be founde yn our party, but ever all redye, &c. Bysek- 
yng you of yo r right gode and gracious lordship, as y have my 
lord Chaunceller, to have me exscused of myn non comyng to you 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 29 

as my dute hath be and is. Considryng verily if y myght knowe 
.... lordships pleasur and commaundement therto, the whiche 
y wolde full fayne knowe and come grete joye and comfort to alle 
your puple and gostly children of the Cite of Exceter and me most 
specially; and how hit may please your gode lordeship to do and 
comrnaunde us yn the rule and commaundement of the lords above- 
seide to have yn knowliche by the berers of this my symple writyng 
at yo r pleasur, Please yo r gode and gracious lordship to have yn 
rembrance that I and all the Comminalte of the seide Cite ben your 
gostly children and yo r men at yo r commaundement and ever shall 
be by Godd's mercy, whiche preserve yo r gode and gracious lordship 
and yo r blessed faderhed yn his high mercy. Writen at Exceter the 
xxiiii day of Decembre. 

By yo r awne servant and bedman, 

J. SHILLYNGFORD. 

Indorsed, A letter from the Jo. Shillingford, Maior, to the 
bishop. 



X. 

INSTRUCTIONS FROM SHILLINGFORD TO HIS DEPUTY. 
24 Dec., 1447. 

Instructions to speak to the Bishop and deliver a letter from the Chancellor. He is to 
make excuses for the Mayor not bringing the letter himself. It is the Chancellor's 
command that " we intreat at home." The City is willing. The Mayor is hurt at 
some remarks of the Bishop's. 

After the recommendacion had yn the most godely wyse, ye shall 
seye to my lord that the Maier yeveth yow yn commaundement to 
seye, that my lorde Chaunceller greteth hym well and sendeth hym 
the letter, bysekyng hym of his gode lordship avisely to o verse hit : 
wherapon as ye suppose after the entent of the letter that ye most 
speke myche more with him, also bysekyng him of his gode lordship 



30 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

atte reverence of my lorde Chaunceller to yeve leyser and attend- 
ance therto ; seyyng also that hit is the Maier is part to have 
come hym self with the letter and exscuse, &c., and then how dan- 
gerous hit was to make eny worthy man to come to hym att tyme for 
strange chere at Clist, &c., and that the Maier exscused hym ayenst 
my seide lorde Chaunceller to brynge the letter, &c., and pro- 
rnytted to sende of the most worthiest as he hath, &c. 

Item, that ye commende my lorde Chaunceller yn the most beste 
and trusty wyse, and that hit is his commaundernent and other 
lordes, and longe tyme hath be, that we sholde entrete at home, the 
whiche hath be the Maier is grete laboure the grete part of all this 
yere, and myghte noght be excepted therto, and so he hath re- 
ported before the lordes as well as the furst coming to hym to Clist 
to seke his gode lordeship and pees for his exscuse: and yet the 
Mayer and the Cite now aswell as before this tyme by cornmaunde- 
ment of the lordis and by their awne gode wyll* prayeth and 
desireth that the matter myght be disclosed before his gode lord- 
ship, the Maier, the Recorder with othe'r of the Cite at his pleser 
beyng present, trustyng to God verely al for the best, and'myche the 
rather and the better to have a gode ende as lawe, reson, and right 
gode conscience requyren, he to fele alle the maters, and so as ye 
suppose to be his awne juge, and ende myche of the maters by his 
awne conscience, we knawing his blessednysse and gode con- 
science, &c. Forthermore, ye shall seye as for the Maier wher my 
seyde lorde hath seide, and sende hym word that he is not the man 
that he wend that he had be, the which worde is to hym right 
hevy, and seith that he shall fynde hym the same oo man and same 
true man as he hath be, and so he trusteth to God he is take and 
knawe among the lojdes above ; but thogh he and other labor for 
the right of the Cite w l true menys as he hath do and none other- 
wise as hit shalbe well proved, hit is no cause, &c., they beth sworn 
therto as he is to the right of his benefice. Make ye myche of this 
matter and of the deme suying, and of the short chere at Cliste, and 
the gode chere that the Maier had yn his Closet, bryngyng Coteler 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 31 

to his gode grace, y yet praying the same yf y may be herde, and 
that ye desyre his gode leysur now, and but yf ye mowe now to 
come to hym ayen. 



XL 

INSTRUCTIONS TO SHILLINGFORD'S DEPUTY GOING TO THE 
BISHOP. (?) Dec. 1447. 

[Original and Draft,] 

He is to make his excuses for not coming to his Lordship at Chudleigh. 

And after dywe recomendacion ye shall byseke my lord of his 
gode lordship to have me exscused of myn non corny ng to Chud- 
legh. For yf aughte be by me otherwyse than aughte to be done 
God y take to wytnesse hit is but for defaute of connyng sympel- 
nesse and lewdenesse of myself. But for myn exscuses dyverses 
ye shall sey that y hadde warnyng of my lordis comaundement bot 
the nyght before and that late, after candell tendyng, my hors bare 
and my ridyng harneys being at Shillyngford, feloship not comyned 
with ne warned who to ride with me. The whiche y cowde not all 
brynge aboute yn so shorte a tyme, and also hit was seide to me 
with the seid comaundement these wordis fro my seid lorde, that y 
sholde come to Chudlegh yf me thoghte hit were to be done, c. 
The whiche seyyng yn my sympelnys considerid, me thoght hit was 
not to be don at that tyme, consideryng before all thyngs the Kynges 
right high furst comaundement, the rule of my lord Chaunceller and 
the ij Chif Justises, and of their comaundement to ensele nywe 
bondis and entrete at home with a resort ; wherapon men y 
nempted, day y sette to entrete, and all growith and is under the 
Kynges furst comaundement ; and also considryng the bulle the 
whiche y presented late to my lord Chaunceller, wherapon dyvers 
letters were made, wherof a ye shall presente my lord copies ; Also 

a whereof whereof all. B. 



32 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

y most considryng yn my sympelnesse that my lorde hadde no 
knowliche of all this laboure ne y no knowliche of his privy 
comaundement as all tyme hath be hadde yn thes mater how 
y sholde have governed me, and seide at Chudlegh y stondyng 
mayer and of power, and yet havyng no power, ne noght may 
do, seye, aggre, ne assent withoute communicacion hadde with 
my feloship, a Comminalte whiche is harde to dele with, dredyng 
my sympelnys lest eny thyng shold have passed me the whiche yf 
hit sholde have be noted right well, &c. the whiche all this con- 
siderid me thoght hit was not my part to come to Chudlegh with- 
oute more streiter comaundement, and so y sent Thomas Cook, &c. 
Also ye shall seye to my seid lord that he shall fynde the seide 
Maier oo man and his welwylled and true men what eny men seye 
of hym, and a redy at alle tymes as hym aughte to obeye and 
fulfille his comaundement. And yn the grete mater yn debate 
specially y-trustyng to God and his gode lordship that he will 
no a comaund nie ayenst the Kyng's comaundement, my wordis, 
works, and writyngs. Item ye shall seye to my lord that y have 
do my dayly labour yn all wyse, aswell here at home as at London, 
and to my lord Chaunceller specially, furst by mene [of] Courteys the 
Frere, and then by writyngs, as hit appereth yn the seide bulle, and 
then by mouthe myself to my lord Chaunceller. And so y have do 
as moche as y can may and dar do by my trauthe to bryng the mater 
all yn my lords hondis ; And yet yf hit may be seye how by my 
lordis privy comaundement y may more do y shall the utmyst as me 
aughte do to my lordis pleasure, besekynge my lord not mystrustyng b 
me or c lete me be dyscharged of the privy consell of the mater, for 
Thomas Cooke tolde to me so that y sholde not have knowe of the 
privy communicacion betwene the Bysshop and my lord at his 
rather beyng at Chudlegh for drede of discoveryng ne hadde be, 
that noght myght be do w^ute me as mayer. 

Indorsed, A lettre of John Shillingfordes for excuse because he 
could not resort to the Byshop at Chudleigh. 

not noght. B. b mystrustyng mystrute. B. c To or to. B. 



MAYOR OP EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 33 

XII. 

H. WEBBER, PRIEST, ON BEHALF OF THE BISHOP, TO THE 
KECORDER (?) Chudlegli, 28 Dec. 1447. 

Thanks for good will expressed in the letter sent to him (the Bishop) on Sunday. The 
same day he had a long and diffuse letter from the Mayor of Exeter, stating that the 
Lords' command was that the matter shall be entreated at home in this vacation. 
The Bishop will order Copleston and Hendeston to be at Exeter at the next sessions 
of the peace for that purpose. 8 

My right reverend trusty and singular maister, after dewe and 
entierly recommendacion with all worship and reverence, my lord 
the Bysshop of Excetre, of whas commaundement y write un to 
you at this tyme, thanketh your kyndenesse of your gode and well 
conceyved letter that ye sende unto hym on Sonday last passed, the 
whiche day sone apon that he recey ved b your letter he recey ved a 
long and right a diffuse letter y send to hym by the Mayer of 
Excetre remyttyng my seide lord in the same yn to a long rolle of 
supplicacions by hym made ther a fore, yn the whiche letters ye as 
yn youre by the enformacion of the seyde Mayer, and the seide 
Mayer as yn his letters conceyved, atte laste terme that hit was 
appoynted by my lord of Canterbury and the two Chyf Justises, 
that the maters be twene my seide lord and the Deane and the 
Chapitre of his Churche of Excetre and the seyde Maier and the 
Comminalte of the said Cite hongyng sholde be entreted here at 
home yn this vacacon, with other larger words of the same in the 
Mayer's letters comprehended. Trewly, S r , what the departyng and 
how at the laste terme was a fore my seid lord the Chaunceller and 
the seide Justises my seide lorde was a fore and is fully enfourmed 
therof. Notheles for as moche as ye fynde the seide Maier and his 
feloship of the Cite disiderable and aggreyng a communicacion to be 
hadde after the effecte that ye commyned with my seid lord sum 

a There was a consultation in the Chapter House, Lent 1447 8. See Extracts from 
Receiver's Accounts in the Appendix. 

b Originally " hadde receyved." 
CAMD. SOC. F 



34 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

tyme at Excetre. and yn maner so the seide Maier writeth hym self 
to my seid lord, with maters of pretens contrary e articulis and other 
allegauncies and remissions yn to meny diffuse supplicacions, seyng 
furdermore that he hath writen to John Copleston and William 
Hendiston for the same communicacion to be hadde for the gode 
ende and peasyng of the seide maters, of the whiche my seide lorde 
seith that hit pleaseth hym that a communicacion myght be hadde 
yn haste, and he woll do the seide John Copleston and William 
Hendeston to be at Excetre with other as well of the Chapitre is 
counseill as of his awne atte next session of peas. So that the 
seide communicacion be no longe delaye to hyndryng of his 
Churche and of his right, for trewly he woll noo long delayes 
theron, bot to do his avail whan he shall se his tyme. And yf hit 
so be that ther shall be y-offered suche weyes that may be to the 
gode ende and peasying of the seide maters withoute hertyng and 
delay ng of the right of his Churche, he woll applie hym self ther to 
with gode will : and where ye wrote yn to my seide lorde that he 
moved to yow that William Hendeston and ye a certyn day limited 
by yow and by my seid lord for to commune for the gode ende to 
be hadde yn the seide maters, and he kepte not his day, my seid 
lord seith that ye knowe well by certefyyng of right worthy men 
that he myght not be there at that day for certyn causes that they 
certefied yow therof resonable. Notheles sone apon he came to yow 
and ye and he communed to geder, the whiche communicacion was 
be ease and litell fruite theron. And he seith that sith he came 
home from Courte he communed with yow of dyvers maters, bot ye 
moved noo thyng of the seide maters. And therfor my seide lord 
supposed ye wolde noo more therof, Notheles my seide lord, seyng 
your gode will, whiche ben of counseill with his Churche, wyth a hym, 
and with the Maier of later date, thanketh yow hertely of your 
gode letter and also the Maier for his godeley letters, and with the 
grace of God John a Copleston and William Hendeston and other, 
as hit is abb'veseid, shall be a redy to commune with yow under the 

a wyth originally " and." 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 35 

fourme as hit is aboveseid to the effectuall gode ende with oute grete 
delay, for trewly y ther sey yow secretely, on grete truste that y have 
founde yn your person ever, my seid lord woll not be long delayed 
yn noowise, as y veryly conceyve by hym, and therfor y wolde for 
the reverence of God and ease of the pore puple and for your grete 
worship that ye myght be cause of the gode ende and peasyng of 
the seide maters. And yf y myght se that hit myght take effectuall 
and a spedefull ende, y sey yow feithfully y shall do my part truly 
therto with the grace of God, the which have yow ever yn his 
gracyous kepyng, and my seid lord praied yow that ye wolle notise 
his wyll aboveseid to the seid Maier and to such other as your 
worthy and appreved discrecion semyth best for be don. Y-write 
at Chuddelegh the xxviii day of December. 
By your owne Prest, 

H. WEBBER, 
dwellyng with the Bysshop of Excetr. 

Indorsed. A lettre agaynst the Cite sent by a preest to the 
bishop. 



XIII. 

SHILLINGFORD TO HIS FELLOWS. London, 2 Feb. 1447-8. 
[Draft Letter.] 

On Candelmass Eve he received their letter brought him by Harry Dobyn, which he has 
well understood. What to do he cannot yet be " redely avysed," but will do as best 
he can. 

Right worthy siris, y grete yow well ; doyng yow to understonde 
that on Candlemasse yeve y receyved a letter y send to me by 
Harry Dobyn, whiche letter yn my sympell conceyt y yn alle 
thynges have well understonde, and y am and was before that letter 
fully remembred of all thynges that is comprehended theryn, as 
specially of Stokewode, as well as more of the entrety some tyme 
moved by Sir William Bonevill, and of the communycacion ther 



36 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

upon hadde at London, and specially yn the Cloyster at Paulys, the 
right grete of the parties, with theire conseille, and moche other 
puple beyng present ; what was comyned, moved, stured, desired, 
and by whom ; how hit was procured and shortly thro wen of; how 
hit was conceyved, reported, and take there and ellis where, and 
what yvell wyll, waywardnys, and unkyndnesse was assigned, and 
what was promysed and what was do therfore, ye knowe right 
well, and Richard Druell specially : some wherof ye and y com- 
myned therof the last hole day of my beyng at home at Exceter yn 
my parler ; constre ye alle thynges what y mene. What is to do 
furthermore y can not yet be redely avysed by conseill, bot y most 
doe as y se the mater woll be ruled, and as y can, may, and dar 
do, eschewyng variance, breche, throwyng of, and yndyngnacion 
specially, and so y shall by the grace of God, a whiche have yow yn 
his kepyng. Amen. 



XIV. 

SHILLINGFORD TO HIS FELLOWS. 3 Feb. 1447-8. 
[Original and draft. b ] 

The Buckhorn was presented on Candlemas day. On that day he was with the Chan- 
cellor at mass and presented his candle to him, and " abode there to meat by my 
lord's commandment." Describes the scene and his conversations with the Chan- 
cellor about the cause. 

[Worthy siris, y grete] yow well alle, doyng yow to understonde 
that the bukhorn came to me bot on Candelmasse yeven [afternone 
somewhjat better late than never, whiche bukhorn was presented to 
my lord on Candelmasse day by the [morun. How hit] was presented 
y-take, and what thankys and better thankis y nogh therfor Harry 
Dobyn can telle [yow of some] what by mowthe. That day was y 

a by the grace of God originally "so far as God will yeve me wyt and grace." 
b The words in brackets are filled in from the draft, here called B. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 37 

at Lambeth with my lorde at masse, and offered my candelle [to 
my lord is] blessed hond, y knelyng adoun offeryng my candell. 
My lord with laghyng chere upon me seide hertely, " Graunt mercy, 
Mayer," &c. That same day y abode there to mete by my seide 
lordis commaundement ; [y mette] with my lorde atte high table 
ende comyng to meteward, and as sone as ever he saw me he [toke 
me] fast by the honde and thankis ynogh to : y seide to my seid lorde 
hit was to symple a thyng considryng his astate to seye onys graunt 
mercy, bot yf y hadde be at home at this faire he sholde have had 
better stuf and other thynges, &c. Y went forth with hym to the 
myddis of the halle, he stondyng yn his astate ayenst the fire a grete 
whiles, and ij bisshoppis, the ij Chif Justises, and other lordis, 
knyghtes, and squyers, a and other comyn puple grete multitude, the 
halle fulle, alle stondyng a far apart fro hym, y knelyng by hym, and 
after recommendacion y moved hym of cure mater shortly as tyme 
asked, and yn especiall of the ij Chif Justises beyng there, bysekyng 
hym or their departyng to calle ham to hym for oure mater ; he seid 
hertly with right godewill, and prayed God that ther myght be 
right a gode ende ; and y thanked hym and seide with his gode 
lordship we were almost thurgh and at an ende, y seyyng also by 
these menys " My lord, y have herd yow seye that ye and the ij Chif 
Justises of a rule of the Churche and Cimitere were negh accorded." 
He seide hertely , " Yee for gode." Y seide, " My lord, as touchyng the 
fee Radford and Coplestone beth nigh accorded at home, whiche 
two accordis y knowe we buth alle most thurgh :" the whiche seyyng 
alle he toke on the best wyse and was well pleased therwith, and so 
departed fro hym at that tyme. Mete y doun, my lord toke his 
chamber, the astatis and other with hym. Y put me yn presse and 
to my lorde and spake with hym right a grete while, so that he 
called the Justises to hym and moved of oure mater. Y wolde have 
seide, &c. the Chif Justise toke upon hym to seye, &c. and seide 
moche thyng for oure part, and quytte hym a gode man b to us. 

a squyers "quyers" B. b man originally "lord." B. 



38 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

Furst he reherced how we were broght yn be fore tham by the 
Kynges commaundement, how we wolde have be dysmyssed and 
discharged fro tham, a and be atte comyn lawe and myght not, and 
how hit hath be labored ayenst us duryng the tyme of this entrety, 
so that ther is a Shirf y made and the contrey embraced ayenst 
[oure] entent and thus we stode at b myschif, &c. The other Chif 
Justise seide well therto also, and my lord toke hit [welle] seyyng, 
" Hit may not be so ; assigne ye a tyme the parties to be called, a rule 
to be sette, so that hit shold be amendyd :" and so departed as for 
more communicacion of oure mater. Afterward y spake with the 
ij de Chif Justise there a grete while, to whom oure mater myche was 
rawe. He understode and toke my seyyng and ynformacion [yn 
the moste] beste wise, and so seid c therto for oure part. [After this 
we toke our leve, and y yn my leve takyng seyyng [these] wordis, 
" My lord, have mercy and pyty apoun that pore Cite, Jesus vidit 
civitatem et flevit super earn ;" also bysekyng him to yeve me leve 
to sywe to his gode lordship to have the mater refourmed as hit is 
aboveseide ; he seide y sholde be right welle come what tyme that 
ever y come, and so departed thens and stonde this day, &c. That 
nyght right late Harry [Brok] broght me a copy of a recorde 
whiche y sende to yow, d to the whiche recorde with avys of conseill 
y thyng 6 bolde[ly to] appere forthwith this terme, &c. and y hope 
hit shall be right well as the cas stoondeth, and better than hit was 
desired and like to have be atte last entrety at home, with the grace 
of God, whiche have you in his kepyng. Writen at London the 
morun after Candelmasse day. [3 Feb. 1447-8.] 

JOHN 



Indorsed. After makyng of this letter y receyved a Copy of a 
writte ayenst John Hulle, as h[ere folowyth]. 

a See the Petition to the King in the Appendix. 

b at originally "yn." B. 

c and so seid originally " and seyde right blessedly " in B. 

d See end of letter.^ e " thenke " in the draft. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 39 

Devonia. Distringas Johannem Hull de Exonia in Comitatu tuo 
marchaunt per omnes terras, &c. respondendutn octabis Purifica- 

tionis Thome ipse simul cum Ricardo Toher de 

Exonia Sherman vi et armis in ipsum Thomam apu.d Exoniam 

imprisonavit, &c~. et ipsum in prisona quousque 

idem Thomas finem per centum solidos pro deliberatione s . . . . 
. . . Ricardo et Johanne fecisset, &c. Et alia contra, &c. 

J On a ryder : 

Devonia. De termino Sancti Hillarii anno regni Regis Henrici vj. 
xxvj. rotulo lix. Distringas Majorem et Communitatem Civitatis 
Exonie Octabis (sic) Purifications Johanni Notte clerico vi et armis 
ipsum Johannem apud Exoniam absque causa rationabili ceperunt 
et imprisonaverunt et ipsum ibidem sic in prisona contra legem et 
consuetudinem regni nostri Anglie diu detinuerunt. Et alia, &c. 

Addressed. To John Coteler, lutenant, Thomas Cook, John 
Germyn, Walter Pope, Richard Druell, and other, this letter be 
delyvered, &c. 



XV. 

THE MAYOR AND COMMONALTY OF EXETER TO THE LORD 
CHANCELLOR. February* 1447-8. [Draft Letter.] 

Praying him to write to the Bishop and desire him to conform to the King's command- 
ment, and to stay the suit at common law. 

Please hit yn to youre right gode and gracyous Lordship of 
youre specyall grace and favo r to write unto the right reverend 
fader yn God and blessed man yn hym self Edmund Bysshop of the 
Cathedrall churche of Excetre and to the Deane and Chapitre of 
the same, as touchyng the grete mater yn variance that by long 
tyme hath honged betwene the seid Bysshop, Deane and Chapitre 
and the Maier and Communalte of the seid cite ; furst, yf hit please 



40 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILL1NGFORD, 

yow, recytyng how that the seide mater of variance came before 
youre gode Lordship and the two Chif Justises by the high com- 
maundement of oure soverayn lord the Kynge by theire sute, 
ynstance, and laboure to his highnesse therof made, at whiche tyme 
the seide mayer and communalte wolde full fayne to have be 
dysmyssed a large and the mater to have be determyned atte comyn 
lawe, bot for drede of the seide commaundement, to tham right 
ferfull, obeyed and bounden them to abide the rule of youre gode 
lordeship and the seide two chif justises after the seide commaunde- 
mente ; and so they have governed tham, don and fulfilled all thyng 
that longeth to theire part to don ; and if any thyng lakke they 
beeth redy to perfourme hit as they seyn, trustyng to God verily to 
have hadde right a gode ende. Whereapon how that ye yn your 
gode lordship yn the ende of the last terme of Seynt Mighell, for 
shortness of tyrne and grete bysnesse for J?e Kyng, evyng yn com- 
maundement to the seid parties to go home, nywe bondis to be 
made and enseled yn to Candelmasse, and yn the mene tyme to 
entrete at home to shorte the mater to youre blessed Lordis, and so 
an ende to have be made this terme. Bot as ye beeth enfourmed by 
the part of the seide Mayer and Communalte that they beeth varied 
fro the seide comaundements and suyth a large atte comyn lawe to 
yow grete mervaylle if hit so be, praying tham specially at this 
tyme to be refourmed and confourme tham to the seide com- 
maundement, the whiche the seide Maier and Communalte have 
and woll yn alle wise obeye, abide, and be bounde therto, as they 
seyn, to have a gode ende and pees ; and as us thenkyth hit is yo r 
part to do the same ; and so we woll that ye do atte reverence of 
Godes pleasure, of the Kyng, and oure worship, and as ye woll yese 
and pees yn this mater ; and ellis to oonswer the Kynges com- 
maundement and oure rule, and to lete us have yn knowleche why 
ye woll not. a 

a The latter part of this petition shows that it was only a draft. The last sentences 
were evidently intended to be employed by the Chancellor in addressing the Bishop. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, AD. 1447-8. 41 



XVI. 

THE ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY TO THE BISHOP OF 
EXETER. Lambeth, 16 Feb., 1447-8, 

Begging him to refrain from proceeding at Common Law because the matter is by his 
labour and that of the Justices in course of settlement under the bonds that were 
made to Candelmass last. Trusts that a composition may be made and if any difficult 
point arise the judges will settle it. 

Ryght Worsliipfull and wyth all my herte right welbeloved 
Brother, I grete you well full hertly. And suppose ye be well 
remembrid howe that matier whiche longe tyme hath abiden yn 
travers bitwixte yow, your Brethren and myn, your Deane and 
Chapitre of yowre churche of Excetre, and the Mayer and the Com- 
minalte of the same, by speciall comaundement of the Kyng was 
commytted and putte to the rule of the two chief Justises and me, 
wheryn as God knowyth they and I have laboured long tyme, and 
specially the last term yn our effectuall wyse for the gode of pease 
and sure conclusion to growe therof, bryngyng the matier by day lie 
labour to grete ripenesse the soner therby to have concluded theryn : 
And for as moche as we myght not approchyng the ende of the 
terme further labour theryn, hit was comyned and desyred nywe 
bondis to be made and enselid at home by bothe parties unto Can- 
delmasse last passed trustyng the matier to have be comyned and 
yn partie entreted at home. And as nowe we wold have preceded 
theryn to somme gode conclusion ; and the matier is attained at 
large yn the comyn la we: We praye yow as yet that, notwith- 
stondyng havyng consideracion the seide Mayer and Comminalte 
have att all tymes and yet ben as they seyen redy to obey and 
abide all entrety, yow like to putte the matier to take soner effec- 
tuall ende by entrety and yntercommunicacion than by rigour of 
the lawe. And yf ther be eny poynte of grete difficultee or tra- 
vers, the seide Juges and I woll putte to owr labour to the remedy 

CAMD. SOC. G 



42 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

and redresse therof with all our hertis and power. And almyglity 
Jhesu have yow ever yn his keeping. Writen at Lamehithe the 
xvj daye of February, 

J. ARCHEBYSSHOP OF CAUNTERBURY. 

Indorsed. The besshop of Canterbury to the bishop of Exon. 



XVII. 
THE CHANCELLOR TO THE CHIEF JUSTICE, 

Urging him to use his influence with the Bishop for an entreaty to be had at home. 

Worshipfull and right welbeloved Frend, Y grete yow well, 
and doute not ye be well remembred of that mater whiche hath 
longe tyme abiden yn travers betwixte my Brother of Excestre the 
Deane and Chapitre and the Maier and the Comminalte of Excetre, 
wheryn ye for your part have hadde grete laboure ; y pray yow, 
considryng the mater is attainyd at large in the comyn lawe not 
likely by that mene to be ended lightly, as your wysedom knowyth 
well, yow like at this tyme yn your beyng ther to move and enduce 
my seid Brother and alle parties to putte the mater yn entrety at 
home, trustyng as me semyth fully wyth more charite and lasse 
coste the mater to take sonner ende by that mene than by processe or 
rigour of lawe withoute your dysplase. And almyghty Jhesu have 
yow yn his kepyng. Writen, &c. 

The bishop of Canterbury unto the lord ChefF Justice for an 
intrety to be had. 



XVIII. 

INSTRUCTIONS TO KICHARD DRUELL, DRAWN BY SHILLINGFORD. 

Lent, 1447-8. [Draft.] 

Druell is to recommend the Mayor, &c. to the Lord Chancellor. Pray him to remember 
how the Mayor last departed from him, and specially of the communication had with 
him the Sunday morning before the Mayor departed in his "ynner chamber" at Lam- 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 43 

beth. He abided till Tuesday, and had a letter to the Bishop of Exeter. Also tell 
him he sent his letter to the Bishop by John Hulle, John Coteler, and you Richard 
Druell. The Bishop sent Canon Kys to treat with the Mayor, who refused to treat 
with any one but the Bishop; but they agreed to refer matters to counsel on either 
side, and met at the Cathedral, Copleston, Kingston, and Wood for the Bishop, and 
Radford, Hocly, Beef, and Dowrish for the City. No answer yet given to the City's 
articles. The Bishop sent word to the Mayor that he would be at Exeter to meet 
him. In the evening the Mayor waited on the Bishop. The Bishop spoke with him. 
The Mayor attended at the Cathedral on Monday morning "at 10 atte belle " and 
was assigned to come before the Bishop in the Chapter House. ? Lent, 1447-8. 

Furst ye shall recommende the Maier and all the hole comminalte 
of the Cite. of Excetre to my lorde Chaunceller is gode and gracyous 
lordship as his awne puple and true bedmen, and at his commaunde- 
ment at alle tyme redy, and that this be seide with more after your 
discrecyon yn the most godely wyse and under the most best and 
convenyent termys as longeth to his high astate and plesure as 
lord. Y sey for rny self by my trawthe and for all the seide Com- 
minalte as y suppose, yn wham after the Kyng your soverayn lorde 
we have most feith hope and truste verylye, ever thankyng hym of 
all his ryght grete gode gracyous and endyfferent lordship at alle 
tymes to us redy shewed and don, and yn especiall yn this mater 
yn debate by twene the right reverende Fader yn God and blessed 
gode man if he most be Edmund Bysshop of Excetre, and the 
Deane and Chapitre therof of that oo part, and the symple Mayer 
his man and the Comminalte of the seyde Cite of that other part, 
the which mater, with the grace of God, with contynuance of the 
gode, gracyous, and endyfferent lordship of my seide lorde, 'the 
grounde of right y knawed yn bothe parties by leysur ys like to 
take effecte and gode ende. 

After this recommendacion and thanks ye shall praye my seyde 
lorde of his gracyous lordship to be remembred how the seide Mayer 
last departed fro hym, and specially of the communicacion that the 
seyde Mayer hadde with my seide lorde the Sonedey yn the 
mornyng next be fore his departyng yn my lordis ynner chamber at 
Lambyth, wher y moved my lord of meny dyvers maters and yn 



44 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFOKD, 

especyall of my lord Bysshop of Excetre and of the grete mater 
hongyng yn debate by twene hym the Dean and Chapiter and the 
seide Cyte, and how that as y supposed that my seide lorde of 
Exceter had no more knawlyche of the grounde of this mater then 
the ymage yn the cloth of areys ther, &c. and yf he kny w the right 
title and grounde of this mater, considryng his blessednesse holy 
lyvynge and gode consyence, that hit wold be cause myche the 
rather to be at a god6 ende, and cause to knowe the better the gode, 
gracyous, and favorable lordship that my seyde lord Chaunceller 
hath showed and don as well to my seid lord Bysshop of Excetre 
Dean and Chapitres part as to the Cite of Excetre and elles not, &c. 
My seyde lord Chaunceller conceyved and consydred me well, and 
seyde that y sholde have a letter wyth me to his seide brother 
Bisshop of Exceter of this matter, and comaunded me to abide, and 
so y didde anon to Tuysdey, the whiche Tuysdey y hadde the letter 
delyvered wherof y send a copy. That day y spake to my lord to 
have a tokyn to Sir John Wulston to have oure articles y-answered. 
My seide lord as y conceyved Jiym seide y -sholde not nede, for he 
knyw well that they would answer at home, and so that they hadde 
promytted hym. Y seide of lesse then they wolde answer 'to the 
articulis y sholde never enduce my felowship to no suche * entrety ; and 
thus y hadde my leve and departed fro my lorde and came home to 
Excetre, &c. Item, ye shall enfourme my lorde of the governance 
at Excetre tyme of assise and specially of the wacche and kepyng of 
]?e pees, and how that my lord of Excetre is tenantis were somned 
to come and kepe the wacche and the pees and came not, and what 
querell ther was made by the surveyur and Copleston, and how the 
Mayer bade ham to compleyne to the Justise and so they didde, and 
how the Justise demened hit, so that the seyde tenants wolde have 
come afterward as well as be fore yf they moste, but they wer 
forbode apon a grete payne and charged yf eny of the Mayeres 
officers entred yn to eny tenement of the Bysshop for to warne 

a no suche first written " none." 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1417-8. 45 

eny man to come to the wacclie that they sholde breke his hed, 
wherof hit was like to have be right myche a do and grete treble. 
Kerthelez the pees by the mayeres rule well y kepte and all other 
thynggis so don that y truste to God the Justise woll reporte the 
beste. 

Item ye shall enfourme my lorde how that y sende his letter to 
my lord Bysshop of Excetre by John Hulle, John Coteler, and 
yow Richard Druell ; how godeley the letter was receyved, what 
gode chere and welfare they hadde there, and the answer that they 
hadde to the letter; that my lorde the Bysshop seyde that hit was 
not his part ne noght wolde comyne ne hire therof, but that he 
wolde sende his Counseill Copleston specyally to comyne of that 
mater, &c. and so the seyde John Hulle, John Coteler, and Druell 
departed, &c. Sone afterward came to the Mayer fro my seyde 
lord Bysshop of Excetre Sir Rogger Kys, chanon, and seyde that 
he hadde a bulle y come fro my lorde of Excetre, that he sholde 
speke with the Mayer there to know his entent of the seyde letter, 
and so to reporte to my lorde. The seide Mayer seide to hym ayen 
that he cowde a no sky 11 to speke entrete ne uttre no mater to my 
seyde lord Bysshop by mene. And that the seyde Maier conceyved 
and knywe right well that his seyde lorde Bysshop toke unworthy 
as he myghte right well for sympelnesse and poverte to speke or 
entrete with hym. Nerthelez he seyde 'suche sympell as he was he 
was Mayer of Excetre and hadde yn comaundement of my lord 
Chaunceller to speke, uttre maters, and entrete with hymself. Wher- 
for he seyde that he after my lordes commaundement and as Mayer 
of Excetre he wolde boldely take hit upon hym, &c. Kys wolde 
no ferther yn that, but moved and stured of other divers entreteys. b 
And y seide ayen, sithen that they wolde leye this entrety apart, 
what ever entrety they wolde move, sture, or desire resonable hit 
sholde be aggreed, so that no defaute shoulde be founde yn oure 

a cowde oowde, MS. 

b " And yn especiall to have a day of entrety, ij. of their counseyll y called to and ij 
of oures. Whereupon we accorded of a day. The Mayor " struck out in MS. 



46 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

part; wherapon we comyned of divers maters and entretyes, and 
atte last we conducended yn this wyse: ij men to be nempted of 
ayther counseyll to sette ayther party yn rule of entrety; hit was 
aggreed, men of counseyll y nempted, and a dey y sette at Seynt 
Peter's. They nempted Coplestone yn certeyn, Hengston or Wode 
for their part. Y, Mayer, rvempted Kadeforde in certeyn; Hody, 
Beef, or Douryssh as y myghte gete, and so departed. The whiche 
dey at Seynt Peter's we mette with bothe counseill, but they 
fayled of Hengston and broghte Copleston and More. We faylled 
Kadeford and broghte Beef and Douryshe ; wher was myche com- 
municacion, ye Druell beyng present at that tyme and at every 
doyng and communicacion sithen; wherof y pray yow to remembre 
yow right well and enfourme my lorde of all thynge truly and yn 
especyall of the answer to our articulis how ofte yn name of my lordes 
commaundement above seide hit hath be asked what answers we 
have hadde, and latyst specially, and how the counseyll at Seynt 
Peteres Churche tyme aboveseyde, seyde hit was reson that we hadde 
answers to oure articulis, and hit was aggreed. The Dean seyde that 
they wolde not entrete but yf they hadde Hengston, and seyde that 
they had meny old charters, evydences, and munimentes that their 
counseyll saw never, whiche sholde be shewed. We seyde and 
prayed for the love of God that they myght be shewed, yf eny suche 
were, and it sholde ende the mater but it wer lawfully answered ; 
and so dey yeve over and ajorned yn to Hengston is corny ng. Our 
counseyll asked yf they sholde eny lenger tary for this mater : they 
seide nay, and so our counsell was by them conveyed and so de- 
parted fro us that dey ayenst nyght. The morun at viii atte cloke 
came to the Mayer my lorde of Exceter is surveyour and Copleston 
and warned hym that my seyde lorde Bysshop of Exceter wolde be att 
Exeter that same dey atte oon atte clokke to speke w* hym of the 
maters comprehended yn the letter that my lorde Chaunceller sende 
to hym by the Mayer ; of the whiche warnyng the Mayer was fowle 
astoned and encombred, and seyde that this was grete mervaille to 
hym, trusty ng to God that it was not my lorde Chauncelleres com- 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 47 

maundement that ray lorde of Excetre should come so, but that the 
seyde Mayer with other of his felowship sholde come to hym at his 
assignement and callyng as their parte is, and wolde w l right gode 
will to comyne after the oommaundement and the entent of the seyde 
letter, and thought that my lord of Exceter were avysed and ruled 
so to come for so myche as the matter of the seide letter by my lord 
of Exceter was leide apart as is aboveseyde, and a nywe fourme of 
entrety take and entred yn entrety, and the matter ajorned over by 
avys of bothe counseyll as hit is aboveseide. Y cowde ne wolde 
not, savyng my seid lorde Bysshop of Exceter is commaundement, 
nother speke ne entrete w* hym of this matter, prayng so to have 
me ascused ; but yf he wolde nedys thus come, y w l my felowship 
wolde awayte apon his gode lordeship, and comyng w* all worship 
and reverence to receyve hym as oure part was. Copleston asked yf 
this sholde be oure answer, and yf hit so sholde he most sende a man 
yn hast ayen my lord for my lord was comyng. The Mayer seide 
this was hasty processe, and conceved right well that hit was do for 
to take hym yn a defaute, whiche he trusteth to God and my lord 
Chauncelleres gode lordeship that they sholde not ; and seide they 
shold take this for none answere, for the mater tochith the grete 
Comminalte of the Cite of Exceter as well as hym. But communi- 
cacion y hadde w* felowship they sholde have an answer. Cople- 
ston seyde hit most be don forth with, for my lorde was comyng. 
The Maier seyde he most have resonable tyme for callyng and of 
communicacion. and desyred ij cures, oone to calle another to 
comyne, and no moo. And that with grete ynstance and prayer 
was graunted, with ynne whiche ij cures and fast by oon oure they 
were answered that the Mayer w* alle the worthy of the Cite 
wolde awayte apon his gode lordship and his comyng. And at alle 
tymes to be all redy to come to his commaundement to his presence 
and specially suche as he wolde calle accordant to the writyng of 
my lord of Canterbury. At yevensonge tyme rny lorde the Bysshop 
was come, the Mayer w* alle the worthy as ys aboveseide and 
grete parte of the Comminalte, a fair felowship hardly, way ted apon 



48 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

hym as is aboveseid, a and well corned hym yn the most best and 
godely wyse that they cowde. How hit was y take and what 
stronge chere was hadde of the meyny y pray yow to reporte 
When my lorde hadde seide his prayers atte high auter, he went a. 
part to the syde auter by hym self and called to hym a part the 
Maier and no moo and there comyned to geder a grete while. My 
seide lorde the Bysshop seyde to the Maier that he was come to 
towne by commaundement of my lorde^Chaunceller to speke with 
hym, and seyde that he sholde seye what that he wolde. The 
Maier answered and seyde he trusted to God that my lorde Chaun- 
celler commanded not so, and b that he right hevy was of his grete 
laboure at that tyme and that hit neded not, for yf he had send for 
the Maier b and suche of his felowship as hit plesed hym to have 
come to hym they wolde have come to hym at my lord Chaun- 
celleres commaundement and his as their part was with right gode 
wyll, and that as he supposed was the entent and commaundement 
of my lorde Chaunceller, praying hym forthermore and bysechyng 
hym of his gode and gracious lordship to be oure gode lord as he 
hath be before this tyme, with myche more &c. And that hit pleased 
hym to assigne hym an oure the morun, &c. My seide lorde seide 
he myght not tary, but be agone anon. The Maier seide that he 
cowde not comyne with hym sodenly and with so shorte avys and 
by hym self, and my lorde Chauncelleres commaundement was that 
y sholde have w* me at this communicacion of my felows suche 
as hit pleased yow. And at your commaundement my seide lorde 
seide y sholde take wham that y wolde, there stode right y nogh c 
abowte. The Maier seide yf he sholde so do he most comyne 
w 1 hys felowship wham he sholde have, and that oon of them 
that they wolde have as he knywe well was Thomas Cook seke lame 
at home, and so prayed my lorde most specially of his gode and 

a after aboveseide " w* all the reverence that they cowde " struck out. 
b "that" to " Maier" put in place of " that hit longeth to his astate to have bide at 
home and to have commaunded the seide Mayer to come to hym." 
c ynogh first written ' ynowe." 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 49 

gracious lordship to have dey over yn to a mourn ; and so w l myche 
hardnys, prayer, and ynstance hit was graunted at x atte clokke, and 
so hadde leve of my lorde and departed yn to a mourn. 

Among other next aboveseide my seide lorde commaunded the 
seide Maier to shewe that speciall writyng that he hadde promysed 
to my lorde Chaunceller that sholde make an ende of all the mater, 
and ther apon he stiked fast with stroynge longage and chere as well 
as yn other maters aboveseide. The seide Maier answered and seide 
he hadde made noo suche speciall promys, and that he trusteth to 
God my lord Chaunceller woll reporte. The Bysshop taried at 
Excetre fro Fridey yevynsonge tyme yn to a Monedey erly yn the 
mornynge. The Maier way ted apon his gode lordship at alle tymes 
as his part was, and pvoferred hym his servys yf eny thyng he 
sholde and myght do or eny of the Cite ; they wer alle redy at his 
commaundement and ever prayed him of his gode lordship, and 
forthermore moved hym yf eny thyng wer by commaundement fro 
my lorde Chaunceller to call hym therfor, they wer at alle tyrnes 
redy to obeye, do, and come by his commaundement, and so 
bysoghte hym to take and reporte us, &c. 

At whiche tyme, at x atte belle, by assignement of my seide lorde 
the Bysshop, the seide Maier and his felowship w* their coun- 
seyll awayted apon my seide lorde the Bysshop in Seynt Peteres 
Churche of Excetre, and there and at that tyme they were assigned 
to come be fore hym yn the Chapitre hous of Seynt Peteres. 

Memorandum. To have yn mynde of a blynde entrety, and how 
hit hath be ladde forth thus hiderto. 

Memorandum. Of the priestis that beth endyted. 
Indorsed. A letter of Instructions to Kichard Druell. 



CAMD. SOC, 



50 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 



XIX. 

SHILLINGFORD TO THE CHANCELLOR. Soon after 13 March, 
1447-8. [Draft Letter.] 

The parties have been in treaty before Sir Richard Newton, Chief Justice of the Common 
Pleas, at Exeter, and also before the Bishop at Crediton. Hopes for a "gode ende." 

Please hit your gode and gracious lordship to have yn your 
blessid remembraunce as touchyng the grete matiers yn debate 
betweene the right reverend fader in God and blessed man in him 
self and my right gode lord yn tyme hath be and yut throgh 
your gracious lordship I truste to God shal be, Edmond Bisshop of 
Exceter, the Deane and Chapitre of the same, and the Mayer and 
Cominalte yo r owne puple and poore bedemen of the seid Cite of 
Excetre, how hit pleased yo r gode and gracious lordshippe this same 
terme of Seynt Hillary to write a lettre unto my seid lord the 
Bysshop of Excetre, to have the seyd matier yn trete at home as a 
hit was bi your lordship comaunded at a Mighelmasse terme, whiche 
lettre ye yeve me yn special comaundement to bere my self to my 
seid lard of Excetre ; after b which comaundement I toke hit apoun me 
and so did, where, through favoure of yo r c gode lordship, I ferid 
wel, had gode chere, and was yn the best wise right wel come, and 
al thing comprehendid yn yo r lettris yn ful godely wise take, 
obeyed, assent, and agreed. Eadford and Copleston to be d at. 
Excetre to trete yn the matyer; and so thei were at tyme of assises, 
at whiche tyme S r Eichard Neuton, chief Justise of the Comun 
piece, called the parties before him, and the seid John Copston 
and N. Radford, and there he hardly did indifferently his true 
tendre and diligent labo r and parte for the gode appesyng and 
welfare of bothe parties yn the seid mater, after the effect and 
extent of y e blessid lettre fro your lordship to him send by me. 

a as to at originally " after yo r comaundement yn." 

b after originally " at." c where to yo r originally" where for yo r love." 

d to be originally " beyng." 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 51 

Whereapon day was assigned on Wensday next after Passion 
Sonday a . . . . the seid Copleston and Radford to intrete of this 
mater; at whiche day the seid Copston and Radford, and I the seyd 

Mayor, with my felowship, were at Kyrton before my seyd 

Bisshop of Excetre, my lorde of Devonshire at that tyrne beyng 
present. And there and at that tyme a b reule was mouthid and 
had b accordyng to the forme of a condicion of an obligation, 
whereof I have send to yo r lordship a copy yn this lettre, to whiche 
both e parties at that tyme aggreed and assentid ham, a c special 
communication had before c with the seid justise by me the seyd . . . 
my counseil and felowship ; trustying to God and to yo r gode lord- 
ship to have right a gode ende. And, yf noe, ever to resorte to 
your gode lordship accordant to the kynges comaundement, by 
Goddis mercy, whiche preserve yo r gode lordship in his high mercy. 



XX. 

SHILLINGFORD TO DRUELL. After Lent, 1447-8. 

Instructions to speak to the Chancellor upon the matter. 

Furst, ye shall remembre my lord how ye last departed fro hym 
by your olde enstruccion. Item, declare hym yn especiale of vy w 
de Franke plegge, what hit is, and as many thyngis as hit drawith to 
hym as fer as ye can, the whiche no lerned man can well declare, 
ther beth so many. Item, how the cite stondeth entitled theryn, 
&c. Item, ye shall enfourme hym of the grete laboure that hath 
ben at London sithenys, &c. by an enstruccon and letter that sholde 
have be sende home, yn the whiche is conteyned shortly myche of 
the grete laboure that hath [be] at London. Also ye shall enfourme 

a 13 March, 1447-8. 

b a to had originally " the seyd Copston and Radford made a reule as hit apperyth 
yn," then " a reule was had and made by the seyd Copston and Radford." 
c a to before originally " moreover ther was a communicacion had." 



52 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

hym of the Justyses comyng yn to Excetre, how he was receyved, 
what chere he hadde, and how he toke hit, and what rule and 
governance hath be at Excetre at tyme of his beyng ther, and yn 
especyall of the wacche, and how that the Bysshoppis counseyll was 
w* the Maier, makyng grete querellis by cause that he somned the 
Bysshoppis .tenaunts to watche ; the mayer avowed hit well, and 
seide that that somnys was no wronge, ne cause to make no querell, 
but that he woll do more ; of lesse a then they wold come when 
they were somned, that he wold streitly punysshe ham, and that 
they sholde knowe well. b The Maier made his grete querell to the 
seide Bysshoppis counsell, seyyng that they hadde forbode the 
Bysshoppis tenants every apon payn of xl s that they sholde not 
come to wacche, and that they had seyd that yf eny of the Maiers 
officers entred yn to any hous, that is of that that the Bysshop 
calleth his fee, that the tenant sholde breke his hed. Wherapon 
the Mayer made right grete wayward longage to tham. c The 
Maier seide waywardly he wolde ,do more, he wolde make levy 
bothe of the Citeseyn spendyng and the fe ferme, and that he wolde 
well avowe, and bade ham of all to enforme the Justise therof, and 
that he wolde do the same, and so the Maier did, and the Justise to 
all thyng for the cite is part yn resonabilly gode wyse toke hit, and 
yn especiall the wacche yn the best wyse, so that they woll wacche 
now w* a gode wyll, and beth gode men and eysy as at Radwey. d 
"Wherof y pray yow to enforme my lord of all thyng that was done 
and seyde ther at that tyme, &c. Next after this ye shall yn the 
Mayer is name speke to my lorde for John Coteler and John Gerrnyn, 
and then ye shall speke to hym for the Mayer of Pencrygge, w 1 all 



of lesse, in the sense of "unless," as in a previous page, and again in p. 70. 

b well after this there was "and seid to ham that they sholde enfourme the Justise 
thereof, and so they did." 

c tham after this there was originally "and bade ham to telle that to the Justise, and 
seide that he wolde do the same, and so he did." 

d Radwey was one of the Bishop's seats. The allusion appears to be to the obedience 
and good conduct of the Bishop's men there as compared to that of his men in the City. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 53 

the grete circumstance. Y pray yow to remembreyow of all thyngs 
therof. After this ye shall speke to hym for the Mayer, that the 
Mayer that is and shalbe some tyme, may not ne shall not mow 
dar a to rule the Kynges puple after his lawys, ne putte the lawe yn 
execucion, ne do ryght as he is sworn to for drede of my lord, and 
sey un to hym what men defauteth ryght by his comaundement. 
Furst, oon Wouston, my lordes tenant, and Richard Prewe. Also 
the jugement by twene Broghton and the Glasier, and by twene 
John Husset versus John Notte, and specially of S r John Notte of 
his fyn. Item in speciall of S r Thomas Gogh, how he is take 
out of Court, and the Court stondeth y charged w k hym in dyvers 
wyse, and S r William Slug defauteth ryght, and meny other[s] that 
wolde sywe ayenst hym ther. Item, of William Hampton, he 
remayneth by wey of execucion contrary ayenst y e lawe as hit is 
supposed, and lith yn grete myschif. Also afte tymes [the Mayor] 
hath not dar do the lawe and execucon thereof, as right requyreth, 
apon his tenants, mayny and other, as Huxhill, John Fyle gold- 
smyth, most specially Robert May and his wyf, by wham the Mayer 
is rebuked, &c. Richard Ree specially ; his mynstral made affray 
apon a woman, and wold have ravasshed hir. S r Thomas Gogh ]?* 
made affray and toke the churche late. Forest seide Y Y se yd S r 
Thomas was my lordes man. John Hussett arest a Saterdey, he 
most be dely vored to make my lordes work. Thomas Mayer ynter- 
ruptyng our franchise a Lammasse yeven. Of alle these and right 
meny moo ]? e Mayer hath not dar do right lawe ne execucon, for 
now almost every man taketh colo r by my lord. Bysekyng ]? s to be 
remedyedj and also of beryng of the mace w*out Westyeat and of 
J? e brygge b while seson ys. 



a dar after this " for drede of my lorde " has been struck out. 

b p e brygge Exbridge was in decay at this time ; Shillingford made great efforts to 
restore it. See his petition in the Appendix. 



54 LETTERS OP JOHN SHILLINGFOED, 

XXI. 

SHILLINGFORD TO HIS DEPUTY IN LONDON. INSTRUCTIONS TO 
SPEAK TO THE CHANCELLOR. Soon after Easter, 1448. 

Desires more time to answer the Bishop's new articles. Search to be made among the 
Public Records for evidence. Since " our departing from London " the Canons have 
changed their conduct, and behave peacefully. 

* ***** # 

of all his right gode, endifferent, and gracious Lordship 

ally yn this grete mater yn 

debate by twene the righte reverende ffader yn God 

be Edmund Bysshop of Excetre 

and the Dean and the Chapitre there of that oo parte 

Cominalte of the said Cite of that other parte. The 

whiche mater with the grace of God and 

gracious endifFerent Lordeship of my saide Lorde, with leiser shall 
take gode effecte and ende and rig partyes. 

After this recommendacion and thankys ye shall remembre my 

Lord how ye laste departed fro hym and sh to reherce 

to hym the articulis that comyth to yowre mynde, that beth com- 
prehended yn the olde enstrucc[ion], the whiche ye delyvered un 
to my Lorde ayenst the Mayeris wyll, savynge my Lordes com- 
maundement, ffor sympelnys of enditynge and writynge, con- 
sideryng his high astate ; bisechyng hym to have the articulis ayen, 
yff hit plese hym, for youre better enstruccion; ffor this cause that 
y wolde noght hit were y-knowe that suche writynge cam fro me, 
leste the parties sigrie defaute yn me, and be more werce willed and 
dangerous to entrete. Nertheless if my Lorde suppose eny article 
comprehended theryn be not try we, hit shalbe avowed try we by a 
nother mene ; and if my Lorde wyll that the same boke shall be 
avowed, hit shall be a bide by, and pryved trywe every poynte 
comprehended theryn. 

Forthermore, ye shall remembre my Lorde of oure comynge 



MAYOR OF EXETEK, A.D. 1447-8. 55 

haste to London ; of oure beynge ther ; and how we departed 
thens. Ferst, howe we cam thider, and kepte oure daye, by the 
Kynges commaundement and by my saide Lordes, atte ferst day of 
the xv e , and sholde have receved the articulis the Wendisday next 
after. But by the speciall dilygent and tendre laboure, ferst of 
M. John Druell, youre unkell, and after by prayer and desire of 
alle other of that parte beynge ther at that tyme, we were prayed 
and desired to abide with the articulis un to oure comynge home, 
for theire evidence and theire better counseill to make theyre arti- 
culis was at home, and that we be delyvered therof by boke 
endented, yn shorte tyme after oure comynge home ; wher to we 
truste[d] fully, and therfor called no more upon my Lorde to have 
the articulis delyvered there ; and elles we wolde truly to have had 
tyme fro that xv e ynto this xv e to have made oure answere, and 
yet that tyme had be full shorte, considerynge, etc. How we sped 
whenne we come home, hit is comprehended yn the olde forsaide 
enstr[uc]cyon, all most anon to the ende of the Parlement. What 
hath be seide and don sithen ye come ho [me] fro the Parlement, 
ye knowe right well ; ye have be at alle tymes present. Apon the 
deliverance of whiche ar[ticulis] to us covenant was at London 
that we sholde have had a communicacion to breve the mater at 
home ayenst oure comynge to London at thys tyme, to my Lordes 
eyse and pleisere. How y have labored and called daylly to have 
the articulis delyvered, and communicacion ther apon,~as covenant 
was at London, ye knawe well ; and so y praye yowe enfourme my 
Lorde for oure exscuse, and how the articulis were delyvered us 
but a Thursday a fore Palme Sonday, a and that full sympelly yn 
paper, and afterwarde, at oure prayer and request, yn parchement, 
but noght endented, as covenant was ; they exscused ham, and wolde 
noght therof. Y wolde have comyned w* ham to have breved the 
mater, as covenant was, and as hit is aforsaide ; and they seyde they 
hadde no power therto, ne cowde ne wolde not, but hire all thynge 
that y wolde seye, and eve me none answere, but reporte me. And 

> 4 April 1448. 



56 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

y thoghte, and seide that was no reson ; y seyynge if they wolde 
keep ham clos, y wolde do the same, and seye to ham right noght ; 
and if they wolde eny thynge sey and disclose, y wolde the same 
and more, to the entente to bryve the mater ayenst oure comynge 
be fore my saide Lorde atte terme, at his eise and pleisere. They 
wolde therof yn no wise, but made protestacion, as tochynge the 
articulis, that they wolde addere ad a diminuere, the substance noght 
changed, oon article excepted, the whiche they wolde adde yn sub- 
stance ; and thus be we uncerteyn as yet of the articulis, and almost 
but as we departed fro London ; and God wote that is not oure 
defaute, for as ye knowe right well as fer as y myghte honestly y 
have called upon almost dailly to have the articulis delyvered, and 
a communicacion ther uppon yn this mater, as hit is abovesaid ; the 
whiche if hit had be had, w* the grace of God, hit sholde have 
breved the mater, and turned to eyse to alle parties, and to my 
Lordis pleisere. And thus hit appereth hit is noght oure defaute, 
trustynge to God that oure party advers woll seye the same and 
they have seyde. And y seye by my trowthe, as y conceve, hyt is 
not myche theire defaute, that we have spoke and treted there with 
none of the Chanons at Excetre, ffor they have be and beth right 
yvell apayed of this longe tarynge and delaye of the articulis, and 
of myche other thynge, and yn the best wise wylled to entrete and 
to make an ende, and fyndeth theire exscuse by my Lord Bysshop 
of Excetre, and by theire counseyll ; but, as y conceyve, ther groweth 
myche thynge out of oo place and oo person specyally, etc. 

Ferthermore, y pray yow, what reporte that ever hath be made 
ayenst us by the Chanons part afore this tyme, for oure blame, that 
noght withstondynge, that ye reporte the beste and as trewthe is of 
theyre gode and sad governaunce sithen oure departynge fro 
London, for theire thanke and worship : ffor^ by my trawthe, they 
and alle theyris by theyre governance have governed ham yn the 
most best, gentyll, and saddist wise, to all ententis, sithen oure 
departynge fro London. Ferst, they seynge the streyte rule that 

sic MS. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 57 

the Mayer sette in the Cite for kepynge of the pees, they confourmed 
ham to the same, and ruled ham and alle theyris ther after, and so, 
blessed be God, that all nyght walkynge, yvell longage, visagynge, 
sholdrynge, and all riatous rule, is lefte, and gode rule y-come yn 
place, y-blessed be God and my Lord Chauriceller. For now ther 
is by twene the parties, as hit is conceyved, grete gode wyll, 
worship, courtesy, reverence, yn procession specyally ; fayre, gode, 
gentell, and curteys longage ; gode chere and right wellcome, gode 
welfare, and grete festis yn the Chanons parte, and of youre unkell 
M. John Dm [ell] most specially, and every day better then other, 
thanked be God ; and all groweth of my Lord Chaunceller, as [hit] 
is well conceyed. God continue hit!' For y ther a seye hit feith- 
fully, yf this rule had be had and kept a fore this tyme, we hadde 
never be yn this debate ; and yf it be contynued, myche hertis eyse ; 
the [strife ?] to be at an ende, and never to be yn debate no more, 
w* the grace of God. For now, if eny thynge be amys yn theire 
parte, the Mayer sendeth to tliam to amende hit, as so they doth, 
yn the beste wyse, w* sharpe execucion ; and if they sende to the 
Mayer, the Mayer doth the same for his parte. And thus hit 
semeth that longe tarynge of delyverynge of the articlis, and entre- 
tynge of the mater, hath do eyse, pryvynge the wyll and the 
pacyence of bothe parties, as now is pryved every day better then 
other ; w* this, that my saide Lord Lord b Chaunceller be gode and 
gracious Lorde to oure partie to have resonable dey to make an 
answere to the articulis, considerynge longe tyme that they have 
hadde yn makynge of the articulis, fro the xv e of Seynt Hillary yn 
to the xv e of Pasche ; and yet they have not nywe made ham, but 
corrected the olde, that were delyvered to us yn the xv e of Seynt 
Mighell, yn the whiche the substance of the nywe articulis ys 
myche comprehended. And so, as hit appereth, they have had tyme 
of makynge of theire articulis fro Mighelmasse yn to nowe ; and by 
reson the grounde of theire articulis was knowe be fore or they pur- 
chased theire nywe chartre of oure Soverayne Lorde the Kynge, and 

a ther ; i.e. dare. b Sic, MS. 

CAMD. SOC. I 



58 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

so longe tyme a bowte litell thynge, as hit appereth. Theire articulis 
yn substance is comprehended but yn iij thyngis. Oon is, that they 
cleymeth to have the Cimitere fre, ceperat fro the Cite of Excetre. a 
A nother article b that they cleymeth to have a fee called Seynt 
Stephenys Fee, ceperat and distyncte fro the Cite of Excetre, and 
no parcell of the same, and as they cleyme, and as they seyn, and 
uttred by Hengeston, of yldre tyme then is the Cite. And if hit 
so be, hit is harde to answere. Hit asketh meny grete encerchis ; 
ffyrste, yn cure tresory at home, a monge full meny grete and olde 
recordis ; afterward at Westminster, fyrste yn the Chauncery, yn the 
Eschecour, yn the Receyt, and yn the Towre ; and alle these 
encerches asketh grete laboure longe tyme, as after this, to make 
oure articulis, we have meny true ayenst oon of theyris. All this 
asketh longe tyme, and we can noght do, yn to tyme that we have 
and knowe the certeynte of theyre articulis ; bysechynge my saide 
Lorde Chaunceller to considere all this, and that the articulis that 
beth derke may be declared and dely vered yn certeyn, and of suche 
recorde that they be not varied fro ; so that if they be lawfully 
answered, that the parties be stopped, as yn a Courte ofrecorde, by 
wey of plee, etc. ; and that we have dey resonable to answere and 
article, so that for shortnys of tyme to answere and to article, that 
we be not desert, as we truste yn the favour of his gode and gra- 
cious Lordship. 

Ferthermore, as tochynge the iij de articule, yn substance is the 
Kynge oure Soverayn Lordes grete graunte, the whiche we can 
noght, ne may noght, ne wyll ne dar noght answere ne despute ; ffor 
of his riall power he may do what he wyll, for all thynge is at his 
commaundement, body, londe, and gode, etc. ; trustynge to God and 
oure Soverayne Lorde the Kynge, of his highnesse and grace, and 
my Lorde Chaunceller to be gode mene therto, that we mowe be 
demened after his lawis, and as right requyreth. And y pray yow, 

* Here the following words are struck out " the whiche y truste to God wol be 
answered and determined by evydent writynge." 
b Sic MS. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 59 

what was seyde yn the Gildehall at Excetre a Trusday yn the Ester 
wyke, first of cure Soverayne Lorde the Kynge, afterwarde of my 
Lorde Chaunceller, and how the puple beth willed and set, foryete 
ye hit noght, but lete hit be truly reported, as fer as hit comyth to 
youre mynde. 

Indorsed. Letters of Instruction. 



XXII. 

A MEMORANDUM SENT BY SHILLINGFORD TO SPEER IN LONDON, 
to be delivered to the Chancellor. After 10 April, 1448. 

Upon the breach at Tiverton between Radford and Hengston the Mayor spoke to Harry 
Webber, and the matter was put to the arbitration of Radford and Coplestone, but the 
entreaty is broken off again, he knows not why. 

Me d that apon the breche at Tyverton bitwen Eadford and 
Hengston,"of whiche reporte was made to the Mayer, he ]?en by 
the speche of the seid Eadford, and by labour and spekyng of Syr 
John Wolston, and other, was ynduced to speke wyth Maystej 
Harry Webber, and so I dide, beyng presente the seyd Sir John 
Wolstone and John Coteler; at which tyme ther was right gode 
and gentle communicacon, and thus accordide, and that by the 
motiun of Mayster Harry Webber, that John a Copleston and the 
seid Radford shuld have the mater yn communicacon, and as for oo 
poynt or tweyn yf such were, that they myght not accorde therof, 
&c. than the parties to be bounde to byde the reule of the lordis, 
&c. Of the which mocion the mayer was right wel apayed, and wyth 
assente of hys felowship fully agreyd hym therto, with all ther 
hertis, for hit was accordyng to my lord Chaunceler ys comaunde- 
ment, &c. Wherapon the seyd John a Copleston and Radford, by 
two joynte lettris, yn name of the r seyd Mayster Herry and the 
seyde Mayer, were sende fore yn all haste. And so they come and 
were yn communicacion by two dayes, and desirid the partyes to be 



60 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

bounde to bide the reule, ordinance, and arbitrement of them. The 
whiche was aggreed wyth this, that of such thingis as they myght 
not accorde of to be putte on the lordis as hit aboveseide, &c. They 
wolden not therof yn no wyse, but seide that thei were discharged 
and dymyssyd by the lordis, and so at large, and that they wold sue 
ne have a do ther no more. For this matter we seyd that we knew 
not therof, ne not so wolde, ne hit was not our parte yn to tyme 
that we had other knowliche, &c. They seyde yf we wolden so 
aggre us, that the Kyng and the lordis shulden thanke us, and that 
they wolden undertake uppon ham. Wherapon yf so, &c. hit was 
aggreed. After this ther was a nother communicacon, and then yn 
ther rehersall they wolde that the seyd Mayer shuld have sued for a 
discharge to be delyvored and departid for the seyd lordis. The 
seyd Mayer wold noght therof yn no wyse, ne so departe fro the 
lordis, hit was not his parte to do so wythoute ther special comaunde- 
ment, the whiche comaundement, yf they wolde ordeyne and gete, 
the Mayer wyth his felouship wyth right a gode wille wolde aggree 
hem, &c. The whiche seying was amytted, seying hit shulde be 
done, and bothe parties aggreed therto, and so departid atte ]?t 
time, &c. Sythenys the parties were never callid to gidre, and so 
this mater ys broke up, the caiise not knowed to us yn no wise. 
This mater write yn hast I praye yow to understonde h* well, and 
by ]?e avyse of Dowryssh to amende j?e makynge }?erof, if nede be, 
and ]?en to write h* clene, and have h* yn youre hond when ye 
speke w* my Lord Chaunceller as for yowre instruccion. And when 
ye may take a tyme yn communicacion to delyvere hit to hym, 
saynge to hym ]?t J?is was seride after yow yn grete hast for youre 
instruccion yn ]?is mater. 

(Signed) " M. [John Shillingford, Mayor.] 
o. 

Fur)?ermore J?* ye be fully remembred to meeve my lord Chaun- 
cellor ]?t no suyte be graunted ayenst us yn no wise, &c. 
To William Spere be j?is delyvered. 
Indorsed. Letters, enstruccions, and other remembrances. 



MAYOK OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 61 



XXIII. 

WILLIAM SPERE TO SHILLINGFORD. After 19 April, 1448. 

Has arrived in London and delivered the Mayor's letter to the Chancellor to Radford, 
who said he would present it the next day, and would see the Chief Justice. The 
matter was on in the Common Pleas, and was postponed. Describes the scene at 
dinner, when the letter was delivered to the Chancellor, and reports fully upon the 
proceedings in London. 

Memo d that on Saturday the xii e day of Aprile Thomas Dowrissh, 
and William Spere with hym, rode owte of Exoetre to London 
wardis, and came to London on tuysday next folwyng, a at iij. atte 
belle afternone, and anon as we came by my mayster is avis, and as 
the Mayeres commaundement was, &c. Y William Spere inquered 
as for John Afild, and soghte hym yn dyvers placys, and coude not 
fynde hym, and when y came ayen my Maister Dowrissh seid to me 
that he was don to wyte that my Mayster Eadford and my 
Maistresse his wyf were yn towne, and anon my Mayster Dowrissh 
lefte all his awne bysynesse, and went to seike my Maister Radford, 
and fonde him and seide that his Maister the Mayer of Exceter 
commaunded hym to hym, and apon that comyned with hym 
prevyly of the letter that we hadde to my lord Chaunceller fro the 
Mayer, and what was comprised yn the letter, and he was a 
passynge gladde man chery hardely, and seid he wold bere the 
letter hym self to my lord Chaunceller on the morun, and that my 
lord hadde bede hym to dyne with hym that day, Wendysday. 
Nethelez he seid that he wold go furst b [to] my lord Chief Justise, 
and recommaunde the Mayer and the comynes of Exceter to hys 
gode lordship, as his men and pore bedmen, and how that my lord 
Chaunceller efte, at Hillary terme, wrotte unto my lord Bysshop of 
Exceter, that touchy ng the grete mater yn variance, &c. not with 

16 April, 1448. 

b furst in place of " furst" there was originally " and comyne with." 



62 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

stondynge that hit be by hym tained yn the comyn lawe, yet wold 
conforme to entrety as efte, and the mater to be comyned and entreted 
at home, and that that was harde and diffuse, and that we myght 
not accorde therof, reporte to be made un to my seid lord Chaun- 
celler, and other lordis, and to the other to lordis Justices, they to 
make an ende accordant to the Kynges commaundement; and how 
that the Mayer and comynes offred ham self to alle rnaner resonable 
entrety, and a entrety hadde, and the gentelnesse and favo r and 
proffers that was on the part of the Mayer and comynes, and of all the 
mater, with the circumstance full and hole, and of the breche, &c. 
And my Mayster Bedford, and my Mayster Dowrissh, can enfo r me 
yow better than y, for y was not all thyng so nye ham to hire and 
knowe alle thyng that was seid and comyned, for my degree was 
not, &c. And there they comyned a grete while, and my lord 
Fortescu seid many things as me thoghte, and onys y herde hym 
seye, with right a gladde spyrute, "And my lord Chaunceller woll be 
endyfferent, we shall have a gode ende y truste to Almyghty God 
and owre lady," and sone after departed. And anon upon that, 
my Maister Kecorder went to Westminster, and Dowrissh, John 
Afylde, and y with hym, arid ther anon the mater was called upon 
yn comyn place, and forthwith anon my Mayster Radford send for 
Henry Brok, and charged hym that he sholde not appere as for 
attorney, and he seide no more he wold, bote he prayed the Justises 
wolde respite hit yn to yo r comyng, and seid the were conryng and 
wolde come, as sone as ye myght, And anon ther was grete 
callyng apon by Moyll, Wode, and other that were of conseill, were a 
the Bysship ; that not with stondyng, the mater was putte yn 
respite yn to the morun by alle the Justices. 

And so then the Recorder went to Lambeth to dyne with my 
lord Chaunceller, and y delyvered hym the letter, &c. and seid that 
y wold awayte upon hym there as sone as he hadde dyned, and so 
didde, and withyn an oure after wardes he toke his leve of my lord, 

* were (sic} MS. ? with. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 63 

and toke a bote and went to Temple, and y with hym. And there 
he tolde me that he dylivered yo r letter to my lord, or my lord went 
to his dyner, seyyng that the Mayer and all the hole Cornmunalte 
of Excetre recommaunded tham unto his gode and gracious lordship, 
and a his man and pore bedman, and kyssed the letter, and puttehyt 
yn to my lordes blessed hond, and my lord with a gladde conty- 
nance receyved the letter and seid that the Maier and alle the 
comynes sholde have Cristis blessyng and his, and bade my Maister 
Kadford to stonde up, and so didde, and anon my lord breke the 
letter, yeven while gracias was seyyng, and ther right radde hit 
every dell, or he went to his dyner, and when he hadde full radde 
hit he kepte hit with hym stille, and seid, with a myry chere chere 
(sic), these wordis: " Kadford, when we have dyned we shall comyne 
of this mater, and alle shall be well, with Goddes grace," &c. After 
dyner my lord called the Recorder to hym and comyned hym certyn 
thynges yn the mater, as me thoght by his menyng, of the whiche 
y wote well he hath comyned privy ly with Dowrissh, or elles he 
woll enfo r me yow of alle at his comyng fro Canterbury, for y went 
yn hast and made Dowrissh to come to hym to Paulis, and to 
comyne with hym of his beyng with my lord, &c. and so he didde, 
and somme of the comynyng y herde, hot all y myght not, bot 
afterwardis my mayster Recorder called me to hym and seid that ye 
shold wryte un to the kynge of this mater, rehercyng yn yo r 
writyng that there as afte hit liked the kyng to yeve yn commaunde- 
ment by his letters under his prevy seell to the Mayer and the 
Communalte of the Cite of Excetre, to abide the rule and ordynance 
of his Chaunceller of Engelon-d, and. his two Chif Justises, of the grete 
maters yn variance and travers bytwene the Bysshop of Exceter and 
the Deane and Chapiter there, and the Maier and Communalte of 
the same, and so hongying the mater yn entrety by the kynges 
commaundement, that not with stondynge the mater is a tained at 
large by the Bysshop yn the comyn lawe, contrary to the kynges 

and (sic) MS. ? as. 



64 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

commaundement, wherof that hit liked the kyng of his hignesse to 
yeve yn commaundement to the seid Bysshop to cesse of his sute, 
and to abide the rule of the seide jugis of the seide mater yn travers, 
&c. And y was right gladde of his seyyng, and seide that y wolde 
seye yow so at yo r corny ng, and so y toke my leve of hym, and he 
went to his soper, and the morun Thursday a by tymes he rode to 
Canterbury wardis, and his wyf with hym, a full sike woman hardely 
for she hadd sore falle of hire horce. And for]? with y went to 
Westminster, and spake with Dowrissh and Brok, and seyde to 
Brok that he sholde not appere as attornay for the Mayer and 
Comynes, and he said [he] wold not. And anon the [mater] was called 
apon, and the Justises mervaillynge that the Mayer came not, and 
ther apon yssuys were yn maner assessed at vij h as for the two 
writtes, then hit was seid to the Justises that the Mayer was corny ng, 
praying tharn to respite, &c. yn to the morun. And so they 
didde full gentilly. And anon S r John Wolston came to me and 
asked why ye were so longe, and y seid the wold be here yn hast, 
w 1 Goddis mercy, and then he seid that he wold fayne that there 
myghte be a gode ende yn this mater, and y asked by what mene, 
and he seid by entrety, and no rigo r ste of lawe, and y seide and he 
wolde so he wolde not lete calle so fervently atte barre apon the 
Mayer and Commines, &c. and y seide furthermore that the Maier 
and Commines at alle tymes have byden alle resonable entrety 
before thys, and yet bene redy to abide as y conceyved, and anon 
he seide me that there were many wylde and unresonable felows of 
the Cite of Excetre. And y asked what they were, and he seide 
William Hampton of Exceter, and other of the Sergeantes. And y 
asked why and for what cause, and he seide, with a high spirute, that 
William Hampton and other of the Sergeantes seid at Excetre, yn 
William Gyfford is hous, there yn hiryng of a priest of my lord 
Bysshop of Excetre there beyng neghe atte that tyme, that there 
shold meny a priest of the close of Exceter loste his hede onys of 

a 18 April, 1448. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 65 

myssomer yeven. And y seide y darst well seye that he ne none of 
his felow ne none other of the Cite seid never so, and asked yf eny 
other men cowde seye and wolde avowe that, and he seide he knyw 
none that wolde ne kowde sey so, saf the seide priest, and y seid that 
his tale was not be lyved, for hit wolle be supposed ever of yvell 
wille and none other. Also he seide un to me that my lord the 
Bysshop of Excetre hath write unto the kynge of this entrety hadde 
at home, and how that he obeyed hym yn the most lowly wyse to all 
entrety resonable, and came and labored yn his awne person to seke 
the weyes and menys of pees to hym grete un yese, and grete 
menys offred yn hys part, and yet that not wyth stondyng the 
entrety broken of, trustyng to God no defaute to be assigned ne 
founde yn his part, &c. The Friday a y came to Westminster, and 
there at [blank"] at belle the mater was called apoun by oure party 
advers 

[ The MS. here breaks off abruptly, as if unfinished.] 



xxv. 

SHILLINGFORD TO HIS FELLOWS (?) April 1448. 
[Draft Letter.] 

Was at Windsor on S. George's Day [23 April], and tarried there all day. Wednesday 
he came to London. The blame of the breaking off the last great entreaty at home 
thrown on the City, because they would not agree to give up the power to arrest canons 
and servants in the churchyard. They came before the Chancellor and two Justices at 
Lambeth, " after mete." Hengston not being there it was adjourned to the Ex- 
chequer Chamber till the morrow. 

Worthy sirs, y grete yow well alle, doyng yow to understonde 
that y was at Wyndesore to London wardis on seynt George is day, 
and there taried almost all that day, and cowde not hyre ne knowe 

a 19 April, 1448. 
CAMD. SOC. K 



66 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

there of noo thyng comprehended yn the letter y sende home to 
yow by William Duke, ne of none other thyng, bot all ther as well 
as hit was wont to be, and as y suppose with laboure and other 
thyng that longeth therto, yf men wyll better may be. The Wen- 
disday y came to London, where was moche longage of oure comyn 
mater, and specially of this laste grete entrety at home, how hit 
was broken up, and for right litell thyng, and all yn oure defaute. 
Thus hit was y seid that accorde was hadde here at home by the 
seide entrety, that the Bisshop sholde have his fee churche and cimi- 
tere parcell of the same, as he claymeth generally, and generall 
municion yn the churche, we to have right noght to don ne make 
none arestis withynne his fee, bot yn the cimitere to make arrestis, 
excepte of the Bysshop and his mayny, chanons, and alle men of 
habite, and for we wolde noght aggre bot to have power to arreste 
chanons men servants familiars withynne the cimitere, was only 
cause of brekyng up of the seide entrety. Y of purpose mette with 
S r John Wolston, of wham y suppose growe all this untrue longage, 
and asked hym, &c. He seid every word, and that the accorde 
was suche as hit is aboveseide, with more that ther was writyng 
therof, and by what menys y write, by the hondis of John More, yn 
presence of my lord of Devonshire, atte Blak Freris at Excetre, 
all redy to shewe ; y seide if any suche writyng were knowe and 
proved by my seide Lorde and the other arbitrous, we moste nedys 
and with right gode will wolde abide hit, or any other reporte that 
they wolde make. This same day Wendisday, as sone as y was 
come to towne ayenst mete tyme, my lord Chaunceller send for me 
yn hast. Y came to hym in Lambyth, wher y founde the ii Chif 
Justises of purpos moche a y suppose: of wham alle and specially of 
my lord y hadde right gode chere, never better, and right well 
come yn the best wise. Y spake with my seide lord and the 
Justises, apart fro my Conseill, a grete whiles. They moved me to 
knowe of the entrety and departyng at home. Y prayed my lordes 

a moche ? mette. 



MAYOK OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 67 

to have my Conseill to seye for me. He graunted hit to me. S r 
John Wolston was yn the utter chamber, and wolde come noo nyre, 
and for as moche as Hengston was not there hit was enjorned over 
yn to the morun at Westminster, yn the Escheker Chamber, wher 
Hengston reported to my seid lord as S r John Wolston hath as hit 
is aboveseid, excepte of writyng. Y answered and seide y kny we 
noght therof, nee of noo such accorde, ne cowde make noo reporte, 
and asked of hym what knowliche he hadde of that he reported. 
He seide as he herde hit reported. Y asked of wham. He seide 
the comyn voys of the Cite. Y seide of none bot of soche as were 
of theire part, and by tham self. Y seid forthermore that y was 
enformed by S r John Walston ther beyng present that ther was 
writyng of that reporte, as hit is aboveseide. 



XXVI. 

SHILLINGFORD TO HIS FELLOWS. (?) 24 May, 1448. 
[Draft Letter.] 

He left Exeter on Wednesday next after Corpus Christi, and reached London on the 
Saturday following. He describes his interviews with the Chancellor and the two 
Chief Justices. 

Worthy siris, ryght feyne ffrendis and ffelows, y grete yow well alle, 
doyng yow to understonde that on Wendisday next after Corporis 
Christi day, as ye knowe right well, after vj atte clokke yn the 
mornyng y rode oute of Exceter to London warde ; the Saterdey 
next ther after at vij atte clokke by the mornyng y came to London, 
and so to Westminster, and ther mette with my lord Chaunceller, he 
beyng yn right grete bysyness ; as sone as he sawe me seyde right 
hertely, " Mayer well come," and toke me by the honde, and made 
me right gode chere, and so departed fro hym at that tyme. That 
day y hadde right grete bysynesse : furst y went yn to the Esc heco 
for oure mater of Exmouth, and there y spedde spede can and may 
spede resonabylly well. That day on Westminster halle y mette 



68 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

with S r John Wolston, and other of oure [and] theire conseill, of 
wham alle y hadde gode chere, and as they seide that y was right 
well come. Afterward y spake w* the chif Justis S r John 
Fortescu, goyng w* hym homward, and hadde with hym right 
muche gode longage and wordis of comfort. After this y spake 
with the chif justice S r Richard Nuton, thankyng hym of his favo r 
the last terme, &c. He, a full gode man, seide he wolde do for me 
what he myght godely. That day y comyned w* oure conseill of 
oure maters, and hadde wordis of gode comfort to spede right well. 
That day after none y wold have be at Lambeth w fc my lord, bot y 
came not there because that Wolston was there that day. The 
morun be tyme y came to my lord, and hadde hym at right godd 
short leyso 1 '; to wham y recommended you all to hym yn the best 
maner that y coude, thankyng hym of his gode lordship, &c. 
praying contynuance at this tyme specially, and to helpe that we 
myght have a gode ende by doyng after the kynges commaunde- 
ment, for elles we most to a triall, and that were harde. He seide, 
" God hit forbede, then sholde ye never love, and that were pyty," 
and he seide he woll speke with the Chif Justise Forteseu, and ]?en 
another rule, &c. Y thanked hym and seide, " My lord, they take 
grete boldenesse of ij thynges, oon of truste of the Shirf, another 
apon the lawe, y truste to Gode other wyse than they shall fynde 
hit." Also y seide to my lord that we hadde be yn debate by 
dyvers tymes, almost by tyme of viij xx yere, and that y coude never 
knowe fynde ne rede that we ever toke a sute ayenst tham, but ever 
stonde yn defence, as a bokeler player, and smyte never, and that y 
hadde to seye fro you to hym that we were fully avysed, with leve 
of his gode lordeship, onys to smyte, takyng a sute, for we hadde 
meny and dyvers causis, and they hadde none, bot that we wold 
no thyng do bote that his gode lordship hadde know liche of, for we 
wold attempte hym yn no wyse. He thanked and seyde that he 
coude not blame us. Y seide, " My lord, thus we most beare, serve 
and defende," that not with stondyng that, we woll be all redy at all 
tyme to obeye the kynges commaundement and his. 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 69 



XXVII. 

PETITION OF THE MAYOR AND CITIZENS OF EXETER TO THE 
LORD CHANCELLOR AND THE TWO CHIEF JUSTICES. 

The evidence being ready, they pray for a day for the cause to be heard before the 
Lords, according to the King's commandment. The matter " hath honged yn debate 
by tyme of iiij yere, of which tyme almost two yere yn yntrete." This petition 
appears to have been appended to a brief of the evidence produced before the Chan- 
cellor and the Justices. No. XXIX. is evidently taken from it. 

Please hit your gode and gracious lordshippis to have yn know- 
liche that the evidencis wherof short tytelyngs buth made yn the Ar- 
ticulis aboveseid buth redy to shewe wy th many mo other and dy vers 
concernyng the title clayme of franchises and libertees of the seide 
Cite of Excetre, some here redye to shewe and somme restyth at 
Excetre, for grete cariage and nought yet encerched, for the mayer 
right long beyng here, by dyvers tymes, by the Kyng our soveraign 
lordis comaundement ; after whas first right streite and ferfull 
comaundement, by resonable warnyng, at suche leysur tyme and 
place competent, as hit woll like yo r gode lordshippes to comaunde 
ham to, shall be redy to be shewed, and specialy suche as you woll 
comaunde ham to bryng and shewe, next and best to end the 
mater and all other thynges, redy to obeye and don accordant to 
our seyd soveraign lord the Kynges first comaundement aboveseid. 
The whiche seid evydencis so shewed and right proved conceyved 
and knowed, We the Mayer and Comminalte lowly beseke yow our 
lord Chaunceler, moste specialy, and yow our two other lordis, to 
precede and make and ende after the Kyngis comawndement, and 
as lawe reson and right requyren. And yf the right by evidence 
be not declared, by such a mene, as yow seme by yowr gode lord- 
shippes and yn your conscience next to the right ys to be don to 
make an ende. Consideryng these premysses, and that this mater 
hath honged yn debate by tyme of iiii yere, of the whiche tyme 
almost ii yere yn entrety, the whiche hath ben to the seid Mayer 



70 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD, 

and Comminalte right grete labour, trouble, vexacion, coste, lost, 
and other right grete hurte and hyndryng and moche more like to 
fall, as well as right meny other perilys and ynconvenyencys yn 
subvercion and anyntysshement of the seid Citee, and dysheretyng 
of our seyd soveraign lord the Kyng, and the Mayer and Commi- 
nalte, of lesse then an ende be like to be made. 

Indorsed. A request to the lord Chauncelor for a day. 



XXVIII. 

A MEMORANDUM OF AN ADDRESS TO SIR RICHARD NEWTON 

at the Assizes, desiring him to decide the matter, with the 
assistance of Sir Philip Courtenay and Sir William Bonevyll. 
(?) August, 1448. 

And where as ther hath longe honged a mater yn travers betwene 
my lord the Bysshop of Excetre and the Deane and the Chapitre 
and the Maier and the Comminalte of the Cite of Excetre, whiche 
by the kyngs commaundement was putte yn compremys and rule of 
my lord Chaunceller, callyng to hym the ii Chif Justises, whiche 
mater hath longe tyrne honged be fore tham yn communicacion and 
entrety and yet remayneth undysscussed and unended : now late 
my lord Chaunceller hath yeve yn commaundement to bothe parties 
generally to entrete and to precede to gode conclusion of the seide 
mater at home ; uppon whiche my lord Chaunceller wrote to S r 
Richard Nuton, oon of the ii Chif Justises, desiryng hym to move 
the parties now at the assises yn bothe sides to the same en tent ; 
wherapon the seid Justise, on Sondey that last was, called severally 
bothe parties be fore hym, and moved ham that the seide mater 
myght be comyned and entreted by John of Copleston and Nicholas 
Radeford, and by theym to be broght to gode conclusion and gode 
ende be twene this and the next terme, whiche entrety and com- 



MAYOR OF EXETER, A.D. 1447-8. 71 

municacion sliold be gynne a Tuysday next corny ng ; to whiche 
bothe parties at that tyme were aggreable, and for as moche as hit 
ys sythenes fully conceyved by the seide Mayer and Comminalte 
that the ende of the seide mater is non certyn and doutefull to make 
conclusion and ende by this maner of mene, the seid Mayer and 
Comminalte woll beseke you at the reverence of God, that hit may 
please yo r gode lordship to take this mater yn your gracious hondis, 
callyng to yo r lordship my maysters S r Philip Courtenay and S r 
William Bonevyll, and such rule as hit may please yo r gode lord- 
ship to appoynte yn the seid mater, the seide Mayer and Com- 
minalte will abide yo r commaundement yn all maner wyse. Please 
youre gode lordship also to calle be fore yow the seide John of 
Copleston and Nicholas Eadeford, as for the declaracion of the 
titulis and claymes of bothe parties. 

Indorsed. A mocyon that the controverse might be compro- 
myssed to S r Philyp Courtenay and S r W m Bonvyle. 



XXIX. 

PETITION OF THE MAYOR AND CITIZENS TO THE EARL OF 
DEVONSHIRE, SIR PHILIP COURTENAY, AND SIR WILLIAM 
BONEVYLL, praying them to make an end of the matter which 
had been " yn debate by tyme of iiij yere, of the whiche tyme 
almost ij yere yn entrety." a 

Please hit youre gode lordeship my lorde of Devonsshire, and yow 
oure to Maysters S r Philip Courtenay and S r William Bonevyll, and 
and also yow oure two other Maysters S r John Copleston and 
Nicholas Radeford, to have yn knawliche that alle the evydences 
whereof writynges shorte titelynges or mencyon buth made, the 
orygynallys or true copyes therof buth redy to be shewed with 
right meny other dyvers and moo, concernyng oure right, title, and 

a It occurs at the end of a fragment which appears to have been a statement of the 
documentary evidence adduced before the arbitrators. 



72 LETTERS OF JOHN SHILLINGFORD. 

clayme of franchises and libertees of the seid Cyte of Excetre, to 
prove oure ententes, and .specyally suche as ye well commaunde us 
to bryng and shewe next and best to ende the mater. The whiche 
evydences so shewed and right proved conceyved and knowed we 
the Mayer and Comminalte lowly byseke yow oure seid Lord and 
yow oure other Maysters alle so to precede and make an ende as 
la we, right, reson and conscience requyreth. And yf the right by 
evidences be not declared by suche a mene, as yow seme yn youre 
conscyence next to the right is to be done to make an ende after 
the kynges furst commaundement considryng the premisses. And 
that this mater hath honged yn debate by tyme of iiij yere, of the 
whiche tyme almost ij yere yn entrety, the whiche hath bene to the 
seid Maier and Comminalte right grete laboure, troble, vexacion, 
coste, loste, and other right grete hurte and hyndryng, and moche 
more like to falle, aswell as right meny other perilles and yncon- 
venyences yn subvercion and anyntysshement of the said Cite, and 
dysherityng of oure soverayn lorde the Kyng, and the Maier and 
Comminalte, of lesse than an ende is like to be made. a 

a The end was made by an award which is printed in the second part of this volume 
after the Articles and Answers. 



END OF PART I. 



PART II. 



THE ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, ANSWERS, 
REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS, 



BETWEEN 



THE BISHOP, DEAN AND CHAPTEK, AND THE MAYOE, 

BAILIFFS, AND COMMONALTY OF THE CITY OF 

EXETER, 



PAET II. 

The Articles of Complaint, Answers, Replications, and 
Rejoinders, between the Bishop, Dean and Chapter, 
and the Mayor, Bailiffs, and Commonalty of the 
City of Exeter. 



XXX. 

THE MAYOR'S ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT AGAINST THE BISHOP, 
DEAN, AND CHAPTER. 

Thees ben the articulis of the right grete injuries and wronges done by the Bishop Dean and 
Chapitre yn severall and comyn of the Cathedrall Churche of Seynt Peter of Excetre 
theire minesters officers servantis and tenaunty done to the Maier Bailliffs and Com- 
munalte of the same Cite by protestacion to resorte to theire name of corporacion 
accordant to theire title of prescripcion grauntis of the Kyng and his proginato r s to 
syne and to be syned.* 

ARTICLE I. 

Furst. The saide Maier Baillifs and Communalte seyn that the 
saide Cite of Exceter of right olde tyme y called Penholtkeyre the 
most or one of the most auncion cite of this londe of whas begynnyng 
no man can fynde ne rede, the whiche cite afore the enc [arnation of 
Christ] b was a cite walled and suburb to the same 6 of most reputa- 

The text of these articles is taken from fragments of two drafts, Rolls I. and II., here 
distinguished as A and B for the purpose of collation. The title is from B. 
b B adds and by longe tyme sithenys. 
c B omits walled and suburb to the same. 

L2 



76 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

cion a worship defence and defencible of all th[ese parties and yet is 
yn tyme of nede] and moste b favoure and socoure to alle the 
Kynges puple of the londe specially yn tyme of werre repairying 
thereto. b [The whiche] cite sone apon the passion of Crist was by 
Vaspasian biseged by tyme of viij deys ; the whiche opteynyd not 
the efTecte of his sege c and so wende forth to Burdeaux and fro 
Burdeaux to Kome and fro Rome to Jerusalem and there he c w* 
Titus byseged Jerusalem and opteyned d and solde xxx jywys for 
a peny as hit appereth by Croniclis: and alwey the saide Cite of 
Excetre hole and undevided yn worship as hit is abovesaide yn to 
tyme of the comyng thider of the Bisshop and Chanons. Afore 
whas comyng there that now is a Cathedrall Churche and a paleis 
was a Monastere and a cite of blak monekys of the order of Seynt 
Benet y-founded by Kyng Athelston. The whiche monastere and 
cite, now Cathedrall Churche cimitere and paleys, is and alwey hath 
be yn and of and parcell of the saide cite and under the jurisdiction 
and power of the same. The whiche cite with suburbis of the same 
is auncion demene and at alle tymes as well a fore the conquest as 

* B omits reputacion. 

b B has in place of"favoure to thereto" strengthe favour supportacion and socour 
to the Kyng and to all his puple yn tyme of necessite. 

c and to be The whiche afterward. B. 

d and to beyng, p. . B has and so the saide Cite of Excetre stode as a Citie hole of most 
worship prosperite defence and defensable of all that party of the londe as is abovesaide, 
yn to tyme that there was a Monastere or abbey of Black Monkys of the order of Seynt 
Benet, there the saide Cathedrall Churche Cimitere and paleys is now. And so yn theire tyme 
contynued yn like prosperite by longe tymes yeres and days un to tyme of Seynt Edward 
the whiche voided the saide Monekys and chonged the saide Monastere yn to the Cathedrall 
Churche that now is and possession of the Bisshop Dean and Chapitre and theire pre- 
decessors. Afore whiche chonge and atte tyme of the chonge and even continuall sithen 
the Monastere Cathedrall cite and paleys and churcheyerde to the same churche beliyng 
as well when the Cite was yn the hondis of the progenito r s of the Kyng oure soverayn 
lorde as sithen were in parcell yn and of the same cite ; w l ynne whiche Monastere 
Cathedrall cite paleys and churcheyurd as well the progenito r s of the Kyng forsaid as the 
Maier and Citeseyns of the same cite sythen they have had hit to fe ferme, have ben 
seised of all maner jurisdiccion of alle maner plees reall and personellies of tyme that no 
mynde renneth, surdans moved comyng and fallyng w 1 ynne the same as parcel of their 
fe ferme forsaid. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 77 

sitlien hath be the Kyngis cite longyng to his crowne a fore eny 
Monastere or Cathedrall Churche as hit is aboveseide ther had. The 
whiche cite w* suburbes of the same the saide Maier Baillifs and 
citeseyns and theire predecessours have had and holde yn fe ferme 
of the Kyng our soverayn lorde and his noble progenitours kynges 
of this roialme by tyme above saide ; to whiche longeth view of frank 
plegge with alle articulis franchises libertees jurisdiccions and alle 
other proffitis commoditees and emolymentis as to any view of frank 
pleigge belongyng. 

And they seyn that the citeseyns and their predecessours citeseyns 
of the same afterward the same cite toke to holde to fe ferme, and 
befTore the saide Kyngis of Engelonde and or the same cite to theym 
so come, were seised of suche a view yn the same cite to be holde 
and of ij coroners of them self yn and of the same cite w* many and 
other divers custumys libertees jurisdiccions ymmynnetees and fran- 
chises as well as sithen by ceverall letters patentz of divers progeni- 
tours of cure soverayn lorde the Kyng and by hym by his letters 
patentz graunted ratefied and conferrned, and have had used and 
enjoyed jurisdiccions libertees franchises correccions attachiamentis 
arestis and determinacions of alle offencis dettis trespasses deceytis 
detennys covenantis deliverancis contractis and alle other maters and 
accions, and for alle affrayes and assautis done or made ayenst the 
Kynges pees, and for alle thyng done bytwene party and party 
tochyng plee reall personell or mixte, surdans had moved comyng 3 
fallyng or growen w* ynne the same cite and suburb of the same to 
be empleded and determyned. yn the Kynges courte of the Gildehall 
after the custum of the same cite affore the Maier and Baillifs of the 
same cite for the tyme beyng d un to now late that the saide Bysshop 
Dean and Chapitre by coloure of certeyn letters patentz of the Kyng 
to tham severally graunted of jurisdiccion power and auctorite of 
suche plees as ben above reherced, have lette disturbled and with 
drawen the saide Maier Baillifs and Communalte of theire juris- 

a oomying MS. A. d See ante,-long note. 



78 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

diccion above reherced. And yn especiall that there as where oon 
Hugh Lucays tenant of the saide Bysshop% the most or one of the 
most mysgoverned man of all the cite of Excetre or of all the shire 
afterward, thewhiche hath be cause of ij pollucions of the Cathedrall 
Churche and Cimitere of the Cite of Excetre, made affray aponn oon 
Kichard Wode yn the Kyngis high strete atte Gyldehall dore of the 
saide Cite of Excetre ; apon the wheche affray oon John Glasyer a 
sergeant of the Cite of Excetre arested the saide Hughe, and he 
brake the arest and wende his way, and the saide John and oon 
William Wynslo another sergeant of the same cite ther sywed hym 
as theire prisoner yn to the saide cimitere and so yn to the saide 
Cathedrall Churche and seisid hym there. But as sone as ever the 
sergeantis were with ynne the churche dore alle the doris there 
were shitte sodenly, as hit were done of purpos and for a trayne, not- 
withstondyng that Richard Druell and Thomas Sampson ij stiwardis 
of the Cite of Excetre folwed fresshely with ynne the space of xvj- 
fote to kepe the pees and myght not entre yn at that dore ne none 
other dore but at one dore : and so they entred yn, and when they 
so come yn there they founde the saide sergeantis at grete myschif 
and theire prisoner violently with strong honde take away fro ham, 
and apon tham by commaundement of the saide Dean and Chapitre 
. . . . S r John Jon with a dore barre and S r Lewis Walsshe- 
man John Panton and meny other minesters of the saide churche to 
thaym unknowed wyth swerdis custellis long knyvis and yryssh 
skenes drawyn yn theire hondis to have sleyn the saide sergeantis 
and wold so have sleyn ham ne hadde y be as God yeaf grace the 
saide stiwardis with other came yn to kepe the pees. And when 
they come yn they smote to the saide Richard Druell with a custell 
apon the Kyngis mace as hit is sygne yet, so that, alle bothe stiwardis 
and sergeantis stode yn despayre of theire lyvys and unneth scaped 
out of the churche with theire lyvys : by cause of the whiche the 
execucion of the Kyngis lawe and the violence done to theire officers 

a Bysshop] A breaks off here " made affray, &c." The text is supplied from B. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 79 

yet remayneth unpunysshed to theire grete hurte hyndryng and 
damagis. 

ARTICLE II. a 

Item the sayde Mayor and Comminalte sayen that there as 
where the tenantis and inhabitans of the sayde Bysschop w* 
ynne the sayde cyte and subarbes of the same ben cessable and 
charcheabel, have been cessyd and ch arched and of righte awghte 
to be and }yt ben w* the citezayns and inhabitans of the same cite, 
and hath ben used levy ]?erof to be mad by the Mayer and suche 
as he hath assigned and deputid ]?erto, in alle maner demys, cite- 
zaynes spendyng, and the fFe ferme yf nede be, and al other taxa- 
cions taliages and charges as well to the Kyng owre soverayne 
lord graunted, and so hath be in the tymes of his noble pro- 
genitores as of al other contribucions and charges w'ynne the sayde 
Cite and as parcel of the same. And now the latist special acessyng 
and payement of alfe a deme wyche was acessyd and payed in 
maner and forme as by long tyme favoraboly hath be done ; bote the 
forsayde Mayer and Comenalte most grevously complayn* of to 
tymes nexst there by fore of cessyng and paying of demys, one 
yn the tyme of John Coteler beyng Mayer and ' another tyme 
William Upton beyng Mayer ; ate wyche bothe tymes the tenantes 
of the sayde Bysschop w 1 others were warned to come to the Gyld- 
halle, as by long tyme hath bene done, to acessyng of the sayde 
demys. And as touching the sayd Bysschoppis tenantes they come 
nought, ne no wyse wolde come to a cesse ne paye w* the sayde 
Cyte ate the to tymes above sayde bote by b the Mynesters of the 
saide Bisshop and M r Henry Webber specially 5 of mere malice 
and evele wyl and by commaundement of the sayde Bysschop mana- 
cyng the sayde tenantes as wel as yn other chargis yf they dede 
the contrary [to] put ham out of th eyre tenures. And so they derste 
nought come sette ne paye as thei have be woned to done. More 

a This article is written in another hand. It occurs in A. 

b the to specially] originally "one Muister Harry Webber wrongfully." 



80 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

over the Mayer and Citezaynes sayen that by commaundement of 
the sayde Bysschop and special rewel of the sayde Malster Harry 
accessyng and levy was mad amonge the sayde Bysschoppis 
tenantes of ij demys as a Cyte other a Burgh by hym selve. 
And so was hit never consyderyng that demys beth y graunted 

b and the money so acessyd and made levy kepte. 

and 3yt kep* .... [Torn away.] 

\_This copy breaks off here. Other drafts of the Articles exist in 
Rolls VIII. and IX., the text of which differs from the foregoing 
to so great an extent that it has been thought best to print them 
[No. XXXL] 



XXXI. 

THE MAYOR'S ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT AGAINST THE BISHOP, 
DEAN, AND CHAPTERS 

[Draft.] V^ - 

ARTICLE I. 

For the furst article of theire grevous compleyntis the saide 
Maier and Cominalte seyn that there as where the tenantis and 
inhabitants of the saide Bysshop with ynne the sayde Cite and 
suburb of the same ben cessable and chargable, have be cessed and 
charged, and of right oughte to be and yet ben w* the citeseyns 
and inhabitants of the same cite,- and hath ben used levy therof to be 
made by the Mayer and such as he hath assigned and deputed 
therto yn alle maner dymes citeseyn spendyng and the fe ferme yf 
nede be, and alle other taxacions talliages and chargis as well to the 

a The text of these articles is taken from two draft copies, neither of which is quite com- 
plete. The articles seem to have been revised again, as the text of the first, second, 
and fifth articles found in No. XXX. differs very greatly from that here given, and 
the Bishop's answer evidently refers to the former text. It is to be regretted that no 
complete copy of these articles as finally corrected can be found. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 81 

kyng oure soverayn lorde graunted and so hath be yn the tymes of 
his noble progenitours as of alle other contribucions and chargis 
w 4 yn the saide cite and as parcell of the same. And nowe the 
laste specially assessying and payment of half a dyme, whiche was 
assessed and payd yn maner and fourme as by long tyme favorabilly 
hath be done: but the forsayde Mayer and Comminaltemoste grevously 
compleyne of ij tymes next there be fore of cessyng and paynge of 
dymes, one yn the tyme of John Coteler beynge Mayer and another 
tyme William Upton beynge Mayer'; at whiche both tymes the 
tenantis of the seide Bisshop w* other were warned to come to the 
Gildehalle, as by longe tyme hath be done, to assessynge of the 
sayde dymes. And as tochyng the sayd Bysshoppys tenantis they 
come noght, ne no wyse wolde come to assesse ne paye with the 
sayde cite atte the ij tymes aboveseid, but by one M r Henry 
AVebber wronge fully of mere malice and yvell wyll and by com- 
maundement of the saide Bisshop manassynge the sayde tenantys 
as well as yn other charges yf they deede the contrary [to] putte 
ham oute of theire tenuris, and so they durste not come sette ne 
paye as they hade be woned to done. 

ARTICLE II. 

More over the sayde Mayer and Citeseyns seyn that by com- 
maundement of the sayde Bisshop and special! rule of the sayde 
Master Harry, assessyng and levy was made amonge the sayde 
Bysshoppis tenantis of ij dymes as a cite or a burgh by hyrn self, 
and so was hit never, consideryng that dymes beth graunted but of 
citees and burghis, and the money so assessed and made levy kepte 
and yet kepeth to the use of the said Bishop to grete hyndryng 
and anyntysement of the same cite, upon the whiche the sayde 
Mayer and Citeseyns made sute to the sayde Byshoppis counseill 
and most specially to the sayd Maister Harry yn the moste gode 
and yesly wyse that they cowde, praying hym of his gode frendship a 

* and maystership] erased. 
CAMP. SOC. M 



82 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

to helpe to refourme this wronge abovesayde. The sayde Mayster 
Harry right shortely weywardly and angerly answered seyyng 
that the sayde Mayer and Citeseyns shold right noght have a do 
w* the sayde Bysshoppis tenantis w l yn the cite and suburb of the 
same, ne the sayde tenantis w* the sayde Mayer and Citeseyns, but 
only be ceparat and distyncte awey fro the sayde cite, seyyng 
furthermore that we sholde have nywe tidynges yn shorte tyme, 
menyng as we conceyved sithen a nywe a charter that the sayde 
Bysshop hath purchased sithenys. Nertheles by speciall prayer of 
the saide Mayer and Citeseyns menyng for the beste hit was prayed 
and graunte for a trayne that these maters sholde be put upon the 
sayde Bysshoppys counseyll and the counseyll of the saide cite, and 
so hit honged yn trety by longe tyme ; under which entrety the nywe 
forsayde charter was purchased to grete hurte and hyndryng to the 
sayde Mayer and Citeseyns ; we praying b you oure lorde Chaun- 
celler most specially and you oure c lordis to considre alle the 
wronges comprehended yn thys article, consyderyng that the seide 
wronge of nonpayement of the seide dymes ys alle the grounde 
cause and begynnyng of all the grete debate that hongeth now by 
twene the seide Bysshop Dean and Chapyter and the seide Mayer 
and Cyteseyns ; d for by fore the tyme of begynnyng sturyng and 
movyng of the said Bysshoppes officers and specially of the seide 
Meystre Harry of thees forseide maters, he was the most goode and 
blessyd Lorde and Bysshopp best wylled and set and most good doo 
and lyke to have done that ever we had there, and so we trust to 
Godde with youre goode lordshippes woll e be yet. 



a unlawfull - erased 

b From here the text comes from No. IX. which commences abruptly. It is a fair 
copy of VIII. but has also many additions and erasures. 

c two other erased. 

d of whiche debate the seide Mayer and Cyteseyns yn the most sory \\-yse theym 
repentyth erased. 

e woll first written " shall." 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 83 

ARTICLE III. 

Item the seyde Meyer Baillifs and Comminalte compleyne ham 
and seyn that where they and theyer [predecessoures] be seasyd 
of tyme that no mynde' ys of a leete as hyt ys above seide, one 
John Barton felon that feloniously hadde robbyd the churche 
of Morchard a of a chalys and other goodes to the valew of xx li. 

and a hors at Evyll yn S atte pris of v. marke, the whiche 

goodes and catell the seide John brought yn to a tenement of the 
seide Bysshop yn Exceter where the seide Meyer by hys offycers 
wolde have arestyd the seyde John and seised the said godes but 
they were let by one John Toylerd and other of the seide Bysshoppys 
oflycers and by hys commaundement as hit is supposed ; wher upon 
the seide John Berton by the said John Tylard and officers was 
conveyed away and toke the Cathedrall Churche of Seynt Peter 
of Excetre, whiche churche ys and ever hath be with ynne the 
lybertees ffranchees jurisdiccions and power of the seide cyte ; 
whither the coroners of the seide cyte come to take d the knowleche 
of the said John Berton ys felonyes abovesaid d as ever hath be usyd 
to done there as well as of abjuracions and to corowne prisoners ded 
yn the Bysshop ys prisonn. And when the seide coroners cam to 
take the confessyon above seide they were let by strenthe of one 
S r John John and Pyers Carter and many other mynesters and 
clerkes of the seide churche by commaundement of the seide 
Bysshop Dean and Chapiter so that they myght nought doo theyre 
offyce there atte that tyme. And so the seide John Berton by 
them was brought yn to a hous y callyd the Bakehous and so con- 
veyhid and brought hym oute of towne. Also wher the saide 
coroners diverse tymes cam to the Bysshop ys palyce to have 
coroned diverse prisoners beyng ther yn the seide Bishop ys prison 
ded and yn especiall one William Wey ; atte whiche tymes by one 

* Morchard first written " Stoklegh Pomeray." In VIII. it was first written 
" Churton Fitz Payn," and altered to " Stoklegh Pomeray." 

b the to abovesaid originally " the seide John Berton ys confession.'* 

M 2 



84 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

Wauter Herte and other as servauntez of the seyde Byshopp and 
by hys commaundement they were let to do theyre offyce there, 
and the seide prisoners so ded buryed uncoroned. And as touchyng 
the seide goodes and cattail wayfF y-left yn the seid Bysshopp ys 
tenement, ther was kept with stronge hande by the seide John 
Toylerd and other of the seide Bysshopp ys offycers and so wrong- 
fully to the use of the saide Bysshop as hit is supposed a kepy th hy t 
to grete hurte and hynderyng of oure soveraigne lorde the Kyng and 
the seide Meyer and Comminalte. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Item the seide Meyer Baillifs and Comminalte compleyne ham 
that wher by the graunte of Kyng Edward the ferst one of the 
progenitours of oure soveraigne lorde the Kyng that now ys and by 
graunte of the seide Meyer and cytiseyns of the seide cyte of Exceter 
the seide Bysshop Dean and Chapiter that tyme beyng hadde lycence 
to enclose the cimitary ther as hit more pleynly apperyth yn a com- 
posicion ther of made. Afore whiche grauntez the ,Meyer and 
Cyteseyns hadde and yet ought to have a strete y-called Fyssh strete 
whiche lyy th with ynne that they calle the prosyncte of the cloos of 
Seynt Peter of Exceter and with oute the seide cimitery; yn whiche 
strete of tyme that no mynde ys the ffysh market of the seide Meyer 
and Comminalte was woned to be holde b ; the whiche strete streccheth 
fro a yeate callyd Seynt Martyn ys yeate dyrectly un to the towne 
walles to a grete defensable towre ther ; yn the whiche strete the 
said Maire and cyteseyns by the seide Dean and Chapiter buth let 
to holde theire marketes now as we have be woned to doo ; yn whiche 
way, as well as yn other places with ynne the seide cloos and cimitery, 
they have made diverse purprestours as steyrez and gardyns and 
yncroched londe contrary to the composycyon above seide ; and yn 
especiall the ende of the seide Fyssh strete encroched all the hole 
wey thurt over for a court place to the mancion of the Archideacon 

a originally " to theyre own use." b ynne erased. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 85 

of Cornewaill as hyt apperyth openly ; so that the seide Meyer and 
cyteseyns may nought have they re way as theym ought to have to 
the towne wallys and y e Towre forseide. And also yn the cyte 
they have made a purpresture yn the Hye strete of the seide Cyte v. 
stalys oflx. fote long and more and iij. feete yn brede a yn the for 
part of a new tenement b above Seynt Stephyn ys churche of Exceter 
wher was never no stale but a stony walle of the leynthe above seide. 
And another purpresture made by the commaundement of the seide 
Bysshop as hit is supposed yn Bolehil strete yn a place y-called the 
Bysshop ys rent yn the fore part of whiche rent ys a long stony wall 
ofcc. fote of lenketh and moche more, yn the whiche walle buth diverse 
shoppez wyndowes of olde tymehadde, the leves ther of goyng ynward, 
and none other ne never were, yn to now late the seide Bysshop hath 
set oute of purpos a grete bulk stale, a purpresture. The whiche 
purpresture with all purprestures above seide e standen and been set 
upon the grounde of the seide Meyer and citezeins without lycence 
of theym asked or d hadde to the hurte and disheritson of the seide 
Meyer and Cyteseyns abovesaid. d 

ARTICLE V. 

Item the seyde Meyer and Comminalte compleynyth that wher 
the Dean and Chapiter of the Cathedrall Churche of Seynt Peter 

a " and a pentyse of the same leynthe "] erased. 

b The " New Inn," now occupied by Messrs. Green and Co. drapers, &c. 

c and a tree callyd an elme by one Andrew Chalvedon by commaundement of the seide 
Bysshopp late ys pollyd pared and kut alle stondyng. 

d hadde to abovesaid] this was originally : " And also the seyde Bysshop hath en- 
croached yn dyverse places of soche ffee as he claymeth when hyt never so was as one 
place sum tyme called Somer ys place now Wynard ys place longgyng to hys almeshous 
whiche place parcell ther of ys tenement of the seide Bysshop and parcell nought. Thys 
and alle wrongez above seide ys yn disherytyng and grevous damage of the seide Mayer 
and cyteseyns and comminalte." 

e Text from VIII. and IX. Another version of this article occurs on Roll II. It is as 
follows : 

And also there the Mayer and the Comminalte of the saide Cite and alle other comyng 
to the sayd churche haven had and been seised of a wey yn to the sayd Cathedrall by and 



86 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

of Exceter have a cloyster joynaunt to the seide Cathedrall Churche 
with ynne the square of whiche cloister ys a voide place y- 
called " the Praiell," yn the whiche ys comyn sepulture whenne the 
cymytere standith pollute; thrugh whiche cloyster was a comyn 
waye for the sayd Maier and Comminalte yn to the said Cathedrall 
Chirche and the said cloyster a place of praier and devocyon to praie 
for alle the sawlys was bonys lieth yn the said cloister and prayell 
atte tyme of dyvyne servyce doyng in the saide cathedrall churche ; 
but now right late the saide Deane and Chapitere the dorys of the 
saide cloister have stoppid and closid contrarie to the gode usagis of 
all holy churche, the kynges lawe and the use afore tyme hadde 
and ayenst al good pollecye. 

ARTICLE VI. a 

Also the said Maier and Comminalte compleyneth where late 
was sette yn the cymytere of the Cathedrall Churche of Seynt 
Peter of Excetre a grete drie fryth almoste evyn junant to the bak 
side of the costlewe billyng b and yn the cheiff place of the citee of 
Excetre therto enclose and enclosed a gret parcell of tymber, the 
whiche fright atte the stroke of ix. atte clocke yn the shortestez d 
tyme of eere yn the nyght, alle the close yeatis beyng faste y shet, 
as hit aught to be by a composicion ij. owris before, by on of the 
mynysteris of the said Cathedrall Churche was sette afire, and began 
to brenne, and yf hit hadde had his course lyke to have sette a fyre 

at a dore of the south party of the cloyster of the saide Cathedrall for goyng walkyng 
honest communicacion and prayers by all the cloyster for said yn to the saide Cathedrall 
by ij. dorys, that is to seye, that oon yn the West and South party of the saide Cathedrall, 
that other sette next yn the South ayenst a tumbe y-called the Erlis tumbe of Devonshire, 
at alle tymes when the dorys of the saide Cathedrall bene open ; there the saide Deane 
and Chapitre the dorys of the saide oloyster have stopped and closed contrary, to the 
Kynges lawe and the use afore tyme had and ayenst all gode policy. 

* Text from VIII. and IX. 

> In VIII. " of the most costlew and stately billying of the Cite." 
c fright] vrith. VIII. 

* shortestez] shortist. VIII. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 87 

and brende the cheif and grete parte of the citee. And yet hit was 
said by the said mynystcr and other minystres of the said Cathedrall 
Churche to noyse and disslaundre the said citee that hit was sette 
afire by men of the same citee to brenne the said Cathedrall Churche. 
And hit provith noght so by shutyng of the sayd cloys yeatis. And 
by that that the said Cathedrall Churche stant a buc shote fro and 
more. 

ARTICLE VII. a 

Also the said Maier and Comminalte compleyneth that where 
the said Bysshop ys seysed of a gardyn lyyng to his paleys 
and the said Dean and Chapitere of iij. other gardynes, of the 
whiche said iij. gardynes of the said Dean and Chapitere on'lyeth 
to the mancyon of the Archdekne of Cornewayle and a nother 
lyeth to the mancyon of the Chaiinceler of Excetre and the thirdde 
lyeth to [the] mansion of the Archedeacon of Excetre ; the whiche 
iiij gardynes lyeth fro a lane y-called the Freren lane junant a long 
by the Towne Wallys almoste to the Sowthe gate of the same 
citee. Atte two endys of whiche gardynes and by twyne every 
gardyn so ayunant apon the Towne Wallys ys a walle thurte and 
buttyng a yenst the Towne Walle and a posterne yeate therynne, 
the [whiche] wallys and posternys by the Maier and Comminalte 
by force of a composicion and as the composicion woll, have be 
made and ofte tymes repaired and amended, and ij lokkys and keies 
yn and to every yeate, one b kaye of every yeate remaynyng to the 
said Maier and Comminalte and a nother to the Bysshop and so to 
every of the personys ecclesiasticeris forsaid to this entent that the 
said yeate sholde noght be sette opyn but atte the Maier ys will 
ouns yn a eere a yenste the comyng of the Maier to over se yf 
eny nede be to repaire the towne wallys. And yf eny nede be to 
repaire, to stande opyn duryng the tyme of repeiryng as yn the 
said composicion more openly and pleynly aperith. With owte 
the procyncte of the said Bisshop ys garden and yn the said wall 

* Text from VIII. and IX. b one] oo. VIII. 



88 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

there ys the moste costelew defence and moste stately 8 towre of alle 
the City, of the saide Maier and Comminalte well heled with led and 
housed for a right gode mansion to be ther yn. The whiche towre 
late was repayred to the coste of the saide Mayer and Comminalte 
of xx li. and more and right a strongedore w 1 lokke and keye made 
therto and fast y shitte to this entent ther to bryng yn stuf for the 
werre and defence of the cite and other thyng more of the saide 
cite ther to be kept stronge saf and sure. The which dore of the 
towre w* the other v. postern doris, the whiche v. dorys buth com- 
prehended yn the saide cornposicion, ofte tymes have be repayred 
and amended to the grete coste of the seyde Mayer and Comminalte, 
and as ofte as ever they have be repaired ever anon they have be 
right spytefully broke up by the Bisshop and Dean and Chapitre 
aforesaid, and the dore of the said towre at all tyme and yet is so 
stondynge open and fakettes hors and dong and myche other un- 
godely thyng by commaundement of the said Bisshop broghte 
theryn ; by cause of j?e whiche J?e said towre is likely to be destroyed 
and fall a down to grete hyndryng of the said cite yn repaire yf 
hit falle of m* ti. and the said v. postern doris so broke up, oo suche 
lok and keye as they woll is sette yn every dore to theire pleisaunce 
disporte and yese to go yn and oute when ever they will contrary 
to the saide composicion. By the whiche yeatis full ungodely 
cariage as suspecious men and wymmen have be ladde yn and oute, b 
and divers men that sholde have be arest conveyed awey by that 
wey to right grete hurte hyndryng harmys and damage to the 
saide Cite. 

ARTICLE VlII. d 

Item the Mayer and Comminalte compleyneth as tochyng the 
Freren lane abovesaide, the whiche is a longe lane lyyng a longe 

a IX. breaks off here. The rest of the text of this article is taken from VIII. 

b atte Freren lane and so yn to the Cite] erased. 

c S r John of Dynham specially and meny others] erased. 

d The text is from VIII. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 89 

by and yn the bakside joynant to divers mansions of divers chanons 
of the clos longyng to the said Dean and Chapitre ; the whiche lane 
is ceverall grounde of the saide Mayer and Comminalte and parcell 
of theire fe ferme and wey to the towne wallis for the repair of tham ; 
yn to whiche lane oghte no dore ne yeate open be w* oute licence of 
the Maier and Comminalte ; the said Dean and Chapitre in the 
wallis of the saide mansions yn to the saide lane have made divers 
doris w* owte licence of the said Maier and Comminalte, by the 
whiche doris by the said Chanons dwellyng yn the said mansions by 
commaundement of J? e said Dean and Chapitre is caryed oute so 
moche erthe robill and donge and other fylthis of theire places that 
the sayde wey ys dytte, that no man ther yn may well ride ne go 
ne lede cariage to the wallis, to grete hurte and hyndryng to the 
saide Mayer and Comminalte: and also yn the saide lane was a grete 
comyn gutto r lyyng dcepe underneth a long thurgh the lane almost 
to the lane ende and then turned thurte westward thurghe the 
mansion of the Archidiacon of Cornewaill to theire grete comyn 
gutto r liyng yn ]? e saide Fissh strete havyng issu thurghe the towne 
wallis ; the whiche gutto r lyyng thurgh the saide lane ordeyned 
for to defende a reyne water and other of Strike stret and of many other 
divers placis and mansions grete part of the saide cite ; the whiche 
gutto r goyng thurgh the Archidiacon of Cornewayll is mansion as 
hit is abovesaide first by one Maister John Gorewyll Maister John 
Waryn M r William Filham S r Richard Kelyer and other som tyme 
chanons of ]? e said churche there dwellyug by commaundement of 
the Dean and Chapitre the saide gutto r hath be broke and for ditte 
and the stony s therof by tham take and bore away so that the reyne 
water and other of Strike strete and other places abovesaid may noo 
have his course as hit hath be wont to have to grete hurte and noy- 

saunce etc. 

ARTICLE IX. 

Also atte fore ende of the said Freron lane open yn to 
Strike strete ys a brode yeate for all maner cariage yn to the 

* of] erased. 
CAMD. SOC. N 



90 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

towne wallis, the whiche yeate is the yeate of the Maier and Com- 
minalte and by tham at theire grete coste y-made ; of whiche yeate 
sholde no man have no keye ne interesse but the saide Mayer and 
Comminalte and suche as they wolde yeve licence therto. The 
which yeate by the saide chanons havyng doris a yn to that lane as 
hit is above sayde and their servantes that beth nyghte walkers 
riato r s and brekers of the pes, by commaundement of ]? e Dean and 
Chapitre hath be brok up and suche lok and keye as tham luste to 
have made therto atte theire pleiser. Atte whiche yeate bothe be 
nyghte and by daye, and by nyghte most specially, full ungodely 
cariage is caried yn and oute as suspecious men and wymmen mennys 
wy vis and servantes specially ; who to whom and where hit sholde be 
write yf honeste were. Atte whiche yeate also ofte tyme hath be 
grete affrayes and debate and like to have be manslaghter, and 
divers nyghte walkers and riato r s comying out at that yeate .yn to 
the cite and ther have made meny affrayes assautes and other riatous 
mysgovernaunce ayenst the pees and y broke oute over the towne 
wallis, and myche more myschif like to falle by that yeate w* oute 
better remedy had as well as at the brode yeate of the 1 clos of Seynt 
Peter of Exceter whiche oghte to be shitte b and alle ]? e yeates alle 
Y nyght as hit appereth by composicion therof made ; wher now ys 
by |? e said clos myche nyght wacchyng and other riatous mysgovern- 
ance, the wiket of the same yeate stondyng open almost alle the 
nyght and a taverne that is called Bevys c is taverne evyn joynyng 
to w* ynne the hous of the yeate ; out of whiche wyket yn to whiche 
taverne comyth the grete part of alle the riato r s of the clos priestes 
and other as S r Kobert Bokynham S r Richard Martyn S r Lewys 
Walssheman John Panton and other, and suche noyse affrayes and 
debates by tham there made that one William Upton late Maier of 
the saide Cite and other neghebo r s dwellyng aboute beth foule 
accombred therof and y-lette of theire nyghte reste, compleynyng 

a Mr. William Bronnyng, Mr. John Rowe, and other Chanons havyng yeates] erased. 
b " wiket and alle atte cessyng of curfu,*" erased MS. 
c Bevys] also " Bearefitz " 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 9| 

to the Mayer therof seyyng that ther is like to falle myche more 
myschif there and that they wolle avoyde theire dwellyng placis 
there w 1 oute better remedy had : and all this riottes governance 
and moche of the other mysgovernance abovesaid is upon boldenysse 
off the said ny we charter purchased and abstynance of arestes above- 
said. 

ARTICLE X. 

Also the saide Maier and Comminalte compleyneth that the saide 
Bisshop by his officers drawyth yn to his courtys as well his 

Court Cristian as Court Baron yn Exceter divers accions 

and maters that longeth not to be determined there but before J? e 
said Maier and BaillifTs, and yn especiall yn his Court Baron plees 
of the Crowne and other plees and maters that longeth to a lete 
a where he hath no suche power ne jurisdiccion and the amercia- 
mentes issuys and proffits therof comyng taketh to his awne use yn 
disherityng etc. a 

ARTICLE XI. 

Also the saide Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte compleyneth where 
that they and theire predecessours have had assize of bred and 
of ale and coreccion therof and of all other maner vitaill as parcell of 
theire view yn ]? e saide cite and suburb to sette pris, forfete, dampne 
and excute as the lawe will, the saide Maier and Bailliffs have used 
at alle tymes when they wolde to go aboute the cite to make serche 
of mysgovernance of vitaill and specially of bred and of ale and of 
wyne, yn the whiche they have founde ofte tymes grete defautes, 
and specially yn wyn, as well yn the Bisshoppis paleys, wyn by his 

* yjQere to etc. originally " of the whiche he hath no power to determine suche 
plees there for he hath no late ne never hadde J>er but only longyth to the Cyte that have 
a late and ever have hadde as hit is abovesaide," afterwards altered to " whereof he 
hath no power for he hath no lete ne never had ne no thyng that longeth therto but the 
saide Maier and Bailliffs only " and then stated as in the text. 

N 2 



92 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

officers ofte tymes "being ther y put to sale yn retaill y-solde durer 
than hit aughte to be solde and ayenst the ordinance of the saide 
Cite and the Kynges cry by the Maier therof made, and so yn S r 
John Morton is hous, chanon of the saide churche, and other divers' 
chanons there and tenantes of the saide Bisshop yn the saide Cite, a 
the whiche wyne so solde ayenst the ordinance and cry abovesaid 
have be forfetable to the saide Maier and Comminalte. b By the 
whiche wyne so solde the saide Maier and Comminalte loste theire 
custumes one at theire port of Exemouth iiij d. of every pipe 
parcell of theire fe ferme that is there y-boghte to be solde ayen yn 
grete or retaill, another is custum of the saide Cite called wyne 
gavell of every pipe solde yn retaill xij. d. And also ofte tymes 
hath be founde corrupte wyn not hole for mannys body dampn- 
abill and sholde have be dampned and by way of execucion caste yn 
the canell ; the whiche execusion the tenantis of the saide Bisshop 
d welly ng with yn the saide cite and suburb of the same by com- 
maundement of the saide Bisshop have lette and disturbed the saide 
Maier and Baillifs so that they myght do none execucion. The 
whiche corrupte wyn hath be carried to Topsham and there y-shipped 
and so lad to Burdeaux ther to be put and melled among nywe wyn 
as hit shall be well proved yf nede be. And also they have lette to 
prove to trie and weye sale bred made by the said tenantis of ]; e said 
Bisshop accordant to the statute therof made, by force of whiche the 
saide corrupte wyn hath not be put yn execucion as hit aughte to 
be and the sillers of the saide wyn bakers bruers and other mys- 
governers abovesaid beth unpunyshed yn disherityng etc. 



a originally " as S r John Morton and other and among the Bysshoppis tenantes yn the 
saide Cite at hygher pris than hit oughte to be solde and contrary to the ordinance and 
cry." 

b originally " to the Cite as parcell of their fee ferme." 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 93 



XXXII. 

DRAFT OF ARTICLE IX. OF THE MAYOR'S ARTICLES OF 
COMPLAINT/ 

Item the seide Meyer and Comminalte compleyne hem and seyn 
that wher they and theyre predecessours cyteseyns of the same cyte 
of tyme that no mynde rennetli have hadde and by lawe ought to 
have as parcel! of theyre ffee ferme all maner tolne of all manor 
marchaundyse opentyd and layed to sylle yn every place of the 
Cyte and suhurbez ther of as well with ynne the saide Cathedrall 
Churche and Cimitery as yn any other place of the seide Cyte, yn 
the whiche churche and cimitery diverse marchauntez that bryngeth 
theyre marchaundyses to towne to sylle yn tymes of feyrez have be 
ever woned and usyd specially when that grete multitude of peple 
and muche marchaundyse corny th to the Cyte, to ley opene bye 
and sylle diverse marchaundisez yn the seide churche and cimitery 
and speciall yn the kyngges hye way ther as atte Welles Salysbury 
and other places moo, as disshes bollys and other thyngges lyke and 
yn the seyde churche ornamentes for the same and other juellys 
convenyant therto ; of the whiche marchaundysez the Dean and 
Chapiter forseide began to take and toke diverse tolne of diverse 
men, one Richard Setter juler, and John Tomer of Tyverton and 
other. Wher apon the seide Meyer and Comminalte grevously 
compleyned them atte that tyme and so hyt was put yn dayyng and 
apon arbitro r s amonge other alle and grete debatez be fore that 
tyme hongyng ; the whiche arbitro r s atte that tyme ordeyned that 
ther sholde be no soche tolne custume ne other dute ther to be take 
by the seide Dean and Chapiter with ynne the seide churche and 
cimitery. For anger and evyll wille wher of the seide Dean and 
Chapiter by theyre mynesters and servauntes ever sythen have put 

The text of this article is from Roll No. IX. It is struck through with the pen, and 
was not inserted in the articles delivered to the Chancellor, as no notice of it or the 
subject of it is to be found in the Bishop's answers. 



94 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

oute all eoche marchauntez and marchaundisez contrary and ayenst 
the olde ruell and use to grete hurte hynderyng and damagez to the 
seide Meyer and Comminalte and distruccion of theyre seide feyrez 
and markettez. Atte whiche tyme of entrety the seide Dean and 
Chapiter cowde nought saye ne ley for theym that the seide churche 
and cimitery was no parcell of the seide cyte so that the seide 
Meyer and Comminalte myght take ne make levy of no soche 
custume ne tolne ther. But atte the ende and conclusion of the 
seide grete entrety and goode accorde and love y~hadde, the seide 
Dean and much part of the Chapiter with theyre counsell of the 
one part and the Meyer and Styward with the more part of the 
xij. men governers of the seide cyte with theyre counseill of the 
other party, thus bothe partyes beyng present yn the Cathedrall 
Churche of Seynt Peter of Exceter, the seide Dean and Chapiter 
most specially prayed yn tokyng that ther sholde never no more 
debate be by twene the seide partyes that the seide Meyer and 
BaylyfFez yn all that they myght goodly shulde absteyne and for- 
bere with ynne the seide churche and cimitery of all maner arestys 
as touchyng the chanons and all thoo that buth of abyte and theyre 
mynysters and servauntez familiars fro tyme of sessyng of owre 
lady belle yn to tyme that cumple wher done. And so of ryght 
good wille to that entent as hyt was desyred was graunted and 
sythen observed and kept and yet ys duryng the tyme of thys 
entrety, the whiche now ys layde ayenst us yn evydence, seying that 
we never made ne oughte to make arest ther, the whiche ys to the 
seide Meyer andComminalte grete vexacion hurte and hynderyng and 
to mysgoverned men ryatours and brekcrs of the pees grete bolde- 
nesse and hath be cause of diverse affrayes that have be made bothe 
yn the churche and cimitery and yn especiall by one Kichard 
Whiterow affraye made by hym apon John Howdon servaunt of 
Harry Helyer smytyng hym with a dagger with ynne the cloos 
yeate yn the eygge by twene the cimitery and the cyte alle most 
anon to the dethe, wherof we most grevyously compleyne us 
besekyng you cure gode Lorde Chaunceler and you oure lordes 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 95 

a this to refourme and redresse yn eschewyng of ynconvenyence that 
myght folwe therof. a 



XXXIII. 

THE ANSWERS OF THE BISHOP, DEAN AND CHAPTER, TO THE 
MAYOR'S ARTICLES. 

Thes ben the Answeres of the Bisshop of the Cathedrall Chirch of Saint Petre in Excetre 
Dean and Chapitre of the same to the Articles of compleynte ayens hem purposed by 
the Maier Baillyfs and Comminalte of the Citee of Excetre. 

ARTICLE I. 

As to the first Article of the saide Maier Baillifs and Comy- 
nalte the saide Bisshop Dean and Chapiter seyen that tliei doute of 
Vaspasions being atte Excestre and so atte Bordeaux and Jerusalem 
to sille xxx Jewes hedes for a peny ; and thei sey that trewe it is 
that the saide nowe Citee of Excestre was of old tyme a Burgh and 
atte all tymes hath be, and is aunceon demene, but never under the 
name of a citee by fore the stallacion of Leofrik in the said Cathe- 
drall Chirch, first Bisshop ther stalled by the hondes of Saint 
Edward and Edithe his Quene, which Saint Edward cursed all 
such that in any wyse fro the saide Chirch withdrawett eny right 
or ayens the saide Chirch maligne ; atte which tyme the saide Chirch 
Cimitery paleys and other londes and tenements longing therto 
were separate and distincte fro the saide Citee and no parcell 
therof as it appereth in the Boke of Domus Day ; afore which tyme 
ne seth was no mayer ne fee ferme bore for the saide nowe Citee to 
the progenitoures of our Soverayne Lord the King unto the regne 

a this to thereof originally " to be rnene un to owre soveraigne the kyng so that he 
ne ye be nought displeasyd thow the seide Meyer and Comminalte leve soche abstynence 
but esyly to execute all lawfull execucions ther as theym ought to execute and to doo 
ryght to the partyes as the Meyer ys sworn ther to, or ellys to have the Meyer excusyd yf 
that any ynconvenyence mysgovernaunce or mischeve fall, as hyt ys lyke to do, and that 
for the love of God and the way of charyte." 



96 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

of King Henry the Thirde, butte the rentz and revenues comyng of 
the saide towne nowe Citee were answered to the noble progeni- 
toures of our saide Soverayn Lord in their Escheker atte West- 
minster as of partie of the shire of Devonshire by the honds of the 
Shereve of the same shore for the tyme being and by none other as 
it appereth by matier of recorde in the saide Escheker ; atte which 
tyme the Bisshop of Excestre that tyme being was seised of the 
saide Chirch Cimitery palies lands and tenements aforsaide and all 
his predecessours afore him were seised of the same contynuelly fro 
the tyme of the saide Saint Edward ; which Chirch Cimitery palies 
lands and tenements ben named and knowen by the name called 
the Bisshopes Fee, otherwyse called Saint Stephen's Fee, distincte 
and separate fro the saide Citee and oute of the jurisdiccion of the 
same, withoute that that at the dayes or many dayes setthen tyme 
of mynde any such Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte as thei surmytten 
where yn the saide Citee knowen by the name of Maier and Com- 
minalte. And there as the saide Mayer and Comminalte seyen 
that they and their predecessors citezeins of the same Citee .have 
had and hold the saide Citee in fee ferme of Oure Soverayne Lord 
the King that nowe is and his noble progenitours oute of tyme that 
no mynde is ; the saide Bisshop Dean and Chapitre seyen that 
byfore the tyme of Eichard King of Almayn which had xiii u ix s to 
his sustentacion atte will of his brother King Henry the Thirde and 
no thing ells in the saide Citee over XXV H xii s vi d comyng of the 
rent of the saide nowe Citee yeven to the hous of Crichirch in 
London by the graunt of King Henry the First and Malde his wif 
paied to them by the hendes of the saide Shereve, ther was in 
Excestre nether Mayer ne Baillifs ne under that name Mayer and 
Comminalte but an auncean demene as the saide Mayer and Com- 
minalte have articled and the saide Bisshop Deane and Chapitre 
confessed ; which Richard King of Almayne graunted first by the 
name of Baillifs and citezeinis the saide Citee to fee ferme, havyng 
none o]?er estate than is above rehersed ; wherfore the saide Citee 
with all the appurtenaunces in King Edwardes dayes the thirde was 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 97 

seised in to the saide King Edward's hondes as more plainly ap- 
pereth in the replicacion late made by tlie saide Bissliop Dean and 
Chapitre ; in the which replicacion all other matiers of the saide 
Article be sufficeantly replied to as troueth asketh and require th, as 
well to the jurisdiccions libertees fraunchises and power to hold 
plees &c., as in their compleynts been comprehended, as to all other. 
And as to the disclaunder which the saide Mayer and Comminalte 
have putte upon the saide Hue Lucas, the saide Bisshop Dean 
and Chapitre seyen that thei know him for no such misgoverned 
man, neither thei knowe in no wyse of affray that he shuld make 
upon Richard Attewode atte the Gilde Hall dore ner of eny arrest 
ther upon him had after the manner and fourme that the saide 
Mayer and Comminalte have articled. But thei seyen that thei 
knowe well that the saide Hue was furiously dreven into the saide 
Cathedrall Chirch by officers and other of the saide Citee with 
swerdes daggers and other invasif wepen ayens the pees drawen, 
the mynysters of the saide Chirch the same tyme being in theire 
habits atte divine service, which mynysters as prestees ought to do 
in all that thei godely myght laboured to save the saide Hues lyf, 
being in right grete perell therof, withoute comaundement or 
knouleche of the saide Dean and Chapitre or eny harme doing or 
menyng to ony maner officer of the saide Citee or in enywise 
smyting eny man or mace ; but one of the saide officers violently 
with a custrell smote one John Pawton a mynyster of the saide 
Chirch upon the hede, he being in his habite ; by the which and other 
abhomynable mysgovernaunce ther made by the saide officers the 
saide Chirch was peluted in maner and fourme as it more pleinly 
appereth by the examynacion therupon had and by the Article of 
replicacion of the saide Bisshop Dean and Chapitre late made &c. 

ARTICLE II. 

Item as to the seconde Article of theire compleints the saide 
Bisshop saieth as he seide in his thirde replicacion &c. withoute 
CAMD. SOC. O 



98 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

that that the saide Bisshop atte eny tymes hath had or kept eny 
part of such money so sette to his owne use. And there as it is 
supposed by the saide Maier Baillifs and Comminalte that eny such 
dyme which shuld be due in William Upton's tyme was with- 
drawen, hit was paied and delyvered to the saide William Upton 
and by him receyved as depute of the Kings collectours in the 
shire of Devenshire by the honds of Water Hert Baillif of the saide 
Bisshop. And as to the paiement of eny dyme in the tyme of the 
saide John Cotiller, the saide Bisshop saieth that the tenants of his 
saide fee were not warned to come to the saide Gild Halle to the 
assession therof, and that the saide Maier and Comminalte assessed 
and sette the saide tenants, in whom thei had no such power, of 
malice to a importable sume otherwise then ever thei were wont to 
paie, so that ther would have remayned in the saide Maiers honds a 
grete sume therof above the saide dyme, like as there hath remayned 
in other Maiers honds somtyme vii H sumtyme c 8 and sumtyme more 
sumtyme lesse. But the saide tenants offered to the saide John 
Cotiller as depute aforesaide by the honds of the forsaide Walter 
Hert Baillyf to paie and yet be redy to paie as mich' as thei were 
wont to paie to fore and he refused to receyve it. And as to all 
other conturbucions and charges comprehended in the saide Article, 
the saide Bisshop saieth that his saide tenants were never contri- 
butaries therto, ne ought to be in forme as the saide Maier and 
Comminalte have declared ; for as moche as the saide fee is separate 
and distincte fro the saide Citee and no parcell therof, as it is above 
rehersed. And he seieth that the sute made by the saide Mayer 
and Comminalte for to have oppressed and enthralled the saide 
Bisshop Dean and Chapitre and theire mynysters and servants by 
the sute of a bill which is to shewe was and yit is cause of the saide 
stryves and debates and no feyned tretice ne other matier sued or 
done by theire partie, but principally by the wilfull laboure of John 
Shillyngford, nowe being Maier, in whoos tyme ever hath be grete 
troubill to the grete hurt and losse of the saide Chirch and Citee. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 99 

ARTICLE III. 

Item as to the thirde Article of theire compleynts the saide 
Bisshop saieth that he and his predecessours have be seised of tyme 
that no mynde is of a Chirch called Saint Petre in Excetre a Cimi- 
tery annexed )?er to w* a paleis and oj?er divers londs and tenements 
called Saint Stephyns fe, oj>erwise called the Bisshop's fe, yn and 
nought of Excestre but distincte and separate fro the same ; within 
which he and his predecessours fro tyme that no mynde is hathe 
and have had view of Frank Plegge weif and straif and all other 
profits longing to a viewe, and one Water Hert Baillif of the saide 
Bisshop toke the saide hors and chaleis to the use of the saide 
Bisshop as goods weifed by the saide John Barton within the saide 
fee. And as to the corny ng of eny. coroner of the saide Citee 
within the saide fee Chirch Cirnitery and paleys or eny parcell 
therof for to take eny knouleche of eny felon or sight of dede man 
convycte within the saide paleis, the saide Bisshop saieth that the 
coroners of the saide Cite have no jurisdiccion within the saide 
Chirch Cimitery paleys and fee, but only the coroner of the shire of 
Devenshire, for as moche as the saide Chirch Cimitery paleis and 
fee ben separate and distincte fro the saide Citee. And as to the 
remenaunt of the matier conteynyng in the saide Article, the saide 
Bisshop saieth that him ought not answere therto by the lawe. 

ARTICLE IV. 

Item as to the iiii. Article of theire compleints, the saide Bis- 
shop Dean and Chapitre sayen that ther is no such strete called 
Fissh Strete within the Close of Saint Petre in Excestre. And 
also thei seven that ther is not ne never was eny maner market 
hold within the saide Cloos ne within no partie therof. And thei 
seyen that thei never encroched in no wyse to theire saintuary eny 
grounde of the saide Maire and Comminalte. And as to the en- 
croching of the ende of a way which thei call Fissh Strete, the saide 
Dean and Chapitre sayn that there is no such strete called Fissh 

02 



100 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

Strete, but the strete that thei call Fissh Strete is called Saint Mar- 
tyns Strete otherwyse called Chanons Strete ; atte which ende ther 
hath ben a wall and a brode yate in the saide wall fro the tyme that no 
mynd is^ by the which yate citezeins of the saide town atte all tymes 
as nede requyreth have had and may have by resonable warnyng 
free comyng and going to repaire the saide towne and walles 
withoute lettyng of the saide Dean and Chapitre. And as to eny 
purposture made by the saide Dean and Chapitre in manner and 
fourme as the saide Maier and Comminalte have declared, the 
saide Dean and Chapitre seyen that the punysshment of all pur- 
postures within the saide Citee longeth to the King and not to the 
saide Maire and Comminalte. And over that the seyen that all free- 
holders within the saide Citee of tyme that no mynd is, which have 
eny houses or tenements in the saide Citee, have used to make stalles 
in all stretes joynyng to the saide houses and tenementes so it be no 
noysaunce to the Kinges liege people. And so thei being seised of 
the saide nywe tenements made oute the saide stalles in the Kinges 
Hie Strete joynant to the saide tenement nat noying the Kings peple, 
which be the same purpostures that thei compleyn hem of. And 
as to the purposture which is supposed to be made in the Bisshopes 
rent, the saide Bisshop rent is within the saide Saint Stephens fee 
distincte and separate fro the saide Citee. And as to eny steires or 
palais made within the saide Chirch Yerde or Close, yif eny such 
bee, the said Bisshop Dean and Chapitre understond that such staires 
paleis and gardeins within the said palises in no wyse shuld cause 
the saide Mayer and Commynalte therof to complain or to be greved 
for as moche as the saide staires paleys and gardynes be within the 
procincte of the Cimitery which is no parcell of the saide Citee but 
distincte and separate fro the same. And the saide Bisshop Dean 
and Chapitre ne none of hem never made within eny place of the 
saide Citee eny purpostures stalles or wyndowes upon eny grounde 
of the saide Maire Baillifs and Comminalte. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 101 

ARTICLE V. 

And as to the v. Article of theire compleyntes, the saide 
Dean and Chapitre seyen that within the saide Cloister, which is 
well walled and glased, is a Chapitre House and a Library compre- 
hending a quarter of the said Cloister which is within the procincte 
of the saide Chirch and Cimitery and no comon wey but oute of 
the jurisdiccon of the saide Mair and Commynalte, which Cloister 
dores atte all tymes have be shette except tymes to goo in procession 
or to the Chapitre House or to the said Library or eny other such 
resonable tyme; atte which tymes and in especiall in tyme of dyvyne 
service, ungoodly ruled peple most custumabely yong peple of the 
saide Comminalte within the saide cloistre have exercised unlawfull 
games as the toppe, queke, penny prykke and most atte tenys, by 
the which the walles of the saide Cloistre have be defowled and the 
glas wyndowes all to brost, as it openly sheweth, contrarie to all good 
and goostly godenesse and directly ayens all good policy and ayens 
all good rule within the sayde cloyster to sufTre eny such mysruled 
people to have comune entre which spare not withyn a quarter of a 
yer to pollute the saide Cimitery and their saide moder Cathedrall 
Chirch, not eschewing to doo the same within the saide Cloyster 
w*oute that that the saide Maier and Comminalte or eny of their 
predecessours ever had thourgh the saide cloistre eny comune wey. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Item to the vi. Article of the compleints of the saide Maire 
and Comminalte, the saide Bisshop Dean and Chapitre seyen that 
the saide Article is but a feyned matier to putte their offence fro 
hem self and to disclaundre the mynysters of the saide Chirch, 
which offence preveth to be done by the consent of some of the 
saide Comminalte for as moche as one of hem atte curfew tyme, all 
the yates of the saide Close stonding open and and the weket of the 
brode yate an cure after as it ought to be, atte the litell stile came 
yn to the saide Close and broght fire in a sho and sette the saide 



102 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

egge a fire within which was xx u worth tymber of the saide Dean 
and Chapitre is godes, and by the same wey ran oute ayene seying 
that he was aspied by a mynyster of the saide Chirch, which as God 
would in all hast quenched the saide fire and so excluded all mis- 
chefs therby like to have fall as wele to the saide tymber and tene- 
ments of the saide Chirch as Hiding of the saide Citee; withoute that 
that eny man of the saide close hath noysed and disclaundred the 
saide Citee to brenne the saide Chirch but only have reproved such 
mysgovernance withoute any disclaunder as was done in this behalf, 
as trouth and godenesse requireth. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Item to the vfi. Article of their compleynts, the saide Bisshop 
Dean and Chapitre seyen that well and trewe it is that thei 
and ther predecessours have be seised and so ought to be of such 
iiii. gardyns and postren dores specefied in the saide Article, the 
which postren dores joinantly oughte to stande and be maynteyned 
by the saide Mair and Commynalte in the saide butty ng wall and 
in none other place conteynyng the brede of a kernell of the saide 
towne wall, ones a yere by the warnyng of viij. dayes to have a way 
by the saide postrons to over se the towne walles and none other 
use except tyme of werre, which postrons and brede of the saide 
buttyng wall so of duete to have be repaired by the saide Maier 
and Comminalte by their frowardnesse to evell entent sufFred the 
saide postrone and part of wall to fall down and to lie opyn for 
defaute of reparacion to thentent that thei myght have fre comyng 
in to the saide gardins atte their owne will and to feyne matiers of 
disclaundre upon mynysters of the saide Chirch contrarie to all 
godenesse and to the saide composicion ; which Mayer and such 
dredefull people of his commynalte be the mysgoverned people and 
yncomers that thei spoke of and none other ; withoute that that thei 
the said Maier and Comminalte in eny tyme this c. yere have doo 
or made eny reparacion in the saide postrons towre and dore of the 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 103 

saide towre, and without that that the saide Bisshop Dean and 
Chapitre or eny of their servants in eny wise have broke eny lokks 
or dores or in eny manner have harmed or hurt the saide towre 
after the fourme by the saide Maire and Commynalte articled ; but 
for their owne honeste and necessite for defaute of reparacion atte 
their propre costes and expenses have repaired the saide walle so 
fallen downe and made dores in their severall grounde by the 
which the saide Maier and Comminalte many yeres have had free 
yn comyng and such cherisshing with all gentilnesse as Chanons of 
the said Chirch coude make hem in such wyse that as for that way 
thei ought feyne no matier ne cause to compleyn hem of. 

ARTICLE VIII. 

Item to the viii. Article of the saide Maire and Commynalte, 
the saide Deane and Chapitre seyen that sothe it is that such 
a lane lieth bytwene the mansions of the saide Chanons and Friers, 
which lane is no severall grounde to the saide Maier and Commi- 
nalte but comon to all such Chanons as have mansions adjoynyng 
to the saide lane, there thourgh for to make theire cariages atte their 
ease and liberte withoute eny lycence of the saide Maier and Com- 
mynalte thereupon required to be asked ;- withoute that that the 
saide Deane and Chapitre or eny other man by theire comaundement 
have cast eny such rowble or unclenly things in to the saide lane or 
eny goter there have broke up or stones in eny wyse therof have 
caried awey. 

ARTICLE IX. 

Item to the ix. Article of the saide Maier and Comminalte, the 
saide Deane and Chapitre seyen that the trewe it is that atte the 
saide lane ende is a yate which perteyneth to the saide Friers and 
not to the saide Maier and Commynalte ne to their charge of repara- 
cion but therof to have a key to over see the towne walles, and the 
saide Friers to have another and the Chanons the thirde, by the 
which key so being in the saide Mayer's warde, yif eny nyght 



104 

walkers herkeners or any mysgoverned people or mysgoverned 
women have come yn or oute atte the saide yate, withoute that that 
thei have knowe eny other such people by the saide yate to come 
yn or oute which shulde noyse or disclaunder eny persone dwelling 
there withynne, or eny such mysrule used by eny persone of the 
saide Close atte the saide Beaufits Taverne, being a taverne in the 
saide towne and withoute the saide Close and fee. Wherfore it 
were ]> e part of the saide Maier, yif eny such mysrule and bawdery 
bee within the saide taverne, yif he be clere in his owne persone, to 
compleyne and to see that it were corrected and amended ; within 
which taverne the saide Deane and Chapitre have no such correcion 
ne knowe eny such mysruled preistes using the saide taverne as be 
specefied in the saide Article ne none so mysruled persones within 

the saide Close as he that is cause and yever of ensample 

to all such mysgovernance. a 

ARTICLE X. 

Item as to the x. Article of the saide Maier Baillifs and Com- 

minalte touching holding of eny pi the saide Bisshop 

saieth that no la we putte him therto to answere. Natwithstendi 

yn his saide Courte spiritual noon other plees but as hem 

ought to doo. And where as seyen that the saide 

Bisshop hath no lete but a simple Court Baron in Excetre ; 
therto the saide Bisshop saieth that he and his predecessours of 
tyme that no mynde is hath and have had in Excetre a viewe of 
Frank Plegge as it is more pleynly above rehersed. 

ARTICLE XI. 

Item as to the last and most disclaunderous Article, the saide 
Bisshop saieth that it is none other but mater of disclaundre 

if eny mysrule hath be within eny tenure of his in the 

saide Citee of eny mater vitaill yn especiall among other of brede 

This appears to be the answer which Shillingford speaks of at p. 16. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 105 

ale and wyne or any such, the punysshment and correccion therof 
perteyneth to the said Bisshop and of tyme that no mynde is hath 
be corected in Courtes of the saide Bisshop and his predecessours 
and yn no wyse by the saide Mayer and Comminalte, within which 
tenements the saide Mayer and Comminalte have no jurisdiccion 

correccion And the saide Bisshop saieth that neither he 

ne none other by his comaundement never sende s . . . . t wyne ne 
none other to Topsam ne to Budeux as the saide Mayer most dis- 
claunderly hath surmytted. 



XXXIV. 
THE MAYOR'S REPLICATIONS TO THE BISHOP'S ANSWERS. 

These buth the repplicacons of the Maier Baillifs and Comminalte of the Citee of Excestre 
to the Answeris of the Bysshop Dean and Chapitre of the Cathedrall Churche of 
Excestre. 

ARTICLE I. 

The seide Maier Baillifs and Comminalte seyn that alle the 
maters conteyned in their furste Article is gode and true as they 
ben and woll be at all tymes redy to prove as your full notable 
discrecions woll rule them to bothe by mater of recorde prescripcion 
and other wyse. Bot as to that they seyn that the seide Citee was 
never under the name of a Cite a fore the stallacion of Leofrike 
there furste Bysshop and that Seynt Edward accursed alle suche 
that yn eny wyse fro the seide Churche withdrawyn eny right or 
ayenst the seyde Churche malygne, the seide Mayer Baillifs and 
Comminalte seyn that the seide Cite was knowyn by the name of 
a Cite as hit appereth by olde croniclis and as hit ys write yn an olde 
table the which hongeth yn quere of the seide Church writen thus 
Anno Domini XLIX Vaspasianus cum exercitu Romano Civitatem 
Exonie octo diebus obsedit sed minime prevaluit, Arvirago Rege civi- 
bus prestante auxilium. And they supposeth right well that Seynt 

CAMD. SOC. P 



106 ARTICLES OP COMPLAINT, 

Edward accursed and knowyth right well yndede that they buth 
accursed alle suche that yn enywyse fro the seyde Churche wil- 
lyngly and wyttyngly withdrawith or buth wyllyng to withdrawe 
eny right fro the seide Churche or malynge ; and the seide Maier 
and all the hole Comminalte and the Mayer most specially prayeth 
and ever shall praye God and Seynt Edward and all the Seynts in 
hevyn and yow to do the same aswell as all they that withdrawith 
or wold withdraw eny right fro the seide Cite ; and they seyn that 
a fore Leofrike is tyme and yn the tyme of monkis of the order of 
Seynt Benet there dwellyng and possessed of the seide Churche and 
all thyngs therto belongyng, was and at alle tymes afore that of 
whiche no tyme of mynde is nother at that tyme was, stode called 
named and reputed as a Cite and so conceyved and knowed ; at 
whiche tyme the saide Churche Cimitere Paleys londis and tene- 
ments belongyng therto were have be and yet of right ought to be 
yn and of the saide Cite and parcell of the same, not separate ne 
distynct therfro ; withoute that hit is conteyned yn the boke of 
Domesdey that they were separate and distyncte fro the seide Cite, 
and withoute that the Bysshop and his predecessours tyme of Seynt 
Edward were possessed of eny suche fe as they seyn ; of the whiche 
sufficiant provis at alle tymes of recorde shall be redy to be had. And 
as to the fe ferme answered to the progenytours of Oure Soverayn 
Lorde the Kyng, they seyn that they and theire predecessours hilde 
the seide Cite at fe ferme yn the tyme of William Conquerrour 
as hit appereth of recorde ; afore whiche tyme, thenne of tyme that 
no mynde was, they and theire predecessours hadde holde the seide 
Cite to Fe Ferme yn like fourme. The whiche Fe Ferme by tyme 
aboveseide hath be made levy and payed by and to suche persons 
as to the seide Kyngs progenytours liked to assigne as of Fe Ferme 
of the said Cite. And as touchyng other articlis conteyned yn 
theire seide cornpleynt, the whiche the Bisshop Dean and Chapitre 
have answered yn theire repplicacion as they seyn, the seide Maier 
Baillifs and Comminalte seyn that the mater yn the repplicacion of 
the seide Bysshop Dean and Chapitre to their rejoynder made ys 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 107 

not sufficiantly answered ; the whiclie they remytte to you re grete 
wisedomys and discrecions ; and as to the answere to the rescours 
made by Hugh Lucays, they seyn that all the mater conteyned yn 
theire compleynt is gode and true as they at alle tymes wolbe redy 
to prove after youre discrecions. 

ARTICLE II. 

Item as to the seconde answere of the seide Bysshop Deane 
and Chapitre to the Articlis of this seyde Maier Baillifs and Com- 
minalte, they seyn that alle the maters yn that Article of compleyntis 
and every Article of Compleyntis wythynne the same as well as yn 
other answeris of the seyde Maier Baillifs and Comminalte to the 
Articlis of the sayde Bysshop Dean and Chapitre and yn the re- 
joynder to the same, som by matter of recorde some prescripcon and 
as hath be lawfully used, and som by other evident writyng and 
witnesse, shalbe proved gode and true after your wise discrecyons 
and as ye woll rule ham to. And as to that the Bysshop seyth that 
eny dyme or parcell therof sholde be payed to William Upton, som 
tyme beyng Maier, and by him receyved as depute to the Kyngis 
collectours yn the shire of Devonshire by the hondis of Walter 
Herte Baillifs of the seyde Bysshop, the seyde William Upton 
hath right faithfully seyde and we seye that he receyved never so 
ne yn none otherwyse no such money. And as to that the Bysshop 
seith as touchyng the payement of eny dyme yn the tyme of the 
seyde John Coteler that his tenantis of that he calleth his Fe were 
not y warned to come to tlje Gildehalle, to the assssyng therof, 
the seyde Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte seyn that they were 
warned as they were wont to be warned and as hit openly appereth 
yn the Articlis of the seyde Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte therof 
made. And as to that the Bysshop seith that his tenantis were 
assessed and sette of malys and yvell wyll to an ymportable some 
other wyse then ever they wer wont to paye so that ther wolde ' 
have remayned yn the seyde Mayer's hondys a grete some therof 
above the seide dyme like as ther hath rcrnayned yn other Mayer is 



108 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

hondys some tyme vii li. some tyme v ii. som tyme more som tyme 
lasse, the seyde Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte seyn that the seide 
Bysshoppis tenantis wer never so sette bot favorabilly and with- 
ynne that ham oughte and myghte have be assessed and payed, 
ne never otherwyse at no tyme assessed ne payed then longeth 
to tham to be assessed and payed or wyth ynne, as hit shall 
be ryght well y proved by ryght gode and true witnesse and olde 
bokys therof y made, and that by assent of ham self and their awne 
assent and aggrement. How so be that the seyde Mayer Baillifs 
and Comminalte by other men myght have assessed ham, they not 
called therto, ne no suche mony remayned, ne bot right litell or none 
at eny tyme hath remayned, and that what a hath remayned hath 
be departed ayen among suche of the porest puple that have bore 
charge and payed therto, and som tyme hath lakked ; whiche hath 
be payed with the comyn gode, while ther was eny, as well as som 
tymes all yn dyscharge of the comyn puple of the seyde Cyte, as all 
shall be ryght well knowed and proved by right gode and true 
notable evydent writyng and wytnesse. And as to that the seyde 
Bysshop seyeth that his seyde tenantys offerred to the forseyde John 
Cotyler as depute aforseyde to paye by the hondys of the forseyde 
Walter Herte Bayllif and yet buth redy so to paye as moche as they 
wer wont to paye to fore, and he refused and wolde not receyve hit, 
the seyde Mayer Bayllifs and Comminalte seyn that true hit ys 
that the seyde tenantys offerred to the forseyde John Coteler as 
depute aforseyde to paye, and yet as they supposeth byth redy so 
to paye bot as moche as was wont to be payed before was never ne 
may be putte yn certyn as alle the hole Cyte ys, and that bot 
sithenys the tyme of Kyng Edwarde the Thirdde the vi. yere as hit 
appereth of recorde ; the whiche they remytte to your wysedomys. 
And as they and John Coteler seyn that they ne wolde ne yet woll 
no suche mony so unlawfully assessed and made levy as hit ys sur- 
mytted yn the Article of the seyde Mayer Bayllifs and Comminalte 

a what] when, MS* 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 109 

therof made, yn no wyse receyve, and that was the cause that the 
seyde John Coteler wolde none receyve but refused the seyde 
unlawful proffre. And as to all the remanent of the seyde Article, 
the seyde Mayer Bayllifs and Comminalte seyn that they woll prove 
hit gode and true as hit ys aboveseyde yn this same repplycacion. 

ARTICLES III. IV. 

Item as to the thirdde and fourthe Answeris of the seyde 
Bysshop Dean and Chapitre, the seyd Mayer Bayllifs and Commin- 
alte seyn that the mater conteyned yn their seyde Articlis shall 
be sufficyantly proved gode and true som by mater of recorde 
and some by mater of recorder and som by prescripcyon and as hit 
hath be lawfully used and som by other evydent writyng and 
wytnesse ; the whiche they answer not bot by mater of travers ; bot 
wher they seyn that the punysshment of alle purpresturys longeth 
to the Kyng and not to the seyde Mayer Bayllifs and Comminalte, 
they seyn that of tyme that no mynde is the Mayer Baillifs and 
Comminalte and their predecessours have hadde and of right aughte 
to have alle maner punysshementys and avantagys of alle maner 
purpresturys withynne the seyde Cite and precyncte of the same, 
the whiche they buth redy to averre and prove. And as touchyng 
to theire surmys that every freholder yn the seyde Cyte have used 
to make stallis yoyant to theyr tenementis yn maner and fburme 
yn the seide answeris conteyned, the seyde Mayer Baillifs and 
Comminalte seyn that theyr seyde answer ys no sufficient prescrip- 
cyon ne answer sufFycyant yn la we ; the whiche they putte yn your 
wysedomys. And as touchyng eny suche stallys to be made ayenst 
eny freholde, they seyn that no freholder aughte no sholde of 
ryght make no stallys ayenst theyr freholde withoute hit hadde be 
used and accustomned of tyme that no mynde is or by leve of the 
seyde Mayer and Comminalte. And they seyn that the housys and 
tenementis whiche the seyde purpresturis beth made and y hadde 
buth bot of right late tyme and withynne tyme of mynde bulled 



110 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

and never none before. The whiche tenements and purpresturis 
buth alle yn and of and parcell of the seide Cite. 

ARTICLE V. 

Item as to v e Answer to the Article of the seyde Mayer Bail- 
liffs and Cominalte, they seyn that all the mater comprehended yn 
the seyde Article shall be effectually proved gode and true. And 
as to that they seyn that the seide Maier and Comminalte hadde 
never comyn wey thurgh the seyde cloyster, they seyn that withynne 
tyme of mynde ther was no suche Cloyster ther bot all opyn 
Churche hey and a comyn wey over yn to the seide Churche ; and 
as to the remanent of the mater comprehended yn the seide answer, 
the seide Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte seyn that they by the 
lawe buth not bounde therto to answere. 

ARTICLE VI. 

Item as to the vi. Answer of the seyde Bysshop Deane and 
Chapitre, the seyde Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte' seyn that all 
the mater conteyned yn their Article is gode and true and not 
feyned ne to disclaunder no mynester of the seyde Churche. And 
yn speciall that the Close yeates and the litell stile most specyally 
wer y-shitte as hit is comprehended yn the Article therof made ; 
withoute that eny suche came yn atte lytell stile beryng fyre in a 
sho as they surmytteth or yn eny other wyse, and that shall be ryght 
well and truly proved. 

ARTICLE VII. 

Item as to the vii e Answer of the seyde Bysshop Deane and 
Chapitre, they seyn that all the m[ater in the] seyde Article con- 
teyned is gode and true as hit shall be ryght well proved by ryght 
gode and .... writyng and witnesse. And as to that they seyn 
that the postern dorys specefied yn the seyde ar[ticle] sholde be of 
the brede of a kernell of the seyde towne wallis and that by the 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. Ill 

frowardness to yvell [entent] suffred the seyde posternes and part 
of the wall to fall adown and to lye open for defaute of reparacion 
[to the] entente that they myght have fre comyng yn to the seide 
gardyns at their owne will to fa[yne maters] of disclaunder aponthe 
minesters of the seyde Churche, and that the comyng yn of the 
Mayor [and] suche dredeful puple of his Comminalte sholde be 
the mysgoverned puple and yncomyers that the Mayer and Com- 
minalte compleyn of yn their article, and that they for their owne 
necessyte for defaute of reparacion atte their awne propre costeys 
and expensis have repayred the seyde wall so fall adoun and y 
made dorys yn they re severall grounde, the seide Maier Baylifs 
and Comminalte seyn furst that the seyde dorys sholde be of the 
brede of the thicknesse of the towne wall withynne the kernellis of 
the same, and that no suche wall fill adoun for defaute of reparacon ; 
bot right late Mayster John Druell, Archidiakne of Excetre, tenant 
of oon of the seide iiii. gardyns ther hit is supposed oon sholde fall 
adoun, drewe adoun a sufficiant wall and dore larger for his awne 
yese and disporte and all at his awne wyll, and oon Mayster 
Kobert Boson, som tyme Chaunceller of the Cathedrall Churche of 
Excetre, beyng tenaunt of oon of the said iiii. gardyns, stopped 
up oon of the dorys stondyng an high upon the wall of the 
towne and made another postern dore allowe yn his gardyn for 
his better yese and disporte going yn and oute at t that dore; 
the whiche stoppyng of the dore the Maier and Comminalte ever 
sithen have -BufFred and go yn and oute when tyme hath be at 
that other side dore, excepte this yer that he wolde not, and thogh 
he wolde he was forbode and lette by the tenant of the seyde 
gardyn. And this buth the posternys dorys and wallis fall adoun 
for defaute of reparacion and y-made upon their severall grounde 
at their propre costys and expensis repayred that they compleyn 
ham of, withoute that the Mayer and Comminalte of frowardnesse to 
yvell entent suffredde the seyde posternys and part of the wall fall 
adoun to fayne maters of disclaunder apon the minesters of the seide 
Churche, and withoute that the Mayer or eny of his Comminalte 



112 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

be eny suche dredefull and mysgoverned puple and yncomyers as 
tliey speke of; for the puple that the Mayer and Comminalte yn their 
divers Articlis meneth and compleyne ham of, their namys not 
specifyed for noyse and disclaunder that myght come therof, ys ne 
buth their Holy Gostly Fader the Bysshop ne Deane ne Chapitre ne 
none of tham ne bot right fewe of their mynesters ne servantis famyliars 
that such noyse and disclaunder as hit is supposed sholde be to, bot 
right grete and worthy of the contrey and suche as have be wonte 
to be called worthy of the Cite of Excetre and other to grete harme 
hurte hyndryng noyse and disclaunder of M ti and moche more ; the 
which all shall be proved gode and true and parcell as the lawe 
wyll bytwene party and party, prayng yow my Lorde Chaunceller 
yf hit please your gode Lordesship by mouthe to knowe hit &c, 
and all yn defaut of kepyng of the seyde yeatis posternys dorys. 
Wherfor we the Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte of the Cite of 
Excestre praying yow oure Lorde Chaunceller most specially, and 
yow oure other Lordis Justises, to comaunde our Holy Fader the 
Bysshop Deane and Chapitre to suffre us yn pees and godely to 
amende and repayre alle such yeatys and dorys as wte of right and 
of lawe aught to amende and repayre as hit shall be right well y 
proved and yn especiall alle the dorys and posternys apon the towne 
wallis y-specefyed yn their vii e Article and two dyvers lokkis and 
keyes to be sette apon every dore to be opened bot onys yn a yer 
after the fourme effecte and entent of a composicon therof made 
and to avoyde alle yn and oute comyers bot as by the compesicon 
aboveseide. And that they may have make repayr maynner use 
and occupye to their awne use and do as they woll and aughte to do 
with and yn the same tour comprehended yn the seide vii. Article 
as well as the dorys and posternys after the fourme effecte and 
entent of the seyde composicon as lawe right and reson requyreth, 
the whiche tour and dorys yn their Article of compleyntis as hit 
is compleyned ys not withseyde. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 1 13 

ARTICLES VIII. IX. X. 

Item as to the viii e ix e x e and xi e Answers of the seyde 
Bysshop Deane and Chapitre, they seyn that all the mater con- 
teyned yn the seide Articlis, as well as yn the Articlis above- 
seyde, buth god and tru as hit shall be well proved, as hit ys 
specefyed in the furst thridde and fourthe repplicacions : and as to 
that they seye that the yeate atte the Freren Lane ende perteyneth 
to the Freris and not to the seyde Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte 
ne to their charge of reparacion and by the keye yn the seyde 
Mayeris warde yf eny nyght walkers herkeners or eny other mys- 
governed puple or wymmen have come yn or owte atte seyde dore, 
that they have come by avys and ordynance of the seyde Mayer; 
and also as to that they seyn that it wer the part of the seyde 
Mayer, yf eny suche mysrule as ys comprehended yn the Article or 
bawdry, yf he be clere yn his awne person, to compleyn and to se 
that hit wer corrected and amended, and that they knowe none 
suche mysruled person as he that is cause and yever of ensampell 
of all suche mysgovernance ; the Mayor Baillifs and Comminalte 
seyn that the Freris have no yeate ther ne keye, ne none aughte to 
have, ne never they ne none other man hadde, ne aughte to have 
bot by the Mayer and Comminalte, and that the Mayer and Com- 
minalte at alle tymes have made the seyde yeate and repayred hit as 
all shall be right well proved by right gode open and evydent 
writyngs and witnesse, and that the Mayer ne no man that they 
surmytteth apon hadde never keye therof wherby eny suche mys- 
governed puple sholde come yn or owte. And the Mayer seith 
that true hit is that hit is his part to correcte and amend suche 
mysgovernance as ys surmytted yn Beaufitz is Taverne all that 
longeth to the Kyng and to his pees withoute leve y asked. And 
he seyth that he knoweth right well he hath be right negligent and 
sparyng theryn as yn other offencys meny and dyvers, supposyng to 
the worlde warde for the beste duryng the tyme of this entrety. 
Bot savynge the commaundement of yow my Lorde Chaunceller 

CAMD. SOC. Q 



1 14 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

and other lordes, he woll amende hit as sone as God well yeve hym 
grace and tyme to as the lawe woll. And as to his clere lyvyng yn 
his awne person and cause yever of ensample of all suche mys- 
governance, he seyth that God wote who ys cler of his lyvyng " quia 
nemo sine crimine vivit" and prayeth the causers doers and wyllers 
therof every man furst to se his awne defautis as well theryn or and 
as well as yn other defautis grettere and more perill and offence 
then this, and he that fyndeth himself cler, caste he the furst ston 
as yn the Gospell, and do he has the Mayer shall for his part, 
bysekyng yow my Lorde of Canterbury as Archebysshop Prymate 
and hedde of all Churche of Engelonde and his High Holy Gostly 
Fader to amytte hym to his purge for the grete parte of the 
mater of disclaunder that ys thus disclaundely of yvell wyll openly 
putte apon hym and that for the love of God and yn wey of charite. 

The articles of complaint being answered and replied to, the proofs 
appear to have been stated. The following "Articles of Proof" and 
the answers thereto have been found. 



XXXV. 

THE BISHOP'S ARTICLES AGAINST THE CITY TO PROVE THAT 
THE BISHOP'S FEE is DISTINCT AND SEPARATE FROM 
THE CITY. 

These maters folwyng prove that the Cathedral Churche of Excetre and the Cimitere 
thereof and also the Bysshoppls fee there, otherwyse called Seynt Stephenys fee, buth 
distyncte and ceparate fro the Cyte of Excetre. 

I. Furst hit ys conteyned yn the boke of Domys Day "quod rex 
habet in Exonia ccc. domos xv. minus 7c. Episcopus habet in 
Exoniaxlvij. domos duas acrasterre et dimidiam ^c." whiche maketh 
the seyde Churche Cimitere and fee, so that the saide boke provyth 
that the Bysshoppys tenementis were frank fe and cevered fro the 
Kyngs aunceon demene, whiche aunceon demene maketh the seide 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 115 

Cite as the Mayer and Comminalte of Excetre have supposed before 
this yn theire awne writyng. 

II. Item William Conquerrour and alle his heiris hadde the seide 
Cite yn theire awne hondes as there aunceon demene distyncte and 
ceparate fro the seide Bysshoppis tenementis tille the ij de yere of 
the reynyng of Kyng H. the thirdde duryng whiche tyme somme 
yeris the Shirivys of Devonshire accompted of the issuys and proffitis 
therof yn the Kynges Excheker as parcell of the ferme of the shire 
and somme yeres gardeyns of the seide Cite, as hit appereth of recorde 
yn the Escheker; all whiche tyme the seide Bysshoppis tenementis 
were not claymed to be parcell of the seide Cite. 

III. Item none of the Bysshoppes of Excetre nother theire tenantes 
of theire saide tenementis paied never rente nother didde eny ser- 
vicys [to] the lordes nother to the gardeyns or possessours of the 
seide Cite as tenantes of aunceon demene doth to their lordes. 

IY. Item the seide Bysshoppis fro the tyme that noo mynde ys 
have hadde a Court yn theire seide fe and lete and vyw de franke 
plegge, as shall be proved by olde rollis therof, and correccion of 
brekyng of assise of bred and of ale and of assauts and of alle other 
articlis longyng to a lete, and wrytts of right sywed there 7c. 

V. Item the citeseyns of the seide Cite hadde never libertees ne 
custumys before Kyng Harey is tyme the thirdde bot as Burgeyses 
and tenantes of aunceon demene sholde have ; at whiche tyme 
they were worthy and thrifty puple and suffred the seide Bysshoppes 
and theire tenantes of theire seide fe to be yn pees till afterward 
nywe charters were made to theyme. 

VI. Item the Citeseyns of Excetre hadde never the seide Cite 
to fe ferme before Kyng H. ys tyme the thirdde ; at whiche tyme 
they by coloure of a voyde charter made to theym therof by Kichard 



116 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

Kyng of Almayne brother of the seide Kyng H. wrongfully usurpyd 
apon liym claymyng to hold the seide Cite by fe ferme, wherfore 
the same Cite was resumyd yn to Kyng E. the thriddes hondes by 
vertu of a jugement hadde ther apon by grete deliberacion, and the 
Shrive of Devonshire charged by writte to answere to the Kyng of 
the yssuys and profits therof, as hit appereth of recorde yn the 
Escheker ; and afterward the same Kyng by his letters patentz graunted 
the seide Cite to the saide Citeseyns and to theire successours to fe 
ferme; syth whiche tyme they have wrongfully dyvers tymes claymed 
the seide Bysshoppes tenements to be parcell of the seide Cite other- 
wyse then ever was done afore. 

Indorsed : Copia vera. 



XXXVI. 
THE MAYOR'S ANSWERS TO THE BISHOP'S ARTICLES OF PROOF. 8 

These bene b the Aunswerys to the Articulis of Provys y putte yn by the [Bysshop Deane 
and Chapitre of the] Cathedrall Churche of Exeter ayens the Mayer Baylyfs and 
[Comminalte of the same Cite to prove that the] seide Cathedrall Churche the Cyme- 
tere therof and that [they c calle now the Byshoppis fe otherwyse and rather y] called 
Seynt Stephens ys fee and nowe otherwyse they calle c [the Bishoppis fee] sholde be 
ceparate and distyncte away fro the seyd Cytee. 

As to the firste artycle of provis where the seide Bisshop Deane and 
Chapitre seyn that hit is conteyned yn the boke of Domysdey quod 
rex habet in Exonia ccc. domos xv. minus 7c. Episcopus habet in 
Exonia xlvij. [domos duas acras terre et dimidiam 7c. whiche] 
maketh the seide Churche Cimitere and fe so that the seide boke 
proveth as the seid Bysshop seith that the Bisshoppis [tenauntes 

* The text is from an imperfect copy roll. A collation is given from a full copy in 
parchment found after the transcript was made it is designated A for the purpose. 
Slight variations of spelling have not been noted. 

b bene] byth. A. 

c they to calle " yn ther ffirst article of these compleynts called Seynt Stephyns Fee and 
nowe otherwise they callyth the Bisshoppes fee shalbe, &c." A. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 117 

were frank fe and cevered fro the] Kynges aunceon demene. The 
whiche the seide Maier and Comminalte seyn is noo prove that the 
[seyde Churche Cimitere and fe ne tenaunts] buth frank fe separate 
and distincte awey fro the seide Cite and that they remytte yn a to 
your grete wise [domys]. And yf hit so were by reson hit sholde 
be called Seynt Peter is fe, and so was hit never, nother the Bysshop 
is fe as they now claymeth bot long sithenys tyme of mynde. Bot 
if eny fe be hit hath be called Seynt Stephens fe as the seide 
Bisshop hath supposed and claymed yn his furst and seconde articlis 
of compleyntis, and annexed to the Churche of Seynt Stephen of 
Excetre hed place of the seide fe, as of olde tyme hit hath be seide 
knowed and called. Yn prove wherof some of the tenantis of the 
seide Bysshop holdeth and bereth rente to the seid Bysshop as by 
right of the seide Churche of Seynt Stephen and sywte and servyce 
to the seide Bysshop as by the right of J? e same Churche ; and 
somme bothe by rente sywte and servys to the seide Bisshop as by 
right of the seide Churche of Seynt Stephen ; w* oute that ony house 
lond or tenemente hold of the seid Bisshop of that he calleth hys 
fee forseid ben holde of the seid Bisshop as of the right of his Church 
of Seynt Peter forsaid ; and withoute that the Churche of Seynt 
Peter Cimitere or housis withynne the procyncte of the seide 
Cimitere berying eny suche rente sywte or servys to the seide 
Churche of Seynt Stephen or to the seide Bysshop by right of the 
seide b Churche nother the seide Churche of Seynt Stephen beryng 
eny suche rente swyte or servys to the seide Churche of Seynt Peter. 
And so hit proveth yf eny be Seynt Stephens fe, ceparate and dis- 
tyncte away fro the seide Cathedrall Churche and Cimitery, as the 
seide Bysshop hymself yn his furste and seconde articulis of com- 
pleyntis separatly and ceverally hath supposed and claymed ; with- 
oute that hit be conteyned yn the Boke of Domysday or Osbert the 
seconde Bysshop of Excetre [among wother claymed or made] 
mencyon of eny suche Church of Seynt Stephen or fe ; and with- 

a yn] omitted in A. b seide] same. A. 



118 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

oute that eny of the seide Bysshoppis predecessours were seised of 
eny fe yn the tyme of Kyng William Conquer rour as they have 
above supposed and claymed. And so the seide a boke of Domysday 
proveth right noght for the saide Bisshop Deane and Chapiter yn 
this mater, b and that they remytteth as hit is aboveseide. b Bot they 
seyn that hit proveth by that the Bisshop Deane and Chapitre seyn 
as hit is conteyned yn the boke of Domesday with more as hit is 
conteyned yn the same boke thereto yn these wordis ' ' De tempore 
Regis Edwardi Episcopus habet in Exonia duas acras terre et dimi- 
diam et jacent cum terra Burgensium que ad ecclesiam pertinent," 
the whiche lorde Osbert the seconde Bishop there claymed to have 
yn Seynt Edward is tyme yn the Cite of Excetre withoute eny 
more as hit appereth yn the same boke of recorde ; the whiche 
londe maketh the Bisshoppis Paleis and the gardynes annexed 
therto. And yn Kyng William Conquerro r is tyme the seide 
Bisshop claymed the same londe and a Churche beryng a marke 
and xlvij. housis beryng xg. xd. not makyng mencyon perteynyng 
to his Churche. The whiche rentis as well as of meny other housis 
londis and tenementis y-holde yn the seide Cite yn like wise somme 
of Seint Edwardis tyme and somme of the seide Kyng William 
Conquerrour is tyme beryng custume or rente or bothen d ; of the 
whiche Churches housis londis and tenementis somme buth of the 
seide Bisshoppis and his predecessours and somme of Bisshoppis of 
other dioceses and of religeous and of erlis barons knyghtes squyers 
and other none withseide bot all parcell of the seide Cite and 
annexed to the same, whas namys and parcellis meny buth conteyned 
yn a bulle annexed herto 6 with meny moo that ther buth, in alle 

a seide] omitted in A. b and to aboveseide] omitted. A. 

c Bishop] omitted. A. d bothen] both. A. 

e On a rider occur extracts from Domesday relating to houses in Exeter which pay 
custom to the King, viz. : " Terra episcopi de Exonia. Episcopus de Exonia habet in 
civitate unam ecclesiam que reddit j marcam argenti et xlvij. domos reddentes xs. xd. 
et due domus sunt vastate per ignem. Ibi due acre terre et dimidia et jacent cum terra 
Burgensium que ad eccliam pertinent. Ipse episcopus tenet in Excestria ix. domos 
reddentes iijs." Also " Terra Episcopi Constantiensis Ecclesia Batailze Terra Comitis 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 119 

maketh the nombre of Ix. and moo 7c. as hit appereth of recordc. 
The whiche rentis alle of tyme that no mynde renneth have be and 
yet bene parcell of the fe ferine of the seide Cite. And so hit 
proveth by the seide boke of Domesdey that the seide Churche 
Cimitere housis londis tenementis and fe buth not franke fe ne 
ceparate ne distincte awey fro the saide Cite, as they above have 
leide, bot at all tymes have ben and yet buth yn and of the seide 
Cite annexed therto and parcell of the same as well as of other of 
the same holdyng comprehended and made mencion of yn the seide 
bille. And yn prove that the seide Cite was at fe ferme yn the tyme 
of Kyng William Conquerrour hit proveth by these wordis yn the 
seide boke " Exonia hec reddit xviij. libras" the whiche rente so 
putte yn certeyne proveth a fe ferine. And yn more prove therof 
they seyn that yn Kyng Harry is tyme the furst, sone to the Con 
querroure, the iiij e yere of his regne, Mawte his Quene founded the 
hous of Crechurche yn London and yeaf to the foundacion therof 
" duas partes redditus Exonie." And so the same Kyng Harry the 
furste confermed hit by these wordes " De redditu Exonie 5 ' 7c. 
And so hit proveth fe ferme. a Bot yn more full prove therof the 
same Kyng sende a writte yn to the Barons of his Escheker yn the 
whiche is conteyned these wordis " Sciatis me concessisse esse 
stabule (sic) donum quod Matilda uxor mea dedit et concessit 
Canonicis Sancte Trinitatis Londonie de firma civitatis Exonie. 
Et ita distringatis sicut feceritis de mea propria firma." The 



Moritonie Terra Baldwin! Vicecomitis Terra Radulfi Pomeray Terra Alveredi 
Terra Godeboldi," with this note : " The whiche alle churchis housys londys and tene- 
mentis buth of oo holdyng as well as ryght meny moo other and dy verse whiche alle 
passyth the nombre of Ix. and moo beryng rente or yeldyng custume as all apperith of 
recorde yn the seyd boke, none wythseyd except the xlvij. housys aboveseyd now late ; 
the whiche the Mayer and Comminalte seyn that all buth parcell of the seyd Cytee yn 
and of and annexid to the same. And they seyn that all the rentys aforseyd ben parcell 
of the fe ferme of the said Cyte, and that rentys and custumys proveth a fe ferme by 
prescripcion at that tyme. And the Cyte not yn the Kinges hondes as hit ys yn theire 
seconde Article of pro vis supposid." 
a fee ferme. A. 



120 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

whiche writte is of recorde wherof a copy is redy to sliewe, and 
thus hit proveth that the seide Maier and Comminalte hadde the seide 
Cyte of Excetre to fe ferme yn the tyme of Kyng William Conquerro 1 " 
by no graunt of Kyng bot by prescripcion, and so [at all tymes] vew 
de franke plegge as they have alleide yn theire furste article of theire 
compleyntis and as hit is allowed be fore justice yn Eier a amonge 
other thynges by these wordis " Gives Exonie habent placita de 
vetito namio, furcas, assisas panis et servisie 7c. Et hec omnia 
habuerunt ante conquestum et post ;" a copy of whiche recorde 
is redy to shewe : and yet yn prove that hit is a fe ferme, hit was 
never answered yn to the Escheker bot by rente certeyn as hit 
is aboveseide and paied by suche hondis as hit appereth yn the 
seconde article of the repplicacions to the answeris to the articles of 
the seide Maier and Comminalte or by name of a fe ferme as yn 
the iij de Kyng Harry is tyme the xx. yere of his regne by these 
wordis " Gives Exonie debent xij ti xix s. de firma ville sue et vj ti 
ix. vj d. de eadem pro dimidio anno sed non debent summoneri 
quia Ricardus b frater Regis Comes Cornubie habet 7c." as hyt 
apperith of recorde as wel as yn the thrydde Edward is tyme, the 
v jte y ere O f ki s re g ne . a t whiche tyme the Cyte was seisyd yn to the 
kynges hondys and the Shrivey charged wyth the yssuys and profitis 
therof by wrytte by thes wordys " Preceptum est Vicecomiti 7c. 
quod eandem civitatem capiat in manu Regis et de proficuis inde 
provenientibus " 7c. The whiche were never by the Shyryve y 
aunswerid yn to the Kyng, bot at hys accomptes therof discharged 
and the Citee charged by thes wordis: " De qua quidem firma 
iidem Major et Gives restant onerandi " 7c. And so hit, proveth 
alwey a fee ferme as hyt is abovesayde ; wy thout that hit was at ony 
tyme y aunswerid yn to the Escheker by these wordis "de proficius 
aut de exitibus" ^c. 

Item to prove that the seyd Churche londis and tenantis buth 
noo franke fe ne ceparate ne distyncte awey fro the seyd Cytee as 

a Justices of an eyer. A. b Richardus] Rex. MS. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 121 

they have above supposid and leyd ; a furste hit is a grete prove 
the grete and meny dyvers pro vis that the Mayer and Cominalte have 
provid the cite at fe ferme and long contynuance as hit ys above seyd 
and leyde. And for more opyn prove the Mayer and Comminalte 
seyn that alie the Bysshoppis tenantys of that he callyth Seynt 
Stephyn ys fe at all tymes have be chargeable and charged wyth 
theym yn al maner taxacions talliages and charges, the whiche buth 
specyfied yn al b theire seconnde article of compleyntes, andspecyaly 
yn a taxe yn the furste Edwardys tyme, the vj. yere of his regne, of 
every mannys rente of cytees and burghes the x tb parte to the Kyng, 
as hit more opynly apperyth yn the fourth article of provys ; at 
whiche tyme of assesse levy and payment made therof there was no 
mencion ne exception y-made of no fe lond ne tenemente dystyncte 
ne ceparate awey fro the seyd Citee, but al payed as hit ys above- 
seyde; and the Bisshoppis tenantes specyaly as hit apperyth by 
rollys and the commyssyon of recorde, the whiche buth redy to 
shewe. 

Item more and right openly hit proveth by this that the tenantis 
of the seide Seint Stephens fe to alle dymes y-graunted and payed 
to the Kyng at eny tyme, the whiche dymes buth graunted c payed 
and made levye bot of cytees and burghes, the seyd tenantys of 
moste olde tyme and sythenys hath payed, and yet yn thes dayes 
whan hit cometh, payeth, and not by tham withsayde. And so 
hyt proveth opynly parcelle of the seyd Cytee or els Cyte or burgh 
by hym sylfe. And so was hyt never. 

Item hit proveth by that that coroners of the seide Cite aughte 
and so have executed theire power that longeth to theire office of 
coronershipp as well yn the Cathedrall Churche of Excetre as yn 
alie other placys housis londis and tenementis with ynne the seide 
clos and cimitere as yn alle other housis londis and tenementis of 
the seide Bysshopis with ynne the seide fe whanne hit hath falle, as 
hit openly proveth yn the vij. article of our provys. 

and teyd] omitted. A. b al] omitted. A. 

c graunted] omitted. A. 
CAMD. SOC. R 



122 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

Item hit proveth by that dyvers londis and tenementis lyyng yn 
dyvers placis of the clos and amydde the cimitere of the seide a 
Cathedrall Churche, aswell as of other londis and tenementis of the 
tenementis that the Bisshop calleth to be of his fee, by the pre- 
decessours of the Bisshop and dyvers of his tenantis of the same fe 
have pleded and be pleded and recovered before the seide Maier 
and Baillifs, and so stondeth seised at this day ; and the Bisshop 
specially, and the housis londis and tenementis of the seid fe have 
passed by fynes and testamentis and y-ruled at alle tymes after the 
custume of the same Cite, as hit openly is proved yn the viij. 
article of provys of the seide Maier and Comminalte and by recordis 
wherof titelynggis thereafter suyth : the whiche recordis buth redy 
to shewe. b The whiche y-shewed they truste to God and to youre 
gode lordshippis that hit shall stoppeham, and they not to be receyved 
to seye the contrary nother the Churche housis londis ne tenementis 
of theiris aboveseide buth b ceparate ne distyncte fro the seide Cite 
bot yn and of parcell of the seide Cite and annexed to the same as 
they have above proved. 

Item as to the seconde article of provys where the Bisshop Deane 
and Chapiter seyn that William Conquerrour and alle his heiris 
hadde the seide Cite yn theire awne hondis as theire aunceon de- 
mene distyncte and ceparate fro the seide Bisshoppis tenementis till 
the seconde yere of Kyng Harry the thridde, duryng whiche tyme 
shyryves of Devonschyre accompted of yssuys and profytes therof 
as parcell of ferme of the shyre, and some yerys gardeynys 7c. All 
whiche tyme the Bysshoppys tenementys were not claymed to be 
parcell 7c. To the whiche artycle the Mayer and Communalte 
seyn that the contrarye of al thys artycle yn theire furste artycle 
abovesayde ys suffycanntly proved and that they remytte yn to youre 
grete wysdomys. c 

Item as to the thrid artycle of provys. where the Bysshop Deane 

a seide] omitted. A. 

b The to buth] and is sufficient to prove that they byth nott. A. 

c and to wisdomys] omitted. A. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 123 

and Chapytre seyn that none of the Bysshoppis of Excetre nother 
their tenantys a of theyr seyd tenementys b payed never rente nother 
didde eny servys to the lordys as tenantys of aunceon demesne: 
Thereto the seyd Mayer and Comminalte seyn that the seyd Byshop- 
pis and their tenantys of olde tyme hau done and payed as tham 
aughte to do and paye and as hit ys comprehendyd yn the fyrste 
artycle abovesayde. 

Item as to the fourthe artycle of provys, where the seyd Bysshop 
Deane and Chapytre seyn that the seyd Bysshoppys fro the tyme 
that no mynde ys have hadde a courte yn theyr seyd fe and lete 
and vew de frank pleg, as shal be proved by olde rollys therof, and 
correccion of brekyng of Assise of bred and of ale and of assautys 
and of alle other articles longyng to a lete and wryttys of ryght 
ryght sy wed there : Therto the seyd Mayer and Comminalte seyn that 
they ne have ne aughte to have bot Courte Baron, and that longeth 
therto. And that is to prove by many and dyvers records aredy tc. 
And as to all the remanent of the same article, hit ys proved the 
contrary yn the furste article aboveseyde, and yn the seconde 
article of their provys uc. 

Item as to the fyfte article of provys, where the seyd Bysshop 
Deane and Chapytre seyn that the Cyteseyns of the seyd Cytee 
hadde never liberties ne custumes before Kyng Herry ys tyme the 
thridde bot as burgeyses and tenantys of aunceon demene shulde 
have ; Therto the seyd Mayer and Comminalte seyn that they and 
theire predecessours have hadde and used custumys and libertees by 
prescripcion as hit ys above proved yn theire furste article, and 
as they maye and ys proved yn the b nexte the vj e article sywyng as 
wel yn c Kyng Harry is tyme the furste as hit apperith by hys 
chartre of recorde that they have the same liberties and custumys 
that London hath by thes wordys " Sciatis eos habere consuetudines 
Londoniensium sicud barones mei ibidem nobis testantur." The 



a of tu tenementys] omitted. A. b the] and the. A. 

c yn] as yn. A. 



124 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

whiche ys no ny we graunte bot proveth a prescripcion, and so hit ys 
alowed before Justyse yn Eyere. And as toward that they seyn that of 
olde tyme there were thrifty puple yn the Cite of Excetre, as who 
seyth to every mannys understondyng and als hit wol be take noo 
thrifty puple there nowe, the whiche is no mater yn substaunce to 
aunswere to ; nerthelez hit shall be aunswered and declared among 
other maters yn a bulle y-brought to my Lord Chaunceler. 

Item as to that they seyn that the Mayer and Comminalte of the 
seyd Cytee suffrid the seyd Bysshoppis and theire tenantys to be yn 
pease ; thereto thei seyn thare was no debate ne no cause of debate, 
but nowe ; for the Bysshoppis predecessours at that tyme and all 
theire tenantys didde sy we, pledid and were pledid before the Mayer 
and Bailyfs as tham aughte to do, and never claymed to be ceparate 
ne distyncte awey fro the seyd Cytee, as hit proveth by dyverse 
evydencys and recordys yn our articlis of provys specifyed. 

Item as to the vj e Article of provys where the seyd Bysshop 
Deane and Chapitre seyn that the cyteseyns of the Cytee hadde 
never the Cyte to fe ferme before Kyng Harry ys tyme the thrid, 
and that they seyn a that the seyd Cytee was seysed yn to Kyng E. 
the thridde ys hondys. And as to that they seyn a that the Shyryve 
of Devonshyre was charged by writte to aunswere to the Kyng yn 
hys Escheker of the yssuys and profetys of the seyd Cyte ; and as 
to that they seyn that afterward the same Kyng by his letters 
patentz grauntid the seyde Cyte to the seyd cyteseyns and to theyre 
successours to fe ferme ; the Mayer and Comminalte seyn as to the 
seysyng of the seyd Cyte and takyng of a nywe charter, they buth 
not by the lawe excludid to clayme al the olde custumes franchyses 
and libertees by prescripcions as they didde before. And as to that 
they seyn that they sythenys have claymed the seyd Bysshoppis 
tenementys to be parcell of the seyd Cytee otherwise than ever was 
done before ; b they seyn never bot as ham aughte to do, and as they 
have provid yn the furste article of pro vis aboveseyd. And as to 

a that to seyn] omitted. A. 

i> they to 'tc.] which is well proved yn the first article of provys ; A. which ends here. 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 125 

all the remmanaunte of this article, hit ys proved yn theire firste 
article abovseyd 7c. b 

Thes aunsweris thus made writen and delyvered yn to your gode 
lordshippis, we the Mayer and Comminalte of the seyd Cyte of 
Excetre trustyng to God that we have after the Kyngis comaunde- 
ment do writen and delyvered yn al that we aughte to do and 
dely ver, praying you of your gode and gracious lordshippis that the 
Bisshop Deane and Chapitre do the same for theire parte, that yet 
buth byhynde of rejoynyng to our Articles and the aunswere to 
oure article of provys. And so the parties to stonde evyn, and 
over that replie to thes aunsweris, and we shall rejoyne and lete 
them do the same to oure articles of provis. And as we truste to 
God the maters by evydencis shall be so declarid that right shall 
opynly appere. And therapon that hit please your gode and 
gracious lordshippis so to make an ende after the fourme effecte 
and entente of our Article of supplicacion yn the ende of the 
Artycles of our Provis conteyned. And if eny partie be yn defaute 
let hym be so reulid knowed and reportid to the Kyng our soverayne 
lord 7c. And that for the love of God and yn way of charyte. 

Indorsed. Copia vera. Et examinatur per Montegu et Johannem 
Aleyn. 

The Bishop and the Dean and Chapter put in Articles of Com- 
plaint against the Mayor and Citizens, which were answered by the 
City, and replied to by the Bishop and Dean and Chapter. These 
articles, answers, and replication, however, are not to be found; the 
answer to the replication only has been discovered. It is as follows : 



126 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 



XXXV. 

THE MAYOR'S ANSWER TO THE REPLICATION OF THE ANSWER 

OF THE BISHOP. 

These ben the Answeres of the Mayer Bailliffs and Comminalte of the Cite of Excetre 
to the Replicacion of the Answeres to the Articlis of Compleyntys of the Right 
Reverende Fader yn God the Bisshop of the Cathedrall Churche of Seynt Peter of 
Excetre, the Dean and Chapitre of the same Churche. 

As to the Replicacion of the Bisshop of Excetre made &c. ayenst 
the Furst Answere of the sayde Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte, 
Where the sayde Bysshop yn his repplicacion seyth that there was 
an Eyre holdon yn the Shire of Devonshire afore Salamon Roof 
and his felowes atte Excetre yn the vtas of Seynt Marty n the yere 
of the regne of Kyng Edward the Furst the ix e , and that the 
sayde Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte were not restored by fyn by 
replevyn made of the sayde libertees and franchises. And also that 
yn the iii e yere of Kyng Edward the iii de the sayde Cyte wyth the 
apurtenaunce was seysed yn to the Kyngis handys, yn which as after 
theire entent the sayde libertees and franchises of the sayde Maier 
and Comminalte shuld be expired and extynt and theyre answere 
not sufficiaunt : Therto the sayde Maier and Comminalte seyn that 
the repplicacon of the sayde Bisshop Dean and Chapitre is not 
sufficient yn la we to exclude ham of theire claym and title of theire 
libertees and franchises yn maner and fourme by tham claymed ; for 
as moche as they surmytten nor generall ne speciall seysyn therof, 
ne non allocucion by Quo Waranto generall ne speciall, ne leye no 
record e in certeyn to conclude hem ; But for more pleyn declaracion 
of theire custumys libertees and franchises they seyn that long tyme 
afore that Eyre, by protestacion that there ys non suche recorde 
as they seyn, atte another Eyer holden atte Excetre anno tercio of 
the sayde Edward the Furst and atte another Eyre holden at 
Excetre anno quarto of the same Kyng, the Maier and Comminalte 
of the sayde Cite that tyme beyng, claymed before the Justise yn 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 127 

Eire at that tyme beyng, to have diverse libertees franchises and 
custumys and also suche libertees franchises and custumys as the 
Citesyns of London at that tyme hadde, whiche Cite of London at 
that tyme hadde all the same libertees franchises and custumys that 
the Maier and Citesyns of the Cite of Excetre yn theire furst 
aunswere and articles claymed to have ; whiche were yn the sayde 
Eyres to them allowed, and after that yn the sayde Eyre by the 
sayde Bysshop aleyed to be holden before Salamon Roof and his 
felawes at Excetre as hit appereth in the sayde repplicacon of the 
sayde Bysshop, the sayde Maier and Citeseyns seyn that they by 
the name of Burgeyses appered atte sayde vtas of Seynt Martyn by 
the sayde Bisshop alleyd byfore the sayde Salamon Roof and his 
felowes, and there appered and claymed all the sayde libertees and 
franchises in the maner and fourme abovesayde. And as touchyng 
the seysen by the sayd Bisshop aleyd of the sayde Cite ynto the 
Kyngs hondes the thirdde yere of Kyng Edward the Thirdde by 
the cause of the sayde Bisshop above aleyd ; the sayde Maier Baillifs 
and Comminalte seyn that the sayde Cite anno quinto of the seyde 
Kyng Edwarde the Thirdd was seysed in to the Kyngis hondys 
salvis Majori et civibits omnibus juribus et libertatibus suis ; wy thoute 
that that hit was that the sayde Cite was seysid into the Kyngis 
hondis anno tercio in maner and fourme as the seyde Bisshop hath 
above aleyd or yn any other tyme before or after ; in whiche cas the 
libertees and franchises of the sayde Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte 
at that tyme of the seyd seysone hadd and before and after were 
abode and contynued still yn theyr persons wy thoute any ynterrupcon 
as they have supposed in theyre furste aunswere. Wherfore the 
sayd Maier Baillifs and Comminalte praith that ayenst the sayde 
Bisshop they may be discharged and dismyssed and use and enjoye 
alle theyre seyde libertees and fraunchises as they have doon byfore. 
And there as the sayd Bysshopp seyth that there as the Mayer 
and Cyteseyns of the sayd Cite that tyme beyng, atte theire sute 
made to the same Kyng Edward, had by hym graunted and con- 
firmed to theym by hys letters patentes whych beth confirmed by 



128 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

owre Soverayn Lord the Kyng that now ys, yn whyche cas after the 
entent of the sayde Bysshop the acceptacion of the sayde letters 
patentes shuld conclude and stoppe the sayde Mayer and Citeseyns 
to claym any other libertees and franchises then ys conteyned yn 
the sayde Letters Patentes ; Therto the sayd Mayre BaillifFs Citeseyns 
seyn that this mater ys nott sufrlciant in lawe to conclude and stoppe 
theym ; bot that they may clayme alle the libertees and franchises 
the whyche they yn theyr furst Articles and answeris have claymed 
And there as the sayd Bysshop alleggeth that atte an Eyer holden 
anno ix Edwardi primi atte Exceter claymed to hold plees wythyrme 
the sayde Cite de vetito namio and none other ; Therto the sayde 
Mayer Baillifs and Comminalte seyn that they claymed to hold plees 
yn the sayde Cite de vetito namio, returnabrevium, extracta finium 
and assise of bred and of ale amonge other libertees and franchises 
as they have claymed above ; wyth oute that that they claymed to 
holde plees de vetito namio only and none other. And also where 
the sayd Bysshop alleggeth that sythen the tyme of mynde when 
any plees or recordes have be broght and removed out of that Court 
ynto the Kyngs Court atte Westminster the titlyng of the sayde plees 
have be made " Exon scilicet Placita tenta ibidem coram Majore et 
Ballivis &c. juxta libertates eisdem Majori et Ballivis concessas," yn 
which cas the sayd Maier Bailiffs and Citesyns sholde clayme to 
have theire libertees and jurisdiccons by force of the Kyngys letters 
patentes and not by prescripcion ; Therto the sayde Mayer BaillifFs 
and Comminalte seyn that they ne thaire predecessours never made 
certificat ne retorne into the Kyngys Court other wyse ne in other 
maner bot accordyng to their title of prescripcion abovesayd other 
accordyng to thaire clayme and title of libertees and franchises by 
the Kyng oure Soverayn Lorde and his progenitours to them 
graunted and confirmed. And there as the sayde Bysshop seyth that 
the sayd Maier BaillifFs and Comminalte ne none of theire predeces- 
sours never hadde used ne enjoyed jurisdiccions libertees franchises 
coreccions and determinacions of ofFensis trespasses dettes contracts 
ne of non other matiers ne accons of affraies done or made ayenst the 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 129 

Kyngs pees ne of none other thyng don by twene parti and parti 
tochyng plee reall or personell wythynne the sayde Cathedrall Churche 
Cimitere and fee of tyme that no mynde ys as they have surmitted yn 
thaire Aunswer; the sayd Mayer Bailliffs and Comminalte seyn that 
they knowe of no suche fee as the sayde Bysshop hath above reherced. 
But they seyn that the Maier and Bailiffs of the sayde Cite and all 
theire predecessours of tyme that no mynde ys ben and have be seysed 
of alle the seyde jurisdiccions libertees fraunchises correccions and 
determinacions of offenses trespasses dettes contractes and other 
matiers accions and affraies don or made ayenst the Kyng's pees and of 
all thyngs don bitwene parti and parti tochyng plee reall or personell 
wythynne the sayd Cathedrall Churche Cimitere and wythynne all 
the tenements of the sayd Bishop, beyng wythynne the sayd Cite, 
yn maner and forme as they have aunswered above; which mater 
they will averre. And as tochyng to that that the sayd Bisshop 
seyth that there as the seyd Maier and Citeseyns seyn that they 
have jurisdiccions libertees and fraunchises as ys aboveseyd as well 
by severarl Letters Paten tes of divers progenitours of oure seid 
Soverayne Lord the Kyng and by hym confermed as fro tyme that 
no mynde ys ; the seyd Bisshop prayth of hyryng of the seyd 
Letters patentes and that they may be shewed for he knowyth none 
suche of recorde ; Thereto the sayd Maier Baillifs and Citeseyns 
seyn yff the Bisshop wyll sey that ther ys none suche recorde, they 
byth redy to averre that ther ys suche recorde, so that they have 
day tyme and place resonable to bryng hit forth. And as to that 
that the seyd Bisshop Dean and Chapitre seyn that the seyd Cathe- 
drall Churche and Cimitere ben no parcell of the sayd Cite, but out 
of tyme that no mynd is have be dystincte and separate fro the same 
as hit shall be proved by mater of recoixl; the- sayd Maier Bailliffs 
and Comminalte seyn ther ys no suche recorde as th[ey surmetten] 
but they seyn they will averre by recorde and otherwyse that hit 
is and at all tymes hath ben parcell yn and of the [same Citye]. 

II. Item as to the seconde repplicacion of the seide Bisshop to 

CAMD. SOC. S 



130 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, 

the seconde answer of the seide Maier Baillifs and Comminalte ; 
the seide Maier Baillifs and Comminalte seyn that their answer is not 
sufficiantly repplied to with that they will averre all thyngs con- 
teyned yn theire seide answere, and pray yow that of the seide 
Article they be utterly descharged and dismyssed. 

III. Item as to the iii e Article they seyn that the seyde assessours 
ne have otherwyse assessed the tenauntis of the seide Bysshope ne 
yn none other maner then ever hit hath be at alle tymes used and 
accustomed and accordyng to the afferant of the charge for the 
tyme beynge and accordyng to their Answer abovesaide. 

IV. V. Item as to the repplicacion of the iiii e and the v e 
Answeris of the seide Maier Baillifs and Comminalte, they seyn that 
their Answeris beth gode and sufficiant yn lawe, the whiche they 
beth redy to averre and to prove sufficiantly that the seide Cathe- 
drall Churche and Cimitere ben yn and of the seide Cite and 
withy nne their liberte franchise jurisdiccion and power yn maner 
and fourme as yn their Answer more pleynly ys conteyned. 

VI. Item as to the vi. repplicacion of the seide Bisshop Dean 
and Chapiter, the saide Maier Baillifs and Comminalte seyn like as 
they seyde yn their answer above that they understonde not that 
they bith bounde oghte by lawe to the seide Article to answer as 
they have abovesaide, withoute they wer made party to the same. 
And as therto as hit is supposed that the seide John Hulle tyme of 
the pollutyng surmetted was Maier of the seide Cite and divers of 
the officers and of the Comminalte ther helpyng assistyng and 
supportynge hym yn the saide affray yn which cas hit shold be 
the part of the seide Maier and Comminalte therto to answer : 
they seyn by protestacion they know no suche affray ; but for as 
myche as they surmette not the saide affray to be don by the seide 
Maier and Comminalte nor by their commandement but by synguler 
persons; yn which cas they aughte not by lawe therto to answer; 



ANSWERS, REPLICATIONS, AND REJOINDERS. 131 

they pray yow that therof they may be discharged. And as for the 
violent shedyng of blode and pollutyng of the Churche of one 
John Pawton, they seyn that therto they have yeve sufficiant 
answer, the whiche they will averre. But for more pleyn declara- 
cion the cause and the grounde of shedyng of the seide blode more 
pleynly apperetli yn an answer by the seide Maier and Comminalte 
ayenst the seide Bisshop Dean and Chapiter surmetted afore yow 
putte. The whiche yet by tham abideth unanswered. 

VII. Item as to the vii. repplicacion the seide Maier Baillifs and 
Comminalte seyn that they have sufficiantly answered therto, as they 
understonde, and made sufficiant justificacion of the wrong by them 
supposed, the which they beth and at alle tymes will be redy to 
averre. And as touchyng the graunte by cure Soveryn lorde by 
his 'letters patents late to them made, they seyn that the seide 
letters patents after their entent bith voide and of none effecte yn 
lawe consideryng their answer therto made and also their compleynt 
ayenst the seide Bisshop Dean and Chapiter, by the whiche the 
right title and clayme of the seide Maier and Comminalte pleynly 
appereth: ayenst whiche right title and clayme the seide nywe 
letters patents be direct contrary; wherfor they byseke yow this 
premissis considered that of their compleyntis they be discharged 
and that they may pesibilly enjoye use and have their custumes 
libertees and franchises as their predecessours have done before 
ham. 

VIII. And as to the viii. repplicacion of the seide Bisshop 
Dean and Chapitre, they seyn that alle the mater conteyned yn their 
viii. Answere to their compleyntis is gode and true, the whiche they 
beth redy to averre. And as touchyng the grete consideracon after 
their entent of the lementable injuries that they suffren by mene of 
som of their unkynde children, and also wilfulness of certyn persons 
of the seide Cite, and also yn eschewyng of menyfolde yncon- 
venyencis, they desiren hasty remedy of the seide strife ; and also 



132 ARTICLES OF COMPLAINT, ETC. 

how by divers membres of the seide Mayer and. Comminaltees 
answers they fayne and coloure their answer with sotelnesse yn 
desiryng of lenger delay ; therto the seyde Mayer and Commi- 
nalte seyn that the seide consideracons excepte oon touchyn certyn 
persons of the seide Comminalte covertely and sotelly yn maner 
and fourme of disclaunder ; the which longeth not to gode faderhode 
ne to priesthode to do, the whiche yf tham luste to declare so hit 
touche the seide Maier and Comminalte they ben redy therto to 
answere. And as touchyng that poynt that the seide Maier and 
Comminalte sholde fayne and coloure their answer with sotelnesse 
yn desiryng of lenger delay, they remytte tham to your grete wyse- 
domes and to their answeris repplicacons and articlis, lowly and 
mekely desiryng yow, oure lorde Chaunceller, and yow oure other 
lordis the premisses to consider and how alle the lementable injuries 
sotelnesse wilfulnesse debate and strif commenseth and begyneth 
yn their part and not yn the part of the seide Maier and Commi- 
nalte, and so to ende the mater after their compleynts herde and as 
far as gode feith right and true consience wyll and requiren, or ellis 
to remytte hem to the comyn lawe, the right there be tried and 
determyned. And y John Shillynford nowe beynge Mayer of the 
Cite of Excetre byseke yow yn the lowlokyst wyse that for as myche 
as the seyde Bysshop Dean and Chapiter have noysed by their 
writynge not pleynly declared of divers thingis as hit appereth yn 
the seide writyng and of divers other thyngis yn coverte wyse as 
hit is to suppose, that hit like yow so to rule the seide Bysshop 
Dean and Chapitre that they yn pleyn wyse nude and open may put 
yn yn wrytyng alle thyngs the whiche they fele ham greved of, so 
that the seide John Shillyngforde may have thereto an answer, the 
which he trusteth to God he wyll spedely answer to the plesance 
of yow and his pleyn excuse and declaracon. 



APPENDIX. 



XXXVI. 

THE MAYOR AND CITIZENS OF EXETER TO THE KING. 

Petition praying for the withdrawal of a Privy Seal by which the matters in dispute 
between the Bishop and the Dean and Chapter of Exeter and the Mayor and Citizens 
are ordered to be removed out of common law and put to the arbitration of the Lord 
Chancellor and two Justices.* 

To the King our soveraigne lord, 

Besechen most mekely your humble lieges the Maier and Citezenis of 
your auncien Citee of Excetre, the wich they hold of yow for a fee ferme 
to them right chargeable, that where it liked your highnesse by the suyt 
of the reverent fader in God Emond Bysshopp [of] Excestre and the 
Dean and Chapitre of the same to addresse your letters [of privy seal] unto 
your seid Maire and Comminalte of yo r Citee aforseid commaunding them 
upon be peyn of m*. ti. and upon their liegeaunce [to come and appere] 
afore your Chaunceller of Englond and certein of your Jugges by him to be 
assigned the xx th day of Juyn last past [and to bringe] wHhem ther Chartres 
and evidences consernyng her libertees and Fraunchises and to obey such 
reule and ordenaunce as shall be sette by your seid Chaunceller and 
Jugges bitwene the seid Bisshop Deane and Chapitre and your seid 
besechers ; the goyng out of the which prevee seall is ageinst the forme 
and ordre of your lawe of this your noble Reaume ; in the which every 
yo r trew liegeman in this your same Reaume is enherited. Please it your 

a The date of this petition is about July 1447, for in Bishop Lacy's Register under 
date Chudleigh, 18 May, in that year, we find the appointment of William Byconyll, LL.D. 
Walter Collis the precentor, John Druell archdeacon of Exeter, John Rowe the sub- 
deacon, Roger Keys canon of Exeter, Sir John Wolston chaplain, John More, John 
Wode, and Thomas Maynour, Attornies and Proctors for the Bishop and the Dean and 
Chapter, to appear before the Lord Chancellor and the two Chief Justices. They are also 
granted a power to produce charters and muniments. [Lacy's Register, ff. 286 b , 287.] 

CAMD. SOC. T 



134 APPENDIX. 

highnesse of your grete right wisnesse and speciall grace tendrely to have 
in rightfull favo r your seid Cite Mayer and Citezeyns, Forasmuch as a it 
is ordeigned by the statute made in Magna Carta of the libertees and 
franchises of Englond )>at no man shuld bee disseised ne put out of his 
free hold ne ]?e King upon him shuld goo, neither him shuld vex ne in no 
manere him shall take ne enpreson but by lawfull juggement and by lawe 
of the lond, neither the King shuld deferre ne deny right or justyce 
And over )>at it is ordeigned by a statute in the tyme of your noble pro- 
genitor King E. the III de in the XLII yere of his reigne for the gode 
governaunce of the commune that no man shuld be putte to answere 
before the King or his Counseill w^ut presentment before Justice or matier 
of record or due processe and writte originall after the auncien lawe of 
this your seid reaume. And yf eny thing be doen the contrary that it 
shall be hold for nought. b And forasmuch as your seid suppliantz ben 
vexed and put to trouble by colour of the seid preve seall ageinst your 
lawe and ageinst ]>e seid ordenaunce to adresse your honorablez letters 
under your signet un to your seid Chaunceller commaunding him that ne 
no wise he hold afore him no mannere matier by force of the seid preve 
seall ageinst yo r seid suppliantz, and J>t he for that cause dymysse 
hem. And yf eny man have cause to compleyne ageinsit hem ]>at )>ei )>t 
such cause have sue the commune [lawe] ageinst hem, and thei as yo r 
most obeisantz lieges in your commune lawe will answere hem w*out 
delay. And to graunt un to the seid Maier and Citezens of yo r seid 
grace yf eny such preve seall or other such your high commaundement 
ageinst the lawe of this yo r seid noble Eeaume to hem be directed that 
for the nonnobeisaunce therof thei be putte in no vexacon hurt trouble ne 
losse in no manere wise. And this atte hone r of God and in wey of 
cheritee. And thei yo r humble lieges w l all her triew entent shall pray 
evermore to God for your high estate. 

* Cite to as] originally " Mayer and Citizens considering the grete and huge charges 
that thei here yerely to you for the seid Citee and have doen unto your noble progenito r s 
afore this tyme, and howe." 

b And to the end~\ altered in MS. as follows : Where for most soveraynge lord please 
yn Right wiseness that yo r said besechers as for yo r said preve seall be utterly discharged 
and dismyssed and rueled and demened after the cours of yo r Comen law and accordyng 
to yo r Statutes aforesaid yn the wurshup of God and way of Cheryte and they will pray 
to God for yow. 



APPENDIX. 135 

Indorsed: The supplication unto the Kinge to call yn his com- 
niaundement that the mayer shall come to an arbitrament. 

A supplycacon to the Kyng for the callinge of his pry vie seall graunted 
agaynst the Lawe. 



XXXVII. 

BOND FROM THE BlSHOP AND THE DEAN AND CHAPTER TO STAND TO THE 
AWARD OF THE CHANCELLOR AND TWO CHIEF JUSTICES. 

8 August, 25 Henry VI. A.D. 1447. 

Noverint universi nos Edmundum Exoniensem Episcopum ac Decanum 
et Capitulum ecclesie Cathedralis beati Petri Exonie teneri et per presentes 
firaiiter obligari Majori et communitati civitatis Exonie antedicte in 
quingentis libris bone et legalis monete Anglie ; solvendis eisdem Majori 
et Communitati vel successoribus suis aut eorum certo attornato in festo 
Sancti Michaelis Archiangeli proximo future post datum presentium. Ad 
quam quidem solutionem bene et fideliter faciendam obligamus nos et 
successores nostros per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium tarn nos 
predictus Episcopus sigillum nostrum quam nos predicti Decanus et 
capitulum sigillum nostrum commune presentibus apposuimus. Datum 
octavo die Augusti anno regni Regis Henrici sexti vicesimo quinto. 

Condicio suprascripte obligationis talis est quod si supraobligati Epis- 
copus et successores sui ac Decanus et Capitulum ecclesie cathedralis et 
successores sui steterint judicio ordinationi et arbitrio Reverendissimi in 
Christo patris et domini Domini Johannis permissione divina Can- 
tuariensis Archiepiscopi Cancellarii Anglie, Johannis Fortescu Militis 
Capitalis Justiciarii Domini Regis ad placita coram ipso Rege tenenda, 
et Ricardi Newton Militis Capitalis Justiciarii Domini Regis de com- 
muni Banco, arbitrator um indifferenter electorum de et super jure titulo 
et possessione omnium et omnimodorum libertatum franchesiarum privi- 
legioruin et jurisdictionum cum omnibus et omnimodis eisdem libertatibus 
franchesiis privileges et jurisdictionibus aliquo modo pertinentibus ; 
necnon de et super omnimodis actionibus litibus querelis debatis et 
demandis inter predictos Episcopum Decanum et Capitulum et prefatoe 



136 



APPENDIX. 



Majorem et communitatem ac Ballivos Civitatis predicte necnon inter 
prefatum Episcopum et dictos Majorem Ballivos et Communitatem ac 
inter prefatos Decanum et Capitulum et predictos Majorem Ballivos et 
Communitatem habitis motis sive pendentibus ante datum supradictum. 
Et si duo vel tres predictorum Episcopi Decani et Capituli ut procuratores 
sive attornati eorundem Episcopi Decani et Capituli ad ministrandum 
causas et materias de et super premissis personaliter compareant coram 
prefatis arbitratoribus in quindena Sancti Michaelis Archiangeli proximo 
futura post datum supradictum, et si iidem Episcopus et successores 
sui ac Decanus et Capitulum ecclesie eathedralis predicte et successores 
sui dicta judici um ordinationem et arbitrium ex parte sua bene et fideliter 
perimpleverint ac omnia in conditione ista specificata fideliter observave- 
rint, quod extunc predicta obligatio pro nullo habeatur; alioquin in suo 
robore permaneat et eflectu. Proviso semper quod dicta ordinatio arbi- 
trium et judicium per prefatos arbitrators de et super premissis facienda 
fiant et reddantur in scriptis indentatis sigillis ipsorum arbitratorum 
sigillatis et partibus predictis separatim liberatis citra festum Natalis 
Domini proximo futurum post datum supradictum. 

Attached are the fragments of the seals of the Bishop and the Dean and 
Chapter. 



XXXVIII. 

THE FINAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE BISHOP, DEAN AND CHAPTER, AND 
THE MAYOR, BAILLIFS, AND COMMONALTY. 

12 Dec. 27 Henry VI. A.D. 1448. 

This Endenture made bytwene Edmund Lacy Bysshop of Exceter and 
the Dene and Chapitre of the Cathedrall Churche of Synt Petyr of 
Exceter of the one partie, and the Maier and the Comonaltie of the 
Citie of Exceter of the other partie Witnessith that where dyvers debates 
contraversies and discordes moved and hadde bytwyne the parties above 
sayd the same parties the xii. day of the moneth Decembre the xxvii. 
yere of the raynyg of Kynge Harry the Sixte by mene and mediation of 
Thomas Courtney Erie of Devonshire and of S r William Bonvile knight 
buth agreed and accordyd of all the sayd debatis contraversies and dis- 
cordes yn the forme folwynge : 



APPENDIX. 137 

Fyrst that where the seide Bysshop hath sued and sueth a writte of 
trespasse upon his case yn the Kynges Courte before his Justices of the 
cornyn benche ayens the seide Maior and Comonaltee, ther buth plees 
pleded and a issue joyned bytwyne the seide Bysshop Maier and Como- 
nalte and theruppon a nisi prius is graunted to be tryed and take at 
Barnestaple in the shire of Devonshire the Mundaye next after the feste 
of Synte Lucie the Virgyne next cominge before S r Eichard Neuton 
Knight and Nicholas Ayssheton the Kynges Justices or one of them, 
as it appereth more pleynely of recorde yn the seide Courte ; the seide 
parties buth accorded that the seide issue shall be tryed by there comyn 
assent for the parte of the seide Bysshop and his entent, and ther- 
uppon jugement to be yeve in the seide Courte for the same parte and 
intent without any disturbaunce and lettynge of the seide Mayer and 
Cominalte or of theire successours. And forthwith the damages yn the 
seide sute to be recoveryd shall be relessed by the seide Bysshop. 

Also the seide Bysshop and his successours shall rejoice and have to 
them and theire successours for ever more their lordshipp and fee yn the 
seide Citee and suburbes of the same called Bysshoppes fee, other wyse 
called Seynt Stevenes ffee, whereof the seide Cathedrall Church and 
Churcheyurde of the same buth and have be parcell. And Courte 
Baroun letes and vewes of frankeplege with yn the seide ffee of al thynges 
doun and to be doe there w*yn, dystyncte and separate fro the juris- 
diction and libertee of the seide Citee, w^ute any disturbance and lettynge 
of the seide maier and commonalte and bailyfs and coroners of the seide 
Citee and theire successours by the cornmowndment of the seide maier and 
theire successours. And that the seide maier and commonalte bailes and 
Coroners of the seide citee and their successours by commawndment of the 
seide maier and commonalte or theire successours shall make no somnes 
attachementes distresses arestes nor capies w*yn the seide fee churche and 
churcheyurde parcell of the seide fee nor none jurisdiction ne interesse there 
have except certayn hye waies and stretes as hit foloweth hereafter write. 
Also the seide Bysshop nor none of his successours nor none of theire niynes- 
ters of their Courtes foresaide by commawndement of the seide Bysshop or 
his successours shall never hereafter by presses or cause of the same Courtes 
to doe somne attache nor areste w*yn the seide churche or churcheyurde 
any persone of the seide Citee nor of the suburbes longynge to the juris- 



138 APPENDIX. 

diction of the seide Citee nor any jurisdiction yn the seide churche and 
church eyurde have apon theym, save sprytuel jurisdiction of any thynge 
doe or to be do w*yn the seide churche or churcheyurde or fee foreseide. 

Also the seide Maier and Commonaltee Bailyfs and their successours 
shall have power for ever more to make somnes attachementes and arestes 
yn the hie wayes and stretes w'oute the olde bowndes of the seide churche- 
yurde withyn the seide fee, except the waies and stretes w*yn the seide 
churche and churcheyurde beinge w*yn the olde bounds of the seide 
churcheyurde of alle persons theire godes and catelles; except the seide 
Bysshop Deane and Chapitre and theire successours and alle the mynes- 
tres of the seide churche and theire successours and theire famyliar ser- 
vantes and of every of theym and alle tenantes of the seide Bysshop 
and of his successours of the seide fee and theire godes and catelles for 
evermore. 

Also the tenauntes of the seide Bysshop and of his successours of the 
seide fee dwellynge withyn the walles of the seide Citee shall yn resonable 
maner and yn resonable tyme by resonable warnynge made by the 
mynesters of the seide Mayer and comminalte and of their successours to 
the baily of the seide Bysshop and of his successours of the seide fee, in 
dywe tyme shal keepe theire nyghte wacche of the seide Citee for theire 
torne w 1 other citizeins of the seide Citee upon payne of loste of iiii d. to 
be payd to the seide Maier and Comminaltee at every tyme that they be 
yn defaute to be made levy of goods and catelles of any of the seide 
tennauntes founde w*hout the seide fee w th yn the libertee of the seide 
Citee w th oute any lettynge or disturbaunce of the seide Bysshop Deane 
and Chapiter and of theire successors. Except the seide Dene and 
Chapiter and the mynesters of the seide Churche and theire successours. 

Also the tennauntes of the seide Bysshop and his successours of the 
seide fee shall paye dymes and kynges silver and other taxes to thekinge 
at al tymes to be graunted to the kyng and his heires and successours, 
and murage of the seide Citee resonably w th the citizeins of the seide 
Citee. And that the baily of the seide Bysshop and of his successours 
of the seide fee for the tyme beinge be resonably warned by the mynisters 
of the seide Maier and Comminaltee and of theire successours for to warne 
the seide tenaunts to be attc the settynge thereof and to be admytted to 
have theire voice theretoe as the seide citizeins shall have. And that the 



APPENDIX. 139 

money or taxe so sette apon the saide tenaunts be reryd and levyed by 
the seide baily of the seide fee and payde to the mynesters of the seide 
citee assigned by the seide Maier and his successours to resceve hit or to 
other comyscyoners &c. 

Also that alle Charters late made and graunted to the seide Bysshop 
and his successours of any jurisdiction or jurisdictions to be hadde w th yn 
the seide churche symytery fee or close of the same by the kinge that 
nowe is of any action real personall and myxte apon any person or per- 
sons shall be atte the sute of the seide Bysshop or his successors revoked 
cancelyd and adnulled by fore Easter day nexte comynge. 

Also the said Bysshop Deane and Chapter nor none of hir successours 
by their comaundmente nor the seide Mayer and comminaltee and 
bailes and coroners by the commowndment of the seide maier and com- 
minaltee nor none of their successours shal never hereafter purchase have 
occupie nor use any jurisdiction w th yn the seide fee church and churche - 
yurde by reason of any charter or charters or graunte or any other cause 
hereafter to be made or hadde by the Kinge his heirs or successours ne 
by graunte of Parliament ne by cause of anye grauntes byfore this tyme 
hadde by the Kynge that nowe ys. 

Also the seide Bysshop Dene and chapiter nor theire successours by 
theym ne by other shal not lett nor disturbe the seide Maier Bayles and 
Commonaltee nor theire successours to have and purchace newe charters 
and grauntes for to have more jurisdiction libertee and frauncheses w th yn 
the libertee of the seide Citee oute of the seide fee churche and churche- 
yurd parcell of the same. 

Also the seide Maier Bailes and their successours and servants for the 
tyme beynge of the seide Citee alle tyme cominge perpetuall shall bere 
theire mase and mases w th yn the seide Church Cimitery fee and close 
w th out lettynge or disturbaunce or contradiction of the seide Bysshop 
Dene and Chapiter or any of theire successours or any of theire mynesters 
or officers by the commowndment of the seide Bisshop Dene and Chapiter 
or their successours. 

Alway foreseyne that the seide Maier Baylifs and their successours here- 
after never w th yn the seide fee churche and churchyurde parcell of the same 
fee clayme use nor have any maner jurisdiction authoritee or power other 
than is conteyned yn the olde composicions byfore this tyme betwene the 
seide parties y-made. 



140 APPENDIX. 

Also the seide Maier Baylifs and Comminaltee ne their successours 
nor none of them shall never sue any commyscyon nor no thinge by 
anctoritee of parliament nor ne nother graunte for any auctoritee or power 
to be hadde to make any arestes w th yn the seide Citee or attachementes or 
capias or w th yn any place by the whiche the auctoritee of the justices of 
peas of the. seide shire nowe beynge or tyme to comynge shall be may be 
lette or herte. 

Also if any difficultee beyn any article abovesayde that hit be reformyd 
after the trewe entent of the same by the avyse of councell of the seide 
both parties the substance thereof not chaungyd. And yn case that the 
Councell of the seide parties maye not accorde apon the premisses that 
then this wrytynge and appuyntementes after the true entent to be kept 
and fulfylled. In witnesse of all the premisses to the one partie of this 
endenture remaynynge to the seide Maier and Cominaltee the seide 
Bysshop Dene and Chapiter have putte theire seles and to the other partie 
of the same endenture remanynge towarde the seide Bysshop Dene and 
Chapiter the seide Maier and Cominalte have sette their common sele. 
Seal of (L.S.) the Bishop. Seal of (L.S.) the Dean and Chapter. 



XXXIX. 

THE BOND TO PERFORM THE COVENANTS OF THE FOREGOING DEED. 

Noverint universi per presentes nos Edmundum Exoniensem Episco- 
pum ac Decanum et Capitulum ecclesie Cathedralis beati Petri Exonie 
teneri et firmiter obligari Majori et Communitati civitatis Exonie et 
eorum successoribus in duobus millibus librarum sterlingorum bone et 
legalis monete Anglie solvendis eisdem Majori et Communitati vel eorum 
successoribus ad festum Pasche proximo futurum post datum presen- 
tium. Ad quam quidem solutionem bene.et fideliter faciendam obligamus 
nos et utrumque nostrum per se pro toto et in solidum et successores 
nostros per presentes. In cujus rei testimonium tarn nos predictus Epis- 
copus sigillum nostrum quam nos predicti Decanus et Capitulum sigillum 
nostrum commune presentibus apposuimus. Datum duodecimo die 
Decembris anno regni regis Henrici sexti post conquestum vicesimo 
septimo. 



APPENDIX. 141 

Conditio istius obligationis tails est quod si supra obligatns episcopus 
et successores sui ac predict! Decanus et capitulura et successores sui ex 
parte sua teneant et perimpleant omnia et singula convenciones articulos 
et appunctuamenta inter ipsos Episcopum Decanum et Capitulum ac 
prefatos Majorem et Communitatein in quibusdem indenturis inter eosdem 
Episcopum Decanum et Capitulum. ex parte una ac suprascriptos Majorem 
et Communitatem ex parte altera factis et contingentibus quod extunc 
presens obligatio pro nullo habeatur ; alioquin in suis robore permaneat 
et effectu. 



PETITION OF SHILLINGFORD TO THE CHANCELLOR FOR AID TOWARDS THE 
REPAIRING OF EXBRIDGE. 

To the most Reverend fader in God John, Cardynall of Engelond and Archebisshop of 

Yeork. 

Bysekyth yow full mekely John Shillyngford Maier of the Cite of 
Excetre yn name of hym self and all the hole Comminalte of the seid 
Cite as well as of all puple of the grete part of Engelond havyng con- 
cours and way over the most perillous watter yn tyme of eere y called 
Exe by a brigge there y called Exbrigge ajoynant to the seid Cite, where 
of longe tyme and withynne tyme of mynde was nother brigge ne way 
bot by right a perillous fery bote ; by the whiche fery as hit is seid and 
like that of olde tyme puple were yn grete perill and meny perisshed 
and lost. Wherfor oon Walter Gervys, some tyme Maier and Citeseyn 
of the same Cite, and a notable man of Gode, with other helpe of almes- 
dede of the seid Cite as well as of the contrey there aboute as of the 
grete part of Engelond evyng almesdede therto the some of x m*. ti. 
and more as hit is supposed and appereth by the werk of the same, toke 
apon hym to make, and so was made a new brigge, where was none be 
fore. Whiche brigge is of the lengthe or negh by and of the same 
mason werk as London brigge housyng apon excepte, and by the seid 
Maier and Comminalte at theire grete yerly coste kepte susteyned repaired 
and amended ; the whiche, and new makyng, they may noo lenger endure 
and bere. Wherfor grete part of the seid brigge by dyvers tymes hath 
fallen adown and made up ayen with tymber as now is, and ofte tymes 
CAMD. SOC. U 



142 APPENDIX. 

with grete waters fallen adown ayen : by the whiche perillous waters and 
so fallyng adown of the brigge puple have be yn grete perill and meny 
and dyvers lost and ded, and withoute better remedy meny moe like and 
all the brigge to falle adown and a fery bote to be as of olde tyme grete 
perill and charge to alle puple, cause of withdrawyng of repaire of puple 
and vitaill and moche desolacion of the seid cite. Whiche alle God 
defende. The whiche brigge openly is knowen the grettest costlew werk 
and most of almesdede to helpe hit yn all the west part of Engelond and 
will not be new made and amended withoute helpe of grete almesdede 
as hit was atte begynnyng of makyng of the same brigge aboveseide. 
Wherfor bysekyng yow my lord cardynall most specially and yow alle 
oure worthy maisters executo r s to my lord Cardynall of Wynchestre that 
late died, of whas sowle God have pity and mercy, to considre this bulle 
and to be begynners of yevers of almesdede to the seid brigge, whiche 
trustynge to God shall be cause of moche more gode yevyng makyng and 
rep airy nge of the said brigge thogh hit coste ij. nrK ii. as hit is like 
and that besekyng yow for the love of God yn way of charite and almes- 
dede for the seid sowle of my lorde cardynall aboveseid. 



XLL 

Extract from the Mayor's Court Roll, 2324 Henry VI., m. 21, respecting 
Shillingford's election as Mayor. 

Not a pro Recordo. Ad hanc diem scilicet diem Lime proximam post 
festum Sancti Valentini Martyris (18 Feb. 14445) anno regni Regis 
Henrici sexti vicesimo tertio apud Exoniam in Gihaldam ad horam secun- 
dam post meridiem Johannes Shillyngford qui alias hie ic- die Lune prox- 
ima post festum Sancti Michaelis Archiangeli anno regni predict! Domini 
Regis snpradicto in Majorem Civitatis Exonie secnndum consuetudinem 
7C. electus fuit, modo per mandatum Domini Regis de private sigillo suo 
sub pena mille librarum eidem Johanni eo quod idem Johannes officium 
Majoratus Civitatis predicte a die electionis predicte usque in hunc diem 
assumere recusavit ea occasione commissum in se benigne modo assumat 
et cum magna solempnitate juratus est. Et renianet secundum consue- 
tudinem j,c- 



APPENDIX. 143 

XLII. 

EXTRACTS FROM THE ACCOUNTS OF THE RECEIVERS OF THE CITY OF 

EXETER RELATING TO THE SUIT. 
2223 Henry VI. to 2728 Henry VI. A.D. 14431449. 

Receiver's account, 2223 Henry VI. Michaelmas 1443 to Michael- 
mas 1444. 

Hugh Germyn, Mayor. 
Will. Crymell, Receiver. 
John Forde, Clerk. 
Hen. Broke, Attorney. 

Expenses forinsecce. Item solutis Willelmo Fox ad equitandum versus 
Londoniam ad interloquendum cum consilio civitatis pro qnadam actione 
quam decanus et capitulum ecclesias Cathedralis Sancti Petri arrainaverunt 
versus Johannem Cousham pro recognitione inde habenda xiij s. iiij d. 
Item solutis Johannis Coteler pro vino niisso Nicholao Radford pro 
eadem materia xij d. Item solutis Willelmo Fox equitanti versus 
London pro quadam litera portanda capitali Justiciario Domini Regis pro 
diversis negociis civitatis xvj s. viij d. 

Item solutis Nicholao Radeforde pro pabulo equorum ejusdem Nicholai Mar. 13, 
die martis post festum Sancti Gregorii Pape existentis apud Exoniam pro 
materia inter Dominum Episcopum Exoniam et Majorem et communita- 
tem pacificanda xl d. Item in uno juntaculo dato eidem Nicholao et 
servientibus suis eodem tempore xx d. Item datis clerico ejusdem 
Nicholai eodem tempore iiij d. Item datis Henrico Trethyn equitanti 
versus Nicholaum Radeforde pro negociis civitatis cum locacione unius 
equi viij d. Item datis Johanni Coteler pro labore suo equitanti versus 
dominum Episcopum Exoniam pro quodam debato inter dominum Epis- 
copum et Majorem et Communitatem pacificando xij d. 

Receiver's account, 23 24 Hen. VI. Michaelmas 1444 to Michael- 

mas 1445. 

John Shillingford, Mayor. 
John Beaufitz, Receiver. 
John Forde, Clerk. 
Hen. Broke, Attorney. 



144 APPENDIX. 

Item in j quarterio vini de Malmesyn super Majori et sociis ejus xxj 

Nov. 21, 1444. die Novembris in Gihalda existentibus pro negociis civitatis iiij d. a Item 

in uno quarterio vini de Malmesyn uxori ejusdem Kecordatoris eodem 

tempore iiij d. Item in una lagena vini data Recordatori in crastino 

Dec. 9, 1444. concepcionis beate Marie viij d. Item soluto pro vino videlicet ij lagenis 

vini datis Majori Johanni Shillingford et sociis suis existentibus apud 

Feb. 18, Gihaldam pro negociis civitatis xviij die Februarii xvj d. Item in uno 
potello vini de Malmesyn rnisso Majori et sociis suis existentibus in 

Feb. 21, Gihalda pro negociis civitatis xxj die Februarii viij d. Item in pissibus 
emptis et missis Nicholao Radford xviij die Februarii iij s. vj d. Item in 

1444 5 J panyer pro dictis pissibus inde cariandis j d. Item in uno potello vini 
de Malmesyn dato uxori Nicholai Radford eodem tempore viij d. Item in 
ij lagena j quarte et j pynte vini rubei et albi missis eidem Nicholao 
eodem tempore xix d. Item in vj panbius canonicis missis eidem Nicholao 
eodem tempore vj d. Item in vino dato Majori et sociis suis ac Recorda- 
tori eodem tempore in domo Majoris viij d. Item solutis uno homini ad 
portandum retornum cujusdam brevis versus Londoniam missum Majori 
et Ballivis Exonie, xx d, 

In pede. Postea oneratur de xxs. receptis de Nicholao Draell pro 
expensis suis versus Londoniam pro negociis civitatis. Et sic debet 
vj li. xv s. x d. Inde allocatur eidem xxiij s. iiij d. in plenam solucionem 
omnium expensarum suarum equitando versus Londoniam pro negociis 
civitatis. 



Receiver's account, 2425 Hen. VI. Michaelmas 1445 to Michael- 
mas 1446. 

John Hull, Mayor. 
John Clerke, Receiver. 
John Forde, Clerk. 
Hen. Broke, Attorney. 
Nicholas Radford, Recorder. 

Nov. 8, 1445. Dona et exennia. In primis in ij lagenis vini missis Willielmo Bone- 
vyll chivaler octavo die Novembris apud Exoniain xvj d. sic pro lagena 

This item is erased, MS. 



APPENDIX. 145 

viij d. Item in j lagena et j potello vini missis Major! et sociis suis 
existentibus in Gilhalda pro negocio civitatis eodem die xij d. Item in 
focale empto pro eisdem Majore et sociis suis eodem tempore ij d. Item 
solutis Willielmo Beffe pro bono concilio suo habenda in quodam debate 
inter Dominion Exoniensem Episcopum et Majorem et coinmunitatem 
Exon. xx s. Item solutis Nicholao Badford ultra vadium pro bono 
consilio suo habendo inter dominum Exoniensem Episcopum et Majorem 
et communitatem Exon. xiij s. iiij d. Item solutis Nicholao Broghton 
Vicecomite Devon, pro amicitia sua habenda inter debatum inter 
Dominum Exoniensem Episcopum et Majorem et communitatem Exon. 
xx s. Item in solutis Thome Heyt receptori brevium Domini Regis in ; 
comitatu Devon, pro amicitia sua habenda pro debato predicto vj s. viij d. i 
Item solutis quinque generosis, videlicet Stephano Giffard, Johanni Gay- 
leway, Henrico Drwe, Johanni Byry, et Ricardo Forscue pro amicitia 
sua habenda pro debato predicto, cuilibet eorum vj s. viij d., xxxiij s. iiij d. 

Item solutis Nicholao Radforde ultra pensionem suam pro consilio suo 
habendo alia vice pro debato inter Dominum Episcopum et Majorem et 
Communitatem xiij s. iiij d. 

Expense forinsece. Item in uno equo locate pro uno homine equitante j an . 3, 
versus Alexandrum Hody pro negotio Civitatis iij die Januarii et in 1445-6. 
expensis ejusdem hominis medio tempore iij. s. Item in expensis Recep- 
toris equitantis versus Londoniam ad scrutandum in Scaccario Domini 
Regis utrum feodum Episcopi sit guldabile cum civitate necne x s. Item 
dato clericis ejusdem Scaccarii de rewardo pro eodem scrutinio faciendo Feb. 12, 
xl d. Item soluto Johanni Germyn in crastino cinerum ad reddendum 445-6. 
Johanni Shillyngford pro expensis suis apud London pro negofio civitatis 
v. marcas. Item soluto Johanni Germyn pro expensis Majoris et soci- 
orum apud Teverton xlvij s. Item soluto Edwardo Thryng equitanti versus 
Recordatorem cum copia carte Domini Episcopi xx d. Item in uno equo 
locato pro clerico equitante versus Recordatorem apud Crediton cum 
Johanne Shellyngford et Johanne Germyn iiij d. In expensis eorundem 
udtunc ibidem viij d. 

In pede. Et (allocantur) eidem x s. solutis Hugoni Lucays pro 
expensis suis versus Londoniam et ibidem et domorsum pro negotio 
civitatis et eidem vj s. viij d. solutos Nicholao Radeford pro consilio suo 
habendo pro civitate existenti apud Exoniam. 



146 APPENDIX. 

Receiver's account, 2526 Henry VI. Michaelmas 1446 to Michael- 
mas 1447. 

John Shillingford, Mayor. 
John Germyn, Receiver. 
Will. Speir, Clerk. 
Henry Broke, Attorney. 

Dona et exhennia. a ltem in vij piscibus vocatis congre missis Domino 
Cancellario Anglie "xvij s. vj d. Item in iiij c de Bokhorn missis eidem 
Cancellario eodern tempore pretii le c. v s. xx s. Item in iiij or piscibus 
vocatis Crabbis missis eidem Cancellario eodem tempore ij s. viij d. Item 
in cariagio eorundem piscium de Exonia versus Londoniam viij s. Item 
in j gentaculo piscium dato Nicholao Radeford, Willelmo Befe, Johanni 
Dowryssh et aliis apud Exoniam una vice, communicantibus et laboranti- 
bus pro materia inter Dominum Episcopum et Majorem et communitatem, 
kug. 23, 1447. videlicet in vigilia Sancti Bartholomei Apostoli ij s. iiij d. Item in 
piscibus recentibus datis eisdem pro alio jantaculo, communicantibus de 
\.ug. 26, 1447. materia predicta die Sabbati proximo sequente ij s. ij d. Item in ij 
lagenis vini datis Majori et sociis suis et consilio civitatis die Jo vis 
Mar. 23, proxima ante festum annunciationis beate Marie Virginis ad superviden- 
1446-7. (j um articulos Domini Episcopi factos erga Majorem et communitatem in 
Gilhalda ibidem xij d. Item in pane dato eisdem eodem tempore ij d. 
Item in ij lagenis vini missis Majori et consilio civitatis alia vice in Gil- 
halda laborantibus pro materia inter Dominum Episcopum et Majorem et 
communitatem xvj d. 

Expense forinsece. In primis soluto Ricardo Druell essendo apud 
Tuverton per ij. dies ad communicandum cum Domino Comite Devonie 
pro materia inter Dominum Episcopum et Majorem et communitatem ij s. 
Item in expensis Ricardi Druell et Henrici Trethyne existentium apud 
Tuverton pro negotio civitatis ij s. Item in locatione ij equorum pro 
eisdem eodem tempore viij d. Item soluto Ricardo Druell pro expensis 
Christmas, et labore suo equitanti usque Londoniam in septimana Natalis Domini 
ad communicandum cum Domino Concellario pro materia inter Dominum 
Episcopum et Majorem et communitatem xl s. b 

Erased " quia sine warranto." 

b This is erased " quia pro negotio suo proprio virtute brevis de subpena ad eectam 
Decani et Capituli." 



APPENDIX. 147 

Item in uno jantaculo dato Majori, Johanni Coteler, Willelmo Upton, 
Johanni Germyn et aliis tempore quo Major reversit de Londonia xviij 
die Julii vij s. vj d. a Item in uno equo locuto pro Johanne Coteler ad July 18, 1447. 
equitandum versus Nicholaum Radeford ad certificandum ipsum Nicho- 
laum Radeford de labore Majoris apud Londoniam xxd. Item in 
expensis Majoris, Thome Cook, Johannis Coteler et aliorum civium equi- 
tantum versus Nicholaum Radeford ad communicandum cum eodem 
Nicholao de materia civitatis viij d. Item in piscibus recentibus datis 
eidem Nicholao eodem tempore ij s. vij d. Item in j potello de Malmesyn 
dato eidem Nicholao eodem tempore viij d. ob. Item in uno homine cum 
equo locato pro dictis victualibus cariandis usque mansionem Nicholai 
Radeford vij d. Item in ij equis locatis pro Johanne Coteler et Johanne 
Glasyer equitaritibus versus Chuddelegh ad communicandum cum Domino 
Episcopo de materia inter ipsum et Majorem et communitatem xj d. 
Item soluto Ricardo Druell equitanti usque Tuverton ad communicandum 
cum Domino Comite pro materia civitatis viij d. Item in pabulo equi sui 
eodem tempore iij d. Item in uno equo locato pro Johanne Coteler 
equitante versus mansionem Nicholai Radford pro materia civitatis ix d. 
Item in vino de Malmesyn et piscibus datis eidem Nicholao xxij d. Item 
in ij lagenis vini emptis pro Majore et communitate die communicationis 
in Gilhalda Exonie de materia inter Dominum Episcopum et Majorem et 
Communitatem xvj d. Item in ij equis locatis pro Johanne Coteler 
equitante versus Nicholaum Radeford cum j serviente civitatis pro 
reparacione facienda de articulis civitatis versus Dominum Episcopum 
xx d. Item in vino de Malmesyn et piscibus datis eidem Nicholao eodem 
tempore xx d. Item in ij equis locatis pro Johanne Coteler et famulo 
suo equitantibus versus mansionem Nicholai Radeford ad communicandum 
cum eo pro materia civitatis et in vino de Malmesyn dato eidem Nicholao 
eodem tempore xviij d. Item in j equo locato pro Willelmo Hampton ad After NOV. 2, 
equitandum versus Londoniam cum le blak rolle et aliis scripturis cum 1447. 
argento sibi liberate pro expensis suis versus Londoniam xiij s. iiij d. 
Item soluto Johanni Harry pro scriptura j rotuli de croniculis xij d. 



Erased. 



148 APPENDIX. 

Receiver's account, 2627 Henry VI. Michaelmas 1447 to Michael- 
mas 1448. 

John Shillingford, Mayor. 
John Germyn, Receiver. 
William Speer, Clerk. 
Henry Brok, Attorney. 

Dona et exennta. In primis in piscibus datis Johanni Copleston, 
Nicholao Radford et aliis tempore tractatus materie inter Majorem et 
communitatem et Dominum Episcopum xviij d. Item in cuniculis datis 
eisdem eodem tempore vj d. Item in ij plovers et j partriche datis eisdem 
eodem tempore v d. Item in vino ij s. ij d. Item dato Nicholao Rade- 
forde de rewardo eodem tempore xx s. Item dato clerico suo xx d. 
Item dato Thome Dourisshe eodem tempore de rewardo vj s. viij d. 
, Item in uno fardello de Bukhorn dato Domino Cancellario Anglic in festo 
Jan 25 conversionis Sancti Pauli xx s. Item in cariagio ejusdem v s. Item 
1447-8.' dato Johanni Golf servienti Johannis Fortescu Chivaler eodem tempore 
xl d. Item dato clerico suo iiij d. Item in vino dato consilio civitatis 
eodem tempore [tempore Assisarum apud Exoniam tempore Quadra- 
gesime] laboranti circa negotium civitatis x s. a Item in vino dato con- 
silio civitatis et Domini Episcopi in domo capitulari ix s. ij d. Item in 
vino de Malmesyn dato Nicholao Radeforde alia vice iiij d. Item in 
vino dato Willelmo Beffe et in pabulis equorum suorum apud Exoniam 
existentium tempore communicationis materie inter Dominum Episcopum 
et Majorem et communitatem viij s. vij d. Item in pane canonico, vino 
et piscibus datis Nicholao in domo sua alia vice ij s. vij d. Item in vino 
de Malmesyn dato Nicholao Radeforde alia vice xij d. Item dato 
June 24, 1448. Johanni Husset in festo Nativitatis Sancti Johannis Baptiste laboranti 
circa negotiurn civitatis ex precepto Majoris xl d. b Item in pane dato 
pro uno juntaculo Vicecomiti Devonie xij d. Item in vj lagenis servisie 
xij d. Item in v lagenis vini iij s. iiij d. Item in carne bourn, multonum 
et porcorum ij s. Item in una auca empta v d. Item in iij caponibus 
ij s. Item in una aucta ij d. Item in uno porcello vj d. Item in viij 

a This last item is erased. 
b This entry is erased. 



APPENDIX. 149 

castrumago (sic) alias vocatis wodecokkys vij d. Item in iij perdicibus 
alias vocatis partrichis vij d. ob. Item in v volucribus v d. Item in 
speciebus emptis viij d. Item in argento dato coco de rewardo vj d. 
Item dato administrallis domini Ducis Suffolchie vj s. viij d. Item dato 
- administrallis domini Ducis Bukingham viij d. a Item in piscibus de 
sturgeon datis Justiciariis tempore assisarum iiij s. Item in makerellis 
vj d. Item in piscibus de conger iij s. iiij d. Item in lampreys xvj d. 
Item in anguillis iij s. iiij d. Item in uno turbet iij s. Item in vj 
coners b xiiij d. Item in makerellis xiij d. Item in makerellis iij s. ij d. 
Item in haddokkys xx d. Item in c. walkys iij d. Item in j pecia de 
graunt conger ix d, Item in gurnardis xvij d. Item in piscibus datis 
hominibus de consilio tempore tractatus materie predicte apud Exoniam 
iij s. vij d. c Item dato Johanni Husset ad equitandum pro Willelmo 
Beef ex precepto Majoris vij d. Item in piscibus datis Johanni Copleston, 
Nicholao Kadeforde et aliis tempore tractatus communis materie predicte 
apud Exoniam alia vice ij s. iij d. Item in piscibus de Mil well et lenge 
emptis pro eisdem eodem tempore xij d. Item in piscibus de lenge 
emptis pro eisdem eodem tempore vj d. Item in argento dato Thome 
Dowrisshe apud Londoniam de rewardo vj s. viij d. Item dato servienti 
Majoris pro cariagio harnesie usque Londoniam iij s. iiij d. Item in 
locatione batellorum pro Majore et hominibus de consilio per diversas 
vices apud Londoniam vij d. Item in uno pane et piris datis Alexandro 
Hody, Thome Dourisshe et aliis v d. Item dato Thome Jenkyn de rewardo 
pro scriptura articulorum &c. per diversas vices vj d. Item dato Willelmo 
Nayller pro scrutineo facto in Cancellario xxd. Item soluto Thome 
Yonge de rewardo vj s. viij d. Item in pane, vino et piris datis Johanni 
Vampage, Alexandro Hody et aliis de consilio civitatis xv d. ob. Item in 
una cena data Thome Dowrissh, Alexandro Hody, Henry Brok et aliis 
xix d. Item in alia cena data eisdem alia vice ad supervidendum et cor- 
rigendum articulos etc. xiiij d. Item in ij prandiis et ij jantaculis datis 
Thome Jenkyn viij d. Item in vino et piris datis Alexandro Hody apud 
" Bel taverne " ix d. Item in argento dato Ricardo Neell et Thome 
Dourisshe de rewardo vj s. viij d. Item in vino dato eisdem v d. Item 

. These two last entries are erased here, but eleven pence of the amount is allowed in 
the foot of the account. 

b Congers (?) c Erased. 

CAMD. SOC. X 



150 APPENDIX. 

in argento dato clerico Eicardi Neell viij d. Item in vino piris et bere 
datis Eicardo Neell, Johanni Bluet, et Thome Dourisshe xij d. Item in 
vino dato Thome Dourisshe et Eicardo Livermore ij d. Item in caleptra 
data Johanni Vampage xx d. Item dato Thome Douryssh de rewardo in 
Gylhalda civitatis ex consensu Majoris et sociorum suorum xxvj s. viij d. 
a ltem in iiij c de Bockehorne emptis pro Domino Cancellario Anglic in 

Aug. 1, 1447. festo Ad vincula Sancti Petri anno xxyj ti Eegis nunc xvj s. Item in 
cariagio ejusdem usque Londoniam viij d. Item in una lagena vini missa 
uno generoso Ducis Suffolchie viij d. Item in una lagena vini data 
Domino de Lacy viij d. a Item in iij lagenis vini Magistro Henrico 
Webber ij s. Item in iij lagenis vini missis Thome Courtenay chivaler 
ij s. Item in j lagena vini data Johanni Trevilian viij d. Item in uno 
potello vini dato Nicholao Eadeforde iiij d. Item in xv lagenis et j 
quarterio et dimidio vini missis Baroni de Scaccario x s. iij d. sic pro 
lagena viij d. Item in x lagenis vini missis Justiciario Domini Eegis 

Aug. 1, 1448. ad assisas tempore assisarum in festo ad vincula Sancti Petri v s. Item in 
j quarterio vini misso eidem Baroni eodem tempore ij d. 

Expense forinsece. Item in pabulis equorum Thome Cook equitantis 
usque Chuddelegh, Tyverton et Kyrton ad communicandum cum Domino 
Episcopo et Comite Devonie de materia civitatis iij s. Item in expensis 
Eicardi Druell equitantis versus Tyverton ad communicandum cum 
March 28, Domino Comite Devonie pro materia civitatis xxviij die Martii et in 
pabulis equorum suorum xxiij d. Item soluto eidem Eicardo ad equitan- 
dum versus Criditon ad communicandum cum Domino Episcopo vj d. Item 
in expensis ejusdem Eicardi equitantis versus Tyverton ad communican- 

April 10, 1448. dum cum Domino Comite Devonie pro materia civitatis x die Aprilis 
xij d. Item in expensis Johannis Germyn, Johannis Avyle, Johannis 
Beaufitz, et Andree Thrynge equitantium versus Shute ad communican- 
dum cum Willelmo Bonevyll milite pro materia civitatis v s. vj d. Item 
in ij equis locatis per duas vices pro Eicardo Druell et Henrico Dobyn 
equitantibus versus Tyverton et in eorum expensis per idem tempus xx d. 
Item in expensis Johannis Hulle, Johannis Cutler, et Eicardi Druell 
equitantium versus Eadeway ad communicandum cum Domino Episcopo 
de materia civitatis iiij s. xd. Item in expensis Eicardi Druell et 

* Erased, MS. 



APPENDIX. 151 

Henrici Dobyn equitantium versus Tyverton pro materia civitatis et in 
pabulis equorum suorum iij s. v d. Item in duobus equis locatis pro 
eisdem Bicardo et Henrico equitantibus versus Tyverton pro materia 
predicta ij s. j d. ob. Item in expensis Ricardi Druell equitantis versus 
Tyverton cum una littera de materia civitatis ij s. vij d. Item in uno 
equo locato pro clerico equitante versus recordatorem pro una littera de 
materia civitatis vd. Item in expensis Hugonis Germyn, Johannis 
Coteler et aliorum equitantium versus Recordatorem pro materia civitatis 
cum vino dato eidem Recordatori eodem tempore iij s. x d. Item in 
expensis Johannis Glasyer equitantis versus London pro negotiis civi- 
tatis x s. Item in locatione unius equi equitandi usque Kyrton et 
Tyverton ad communicandum cnm Domino Comite pro materia civitatis 
ij s. v d. Item soluto Ricardo Druell pro pabulis equi sui existentis in 
stabulo per duos dies parati ad equitandum versus Exon. pro materia 
civitatis videlicet ad communicandum cum Domino Cancellario xiij d. 
Item in expensis Ricardi Druell equitantis versus Tuverton cum lanceis 
et in pabulis equi sui eodem tempore ij s. vij d. Item in expensis Ricardi 
Druell per ij dies apud Tuverton ad communicandum cum Domino 
Comite Devonie pro negotio civitatis ij s. Item in expensis Ricardi 
Druell et Henrici Trethyne apud Tuverton pro negotio civitatis ij s. viij d. 
Item in locatione ij equorum pro eisdem eodem tempore viij d. Item in 
cariagio togarum Majoris et civium Exonie usque Londoniam iij s. iiij d. 
Item in expensis Majoris clerici et servientum Curie apud Tuverton 
xiij d. Item in argento tradito Ricardo Druell et Henrico Dobyn equi- 
tantium usque Londoniam pro negotio civitatis xviij s. videlicet xxv die June 25, 1448. 
Junii. Item dato eidem Ricardo de rewardo pro magno labore suo circa 
negotio civitatis ex precepto Majoris xl s. a Item in expensis Receptoris 
equitantis usque Londoniam per ij vices tempore Johannis Hulle Majoris 
videlicet de termino Trinitatis xij s. r d. b Item in expensis receptoris Trinity, 1446. 
equitantis versus Londoniam alia vice pro negotio civitatis vj s. ij d 
Item in expensis receptoris equitantis versus Londoniam alia vice pro 
negotio civitatis xj s. x d. Item in expensis ejusdem receptoris equitantis 
versus Londoniam alia vice videlicet termino Pasche et termino Sancte 
Trinitatis tempore Johannis Shillyngforde Majoris ix s. iij d. Item in 

These two last entries are erased. b Erased. 



152 APPENDIX. 

expensis ejusdem Receptoris equitantis usque Londoniam per ij vices 
Easter, 1447-8. videlicet pro negotio civitatis videlicet termino Pasche et termino Trini- 
mty ' ' ' tatis xxv s. xd. Item in uno jantaculo dato Johanni Bluet, Johanni 
Vampage, Thome Yong, et Thome Dowrissh in camera Johannis Yam- 
page apud Londoniam vij s. Item [in] expensis Willelmi Bonevyll et 
servientum suorum tempore tractatus pacis de debato inter Dominum 
Episcopum et Majorem et Communitatem existentium apud Exoniam 
una vice Ixxvj s. Item in expensis Philippi Courtenay et servientum 
suorum hie apud Exoniam existentium pro materia predicta xxxj s. j d. 
Item in expensis servientum suorum iiij d. Item in piscibus emptis 
missis ad Criditon tempore tractatus materie ibidem cum Domino Epis- 
copo vj d. Item in piscibus missis Nicholao Eadeford viij d. Item in 
piscibus missis eidem Nicholao iiij d. Item soluto Ricardo Neell de 
rewardo iij s. iiij d. Item soluto Nicholao Radeforde pro consilio suo 
habendo circa negotium civitatis ad Sessionem pacis post festum Epi- 
Jan. 6, 1447-8. phanie Domini xxvj s. viij d. Item dato Thome Dourisshe juniori eodem 
tempore x s. Item soluto Nicholao Radeforde pro labore suo die amoris 
Domino Comite Devonie ibidem existente xiij s. iiij d. Item dato 
Willelmo Beef eodem tempore xx s. Item dato Thome Dourisshe eodem 
tempore vj s. viij d. 



Receiver's account, 27 28 Henry VI. Michaelmas 1448 to Michael- 
mas 1449. 

John Coteler, Mayor. 
William Tuke, Receiver. 
William Speere, Clerk. 
Henry Brok, Attorney. 

Dona et exennia. Item in una lagena vini missa Majori, Thome Cooke, 
Recordatori et aliis in domo Thome Cooke tempore communicationis 
materie in debato inter Dominum Episcopum et Majorem et communi- 
tatem viij d. Item soluto Ricardo Levermore pro magno debato inter 
Dominum Episcopum et Majorem et communitatem, videlicet pro labore 
suo de rewardo xiij s. iiij d. Item soluto Johanni Hoppynge pro labore 
suo circa eodem materiam ut de rewardo xx d. Item in iij lagenis vini 
missis Domino de Bonevyle apud Exoniam x die Novembris ij s. Item 



APPENDIX. 153 

in j quarte de Malmesyn dato eidem Domino eodem tempore iiij d. Item 
dato eidem Domino de rewardo pro magno labore suo in materia inter 
Dominum Episcopum et Majorem et communitatem videlicet pro expensis 
suis Iv s. vij d. ob. Item dato servientibus ejusdem Domini de Bonevyle 
adtunc de rewardo per preceptum Majoris et sociorum suorum xlvj s. viij d. 
Item in j summagio piscis dato eidem domino eodem tempore per pre- 
ceptum Majoris et sociorum suorum iij s. xd. Item dato Recordatori de 
rewardo pro labore suo [in] debate inter dominum Episcopum et Majorem 
et communitatem Exonie xl s. Item dato Willelmo Beoff de rewardo 
eodem tempore per preceptum Majoris et sociorum suorum xx s. Item 
in coners a emptis de Thoma Power, iij pleyeis emptis de Thoma Kyng 
ffyssher, in mulwel emptis, in tubdure et turbet emptis de Willelmo 
Fysshe, in konger, turbet et breyme emptis de Rogero Fyssher, et 
walkys emptis datis domino de Bonevyle pro magno labore suo in 
debato inter Dominum Episcopum et Majorem et communitatem ex 
assensu Majoris et sociorum suorum iiij die Aprilis viij s. x d. Item 
in cariagio eorundem piscium xviij d. Item in j lagena et j pynte 
de Malmesyn datis recordatori xviij d. Item in romenay vij d. 
Item in romenay vij d. ob. missis eidem recordatori. Item in piscibus 
datis eidem recordatori xv die Marcii xx d. Item in iij quartes de Mal- 
mesyn datis Domino Episcopo xxvij die Martii per preceptum Majoris et 
sociorum suorum xij d. Item in iij quartes de romenay datis eidem 
Episcopo eodem tempore ix d. Item in iij quartes vini bastard eodem 
tempore datis eidem Episcopo xij d. Item in j lagena vini rubei data 
eidem Episcopo adtunc vj d. Item in pabulis equorum Domini de Bone- 
vyll apud Exon. apud la Belle tempore quo tractavit pro materia inter 
Dominum Episcopum et Majorem et communitatem xxxvij s. iiij d. 

Expense forinsece. In primis in expensis factis apud Chuddelegh per 
Johannem Coteler, Majorem Civitatis Exonie, Johannem Kelly, Willel- 
mum Duke, et servientes Curie tempore quo communicaverunt cum 
Domino Episcopo pro materia in debato inter Dominum Episcopum et 
Majorem et communitatem, videlicet in pabulis equorum suorum iiij d. ob. 
Item in expensis factis per Johannem Coteler Majorem, Johannem Hulle, 
Thomam Cooke, Willelmum Crymell, et Thomam Evelton pro materia 
predicta alia vice apud Chudlegh ij s. iiij d. Item soluto Henrico Dobyn 

a Congers. 



154 APPENDIX. 

Oct. 3, 1448. equitanti usque Londoniam tertio die Octobris cum copia placiti inter 
Johannem Notte clericum et Major em et comnmnitatem xiij s. iiij d. 
Item soluto Johanni Shillyngford pro copia placiti predicti habenda 
iij s. viij d. 

In pede. Et [allocantur] eidem xxvj s. viij d. soluti Thome Dourissh 
existenti ad parliamentum Domini Regis pro civitate Exonie. Et 
eidem xxvj s. viij d. Johanni Tyler existenti ad parliamentum predictum 
pro civitate predict a. Inde allocantur eidem xl s. soluti Magistro Hugoni 
Payn pro magno labore suo [in] tractatu cum Domino Episcopo pro 
materia in debate inter eundem Episcopum et Majorem et Communita- 
cem dicte civitatis. Item allocantur eidem vj s. viij d. dati servienti 
ejusdem Magistri Hugonis eodem tempore. 



THE END. 



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