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THE rapid sale of the thirteen former Editions or 
this Dictionary has induced the Editor to comply with the 
desires of the public, in preparing another impression for 
the press. To copy the best examples is not only the ne- 
cessary resource of the writers of the present age, but 
it exhibits, at the same time, a proof of their modesty 
and discernment. This remark extends to authors in 
almost every department of science and morals : but it 
is peculiarly applicable to the Editor of a Dictionary. If 
a word has been once explained with accuracy, and its 
various meanings discriminated with critical acumen, 
nothing remains for a succeeding writer, but to collect 
and arrange the labours of his predecessors, in a man- 
ner wnich coincides with his own particular plan. Such 
is the use which has been made in the present work of 
the laborious and celebrated compilation of Dr. Johnson, 
which is the most perfect model in its kind. And if this 
task has been performed with only common industry 
and care, it will follow that this small volume contains 
in substance the quintessence of lexicography, and is 
adapted for every purpose as a book of reference. It 
has also this superior advantage, that the more obsolete 

A 2 


excressences of Johnson, and other eminent lexicogra- 
phers, are here exchanged for many additional scientific 
and literary terms not current in their time. In fact, no 
pains have been spared to render this work as complete 
as its limits would admit. 

An epitome of the Heathen Mythology follows the 
Dictionary, more copious and correct than has hitherto 
appeared in any similar production ; and the Chronology 
annexed exhibits the general outlines of ancient and mod- 
ern history. 

J. H. 
Hemel Hemsted, 
June 1, 1799. 


„:..«,.. , ..adjective 

ad M adverb 

con conjunction. 

inter interjection 

part * participle 

,t art. a .. e ,.,*,u......»...participial adjective 

pr ....preposition 

s „ substantive 

pron.... pronoua 

v verb 

v. a ........verb active 

v. n...... verb neuter 




A B D 

A B L 

A AN article set before nouns of the 
) singular number, as a boy, a dog. 
When it is placed before a word beginning 
with a vowel, it is changed into an, as an 
earl, an ensign. It is placed before a par- 
ticip!e, or participial noun, as a riding, a 
walking. It also denotes proportion, as a 
year, a month. It is sometimes used as an 
abbreviation of the Latin word artittm, as 
A. M. artium magister; A. D. annodomini 
Aba'ck, ad. backwards ; back ; a sea term 
Ab'acot, s. an ancient kind of crown 
Ab'acus, s. a counting table ; in architecture, 
the crowningbotn of the capital and column 
Aba'ft, or Aft, ad. towards the stern from the 

ship's head ; a sea term 
Abai'sance, /. a bow ; a mark of respect 
Abal'ienate, v. a. to make over to another 
Aban'don, v. a. to resign ; to forsake, desert 
Aban'doned, a. deserted ; given up ; wicked 
Abandonment, /. the act of forsaking 
Aba'se, v. a. to humble, to bringlow, depress 
Aba'sed, />arr. depressed...*, in heraldry, so 
called when the tops of eagles' wings are 
pointed downwards 
Abatement,/, the state of being brought low 
Aba'sh, v. a. to confuse, to make ashamed 
Abash'ment, .'. great shame or confusion 
Aba'te, v. a. to lessen ; to lower in price 
Abatement, s. the act of lessening, the 

quantity abated ; extenuation 
Abb, s. the yarn on a weaver's warp 
AbT)a, s. a scriptural word signifying father 
Abbacy, s. the rights, possessions, privileges, 

and immunities of an abbot 
Ab'bess, /. the governess of a nunnery 
Ab'be, Aiybey, Ab^oy, /. residence for reli- 
gious persons, whether men or women 
AbTjot, s. the chief of a convent of men 
Abbreviate, v. a. to abridge, to shorten 
Abbreviation, s. the act of abridging 
Abbrevia'tor, s. one who shortens or abridges 
Abbre'viature, x. a mark used for the sake of 
shortening ; a compendium or abridgment 
Ab'dfcate, v, a. to resign an office, to give up 

Abdication, s. resignation ; act of giving up 
Ab'dicative, a. that which implies abdication 
Ab'ditive, a- hiding or concealing 
Abdo'men, s. the lower part of the belly 
Abdom'inal, a. relating to the abdomen 
Abdom'inous, a. paunch-bellied ; unwieldy 
Abdu'ce, -v. a. to separate ; to draw away 
Abdu'cent, a. drawing or pulling back 
Abduc'tion, s. the act of separating or drawing 
Abduc'tor, s. any muscle that contracts 
Abecedarian, s. a teacher of the alphabet 
Abecedary, a. belonging to the alphabet 
Abe'd, ad. in bed, on the bed 
A'bele-tree, s. a kind of white poplar 
Aber'rance, s. a deviation from the right way. 
Aber'rant, a. wandering from the right way 
Aberra'tion, s. the act of deviating 
Abe't, v. a. to aid, to encourage, to set on 
Abet'ment, s. act of abetting or encouraging 
Abet'tor, s. he that abets ; an accomplice 
Abey'ance, ;. in law, goods in reversion, but 

not in possession 
Abgrega'tion, /. separation from the flock 
Abho'r, v. a. to detest, to loathe,to abominate 
Abhor'rence, /. aversion, great hatred 
Abhor'rent, a. struck with abhorrence, odi- 
ous ; contrary to; inconsistent with 
Abi'de, v. n. to dwell in a place ; to attend ; 

to support; to persevere in any thing 
Ab'ject, a. mean, base, vile, contemptible 
Abjec'tedness, Abjec'tion, Ab'jectness, t, 

meanness of mind, servility, baseness 
Ab'jectly, ad. in an abject manner, meanly 
Abil'ity, s. power ; skill,capacity,qualification 
Abintestate, s. the heir of an intestate person 
Ab'jugate, v. a. to set free, to unyoke 
Abjura'tion, s. the act of abjuring; a re- 
nouncing on oath 
Abju're, v. a. to retract, or recant solemnly ; 
to renounce an opinion : forsake the realm 
Ablac'tatej v. a. to wean from the breast 
Ablacta'tion,/. weaning; a method of grafting 
Ablaquea'tion, s. the opening of the ground 
round the roots oftrees,to admit air or water 
Abla'tion, s. the act of taking away 



Ablative, a. that which takes away; the last 

of the six cases of the Latin nouns 
A'bLe, a. capable to perform ; skilful 
Able-bodied, a. strong of body, powerful 
Ablegate, v. a. to send abroad on some pub- 
lic business or employment ; to send away 
A'bleness, s. strength of mind or body 
Ab'lepsy, s. want of sight ; unadvisedness 
Ab'ligate, v. a. to bind or tie up from 
Ab'locate, v. a. to let out to hire 
Abluent, a. having the power of cleansing 
Ablu'tion, s. act of cleansing; the cup given 
without consecration in theRomish church; 
a religious purification 
Ab'negate, v. a. to deny, to renounce, reject 
Abnega'tion, s. denial ; renunciation 
Abnor'mous, a. mishapen ; vast, huge 
Abo'ard, ad. in, or on board a ship 
Abo'de, s. an habitation, a dwelling place 
Abo'de, v. a. to foretel, to prognosticate 
Abo'dement, /. a secret anticipation ; omen 
Abolish, v. a. to repeal, to make void 
Abollshable, a. that which may be abolished 
Aboli'tion, s. the aft of abolishing 
Abominable, a. detestable, hateful; unclean 
Abomlnableness, s. hatefulness, odiousness 
Abominably, ad. extremely ; excessively, 

exceedingly ; in the ill sense 
Abominate, v. a. to abhor, to detest, to hate 
Abomination, s. detestation, hatred ; pollu- 
tion, or defilement 
Abori'gines, s. the primitive or original inha- 
bitants of a country 
Abortion, ;. a miscarriage ; untimely birth 
Abor'tive, a. untimely ; premature 
Abo've, prep, higher in place; more in quan- 
tity., -ad. the regions of heaven 
Above'board, ad. without any trick, fairly 
Abou'nd, v. n. to have in great plenty 
Abo'ut, prep, round ; encircling, near to ; 

engaged in ; relating every way 
Abracadab'ra, s. a superstitious charm 
Abra'de, v. a* to waste by degrees ; to rub off 
Abra'sion, s. the act of rubbing off 
Abre'ast, ad. close together, side by side 
Abrid'ge, v. a. to contract, to shorten ; to 

express the same sense in fewer words 
Abridgment, s. a summary; any larger work 

contracted into a smaller compass 
Abro'ach, ad. being tapped ; in a situation 

ready to yield the liquor contained 
Abro'ad, ad. without doors ; in foreign 

countries; widely scattered 
Ab'rogate, v. a. to disannul, to abolish 
Abrogation, s . the aft of disannulling 
Abru'pt, a. sudden ; rough; unconnected 
Abruptly, ad. unseasonably; hastily 
Abruptness, s. an abrupt manner, suddenness 
Ab'scess, s. a tumour containing matter 
Absci'nd, v. a. to cut off 

Abscis'sa, s. that part of the diameter of a 
conic section, which is intercepted be- 
tween the vertex and a semi-ordinate 
Abscis'sion, s. the act of cutting or lopping-oiT 
Absco'nd, v. a. to hide one's self 
Absco'nder, s. the person who absconds 
Ab'sence, s. being absent ; inattention 
Ab'sent, a. not present; inattentive 
Abse'nt, v. n. to keep away, to withdraw 
Absente'e, s. one who is absent from his em- 
ployment, station, or country 
Absin'thiated,par/. impregnated with bitter 
Absi'st, v. n. to cease or leave off 
Absolve, 1 !;, a. to set free ; to acquit ; to pardon 
Ab'solute, a. complete ; not relative ; arbi- 
trary ; without any restriction 
Ab'solutely, ad. peremptorily, positively 
Absolu'tion, s. acquittal ; the remission of 

sins, or penance, by a priest 
Absolutory, a. that which absolves or acquits 
Absonant, fl. contrary to reason; absurd 
Ab'sonate, v. a. to shun, to avoid ; to detest 
Abso'rb, v. a. to suck up, to swallow up 
Absorb'ent, s. a medicine that draws away 

superfluous moisture in the body 
Abso'rpt, part, swallowed up 
Abso'rption, s. the act of swallowing up 
Abstain, v. n. to forbear, to refrain from 
Abste'mious, a. temperate, abstinent, sober 
Abste'miously, ad. temperately, soberly 
Abste'miousness, s. sobriety, temperance 
Abstention, s. the act of holding off 
Abste'rge, v. a. to cleanse ; to wipe off 
Abster'gent, a. having a cleansing quality 
Abster'sion, s. the act of cleansing 
Abster'sive,a.that has the quality of cleansing 
Ab'stinence, s. a refraining from ; temperance 
Abstra'ct, v. a. to separate ideas, to abridge 
Ab'straft, s. an abridgment, an epitome 
Abstracted, part, separated ; refined, abstruse 
Abstractedly, ad. simply ; separately 
Abstraction, s. the aft of abstrafting, &c. 
Abstractive, a. having the quality to abstract 
Abstraftly, ad. absolutely ; simply 
Abstru'se,«. hidden, obscure, difficult 
Abstru'sely, ad. obscurely, not obviously 
Abstru'seness, s. difficulty ; obscurity 
Absu'me, v. a. to waste gradually 
Absu'rd, a. unreasonable ; inconsistent 
Absurdity, s. not agreeable to reason ; folly 
Absurdly, ad. improperly, foolishly 
Abun'dance, s. great plenty, exuberance 
Abun'dant, a. plentiful ; exuberant 
Abun'dantly, ad. in plenty ; amply ; liberally 
Abu'se, v. a. to revile ; to impose on ; ill use 
Abu'se, s. corrupt practice ; unjust censure 
Abu'ser, s. he that uses ill, or reproaches 
Abu'sive, a. offensive, injurious, deceitful 
Abu'sively, ad. rudely; reproachfully 
Abut, v. bound or border upon; to meet 

A C C 


Abut'tal, Abut'ment, s. that which joins to, 

or borders upon, another object 
Aby'sm,Aby'ss,j.a fathomless gulf or pit ; hell 
Academical, a. belonging to an academy 
Acade'mian, Academ'ic, Academician, 

Acad'emist, s. a student at an academy 
Acad'emy, s. a school where the arts and 

sciences are taught ; an university 
Acan'thus, s. the herb bear's-foot 
Acatalec'tic, s. a verse exactly perfect, hav- 
ing the complete number of syllables 
Acatalep'tic, a. incomprehensible 
Acce'de, v. n. to comply with or subscribe 

to a treaty ; to agree to 
Accelerate, v. a. to quicken, to hasten 
Accelerated, part, quickened, hastened 
Acceleration, s. a quickening, hastening 
Acce'nd, v. a. to kindle, to set on fire 
Accen'sion, s. the state of being kindled 
Ac'cent, s. manner of pronunciation ; a mark 

to direct the modulation of the voice 
Acce y nt, v. a. to note the accent or mark 
Accentuate, v. a. to place an accent properly 
Accentua'tion, s. due placing of the accent 
Acce'pt, v. a. to receive, to take, to admit 
Acceptable, a . agreeable, seasonable 
Ac'ceptably, ad. in an acceptable manner 
Acceptance* s. reception with approbation 
Acceptation, s. reception, either agreeably 

or not ; the received meaning of a word 
Accept'er, :. the person who accepts 
Acceptila'tion, s. remission of a debt by an 

acquittance from a creditor 
Acce'ss, s. admission to a place or person 
Ac'cessary, /. an. abettor ; an accomplice 
Accessible, a. that which may be approached. 
Accession, s. addition ; arriving at 
Accessory, a. additional ; superadded.../, an 

accomplice, not a principal 
Ac'cidence, s. a little book containing the 

first rudiments of grammar 
Ac'cident, /. property or quality of a word 
or being, separable from it, at least in 
thought ; casualty ; unforeseen event 
Accidental, a. casual ; fortuitous 
Accidentally, ad. casually, fortuitously 
Accip'ient, s. a receiver...**, receiving 
.Acci'te, v. a. to caW for or upon ; to summon 
Acclaim, Acclama'tion, s. a shout of ap- 
plause ; praise ; exultation 
Accliv'ity, s. the ascent of a hill 
Acclo'y, v. a. to cloy, to satiate, to surfeit 
Acco'il, v. n. to crowd ; to bustle about 
Accom'modable, a. that which may be fitted 
Accom'modate, v. a. to supply ; to reconcile 
Accommodation, j, composition of a disa- 
greement ; provision of conveniences 
Accompanied, part, attended by 
Aecom'paniment, s. something added to an- 
other ; harmonious union of parts 

Accom'pany , v. a. to join ; to associate with 
Accomplice, s. a partner ; an associate 
Accomplish, v. a. to complete ; to obtain } 

to adorn the body, or improve the mind 
Accomplished, part. a. completed ; elegant 
Accomplishment, s. completion ; full per- 
formance j elegance ; ornament of mind 
Acco'mpt, s. an account, a reckoning 
Accompt'aut, s. a calculator, a computer 
Acco'rd, v. a. to adjust ; unite ; agree with 
Acco'rd, s. a compact. ; harmony ; union 
Accordance, s. agreement ; conformity 
Accord'ant, a. willing ; consenting 
According, prep, agreeably to; in proportion, 
Accordingly, ad. agreeably ; conformably 
Acco'st, v. a. to address, to salute 
Accost'able, a. easy of access ; familiar 
Acco'unt, v. a. to compute ; to esteem ; to 

answer for, to assign to ,• to give an account 
Acco'unt, s. a computation ; examination ; 

narration ; dignity, rank ; estimation 
Account'able, a. subject to an account 
Account'edjpar/^ valued ; reckoned,esteemed 
Accou'ple, v. a. to join or link together 
Accou'tre, v. a. to attire, to dress, to furnish 
Accou'trement, s. equipage, trappings 
Accre'tion, s. the act of growing to another 
Accre'tive, a. that which by growth is added 
Accru'e, arise by profit ; to be added to 
Accuba'tion, s . the ancient posture of leaning 

at meals 
Accu'mulate, v. a. to pile up, to heap together 
Accumulation, s. a heaping up ; a heap 
Accumulative, a. that which increases 
Accumulator,;, a gatherer or heaper together 
Ac'curacy, s. exactness, nicety, without error 
Ac'curate, a. very exact ; done with care 
Accurately, ad. without error; nicely 
Accur'se, v. a. to doom to destruction 
Accurs'ed, part, a- that which is doomed to 

misery ; execrable, hateful, detestable 
Accu'sable,fl. that may be censured ; culpable 
Accusation, s . charge, impeachment 
Accusative, a. the fourth case of a Latin noun 
Accu'se, v. a. to charge with a crime ; to 

blame, to censure, to impeach 
Accu'ser, s. one who prefers a complaint 

against another ; a censor 
Accus'tom, v. a. to use one's self to, to enure 
Accus'tomable, a. habitual, customary 
Accus'tomably, Accus'tomarily, ad. usually! 

customarily, long practised 
Accus'tomary, a. common, usually done 
Accustomed, part. a. frequent, usual 
Ace, s. an unit on cards or dice ; a trifle 
Aceph'alous, a. without a head 
Ace'rb, a. acid, rough, bitter ; severe 
Acerb'ate, v. a. to make bitter or sour 
Acerbity, s. a sour taste ; severity of temper 


Acer'vate, v. a. to heap together 
Acerva'tion, s. the aft of heaping together 
Aces'cent, a. tending to sourness, or acidity 
Ace'tose, Ace'tous, a. having a sour quality 
Ache, s. a continued pain 
Ache, v. n. to be in continued pain 
Achie've, v. a. to perform ; to obtain 
Achievement, s. a deed, a performance ; 

the escutcheons, or ensigns armorial 
Achie'ver, s. he who performs his intentions 
A'chor, s. a species of the herpes 
A'cid, a. sour ; sharp ; biting 
Acid'ity, A'cidness, s. sharpness, sourness 
Acid'ulse, s. medicinal springs impregnated 

with certain sharp particles 
Acid'ulate, v. a. to make sour in a degree 
Ackno'wledge, v. a. to confess ; to be grateful 
Acknowledging, a. grateful 
Acknowledgment, s. concession ; gratitude 
Ac'me, t. the height or crisis of any thing 
Acol'othistjX. a servitor in the Romish church 
Ac'onite, s. wolf's bane ; poison in general 
A'corn, s. the seed or fruit of the oak 
Acous'tics,*. the theory of sounds ; medicines 

or instruments used to assist the hearing 
Acqua'int, v. a. to inform ; to make known 
Acquaintance, ;. familiarity ; fellowship ; 

a person with whom we associate 
Acquainted, a. familiar j well known to 
Acque'st, or Acqui'st, s. a thing gained 
Acquies'ce,t>. n. to yield, submit, comply 
Acquiescence, j. compliance ; rest; consent 
Acquirable, a. that may be had, or attained 
Acqui're, v. a. to gain by industry, &c. 
Acquirement, s. that which is gained 
Acquisition, s. the act of gaining ; the ad- 
vantage gained ; acquirement 
Acquisitive, a. that which is acquired 
Acqui't, v. a. to discharge ; set free ; absolve 
Acquit'ment, s. the aft of acquitting 
Acquit'tal, /. deliverance from an offence 
Acquit'tance, s. a release ; a discharge in 

writi ng for a debt 
A'cre, s. a portion of land containing 40 
perches in length, and four in breadth, or 
484O square yards 
Ac'rid, a. having a hot biting taste ; bitter 
Acrimo'nious, a. sharp ; corrosive 
Ac'rimony, s. sharpness ; corrosiveness ; se- 
verity of temper or language 
Ac'ritude, Ac'rity, s. an acrid taste ; a biting 

heat on the palate 
Acroamat'ical, a. pertaining to deep learning 
Acron'ycal,tf. a term of astronomy applied to 
stars when they appear above or sink be- 
low the horizon at the time of sun-set 
Acro'ss, ad. athwart, laid over any thing 
Acros'tic, s. a poem in which the first letter 
of every line makes up the name of the 
person on whom the poem i$ written 

Act, v. n. to do, to perform...^, a. to imitate 
Aft, s. a deed, an exploit ; a part in a play 
Ac'tion, s. opposite to rest ; gesture in speak- 
ing ; a deed ; a battle ; a law suit 
Ac'tionable,a.that which is punishable by law 
Ac'tionary, s. a holder of public stock 
Aft'ive, a. nimble, agile, quick, busy 
Aft'ively, ad. nimbly, briskly, quickly 
Aft'iveness, Aftiv'ity, s. nimbleness 
Aft'or, s. one that performs ; a stage-playe* 
Aft'ress, s. a female stage-player 
Aft'ual, a. real ; certain, not speculative 
Aft'ually, ad. in aft, in effeft, really 
Aft'ualness, s. the quality of being aftuai 
Aft'uary, s . a register, or clerk of a court 
Aft'uate, v. a. to put into aftion ; to move 
Aft'uate, a. Aft'uated, part, put into aftion 
Ac'uate, v. a. to make sharp ; to point 
Acu'leate, a. having a sting or sharp point 
Acu'men, s. a sharp point ; quickness or 

sharpness of intelleft 
Acu'minated, part, ending in a sharp point 
Acu'te, a. sharp, keen, subtle, ingenious 
Acu'te, s. an accent marked thus (') to show 

when the voice ought to be raised 
Acu'tely, ad. sharply, keenly, ingeniously 
Acu'teness, s. sharpness, subtleness 
Ada'fted, part. a. driven by force 
Ad'age, s. a maxim ; a common saying 
Ada'gio, s. in music, a term for slow time 
Ad'amant, s. a diamond ; a loadstone 
Adamante'an, a. very hard, impenetrable 
Adaman'tine, a. made of adamant ; hard 
Ada'pt, v. a. to fit, to suit, to proportion 
Adaptation, Adap'tion, s, the aft of fitting 
Add, v. a. to join to, increase, number up 
Adde'cimate, v. a. to take or value tithes 
Adde'em, -v. a. to esteem ; account, reckon 
Ad'der, s. a poisonous serpent ; a viper 
Adder's-grass, s. the name of a plant 
Adder's-tongue, s. the name of an herb 
Ad'dible, a. that which may be added 
Ad'dice, Adze, s. a cooper's tool ; an axe 
Addi'ft, v. a. to devote, to dedicate 
Addift'ed, pari. a. devoted to, fond of 
Add'itament, s. the thing added, addition 
Addi'tion, s. an adding to ; a rule for adding 
sums together ; in law, the residence, oc- 
cupation, or rank of any person 
Additional, a. that which is added 
Ad'dle, a. barren, empty ; usually applied 

to such eggs as are rotten..^, dry lees 
Ad'dle-pated, a. empty headed ; weak 
Addre'ss, v. a. to speak or apply to ; to direft 

to ; to prepare one's self for any aftion 
Addre'ss, s. a petition ; direftion ; skill % 

dexterity ; mode of behaviour 
Addu'ce, v. a. to bring in ; allege : assign 
Addu'cent, s. any muscle that contrafts 
Addu'lce, v a. to sweeten; to pleasant 


A D V 

Ademption, s. revocation, privation 
Adenography, s. a treatise of the glands 
Ad'ept, s. an artist, one well versed in an art 
Ad'equate,a. proportionate, equal to 
Adequately, ad. in exact proportion, duly 
Ad'equateness, s. equality ; exact proportion 
Adfected, a. compounded or affected 
Adhe're,?;. n. to stick close to ; to take part 
with, to remain fixed to any opinion, &c. 
Adhe'rence, s. attachment; tenacity 
Adhe'rent, a. united with ; sticking to 
Adhe'rent, Adhe'rer, s. a follower ; partisan 
Adhe'sion, /. the act of sticking to something 
Adhe'sive, a. sticking ; tenacious 
Adhib'it, v. a. to apply to ; to make use of 
Adhibi'tion, s. application ; use 
Adja'cency, s . state of being near or close to 
Adja'cent, a. lying close to, bordering upon 
Adiaph'orous, a. neutral, indifferent 
Adiaph'ory, s. neutrality, indifference 
Adje'ct, v. a. to add to, to put to 
Adjec'tion, s. the act of adjecting or adding 
Adjecti'tious, a. thrown in, added 
Ad'jective, s. a word added to a noun to de- 
note its quality, as good, bad, &c 
Adieu', ad. farewel 

Adjo'in, v. a. to join to, to unite or put to 
Adjoin'ing,/>ar/. being close to, near to 
Adjou'rn, v. a. to put off, to defer 
Adjournment, s. putting off to another day 
Ad'ipose, Ad'ipous, a. fat, greasy 
A'dit, a. a passage under ground for miners 
Adju'dge, v. a. to decree, to pass sentence 
Adju'dicate, v. a. to determine by law 
Ad'jugate, v. a. to yoke or couple to 
Ad'junct,j. something adherent to another 
Adjunc'tion, s. act of joining; thing joined 
Adjura'tion, s. a solemn proposing of an 

oath to another ; the oath proposed 
Adju're, v. a. to tender or impose an oath to 
be taken by another, prescribing the form 
Adju'st, v. a. to regulate ; put in order ; settle 
Adjust'ing, Adjustment, s. the act of regu- 
lating, or putting in method 
Ad'jutant, s. a military officer, whose duty is 
to assist the major, by distributing pay, 
and superintending punishments 
Adju'te, v. a. to assist, to aid, to concur 
Adju'tor, j. an helper, an assistant 
Ad'juvate, v. a. to help, to forward 
Admeasurement, s. the act of measuring 
Admin'ister, v. a. to act as an agent ; to supply 
Administration, s. act of administering 
Administrator, s. one who manages the af- 
fairs of a person dying without a will 
Administra'trix, s. a woman who administers 
Ad'mirable, a. to be admired ; good, rare 
Ad'mirably, ad. wonderfully, excellently 
Ad'miral, s. the chief commander of a fleet 
Ad'miralsbip, s. the office of an admiral 

Ad'miralty, s. the supreme office for the 

superintendence of naval affairs 
Admira'tion, s. act of admiring; wonder 
Admi're, v. to be surprised at ; to esteem 
Admi'rer, s. one that admires; a lover 
Admis'sible, a. that which may be admitted 
Admis'sion, s. the act of admitting ; the al- 
lowing of a position not fully proved 
Admi't, v. a. to grant entrance ; to allow an 
argument, or position ; to grant in general 
Admit'table, a. that which may be admitted 
Admittance, s. the act of admitting ; custom 
Admi'x, v. a. to mingle, to mix with 
Admix'tion, s. the uniting or blending one 

body with another 
Admix'ture, s. the substance of bodies mixed 
Admon'ish, v. a. to reprove, caution, advise 
Admon'isher, s. an adviser, a reprover 
Admoni'tion, /. advice, counsel, reproof 
Admon'itory, a. admonishing,warning gently 
Ado', s. trouble, confusion, bustle, tumult 
Adoles'cence, s. the flower or prime of youth 
Ado'pt, v. a. to take a son or daughter by 
choice, wha was not so by birth ; to em- 
brace any particular method or manner 
Adop'tion, s. the act or state of adopting 
Ado'rable, a. worthy of adoration ; divine 
Adora'tion, s. divine worship ; homage 
Ado're, v. a. to worship ; to honour highly 
Ado'rn, v. a. to dress, decorate, embellish 
Adorn'ment, /. ornament, embellishment 
Ado'wn, prep, down ; towards the ground 
Adri'ft, ad. floating at random 
Adro'it, a. active, skilful, dexterous 
Adroit'ly, ad. dexterously, nimbly, skilfully 
Adroit'ness, ;. dexterity, skill, activity 
Adry', a. thirsty, desirous of drink ; athirst 
Adsciti'tious, a. borrowed, added 
Adstric'tion, s . the act of binding together 
Adva'nce, v. a. to bring forward ; to aggran- 
dize ; to improve ; to grace ; to propose 
Adva'nce, s. a progression ; an improvement 
Advan'ced, part, forwarded ; asserted 
Advance'ment, /. preferment ; progression. 
Advant'age, s. superiority ; convenience ; 

gain ; benefit ; favourable circumstance 
Advant'age, v. a. to improve ; to promote 
Advanta'geous, a. convenient, profitable 
Advanta'geously, ad. conveniently; profit- 
ably ; opportunely 
Advanta'geousness, s. usefuIness,convenience 
Adve'ne, v. n. to be superadded to 
Adve'nient, a. superadded, advening 
Ad'vent, /. a coming; the time appointed as 
a preparation for the celebration of Christ's 
nativity, being 4 weeks before Christmas 
Advent'ine, Adventi'tious, Adventlve, a. 
accidental, casual ; additional, supervenient 
Advent'ure, v. n. to try the chance ; to dare 
Advent'ure, s. an accident; an enterprise 

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Advent'urer, /. an unsettled person ; one 

who hazards or risks any chance 
Advent'uresome, a. hazardous, daring 
Advent'urous, a. one who is daring, or cou- 
rageous ; full of hazard, dangerous 
Advent'urously, ad. boldly, hazardously 
Ad'verb, s. in grammar, a word joined to a 
verb or adjective, to denote the manner, 
time, &c. of an action 
Adverb'ial, a. that which relates to adverbs 
Adverb'ially, ad. in the manner of an adverb 
Advers'able, a. contrary to ; not in use 
Adversa'ria, s. a common-place book 
Ad'versary, s. an antagonist, enemy, foe 
Ad'verse, a. contrary ; calamitous 
Ad'versely,«rf. oppositely; unfortunately 
Adver'sity, s. misery, distress, affliction 
Adve'rt, v. n. to attend to, to heed, to regard 
Advert'ence, Advert'ency, s. attention to 
Adverti'se,i> inform,togive public notice 
■ Advertisement, s. intelligence, information j 

admonition ; notice in a public paper 
Advertiser, s. one who gives information 
Advertising, part, giving notice 
Adves'perate, v. n. to draw towards evening 
Advi'ce, s. counsel ; instruction, intelligence 
Advi'sable, a. prudent, proper, fit 
Advi'sableness, s. fitness, propriety 
Advi'se, v. to counsel, to consult, to inform 
Advi'sedly, ad. deliberately ; prudently 
Advi'ser, s. one who advises ; a counsellor 
Adula'tion, /. high compliment, flattery 
Ad'ulator, s. a parasite, a flatterer 
Ad'ulatory,«. flattering, fawning, parasitical 
Adu'lt, s. a person arrived at maturity 
Adult'erate, a. Adulterated, part, corrupted 

with some baser ingredients ; debased 
Adultera'tion, s. act of corrupting or debas- 
ing ; state of being contaminated 
Adult'erer, s. a man guilty of adultery 
Adult'eress, s. a woman guilty of adultery 
Adult'erous, a. guilty of adultery 
Adult'ery, s. violating the marriage bed 
Adumbrate, v. a. to shadow out faintly 
Adumbra'tion, s. a faint sketch ; giving a 

slight and imperfect representation 
Adima'tion, *. an union ; being joined 
Adun'city, s. crookedness, a bend inwards 
Ad'vocate, s. a pleader ; an intercessor ; one 

who defends the cause of another 
Advocation, s. the act of pleading ; plea ; 

apology ; excuse ; defence 
Advowe'e, s. he that possesses the right of 

advowson, or presentation 
Advow'son, s. a right to present to a benefice 
Advow'son appendant, s. a right of presenta- 
tion to a church, depending on a manor as 
an appurtenance thereto 
Advow'son in gross, s. an absolute right of 
presentation not belonging to a manor 

Adu're, v. a to burn up, to parch 
Adu'st, Adu'sted, a. burnt up, scorched 
Adustible, a. that which may be burnt up 
Adust'ion, s. the act of burning, or drying 
Ae'rial, a. belonging to the air ; high ; lofty 
A'erie, s. a nest of eagles, or birds of prey 
Aerol'ogy, s. the theory of the air 
A'eromancy, /. the art of divining by the air 
Aerom'etry, s. the art of measuring the air 
A'eronaut, s. one who sails thro',&c. the air 
Aeros'copy, /. the observation of the air 
Aerostat'ic, a. belonging to aerostation 
Aerosta'tion, s. traversing the air in balloons 
Afa'r, ad. remotely, from a great distance 
Afe'ard, a. afraid, terrified, daunted 
Affabil'ity, s. courteousness ; condescension 
Affable, a. easy of manners, benign, mild 
Af'fableness, s. civility ; condescension 
Affably, ad. courteously, kindly, civilly 
AfFa'ir, s. business, concern, transaction 
Affe'ct, s. affection ; sensation ; quality 
Affe'ct, v. a. to influence the passions j to 

make a show of something 
Affecta'tion, s. an artificial appearance 
Affect'ed,/>tfrf. a. moved, afflicted ; conceited 
Affect'edly, ad. conceitedly, hypocritically 
Affect'edness, s. silly pride, conceit 
ASec't'mgy part, moving ; imitating 
Affec'tion, s. love, kindness, zeal ; habit 
Affec'tionate, a. warm, tender, benevolent 
Affectionately, ad. tenderly, benevolently 
Affect'ive, a. that which affects ; moving 
AflVance, s. a contract ; reliance, hope, con- 
fidence, generally in a religious sense 
AflVance, v. a. to betroth, to bind by promise 
Affida'vit, s. a deposition on oath 
Affi'ed, part . a. joined by contract 
Affiliation, s. the adoption of a son 
Aff'inage, s. the act of refining metals 
Affi/ned, a. relating to another 
Affin'ity, s. relation by marriage opposed to 

consanguinity ; resemblance to 
Affi'rm, v. a. to declare, to tell confidently 
Affirm'able, a. that may be affirmed ; true 
Affirma'tion, s . confirmation, declaration 
Affirm'ative, a. that affirms or declares 
Affirmatively, ad. positively, absolutely 
Affix', v. a. to unite, to subjoin, to fasten 
Affla'tion, s. the act of breathing upon 
Affii'ct, v. a. to grieve, trouble, torment 
Affliction, s. sorrow, calamity, misery 
Afflictive, a. painful, tormenting 
Affluence, s. riches, plenty, abundance 
Affluent, a. wealthy, abundant, exuberant 
Afflu'x, Afflux'ion, s. the act of flowing ; 
that which flows from one place to another 
Affo'rd, v. a. to yield, or produce ; to grant j 

to be able to bear certain expenses 
Affra'nchise, v. a. to make free 
Affra'y, v. a. to strike with fear, to terrify 

A G G 



Affra'y, s. a quarrel, disturbance, tumult 
Affri'ght, v. a. to alarm, confuse, terrify 
Affri'ght, Affrigflt'ment, s. terror, fear 
Affro'nt, s. outrage, insult, disgrace 
Affro'nt,?;. a. to insult, to provoke, to offend 
Affront'ive, a. injurious, abusive 
AfFu'se, v. a. to pour one thing on another 
Affu'sion, s. the act of affusing 
Affy', v. a. to betroth, to trust in, to confide 
Afie'ld, ad. to or in the field, out of doors 
Aflo'at, ad. borne up by the water ; moving 
Afoo't, ad. on foot ; in action, in motion 
Afo're, prep, before, sooner in time 
Afo'rehand, ad. previously prepared, or fitted 
Afo'resaid, a. said before, named before 
Afra'id, part. a. struck with fear, terrified 
Afre'sh, ad. anew, over again, once more 
Af'tev,prep. behind...^, following another ; 
in pursuit of ; in imitation of ; in suc- 
ceeding time 
Aftermath, j. the second crop of grass 
Afternoo'n, s. time from noon to evening 
Af terpains, /. pains after child-birth 
Afterthought, s. reflections formed after 

the act ; expedients formed too late 
Afterwards, ad. in succeeding time 
A'ga, s. a Turkish military officer of rank 
Aga'in, ad. a second time, once more ; more- 
over ; in return ; on the other hand 
Aga'inst, prep, in contradiction to ; in op- 
position to ; to the hurt of another 
Aga'pe, ad. staring eagerly, or with surprise 
Aga'st, or Agha'st, a. struck with terror, 

frightened ; staring with amazement 
Ag'ate, ;. the lowest sort of precious stone 
Ag'aty, a. partaking of the nature of agate 
Age, f. any period of time ; generation of 
men ; an hundred years ; maturity ; de- 
cline of life 
A'ged, a. advanced in years, old, ancient 
A'gency, s. action ; managing another's affairs 
A'gent, j. a deputy, a substitute, a factor 
Aggela'tion, j. concretion of ice 
Aggenera'tion, s. a growing to another body 
Agglomerate, v. a. to gather up in a ball 
Agglu'tinate, v. n. to unite together 
Agglutination, s. union, cohesion 
Ag'grandize, v. a. to enlarge, to exalt, to 

advance in power, honour, or rank 
Aggrandizement,*, bemgexalted or preferred 
Aggravate, v. a. to make worse ; to provoke 
Aggravation, s. a provocation ; exciting to 

anger ; the act of aggravating 
Aggregate, a. framed by the collection of 

sundry parts into one body or mass 
Ag'gregate, s. the collected sum of various 

quantities ; the sum total of an account 
Ag'gregate, v. a. to add or heap together 
Aggregation, s. the state of being collected 
Aggre'ss, v. a. to assault or injure first 

Aggres'sion, s. the commencing a quarrel 
Aggress'or, s. one v?ho first assaults another 
Aggrie'vance, s. hardship, injury, wrong 
Aggrie've, v. a. to vex, to injure, to harass 
Aggrieved, part, afflicted, injured 
Aggro'up, v- a. to bring into one view 
A'gile, a. nimble, ready, active, light 
A'gileness, s. quickness, activity, nimbleness 
Agil'ity, s. activity, speed, readiness 
Agi'st, v. a. to let cattle feed in pasture 

grounds at so much per week 
A'gitate, v. a. to shake ; revolve in the mind 
Agita'tion, s. the act of shaking any thing; 
violent motion ; perturbation of the mind ; 
controversial examination 
A'gitative, a. having the power to agitate 
Agna'tion, s. descent from the same father 
Agni'tion, s. an acknowledgment 
Agni'ze, v. a. to confess ; to acknowledge 
Ago', ad. in time past ; as, long ago 
Ago'g, ad. in a state of longing •, a low word 
Ago'ing, part. a. in action, moving 
Agonist'es, s. a prize fighter, a gladiator 
Ag'onize, v. n. to be in extreme pain 
Ag'ony, s. pangs of death ; anguish 
Agrarian, a. relating to fields or grounds 
Agre'e, v. to accord, to concur, to settle 
Agree'able, a. pleasing ; conformable to 
Agree'ableness, s. the quality of pleasing 
Agree'ably, ad pleasingly ; consistently 
Agre'ed, part. a. settled by mutual consent 
Agree'ment, s. concord ; compact ; bargain 
Agriculture, s. tillage, husbandry 
Agriculturist, s. a husbandman, a farmer 
Ag'rimony, s. a name for the plant liverwort 
Agro'und. ad. run ashore ; stranded 
A'gue, s. an intermitting fever, with cold fits 
Ah, Inter, denoting contempt, or pity 
Aha, inter, a word intimating triumph and 

Ahea'd, ad. furthest on ; precipitantly 
Aid, v. a. to succour, to assist, to relieve 
Aid, Aid'ance, s. help, support, assistance 
A'idant, A'iding, a. helping, assisting 
Aid-de-ca'mp, f. a military officer attendant 

on a general, to convey orders, &c 
A'idless, a. friendless, unsupported 
Ail, v. to be in pain, or suffer sickness 
jA'iling, pari. a. disordered, unhealthy 
| Ai'lment, s. pain, disease, affliction 
Aim, v. to direct towards a mark, to guess 
Aim, /. direction, endeavour, design 
Air, i. the element in which we breathe ; a 

tune or melody ; the mien of a person 
Air, v. a. to expose to the air ; to warm 
ij Air-balloo'n, s. see Balloon 
, A'inly, ad. gaily, briskly, merrily 
[ i A'iriness, s. gaiety ; exposure to the air 
A'iring, s. a jaunt or short excursion to etT- 
joy the air 

A L I 


■A'irless, a. wanting air, close 

A'ir-pump, s. a machine by which the air is 

drawn out of certain vessels 
A'iry, a. belonging to the air ; gay, sprightly 
Aisle, Aile, :. a walk in a church 
Ait, s. a small island in a river 
Aki'n, a. related to ; resembling ; alike 
Al'abaster, s. a species of soft, white marble 
Alac'-rity, s. willingness, readiness, briskness 
A-la-mo'de, ad. according to the fashion 
Ala'rm, v. a. to call to arms ; to surprise 
Ala'rm, s. a notice of danger ; sudden terror 
Alarm'ing, part, frightful : giving alarm 
Ala'rmpost, s. the spot to which each regi- 
ment is to repair in case of alarm 
Ala'rum, s. a clock ; an alarm bell 
Ala's, Ala'ck, inter, denoting pity or grief 
Alb, s. a Romish priest's surplice 
Albei't, ad. although, notwithstanding 
Al'bion, s. the ancient name of Britain 
Alca'id, j. the name of a civil officer in Spain 
Alchym'ical, a. relating to alchymy 
Al'chymist, s. a professor of alchymy 
Al'chymy, s. occult chymistry ; a metal 
Al'cohol, s. the substance of any body re- 
duced into a fine impalpable powder ; a 
pure rectified spirit 
Al'coran, j. the book which contains the 
precepts of the Turkish religion, as in- 
stituted by their prophet Mahomet 
Alco've, s. a recess to sit or lie in 
Al'der, s. a tree resembling the hazel 
Al'derman, s. an incorporated magistrate 
Al'dern, a. made of alder wood 
Ale, i. a liquid made by infusing malt and 

hops in hot water 
A'leconner, s. an officer whose duty is to 

oblige publicans to use just measures 
Al'egar, s. sour ale which has lost its spirit 
A'lehoof, s. groundivy ; once used for hops 
A'lehouse, j. a house where malt liquor is sold 
Alem'bic, s. a vessel used in distilling 
Ale'rt, a. watchful, vigilant, brisk, nimble 
Alert'ness, s. sprightliness, briskness 
Al'etude, s. bulkiness ; fatness ; heaviness 
Alexan'drine, s. a verse of twelve syllables 
Alexiphar'mic, Alexiter'ic, a. that which 
acts as an antidote to poison, or infection 
Al'gebra, s. a literal arithmetic 
Algebra'ic, Algebra'ical, a. pertaining to 

Algebra'ist, s. one well versed in algebra 
Al'gid, a. cold, extremely cold, chill 
Algid'ity, Al'gor, s. dullness, coldness 
Algorithm, s. the science of numbers 
Alguazil, x. a Spanish bailiff or constable 
A'lias, ad. otherwise...*, in law, a writ' 
Al'ible, a. nutritive ; nourishing 
A'lien, s. a foreigner, a stranger 
Al'ienable, a. that may be transferred 

Al'ienate, v. a. to transfer to another ; to 

withdraw the affections 
Al'ienate, a. estranged or withdrawn from 
Aliena'tion, s. the act of transferring jchange 

of affection ; mental derangement 
Ali'ght, v. n. to descend, to come down, to 

Ali'ke, ad. with resemblance ; equally 
Al'iment, s. food, nutriment, support 
Aliment'al, a. nourishing, nutritive 
Aliment'ary, a. that which belongs to aliment 
Alimo'nious, a. that which nourishes 
Al'imony, s. that part of an estate appropri- 
ated to support a wife when separated 
from her husband, unless criminally so 
Al'iquant, a. any portion of a given number, 
which multiplied or diversified in any pos- 
sible manner, will still make more or less 
than that given number exactly, as 3 is an 
aliquant of ro,thrice3 being 9, four times 
3 making 12 
Al'iquot, s. any portion of a given number 
which, being multiplied, will amount to 
that given number exactly 
Ali've, a. not dead ; active, sprightly 
Al'kahest,j. an universal dissolvent, a liquor 
Al'kali, s. the fixed salt of any body 
Al'kaline, a. having the quality of alkali 
Alkal'izate, v. a. to make alkaline 
Al'kanet, s. the name of a plant 
Alker'mes, s. a confection made of the scar- 
let grains called kermes 
All, a. the whole number or quantity ; eve- 
ry one. All is much used in composition 
Alla'y, v. a. to temper one metaL with an- 
other for coining ; to compose, to pacify 
Alla'y, s. any baser metal mixed with a su- 
perior kind to harden it ; any thing which, 
being added, lessens the value of that with 
which it is mingled 
Allecta'tion, s. an alluring ; an enticing 
Allegation, s. an affirmation, excuse, plea 
Alle'ge,i>. a. to declare, to maintain, to plead 
Alle'geable, a. that which may be alleged 
Alle'ged, part, given, asserted, pleaded 
Alle'giance, s. the duty of a subject 
Alle'giant, a. loyal, conformable to allegiance 
Allegor'ical, a. not real, not literal 
Al'legory, s. in rhetoric, a figurative manner 
of speech, by which instruction or infor- . 
mation is meant to be conveyed 
Alle'gro, s. a sprightly motion in music ; gay 
Allema'nde, s. a grave or slow piece of music 
Alle'viate, v. a. to ease, to soften 
Allevia'tion, s. that by which any pain is di- 
minished, or any fault extenuated 
Al'ley, s. any narrow passage, or walk 
Alli'ance, s. relation by marriage, or kin- 
dred ; a league or contract with foreign 
powers j similarity of qualities 

A L O 


A M A 

Alli'es, s. states who have entered into a 

league for their mutual defence 
Aliiga'tion, s. the act of tying together ; that 
rule of arithmetic which teaches to adjust 
the price of articles compounded of ingre- 
dients of different value 
Alliga'tor, :. a crocodile ; a kind of pear 
Alli'sion, s. the act of striking together 
Alliteration, s. the beginning two or more 

words with the same letter 
Allocation, s. act of placing or adding to 
Allocu'don, ;. the act of speaking to another 
AUoMial, Allo'diau, a. independent ; held 

without acknowledgment of superiority 
Allonge, s. in fencing, a pass or thrust 
Ailo't, v. a. to parcel out, to distribute ; grant 
Aiiot'ment, s. the part given to any one 
Allo'w, v. a. to admit or acknowledge any 
position ; to permit, yield, or grant ; to 
make an abatement in selling 
Allow able, a. that may be permitted, lawful 
Aliow'ance, /. indulgence, pension, sanction, 
licence ; a rate or appointment for any use ; 
a deduction 
AUo'y, s. more properly Alla'y, which see 
Aliu'de,?;. a. to hint at, to insinuate, refer to 
Allu'minate, v. a. to decorate or adorn 
Allu're, v. a. to entice, to decoy, to wheedle 
Allu're, s. something set up to entice birds 
Allu'rement, /. enticement, temptation 
Allu'sion, s. a reference, hint, implication 
Allu'sive, a. hinting at something 
Ally', v. a. to unite by friendship or kindred 
Ally', s. a friend, a confederate, a relation 
Al'manac, s. an annual callendar 
Ai'mandine, j, a kind of inferior ruby 
Almi'ghty, a. of unlimited power, omnipo- 
tent...*, the Divine Being ; God 
Alm'ond,;. the fruit of the almond tree 
Alm'onds of the throat, improperly called al- 
monds of the ears, are two small glands 
on the sides of the basis of the tongue 
Aim'oner, s. the officer of a prince employ- 
ed in the distribution of charity 
Alm'onry, s. the place where alms are given 
Almc'st, ad. nearly, near, well nigh 
Alms, s. any thing given to relieve the poor 
Alms'nouses, s. houses built gratuitously 

for the poor 
Al'oes, s. a medicinal gum extracted from a 
tree of that name ; there are two kinds, 
the best called succotrine aloes ; the infe- 
rior, tone aloes 
Aloet'ic, Aloet'ical, a. consisting of aloes 
Alo'ft, ad. on high ; in the air ; above 
Al'ogy, s. absurdity, unreasonableness 
Alo'ne, a. without company, solitary 
Along, ad. at length ; onward, forward 
Aloo'f, ad. at a distance ; it is sometimes, 
but erroneously, said to mean, to the 'wind j 

Alo'peey, /. the falling off the hair 
Alou'd, ad. loudly, with much noise 
Ai'pha, s. the first letter in the Greek al- 
phabet, answering to our A; it is there- 
fore used to signify, theftrjt or hlghe:t 
Ai'phabet, s. the letters of any language 
j Alphabet'icai, a. according to the order of 

the alphabet 
i Alread'y, ad. now, at this time ; so soon 
i Al'so, ad. likewise ; in the same manner 
j Al'tar, s. the table in christian churches 

where the communion is administered 
J Al'ter, v. to change, to reform, to vary 
I Al'terable, a. that which may be changed 
Alterant, a. that which produces a change 
Altera'tion, /. the ace of altering or chang- 
ing ; the change made 
Alt'erative, a. medicines called alterative^ 
are such as imperceptibly improve the 
constitution from sickness to health 
Alterca'rion, s. debate, controversy, wrangle 
Alter'nate, a. by turns, one after another 
Aiter'nately, ad. by turns, mutually 
Aiterna'tion, /. reciprocal succession 
Aiter'native, s. the choice given of one of 
two things, so that if one is rejected the 
other must be taken 
Altho'ugh, ad. notwithstanding, however 
Altirr/etry, s. the art of measuring heights 
Altis'onant, a. high sounding, pompous 
Altitude, s. height of a place ; elevation of 

a heavenly body above the horizon 
Alf'o, s. the upper or counter-tenor. ..a, high 
Altogether, ad. completely, entirely 
Ai'um, s. a mineral salt, of an acid taste 
Alu'minous, a. consisting of alum 
Al 'wsys, ad. perpetually, constantly 
Amabil'ity, s, loveliness ', power of pleasing 
Ama'in, ad* with vehemence, fiercely 
Amal'gam, s. a mixture of metals 
Amalgamate, v. a. to mix or unite metals 
Amand'j v. to send away, to remove 
Amanda'tion, s. the act of sending away 
Amanuen'sis, s. a clerk or secretary, who 

writes what another dictates 
Am'aranth, .?. the name of a plant ; in poe- 
try, an imaginary flower that never fides 
Amaranthine, a. consisting of amaranths 
Amar'itude, Amar'ulence, s. bitterness 
Amass'ment, s. an accumulation, a heap 
Ama'ss, v. a. to collect together, to heap up 
Am ateur, s. a virtuoso ; a lever of the arts 
Am'atory, a. relating to or causing love 
Amauro'sis, s. a dimness of sight occasion- 
ing the appearance of flies or dust floating 
before the eyes 
Ama'ze,v. a. to surprise,astcnish,toccnfu.e 
Arca'ze, s. astonishment ; confusion 
Ama'zement, s. confused apprehension; 
fear, wonder at any event ; admiration 

A M 



Ama'zing, part. a. wonderful, astonishing 
Ama'zingly, ad. astonishingly, wonderfully 
Am'azoii, s. the Amazons v/ere a race of 

women famous for valour ; a virago 
Amba'ges, s. circumlocution ; tediousness 
Ambassador, Embassador, s. a person sent 
as the representative of a prince or state 
on any public business to a foreign country 
Ambassadress, s. the lady of an ambassador 
Am'bassage, Am'bassade, s. a mission 
Am'ber, s. a yellow transparent gum of a 

resinous taste ; a kind of pale ale 
Am'bergris, s. a fragrant drug, used as a per- 
fume and a cordial 
Ambidex'ter, s. a person that can use both 
hands alike ; a knave who plays on both 
sides ; in law, a juror who receives a bribe 
from both parties for his verdict 
Ambidex'trcus, a. double dealing, deceitful 
Am'bient, a. compassing; surrounding, par- 
ticularly applied to the air which sur- 
rounds all bodies ; investing 
Ambifa'rious, a. having a double meaning 
Ambiguity, s. obscurity of words *, double 

meaning ; uncertainty of signification 
Ambig'uous, a. doubtful, mysterious 
Ambig'uously, ad. in a doubtful manner 
Ambig'uousness, s. uncertainty of meaning 
Ambil'oquy, s. use of doubtful expressions 
Am'bit, s the line that encompasses or en- 
circles any thing 
Ambi'tion, ;. an earnest desire of prefer- 
ment, honour, or power : great pride 
Ambi'cious, a aspiring, proud, vain 
Am'ble, v. n. to move easily* to pace, to trip 
Ambro'sia, s. the name of a plant ; in poeti- 
cal language, the food of the gods 
Ambro'sial, a. possessing the qualities of 

ambrosia ; fragrant, delicious 
Ambulation, s. the aft of walking 
Ambusca'de, Ambusca'do, Am'bush, s. a 
private post in which men lie to surprise 
an enemy ; the act of lying in wait to 
surprise any enemy 
Am'el, s. the matter used for enamelling 
Ame'n, ad. may it be so ; verily 
Ame'nable, a. responsible, answerable to 
Ame'nance, /. conduct, behaviour, mien 
Ame'nd, v. to reform, grow better, correct 
Amend'ment, „'. a reformation of life ; a 
change for the better ; recovery of health 
.Ame'ndsj s. recompense, satisfaction 
Amen'ity, s. pleasantness of situation 
Araer'ce, v. a. to punish by fine or penalty 
Amercement, Amerciament, s. a pecuniary 

fine or penalty 
Am'ethyst, s. a precious stone of a violet 

colour, supposed to hinder drunkenness 
A'miable, a. lovely, pleasing, charming 
A'miableness, s. agreeableness, loveliness 

Amicable, a. friendly, kind, obliging 

Amicably, ad. in a friendly way 

Amice, s. the undermost part of a Romish 

priest's shoulder-cloth, or alb 
Ami'd, Ami'dst, ad. in the middle, amongst 
Ami'ss, ad. faultily, criminally, wrong 
Ami'ssion, s. loss, deprivation, dismission 
Ami't, v. n. to lose, to drop, to dismiss 
Amity, f. friendship, love ; harmony 
Ammo'niac, s. the name of an Indian gum 
Ammunition, s. military stores 
Am'nesty, s. an act of general pardon 
Amo'ng, Amo'ngst, prep, mingled with 
Am'orist, Amoro'so, s. a gallant, a lover 
Am'orous, a. disposed to love, enamoured 
Am'orously, ad. lovingly, fondly, kindly 
Amo'rt, a. dull, heavy, dejected, spiritless 
Amo'tion, s. the act of putting away 
Amo'unt, v. n. to rise in value, to increase 
Amo'unt, s. the sum total, whole, result 
Amo'ur, s. an affair of gallantry ; an intrigue 
Amphibious, a. that which partakes of two 

natures, so as to live in air or water 
Amphibol'ogy, s. a double speech 
Amphibolous, a. tossed about ; doubtful 
Amphis'cii, /. those people who inhabit the 

torrid zone, whose shadows fall both ways 
Amphitheatre, s. a building in a circular or 

oval form for public amusements, with 

seats one above another, and an area in 

the middle 
Am'ple,tf. large, wide, liberal, diffusive 
Am'pleness, s. largeness, extent, liberality 
Am'pliate, v. a. to enlarge, to extend 
Ampliation, /. diffuseness, enlargement 
Ampriflcate, v. a. to enlarge, to spread out 
Amplification, j. enlargement, extension 
Am'plify, v. a. to enlarge, to exaggerate 
Am'plitude, s. extent, largeness, capacity j 

in astronomy, an arch of the horizon 
Am'ply, ad. largely, liberally, copiously 
Am'putate, v. a. to cut off a limb 
Amputa'tion, s. the act of cutting off a limb 

or other part of the body 
Am'ulet, s. an appendant remedy or preven- 
tive, always worn about the person 
Amu'se, v. a. to entertain, to divert, deceive 
Amu'sement, /. a pastime or entertainment 
Amu'sing, part, entertaining, pleasing 
Amyg'dalate, a. made of almonds 
A'na, ad. in the same quantity, equally 
Anabap'tist, s. one of a religious sect who 
assert that baptism is improper till the 

person is of an age to answer for himself 
Anacamp'tic, a. any thing reflected ; an echo 
Anac'horete, Anac'horite, s. an hermit 
Anac'hronism, s. an error in computing the 

time of any great event 
Anacla'tics, s. the science or doctrine of re- 
' fracted lights or vision ; dioptrics 



A N N 

Anacreon'tic, a. any thing having a relation 

to the ancient poet Anacreon 
Anadiplo'sis, s. reduplication } a figure in 

rhetoric, a repetition 
Anagoget'ital, a. religiously mysterious 
An'agram, s. a transposition of the letters of 
a sentence or a word, so as to form other 
Anagram'matist, s. a composer of anagrams 
An'alect, s. fragments collected from authors 
Analeptic, a. restorative, strengthening 
Anal'ogy, s. resemblance, proportion, simi- 
larity of one thing to another 
Anal'ysis, s. a separation of any compound 
body into the parts of which it is formed ; 
the chymical reduction of metals, mine- 
rals, &c. to their original principles 
Analy'tic a. belonging to analysis 
An'alize, v. a. to resolve into first princi- 
ples ; to reduce to its primitive parts 
Anamorpho'sis, s. a perspective projection, 
so made, that in one point of view an ob- 
ject shall appear deformed, and in anoth- 
er an exact representation 
Ana'nas, s. the pine apple 
Anaph'ora, s. in rhetoric, when several 
clauses of a sentence are begun with the 
same word 
An'arch, s . an author of confusion 
An'archy, s. a want of government ; disor- 
der, confusion, chaos, tumult 
Anasarc'a, s. a kind of dropsy 
Anastomo'sis, j. the inosculation of vessels 
Anas'trophe, s. a figure whereby words that 

should have preceded are postponed 
Anath'ema, 1. an ecclesiastical curse 
Anathem'atize, v. a. to pronounce accursed 

by ecclesiastical authority 
Anat'omist, s. one skilled in anatomy 
Anat'omy, s. the art of dissecting any animal 

body to discover exactly its structure 
An'cestors, s. predecessors, forefathers 
An'cestry, s. lineage, descent, birth 
Anch'or, s . an iron instrument, which, being 
fixed in the ground by means of the ca- 
ble, keeps a ship from driving 
Anch'or, v. a. to drop the anchor, to fix on 
Anch'orage, s. ground for anchoring in ; a 

duty paid for leave to anchor 
Anch'oret, Anch'orite, s. see Anachorete 
Ancho'vy, s. a small sea fish, pickled 
A'ncient, a. old, of old time, long since 
A'ncient, s. the bearer of a flag, an ensign 
A'nciently, ad. in old times, formerly 
A'ncientry, s. dignity of birth, high lineage 
A'ncients, s. men who lived in old times ; 

formerly, certain flags in a ship 
And, can. the particle by which sentences 

or terms are joined 
Andan'te,^, in music, moderately 

3. 2. 

And'iron, s. irons fixt to the end of a fire- 
grate, in which the spit turns 
Andro'ginal, a. partaking of both sexes 
An'ecdote, s. a biographical incident 
Anem'one, s. the wind flower 
An'eurism, s. a disease of, or wound in, an 

artery, by which it becomes dilated 
Ane'w, ad. over again, repeatedly 
Anfractuous, a. intricate, winding, mazy 
A'ngel, s. a celestial spirit ; an heavenly 

being ; a gold coin worth about lOs. 
Angel'ica, s. the name of a plant 
Angel'ical, Angel'ic, a. heavenly, like angels 
An'ger, s. resentment, rage ; pain of a sore 
An'ger, v. a. to provoke, to enrage 
Angi'na, s. a disorder called the quinsy 
Angiography, s. a description of vessels in 
the human body ; the nerves, arteries, &c» 
An'gle, s. a point where two lines meet ; an 

instrument to take fish 
An'gle, v. n. to fish with a fishing-rod 
An'glicism, /. an English idiom or expression 
An'gry, a. provoked, enraged ; inflamed 
An'guish, s excessive pain of mind or body 
An'guiar, a. having corners or angles 
Anhela'tion, s. the act of panting 
Animadver'sion, s. observation, remark, re- 
proof, blame, censure 
Animadve'rt, v. a. to examine into, to re- 
mark or criticise, to reprove 
An'imal,^. a body endued with life, motion 

and sense.. .a. not spiritual 
Animal'cule, s. a very small animal 
An'imate, v. a. to quicken, to give life to 
An'imate, a. living ; possessing life 
An'imated, part, lively, brisk, vigorous 
Animation, s. the act of animating; tire 

state of being enlivened 
An'imative, a. tending to animate ; brisk 
Animos'ity, ;. aversion, hatred, malignity 
An'ise, s. a species of parsley 
Ank'er, s, a vessel containing ten gallons 
An'kle, s. the joint between the foot and leg; 
An'nalist, s. a writer of annals 
An'nals, s. histories digested into years 
An'nats, s. first fruits ; annual masses- 
Anne'al, v. a. to temper glass ; to bake 
Anne'x, v. a. to unite, to join, to connect 
An'nex, s. the things subjoined or annexed 
Annihilate, v. a. to annul, to destroy 
Annihilation, s. the act of destroying 
Anniversary, s. an annual or yearly festiva T 

or commemoration. ..a. annual 
An'no Dom'ini, s. in the year of our Lord 
Annotation, s. an explanation, a note 
An'notator, s. a commentator, a critic 
Anno'unce^-y. a. to publish, to proclaim 
Anno'y, v. a. to injure, to molest, to vex 
Annoyance, s. that which hurts or aanoys 
Annoy'er , x. one. who injures er molests 




An'nual, «. that which comes once a-year 
An'nually, ad. year by year ; yearly 
Annuitant, s. one who has an annuity 
Annu'ity, s. a yearly allowance for life 
Anuu'l, v. a. to abrogate, to abolish, to repeal 
An'nular, a. having the farm of a ring 
Annulet, s. a little ring ; a mark in he- 
raldry ; in architecture, the small square 
members in the Doric capital, under the 
quarter round, are called annulets 
Annu'merate, v. a, to add to, to include 
Annumera'tion, s. addition to a number 
Annun'ciate, v. a. to relate, to bring tidings 
Annuncia'tion-day, j. the day celebrated by 
the church in commemoration of the an- 
gel's salutation of the Virgin Mary, being 
the 25th of March 
An'odyne, a. mitigating pain, assuaging 
Ano'int, v. a. to rub with oil, to consecrate 
Anom'alism, Anom'aly, /. irregularity 
Anorn'aious, a. irregular, out of rule 
Ano'n, ad. quickly, soon, shortly 
Anon'ymous, a. without a name, unknown 
Ano'ther, a. not the same ; one more 
An'swer, v. a. to reply to ; to resolve 
An'swer, s. a reply, a confutation, a solution 
An'swerable, a. that to which a reply may 

be made ; obliged to give an account 
Ant, s. an emmet, a pismire, a small provi- 
dent insert 
Antagonist, s. an opponent, an adversary 
Antarc'tic, a. relating to the southern pole 
An'te, a Latin particle signifying before 
Antece'de, v. n. to go before, to precede 
Antece'dence, s. the act of going before 
Antecedent, a. going before, preceding 
Antecedent, s. that which goes before; the 

noun to which the relative is subjoined 
An'techamber, s. the chamber adjoining, or 

leading to the principal apartments 
Antedate, v. a. to date before the real time 
Antedilu'vian, a. existing before the deluge 
An'telope, s. a kind of goat with curled or 

wreathed horns 
Antemeridian, s. before noon, morning 
Antemun'dane, a. that which was before the 

creation of the world •, eternal 
An'tepast, s. anticipation, foretaste 
An'tepenult, s. the last syllable but two in 

any word, as te in antepenult 
Antepilep'tic, s. a medicinal preparation a- 

gainst convulsions 
Ante'rior, a. going before, previous, prior 
Anterior'ity, s. priority in time or situation 
Anth'em, s. a holy song or divine hymn 
Anthol'ogy,j. a collection of flowers, poems, 

or devotions 
Anthropoph'agi, s. cannibals, eaters of hu- 
man flesh 
Antic, a. whimsical, odd, ridiculously wild 

An'tic, s. a buffoon ; he that uses antics 
An'tichrist, s. an adversary to Christ 
Antichris'tian, a. opposite to Christianity 
Anticipate, v. a. to foretaste, to prevent 
Anticipation, s. the aft of taking up some 

thing before its time> prevention 
Antic'ly, ad. drolly, with odd gestures 
Anticli'max, a. a sentence in which the last 

part is lower than the first 
Anticonvulsive, a. good against convulsions 
Anticourt'ier, s. one that opposes the court 
Antido'tal, a. that which counteracts poison 
An'tidote, s. a medicine to expel poison 
.Antife'briie, a. good against fevers 
Antimonarch'ical, a. against monarchy 
Antimo'nial, a. made of antimony 
An'timony, s. a mineral substance, which 
destroys all metals fused with it but gold 
Antino'mians, s. a religious sect, who prefer 

mere faith to practical morality 
An'tinomy, j. a contradiction between two 

laws, or two clauses in the same law 
Antipathetical, a. having a natural contra- 
riety to any thing 
Antip'athy, s. a natural hatred, aversion, or 

dislike to anything 
An'tiphone, s. a hymn of praise 
Antiph'rasis, s. the use of words in a sense 

opposite to their proper meaning 
Antip'odal, a. relating to the antipodes 
Antip'odes, /. those people, who, living ex- 
actly on the opposite part of the globe, 
have their feet pointed against ours 
An'tipope, .>. one that usurps the popedom- 
Antiqua'rian, An'tiquary, s. one who studies 

antiquity; a collector of ancient things 
An'tiquate, v- a. to make obsolete 
Anti'que, a. ancient, old fashioned, odd 
Antr'que, s. a piece of antiquity, a relic 
Anti'quity, s. time past long ago, ancient- 

ness ; the people of old times 
Anti'scii, s. people who live under the same 
meridian of latitude, but different sides of 
the equator, being equally distant, the one. 
to the north, the other to the south ; they 
therefore have noon and midnight at the 
same time ; but while the one has sum- 
mer, the other has winter 
Antiscorbutic, a. good against the scurvy 
Antisep'tic, s. a medicine to prevent putre- 
Antistrophe, s. the second stanza of an ode 
Antithesis, s. opposition of words or sen- 
tences ; contrast 
Antitrinita'rian, s. one who denies the doc- 
trine of the Christian Trinity 
An'titype, s. the original, which is repre- 
sented by the type 
Antity'pical, a. that which explains the type 
Antler, s, the branch of a stag's horn 



A P P 

Antoe'ci, s. those inhabitants of the globe 
who live under the same longitude and 
latitude, but in different hemispheres 
Antonoma'sia, s. a form of speech, in which, 
instead of a proper name, the dignity is 
used, as a king is called his Majesty 
An'tre, /. a cave, a den, a cavern 
An'vil, /. an iron block, which smiths use 
Anxi'ety, Anx'iousness, s. perplexity ; soli- 
citude about any future event j depression 
of spirits, uneasiness 
Anx'ious, a. solicitous, much concerned 
A'ny, a. every, either, whosoever 
Ao'nian Mount, s. the fabled residence of the 

Muses ; the hill Parnassus 
A'orist, a. indefinite, indeterminate 
Aor'ta,j. the great artery which rises immedi- 
ately out of the left ventricle of the heart 
Apa'ce, ad. quickly, speedily, with haste 
Apa'rt, ad. separately, privately, at a distance 
Apart'ment, s. a part of a house, a room 
Ap'athy, s . a want of sensibility, coldness 5 

indolence, exemption from passion 
Ape, s . a kind of monkey, a mimic 
Ape, v- a. to imitate ludicrously, to mimic 
Ape'rient, a. that which has the quality of 

opening ; medicines gently purgative 
Apertion, ;. an opening, a passage, a gap 
Ap'erture, s. an open place, a gap . 
Apet'alous, a. without flower leaves 
A'pex, s. the tip or angular point of a thing 
Aphelion or Aphe'lium, s. that part cf a pla- 
net's orbit which is the most remote point 
from the sun 
Ayh'orism, s. a maxim, precept, general rule 
A'piary, ;. a place where bees are kept 
Apie'ce, ad. to each one share, separately 
A'pish, a. foppish, silly, insignificant 
Apoc'alypse, s. a revelation, a vision 
Apocalyptical, a. containing revelation 
Apoc'ope, s. cutting off the last syllable 
Apoc'rypha, s. books whose authors are not 

certainly known, adjoined to the bible 
Apoc'ryphal, a. not canonical, uncertain 
Apoc'ryphally, ad. uncertainly, doubtfully 
Apodic'tical, a. evident, demonstrative 
Ap'ogee, s. that point in the heavens in 
which the sun or any planet is at its great- 
est possible distance from the earth during 
its revolution 
Apologet'ical, a. defending, excusing 
Apol'ogize, v. a. to plead for, to excuse 
Ap'ologue, s. a moral tale, a fable 
Apol'ogy, /.a defence, an excuse, a plea 
Ap'ophthegm,;. a remarkable saying 
Apoplectic, a. relating to an apoplexy 
Ap'oplexy, s. a sudden deprivation of all 

sense and motion by a disease 
Apos'tacy, s. departure from the religion be- 
fore professed j dereliction 

Apostate, s. one who renounces his religion 
Apos'tatize, v. n. to change one's religion, 

to forsake one's principles 
Apos'tle, s. a person sent to preach the gos- 
pel, particularly those dispatched by our 
Saviour for that purpose 
Apos'trophe, s. in grammar, a mark thus (') 
signifying the contraction of any word, as 
can't, don't ; a sudden turn in a discourse 
Apoth'ecary, s. a person whose business is to 

prepare medicines for sale 
Ap'othegm, s. see Apophthegm 
Apothe'osis, s. the consecrating or deifying 

any person after death 
Ap'ozem, s. a decoction or infusion of herbs 
Appa'l,?;. a. to fright, to daunt, to terrify 
Ap'panage, s. lands for younger children 
Apparatus, s. any tools, furniture, or neces- 
sary instruments for any trade, &c. 
Appar'el, j. dress, clothing, vestments 
Appar'el, v. a. to dress, to deck, to cover 
Appa'rent, a. plain, evident, certain 
Apparently, ad. evidently* visibly, openly 
Appari'tion, s. appearance, a speclre 
Appar'itor, /. a low ecclesiastical officer 
Appe'ach, v. a. to impeach, to censure, to 

reproach, to accuse 
Appe'achment, s. an accusation, a charge 
Appe'al, s. an application for justice 
Appe'al, v. n. to refer to another as judge 
Appe'ar, v. a. to become visible, to be in 

sight, to be evident 
Appear 'ance, s. the act of coming into sight ; 
semblance, not reality ; show, probability 
Appea'se, v. a. to pacify, to calm, to recon- 
cile, to put in a state of peace 
Appe'asement, s. the state of being at peace 
Appel'iant, s. a challenger at arms ; one who 

appeals to a superior court 
Appellation, s. a name, title, term 
Appel'lative, s. names for a whole rank of 

beings are called appellative! 
Appel'latory, a. containing an appeal 
Appe'nd, v- a. to hang or join to, to add to 
Append'age, x. something added 
Appen'dant, s. an adventitious part 
j Appendant, Append'ed, a. hanging to, an- 
nexed, belonging to, concomitant 
Append'icate, v. a. to join to, to append 
Append'ix, s. supplement, addition made 
Appertain, v. n. to belong to, to depend upon 
Apper'tinentjtf. belonging or relating to 
I Ap'petence, s. a strong or sensual desire 
! Appetibil'ity, s. the state of being desirable 
j Ap'petible, a. engaging, desirable, good 
j Ap'petite, r. hunger, earnest desire of pleas- 
ure, violent longing 
j Applau'ri, v. a. to extol, praise, commend 
j Applau'se, s. approbation, praise 
' Ap'ple, s, a common fruit ; pupil of the eye 

A O U 


Applicable, a. suitable, proper, fit 
Applica'tion, s. the act of applying, intense 

study, great industry 
Applicative, Ap'plicatory, a. that applies 
Appli'er, Ap'piicant, j. a student 
Apply', v. to put one thing to another ; to 
study ; to address to ; to suit to ; to agree 
Appo'int, v. a. to determine, settle, equip 
Appointed, part, settled, agreed on, chosen 
Appoint'ment, s. astipulation, salary, post 
Apportion, v. a. to divide into just parts 
Appo'se, v. a. to question, examine, puzzle 
Ap'posite,«z. suitable, fit, well adapted to 
Ap'positely, ad. suitably, fitly, timely 
Apposition, j. addition of new matter 
Appra'ise, v. a. to value goods for sale 
Appra'isement, s. the act of valuing 
Appraiser, s. one who values or appraises 
Apprehe'nd, v. a. to seize on, to arrest ; to 

comprehend or understand, to fear 
Apprehen'sion, j.fear; conception j seizure 
Appiehen'sive, a. fearful ; sensible 
Apprentice, s. one bound by covenant to a 
tradesman or artificer, who engages to in- 
struct him fully in his art or mystery 
Apprenticeship, s. the term limited for the 

service of an apprentice 
Appreciate, -v. a. to estimate, to reckon. 
Appri'ze, v. a. to inform, to acquaint 
Appri'zed,p«r< informed, instructed 
Appro'ach, s. the act of drawing near to 
Appro'ach, v. a. to draw or bring near to 
Approbation, s. the act of approving 
Appropriate, v. a. to set apart, annex to, 

consign to any particular use 
Appropriation, s. the application of some- 
thing to a particular use or purpose 
Appro'vable, a. meriting approbation 
Appro'val, Approve'ment, s. approbation 
Appro've, v. a. to like or allow of ; to com- 
mend, to be pleased with 
Appro'ved, part, liked, tried, examined 
Approximate, a. near to, going to 
Approximation, s. approach to any thing 
Appu'lse, s. the act of striking against 
Appur'tenance, s. that which appertains to 

something else 
A'pricot, A'pricock, s. a wall fruit 
A'pril, s. the fourth month of the year 
A'pron, s. part of a woman's dress ; that 
which covers the touch-hole of a cannon 
to keep off the wet 
Apt, s. fit, ready, quick, qualified, inclined 
Aptitude, s. fitness, tendency, disposition 
Apt'ly, ad. properly, justly, readily, acutely 
Apt'ness, s. quickness of apprehension ; fit- 
ness, readiness, tendency, suitableness 
Aquafor'tis, s. a corrosive liquor made by 

distilling nitre with calcined vitriol 
Aquatic, a. growing or living in the water 

A'queduct, j. a conveyance made for carrying 

water from one place to another 
A'queous, a. watery, like water, thin 
A'quiline,fl. resemblingan eagle ; applied to 

the nose, curved or crooked 
Ar'abic, /. the language of the Arabians 
Ar'able, a. fit for tillage or ploughing 
Ara'neous, a. resembling a cobweb 
Ara'tion, Ar'ature, s. the act of ploughing 
Ar'atory, a. that which contributes to tillage 
Ar'balat, Ar'balist, .'. a cross bow 
Ar'hiter, s. an umpire to settle a dispute 
Arbitrament, s. decision, will, choice 
Arbitrarily, ad. absolutely, without control 
! Arbitrariness, j. tyranny, despotism 
| Arbitrary, a absolute, despotic, unlimited 
! Arbitrate, v a. to decide, determine, judge 
Arbitration, s- the decision of a cause ; the 
termination of aay dispute by persons mu- 
tually chosen by the parties 
Arbitrator, s. an umpire, a judge, a president 
Ar'borary, a. of or belonging to trees 
Arbo'reous, a. belonging to trees 
Ar'boret, s. a small tree or shrub 
Ar'borist, s. a naturalist who studies trees 
Ar'bour, s. a seat shaded with trees, a bower 
Ar'buscle, s. any small tree or shrub 
Ar'bute, s. the strawberry-tree 
Arca'de, s , a continuation of arches 
Arca'num, s. a mystery, a secret, a nostrum 
Arch, Arc, s. part of a circle ; the sky 
Arch, a. chief ; mirthful, waggish, lively 
Arch, v. a. to build or cover with arches 
Ar'chaism, s. an ancient phrase 
Archa'ngel, s. a chief angel ; a plant 
Archangel'ic, a. belonging to archangels 
Archbish'op, s. the principal of the bishops 
Archde'acon, s. a bishop's deputy 
Archde'aconry, Archde'aconship, s. the of- 
fice or jurisdiction of an archdeacon 
Archduch'ess, s. the wife of an archduke 
Archdu'ke, s. a sovereign prince, grand duke 
Arch'edj part, vaulted, formed like an arch 
Arch'er, s. one who fights with a bow 
Arch'ery, s. the art of using a bow 
Ar'chetypal, a. belonging to the original 
Ar'chetype, s. the original, pattern, model 
Archiepis'copal,<z. belonging to an archbishop 
Archipel'ago, s. any sea which abounds with 
small islands ; the most celebrated archi- 
pelago is situated between Asia,Macedon s 
and Greece 
Architect, s . a professor of the art of build- 
ing ; a surveyor, a designer 
Architec'tive, a. that performs the work of 

Architec'ture, s. the science of building 
Ar'chitrave, s. the main beam of a building ; 

ornamental part of a pillar 
Ar'chivesjJ. records; a place forr'ecofds 



Archprel'ate, s. a leading or chief prelate 
Archprest>yter, s. a chief presbyter 
Arc'tic, a. northern, towards the north 
Arc'tic circle, s. that circle at which the 
northern frigid zone commences, being 
23 degrees and 30 7 from the North Pole 
Arc'uate, v. a. to bend like an arch 
Arcus'tion, s. an arching, an incurvation 
Ar'dency, Ar'dentness, s. eagerness, zeal 
Ar'dent, a. zealous, affectionate ; fierce 
Ar'deutly, ad. eagerly, affectionately, fer- 
vently, zealously 
Ar'dour, s. warm affection, zeal, fervency 
Ar'Juous, a. difficult, laborious 
Are, the plural of the present tense of the 

verb to be 
A'rea, *- the superficial content of any 

thing; an open space before a building 
Arefac'tion, s. the state of growing dry 
Arena'cious, Arenc'se, a. sandy, full of sand I 
Ar'gent, a. silvery, white, shining like silver 
Ar'gil, s. potter's clay, fat, soft earth 
Argilla'ceous, Argil'lous, a. consisting of clay 
Ar'gol, s. the tartar or salt from wine lees 
Ar'gonauts, s. the companions of Jason in 

the ship ArgOf on the voyage to Colchis 
Argosy, j. a large merchant ship 
Ar'gue, v. a. to reason, to dispute, to debate 
Ar'gument, s. a controversy, the subject of 

any discourse or writing 
Argument'al, a. belonging to argument 
Argumentation, s. the act of reasoning 
Argumentative, a. replete with argument, 

disputatious, disposed to controversy 
Argu'te, a. subtle, witty, sharp, shrill 
A'rianism, '. the doctrine of Arius, who as- 
serted that Christ was not equal with the 
Father, nor even divine, but the first and 
greatest of created beings 
A'rid, a. dry, parched up, ploughed up 
Arid'ity,/. dryness ; insensibility in devotion 
A'ries, s. the ram ; a sign of the zodiac 
Ari'ght, ad. rightly, without mistake 
Ari'se, v. n . to rise up, to mount up 
Aristoc'racy, s. a form of government which 

lodges the supreme power in the nobles 
Aristocrat'ical, a. relating to aristocracy 
Arith'metic, s. the science of computation 
Arithmetical, a. according to the rule or 

method of arithmetic 
Arithmetician, s. one who professes the 

knowledge of arithmetic 
Ark, s. the name generally applied to that 
vessel in which Noah was preserved from 
the deluge 
Arm, j. the limb which reaches from the 
hand to the shoulder ; a branch of a tree ; 
an inlet of the sea 
Arm, v. to provide with or take up arms 
Arma'daj s. a large fleet of ships 

Armadil'lo, ;. a small animal like a hog 
Arm'ament, s. a naval force ; a storehouse 
Armil'lary, a. resembling a bracelet 
Armin'ianism, s. a doctrine so called from 
its founder Arminius, who contended for 
free-will, and universal redemption 
Armip'otentjtf. mighty in war, brave, bold 
Arm'istice, s. a short cessation of arms 
Arm'let, s. a small arm of the sea ; a bracelet 
Aimo'rial, a. belonging to the aims or es- 
cutcheons of a family 
Arm'ory, s. a place in which arms are de- 
posited for use ; ensigns armoiiai 
Arm'our, Arm'or, s. defensive arms to cover 

and defend the body 
Arm'ourer, s. one who makes or sells arms 
Arms, /. warlike weapons ; war in general ; 

the ensigns armorial of a family 
Ar'my, s. a large body of armed men 
i Aromat'ic, Aromat'ical, a. spicy, fragrant 

Arom'atize, v. a. to scent, to perfume 
J Aro'und, ad. prep, around, encompassing 
i Aro'use.-u. a. to awake, to raise up, to excite 
j Aro'w, ad. in a row, in a straight line 
I Aro'ynt, ad. be gone, depart, go away 
j Ar'quekuse, s. a hand-gun, a fusee 
I Arra'ck. s a spirit procured by distillation 
from a vegetable juice called teddy, which 
flows by incision out of the cocoa-nut tree 
i Arra'ign, v- a. to indict, to charge, to accuse 
I Arraignment, j. the act of accusing : a charge 
I Arra'nge, v. a. to set in order or place 
' Arrangement, s. the act of putting iu order 
Ar'rant, a. very tad, notorious, real 
Ar'ras, s. rich tapestry or hangings 
Arra'y, *. order of battle ; dress ; ranking 
Arra'y, v. a. to put in order,to deck, to dress 
Arre'ar, Arre'arage, s- that part of an ac- 
count which remains unpaid, though due 
Arre'st. r. a. to seize on \ to obstruct..../, a 

legal caption or seizure of the person 
Arre't, s. the decision of a sovereign court 
Arrie're, s. the rear of an army 
Arri'val, s. the act of coming to a place 
Arri've, v. n. to come to a place, to reach ts 
Ar'rogance, s. great pride, presumption 
j Ar'rogant, a, very proud, presumptuous 
Ar'rogantly, ad. haughtily, saucily, proudly 
Ar'rogate, v. a. to exhibit unjust claims, 
prompted only by pride ; to assume, boast 
Ar'row, s. a pointed weapon shot from a bow 
Ar'senal, s. a repository- or magazine for all 

kinds of military stores 
Ar'seuic, ;. a poisonous mineral 
ATt, s. science, skill, dexterity, cunning 
Ar'tery, .<. a canal or tube which conveys 
the blood from the heart to all parts of 
the body 
Art'ful, a. cunning, dexterous, artificial 
Art'fully, ad. cunningly, slily, with art 




Arthrit'ic, a gouty, relating to the joints 
Ar'tichoke, ;. an esculent plant 
Ar'ticle, s. one of the parts of speech ; a con- 
dition of a covenant ; a stipulation 
Ar'ticle, v. to settle the conditions of any 

agreement, to covenant with 
Artic'ulate,<z. distinct, plain, divided 
Artic'ulately, ad. distinctly, clearly 
Articula'iion, s. a joint or knot ; the act of 

forming words 
Art'ifice, s. trick, fraud, art or trade 
Artificer, s. an artist or manufacturer 
Artificial, a. made by art, not natural 
Artil'iery, s. weapons of war, cannon 
Artillery Company, j. a voluntary associa- 
tion of citizens, who are trained up in 
military exercises 
Art'izan, s. an artist, an inferior tradesman 
Art'ist, s. a professor of an art, a skilful man 
Art'less, a. unskilful, without art or fraud 
Art'lessly, ad. without art, naturally 
As, con. in the same manner, because 
Asafcet'ida, s. a gum of an offensive smell 
Asbest'os, s. a kind of fossil which may be 
split into threads and filaments, and which 
cannot be consumed by fire 
Asce'nd, v. to mount, to rise, to move high- 
er, to advance in excellence 
Ascend'ant, s. height, elevation. ..a. predo- 
minant, superior, overpowering 
Ascendency, s. influence, superiority 
Ascen'sion, s. the act of ascending or rising 
Ascen'sion-day, s. a festival ten days before 
Whitsuntide, in commemoration of our 
Saviour's ascension into heaven 
Asce'nt, s. the rising of an hill, an eminence 
Ascertain, v. a. to make certain, to establish 
Ascertainment, s. a fixed rule or standard 
Ascetic, s. a hermit, a devout person...«. em- 
ployed in devout exercises 
Asciti'tious, a. supplemental, additional 
As'cribe, v. a. to attribute to, to impute to 
Ash, s. a well-known tree so called 
Asha'med, a. abashed, confounded 
Ash'es, s. the dust of any thing burnt, as of 
wood,coals,&c. the remains of a dead body 
Asho're, ad. on shore, on the land, in safety 
Ash-lVednesday, s. the first day of Lent 
Ash'y, a. pale,'a whitish grey like ash colour 
Asi'de, ad. to one side, apart from the rest 
As'inary, As'inine, a. belonging to an ass 
Ask, v. a. to beg, to claim, to seek, to require 
Aska'nce,Aska'nt, ad. obliquely, on one side 
Ask'er, s. an inquirer ; an eft, a water newt 
Aske'w, ad. contemptuously, sideways 
Asla'nt, ad. obliquely, on one side 
Asle'ep, ad. sleeping> at rest 
Aslo'pe, ad. obliquely, with declivity 
Asp, s. a very venomous serpent ; a tree 
Asparagus, s. an esculent plant 

) As'pect, s. look, air, appearance, view 
Asp'en, j. a kind of poplar tree, the leaves Of 

which always tremble 
As'perate, v. a. to make rough or uneven 
Asperity, s. roughness, harshness of speech 
Aspe'rse, v. a. to slander, to censure 
Asper'sion, j. a sprinkling; censure, calumny 
Asphal'tic, a. gummy, bituminous 
As'phodel, s. a kind of plant, a day lily 
As'pic, s. a very venomous serpent 
As'pirate, v. a. to pronounce fully or strong 
Aspira'tion, s. an ardent wish or desire; the 

acl of pronouncing with full breath 
Aspi're, v. n. to aim at, to desire eagerly 
Asqui'nt, ad. obliquely, not in the straight 

line of vision 
Ass, s. an animal of burden ; a stupid fellow 
Assa'il, v. a. to attack, to assault ; to address 
Assa'ilant, s. one who attacks or invades 
Assass'in, Assass'inator, s. a secret murderer 
Assassinate, <v. a. to waylay, to murder 
Assau'lt, s. attack, hostile onset, storm 
Assault, v. a. to attack, to invade 
Assa'y, s. trial, examination...^, a. to try 
Assay'er, ;. one who assays metals, &c. 
Assemblage, s. a collection of things 
Assem'ble, v. to meet or call together 
Assem'bly, s. a company assembled, a ball 
Asse'nt, v. n. to agree to, to yield...*, consent 
Asse'rt, v. a. to affirm, to maintain, to claim 
Assertion, s. a positive affirmation 
Asse'ss, v. a. to charge with any certain sum 
Assess'ment, s. the acl of taxing or assessing 
Ass'ets, s. effects left by a deceased person 
with which his executor is to pay his debts 
Assevera'tion, s. a solemn protestation 
Ass'head, ;. a dunce, a blockhead 
Assidu'ity, s. diligence, close application 
Assid'uous, a. constant in application 
Assi'gn, v. n. to mark out, to appoint, to 

make over a right to another 
Assignable, a. that maybe transferred 
Assignation, s. an appointment, the trans- 
ferring any thing to another 
Assigned, s. one who is deputed to do any 

thing on behalf of others 
Assignment, s. an appointment, a transfer 
Assim'ilate, v. a. to convert to the same na- 
ture or use with another thing ; to bring 
to a likeness or resemblance 
Assi'stj v. a. to help, to succour, to aid 
Assistance, j. help, aid, relief, support 
Assi'ze. s. the sitting of judges to determine 
causes; an order respecting the price, 
weight, &c. of sundry commodities 
Asso'ciate, v. a. to unite, to join with 
Associate, /. a partner,companion, or sharer 
Association, s. an entering into an agree- 
ment with others in order to perform 
some aft ; a confederacy, a partnership 

A T L 



Asso'rt, v. a. to range in order, to class 
Assortment, s. a quantity properly arranged 
Asso't, v. a . to infatuate 
Assua'ge, v. a. to soften, to ease, to pacify 
Assua'gement, s. what mitigates or softens 
Assua'ger, s. one who pacifies or appeases 
Assua'sive, a. softening, mitigating, mild 
Assub'jugate, v. a. to subject to 
Assu'etude, s. accustomance, custom 
Assu'me,i;. a. to take, to claim, to arrogate 
Assu'ming, part . a. arrogant, haughty 
Assumption, s. the taking any thing to one's 

self; the thing supposed ,• a postulate 
Assump'tive, a. that which is assumed 
Assu'rance, s. confidence ; certainty ; want 
of modesty ; a contract ; security; firmness 
Assu're, v. a. to assert positively, to secure 
As'terisk, s. a little star (*) signifying, that 
some words or letters are wanting to com- 
plete the sentence, or serving as a refer- 
ence to a note at the bottom, or in the 
As'terism, s. a constellation of fixed stars 
Aste'rn, ad. a sea term, signifying behind 
Asth'ma, s. a disease of the lungs 
Asthmat'ic, Asthmat'ical, a. troubled with 

an asthma 
Aston'ish, v. a. to amaze, to confound 
Aston'ishment, s. amazement, surprise 
As'tragal, s. an ornament in architecture 
As'tral, a. relating to the stars, bright 
Astra'y, ad. out of the right way, wrong 
Astric'tion, s. the act of contracting parts 
Astri'de, ad. across, with legs open 
Astri'nge, v. a. to draw together, to bind 
Astrin'gent, a. binding, contracting, bracing 
Astrog'raphy, s. the art of describing stars 
As'trolabe, s. an instrument used to take the 

altitude of the sun or stars at sea 
Astrol'oger, s. one who pretends to foretel 

events by the aspects, &c. of the stars 
Astrol'ogy, s. the science of foretelling e- 

vents by the stars, planets, &c. 
Astronomical, a. belonging to astronomy 
Astron'omy, s. a science that teaches the 
knowledge of the heavenly bodies, their 
magnitudes, motions, distances, &c. 
As'tro-theol'ogy, /. divinity formed on the 

observation of the celestial bodies 
Asu'nder, ad. separately, in two parts 
Asylum* s. a refuge, a place of protection 
A'theism, s. the disbelief of a God 
A'theist, s. one who disbelieves the exist- 
ence of a God 
Atheist' belonging to atheism, impious 
Athir'st, ad. dry, thirsty, in want of drink 
Athlet'ic, a. strong, lusty, bony, vigorous 
Athwa'rt, ad. across, through ; wrong 
Atlan'tes, s. in architecture, the figures of 
men •r-beasts, supporting an edifice 

At'las, s. a collection of maps ; a rich kind 

of silk or stuff ; a mountain in Africa 
Afmosphere, s. the air that encompasses the 

solid earth on all sides 
At'om, At'omy, s. an extreme small particle 
Atom'ical, a. consisting of atoms, minute 
At'omist, s. one who maintains the doctrine 

of the atomical philosophy 
Ato'ne, v. to agree, to satisfy, to answer for, 

to appease, to expiate 
Ato'nement, s. agreement, concord, expiation 
Atrabila'rian, Atrabila'rlous, a. melancholy 
Atrament'al, Atrament'ous, a. inky, black 
Atro'cious, a. wicked, enormous, heinous 
Atro'ciously, ad. very wickedly, heinously 
Atro'city, s. horrible wickedness 
At'rophy, /. a disease in which what is taken. 

for food, cannot act as nourishment 
Atta'ch, v. a. to seize or lay hold on ; to 

win or gain over ; to fix one's interest 
Attach'ment, /. adherence, fidelity, regard 
Atta'ck, s. an assault on an enemy, an onset 
Atta'ck, v. a. to assault, to encounter, to 

impugn in any manner 
Atta'in, n>. to gain, to overtake, to arrive at 
Attainable, a. that which may be attained 
Attain'der, t. the act of attainting in law ; 

taint, soil, disgrace 
Attainment, s. an acquisition, a quality 
Atta'int, ix a. to dishonour, to corrupt 
Attemper, Attemp'erate, v. a. to mingle, 

to soften, to regulate, to proportion 
Atte'mpt, v. a. to try, to endeavour, to essay 
Atte'ndj-y. to wait for, or give attendance 
to ; to regard with attention ; to accompany 
Attendance, s. the act of waiting on another 
Attend 'ant, s. one who attends another...*?, 

accompanying as consequential 
Attention, s- the act of attending, close ap- 
plication of the mind to any thing 
Attentive, a. heedful, regardful, intent 
Atten'uant, a. making thin or slender 
Atten'uate, v. a. to make slender, to dilute 
Atte'st, v. a. to bear witness of, to invoke 
Attestation, s. testimony, witness, evidence 
At'tic, a. fine, elegant, just, elevated 
Atti're, s. clothes, dress, habit ; a stag's horns 
Atti're, -y. a. to dress, to habit, to array 
At'titude, 5. posture, gesture, action 
Attor'ney, s. one who is deputed to act and 
be responsible for another, particularly in 
affairs of law 
Attra'ct, v. a. to allure, draw to, to entice 
Attrae'tion, s- the power of drawing 
Attractive, a. inviting, alluring, enticing 
Attributable, a. that which may be ascribed 

or imputed 
Attribute, s. a quality inherent in a person 
or thing, as we say, omniscience, omni- 
presence, are attribute; of God 

A V O 


A W K 

Attribute, v. a, to impute or ascribe to 
Attrition, s. the act of wearing things by- 
rubbing one against another; slight grief 
for sin ; the lowest degree of repentance 
Attu'ne, v. a. to tune, to make musical 
Ava'il, v. a. to profit, to promote, to assist 
Available, a. profitable, advantageous, valid 
Avznt' -guard, s. the van or front of an army 
Av'arice, s. covetousness, niggardliness 
Avari'cious, a. covetous, greedy, mean 
Ava'st, ad . hold, stop, stay, enough 
Ava'unt, inter, begone ; word of abhorrence 
Au'burn, a. brown, of a fine tan colour 
Auc'tion, s. a public sale of goods by bidding 
Auctioneer, s. the manager of an auction 
Aucupa'tion, s. the act of bird-catching 
Auda'cious, a. impudent, daring, bold, saucy 
Auda'ciousness, Auda'city, s. boldness, im- 
pudence, spirit, rashness 
Aud'ible, a. that may be distinctly heard 
Aud'ience,j. an assemblage of persons to hear 
any thing; the reception of, or granting a 
hearing to a person •, an interview 
Au'dit, s. a final account...!;, a. to take a final 

account, to examine, to scrutinize 
Au'ditors of the Exchequer, s. officers who 

settle the Exchequer accounts 
Au'ditory, s. an assembly of hearers ; a place 

where lectures, &c are heard 
Ave'nge, v. a. to revenge, to punish 
Av'enue, s. an entrance to a place ; an alley 

or walk of trees leading to a house 
Aver', v. a. to affirm, to assert, to declare 
Av'erage, s. the mean, or medium of any- 
given quantities in commerce, a duty paid 
by merchants 
Aver'ment, s. establishment by evidence 
Aver'nat, s. a sort of grape 
Ave'rse, a. contrary to, not favourable to 
Aver'sion, s. hatred, dislike, antipathy 
Ave'rt, v. a. to turn aside, to keep off 
Aug'er,j.a carpenter's tool to bore holes with 
Aught, pron. any thing 

Augment, v. a. to increase, to add, to enlarge 
Augmenta'tion, s. the act of increasing 
Aug'ur, s. a soothsayer or diviner....^;, to 

guess, to conjecture by signs 
Aug'ury, s. the foretelling events to come by 

the flight, feeding, &c. of birds 
Augu'st, a. noble, grand, magnificent, holy 
Au'gust, s. the eighth month in the year 
A'viary, s. a place enclosed to keep birds 
Avid'ity, s. greediness, eagerness, anxiousness 
Aui'ic, a. belonging to a court, royal 
Auln, s. a French measure containing 48 

gallons ; likewise in length an ell 
Aunt, !. a father's or mother's sister 
Av'ocate, v. a- to call away, to call from 
Avoca'tion, s. the act of calling off or aside 
Avo'id, v. to shun, to escape, to retire 

Avoirdupo'is, s. a weight most commonly in 

use, containing 16 ounces to the pound 
Avola'tion, s. the act of flying away 
Avou'ch, v. a. to assert, to affirm, to justi- 
fy ...s. declaration, evidence 
Avo'w, v. a. to declare, to assert, to profess 
Avow'al, s. a positive or open declaration 
Aure'lia, s. a term used for the first change of 
a maggot before it becomes a fly ; chrysalis 
Au'ricle, s. the external ear; two appendages 

of the heart covering its two ventricles 
Auric'ula, /. a very beautiful flower 
Auric'ular, a. within hearing, told in secret 
Auriferous, a. having or producing gold 
Auro'ra, s. poetically, the morning ; an herb 
Auro'ra Borea'Hs, s. a luminous meteor, fre- 
quently visible in the northern hemi- 
sphere, generally called northern lights 
Au'spice, s. an omen ; prote&ion, influence 
Auspi'cious, a. prosperous, fortunate, happy 
Auste're, a. severe, rigid, harsh, stern 
Auster'ity, s. severity, cruelty ; mortified 

life, sourness of temper, harsh discipline 
Au'stral, a. tending to the south, southern 
Authentic, a. genuine, original, proveable 
Authenticate, v. a. to establish by proof 
Authenticity, s. authority, genuineness 
Au'thor, ;. the first beginner of a thing; the 

writer of a book, opposed to a compiler 
Authoritative, a. having authority, positive 
Authority, s. legal power, influence, rule 
Au'thorize, v. a. to give authority, to justify 
Autog'raphy, s. an original writing 
Autom'aton, s. a machine which possesses 
the power of motion without any continu- 
ed assistance, as a clock, watch, &c. 
Autom'atous, a. having the power of motion 

in itself 
Autop'sy, s. ocular demonstration 
Autop'tical, a. perceived by one's own eyes 
Aut'umn, \r. the third season of the year 
Autum'nal, a. belonging to autumn 
Avul'sion, /. pulling one thing from another 
Auxiliary, a. helping, aiding, assisting 
Auxil'iaries, s. troops called upon, in virtue 

of a treaty, to assist another nation, &c. 
Awa'it, v. a. to expect, to wait for, to attend 
Awa'ke, v. to rouse from sleep, to put into 
new action...a. not sleeping, without sleep 
Awa'rd,^. adjudge, to determine, to give 
Awa'rd, s. a sentence, a determination 
Awa're, a. vigilant, attentive, cautious 
Awa'y, arf. absent ; let us go ; begone 
Awe, s. dread, fear, respect, reverence 
Aw'ful, a. that which strikes with awe, or 
fills with reverence ; terrible ; worshipful 
Aw'fulness, s. quality of striking with awe 
Awha'pe; v. a. to strike, to confound 
Awhi'le, ad. for some space of time 
Awk'ward, a. uupolite, clumsy, unhandy 


2 5 

A L 

AwL, /.a sharp instrument to make holes 
Awme, s. a Dutch measure answering to 

what in England is called a tierce, or 

one-seventh of an English ton 
Awn'ing, s. any covering spread over a ship 

or boat to keep off the heat or wet 
Awo'ke, the preterite from awake 
Awry', ad. obliquely, asquint, unevenly 
Axe, s. an instrument used to chop wood 
Ax'iom, s. a maxim or proposition, which 

being self-evident, cannot be made plainer 

by demonstration 

Ax'is, /. a real or imaginary line, which 
passes directly through the centre of any 
thing that revolves on it 
Ax'Le, Axletree, s. the piece of timber on 

which the wheels of a carriage turn 
Ay, ad. yes, used to affirm the truth 
Aye, ad. always, forever, once more 
Azimuth, s. the azimuth of the sun or any 
star is an arch between the meridian of 
the place and any given vertical line ; an 
astronomical instrument 
A'zure, s. light or faint blue j sky-coloured 


BTHE second letter in the alphabet, is 
a frequently used as an abbreviation, 

as in B. A. Bachelor of Arts, B. L. Bach- 

elor of Laws 
Ba'a, v. n. to bleat or cry like a sheep 
Ba'al, s a Canaanitish idol 
Bab'ble, v. n. to talk idly, to tell secrets 
Bab'bler, s. an idle talkative person, a prattler 
Babe, Ba'by, s. a young child of either sex 
Baboo'n, s. a large species of monkey 
Bac'cated,a. beset with pearls ; having berries 
Bacchana'lian, /. a drunken riotous person 
Bac'chanals, s. drunken riots or revels 
Bach'elor, s. an unmarried man ; one who 

takes his first degree at the university ; a 

knight of the lowest order 
Back, j. the hinder part of a thing 
Back, v. a. to mount a horse ; to second, to 

justify, to strengthen, to maintain 
Back'bite, v. a. to censure an absent person 
Back'biter, /. one who slanders secretly 
Back'ed,ptf7-r. seconded, supported, mounted 
Backgam'mon, s. a game with dice and tables 
Backsli'der, s. an apostate 
Back'stays, s. ropes which keep the masts 

from pitching forward 
Eack'sword, s. a sword with one sharp edge 
Back'ward, a. unwilling, dull, sluggish 
Back'wardly, ad. unwillingly, sluggishly 
Ea'con, s. the flesh of a hog, salted and dried 
Bad, a. ill, wicked, hurtful, vicious, sick 
Bad, or Bade, pret. of to bid 
Badge, s. a mark or token of distinction 
Badg'er, s. an animal resembling a hog and 

dog ; a man who buys and sells corn 
Baffle, v. a. to elude, deceive, to confound 
Bag, s. a sack ; a purse ; an ornament ; an 

udder ; a purse of silk, tied to men's hair 
Bagatelle, s. a thing of no import, a trifle 
Engage, s. the luggage of an army ; a 

term for a worthless woman 
Ba^n'io, /. warm bath j house of ill famfe 

Bag'pipe, s. a Scotch musical instrument 
Bail, s. surety given for another's appearance 
Bail, v. a. to give bail, to admit to bail 
Ba'ilable, a. that maybe set at liberty by bail 
Ba'iliff, s. an off csr who puts in force an 

arrest ; a land steward ; a magistrate 
Ba'iiiwick, i. the jurisdiction of a bailiff 
Bait, s. a temptation, a refreshment ; a lure 
Bait, v. to bait the hook in angling ; to take 
refreshment on a journey ; to set dogs upon 
Baize, s. a coarse kind of nappy cloth 
Bake, v. to harden by fire ; to dress victuals 

in an oven 
Bal'ance, i. a pair of scales ; the difference 
of an account ; the beating part of a 
watch ; in astronomy, a constellation 
J Bal ance, v. to make equal, to settle ; to 

hesitate, to fluctuate 
I Balco'ny, /. a small gallery of wood or stone 
on the outside of a house 
Bald, a. without hair ; inelegant, unadorned 
Bal'derdash, s. a rude mixture ; confused or 

illiterate discourse 
Bald'ness, s . want of hair ; nakedness 
Bal'dric, s . a girdle, a belt ; the zodiac 
! Bale, /. goods packed for carriage ; misery 
j Baleful, a. full of misery, sorrowful, sad 
I Balk, j. disappointment ; a great beam or 

rafter ; a ridge of unploughed land 
! Balk, Baulk, v. to disappoint of, to miss of 
; Ball, s. any thing round ; a globe ; an enter- 
tainment of dancing 
! Ballad, s. a common or trifling song ; an air 
| Ballast, s. weight placed in the bottom of a 
ship, or any other body, to prevent its 
oversetting. ..v. to keep any thing steady 
| Bal'let, s- an historical dance 
! Ballo'on, /. a large vessel used in chymistry : 
a ball on the top of a pillar : a globe made 
of silk, &c which being inflated with 
gas, rises into the air with any weight 
attached to it proportionate to its ^ize 




Ballot, s. a ball or ticket used in giving votes 

privately..."*;, a. to choose by ballot 
Balm, s. the name of a plant...t>. a. to sooth 
Balm'y, a. having the qualities of balm ; 

soothing, soft ; fragrant, odoriferous 
Bal'neary, s. a bathing room, bath 
Bal'sam, s. an ointment ; a shrub 
Balsam'ic, a. mitigating, softening, healing 
Bal'uster, s. a small pillar, or column 
Balustrade, s. a row of small pillars 
Bamboo', *. an Indian cane, or measure 
Bamboo'zle, v. a. to trick, deceive, to cheat 
Ban, s . a public notice, a curse, interdiction 
Bana'na-;rrc, s. a kind of plantain 
Band, s. a bandage or tie ; an ornament 

worn round the neck ; a company 
Band'age, s. a fillet ; a roller for a wound 
Bandbox, s. a thin slight box 
Ban'delet, s. in architecture, a fiat moulding 
Bandit'ti, s. outlaws, robbers, plunderers 
Bandole'ers, s. small wooden cases, each of 
them containing powder that is a sufficient 
charge for a musket 
Ban'dy, v. a. to toss to and fro, to give and 

take reciprocally ; to contend at a game 
Ban'dy, a. crooked.,.;, a crooked stick 
Bzn'dy-legged, a. having crooked legs 
Bane, s. mischief, ruin, poison...i>. to poison 
Ba'neful, a. poisonous, hurtful 
Bang, i. a blow, a thump...-!*, to beat 
Ban'ians, s. a particular sect in India, who 
hold a metempsychosis, and abstain from 
animal food 
Ban'ish, v. a. to send or drive away 
Ban'ishment, s. transportation, exile 
Bank, s. the side of a river $ a little hill ; a 
shoal in the sea ; a repository where 
money is occasionally lodged 
Bank-fa'//, s. a note for money in the bank 
Bank'er,/. one who receives money in trust 
Bank'rupt, s. one who being unable to satis- 
fy his creditors, surrenders his effects 
Bankruptcy, s. the state of a bankrupt 
Ban'ner, ;. a military standard or flag 
Ban'neret, s. a knight created in the field of 

Eannia'n, s. a light undress, a morning gown 
Ban'nock, s. a loaf or cake of oatmeal 
Ban'quet,*. a grand entertainment of feasting 
Ban'sticle, s. a very small prickly fish 
Ban'ter, v. a. to rally, play upon, ridicule, jeer 
Bant'ling, s. a young child, an infant 
Bap'tism, s. the first sacrament of the Chris- 
tian church, by which we are admitted to 
partake of all its privileges 
Baptis'mal, a. relating to baptism 
Bap'tist, Bapti'zer, s. one who christens 
Bap'tistry, s. a font, or place for baptizing at 
Bar, v. to secure, or fasten any thing with a ; to hinder or obstruct 

Bar, s. a long piece of wood or iron ; the 

place assigned for lawyers to plead ; a 

partition at which criminals are placed 

during trial ; a shallow at the entrance of 

an harbour ; a hinderance ; in music, a 

perpendicular line through the note lines ; 

a small room in a tavern, &c. 
Barb, s. a Barbary horse ; a beard ; the 

points which stand backward in an arrow 

or fishing-hook 
Barb, v. a. to furnish horses with armour ; 

to shave the beard ; to point an arrow 
Bar'bacan, s. a fortification before the walls of 

a town, an opening in the wall for guns 
Barb'acue, s. a hog dressed whole with spices 
Barba'rian, s. a rude, uncivilized person, a 

savage, a person without pity 
Barbar'ic, a. foreign, far-fetched 
Barb'arism, /. ignorance, inhumanity ; an 

uncouth manner of speaking or writing 
Barbar'ity, s. inhumanity, cruelty 
Barb'arous, a. rude, uncivilized, ignorant, 

inhuman, cruel ; unacquainted with arts 
Barb'ed, part. a. furnished with armour ; 

bearded or jagged with hooks 
Barb'el, s. a large fish ; superfluous fleshy 

knots growing in the mouth of a horse 
Barb'er, s. one whose trade is to shave 
Bar'berry-frtt 1 , s. the name of a prickly shrub 
Bard, s . a poet 

Bare, a. naked, poor, lean, unadorned 
Ba'refaced, «. shameless, impudent 
Ba'rely, ad. nakedly ; openly ; merely 
Bar'gain, s. a contract or agreement j a thing 

bought or sold ; stipulation 
Bar'gain, v. n. to make a contract for the sale 

or purchase of any thing 
Barge, s. a large boat for pleasure or trade 
Baril'la, s. potashes used in making glass 
Bark, j» the rind of a tree ; a small ship 
Bark, v. to make a noise like a dog or wolf; 
to clamour at ; to strip trees of their bark 
Bark'er, s. one that clamours, a snarler 
Bar'ley, s. corn used in making beer 
Bar'ley-a>m, s. a grain of barley, in meas- 
urement the third part of an inch 
Barm, j. yeast, used to make drink ferment 
Barn, s. a storehouse for corn, &c. 
Barn'acle, s. a kind of shell-fish which ad- 
heres to wood,&c. in the water; a bird like 
a goose ; an iron instrument to hold a horse 
by the nose during an operation of farriery 
Barom'eter, s. an instrument to measure 
the weight of, and variations in, the at- 
mosphere, in order chiefly to determine 
the changes of the weather 
Baromet'rical, a. relating to a barometer _ 
Bar'on, s. a rank in nobility next to a V&- 

count ; two sirloins of beef 
Bar'oness, s. a baron's lady 

B A S 


B E A 

Bar'onet, s. the lowest title that is heredita- 
ry, next in rank to a baron 
Bar'ony, s. the lordship whence a baron de- 
rives his title 
Bar'cscope, s. an instrument to shew the 

weight of the atmosphere 
Ear'racan, s. a strong, thick kind of camelot 
Bar'rack, s. a building to quarter soldiers in 
Bar'rator, s. an encourager of lawsuits ; a 

Bar'ratry, s. foul practice in law ; a fraud 
committed by seamen on merchants' goods 
Bar'reJ, s. a round wooden vessel ; the hol- 
low tube of a gun ; a cylinder 
Bar'ren, a. unfruitful, not prolific, steril, 

unmeaning, uninventive, dull 
Ear'renness, s. sterility, want of invention 
Barrica'de, -v. a. to secure a place, to fortify 
B?.r'ricade, Barrica'do, s. a fortification, an 

obstruction, a bar to prevent admittance 
Bar'rier, /. a boundary, a defence, a bar to 

mark the limits of a place 
Bar'rister, s. a pleader at the bar, an advocate 
Ear'row, s. a small hand carriage to convey 
fruit, herbs, &c. a small mount of earth 
under which bodies were anciently depos- 
ited ; a hog 
Bar'ter, v. a. to give any thing in exchange 
Bar'ter, s. the aft or practice of trafficking 
Base, s. the foundation of any thing ; a 

rustic play ; the pedestal of a statue 
Ease, a. vile, mean, low ; metal below the 

standard ; in music, deep, grave 
Base'ness, /. vileness, meanness, bastardy 
Easha'w, s. a governor or viceroy under the 
grand seignior ; a proud, imperious person 
Eash'ful, a. timid, modest, coy, shamefaced 
Ba'sil, j. the name of a plant ; the edge of 

a joiner's tool ; a kind of leather 
Ba'sil, v. a. to grind the edge of a tool 
Basil'icon, s. a kind of ointment 
Bas'iiisk, s. a kind of serpent, a cockatrice, 
said to kill by looking; a piece of ordnance 
Ba'sin, Ba'son, s. a small vessel to hold wa- 
ter ; a deck where ships may float in safe- 
ty ; a small por.d 
Ba'sis, s. the foundation of any thing ; the 
lowest of the three principal parts of a 
column, which are the basis, shaft, and 
capital ; the foot,-the pedestal 
Bask, v. to lie in the heat of the sun, or fire 
Bas'ket, s. a vessel made of twigs or rushes 
Bass, s. a mat used to kneel on in churches 

...a. in music, grave, deep 
Bas'set, s. a certain game at cards 
Bassoo'n, s. a musical wind instrument 
Bass-relief, or Basso-relievo, ;. raised work 
Bas'tard, s. a child born out of wedlock 
Bas'tardize, v. to declare a child illegiti- 
mate ; to beget a bastard 

Baste, v. a. to beat with a stick ; to pour 
butter on meat whilst roasting ; to sew 
in a slight manner 
Bas'tile, /. formerly a state prison in France ; 

it is now destroyed 
Bastina'de, Bastina'do, v. a. to punish a 
person by striking the soles of his feet 
with a cudgel 
Bas'tion, s. a huge mass of earth standing 

from a rampart ; a bulwark, a fortress 
Bass-viol, s. a fiddle for the bass 
Bat, s. a flattened club to strike a ball with ; 
an animal resembling a mouse, which flies 
with membranes distended like wings 
B3t-fowling,j. bird-catching in the night-time 
Batch, s a quantity of any thing baked at 

one time ; any quantity made at once 
Bate, 17. to lessen, to remit, to lower a price 
Bath, s. a place to bathe in ; a measure 
Bathe, v. a. to wash in a bath ; to soften 
Bat'let, s. a square wooden Instrument used 

for besting linen 
Batoo'n, s. a staff or club ; a truncheon 

borne by a marshal in an army 
Battal'ia, s. battle array, order of battle 
Battal'ion, /. a body of foot soldiers, in num- 
ber from SOO to 800 men; a division of 
an army 
Bat'ten, s. a narrow- board ; a scantling 
Bat'ten, v. to fatten, to fertilize, to grow fat 
Bat'ter, s. a mixture of flour, eggs, rnilk 9 

and salt.. .a*, to beat, to beat dawn 
Bat'tering-ram, s. a military engine, for- 
merly used to batter down Walls, having 
a head resembling a ram's 
Bat'tery, s. a raised work on which cannons 

are mounted ; in law, a violent assault 
Bat'tle, s. a fight between fleets or armies 
Bat'tle-flrr«y, s. s. form or order of battle 
Bat'tleaxe, s. a weapon like an axe ; a bill 
Bat'tledoor,;. a flat instrument used to strike 

shuttlecocks with 
Bat'tlement, s. a wall indented en the top 

of buildings ; a breastwork 
Baube'e, s. in Scotland a halfpenny 
Bav'in, s. a bundle of small wood, a faggot 
Bau'ble, ;. a trifle, a trinket,?, plaything 
Bawl, v. to call out, cry cut, to speak loud 
Baw'rel, s. a kind of hawk 
Bay,/, a road where ships may anchor; a tree ; 
a term in architecture. ...#. chesnut colour 
Bay, -v. to batk as a dog ; to surround 
Bay-salt, s. salt made from sea-water expos- 
ed to the sun, so named from its colour 
Bz.y-tree, /. the female laurel 
Bay'onet, s. a dagger fixed to a musket 
Bays, s. an honorary crown or garland 
Bdel'lium, s. an aromatic gum 
Be, v. n. to have existence, to exit 
Beach, s. the sea shore, the strand, the Beast 

B E C 

B E H 

Be'acon, s. an edifice on an eminence, 

where signs are made to direct seamen 
Bead, s. a small glass ornament, with which 
necklaces, and monkish rosaries, are 
made ; any globular body 
Be'adle, s. an inferior officer in a parish, uni- 
versity, or trading company 
Be'agle, s. a small hound to hunt hares 
Beak, s. the bill of a bird j a promontory 
Beak'er, s. a cup with a spout formed like 

the beak of a bird 
Beam, s. the principal piece of timber which 
supports a building ; the balance of a pair 
of scales ; a ray of light ; the pole of a 
chariot ; the horn of a stag 
Beam, v. n. to emit rays or beams 
Bean, s. a well known kind of pulse 
Bear, s. a rough, savage animal ; a rude un- 
polished man ; the name of two constella- 
tions, tailed the greater and /mbearj in 
the tail of the less bear is the pole star 
Bear, v. to carry a load, to support, to keep 
from fulling ; to carry in remembrance ; 
to endure ; to press ; to be fruitful 
Btard, s. hair which grows on the chin and 

lips ; the barb of an arrow or hook 
Beard'less, a. having no beard j youthful 
Bear'er, s. a carrier of any thing, a supporter 
Bear'-garden, s. any place of tumult 
Bear'ing, s. the situation of any place, both 

as to distance and direction ; gesture 
Beast, s. an irrational animal ; a brutal man 
Be'astly, a. nasty, filthy, obscene 
Beat, v. to strike ; to conquer ; to throb 
Beatific, Beatifical, a. blissful, the making 

happy or blessed, belonging to the happy 
Bcatifica'tion, s. an acknowledgment made 
by the Pope and his consistory, that the 
person beatified is in heaven, and may be 
reverenced as blessed 
Beat'ify, bless with celestial enjoyment 
Beat'ing, s. correction by blows 
Beat'itude, s. blessedness, happiness, felicity 
Beau, s. a coxcomb, a fop, a man of dress 
Be'aver, s. an animal, otherwise named the 
Castor, amphibious, and remarkable for 
his art in building his habitation ; a hat 
made of its fur ; the part of a helmet 
which covers the face 
Eeau'teous,Beau'tiful,<*. fair, elegant, lovely 
Beau'tifully, ad. in a beautiful manner 
Beau'tify, v. a. to adorn, to embellish 
Beau'ty, s. that assemblage of graces which 

pleases the eye ; a beautiful person 
Becafi'co, s. a small bird, the fig-eater 
Beca'use, con. on this account that, for this 

reason that 
Beca'Im, v. a. to still, to quiet the mind 
Beca'me,the preterite of become 
Beck, s. a sign with the hand or head, a nod 

Beck'on, v. n. to make a sign with the hand 
Beco'me, v. to be fit, to be suitable to the 

person ; to enter into some state 
Becom'ing, a. graceful, pleasing, elegant 
Becom'ingness, j. elegant congruity 
Bed, s. a place to sleep on ; a division in a 

garden in which seeds are sown ; the 

channel of a river ; a layer, a stratum 
Bedabble, v. a. to besprinkle, to wet 
Bedag'gle,Bedrag'gle, v. a. to trail in the dirt 
Beda'wb, -v. a. to dawb, to besmear 
Bed'ding, s . the materials belonging to a bed 
Bede'ck, v. a. to deck, to adorn, to embellish 
Bede'w, v. a. to moisten gently as with dew 
Bede-house, s. an hospital or alms-house 
Bed'lam, s. an hospital for lunatics 
Bed'lamite, j. a madman, a noisy person 
Bed'rid, a. confined to the bed by violent 

sickness or extreme old age 
Bed'stead, s. the frame which supports a bed 
Bee, s. an insect which produces honey j an 

industrious, careful person 
Beech, /. the name of a large tree 
Beecb'en, a. consisting of the wood of beech 
Beef, s. the flesh of an ox, bull, or cow 
Beef-eater, s. a yeoman of the guard 
Beer, s. a liquor made of malt and hops 
Beet, s. the name of a garden plant 
Bee'tle, s. an insect ; a large heavy mallet 
Beeves, /. black cattle, oxen 
Befa'll, v. n. to happen, to come to pass 
Befi't, v. a. to be suitable to, to become 
Befo're, prep, further onward, not behind ; 

in the presence of ; prior to, sooner 
Befo'rehand, ad. in a state of anticipation, 

previously, at first 
Befo'ul, v. a. to soil, to dirty, to make foul 
Befrie'nd, v. a. to favour, to be kind to 
Beg, v. to ask alms, to entreat, to petition 
Bege't, v. a. to generate, to produce 
Beg'gar, s. one who lives by begging 
Beg'garly, a. in want, stingy.. .ad. meanly 
Beg'gary, s. great want, indigence, poverty 
Begi'n, v. to enter upon, to commence 
Begin'ning, s. the first original or cause, the 

first part, the rudiments or first grounds 
Begi'rd, v. a. to gird, bind round, shut up 
Bego'ne, inter, get away ! go hence ! 
Bego't, Begot'ten, part. pass, of to beget 
Begri'me, v. a. to soil, to dirty with soot 
Begui'le, v. a. to cheat, to impose on, to 

amuse, to deceive pleasingly, to evade 
Begu'n, part. pass, of to begin 
Beha'lf, s. favour, support, vindication 
Beha've, v. n. to demean, to aft, to conduct 
Beha'viour, s. conduct, course of life 
Behe'ad, v. a. to kill by cutting off the head 
Behe'ld, part. pass, from to behold 
Behe'moth, s. the river horse ; hippopotamus 
Behe'st, s. a command, order, precept 




Behi'nd, prep, at the back of another, fol- 
lowing another, remaining after another's 
departure ; inferior to another 
Behindhand, ad. late in time, in arrears 
Beho'ld, v. a. to look upon, to view, to see 

...inter, see ! lo ! 
Behold'en, part. a. obliged in gratitude 
Behoo'f, s. profit, advantage 
Behoo've, Beho've, v. n. to be fit, to become 
Be'ing, s. existence ; a particular state or 

condition ; the person existing 
Belabour, v. a. to beat soundly, to thump 
Bela'ted, a. too late, benighted 
Bela'y, v. a. to lay wait for; with seamen, 

to make fast a rope 
Belch, v. n. to eject wind from the stomach 
Bel'dam, s . a hag, a scolding woman 
Belea'guer, v. a. to besiege, to block up 
Bei'frey, ;. a place where bells hang 
Beli'e, v. a. to slander, to calumniate 
Belie'f, s. persuasion, opinion ; creed ; a 

form containing the articles of faith 
Belie've, v. to credit, to trust, to think true 
Belie'ver,/. a professor of Christianity 
Beli'ke, ad. probably, perhaps, likely 
Bell, s. a hollow sounding vessel 
Belle, s. a gay, dressy young woman 
TSelles-Let'tres, s. polite literature 
Belli'gerent, a. engaged in war 
Bell-metal, s. a mixture of copper and pewter 
Bel'Iow, v. n. to roar like a bull, or the sea ; 

to clamour, to vociferate 
Bel'lows, s. an instrument to blow the fire 
Bel'ly, s. the lower part of the body 
Bel'man, s. he whose business it is to pro- 
claim any thing in towns, and to gain at- 
tention by ringing his bell 
Belo'ng, v. n. to appertain to, to be the pro- 
perty of, to have relation to 
Belov'ed, a. lovely, dear to, valued much 
Belo'w, ad., lower in place, inferior 
Belt, s. a girdle, a sash, a cincture 
Belwe'ther, ;. a sheep which leads the flock 

with a bell on his neck 
Bemi're, v. a. to soil, to daub with mire 
Bemo'an, v. a. to lament, to bewail 
Bench, s. a seat to sit on ; a tribunal of jus- 
tice ; justices sitting on the bench 
Bench'er, s. a senior in the inns of court 
Bend, v. a. to crook, to bow ; to subdue 
Bend'able, a. that which may be incurvated 
Bene'ath, /»-£/>. under, lower in place, lower 

in excellence ; unworthy of 
Benedict'ine, s. a monk of that order, named 

after its founder St. Benedict 
Benedic'tion, s. a blessing ; an acknowledg- 
ment for blessings received 
Benefac'tion,/. a charitable gift, a benefit 
Benefac'tor, Beaefac'tress, s. a man or wo- 
man who does ads of kindness, a patron 

C 2 

Ben'efice, s. a church living, a benefit 
Beneficence, s. generosity, active goodness 
Eenefi'cent, a. kind, obliging, doing good 
Benefi'cial, a. advantageous, useful 
Benefi'ciary, s. one who holds a benefice 
Ben'efit, s. kindness, advantage, use 
Benev'olence,/. disposition to good ; charity 
Benev'olent, a. kind, good, affectionate 
Benga'l, s. a slight Indian cotton 
Beni'ghted,prtr/. overtaken by the night 
Beni'gn, a. kind, generous, wholesome 
Benig'nity, s. graciousness, kindness 
Ben'ison, /. a blessing, a benediction 
Bent, ;. the state of being bent ; declivity ; 

inclination, disposition, fixed purpose 
Benu'mb, v. a. to make torpid, to stupify 
Ben'zoin, s. a medicinal kind of resin, vul- 
garly called Benjamin 
Beque'ath, v. a. to give by will, to leave 
Beque'st, s. something left by will 
Bere'ave, v. a. to deprive of; to take away 
Ber'gamot, /. a kind of pear ; an essence or 

perfume ; a sort of scented snuff 
Be'rgmote, s. a court held to determine mat- 
ters relating to mines and miners 
Ber'lin, s. a coach of a particular construc- 
tion, first used at Berlin 
Ber'nardines, s. an order of monks, so named 

from their founder St. Eernard 
Ber'ry, s. a small fruit of several kinds 
Ber'yl, s. a precious stone of a greenish cast 
Bese'ech, v. a. to beg, to entreat, to implore 
Bese'em, v. n. to become, to befit 
Bese't, v. a. to waylay, to perplex, to harass 
Beshre'w, v. to curse, to happen ill to 
Besi'de, Besi'des,pr. over and above, near 
Eesie'ge, v. a. to beleaguer, to lay siege to 
Besme'ar, v. a. to soil, to daub or smear over 
Besmu't, v. a. to blacken with smut 
Be'som, s. a broom to sweep with 
Beso't, v. a. to infatuate, stupify with liquor 
Bespan'gle, v. a. to decorate with spangles 
Bespat'ter, v. a. to splash with dirt ; to 

slander, to asperse with reproach 
Bespe'akjZ'. a. to order, to address, to shew 
Bespo't, v. a. to mark with spots, to variegate 
Besprin'kle, v. a. to sprinkle over,tomoisteu 
Best, a. most good, most preferable 
Best'ial, a. like a beast, brutish, carnal 
Besti'r, v. a. to move quickly, to hastens 
| Besco'w, v. a. to apply, to confer upon 
Bestre'w, v. a. to strew or scatter about 
Bestri'de, v. a. to get across any thing 
Bet, s. a wager. ..v. to lay a wager 
Beta'ke, v. a. to take, to have recourse to 
Bethi'nk, v. n. to recollect, to reflect 
Beti'de, v. n. to happen, to befall, to come 
Beti'mes, ad. early, soon, seasonably 
Be'tle, s. an Indian plant, called water pepper 
Beto'ten, v. a, to signify, to fores-hew 



Bet'ony, s. the name of a plant 

Betra'y, v. a. to deliver up treacherously; to 

divulge a secret, to discover 
Betro'th, v. a. to give or receive a contract 

of marriage ; to affiance 
Bet'ter, a. superior, improved, more good 
Betwe'en, Betwi'xt, prep, in the middle 
Bev'el, s. in masonry, a kind of square rule 
Bev'erage, s- drink, liquor to be drunk 
Bev'y, s. a fiock of birds ; a company 
Bewa'il, v. a. to bemoan, to lament 
Bewa're, v. n. to be cautious, to take care of 
Bewil'der, v. a. to mislead, to puzzle 
Bewi'tch, v. a. to injure by witchcraft, to 

charm, to fascinate, to please irresistibly 
Bewra'y, v. a. to discover, to betray 
Bey, s . a Turkish governor 
Beyo'nd, prep, farther onward than, remote 

from, on the farther side of, above 
Bez'el, Bez'il, s. that part of a ring in which 

the diamond or stone is fixed 
Bez'oar,-* . a medicinal stone from the East 
Bezoar'dic, a. compounded with bezoar 
Bian'gulous, a. having two corners or angles 
Bi'as, s. inclination, bent ; a weight lodged 

on one side of a bowl, propension 
Bi'as, v. a. to prepossess, to incline partially 
Bib, s. a piece of linen to pin before a child 
Biba'cious, a. much addicted to drinking 
Bib'ber, s. a tippler, a toper, a sot 
Bi'ble, s. the sacred volume in which are con- 
tained the revelations of God 
Bib'lical, a. relating to the bible or divinity 
Bib'ulous, s. spungy, that drinks moisture 
Bice, s. a blue colour used in painting 
Bick'er, v. n. to skirmish, to wrangle 
Bid, v. to command ; to offer a price 
Bid'den, part, invited, commanded 
Bid'der, s. one who offers or proposes a price 
Bid'ding, s. a command, order, charge 
Bide, v. to dwell, to continue, to endure 
Bident'al, a. having two teeth 
Bi'ding, s. an abode, residence, stop, stay 
Bien'nial, a. continuing for two years 
Bier, s. a frame used for carrying the dead 
Bie'stings, s. the first milk after calving 
Bifa'rious, a. twofold, double ; doubtful 
Bi'ferous, a. bearing fruit twice a year 
Bifid, Bif'idated, a. opening with a cleft 
Big, a. large, great, swoln, pregnant 
Big'amy, s. having two wives at once 
Big'gin, s. a kind of cap for a child 
Big'ot, s- a zealot, one devoted to a party 
Big'otry, s. blind zeal, superstition 
Bil'ander, s. a small vessel, broad and flat, 

used for the carriage of goods 
Bil'berries, s. small purple-coloured berries 
Bil'b oes, s. a sort of stocks on board a ship 
Sile, s. a thick bitter liquor collected in the 

gall-bladder j a painful swelling 

Bilge, s. the breadth of a ship's bottom 
Bil'ingsgate, s. foul language, a scold 
Bil'ious, a. full of bile, choleric 
Bilk, v. a. to cheat, to over-reach, to defraud 
Bill, s. the beak of a bird, a kind of hatchet ; 
an account of money ; an act of parlia- 
ment ; an advertisement 
Bill of exchange, s. a note which authorizes 
the bearer to demand a sum of money at 
a certain place 
Bill of parcels, s. an account delivered by the 

seller, to the buyer, of goods 
Bill, v. to caress ; to kiss as doves ; topublish 
Bil'let, s. a small log of wood ; a note, a let- 
ter ; a small paper 
Bil'let, v. a. to quarter soldiers 
Bil'let-^owx', s. a short love-letter, a card 
Bil'iiards, s. a game with balls and sticks 
Bil'low, s. a large hollow rolling wave 
Bin, s. a repository for wine, corn, &c 
Bi'nary, a. double ; two and two 
Bind, v. to confine with bonds, to oblige by 
stipulation ; to make costive ; to contract 
Bind, s. a species of hops ; a quantity 
Bind'ing, s. a fastening ; covering of books 

with leather ; a bandage 
Bi'nocle, s. a telescope with two tubes, thro* 
which an object may be seen with both. eyes 
Binoc'ular, a. having two eyes 
Biog'rapher,*. a writer of persons' Iive3 
Biog'raphy, s. a history or writing of lives 
Bi'parous, a. bringing forth two at a birthv 
Bi'partite ,a. divided or cleft in two parts 
Bipar'tition, s . the art of dividing in two 
Bi'ped, j. an animal having only two feet 
Biped'al, a. two feet in length 
Bipen'nated, a. having two wings 
Bipet'alous, a. tonsistingof two flower-leaves 
Birch, s. 2l tree common in England ; a rod 
Bird, s. a name applied to all fowls 
Bird'lime, s. a glutinous substance used to 

entangle the feet of small birds 
Bir'gander, j, a fowl of the goose kind 
Birt, s. a fish resembling a turbot 
Birth, s. the act of coming into life ; lineage j 

extraction ; rank inherited by descent 
Birth'right, s. the rights and privileges to 

which a person is born 
Birth'wort, s. the name of a plant 
Bis'cuit, s. a kind of hard flat bread, &c. 
Bise'ct, v. a. to divide into two equal parts 
Bish'op, s. one of the head order of the clergy 
who has the charge of a diocess ; a liquor 
composed of oranges, wine, sugar, &c. 
Bish'opric, s. the diocess of a bishop 
Bis'muth, s. a hard, white, brittle mineral 
Bissex'tile, i. leap year ; every fourth year 
Bis'son, a. blind, deprived of sight 
Bis'toury, s. a chirurgical incision knife 
Bisul'cous, a. clovea-footed 



B L U 

Bit, s. the iron mouth-piece of a bridle : a 

srAall piece of anything ; a Spanish silver 

coin, value seven pence halfpenny 
Bite, s. the act of a fish that takes the bait ; a 

Cheat, trick; a sharper; seizure by the teeth I 
Bite,?;. a. to separate or pierce with the teeth ; ] 

to cut, to wound ; to cheat ; to trick 
Bitt'acle, s. a frame of timber in the steer- j 

age, where the compass is placed 
Bit'ter, a. of a hot, acrid, and biting taste ; 

sharp, cruel, severe, keen, satirical 
Bit'tern, s. a bird of the heron kind 
Bit'terness, s. a bitter taste ; malice ; grief 
Bitu'men, s. a fat, unctuous matter 
Bitu'minous, a. compounded of bitumen 
Bi'zantine, s. apiece of geld valued at I si. 

which the king offereth on high festivals 
Blab, v. to tell a secret, to tattle, to tell tales 
Black, a. dark, cloudy, mournful, wicked 
Black, s. a negro ; the dark colour; mourning 
Black'en, v. a. to make black ; to defame 
Black'guard, s. a dirty fellow, a scoundrel 
Black-rod, ;. the usher belonging to the Order 

of the Garter ; he is usher of parliament 
Black'smith, /. a smith who works in iron 
Blad'der, s. urinary vessel ; a bag ; a pustule 
Blade, s. the spire of grass before it seeds ; 

the green shoots of corn ; the sharp or 

cutting part of an instrument ; a gay man 
Blain, s. a pustule, an ulcer, a boil, a blister 
Blame, s. imputation of a fault, offence 
Blame, v. a. to censure, to reproach 
Bla'meable, a. deserving censure, guilty 
Bla'meless, a. innocent, guiltless, upright 
Blanch, v. to whiten ; to peel almonds ; to 

evade, to shift ; to omit, to obliterate 
Bland, a. soft, mild, gentle, kind 
Bland'ish,*;. a. to smooth ; to wheedle 
Bland'ishment, s. soft speeches, flattery 
Blank, s. a void space ; a disappointment 
Blank, a. white, unwritten ; dull, confused 
Blank-verse , s. verse without rhyme 
Blank'et, s. a woollen cover for a bed ; a pear 
Blasphe'me, v. a. to speak blasphemy 
Blas'phemous, a. very profane, very wicked 
Blas'phemously, ad. impiously, irreverently 
Blas'phemy, s. indignity offered to God 
Blast, j. a gust of wind; the sound made by 

a wind instrument of music ; a blight 

which damages trees, corn, &c. 
Blast, v. a. to injure, to wither, to blight 
Bla'tant, a. bellowing, as a calf; noisy 
Blaze, s. a flame, the light of a flame ; a 

white mark on a horse ; a publication 
Blaze, v. to flame, to publish, to blazon 
Bia'zon, Blaz'onry, s. the art of heraldry 
Bla'zon, v. a. to explain figures on ensigns 

armorial ; to deck, to embellish ; to make 

public ; to celebrate 
Bleach, v. to whiten, to grow white 

Ble'ached,ptfr/. whitened, made white . 
Bleak, a. cold, chilly, pale...j. a fish 
Blear, a. watery, dim, obscure, weak 
Blear'eyed, a. having sore eyes } inflamed 
Bleat, v. n. to cry like a sheep 
Bleed, v. to lose blood ; to let blood 
Blem'ish, s. a spot or stain ; a deformity 
Blem'ish, v. a. to defame, to injure 
Blench, v. n. to shi ink or fly off ; to obstruct 
Blend, v. a. to mix, to mingle, to confound 
Bless, v. a. to wish happiness to another 
Bless'ed, Blest, part, happy, tasting felicity 
Bless'ing, s. a good wish, divine favour 
Blight, s. a mildew.. .v. a. to blast ; to hinder 

from fertility ; to spoil 
Blind, a. dark, deprived of sight, obscure 
Blind, s. any thing which is placed to inter- 
cept the sight ; a false pretence 
Blind'ness, j. a want of sight ; ignorance 
Blind'fold, a. having the eyes covered 
Bli'nd-worm, s. a small venomous viper 
Blink, v. n. to wink ; to see obscurely 
Blink'ard, s. one who has weak eyes 
Bliss, j. the highest degree of happiness ; 

happiness of blessed souls ; great joy 
Bliss'ful, a. very happy, full of joy, glad 
Blis'ter, j. a rising in the skin ; a plaster 
Biis'ter, v. to apply a blister ; rise in blisters 
Blithe, Blith'some, a. gay, merry, sprightly 
Bloat, v. to swell, to grow puffy 
Bloat'edness, s. turgidness, swelling 
Block, s. a large heavy piece of wood ; a 
piece of marble ; a stupid fellow ; a pulley 
Block, v. a. to shut up, to enclose 
Blocka'de, *- a siege carried on by surround- 
ing a place to prevent any relief 
Block'head, s. a stupid person, a dunce 
Block'tin, s. unadulterated tin ; the best tin 
Blood, s. the red fluid that circulates through 

the body ; kindred, lineage ; a rake 
Blood'hound, s. a hound of an exquisite scent" 
Blood'shed, s. the crime of murder, slaughter 
Blood'shot, a. filled with blood ; red 
Blood'y, a. stained with blood ; sanguinary 
Bloom, /. the blossom or flower of a tree ; 
the prime of life ; a native flush on the 
cheek ; the blue that appears on some fruit 
Bloom, Bloss'om, v. n. to produce blossoms 
Bloom'ing, Bloom'y, a. youthful ; flowery 
Bloss'om, j. the flowers of trees or plants 
Blot, j. a blur, a spot... v. to disgrace, to stain 
Blotch, /. a pimple, a pustule on the skin 
Blow, /. a stroke ; a sudden event ; the aft 
of a fly, by which she lodges eggs in meat 
Blow, v. to pant or breathe hard ; to put forth 
flowers ; to sound a musical instrument | 
to swell ; to drive by the force of wind 
Blowze, s. a ruddy fat wench, a slattern 
Blowz'y, a. sun-burnt, ruddy-faced 
Blubber, /, the fat of a whale, &c 

32 BOO 

Blub'ber, v. to swell the cheeks with weeping 
Blud'geon, s. a weapon, a short thick stick 
Blue, a. sky-coloured. ..s. an original colour 
Blue'ness, s. the quality of being blue 
Bluff, a. stern, blustering, fierce ; large 
Blun'der, s. a mistake, a gross oversight 
Blun'der, v. n. to mistake grossly ; to err 
Blun'derbuss, s. a short wide gun discharged 

with many bullets at a time 
Blunt, a. dull, rough, rude, impolite, abrupt 
Blunt, v. a. to dull the edge of a point 
Blunt'ly, ad. rudely, plainly, roughly 
Blunt'ness, s. a want of edge ; rudeness 
Blur, s. a spot, stain, imperfection 
Blurt, v. a. to blab out, to speak heedlessly 
Blush, v. to betray shame or confusion by a 

red colour in the cheeks ,• to colour 
Blush, s. colour of the cheeks raised by shame 
& or purple colo#r ; sudden appearance 
Blus'ter, v. n. to roar, to hector, to swagger 
Blus'terer, s. a noisy person, a swaggerer 
Blus'trous, a. noisy, tumultuous, harsh 
Boar, /. the male of all sorts of swine 
Board, s. a fiat piece of wood ; a court held 
Board, v. to pave with boards ; to enter a 
ship by force ; to pay for lodging and eating 
Board'er, ;. one who pays to diet with another 
Board wa'ges, /. an allowance for victuals 
Boar'ish, a. rude, rough, cruel, brutish 
Boast, s. a proud speech, a brag, a bounce 
Boast, v. to brag, to glory in, to exult 
Bo'aster, s. a braggart, a puffer, a swaggerer 
Bo'astful, a. proud, haughty, vain 
Boast'ingly, ad. ostentatiously, vainly 
Boat, s. a small vessel used on rivers, &c. 
Bo'atman, s. a manager of a boat 
Bo'atswain, s. an inferior officer who super- 
intends a ship's rigging, anchors, &c. and 
overlooks the sailors in their sundry duties 
Bob, v. to dodge, to cheat, to dangle 
BoVbin, s. a small wooden instrument with 

which lace is made 
Bob'tailed, a. having the tail cut short 
Bode, v. a. to foreshew, portend 
Bo'dement, s. an omen, a foreboding 
Bod'ice, s. a sort of stays for women 
Bod'iless, a. without a body ; spiritual ; pure 
Bod'ily, a. relating to the body ; actual, real 
Bod'kin, s. an instrument to draw thread 

through a loop 
Bod'y, s. matter as opposed to spirit ; a per- 
son ; a collective mass ; a corporation 
Bod'yclothes, s. clothing for horses 
Bog, s. a marsh, a fen, a morass, a swamp 
Bog'gle, v. n. to start, to hesitate, to waver 
Bog'gler, s. a doubter, a timorous man 
Bohe'a, s. a tea more astringent than green 
Boil, v. to be agitated by heat ; to dress 
Boil'ed, part, dressed in boiling water 
Boi'Ier, s. a vessel for boiling water, <5cc. 

Bois'terous, a. loud, furious, stormy 
Bois'terously, ad. violently ; very loudly 
Bold, a. daring, impudent, licentious, stout 
Bold'en, v. a. to make bold or confident 
Bold'ly, ad. in a bold manner, bravely 
Bold'ness, s. courage, impudence, confidence 
Bole, s. earth ; a corn measure of six bushels 
Boll, s. round stalk or stem ; a bowl 
Boll, nj. n. to rise in a stalk ; to swell out 
Bolster, s. a large pillow ; a long cushion 
Bo'lster, v. a, to support ; to pad ; compress 
Bolt, s. the bar of a door ; an arrow 
Bolt, v. to fasten ; to sift ; to spring out 
Bolt'er, s. a sieve to separate meal from bran 
Bo'lus, s. a large pill ; a kind of earth 
Bomb, s. a globe of iron containing combus- 
tibles, &c. to be discharged from a mortar 
Eom'bard, s . a great gun ; a barrel for wine 
Bomba'rd, v. a. to attack with bombs 
Bombardie'r, s. a bomb engineer 
Bombard'ment, s. an attack with bombs 
Bombasi'n, s. slight black silken stuff 
Bomba'st, a. high-sounding...;, fustian 
Bombula'tion, s. a great sound, a hum 
Bomb'ketch, s. a ship for bombs 
Bonas'us, s. a kind of buffalo 
Bond, s. any written obligation ; captivity 
Bond, a. in a servile state ; enslaved, a ptive 
Bond'age,;. captivity, slavery, imprisonment 
Bond'man,Bond'maid,;.amale or femaleslave 
Bonds'man, s. one bound for another 
Bone, s. the most solid part of the body 
Bone'lace, s. a coarse kind of lace ; flaxen lace 
Bone'less, a. having no bones ; limp, tender 
Bon'fire, s. a fire made for triumph 
Bon'net, s. a covering for the head, a cap 
Bon'nily, ad. prettily, gaily, handsomely 
Bon'ny, a. handsome, beautiful, merry, gay 
Bonum Magnum, s. a great plum 
Bo'ny, a. strong, stout, full of bone 
Boo'by, s. a dull stupid fellow ; a large bird 
Book, s. a volume in which we read or write, 

a particular part or division of the work' 
Book'binder, s. one who binds books 
Book'ish, a. much given to reading, studious 
Book'keeper, s. one who keeps accounts 
Book'keeping, s. the art of keeping accounts 
Eook'mate, s. a school-fellow 
Book'seller, s. a vender of books by profession 
Book'worm, s. a close student ; a mite 
Boom, s. a strong fortification of wood or 
iron laid across the mouth of an harbour ; 
a long pole used to spread the clue of the 
studding sail 
Boon, s. a gift, a present, a grant ; a prayer 
Boon, a. gay, merry, pleasant, cheerful 
Boor, s. a clown, a lout, a rude man 
Boor'ish, a. rustic, clownish, rude 
Boose, s. a stall for a cow or ox to feed in 
Boot, 17, to profit, to gain j to put on boots 

B O U 



Boot, s. profit, advantage, booty ; part of a 

coach ; covering for the legs 
Booth, /. a stall or tent erected in a fair 
Bootless, a. useless, unavailing, vain 
Boot'y, s. plunder, pillage, spoil 
Bora'cbio, s. a drunkard ; a leathern bottle 
Bora'mez, s. the vegetable lamb, generally 

known by the name of Agnus Scythicus 
Bo'rax, /. an artificial salt, prepared from sal 

ammoniac, nitre, calcined tartar, sea salt, 

and alum, dissolved in wine 
Bor'der, s. 3n edging ; a side, a boundary 
Bor'derer, s. an inhabitant near the borders 
Bore, s. the hollow of a pike or gun 
Bore, v. a. to make a hole, to pierce 
Bo'real, a. northern, tending to the north 
Bo'reas, /. tbe north wind 
Bore'e, s. a French dance 
Bo'rer, s. a gimlet ; one who bores 
Born, part, brought into the world, bred 
Borne, part, carried, brought, supported 
Bor'ough, /. a corporation town 
Bur'row, v. a. to ask a loan ; take on credit 
Bor'rower, s. one who borrows from another 
Bos'cage, s. a wood, a grove, woodlands 
Bosk'y, a. woody, rough, swelled 
Bos'om, s. the breast ; the heart ; an enclosure 
Bos'om, v. a. to enclose in the bosom 
Boss, s. a stud, a knob, a raised work 
Botan'ic, Botan'ical, a. relating to herbs 
Bot'anist, s. a person skilled in herbs 
Bot'any, s. the knowledge of plants ; that part 
of natural history which relates to vegetables 
Botch, s. an ulcerous swelling 
Botch, v. a. to mend clumsily, to patch 
Botch'er, ;. one who mends old clothes 
Both, a. the two, of two..Md. as well 
Bot'tle, /. a vessel to contain iiquids 
Bot'tom, s. the lowest part of any thing ; a 

dale, a valley ; the foundation 
Bot'tomless, <*.unfathomable,without bottom 
Bot'tomry, s. money borrowed on a ship 
Boud, s. an insect which breeds in malt 
Bough, s. an arm of a tree, a branch 
Bought, pret. of to buy— s. a knot, a flexure 
Bougie', s. a wax-taper ; an instrument 
Bounce, v. n. to leap, to spring ; to bully 
Boun'cer, s. a boaster, a bully ; a lie 
Bound, Bound'ary, s- a limit, a mark, an end 
Bound, v. to jump, spring, fly back ; to limit 
Bound, a. destined for, going to 
Bound'less, a. unlimited, infinite, unconfined 
Bound'stone, s. a stone to play with 
Bounteous, Bount'iful, a. liberal, generous 
Bount'eously, Bount'ifully, ad. liberally 
Boun'ty, /. generosity, munificence 
Bour'geon, v. n. to sprout, to bud, to shoot 
Bourn, /. a bound, limit ; brook ; torrent 
Bouse, or Boose, v. n. to drink to excess 
Bous'y, a. muddled with liquor, drunk 

Bout, j. a trial, an essay, an attempt 
Bou'tefeu, s. an incendiary; a disturber 
Bow, s. an inclination of the body in token of 
respect ; an instrument to shoot arrows; 
a knot made with a ribbon 
Bow, v. to bend, to stoop, to crush 
Bow'elless, a. cruel, unfeeling, merciless 
Bow'els, i. the intestinal parts of the body ; 

compassion, tenderness 
BGw'er, s. an arbour in a garden ; an anchor 
Bow'ery, a. shady, retired, cool 
Bowl, s. the hollow of a cup or glass ; a ves- 
sel to make punch in ; a wooden ball 
Bowl, v. to play at bowls ; to roll, trundle 
Bo'wlegged, a. having crooked legs 
Bowl'er, s. one who bowls, or plays at bowls 
Bow'line, s. the name of a ship's rope 
Bowl'ing-green, s. a level green for bowlers 
Bow'man, s. an archer ; shooter with bows 
Bow'sprit, f. the mast that projects in a slop- 
ing direction from a ship's head 
Bow'string, s. the string used for a bow 
Bow'yer, s. an archer ; a maker of bows 
Box, s. a case made of wood ; a blow 
Box, v. a. to strike ; to pack in a box 
Box'er j /. one who fights with the fist 
Boy, s. a male child, a youth 
Boy'ish, a. childish, simple, like a boy 
Boy'ishness, Boy'ism, s. childishness, play 
Brab'ble, s. a clamour, a broil ../i>. n. to contest 
Brace, s. a bandage ; tightness ; pair ; a line 
Brace, v. a. to bind ; to tighten, to strain up 
Bra'ced, part, bound, made tight, strained up 
Bm'celet, s. an ornament for the wrists 
Bra'cer, s. a bandage ; any thing that tightens 
Bra'chial, a. belonging to the arm 
Brachyg'raphy,x. the art or practice of writ- 
ing in a short compass 
Brack, s. a breach, a crack...v. a. to salt 
Brack'et, s. a small support made of wood 
Brack'ish, a. saltish, like sea water 
Brad, ;. a thin sort of nails used in floors 
Brag, /. a boast ; a game at cards 
Brag, i». n. to boast, to swagger, to puff 
Braggadc'cio, /. a boaster, a swaggerer 
Brag'gart, Brag'ger, s. a vain, puffing fellow 
Braid, v. a. to weave together, to plait 
Braid, s. a sort of lace ; a knot ; false hair 
Brails, s. ropes used to draw up a ship's sails 
Brain, s. the collection of vessels and organs 
within the skull, fiom which sense and 
motion arise ; sense, understanding 
Brain, v. to kill by beating out the brains 
Brain'less, a. silly, foolish, weak, thoughtless 
Brain'pan, s. the skull containing the brains 
Brain'sick, a. diseased in the understanding 
Brait, s. a rough, unpolished diamond 
Brake, s. a thicket of brambles ; an instru- 
ment for dressing flax ; a kneading trough 
Bra'ky, a. prickly, thorny, foul, thick 

B R E 


B R I 

Bram'ble, s. a prickly, or thorny bush 
Bra'min, /. a Gentoo priest 
Bran, j. the husks of ground corn 
Branch, s. a small bough, a shoot ; offspring 
Branch, v. to spread in branches, to adorn 
Brand, v. a. to mark with a brand, to burn 
Brand, s. a mark of infamy ; a lighted stick 
Brand'ed, part, burnt with iron ; disgraced 
Brand'ish, v. a. to wave, to shake, to flourish 
Brand'ling, s. a small worm ; the dew worm 
Bran'dy, s. a strong distilled liquor 
Bran'gle, s. a quarrel, a dispute, a wrangle 
Brank, s. a sort of grain called buck wheat 
Bran'ny, a. consisting of bran ; dry ; foul 
Bra'sier, t. one who works in brass 
Brasi'l, j. an American wood for dying red 
Brass, s. a yellow metal made by mixing 

copper and lapis calaminaris ; impudence 
Brass'y, a. hard as brass ; made of brass ; bold 
Brat, s. a child, by way of contempt 
Brava'do, s. a boast, a brag, a threat 
Brave, a. courageous, gallant, noble 
Brave, v. a. to challenge, to defy, to hector 
Bra'vely, ad. gallantly, nobly, generously 
Bra'very,x. courage, magnanimity, show 
Bra'vo, s. one who murders for hire 
Brawl, v. n. to quarrel, to speak loudly 
Brawl'er,x. a wrangler, a quarrelsome person 
Brawn, ;. the hard flesh of a boar 
Brawn'inessjj-. strength, hardiness 3 robustness 
Brawn'y, a. fleshy, strong, muscular 
Bray, s. the noise of an ass, harsh cry 
Bray, v. to bruise or pound in a mortar ; to 

bray like an ass, to make an harsh noise 
Bray'er, s. one that biays like an ass ; with 

printers, an instrument to stir up ink 
Braze, v. a. to solder with brass 
Bra'zen, a. made of brass ; bold, daring 
Bra'zenface, s. a bold, impudent person 
Bra'zenness,*. appearing iike brass,impudence 
Breach, s. an opening, a gap ; a quarrel 
Bread, s. food made of ground corn : support 
Bread-corn, s. corn of which bread is made 
Breadth, s. the measure from side to side 
Break, v. to part or burst by violence ; to 
tame ; to train to obedience ; to become 
bankrupt ; to fall out ; to discard from office 
Break, s. an opening, a breach, a failure 
Break'ers, s. waves which break violently 

over points of sunk rocks or sand banks 
Break'fast, s. the first meal...r>. n. to eat 
Bream, /. the name of a fish...i>. to burn filth 

from a ship's bottom 
Breast, s. that part of tbe body which con- 
tains the heart and lungs ; the bosom ; 
the conscience ; the heart 
Breast-high, a. as high as the breast 
Breast'knot, s. ribbons worn on the breast 
Breast'plate, s. armour for the breast 
Bveast'work, s. a guard raised bieast-bigh 

Breath, s. life ; air drawn in and discharged 

by the lungs ; moving air ; an instant 
Breathe, v. to draw breath ; to live ; to rest 
Bre'athing, s. a vent, secret prayer, respite 
Breath'less, a. out of breath, hurried ; dead 
Breech, s. the hinder part of a gun, &c. 
Breech'es, s. part of a man's apparel 
Breed, v. to hatch, to plot •, to cause 
Breed, s. a cast, sort, offspring, number 
Breed'ing, s. education, manners ; nurture 
Breeze, t. a gentle gale ; a stinging fly 
Breez'y, a. fanned with gentle gales, cool 
Bret, s. a fish of the turbot kind 
Breth'ren, s. the plural of brother 
Breve, s. a note in music ; a summons 
Bre'viary, s. a Romish priest's office book 
Bre'viat, s. a short compendium, an extract 
Brevie'r,*. a small kind of printing letter 
Brev'ity, Briefness, s. conciseness, shortness 
Brew, v. to make liquors ; to contrive 
Bre w'er, ;. one who brews ; one who contrives 
Brew'house, ;. a place appropriated to brewing 
Brewi's, s. bread lightly boiled in pottage 
Bribe, s. a reward given to pervert judgment 
Bribe, v. a. to gain by gifts ; to hire 
Bri'bsry, s. the act or crime of bribing ; hire 
Brick, s. a piece of burnt clay ; a small loaf 
Brick'bat, s. a broken piece of a brick 
Brick'dust, s. dust made by pounding bricks 
Brick'kiln, s. a place where bricks are burnt 
Brick'iayer, /. a brick mason 
Bri'dal, a. relating to marriage, nuptial 
Bride, s- a newly-married woman 
Eri'dc-cake, s. cake distributed at ?. wedding 
Bri'degroom, s. a newly-married man 
Bri'demaid, s. a woman who attends th© 

bride at the marriage ceremony 
Bri'dewelljj. a house of correction 
Bridge, *. a building over water, for the con- 
venience of passing ; the upper part of the 
nose ; supporter of the strings in a violin 
Bri'dle,*. the head reins of a horse, a check 
Bri'dle, v. to restrain, to guide, to check 
Bri-'dle-hand,f .thehand which holds the bridle 
Brief, s. an epitome ; short extract ; letters 
patent for charitable collections. ..a. short 
Briefness, t. conciseness, shortness 
Biie'fly,«rf. concisely, shortly, in few words 
Bri'er, s. a prickly bush, a species of rose tree 
Bri'ery, a. full of briers, rough, prickly 
Briga'de, s. a party, or division of soldiers 
Brigadie'r-general, s. an officer next in rank 

to a major-general 
Briga'nd, s. a thief, freebooter, plunderer 
Brig/antine, /. a small vessel ; a coat of mail 
Bright, a. shining, clear ; witty ; famous 
Bright'en, v. to polish, to make bright 
Brightness, s. acuteness, wit ; bright state 
Brilliancy, s. lustre, splendour 
Bril'iiant, a. sparkling..*;, a fine diamond 

B R O 


Brim, s. the edge ; lip ; bank of a fountain 
Erim'mer, s. a glass full to the brim 
Brim'stone, s. a yellow mineral ; sulphur 
Brin'ded, or Brin'dled, a. streaked, spotted 
Brine, s. dissolved salt ; the sea ; tears 
Bring, v. a. to fetch, conduct, prevail on 
Bri'nish, Briny, a. saltish, like brine 
Brink, s. the edge of a place, a precipice 
Brisk, a. quick, lively, strong, active 
Brisk'et, ;. the breast of an animal 
Brisk'ly, ad. actively, quickly, nimbly 
Brisk'ness, s. liveliness, quickness, gaiety 
Bris'tle, /. the hair on a swine's back 
Bris'tle, v. n. to stand erect as bristle .- 
Brist'ly, a. set with bristles, rough, angry 
Bris'tolstone, j, a kind of soft diamond 
Brit, j. the name of a fish 
Brit'ish, a. belonging to, or made in, Britain 
Brit'on, /. a native of Great Britain 
Brit'tle, a. apt to break, weak, frail 
Brit'tleness, s. aptness to break, tenderness 
Brize, s. the gad fly 

Broach, v. a. to tap a vessel, to give out 
Bro'ached, part, tapped, pierced, uttered 
Bro'acher, s. a teller of a thing ; a spit 
Broad, a. wide, extended, vulgar, coarse 
Broad'cloth, s. fine kind of woollen cloth 
Broad'ness, s. breadth ; extent from side to 

side ; coarseness, fulsomeness 
Broad'side, s. the side of a ship ; a discharge 
of all the guns from one side of a ship at 
once ; a large single sheet of paper 
Eroad'sword, s. a sword with a broad blade 
Broca'de, s. a kind of fine flowered siik 
Bro'cage, ;. profit gained by promoting bar- 

gains ; dealing in old things ; hire 
Brock, j. a badger 

Brock'et, s. a red deer two years old 
Broc'oli, s. a species of cabbage 
Brogue, s. a kind of shoe ; corrupt dialect 
Broil, s. a disturbance, tumult, quarrel 
Broil, -Os to roast on the fire, to be hot 
Bro'ken } part, destroyed, shivered, reduced 
Bro'ker, s. one who does business for others 
Bro'kerage, s. the pay or reward of a broker 
Bronch'ial,tf. belonging to the throat 
Bron'chocele, :. a tumour of that part of the 
aspera arteria, called the bronchos ; gene- 
rally called the Derby neck 
Bronze, s. brass, brass colour ; a medal 
Brooch, s. a jewel, an ornament of jewels 
Erood, s. offspring ; production ; the num- 
ber of chickens hatched at once 
Brood, v. to sit on eggs ; to watch anxiously 
Brook, s. a little river, a rivulet 
Brook, v. to endure, to bear, to suffer 
Broom, i. a shrub ; a besom to sweep with 
Broom'y, a. full of or like broom 
Broth, s. liquor in which flesh is boiled 
Erc/ther, ;. a male born of the same parents 

Bre'therhood, s. union, society, class 
Bro'therly, a. like brothers, very fond 
Brow, s. the forehead ■, edge of a place 
Browheat, v. a. to bear down, to humble, to 

depress with stern looks or angry words 
Brown, s. the name of a colour 
Brown'ish, a. inclined to brown, reddish 
Brownstud*y, s. deep meditation or thought 
Browse, s. underwood, sprouts of trees 
Browse, v. n. to feed on browse, to feed 
Bruise, -v. a. to hurt with blows, to crush 
Bruise, /. a hurt from a blow, a spot 
Bru'ising, /. the art of boxing ; a crushing 
Bruit, s. a report, a noise.-.-y. to noise about 
Bru'mal, a. cold, belonging to winter 
Brune'tte, /. a brown complexioned woman 
Brunt, s- a shock, an onset, violence 
Brush, s. aninstrumentforsweeping; attack 
Brush, v. to rub with a brush, to skim lightly 
Brush'wood, x. rough, shrubby thickets 
Bru'tal, a. savage, cruel, inhuman, churlish 
Brutal'ity, j. savageness, inhumanity 
Bru'taiize, v. to make savage or brutal 
Bru'tally, ad. churlishly, inhumanly 
Brute, s. a creature without reason 
Brute, a. senseless, savage, fierce, wild 
Bru'tish, a, resembling a beast •, unpolite 
Bry'ony, /. the name of a plant 
Bub, j. strong malt liquor ; any strong liquor 
Bub'ble, x. a water bladder; a cheat, a cully 
Buc'caniers, s. pirates in America 
Buck, s. water to wash clothes ; the male of 

rabbits, deer, &c. 
Buck'bean, s. a plant ; a sort of trefoil 
Buck'et, s. a vessel to draw up water in 
Buc'kle, s. a fastening...?;, to fasten with a 

buckle i to condescend ; to engage 
Buckler, s. a shield. ..v. a. to defend, support 
Buck'ram, /. cloth stiffened with gum 
Buck'skin, s. leather made of buck's skin 
Buck'thorn, /. a thorn, a prickly bush 
Bucolics, s. pastoral songs, rural dialogues 
Bud, s, the first shoot of a plant, a germ 
Bud, 13. to put forth buds j inoculate; graft 
Budge, v. n. to stir, to go, to move off 
Budg'et, j. a bag, a pouch, store ; proposal 
Buff, s. leather made of a buffalo's skin ; 

colour resembling yellow; a military coat 
Buff, Buffet, v. a . to box, to beat, to strike 
Buffalo, ;. a kind of wild bull 
Buffet', /. a kind of cupboard to hold china 
Buffet, s. a blow with the fist, a stroke 
Buffoo'n, s. an arch fellow, alow jester 
Buffoon'ery, s. low jests, mimickry 
Bug, s. a disagreeable insect bred in beds 
Bug'bear, s. a frightful object; a false terrpr 
Bu'gle, s. a small bead of glass, a plant 
Bu'glehorn, s. a hunting horn 
Build, v. to raise a building ; to depend 00 
Euild'er, s, one who builds houses 




Build'ing, t. an edifice or fabric built 
Bulb, s. a round root, such as tulips, &c. 
Bulb'ous, a. having round heads, large 
Bulge, v. n. to let in water ; to jut out 
Bu'limy, s. an enormous appetite 
Bulk, j. magnitude, size; the mass; a bench 
Bulk'head, ;. a partition made in a ship 
Bulk'iness, j. greatness of stature, or size 
Bulk'y, a. lusty, large, heavy, of great size 
Bull, s. the male of black cattle ; an edict of 
the Pope; a blunder ; a sign of the zodiac ; 
at the stock exchange, a cant name for one 
who nominallybuys stock for which he does 
not pay, but receives or pays the amount 
of any alteration in the price agreed on ; 
he who nominally sells is called the Bear 
Bul'lace, s. a wild sour plum 
Bull'baiting, s. a fight of dogs with a bull 
Bull'dog, s. a strong dog of great courage 
Bull'et, s. a round ball of lead or iron 
Bull'head, s. a heavy stupid fellow ; a fish 
Bull'ion, /. gold or silver in the mass 
Bulli'tion, s. the act or state of boiling 
Bull'ock, s. a young bull or steer 
Bull'y, s- a very noisy, quarrelsome person 
Bull'y, v. to hector, to swagger, to be noisy 
Bul'rush, s. a large rush growing by rivers 
Bul'wark, s. a fortification, a defence 
Bumba'iliff, t. a bailiff of the lowest kind 
Bum'boat, s. a small boat in which fruit, &c. 

are carried on shipboard for sale 
Bump, s. a swelling, a blow, a thump 
Bump'er, s. a glass full of liquor to the brim 
Bump'kin, s. a clown, a lout, a rustic 
Bun, s. a small kind of light cake 
Bunch, s. a cluster, knot, hard lump 
Bunch'y, a. growing in, or full of bunches 
Bun'dle, s. parcel of things bound up together 
Bun'dle, v. a. to tie up, to put together 
Bung, j. a stopper for a barrel 
Bun'gle, v. to perform any thing clumsily 
Bun'gled, part, done in a clumsy manner 
Bun'gler, s. a clumsy awkward workman 
Bunt'er, s. a mean, dirty, vulgar woman 
Bunt'ing, s . a thin linen cloth ; a bird 
Buoy, s. a large body of wood or cork fast- 
ened with a rope to an anchor to discover 
where it lies, or to mark shoals, sunk 
rocks, &.c 
Buoy, v. to keep afloat, uphold, support 
Buoy'ancy, s. the quality of floating 
Buoy'ant, a. that which will not sink ; light 
Buoy'ed, part, kept from sinking, supported 
Bur, s. the prickly head of the burdock 
Bur'bot, i. a fish full of prickles 
Bur'den, s. a load ; birth ; uneasiness 
Bur'den, v. a. to load, incumber, oppress 
Bur'densome, a. grievous, heavy, severe 
Bur'dock, s. a broad-leaved prickly plant 
Bureau', /. a set of drawers with a desk 

Bur'gage, s. a tenure proper to cities and 
towns conferring the privileges of a burgess 
Burgamo't, s. a species of pear ; a perfume 
Bur'ganet, s. an ancient kind of helmet 
Burgeons,!, a citizen ; asortof printing letter 
Bur'gess, ;. a citizen, a representative 
Burgh, s. a borough town, a corporation 
Burgh'er, /. a freeman ; one who has a right 

to vote, and possesses certain privileges 
Bur'glary, s. the crime of housebreaking by 

night, or breaking in with intent to steal 
Bur'gomaster, s. a principal citizen in Holland 
Bu'rial, s. the act of interring the dead 
Buri'ni, $. a tool for engraving, a graver 
Burle'sque, v. a. to ridicule, to lampoon 
Burle'sque, /. ludicrous language, a jest 
Burle'sque, a. merry, jocular, droll, laughable 
Burlet'ta, s. a ludicrous musical farce 
Bur'ly, a. blustering, falsely great, swoln 
Burn, v. to consume by fire, to be inflamed 
Burn, s. a hurt or wound caused by fire 
Burn'et, s. the name of a plant 
Burn'ing, s. state of inflammation 
Burn'ish , v. to polish, to make bright 
Burn'isher, s. an instrument used for burn- 
ishing; a person that burnishes or polishes 
Burr, s. the lobe or lap of the ear 
Bur'rel, /. a sort of pear ; an insect ; a bee 
Buv'relshot, s. nails, &c. shot from a cannon 
Bur'row, v. n. to make holes, to mine 
Bur'row, s. a corporate town ; a rabbit hole 
Burs'ar, s. the treasurer of a college 
Burse, s. an exchange where merchants meet 
Burst, v. to break asunder, to fly open 
Burst, s. a sudden breaking, an eruption 
Burst'ness, s. a rupture, a tumour 
Burst'wort, s. an herb good against ruptures 
Bur'then, s. see Burden 
Burt, s. a fiat fish of the turbot kind 
Bur'y, v. a. to put into a grave, to hide 
Bush, s. a thick shrub, a bough ; a fox-tail 
Bush'el,j.adry measure containing four pecks 
Bush'y, a. thick, full of small branches, &c. 
Bu'sily, ad. with hurry ; very actively 
Bus'iness, s. an employment, trade, affair 
Busk, s. a piece of whalebone, or steel worn 

by women, to keep down their stays 
Busk'in, s. a kind of half boot, a high shoe 

worn by the ancient a&ors in tragedy 
Buss, s. a small vessel, a fishing boat ; a kiss 
Bust, s. a half statue ; a funeral pile 
Bust'ard, s. a large bird of the turkey kind 
Bus'tle, s. a tumult, a hurry, a great stir 
Bus'tle,v. n. to be busy, to hurry, to stir 
Bus'tler, s. an active person, a busybody 
Bus'y, a. employed, active, officious 
Bus'ybody, s. a meddling officious person 
But, con. except, nevertheless, however, &c 
But,*, a boundary, limit, end of a thing 
Butch'er, ;. one who kills animals to sell 


3 7 

C A L 

Butch'er, v. a. to kill, to slay, to murder 
Butch'ered, part, killed, murdered, dead 
Butch'erly, a. cruel, bloody, barbarous, brutal 
Butch'ery, s. murder, cruelty ; a slaughter- 
But'ler, s. one who is entrusted with a gentle- 
man's liquors and plate ; an upper servant 
But'ment, /. the support of an arch 
Butt, ;. a mark ; object of ridicule ; a vessel 

made to contain iz6 gallons 
Butt, v. a. to strike with the head like a 

ram, &c. 
But'ter,.r. an unctuous food made from cream 
Butter, v. a. to moisten with butter 
But'terflower, s. a bright yellow May flower 
But'terfly, s. a beautiful winged insect 
But'teris, s. a farrier's paring instrument 
Buttermilk, s. the whey of churned cream 
But'terpump, s . a fowl ; the bittern 
But'tertooth, /. a large broad fore-tooth 
Buttery, s. a place where provisions are kept 
Buttock, s. the thick part of the thigh 

Button , v. a. to fasten with buttons 
Button, s. a knob or ball used for the fast- 
ening of clothes ; bud of a plant 
Buttonhole, s. a hole to fasten a button 
Buttress, s. a prop, a shore../u. n. to prop 
Bux'om, a. lively, brisk, gay, jolly 
Bux'omness, s. wantonness, amorousness 
Buy, v. a. to pay a price for, to treat for 
Buy'er, s. one who buys, a purchaser 
Buzz, s. a whisper, humming, low talk 
Buzz, v. to hum, like bees ; to spread secretly 
Buzz'ard, s. a hawk •, dunce, blockhead 
Buzz'er, s. a secret whisperer 
Buzz'ing, s. humming noise, low talk 
By, pr. denoting the agent; way, means 
By-and-by', ad. in a short time, presently 
By-law, s. private rules or orders in a society 
By-path, s. a private, or obscure path 
By-room, s. a retired, private room 
By-stander, /. a looker on, one unconcerned 
By-street, s. a private or obscure street 
By-word, /. a cant word, a taunt 


CTHE third letter of the alphabet ; it 
•> is used as an abbreviation of the Latin 

word, centum, an hundred 
Cab, s. a Jewish measure of three pints 
Caba'l, f. an intrigue, private junto 
Cabal, Cab'ala, s. the Jewish traditions 
Caba'l, v. n. to intrigue privately, to plot 
Cab'alist, s. one skilled in Jewish traditions 
Cabalist'ical, a. mysterious, secret 
Cabal'ier, s. an intriguer, a plotter 
Cabal'line, s. a coarse kind of aloes, used by 

farriers to physic cattle 
Cab'bage, s. a well known vegetable 
Cab'bage, v. a. to steal in cutting clothes 
Cab'in, s. an apartment in a ship ; a cottage 
Cab'inet, s. a set of drawers ; a room in which 

state consultations are held 
Ca'ble, s. a rope to hold a ship at anchor 
Cachec'tical, a. of a bad habit of body 
Ca'chet, ;. a seal, a private state letter 
Cachex'y, j. disordered habit of body 
Cac'kle,i;. a. to make a noise like a hen, &c. 
Ca'cochymy, s. diseased state of the blood 
Cacode'mon, s. an evil spirit, a demon 
Cadav'erous, a. relating to dead bodies, putrid 
Cad'bate, s. a worm, good bait for trout 
Cad'dis, s. a kind of tape ; a worm or grub 
Cade, a. tame, soft, tender, delicate 
Ca'dence, s. a fall of the voice, a sound 
Cade't, s. a volunteer, a younger brother 

Ca'dew, /. the straw worm ; an Irish mantle 
Ca'di, s. a chief magistrate among the Turks 
Cadu'ceus, s. Mercury's snaky staff 
Caftan, s. a kind of habit, Persian garment 
C?.g, s. a small barrel, a small cask 
Cage, s. place of confinement 
Cajo'le, v. a. to deceive, to flatter, to beguile 
Cajo'ler, s. a deceiver, flatterer, parasite 
Caiss'on, Caissoo'n, s. a chest of bombs or 

powder ; hollow fabric of timber 
Cait'iff, s. a base fellow, a wretch, a knave 
Cake, s. sweet bread...?;, a. to harden, unite 
Calaman'co, s. a kind of woollen stuif 
Cal'amine, s. a kind of earth ; ore of tin. 
Calam'itous, a. miserable, unfortunate 
Calam'ity,*. misery, affliction, loss 
Cal'amus, s. a kind of sweet scented wood 
Cala'sh, s. an open carriage, a head dress 
Calca'rious, a. relating to calx 
Calcination, s. the act of pulverizing by fire 
Calci'ne, v. a. to burn to a powder 
Calcog'iaphy, s. the art of engraving on bra3S 
Cal'culate, v. a. to compute, to reckon 
Calculation, /. a computation, reckoning 
Calculator, s. a computer, a reckoner 
Calculous, «. stony, gravelly, hard, gritty 
Cal'dron, s. a boiler, very large kettle 
Cnledo'nian, s. a native of Scotland 
Calefactory, a. tending to warm, heating 
Cal'efy, v. to make hot, to be heated 




Cal'endar,/. an almanac, a yearly register 
Cal'ender, v. a. to glaze linen, to smooth 
Cal'ender, s. a hot-press, engine to callender 
Cal'enderer, s. the person who callenders 
Cal'ends, s. the first day of every month 
Cal'enture, s. a sun-fever frequent at sea 
Calf, s. thick part of the leg ; young of a cow 
Cal'iber, s. the bore ; diameter of a gun barrel 
Cal'ico, s. an Indian stuff made of cotton 
Cal'id, a. very hot, burning, scorching 
Calid'ity, Cal'idness, s. intense or great heat 
Caliga'tion, ;. darkness, dimness, obscurity 
Cali'ginous, a. obscure, dark, dim, dusky 
Cal'igraphy, s. very fair, beautiful writing 
Ca'liph, s. the chief priest of the Saracens 
Cal'iver, s. a hand gun, an arquebuse 
Ca'lix, s. a cup ; a word used in botany 
Calk, v. to fill up the seams of a ship 
Calk'er, s. one who stops a ship's seams 
Call s v. a. to name, to invite, to summons 
Call, s. a demand, address, summons 
Cal'lat, Cal'let, s. a trull, worthless woman 
Callid'ity, Cal'lidness, s. craftiness, art 
Calling, s. an employment, trade, &c. 
Callipers, s. compasses having bowed shanks 
Callosity,*, a hard swelling without pain 
Cal'lous, a. hardened, brawny, insensible 
Cal'lousness, s. induration of the fibres 
CaI'low, a. wanting feathers, bare 
Calm, v. a. to quiet, pacify, still, compose 
Calm, s. repose, quiet, rest, peace, serenity 
Calm, a. unruffled, undisturbed, easy 
Calm'ly, ad. quietly, coolly, without passion 
Calm'ness,;.tranquillity,freedomfrom passion 
Cal'omel, s. mercury six times sublimed 
Calorific, a. heating, causing heat 
Calo'tte, s. a cap or coif; a circular cavity 
Cal'trop, s. an instrument of war with three 
spikes, thrown on the ground to annoy 
the enemies' horse ; a plant 
Calvary, s. the name of the mount on which 

Christ was crucified 
Calve, v. n. to bear or bring forth a calf 
Cal'vinism, /. the doctrine of predestination, 

&c . taught by Calvin 
Cal'vinist, s. a follower of Calvin 
Calum'ni ate, v. a. to accuse falsely, to revile 
Calumnia'tor, s. a false accuser, slanderer 
Cal'umny, s. slander, aspersion, false charge 
Calx, s. a powder made by fire, lime, &c. 
Cal'ycle, s. a small bud of a plant 
Cam'bering, a. rising like an arch 
Ca'mbrick, s. fine linen from Cambray 
Cam'el, s. a large animal, common in Arabia 
Cam'eo, s. a picture of only one colour 
Cam'era-obscura, s. an optical machine used 
in darkened chambers, through which the 
rays of light passing, reflect outward ob- 
jects inverted 
Camlet, s. a stuff made of wool -and silk 

Cam'omile, s. a fine physical herb 
Ca'moys, a. flat of the nose, depressed 
Camp, s. the order of tents for soldiers 
Campa'ign, s. a large open country ; the time 

an army keeps in the field in one year 
Campaigner, s. an old experienced soldier 
Campes'tral, a. growing in the fields, wild 
Cam'phor, Cam'phire, s. a white gum 
Cam'phorate, a. impregnated with camphor 
Can, v. n. to be able to...x. a vessel, a cup 
Cana'ille, /. the lowest of the people 
Cana'l v .f. a bason or course of water, a duel: 
Cana'1-tort/, /. a very fine kind of coal 
Canalic'ulated, a. made like a pipe or gutter 
Cana'ries, s. a cluster of islands in the At- 
lantic ocean, near the Barbary coast 
Cana'ry, s. a wine brought from the Canaries ; 

a dance...'*;, n. to dance, to frolic 
Cana'ry -bird, s. an excellent singing bird 
Can'cel, v. a. to blot out, destroy, make void 
Cancellated, a. cross-barred ; crossed by lines 
Cancelled, part, blotted out, erased, effaced 
Can'cer, s. a crab-fish ; one of the twelve signs 

of the zodiac ; a virulent sore 
Can'cerate, v. n. to grow cancerous 
Can'cerous, a. inclining to, or like a cancer 
Can'crine, a. having the qualities of a crab 
Can'dent, a. hot, burning, fiery, shining 
Can'did, a. white ; fair, open, honest, kind 
Can'didate, s. one who sues for a place 
Can'didly,#rf. uprightly, fairly, openly 
Can'dify, v. a. to make white 
Can'dle, s. a light made of tallow, wax, &c. 
Can'dlemas, s. the feast of the Purification 

of the blessed Virgin Mary 
Can'dlestick, s. an instrument to hold candles 
Can'dour, ;. an open temper, integrity 
Can'dy, v. a. to conserve with sugar, congeal 
Cane, s. a walking stick ; a reed from which 

sugar is extracted. ..v. a. to beat with a cane 
Candes'cent, a. growing white or cold, hoary 
Canic'ular, a. belonging to the dog-star ; hot 
Cani'ne, a. having the properties of a dog 
Can'ister, s. a box to hold tea; a small basket 
Cank'er, s. aworm; disease; eating humour 
Cank'er, v. to grow corrupt, corrode, pollute 
Cank'erworm, s. a worm that destroys fruit 
Can'nibal, s. a man-eater, vile wretch 
Can'non, s. a great gun for cannonading 
Cannona'de,T\ a. to batter with cannon 
Cannoni'er, s. one who manages cannon 
Canoe', s. an Indian boat 
Can'on, s. a rule, a law; the book of holy 

scripture ; a dignitary in cathedrals 
Canonical, a. regular, ecclesiastical 
Canon'ically, ad. agreeably to the canons 
Canon'icals, s. established dress of the clergy 
Can'onist, /. a doctor of canon law 
Canoniza'tion, s. the act of making a saint 
Can'ojiry, Can'onship, s. benefice of a canon 




C3n'opy, s. a cloth of state, spread over the 

head'; a tester ; the sfcy...-w. a. to cover 

with a canopy 
Cano'rous, a. musical, tuneful, loud 
Cant, s. obscure, corrupt words ; wheedling 
Cant, v. to wheedle, to flatter ; to toss 
Canta'ta, s. an air ; a grave piece of music 
Canta'tion, s. the a<ft of singing 
Can'ter, s. the gallop of an ambling horse ; 

an hypocrite 
Canthar'ides, /. Spanish flies for blisters 
Can'thus, s. the corner of the eye 
Cant'icle, s. song of Solomon, pious song 
Can'tie, v. a. to cut into pieces or parts 
Can'tle, Cant'let, *. a piece, a fragment 
Cant'o, u part of a poem, section, division 
Cant'on, s. the division of a country ; a clan 
Cant'on, Cant'onize, v. a. to divide land 
Cant'red, s. an hundred in Wales, a division 
Can'vas, ;. a coarse stiff cloth ; a soliciting 
Can'vass, v. to sift, to examine, to debate, 

to solicit votes, to sue for honours 
Can'zonet, ;. a short song or air 
Cap, s. a covering for the head, a reverence 
Cap, v. a. to cover the top, to puzzle 
Cap-a-pie, ad. from head to foot 
Capability, s. capacity, fitness, adequateness 
Ca'pable, a. intelligent, equal to, qualified 
Capa'cious, a. wide, vast, extended 
Capa'ciousness, s. largeness, width, a space 
Capa'citate, v. a. to enable, qualify, make fit 
Capa'city,/. ability, sense; state, space 
Capar'ison, s. a superb dress for a horse 
Capar'ison, r. a. to dress pompously 
Cape, j. a headland ; the neck-piece to a coat 
Ca'per, s. a leap, a jump ; a berry, a pickle 
Ca'per, v. n. to dance frolicsomely, to frisk 
Ca'per-busb, s. this plant grows in the south 

of France ; the buds are pickled for eating 
Ca'pering, part, skipping, jumping about 
Caph, s. a liquid measure of five wine pints 
Ca'pias, s. a writ of execution 
Capillary, a. small, minute, like a hair 
Cap'ital, a. chief, principal, fine ; criminal 

in the highest degree, deserving death 
Cap'ital, j. a principal sum ; a large letter ; 

stock ; upper part of a pillar ; chief city 
Capita'tion, .'. numeration of heads 
Capit'ular, s. a body of statutes ; member of 

a chapter 
Capit'ulate, v. n. to yield by capitulation 
Capitula'tion, s. the surrendering a town up- 
on certain terms ; stipulations, conditions 
Ca'pon, s. a castrated cock 
Capri'ce, s. a whim, fancy, humour 
Cap.i'cious, a. whimsical, fanciful, odd 
Cap'ricorn, s. a sign of the zodiac, the goat, 

the winter solstice, a fly 
Cap'stan, Cap'stern , .f. an engine to draw up 

great weights, as anchors, &c, 

Cap'sular, Cap'sulary, a. hollow as a chest 
Cap'sulate, Cap'sulated, a. enclosed in a box 
Cap'tain, s. the commander of a ship of war, 

a troop of horse, or company of foot 
Captation,*, the art of catching favour 
Cap'tivate, -v. a to subdue, to charm 
Cap'tive,j. one taken in war, a sia\e 
Captiv'ity, s. slavery, subjection, thrall 
Cap'tion, s. the act of taking any person 
Cap'tious, a. snarling, peevish, cross, surly 
Cap'tor, ;. one who takes prizes or prisoners 
Cap'ture, s. a prize, the act of taking a prize 
Capu'ched, a. covered over, as with a hood 
Capuchi'n, s. a friar ; a woman's cloak 
Car, s. a cart, a chariot ; Charles's wain. 
Car'ac, s. a Spanish galleon, a large ship 
Car'at,/. a weight of four grains 
Carava'n, s. a large carriage ; a body of trav- 
elling merchants, or pilgrims 
Caravan'sary, s. a public building erected for 
the conveniency of eastern travellers_, 
where they may repose, &c. 
Car'avel, Car'vel, s. a iight old fashioned ship 
Car'away, s. a plant producing warm seed 

used in medicine and confectionary 
Carbina'de, v. a. to cut or hack, and prepare 

meat for boiling or frying 
Car'bine, Car'abine, s. a small musket 
Carbini'er, Carabini'er, s. a iight horseman 
Car'buncle, s. a precious stone ; a red pimple 
Car'cass,j.the dead body of an animal ; a bomb 
Card, s. a complimentary note ; a painted 
paper used for games ; the paper on whiri. 
the points of the compass are marked ; an 
instrument with iron teeth 
Card, v. to comb wool ; to play at cards 
Car'damoms, s. medicinal seeds 
Car'diac, a. cordial, strengthening, cheering 
Car'dinal, a. principal, chief, eminent 
Car'dinal, s. a dignitary of the Romish 

church, a woman's cloak 
Car'dinal-points, s. east, west, north, south 
Car'dinal-virtues, s. prudence, temperance, 

justice, and fortitude 
Care, i. solicitude, anxiety, charge 
Care, v. n. to be affected with, to be anxious 
Care'en, v. to calk, to stop leaks, be laid up 
Care'er, s. a course, race, swift motion 
Care'ful, a. full of concern, anxious, diligent 
Carefulness,*, vigilance, great care 
Ca'reless, a. negligent, heedless, unmindful 
Ca'relessness, s. heedlessness, inattention 
Care'ss, v. a. to fondle, to endear 
Ca'ret, s. a mark in writing, thus, (a) to de- 
note thatsomethingwritten above,or in the 
margin, is wanting to complete the sense 
Car'go, s. a ship's lading, freight, great load 
Caricatu're, s. a ludicrous, droll likeness 
| Ca'ries, Cario'sity, s. rottenness of the bones 
I Ca'rious, a. rotten, decayed, putrified 




Cark, s. care, anxiety. ..v. n. to be anxious 
Cark'ing, part. a. distressing, perplexing 
Carle, s. a mean, rude man, a clown, a churl 
Carl'ings, s. timbers lying fore and aft in a ship 
Car'man, s. one who drives or keeps carts 
Car'melite, s. a begging friar ; a pear 
Carmin'ative, a. that which expels wind 
Car'mine, s. a bright red or crimson colour 
Car'nage, s. slaughter, havoc, devastation 
Car'nal, a. fleshly, lustful, sensual 
Car'naliy, ad. according to the flesh 
Carna'tion, s. a flesh colour ; a fine flower 
Car'neous, Car'nous,«. fleshy, plump, fat 
Car'nival, s. shrovetide, a Popish feast 
Carniv'orous, a. eating of flesh, greedy 
Carnos'ity, s. a fleshy excrescence 
Car'ol, s. a song of exultation or praise 
Car'ol, v. to sing, to praise, to celebrate 
Carous'al, s. a feast, festival, drinking-bout 
Caro'use, v. n. to drink hard, to tope 
Carp, v. to censure, to cavil...*, a fish 
Carp'enter, s. an artificer in wood, a builder 
Carp'et, s. a covering for a floor or table 
Carriage, s. behaviour, manners ; a vehicle 
Car'rier, s. one who carries ; a sort of pigeon 
Car'rion, s. any flesh not fit for food 
Car'rot, s. a common garden root 
Car'roty, a. red haired, very red 
Car'ry, v. to convey, bear, gain, behave 
Cart, j. a carriage for luggage...?;, a. to carry 
C^rte-blanche, s. a blank paper to be filled 
with conditions, entirely at the option of 
p the person to whom it is sent 
garte'i, s. an agreement between nations at 

war relative to exchange of prisoners 
Car'ter, s. one who drives a cart 
Cart'ilage, s. a gristle, a tough substance 
Cartila'ginous, a. consisting of gristles 
Cartoo'n, s. a painting on large paper 
Carto'uch, s. a case to hold balls 
Cartridge, s. a paper case to hold powder 
"Cart'ridge-box, s. a box containing cartridges 
Cart'wright, s. a maker or seller of carts 
Carve, v. a. to cut wood, stone, or meat 
Carv'ing, s, sculpture, figures carved 
Casca'de, s. a cataract, waterfall 
Case, s. a covering, sheath ; the state of 
things ; outer part of a house ; a circum- 
stance ; variation of nouns 
Case, v. a. to cover, to strip off, to draw up 
Ca'seharden, v. a. to harden the out side 
Ca'seknife, s- a large kitchen, or table knife 
Ca'semate, s. a kind of vault or arch of stone 
Ca'sement, s. a window opening upon hinges 
Cash, s. any money, properly ready money 
Cashi'er, s. a cash-keeper.. .v. a. to discard 
Cashoo', s. the gum of an East-Indian tree 
Cask, Casque, s. a helmet, a head-piece 
Cask, s. a barrel, a wooden vessel 
Ca-sk'et, ;. a small box, or chest for jewels 

Cass, Cass'ate, v. a. to annul, to make void 
Cass'ia, s. a very fragrant, aromatic spice 
Cass'ock, s. the long undergarment of a priest 
Cast, /. a throw ; mould; shade, squint 
Cast, v. to throw; condemn ; model ; contrive 
Cas'tanet, s. small shells of ivory or hard 
wood, which dancers rattle in their hands 
Cast'away, s. an abandoned or lost person 
Cas'tellany, s. the lordship of a castle 
Cas'tellated, a. enclosed within a building 
Cas'tigate, v. a. to chastise, to punish, to beat 
Castiga'tion, s. punishment, discipline 
Cast'ing-net, s. a net thrown by the hand 
Cas'tle, /. a fortified house ; a project 
Cas'tor, s. the name of a star ; the beaver 
Castrameta'tion, /. the practice of encamping 
Cas'trate, v. a. to lop away, make imperfect 
Castra'tion, s. act of gelding, curtailing, &c. 
Cas'ual, a. accidental, uncertain, fortuitous 
Cas'uaity, s. accident, what happens by chance 
Cas'uist, s. a person who studies and settles 

cases of conscience 
Cas'uistry, s. the science or skill of a casuist 
Cat, s. a domestic animal ; a kind of ship 
Catachrestical, a. far-fetched, forced, bad 
Cat'aclysm, s. a deluge, an inundation 
Cat'acombs, s. caverns for burial of the dead 
Catacous'tic, a. relating to reflected sounds 
Catalogue, *. a list of names, articles, &c. 
Cat'aphract,i. a horseman in complete armour 
Cat'aplasm, j. a poultice, soft plaster 
Cat'apult, s. an engine to throw stones, &c. 
Cat'aract, s. a waterfall ; disease in the eyes 
Cata'rrh, s. a disease of the head and throat 
Catarrhal, a. relating to the catarrh 
Catas'trophe, s. the change or revolution 
which produces the final event of a dra- 
matic piece, a final event generally un- 
Cat'cal, s. 3. small squeaking instrument 
Catch, v. to stop, lay hold on, ensnare, please 
Catch, s. the act of seizing, any thing that 
catches ; a song in succession ; a contagion 
Catch'ing, part. a. infectious, apt to catch 
Catch'poll, s. a serjeant, a bailiff's follower 
Catch'up, Cat'sup, s. a kind of pickle usually 

made from mushrooms or walnuts 
Catechet'ical, a. consisting of questions and 

Cat'echise,r\ a. to instruct by questions 
Cat'echism, s. a form of instruction by ques- 
tions and answers concerning religion 
Cat'echist, s. one who teaches the catechism 
Catechu'men, s. one who is yet in the first 

rudiments of Christianity 
Categor'ical, a. absolute, positive, express 
Cat'egory, s. a class, an order of ideas 
Catena'rian, a. belonging to a chain 
Catena'tion, s. a regular connexion, a link 
Ca'terj v. n. to provide food, to lay in. victual's 

C E A 



Ca'ter, Ca'terer, s. a provider of victuals 
Ca'teress, s. a woman who provides food 
Cat'erpillar, s. an insect, a grub ; a plant 
Cat'erwaul, v. n. to cry like a cat 
Cates, s. cakes, dainties, viands, nice food 
Cat'gut, s. a kind of canvas, gut for fiddle- 
Cathar'tic, a. purging, cleansing 
Cathe'dral, s. an episcopal or head church 
Cathe'dral, a. episcopal, antique, venerable 
Cath'olic, a. universal...*, a papist 
Cathol'icon, s. an universal medicine 
Cat'ling, s. a surgeon's knife ; fiddle-strings 
Catop'trical, a. relating to reflected vision 
Cat'sup, j. a kind of pickle. See Catchup 
Cat'tle, s. beasts of pasture, that are not wild 
Cavalca'de, s. a procession on horseback 
Cavali'er, s. a partizan, knight, royalist 
Cavali'er, a. gay, brave, haughty, proud 
Cavalier'ly, ad. haughtily, arrogantly 
Cav'alry, s. horse troops, horse soldiers 
Cava'zion, s. hollowing of the earth for cel- 
Cau'dle, s. a mixture of gruel or ale, with 

spice, sugar, &c. for women in childbed 
Cave, s. a den, a cell, hollow place 
Ca'veat, s. a law term, to prevent further 

proceedings ; a caution ; admonition 
Cav'ern, s. a cave, den, hollow place 
Cav'erned, Cav'ernous, a. full of caverns 
Caves'son, s. in horsemanship, a sort of 

nose-band, put into the nose of a horse 
Cauf, s. a chest with holes to keep fish in 
Cavia're, s. the spawn of sturgeon pickled 
Cav'il, v. n. to raise objections, to wrangle 
Cav'iller, s . a captious disputant 
Cav'ity, s. a hollow place, a cavern 
Cauk, !. a coarse kind of spar found in mines 
Caul, s. a part of a woman's cap ; net work of 
a wig ; the integument enclosing the guts 
Caul'ifiower, s. a sort of cabbage 
Caus'al, a. relating to or implying causes 
Cause, s. a reason, motive, party, source 
Cause, v. a. to effect, to produce, to occasion 
Cause'less,fl. having no just reason; original 
Cau'sey,Cause'way,;. a raised and paved way 
Caus'tic, s. a burning application 
Caut'elous, a. cautious, wily, cunning 
Caut'erize, v. a. to burn with irons ; to sear 
Caut'ery, s. an iron for burning ; a caustic 
Cau'tion, t. prudence, care, warning 
Cau'tion, v. a. to warn, give notice, tell 
Cau'tionary, a. given as a pledge, or security 
Cau'tious, a. wary, watchful, prudent 
Cau'tiously, ad. in a prudent, wary manner 
Cau'tiousness, s. vigilance, circumspection 
Caw, v. v.. to cry as a rook or crow 
Cease, v. to leave off ; to stop ; to fail : 

to be extinct ; to put a stop to 
Ce'aseless, a. never ceasing, perpetual 
D 2 

Ce'city, s. blindness, loss or want of sight 
Ce dar, s. a large evergreen tree 
Cede, v. a. to yield up, to surrender up 
Ceil, v. a. to overlay or cover the inner roof 
Celling, s. the inner roof, the upper part 
Cel'ature. s. the art of engraving 
Cel'ebrate, v. a. to praise, commend ; to dis- 
tinguish by solemn rites 
Celebra'tion, s. solemn remembrance ; praise 
Celeb'rious, a. famous, renowned, noted 
Celeb'rity, s. fame, celebration, renown 
! Celer'ity, s. swiftness, velocity, haste, speed 
i Cel'ery, s. the name of a salad herb 
j Celes'tial^.inhabitantcf heaven...^, heavenly 
| Cel'ibacy, Cel'ibate, s. a single life 
j Cell, s. a small close room ; cave, cavity 
i Cel'lar, Cel'larage, s. a room under ground 

where liquors or stores are deposited 
| Cell'ular, a. made up of cavities, hollow 
Ce'ment, s. that which unites ; mortar 
I Ceme'nt, -v. a. to join together, to solder 
j Cem'etery, s. a burial-place, a church yard 
Cen'otaph, s. an empty or honorary tomb 
Cen'ser, ;. a perfuming or incense pan 
Cen'scr, s. a magistrate of Rome who had 
the power of correcting manners ; one 
addicted to censuring others 
Censo'rian, a. belonging to a censor 
Censo'rious, a. addicted to censure, severe 
Cen'surable, a. deserving censure, culpable 
Cen'sure, s. blame, reproach, judgment 
Ceii 'sure, v. a. to blame, revile, condemn 
Cent, s. an abbreviation of the Latin word 

centum^ an hundred 
Cent'aur, s. a poetical being, represented as 
half man, half horse ; a sign in the zodi- 
ac, Sagittarius ; a monster 
Cent'enary, s. the number of an hundred 
! Centes'imal, a. the hundredth 
j Centif'idous,^. divided into an hundred parts 
j Centifo'lious, a. having an hundred leaves 
j Cent'ipede, s. a poisonous insect, with a con- 
siderable number of feet 
Cent'o, s. composition, consisting of scraps 
and fragments from various authors 
i Cent'ral, a. relating to the centre 
; Cen'tre, s. the middle, the chief place 
I Cen'tre, -v. to place on a centre, to rest on, 
; Cen'tric, a. placed in the centre 
j Centrifugal, a. flying from the centre 
j Centrip'etal, a. tending to the centre 

Cen'tupie, a. an hundred fold 
j Centu'riate,i>. a. to divide into hundreds 
j Centuria'tor, /. a name applied to historians 
who distinguish time by centuries 
Centu'rion, /. a Roman military officer who 

commanded an hundred men 
Cent'ury, s. an hundred years 
Cephal'iCj a. any thing medicinal for the 

C H A 

C H A 

Ceras'tes, s. a horned serpent 
Ge'rate, :. a salve made of wax 
Cere, v. a. to eover or smear over with wax 
Ce'recloth, Ce'rement, s. cloth dipped in 
melted wax in which dead bodies were 
Ceremo'nial, Ceremonious, a. formal 
Cer'emony, s. outward rite ; external form 

in religion ; forms of civility 
Cer'tain, a. sure, resolved, unfailing ; some 
Cer'tainly, ad. Indubitably, without fail 
Cer'taiuty, Cer'titude, s. a fulness of assur- 
ance, exemption from doubt 
Certificate, s. a testimony in writing 
Cer'tify, v. a. to give certain information 
Certiorari, s. a writ issued from the court 
of Chancery to call up the records of a 
cause therein depending 
Cervi'cal, a. belonging to the neck 
Ceru'lean, Ceru'leous, a. blue, sky-coloured 
Cerulif'ic, a. producing a blue colour 
Ceru'men, s. the wax of the ear 
Ce'ruse, s. white lead reduced to calx 
Cesa'rian, a. the Cesarian operation is the 

a& of cutting the child out of the womb 
Cess, s. a tax or rate, bound or limit 
Cessa'tion, s. a stop, rest, intermission of 

hostilities, respite 
Cess'ible, a. liable to give way, yielding 
Cess'ion, s. retreat, aft of gmng way 
Ces'tus, s. the girdle or zone of Venus 
Ceta'ceous, a. of the whale kind 
Chafe, v. to rage, fret, warm, make angry 
Chafe, s. passion, violence, fume, rage 
Chaff, s. the husks of corn ; a worthless thing 
Chaffer, v. to haggle, bargain, exchange 
Chaff erer, s. a dealer, hard bargainer 
Chaffinch, s. a small common bird 
Chaffy, a. full of chaff ; foul, light, bad 
Cha'fingdish, s. a portable grate for coals 
Chagri'n, s. ill humour, vexation 
Chagri'n, v. a. to vex, to hurt, to tease 
Chagri'ned, part, vexed, fretted, provoked 
Chain, s. a line of links, a series ; a fetter 
Chain, v. a. to fasten with a chain, enslave 
Cha'inshot, s. bullets fastened by a chain 
Chair, s. a moveable seat, a sedan 
Cha'irman, s. the president of any public 

meeting ; one who carries a sedan 
Chaise, s. a kind of light carriage 
Chalcog'raphy, /. art of engraving on brass 
Chal'dron, ;. a measure of 36 bushels 
Chal'ice, s. a cup standing on a foot 
Chalk, s. a kind of white fossil 
Chalk, v. a. to mark or manure with chalk 
Chalk'cutter, s. one who digs chalk 
Chalk'pit, s. a place where chalk is dug 
Chalk'y, a. consisting of chalk, white 
Challenge, v. a. to accuse, to claim, to call, 
to figbtj &c- 

Challenge, s. a summons to combat; demand 
Chalyb'eate, a. impregnated with steel 
Cham, Chan, s. the sovereign of Tartary 
Chama'de, s. the beat of a drum, denoting 

a desire of the besieged to parley 
Cha'mber, s. an apartment in a house 
Cha'mberlain, s. one who takes care of 

chambers ; the sixth officer of the crown 
Cha'mbermaid, s. a servant who has the 

care of rooms 
Charn'Metj-y. a. to variegate, to streak 
Chame'lion, s. an animal that is said to take 

the colour of whatever it is applied to, 

and, erroneously, to live on the air 
Cham'fer, s. the fluting in a column 
Charn'ois, s. an animal of the goat kind.; 

leather made of the goat's skin 
Champ, v. a. to gnaw, to bite, to devour 
Champa'ign, s. a flat open country ; a wine 
Champign'on, s. a small kind of mushroom 
Cham'pion, s. a single combatant, a hero 
Chance, s. fortune, even^ luck, misfortune 
Chan'cel, s . the east end of a church 
Chan'cellor, *. a great officer of state 
Chan'cery, s. a court of equity and conscience 
Chan'cre, s. an ulcer, a bad sore 
Chandeli'er, s. a branch to hold candles 
Chan'dler, s. a person who sells candles, &c. 
Change, v. a. to alter, amend, exchange 
Change, t. alteration, novelty ; 9inali money 
Changeable, Ciian'geful, a. inconstant, fickle 
Cha'ngeiing, s. a child changed for another j 

an idiot, a natural ; a waverer 
Chan'nel, s. the bed of running waters, a 

narrow sea ; a furrow in a pilbr 
Chant, s. a song, a melody ; cathedral service 
Chant, v. a. to sing cathedral service 
Chant'er, s. asinger in a cathedral ; asongster 
Chant'icleer, s. the cock ; a clear singer 
Ch^n'tress, s. a woman singer 
Chant'ry, s.z chapel for priests to 9ing mass in. 
Cha'os,j.a confused mass of matter ; confusion 
Chaot'ic, a. confused, indigested, mixed 
Chap, s. a cleft, an opening ; a beasfs jaw- 
Chap, t». a. to open, to crack, to divide 
Chape, s. a thin plate of metal at the point 

of a scabbard ; part of a buckle 
Chap'el, ;. a place of worship 
Chap'elry, s. the bounds of a chapel 
Chapero'n, s, a kind of hood or cap worn by 

the knights of the garter 
Chap'fain, a. having the mouth shrunk 
Chap'iter, s . the capital of a pillar 
Chaplain, s. a clergyman who performs 
divine service in the army or navy, or in 
a nobleman's or a private family 
Chap'less, a. without flesh about the mouth 
Chap'let, s. a wreath or garland for the head 
Chap'man,/. a dealer in goods ; a cheapener 
Chap'ped, Chapt, fart. f«« . cleft, cracked 

C H A 



Chap'ter, s. a division of a book ; an assem- 
bly of the clergy of a cathedral 
Char, s. work, done by the day ; a small fish 
Character, s. a mark ; reputation ; letter. 
In botany, the circumstances that distin- 
guish a vegetable from all others 
Characteristic, a. peculiar to, distinguishing 
Characterize, v. a. to give a character of a 
person ; to imprint ; to mark with a stamp 
Char'coal, s. coal made by burning wood un- 
der turf 
Charge, v. a. to entrust ; to impute as a debt ; 

to accuse ; to load a gun ; to command 
Charge, j. trust ; expense ; onset ; command 
Charge'able, a. expensive, costly ; accusable 
Char'ger, s. a large dish ; a war horse 
Cha'riness, s. caution, care, nicety, frugality 
Char'iot, s. a carriage of pleasure or state 
Chariote'er, s. a chariot driver, a coachman 
Cbar'itable, a. kind, bountiful, candid 
Char'ity, s. tenderness, love, good-will; alms 
Chark, v. a. to burn wood to a black cinder 
Char'iatan, s. a mountebank, quack, cheat 
Charlatan'ical, a. quackish, ignorant 
Charles's-Wain, s. the northern constella- 
tion, called Ursa Major, or the Great Bear 
Charlock, s. a weed, which grows among 

corn, with a yellow flower 
Charm, v. a. to bewitch, delight, appease 
Charm, s. a spell or enchantment, a philter 
Charm'er, s. one who charms, or enchants 
Charm'ing, part. a. very pleasing, delightful 
Char'nel-house, s. a receptacle for the bones 

of the dead, a vault for dead bodies 
Chart, si a delineation of coasts, &c. ; a map 
Chart'er, s. a privilege, immunity, or ex- 
emption, by royal grant, in writing 
Chart'ered;, a. privileged ; granted by charter 
Chart'er-party, s. a paper relating to a con- 
tract of which each party has a copy 
Char'woman, s. a woman hired by the day 
Cha'ry, a. careful, cautious, diligent 
Chase, v. a. to hunt, to pursue, to drive 
Chase, s. a piece of ground larger than a park, 
where beasts are hunted ; hunting itself ; 
pursuit of an enemy ; the bore of a gun 
Chasm, /. a cleft, an opening, a vacuity 
Chass'y* *• a window frame, a fastening 
Chaste, a. pure, uncorrupt, honest 
Cha'sten, Chasti'se, v. a. to punish, correct 
Chastisement, s. correction, punishment 
Chas'tity, Chas'teness, s. purity of the body 
Chat, v. n. to prate, to talk idly, to prattle 
Chat, s. idle talk, prattle, conversation 
Chat'ellany, s. the district under a castle 
Chat'tel, s. any moveable property 
Chat'ter, v. n. to make a noise like birds, or 
with the teeth ; to talk idly or carelessly 
Chav'ender, Chev'in, s. the chub, a fish 
ChawMron, /. the entrails of a beast 

Cheap, a. to be had at alowrate...j. a bargain 
Che'apen, v. a. to attempt to purchase, to 

bid for any thing ; to lessen the value 
Che'apness, s. lowness of price 
Cheat, s. a fraud, a trick ; a deceiver 
Cheat, v. a. to impose on, to deceive, to gull 
Check, v. to repress, curb, chide, control 
Check, /. a stop, curb, restraint, dislike, 

reproof ; a kind of linen 
Check'er, Chequer, v. a. to vary, to diversify 
Cheek, r. the side of the face, below the 
eye ; a name with mechanics for those 
parts of their machines that are double 
Cheek'tooth, s. the hinder tooth or tusk 
Cheer, s. entertainment, gaiety, jollity 
Cheer, v. to incite, to comfort, to grow gay 
Cheer'er, s. one who gives mirth, a giaddener 
Cheer'ful, a. gay, full of life, merry 
Cheer'fulness, s. alacrity, liveliness, mirth 
Cheerless, a. sad, gloomy, comfortless 
Cheer'ly, Cheer'y, a. sprightly, gay, merry 
Cheese, s. food made from milk curds 
Cheese'cake, s. cake made of curds, sugar, &c. 
Cheese'monger, s. one who sells cheese 
Cheese'vat, /. the wooden case in which the 

curds are pressed into cheese 
Che'ly, s. the claw of a shell-fish 
Che'rifiF, s. the high priest of the Moors 
Cher'ish, v. a. to support, nurse up, shelter 
Cher'isher, s. an encourager, a supporter 
Cher'ry, /. a fruit. ..a. ruddy, blooming 
Cher'ry-cheeked, a. having blooming cheeks 
Chert, s. a kind of flint, flint in strata 
Cher'ub, s. a celestial spirit 
Cheru'bic, Cherubin'ical, a. angelical 
Cher'up, v. n. to chirp ; to use a lively voice 
Ches'nut, Chest 'nut, s. a sort of fruit 
Ches3, s. a difficult game, in which two sets 

of men are moved in opposition 
Chessboard, s. a board to play chess on 
Chess'om, s. mellow earth 
Chest, ;. a large box or coffer ; the breast 
Chevali'er,/. a knight, a gallant man 
Chevaux-de-Fri'se, s. a military fence com- 
posed of a piece of timber, traversed with 
wooden spikes, pointed with iron, five or 
six feet long, used in defending a passage 
or tourniquet ; a kind of trimming 
Chev'en, /. a river fish, the same with chub 
Chev'eril, s. a kid ; kid leather 
Chew, -y. to grind with the teeth, to masti- 
cate ; to meditate on, to ruminate 
Chica'ne, Chica'nery,j.sophistry j wrangling; 

protracting a debate by artifice 
Chick, Chick'en, s. the young of hens 
Chick'enhearted, a. fearful, timorous 
Chide, v. to reprove, to blame, to reproach 
Chi'ding, part, reproving, rebuking, scolding 
Chief, a. principal, eminent...*, a leader 
Chrertess, a. having no leader, weafc- 

C H O 

C H U 

Chiefly, ad. principally, eminently, above ail 
Chieftain, s. a leader, a commander 
Chil'blain, s. a sore made by cold and frost 
Child, s. an infant ; male or female offspring 
Chi'ldbearing, s. the act of bearing children 
Chi'ldbed, Chi'ldbirth, s. the state of a wo- 
man bringing a child ; travail, labour 
Chil'dermas-day, s. the day of the week 
throughout the year answering to the day 
on which the feast of the holy Innocents 
is solemnized 
Chi'ldhood, s. infancy, the state of a child 
Chi'ldish, a. trivial, puerile, like a child 
Chi'ldless, a, having no children, barren 
Chi'ldren,. s. the plural of child 
Chil'iad, s. a thousand 
Chiliae'dron, s. a figure of a thousand sides 
Chil'iarch, s. a commander of a thousand men 
Chill, a. cold, depressed...*, chillness, cold 
Chill, v. a. to make cold, discourage, blast 
Chil'liness, Chil'ness, s. a sensation of shiv- 
ering, cold ; want of warmth 
Chilly, a. somewhat cold, frosty, raw 
Chime, s. a sound of bells, concord of sound 
Chime, v. n. to sound in harmony, to agree 
Chime'ra, s. an odd fancy, a feigned monster 
Chimer'ical, a. imaginary, whimsical 
Chim'inage,j. toll for passing through a forest 
Chi'mar, /. part of a bishop's vestment 
Chim'ney, s. a passage made for smoke 
Chim'ney-piece, s. an ornamental frame of 

marble, stone, &c round a fire-place 
Chin, s. the lowest part of a human face 
Chi'na, s. a country ; china ware, porcelain 
Chin'cough, s. a violent disease of children 
Chine, s. the back bone.-.-u. a. to cut in chines 
Chink, s. a small aperture longwise ; money 

in burlesque...^, a. to jingle like money 
Chink'y, a. full of chinks, gaping, open 
Chintz, s. Indian printed callico 
Chip, v. a. to cut into small pieces, to hack 
Chip, Chip'ping, s. a fragment cutoff 
Chirog'rapher, s. an officer in the Common 

Pleas who engrosses fines in that court 
Chirog'raphy, s. the act of writing 
Chi'romancy, /. divination by the hand 
Chirp, v. n. to imitate the noise of birds 
Chirp, s. the noise of birds or inse&s 
Chirur'geon, s. a surgeon, an operator 
Chirur'gical, a. relating to surgery 
Chis'el, s. a carpenter's tool to pare with 
Chit, s. a baby, a child ; a sprout of corn 
Chit'chat, s. prattle, common trifling talk 
Chitterlings, /. the guts ; the bowels 
Chiv'alry, s. military dignity, knighthood 
Chives, 1. the threads or filaments rising in 
flowers with seeds at the end ; a species 
of small onions 
Choc'olate, s. a preparation of the Indian co- 
coa-nut-shell ; the liquor made with it 

Choice,;, a thing chosen ; power of choosing; 

variety, plenty ; best part of any thing 
Choice, a. select, of great value ; careful 
Choice'ness, j. nicety, of particular value 
Choir, j part of a church ; a body of singers 
Choke, v. a. to suffocate, suppress, block up 
Choke, s. internal part cf an artichoke 
Cho'kepear, s. a rough, harsh, unpalatable 

pear ; any unanswerable sarcasm 
Chol'er, s. the bile ; anger, rage, irascibility 
Chol'eric, a. full of choler, angry, offensive 
Choose, Chuse, v. to select, to pick out 
Chop, v. to cut with a blow, to mince ; to 

devour ; to change 
Chop, a. a small piece of meat ; a cleft 
Chop'house, s. a house to eat provisions at 
Chop'in,j the Scotch quart, in wine measure 
Chop'ping, a. large, lusty, healthy, jolly 
Chop'ping, s. a sort of high-heeled shoe 
Chop'py, a. full of holes or cracks 
Cho'ral, a. belonging to or singing in a choir 
Chord, s. the string of a musical instrument 
Chord, v. a. to furnish or fasten with strings 
Chor'ister, Cho'rist, s. a singer in cathedrals 
Chorog'raphy, s. the art of describing partic- 
ular places ; teaching geography 
Cho'rus, s. a number of singers ; a concert 
Cho'sen, part, made choice of, selected 
Chough, s. a sea-bird which frequents rocks 
Choule, s. the stomach of a bird ; a jowl 
Chouse, v. a. to cheat, to trick.../, a fool 
Chrism, s. an holy unguent or oil 
Chris'om, s. a child that dies within a month 

after its birth ; a cloth 
Chris'ten, v. a, to baptize, to name 
Chris'tendom, s. the whole collective body of 

Chris'tening, s. the act of baptizing infants 
Chris'tian, s. a disciple of Christ 
Christianity, s. the religion taught by Christ 
Chris'tianize, v. a. to make Christian 
Chris'tian-name,;. the name given at baptism 
Christ'mas, s. the festival of the Nativity of 

Christ, the 25th of December 
Chromat'ic, a. relating to colours or music 
Chron'ic, Chron'ical, a. of long continuance 
Chron'icle, s. a history, register, record 
Chron'icle, i>. a. to record in history 
Chron'icler,/. an historian, recorder of events 
Chron'ogram, s. a kind of verse or descrip- 
tion, the numeral letters of which make 
up the date of the action mentioned 
Chronol'oger, s. an explainer of past, time 
Chronolog'ical, a. relating to chronology 
Chronol'ogy, s. the art of computing time 
Chrys'alis, s. aurelia, or the first apparent 

change of any species of insect 
Chrys'oiite, s. a precious stone of a dusky 

green, with a yellow cast 
Chubj s, the name of a fish, the chevia 

C I 1* 



Chub'bed, a. big headed, like a chub, stupid 
Chuck, s. the voice of a hen; a kind word 
Chuc'kle, v. to laugh much, to fondle 
Chuff, s. a blunt, clownish person. ..a. surly- 
Chum, s. a chamber fellow ; a messmate 
Chump, s. a short, heavy piece of wood 
Church, s. a place of divine worship ; the col- 
lective body of Christians; congregation 
Church, v. a. solemnly to return thanks in 

the church after child-birth 
Church'ing, s. the aft of giving thanks in 

the church after child-birth 
Church'man, s. a clergyman ; a member of 

the church of England 
Churchwar'den, s. a parish officer chosen by 

the minister and parishioners 
Churchya'rd, s. the ground adjoining the 

church, where the dead are busied 
Churl, s. a niggard ; a rustic, rude person 
Churlish, a. untraceable, provoking, selfish 
Churl'ishly, ad. rudely, surlily, brutally 
Churi'ishness, s. rudeness, ill nature 
Churme, s. a confused sound, a noise 
Churn, v. a. to make butter ; to agitate 
Churn, s. a vessel used to coagulate cream in 
Chyla'ceous, a. belonging to chyle 
Chyle,*, white juice of the stomach 
Chym'ical, a. relating to chymistry 
Chym'ist, s. a professor of chymistry 
Chym'istry, s. the art of separating natural 

bodies by fire ; preparing chymicsls 
Cic'atrice, s. a scar left by a wound 
Cic'atrize, v. a. to heal awound,to skin over 
Cicero'nian, a. like Cicero; pure, elegant 
Cicisbe'o, s. a gallant attending a lady 
Cic'urate, -v. a. to tame, to make mild 
Ci'der, s. a liquor made from apple juice 
Ci'derkin, s. an inferior kind cf cider 
Cil'iary, a. relating to the eye-iids 
Cili'cious, a. made of hair, hairy, rough 
Cim'eter, s. a Turkish hanger ; a sort of 

sword, short and recurvated 
Cinc'ture, s. a belt, sash, girdle, ring 
Cin'der, s. a coal burnt till the sulphur is gone 
Cineri'tious, a. having the form cf ashes 
Cin'gle,.r. a girth used for a horse 
Cin'nabar, s. vermilion ; red mineral 
Cin'namon, s. the spicy bark of a tree 
Cinque, ;. five, the number of five on dice 
Cinque-foil, j. a kind of five-leaved clover 
Cinque-pace, s. a grave kind of dance 
Cinque-ports, s, five havens on the eastern 
coast of England; viz. Hastings, Dover, 
Hithe, Ramsey, and Sandwich 
Ci'on, s. a sprout ; the shoot cf a plant 
Ci'pher, s, the character [o] in numbers ; 
the initials of a person's name interwo- 
ven ; a secret manner of writing...?/, n- to- 
cast accounts 
Ciphering, s. the art of casting accounts 

s Cir'cinate,?/. a. to make a circle; make round 

j Cir'cle, s. a round body, an orb ; a company 
Cir'cle, <v. a. to move round any thing; to 

enclose ; to confine ; to move circuiarly 
Cir'clet, s. a small circle or orb 

: Cir'cuit, s. space, extent, aft of moving round 
any thing ; visitation of the judges 

; Cir'cuit, v. n. to move in a circle 
Circu'itous, a. going round in a circuit 

| Cir'culav, a. like a circle, round ; vulgar 

i Circularity, s. a circular form 

| Cir'culate, v. a. to put about, to move round 

! Circulation, s. a circular motion, a return 
Circumam'bient, a. surrounding 
Circumam'bulate, v. n. to pass round about 
Cir'cumcise, v. a. to cut off the foreskin 
Circumci'sion, s. the aft of cutting off the 

foreskin, practised by the Jews, &c. 
Circumduct, v. a. to nullify, to contravene ; 

to carry or convey round 
Circurn'ference, s. a compass ; a circle, the 

periphery or limit of a circle 
Circumferent'or, s. an instrument used in 

surveying to measure angles 
Circumflex, s. an accent used to regulate the 
pronunciation of syllables, including the 
acute acd grave, marked thus [a} 
Circum'fiuent, a. flowing round any thing 
Circum'fiuous, a. environing with waters 
Circumfu'se, v. a. to spread round, to diffuse 
Circumfu'sion, s. the act of pouring round 
Civcumgy'rate, v. a. to roll or wheel round 
Circumi'tion, f. the act of going round 
Circumjacent, a. lying round any thing 
Circumlocution, s. the use of indirect ex- 
pressions, & circuit of words 
Circummu'red, a. walled or fenced round 
Circumnavigation, s. the act of sailing round 
Circumnavigator, s. one who sail3 round 
Circumrota'tion, s. the aft of whirling round 
Circumscribe, v. a. to enclose, limit, confine 
Circumscrip'tion, s. a limitation ; determina- 
tion of form or magnitude 
Cir'cumspeft, a. cautious, watchful, wary 
Circumspection, s. watchfulness, caution 
Circumspective, a. attentive, watchful 
Cir'cumstance 5 ;.an accident, event, incident 
Cir'cumstanced, a. situated, or placed 
Circumstantial, a. particular, minute 
Circumstantiate, v. a. to describe exactly 
Circumvalla'tion, s. a fortification surround- 
ing a besieged place 
Circumvention, s. the aft of carrying round 
Circumve'nt, v. a. to deceive, to over-reach 
Circumvention, s. fraud, deceit, prevention 
Circumve'st, v. a. to put, or garnish round 
Circumvolve, v. a. to roil round about 
Circumvoiu'tion, s. a turning round 
Cir'cus,*. area for sports, with circular seats 
Cisslp'ine, a. lying on this side the Alps 

C L A 



Cist, s. a case ; a coat ; an angry tumour 
Cis'tern, s. a vessel to catch or hold water 
Cit'adel, s. a fortress, a castle, aplace of arms 
Ci'tal, Cita'tion, s. reproof, impeachment, 
summons to appear before a judge; a quo- 
tation from another author ; enumeration 
Cite, v. a. to summon, to enjoin, to quote 
Cit'ess, s. a woman residing in a city 
Cith'ern, s. an ancient kind of harp 
Cit'izen, Cit, s. one inhabiting a city 5 a 

freeman...^, having qualities of a citizen 
Cit'rine, a. like a citron ; of a lemon colour 
Cit'rine, s. a species of crystal extremely pure, 
out of which jewellers cut stones for rings, 
&c. frequently mistaken for the topaz 
Cit'ron, s. a fruit resembling a lemon 
Cify, s. an episcopal town 
Civ'et, s. a perfume obtained from the civet 
cat. The Civet, or Civet Cat, is a little 
animal, not unlike our cat, excepting that 
his front is pointed, his claws less danger- 
ous, and his cry different 
Civ'ic, a. relating to civil honours, &c. 
Civ'il, a. political, civilized ; kind, polite 
Civil-law, /. the national law of a country 
Civil-war, s. an intestine war 
Civilian, s. a professor of civil law 
Civil'ity, ;. freedom, kindness, politeness 
Civ'iiize, v. a. to polish, reclaim, to instruct 
Civ'ilized, part, polished, improved, civil 
Cize, s. the surface of any thing 
Clack, s. part of a mill ; a continued noise 
Clack, 17. n. to talk fast, to let the tongue run 
Clad, pret. and part, of io clothe 
Claim, s. a demand of any thing due, a title 
Claim, 17. a. to demand of tight, to require 
Claimable, a. that which may be claimed 
Cla'imant, s. one who owns or demands 
Cla'imed, part, demanded, owned 
Cla'mber, v. n. to climb with difficulty 
Clamm, 17. a. to clog, to glue ; to starve 
Clam'miness, s. ropiness, stickiness 
Clam'my, a. ropy, viscous, sticky, moist 
Clam'cur, s. outcry, noise, vociferation 
Clam'orous, a. noisy, loud, importunate 
Clamp, s. a piece of wood joined to another 
Clan, s. a family ; a race ; seel of persons 
Clan'cular, a. clandestine, private, hidden 
Clandes'tine, a. secret, hidden, sly 
Clandestinely, ad. secredy, craftily 
Clang, Cian'gcur, Clank, s. a sharp ncise 
Clan'gous, a. making a shrill noise 
Ciank, i>. to clatter ; to make a loud noise 
Clap, 17. to strike together; to applaud 
Clap, s. a loud noise ; an explosion of thun- 
der; an aft of applause 
Clap'per, s. the tongue of a bell, &c. 
Clap'perclaw, 17. a. to scold, beat, chide 
Clarencie'ux, s. the second king at arms, so 
named from the duchy of Clarence 

1 Cla'ret, s. a light French wine 
i Clarification, s. the act of making clear 
j Clar'ify, 17. a. to make clear, to purify 
j Clar'ion, s. a martial instrument, a trumpet 
Clar'itude, Clar'ity, s. brightness , clearness 
Cla'ro-obscuro,j. the art of distributing lights 

and shades to advantage 
Clash, 17. to contradict, to oppose, to wrangle 
Clash, s. a noisy collision of two bodies 
Clasp, 17. a. to embrace, to hug, to hold fast 
Clasp, s. a kind of hook, a holdfast 
Clasp'er, s. the thread of creeping plants 
Class, 17. a. to range or set in order 
Class, Ciass'is, s. a rank, order, a degree 
Class'ic, s. an author of the first rank 
Classical, a. relating to authors of the first 

rank ; learned, elegant 
Clat'ter, s. a rattling confused noise, clamour 
Clat'ter, 17. to make a confused noise 
Clause, s. a sentence, a stipulation 
Claus'ure, s. a shutting up a hedge 
Claw, s. the foot of a beast, bird, or fish 
Claw, 17. a. to tear with claws, to scratch 
Clay, s. a common sort of earth 
Cla'y-cold, a. cold as earth, lifeless, dead 
Clean, a. free from dirt ; innocent, pure 
Clean, 17. a. to free from dirt ; to purify 
Clean, ad. quite, perfectly, completely 
Clean'liness, Cle'anness, s. neatness, purity 
Clean'ly, a. free from dirt; neat, pure 
Cleanse, 17. a. to free from dirt ; to purify 
Clear, ad. clean, fully, completely 
Clear, v. to brighten, to gain, to remove 
Clear,A.bright; guiltless ; plain ; unentangled 
Clear'ance, s. the act of clearing; acquittal 
Clear'er, s. brightener, purifier, enlightener 
Clearly, ad. plainly, evidently, honestly 
Clearness, s. transparency ; perspicuity 
Clearsighted, a. discerning, judicious 
Clear'starch, 17. a. to stiffen with starch 
Cleave, 17. to adhere, stick to ; split, divide 
Cle'aver, s. a butcher's instrument 
Clef, s. a mark for the key in music 
Cleft, s. a crack. ..part. pass, from to cleave 
Clem'ency, s. mercy, humanity, tenderness 
Ciem'ent, a. mild, merciful, gentle 
Clench, v. a. to fasten, to pin down, to bend 
Clepe, 17. a. to call, to name 
Clepsy'dra, /. an ancient instrument to mea- 
sure time by the running of water 
Cler'gy, s. the whole order or body of divines 
Cier'gyman, s. a person in holy orders 
Cler-'ical,«. relating to the clergy, orthodox 
Clerk, s. a clergyman; a scholar; man of 

letters ;. a secretary, or book-keeper 
Clerk'ship, s. scholarship, employ of a clerk 
Clev'er, a. skilful, dextrous, ready, fit 
Clev'erness, s. skill, knowledge, art 
Clew, s. a ball of thread, &c. ; a guide 
Clew, v, a. to draw up the sails to be furled 

C L O 



Click, v. n. to make a sharp noise 
Click'er, s. a caller in at a shop ; a servant 
Click'et, s. the knocker of a door 
Cli'ent, s. an employer of an attorney, &c. 
Cliff, or C lift , /. a steep rock, a precipice 
Climac'ter, s. every seventh or ninth year 
CHmacter'ic, a. containing a number of years, 
at the end of which some great change is 
supposed to befall the body 
CH'mate, Clime, s. a tract of land ; the air 
Cli'max,*. rhetorical figure ; gradation ; ascent 
Climb, v. a. to ascend up any place 
Cli'mber, s. one that climbs ; a plant 
Clinch, s. a pun, a witty saying ; part of a cable 
Clinch , v.a. to hold fast ; to contract ; to bend 
Clinch'er, s, a cramp, hold fast ; full answer 
Cling, v. n. to twine round ; to dry up 
Clin'ic, s. a person confined in bed by sickness 
Clin'ical, a. bedrid, sick, disordered 
Clink, v. a. to sound or jingle like metal 
Clink'er, s. a paving brick ; bad cinders 
Clin'quant, s. embroidery, spangles 
Clip, v.a. to cut short, to embrace, to confine 
Clip'per, s. a debaserof coin by clipping it 
Clip'ping, s. the part cut off...part. cutting 
Cloak, v. a. to hide, conceal, cover over 
Cloak, s. an outer garment, cover, blind 
Clock,;, an instrument to shew time ; abeetle 
Clock'work^r. movement by weights or springs 
Clod,;, a lump of earth or clay; adolt; a clown 
Clod'pate, Clod'pole, s. a stupid fellow 
Clog, s. an hindeiance ; a sort of shoe 
Clog, v- to hinder, obstruct, load, adhere 
Clois'ter, j. place of religious retirement ; a 

square with piazzas 
Clois'ter, v. a. to shut up in a cloister 
Close, v. to shut, conclude, confine, join 
Close, s. a small field enclosed ; pause, end 
Close, a. shut fast ; private ; sly ; cloudy 
Clo'sebodied, a. sitting close to the body 
Clo'sely, ad. secretly, slily, without deviation 
Clo'seness, s. nearness, privacy, heat 
Clos'et, s. a small private room 
Clos'etj-y. a. to shut up in a closet, to conceal 
Clo'sure, f. an enclosure, end, period 
Clot, v. n. to form clots, to coagulate 
Clot, s. any thing clotted ; a hard lump 
Cloth, s. linen or woollen woven for gar- 
ments ; the covering for a table 
Clothe, v.a. to cover with garments ; dress 
Clo'thier, s. a maker of woollen cloth 
Clo'thing,Cloaths,Clothes, s. garments, dress 
Cloud, s. a body of vapours in the air 
Cloud, v. a. to darken with clouds 
Cloud'capt, part, topped with clouds 
Cloud'less, a. free from clouds, clear, pure 
Cloud'y, a. dark, obscure, gloomy, sullen 
Clove, s. a spice ; grain or root of gar lick 
Cio'ven, part, cleft, divided, separated 
Cfo'ver, s. a species of trefoil kind of grais 

Clo'vered,tf. covered with clover 
Clough, s. a cliff ; an allowance in weight 
Clout, s. a cloth for any mean use ; a patch 
Ciout'ed, part, congealed, curdled 
Clown, s. a rustic, ill bred man ; a churl 
Clown'ish, a. uncivil, awkward, ill bred 
Cloy, v, a. to surfeit, glut, sate ; to nail up 
Cloy'less, a. that cannot surfeit or glut 
Cloy'ment, s. satiety, fulness, glut 
Club, j. a heavy stick ; a society ; suit of cards 
Club, v. it. to join in common expense 
Ciub'law, s. the law of arms, law of force 
Club'room, s. the room a club meets in 
Cluck, v. n. to call chickens as a hen 
Clumps, s. a stupid fellow, a numskull 
Clum'siness, s. awkwardness, unhandiness 
Clum'sy, a. awkward, heavy, thick, bad 
Clung, pre t. and part, of to cling...v. to dry as 

wood does...a. wasted with leanness 
Clus'ter, s. a bunch, body, herd, collection 
Clutch, s. a grasp, hand, paw, talon 
Clutch, v. a. to gripe, hold fast, clinch 
Clut'ter, s. noise, bustle, hurry, clamour 
Clys'ter, s. an injection into the anus 
Coa'cervate, v. a. to heap together, to add 
Coach, j. a carriage of state or pleasure 
Coa'ct, v. 11. to act together, or in concert 
Coac'tion, s. compulsion, restraint 
CoacVive, a. having the power of impelling 
Coadju'tant, a. helping, co-operating 
Coadju'tor, s. an assistant, helper, ally 
Coagme'nt, v. a. to heap together, to cement 
Coag'ulate, v. a. to curdle, to run into clots 
Coagula'tion, s. the act of, or body formed by 

curdling milk, &c ; concretion 
Coal, s . a mineral used for firing 
Coal'ery, s. the place where coals are dug 
Coale'sce,i\ n. to unite, join together, to close 
Coales'cence, s. act of uniting together 
Coali'tion, s. an union in one mass ; junction 
Co'aly, a. like coal, containing coal 
Coaptation, s. the adjustment of parts to 

each other 
Coa'rct, v. a. to straiten, confine, press 
Coarse, a. vile, rude, gross, not fine, large 
Coarse'ness, s. meanness, rudeness, roughness 
Coast, s. an edge, bank, side, shore 
Coast, v. n. to sail along or near to the coast 
Co'asting, s. sailing near the land 
Coat, j. a man's upper garment ; a petticoat; 

the upper covering of all animals 
Coax,i;. a. to wheedle, flatter, entice 
Co'balt, s. a kind of marcasite ; a mineral 
Cob'ble, v. a. to mend coarsely, or clumsily 
Cob'bler, s. a mender of shoes ; a bungler 
Cob'cal, s. a sandal worn by ladies in eastera 

countries ; an open slipper 
Cob'iron, s. an iron with a knob at one end 
Cob'swan, s. the head or leading swan 
tCob'web, i , a spider's web,.»«. trifling^ weak 




Cochine'al, t. an insect used to die scarlet 
Cock, v. a. to set up the hat ; to cock a gun 
Cock, s. the male of birds; a spout to let out 
liquids ; formof a hat ; part of a gun ; heap 
of hay ; the needle of a balance 
Cocka'de, s. a ribbon worn on a hat 
Cock'ahoop, ad. in high mirth and jollity 
Cock'atrice, s. a kind of serpent 
Cock'er, v. a. to fondle, caress, indulge 
Cock'er, s. one who handles or fights cocks 
Cock'erel, s. a young cock ; a small cock 
Cock'et, s. a ticket from the custom-house 
Cock'horse, a. on horseback ; triumphant 
Cock'ing, Cock'fight, s. a fight of cocks 
Coc'kle, s. a shell-fish; the weed cornrose 
Coc'kle, v. a. to contract into wrinkles 
Coc'klestairs, s. winding or spiral stairs 
Cock'loft, s. a room over a garret 
Cock'match, s. a battle of cocks for money 
Cock'ney, s. a Londoner ; a mean citizen 
Cock'pit, s. a place where cocks fight 
Cocks'comb, s. the upper part of a cock's 

head ; a plant ; lobeswort 
Cock'sure, a. quite sure, very confident 
Co'coa, s. a kind of nut, liquor made from it 
Coc'tion, s. the a<5t of boiling; digestion 
Cod, s. a sea-fish ; the husk of seeds 
Code, s. a book of the civil law ; a book 
Cod'icil, s. addition or supplement to a will 
Codi'lle, s. a term in playing at ombre 
Cod'le, v. a. to parboil, to dress badly 
Cod'ling, s. a sort of early apple 
Coef'ficacy, Coeffi/ciency, s. co-operation ; 
the power of several things acting to- 
Coemption, s. the act of buying up the whole 
Coe'qual, a. equal with, in the same state 
Coe'rce, v. a. to restrain by force, to check 
Coer'cion, s. a restraint, force, check, &c. 
Coer'cive, a. serving to restrain, forcible 
Coessen'tial, a. partaking of the same essence 
Coeta'neous, a. coeval; of the same age 
Coeter'nal, a. equally eternal with another 
Coe'val, s. a contemporary, of the same age 
Coe'val, Coe'vous, a. being of the same age 
Coexi'st, v. n. to exist together or at one time 
Coexistent, a. existing at the same time 
Coffee, s. the berry of an Arabian tree ; the 

liquor prepared from that berry 
Coffeehouse,* .a housewhere coffee,& sold 
Coffer, s. a money chest, a treasure 
Cofferer, s. a principal court officer 
Coffin, s. the chest to enclose dead bodies 
Cog, v. to flatter, to wheedle, to cheat, to lie 
Cog, s. tooth of a wheel by which it acts, &c. 
Co'gency, s . force, strength, power 
Co'gent, a. forcible, resistless, convincing 
Cogita'tion,f. thought, meditation, care 
Cog'nate, a. born together, alike, allied 
'tion, /, kiadredj relationship 

Cognise'e, s. one to whom a fine is made 
Cogniso'r, s. one who passes a fine to another 
Cogni'tion, $. knowledge, conviction, trial 
Cog'nizable, a. proper to be tried or examined 
Cog'nizance, s. a judicial notice ; a crest 
Cogue, s. a small wooden vessel ; a dram 
Cohab'it, v. n. to live together, &c. 
Cohab'itant, ;. one living in the same place 
Cohe'ir, s. a joint heir with other persons 
Coheir'ess, s. a woman who is a joint heiress 
Cohe're, v. n. to stick together, to agree, fit 
Cohe'rence, Cohe'rency, /. connexion 
Cohe'rent, a. sticking together, consistent 
Cohe'sion, s. a state of union, connexion 
Cohe'sive, a. having a sticking quality 
Co'hobate, v. «.fto distil a second time 
Cohoba'tion, s. a repeated distillation 
Co'hort, s. a troop of soldiers, in number SCO 
Coif, s. a head dress, a woman's cap 
Coigne, s. a corner 
Coil, v. a. to roll up a rope ; to wind in a ring 
Coil, s . tumult, noise ; rope wound in a ring 
j Coin, s. money stampt by authority 
J Coin, v. a. to make money ; to forge ; invent 
| Coin'age, s. the practice of coining 
j Coinci'de, v. n. to agree with, to meet, to fit 
I Coin'cidence, s. an agreement, concurrence 
j Coincident, a. agreeing with, united 
! Coin'er, s. a maker of money ; an inventor 
j Coi'tion, s. the act by which two bodies come 
together, &c. 
Coke, s. a cinder made from pit-coal 
Col'ander, s . a straining vessel ; a sieve 
Cola'tion, Col'ature, s. the acl of straining 
Colberti'ne, /. a kind of lace for women 
Cold, a. not hot ; not hasty ; chaste ; coy 
Cold, s. cold weather; chilness; a disorder 
Cold'ish, a. rather cold ; shy; reserved 
j Cold'ly, ad. indifferently, negligently 
| Cold'ness, s. want of heat ; indifference 
I Co'lewort, s. a sort of cabbage 
j Col'ic, s . a distemper affecting the bowels 
| Colla'pse, v. n. to fall close, or together 
j Coi'lar, s. something round the neck ; a band 
! Coi'lar, v. a. to seize by the collar 
I Col'lar-day, s. a day on which the knights ap- 
pear at court in the collars of their orders 
j Colla'te, v. a. to compare things similar ; to 
t examine that nothing be wanting; to place 
in an ecclesiastical benefice 
Collat'eral, a. side by side ; not direft 
! Colla'tion, s. a repast ; gift ; comparison 
Colla'tor,*. one who compares, presents, &< 
Col'league, s. a partner in office, or employ- 
ment ...v. a. to unite with 
j Colle'ct, i). a. to gather together, to infer 
Col'ledr., ;. a short comprehensive prayer 
Collec'tion,f- things gathered; a conclusion 
CollecVive, a. accumulative, apt to gather 
Colle&'ively, ad. in a body ; wholly 




Collect'or, s. a gatherer ; a tax-gatherer 
College, j. a house or school for learning 
Colle'gian, s. a member of a college 
Colle'giate, a. containing a college 
Collet, s. the part of a ring in which the stone 

is set ; any thing worn round the neck 
Collier, s. a digger of coals ; a coal-ship 
Colliga'tion, s. the act of binding together 
Colliquate,i/. a. to melt, to liquefy, to soften 
Colli'sion, s. act of striking together, a clash 
Col'locate, v. a- to place, station, fix, &c. 
Colloca'tion, u the act or state of placing 
Collop, s. a small cut or slice of meat 
Collo'quial, a. relating to conversation 
Col'loquy, s. a conference, conversation, talk 
Collu'sion, s. a deceitful agreement 
Collu'sive, a. fraudulent, deceitful, bad 
Colly, v. a. "to grime with coal, to soil 
Co'lon, s. this point [:], used to mark a 
pause greater than that of a semicolon, 
and less than that of a period ; the greatest 
and widest of the intestines 
Colonel, s. the commander of a regiment 
Colonise, v. a to supply with inhabitants 
Colonna'de, s. a range of pillars or columns 
Colony, s. a body of people drawn from the 
mother country to inhabit some distant 
place ; the country so planted 
Colophony, s. rosin, turpentine, pitch 
Colorate, a. coloured, died, tinged, stained 
Colorific, a. that is able to produce colour 
Colos'sus, Colos'se, s. a very large statue 
Colour, s. a green, red, blue, &c. a pretence 
Colour, v. to die; to tinge; to blush; to cloak 
Colourable, a. specious, plausible 
Colouring, j. an art in painting ; an excuse 
Colourist, s. one who excels in colouring 
Colours, /. a banner, flag, streamer 
Colt, s. a young horse ; inexperienced person 
Cclumbary, s. a dove, or pigeon house 
Column, s. a round pillar, part of a page 
Co'mate, /. a companion, an associate 
Comb, s. an instrument for the hair ; the 
crest of a cock ; the cavities in which bees 
lodge their honey 
Comb, v. a. to divide, to dress, to smooth 
Com'bat, s. a battle, duel, contest 
Com'bat, v. to fight, to oppose, to resist 
Com'batant, s. one who fights with another, 

an antagonist ; a champion 
Com'binate, a. betrothed, settled, fixed 
Combination, s. a conspiracy, an association 
Combine, -y. to unite, agree, link, join 
Combined, part, joined or united together 
Combustible, a. that which easily takes fire 
Combus'tion, s. a burning, hurry^ confusion 
Come, v. n. to draw near, happen, proceed 
Come'dian, s. actor of comic parts, a player 
Com'edy, s. a laughable dramatic piece 
Come'liaess, s , grace, beauty, dignity 

Come'ly, a. graceful, decent, handsome 
Come'ly, ad. handsomely, gracefully 
Com'et, s . a blazing star 
Com'fit, s. a kind of dry sweatmeat 
Com'fort, v. a. to ease, revive, make glad 
Com'fort, /. assistance, joy, ease, support 
Com'fortable, a. pleasing, dispensing com- 
fort, giving satisfaction 
Com'fortless, a. without comfort, forlorn 
Com'ic, a. raising mirth, relating to comedy 
Com'ical,^ diverting, merry, queer 
Com'ing, /. an arrival, a drawing near 
Com'ing, part, fond ; future ; to come 
Com'ma, s. a point marked thus [,3 
Comma'nd, v. a. to govern, order, overlook 
Comma'nd, s. a<ft of commanding ; order 
Command'er, s. a chief, a paving beetle 
Command'ress, s. a woman of chief power 
Commem'orate, v. a to preserve the memory 
Commemoration, /. a£t of public celebration 
Commen'ce, v. n. to begin, to assume 
Commen'cement, t. a beginning, date 
Comme'nd, v. a. to recommend, to intrust 
Commen'dable, a. laudable, worthy praise 
Commen'dam, s. a void benefice held by 

some person till a pastor is provided 
Commenda'tion, s. praise, recommendation 
Commend'atory, a. containing praise 
Commen'surable, a. reducible to some com- 
mon measure, as a yard and a foot are 
measured by an inch 
Cornmen'surate, m. a. to reduce to some com- 
mon measure,,.*?, equal, proportionable 
Commensura'tion, s. a reduftion of some 

things to some common measure 
Comme'nt, v n. to expound, to write notes 
Com'mentary, s. an exposition, annotation 
Commenta'tor, s. one who explains 
Commentltious, a. invented, imaginary 
Com'merce, v. n. to hold intercourse 
Com'merce, s. trade, traffic ; a game 
Commer'cial, a. relating to trade, trading 
Comme're, s. a common mother 
Commina'tion, j. a threat of punishment 
Commin'gle, i>. a. to mix or join together 
Comminu'te, v. a. to reduce to powder 
Comminu'tion, s. act of grinding to small 

parts, pulverization, reduction 
Commis'erable, a. deserving pity, mean 
Commis'erate, v. a. to pity ; to compassionate 
Comm5sera/tion, s. pity, sympathy 
Com'missary, s. a delegate or deputy 
Commission, s. a trust, warrant, charge 
Commis'sion, v. a. to empower, to intrust 
Commissioner, s. one empowered to act 
Commis'sure, s. a joint, a seam, a mould 
Commit, v. a, to intrust ; to send to pris-* 

on ; to give in trust ; to do a fault 
Commit'lee, s. a certain number of persons 
selected to examine or manage any matte* 


Commi'x, v. a. to mingle, to blend, to unite 
Commix'ion, Commix'ture, s. a compound 
Commo'de, s. a woman's head-dress 
Commo'dious, a. convenient, suitable, useful 
Commo'diousness, s. convenience, use 
Commodity, s. interest, profit, merchandise 
Com'modore, s. a captain commanding a 

squadron of ships of war 
Com'mon, a. equal, vulgar, usual, public 
Com'moiij s. an open country, public ground 
Com'rnonalty, s. the common people 
Com'moner, s. a member of parliament ; a 
student of the second rank at the univer- 
sities ; a man not noble 
Commoni'tion, s. advice, warning 
Com'monly, ad. frequently, usually 
Com'monness, s. frequency, an equal share 
Commonpla'ce, v. a. to reduce to general 

heads, to make notes 
Commonplace'-book, s. book for general 

Com'mons, s. the common people ; the lower 

house of parliament ; food on equal pay 
Commonweal'th, s. a republic, the public 
Commo'tion, j. a tumult, a disturbance 
Commo've, v. a. to disturb, to unsettle 
Gommu'ne, v. n. to converse, to impart 
Commu'nicant, s. one who receives the sa- 
crament of the Lord's Supper 
Commu'nicate, v. to impart, to reveal ; to 

receive the Lord's Supper 
Communica'tion, s. the aft of imparting or 
exchanging ; common boundary or inlet ; 
conference ; conversation 
Gommu'nicative, a. free, ready to impart 
Commu'nion, s. taking the Lord's Supper ; 

fellowship, union, intercourse 
Commu'nity, s. the commonwealth, the 

body politic, a common possession 
Commu'table, a. that may be exchanged 
Commutation, s. change of one thing for 

another, alteration, ransom, atonement 
Commu'te, v. a. to exchange, to buy off 
Com'paft, s . a contract, mutual agreement 
Compa'ft, a. firm, close, solid, exaft 
Compactness, s. closeness, firmness, density 
Companion, s. partner, associate, mate 
Com'pany, s. a number of persons assembled 
together ; fellowship ; a corporation, body 
of merchants ; small body of foot soldiers 
Com'pany, v. to accompany, associate with 
Com'parable, a. of equal regard or value 
Comparative, a. estimated by comparison 
Comparatively, ad. in a state of comparison 
Compa're, v. a. to liken or examine one 

thing by another, to estimate 
Compa're, t. comparison, similitude 
Comparison, s. the aft of comparing, a com- 
parative estimate, simile in writing 
Compa'rt, v. a. to divide, arrange, separate 



Compart'iment, s. division of a pifture, &c. 
Comparti'tion, s. the aft of partitioning 
Com'pass, v. a. to surround, grasp, obtain 
Com'pass, s. a circle, space, limits, power of 

the voice ; an instrument composed of a 

needle and card, whereby mariners steer 
Com'passes, s. an instrument for dividing, 

measuring, or drawing circles 
Compas'sion, s. pity, commiseration, feeling 
Compas'sionate, a. merciful, tender 
Compassionately, arf. tenderly, mercifully 
Compatibility, /. consistency, suitableness 
Compatible, a. consistent with, agreeable to 
Compa'triot, s. one of the same country 
Compee'r, s. an equal, companion, colleague 
Compee'r, v. n. to be equal with, to match 
Compe'l, v. a. to oblige, to constrain, &c. 
Compella'tion, s. the style of address 
Compen'dious, a. short, brief, summary 
Compen'dium, s. an abridgment, a breviate 
Compen'sate, Compen'se, v. a. to make a- 

mends, to recompense, to counterbalance 
Compensation, s. a recompense, amends 
Competence, Competency, s. sufficiency 
Com'petent, a. fit, qualified, adequate 
Competently, ad. properly, reasonably 
Compet'ible,*. suitable to, consistent with 
Competi'tion, s. a contest, rivalship 
Competitor, s. a rival, an opponent, a foe 
Compilation, s. a colleftion, an assemblage 
Compi'le, v. a. to colleft from various authors 
Compi'ler, s. one who compiles 
Compla'cency, s. pleasure, joy, civility 
Compla'cent, a. civil, affable, kind 
Compla'in, v. to murmur, lament, inform 
Compla'inant, s. a plaintiff in a lawsuit . 
Compla'int, s. an accusation or impeachment $ 

a lamentation ; a malady or disease 
Complaisan'ce, /. civility, kind behaviour 
Complaisa'nt, a. civil, obliging, kind, polite 
Compla'nate, Compla'ne, v. a. to smooth 
Complement, s. the full number, &c. 
Complements, a. filling up, completing 
Comple'te, a. perfeft, fall, finished 
Comple'te, v. a. to perfeft, to finish 
Comple'tion, s. accomplishment, fulfilling 
Com'plex, a. compounded of many parts 
Complex'ion, s. the colour of the face, &c. 
Complex'ly, ad. intricately, obscurely 
Compliance, s. submission, aft of yielding 
Compli'ant, a. yielding, bending, civil 
Complicate, a. compounded of many parts... 

v. a. to entangle, to join 
Complica'tion, s. a mixture of many things 
Com'pliment, s. an aft of civility...?;, to flatter 
Compliment'al, a. expressive of respeft 
Com'pline, s. evening service, vespers 
Complo't, s. a conspiracy, combination 
Complo't, v. a. to plot, conspire, join in 
Complot'ter, ;. a conspirator 



Comply', v. n. to yield or submit, to agree 
Compo'nent, a constituting, forming 
Compo'rt, v. to bear, to endure, to behave 
Compo'rt, Comport'ment, s. behaviour 
Compo'rtable, a. consistent, suitable, fit 
Compo'se, v. a. to quiet, settle, put together 
Compo'sed, part. a. calm, sedate, serious 
Compo'ser, s. an author, a writer 
Compos'ite, a. in architecture, the composite 
order, is the last of the five orders of co- j 
lumns, so named, because its capital is J 
composed out of those of the other orders < 
Composition, s. a mixture; an agreement 
or accommodation; a written work; the aft 
of discharging a debt by paying part 
Compos'itor, s. one who arranges the letters 

for printing 
Corn'post, Compos'ture, s. manure, dung 
CompoSt, v. a. to manure, to enrich earth 
Composure, s. order, form ; tranquillity 
Compota'tion, s. a drinking match 
Compo'und, v- to mingle, intermix ; to come 

to terms with a debtor 
Com'pound, s. a mass of ingredients 
Compounder, s. one who brings to terms, &c. 
Cornpvehe'nd, v. a. to include, to conceive 
Comprehensible, a. intelligible, conceivable 
Comprehension, s. knowledge, capacity 
Comprehensive, a. having the power to un- 
derstand, capacious, full, significant 
Compre'ss, v. a. to squeeze, to embrace 
Com/press, s. a bolster of linen rags 
Compress'ible, a. yielding to pressure 
Compression, s. aft of bringing parts near 
CompresSure, s. the aft cf pressing against 
Compri'nt, v. n. to print another's copy 
Compri'se, v. a. to contain, to include 
Comproba'tion, s. a full proof, attestation 
Compromise, s. a compact or bargain. ...v. a. 

to settle a dispute by mutual concessions 
Compt, .f. account, computation 
Comptro'l, v. a. to control, to oppose 
Comptroller, s. a supervisor, a direftor 
Compul'satively, ad. by constraint 
Compul'satory, a. compelling, forcing 
Compulsion, s. the aft of compelling, force 
Compul'sive, Compul'sory, a. forcing 
Compunc'tion, s. repentance, remorse 
Compurga'tion, s. a vouching for another 
Compu'table, a. that may be numbered up 
Computation, s. a calculation, an estimate 
Compu'te, v. a. to calculate, to reckon 
Compu'ted, part, calculated, estimated 
Com'rade, s. a companion, an associate 
Con, an abbreviation of the Latin word 

contra, against...i>. a. to study, to think 
Concam'erate, v. a. to arch over, to vault 
Concatenate, v. a. to link or join together 
Concatenation, s. a regular series of links 
Con'cave, a. hollow in the inside 

Concav'ity, s . the inside cavity, hollowness 

of a round body 
Con'cause, s. a joint or mutual cause 
Conce'al, -v. a- to hide, keep secret, cover 
Conce'alable, a. that which maybe concealed 
Conce'alment, s. the aft of hiding, shelter 
Conce'de, v. a. to admit, to grant, to yield 
Conce'it, ;. a fancy, idea, opinion ; pride 
Conce'it, v. a. to imagine, fancy, to suppose 
Conce'ited, pt.a. proud, opinionative, affefted 
Conceivable, a. that may be conceived 
Conce'ive, v. to become pregnant ; to think, 

to understand, to comprehend 
Conce'iver, s. one who comprehends 
Conce'nt, s. harmony, consistency 
Concen'trate, v. a. to drive into a narrower 

compass, contrary to dilate or expand 
Concen'tre, v. n. to bring to one point 
Concen'tric, a. having one common centre 
Concep'tible, a. intelligible, conceivable 
Concep'ticn, s. the aft of conceiving in the 

womb; a notion, idea, sentiment, &c. 
Conce'rn, v. a. to affeft, to interest, belong to 
Conce'rn, s. an affair, business, care 
Concerning, prep, relating to, or about 
Concern'ment, s. a concern, business, care 
Conce'rt, v. a. to contrive, to settle privately 
Con'cert, s. music in several parts, harmony 
Concession, s. a thing yielded, a grant 
Conch, s. a shell, name cf a fish 
Concil'iate, -j. a. to gain, reconcile, to win. 
Conciliation, i. the aft cf reconciling 
Conciliator, s. a peace-maker, a friend 
Concin'nity, s. neatness, fitness, decency 
ConciSe, a. brief, short, contiafted 
Conciseness, s. shortness, brevity, force 
Concision, s. a cutting eff, excision 
Concita'tion, s. a stirring up, disturbance 
Con'clave, j. an assembly of Cardinals, Sec. 
Conclu'de, v. a. to finish, close, determine 
Conclu'dent, a. decisive, convincing 
Conclusion, s. the close, end, consequence 
Conclusive, a. decisive, convincing, strong 
Concoag'ulate, v. a. to congeal together 
Conco'ft, v. a. to digest by the stomach 
Concoc'tion, s. digestion in the stomach 
Concomitance, s. a subsisting together 
Concom'itant, a. accompanying, joined to 
Concom'itant, s. a companion, attendant 
Con'cord, s. agreement, harmony, union 
Concordance, s. an index to the scripture*- 
Conccr'dant,tf. agreeing, suitable, fit 
Concor'date, s. a compact, a convention 
Concor'porate, v. a. to unite in one mass 
Con'course, ;. a great number of persons as- 
sembled together, a meeting 
Concrete, v. a. to form into one mass 
Con'crete,*?. composed of different matters, 

or dissimilar principles 
Concretion, s. an union of parts, a mass 




Con'cubine, s. a woman kept in fornication 
Concu'piscence, s. irregular desire, sensuality 
Concu'r, v. n. to agree in one opinion 
Concurrence, s. union, help, joint claim 
Concurrent, a. acting in conjunction 
Conuur'rentaess, s, a concurrent state 
Concus'sion, s. the act of shaking, agitation 
Conde'mn, v. a. to passsentenceon,to blame 
Condemnation, s. a sentence of punishment 
Condemnatory, a. passing a condemnation 
Condens-'ate, v. a. to make thick or dark 
Condensation,.?, the aft of thickening 
Gonden'se, v. to grow thick or close...fl. thick 
Condenser, s. a vessel for condensing air 
Oondens'ity, s. the state of being condensed 
Con'ders, s. those who direct herring fishers 
Condescend, v. n. to yield, stoop, bend 
Condescension, s. submission, courtesy 
Cond^'gn, a. deserved, merited, suitable 
Condiment, s. seasoning, sauce, zest 
Con'dite, v. a. to season, preserve by salt 
Condition, s. quality, temper, disposition, 

circumstances, rank, stipulation 
Conditional, a. by way of stipulation, &c. 
Condi'tionary, a. stipulated , agreed on 
Condo'Ie, v. to lament, mourn, bewail 
Condo'lement, *. grief, mutual distress 
I ' indolence, s. grief for another's loss 
Condona'tion, s. a pardoning, a forgiving 
Con'dor, s. a large ravenous bird 
Condu'ee, v. to help, to promote, to conduct 
':ibie, a. having the power of conduct- 
ing, promoting or accelerating 
Coudu'cive, a, promoting, helping, &c. 
Con'duct,i- behaviour, economy 
Condu'ct, v. a. to guide, manage, to order 
ConducVor, s. a leader, director, chief 
Con'duit, s. a water-pipe, a canal, a duct 
Cone, s. a solid body, in form of a sugar-loaf 
Confab'ulate, v. n. to converse, to chat 
Confabulation,/, easy conversation, chat 
Confec'tion, s. a sweetmeat, a mixture 
Confectioner, s. one who makes sweetmeats 
Confederacy, s. a league, an engagement 
Confederate,-!*, a. to unite, to combine 
Confederate, s. an ally, an accomplice 
Confederation,/, close alliance, union 
Confe'r, v, to discourse with, to bestow 
Conference, s. a discourse, a parley 
Confe's3,"J. a. to acknowledge, grant, own 
Confessedly, ad. avowedly, indisputably 
Confes'sion, s. profession, acknowledgment 
Confes'sor, s. one who hears confessions 
Confe'st, a. open, known, plain, evident 
Confidant, Con'fident, s. a person trusted 

with a secret, a bosom friend 
ConrVde, -v. n. to trust in, to rely upon 
Confidence,/, assurance, boldness, trust 
Con'fident, a. positive, daring, impudent 
Confidential, a. trusty, faithful 

Configuration, /. the form of various parts 

adapted to each other 
Config'ure, v. a. to fashion, dispose into form 
Con'fine, /. limit, border, boundary 
Confi'ne, v. to border upon, bound, immure 
Confinement, j. restraint, imprisonment 
Confi'rm, v- a. to settle, establish, to fix, to 
perfect, to strengthen ; to administer the 
rite of ecclesiastical confirmation 
Confirm'able, a. capable of being proved 
Confirmation, /. proof, convincing testimo- 
ny ; church rite by which baptised persons 
are confirmed in the faith 
Confiscate, v. a. to seize on private property 
Confiscation, /. the act of seizing private 

property when forfeited by crime, &c. 
Con'fiture, /. a mixture of sweetmeats 
Confi'x, v. a. to fix down, to fasten down 
Confla'grant, a. burning together 
Conflagration, s . a general fire or burning 
Conflation, /. the act of blowing many in- 
struments together ; a melting of metal 
Conflict, v. n. to fight, to contest, to strive 
Con'flict, /. a contest, struggle, agony 
Con'fluence, /. a multitude of people \ a junc- 
tion or union of several streams 
Con'fluent, a. running into one channel 
Con'flux, /. a joining of currents, a crowd 
Confo'rm, v. to comply with, to yield, to suit 
Conformable, a. agreeable, suitable 
Conformation, /. a proper disposition of 

parts as relating to each other 
Conform'ist, /. one who complies with the 

rites of the established church 
Confo'rmity, /. a compliance with, similitude 
Confortation, /. the act of strengthening 
Confo'undj-y. a. to mix, to perplex, to disturb 
Confound'edly, ad. hatefully, shamefully 
Confounder, *. one who destroys or perplexes 
Confrater'nity, /. a religious brotherhood 
Confront, v. a. to face, to oppose, to compare 
Confronted, part, brought face to face 
Confu'se, v. a. to confound, perplex, mix 
Confu'sion, s. disorder, hurry, astonishment 
Confutable, a. that which may be disproved 
Confutation, /. disproof, act of confuting 
Confute, v. a. to disprove, convict, baffle 
Congee, Conge', /. a bow, act of reverence 
Conge'-deiire, /. the king's permission to a 

dean and chapter to choose a bit- hop 
Conge'al, v. to freeze, harden, grow stiff 
Conge'alable, a. that which may be frozen 
Conge'alment, /. a mass formed by frost 
Congenial, a. partaking of the same nature 
Con'geon, /. a dwarf, a little person 
Con'ger, /. a fine kind of large eel, a sea eel 
Conge'ries, /. a mass of small bodies 
Conge'st, v. a. to heap or lay up, to amass 
Congestion, s. a collection of humours 
Congla'ciate, v. a, to turn into ice, &c. 


5 3 


Conglo'bate, v. a. to gather into a hard ball 
Congloba'tion, s. a round, hard body 
Conglomerate, v. a. to make round, to wind 

up, to gather into one mass 
Conglomeration, s. a collection, mixture 
Conglutina'tion, s. the act of uniting bodies 
Con'gou, s. a finer sort of bohea tea 
Congrat'ulant, a. rejoicing in participation 
Congratulate, v. to wish joy to, to compli- 
ment on any happy event 
Congratula'tion, s. a wishing of joy 
Congrat'ulatory, a. expressing joy 
Congre'e, v. n. to agree, to join, to accord 
Congre'et, v. a. to salute mutually 
Con'gregate, a. collected, firm, close 
Congrega'tion, s. a collection, an assembly 
Con'gress, s. a meeting, assembly ; combat 
Congress'ive, a. meeting, encountering 
Congru'e, v. n. to agree, to suit, to conform 
Congruence, s. agreement, fitness 
Con'gruent, a. agreeing, suitable 
Congru'ity, s. fitness, consistency 
Con'gruous,.a. fit, suitable, meet, agreeable 
Co'nic, Con'ical, a. like a cone 
Co'nics, s. the doctrine of conic sections 
Cohjec'tor, Conjec'turer, s. a guesser 
Conjectural, a. depending on conjecture 
Conjec'ture, s. a guess, supposition, idea 
Conjec'ture, v. n. to guess, to suppose 
Conjo'in, v. a. to connect, to league, to unite 
Conjoin'ed, part, united, connected, near 
Conjoint'ly, ad. in union, together, jointly 
Con'jugal, a. belonging to marriage 
Conjugate, a. that springs from one original 
Conjugate, v. a. to join, to unite ; to vary 

a verb according to its tenses, &c. 
Conjugation, s. couple, a pair ; the form 

of inflecting verbs ; union, assemblage 
Conju'nct, a. connected, united, conjoined 
Conjunc'tion, s. an union, meeting together ; 

the sixth part of speech 
Conjunctive, a. closely united, joined toge- 
ther ; the mood of a verb 
Conjuncture, s . a critical or peculiar time 
Conjura'tion, s. a plot, enchantment 
Conju're, v. n to enjoin solemnly, to conspire 
Con'jure, v. ru to practise enchantments, &c. 
Conju'red, part, bound by an oath 
Con'jurer, s. an enchanter, a fortune-teller 
Conju'rement, s. a serious injunction 
Conna'scence, s . community of birth 
Conna'te, a. born with another 
Connatural, a. suitable to nature, like 
Connat'uially, ad. by nature, originally 
Conne'ct, v. a. to join, to unite, to fasten 
Connected, part, joined together, united 
Conne'x, v. a. to unite together, to join 
Connexion, s. an union, a relation 
Conni'vance, s. the act of winking at a fault 
Conni've,t;. n. to wink at a fault, &c. 
E 2 

Connoisseu'r, s. a critic, a judge of letters 
Connu'bial, a. relating to marriage 
Connutri'tious, a. nourished together 
Con'oid, s. a figure like a cone 
Conquass'ate, v. a. to shake, to disorder 
Con'quer, v. a. to overcome, to subdue 
Conquerable, a. possible to be overcome 
Con'quercr, s. one who overcomes, a victor 
Con'quest, s. victory, a thing gained 
Consanguineous, a. near of kin, related 
Consanguinity, s. relationship by bleed 
Conscience, s. the faculty by which we judge 
of the goodness or wickedness of our own 
actions ; veracity, reason, reasonableness 
Conscientious, a. scrupulous, just, exact 
ConScionable, a. reasonable, proper 
Conscious, a. inwardly persuaded, privy to 
Consciously, ad. with inward persuasion 
Consciousness, s. perception, internal sense 

of the guilt or innocence of our actions 
Con'script, a. written, registered, enrolled 
Con'secrate, v. a. to make sacred, &c 
Consecra'tion, s. the act of making sacred 
Consentaneous, a. following of course 
Consect'ary, s. a corollary, a deduction 
Consecu'tion, s. a train of consequences 
Consecu'tive, a. following in order, successive 
Consem'inate, v. a. to sow mixed seeds 
Consen'sion, Conse'nt, j. concord 
Conse'nt, -v. n. to be of one mind, to agree 
Consentaneous, a. agreeable to, accordant 
Consen'tient, a. uniting in opinion 
ConSequence; ;, an effect ; importance 
Consequent, a. following naturally 
Consequential, a. conclusive; important 
Consequently, ad. of or by consequence, 

therefore, necessarily, inevitably 
Conserv'ancy, s. courts held for the preserva- 
tion of the fishery in the river Thames 
Conservation, s. act of preserving 
Conservative, a. having power to preserve 
Conservatory, s. a place where any thing :s 

kept, a green-house 
Conserve, s. a sweetmeat, .preserved fruit 
Conse'rve, v. a. to preserve or candy fruit 
Conserv'er, j. one who lays up or preserves 
Consider, v. to examine, to regard, to doubt 
Considerable, a. worthy of regard, great 
Considerably, ad. importantly, very much 
Considerate, a. thoughtful, prudent 
Considerately, ad. calmly, prudently 
Consideration, s. regard, notice, serious 

thought, prudence, compensation 
Consi'gn, v. a. to make over to another 
Consignment, s. the act of consigning 
Consimil'ity, s. a common likeness 
Consist, v. n. to subsist, to be made of 
Consistence, Consistency, s. the natural 
state of bodies, agreement, substance, form 
Consistent, a. conformable, firm 


Consistently, ad. agreeably, properly 
Consisto'rial, a. relating to a consistory 
Consist'ory, s. a spiritual court 
Conso'ciate, s. an accomplice, an ally 
Conso'ciate, v. a. to unite, to join, to cement 
Consocia'tion, j. alliance, confederacy 
Conso'lable, a. that v/hich admits comfort 
Consola'tkm, s. alleviation of misery 
Consol'atory, a. tending to give comfort 
Console, v. a. to cheer, to revive, to comfort 
Conso'ler, s. one who gives comfort 
Consolidate, v. to harden, to combine 
Consolidation, s. uniting in a solid mass 
Consonance, s. an accord of sound, consist- 
ency, agreement, friendship, concord 
Con'sonant, a. agreeable, suitable, fit 
Consonant, s. a letter not sounded by itself 
Con'sonous, a. harmonious, musical 
Consopia'lion, s. the act of laying to sleep 
Con/sort, s. a wife or husband, a companion 
Conso'rt, v. to associate with, to marry 
Conspeclu'ity, s. sense of seeing, view 
Conspicu'ity, j. brightness, clearness 
Consoic'uouSjfl. easy to be seen, eminent 
Conspicuously, ad. remarkably, eminently 
Conspic'uousness, s. clearness, renown 
Conspiracy, s. a plot, a lawless combination 
Conspir'ator, Conspi'rer, s. a plotter 
Conspi're, v. n. to plot, to agree, concert 
Conspurca'tion, s. defilement, pollution 
Con/stable, s. a common peace officer 
ConStableship, s. the office of a constable 
Constancy, s. firmness, continuance 
Constant, a. firm, unchangeable, fixed 
Constantly ,#d. certainly, invariably, steadily 
Constella'tion, s. a cluster of fixed stars 
Consternation, s. fear, astonishment, wonder 
Constipate, y. a. to crowd, to stop, to thicken 
Constipa'tion,;. the act of crowding together 
Constit'uent, a. essential, composing 
Constituent, s. one who deputes, an elector 
Constitute, v. a. to make, depute, to set up 
Constitution, j. the frame of body or mind ; 

law of a country, form of government 
Constitutional, a. legal, according to the 

established government; radical 
Constitutive, a. essential, able to establish 
Constrain, v. a. to compel, to force, to press 
Constra'inab'.e, a. liable to constraint 
Constraint, s. compulsion, confinement 
Constric'tion, s. contraction, force 
Constrin'ge, v. a. to compress, to bind 
Coastrin'gent, a. of a binding quality 
Constru'ct, v. a. to build, to form, compile 
Construction, "j, act of building, fabrication ; 

meaning, interpretation ; the syntax 
Constructive, a. capable of construction 
ConstrucVure, s. a pile, a building, an edifice 
Cons'true, -o. a. to explain, to translate 
ttoastu/prafce, v. a. to violate, to debauch 



Consubstan'tial, a. of the same substance 
Consubstantial'ity, s. existence of more than 

one body in the same substance 
Consubstan'tiate, v. a. to unite into one com- 
mon substance or nature 
Consubstantia'tion, s. the union of the body 
of our Saviour with the sacramental ele- 
ment, according to the Lutherans 
ConSuI, x. the principal Roman magistrate j 
an officer appointed to superintend the 
trade of his nation in foreign parts 
ConSular, a. belonging to a consul 
Consulate, Consulship, s. office of consul 
Consu'lt, v. a. to ask advice, to debate, plan 
Consulta'tion, s. the act of consulting, &c. 
Consu'mable, a, capable of destruction 
Consu'me, v. a. to waste, destroy, to spend 
Consu'med,/>#rr. destroyed, wasted away 
Consu'mer, s. one who destroys, &c. 
Consum'mate, v. a. to complete, to perfect 
Consummation, j, completion,perfection,end 
Consump'tion, s. the act of consuming or 

destroying ; a disease 
Consumptive, a. destructive, wasting 
Contab'ulate, v. a. to floor with boards 
Con'tact, /. a touch, juncture, close union 
Contac'tion, s. the act of touching 
Conta'gion, s. a pestilence, an infection 
Conta'gious, a. infectious, catching 
Ccnta'in, v. a. to hold, comprise, restrain 
Containable, a. possible to be contained 
Contaminate, v. a. to defile, to corrupt 
Contaminate, a. polluted, defiled 
Contamination, s. defilement, taint 
Conte'mn, v. a. to despise, scorn, neglect 
Contemp'er, Contemp'erate, v. a. to mode- 
rate or temper by mixture 
Contemp'erament, s. degree of any quality 
Contempera'tion, s. the act of tempering, a 

proportionate mixture of parts 
Contem'plate, v. to muse, meditate, study 
Contemplation, s. meditation, thought 
Contemplative, a. studious, thoughtful 
Contempla'tor, s. one employed in study 
Contemporary, s. one who lives at the same 

time with another 
Contemporary, Contemporaneous, a. living 

at the same time, born in the same age 
Contemp'orise, v. a. to make contemporary 
Coute'mpt, i. scorn, disdain, hate, vileness 
Contempt'ible, a. deserving scorn, base 
Contemptibly, ad. meanly, vilely, basely 
Contemptuous, a. scornful, proud, insolent 
Conte'nd, v. to strive with, to contest 
Contender, s. a combatant, a champion 
Conte'nt, a. satisfied, easy, willing 
Conte'nt, s. moderate happiness, satisfaction^ 

extent../y. a . to please, to gratify 
Contenta'tion, s. satisfaction, content 
Contented, part, satisfied, not repining 



Contention, s. strife, debate, contest, zeal 
Conten'tious, a. quarrelsome, perverse 
Contentless, a. dissatisfied, uneasy 
Content'ment, s. gratification, satisfaction 
Contents, s. the beads of a book ; an index ; 

what is contained in any thing ; amount 
Conterminous, a. bordering upon 
Con'test, s . a dispute, debate, quarrel 
Conte'st, v. to dispute, wrangle, to vie with 
Contest'able, a. disputable, uncertain 
Conte'x, v. a. to weave together 
Context, s. series of a discourse...^, united 
Context'ure, s. an interweaving or joining 

together of a discourse, the system 
Contiguity, /. actual contact 
Contiguous, a. meeting so as to touch 
Continence, or Con'tinency, s. chastity, re- 
straint, moderation, forbearance 
Continent, s. land not disjoined by the sea 

from other land 
Continent, a. chaste, abstemious, temperate 
Contingent, a. accidental, uncertain 
Contingent, s. chance, proportion 
Contin'ual, a. incessant, uninterrupted 
Contin'ualiy, ad. without pausing, ever 
Continuance,;, duration, permanence ; abode 
Contin'uate, a. continual, uninterrupted 
Continuation, s. a constant succession 
Contin'ue, v. to remain in the same state ; 
to dwell, to persevere, to last, to prolong 
Continuity, s. uninterrupted connexion 
Conto'rt, v. a. to twist, to writhe, to torture 
Conto'rtion, s. a twist, a strain, a flexure 
Con'tour, ;. the outline of a figure 
Con'tra, a Latin preposition used in compo- 
sition, which signifies against 
Contraband, a. unlawful, forbidden, illegal 
Contract, s. a bargain, an agreement 
Contra'ct, v. to shorten, to affiance, to be- 
troth ; to bargain ; to shrink up 
Contractlble, a. capable of contraction 
Contractile, a. able to contract itself 
Contraction, s. an abbreviation, the act of 

shortening or abridging 
Contractor, s. one who makes bargains 
Contradi'ct, v. a. to oppose verbally, to deny 
Contradictor, s. an opposer, a denier 
Contradiction, s. opposition, inconsistency 
Contradictory, a. inconsistent with 
Contradistinction, s. a distinction by oppo- 
site qualities 
Contra: egularlty, s. difference from rule 
Contra'riant, a. inconsistent, cross 
Contraries, s. propositions that oppose 
Contrariety, s- opposition, inconsistency 
Contrarily, ad. in a different manner 
Contra'riwise, ad. on the contrary 
Contrary, a. opposite, disagreeing, adverse 
Contrast, / . an opposition of figures 
Contra'st, v. a. to ptece in opposition 

Contrasted, part, set in opposition to 
Contravallation, s. a fortification thrown up 

to prevent sallies from a garrison 
Contravene,?;, a. to oppose, to hinder 
Contravention, s. opposition, obstruction 
Contrib'utary, a. paying tribute to the same 

Contribute, v. to give, to bear a part 
Contributing, part, assisting, helping 
Contribution, j. the act of contributing; a 

military exact ron, a levy 
Contristate, v. a. to make sorrowful 
Contrite, a. truly penitent, very sorrowful 
Contrition, s. act of grinding ; penitence 
Contri'vance, s. a scheme, a plot, an art 
Contri've, v. a. to plan, invent, project 
Contri'ver, s. an inventor, a schemer 
Control, s. power, authority, restraint 
Control, v. a. to govern, restrain, confute 
Controllable, a. subject to control 
Controller, s. one who has power to control 
Controllership, s the office of a controller 
Control'ment, s. restraint, opposition 
Controversial, a. relating to disputes 
Controversy, s. a dispute, quarrel, enmity 
Controvert, v. a. to debate, dispute, quarrel 
Controvertible, a. disputable, dubious 
Controvertist, r. a disputant, a reasoner 
Contumacious, a. obstinate, perverse 
Contuma'ciousness, or Contumacy, s. obsti- 
nacy, stubbornness, inflexibility 
Contumelious, a. reproachful, rude, brutal 
Contumely, j. rudeness, contemptuousness 
Contu'se, v. a. to bruise, to beat together 
Contu'sion, s. a bruise, act of bruising 
Convalescence, s. a renewal of health 
Convalestent, a. recovering, &c. 
Conve'nable, a. consistent with, fit 
Convene, v. to call together, to assemble 
Convenience, s. fitness, propriety, ease 
Convenient, a. fit, suitable, well adapted 
Conveniently, ad. commodiously, fitly 
Con'vent, s. a religious house, a nunnery 
Conventicle, s. an assembly for worship, a 

secret assembly, a meeting house 
Conventicler, s. one who belongs to or fre- 
quents a meeting-house or conventicle 
Convention, s. an assembly; a contract or 

agreement for a limited time 
Conventional, a. stipulated, done by contract 
Conven'tionary, a. settled by contract 
Conventtial, a. belonging to a convent 
Conve'rge, v. n. to tend to one point 
Convers'able, a. fit for conversation, sociable 
Con'versant, a. acquainted with, skilled in 
Conversation, s. familiar discourse, chat 
Convers'ative, a. relating to public life 
Con'verse, s. manner of discoursing in a fa- 
miliar way, acquaintance, familiarity 
I Conve'rse, v, n, to discourse, to cohabit with 




Con'verse, a. contrary, directly opposite 
Conversely, ad. by a change of order or place 
Conversion, s. change from one state into 

another; transmutation; change from one 

religion to another 
Con'vert, s. one who changes his opinion 
Conve'rt, v. a. to change, turn, appropriate 
Convert'er, s. one who makes converts 
Convertible, a. susceptible of change 
Con'vex, a. rising in a circular form, as the 

outside of a globe ; opposite to concave 
Con'vex, s. a convex or spherical body 
Convex'ity, /. a spherical form, rotundity 
Conve'y,-y. a. to carry, send, make over 
Conveyance,/, act of removing anything; 

a deed or writing, by which property is 

transferred; juggling artifice, &c. 
Convey'ancer, s. a lawyer who draws up 

writings by which property is transferred 
Convey'er, s. one who carries or transmits 
Convi'dtj-u. a. to prove guilty, to detect 
Con'vict, s. one convicted or detected 
Conviction, /. a detection of guilt, full proof 
Convict'ive, a tending to convince 
Convin'ce, v. a. to make a person sensible of 

a thing by full proofs, to prove 
Convin'cible, a. capable of conviction 
Convincingly, ad. without room to doubt 
Convi've, v. a. to entertain, to feast, to revel 
Conviv'ial, a. social, gav, festive, pleasing 
Conun'drum, s. a quibble, quirk, low jest 
Con'vocate, v. a. to call or summon together 
Convocation, s. an ecclesiastical assembly 
Convo'ke, v. a. to summon or call together 
Convol've, v. a. to roll together, wind, turn 
Convoluted, a. rolled upon itself, twisted 
Convolution, s. a rolling together 
Convo'y, v. a. to accompany for defence 
Con'voy, s. an attendance for defence 
Co'nusance, s. cognizance ; notice 
Convul'se, v. a. to give a violent motion 
Convul'sion, s. an involuntary and irregular 

contraction of the muscles, fibres, &c. 
Oon'y, S' a rabbit, an animal that burrows 

in the ground 
Coo, v. n. to cry as a dove or pigeon 
Cook, s. one who dresses victuals, &c. 
Cook, v. a. to dress or prepare victuals, &c. 
Cook'ery, s. the art of dressing victuals 
Cool, v. to make or grow cool, to quiet 
Cool, a. somewhat cold ; not fond 
Cool'er, s. a brewing vessel, used to cool beer 

in ; what cools the body 
Cool'ness, s. freedom from passion, indiffer- 
ence, want of affection; gentle cold 
Coom, s. soot, dust, grease for wheels 
Coomb, s. a corn measure of four bushels 
Coop, s. a wooden cage for poultry ; a barrel 
Coop, v. a. to shut up, cage, confine, restrain 
Caope'e, s. a motion in dancing 

Coop'er, s. a maker of barrels, &c. 
Co-op'erate, v.n. to labour for the same end 
Co-opera'tion, s. the act of contributing or 

concurring to the same end 
Co-opta'tion, s. election, assumption, choice 
Co-or'dinate, a. holding the same rank 
Coot, s. a small black water fowl 
Cop, s. the head, the top of any thing 
Co'pal, s. the Mexican term for a gum 
Copar'cenary, Coparceny, s. an equal share 

in a patrimonial inheritance 
Copart'ner, s. a joint partner in business 
Copartnership, s. the having an equal share 
Cope, s. a priest's cloak ; a concave arch 
Cope, v. to contend with, to strive, to oppose 
Co'pesmate, j. a companion, associate, friend 
Cop'ier, Cop'yist, s. one who copies or imitates 
Co'ping, j. the covering of a wall 
Co'pious, a. abundant, plentiful, full, &c. 
Cop'ped,Cop'pled, a. rising to a top or head 
Cop'pel, s an instrument used in chymistry. 

Its use is to purify gold and silver 
Cop'per, j. a metal ; a large boiler 
Cop'peras,/. a sort of mineral or vitriol 
Cop'per-plate, s. an impression from a figure 
engraved on copper; the plate on which 
any thing is engraved for printing 
Cop'persmith, s. one who works in copper 
Cop'pery,a. tasting of, or mixed with, copper 
Cop'pice, Copse, s. a wood of small low trees* 
Cop'pledust, j. powder for purifying metals 
Cop'ulate, v. to mix, unite, conjoin, &c. 
Copulation, s. the congress of the two sexes 
Cop'ulative, a. joining or mixing together 
Cop'y, s. a manuscript, an imitation, a pat- 
tern to write after ; duplicate of any ori- 
ginal writing, or of a picture 
Cop'y, v. to transcribe, imitate, write from 
Cop'y-book, s. a book in which copies are 

written for learners to imitate 
Cop'yhold, s. a tenure under the lord of a 

manor , held by the copy of a court roll 
Cop'yholder,.r. one possessed of copyhold land 
Cop'yright , s. the sole right to print a book 
Coquet, v. a. to deceive in love, to jilt 
Coquet'ry, s. deceit in love, affectation 
Coquette, s. a gay, airy woman, who by va- 
rious arts endeavours to gain admirers 
Co'racle, j. a boat used in Wales by fisher- 
men, made by drawing leather or oiled 
cloth upon a frame of wicker-work 
Cor'al, s. a sea plant, a child's ornament 
Cor'alline, a. consisting of coral 
Cora'nt, s. a nimble sprightly dance 
Corb, ;. a basket used in coaleries 
Corb'an, s. an alms-basket, a gift, an alms 
Cord, s. a rope ; a sinew, a measure of wood 
Cord, v. a. to tie, or fasten with cords 
Cord 'age, s. a quantity of ropes for a shipi 
Cordeii'erj*. a Franciscan friar 


5 7 


Cor'dial, s. a cherishing, comforting draught 
Cor'dial, a. reviving, sincere, hearty 
Cordial'ity, s. sincerity, affection, esteem 
Cor'dially, ad. sincerely, heartily, truly 
Cord'wain, s. fine Spanish leather 
Cord'wainer, Cor'diner, s. a shoemaker 
Cord'wood, s. wood tied up for firing 
Core, s . the heart or inner part of a thing 
Coria'ceous, a. consisting of or like leather 
Corian'der, s. a plant, a hot seed 
Cor'inth, s. the fruit usually called currant 
Corinth'ian.or^r, s. the name of the fourth 

order in architecture 
Cork, s. a tree resembling the ilex •, its bark j 

the stopple of a bottle. ..v. a. to stop up 
Cork'screw, s. a screw to draw corks with 
Cor'morant, s. a bird of prey, a glutton 
Corn, s. a grain ; seeds which grow in ears, 

not in pods ; an excrescence on the feet 
Corn, v. a. to salt, to granulate 
Corn'chandler, s. a retailer of corn 
Corn 'el, /. a plant, the cornelian cherry 
Corne'lian, s. a precious stone 
Cor'neous, a. horny, resembling horn 
Cor'ner, s. an angle ; a secret or remote place ; 

the extremity, or utmost limit 
Cor'net, s. a musical instrument ; the officer 

who bears the standard of a troop of horse 
Cor'neter, /. one who plays on a cornet 
Cor'nice, s. the uppermost ornament of a 

wall or wainscot, the top of a column 
Cor'nicle, s. a small horn 
Corni'gerous, a. horned, having horns 
Cornuco'pia, s. the horn of plenty 
Cornu'ted, pari, having horns, cuckolded 
Cornu'to, s. a cuckold 

Corollary, s. an inference, deduction, surplus 
Cor'ollated, a. having flowers like a crown 
Coronal, s. a chaplet, a garland...*!, relating 

to the top of the head 
Cor'onary, a. relating to a crown 
Corona'tion, s. solemnity, or act of crowning 
Cor'oner, s. a civil officer, who, with a jury, 

inquires into casual or violent deaths 
Cur'onet, s. a crown worn by nobility 
Cor'poral, s. the lowest officer of the infantry 
Corpo'real, Cor'poral, a bodily, material 
Cor'porate, a. united in a body 
Corpora'tion, s. a body politic, authorized 

by common consent to grant in law any 

thing within the compass of their charter 
Corps, s. a body of soldiers, a regiment 
Corpse, s. a dead body, a carcass, a corse 
Corpulence, s. bulkiness of body, fleshiness 
Cor'pulent, a. fleshy, bulky, gross 
Corpus'cle, j. a small body, an atom 
Corra'de, v. a. to rub off, to scrape together 
Corradia'tion, s.. an union of rays 
Corre'ct, v. a. to punish, chastise, amend 
Corre'ct, a. finished with exactness 

Correction, s. punishment, amendment 
Corrective, a. able to alter or corredt, good 
Correct'ly, ad. accurately, exactly, neatly 
Correctness, /, accuracy, exactness, nicety 
Corre-'gidor , s. a chief magistrate in Spain 
Correlate, ■/. what has an opposite relation 
Correlative, a. having a reciprocal relation 
Correp'tion, s. reproof, chiding, rebuke 
Correspond, v. n. to suit, to fit, to agree, to 
keep up a commerce with another by letters 
Correspond'ence, s. intercourse, friendship, 
agreement,fitness, interchange of civilities 
Correspond'ent, a. suitable, answerable 
Correspondent, s. one who holds correspond- 

ence with another by letter 
Cor'rigible, a. punishable, corrective 
Corrob'orant, a. strengthening, confirming 
Corroborate, v. a. to confirm, to establish 
Corroboration, s. the act of strengthening 
Corro'de, v. a. to eat away by degrees 
Corro'dible, a. that which may be corroded 
Corro'sible, a. that which may be consumed 

by a menstruum 
Corro'sion, /. the act of eating away 
Corro'sive, s. a corroding, hot medicine 
Corro'sive, a. able to corrode, or eat away 
Cono'siveness, s. the quality of corroding 
Cor'rugate, v. a. to wrinkle or purse up 
Corru'pt, v. to infect, to defile, to bribe 
Corru'pt, a. vicious, debauched, rotten 
Corrupter, /. one who corrupts or taints 
Corrupt'ible, a. that which may be corrupted 
Corruption, s. wickedness ; matter or pus 
Corruptive, a. able to taint or corrupt 
Corrupt/ness,j. badness of morals 3 putrescence 
Cor'sair, s. a pirate, a plunderer on the sea 
Corse, s . a dead body, a carcass 
Cor'selet, or Corslet, s. a light armour for 

the fore part of the body 
Cor'tical, a. barky, belonging to the rind 
Corticated, a. resembling the bark of a tree 
Cor'vet, Corvet'to, s. the curvet, a frolic 
Corus'caut, a. flashing, glittering, bright 
Coruscation, s. a quick -vibration of light 
Cosmet'ic, s. a wash to improve the skin 
Cos'micai, a. rising or setting with the sun j 

relating to the world 
Cosmog'ony, s. birth or creation of the world 
Cosmog'rapher, s. one who writes a descrip- 
tion of the world 
Cosmog'raphy, s. the science of the general 
system of the world, distinct from geog- 
r phy, which describes the situation and 
boundaries of particular countries 
Cosmop'olite, s. a citizen of the world 
Cos'set, s. a lamb brought up by the hand 
Cost, /. price, charge, loss, luxury, expense 
Cost, v. n. to be bought for, had at a price 
Cost'al, a, relating to the ribs 
Cost'ard, s. a head ; a large round apple 



c o u 

Cost'ive, a. bound in the body, restringent 
Costliness, i. expensiveness, sumptuousness 
Cost'ly, a. expensive, dear ; of great price 
Cotem'porary, see Contem'porary 
Cot, Cot'tage, s. a hut, a small house 
Coteri'e, s. an assembly, club, society 
Cotil'lon, s. a light French dance 
Cot'tager, s. one who lives in a cottage 
Cot'ton, s. a plant ; the down of the cotton- 
tree ; cloth, or stuff made of cotton 
Couch, v. to lie down ; to hide ; to fix 
Couch, s. a seat of repose ; a layer 
Couch'ant, a. squatting, lying down 
Couch'er, s. be that depresses cataracts 
Cove, s. a small creek or bay ; a shelter 
Cov'enant, s. a bJHgain, contract, deed 
Cov'enant, v. to bargain, contract, agree 
Covenanted, s. a party to a covenant 
Cov'enous, a. treacherous, fraudulent 
Cov'er, v. a. to overspread ; conceal ; hide 
Cov'er, j. concealment, screen, pretence 
Cov'ering, s. dress ; any thing that covers 
Cov'erlet, Cov'erlid, s. the upper covering of 

a bed, the quilt or counterpane 
Cov'ert, s. a thicket, a retreat, a hiding-place 
Cov'ert, a. sheltered, secret ; state of a wo- 
man sheltered by marriage 
Cov'et,-y. a. to desire earnestly ; to long for 
Cov'etable, a. that which may be desired 
Cov'etous, a. avaricious, greedy 
Cov'ey, j. a brood of birds ; a number of birds 

together ; a hatch, a company 
Cough, s. a convulsion of the lungs 
Cov'in, s. a deceitful agreement, a collusion 
Coui'ter, or Cul'ter, s. a ploughshare 
Coun'cil, s. an assembly for consultation 
Coun'sel, s. advice, direction ; a pleader 
Coun'sel, v. a. to give advice ; to direct 
Counsellor, s. one who gives advice 
Count, s. number, reckoning ; a foreign title 
Count, v. a. to number, to cast up, to tell 
Countenance, s. form of the face ; air ; look ; 

patronage ; superficial appearance 
Count'enance, °j. a. to patronize, to support 
Count'er, s. base money ; a shop table 
Count'er, ad. contrary to ; in a wrong way 
Countera'ct, v. a. to act contrary to ; hinder 
Counterbalance, s. an opposite weight 
Counterbalance, v. a. to act against with an 

opposite weight 
Counterbu'ff, v. a. to repel, to strike back 
Count'erchange, s. a mutual exchange 
Count'ercharm, s. that which dissolves a 

charm...i;. a. to destroy an enchantment 
Countercheck, s. a stop ; rebuke, reproof 
Counterev'idence, s. opposite evidence 
Count'erfeit, a. forged, fictitious, deceitful 
Counterfeit, v. a- to forge, to imitate 
Counterma'nd, v. a. to contradict an order 
Count'ejrmarchj j. a march backward 

Count'ermine, s. a mine made to frustrate 

the use of one made by the enemy 
Countermi'ne, v. a. to defeat secretly 
Count'ermotion, s. a contrary motion 
Count'erpane, s . upper covering of a bed 
Count'erpart, /. a correspondent part 
Count'erplea, s. a replication in law 
Counterplead, v. a. to contradidt, to deny 
Count'erplot, s. an artifice opposed to an ar« 

tifice ; plot against plot 
Counterpoint, s. a coverlet woven in squares 
Counterpoise, s. an equivalence of weight 
Counterpoise, v. a to counterbalance 
Counterpro'jcct, j. correspondent scheme 
Count'erscarp, s. a ditch next a camp 
Countersign, t>. a. to undersign ; to confirm 
Countertenor, s. a middle part of music 
Counterti'de, s. a contrary tide 
Count'erturn, s. the height of a play 
Countervail, v. a. to be equivalent to ; to 
have equal force or value...*, equal weight 
Count'erview, s. an opposition, a contrast 
Count'ess, s. the lady of a count or earl 
Countless, a. innumerable, infinite 
Country, s. a tract of land ; a region ; one's 

native soil ; rural parts ; not cities 
Coun'try, a. rustic, rural ; unpolite 
Coun'tryman, s. a rustic ; one born in the 

same country ; a husbandman 
Count'y, s. a shire ; an earldom ; a count 
Count'y, a. relating to a county or shire 
Coupe'e, s. a motion in dancing ; a caper 
Couple, s. a pair, a brace, man and wife 
Couple, v. a. to join together ; to marry 
Couplet, s. two verses ; a pair 
Cour'age, s. bravery, activity, valour 
Coura'geously, ad. bravely, daringly, nobly 
Coura'nt, s. a sprightly dance, &c. 
Courier, s. a messenger sent in haste 
Course, s. a race ; a career ; a race-ground ; 
track in which a ship sails j order of suc- 
cession ; service of meat ; method of life ; 
natural bent 
Course, v. to hunt, to pursue, to rove about 
Cours'er, s. a race-horse, a horse-racer 
Coursing, s. pursuit of hares with greyhounds 
Court, s. the residence of a prince ; a narrow 

street; jurisdiction; seat of justice 
Court, v. a. to make love to, to solicit 
Court'eous, a. elegant of manners, kind 
Courtesa'n, s. a prostitute, a lewd woman 
Court'esy, s. civility, complaisance, favour, 
kindness ; the reverence made by women 
Courtier, s. an attendant on a court ; a lover 
Courtle'et, s. court of the lord of the manor 

for regulating copyhold tenures, &c. 
Courtlike, a. polite, well-bred, obliging 
Courtliness, s. civility, complaisance 
Courtly, a. polite, flattering, elegant 
Court'ship, /. making love to a womaa 

C R A 


C R E 

Cousin, s. any one collaterally related more 

remotely than brothers or sisters 
Cow, s. the female of the bull...^. to depress 
Cow'ard, i. a poltroon ; he who wants courage 
Cow'ardly, a. fearful, timorous, mean 
Cow'er, v. n. to sink by bending the knees 
Cow'herd, s. one who tends or keeps cows 
Cowl, s. a monk's hood ; a vessel for water 
Cow'slip, s. a small early yellow flower 
Cox'comb, r. a cock's topping ; a fop, a beau 
Coxcomlcal,^. conceited, foppish, pert 
Coy, a. modest, decent, reserved 
Coy'ish, a. rather shy, modest, chaste 
Coy'ness, s. reserve, shyness, modesty 
Coz'en, v. a. to cheat, defraud, impose on 
Coz'enage, s. cheat, fraud, deceit, trick 
Coz'ener, s. a cheater, a knave 
Crab, s. a fish ; wild apple ; peevish person 
Crab*bed, a. peevish, difficult, morose 
Crab'bedness, j. sourness of taste ; asperity 
Crack, s. a sudden noise ; a chink : a boaster 
Crack, v. a. to break into chinks ; to split 
Crack'brained, a. crazy, whimsical 
Crack'er, s. a kind of squib ; a boaster 
Crack'le, v. n. to make slight cracks, &c. 
Crack'ling, s. a noise made by slight cracks 
Crack'nel, s. a kind of hard, brittle cake 
Cra'dle, s. a moveable bed on which children 
are rocked ; a case for a broken bone ; a 
frame of wood for launching a ship 
Craft, s. cunning ; trade ; small sailing ships 
Craft'ily, ad. cunningly, artfully 
Craft'iness, /. craft, cunning, fraud, deceit 
Crafts'man, /. an artificer j a mechanic 
Craft'y, a. cunning, artful, deceitful 
Crag, *■ a steep rock ; nape of the neck 
Crag'ged, Crag'gy, a. rough, rugged 
Crag'gedness, Crag'giness, /. roughness 
Cram, v- n. to stuff ; to eat greedily 
Cram'b!!, ;. a play at which one gives a word 

and another finds a rhyme 
Cramp, s. a contraction of the limbs ; re- 
striction ; a bent piece of iron 
Cramp, v- a. to confine, to hinder, to bind 
Cramp, a. difficult, hard, troublesome 
Cramp'iron, s. an iron to fasten together 
Crane, s. a bird ; a machine ; a crooked pipe 
Cra'nium, s. the skull 
Crank, >. end of an iron axis ; a conceit 
Crank, a. healthy, lusty, deep loaded 
Cran'kle, r. a. to run into angles ; to break 

into unequal surfaces 
Cran'nied, a. full of or having chinks 
Cran'ny, s. a chink ; a crevice ; a little crack 
Crape, s. a thin stuff for mourning 
Crap'ulence, s. sickness by intemperance 
Crap'ulous, a. sick with drunkenness 
Crash, v. a. to break, to bruise, to crush 
Crash, s. a loud, mixed noise 
Crss'sitmie, /.grossness, thickness, heaviness 

Cratch, /. a frame for hay or straw 
Crate, ;. a hamper to pack earthen ware ia 
Crava't, s. an ornament for the neck 
Crave, v. a. to ask earnestly ; to long for 
Cra'ven, ;. a conquered cock ; a coward 
Craunch, v. a. to crash with the teeth 
Craw, j. the crop or stomach of birds 
Craw'fish, Cray'fish, s. the river lobster 
Crawl, v. n. to creep ; move slowly ; fawn 
Cra'yon, s. a paste ; a pencil ; a picture 
Craze, v. a. to break, to crack the brain 
Cra'ziness, s. weakness, feebleness of body 
Cra'zy, a. broken, feeble, weak ; maddisk 
Creak, v. n. to mark a harsh noise 
Cream, u the oily, best part of milk 
Cre'amfaced, a. pale, wan, cowardly 
Cre'amy, a. full of cream ; luscious, rich 
Crease, /. a mark made by doubling any 

thing..."7.'. a. to mark by folding 
Crea'te, v. a. to cause, to produce, to form 
Crea'tion, ;. act of creating ; the universe 
Crea'tive, a. having the power to create 
Crea'tor, s. the Being that bestows existence 
Cre'ature, s. a being created ; a word of con- 
tempt, or tenderness ; a dependant ; an 
animal not human ; general term for man 
Cre'dence, s. belief, credit, reputation 
Creden'da, x. articles of faith or belief 
Cre'dent, a. easy of belief; having credit 
Credea'tials, s. letters of recommeadation 
Credibility, Cred'ibleness, s. a claim to cred- 
it ; worthiness of belief ; probability 
Credible, a. worthy of credit ; likely 
Cred'it, j, belief, honour ; trust reposed 
Cred'it, v. a. to believe, trust, confide in 
Creditable, a. reputable, estimable 
Creditably, ad. reputably, without disgrace 
Creditor, s. one who trusts or gives credit 
Credulity, s easiness of belief 
Cred'ulous, a. apt to believe', unsuspecting 
Creed, s. a confession of faith, a belief 
Creek, s. a small bay ; a nook 
Creep, v. n. to move slowly ; fawn, bend, &c 
Creep'er, s. a plant ; an iron instrument 
Crema'tion, /. the aft of burning 
Cre'mor, s. a milky, or creamy substance 
Cre'nated, a. notched, jagged, rough 
Crepita'tion, /. a low, crackling noise 
Crepus'cle, s. twilight ; faint dim light 
Crepus'culous, a. glimmering, dim 
Cres'cent, ;. an increasing moon 
Cres'cent, Cres'cive, a. increasing, growing 
Cress, s. the name of a water herb 
Cress'et, s. a light set on a beacon ; an herb 
Crest, s. a plume of feathers on the top of a 
helmet ; ornament of the helmet in her- 
aldry ; pride, spirit, fire 
Crest'ed, a. adorned with a plume or crest 
Crest-fallen, a. dejected, low, cowed 
Crestless, a. without armour } mean, poor 

C R O 


C R U 

Creta'ceous, a. chalky, having chalk 
Crev'ice, s. a crack, a cleft ; a fish 
Crew, s. a ship's company ; mean assembly 
Crew'el, s. a ball of worsted yarn, &c 
Crib, /. a manger, a stall ; a cottage 
Crib, v. a. to steal privately ; to shut up 
Crib'bage, s. the name of a game at cards 
Crib'ble, s. a sieve for cleaning corn 
Cribra'tion, s. the aft of sifting or cleansing 
Crick,*, noise of a hinge ; stiffness in the neck 
Crick'et, s. an insect that chirps about ovens, 

&c. ; a game with bats and balls ; a stool 
Cri'er, s. one who cries goods for sale 
Crime, s. an offence, wickedness, sin 
Crimeless, a. innocent, free from guilt 
Crim'inal, Criminous, a. faulty 
Crim'inal, s. a person accused, a felon 
Crimina'tion, s. an accusation, a censure 
Crim'inatory, a. accusing, tending to accuse 
Criminous, a. wicked, iniquitous, guilty 
Crim'osin, s. a species of red colour 
Crimp, a. brittle, friable, crisp 
Crim'ple, v. a. to contract, to corrugate 
Crim'son, t. a very deep red colour 
Crin'cum, s. a whimsy, a cramp 
Cringe, s. servile civility, mean reverence 
Cringe, v. n. to bow, fawn, flatter, contract 
Crink, Crin'kle, s. a wrinkle ; winding fold 
Crin'kle, v. to run in wrinkles, &c. 
Cri'nose, Crini'gerous, a. hairy, rough 
Crip'ple, s. a lame person,..?;, a. to make lame 
Cri'sis, s. a critical time or turn 
Crisp, v. a. to curl, to twist, to indent 
Crisp, Crisp'y, a. curled, brittle, winding 
Crispa'tion, s. the act or state of curling 
Crisp'ness, Cfisp'itude, s. crispy state 
Criterion, s. a standard whereby any thing 

is judged of, as to its goodness or badness 
Crit'ic, s. one skilled in criticism 
Crit'ical, a. judicious, accurate, nice 
Crit'icise, v. a. to censure, to judge, to blame 
Crit'icism, s. censure ; the art of judging 
Criti'que, s. act of criticism ; a criticism 
Croak, s. the cry of a frog, raven or crow 
Cro'ceous, a. yellow, like saffron 
Crocita'tion, ;. the croaking of frogs or ravens 
Crock, s. an earthen pot ; an earthen vessel 
Crock'ery, s. all kinds of earthen ware 
Croc'odile, s. a large, voracious, amphibious 

animal, in shape resembling a lizard 
Cro'cus, s. an early flower ; saffron 
Croft, s. a small home field, a close 
Crone, s . an old ewe ; an old woman 
Cro'ny, s. an intimate acquaintance, a friend 
Crook, s. a hooked stick, a sheep-hook 
Crook, v. a. to bend, to pervert 
Crook'ed, a. bent, curved, untoward 
Crop, s . the harvest, produce ; a bird's craw 
Crop, v. a. to lop, cut short ; to mow ; to reap 
Crop'ful, s. quite full, satisfied, crammed 

Cro'sier, s. the pastoral staff used by the bi- 
shops in the church of Rome 
Cros'let, s. a small cross ; a head cloth 
Cross, /. one straight body laid at right aa- 

gles over another ; a misfortune, vexation 
Cross, a. athwart, oblique ; peevish, fretful 
Cross, v. a. to lay athwart, to pass over, to 

cancel ; to sign with the cross ; to vex 
Cross'bite, s. a deception....-!;, a. to cheat 
Cross'bow, s. a weapon for shooting 
Cross-grained, a. troublesome, ill-natured 
Cross'ness, s. perverseness, peevishness 
Crotch, s. a hook ; the fork of a tree 
Crotch'et, s . one of the notes in music, equal 

to half a minim ; a mark in printing, 

formed thus [] ; a fancy, whim, conceit 
Crouch, v. to stoop low, to fawn, to cringe 
Croupa'de, s. a high leap ; a summerset 
Crow, s. a bird ; an iron lever ...v. to make a 

noise like a cock ; to boast, to vapour 
Crowd, /. confused multitude ; the populace 
Crowd, v. to press close, to swarm 
Crown, ;. a diadem worn on the heads of 

sovereigns ; the top of the head ; a silver 

coin ; regal power ; a garland 
Crown, v. a. to invest with a crown ; to a" 

dorn, to complete, to finish 
Crown'glass, s. finest sort of window-glass 
Cru'cial, a. transverse, running across 
Cru'ciate, v. a. to torture, to torment 
Cru'cible, s. a pot used for melting metals 
Cru'cifix, s. a representation in statuary or 

painting, &c of our Saviour on the cross 
Crucifix'ion, s. the act of nailing to the cross 
Cru'cify , v. a. to nail or fasten to a cross 
Crude, a. raw, harsh, unripe, undigested 
Cru'deness, Cru'dity, s. indigestion 
Cru'dle, v. to coagulate, to curdle 
Cru'el, a. hard-hearted, inhuman, fierce 
Cru'clty, s. inhumanity, barbarity 
j Cru'et, s. a small phial for vinegar or oil 
Cruise, v. n. to sail in quest of an enemy 
Cruis'er, s. a ship that sails in quest of all 

enemy ; one that roves in search of plunder 
Crumb, s. the soft part of bread ; a small 

piece or fragment of bread 
Crum'ble, v. a to break or fall into pieces 
Crum'my ,«. soft, full of crumbs, plump 
j Crum'ple, v. a. to wrinkle, ruffle, disorder 
Cruaip'ling, s. a small green codling 
Crup'per, s. a leather to keep a saddle right 
Cru'ral, a. belonging to the leg 
Crusa'de, Croi'sade, s. an expedition against 

infidels ; a Portugal coin, value 2s. Cd. 
Cru'set, s. a goldsmith's melting pot 
Crush, v. a- to squeeze, to bruise ; to ruin 
Crush, /. a falling down, a collision 
Crust, s. any shell or external coat j outward 

part of bread ; case of a pye 
Crasta'ceous? a, shelly, with joints 



c u s 

Crus'ty, a. morose, snappish, surly 
Crutch, s. a support used by cripples 
Cry, v. to call, to weep, exclaim, proclaim 
Cry, s. a weeping, shrieking, &c. 
Cryp'tic, Cryp'tical, a. secret, hidden 
Cryptog'raphy, s. art of writing in ciphers 
Crys'tal,i. a mineral, transparent stone 
Crys'talline, a. transparent, clear, bright 
Crys'tallize, v. a. to form salts into small 

transparent bodies ; to congeal 
Cub, s. the young of a beast, generally of a 

bear or fox ...v. a. to bring forth 
Curatory, a. recumbent, lying down 
Cu'bature, s. the solid contents of a body 
Cube, s. a square solid body ; a die 
Cu'bic, Cu'bical, a. formed like a cube 
Cu'bit, s. a measure of eighteen inches 
Cu'bital, a. containing a cubit's length 
Cuck'ing-stool, s. an engine invented for the 

punishment of scolds, and unquiet women 
Cuck'old, s. the husband of an adulteress 
Cuck'old, v. a. to commit adultery 
Cuck'oldy, a. poor, mean, despicable 
Cuck'oo, s. a bird ; a word of contempt 
Cu'cumber, s. a plant, and its fruit 
Cu'curbite, s. a chymical vessel, called a body 
Cud, s. food reposited in the first stomach of 

an animal, in order for rumination 
Cud'den, Cud'dy, /. a clown, a stupid dolt 
Cud'dle, v. n. to lie close, to hug 
Cud'gel, s. a fighting stick...?;, a. to beat or 

fight with sticks 
Cue, s. the end of a thing ; hint, intimation 
Cuff, s. a blow, box ; part of a sleeve 
Cuir'ass, s. a breastplate of leather or steel 
Cuirassi'er, s. a soldier in armour 
Cuish, s. armour that covers the thighs 
Cu'linary, a. relating to the kitchen 
Cull'ender, s. a draining vessel. See Colander 
Cul'ly, ;. a man deceived by a woman 
Culm, s. a kind of small coal, soot, &c. 
Cul'minate, v. n. to be in the meridian 
Cul'pable, a criminal, blameable 
Cul'prit,*. a man arraigned before a judge 
Cultivate, v. a. to till, manure, improve 
Cultivation, t. act of improving soils, &c. 
Cul'ture, s. act of cultivation, improvement, 

melioration...?;, a. to till, to manure 
Cul'ver, s. a pigeon, a wood pigeon 
Cui'verin, s. a species of ordnance 
Cum'ber, v. a. 'o embarrass, to entangle 
Cum'bersome, Cum'brous, a. burdensome, 

embarrassing, oppressive, vexatious 
Cu'mulate, v. a. to heap or pile up, to amass 
Cund, v. n. to give notice, to show, inform 
Cu'neated, a. formed like a wedge 
Cun'ning, a. skilful, artful, crafty, subtle 
Cun ning, Cun'ningness, s. artifice, slyness 
Cup, s. a drinking vessel : part of a flower 
ffup, v. a, to draw blood by scarification 

Cup'bearer, s. an officer of the household 
Cup'board, <-.acase where victuals, &c. are rJut 
Cu'pel, Cup'pel, s. a refining vessel 
Cupid 'ity, s. unlawful, sensual desire 
Cu'pola, s. a dome, an arched roof 
Cur, j. a dog ; a snappish or mean man 
Cu'rable, a. that may be remedied 
Cu'racy, s. the employment of a curate 
Cu'rate, s. a parish priest ; one who officiates 

in the room of the beneficiary 
Curb, v. a. to restrain, to check, to bridle 
Curb, s. part of a bridle; inhibition, restraint 
Curd, s. the coagulation of milk 
Curd,Cur'dle, v. to coagulate, concrete 
Cure, s. a remedy, restorative ; act of heal- 
ing ; benefice or employment of a curate 
Cure, v. a. to restore to health ; to salt 
Cur'ed, part, healed, restored, preserved 
Cu'reless, a. having no remedy, incurable 
Cur'few, y. eight o'clock bell ; a fire plate 
Curios'ity, s. inquisitivenees ; a rarity 
Cu'rious, a. inquisitive, rare, nice, accurate 
Curl, s. a ringlet of hair ; a wave 
Curl, v. a. to turn into ringlets, to twist 
Cur'lew, s. a kind of water and land fowl 
Curmud'geon,?. an avaricious fellow, a churl, 

a miser, a niggard, a griper 
Cur'rant, s. the name of a tree, and its fruit 
Cur'rency, s. circulation, general reception ; 
paper established as, and passing for, the 
current money of the realm 
Cur'rent, a. circulatory, general, popular 
Cur'rent, s . a running stream 
Cur'ricle, s. a chaise of two wheels, calcula- 
ted for expedition, drawn by two horses 
Cur'rier, J. a dresser of tanned leather 
Cur'rish, a. quarrelsome, brutal, sour 
Cur'ry, 'v. a. to dress leather ; to beat 
Cur'rycomb, s. an iron comb for horses 
Curse, s. a bad wish ; vexation, torment 
Curse, v. a. to wish evil to ; to afflict 
Cur'sedly, ad. miserably, shamefully 
Cur'sitor, s. a clerk in Chancery 
Cur'sorary, Cur'sory, a. hasty, careless 
Cur'sorily, ad. hastily, without care 
Curta'il, v. a. to cut off, cut short, abridge 
Cur'tain, s. furniture of a bed, or window ; 
fortification. ..v.n. to enclose with curtains 
Curta'tion, s. the distance of a star from the 

ecliptic ; a term in astronomy 
Curv'ature, s. crookedness, bent form 
Curve, 17. a. to bend, tocroolc.a. crooked 
Curv'et, s. a leap, a bound, a frolic 
Curv'et, v. a. to leap, bound, prance, frisk. 
Curvilin'ear, a. consisting of crooked lines 
Cush'ion, s. a soft seat for a chair 
Cusp, s. the horns of the moon ; a point 
Cusp'ated, a. terminating in a point, pointed 
Cusp'idate, v. a. to sharpen, to point 
Cus'tard, s. a sweet food made of milk, &c 



Cus'tody, ;. imprisonment, security, care 
Custom,;, habitual practice, fashion, usage ; 

king's duties on exports and imports 
Cus'tomary, a. common, general 
Customer, ;. one who buys any thing 
Cus'tom-house, s. a house where duties are 

received on imports and exports 
Cut, v. a. to carve, hew, shape, divide 
Cut, s. a cleft or wound made with an edged 

tool ; a printed picture ; fashion, shape 
Cuta'neous, a. relating to the skin 
Cu'ticle, ;. a thin skin ; the scarf skin 
Cutic'ular, a. belonging to the skin 
Cut'lass, ;. a broad cutting sword 
Cut'ler, ;. one who makes knives, &c. 
Cut'ter, ;. a fast sailing vessel ; one who cuts 
Cut'throat, ;. a murderer, an assassin 
C lifting, r. a piece cut off, a branch 

Cut'tle, s. a fish ; a foul-mouthed fellow 
Cy'cle, s . a circle ; periodical space of time 
Cyc'loid, ;. a figure of the circular kind 
Cyclopa'dia, ;. a body or circle of sciences 
Cyg'net, s. a young swan 
Cyl'inder, .f. a long round body ; a roller 
Cylindrical, a. resembling a cylinder 
Cyma'r, ;. a slight covering ; a scarf 
Cym'bal, ;. a musical instrument 
Cynan'thropy, s. canine madness! 
Cyn'ic, ;. a follower of Diogenes ; a snarler 
Cyn'ic, Cyn'ical, a. satyrical, churlish 
Cy'nosure, ;. the north polar star 
Cy'press, ;. a tree ; an emblem of mourning 
Cy'prus, ;. a thin silky gauze ; a rush 
Cyst, ;. a bag containing morbid matter 
Czar, .;. the title of the Emperor of Russia 
Czari'na, *. title of the Empress of Russia 


DIS used as an abbreviation of Doctor 
and Divinity, as M. D. Medicinse 

Doctor, Doctor of Physic ; D. D. Doctor 

in Divinity ; it is also a numeral for 500 
pab, v. a. to strike gently ; to moisten 
Dab, s . a flat fish ; a gentle blow ; an artist 
Dab'ble , v. a. to meddle j to play in water 
Dab'bler, ;. a superficial meddler in sciences, 

&c. one that plays in water 
Dab'chick, ;. a water fowl j a chicken 
Daca'po, s. in music, signifies that the first 

part of a tune must be repeated 
Dace, /..a. small river fish resembling a roach 
Dac'tyle, s. a poetical foot, consisting of one 

long syllable and two short ones 
Dae'dal, Daeda'lian, a. cunning, intricate 
Daffodil, Daffodilly, ;. a flower, a lily 
Daft, v. a. to toss aside, to throw away 
Dag'ger., ;. a short sword, a poniard 
Dag'gle, v. to trail in the mire or water 
Dag'gletail, a. bemired...;. a slattern 
Dai'ly, a. andarf. happening everyday; often 
Dain'tily, ad. delicately, deliciously 
Dain'ty, a. delicate, nice...;, a delicacy 
Da'iry, s. ■& milk farm ; a house where milk 

is manufactured into food 
Da'iry- maid,;, the woman servant who man. 

ages the dairy 
Dai'sied, a. full of, or adorned with, daisies 
Da'isy, s. a small common spring flower 
Da'ker, s. a dicker, a number of ten hides 
Dale, s. a vale, a space between two hills 
Dalliance, s. mutual caresses, love, delay 
Dal'lop, s. a tuft or clump 
DaWy, v. to trifle,, fondle, delay, amuse 

Dam, /. a mother of brutes ; a mole or bank 

to stop water ; a floodgate 
Dam, -v. a. to shut up, to confine, to obstruct 
Dam'age, s. mischief, loss, retribution 
Dam'age, v. to injure, to hurt, to impair 
Damageable, a. that which may be hurt 
Dam'ask, /. linen or silk woven into regular 

figures...!/, a. to weave in flowers 
Damaske'en, v. a. to inlay iron with gold 
Dame, s. an old title of honour for women ; 

mistress of a family ; women in general 
Damn, v. a. to curse, to doom to torments 
in a future state ; to censure, to condemn 
Dam'nable, a. most wicked ; destructive 
Damnation, /. exclusion from Divine mercy, 

condemnation to eternal punishment 
Dam'ned, />#>-£. a. cursed, detestable 
Dam'nify, v. a. to injure, to hurt, to impair 
Damp, a. moist, wet, foggy ; dejected 
Damp, s. a fog, moisture ; dejection 
Damp, v. a. to moisten, to wet ; to dispirit 
Dam'sel, ;. a young maiden, a country lass 
Dam 'son, Damascene, s. a black plum 
Dance, v. n. to move in measure...;, a mo- 
tion of one or more in concert 
Dan'cing, s. a motion of the feet to music 
Dandeli'on, s. the name of a plant 
Dan'dle, v. a. to fondle, to play 
Dan'druff, s. scurf, &c. on the head 
Da'newort, s. the dwarf elder, wall wort 
Da'nger, s. risk, hazard...-?;, a. to endanger 
Da'ngerless, a. without hazard, very safe 
Da'ngerous, a. full of danger, unsafe 
Dan'gle, v. to hang loose, to follow 
Dangler,;, one who hangs about women 

D E A 



Dank, a. very damp, humid, wet 
Dapatlcal, t. sumptuous in living, costly 
Dap'per, a. little and active, neat, tight 
Dap'perling, x. a dwarf, a little person 
Dap'ple, a. of different colours, streaked 
Dare, v. a. to challenge, to defy 
Da'ring, a. bold, adventurous, fearless 
Dark, a, wanting light, blind > not plain 
Dark'en, v. to make dark, to cloud, perplex 
Dark'ness, x. absence of light ; wickedness 
Dark'sorne, a. gloomy, obscure, not luminous 
Darling, x. a favourite..^, dear, beloved 
Darn, or Dearn, v. a. to mend holes 
Darliei, x. a common field weed 
Dar'rain, v. a. to range troops for battle 
Dart, x. a weapon thrown by the hand 
Dart'iugly, ad. very swiftly, like a dart 
Dash, v. to strike against ; to mingle, to cross 

or blot out ; to confound, to bespatter 
Dash, x. mark in writing, thus — ; a blow 
Das'tard, x. a poltroon, a coward 
Das'tardly, a. cowardly, base, timorous 
Date, v. a. to note the precise time 
Date, x. the time at which any event hap- 
pened, or a letter is written ; a fruit 
Da'teless, a . without any fixed term or date 
Da'tive, a. in grammar, the case that signifies 

the person to whom any thing is given 
Daub, v. a. to smear, paint coarsely, flatter 
Daub'er, x. a coarse, low painter 
Daugh'ter, x. a female offspring, a woman 
Daunt, v. a. to discourage, to intimidate 
Daunt'ed, part, dispirited, frightened 
Dauntless, a. fearless, bold, not dejected 
Daw, x. the name of a bird, a jackdaw 
Dawn, v. n. to grow light, glimmer, ©pen 
Dawn, x. the break of day, beginning 
Day r s. the time between the rising and set- 
ting of the sun, called the artificial day ; 
the time from noon to noon is termed the 
natural day ; light, sunshine 
Da'y-book, s. a tradesman's journal 
Daybreak, x. first appearance of day, dawn 
Daylight, x. the light of the day 
Day'star,x. the morning star ; Venus 
Daz'zle, v. a. to overpowei with light 
Deacon, x. one of the lowest of the clergy 
De'aconry, x. dignity or office of deacon 
Dead, a. deprived of life, spiritless, dull 
Dead'en, v. a. to weaken, to make tasteless 
Dead'ly, a. destructive, mortal, cruel 
Deadly, ad. mortally, irreconcileably 
Dead'ness, x. frigidity, want of warmth 
Deaf, a. wanting the sense of hearing 
Deafen, v. a. to make deaf, to stupify 
Dea'fness, s. want of the power of hearing 
Deal, x. part, quantity ; fir wood 
Deal, v. to distribute, to give each his due 
Dealba'tion, x. the art of bleaching 
Deal'er, x. one who deals cards ; a trader 

Deal'ing, x. practice, intercourse, traffic 
Dealt, pan. used, handled, given out 
Dean, x. the second dignitary of a diocess 
Dean'ery, x. the office or house of a dean 
Dear, a. beloved ; valuable, costly, scarce 
Dearly, ad. with fondness ; at a high price 
Dearth, x. scarcity, want, barrenness 
Deartic'ulate, v. a. to disjoint, to dismember 
Death, x. the extinction of life, mortality 
Deathless, a. immortal, perpetual 
Death'like, a. resembling death, still 
Death'watch, x. a small insedt that makes a 

tinkling noise, superstitiously imagined to 

be an omen cf death 
Deaura'tion, x. the act cf gilding 
Deba'r, -v. a. to exclude, preclude, hinder 
Deba'rk, v. a. to leave the ship, to go on shore 
Deba'se, z>. a. to degrade, lower, adulterate 
Deba'sement, x. aft of debasing or degrading 
Deba'te, x. a dispute, a contest, a quarrel 
Deba'te, v. to deliberate, to dispute, to argue 
Deba'uch, x. excess, luxury, drunkenness 
Deba'uch,v. a. to corrupt, to vitiate, to ruin 
Debauche'e, x. a rake, a drunkard 
Debauch'ery, x. lewdness, intemperance 
Debe'l, Debel'late, v. a. to conquer in war 
Debenture, x. a writ, or written instrument 

by which a debt is claimed 
Deb'ile, a. weak, faint, feeble, languid 
Debilitate, v. a. to weaken, to enfeeble 
Debility, x. weakness, languor, faintness 
Debonair, a. elegant, civil, well-bred, gay 
Dsbt, s. that which one man owes to another" 
Debt'ed, a. indebted to, obliged to 
Debt'or, x. one that owes money, &c. 
Decade, x. the sum or number of ten 
Dec'agon, x. a figure of ten equal sides 
Dec'alogue, x. the ten commandments 
Deca'mp, v. n. to shift a camp ; to move off 
Deca'nt, v. a. to pour off gently 
Decant'er, x. a glass vessel for liquor 
Decapitate, -v. a. to behead, to cut or lop cf? 
Deca'y, x. a decline, a falling away 
Deca'y, v. n. to decline, to consume, to rot 
Dece'ase, x. departure from life, demise 
Dece'ase, v n. to die, to depart from life 
Dece'ased, part, departed from life, dead 
Deceit, x. fraud, craft, artifice, pretence 
Deceit ful, a. full of deceit, fraudulent 
Deceive, v. a. to delude, to impose upon 
Deceiver, x. one who deceives, an impostor 
December, x. the last month of the year 
Decem'v irate, x. a government by ten rulers 
De'cency, u propriety, 'modesty, decorum 
Decen'nial, a. of, or containing ten years 
De'cent, a. becoming, suitable, modest 
De'cently, ad. in a proper manner, modestly 
Decep'tible, a. that may be deceived 
Decep'tion, x. a cheat, a fraud, a beguiling 
Deceptive, a. able tc deceive, false 



D E F 

Dect'rpt, a. plucked away, taken off 
Decerta'tion, s. a contention, a striving 
Decha'rm, v. a. to counteract a charm 
Deci'de, v. a. to determine, settle, conclude 
Deci'dedly, ad. absolutely, positively, fully 
Deci'der, j . one who determines quarrels 
Decid'uous, a. falling off, not perennial 
De'cimal, a. numbered by tens 
Decima'tion, s. a selection of every tenth 
Decipher, v. a. to explain, unfold, unravel 
Deci'sion, s. the termination of a difference 
Decisive, a. terminating, final, positive 
Decisively, ad. conclusively, positively 
Deck, v. a. to address, to adorn, to cover 
Deck, s. the floor of a ship ; a pile of cards 
Decla'im, v. n. to harangue, to speak to the 

passions, to rhetoricate 
Decla'imer, s. one who declaims 
Declamation, s. a discourse addressed to the 

passions, an harangue 
Declam'atory, a. pertaining to declamation 
.jecla'rable, a. capable of procf ; re?.l 
Declaration, s. an affirmation, publication 
Declarative, a explanatory, proclaiming 
Declaratory, a. affirmative, clear, expressive 
Decla're, v. a. to make known, to proclaim 
Decla'red, pari, affirmed, made known 
Decleii'sion, s. declination, descent ; varia- 
tion of nouns ; corruption cf morals 
Decli'nable, a. capable of being declined 
Declina'tion, ;. descent 5 the act of bending 
Declina'to^, s. an instrument of dialling 
Decli'ne, v. to lean, to bend, to decay ; to 

shun ; to refuse ; to vary words 
Decli'ne, s. a decay ; a tendency to worse 
Decliv'ity, s. an oblique or gradutl descent 
Deco'ct, v. a. to boii ; digest ; strengthen 
Decoc'tion, $. a preparation by boiling 
Decoc'ture, s. what is drawn by decoction 
Decollation, /. the aft of beheading 
Decompou'nd, v. a to compose of things al- 
ready compounded, to separate compounds 
Dec'orate, v. a. to adorn, to embellish 
Decora'cion, ;. an ornament, added beauty 
Deco'rous, a. decent, suitable, becoming 
Decor'ticate, v. a. to divest of bark, to peel 
Beco'rum, s. decency, order, seemliness 
Decou'ple; a. uncoupled, separated, free 
Deco'y, v. a. to allure, to ensnare, to entrap 
Beco'y, s. a place to catch wild fowl in 
Decoy-duck, s. a duck that leads others 
Pecre'ase, v. to grow less, to be diminished 
i3ecre'ase, s. a growing less, a decay 
Decre'e, v. a. to appoint, order, sentence 
Decre'e, s. an edict, law, determination 
Decrep'it, a. wasted and worn by age 
Decrepita'tion, s. a crackling noise 
Decrep'itiuJe, s. the last stage of old age 
Decres'cent, a. growing less, decreasing 
Secre'tal, a. appertaining to a decree 

Decre'tal, s. a book of decrees or edicts 
Dec'retory, a. judicial, final, critical 
Decry', v. a. to censure, to clamour against 
Decum'bence, s. the act of laying down 
Decum'bent, a. laying on the ground ; low 
Dec'uple, a. tenfold, repeated ten times 
Decu'rion, s. a commander of ten men 
Decur'sion, s. the act of running down 
Decurta'tion, s. the act of shortening 
Decuss'ate, v. a. to intersect at acute angles 
Dedec'orate, v. a. to disgrace, to reproach 
Dedenti'tion, s. a loss or shedding of teeth 
Ded'Icate, v. a. to devote to, to inscribe 
Dedicated, part, consecrated, inscribed 
Dedica'tion, s. consecration ; a compliment- 
ary address at the beginning of a book 
Bedi'tion, s. the act of yielding up any thing 
Dedu'ce, v. a. to gather or infer from 
Dedu'cement, s, the thing deduced 
Dedu'cible, a. that which may be inferred 
Dedu'ct, v. a. to subtract, to separate 
Deduction, s. an abatement, an inference 
Deduc'tive, a. that which may be inferred. 
Deed, s. an action, exploit, fact, writing 
Deed 'less, a. inactive, indolent, sluggish 
Deem, v. n. to judge ; to conclude ; to think. 
Deep, a- far to the bottom ; sagacious 
Deep, s. the sea ; the most solemn or still part 
Deep'ly, ad. to a great depth ; sorrowfully 
Deer, s. a forest animal hunted for venison 
Deface, v. a. to destroy, to raze, to disfigure 
Defa'cement, /. viol?.tion, injury, destruction 
Defa'ilance, j. failure, miscarriage 

J Defalcate, v. a. to cut or lop off, to abridge 
Defalcation, 1. a diminution, a cutting off 
Defama'cion, s. slander, reproach, detraction 
Defam'atory, a. calumnious, scandalizing 
Defa'me, v. &. to censure falsely, to libel 
Defat igate, v. a. to weary, to fatigue 
Defa'ult, s. an omission, defect, failure 
Default'er, s. one who fails in payment, &c 
Defeasance, j. act of annulling ; defeat 
Defeasible, a. that which maybe annulled 
Defe'at, v. a. to overthrow, frustrate, rout 
Defe'at, s. an overthrow, a deprivation 
Defe'ated, part, routed, disappointed 
Defe'ature, s. an alteration o'f countenance 
Defecate, 7>. a. to cleanse, purify, brighten 
Defeca'tion, s. purification 
Defe'ct, s. a fault, a blemish, an imperfection 
Defec'tible, a. imperfect, deficient, wanting 
Defection, s. failure, apostacy, revolt 
Defective, a. full of defects, imperfect 
Defe'nce, ;. a guard, vindication, resistance 
Defenceqess, a. naked, unguarded, impotent 
Defe'nd, v. a. to protect, vindicate, forbid 
Defend'ant,j. the person prosecuted 
Defend'er, s. a protector, a vindicator 
Defensible, a. that may b£ defended, right 

j Defensive j /. safeguard, state of defence 




Defe'r, v. to put off, to delay ; to refer to 
Deference, s. regard, respect, submission 
Deferent, s. that which carries or conveys 
Defi'ance, s. a challenge ; an expression of 

abhorrence or contempt 
Deficiency, s. a defect, want, imperfection 
Deficient, a. failing, wanting, defective 
Defi'le, v. a. to make foul, pollute, vitiate 
Defile, s. a narrow passage, a lane 
Defiled, part, polluted, corrupted, tainted 
Defilement, s. pollution, corruption 
Defiler, s. a corrupter, a violator 
Definable, a. that which may be ascertained 
Deft'ne, v. to explain ,• circumscribe, decide 
Defi'ner, j. one who describes 
Definite, a. certain, limited, precise 
Definite, s. a thing explained or defined 
Definiteness, s. certainty, limitedness 
Defini'tion, s. a short description of a thing 

by its properties ; a decision 
Definitive, a. determinate, express, positive 
Deflagrabil'ity, s. an aptness to burn 
Deflagration, s. act of consuming by fire 
Defle'ct, v. n. to turn aside, to deviate 
Deflec'tion, s. deviation, a turning aside 
Deflex'ure, s. a bending down, a deflection 
Defloration, s. selection of what is best; rape 
Defio'ur, v. a. to deprive a maiden of her 

virginity ; to ravish ; to take away the 

beauty and grace of any thing 
Defluous, a. that flows down, or falls off 
Defluxlon, s. flow of humours downwards 
Defceda'tion, s. a defilement, pollution 
Deforcement, s. withholding of lauds, &c. 

by force from the right owner 
Defo'rm, v. a. to disfigure, to dishonour 
Deform'ed, a. ugly, disfigured, crooked 
Deformity, s. ugliness, crookedness 
Defra'ud, v. a. to rob by a trick ; to cozen 
Defraud'er, s. one who defrauds or cheats 
Defra'y, v. a. to bear charges or expenses 
Deft, a. neat, handsome, proper, ready 
Deft'ly, ad. neatly, dexterously 
Defu'nct, a. dead, extinct-..?, a dead man 
Defunc'tion, s. a decease, extinction 
Defy', v. a. to challenge, to slight 
Degen'eracy, s. departure from virtue ; vice 
Degen'erate, v. n. to decay in virtue or kind 
Degeneration, s. the act of degenerating 
Degen'erous, a. degenerated, vile, base 
Deglu'tinate, v. a. to unglue ; undo, slacken 
Degluti'tion, s. the act of swallowing 
Degradation, j. a placing lower ; baseness 
Degra'de, v. a. to lessen, to place lower 
Degre'e, s. quality, class, station ; the 360th 

part of a circle ; 60 geographical miles 
Deho'rt, v. a. to dissuade, to discourage 
Dehorta'tion, s. dissuasion 
De'icide, s. the death of our Saviour 
"Deje'ct, v. 0. to cast down, afflict, grieve 
F % 

Dejection, s. lowness of spirits ; weakness 
Deject'ure, s. excrement, refuse 
Deification, s. the act of making a god 
De'ify, v. a. to make a god of, to adore 
Deign, v. a. to vouchsafe, to grant, 
De'ism, s. the opinion of those who acknow- 
ledge one God, but deny revealed religion 
De'ist, s. one who believes in the existence 
of Gcd, but follows no particular religion 
Deistlcal, a. belonging to deism 
De'ity, s. the Divine Being ; God 
Delacta'tion, s. a weaning from the breast 
Delap'sed, a. bearing or falling down 
Delate, v. a. to carry, to convey, to accuse 
Delation, s. a conveyance ; an accusation 
Dela'y, v. to put off, to frustrate, to stop 
Dela'y, s. a deferring ; a stop, a hinderance 
Delectable, a. pleasing, delightful 
Delectation, /. pleasure, delight 
Del'egate, v. a. to send away ; to intrust 
Delegate,*, a deputy, a commissioner, a vicar 
Delegates, /. pi. a court of appeal 
Delete'rious, a. deadly, destructive 
Deletion, s. act of blotting out ; destruction 
Delf, Delfe, Delph, s. a quarry ; a mine } a 

kind of counterfeit china ware 
Deliba'tion, jr. an essay, an attempt ; taste 
Delib'erate, v. n. to think, hesitate, muse 
Deliberate, a. circumspect, wary, slow 
Deliberation, s. circumspection, thought 
Del'icacy, s. daintiness, nicety, politeness 
Del'icate, a. nice, dainty, polite, pure, fine 
Del'icateness, s. tenderness, effeminacy 
Deii'cious, a. sweet, grateful, agreeable 
Delegation, s. the act of binding up 
Deli'ght, s. joy, pleasure, satisfaction 
Deli'ght, v. to content, to please, to satisfy 
Delightful, a. pleasant, charming 
Delin'eate, v. a. to design, sketch, paint 
Delineation, s. outlines of a picture ; a sketch 
Delinquency, s. a fault ; failure In duty 
Delinquent, s. an offender, a criminal 
Del'iquate, v. a. to melt, dissolve, clarify 
Delirious, a. light-headed, raving, doting 
Delirium, s. alienation of mind ; dotage 
Deliv'er, v. a. to resign ; rescue ; pronounce 
Deliv'erance, s. freedom from ; utterance 
Deliv'ery, s. release ; rescue ; childbirth 
Dell, s. a pit, a cavity, a shady covert 
Delu'de, v. a. to cheat, deceive, disappoint 
Delve, v. n. to dig, to fathom, to sift 
Delve, s. a ditch, a pitfal, a den, a cave 
Delv'er, s. one who digs with a spade 
Del'uge, s. a general inundation 
Del'uge, v. a. to drown, to overwhelm 
Delu'sion, s. a cheat, a deception, an error 
Delu'sive, Delu'sory, a. apt to deceive 
Dem'agogue, s. the ringleader of a faction. 
Dema'nd, s. a claim ; a question ; a call 
Derr.a'nd, v. a. to claim with authority 

D E N 


D E I> 

Demand'ant, s. the plaintiff in an action 
Demand'er, s. one who demands dues 
Deme'an, v. a. to behave •, to undervalue 
Demean'our, s. carriage, behaviour 
Dementu'tion, s. madness, delirious state 
Demerit, s. the opposite to merit ; ill-de- 

serving...i;. n. to deserve punishment 
DemeSne, s. a patrimonial estate 
Demi, a. half ; at Oxford a half fellow 
Dern'i-devil, s. half devil ; a wicked wretch 
Demi-god, s. half a god ; a great hero 
Demigra'tion, s. a removing from place to 

place, changing the habitation 
Demirep, t. a woman of light fame 
Demise, ;. death, decease ; will 
DemiSe, v. a. to bequeath at one's death 
Demis'sion, s. degradation, depression 
Demit, v. a. to degrade, to depress 
Democ'racy, s. a form of government, in 
which the sovereign power is lodged in 
the body of the people 
Democratical, a. relating to democracy 
Demolish, v. a. to destroy, to overthrow 
Demolisher, s. a destroyer, a layer waste 

HjSr*tion, j. aft of demolishing buildings 
De'mon, ;. an evil spirit, a devil 
Demo'niac, s. one possessed with a demon 
Demonol'ogy, s. a treatise on evil spirits 
Demonstrable, a. that which may be proved 

beyond doubt or contradiction ; evident 
Demonstrate, v. a. to prove with certainty 
Demonstration, s. an indubitable proof 
Demonstrative, a. invincibly conclusive 
Demul'cent, a. sofrening,.mollifying 
Demu'r, v. to dtlay, to suspend, to doubt of 
Demu'r, s. hesitation, suspense of opinion 
Demu're, a. decent, grave, affectedly modest 
Demu'rely, ad. affecledly, solemnly 
Demurrage, s. allowance for delaying ships 
Demur'rer, s. a stop in a lawsuit 
Demy', s. a paper so call£d 
Den, ;. a cavern ; cave for wild beasts, &c. 
De'nary, a. relating to, or containing ten 
Dena'y, s. a denial, a refusal, a rejection 
Deni'able, a. that which may be denied 
Deni'al, /. refusal, negation, abjuration 
Denigrate, v. a. to blacken, to make black 
Denization, /. the act of making a man free 
Denizen, s. a citizen, a freeman 
Denominate, v. a. to give a name to 
Denomination, s. a name given to ; a title 
Denominative, a. conferring a name 
Denotation, s. the act of denoting 
Deno'te, v. a. to mark, betoken, point out 
Denounce, v. a. to threaten, to accuse 
Den>e, a. close, compact, almost solid 
Dun'sity, s. closeness, compactness 
Dent, v- a. to indent, to mark with notches 
Den'tal, a. relating to the teeth 
Dentei'Li, ;. modillions in architecture 

Deniic'ulated, a. set with small teeth 
Dentition, /. the act of breeding the teeth 
Dentifrice, s. a powder for the teeth 
Denu'date, Denu'de, v. a. to strip, to divest 
Denunciation, s. a public menace 
Deny', -v. a. to contradict ; to refuse, disown 
Deob'strucnt, a. removing obstructions 
De'odand,*. forfeiture made to God 
Deop'pilative, a. clearing obstructions 
Depaint, -v. a. to picture, to describe 
Depa'rt, v. to go away ; to die -, to apostatize 
Depa'rt, Departure, s. a going away ; death 
Depart'menl, s. a separate office ; duty 
Depau'perate, v. a. to make poor 
Depec'tible, a. tough, clammy, tenacious 
Depe'nd, v. n. to hang from ; to rely on 
Dependence, s. connexion, reliance, trust 
Depend'ant, a. in the power of another 
Dependent, Depend'ent, Depend'er, s. one 

who lives in subjection to another 
Depend'ent, a. hanging from, or down 
Dephle'gm, v. a. to clear from phlegm 
Depi'ct, v- a. to paint, to portray, to describe 
Dep-;ct'ed,prt;7. painted, described, told 
Depi'lous. a. without hair, smooth 
Depletion, s. act of emptying out or from 
Deplo rable, a. sad, hopeless, lamentable 
Deplo're, v. a. to lament, bewail, mourn 
Deplu'raed, a. stripped of the feathers 
Depo'nent, s. a witness on oath ; in grammar, 

such verbs as have no active voice 
Depopulate, v. a. to unpeople, to lay waste 
Depopulation, s. havoc, destruction, waste 
Depo'rt, v. n. to carry, to demean, to behave 
Depo'rt, Deport'ment, s. behaviour, conduct 
Deportation, s. transportation, exile 
Depo'se, v. a. to degrade, to divest ; to attest 
Depos'ite, v. a. to lay up as a pledge, &c.„, 

s. a pledge, a pawn, security given 
Deposition, s. the act of giving public testi- 
mony ; depriving a prince of sovereignty 
Depository, s. the place where any thing is 

lodged ; a warehouse, a storehouse 
Depravation, s. depravity, defamation 
Depra've, v. a. to vitiate, to corrupt 
Depra'vement, Depravity, s. a vitiated state 
Dep'recate, v. a. to pray deliverance from y 

to avert by prayer ; to implore mercy 
Deprecation, s. a prayer against evil 
Depre'ciate, v. a, to lessen in value 
Dep'redate, v. a. to rob, to pillage, to spoil 
Depredation, /. a robbing, a spoiling 
Depredator, i. a robber, a plunderer 
Deprehe'nd, v. a. to take unawares, discover 
Depre'ss, v. a. to humble, deject, cast down 
Depression, s. the act of humbling ; lowness 

of spirits ; act of pressing down 
Depres'sor, s. he that keeps or presses down 
Deprivation, s. the act of depriving 
Depri've, v. a. to take from, debar, bereave 

D E 3 


D E T 

Depth, /. deepness ; the abyss ; abstruseness 
Depu'celate, v. a. to deflour 
Dep'urate,#. cleansed, pare, freed from dregs 
Depura'tion, s. making pure or clear 
Depu'ratory, a. tending to cleanse, or free 
Deputation, s. aft of deputing ; vicegerency 
Depu'te, v. a. to appoint, to empower to act 
Dep'uty, s. any one that transacts business 

for another, a substitute, a viceroy 
Dera'cinate, v. a. to pluck up by the roots 
Dera'ign, v. a. to prove ; justify ; to disorder 
Dereliction, 5. an utter forsaking 
Deri'de, v. a. to ridicule, to mock, to laugh at 
Deri'sicn,j. contempt, scorn •, a laughingstock 
Deri'sive, a. ridiculing, scoffing, mocking 
Deri'vabie, a. coming by derivation 
Derivation, s. tracing from its original 
Derivative, a. derived from another 
Deri've, -v. to deduce from its original ; to 

owe its origin to ; to descend from 
Der'nier, a. the last, the only remaining 
Der'cgate, v. to disparage, detract, lessen 
Der'ogate, a. lessened in value, damaged 
Deroga'tion, s. a defamation ; detraction 
Derog'atory, Derog'ative, a. detractory ; that 

lessens the honour of ; dishonourable 
Der'vis, Der'vise, /. a Turkish priest 
Des'cant, /. a song ; discourse ; disputation 
Desca'nt, v. n. to discourse at large ; to sing 
Desce'nd, v. n. to come down, to sink 
Descendant, s. the offspring of an ancestor 
Descendant , a .proceeding from 
Dcscen'sion, s. the act: of falling or sinking ; 

a declension ; degradation 
Desce'nt, s. a declivity; invasion; birth 
Descri'be, v. a. to represent by words, &c. 
Descrip'tion, s. the act of describing; repre- 
sentation ; delineation 
Descriptive, a. tending to describe ; full 
Descry', v. a. to spy out, to discover ; to detect 
Desecra'tion, s. the abolition of consecration 
Des'ert, s. merit, worth, claim to reward 
Des'ert, s. a wilderness ; solitude ; waste 
Dese'rt, v. a. to forsake, to abandon, to quit 
Desert'er, s. one who forsakes his cause ; he 

that quits his regiment clandestinely 
Deser'tion, s, act of forsaking or abandoning 
Desert'less, a. without merit, worthless 
Dese'rve, v- n. to be worthy of good or ill 
Deserv'edly, ad. worthily, according to desert 
Deserv'ing, part . worthy of, good ; kind 
Desic'cant, /. an application to dry sores 
Desic'cate, v. a. to dry up, to exhale 
Desid'erate, v. a. to want, to miss 
Be nd era' turn, s. somewhat which inquiry has 
not been able to settle or discover ; as the 
longitude is the desideratum of navigation 
Desi'gn, -v. a. to purpose, to project, to plan 
Desi'gn, /. an intention, a plan, a scheme 
Designation,;, appointment; intention 

Designedly, ad. intentionally, purposely 
Designer, s. a contriver; an architect 
Designing, a. deceitful, cunning, insidious 
Desi'rable, a. worthy of desire, pleasing 
Desi're, s. wish ; eagerness to obtain or enjoy 
Desi're, v. a. to wish ; to covet; to entreat 
Desi'rous, a. full of desire, eager, anxious 
Desi'st,"u. n. to cease from any thing; to stop- 
Desis'tive, a. ending, concludent, final 
Desk, s. an inclining table to write on 
Des'olate, v. a. to lay waste, to make desert 
Des'olate, a. laid waste, uninhabited, solitary 
Desola'tion, s. destruction, gloominess 
Despa'ir, s. hopelessness, despondence 
Despa'ir, v.n. to be without hope, to despond 
Despa'tch, v. a. to send away hastily ; to kill 
Despatch, /. haste, speed ; an express 
Despera'do, s. a furious person 
Des'perate, a. having no hope; rash, furious 
Des'perately, ad. rashly, furiously, madly 
Despera'tion, ;. despair, rashness 
Des'picable, a. contemptible, worthless 
Despi'sable, a. contemptible, mean 
Despi'se, v. a. to scorn, to contemn, to slight 
Despi'te, s. malice, malignity ; defiance 
Despite, v. a. to vex, to affront, to distress 
De sp i'teful, a. malicious, full of spleen 
Despo'il, v. a. to rob, to plunder, to deprive 
Despolia'tion, s. the act of despoiling 
Despo'nd, v. n. to despair, to lose hope 
Despondency, j. despair, hopelessness 
Despond'ent, a. dejected, despairing 
Despcu'sate, v. a. to betroth, to affiance 
Des'pot, s. an absolute prince ; one that go- 
verns with unlimited authority 
Despotic, a. absolute, arbitrary, unlimited 
Des'potism, s. absolute power, tyranny 
Despuma'tion, s. scum, frothiness 
Desse'rt, s. the last course at a feast ; fruit 
Des'tinate, v. a. to design, to intend 
Destina'tion, s. the purpose intended 
Des'tine, v. a. to doom, to appoint, to devote 
Destiny, ;. fate, doom ; invincible necessity 
Destitute, a. forsaken, in want, friendless 
Destitution^ s. want, poverty 
Destro'y, v. a. to lay waste ; kill ; desolate 
Destrcy'er, s. the person that destroys 
Destructible, a. liable to destruction 
Destruc'tion, s. ruin, murder ; demolition 
Destructive, «. that which destroys ; wasteful 
Desu'etude, s. disuse of a custom 
Des'ultorily, ad. in a desultory manner 
Des'ultory, a. unsettled, unconnected 
Desu'me, v. a. to take from any thing 
Deta'ch, v. a- to separate, to send off a party 
Detach'ed, part, sent off, disengaged 
Detach'ment, s. a body of troops detached 
Detail, s. a minute, particular relation 
Deta'in, v. a. to withhold ; keep in custody 
Detaia'der, s. a writ to detain in custody 




Beta'iner, s. one who detains, &c. 
Dete'ct, v. a. to discover, to find out 
Detection, s. discovery of guilt or fraud 
Detention, s. the act of detaining ; restraint 
Dete'r, v. a. to discourage, to dishearten 
Dete'rgB, v. a. to cleanse a wound 
Deter'gent, a. cleansing, wiping off 
Determent, s. cause of discouragement 
Deter minable, a. that which can be decided 
Determinate, -v. a. to limit, to fix 
Determinate, a. limited, decisive, resolute 
Deter'minately, ad. resolutely, decisively 
Determination, s. a decision ; a resolution 
Deter'mine, v. a. to fix, to resolve, to decide 
Determined, part, resolved, decided 
Deter'sive, a. having power to cleanse 
Dete'st, v. a. to hate, abhor, dislike greatly 
Detest'able, a. hateful, odious, abominable 
Detestation, s. hatred, abhorrence 
Dethro'ne, v. a. to divest of regality 
Detona'tion, s. that noise which happens on 

mixing fluids that ferment with violence 
Detra'ct, v. a. to derogate, slander, defame 
Detraction, s. defamation, slander 
Detract'ive, a. tending to detract 
Detract 'ory, a. defamatory, derogatory 
Detriment, s. loss, damage, mischief, harm 
Detrimental, a. hurtful, injurious 
Detri'tion, s. the act of wearing away 
Detru'de, v. a. to thrust down, to lower 
Detru'sion, s. the act of thrusting down 
Devastation, s. waste, havoc, destruction 
Deuce, j. the two in cards or dice ; the devil 
Devel'op, v.a. to unfold, to detect, to unravel 
Deve'st, v. a. to strip ; to annul ; to free from 
De'viate, -v. n. to wander, to go astray, to err 
Deviation, s, quitting the right way ; offence 
Devi'ce, s. a contrivance ; an emblem 
Dev'il, s. a fallen angel; a wicked person 
Dev'ilish,«. diabolical, abandoned ; excessive 
De'vious, a out of the common track ; erring 
Devi'se, v. to contrive, to invent, to consider 
Devi'sed, part, contrived ; given by will 
Devise'e, s. one to whom a thing is devised 
Devoi'd, a. empty, vacant, destitute of 
Devo'ir, s. service; an act of obsequiousness 
Devo'lve, v. to fall by succession; roll down 
Devote, v. a. to consecrate ; to give up 
Devote'e, s. a bigot, a superstitious person 
Devotion, s. piety ; worship ; power ; ardour 
Devo'ur, v. a. to eat ravenously, to consume 
Devo'ut, a. pious, religious, sincere 
Devout'iy, ad. piously, with ardent devotion 
Deuteros'copy, s. the second intention 
Dew, j. a thin cold vapour. ..v. a. to moisten 
Dew'berry, s. a fruit ; a kind of raspberry 
Dew'drop, s. a drop of dew, a spangle of dew 
Dew'lap, s. the flesh hanging from the throats 

of oxen ; the lip flaccid with age 
Dew'y, a, reagabling ox moist with dew 

Dexter'ity, s . activity, readiness, expertness 
Dex'terous, a. expert, active, cunning 
Dexterously, ad. expertly, artfully, skilfully 
Dex'tral, Dexter, a. on the right hand side 
Dey, s. the title of a Moorish prince 
Diabe'tes, j. an involuntary discharge of urine 
Diabolical, a. devilish, impious, nefarious 
Diaco'dium, s. the syrup of poppies 
Diacous'tics, j. the dodtrine of sounds 
Di'adem, s. a crown, a mark of royalty 
Dias'resis, s. the division of syllables 
Diagnostic, s. a distinguishing symptom 
Diag'onal, /. a line from angle to angle 
Di'agram, s. a mathematical scheme 
Di'al, s. a plate on which a hand shews the 
hour of the day by the progress of the sun 
Di'alect, s. manner of expression ; particular 

style ; subdivision of a language 
Dialectical, a. logical, argumental 
Dialectic, s. logic ; the art of reasoning 
Di'alling, s. the art of constructing dials 
Dial'ogist, s. a writer of dialogues 
Di'alogue, /. a conversation between two 0? 

more persons ; alternate discourse 
Diam'eter, s. a line which, passing through 

a circle, divides it into two equal parts 
Diamet'rical, a. describing a diameter 
Diamet'rically, ad. in a diametrical dif^ci 

tion ; in direct opposition 
Di'amond, s. the most valuable of all gems 
Diapa'son, s. an octave in music ; a concord 
Di'aper, /. a sort of fine flowered linen 
Diaph'anous, a. transparent, clear, pellucid 
Diaphoret'ic, a. promoting perspiration 
Di'aphragm, s. the midriff; a partition 
Diarrhce'a, s. a flux of the belly ; looseness 
Di'ary, s. a daily account; a journal 
Diastole, s. the making a short syllable long; 

the dilatation of the heart 
Dib'ble, s. a gardener's planting tool 
Dice, s. pi. of Die..^y. n. to game with dice 
Di'cer> s. a player at dice, a gamester 
Dick'er, s. the number of ten hides 
Dic'tate, v. a. to tell what to write ; instruct 
Dictate, s. a precept, an instruction 
Dictator, s. a ruler ; a Roman magistrate 
Dictatorial, a. authoritative, dogmatical 
Dictatorship, s. the office of a dictator 
Diction, s. style, language, expression 
Dic'tionary, s. a book explaining the words of 

any language alphabetically ; a lexicon 
Didactic, s. perceptive, giving precepts ; as a 

didactic poem gives rules for some art 
Didac'tic, Didactical, a. doctrinal 
Didactically, ad. in a didactic manner 
Die, v. to tinge, colour ; to lose life, perish 
Die, s. a small marked cube to play with ; 
stamp used in coinage ; colour, stain, hua 
Di'er, s. one who dies cloth, &c. 
Di'et, ;. food ; an assembly of prince* 

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D I 

Di'et, v. to supply with food; to eat by rule 
Di'etdrink, s a drink made with herbs, &c 
Differ, v.n. to be unlike, to vary, to disagree 
Difference, s. dissimilitude; a dispute 
Different, a. distinct, unlike, dissimilar 
Differently, ad. in a different manner 
Difficult,*?, not easy, troublesome, vexatious 
Difficulty* x. distress, perplexity j objection 
Diffxdence, s. distrust, want of confidence 
Diffluent, a. not confidenc, distrustful 
Dif fiuent, a. flowing every way, net fixed 
Diffo'rm,u. not uniform, irregular 
Diffu'se, v. a. to pour out, tc scatter, to spread 
Diffu'se, a. scattered, ccpicus, not concise 
DifFu'sedly, ad. widely, copiously 
Diffusion, Diffusiveness, ; . dispersion 
Diffusive, a. dispersed, scattered, extended 
Dig, v. a. to turn up, or cultivate land 
Dige'st, v. to dissolve ; to range in order 
Di'gest, s. a collection of civil laws 
Digest'ible, a. that which may be digested 
Digest'ion, s. the concocting or dissolving of 
food in the stomach ; preparation cf mat- 
ter by heat ; reduction to a regular plan 
Dig'ger, s. one who digs or turns up earth 
Dight, v. a. to deck, to dress, to adorn 
Di'git, s. three quarters of an inch ; "he 
twelfth part of the diameter of the sun or 
moon ; auv number under ten 
Di'gital, a. relating to a digit or the finger 
Dignified, part, invested with honours 
Dignify, v. a. to advance, to exalt, to honour 
Dig'nitary, s. a clergyman advanced to some 

dignity above that of a parochial priest 
Dig / nity, s. grandeur, rank, honour 
Digre'ss, v. r.. to turn aside ; to expatiate 
Digression,/, a deviation from the subject 
Dike, s. a ditch, a channel, a bank, a mound 
Dila'cerate, v. a. to tear, to force in two 
Dilapidate, v. n. to fall to ruin 
Dilapidation, s. the incumbent's suffering 
any edifice of his ecclesiastical living tc 
decay for want cf repair 
Dila'table, a. capable of extension 
Dila'te, v. to extend, to widen ; to relate 
Dila'tor, s. that which widens or extends 
Dil'atoriness, s. slowness, sluggishness 
Dil'atory, a. tardy, slow, loitering 
Dilem'ma, j. difficulty, vexatious alternative 
Dil'igence, ;. industry, constant application 
Dii'igent, a. persevering, assiduous, net idie 
Dilu'cid, a. clear, plain, not opaque 
Diiu'cidate, v. a. to make clear, to explain 
Dilu'te, v. a. to make thin, tc weaken 
Dilu'tlon, /. the act of diluting 
Dilu'vian, a. relating to the deluge 
Dim, a. not clear in sight or apprehension 
Dimen'sion, s. bulk, extent, capacity 
Diminish, v. to impair, to lessen, to degrade 
Dirainu'cion 3 ;. the act of making less 

Dimin'utive, a. small, little, contracted 
Di'missory, a. a letter from one bishop to 

another, about conferring holy orders 
Dim'ity, s. a fine fustain, or cloth of cotton 
Dim'ness, s. dulness of sight ; stupidity 
Dlm'ple, s. a hollow in the-cheek or chin 
Dim'ply, a. full of dimples 
Din, ;. a loud noise, a continued sound 
Dine, v. to eat, or give a dinner 
Dinet'ical, a. whirling round ; vertiginous 
Ding,?;, to dash with violence ; bluster, huff 
Dingle, s. a hollow between two hills 
Din'gy, a. dark, dirty, soiled, foul 
Din'ner, s. the chief meal of the day 
Dint, s. a blew, a mark ; violence, force 
Dinumera'tion, s. the numbering one by one 
Di'nus, s. a whirlwind ; a giddiness 
Dioce'san, f. a bishop, or head cf a diocess 
Di'ocess,j. the jurisdiction of a bishop 
Diep'trics, s. a part of optics, treating of the 

different refractions of the light 
Dip, v. to immerge ; to moisten ; to engage 
Diph'thong, s. two vowels joined together 
Diplo'ma, ;. a deed or privilege of degree 
Dip'sas, s. a serpent whose bite causes thirst 
Dip'tote, s. a noun of two cases only 
Dire, Di'reiul, a. dreadful, dismal, horrible 
Dire'ct,<2. straight, open, plain, express 
Dire'ct, v. a. to command; regulate; adjust 
DSrec'tion, s. an aim ; superscription 
Direct'iy, ad. immediately, apparently ; in a 

straight line ; rectilinearly 
Direct'or, ;. a superintendent ; an instructor 
Directory, s. a form of prayer ; a rule 
Di' reness, s. dismalness, horror, hidecusness 
Direp'tion, s. the act of plundering 
Dirge, ;. a mournful or funeral ditty 
Dirk, s. a kind of dagger or short sword 
Dirt, j. mud, filth, mire; meanness 
Dirt'iness, s. nastiness ; sordidness 
Dirt'y, a. foul, nasty, sullied ; base, mean 
Dirt'y, v. a. to foul, to soil ; to scandalize 
Dirup'tion, s. the act or state of bursting 
Disability, s. want of power, weakness 
Disa'ble, v. a. to render incapable, to impair 
Disabu'se, v. a. to undeceive, to set right 
Disadvantage, /. loss, injury to interest 
Disadvantageous, a. prejudicial, hurtful 
Disadvanta'ge&usly, ad. in a manner contrary 

to interest cr profit 
Disaffe'ct, v. a. to fill with discontent 
DisaifecVed,/w/. not wishing well to 
Disaffection, s. want of loyalty or zeal 
Disaifirm'ance, ;. a confutation ; a negation 
DisagTe/e,?;. n. to differ in opinion, to quarrel 
Disagre-eabie, a. unpleasing, offensive 
Dii?gre ement, s. difference, unsuitableness 
Disallow', v. to deny ; to censure, to reject 
Disallow'able, a. not allowable, improper 
Dif an imate, v. a. to deprive of life ; deject 


D I S 

Disanima'tion, s. privation of life 
Disannu'l, v. a. to annul, to make void 
Disappear, v. n. to be lost to view, to vanish 
Disappo'int, v. a. to defeat of expectation 
Disappointment, s. defeat of hopes ; miscar- 
riage of expectation; a balk 
Disapprobation, s. a censure, a dislike 
Disapprove, v. a. to dislike, to censure 
Disa'rm, v. a. to take away, or divest of arms 
Disarm'ed,^?'/. deprived of arms 
Disarra'y, s. disorder, confusion ; undress 
Disas'ter, s. misfortune, grief, mishap 
Dias'trous, a. unlucky, calamitous 
Disavou'ch, Disavo'w, v. a. to disown 
Disavowal, Disavow'ment, s. a denial 
Disba'nd, v. a. to dismiss from military ser- 
vice ; to separate, to break up, to scatter 
Disba'rk, v. a. to land from a ship 
Disbelief, j. a refusal of belief ; discredit 
Disbelie've, v. a. not to credit or believe 
Disbeliev'er, s. one who refuses belief 
Disbra'nch, v. a. to separate or lop off 
Disbur'den, v. a. to unload, to discharge 
Disbu'rse, v. a. to spend or lay out money 
Disburse'ment, s. a disbursing of money 
Discan'dy, v. n. to dissolve, to melt 
Disca'rd,?;. a. to dismiss or eject from service 
Discar'nate, a. stripped of fiesh 
Discern, v. a. to descry, judge, distinguish 
Discernible, a. discoverable, perceptible 
Discern'ing, part. a. judicious, knowing 
Discern'ment, s. judgment, skill 
Discerp'tible, a. frangible, separable 
Discharge, v. a. to dismiss ; to emit ; to pay 
Discharge, s. a dismission ; an acquittance 
Disci'nct, a. ungirded; loosely dressed 
Disci'nd, v. a. to divide ; to cut in pieces 
Disci'ple, s. a scholar ; a follower 
Disci'pleship, s. the state of a disciple 
Discipline, s. a military regulation ; order 
Discipline, v. a. to educate ; to regulate ; to 

keep in order; to reform; to chastise 
Discla'im, v. a. to disown, deny, renounce 
Disclo'se, v. a. to reveal, to tell, to discover 
Disclosure, s. revealing a secret ; discovery 
Discol'our, v. a. to stain or change colour 
Discom'fit, v. a. to defeat, to vanquish 
Discom'hture, s. overthrow ; loss of battle 
Discom'fort, v. a. to grieve, deject, sadden 
Discom'fort, s. uneasiness, melancholy 
Discomme'nd, v. a. to blame, to censure 
Discommend'able, a. blameable, censurable 
Discommo'de, -v. a. to put to inconvenience 
DisCompo'se,T/. a. to ruffle, to vex, to displace 
Disconce'rt, v. a. to unsettle, to discompose 
Disconfor'mity,;. want of agreement 
Discongru'ity, s. inconsistency, disagreement 
Disconsolate, a. sad, hopeless, sorrowful 
Disconte'nt, s. a want of content, sorrow 
Disccntent'ed,/>a/7. a. uneasy, dissatisfied 

Discontentment, s. the state of being discon- 
tented ; uneasiness 
Discontinuance, Discontinua'tion, s. a cessav 

tion, separation ; intermission 
Discontinue, v. to leave off; to interrupt 
Dis'cord, s. a disagreement; opposition 
Discordance, s. disagreement, inconsistency 
Discord'ant, a. inconsistent, incongruous 
Discov'er, v. a. to disclose, to detect, to espy 
Discovered, part, found out, betrayed 
Discov'ery, s, the act of finding, invention 
Disco'unt, v. a- to draw back, to pay back 
Dis'count,*. a draw back, an allowance 
Discountenance, i;. a. to discourage, to abash 
Discountenance, /. cold treatment 
Discour'age,t>. a. to deter, depress, dissuade 
Discour'agement, s. determent, cause of fear 
Disco'urse, s. conversation, a treatise 
Discour'teous, a. uncivil, rough, unpolite 
Dis'cous, a. broad, flat, wide 
Discredit, s. ignominy, reproach, disgrace 
Discredit, v. a. not to believe; to disgrace 
Discre'et, a. prudent, cautious, modest 
Dis'crepance, s. a difference, contrariety 
Discre'te, a. distinct, disjointed, separated 
Discretion, s. prudence; liberty of acting 
Discre'tionary, a. left at large, unrestrained 
Discriminate, v. a. to mark ; select ; separate 
Discrimination, s. a distinction ; act of dis- 
tinguishing one from another ; a mark 
Discrim'inous, a. dangerous, perilous 
Discu'bitory, a. fitted to a leaning posture 
Dis-cum'bency, s. the act of leaning at meat 
Discum'ber, v. a. to unburden, to disengage 
Discur'sion, s. act of running to and fro 
Discur'sive, a. progressive, argumentative 
Discur'sory, a. argumentative, rational 
Dis'cus, s. a quoit ; a round iron for play 
Discu'ss, v. a. to examine, to argue ; disperse 
Discuss'ion, s. examination of a question 
Discu'tient, s. a repelling medicine 
Disda'in, /. contempt, scorn, indignation 
Disda'in, v. a. to scorn, to reject, to slight 
Disda'inful, a. contemptuous, haughty 
Dise'ase, s. distemper, sickness, malady 
Dise'ase, v. a. to afflict, to torment, to pain 
Dise'ased, part, afflicted with a distemper 
Disemba'rk, v. to put on shore, to land 
Disembit'ter, v. a. to free from bitterness 
Disembod'ied, a. divested of the body 
Disembo'gue, v. to discharge into the sea 
Disembro'il, v. a. to clear up, to disentangle 
Disencha'nt, v. a. to free from enchantment 
Disencum'ber, v. a. to disburden, exonerate 
Disenga'ge, v. to quit, extricate, free from 
Disenga'ged, pari. a. at leisure ; clear from 
Disentan'gle, v. a. to unravel, to disengage 
Disenthral, v. a. to set free, to rescue 
Disenthro'ne, v. a. to depose a sovereign 
Disentra/nce,,'u. a. to awaken from a trance 

D I S 

D I S 

Disespo'use, v. a. to separate, to divorce 
Disestee'm, s. slight regard, dislike 
Disfa'vour, v. a. to discountenance 
Disfigura'tion, s. act of disfiguring; deformity 
Disfig'ure, v. a. to deform, deface, mangle 
Disfig'urement, s. defacement of beauty 
Disfranchise, v. a. to deprive cities, &c. of 

chartered privileges or Immunities 
Disgo'rge, v. a. to vomit, pour out with force 
Disgra'ce, v. a. to dishonour, to dismiss 
Disgra'ce, s. dishonour, loss of favour 
Disgra'ceful, a. shameful, ignominious 
Disgra'cious, a. unpleasing, unfavourable 
Disgui'se, s. a dress to deceive ; a pretence 
Disgui'se, v. a. to conceal ; disfigure, deform 
Disgu'st, s. an aversion, dislike ; offence 
Disgu'st, v. a.'to offend, provoke; to distaste 
Disgust'ful, a. nauseous, distasteful 
Dish, s. a vessel used to serve up meat in 
Dish, u. a. to put, or serve up meat in a dish 
Dishabille, s. an undress, a loose dress 
Disha'bitj-y. a. to throw out of place ; expel 
Dishear'ten,i;. a. to discourage, to terrify 
Dishe'rit, v. a. to cut off from inheritance 
Dishev'el, v. a. to spread the hair disorderly 
Dishev'elled,/>tfrr. loose, disordered 
Dishon'est, a. void of probity, faithless 
Dishon'esty, s. knavery ; incontinence 
Dishon'our, v. a. to disgrace, to deflour 
Dishonour, s. reproach, disgrace, censure 
Dishon'ourable, a. shameful, reproachful 
Disho'rn, v. a. to strip or deprive of horns 
Disinclination, s. dislike, want of affection 
Disincli'ne,^. a. to produce dislike to 
Disincorporate, v. a. to separate, to dissolve 
Disingenulty, s. insincerity, unfairness 
Disingen'uouS; a. illiberal, unfair, mean 
Disinherit, v. a. to deprive of inheritance 
Disinte'r, v. a. to take out of a grave 
Disinterested, a. void of private advantage 
Disjoin, v. a. to separate, to disunite 
Disjo'int, v. to put out of joint ; to fall in 

pieces ; to make incoherent 
Disjointed, part, separated, divided 
Disjudica'tion, /. the a£t of determining 
Disju'nct, a. disjoined, separate 
Disjunc'tion, s. a disunion, a separation 
Disk, s. the face of the sun, &c. a quoit 
Disli'ke, s. aversion, disapprobation 
Disli'ke, v. a. to disapprove, to hate 
Disli'ken, -v. a. to make unlike; unusual 
Disli'mn, v. to strike out of a picture 
Dislocate, v. a. to disjoint, to displace 
Disloca'tion, s. act of displacing ; a luxation 
Dislo'dge, v. to drive out ; to move away 
Disloy'al, a. not true to allegiance ; faithless 
Disloy'alty, s . a want of allegiance 
Dis'mal,a. sorrowful, uncomfortable ; dark 
Dis'mally, ad. horribly, sorrowrully 
Eisman'tiej v. a- to strip ; overthrow, destroy 

Disma'sk, v. a. to put off ; divest; uncover 
Disma'st, v. a. to deprive of, or cut off masts 
Disma'y, v. a. to terrify, to affright, to deject 
Disma'y, s. a fall of courage ; terror 
Dis'me, s. a tenth part, a tithe 
Dismem'ber, v. a. to cut off a limb, Sec. 
Dismi'ss, v. a. to send away, to discard 
Dismiss'ed, part, sent away, discharged 
Dismis'sion, s. a sending away ; deprivation 
Dismortgage, v. a. to redeem from mortgage 
Dismo'unt, v. to throw or alight from ahorse 
Disobe'dience, s. a breach of duty 
Disobe'dient, a. undutiful, froward 
Disobe'y, v. a. not to obey, to transgress 
Disobli'ge, v. a. to offend, disgust, provoke 
Disobli'ging,/>arJ. a. disgusting, unpleasing 
Disor'der, s. tumult, irregularity ; sickness 
Disor'der, v. a. to disturb, ruffle ; make sick 
Disorderly, a. confused, irregular; lawless 
Disor'dinate, a. vicious, living irregularly 
Diso'wn, v. a. not to own, renounce, deny 
Dispa'nd, v. a. to display, to spread abroad 
Dispar'age, v. a. to treat with contempt 
Disparagement, s. a disgrace, a reproach 
Disparity, /. inequality, dissimilitude 
Dispa'rk, i/. a. to throw open a park 
Dispa'rt, v. a. to divide in two, to separate 
Dispas'sion, s. coolness of temper 
Dispas'sionate, a. cool, moderate, impartial 
Dispa'tch. See Despa'tch 
Dispel, v. a. to drive away, to dissipate 
Dispe'nd, v. a. to spend, consume, expend 
j Dispen'sary, s. a place where medicines are 
dispensed to the public 
Dispensation, s. an exemption ; a distribu- 
tion; an indulgence from the Pope 
Dispen'satory, s. the directory for making 

medicines; a pharmacopeia 
Dispe'nse, v. to distribute ; to excuse 
Dispe'ople, v. a. to depopulate, to lay waste 
Dispe'rge, v. a. to sprinkle, to scatter 
Disper'se, v. a. to scatter, to drive away 
Disper'sion, s. the act of spreading abroad 
Dispirit, v. a. to discourage, damp, oppress 
Displa'ce, v. a. to put out of place, to remove 
Displa'cency, s. incivility, disgust 
Displa'nt, v. a. to remove a plant ; to drive 

away a people from their residence 
Displanta'tion, s. the removal of a people 
Displa'y, v. a. to spread wide, to exhibit 
Displa'y, s . grandeur, exhibition 
Displea'sant, a. unpleasing, offensive 
Disple'ase, v. a. to offend, disgust, provoke 
Displea'sure, /. offence, anger, disgrace 
Displo'de, v. a. to vent with violence 
Displo'sion, s. a bursting with violence 
Dispo'rt, s. play, sport, pastime, merriment 
Dispo'sal, s. a regulation ; conduct 
Dispo'se, v. to incline ; to adjust ; to set ifl 
order, to regulate-; to sell 

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D I S 

Dispo'sed, part, placed; inclined; sold 
Disposition, s. order, method ; quality, tem- 
per of mind ; situation ; tendency 
Disposse'ss, v. a. to deprive ; to disseise 
Disposses'sion, s. the aft of putting out 
Dispo'sure,*. disposal ; power; state ; posture 
Dispra'ise, s. blame, censure, dishonour 
Dispra'ise, v. a. to blame, censure, condemn 
Disprea'd, v. a. to spread different ways 
Disprof'it, s. loss, damage.-?;, a. to injure 
Disproo'f, s. a confutation, a refutation 
Disproportion, v. a. to mismatch 
Disproportion, s. want of symmetry ; un- 

suitableness ; disparity, inequality 
Dispropo'rtionable, Disproportionate, a. un- 
suitable in quantity ; unequal 
Dispro've, v. a. to confute, to refute 
Dispunishable, a. free from penal restraint 
Disputable, a. liable to be contested 
Dis'putant, t. a controvertist, a reasoner 
Disputa'tion, s. argumental contest 
Disputa'tious, Dispu'tative,a. inclined to dis- 
pute ; captious ; argumentative 
Dispu'te, v. a. to contend, oppose, wrangle 
Dispu'te, s. a contest, controversy, heat 
Dispute'less, a. undisputed, undeniable 
Di§qualifka'tion, s. that which disqualifies 
Disqualify, v. a. to make unfit, to disable 
Disqui'et, v. a. to disturb, fret, vex, harass 
Disqui'et, Disqui'etude, s. uneasiness 
Disqui'etly, ad. without rest, anxiously 
Disquisi'tion, s. a disputative inquiry 
Disregard, s. slight notice, neglect, contempt 
Disregard, v. a. to slight, negleft, contemn 
Disregard'ful, a. negligent, contemptuous 
Disrel'ish,;. bad taste; dislike, nauseousness 
Disrel'ish, v. a. to make nauseous, &c. 
Disrep'utable, a. disgraceful, unbecoming 
Disreputation, Disrepu'te, s. dishonour 
Disrespe'ft, s. rudeness, want of reverence 
Disrespeft'ful, a. irreverent, uncivil, rude 
Disro'be, v. a. to undress, to uncover, to strip 
Disrup'tion, j-. a breaking asunder, a rent 
Dissatisfac'tion, s. discontent, disgust 
Dissatisfactory, a. not giving content 
Dissat'isfy, v. a. to displease, to disoblige 
Disse'ft, v. a. to anatomize, to cut in pieces 
Dissec'tion, s. anatomy; nice examination 
Disse'ise, v. a. to dispossess, to deprive 
Disseise'e, s. one deprived of his lands 
Disse'isin, s. an unlawful ejectment 
Disseisor, s. he that dispossesses another 
Dissem'ble,?;. to play the hypocrite 
Dissem'bled, part, not real 
Dissem'bler, s. an hypocrite, a pretender 
Dissem'inate, v. a. to scatter, sow, spread 
Dissemination, s. the aft of scattering 
Dissen'sion, s. disagreement, strife, discord 
Dissen'sious, a. contentious, quarrelsome 
Disse'nt, differ in opinion ; to differ 

j Dissent'er, s. one who dissents from, or does 
not conform to, the ceremonies of the esta- 
blished church ; a nonconformist 
Dissertation, s. a discourse ; a treatise 
Disser've, v. a. to do an injury to, to hurt 
Disser'vice, s. injury, mischief, ill-turn 
Disser'viceable, a. injurious, mischievous 
Dissev'er, v. a. to part in two ; to disunite 
Dissili'tion, s. the aft of bursting in two 
Dissim'ilar, a. unlike, heterogeneous 
Dissimilarity, Dissimilitude, s. unlikeness 
Dissimulation, s. a dissembling ; hypocrisy 
Dis'sipate, <v. a. to disperse, to spend lavishly 
Dissipation, s. extravagant spending, waste 
Disso'ciate, v. a. to separate, to disunite 
Dis'soluble, a. capable of separation 
Disso'lve, v. to melt ; disunite, separate 
Dissol'vent, a. having the power of melting 
Dissol'vible, a. liable to be dissolved 
Dis'solute, a. loose, unrestrained, debauched 
Dissolution,*, a dissolving; death; destruc- 
tion; the aft of breaking up an assembly 
Dis'sonance, s. discord, harshness 
Dis'sonant, a, unharmonious, harsh 
Dissua'de, v. a. to advise to the contrary 
Dissua'sive, a. apt or proper to dissuade 
Dissyl'lable, s. a word of two syllables 
Dis'taff, s. a staff used in spinning 
Dista'in, v. a. to stain, to tinge ; to defame 
Distance, s. remoteness in place ; space of 
time ; respeft ; distant behaviour ; reserve 
Dis'tance, v. a. to leave behind in a race 
Dis'tanl, a. remote in time or place ; shy 
Dista'ste, s. aversion, dislike, disgust 
Dista'steful, a. nauseous, malignant 
Distem'per, s. a disease, malady; uneasiness 
Distem'per, v. a', to disease; ruffle, disaffeftr 
Distem'perature, s. intemperateness ; noise 
Distem'pered,/;rtr*. diseased; disturbed 
Diste'nd, v. a. to stretch out in breadth 
Distend'ed, part, widened, swelled 
Diste'nt, s. space, or length of extension 
Distention, s. aft of stretching ; breadth 
Dis'tich, s. a couple of lines ; a couplet ; an 

epigram consisting only of two verses 
Disti'l, v. to drop ; to draw by distillation 
Distilla'tion, s. the aft of distilling by fire 
Distiller, j. one who distils spirits 
Disti'nft, a. different, separate ; unconfused 
Distinction, s. a difference ; honourable note 

of superiority ; quality; discernment 
Distinft'ive, a. judicious, able to distinguish 
Distinft'ively, Distinft'ly,«<i. not confusedly 
Distinft'ness, s. clearness, plainness 
Distinguish, v. a. to discern, mark ; honour 
Distinguished, p#rtfl. eminent^ transcendent 
Disto'rt, v. a. to writhe, twjst, misrepresent 
Distor'tion, .f. grimace ; misrepresentation 
Distra'ft, v. a. to divide, to vex , to make mad 
Distraft'ed,/><*rJ.fl. perplexed, wild ; divided 

D I V 


Distraft'edly, ad. madly, franticly 
Distrac'tion, s. madness ; confusion, discord 
Distra'in, v. a. to seize goods or chattels 
Distra'int, s. a seizure of goods, &c. 
Distre'ss, v. a. to harass, to make miserable 
Distre'ss, s. a distraining ; misery, want 
Distressed, a. miserable, full of trouble 
Distribute, v. a. to divide among many 
Distribution, s. the aft of distributing 
Dis'trift, s. a circuit ; region ; province 
Distru'st, v. a. not to trust, to disbelieve 
Distru'st, .'. suspicion, loss of confidence 
Distrust'fui, a. apt to distrust ; timorous 
Distu'rb, v. a. to perplex, confound, interrupt 
Disturbance, s. perplexity, confusion, tumult 
Disturb'er, s. a violater of peace 
Disvalua'tion, s. disgrace, loss of reputation 
Disval'ue, v. a. to undervalue, to slight 
Disu'nion, s . a separation ; disagreement 
Disunite, v. a. to divide ; to separate friends 
Disu'nity, s. state of actual separation 
Disu'se, v. a. to disaccustom, to leave off 
Disvo'uchj-y. a. to destroy the credit of ; deny 
Ditch, s. a moat in fortification ; a trench 
Ditch'er, t. a man who makes ditches 
Dithyram'bic, s. a song in honour of Bacchus 
Dit'tied,e. sung ; adapted to music 
Dit'to, s. the aforesaid, the same repeated 
Dit'ty, s. a song ; a musical poem 
Diva'n, s. the Ottoman grand council 
Divar'icate, v. a. to divide into two 
Divarica'tion, s. a division of opinions 
Dive, v. n. to sink voluntarily under water ; 

to immerge into any business or science 
Di'ver, s. one who dives ; a water fowl 
Dive'rge, v. n, to bend from one point 
Diver'gent, a. going further asunder 
Di'vers, a. several, sundry, more than one 
Diver'se, a. different, unlike, opposite 
Diversification, s. change, variation 
Diversify, v. a. to distinguish, to variegate 
Diver'sion, s. a turning aside ; sport, game 
Diversity, s. dissimilitude, variegation 
Diversely, ad. differently, variously 
Dive'rt, v. a. to turn aside ; to entertain 
Diverting, part- merry, pleasing, agreeable 
Diverti'se, v. a. to please, divert, exhilarate 
Diver'tisement, /. diversion, recreation 
Dive'st, v. a. to strip ; to dispossess 
Divest'ure, s. the act of putting off 
Divi'dable, Divi'dant, a. separate, different 
Divi'de, v. to part, separate ; give in shares 
Div'idend,/. a share ; part allotted in division 
Divi'ders, s. a pair of compasses . 
Divid'ual, a. divided, shared with others 
Divsna'tion, s. a foretelling of future events 
Divi'ne, v. to foretel, to foreknow, to guess 
Divi'ne, a- godlike, heavenly, not human 
Divi'ne, s. a minister of the gospel, a priest 
Divi'ner, s. one who professes divination 

Divin'ity, s. the Deity ; the Supreme Being ; 

science of divine things ; theology 
Divisible, a. capable of being divided 
Divis'ion, s. the aft of dividing ; partition j 

part of a discourse ; just time, in music 
Divi'sor, s. the number that divides 
Divo'rce, v. a. to separate, to force asunder 
Divo'rce, Divo'rcement, s. the legal separa? 

tion of husband and wife ; disunion 
Diuret'ic, Diuret'ical, a. provoking urine 
Diur'nal, a. performed in a day, daily 
Diur'nal, s. a day-book, a journal 
Diur'nally, ad. daily, every day, day by day 
Diutur'nity, s. length of duration 
Divul'ge, v. a. to publish, reveal, proclaim 
Di'zen, v. a. to deck or dress gaudily 
Diz'zard, s. a blockhead, a fool 
Diz'ziness, s. giddiness, thoughtlessness 
Diz'zy, a. giddy, thoughtless 
Do, v. to aft any thing, either good or bad 
Do'cible, Do'cile, a. easily taught, traftable 
Docil'ity, s. aptness to be taught 
Dock, s. a shipbuilder's yard ; an herb 
Dock, v. a. to cut short ; to lay in a dock 
Dock'et, s. a direction tied upon goods 
Dock'yard, s. a yard for naval stores, &c. 
Doc'tor, s. a title in divinity, law, physic, &c. 
Doc'torship, s. the highest academical degree 
Doc'trinal, a. containing doctrine ; pertain- 
ing to the aft or means of teaching 
Doc'trine, s. precept, maxim, aft of teaching 
Doc'ument, s. a precept, instruction, direc- 
tion ; a precept magisterially dogmatical 
Document'al, a. relating to instruction 
Dod'der, s. a winding weed or plant 
Dodec'agon, s. a figure of twelve sides 
Dodge , use craft ; to follow artfully and 
unperceived ; to quibble ; to use low shifts 
Doe, s. the female of a buck 
Doff, v. a. to put off dress, to strip ; to delay 
Dog, s. a domestic animal ; a lump of iron 
Dog, v. a. to follow silly and indc-fatigably 
Dog'days, s. the days in which the dog-star 
rises and sets with the sun ; from July 24 
to August 28 
Doge, s. the chief magistrate of Venice 
Dog'ged, a. sour, morose, sullen, gloomy 
Dog'ger, s. a small ship with one mast 
Dog'gerel, s. despicable verses. ..a. vile, mean 
Dog'gish, a. brutal, currish, snappish 
Dog'ma, s. an established principle ; a tenet 
Dogmat'ical, a. authoritative, positive 
Dog'matism, s. a magisterial assertion 
Dog'matist, s. a positive teacher or assertor 
Dog'star, s. a certain star, from which the 

dog-days derive their appellation 
Dolly, s, a small napkin used after dinner 
Do'ings, 1. pi. feats, aftions ; stir, bustle 
Doit, s. a small piece of Dutch money 
Dole, s. a share, a part ; grief 3 misery 



D R A 

Dole, v. a. to deal, to distribute ; to grieve 
Do'leful, a. sorrowful, dismal, airlifted 
Do'lesome, a. melancholy, heavy, gloomy 
Doll, s . a little girl's puppet or baby 
Dol'lar, s. a foreign coin of different value, 

from about 2s. 6d. to 4s. 6d. ; a counter 
Dolorif'ic, a. causing pain or grief 
Do'Iorous, a. sorrowful, painful, doleful 
Do'lour, s. grief, lamentation, pain 
Dol'phin, s. a sea-fish, peculiarly beautiful 
Dolt, s. a heavy stupid fellow, a thickscull 
Dolt'ish, a. stupid, mean, blockish, dull 
Doma'in, /. a dominion ; empire ; estate 
Dome, j. a building ; cupola ; arched roof 
Domes'tic, a. belonging to the house ; pri- 
vate, not foreign j intestine 
Domes'tic, s. a servant, a dependant 
Domes'ticate, v. a. to make domestic 
Dom'inate, v. a. to prevail over ; to govern 
Domina'tion, s. power ; dominion ; tyranny 
Domine'er, v. n. to hector, to behave with 

insolence ; to act without control 
Domin'ical, a. denoting the Lord's day 
Domin'ion, s. sovereign authority ; power ; 

territory ; an order of angels 
Dom'ino, s. a kind of hood or long dress 
Don, /. a Spanish title for a gentleman 
Dona'tion, s. a gift, a present, a bounty 
Don'ative, s. a gift, a largess, a benefice 
Done, part. pass, of the verb to do 
Done ! inter, a word used to confirm a wager 
Do'nor, s. a giver, a bestower, a benefacto? 
Doom, v. a. to judge ; to condemn ; to destine 
Doom, s. a judicial sentence ; condemna- 
tion ; final judgment ; ruin ; destiny 
Doom'ed, part, fated, condemned, destined 
Dooms'day, s. the day of judgment 
Dooms'day-book, /. a book made by order of 
William the Conqueror, in which all the 
estates in England were registered 
Door, s. the gate of a house ; a passage 
Do'quet, s. a paper containing a warrant 
Dor'ic, a. relating to an order of architec- 
ture which was invented by the Dorians, 
a people of Greece 
Dor'mant, a. sleeping ; private, concealed 
Dor'mitory, s. a room with many beds ; a 

burial-place ; a family vault 
Dor 'mouse, s. a small animal which passes a 

large part of the winter in sleep 
Do'ron, s. a present ; measure of three inches 
Dorr, s. a flying inseft: ; the hedge chafer 
Dor'ture, s. a dormitory j a place to sleep in 
Dose, s . enough of medicine, &c for one time 
Dot, s. a small spot or point in writing, &c. 
Do'tage, s. imbecility of mind ; silly fondness 
Do'tal, a. relating to a portion or dowry 
Do'tard, Do'ter, s. one whose age has im- 
paired his intellects ; a silly lover 
Bote, v. rir. to love to excess or extravagance 

Do'ted, a. endowed, gifted, possessed of 
Dot'tard, s. a tree kept low by cutting 
Dou'ble, a. twofold, twice as much 
Dou'ble, v. to make twice as much ; to sail 
round a headland ; to fold ; to play tricks 
Dou'ble, s. a plait or fold ; a trick, a turn, 
Doublede'aler, s. a deceitful, subtle person 
Doubledeal'ing,*. dissimulation, cunning 
Doublemind'ed, a. treacherous, deceitful 
Doub'let, j. a waistcoat ; a pair ; two 
Doubleton'gued, a. deceitful, false, hollow 
Doubloo'n,;. Spanish coin, value two pistoles 
Doub'ly, ad. with twice the quantity ; twice 
Doubt, v. to question, to scruple, to distrust 
Doubt, s. suspense, suspicion, difficulty 
Doubt'ful, a. uncertain, not determined 
Doubt/fully, Doubt'ingly, ad. uncertainly 
Doubt'less, a. and ad. without doubt or fear 
Dou'cet, ;. a common kind of custard 
Dou'ceur, s. a sweetener ; a conciliating bribe 
Dove, s. a sort of pigeon, a wild pigeon 
Do'vecot, Do'vehouse, s. a pigeon-house 
Dove'like, a. meek, gentle, harmless 
Dove'tail, s. a term used by joiners 
Dough, s. unbaked paste, kneaded flour 
Dought'y, a. brave, eminent, illustrious 
Dough'y, a. soft, not quite baked, pale 
Douse, v. to plunge suddenly into water 
Dow'ager, s. a widow with a jointure 
Dow'dy, s. an awkward, ill-dressed woman 
Dow'er, or Dow'ery, s. a wife's portion ; a 

widow's jointure •, endowment, gift 
Dow'erless, a. without fortune, unportioned 
Dow'lass, s. a kind of coarse, strong linen 
Down, s. a large open plain ; the finest, soft- 
est feathers ; soft wool or hair 
Down, prep, along a descent...^, on the 

ground ; into declining reputation 
Down'cast, a. bent down, dejected 
Down'fal, s. ruin, calamity, sudden change 
Down'hill, a. descending..^, a descent 
Downly'ing, part, near time of childbirth 
Down'right, a. open, plain, undisguised 
Down'rightjrtd. plainly, honestly, completely 
Downs, s. a hilly, open country ; the sea be- 
tween Deal and the Goodwin sands 
Down'ward, a. bending down, dejected 
Down'ward, Down'wards, ad. toward the 
centre ; from a higher to a lower situation 
Down'y, a. covered with a nap ; soft, tender 
Dowse, s. a slap on the face...i>. a. to strike 
Doxol'ogy, s. a form of giving glory to God 
Dox'y, s. a loose wench, a prostitute 
Doze, v. to slumber, to stupify, to dull 
Doz'en, s. the number twelve 
Do'ziness, s- drowsiness, heaviness 
Drab, s. a thick woollen cloth ; a strumpet 
Drachm, s. an old Roman coin ; the eighth 

part of an ounce 
-Draff,- s. refuse ; any thing cast away 

D R E 

D R O 

Draft, ;. a bill drawn on another for money 
Drag, v. to pull along by force, to trail 
Drag, /. a net or hook ; a hand cart 
Drag'gle, v. a. to trail in the dirt 
Drag'gled, pare, made dirty by walking 
Drag'net, s. a net drawn along the bottom 
Drag'on, ;. a winged serpent ; a constellation 
Drag'onlike, a. furious, fiery, fierce 
Dragoo'n, t. a horse soldier ; a bully 
Dragoo'n, v. a. to force one against his will 
Drain, x. a channel to carry off water 
Drain, v. to make quite dry, to draw off 
Drake, j. a fowl, the male of the duck 
Dram, s. in Troy weight, the eighth part of 

an ounce ; a glass of spirituous liquor 
Dra'ma, s. the action of a play ; a poem 
Dramat'iCj^. represented by action ; theatrical 
Dram'atist, $. the author of dramatic compo- 
sitions, a writer of plays 
Dra'per, :. one who sells or deals in cloth 
Dra'pery, s. clothwork ; the dress of a picture 
Dras'tic, a. powerful, vigorous, efficacious 
Draught, ;. the act of drinking ; the quantity 
of liquor drunk at once ; quantity drawn ; 
a delineation, or sketch ; a picture ; de- 
tachment of soldiers ; act of pulling car- 
riages ; a sink, a drain 
Draag^t, Dr»i"t, a. used for or in drawing 
Draughts, s. a kind of play on chequers 
Draw, v. to pull forcibly ; attract ; unsheath ; 
to represent by picture ; to allure, to win 
Draw'back, *. money paid back on exports 
Draw'bridge, s. a bridge made to draw up 
Draw'er, s. one who draws ; a sliding box 
Draw'ers, ;. a kind of light under breeches 
Draw'ing, s. a delineation, a representation 
Draw'ing-room, ;. the room in whioh com- 
pany assemble at court 
Drawl, v. n. to speak slowly, or clownishly 
Draw'- well, s. a deep well of water 
Dray, s. a carriage used by brewers 
Dra'zel, s. a mean, low wretch ; a drab 
Dread, s. great fear, terror, awe, affright 
Dread, v. to be in fear, to stand in awe 
Dread, a. great, mighty, awful, noble 
Dread'ful, a. terrible, frightful, horrid 
Dread'fuily, ad, terribly, frightfully 
Dread'iess, a. fearless, undaunted, daring 
Dream, s. thoughts in sleep ; an idle fancy 
Dream, v. to rove in .sleep ; to be sluggish 
Dream'er, t. one who dreams ; a mope 
Dream'iess, a. free from dreams 
Drear, Drear'y, a. mournful, gloomy, dismal 
Drear'iness, s. gloominess, dulness 
Dredge, s. an oyster net ; mixture of grain 
Dredge, v. a. to besprinkle flour on meat 

while roasting ; to catch with a net 
Dredg'ing-box, s. a box used for dredging 
Dreg'gy, a. containing dregs, not clear 
Dregs,;, the sediment, of liquors,, lees 

Drench, v. a. to soak, steep, fill with drink 
Drench, /. a horse's physical draught 
Drench'ed, part, washed, soaked, cleansed 
Dress, s. clothes, ornaments, finery 
Dress, v. a. to clothe, to deck, to adorn ; to 
cook ; to cover a wound ; to curry a horse 
Dress'er, s. he who dresses ; a kitchen table 
Dress'ing, s. the act of clothing, Sec. 
Dress'ing-rocm, $. a place used to dress in 
Drib, v. a. crop, to cut short, to lop off 
Drib'ble, v. n. to drop slowly ; slaver, driVel 
Drib/let, i, a small part of a large sum 
Dri'er, s. that which absorbs moisture 
Drift, s- a design, tendency ; any thing driv- 
en at random ; a heap ; a storm 
Drift, v. a. to urge along ; to throw on heaps 
Drill, s. an instrument to bore holes with ; a 
small brook, an ape...x>. to exercise troops 
Drink, s. a liquor to be swallowed 
Drink, v. to swallow liquors, to quench thirst 
Drink'able, a. what may T be drunk 
Drink'er, s. one who drinks ; a drunkard 
Drip, v. n. to drop down.,.;, what drops 
Drip'ping, s. the fat that drops from meat 

while it is roasting or baking 
Drip'ple, a. weak ; rare, uncommon 
Drive, v. to force along ; to urge in any di- 

Driv'el, v. n. to slaver, to drop ; to dote 
Driv'el, s. slaver, spittle ; a foci, an idiot 
Driv'elier, s. a fool, an idiot, a slaverer 
Driv'en, Drc'ven, part, of io drive 
Dri'ver, s . one who drives or urges on 
Driz'zle, v. n. to come or fall in small drops 
Driz'zly, a. raining in small drops 
Drock, s. a part of a plough 
Dioil, v. n. to work idly, &.C...J. a drone 
Droll, ;. a farce j a jester, a buffoon 
Droll, v. n. to play the buffoon, to jest 
Droll, a. comical, humorous,merry,laughable 
Droi'iery, s. buffoonery, idle jokes 
Drom'edary, s. a swift kind of camel 
Dro'mo, s. a swift sailing vessel ; a fish 
Drone, s. the bee which collects no honey j 

an idler, a sluggard ; a slow humming 
Drone, -v. n. to live in idleness, to dream 
Dro'nish, a. idle, sluggish, inactive, dull 
Droop, v. n. to pine away, languish, faint 
Droop'ing, part, fainting, languishing 
Drop, j. a small quantity or globule of any 

liquid ; an ear-ring 
Drop, v. to let fall, to fall in drops ; to utter 

slightly ; to cease,to die, to come to nothing 
Drop'let, /. a little drop ; a small ear-ring 
Drcp'pings, s. that which falls in drops 
Drcp'sical, a. diseased with a dropsy 
Drop'sy, s. collection of water in the body 
Dross, r. the scum of metals : refuse, dregs 
Dross'y, a. full cf dross, worthless, foul 
Drove, /. a herd of cattle ; a crov. d, a tumult 



D W A 

Dro'ver, s. one who drives cattle to market 
Drought, Drouth, s. dry weather ; thirst 
Drought' y, a. wanting rain ; thirsty ; sultry 
Drown, v. to suffocate in water ; to over- 
whelm in water ; to immerge, to bury in 

an inundation, to deluge 
Drow'sily, ad. sleepily, heavily, lazily, idly 
Drow'siness, s. sleepiness, idleness 
Drow'sy, a. sleepy, heayy, stupid, dull 
Drub, s. a thump, a knock, a blow 
Drub, v. a. to thresh, to beat, to bang 
Drub'bing, s. a beating, a chastisement 
Drudge, v. n. to labour in mean offices 
Drudg'ery, s. hard, mean labour ; slavery 
Drudgingly, ad. laboriously, toilsomely 
Drug, s. a medicinal simple j a thing of little 

value or worth ; a drudge 
Drug'gst, s. a slight kind of woollen stuff 
Drug'gist, s. a person who sells physical drugs 
Dru'id, s. an ancient British priest and bard 
Drum, s. an instrument of military music ; 

the tympanum of the ear 
Drum, v. n. to beat a drum, to beat 
Drum-ma'jor, s. chief drummer of a regiment 
Drum'mer, s. one who beats a drum 
Drum'stick, s. the stick for beating a drum 
Drunk, a. intoxicated with liquor 
Drunx'ard, .r. one given to excessive drinking 
Drunk'enness, s. intoxication, inebriety 
Pry, a. arid ; not rainy ; thirsty ; barren 
Dry, v. to free from moisture, to drain 
Dry'ly, ad. coldly, frigidly ; oddly 
Dry'ness, s. want of moisture 
Dry'nurse, s. a woman who brings up a child 

without sucking at the breast 
Du'al, a. expressing the number two 
Dub, v. a. to confer knighthood on a person 
Da'bious, a. doubtful, uncertain, not clear 
Du'bitable, a. doubtful, very uncertain 
Du'cal, a. pertaining to a duke 
Duca'pe, s. a rich silk worn by women 
Duc'at, s. a foreign coin, in silver, valued at 

about 4s. gold, gs. 6d. 
Duck, s. a water-fowl, female of the drake ; 

word of fondness ; declination of the head 
Duck, v. to dive, or plunge under water 
Duck'ing, s. the act of putting under water 
Duck'ing-stool, s. a stool to duck persons in 
Duck'legged, a. having legs like a duck 
Duckling, s. a young or small duck 
Duct, s. a passage, or channel ; guidance 
Ductile, a. flexible, pliable, tractable 
Ductility, s. flexibility, compliance 
Dud'geon, s. a small dagger j malice, ill-will 
Due, a. owed ; proper, fit, exact, appropriate 
Due, s. a debt ; right, just title ; tribute 
Du'el, s. a fight between two persons 
Du'ellist, s. one who fights a duel 
Duen'na, s. an old governante 
ftuet', s. a song or air in two parts 

Dug, j. the pap or teat of a beast 
Duke, s. the dignity next below a prince 
Du'kedom, s. the possessions, territories, or 

title of a duke 
Dul'cet, a. sweet, luscious, harmonious 
Dul'cify, Dul'corate, v. a. to sweeten 
Dul'cimer, s. a kind of musical instrument 
Dull, a. stupid, slow, dejected, blunt, vile 
Dull, v. a. to stupify, to blunt ; to sadden 
Dul'ness, t. stupidity, indocility ; dimness 
Duloc'racy, s. a predominance of slaves 
Du'ly, ad. properly, regularly, exactly 
Du'mal, Du'mose, a. full of bushes ; rough 
Dumb, a. mute, silent ; incapable of speech 
Dumb'ness, s. an inability to speak ; silence* 
Dumpling, s. a small boiled pudding 
Dumps, s. melancholy, sullenness 
Dun, a. colour between brown and black 
Dun, s. a clamorous, troublesome creditor 
Dun, v. a. to press, to ask often for a debt 
Dunce, s. a thickscull, a dolt, a dullard 
Dung, s. soil ; the excrement of animals.., 

v. a. to manure, or fatten land with dung 
Dun'geou, s. a dark prison under ground 
Dung'hill, s. a heap of dung •„ a mean person 
Dun'ner, s. one employed to get in debts 
Dun'ningj part, pressing often for a debt 
Duodecimo, a. a book printed in duodecimo 

has twelve leaves to a sheet 
Dupe, v. a. to trick, to cheat, to impose on 
Dupe, s. a credulous, simple man 
Du'ple, a. double ; one repeated 
Du'plicate, s. an exact copy of any thing 
Duplicate, v. a. to double, to fold together 
Duplication, s. the act of doubling ; a fold 
Dupli'city, s. deceit ; doubleness of tongue 
Du'rable, a. hard, strong, firm, lasting 
Durability, s. the power of lasting 
Du'rably, ad. in a firm and lasting manner 
Du'rance, s. imprisonment ; continuance 
Dura'tion, /. continuance, length of time 
Dure, v. n. to last, to continue, to remain 
Du'ring, prep, for the time of continuance 
Durst, pret. of to dare 

Dusk, a. tending to darkness, dark-coloured 
Dusk'ish, Dusk'y, a. inclining to darkness ; 

tending to obscurity ; gloomy 
Dust, s. earth dried to a powder ; the grave 
Dust, v. a. to free or clear from dust ; to 

sprinkle with dust ; to clean furniture 
Dust'y, a. clouded or covered with dust 
Dutch'ess, s. the lady of a duke 
Dutch'y, s. a territory giving title to a duke 
Du'tcous, Du'tiful, a. obedient, submissive, 

reverential, obsequious, respectful 
Du'tifully, ad. obediently, respectfully 
Du'ty, s. whatever we are bound by nature, 

reason, or law, to perform ; a tax ; service 
Dwarf, s. a man below the usual size 
Dwarfish, a. low, small, little 



Dwell, v. n. to inhabit ; to continue long 
Dwelling, s. habitation, place of residence 
Dwin'dle, v. n. to shrink, to grow feeble 
Dying, part, expiring ; giving a colour to 

Dy'nasty, s. government ; sovereignty 
Dys'crasy. s. a distemper in the blood 
Dys'entery, s. a looseness, a flux 
Dys'ury, s. a difficulty in making mine 


EACH, pron. either of two ; every one 
of any number 
Ea'ger, a- ardent, zealous, keen, vehement 
Ea'gerly, ad. ardently, hotly, keenly 
Ea'gerness, s. earnestness, impetuosity 
Ea'gle, s, a bird of prey ; the Roman standard 
Ea'gle-eyed, a. sharp sighted as an eagle 
Ea'gle-speed, .f. swiftness like an eagle 
Eag'let, j. a young eagle 
Ear, s. the whole organ of hearing ; power 

of judging of harmony ; spike of corn 
Earl, s. title of nobility next to a marquis 
Earl'dom, s. the seigniory of an earl 
Ear'less, a. wanting ears 
Ear'liness, s. the state of being very early 
Ear'ly, ad. soon, betimes...«. soon 
Earlmar'shal, s. the officer that has the chief 

care of military solemnities 
Earn, v. a. to gain by labour, to obtain 
Earn'ed, part, gotten by labour, acquired 
Earn'est, a. ardent, zealous, warm, eager 
Earn'est,/. seriousness ; money advanced 
Earn'estly, ad. warmly, zealously, eagerly 
Ear'-ring, i, an ornament for the ear 
Earsh, s. a field that is ploughed 
Ear'shot, /. within hearing ; space heard in 
Earth, s. mould, land ; the terraqueous globe 
Earth'en, a. made of earth or clay 
Earthly, a. not heavenly, vile, corporeal 
Earth'quake, s. a tremor of the earth 
Earth'worm,*. a worm; a mean sordid wretch 
Earth'y, a. consisting of earth ; gross, foul 
Ear'wax, s wax that gathers in the ear 
Ear'wig, s. an insect ; a whisperer - 
Ease, s. quiet, rest after labour ; facility 
Ease, v. n. to free from pain, relieve, slacken 
Ea'sel, s. a painter's frame for canvas 
Ease'ment, s. assistance, ease, refreshment 
Easily, ad. gently, without difficulty 
Easiness, s. readiness ; liberty ; quiet 
East, s. the quarter where the sun rises 
East'er, s. the festival in commemoration of 

the resurrection of our Saviour 
East'erly, a. and ad. towards the east 
Eas'tern, a. belonging to the east ; oriental 
East'ward, ad. towards the east 
Ea'sy, a. not difficult ; quiet *, credulous 
Eat, v. to take food, to swallow, to consume 
EaVable 9 a. that which, may be eaten 
G z- 

"£.?,{.' en, part, devoured, consumed, swallowed 
Eaves, s. the edges of the roof which over- 
hang the house 
Eaves'riropper, s. a listener under windows 
Ebb, v. n. to flow back to the sea ; to decay 
Ebb, s. a flowing back to the sea ; waste 
Eb'on, Eb'ony, s. a hard black valuable wood 
Ebri'ety, s. drunkenness, intoxication 
Ebulli'tion, s. act of boiling or bubbling up 
Eccen'tric, a. deviating from the centre j 

irregular, incoherent, anomalous 
Eccentri'city, s. deviation from the centre 
Ecclesias'tic, s. a clergyman, a priest 
Ecclesiastical, a. relating to the church 
Ech'o, /. the reverberation of a sound 
Eclairciss'ement, s. an explanation't, s. lustre, splendour, show, renown 
Eclec'tic,<z. selecting, choosing at will 
Ecli'pse, s. an obscuration of the sun, moon, 
&c. from the intervention of some other 
boAy...v. a. to cloud ; to disgrace 
Eclip'tic, s. the apparent orbit of the earth, 
so called because eclipses take place there 
Eclogue, s. a pastoral or rural poem ; so 
called because Virgil named his pastorals 
Economical, a. frugal, thrifty, saving 
Econ'omist, s. one that is thrifty or frugal 
Econ'omize, v. a. to retrench, to save 
Econ'omy, s. frugality ; disposition of things 
Ec'stasy,;. excessive joy, rapture, enthusiasm 
Ecstatic, a. enrapturing, transporting 
Eda'city, s. voracity, ravenousness 
Ed'der, ;. wood on the tops of fences 
Ed'dy, j .a turn of the water ; a whirlpool' 
Ed'dy, a. whirling, moving circularly 
Eden'tated, a. deprived of teeth 
Edge, s. the sharp part of a blade ; a brink 
Edging, s. a fringe, an ornamental border 
Edge'less, a. unable to cut, blunt, obtuse 
Edge'tool, s. a tool made sharp to cut 
Edge'wise, ad. in a direction of the edge 
Edible, a. fit to be eaten, eatable. 
E'dict, s. a proclamation, an ordinance 
Edifica'tion, s improvement, instruction 
Ed'ifice, s. a building, a fabric 
Edify, v. a. to instruct, improve, persuade 
E'dile, s. the title of a Roman magistrate 
Edi'tion, j. the impression of a book 

E G R 


E L E 

Ed'itor, s. one who revises or prepares any 

literary work, for publication 
Ed'ucate, v. a. to instruct, to bring up 
Education, s. the instruction of children 
Edu'ce, v. a. to bring out, to extract 
Educ'tion, s. the act of bringing into view 
Edulcora'tion, j. the act of sweetening 
Eel, s. a serpentine, slimy fish 
Ef'fable, a. that may be spoken ; expressive 
EfFa'ce, v. a. to blot out, to destroy 
Effe'ct, s. event produced ; issue ; reality 
Effe'ct, v. a. to bring to pass, to produce 
Effec'tion, s. a deduced construction ; problem 
Effective, a. operative, active, serviceable 
Effectively, ad. powerfully, with effect 
Effectless, a. without effect, useless 
Effe'cts, s. goods, moveables, furniture 
Effectual, a. powerful, efficacious 
Effect'uate, v. a. to bring to pass, to fulfil 
Effem'inacy, ;. unmanly delicacy 
Effem'inate, a .womanish, tender ; voluptuous 
Efferves'cence, s. the act of growing hot ; 

production of heat by intestine motion 
EfHca'cious, a. productive of effects ; power- 
ful to produce the consequences intended 
Efficacy, s. ability or power to effect 
Efn'cience, /. a producing of effects ; agency 
Efficient, a. causing or producing effects 
Effigy, s. representation in painting, &c. 
Efflorescence, s. production of flowers 
Emores'cent, a. shooting out in flowers 
Effluence, s. that which issues or derives it- 
self from some other principle 
Effluent, a. flowing from, issuing out of 
Efflu'via, s. those small particles which are 

continually flying off from all bodies 
Elflu'x, v. n. to flow.../, an effusion 
Effort, s. a struggle, a strong exertion 
Effra'ible, a. dreadful, frightful, terrible 
Effront'ery, s. impudence, boldness 
Efful'gence, s. lustre, brightness, splendour 
Effai'gent, a. shining, bright, luminous 
Effu'se, v. a. to pour out ; to spill ; to shed 
Effu'sion, s. the act cf pouring out ; waste 
Eft, s. a newt ; an evet...«^. quickly, soon 
Egg, s. that which is laid by feathered ani- 
mals and various kinds of insects, &c. 
from which their young are produced 
Egg, v. a. to incite, to instigate, to spur on 
Eglantine, s. a species of rose ; sweetbriar 
E'gotism, ;. frequent self-commendation 
E'gotist, s. one who talks much of himself 
E'gotize, v. n. to talk much of one's self 
Egre'gious, a. remarkable, eminently bad 
Egre'giously, ad. eminently ; shamefully 
E'gress, Egres'sion, s. the act of going out of 

any place ; departure 
E'gret, s. a fowl of the heron kind 
E'grette, s. a flower for a lady's hei.d 
E'griol, j. a species of sour cherry 

Ejac'ulate, v. a. to throw out, to shoot out 
Ejaculation, s. a short fervent prayer 
Ejac'ulatory, a. hasty ; fervent ; darted out 
Eje'ct, v. a. to throw out, expel, cast forth 
! Ejedt'ed. pari, cast or turned out, rejected 
Ejec'tion, s. the act of casting out, expulsion 
Eject'ment, s. a legal writ ; commanding the 
tenant wrongfully holding houses, lands, 
&c. to restore possession to the owner 
Eightee'n, s. ten and eight united 
Eight' fold, a. eight times the number, &c. 
Eignth'ly, ad. in the eighth place 
Eight'score, «. eight times twenty 
Eight'y, a. eight times ten 
Ei'sel, ;. vinegar ; any thing very acid 
Ei'ther, pron. one or the other 
Ejula'tion, s. a lamentation, an outcry 
Eke, or Eek, v. a. to protract ; to supply 
Eke, ad. also, likewise, besides, moreover 
Elaborate, a. finished with great labour and 

exactness ; any thing studied 
Elab'orately,tfd. laboriously, with much study 
Ela'nce, v. n. to throw out, so dart out 
Ela'pse, v. a. to pass away, to glide away 
Elas'tic, a. springing back, recovering 
Elasticity, *. the quality in bodies, by which 
on being bent or compressed, they spring 
back and make efforts to resume their ori- 
ginal form and tension 
Ela'te, a. flushed with success ; haughty 
Ela'te, v. a. to puff up, to exalt, to heighten 
Ela'tion, s. haughtiness, great pride 
El'bow, s. the bending of the arm ; an angle 
El'bow-chair, s. a chair with arms 
Eld, s. old people, old age, old times 
Eld'er, a. exceeding another in years 
EUl'er, s. the name of a well-known tree 
Eld'erly, a. somewhat in years, rather old 
Ekl'ers, s. ancient rulers ; ancestors 
Eld'ership, s. seniority ; primogeniture 
Eld'estj a. the oldest, the first born 
Elecampa'ne, s. the plant starwort 
Ele'ct, v. a. to choose for any office, &c. 

to select as an object of eternal mercy 
Ele'ct, Elect'ed, part . a. chosen, preferred 
Elec'tion, s. the act or power of choosing 
Elective, a. exerting the power of choice 
Elect'or, s< he that has a vote in the election 
of any officer ; a prince who has a voice 
in the choice of the German emperor 
Elect'oral, a. of, or belonging to an elector 
Electorate, s. the territory, &c of an elector 
Elec'tre, s. amber ; a mixed metal 
Elec'trical, a. power of producing electricity 
Electri'city, j.that property in bodies where- 
by, when rubbed, they attract or repel 
light bodies, emit flame, and produce sin- 
gular and extraordinary phenomena 
Elec'tuary, s. a soft compound medicine 
Eieemos'ynary, a. living on charity 

E M B 

El'egance, s. beauty without grandeur 
El'egant, a. beautiful, pleasing, neat 
El'egantty, ad. in a pleasing manner ; neatly 
Elegi'ac, a. used in elegies; sorrowful 
El'egy, I. a mournful, pathetic poem; a dirge 
El'ement, s. constituent principle of any- 
thing; the four elements, according to the 
Aristotelian philosophy, are earth, fire, 
air, water ; proper habitation, &c. of any 
thing ; rudiments of literature or science 
Elemental, a. produced by elements 
Element'ary, a. not compounded, simple 
El'ephant, s. the largest of quadrupeds ; ivory 
ELephant'ine, a. pertaining to the elephant 
El'evate, v. a. to exalt, dignify ; make glad 
El'evate, El'evated, part. a. exalted, elated 
Eleva'tion, s. a raising up, exaltation, height 
Elev'en, a. ten and one 
Elf, 5. a fairy, a wandering spirit, a demon 
Elf lock, s. knots of hair twisted by elves 
Eli'cite, v. a. to strike out, to fetch out 
Eli'cit, a. brought into aft, drawn out 
Elicita'tion, s. the will excited to action 
Eli'de, v. a. to destroy or dash in pieces 
El'igible, a. fit to be chosen ; preferable 
Eliminate, v. n. to turn out of doors ; reject 
EHmina'tion, s. act of banishing ; rejection 
Elin'guid, a. tonguetied ; speechless, dumb 
Eliqua'tion, s. separation by fusion 
Eli'sion, s. act of cutting off; separation 
Elixa'tion, s. the act of boiling out 
Elix'ir, s. the liquid extract or quintessence 

of any thing; a medicine, a cordial 
Elk, s. a large wild animal of the stag kind 
Ell, s. a measure of one yard and a quarter 
Ellipsis, /. an oval figure; a defect, a chasm 
Elliptical, a. formed like an ellipsis 
Elm, s. the name of a tall timber tree 
Elocution, s. eloquence, fluency of speech 
E'loge, El'ogy, Eu'logy, /. praise, panegyric 
Ei'oigne,-!;. a. to put at a distance, to remove 
Elon'gate, v. to lengthen, draw out ; go off 
Elonga'tion, ;. the act of lengthening 
Elo'pe, v. a. to run away ; to get loose from 

confinement ; to go off clandestinely 
Elo'pement, s. a departure from friends and 

family without their consent 
E lops, s. a fish ; a kind of serpent 
El'oquence, s. speaking with fluency, &c 
El'oquent, a. having the power of oratory 
Else, pron. other; onebesides...«rt\ otherwise 
Elsewhe're, ad. in another place 
Elv'ish, a. relating to elves or fairies 
Elu'cidate, v. a. to explain, to clear up 
Elucidation, s. an explanation, exposition 
Eiucida'tor, /. an explainer, a commentator 
Elu'de, v. a. to escape by stratagem ; to shun 
Elu'dible, a. that which may or can be eluded 
Elum'bated, a. weakened in the loins 
Elu'sion,j. artifice, escape from examination 

Elu'sive, Elu'sory, a. tending to elude 
Elu'te, v. a. to wash off, to cleanse 
Elu'triate, v. a. to decant, or strain out 
Elux'ate, v. a. to strain or put out of joint 
Elys'ian, a. pleasant, exceedingly delightful 
Elys'ium, s. in the heathen mythology, the 
place appointed for the souls of the virtu- 
ous after death ; any pleasant place 
Ema'ciate, v. to lose flesh ; to pine, to waste 
Emacula'tion, s. the act of clearing any thing 

from spots or foulness 
Em'anant, a. flowing from, issuing out of 
Emana'tion, s. the act of issuing or flowing 
from any other substance ; that which flows 
Eman'ative, a. issuing from another 
Emancipate, v. a. to free from slavery 
Emancipation, s. a deliverance from slavery 

or servitude ; restoration to liberty 
Emas'culate, v. a. to deprive of virility 
Emba'Le,T>. a. to bind or pack up ; to enclose 
Emba'lrrr, v. a. to impregnate a body with 

aromalics, that it may resist putrefaction 
Emba'r, v. a. to shut in, to hinder, to stop 
Embar'go, s. a prohibition to sail 
Emba'rk, v. to go- on ship board ; to engage 
Embarkation, s. a putting or going on ship- 
board ; engaging in any affair 
Embar'rass, v. a. to perplex, to distress 
Embar'rassment, ;. perplexity, trouble 
Emba'se, v. a. to vitiate, degrade ; impair 
Embassage, Em'bassy, s. a public message 
Embattle, v. a. to range in order of battle 
Emba'y, v. a. to enclose in a bay ; to bathe 
Embel'lish, v. a. to adorn, to beautify 
Embel'lishment, s. ornament, decoration 
Em'bers, s. hot cinders or ashes 
Em'ber-week, s. one of the four seasons of 
the year appropriated by the church to 
implore divine favour on the ordination 
of ministers, performed at these seasons 
Embez'zle, v. a. to steal privately; to waste 
Embez'zleraent, s. a misapplying of a trust 
Embla'ze, v. a. to blazon, to adorn, to paint 
Embla'zon, v. a. to adorn with ensigns armo- 
rial ; to set off pompously ; to deck 
Em'blem, s. a moral device ; a representat- 
ion; an allusive picture; enamel 
Emblemat'ical, a. allusive, using emblems 
Emblematically, ad. allusively 
Embo'ss, v. a. to engrave, with relief or ris- 
ing work ; to enclose, to hunt hard 
Emboss'ing, s. the art of making figures in 

relievo, embroidery, &c. 
Emboss'ment, s. relief, rising work 
Embow'el, v. a. to take out the entrails 
Embra'ce, v. a. to bold fondly in the arms ; 

to comprise, to contain, to include 
Embra'ce, s.a clasp ; fond pressure 
Embrasu're, s. a battlement ; an aperture in 
fortifications far cannon 

E M P 


E N C 

Embrocate, v. a. to foment a part diseased 
Embroca'tion, s. a fomentation, a lotion 
Embroid'er, v. a. to adorn with figure-work 
Embroid'erer, /. one who embroiders 
Embroid'ery, s. variegated needle-work 
Embro'il, v. a. to disturb., confuse, distract 
Embru'ted, a. reduced to brutality 
Em'bryo, s. the child in the womb before it 

has perfect shape ; any thing unfinished 
Embu'rse, v. a. to restore money owing 
Emenda'tion, s. a correction, an alteration 
Em'erald, s. a green precious stone 
Eme'rge, v. n. to rise out of ; to issue from 
Emergency, s. a rising out of ; any sudden 

occasion, or unexpected casualty 
Emer'gent, a. rising into view ; sudden 
Em'erods, s. painful swellings of the he- 
morrhoidal veins ; piles 
Emer'sion, s. act of rising into view again 
Em'ery, s. an iron ore ; a glazier's diamond 
Emet'ic, a. provoking vomits. ..y. a vomit 
Emica'tion, s. a sparkling or glittering 
Em'igrant, a. going from place to place... 

s. a Frenchman banished from his country 

for refusing to acknowledge the authority 

of the National Convention 
Em'igrate, v. n. to move from place to place 
Emigration, s. a change of habitation 
Em'inence, s. loftiness ; summit ; a part rising 

above the rest ; a conspicuous situation ; 

distinction ; a title given to cardinals 
Em'inent, a, high, dignified, conspicuous 
Eminently, ad. conspicuously, highly 
Em'issary, s. a spy, a secret agent 
Emis'sion, s. act of throwing or shooting out 
Emi't, v. a. to send forth, to discharge 
Em'met, /. an ant, a pismire 
Emme'w, v. a. to coop up, to confine 
Emol'lient, a, softening, suppling 
Emoli'tion, s. the act of softening 
Emolument, s. profit, advantage, gain 
Emo'tion,r. disturbance of mind; vehemence 

of passion ; a sudden motion 
Empa'le, v.n. to enclose, to fence with pales ; 

to put to death by fixing on a stake 
Empan'nelj-y. a. to swear, &c. a jury 
Emparlance, s. a petition, a conference 
Empas'sion, v. a. to move with passion 
Em'peror, s . a monarch superior to a king 
Em'phasis, s. a remarkable stress laid oa a 

word or sentence 
Emphat'ic, Emphat'ical, a, forcible 
Emphatically, «<i. strongly, forcibly 
Em pire, s. imperial power ; command 
Empir'ic, s. a pretended physician ; a quack 
Empiricism, s. dependance on experience, 

without the rules of art ; quackery 
Emplas'tic, a. viscous, glutinous 
Emplea'd, v. a. to indict, to prefer a charge 
Em'plo'y, v. a., to keep at work ; to use 

Emplo'y, Employment, s. business, office, 

or post of business ; business intrusted 
Employ'er, s. one who sets others to work 
Empo'rium, s. a place of merchandize, a 

mart ; a commercial city 
Empov'erish, v. a. to make poor, to exhaust 
Empow'er, v. a. to authorize, to enable 
Em'press, s. the wife of an emperor ; the fe- 
male sovereign of an empire 
Empri'se, s. an attempt of danger 
Emp'tiness, s. a void space, vacuity; want of 

substance, want of knowledge 
Emp'ty, a. not full; unfurnished; ignorant 
Empur'ple, v. a. to make of a purple colour 
Empu'sa, s. a hobgoblin, a ghost, a sprite 
Empuz'zle, v. a. to perplex, to puzzle 
Empyr'eal, a. refined, aerial, heavenly 
Empyre'an, s. the highest heaven, where the 

pure elemental fire is supposed to subsist 
Empy'reum, Empyreu'ma, s. the burning of 

any matter in boiling or distillation 
Empyro'sis,i. a conflagration, or general fire 
Em'ulate, v. a. to rival ; to imitate 
Emulation, ;. rivalry; envy; contention 
Em'ulative, a. inclined to emulation 
Emula'tor, s. a rival, a competitor 
Emu'lge, i). a. to milk out ; drain, empty 
Emul'gent, «. milking or draining out 
Em'ulcus, a. rivalling, desirous to excel 
Emul'sion, .'. an oily, lubricating medicine 
Ena'ble, v. «.. to make able, to empower 
Ena'ct, v. a. to decree, establish, represent 
Enact'ed, part, decreed, established 
Enam'el, v. a. to inlay, variegate with colours 
Enam'el, s. substance used in enamelling 
Enam'eller, s. one who enamels or inlays 
Enam'our, v. a. to inspire with love 
Enca'ge, v. a. to coop up, to confine in a cage 
Enca'mp, v. to pitch tents, to form a camp 
Encamp'ment, s. tents pitched in order 
Encha'fe, v. a. to enrage, irritate, provoke 
Encha'in, v. a. to fasten with a chain 
Encha'nt, v. a. to bewitch, to delight highly 
Enchant'er, ;. a magician, a sorcerer 
Enchantment, t. magical charms ; spells.; 

irresistible influence; high delight 
Enchant'ress, s. a sorceress ; a woman of 

extreme beauty or excellence 
Encha'se, v. a. to infix ; set in gold ; to adorn 
Enchirid'ion, s. a small pocket volume 
Encir'cle, v. a. to surround, to environ ; to 

enclose in a ring or circle 
Enclit'ics, s. particles which throw back the 

accent upon the preceding syllable 
Enclo'se, v. a. to surround ; to fence in 
Enclo'sure, s. ground enclosed or fenced in 
Enco'mium, s. a panegyric, praise, elogy 
Encom'pass, v. a. to encircle, to shut in, te 

surround ; to contain, to include, to envirqn 
Enco're, ad. again, once moie ; yet 

E N G 



Encoua'ter, s. a duel, a battle ; sudden meet- 
ing; engagement; casual incident 
Encoun'ter, v. to fight, to attack ; to meet 
Encour'age, v. a. to animate, to embolden 
Encour'agement, s. incitement, support 
Encro'ach, v.n. to invade ; advance by stealth 
Encroach'ment, s. an unlawful intrusion 
Encum'ber, v. a. to clog, to embarrass 
Encum'brance, t. an impediment, a clog 
Encyclopedia, /. complete circle of sciences 
End, s. a design, point, conclusion ; death 
Endam'age, v. a. to hurt, to prejudice 
Endan'ger, v. a. to bring into peril, hazard 
Ende'ar, v. a. to render dear or beloved 
Endear'ment, s. the cause and state of love 
Endeav'our, /. a labour for some end 
Endeav'our, v. to strive, attempt, labour 
Endc'mial, Endem'ic , a. peculiar to a coun- 
try or place, as applied to general diseases 
Ende'w, v. n. to disgovge; to cleanse 
Endi'ft, Endi'te, v. a. to charge with some 
crime ; to compose ; to write, to draw up 
Endi'ftment, s. a legal accusative declaration 
End'ing, part, finishing...*, the end 
End'ive, s. a common salad herb ; succory 
Ead'less, a. without end, infinite, incessant 
Endo'rse,i>.a. to superscribe ; to accept a bill 
Endorsed, part, signed upon the back 
Endorsement, j. superscription; acceptance 
Endo'w, v. a. to give a portion ; to endue 
Endow'ment, s. wealth given ; a natural or 

acquired accomplishment 
Endu'e, v. a. to supply with grace ; to invest 
Endu'rance, s. continuance, sufferance 
Eudu're, v. to bear, sustain ; brook ; last 
En'emy, s. a foe, an adversary, an opponent 
Energet'ic, a. forcible, strong, active 
En'ergy, s. power, force, efficacy 
Ener'vate, Ene'rve, v. a. to weaken ; to crush 
Enfe'eble, v. a. to weaken, to render feeble 
Enfe'off, v. a. to invest with possessions 
Enfet'ter, v. a. to put in chains, to confine 
Enfila'de, s. a straight passage. ..v. a. to pierce 

in a straight line 
Enfo'rce, v. to force, to strengthen ; to urge 
Enforcement, s. compulsion, exigence 
Enfranchise, v. a. to make free, to liberate 
Enfranchisement, s. the aft of making free ; 

release from slavery or prison 
Enga'ge, v. to embark in an affair; to in- 
duce ; to win by pleasing means ; to bind ; 
to employ ; to fight, to encounter 
Engagement, s. an obligation, a bond; em- 
ployment of the attention ; a battle 
Engar'rison, v. a to defend by a garrison 
Engen'der, v. a. to beget ; produce ; excite 
En'gine,x. any machine ; an agent 
Engine'er, s. one who manages engines, or 

direfts the artillery of an army 
Engi'rd, v. a. to encircle} to surround 

En'glish, a. any thing belonging to England 
Englu't, v. a. to swallow up ; to pamper 
Engo'rge, v. to swallow, to gorge 
Engra'il, v. a. to indent in curve lines 
Engra'in,?;. a. to die deep, to die in grain 
Engrap'ple, v. n. to close with; to contend 
Engra've, v. a. to cut characters on copper,&'c. 
Engra'ver, s. one who engraves metals, &c. 
Engra'ving, ;. a picture engraved 
Engro'ss, v. a. to purchase or monopolize the 
whole of any commodity, to sell it at an 
advanced price ; to copy in a large hand 
Enha'nce, v. a. to raise the price ; to raise in 

esteem ; to lift up ; to aggravate 
Enig'ma, s. a riddle, an obscure question 
Enigmat'ieal, a. obscure, doubtful 
Enjo'in, v. a. to direct, to order, to prescribe 
Enjoin'ment, s. a direction, a command 
Enjo'y, v.a. to obtain possession of ; to please, 

to exhilarate ; to delight in 
Enjoy'ment, s. happiness, fruition, pleasure 
Enkin'dle, v. a. to set on frre, to inflame 
Enia'rge, v. to increase ; to expatiate 
Enlarge'ment, s. an increase ; a release 
Enli'ghten, v. a. to illuminate; to instruct 
Enli-nk, v. a. to chain to, to bind together 
Enli'ven, v. a. to make lively, to animate 
Enme'sh, v. a. to net, to entangle 
En'mity, s. malevolence, malice, ill will 
Enno'ble, v. a. to dignify, to elevate 
Enoda'tion, s. the act of untying a knot 
Enor'mity, s. great wickedness, villany 
Enor'mous, a. irregular, disordered ; wicked 
in a high degree; very large, out of rule 
Enor'mously, ad. beyond measure 
Eno'ugh, a. sufficient....?, a sufficiency 
Enra'ge, v. a. to irritate, to provoke 
Enra'nge, v. a. to place regularly, to range 
Enrapt'ure, v. a. to transport with pleasure 
Enri'ch, v. a. to make rich ; to fertilize 
Enri'dge, v. a. to form with ridges 
Enri'pen, -u. a. to ripen, to mature 
Enro'be, v. a. to dress, to clothe, to adorn 
Enro'l, v. a. to register, to record, to enwrap 
Enrol'ment, s. a register, a record 
Ens, s. any being, or existence 
Ensam'ple, s. an example, a pattern 
Ensched'ule, v. a. to insert in a schedule 
Ense'am, v. a. to sew up, to close up 
Ense'ar, v. a. to stop with fire; to cauterise 
Enshie'ld, v. a. to cover, to defend, to protect 
Enshri'he, v. a. to preserve as a holy relic 
En'sign, s. a flag, or standard of a regiment; 

the officer who carries it ; a signal 
Ensla've, v. a. to deprive of liberty 
Ensla'vement, s. state of slavery, bondage 
Enstee'p, v. to put under water, to soak 
Ensu'e, v. to follow, to pursue, to succeed 
Ensu'rance, s. exemption from hazard 
Ensu're, v. a. to ascertain ; to indemnify 

E N U 


E P U 

Entab'lature, Entab'lement,*.the architrave, 

frieze, and cornice of a pillar 
Enta'il, s. an estate settled with regard to 

its descent ; engraver's work 
Enta'il, v. a. to settle an estate so that it 
cannot be bequeathed at pleasure by any 
subsequent possessor 
Enta'rne, v. a. to tame, to subjugate 
Entan 'gle, v. a. to twist, to puzzle, to ensnare 
En'ter, v. to go or come into ; to set down in 
writing ; to be engaged in ; to be initiated in 
En'tering, s. a passage into a place, entrance 
Enterla'ce, v. a. to intermix, to interweave 
Enterpar'lance, s. mutual talk ; a treaty 
Enterple'ad, v. n- to discuss an incidental 
point arising in dispute, before the princi- 
pal cause can be decided 
Enterprise, s. a hazardous undertaking 
Enterta'in, v. a. to talk with ; to treat at ta- 
ble ; to amuse ; to foster in the mind 
Enterta'imng,£«;-f. a. treating, pleasing 
Entertainment, s. treatment at the table ; 
hospitable reception.; amusement; dra- 
matic performance ; conversation 
Enthro'ne, v. a. to set on a throne, to exalt 
Enthu'siasm, s. heat of imagination 
fc.itiiuj.irts?, t. one of a hot, credulous imagin- 
ation ; one who thinks himself inspired ; 
one greatly fond of any thing 
Enthusiastic, a. over zealous in any thing 
En/thymerne, s. an imperfect syllogism, 

wanting the major or minor proposition 
Enti'ce, v. a. to allure, to attract, to invite 
Enti'cement, s. an allurement, a bait 
Enti're, a. whole, undivided, unmingled 
Enti'rely, ad. completely, fully, wholly 
Enti'tle, v. a. to give a title or right to 
Enti'tled, part, having a right to ; named 
En'tity, s. a real being, real existence 
Ento'il, v. a. to ensnare, to perplex, to take 
Ento'mb, v. a. to put in a tomb, to bury 
En'trails, s. the intestines, the bowels 
En'trance, s. a passage ; the act of entering 
Entra'nce, v. a. to put into a trance 
Entra'p, v. a. to ensnare, to take advantage of 
Entre'at, v- to beg earnestly, to importune 
Entreat'y, s. a petition, solicitation 
En'try, s. the act of entrance ; a passage 
Enu'bilous, a. free from clouds, fair 
Enu'cleate, v. a. to solve, clear, disentangle 
Envel'op, v. a. to cover, to surround, to hide 
Enven'om, v. a. to poison ; to enrage 
En'viable, a. exciting envy ; excellent 
En'vious, a. full of envy, malicious 
En'viously, ad. with envy, with malignity 
Envi'ron, v.«. to surround, encompass, invest 
Envi'rons, s. places adjacent, neighbourhood 
Enu'merate, v. a. to reckon up singly 
Enumeration j s. the act of counting over 
Enan'ciate, v. a. to declare,' to proclaim 

Enunciation, s. declaration, information 
Enun'ciative, a. declarative, expressive 
En'voy, s. a public minister sent from one 
power to another, in dignity below an 
ambassador ; a public messenger 
En'vy, v. a. to repine at the happiness of 
others ; to hate another for any excel- 
lence ; to impart unwillingly 
En'vy, s. vexation at another's good 
E'pact, s. eleven days of the solar above the 

lunar year ; a Hebrew measure 
Epainet'ic,^. praising, extolling, applauding 
Epaulett'e, s. a shoulder knot of lace, &c. 
Epaul'ment, s. in fortification, a side work 
of earth thrown up, or bags of earth, ga- 
bions, fascines, &c. 
Ephem'era, s. a fever that terminates in One 

day ; an insect that lives but a day 
Ephem'eral, a. diurnal, done in a day 
Ephem'eris, s. an account of the daily mo- 
tions and situations of the planets 
Ephem'erist, s. one who studies astrology 
E'phod,*.an ornament worn by Jewish priests 
Ep'ic, a. containing narrative ; heroic 
Epice'dium, s. an elegy, a funeral poem 
Ep'icene, a. common to both sexes 
Ep'icure, /. one wholly given to luxury 
Epicure'an, a. luxurious, contributing to lux- 
ury...;, a follower of Epicurus 
Epidem'ic, Epidem'ical, a. general, universal 
Epider'mis, s. the outer skin of the body 
Ep'igram, s. a short pointed poem 
Epigrammat'ic, a. dealing in epigrams 
Epigram'matist, s. a writer of epigrams 
Ep'ilepsy, s. a convulsion of the whole Or 

part of the body, with loss of sense 
Epilep'tic, a. affected with epilepsy 
Ep'iiogue, s. a speech at the end of a play 
Epiph'any,;. a festival in commemoration o£ 
our Saviour's being manifested to the world 
by a star, the twelfth day after Christmas 
Epis'copacy, /. a government by bishops 
Epis'copal, a. relating to a bishop 
Ep'isode, s. a narrative, or digression in a 

poem, separable from the main plot 
Episod'ical, a. contained in an episode 
Epis'tle, j. a letter ; a message under cover 
Epis'tolary, a. relating to letters, transacted 

by letters ; suitable to letters 
Ep'itaph, s. a monumental inscription 
Epithala'mium, s. z nuptial song 
Ep'ithet, s. an adjective denoting a quality 
Epit'ome, s. an abridgment, an abstract 
Epit'omise, v. a. to abstract, abridge, reduce 
E'poch, Epo'cha, s. the time from which 
dates are numbered, or computation began 
Ep'ode, j. the stanza following the strophe 

and antistrophe in an ode 
Epope'e, j. an epic or heroic poem 
Ep'ulary, a. belonging to a banquet, jolly 


8 3 


Epula'tion, s. a feast, a banquet, jollity 
Epulot'ic, s. a healing medicament 
Equability, /. evenness, uniformity 
E'quable, a. equal to itself, even, uniform 
E'qual, s. one of the same rank and age 
E'qual, a. like another; even, uniform, just 
E'qual, E'qualize, v. a. to make one person 

equal to another, to make even 
Equal'ity, s. likeness, uniformity 
E'qually, ad. in the same degree, impartially 
Equanimity, j. evenness of mind, composure 
Equa'tion, s. bringing things to an equality 
Equator, s. a great circle, equally distant 
from the poles of the world, dividing the 
globe into equal parts, north and south 
Equato'rial, a. pertaining to the equator 
E'querry, /. one who has the care of the 

horses belonging to a king or prince 
Eques'trian, a. pertaining to a horseman or 
knight ; belonging to the 2d rank in Rome 
Equidis'tant, a. being at the same distance 
Equifor'mity, s. uniform equality 
Equilat'eral, a. having all sides equal 
Equili'brate, v. a. to balance equally 
Equilibrium, s. equality of weight, equipoise 
Equinoctial, a. pertaining to the equinox 
Equinoc'tial, s. an imaginary circle in the 
heavens, under which the equator moves 
in its diurnal motion ; when the sun 
cresses this line, it makes equal days and 
nights all over the world 
E'quinoxes, s. the precise times when the 
sun enters the equinoctial, making equal 
day and night ; equality ; even measure 
Equinu'merant, a. having the same number 
Equi'p, v. a. to dress or fit out, to furnish 
E'quipage, s. attendance ; horses and car- 
riages ; a woman's watch and trinkets 
Equip'ment, s. the thing equipped or fitted out 
E'quipoise, s. an equality of weight 
Equipol'lent, a. of equal force or power 
Equipon'derant, a. of equal weight 
Equipon'derate, v. n. to weigh equally 
E'quitable, a. just, impartial, candid, fair 
E'quitably, ad. impartially, justly 
E'quity, j.J ust i ce J r 'g nt >h l0nest y>i rn P ar tiality 
Equivalence, s. equality of worth or power 
Equivalent, s. a thing of the same value 
Equivalent, a. equal in value or force - 
Equiv'ocal, a. uncertain, doubtful, ambiguous 
Equiv'ocally, ad. uncertainly, doubtfully 
Equiv'ocate, v. n. to use doubtful expressions 
Equivocation, s. ambiguity of speech ; delu- 
sive words, double or doubtful meaning 
Fquiv'ocator, s. one who equivocates 
E'ra, s. an epoch ; a point of time 
Eradia'tion, s. a sending forth brightness 
Eradicate, v. a. to pull up by the roots 
Eradication, s. the act of rooting up 
Era'se, v. a. to destroy, to root up, to rub out 

Era'sed,p«r,?. expunged, scratched out 
Ere, ad. before, sooner than 
Ere'ct, v. a. to build or set up ; to exalt 
Ere'ct, a. upright ; bold, confident 
Erec'tion, s. a building or raising up 
Erect'ness, s. an upright posture 
Erelo'ng, ad. before a long time passes 
E'remite, s. an hermit; a retired person 
Eremit'ical, a. religious, solitary, retired 
Ereno'w, ad. before this time 
Erewhi'le, ad. some time ago, heretofore 
Erin'go, s. the plant called sea-holly 
Eris'tical, a; controversial ; relating to dispute 
Er'meline, Er'mine, /. a beast, or its skin. 
Er'mined, a. clothed with ermine 
Ero'de, v. a. to canker, to eat away 
Eroga'tion, s. a giving or bestowing 
Ero'sion, s . the act of eating away 
Err, v. n. to go out of the way ; to mistake 
Er'rand, s. a message 
Er'rant, a. wandering; vile, very bad 
Er'rantness, Er'rantry, s. an errant state 
Erra'ta, s. pi. faults made in printing, &c. 
Errat'ic, a, wandering, irregular 
Er'rhine, a. occasioning sneezing 
Erro'neous, a. subject to, or full of errors 
Erro'neously, ad. by mistake ; falsely 
Er'ror, s. a mistake, blunder ; sin,ofFence 
Erst, ad. when time was ; first, formerly 
Erubes'cence, s. redness ; a blush 
Eructation, s. a belch, asudden burst of wind 
Erudition, s. learning, knowledge 
Eru'ginous, a. copperish, rusty, brassy 
Eruption, s. an issuing or breaking forth 

with violence ; a pustule ; a humour 
Eruptive, a. bursting, or tending to burst 
Escala'de, s. the scaling of walls 
Escal'op, s. a shell fish ; oysters broiled 
Esca'pe, v. to get out of danger, to avoid 
Esca'pe, s. a getting clear from pursuit 6> 

danger ; precipitate flight ; oversight 
Esca'ped, part, got out of danger, &c. 
Escar'gatoire, s. a nursery of snails 
Eschalot, s. a kind of small onion 
Es'char, s. a mark upon a wound healed 
Escharot'ic, a. burning, searing ; caustic 
Esche'at, s. any thing that falls to the lord of 

the manor as a forfeit, or on the death Q$ 

a tenant leaving no heir 
Esche'w, v. a. to fly, to avoid, to shun 
Esco'rt, s . a convoy ; a guard to a place 
Esco'rt, v. a. to convoy ; to guard to a place 
Esco't, v. a. to pay a reckoning ; to support 
Escout, s. a listener ; a spy ; a scout 
Escrito'ir, s. a kind of desk upon drawers 
Es'culent, a. eatable ; good for food 
Escut'cheon, /. a shield with arms 
Espal'ier, s. a dwarf tree planted in rails 
Espe'cial, a. principal, chief, leading 
Espi'al, ;. one seat out to espy % a scetit 


8 + 

E V O 

Espous'al, a. relating to espousals 
Espous'als, s. pi. the aft of contracting or af- 
fiancing a man and woman to each other 
Espou'se, v. a. to engage for marriage, to 

marry ; to take upon ; to defend 
Espy', v. to see at a distance ; to watch 
Esqui're, s. a title next below a knight 
Essa'y, v. a. to try, to attempt, to endeavour 
Es'say, s. a trial, endeavour, experiment 
Es'sence,*. the nature, substance, or being of 
any thing; existence ; a perfume ; a smell 
Es'sence, v. a. to perfume, to scent 
Essen'tial, a. necessary, very important 
Essen'tial, s. existence ; a chief point 
Essentially, ad. constitutionally, necessari- 
ly ; by the constitution of nature 
Esso'ine, s. an excuse for non appearance 
Establish, v. a. to settle ; to make firm 
Established, part, settled, firmly fixed 
Establishment, s. a settlement, a salary 
Esta'te, s. a fortune; rank, condition of life 
Este'em, v. a. to value ; to think well of 
Esteem, s. high value in opinion ; regard 
Es'timable, a. worthy of esteem 
Es'timate, v. a. to rate, to set a value on 
Es'timate, s. a calculation; a set price or va- 
lue ; computation ; assignment of value 
Estima'tion, s. esteem, opinion ; a valuing 
Es'tival, a. relating to the summer 
Estra'de, s. a level place ; a public road 
Estra'nge, v. to alienate ; to become strange 
Estra'ngement, s. distance ; a removal 
Estre'at, s. a true copy of an original writing 
Es'tuary, s. an arm of the sea ; a frith 
Es'ture, s. violence, commotion 
Es'urine, a. corroding, eating, consuming 
Et'ching, s. a way of making or preparing 
copperplates, for printing, by eating in the 
figures with prepared aqua-fortis 
Eter'nal, a. perpetual, endless, everlasting 
Eter'nalize, Eter'nize, v. a. to immortalize, 

to make eternal ; to beatify 
Eter'nity, s. duration without end 
E'ther, s. pure air, a pure element 
Ethe'real, a. heavenly, refined, pure 
Eth'ic, Eth'ical, a. moral, relating to morals 
Eth'ics, s. pl. the doctrine of morality 
Eth'nic, a. heathenish... s. a heathen, a pagan 
Etiol'ogy, s . account of the causes of any thing 
Et'wee-case, s. a case for pocket instruments, 

as knife, scissars, &c. 
Etymolo'gical, a. relating to etymology 
Etymol'ogy, s. the derivation of words 
Et'ymon, /. an origin ; a primitive word 
Evac'uate, v. a. to make void ; empty ; quit 
Evacua'tion, /• a discharge, an abolition, an 

emptying ; an ejectment, &c 
Eva'de, v. to avoid, to equivocate, to shift off 
Evanes'cent, a. imperceptible, vanishing 
Evangel'ical, a. agreeable to the gospel 

Evan'gelist, s. a writer or preacher of the 

gospel ; a bringer of good tidings 
Evan'gelize, v. n. to preach the gospel 
Evan'id, a. faint, weak, vanishing 
Evap'orate, -v. to resolve into vapours, to 

breathe or steam out ; to fume away 
Evapora'tion, s. a flying away in fumes 
Eva'sion, s. an excuse, equivocation, artifice 
Eva'sive, a. equivocating, shuffling, elusive 
Euch'arist, s. the act of thanksgiving; the 

sacrament of the Lord's Supper 
Eucharist'ical, a. of or belonging to the 

Lord's Supper ; relating to the Eucharist 
Eu'crasy, s. a good habit of body 
Eve, /. the contraction of evening ; close of 

the day ; the day before a festival 
E'ven, a. level, parallel; calm, uniform 
Evenhand'ed, a. impartial, just, equitable 
E'vening, E'ven, s. the close of the day 
E'venly, ad. impartially, uniformly ; levelly 
E'venness, s. regularity,talmness, uniformity 
E'ven-song, s. the evening worship 
Eve'nt,f. an end, issue, consequence, incident 
Event'ful, a. full of incidents or changes 
E'ven-tide, s. the time of the evening 
Even'tilate,-y. a. to winnow ; to sift out ; to 

examine ; to discuss ; to investigate 
Event'ual, a. consequential ; accidental 
Ev'er, ad. at any time ; eternally, always 
Everbub'bling, part, always boiling up 
Everburn'ing, part, unextinguished 
Ev'ergreen, s. a plant all the year green 
Everlast'ing, a. perpetual, without end 
Everlast'ing, Everlast'ingness, s. eternity 
Everliv'ing, a. living always, immortal 
Evermo're, ad. eternally, without end 
Ever'sion, s. the act of overthrowing 
Eve'rt, v. a. to overthrow, to destroy 
Ev'ery, a. each one of all, belonging to all 
Everywhere, ad. in every place 
Evi'ct, v. a. to dispossess, to take away 
Evict'ed, part, taken away, proved 
Evic'tion, s. a proof, evidence, conviction 
Ev'idence, s. a testimony ; a witness 
Ev'ident, a. plain, apparent ; notorious 
Evidently, ad. apparently, plainly, certainly 
E'vil, a. wicked, mischievous, bad, corrupt 
E'vil, E'vilness, s. wickedness; calamity 
Evilmind'ed, a. malicious, wicked 
Evilspeak'ing, s. defamation, slander 
Evi'nce, v. a. to prove, to make plain 
Evis'cerate, v. a. to embowel ; to search 
Ev'itable, a. that may be avoided 
Ev itate, v. a. to avoid ; to shun ; to escape 
Eul'ogy, see El'ogy 
Eun'uch, s. one who is emasculated 
Evoca'tion, s. a calling out or from 
Evo'ke, v. a. to call out, summon, invoke 
Evola'tion, s. the act of flying away 
Evo'lve,-y. a. to unfold^ to disentangle 

E X C 

6 5 


Evolu'tion, s. an unfolding ; a displaying ; 

extracting ; doubling ; wheeling, 6tc 
Euph'rasy, s. the herb eyebright 
Euroc'lydon, s. a tempestuous N. E. wind 
Europe'an, a. belonging to Europe 
Evul'sion, s. a plucking out or away 
Ewe, s. a female sheep 
Ew'er, s. a vessel in which water is brought 

for washing the hands 
Exacerbation, s. the height of a disease 
Exa'ct, a. nice, accurate, methodical 
Exa'ct, v. a. to force ; to extort ; to enjoin 
Exact'ed, part, demanded, imposed 
Exac'tion, s. extortion, a severe tribute 
Exacl'ly, ad. accurately, nicely, fitly 
Exactness, s. accurateness, regularity 
Exaggerate, v. a. to heighten, to aggravate, 

to enlarge or amplify ; to heap up 
Exaggeration, s. the act of heaping up ; ag- 
gravation ; an enlarging, amplification 
Exa'gitate, v. a. to stir up, to disquiet 
Exa'lt, v. a. to lift up, to extol, to magnify 
Exalta'tion, s. the act of raising up 
Examination, Exa'men, s. critical disquisi- 
tion ; a questioning ; a trial or proof 
Exam'ine, v. a. to ask questions ; to consider 
Exam'iner, s. one who examines 
Exam'plary, a. serving for example 
Exam'ple, s. a pattern, or model, precedent 
Exan'imate, a. lifeless, spiritless, dead 
Exant'late, v. a. to draw out ; to exhaust 
Exas'perate,i>. a. to vex, provoke, enrage 
Exaspera'tion, s. a strong provocation 
Exauc'torate, v. a. to deprive of a benefice 
Excar'nate, v. a. to clear from flesh 
Ex'cavate, v. a. to cut into, or make hollow 
Exce'ed, v. to surpass, to excel, to go too far 
Exceeding, part. a. great in quantity, &c 
Exceedingly, c.rf. to a great degree 
Exce'l, v. to surpass, outdo ; to be eminent 
Excellence, :. eminency, dignity j purity, 

goodness ; a title of honour 
Ex'cellent, a. being of great virtue ; notable 
Extellently, ad. well ; to an eminent degree 
Exce'pt, v. to leave out,to exempt,to object to 
Exce'pt, Excepting, />?-£/> . unless ; with ex- 
ception of ; without inclusion of 
Exception, s. an exclusion ; objection, cavil 
Exceptionable, a. liable to objection 
Excep'tious, a. peevish, froward 
Excep'tive, a. including an exception 
Except'less, a. omitting all exceptions 
Except'or, ;. one who objects 
Exce'rn, v. a. to strain out, to separate 
Exce'rpt, a. plucked off ; chosen, culled out 
Excerption, .f. act of gleaning ; selecting 
Exce'ss, s. superfluity, intemperance 
Excess'ive, a. beyond due bounds 
Excessively, ad. exceedingly ; in a great 
degree, eminently 


Excha'nge, v. a. to give one thing for anoV 

ther ; to barter ; to truck 
Excha'nge, s, the act of bartering ; the place 

where merchants meet ; the balance of 

money of different nations 
S Excne'quer, s. the court where the public 

revenues are received and paid 
Exci'se, s. a tax levied upon commodities 
Exci'seable, a. liable to the excise 
Excl'seman, s- an inspector of excised goo<J$ 
Exci'sion, s. extirpation ; destruction 
Excitation, s. the act of stirring up 
Exci'te, v. a. to rouse, to animate, to stir up 
Excitement, s. the motive that excites 
Excla'im, v. n. to cry out, to make an outcry 
Exclama'tion, s. a clamour, an outcry ; a note 

thus [! J subjoined to a pathetical sentence 
Exclam'atory, a. pertaining to exclamation 
Exciu'de, v. a. to shut out ; debar : prohibit 
Exclu'sicn, s. a rejection ; act of shutting out 
Exclusive, a debarring, excepting 
Exclu'siveiy,«;i. without admission of another 
Exco'gitate, v. a. to invent ; to hit off 
Excogitation, s. an invention, a device 
Excommu'nicate,^. a. to censure ; to exclude 
Excommunication, s. an ecclesiastical inter- 
dict, or exclusion from the fellowship of 

the church ; an anathema 
Exco'riate, v. a. to strip off the skin 
Excoriation, s. loss of skin ; plunder, spoil 
Excortica'tion, s. pulling off the bark 
Ex'crement, s. human soil, dung, &c. 
Excrement'al, a. voided as excrement 
Excres'cence, s. a tumour; superfluous flesh* 

&c. growing on any part of the body 
Excretion, s. ejection of animal substance 
Ex'cretive, a. able to eject excrements 
Excru'ciate, v. a. to torture, to torment 
Excru'ciate, Excru'ciated, part, tormented 
Excuba'tion, s. act of watching all night 
Excul'pate, v. a. to clear from imputation 
Excursion, s. a digression ; ramble ; inroad 
Excu'sabie, a. pardonable 
Excu'se, v. a. to extenuate, remit, pardon 
Excu'se, s. an apology ; a plea ; a pardon 
Excu'seless, a. without excuse, inexcusable 
Excu'ss, v. a. to seize and detain by law 
Ex'ecrable, a. hateful, detestable 
Ex'ecrably, ad. cursedly, abominably 
Ex'ecrate, v. a. to curse, to wish ill to 
Execration, /. a curse ; an imprecation of evil 
Exe'ct, v. a. to cut out or away 
Ex'ecute, v. a. to perform, to put to death 
Ex'ecuter, s. one who executes, or performs 
Execution, s. a performance ; a seizure 5 

death inflicted by forms of lav/ 
Executioner, s. he that inflicts punishments 
Exec'utive, a. having power to act 
Exec'utor, s. he that is intrusted to perfOrri* 
th# will of the testator 




txec'utrix,j. a female executor 
Exem'plar, s. a pattern, a copy, an example 
Exemplary, a. worthy of imitation 
Exem'plify, v. a. to illustrate, to copy 
Exe'mpt, v. a. to privilege, to free from 
Exemption, s. immunity, privilege 
Exen'terate, v. a. to take out the bowels 
Ex'equies, /. funeral rites 
Exer'cent, a. practising, following a calling 
Ex'ercise, v. to employ, to practise, to exert 
Ex'ercise, s. labour ; practice ; performance 
Exercita'tion, s. exercise, practice, use 
Exe'rt, v. a. to thrust out, enforce ; perform 
Exertion, s. the aft of exerting, an effort 
Xxe'sion, s. the aft of eating through 
Exestua'tion, ;. state of boiling, ebullition 
Exfo'liate, v. n. to shell off, to peel off 
Exhalation, s. evaporation, fume, vapour 
Exha'le, v. a . to send or draw out vapour 
Exha'lement, s. matter exhaled ; a vapour 
Exhau'st, v. a. to draw out totally, to waste 
Exhaust'less, a. not to be emptied 
Exhib'it, v. a. to produce, show, offer to view 
Exhibited, part, shown, produced 
Exhib'iter, s. he that offers any thing 
Exhibition, s. display ; allowance, pension 
Exhil'arate, v. a. to make cheerful 
Exho'rt, v. a. to incite to any good action 
Exhortation, t. an incitement to good 
Exhortative, Exhortatory, a. encouraging 

to good ; serving to exhort 
Ex'igence, s. demand, want, necessity 
Ex'igent, /. a pressing business ; a writ 
Exig'uous, a. small, diminutive, slender 
"ix'ile, v. a. to banish, to transport 
Ex'ile, s. banishment, a person banished 
Exi'st, v. n. to be , to have a being, to live 
Exist'ence, Exist'ency, s. a state of being 
Exist'ent, a. in being, possessed of existence 
Ex'it, s. a departure, a going out ; death 
Ex'odus, s. a journey from a place ; the 2nd 
book of Moses, so called because it describes 
the journey of the Israelites from Egypt 
Exonerate, v. a. to unload, to disburden 
Exoneration, s. the act of disburdening 
Exoptation, s. an earnest wish or desire 
Ex'orable, a. that which may be prevailed on 
Exorbitance, s . enormity, great depravity 
Exorbitant, a. excessive, extravagant 
Ex'orcise, v. a. to cast out evil spirits 
Ex'orcist, s. a caster out of evil spirits 
Exor'dium, s. introduction to a discourse 
Exot'ic, a. foreign...;, a foreign plant 
Expa'nd, v. a. to spread, to dilate, to enlarge 
Expa'nse, s. an even, wide, extended body 
Expansion, s. act of spreading out, extent 
Expan'sive, a. extensive, spreading 
Expatiate, v. n. to range at large, enlarge on 
Expatriated, part, banished from home 
fc i-oc'ct, v. n- to wait for, to attend for, to stay 

Expect'ancy, s. something expected ; hope 
Expect'ant, a. waiting in expectation 
Expectation, * the act of expecting 
Expectorate, v. a. to eject from the breast 
Expectoration, s. a discharge by coughing 
Expedience, s. fitness, propriety ; haste 
Expedient, a. proper, convenient ; quick 
Expe'dient, s. a .method, a way, a device 
Ex'pedite, v. a. to facilitate, hasten, despatch. 
Ex'pedite, «. quick, ready, agile, nimble 
Expedition, s. activity ; warlike enterprise 
Expeditious, a. quick, nimble, alert 
Expeditiously, ad. quickly, nimbly 
Expe'l, v. a. to drive out, to banish, to eject 
Expe'nd, v. a. to lay out, spend, consume 
Expe'nse, s. cost, charges, money expended 
Expe'nse'less, a. without cost or charge 
Expensive, a. given to expense, costly 
Expedience, s. practical knowledge 
Expedience, v. a. to try, to know by practice 
Experienced, part. a. skilful by experience 
Experiment, j. essay, trial, proof of any thing 
Experimental, a. formed by observation 
Expe'rt, a. skilful, ready, dexterous 
Expert'ly, ad. skilfully, readily, dexterously 
Expert'ness, s. skill, art, readiness 
Ex'piable, a. that which may be atoned for 
Ex'piate, v. a. to atone for a crime 
Expiation, s. the act of atoning for a crime 
Ex'piatory, a. having the power of expiation 
Expiration, s. respiration ; an end ; death 
Expi're, v. to breathe out, to exhale ; to die 
Expla'in, -v. a. to expound, to illustrate 
Explanation, s. act of making plain ; a note 
Explanatory, a. containing explanation 
Ex'ptetive, s. a word or syllable used merely 

to fill up a vacancy 
Explicable, a. that which may be explained 
Explicate, v. a. to unfold, expand, explain 
Explica'tion, s. act of opening or explaining 
Expli'cit, a. unfolded, clear, plain, distinct 
Explicitly, ad. plainly, distinctly, clearly 
Explo'de, v. a. to treat with scorn and disdain 
Explo'it, s. a great action, an achievement 
Explo're, v. a. to search into, to examine 
Explo'sion, s. the act of driving out with 

noise and violence 
Explo'sive, a. driving out with noise, &c. 
Ex'port, s. a commodity sent to a foreign 

Expo'rt, v. a. to send out of a country 
Exportation, s. sending of goods, &c. abroad 
Expo'se, v. a. to lay open, to make bare 5 to 

put in danger ; to censure 
Exposition, s. an explanation ; situation 
Expos'itor, j. an explainer, an interpreter 
Expostulate, v. n. to debate, to argue 
Expostulation, s. discussion of an affair with. 

out anger •, debate, altercation 
Expo'sure, s. an exposing to sight ; situation 



E X U 

Expo'und, v. a. to explain, unfold, lay open 
Expound'er, s. an explainer, an interpreter 
Expre'ss, v. a. to declare, to pronounce, to 

represent, to denote ; to squeeze out 
Express, a. plain, manifest, clear 
Expre'ss, s. a courier ; a message sent 
Express'ible, a. that may be uttered 
Expression, s. a phrase ; mode of speech ; act 
of representing any thing ; act of squeez- 
ing or forcing out any thing, as by a press 
Expres'sive, a. proper to express •, strong 
Express'ly, ad. in direct terms, clearly 
Expres'sure, s. expression, utterance 
Exprobra'tion, s. reproachful accusation 
Expropriate, v. a. to part with, to give up 
Expugn, v. a. to overcome, to take by assault 
Expu'lse, v, a. to expel, drive out, force away 
Expul'sion, s. act of expeiiing or driving out 
Expul'sive, a. having power to expel 
Expu'nge, v. a. to blot out, to efface 
Expur'gatcry, a. used in purifying or purging 
Ex'quisite, a. excellent, choice, curious 
Ex'quisitely, ad. perfectly, completely 
Ex'quisiteness,*. curiousncss, perfection 
Exsibila'tion, s. act of hissing off the stage 
Exsic'cant, a. drying, having power to dry 
Exsic'cate, v. a. to dry, to dry up 
Exsuda'tion, s. a sweating, an extillation 
Ex'tancy, s. parts rising above the rest 
Ex'tant, a. now in being, standing in view 
Extem'porary, a. not premeditated 
Extem'pore, ad. without premeditation 
Extem'porize, -v. n. to speak extempore 
Exte'nd, v. a. to stretch out, widen, enlarge 
Extendible, a. capable of extension 
Extension, s. the act of extending 
Exten'sive, a. wide, large, general, capacious 
Exten'sively, ad. widely, largely 
Exten'siveness, s. largeness, diffusiveness 
Exte'nt, s. the circumference of any thing ; 

in law, a seizure 
Exten'uate, v. a. to lessen, palliate, diminish 
Extenuation, s. mitigation, palliation 
Exte'rior, a. outward, external 
Exterminate, v. a. to root out, drive away 
Extermination, s. destruction, excision 
Exte'rn, Extern'al, a. visible, outward 
txtern'ally, Exte'riorly,«rf. outwardly 
Exter'sion, s. the act of rubbing off 
Extil', v. n. to drop from, to distil from 
Extilla'tion, $. the act of falling in drops 
Extim'ulate, v. a. to incite by stimulation 
Exti'nct, a. extinguished, put out ; dead 
Extinction, s. act of quenching or extin- 
guishing ; destruction, suppression 
Extinguish, v. a. to put out, to destroy, to 

obscure, to suppress 
Extin'guishable, a. that may be quenched 
Extin'guisher, s. a hollow cone placed on a 
burning candle to extinguish it 

Extirp'ate, v. a. to root out, to destroy 
Extirpation, s. act of rooting out, excision 
Exto'l, v. a. to praise, to magnify, to laud 
Exto'rt, v. a. to draw by force, to wrest or 

wring from one, to gain by violence 
Extortion, s. an unlawful exaction of more 

than is due ; oppression 
Extortioner, s. one who practises extortion 
Extra'ct, v. a. to draw out of, to select 
Extract, s . the substance extracted ; the chie f 

heads of a book ; an epitome ; a-tructation 
Extraction, s. act of drawing out ; lineage 
Extrajudicial, a. out of the course of "law 
Extramis'sion, s. an emitting outwards 
Extramund'ane, a. beyond the limits of the 

universe ; in the infinite void space 
Extra'neou3 5 «. foreign, of different substancej 

irrelevant, unconnected 
Extraordinarily, ad. remarkably, eminently 
Extraordinary, a. eminent, not common 
Extraparo'chial, a. out of the parish bounds 
Extrareg'ular, a. not subject to rule 
Extrav'agance, s. prodigality, irregularity 
Extrav'agant, a. wasteful, wild, irregular 
Extrav'agantiy, ad. wildly, in an unreason- 

able degree ; luxuriously, wastefully 
Extrav'asated, a. out of its proper vessel- 
Extrave'nate, a. let out of the veins 
Extre'me, a. greatest, utmost, last, very ur^ 

gent, immoderate, of the highest degree 
Extre'me, s. the utmost point, highest de- 
gree of any thing, extremity, end 
Extre'mely, ad. greatly, in the utmost degree 
Extrem'ity, s. remotest parts ; necessity ; 

rigour ; emergency, violence of passion 
Extricate, v. a. to disembarrass, to clear 
Extrication, s. the act of disentangling 
Extrin'sic, a. external, outward 
Extru'ct, v. a. to build, to raise, to form 
Extru'de, v. a. to throw out, to thrust off 
Extru'sion, s. act of thrusting out or from 
Extu'berance, s- a swelling or bunching outf 

a knob or protuberant part 
Exu'berance, s. overgrowth, luxuriance 
Exu'berant, a. overabundant, luxuriant 
Exuc'cous, a. without moisture, dry 
Exudation, s. a sweating cut, perspiration 
Exu'date, Exu'de, v. n. to discharge by sweat 
Exul'cerate,?;. a. to make sore with an ulcer * 

to corrode ; to irritate with virulence 
Exu'lt, v- n. to rejoice, to triumph, to glory 
Exult'ance, Exultation, s. joy, transport 
Exundation, s. overflow, abundance 
Exu'perabie, a. conquerable, vincible 
Exu'berant, a. overbalancing, exceeding 
Exus'citate, v. a. to rouse from sleep, stir Up 
Exustion, s. consumption by fire 
Exu'vi<2, .'. the cast skins or shells of ani. 

ma!s ; whatever is thrown off, or shed ; 

the scum ; the refuse 


Ey'as, s. a young hawk taken from the nest 
Eye, s. the organ of sight ,• aspect, regard 
Eye, v. a. to watch, to keep in view 
Eye'ball, s. the pupil or apple of the eye 
Eye'brow, j. the hairy arch over the eye 
Eye'lash, s. hair on the edge of the eyelid 
Eye'Iess, a. without eyes, sightless, blind 
Eyelet, s. a small hole for the light, &c. 
Eyelid, j. the membrane covering the eye 


Eye'shot, s . a sight, glance, transient view 
Eye'sight, s . the sight of the eye 
Eye'sore, s. something offensive to the sight 
Eye'tooth, s the tooth next the grinders 
Eyewit'ness, s. an ocular evidence 
Eyre, s. the court of justices itinerant, so 

called from their going tda circuits afld 

holding assizes 
Ey'ry,*. a place where birds of prey build 


FTFiE sixth letter in the alphabet ; in 
? music, it expresses a note ; also one of 
the keys of the gamut ; it stands likewise 
as an abbreviation for forte, strong, and 
loud ; in medical prescriptions, it stands 
ibr fiat, let it be done ; after a person's 
name, it means fellow, as F. R. S. Fellow 
of ihe Royal Society 
Faba'ceous, a. having the nature of a bean 
Fable, s. an instructive fiction ; a falsehood 
Fatfte, v. to feign, to tell falsely 
Fatle<i,pM?t. told in fables or romances 
Fab'ric, s. a building, an edifice ; a system 
Fab'rieate, v. a. to build; to frame, to forge 
Fab'ulist, /. one who writes fables 
Fab'ulous, a. feigned, full of fables, forged 
Face, s. the visage ; front ; superficies of any 

thing ; appearance ; boldness 
Face, v. a. to meet in front, to oppose bold- 
ly ; to stand opposite to ; to cover with an 
additional surface 
Fa'cet, s. a small irregular surface 
Facetious, a. gay, cheerful, witty, lively 
Face'ticusness, s. gaiety, drollery 
Fa'cile, a. easy, not difficult ; pliant, flexible 
Facilitate, t>. a. to make clear or easy 
Facil'ity, s. easiness, readiness, affability 
Fa'cing, part, set over against, opposite to 
Fa'cing, s. an ornamental covering 
Facin'orous, a. villanous, detejtable, bad 
Fact, s. action or deed ; thing done ; reality 
Fac'tion, s. a party or cabal ; a tumult 
Fac'tious, a given to faction, seditious 
Factitious, a. made by art, artificial 
Factor, ;. an agent for another, a deputy 
Fac'tory, s. a district inhabited by traders in 

a foreign country ; mercantile agents 
Factotum, s. a servant employed alike in all 

kinds of business 
Faculty, i. ability ; power of mind ; dexterity 
Facun'dity, /. eloquence, easiness of speech 
Fad'dle, v. n. to trifle, to toy, to play 
Fade, v. to wither, grow weak, wear away 
Fadge 3 v. n. to suit, to fit ; not to quarrel 

Fse'ces, 4. excrements ; dregs, dross 
Fag, v. a. to grow weary, to labour 
Fag, Fag'end, s. the worst end of a thing 
Fag'ot, s. a bundle of wood for fuel, &c. 
Fail, v. to become a bankrupt ; to desert ; to 

omit, to neglect ; to decay, perish, die 
Failing, Fai'lure, s. a deficiency, a lapse, a 

becoming insolvent ; omission ; slip 
Fain, a. glad, forced, obliged...^, gladly 
Faint, a. languid, weak, cowardly 
Faint, i>. n. to decay ; to sink motionless 
Faindieart'ed, a. cowardly, timorous 
Fainting, s. temporary loss of animal motion 
Faint'ish, a. rather faint or low 
Faint'iy, ad. languidly, timorously, feebly 
Faint'ness, s. feebleness, dejection 
Fair, a. beautiful ; clear ; favourable ; just 
Fair, ad. gently, civilly ; successfully 
Fair, s. the female sex ; a free market 
Fair'ing, s. a present given at a fair 
Fair'ly, ad. honestly, plainly, beautifully" 
Fair'ness, s. honesty, candcur ; beauty 
Fairy, j. an enchantress, an elf, a fay 
Fa'iry, a. given by or belonging to fairies 
Faith, s. belief, fidelity, confidence 
Faithful, a. firm to the truth, sincere, loyal 
Faithfully, ad. sincerely, honestly 
Faith'fulness, s. honesty, veracity, loyalty 
Faithless, a. unbelieving ; perfidious 
Fal'cated, a. hooked, bent like a scythe 
Fal'chion, s. a kind of short crooked sword 
Fal'con, s- a small hawk trained for sport 
Fal'coner, s. one who trains falcons 
Fal'conet, s. a small piece pf ordnance 
Fall, v. n. to drop down ; decrease ; happen 
Fall, j. act of falling ; ruin, downfall 
Falla'ciousja. producing mistake ; sophistical, 

deceitful, false ; mocking expectation 
Fallacy, s. sophism, deceitful argument, craft 
Fallibility, s. liableness to be deceived 
Fallible, a. liable to error, frail 
Falling, s. an indenting ; a sinking ; sin 
Falllng-sick'ness, s. the epilepsy 
Fallow, v. n. to plough in ar<2er to replough 

A R 


A T 

Fal low, a. uncultivated, neglected 
False, a. not true, not just, counterfeit 
Falsehe'arted,tf. treacherous, perfidious 
False'iy, ad. not truly, erroneously 
False-hood, Fal'sity, /. a lie, an untruth 
Falsif'ic, a. making false, dealing falsely 
Fal'sify,t>. to counterfeit, to forge, to tell lies 
Fal'ter, v. n. to hesitate in speech ; stumble 
Fai'tering, : ari. a. stammering : stumbling 
Fame, s. honour, renown, glory, report 
Famed, a. renowned, celebrated 
Fa'mcless, a. without fame, obscure 
Familiar, <<. domestic,affaole, unceremonious 
Famil'iar, s. an intimate ; a demon 
Familiarity, s. intimate correspondence, ea- 
sy intercourse, acquaintance 
Familiarize, v. a. to make easy by habit 
Familiarly, ad. unceremoniously, easily 
Fam'ily, s. a household ; race, generation 
Famine, s. scarcity of food, dearth 
Fam'ish, v. to starve, to die of hunger 
Fa'mous, a. renowned, celebrated 
Fa'mously, ad renowiiedly, with celebrity 
Fan, j. an instrument, made of silk, paper, 
&c used by ladies to cool themselves •> 
an utensil to winnow corn 
Fan, v. a. to winnow corn, to cool by a fan 
Fanatic, s. an enthusiast, a visionary 
Fanatic, Fanai ical, a. enthusiastic 
Fanaticism,/, a religious frenzy, enthusiasm 
Fan'ciful, a. imaginative, whimsical 
Fan'cifuliy, ad. capriciously, imaginariiy 
Fan'cy, ;. imagination, thought ; taste ; ca- 
price, frolic ; inclination, idle scheme 
Fan'cy, v. to imagine ; to like, to be pleased 

with ; to portray in the miad, to in 
Fane, s. a temple ; a weathercock 
Fan'faron, s. a bully, a hector, a blusterer 
Fanfarona'de, s. a bluster ; parade, boast 
Fang, s. the long tusk of an animal, a talon 
Fang'ed, part, furnished with fangs 
Fan'gle, s. a silly attempt, a trilling scheme 
Fan'gied, a. vainly, fond of novelty 
Fan'nel, s. a sort of scarf worn about the left 

arm of a mass priest when he officiit-e ; 
Fantas'tic, Fantastical, a. irrational, imag- 
inary, capricious, whimsical 
Fantasy, s. imagination, idea, humour 
Far, a. distant, remote...^, to great extent 
Farce, ;. a ludicrous dramatic representation 
Far'cical, a. relating to a farce ; droll 
Far'cy, *. the leprosy of horses 
Far'dei, s. a bundle, a pack, a burden 
Fare, *. previsions ; hire of carriages, Sec. 
Fare, v. n. to go, to travel ; to happen to 

any one well or ill ; to feed, to eat 
Farewell, ad. the parting compliment, adieu 
Fa'rfetchcd, a. brought from places distant ; 

elaborately strained ; unnatural 
Farina'ceous r a. mealy, tasting like meal 

li 2 

Farm, j. land occupied by a farmer 
Farm'er, ;. one who cultivates ground 
Far'most, a. most distant, most remote 
Farra'gincus, a. made of different ingredients 
Farra'gc, s. a medley, a confused mass 
Far'rier, s. a horse-doctor ; a shoer of hci-ses 
Far'row, s. a litter of pigs...v. a. to pig 
Far'ther, a. more remote, longer 
Far'ther, v. a. to promote, to facilitate 
Far'thermcre, ad. besides, moreover 
Far'thest, a. at or to the greatest distance 
Far'thing, j. the fourth part of a penny 
Far'thingale, /. a hoop to spread the pettiest 
Fas'ces, s. a bardie cf rods anciently carried 

befoie the F.oman consuls 
Fascia'tion, ;. a bandage, a tying up 
Fascic'ular, a. of or belonging to a curdle 
Fas'cinate, -v. a. to bewitch, to enchant 
Fascina'ticn, j. enchantment, witchcraft 
Fasci'ne, *. a faggot or bavin 
Fas'cincus, a. acting by enchantment 
Fashion, : form, manner, custom, mode 
Fashion, v. a. to form, fit, mould, shape 
Fashionable, a. approved by custom, pa 
Fashionably, ad. cc iforru . ly ia custom 
Fashioned, parf. " -d, adapted 

Fast, -j, it. to abstain from all food 
Fa;:, r. anabsti ron 

Fait, a. firm, sti ag s fia :d, sound ; swifc 
Fast'en, v. a. to make fast, to cc: ant 
Fast'ener, s. one that makes fast or firm 
Fasfhandc a ~lose-handed", niggardly 

ious, .:. disdainful, squeamish 
7,:: aess : v.: i ::.-;. strength ; a strong pla e 
Fas'tuous, a,, proud, hauggirty 
Fat, a. plump, fleshy, coarse ; ri 
Eat, s. an oily and sulphureous part cf the 

blood ; a vessel in which any thing 

to ferment, commonly written -vat 
Fat, i\ to make fat, to fatten, to grow fat 
Fatai, a. deadly, mortal, hiOYkalle 
Fatalist, s one who maintains that al! I 

happen by inevitable necessity 
Fatality, ... predestination, a decree of fate 
Fa'taily, ad. mortally, destructively 
Tate, ;. destiny ; death ; cause of death 
Fa :ed ; a. decreed by fate ; determined 
Father, s. one who begets a child 
Father, v. a. to adopt a child ; to as : 
Fa'therht;od, :. the character of a father 
Fa'ther-in-law, /.father cf one's husband.eir, 
Fa'therless, a. without a father ; des:i-._>_ 
Fa'therly, a. paternal, tender, ca 
Fa 'thorn, ;. a measure of six fe .: 
Fa'thom, v. a. to penetrate into ; to-sound 
Fa'thomless, a. bottomless: impenetrable 
Fatidical, a. having the power to foreiel 
Fa;:: t-rcus, a. deadly, mortal 
Fati'gue, t. weariness, labour, lassitude 
Fat; r.;e, v. a. to tire, to weary, tc perplex 


r e o 

Fatling, s. a young animal fed for slaughter 
Fat'ness, s. plumpness, fertility 
Fat'ten, v. to make fleshy, to grow fat 
Fatu'ity, s. foolishness, weakness of mind 
Fat'uous, a. stupid, foolish, impotent 
Fau cet, s. a small pipe for a barrel 
Favil'lous, a. consisting of ashes 
Fault, s. an offence, a slight crime ; a defect 
Fault'er, s. an offender, a defaulter 
Fault'ily, ad. not rightly, blameably 
Faultless, a. without fault, perfect, blameless 
Fault'y, a. guilty of a fault, wrong, bad 
Fau'nic, a. wild, rustic, rude 
Fa'vour, v. a. to support, assist, conduce to 
Fa'vour, s. kindness, support, lenity ; a knot 
of ribbons ; good-will; feature,countenance 
Favourable, a. kind, propitious, tender 
Fa'vourably, ad. kindly, with favour 
Fa'voured, part. a. featured well or ill ; re- 
garded with kindness or partiality 
Ta'vourite, s. a person or thing beloved 
Fawn, v. n. to flatter, cringe...;, a young deer 
Fawn'ing, part, cringing, flattering 
Fay, s. a fairy, an elf ; faith 
Fe'alty, ;. homage, loyalty, submission 
Fear, s. dread, terror, anxiety, awe 
Fear, v. to dread, to be afraid of, to be anxious 
Fear'ful, a. timorous, afraid, awful 
Fear'fully, ad. timorously, terribly ; in fear 
Fear'fulness, s. timorousness, dread ; awe 
Fear'less, a. free from fear, intrepid 
Feasibility, s. the practicability of a thing 
Feasible, a. practicable, that may be done 
Feast, s. a festival, a sumptuous treat 
Feast, v. a. to entertain sumptuously, pamper 
Feat, s. an act, a deed ; trick or slight 
Feac, a. neat, quick, ready 
Fea'ther, s. the plume of birds; an ornament 
Fea'ther, v. a. to dress or fit with feathers 
Fea'ther-bed, s. a bed stuffed with feathers 
Fea'thered, a. clothed with feathers 
Fea'therless, a. without feathers, naked 
Feat'ly, ad. neatly, nimbly, readily 
Teat'ure, /. the cast 01 make of the face ; any 

lineament or single part of the face 
Feaze, v. a. to untwist a rcpe ; to beat 
Feb'rifuge, j. a medicine to cure fevers 
Fe'brile, a. relating, or belonging to a fever 
Feb'ruary, s. the second month of the year 
Februation, s, a sacrifice, &c for the dead 
Fec'ulence, s. muddiness, lees, dregs 
Fec'ulent, a. dreggy, foul, excrementitious 
Fecu'nd, a. fruitful, prolific, rich 
Fecunda'tion, s. the act of making fruitful 
Fecundity, s. fertility, fruitfulness 
Fed. pret . and part, of to feed 
Fed'ary, s. a partner, or a dependant 
Fed'eral, a. relating to a league or contract 
Fed'erary, s- a confederate, an accomplice 
Fee, v. a. to reward ; to pay ; to bribe ; to hire 

Fee, f. a reward ; wages ; gratification ; lands, 
&c. held by any acknowledgment of su- 
periority to a higher lord 
Feeble, a. weak, sickly, debilitated 
Fee'bied,/><37^. enfeebled, made weak 
Feebleness, s. weakness, infirmity 
Feed, v. to supply with food, to cherish 
Feed, j. pasture for cattle, food 
Feeder, s. one who gives or eats food 
Feel, v. to perceive by the touch, to be af- 
fected by ; to know ; to try, to sound 
Feel, s. the sense of feeling, the touch 
Feeling, s. sensibility,tenderness, perception 
Feelingly, ad. with great sensibility 
Feet, s. the plural of foot 
Feet'less, a. without feet 
Feign, v. to invent, dissemble, relate falsely 
Feign'ed,/w/. dissembled, pretended 
Feint, s. a false appearance, a mock assault 
Feii'citate, v. a. to make happy ; congratulate 
Felicitation, s. congratulation 
Feli'city, i. happiness, prosperity jblissfulness 
Feline, a. belonging to, or resembling a cat 
Fell, a. cruel, fierce, savage, bloody 
Fell, -v. a to knock down, to cut down 
Fell'monger, /. a dealer in hides or skins 
Felloe, s. the circumference of a wheel 
Fellow, s. an associate, equal ; a mean person 
Fellow, v. a. to suit with, to pair with 
Fellowship, s. companionship, society, 

equality ; establishment in a college 
Fe'lo-de-se, s. a self-murderer, a suicide 
Fel'on, s. one guilty of a capital crime 
Felo'nious, a. wicked, villanous, malign 
Felo'niously, ad. in a felonious manner 
Fel'ony, .r. a capital offence or crime 
Felt, v. a. to unite stuff without weaving 
Felt, /. stuff used in making hats ; a skin 
Fel'tre, v. a. to clot together like felt 
Feluc'ca, s. a small open boat with six oars 
Fe'male, Feminine, a. not masculine, soft, 

effeminate, tender, delicate, emasculated 
Fe'male, Feminine, s one of the sex that 

brings forth young 
Fem'e-eovert, *. a married woman 
Feminallty, s. female nature 
Fen, s. a marsh, a moor, low moist ground 
Fence, ;. a guard, enclosure, mound, hedge 
Fence, 11. to enclose, to guard ; to use the foil 

scientifically ; to act on the defensive 
Fen'celess, a. without enclosure, open 
Fen'cer, $. one who practises fencing 
Fen'cible, a. capable of defence 
Fen'clng, s. the art of defence by weapons 
Fend, v. to keep off, to shut out ; to dispute 
Fend'er, s. a fence to keep in the cinders 
Fen'ny, a. marshy, inhabiting the marsh 
Feo'dal, a. held from another 
Fe'odary, s. one who holds an estate under 
tenure of service, &c t© a superior lord 



Fe'off, v. a. to put in possession, to invest 
Fecrfe'e, s. one put in possession 
FeorF'er, $. one who gives possession 
Feoffment, /. the act of granting possession 
Fera'city, s. fruitfulness, fertiiity 
Fe'ral, a. mournful, funereal, deadly 
Feria'tion, s. the act of keeping holiday 
Fe'rine, a. wild, savage, fierce, barbarous 
Fer'iner.ess, Fei'ity, /. barbarity, wildness 
Ferment, v. a. to exalt, or rarify by intestine 

motion of its parts 
Ferment, /. intestine motion, tumult 
Fermeata'tion, .. an intestine motion of the 

small particles of a mixt body, from the 

operation of some active acid matter 
Fennent'ative, a. causing fermentation 
Fern, s. a plant growing on heaths, &c 
Fern'y, a overgrown with fern 
Fero'cious, a. savage, fierce, rapacious 
Fero'city, ;. fierceness, cruelty, wildness ^ 
Fer'reous, a. made of iron, or containing iron 
Fer'ret, i.aa ; a kind of tape 

Fer'ret, v. a. to tease or vex one ; drive out 
Fc-rru'giiious, a. partaking of iron 
Fer'rule, s. an iron ring at the end of a stick 
Fer'ry, s. a boat for passage ; the passage over 

which the boat passes. ..v. to convey in a boat 
Ferryman, s- one who keeps or rows a ferry 
Fer'tile, a. fruitful, abundant, plenteous 
Fertil'ity, t. abundance, fruitfulness 
Fer'iiliz'e^ make plenteous, to fecundate 
Fer'vency, s. ardour, eagerness, zeal 
Fer'vent, a. hot, vehement, ardent, zealous 
Fer'vently, ad. eagerly ; with pious ardour 
Ferves'cent, a. growing hot 
Fer'vid, a. vehement, zealous, burning 
Fer'uia, s. an instrument with which young 

scholars are beaten en the hand 
Fervour, t. heal of mind, zeal, warmth 
Fes'cue^f.awire topointout letters to learners 
Fes'ter,-y. n. to corrupt, rankle, grow virulent 
Fes'tinate, a. hasty, hurried 
Fes'tival, s. a day of civil or religious joy 
Fes'tive, a. joyous, gay, pertaining to feasts 
Festiv'ity, s. a festival, a time of rejoicing 
Festoon, s. an ornament cf twisted flowers 
Festu'cous, a. formed of straw 
Fetch, v. a. to go and bring a thing, to draw 
Fetch, s. a stratagem, an artifice, a trick 
Fet'id, a. stinking, having an offensive smell 
Fetif'erous, a. bringing forth fruit or young 
Fet'lock, x. a tuft of hair that grows behind 

a horse's pastern, or ankle joint 
Fet'ter, v. a. to enchain, to shackle, to tie 
Fet'ters, /. chains for the feet 
Fet'tle, v. n, to do trifling business 
Fe'tus, or FceTus, s. any animal in embryo 
Feud, s. a quarrel, contention, opposition 
Feud'al, a. dependant, held by tenure 
Fetfd'atory, r. one who holds of a lord or chief 

Fever, s. a disease, accompanied with thirst 
and a quickened puise,in which sometimes 
heat, sometimes cold, prevails 
Fe'verish,Fe'verous, Fe'very, a. troubled wifti 
a fever, tending to a fever, hot, burning 
j Feu'ill2ge, s. a bunch or row of leaves 
! Few, a. a small number, net many 
i Few'ness, s. smallness of number, brevity 
j Fib, ;. a falsehood „.v. n. to tell lies, to lie 
j Fib'ber, ;. a teller of lies 
j Fi'bre, s. a small thread or string 
i Fi'brousjfl. full of, or composed of fibres 
Fic'kle, a. changeable, inconstant, unfixed 
Fic'kleness, s. inconstancy, unsteadiness 
: Fic'tion, s. a story invented ,• a falsehood 
\ Fic'tious, Ficti'tious, a. imaginary, false, 

counterfeit, not real, not true, allegorical 
; Fictitiously, ad. falsely, counterfeitly 
i Fid'dle, s. a musical instrument, a violin 
; Fid'dle, v. play upon the fiddle ; to trifle 
I Fid'dlefaddle, s. a trifle, a trifler 

Fiddler, s. one who plays on the fiddle 
j Fid'dle-string, s. the string of a fiddle 
\ Fidel'ity, s. honesty, veracity, faithfulness 
| Fidg'et, v n. to move nimbly or irregularly 
■ Fidu'cial, a. confident, undoubting 
: Fidu'ciary, s. one who holds in trust 
• Fief, s. a manor; possession held by tenure 
Field, s. a cultivated tract of ground ; the 
ground of battle ; a wide expanse ; space, 
compass, extent 
; Field'hook, s. a book used by surveyors 
', Fieldfare, j. a bird; a kind of thrush 
I Fieid'piece, /. a small cannon used in battle 

Fiend, s. an infernal being, an enemy 
I Fierce, a. savage, outrageous, furious, strong 
; Fie'rcely,arf. violently, furiously, vehemently 
i Fierceness, s. ferccity, fury, violence 
Fi'ery, a. consisting cf fire; passionate, bs£ 
Fife, ;, a small pipe blown to the drum 
r Fi'fer, j. one who plays on a fife 
j Fifteen, a. five and ten added 
; Fifty, a. five tens added 
; Fig, ;. a tree that bears figs ; its fruit 
! Fight, v. to contend in battle, to combat 
i Fight, ;. a battle, an engagement, a duel 
; Fight'er, s. a warrior, a duellist 
\ Fig'ment, s. a fiction, an invention 
I Fig'ulate, a. made of potter's earth or ctay 
i Fig'urable, a. capable of being formed 
i Fig'ural, Fig'urate, a, of a certain form 
| Figurative, a. not literal, metaphorical 
' Figuratively, ad. by a figure, not literally 
■ Fig'ure, s. shape ; external form ; eminence^- 
an image ; a character denoting a number 
Fig'ure, v. a. to form into any shape 
' Fig'ured, part. a. represented ; adorned 
Fiia'ceous, a. consisting cf threads 
Fjl'acer, s. an officer in the Common Pleas 
Fii'ameat, u a slender, thread j a fibre 




Fil'bert, s. a fine hazle nut with a thin shell 
Filch, v. a. to steal, to pilfer, to cheat, to rob 
Fjlch'er, s . a petty thief, a robber 
File, s. a steel tool to polish iron, &c. with ; 

a wire for papers ; a line of soldiers 
Fil'emot, ;. a brown, or yellow brown colour 
Fil'ial, a. pertaining to, or beseeming a son 
Fil'igree, s. a kind of delicate work on gold 

or silver in manner of threads or grains 
Fi'lings, s. particles rubbed off by a file 
Fill, v. a. to make full, to satisfy, to surfeit 
Fill, s. fulness, satiety; part of a carriage 
Fil'let, s. a band tied round the head, &c. ; a 

bandage ; the fleshy part of the thigh 
Fil'lip, v. a. to jerk with the finger 
Fil'lip, s. ajerk of the finger from the thumb 
Fil'ly, s. a young mare ; opposed to colt 
Film, s. a thin skin or pellicle 
Film'y, a. composed of thin membranes 
Fil'ter, v. a. to strain, to percolate 
Filth, s. dirt, nastiness ; grossness, pollution 
Filth'iness, s. dirtiness ; impurity 
Filth'y, a. dirty, nasty; gross, obscene 
Fil'trate, v. a. to strain, to filter, to percolate 
Fin, s. the wing of a fish, by which he swims 
Fi'nable, a. that which may be fined 
Fi'nal, a. ultimate, conclusive, mortal 
Fi'nally, ad. ultimately, completely, lastly 
Fina'nce, s. revenue, income, profit 
Financier, j. an officerwho superintends the 

state finances, or public revenue 
Find, v. a. to discover, to detect ; to furnish 
Fine, a. not coarse, pure, thin, clear ; elegant 
Fine, s. a pecuniary forfeit, penalty, mulct 
Fine, v. a. to refine, purify ; inflict a penalty 
Fi'nely, ad. elegantly ; keenly, subtlely 
Fineness, s. elegance, show ; purity, subtilty 
Fi'ner, s. one who purifies metals 
Fi'nery, /. show, gaiety in attire, splendour 
Fine'sse, s. an artifice, a stratagem 
Fin'ewed, a. mouldy, musty, dirty, nasty 
Fin'ger, s. a part of the hand 
Fin'ger, v. a. to touch lightly ; to pilfer 
Fin'ical, a. nice, foppish, affecled, conceited 
Fin'ically, ad. foppishly, superfluously nice 
Fi'ning-pot, s. a pot for refining metals 
Fi'rris, s. the end, the conclusion 
Fin'ish, v. a. to end, to perfect, to complete 
Fin'isher, s. one who completes or perfects 
Fi'nite, a. limited, bounded, terminated ; 

created ; it is opposed to infinite 
Fi'niteness, s. limitation, confinement 
Fin'less,a. without fins 
Fiii'ny, a. furnished with fins 
Fir,x. the tree of which deal boards are made 
Fire, s. that which has the power of burning ; 

flame, light, lustre ; ardour, spirit 
Fire, -v. to discharge fire-arms ; to kindle 
Fl're-arms, s. guns, muskets, &c. 
Fi'redrake, /. a fiery serpent, or meteor 

Fi'rebrand, s. a piece of wood kindled ; an 

incendiary, one who inflames factions 
Fi'relock, s. a soldier's gun, a musket 
Fi'reman, /. one who is employed to extin- 
guish burning houses ; a violent man 
Fi'repan, s. a pan for holding fire 
Fi'rework, s. a beautiful display of fire 
Fi'reship, s. a ship filled with combustibles 
Fi'ring, s. fuel, something used for the fire 
Fir'kin, s. a vessel containing nine gallons 
Firm, a. fast, strong, hard, constant, steady 
Firm, j. the name or names under which the 
business of any trading house is carried on 
Firm'ament, s. the sky, the heavens 
Firmament'al, a. celestial, belonging to the 

firmament; etherial; elementary 
Finna'n,j. a permission to trade, &c. 
Firm'ly,rtrf.immoveably, steadily, constantly 
Firm'ness, s. steadiness, stability, solidity 
First, a. earliest in time ; chief, primary 
First'fruits, j. the first produce of any thing ; 
one year's produce of a spiritual living 
given to the king 
First'ling, s. the first produce or offspring 
Fis'cal, s. the exchequer, the revenue 
Fish, s. an animal existing only in water 
Fish, v. to catch fish ; to sift, to catch by art 
Fish'er,Fish'erman, u one whose employment 

is to catch fish with nets, or by angling 
Fish'ery, s. trade or employment of fishing, 
Fish'-hook, s. a hook to catch fish with 
Fish'ify, v. a. to turn to fish 
Fish'ing,f. the art or practice of catching fisli- 
Fish'meal, s. a meal made of fish 
Fish'monger, s. one who sells or deals in fish 
Fish'y, a. consisting of, or like fish 
Fis'sure, s. a cleft, an opening, a small chasm 
Fist, s. the hand clenched or closed 
Fist'icuffs, s. a battle with fists 
Fist'ula, s. a sinuous ulcer callous within 
Fist'ulous, a. pertaining to a fistula 
Fit, s. a paroxysm of any distemper; disorder 

of the animal spirits ; distemperature 
Fit, a. qualified, proper, convenient, meet 
Fit, v. a. to suit, to accommodate, to adapt 
Fitch, s. a small kind of wild pea ; a vetch 
Fit'ly, ad aptly, properly, commodiously 
Fit'ness, s. propriety, convenience, nieetness 
Fi'vefold, a. five times as much 
Fives, j. a game at balls; a disease of horses 
Fix, v. to fasten; settle, determine ; rest 
Fixa'tion, Fix'edness, s. stability, solidity 
Fix'ed, part, appointed, determined 
Fixid'ity, Fix'ity, s. coherence of parts 
Fix'ture, s. any article fixed to the premises, 

as fire-grates- dressers, &c. 
Fix'ure, .f. position ; firmness; pressure- 
Fiz'gig, s. a kind of harpoon to strike fish 
Flab'biness, s. limberness, softness 
Fiab'by, a, soft 3 not firm, limber, not stiff 



Fla'bile, a. subject to be blown by wind 
Flaccid, a. weak, limber, not stiff, not tense 
Flaccid'ity, s. laxity, limberness 
Flag, v.n. to grow dejecitti, droop, lose vigour 
Flag, s. the colours of a ship or land-forces ; 

a water plant ; a fiat stone for paving 
Fla'gelet, j. a small flute, a musical pipe 
Flagella'tion, /. the act of scourging 
^ a g'gy> «• weak, limber, not tense ; insipid 
Flagi'tious. a. wicked, atrocious, vile 
Fla'gon, s. a drinking vessel of two quarts 
Flag'-officer, /. the commander of a squadron 

or part of a fleet of ships 
Fla'grancy, s. burning heat , fire, inflammation 
Fla'grant, a. ardent, glowing ; notorious 
Flagship, s. the admiral's ship 
Flail, s. an instrument to thresh corn with 
Flake, s. any thing that appears ioosely put 

together ; a stratum, a layer, a lamina 
Fla-'ky, a. lying in layers or strata 
Flam, s. a falsehood, a lie, an illusory pretext 
Flam'beau, s. a lighted wax torch 
Flame, s. light emitted from fire ; fire; the 

passion of love ; brightness of fancy 
Flame, v.n. to shine as fire, shine like flame 
Fla'men, s. an ancient Pagan priest 
Fla'ming, part, blazing, burning; notorious 
Flammabil'ity, s. an aptness to take fire 
Flamma'tion, s. the act of setting on flame 
Flam'medj/w-/. deceived, imposed on 
Fia'my, a. inflamed, burning, flaming 
Flank, /. the side ; pnrt of a bastion...^, a. to 

attack the side of a battalion, or fleet 
Flan'nel, s. a soft nappy stuff made of wool 
Flap, s. any thing that hangs broad and loose ; 

a blow with the hand ; a disease in horses 
Flap, v. to beat with a flap ; to ply the wings 

with a noise ; to fall with flaps 
Flap'dragon, v. a. to devour., .j. a game 
Flare, v. n. to glitter offensively ; to flutter 

with a splendid show; to give a glaringlight 
Flash,;, a sudden blaze ; a sudden burst of wit 
Fiash'y, a. empty, showy, insipid 
Flask, s. a bottle, a vessel ; a powder-horn 
Flask'et, /. a large basket ; a kind of tray 
Flat, s. a level ; even ground ; a shallow 
Flat,rt. smooth, level ; insipid, dull ; not shrill 
Flat, •?;. to make level ; to make vapid 
Flat'ly, ad. peremptorily ; dully, frigidly 
Flat'ness, s. evenness ; insipidity, dulness 
Flat'ten, v. to make-even ; deject, dispirit 
Flat'Ler, v. a. to praise falsely; to raise false 

hopes ; to sooth, to caress, to adulate 
J'iat'terer, s. a wheedler, a fawner 
Flat'iery, s. fawning ; false, venal praise 
Fist'tish, a. somewhat flat ; dull 
Flat'ulency, s. windiness ; vanity, levity 
Flat'uh-nt, Flat'uous, a windy ; empty, vain 
Flaunt, v. n. to make a fluttering show in 

apparel ; to give one's self airs 

Flaunt, /. any thing loose and airy 
Fla'vour, s. a taste, relish ; sweet smell 
Fla'vourous, a. fragrant, odorous, palatable 
Flaw, s. a crack, a breach ; a fault, a defect 
Flax, s. a fibrous plant, of which the finest 

thread is made ; the fibres of flax cleansed 
Flax'-dresser, s. he who prepares flax 
Flax'en, a. made of flax, like flax ; fair 
Flay, v. a. to strip off the skin 
Fiea, s. a small insect remarkable for agility 
Fleabit'ten, a. stung by fleas ; worthless 
Fleak, s. a small lock, thread, or twist 
Fleam, s. an instrument'used to bleed cattle 
Fleck, v. a. to spot, to streak, to dapple 
Fledge, v. a. to supply with feathers or wings 
Flee,i>. run from danger, or for shelter 
Fleece, s. the wool from one sheep 
Fleece, v. a. to strip or plunder a person 
Flee'ced, part, stripped, plundered 
Flee'cy, a. woolly, covered with wool 
Fleer, v. n. to mock, to jest with contempt 
Fleet, a. swift of pace^ nimble, a<ftive 
Fleet, s. a company of ships ; a creek 
Fleet, v. to fly swiftly, vanish ; live merrily- 
Fleet'ing, part, passing away continually ,&c. 
Fleet'ly, ad. with swift pace, nimbly 
Fleet/ness, s. swiftness, celerUy, velocity 
Flesh, s. a part of the animal body 
Flesh, v. a. to initiate ; to harden ; to glut 
Flesh-fly, s. a fly thatffeeds upon flesh 
Fiesh'iness, s. fulness of flesh, plifrrpness 
Flesh'iiness, s- carnal passions or appetites 
Flesh'ly, a. corporeal, human, not celestial 
Flesh'meat, /. animal food, flesh of animals 
Flesh'y, a. full of flesh, musculous, plump 
Flet, part, skimmed, deprived of the cream 
Fletch'er, s. a maker of bows and arrows 
Flew, preterite of to fly 
Flew'ed, a. chapped ; deep mouthed 
Flexibility, s. pliancy, ductility, facility 
Flex'ible, Flex'ile, a. pliant, manageable 
Flex'ion,j.tkeact of bending; a joint, a turn 
Flex'uous, a. winding, variable, not straight 
Flex'ure, s. the part bent, the joint 
Flick'er, v. a. to flutter, to play the wings 
Fli'er, s. a fugitive, a runaway; part of a jack 
Flight, s. the act of flying or running away ; 

a flock of birds ; heat of imagination ; the 

stairs from one landing-place to another 
Flight'y, a. wild, full of imagination ; swift 
Flim'sy, a. weak, slight, spiritless ; mean 
Flinch, v. n. to shrink from pain, &c. 
Flinch'er, s. he who shrinks or fails 
Fling, v. to throw, dart ; scatter ; flounce 
Fling,/, a throw; a contemptuous remark 
Flint, s. a hard kind of pebble 
Flint'y, a. made of flint; inexorable, cruel 
Flip, s. a drink made of beer, spirits, and 

sugar ; a liquor much used in ships 
Flip'pant, a, nimble, pert, talkative 


F O M 

Flip'pantly, ad. in a flippant, pert manner 
Flirt, v. to jeer ; to run about idly, &c. 
Flirt, s. a pert hussey ; a sudden trick 
Flirta'tion, s. a quick, sprightly motion 
Flit, v. n. to fly away; to flutter, to remove 
Flitch, s. the side of a hog salted and cured 
Flit'ter, s. a rag or tatter, garment rent 
Fiix, s. down, fur, soft hair 
Float, /. the cork or quill fastened to a fish- 
ing line ; la/ge pieces of timber fastened 
together to convey goods with the stream ; 
the act of flowing 
Float, v. n. to swim on the surface of water 
Flock, s. a company of birds, sheep, &c. 
Flock, v. n. to assemble in crowds 
Flog, v. a. to whip or scourge, to chastise 
Flood, s. an inundation, a deluge; influx of 

the tide ; a body of water ; the sea 
Flood, v. a. to deluge, to cover with waters 
Fiood'gate, /. a gate to stop, or let out water 
Flood'mark, s. a mark left by the flood 
Flook. See Fluke 

Floor, s. the bottom of a room ; a story 
Flop, v. a. to clap the wings with noise 
Flo'ral, a. relating to Flora, or to flowers 
Florid, a. flushed with red, blooming, rosy 
Flor'idness, s. freshness of colour ; elegance 
Florin, s. a coin of different value ; in Ger- 
many 2s. 4d. in Spain 4s. 4d. halfpenny, in 
Palermo and Sicily 2s. <5d. and in Holiand2s. 
Flo'rist, s. one who cultivates flowers 
Flos'culous,<2. composed or formed of flowers 
Flo'ta, Flotii'la, s. the Spanish fleet that sails 

annually from the West Indies 
Flot'son, s. goods casually drifting on the sea j 
Flounce, v. to move with violence in water ; ] 

to be in anger ; to deck with flounces 
Flounce, s. a loose, full trimming sewed to j 

women's apparel, so as to swell and shake 
Flound'er, v. n. to struggle with violent and 

irregular motion; to plunge in water 
Flound'er, s. a small flat river fish 
Flour, s. the fine part of ground wheat 
Flour'ish, v. to thrive ; brag, boast ; adorn 
Flour'ish, s. bravery ; ostentatious embellish- 
ment ; a short musical overture 
Flout, v. to mock, insult, practise mockery 
Flow, v. to run as water; to overflow 
Flow, s. the rise of water, not the ebb 
Flow'er, /. the blossom of a plant, the prime 
Flow'er, v. n. to be in flower, to blossom 
Flow'eret, Flow'ret, s. a small flower 
Flow'ery, a. adorned with flowers 
Flow'ingly, ad. with plenty ; with volubility 
Flown, part, of to flee, gone away ; elate 
Fluctuant, a. wavering, uncertain 
Fluctuate, v. n. to be irresolute or uncertain 
Fluctuation, s. uncertainty, indeterrnination 
Flue, s. soft down or fur; pipe of a chimney 
Flu'ency, ;. volubility, copiousness of speech 

Flu'ent, a. eloquent, flowing ; liquid 
Flu'ently, ad. flcwingly; volubly; copiously 
Flu'id, 3. any animal juice ; a liquid 
Flu'id, a. running as water, not solid 
Fluidity, s. the quality of flowing easily 
Fluke, s. the broad part or arm of an anchor 
Flum'mery , s . a food made of flour, wheat,&c. 
Flung, part, and pret. of to fling 
Flu'or, s. a fluid state ; catamenia 
Flur'ry,^. flutter of spirits ; gust of wind 
Flush, v. a. to colour ; to redden ; to elate 
Flush, s. violent flow ; cards all of a suit 
Flush'ed, pari, elated, encouraged ; heated 
Flus'ter, v. a. to put in confusion, &c. 
Flute, s. a musical pipe ; a channel or furrow 

cut in columns or pillars 
Flu'ting, *. fluted work on a pillar, &c. 
Flut'ter, v. to fly with agitation of the wing3 
Flut'ter, s. hurry, tumult ; disorder of mind 
Flux, s. the tide or flowing of the sea; a 

dysentery ; concourse ; confluence 
Fiux'ion, s. act. of flowing, matter that flows 
Fly, v. to move with wings ; to run away, t& 

shun ; to spring suddenly; break, shiver 
Fty, s. a winged insect ; balance of a jack 
Fly'blow, v. a. to All with maggots 
Fly'flsh, •v.n.X.o angle with a fly upon a hodk 
Foal, v. a. to bring forth a foal 
Foal, 1. the offspring of a mare, &c 
Foam, v. n. to froth, to be violently agitated 
Foam, s. froth, spume 
Foam'y,a. covered with foam, frothy 
Fob, s. a small pocket for a watch, &c. 
Fob, v. a. to cheat, to trick, to defraud 
Fo'cal, a. belonging to a focus 
Fo'cus , s. the place where rays meet 
Fod'der, s . dry food for cattle...^, a. to feed 
Foe, s. an enemy, a persecutor, an opponent 
Fce'tus, ;. a child in the womb 
Fog, s. thick mist, moist vapour; aftergrass 
Fog'gy, a. misty, cloudy, dark, dull 
Foi ; ble, s. a weakness, a failing 
Foil, v. a. to defeat, to put to the worst 
Foil,;, a defeat; a blunt sword used in fen- 
cing ; a glittering substance 
Fois'on, s. plenty, abundance 
Foist, v. a. to insert by forgery ; to cram in 
Foist'y, a. fusty, mouldy, smelling bad 
Fold, s. a pen for sheep ; a double or plait 
Fold, v. to double up ; to enclose, to shut 
Fo'liage, s. the leaves, or tufts of trees 
Fo ; liate, a. leaved, or having leaves 
Folio, s. a large book, cf which the pages are 

formed by a sheet of paper once doubled 
Folk, s. people, nations, mankind 
Fol'low, v. to go after, to attend, to obey 
Follower, s. an attendant, a dependant 
Folly, s. foolishness, simplicity, weakness 
Fome'nt,t>. a. to cherish with heat ; to bathe 
with lotions ; to encourage, to abet 




Fomentation,/, the application of hot flannels 
to any part, dipped in medicated decoctions 
Fond, a. tender; indiscreet, foolish, silly 
Fond, Fon'dle,?;. to caress, to be fond of 
Fond'iing, s. one much caressed or doated on 
Fond'ly, ad. with extreme tenderness 
Fond'ness, ;. foolishness, tender passion 
Font, /. a baptismal bason 
Font'anel, s. an issue, a place of discharge 
Fonta'nge, s. a knot or ornament of ribbons 

on the top of the head-dress 
Food, j. victuals ; any thing that nourishes 
Fool, s. a natural, an idiot ; a buffoon 
Fool, v. to trifle, to toy ; deceive, disappoint 
Fool'ed, part, treated as a fool ; cheated 
Fool'ery, s. habitual folly ; an act of folly 
Fooi'hardy, a. madly adventurous ; daring 
Fool'ish, a. weak of intellect, imprudent 
Fool'ishness, s. silliness, want of reason 
Foot, /. that on which any animal or thing 

stands ; a measure of 12 inches 
Foot, v. to dance, to walk, to tread ; spurn 
Foofball, s. a bladder in a leathern case, &c. 
Foofboy, s. a menial, an attendant in livery 
Foot'ed, a. shaped in the foot, danced 
Footing, s. ground for the foot; foundation, 
basis ; tread, dance ; entrance ; condition 
Foot'man, /. a low servant in livery ; a stand 
Foot'pad, s. a highwayman that robs on foot 
Foot/path, s. a narrow way for passengers 
FooVstep, s. a trace, a track, a mark of a foot 
Foot'stool, f . a stool to put the feet on 
Fop, s. a vain fellow, a coxcomb, a simpleton 
Fop'pery, s. folly, affectation of show 
Fop'pish, a. affected, foolish, idle, vain 
Fop'pishness, s. over nicety, vain affectation 
For'age, t. provisions in general 
For'age, v. to wander in search of provisions ; 

to ravage, to feed on spoil, to plunder 
Forasmu'ch, con. whereas, because, since 
Forbe'ar, v. to pause, to abstain, to intermit 
Forbear'ance, s. lenity, command of temper 
Forbi y d, v. to prohibit, to interdict, to oppose 
Forbid'ding,p^rf. a. raising abhorrence, caus- 
ing aversion ; austere, imperious 
Force, /. strength, violence ; an armament 
Force,**;, to compel ; to violate ; to urge 
For'ceps, s. a surgical instrument 
For'cible, a. strong, impetuous, powerful 
For'cibly, ad. powerfully, impetuously 
Ford,/, the shallot part of a river ; the current 
Ford, v. a. to pass a river without swimming 
Ford'able, a. passable without swimming 
Ford'ed, part, passed without swimming 
Fore, a. anterior...rtd. before 
Forebo'de,*;. n. to foretel, to prognosticate 
Fo'recast, v. to scheme, to contrive, to foresee 
Forecast, s. contrivance, antecedent policy 
Forecastle, s. the foredeck of a ship 
Fo'recited, part, quoted or cited before 

Foreclose, t>. a. to shut up ; to preclude 
Fo'redeck, s. the anterior part of a ship 
Foredo', v. a. to ruin ; to overdo, to fatigue 
Foredo'om, v. a. to predestinate, &c. 
Fo'refather, Fo'regoer, s. an ancestor 
Forefe'nd, v. a. to hinder, to avert ; to secure 
Fo'refront, s. the front; the forehead 
Forego', v. a. to resign ; to go before ; to lose 
Foreground, s. that part of the ground of a 
picture which seems to lie before the figures 
Fo'rehand, s. the part of a horse which is be- 
fore the rider...«. done too soon 
Fo'rehead, /. the upper part of the face 
For'eign, a. not domestic ; alien; foreign to 

the matter in question ; extraneous 
For'eigner, s. one of another country 
Foreju'dge,z>.a .to be prepossessed, to prejudge 
Forekno'w, v. a. to know previously 
Foreknowledge, s. prescience, knowledge of 

that which has net yet happened 
Fo'reland,/. a promontory, a headland, a cape 
Fo'relay, v. a. to lay wait for, to entrap 
Fo'relock, /. ths hair on the forehead 
Fo'reman, s. the first or chief person 
Fo'remast, s. the first or head mast of a ship 
Foremen'tioned, a. mentioned before 
Fo'remost, a. first in place, first in dignity 
Fo'renamed, a. nominated before 
Fo'renoon, s. the time before mid-day 
Foren'sic, a. belonging to courts of judicature 
Foreordain, v. a. to ordain beforehand 
Fo'repart, /. the anterior part 
Fo'rerank, /. the first rank , the front 
Forere'ach, v. n. to sail faster, to get first 
Foreru'n, v. a. to come before, to precede 
Forerun'ner, s. an harbinger, one sent before^ 

a messenger ; a prognostic, a presage 
Foresa'y, <v. a. to predict, to prophesy 
Forese'e, v. a. to see beforehand, to foreknow 
Foresho'w, v. a. to discover before it happens, 

to prognosticate, to predict 
Fo'resight, s. foreknowledge, penetration 
For'est, s. a woody, untitled tract of ground 
Foresta'l, v. a. to buy up goods or cattle before 
they come to market, in order to sell them 
at an advanced price ; to anticipate 
Forestal'ler, s. one who forestals the market 
For'ester, s. a keeper of a forest 
Foreta'ste, s. a taste before, anticipation of 
Forete'l, v. to utter, to prophesy, to predict 
Forethi'nk, v. a. to anticipate in the mind 
Fo'rethought, s. prescience, anticipation ; 

provident care, caution 
Foreto'ken, v. a. to foreshow...;, sign, omen 
Fo'retop, s. the front of a- peruke, &c. 
Forewa'rnj-y. a. to admonish, caution against 
Forewarning, s. caution given beforehand 
Forewi'sh, v. a. to desire beforehand 
For'feit, s. a penalty, a fine for an offence 
Forfeiture, s. act of forfeiting ; a fine, a mulct 



F R A 

Forfe'nd, v. a. to prevent, to forbid 

Forge, s. a fire or place in which metals are 

made malleable; a furnace 
Forge, v, a. to form by the hammer ; to coun- 
terfeit, to falsify, to invent 
For'gery, s. the crime of falsification 
Forge't, v. a. to lose memory of, to neglect 
Forget'ful, a. inattentive, apt to forget 
Forget'f ulness, s. loss of memory ; negleft 
Forgi've, v. a. to pardon, to remit, to excuse 
Forgiv'en, pari, pardoned, abated 
Forgive'ness, s. the aft of forgiving; pardon 
Forgo't, Forgot'ten, part, not remembered 
Fork, v. n. to shoot into blades or branches 
Fork, s. an instrument with two or more 

prongs for various domestic or other uses 
Fork'ed, Fork'y,a. opening into two or more 

parts, like the prongs of a fork 
Forlo'rn, a. deserted, helpless, lost,desperate 
Forly'e, v. n. to lie across or athwart 
Form, s. shape, figure; beauty ; order ; emp- 
ty show, ceremony; a class ; a bench 
Form, v. a. to fashion, to model, to arrange 
Formal, «. ceremonious, affefted, methodical 
For'malist, /. a lover of formality 
Formality, s. ceremony, preciseness 
For'mally, ad. according to rule, precisely 
Formation, /. the aft of forming, &c. 
For'mative, a. having the power of forming 
For'mer, a. before another in time ; past 
Formerly, ad. in time past 
Formidable, a. terrible, dreadful, terrific 
Formidably, ad. dreadfully tremendously 
Form'less, a. having no form, shapeless 
Form'ula, ;. a prescribed rule or pattern 
Form'ulary, s. a book of stated models, &c. 
For'nicate, v. n. to commit lewdness 
Fornica'tion, s concubiuage, unchastity be- 
tween singlepersons ; the crime of idolatry 
For'nicator, s. one that has commerce with 

unmarried women ; an idolater 
Fornicatress, j. a woman who without mar- 
riage cohabits with a man 
Forsa'ke, v. a. to leave, to desert, to negleft 
Forsa'ken, part, neglected, deserted 
For so' ok, part, of to forsake 
Forsoo'th, ad. in truth, certainly, very well 
Forswea'r, v. to renounce upon oath, to swear 

falsely, to commit perjury 
Fort, s. a fortified house, a castle 
Fort'ed, a. guarded by, or having forts 
Forth, ad. forward, abroad, out of doors 
Forthcoming, part, ready to appear 
Forthri'ght, ad. straight forward, directly 
Forthwi'th, ad. immediately, without delay 
For'tieth, a. the tenth taken four times 
Fortification, s. the science of military archi- 
tecture ; a place built for strength 
For'tify, v. a. to strengthen, to encourage 
Fort'ilage, Fort'ui} Fort'let, s. a little fort 

Fortitude, s. courage, bravery ; strength, force 
Fort'night, s. the space of two weeks 
Fort'ress, s. a strong hold, a fortified place 
Fortuitous, a. accidental, casual 
For'tunate, a. happy, lucky, successful 
Fortunately, ad. happily, prosperously 
Fortune, s. the good or ill that befalls man- 
kind ; chance ; estate, portion ; futurity 
For'tune-hunter, s. a man who endeavours to 

marry a woman only for her fortune 
Fortuneteller, s. one who imposes on people 

by a pretended knowledge of futurity 
For'ty, a. four times ten 
Forward, a. warm, ardent, eager; anterior; 

bold, confident ; early ripe 
For'ward, i;.<2. to hasten, accelerate, patronize 
Forwardly, ad. eagerly, hastily, readily 
Forwardness, s., eagerness ; immodesty 
Fosse, s. a ditch, moat, or entrenchment 
Fos'sil, s. a mineral...^, what is dug up 
Foss'road, Foss'way, s. a Roman road 
Fos'ter, v. a. to nurse, to cherish, to bring up 
Fos'terage, s. the office of nursing 
Fos'terbrother, s. one bred at the same breast 
Fos'terchild, s. a child brought up by those 

that are not its natural parents 
Fos tered, part, nouiished, cherished 
Fought, pret. and part, of to Jight 
Foul, a. not clean, impure ; wicked ; ugly 
Foul , v. a. to daub, to dirty, to make foul 
Foul'faced, a. having an ugly, hateful face 
Foully, ad. filthily, nastily, odiously 
Fcul'mouthed, a. using scurrilous language 
Foul'ness, s. nastiness, ugliness, odiousness 
Found, pret. and part. pass, of to find 
Found, v. a. to build, establish; cast metals 
Foundation, *. the basis of an edifice; the 

first principles or grounds ; establishment 
Found'er, s. a builder, anestablisher; a caster 
Found'er, v. to grow lame ; sink to the bottom 
Found'ery, Found'ry, s. a casting house 
Found'ling, ;.a deserted infant 
Fount, Fount'ain, s. a spring,a spout of water 
Fount'ful, a. full of springs 
Fourfold, a. four times as many 
Four'fboted, a. quadruped 
Foursco're, a. four times twenty ; eighty 
Fourte'en, a. four and ten 
Fowl, s. a winged animal ; a bird 
Fow'ler, s. a sportsman, a bird-catcher 
Fowl'ingpiece, s. a gun for shooting birds 
Fox, s. a beast of chase of the canine kind"; 

remarkable for his cunning ; a knave 
Fox'case, s. the skin of a fox 
Fox'chase, s. pursuit of a fox with hounds 
Fox'hunter, s. one who hunts foxes 
Fox'trap, s. a gin or snare to catch foxes 
Fract, v. a. to break, to violate, to infringe 
Frac'tion, s. the act of breaking; dissension, 

strife ; a broken part of ao integral 

F R E 


F R 1 

Fractional, a. belonging to a fraction 
Frac'tious, a. cross, peevish, quarrelsome 
Frac'ture, v a. to break a bone...*, a breach; 

separation of continuous parts 
Fra'gile, a. brittle, easily broken, weak 
Fragility, j. brittleness, weakness, frailty 
Frag'ment, s. an imperfect piece, a part 
Frag'mentary, a. composed of fragments 
Fra'grance, Fra'grancy, s. sweetness of smell, 

grateful odour, pleasing scent 
Fra'grant, a. odorous, sweet of smell 
Frail, a. weak, feeble, liable to error 
Frail, s. a basket made of rushes ; a rush 
Frail'ty, s. weakness, instability of mind 
Frame, v. a. to form, to fabricate, to com- 
pose ; to regulate ; to contrive, plan,invent 
Frame, s. any thing made so as to enclose or 
admit something else ; regularity, order ; 
contrivance, construction ; shape, form 
Franchise, v. a. to make free...*, an exemp- 
tion, privilege, immunity ; a district 
Fran'gible, a. easily broken, fragile, brittle 
Fra'nion, s. a paramour; a boon companion 
Frank, a. liberal, ingenuous, unreserved 
Frank, s. a free letter; a French coin 
Frank, if, a. to exempt from payment 
Frank'incense, s. an odoriferous drug 
Frank'ly, ad. freely, plainly, without reserve 
Frank'ness, s. open heartedness, liberality 
Frant'ic, a. mad, distracted, transported 
Frater'nal, a. brotherly, becoming brothers 
Frater'nity, s. a corporation, a society 
Frat'ricide, s. the murder of a brother 
Fraud, s. deceit, trick, artifice, cheat 
Fraud'ulence, Fraud'ulency, s. deceitfulness, 

trickishness, proneness to artifice 
Fraudulent, Fraud'fui, a. full of artifice, de- 
ceitful, trickish, subtle 
Fraudulently, ad. by fraud, treacherously 
Fraught, jr. a freight, a car go. ..part, laden 
Fray , s. a duel, a quarrel, a battle ; a defect 
Fray 'ed, part, worn by rubbing; terrified 
Freak, s. a sudden fancy, a whim, a humour 
Freak'ish, a. capricious, humoursome 
Freck'Ie, s. a spot in the skin...-v. n. to spot 
Freck'led. a. full of spots or freckles 
Free, a. at liberty ; licentious ; liberal, frank 
Free'booler, s.z robber, a plunderer 
Free'born, a. inheriting liberty 
Free'cost, s. without charge or expense 
Free'dorn, s. liberty, privilege, unrestraint 
Freeheart'ed, a. liberal, generous, kind 
Free'hoid, s land held in perpetual right 
Freeholder, s. one who has a freehold 
Free'Xy, ad. at liberty; lavishly ; spontaneously 
Free'man, s. one' not a slave ; one entitled to 

particular rights, privileges, &c. 
Free'minded, a. unconstrained, without cave 
Free'ness, s. ingenuousness, liberality 
Freespo'ken,«. speaking without reserve 

Free'stone, s. a stone so called, because it may 

be cut in any direction, having no grain 
Freethinker, /. a contemner of religion. 
Freeze, v. n. to be congealed with cold 
Freight, s. the lading of a ship ; the money 

due for transportation of goods 
French, a. of or belonging to France 
Fren'etic, a. mad, distracted, frantic 
Fren'zy, a. madness, distraction of mind 
Fre'quency, s. condition of being often seen 

or done; usualness; a full assembly 
Fre'quent, a. often done, seen, or occurring 
Freque'nt, v. a. to visit often, to resort to 
Frequently, ad. repeatedly, not rarely 
Fresc'o, s. coolness, shade, duskiness 
Fresh, a. cool ; not salt ; not stale ; recent, 

new ; florid, vigorous, brisk ; not vapid 
Fresh'en, u. to make or grow fresh 
Fresh'et, /. a pool of fresh water 
Fresh'] y, ad. coolly ; newly; ruddily 
Fresh/ness, s. newness; spirit, bloom 
Fret, s. agitation or commotion of the mind; 

agitation of liquors by fermentation 
Fret, v. to rub, wear away; to vex ; to corrode 
Fret'ful, a. angry, peevish, dissatisfied 
Fret'fulness, /. peevishness, passion 
Fret'work, s. raised work in masonry 
Fri'able, a. easily reduced to powder 
Fri'ar, s. a religious brother of some order 
Fri'arlike, Fri'arly, Fri'ary, a. unskilled in 

the world ; monastic, recluse 
Fri'ary, s. a monastery or convent of friars 
Frib'ble, s. a fop, a trifler, a coxcomb 
Fricasse'e, s. a dish of chickens, &c. cut small 

and dressed with strong sauce 
Fric'tion, s. the act of rubbing bodies together 
Fri'day, s. the sixth day of the week 
Friend, s. an intimate, a confidant, a favourer 
Friend'ed, part, befriended, aided, assisted 
Friend'less, a. without friends, forlorn 
Friend'liness, s.a disposition to friendship or 

benevolence ; kind behaviour 
Friendly, a. kind, favourable, salutary 
Friendship, s. highest degree of intimacy : 
favour; personal kindness ; assistance, help 
Frieze, Frize, s. a warm coarse kind of cloth ; 

a term in ornamental architecture 
Frig'ate, s. a small ship of war 
Fright, i. a sudden terror, a panic 
Fright, Fright'en, v. a. to terrify, to daunt 
Fright'ful, a. causing fright, dreadful 
Fright'fully, ad. terribly, horridly, dreadfully 
Fri'gid, a. cold, impotent, dull, unmoved 
Frigid'ity, s. coldness, dulness 
Fri'gidly, ad. coldly, dully, unfeelingly 
Frigorif'ic, a. causing or producing cold 
Frill, v. n. to quake.../, a kind of ruffle 
Fringe, s. ornamental trimming...i>.« .to trim 
Frip'pery, s. old clothes, tattered rags ; paltry 
ridiculous finery ; dresses vamped up 

F R U 



Frisk, v. n. to leap, to skip, to dance 
Frisk'iness, s. gaiety, liveliness 
Frisk'y, a. gay, airy, frolicsome, wanton 
Frit, s . ashes or salt to make gla3S with 
Frith, s. a strait of the sea ; a kind of net 
Frit'ter, v. a. to crumble away in small par- 
ticles...*, a small pancake 
Frit'tered, part, divided into small pieces 
Friv'olous, a. slight, trifling, of no moment 
Friv'olously, ad. vainly, insignificantly 
Friz'zle, v. a. to turl in short curls 
Fro, ad. contraction of from^ to and fro 
Frock, s. a dress ; a coat ; a gown for children 
Frog, s. a small amphibious animal 
Frol'ic, s. a wild prank, a flight of whim... 

v. n. to play pranks, to be merry 
Frol'ic, Frol'icsome, a. gay. jocund, wild 
From, pr. away ; out of ; noting privation 
Front, s. the face, the forehead ; fore part of 

any thing ; van of an army 
Front, v. to stand foremost, to be opposite to 
Front'ed, part, formed with a front 
Frontier, ;. a limit, a verge of territory 
Frontinia'c, s. a luscious French wine 
Front'ispiece, ,-. an engraving to face the title 

page of a book ; that part of any thing that 

directly meets the eye 
Front'less, a. without shame, impudent 
Front'let, s. a bandage worn on the forehead 
Frost, s. the power or act of congelation ; the 

effect of cold producing ice 
Frostbit'ten, part, nipped or withered by frost 
Frost'ed, a. made in imitation of frost 
Frost'y, a. excessively cold, hoary 
Froth, s. foam ; empty show of words, &c. 
Froth'iness, s. lightness, emptiness, vanity 
Froth'y, a. full of foam ; empty, trifling 
Frouz'y, a. fetid, strong, musty; dim 
Frow'ard, a. peevish, ungovernable, angry 
Frow'ardly, ad peevishly, perversely 
Frown,;, a wrinkled look ; look of displeasure 
Frown, v n. to knit the brows 
Fro'zen, part. pass, of to freeze 
Fructiferous, a. bearing fruit 
Fruc'tify, v. a. to make fruitful, to fertilize 
Fruc'tuous,rt. fruitful, fertile 
Fru'gal, a. thrifty, sparing, parsimonious 
Frugality, s . thrift, good husbandry 
Fru'gally, ad. sparingly, parsimoniously 
Fruit, s. the produce of the earth, trees, and 

plants ; the offspring of the womb 
Fruit'age, s. fruit collectively ; various fruits 
Fruifbearing, part, producing fruit 
Fruit'erer, s. one who trades in fruit 
Fruit'ery, s. a fruitloft ; fruit collectively 
Fruit'ful, a. fertile, prolific, plenteous 
Fruitfully, ad. abundantly, plenteously 
Fruit'ful ness, s. fertility, plentiful production 
Frui'tion, s. enjoyment, possession 
Fru'itive,#. enjoying; possessing 

Fruitless, a. barren, unprofitable, idle 
Fruitlessly, ad. vainly, unprofitably 
Fruit'loft, s. a loft to preserve fruit in 
Fruit'tree, s. a tree that produces fruit 
Frumenta'cious, a. made of grain 
Frumenta'rious, a. pertaining to corn 
Fru'menty,/ food made of wheat boiled in 

milk, and sweetened 
Frump, v. a. to mock, to brow beat 
Frush, v. a. to break, bruise, or crush 
Frustraneous, a. useless, unprofitable 
Frustrate, a. vain, ineffectual, void 
Frustrate, v. a. to disappoint, to defeat 
Frustration, s. disappointment, defeat 
Fry, s. a swarm of little fishes, &c. 
Fry, v. a. to dress food in a frying-pan 
Fub, v. a. to put off, to delay by false pretences 
Fu'cus, s. a paint, &c. for the face 
Fud'dle, v. to tipple, to make drunk 
Fu'el, s the matter or aliment of fire 
Fuga'ciousness, /. volatility, uncertainty 
Fu'gitive, a. unsteady, volatile, flying 
Fu'gitive, s. a runaway, a deserter 
Fu'gitiveness, s. instability, volatility 
Ful'ciment, s. a prop, an underset, a stay 
Fulfi'l, v. a. to accomplish, to perform 
Fulfra'ught, a. fully or completely stored 
Ful'gent, Ful'gid, a. shining, glittering 
Fuli'ginous, a. sooty, smoky 
Fu'limart, s. a kind of stinking ferret 
Full, a. replete, stored, saturated, perfect 
Full, s. complete measure ; the total 
Full, ad. without abatement ; exactly 
Fullblo'wn, Fullsprea'd, a. spread to the ut- 
most extent, fully expanded 
Fullbot'tomed, a. having a large bottom 
Ful'ler, s. one who cleans or whitens cloth 
Ful'lers '-earth, s. a soft, unctuous marl, used 

by fullers for cleaning cloth, &c. 
Fulley'ed, a. having large prominent eyes 
Fullfe'd, a. sated, fat, plump 
Ful'ly, ad. completely, without vacuity 
Ful'minant, a. thundering very loud 
Ful'migate, v. to thunder, to make a loud 
noise ; to issue out ecclesiastical censures 
Fulmina'tion, s. the act of thundering, &c. 
Ful'ness, s. completeness, satiety, plenty 
Fiil'some, a. nauseous, rank, offensive 
Fuma'do, s. a smoked or dried fish 
Fum'ble, v.n. to attempt any thing awkwardly 
Fumb'ler, s. an awkward person 
Fume, s. smoke, vapour ; rage, conceit 
Fume, v. n. to smoke, to be in a rage 
Fu'mid, a. smoky, vaporous 
Fu'migate, v. a. to smoke, to perfume 
Fumiga'tion, s. a scent raised by fire 
Fu'mingly, ad. angrily, in a rage 
Fu'mous, Fu'my, a. producing fumes 
Fun, s. sport, high merriment 
Function, s, an employment, an occupation 




Fund, s. a repository of public money 
Fundament, s. the hinder part or breech 
Fundament'al, a. serving for the foundation; 

essential ; not merely accidental 
Fundamentally, ad. essentially, originally 
Fu'neral, s. the solemnization of a burial 
Fu'neral, a. used on interring the dead 
Fune'real, a. suiting a funeral ; dismal, dark 
Fun'gous, a. spongy, excrescent 
Funic'ular, a. consisting of small fibres 
Fun'nel, s. a vessel for pouring liquor into a 

bottle ; the hollow of a chimney 
Fun'ny, a. merry, laughable, comical 
Fur, s. the soft hairy skins of several beasts ; 
a substance sticking to the sides of vessels 
Fura'city, s. a disposition to theft 
Fur'below, s. fur, or other ornamental trim- 
ming, on the lower part of a garment 
Fur'bish, v. a. to burnish, to polish 
Fu'rious, a. mad, raging, violent, passionate 
Fu'riously, ad. madly, violently, vehemently 
Furl, v. a. to draw up, to contact 
Fur'long, ;. eighth part of a mile ; ZIO yards 
Fur'lough, s. a temporary leave of absence 

from military service 
Fur'menty, s. wheat boiled in milk 
Fur'nace, s. an enclosed fireplace 
Fur'nish, v. a. to supply, to equip, to decorate 
Fur'niture, s. goods put into a house for use 

or ornament ; equipage ; appendages 
Fur'rier, s. a dealer in furs 

Fur'row, s. any long trench or hollow 
Fur'ry, a. covered with or made of fur 
Fur'ther, ad. to a greater distance 
Fur'ther, v. a. to forward, to promote,to assist 
Furthermore, ad. moreover, besides 
Furthermost, Fur'thest, a. the most distant 
Fu'ry, s. madness, passion, frenzy, rage 
Furze, s. a prickly shrub, used for fuel ; gorse 
i Fur'zy, a. overgrown with furze 
| Fuse, v. to melt, put into fusion, be melted 
Fuse'e, s. a kind of light, neat musket, pro- 
perly spelt fusil ; part of a watch on which 
the chain is wound ; a wooden pipe filled 
with wildfire, and put into the touch-hole 
of a bomb, to cause the explosion 
Fu'sible, Fu'sil, a. capable of being melted 
Fusili'er, j. a soldier armed with a fusil 
Fu'sion, s. the state of being melted 
Fuss, s. a bustle, a tumult, a noise, a hurry 
Fus'tian,/. a kind of cloth made of linen and 

cotton ; a bombast style 
Fustila'rian, s. a low fellow, a scoundrel 
Fus'tiness, s. mustiness, mouldiness 
Fus'ty, a. ill smelling, mouldy, musty 
Fu'tile, a. talkative, trifling, worthless 
Futil'ity, i. loquacity, silliness, vanity 
Fu'ture, a. that which is to come hereafter 
Fu'ture, Futu'rity, s. the time to come 
Fuzz, v. n. to fly out in small particles 
Fy,or Fie, inter, a word of blame or censure 


G^ IS used as an abbreviation of gratia, as 
g" e. g. exempli gratia, for example ; 

Dei gratia, by the grace of God ; G. R. 

Georgius Rex, &c. 
Gab'ardine, s. a coarse frock 
Gab'ble, v. n. to prate loudly and noisily 
Gab'ble, s. loud talk without meaning 
Gab'bler, s. a prater, a chattering fellow 
Gabe'l, s. an excise, a tax 
Ga'bion, s. a wicker basket filled with earth, 

and placed upon the bastions 
Ga'ble, /. the sloping roof of a building 
Gad, s. an ingot of steel ; a still ; a graver 
Gad, v. n. to ramble about without business 
Gad'der, /. one that gads or runs abroad 
Gad'fly, s. the breeze fly that stings cattle 
Gaff, s. a harpoon, or large hook 
Gaffer, s. an old country word for master 
Gaf'fles, s. artificial spurs upon cocks 
Ga g,v.n. to stop the mouth 
Gag, j. something applied to hinder speech 
Gage, s. a pledge, a caution, a pawn 

Gage, v. a. to wager, to impawn ; to measure 
Gag'gle, v. n. to make a noise like a goose 
Gai'ly, ad. cheerfully, airily, splendidly 
Gain, s. profit, advantage, interest 
Gain, v. to obtain, to procure, to 
Gain'er, s. one who receives advantage 
Gain'ful, a. advantageous, lucrative 
Gain'ly, ad. handily, readily 
Gain'say, v. a. to contradict, to controvert 
Gainsta'nd, v. a. to withstand, to oppose 
Gair'ish, a. gaudy, splendid, fine, flighty 
Gair'ishness, s. finery, extravagant joy 
Gait, s. manner and air of walking 
Ga'la, s. a grand festivity or procession 
Gal'angal, s. an Indian medicinal root 
Gal'axy,*. along, luminous tract, composed of 

an infinite number of stars ; the milky way 
Gal'banum, s. a strong scented gum or resin 
Gale, s. a wind not tempestuous, yet stronger 

than a breeze 
Gal'eas,*.a low built vessel, with oars and sails 
Gal'eated, a. covered as with a helmet 


G A U 

Gal'iot, s. asmall galley, or sort of brigantine 
Gall, s. bile ; malignity, rancour, anger 
Gall, v. a. to rub off the skin ; to teaze, harass 
Gal'lant, a. gay, brave, fine, specious 
Galla'nt, s. a gay, sprightly man ; a lover 
Gallantly, ad. bravely, nobly, generously 
Gal'iantry, t. bravery ; splendour ; courtship 
G&ll'ed, part, hurt, fretted, vexed 
Galleo'n, s. a iarge Spanish ship, usually em- 
ployed in bringing treasure from America 
Gallery, s. a passage leading to several apart- 
ments ; a balcony round a building 
Gal'ley, s. a small vessel both for sails and oars 
-Galley-slave, x. a person condemned for some 

crime to row in the gallies 
GaMiard, s- a gay, brisk man; a lively dance 
Gal'iicism, s. a mode of speaking after the 

manner of the French; a French idiom 
Galligas'kins, s. large, open hose 
Gallimaufry, s. a hotch-potch, a medley 
Gal'lipot, s. a pot painted and glazed 
Gal'ion, s. a measure of four quarts 
Gal'lop, i). n. to move by leaps, or very fast 
Gai'lop, s. a horse's full or swiftest speed 
Gal'low, v. a. to terrify, to fright 
Galloway, s. a horse not more than 14 hands 

high, much used in the north 
Gal'iows, j. a tree for executing malefactors 
Gamba'dos, s. spatterdashes ; a kind of boots 

fixed to a saddle instead of stirrups 
Gairi'bler, s. a cheating gamester 
Gam'bol, s. a skip, a frolic, a wild prank 
Gam'bol, v. n. to dance, to skip, to leap 
Gam'brel, s. the leg of a horse 
Game, s. sport of any kind ; insolent merri- 
ment; mockery; animals pursued in the 
field ; contests exhibited to the people 
Game, v. n. to play extravagantly for money 
Ga'mecock, s. a cock bred to fight 
Ga'mekeeper, ;. one who looks after game, 

and prevents it from being destroyed 
Ga'mesorae, a. frolicsome, sportive, gay 
Ga'mester, s. one viciously addicted to play 
Gam'mer, s. a country appellation for mis- 
tress, mother, &c. corresponding to gaffer 
Gam'mon, s. the thigh of a hog salted and 

dried ; a kind ef play with dice 
Gam'ut, j. the scale of musical notes 
Gan'der, s. the male of the goose 
Gang, s. a number herding together ; a troop 
Gan'grene, s. a mortification, a putrefaction 
Gan'grenous, a. mortified, putrified 
Gang'way, s. the passage in a ship 
Gant'let, s. a military punishment, in which 
the criminal runs through the whole regi- 
ment, and receives a lash from each soldier 
Gan'za, s. a kind of wild goose 
Gaol, s. a prison, a place of confinement 
Gaol'er, s . the keeper of a prison 
Gap, j. an opening, a breach, an avenue, a hole 

Gape, v. a to yawn; to crave; to stare 
Garb, s. dress, attire, exterior appearance 
Gar'bage, Garfish, s. offals ; the entrails 
Gar'ble, v. a. to sift, to part, to separate 
Gar'boil, s. trouble, disturbance, tumult 
Gar'den, v. n. to cultivate a garden 
Gar'den,j. ground enclosed for fruit,herbs,&c. 
Gar'dener, s. one who attends a garden 
Gardening, jr. the act of planning out and 

cultivating gardens 
Gar'garism, Gar'gle, s. a liquid medicine to 

wash the throat or mouth with 
Gar'gle, v. a. to wash the throat; to warble 
Gar'gol, j. a distemper among hogs 
Garland, s, a wreath of branches or flowers 
Garlic, s. a well-known plant 
Gar'ment, /. any covering for the body 
Gar'ner, s. a granary for threshed corn 
Gar'ner, v.a. to store as in garners 
Gar'net, s. a red gem, of various sizes 
Gar'nish, v. a. to decorate, to embellish 
Gar'nish, Gar'niture, s. embellishment 
Gar'ran , /. a small horse ; a hobby 
Gar'ret, s. the uppermost room of a house 
Garrette'er, s. one that lives hi a garret 
Gar'rison, s. soldiers to defend a castle, &c. 
Gar'rison, v. a. to secure by fortresses, &c 
Garrulity, -f. loquacity, talkativeness 
Gar'rulous, a. prattling, talkative 
Gar'ter, j\ a string or ribband to hold up the 

stocking ; mark of the order of the garter 
Gas, ;. a spirit not capable of coagulation 
Gascona'de, ;.aboast,abravado...i;. n. to brag 
Gash, j. a deep cut or wound 
Gas'kins, s. wide hose or breeches 
Gasp, s. catch of breath in the last agonies 
Gasp, v. n. to pant for breath 
Gate, i. a large door, an opening, an avenue 
Ga'ther, v. to collect, pick up, assemble ; to 

crop ; to pucker ; to fester ; to thicken 
Gath'ers, s. plaits in a garment, &c 
Gath'erer, s. one who gathers ; a collector 
Gath'ering, s. a collection ; a tumour 
Gaude, Gaud'ery, s. an ornament, finery 
Gaude, v. n. to exult, to rejoice at any thing 
Gaudily, ad. showily, gayly, splendidly 
Gaudlness, s. showiness, tinsel appearance 
Gaud'y, a. showy, splendid, pompous 
Gaud'y, s. a festival in colleges ; a feast 
Gave, pret. of to give 
Gav'elkind, s. an equal division of land 
Gav'eloc, s. an iron bar, a pick javelin 
Gavelocs, s. javelins, warlike instruments 
Gauge, v. a. to measure the contents of a 

vessel...;, a measure, a standard 
Ganger, ;. one who measures quantities 
Gaunt, a. lean, thin, slender, meagre 
Gauntlet, s. an iron glove for defence, &c, 
Gav'ot, /. a kind of brisk dance 
Gauze, t. a thin, transparent silk, &c. 


G H A 

Gawk'y, a. awkward, foolish, rustic 
Gay, a. airy, cheerful, merry, frolicsome 
Gay'ety, or Gai'ety, j. cheerfulness ; pomp 
Gay'ly, or Gai'ly, ad. merrily, showily 
Gaze, v. n. to U»'s earnestly or steadily 
Gaze'tte, s. an authentic newspaper 
Gazette'er, *, a writer of Gazettes, &c . 
Ga'zingstock, ;. one gazed at with scorn 
Ga'zon, s. in fortification, pieces of fresh 

earth covered with grass, cut in form of 

a wedge 
Gear, or Geer, s. furniture, dress, harness 
Gear, v. n. to put harness on horses, &c. 
Geese, i. plural of Goose 
Gel'able, a. what may be congealed 
Gel'atine, Gelat'inous, a. made into a jelly 
Geld, v. a. to cut, to deprive, to castrate 
Geld'er, s. one who performs castration, &c 
Geld'ing, /. a horse that has been gelded 
Gel'id, a. extremely cold, frozen 
Gem, j. a jewel, or precious stone ; first bud 
Gemination, s. repetition, reduplication 
Gem'ini, s. twins ; a sign in the zodiac 
Gem'inous, a. double, twofold 
Gem'mary, a. pertaining to gems or jewels 
Gen'der, s. a sex, a kind, a sort 
Gen'der, v. to beget, to cause, to produce 
Genealo'gical, a. pertaining to pedigrees 
Genealogist, t. one skilled in genealogy 
Geneal'ogy, s. history of family succession 
Gen'eval, a. usual, common, extensive 
Gen'eral, s. one that commands an army 
Generalis'simo, s. a commander in chief 
Generality, s. the main body, the bulk 
Generally, ad. in general, frequently 
Gen'erate, v. a. to beget, to cause, to produce 
Gen'erated, part, caused, produced 
Genera'tion s *■ offspring, progeny, race 
Generative, a fruitful; prolific, productive 
Gener'ical, a. comprehending the genus 
Gener'ically, ad. with regard to the genus 
Generos'ity, Gen'erousness, s. liberality 
Gen'erous, a. liberal, munificent, noble 
Gen'erously, ad. nobly, bountifully, liberally J 
Gen'esis, s. the first book of Moses, which | 

treats of the formation of the world 
Gen'et, t. a small well-made Spanish horse i 
Gene'va, s. the spirit cf juniper 
Ge'nial, a. that gives cheerfulness ; festive; ' 

contributing to propagation, natural 
Ge'niaily, ad. cheerfully, merrily, gayly 
Genic'ulated, a. knotted, jointed 
Ge'nio, .'. a man of peculiar mind 
Genitals, s. the parts belonging to generation 
Gev.'iung, s. an early apple, in June 
Genitive, a. in grammar, one of the cases of 

nouns by which property or possession is 

chiefly implied 
Ge'nius, ;. intellectual power; nature; dis- 

position ; a spirit either good or evil I 

I 2 

Gente'el, a. polite, elegant, graceful, civil 
Genteel'ly, ad. elegantly, gracefully, politely 
Genteei'ness, s- elegance, politeness, grace- 
fulness; qualities befitting a man of rank 
Gen'tian, s. felwort, or baldmony ; a plar.t 
Gen'tile, s. a pagan, a heathen 
Gentile'sse, s. complaisance, civility 
Gen'tilism, s. paganism, heathenism 
Gentil-'ity, s. good extraction; dignity of 

birth; elegance of behaviour ; paganism 
Gen'tle, a. soft, mild, meek ; well born 
Gentle, j. a maggot used in fishing 
Gen'tieman, s. a man of birth, not noble 
Gentlemanlike, a. becoming a gentleman 
Gen'tleness, s. meekness, tenderness 
Gen'tlewoman, s. a woman well descended, 

though not of noble birth 
Gent'ly,tf^. softly, meekly, inoffensively 
Gentry, s. a class of people above the vul- 
gar ; a term of civility 
Genuflection, s. the act of kneeling 
Gen'uine, a. true, ieal, natural, not spurious 
Ge'nus, s. a class of being, comprehending 
under it many species ; as quadruped is a 
genus comprehending under it almost all 
terrestrial beasts 
Geocentric, a. in astronomy, is a planet's 

having the earth for its centre 
Geog'rapher, j. one who describes the earth 

according to its different parts 
Geographical, a. pertaining to geography 
Geog'raphy, s. the knowledge of the earth 
Ge'omancer, s. a fortuneteller 
Ge'omancy,j. the act of foretelling by figures 
Geoman'tic, a. pertaining to geomancy 
Geom'eter, Geometrician, s. one skilled in 

the science of geometry 
Geometrical, a. pertaining to geometry 
Geometrically, ad. according to geometry 
Geom'etry, s. the science cf quantity, exten- 
sion^ magnitude, abstractedly considered 
George, s. an ornament worn by knights of 
the garter, on which is the figure of St. 
George on horseback ; a brown loaf 
Geor'gic, s. a rural poem 
Ger'man, s. a brother, a near relation 
Germe, Ger'min, t. a sprouting seed 
Ger'minate, v. n. to sprout, to shoot, to bud 
Ger'und, .'. a kind of verba! noun 
Gest, s. an action, show, representation 
Gesta'tion, :. the act of bearing young 
Gestic'ulate, v. n. to play antic tricks, &c. 
Gesticula'tion, s. antic tricks ; various pos- 
tures ; too much gesture in speaking 
Ges'ture, s. posture, movement of the body 
Get, v. to obtain, to acquire, to win, to learn 
Gew'gaw, s. a toy, a bauble.../*, trifling 
Ghast'liness, s. frightful aspect, paleness 
Ghast'ly, a. like a ghost, pale, horrible 
Ghast'neas. t, ghastliness, iorror of lock 

G I Z 


G L I 

Gher'kin, s. a small cucumber for pickling 
Ghost, s. the soul of man ; a spirit 
Ghost'ly, a. spiritual, relating to the soul 
GiamTjeux, s. armour for the legs; greaves 
Gi'ant, s. one unnaturally large and tall 
Gi'antlike, Gi'antly, a. gigantic, vast 
Gibbe, u an old worn-out animal 
Gib'berish, s. unintelligible talk ; cant words 
Gib'bet, s. a gallows...?;, n. to hang up 
Gib'bier, s. game, wild fowl 
Gib'bous,fl. convex, crooked-backed 
Gib'cat, s. an old worn out cat 
Gibe, s. a sneer, scoif, word of contempt 
Gib'lets, s. the pinions, gizzard, &c. of agoose 
Gid'dily,arf. unsteadily, heedlessly ,carelessly 
Gid'diness, s. state of being giddy ; incon- 
stancy, wantonness, frolic, unsteadiness 
Gid'dy, a. whirling, heedless, changeful 
Gid'dybrained, a, thoughtless, careless 
Gift, j. a thing given ; power ; a bribe 
Gift'ed, a. endowed with eminent powers 
Gigj s. any thing that is whirled round in 

play; a kind of chaise; a fiddle 
Gigan'tic, a. giantlike, big, enormous, bulky 
Gig'gle, v. n. to laugh idly, to titter 
Gild, v. a. to overlay with gold ; to adorn 
GiWef , s. one who gilds; a coin, from is. 

6d. to 2s. value 
Gilding, j. gold laid on a surface for ornament 
Gill, s. a measure containing a quarter of a 
pint; the apertures at the side of a fish's 
head ; the flesh under the chin ; ground ivy 
Gillyflower, s. the July flower 
Gilt, j. golden show, gold laid on the surface 

of any thing...the participle of to gild 
GJm,Gim'my, a. neat, spruce, smart 
Gim'crack, j. a slight or trivial mechanism 
Gim'let, s. a nail-piercer, or borer 
Gimp, s. a kind of silk twist or lace 
Gin, s. a snare, the spirit drawn from juniper 
Gin'ger, ;. a warm, spicy, Indian root 
Gin'ger-bread, s. a kind of bread made of 

flour, ginger, treacle, &c. &c. 
Gin'gerly, ad. cautiously, nicely, softly 
Gin'gival, a. belonging to the gums 
Gin'gle, t. a shrill, resounding noise 
<?in'gle, v. to make a tinkling noise 
Gip'sy, /. a vagrant who pretends to tell for- 
tunes by palmistry or physiognomy 
Girando'le, s. a branched candlestick 
Gird, v. to bind round, to dress, to reproach 
Gird'er, *. the largest timber on a floor 
Gir'dle, *. any thing tied round the waist 
Girl, s. a female child or young woman 
Gir'lish, a. acting like a girl, youthful 
Girt, Girth, s. a broad belt, by which the sad- 
dle is fixed upon the horse ; a bandage 
Give, v. a. ta bestow, yield, allow, permit 
Giv'er, s. one that gives, a donor, a granter 
Giz'zardj j. the muscalous stomach of a fowl ' 

Gla'cial, a. icy, made of ice, frozen 
Giacia'tion, s. act of freezing, ice formed 
Gla'cis, s. in fortification, a sloping bank 
Glad, a. cheerful, gay, exhilarating 
Glad, Glarf'den,^. a. to ch^er, to make glad 
Glade, .'. a lawn or opening in a wood 
Gladia'tor, s. a prize fighter, a sword-player 
Glad'ly, ad. joyfully, with merriment 
Glad'ness, j-. joy, exultation, cheerfulness 
Glad'some, a. gay, delighted, pleasing 
Glaire, s. the white Gf an egg ; an halbert 
Glaire, v. a. to smear with the white of eggs 
Glance, ;. a snatch of sight, quick view, sud- 
den shoot of light or splendour 
Glance, v. n. to censure by oblique hints 
Gland, s. a part of the human body 
Glandiferous, a. bearing acorns and mast 
Glandulos'ity, s. a collection of glands 
Gland'ulous, a. pertaining to the glands 
Glare,;, overpowering lustre, splendour 
Glare, v. to shine so as to dazzle the eyes 
Gla'ring, 'a. blazing out; barefaced 
Glass, s. an artificial transparent substance 
Glass, a. made of glass, vitreous 
Glass, v. a. to see in a glass ; cover with glass 
Glass'furnace, s. a place for making glass in 
Glass'grinder, s. one who polishes glass 
Glass'house, s. a house where glass is made 
Glass'man, s. one who sells glass 
Glass'metal, s. glass in fusion 
Glass'work, s. manufactory of glass 
Glass'y, a. made of glass, resembling glass 
Glau'cous, a. of a pale green colour 
Glave, s. a broad sword, a falchion 
Glaze, v. a. to furnish or cover with glass 
Gla'zier, s. one who glazes windows 
Gleam, s. a sudden shoot of light ; lustre 
Gleam'ing, a. shining, flashing, darting 
Gleam'y, a. flashing, darting light 
Giean,T> gather any thingthinly scattered 
Glean'er, s. one who gleans after reapers 
Glean'ing, s. the ait of gleaning, the thing 

gleaned or picked up 
Glebe, s. turf, soil ; land possessed as part of 

the revenue of an ecclesiastical benefice 
Glebos'ity, s. fulness of clods, turfiness 
Gle'bous, Gle'by, a. turfy, cloddy 
Glee, s. joy, merriment, gaiety, cheerfulness 
Glee'ful, a, gay, merry, cheerful 
Gleek, s. music ; a musician...?;, a. to sneer 
Gleen, v. n. to shine with heat or polish 
Gleet, s. a thin matter issuing from ulcers 
Glen, s. a valley, a dale 
Glib, a. smooth, voluble, slippery 
Glib'ly, ad. smoothly, volubly 
Glib'ness, s. smoothness, slipperiness 
Glide, v. n. to flow gently, to move smoothly 
Glike, s. a sneer, a scoff, a flout 
Glim'mer, v. n. to shine or appear faintly 
Glim'meringjj. a weak, faint light 

G O 


G O R 

Glimpse, s. a faint tight ; a short view 
G'.is'ten, v.n. to shine, to sparkle with light 
Glitter, ■«. n. to shine, gleam ; to be specious 
Glit'ter, Glittering, s. lustre, brightness 
Gloar, v. n. to look askew, to squint 
Gloat,i>.n. to cast side glances as a timid lover 
Gk/bated, Globed, a. farmed like a globe 
Globe, s. a sphere ; the terraqueous ball 
G'.obo'se, Glob'ular, Glob'ulous, a. spherical, 

round, formed like a sphere 
Globosity, s. roundness of fo-m, sphericity 
Globules, .'• small particles of a round figure 

ice, v. a. to gather into a ball 
Gloom, j. imperfect darkness ; obscurity ; 

heaviness of mind, cloudiness of aspect 
Gloom'iness, s. want of light, obscurity ; 

want of cheerfulness ; cloudiness of look 
Gloom'ily, ad. dimly, dismally, sullenly 
Gloom'y, a. obscure, melancholy, cloudy 
Glo'ried, a. illustrious, honourable 
Glorification, s. the act of giving glory 
Glo'rify , v. a. to honour, to extol, to worship 
Glo'rious, a. noble, illustrious, excellent 
Glo'riously, ad. nobly ,renownedly, splendidly 
Glo'ry, s. honour, praise, renown, fame 
Glo'ry, v. n. to boast in, to be proud of 
Gloss, s. a superficial lustre •, a comment ; 

a specious representation 
Gloss, v. to comment, to explain, to palliate 
Glos'sary, s. a dictionary explaining obscure 

or antiquated words ; explanatory notes 
G!os'sing, s. an explanation by glosses 
Glos'sy, a. shining,bright, smoothly polished 
Glove, s. a cover for the hands 
Glov'er, /, one who makes or sells gloves 
Glout, v. n. to pout, to look sullen 
Glow,-y. to be heated ; to feel activity of fancy 
Glow, j. shining heat, vividness of colour 
Glow'worm, s. a small creeping grub, that 

shines in the dark by a luminous tail 
Gloze, t. flattery, specious show, gloss 
Glue, s. a thick, viscous cement, made by 

boiling the skins of animals to a jelly 
Glue, -p. a. to join together with glue, to unite 
Glum, a. sullen, stubbornly grave 
Glut, v. a. to devour, to cloy, to saturate 
Glut, j. overmuch, more than enough 
Glutinous, a. gluy, viscous, tenacious 
Glutted, part, devoured, sated, over-gorged 
Glut'ton, s. one who-eats to excess 
Gluttony, s. excess ; luxury of the table 
Gnar,Gnarl, v. n. to growl, to snarl 
Gnar'Led, a. knotty, rough 
Gnash, -v. to grind the teeth in a rage 
Gnashing, s. a grinding of the teeth 
Gnat, s. a small winged stinging insect 
Gnaw, v. a. to pick with the teeth ; to corrode 
Gno'mon, ;. the hand cr pin of a dial 
Gnomon'ics, t. the science or art of dialling 
Go, v. n. to walk, to proceed, to travel, to pass 

Goad, s. a pointed stick to drive oxen with 
Goad, v. a. to prick, to stimulate, to incite 
Goal, s. a starting-post ; final purpose 
Goar, ;. any edging sewed upon cloth 
Goat, /. a ruminant animal, that seems of a 

middle species between deer and sheep 
Goat'herd, s. one who tends goats 
Goatish, a. resembling a goat ; lustful 
Gcb'bet, v. a. to swallow at a mouthful 
GobT>le, v. a. to eat voraciously and hastily 
Goblet, s. a bowl or large cup 
Goblin, s. an evil spirit, a fairy, a phantom 
Go'cart, s. a thing to teach children to walk 
God, ;. the Supreme Being 
God'child, /. a child for whom one became 

sponsor at baptism 
God'dess, s. a female ethnic divinity 
God'dess-like, a. resembling a goddess 
God'father, s. a male sponsor in baptism 
Gcd'head, s. the Deity, the divine nature 
Godless, a. wicked, impious,vile, atheistical 
Godlike, a. divine, supremely excellent 
Godliness, s. piety to God, real religion 
Godly, a. pious, righteous, religious 
God'mother, s. a female sponsor in baptism 
God'son, s. a boy for whom one was sponsor 
Gog'gle, v. n. to look asquint 
Gog'gie-eyed,<z.havinglargeeye3; squint-eyed 
Going, s. the aft of walking, departure 
Gold, s. the heaviest of all metals ; money 
GbWbeater, :. one who beats or foliates gold 
Goldliound, a. encompassed with gold 
Gold'en, a. made of gold ; bright, happy 
Gold'finch, s. a small singing bird 
Gold'smith, /. one who manufactures gold 
Gome, /. the black grease of a cart wheel 
Gon'dola, s. a boat much used at Venice 
Gondoli'er, s. a boatman 
Gone, part. pre:, from to go, p^st, lest, dead 
Gonfalon, s. a standard, an ensign 
Gonorrhce'a, s. a morbid venereal discharge 
Good, a. proper, wholesome, sound, not evil 
Good, ;. the contrary to evil ; virtue 
Goodliness, s. beauty, grace, elegance 
Goodly, a. beautiful, graceful, gay, splendid 
Good'ness, s. desirable qualities 
Goods, ;. furniture, freight, merchandise 
Good'y, j . a lew term of civility 
Goose, s. a large water-fowl ; a tailor's iron 
Goose'berry, s. a small tree and its fruit 
Gooseberryfool, ; a food made of boiled 

gooseberries, with milk, sugar, &c. 
Gor'bellied, a. fat, big-bellied, prominent 
Gord, s. an instrument of gaming 
Gor'dian-knot, s. an inextricable difficulty 
Gore, s. clotted blood, congealed blood 
Gore, nj. a. to stab, to pierce with horns 
Gorge, s. the throat, the sw3 ? low 
Gorge, v. n to glut, to satiate, to swallow 
Gor'geous, a. fine, splendid, glittering 

G R A 


G R A 

Gor'geously, ad. magnificently, finely 
Gor'geousness, s. magnificence, show 
Gor'get, s. a breast plate worn by military 
officers ; formerly, armour for the throat 
Gor'gon, >. any thing ugly or horrid 
Gor'mandize, v. n. to feed ravenously 
Gor'mandizci , s. a voracious eater, a glutton 
Gormandizing, />ar*. eating greedily 
Gorse, s. furze, a thick prickly shrub 
Gory, a. covered with blood • murderous 
Gos'hawk, s. a hawk of a large kind 
Gos'ling, s. a goose not yet full grown 
Gos'pel, s. the holy book of the christian 
revelation \ God's word ; divinity, theology 
Gos'pel, v. n. to fill with religious thoughts 
Gos'pelled, £#>-£. instructed in Christianity 
Gos'samer, ;. the fine down of plants 
Gos'sip, j. a sponsor in baptism ; a tattler 
Gos'sip, v. n to prate, to chat ; to be merry 
Got, Got'ten, pari. pass, of to get 
Goth'ic, a. in manner of the Goths, antique 
Goths, s. an ancient people of Gothia, an 

island in the Baltic sea 
Gove, v. n. to mow, to put in a goff or mow 
Gov'ern, v. to rule, to manage, to direct 
Gov'ernable, a. submissive to authority 
Governance, s. government, rule, control 
Governa'nte, s. a governess of young ladies 
Gov'erness, s. a tutoress, a directress 
Government, s. an establishment of legal au- 
thority ; executive power ; manageableness 
Governor, /. a ruler, a commander, a tutor 
Gouge, s. a chissel with a round edge 
Gourd,/, a plant resembling a melon ; a bottle 
Gourd V, a. swelled in the legs, &c. 
Gout, ;. a periodical, painful disease ; a drop 
Gout'y, a. afflicted or diseased with the gout 
Gown, s. a long upper garment 
Gowns'man, s. a man devoted to the arts of 

peace ; a student in divinity, law, &c. 
Grab'ble, v. to grope ; to lie prostrate 
Grace, s. favour, kindness, virtue, privilege, 
pardon ; beauty, ornament ; a short prayer 
Grace, v. a.ta dignify, to embellish, to favour 
Gra'cecup, s. the cup of health after grace 
Gra'ceful, a. beautiful with dignity, comely 
Gra'cefully, ad. elegantly, with dignity 
Gra'cefulness, s. elegance of manner 
Gra'celess, a. without grace, abandoned 
Gra'cile, a. slender, small, lean 
Gra'cious, a. benevolent, virtuous, graceful 
Gra'ciously, ad. kindly, in a pleasing manner 
Gra'eiousness, s. kind condescension 
Grada'tion, ;. a regular advance, order 
Grad'atory, s. a flight of steps 
Gra'dient, a. walking, moving by steps 
Grad'ual, a. done by degrees, step by step 
Gradual'! ty. Graduation, t. a regular pro- 
gression by succession of degrees 
Gradually, «<*• by degrees, step by steP 

Grad'uate, v. a. to mark with degrees ; height- 
en; dignify with a degree in the university 
Grad'uate, s. one who has taken a degree in 

an university ; an academician 
Graduation, s. regular progression by suc- 
cession of degrees ; conferring degrees 
Graff, or Graft, s. a young cion, &c 
Graff, or Graft, v. a. to insert a cion or branch 

of one tree into the stock of another 
Grain, s. all kinds of corn ; the seed of any 
fruit j the 24th part of a penny-weight ; 
with apothecaries, the 20th part of a scru- 
ple ; direction of the fibres of wood, &c; 
the form of the surface with regard to 
roughness or smoothness; a minute particle 
Grain'ed, a. rough, made less smooth 
Grains, s. the husks of malt in brewing 
Gramin'eal, Gramin'eous, a. grassy 
Graminiv'orous, a. grass-eating 
Gram'mar, s. the science of speaking or 
writing a language correctly and with pre- 
cision j the book which teaches it 
Gramma'rian, s. one who teaches grammar 
Grammatical, a. belonging to grammar 
Grammatically, ad. according to grammar 
Gramp'us, s. a large fish of the whale kind 
Gran'ary, s. a storehouse for threshed corn 
Gran'ate, Gran'ite, s. a kind of fine speckled 

marble ; a species of gem 
Grand, a. great, illustrious, high in power 
Grand'child, s. the child of a son or daughter 
Granddaughter, s. the daughter of a son, &c. 
Grande'e, s. a man of high rank or power 
Grand'eur, s. state, magnificence 
Grandfather, s. father's or mother's father 
Grandil'oquous, a. using a lofty style 
Grand'mother, ;. father's or mother's mother 
Grand'sire, s. a grandfather, an ancestor 
Grand'son, s. the son of a son or daughter 
Grange, s. a farm-house, a lone house 
Graniv'orous, a- eating or living on grain 
Gran'am, Grand'am, s. a grandmother 
Grant, v. a. to admit, to allow ; to bestow 
Grant, s. the thing granted ; a gift, a boon 
Grante'e, s. he to whom a grant is made 
Grant'or, s. he by whom any grant is made 
Gran'ulary, a. resembling grains or seeds 
Gran'ulate, v to form into small grains 
Granula'tion, s. a breaking into small masses 
Gran'ule, s. a small compact particle 
Gran'ulous, a. full of little grains 
Grape, -. fruit of the vine growing in clusters 
Graphical, a well delineated 
Graphically, ad. in a picturesque manner 
Grap'nel, s. an iron hook to catch hold of and 

secure an enemy's ship ; a small anchor 
Grap'ple,?>. to contest in close fight ; to seize, 

to lay fast hold of, to fasten, to fix 
Grass'hopper, s. a small chirping insect that 
hops in the summer grass 

G R E 


G R I 

Grasp, v. to hold in the hand, to seize 
Grasp, s. seizure of the hand, possession 
Grass, /. the common herbage of fields, &c. 
Grass'y, a. covered with grass 
Grate, s. an enclosure made with bars, the 
range of bars within which fires are made 
Grate, v. to rub or wear away ; to offend 
Gra'teful,a. willing to acknowledge and repay 

benefits ; agreeable, pleasant, acceptable 
Gra'tefully, ad. with gratitude, pleasingly 
Gra'ter, ;. a rough instrument to grate with 
Gralifica'tion, s. pleasure, delight ; reward 
Grat'ify, v. a. to indulge, to please, to requite 
Gra'ting, part. a. rubbing ; disagreeable 
Gra'tingly, ad. harshly, offensively 
Gra'tis, ad. for nothing, without reward 
Gratitude, Gra'tefulness, s. a desire to return 

benefits ; duty to benefactors 
Gratuitous, a. voluntary, bestowed without 

claim or merit, asserted without proof 
Gratuity, s. a free gift, a recompence 
Grat'ulate, v. a. to congratulate, to wish joy 
Gratula'tion, s. the aft of rejoicing on behalf 
of another ; expression of joy, salutation 
Grat'ulatory, a. expressing congratulation 
Grave, s. the place in which the dead are re- 
posited ; the name of an accent 
Grave, a. solemn, serious, sober, not showy 
Grave, v. to carve in any hard substance 
Gra'veclothes, I. the dress of the dead 
Grav'el, s. hard sand ; sandy matter concret- 
ed in the kidnies and bladder 
Grav'el, t». a. to cover with gravel ; puzzle 
Grav'elly, a. abounding with gravel 
Gra'vely, ad. seriously, without tawdry show 
Gra'vev, s. one that engraves ; a graving tool 
Gra'vestone, /. a stone placed over the grave 
Gravidity, s. state of being with child 
Grav'itate, -v. n. to weigh or press down- 
wards ; to tend to the centre of attraction 
Gravita'tion, s. aft of tending to the centre 
Gravity, Gra'veness, s. seriousness ; weight 
Gra'vy, s. the juice of roasted meat, &c. 
Graze, v. to feed on grass ; to touch lightly 
Gra'zier, s. one who feeds cattle 
Gra'zing, s. the aft of feeding on grass 
Grease, s. the soft part of the fat 
Grease, v- a to smear with fat ; to bribe 
Greas'iness, s. fatness, oiliness,unftuousness 
Greas'y, a. oily, fat, smeared with grease 
Great, a. large, eminent, illustrious 
Great-bel'lied, a. pregnant, teeming 
Great'ly, ad. in a great degree, illustriously 
Great'ness, s. largeness, power, dignity, state 
Greaves, s. armour for the legs 
Gre'cian, a. of or belonging to Greece 
Gie'cism, s. idiom of the Greek language 
Greece, s. the name of a country 
Greedily , ad. eagerly,ravenously,voraciously 
Greediness, s. ravenousness, voracity 

Greed'y, a. ravenous, eager, voracious 
Green, a. not ripe, young, fresh, new 
Green, s. a colour ; a grassy plain ; leaves 
Green-cloth, s. a board, or court of justice 

held in the king's household 
Green'eyed, a. having greenish eyes 
Green'finch, s. a small singing bird } a fish 
Green'gage, s- a species of plum 
Green'house,j. a conservatory for plants, &c. 
Greenish, a. inclining to a green colour 
Green'ness, s. a green colour ; unripeness 
Greensick'ness,*. a disease incident to virgins, 

so cailed from the paleness it produces 
Green'sward, s. turf on which grass grows 
Greet, i>. to address, to congratulate 
Greeting, s. a kind salutation at meeting 
Greeze, s. a flight of 3teps, a step 
Grega'rious, a. going in flocks or herds 
Grena'de, Grena'do, s. a little hollow ball of 
iron used in battle, commonly two inches 
in diameter, which, being filled with fine 
powder, is set on fire by means of a fusee, 
and, bursting, does considerable damage 
wherever it is thrown to all around 
Grenadi'er, s. a tail foot soldier 
Grey, a. white and black mixed ; hoary 
Greybeard, s. an old man 
Grey'hound, s. a tall, fleet, hunting dog 
Grice, s. a little pig ; a flight of steps 
Grid'elin, s, a colour mixed of white and red 
Gridiron, s. a grate to broil meat on 
Grief, s. sorrow, trouble of mind, disease 
Griev'ance,j\ the state of uneasiness;hardship 
Grieve, v. to afflict, hurt, mourn, lament 
Griev'ous, a. afflictive, painful, atrocious 
Griev'ously, ad. painfully, calamitously 
Griffin, Griffon, s. a fabulous creature, hav- 
ing the head and paws of a lion, and the 
body and wings of an eagle 
Grig, s. a small eel ; a merry creature 
Grill, v. a. to broil on a gridiron 
Grim, a. ill-looking, ugly, hideous, horrible 
Grima'ce, s. a distortion of the countenance 
from habit or contempt ; air of affeftatioa 
Grimal'kin, s. an old cat, &c. 
Grime, s . dirt...-y. to dirty, to daub, to sully 
Grimly, ad. sourly, crabbedly, horribly 
Grin, s. an affected laugh ; a snarl ; a trap 
Grin, v. n. to shew the teeth set together 
Grind, v. to reduce any thing to powder } 

to sharpen ; to harass, to oppress 
Grind'er, s. one that grinds ; the instrument 

of grinding ; one of the back teeth 
Grind'stone, s. a stone for grinding on 
Gripe, v. to clutch, to squeeze, to pinch 
Gripe, s. a grasp ; oppression ; the colic 
Gri'per, s- an oppressor, an usurer 
Gris'amber, s. used by Milton for Ambergris 
Gris'kin, s. the backbone of a hog 
Grisly, a. dreadful, horrible, hideous 

G R U 

1 06 

G U L 

Grist, s. corn to be ground; provision, supply 
Gris'tle, s. a cartilaginous substance 
Grist'ly, a. full of gristles, cartilaginous 
Grit, s. the coarse part of meal ; sand 
Grit'tiness, s. sandiness, abounding in grit 
Grit'ty, a. full of hard particles 
Griz'zle, s. a mixture of white and black 
Griz'zled, Griz'zly, a. somewhat grey 
Groan, v. n. to breathe with a hoarse noise 
Groan, s. a deep sigh from sorrow or pain . 
Groan'ing, part. a. fetching deep sighs 
Groat, s. four-pence. ..pi, hulled oats 
Gro'cer, 1. a dealer in teas, sugar. &c. 
Gro'cery, s. vcares which are sold by grocers 
Gro'gram, s. a kind of sili;en stuff with pile 
Groin, s. the part next the thigh 
Groom, s. one who tends horses, a servant 
Groom'-porter, s. an officer of the king's 

household who ha;, the direction of games 
Grocm of the Stole, s. an officer who has 

charge of rhe king's wardrobe 
Groove, s. a hollow channel, cut with a tool 
Grope, v. n. to feel wh' re one cannot see 
Gross, a. thick, fat; stupid, palpable 
Gross 5 s' the bulk, main body ; \i dozen 
Gross'ly, ad bulky, without delicacy 
Gross'ness, .». coarseness, want of delicacy 
Grot, Grot'to, s. a cavern made for coolness 
Grotes'.iue, a distorted of figure, unnatural 
Grove, s. a walk shaded by trees 
Grov'el, v. n. to be mean and low-minded ; 

to lie or creep on the ground 
Grov'eller, s. an abject, mean wretch 
Ground, s. land ; floor ; dregs ; first principle 
Ground, v. a. to lay on the ground, &c. 
Ground, pre?, and part . of to grind 
Groundi'vy, s. the plant alehcof or tunhoof 
Groundless, a. void of reason or truth 
Groundling, 5. a fish, one of the vulgar 
Ground'piot, s. the plot or space of ground 

on which a building is placed 
Ground'rent, /. the rent paid for the ground 

on which a house is built, &c. 
Ground'sel, Grun'sel, s. timber next the 

ground ; lower part of a building ; a plant 
Grouud'work, s. the ground ; first principle 
Group, s. a crowd, a cluster, a huddle 
Grouse, /. a kind of wild fowl ; a moorcock 
Grout, s. coarse meal, pollard ; dregs 
Grow, v. n. to vegetate, increase, improve 
Growl, v. n. to snarl, to murmur, to grumble 
Grov/1'ing, s. the act of snarling, grumbling 
Grown, part . of to grow, advanced in growth 
Growth, s. vegetation ; increase of stature ; 

advancement ; thing produced 
Grub, v. a. to destroy by digging, to dig out 
Grub, /. a small destructive worm ; a dwarf 
Grub'ble, v. n. to feel in the dark 
Grudge, v. to envy, repine, give unwillingly 
Grudge, s. an old quarrel, ill will, envy 

Grudg'ing, s. reluctance, malignity 

Grudg'ingly, ad. unwillingly, malignantly 

Gru'el, s. oatmeal boiled in water 

Gruff, Grum, a. sour of aspect, surly, harsh 

Gruffly, ad. harshly, ruggedly, sourly 

Grum'ble, v. n. to growl, to murmur, to snarl 

Grum'Mer, t. one who grumbles, a murmurer 

Giumb'ling, s. a murmuring, discontent 

Gru'mous, a. thick, clotted like blood 

Grunt, , the noise of a hog 

Grunt, Grunt'le, v. n. to murmur like a hog } 

to make a grumbling noise 
Grunt'er, s. he who grunts ; a kind offish 
Guai'acum, s. a physical wood used as a pu- 
rifier ; also called lignum sanftum 
Guarante'e, s. a power who undertakes to see 

stipulations faithfully performed 
Guaranty', v. a. to answer for performance 
Guard,j. a state of caution, defence, vigilance 
GuzriVedypart. watched, defended 
Guard'ian, >. one who has the care of an or- 
phan ; a superintendant 
Guard'ian, a. defending, superintending 
Guurd'ianship, ;. the office of a guardian 
Guard'less, a. without defence or care 
Guard'ship, s. a ship that guards an harbour 
Guberua'tion, s. government 
Gud'geon, s. a fish ; a man easily cheated 
Guer'don, s. a reward, a recompence 
Guess, v. to conjecture rightly, to find out 
Guess, s. a conjecture, a supposition 
Guest, ;. one who is entertained by another 
Gui'dage, s. the reward given to a guide 
Gi<,i'd2nce, s. direction, government 
Guide, v. a. to direct, to instruct, to regulate 
Guide, s. one who directs another, a regulator 
Gui'deless, a. without a guide 
Guild, j. a society, a corporation, a fraternity 
Guile, j. deceitful cunning, insidious artifice 
Gui'leful, a. treacherous, artful, insidious 
Gui'lefully, ad. treacherously, deceitfully 
Gui'leless, a. free from deceit, innocent 
Guilt, i. an offence, a crime, a fault 
Guilt'ily, ad. without innocence, criminally 
Guilt'iness, s. the state of being guilty 
Guilt'less, a. free from crime, innocent 
Guilt'y, a. not innocent, wicked, corrupt 
Guin'ea, j.a gold coin, value 21 shillings 
Guise, s. manner, habit, custom, dress 
Guita'r, s. a stringed musical instrument 
Gules, s. in heraldry, a red colour 
Gulf, s. a large bay, an abyss, a whirlpool 
Gulf'y, a. full of gulfs or whirlpools 
Gull, v. a. to cheat, to trick, to defraud 
Gull, s. a sea bird ; one easily cheated 
Gul'let, 1. the throat, the meat pipe 
Gul'lyhole, s. the hole where the gutters 

empty themselves into the sewers 
Gulos'ity, s. greediness, gluttony, voracity 
Gulp, v. a, to swallow eagerly with noise 

H A C 



Gulp, s. as much as is swallowed at once 
Gum, s. the viscous juice of trees ; the fleshy 

covering that contains the teeth 
Gum, v. a. to close or smear with gum 
Gum'miness, s. the state of being gummy 
Gu m'my, a. consisting of gum, full of gum 
Gun, ;. general name for fire-arms ; a flagon 
Gun'ner, /. a cannonier, he who directs the 

artillery of a ship in battle 
Gun'nery, s. the science of artillery 
Gun'powder, s. a composition of saltpetre,sul- 

phur, and charcoal, which easily takes fire ) 
Gun'shot* /. the reach or range of a gun 
Gun'smith, s. a man who makes guns 
Gun'stock, s. the wood for fixing a gun in 
Gun'stone, s. the shot of a cannon 
Gun'wale, Gun'nel, s. that piece of timber 

which on either side of a ship reaches 

from the half deck to the forecastle 
Gurge, s. a whirlpool, a gult 
Gur'gle, v. n. to fall or gush with noise 
Gur'net, Gur'nard, /. a kind of sea-fish 
Gush, v. n. to flow or rush out with violence 

Gust, /. sudden blast of wind ; taste, liking 
Gus'set, s. a small square piece of cloth used 

in shirts and other garments 
Gusta'tion, s. the act of tasting 
Gust'ful, a. well tasted, tasteful, relishing 
Gust'o, s. the relish of any thing ; liking 
Gust'y, a. stormy, tempestuous, rough 
Gut, j. the internal passage for food 
Gut, v. a. to draw out the guts ; to plunder 
Gut'ter, s. a passage for water 
Gut'tle, v. a. to gormandize, to eat greedily 
Gut'tler, s. a greedy, ravenous eater 
Gut'tulous, a. in the manner of a small drop 
Gut'tural, a. pronounced in the throat 
Guy, s. a rope to hoist things into a ship,&c. 
Guz'zle, v. to drink greedily 
Guz'zler, s. a toper ; a gormandizer 
Gymnas'tic, a. relating to athletic exercises 
Gymnas'tically, ad. athletically 
Gyneco'cracy, s. petticoat government 
Gyra'tion, s. the act of turning a thing round 
Gyre, s. a circle, a ring 
Gyves, s. fetters, chains for the legs 


HA ! inter, an expression of wonder, 
surprise, sudden exertion, or laughter 
Ha'beas-cor'pus, s. a writ, which a man, in- 
dicted and imprisoned for some trespass, 
may have out of the king's Bench, to re- 
move himself, at his own costs, to the bar 
of that prison, to answer the cause there 
Hab'erdasher, s. a dealer in small wares 
Hab'erdashery, s. goods sold by a haberdash- 
er, as pins, thread, lace, tape,&c. 
Hab'erdine, s. a dried salt cod 
Haber'geon, s. armour for neck and breast 
Habil'iment, s. dress, clothes, apparel 
Habil'itate, v. n. to qualify, to entitle, to fit 
Habil'ity, s. faculty, power 
Hab'it, s. state of any thing ; dress ; custom 
Hab'itable, a. fit to be inhabited 
Hab'itant, s. an inhabitant, a dweller 
Habitation, s. place of abode, dwelling 
Habit'ual, a. customary, accustomed 
Habit'ually, ad. customarily, by habit 
Habit'uate, i». a. to accustom to ; to use often 
Habit'uated, part, accustomed to, often used 
Hab'itude, s. familiarity, relation, habit 
HabnaT), a. at landom, by chance 
Hack, v. a. to cut into small pieces, to chop 
Hack, ;. any thing used in common 
Hack'le, v. a. to dress flax 
Hack'ney, s. a hired horse, a hireling 
Hack'neyed, part, used in common 

Had'dock, s. a small sea fish of the cod kind 
Haft, s. a handle. ..v. a. to set in a haft 
Hag, s. a witch, an ugly old woman, a fury 
Hag'gard, s. auy thing wild ; a hawk 
Hag'gard, Hag'gardly , a. deformed, ugly 
Hag'gess, s. a sheep's maw filled with mince 

meat, spices, &c. a favourite Scotch dish 
Hag'gish, a. deformed, horrid 
Hag'gle, v. to beat down the price in buy- 
ing ; to carve awkwardly, to mangle 
Hag'gler, s. one who is tardy in buying 
Hagiog'rapher, s. a holy writer 
Hail, 5. frozen rain. ..inter, health be to you 
Hail, v. n. to pour down hail ; to call to 
Hail'shot, s. small shot scattered like hail 
Hail'stone, s a particle or single ball of hail 
Hair, s. one of the integuments of the body 
Hair'brained, a. wild, irregular, giddy 
Hair'bel, s. a flower ; the hyacinth 
Hair'breadth, s. a very small distance 
Hair'cloth, s. a prickly stuff made of hair 
Hair'iness, s the state of being hairy 
Hair'less, a. without hair, bald 
Hair'y, a. covered with, or consisting of hair 
Hal'berd, s. a soldier's battle-axe 
Hal'cyon, a. placid, quiet, calm...;, a sea bird 
Hale, a. healthy, hearty, robust, sound 
Hale, v. a. to drag by force, to pull violently 
Half, s. a moiety, an equal part...di*. equally 
Half'heard, a. imperfectly heard 



H A R 

Half-blooded, a. mean, degenerate, base 
Halfpenny, s. a common copper coin 
Half sighted, a. having a weak discernment 
Halfway, ad. in the middle 
Halfwit, s. a foolish fellow, a blockhead 
Hal'ibut, s. a large, flat sea fish 
Hal'imass, s. the feast of All Saints, Nov. I. 
Hall, s. a court of justice ; a large room 
Hallelu'jah, s. praise ye the Lord 
Halloo', v. a. to incite by shouts, to shout to 
Hal'iow, v. a. to consecrate, to make hoiy 
Hallucina'tion, s. a blunder, a mistake 
Ha'lo, s. a circle round the sun or moon 
Hal'ser, Haw'ser, s. a rope less than a cable 
Halt, v. n. to limp ; to stop in a march 
Halt, s. act of limping ; a stop in a march 
Hal'ter, s. a rope to tie about the neck of a 
horse or malefactor ; a cord ; a strong string 
Halve, v. a. to divide into two parts 
Ham, s. a leg of pork cured j the thigh 
Ha'mated, a. hooked, set with hooks 
Ham'let, s. a small village 
Ham'mer, s. an instrument to drive nails 
Ham'mer, v. to beat or form with a hammer 
Ham'mock, s. a swinging bed in a ship 
Hamp'er, s. a large basket for carriage 
Hamp'er, v.a. to embarrass,entangle,perplex 
Ham'string, s. the tendon of the ham 
Ham'stringj-y. a. to cut the tendon of the ham 
Han'aper, s. a treasury ; an exchequer 
Hand, /. the palm with the fingers ; a mea- 
sure of four inches ; cards held at a game 
Hand, v. a. to give, to deliver down ; to guide 
Hand'basket, s. a portable basket 
Hand'bell, s. a bell rung by the hand 
Hand'breadth, s. a measure of four inches 
Hand'cuff, v. a. to confine the hands of pris- 
oners with irons...*, the instrument 
Hand'ed, a. with hands joined, using hands 
Hand'ful, s. as much as the hand can grasp 
Handgal'lop, s. a gentle, easy gallop 
Handicraft, s. a manual occupation 
Hand'ily, ad. with skill, with dexterity 
Haud'iness, /. readiness, dexterity 
Hand'iwork, s. work done by the hand 
Hand'kerchief, s. a piece of silk or linen used 

to wipe the face or cover the neck 
Han'dle,-u. a. to touch, to handle, to treat of 
Han'dle, s. that part of a thing held 
Hand'maid, s. a maid that waits at hand 
Hand'mill, s. a small mill for grinding 
Hand'sel, v. a. to use a thing the first time 
Hand'sel,or Han'sel, s. the first act of sale 
Hand'some, a. beautiful, graceful, generous 
Hand'somely, ad. beautifully, liberally 
Hand'writing, s. a cast or form of writing 

peculiar to each hand 
Hand'y, a. ready, dexterous, convenient 
Hand'y-dand'y, s. a childish play 
Hang, v. to suspend ; to choke j to dangle 

Hang'er, s. a short broad sword 
Hang'er-on, s. a dependant, a spunger 
Hang'ings, s. ornaments of silk, stuff, paper 

&c. hung against walls 
Hang'man, s. the public executioner, 
Hank, s. a skein of thread, &c a ring 
Hank'er, v. n. to long importunately 
Hap, s. chance, casual event...!;, n. to happen 
Haphaz'ard, j mere chance, accident 
Hap'less, a. unhappy, unfortunate, luckless 
Hap'ly, ad. peradventure, by accident 
Hap'pen, v. n. to fall out, to come to pass 
Hap'piiy, ad. successfully, prosperously 
Hap'piness, s. felicity, good fortune 
Hap'py, a. felicitous, lucky, addressful 
Hara'ngue, s. a speech, a public oration 
Ha'rass, v. a. to weary, to fatigue, to vex 
Ha'rassed,parf. wearied, fatigued, tired 
Har'binger, s. a forerunner, a messenger 
Har'bour, v. to entertain, sojourn, shelter 
Har'bour, Har'bourage, s. a port or haven 
Hard, a. firm, close ; severe, difficult 
Hard, ^.laboriously; nimbly, diligently 
Hard'en, v. a. to make obdurate, to indurate 
Hardfa'voured, a. coarse of feature 
Hardheart'ed, a. inexorable, merciless, cruet 
Hard'iness, s. hardship, fatigue ; boldness 
Hard'ly, ad. with difficulty, oppressively 
Hardmouth'ed, a. disobedient to the rein 
Hard'ness, s. a hard quality ; obduracy 
Hard'ship, s. injury, oppression, fatigue 
Hard'ware, s. ware made of iron, steel, &c. 
Hard'wareman, s. a maker of hardware 
Hard'y* a. bold, brave, daring ; strong, firm 
Hare, s. a well-known, swift, timid animal 
Ha'rebrained, a. wild, unsettled, giddy 
Ha'rem, s. apartments appropriated for the 

women in eastern countries 
Har'rier, s. a small dog for hunting hares 
Hark ! inter, hear ! listen ! attend ! 
Har'lequin, s. a buffoon, a merry-andrew 
Har'lot, s. a strumpet, a prostitute 
Har'lotry, s. the trade of a harlot ; fornication 
Harm, s. injury, crime, wickedness, mischief 
Harm'ful, a. hurtful, noxious, mischievous 
Harm'less, a. innocent, innoxious, unhurt 
Harm'lessness, s. harmless disposition 
Harmon'ic, Harmon'ical, a. pertaining to 

harmony ; adapted to each others 
Harmon'ics, s. the doftrine of sounds 
Harmo'nious, a. musical, well adapted 
Harmo'niously, ad. musically, with concord 
Har'monize, v. a. to adjust in fit proportions 
Har'mony, s. concord, correspondent senti~ 

ment, just proportion of sound 
Kai'ness, s. armour ; furniture for horses 
Harp, s. a lyre ; a constellation 
Harp, v. n. to play on the harp ; to dwell on 
Harp'er, s. one who plays on the harp 
Harpoce'er, u he that throws the harpoon 

H A U 


Harpoon , s. a dart to strike whales with 
Har'py, s. a bird ; a ravenous wretch 
Har'ridan, s. a decayed strumpet 
Har'row, s. a frame of timber set with iron 

teeth, to break the clods of earth, &c. 
Har'row, v. a. to break with the harrow ; to 

tear up, to pillage, to lay waste, to disturb 
Harsh, a. austere, peevish, rough, rigorous 
Harsh'ly, ad. austerely, morosely, violently 
Harsh'ness, s . roughness to the ear ; sourness 
Hars'let, Has'let, s. the entrails of a hog 
Hart, s. the male of the roe, a stag 
Harts'horn, s. spirit drawn from horn ; a plant 
Hardest,*, the season of reaping, &c. the corn 
Har'vest-home, s. the feast or song at the end 

of harvest ; time of gathering in harvest 
Hash, v. a. to mince, chop into small pieces 
Hasp, s. a clasp for a staple...*;, a. to shut 
Kas'sock, t. a mat or -cushion to kneel on 
Haste, Ha'sten, v. a. to hurry, to urge on 
Haste, Ha'stiness, s. quickness, passion 
Ha'stily, ad. speedily, rashly, passionately 
Ha'stiness, s. speed, hurry, angry testiness 
Ha'stings, s. pease that come early 
Ha'sty, a. sudden, quick, vehement, rash 
Hastypud'ding, s. milk and flour boiled 
Hat, s. a covering for the head 
Hatch, v. to produce young from eggs ; to 

plot, to contrive, to form by meditation 
Hatch, s. an opening in a ship's decks; a sort 

of half door ; a brood of young birds ; 

disclosure, discovery 
Hatch'el, v. a. to beat fiai„j. the instrument 
Hatch'et, s. a small axe 
Hatch'et-face, t. an ugly, deformed face 
Hatch'ment, ;. an escutcheon for the dead 
Hatch'way, s. the place over the hatches 
Hate, v. a. to detest, to abhor, to abominate 
Hate, Ha'tred, s. great dislike, ill-will 
Ha'teful, a. malignant, malevolent 
Ha'tefully, ad. odiously, abominably 
Hat'ter, s. a maker of hats 
Have, v. a. to possess, enjoy, receive, hold 
Ha'ven, s. an harbour, port, shelter 
Ha'vener, s. an overseer of a port 
Hav'ing, j. possession, hold, fortune 
Haugh, s. a little low meadow ; a close 
Haught'ily, ad. proudly, contemptuously 
Haughtiness,*, pride, arrogance 
Haught'y, a. proud, lofty, arrogant 
Haul, v. a. to pull, to drag by violence 
Haum, s. straw 

Haunch, s. the thigh, the hip, the hind part 
Haunt, v. to frequent troublesomely, to ap- 
pear frequently ...s. a place of resort 
Haunt'ed, part, frequented, followed 
Hav'oc,?;. a. to lay waste.../, devastation, spoil 
Haufboy, s. a wind instrument resembling 

a clarionet j a kind of large strawberry 

Haw, s. the berry of the hawthorn 

Hawk, s. a voracious bird of prey 

Hawk, v. n. to fly hawks at fowls ; to forcfc 

up phlegm with a noise ; to cry goods 
Hawk'ed, part. a. carried about for sale 
Hawk'er, s. a pedlar, a newscarrier 
Haw'thorn, s. the thorn that bears haws 
Hay, s. grass dried in the sun ; a dance 
Hay'maker, s. one employed in making hay 
Hay'rick, Hay'stack, s. a quantity of hay 

stacked up and thatched 
Haz'ard, /. chance, danger ; a game at dice 
Haz'ard, v. a. to expose to chance or danger 
Haz'ardable, a. liable to chance, dangerous 
Hazardous, a. dangerous, exposed to chance 
Haze, s. a thick fog ; a mist ; rime 
Ha'zel, s. the nut-tree 
Ha'zel, Ha'zelly, a. light brown, like hazel 
Ha'zy, a. foggy, misty, dark, rimy 
Head, s. that part of the body which contains 

the brain ; a chief, principal ; the top 
Head, v. a. to command, influence j behead 
Head'ach, s . a pain in the head 
Head'band, s. a fillet for the head ; a topknot 
Head'borough, /. a subordinate constable 
Head'dress, s. the dress of a woman's head 
Head'iness,/. strong quality in liquors ; hurry 
Head'land, /. a promontory, a cape 
Head'less, a. without a head, inconsiderate 
Head'long, a. rash, precipitate, thoughtless 
Head'most, a. most advanced, first 
Head'piece, s. armour ; force of mind 
Head'stone, s. the first or capital stone 
Head'strong, a. ungovernable, unrestrained 
Head'y, a. rash, precipitate, violent, strong 
Heal, v. to cure a wound } to reconcile 
Heal'ing, part. a. mild, sanative, gentle 
Health, s. freedom from pain or sickness 
Health'ful, Health'some, a. free from sick. 

ness, well disposed, wholesome, salutary 
Healthily, ad. without sickness or pain 
Healthiness, s. a state of health 
Health'less, a. sickly, infirm, weak 
Health'y, a. free from sickness, in health 
Heap, s. a pile, a confused jumble, a cluster 
Heap, v. a. to pile, to accumulate, to heap up 
Hear, v. to perceive by the ear, to listen to 
Hear'er, s. one who attends to any discourse 
Hearing, s. the sense by which sounds are 

perceived ; judicial trial ; audience 
Heark'en, v. n. to listen, to attend, to regard 
Hear'say, j. report, rumour, common talk 
Hearse, s. a close carriage to convey the dead 
Heart, s. the seat of life in an animal body 
Heart'ach, s. sorrow, anguish of mind 
Keart'burning, s. a pain in the stomach 
Heart'dear, a. sincerely beloved 
Heart'easing, a. giving quiet 
Heart'en, v. a. to encourage, to animate I Co 

strengthen j to manure ia»4 

H E E 


Heart'felt, a. felt in the conscience 
Hearth, s. the place on which a fire is made 
Heart'ily, ad. sincerely, fully from the heart • 
Heart'iness, s. sincerity, freedom from hy- 
pocrisy ; vigour, diligence, strength 
Heartless, a. spiritless , wanting courage 
Heartsick, a. pained in mind, mortally ill 
Heart'strings, s. the tendons or nerves sup- 
posed to brace and sustain the heart 
Heart'whole, a. with the affections unfixed ; 

with the vitals yet unimpaired 
Heart'y, a. healthy, strong, cordial, sincere 
Heat, s. the sensation caused by fire ; hot 
weather ; violent passion ; party rage ; a 
course at a race ; a flush in the face 
Heat, v. a. to make hot ; to warm with passion 
Heat'er, s. an iron made hot and put into a 

box-iron, to smooth and plait linen 
Heath, s. a plant ; common ground 
Heath'cock, s. a fowl that frequents heaths 
He'athen, s. a gentile, a pagan, an idolater 
He'athen, He'athenish, a. pagan, savage 
He'athenism, s. paganism, gentilism ; the 

principles or practices of heathens 
Heave, /. a lift ; an effort to vomit 
Heave, v. to lift, to raise ; to pant ; to keck 
Heav'en, s. the regions above ; the expanse 

of the sky ; the residence of the blessed 
Heav'en-born, a. descended from heaven 
Heav'enly, a. supremely excellent, celestial 
Heav'ily, ad. sorrowfully, affliftively 
Heaviness, s. depression of mind ; weight 
Heav'y, a. weighty, dejedted, sluggish 
Keb'domad, s. a week, a space of seven days 
Hebdom'adal, Hebdom'adary,a. weekly 
Heb'etate, v. a. to dull, to blunt, to stupify 
Heb'etude, /. bluntness,dulness, obtuseness 
He'braism, s. a Hebrew idiom 
Hebri'cian, s. one skilled in Hebrew 
He'brew, s. the Jewish language 
Hec'atomb, s. a sacrifice of an hundred cattle 
Hec'tic, Hec'tical, a. habitual, constitutional, 

troubled with morbid heat.../, a fever 
Kec'tor, i. a bully, a noisy fellow...?;, to vaunt 
Hed'eral, a. made of or resembling ivy 
Hedge, v. to make a hedge ; enclose ; shift 
Hedge, s. a fence made of thorns, shrubs, 6cc. 
Hedge'born, a. meanly born, low, obscure 
Hedge'hog, s. a quadruped set with prickles 
Hedg'er, s. one who makes hedges 
Hedglngbili, s. a bill used in making hedges 
Hedge'pig, s. a young hedgehog 
Heed, v. a. to mind, to regard, to attend to 
Heed, s. care, caution, seriousness 
Heed'ful, a. cautious, attentive, careful 
Heed'fulness, s. caution, vigilance 
Heed'less, a. negligent, inattentive, careless 
Heedlessness, s. negligence, carelessness 
Heelj s. the hind part of the foot 
Heel'piece, v, <*. to mend the heel of a shoe 

Heft, s. a handle, an effort, a heave 
He'gira,*. theepocha of the lurks, reckoned 

from the day Mahomet fied from Mecca 
Heifer, s . a young cow 
Heigh'ho, inter, denoting languor, &c. 
Height, s. elevation or extension upwards ; 

elevation of rank ; utmost degree 
Height'en, v. a. to raise, to improve, to exalt 
Hein'ous, a. very wicked, atrocious 
Hein'ously, ad. wickedly, atrociously 
Hein'ousness, j. great wickedness 
Heir, s. one who inheiits by law, a successor 
Heir'ess, j. a female who inherits by law 
Heirless, a. having no heir 
Heirloo'm, s. what descends with a freehold 
Heir'ship, s. the state, &c. of an heir 
Held, pre!, of to hold 
Heli'acal, a. pertaining to the sun 
Hel'ical,d. spiral,with many circumvolutions 
Heliocen'tric, a. belonging to the sun 
Heliog'raphy, /. a description of the sun 
Hell, s. the residence of wicked spirits 
Hell'doomed, a. consigned to hell 
Hei'lebore, s. the Christmas flower ; a plant 
Hell'enism, s. an idiom of the Greek 
HeU'hound, s. an agent or dog of hell,a wretch 
Hell'ish, a. infernal, wicked, sent from hell 
Hell'ishly, ad. infernally, very wickedly 
Hell'kite, s. a kite of infernal breed ..i>ell 

prefixed to any word denotes detestation 
Helm, /. the rudder ; a headpiece 
Helm'ed, a. furnished with a headpiece 
Helm'et, s. a covering for the head in war 
Help, v. to assist, to support, to cure, to aid 
Help, s. assistance, remedy, succour, support 
Help'ful, a. useful, salutary, assisting 
Helpless, a. destitute of help, wanting pow- 
er to succour one's self, irremediable 
Hel'ter-skel'ter, ad. confusedly, in a hurry 
Helve, s. the handle of an axe 
Helvetic, a. of or relating to the Swiss 
Hem, s. the edge of a garment folded down 

and sewed ; a sudden expulsion of breath 
Hem, v. a. to close with a hem j to shut in 
Hemisphere, s. the half of a globe 
Hemispherical, a. being half round 
Hemlstic, i. half a verse 
Hemlock, s. a narcotic plant used in physic 
Hem'orrhage, s. a violent flux of blood 
Hem'orrhoids, s. the piles, the emrods 
Hemp, s. a plant of which ropes are made 
Hemp'en, a. made of hemp 
Hen, s. the female of any land fowl 
Hence ! ad. or inter, away, at a distance j 

from this cause, for this reason 
Hencefo'rth, Hencefor'ward, ad. from this 

time forward, from this time to futurity 
Hend, v. a. to seize, to crowd, to surround 
Hen'harm, Henhar'rier, s. a kind of hawk 
Hen'pecked, a, governed by a wife 

H E T 

H I N 

Hen'roost, j. a place where poultry rest 
Hepat'ical, a. belonging to the liver 
Heo'tagon, s. a figure of seven equal sides 
Hep'tarchy, s. a sevenfold government 
Her, pron. belonging to a female 
Her'ald, s. an officer whose duty is to pro- 
claim peace, and denounce war, to be em- 
ployed in martial messages, and to judge 
and examine coats of arms ; a precursor 
Her'aldry, s . the art or office of a herald 
Herb, s. a plant, chiefly of the esculent kind 
Herba'ceous, a. relating to heri>3 
Herb'age, r. pasture, grass, herbs in general 
Herb'al, s. a treatise or book of plants 
Kerb'alist, s. one skilled in herbs 
Herb'y, a. having the nature of herbs 
Hercu'lean, a. very great or difficult 
Herd, s. a flock, a drove, a company 
Herd, v. to associate ; to put into a herd 
Kerds'man, r. one employed in tending herds 
Here, ad. in this place or state 
Hereabou'ts, ad. about this place 
Herea'iter, ad. in a future state 
Hereby', ad. by this ; by these means 
Kered'itable, a. whatever may be inherited 
Hereditament, s. an inheritance 
Eered'itary, a. descending by inheritance 
Here'in, Hereinto', ad. in or into this 
Hereo'f, ad. of, from, or by means of this 
Hereo'n, Hereupo'n, ad. upon this 
Her'esy, s. a fundamental error in religion ; 

differing from the orthodox church 
Here'siarch, s. a leader in heresy 
Her'etic,*. one who propagates heretical opin- 
ions in opposition to the Christian religion 
Heret'ical, a. relating to heresy 
Hereto', Hereunto', ad. to this ; unto this 
Heretofore, ad. formerly, anciently 
Herewi'th, ad. with this 
Her'iot, s. a fine to the lord of the manor 
Her'itage, s. inheritance, estate by succession 
Hermaph'rodite, s. animal uniting two sexes 
Hermet'ic, Hermet'ical, a. chymical 
Her'mit, s. a solitary, devout person 
Herm'itage, /. an hermit's cell 
Hern, or Her'on, s. a large water fowl 
He'ro, s. a brave man, a great warrior 
Her'oess, Her'oine, $ a female hero 
Hero'iCjHero'ica!, a. brave, noble 
Hero'ically, ad. bravely, courageously 
Her'oism, s. the qualities of a hero 
Her'ring, ;. a small sea fish 
Herse'lf, pron. the female personal pronoun 
Hes'itate, v. n. to pause, to delay, to doubt 
Hesita'tion, j. rJoubt, intermission of speech 
Hest, s. a command, injunction, precept 
Het'eroclites, s. pi. in grammar, ail nouns 

which vary in the:r gender or declension 
Het'erodox, a. deviating from the establish- 
ed church opinion j not orthodox 

Heteroge'neal, Keteroge'neous, a. unlike ; 

of a nature diametrically opposite 
Keterop'tics, s. pi. false optics, deception 
Hew, v. a. to cut with an axe, chop, labour 
b'ex'agon, s. a figure of six equal sides 
Hexag'onal, a. having six sides or angles 
Hexam'eter, s. a verse of six feet 
Hey ! inter, a word expressive of joy 
Hey'day ! infer, expression of exultation 
Hia'tus, s. an aperture, a breach, an opening 
Hiber'nal, a. belonging to the winter 
Hic'cius-doc'cius, s. a juggler 
Kick'up, j. a convulsion of the stomach 
Hid, Hid'den, part. pass, of to hide 
Hide, v. to conceal, to cover, to lie hid 
Hide, j. the skin of an animal, &c. 
Hid'eous, a. horrible, dreadful, frightful 
Hid'eously, ad. horribly, dreadfully 
Hie, v. k. to hasten, to go quickly 
Hi'erarch, s. the chief cf a sacred order 
Hierarchy, :. an ecclesiastical government 
Kieroglyph'ics, s. pi. the symbolical charac- 
ters used by the ancient Egyptians 
Hieroglyph'ical, a. emblematical, allusive 
Hig'gle, v. n. to use many words in bargain- 
ing ; to carry about ; to chaffer 
Hig'gledy-pig'gledy, ad. confusedly 
Hig'gler, s. one who hawks about provisions 
High, a. elevated, proud, great, exorbitant 
Kighblo'wn, part, much swelled with wind 
Highbo'rn, part, of noble extraction 
High'flier, s. one extravagant in opinion 
High'land, s. a mountainous country 
Highlander, s. a mountaineer 
Highly, ad. in a great degree ; arrogantly 
Highmet'tled, a. proud or ardent of spirit 
Highmind'ed, a. proud, haughty 
Hjgh'ness, s. dignity of nature ; a title 
Highseas'oned, part, hot to the taste 
Highspir'ited, part. a. bold, daring, insolent 
High'tytighty, a. giddy, thoughtless 
Higbwro'ught,ptfr2. splendidly finished 
Hjghwa'ter, s. the utmost flow of the tide 
Highwa'y,1 s. a great road, a public path 
High'wayman, s. a robber on the highway 
Hilar'ity, s. gaiety, mirth, cheerfulness 
Hil'ary ? s. a term that begins in January 
Hild'ing, s. a mean, cowardly wretch 
Hill, s. elevation of ground, a high land 
Hiil'ock, s. a small hill 
Hiil'y, a. full of hills, unequal in surface 
Hilt, #. the handle of a sword 
Him, pron. the oblique case of he 
Hind, s. a she stag ; a boor, a peasant 
Hin'der, v. a. to obstruct, to stop, to impede 
Hin'derance, s. an impediment, a stop 
Hin'dermost, Hind'most, a. the last 
Hinge, s. a joint on which a door turns ; a rule 
Hint, v. n. to allude, to bring to mind 
Hint, /. a remote suggestion, an intimation 


H O O 

Hip, s. a joint of the thigh ; ihe fruit of the 

brier ; a lowness of spirits 
Hip'pish, a. much dejected, low in spirits 
Hip'pogriff, s. a winged or fabulous horse 
Hippopot'amus, s. the river horse ; an animal 

found in the Nile 
Hip'shot, a. sprained in the hip 
Hire,i;. a. to engage for pay.../, wages 
Hi'reling, s. one who serves for wages ; a 

mercenary and unprincipled writer 
Hiss, v. to cry like a serpent ; to explode by 

hisses, to testify disapprobation 
Hist, inter, exclamation commanding silence 
Histo'rian, s. a writer of fafts and events 
Histor'ical, a. pertaining to history 
Historically, ad. in the manner of history 
His'tory, s. a narration of facts 
Histrion'ic, a. befitting a stage or player 
Hit, v. to strike, to clash, to succeed, to reach 
Hit, s. a stroke, a lucky chance 
Hitch, v. n. to catch, to move by jerks 
Hitch, s. a kind of knot or noose 
Hitch'el, ;. a tool on which flax is combed 
Hithe, ;. a landing place for goods, &c. 
Hith'ei, ad. to this places, nearer 
Hith'ermost, a. nearest on this side 
Hith'erto, ad. to this time ; yet ; till now 
Hive, s. a place for bee3 ; a company 
Hoarfro'st, s. frozen dew ; a white frost 
Hoard, v. to lay up privately 
Hoar d'ed, part, laid up in private 
Hoar'iness, s. state of being hoary or whitish 
Hoarse, a. having a rough deep voice 
Ho'arsely, ad. with a rough harsh voice 
Ho'arseness, s. roughness of voice 
Hoar'y, Hoar, a. grey with age, whitish 
Hob'ble, v. n. to walk lamely or awkwardly 
Hob'by, /. a species of hawk ; a stupid fellow 
Hob'byhorse, s. a small horse ; a plaything ; 

a favourite thing or amusement 
Hob'goblin, ;. a sprite, a fairy, an apparition 
Hob'naii, s. a nail used in shoeing horses 
Hock, s . the small end of a gammon of ba- 
con ; a sort of German wine 
Hoc'kle, v. a. to hamstring ; to lame 
Ho'cus-po'cus, s. a juggler, a cheat 
Hod, s. a bricklayer's trough 
Hodge'podge, s. a confused mixture, a medley 
Hodier'nal, a. of or relative to this day 
Hoe, /. a garden tool for weeds, &c. 
Hoe, v. a. to cut or dig with a hoe 
Hog, s. the general name of swine 
Hog'cote, Hog'sty, s. a house for hogs 
Hog'geral, s. an ewe of two years old 
Hog'gish, a. selfish, brutish, greedy 
Hog'herd, s. a keeper of hogs 
Ho'goo, s. a mess of high relish ; a stink 
Hogs'head, /. a measure of 63 gallons 
Hog'wash, s. draff which is given to swine 
Haiu'en, s. an awkward country girl 

Hoist, v. a. to raise up on high 

Hold, v. to keep, to have within, to detain 

Hold, s. a support ; custody, power 

Hold, inter, stop ! forbear ! be still 

Hold'er, j. one who holds any thing 

Hold'fast, s. an iron hook, a catch 

Hole, s. a hollow place ; a mean habitation ; 

a rent in a garment ; a subterfuge 
Ho'lily, ad. piously, religiously, inviolably 
Ho'liness, s. the Pope's title ; piety 
Holl'a, or Hollo, v. n. to call to any one 
Holland, s. fine linen made in Holland 
Hol'low, a. having a void within ; deceitful 
Hol'low, /. a cavity, a hole, an opening 
Hol'lowness, s. the state of being hollow 
Hol'ly, x. a tree ; an evergreen shrub 
Hol'lyhock, s. the rose mallow 
Holme, s. a river island ; the evergreen oak 
Hol'ocaust, s. a burnt sacrifice 
Holp, Holp'en, part. pass, of to help 
Hols'ter, s. a case for a horseman's pistols 
Holt, s. a wood, particularly of willows 
Ho'ly, a. pure, religious, sacred, immaculate 
Hol'yday, s. an anniversary feast, a day Of 

gaiety and mirth •, a time of festivity 
Hom'age, s. duty, fealty, respect, service 
Home,;.country ; place of constant residence 
Ho'mebred, a. native, plain, artless 
Ho'meliness, s. plainness, coarseness 
Ho'mely, a. not elegant, coarse 
Ho'memade, a. made at home ; plain 
Ho'mer, s. a measure of about three pints 
Ho'mespun, a. made at home ; inelegant 
Ho'meward, ad. towards home 
Hom'icide, s. murder ; a murderer 
Hom'ily, s. a discourse read in churches 
Homoge'neous, a. of the same nature 
Homon'ymous, a. equivocal, ambiguous 
Homot'onous, a. equable, correspondent 
Hone, s. a stone to whet razors, &c. 
Hon'est, a. sincere, upright, chaste, just, true 
Hon'estly, ad. uprightly, justly, sincerely 
Hon'esty, s. justice, truth, purity, virtue 
Hon'ey, s. the sweet concoction of bees, &«?• 
Hon'eybag, s. the stomach of a bee 
Hon'eycomb, s . cells of wax for honey 
Hon'eydew, s. a sweet dew on plants 
Hon'eyless, a. without honey, empty 
Hon'eymoon, t. first month after marriage 
Hon'eysuckle, s. an odoriferous woodbine 
Hon'ied, part. a. covered with honey 
Hon'our, ;. dignity, reputation, virtue 
Hon'our, v. a. to reverence, to dignify, exalt 
Hou'ourable, a. illustrious ,generous,equitable 
Hon'ourably, ad. reputably, nobly 
Honorary, a. done or instituted in honour, 

conferring honour without gain 
Hood, i . an upper covering for the head 
Hood'wink, v. a. to blind, to hide, to deceive 
Hoof, /. the horny pa;t of n horse's foot 

H O R 


11 O Y 

Hook, s. a bent piece of iron, wood, &c. 
Hook, v. a. to catch, to ensnare, to fasten 
Hook'ed, a. bent, curvated 
Hoop, s. any thing circular 
Hoop, v. to bind with hoops ; to shout 
Hoop'ingcough, s. a Convulsive cough 
Hoot, s. a shout of contempt...^, n. to shout 
Hop, s. a plant ; a jump, a mean dance 
Hop, v. to leap on one leg, walk lame, &c 
Hope, s. confidence in a future event 
Hope, v. to expect with desire 
Ho'peful, a. full of expectation, promising 
Ho'peless, a. without hope ; left, abandoned 
Hop'ground, s. ground set apart for hops 
Hop'per, s. a part of a mill ; a basket 
Hop'ple, v. n. to tie the feet together 
Ho'ral,' Ho'rary, a. relating to an hour 
Horde, s. a clan, a migratory crew 
Hore'hound, s. a medicinal herb 
Hori'zon, s. a great imaginary line or circle, 
which divides the heavens and earth into 
two parts at hemispheres 
Horizontal, a. near the horizon ; level 
Horn, s. defensive weapon of an ox ; an in- 
strument of wind music 
Horn'book, s. the first book for children 
Horn'ed, a. furnished with horns 
Horn'er, s. one who deals in horns 
Horn'et, /. a large strong stinging fly 
Horn'pipe, s. a kind of single dance 
Horn'y, a. made of horns, callous, hard 
Hor'ologe, s. an instrument denoting time 
Hor'oscope, s. the configuration of the plan- 

ets at the hour of a person's birth 
Hor'rible, a. dreadful, shocking, terrible 
Hor'ribly, ad. dreadfully, hideously 
Hor'rid, a. hideous, enormous 
Hor'ridly, ad. hideously, shockingly 
Horrific, a. causing horror or dread 
Hor'ror, ;. terror mixed with detestation 
Horse, s. an animal ; a wooden machine 
Ho'rseback, s. the seat or state of riding 
Ho'rsebean, s. a small kind of bean 
Ho'rsebreaker, s. one. who tames horses 
Ho'rsefly, s. a fly that stings horses 
Ho'rsehair, s. the hair of horses 
Ho'rselaugh, s. a loud, violent, rude laugh 
Ho'rseleeth, s. a leech that bites horses 
Ho'rseman, s. one skilled in riding 
Ho'rsemanship, s. the art of managing a horse 
Ho'rsemarten, j-. a large kind of bee 
Ho'rsemeat, s. provender for horses 
Ho'rseplay, s. rough play, rudeness 
Ho'rsepond, s. a pond to water horses at 
Horserad'ish, s a root acrid and biting, a 

species of scurvy-grass 
Ho'rseshoe, s. a shoe for horses ;'an herb 
Ho'rseway, s. a broad open way 
Horta'tion, s. the act of exhorting, advice 
Hortative, a. tending to exhort, animating 
K Z 

Hort'ulan, a. belonging to a garden 
Hosan'na, s. an exclamation of praise to God 
Hose, jr. stockings ; breeches 
Ho'sier, s. one who sells stockings, &c. 
Hos'pitable, a. kind to strangers, friendly 
Hos'pitably, ad. in an hospitable manner 
Hos'pital, s. a receptacle for the sick and poor 
Hospital'ity, ;. the practice of entertaining 

strangers $ liberality in entertainments- 
Host, s. a landlord ; an army ; a number 
Hos'tage, s. a person left as a pledge for se- 
curing the performance of conditions 
Ho'stess, s. a female host, a landlady 
Hostile, a. adverse, opposite ; warlike 
Hostility, s. open war, a state of warfare 
Hostler, s. the manager of horses at an inn 
Hot, a. having heat, furious, eager, lustful 
Hot'bed, s. a bed of earth made hot by the 
fermentation of dung and manure 
j Hot'cockles, s. a species of childish play 
J llote'l, s. a genteel, public lodging-house 
i Hot'headed,a. passionate, violent 
Hot'house, s. a building contrived for ripen- 
ing exotics, &c by means cf heat 
Hot'spur, s. a violent, precipitate man ; a pea 
Hove, Ho'ven^part. pass, raised, swelled 
Hov'el, ;. a shed, a shelter for cattle 
Hov'er, v. n. to hang over head, to wander 
Hough, s. the lower part of the thigh 
Hough, v. a. to hamstring, to cut up 
Hound, j\ a dog who hunts by scent 
Hour, s. the 24th part of a day 
Hour'glass, s. a glass filled with sand, for tb,e 

purpose of measuring time 
Hour'iy, a. done every hour, frequent 
House, ;. a place of human abode 
House, v. to put under shelter, to harbour 
House'breaker, /. one who robs houses 
Housebreaking, s. robbing of houses 
House'hold, s. a family living together 
House'holdstuff, s. furniture, goods, utensi?s 
House'keeper, s. a superintending femaJe 

servant ; one who keeps a house 
House'keeping, s. domestic management 
House'less, a. destitute of abode 
House'maid, s. a female menial servant 
House'room, s. convenient apartments 
House'warming, s, a feast usual on taking 

possession of a house 
House'wife, s. a female economist 
House'wifery, s. frugality in domestic affairs 
How ? ad. in what-manner or degree 
Howbe'it, ad. nevertheless, notwithstanding 
Howev'er, ad. notwithstanding ; yet, at least 
j How'i'tzer, s. a kind of bomb 
Howl, v. n. to utter cries in distress, as a dog 
Howl'ing, j. the noise of a dog, &c. 
Howsoev'er, ad. in whatever manner 
Hox, v. a. to hamstring, to hough 
Hoy, ;. a coasting vessel, a small shi? 

H U R 



Hub'bub, s . a tumult, confusion, great noise 
Huck'aback, s. a kind of figured linen 
Huc'klebone, s. the hipbone 
Huck'ster, /. a retailer of- small wares 
Hud'dle, v. to do a thing in a flurry ; to crowd 

together in a confused manner 
Hudibras'tic, a. doggerel, like Hudibras 
Hue,.*, shade of colour, tint; clamour, pursuit 
Huff, v. to chide with insolence 
Huff'ish, a. arrogant, insolent, hectoring 
Hug, v. a. to embrace fondly, to hold fast 
Huge, a. vast, immense, large, enormous 
Hu'gely, ad. immensely, greatly, very much 
Hug'ger-mug'ger, ;. a bye-place ; secresy 
Hulk, s. the body of a ship ; a clown 
Hull, s. the body of a ship ; a shell or husk 
Hum, v. n. to sing low, to buzz ; to deceive 
Hum, s. a buzzing noise ; a deception 
Hu'man, a. having the qualities of a man 
Huma'ne, a. kind, goodnatured, tender 
Human'ity, s. benevolence, compassion, gen- 
erosity ; the nature of man 
Hu'mankind, s. the race of man 
Hum'ble, a. modest, submissive 
Hum'ble, v. a. to subdue ; to condescend 
Hum'bles, s. pi. the entrails of a deer 
Hum'bly, ad. submissively, lowly 
Hum'dium, s. a stupid person. ..a. dull 
Humecta'tion, s. a moistening or wetting 
Hu'meial, a. belonging to the shoulder 
Hu'mid, a. wet, moist, watery, damp 
Humidity, s. moisture, dampness 
Humiliation, t. the act of humility 
Humil'ity, s. freedom from pride, modesty 
Hum'mingbird, s. the smallest of all birds 
Ha'mour, ;. moisture ; whim, jocularity 
Hu'mour, v. a. to qualify, to sooth 
Hu'mourist, s, one who gratifies his humour 
Hu'morous, a. jocular, whimsical, pleasant 
Humpback, s. a crooked back 
Hunch, v. n. to jostle ; to crook the back 
Hun'dred, s. ten multiplied by ten ; part of a 

shire or county 
Hung, pret. and part. pass, of to bang 
Hun'ger, /. a desire of food ; violent desire 
Hun'gry, a. in want of food 
flunks, t. a covetous sordid wretch, a miser 
Hunt, v. to chase, to pursue, to search for 
Hunt, s. a pack of hounds ; a chase, a pursuit 
Hunt'er, s. one who chases animals 
Hunts'man, s. one who manages the dogs 

for, r.nd one who delights in, hunting 
Har'dle, s. a grate ; sticks wove together for 

various uses ; a sort of sledge, c^c. 
Hurd3, s. pi. the refuse of hemp or flax 
Hurl, v. a. to throw with violence 
Hurl'bat, s. whirlbat ; a weapon 
Hur'ly-bur'iy, /. bustle, tumult, confusion, 
Hur'ricane, /. a violent storm, a tempest 
H«.u'ry,a\ t© hasten, to move with haste 

Hur'ry, s . precipitation, haste ; a tumult 
Hurt, s. harm, mischief, wound, or bruise 
Hurt, v. a. to injure, to wound, to harm 
Hurt'ful, a. pernicious, mischievous 
Hur'tle, v. to skirmish, to move violently 
Hurt'less, a. harmless, innocent, innoxious 
Hus'band, s. a married man ; an economist 
Hus'band, v. a. to manage frugally ; to till 
Hus'bandless, a. without a husband 
Hus'bandman, s. one who works in tillage 
Husbandry, s. tillage ; thrift, care, frugality 
Hush } v. to still,to appease,to quiet ; to forbid 
Hush'money, s. a bribe to induce secresy 
Husk,j. the outward integument of fruits,&c> 
Husk'y, a. abounding in husks, dry 
Hus'sar, s . a kind of horse-soldier 
Hus'sy, s. a sorry or bad woman ; a bag 
Hus'tings,j. pi. a council, a court held 
Hus'tle, v. a. to shake together 
Hus'wife, v. a. to manage with frugality 
Hut, j. a poor cottage, a mean abode 
Hutch, s. a corn-chest ; a rabbit-box 
Hux, v. n. to catch pike with a bladder, &6 
Huzza' ! inter, a shout of joy or acclamation 
Hy'acinth, s. a flower ; a colour 
Hyacinth'ine, a. like hyacinths 
Hy'ades, s. pi. the seven stars 
Hy'aline, a. glassy, crystalline, clear 
Hy'dra, s . a monster with many heads 
Hy'dragogues, s. pi. medicinal preparations 

for the purgation of watery humours 
Hydrau'lical, a. relating to hydraulics 
Hydraul'ics, s. pi. the science of that philoso- 
phy which treats of the motion of fluids, 
and the art of conveying water 
Hydrocele, s. a watery rupture 
Hydrocephalus, s. a dropsy in the head 
Hydrog'rapher, s. one skilled in the art of hy- 
drography ; a teacher of hydrography 
Hydrog'raphy, t. the art of measuring and 

describing the sea and its boundaries 
Hy'dromancy, s . a prediction by water 
Hy'dromel, x. honey and water ; mead 
Hydrom'eter, or Hygrom'eter, s. an instru- 
ment to measure the extent of water 
Hydrophobia, s. a distemper occasioned hy 

the bite of a mad dog j dread of water 
Hydrop'ical, a. dropsical, watery 
Hydrostat'ical, a. relating to hydrostatics 
Hydrostat'ics, s. pi. the science of the gravi- 
tation of fluids ; weighing fluids 
Hye'na, /. a fierce animal, like a wolf 
Kym, s. a species of very fierce dog 
Hymene'al, a. pertaining to marriage 
Hymn, z\ a. to praise in songs of adoration 
Hymn, s. a divine song, a song of praise 
Hym'nic, a. relating to hymns 
Hyp, v. a. to make melancholy, to dispirit 
Hypal'lage, s. a change of cases, &c. 
Hyperbol'ical, <*. exaggerating beyond, fajft. 

J A S 


I D O 

Hyperbole, s. a rhetorical figure, which con- 
sists in representing things much gveatei 
or less than they really are 
Hyperbo'rean, a. northern ; cold 
Hypercrit'ic, s. an unreasonable critic 
Hypercritical, a. critical beyond use 
Hy'phen, s. a short line thus (-) put between 
two words or syllables, to shew that they 
are to be joined together 
Hypnot'ic, s. a medicine causing sleep 
Hypochon'driac, s. one affected with melan- 
choly j or disordered in the imagination... 
a. melancholy, dispirited 
Hypoc'risy, s. dissimulation, a pretence 

Hyp'ocrite, s. a dissembler in religion, &c. 
Hypocrit'ical, a: dissembling, insincere, false 
Hypocritically, ad. without sincerity 
Hypostasis, /. a distinct substance ; person- 
ality ; a term more particularly used in 
the doctrine of the Holy Trinity 
Hypostat'ical, a. constitutive ; distinct 
Hypoth'esis, /. a system upon supposition 
Hypothetical, a. supposed, conditional 
Hypothet1cally,«d. upon supposition 
Hyrst, or Herst, s. a wood or thicket 
Hys'sop, s. the name of a purgative plant 
Hysteric, Hysterical, a. troubled with fits 
Hysterics, s. fits peculiar to womea 


IIS used as an abbreviation for id, as i. e. 
id est, or, that is ; it is a numeral for one ; 
and is sometimes an abbreviation for Je- 
sus, as J. H. S. Jesus Hominum Salvator, 
that is, Jesus the Saviour of men 
Jabtjer, v. n. to talk much or idly, to chatter 
Jab'berer, s. one who talks inarticulately 
Ja'cent, a. lying at length, extended 
Ja'cinth, s. a precious gem ; the hyacinth 
Jack, /. John ; an engine ; a young pike 
Jack'al,*. a beast somewhat resembling a fox, 

said to hunt or start prey for the lion 
Jack'alent, s. a simple, sheepish fellow 
Jack'anapes, s. a monkey ; a coxcomb 
Jack'daw, s. a black chattering bird 
Jack'et, s. a close waistcoat, a short coat 
Jac'obite, s. a partizan of James II. 
Jacula'tion, s . the act of throwing or darting 
Jade, s. a worthless horse ; a sorry woman 
Jade, v. a. to tire, to weary, to ride down 
Ja'dish, a. unruly, vicious ; unchaste 
Jagg, v. a. to notch.../, a denticulation 
Jag'gy, a. uneven, notched, ragged 
Jal'ap, s. a purgative root from New Spain 
Jam, s. a conserve of fruit; a child's frock 
Jam, v. a. to confine between, to wedge in 
Jamb, s. the upright post of a door 
lam'bic, /. verses which are composed of a 

long and short syllable alternately 
Jan'gle, v. to wrangle, to be out of tune 
Janizary, s. a Turkish soldier; a guard 
Jant'y, or Jaunt'y, a, showy, gay, giddy 
Jan'uary, s. the first month of the year 
Japa'n, s. a varnish made to work in colours 
Japan'ner, s. one skilled in japan work 
Jar, v. n. to clash, to disagree, to differ 
Jar, s. a harsh sound ; an earthen vessel 
Jar'gon, /. gibberish, gabble, nonsensical talk 
Jsa'perj s, a precious greea stone* 

Jav'elin, /. a spear, or half pike 
Jaun'dice, s. a distemper caused by the ob- 
structions of the gall in the liver 
Jaun'diced, a. affected with the jaundice 
Jaunt, -v. n. to walk or travel about 
Jaunt, ;. a ramble, a flight, an excursion 
Jauntlness, s. airiness, flutter, briskness 
Jaw, s. the bone in which the teeth are fixed 
Jay, /. a bird with gaudy feathers 
Ja'zel, s. a precious azure or blue stone 
Ice, s. frozen water ; sugar concreted 
Ichnog'raphy, s . a groundplot, a platform 
I'chor, s . a humour arising from ulcers 
I'chorous, a. sharp, thin, indigested 
I'cicie, s. dripping water frozen, hanging 

from the eaves of a house, &c. 
I'con, ;. a picture, a representation 
Idterlcal, a. afflicted with the jaundice 
I'cy, a. full of ice, cold ; frigid, backward 
Ide'a, /. mental imagination ; a notion 
Ide'al, a. mental, intellectual, conceived 
Ide'ally, ad. intellectually, mentally 
Iden'tic, Iden'tical, a . the same 
Identical ness, Iden'tity, /. sameness 
Ides, s. pi. a term of time amongst the an. 
cient Romans. It is the 1 3th day of each 
month, except March, May, July, and 
October, in which it is the 15th 
Idiom, j. a particular mode of speech 
Idiot, s. a fool, a changeling, a natural 
Id'iotism, s. folly; natural imbecility of mind 
I'dle, a. lazy, unemployed, worthless 
I'dle, v. n. to spend time in inactivity 
Idlehead'ed, a. foolish, unreasonable 
I'dleness, s. sloth, laziness, folly 
I'dler, s. a lazy person, a sluggard 
I'dly, ad. lazily, carelessly, foolishly 
I'dol, s . an image worshipped as a god 
Wol'ater, s. a worshipper of idoft 



I M I 

Idol'atrize, v. n. to worship idols 
Idol'atrous, a. tending or given to idolatry 
Idol'atry, s. the worship of images 
I'dolize, v. a. to worship as a deity 
I'dyl, s. a small short poem ; an eclogue 
Jeal'ous, a. suspicious, fearful, cautious 
Jeal'ousy, s. suspicion, in love especially 
Jeat, s. a fossil of a fine black colour 
Jeer, v. to treat with scorn, to scoff, to flout 
Jeho'vah, s. the appropriate name of God in 

the Hebrew language 
Jeju'ne, a. hungry; unaffecting ; trifling 
Jeju'neness, s. poverty, a want of matter 
Jel'ly, s. a light, transparent, sizy broth ; a 

sweetmeat of various species 
Jen'net, s. a Spanish or Barbary horse 
Jen'neting, s. a species of forward apple 
Jeop'ard, v. a. to hazard, to put in danger 
Jeop'ardous, a. hazardous, dangerous 
Jeop'ardy, s. danger, peril, hazard 
Jerk, s. a quick smart lash ; a quick jolt 
Jer'kin, s . a jacket ; a kind of hawk 
Jer'sey, s. a fine yarn of wool 
Jes'samine, s. a fragrant flower 
Jest, /. any thing ludicrous ; a laughing stock 
Jesting, j. talk to raise laughter 
Jesuitical, a. shuffling, artful, deceitful 
Jet, s. a curious black fossil ; a spout of water 
Jet, v. n. to shoot forward, to protrude 
Jet'sam , s . goods thrown ashore by shipwreck 
Jet'ty, a. made of jet, black as jet 
Jew'el, s. a precious stone, a gem 
Jew'eller, s. one who deals in precious stones 
Jew's-harp, s. a small musical instrument 
Ig'neous, a. containing or emitting fire 
Ig'nis-fat'uus, s. a kind of fiery vapour, call- 
ed Will-with-a-wisp ; a delusion 
Igni'tion, s. the a£t of setting on fire 
Ignit'ibie, a. inflammable, easily set on fire 
Igno'ble, a. mean of birth ; worthless 
Igno'bly, ad. disgracefully, ignominiously 
Ignominious, a. mean, disgraceful, shameful 
Ignominiously, ad. meanly, scandalously 
Ig'nominy, s. disgrace, reproach, shame 
Ignora'mus, s. a foolish fellow, vain pretender 
Ig'norance, s. want of knowledge 
Ig'norant, a illiterate, without knowledge 
Jig, s. a light careless dance or tune 
Jilt, s. a deceiving woman...?;, a. to deceive 
Jin'gle, s. any thing sounding; a rattle 
lie, s. a walk or alley in a church 
Il'iac, a. belonging to the lower bowels 
Il'iad, :. an heroic poem by Homer 
111, a. sick, disordered, not in health 
111, ;. wickedness, misery, misfortune 
Illab'orate, a. done without much labour 
Illa'pse, s. a sliding, or gently falling in or 

upon ; a sudden attack, casual coming 
Illa'queate, v. a. to entangle, to ensnare 
Ilta'tion, ;. an inference, a conclusion 

Illa'tive, a. that which may be inferred 
Illaud'able, a. unworthy of commendation 
Hlaud'ably, ad. unworthily, meanly 
Ille'gal, a. contrary to law, unjust 
Illegality, s. a contrariety to law 
Ille'gally, ad. in a contrary manner to law 
Illegible, a. what cannot be clearly read 
Illegitimacy, s. a state of bastardy 
Illegitimate, a. born out of wedlock 
lllfa'voured, a. of a bad countenance 
Illib'eral, a. sparing, mean, disingenuous 
IUib'erally, ad. meanly, disingenuously 
Illi'cit, a. unlawful, unfit; contraband 
Illimitable, a. that which cannot be bounded 
Illiterate, a. unlearned, ignorant, untaught 
Illit'erateness, s. a want of learning 
Illna'ture, s. peevishness, malevolence 
Illna'tured, a. peevish, untraceable, cross 
Ill'ness, s. sickness, disorder, weakness 
Illo'gical, a. contrary to rules of reasoning 
Illu'de, v. a. to mock, to play upon, deceive 
Illu'me, Illu'mine, lllu'minate, v. a. to en- 
lighten, to adorn, to illustrate 
Ulumina'tion, s. the act of giving light, 
brightness ; lights set forth as a mark of joy 
Illu'sion, s. a false show, error, mockery 
Illu'sive, a. deceiving by false show 
Illu'sory, a. deceiving, fraudulent 
Illus'trate, v. a. to brighten with light ; to 

explain, to clear, to elucidate 
Illustration, s. explanation, exposition 
Illustrative, a. able or tending to explain 
Illus'trious, a. conspicuous, noble, eminent 
Illus'triously, ad. conspicuously, eminently 
Im'age, s. a picture, a statue, an idol ; an ide» 
Im'agery, s. sensible representation ; show 
Imaginable, a. possible to be conceived 
Ima'ginary, a. fancied, visionary, ideal » 

Imagina'tion, s. fancy, conception, scheme 
Ima'gine, v. a. to fancy, to contrive 
Imbe'cile, v. a. to lessen a fortune privately 
i Imbecility, s. weakness, feebleness 
| Imbi'be, v. a. to drink in, to admit into 
i Imbit'ter,-!;. a. to make bitter; to exasperate- 
| Imbo'dy, i>.#. to condense to a body; to enclose 
I Imbold'en, v. a. to make bold, to encourage 
! Imbo'som, v. a. to hold in the bosom 
i Imbo'w, v. a. to arch, to vault 
| Imbow'er, v. a. to shelter with trees 
! Imbrica'tion, s. a concave indenture 
J Imbro'wn, v. a. to make brown, to obscure 
! Irnbru'e, v. a. to steep, to soak, to wet much 
| Imbru'ed, part, soaked, dipt, wetted 
j Imbru'te, v. a. to degrade to brutality 
! Imbu'e, v. a. to tincture deep, to tinge 
! Imbu'rse, v. a. to stock with money 
j Imitable,#. worthy or possible to be imitated, 
| Imitate, v. a. to follow the manner, way, or 
j aftion of another person ; to copy 
i Imitative, a. inclined or tending to copy 


Imita'tion, s. the act of copying; an attempt 

to make a resemblance ; a copy 
Imita'tor, s. he who copies or imitates 
Imita'trix, s. she who imitates, &c. 
Immac'ulate, a. spotless, pure, undented 
Imman'acle, v. a. to fetter, to confine 
Im'manent, a. inherent, intrinsic, internal 
Imman'ifest, a. not plain, doubtful, uncertain 
Imman'ity, s. barbarity, savageness, brutality 
Immarces'sible, a. unfading, perpetual 
Immar'tial, a. not warlike, weak, impotent 
Immaterial, a. trifling ; incorporeal 
Immatu're, a. not ripe, not perfect ; hasty 
Immatu'rely, ad. too soon, too early 
Immaturity, s. unripeness, incompleteness 
Immeasurable, a. not to be measured 
Imme'diate, a. instant; acting by itself 
Immediately, ad. presently, instantly 
Immed'icable, a. not to be healed, past cure 
lmmemo'rial, a. past time of memory 
Imme'nse, a. unlimited, infinite, huge 
Immensely, ad. without measure, infinitely 
Immen'sity, s. unbounded greatness, infinity 
Immer'ge, Imme'rse, v. a. to sink or plunge 

under water ; to dip in water 
Immer'ged, Immer'sed, part, sunk deep 
Immer'sion, s. dipping under water 
Immeihod'ical, a. confused, irregular 
Immethod'ically, ad. without method 
Im'minence, /• an immediate danger 
Im'minent, a. impending, threatening 
Imminu'tion, s. a diminution, a decrease 
Immis'sion, s. a sending in, an injection 
Iromi'x, Immin'gle. v. a. to mix, to unite 
Immix'able, a. impossible to be mixed 
Immobility, s. immoveabieness 
Immoderate, a. excessive,more than enough, 

exceeding the due means 
Immod'erately, ad. in an excessive degree 
Immod'est, a. shameless, obscene, impure 
Immod'estly, ad. without modesty 
Immod'esty, s. a want of purity or delicacy 
Im'molate, v. a. to sacrifice, to offer up 
Immola'tion, s. the act of sacrificing 
Immo'ment, a. trifling, of little value 
Immor'al, a. dishonest, irreligious, vicious 
Immoral'ity, s. want of virtue ; vice 
Immortal, a. perpetual, never to die 
Immortal'ity, s- an exemption from death 
Immor'talize, v. to make or become immortal 
Immoveable, a. unshaken, firm, stable 
Immo'veably, ad. not to be shaken, firmly 
Immu'nity, s. privilege, ^emption, freedom 
Immu're, v.a. to enclose,to shut in, to confine 
Immu'sical, a. harsh, inharmonious 
Immutability, s. invariableness, constancy 
Immu'table, a. invariable, unalterable 
Imp, s. an offspring ; a puny devil 
Imp, v. a. to lengthen ; to enlarge 
Jmpa'ct, v. a. to drive close or hard 

Impa'int, v. a. to paint, to adorn, to decorate 
Impa'ir, v. to lessen, to injure, to make worse 
Impal'pable, a. not perceptible by touch 
Impar'ity, s. disproportion, inequality 
Imparlance, s. dialogue, conference 
Impa'rt, v. a. to communicate ; to grant unto 
Impart'ance, j. a grant, a communication 
Impartial, a. equitable, equal, just 
Impartiality, s. equitableness, justice 
Impartially, ad. equitably, without bias 
Impassable, a. that which cannot be passed 
Impas'sioned, a. seized with passion 
Impa'tience, s. uneasiness under sufferings; 

vehemence of temper, eagerness 
Impa'tient, a. eager, not able to endure 
Impa'tiently, ad. eagerly, passionately 
Impa'wrij'u. a. to pawn, to give as a pledge 
Impe'ach, v. a. to accuse by public authority 
Impeach'ment, s. a legal accusation ; an im- 
pediment, hinderance, obstruction 
Impe'arl, v. a. to form like pearls, to adorn 
Impec'cable, a. not subject to sin, perfect 
Irnpe'de, v. a. to hinder, to obstruct, to let 
Impediment, s. hinderance, obstruction 
j Impe'l, v. a. to urge forwards, to press on 

Impel'lent, s. a power to drive forward 
I Impe'nd, v. n. to hang over, to be at hand 
Impendent, a. hanging over or near 
Impending, a. hanging ready to fall 
Impenetrable, a. that which cannot be pene- 
trated or discovered ; not to be pierced 
Impendence, s. a hardness of heart, or a 

continuance in evil courses ; obduracy 
Impen'itent, a. obdurate, remorseless 
Impen'itently, ad. without repentance 
Im'perate, a. done with consciousness 
Imperative, a. commanding, ordering 
Imporcep'tible, a. not to be perceived 
Impercep'tibly, ad. in a manner not to bs 

perceived ; not subject to perception 
Imper'fect, a. frail, not complete, defective 
Imperfec'tion, s. a defect, a failure, a fault 
Imper'fectly, ad. not completely, not fully 
Imperforate, a. not pierced through 
Impe'rial, a. belonging to an emperor 
Imperialist, s. one belonging to an emperor 
Impe'rious, a. haughty, arrogant, lordly 
Impe'riously, ad. insolently, arrogantly 
Imper'ishable, a. not to be destroyed 
Imper'sonal, a. having no person 
lmperspic'uous, a. not sufficiently clear 
Impersua'sible, a. not to be persuaded 
Imper'tinence, s. folly, intrusion ; a trifle 
Imper'tinent, a. intrusive, meddling 
Impertinently, ad. officiously, intrusively 
Imper'vious, a . impassable, inaccessible 
Im'petrate, v. a. to obtain by entreaty 
Impetuos'ity, s. violence, fury, vehemence 
Impet'uous, a. violent, forcible, fierce 
Im'petus, /. a violent efforts force, stroke 


I N A 

Impi'ety, s. wickedness, irreverence 
Impig'norate, v. a. to pawn, to pledge 
Impi'age, v. to fall or strike against, to clash 
Impin'guate, v. a. to fatten, to make fat 
Im'picus, a. wicked, profane, irreligious 
Im'picusly, ad. profanely, wickedly 
Impla'cable, a. malicious, not to be appeased ; 

inexorable, constant in enmity 
Impla'cabiy, ad. with constant enmity 
Irapla'nt, •». a. to ingraft, to infix, to insert 
Implausible, a. not specious, impersuasive 
Imple'ad, v. a. to prosecute, to sue at law 
Im'piement, s. a tool ; instrument ; vessel 
Imple'tion, s. the act of filling up 
Im'plex, a. intricate, entangled, complicated 
Im'plicate, v. a. to entangle, to embarrass 
Implication, s. involution, a tacit inference ; 

a necessary consequence 
Impli'cit, a. tacitly understood; founded on 

the authority of others ; involved 
Impli'citly, ad. dependency, by inference 
Implode, v. a. to ask , beg, beseech, entreat 
Imply', v. a. to comprise, to infold, suggest 
Impois'on, v. a. to corrupt with poison 
Impoli'te, a. unpolite, rude, ungenteel 
Impolitic, a. imprudent, indiscreet 
Impon'derous, a. void of weight, light 
Impo'rous, a. free from pores, compact 
Impo'rt, v. a. to bring commodities from 

abroad; to signify or denote, to concern 
Im'port, s. importance ; things imported 
Importance, s. a matter, subject, moment 
Important, a momentous, of consequence 
Importation, s. act of bringing from abroad 
Jrnpori'er, s. one who brings from abroad 
Importless, a. trifling, of no consequence 
Impor'tunate, a. incessant in solicitation 
Importu'ne, v. a. to teaze with solicitations 
Importu'nely, ad. incessantly, unseasonably 
Importu'nity, s. incessant solicitation 
Import'uous, a. having no harbour 
Impo'se, 7). «. to enjoin as a duty ; to deceive 
Impo'seable, a. that may be laid by obligation 
Impo'ser, s. one who imposes, or enjoins 
Imposi'tion, s. an injunction ; a tax or tri- 
bute ; an oppression ; a cheat or fr?v.d 
Impossibility, s. that which cannot be done 
Impossible, a. impracticable 
Im'post, j. a tax, a custom to be paid 
Impos'thumate, v. n. to form an abscess 
Impos'thume, s. any swelling or gathering of 

corrupt matter in an abscess 
Impo'stor, s. a false pretender, a cheat 
Im'potence, Im'potency, s. want of power, 

incapacity, feebleness 
Im'potent, a. weak, feeble, wanting power 
Im'potently, ad. without power, weakly 
Impo'und, v. a. to shut up in a pinfold 
Impracticable, a. impossible, unattainable 
Im'precate , v. a. to invoke evil, to curse 

Impreca'tion, j. an invocation of evil 
Im'precatory, a. containing wishes of evil 
Impreg'nable, a. not to be taken, unmoved 
Impregnate, v. a. to make prolific 
Impreju'dicate, a. unprejudiced, impartial 
lmprepara'tion, s. a want of preparation 
j Impre'ss, v. a. to print, to stamp ; to force 
J Impress'ible, a. what may be impressed 
l Impres'sion, s. the print of a stamp or seal; 
an edition of a book ; image fixed in the 
mind, or influence made on it 
Impres'sure, s. a mark made by pressure 
Impri'mis, ad. in the first piace 
Impri'nt, v. a. to print, to fix on the mind 
Impris'on, v. a. to confine, to shut up 
Imprisonment, s. a confinement in prison 
Improbability, s. unlikelihood 
Improvable, a. incredible, unlikely 
Im'probate, v. a. to disapprove, to disallow 
Improba'tion, s. the act of disallowing 
Improb'ity, s. dishonesty, baseness 
Improliflcate, v. a. to make fruitful 
Improp'er, a. unfit, unqualified, not just 
Impropriate, v. a. to convert to private use 
Impropriation, s. an ecclesiastical benefice, 
or church lands in the immediate occupa- 
tion of a layman 
Impropria'tor, s. a layman having church 

lands wholly at his own disposal 
Impropriety, s. unfitness, inaccuracy 
Impros'perous, a. unsuccessful, unfortunate 
Improvable, a- capable of improvement 
Impro've,7;. to raise from good to better 
Improvement, s. progress from good to bet- 
ter ; education ; the act of improving 
Improvidence, s. a want of forethought 
Improvident, a. wanting care to provide 
Impru'dence, s. indiscretion, negligence, folly 
Impru'dent, a. wanting prudence, injudicious 
Impru'dently, ad. indiscreetly, carelessly 
lm'pudence, s. shamelessness, immodesty 
Im'pudent, a. shameless, wanting modesty 
Im'pudently, ad. shamelessly, saucily 
Impu'gn, v. a. to attack, to assault 
Im'pulse,j a communicated force; an inward 

indignation ; motive, Idea 
Impul'sive, a. having power to impel 
Impu'nity, s. exemption from punishment 
Impu're, a. unholy; unchaste; drossy 
Impu'rely, ad. in an impure manner 
Impu'rity, /. lewdness, filthiness 
Impur'ple, v. a. to colour as with purple 
Impu'table, a. chargeable upon any one 
Imputation, s. an accusation or charge 
Imputative, a. that which may be imputed 
Impu'te, v. a. to charge upon, to attribute 
Imputres'cible, a. not to be corrupted 
Inability, s • a want of power, impotence 
Inaccessible, a. not to be come at 



1 N C 

Inac 'curacy, s. a want of exactness 
Inac'curate, a. not exact, not accurate 
Inac'tion,/. a cessation from labour ; idleness 
Inac'tive, a. indolent, sluggish, not diligent 
Tnac'tively, ad. without labour, sluggishly 
Inactivity, s. idleness ; rest ; sluggishness 
Inadequate, a. defective, disproportionate 
Inadequately, ad. defectively, impeifectly 
Inadvert'ence, s. negligence, inattention 
Inadvert'ent, a. inconsiderate, Xareless 
Inadvertently, ad. negligently, carelessly 
Inal'ienable, a. that cannot be alienated 
Inaliment'al, a. affording no nourishment 
Inamora'to, s. a lover, a fond person 
Ina'ne, a. void, empty, useless 
Inanimate, a, void of life, without animation 
Inani'tion, s. an emptiness of body 
Inap'petence, s. a want of stomach or appetite 
Inapplicable, a. not to be particularly applied 
Inapplica'tion, s. inactivity, indolence 
Inap'posite, a. unfit, unsuitable, improper 
Inar'able, a. not capable of tillage 
luartic'ulate, a. not uttered distinctly 
Inartic'ulately, ad. indistinctly, confusedly 
Xnartifi'cial, a. done contrarily to art 
Inartifi'cially, ad. immethodically, badly 
Inatten'tion, s. disregard, carelessness 
Inatten'tive,^. regardless, negligent 
Inattentively, ad. carelessly, heedlessly 
Inaud'ible, a. not to te heard, void of sound 
Inaug'uiate, v. a to invest with solemnity 
Iuaugun/tion, >. investiture with solemnities 
Inaura'tion, s. the act of covering with gold 
Inauspi'cious, a. unlucky, unfortunate 
InCeing, s. inherence, inseparableness 
In'born, a. implanted by nature, innate 
Inbre'd, a. bred, or hatched within 
Incales'cence, s. an increased warmth 
Incanta'tion, s. an enchantment, a charm 
Incan'tatory, a. dealing by enchantment 
Incan'ton, v. a. to join to a canton 
Incapability, s. a disqualification, inability 
Inca'pable. a. unable, disqualified, unfit 
Incapa'cious, a. narrow, of small content 
Incapacitate, v. a. to disable, to disqualify 
Incapacity, s. inability, a want of power 
Incar'cerate, v. a. to imprison, co confine 
Inca'rn, v. to cover with, or breed flesh 
Incarn'adine, v. a. to die or tinge with red 
Incarn'ate, a. clothed or embodied in flesh 
Incama'tion, /. the act of assuming a body 
Inca'se, v. a. to cover, to enclose, to infold 
Inc'avated, a. made hollow ; bent in 
Incau'tious, a. unwary, heedless, careless 
Incau'tiously, ad. unwarily, heedlessly 
Incen'diary, s. one who sets houses or towns 

on fire ; a sower of strife and sedition | 

In'cense, s. a perfume offered to images 
Incen'se, v.a. to provoke, to enrage, to stir up j 
lacens'edj/w/. provoked, exasperated 

Incen sory, /. a vessel for burning incense ia 
Incentive, s. an incitement or motive 
Incentive, a. enticing, encouraging 
Incep'tion, s. a beginning, a commencing 
Incer'titude, s. uncertainty, doubtfulness 
Inces'sant, a. continual, unceasing 
Inces'santly, ad. without intermission 
In'cest, s. unnatural and criminal conjunction 

of persons too nearly related 
Incest'uous,#. guilty of unnatural cohabitation 
Inch, ;. a measure, the twelfth part of a foot 
Inch'ipin, s. part of a deer's inside 
Inch'meai, s. a piece of an inch long 
In'choate, v. a. to begin, to commence 
Inchoa'tion, ;. a beginning of any work 
Inci'de, v. a. to cut, to cut into, to divide 
Incidence, In'cident, s. an accidental cir- 
cumstance, an event, a casualty 
In'cident, Incidental, a. casual, happening 

by chance, fortuitous; occasional 
Incin'erate, -v. a. to burn to ashes 
Incip'ient, a. beginning, arising 
Incircumspec'tion, /. a want of caution 
Inci'sed, a. cut, made by cutting 
Inci'sion, Inci'sure, /. a cut, a wound made 
Inci'sive, a having the quality of cutting 
Inci'sor, s. a tooth so called, the cutter 
Incita'tion, Inci'tement, s. an incentive 
Inci'te, v. a. to stir up, to spur, to animate 
Incivil'ity, s. rudeness, a want of courtesy 
Inclem'ency, s. cruelty, harshness 
Inclem'ent, a. unmerciful, rough, harsh 
Inclinable, a. favourably disposed, willing 
Inclination, s. tendency to a point; affec- 
tion ; propension of mind ; natural aptness 
Incli'ne, v. to bend, to lean ; to be disposed 
Incli'p, v.a. to grasp, to enclose, to surround 
Inclois'ter, v. a. to shut up in a cloister 
Inclo'ud, v. a. to darken, to obscure 
Inclu'de, vm. to enclose, to shut ; to comprise 
Inclu'sion, s. the act of including 
Inclu'sive, a. comprehending, enclosing 
Incoag'ulable, a. incapable of concretion 
Incoexist'ence, s. the not existing together 
Inco'gitancy, s. a want of thought 
Inco'gitative, a. wanting power of thought 
Incog'nito, ad. in a state of concealment 
Incoherence, s. incongruity; want of con- 
nexion; inconsequence; want of cohesion 
Incohe'rent, a. inconsistent, disagreeing 
Incoherently, ad. inconsistently, loosely 
Incombustible, a. not to be consumed by fire 
In'come, t. profit, rent, revenue 
Incommensurable, a. not to be measured 
Incbmmis'cible, a. not to be mixed 
Incommo'de, v. a. to trouble, to embarrass 
Incommodious, a. vexatious, unsuitable 
Incommodiously, £rf. inconveniently, unfitly 
Incommu'nicable, a. not to be communicat- 
ed, imparted, or dissevered 



Incommu'table, a. not to be exchanged 
Incompa'ct, a. not joined, not adhering 
Incom'parable, a. excellent, matchless 
Incomparably, ad. beyond comparison 
IncompasSionate, a. void of pity, cruel 
Incompatible, a. inconsistent with another 
Incompetency, ;. inability, insufficiency 
Incom'petent, a. not adequate, unsuitable 
Incompetently, ad. unsuitably, unfitly 
Incomplete, a. not finished, not perfect 
Incompliance, *, untractableness, refusal 
IncompoSed,«. disturbed, discomposed 
Incompos'ite, a. uncompounded, simple 

s . the quality of being inconceivable 
Incomprehensible, a. not to be conceived 
Incomprehensibly, ad. inconceivably 
Incompressible, a. not capable of being forc- 
ed into a less space, not to be pressed 
Inconceal'able, a. not to be hid or kept secret 
Inconceivable, Inconcep'tible, a. not to be 
conceived or imagined, incomprehensible 
Inconceivably, ad. beyond comprehension 
Inconclu'dent, a. inferring no consequence 
Inconclusive, a. not conclusive, not convinc- 
ing, not exhibiting cogent evidence 
InconcluSiveness, s . a want of rational con- 
viction, want of proof or cogency 
Inconco'ct, a. unripened, immature 
Inconcoc'tion, s. the state of being undigested 
Inconcur'ring,<z. not agreeing or uniting 
InconcusSible, a. not to be shaken 
Incon'dite, a. irregular, rude, unpolished 
Incondi'tional, Incondi'tionate, a. unlimited, 

unrestrained ; without condition 
Inconfor'mity, s. incompliance with practice 
Incongruence, Incongruity, s. inconsistency, 

disagreement, absurdity 
Incon'gruous, a. inconsistent, not fitting 
Inconnex'edly, ad. without any connexion 
Incon'sequence, s. inconclusiveness 
Inconsequent, a. without regular inference 
Inconsid'erable, a. unworthy of notice 
Inconsid'erableness, s. small importance 
Inconsid'erate, a. careless, thoughtless 
Inconsiderately, ad. thoughtlessly 
Inconsid'erateness, Inconsidera'tion, s. a want 

of thought, inattention, rashness 
Inconsistency, s. unsteadiness, incongruity 
Inconsistent, a. contrary, incompatible 
Inconsistently, ad. absurdly, incongruously 
Inconsist'ing, a. disagreeing with 
Inconso'lable, a. not to be comforted 
Incon'sonancy, s . disagreement with itself 
Inconspic'uous, a. not discernible 
Inconstancy, s. unsteadiness, mutability 
Inconstant, a. not firm, unsteady, variable 
Inconsumable, a. not to be wasted 
Incontestable, a. not to be disputed ; certain 
lacoatest'ably, ad> indisputably 

Incontig'uous, a. not joined together 
Incontinence, s. intemperance, unchastity 
lncon'tinent, a. unchaste, loose ; immediate 
Incon'tinently, ad. unchastely; directly 
Incontrovertible, a. indisputable, certain 
Incontrovert'ibly, ad. indisputably, certainly, 

to a degree beyond controversy 
Inconvenience, s. unfitness, disadvantage 
Inconve'nient, a. incommodious, unfit 
Inconveniently, ad. unfitly, unseasonably 
Inconversable, a. stiff, formal, unsocial 
Inconvertible, a. not to be changed 
Inconvin'cibly, ad. obstinately 
Incor'poral, Incorpo'real, Incorporate, a. im- 
material, spiritual, distinct from body 
Incorporate, v. to form into one body, to 

mix, to unite, to associate, to embody 
Incorpore'ity, s immateriality 
Inco'rpse, v. a. to form into a body 
lncorre'ct, a. not exatt, not accurate 
Incorrect'ly, ad. not in a correct manner 
Incorrect'ness, s. inaccuracy, carelessness 
Incorrigible, a. bad beyond amendment 
Incor'rigibleness, s. hopeless depravity 
Incor'rigibly, ad. to a degree of depravity be- 
yond all means of amendment 
Incorru'pt, a. honest, free from corruptioa 
Incorruptible, a. not admitting decay 
Incorrup'tion, s. a state of purity 
Incorrupt'ness,*. purity of conduct ; integrity 
IncrasSate, v. a. to thicken, to make thick 
Incrassa'tion, s . the act of thickening 
IncrasSative, s. that which thickens 
Increase, v. to grow, to make more 
In'crease, s. augmentation, produce, &c. 
Incredibility, s . an incredible quality 
Incred'ible, a. not to be believed 
Incredu'lity, s. hardness of belief 
Incred'ulous,« • hard of belief, refusing credit 
Incre'mable, a. not consumable by fire 
In'crement, s. an increase, a produce 
Increpa'tion, s. the act of chiding, reproof 
Incres'cent, IncresSant, a. increasing 
Incrim'inate, v. a. to accuse another 
Incru'st, v. a. to cover with a hard coat 
Incrusta'tion, s. something superinduced 
Inc'ubate, v. n. to sit upon eggs, to hatch 
Incuba'tion, s . the act of sitting upon eggs 
In'cubus, s. a disorder ; the night-mare 
Incul'cate, v. a. to impress by admonitions 
Inculca'tion, s. the act of inculcating 
Inculpable, a. unblameable, just, upright 
Incul'pably, ad. unblameably 
Incu'ltjtf. uncultivated, untitled, rude 
Incumbency, s . the keeping a benefice 
IncunVbent, s. one who possesses a benefice 
Incum'bent, a. imposed as a duty ; necessity 
of attention ; lying or leaning upon 

Ilncu'r, v. a. to become liable to, to deserve 
Incu'rab le, a. hopeless, not to be cured 

I N D 

I N D 

Incu'rably, ad. without remedy or cure 
Incu'rious, a. inattentive, careless 
Incur'sion, s. an invasion, attack, inroad 
Incur'vate, v. a. to bend, to make crooked 
Incurva'tion, ;. the act of bending ; flexion 

of the body in token of reverence 
Incurvlty, s. crookedness ; state of bending 
in'dagate, v. a. to search diligently 
Indaga'tion, s. a diligent search, an inquiry 
Indaga'tor, s. a searcher, an examiner 
Inda'rt, v. a. to dart in, to strike in 
Indebted, a. in debt; obliged to or by 
Inde'cency, Indeco'rum, s. any thing im- 
proper or unbecoming; unseemliness 
Inde'cent, a. unfit to be known, unbecoming 
Inde'cently, ad. without decency 
Indecid'ucus, a. not falling, not shed 
Indecli'nable, a. not varied by terminations 
Indeco'rous, a. indecent, unbecoming 
Indeed, ad. in truth, in reality, in verity 
Indefatigable, a. unwearied with labour ; 

unexhausted by attention or application 
Indefat'igabiy, c.d. without weariness 
Indefectible, a. not subject to defect 
Indefeasible,*?, not to be cutoff; irrevocable 
Indefen'sible, a. what cannot be defended 
Indefinite, a. unlimited, undeterminate 
Indefinitely, ad. in an unlimited manner 
Indefinltude, s. an unlimited quantity 
Indeliberate, a. unpremeditated, rash 
Indel'ible, a. not to be erased, or annulled 
Indelicacy, s. a want of elegant decency 
Indelicate, a. wanting decency, rude 
Indem'nify, v. a. to maintain unhurt 
Indem'nity, s. exemption from punishment 
Indemon'strable, a- not to be proved 
Inde'nt, v. to scollop; to make a compact 
Inde'nt, Indentation, s. an inequality 
Indenture, s. a covenant or deed indented 
Independence, Independ'ency, s. freedom ; 

an exemption from reliance or control 
Independent, a. free, not controllable 
Independents, s. pi. a se£t of dissenters, who 
in religious affairs hold that every congre- 
gation is a complete church 
Independently, ad. without dependance 
Indese'rt, s. a want of worth or merit 
Indes'inently, ad. without cessation 
Indestructible, a. not to be destroyed 
Indeter'minable, a. not to be fixed or defined 
Indeter'minate, a. indefinite, not defined 
Indeter'mined, a. unfixed, unsettled 
Indevo'tion, s . a want of devotion, irreligion 
Indevo'ut, a. irreligious, not devout 
In'dex, s. a mark or hand thus (ft^p), to di- 
rect to something remarkable; table of 
contents to a book ; the pointer out 
Indexter'it", ;. awkwardness, sluggishness 
1 .Vdieant, £• -snowing, pointing out 
*.e, fh a to po:r,t out, to shew 


Indica'tion, s. a mark or sign, a symptom 
Indicative, a. shewing, pointing out; in 
grammar, a certain modification of a verb, 
expressing affirmation or indication 
Imlic'tion, s. a declaration, a proclamation ; 
in chronology, the space of fifteen years, 
appointed by Constantine the Great, in 
the room of the Olympiads 
Indifference, s. impartiality ; negligence 
Indifferent, a. of little concern ; careless ; 
passable; impartial, unbiassed ; regardless 
Indifferently, ad. impartially, tolerably 
In'digence, s. want, poverty, great need 
Indi'genous, a. native to a country 
In'digent, a. needy, poor, in want ; empty 
Indigested, a. not formed, not concocted 
Indigestible, a. not to be digested 
Indigestion, f .the state of meats unconcoctec 
Indi'gitate, v. a. to point out, to show 
Indigita'tion, s. the act of pointing out 
Indi'gn, a. unworthy, bringing indignity 
Indig'nant, a. angry, ragmg, inflamed 
Indigna'tion, s. anger mixed with contempt 
Indig'nity, s. contume!y,contemptuous injury 
In'digo, s. a plant used for dying blue 
Indirect, a. not straight, not fair, not honest 
Indirectly, ad. obliquely, net in express terms 
Indiscernible, a. not discernible 
Indiscerptlble, a. not to be separated 
Indiscreet, a. imprudent, injudicious 
Indiscreetly, ad. imprudently, foolishly 
Indiscretion,*, imprudence, inconsideration 
Indiscriminate, a. not separated, confused 
Indiscriminately, ad. without distinction 
Indispen'sable, a. not to be remitted 
Indispen'sably, ad. without remission 
Indispo'se, v. a. to make unfit, to disorder 
Indispo'sedjparr. disordered, disqualified 
Indisposition,*, a disorder of health ; dislike 
Indisputable, a. uncontrovertible 
Indis'putably, ad. without controversy 
Indissolv'able, a. that cannot be dissolved 
Indissolubility, s. firmness, stableness 
Indissoluble, a. binding forever; firm, stable 
Indis'solubly, ad. forever obligatory 
Indisti'nct, a. not plainly marked, confused 
Indistinctly, ad. uncertainly, disorderly 
Indisturb'ance, s. calmness, quiet, peace 
Individual, a. undivided; numerically one 
Individual, s. every single person 
Individually, ad. with distinct existence 
Individuality,*, separate or distinct existence 
Indivisible, a. what cannot be divided 
Indo'cible, Indoeile, a. unsusceptible of in- 
struction, stupid, dull, untraceable 
Indocillty, s. untractableness, dulness 
Indoctrinate, -v. a. to instruct, to teach 
In'dolence, s. laziness, inattention 
In'dolent, a. lazy, careless, inattentive 
In latently, e</, heedlessly, inattentively 

I N E 


Indra'ught, s. an inlet, a passage inwards 
Indre'nch, v. a. to soak, to drown 
Indu'bious, Indubitable, a. not doubtful 
Indu'bitably, ad. unquestionably, certainly 
Indu'bitate, a. undoubted, certain, evident 
Indu'ce, v. a. to persuade, influence, bring on 
'Indu'cement, s. motive for doing a thing 
Indu'ct, v. a. to put into actual possession of 

an ecclesiastical benefice ; to bring in 
Induction, s. taking possession, entrance 
Indu'e, v. a. to invest, to furnish with 
Indul'gej-u. a. to favour, to humour, to gratify 
Indulgence ,s. fondness, favour granted, kind- 
ness, gentleness, tenderness, forbearance 
Indul'gent, a. kind, gentle, mild, favouring 
Indul'gently, ad. without severity or censure 
Indu'lt, Indult'o, s. privilege, or exemption 
In'durate,i>. to make hard, to harden the mind 
Indura'tion, s. obduracy, hardness of heart 
Industrious, a. diligent, laborious ; designed 
Indus'triously, ad. laboriously, diligently 
In'dustry,/. diligence, assiduity 
Ine'briate, v. to intoxicate, to grow drunk 
Inebriation, j. drunkenness, intoxication 
Ineffable, a. unspeakable, inexpressible 
Ineffably, ad. in a manner not to be expressed 
Ineffective, a. that which produces no effect 
Ineffectual, a. without power, weak 
Ineffectually, ad. without effect, in vain 
Inefficacious, a. ineffectual, feeble, weak 
Inef ficacy, s. want of power, want of effect 
Inel'egance, s. want of elegance or beauty 
Inel'egant, a. not becoming, mean, despicable 
lnel'oquent, a. not persuasive, not oratorical 
Ine'pt, a. unfit, incapable, useless, foolish 
Ineptly, ad. triflingly, unfitly, foolishly 
Ineptitude, s. unfitness, unsuitableness 
Inequality, s. unevenness, disproportion 
Iner'rable, a. exempt from error 
Ine'it, a. sluggish, motionless, dull 
Inertly, ad. sluggishly, dully, heavily 
Inesca'tion, j. the act of baiting 
Ines'timable, a. above all price, invaluable 
Inev'ident, a. not plain, obscure 
Inevitable, a. unavoidable, not to be escaped 
Inexcusable, a. not to be excused or palliated 
Inexha'lable, a. that which cannot evaporate 
Inexhaust'ed, a. unemptied, unspent 
inexhaustible, a. not to be drained 
Inexist'ent, a. not in being, not existing 
Inex'orable, a. not to be moved by entreaty 
Inexpe'dience, s. want of fitness or propriety 
Inexpedient, a. improper, inconvenient 
Jnexpe'rience, s. a want of experience 
Inexpe'rt, a. unskilful, unskilled, unhandy 
Inex'piable, a. not to be atoned for 
Inexplicable, a. incapable of being explained 
Inexpressible, a. not to be told; unutterable 
hiexpug'nable, a. impregnable ; not to be 
takes by assault; not to be subdued 

Inextin'guishable, a. unquenchable 
Inextricable, a. not to be disentangled 
Ine'ye, v. n. to inoculate, to ingraft 
Infallibility, s. exemption from error 
In'famous, a. notoriously bad, shameless 
In'famously, ad. shamefully, scandalously 
Infamy, s. notoriety of bad character 
Infancy, s. the first part of life ; the beginning 
In'fant, s. a child under seven years of age ; 

in law, a person under twenty-one years 
Infan'ta, s. a princess descended from the 

blood royal of Spain or Portugal 
Infanticide,/, the murder of infants by Herod 
In'fantile, a. pertaining to an infant 
In'fantry, s. the foot soldiers of an army 
Infat'uate, v. a. to strike with folly, bewitch 
Infatuation, s. the act of striking with folly 
Infeaslble, a. impracticable 
Infe'ct, v. a. to taint, to poison, to pollute 
Infection, s. a contagion, a corrupt effluvium 
Infectious, a. contagious, apt to infect 
Infective, a. Having the quality of contagion 
Infecun'dity, s. want of fertility 
Infeli'city, s. misery, calamity, unhappiness 
Infe'r, v. a. to conclude from, to indute 
In'ference, s. a conclusion from premises 
Infer'ible, a. deducible from premised grounds 
Infe'rior, s. one lower in rank or station 
Infe'rior, a. lower in place, value, or station 
Inferiority, j. lower state of dignity or value 
Infer'nal, a. hellish, tartarean, very bad 
Infertile, Infecu'nd, a. unfruitful, barren 
Infertility, s. unfruitfulness, barrenness 
Infe'st, v.a. to annoy, harass., plague, disturb 
In'fidel, s. an unbeliever, a pagan, a miscreant 
Infidelity, s. a want of faith, treachery 
Infinite, a. unbounded, immense, unlimited 
ln'finitely, ad. without limits, immensely 
In'finiteness, Infinitude, s. immensity 
Infinitive, a. in grammar, the infinitive 
moed affirms, or intimates the intention 
of affirming, but does not do it absolutely 
Infinity, /. immensity, endless number 
Infi'rm, a. weak of body or mind, not solid 
Infirm'ary, s. a residence for the sick 
Infirmity, s. weakness, failing, disease 
Infirm'ness, s. weakness, feebleness 
Infi'x, v. a. to drive in; to fasten 
Infia'me, v. a. to set on fire ; to irritate 
Inflam'mable, a. easy to be set on fire 
Inflammation, s. the state of being in a 

flame ; an unnatural heat of the blood 
Inflam'matory, a. having power to inflame 
Inflate, i>. a. to swell or puff up with wind 
Inflation, s. act of being swelled : flatulence 
Infle'ct, v. a. to bend, bow, change, vary 
Inflection, s. the act of bending ; modulation 
of the voice ; variation of nouns or verbs 
Inflexibility, s. stiffness, obstinacy 
Inflexible, a. not to be bent, immoveable 

I N G 



Inflexibly, ad. inexorably, invariably 
Infli'ct, v. a. to lay a punishment upon 
Infliction, s. the act of using punishments 
Inflictive, a. that which imposes punishment 
Influence, s. an ascendant power 
In'fiuence, v. a. to have power over, to bias 
In'fluent, a. flowing or running into 
Influential, a. exerting influence or power 
Infiuen'ga, s. an epidemic disease 
Ir.'flux, s. act of flowinginto j infusion ; power 
Infold, v. a. to wrap up, to enclose 
Info'liate, v. a. to cover with leaves 
lnfo'rm, v. a. to tell, to instruct, to animate 
Inform'al,fl. irregular, disorderly 
Informant, s. one who prefers an accusatian 
Information, s. intelligence given ; charge 

of accusation preferred ; instruction 
Inform'er, s. one who gives intelligence 
Inform'idable, a. not to be feared 
I-nform'ity, s. shapelessness, irregularity 
Infortunate, a. unhappy, unlucky 
Infra'ct, v. a. to break in pieces 
Infraction, s. the act of breaking ; violation 
Iiiframund'ane, a. below the world 
Infrangible, a. not to be broken, strong 
lnfre'quenty, s. rarity, uncommonness 
Infre'quent, a. rare, uncommon, unusual 
Infri'gidate, v. a. to chill, to make cold 
Infri'nge, v. a. to violate, to break a contract 
Infringement, s. a violation, a breach 
Infu'mate, v. a. to dry with smoke 
Infu'riate, a. enraged, raging 
Infusca'tion, s. the act of making dark 
Infu'se, v. a. to pour in, to instil, to inspire 
Infu'sible, a. possible to be infused 
Infu'sion, s. the act of pouring in or steeping 
Infu'sive, a. having the power of infusion 
Ingannation, s. a cheat, a fraud., a juggle 
Ingathering, s. the getting in the harvest 
Ingem'inate, v. a. to double ; to repeat often 
Ingen'erate, Ingen'erated, a. unbegotteai 
Iage'nious, a. witty, inventive 
Inge'niously, ad. in an ingenious manner 
Ingen'ite, a. inborn, innate, native 
Ingenu'ity, ;. openness, candour ; genius 
Ingen'uous, a. fair, open, generous, noble 
Ingeniously, ad. openly, fairly, candidly 
Inge'st, v. a. to throw into the stomach 
Inglo'rious, a. dishonourable, mean 
Inglo'riously,ad. with ignominy 
In'got, s. a wedge of gold or silver, &c. 
Ingra'ff, Ingra'ft, v. a. to plant the sprig of 

one tree in the stock of another j to fix deep 
Ingrate, s. an ungrateful person 
Ingratiate, v. a. to get into favour, &c. 
Ingratiating, s. the act of getting favour 
Ingrat'itude, s. unthankfulness 
Ingre'dient, s. a part of any compound 
In'gress, s. entrance, power of entrance 
Tngres'sion, s. the act of entering 

In'guinal, a. belonging to the groin 
Ingu'lf, v. a. to swallow down as a gulf 
Ingur'gitate, v. a. to swallow greedily 
Ingust'able, a. not to be tasted, insipid 
Inhabit, v. to dwell, to occupy 
Inhabitable, a. that may be inhabited 
Inhabitant, s. one who dwells in a place 
Inha'le, v. a. to draw in with the air 
Inharmo'nious, a. unmusical, not sweet 
Inherence, s. quality of that which adheres 
Inhe'rent, a. existing in something else j in- 
nate, inborn ; cleaving to 
Inherit, v. a. to possess by inheritance 
Inheritable, a. obtainable by succession 
Inheritance, s. an hereditary possession 
Inheritor, ;. an heir, one who inherits 
Inheritress, Inheritrix, s. an heiress 
Inhe'rse, v. a. to enclose in a monument 
Inhibit, v. a. to prohibit, hinder, repress 
Inhibition, s. a prohibition, an embargo 
Inhold, v. a. to contain in itself 
Inhos'pitable, a. unkind to strangers 
Inhospitallty, s. a want of hospitality 
Inhu'man, a. barbarous, savage, cruel 
Inhumanity, s. cruelty, savageness 
Inhu'manly, ad. cruelly, barbarously 
Inhu'mate, Inhu'me, -v. a. to bury, to inter 
Inje'ct, v. a. to threw in or up ; to dart in 
Injection, s. the act of injecting 
Inimical, a. hostile, adverse, unkind 
Inimitable, a. above imitation 
Inimitably, ad. very excellently 
Ini'quitous, a. unjust, wicked, sinful 
Ini'quity, s. injustice, wickedness, sin 
Initial, a. placed at the beginning 
Initiate, v. a. to admit, to instruct 
Initiation, j. the act of admitting a person 

into any order or faculty 
Injudicial, a. not according to law 
lnjudi'cious, a. void of judgment 
Injunction, s. a command, a precept 
In'jure, v. a. to wrong, to hurt unjustly 
Injurious, a. unjust, hurtful destructive 
In'jury, /. mischief, outrage, annoyance 
Injustice, /. unfair dealing, iniquity 
Ink, s. a black liquid for writing, &c. 
In'kle, j. a kind of narrow fillet, a tape 
Inkling, s. a hint, a whisper, an intimation 
Ink'y, a. black as ink, resembling ink 
Inland, a. remote from the sea, interidr 
Inlapldate, v. a. to turn to stone 
Inla'y, v. a. to variegate wood, &c. 
Inla'w, v. a. to clear of outlawry 
Inlet, s. an entrance, a passage into 
Inly, ad. internally, secretly, in the heart 
In'mate, ;. a lodger, an indweller 
In'most, In'nermost, a- deepest within 
Inn, s. a house of entertainment for travel- 
lers ; a college for students, &.c 
Innate, a, inborn, ingenerate, natural 


J2 + 

I N S 

Innav'igable, a. not to be passed by sailing 
In'ner, a. interior, more inward 
Inn'hoider, Inn'keeper, s. one who keeps a 

house of entertainment for travellers 
In'nocence,*. purity , harmlessness,simplicity 
In'nocent, a. pure, harmless, innoxious 
In'nocently, ad. without guilt, harmlessly 
Innoc'uous, a. harmless in effects 
In'novate, v. a. to introduce novelties 
Innovation, s. the introduction of novelty 
Innova'tor, s. one who introduces novelties 
Innox'ious, a. not hurtful, harmless 
Innuen'do, s. an oblique hint 
Innumerable, a. not to be numbered 
Inobserv'able, a. unworthy of observation 
Inoc'ulate, v. a. to propagate by insertion 
Inocuia'ticn, s. a grafting in the bud ; a me- 
thod of giving the sma!!-pox, by infusing 
matter from ripened pustules into the veins 
cf the uninfected 
Idod'orous, a. without the quality of scent 
Inoffeu'sive, a. harmless, innocent, hurtless 
Inoffen'sively, ad. innocently, harmlessly 
Inop'inate, a. not expected, sudden 
Inopportu'ne, a. unseasonable, inconvenient 
Icor'dinate, a- irregular, disorderly 
I norgan'kal, a. without proper organs 
Inos'culate, v. n. to unite by contact 
Inoscula'tion, s. an union ; a kiss 
In'quest, /. a judicial inquiry or examination 
Inqui'etude, s. uneasiness, disquiet 
In'quinate, v. a. to pollute, to corrupt, defile 
Inquina'tiou, s. a pollution, a corruption 
Inqui're, v. a. to ask about; to seek out 
Inqui'ry, s. an examination, a search 
inquisi'tion, j. a judicial inquiry ; a court in 

Spain, &c. for the detection of heresy 
Inquis'itive, a. prying, curious, &c 
Inquis'itor, s. a judge of the inquisition 
In'road, s. an incursion, a sudden invasion 
Jnsalu'brious, a. unhealthy, bad 
Insa'nable, a. incurable, irremediable 
Insa'ne, a. mad, making mad 
Insa'neness, Insan'ity,*. madness 
Insa'tiable, Insa'tiate, a. not to be satisfied 
insatisfac'tion, s. an unsatisfied state 
Insat'urable, a. that cannot be glutted 
Tnscri'be, v. a. to write upon; to dedicate 
Inscription, s. a title, name, or character, 

written or engraved upon any thing 
Inscru'table, a. unsearchable, hidden 
Inscu'lp, v. a. to engrave, to cut on 
Insculp'ture, ;. any thing engraved 
Inse'am, v. a. to marfc by a seam or scar 
In'sect, s. a small creeping or flying animal 
InsecVile, a. having the nature of insects 
lusec'tion, f. the act of cutting into 
Insecure, a. not secure, not safe 
Insecurity, s. unsafely, hazard, danger 
iasen'sate^ «. stupid, wanting thought 

Jnsensibil'ity, s. stupidity, torpor 
Insen'sibie, a. void of sense, imperceptible 
Inseparable, a. not to be disjointed 
Inseparably, ad. with indissoluble union 
Inse'rt, v. a. to place among other things 
Insertion, s. the act of inserting 
Inser'vient, a. conducive to some end 
Inshi'p, v. a. to shut or stow up in a ship 
Inshri'ne, v. a. to enclose in a shrine 
Insicca'tion, ;. the act of drying in 
In'side, s. the inward or internal part 
Insid'ious, a. treacherous, sly, deceitful 
Insid'iously, ad. treacherously, slily 
lnsid'iousness, s. craftiness, deceit 
ln'sight, s. an inspection ; a deep view 
Insignificance, s. a want of meaning 
Insignificant, a. unimportant, trifling 
Insince're, a. not hearty, unfaithful 
lnsincer'ity, s. dissimulation, want of truth 
Insin'ew, v. a. to strengthen, to confirm 
Insin'uant, a- able to gain favour 
Insin'uate, v. to hint artfully, to wheedle 
Insinuation, s. the act of insinuating 
Insip'id, a. without taste ; fiat, dull 
Insipid'ity, s . want of taste or spirit 
Insip'ience, s. silliness, foolishness 
Insi'st, v. n. to persist in, to urge 
Insistent, a. standing or resting upon 
Insi'tiency, s. an exemption from thirst 
Insi'tion, s. the act of grafting, a graft 
Insi'tive, a. ingrafted, not natural 
Insna're, v. a. to entrrp, to inveigle 
Insobri'ety, s. drunkenness, intemperance 
Inso'ciable, a. averse from conversation 
Insola'tion, s. exposition to the sun 
In'solence, s. haughtiness, pride 
In'solent, a. haughty, overbearing, proud 
In'solently, ad. haughtily, rudely 
Insolv'able, a. not to be solved or paid 
Insol'uble, a. not to be dissolved or cleared 
Insolvency, s. an inability to pay debts 
Insolv'ent, a. not able to pay debts 
Insom'nious, a. troubled with dreams 
Insomu'ch, ad. so that, to such a degree 
Inspe'ct, v. a. to look narrowly into, &c. 
Inspec'tion, s. a close examination 
Inspector, s. a superintendant 
Insper'sion, s. a sprinkling upon 
Insphe're, v. a. to place in an orb 
Inspira'tion, s. a drawing of the breath; 

an infusing of supernatural ideas 
Inspi're, v, to breathe, or infuse into 
Inspir'it, v. a. to animate, to encourage 
Iiispis'sate, v. a. to thicken, to make thick 
Inspissa'tion, /. the act of thickening liquids 
Instability, s. fickleness, mutability 
Insta'ble, a. inconstant, changing 
Insta'Il, v. a. to put into possession, invest 
Installation, .<. a putting into possession 
Instalment, /. the ad of iustgUSng 



In'stance, s. importunity, earnestness ; mo- 
tive ; process of a suit ; example 
In'stant, s. the present moment or month 
In'stant, a. urgent, immediate, quick 
Instanta'neous, a. done in an instant 
In'stantly, ad. immediately, momentarily 
Insta'te, v. a. to place in a certain rank 
Instaura'tion, s. a restoration, a renewal 
Instea'd, ad. in place of, equal to 
Jnste'ep, v. a. to soak, to lay in water, &c 
In'step, s. the upper part of the foot 
In'stigate, v. a. to tempt or urge to ill 
Instigation, s. an incitement to a crime 
Instigator, /. an inciter to ill 
Insti'l, v. a. to infuse by drops ; to insinuate 
Instillation, s. the aft of pouring in by drops ; 

the act of infusing into the mind 
Instimula'tion, s. an urging forward 
Insti'r.ct, a. moved, animated 
In'stinct, /. a natural desire or aversion 
InstincVive, a. acting without the direction 

of choice or reason 
Instinctively, ad. by the call of nature 
Institute, v. a. to fix, to establish, to appoint 
5n'stitute, s. an established law, a precept 
Institution, s. an establishment, a law 
In'stitutor, s. an establisher ; an instructor 
Instruct, v. a. to teach, to direct, to train up 
Instructor, s. a teacher, an institutor 
Instruction,*, the act of teaching ; informa- 
tion j mandate, precept 
Instructive, a. conveying knowledge 
In'strument, s. a tool ; a deed or contract 
Instrumental, a. conducive to some end 
Insufferable, a. insupportable, intolerable 
Insufficiency, s. inadequatencss, inability 
Insufficient, «. inadequate to any purpose 
Insufficiently, ad. without skill, unfitly 
Insufflation, ;. the act of breathing upon 
In'sular, a. belonging to an island 
2n'sulated,«. not contiguous on any side 
ia'sult, s. act of insolence or contempt 
Insu'lt, v. a. to treat with insolence 
Insuperability, s. quality of being invincible 
Insu'perable, a. insurmountable, invincible 
Insupport'able, a. not to be endured 
Insupport'ably, ad. beyond endurance 
Insurmountable, a. unconquerable 
Insurrec'tion, s. a rebellion, a sedition 
Intac'tible, a. not perceptible to the touch 
Intag'lio, s. what has figures engraved on it 
Inta'stable, a. not to be tasted, insipid 
Integer, s. the whole of any thing 
Integral, a. whole, not fractional, complete 
Integrity, s. honesty, purity of mind 
Integ'ument, s. a covering 
Intellect, s. perception, understanding 
Intellective, a. able to understand 
Intellectual, a. belonging to the mind 
Intelligence, s. notice y spirit ; skill 

L 2 

Intelligent, a. knowing, instructed, skilful 
Intelligible, a. easily understood 
Intel'ligibly, ad. clearly, plainly, distinctly 
Intem'perance, s. excess, irregularity 
Intem'perate, a. immoderate, ungovernable 
Intem'perature, s. a disorder in the air, or of 

the body ; excess of some quality 
Inte'nd, v. a. to mean, to design, to regard 
Intend'ant, s- an officer who superinte7.ds 
lnten'erate, v. a. to make tender, to soften 
Inten'ible, a. that which cannot be held 
Inte'nse, a. vehement, ardent, attentive 
Intensely, ad. to a great or extreme degree 
Intense'ness, /. eagerness, closeness 
Intensive, a . intent, full of care 
Inte'nt, a. anxiously and unceasingly diligent 
Inte'nt, /. a design, purpose, drift, view- 
Intention, i. a design, a purpose 
Intentional, a. designed, done by design 
Intentive, a. diligently applied, attentive 
Intent'ively, Intently, ad. closely 
Inte'r, v. a. to bury, to put under ground 
Inter'calary, a. inserted out of the common 

order to preserve the equation of time, as 

the 2,9th of February in a leap-year is an 

intercalary day 
Intercalation, ;. insertion of a day 
Interce'de, v. n. to mediate, to pass between 
Interce'uent, a. mediating, going between 
Intercept, -v. a. to stop, to seize, to obstruct 
Intercession, ;. mediation, interposition 
Interces'sor, s. a mediator, an agent 
Intercha'in, v. a. to chain, to link together 
Interchange, v. a. to exchange, &c 
Interchange, s. an exchange, a bargain 
Interchangeable, a. given and taken mutually 
Intercip'ient, a. that which intercepts 
Interclu'de, -v. n. to shut out, to intercept 
Iutercolumniation, s. the space or distance 

between the pillars 
Intercostal, a. placed between the ribs 
Intercourse, s. communication, exchange. 
Intercur'rence, s. a passage between 
Intercurrent, a. running between 
Interdict, v. a. to prohibit, to forbid 
Interdiction, s. a prohibition, a curse 
Interdictory, a. belonging to an interdiction 
Interest', v. to concern, affect, influence 
Interest, s. a concern, influence ; usury 
Interfe're, v. n. to interpose, to intermeddle 
Inter'ftuent, a. flowing between 
Interful'gent, a. shining between 
Interfu'sed, a. poured forth, in, or among 
Interjacent, a. intervening, lying between 
Interjection, s. a sudden exclamation 
Interim, s. mean time, or while 
Interjo'in, v. a. to join mutually, intermarry 
Inte'rior, a. internal, not outward 
Interknow'ledge, s. a mutual knowledge 
Interlace, v. a. to intermix, to put t< -gethes 




Interla'pse, s. the time between two events 
Interla'rdj'u.rt. to insert between ; to diversify 
by mixture ; to mix meat with bxcon, &c. 
Interleave, v. a, to insert blank leaves 
Interli'ne, v. a, to write between lines 
Interlinea'tion, s. a correction made by writ- 
ing between the lines 
Jnterli'nk, v. a. to join chains together 
Interlocution, s. interchange of speech 
Interloc'utor, s. one that t3lks with another 
Interlocal tor y, a. consisting of a dialogue 
Interlo'pe, v. n. to intrude in or between 
Interloper, s. one who engages in 3 trade to 

which he has no right ; an intruder 
Interlu'cent, a. shining between 
Interlude, s. a short prelude or farce 
Interlu'nar, a. between old moon and new 
Intermarriage, s. a marriage in two families, 

where each takes one, and gives another 
Intermed'die, v. n. to interpose officiously 
Interme'diacy, s. interposition, intervention 
Intermedial, Intermediate, a. intervening, 

lying between, intervenient 
Intermedium, s. a distance between 
Inter'ment, ;. sepulture, burial 
Intermigra'tion, s. an exchange of place 
Interminable, Incer'minate, a. unbounded 
Intermin'gle, v. mingle, to mix together 
Intermis'sion, ;. a, cessation for a time 
later cais'sive, Intermittent, a. not conti- 
nual ; leaving off for a while 
Intermit, v. to grow mild between fits 
Intermi'x, v. to mingie, to join together 
Intermix'ture, ;. a mixture of ingredients 
I»termun''dane,#. subsistingbetween worlds, 

or between orb and orb 
Intermu'ral, a. lying between walls 
.(ntermu'tual, a. mutual, interchanged 
Tntern'al, a. inward, not external, intrinsic 
i'ntern'ally, ad. inwardly, mentally 
lnterne'cion,j. massacre, slaughter 
Internun'cio, ;. a messenger passing and re- 
passing between two parties 
Inierpeila'tion, s. a summons, a call 
Tster'pOiate, v. a. to insert words improperly 
/.Interpolation, s. something foisted in, or 

added to the original matter 
Interpolator, s. one who falsifies a copy by 

foisti2ig in counterfeit passages- 
Interpo'sal, Interposi'tion, s. intervention, 

agency between parties, mediation 
laterpo'se, v. to mediate, to intervene 
Interpret, v. a. to explain, to translate 
Tnterpreta'tion, ;. an explanation 
Interpreter, j. an expositor, a translator 
fnterreg'num,Jnterre'ign,;.the time in which 
a throne is vacant between the death of 
one prince and the accession of another 
Interrogation, s. a question, an inquiry; a 
•>jpoint marked thus (?) denoting a question 

Interrogate, v. to examine by questions 
Interrogative, s. a pronoun used in asking 

questions, as who ? what ? which ? 
Interrogatory, s. a question, an inquiry 
Interrupt, -y.rt. to hinder; divide, separate 
Interruption, * . hinderance, intervention 
Interse'cant, a. dividing into parts 
Interse'ot, v. to cut, to cross each other 
Intersection, s. a point where lines cross 
Intersem'inate, v. a. to sow between 
Iuterse'rt, v. a. to put in between 
Intersection, j. an insertion, a thing inserted 
Interspe'rse, v. a. to scatter here and there 
Interstel'lar, a. placed between the stars 
Interstice., s. a space between things 
Intertex'ture, ;. a weaving between 
Intertwi'ne, v. a. to unite by twisting 
Interval,*, interstice, vacuity ; time elapsing 

between two assignable poir 

of a distemper, or delirium 
Intervene,?;.*!, to come between persons, &c. 
Interve'nient,«. passingbetween, intervening 
Intervention, s. interposition, agency 
Interve'rt, v. a. to turn another way 
Interview, s. a sight of one another 
Intervo'lve, v. a. to involve one in another 
Interwe'ave, v. a. to mix one with another 
Intestable, a. disqualified to make a will 
Intes'tate, a. dying without a will 
Intes'tinal, a. belonging to the bowels 
Intes'tine, a. internal, inward ; domestic 
lntes'tines, s. the bowels, the entails 
Inthra'l, ?>. a. to enslave, to shackle 
Inthral'ment, s. servitude, slavery, difficulty 
Intimacy, s. close familiarity 
In'timate, v. a, to hint, to suggest 
Intimate, a. inmost, inward, familiar 
In'timate, s. a familiar friend, a confidant 
In'timately, ad. closely, familiarly, nearly 
Intima'tion, s. a hint ; an obscure or indirect 

declaration or direction 
Intim'idate, v. a. to frighten, to dastardize 
In'to, prep, noting entrance 
Intolerable, a. unsufferable, very bad 
Intol'erably, ad. to a degree beyond sufferante 
Intolerant, a. not able to endure 
Intona'tion, s. the act of thundering 
Into'rt, v. a. to twist, wreath, wring 
Intoxicate, v. a. to make drunk, to inebriate 
Intoxication, s. inebriation, ebriety 
Intracl'able, a. unmanageable, unruly 
Intractably, ad. ungovernably, stubbornly 
Intran'sitive, a. not passing into another 
Intransmutable, ^unchangeable in substance 
Intreas'ure, v. a, to lay up as in a treasury 
Intre'nch, v. n. to fortify with a rampart, &c. 

to encroach, to break with hollows 
Intrench'ant, a. not to be divided, indivisible 
Intrench'ment, s. a fortification, with * 

trench to defend against an attack 


J O B 

Intrepid, a. fearless, resolute, brave 
Intrepidity,;, fearlessness, courage, boldness 
Intrepidly, ad. boldly, daringly, fearlessly 
In'tricacy, s. perplexity, difficulty 
Intricate, a. perplexed, involved, obscure 
Intri'gue, s. a plot, cabal ; an amour 
Intri'gue, v. n. to carry on private designs 
Intri'guingly, ad. with secret plotting 
Iatrin'sic, lntrin'sical, a. inward, true, real, 

natural, not accidental ; closely familiar 
Introduce, v. a. to bring or usher in 
Introduc'tion, s. a bringing in ; a preface 
Introduc'uve, introductory, a. previous, 

serving as preparatory to something else 
Jntrogres'sion, s. the act of entering 
Intro'it, s. the beginning of mass, the begin- 
ning of public devotions 
Tntromis'sion, s. act of sending in, <&c. 
Iutromi't, v. a. to send or let in, to admit 
Introspection, s. a view of the inside 
Introve'nient, a. entering, coming in 
Intru'de, v. n. to intermeddle, to thrust one's 

self rudely into company, to encroach 
Intru'der, s. an encroacher, an interloper 
Intrusion, s. the adt of intruding 
Intru'st, v . a. to put in trust witb, &c. 
Intuition, s . immediate knowledge 
Iijtu'itive, a. seen by the mind immediately 

without the intervention of reason 
Intuitively, «rf. without deduction of reason, 

by immediate perception 
Intumes'cence, s. a swelling, a tumour 
Inturges'cence, s. the a<ft or state of swelling 
Intwi'ne, v. a. to twist or wreath together 
Inva'de, v. a. to enter in a hostile manner 
Inva'der, s. an assailant, intruder, encroacher 
Invales'cence, /. health ; strength 
Inval'id, a . weak, of no force or weight 
Invali'd, $. a soldier or other person disabled 

by sickness or wounds 
Invalidate, v. a. to weaken ; to make void ; 

to deprive of force or efficacy 
Invalidity, t. weakness, want of strength 
Invaluable, a. precious above estimation 
Invariable, a. unchangeable, constant 
Inva'riably, ad. constantly, steadfastly 
Inva'sion, s. a hostile entrance, an attack 
Inva'sive, a. entering in a hostile manner 
Invec'tive, s. railing, sharp expressions 
Invec'tively, ad. satirically, abusively 
Invei'gh, v. a. to rail at, declaim against 
Invei'gle, v. a. to allure, to entice 
Invei'gier, s. a deceiver, an allurer 
Inve'nt, v. a. to discover, to "forge, to feign 
Invention, s. a fiction, discovery, forgery 
Invent'ive, a. apt to invent, ingenious 
Invent'or, s. a contriver, a finder out 
In'ventory, s. a catalogue of goods, &c. 
Inve'rse, a. inverted, opposed to direct 
I aversely, ad. in an inverted order 

Inver'sion, s. change of order, time, place,&c. 
Inve'rt, v. a. to turn upside down ; place the 

last first ; turn into another channel 
Invert'edly, ad. in contrary or reversed order 
Inve'st, v. a. to confer ; to array ; to enclose 
Inves'tigable, a. that may be searched out 
Investigate, v. a. to trace or search out 
Investigation, s. an examination 
Invcst'iture, s. the act of giving possession 
Invest'ment, s. clothes, dress, habit 
Invet'eracy, s. long continuance of any thing 

bad, as disease, &c. obstinacy of mind 
Invet'erate, a. long established, obstinate 
Invet'eratencss, s. continuance, obstinacy 
Invetera'tion, /. the a£t of hardening or corr- 

firming by long experience 
Invidious,**, envious, malignant 
Invid'iousness, s. quality of provoking envy 
Invid iously, ad. enviously, malignantly 
Invig'crate, v. a. to strengthen, to animate 
Invigora'tion, s. the act of invigorating 
Invin'cible, a. unconquerable 
Invin'cibly, ad. insuperably, unconquerably 
Inviolable, a. not to be profaned or broken 
Invi'olate, a. uninjured, unbroken 
Invis'cate, v. a. to slime, to entangle with 

glutinous matter 
Invisibility, s. the state of being invisible 
Invisible, a. not to be seen, imperceptible 
Invis'ibiy, ad. imperceptibly to sight 
Invita'tion, s. an inviting, a bidding 
Invite, v. to bid, call, persuade, entice 
Inviter, s. one who invites or allures others 
lnvi'tingly, ad. in an enticing manner 
InunVbrate, v. a. to cover with shades 
Inunction, s. the a6t of anointing 
Inunda'tion, s. an overflow of water, deluge 
In'vocate, v. a. to implore, to call upon 
Invocation, s. a calling upon in prayer 
In'voice, s. a catalogue of a ship's freight 
Invo'ke, v. a. to call upon, to pray to 
Invo'lve, v. «.to inwrap ; comprise j entangle 
Involuntarily, ad. not by choice 
Invol'untary, a. not done willingly 
Involution, s. a complication, rolling up 
Inu're, v. a. to habituate, to accustom 
Inu'rement, s. custom, use, frequency 
Inu'rn, z>. a. to intomb, to bury 
Inus'tion, s. the a€t of marking by fire 
Inu'tile, a. useless, unprofitable 
Inutility, s. unprofitableness, uselessness 
Invulnerable, a. that cannot be wounded 
In'ward, In'wardly, ad. within ; privately 
In'ward, a. placed within ; reflecting 
In'wardness, s. intimacy, familiarity 
Inwe'ave, v. a. to mix in weaving, to entwine 
Inwra'p, v- a. to involve, perplex, puzzle 
Inwre'athe, v. a. to surround with a wreath 
Inwro'ught, a. adorned with work 
Job, ;ca piece of chance work, &c- 

I P E 



Job, v. to buy and sell as a broker, to strike 

suddenly with a sharp instrument 
Jobber, s. one who does chance work 
Jobbernowl, s. a loggerhead, a dunce 
Jobe, v. a. to rebuke, to reprimand 
Jock'ey, s. one who rides or deals in horses 
Jock'ey, v. a. to jostle, to cheat, to trick 
Joco'se, Joc'ular, a. merry, waggish 
Joco'seness, Jocos'ity, jocular'ity, s. merri- 
ment ; disposition to jest 
Joco'sely, ad. waggishly, in jest, in game 
Joc'und, a. merry, blithe, lively, airy 
Joc'undly, ad. merrily, sportfully, gaily 
Jog, Jog'gle, v. to shake, to push 
Jog'ger, s. one who moves heavily and dully 
Join, v. to unite together, combine, close 
Join'der, s. a conjunction, a joining 
Join'er, s. one who makes wooden utensils 
Joint, s. the articulation where bones meet 
Joint, v. a. to divide a joint, to join 
Joint, a. shared among many, combined 
Joint'ed, a. full of joints, knots, &c. 
Joint'er, ;, a kind of long plane 
Joint'ly, ad. together, not separately 
Joint'ress, s. she who has a jointure 
Joint'ure, s. an income settled on a wife to 
be enjoyed after her husband's decease, in 
consideration of her dowry 
Joist, s. the secondary beani of a floor 
Joke, v. n. to jest, to be merry... s. a jest 
Jo'ker, s. a jester, a merry fellow 
Jole, s. the face or cheek ; the head of a fish 
Jollily, ad. in a very merry manner 
Jol'lity, s. merriment, festivity, gaiety 
Jolly, a. brisk, merry, cheerful, plump, like 

one in good health 
Jolt, v. to shake or jostle to and fro 
Joit'head, s. a great head, a blockhead, a dolt 
Ionic, a. in architecture, an order so called 

from Ionm,a city, of Lesser Asia 
Jonqui'lle, s. a species of daffodil 
Jor'den, s. a pot, a chamber pot 
Jos'tle, v. a. to push with the elbows, &c. 
Jot, Io'ta, s. a point, a tittle 
Jo'vial, a. jolly, merry, airy, gay 
Jo'vially, ad. merrily, gaily 
Jo'vialness, s. gaiety, merriment, jollity 
Jour'nal, s. a diary, a paper published daily 
Journ'alist, ;. a writer of journals 
Jour'ney, s. travel by land or by sea 
Journeyman, s. a hired workman 
Joust, s. a tilt, a tournament ; mock fight 
Joy, j. gladness, mirth, happiness, festivity 
Joy, v. to rejoice, gladden, exhilarate 
Joy'ful, a. full of joy, merry* exulting 
Joy'fully, ad. merrily, gladly, with joy 
Joy'fulness, s. joy, gladness, exultation 
Joyless, a. destitute of joy or pleasure 
Joy'ous, a. glad, merry, giving joy 
pecacuan'ha. j. a-n cradle Indiaa plant 

Iras'cible, a. apt to be easily provoked 
Iras'cibleness, s. aptness to be angry 
Ire, s. anger, rage, passionate hatred 
I'reful, a. very angry, raging, furious 
I'ris, s. the rainbow j the circle round the 

pupil of the eye ; the fleur-de-lys 
Irk'some, a. tedious, wearisome 
I'ron, s. a common useful metal...rt. harsh 
I'ron, n. a. to smooth with a hot iron 
Iron'ical, a. expressing one thing and mean- 
ing another ; pertaining to irony 
Ironically, ad. in an ironical manner 
I'ronmor.ger, s. a dealer in iron 
I'ronmould, s. a yellow stain in linen 
I'rony, s. a manner of speaking quite contra- 
ry to what we mean 
Irra'diance, Irra'diancy, s. emission of rays 

or beams of light upon any object 
Irra'diate, v. a. to brighten, to illuminate 
Irradia'tion, s. an enlightening, &c. 
Irra'tional, a. contrary to reason, absurd 
Irrationality, s. want of reason 
Irrationally, ad. unreasonably, absurdly 
lrreclaim'able, a. not to be reclaimed 
Irreconcilable, a. not to be reconciled 
Ir recoverable, a. not to be regained 
Irrecov'erably, ad. beyond recovery 
Irredu'cible, a. that which cannot be reduced 
Irrefragabillty, s. strength of argument not 

to be refuted ; undeniabieness 
Irrefragable, a. not to be confuted 
Irref'ragably, ad. above confutation 
Irrefutable, a. that which, cannot be refuted 
Irreg'ular, a. immethodical, disorderly 
Irregularity, ;. neglect of method and order 
Irreg'ularly, ad. in an irregular mariner 
Irreg'ulate, v. a. to make irregular 
Irrel'ative, a. single, unconnected 
Irreli'gion, s. contempt of religion, impiety 
Irreli'gious, a. ungodly, impious 
Irreligiously, ad. impiously, with impiety 
Irreme'able, a. admitting no return 
lrreme'diabie, a. admitting no cure, incurable 
Irremis'sible, a. not to be pardoned 
Irremo'vable, a. net to be moved 
Irrep'arable, c. not to be repaired or recovered 
Irrep'arably, ad. without recovery or amends 
Irrepleviable, a. not to be redeemed 
Irreprehen'sible, a. exempt from blame 
Irrepresent'able, a. not to be represented 
Irreproachable, a. free from reproach 
Irrepro'veable, a. not to be blamed 
Irresistible, a. that which cannot be resisted- 
Irresistibility, s. force above opposition 
Irresistibly, ad. in an irresistible manner 
Irres'oluble,«. not to be broken, or dissolved 
Irres'olute, a. not determined, not steady 
Irres'olutely, ad. without firmness of mind 
Irresolution, s. want of firmness of mind 
Irretrievable, a. irrecoverable) irreparat- 1 .* . 

JUG 129 

Irreverence, s. a want of veneration 
Irrev'erent, a. not paying due respect 
Irrev'erently, ad. without due veneration 
Irreversible, a. not to be changed or recalled 
Irrevocable, a. not to be recalled, &c. 
Irrevocably, ad. without recall 
Ir'rigate, v. a. to moisten, to water, to wet 
Irrig'uous, a. watery, dewy, moist, wet 
Irri'sion, s. the act of laughing at another 
Ir'ritate, v. a. to provoke, fret, agitate 
Irrita'tion, s. provocation, stimulation 
Irrup'tion, /. an inroad, entrance by force 
Js'chury, Is'cury, /. a stoppage of urine 
I'singlass, s.z lightish, firm ghie, prepared 

from the intestines of certain fish 
I'sland, Isle, s. land surrounded by water 
i'slander, s. an inhabitant of an island 
Isochro'nal, a. being of equal duration 
Isos'celes, /. a triangle with two equal sides 
Is'sue, s. an ev«nt; termination; offspring: 

a fontanel; a vent made in a muscle for 

the discharge of some humours 
Is'sue, v. to send out, come out, arise 
Is'sueless, a. without any descendants. 
Isth'mus, s. a neck or jut of land 
Itch, s. a disease ; a teaming desire 
l'tem, s. a hint, innuendo, new article 
It'erant, a. repeating 
It'erate, v. a. to repeat, to do over again 
Itera'tion, s. a recital over again, repetition 
Itin'erant, a. wandering, unsettled 
Itin'erary, s. a diary, or book of travels 
Itself, pronoun, it and self 
Jubilant, a. uttering songs of triumph 
Jubila'tion, s. the aft of declaring triumph 
JuOiiee, j. a public festivity 
jfucun'dity, /. pleasantness, agreeableness 
Ju'daism, s. the religion of the Jews 
Ja'daize, v. n. to conform to Judaism 
Judge, s. an officer who presides in a court 

of judicature ; one who has authority to 

decide upon the merit of any thing 
Judge, v. a. to pass sentence, decide, discern 
Judg'ment, s. an opinion, sentence, &c. 
Judicatory, s. a court of justice, &c. 
Judicature, s. a power to distribute justice 
Judi'cial, Judi'ciary, a. done in due form of 

justice, &c ; passing judgment 
Judicially, ad. in the forms of legal justice ; 

in a judiciary manner 
Judi'cious, a. prudent, wise, skilful 
Judi'ciously, ad. skilfully, wisely 
Jug, s. a large drinking vessel 
Ju'gated, a. yoked or coupled together 
Jug'gle ,v. n. to play tricks by slight of hand 
Jug'gle, s. a trick, imposture, deeeption 
Jug'gler, s. a cheat, one who juggles 
Jug'gling, part, playing tricks, deceiving 
Ju'gular, a. belonging to the throat 
J#u'gulate, v. a. to cut the throat 


Jugula'tion, ;. a cutting of the throat 
Juice, ;. sap in vegetables ; fluid in animals 
Juice'less, a. dry, without moisture 
Jui'ciness, s. plenty of juice, succulence 
Ju'icy, a. moist, full of juice, succulent 
Juke, v. n. to perch upon any thing, as birds 
Ju'lap, i. a pleasant liquid medicine 
July',/, the seventh month of the year 
Ju'rnart, s. the mixture of a bull and a mare 
Jum'ble, v. a. to mix confusedly together 
Junvhle, s. a confused mixture 
Ju'ment, /. a beast of burden 
Jump, v. n. to leap, skip, jolt, leap suddenly 
Junc'ate, s. a cheesecake ; an entertainment 
Junc'ous, a. full of bulrushes 
Junc'tion, s. an union 5 a cealition 
Junc'ture, s. a joint ; union ; critical timfi 
June, j. the sixth month of the year 
Ju'nior, a. one younger than another 
Ju'niper, s. a plant which produce5 a berry- 
Junk, s. a sntall Chinese ship ; an old cable 
Junk'et, s. a sweetmeat... v.n. to feast secretly 
Jun'to, s. a cabal, a faction 
I'vory, s. the tooth of the elephant 
I', s. a fine kind of blacking 
Juppa'n, s. ?. short close coat 
Ju'rat, s. a magistrate in some corporations 
Ju'ratory, a. giving an oath 
Juridical, a. used in courts of law, &c. 
Juridically, ad. with legal authority 
Ju'risconsult, s. one who gives law opinions 
Jurisdiction, s. legal authority ; a district 
Jurisprudence, /. the science of law 
Ju'rist, s. a civil lawyer, a civilian 
Ju'ror, Ju'ryman, s. one serving on a jury 
Ja'ry, s. a certain number of persons sworn 

to declare the truth upon such evidence as 

shall be given before them 
Ju'rymast, s. a sea term for whatever is set 

up instead of a mast lost in fight, &c. 
Just, a. upright, honest, regular, virtuous 
Just, s. a mock fight on horseback, a tilt 
Just, ad. exactly, accurately, nearly 
Just'ice, s. equity, right law ; an officer 
Justiceship, s. rank or office of a justice 
Justiciary, s. one who administers justice 
Justifiable, a. conformable to justice 
Justifiably, ad. in a justifiable manner 
Justification, /. a defence, vindication 
Justifica'tor, s. one who justifies 
Just'ifier, s. one who justifies or defends 
Just'ify, v. a. to clear from guilt, defend 
Jus'tle, v. to encounter, to clash ; to push 
Just'ly, ad. uprightly, honestly, properly 
Just'ness, s. justice, reasonableness 
Jut, v. n. to push, to shoot out 
Ju'venile, a. youthful, young 
Juvenility,/, youthfulness of temper, &c. 
Juxtaposition, s. a placing by each other 
I'vy, /. a common pljtnt 

K 1 D 


K N A 


KAL'ENDAR, j. an ephemeris or alma- 
nac ; an account of time 
Ka'li, s. a sea weed, of the ashes of which 

glass is made, whence the word Alkali 
Sam, a. crooked, thwart, awry 
Kaw, v. to cry as a raven, crow, or rook 
Kaw, s. the cry of a raven or crow 
Kayle, s. ninepin, kettlepins, nine holes 
Keck, v. n. to retch at vomiting, to heave 
Reekie, v. a. to tie a rope round a cable 
Kecks, Keck'sy, s. dry hollow stalks 
Ked'ger, *. a small anchor used in a river 
Keel, s, the bottom of a ship 
Keel'fat, s. a vessel for liquor to cool irt 
Keei'haie, v. a. to drag under the keel 
Keen, a. sharp, eager, acrimonious 
Keenly, ad. sharply, eagerly, bitterly 
Keen'ness, /. sharpness, asperity, vehemence 
Keep, v. a. to retain, preserve, maintain 
Keep, s . custody, restraint, guard 
Keep'er, s. one who keeps or holds any thing 
Keep'ing, s. custody, support 
Keg, or Kag, s. a small barrel for fish, &c. 
Kell, s. a sort of pottage ; the omentum 
Kelp, s. a salt from calcined sea- weed 
Kel'son, Keel'son, s. a piece of timber in the 

ship's hold, lying next the keel 
Ken, 11. a. to see at a distance, descry, know 
Ken, j. view, the reach of sight 
Ken'nel, t. a cot for dogs ; a water course 
Kept, pret. and part- pass, of to keep 
Ker'chief, s. a kind of head-dress 
Kern, s. an Irish foot soldier ; a hand-mill 
Kern, v. to form into grains ; to granulate 
Ker'nel, s. the substance within a shell 
Ker'sey, s. a kind of coarse stuff 
Ketch, s. a heavy ship 
Ket'tle, s. a vessel to boil liquor in 
Ket'cle-drum, s. a drum with a body of brass 
Key, s. an instrument to open a lock, &c. ; a 

tone in music j a wharf for goods 
Key'age, f, money paid for wharfage 
Key'hole, s. the hole to put a key in 
Key'stone, s. the middle stone of an arch 
Kibe, s. a chap in the heel, a chilblain 
Kick, v. a. to strike with the foot 
Kick, s. a blow with the foot 
Kick'shaw, s. a fantastical dish of meat 
Kid,*, the young of a goat; a bundle of furze 
Kid, v. a. to bring forth kids 
Kid'der, /. an ingrosser of corn 
Kid'nap, v. a. to steal children, &c 
Kid'napper, s. one who steals human beings 
Kid'neybean, s. a garden herb 

Kid'ney9, j, certain parts of an animal which 

separate the urine from the blood 
Kil'derkin, s. a beer measure of 18 gallons 
Kill, v. a. to deprive cf life, to destroy ' 
Kil'ler, s. one who deprives of life 
Kil'iow, s. a blackish kind of earth 
Kiln, s. a stove for drying or burning in 
Kim'bo, a. crooked, bent, arched 
Kin, s. a relation, kindred, the same kind 
Kind, a. benevolent, favourable, good 
Kind, /. general class, particular nature 
Kin'dle, v. to set on fire ; to exasperate 
Kind'ly, ad. benevolently 3 with good will 
Kind'ly,c. homogeneal,mild, softening 
Kind'ness, s. benevolence, good will, love 
Kin'dred, s. relation, affinity, relatives 
Kin'dred, a. congenial, related, allied 
Kine, s. the plural of Cow 
King, s. a monarch, a chief ruler 
Klng'craft, s. the a6t or art of governing 
King'dom, s. the dominion of a king 
King'nsherj s. a beautiful small bird 
King'ly, a. royal, august, noble, monarchical 
Kings'evil, s . a scrophulous disease 
King'ship, s. royalty, monarchy 
Kins'folk, s. relations, persons related 
Kins'mati, s. a man of the same family 
Kins'woman, s. a female relation 
Kirk, s. a church ; the church of Scotland 
Kir'tle, /. an upper garment, a gown 
Kiss, v. a. to touch with the lips 
Kiss, s. a salute given by joining lips 
Kiss'ing-crust, s. a crust formed in the oven 

by one loaf touching another 
Kit, s. a small fiddle ; a wooden vessel 
Kitch'en, s. a room used for cookery, dec. 
Kitch'en-garden, s. a garden for roots, 6cc. 
Kitch'en-maid, s. an under cook maid 
Kitch'enstuff, s. the fat scummed off pots,&c. 
Kite, s. a bird of prey ; a fictitious bird of pa- 
per, serving as a plaything for boys 
Kit'ten, s. a young cat...v. n. to bring forth 

young cats 
Klick, v. n. to make a small sharp noise 
Klick'ing, j, a regular sharp noise 
Knab, v. a. to bite with noise 
Knack, /. dexterity, readiness ; a toy 
Knag, s. a hard knot in wood, a wart 
Knag'gy,«. knotty, set with hard rough knots 
Knap, j. prominence upon cloth, &c. 
Knap, v. to bite, to break in sunder 
Knap'sack, Ha'versack, s. a soldier's bag 
Knare, Knur, Knurle, s. a hard knot 
Knave, s . a petty rascal, a scoundrel 




Kna'very, j. dishonesty, craft, deceit 
Kna'vish, a. fraudulent, waggish, wicked 
Kna'vishly, ad. fraudulently, mischievously 
Knead, v. a. to work, dough with the fist 
Knead'ing-trough, s. a trough to knead in 
Knee, j. a joint between the leg and thigh 
Knee'deep, a. rising or sunk to the knees 
Knee'pan, s. a small round bone at the knee, 

a little convex on both sides 
Kneel, v. n. to bend or rest on the knee 
Knell, s. the sound of a funeral bell 
Knew, preterite of to know 
Knife, s. a steel utensil to cut with 
Knight, s. a title next in dignity to a baron- 
et ; a champion...t>. a. to create a knight 
Knighter'rant, s. a wandering knight 
Knighter'rantry, s. the feats, character, or 

manners of a knighterrant 
Knight'hood, s. the dignity of a knight 
Knight'ly, a. befitting a knight 
Knit, v. n. to weave without a loom ; close 

Knit'ter, /. one who knits or weaves 
Knlt'ting-needle, s. a wire used in knitting 
Knit'lle, j-. a string that gathers a purse round 
Knob, s. the protuberance of a tree, <5rc. 
Kncbtjed, Knobby, a. full of knobs, hard 
Knock, s. a sudden stroke, a blow 
Knock, v. to clash, to strike with noise 
Knock'er, s. a hammer hanging at the dooT 
Knoll, v. to ring or sound as a bell 
Knot, /. a part which is tied ; a difficulty- 
Knot, v. to make knots ; unite ; perplex 
Knot'ted, Knot'ty, a. full of knots ; hard 
Know, v. to understand, to recognize 
Know'ing, a. skilful, intelligent, conscious 
Know'ingly, ad. with skill ; designedly 
Knowledge, s. skill, learning, perception 
Knub'ble, v. a. to beat with the knuckles 
Knuc'kle, v. n. to submit, to bend 
Knuc'kled, a. jointed ; having knuckles 
Knuc'kles, s. the joints of the fingers 
Knuff, s. an awkward person, a lout 


LIS used as a numeral for 50 ; it also 
stands for libra, a pound ; when 
placed after a name, it signifies legum, as 
LL. D. Legum Do5or } Doctor of Laws 
La ! inter, look, behold, see 
Lab'danum, s. a resin of the softer kind 
Labefac'tion, s. the act of weakening 
Lab'efy, v. a. to weaken, to impair 
La'bel, s. a short direction upon any thing 
La'bent, a. sliding, gliding, slipping 
La'bial,^. uttered by, or relating to the lips 
Lab'orant, s. a chymist 
Laboratory, s. a chymist's work-room 
Labo'rious, «. diligent in work ; tiresome 
Laboriously, ad. with labour or toil 
La'bour, s. pain, toil, work ; childbirth 
La*bour, v. to toil, to work ; be in travail 
Labourer, s. one who toils or takes pains 
Labouring, a. striving with effort 
Lab'yrinth, s. a maze full of windings 
Lace, ;. a platted cord of gold,silver,or thread 
Lace, v. a. to fasten with a lace ; to adorn 
La'ceman, s. one who deals in lace 
La'cerable, a. that may be rent or torn 
La'cerate, v. a. to tear in pieces, to rend 
Lacera'tion, s. the act of tearing or rending 
Lach'rymal, a. generating tears 
Lach'rymary, a. containing tears 
Lach'rymatory, s. a vessel to preserve tears 
Lacin'iated, a. adorned with fringe 
Lack, v. to be in want, to need, be without 
Lack'brain, s. one that wants wit 

Lack'er. s. a kind of yellow varnish 
Lack'er, v. a. to cover with lacker 
Lack'ey, s. a footboy, an attending servant 
Lack'ey, v. a. to attend servilely 
Lack'lustre, a. wanting brightness, dull 
Lacon'ic, a. short, brief, concise 
Laconically, ad. briefly, concisely 
Lac'onism, s. a concise, pithy style 
Lac'tant, a. suckling, giving milk 
Lac'tary, a. milky.../, a dairy house 
Lafta'tion, /. the aft of giving suck 
Lac'teal, /. a vessel that conveys chyle 
Lac'teal, Lac'teous, a. conveying chyle 
Ladtes'cent, Ladtif ic, a. producing milk 
Lad, s. a boy, a stripling 
Lad'der, s. a frame with steps for climbing 
Lade, v. a. to load, freight ; throw out 
La'ding, s. a freight, cargo of a ship 
La'dle, s. a large spoon ; a vessel ; a handle 
La'dy, s. a female title of honour ; a woman 
La'dybird, La'dycow, s. a small red insect 
Ladyda'y, s. the 25th of March, the An- 
nunciation of the blessed Virgin Mary 
La'dylike, a. soft, delicate, elegant 
La'dyship, s. the title of a lady 
Lag, « . coming behind, sluggish, last 
Lag, v. n. to loiter, to stay behind 
La'ic, La'ical, a. pertaining to the laity 
Laid, preterite participle of to lay 
Lain, preterite participle of to lie 
Lair, s. the couch of a boar, or wild beast 
Laird, j. a Scotch lord of a manor 


L A T 

La'ity, s. the people, as distinguished from 

the clergy ; the state of a layman 
Lake, s. a large inland water ; a colour 
Lamb, s. the young of a sheep 
Lam'bative, a. taken by licking 
Lambent, a. playing about, gliding over 
Lamb'kin, s. a little or young lamb 
Lamb'like, a.. meek, mild, gentle 
Lamb'swool, /. ale and apple pulps 
Lame, a. crippled, hobbling, imperfect 
Lame, v. a. to make lame, to cripple 
Lam'eilated, a. covered with plates 
La'mely, ad. like a cripple, imperfectly 
La'meness, s. the state of a cripple 
Lame'nt, v. to mourn, grieve, bewail 
Lamentable, a. mournful, sorrowful 
Lam'entably, ad. mournfully, pitifully 
Lamenta'tion, j an expression of sorrow 
Lament'er, j. he who mourns or laments 
Lam'ina, s. a thin plate or scale 
Lam'inated, a. plated, covered with plates 
Lam'mas, s. the first of August 
Lamp, s. a light made with oil and a wick 
Lampbla'ck, s. a black made by holding a 

lighted torch, under a basin 
Lampoo'n , s. a personal satire ; abuse, censure 
Lampoo'n, v. a. to abuse personally 
Lampoon'er, s. a writer of personal satire 
Lam'prey, s. a fish like an eel 
Lana'rious, a. pertaining to wool 
Lance, s. a long spear...-y. a. to pierce, to cut 
Lan'cet, s. a small pointed instrument 
Lan'cinate, v. a. to tear, to rend 
Land, j. a country, region, earth, estate 
Land, v. to set or come on shore 
Land'ed, a. having a fortune in land 
Land'fall, s. a sudden translation of property 

in land by the death of a rich man 
Land'flood, s. inundation by rain 
Land'grave, s. a German title of dominion 
Landholder, s. one who possesses land 
Land'ing, s. a place to land at ; the stair top 
Land'jobber, s. one who buys and sells land 
Land'lady, s. the mistress of an inn, &c. 
Landlocked, a. shut in or enclosed by land 
Land'lord, s. the master of as inn, &c. 
Land'mark, s. a mark of boundaries 
Landscape, s. the prospect of a country 
Land'tax, s. a tax upon land and houses 
Land'waiter, s. an officer of the customs 

who watches the landing of goods 
Lane, s. a narrow street or alley 
Lan'guage, s. human speech in general 
Lan'guet, s. any thing cut like a tongue 
Lan'guid, a. weak, faint, heartless 
Lan'guidness, s. feebleness, weakness 
Lau'guish, v. n. to grow feeble, to pine 
Lan'guishingly, ad. weakly, tenderly 
Lan'guishment, /. a softness of mien 
TLan'saor, s, want of strength or epir-t 

Lan'ifice, s. a woollen manufacture 
Lanigerous, a. bearing wool 
Lank, a. loose, not fat, slender, languid 
Lank'ness, s. a want of plumpness 
Lansquene't, s. a game at cards ; a foot soldier 
Lan'tern, s. a case for a candle...a. thin 
Lap, s. that part of a person sitting which 

reaches from the waist to the knees 
Lap, v. to wrap round, to lick up 
Lap'dog, s. a little dog for the lap 
Lap'ful, j. as much as the lap can hold 
Lap'idary, s. a polisher of precious stones 
Lap'idate, v. to. to stone, to kill by stoning 
Lapid'eous, a. 6tony, of the nature of stone 
Lapides'cence, s. stony concretion 
Lapidif'ic, a. forming stones 
Lap'idist, s. a dealer in stones or gems 
Lap'per, /. one who wraps up or laps 
Lap'pet, s. a loose part of a head-dress 
Lapse, s. a small error or mistake ; fall 
Lapse, v. n. to fall from perfection, truth, or 

faith ; to glide slowly ; to slip by mistake 
Lap'wing, s. a swift and noisy bird 
Lar'board, /. the left hand side of a ship 
Lar'ceny, s. petty theft or robbery 
Lard, s. the fat of swine melted 
Lard, v. a. to stuff with bacon ; to fatten 
Lard'er, s. a place where meat is kept 
Large, a. big, wide, copious, abundant 
Large'ly, ad. extensively, liberally, widely 
Large'ness, s. bulk, greatness, extension 
Lar'gess, s. a present, bounty, gift 
Lark, s. a small singing bird 
La'rum, s an alarm ; a machine contrived to 

make a noise at a certain hour 
Lasciv'ious, a. lewd, lustful, wanton, soft 
Lasciv'iously, ad. lewdly, wantonly, loosely 
Lasciv'iousness, s. wantonness 
Lash, s. part of a whip ; a stroke 
Lash, v. a. to scourge, to strike, to satirize 
Lass, s. a girl, maid, young woman 
Las'situde,- s. fatigue, weariness, languor 
Lass'lom, a. forsaken by a mistress 
Last, a. latest, hindmost, utmost 
Last, s . the wooden mould on which shoes 

are formed ; a certain measure or weigh% the last time ; in conclusion 
Last, v. n. to endure, to continue 
Last'age, /. customs paid for freightage 
Last'ing, part . a. durable, perpetual 
Last'ly, ad. in the last time or place 
Latch, s. a fastening of a door, &c. 
Latch'et, /. a shoe-string ; a fastening 
Late, a. slow, tardy ; deceased 
Late, ad. far in the day or night ; lately 
La'tely, Lat'terly, ad. not long ago 
La'teness, s. time far advanced 
La'tent, a. secret, hidden, concealed 
Lat'eral, a. growing out on the side, &c. 
Lst'eratly, ad. by the side, sidewise 




Lat/eran, s. the Pope's palace at Rome 
Lath, s. a long thin slip of wood ; a division 

of a country, usually containing three, and 

sometimes more hundreds 
Lath, v. a. to fit up with laths 
Lathe, s. a turner's tool 
Lath'er, s. the froth of water and soap 
Lat'in, /. the ancient Roman language 
Lat'inism, s. an idiom of the Latin tongue 
Lat'inist, s. one well versed in Latin 
Lat'inize, v. to make or use Latin 
La'tion, s. removal of a body in a right line 
La'tish, a. somewhat late 
Lat'itancy, s. the state of lying hid 
Lat'itant, a. concealed, delitescent 
Lat'itude, s. breadtn, width, extent, liberty, 

diffusion ; the distance, north or south, 

from the equator 
I atitudina'rian, a. unlimited, not confined 
La'trant, a. barking, snarling 
Latri'a, /. the highest kind of worship 
Lat'teh, s. brass ; iron tinned over 
Lat'ter, a. modern ; the last of two • 
Lat'termath, s. a second mowing 
Lat'tice, s. a window formed of grate work 
Lava'tion, s. the act of washing 
Lav'atory, s. a wash ; a bathing place 
Laud, s. praise...^, a. to praise, to extol 
Laud'able, a. praiseworthy ; salubrious 
Laud'ably, ad. deserving praise 
Laudanum, s. the tincture of opium 
Lave, v. to wash, bathe, lade out 
Lav'ender, s. a fragrant herb 
La'ver, s. a washing vessel 
Laugh, v. to make that noise which sudden 

mirth excites ; to deride, to scorn 
Laugh'able, a. exciting laughter, droll 
Laugh'er, ;. one who laughs much 
Laugh 'ing-stock, s. an object of ridicule 
Laugh'ter, s. a convulsive meny noise 
Lav'ish, v. a to waste, to scatter profusely 
Lav'ish, a. indiscreetly liberal, wild 
Lav'ishly, ad. profusely, prodigally 
Launch, v. to put to sea ; to dart forward 
Laun'dress, s. a washerwoman 
Laun'dry, s. a room to wash clothes in 
Lavo'lt, or Lavo'lta, s. an old brisk dance'rcat, s. the royal poet 
Lau'reate, a. decked with laurel 
Lau'rel, s. an evergreen tree 
Lavv'reled, a. crowned with laurel 
Law, s. a rule of action ; a decree, edict, or 

statute ; a judicial process 
Lavv'ful, a. conformable to law, legal 
Law'fully, ad. in a lawful manner 
Lawfulness, s. the allowance of law 
Law'giver, s. one who makes laws, legislator 
Law'less, a. illegal, unrestrained by law 
Lawn, s. a plain between woods ; fine linen 
Law'suit, s, a process in law, a litigation 

Law'yer, s. professor of law, an advocate 
Lax, a. loose, vague, slack ; loose in body 
Lax, s. a looseness, a diarrhoea ; a fish 
Lax'ative, a. relieving costiveness 
Lax'ity, Lax'ness, ;. looseness, openness 
Lay,-y. to place along; to beat down ; to calm ; 

to settle; to wager; to protrude eggs; impose 
Lay, s. a row ; a stratum ; grassy ground ; 

a meadow ; a song or peem 
Lay, a. not clerical ; belonging to the people 

as distinct from the clergy 
Lay'er, s. a stratum ; a sprig of a plant 
Lay'man, :. one of the laity ; an image 
La'zar, s. one infected with filthy diseases 
La'zarhouse, or Lazaret'to, s. a house to re- 
ceive lazars in ; an hospital 
La'zily, ad. idly, sluggishly, heavily 
La'ziness, s. idleness, slothfulness 
La'zy, a. idle, sluggish, unwilling to work 
Lea, Lee, Ley, ;. ground enclosed 
Lead, j. the heaviest metal, except go!d 
Lead, v. to guide, to conduct, to induce 
Lead'en, a. made of lead ; heavy, dull 
Le'ader, s. a conductor, a commander 
Le'ading, part. a. principal, going before 
Leaf, s. the green parts of trees and plants ; 

part of a book, a door, or table 
Leafless, a. naked, or stripped of leaves 
League, s. a confederacy ; three miles 
League,?;, n. to confederate, to unite 
Leak, v. n. to let water in or out, to drop 
Leak'age, /. allowance for loss by leaks 
Leak'y, a. letting water in or out 
Lean, a. thin, meagre...*, meat without f:t 
Lean, v. n. to rest against, tend towards 
Lean'ness, s. a want of flesh, meagerness 
Leap, v. to jump ; to bound ; to spring 
Leap, s. a bound, jump, sudden transition 
Leapfrog, s . a play of children 
Leap'year, s. every fourth year 
Learn, 7'. to gain knowledge, to teach 
Learn'ed, a. versed in science, skilled 
Learn'er, s. one who is learning any thing 
Learning, s. skill in any thing, erudition 
Lease, ;. a temporary contract for possessicn 

of houses or lands ; any tenure 
Lease, v. to glean, to gather up 
Leas'er, s. a gleaner 

Leash, s. a leathern thong, a band to tie v. ith 
Leas'ing, s. lies, falsehood, deceit 
Least, a. superlative of little, the smalies : in the lowest degree 
Leas'y, a. flimsy, of weak texture 
Leath'er, s. an animal's hide dressed 
Leath'ercoat, s an apple with a tough rind 
Leath'er-dresser, s. he who dresses leather 
Leath'ern, a. made of leather 
Leath'er-seller, s. he who deals in leather 
Leave, j, permission, licence ; a farev.c;". 
Leave, v, to quit, abandcn } bequeath 




Lea'ven, or Le'ven, s. ferment ; that which 
being mixed in any body makes it rise and 
Lea'ven, v. a. to ferment, taint, imbrue 
Lea'ver, or Le'ver, s. a bar for raising a 
heavy weight ; the second mechanical 
Leaves, s. the plural of Leaf 
Leav'ings, s. a remnant, relics, offals 
Lech, v. a. to lick over 
Lech'erous, a. lewd, lustful 
Lech'erously, ad. lewdly, lustfully 
Lech'ery, s. lewdness, lust 
Lec'tion, s. a reading ; a variety in copies 
Lec'tionary, s. the Romish service-book 
Lec'ture, v. to read lectures ; to reprimand 
Lec'ture, s. a discourse on any subject 
Lec'turer, s. an instructor, a preacher 
Led , part. pret. of to lead 
Ledge, s. a small moulding on the edge 
Ledg'er, s. the chief book of accounts 
Lee, s. dregs ; the side opposite the wind 
Leech, s. a small water bloodsucker 
Leek, s. a common pot herb 
Leer, s. an oblique cast of the eye 
Leer, v. n. to look obliquely or archly 
Lees, s. dregs, sediment 
Leet, s. a court held by lords of manors 
Lee'ward, ad. toward the shore or side on 

which the wind blows 
Lee'way, s . the lateral movement of a ship 

to leeward of her course 
Left, part. pret. of to leave 
Left, a. opposite to the right ; sinister 
Left' handed, a. using the left hand 
Leg, s. the limb between the knee and foot 
Leg'acy, s. a bequest made by will 
Le'gal, a. not contrary to law, lawful 
Legal'ity, Le'galness, s. lawfulness 
Le'galize, v. a. to make lawful, to authorize 
Le'gally, ad. lawfully, according to law 
Le'gate, s. an ambassador from the Pope 
Legate'e, s. one who has a legacy left him 
Leg'atine, a. pertaining to a legate 
Lega'tion, s. a deputation, an embassy 
Lega'tor, s. one who makes a will 
Le'gend,j-. a chronicle, or register j a fabulous 

narrative ; an inscription 
Le'gendary, a. fabulous, unauthentic • 
Legerdema'in, s. slight of hand, a juggle 
Leger'ity, s. lightness, nimbleness 
Le'gible, a. easy to be read, apparent 
Le'gibly, ad. in a manner easy to be read 
Le'gion, j. a body of soldiers; a military force 3 

a great number 
Legislation, s. the act of giving laws 
Legislative, a. lawgiving, making laws 
Legislator, s. one who makes laws 
Legislature, s. the power that makes laws 
Legitimacy, s. a lawful birth, genuineness 

Legit'imate, a. born in marriage 
Legitimately, ad. lawfully, genuinely 
Leg'ume, Leg'umen, s. seeds or pulse 
Legu'minous, a. belonging to pulse 
Leis'urable, a. done at, or having leisure 
Leis'ure, ;. freedom from business or hurry 
Leis'urely, a. not hasty, deliberate, slow... 

ad. not in a hurry, slowly 
Le'man, s . a sweetheart, or gallant 
Lem'ma, s. a proposition previously assumed 
Lem'on, s. the name of an acid fruit 
Lemona'de, s. water, sugar, and lemon juice 
Lend, v. a. to grant the use of any thing 
Lend'er, s. one who lends any thing 
Length, s. extent from end to end ; distance 
Length'en, v. to make longer, to protract 
Le'nient, a. assuasive, mitigating, emollient 
Le'nient, s. an emollient application 
Len'ify, v. a. to assuage, mitigate, soften 
Len'itive, a. assuasive...;. a palliative 
Len'ity, s. mildness, mercy, tenderness 
Lens, j.. a glass spherically convex 
Lent, s. the quadragesimal fast ; time of ab- 
Lent'en, a. such as is used in Lent ; sparing 
Lentic'ular, a. doubly convex ; like a lens 
Len'til, s. a sort of pulse or pea 
Len'titude, s. sluggishness, slowness 
Len'tor, s. tenacity,viscosity ; slowness,delay 
Lent'ous, a. viscous, tenacious, glutinous 
Le'onine, a. belonging to a lion 
Leop'ard, s. a spotted beast of prey 
Le'per, /. one infected with a leprosy 
Lep'erous, Lep'rous, a. having the leprosy 
Lepo'rean, Lep'crine, a. belonging to a hare ; 

having the nature of a hare 
Lep'rosy, s. a distemper of white scales 
Less, Les'ser, ad. in a smaller degree 
Lesse'e, s. one who takes a lease of another 
Les'sen, v. to grow less ; degrade ; shrink 
Les'son, s. a task to learn or read ; a precept 
Les'sor, s. he who grants a lease to another 
Lest, con. that not, in case that 
Let, v. a. to allow, to permit, to hire out 
Let, j, an hinderance, obstruction, obstacle 
Lethar'gic, a. sleepy, drowsy, heavy 
Leth'argy, s. a morbid drowsiness, sleepiness 
Le'the, s. oblivion, a draught of oblivion 
Lethiferous, a. deadly, fatal 
Let'ter, s. a written message ; one of the cha- 
racters of the alphabet ; a printing type , 
one who lets or permits 
Let'tercase, s. a case to put letters in 
Let'ters, s. literature, learning 
Let'tered, a. learned, educated to learning ; 

marked with letters 
Let'terfounder, s. one who casts letters 
Let'tuce, s. a common salad plant 
Leva'nt, a. eastern 
Leva'nt,;, eastern parts of the Mediterranean 



L I M 

Leve'e, s. a crowd of attendants ; a toilet 
Lev'el, s. a plane ; standard ; an instrument 

whereby masons adjust their work 
Lev'el, a. even, plain, fiat, smooth 
Lev'el, v. to make even ; to lay flat j to aim 
Lev'eller, /. one who destroys superiority 
Lev'elness, /. an equality of surface 
Le'ver. See Leaver 
Lev'eret, s. a young hare 
Lev'et, t. a blast on the trumpet 
Lev'iable, a. that may be levied 
Levi'athan, s- by some supposed to mean the 

crocodile, but, in general, the whale 
Lev'igate, v. a. to rub, to grind, to smooth 
Le'vite, s. one of the tribe of Levi 
Levit'ical, a. belonging to the Levites 
Lev'ity, s. lightness, inconstancy, vanity 
Lev'y, v. a. to raise, collect, impose 
Lev'y, s. the aft of raising money or men 
Lewd, a. wicked, lustful, not clerical 
Lewd'ness, s. lustfulness, wickedness 
Lexicog'rapher, ;. a writer of dictionaries 
Lex'icon, /. a dictionary, a word-book 
Li'able, a. subject to, not exempt 
Li'ar, s. one who tells falsehoods 
Li'ard, a. roan...j. a French farthing 
Liba'tion, s. an offering made of wine 
Li'bel, s. a defamatory satire, a lampoon 
Li'beller, s. a defamatory writer, lampooner 
Li'bellous, a. defamatory, abusive 
Lib'eral, a. free, bountiful, generous 
Liberal'ity, s. munificence, bounty 
Lib'erate, v. a. to set free, to release 
Lib'ertine, s. a dissolute liver, a rake 
Lib'ertine, a. licentious, irreligious 
Liber'tinism, s. irreligion, licentiousness 
Lib'erty, s. freedom, exemption, leave 
Libiri'inous, a. lewd, licentious 
Li'bra, s. one of the signs of the zodiac 
Librarian, s. one who has the care of books 
Li'brary, s. a large collection of books 
Li'brate, v. a. to poise, to balance 
Libra'tion, s. the state of being balanced 
Lice, s. the plural of Louse 
Li'cence, s. a permission, liberty 
Li'cense, v. a. to grant leave ; to permit by 

a legal grant ; to set at liberty 
Licen'tiate, s. one who has a licence to prac- 
tise any art or faculty 
Licen'tious, a. unrestrained, disorderly 
Licen'tiousness, s. boundless liberty, con- 
tempt of just restraint 
Lick, v. a. to touch with the tongue, to lap 
Lick'erish, a. nice, delicate, greedy 
Lic'orice, s. a root of a sweet taste 
Lic'tor, s. a beadle amongst the Romans 
Lid, s. a cover for a pan, box, &c. 
Lie, s. a fiction, a falsehood ; any thing im- 
pregnated with another body, as soap, &c. 
Lie, v. n. to tell a lie ; to lean upon ; to rest 

Liege, ;. a sovereign ...a. subject ; trusty 
Lie'ger, s. a resident ambassador 
Lieu, s. place, room, stead, behalf 
Lieuten'ancy, s. the office of a lieutenant 
Lieuten'ant, s. a deputy, a second in rank 
Lieuten'antship, s. the rank of lieutenant 
Life, s. animal being ; conduct, condition 
Li'feguard, s. guard of a prince's person 
Li'feless, a. dead ; without force or spirit 
Li'fetime, s, the duration of life 
Lift, v. a. to raise up, elevate, support 
Lift, s. the act of lifting up ; a struggle 
Lig'ament, s. a band to tie parts together 
Lig'ature. s. a bandage^ any thing bound on ; 

the act of binding 
Light, j. the transparency of air caused by 
the rays of the sun, &c. -, mental knowl- 
edge ; situation ; a taper 
Light, a. not heavy ; active ; bright ; not dark 
Light, v. to kindle, to lighten ; to rest on 
L^ght'en, v. to flash with lightning 
Light'er, s. a boat for unloading ships 
Light erman, ;. one who manages a lighter 
Lightfin'gered, a. thievish, dishonest 
Lightfoot'ed, a. nimble, swift, active 
Lighthead'ed, a. delirious, thoughtless 
j Lightheart'ed, a. gay, merry, cheerful 
I Light'ly, ad. without reason, nimbly 
j Light'ness, u a want of weight ; levity 
J Light'ning, s. the flash before thunder 
i Lights, s. the lungs ; organs of breathing 
j Light-'some, a. luminous, gay. airy 
I Lig'neous, a. made of wood, like wood 
Lig'ure, s. a kind of precious stone 
Like, a. resembling, equal, likely 
Like, ad. in the same manner, probably 
Like, "J. to chuse ; approve, be pleased with 
Livelihood, s. appearance, probability 
Li'kely,tf<i. probably...^, probable 
Li'ken, v. a. to make like, to compare 
Li'keness, /. a resemblance, similitude, form 
Li'kewise, ad. in like manner, also 
Li'king, s. plumpness ; state of trial 
Lil'ied, a. embellished with lilies 
Lil'y, s. a beautiful flower 
Lil'ylivered, a. whitelivered, cowardly 
Li'mature, ;. the filings of any metal 
Lima'tion, *, the act of filing or polishing 
Limb, s. a member, bough, border, edge 
Limb, v. a. to tear asunder, dismember 
Lim'bec, s. a still ; a vessel to distil 
Limb'ed, a. formed with regard to limbs 
Lim'ber, a. flexible, easily bent, pliant 
Lim'bo, s. a place of restraint, a prison 
Lime, j. a stone, a fruit../v. a. to ensnare 
Li'mekiin, s. a kiln for burning limestone 
Lim'it, s. bound, border, utmost reach 
Lim'it, v. a. to restrain, to circumscribe 
Lim'itary, a. placed at the boundaries 
Liruita'tion, s. restriction ; a boundary 



L O A 

Limn, v. n. to draw, to paint any thing 
Lim'ner, s. a painter, a picture maker 
Li'mous, a. muddy, slimy, miry 
Limp, v. n. to halt, to walk lamely 
Limp, a. vapid, weak, pliant 
Lim'pet, s. a kind of shell-fish 
Lim'pid, a. clear, pure, transparent 
Lim'pidness, s. clearness, purity 
Ls'my, a. viscous ; containing lime 
Linch'pin, s. the iron pin of an axletree 
Linc'tus, s. a medicine to be licked up 
Lin'den, s. the lime tree 
Line, v. a. to guard within ; to cover 
Line, /. a string ; z\» angler's string ; the e- 
quinoctial circle; extension ; limit ; prog- 
eny ; lineaments ; tenth of an inch 
Lin'eage, s. a family, race, progeny 
Lin'eal, a. descending in a right line 
Lineally, ad, in a direct line, duly 
Lin'eament, s. a feature ; a discriminating 

mark in the form 
Lin'ear, a. composed of lines, like lines 
Linea'tion, s. a draught of a line or lines 
Lin'en, s. cloth made of hemp or flax 
Lin'en-draper, s. one who deals in linen 
Ling, s. a kind of sea fish ; heath 
Lin'ger, v. to remain long ; pine ; hesitate 
Lin'get, s. a small mass of metal ; a bird'go, s. a language, tongue, speech 
Lingua'cious, a. full of tongue, talkative 
Lin'guist, s. one skilful in languages 
Lin'iraent, /. an ointment, a balsam 
Li'ning, s. that which is within any thing 
Link, s. a ring of a chain ; a torch of pitch 
Link, v. a. to unite, to join, to connect 
Lin'net, s. a small singing bird 
Lin'seed, s. the seed of flax 
Lin'seywoolsey, a. made of linen and wool 
Lin'stock, s. a staff with a match at the end 
Lint, /• linen scraped soft ; flax 
Lintel, s. the upper part of a door frame 
Li'on, s. the most magnanimous of beasts 
Li'oness, s. a she lion 
Lip, s. the outer part of the mouth ; the 

edge of any thing, &c 
Lipoili'ymous, a. swooning, fainting 
Lipoth'ymy, s. a swoon, a fainting fit 
Lip'pitude, s. blearedness of eyes 
Liqua'tion, s. art or capacity of melting 
Liquefac'tion, s. state of being melted 
Li'quefiable, a. such as may be melted 
Li'quefy, v. to melt, to dissolve 
Liques'cent, a. melting, dissolving 
Li'quid, a. not solid, fluid, dissolved 
Li'quid, s. a fluid substance, a liquor 
Li'quids, s. these four letters, /, m, «, r 
Liquidate, v. a. to lessen debts, to clear 
Li'quor, ;. any thing liquid ; any strong drink 
Lisp, v. n. to clip words in pronunciation 
List, v. to chase ; to enlist soldiers j to listen 

List, s. a roll ; a catalogue ; place for fight- 
ing; desire; outer edge of cloth 
List'ed, a. striped, party-coloured 
List'en, v. to hearken, hear, attend to 
List'less, a. careless, heedless, indifferent 
List'lessly, ad. without thought, heedlessly 
List-'lessness, s. inattention 
Lit, the preterite of to light 
Lit'any, s. a form of supplicatory prayer 
Lit'eral, a. not figurative, exact 
Lit'erary, a. respecting letters, or learning 
Litera'ti, s. men of learning 
Lit'erature, j. learning, skill in letters 
Lith'arge, s. lead vitrified, either alone or 

with a mixture of copper 
Lithe, Li'thesome, a. limber, flexible 
Lithog'raphy, s. an engraving on stone 
Lith'omancy, s. a prediction by stones 
Lithot'omist, s. one who cuts for the stone 
Lit'igant, s. one engaged in a lawsuit 
Lit'igate, v. a. to contest in law, to debate 
Litiga'tiou, s. a judicial contest, lawsuit 
Liti'gious, a. quarrelsome, disputable 
Liti'giousness, ;. a wrangling disposition 
Lit'ter, /. a kind of vehiculary bed ; a birth 
of animals ; things thrown skittishly a« 
bout i straw laid under animals 
Lit'ter, v. a. to bring forth ; to scatter about 
Lit'tle, a. small in quantity, diminutive 
Lit'tle, s. a small space, not much 
Lit'tle, ad. in a small quantity or degree 
Lit'ioral, a. belonging to the sea shore 
Lit'urgy, s. the public form of prayer 
Live, v- rt. to be in a state of life ; to feed 
Live, a. quick, active ; not extinguished 
Li'velihood, s. the means of living, support 
Liveliness, ;• sprightliness, vivacity 
Li'velong, a. tedious, lasting, durable 
Li'vely, a. brisk, gay, strong, energetic 
Liv'er, s. one of the entrails ; one who lives 
Liv'ercolour, s. a very dark red 
Liv'ergrown, a. having a great liver 
Liv'ery, s. clothes with different trimmings 

worn by servants 
Liv'eryman, / one who wears a livery ; a 

freeman in a company, &c. 
Liv'ery- stable, s. a public stable 
Lives, s. plural of Life 
Liv'id, a. discoloured, as with a blow 
Livid'ity, s. discoloration, as by a blow 
Liv'ing, x. maintenance, support ; a benefice 
Li'vre, s. the sum by which the French reck- 
on their money, value, iOd. sterling 
Lixiv'ial, a. impregnated with salts 
Lixiv'iate, a. making a lixivium 
Lixiv'ium, s. lie made of ashes, water, &c. 
Liz'ard, s. a small creeping animal, a serpent 
Lo 1 inter, look, see, behold 
Load, s. a burden ; leading vein in a mine 
Load, v. a, to burden ; freight - ? charge a gun 

L O N 

3 7 


Load'stone, s. the magnet, a stone with an 

attracting and repellent power 
Loaf, :. a mass of bread or sugar, &c 
Loam, s. a fat unctuous earth, marl 
Loam'y, a. of the nature of loam, marly- 
Loan, s. any thing lent, interest 
Loath, a. unwilling, disliking, not ready 
Loathe, v. a. to hate, to nauseate 
Loath'ful, a. hating, abhorred, odious 
Loath'ing, /. hatred, abhorrence, disgust 
Loath'some, a. abhorred, causing dislike 
Loathsomeness, s. the quality of hatred 
Loaves, s. plural of loaf 
Lob, s. a clumsy person 5 a prison ; a worm 
Lob'by, s. an opening before a room 
Lobe, s. a part of the lungs ; a division 
Lob'ster, s. a crustaceous shell-fish 
Lo'cai, a. relating to, or being of a place 
Locality, s. existence or relation of place 
Lo'cally, ad. with respect to place 
Loca'tion, s. the act of placing ; a situation 
Lock, s. an instrument to fasten doors, &c. 
Lock, v- to fasten with a lock, to close 
Lock'er, s. a drawer, a cupboard, &c. 
Ljck'et, j. an ornamental lock, &c. 
Lock'ram, s. a sort cf coarse linen 
Locomo'iion, s. power of changing piace 
Locomo'tive, a. able to change place 
Lo'cust, /. a devouring insect 
Lodge, v. to place, settle, reside ; lie fiat 
Lodge, /.small house in a park ; porter's room 
Lodgement, j. an encampment ; possession of 

the enemy's works 
Lod'ger, s. one who hires a lodging 
Lodg'ing, t. a temporary abode ; rooms hired 
Loft, s. a floor ; the highest floor 
Loft'ily, ad. on high, haughtily, sublimely 
Loftiness, s. height, pride, sublimity 
Lof'cy, a. high, sublime, haughty, proud 
Log, s. a piece of wood, a Hebrew measure 
Logarithms, s. a series of artificial numbers 

for the expedition of calculation 
LogTbook, s. journal of a ship's course, &c. 
Log'gats, s. an old play or game 
Log'gerhead, j. a dolt, a thickscull 
Lo'gic, s. the art of using reason well, in our 

inquiries after truth 
Lo'gkal, a. of or pertaining to logic 
Lo'gically, ad. by the laws of logic 
Logi'cian, s. one versed in logic 
Logis'tic, a. relating to sexagesimals 
Log'line, s. a line to measure a ship's way 
Logom'achy, ;. a contention about words 
Log'wood,/.a wood brought from Campeachy 

Bay, used in dying dark colours 
Loin, j. the reins, the back cf an animal 
Loi'ter, v. n. to linger, to spend time idly 
Loi'terer, s. a lingerer, idler, a lazy wretch 
Loll, v. to lean idly, to hang out 
Lone, a. solitary 3 single, lonely 

31 2 

Lo'neliness, Lo'neness, s. solitude 
Lo'nely, Lo'nesome, a. solitary, dismal 
Long, a. not short, either as applied to time, 

ph.te, or dimensions ; desirous 
Long, v. n. to wish or desire earnestly 
Longanim'ity, s. forbearance, patience 
Longboat, ;. the largest boat of a ship 
Longe, s. a thrust or push in fencing 
Longevity, s. great length of life 
Longe'vous, a. long lived, living long 
Longim'anous, a. having long hands 
Longim'etry, s. art cf measuring distances 
Long'ing, s. an earnest wish or desire 
Long'ingly, ad. with incessant wishes 
Lon'gitude, s. length ; the distance of any 
part cf the earth, east or west from Lon- 
don, or any other given piace ; the French 
reckon their longitude from Paris 
Longitu'dinal, a. running in the longest di- 
rection ; extended lengthwise 
Long'some, a. tedious, tiresome, long 
Longsuf'feriiig, a. patient...-, clemency 
Long'ways, Long'wise, ad. in length 
Longwind'ed, a. tedious, longbreathed 
Loo, .f. the name of a game at cards 
Lco'bily, ad. awkwardly, clumsily 
Loo'by, s. a lubber, a clumsy clown 
Loof, *. a part of a ship 
Look, v. to seek for, expect, behold 
Look, s. the air of the face, mien 
Look ! inter, see ! heboid ! observe 
Look'ing-glass, s. a reflecting mirror 
Loom, v. n. to appear indistinctly at sea 
Loom, s. a weaver's frame for work 
Loon, s. a mean or simple fellow, a scoundrel 
Loop, s. a noose in a rope, &c. 
Lcop'hole, s. an aperture ; shift, evasion 
Loose, v. to unbind, relax, set free 
1 Loose, a. unbound, wanton. ..s. liberty 
Loosely, ad. not fast, irregularly, unchasiely 
Loos'en, v. to relax any thing, to part 
Loose'ness, s. a flux ; irregularity,unch^stity 
Lop, v. a. to cut or chop short 
Loqua'cious, a. full of talk, blabbing 
Loqua'city, s. too much talk, prate 
Lord, s. a monarch; a supreme person ; a 

ruler ; a nobleman ; a title of honour 
Lord, 11. n. to domineer, to rule despotically 
Lord'ing, Lord'ling, s. a lord in contempt 
Lord'liness, s. dignity, high station, pride 
Lordly, a. proud, imperious, lofty 
Lord'shipjj. dominion ; a title given to lores 
Lore, s. doctrine, instruction, learning 
Lor'icate, v. a. to plate over 
Lor'imer, Lor'iner, s. a bridle-cutter 
Lorn, a. forsaken, lost, forlorn 
Lose, v. to suffer loss, not to win ; to fail 
Los'el ,;. a mean worthless fellow.a scoundrel 
Lo'ser, j. one who has suffered a loss 
Loss, s. damage ; forfeiture ; puzzle 

L O Y 

L U R 

Lost, part. a. perished, gone ; imperceptible 

JLot, s. fortune, state assigned, portion 

Lote, s. a tree 

Lo'tion , s. a medicinal wash 

Lot'tery, s a distribution of prizes by chance ; 

a game of chance ; a sortilege 
Loud, a. noisy, clamorous, turbulent 
Loudly, ad. noisily, clamorously 
Loud'ness, s. noise, clamour, turbulence 
Love, v. a. to regard with affection 
Love, s. the passion between the sexes ; good 

will ; courtship ; liking, fondness, concord 
Lo've -letter, s. a letter of courtship 
Lo'velily, ad. amiably, in a lovely manner 
Lo'veliness, s. amiableness 
Lo'velorn, a. forsaken by one's love 
Lo'vely, a. amiable., exciting love 
Lov'er, s. one who is in love ; a friend 
Lo'vesick, a. disordered with love, languishing 
Lo'vesong, s. a song expressing love 
Lo'vesuit, s. courtship 
Lo'vetale, s. narrative of love 
Lo'vetoy, s. a small present made by a lover 
Lo'vetrick, s. the art of expressing love 
Lough, or Loch, s. a lake ; standing water 
IsOv'ing, part. a. kind, affectionate 
Lovingkind'ness, s . tenderness, mercy 
Lovingly, ad affe&ionately, with kindness 
Louis-d'or, s. a French gold coin, the old 

ones worth 17s. and the new about I/. 
Lounge, v. n. to idle or live lazily 
Loun'ger, s. an idler, an indolent man 
Louse, s. a small animal, of which different 

species live on the bodies of men, of 

beasts, and perhaps of all living animals 
Louslly, ad. in a paltry, mean, scurvy way 
Lousiness, s. the state of being lousy 
Lous'y, a. swarming with lice ; mean 
Lout, 1, an awkward fellow, a clown 
Loutish, a. clownish, bumpkinly 
Lou'ver, s. an opening for the smoke 
Low, a. not high, humble, dejected, mean 
Low, v. to sink, to make low ; to bellow 
Low, ad. with a low voice, abjectly 
Low'er, s. cloudiness of look, gloominess 
Low'er, -v. to humble, depress, sink, fall 
Low'eringly, ad. gloomily, cloudily 
Low'ermost, a. lowest, deepest 
Lowing, s. the bellowing of oxen, &c. 
L'-Jwland, s. a low country, a marsh 
Lowliness, s. humility, want of dignity 
Lowly, a. humble, meek, not lofty 
Low'ness, s. absence of height, meanness of 

condition ; want of rank ; dejection 
Lowspirlted, a. dejected, not lively 
Loxodrom'ic, s. the art of oblique sailing by 

the rhomb, which always makes an equal 

angle with every meridian 
Loy'al, a. true to a prince, a lady, or a lover 
I-'jy'alict. s. one faithful to his king 

Loy'ally, ad. with fidelity or adherence 

Loy'alty, s. fidelity, adherence 

Loz'enge, s. a medicine made in small pieces 

to melt gradually in the mouth 
Lub'ber, Lubl>ard, s. a lazy idle fellow 
Lub'berly, ad. awkwardly, clumsily 
Lu'bric, Lubricous, a. slippery, unsteady 
Lu'bricate, v. to make smooth or slippery 
Lubri'city, s. slipperiness ; wantonness 
Luce, *. a pike full grown 
Lu'cent, a. shining, bright, splendid 
Lu'cern, s. a remarkably quick growing herb 
Lu'cid, a. shining, bright, pellucid, clear 
Lucidity, j. splendour, brightness 
Lu'cifer, s. the devil ; the morning star 
Lucif'erous, Luciflc, a. giving light 
Luck, s. chance ; fortune, good or bad 
Luckily, ad. fortunately, by good hap 
Luckiness, s. good hap, casual happiness 
Luckless, a. unfortunate, unhappy 
Luck'y, a. fortunate, happy by chance 
Lu'crative, a. profitable, gainful 
Lu'cre, s. gain, profit, pecuniary advantage 
Lucta'tion, /. a struggle, effort, contest 
Lactiferous, Ludtiflc, a. causing sorrow 
Lu'cubrate, -v. n. to study by night 
Lucubra'tion, s. a nightly study or work 
Lu'cubratory, a. composed by candle-light 
Lu'culent, a. clear, lucid, certain, evident 
Lu'dicrous, a. sportive, merry, burlesque 
Lu'dicrously, ad. in burlesque, sportively 
Ludifica'tion, s. the act of mocking 
Luff, v. n. to keep close to the wind 
Lug, v. to pull with violence, to drag 
Lug, s. a fish ; a pole or perch ; an ear 
Lug'gage, s. any cumbrous heavy thing 
Lug'sail, s. a kind of square sail 
Lu'kewarm s «. moderately warm; indifferent 
Lu'kewarmness, s. moderate heat, &c. 
Lull, v. a. to compose to sleep, put to rest 
Lullaby, s. a song to quiet infants 
Lumba'go, s. pains about the loins 
Lum'ber, s. old useless furniture, &c. 
Lu'minary, s. any body that gives light 
Lu'minous, a. shining, enlightened, bright 
Lump, s. a shapeless mass ; the gross 
Lumping, Lumpish, a. large, gross 
Lumplshly, ad- with stupidity, heavily 
Lump'y, a. full of lumps ; dull, heavy 
Lu'nacy, /. madness in general 
Lu'nar, Lu'nary, a. relating to the moott 
Lu'natic, s. a mad man ...a. mad 
Luna'tion, s» the revolution of the moon 
Lunch, Lunch'eon, s. a handful of food 
Lune'tte, s. a half moon in fortification 
Lungs, s. the parts for respiration 
Lunt, s. a match cord to fire guns with 
Lu'pine, /. a sort of pulse 
Lurch, v. to shift, play tricks, lurk, devour 
Lurch, s, a forlorn or deserted state 




Lurch'er, s. a hunting dog; a glutton 
Lure, /. an enticement...-^, to entice 
Lu'rid, a. pale, gloomy, dismal 
Lurk, v. n. to lie in wait, to lie close 
Lurk'er, s. a thief that lies in wait 
Lurk'ing-place, s. hiding place, secret place 
Lus'cious, a. sweet, pleasing, cloying 
Lush, a. of a dark, deep colour 
Lusk,rt. idle, lazy, worthless 
Lusk'iness, s. a disposition to laziness 
Luso'rious, Lu'sory, a. used in play, sportive 
Lust, s. carnal desire...-u. n. to long for 
Lust'ful, a. having irregular desires 
Lus'tily, ad. stoutly, with vigour 
Lus'tiness, s. stoutness, vigour of body 
Lus'trate, v. a. to cleanse, to purify 
Lustra'tion, 3. a purification by water 
Lus'tre, /. brightness ; renown ; a sconce 

with lights ; the space of five years 
Lus'tring, s. a kind of shining silk 
Lus'trous, a. bright, shining, luminous 
Lus'ty, a. stout, healthy, able of body 
Luta'rious, a. living in mud, like mud 
Lute, /. a musical instrument ; a clay with 

which chymists close up their vessels 
Lute, vi n. to close with lute or clay 

Lutheran, s. a follower of Luther 
I.u'theranism, s. the doctrine of Luther 
Lu'tulent, a. muddy, foul, turbid 
Lux, Lux'ate, v. a. to put out of joint 
Luxation, s. a disjointing ; thing disjointed 
Luxu'riance, Luxu'riancy, s. exuberance ; 

abundant plenty or growth 
Luxuriant, a. superfluously plenteous 
Luxu'rious, a. voluptuous ; softening by 

pleasure ; enervating ; exuberant 
Luxuriously, a^. voluptuously, deliciously 
Luxu'riousness, s. voluptuousness 
Lux'ury, s. delicious fare ; profuseness ; ad- 

dictedness to pleasure 
Lycan'thropy, s. a species of madness 
Lydian mood, s. in music, a doleful and la- 
menting kind of it 
Lye, j. See lee and lie 
Ly'ing, part, of to lie 
Lymph, s. a pure transparent fluid 
Lymph'edu<5l, s. a vessel to convey lymph 
Lynx, s. a sharp-sighted spotted beast 
Lyre, s. a harp, a musical instrument 
Lyr'ic, Lyr'ical, a. pertaining to a harp, or 

to odes or poetry sung to a harp 
Lyr'ist, s . one who plays on the harp 


MHAS in English one unvaried sound 
by compression of the lips; as, mine; 
it is a numeral for IOOO ; it is an abbrevi- 
ation of ma^iiter, or master, as M A. Mas- 
ter of Arts ; M. S. stand for manuscript, 
and M. S. S. for manuscripts 
Mac, .f. an Irish and Scotch word for son 
Macaro'ni, /. a fop, a coxcomb 
Macaron'ic,j. a confused mixture 
Macaroo'n, s. a sweet cake or biscuit 
Maca'w, s. a West Indian bird 
Mace, s. an ensign of authority ; a spice 
Ma'cebearer, s. one who carries the mace 
Ma'cerate, v. a. to make lean ; to steep 
Macera'tion, s. a making lean ; steeping 
Ma'chinal, a. relating to machines 
Ma'chinate, v. a. to plan, contrive, invent 
Machina'tionj s. an artifice, contrivance 
Machi'ne, s. an engine ; a stage coach 
Machinery, /. enginery ; any complicated 

workmanship; decoration in a poem 
Machinist, s. a constructor, &c. of engines 
Ma'cilent, a. lean, lank, thin 
Mac'kerel, ;. a small sea fish 
Ma'crocosm, s. the whole world, or visible 
system, opposed to microcosmj the world 
of man 

Macta'tion, s. the act of killing for sacrifice 
Mac'ula, Macula'tion, s. a spot, a stain 
Mac'ulate, Mac'kle, <v. a. to stain, to spot 
Mad, a. disordered in the mind, fui-ious 
Mad, Mad'den, v. to make mad ; to enrage 
Mad'am, s. a term of address to a lady 
Mad'brained, a. hotheaded, wild, disordered 
Mad'cap, s. a wild, hot brained fellow 
Mad'der, ;. a plant much used in dyeing 
Made, part. pret. of to make 
Mad'efy, v. a. to moisten, to make wet 
Mad'house, s. a house for madmen 
Mad'ly, ad. foolishly, furiously, rashly 
Mad'mau, s. a man deprived of his senses 
Mad'ness, s. loss of understanding; fury, 

rage, distraction, wiidness 
Mad'rigal, s. a pastoral air or song 
Maere, a. famous, great, renowned 
Maf fle, v. n. to stammer, to stutter 
Magazi'ne, f. a store house for provisions, 

&c. ; a miscellaneous pamphlet 
Mag'got, s. a small grub ; awhim, caprice 
Mag'gotty, a. full of maggots ; capricious 
Ma'gi, s. eastern astrologers and priests 
Ma'gic, Magical, a. performed by magic 
Ma'gic, s. a dealing with spirits, &C 
Magi'cian, s. ohe skilled in, magic 

M A L 



Magisterial, a. lofty, arrogant, proud 
Magisterially, ad. arrogantly, proudly 
Ma'gistery, s. a fine chymical powder 
Magistracy, s. the office of a magistrate 
Magistrate, s. one vested with authority 
Magnal'ity, s. a great thing 
Magnanim'ity, s. greatness of mind 
Magaati'imous, a. great of mind, brave 
Magne'sia, s. a powder gently purgative 
Mag'net, s. a stone that attracts iron 
Magnet'ic, Magnet'ical, a. attractive 
Mag'netism, s. the power of attraction 
Magnif'ic, Magnif'ical, a. illustrious 
Magnificence, s. grandeur, splendour 
Magnificent, a. fine, splendid, pompous 
Magnif ico, s . a grandee of Venice 
Mag'nifier, s. a glass, that increases the bulk 

of any objedt ; an extoller 
Mag'nify, v. a. to make great, to extol 
Magnitude, s. greatness, comparative bulk 
Mag'pie, s. a bird ; a talkative person 
Mahog'any, s. a valuable brown wood 
Maid, s. a virgin ; a woman servant ; a fish 
Maid'en, s. a virgin ; an instrument with 

which criminals are beheaded in Scotland 
Maid'en, a. fresh, new, unpolluted 
Maid'enhead, s. virginity, newness 
Maid'hood, Maid'enhood, ;. virginity 
Maidma'rian, s. a kind of dance 
Majestic, Majes'tical, a. august, grand 
Ma'jesty, ;. dignity, grandeur, elevation 
Mail, s. armour, a postman's bag 
Maim, -j. a. to hurt, to wound, to cripple 
Maim, s. lameness, injury, defect 
Main, a. principal, chief ; forcible; gross 
Main, s. the gross, the whole ; the ocean 
Main'land, s. a continent 
Main'ly, ad. chiefly, powerfully 
Main'mast, s. the chief or middle mast 
Main'prize, s. a bail, pledge, or surety 
Main'sail, j. the sail of the mainmast 
Mainta'in, v. to defend, justify, support 
Maintainable, a. defensible, justifiable 
Maintenance, s. sustenance, defence 
Main'top, s. the top of the mainmast 
Main'yard, s. the yard of the mainmast 
Ma'jor, a. greater, senior, elder 
Ma'jor, s. an officer in the army ; in logic, 

the first proposition of a syllogism 
Majora'tion, s. enlargement, increase 
Major'ity, s. the greater number ; the office 

of a major -, full age ; end of minority 
Maize, s. a sort of Indian wheat 
Make, v. to create, force, gain, reach 
Make, j. form, structure, nature 
Ma'ker, /. the Creator ; he who makes 
Ma'kepeace, s. a peace-maker, reconciler 
Ma'king, s. the act of forming 
Mal'ady,.j. a distemper, a sickness 
Mal'apeit, a, saucy, impertinent, bold 

Malax'ate, v. a. to make soft, to moisten 
Male, s. the he of any species 
Maieadministra'tion, s. behavir.g ill in any 

public employ ; bad management 
Male'content, a. discontented. ..s. a rebel 
Maledic'ted, a. accursed or banned 
Maledic'tion, s. a curse, an execration 
J Malefaction, s. a crime, an offence 
Malefactor, s. an offender against law 
Malefic, a. mischievous, hurtful 
Maleprac'tice, ;. bad practice or conduct 
Malev'olence, u ill will, malignity, spite 
Malev'olent, a. illnatured, malignant 
Mal'ice, ;. badness of design, ill will 
Mali'cicus, a. full of malice, malignant 
Mali'ciously, ad. with intention of mischief 
Maliciousness, s. malice, intention of mis- 
chief to another 
Mali'gn, a. unfavourable, infectious, fatal 
Malig'nancy, Malig'nity, s. malevolence 
Malig'nant, a. malicious, mischievous 
Mafkin, s. a dirty wench ; a mop 
Mall, s. a public walk ; a beater or hammer 
Mall, v. a. to strike or beat with a mall 
Mal'lard, s. a wild drake 
Malleability, s. the quality of enduring the 
hammer, and spreading without breaking 
Mal'leable, a. capable of being spread by 

beating ; gold is eminently so 
Mal'leate, v. a. to beat with a hammer 
Mal'let, s. a wooden hammer 
Malm'sey, s. a sort of grape ; a kind of wine 
Malt, s. barley steeped in water, and dried 
Maltfloor, s. a floor for drying malt on 
Malt'house, s. a house for making malt in 
Maltre'at, v. a. to treat ill or amiss 
Malt'ster, /. one who deals in malt 
Malversation, s. misbehaviour in any office; 

mean artifices or shifts 
Mam, Mamma', s. a fond word for mother 
Mam 'met,/, a puppet ; artificial figure 
Mammil'lary, a. belonging to the paps 
Mam'moc, v. to tear or pull in pieces 
Mam'moc, ;. a shapeless piece 
Mam'mon, s. riches, wealth 
Man, s. human being; the male ; not a boy 
Man, v. a. to furnish with men, &c 
Man'acles, s. chains for the hands 
Man'age, Management, Man'agery, ;. con- 
duct, frugality ; government of a horse 
Man'ageable, a. governable, tractable 
Man'ager, s. a frugal person ; a conductor 
Mana'tion, s. the act of issuing item 
Manch'et, s. a small white loaf 
Man'cipate, v. a. to enslave, bind, tie 
Man'ciple, s. a purveyor, a steward 
Manda'mus, s. a writ in the king's bench 
Mandari'n, ;. a Chinese magistrate or noble 
Man'date, s. a command, a precept 
Mandatory, «. preceptive, diredory 


J 4 I 


Man'dible, s. the jaw...a. eatable 
Ma-.'dil, s. a Persian cap or turban 
Man'drake, s. a plant with singular roots 
Man'ducate, v. a. to chew, to eat 
Mane, s. the hair on the neck, of a horse 
Man'eater, s. one who eats human flesh 
Ma'nes, s. a ghost, shade, departed soul 
Man'ful, a. bold, stout, daring, valiant 
Man'fully, ad. boldly, stoutly, valiantly 
Mange, s. a filthy disease in cattle 
Man'ger, s. a long wooden trough for animals 

to eat out of 
Man'gle, v. a. to lacerate ; to cut or tear in 

pieces ; to smooth linen 
Mun'gler, s. a hacker, one that mangles 
Man'go, i. an Indian fruit and pickle 
Man'gy, a. infected with the mange 
Man'hood, s- courage, bravery, virility 
Ma'niac, a. affected with madness 
Man'ifest, a. plain, evident, clear 
Man'ifest, v. a. to shew plainly, Sec. 
Manifesta'tion, s. discovery, publication 
Manifestly, ad. plainly, evidently 
Manifes'to, s. a public protestation 
Man'ifold. a. many in number, divers 
Man'ikin, s. a little man 
Mani'lle, s. a ring or bracelet v a card 
Man'iple, s. a handful ; a band of soldiers 
Man'kind, s. the human race 
Man'like, Man'ly, a. firm, brave, stout 
Man'liness, s. bravery, stoutness, dignity 
Man'na, s. a physical drug, &c. 
Man'ner, s. form, habit, mien, kind 
Mau'nerly, a. civil, well behaved 
Man'ners, s. polite behaviour, morals 
Manceu'vre, s. skilful management 
Man'or, ;. a lord's jurisdiction 
Manse, s. a parsonage house 
Man'sion, s. a dwelling-house, an abode 
Man'slaughter, s. murder without malice 
Man'tel, s. raised work over a chimney 
Mantele't, s. a kind of short cloak ; in for- 
tification, a pent-house for shelter 
Man'tiger, s. a large monkey or baboon 
Man'tle, s. a cloak...T'. to ferment, to cover 
Mantol'ogy, ;. the gift of prophecy 
Man'tua, s. a woman's gown 
Man'tua-maker, s. one who makes gowns 
Man'ual, a. performed by the hand 
Man'ual, s. a small book of prayer, &c. 
Manu'bial, a. taken as spoils in war 
Manuduc'tion, s, a guidance by the hand 
Manufac'ture, s, any thing made by art 
Manufacture, v. a. to make by art 
Manufacturer, s. an artificer, a workman 
Manumis'sion, s. the act of freeing slaves 
Manumi't, v. a. to release from slavery 
Manu'rable, a. capable of cultivation 
Manu're, v. a. to enrich...*, soil for land 
Man'uscript, *. a written book, not printed 

Ma'ny, a. numerous, several 
Manycol'oured, a. having many colours 
Manyhead'ed, a. having many heads 
Manylan'guaged, a. having many languages 
Map, s. a delineation of countries, &c. 
Ma'ple, s. a tree 

Map'pery, s. the art of planning, &c. 
Mar, v. a. to injure, to spoil, damage 
Marana'tha, .<. a form of anathematizing 
Maras'mus, s. a consumption 
Marau'der, /. a plundering soldier 
Marauding, s. ranging in quest of plunder 
Marave'di, /. a small Spanish copper coin 
Mar'ble, s. a stone of a fine polish 
Mar'ble, a. made of or like marble 
Marblehearted, a. cruel, hard-hearted 
Mar'casite, s. a hard, bright fossil 
Marces'cent, a. growing withered 
Marces'cibie, a. liable to wither or fade 
March, s. the third month of the year ? a 

journey of soldiers ; a solemn procession 
March'es, s. the limits of a country 
Marchioness,*, the wife of a marquis 
March'pane, s. a kind of sweet bread 
Mar'cid, a. lean, withered, faded, rotten 
Mare, s. the female of a horse ; a kind of 

torpor or stagnation called the night-mare 
Ma'reschal, s. a commander of an army 
Mar'garite, s. a pearl j an herb 
Mar'gent, Mar'gin, s. an edge, a border 
Marginal, a. placed in the margin 
Mar'grave, s. a German title of sovereignty 
Margra'viate, s. the territory of a margrave 
Margravi'ne, s. the wife of a margrave 
Mar'igold, s. a yellow flower, a pot herb 
Mar'inate, v. a. to preserve fish in oil, &c. 
Mari'ne, a. belonging to the sea 
Mari'ne, s. a sea soldier ; sea affairs 
Mar'iner, s. a seaman, a sailor 
Mar'joram, /. a sweet smelling herb 
Mar'ish, a. moorish, fenny, boggy 
Mar'itai, a. pertaining to a husband 
Maritime, a. performed on the sea, relating 

to the sea, bordering on the sea 
Mark, s. a stamp, an impression, a proof; a 

silver coin worth 13s. 4d. 
Mark, v. to make a mark, to note 
Mar'ket, s. the place for and time of sale 
Marketable, a. fit for sale at market 
Marks'man, s. one who can hit a mark 
Marl, s. a sort of fat clay or manure 
Mar'line, s. hemp dipped in pitch 
Marl'pit, s. a pit out of which marl is dug 
Marl'y, a. abounding with marl 
Mar'malade, s. quinces boiled with sugar 
Marmo'iean, a. made cf marble 
Mar'moset, s. a small kind of monkey 
Marque, s. licence for reprisals 
Marque'e,*. an officer's field tent 
Mar'quis, s. a title next to a duke 



M A U 

Mar'quisate, s. dignity or power of a marquis 
Mar'riage, s. the act of uniting a man and 

woman together according to law 
Marriageable, a. of age to be married 
Mar'ried, part. a. joined in wedlock 
Mar'row, s. an oily substance in bones 
Mar'rowfat, s. a fine large species of pea 
Mar'rowless, a. void of marrow, dry 
Mar'ry, -v. to join in, or enter into marriage 
Marsh, Ma'rish, s. a bog, a fen, a swamp 
Mar'shal, s. the chief officer of arms 
Mar'shal, -o. a. to arrange, rank in order 
Mar'shalsea, s. a prison in Southwark 
Mar's halship, /. the office of a marshal 
Marshmal'low, s. the name of a plant 
Marshmar'igold, s. the name of a flower 
Marsh'y, a. boggy, wet, swampy, fenny 
Mart, s. a place of public sale ; a bargain 
Mar'ten, s. a large weazel, a swallow 
Mar'tial, a. warlike, valiant, brave 
Mar'tialist, s. a warrior, a fighter 
Mar'tingal, s. a leathern thong for a horse 
Mar'tinmas, s. the feast of St. Martin 
Mar'tinet, Mart'let, s. a kind of swallow 
Martyr, s. one who dies for the truth 
Mar'tyrdom, s. the death of a martyr 
Martyrol'ogy, s. a register of martyrs 
Mar'vel, s. a wonder ...v. n. to wonder at 
Mar'vellous, a. astonishing, strange 
Mar'vellously, ad. wonderfully, strangely 
Mas'culine, a. male, like a man, manly 
Mash, s. a mixture of water, bran, &c. for 
cattle; space between the threads of a net 
Mash, v. a. to break, bruise, or squeeze 
Mask, s. a disguise ; an entertainment 
Mask'er, s. one who revels in a mask 
Ma'son, s. one who works in stone 
Ma'sonry, s. the craft or work of a mason 
Masquera'de, s. an assembly of maskers 
Masquera'der, s. a person in a mask 
Mass, s. a lump ; Romish church service 
Mas'sacre, s. butchery, slaughter, murder 
Mas'sacre, v. a. to butcher indiscriminately 
Mas'siness, Mas'siveness, s. weight, bulk 
Mas'sive, Mas'sy, a. weighty, bulky 
Mast, s. the beam raised above the ship, to 
which the sail is fixed ; the fruit of beech 
and oak; two pounds and a half of amber 
Ma'ster, s. the chief of any place or thing ; 

one who teaches; a title in universities 
Ma'ster, v. a. to rule, to govern, to conquer 
Ma'sterless, a. having no master, unruly 
Ma'sterly, a. skilful, artful; imperious 
Ma'sterpiece, s. chief excellence ; a per- 
formance done with extraordinary skill 
Ma'stership, /. power, pre-eminence, skill 
Ma'sterstroke, s. a capital performance 
Ma'stery,/. dominion, superiority, skill 
Mastica'tion, s. the act of chewing 
Mas'ticatory, ;. a medicine to be chewed 

Mas'tich, s. a sweet scented gum ; cement 
Mas'tiff, s. a large, fierce species of dog 
Mast'less, <z. bearing no mast 
Mast'lin, Mes'lin, s. mixed corn 
Mat, s. a texture of rushes, sedge, or flags 
Mat'achin, s. an old kind of dance 
Matado're, /. a term at ombre or quadrille 
Match,/, a contest; an equal ; marriage ; b 

strip of wood tipped with brimstone 
Match, v. to be equal to ; suit ; marry ; tally 
Match'able, a. suitable, equal, correspondent 
Match'less, a. having no eq~ual 
Match'maker, s. one who makes matches 
Mate, s. a companion ; the second in subor- 
dination, as, the master's mate 
Mate'rial, a. important, essential ; corpo- 
real; consisting of matter, not spiritual 
Mate'rialist, j. one who denies the doctrine 

of spiritual substances 
Materiality, s. material existence, corporeity 
Materially , ad. in the state of matter ; essen- 
tially, importantly, momentously 
Mate'rials, s. what any thing is made of 
Mater'nal, a. motherly, fond, kind 
Mathemat'ic, Mathematical, a. considered 

according to the doctrine of mathematics 
Mathematically, ad. according to the laws or 

rules of the mathematics 
Mathematician, s. one skilled in, or a teacher 

of, the mathematics 
Mathematics, s. that science which teaches 
to number and measure whatever is capa- 
ble of it, comprised under lines, numbers, 
superficies, solids, &c. 
Mathe'sis, s. the doctrine of mathematics 
Mat 'in, a. used in the morning 
Mat'ins, s. morning worship 
Mat'rass, s. a chymical glass vessel 
Ma'trice, or Ma'trix, s. the womb ; a mould ; 
that which gives form to what is enclosed 
Mat'ricide, s. the murdering of a mother 
Matric'ulate, v. a. to admit to a membership 

of the universities of England 
Matricula'tion, s. the act of matriculating 
Matrimo'nial, a. pertaining to marriage 
Mat'rimony, s. marriage, wedlock 
Ma'tron, ;. a prudent, motherly woman 
Ma'tronly, a. elderly, ancient, motherly 
Matro'ss, s. a soldier in the artillery 
Mat'ter, ;. body or substance ; affair ; occa- 
sion ; subject ; purulent running 
Mat'toc. s. a pickaxe, a tool to grub weeds 
Mat'tress, s, a quilted bed to lie on 
Matura'tion, s. suppuration, ripening 
Matura tive, a. ripening, digesting 
Matu're, a. ripe, perfect, well disposed 
Matu'rely, ad. with counsel well digested 
Matu'rity, s. ripeness, completion 
Maud'lin, a. drunk, fuddled.../, a plant 
Mau'gre 3 ad. in spite of, notwithstanding- 

M E A 



Maul, v. a. to bruise or beat soundly, &c. 
Maul, s. a heavy wooden hammer 
Maund, s. a hamper with bandies 
Maund'er, v. n. to grumble, to murmur 
Maund'y-Thursday, s. Thursday before 
Good-Friday, when the king's almoner 
distributes benefactions to the poor 
Mausole'um , s. pompous funeral monument 
Maw, s. the stomach, the craw of birds 
Maw'kish, a. apt to cause a loathing, &c. 
Maw'met, /. a puppet, anciently an idol 
Mawm'ish, a. foolish, idle, nauseous 
Maw'worm, s. a worm in the stomach 
Max'illary, a. pertaining to the jaw bone 
Max'im, s. a general principle, an axiom 
May, s. the fifth month of the year 
May, v. aux. to be permitted, to have power 
May'flower, s. the name of a flower 
May'fly, s. an insect peculiar to May 
May'game, s. a sport, diversion, play 
May'ing, s. gathering May flowers 
Maylily, s. the lily of the valley 
May'or, /. chief magistrate of a corporation, 

in London and York, called Lord Mayor 
May'oralty, s. the office of a mayor 
May'oress, s. the wife of a mayor 
May'pole, s. a pole danced round in May 
May 'weed, s. a species of chamomile 
Maz'zard, s. a jaw, the jaw-bone 
Maze, s. confusion of thought ; a labyrinth 
Ma'zy, a. intricate, confused, perplexed 
Mea'cock, a. tame, timorous, cowardly 
Mead, s. a drink made of honey and water 
Mead, Mead'ow, s. pasture land 
Me'ager, a. lean, poor in flesh, hungry 
Mea'gerness, s. leanness, scantiness,bareness 
Meak, s. a hook with a long handle 
Meal, s. edible part of corn ; a repast 
Meal'iness, j. a mealy quality 
Meai'man, ;. one that deals in meal 
Meal'y, a. of the taste or softness of meal 
Mealymouth'ed, a. bashful of speech 
Mean, a. of low rank, base, contemptible 
Mean, s. medium, measure, revenue 
Mean, v. to intend, design, signify 
Mean'der, s. a serpentine winding, maze 
Mean'ing, s. a signification, intention 
Mean'ly, ad. without dignity, ungenerously 
Mean'ness, t. lowness of mind, sordidness 
Meant, part. pass, of to mean 
Mease, s. a measure of 5OO herrings 
Meas'led, Measly, a. spotted with measles 
Me'asles, s. a kind of fever, attended with 

inflammation, eruptions, &c. 
Mea'surable, a. that may be measured 
Mea'sure, v . a. to compute or allot quantity 
Mea'sure, s . that by which any thing is mea- 
sured j musical time ; metre ; proportion ; 
allotment, limit, boundary, degree 
Mea'sureless, a. immense, boundless 

Measurement, s. act of measuring 
Mea'surer, s. one that measures 
Mea'sures, /. ways, means, &c. 
Meat, s. flesh to be eaten ; food in general 
Meat'ed, a. fed, foddered 
Meat'offering, s. an offering to be eaten 
Mechan'ic, s. a manufacturer, artificer 
Mechan'ic, Mechan'ical, a. skilled in me- 
chanics ; servile ; of mean occupation 
Mechanician, s. one professing or studying 

the construction of machines 
Mechanics, s. the geometry of motion 
Mec'hanism, s. artificial construction 
Meco'nium, s. expressed juice of poppies 
Med'al, s. an ancient coin ; a piece stamped 

in honour of some victory, &c. 
Medal'lion, s. a large medal or coin 
Med'allist, s. one curious in medals 
Med'dle, v. to interpose, to have to do 
Med'dler, s. an officious busybody 
Me'diate, v. to interpose as an equal friend 

to both parties ; to be between two 
Mediation, s. an interposition, agency 
Media'tor, /. an intercessor, an adviser 
Media'torship, /. the office of a mediator 
Media'trix, s. a female mediator 
Medicable, a. that may be healed 
Med'ical, Medicinal, a. physical 
Med'ically, Medi'cinally, ad. physically 
Med'icament, s. any thing used in healing 
Med'icate, v. a. to tincture with medicines 
Med'icine, s. a remedy jn physic 
Medi'ety, s . a middle state ; half 
Me'din, s. a small coin ; a measure 
Medioc'rity, s . a middle state ; small degree 
Med'itate, v. to plan, scheme, contemplate 
Medita'tion, s. deep thought, contemplation. 
Me'ditative, a. given to meditation, serious 
Mediterranean, Mediterra'neous, a. encir- 
cled with land ; remote from the sea 
Mediterranean- Sea, s. so called from its sit- 
uation, having Europe on the north, Afri- 
ca on the south, and Asia on the east 
Me'dium, s. a mean or middle state 
Med'lar, s. the name of a tree and its fruit 
Med'ley, s. a mixture, mingled mass 
Medul'lar, a. pertaining to marrow 
Meed, s. a reward, a recompense, gift 
Meek, a. mild of temper, gentle, soft 
Meek'ness, s. gentleness, quietness, mildness 
Meer, s. a boundary, a lake 
Meet, v. to encounter, find, join...a. proper 
Meet'ing, s. an assembly ; a conventicle 
Meet'ly, ad. properly, fitly 
Meet'ness, s. fitness, propriety 
Me'grim, s. a painful disorder of the head 
Melancho'lic, Mel'ancholy, a. fanciful, 

gloomy, hypochondriacal, dismal 
Mel'ancholy, s. sadness, pensiveness 
Meliorate, v. a. to make better, to improve 

M E R 

M E T 

Meliora'tion, Melior'ity, s. improvement 
Melliferous, a. producing honey 
Mellifica'tion, /. the act of making honey 
Mellifluence, s. a flow of sweetness 
Mellifluent, Mellifluous, a. flowing with 

honey, sweet; eloquent 
Mel'low, a. soft in sound j full ripe j drunk 
Mel'lowness, s. lipeness, maturity 
Melo'dious, a. harmonious, full of melody 
Mel'ody, s. music, harmony of sound 
Mel'on, s. a plant and its fruit 
Melt, v. to make or become liquid, to dissolve 
Melt'er, s. one that melts metals 
Mem'ber, s. a limb, part, clause ; one 
Mem'brane, s. a web of many fibres 
Membra'neous, a. consisting of membranes 
Memen'to, s. a hint, notice, memorial 
Memo'ir, j. a history written by persons in- 
terested in, or eye witnesses to, the events 
Mem'orable, a. worthy of remembrance 
Memorandum, s. a note to help memory 
Memo'rial, s. a monument ; something to 
preserve memory ; a writing about public 
business by a public minister, &c. 
Memo'rialist, s. one who writes memorials 
Mem'ory, s. the power of retaining or recol- 
lecting things past ; that faculty by which 
we call to mind any past transaction 
Men, s. plural of Man 
Men'ace, v. a. to threaten...;, a threat 
Mena'ge, or Mena'gerie, s. a collection of 

Mend, v. a. to repair, correct, improve 
Menda'city, s. a falsehood 
Mend'er, s one who mends or improves 
Men'dicant, a. begging..^, a beggar 
Men'dicate, v. a. to beg, to ask alms 
Mendi'city, s. the life of a beggar 
Me'nial, s. a servant...**, domestic 
Menol'ogy, s. a register of months 
Men'strual, a. monthly, lasting a month 
Men'struum, s. any liquid used in infusions 
Men'surable, a. that may be measured 
Men'surate, v. a. to measure any thing 
Mensura'tion, s. the aTct of measuring 
Men'tal, a. intellectual ; in the mind 
Mention, s. oral recital of any thing 
Men'tion, v. a. to express in words, &c. 
Mephit'ical, a. ill savoured, stinking 
Mercantile, a. trading, commercial 
Mer'cat, ;. the time or place of trade 
Mer'cenary, s. a hireling...«. venal, selfish 
Mer'cer, s. one who sells silk, &c 
Mer'cery, ;. the trade of mercers 
Merchandise, s. trade, commerce, wares 
Merchant,,;, a dealer by wholesale 
Merchantman, s. a ship of trade 
Mer'ciful, a. compassionate, tender, kind 
Mer'cifully, ad. tenderly, with pity 
Mer'ciless, a. void of mercy, pitiless 

Mercu'rial, a. consisting of mercury 
Mer'cury, s. quicksilver ; sprightliness 
Mer'cy, /. clemency, pardon, mildness 
Mere, a. that or this only, nothing else 
Me'rely, ad. simply, only, in this manner 
Meretri'cious, a. whorish, lewd, gaudy 
Merid'ian, s. mid-day ; the line drawn from 
north to south, which the sun crosses at 
noon ; highest point of glory and power 
Merid'ional, a. southern, southerly 
Mer'it, s. desert, due, reward, claim, right 
Merito'rious, a. deserving of reward 
Mer'lin, s. a sort of hawk 
Mer'maid, s. a fabulous sea creature, with 
the upper parts described like those of a 
woman, and the lov/er like a fish 
Mer'rily, ad. with gaiety, cheerfully 
Mer'riment, s. cheerfulness, laughter, gaiety 
Mer'ry, a. cheerful, causing laughter 
Merry-an'drew, s. a buffoon, a jack-pudding 
Mer'rythought, s. a bone of a fowl 
Mer'sion, s. the a<5l of dipping or plunging 
Mesenteric, a. relating to the mesentery 
Me'sentery, s. that membranous part round 

which the guts are convolved 
Mesh, s. a space between the threads of a net 
Mess, s . a dish or portion of food 
Mess, v. n. to eat, to feed together 
Mes'sage, s. an errand, advice sent 
Mes'senger, s. one who carries a message 
Messi'ah, s. the Saviour of the world, Christ 
Messi'eurs, pi. of monsieur, gentlemen 
Mess'mate, s. one who eats with another 
Mes'suage, s. a dwelling house, &c. 
Met, pret. and part, of io meet 
Me'tage, s. the measuring of coals 
Met'al, s. metals are six in number, viz. gold, 
silver, copper, tin, iron, and lead ; courage 
Metalep'tic, a. atting transversely 
Metal'lic, a. pertaining to metal 
Metal'line, a. impregnated with metal 
Met'allist, s. a worker in metals 
Metallurgy, s. the act of working metals 
Metamor'phosis, s. a transformation 
Met'aphor, s. the application of a word to a 
use, to which, in its original import, it 
cannot be put, as, he bridles his anger j 
the golden harvestj &c 
Metaphor'ical, a. figurative, not literal 
Met'aphrase, s. a verbal translation 
Metaphysical, a. relating to metaphysics 
Metaphysics, s. the science which considers 
beings as' abstracted from all matter, par- 
ticularly beings purely spiritual, as God, 
angels, and the human soul 
Metastasis, s. a translation or removal 
Metath'esis, s. a transposition, change 
Mete, v. a. to measure, &c 
Metempsycho'sis, s. a transmigration of souls 
from one body to another at death 



M I L 

Me'teor, s. a body in the air or sky, of a lu- 
minous, transitory nature 
Meteorological, a. relating to meteors 
Meteorol'ogist, s. a man skilled in meteors 
Meteorol'ogy, s. the doctrine of meteors 
Me'ter, s. a measurer 
Me'tewand, Me'teyard, ;. a staff wherewith 

measures are taken 
Metheglin, s. a drink made of honey, spices, 

water, &c. boiled together 
Methi'nks , v. imp. I think, it seems to me 
Meth'od, s. convenient order, regularity 
Method'ical, a. ranged in due order, exact 
Methodically, ad. according to method 
Meth'odise, v. a. to bring into good order 
Meth'odism, s. a term of reproach attached 
to a system of religious opinions, the 
professors of which are divided into two 
classes ; the one subscribes to the doc- 
trines of Calvin, and the other embraces 
the tenets of Arminius 
Metho'ught, pret. of methinks, I thought 
Meton'omy, s. a figure in rhetoric, when one 

word is used for another 
Metopos'copy, s. the study of physiognomy 
Me'tre, s. verse, harmonic measure 
Met'rical, a. pertaining to metre 
Me'trice, s. a musical measure of syllables 
Metrop'olis, s. the chief city of a country 
Metropolitan, s. an archbishop 
Met'tle, s. fire, briskness, spirit, courage 
Met'tled, a. sprightly, courageous 
Met'tlesome, a. lively, brisk, courageous 
Mew, s. a cage, enclosure ; a sea fowl 
Mew, v. a. to cry as a cat ; moult ; shut up 
Mewl, v. n. to squall as a young child 
Mezzotin'to, s. a kind of engraving on copper 
Mi'asm, /. such particles or atoms as are 
supposed to arise from distempered, pu- 
trefying or poisonous bodies 
Mice, s. plural of mouse 
Mich'aelmas, s. the feast of St. Michael 
Miche, v. n. to skulk, absent one's self 
Mich'er, s. a lazy loiterer, a skulker 
Mich'ing. part, lying hid, loitering 
Mi'crocosm, s. the little world ; the body of 

man is so called 
Microm'eter, s. an astronomical instrument 

to measure small spaces 
Mi'croscope, s. an optical instrument, by 

which the smallest objects are described 
Mid, Midst, a. between two ; equally distant 
Mid'-day, s. noon, meridian 
Mid'die, a. equally distant from the two ex- 
tremes ; intermediate 
Mid'dle-aged, a. about the middle of life 
Mid'dlemost, Mid'most, a. in the midst 
Mid'dling, a. of middle rank ; moderate 
Midge, s. a gnat, an insect 
Midvheav'enj s, the middle of the sky 

] Midland, a. surrounded by land 
Midleg, s. the middle of the leg 
I Mid'night, s. twelve o'clock at night 
\ Mid'rifF, s. the diaphragm ; a skin separating 

the heart, &c. from the lower belly 
\ Mid'shipman, s. a naval officer next in rank 

to a lieutenant 
Mid'stream, s. the middle of the stream 
Mid'summer, s. the summer solstice 
Mid'way, ad. in the middle of a passage 
Mid'wife, s. a woman who assists women ia 

Mid'wifery, s. the aft of delivering women 
Mid'winter, s. the winter solstice 
Mien, s. air, look, manner, appearance 
Might, preK of may..j. power, force 
Mightily, ad. powerfully, efficaciously 
Mightiness, r. power, height of dignity 
Might'y, a. powerful. .uxd. in a great degree 
Mi'grate, v. n. to remove, to change place 
Migra'tion, s. the act of removing 
Milch, a. giving or yielding milk 
Mild, a. kind, gentle, soft, easy, tender 
Mil'dew, s. a disease in plants, Sec. ; certain 

spots on cloth, paper, &c. 
MiYdewed, pa7t. a. damaged with mildew 
Mildly, ad. tenderly, not severely 
Mild'ness, s. gentleness, clemency 
Mile, s. a land measure of 1 76O yards 
Milestone, u a stone set to mark the miles 
Mil'foil, s. an herb with many leaves 
Miliary, a. small, like millet seeds 
Militant, a. fighting ; engaged in warfare 
Military, a. warlike, suiting a soldier 
Militate, v. n. to differ from, to oppose 
Mili'tia, s. a national force ; trainbands 
Milk, s. the liquor %vith which females feed 

their young from the breast or teats 
Milk, v. a. to draw milk from a cow, &c 
Milk'en, a. consisting of milk 
Milk'er, /. one that milks animals 
Milklness, s. softness like that of milk 
Milk'maid, /. a woman employed in the dairy 
Milk'sop, j. a soft feeble-minded man 
Milk'white, a. white as milk 
Milk'y, a. yielding milk ; soft, gentle 
Milky-wa'y, s. a broad white track in the 

heavens, caused by the light of an infinity 

of fixed stars ; the galaxy 
Mill, s. an engine to grind corn, &c. 
Mill, v. a. to grind, comminute ; stamp 
Mill'cog, s. a tooth of a wheel 
Millena'rian, s. one who holds the doctrine 

of, or expects the millennium 
Millenary, c. consisting of a thousand 
Millennium, /. the space of 1COO yeirs, 

during which some imagine Christ wi'.l 

reign on earth after the resurrection 
Millepedes, s, woodiice ; insects 
Miller, ;, one who attetufs mills ; a fly 

M I N 



Millesimal, a. a thousandth 
Mil'let, s. the name of a fish and a plant 
Mill'horse, s. a horse that turns a mill 
Milliner, s. one who sells ribbands, bonnets, 

caps, &c. for women 
Millinery, /. goods sold by a milliner 
Million, s. ten hundred thousand 
Mill'pond, s. a bed of water near a mill 
Mill'stone, j. a stone for grinding corn 
Mill^teeth, s. large teeth ; the grinders 
Milrea', or Milree', s. a measure containing 

about 17 gallons ; IOOO Portugal rees 
Milt, .'. the soft roe of fishes ; the spleen 
Mil'ter, s. the male of fishes 
Mim'ic, s. a ludicrous imitator of the ges- 
tures or voice of others, a buffoon 
Mim'ic, Mimical, a. apish, imitative 
Mimicry, s. a burlesque copying 
Mimog'raplier, s. a writer of farces 
"Mi'natory,j a. threatening, denouncing 
Mince, v. a. to cut very small ; to palliate 
Miu'cingly, a. in small parts, not fully 
Mind, s. intelligent faculty, opinion 
Mind, v. a. to mark, to attend, to remind 
"Mind'ed, a. inclined, affected, disposed 
Mind'ful, a. regardful, attentive 
Mindfulness, s . attention, watchfulness 
Mindless, a. regardless, inattentive 
Mine,£?-orc . possess, belonging to me 
Mine, s. a place where minerals are dug ; a 
cavern under a fortification filled with 
gunpowder...^, to sap or ruin by mines 
Min'eral, s. matter dug out of mines 
Min'eral, a. consisting of fossil bodies 
Min'eraiist, s . one skilled in minerals 
Mineral'ogist, s. a discourser on minerals 
Mineral'ogy, s. the doctrine of minerals 
Min'gle, v. a. to mix, to compound, to unite 
Min'gle, s. mixture, confused mass 
1 Miniature, s. a painting in water-colours, 
7 very small and delicate 
J Minikin, a. small...;, a small pin 
Minim, s. a dwarf ; a note in music 
Minimus, s. a being of the least size 
Minion, s. a favourite ; a low unprincipled 

dependant ; a darling 
Minlsh, v. a. to lessen, lop, impair 
Minister, s. an officer of the state, or the 

church ; an agent ; a delegate 
Minister, v. to give, to supply, to attend on 
Ministerial, a. pertaining to a minister of 

the church or state ; attendant 
Minlstery, s. office, service, administration 
Ministra'tion, s. agency, service, office 
Ministry, s. office ; agency of the state 
Min'now, s. a very small fish, a pink 
Mi'nor,«. less, smaller, inconsiderable 
Mi'nor, s. one not of age ; in logic, the se- 
cond proposition in the syllogism 
Mi'rjcrate, v, a. to diminish, to lessen 

Minora'tion, s. the aft of lessening 
Minority, /. nonage ; state of being under 

age ; the smaller number 
Min'otaur, s. a monster, invented by the 

poets, half a man, and half a bull 
Min'strel, s. a cathedral church, a monastery 
Min'strelsy, s. music ; a band of musicians 
Mint, s. a plant ; a place for coining 
Min'uet, s. a stately, regular dance 
Min'um, s. a note of slow lime 
Minu'te, a. small, little, tender, trifling 
Min'ute, s. the 60th part of an hour 
Miu'ute, v. a. to set down in short hints 
Min'ute-book, s. a book of short hints 
Min'ute-gun, s. a gun fired every minute 
Minu'tely, ad. exadtly, to a small point 
Minx, s. a young, pert, wanton girl 
Mir'acle, s. something above human power 
Mirac'ulous, a. done by miracle 
Mirac'ulously, ad. by miracle ; wonderfully 
Mirado'r, s. a balcony, a gallery 
Mire, s. mud, dirt, filth ; an ant, a pismire 
Mire, v. a. to whelm in the mud 
Mir'ror, s. a looking glass ; a pattern 
Mir'rorstone, s. a clear transparent stone 
Mirth, s. jollity, merriment, laughter 
Mirth'ful, a. gay, cheerful, merry 
Mi'ry, a. deep in mud, muddy, filthy 
Misadven'ture, s. mischance, bad fortune 
Misadvi'se, v. a. to give bad counsel 
Misadvi'sed, a. ill-counselled, ill-diretted 
Misaim'ed, a. not aimed rightly 
Mis'anthrope, s. a hater of mankind 
Misan'thropy, s. the hatred of mankind 
Misapply', v. a, to apply to wrong purposes 
Misapprehe'nd, v. a. not to understand right- 
ly, to misunderstand, to mistake 
Misapprehension, s. not right apprehension 
Misassi'gn, v. a. to assign erroneously 
Misbeco'me, v. a. not to become, not to suit 
Misbecoming, part. a. indecent, unseemly 
Misbegot'ten, part. a. unlawfully begotten 
Misbeha've, v. n. to att improperly or ill 
Misheha'viour, s. ill conduct, bad practice 
Misbelie'f, s. a wrong faith or belief 
Misbelie'ver, s. one that holds a false religion 
Misca'l, v. a. to name improperly 
Miscalculate, v. a. to reckon wrong 
Miscar'riage, s. abortion ; ill success 
Miscar'ry, v. n. to have an abortion ; to fail 
Miscellaneous, a. composed of various 

kinds, mixed, without order 
Mis'cellany, /. a mass or mixture formed of 

various kinds 
Mischa'nce, /. ill luck, ill fortune 
Mis'chief, s. harm, hurt, injury 
Mis'chiefmaker, s. one who causes mischief 
Mis'chievous, a. hurtful, malicious 
Mis'cible, a. possible to be mingled 
Miscita'tion, s. a false or unfair quotation 




Miscla'im, s. an improper or mistaken claim 
Misconception, s. a false opinion 
Miscon'duft, s. ill management, ill behaviour 
Misconstruction, s. a wrong interpretation 
Miscon'strue, v. a. to interpret wrong 
Misco'unt, v. a. to reckon wrong 
Mis'creance, s. unbelief, suspicion,false faith 
Mis'creant, s. an infidel, a vile wretch 
Miscrea'te,Miscrea'ted,tf. formed unnatural- 
ly, or illegitimately, ill shapen 
Misde'ed, s. an evil action, crime 
Misde'em, v. a. to judge ill of ; to mistake 
Misdeme'an, v. a. to behave ill 
Misdemean'or, s. an offence, ill behaviour 
Misdevo'tion, s. mistaken piety 
Misdo', v. to do wrong, to commit crimes 
Misdo'ubt, v. a. to suspect.../, suspicion 
Misemplo'y, v. a. to use to wrong purposes 
Misemploy'ment, s. improper application 
Mi'ser, s. a wretch, one covetous to excess 
Mis'erable, a. unhappy, wretched ; stingy 
Mis'erably, ad. unhappily 5 meanly 
Mis'ery, s. wretchedness, calamity, avarice 
Misfash'ion, v. a. to form wrong 
Misfo'rm, v. a. to form badly 
Misfor'tune, s. calamity, evil fortune 
Misgi've, v. a. to fill with doubt 
Misgov'ern, v. a. to rule amiss 
Misgui'de, v. a. to direct ill, to lead wrong 
Misguid'ance, s . false direction 
Mishap', s. a mischance, ill luck 
Misinfe'r, v. a. to infer wrong, to mistake 
Misiufo'rm, v. a. to give a false account 
Misinterpret, v. a. to interpret wrong 
Mi?jo'in, v. a. to join unfitly or improperly 
Misju'dge, t>. a. to judge wrong 
Misla'y, v. a. to lay in a wrong place 
Mis'le, v. n. to rain in small drops 
Misle'ad, v. a. to guide in a wrong way 
Mis'letoe, s. the name of a plant 
Misli'ke, v. a. to disapprove, not to like 
Mis'ly, a. raining in very small drops 
Mismanage, v. a. to manage ill, to misapply 
Mismanagement, s. ill conduct 
Misma'tch, v. a. to match unsuitably 
Misname, v. a. to call by a wrong name 
Misno'mer, s. in law, an indictment vacated 

by a wrong name ; a miscalling 
MisobseVve, v. a. not to observe accurately 
Miso'gyny, s. hatred of women 
Mispe'1,1). a. to spell wrong 
Mispe'nd, v. a. to spend ill, waste, lavish 
Mispersua sion, s. a false opinion 
Mispla'ce, v. a. to put in a wrong place 
Mispo'int, v. a. to point or divide wrong 
Mispri'ze, v. a. to mistake, slight, scorn 
Misprision, i. contempt, negligence, scorn ; 
misprision of treason is the concealment 
of known treason 
Mispropor'tion, v. to join without symmetry 

Mispro'ud, a. viciously proud 
Misquote, v. a. to quote falsely 
Misreci'te, v. a. to recite or repeat wrong 
Misreck'on, v. a. to compute wrong 
Misrela'te, v. a. to relate falsely 
Misrepo'rt, v. a. to give a false account 
Misrepresent, v. a. to represent not as it is, 

to falsify to disadvantage 
Misru'le, s. tumult, disorder, revel 
Miss, s. a young, unmarried woman 
Miss, -v. not to hit, mistake, fail, omit- 
Mis'sal, s. the Romish mass book 
Mis'sen-gross, s. a small Saxon coin 
Missha'pe, v. a. to shape ill, to deform 
Mis'sile, a. thrown by the hand 
Mis'sion, s. a commission, legation 
Missionary, ;. one sent to preach the gospel, 

and propagate religion 
Mis'sive, a. such as may be sent or flung 
Mis'sive, s. a letter sent ; a messenger 
Misspe'ak, v. a. to speak wrong 
Missta'te, v. a. to s'tate wrong or falsely 
Mist, s, a low thin cloud ; a fog ; dimness- 
Mista'kej-y. to conceive wrong, to err 
Miste'ach, v- a. to teach wrong 
Miste'rm, v. a. to term erroneously. 
Misti'me, v. a. not to time right 
Mist'iness, s. cloudiness, being overcast 
Mis'tion, s. the state of being mingled 
Mis'tress, s. a woman teacher ; a concubine 
Mistru'st, s. diffidence, suspicion 
Mistrust'ful, a. suspicious, doubting 
Mistrust'less, a. confident, not suspecting 
Mist'y, a. cloudy, obscme, not plain 
Misundersta'nd, v. a. to misconceive, to err 
Misunderstanding, s. a misconception, error 
Misu'sage, Misu'se, s. bad treatment, abuse 
Mite, s. a small insect ; any small tiling 
Mith'ridate, s. a medicine against poison/ 
Mit'igate, v. a. to alleviate, to assuage 
Mitigation, s. the act of assuaging ; abate- 
ment of any thing harsh or painful 
Mi'tre, s. a kind of episcopal crown 
Mi'tred, a. adorned with a mitre 
Mit'tens, s. gloves without fingers 
Mit'tent, a. sending forth, emitting 
Mk'timus, s. a warrant by which a justice of 

peace sends an offender to prison 
Mix, v. a. to unite, join, mingle 
Mix'ture, t, aft of mixing* things mixed 
Miz'maze, ;. a labyrinth, a maze 
Miz'zen, s. the mast in the stern of a ship 
Mnemonics, s. the art or act of memory 
Moan, v. to grieve, deplore...*, lamentation 
Moat, s. a canal round a castle, &c. 
Mobj s. a woman's cap ; a crowd, rabble 
Mob, v. a. to scold vulgaily, to riot 
Mob'ble, v. a. to dress inelegantly 
Mob'by, s. a drink made of potatoes 
Mobii'ityv. the populace j activity ; fickleness 

M O L 


M O N 

Mo'cho-stone, s. a stone nearly related to 
the agate kind, of a clear horny grey,with 
delineations representing mosses, &c. 
Mock, v. a. to mimic, ridicule, tantalize 
Mock, a. false, counterfeit, not real 
Mock'able, a. exposed to mockery 
Mocka'does, s. a kind of woollen stuff 
Mock'ery, s. ridicule, scorn, vain show 
Mo'dal, a. relating to the form or mode 
Modal'ity, s. accidental difference 
Mode, s. form, state, method, fashion 
Mod'el, s. a representation, copy, standard 
Mod'el, v. a. to mould, shape, delineate 
Mod'erate, a. temperate, mild, sober 
Mod'erate, v. a. to regulate, to restrain 
Mod'erately, ad. temperately, mildly 
Moderation, s. calmness of mind, equanim- 
ity ; keeping the passions, &c. within 
due bounds ; frugality in expense 
Modera'tor, s. one who rules or restrains 
Mod'ern, a. late, recent, not ancient, mean 
Mod'erns, ;. persons of late times 
Mod'ernise, v. a. to adapt ancient composi- 
tions to modern persons or things 
Mod'est, a. diffident, chaste, discreet 
Mod'estly,firf. not arrogantly, chastely 
Mod'esty, s- chastity, decency, humility 
Mod'icum, .'. a small portion, a pittance 
Mcd'ifiable, a. that may be diversified 
Modification, s. the act of modifying 
Modify, v. a. to qualify, soften, shape 
Modii'lion, *, a sort of bracket 
Mu'dish- a. fashionable, tasty, gay 
Mod'ulate, -v. a. to form sounds to a certain 

key, or to-certain notes 
Modulation, s. an agreeable harmony 
Moduia'tor, ;. one who forms sounds to a cer- 
tain key ; a tuner of instruments 
Mo'dule, s. an empty representation 
Mo'dus, s. a compensation in lieu of tithes 
Mcgu'l, s. an emperor of India 
Mo'hair, ;. a thread or stuff made of hair 
Mo'hoc, s, a barbarous Indian, a ruffian 
Moid'ered, a. cra2^, bewildered 
Moido're, s. a Portugal coin, value 11. js. 
Moi'ety, s. half, one of two equal parts 
1 Irli, v. to daub, to toil, drudge, weary- 
Moist, a. wet, not dry, damp, juicy 
Moist 'en, v. a. to make damp, to wet 
fvloist'ness, s. dampness, wettishness 
Moist'ure, s. a small quantity of water, &c. 
Mole, s. a natural spot ; an animal 
Mo'lecatcher, s. one who catches moles 
Molehill, s. a hillock made by a mole 
Mole'st, v. a. to disturb, vex, disquiet 
Molesta'tion, s. disturbance, vexation 
Mo'lewarp, Mould'warp, s. a mole 
Mol'Hent, a. softening, assuaging 
M .rlifuib'e, a. that may be softened 
Mollifica'tionj u the aft of mollifying 

Mol'lify, v. a. to soften, assuage, pacify 
Molos'ses, or Molas'ses, s. treacle ; the spume 

or scum of the juice of the sugar-cane 
Molt'en, part. pass, from to melt 
Molt'ing, or Moult'ing, part. a. the falling 

off, or change of feathers, horns, &c« 
Mo'ly, s> a kind of wild garlic 
Mome, s. a dull blockish person ; a post 
Mo'ment, s. an indivisible part of time ; d>fl* 

sequence, importance, value 
Mo'mentary, a. lasting for a moment 
Moment'ous, a. important, weighty 
Mom'mery, s. a farcical enter tainmeflt 
Mon'achal, a. monastic, monkish 
Mon'achism, s. a monastic life 
Mon'ad, Mon'ade, s. an indivisible thing 
Mon'arch, s. a sovereign, a king 
Monar'chial, a. suiting a monarch, regal 
Monarchical, a. vested in a single ruler 
Mon'archy, s. a kingly government ; empire 
Monastery, s. a convent, a cloister 
Monas'tic, a. pertaining to a convent 
Monas'tically, ad. reclusely 
Mon'day, s. the second day of the week 
Mon'ey, s. any metal coined for traffic 
Mon'eyed, a. rich in money, wealthy 
Mon'eyless, a. wanting money, poor 
Mon'eyscrivener, s. one who raises money 

for others 
Mon'ger, /. a trader, dealer, seller 
Mon'grel, s. an animal of a mixed breed 
Mon'ish, -v. a. to admonish, counsel 
Mon'isher, s. an admonisher, a monitor 
Moni'tion, s. information, document 
Mon'itor, r. one who warns of faults, or 

gives necessary hints 
Mon'itory, a. admonishing...*, a warning 
Monk, /. one who lives in a monastery 
Monk'ey, *. an ape, a baboon ; silly fellow 
| Monkish, a. monastic ; pertaining to monks 
I Mon'ochord, s. an instrument of one string 
1 Monoc'ular, Monoc'ulous, a. one-eyed 
j Mon'ody, s. a poem sung by one person 
Monog'amy, s. a marriage of one wife only 
Mon'ogram, s. a cipher, or character, com- 
posed of many letters interwoven 
Mon'ologue, s. a soliloquy 
Monoma'chy, s. a single combat, a duel 
Monopet'alous, a. having but one leaf 
Monop'olist, s. one who engrosses a trade or 

business entirely to himself 
Moaop'olize, v. a. toengross all of a comma, 

dity into a person's own hands 
Monop'oly, s. the sole privilege of selling- 
Monop'tote, s. a noun of but one case 
Monosyl'lahle, s. a word of one syllable 
Monot'ony, s. want of variety in cadence 
Monsoo'n, s. a periodical trade wind ' 
Mon'ster, .?. a thing unnatural or horrible 
Mon'strousj a, unnatural, shocking 

M O R 


M O U 

Monte'ro, ;, a horseman's cap 
Monte'th, s. a vessel to wash glasses in 
Month, s. a space of time, four weeks 
Month'ly, a. happening every month 
Mon'ument, s. any thing to perpetuate me- 

mory, as a tomb, pillar, statue, &c. 
Monument'al, a. preserving memory 
Mood, s. a term in grammar ; disposition 
Mood'y, a. angry, out of humour ; mental 
Moon, s. the great luminary of the night 
Moon'beam, s. a ray cf lunar light 
Moon'caif, s. a monster ; a stupid fellow 
Moon'eyed, a. dim eyed, purblind 
Moonless, a. not illuminated by the moon 
Moon'light, s. light afforded by the moon 
Moon'shine, s. the lustre of the moon 
Moon'shiny, a. enlightened by the moon 
Moon'y, a. like the moon, lunated 
Moor, s. a negro ; a marsh, fen, bog 
Moor, v. to fasten by anchors, to be fixed 
Moor'hen, s. name of a water fowl 
Moor'ing, s. place where a ship anchors 
Moor'ish, Moor'y, a. marshy, fenny 
Moor'land, s. a marsh, watery ground 
Moose, s. a large American deer 
Moot, -y. a. to exercise in law pleadings 
Moot-case, or point t s. a disputable point 
Moot'ed, a. plucked up by the roots 
Mop, s. an utensil to clean floors, &c. 
Mope, v. n. to be spiritless or drowsy 
Mope, Mo'pus, s. a drone, a dreamer 
Mcp'pet, Mop'sey, s. a puppet, a doll 
Mor'al, a. relating to human life, as it is 

virtuous or criminal, good or bad 
Mor'al, /. the instruction of a fable, &c. 
Mor'alist, s. one who practises morality 
Moral'ity, s. doctrine of the duties of life 
Mor'alize, v. to write, &c. on moral subjects 
Mor'alizer, s. he who moralizes 
Mor'ally, ad. honestly, justly ; probably 
Mor'ais, s. the practice of moral duties 
Mora'ss, s. a fen, a bog, a moor, a swamp 
Mor'bid, a. diseased, corrupted 
Mor'bidness, s. the state of being diseased 
Morbific, a. Causing diseases 
Morbo'se, a. proceeding from disease 
Morda'cious, a. biting, apt to bite 
More, a. in greater number or degree 
More'l, s. a kind of cherry ; a plant 
Moreo'ver, ad. more than yet mentioned 
Mori'gerous, a. obedient, obsequious 
Mor'ion, s. armour for the head, a casque 
Moris'co, s. a dancer of the raorris-dance 
Morn, Morn'ing, s. first part of the day 
Moro'se, a. cross, peevish, surly, sour 
Moro'seness, s. peevishness, sourness 
Mor'phew, s. a scurf on the face 
Mor'ris-dance, s. an antic dance performed 

by men with bells on their legs, which 

was learned from the Moors, 


Mor'row, s. the day following the present 
Morse, s. an animal called the sea-horse 
Mor'sel, j. a small piece, a mouthful 
Mort, s. a tune at the death of game 
Mor'tal, a. deadly, destructive, violent 
Mor'tal, s. a human being, man 
Mortality, s. frequency of death, power cf 

destruction ; human nature 
Mor'tally, ad. irrecoverably ; deadly 
Mor'tar, s. a cement for building j a vessel 

to pound in ; a bomb cannon 
Mort'gage, v. a. to pledge lands, &c. 
Mortgage'e, s. one who takes a mortgage 
Mortgager, s. one who gives a mortgage 
Mortif'erous, a. fatal, deadly, destructive 
Mortification, s. a gangrene ; humiliation 
Mor'tify, v. to gangrene ; humble, vex 
Mor'tise, s. a hole cut in one piece of wood 

to admit the tenon of another 
Mort'main, /. an unalienable estate 
Mort'ress, s. a dish of various meats 
Mort'uary, s. a gift left to the church 
Mosa'ic, a. a kind of painting in pebbles., 

cockles, and other shells 
j Mosche'to, s. a West-Indian stinging gn£t 
Mosque, s. a Mahometan temple 
Moss, s. a substance growing on trees, &c. 
Moss'y, a. overgrown with moss 
Most, a. greatest in number or quantity 
Most, s. the greatest number or value 
Mos'tic, j. a painter's staff 
Most'ly, ad. for the most part 
Mota'tion, s. the act of moving 
Mote, j-. a very small particle of matter 5- a 

court of judicature 
Motet'to, s. a sort of church music 
Moth, s. a small insect that eats cloth 
Moth'eaten, part, eaten by moths 
Mo'ther, s. a woman that has borne a child 1 

a sort of mouldiness on liquors 
Mo'ther, a. native, had at the birth 
Mo'therless, a. having lost a mother 
Mo'therly, a. suiting a mother, fond 
Mo'thery, a. dreggy, concreted, mouldy 
Moth'y, a. full of- moths 
Mo'tion, s. the act of moving ; a proposal- 
Mo'tionless, a. being without motion 
Mo'tive, s. the reason of an action 
Mot'ley, a. mingled of various colours 
Mot'to, s. the sentence added to a device 
Move, v. to change place, stir, persuade 
Mo'veable, a. that may be moved 
Mo'veables, s. personal goods, furniture 
Mo'veless, a. fixed, unmoved 
Mo'vement, /. motion, manner of moving 
Mo'ving, part. a. affecting, pathetic 
Mould, s. mouldiness, earth, cast, form 
Mould, v. a. to knead, to model, to shape 
Mould'er, v. to turn to dust ; to perish 
Mouid'eringj part, a, crumbling into dust 

M U F 


M U N 

Mould'iness, s. the state cf being mouldy 
Mould'ing, s. ornaments of wood, stone, &c. 
projeclures beyond the nakedness of a 
wall, column, &c. 
Mould'y, a. overgrown with concretions 
Moult, -v. n. to shed or change feathers 
Mound, s. a rampart, a fence 
Mount, s. an artificial hill, a mountain 
Mount, v. to get on horseback, ascend 
Jvlount'ain, s. a vast bulk of earth 
Mountaineer, j. a rustic, a highlander 
Mount'ainous, a. full of mountains, hilly 
Mount'ebank, s. a quack, a stage doctor 
Mount'er, s. one that mounts 
Mount'y, s. the rise of a hawk 
Mourn, v. to grieve, lament, bewail 
Moum'er, j. one that mourns 
Mout n'ful, a. causing sorrow, sorrowful 
Mourn'fulness, s. sorrow, grief 
Mourn'ing, s. the dress of sorrow, grief 
Mouse,/, a small quadruped 
Mous'er, s. one that catches mice 
Mouse'trap, s. a trap to catch mice with 
Mouth, i, the aperture in the head, at which 

food is received ; an entrance, &c. 
Mouth, v. to vociferate, to grumble 
Mouth'ful, s. what the mouth can hold 
Mouth'less, a. being without a mouth 
Mow, s. a heap of hay or corn 
Mow, v. to cut with a scythe ; make mows 
Mox'a, or Mox'o, s. an Indian moss 
Moyie, /. a mule ; a graft or cion 
Much, ad. nearly ; often ; in a great degree 
Much,;, a great deal j something strange 
Mu'cid, a. hoary, musty, mouldy, slimy 
Mu'cidness, s. sliminess, mustiness 
Mu'cilage, s. a slimy or viscous body 
Mucila'ginous, #. slimy, viscous, ropy 
Muck, s. dung ; any thing filthy 
Muck, v. a. to manure with dung 
Muck'ender, s. a handkerchief 
Muck'hill, ;. a dunghill, a heap of dirt 
Muck'iness, s. nastiness, filth, dirtiness ' 
Ivluck'worm, s. a worm bred in dung ; a cur- 
mudgeon ; a miser 
Muck'y, a. nasty, filthy, dirty 
Mu'cous, Mu'culent, a. slimy, viscous 
Mu'cronated, a. narrowed to a point 
Mu'cus, s. any slimy liquor or moisture 
Mud, ;. filth or mire ; wet dirt 
Mud'diiy, ad. with foul mixture, dirtily 
Mud'diness, s. state of being muddy 
Mud'dle, v. a. to make tipsy ; to foul 
Mu-i'dled, part. a. half drunk, tipsy 
Mud'dy, a. turbid, dark, cloudy 
Mud'dy, v. a. to make muddy 
Mud'sucker, s. a sea-fowl 
Mud'wall, s. a wall built with mud 
Mutfj s. a cover of fur for the hands 
Muffin, s, a kind of light spungy cafce 

Muffle, v. to wrap up, to blindfold, to hide 

Muffler, s. a cover for the face 

Mufti, s. the Mahometan high priest 

Mug, s . a cup to drink out of 

Mug'gish, Mug'gy, a. moist, damp, close 

Mug'house, s. an ale-house 

Mu'gient, a. lowing or bellowing 

Mulat'to, s. one born of parents of whom the 

one is black, and the other white 
Mul'berry, s- a tree and its fruit 
Muldr, v. a. to punish by fine or forfeiture... 

s. a penalty, a pecuniary fine 
Mule, s. an animal generated between a 

horse and an ass, or an ass and a mare 
Mulieb'rity, s. womanhood, tenderness 
Mull, v. a. to heat and sweeten wine, &c. 
Mul'lar, s. a grinding stone for colours 
Mui'let, s. a sea-fish 
Mul'ligrubs, s. twisting of the gut* 
Mul'lock, s. dirt or rubbish 
Multan'gular, a. having many corners 
Multifa'riouSjfl. having great multiplicity 5 &C. 
MultiP idous, a. divided into many parts 
Mul'tiform, a. having various shapes 
Multip'arous, a. having many at a birth 
Mul'tipede, s. an insect with many feet 
Mul'tiple, s. what contains another several 

Multiplicand , s. number to be multiplied 
Multiplication, s. the aft of multiplying 
Multiplica'tcjr, s. that which multiplies 
Multipli'cious, a. manifold 
Multiplicity, s. a great variety 
Multiplier, s. the multiplicator 
Mul'tiply, v. a. to increase in number 
Multitude, s. many ; a crowd or throng 
Multitu'dinous, a. manifold 
Mul'ture, s. a toll for grinding corn 
Mum, inter, hush...;, a kind of ale 
Mum'ble, v. to mutter, to chew 
Mum'bier, ;. a mutterer, a slow speaker 
Mum'mer, ;. a masker, a player 
Mum'niery, ;. masking, buffoonery 
Mum'rny, ;. a dead body preserved by the 

Egyptian art of embalming ; a kind of wax 
Mump, v. a. to nibble, to bite quick ; to beg 
Mump'er, s. a beggar 
Mump'ish, a. sullen, obstinate 
Mumps, f. suilenness, silent anger, squinancy 
Munch, Mounch, v. n. to chew eagerly 
Mund, s. peace, quiet 
Mun'dane, a. belonging to the world 
Munda'tion, s. the acl of cleansing 
Mun'datory, a. of power to cleanse 
Mun'dic, ;. a kind of marcasite 
Mun'dify, v. a. to cleanse or make clean 
Mundun'gus, ;. stinking tobacco 
Mu'nerary, a. belonging to a gift 
Mun'grel, a. of a mixed breed, base-born 
Municipal, a, belonging to a corporation 

N A C 


N A K 

Munificence, s. liberality, generosity 
Munificent, a. bountiful, liberal 
Mu'niment, s. a jollification ; support 
Muni'tion, s. fortification ; ammunition 
Mu'ral, a. pertaining to a wall 
Mur'der, s. tbe aft of killing unlawfully 
Mur'der, v. a. to kill unlawfully, to destroy 
Mur'derer, s. one who kills unlawfully 
Mur'derous, a. bloody, gu'rlcy of murder 
Mure, v. a. to enclose in walls...*, a wall 
Muriat'ic, a. having the nature of brine 
Mu'ricated, a. full of sharp points 
Murk, s. husks of fruit ; darkness 
Murk'y,«. dark, cloudy, wanting light 
Mur'mur, it. n. to grumble, to mutter 
Mur'mur, /. a complaint, a grumbling 
Mur'murer, ;. a grumbler, a repiner 
Mur'rain,j. a plague amongst cattle 
Mur'rey, a. darkly red 
Mus'cadine, s. sweet grapes ; sweet wine 
Mus'cle, s. a fleshy fibre ; a shell fish 
Musco'seness, Muscos'ity, s. mossiness 
Mus'cular, a. full of muscles, brawny 
Muse, s. the power of poetry ; thought 
Muse, v. n. to study, to ponder, to think close 
Mu'sea, or Mu'sia, s. mosaic work 
M^i'seful, a. deep thinking 
Muse'um, s. a repository of curiosities 
Mush'room, s. a spungy plant ; an upstart 
Mu'sic, s. the science of sounds ; harmony 
Mu'sical, a. harmonious, sweet sounding 
Musi'cian, s. one skilled in harmony 
Mu'sic-master, s. one who teaches music 
Musk, j. a perfume ; a flower ; a grape 
Mus'ket, s. a soldier's hand-gun : a hawk 
Musketee'r, or Musquetee'r, /. a soldier arm- 
ed with a musket 
Musketoo'n, s. a blunderbuss, a short gun 
Musk'melon, s. a fragrant melon 
Musk'rese, s. a very fragrant rose 
Musky, a. sweet of scent, fragrant 
Mus'liu, /. fine stuff made of cotton 
Mus'sack, s. a liquor much used in China 
Mus'sulman, s. a Mahometan believer 
Must, verb imperf. to be obliged 
Must, v. to make or grow mouldy 
Musta'ches, Musta'choes, s. whiskers 
Mus'tard, s. a plant and its seed 

Mus'ter, v. to assemble, to review, to collect 
Mus'ter, s. a review and register of forces 
Mus'ter-master, s. one who superintends the 

muster to prevent frauds 
Mus'ter-roll, s. a register of forces 
Mus'tiness, s. mould, damp, foulness 
Musty, a. mouldy, spoiled with damp ; dull 
Mutabil'ity, s. changeableness, inconstancy 
Mutable, «. alterable, inconstant, unsettled 
Muta'tion, s. the act of changing, alteration 
Mute, a. silent, dumb, not vocal 
Mute, s. one that has no power of speech 
Mute, v. n. to dung as birds 
Mu'tely, ad. with silence, not vocally 
Mu'tilate, v. a. to maim, to cut off 
Mu'tilated, a. maimed, defective 
Mutila'tion, s. deprivation of a limb, &e. 
Mu'tine, Mutinee'r, s. a mover of sedition 
Mucinous, a. seditious, tumultuous 
Mu'tiny, v. n. to rise against authority 
Mu'tiny, s. sedition, revolt, insurrection 
Mut'ter, v. to grumble, to utter imperfectly 
Mut'ton, s. the flesh of sheep, a sheep 
Mut'ton-fist, /. a hand large and red 
Mutual, a. reciprocal, acting in return 
Mutuality, s. reciprocation 
Mu'tually, ad. reciprocally, in return 
Muz'zle, s. the mouth of any thing 
Muz'zle, v. to bind the mouth 
Myography, s. a description of the muscles 
Myol'ogy, s. the doctrine of the muscles 
Myr'iad, s. the number of ten thousand 
Myr'midon, s. any rude ruffian 
Myrrh, s. a strong aromatic gum ; it is brought 

from Ethiopia, but the tree which produces 

it is wholly unknown 
Myrrh'ine, a. made of myrrhine stone 
Myr'tle, s. a fragrant kind of shrub 
Myse'lf, pron. I myself, not another 
Mys'tagogue, s. an interpreter of mysteries 
Myste'rious, a. full of mystery, obscure 
Myste'riously, ad. enigmatically, obscurely 
Mys'terize, v. a. to turn to enigmas 
Mystery, ;. something secret or hidden 
Mys'tic, Mystical, a. obscure, secret, dark 
Mythological, a. relating to fables 
Mythol'ogist, s. an explainer of fables 
Mythol'ogy, s. a system of fables 



NTKE 13th letter of the alphabet, is 
5 used as an abbreviation, as N. B. 
nota bene, take notice ; N. S. new style 
Nab, v. a. to catch unexpectedly 
^T-ack/er, or Na'ker, s, mother of pearl 

Na'dir, s. the point opposite to the zenith 

Nag, s. a small or young horse 

Nail, s. horn on fingers and toes ; an iron 

spike ; the 1 6th part of a yard ; a stud 
Na'kedness, ;, a want of covering 

N A U 

5 2 


Na'ked, a. uncovered, bare ; unarmed, de- 
fenceless ; plain, evident, nor hidden 
Na'maz, s. the Turk's common prayer 
Name, s. an appellation, reputation, fame 
Name, v. a. to give a name to, to mention by 

name, to specify, to nominate, to utter 
Na'mely, ad. particularly, specially 
Na'mesake, s. one of the same name 
Nap, s. a short sleep, slumber ; down on cloth 
Nape, s. the joint of the neck behind 
Naph'tha, s. an unctuous mineral acid of the 
bituminous kind, extremely ready to take 
fire. It is principally used externally in 
paralytic cases 
Nap'kin, s. a cloth to wipe the hands, &c. 
Nap'less, a. threadbare, wanting nap 
Nap'py, a. frothy, spumy; having a nap 
Narcis'sus, s. the daffodil flower 
Narcot'ic, a. causing torpor or stupefaction 
Nard, s. an odorous shrub ; an ointment 
Nare, s. a nostril 

Nar'rable, a. that which may be told 
Narra'tion, Nar'rative, s. a history, a relation 
Narra'tor, s. a relater, a teller, an historian 
Nar'row, a. of small breadth ; near, covetous 
Nar'rowly, ad. contractedly, nearly 
Nar'rowminded, a. mean spirited, avaricious 
Nar'rowness, s. want of breadth ; meanness 
Na'sal, a. belonging to the nose 
Nas'tily, ad. dirtily, filthily, grossly 
Nas'tiness, s. dirt, filth, obscenity, grossness 
Nas'ty, a. dirty, filthy, sordid, lewd, obscene 
Na'tal, a. relating to nativity, native 
Natali'tious, a. relating to a birth-day 
Nata'tion, s . the act of swimming 
Na'tion, s. a people distinct from others 
Na'tional, a. public, general, not private 
Na'tive, s. one born in any country, offspring 

...a. natural, not artificial, original 
Nativ'ity, s. birth, state or place of birth 
Nat'ural, a. produced by nature ; tender, easy 
Na'tural, s. a fool, an idiot ; native quality 
Nat'uralist, s. a student in physics 
Naturalization, s. the admission of a for- 
eigner to the privileges of a native 
Nat'uralize, v. a. to invest with the privi- 
leges of native subjects ; to make easy 
Nat'uraliy, ad. unaffectedly, spontaneously 
Na'ture, s. the system of the world, or the 
assemblage of all created beings ; the reg- 
ular course of things ; native state of any 
thing; disposition of mind; compass of 
natural existence ; species ; physics 
Na'val,«. consisting of, or relating to ships 
Nave, s. part of a church or a wheel 
Na'vel, s. a part of the body ; the middle 
Naught, a. bad, corrupt...;, nothing 
Naught ily, ad. wickedly, corruptly, basely 
Naught'iness, s. badness, wickedness 
Naught'y, a. had, wicked, corrupt, viciods 

Nav'igable, *. passable by ships or boats 
Nav'igate, v. a. to pass by ships or boats 
Navigation, /. the act of passing by water; 

the art of conducting a ship at cea. 
Naviga'tor, *. a seaman, a traveller by water 
Naum'achy, / . a mock sea-fight 
Nau'sea, s. a propensity to vomit; disgust 
Nau'seate, -v. to grow squeamish, to loathe 
Nau'seous, a. loathsome, disgustful 
Nau'tical, a. pertaining to ships or sailors 
Naut'ilus, s. a shell-fish, furnished with- 

something resembling oars and a sail 
Na'vy, s. a company of ships of war, a fleet 
Nay, ad. no ; not only so, but more 
Neaf, s. a fi3t 

Neal, v. a. to temper by gradual heat 
Neap, a. low, scanty ; used only of the tide 
Neap'tide, s. low tides in the 2nd and 4th 
quarters of the moon, not so high or swift 
as spring tides 
Near, a. close, not distant; parsimonious 
Near, Near'ly, ad. at hand ; closely ; meanly 
Near'ness, s. closeness, niggardliness 
Neat, a. elegant, clean, pure...;, oxen 
Neat'herd, s. a cow-keeper 
Neat'ly, ad. cleanliiy, trimly, artfully 
Neat'ness, s. cleanliness, spruceness 
Neb, s. the nose, beak, mouth, bill of a bird 
Neb'ulous, a. misty, cloudy, overcast 
Ne'cessaries, s. things not only convenient 

but needful for human life 
Ne'cessarily, ad. indispensably, inevitably 
Ne'cessary, a. needful, fatal, unavoidable 
Necessitarian, s. one denying free agency 
Neces'sitate, v. a. to make necessary 
Necessitated,. part. a. forced, in want 
Neces'sitous, a. in want, needy, poor 
Neces'situde, s. want, need, poverty 
Necessity, s. compulsion ; fatality, indispen- 

sableness; want, poverty ; cogency 
Neck, s. part of the body, of land, &c. 
Neck'cloth, s. a cloth for men's necks 
Neck'lace, s. a woman's neck ornament 
Ne'cromancer, s. a conjurer, a wizard 
Ne'cromancy, s. the art of revealing future 

events by communicating with the dead 
Necroman'tic, a. relating to necromancy 
Nec'tar, s. the feigned drink of the gods 
Necta'reous, Nec'tarine,a. sweet as nectat 
Nec'tarine, s. a fruit of the plum kind 
Need, Need'iness, s. exigency, want 
Need, v. to want, to lack, to be necessitated 
Need'ful, a. indispensably requisite 
Nee'dle, s. a small instrument for sewing ; 
the small steel bar which in the mariner's 
compass points to the North Pole 
Nee'dlemaker, s. one who makes needles 
Nee'dlework, s. work done with a needle 
Need'less, a. unnecessary, not requisite 
Needs, ad, indispensably, inevitably 

N E X 

N I S 

Need'y, a. distressed by want, poor 

Nef, s. the body of a church 

Nefa'rious, a. heinous, wicked, abominable 

Nega'tion, s. denial, contrary to affirmation 

Negative, s. a proposition that denies 

Neg'atively, ad. in the form of denial 

Negle'ct, v. a. to omit by carelessness, slight 

Negle'ct, ;. inattention, negligence 

Negle'clful, a. heedless, careless, inattentive 

Neg-'ligence, s. remissness, carelessness 

Negligent, a. careless, heedless, inattentive 

Negotiable, a. that which may be negotiated 

Negotiate, v. n. to traffic, to treat with 

Negotiating, «. trading, managing 

Negotia'tion, s. a treaty of business, &c. 

Ne'gro, s. a blackmoor 

Neif, s. the Sst ; a bondwoman 

Neigh, ;. the voice of a horse...*;, n. to make 

a noise like a horse 
Ncigh'bour, s. one who lives near another 
Neighbourhood, s. the people, &c adjoining 
Neighbourly, a. friendly, civil, kind 
Ne'ither, con. not either, no one 
Nem'ine-contradicen'te, ;. part, no one con- 
tradicting or opposing, without opposition 
Nem'orai, a. pertaining to a grove 
Neoter'ic, a. modern, novel, kite 
Nepenthe, /. an herb that drives away sad- 

ness ; also a drug that expels all pains 
Neph'ew, s. the son of a biother or sister 
NephriL-'ic, s. a medicine for the stone 
Nep'otism, s. a fondness for nephews 
Nerve, s. an organ of sensation 
Nerve'less, a. without strength •, insipid 
Ner'vous, Ner'vy, a. sinewy, vigorous; also 

having diseased or weak nerves 
Nes'cience, s. the state of not knowing 
Nest, /. a bed of birds ; drawers ; an abode 
Nest'egg, s. an egg left in the nest 
Nes'tle, i>. to settle, to lie close, to cherish 
Nest'iing, s, a bird just hatched 
Net, ;. a texture for catching fish, birds, &x\ 
Neth'er, a. lower, not upper ; infernal 
Neth'ermost, a. lowest 
Net't'.e, ;. a common stinging herb 
Net'tle, v. a. to vex, provoke, to irritate 
Nev'er, ad. at no time, in no degree 
Nevertheless, ad. notwithstanding that 
Neu'ter, Neu'tral, a. of neither party 
Neutrality, s. a state of indifference 
New, a. fresh, modern, not ancient 
Newfan'gled, a. formed with love of novelty 
Newfash'ioned, a. lately come in fashion 
New'el, s. the upright post in a staircase 
New'grown,£rtr/. lately grown up 
Newly, ad. lately, freshly 
New'ness, ... freshness, recemness, lateness 
News, s. fresh accounts of transactions 
Newt, s. an eft, a small lizard 
Next, a. nearest in place or gradation 

Nib, /. a point of a pen ; the bill of a bird 
Nib'bed, a. having a nib 
Nibble, i>. to eat slowly ; to find fault with 
Nice, a. accurate, scrupulous, delicate 
Nice'ly, ad. accurately, minutely, delicately 
Ni'cety, /. minute accuracy, punctilious dis- 
crimination ; effeminate softness ; a dainty 
Niche, /. a hollow to place a statue in 
Nick,;. exact point of time* anotch; aseore 
Nick, v. a. to cut in notches ; to hit ; cozen 
Nick'name, s. a name in scoff or contempt 
Nick'name, -,'. to call by an opprobrious name 
Nictate, v. n. to wink 
Nide, ;. a brood, as a brood of pheasants 
Ni'dorous, a. having the smell of roast fat 
Neice, j.lhe daughter of a brother or sister 
Njg'gard, ;. a sordid, covetous person 
Nig'gard, Nig'gardly.rt. sordid, parsimonious 
Niggardly, ad. avariciously, meanly 
Njgh, a. near to, allied closely by blood 
Nigh, Nigh'Iy, ad. nearly, within a little 
Njght, j. time from sun-set to sun-rise 
Night'cap, s. a cap worn in bed 
Night'dew, s. dew that falls in the night 
Night'ed, a. darkened, clouded, black 
Njght'faring, a. travelling in the night 
Night'fire. s. an ignis fatuus, a vapour 
Night 'gown, s. an undress, a gown 
Night'ingale, s. a bird that sings at night 
Nightly, a. cone or acting by night 
Night'man, $. one who empties privies 
Night'mare, /. a morbid oppression during 
sleep, resembling the pressure pf weight 
upon the breast 
Night'piece, s . a picture so coloured as to be 

supposed to be seen by candlelight 
Night'rail, /. a light kind of night-dress 
Night'warbling, a. singing in the night 
Night-watch, s. a period of night as distin- 
guished by change of the watch 
Nigres'cent, a. growing black 
Nihil'ity, $. nothingness; non-existence 
Nill, v. a. not to will ; to refuse, to reject 
Nill'ing, part, a refusing, unwilling 
Nirn, v. a. to steal, to Mich 
Nim'ble, a. quick, active, ready, lively 
Nim'blefcoteri, a. active, nimble 
Nim'blewitted, a. not at a loss for words 
Nim'biy, ad. quickly, speedily, with agility 
Nim'ious, a. being too much, vast, huge 
Nine, s. one more than eight 
Nine'fold, a. nine times repeated 
Ni'nety, *, nine times ten 
Nin'ny, Nin'nyhammer,.;. a fool, asimpieton 
Ninth, a. what precedes the tenth 
Nip, -o. a. to pinch ; to blast ; to ridicule 
Nip'per, s. one who nips ; a satirist 
Nip'pers, s. small pincers 
Nip'ple, s. a teat; a dug; an orifice 
Nisi-prj'usj s. a law term for civil causes. 


Nit, s. the egg of a louse, bug, &c. 
Nit'id, a. bright, shining, luminous 
^i'tre, s. saltpetre 
Ni'trous, a. impregnated with nitre 
Nit'ty, a. abounding with the eggs of lice 
Nj'val, a. abounding with snow 
Niv'eous, a. snowy, resembling snow 
Ni'zy, ;. a dunce, a simpleton, a booby 
No, ad. the word of denial—a. not any 
Nobil'ity, s. persons of high rank ; dignity 
No r Dle, a. illustrious, exalted, generous 
No'ble, s. one of high rank ; greatly exalted ; 

an ancient gold coin, valued at 6s. 8d 
No'bleman, s. one who is ennobled 
No'bleness, s. greatness, dignity, splendour 
Noble'sse, s. the body of nobility, dignity 
No'bly, ad. greatly, illustriously, splendidly 
No'body, s. no one, not any one 
No'cent, No'cive, a. criminal, hurtful 
Noctam'bulist, s. one who walks in sleep 
Noclid'ial, a. comprising a day and a night 
Noc'tuary, s. an account of night affairs 
Noc'turn, s. devotion performed by night 
Nocturn'al, a. nightly. ...c. an instrument 
.Nod, v. n. to bend the head, to be drowsy 
Ncd'dle, s. the head, in contempt 
Nod'dy, Noo'dle, s. a simpleton, an idiot 
Node, s. a knob; a swelling ; an intersection 
No'dous, a. knotty, full of knots 
Nog'gin, ;. a small cup or mug 
Noise, s. any sound, outcry , clamour 
Noise'less, a. silent, without sound 
Nois'iness, s. loudness of sound 
Nois'ome, a. noxious, offensive, stinking 
Nois'y, a. sounding loud, clamorous 
Noli'tion, s. unwillingness, reluctance 
Nom'bles, /. the entrails of a deer 
Nomencla'tor, s. one who gives names 
Nomenclature, s. a vocabulary ; a naming 
Nom'inal, a. only in name, not real 
Nominally, ad. by name, titulary 
Nom'inate, v. a. to name, entitle, appoint 
Nomination, s. the power of appointing 
Nom'inative, s. in grammar, the first case 

that designates the name of any thing 
Non'age, s. minority in age, immaturity 
Non-appear'ance, s. a default in not appear- 
ing in a court of judicature 
Nonce, s. a purpose, intent, design 
Nonconformist, s. one who refuses to join 

the established worship of the church 
Nondescri'pt, a. not yet described 
None, a. not one, not any, not another 
Nonen'tity, s. non-existence, an ideal thing 
None'such, s. an extraordinary person, &c. 
Non-exis'tence, s. state of not existing 
Nonju'ring, a. refusing to swear allegiance 
Nonju'ror, s. one who, conceiving a monarch 
unjustly deposed, refuses to swear alle- 
giance to his successors 

Nonnat'urals, a. are the more immediate 
causes of diseases, as air, meat, drink, 
sleep and watching, &c. 
Nonpare'il, s. a small printing letter; an 

apple of unequalled excellence 
Non'plus, ;. a puzzle...*;, a. to confound 
Nonregard'ance, /. want of due regard 
Nonres'idence, s. a failure of residence 
Nonres'ident, s. one who does not reside 
Nonresist'ance, s. passive obedience 
Non'sense, /. unmeaning language ; trifles 
Nonsen'sical, a. unmeaning, foolish 
Nonsolu'tion, s. a failure of solution 
Non'suit, v. a. to quash a legal process 
Nook, s. a corner, a covert j part of lurid 
Noon, j-. the middle of the day 
Noon'day, Noon'tide,*. mid-day 
Noose, v. a. to knot...*, a running knot 
Nor, con. a negative particle 
Nor'mal, a. perpendicular, upright 
Norroy', s. a king at arms, whose ofnce is on 
the north side of the river Trent, as Clar- 
encieux's is on the south side 
North, s. opposite the south; the point op- 
posite to the sun in the meridian 
Northerly, North'ern, North'ward, a. being 

in, or towards the north 
North'star, s. the pole star 
North'ward, ad. towards the north 
Nose, /. part of the face...i>. to smell 
No'segay, s. a posy, a bunch of flowers 
Nos'le, s. the extremity of any thing 
Nos'tril, x. the cavity in the nose 
Nos'trum, s. a medicine not made public 
Not, ad. the particle of negation 
Not'able, a. remarkable ; careful, bustling 
Not'ableness, ;. diligence, remarkableness 
No'tary, s. a scrivener that takes notes, or 

makes draughts of obligations, &c. 
Nota'tion, s. the act of noting, signification 
Notch, s. a nick, a hollow cut in any thing 
Note, ;. a mark ; notice ; written paper; stig- 
ma; sound in music; annotation ; symbol 
Note, v. a. to observe, to remark, set down 
No'ted, part. a. remarkable ; eminent 
Noth'ing, s. non-existence, not any thing 
No'tice, s. remark, heed, information 
Notification, s. the act of making known 
No'tify, v. a. to declare, to make known 
Nc'tion, s. a sentiment, opinion, thought 
No'tional, a. imaginable, ideal, visionary 
Notori'ely, s. public knowledge or exposure 
Notorious, a. publicly known, manifest 
Nott, v. a. to shear, to crop 
Notwithstanding, con. nevertheless 
No'tus, s. the south wind 
Nova'tion, s. introduction of something new 
Nov'el, a. new, not ancient ; unusual 
Novel, s. a feigned story or tale 
Nov'elist, /. an innovator ; a writer cf novels 



O B £ 

Nov'elty, s. newness, innovation 
November, s. the I ith month of the year 
Novercal, a. pertaining to a step-mother 
Nought, s. nothing, not any thing 
Nov'ice, s. an unskilful person, &c. 
Novi'tiate, s. the state of a novice ; the time 

in which the rudiments are learned 
Nov'ity, j. newness, novelty 
Noun, s. the name of any thing in grammar 
Nour'ish, v. to support with food, to foment 
Nour'ishable, a. susceptive of nourishment 
Nourishment, /. food, nutrition, support 
Nous'el, 1/. a. to nurse up 
Now, ad. at this time..j. present moment 
Now'adays, ad. in the present age 
Now'ed, a. knotted, inwreathed 
Nowes, s. the marriage knot 
No'where, ad. not in any place 
No'wise, ad. not in any manner or degree 
Nox'ious, a. hurtful, baneful, offensive 
Nub'ble, v. a. to bruise with fighting 
Nubiferous, a, bringing clouds 
Nu'bilate, v. a. to cloud 
Nu^biie,*?. marriageable, fit for marriage 
Nu'bilous, a. cloudy, overcast 
Nuciferous, a. nut-bearing 
Nu'cleus, j.. the kernel of a nut; any thing 

about which matter is gathered 
Nu'drty, s. nakedness ; a picture 
Nuga'city, or Nugal'ity, s. trifling talk 
Nu'gatory, a. trifling, futile, ineffectual 
Null, /. a thing of no force or meaning 
Null'ity, s. want of force or existence 
Numb, a. torpid, chill, benumbing 
Numb, v. a. to make torpid, to stupify 
Num'ber, v. a. to count, to tell, to reckon 
Num'ber, s. many...p/. harmony; poetry 
Num'berer, s. he who numbers 
Num'berless, a. more than can be reckoned 
Numb'ness, s. stupefaction, torpor 
Nu'merable, a. capable to be numbered 

Nu'meral, a. pertaining to number 
Nu'merary, a. belonging to a number 
Numeration, s. the art of numbering 
Numerator, s. he that numbers; that num- 
ber which measures others 
Numerical, a. denoting number, numeral 
Nu'merist, s. one who deals in numbers 
Nu'merous, a. containing many ; musical 
' Num'mary, a. relating to money 
Num'skull, s. a dunce, a dolt, a blockhead 
Nun, /. a religious recluse woman 
Nunch'ion, s. food eaten between meals 
Nun'cio, s. envoy from the Pope ; messenger 
Nuncupative, a. verbally pronounced 
Nun'nery, s. a convent of nuns 
Nup'tia?,#> pertaining to marriage 
I Nup'tials, s. marriage or wedding 
' Nurse, s. a woman who has the care of an- 
other's child, or of a sick person 
i Nurse, v. a. to bring up a child, to feed 
I Nurse'pond, s. a pond for young fish 
I Nurs'ery,/. a place where children are nursed 
and brought up ; a plot of ground for rais- 
ing young trees for transplantation 
Nurs'ling, s. one nursed up, a fondling 
Nur'ture, s. food ; diet ; education, institution 
Nus'tle, v. a. to fondle, to cherish 
Nut, u a fruit ; part of a wheel 
Nuta'tion, s. a kind of tremulous motion 
Nut'gall, s. the excrescence of an oak 
Nut'meg, s. a warm Indian spice 
Nutrica'tion, /. the manner of feeding 
Nu'triment, s. nourishment, food, aliment 
Nutriment'al, a. having the qualities of food 
Nutri'tion, s. the quality of nourishing 
Nutri'tious, Nu'tritive, a. nourishing 
Nu'triture, s. the power of nourishing 
Nut'tree, ;. a tree that bears nuts; a hazel 
Nuz'zle, v. a. to hide the head as a child does 
in its mother's bosom ; to nurse, to foster 
Nymph, s. a goddess of the woods ; a lady 


OI3 used as an abbreviation, as, O. S. 
denotes Old Style, &c 
Oaf, s. a changeling, foolish fellow, an idiot 
Oafish, a. dull, stupid, doltish 
Oak, ;. a tree, and the wood of it 
Oak'apple, s. a spongy excrescence on oaks 
Oak'en, a. made of, or gathered from oak 
Oak'um, s. cords untwisted, reduced to hemp 
Oar, /. an instrument to row with...u. to 

row, to impel by rowing 
Oatca'ke, s. a cake made of oatmeal 
Cit'edj a, made of, or besring, oats 

Oath, s. a solemn affirmation, corroborated 

by the attestatiou of the Divine Being 
Oat'malt, s. malt made of oats 
Oat'meal, s. flour made by grinding oats 
Oats, s. a grain generally given to horses 
Obambula'tion, s. the act of walking about 
Obdu'ce, v. a. to draw over, as a covering 
Obduc'tion, s. a covering or overlaying 
Ob'duracy, s. hardness of heart, &c. 
Ob'durate, a. hard-hearted, impenitent 
Ob'durately, ad. inflexibly, stubbornly 
Obe'dience, ;. submission, obrequiousness 

O B S 

O C C 

Gbe'dient, a. submissive to authority 
Obediential, a. pertaining to obedience 
Obe'isance, s. an act of reverence, a bow 
Ob'elisk, s. a pyramid of marble or stone ; 

a marginal mark in a book, &c. thus (t) 
Oberra'tion, s the act of wandering about 
Obe'se,a. fat, gross, loaden with flesh 
Obey', v. a. to pay submission to, comply with 
Ob'ject, s. that on which we are employed 
Obje'ct, v. to urge against, to propose r 
Objection, s. an adverse argument ; a charge 
Objective, a. relating to the object 
Object'or, s. one who objects or oppos«s 
O'bit, s. funeral obsequies 
Obit'uary, s . a register of the dead 
Objura'tion, s. act of binding by oath 
Objur'gate, v. a. to chide, rebuke, reprove 
Objurga'tion, s. a chiding, reprehension 
Obla'te, a. flatted at the poles 
Obla'tion, s. an offering, a sacrifice, a toll 
Oblecta'tion, s. recreation, delight 
Obligation, s. engagement, contract, bond 
Obligatory, a. binding, imposing obligation 
Obli'ge, v. a. to bind, to compel, to gratify 
Oblige'e, s. one bound by a contract 
Obli'ging, part. a. complaisant, binding 
Obli'que, a. not direct, not perpendicular 
Obli'queness, Obli'qui$y, s. deviation from 

moral rectitude ; not direct, crookedness 
Oblit'erate, v. a. to efface, to destroy 
Oblitera'tion, s. effacement, extinction 
Obliv'ial, a. causing forgetfulness 
Obliv'ion, s. forgetfulness ; amnesty 
Obliv'ious, a. causing forgetfulness 
Ob'long, a. longer than broad 
Ob'loquy, s. blame, slander, disgrace 
Obmutes'cence, s. loss of speech 
Obnox'ious, a. accountable j liable ; exposed 
Obnu'bilate, v. a. to cloud, to obscure 
Ob'ole, s. in pharmacy, twelve grains 
Obrep'tion, s. the a<t of creeping on 
Obsce'ne, a. immodest, disgusting, offensive 
Obsce'nely, ad. in an immodest manner 
Obscen'ity, s. lewdness, unchastity 
Obscura'tion, s. the act of darkening 
Obscu're, a. dark, gloomy, abstruse, difficult 
Obscu're, v. a. to darken, to perplex 
Obscu'rely, ad. darkly, privately 
Obscu'reness, Obscu'rity, s. darkness, want 

of light ; unnoticed state, privacy 
Obsecra'tion, s. a supplication, an entreaty 
Ob'sequies, s. funeral solemnities 
Obse'quious, a. compliant, obedient 
Observ'able, a. remarkable, eminent 
Observance, s. respect, attention 
Observ'ant, a, attentive, diligent, watchful 
Observa'tion, s. a noting, a remark, a note 
Observa'tor, Observ'er, /. a remarker 
Observ'atory, s. a place adapted for making 

astronomical observations 

Obse'rve, v. to watch ; note, regard, obey 
Obses'sion, s. the act of besieging 
Ob'solete, a. disused, grown out of use 
Ob'stacle, s. a let, hinderance, obstruction 
Obstet'ric, a. doing a midwife's office 
Ob'stinacy, s. stubbornness, persistency 
Ob'stinate, a. stubborn, contumacious, fixed 
Ob'stinately, ad. stubbornly, resolutely 
Obstipa'tion, s. act of stopping chinks, &c. 
Obstrep'erous, a. noisy, loud, vociferous 
Obstric'tion, s. an obligation, a bond 
Obstru'ct, v. a. to hinder, to block up, to bat 
Obstruction, /. an hinderance, an obstacle 
Obstructive, a. hindering, impeding 
Ob'struent, a. blocking up, hindering 
Obstupefac'tion, s. act of inducing stupidity 
Obta'in, <v. to gain, to acquire ; to prevail 
Obtainable, a. that which may be obtained 
Obtain'ment, s. the aft of obtaining 
Obte'nd, v. a. to oppose ; to pretend ; to offer 
Obtenebra'tion, s. darkness, making dark 
Obten'sion, s. opposition, denial 
Obte'st, v. to beseech, to supplicate 
Obtesta'tion, s. supplication, entreaty 
Obtrecta'tion, s. slander, detraction 
Obtru'de, v. a. to thrust into a place by force; 

to offer with unreasonable importunity 
Obtru'sion, /. forcing in or upon 
Obtru'sive, a. inclined to obtrude on others 
Obtu'nd, v. a. to blunt ; to quell ; to deaden 
Obtu'se, a. not pointed, dull, obscure 
Obtu'sely, ad. without a point, dully 
Obtu'seness, s. bluntness, stupidity, dulness 
Obtu'sion, s. the act of dulling 
Obve'rt, v. a. to turn towards, &c. 
Ob'viate, v. a. to prevent, to hinder, oppose 
Ob'vious, a. easily discovered, plain, open 
Ob'viously, ad. evidently, plainly 
Ob'viousness, s. the state of being evident 
Occa'sion, s. a casualty, opportunity, incident 
Occa'sion, v. a. to cause, to influence 
Occa'sional, a. incidental, casual 
Occeca'tion, s. a<5t of blinding or making blind 
Occident, j. the west...a. western 
Occidental, a. western 
Oc'ciput, s. the hinder part of the head 
Occlu'de, v. a. to shut up 
Occlu'se, a. shut up, closed 
Occu'lt, a. unknown, hidden, secret 
Occulta'tion, s. the act of hiding; in astron- 
omy, the time that a star or planet is hid 
from sight in an eclipse 
Occupancy, s. the act of taking possession 
Oc'cupant, j. he that takes possession 
Oc'cupate, v. a. to possess, hold ; take up 
Occupa'tion, s. a taking possession, trade 
Occupier, s. a possessor one who occupies 
Occupy, v. a. to possess ; to fill or take up ; 

to employ, to use, to expend 
Occu'r, v. n. to be remembered ; to appear 



O N C 

Occur'rence, s. incident, casual event 
Occur'sion, s. a clash, a mutual blow 
O'cean, s. the main ; any immense expanse 
Ocel'lated, a. resembling the eyes 
Och'imy, or Ock'amy, 5. a mixed base metal 
Cchre, s . a rough, yellow, or blue earth 
O'chreous, a. consisting of ochre 
Oc'tagon, s. a figure of eight sides and angles 
Octan'gular, a. having eight angles 
Oc'tant, a. is when a planet is in such po- 
sition to another, that their places are only 
distant an eighth part of a circle, or 45 
Oc'tave, s. the eighth day after some festival ; 

the interval of an eighth in music 
Odta'vo, s. a sheet folded into eight leaves 
Octen'nial, a. done or happening every eighth 

year, lasting eight years 
Otto'ber, s. the tenth month of the year 
Oc'ular, a. known by the eye 
Oc'ulist, s. one who cures distempered Cyes 
Odd, a. not even ; particular, strange 
Odd'ly, ad. not evenly ; strangely, unac- 
countably, uncouthly 
©dd'ness, s. particularity, strangeness 
Odds, s. more than an even wager or number ; 

advantage ; superiority ; dispute 
Ode, s. a poem to be sung to music 
O'dious, a. hateful, heinous, abominable 
O'dium, s. invidiousness ; hatred •, blame 
Odoriferous, a. fragrant, perfumed, sweet 
O'derous, a fragrant, perfumed 
O'dour, s. scent, good or bad ; fragrance 
Oeconomy, s. See Economy 
Oecumen'ical, a. general, universal 
Oeil'iad, s. a wink, token of the eye 
O'er, ad. contracted from over 
Off, ad. signifying distance ; from, not toward 
Off'al, s. waste meat, refuse, carrion 
Offe'nce, s. a transgression ; injury ; anger 
Offenceless, a. unoffending, innocent 
Offe'nd, v. to make angry, to injure, to attack 
Offend'er, s. one who commits an offence 
Offensive, a. displeasing, injurious, hurtful 
Offensively, ad. displeasingly, injuriously 
Offer, v. to present ; to attempt ; to sacrifice 
Offer, s. a proposal ; endeavour ; price bid 
Offering, s. sacrifice or oblation 
Offertory, s. act of offering, thing offered ; 
place where offerings are kept ; part of the 
Popish mass 
Office,/, public employment, agency 
Officer, s. a commander, one in office 
Officered, a. supplied with commanders 
Offi'cial, a. pertaining to an office 
Offi'cial, s. an archdeacon's deputy 
Offi'cialty, /. the charge of an official 
Offi'ciate, v. to perform another's duty 
Offi'cinal, a. used in, or relating to, shops 
Offi'ciousjtf, importunately forward 5 kind 

Offi'ciously, ad, with unasked kindness 
Offi'ciousness, s. over- forwardness ; service 
Offing, ;. the act of steering to a distance 

from the land 
Offset, s. a sprout, the shoot of a plant 
Offspring, s. propagation ; children 
Offus'cate, v. a. to darken, to cloud, to dim 
Oft, Oft'en, Oft'entimes, Oft'times, ad. fre- 
quently, many times, not rarely 
Oge'e, O'give, s. a sort of moulding in archi- 
tecture, consisting of around and a hollow 
O'gle, v. a. to view with side glances 
O'gling, s. a viewing slily or obliquely 
O'glio, /. a dish of mixed meats, a medley 
Oh ! inter, denoting sorrow or surprise 
Oil, s. the expressed juice of olives, &c. 
Oil'iness, s. unctuousness, greasiness 
Oil'man, ;. one who sells oils, pickles, &c. 
Oil'y, a. consisting of oil ; fat, greasy 
Oint'ment, ;. an unguent, a salve 
Old, Old'en, a. not new, ancient, long used 
Oldfash'ioned, a. obsolete, out of fashion 
Olea'ginous, O'leose, a. oily, unftuous 
Olfac'tory, a. having the sense of smelling 
Oliba'num,/. a sweet-scented gum 
Oligarch'ical, a. relating to an oligarchy 
Oligarchy, /. a form of government which 
places the supreme power in the hands of 
few ; an aristocracy 
Ol'itory, a. belonging to a kitchen garden 
Olivas'ter, a. darkly brown, tawny 
Ol'ive, s. a plant ; its fruit ; emblem of peace 
Olym'piad, s. the space of four years, where- 
by the Greeks reckoned their time, so 
named from the games celebrated every 
4th year in honour of Jupiter Olympus 
Om'bre, /. a game at cards played by three 
Ome'ga, s. the last letter of the Greek alpha* 
bet, therefore taken in the Holy Scripture 
for the last 
Om'elet, s. a pancake made with eggs 
O'men, s. a good or bad sign, a prognostic 
O'mer, s. a Hebrew measure, containing 

about three pints and an half English 
Om'inous, a. foreshewing ill, inauspicious 
Omis'sion, Omit'tance, s. a neglect of duty 
Omi't, v. a. to leave out ; to neglect 
Omnifa'rious, a. of all kinds and sorts 
Omnific, a. all-creating 
Omnip'otence, Omnip'otency, s. almighty 

power, unlimited power 
Omnipotent, a. almighty, all-powerful 
Omnipres'ence, s. the quality of being every 

where present ; ubiquity 
Omnipres'ent, a. present in every place 
Omnis'cience, s. infinite knowledge 
Omnis'cient, a. infinitely wise, all-knowing 
Omol'ogy, s. likeness ; agreeable ness 
On, prep. upon..^rf. forward, not off 
Oace, ad, one time, a single time ; formerly 

O P P 


O R D 

One, a. one of two, single...;, a single person 
One'eyed, a. having only one eye 
Oneirocrit'ic, s. an interpreter of dreams 
On'erary, a. fitted for carriage or burdens 
On'erate, v. a. to load, to burden 
On'erous, a. burdensome, oppressive 
On'ion, ;. a plant with a bulbous root 
O'nly, ad. simply, barely. ..«. single, this only 
On'omancy, s. divination by names 
On'set, j. an attack, an assault ; a storm 
Ontol'ogy, s. metaphysics ; the science of 

beings or ideas in general 
On'ward,W. progressively ; forward 
O'nyx, s. a clear, elegant, and valuable gem 
Ooze, s. soft mud ; slime ; soft flow ; spring 
Ooze, v. n. to run gently, to flow by stealth 
Ooz'y, a. miry, muddy, slimy 
Opa'cate, v. a. to shade, to cloud, to darken 
Opa'city, s. darkness, obscureness 
Opa'cous, Opa'que, a . dark, not transparent 
O'pal, s. a precious stone 
O'pen, v. to unclose, unlock ; divide ; begin 
O'pen, a. unclosed, plain, clear, exposed 
Openey'ed, a. watchful, vigilant, attentive 
Openhand'ed, a. generous, liberal, bountiful 
Openheart'ed, a. generous, candid 
Openheart'edness, ;. liberality, munificence 
O'pening, s. a breach, an aperture ; the dawn 
O'penly, ad. publicly, evidently, plainly 
Openmouth'ed, a. greedy, clamorous 
O'penness, s. freedom from disguise 
Op'era, s. a musical entertainment 
Op'erant, a. active ; able to produce 
Op'erate, v. n. to act ; to produce effects 
Operat'ical, a. relating to an operation 
Operation, s. agency, influence, effect 
Op'erative, a. having the power of acting 
Opera'tor, s. one that performs any act of the 

hand ; one who produces any effect 
Opero'se, a. laborious ; full of trouble 
Operta'neous, a. secret, done in secret 
Ophioph'agous, a. serpent-eating 
Ophthal'mic, a. relating to the eye 
O'piate, s. a medicine that causes sleep 
Opin'iative, a. stubborn ; imagined 
Opin'ion, s. a sentiment ; notion 
Opin'ionative, a fond of preconceived notions 
Opip'arous,«. sumptuous 
Opitula'tion, s. an aiding, a helping 
O'pium, s- the juice of Turkish poppies 
Op'pidan, s. a townsman ; an appellation 
given to the youth who belong to the 
King's college, Westminster 
Oppig'nerate, v. a to pledge, to pawn 
Oppila'tion, s. an obstruction or stoppage 
Op'pilative, a. obstructive, apt to obstruct 
Oppo'nent, a. opposite, adverse 
Oppo'nent, s. an adversary, an antagonist 
Opportu'ne, a. seasonable, convenient, fit 
Opportunity, s, fit place; time j convenience 

Oppo'se, act against, to resist, to hinder 
Oppo'seless, a. irresistible, not to be opposed 
Op'posite, a. placed in front, adverse 
Op'posite, s. an adversary, an antagonist 
Opposi'tion, s. hostile resistance ; contraries 

ty of interest, conduct, or meaning 
Oppre'ss, v. a. to crush by hardships, subdue 
Oppres'sion, s. cruelty, severity ; dulness 
Oppressive, a. cruel, inhuman ; heavy 
Oppress'or, s. one who harasses others 
Opprobrious, a. reproachful, disgraceful 
Oppro'briousness, s. scurrility, abuse 
Oppu'gn, v. a. to oppose, attack, refute 
Oppu'gnancy, s. opposition, resistance 
Opsim'athy, s. late education ; late erudition 
Op'tative, a. expressive of desire 
Op'tic, a. visual, relating to vision 
Op'tic, s. an instrument or organ of sight 
Op'tical, a. relating to the science of optics 
Opti'cian, s. one skilled in optics 
Op'tics, s. the science of vision 
Op'timacy, s. nobility, the body of nobles 
Op'tion, s. a choice, power of choosing 
Op'ulence, Op'ulency, s. wealth, affluence 
Op'ulent, a. rich, wealthy, affluent 
Or,;, gold, in heraldry ...con. either 
Or'acle, s. something delivered by superna- 
tural wisdom ; one famed for wisdom 
Orac'ular, Orac'ulous, a. uttering oracles 
O'ral, a. delivered verbally, not written 
Or'ange, ;. a well-known fruit 
Or'angery, ;. a plantation of orange trees 
Ora'tion, ;. a public discourse or speech 
Or'ator, /. an eloquent public speaker 
Orator'ical, a. rhetorical ; befitting an orator 
Orato'rio, ;. a kind of sacred drama 
Or'atory, ;. rhetorical skill ; eloquence 
Orb, /. a sphere ; a circle ; a wheel ; the eye 
Or'bate, a. childless, fatherless ; poor 
Orba'tion, ;. the act of deprivation 
Orb'ed, a. circular, formed in a circle 
Orbic'ular, a. spherical, circular 
Or'bit, s. the path in which a planet moves 
Or'chard, ;. a garden of fruit trees 
Or'chestra, or Or'chestre, ;. a gallery or place 

for musicians to play in 
Orda'in, v. a. to appoint, establish, invest 
Or'deal, ;. a trial by fire or water 
Or'der, s. a method, a mandate, a rule 
Or'der, v. a. to regulate, command, ordain 
Or'derless, a. disorderly, out of rule 
Or'derly, a. methodical, regular 
Or'ders, ;. admission to the priesthood 
Or'dinable, a. such as may be appointed 
Or'dinal, ;. a ritual...a. noting order 
Ordinance, s. a law ; rule ; appointment 
Or'dinary, s. a judge ; a stated chaplain ; a 
place for eating, where a certain price is 
paid for each meal ; settled establishment 
Or'dinary, a. common, usual j mean j ugTy 



O V E 

Or'dinate, a. methodical...?;, a. to appoint 
Ordination, s. the act of ordaining 
Ord'nance, s. cannon, heavy artillery 
Or'donnance, s. disposition of figures in a 

Or'dure, s. animal dung, filth 
Ore, s. metal yet in its mineral state 
Or'gal, s. the lees of wine, &c. 
Or'gan, s. a natural or musical instrument 
Organ'ic, Organ'ica!, a. instrumental 
Or'ganism, s. organical structure 
Or'ganist, s. one who plays on the organ 
Organization, s. a due construction of parts 
Or'ganize, v. a. to form organically 
Or 'gas m, s. a sudden vehemence 
Or'gies, /. frantic revels, rites of Bacchus 
Orgil'lous, a. proud, haughty, lofty 
O'rient, a- rising as the sun ; eastern ; bright 
Oriental, a. eastern, placed in the east 
Or'ifice, s. an opening or perforation 
Origin, s. beginning, source, descent 
Ori'ginal, s. first copy...«. pristine 
Ori'ginaliy, ad. primarily, at first 
Ori'ginary, a. productive, primi tiye~ 
Ori'ginate, v. a. to bring into existence 
Or'ison, or Or'aison, s. a prayer, verbal sup- 
plication, or oral worship 
Or'lop, s. the lowest deck of a ship 
Or'nament, s. decoration, embellishment 
Or'nament, v. a. to adorn, to embellish 
Ornament'al, a. giving embellishment 
Or'namented, a. embellished, decorated 
Or'nate, a. bedecked, decorated, fine 
Ornithol/ogy, s. a discourse on birds 
Or'phan, s. a chiid bereaved of father or mo- 

ther, or both ...a. bereft of parents 
Or'piment, s, a mineral, yellow arsenic 
Or'rery, s. an instrument which represents 

the revolutions of the heavenly bodies 
Or'ris, s. gold and silver lace ; a plant 
Or'thodox, a. sound in opinion and doctrine 
Orthodoxy, s. soundness in doctrine, &c. 
Or'thogon, s. a rectangled figure 
Orthog'rapher, s. one who spells rightly 
Orthographical, a. rightly spelled 
Orthograph'ically, ad. according to rule 
Orthog'raphy, s. the part of grammar which 
teaches how words should be spelled ; the 
elevation of a building delineated 
Or'tive, s. rising of ajplanet or star 
Ortolan, s. a delicate small bird 
Orts, s. fragments, mere refuse 
Oscillation, s. the moving like a pendulum 
Os'citancy, Oscita'tion, s. the act of yawn- 
ing ; unusual sleepiness ; carelessness 
Os'citant, a. yawning, sleepy, sluggish 
Osculation, s. the act of kissing 
O'sier, s. a tree of the willow kind 
Os'seous, a. bony, like bone ; hard 
Os'sicle, i. a small bone. 

Ossification, s. a change into bony substance 
Os'sifrage, s. a kind of eagle 
Os'sify, v. a. to change to bone 
Ossiv'orous, a. devouring bones 
Os'suary, s. a charnel-house 
Ost, or Oust, s. a vessel to dry malt on 
Ostensible, a. that may be shown, apparent 
Osten'sive, a. showing, betokening 
Oste'nt, s. air, manner, show ; a portent 
Ostentation, s. an outward or vain show 
Ostentatious, a. boastful, vain, fond of 

show, fond to expose to view 
Osteol'ogy, /. a description of the bones 
Os'tiary, s. the mouth of a river 
Ost'ler, s. one who takes care of horses 
Ostracism, s. a passing sentence by ballot ;,- 

banishment ; public censure by shells 
Ost'rich, s. a very large African fowl 
Otacous'tic, x. an instrument to facilitate or 

improve the sense of hearing 
Other, pron. not the same ; not I, nor he 
Otherwise, ad. in a different manner 
Otter, s. an amphibious animal 
Ottoman, a. belonging to the Turks 
O'val, a. oblong, shaped like an egg 
Ova'rious, a. consisting of, or like, eggs 
O'vary, s. the seat of eggs, or impregnation 
Ovation, s. a lesser kind of Roman triumph 
Ov'en, s. an arched place for baking in 
O'xer, prep, and ad. above ; across 
Overa'ct, v. a. to act more than enough 
Overanx'ious, a. too careful 
Overa'rch, v. a. to cover as with an arch 
Overa'we, v- a. to keep in awe, to terrify 
Overbalance, v. a. to preponderate 
Overbe'ar, v. a. to subdue, to bear down A 
Overbi'd, v. a. to offer more than the value 
Q'verboard, ad. off or out of the ship 
Overbo'il, v. a. to boil too much 
O'verbold, a. impudent, daring, audacious 
Overbur'den, v. a. to load too much 
Overcar'ry, v. a. to hurry too far 
Overca'st, a. clouded ...v. a. to darken 
Overcharge, v. a. to charge too high ; to 

cloy ; to crowd too much ; to burden 
Overclo'ud, v. a. to cover with clouds 
Overco'me, v. a. to subdue, to vanquish 
Overco'unt, v. a. to rate above the true value 
Overdo', v. a. to do more than enough 
Overdri've, v. a. to drive too hard or fast 
Overey'e, v. a. to superintend ; to remark 
Overfe'ed, v. a. to feed too much, to crarr* 
Overflow', v. to be full ; to deluge 
Overflowing, s. exuberance, copiousness 
O'vergrown } part. a grown too big 
O'vergrpwth, s. exuberant growth 
O'verhale, ?j, a. to examine over again 
O'verhead, ad. aloft, above in the zenith 
Overhe'ar, v. a. to hear privately, or by chance 
Overhe/at, v. a. to hear too much 

O V E 

1 60 


Overjo'y, v. a. to transport— s. ecstacy 
Overla'de, v. a. to overburden, to overload 
Overla'y, v. a. to smother, to cover over 
Overle'ap, v. a. to leap or jump over 
Overlo'ad, v. a. to burden with too much 
Overlo'ng, a. too long, longer than is meet 
Overloo'k, v. a. to superintend ; view from a 
higher place ; pass by indulgently ; peruse 
Overmasted, a. having too much mast 
O'vermatch, v. a. to be too powerful 
Overmu'ch, a. too much, more than enough 
O'vernight, s. night before bed time 
Overpa'ss, v. a. to omit, overlook, cross 
Overpa'y, 11. a. to pay more than the price 
Overpe'er, v. a. to overlook ; hover above 
O'verplus, s. what is more than sufficient 
O'verpoise, v. a. to outweigh, preponderate 
Overpow'er, v. a. to oppress by power 
Overpre'ss, v. a. to crush, to overwhelm 
Overpri'ze, v. a. to value at too high a price 
Overra'nk, a. too rank 
Overra'te, v. a. to rate at too much 
Overre'ach, v. to deceive ; to go beyond 
Overri'pen, v. to make too ripe 
Mverro'ast, v. a. to roast too much 
Overru'le, v. a. to superintend, to supersede 
Overru'n, v. a. to ravage ; outrun ; overspread 
Overse'e, v. a. to superintend, to overlook 
Cverse'er, s. one who overlooks ; a parish 

officer who has the care of the poor 
Overse't, v. to turn the bottom upwards, to 
throw off the basis, to overturn, to subvert 
Oversha'de, v. a. to cover with darkness 
Overshad'ow, v.a. to shelter, cover,to protect 
Overshoo't, v. n. to fly beyond the mark 
Oversight, 1. mistake ; superintendence 
Oversi'ze, v.a. to surpass in bulk ; to plaster 
Overski'p, v. a. to pass by leaping ; to neglect 
Oversle'ep, v. a. to sleep too long 
Oversli'p, v. a. to pass undone, to neglect 
Overspre'ad, v. a. to cover over, scatter over 
Oversta'nd, v.aXo stand too much upon terms 
Overstock, v. a. to fill too full, to crowd 
Overstra'in, v. to stretch too far 
Overswa'y> v. a. to overrule, to bear down. 
Overswe'll, v. a. to rise above 
O'vert, a. open, manifest, public, apparent 
Overta'ke, v. a. to come up with in a pursuit 
Overthro'w, v.a. to ruin, defeat, overturn 
Overthwa'rt, a. opposite, perverse, adverse 
Overthwart'ness, /. pervicacity, perversenes$ 
O'vertly, ad. openly, publicly, manifestly 
Overtoo'kjpm. and part. pais, of to overtake 
Overto'p, v. a. to rise above ; excel, surpass 
Overtri'p, v. a. to walk lightly over 
O'verture, s- an opening, disclosure, discove- 
ry, proposal ; a flourish of music before 
the scenes are opened in a play 
Overtu'rn, v. a. to throw down ; overpower 
Overvalue, v. a. to rate at too high a price 

Overve'il, v. a. to veil or cover over 
Overwe'ak, a. too weak, too feeble 
Overwe'en, v. n. to think too highly 
O'verweight, s. more than weight 
Overwhe'lm, v. to crush ; to fill too much 
Overwi'se, a. wise to affectation 
Overwrought, part, laboured too much 
Overwo'rn,/><m. worn out, spoiled by time 
Ought, s. any thing, something. This word 

is more properly written, aught 
Ought, pre t. of to trwe } should ; to be fit 
Ovip'arous, a. bringing forth eggs 
Ounce, s. a weight ; a lynx, a panther 
Our, pron. pass, pertaining to us 
Ourse'lves,p?-<w. recip. we, us, not others 
Oust, v. a. to vacate ; take away ; to cast out 
Out, ad. not within, not at home ; not in 

affairs j to the end ; loudly ; at a loss 
Outa'cl, v. a. to do beyond, to exceed 
Outbalance, v. a. to overweigh 3 preponderate 
Outbi'd, v. a. to bid more than another 
Oufbound, a. destined to a distant voyage 
Outbra've, v. a. to silence or outdo by a 

more splendid or insolent appearance 
Outbra'zen,i>. a. to bear down by impudence 
Out'break, s. an eruption, a breaking out 
Out'cast, /. an exile, one rejected 
Outcraf't, v. a. to excel in cunning 
Out'cry, s. a cry of distress, noise, clamour 
Outda're, v. a. to venture or dare beyond 
Outdo', v.a. to excel, to surpass, to go beyon<J 
Out'er, a. that which is without, outward 
Out'ermost, a. remotest from the midst 
Outfa'ce, v. a. to brave or stare down 
Out'fal, s . a canal ; a fall of water ; a quarrel 
Outfly', v. a. to leave behind ; to fly beyond 
Out'gate, s. an outlet, a passage outward 
Outgi've, v. a. to surpass in giving 
Outgo', v. a. to surpass, to excel, circumvent 
Outgro'w, v. a. to surpass in growth 
Out'guard, s. the advanced guard 
Outkna've, v. a. to surpass in knavery 
Outland'ish, a. foreign, not native 
Out'law, s. one excluded from the benefit of 

the law ; a plunderer, a robber, a bandit 
Out'law ry, s. a decree by which a man is cut 

off from the community, the law, &c 
Outle'ap, v. a. to surpass in leaping 
Out'let, s. a passage or discharge outward 
Out'line, s. the line by which any figure is 

defined ; contour ; extremity 
Outii've, v. a. to survive, to live beyond 
Outloo'k, v. a- to face down, to browbeat 
Out'lying, part. a. not in the course of order 
Outmar'ch, v. a. to march quicker 
Outmeas'ure, v. a. to exceed in measure 
Out'most, a. the most outward 
Outnum'ber, v. a. to exceed in number 
Outpa'ce, v. a. to outgo, to leave behind 
Oui'parishj s. a parish without the walls 

P A C 


Outpri'ze, v. a. to prize or value too highly 
Out'rage, s. violence, tumultuous mischief 
Out'rage, v. to commit exorbitances j to in- 
sult roughly and contumeiiously 
Cutra'geous, a. violent, furious, excessive 
Outre'ach, v. a. to go beyond, exceed ; cheat 
Cutri'de, v. a. to pass by riding 
Outri'ght, ad. immediately ; completely 
Outro'ar, v. a. to exceed in roaring 
Out'rode. s. an excursion 
Outro'ot, v. a. to root up, to eradicate 
Oulru'n, v. a. to leave behind in running 
Outsa'il, v. a. to leave behind in sailing 
Outsco'rn, v. a. to bear down by contempt 
Outsell, v. a. to sell for a higher price 
Outshi'ne, v. a. to emit lustre, excel in lustre 
Outshoo't, v. a. to exceed in shooting 
Out'side, j. external part, outer part ; show 
Outsi't, -v. a. to sit beyond the due time 
Outsle'ep,i>. to sleep beyond proper time 
Outspre'ad, v. a. to extend, to diffuse 
Outsta're, v. a. to browbeat, to face down 
Outstretch, v. a. to extend, to spread out 
Outstri'p, v. a. to outgo, to leave behind 
Outswe'ar, v. a. to overpower by swearing 
Outta'ik, v. a. to overpower by talk 
Outto'ngue, v. a. to bear down by noise 
Outval'ue, v. a. to transcend in price 
Outvi'e, v. a. to exceed, to surpass, to excel 
Outvo'te, v.a. to conquer by plurality of votes 

Outwa'lk, v. a. to leave one in walking 
Out'wall, s. outward part of a building 
Out'w3rd, a. external, foreign, apparent 
Out'ward, ad. to foreign or cuter parts 
Out'wardlyjfl^. in appearance, not sincerely ; 

externally, opposed to inwardly 
Out'wards, ad. towards the out parts 
Outwe'ar,i>. a. to pass tediously 
Outwe'igh, v. a. to exceed in weight, &c. 
Outwi't, v. a. to overcome by stratagem 
Out'works, s. externals uf a fortification 
Outwo'rn, part, destroyed by use or age 
Owe, v. a. to bs indebted ; to be obliged 
Owl, Owi'et, s. a bird that fiies by night 
Owl'er, s. one who exports wool or other 

goods contrary to the law of the land 
Own, pron. my own, his own 
Own, v. a. to acknowledge, to avow 
Own'er, s. one to whom a thing belongs 
Ow'nership, s. property, rightful possession 
Owse, s. bark of young oak beaten small 
Ows'er, s. bark and water mixed in a tanpit 
Ox, s. pi. Ox'en, a castrated bull or bulls 
Ox'gang, of land, s. twenty acres 
Ox'lip, i. the cowslip, a vernal flower 
Ox'ycrate, s. a mixture of vinegar and water 
Ox'ymel, s. a mixture of vinegar and honey 
Oy'er, v. n. to hearty, a court, a commission 
Oye's, s. hear ye 
Oy'ster, s. a bivalve shell-fis> 


PIS used as an abbreviation ; in physi- 
cal recipes it signifies pugil, or the 

eighth part of a handful ; P. M. with 

astronomers, for post meridiem,zfternooii ; 

P. in music books, for piano, soft j P. P. 

for piupiano,z little more soft than piano ; 

P. P. P. for pianissimo, extremely soft or 

PabAilar, Pab'ulous, a. affording provender 
Pa'cated, a. appeased, made placable 
Pace, s. step, gait ; measure of five feet 
Pace, v. to move slowly ; to measure by steps 
Pa'cer, s. one who paces, a horse 
Pacific, a. mild, gentle, appeasing 
Pacinca'tion, s. the aft of making peace 
Pacifica'tor, s. a mediatoi, or peacemaker 
Pa'cifier, j. one who pacifies or appeases 
Pa'cify, v. a. to appease, to compose 
Pack, s. a bundle tied up for carriage ; a set 

of cards ; a number of hounds, &c. 
Pack, v. to bind or tie up goods ; to sort cards 
Pack'age, s. a charge, or wrapper for packing 
Psck'cloth,;. cloth in which goods are tied 

Pack'er, s. one who. binds up bales, &c. * 
Pack'et, s. a small pack ; a mail of letters 
Pack'horse, /. a horse of burden 
Pack'saddle, ;• a saddle to carry burdens 
| Pack'thread, s. a thread used in packing 
Pact, Paction, s. a bargain, a covenant 
Pad, s. an easy-paced horse ; a foot robber 
Pad, v. n. to travel gently ; to rob on foot 
Pad'ar, s. grouts, coarse flour 
Pad'dle, v. n. to play in the water ; to row 
Pid'dle, s. an oar used by a single rower 
Pad'dcck, /. a toad or frog, small enclosure 
Pad'lock, s. a pendent, or hanging lock 
Pad'lock, v. a. to fasten with a padlock 
Pas'an, /. a song of triumph or praise 
Psedobap'tism, s. infant baptism 
Pa'gan, s- a heathen...^, heathenish 
Pa'ganism, /. heathenism 
Page, s. one side of the leaf of a book ; a boy 

attending on a great person 
Page, v. a. to mark the pages of a book 
1'a'geant, s. any show ; a spectacle of enter* 

ta-wimerjt'j a statue m a show 



Pa'geant, a. showy, pompous, ostentatious 
Pa'geantry, s. pomp, ostentation, show 
Pa'ginal, a. consisting of pages 
Pa'god, s. an Indian idol, or its temple 
Vaid, pret. and part. pass, of to pay 
Pail, s. a wooden vessel for water, &c. 
Pain, s. sensation of uneasiness, punishment 
Pain, v. a. to afflict, torment, make uneasy 
Pain'ful, a. full of pain, afflictive, difficult 
Pain'fully, ad. with great pain, laboriously 
Pain'fulness, s. affliction, laboriousness 
Pain'im, s. an infidel, a pagan 
Pain'less, a. without pain or trouble 
Pains'taker, s. a laborious person 
Pains'taking, a. laborious, industrious 
Paint, s. colours for painting 
Paint, v. a. to represent, colour, describe 
Paint'er, s. one who professes painting 
Paint'ing, .f. the art of representing objects 

by delineation and colours ; a picture 
Pair, s. two things suiting one another 
Pair, v. a. to join in couples, to suit, to unite 
Pal'ace, s. a royal or splendid house 
Pala'cious, a. royal, noble, grand 
Palanqui'n, s. an Indian sedan or chair 
Pal'atable, a. pleasing to the taste 
Pal'ate, s. instrument of taste, mental relish 
Palat'ic, a. belonging to the palate 
Palat'inate, s. a large province of Germany, 
divided into the upper and lower ; the up- 
per is called the palatinate of F>avaria, and 
the lower the palatinate of the Rhine ; the 
jurisdiction of a Count Palatine 
Pal'atines, s. the inhabitants of a palatine 
Pale, a. wan, whitish...;, a jurisdiction ; an 
enclosure ; a flat stake stuck in the ground •, 
the third and middle part of a scutcheon 
Pale, v. a. to enclose with pales, encompass 
Pa'lefaced, a. having the face wan, pale 
pal'endar, s, a kind of coasting vessel 
pa'leous, a. husky, chaffy 
Pa'leness,;. wanness, want of colour 
Pal'ette, s. a light board for painter's colours 
Pal'frey, s. a small horse trained for ladies 
Pal'freyed, a. riding on a palfrey 
Pal'inode, Pal'inody, s. a recantation 
Palisa'de, Palisa'do, s. pales set for enclosure 
Pa'lish, a. somewhat pale, sickly 
Pall, s. a cloak or mantle of state ; a cover- 
ing thrown over the dead 
Pall, v. to become insipid, to cloy ; weaken 
Pal'lat, s. a nut of a watch 
Pallet, /. a small or mean bed 
Parliament, f. a robe, a dress, a garment 
Palliate, v. a. to excuse, to extenuate, ease 
Pallia'tion, s. a mitigating, imperfect cure 
Palliative, a. extenuating, mitigating 
Pal'lid, a. pale, not high coloured 
Pallmall, s . a game with a ball and mallet 
Palm, s. a tree; triumph ; part of the hand 

Palm, v.a. to hide in the hand, cheat, impose 
Palm'ar, a. relating to a hand's breadth 
Palm'er, s. a pilgrim ; deer's crown ; cheat 
Palmet'to, s. a species of the palm-tree 
Palmif'erous, a. bearing palms 
Pal'mipede, a. webfooted, as swans, &c. 
Palmistry, s. the cheat of fortune-telling by 

lines in the palm of the hand 
Palm'y, a. bearing or having palms 
Palpability, s. a palpable quality 
Palp'able, a. that may be felt ; plain ; gross 
Pal'pahly, ad. plainly, evidently 
Pal'pitate, v. a. to beat as the heart, flutter 
Palpita'tion, s. a throbbing of the heart 
Pals'grave, s. a German title of honour 
Pal'sical, Pal'sied, a. afflicted with the palsy 
Pal'sy, s. a privation of the sense of feeling 
Pal'ter, v. to shift, to dodge, to squander 
Pam, s. the knave of clubs 
Pam'per, v. a. to feed luxuriously, to glut 
Pam/phlet, s. a small stitched book 
Pamphlete'er, s. a writer of pamphlets 
Pan, /. a vessel of various metals, &c. 
Panace'a, s. an universal medicine ; an herb 
Pana'da, Pana'do, s. bread boiled in water 
Pan'cake, s. thin batter fried in a pan 
Pancrat'ical, a. excelling in all the gymnas- 
tic exercises 
Pan'creas, s. the sweetbread of an animal 
Pan'cy, or Pan'sy, s. a kind of violet 
Pan'dect, s. a complete treatise on any science 
Pandemo'nium, s. the great hall, or council 

chamber of devils 
Pandemic, a. incident to a whole people 
Pan'der, s. a pimp, a male bawd, a procurer 
Pandiculation, s. a yawning and stretching 
Pan'durated, a. having furrowed stalks 
Pane, s. a square of glass, wainscot, &c. 
Panegyr'ic, s. an eulogy, encomium, praise 
Panegyrical, a. bestowing praise 
Panegyrist, s. a writer of panegyrics 
Pan'el, s. a square of wainscot, &c. a roll of 

jurors' names provided by the sheriff 
Pang, s. violent and sudden pain 
Panic, a. violent fright without cause 
Panic, j. sudden, causeless consternation 
Panna'de, s. the curvet of a horse 
Pan'nel, s. a kind of rustic saddle 
Pan'nier, s. a basket carried on horses 
Pan'oply, s. complete armour or harness 
Pantj-u. n.tobeat as the heart ; wish earnestly 
Pantaloo'n, s. a man's garment ; a buffoon 
Panthe'on, s. a temple of all the gods 
Pan'ther, s. a spotted wild beast, a pard 
Pan'tile, or Pen'tile, s. a gutter tile 
Pantler, s. one who, in a great family, keeps 

the bread 
Pan'tomime, s. a tale exhibited only in ges- 
ture and dumb show ; a scene 
Pan'tofle, /. a slipper 




Pan'try, s. a room, &c. for provisions 
Pap, s. the nipple; food for infants ; pulp 
Papa', s. a fond name for father 
Pa'pacy, s. the popedom, popish dignity 
Pa'pal, a. belonging to the pope, popish 
Papav'erous, a. resembling poppies 
Pa'per, j. a substance made from rags 
Pa'per, v. a. to hang a place with paper 
Pa'permaker, s. one who makes paper 
Pa'permill, s. a mill to make paper in 
Pa'perstainer, s. one who colours paper 
Papil'io, s a moth of various colours 
Papillary, Papil'lous, a. resembling paps 
Pa'pist, s. one who adheres to popery 
Papistical, a. popish, adhering to popery 
Pap'py, a. soft, succulent, easily divided 
Par, s. a state of equality, equivalence 
Par'able, s. a similitude; figurative speech 
Parab'ola, /. one of the conic sections 
Parabolical, a. expressed by a parable, &c. 
Parabolical ly, ad. allusively 
Parab'olism, s. in algebra, the division of the 
terms of an equation, by a known quanti- 
ty involved or multiplied in the first term 
Paracen'trical, a. deviating from circularity 
Parachronism, s. an error in chronology 
Par'aclete, s. a comforter, an intercessor 
Para'de, ;. military order, guard, show 
Par'adise, s. the blissful regions, heaven 
Paradisi'acal, a. suiting, or making paradise 
Par'adox, j. a proposition seemingly wrong 
or absurd, but not really so ; an assertion 
contrary to appearance 
Paradoxical, a. inclined to new tenets, &c. 
Par'adrome, ;, an open gallery or passage 
Par'agon, s. something supremely excellent; 

a model, pattern ; companion, fellow 
Par'agraph, s. a distinct part of a discourse 
Parallactic, a. pertaining to a parallax 
Par'allax, s. the distance between the true 

and apparent place of any star, &c. 
Par'allel, s, lines continuing their course and 
still preserving the same distance from 
each other ; resemblance ; conformity 
Par'allel, a. in the same direction, equal 
Par'allelism, s. state of being parallel 
Parallel'ogram, s. a right lined quadrilateral 
figure, whose opposite sides are parallel 
and equal 
Paralogism, Paralogy, ;. false argument 
Paralysis, s. a palsy 
Paralytic, a. palsied, inclined to palsy 
Paramo'unt, s. the chief...a. superior 
Par'amour, s. a lover or mistress 
Par'anymph, s. a brideman ; a supporter 
Par'apet, s. a wall breast high 
Paraphernalia, s. goods in a wife's disposal 
Par'aphrase, s. an explanation in many 

words...?;, a. to translate loosely 
Par'aphrast, ;. a lax or loose interpreter 

Paraphras'tical, a. not literal, not verbal 
Par'asang, s. a Persian measure of length 
Par'asite, s. a flatterer of rich men 
Parasitical, a. flattering, wheedling 
Par'asol, j. a small canopy carried over the 

head to guard against the sun 
Parboil, v. a. to half boil 
Par'cel, s. a small bundle, lot, quantity 
Par'cel, v. a. to divide into portions 
Par'cenery, s. a joint tenure or inheritance 
Parch, v. to burn slightly, to scorch, dry up 
Parch'ment, s. skins dressed for writing on 
Pard, Par'dale, s. a leopard, a spotted beast 
Par'don, s. forgiveness, remission 
Par'don, -v. a. to excuse, to forgive, to remit 
Par'donable, a. that may be pardoned 
Par'donably, ad. excusably, venially 
Pare, v. a. to cut off the surface, to cut off 

by little and little, to diminish 
Paregoric, or Paragorlc, a. having the power 

in medicine to mollify, assuage, &c. 
Parenchymatous, a. spongy, soft 
Pa'rent, s. a father or mother 
Pa'rentage, s. birth, extraction, descent 
Parent'al, a. pertaining to parents 
Paren'thesis, /. the marks thus ( ), that in~ 
elude a clause that is put into a sentence, 
which may be left out in reading, and thfr 
sense remain entire 
Parenticide, s. a killing a father or mother 
Pa'rer, s. a tool to cut away the surface 
Par'ergy, s. something unimportant 
Par'get, s. a plaster. ...v. a. to plaster 
Parhelion, s. a mock sun 
Pa'rian-marble, s. an excellent white marble 
Pari'etal, a. constituting sides or walls 
Parillty, s. resemblance, proportion 
Paring, s. what is pared off, the rind 
Parish, s. a district or division of land under 

a priest having the cure of souls 
Parishioner,;, one that belongs to the parish 
Parisian,;, a native or inhabitant of Paris 
Parisyllablcal, a. having equal syllables 
Parity, 1. equality, resemblance, likeness 
Park, ;. an enclosure for beasts of chase 
Parley, or Parle, ;. conversation, oral treaty 
Parley, v. n. to treat by word of mouth 
Parliament, ;. the assembly of the three es- 
tates, the King, Lords, and Commons 
Parliamentary, a. enacted by parliament, 

suiting or pertaining to parliament 
Parlour, ;. a lower room for entertainments 
Parlous, a. shrewd, subtle, waggish 
Paro'chlal, a. pertaining to a parish 
Par'ody, ;. change of another's words 
Par'ody, v. a. to copy by way of parody 
Parole, ;. word given as an assurance 
Paron'ymous, a. resembling another word 
Paroque't, ;. a small species of parrot 
Psrot'ii, a. salivary ; near the ears 



Par'oxysm, s. periodical return of a fit, &c 
Parrici'dal, a. relating to parricide 
Par'ricide, s. one who murders his father 
Par'rot, s. a well-known bird 
Par'ry, v. n. to put by thrusts, to ward off 
Parse, v. a. to resolve by grammar rules 
Parsimo'nious, a. covetous, saving, frugal 
Parsimo'niously, ad. frugally, covetously 
Par'simony, .■. niggardliness, covetousness 
Par'sley, s. a well-known herb 
Par'snip, s. an edible root 
Par'son, s. a clergyman, priest, minister 
Par'sonage, s. a parson's benefice or house 
Part, s. a portion, something less than the 

whole, share, concern, party, member 
Part, v. to separate, keep asunder ; go away 
Part'age, s. division, aft of sharing 
Parta'ke, v. to participate, have part in 
Parta'ker, s. an associate, a sharer 
Parte'rre, s. a level ground, a flower garden 
Par'tia!, a. inclined to favour one party more 

than the other; affecting only one part 
Partial 'ity, /. an unequal judgment 
Par'tialize, v. a. to make partial 
Par'tially, ad. with unjust favour 
Participant, a. having share or part 
Participate, <u. to partake, to share 
Participation, s. a sharing of something 
Particip'ial, a,, of the nature of a participle 
Par'ticiple, s. a word partaking at once of 

the qualities of a noun and a verb 
Par'ticle, s. a small portion of a great sub- 
stance ; a small undeclinable word 
Particular, a. individual, singular, odd 
Particular, s. a single instance or point 
Particularity, s. something particular 
Fartic'ularize, v. a. to mention distinctly 
Particularly, ad. distinctly, peculiarly 
Partisa'n, s. an adherent to a party; a pike 
Partition, j. the act: of dividing, division 
Partition, v. a. to divide into distinct parts 
Part'let, s. a hen ; a ruff or band 
Part'ly, ad. in part, in some measure 
Part'ner, s. a sharer ; a dancing mate, &c. 
Partnership, s. a joint interest or property 
Partoo'k, pret. of to partake 
Par'tridge, /. a bird of game 
Parts,/, qualities, faculties, districts 
Partu'rient, a. about to bring forth 
Parturi'tion, s. a parturient state 
Par'ty, s. an assembly ; cause; detachment 
Par'tycoloured, a. having different colours 
Par'ty-jury, ;. a jury in some trials, half fo- 
reigners and half natives 
Par'vitude, Par'vity, s. minuteness 
Pas, s. the right of precedence or priority 
Pas'chal, a. relating to the passover 
Pas'quin, Pasquina'de, s. a lampoon 
Pass, v. to go beyond ; to vanish ; to enact 
a law j to omit; to thrust; to be current 

Pass, s. a narrow entrance ; licence to go 
Pass'able, a. possible to be passed, tolerable 
Passa'de, Passa'do, s. a push, a thrust 
Pass'age,;. act of passing; journey, incident j 

road ; narrow street ; part of a book 
Pass'enger, s. a traveller, a wayfarer, one 

who hires a place in a carriage 
Passibil'ity, s. the quality of receiving im- 
pressions from external agents 
Pas'sible, a. that may be impressed 
Pass'ing, part. a. supreme, eminent 
Passing-be'll, s. the death beil for a person 
Pas'sion, s. anger, love, ardour, suffering 
Pas'sion.week, j. the week before Easter 
Pas'sionate, a. easily moved to anger 
Pas'sionately, ad. with desire, angrily 
Pas'sive, a. unresisting, suffering 
Pas'siveness, Passiv'ity, s. passibility 
Pass'over, /. a solemn festival of the Jews 
Pass'port, s. permission, in writing, to pass 
Past, part. a. not present, not to come, un- 
dergone, gone through, spent 
Paste, s. any viscous, tenacious mixture 
Pasteboard, s. a thick kind of paper 
Pas'tern, s. the knee of a horse, the leg 
Pas'tilj s. a roll of paste, a crayon 
Pas'time, s. sport, recreation, diversion 
Pas'tinate, v. n. to dig in a garden 
Pas'tor, s. a shepherd, a clergyman who has 

the care of a flock 
Pas'toral, a. rural, rustic, like shepherds 
Pas'toral, /. a rural poem, a bucolic 
Pa'stry, s. pies or baked paste 
Pa'strycook, s. one who makes pastry 
Pas'turable, ^r. fit for pasture 
Pas'turage, s. grounds grazed by cattle 
Pas'ture, s. land on which cattle feed : food 
Pas'ty, s. a pie of crust raised without a dish 
Pat, a. fit, convenient, exactly suitable 
Pat, v. a. to strike lightly...*, a light blow 
Pataco'on, s. a Spanish coin value 4s. 8d. 
Patch, v. to mend, to piece, put on patches 
Patcb'work > s. small pieces of different co* 

lours sewed interchangeably together 
Pate, s. the head 

Patefac'tion, s. the act or state of opening 
Fat'en, s. a plate used for bread at the altar 
Pat'ent, a. open to the perusal of all 
Pa'tent, s. an exclusive right or privilege 
Patentee', f. one who has a patent 
Pater'nal, a. fatherly, hereditary 
Pater-nos'ter, s. the Lord's prayer 
Fath, Path'way,*. way, road, track 
Pathet'ic, Pathet'ical, a.. moving the passions 

or affections, passionate 
Pathet'ically, ad. in a moving manner 
Path'less, a. untrodden, not known 
Pathol'ogy, s. a part of physic which con- 
siders diseases, their natures, causes, 
symptoms, &c 



Pa'thos, s. warmth, passion, feeling 
Pat'ible, a. sufferable, tolerable 
Pa'tience, /. calmness of mind, endurance 
Pa'tient, a. not easily moved or provoked 
Pa'tient, s. a diseased person, under the 

care of another 
Pa'tiently, ad, with patience, quietly 
Patlne, s. the cover of a chalice 
Fat'ly, ad. fitly, opportunely, suitably 
Pa'triarch, s. a head of a family or church 
Patriarch'al, a. pertaining to patriarchs 
Patriarchate, s. jurisdiction of a patriarch 
Patri'cian, a. senatorial...*, a nobleman 
Patrimo'nial, a. possessed by inheritance 
Pat'rimony, s. an estate, &c. possessed by 

inheritance from a father or mother 
Pat'riot, s. a real lover of his country 
Patriot'ic, a, having patriotism 
Patriotism, s. love or zeal for one's country 
Patro'cinate, v. a. to patronize, to protect 
Patrol, s. a guard to walk the streets 
Pa'tron, s. an advocate, a supporter 
Pat'ronage, s. protection, support, defence 
Patro'nal, a. protecting, supporting 
Pat'roness, s. a female patron 
Pat'ronize, v. a. to support, to defend 
Patronym'ic, s. a name from father, &c. 
Pat'ten, s. a clog shod with an iron ring 
Pat'tepan, s. a pan to bake small pies in 
Pat'ter, v. n. to make a noise like hail 
Pat'tern,*. a specimen, archetype, m^del 
Pav'an, or Pav'in, s. a kind of light dance 
Pau'city, s. smallness of number, &c. 
Pave, v. a. to floor with stones, &c. 
Pa'vement, s. a stone or brick floor, &c 
Pa'ver, or 1'a'vier, s. one who lays stones 
Pavilion, s. a tent, a temporary house 
Paunch, ;. the belly, abdominal regions 
Pau'per, s. a poor person who receives alms 
Pause, j. a stop, a break../y. n. to consider 
Paw, s. the foot of a beast; hand 
Paw, v. a. to handle roughly, fawn, flatter 
Pawn, v. a. to pledge, to give in pledge 
Pawnbroker, s. one who lends on pawns 
Pay, s. wages, hire, money for services 
Pay, v. a. to discharge a debt, reward, beat 
Pay'able, a. due, that ought to be paid 
Pay'ment, s. the aft of payment; a reward 
Pea, s. a well-known kind of pulse 
Peace, j. respite from war, rest, silence 
Peace, inter, silence, stop 
Peace'able, a. not turbulent, free from war 
Peace'ableness, s. a quiet disposition 
Peace'ably, ad. without tumult or war 
Peace'ful, a. pacific, mild, undisturbed 
Peacefully, ad. quietly, mildly, gently 
Peach, s. a delicious fruit...-u. n. to accuse 
Peach'coloured, a. of a colour like a peach 
Pea'chick, s. the chicken of a peacock 
Pea'cock, s. a fowl of beautiful plumage 

Pea'hen, s. the female of the peacock 
Peak, j. the top of a hill ; any thing point* 

ed; the fore part of a head-dress 
Peak, v. n. to look sickly or weakly ; to sneak 
Peak'ing, part. a. sickly, poorly ; sneaking 
Peal, s. a loud soud, as of bells, &c. 
Pear, s. a fruit of 84 different species 
Pearl, s. a precious gem ; a film on the ey£ 
Pear'ly, a. abounding with or like pearls 
Pear'main,/. a kind of apple 
Pear'tree, s. the tree that bears pears 
Peas'ant, s. one who lives by rural labour 
Peas'antry, s. peasants, country people 
Pease, or Peas, s. plural of pea 
Pease'-cod, s. the shell or husk of peas 
Peat, s. a species of turf for firing 
Peb'ble, Peb'blestone, s. a sort of stone 
Peb'bly, a. full of pebbles 
Peccability, s. a being subject to sin. 
Pec'cable, a. incident or liable to sin 
Peccadillo, s. a small fault, a crime 
PeCcancy, s. bad quality 
Pec'cant, a. criminal, ill-disposed, bad 
Pecca'vi, s. acknowledging a fault 
Peck, s. the fourth part of a bushel 
Peck, v. a. to pick up food with the beak 
Peck'er, s. one that pecks ; a bird 
Pec'tinated, a. formed like a comb 
Pec'toral,^. pertaining to the breast 
Pectoral, s. a medicine proper to strengthen 

the stomach, &c. ; a breast plate 
Pec'ulate, v. n. to defraud the public 
Peculation, s. theft of public money 
Pecu'liar, /. the exclusive property 
Peculiar, a. particular, proper, appropriate 
Peculiarity, s. particularity, oddness 
Peculiarly, ad. particularly, singly 
Pecu'niary, a. pertaining to money 
Ped, s . a small pack-saddle, hamper, basket 
Ped'agogue, /. a schoolmaster, a pedant 
Pe'dal, a. pertaining to a foot 
Pe'dals, s. the large pipes of an organ 
Ped'ant, s. one awkwardly ostentatious of' 

literature, one vain of low knowledge 
Pedant'ic, a. like a pedant, conceited 
Ped'antry, s. ostentation of shewing needless. 

literature, pedanticness 
Ped'dle, v. n. to be husy about trifles 
Pedere'ro, Patere'ro, s. a small ship gun 
Ped'estal, s. the basis or foot of a statue 
Pedes'trial, Pedes'trious, a. going on foot 
Ped'icle, 1. the foot stalk of fruit, &c 
Pedicular, Pediculous, a. lousy 
Ped'igree, s. genealogy, lineage, descent 
Pediment, s. an ornamental projection, &c. 
Pedler, s. one who travels about the country 

to sell petty commodities 
Pedlery, s. wares sold by pedlers 
Pedling, s. trifling, petty or paltry dealing 
Peel, v, a. to pare, take the rind off} to job 




Peel, s. the rind; a board used by bakers 
Peep, s. a sly look, first faint appearance 
Peer, ;. an equal, fellow ; nobleman 
Peer, v. n. to come just in sight, to peep 
Peer'age, Peer'dom, s. dignity of a peer 
Peer'ess, s. wife of a peer, a lady ennobled 
Peer'lessness, s. universal superiority 
Peer'Iess, a. unequalled, having no peer 
Pee'vish, a. irritable, easily offended 
Pee'vishly,tfrf. angrily, querulously, morosely 
Peevishness, /. irascibility, fretfulness 
Peg, r. a wooden pin or fastener 
Peg, v- a. to fasten with a peg 
Pelf, s. money, riches, paltry stuff 
Pel'ican, s. there are two sorts of pelicans; 
one lives upon fish, and the other keeps in 
deserts, and feeds upon serpents ; the peli- 
can is supposed to admit its young to suck 
blood from its breast 
Pell, s. the skin cf a beast 
Pel'let, s. a little ball, a bullet 
Pel'licle, s. a thin skin, a film 
Pellme'Il, ad. confusedly, tumultuously 
Pells, s. an office in the Exchequer 
Pellu'cid, a. transparent, clear, bright 
Pelt, s. a skin, a hide.-.-y. a. to throw at 
Pelt'ing,parf. a. throwing stones, &c. ; paltry 
Pelt'monger, s. a dealer in new hides 
Pen, s. an instrument for writing; a fold 
Pen, v. a. to coop, to shut up ; to write 
Pe'nal, a. enacting punishment, vindictive 
Pen'alty, s. a punishment, forfeiture 
Pen'ance, s. an atonement, a mortification 
Pence, s. the plural of penny 
Pen'cil, s. a tool for drawing and painting 
Pen'dant, s. an ear-ring, ornament, flag 
Pen'dence, s. slopeness, inclination 
Pen^dency, s. suspense, delay of decision 
Pen'dent, a. hanging, jutting over 
Pen'ding, a. depending, undecided 
Pen'dulous, a. hanging, not supported below 
Pen'dulum, s. any weight hung to swing 

backwards and forwards, fee. 
Pen'etrable, a. that which may be penetrated 
Pen'etrail, /. interior parts ; the entrails 
Pen'etrant, a. having power to pierce 
Pen'etrate, v. to pierce, affect, understand 
Penetra'tion, s. sagacity, a piercing through 
Pen'etrative, a. piercing, acute, discerning 
Pen'guin, s. a bird like a goose ; a fruit 
Penin'sula, s. land almost surrounded by wa- 
ter, but joined by a neck of land to the 
main continent 
Pen'itence, s. repentance, sorrow for sin 
Pen'itent, a. repentant, contrite for sin 
Pen'itent, s. one sorrowful for sin 
Peniten'tial, a. expressing penitence 
Pen'itenlial, s. a book directing penance 
Peniten'tiary, ;. a confessor, one who does 
' penance; a place for hearing confession 

Pen'knife, s. a knife used to cut pens 
Pen'man, s. an author, a writer 
Pen'manship, s. the aft or art of writing 
Pen'nated, a. having wings 
Pen'nant, s. a rope to which a tackle is at- 
tached to hoist up boats, &c. ; a flag 
Pen'niless, a. moneyless, poor, distressed 
Pen'non, s. a small flag or banner 
Pen'ny, s. the twelfth part of a shilling 
Pen'nyweight, s. 24 grains troy weight 
Pennyworth, s. a good purchase, &c. 
Pen'sile, a. hanging, supported above ground 1 
Pen'sion, s. a settled annual allowance 
Pen'sionary, s. a magistrate in Dutch cities 
Pen'sionary, a. maintained by a pension 
Pensioner, s. one who receives a pension 
Pen'sive, a. sorrowfully thoughtful, serious 
Pen'siveness, s. gloomy thoughtfuiness 
Pent, part. pass, of to pen, shut up 
Pentacap'sular, a. having five cavities 
l-en'tachord, s. a five-stringed instrument 
Pentae'drous, a. having five sides 
Pentagon, s. a figure with five angles 
Peutag'onal, a. having five angles 
Pentam'eter, s. a verse of five feet 
Pentan'gular, a. five cornered 
Pentap'tote, s. a noun that has five cases 
Pen'tateuch, ;. the five books of Moses 
Pen'tecost, s . a feast of the Jews, so called 
from its being 50 days after Easter, trans^- 
ferred among Christians to the festival of 
Pentecostal, a. belonging to Whitsuntide 
Pent'house, ;. a sloping shed or roof 
Penul'tima, s. the last syllable but one 
Penum'bra, s. an imperfect shadow 
Penu'rious, a. sordidly mean, scant 
Penu'riousness, s. niggardliness, parsimony 
Pen'ury, s. poverty, indigence 
Pe'ople, s. a nation, persons in general 
Pe'ople, v. a. to stock with inhabitants 
Pepas'tic, s. a medicine to help digestion 
Pep'per, s. an aromatic warm spice 
Pep'percorn, s. any thing of trifling value 
Pep'permint, s. mint eminently hot 
Pep'tic, a. serving to concoct or digest 
Peracu'te, a. very sharp, very violent 
Peradven'ture, ad. perhaps, may be 
Per'agrate, v. a. to wander over 
Peram'bulate, v. a. to walk through 
Perambulation, s. a wandering survey 
Perceiv'able, a. that may be perceived 
Perce'ive, v. a. to discover, know, observe 
Perceptibility, s. the power of perceiving 
Perceptible, a. that may be observed 
Perception, s. the power of perceiving, idea 
Perceptive, a. able or tending to perceive 
Perch, s. a fish ; a measure of 5 yards and a 

half ; a bird's roost 
Perch, v. to sit or roost as a bird 



16 7 


Percha'nce, ad. perhaps, perad venture 
Percip'ient, a. perceiving, having the faculty 

or power of perception 
Per'colate, v. a. to strain through a sieve 
Percola'tion, /. the aft of straining 
Percu'ss, v. a. to strike 
Percus'sion, j. the aft of striking; stroke; 

efFeft of sound in the ear 
Percu'tient, a. striking, able to strike 
Perdi'tion, s. destruction, ruin, death 
Perdu'e, ad. close, lying in ambush 
Per'dulous > a. lost, thrown away 
Perdura'tion, /. long continuance 
Per'egrinate, v. n. totravel into far countries 
Peregrina'tion, s. a travel to foreign lands 
Per'egrine, a. foreign, not domestic 
Pere'mpt, v. a. to kill, to crush 
Peremption, s. crush, extinftion ; law term 
Per'emptorily, ad. absolutely, positively 
Peremptory, a. dogmatical, absolute 
Peren'nial, a. lasting a year ; perpetual 
Peren'nity, s. perpetuity, lastingness 
Per'feft, a. complete, pure, immaculate 
Per'feft, v. a. to finish, complete, instruft 
Perfec'tion, s. the state of being perfect 
Perfec'tive, a. conducing to perfection 
Fer'feftly, ad. totally, exaftly, accurately 
Per'feftness, s. completeness, goodness 
Perfid'ious, a. treacherous, false to trust 
Perfidiously, ad. by breach of faith 
Perfid'iousness, Perfidy, s. treachery 
Perflate, -v. a. to blow through 
Perforate, v. a. to pierce through, to bore 
Perforation, s. the aft of piercing; a hole 
Perforator, s. the instrument of boring 
Perfo'rce, ad. by force, violently 
Perfo'rm, v. to execute, to do, to achieve an 

undertaking, to succeed in an attempt 
Performance, s. completion of something 

designed, composition, aftion 
Perform'er, s. one who performs or plays 
Per'fricate, v. n. to rub over 
Perfu'me, /. a sweet odour, fragrance 
Perf u'mer, • . one who sells perfumes 
Perfunc'tory, a. slight, caieless, negligent 
Perfu'se, v. a. to tinfture, to overspread 
Perha'ps, ad. peradventure, it may be 
Pericranium, s. the pericranium is the mem- 
brane that covers the skull 
Perigee, Perige'um, s. that point of the 

heaven wherein the sun or any planet is 

nearest the centre of the earth 
Perihelium, /. that point of a planet's orbit 

wherein it is nearest the sun 
Per'il, s. danger, hazard, denunciation 
Perilous, a. hazardous, dangerous 
Perim'eter,/. circumference of a figure 
Pe'riod, s. a circuit ; epocha ; full stop 
Periodical, a. regular, at stated times 
Periodically, ad, at stated periods 

Peripatetic, a. relating to Aristotle 

Periphery, s. circumference 

Periphrasis, s. circumlocution ; the use of 

many words to express the sense of one 
Peripneu'mony, s. inflammation of the lungs 
Per'ish, v. to die, to be destroyed, to decay 
Perishable, a. subject to decay or perish 
Peristal'tic, a. worm-like, spiral 
Peristyle, s. a circular range of pillars 
Per'jure, Per'jurer, s. a forsworn person 
Perjury, s. the aft of swearing falsely 
Periwig, /. a wig, covering for the head 
Periwinkle, s. a kind of fish-snail 
Perk, v. to hold up the head affectedly 
Permanence, Perman'sion, s. duration 
Permanent, a. lasting, unchanged 
Permanently, ad. durably, lastingly 
Per'meable, a. that may be passed through 
Per'meant, a. passing through 
Permissible, a. such as may be mingled 
Permis'sible, a. what may be permitted 
Permis'sion, ;. grant of leave or liberty 
Permis'sive, a. granting mere liberty 
Permi't, v. a. to allow, to suffer, to give up 
Permi't, s. a warrant from officers of excise 

for the removal of tea, spirits, &c. 
Permuta'tion, s. an exchange, a barter 
Perni'cious, a. destructive, very hurtful 
Perni'ciously, ad. hurtfully, destruftively 
Perni'city, /. swiftness, celerity 
Perora'tion, ;. the close of an oration, &c. 
Perpe nd,-u. a. to consider attentively 
Perpendic'ular, a. that falls, hangs, or is di« 

reftly downwards 
Perpendic'ular, s. a level or plumb-line 
Perpen'sion, s. consideration 
Perpetrate, v. a. to commit a crime 
Perpetra'tion, s. the commission of a crimp 
Perpet'ual, a. never-ceasing, continual 
Perpetually, ad. continually, incessantly 
Perpet'uate, 7;. a. to make perpetual 
Perpetuity, s. duration to all futurity 
Perple'x, -v. a. to disturb with doubts, vex 
Perple'x, a. intricate, difficult 
Perplex/ed, part. a. confused, difficult 
Perplexity, /. anxiety, intricacy 
Per'quisite, s. a gift free of office, &c. 
Per'ry, s. wine or drink made of pears 
Per'secute, v. a. to oppress, vex, trouble 
Persecu'tion, s. the aft of persecuting 
Persecutor, s. an oppressor 
Perseve'rance, s. firmness, resolution 
Perseve're, v. n. to be steadfast, to persist 
Persian, a. of, from, or like Persia 
Persi'st, v. n. to persevere, to continue firm 
Persist'ence, *, obstinacy, contumacy 
Per'son, s. an individual; human being; the 

shape of the body ; exterior appearance 
Per'sonable, a. handsome, graceful 
Per'sQnage, s. a considerable person 



Per'sonal, a. pertaining to a person 
Personality, s. individuality of any one 
Personally, ad. in person, particularly 
Per'sonate, v. a. to counterfeit, to represent 
Personifita'tion, s. prosopopoeia, the change 

of things to persons 
Perspective, a. relating to vision, optical 
Perspec'tive, s . a spying-glass, view, visto 
Perspica'cious, a. quick*sighted, sharp 
Perspicacity, s. quickness of sight, &c. 
Fer'spicil, s. a glass through which things 

are viewed ; an optic glass 
Perspicu'ity, s. clearness* transparency 
Perspic'uous, a. transparent, not ambiguous 
Perspi'rable, a. emitted by the pores 
Perspira'tion, s. excretion by the pores 
Perspi're, v. n. to sweat or steam 
Persua'de, v. a. to bring to an opinion 
Persua'sible, a. that may be persuaded 
Persua'sion, s. the act of persuading 
Persua'sive, Persua'sory, a. able to persuade 
Persulta'tion, s. an eruption of the blood 
Pert, a. brisk, lively, saucy, petulant 
Perta'in, v. n. to belong, to relate 
Pertinacious, a. obstinate, stubborn, wilful 
Pertinaciously, ad. obstinately, stubbornly 
Pertina'city, /. obstinacy, resolution 
Per'tinence, s. fitness, appositeness 
Pertinent, a. apt to the purpose, fit 
Pertin'gent, a. reaching to, touching 
Pert'ly, ad. briskly, lively, saucily 
Pert'ness, s. brisk folly, sauciness, petulance 
Pertur'bate, v. a. to disturb, to disorder 
Perturba'tion, s. a disquiet of mind 
Pertur'bed, a. disturbed, disquieted 
Pertu'sed, a. punched, pierced with holes 
Pertu'sion, s. the act of piercing 
Perva'de, v. a. to pass through, permeate 
Perva'sion, s. the act of passing through 
PerverCe, a. obstinate, stubborn, petulant 
Perverse'ly, ad. vexatiously, crossly 
Perverse'ness, ft petulance, perversion 
Perver'sion, s. turning to a wrong sense 
perve'rt, v. a. to distort, corrupt, mislead 
Pervert'ible, a. that may be perverted 
Pervica'cious, a. spitefully obstinate 
Per'vious, a. admitting passage 
Per'uke, s. a cap of false hair, a wig 
Per'ukemakei, s. a wig maker 
Peru'sal, s . the act of reading over 
Peru'se, v. a. to read over, to observe 
Pesa'de, s. motion of a horse in rearing 
Pest, s. a plague, pestilence, mischief 
Pes'ter, v. a. to plague, to disturb, to harass 
Pest'house, s. a plague hospital 
pestiferous, a. deadly, malignant, infectious 
Pes'tilence, s . plague, contagious distemper 
Pes'tilent, a. producing plagues, malignant 
Pestilen'tial, a. infectious, contagious 
fes'tle, f. a tool to beat in a mortar 

Pet, /. a slight displeasure ; a fondling lamb 
Pet'al, ;. the leaf of a flower 
Peta'rd, s. an engine to blow up places 
pete'chial, a. pestilentially spotted 
pet'it, a. small, inconsiderable 
peti'tion, s. a request, prayer, entreaty 
Peti'tion, v. a. to supplicate, to solicit 
Petitionary, a. supplicatory, petitioning 
Petitioner, /. one who offers a petition 
Petres'cent, a. becoming stone, hardening 
Petrifac'tion, s. act of turning to stone 
Petrifac'tive, a. able to turn to stone 
Pet'rify, v. to change to or become stone 
Pet'ronal, s. a pistol or small gun 
Petticoat, s. a woman's lower vestment 
Pettifogger, /. a petty small rate lawyer 
Pettifogging, a. low, mean 
Pettish, a. apt to be peevish, froward 
Pet'tishness, s. fretfulness, peevishness 
Pettitoes, s. the feet of a sucking pig 
Petto, s. the breast; figuratively > privacy 
Petty, a. small, inconsiderable, little 
Pet'ulance, s. sauciness, peevishness 
Pet'ulant, a. saucy, perverse, wanton 
Pew, s. a seat enclosed in a church 
Pew'et, s. a water-fowl, the lapwing 
Pewter, s. a compound of metals 
Pewterer, s. one who works in pewter 
Pha'eton, s. a high open carriage 
Phagede'na, s. an ulcer where the sharpnes.s 

of the humours eats away the flesh 
Pha'lanx, s. a troop of men closely embodied 
Phantasm, :. vain imagination, a vision 
Phantom, s . a spectre, a fancied vision 
Pharisaical, a. externally religious, &c 
Pharmacol'ogy, s. the knowledge of drugs 
Pharmacope'ia, s . a dispensatory 
Pharmacop'olist, s. an apothecary 
Phar'macy, s. the trade of an apothecary 
Pha'ros, s. a light-house, a watch-tower 
Pha'sels, s. French beans 
Pha'ses, s. appearances of the moon, &c. 
Pheas'ant, s. a kind of wild cock or hen 
Pheese, v. a. to comb, to fleece, to curry 
Phe'nix, s. the bird which is supposed to 

exist single, and to rise again from its 

own ashes 
Phenom'enon, j. an extraordinary appearance 

in the works of nature 
Phi'al, s. a small bottle 

Philanthropy,;, love of mankind, kindness 
Phil'ibeg, s. a kind of short petticoat 
Philip'pic, s. any invective, declamation 
Philol'oger, Philol'ogist, s. a grammarian 
Philolo'gical, a. critical, grammatical 
Philol'ogy, s. grammatical learning, criticism 
Phi'lomath, s. a lover of learning 
Phil'omel, s. the nightingale 
Phil'omot, a. coloured like a dead leaf 
Philos'opheme, /. a principle of reasoning 



P I M 

Philos'opher, x. a man deep in knowledge 
Philos'opher's-stone, x. a stone dreamed of 
by alchymists, which, it is pretended, by 
its touch transmutes metals into gold 
Philosophical, a. belonging to philosophy 
Philos'ophy, ;. knowledge natural or moral, 
the hypothesis upon which natural effects 
are explained 
Phil'ter, x. something to cause love 
Phiz, t, the face, the countenance 
Phlebot'omise, -v. a. to let tlood 
Phlebot'omy, x. the aft of blood-letting 
Phlegm, x. a watery humour of the body 
Phlegmat'ic, a. troubled with phlegm, dull 
Phleg'mon, x. a tumour, an inflammation 
Phleg'monous, a. inflammatory, burning 
Phleme, x. an instrument to bleed cattle 
Phlogis'tic, a. inflammatory, hot 
Phlogis'ton, x. chymical liquor very inflam- 
mable ; the inflammable pait of the body 
Phcenix, See Phenix 
Phonocamp'tic,£. able to alter sounds 
Phos'phorus, x. a chymical substance which, 

exposed to air, takes fire ; morning star 
Phrase, x. an idiom or mode of speech 
Phraseol'ogy, x. style, diction, phrase-book 
Phrenet'ic, a. inflamed in the brain, frantic 
Phren'itis, x. inflammation of the brain 
Phren'sy, x. madness, franticness 
Phthis'ic, x. a consumption of the body 
Phthis'ical, a. wasting by disease 
Phylac'tery, x. a bandage on which was in- 
scribed some memorable sentence 
Phys'ic, x. the art of curingvdiseases ; medi- 
cines, remedies, a purge 
Physical, a. relating to natural philosophy, 

not moral, medicinal 
Physi'cian, x. one who professes physic 
Physics, s. natural philosophy 
Physiognomist, x. a judge of faces 
Physiog'nomy, x. the art of discovering the 
temper, &c by the features of the face \ 
the face, the cast of the look 
Physiolo'gical, a. relating to physiology 
Physiol'ogy, x. the doctrine of nature 
Phytiv'orous,^. that eats grass, or vegetables 
Phytoi'ogy, x. the doftrine of plants 
Pi'acle, x. an enormous crime 
Piac'ular, a. expiatory, criminal 
Pia-ma'ter, x. a skin covering the brain 
Pi'anet, x. a magpie ; the lesser woodpecker 
Pias'ter, x, a foreign coin, value about 5s. 
Piaz'za, t. a walk under a roof supported by 

Pi'ca, x. a kind of printing letter 
Picaroo'n, x. a robber, a plunderer 
Pick, v. to choose, select, take up, clean, 

peck, rob, open a lock, eat slowly 
Pick'apack, ad. in manner of a pack 
PiOk'axe, x. an axe vrith a sharp point 

Pick'back, a. on the back 
Pick'ed, or Pi'ked, a. sharp, smart, pointed 
Pick'er, x. one who picks, a pickaxe 
Pic'kle, x. a salt liquor, a thing pickled 
Pic'kle, v. <x. to preserve in pickle 
Pic'kle-herring, x. a jack-pudding, a zany 
Pick'lock, x. a tool to pick locks with 
Pick'pocket, x. one that steals from pockets 
Pick'thank, x. a talebearer, a flatterer 
Pitts, x. a colony of Scythians or Germans 
who settled in Scotland, called P/<3x, from 
the custom of painting their bodies 
Picto'rial, a. produced by a painter 
Pic'ture, x. resemblance of things in colours 
Pid'dle, v. n. to feed squeamishly, to trifle 
Pie, x. a crust baked with something in it 
Pi'ebald, a. of various colours, diversified 
Piece, x. a patch, fragment, gun, coin, &v. 
Piece, v. to enlarge, to join, to unite 
Piece'meal, a. separate.. .ad. in pieces 
Pi'ed, a. partycoioured, variegated 
Pier, x. the column or support of an arch 
Pierce, v. to penetrate, to affect ; to bore 
Pier'cer, x. who or what pierceth, 
Pier'cingly,flrf. sharply 
Pi'etism, x. an affectation of piety 
Pi'ety, ;. discharge of duty to God 
Pig, x. a young sow or boar ; mass of lead, &c 
Pi'geon, x. a well-known bird 
Pi'geon-livered, a. mild, soft, gentle 
Pig'gin, x. a small wooden vessel 
Pight, part. pass, of to pitch, pitched, fixed 
Pig'ment, x. paint, colours for painting 
Pig'my, x. a very little person, a dwarf 
Pignoration, x. the act of pledging 
Pig'nut, x. an earth nut 
Pike, x. a fish, a lance used by soldiers 
Pi'kestaff, x. the wooden handle of a pike 
Pilas'ter, x. a small square column 
Pilch'er, x. a cloak lined with fur ; a fish 
Pile, x. a heap, edifice, pieij^Df wood 
Pile, v. to heap or lay upon 
Pil'fer, v. #> to steal, practise petty theft 
Pil'ferer, x. one who steals petty things 
Pilgar'lic, s. a name of ridicule 
PiFgrim, x. a traveller, a wanderer, one who 

travels to sacred places for devotion 
Pil'grimage, x. a journey for devotion 
Pill, x. a small round ball of physic 
Pil'lage, x. plunder ...-y. a. to plunder, spoil 
Pillar, x. a column, supporter, maintainer 
Pil'lared, a. supported by or like pillars 
Pil'lion, x. a woman's saddle, a pad 
Pil'lory, x. an instrument of punishment 
Pillow, x. a bag of feathers to sleep on 
Pillowbee'r, x. the cover of a pillow 
Pilos'ity, s. hairiness, roughness 
Pi'lot, x. one who directs a ship's cours.e 
Pi'lotage, x. the pay or office of a pilot 
Piment'aj x. all-Spice, Jamaica pep??r 



P L A 

Pimp, ;. a procurer, a he-bawd 
Pimp'ing, a. little, small, petty 
Pim'ple, /. a small red pustule on the skin 
Pin, s. a short pointed wire, a peg, a bolt 
Pin'cers, .<•. an instrument to draw nails, &c. 
Pinch, v. to squeeze, gripe, be frugal 
Pinch, s. a painful squeeze with the fingers 
Pinch/beck, /. a kind of yellow metal 
Pin'cushion, s. a stuffed bag to stick pins in 
Pindar'ic, a. like Pindar, lofty, sublime 
Pine, v. to languish, grieve for...*, a tree 
Pi'neapple, s. a fruit, the anana 
Pin'fold, j. a place to pen cattle in 
Pin'guid, a. fat, unctuous, greasy, plump 
Pin'ion, s. the wing of a fowl ; fetters 
Pinion, v. a. to bind the wings, to shackle 
Pink, s. a flower ; any thing supremely em- 
inent ; a fish, the minnow 
Pink, s. a stamp with small holes 
Pin'maker, s. one who makes pins 
Pin'money, s. a wife's pocket money 
Pin'nace, s. a man-of-war's boat 
Pin'nacle, s. a turret, a high spiring point 
Pinner, „<. part of a head-dress ; a pinmaker 
Pint, s. half a quart, twelve ounces 
Pionee'r, s. a soldier to level roads, &c. 
Pi'ous, a. devout, godly, religious 
Pi'ously, ad. in a pious manner 
Pip, s. a spot on cards ; a disease of fowls 
Pip, v. n. to chirp or cry as a bird 
Pipe, s. a musical instrument ; a tube ; a li- 
quid measure containing two hogsheads ; 
the key of the voice, &c. 
Pipe, v. n. to play on a pipe, to whine 
Pi'per, s. one who plays on a pipe 
Pi'ping, a. weak, sickly, feeble ; hot 
Pip'kin, s. a small earthen boiler 
Pip'pin, s. a small apple 
Pi'qu2nt, a. stimulating, sharp, pungent 
Pique, s. ill-will, petty malice, grudge 
Pique, v- a. to offend, to irritate 
Pique't, s. a game at cards 
Pi'racy, s. the act of robbing on the sea 
Pi'rate, /. a sea-robber ; a plagiary 
Pirat'ical, a. predatory, robbing 
Pis'cary, .'. a privilege of fishing 
Pisca'tion, s. the act or practice of fishing 
Pis'catory, a. relating to fish or fishing 
Pisciv'orous, a. fish-eating, living on fish 
Pish ! inter, of slighting or contemning 
Pis'mire, s. an ant, or emmet 
Piss'burnt, a. stained with urine 
Pista'chio, s. a fragrant Syrian nut 
Pis'tol, s- the smallest of fire-arms 
pisto'le, s. a foreign coin, value I 7s. 
Pis'ton, s . part of a pump, or a syringe 
Pit,/, a hole ; abyss ; the grave ; hollow part 
Pit'apat, s. a flutter, a palpitation 
Pitch, s. the resin of the pine ; size ; rate 
^iteh, z\ to fix ; light ; smear with pitch 

I Pitch'er, s. an earthen pot ; an iron bar 
1 Pitch'fork, s. a fork to load dung, &c. 
I Pitch'y, a. black, dark, dismal ; smeared 
j Pit'coal, /. fossile coal 
J Pit'eous, a. sorrowful ; tender ; mean 
■ Pit'eously, ad. after a piteous manner 
I Pit'fal, s. a pit dug and covered over 
Pith, s. the marrow of a plant ; energy 
Pith'iness, /. energy, strength, force 
Pithless, a. wanting pith, wanting energy 
Pith'y, a. consisting of pith j forcible 
Pit'iable, a. deserving pity 
Pit'iful, a. tender, melancholy, mean ; paltry 
Pit'ifully, ad. mournfully, despicably 
Pit'iless, a. wanting compassion, merciless 
Pit'man, s. one who works in a pit 
Pit'saw, s. a large saw for two men 
Pit'tance, s. an allowance, a small portion 
Pitu'itous, a. consisting of phlegm 
Pit'y, s. sympathy with misery or pain 
Pit'y, v. a. to compassionate misery 
Piv'ot, s. a pin on which any thing turns 
Pix, s. the box for the consecrated host 
Pla'cable, a. that which maybe appeased 
Pl-aca'rd, Placa'rt, s. an edict, a manifesto 
Pla'cate, v. a. to appease, to reconcile 
Place, s. locality, space in general ; a man- 
sion, existence, rank, priority, office 
Place, v. a. to put in a place, fix, settle 
Pla'cid, a. gentle, quiet, kind, mild, soft 
Pla'cidness, ;. peaceableness, quietness 
Pla'cit, s. decree, determination 
Plack'et, s. the open part of -a petticoat 
Pla'giarism, s. literary theft, adoption of the 

thoughts or works of another 
Pla'giary, s. a thief in literature 
Plague, s. a pestilence, trouble, vexation 
Plague, v. a. to infect with pestilence ; teaze 
Pla'guily, ad. vexatiously, horribly 
Pla'guy, a. vexatious, troublesome, harassing 
Plaice, s. a common kind of flat fish 
Plaid, s. a variegated stuff, a Scotch dress 
Plain, a. smooth ; artless, clear, simple 
Plain, Plainly, ad. distinctly, flatly, fairly 
Plaindeal'ing, s. acting without art 
Plain'ness, s. levelness, want of show 
Plaint, s. a lamentation, a complaint 
Plaintiff, s. he that commences a suit 
Plaintive, a. expressive of sorrow, lamenting 
Plain'work, ;. common needle-work 
Plais'ter, s. a salve spread on linen, &c. 
Plait, /. a fold, a double...?;, a. to fold 
Plan, i. a scheme, form, draught, model 
Plan, v. a. to scheme, to form in design 
Planch'ed, a. made of boards 
Planch'er, s. a board, a plank 
Plane, s. a level, a tool...v- to level 
Plan'et, s. an erratic or wandering star 
Plan'etary, a. pertaining to the planets 
Plan'etstruck, a, blasted, amazed 



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Plan'ish, v. a, to polish, to smooth 
Plan'isphere, s. a sphere projected on a plane 
Plank, s. a brard...i>. a. to lay with planks 
Planoco'nical, a. level on one side and coni- 
cal on the other 
Planocon'vex, a. fiat on the one side and 

convex on the other 
Plant, j. an" vegetable production 
Plant, v. a. to set, cultivate, fix, settle 
Pian'tain, s. an herb, a tree and its fruit 
Plan'tal, a. pertaining to plants 
Plantation, s. a colony, a place planted 
Planted, a. settled, established 
Planter, s. one who sows or cultivates 
Plash, s. a small puddle of water 
Plash, v. a. to dash with water 
Plash'y, a. watery, filled with puddles 
Plasm, s. a mould, a matrix for metals 
Pla'ster, s. lime to cover walls ; a salve 
Pla'ster, v. a. to cover with plaster, &c. 
Pia'sterer, s. one who plasters walls, &c. 
Plas'tic, a. having power to give form 
Plas'tron, s. a piece of stuffed leather 
Plat, s. a small piece of ground. ..-j. to inter- 
Plate, s. wrought metal, a dish to eat on 
Plat'en, ;. part of a printing press 
Pfat'form, s. a horizontal plane, a level 
Platon'ic,rt. relating to Plato, pure 
Platoo'n, s. a square body of musqueteers 
Plat'ter, s. a large earthen or wooden dish 
Plau'dit, ;. applause, approbation 
Plau'ditery, a. praising, commending 
Plausibility, s. appearance of right 
Plaus'ibie, a. superficially pleasing, specious 
Plaus'ibly, ad. speciously, seemingly fair 
Plaus'ive, a. applauding, plausible 
Play, s. amusement, sport, game ; a drama 
Play, v. to sport, game, trifle, perform 
Player, ;. one who plays or performs 
Play'fellow, s. a companion in youth 
Play 'ful, a. sportive, full of levity 
Play'game, s. play of children 
Play'house, s. a house for acting plays in 
Play'thing, s. a toy, a thing to play with 
Play'wright, ;. a maker or writer of plays 
Plea, s. a form of pleading, an apology 
Pleach, v. a. to bend, to interweave 
Plead, v. a. to defend, to discuss, to argue 
Plead 'able, a. that which may be pleaded 
Plead'er, s. one who speaks for or against 
Plead'ing, s. the act or form of pleading 
Pleas'ant, a. delightful, cheerful, merry 
Pleas'antly, ad. merrily, in good humour 
Pleas'antness, s. delightfulness, gaiety 
Pieas'antry, s. gaiety, merriment, lively talk 
Please, v. to delight, content, like, choose 
Pleas'ingly, ad. so as to give delight 
Pleas'urable, a. delightful, pleasant 
Pleas'ure, *. delight, gratification, choice 

Plebeian, a. popular, vulgar, low, common 
Plebe'ian, s. one of the lower people 
Pledge, .'. a pawn...?;, a. to invite to drink 
Pledg'et, ». a small mass cf lint 
Plei'ades, t. a northern constellation 
Pien'arily, ad. fully, entirely, perfectly 
Plen'ary, a. full, entire, perfect 
Plenilu'nary, a. relating to the full moon 
Pleuip'otence, s. fulness of power 
Plenip'otent, a. invested with full power 
Plenipotentiary, s. a negociator for a princer- 
or state, invested with power to treat, <Scc. 
Ple'nist, /. a philosopher who holds that alt 

space is full of matter 
Plen'itude, s. fulness, repletion, abundance 
Plen'teous, a. copious, abundant, fruitful 
Plen'teously, ad. copiously, abundantly 
Plen'tiful, a. copious, exuberant, fruitful 
Plen'ty, u abundance, fruitfulness 
Ple'onasm, s. a redundancy of words 
Pleth'ora, Pleth'ory, *. a fulness of habit 
Plev'in, s. in law, a warrant or assurance 
Pleu'ra, ;. a skin that covers the chest 
Pleu'risy, s. an inflammation of the pleura 
Pleuritic, a. diseased with a pleurisy 
Pli'able, a. flexible, apt to bend 
Pli'ableness, s. easiness to be bent 
Pli'ant, a. flexible ; easily persuaded 
Pli'antness, ;. flexibility, toughness 
Pii'ers, /. a kind of small pincers 
Plight, s. condition, state, good case, gage 
Plight, v. a. to pledge, give as surety, weave 
Plinth, j. the lowermost part of a pillar 
Plod, v. n. to toil, to drudge, to study dully 
Plod'der, s. a dull, heavy, laborious man - 
Plod'ding, s. close drudgery or study 
Plot, /. a small extent of ground, a scheme,, 

conspiracy, stratagem, contrivance 
Plot, v. to scheme mischief, plan, contrive 
Plov'er, ;. the name of a bird, a lapwing 
Plough, s. an instrument of husbandry 
Plough, v. a. to turn up with a plough 
Plough'man, s. one that attends the plough 
Ploughmon'day, s . the Monday after Twelfth 
Day ; in the north of England the plough- 
men draw a plough from door to door, and 
beg money to spend in rural festivity 
Plough'share, /. the iron of a plough 
Pluck, j. a pull ; the liver and lights, &c. 
Pluck, v. a. to snatch, draw, strip feathers 
Plug, s. a stopple...i>. a. to stop with a plug 
Plum, s. a fruit ; dried grapes ; lOO,GCCl. 
Plu'mage, s. feathers, a suit of feathers 
Plumb, /. a leaden weight on a line 
Plumb, v. a to sound, to regulate 
Plumb, ad. perpendicularly to the horizon 
Plumb'er, *. one who works upon lead 
Plume, !. a feather ; pride, towering mien 
Plume, v. a. to pick and adjust feathers, to 
adorn, to make proud ; to strip 

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Piumi'gerous, a. having feathers 
Plum'met, s. a leaden weight or pencil 
Plu'mous, a. feathery, like feathers 
Plump, a. somewhat fat, not lean, sleek 
Plump, v. to fall like a stone in water j to 

fatten, to swell, to make large 
Plump'er, s. sudden stroke, what plumps out 
Plump'ness, s. fulness, comeliness 
Plumpud'ding, s. pudding made with plums 
Plu'my, a. covered with feathers 
Plun'der, s. pillage, spoils gotten in war 
Plun'der, v. a. to pillage, to rob by force 
Plun'derer, s. a hostile pillager, a thief 
Plunge, v. to put or sink suddenly under wa- 
ter ; to fall into any hazard or distress 
Plunge, s. t he act of putting under water 
Plunk'et, s. a kind of blue colour 
Plu'ral, a. implying more than one 
Piu'ralist, s. a clergyman who holds more 

benefices than one, with cure of souls 
Plurality, s. a number more than one 
Plush, s. a kind of shaggy cloth 
Plu'vial, Plu'vious, a. rainy, wet 
Plu'vial, s. a priest's vestment or cope 
Ply, v. to work closely ; to solicit ; to bend 
Ply, s. bent, turn, form, bias, fold 
Pneumat'ic, a. relative to wind 
Pneumat'ics, s. the doctrine of the air 
Poach, v. to boil slightly ; to steal game 
Poach'er, /. one who steals game 
Poach'y, a. damp, marshy, moist 
Pock, s. a pustule of the small pox 
Poc'ket, s. a small bag inserted into clothes 

...7;. a. to put in the pocket 
Poc'ketglass, s. a glass for the pocket 
Pock'hole, s. a scar made by the small pox 
Poc'uient, a. fit for drink, drinkable 
Pod, j. the husk or shell of pulse, seeds, dec. 
Pod'der, s. a gatherer of peasecods 
Podge, s. a puddle, a plash, a watery place 
Po'em, s. a composition in verse 
Po'esy, s. the art of writing poems 
Po'et, s. a writer of poems, an inventor 
Poetas'ter, s. a vile petty poet 
Po'etess, Po'etress, s. a female poet 
Poet'ical, a. pertaining to poetry 
Poet'ically, ad. by the fiction of poetry 
Po'etry, s. metrical composition, poems 
Poign'ancy, s. sharpness, asperity 
Poign'ant, a. sharp, irritating, satirical 
Point, s. a sharp end ; indivisible part of 
time or space ; punctilio ; degree ; aim ; 
instance ; a cape ; a stop 
Point, v. to sharpen, direct, note, level 
Point'ed, part. a. sharp, epigrammatical 
Point'el, s. any thing on a point 
Point'er, s. any thing that points ; a dog 
Point'Iess, a. blunt, not sharp, obtuse 
Pois'on, 5. what destroys life, venom 
Pois'on, v. a, to infect with poison, corrupt 

Pois'onous, a. venomous, destructive 

Poit'rel, s. a graving tool, a breast-plate 

Poize, s. a weight, balance, equipoize 

Poize, v. a. to balance, to weigh mentally 

Poke, s. a small bag or pocket 

Poke, v. a. to feel in the dark, search out 

Po'ker, s. an iron bar used to stir the fire 

Po'lar, a. pertaining to the poles 

Polar'ity, s. tendency to the poles 

Pole, s. either extremity of the axis of the 

earth; a staff; a measure of five yards and 

a half ; a piece of timber erected 
Po'leaxe, s. an axe fixed to a long pole 
Po'lecat, s. a stinking animal, the fitchew 
Po'ledavies, s. a sort of coarse canvas 
Polem'ic, a. controversial, disputative 
Polem'ic, j. a disputant, a controvertist 
Po'lestar, s. a star near the pole ; any guide 
Poli'ce, s. the regulation of a city, &c. 
Pol'icy, s. art of government ; prudence 
Pol'ish, s. artificial gloss, elegance 
Pol'ish, v. to smooth, brighten ; to civilize 
Pol'isher, s. what refines or polishes 
Poli'te, a. elegant of manners, glossy 
Polite'ness, s. gentility, good breeding 
Pol'itic, Polit'ical, a. relating to politics, 

prudent, cunning, artful, skilful 
Polit'ically, ad. with policy, artfully 
Politi'cian, .f. one skilled in politics 
Politics, s. the science of government 
Poi'ilure, s. the gloss given by polishing 
Pol'ity, s. form of government of any city of 

commonwealth, civil constitution 
Poll, s. the head, list of those that vote 
Poll, v. a. to lop the tops of trees ; to mow ; 

take a list of voters ; to shear, clip shor': 
Pol'lard, s. a tree lopped, a fine sort of bran 
Poi'lenger, s. brushwood 
Pollu'te, v. a. to defile, to taint, to corrupt 
Pollu'tion, s. act of defiling, defilement 
I'oltroo'n, s. a coward, dastard, scoundrel 
Polyacous'tic, a. multiplying sound 
Polyan'thus, s. the name of a flower 
Pol} car'pous, a. bearing much fruit 
Polye'drous, a. having many sides 
Polyg'amy, s. a plurality of wives 
Poi'yglot, a. that is in many languages 
Poi'ygon a s. a figure of many angles 
Polyg'onal, a. having many angles 
Pol'ygram, s. a figure of many lines 
Polyg'raphy, s. art of writing in ciphers 
Polyph'onism, s. a multiplicity of sounds 
Poi'ypus, s. a sea animal with many feet j a 

disease or swelling in the nostrils 
Polysyllable, .<. a word of many syllables 
Poly 'theism, s. belief of a plurality of gods 
Poma'ceous, a. consisting of apples 
Poma'de, s. a fragrant ointment 
Poma'tum, s. an ointmen.t made of hog's 

lard, sheep's suet, &c. 

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P o s 

Poman'der, s. a perfumed ball or powder 
Pome'granate, *. a tree and its fruit 
Po'meroy, s. a large kind of apple 
Pomiferous, a. bearing apples 
Pom'mel, *. a knob on a sword or saddle 
Pom'mel, v. a. to beat, to bruise, to punch 
Pomp, s. splendour, pride, ostentation 
Pom'pion, Pump'kin, s a kind of melon 
Pomp'ous, a. stately, magnificent, grand 
Pomp'ously, ad. magnificently, splendidly 
Pond, s. a small pool or lake of water 
Pon'der, v. to weigh mentally, to muse 
Pon'derable, a. capable to be weighed 
Pon'deral, a. estimated by weight 
Ponderosity, s. weight, gravity, heaviness 
Pon'derous, a. heavy, momentous, forcible 
Po'neut, a. western 
Pon'iard, s. a small pointed dagger 
Pon'tage, s. bridge duties for repairs 
Pon'tiff, s. a high priest, the Pope 
Pontifical, a. belonging to a high priest 
Pontifical, s. a book of ecclesiastical rites 
Pontificate, s. papacy, the popedom 
Pon'tifice, s. bridge work, edifice of a bridge 
Pon'ton, s. a floating bridge of boats 
Po'ny, s. a small horse 
Pool, s. a standing water ; a term at cards 
Poop, s. the hindmost part of a ship 
Poor, a. not rich ; trifling ; mean ; dejected 
Poor'ly, ad. without spirit, indisposed 
Pop, s. a small, smart, quick sound " 
Pop, v. to move or enter quickly or slily 
Pope, /. the bishop of Rome ; a fish 
Po'pedom, s. jurisdiction of the Pope 
Po'pery, Pa'pistry, s. the popish religion 
Po'peseye, s. a part of the thigh 
Pop'gun, Pot'gun, s. a child's gun 
Popina'tion, s. a frequenting of taverns 
Pop'injay, s. a parrot, woodpecker ; a fop 
Po'pish, a. taught by the Pope, Romish 
Pop'lar, /. a tree 
Pop'py, s. the name of a plant 
Pop'ulace, /. the multitude, the vulgar 
Pop'ular, a. pleasing to the people, vulgar 
Popularity, s. the favour of the people 
Pop'ulate, v. n. to breed people 
Popula'tion, s. the number of people 
Pop'ulous, a. full of people, well inhabited 
Por'celain, /. China ware ; an herb 
Porch, j. a portico, an entrance with a roof 
Por'cupine, ;. a sort of large hedgehog 
Pore, v. n. to look close to, or intensely 
Pores, s. certain imperceptible holes in the 
body, where the hairs grow, and through 
which sweat and humours evaporate 
Po'rism, ;. a general theorem or rule 
Pork, s. swine"s flesh unsalted 
Por'ker, Pork'iing, s. a young pig 
Poros'ity, s. quality of having pores 
Po'rous, Po'ry, a. full o,f pores 
P 2 

Por'poise, Por'pus, :. the sea hog 
Porra'ceous, a. greenish, like a leek 
Por'ret, s. a scallion, a leek 
Por'ridge, Pot'tage, s. a kind of broth 
Por'ringer, s. a vessel for spoon meat 
Port, s. a harbour, aperture ; air, mien 
Port'able, a. that which may be carried 
Port'age, ;. price of carriage, a porthole 
Port'al, 5. a gate, the arch of a gate 
Port'ance, s. air, mien, port, demeanour 
Povtcul'lis, j-. a sort of drawbridge 
Porte, s. the court of the Turkish emperor 
Port'ed, a. borne in a regular order 
Porte'nd, v. a. to forebode, to foreshow, 
Porten'sion, s. the act of foretokening 
Porte'nt, s. an omen, or foretokening of ill 
Portent'ous, a. monstrous, ominous 
Port'er, s. one who has charge of a gate ; a 

carrier : a kind of strong beer 
Port'erage, j. the hire of a porter 
Port'glaive, Porfglave, s. a sword-bearer 
Port'hole, s. a hole to point cannon through 
Port'ico, ;. a covered walk, a piazza 
Por'tion, s. part, allotment ; wife's fortune 
Port'liness, s. grandeur of demeanour 
Port'ly, a. majestical, grand of mien 
Portman'teau, t. a bag to carry clothes in 
Por'trait, s. a picture drawn from life 
Portra'y, v. a. to paint, to adorn 
Port'ress, s. the female guardian, of a gate 
Pose, v. a. to puzzle, appose, interrogate 
Pos'ited, a. placed, ranged, put 
Posi'tion, !. a situation ; an assertion 
Positional, a. respecting position 
Pos'itive, a. absolute, assured, certain 
Positively, ad. certainly, peremptorily 
Pos'se, s. an armed power, a large body 
Posse'ss, v. a. to have as an owner, to obtain 
Posses'sion, s. a having in one's own power 
Possess'ive, Possess'ory, a. having possession 
Possessor, 5. an owner, master, proprietor 
Pos'set, j. milk curdled with wine, &c. 
Possibility, /. the power of being or doing 
Pos'sible, a. having the power to be or do 
Pos'sibly, ad. by any power, perhaps 
Post, s. a messenger, piece of timber, office 
Post, v. to travel with speed, to place, to fix 
Po'stage, s. money paid for a letter 
Postcha'ise, s. a light body-carriage 
Postda'te,r.a. to date later than the realtime 
Postdilu'vian, a. living since the flood 
Po'ster, s. a courier, one that travels hastily 
Poste'rror, a. happening after, backward 
Posteriority, s. the state of being after 
Poste'riors, s. the hinder parts, the breech 
Posterity, /. succeeding generations 
Po'stern, s. a small gate, a little door 
Postexist'ence, s. a future existence 
Postha'ste, ad. very fast or quick 
Po'sthouse, ;. a house to take in letters 

P o w 



Po'sthumous, a. done, had, or published af- 
ter one's decease 
Postil'lion, s. one who guides a chaise, or the 

first pair of a set of six, in a coach 
Postmerid'ian, a. being in the afternoon 
Po'st-office, s. a posthouse, place for letters 
Postpo'ne, v. a. to put off, delay, undervalue 
Po'stscript, s. a writing added to a letter 
Postulate, s. a position assumed or supposed 

without proof ...v. a. to assume 
Postula'tion, s. a supposing without proof 
Postula'tum, s. an assumed position 
Pos'ture, /. position, place, disposition 
Pos'turemaster, s. one who practises, &c. 

artificial contortions of the body 
Po'sy, s. a motto on a ring ; a nosegay 
Pot, s. a vessel to hold liquids or meat 
Pot, v. a. to preserve seasoned in pots 
Po'table, Pot'ulent, a. fit to drink 
Potar'go, s. a West-Indian pickle 
Pot'ash, ;. ashes from burnt vegetables 
Puta'tion, s. a drinking-bout, a draught 
Pota'toe, s. an esculent root 
Pofbellied, a. having a swoln paunch 
Potch, v. a. to thrust, to push, to poach 
Pot'companion, s. a fellow-drinker 
Po'tency, s. power, influence, efficacy 
Po'tent, a. powerful, efficacious, mighty 
Potentate, j, a monarch, sovereign, prince 
Poten'tial, a. existing in possibility, not in 

act ; powerful, efficacious 
Po'tently, ad. powerfully, forcibly 
Po'ther, ;. a bustle, stir, tumult 
Pot'hook, s. a hook to hang pots, <kc. on 
Po'tion, s. a draught, commonly in physic 
Pot'sherd, s. a fragment of a broken pot 
Pot'ter, s. a maker of earthen vessels 
Pot'tery, s. the work, &c. of a potter 
Pot'tle, s. a measure of four pints 
Potval'iant, a. heated to courage by liquor 
Pouch, s. a small bag, pocket, purse 
Pov'erty, s. indigence, meanness, defect 
Poult, s. a young chicken 
Poult'erer, s. one who sells fowls 
Poul'tice, s. a mollifying application 
Poult'ry, /. all kinds of domestic fowls 
Pounce, s. the talon of a bird of prey j the 

powder of gum sandarach for paper 
Poun'cet-box, s. a small box perforated 
Pound, s. a weight ; 20 shillings ; a pinfold 
Pound, v. a. to beat with a pestle 
Pound'age, s. an allowance of so much in the 

pound ; payment rated by weight ; fees 

paid to the keeper of a pound 
Pound'er, s. a cannon of a certain bore 
Pour, v. to empty liquids out of any vessel j 

to flow ; to rush tumultously 
Pout, s. a kind of fish ; a kind of bird 
Pout, v. n. to look sullen, to frown 
Pow'der, s. dust ; dust of starsh ; gunpowder 

Pow/der-box, s. a box for hair-powder 
Pow'der-horn, s. a horn for gunpowder 
Pow'dering-tub, s. a vessel for salting meat 
Pow'der-mill,j. a mill to make gunpowder in 
Pow'dery, a. dusty, friable, soft 
Pow'er, s. command, authority, ability, 

strength, force, influence, military force 
Pow'erful, a. potent, mighty, efficacious 
Pow'erfully,^/. potently, efficaciously 
Pow'erless, a. weak, impotent, helpless 
Poy, /. a rope-dancer's or waterman's pole 
Practicable, a. performable ; assailable 
Practical, a. relating to action, &c. 
Prac'ticallyj ad. by practice, in real fact 
Prac'tice, s. habit, use, dexterity, method 
Prac'tise, v. a. to do, to exercise, to transact 
Practi'tioner, /. one engaged in any art 
Pras'cipe, s. a writ, a command 
Praecog'nita, j. things previously known 
Pragmat'ic-mntfitfw, s. a settlement of 
Charles VI. emperor of Germany, who, 
in the year 1 722., having no sons, settled 
his hereditary dominions on his eldest 
daughter, the archduchess Maria Theresa 
Pragmat'ical, a. meddling, impertinent 
Pragmatically, ad. impertinently 
Praise, s. ienown, laud, commendation 
Praise, v. a. to commend, to applaud 
Praise'worthy, a. deserving praise 
Prame, s. a flat-bottomed boat 
Prance, v. n. to spring or bound 
Prank, s. a frolic, trick, wicked act 
Prate, v. n. to talk carelessly, to chatter 
Prat'tique, s. a licence for a ship to traffic in 
the ports of Italy, &c. upon a certificate 
that the place she sailed from is not an- 
noyed with any infectious disease 
Prat'tle, v. n. to talk lightly, to chatter 
Prat'tler, s. a trifling talker, a chatterer 
Prav'ity, s. corruption, badness, malignity 
Prawn, s. a sheli-fish like a shrimp 
Pray, v. to entreat, to supplicate, to implore 
Pray'er, s. a petition to Heaven ; entreaty 
Pray'erbook, s. a book of prayers 
Preach, v. n. to pronounce a public discourse 

on religious subjects...*, a discourse 
Preach'er, s. one who preaches, a minister 
Pream'ble, s. an introduction, a preface 
Preb'end, ;. a stipend in cathedrals 
Preb'endary, s. a stipendiary of a cathedral 
Preca'rious, a. dependant, uncertain 
Precariously, ad. uncertainly, by depend- 

ance ; at the pleasure of othei-3 
Precaution, s. a preservative caution 
Preceda'neous, a. previous, antecedent 
Prece'de, v. a. to go before in rank or time 
Prece'dence, /. priority, the foremost place 
Prece'dent, a. going before ; former 
Pre'cedent, s. example, thing done before 
Precent'or, t . he that leads the choir 




Pre'cept, s. a command, injunction, mandate 
Precep'tial, a, consisting of precepts 
Precept'ive, a. containing or giving precepts 
Piecep'tor, s. a teacher, a tutor 
Preces'sion, s. the aft of going before 
Pre'cinct, s. an outward limit, boundary 
Pre'cious, a. valuable, costly, of great price 
Pre'cipice, s. a perpendicular declivity 
Precip'itance, s. rash haste, headlong hurry 
Precipitant, a. falling headlong, hasty 
Precip'itantness, s. hastiness, rashness 
Precip'itate, s. corrosive mercurial medicine 
Precip'itate, v. to cast down ; to hurry 
Precip'itate, a. headlong, hasty, violent 
Precip'itately, ad. hastily ; in blind fury 
Precipitation, s. hurry, blind, rash haste 
Preci'se, a. formal, affected, finical, exact 
Preci'sely, ad. exactly, nicely, formally 
Precision, s. exact limitation, nicety 
Preci'sive, a. exactly limiting 
Preclu'de, v. a. to shut out or hinder by some 

Precocious, a. ripe before the time 
Preco'city, s. ripeness before the time 
Precogita'tion, s. previous consideration 
Preccgni'tion, s. previous knowledge 
Preconce'it, j. opinion antecedently formed 
Preconce'ive, v. a. to form an opinion be- 
forehand ; to imagine beforehand 
Preconcep'tion, s. a previous opinion 
Precontract, s. a previous contract 
Precu'rse, s. a forerunning; going before 
Precur'sor, s. a forerunner ; a harbinger 
Preda'ceous, a. living by prey or plunder 
Pre'dal,fl robbing; practising robbery 
Preda'tion, s. the act of plundering 
Preda'tious, a. plundering, rapacious 
Pre'datory, a. practising rapine ; ravenous 
Predecessor, s. one going before 
Predestina'riau, Predestina'tor, s. one who 

maintains the doctrine of predestination 
Predestinate, -u. to decree beforehand 
Predestination, s. according to the opinions 
of some, is a judgment of God, whereby 
he has determined, from all eternity, to 
save a certain number of persons, hence 
called ele3 ; it is also used to signify a 
supposed decree of Providence, by means 
whereof things are brought to pass by a 
fatal necessity, and maugre all opposition 
Predes'tine, v. a. to decree beforehand 
Predetermina'tion, s. previous resolution 
Pre'dial, a. consisting of farms 
Pred'icable, s . a logical term of affirmation 
Pred'icable, a. such as may be affirmed 
Predic'ament, s. a class, arrangement, kind 
Pred'icant, s. one that affirms any thing 
Predicate, s. what is affirmed of a subject 
Predicate, v. a. to affirm or declare 
Predication, u affirmation, declaratijm 

Predi'ct, v. a to foretel ; to foreshow 
Prediction, s. a prophecy ; a foretelling 
Predictor, s. one who foretels or prophesies 
Predilection, s. a prepossession in favour of 

any particular person or thing 
Predispo'se, v. a. to dispose beforehand 
Predisposition, s. previous adaptation 
Predominance, s. prevalence, superiority 
Predominant, a. prevalent, ascendant 
Predominate, v. n. to prevail in, or over 
Pre-ele'ct, v. a. to choose beforehand 
Pre-em'inence, j. superiority, precedence 
Pre-em'inent, a. excellent above others 
Pre-emp'tion,.f. right of buying before others 
Preen, v. a. See Preening 
Pre-enga'ge, v. a. to engage beforehand 
Pre-enga'gement, s, precedent obligation 
Preen'ing, s. the action of birds in cleaning 

and trimming their feathers 
Pre-estab'lish, v. a. to settle beforehand 
Pre-exi'st, v. a. to exist beforehand 
Pre-exist'ence, s. existence beforehand 
Pre-exist'ent, a. preceding in existence 
Preface, tj an introduction to a book, &c. 
Preface, v. to say something introductory 
Prefatory, a. introductory 
Pre'fect, s. a governor, a commander 
Prefecture, s. the office of government 
Prefe'r, v. a. to regard mere ; advance, raise 
Preferable, a. eligible before another 
Preference, :. estimation above another 
Prefer'ment, s. advancement, preference 
Prefiguration, s. antecedent representation 
Prefig'ure, v. a. to exhibit beforehand 
Prefl'ne, v. a. to limit beforehand 
Prefi'x, v. a. to appoint beforehand ; settle 
Prefi'x, s. a particle placed before a word 
Prefo'rm, v. a. to form beforehand 
Preg'nancy, s. the state of being with young; 

fertility; power; acuteness 
Preg'nant, a. breeding, teeming, fruitful 
Pregusta'tion, s. the act of tasting first 
Preju'dge, v. a. to judge beforehand ; gene- 
rally, to condemn beforehand 
Preju'dicate, a. formed by prejudice 
Prejudication, s. a judging beforehand 
Prejudice, s. prepossession, mischief, huft 
Prejudice, v. to fill with prejudice ; hurt 
Prejudicial, a. hurtful, injurious ; opposite 
Prel'acy, s. the dignity or office of a prelate 
Prel'ate, s. a bishop; a high ecclesiastic 
Prelat'ical, a. relating to prelates or prelacy 
Prelation, s. a preference ; a setting above 
Prelection, s. reading ; lecture 
Preliminary, a. previous, introductory, an- 
tecedently preparatory 
Prel'ude, s. a flourish of music before a fall 

concert ; something introductory 
Prelu'de, v. n. to serve as an introduction 
Prelu'sive, <?, introductory, proemtal 




Prematu're, a. ripe too soon ; too soon said 

or done ; too early ; too hasty 
Premed'itate, v. a to think beforehand 
Premedita'tion, /. a meditating beforehand 
Premer'it, v. a. to deserve before another 
Pre'mier, a. first, chief, principal 
Pre'mier, /. a chief person ; a first minister 
Premi'se, v. a. to explain previously 
Prem'ises, ;. lands, &c. before mentioned in 
a lease, &c. ; in logic, the two first propo- 
sitions of a syllogism ; in law, houses, &c. 
Prem'iss, /. an antecedent proposition 
Pre'mium, s. something given to invite a loan 

or a bargain 
Premon'ish, v. a. to warn beforehand 
Premoni'tion, s, previous intelligence 
Premon'itory, a. previously advising 
Premon'strate, v. a. to show beforehand 
Premuni're, s. a writ, a penalty, a distress 
Prenom'inate, v. a. to forename 
Prenuncia'tion, s. act of telling before 
Preoc'cupancy, s. taking possession before 
Preoc'cupate, v. a. to anticipate, prepossess 
Preoc'cupy, v. a. to seize before another 
Preopin'ion, s. prepossession, prejudice 
Preorda'in, v. a. to ordain beforehand 
Preor'dinance, s. antecedent decree 
Prepara'tion, s. act of preparing any thing 
to any purpose ; previous measures ; any 
thing made by process ; accomplishment 
Prepar'ative, a. serving to prepare 
Preparatory, a. introductory, antecedent 
Prepa're, v. to make ready, qualify, form 
Prepa're, s. preparation, previous measures 
Prepe'nse, a. forethought, preconceived 
Prepon'der, Preponderate, v. a. to outweigh ; 

to exceed by influence 
Preponderance, s. superiority of weight 
Preposi'tion, s. in grammar, a particle set be- 
fore a noun, and governing a case 
Preposse'ss, v. a. to prejudice, to bias 
Preposses'sion, s. first possession ; prejudice, 

preconceived opinion 
Prepos'terous, a. wrong, absurd, perverted 
Preposterously, ad. absurdly, strangely, &c. 
Pre'potency, s. predominance; superiority 
Pre'puce, s. the foreskin of the glans 
Prerequi're, v. a. to demand beforehand 
Prerequisite, a. that is previously necessary 
Prerogative, s. exclusive privilege or right 
Prerog'atived, a. having an exclusive privi- 
lege or right ; having prerogative 
Pres'age, Presa'gement, s. a prognostic 
Presa'ge, v. a. to forebode, to foreshow 
Pres'byter> s. a priest, a presbyterian 
Presbyte'rial, a. pertaining to a presbyter 
Presbyte'rian, ;. a follower of Calvin 
Pres'bytery, s. eldership ; priesthood ; also 

church government by lay elders 
Pres'cieiice, s. a knowledge, of futurity 

Pres'cient, a. foreknowing, prophetic 
Presci'nd, v. a. to cut off, to abstract 
Prescin'dent, a. abstracting ; cutting off 
Prescribe, v. to order ;, to direct medically 
Pre script, /. a direction, precept, order 
Prescription, u a rule produced and author- 
ized by long custom till it has the force of 
law ; a medical receipt 
Pres'eance, s. priority of place 
Pres'ence, s. a being present ; mien ; de* 

meanour ; quickness at expedients 
Pres'ent, a. not absent; not past; ready 
Pres'ent, s. a gift, a donative ; a mandate 
Prese'nt, v. a. to exhibit, to give, to prefer, 

to offer, to favour with gifts 
Present'able, a. what may be presented 
Presenta'neous, a. ready, immediate 
Presenta'tion, s. the gift of a benefice 
Presente'e, s. one presented to a benefice 
Presen'tial, a. supposing actual presence 
Presential'ity, s. state of being present 
Presently, ad. at present, soon after 
Presentment, s. the act of presenting 
Preservation, s. the act of preserving 
Preservative, ;. that has power to preserve 
Prese'rve, v. to save, keep, season fruits, &c-. 
Prese'rve, s. fruit preserved in sugar 
Preserver, j. one who preserves or keeps 
Presi'de, v. n. to be set over, direct, manage 
Presidency, s. superintendence 
President, 5. one at the head of a society 
Press, v. to squeeze ; distress ; urge, force 
Press, j. an instrument for pressing; a crowd, 
case for clothes ; instrument for printing - 
a forcing of men to military service 
Press'gang, s. a gang of sailors that go about 

to press men into naval service 
Press'ing, part. a. very urgent ; squeezing 
Press'ingly, ad. with force; closely 
Press'man, s. a printer who works at a press; 

one who forces away 
Press'money, s. money for pressed soldiers 
Press'ure, s. force ; affliction; an impression 
Prest, a. ready—parr, pressed...;, a loan 
Pres'to, s. in music, quick ; without delay 
Presu'mable, a. that may be presumed 
Presumably, ad. without examination 
Presu'me, v. n. to suppose ; affirm ; venture 
Presu'ming,j)flr/. a. supposing; confident 
Presump'tion, Presump'tuousness, s. a con- 
jecture ; confidence ; supposition previ- 
ously formed ; arrogance ; pride 
Presumptive, a. presumed ; supposed, as 
the presumptive heir; confident, arrogant 
Presump'tuous, a. haughty ; irreverent 
Presumptuously, ad. haughtily; proudly 
Presuppo'sal, s. supposal previously formed 
Presuppo'se, v. a. to suppose beforehand 
Presurmi'se, s. surmise previously formed 
Prete'nce, ;. a pretext j an assumption 

P R i 


P R I 

Prete'nd, v, to allege falsely ; to shew hy- 
pocritically ; to claim ; to presume 
Pretend'er, j, one who claims or arrogates 

to himself what does not belong to him 
Pretention, s. a claim ; a false appearance 
Preterimper'fect, a. in grammar, denotes the 

tense not perfectly past 
Pret'erit, a. in grammar, is the past tense 
Preterlap'sed, a. past and gone 
Pretermit, v. a. to pass by, omit, neglect 
Pretermis'sion, ;. the act of omitting 
Preternat'ural, a not natural ; irregular 
Preterper'fect, a. absolutely past 
Preterplu'perfect, a. time relatively past, or 

past before some other past time 
Prete'xt, s. a pretence, false allegation 
Pre'tor, ;. a Roman judge ; a mayor 
Preto'rian, a. judicial; exercised by a pretor 
Pret'tily, ad neatly, elegantly ; agreeably 
Pret'tiness,/. beauty without dignity 
Pret'ty, a. neat, elegant, handsome 
Pret'ty, ad. in some degree, nearly 
Preva'il, v. a. to be in force, overcome, per- 
suade, to have influence ; to have power 
Prevailing, a. having most influence 
Prevalence, s. superiority ; influence 
Prevalent, a. powerful, predominant 
Preva'ricate, v. n. to cavil ; to quibble 
Prevarica'tion, s. double dealing; shuffle 
Prevarica'tor, s. a caviller, a shuffler 
Preve'nient, a. preceding ; preventive 
Preve'nt, v. to hinder, to obstruct ;to guide 
Prevention, s. act of going before ; anticipa- 
tion, hinderance, prejudice 
Preventive, a. preservative, hindering 
Pre'vious, a. antecedent, going before 
Previously, ad. beforehand ; antecedently 
Prey, s. something to be devoured ; spoil 
Prey, v. to feed by violence ; plunder ; corrode 
Pri'apism, s. a preternatural tension 
Price, /. value ; estimation ; rate ; reward 
Prick, v. to pierce, to spur..^. a puncture 
Prick'et, ;. a buck in his 2d year; a basket 
Pric'kle, s. a small sharp point; a thorn 
Prick'ly, a. full of sharp points 
Pride, s, inordinate self-esteem ; haughti- 
ness ; insolrnt exultation ; ostentation 
Pride, v. a. to rate himself high ; make proud 
Priest, s. one who officiates at the altar 
Priest'craft, s. religious fraud 
Priest'ess, s. a female priest 
Priest'hood, s. the office of a priest 
Priest'liness, s . the manner, &c. of a priest 
Priest'ly, a. belonging to a priest; sacerdotal 
Priest'ridden, a. managed by priests 
Prig, s. a pert, conceited, little fellow 
Prim, a. formal, precise, affectedly nice 
Pri'macy, ;. dignity or office of a primate 
Pri'mage, s. a duty paid to a master of a ship 
for the use of his stores, &c. 

Pri'matily, ad. in the first intention 
Pri'mary, a. first in order, chief, principal 
Pri'mate,j. the chief ecclesiastic 
Prime, Pri'mal, a. early; first rate ; first 
Prime, s. the dawn ; the morning ; best part; 
spring of life ; the flower or choice ; height 
of health, beauty, or perfection 
Prime, v. a. to put powder into the touch 
pan or hole of a gun, &c. ; to lay the first 
colours on in painting 
Pri'mely, ad. originally, excellently, well 
Pri'mateship, s. dignity, &c. of a primate 
Prim'er, s. a small book for children 
Prime'ro, s. an ancient game at cards 
Pri'mest, a. best, most excellent 
Prime'val, a. original ; such as was at first 
Primitive, a. ancient, original, formal 
Prime'ness, s. state of being first ; excellence 
Prim'itively, ad. originally, primarily, at first 
Prim'ness, s. formality, demureness 
Primoge'nial, a. first-born ; original 
Primogeniture, s. state of being first born 
Primordial, a. existing from the beginning 
Prim'rose, s. the name of a flower 
Prince, .r. a sovereign ; a king's son ; chief 
Prince'dcm, s. the rank, estate, &c. of a 

prince ; sovereignty 
Prince'iike, a. becoming a prince 
Prince'ly, a. royal, august, generous 
Prin'cess, s. a sovereign lady ; the daughter 

of a king ; a prince's consort 
Prin'cipal, a. chief, capital, essential 
Principal, s. a head, a chief ; one primarily 

engaged ; a sum placed out at interest 
Principality, s. a prince's domain 
Principally, ad. chiefly ; above the rest 
Principia'tion, jr, analysis into constituent 

or elemental parts 
Principle, s. primordial substance ; constitu- 
ent part ; original cause, motive ; opinion 
Print, s. mark made by impression ; form, 
size, &c. of the types used in printing ; 
formal method. ..v. to mark by impressions 
Print'er, s. one who prints books, &e. 
Print'less, a. that leaves no impression 
Pri'or, a. former, antecedent, anterior 
I Pri'or, s. the head of a priory of monks 
! Pii'oress, s. superior of a convent of nuns 
! Prior'ity, s. precedence in time or place 
j Pri'orship, s. office or dignity of a prior 
| Pri'ory, s. a convent inferior to an abbey 
I Pri'sage, s. duty of a tenth upon lawful prize 
I Prism, s. a kind of mathematical glass 
! Prismat'ic, a. formed like a prism 
\ Prismat'ically, ad. in the form of a prism 
Prismo'id, .-. a solid body like a prism 
Pris'on, s. a gaol, place of confinement 
P'-isouba'se, s. a kind of rural play 
Pris'oned, part, shut up in piison 
Pris'onerj s. a captive, one under arrest 




Pris'tine, a. first, ancient, original 
Pri'thee, abbrev. for I pray thee 
Pri'vacy, s. secrecy, retreat, taciturnity 
Priva'do, s. a secret or intimate friend 
Pri'vate, a. secret, alone, particular, not re- 
lating to the public, not open 
Private'er, s. a private ship of war 
Pri'vately, ad. secretly, not openly 
Priva'tion, s. absence or loss of any thing ; 

obstruction, &c. 
Priv'ative, a. causing privation, negative 
Privilege, s. immunity, public right 
Privilege, v. a. to grant a privilege, exempt 
Privily, ad. privately^ secretly 
Privity, s. private concurrence 
Priv'y, a. private, secret, acquainted with 
Prize, s. a reward gained, booty 
Prize, -v. a. to rate, to esteem, value highly 
Probability, s. likelihood, appearance of 

truth, evidence of argument . 
Prob'able, a. likely, or like to be 
Prob'abiy, ad. likely, in all likelihood 
Pro'bat, or Pro'bate, s. the proof of wills, &c. 
Proba'tion, x. a proof, trial, noviciate 
Probationer,.;, one upon trial ; a novice 
Proba'tum-est, Lat. tried and proved 
Probe, s. a surgeon's instrument 
Probe, v. a. to search, to try with a probe 
Prob'ity, s. uprightness, honesty, veracity 
Problem, s. a question proposed for solution 
Problematical, a. uncertain, disputable 
Probos'cis, s. the trunk of an elephant, &c. 
Proca'city, ;. sauciness, petulance 
Procatarc'tic, a. forerunning, antecedent 
Proce'dure, s. manner of proceeding 
Proce'ed, v. ?3. to go on ; to arise from ; to 

prosecute ; to make progress, to advance 
Proceeding, ?. a transaction, legal process 
Procer'ity, s. tallness, length of stature 
Pro'cess, /. course of law; order of things 
Proces'sion, s. a train marching in solemnity 
Pro'chronism, s. an error in chronology 
Procla'im, v. to publish solemnly, to tell 

openly, to outlaw by public denunciation 
Proclamation, s. a public notice given by 
authority, a declaration of the king's will 
Proclivity, .f. propensity, readiness 
Procli'vous, a. inclined downwards 
Procon'sul, s. a Roman governor 
Procon'sulship, s. the office of a proconsul 
Pror.ras'tinate, v. to defer, delay, put off 
Procrastination, s. delay, dilatoriness 
Pro'creant, a. productive, pregnant 
Pro'create, v. a. to generate, to produce 
Procrea'tion, s. generation, production 
Pro'creative, a. generative, productive 
1'rocrea'tor, /, a generator, begetter 
Proc'tor, s, an advocate in the civil law ; an 
attorney in the spiritual court ; the ma- 
gistrate of the university 

Proc'torship, j. the office of a proftor 
Procum'bent, a. lying down, prone 
Procurable, a. obtainable, acquirable 
Procurator, s. a manager, agent, faftor 
Procu're, v. to obtain, to manage, to pimp 
Procu rer, s. an obtainer, pimp, pander 
Procu'ress, s. a bawd, a seducing woman 
prodigal, a. profuse, wasteful, lavish 
Prod'igal, s. a spendthrift, a waster 
Prodigality, /. extravagance, profusion 
Prodi'gious, a. amazing, monstrous, vast 
Prodi'giously, ad. amazingly, enormously 
Prod'igy, s. a preternatural thing ; a muir- 

ster ; any thing astonishing 
Piodi'tion, s. treason, treachery 
Produ'ce, v. a. to bring forth, yield, cause 
Prod'uce, /. amount, profit, product 
Produ'cent, /. one who exhibits or offers 
Prod'nct, j. the thing produced, work, effed 
Production, ;. whatever is produced 
Productive, a- fertile, generative, efficient 
Pro'em, s. a preface, an introduction 
Profana'tion, s. the aft of profaning, pollut- 
ing, or violating any thing sacred 
Profa'ne, a. not sacred ; irreverent ; polluted 
Profa'ne, v. a. to violate, to pollute, to put 

to wrong use, to misapply 
Profa'nely, ad. irreverently, wickedly 
Profa'neness, /. irreverence, impiety 
Profa'ner, s. one who profanes or pollutes 
Profe'ss,?;. to declare openly and plainly 
Profess'edly, ad. openly, avowedly 
Profes'sion, s. a vocation ; known employ- 
ment; calling; declaration, opinion 
Professional, a. relating to a particular pro- 
Profes'sor, s. a public teacher of some art 
Professorship, s. the office of a public teacher 
Proffer, v. a. to propose, offer, attempt 
Proffer, s. an offer made, essay, attempt 
Profi'cience, s. improvement gained, &c. 
Piofi'cient, s. one who has made good ad- 
vancement in any study or business 
Profile, s. the side-face, a half face 
Profit, s. gain, advantage, improvement 
Profit, v. to gain advantage, improve 
Profitable, a. lucrative, beneficial 
Profitableness, s. gainfulness, usefulness 
Profitably, ad. advantageously, gainfully 
Profitless, a. void of gain or advantage 
Profligacy, s. profligate behaviour 
Profligate, a. wicked, abandoned, debauch- 
ed, lost to virtue and decency, shameless 
Profligate, s, an abandoned wretch 
Prnf'luence, s. progress, course 
Prof luent, a. flowing forward, or plentifully 
Profou'nd, a. deep, learned, humble, lowly 
Profun'dity, s. depth of place or knowledge 
Profu'se, a. lavish, wasteful, overabcunding 
Profu'seness, s. lavishness, prodigality 





Profusion, j. prodigality, exuberance, plenty 
Prog, s. victuals, provisions of any kind 
Prog, v. n. to shift meanly for provisions 
Progen'itor, s. an ancestor in a direct line 
Pro'geny, s. offspring, issue, generation 
Prognos'tic, s. a prediction, a token forerun- 

ning...«. foretokening 
Prognos'ticate, v. a. to foretel, to foreshow 
Prognosiica'tion, ;. the act of foretelling 
Prognostica'tor, s. one who foretels 
Pro'gress, s. a course ; improvement 
Progression, /. regular advance, course 
Progres'sional, a. advancing, increasing 
Progressive, a. going forward, advancing 
Progressively, ad. by a regular course 
Prohib'it, v. a. to forbid, debar, hinder 
Prohibition, s. an interdiction, &c. 
Prohibitory, a implying prohibition 
Pro'ject, s. a scheme, contrivance, design 
Proje'ft, v. to scheme, contrive ; jut out 
Projec'tile, s. a body put in motion 
Projection, s. act of shooting forwards, de- 
lineation ; scheme, plan 
Project'or, s. one who forms schemes, &c 
Project'ure, s. a jutting out 
Prola'pse, v. a. to extend out too much 
Prola'te, v. a. to pronounce, to utter 
Prola'te, a. oblate, fiat 
Prola'tion, s. pronunciation, delay 
Prolep'sis, s. an anticipation of objections 
Prolep'tical, a. previous, antecedent 
Proletarian, a wretched, vile, vulgar 
Prolific, Prolif ical, a. fruitful, generative 
Proli'x, a. tedious, not concise, dilatory 
Prolix'ity, s. tediousness, want of brevity 
Prolocu'tor, s. the speaker of a convocation 
Prolocu'torship, s. the office of a prolocutor 
Pro'logue, s. a speech before a stage play 
Piolo'iig, 7». a. to lengthen out, to put off 
Prolongation, s. a delay to a longer time 
Prolu'sion, s. a diverting performance 
Promenr-'f' ■, s. a walk, walking 
jProm'ine-. :e, s. a jutting out, protuberance 
.Prom'inent, a. jutting or standing out 
promiscuously, ad. with confused mixture 
promis'cuous, a. mingled, confused 
prom'ise, v. to give one's word, to assure 
prom'iser, ;. one who promises 
promising, part. a. giving hopes 
Promissory, a. containing a promise 
From'ontory, s. a headland, a cape 
promo'te, v. a. to forward, advance, exalt 
Promo'ter, s. an advancer, encourager 
Proino'tion, s. encouragement, preferment 
Promo've, v. a. to forward, to promote 
Prompt, a. quick, ready, prepense, acute 
Prompt, v. a. to assist, to incite, to remind 
Prompt'er, s. one who helps a public speaker, 

by suggesting the word to him, &c. 
Promp'titude, s. readiness, quickness 

/ Promp'tuary, /. a magazine, a repository 
I Promulgate, Promul'ge, v. a. to publish, to 

teach openly 
! Promulgation, j. publication, exhibition 
| Promulgator, s. a publisher, open teacher 
j Prone, a. bending downward, inclined 
; Pro'neness, s. an inclination ; a descent 
! Prong, /. a fork, a pitch-fork 
Pronom'inal, a. belonging to a pronoun 
Pvo'noun, s. a word used for a noun 
Pronou'nce, v. to speak, to utter, to pais 

judgment, to utter sentence 
Pronoun'cer, /. one who pronounces 
Pronunciation, s. the mode of utterance 
Proof, ;. trial, test, evidence ; impenetrabili- 
ty ; a rough sheet of print to be corrected 
Proof, a. impenetrable, able to resist 
Proofless, a. wanting evidence, unproved 
Prop, /. a support, that which holds up 
Prop, v. a, to support, to sustain, to keep up 
Prop'agate, v. to generate, increase, extend 
Propaga'tion, s. a generation, production 
Prope'l, 17. a. to drive forward 
Prope'nd, 17. n. to incline to any part or side 
Propen'dency, s. inclination of desire 
Prope'nse, a. inclined, disposed, prone to 
Propensity, s. inclination, tendency 
Prop'er, a. peculiar, fit, exact j one's own, 
Prop'erly, ad. fitly ; in a strict sense 
Prop'erty, s. peculiar quality ; possession 
Proph'ecy, s. a prediction, declaration 
Proph'esy, 17. n. to predict, to foretel 
Proph'et, s. a foreteller of future events 
Proph'etess, s. a female prophet 
Prophet'ic, a. foretelling future events 
Prophylac'tic, a. preventive, preservative 
Propin'quity, j, proximity, kindred 
Propi'tiate, v. a. to induce, to favour, to gain 
Propitia'tion, s. an atonement for a crime 
Propi'tiatory, a. serving to propitiate 
Propi'tious, a. favourable, kind, merciful 
Propi'tiously, ad. favourably, kindly 
Pro'plasm, s. a mould, a matrix 
Propo'nent, s. one who makes a proposal 
Propor'tion, s. an equal part, ratio, size 
Propor'tion, v. a. to adjust parts, to fit 
Propor'tionable, a. adjusted, such as is fit 
Propor'tional, a. having due proportion 
Propor'tional, s. a quantity in proportion 
Proportionally, ad. in a stated degree 
Proportionate, a. adjusted to something else 

that is according to a certain rate 
Propo'sal, s. a proposition or design pro- 
pounded to consideration or acceptance 
Propo'se, 17. a. to offer to the consideration 
Proposi'tion, s. a thing proposed ; a sentence 

in which any thing is affirmed or decreed 
Proposi'tional, a considered as a proposition 
Propo'und, 17. a. to propose, offer, exhibit 
Proprietary, s, an owner in his own right 



Proprietor, s> a possessor in Ms own right 
Propriety, ;. an exclusive right, accuracy 
Propu'gn, v. a. to defend, to vindicate 
Propul'sion, s. the act of driving forward 
Prore, s. the prow or fore part of a ship 
Prorogation, s. a prolongation, continuance 
Proro'gue, v. a. to protract, put off, delay 
Prorup'tion, s. the act of bursting out 
Prosa'ic, a. belonging to or like prose 
Proscribe, v. a. to censure capitally 
Proscription, s. a doom to destruction, out- 
lawry; confiscation of property 
Prose, s the usual way of speaking or writ- 
ing, in opposition to verse 
Pros'ecute, v. a. to pursue, continue, sue 
Prosecution, /. a pursuit ; a criminal suit 
Pros'ecutor, s. one who pursues any purpose 
Pros'elyte, s. a convert to a new opinion 
Prosemina'tion, s. propagation by seed 
Proso'dian, s. one skilled in prosody 
Pros'ody, s. that part of grammar that teach- 
es the sound and quantity of syllables, and 
the measures of verse 
Prosopopce'ia, s. a figure in rhetoric, by 
which things are made persons ; personi- 
Pros'pect, s. a view, an object of view 
Prospective, a. viewing at a distance 
Pros'per, v. to be successful, to thrive 
Prosperity, s. good success, good fortune 
Prosperous, a. successful, fortunate 
Prospi'cience, s. the act of looking forward 
Prosterna'tion, s. dejection, depression 
Pros'titute, a. vicious for hire 
Prostitute , s. a public strumpet, a hireling 
Prostitution, s. the act of prostituting 
Prostrate, a. laid flat along, lying at mercy 
Prostrate, v. a. to throw down, to lay flat, 

to cast one's self at the feet of another 
Prostration, s. the act of falling down in ad- 
oration; dejection, depression 
Prote'ct, v. a. to defend, to save, to shield 
Protection, s. a defence, a shelter 
Protective, a. defensive, sheltering 
Protect'or, s. a defender, supporter, regent 
Prote'nd, v. a. to hold out, to stretch forth 
Prote'st, v. to give a solemn declaration, &c. 
Protest, s. a declaration against a thing 
Prot'estant, s. one of the reformed religion, 

who protests against popery 
Protestation, j. a solemn declaration, a vow 
Prothon'otary, s. a head register or notary 
Protocol, /. the original copy of a writing 
Protomartyr, s. the first martyr, St. Stephen 
Prototype, s. the original of a copy 
Protra'ct, v. a. to draw out, delay, lengthen 
Protraction, /. a delay, a lengthening out 
Protract'ive, a. dilatory, delaying 
Protru'de, thrust forward 
P:otru'sion 3 s. the act of thrusting forward 

Protuberance, j. a swelling above the rest 
Protuberant, a. prominent, swelling 
Proud, a. elated, arrogant, lofty, grand 
Proud'ly, ad. arrogantly, ostentatiously 
Prove, v. to evince, to try ; to experience 
Pro'veable, a. that may be proved 
?roved'itor, Provedo're, s. one who under, 

takes to procure supplies for an army 
Prov'ender, s. food for brutes, hay, corn , &c# 
Prov'erb, s. a maxim ; a common saying 
Proverb'ial, a. mentioned in a proverb 
Provi'de, v. to prepare ; supply ; stipulate 
Prov'idence, s. the care of God over created 
beings ; divine superintendence; prudence, 
frugality, foresight 
Prov'ident, a. forecasting ; cautious ; pru- 
dent with respect to futurity 
Providential, a. effected by Providence 
Providentially, ad. by the care of Providence 
Prov'ince, s. a conquered country ; a coun- 
try governed by a delegate ; office ; busi- 
ness ; region ; tract 
Provincial, a. relating to a province ; rude 
Provincial, s. a spiritual or chief governor 
Provin'ciate, -o. a. to turn to a province 
Provi'sion, s. a providing beforehand ; vict- 
uals, food ; measures taken ; terms settled 
Provisional, a. temporarily established 
Provi'so, ;. a stipulation ; a caution 
Provocation, s, a cause of anger 
P rovo'cative, s. any thing which revives a 

decayed or cloyed appetite 
Provo'ke, v. a. to rouse, enrage, challenge 
Provo'kingly, ad. so as to raise anger 
Prov'ost, s. the chief of any corporate bodyj 

a military executioner 
Prow, s . the head or fore part of a ship 
Prow'ess, s. bravery, military courage 
Prowl, v. to rove over; wander for prey 
Prox'imate, a. next, near; immediate 
Prox'ime, a. immediate, next 
Proxim'ity, s. nearness ; neighbourhood 
Prox'y, s. a«ubstitute or agent for another 
Pruce, s . Prussian leather 
Prude, j. a woman over-nice and scrupulous 
Pru'dence, s. wisdom applied to practice 
Pru'dent, a. practically wise, discreet 
Prudential, a. upon principles of prudence 
Prudentials, s. maxims of prudence 
Pru'dently, ad. wisely, discreetly 
Pru'dery, s. overmuch nicety in conduct 
Pru'dish,«. affectedly grave 
Prune, s. a dried plum...?;, to lop trees, &c. 
Prunei'lo, s. a kind of silken stuff ; a plum 
Pru'rience, s. an itching or great desire 
Pru'rient, a. itching, hot, eager 
Pry, v. n. to inspect officiously, &c. 
Psalm, s. a holy song, a sacred hymn 
Psalm'ist, s. a writer, &c. of psalms 
Psal'mody, i. a singing of psalms 

P U L 



Psal'ter, s . a psalm book, book of psalms 
Psal'tery, s. a kind of harp for psalms 
Pseu'do, a. false, counterfeit, pretended 
Pseudol'ogy, s. false speaking, lying 
Pshaw ! inter, expressing contempt, &c. 
Pti'san, s. a cooling medical drink made of 

barley, decocted with raisins, &c 
Pu'berty, s. ripeness of age, time of life in 
which the two sexes begin first to be ac- 
Pubes'cent, a. arriving at puberty 
Public, a. common, not private, manifest 
Pub'lic, s. the body of a nation ; the people 
Publican, i. a toll -gatherer ; a victualler 
Publica'tion, s. the act of publishing 
Pub'liclv, ad. openly, in full view 
Publish, v. a. to make known, to set forth 
Publisher, s. one who publishes a book 
Pu'celage, s. a state of virginity 
Puck, s. a supposed sprite or fairy 
Puck'er, v. a. to gather into plaits or folds 
Pud'der, s. a noise, bustle, tumult 
Pud'ding, s. a sort of food ; a gut 
Pud'dle, ;. a small dirty lake, a dirty plash 
Pu'dency, Pudi'city, s. modesty, chastity 
Pu'erile, a. childish, boyish, trifling 
Puerility, /. childishness, boyishness 
Pu'et, /. a kind of water fowl 
Puff, s. a small blast or breath of wind ; an 
utensil used in powdering the hair ; any 
thing light or porous ; undeserved praise 
Puff, v. a. to swell with wind ; to pant 
Puffin, s. a water fowl ; a fish 
Puffy, a. windy ; flatulent ; tumid ; turgid 
Pug, /. a small Dutch dog ; a monkey 
Pugh ! inter, denoting contempt 
Pu'gil, s. a small handful 
Puisne, a. young, younger ; later in time ; 

petty, small, inconsiderable 
Puis'sance, s. power, force, might 
Puis'sant, a. powerful, mighty, forcible 
Puke, Pu'ker, s. a medicine causing a vomit 
Pul'chritude, s. bpauty, grace, comeliness 
Pule, v. n. to whine, to cry, to whimper 
Pulkha',/. a Laplander's travelling sledge 
Pull, s. the act of pulling, a pluck 
Pull, v. a. to draw violently, to pluck, to tear 
Pullet, s. a young hen 
Pulley, s. a small wheel for a running cord 
Pullulate, v. n. to germinate ; to bud 
Pul'monary, a. pertaining to the lungs 
Pulp, s. any soft mass, soft part of fruit 
Pul'pit, s. an exalted place to speak in 
Pul'py, a. soft, pappy, full of pulp 
Pulsa'tion, s. act of beating or moving with 
quick strokes against any thing opposing ; 
also the beating of the pulse or arteries 
Pulse, s. motion of the blood ; all sorts of 

grain contained in pods 
Pul'sion, /. the act of driving forward 

Pul'verize, v. a. to reduce to powder or dust 
Pul'vil, s. sweet scents.-.-u. a. to perfume 
Pumice, /. a spungy stone, full of pores 
Pump, s. a water engine ; a sort of shoe 
Pump, v. to work a pump, to throw out wa- 
ter by a pump ; to examine artfully 
Pun, s. an equivocation, a quibble 
Pun, v. n. to quibble, to play upon words 
Punch, s. an instrument ; a buffoon ; liquor 
Punch, v. a. to bore a hole with a punch 
Punch'bowl, s. a bowl to make punch in 
Pun'cheon, s. a tool ; a cask of 84 gallons 
Punchinello, .'. a buffoon ; a puppet 
Punctilio, s. a nicety of behaviour 
Punctilious, a. exact, nice, ceremonious 
Punc'to, s. ceremony ; the point in fencing 
Punc'tual, a. exact, nice, punctilious 
Punctuality, Punc'tualness, /.exactness 
Punctually, ad. exactly, scrupulously 
Punctuation, j. the method of pointing 
Punc'tulate, v. to mark with small spots 
Punc'ture, s. a hole made with a sharp point 
Pun'dle, s. a short and fat woman 
Pun'gency, s. power of pricking ; acridness 
iPun'gent, a. pricking, sharp, acrimonious 
Pu'nic, a. false, treacherous 
Pu'niness, /. smallness, tenderness 
Punish, v. a. to chastise, to correct, to afflict 
Punishable, a. worthy of punishment 
Punishment, s. any infliction imposed in 

vengeance of a crime ; chastisement 
Puni-'tion, /. punishment 
Punk, s. a strumpet ; a prostitute 
Pun'ster, s. one who is fond of puns 
Punt, v. n. to play at basset or ombre 
Pu'ny, a. young; inferior ; peaking ; weakly 
Pup, -v. n. to bring forth puppies 
Pu'pil, /. the apple of the eye ; a scholar 
Pu'pilage, s. minority ; wardship ; the state 

of being a scholar 
Pu'pillary, a. pertaining to a pupil 
Pup'pet, s. a small doll ; a wooden image 
Pup'petshow, s. a mock play by images 
Pup'py, 5. a whelp ; a saucy, ignorant fellow 
Pur'blind, a. short-sighted, near-sighted 
Pur'chase, s. any thing bought for a price 
Pur'chase, v. a. to buy, to obtain at an ex- 
pense •, to expiate by a fine, &c. 
Purchaser, s. one who makes a purchase 
Pure, a. not sullied ; chaste ; unmir.gled 
Pu'rely, ad. in a pure manner ; merely 
Purgation, ;. the act of cleansing, &c, 
Pur'gative, a. cleansing downwards 
Pur'gatory, s. a place in which the Papists 
suppose that souls are purged by fire from 
carnal impurities, before they are received 
into heaven 
Purge, /. a medicine causing stools 
Purge, v. to cleanse, clear, evacuate by stqfel 
Pur'ging, s. a cleansing ; a looseness 




Purification, s. the a<t of purifying, &c. 
Pu'rifier, s. a cleanser, a refiner 
Pu'rify, v. to make or grow pure ; to clear 
Pu'rjtan, s. a sectary pretending to eminent 

sanctity of religion 
Puritart'ical, a. relating to puritans 
Pu'ritanism, s. the doctrine of the puritans 
Pu'rity, s. cleanness, chastity, innocence 
Pari, s. a kind of lace ; a bitter malt liquor 
Purl, v. n. to flow with a gentle noise 
Pur'lieu, s. an enclosure> district, border 
Pur'ling, part. a. running with a murmuring 

noise, as a stream or brook does 
Purlins, s. inside braces to rafters 
Purlo'in, v. a. to steal, to pilfer, to filch 
Pur'party, s. a share, a part in a division 
Pur'ple, a. red tinctured with blue 
Pur'ples, s. purple spots in a fever 
Pur'plish, s. somewhat purple ; like purple 
Pur'port, s. a design, tendency, meaning 
Pur'port, v. a. to intend, to tend to shew 
Pur'pose, /. intention, design, effect 
Pur'pose, v. a. to design, intend, resolve 
Purr, v. n. to murmur as a cat or leopard 
Purse, s. a small bag to contain money, &c 
Pur'ser, s. an officer on board a ship w»o has 

the care of the provisions, &c 
Pursu'able, a. what may be pursued 
Pursu'ance, s. in process ; in consequence 
Pursu'ant, a. done in consequence or prose- 
cution of any thing 
Pursu'e, v. to chase, to continue, to proceed 
Pursu'it, s. the act of following ; a chase 
Pur'suivant, /. an attendant on heralds 
Pur'sy, a. short-breathed and fat 
Pur'tenance, s. the pluck of an animal 
Purvey', v. to buy in provisions ; to procure 
Purveyance, s. providing victuals, corn, &c. 
Purvey'or, s. one who provides victuals 
Pur'view, s. a proviso ; a providing clause 

Pu'rulence, s. generation of pus or matter 
Pu'rulent, a. full of corrupt matter or pus 
Pus, s. corruption, or thick matter issuing 

from a wound or sore 
Push, v. to thrust, to push forward, to urge 
j Push, s. a thrust ; attack ; trial ; pimple 
( Push'ing, a. enterprising ; vigorous 
i Pusillanimity, s. cowardice, timidity 
J Pusillanimous, a. mean-spirited, cowardly 
I Puss, s. the term for a hare or cat 
j Fus'tule, s. a little pimple or wheal ; a push 

Pus'tulous, a. full of pustules, pimply 
j Put, v. to lay, place ; repose ; urge ; state ; 
unite ; propose ; form ; regulate 
Put, s. an action of distress ; a game 
Pu'tative, a. supposed ; reputed 
Pu'tid, a. mean, low, worthless 
Putrefac'tion, s. rottenness 
Putrefac'tive, a. making rotten 
Pu'trefy, v. to rot, to make rotten 
Putrescent, a. growing rotten 
Pu'trid, a. rotten, corrupt, offensive 
Put'toc, s. a bird, the buzzard 
Put'ty, s . a cement used by glaziers 
Puz'zle, v. a. to embarrass, to perplex 
Pyg'my, s. a dwarf ; a fabulous person 
Pyr'amid, s. a pillar ending in a point 
Pyramidlcal, a. in the form of a pyramid 
Pyre, s. a pile on which the dead are burnt 
Pyretlcs, s. medicines which cure fevers 
Pyri'tes, s. a marcasite ; a firestone 
Py'romancy, s. a divination by fire 
Pyrotech'nical, a. relating to fireworks 
Py'rotechny, /. the art of making fireworks 
Pyr'rhonism, s. scepticism ; universal doubt 
Pythagore'an, a. relating to the doctrines of 
Pythagoras, on the transmigration of souls, 
and the situation of the heavenly bodies 
Pyx, s. the box in which the Roman Catho- 
lics keep the host 


QIS frequently used as an abbreviation 
for question, queen, and quere 
Quack, v. n. to cry like a duck ; to brag 
Quack, /. a tricking practitioner in physic 
Ouack'ery, s. mean or bad acts in physic 
Quadragesimal, a. pertaining to Lent 
Quad'rangle, >. a figure that has four right 

sides, and as many angles 
Ouadran'gular, a having four right angles 
Quad'rant, s. the fourth part ; an instrument 

with which altitudes are taken 
Ouadrant'al, a. in the fourth part of a circle 
Ouad'rate, a, having four equal side3 
Quadratic, a, belonging to a square 

Quadren'nial, a. comprising four years 
Quad'rible, a. that may be squared 
Quadrif'id, a. cloven into four divisions 
Quadrilat'eral, a. having four sides 
Quadrille, s. a game at cards 
Quadripartite, a. divided into four parts 
Quad'ruped, s. a four-footed animal 
Quadru'ple, a. fourfold, four times told 
Quaff, v. to drink luxuriously, or largely 
Quag'gy, a. boggy, soft, not solid 
Quag'mire, s. a shaking marsh, a bog 
Quail, s. a bird of game 
Quail'pipe, s. a pipe to allure quails with 
Quaint, a. nice, superfluously exact 




Quaint'ly, ad. nicely, exactly ; artfully 
Quake, v. n. to shake with cold or fear 
Qualification, s. an accomplishment, &c. 
Qual'ify, v. a. to make fit ; soften, modify 
Qual'ity, /. nature relatively considered ; 

property ; temper ; rank ; qualification 
Qualm, s. a sudden fit of sickness ; a tempo- 
rary rising of the conscience 
Qualm'ish, a. seized with sickly languor 
Ouanda'ry, s. a doubt ; a difficulty 
Quantity, j. bulk ; weight; portion; mea- 
sure of time in pronouncing syllables 
Quan'tum, s. the quantity, the amount 
jQuar'antine, ;. the space of 40 days, during 
which a ship, suspected of infection, is o- 
bliged to forbear intercourse or commerce 
Ouar'rel, s. a brawl, scuffle, contest 
Ouar'rel, v. n. to debate ; scuffle ; find fault 
Quar'relsome, a. inclined to quarrels 
Quar'ry, s. an arrow ; game ; stone-mine 
Ouar'ry, v. n. to prey upon ; to feed on 
Quart, s. the fourth part of a gallon 
Ouart'an-ag-zie, s. an ague whose fit returns 

every fourth day 
Quarta'tion, s. a chymical operation 
Quarter, s. a fourth part ; mercy ; station ; 

region ; a measure of eight bushels 
Quarter, v. a. to divide into four parts ; to 
station soldiers ; diet ; to bear as an ap- 
pendage to the hereditary arms 
Quarterage, s. a quarterly allowance 
Quarterde'ck, s. the short upper deck 
Quarterly, a. once in a quarter of a year 
Quartermaster, s. an officer who regulates 

the quarters for soldiers 
Quartern, s. the fourth part of a pint 
Quarterstaff, s. an ancient staff of defence 
Quarto, s. a book of which every leaf is a 

quarter of a sheet 
Quash, v. to crush, to squeeze ; to subdue 

suddenly; to annul, to make void 
Quash, s, a pompion, a kind of melon 
Quater'nion, ;. the number four 
Quat'rain,*. four lines rhyming alternately 
Oua'ver, v.n. to shake the voice ; to vibrate 
Quay, s. a key for landing goods 
Quean, s. a worthless woman, a strumpet 
Queas'y, a. fastidious, squeamish, sick 
Queck, v. n. to shrink ; to show pain 
Quean, s. the wife of a king 
Queer, a. odd, strange ; original ; awkward 
Queer'ly, ad. particularly ; oddly ; strangely 
Quell, v. to crush ; subdue ; appease ; kill 
Quench, -v. to extinguish fire, allay, cool 
Quench'less, a. unextinguishable 
Ouer'ele, s. a complaint to a court 
Que'rist, ;. an asker of questions 
Quer'po. s. a dress close to the body 
Quer'ulous, a. habitually complaining 
Que'ry, 4. a question, an inquiry 

Quest, t. a search ; an empannelled jury 
Question, s. interrogatory, dispute, doubt 
Question, v. to inquire, examine, doubt 
Questionable, a. doubtful, suspicious 
Questionless, ad. without doubt, certainly 
Quest'man, s. a starter of lawsuits; an in- 
quirer into misdemeanors, &c. 
Quest'or, s. a Roman public treasurer 
Quest'uary, a. studious of profit, greedy 
Quib, 5. a sarcasm, a bitter taunt 
Quib'ble, v. n. to equivocate, to pun 
Quib'bler, /. a punster, an equivocator 
Quick, a. living ; swift, speedy, ready 
Quick, s. living flesh ; any sensible part 
Quick'enj-y. to make or become alive ; excite 
Ouick'lime, s. lime unslaked 
Quick'ly, ad. speedily, actively, nimbly 
Ouick'ness, s. speed, activity, sharpness 
Quick'sand, j. a shifting or shaking sand 
Quick'set, s. a sort of thorn of which hedges 

are made ; a living plant, set to grow 
Quicksight'ed, a. having a sharp sight 
Quick'silver, s. mercury, a fluid mineral 
Quid'dany,j.marmalade,confection of quinces 
Quid'dity, s. a quirk, cavil, essence 
Quies'cence, Quies'cency, s. rest, repose 
Quies'cent, a. resting, lying at repose 
Qui'et, a. still, smooth...*, rest, repose 
Qui'et, v. a. to calm, pacify, put to rest 
Oui'etist, s. one who places religion in quiet 
Oui'etism, s. tranquillity of mind 
Qui'etly, ad. calmly, peaceably, at rest 
Oui'etude, s. rest, repose, tranquillity 
Quietus, 5. a full discharge ; rest, death 
Quill, s. the strong feather of the wing 
Quillet, s. a subtilty ; nicety ; quibble 
Quilt, x. the cover of a bed...i>. a. to stitch 
one cloth upon another with something 
soft between them 
Quince, s. a tree and its fruit 
Quin'cunx, s. a plantation ; a measure 
Quinquages'ima, s. Shrove- Sunday - 
Quinqui'na, s. the drug Jesuit's bark 
Quin'sey, s. a disease in the throat 
Quint, s. a set or sequence of five 
Quint'al, s. a hundred pound weight 
Quintes'sence, s. the spirit, chief force, 0/ 

virtue of any thing ; a fifth being 
Quintuple, a. five-fold, five times told 
Quip, 5. a jest, a taunt. ..v. a. to rally 
Quire, s. twenty-four sheets of paper 
Quir'ister, s. a chorister 
Quirk, s. a subtilty ; pun, smart taunt 
Quit, v. a. to discharge, requite, give 
Quite, ad. completely, perfectly 
Quittent, /. a small reserved rent 
Quits, ad. even in bet, upon equal terms 
Quittance, s. a receipt, a recompense 
Quiv'er, s. a case for arrows. ..-p. n. to quake 
Quod'libet, t. a subtilty ; a nice point 

R A I 



Ouoif, Ouoif'fure, s. a cap, a head-dress 
Quoin, s. a corner ; wedge ; instrument 
Quoit, s. an iron to pitch at a mark 
Qaon'dam, a. having been formerly 
Ouo'rum, ;. a special commission of justices 
of the peace, &c. before whom all matters 
of importance must be transacted 
§uo'£a, s. a share, rate, proportion 

Quotation, /. a citation, a passage quoted 
Quote, v. to cite an author, to adduce the; 

words of another 
Quoth, v. imperf. for say or said 
Quotid'ian, a. daily, happening everyday 
Quo'tient, s. in arithmetic, is the number 

produced by tbe division of the two given 

numbers the one by the other 


RTS frequently used as an abbreviation ; 
in physicians' bills it stands for re- 
cipe ; it is also put for Rev, the king ; 
ami Rrgi>ia,the queen 
Raba'te, v. n. to recover a hawk to the fist 
Kab'bet, s. a joint in carpentry, a groove 
Rafo'bi, or Rab'bin, s. a Jewish doctor 
Rabbin'icbl, a. relating to rabbies 
Rab'bit, s. a four-footed furry animal 
Rab'ble, s. an assemblage of low people 
Rab'id, a. mad, furious, raging 
Race, s. a family, generation ; particular 

breed ; running match, course ; train 
Ra'ciness, /. the state of being racy 
Rack, s. an engine to torture with ; extreme 

pain ; a frame for hay, bottles, &c. 
Rack, v. a. to torment, harass ; defecate 
Rnck'rent, s. rent raised to the utmost 
Rack'et, j. a noise ; a thing to strike a ball 
Racoo'n, s. an American animal 
Ra'cy, a. strong, flavourous ; also, what by 

age has lost its luscious quality 
Ra'diance, s. a sparkling lustre, glitter 
Ra'diant, a. shining, brightly sparkling 
Ra'diate, v.n. to emit rays ; to shine 
Ra'diated, a. adorned with rays 
Radia'tion, s. an emission of rays 
Rad'ical, a. primitive ; implanted by nature 
Radically, ad. originally, primitively 
Rad'icate, v.a. to root,piant deeply and firmly 
Rad'ish, s. a root which is eaten raw 
Ra'dius, s. the semidiavneter of a circle 
Raff, v. a. to sweep, to huddle 
Raffle, v. n. to cast dice for a prize 
Raffle, s. a casting dice for prizes 
Raft, s. a float of timber 
Raft'er, s. the roof timber of a house 
Rag, /. worn out clothes, a tatter 
Ragamuffin, s. a paltry, mean fellow 
R ige, s. violent anger, fury, passion 
Rag'ged, a. rent into, or drestinrags ; rugged 
Ra'gingly, ad. with vehement fury 
RagOu't, /. meat stewed and high seasoned 
Rail, s. a sort of wooden or iron fence 
Rail, v. to enclose with rails ; to insult 

Rail'lery, s. slight satire, satirical mirth 
Ra'iment, s. vesture, garment, dress 
Rain, s. water falling from the clouds 
Rain'bow, s. an arch of various colours which 
appears in showery weather, formed by 
the refra&ion of the sun-beams 
Rain'deer, s. a large northern deer 
Rain'y, a. showery, wet 
Raise, v. a. to lift, to erett, to exalt, to levy 
Rais'in, j. a dried grape 
Rake, s. a tool with teeth ; a loose man 
Rake, v. to gather or clear with a rake ; to 

scour ; to heap together ; to search 
Ra'ker, s. one who rakes ; a scavenger 
Ra'kish, a. loose, lewd, dissolute 
Ra'kehell, s. a wild, worthless, debauched 

Ral'ly, v. to treat with satirical merriment 5 

to put disordered forces into order 
Ram, s. a male sheep 
Ram, v. a. to drive with violence 
Ram'ble, s. an irregular excursion 
Ram'ble, v. n. to rove loosely, to wander 
Ram'bler, s. a rover, a wanderer 
Ram'bling, s. the acT: of rambling 
Rrimifica'tion, s. division, or separation into 

branches ; a branching out'ify, v. to separate into branches 
Ram'mer, s. an instrument to force the 
charge into a gun, or drive piles, &c into 
the ground 
Ra'mous,a. consisting, or full of branches 
Ramp, /. a leap, spring 
Ramp, v. n. to climb, to leap about 
Ramp'ant, a. exuberant, frisky, wanton 
j Ramp'art, Ram'pire, s. the wall round forti- 
fied places ; platform behind the parapet 
j Ran, preterite of to run 
j Ran'cid, a. strong scented •, stinking 
Ran'corous, a. malignant, malicious in the 

utmost degree 
Ran'cour, s. inveterate malignity 
Ran'dom, a. done by chance, without plan 
Ran'dom, s. want of direction, rule, or me- 
thod ; chance, hazard, roving motion 



R E A 

Rand, s. a border ; the seam of a shoe 
Rang, preterite of to ring 
Range, s. a rank ; excursion ; kitchen grate 
Range, v. to place in order or ranks ; rove 
Ra'nger, s. a rover, a forest officer 
Rank, a. rancid ; coarse ; high grown 
Rank, s. a line of men ; class ; dignity 
Rank, v. to place in a row, to arrange 
Ran'kle, v n. to fester, to be inflamed 
Ran'sack, v. a. to plunder, to search 
Ran'som, ,-. a price paid for liberty 
Rant, s. 2n extravagant flight of words 
Rant, v. n. to rave in high sounding language 
Rant'ipole, a. wild, roving, rakish 
Ranun'culus, s. the flower crowfoot 
Rap, ;. a quick, smart blow 
Rapa'cious, a. seizing by violence, greedy 
Rapa'city, s. addictedness to plunder 
Rape, s. a violent (feneration of chastity ; 

snatching away ; a plant 
Rap'id, a. quick, swift, violent 
Rapid'ity, s. celerity, velocity, swiftness 
Ra'pier, s. a small sword for thrusting 
•Ra'pier-fish, ;. the fish called ziphias 
Rap'ine, s. act of plundering, violence 
R.apt, v. n. to ravish, to put in ecstasy 
Rap'ture, ;. ecstasy, transport ; rapidity 
Rap turous, a. ecstatic, transporting 
Rare, a. scarce ; excellent ; subtle ; raw 
Ra'reeshow, s. a show carried in a box 
Rarefac'tion, t. an extension of the parts of 

any body 
Ra'refy, v. to make or become thin 
Ra'rely, ad. seldom ; finely ; accurately 
Ra'reness, Ra'rity, s. uncommonness 
Ras'cal, f. a mean fellow, a scoundrel 
Rascal'ion, /. one of the lowest people 
Rascal'ity, ;. the scum of the people 
Ras'cally, a. mean, worthless 
Rase, v. a. to skim, to root up, to erase 
Rash, a. precipitate..^, a breaking out 
Rash'er, s. a thin slice of bacon 
Rash'ly, ad. violently, without thought 
Rash'ness, s. a foolish contempt of danger 
Rasp, s. a berry ; a large rough file 
Rasp, v. a. to rub or file with a rasp 
Rasp'atory, s. a surgeon's rasp 
Rasp'berry, ;. a berry of a pleasant flavour 
Ra'sure, ;. scraping out of writing 
Rat, s. an animal of the mouse kind 
Ra'table, a. set at a certain value 
Ratafi'a, s. a delicious cordial liquor 
Rata'n, s. a small Indian cane 
Rate, s. a price ; degree ; quota ; parish tax 
Rate, v. a. to value ; to chide hastily 
Rath, a. early, before the time...j. a hill 
Rath'er, ad. more willingly ; especially 
Ratification, s. a confirmation 
Rat'ify, v. a. to confirm, settle, establish 
Ra'uOj :. a proportion, a rale 

Ratiocination, s. a reasoning, a debate 
Ra'tional, a. agreeable to reason ; endowed 

with reason, wise ; judicious 
Rationality, s. the power of reasoning 
Ra'tionally, ad. reasonably, with reason 
Rats'bane, s. arsenic, poison for rats 
Rat'tle, s. empty talk ; a child's plaything 
Rat'tle, v. to rail, to scold, to make a noise 
Rat'tleheaded, a. giddy, not steady 
Rat'tlesnake, s. a kind of serpent 
Rattoo'n, /. a West-Indian fox 
Rav'age, v. a. to lay waste, ransack, pillage 
Rau'city, s. hoarseness, a harsh noise 
Rave, ?;. n. to be delirious ; to be very fond 
Rav'el, v. a. to entangle ; to untwist 
Rav'elin, s. a half moon, in fortification 
Ra'ven, s. a large, black carrion fowl 
Rav'encus, a. voracious, hungry to rage 
Rav'in, s. prey, rapine, rapaciousness 
Ra vingly, ad. with distraction, or frenzy 
Rav'ish, v. a. to violate, to defiour by 
force j to delight to rapture, to transport 
Rav'isher, s . he who ravishes 
Rav'ishment, s. violation ; transport 
Raw, a. not subdued by fire ; sore ; chill 
Raw boned, a. having large or strong bones 
Ray, s a beam of light ; a fish ; an herb 
Raze, s. a root of ginger 
Raze, v. a. to overthrow ; efface ; extirpate 
Ra'zor, :. a tool used in shaving 
Ra'zure, s. the act of erasing 
Reacce'ss, s. readmittance 
Reach, s. power, ability, extent, fetch 
Reach, v. to arrive at, extend to ; vomit 
Reac'tion, s. the reciprocation of any im- 
pulse, or force impressed 
Read, v. to peruse, to learn or know fully 
Read, part. a. skilful by reading 
Readep'tion, s. act of regaining, recovery 
Read'er, s. one who reads ; a studious man 
Read'ily, ad. with speed ; expeditely 
Read'iness, s. promptitude ; facility 
Read'ing, s. study, a lecture, a public lecture, 

prelection •, variation of copies 
Readmis'sion, s. the act of admitting again 
Readmi't, v. a. to admit or let in again 
Read'y, a. prompt, willing ; near, at hand 
Reaffirm'ance, s- a second confirmation 
Re'al, a. true, certain, genuine 
Real'ity, s. truth, verity, real existence 
Re'alize, v. a. to bring into being or act 
Re'ally, ad. with actual existence, truly 
Realm, s. a kingdom, a state 
Ream, s. twenty quires of paper 
Rean'imate, -v. a. to restore to life 
Rea:ine'x, v. a. to annex or join again 
Reap, v. a. to cut down corn- ; to obtain 
Reap'er, s. one who reaps and gathers corn 
Rear, s. the hinder troop, last class 
Rear, v. u, to raise up. to elevate, to roufcS 

R E C 


R E C 

Rear-ad'miral, ;. the admiral who carries 

his flag at the mizen topmast head 
Rear'mouse, Ra'remouse, s. a bat 
Reasce'nd, v. to climb or mount up again 
ReasOn, j. a faculty, or power of the sou!, 
whereby it distinguisheth good from evil ; 
cause, principle, motive 
Reas'on, v. to argue or examine rationally 
Reasonable, a. endued with reason ; just 
Reasonableness,;. moderation,fairness,equity 
Reas'oning, s . argument 
Reassem'ble, v. a. to collect anew 
Reassu'me, v. a. to resume, to take again 
Reassump'tion,;. act of reassuming 
Reave, v. a. to take by stealth or violence 
Rebapti'ze, v. a. to baptize again 
Reba'te, v. to blunt ; lessen.../, discount 
Re'bec, s. a three-stringed fiddle 
Reb'el, s. one who opposes lawful authority 
Rebel'lion, .'. an insurrection or taking up 

arms igainst lawful authority 
Rebellious, a. opposing lawful authority 
Reboa'tion, s. the return of aloud bellowing 

Rebo'und, v. to spring back, to reverberate 
Rebu'ff, s. a quick and sudden resistance 
Rebu'fF, v. a. to beat back, to disencourage 
Rebui'ld, v- a. to build again ; to repair 
Rebu'ke, v. a. to reprehend ; to chide 
Re'bns,j.a word represented by a pic~ture,&c. 
Reca'l, s. a calling over or back again 
Reca'nt, v. a. to retract an opinion 
Recanta'tion, j.a retracting an opinion 
Recapitulate, v. a. to repeat again distinctly 
Recapitulation, ;. a detail repeated 
Recap'tion, s. a second distress or seizure 
Rece'de, v. n. to fall back, retreat, desist 
Rece'ipt, s. a reception j an acquittance 
Receivable, a. capable of being received 
Rece'ive, v. a. to take, to admit, to allow, to 

entertain ; to embrace intellectually 
ReceivOr, s. one who receives 
Recession, s. an enumeration, review 
Re'cent, a. new, late, not long passed 
Re'cently, ad. newly, freshly, lately 
Reeept'acle, s. a place to receive things in 
Recept'ary, s. the thing received 
Receptibil'ity, s. possibility of receiving 
Recep'tion, s. act of receiving, admission ; 

treatment ; welcome ; entertainment 
Recep'tive, a. capable of receiving 
Hece'ss, s. a retirement ; departure ; privacy 
Recession, s. the act of retreating 
Recha'nge, v. a. to change again 
Recha'rge, v. a. to accuse in return, reattack 
Reche'at, ;. recalling hounds by winding a 

norifwhen they are on a wrong scent 
Re'cipe, f. a medical prescription 
Recipient, s. a receiver ; a vessel to receive 
Hecij?'rQcal» «• m«tual ? alternate 

Recip'rocate, v. n. to act interchangeably 
Reciproca'tion, s. aftion interchanged 
Reci'sion, i. a cutting off, a making void 
Reci'tal, Recita'tioiij s. rehearsal, repetition, 

Recitati've, Recitati'vo, s. a kind of tuneful 
pronunciation more musical than common 
speech, and less than song 
Reci'te, v. a. to repeat, to enumerate 
Reck, v. to heed, to mind, to care for 
Retk'lessjfl. heedless, careless, mindless 
Reck'on, v. to number ; esteem ; compute 
Reckoning, s. an estimation, calculation 
Recla'im, v. a. to reform, correct, recal 
Recli'ne, v. n. to lean sideways or back 
Reclo'se, v. a. to close again 
Reclu'de, v. a. to open, unlock 
Reclu'se, a. shut up, retired 
Recoagula'tion, s. a second coagulation 
Recog'nisance,/. a bond of record ; a badge 
RecOgnise, v. a. to acknowledge ; to review 
Recognition, s. acknowledgment 
Reco'il, v. n. to rush back, fall back, shrink 
Recoin'age, s. the act of coining anew 
Recolie'ct, <v. a. to recover to memory, &c. 
Recollec'tion, s. a revival in the memory of 

former ideas ; recovery of notion 
Recomme'nce, v. to begin anew 
Recomme'nd, v. a. to commend to another 
Recommendation, ,s. the act of recommend- 
ing -, the terms used to recommend 
Recommend'atory s ,a. recommending 
Recommi't, v. a. to commit anew 
Recompense, s. a requital, an amends 
Recompense, v. a. to repay, to requite 
Recompi'lement, s. a new compilation 
Recompo'se, v. a. to settle or adjust anew 
Reconcile, v. a. to make things agree, &c. 
Reconci'leable, a. that may be reconciled 
Reconcilement, s. a reconciliation 
Reconciliation, s. renewal of friendship 
Reconcil'iatory, a. tending to reconcile 
Reconde'nse, v. a. to condense anew 
Recon'dite, a. profound, abstruse ; secret 
Recon'ditory^/. a storehouse, a repository 
Reconduct, v. a. to conduct back again 
Reconno'itre, v. a. to view, to examine 
Reconve'ne, v. a. to assemble anew 
Reco'rd, v, a. to register, to celebrate 
RecOrd,/. an authentic enrolment 
RecordOr, s. a law officer ; a sort of flute 
Recov'er, v. to regain ; to grow well again 
RecovOrable, a. that may be restored, &c» 
Recov'ery, s. a restoration from sickness 
RecoOnt, v. a. to relate in detail 
Reco'urse, s. an application for help, &C. 
Rec'reant, a. cowardly, mean-spirited 
Recreate, v. a. to refresh, delight, revive 
Recrea'tinn, s. relief after toil, diversion 
&ee'rement, ;. dross, filth,, spu^ 



R E F 

Recrim'inate, v. a. to accuse in return 
Recrimina'tion, s. an accusation retorted 
Recrudes'cent, a. growing painful again 
Recru'it, v. a. to repair, replace, supply 
Recru'it, s. a new enlisted soldier ; supply 
Rect'angle, s. a right angle made by the 
falling of one line perpendicularly upon 

another, and which consists exactly of go 
Redtan'gular, a. having right angles 
Rec'tifiable, a. capable of being set right 
Rectifier, s. one who rectifies 
Rectify, v. a. to make right, reform ; to 

exalt and improve by repeated distillation 
Recti Ungear, a. consisting of right lines 
Rec'titude, j. straightness ; uprightness 
Rec'tor, 5. a minister of a parish j a ruler 
Rectorship, s . the office of a rector 
Rec'tory, s. a parish church, or spiritual liv- 
ing, &c. with all its rights, glebes, &c. 
R^cum'bency, s. a lying down, repose 
Recum'bent, a. lying down, leaning 
Recu'r, v. n. to have recourse to, &c. 
Recurrence, Recur'rency, s. a return 
Recur'rent, a. returning from time to time 
Recurva'tion, s. a bending backwards 
Rec'usant, s. one that refuses any terms of 

communion or society 
Recu'se, v. a. to refuse, to reject 
Red, a. of the colour of blood 
Recursion, 5 the act of beating back 
Redar'gue, v. a. to refute 
Red'breast, s. a small bird, a robin 
Red'den, v. to make or grow red, to blush 
Red'dishness, s. a tendency to redness 
Reddi'tion, s. restitution 
Red'dle, s. a sort of mineral ; red chalk 
Rede, s. counsel, advice...^/, a. to advise 
Redee'm, v. a. to ransom, to relieve from 

any thing by paying a price, to recover, to 

atone for 
Redeemable, a. capable of redemption 
Redeem'er, s. one who ransoms or redeems, 

in particular, the Saviour of the world 
Redeliv'er, -v. a. to deliver or give back 
Redemption, s. a ransom, the purchase of 

God's favour by the death of Christ 
Redemp'tory, a. paid for ransom 
Red'lead, s. a kind of coarse red mineral 
Jled'olence, Red'olency, s. a sweet scent 
Red'olent, a. sweet of scent, fragrant 
Redo'uble, v. a. to double again 
Redo'ubt, s. the outwork of a fortification 
Redoubt'able, a. formidable, much feared 
Redoubled, a. much feared, awful, dread 
Redo'und, v. n. to be sent back by reaction 
Redre'ss, -v. a. to set right, amend ; to relieve 
Redre'ss, s. amendment ; relief; remedy 
Red'streak, s. a sort of apple, and cider 
Redu'te, v. a. to make less, degrade j subdue 

Redu'cement, s a subduing ; a diminishing 
Redu'cible, a. possible to be reduced 
Reduction, j -. the aft of reducing 
Reductive, a. having the power to reduce 
Redundance, Redundancy, s. a superfluity, 

superabundance, &c 
Redun'dant, a. overflowing, superfluous 
Redu'plicate, v. a. to double over again 
Reduplica'tion, s. the act of doubling 
Redu-'plicative, a. doubling again 
Ree, v. a. to sift, to riddle...;, a small coin 
Reed, s. a hollow, knotted stalk ; a pipe 
Re-edify, v. a. to rebuild, to build again 
Reed'y, a. abounding with reeds 
Reef, v. a. to reduce the sails of a ship 
Reek, s. smoke, vapour...-y. n. to smoke 
Reel, s. a frame on which yarn is wound 
Reel, v. to wind on a reel ; to stagger 
Re-eleCtion, s. a fresh or repeated election* 
Re-emba'rk, 13. a. to take shipping again' 
Re-enfo'rce, v. a. to send fresh forces 
Re-enfo'rcement, /. fresh assistance * 
Re-enjoy', v. a. to enjoy again or anew 
Re-en'ter, v. a. to enter again or anew 
Re-estab'lish, v. a. to establish anew 
Reeve, or Reve, ;. a steward 
Re-exam'ine, v. a. to examine anew 
Refec'tion, /. refreshment after hunger, &c. 
RefecVory, s. an eating-room 
Refe'l, v. a. to refute, to repress 
Rcfe'r, v. a. to- yield to another's judgment 
Reference, s. relation ; view toward ; allu- 
sion to ; arbitration ; mark referring to 
the bottom of a page 
Refi'ne, v. a. to purify, to clear from dross 
Refinement, s. an improvement, &c. 
Refi'ner, s. a purifier, one who refines 
Refi't, v. a. to repair, to fit up again 
Refle'ct, v. a. to throw back ; to reproach 
Reflection, s. attentive consideration ; cen<- 

sure ; the act of throwing back 
Reflective, a. considering things past 
Refiect'or, s. one who reflects 
Refle'x, /. reflection..^!, directed backward 
Reflexibil'ity, s. quality of being reflexible 
Reflex'ible, a. capable of being thrown back 
Reflexive, a. respecting something past 
Reflour'ish, v. «• to flourish anew 
Reflo'w, v. n. to flow back, to flow again 
Refluent, a. reflowing, flowing back 
Re'flux, s. a flowing back, ebb of the tide 
Refo'rm, v. to change from worse to better" 
Refo'rm, ;. a reformation 
Reformation, s. change from worse to better 
Refra'ft, v. «. to break the course of rays 
Refraction, x. variation of a ray of light 
RefracVive, a. having power of refraction 
Refractoriness, s. a sullen obstinacy 
Refract'ory, a. obstinate, contumacious 
Ref'ragable, «» capable of confutation^ &c» 



Refrain, v. to hold back, forbear, abstain 
Refran'gible, a. such as may be turned out of 

its course 
Refre'sh, v. a. to recreate, improve, cool 
Refreshment, s. food, rest, relief after pain 
Refri'gerant, a. cooling, refreshing 
Refri'gerate, v. a. to cool, to mitigate heat 
Refi i'gerative, a. able to make cool 
Refuge, s. shelter from danger or distress 
Refugee', s. one who flies for protection 
Reful'gence, s. splendour, brightness 
Reful'gent, a. bright, shining, glittering 
Refu/nd, v. n. to pour back, repay, restore 
Refu'sal, s. a denial ; right of choice ; option 
Refu'se, v. to deny, to reject, not to accept 
Refuse, s. worthless remains ; dross 
Refu'ser, s. he who refuses or rejects 
Refutation, s. a refuting of an assertion 
Jtefu'te, v. a. to prove false or erroneous 
.Rega'in, v. a. to recover, to gain anew 
Re'gal, a. royal, kingly 
Rega'le, v. a. to refresh, to gratify, to feast 
Jlega'lement, s. entertainment, refreshment 
Rega'lia, s . the ensigns of royalty 
Regal'ity, s royalty, sovereignty, kingship 
JRega'rd, v. a. to value, to observe, to respect 
Rega'rd, s. attention, respect, reverence 
Regard'ful, a. attentive, taking notice of 
Regard'less, a. negligent, inattentive 
Re'gency, s. the government of a kingdom 

during the minority, &c. of a prince 
Regenerate, -v. a. to reproduce, to produce 

anew, to make to be born anew 
Regenerate, a. born anew by grace 
Regeneration, s. a new birth by grace 
Regen'erateness, s. state of being regenerate 
Re'gent, ;. a governor, a deputed ruler 
Re'gent, a. governing, ruling 
Regermination, s. a budding out again 
Re'gicide, s. the murderer, or murder of a king 
Re'gimen, s. a diet in time of sickness 
Re'giment, s. a body of soldiers ; rule, polity 
Regiment'al, a. belonging to a regiment 
Re'gion, s. a country ; trail of land ; space ; 

place ; rank ; part of the body 
Re'gister, s. a list, a record 
Re'gister, v. a. to record in a register 
Reg'nant, a. predominant, prevalent 
Rego'rge, v. a. to vomit up, to swallow back 
Regre'ss, v. n. to go back, to return 
Regres'sion, s. a returning or going back. 
Regre't, v. a. to repent, to be sorry for 
Regre't, s. vexation at something past 
Reg'ular, a. orderly, agreeable to rule 
Regularity, s. a certain order 5 a method 
Reg'ularly, ad. constantly, methodically 
Reg'ulate, v. a. to adjust by rule ; to direft 
Regulation, s. a method ; order, rule 
Regulator, /. that part of a machine which 

makes the motion equal 

Reg'ulus, s. the finest part of metals 
Regur'gitate, v. to throw or be poured back 
Rehe'ar, v. a. to hear again 
Rehears'al, s. a previous recital 
Pvehe'arse, v. a. to recite previously, to tell 
Reje'cl, v. a. to refuse, to discard, to cast off 
Rejection, s. the afl of casting off, or aside 
Reign, j. the time of a king's government 
Reign, v. n. to rule as a king ; to prevail 
Reimbod'y, v. to embody again 
Reimburse, v. n. to pay back again, to repair 
Reimpres'sion, s. a repeated impression 
Rein, s. part of a bridle...i/. a. to curb 
Reins, s- the kidneys ; the lower back 
Reinse'rt, v. a. to insert a second time 
Reinspi're, v. a. to inspire anew 
Reinsta'l, v. a. to put again in possession 
Reinstate, v. a. to restore to its former state 
Reinve'st, -v. a. to invest anew 
Rejo'ice, v. to be glad, exult ; exhilarate 
Rejo'in, v. to join again ; to meet one again ; 

to answer to an answer 
Rejoin'der, s. reply to an answer ; reply 
Reit'erate, v, a. to repeat again and again 
Reitera'tion, s. a repetition 
Reju'dge, v. a. to re-examine, to review 
Rekin'dle, v. a. to set on fire again 
Rela'pse, v. fall back into sickness, &c. 
Rela'pse, s. a fall into vice or error, &c. 

once forsaken ; regression from a state 

of recovery to sickness 
Rela'te, 11. to recite ; to have reference 
Rela'tion, /. a narration ; kindred ; reference 
Rel'ative, s. a relation, a kinsman 
Rel'ative, a. having relation ; respecting 
Relatively, ad. as it respedls something else 
Rela'x, v. to be remiss, to slacken, to remit 
Rela'x, Relax'ed, part, loosened, slackened 
Relaxation, s. remission, diminution 
Rela'y, s. horses placed to relieve others 
Relea'se, v, a. to set free from restraint, &c. 
Rel'egate, v. a. to banish, to exile 
Relegation, /. exile, judicial banishment 
Rele'nt, v. to feel compassion j to mollify 
Relent'less, a, uupitying, unmerciful 
Rel'evant, a. relieving ; relative 
Reli'ance, s. trust, dependence, confidence 
Rel'ics, s. the remains of dead bodies 
Rel'ictjj. a widow 

Relie'f, s. succour, alleviation ; relievo 
Relie've, v. a. to succour ;to change a guard 
Relie'vo, s. the prominence of a figure, &c. 
Reli'gion, s. a system of faith and worship 
Reli'gionist, s. a bigot to any religion 
Reli'gious, a. pious, devout, holy, exa<5l 
Relinquish, *y. a. toforsake,quit, depart from 
Relinquishment, s. the ac~l of forsaking 
Rel'ish, s. a taste ; liking ; delight 
Rel'ish, v. to season, to have a flavour 
Relutent, a, shining, transparent 




Reluct'ance, /.unwillingness, repugnance 
R.eluct'ant, a. unwilling, averse to 
Relu'me, Relu'mine, v. a. to light anew 
Rely', v. n. to put trust in, to depend upon 
Rema'in, v. to continue ; await ; to be left 
Remaind'er, s. what is left, remains 
Rema'ins, s. relics ; a dead body 
Rema'nd, v. a. to send, or call back 
Rema'rk, s. observation, note, notice 
Rema'rk, v. a. to note, distinguish, mark 
Remark/able, a. observable, worthy of note 
Remark'ably, ad. observably, uncommonly 
Reme'diable, a. capable of remedy 
Remed'iless, a. not admitting remedy 
Rem'edy, s. a medicine ,• reparation ; cure 
Rem'edy, v. a. to cure, to heal ; to repair 
Remem'ber, v. a. to bear in or call to mind 
Remem'berer, s. one who remembers 
Remembrance, s. retention in memory 
Remembrancer, s. one who reminds 
Rem'igrate, v. n. to remove back again 
Remigra'tion, s. a removal back again 
Remi'nd, v. a. to put in mind 
Reminis'cence, s. the power of recollecting 
Remi'ss, a. slothful, slack, careless 
Remiss'ible, a. admitting forgiveness 
Remis'sion, s. abatement, forgiveness, pardon 
Remiss'ly, ad. carelessly, negligently 
Remi't, v. to relax ; pardon a fault ; send 
money to a distant place^ slacken, abate 
Remit'tance, s. a sum sent to a distant place 
Rem'nant, ;. a residue ; what is left 
Remon'strance, s. a strong representation 
Remon'strate, v. n. to show reason against 
Rem'ora, ;. an obstacle ; a let ; a fish 
Remo'rse, s. sorrow for a fault, tenderness 
Remorse'ful,«. tender, compassionate 
Remorse'less, a . cruel, savage, unpitying 
Remo'te, a. distant in time, place, or kin ; 

foreign ; not closely connected 
Remo'teness, s. distance, not nearness 
Remo'tion, s. the aft of removing 
Remo'vable, a. such as may be removed 
Remo'val, s. a dismission from a post, &c. 
Remo've, v. to put from its place, to change 
place ; to place at a distance ; to go from 
place to place 
Remo'ved, part. a. separate from others 
Remo'unt, v. n. to mount again 
Remu'nerable, a. fit to be rewarded 
Remunerate, v. a. to reward, requite, repay 
Remunerative, a. giving rewards, &c. 
Remur'mur, v. to utter back in murmurs 
Ren'ard,/. the name of a fox 
Renas'cent, a. rising or springing anew 
Renas'tible, a. possible to be produced again 
Rencoun'ter, s. a personal opposition ; sud- 
den combat ; casual engagement, &c 
Rend, -a. a. to tear with violence j lacerate 
Ren'der, v. a. to return, repay $ to translate 

Rendezvous, j. a meeting appointed 
Rendition, s- the act of yielding 
Ren'egade, Renega'do, s. an apostate 
Rene w,r. a. to renovate, repeat, begin again 
Renew'able, a. capable to be renewed 
Renew'al, s. act of renewing, renovation 
Ren'itency, s. resistance, opposition 
Ren'itent, a. resisting, opposing, repelling 
Ren'net, s. an apple ; the juice of a calf's 
maw, used in turning milk into curds 
Ren'ovate, v. a. to renew, to restore 
Renova'tion, s. the act of renewing 
Reno'unce,t;. to disown ; to abnegate 
Reno'wn, s. fame, celebrity, merit 
Renown'ed, part. a. famous, eminent 
Rent, s. a laceration ; annual payment 
Rent, v. a. to tear ; to hold by paying rent 
Rent'al, s. schedule or account of rents 
Rent'charge, *. a charge on an estate 
Rent'er, /. he that holds by paying rent 
Renu'merate, v. a. to pay back ; to recount 
Renuncia'tion, s. the act of renouncing 
Reorda'in, v. a. to ordain again, or anew 
Reordina'tion, s. a being ordained again 
Repa'id,/>fl*v. of to repay 
Repa'ir, v. to amend, to refit ; to go unto 
Repa'ir, s. a reparation, a supply of loss 
Repair'able, or Rep'arable, a. capable o£ ue> 

ing amended or retrieved 
Repan'dous, a. bent upwards 
Reparation, s. act of repairing ; amends 
Repartee',;, a smart or witty reply 
Repa'ss, v. to pass again, to pass back 
Repa'st, s. the act of taking food ; a meal 
Repa'y, v. a. to recompense, to requite 
Repe'al, v. a. to recal, to abrogate, to revoke 
Repe'al, s. revocation, recal from exile 
Repeat, v. a. to recite, to do again 
Repeat'edly, ad. over and over, frequently 
Repeat'er, /. one who repeats ; a watch 
Repe'l, v. to drive back, to act with force 
Repel'lent, s. an application that has a repel- 
ling power 
Repe'nt, v. to be sincerely sorry 
Repent'ance, s. a penitent sorrow for sins 
Repent'ant, a. sorrowful for sin 
Repercu'ss, v. a. to beat or drive back 
Repercus'sion,j. the act of driving back 
Repercus sive, a. rebounding, driven back 
Reperti'tious, a. found, gained by finding 
Rep'ertory, s . a book of records ; a treasury 
Repetition, s. a recital ; repeating 
Repi'ne, v. n. to fret, to be discontented 
Repi'ner, s. one that frets or murmurs 
Repla'ce, v. a. to put again in place 
Repla'nt, v. a. to plant anew 
Replenish, v. a. to stock, to fill : to finish 
Replete, a. full, completely filled 
Reple'tion, s. the state of being too full 
Replev'iable, a. what may be replevied 




Replev'in, Replev'y, v. a. to set at liberty 

any thing seized, upon security given 
Replication, s a repercussion ; a reply 
Reply', v. a. to answer, to rejoin 
Reply', s. an answer, return to an answer 
Repol'ish, v. a. to polish again 
Repo'rt, s. a rumour, account, loud noise 
Repo'rt, v. a. to tell, relate, noise abroad 
Repo'se, s. rest, sleep, quiet, peace 
Repo'se, v. to lay to rest, to lodge, to lay up 
Repos'ite, v. a. to lodge in a place of safety 
Reposi'tion, s. the aft of replacing 
Repository, ;. a storehouse, or place where 
any thing is safely laid up ; a warehouse 
Reposse'ss, v. a. to possess again 
Reprehe'nd, v. a. to reprove, to blame, chide 
Reprehen'sible, a. culpable, censurable 
Reprehen'sion, s. reproof, open blame 
Reprehen'sive, a. given to reproof 
Represent, -v. a. to exhibit ; describe ; ap- 
pear for another ; tell respectfully 
Representation, /. an image ; description 
Represen'tative, s. a substitute in power 
Represent'ment, s. an image ; a likeness 
Repress, Repres'sion, s. the act of crushing 
Repre'ss, v. a. to crush, subdue, compress 
Repressive, a. able, or tending to repress 
Reprie've, s. a respite after sentence of death 
Reprie've, i>. a. to respite from punishment 
Reprima'nd, /. a rebuke, reprehension 
Reprimand, v. a. to chide, check, reprove 
Repri'nt, v. a. to print a new edition 
Repri'sal, s. seizure by way of retaliation 
Repro'ach, v. a. to censure, to upbraid 
Repro', s. censure, shame, disgrace 
Reproach'able, a. deserving reproach 
R.eproach'ful, a. scurrilous, shameful, vile 
Rep'robate, a. lost to virtue, abandoned 
Rep'robate, s. one abandoned to wickedness ; 

a man lost to virtue 
Rep'robate, v. a. to disallow, to reject 
Reproduce, v. a. to produce again, or anew 
Reproduction, s. the act of producing anew 
Reproo'f, s. blame to one's face ; rebuke 
Repro'vable, a. deserving reproof or blame 
Repro've, v. a to blame, to chide, to check 
Repru'ne, v. a. to prune a second time 
Rep'tile, s. a creeping thing ; a mean person 
Republic, ;. a commonwealth 
Republican, *. one who thinks a common- 
wealth without monarchy the best gov- 
Republican, a. placing the government in 

the people 
Repu'diate, v. a. to divorce, to put away 
Repudiation, s. a divorce, rejection 
Repug'nance, s. reluctance ; contrariety 
Repug nant, a. disobedient ; contrary 
Repul'iulate, v. n. to bud again or anew 
Repu'lse, /. a being driven off, or put aside 

Repu'lse, v. a. to beat back, to drive off 
Repul'sion, s. act of driving off from itself 
Repul'sive, a. having power to beat back 
Repurchase, v. a. to buy again 
Rep'utable, a. honourable ; of good repute 
Reputation, s. honour ; character of good 
Repute, v. a. to account, to think, to hold 
Repute, s. character, reputation, credit 
Reque'st, /. an entreaty, demand ; repute 
Reque'st, v. a. to ask, solicit, entreat 
Re'quiem, s. a hymn or prayer for the dead 
Requi're, v. a. tc demand, to ask a thing as 

of right ; to make necessary ; to need 
Re'quisite, a. necessary, needful, proper 
Re'quisite, s. any thing necessary 
Requital, s. a retaliation, a recompense 
Requite, v. a. to repay, to recompense 
Rere'ward, s. the last troop of an army 
Re'sale, s. the second or subsequent sale 
Resalu'te, v. a. to salute or greet anew 
Resci'nd, v. a. to cutoff; to abrogate a law 
Rescission, s. an abrogation, a cutting off 
Rescri be, v. a. to write back or over again 
Re'script, s. the ediit of an emperor 
Res'cue, v. a. to set free from danger, vio- 
lence, or confinement ; to release 
Res'cue, s. a deliverance from restraint, &C. 
Resea'rch, j. an inquiry, strict search 
Resem'blance, s. a similitude, a likeness 
Resem'ble, v. a. to be like ; to compare 
Rese'nt, v. a. to take as an affront, &c. 
Resentful, a. malignant, easily provoked 
Resent'ment, s. a deep sense of injury 
Reservation, s. something kept back 
Rese'rve, s. a store untouched ; an exception 
Reser've, r u. a. to keep in store, retain, lay up 
Reserv'ed, a. modest, sullen, not frank 
Reservoir, ;. a conservatory of water ; a store 
Resettlement, s. the act of settling again 
Resi'de, v. n. to live in a place ; to subside 
Residence, Resi'ance, s. place of abode 
Res'ident, Resi'ant, a. dwelling in a place 
Res'ident, s. an agent, a public minister 
Residentiary, a. holding residence 
Resid'ual, a. relating to the residue 
Resid'uary, a. entitled to the residue of pro- 
perty, as, a residu -ry legatee 
Res'idue, /. the remaining part, what is left 
Resi'gn, v. a. to give or yield up, to submit 
Resignation, s. a resigning, a submission 
Resign'ment, s. the act of resigning 
Res'ilah, s. an ancient patriarchal coin 
Resilience, s. a starting or leaping back 
Resil'ient, a. starting or springing back 
Res'in, or Ros'in, s. the fat sulphureous part 
of some vegetable, &c. which is either 
natural, or procured by art 
Res'inous, a. containing resin, or like resin 
Resi'st, oppose, to act against 
Resistance, s. the act of resisting, opposition 




Resist'ible, a. that which may be resisted 
Resist'less, a. that cannot be resisted 
Resolv'able, a. that may be analyzed 
Res'oluble, a. that which may be melted 
Reso'lve, v. to inform ; to solve ; to melt ; 

to analyze ; to determine ; to confirm 
Reso'lve, s. fixed determination, resolution 
Resol'vedty, ad. with firmness and constancy 
Resolv'ent, a. having power to dissolve 
Res'oiute, a. determined, firm, steady 
Resolution, s. a fixed determination ; con- 
stancy j act of clearing difficulties 
Res'onant, a. resounding, echoing 
Reso'rt, v. n. to have recourse ; to repair 
Reso'rt, s . a meeting, assembly, concourse 
Reso'und, v. to echo, to sound ; to celebrate 
Reso'urce, s. a resort, an expedient 
Respe'ct, v. a. to regard ; to have relation to 
Respe'ct, s. regard, reverence ; motive 
Respect'able, a. deserving of respect 
Respect'ful, a. full of outward civility 
Respect 'fully, ad. with a degree of reverence 
Respective, a. particular, relative 
Resper'sion, s. the act of sprinkling 
Respira'tion, s. the aft of breathing, relief 
Respi're, v. n. to breathe ; to rest from toil 
Res'pite, s. a reprieve, pause, interval 
Resplen'dence, s. lustre, brightness 
Resplen'dent, a. bright, shining 
Resplen'dently, ad- brightly, splendidly 
Respo'nd, v. n. to correspond, to answer 
Respond'ent, /. one who answers in a suit 
Respo'nse, s. an alternate answer, a reply 
Responsible, a. answerable, accountable 
Respon'sion, /. the act of answering 
Respon'sive, Respon'sory, a. answering 
Rest, s. sleep, repose, quiet, peace ; support 
Rest, a. others, those not included 
Rest, v. to sleep ; die ; be still ; lean ; remain 
Restag'nant, a. remaining without flow, &c. 
Restag'nate, v.n. to stand without flow 
Restaura'tion,/. the act of recovering to the 

former state ; restoration 
Reste'm, v. a. to force against the current 
Rest'iff, Rest'ive, Rest'y, a. unwilling to stir 
Rest'ifness, s. obstinate reluctance 
Restitution, j. the act of restoring 
Rest'less, a. without sleep, unquiet, unsettled 
Resto'rable, a. what may be restored 
Restoration, s. replacing in a former state 
Resto'rative, a. able to recruit life, &c. 
Resto're, v. a. to relieve : to give back 
Restra'in, v. a. to withhold, repress, limit 
Restrain'able, a. capable to be restrained 
Restraint, /. an abridgment of liberty, &c. 
Restri'ct, v. a. to limit, to confine 
.Restriction, s. confinement, limitation 
Restrictive, a. expressing limitation 
Restrin'gent, a. having power to bind 
Result} v, n. to fly back j to arise from 

Resu'lt,*. the act of flying back ; consequence 
Resu'mable, a. what may be taken back 
Resu'me, v. a. to take back ; to begin again 
Resump'tion, s. the act of resuming 
Resumptive, a. taking back 
Resurrection, s. revival from the dead 
Resurve'y, v. a. to review or survey again 
Resus'citate, v. a. to raise up again, renew 
Resuscita'tion, s. the act of raising up again 

from either sleep or death, &c. 
Reta'il, v. a. to divide into, or sell, in small 
quantities, or at second hand...;, sale by 
small quantities 
Retail'er, j . one who sells by small quantities 
Reta'in, v. to keep, to hire, to continue 
Reta'ke, v. a. to take again 
Retaliate, v. a. to return, repay, requite 
Retaliation, s. return of like for like 
Reta'rd, v. to hinder, to delay, to stay back 
Retch, v.n. to strain, to vomit 
Retention, s. act of retaining, memory 
Retent'ive, a. having power to retain 
Retic'ular, Ret'iform, a. in form of a net 
Retic'ulated, a. made of net- work 
Reti'nue, s. a train of attendants 
Reti're, v. to retreat, to withdraw 
Reti'red, part. a. secret, solitary, private 
Retirement, s. a private abode, or habitation 
Keto 'Id, part, related or told again 
Reto'rt, s . a glass vessel ; a censure returned 
Reto'rt, v. a. to throw back ; to return 
Reto'ss, v. a. to toss or throw back again 
Retou'ch, v. a. to improve by new touches 
Retra'ce, v. a. to trace back, or over again 
Retra'ct, v. a.X.o recal, recant, resume 
Retractation, s. a recantation ; change of 

Retraction, s. a withdrawing a question 
Retre'at, s. a place of retirement or security 
Retre'at, v. n. to retire, to take shelter 
Retre'nch, v. to cut off, confine, reduce 
Retrenchment, s. a reduction of expense 
Retrib'ute, v. a. to pay back, make repayment 
Retribution, /. a repayment, a requital 
Retrie've, v. a. to recover, repair, regain 
Retriev'able, a. that may be retrieved 
Retroces'sion, s. the act of going back 
Retroduc'tion, s. a leading back, &c. 
Retrograde, a. going backwards ; contrary 
Retrogression, s. the act of going back 
Ret'rospect, s. a looking on things past 
Retrospection, s. a looking backwards 
Retrospective, a. looking backwards 
Retu'nrt, v. a. to blunt, to turn the edge 
Retu'rn, v. to come or go back ; to retort ; 

to repay ; to send back ; to transmit 
Retu'rn, s. the act of coming back ; profit j 

repayment, restitution, relapse 
Returnable, a. allowed to be returned 
Reve'al, v. a. to disclose, lay open, impart 




Rev'el, v. n. to carouse...*, a noisy feast 
Revel, 7;. a. to retract, to draw back 
Revela'tion, s. a communication of sacred 

truths, &c. by a teacher from heaven 
■Rev'eller, s. one who feasts with jollity 
Rev'elrout, s. a mob, an unlawful assembly 
Rev'elry, s. loose jollity, festive mirth 
Reven'ge,*. return of an injury or affront 
Reven'ge, v. a. to return an injury, &c. 
Revenge'ful, a . vindictive, given to revenge 
Rev'enue, s . an income ; annual profits 
Reve'rb, v. a. to reverberate, to resound 
Reverb'erate, v. to be driven back ; to bound 

back ; to resound 
Reverbera'tion, s. a beating or driving back 
Reverb'eratory, a. returning; beating back 
Reve're, v. a. to reverence, to venerate, to 

honour with an awful respect 
Rev'erence, s. veneration, respect ; a bow 
Rev'erence, v. a. to regard with respect 
Rev'erend, a. venerable ; deserving rever- 
ence ; the honorary title of the clergy 
Rev'erent, a. humble, testifying veneration 
Reveren'tial, a. expressing reverence 
Reverie', Revery', s. irregular thought 
Rever'sal, s. a change of sentence 
Reve'rse, v. to subvert, repeal, contradict 
Rever'se, s. the opposite side, contrary 
Revers'ed, part. a. repealed, inverted 
Revers'ible, a. that which may be reversed 
Rever'sion, s. succession, right of succession 
Revers'ionary, a. to be enjoyed in succession 
Reve'rt, v. to change, to return 
Revert'ible, a. that may be returned 
Reve'st, v. a. to put again in possession 
Revest'iary, s. a place for vestments 
Revifarate, v. n. to vibrate back 
Revict'ual, it. a. to stock with victuals again 
Revie'w, v. a. to look back, survey, examine 
Revie'w, s. a survey, re-examination 
Review'er, s. one who reviews 
Revi'le, v. a. to reproach, to abuse, to vilify 
Revi'sal, Revis'ion, s. a re-examination 
Revi'se, v. a. to review, to overlook 
Revi'se, s. a proof of a sheet corrected 
Revis'it, v. a. to visit again 
Revi'val,f. recal from obscurity, &c. 
Revi've, v. to return to life ; renew ; rouse 
Revi'ving, part, comforting, recovering 
Revivi'ficate, v. a. to recal to life 
Reu'nion, /. reuniting ; a rejoining ; cohesion 
Reuni'te, v. a. to join again, to reconcile 
Rev'ocable, a. that may be recalled 
Rev'ocate, v a. to recal, to call back 
Revocation, s. a& of recalling ; a repeal 
Revo'ke, v. a. to repeal, reverse, draw back 
Revo'lt, v. n. to fall off from one to another ; 

to rise against a prince or state 
Revo'lve, v. to perform a revolution ; to con- 
sider, to meditate oa 

Revolu'tion, s. a returning motion ; a change 

of government in a state or country 
Revul'sion, /. the turning of a flux of hu- 
mours from one part of the body to another 
Rewa'rd, v. a. to recompense, to repay 
Rewa'rd,j, recompense given for good 
Rewo'rd, v a. to repeat in the same words 
Rhab'domancy, s. divination by a wand 
Rhap'sodist, s. one who writes rhapsodies 
Rhap'sody, s. irregular writings, &c. 
Rhet'oric, s. oratory, the art of speaking 
Rhetorical, a. pertaining to rhetoric 
Rhetorically, ad. figuratively ; like an orator 
Rhetori'cian,/. one who teaches rhetoric 
Rheum, s. a thin, watery humour, occa- 
sionally oozing out of the glands of the 
mouth, &c. 
Rheumat'ic, a. relating to the rheumatism 
Rheu'matism, s. a painful distemper 
Rheu'my, a. full of sharp moisture 
Rhino'ceros,^. a large beast in the East-In- 
dies, armed with a horn on his nose 
Rhomb, s. a quadrangular figure 
Rhom'bic, a. shaped like a rhomb 
Rhomboi'd, s. a figure approaching to a 

rhomb ; a kind of muscle fish 
Rhu'barb, s . a medicinal purgative root 
Rhumb, s. a kind of spiral line 
Rhyme, s. the consonance of verses, poetry 
Rhyme, v. n , to agree in sound ; make verses 
Rhyth'mical, a. harmonical, musical 
Rib, s. a bone ; a piece of timber in ships 
Rib'ald, s. a loose, rough, mean wretch 
Rib'aldry, s. mean, brutal, obscene talk 
Rib'and, or Rib'bond, /. a fillet of silk 
Rice, s. a kind of esculent grain 
Rich, a. wealthy ; precious ; fertile ; copious 
Rich'es, /. plenty of money or possessions 
Rich'ly, ad. wealthily, splendidly 
Rich'ness, s. opulence, splendour ; fertility 
Rick, s. a pile , or heap of corn, hay, &c 
Rick'ets, s. a distemper in children 
Rick'ety, a. diseased with the rickets 
Rid, v. a. to set free, clear, drive away 
Rid'dance, s. a deliverance, disencumbrance 
Rid'den, part, of to ride 
Rid'dle, s . an enigma, any thing puzzling 
a dark problem ; a coarse or open sieve 
Rid'dle, v. to solve ; tosiftby a coarse sieve 
Ride, v. to travel on horseback, &c. 
' Ri'der, ;. one who rides a horse, &c. 
I Ridge, s. the upper part of a slope, &c. 
I Ridg'el, Ridg'ling, s. a ram half castrated 

Ridg'y, a. rising in a ridge 
i Rid'icule, s. wit that provokes laughter 
i'icule, v. a. to expose to laughter 
Ridic'ulous, a. fit to be laughed at 
Ri'ding, s. a district visited by an officer 
Ri'dinghood, s. a woman's riding coat 
Ridot'to, /. an entertainment of music, &•: 

R I V 


R O 

Rife, a. prevalent ; abounding 
Ri'fle, v. a. to rob, to pillage, to plunder 
Rift, /. a cleft, a breach...^, to split 
Rig, v. a. to dress ; to fit with tackling 
Rigadoo'n, s. a kind of French dance 
Rig'ging, s. the tackling, &c. of a ship 
Rig'gish, a. wanton, lewd, whoiish 
Right, a. fit, suitable ; straight ; true 
Right, ad. properly, justly, in truth, very 
Right, i. justice ; just claim ; privilege 
Right, v. a. to relieve from wrong 
Right'eous, a. just, virtuous, equitable 
Right'fuJ, a. having a just claim ; honest 
Rightly, ad. properly, honestly, exactly 
Ri'gid, a. stiff ; severe, sharp, cruel 
Rigid'ity, s. stiffness, want of easy elegance 
Ri'gidness, s. severity, inflexibility 
Rig'let, ;. a flat, thin piece of wood com- 
monly used by printers 
Rig'our, s. cold ; severity ; strictness ; rage 
Rig'orous, a. severe, over-harsh 
Rig'orously,arf. severely, without mitigation 
Rill, Ril'let, i. a small brook or stream 
Rim, ;. a border, a margin, an edge 
Rime, s. a hoar frost ; a hole, a chink 
Ri'my, a. steamy, foggy, misty 
Rind, s. bark, husk ...v. n. to husk, to bark 
Rin'dle, j. a small watercourse or gutter 
Ring, ;. a circle ; a sound, as of a bell 
Ring, v. a. to strike bells,&c. ; fit with rings 
Ring'dove, /. a kind of pigeon 
Ring'er, /. one who rings 
Ringleader, s. the head of a mob or riot 
Ringlet, /. a small ring ; a circle ; a curl 
Ring'streaked, a. circularly streaked 
Ring'tail, s. a kind of kite 
Ring'worm, s. a circular tetter ; a disease 
Rinse, v. a. to cleanse by washing, &c. 
Ri'ot, /. an uproar, sedition, tumult 
Ri'ot, v. n. to revel, to raise an uproar 
Ri'oter, i. one who makes a riot 
Ri'otous, a. licentious, turbulent 
Rip, v. a. to tear, to lacerate ; to disclose 
Ripe, a complete, mature, finished 
Ripe, Ri'pen, v. n. to grow ripe ; be matured 
Ri'peness, s. maturity, perfection, fitness 
Rip'ple, v. n. to lave or wash lightly over 
Ript, part. pass, unsewed, cut open 
Rise, v. n. to get up, ascend ; grow ; increase 
Rise, s. a beginning ; ascent ; increase 
Risibility, ;. the quality of laughing 
Ris'ible, a. exciting laughter ; ridiculous 
Risk, ;. hazard, danger, chance of harm 
Risk, v. a. to hazard, to put to chance 
Rite, *. a solemn act of religion 
Rit'ual, s. a book of religious ceremonies 
Rit'ual, a. solemnly ceremonious 
Ri'val, s. a competitor, opponent 
Ri'val, v. a. to emulate ; to oppose 
Ri'valry, ;. competition ; emulation 

Rive, v. to split, to cleave, to be divided 
Riv'el, v. a. to contract into wrinkles 
Riv'er, s. a land current of water bigger thf.r 

a brook 
Riv'erdragun, s. a crocodile 
Riv'ergod, s. the tutelar deity of a river 
Riv'erhorse, /. the hippopotamus 
Riv'et, j. a fastening pin that is clenched 
Riv'et, v. a. to fasten strongly with rivets 
Riv'ulet, s. a small river, a brook 
Rixdol'lar, s. a German coin, value 4s. Ci. 
Roach, s. the name of a fish 
Road, s. a large way for travelling ; path 
Ream, -v. to wander, ramble, rove 
Roan, a. bay, soTrel, or black spotted 
Roar, v. n. to make a loud noise 
Roar, s. the cry of a wild beast, &c. 
Roast, v. a. to dress meat ; to banter 
Roast, s. any thing roasted 
Rob, v. a. to steal, to plunder 
Robber, s. a thief, a plunderer 
Rot/bery, s. theft by force or with privity 
Robe, s . a dress of dignity 
Robe, v. a. to dress pompously ; to invest 
Robu'st, a. strong, sinewy, violent 
Roc'ambole, s. a kind of wild garlic 
ROche-al'um, s. a pure sort of alum 
Roch'et, j. a surplice ; a fish 
Rock, s. a vast mass of stone ; a defence 
Rock, v. to shake ; to move a cradle 
Rock'et, j. an aitificial firework ; a plant 
RockruT>y, s. a sort of garnet 
Rock 'salt, /. a mineral salt 
Rock'work, s. a building imitating rocks 
Rock'y, a. full of rocks ; hard, stony 
Rod, s. a twig, instrument of correction 
Rode, pret. of to ride 

Rodomonta'de, s. an empty, noisy bluster 
Roe, s. the female of the hart ; eggs of fish 
Rogation, s. the litany ; supplication 
Roga'ticn-week, s. the week preceding 

Rogue, s. a vagabond, a knave, a wag 
Ro'guery, s. villany, knavery, waggery 
Ro'guish, a. fraudulent, knavish, waggish 
Roist, v. n. to act at discretion ; to bluster 
Roll, v. to move in a circle ; to enwrap 
Roll, s . the act of rolling j mass made round ; 

a register ; catalogue, warrant 
Roller, /. any thing turning on its cwn 

axis ; a bandage ; a fillet 
Roll'ingpin, s. a round smooth piece of 

wood, to mould paste, &c. 
Roll'ingpress, s. a press for printing pictures 

&c. on copper plates 
Rom'age, s. a tumult, a bustle 
Ro'man, s. a native of Rome 
Ro'man, a. pertaining to the Romans 
Roma'nce, s. a fable, a fiction, a lie 
Rcman'cer, s. a forger of tales, a liar 



R U F 

Ro'manist, s. one who professes popery 
Ro'raanize, v. a. to latinize 
Roman'tic, a. wild, improbable, fanciful 
Ro'mish, a. popish ; belonging to Rome 
Romjj, s. a rude, untaught girl ; rude play 
Romp, v. n. to play rudely and noisily 
Romp'ing, s. rude, noisy play 
Rondea'u, s. a kind of ancient poetry ; a 
name applied to all songs and tunes which 
end with the first part or strain repeated 
Ron'ion, s. a fat, bulky woman 
Ront, s. an animal stinted in growth 
Rood, s. the fourth part of an acre, contain- 
ing 1ZO yards ; a pole ; an old name for 
the holy cross 
Roof, s. the cover of a house ; the inside of 
the arch that covers a building; the palate 
Roof, v. a. to cover with a roof 
Rook, s. a bird ; a cheat ; a piece at chess 
Rook, v. n. to rob, to cheat, to deceive 
Rook'ery, s. a nursery of rooks 
Room, s. space, extent ; stead ; chamber 
Room'age, s . space, place 
Room'y, a. spacious, wide, large 
Roost, s. a perch on which birds rest 
Roost, v. n. to sleep as a bird ; to lodge 
Root, s. that part of the plant, &c which 
rests in the ground, and supplies the stems 
with nourishment ; the first cause 
Root, v. to take root ; radicate ; destroy 
Roofed, a. fixed, deep, radical 
Root'edly, ad. deeply, strongly 
Rope, s. a thick hempen cord, string, halter 
Rope, v. n. to concrete into filaments 
Ro'pedancer, s. one who dances on ropes 
Ro'pemaker, s. one who makes ropes 
Ro'pewalk, s. a place where ropes are made 
Ro'piness, x. a ropy or glutinous quality 
Ro'py, a. viscous, glutinous, tenacious 
Ro'quelaure, Ro'quelo, s. a man's cloak 
Ro'sary, s. a set of beads containing is ave- 
marias, and 1 5 pater-nosters ; a particu- 
lar devotion addressed to the Virgin Mary 
Ros'cid, a. abounding with dew 
Rose, s. a fragrant flower 
Ro'seate, a. rosy, blooming, fragrant 
Ro'semary, s. a plant 
Ro'set, s. a red colour used by painters 
Ro'sewater, s. water distilled from roses 
Ros'in, s. inspissated turpentine 
Ros'trum, s. the beak of a bird ; a pulpit 
Ro'sy, a. like a rose in bloom, fragrance, &c. 
Rot, v. to putrefy, to make putrid 
Rot, s. a distemper in sheep ; putrefaction 
Ro'tary, a. whirling as a wheel 
Ro'tated, a. whirling round 
Rota'tion, s- a turning round ; succession 
Rote, s. words uttered by mere memory ; a 

harp, lyrc.-u. a. to fix in the memory 
Rot'oco, ;. an eastern weight of 5^. 

Rot'ten, a. putrid, not firm, not sound 
Rotu'nd, a. round, circular, spherical 
Rotund'ity, j. roundness, circularity 
Rotund'o, or Rotond'o, s. a round building 
Rove, v. to ramble, to range, to wander 
Ro'ver, s. a wanderer, a pirate ; fickle person 
Rouge, s. a red paint 

Rough, a. not smooth, harsh, severe, stormy 
Rough'cast, s. a form in its first rudiments 
Rough'draw, v. a. to draw or trace coarsely" 
Rough'en , v. to make or grow rough 
Rough'ly, ad. rudely, severely, boisterously 
i Rough'ness, s. unevenness, harshness 
I Roun'ceval, s. a kind of pea 
I Round, a. circular ; plain ; smooth ; brisk 
! Round, s. a circle, sphere, district ; rundle 
Round'about, a. ample ; indirect ; loose 
Round'elay, s. a kind of ancient poetry 
Round'house, s. the constable's prison 
Round'ly, ad. in a round form, plainly 
Rouse, v. to wake from slumber ; excite 
Rout, s. a multitude, a rabble, tumultuous 
crowd ; the confusion of an army defeated 
Rout, v. to defeat ; assemble in crowds 
Route,/, a road, way ; march, journey 
Row, s. a range of men or things 
Row, v. to impel a vessel in the water 

with oars 
Row'el, s. the point of a spur ; an issue 
Row'el, v. a. to keep open with a rowet 
Row'er, s. one who manages an oar 
Roy'al, a. kingly, becoming a king, regal 
Roy'alist, s. an adherent to a king 
Roy'ally, ad. in a kingly manner, regally 
Roy'alty, s. the office or state of a king 
Rub, v. to scour, polish ; fret ; get through 
Rub, s. friction ; hinderance ; difficulty 
Rub'ber, s . one that rubs ; a coarse file ; two 

games out of three ; a whetstone 
Rub'bish, s. ruins of buildings ; refuse 
Ru'bify, v. a. to make red 
Ru'bric, s. directions printed in prayer- 
books and books of law 
Ru'by, s. a precious red stone ; a blotch 
Ructa'tion, s. a breaking wind upwards 
Rud'der, s. the part that steers a ship 
Rud'diness, s. approaching to redness 
Rud'dy, a. approaching to red ; yellow 
Rude, a. rough, harsh ; ignorant, artless 
Ru'dely, ad. in a rude manner, violently 
Ru'deness, s. incivility, boisterousness 
Rudiment, s. the first elements of a science ; 

the first part of education 
Rudiment'al, a. relating to first principles 
Rue, v. a. to grieve for, lament.../ an herb 
Rue'ful,rt. mournful, woful, sorrowful 
Ru'elle, s. an assembly at a private house ; 

a circle, a street 
Ruff, s. a puckered linen ornament j a fish 
RufF, v. a. to trump at cards 



A C 

Ruffian, a. brutal, savagely boisterous 
Ruffian, j. a brutal fellow, a robber 
Ruffle, v. to disorder, to fret ; to plait 
Ruffle, s. an ornament for the wrists 
Rug, ;. a coarse, nappy, woollen cloth 
Rug'ged, a. rough ; brutal, surly ; shaggy 
Rug'gedly, ad. in a rugged manner 
Rug'gedness, /. roughness ; asperity 
Ru'gine, s. a surgeon s rasp 
Rugo'se, a. full of wrinkles 
Ru'in, s. fall, destruction, overthrow 
Ru'in,t> to subvert, destroy, impoveiish 
Ru'inate, v. a. to bring to poverty, &c. 
Ruina'tion, ;. subversion ; demolition 
Ru'inous, a. fallen to ruin ; mischievous 
Ru'inously, ad. with ruin, destructively 
Rule, j. government ; sway ; regularity 
Rule, v. to govern, to control, to settle 
Ru'ler, j. a governor ; an instrument by 

which lines are drawn 
Rum, s. a spirit drawn from sugar 
Rum'ble, v. n. to make a hoarse low noise 
Ru'minant, a. chewing the cud 
Ru'minate, v. to chew the cud ; to muse 
Rumina'tion, s. a chewing the cud $ medita- 
tion, reflection 
Rum'mage, v. to search places, plunder 
Rum'mer, s. a large glass ; a drinking cup 
Ru'mour, s. flying or popular report 
Ru'mour, v. a. to report abroad ; to bruit 
Rump, t. the buttock, end of the back bone 
Rum'ple, /. a rough plait ; a wrinkle 
Run, v. to move swiftly, flee, go away, van- 
ish ; melt ; smuggle 
Run, s. cadence ; course, continued success 
Ran'agate, s. a fugitive, a coward 

Run'dle, s. the step of a ladder ; a round 
Rund'let, or Run'let, s. a small barrel 
Rung, prtt. and part . of 10 ring 
Run'nel, s. a rivulet, a small brook 
Run'ner, s. one who runs ; a shoot 
Run'nion, s. a paltry, scurvy wretch 
Runt, s. a dwarf animal ; a small cow 
Rupe'e, s. an Indian coin, value 2s. 3d. 
Rup'tion, s. breach ; solution of continuity 
Rup'ture, s. a breach of peace ; eruption 
Ru'ral, a. belonging to the country 
Rush, i. a plant ; a worthless thing 
Rush, v. n. to enter or move with violence 
Rush'light, s. a candle with a rush wick 
Rusk, s. a kind of biscuit or hard bread 
Rus'set, a. reddishly brown ; coarse ; rustic 

...s. a country dress 
Rus'seting, s. a rough kind of apple 
Rust, s. a red crust grown upon iron, &c. 
Rus'tic, a, rural, rude, simple, plain 
Rus'tical, a. rough, savage, brutal, rude 
Rus'ticate, d. to banish into the country 
Rusti'city, s. rural appearance, simplicity 
Rust'iiy, ad. in a rusty manner ; shabbily 
Rus'tle, v. n. to make a low rattling noise 
Rust'y, a. covered with rust ; impaired 
Rut, s. the track of a cart wheel, &c. ; the 

copulation of deer, wild boars, &.c. 
Ruth, s. mercy, pity, tenderness 
Ruth'ful, a. rueful, woful, compassionate 
Ruth'less, a. cruel, pitiless, barbarous 
Rut'tish, a. wanton, libidinous, lustful 
Ry'al, s. a Spanish coin worth sixpence 

three farthings 
Rye, s. a coarse kind of bread corn 
Ry'egrass, s . a kind of strong grass 

SIS an abbreviation, as S. \V. south 
west ; S. S. S. stratum super stratum , 
layer upon layer ; S. (in music) solo, 
alone ; S. N. secundum naturam, ac- 
cording to nature ; S. N. Salvator noster, 
our Saviour ; and S. for Societatts, of the 
society, as F. R, S. Fellow of the Royal 
Sala'oth, s. hosts or armies 
Sab'bath, s. the day of rest and worship 
Sabbat'ical, a. resembling the sabbath 
Sa'ble, j. a dark fur...rt. black, dark 
Sa'bre, s. acimeter, short broad sword 
Sabulos'ity, s. grittiness, sandiness 
Sab'ulous, a. gritty, sandy, gravelly 
Sac'eharine, a. having the taste, &c. of sugar 
Sacerdo'c^', c. belonging to the priesthood 

Sa'chem, s, the chief of an Indian tribe 
Sack, s. a bag containing three bushels ; e 

woman's loose robe ; plunder, pillage j 

Canary wine 
Sack, v. a. to take by storm ; pillage, plunder 
Sack'but, s. a kind of pipe 
Sack'cioth, s. a cloth for sacks 
Sackpos'set, s. a posset made of milk, sack, 

and some other ingredients 
Sac'rament, /. an oath ; the Lord's supper 
Sacrament'al, a. constituting or pertaining to 

a sacrament 
Sa'cred, a. holy, consecrated, inviolable 
Sa'credness, s. holiness, sanctity 
Sac'rifice, v. a. to offer up ; destroy ; devote 
Sac'rifice, s. an offering made to God ; atiy 

thinp destroyed or finally quitted 



Sacrifi'cial, a. pertaining to sacrifice 
gac'rilege, s. the robbery of a church 
Sacrile'gious, a. violating things sacred 
Sacrile'giously, ad. with sacrilege 
Sa'cring-bell, s. a bell rung before the host 
Sa'crist, Sa'cristan, s. a sexton ; a vestry- 
keeper ; a church officer 
Sa'cristy, ;. the vestry room of a church 
Sad, a. sorrowful, heavy, gloomy ; bad 
Sad'den, v. a. to make sad or gloomy 
Sad'dle, s. a seat to put on a horse's back 
Sad'dle, v. a. to put on a saddle ; to load 
Sad'dler,^. one who makes saddles 
Sad'ly, ad. sorrowfully, miserably 
Sad'ness, /. mournfulness, melancholy 
Safe, a. free from danger...;, a buttery 
Safecon'duct, s. a convoy, passport, guard 
Safeguard, j. a defence, convoy, passport 
Sa'feiy, ad. without danger, without hurt 
Sa'fety, s. freedom from danger ; custody 
Saffron, s. a plant...a. yellow 
Sag, v. to hang heavy ; to load, to burden 
Saga'cious, a. quick of thought or scent 
Saga'city, s. acuteness, keenness 
Sage, s. a plant ; a man of wisdom...a. wise 
Sa'gely, ad. wisely, prudently 
Sa'gittary, s. a centaur 
Sa'go, s. a nourishing sort of grain 
Saick, s. a kind of Turkish vessel 
Said, pret. and part. past, of to say ; afore- 
said, declared, showed 
Sail, s. a canvass sheet ; ship ; wing 
Sail, v. to move with sails ; pass by sea 
Sail'or, s. a seaman, one used to the sea 
Sail'yard, s. a pole to extend a sail with 
Saim, ;. hog's lard 
Sain'foin, s. a sort of herb, trefoil 
Saint, f. a person eminent for piety, &c. 
Saint, v. to canonize ; to appear very pious 
Saint'ed, a. holy, pious ; canonized 
Sa'tnt'iy, Saint'like, a. holy, devout 
Sake, s. final cause ; purpose ; account 
Sa'ker, s. a kind of cannon ; a hawk 
Sala'cious, a. lustful, lecherous, wanton 
Sala'city, s. lechery, wantonness 
Sal'ad, s. a food composed of raw herbs 
Sal'amander, s. an animal like a lizard 
Salaman'drine, a. like a salamander 
Sal'ary, s. annual or periodical payment 
Sale, s. the act of selling, vent, market 
Sa'leable, a. fit for sale, marketable 
Sa'lesman, /. one who sells made clothes 
Sa'lework, s. work for sale ; careless work 
Sal'ient, a, leaping ; panting ; springing 
Sali'ne,Sali'nous, a. consisting of salt, brinish 
Sal'ique-law, s. a law by which females were 

excluded from the crown of France 
Sali'va, s. spittle separated by the glands 
Pal'ivate, v. a. to cause a spitting, &c, 
S&Hva'tion, s, a curing by spitting 

Sal'low, a- sickly 5 yellow...*, a willow 
Sal'ly, s. a frolic ; flight ; an eruption 
Sal'ly, v. n. to make an eruption ; issue out 
Sallyport, s. a port to make sallies from 
Salmagun'di, s. a mixture of chopped meat, 
pickled herrings, oil, onions, vinegar, &c. 
Sal'mon, /. a delicious well-known fish 
Salmontro'ut, s. a trout of the salmon kiad 
Saloo'n, s. an elegant, lofty hall 
Salt, s. a well-known seasoning ; wit 
Salt, a. having the taste of salt 
Salt'cellar, s. a sort of cup to hold salt 
Salt'er, s. one who salts, or sells salt 
Salt'ern, s. a place where salt is made 
Sal fish, a. somewhat salt, brinish 
Saltpe'tre, s. a mineral salt, nitre 
Salvabif ity, s. possibility to be saved 
Sal'vable, a. possible to be saved 
Sal'vage, s. a reward allowed for saving 

goods out of a wreck...a. wild ; cruel 
Salva'tion, s. reception to the happiness of 

heaven ; preservation from eternal death 
Sal'vatory, 1. a place where any thing is pre- 

served, a repository 
Salu'brious, a. wholesome, promoting health 
Salu'brity, s. wholesomeness, healthfulness 
Salve, s. an emplaster ; remedy, cure 
Sal'ver, s. a piece of plate with a foot 
Sal'vo, /. an exception ; reservation ; excuse 
Sal'utary, a. wholesome ; healthful ; safe 
Saluta'tion, ;. act of saluting, greeting 
Salu'te, v. a. to greet, to hail, to kiss 
Salu'te, s. a salutation, greeting, a kiss 
Salutiferous, a. bringing health, healthy 
Same, a. identical, of the like kind, &c. 
Sa'meness, s. identity, not different 
Sam'let, s. a little salmon 
Sam'phire, s. a plant preserved in pickle 
Sam'ple,;. a specimen ; part of a whole 
Sam'pler, s. a piece of girl's needle work 
San'able, a. remediable, curable 
San'ative, a. of a healing quality, &c. 
Sanctifica'tion, ;. the aft of making holy 
Sanc'tify, v. a. to make holy or virtuous 
Sanctimo'nious, a. saintly, appearing holy 
Sanc'timony, s. holiness, devoutness 
Sanc'tion, s. ratification ; confirmation 
Sanc'titude, Sanc'tity, s. holiness, goodness 
Sanc'euary, s. a holy place, an asylum 
Sand, s. gravelly earth ; barren land 
San'dal, s. a sort of slipper or loose shoe 
Sand'ers, /. a precious kind of Indian wood 
Sand'ever, j. the superfluous salt or recce- 

ment cast up in making glass 
Sand'stone, s. a stone easily crumbled 
Sand'y, a. full of sand, gritty ; unsolid 
Sane, a. sound in mind ; healthy 
Sang, £;"£=/. of to sing 

Sanguifica'tion, s. production of blood ; ^con- 
version of the chyle into blood 



S C A 

Sanguiferous, a. conveying blood 
Si;n'guifier, s. a producer of blood 
Sanguif lucus, a. flowing with blood • 

San'guinary, a. bloody, cruel, murderous 
San'gu'.ne, a. blood red ; warm, ardent 
Sanguin'eous, a. full of blood 
Sanguin'ity, s. ardour, heat, confidence 
San'hedriin, s. the chief council among the 

jews, consisting of 70 eiders 
Sa'nies, s. a watery, serous excretion 
Sa'nious, a. running with thin matter 
San'ity, s. soundness of mind or body 
Sank, pret. of to sink 
Sans, prep, without, destitute of 
Sap, i. the vital juice of plants 
Sap, v. to undermine, subvert, destroy 
Sap'id, a. tasteful, palatable, savoury 
Sa'pience, s. wisdom, knowledge, sageness 
Sa'pient,tf. wise, sage, prudent 
Sap'iess, a. wanting sap ; dry ; old ; husky 
Sapling, s. a young tree full of sap 
Sapona'ceous, Sap'onary, a. soapy, like soap 
Sa'por, s. taste ; a stimulating quality 
Sapph'ire, s. a precious blue stone 
Sapph'irine, a. made of or like sapphire 
Sap'piness, s. succulence ; simpleness 
Sap'py, a. juicy, succulent \ weak 
Sar'aband, s. a Spanish dance 
Sar'casm, /. a keen rep-oach, taunt, gibe 
Sarcastic, Sarcast'ical, a. keen, taunting 
Sar'cenet, *• fine, thin woven silk 
Sar'cie, v. a. to weed corn 
Sarcoph'agous, a. eating or feeding oa flesh 
Sarcoph'agus, s. a tomb 
Sarcot'ic, a. producing new flesh 
Sar'dine, Sardon'yx, s. a precious stone 
Sarsaparella, s. the name of a plant 
Sarse, s. a sort of fine lawn sieve 
Sash, s. a silk belt ; a window that lets up 

and down by pulleys 
Sasho'on, s. a leather stuffing in a boot 
Sas'safras, ;. a tree used in physic 
Sat, the preterite of to sit 
Sa'tan, $, the prince of hell, the devil 
Satanic, Satanlcal, a. devilish, infernal 
Satuh'el, r. a small bag used by schoolboys 
Sate, Sa'tiate, v. a. to glut, to satisfy 
Sat'eilite, s. a small or secondary planet re- 
volving round a larger, as the moon round 
the earth 
Satellitious, a. consisting of satellites 
Sa'tiate, a. glutted, full to satiety 
Sati'ety, s. the state of being filled, fulness 
Satin, s. a soft, close, and shining silk 
Satire, s. a poem censuring vice, folly, &c. 
Satiric, Satirical, a. belonging to satire 
Satirist, s. one who writes satires 
Satirize, v. a. to censure as in a satire 
Cutisfac'tion, s. the state of being plessed cr 
eittisSed } atonement, amends 


Satisfac'tive, a. giving satisfaction 
Satisfactorily, ad. to satisfaction 
Satisfactory, a. giving satisfaction or content 
Satisfy, v. to content, please ; convince 
Sat'urant, a. impregnating to the fill 
Sat'urate, v. a. to impregnate till no more 

can be received or imbibed 
Sat'urday, s. the last day in the week 
Satu'rity, s. fulness, repletion 
Sat'urn, /. a planet ; in chymistry, lead 
Saturnlan, a. happy ; golden 
Sat'urnine, a. gloomy, grave ; severe 
Sa'tyr, s. a silvan god ; a lustful man 
Sav'age, a. wild, cruel, uncivilized 
Sav'age, s. a barbarian, a man uncivilized 
Sav'agely, ad. barbarously, cruelly 
Savan'na, s. an open meadow without wood 
Sauce, i. something to give relish to food 
Saucebox, s. an impertinent fellow 
Sauce'pan, ;. a pan to make sauce, &c. in 
Sau'cer, s. a small plate for a teacup, &c 
Sau'cily, ad. impudently, petulantly 
Sau'ciness, j. impudence, petulance 
Sau'cy, a. pert, petulant, insolent 
Save, v. to preserve from danger or ruin ; to 

keep frugally ..uid. except 
Sa'veall, s. a pan to save candle-ends on 
Sa'ving, a. frugal...^, excepting 
Sa'viour, s. the Redeemer ; he who saves 
Saun'ter, v. n. to wander about idly, loiter 
Sa'vory, s. the name of a plant 
Sa'vour, s. a scent, odour, taste 
Sa'vour, v. to have a smell or taste ; to like 
Sa'voury, a. pleasing to the smell or taste 
Savoy', /. a sort of colewort 
Saus'age, s. a composition of meat, spice,&c. 
Saw, s. an instrument with teeth for cutting 

boards or timber ; a saying, a proverb 
Saw, v. a. to cut timber, &c. with a saw 
Saw'dust, s. a dust arising from sawing 
Saw'pit, /. a pit where wood is sawed 
Savv'yer, /. one who saws timber 
Saxifrage, s. a plant good against the stone. 
Saxif ragous, a. dissolvent of the stone 
Say, v. to speak, utter, allege, tell 
Saying, s. an expression ; an opinion 
Scab, s. an incrustation over a sore 
Scabbard, s. the sheath of a sword 
Scab'by, a. diseased with scabs 
Sca'brous, a. rough, rugged, harsh 
Scaffold, s. a temporary gallery, a kind of 

stage erected on certain occasions 
Scaffolding, /. a support for workmen 
i Scala'de, Scala'do, /. storming a place by 

raising ladders against the walls 
Scald, v. a. to burn with hot liquor 
Scale, s. a balance : the sign Libra in the 

zodiac ; part of the covering of a fish ; c. 

ladder; means of ascent • line of distances 

the gamut ; a &*tade 

S C E 



Scale, v. n. to mount ; scrape off scales 
Sca'led, a. having scales like a fish-, squamous 
Sca'liness, s. the state of being scaly 
Scali, s. leprosy ; morbid baldness 
Scal'lion, s. a kind of onion 
Scal'lop, s. a shellfish j indentation 
Scal'lop, v. a. to indent the edge, &c. 
Scalp, s. the integuments of the head 
Sca'ly, a. covered with scales 
Scam'ble, v. to scramble ; shift awkwardly 
Scam'mony, s. a concreted, resinous juice 
Scam'per, v. n. to run with fear and speed 
Scan, v. a. to examine nicely ; to canvass 
Scan'dal, s. a reproachful assertion, infamy 
Scan'dalize, v. a. to disgrace, reproach, 

defame ; offend by some action 
Scan'dalous, a. opprobrious, shameful, vile 
Scan'dent, a- climbing, creeping 
Scan'ning, s. in poetry, is the measuring a 

verse to ascertain its number of feet, &c 
Scant, a. parsimonious ; scarce, not enough 
Scant'iness, s. want of space, compass, &c. 
."cant'Iet, s. a small quantity or piece 
Scant'ling, s. timber cut to a small size 
Scant'y, a. narrow, small ; poor, niggardly 
Scape, v. to escape...;, a flight, evasion 
Scap'ular, a. relating to the shoulders 
Scar, s. the mark of a cut ; a cicatrix 
Scar'amouch, s. a buffoon in motley dress 
Scarce, a. not plentiful, rare, uncommon 
Scarce, Scarce'ly, ad. hardly, scantly 
Sca'rceness, Sca'rcity, s. want of plenty 
Scare, v. a. to frighten, affright, terrify 
Sca'recrow, s. an image set to frighten birds 
Scarf, s. a loose covering for the shoulders 
Scarf'skin,/. the outer skin of the body 
Scarifka'tion, s. an incision of the skin 
Scar'ify, v. a. to lance or cut the skin 
Scarlet] s. a deep red colour 
Scar'let, a. of the colour of scarlet 
Scarletbe'an, s. a garden plant 
Scarp, j. the slope on that side of a ditch 

which is next to a fortified place 
Scate, s. an iron to slide with ; a flat fish 
Scath, v. a. to waste, damage, destroy 
Scath'ful, a. mischievous, destructive 
Scat'ter, v. to spread thinly, to disperse 
Scav'enger, s. a cleaner of the streets 
Scel'erat, s. a villain, a wicked wretch 
Scene, s. part of a play ; an appearance 
Sce'nery, s. imagery ; representation 
Sce'nic, a. dramatic, theatrical 
Sceuog'raphy, s. the art of perspective 
Scent, s. smell, odour ; chase by smell 
?cep'tic, j. one who doubts of all things 
Soep'tical, a. doubting every thing 
Scep'ticism, s. universal doubt 
Scep'tre, s. the ensign of royalty borne in 

the hand 
Scep'tredj a, bearizg a sceptre 

Sched'ule, s. a small scroll ; an inventory 
Scheme, s. a plan, project, design 
Sche'mer, a. a projector, a contriver 
Schism, /. a division in the church 
Schismat'ic, s. one guilty of schism 
Schismat'ical, a. implying schism 
Schismat'ically,<?rf. in a schismatical manner 
Schol'ar,;. a disciple, a man of letters 
Scholarship, s. learning, literature 
Scholastic,**, pertaining to the school 
Scholas'tically, ad. according to the schools 
Scho'liast, s. one who makes notes upon 2a 

author, a commentator 
Scho'lium, s. an explanatory note 
Scho'ly, v. n. to write expositions 
School, s. a place for education 
School'fellow, j. a fellow student 
School'man, t. one skilled in the niceties of 

academical disputation, and in divinity 
School'master, s. he who teaches in a school 
SchooI'mistress, s. she who keeps a school 
Sciag'raphy, s. the section of a building to 
show the inside thereof j the art of dialling 
Sciather'ic, a. belonging to a sun-dial 
Sciat'ical, a. troubled with the hip-gout 
Sci'ence, t. knowledge, art attained by pre- 
cepts ; the seven liberal arts are grammar, 
rhetoric, logic, arithmetic, music, geo- 
metry, astronomy 
Scien'tial, a. of, or pertaining to science 
Scientific, a. what promotes knowledge,&c. 
Scim'itar, s. a sword with a convex edge 
Scin'tillate, v. n. to sparkle, to emit sparks 
Scintillation, s. the act of sparkling 
Sci'olist, j. one of superficial knowledge 
Sci'olous, a. knowing superficially 
Sciom'achy, s. a battle with a shadow 
Sci'on, s. a small twig or shoot ; a graft 
Scirrhos'ity, s. an induration of the glands 
Scirrhous, a. having an indurated gland 
Scis'sible, Scis'sile, a. that may be divided 
Scis'sion, /. the act of cutting 
Scis'sars, s. a small pair of shears 
Scis'sure, s. a crack, rent ; fissure ; chap 
Sclerot'ic, a. hard ; rough 
Scoat, v. n. to stop the wheel of a carriage 
Scoff, v. n. to deride or mock, to ridicule 
Scof'fingly, ad. in contempt, in ridicule 
Scold, v. n. to chide ; quarrel clamorously 
Scol'lop, s. a fish ; an indenting 
Sconce, s . a branched candlestick ; a small 

fort ; a bulwark ; the head 
Sconce, •v. a. to mulct, to fine 
Scoop, s. a large ladle ; a sweep 
Scoop, v. a. to lade out ; to cut hollow 
Scope, s. intention ; drift ; aim ; space 
Scorbu'tic, a. diseased with the scurvy 
Scorch, v. to burn, to be dried up 
Score, s. a long incision ; line drawn ; ac- 
count ; motive ; the number twenty 




Sco'rious, a. drossy, foul, worthless 
Scorn, s. contempt...^, to scoff, to despise 
Scorn'ful, a. contemptuous, insolent, proud 
Scorn'fully, ad. contemptuously, insolently 
Scor'pion, j. a reptile with a very venomous 

sting ; a sign of the zodiac 
Scot, j. a Scotchman ; shot ; payment 
Scotch, v- a. to cut slightly 
Scotch, a. of, or belonging to Scotland 
Scot'free, a. excused from paying his scot 
Scot'omy, s. a swimming in the head 
Scov'el, s. mops for sweeping an oven 
Scoun'drei, s. a mean rascal, a villain 
Scour, -v. to cleanse ; scamper ; purge 
Scour'er, s. one who scours ; a pa. ge 
Scourge, s. a whip ; a lash ; punishment 
Scourge, v. a. to whip, punish, chastise 
Scout, s. one who is sent privately to observe 

the motions of an enemy 
Scout, v n. to go out privately to observe 
Scow] y v. n. to frown, to look angry or sullen 
Scrag, /. any thing lean or thin ; the neck 
Scrag'gy, /. lean, thin ; rough, rugged 
Scramble, v. n. to catch eagerly ; to climb 
Scramble, s. eager contest for any thing 
Scranch, v. a. to grind between the teeth 
Scran'nel, a. vile, worthless, grating 
Scrap,;, a small particle, fragment, bit 
Scrape, v. to pare lightly ; erase ; shave 
Scrape, s. difficulty, perplexity, distress 
Scra'per, s. an iron utensil ; a vile fiddler 
Scratch, v. a. to tear with the nails ; to 

wound slightly ; to draw awkwardly 
Scratch'es, s. a disease in horses 
Scraw, s. the surface or scurf 
Scrawl, v. a. to draw or write badly 
Screak, v. n. to make a loud, shrill noise 
Scream, v. n. to cry out, as in terror, &c. 
Screech, v. n. to shriek, to cry as an owl 
Screech'owl, s. an owl that hoots by night 
Screen, v. a. to shelter, hide, sift, riddle 
Screw, s. one of the mechanical powers 
Scrib'ble, s. worthless, bad writing 
Scribbler, s. a petty author, a bad writer 
Scribe, s. a writer ; secretary ; public notary 
Serine, j. a repository for writings 
Scrip, ;. a small bag; schedule ; small writing 
Scrip'tory, a. written ; not delivered orally 
Scrip'tural, a. contained in the Bible 
Sctip'ture, /. the Bible, the sacred writings 
Scriv'ener, s. one who draws contracts, <3cc. 
Scrofula, s. the disease commonly called the 

Scrofulous, a. diseased with the scrofula 
Scroll, s. a writing rolled up 
5cro 'turn, /. the membrane which contains 

the seminal organs 
Scrub, s. a mean fellow../u. a. to rub hard 
Scrub'bed, Scrub'by, a. mean, vile, sorry 

J , r. a doubt ; a weight of ZQ gr:;Tns 

Scru'ple, v. n. to doubt, to hesitate 
Scru'pulousjfl. nicely doubtful ; vigilant 
Scru'tabie, a. that may be searched 
Scrutineer, s. an examiner, an inquirer 
Scru'tinize, v. a. to examine thoroughly 
Scru'tinous, a. captious ; full of inquiries 
Scru'tiny, s. a strict search or inquiry 
Scruto'ire, j. a case of drawers for papers 
Scud, v. n. to sail before a hard gale, &c. 
Scuffle, s. a confused quarrel or broil 
Sculk, v. n. to lurk secretly ; to lie close 
Scull, s. the brain-pan ; a small oar 
Scul'ler, s. a small boat with one rower 
Scul'lery, s. a place to clean and keep uishe3 
Scullion, j. a kitchen drudge 
Sculp, v- a. to carve ; to engrave.../, a print 
Sculp'tile, a. made by engraving 
Sculp'tor, s. a carver or engraver 
Sculp'ture, s. art of carving, carved work 
Scum, s. what rises to the top of any liquor 
Scum, v. a. to clear off the scum 
Scurf, s. a dry scab ; scale ; adherent staia 
Scurfy, a. full of or having scurf 
Scurrility, s. grossness of reproach, oppro- 
brious language, lewdness of jocularity 
Scur'rilous, a. railing, saucy, abusive 
Scur'vily, ad. vilely, basely, coarsely 
Scur'viness, s. meanness, sorriness, baseness 
Scur'vy, ;. a disease..^, scabbed, vile 
Scur'vy-grass, s. a plant ; spoonwort 
Scut, j. the tail of a hare or rabbit, &c. 
Scutch'eon, /. the field or ground on which 
a coat of arms is painted ; pieces of brass 
placed over locks 
Scut'tle, s. a wide shallow basket for coals ; 

a small grate ; a quick pace 
Scythe, /. instrument for mowing grass, &c» 
Sea, s. the ocean, a large lake 
Sea'beat, a. dashed by the waves of the sea 
Sea'born, a. produced by the sea 
Sea'boy, s. a boy employed on shipboard 
Sea'beach, s. the sea shore 
Sea'calf, s. the seal, a sea animal 
Sea'chart, s. a map of the sea-coast 
Sea'coal, s. pit-coal brought by sea 
Sea'compass, s. the mariner's compass 
Sea'faring, a. employed or living at sea 
Sea'giit, a. encircled by the sea 
Sea'gull, j. a water-fowl 
Seal, s. the sea-calf; a stamp ; a confirmation 
Seal, v. to fasten with a seal, ratify, close 
Seal'ing-wax, s. wax used to seal letters, &c, 
Seam, s. what joins two pieces together ; a 
measure of eight bushels ; a scar ; tallow 
Seam, v, a. to join together ; mark, scar 
Sea'maid, /. the mermaid 
Sea'man, s. a sailor, mariner ; merman 
Sea'mew, s. a fowl that frequents the sea 
Seam'less, a. having no seam 
Seam'stress, s. one who lives by sewing 


S E I 

Sean, or Siene, /. a fcnid of large fishing net 
Sea'nymph, s , a goddess of the sea 
Sea'piece, ;. representation of any thing at sea 
Sea'port, ; . a harbour or port for ships 
Sear, v. a. to burn...'* dry j no longer green 
Searce, v. a. to sift finely...;, afinesieve 
Search, ;. an inquiry, quest, pursuit 
Search, v. to examine, to inquire, to seek 
Sear'cloth, ;. a large strengthening plaster 
Sea'room, ;. room at sea j far from the shore 
Sea' rover, ;. a pirate 
Sea'service, ; duty at sea 
Sea'shore, ;. the coast of the sea 
Sea'sick, a. sick by the motion of the sea 
Sea'son,;. one of the four parts of the year, 
spring, summer, autumn, winter ; a fit 
time ; a time not very long 
Sea'son,?;. to give a relish to ; to mature 
Seasonable, a. opportune, at a proper time 
Seasoning, ;. that which gives relish to 
Seat, ;. a chair ; mansion ; situation 
Seat, v. a. to place on seats ; fix, place firm 
Sea' ward, ad. towards the sea 
Se'cant, a. dividing into two parts...;, a line 
Sece'de, v. n. to withdraw from ; to leave 
Secession, ;. the act of withdrawing from 
Se'cle, ;. a century, an age 
Seclu'de, v. a. to shut up apart, to exclude 
Seclu'sion, ;. a secluding, a separating 
Sec'ond, a. the next to the first ; inferior 
Sec'ond, j. one who accompanies another in 
a duel •, supporter ; 60th part of a minute 
Sec'ond, v. a. to support ; to follow next 
Secondarily, ad. in the second order or de- 
gree ; not primarily or originally 
Sec'ondary, a. not primary...;, a delegate 
.Secondhand, a. not original ; not primary 
Secondly, ad. in the second place 
Sec'ondrate, ;. the second order in dignity 9 

value, or strength 
Se'crecy, ;. privacy, solitude, close silence 
Se'cret, a. concealed, private, unknown 
Se'cret, ;. a thing unknown, privacy 
Sec' retariship, ;. the'office of a secretary 
Sec'retary, ;. one who writes for another 
Secre'te, v. a . to hide, conceal ; separate 
Secre'tion, ;. a separation of animal fluids 
Secreti'tious, a. parted by animal secretion 
Se'cretly, ad. privately, in secret 
Secretness, ;. quality of keeping a secret 
Secre'tory, a. performing the office of secre- 
Sect, ;. men united in certain tenets 
Sedt'ary, :. a follower of a particular sect 
Sedta'tor, i. a follower ; an imitator 
Section, ;. a distinct part of a writing or 

book ; a6t of cutting ; the part divided 
Sec'tor, :. a geometrical instrument 
"SeCular, a. not bound by rales, worldly 
■Secularize, v. a. to convert to common use 

Secularly, ad. in a worldly manner 
Sec'undine, ;. the after-birth 
Secu're, a. free from fear or danger, safe 
Secu're, v. a. to make certain, protect, insure 
Secu'rely, ad. without danger j carelessly 
Secu'rity, ;. protection, defence, pledge 
Seda'n, ;. a neat, close chair for carnage 
Seda'te, a. calm, quiet, still, serene 
Seda'tely, ad. calmly, without disturbance 
Seda'teness, ;. calmness, tranquillity 
Sed'enlary, a. sitting much, inactive 
Sedge, j. a growth of narrow flags 
Sedg'y, a. overgrown with narrow flags 
Sed'iment, ;. what settles at the bottom 
Sedi'tion, ;. a tumult, an insurrection 
Sedi'tious, a. factious, mutinous, turbulent 
Sedu'ce, v. a. to tempt, corrupt, mislead 
Sedu'cement, ;. the act of seducing 
Sedu'cible, a. capable of being deceived 
Seduction, ;. the act of seducing 
Sedu'lity, ;. assiduity, application, industry 
Sed'ulous, a. assiduous, industrious } painful 
See, i. the diocess of a bishop 
See, v. to perceive by the eye, to descry, to 

behold, to attend ; to converse with 
Seed,;, the organised particle produced by 

plants and animals, from which new ones 

are generated -, original ; race 
Seed, v. n. to bring forth seed 
Seed'cake, ;. a kind of sweet seed cake 
Seed'ling, ;. a plant just risen from the seed 
Seed'pearl, ;. small grains of pearl 
Seeds'man, ;. a sower, he who sells seed 
Seed'time, ;. the season for sowing 
Seed'y, a. abounding with seed 
SeCing,.;. sight ;<i. since that 
Seek, v. to look for ; solicit ; make search 
Seel, v. a. to close the eyes 
Seem, v. n. to appear, to have semblance 
Seem'ing, ;. appearance, show, opinion 
Seem'ingly, ad. in appearance, in semblance 
Seem'liness, ;. decency, grace, beauty 
Seem'ly, a. decent, becoming, proper, fit 
Seen, part. a. perceived, skilled, versed 
Seer, ;. one who foresees events ; a prophet 
See'saw, ;. a reciprocating motion 
Seeth, «y. to boil ; to stew ; to decoct in hot 

liquor ; to be hot 
Seg'ment, ;. a part of a circle comprehended 

between anarch and a chord thereof 
Seg'rejjate, v. a. to separate or to set apart 
Segregation, ;. a separation from others 
Seigneu'rial, a. invested with large powers 
Seign'ior, ;. an Italian title for lord 
Seign v iory, ;. a lordship ; a jurisdiction 
Semper, ;. a fisher with nets 
Seiz'able, a. that is liable to be seized 
Seize, v. to take by force ; to fasten on 
Seiz'in, ;. the act of taking possession 
Seiz'ure 3 s. act of seizing, the thing seized 


S E R 

Sel'dom, ad. rarely, not frequently | 

Sele'ct, v. a. to choose in preference to others 
Sele'dl, a. nicely chosen ; culled out 
Selection, s. the act of choosing 
Selenog'ra[)hy, s. a description of the moon 
Self, pron. one's self, the individual 
Sel'fish,a. void of regard for others 
Selfsame, s. numerically the same 
•Sel'ion, s. a ridge of land between furrows 
Sell, v. a. to part with for a price 
Sel'lander, j.a scab in a horse's pastern 
Sel'ler, s. one who sells, a vender 
Sel'vage, s. the edge of cloth, &c. 
Selves, s. the plural of self 
Sem'blance, s. resemblance, appearance 
Sem / ble,v. n. to represent, to make a likeness 
Se'mi, a. in composition, signifies half 
Semian'nular, a. half round ; a ring 
Semlbreve, s. a note in music 
Semicircle, s. half a circle 
Semicir'cular, a. half round 
Semico'lon, s. a point made thus [;] 
Semi.diam'eter, s. half a diameter 
Semidiaphane'ity, s. half transparency 
Semidiaph'anous, a. half transparent 
Semifluid, a. imperfectly fluid 
Semilu'nar, a. resembling a half moon 
Seminal, a. belonging to seed ; radical 
Sem'inary, s. a seed plot ; original ; school 
Semination, /. the act of sowing 
Seminiflc, a. productive of seed 
Semipellu'cid, a. imperfectly clear 
Semiperspic'uous, a. not quite plain 
Semiquaver, s. in music, a note containing 

half the quantity of a quaver 
Sem'ilone, s. half a tone or note in music 
Sem'ivowel, s. a consonant which makes an 

imperfect sound ; semivowels are six in 

number, f, 1, m, n, r, s 
Sempitei'nal, a. everlasting, perpetual 
Sempiter'nity, s. duration without end 
Se'nary, a. containing the number six 
Sen'ate, s. an assembly of counsellors who 

share in the government, a parliament 
Sen'ator, s. a member of the senate 
Send, v. a. to despatch ; to commission 
Senec'tude, s. old age, ancientness 
Senes'cence, s. a growing old ; decay 
Sen'eschal, s. a steward ; high bailiff 
Se'nior, a. older than another 
Seniority, /. priority of birth, eldership 
Sen'na, s . a physical purge 
Sensation, s. perception by the senses 
Sense, s. faculty of perceiving ; meaning 
Senseless, a. wanting sense, stupid 
Sensibility, s. quickness of sensation 
S'^n'sible, a. having quick intellectual feel- 

ing ; convinced, persuaded ; of good sense 
Sen'sibly, ad. with sense ; judiciously 
5en'sitive, a. having sense, but not reason 

Sen'sual.a. pleasing to the senses; carnal 
Senso'rium, Sen'sory, /. the seat of sense, 

the organ of sensation 
Sensuality, s. addiction to carnal pleasures 
Sen'sualize, v. a. to render sensual 
Sen'sually, ad. in a sensual manner 
Sent, part. pass, of to send 
Sen'tence, s. a determination ; a period 
Sentence, v. a. to condemn, to judge 
Sententious, a. short and energetic 
Senten'tiously,< witty or pithy sentences 
Sentient, a. perceiving...*, one perceiving 
Sen'timent, s. thought, notion, opinion 
Sentiment'al, a. reflecting, thoughtful 
Sen'tinel, Sen'try, ;. a soldier on guard 
Separable, a. that may be separated 
Sep'arate, v. a. to break, disunite 
Separate, a. divided, disunited from 
Separately, ad. apart, singly, distinctly 
Separation, s. a disjunction, divorce 
Sept, s. a clan, race, generation 
September, s. the ninth month of the year 
Septenary, a. consisting of seven 
Septennial, a. lasting seven years 
Septen'trion, s. the north ; Charles 's-wain 
Septentrional, a. relating to the north 
Septentrionate, i>. n. to tend northerly 
Sep'tic 5 a. tending to produce putrefaction 
Septilateral, a. having seven sides 
Septuagen'ary, Septuages'imal, a. consisting 

of seventy 
Septuagint, s. the old Greek version of the 
Old Testament, so called, as being sup- 
posed the work of 70 interpreters 
Sep'tuple, a. seven times as much 
Sepul'chral, a. relating to burial, &c. 
Sep'ulchre, *. a tomb, grave, monument 
Sep'ulture, r. interment, burial 
Sequa'cious, a. following ; attendant ; duiSlile 
Sequa city, ;. ductility ; toughness 
Se'quel, s. a conclusion ; consequence 
Sequence, j. a following order 
Se'quent, a. following ; consequential 
Sequester, v. a. to put aside ; deprive of 
Sequestrable, a. that may be separated 
Sequestration, s. deprivation of profits 
Sequestrator, s. he into whose custody the 

thing in dispute is committed 
Serag'lio, s. the house where the eastern 

concubines, tec. are kept 
Ser'aph, ;. one of the orders of angels 
Seraphic, a. angelic, angelical 
, ( Ser'aphim, s. one of the orders of angels 
Sere, Seer, a. withered ; no longer green 
Serena'de, s. music by lovers in the night 
Sere'ne, a. calm, placid, quiet, unruffled 
Sere'nely, ad. calmly, quietly, coolly 
Serene'ness, Serenity, s. calmness, peace 
Serenltude, /. calmness, coolness of mind 
Serf, s. a slave employed in husbandry 

E X 

S H A 

Serge, ;. a kind of thin woollen cloth 
Ser'geaut, s. a petty officer in the army ; a 

degree in law next below a judge 
Se'ries, s. sequence, succession, order 
Se'rious,a. grave, solemn, important 
Se'riously, ad. gravely, solemnly, in earnest 
Ser'mon, s. a pious, instructive discourse 
Ser'monize, v. n. to preach a sermon 
Seros'ity, s. thin, watery part of the blood 
Se'rous, a. thin, watery, adapted to serum 
Ser'pent, s. a snake ; a musical instrument 
Ser'pentine, a. winding like a serpent 
Serpiginous, a. diseased with a tetter 
Serpigo, /. a kind of tetter 
Serr'ate, Serr'ated, a. jagged like a saw 
Ser'ring, s. the act of driving close 
Ser'vant, s. one who serves another 
Serve, -v. to attend at command, to assist 
Sar'vice, s. an office ; obedience, favour 
Serviceable, a. active, diligent, useful 
Servile, a slavish, mean, fawning 
Ser'vilely, ad. meanly, slavishly, pitifully 
Servil'ity, s. slavishness, meanness 
Ser'vingman, s. a menial servant 
Ser'vitor, ;. the lowest rank in a college 
Ser'vitude, s. slavery, dependance 
Se'rum, s. the watery part of the blood 
Sesquilat'eral, a. one, and a half more 
Sess, ;. a rate, a tax ; cess charged 
Ses'sion, s . a sitting of magistrates 
Set, v. to place, to fix, to frame, to plant 
Set, part. a. regular, in a formal manner 
Set, s. a complete suit or assortment 
Seta'ceous, a. bristly, set with strong hairs 
Se'ton, s. an issue, or rowel 
Sette'e, s . a long seat with a back 
Set'ter, s. one who sets ; a kind of dog 
Set'tle, s. a seat, a bench with a seat 
Set'tle, v. to fix, confirm, determine, sink 
Set'tled,«. confirmed, determined 
Settlement, j. act of settling; legal posses- 
sion ; subsidence ; a colony ; a jointure 
Sev'en, a. four and three j one more than six 
Sev'enfold, a. repeated seven times 
Sev'ennight, or Se'nnight, s. a week 
-Seven te'en, a. ten and seven 
Sev'enthly, ad. in the seventh place 
Sev'enty, a. seven times ten 
Sev'er, v. to force asunder, divide, disjoin 
Sev'eral, a. divers, many, distinct 
Severally, ad. distinctly, separately 
Seve're,a. sharp, austere, cruel, painful 
Seve'rely, a^. painfully, afflictively, horridly 
Severity, s. cruel treatment, rigour 
Sew, v. a. to join with a needle and thread 
Sew'er, s. an officer ; passage for water 
Sex, s. the distinction of male and female 
Sexagen'ary, a. aged sixty years 
Sexages'ima, s. second Sunday before Lent 
Sexagesimal, <?. numbered by sixties 

Sexan'guiar, a. having six angles 
Sexen'nial, a. lasting six years 
Sex'tant, s. the sixth part of a circle 
Sex'tile, i. the distance of Co degrees 
Sex'ton, s. an under officer of the church 
Sex'tonship, s. the office of a sexton 
Sex'tuple, a. six fold, six times told 
Shab'bily, ad. meanly, reproachfully 
Shab'biness, s. meanness, raggedness 
Shab'by, a. ragged, mean, slovenly, paltry 
Shac'kle, v. a. to chain, to fetter, to link 
Shac'kles, s. fetters, chains, gyves 
Shade, s.a shadow ; screen, shelter 
Shade, v. a. to cover from light or heat 
Shad'ow, !. a shade, faint representation 
Shad'ow, -v. a. to cloud, darken ; represent 
Shad'owy, a. full of shade, gloomy 
Sha'dy, a. secure from light or heat ; cool 
Shaft,/, an arrow ; narrow, deep pit ', aspire 
Shag, s. rough hair ; rough cloth ; a bird 
Shag'ged, Shag'gy, a. rough, rugged, hairy 
Shagre'en, s- a fish-skin remarkably rough 
Shagre'en, v. a. to provoke, to irritate 
Shake, v. to tremble, to totter, to be agitated 
Shake, s. a vibratory motion ; concussion 
Shall, v. defeSive, it has no tenses but shall 9 

future, and should, imperfect 
Shallo'on, s. a slight woollen stuff 
Shal'lop, or Shallo'op, s. a small vessel 
Shal'low, a. not deep ; futile ; silly 
Shal'low, s. a sand ; a flat ; a shoal 
Shallowness, s. a want of depth or thought 
Shalo 't, j. a kind of small onion 
Shalt, second person of shall 
Sham, v. n. to counterfeit, trick, cheat 
Sham, ;. a delusion, imposture, trick 
Sham, a. false, counterfeit, fictitious 
Sham'bles, s. a butchery, place to sell meat 
Shambling, a. moving awkwardly 
Shame, s. reproach, ignominy, disgrace 
Shame, v. to make ashamed, to disgrace 
Sha'mefaced, a. modest, bashful, sheepish 
Sha'meful, a. disgraceful, ignominious 
Sha'mefully, ad. disgracefully, infamously 
Sha'meless, a. impudent, audacious 
Sham'ois, or Cham'ois, ;. a wild goat 
Sham'rock, s. a three- leaved Irish grass 
Shank, s. middle joint of the leg ; the handle 
Shape, v. a. to form, mould, image, create 
Shape,/, a form, make, proportion 
Sha'peless, a .wanting regularity of form 
Sha'peliness, s - beauty of proportion or form 
Sha'pely, a. well formed, symmetrical 
Shard, s. a piece of a pot ; plant ; fish ; frith 
Shard'ed, a. inhabiting shards 
Share, s. a portion ; dividend ; plough blade 
Share, v. a. to divide, to partake of, cut 
Sha'rer, s. one who divides, a partaker 
Shark, s. a voracious sea-fish ; a sharper 
Sharp, a. keen, piercing, acute, sour 


S H O 

Sharp'en,-y. a. to make keen; make quick 
Sharp'er, s. a cheating, tricking fellow 
Sharp'ly,^. severely, keenly, afllictively 
Sharp'ness, s. keenness ; ingenuity ; severity 
Sharp'set, a. eager, vehemently desirous 
Sharpsight'ed, a. having quick sight 
Shat'ter, v. to break into pieces ; to impair 
Shat'terbrained, a. inattentive, giddy 
Shave, v a. to pare close with a razor, &c. 
Sha'ver, s- one who shaves ; a sharp dealer 
Sha'ving, s. a thin slice pared off any thing 
Shaw, s. a thicket, a small wood 
5he, the female protioun personal 
Sheaf, s. a bundle of new cut corn : a heap 
Shear, v. a. to strip or cut off with shears 
Shear'er, s- one that shears sheep, &c. 
Shears, s. an instrument with two blades 
Shear'man, s. he that shears 
Sheath, s. a scabbard, the case of any thing 
Sheath, or Sheathe, v. a. to put into a sheath 
Sheath'y, a. forming a sheath 
Shed, s. a shelter made of boards, &c. 
Shed, v. to spill, to scatter, to let fall 
Sheen,/, brightness, splendour... a. bright 
Sheep, s. a well-known animal 
Sheep'cot, Sheep'fold, s. an enclosure to pen 

sheep in 
Sheep'ish, a. over-modest, bashful, timorous 
Sheep'shearing, s. the time of shearing 

sheep ; a feast made when sheep are shorn 
Sheep's-eye, s. a loving, sly look 
Sheep'walk, s. a pasture for sheep 
Sheer, a. clear, pure, unmingled 
Sheet, s. linen for a bed ; a sail ; paper, &c. 
Sheet-anch'or, s. the largest anchor 
She'kel, ;. a Jewish coin, value 2s. 6d. 
Shelf, s. aboard fastened against a wall, &c. 

to place things on ; a sand bank in the 

sea ; a rock under shallow water 
Shell, s . the hard covering of any thing, &c 
Shell, v. to strip off, or cast the shell 
Shell'flsh, /. a fish covered with a shell 
Shel'ly, a. abounding with shells 
Shel'ter, /. a cover from injury ; protection 
Shel'ter, v. to defend, protect, give shelter 
Shelv'ing, a. sloping, slanting 
Shelv'y, a. shallov.- ; full of banks ; rocky 
Shep'herd, /. one who tends sheep 
Shep'herdess, x . a lass that tends sheep 
Shep'herdy, s. the work of a shepherd 
Sherbet', s. mixture of acid, water, and sugar 
Sher'iff, s. a chief annual county officer 
Sheriffalty, /. the office of the sheriff 
Sher'ry, s. a kind of Spanish white wine 
Shield, s. a buckler, defence, protection 
Shield, v. a. to cover, to defend, to secure 
Shift, s. an evasion ; a woman's body linen 
Shift, v. to change, alter, practise evasions 
Shift'er, s. an artful person, a trickster 
Shiftless, a. wasting expedients to act, &c. 

Shil'ling, s. a silver coin, value 1 2d. 
Shi'lishalli, a. wavering, hesitating 
Shi'ly, a. not frank, not familiarly 
Shin, j. the fore part of the leg 
Shine, v. n. to glisten, glitter, to be conspic- 
uous, to be glossy, be gay, be splendid 
Shine, s. fair weather, lustre, splendour 
Shi'ness, /. unwillingness, reservedness 
Shin'gles,/. a disease ; a kind of tetter ; thin 

boards, &c. to cover houses 
Shi'ny, a. bright, luminous, splendid 
Ship, s. a large vessel to sail on the sea 
Ship,?;, a. to put on board a ship 
Shipboard, ad. on board or in a ship 
Ship'man, s. a sailor, a seafaring man 
Shipping, j. vessels for navigation 
Ship'wreck, s . loss of a ship by rocks, &c. 
Shipwright, s. a ship carpenter or builder 
Shire, /. a division of the kingdom, a county 
Shirt, s. a man's under linen garment 
Shirt 'less, a. wanting a shirt 
Shit'tlecock, s. a plaything for children 
Shive, s. a slice of bread ; a thick splinter 
Shiv'er, v. to quake, to tremble, to shatter 
Shoal, s. a crowd ; shallow ; sand bank 
Shoal 'y, a . full of shoals or shallows 
Shock, t. a conflict; aconcussion ;an offence 
Shock, v. to shake violently ; to disgust ; to 

offend, to be offensive 
Shock'ing, a. disgusting, dreadful, violent 
Shod,^m. and part. pass, of io shoe 
Shoe, s. the outer cover of the foot 
Shoe'boy, s. a boy that cleans shoes 
Shoe'inghorn, s. a horn to draw on shoes 
Shoe'maker, /. one who makes shoes 
Shoe'string, /. a ribband, &c. to tie the shoes 
Shone, the pret. of to shine 
Shook, the pret. of to shake 
Shoot, v. to discharge a gun, &c. ; to germi- 
nate ; to push forward ; to jet out ; to- 
move swiftly ; to feel a quick pain 
Shoot'er, s. one that shoots, an archer 
Shop, s. a place for sale or for work 
Shop'board, s. a bench or table to work oa 
Shop'keeper, s. one who sells in a shop 
Shop'man, s. a foreman, &c in a shop 
Shore, Shorn, pret. of to shear 
Shore, s. coast of the sea,&c.a drain jbuttress 
Sho'reless, a. having no shore 
Short, a. not long ; scanty ; brittle 
Short'en, v. a. to make short, contract, lop 
Short'hand,/. a writing in characters, &c. 
Short'Iived, a. not living or lasting long 
Short'ly.arf. quickly,soon ; concisely ; briefly 
Short'ness, s. the quality of being short 
Shortsight'ed, a. defective in the sight 
Shot, pre', and part. pass, of to shoot 
Shot, s. balls for guns, &c. ; a reckoning 
Shot free, a. clear of the reckoning 
Shot'ten, a. having ejetted the spawn 



Shove, v. to push by main strength, to push 
Shove, /. the act of shoving, a push 
Shov'el, s. an instrument for digging, &c. 
Shov'elboard, s. a game and table to play on 
Shough, s. a species of shaggy dog 
Should, verb auxiliary in sub. mood 
Shoul'der, s. the joint that connects the arm 

to the body ; a prominence 
Shoul'der, v. a. to put on the shoulder ; jostle 
Shoul'derbelt, s a belt for the shoulder 
Shoul'derknot, s. a knot of lace, &c. worn 

on the shoulders of footmen, &c. 
Shout, /. a loud huzza of triumph, &c. 
Shout, v. n. to cry in triumph, &c. 
Show, v. to exhibit ; prove ; direct ; teach 
Show, s. an exhibition ; semblance ; pomp 
Show'er, s. rain, moderate or violent 
Show'er, v. a. to wet ; scatter with liberality 
Show'ery, a. rainy, inclinable to showers 
Shown, pret . and part. pass, of to sbonv 
Show'y, a. splendid, gaudy, ostentatious 
Shrank, pret. of to shrink 
Shred, s. a small piece, a fragment 
Shrew, /. a peevish, clamorous woman 
Shrewd, a. cunning, smart, turbulent 
Shrewdly, ad. cunningly, wittily, slily, 

with strong suspicion 
Shriek, v. n. to scream...*, an inarticulate 

cry of anguish or horror 
Shrift, s. confession made to a priest 
Shrill, a. sounding with an acute, tremulous 

or vibrating sound 
Shril'ness, s. sharpness of sound 
Shrimp, s. a small sea shellfish ; a dwarf 
Shrine,*, a cabinet or case to hold relics, &c. 
Shrink, v. to contract itself ; to express fear, 

pain, &c. by contracting the body 
Shrive, v. a- to hear at confession 
Shriv'el, v. a. to contract into wrinkles 
Shroud, s- dress for the dead ; a shelter 
Shroud, v. to shelter, to conceal, to harbour 
Shro'vetide, s. the Tuesday before Lent 
Shroud, s. a shelter, a cover ...v. to cover 
Shrouds, s. large ropes extended from the 

mast-head to the sides of a ship, to support 

the masts, and enable them to carry sail 
Shrub, s. a bush ; spirit with acid and sugar 
ShnuVby, a. full of or like shrubs 
Shrug, v. a. to contract or draw up 
Shrug, /. a contracting of the shoulders to 

signify contempt, pity, or aversion 
Shrunk, Shrunk 'en, part, of to shrink 
Shud'der, v. n. to quake with fear, &c. 
Shuffle, v. to dodge ; to shift ; to play 
mean tricks ; to change the position of 

the cards ; to move with an irregular gait 
Shuffle, s. a disordering of things ; a trick 
Shuf fiecap, s. a kind of play or game 
Shuffler, s. he who plays tricks or shuffles 
Shun, v. a. to avoid, to endeavour to escape 

Shut, v. to close, confine, exclude, contract 
Shut'ter, s. a cover for a window, &c. 
Shut'tle, s. an instrument used in weaving 
Shy, a. reserved, cautious, suspicious 
Sib'ilant, a. hissing 
Sibila'tion, s. a hissing sound 
Sicca'tion, s. the act of drying 
Sic'city, s. dryness, want of moisture 
Sice, s. the number six at dice 
Sick, a. afflicted with disease ; disgusted 
Sick, v. n. to sicken ; to take a disease 
Sick'en, <y. to make sick ; disgust ; decay 
Sick'le, s. a hook for reaping corn 
Sick'ly, a. not healthy, faint, weak 
Sick'ness, s. a disease, disorder of the body 
Side, s. the rib part of animals ; the edge 
Side, a. not direct...?;, n. to join with 
Si'deboard, s. a side table on which conve» 

niences are placed 
Si'delong, a. lateral, oblique, not direct 
Sid'eral, Side'real, Side'rean, a. starry 
Sid'erated, a. planet-struck ; blasted 
Sidera'tion, s. a mortification, a blast 
Si'desaddle, s. a woman's seat on horseback 
Si'desman,*. an assistant to a churchwarden 
Si'deways, Si'dewise, ad. on one side 
Si'dle, v. n. to go the narrowest way 
Siege, s. the besieging a fortified place 
Sieve, s. hair or lawn strained on a hoop 
Sift, v. a. to put through a sieve ; to examine 
Sift'er, s. he who sifts ; a sieve 
Sigh, s. a mournful breathing, a sob 
Sight, s. the sense of seeing ; a show 
Sight'less, a.blind, not sightly ; offensive 
Sight'liness, s. handsomeness, seemliness 
Sight'ly, a. comely, seemly 
Si'gil, s. a seal ; a kind of charm 
Sign, s. a token, miracle, symbol, device 
Sign, v. a. to mark, to ratify by writing 
Sig'nal, s. a sign that gives notice, mark 
Sig'nal, a. memorable, remarkable 
Sig'nalize, v. a. to make remarkable 
Sig'naliy, ad- remarkably, memorably 
Sig'nature, s. a mark, sign ; among printers, 

a letter to distinguish different sheets 
Sig'net, j. a seal, especially the king's 
Significancy, s. meaning, force, energy 
Significant, a. expressive, important 
Significantly, ad. with force of expression 
Signification, s. a meaning by sign or word 
Significative, a. strongly expressive 
Sig'nify, v. to declare, to mean, to import 
Si'lence, s. stillness, taciturnity, secrecy 
Si'lence, inter, commanding silence 
Si'lent, a. mute, still, quiet, not speaking 
Si'lently, ad. without speech or noise 
Sili'cious, a. made of hair : flinty 
Sil'iquose, Sil'iquous, a. having a pod 
Silk, s. a fine soft thread, spun by silk- 
worms ; any thing made of it 


20 5 


Silk'en, a. made of silk. ; soft ; tender 
Silk/mercer, s. a dealer in silk. 
Silk'weaver, s. a weaver of silken stuffs 
Silk'worm, s. the worm that spins silk 
Silk'y, a. made of silk, soft, pliant 
Sill, /. the foot of a door-ease, &c. 
Sil'labub, or Sil'litmb, s. a liquor made of 

milk, cider or wine, sugar, &c. 
Sii'liness, s. simplicity ; weakness 
Sit'ly, a. harmless, weak, simple, foolish 
Sil'van, a. woody, full of woods 
Sil'ver, j. a white hard metal 
Sil'ver, a. made of, or like silver 
Silversmith,/, one who deals in silver, &c. 
Simar', or Sima're, s. a woman's loose robe 
Sim'ilar, a. of a like form or quality 
Similarity, s. likeness, resemblance 
Sim'ile, s. a comparison for illustration 
Simil'itude, s. likeness* comparison 
Sim'mer, v. n. to boil gently or slowly 
Sim'nel, s. a kind of sweet bread or cake 
Sim'ony, /. the crime of buying or selling 

church preferments 
Si'mous, a. having a flat or snubbed nose 
Sim'per, v. n. to smile or look pleasantly 
Sim'per, s. a kind of pleasant smile 
Sim'ple, a. plain, artless ; unmingled ; silly 
Sim'ple, /. a single ingredient ; an herb, &c. 
Sim'ple, v. n. to gather simples 
Sinip'ler, Simplist, s. an herbalist 
Sim'pleton, s. a silly or simple person 
Simplicity, s, plainness, weakness 
Simp'ly, ad. without art, foolishly 
Sim'ular, s. one that counterfeits 
Simulation, /. a dissembling, feigning 
Simultaneous, a. acling together 
Sin, j. a violation of the laws of God 
Sin, v. n. to violate the laws of God 
Since, ad. because that, before this ; ago 
Since're, a. pure, honest, uncorrupt 
Sincerity, s. purity of mind, honesty 
Sin'don, s . a fold, a wrapper 
Sine, s. a kind of geometrical line 
Si'necure, s". an office which has revenue 

without any employment 
Sln'ew, s. a tendon, muscle, or nerve 
Sin'ewed, a. furnished with sinews, strong, 

firm, vigorous 
Sin'ewy, a. nervous, strong, forcible 
Sin'ful, a. not holy, wicked, profane 
Sing, v. to form the voice to melody ; to 
celebrate ; give praises to ; to tell in poetry- 
Singe, v. a. to scorch, to burn slightly 
Sing'er, s. one skilled in singing 
Sin'gle, a. alone, unmarried, individual 
Sin'gleness, s. not duplicity ; sincerity 
Sin'gly, ad. individually, only, by himself 
Sin'gular, a. only one ; particular; rare 
Singularity, s. any thing remarkable j a cu- 
riosity j a distinguished character 

Sin'gularly, ad. particularly ; strangely 

Sin'gult, s. a sigh 

Sin'ister, a. on the left hand ; bad ; unlucky 

Sink, v. to fall gradually, settle, decline 

Sink, s. a drain, jakes, place of filth 

Sin'Iess, a. exempt from sin, innocent 

Sin'ner, s. an offender, a criminal 

Sin'offering, s. an expiation for sin 

Sin'oper, Sin'opie, s. a kind of red earth 

Sin'uous, a. bending in and out 

Si'nus, s. a bay of the sea ; gulf; opening 

Sip, v. to drink by small draughts 

Sip, s. a small draught, small mouthful 

Si'phon, ;. a pipe to convey liquors thro',&.c. 

Sip'pet, s. a small sop 

Sir, s. a word of respect to men ; a title 

Sire, s. a father ; a male 

Si'rens, s. sea monsters who enticed men by 

singing, and then devoured them 
Sir'ius, s. the great dog star 
Sir'name, s. the family name 
Siroc'co, s. the south-east, or Syrian wind 
Sir'rah, s. a name of reproach and insult 
Sir'up, s. vegetable juice boiled with sugar 
Sis'ter, s. a woman born of one's parents 
Sis'terhood, s. women of the same society 
Sis'terly, a. like or becoming a sister 
Sit, v. to repose on a seat, to incubate 
Site, s. situation, local position 
Sith, ad. since ; seeing that 
Sifting, s. the acl: of resting on a seat 
Sit'uate, Sit'uated, a. placed ; lying 
Situa'tion, s. a position ; condition ; state 
Six, a. twice three, one more than five 
Six'pence, s. half a shilling 
Six-sco're, a. six times twenty 
Sixte'en, a. six and ten 
Sixth, a. the next after the fifth 
Sixth'ly, ad. in the sixth place 
Six'tieth, a. the tenth six times repeated 
Six'ty, a. six times ten 
Size, s. bulk ; a glutinous substance 
Si'zeable, a. reasonably bulky 
Si'zer, s. a student of the lowest rank at the 

university of Cambridge 
Si'zy, a. glutinous, viscous, ropy 
Skate, s. a flat sea-fish ; a sliding shoe 
Skate, v. n. to slide on ice with skates 
Skean, s. a short sword ; a knife 
Skein, s. a hank of silk, thread, &c. 
Skel'eton, s. the bones of the body preserved 

as in their natural situation 
Skel'lum, s. a villain, a scoundrel 
Sketch, s. an outline ; rough draught 
Sketch, v. n. to trace the outlines ; to plan 
Skew, v. n. to squint ; to look disdainfully 
Skew'er, s. a sort of pin to truss meat 
Skiff, ;. a small light boat 
Skil'faY, a. knowing, experienced 
Ski! 'fully, <?<£ with skiilj dexterously 



S L O 

Skill, s. knowledge, experience, dexterity 
Skil'led, a. knowing, acquainted with 
Skil'let, s. a small kettle or boiler 
Skim, v. to take off the scum ; pass lightly 
Skim'mer, s. a ladle to take off the scum 
Skim'milk, s. milk deprived of its cream 
Skin, s. the hide, pelt ; rind of fruit 
Skin, v. a. to flay ; to uncover ; to heal 
Skink'er, s. one that serves drink 
Skin'ner, s. a dealer in skins 
Skin'ny, a. wanting flesh, thin, lean 
Skip, "v. to pass by quick leaps ; to miss 
Skip, s. a light leap or bound 
Skip'jack, ;. an upstart ; a lackey 
Skip'per, s. a ship-master, or ship-boy 
Skir'mish, s. a slight fight,"a contest 
Skirt, s. the edge, margin, extreme part 
Skit, s. a whim ; lampoon ; insinuation 
Skit'tish, a. easily frighted ; wanton ; fickle 
Skreen, s. a coarse sieve ; a shelter 
Skreen, v. a. to sift ; to shade ; to shelter 
Skue, a. oblique, sidelong 
Skulk, v. n. to hide ; lurk in fear or malice 
Skull, j. the bone that encloses the head 
Sky, s. the heavens, the firmament 
Sky'lark, s. a bird that soars and sings 
Sky'light, s. a window in the roof 
Sky'rocket, s. a kind of rising firework 
Slab, s. a plane of stone ; a puddle 
Slab'ber, v. to drivel, to shed ; to spill 
.-lab'by, a. plashy, dirty, thick, viscous 
Slack, a. not tense, loose, remiss, relaxed 
Slack, Slack'en, v. to be remiss, abate, flag 
Slack, s. coal broken into small parts 
Slack'ness, s. looseness ; negligence 
Slag, s. the dross or recrement of metals 
Slain, part. pass, of to slay 
Slake, v. to quench, extinguish, be relaxed 
Slam, s. winning all the tricks at cards 
Slam, v. a. to win all the tricks ; shut hard 
Slan'der, s. false invective ; reproach 
Slan'der, v. a. to backbite, to scandalize 
Slan'derer, s. one who belies another 
Slan'derous, a. falsely abusive 
Slant, v. a. to cast obliquely or sideways 
Slant, Slant'ing, s. oblique, sloping 
Slap, v. a. to strike with the open hand 
Slap'dash, ad. all at once, suddenly 
Slash, v. to cut ; lash ; strike at random 
Slash, s. a wound, cut in cloth, &c. 
Slate, s. grey fossile stonc.-u. a. to cover 

the roof 
Sla'ter, s. one who covers with slates 
Siat'tern, s. a negligent, careless woman 
Slave, j. one deprived of freedom 
Slave, v. n. to drudge, to moil, to toil 
Slav'er, v- to emit, or smear with, spittle 
Sla'very, s. the condition, &c. of a slave 
Slaughter, s. destruction with a sword 
Slaugh'ter, v. a. to massacre, to slay 

Slaughterhouse, s. a house in which beasts 

are killed by the butcher 
Slaugh'terman, s. one employed in killing 
Sla'vish, a. servile, mean, base, dependant 
Sla'vishness, s. servility, meanness 
Slay, v. a. to kill, butcher, put to death 
Sleaz'y, a. thin, slight, wanting substance 
Sled, or Sledge, s. a carriage without wheels, 

a smith's large hammer 
Sleek, a. smooth, glossy, delicate, nitid 
Sleek'ness, u smoothness, glossiness 
Sleep, s. repose, rest, slumber...?;, n. to rest 
Sleep'iness, s. drowsiness, heaviness 
Sleep'ing, s. the act of taking rest in sleep 
Sleep'less, a. without sleep ; watchful 
Sleep'y, a. drowsy, sluggish, causing sleep 
Sleet, /. a kind of smooth, small snow, &c. 
Sleet'y, a. bringing sleet 
Sleeve, s. the dress covering the arm 
Sleeve'button, s. a button for the sleeve 
Sleeve'less, a. having no sleeves 
Sleight, s. dexterous practice, art, trick 
Slen'der, a. thin, small, not bulky, sparing 
Slept, pret. of to sleep 
Slew, pret. of to slay 

Slice, v. to cut into thin pieces, to divide 
Slide, v. to glide on ice ; pass unnoticed 
Slide, s. a frozen place to slide on 
Slight, a. small ; worthless ; not strong 
Slight, s. neglect ; contempt ; artifice ; scorn 
Slight, v. a. to neglect, to disregard 
Slight'ingly,a<2. with disdain, negligently 
Slight'ly,«d. negligently, scornfully ; weakly 
Slight'ness, s. weakness ; negligence 
Slim, a. slender, thin of shape 
Slime, s. any glutinous substance, mud 
Slim'ness, s. slenderness, thinness of shape 
Sli'my, a. viscous, glutinous, ropy 
Sli'ness, s. low cunning, craftiness, artifice 
Sling, s. a missive weapon for stones ; a stroke 
Sling, v. a. to throw by a sling, &c. 
Slink, v. to sneak away ; to cast, its young 
Slip, v. to slide ; fall into error ; to fall out 

of the memory ; convey secretly 
Slip, s. a false step ; mistake ; twig ; escape 
Slip'board, s. a board sliding in grooves 
Slip'knot, s. a bow-knot, a knot easily untied 
Slip'per, s. a morning shoe ; a loose shoe 
Slip'pery, Slip'py,^. glib ; uncertain 
Slip'shod, a. not having the shoe pulled up 
Slip'slop, s. bad or insipid liquor 
Slit, v. a. to cut any thing lengthwise 
Slit, s. a long cut or narrow opening 
Sli'ver, v. a. to split...*, a branch torn off 
Sloats, s. the under parts of a cart 
Slcb'ber, v. to slaver, to wet with spittle 
j Sloe, s. the fruit of the blackthorn 
! Sloop, s- a small sea-vessel 
! Slop, v. a. to dash with water ; drink hastily 
• Slope, s, a declivity, an oblique direction 



Slope, a. oblique, not perpendicular 

Slope, Slo'pewise, Slo'pingly, ad. obliquely 

Slop'py, a. miry and wet, plashy 

Sloth, s. slowness, idleness ; an animal 

Sloth'ful, a. idle, lazy, sluggish, inactive 

Stoth'fuliy, ad. with sloth, lazily 

Slouch, /. a downcast look j a man who 

looks heavy and clownish 
Slouching, a. walking awkwardly 
Slov'en, s. one dirtily or carelessly dressed 
Slov'enly, a. negligent, not neat ; dirty 
Sov'enly, ad. in a coarse, inelegant manner 
Slough, s. a deep, miry place ; the skin 

which a serpent casts off periodically 
Slough'y, a. miry, boggy, muddy 
Slow, a. not swift ; late ; dull ; tardy 
Slowly, ad. not speedily, not rashly 
Slow'ness, s. want of velocity ; deliberation 
Slo'worm, s. a small worm or viper 
Slub'ber, v. a. to do a thing lazily, to daub 
Slubberdegul'lion, s. a mean, dirty wretch 
Sludge, s. mire, dirt mixed with water 
Slug, s. an idler, a drone j a slow snail 
Slug'gard, s. a drone, an idle, lazy fellow 
Slug'gish, a. dull, drowsy, lazy, slothful 
Slug'gishly, ad. dully, not nimbly, idly 
Sluice, s. a water-gate, a flood-gate 
Sluice, v. a. to emit by flood-gates 
Slum'ber, tj. to sleep lightly, to doze 
Slum'ber, s. light sleep, repose 
Slum'berous, a. causing sleep, sleepy 
Slung, pret. and part, of to sling 
Slunk, pret. and part, of to slink 
Slur, s. a slight disgrace...?;, a. to sully, soil 
Slut, s. a dirty woman ; a word of contempt 
Slut'tish, a. nasty, not cleanly, dirty 
Slut'tishness, s. nastiness ; dirtiness 
Sly, a. meanly artful, secretly insidious 
Sly'ly, ad. with secret artifice, insidiously 
Smack, s. taste, savour j a loud kiss 
Small, a. little, slender ; minute ; petty 
Small'coal, s. small wood coals used in light- 
ing fires 
SmaU'craft, 5. vessels less than ships 
Small'ness, s. minuteness ; weakness 
Small'pox, s. an eruptive malignant distem- 
per, very contagious 
Smalt, s. a beautiful blue substance 
Smarag'dine, a. made of, or like emerald 
Smart, a. pungent, quick, acute, brisk 
Smart, v. n. to feel quick, lively pain 
Smartly, ad. sharply, briskly, wittily 
Smart'ness, s- quickness ; liveliness ; vigour 
Smatch, s. a taste ; tincture ; a bird 
Smat'ter, s. superficial knowledge 
Smat'tering, s. a slight knowledge 
Smear, v. a. to soil, to daub, to contaminate 
Smear'y, a. dauby ; adhesive 
Smeeth, v. a. to blacken with smoke 
Smell, v. to perceive by the nose a &c. 

Smell, s. the power of smelling, scent 
Smelt, pret. and part. pass, of to smell 
Smelt, >. a small sea-fish 
Smelt, v. a. to extract metal from ore 
Smelt'er, s. one who melts ore 
Smerk, v. n. to smile amorously, &c. 
Smerk, Smirk, a. nice, smart, jaunty, gay 
Smick'et, s. a woman's under garment 
Smile, v. n. to look gay, &c. be propitious 
Smile, s. a look of pleasure or of kindness 
Smilingly, ad. with a look of pleasure 
Smit, Smit'ten, part. pass, of to smite 
Smite, v. to strike j kill ; destroy ; blast 
Smith, s. one who works in metals 
Smith'ery, Smith'y, s. a smith's shop 
Smock, s. the under garment of a woman 
Smock'faced, a. beardless, maidenly, pale 
Smoke, s. a sooty exhalation ; a steam 
Smoke, v. to emit smoke, to burn ; discov- 
er ; use tobacco ; dry in smoke ; sneer or 
ridicule ; smell out, find out 
Smo'kedry, v. a. to dry in the smoke 
Smo'ky, a. emitting, or full of smoke, fuming 
Smooth, a. even ; plain ; bland ; mild 
Smooth, v. a. to level ; make easy ; soften 
Smooth'en, v. a. to make even and smooth 
Smoothly, ad. evenly ; easily ; calmly 
Smooth'ness,j. evenness of surface ; mildness 
Smote, pret. of to smite 
Smoth'er, v. to suffocate ; to suppress 
Smoth'er, s. a smoke, thick dust; suppression 
Smug, a. nice, spruce, neat 
Smug'gle, v. a. to import or export goods 

without paying the customs 
Smug'gler, s. one who cheats the revenue 
Smugly, ad. neatly, sprucely, nicely 
Smug'ness, s. spruceness, neatness 
Smut, s. spot with soot ; mildew ; obscenity 
Smutch, v. a. to black with smoke 
Smut'tily, ad. smokily, blackly ; obscenely 
Smut'ty, a. black with smoke ; obscene 
Snack, ;. a share, a part taken by compadt 
Snaffle, /. a bridle that crosses the nose 
Snag, s. a jagg ; a protuberance ; a tooth 
Snag'ged, Snag'gy, a. full of jaggs 
Snail, s. a testaceous animal ; a drone 
Suake, s. a serpent of the oviparous kind 
Sna'keroot, s. the name of a medicinal root 
Sna'ky, a. serpentine ; having serpents 
Snap, v. to break at once, brcfak short ; bite 
Snap'dragon, s . a plant ; a kind of play 
Snap'per, s. one who snaps 
Snap'pish, a. eager to bite, surly, cross 
Snap'pishly, ad. crossly, peevishly, tartly 
Snap'sack, s. a soldier's bag, a knapsack 
Snare, s. a gin, net, trap, engine 
Snare, v. a. to entrap, to entangle 
Snarl, v. to growl like a dog, &c. ; to speak 

roughly ; to entangle 
Snarl'er, s. a surly, captious fellow 

s o c 



Snatch, v. to seize hastily...?, a hasty catch 
Snatch'block, s. a kind of pulley in a ship 
Snatch'er, s. one who snatches hastily 
Sneak, v. n. to creep -slyly, to crouch 
Sneak'er, s. a large vessel of drink 
Sneak'ing, a. servile, mean, niggardly 
Sneak'up, s. a cowardly, creeping scoundrel 
Sneap, s. a reprimand. ..v. a. to check ; nip 
Snecfc, s. a latch, or fastening to a door 
Sneer, s. contempt...-!;. ¥t. to show contempt 
Sneeze, s. emission of wind audibly by the 
nose, occasioned by an irritation of the 
nostrils...t>. n. to emit wind by the nose 
Snick and Snee, s . a combat with knives 
Snick'er, v. a. to laugh wantonly or slyly 
Sniff, v. n. to draw breath by the nose 
Snig'gle,-y. n. to fish for eels with a bait 
Snip, ^'. a. to cut at once with scissurs,&c. 
Snipe, s. a small feu fowl ; a fool 
Snip'pet, .'. a small part, a share 
Snlp'snap, j. tart dialogue 
Smv'e!,i>. n.torunatthenos ;cry childishly 
Snivelling, a. peaking, whining, pitiful 
Snore, ;. a noise through the nose in sleep 
Snort, v. n. to blow through the nose as a 

high-mettled horse 
Snout, s. the nose of a beast, the nozel 
Suow^ s- water frozen in flakes ; a small ship 
Siiow'ball, s. a lump of congealed snow 
Snow'drop, /. a small white spring flower 
Saow'y, a. white as snow, full of snow 
Snub, s. a knot in wood ; a jagg, a snag 
Snub, v. a. to check, to reprimand ; to nip 
Snuff, s. the burnt wick of a candle ; pow- 

.dered tobacco taken up the nose 
Snuff, v. to crop ; to scent ; to draw breath 
Snuffbox, s. a box in which snuff 13 carried 
Snuffers, s. an utensil to snuff candles 
Snuffle, v. n. to speak through the nose 
Snug, a. close, hidden, concealed, sly 
Snug'gle, v. n. to lie close ; to lie warm 
So, ad. in like manner ; thus ; provided that 
..Soak, v. to steep in any liquid ; to imbibe ; 

to drain ; to exhaust 
Soap, s. a substance used in washing 
Soap'boiler, s. one who makes soap 
Soar, v. n. to fly aloft, to rise high, to aim 

high, to be aspiring 
Sob, v. n. to sigh convulsively in weeping, 

- &c....f. a convulsive sigh 
Sober, a. temperate, regular, serious 
So'berly, ad. temperately, moderately, cool- 
ly, calmly ; gravely, seriously 
Sobvi'ety, s. temperance in drink ; calmness 
Soc'cage, »-. an ancient tenure of lands 
So'ciable, a. inclined to company ; familiar 
So'ciableness, f. inclination to company, &c. 
So'cial, a. familiar, fit for society 
Soci'ety, t. fraternity ; company ; partnership 
Socin'ian, ;, a follower of Bocims 

Socin'ianism, s. the opinions of Faustus So- 
cinus, who asserted, that Christ had no 
pre-existent state before his being born of 
Mary ; and that original sin, predestina- 
tion 3 and reprobation, were mere chimeras 
Sock, s. something put between the shoe and 

stocking ; the shoe of the ancient adtors 
Sock'et, s. any hollow that receives some- 
thing inserted ; the receptacle of the eye 
Sod, s. a turf, a clod 
Sodal'ity, s. fellowship, fraternity 
Sod'den, part. pass, of to seeth ; boiled 
So'der, or Sol'der, s. a metallic cement 
Sod'omite, s. one guilty of sodomy 
Sod'omy, s. a very unnatural crime 
So'fa, s. a splendid seat covered 
Soft, a. not hard, or rough, simple, gentle 
Soft, inter, hold, stop, not so fast 
Sofi'en, v. to make soft or easy, to mollify 
Soft'ly, ad. gently, slowly, mildly, tenderly 
Soft'ness,j. quality of being soft ; effeminacy 
Soho ! inter, form of calling to one afar off 
Soil, /. dung ; compost ; earth, dirt 
So'journ, v. n. to dwell awhile in some place 
Sojourner, s. a temporary dweller 
Sol'ace, s. comfort, pleasure ; alleviation 
So'lar, So'iary, a. pertaining to the sua 
Sold, pret. and part . pass, of to sell 
Soi'dan, ;. a Mahometan prince, or Sultan 
Sol'dier, s. one who fights for pay ; a warrior 
Sol'diery, /. a body of soldiers, soldicrsuip 
Sole, s. the bottom of the foot or shoe ; a fish 
Sole, v. a. to furnish shoes with new soles 
Sole, a. single, aione ; in law, unmarried 
Sol'ec'rem, & an impropriety of speech 
So'lely, ad. 9l»g!f ; only ; separately 
Sol'emn, a. awful ; religiously grave ; serious 
Solem'nity, s. a ceremony ; affected gravity 
Solemnization, s. the act of celebration 
Solemnize, v. a. to dignify by formalities 
Sol'emnTy, ad. in a solemn manner 
Soli'clt, v. a. to excite ; implore, ask 
Solicita'tion, s. importunity, an entreaty 
Solicitor, s. one who a&s for another 
Soli'citous, a. anxious ; careful ; concerned 
Soii'citress, s. a woman who solicits 
Soli'citude, s. anxiety ; carefulness 
Sol'id, a. not fluid, firm, true, compact 
Solid'ity, s. fulness of matter, firmness 
Soiifid'ian, s. one who holds faith only, not 

works, necessary to salvation 
Soiil'oquy, s. a discourse, &c to one's self 
Solita'ire, s. a neck ornament ; a hermit 
Sol'itary, a. retired ; gloomy -, single 
Sol'itude, s. a lonely life or place ; a desert 
So'lo, s. a tune played by one person 
Sol'stice, s. the tropical point of the sun 
Solsri'tial, a. belonging to the solstice 
Soiv'abie, a. possible to be cleared by reason 
or inquiry ; able to pay 

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Sol'uble, a. capable of dissolution 
Solubil'ity, s. susceptiveness of separation 
Solve, i>. a. to clear, explain, resolve 
Solv'ency, s. an ability to pay debts 
Solv'ent, a. able to pay debts ; dissolving 
Solu'te, a. loosened ; disengaged ; fluent 
Solu'tion, /. a separation ; explanation 
Sol'utive, a. laxative, causing relaxation 
Somatology, s. the doctrine of bodies 
Some, a. more or less j certain persons 
Some'body, s. an indiscriminate person 
Som'erset, s. a leap from a beam, &c. 
Some'how, ad. one way or other 
Something, s. not nothing, part 
Some'time, ad. once, formerly 
Some'times, ad. now and then, not never 
Some'what, s. something, more or less 
Some'where, ad. in one place or other 
Somniferous, Somnific, a. causing sleep 
Som'nolency, s. sleepiness, drowsiness 
Son, s. a male child, native, descendant 
Son-in-law, s. one married to one's daughter 
Sona'ta, s. a tune for instruments only 
Song, s. a composition in verse to be sung 
Songs'ter, s. a singer of songs 
Songs'tress, s. a female singer 
Son'net, s. a short poem of 14 lines only 
Sonnettee'r, s. a small or petty poet 
Soniferous, a. giving, or bringing sound 
Sonorif ic, Sonoriferous, a. giving sound 
Sono'rous, a. loud, or high sounding 
Soon, ad. before long, early, readily 
Soot, j. condensed or embodied smoke 
Soot'ed, a. smeared or covered with soot 
Soot'erkin, s. a kind of false birth, fabled 
to be produced by Dutch women from sit- 
ting over their stoves 
Sooth, s. truth, reality...^, pleasing 
Socth, v. a. to flatter, to ca!m, to gratify 
Sooth'say, v. n. to predict, to foretel 
Sooth'sayer, s. a foreteller, predictor 
Sooth'saying, s. foretelling future events 
Soot'y, a. smeared with soot, black, dark 
Sop, j. any thing steeped in liquor 
Sop, v. a. to steep in liquor 
Soph, ;. an under graduate of two years 
So'phi, s. the emperor of Persia 
Soph'ism, s. a fallacious argument 
Soph'ist, s. a subtle, cavilling disputer 
Soph'ister, s. a fallacious disputant 
Sophist'ical, a. fallacious, deceitful 
Sophist'ieally, ad. with fallacious subtilty 
Sophisticate, v. a. to adulterate, to debase 
Soph'istry, s. a fallacious reasoning 
Soporif'erous, Soporific, a. causing sleep 
Sor'cerer, s. a conjurer, magician, wizard 
Sor'ceress, s. a female magician, enchantress 
Sor'cery,/. magic, enchantment, conjuration 
Sord, s. turf, grassy ground 
Sordes, s. foulness, dregs 

S 2 

Sor'did, a. foul, dirty, base, mean, covetous 
! Sor'didly, ad. meanly, poorly, covetously 
Sore, s. a place tender and painful, an ulcer 
So'rel, s. a buck of the third year 
So'rely, ad with great pain or vehemence 
Sor'rel, s. an acid plant ; a reddish colour 
Sor'rily, ad. meanly, poorly, despicably 
Sor'row, s. grief, sadness, mourning 
Sor'rowful, a. mournful, grieving, sad 
Sor'ry, a. grieved ; vile, worthless 
Sort, s. a kind, species, manner ; class ; 
degree of any quality ; lot ; set ; suit 
I Sort> v. to separate, cull ; suit, conjoin, fit 
Sort'ance, s. suitableness ; agreement 
Sort'ilege, s. the act of drawing lots 
Sort'ment, s. distribution, a parcel sorted 
Soss, v. n. to fall plump into ; to sit lazily 
Sot, j. a drunkard ; dolt, blockhead 
Sot'tish, a. addicted to liquor; doltish 
Sov'ereign, a. supreme in power or efficacy 

..^f. a monarch, a king, supreme lord 
Sovereignty, s. state, &c. of a sovereign 

prince, supremacy, highest place 
Sought, pret. and part. pass, of to seek 
Soul, s. the immaterial, immortal part of 

man ; spirit ; essence, ; vital principle 
Sound, a. healthy ; right ; stout, hearty 
Sound, s. any thing audible ; a shallow sea 
Sound, v. to try depth with a plummet ; ex- 
amine ; celebrate by sound ; make a noise 
Sound'ing, a. of a loud or magnificent sound 
Sound'ings, s. places fathomable at sea 
Sound'ly, ad. heartily ; stoutly ; rightly 
Soup, s. a decoction of flesh for the table 
Sour, a. acid ; austere ; painful ; cross 
Source, s. a spring ; head ; original cause 
Sour'ish, a. somewhat scur 
Sour'ly, ad. with acidity, or acrimony 
Sous, s. a small French coin, value id. 
Souse, s. a pickle made of salt and water 
Souse, ad. all at once, with sudden violence 
Souse, v. to steep in pickle ; to plunge into 

water ; to fall, as a bird on its prey 
South, s- one of the four cardinal points ; the 
part where the sun is to us at noon ; the 
southern regions ; the south wind 
South, a. southern...^, toward the south 
South'ing, a. approaching to the south 
South'erly, a. from or toward the south 
South'ernwood, s. a plant 
South'ward, ad. toward the south 
Sow, s. a female pig ; a large mass of lead 
Sow, v- to scatter, to spread ; to propr.gate 
Sow'ins, s. flummery ; oatmeal soured 
Sown, part, of to soiv 
Space, s. extension ; quantity of time 
Spa'cious, a. wide, extensive, roomy 
Spade, s. a sort of shovel ; suit of cards 
Spadi'ceous, a. of a light red 
Spadi'Ue, ;, ace of sxades at quadrille, &c. 

S P E 

3 P I, 

Spa'gyric, Spagyr'ical, a. chymicat 
Spa'gyrist, s. one who professes chymi'stry 
Spake, the pret. of to spe^k 
Spallj s. the shoulder 
Span, s. nine inches ; any short duration 
Span, v- a. to measure with the hand extended 
Span'gle, s. a small plate of shining metal 
Span'gle, v. a to besprinkle with spangles 
Span'iel, s. a dog for sport ; a sycophant 
Span'ish, a. of, or pertaining to Spain 
Span'ish, j. a kind of earth used in bricks 
Spank, v. a. to slap with the open hand 
Spank'er, s. a small coin 
Spank'ing, a. large ; jolly ; strong ; fine 
Span'ner, s. the lock of a fusee or carabine 
Spar, i. marcasite ; a small beam ; a bar 
Spar, v. to shut, close ; fight ; quarrel 
Spar'abie, s. a small nail used in shoe-heels 
Spare, v. to be frugal, to forbear, to forgive 
Spare, a. scanty ; lean j superfluous 
Spa'rerib, s. ribs of pork with little flesh 
Spa'ring, a. frugal, scanty, parsimonious 
Spark, s. a small particle of fire ; a gay man 
Spar'kle, i. a small particle of fire or light 
Spar'kle, v. n. to emit sparks, shine, glitter 
Spar'row, s. a small kind of bird 
Spar'rowhawk, s. a kind of small hawk 
Spasm, s. a convulsion ; a cramp 
Spasmodic, Spasmod'ical, a. convulsive 
Spat, ;. the young of shell-fish...the pret. of 

to spit 
Spa'tiate, v. n. to range, to ramble at large 
Spat'ter, v. to sprinkle ; asperse -, spit 
Spat'terdashes, s. covering for the legs 
Spat'ula, s. an instrument used by apotheca- 
ries for spreading plasters 
Spav'in, s. a disease in horses 
Spaw, s. a place famous for mineral water 
Spawl, f. spittle, saliva 
Spawn, s. the eggs of fish, &c. ; an offspring 
Spay, v. a. to castrate female animals 
Speak, v. to talk ; celebrate ; pronounce 
Speak'able, a. having power, or fit to speak 
Speak'er, s. one who speaks, or proclaims 
Speak'ing, part . a. talking, uttering words 
Spear, ;. a long pointed weapon, a lance 
Spear'mint, s. a plant, a species of mint 
Spe'cial, a. particular ; uncommon ; chief 
Spe'cies, s. a kind, sort ; class of nature 
Specific, a. that which distinguishes one sort 

rom another ; a particular quality 
Specific, s . a remedy for one disease 
Specifically, ad. according to the species 
Spe'cify, v. a. to particularize, to express in 

particular, to mention in express terms 
Specimen, s. an example, pattern ; essay 
Spe'cious, a. showy ; plausible ; striking 
Spe'ciously, ad.