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71I0L7/ Yi/iD LiLEll llirr' W 




HEBEERT, Count of Veimasdois, came over with William the Ooni^ueior, A. D. 1066. 

Lucia, d.and coheir of.Eoliort Corliet, Ali'cstor, of Warwu'ksliiro. 

\Vir.i,[.vM Ai-I-K.v-KiN. iilixs, Ilcrliert. J_ Gwe.illion, (1. of Howell, a Welsh Prince. 

.I..11.V ..f W,.|ii.lii, wliuso and huir WM 
a[i..cst.,r ..f I'r..|.'cr, ofWunuIn, 

I l.iwicu. A|), uf Trciwn, M.jiiiiionth, 
Niiw the imji)orty uf John Artliur Ilerhert .lones, of 
Llaniirth (Jiifitle, and (Hy tha, his descendant. 1 S**.'). 
IliK KiTiit-Kruat-uraudson (of Troown) John ArTnosiAk in l+sl. 


>AV11>, anct> 
the Morga, 


Tn..MAs, from wli.mi are ,hveeiuK.,l the ninsl nol.le 
family of Ilerhert, Karl..; .,f I'euihroke, niul Earls 
of Montgomery, in Wales, the premier Earls. if 
England. 183S. 
. Maml. .laii(;htor of Howell Ap Eice. 

.1. of Davi.i .,f (Jwillin: Mori;an i /l«rh'.i/:.r,i,lr). 

His great-grandfioji Sir 
s M. 1'. for Monnnintl: 


' Ills Bim, Henry .lojies, of Mi. 

I'liili|) .lone, 

anil (^ol.iiiel of the IVIonmonth Rerinient. ,„ . t i • 

,, , , - ,r. „, , r , dieton, j>aneiisiii.„. 

le roii;'lit for KuiK Charles I. and Wiis ,,. a- -n t t m- t 

':,,,/?,,. , lli6soii,bir Koffer .Jones, of Mid- 

present ni Uae an ('aste when It w!ust:ik- II * P All f 

'„...",,., , , dieton, &e.. Alderman of 

en liy Piurhix. Jlisdescendant, as stated t ond i 

ahove, now owns the family pro]iert.y. [,|^' ^^^^^ 'l'],,,,,,,,,, j,,,,^.,^ Areh- 

liislio|, ,,f Diililiii. Lord Cliaii- 
i-elloriif Ireland. llMrii, l.-,41.+ 

IlaliKliler uf Daniel Aelo: 
of .Snflolk. 

ItioiiAini, of \VAi;n.ii, of 

remhroke, had issne. Slolesworth. had is. 

Margaret, ilanjihter of Adam I'nrdoii, of Liiri,MTl l!aee. ('oimty i.ollth. 

K lto,!Kii,-l-l''raii,.es, il. of Lord i^i« "'' 

Vis, KanehiKll 
} Arthnr 


Dro^dieda (Moorel. Lord ('l,an..ellnr. 

Viseount Kanelagh. His ^oll, .lolni .lone-, married 

Vis. Jianelagh. Margaret, sister of Oliver Crom- 

§ Earl of Eiinelagh. well. His descendant is .lohn 

I I 

L|.:w.s, Bishop of Killaloe, MAnuAiiK-i^Wli.UKirr Dom 

d. I(i44. IJ ■ From whom the Dom 

I family, Haronets, is 

Several other sons. 
M,y History. 


had i.s.sne. liish.ip of Kildare. (Jeneral. 

.lohn .Jones, \ hcsses to a sale of land here at that date. 

.1.KXAKUKH .loNKs— Mi.« Brookc, of the family of Brooke, liaronets, of Cole Brooke, 

I I I 

Kichard § Earl of Ennelagh. well. His descendant is .John ni:Mtv-[-J)am;hter Sir Hugh 

1,174. Hawtry .Tones, of Mnllinahrn, l!isl„,|,„f Mealli| Collnm. 

lie died 1711, when the Karldom ( 'onnly Kilkenny, and of Conn- .FohuJonesl 

heeame exIiiieL It «as r.vivrd in ty \V,.\f,.r,l. High Sheritt, D. ' [- Moth of these gentlemen, fatlwr and son, were alive in ITDIt anil are wit- 

IT.^il in Ihe per.Miii ,.f Cliariis .lones, I... ■S; : ISSS. 
who heeame Viseount' RanelaglF, 

from whom Thomas lIeron.lone.s, the 
pre.sent Viseount, deseends. For 

ofC'ullion, Piperlli'l,&c 


.lollN-^Elizahetli M 

Who died lately. Died , 
without issue, at 

ni. Thmnas Willianr 

of Ca.stle Oomer. 

Has issue. 

RoBKur— Jlarv Elliot 

Matilda Longmore and 
hiL- issue. 





in trdanil e 


earlier— in tlie time of Brien Burn. Welsh 

• SiirniuiK.3 in Englnnd did mil liB?iu till tlie time of Riclinrd t., nlioal 1'200. nnd tlien generally wore tefritorinl. Tliey b 
1111,1 Irisli siirnnnies were pBrannol, not territoiial. Tin- Se.iicli aurnames are pei^onal; at lenat all descended from Iriah cLieftnina. 

t bia pedigree as jriv.ii in Biiili... iiciUvs no mention of other cLildren of the Arclibialiop but bia own forefather, Siir linger, the eldest son, and Ladv Margaret.. He omits the fact tli 
Ihe Areliiiishop's fatliir wiia an AliK-niiiiii ..t I..ii.Li„n I lu luin-r is a bit of anobber.v; tlie f.irnier arises from all the Jonea family at that time siding with Cromwell. 

) FromadniU'lileiof Lord Arlbiir, ar,.rl,„-,.,ul.,rili,. E,irlsorll„s<o. (Lad;- Cnlherlno.) 

ti From one daughter of Earl Rleliiird .ioiie.^ are sprang the Dnliea of I.eiuater— the Lady Eliaa Jonea ; and from nnotherare aprnog the Earla of t'oningabj-— the Lady Frances .lonoa. 

I See my lliatory of the .louea Family for die lives o( Bialiop Lewie Jones' very dialingoisbed aons. 


Drimlanb Ekctojo-, Jloher fjlihe, 
Beltnrhet, Ireland, 

Octoher ISth, 1S85, 

,,,,,. ... -.,,7/ c!"<l..I 

.tif^M loM f)tft ^n i mi; 

! '11)1 jiij^ijoj 'jH 

•■'■" ■'' •''•"[ 

. II .1 .. . , 

■Jilt ,>'/>ii(il. iio-fjll >4/;nioi(T iiKiiIv/ frun't 

Ti IIS fiiin II Mil 





I^OE:EI^T LiEiEOia:, 



M. II. Clakk, Printer --32 South Broadway. 



The following History of a famil_y numerous and 
prosperous beyond recount, will, I hope, prove acceptable 
to their descendants. These are now to be found in all 
classes of society, and many have forgotten all about 
their forefathers and have not even a tradition remain- 
ing. Nay, members of this family who still live as 
county families in Ireland have become so culpably 
careless that a few generations is tlie limit of their 

It will show the difficulty of the historian and 
genealogist, here at least, when it is stated that of 
George Lewis Jones, who w^as Bishop of this Diocese 
IT 74 — 1790, I could not gatlier a particle of informa- 
tion l)ut the meagre facts I have stated. 


The transmission of physical conformation and facial 
expression, as well as that of moral qnalities and defects, 
is an interesting study to the philosopher. In some 
families you can trace for centuries the same expression, 
features and color, often the same height and very often 
tlie same moral and intellectual qualities. As a general 
rule, the features of this wide-spread family, no matter 
whether rich or poor, gifted or ignorant, are marked 
by peculiar characteristics that, once seen and noted, 
cannot well be forgotten. Captain Jones, R. K., M. P. 
for Londonderry, whom I knew when a l)oy, now 
Kear Admiral Sir Lewis Tobias Jones, the Rev. Thomas 
J. Jones, of Armagh Diocese, whom I have known all 
my life, and Robert Jones, my neighbor, have the 
same class of feature, type of expression, and would at 
once be known from their height — the same — and their 
features, which are alike, to be of the same family. 
This applies to every man of the same stock whom I 
have known here. 

The Joneses of whom I have written were a bold 
and a gifted race — stern republicans, except one. They 
helped materially to change the fortunes of this 
country at a critical period. Hence the subsequent 


ignorance about tliem. Who would not like to trace 
the descendants of that heroic and simple-minded 
republican general, Michael Jones? But his very 
simplicity and republican spirit have served to cast 
an impenetrable cloud over his family. 

My opinions are my own; my facts I believe to 
be true; but no doubt I have made mistakes. Put 
the blame for the one against the praise for the 
other and I shall be content. 

Drumlane Eectoey, 

Beltnrbet, Ireland, 
IT Oct., 1885. 

^y 'x^J "V^-^ 




Jones, or ApJolm, was the name of one of the 
princely tribes of the Cinibri. They ruled as indepen - 
dent princes when Wales was free. This was the 
name of one of fifteen noble, or princely, houses of 
Wales. Their possessions were in North Wales, chief- 
ly in Denbigh,* Flint and Caernarvon. Some time after 
the conquest of Wales by Edward the First, King of 
England, a branch of this noble house settled in Lan- 
cashire. Here they lived for several generations, and 
in the time of Henry the Eighth Sir Roger Jones 
had possessions in Lancashire and was an Alderman of 
London. In 1541 a son was born to him at his 
Lancashire residence, whom he called Thomas.f 

* Arclidall. Burke's "Landed Gentry." 

f Mason's " History of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin." Thomas 
Jones, Archbishop, died in 1619, aged 78. See Cliapter VIII. for 
the Jones family before this time. 


Sir Itoger Jones steered quietly and steadily 
tlirongli tlie tronbles that arose so thickly about the 
latter part of King Henr3''s reign when Protestant 
and Roman Catholic were alike exposed to danger and 
death from the )-eligious uncertainty of the times. He 
e^^poused the side of the Eefoi-mers and sent his son 
Thomas, as soon as he was of proper years, to the 
University of Cambridge, entering him at Christ 
Church College. When he left the university of Cam- 
bridge, which he did with great credit and reputation, 
he came to Ireland, at that time the proper field for 
voung men of good family who desired to become 
eminent by the display of remarkable talents or great 
couracre. He was ordained soon after coming to that 
Kingdom and very shortly afterwards married a lady 
of reputation and virtue named Margaret Purdon, 
daughter of Adam Purdon, Esq., of Lurgan Race, in the 
county of Louth. She had been married to a gentle- 
man of family and position named John Douglas, who, 
dying soon after their marriage, left her a youthful 
and richly dowered widow.* She proved an admirable 
helpmate for him in his successful career and a good 
de<d of his prosperity must be attributed to her great 
wisdom and admirable quaUties. She died in 1595. 
The family of Purdon still exists as a county family in 

* Arch all. Masfni. 



By this marriage lie became brother-in-law to the 
celebrated Adam Loftiis, Archbishop of Armagh and 
Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral. The career of these 
remarkable men was so distinguished, their friendship 
for each other so great, and their prosperity so remark- 
able, that a few words may not be considered altogether 
out of place concerning Adam Loftus. 

Adam Loftus was born in 1531."' "He was the 
second son of Adam Loftus, of Swineshead, in the 
county of York, whose family did formerly possess 
consideral)le property as well in that as in other parts 
of England, and from them Adam received more than 
an ordinary allowance for his support and education at 
the University of Cambridge. Though a youuger son 
he inherited an estate situated about Lodington in 
Kent, which his grandson, Sir Adam Loftus, of Rath- 
farnham, sold for £3()00."t Loftus studied at Christ 
Church College — the same at which Thomas Jones 

* He died in 1605, aged 74. (Register of St. Patiicli's.) He was 
appointed Archbishop of Armagh 1562, aged 31. Strange that 
Doctor Brady, in his wall known History of Cork and its Diocese, 
should say tliat he was at that time only 28. not the canonical age. 
Roman Catholic historians have followed him an'^' so has Professor 
Killen, of Belfast, in his pompous, but uncritical History of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

f MSS. of Robert Ware, quoted by Mason. 


after-wards entered. 

Early in Queen Elizabeth'.s reign she paid a visit to 
Cambridge and was so nmeli struck witli tlie splendid 
personal appearance of yonng Loftns and the remarkable 
elcxpiencehe displayed in the perfoi-mance of a piil)lic 
act ill the University, that she promised to promote 
him, and shortly after he was ordained she appointed 
him one of her chaplains. 

Loftns obtained in 1557 the perpetnal vicarage of 
(iedne in the Diocese of Lincoln,* being then twenty- 
six years of age, and in Jnne, 1561, he came to Ireland 
as chaplain to the New Lord Lieutenant, the Earl of 
Sussex. In Octol)er, of the same year, he was present- 
ed by the Queen with the rectory of Painstown, Diocese 
of Meatli, and on the 20th of January, 1502, he was 
appointed by the Crown Archbishop of Armagh and 
Primate of all Irehmd. As the Primatial See was at 
that time poor and not a safe place of residence, from 
the vicinity of CrNeill, who was generally at war 
with the English, the Queen gave him also the Deanery 
of St. Patrick's, which at that time hap^iened to fall 
vacant. He held both till 1567, when he was appoint- 
ed Archl)ishop of Dublin, which, inferior in dignity 
to Armagh, was the more important in wealth and 
influence. He held the See of Dublin till 1605, when 

* Rvmer's Foedera, Vol. XV., P. 464. 


Thomas Joues succeeded liiiii. 

He was for a time Lord Cliaiicellor of Ireland also, 
and occasionally one of the Lord's justices (so the great 
men are named who govern the country when the Lord 
Lieutenant is absent, or when none is appointed ; but 
at that time the Lord's justices were permanent, under 
the Lord Deputy.) He accunmlated great wealth, and 
had a very numerous family, who all became rich and 
successful. His eldest son was eimobled by the title 
of Viscount Lisburn and Baron liathfarnham. The 
Mar(piis of Ely descends from Robert, eldest brother 
of the Archbishop, who came over to Ireland and was 
Lord Chancellor.'^ 

From his coming to Ireland till his death Adam 
Loftus was one of the ruling spirits of the age.f His 
great property was for the most part acquired by the 
phmder of the church over which he was appointed to 
rule, a crime of which most of the prelates of that time 
were equally guilty. He amassed a great estate for 
his eldest sou. Lord Rathfarnham. In 1691 his de- 
scendant, Adam Loftus, Viscount Lisburn and Baron 
Rathfarnham, was killed by a cannon ball at the siege 
of Limerick, as colonel of his regiment, while sitting 
in his tent. He was twice married. He left only one 

* Mason. Register of the Cathedral. 

\ See Haverty's "History of Ireland." Keid's and Killen's 
Histories of Presbvteriaii Church. 


dangliter, Lucia, who married Thomas, Lord Wharton, 
to whom slie brought the great estates of the family, 
which her son Philip, Duke of Wharton, sold in 1723 
for £62,000 to William Connolly, then speaker of the 
House of Connuons. The Duke died in France in 
1731 without issue.* These estates, bought by Con- 
nolly, passed to Lady Louisa Connolly, sister of the 
Duke of Kichmond, who had been married to the last 
Connolly and on whom they were settled. Failing 
issue they passed from her to her nephew, one of the 
Packenham (Lord Longford) family, who took the 
name of Connolly. f These Connollys, the richest 
commoners at one time in Ireland, have lost almost all 
their property, part of which, situated in Donegal, have 
been purchased by Mr. Musgrave, a successful iron- 
monger of Belfast. Thus estates acquired by unfair 
means and increased by the plunder of the church and 
afterwards by the plunder of Irish gentlemen who 
fought for their own independence did not prosper in 
any of the families who were directly concerned in the 
plunder or connected with them by marriage. They 
gradually melted away. 

Thomas Jones seems to have commenced a friend- 
ship with Loftus at Cambridge that, greatly strength- 

* Mason, as above — notps. 

f AJlingbam's History of Bally Shaimon, Buudoian, etc. 


euecl bj tlieir relationship, only ended with their lives. 

Jones worked in the Church of Ireland and occupied 
the dignilied and important position of Chancellor of 
St. Patrick's Cathedral when Dean Gerrard died in 
1581. G-errard had been a layman and was Lord 
Chancellor of Ireland. Thomas Jones was unanimous- 
ly elected Dean, which he held till 1581:, when he was 
appointed by the Crown to the bishoprick of Meath, 
the first and most important see in Ireland. lie had 
been recommended to the Queen by the Lord's justices 
— one of whom was his own brother-in-law, Arch1:)isliop 
Loftus — '"as a person for his bearing, wisdom and other 
virtuous fpialities lit to be advanced to a bishoprick."^' 
Jones lield the See of Meath from 1581 to 1605, when, 
upon the death of his brotlier-in-law, he was appointed 
by the Crown Archbishop of Dublin. 

Thomas Jones was, besides this, for a time Lord 
Chancellor of Ireland, one of the Priv^y Council and a 
Right Llonorable, and several times one of the Lord's 

" Mason, as above. Ware's "History of Irish Bishops." 

f Patent Rolls. Ware. Archdall. 






The Cathedral of St. Patrick, Dublin, of which 
both Loftus and Jones were Deans, deserves a passing 

It takes its name from the Apostle of Ireland, St. 
Patrick. He founded a religious house on the site" of 
a Druid temple and baptised the converts at a well 
long held famous and which, though now covered up 
and its site uncertain, is still mentioned in the traditions 
of the place. A church had existed on the spot for 
centuries when, in llOO, John Cronin, the first English 
Archbishop, obtained a bull from the Pope and built 
and founded the Cathedral.* Jocelin, a monk of 
Fnrners in Lancashire, now Barrow-in-Furness, brought 
over by Sir John De Courcy, Earl of Ulster, about 1185, 
who wrote the lives of many Irish saints, interspersed 
with many fables and miracles, says that at the prayer 

* Mason. Wliitelaw's Histoiy of Dublin. 


of St. Patrick a wondrous spring bnrst fortli at the 
place, ever after called St. Patrick's Well, and tliat it 
possessed the power of healing the diseases of those who 
washed in its waters. 

Hector Bocthins, an ancient Scottish writer, informs 
us that Gregory, King of Scotland, then called Albin, 
in an expedition to Ireland in 890 made a solemn pro- 
cession to this church and well. Lately in 1883, when 
the lioor was being sunk, that a new tiled iioor and 
proper heating apparatus might be laid, a fine spring 
of water burst forth which had to be conveyed from 
the cathedral at considerable cost. This was probably 
the ancient well of St. Patrick. Dublin was, however, 
in ancient times remarkable for the great number of 
lino springs it contained. These are now all covered 
over and all but forgotten. 

The Cathedral was anciently built without the walls 
of Dublin in a valley called the Coombe (cooni). 
The name is still applied to a street and district 
near the Cathedral. It is the most perfect specimen 
in the Kingdom of the early English gotliic style. 
Though partially restored from time to time, of 
late years it had been falling into decay, when 
a citizen of Dublin, Mr. Benjamin Lee Guinness, 
a great brewer, determined to restore it. A 
forsfather of his, Archbishop Marsh, had been 


a munificent Ijenefactor to the clmrch and had left 
property to found a Kbrary in connection with the 
Cathedral. This library still exists, though it has 
not realized the intentions of its generous founder, 
under the name of Marsh's Library. Mr. Guinness 
expended altogether above £200,000 on the restora- 
tion. Some time after the citizens of his native city 
returned him unanimously to Parliament and the 
Queen conferred a Baronetcy on him. 

Some time after his death his eldest son was ennobled 
by the title of Lord Ardilaun. His second son has 
lately been made a Baronet. His only daughter is 
married to Lord Pluuket, who, being in holy orders, 
is also Archbishop of Dublin. The Guinness family 
are very wealthy and seem to have had a great bless- 
ing since the restoration by their father of this 
venerable ecclesiastical structure. A statue of Sir 
Benjamin has been placed by the people beside the 
Cathedral. When Lord Ardilaun, after he became a 
peer, was giving up his share in the great brewery, his 
brother gave him a check for one million pounds ster- 
ling in paj-ment of his share. 

The length of the Cathedral is 300 feet. The 
breadth at the transepts 15 T and the width of the nave 
6Y feet. There were "monks' walks'" all round the 
building in the thickness of the walls, with protected 


openings tlirougli which the quiet perambulator could 
gaze down below. Some of these are built across, but 
there still remains a "monks' walk" running round a 
great part of the choir and one of the aisles. From a 
favored position in this monks' walk overlooking the 
choir and the whole length of the great nave, I beheld 
the gorgeous array of all that was fashionable and noble 
in the Kino-dom when the Prince of Wales was in- 
vested with the order of the Knighthood of St. Patrick. 
Then all the Knights, with their G-rand Master, in the 
gorgeous robes of their order, each with two esquires, 
who were generally their sons or near relatives, — the 
various members of the Court and diplomatic corps in 
dress blazing, with stars and resplendent in gold, — the 
magnificent and exquisitely beautiful dresses of the 
Peeresses and ladies of high position, who thronged 
the seats set apart for them, 

" Thick as leaves in Vallambrosa," 
blazing in jewels of the most costly and beautiful kind, 
and forming to the eye, looking from my favored 
vantage ground, beds of the most exquisite flowers the 
imagination could conceive, — all this formed a j^icture 
the memory will not easily forget, nor will the eye 
soon again behold. Most of the Royal family were 
present that day. 

Anciently the choir was covered with a cmious 


stone roof, painted an azure blue and inlaid with 
stars of gold. There were more than a hundred 
windows. The vaults and aisles were supported l)y 
forty gi'eat pillars, distant from each other eleven feet 
and joined above by gothic arch lines. 

The exterior wall was supported on the north side 
by four buttresses, wdth demiarches, and by five on the 
south. These have all been renewed. The pillars are 
faced with Caen stone. The high and imposing steeple 
has been renewed and a ball and cross put on it. The 
ancient fine peal of bells has been perfected and a great 
clock has been placed in the tower that, at every three 
hours, plays a beautiful selection of hymn tunes, 
ending with God Save the Queen. The effect of these 
tunes, when heard by a stranger for the first time, is as 
surprising as it is beautiful. The view through some 
parts of the interior seems like that tlu'ough a grove of 
beautiful white pillars. 

There were several churches erected T\'ithin the 
Cathedral in ancient times, that is, portions of side 
aisles or transepts were closed off by walls, and in these 
divine service was carried on by other congregations. 
The south aisle was formerly called St. Paul's Chapel. 
Another portion of the south transept was called St. 
Stephen's Chapel. St. Mary's Chapel, ^vliich is east 
of the choir, now called The Lady Chapel, and used 


for tlie Arcliiepiscopal Tisitation, as well as that of the 
Dean, was used by the French Protestants as a place 
of worship from 1663 till 1S15. The Dean Chapter, 
with the advice and consent of the Ar«libishop, gave it 
to them on the 23rd of December, 1663. It was opened 
solemnly for public worship in 1666, the Lord 
Lieutenant being in attendance with his court, and tlie 
the Archbishop pronouncing the benediction. The 
Revocation of the Edict of Nantes and the persecution 
of the Protestants drove many to Dublin and other 
parts of Ireland, and in every place facilities were 
willingly given them for worship. Many of these 
French refugees were members of noble families, and 
several of our nobility are descended from these men 
who fled from their own land for conscience' sake. 

Another chapel, called St. Nicholas, without the 
walls, occupied the greater part of the north transept. 
Here the parishioners of the parish of St. Nicholas, with- 
out, had their place of worship till the Cathedral was 

There was another church called St. Nicholas with- 
in, that is, within the ancient walls of Dublin. This 
is now only remarkable for a chantry, called the 
Chantry of St. Mary's, in the Parish of St, Nicholas 
within the walls. It was the only chantry existing in 
the empire, for all others were swept away at the Ref- 


orniation. At that time, however, tliis one escaped, 
as it did the sharp eyes of the ecclesiastical coininissioners 
in 1832, when so many church endowments were swept 
away. This chajitry was founded in 1470 in tlte reign 
of Edward the Fourth, by the Earl of Worcester and 
his wife, Sir Edward Dudley and his wife and some 
other knights with their ladies as a chantry for ever, 
where a priest should sing masses for the souls of the 
founders and the faithful deceased. Its reveniies 
remained untouched, and the priest was always elected 
by the Protestant Church wardens of the Pansh of St. 
Nicholas.* The last incumbent, named Tresham Gregg, 
D. D., was a singular, and in early life, a clever, violent 
man. Of course he had no duties to do and was only 
required to receive the very good annual income. For 
many years before his death he believed he had found 
out the secret of living forever, by some mystical mean- 
ing hidden in a text in the Song of Solomon in the 
Hebrew Bible. He lived to a ripe old age, but had at 
last to succumb to the great conqueror. He died last 
year and the chantry has been abolished and its reven- 
ues seized by the Crown. 

The Dean of this Cathedral held a position of great 
power and influence. He ranked as a minor bishop. 
He was frequently Lord Chancellor, often one of the 

* See Lord Chancellor Ball's observations on this in the Report 
of Ecc. Com. of 1866. 


Lord's justices. He had a vast amount of patronage 
in his gift. He was head of a great ecclesiastical cor- 
poration of six dignitaries and twentj-two prebends, 
the head of a corporation of minor canons. There 
was also a corporation of Yicar's choral, subject to him 
alone, with twenty-four chanting or singing boys, 
organist, verger, sexton, and all the numerous assistants 
necessary in such a great establishment. The Cathedral 
was a great school for music. All the Yicar's choral 
were musicians; most of them followed it as a sole 

The Precincts of the Cathedral formed a place of 
refuge in ancient times, within which any criminal, 
no matter whence he came or from whom he fled, 
was safe. 

The Dean held a court of his own, where minor 
offences were tried and adjudicated on by his repre- 
sentative. He had also a market of his own, with the 
right of taxing all commodities brought to it. He also 
held an ecclesiastical court and was sole judge therein. 

The dignitaries and prebends had richly endowed 
parishes. They lived in turn at the Cathedral, and 
performed service.* To support the whole there 
were vast estates in Dublin and its vicinity and through- 
out the country, given at successive times by the piety 

* Mason. 


of various benefactors. One of the Prebends, that of 
Swords near Dnl)Hn, was so rich tliat it was called the 
Golden Prebend, and was, in former times, usually con- 
ferred by the Pope on some Italian relative, who per- 
formed the service by deputy,* Even after the livings 
and bishopricks had been so much cut down in 1832, 
one may estimate the wealth of the whole establish- 
ment by the fact that the Vicar's choral had £250 a 
year each, for singing on Sunday and thrice a week in 
the Cathedral. 

This short sketch of this celcl)rated Cathedral would 
be incomplete without noticing the University in con- 
nection with it. In 1301) Archbishop John Leech 
founded a nniversity in the Cathedral. lie procured 
a l)idl from Pope Clement the Fifth* and bestowed 
some endowments on it. This was among the iirst 
efforts of the English to restore learning in Ireland. 
In ancient times the country had been famed through- 
out the world for her learning, and her schools and 
learned men were as numerous as they were distinguish- 
ed. The troubles consequent on the coming of the 
English had been veiy injurious to learning in that 
part of Ireland under the English rule, called the Pale, 
for in those parts where the people maintained their 

* Mason. 

f See a copy of this Bull in Alan's Register, and in Mason. 


independence, as in the North, schools and learning 
flonrished till a mnch later period. The University, 
founded by John Leech, lingered for ages ; its revenues 
were filched from it, and though the Bull granting the 
charter was never annulled, and the powers of a 
university were always latent in its Head, it almost 
ceased to exist, and, there being no revenues to excite 
the cupidity of the Government, it totally escaped 
public notice. It afterwards became the Diocesan 
College for the Diocese of Dublin, after Queen 
Elizabeth founded Trinity College. It was, however, 
by centuries, the oldest university or college in 
Ireland, and for many years after the foundation of 
the Dublin IJniversity. There was an acknowledge- 
ment of the fact by the Provost and fellows being re- 
quired to have their commencements in the Cathedral. 
The writer of this notice was the last Head Master of 
this ancient college— a singular coincidence that it 
should be founded and cease to exist under men of the 
same name. It exists under another form now, with 
all its ancient privileges and powers lost. 

The Reverend John Jones, D. D., a descendant of 
Archbishop Thomas Jones, was one of my predecessors 
as Master of this College. In 1700 the Dean and Chapter 
of the Cathedral granted him the ancient church of 
Saint Michael Delia Pole, in Ship Street near the 


Castle, for a college.* Many of my predecessors were 
eminent men and not a few attained the dignity of 

* Cathedral Register of Minutes. Mason. 




When Jones became Archbishop of Dublin the 
conntiy had been linally snbdned, and the native 
princes and chieftains, headed by the great Hngh 
O'Neill, had submitted to their conquerors. Shortly 
afterwards, by the flight of the Earls and their sub- 
sequent attainder and that of their friends, almost the 
whole of Ulster was confiscated to the Crown, James 
the First, by the plantation of Ulster, divided the 
greater part of these lands among English and Scotch 
settlers. By this celebrated scheme all who had been 
distinguished in the wars, every gentleman who had 
interest or wealth or inclination, got an estate, provided 
he built a castle or fortified j-esidence, and settled 
Scotch or English colonists upon the lands. A few 
of the most eminent men in the Kingdom were, in 
1610, appointed commissioners for settling the confis- 
cated lands, and Archbishop Jones was one of these.'^ 

Roger Jones, the eldest son, obtained an estate of 

f Patent Rolls. 


Ardamine, near Ferns, in Connty Wexford, (17 James I.) 
His fatlier had ni&iin while acqnired a large ]")roperty 
for him in Dn])lin and it? vicinity. He was Knighted 
and afterwards ennohled l)y the title of Viscount 
Kanelagh. He was created Baron Navan in the Connty 
of Meath, and Viscount Eanelagh, but he was better 
known as Viscount Ranelagh. He was made Lord 
President of Connaught, where he and his relations 
acquired more property. He was married to Frances 
Moore, daughter of Gerald Moore, Viscount Drogheda.* 
This title is now Marquis of Drogheda. 

The Moores, Marquises of Drogheda, are descended 
from Irish princes who lived and reigned in Ireland 
for more than a thousand years before the Christian 
Era. Their immediate forefather was Connell Kearney, 
who was killed in attempting, during flight, to cross 
the river at a ford, ever after called Bel a Connell, now 
Ballyconnell or Conneirs Foi'd, a beautiful village 
lying at the foot of a range of mountains in Western 
Cavan, His son settled in what was afterwards Queen's 
County,t and the race, under tlie name of O'More, were 
among the boldest defenders of their country's inde- 
pendence. An attempt was made during the wars to 
destroy the whole race of the O'Mores. Colonel 

* Cathedral Rrgister. Mason. 

f Irisli Annals and Joyce's "Names of Places." 


Cosby enlisted all the leading men of the tribe, to the 
number of 400, to a feast and conference at Mnllagh- 
niast, and treacherously murdered them, with the ex- 
ception of one leader who fled in time. "Rory O'More," 
of the well known song, was a real personage and a 
member of this family.* 

Arthur Jones, son of Viscount Eanelagh, succeeded 
to the title on the death of his father in IG-i-l. He 
was also Lord President of Connaught, and, during 
the wars that followed tlie rebellion of IG-il, and the 
wars between the King and Parliament, proved an 
able and an intrepid commander. Again and again 
he routed the Irish armies and was the terror of his 
foes. His daughter, Lady Catherine,f married first 
the Right Honorable Sir William Parsons, Knight 
and Baronet, grandson and heir to the Right Honor- 
able Sir William Parsons, Baronet, Lord Justice in the 
time of James the First and his son, Charles the First. 
Lady Catherine's two eldest sons died before her ; the 
third, Richard, was afterward created Earl of Rosse. 
This family. Parsons, Earls of Rosse, have been very 
remarkable for force and energy of character, and 
during the past generations have been remarkably 
distinguished for scientific research. The. family of 

* Haverty, Magee, Wright, frc. 

f Register of Burials in St. Patrick's Cathedral. Mason. 


Rosse are allied by marriage with many of the noblest 
houses in the land, and so the blood of Jones has 
spread through much of tlie nobility by their alliance 
w'th this family. The Lord Rosse died in 1058, and 
Lady Catherine, being young, handsome and well 
dowered, married Hugh Montgomery, Lord Yiscount 
Alexander. This title became extinct in 1757, though 
there are many great families of the name Montgomery 
from the same stock still in Ireland. 

Lady Catherine Mount Alexander left £60 a year 
forever to a school in Donaghadee.* The head of 
the Rosse family is Sir Lawrence Parsons, Baronet, 
Baron of Oxmantown, Viscount and Earl of Bosse, 
near Cassandra, only child of Lord Hawk, Resi 
dence. Birr Castle, Parsonstown, Ireland, and Heaton 
Hall, Bradford, England. Yiscount Ranelagh left an 
estate to found a school in Roscommon and another 
at Athlone, which was b}'- act of Parliament vested in 
the incorporated society. Part of this Ranelagh estate 
was situated near Athlone, and the rental of this 
Ranelagh bequest in 18()7 was £1,748, 2s., 6d. a year.f 

Another son of the Archbishop's was the Right 
Honorable Sir "William Jones, Privy Counsellor, Lord 
Chief Justice and Lord Chancellor of Ireland. He is 
-* Endowed Scliools Commission, 1854. 

"I Endowed Scliools Commission, 1854. 


named in 1622 with a few others by James the First 
as special commissioner for settling the Kingdom.* 

His son Jolm, who, it would seem, inlierited the 
English property of the family, and had resided there 
during the commencement of the Parliamentary 
troubles, married Margaret, granddaughter of Sir 
Oliver Cromwell, of Hinchinbroke, sister of Oliver 
Cromwell the Protector.f John Hawtry Jones, Esq., 
of Mullinabro, County Kilkenny and AVexford, is 
head of this family now. 

Another son of the Archbishop's was Pichard Jones, 
on whom was bestowed in 1615, through the father's 
influence, the prebendary of Swords, called the Golden 
Prebend. He had this till 1612 when he died. In 
1625 he was also made Dean of Waterford, which was 
afterwards changed to the Deanery of Elphin. From 
him are descended the Joneses of Sligo.:}: 

A fourth son was Robert, who became a Fellow of 
Trinity College and in 1615 obtained in addition the 
Precentorship of the Diocese of Emly. In 1620 he 
obtained several parishes in Cork, and while retaining 
all these emoluments he in 162S obtained the parish 

* Patent Rolls, See Liber Munerum. 
f Burke's "County Families." 

X Rear Admiral Sir Lewis Tobias Jones, of Farcliam. Hants 
was son of Captain Lewis Jones, of County Sligo, 1884. 


of Kilconnell in County Donegal.* 

A fifth sou, Ellis Jonas, is, by tho Patent Rolls in 
1604, to succeed, when the then occupant of the sinecure 
would die, as Provost Marshal of the Province of 

A sixth son, Baptist Jones, beside other property, 
got a large estate of the confiscated lands in County 
Derry. He held it at a low rent from a London 
company, and is the ancestor of the Jones family of 
County Derry.:}: 

Another son, Joseph Jones, got the estate of Tnlly- 
cullin, in the Barony of Clonmahon, near Cavan.§ 
Tlie Archbishop had a daughter, Margaret, named after 
her mother, who was married to Gilbert Domville.|| 
His son was Sir William Domville, Baronet, Attorney 
General, and inherited large property, in great part 
procured for him by the Archbishop. A great deal of 
it lay near the Cathedral, and on it he built a castle in 
which the family resided for many years. On this 
property now are the streets of St, Peter's, Peter's Row 
and many others. He had valuable property at Santry 
in County Dublin, originally belonging to the Church. 

* Tn'iity College Calendar. .Patent Rolls. 

f See also Liber Munerum. 

X Pynnar's Survey, 1618. 

§ Plantation of Ulster, in Pynnar's Survey. 

II Mabon. Cathedral Kec;)rds. 


The family of Sir William Domville, Bai'onet, is now 
represented by Sir James Graham Domville, Baronet. 
He has large estates in County Tyrone and in County 
Longford. His present residences are: 1, Bruntath 
House, Bournemouth, England; 2, Albemarle Street, 
London, W. ; 3, Acqua Santo, Palermo, Sicily ; 4, 
AthensBum Club, London, S. W. The family is allied 
to many eminent families through the Empire. 

Another son, and by far the most important, from 
the conspicuous part played by his children during that 
troubled time of IG-il — 1660 in Ireland, was Lewis 
Jones. Though placed last, he is, perhaps, the second 
in age, but, except his eldest brother, he is the most 
remarkable. .The life of tliis man, with the exploits 
of his sons, may well be left to another chapter. 



THERE (chiefly FROM MASON.) 

In 1679 Thomas Jones, then Chancellor, obtained a 
place for a vault in the Cathedral. A deed purport- 
ing to be a renewal of a former grant is to be found 
in a book of Chapter Minutes. This deed is dated 28tli 
January, 1579, and describes this burying place as 
situated between the rails of the altar and the Lord 
Lieutenant's seat. It was granted upon consideration 
of paying £3 for each interment beside the usual fees. 
On the north side of the choir, near the balusters of the 
altar and close to the family vault, is the monument 
of Archbishop Jones. This monument was repaired 
in 1729 at the expense of Lady Catherine Jones, to 
wdiom Dean Swift made aj^plication when he set about 
restoring those interesting memorials. Her polite 
answer to his letter is published in the last edition of 
Swift's works— (Vol. XVIL, page 280.) 

This monument is large and imposing, and, next to 


tliat of the great Earl of Cork, is the most conspicuous 
in the Cathedral. It is built in stories. The first, which 
is the highest, rises on black marble pillars which 
support the second and between which rejjose the 
principal figure, that of the Archbishop, recumbent, 
around which are others praying. The second story 
contains one figure in a niche, in an attitude of prayer, 
and al)ove that are the arms of the Archbishop. The 
monument is of a great height and finished with all the 
taste and profusion of ornament of that time, and must 
have formed a very prominent object from the time 
of its construction. Its cost must have been very 
great. Another monument was erected to the family 
of Viscount Ranelagh, who had also a separate vault of 
their own. 

Though the Archbishop enriched his family from 
the valual)le livings he had it in his power to give, and 
the valuable leases he obtained for them, he was a 
strenuous defender of the liberties of the Cathedral 
and an upholder of its rights against all. This may 
account for the Deans and Chapter allowing him 
and his family so many privileges. 

In this family vault are deposited the remains of 
several persons of the Jones family and their near 
friends. Of these the following are to be noticed : 

1620 — Frances, first wife of Sir Roger Jones, eldest 


son to tlie Arclibisliop and ViBCOunt Kaiielagli. Slie 
was daughter of Gerald Moore, the first Viscount 
Drogheda ; died 23rd November, and was buried in this 
vault, as we are informed by ArchdalFs "Peerage," 
Vol. IV., page 302. 

1644 — Viscount Rauelagh, buried 21st January, 
(Cathedral MSS. and Archdall— Vol. IV., page 302.) 

1658 — Sir "VVilHam Parsons, Knight and Baronet ; 
died on the 31st December ; was buried on the 2()th 
January, in a very smnptuous manner. He was grand- 
son and heir of Sir William Parsons, Lord JiLstice, 
He was married to Catherine, eldest daughter of 
Viscount Ranelagh. His eldest son, Ranelagh Parsons, 
was buried here 27th March, 1656. His second son 
"William on the 4th of AugiLst, 1658. His third sou, 
Pichard, was afterwards created Lord Posse. (Lodge's 

1660 — Lady Bridget Parsons, buried 2(lth of July. 

1669 — Arthur, Second Viscount Ranelagh, Imricd 
14th of January. (Archdall's Peerage, Vol. IV., page 

1675 — Cathei-ine Jones, daughter of Arthur, Second 
Viscount Ranelagh, buried 10th of October. She was 
married first to Sir William Parsons, above mentioned, 
and secondly to Hugh Montgomery, Earl Mount Alex- 
ander. This latter title became extinct in 1757. 


1709 — Tlio Honorable George Parsons, second son 
of the Earl of Rosse, buried 21st of Marcli. 

1 730 — Fj-ances, Dncliess of T vrconnell. She is called 
Countess in the Register, but James the Second con- 
ferred a dukedom u])on her husband, the celebrated 
Richard Talbot. Slie was buried on the 9th of March. 

Tyrconnell, whatever were his fanlts, had the rare 
merit of sincere attachment to an unfortunate master. 
Tie was Lord Lieutenant when James the Second had 
to abdicate. This ladj, his widow, was the eldest 
daughter and co-heiress of Richard Jennings, of 
Sandridge, in Hertfordshire, and sister to Sarah, first 
duchess of Marlborough. She was the Miss Jennings 
the qualities of whose mind and i)erson are so much 
extolled by Count Grammont in his Memoirs. "She 
bad the fairest and brightest complexion that ever was 
seen — her hair a most beauteous flaxen, her counte- 
nance extremely animated, though generally persons 
so exquisitely fair have an insipidity^ Her w^hole 
person was fine, particularly her neck and bosom. The 
charms of her person and the unaffected sprightliness 
of her wit gained her the general admiration of the 
whole court. In these fascinating qualities she had 
there other competitors, but scarcely one, except one 
— except Miss Jennings — maintained throughout the 
character of unblemished chastity." 


Ilcr first luisband was George, Count Ilaniiiton, son 
of tlie Fourth Earl of Abercorn, Colonel of an Irish 
regiment in the service of the French, antl. "Marechal 
(lu Camp.'" lie was killed at Avignon in ir)()7. By 
him she had three daughters — the eldest, Elizabeth, 
married to Kichard, Yiscount Ross ; the second, 
Frances, to Henry, the eighth Viscount Dillon, who 
commanded a regiment of foot in King James's army 
in Ireland, and represented the County Westmeath in 
the Parliament convened by that King at Dublin ; 
the third, Mary, to Viscount Kingsland. 

The Duchess of Tyrconnell, after her husband's 
decease, continued to adhere strictly to the Roman 
Catholic religion. She returned to England in 1705, 
but soon after returned to Dublin, where she founded 
a nunnery for poor clares in King Street. Mr. Isaac 
Butler in his MS. quoted by Mason, stiites that she 
was 92 when she died. Her portrait, when IVEiss 
Jennings, was engraved by Tomkius for Count 
Grammont's Memoirs from an original picture by 
Verelst. She died at Arbour Hill, March 6th, 1730. 
(Carson's Weekly Journal.) 

1711 — Richard, Earl of Rosse, buried 28th of 
August. (Register.) This Richard was the first Earl 
and second Viscount. It is said by Lodge that he was 
buried in St. Anne's. (Peerage, Vol. IL, page 76.) 


1TC4 — Richard, Earl of Rosse, buried 29tli of 
August. (Register.) 

1797 — Yiscount Ranelagli, buried 23rd of April. 

1812 — Viscountess Ranelagb, buried 3rd of January. 





Lewis Jones, the second son of Archbishop Thomas 
Jones, was appointed hy the Crown Dean of Ardagh 
in 1606, tuid in 1608'^ he received also the Parish of 
KilbLa, in Meath, from the Crown. He held botli of 
these livings, each of which was very valuable. It 
may be remarked that in noting the benefices to which 
any of the family were appointed, those only that 
were presented by the Crown are mentioned, while at 
the same time Lewis Jones and others might have as 
many other livings from the bishop. These are not 
mentioned, for, while the Patent Rolls are in Dublin 
Castle, under the care of officials, and accessible to all, 
tlie Registers of episcopal appointments to parishes 
are hard to get, and are in most cases lost. 

It is probable, therefore, that LcAvis Jones had other 
livings, obtained from his father, in addition to those 

* Patent Rolls. 


mentioned. Lewis Jones was bishop of Killaloe, lived 
to an advanced age and had four sons^ Henry, 
Theophihis, Ambrose and Michael.* He retained the 
Deaneiy of Ardagh till 1025, when he resigned it, and 
his son Henry, who had taken holy orders, succeeded 
him. He was bishop of Killaloe till his death in IGiG.f 

A great deal of liistorical confusion has arisen in 
connection with Lems Jones and his family. Sir 
James Ware, perhaps the most valuable authority we 
have on Irish history and antiquities, was generally 
supposed to be infallible. His translator and editor, 
Harris, who lived and wrote in the middle of the last 
century, has contributed a good deal of valuable 
matter to the history of his country. Harris has 
frequently added matter of his own, and this is not 
always correct. Since the time of Ware, now twoi 
centunes, a flood of light has been thrown on histori- 
cal matters at that time considered dark. National 
archives and private collections have yielded up 
their treasures. Harris has been found to be a careful, 
l)ut at times, inaccurate editor, while Ware has fallen 
from his throne, and must yield to the more perfect 
and accurate researches of modern historians. 

The celebrated Dr. Todd — whose copy of Ware, 

* Harris's Ware. Clogy's Memoir, p. 50. ^ 

t Patent Rolls. 


witli copious critical notes by liimself , was, at his death, 
sold for £400 — a greater scholar and a better Irish 
scholar than Ware, says in his life of St. Patrick, 
"Ware has attempted an absurd and impossible thing 
in G;iving the regular succession in the sees of the 
ancient Irish bishops, as, often, they had no snccessoi-s." 
(Todd's life of St. Patrick, page 21, Note.) Ware makes 
Lewis Jones bishop of Killaloe from 1033 to IGifi, and 
states that he was Dean of Cashel previously, while 
Harris adds that he lived to the age of 104, giving the 
names of his four sons, Henry, Theophilus, Ambrose and 
Michael, stating also that the printers of his edition of 
Ware in 1739 were three ladies descended from one 
of these brothers, Sir Theophilus Jones. 

Clogy, minister of Cavan, who married the step- 
daughter of Bishop Bedell, and wrote his life, was 
contempoi-ary with the brothers Jones, and mentions 
two of them with whom he was familiarly acquainted, 
Henry, Dean of Kilmore, and Michael, afterwards the 
distinguished Parliamentary general. He tells us they 
married two ladies of County Cavan, and he states they 
were sons of the Bishop of Kilala. (Clogy's life, 
page 50.) 

Now, Clogy mistakes Kilala for Killaloe, speaking 
even of contemporary events and persons, and indeed 
makes nianj^ other mistakes in his yet valuable work. 



Harris, wlio lived more than a bimdred years after 
Clogy, adds that this Jones, Bishop of Killaloe, hved 
to the age of 104, tliongh where lie obtained the in 
formation he does not say ; and he states this with the 
dates of 1633 before his eyes as the appointment to 
Killaloe, and 1046 as the time of his death — ^that is, 
appointing a man a bishop of a Diocese when he was 
91 years of age! — and if this Lewis is the same whom 
Harris makes Dean of Cashel, he was made Dean of 
Cashel and attained three other livings from the Crown 
when he was 87 years of age. I need not go further 
in pointing out the absurdity of all this. 

The mistake of Ware has arisen from not knowing 
that there were two men named Lewis Jones in the 
Church,and for some time contemporaries — Lewis Jones 
a nephew in all probability of Archbishop Jones,* who, 
when his uncle Thomas succeeded so well in Ireland, 
came over also to push his fortune, like Robert Loftns, 
the eldest brother of the Archbishop Loftus, wlio 
came over after his brother and founded the Ely family; 
and Lewis Jones a son of the Archbishop's, who obtain- 
ed the Deanery of Ardagh in 1006, the year after his 
father, who was then (55, became Archbishop of 

Ware's mistake is a small one; others with his 

* Lewis Jones, Dean of Cashel, might have been a grandson of 
the Archbishop. 


lio-iires Lcfore tlieir eyes luive made it greater — mak- 
ing a man bisliop over an extensive Diocese M'lien 91 ! 
and receiving a Deanery and three parishes wlien 87! 
and of whom, bsf ore tluit time, no mention is made. 
Vi 1", supposing even that Lewis, Dean of Ardagh, was 
the same with Lewis Jones, Dean of Casliel, he 
resigns his Deanery to his son and lives witliout 
clerical preferment for four years, 1025 to 1029, when 
he obtains the Deanery of Casliel at the age of 57 — - 
an improbable supposition. 

When the celebrated William Bedell was appointed 
bishop of Kilmore and Ardagh in 1020, he w\as 
anxious, in his efforts to reform his church and Diocese, 
that each clergyman should luive only one parish and 
should reside therein. He encountered a good deal 
of difficulty in this matter, and was only partially 
successful. A clergyman named Johnson had a 
parish in Kilmore, but never resided in it, as he was a 
great architect and engineer and built the castles for 
Strafford, the Lord Lieutenant in County Wicklow, 
where he generally resided. Faithful Tate, the Rector 
of Drumlane, was another pluralist, for he had the 
Parishes of Castleterra, Drung and Larah at the same 
time. Between him and Bedell, whose palace was near 
him, there existed a strong friendship and esteem, for 
Bedell placed his son William in Drundane nnder 


Mr. Tate, during the year of his cliaconate. 

Bisliop Bedell, however, in order to give the greater 
public emphasis to a principle so sound in church life, 
heroically gave up his See of Ardagli to Dr. Richard- 
son, separating it from Kilmore.* The Dean of 
Kilmore at that time was Dr. Bernard. He had 
several parishes, but resided in neither of them, as he 
was private chaplain to Primate Usher, and usually 
lived with him at Drogheda. Feeling the awkward- 
ness of his position, having a real esteem for Bedell, 
and being unwilling to quarrel openly with him, he 
exchanged in 1637 with Henry Jones, and so Jones 
became Dean of Kilmore four years before the great 
rebellion. f 

Shortly after Dr. Henry Jones became Dean of 
Kilmore he ma^.'ried the daughter of Sir Hugh Cullum, 
who lived in the neighborhood, at Lisnamaine near 
Belturbet, and about the same time his younger 
brother Michael married her mother.;}; 

The Cullums — anciently written Culma, and in 
modern times Collum — were descended from an ancient 
and honorable family in Molland, in Devonshire. 
Their father had been a distinguished captain in 
Queen Elizabeth's wars, and after the subjection of 
* Clogy. Bedell's MS. Life of Bedell by Bisliop Burnet. 

f Clogy's Memoir. 

X Clogy, p. 50. 


the Kingdom* had lieeii made governor of Clough 
oughter Castle, near Cavan, on an island in the Erne, 
tmd enjoyed the large estate and pay set apart for its 
inamtenance. His sou, Sir Arthur Culhim, now held 
the place for the King. Six brothers are mentioned : 
Benjamin, who became Dean of St. Patrick's and who 
had estates in Cavan; Sir Hugh, Sir Arthur, Richard, 
Lewis, and Philip. The family are still in existence 
in Ireland, in opulence and respect. 

Henry Jones was of an active and enterprising 
character, and known to the Government as a clever 
and an able man. We find on the lOth of June, 1039, 
a commission directed to Hem*y Jones, Dean of 
Kilmore, to enquire (among other things) into matters 
relating to the Protestant leases in Ireland ; another 
commission directed to him on the 23rd of December, 
1639; and a like on the ISth of Januar3% 1690.t 

Cavan at that time is descril)ed by Clogy as "the 
Garden of the Lord." His MS., from the Harleian 
Collection in the British Museum, has lately been 
jirinted for the first time. That, and a MS. of Bedell's 
son, William, in the Bodleian Collection at Oxford, 
lately published, tlirow a valual)le light on those times. 
At that time Cavan afforded the l)est society to be 

* See Memoir of Dean CuUuni in Mason, and his will in notes, 
f See Patent Rolls. Wliitelaw's History of Uablin.Vol. I , p. 151. 


found outside tlie Capitol. 

Wlietlier Dean Jones obtained property in Belturbet 
and its vicinity by bis wife, or, which is more probable, 
he obtained it in consequence of the commissions 
with which, by royal authority, he was entrusted, he 
became the owner of very considerable property in 
that neighborhood while still Dean of Kilmore. He 
had built a castle on a beautiful island in upper Lough 
Erne before 1645, when he was appointed by the 
Cro'UTi bishop of Clogher, in which See this island 
is situated. He is styled Henry Jones, D. D., of 
Inischirche (Inishirk) Castle, on his appointment as 
bishop of Clogher. (See Patent Kolls and see Liber 

O'Reilly, Prince of Cavan, descended from tlie 
monarchs of Ireland, had for generations ruled his 
principality with wisdom and equity. He had so 
managed that few hostile incursions had ever devastat- 
ed that beautiful valley, and so, at the conclusion of 
tliose terrible and devastating wars that towards the 
end of Queen Elizabeth's reign had reduced the greater 
part of Ireland to a desert, Cavan was almost the only 
spot that presented to the eye that prosperity and great 
natural beauty for which the whole land had been so 

The Cavan, or the Hollow, the ancient name applied 


to one i^art of the country, was anciently called 
Breflt'iij — latterly, East Bref hiy. The O'Keillys became 
masters of this fertile vale al)out the time of the 
English Invasion in llTi, comijig from the more 
western parts. 13y the helj) of the O'Sheridans, a 
noble and a gifted race, the O'Reillys expelled O'Rorke 
beyond the mountains of Western Cavan, into Leitrim, 
or West Breifny, Oscar O'Sheridan of that day marry- 
ing the daughter of O'Rorke, and by the treaty con- 
cluding the war, ruling over the western part of 
Cavan, from the river Erne, subject to O'Reilly as 
Lord Paramount. The Cavan proper, that is, that 
part of County Cavan forming a valley, surrounded 
by mountains of considerable elevation and bisected 
by the river Erne, that with majestic course Hows 
through woods of great beauty and meads of eternal 
green, is one of the most extensive valleys in Ireland. 
It is saucer-shaped, surrounded on all sides by moun- 
tains, beautitied by hundreds of charming lakes, and 
the monotony of a dead level i-elieved by the great 
number of gently swelling hills of no great elevation, 
fertile to their summit, that form such a peculiar 
feature in this lovely county. On almost all of these 
bills, and they are very nimierous, there is a round 
earthen fort, the inside of which, green as emerald, 
forms a sort of gai'deu, and the remains of the deep 


nioat are still seen. These enclosures formed tlie Lios 
(Lis), or fort, in wliich the chieftain resided, and to 
which his people flocked in time of danger. It was 
surrounded by the wide, deep moat, full of water from 
a spring in the fort. Then, in the numerous lakes, 
there were formed cranoges, that is, dwellings on 
artificial islands, where the people resided and to which 
all boats were drawn at night. These cranoges, or 
artiiicial habitable islets, form a great peculiarity of 
the river Erne. 

All through this lovely valley there were objects 
of interest that carried the mind back to times and 
persons long past away. There was Slanore, where a 
church was founded before the time of Columbkille, 
about 490, on a green, fertile slope, overlooking the 
Erne, a little distance from where I write ; and here a 
seat of learning was kept up that did not die out until 
the time of Elizabeth. 

There was Trinity Island, in Loughoughter — a lovely 
island, on which Clarus Mac Mailin, archdeacon of 
Elpliin, founded an abbey in 1251, the ruins of which 
still remain, with the church of the abbey in good 

Cloughoughter castle, still nearer, rises in its lone 
loveliness, venerable by time and marred by war. 
Built by the O'Sheridans, shortly after their coming 


to tliis valley, it formed in those days an iinpre£:^iiable 
stroMf^liold, dominating the whole country by its 

Nearer to my own residence lies Drundane, where 

Round tower and tlie ruined fane 
Tlieir mystic shadows cast, 

carrying ns back almost to the world's l)irth time — 
the Round Tower founded probably before the time 
of Moses, and the old Abbey in 502 by the Prince- 

Then, a little beyond, is the "Relic," in Kildallon, 
where repose the ashes of all that is great in Irish 
story, both before and after Christ, — where the monu- 
mental urn and the marl)le pillar, l)y their number and 
the great skill of their construction, attested the lofty 
station and great power of the Kings and Chieftains 
who slept below. Now it is dwindled to a small 
enclosed graveyard, whose name alone, unintelligible 
to the common people, attests its former greatness. 
The history of the "Relic na Ree," or "burying 
place of the Kings," has been translated from an 
ancient Irish poem by a great poet. 

There is the church founded by Dalian, the great 
musician and poet of the time of Columbkill, whose 
poem in praise of the Dove of the Churches should 
be known by all. All around, too, are traces of a 


world that lias perislied — a world in wliicli the druid, 
with his mystic faith and his magic, his secret arts and 
acquaintance with spirits, his deep religious nature 
and his great learning, formed the chief feature, 

Near the middle of this valley Dean Henry Jones 
had his residence, on the lovely green hill now called 
Danesfort. Though one of the boldest and most 
elevated of the many swelling hills that form a dis- 
tinctive feature of this valley, it is also one of the most 
fertile, and even in midwinter refreshes the eye with 
the richness of its vegetation. This valley now reposes 
in deathlike beauty. The land has been parcelled and 
bought out again and again . by lords and nobles, and 
rackrented until the very cry of the peasant has risen 
up to Grod. The value of the wheat in the United 
States is calculated at £l,12s.,6d. per acre for the year 
1885. The peasants or farmers had lately to pay far 
more than that per acre to the landlord, and find out a 
living for themselves afterwards. ]!*^owhere have 
fewer facilities of education been afforded. The 
gentry in many parts of it have been gradually swejjt 
off the land, until at the present day in the Parish of 
Drumlane, near the centre of this valley — a parish 
containing thirty-five square miles of fertile land — not a 
single gentleman is to be seen. All are gone, but one 
old, deaf man. The landlords have been like vampires 


sucking out tlie life and blood and spirit of the people. 
I^o matter what good reasons are sent, or what jiricet^ 
were obtained, all was of no avail. Povert}'^ and 
distress seemed to settle down on us like a dark night 
with no dawn. 

Even after two centuries and a half of landlord rule 
and English civilization, Cavan of the nineteenth 
century is much poorer, with not one man of good 
fortune for four, and immensely inferior in educational 
status to the Cavan of Dean Ilem-y Jones' and Bishop 
Bedell's time. 






The Rebellion of 1641, tliat burst so suddenly upon 
tlie countrj, did not escape the keen observation of 
Dean Jones, as well as a few others. Dr. Richardson, 
Bishop of Ardagh, saw the coming storm, and quietly 
converted all his property into money and retired to 
England a few months before the outbreak. Dean 
Jones and his brothers, bolder spirits, though they 
foresaw the danger, cpiailed not before it. They saw, 
too, that, happen what might, the English race would 
come off vict(jrious. So, with all their property, their 
wives and families, they awaited the issue. 

In no part of their history have the noble Irish race 
been more maligned and worse treated than in that of 
1641. For centuries have the gross slanders been 
repeated, until the massacre of Protestants at that 
time came to be considered as an Article of Faith. 
I have, I believe, honestly investigated this subject. 


with a patience and a completeness seldom or never 
l)efore attempted, and I have come to the conclusion 
that there was no massacre at that time. 

The literature of the subject is extensive, and a good 
list of writers may be found in Haverty's History of 
Ireland. Clogy, mentioned before, who lived all 
through it in County Cavan, though he is animated by 
the most bigoted spirit against the Irish and their 
religion, cannot mention or point to a single murder 
committed. On the contrary, he mentions that the 
last of the English, when departing from the County 
in a body, nine months after the Rebellion broke out, 
were parted with with regret by the Irish who 
accompanied them to Droglieda, and he states expressly 
that no lives were lost. 

The bishop's son, William Bedell, rector of Kinaw- 
ley, a neighboring parish, who wTote in a nobler and 
manlier toiie, has no note of any murder in this county 
at the time. It pleased a party in Ireland, who were 
headed at the time by the two bigoted old men, the 
Lord's Justices, Sir William Parsons and Sir John 
Borlase, to give a willing eai* to the stories of murders 
and massacres that, some months after the outbreak, 
began to be circulated. This party in Ireland werv3 
one in spirit with that party in England against whom 
the King, Charles I., had to take up arms. They 


formed part of that great party that at that thne 
brought the King to the block, overthrew the Church 
aiid_alJ but placed Cromwell on the throne. Men are 
still divided in opinion as to the conduct of public 
])arties at that time, but no moderate man, no matter 
of what party, but must confess that the Parliamentar- 
ians fought for the liberty we have since enjoyed. 
They put forever a limit to the authority of the 
monarch, which had become a standing menace to the 
freedom of mankind, and they curbed the power of 
the Church and the bishop, which for a long time and 
under various forms of religion had shown a readiness 
to persecute for holding speculative opinions differing 
fi'om those in current favor. 

In the great struggle there were four parties in 
Ireland that gradiially separated themselves from each 
other: — The Native Irish party, who aimed at getting 
their lands back again. These were stirred up and 
pushed on by the ecclesiastics, in order that the Roman 
Catholic Church might become predominant, and 
resume those estates of which she had been deprived 
at the Reformation. Secondly, there was the Royalist 
party, of whom the great Marquis of Ormond was the 
head. They consisted chiefly of English settlers who 
favored the Church of England and Ireland. Thirdly, 
there was the Scotch party, who were Presbyterians 


to a man, hated the Established Church iis deatli or 
poison, and were supported l>y an array and an ex- 
perienced general from Scotland. These consisted 
principally of Scotch colonists in Ulster. Lastly, there 
was the party in Ireland that favored the English 
Parliament and opposed the King. These were head- 
ed at first by the Lord's Justices, who often set aside 
the King's commands, and eventually became the 
Irish Parhamentary party and sided with Cromwell. 

The Jones family to a man threw in their lot with 
the Parliinmentary party. The only exception was 
Lord Ranelagh. He fought, till he died in ItUi, on 
the side of the English Loyalists, and after his death 
his son Arthm-, the second Viscount, does not appear 
to have been so distinguished as a military leader. 

Wlien the Pebellion broke out in Cavan, it fell upon 
the English and Scotch settlers like thunder from a 
clear slvy. They were totiilly unprepared, and the 
sti'ongholds and castles that they were l>omid to Imikl 
by the terms on which they received their estates were 
not built at all, or in very bad condition. Lord 
Lambert (now Earl of Cavan) had no stronghold on 
his estate there to which the people of the county 
could fly for protection. He and his lady were, 
besides, obnoxious to the Irish by their position and 
character, nor did the Protestant settlers trust or love 


tliem. Tliey had forcibly seized on lands belonging 
to the Church and the necessary but invidious duty of 
expelling them by a process of law fell to Bishop 
Bedell after his appointment. For this Lady Lambert 
hated him and was active in j-aising up persons to 
annoy him. There was one Major Bayley in command 
of the troops at Cavan, before the Rebellion. He 
married Penelope Ilartlib, or Hartley, a young lady 
of fortune, daughter of a rich London merchant, whose 
mother had married secondly Mr. Dillon, son of the 
Earl of Roscommon, brother of Lord Dillon, one of 
the Lord's Justices. At the time of her marriage the 
mother was a resident in the Parish of Kilmore. 
Major Bay ley's brother William, not liking the 
appearance of affairs at that time in Scotland, came 
over to Cavan, married Miss Hartley, sister to his 
brother's wife, and obtained the living of Cavan. 
Being instigated by Lady Lambert, he went to Dublin, 
and from the influence he was able to bring upon the 
Lord Lieutenant, obtained the living or parish of 
Templepost, near Cavan — filled at that time by an 
eminent Irish scholar named Murtao-h Kino;, who was 
assisting Bedell in the translation of the Bible into 
Irish. For this grave ecclesiastical crime he was 
deprived and excommunicated by Bishop Bedell. He 
was immediately absolved and presented to the living 


of Cavaii by tlie (.rowii. Persisting in his ofl'ense 
and having had Mr. King, who was an aged man, 
dragged to prison by pursnivants sent down by the 
Government vdio liad also again illegally presented 
liim to Templepost, he was again deprived and ex- 
communicated by the Bishop, being as quickly absolved 
by the Crown and presented again to these livings. 
In the end Bay ley, by the help of Lady Lambert, of 
Cavan, conquered, and Mr. King was allowed to remain 
in prison, against all law and justice. Mr. William 
Ba3'ley was made bishop of Clonfert in Ireland by the 
King lt!-W:. 

The whole of these extraordinary proceedings may 
be gathered from BedelFs letter to the Archbishop of 
Canterbury, in Mr. Prince's life of that prelate; in 
Jones's life of Bedell, and in that of Clogy. When 
sentence of excommunication w^as pronounced on a 
person by the Bishop or ecclesiastical court, the ex- 
communicated w^as committed to prison by the civil 
power till he should be purged from his sentence, or 
absolved. This continued the law till the time of 
George the Third ; hence the necessity of absolving 

The only strongholds in the county were those at 
Croaghan and at Keilagh, now Castle Hamilton — the 
former under Sir James Craig and the latter under 


Sir Francis Hamilton, both Scotclimen. To these tlie 
Protestants Hocked in considerable numbers, but they 
felt safer under the protection of Bedell, to whose 
castle, as it was called, they flocked in great numbers ; 
because, though undefended, they knew that the Irish 
people loved him. 

Though there is no proof by contemporary writers 
that there was any massacre, yet there was a great deal 
of loss, and terror among the Protestants ; for the 
Irish simply wanted to drive them out, and to this 
end put on an appearance of anger and terror that had 
its effect. At this time, while Bedell's house and 
offices were full of alarmed Protestants who had fled 
from their houses and were being daily threatened by 
the Ii-ish, in order to their flight from the place, from 
which Bedell would not send them, the Roman Catholic 
bishop of Kilmore, who lived near Bedell, offered to 
come and live with him, lest he or any of his people 
should be hurt by the intemperate zeal of the Irish. 
Bedell, in a kind Latin letter, refused. At length, in 
order that the Protestants might be dispersed, it was 
ordered that Bedell and his sons should be taken 
prisoners to the Cloughoughter Castle. This was done 
with an air of severity, to terrify the crowd, who 
thereupon fled; but the chieftain, O'Reilly, brought 
his own horse, that Bedell might ride to the place — 


distant only abont one and a-lialf miles, tliongh Bedell 
was a very active man afoot, and a great walker. Here 
lie was kept only for a fortnight, when he was set free 
and with his family and all his friends allowed to live 
in the honse of the chieftain O'Shei'idan, who was a 
Protestant and a rector, and lived near the bishop. 
Here they were allowed to live till the 15th of the 
following June. He was set free on the 7th of Jannary, 
1()42. The Rebellion broke out on Sunday, the 2?>rd 
of October, 1041. Bedell lived in his own house till 
the 18th of Dccend)er, and during the short time he 
was confined his sons' wives, etc., were kept at Mr. 
Sheridan's house. 

Durinoj the short detcTition in Clouo-hoiiiyhter Castle 
sermons and discourses were frequent among them, 
and if we are to believe Clogy, who sometimes preach- 
ed, the great burden of most of these discourses 
was the evils of Popery. All the while, be it 
remembered, their keeper was a Poman Catholic and 
so were their guards. If Clogy's account be true, it 
argues an amount of consideration and forbeai-ance not 
usually shown to prisoners by those who have them in 
their power. I would nmch rather believe that the 
bishop's discourses were more in accordance witli his 

The bishop was detainod not quite three weeks. He 


came to Deuis Sheridan's lioiise, wliere, from the over- 
crowding, he was taken ill nearly a month after, and 
died on the 7tli of Febrnary, 16'12. Clogy, his son- 
in-law, states that a week before he took ill, he and the 
bishop and his son AVilliam being out walking, on their 
way home they came to a drain which the bishop 
lightly leaped over. This pnt the younger men to a 
great stand. And yet all Protestant writers assert that 
Bedell died from the effects of his rigorous imprison- 

But where was Dean Jones during the tirst months 
of this terrible massacre, when so many hundred 
thousand Protestants were murdered, according to 
English writers, that more were shown to have been 
put to death than were in Ireland altogether? — and 
yet, strange to say, they all rose from the dead, for the 
whole number of Protestants that were in Ireland 
before the massacre some little time after appear 
"alive and kicking." Where was the learned, the 
politic young Dean all these terrible months!' At his 
own house, with his wife and children, living in peace. 
He knew how to manage the people among whom he 
dwelt, and though told that he would have to give up 
his lands, he smiled blandly, nodded assent and bided 
his time. He knew much better than Bedell the signs 
of the times, and that a short time would see the storm 


settle and tlie clouds roll awtij. 

The Rebellion began on tlie 23rd of October, and 
early in November the leaders of the Irish party in 
Cavan induced Bedell to draw up a statement of their 
case as a Remonstrance to the Lord's Justices and the 
Council in Dublin. They were anxious that Bedell 
should himself go with this Remonstrance from them. 
He excused himself, and the next most important and 
influential person, and one likely to be acceptable to 
the Government, was Dean Jones. He at once under- 
took the business, and started for Dublin accompanied 
by some others, leaving his wife and children in their 
hands. Dean Jones was most anxious to undertake 
the journey, for he longed to give the Lord's Justices 
and Council, among Mdiom he had many friends — of 
which the Cavan leaders seemed unaware — a full 
verbal account of the strength and design of the 
Northern rel)els. The Remonstrance was presented on 
the 6th of November and the Cxovernment sent a 
refusal, ])ut that the Dean might be accredited with 
having j^erformed his part in a friendly manner, the 
Lord's Justices and Council add that, as the Cavan 
leaders had been guilty of few excesses and no murders, 
if they would lay down their arms they should receive 
pardon. Dean Jones, in his own account of that time, 
lays stress on the fact that he was a prisoner among 


them ; but I cannot iind where lie was a prisoner, nor 
does he state it. There is no account to be met with 
of his having been released, nor of his liaving suffered 
any loss by violence. 

The rebels, under their great general Owen Roe 
O'Neill, made the southern and western part of Cavan 
their stronghold. Here, when pressed by the Scots 
on the North, Owen Roe O'Neill would retreat to the 
almost inaccessible mountains of Cavan and Leitrim ^ 
At other times he had a standing camp on the eastern 
bank of the Erne, some little distance from Belturbet? 
where he trained and drilled his recruits. (See 
M'Gee's History of Ireland.) 

Sir James Graig had died of hardship and privation 
during the siege of Croaghan. Sir Francis Hamilton, 
of Keilah, with the troops of Croaghan, had come to 
terms in June, 16-i2, and had marched some of them 
to Dublin and some . to Drogheda. In the meantime 
Cavan was completely in the hands of the Irish, and 
for several years continued so, during which the 
English had abandoned their property and tlie clergy 
their houses and churches. The Diocese of Clogher, 
consisting of Monaghan and Fermanagh, was for the 
most part in the hands of the Scots, who soon in- 
troduced the Solemn League and Covenant and ex- 
pelled the bishops and clergy of the Established 


Cliureli, so that in all tlie North the Scots with the 
Covenaut were as detennined against the Church as 
the Irish were in other parts, or more so. 

Many of the Irish l)ishops tied to England. Some 
died there before the troubles M'^ere over. Some came 
back to their sees or were elevated to more important 
ones. Some fled to places of safety within the small 
portion of the island where the English had still 
authority, and died there during the continuance of 
the trouble. Henry Jones did neither. Too brave a 
man to fear danger and too able a man to be idle 
during such a crisis, when he could no longer exercise 
his spiritual functions and when he found his religion 
under ban, he put the lawn with his episcoi):J dignity 
in his pocket, denned the uniform, entered the 
Parliamentary army of his brother Michael, and as a 
commander, under the aml)iguous name of Scout 
Master General — a name long since fallen into desue- 
tude — performed valiant service in the field. He held 
the important command of Scout Master General 
through the whole war, and when the King had fallen 
and Cromwell was supreme, he still held the same 
post,* nor did he resign it till the Restoration, in 1060, 

* Henry Jones, bishop of Meatli, was the means of preserving 
Bedell's MS. Irish Bible. Denis Sheridan, chief of the tribe, 
managed to save it from the wreck of Bishop Bedell's Library in 
1641 and gave it to his friend Jones, who subsequently gave it 


when his brother Sir Theoj)hikis Jones quietly succeed- 
ed to his place, as he resumed his ejjiscopal functions 
in the Diocese of Clogher. Bishop Henry Jones sat 
on coui'tmartial that held their permanent sittings for a 
length of time in St. Patrick's Cathedral as Scout 
Master General, where his name is still seen.* 

His brothers Michael and Theophilus became, from 
the commencement of the war, distinguished military 
leaders. Theophilus served under his uncle. Lord 
Ranelagh, the Lord President of Connaught, and 
would seem to have served for a while in England, 
when part of the Irish army was sent over by Ormond 
to assist the King after the pacification with the Irish 
leaders inlG-IS.f This connection with his uncle, who 
followed the royal cause, and with the great Marquis 
of Ormond, may account for the fact that Sir 
Theophilus inclined very considerably to the King's 
side, and as we have seen, succeeded at the Restoration 

to Mr. Boyle and suggested its publication. Boyle expended 
£700 on this object. (Professor Killen, Ecc. History II., 11.) 

* For his devotion to Cromwell and his activity and talent as 
Scout Master General to hia army, Cromwell gave Bishop Henry 
Jones a grant of Lynch's Knock, the ancient seat of the Lynches 
of Summerfield in County Meath, now the demesne of Lord 
Langford. (Kilkenny Jour, of Arch. Soc, Vol. VI., New Series, 
1867, page 63.) 

f We find him acting, however, under Monro in the North in 
1643. McQeoghegan. 


to an important military command. 

Michael Jones seems to have been a stern republican 
— a man after Cromwell's own heart. The Irish 
Protestant party, if I may so designate the whole 
body that at first acted against the Irish, gradually 
became divided into two parties — the Koyalists, headed 
by Ormond, and the Republican party. In 1G43 a 
sujpei'sedeas which had been granted by the King long 
before to remove Sir William Parsons from the post 
of Lord Justice, but not acted on, was put in force 
by Ormond, who obtained, in addition, an order to arrest 
Lof tus Meredyth and Sir John Temple on the charge 
of contravening the royal will in the management of 
affairs. Public affairs were in a somewhat confused 
state from this till 1647, the Scots fighting in the North, 
the English and Irish Protestants against the Irish in 
the South, with Ormond at the head of affairs, mean- 
while the English Republican party growing stronger 
and their friends in Ireland increasing in boldness and 
resolution. In 1647 Ormond was turned out of 
Dublin, having had to surrender all the regalia to the 
Parliamentary Commissioners. Colonel Michael Jones 
at once took possession of Dublin for the Parliamentary 
party. Soon after Jones marched out of Dublin to 
encounter the Irish army, or the Army of the Con- 
federates, as it was called, commanded by General 


Preston, brother of Lord Gormanstown, at tliat time 
reputed to be their best generah The object of the 
Confederate generals, Preston and Taaffe, was to drive 
the Parliamentary forces out of Dublin. Preston had 
7,000 foot and 1,000 horse, and Jones, being inferior 
in numbers, avoided a battle for some time, but being 
reinforced by some troops from Ulster he encountered 
General Preston at Dungan Hill in County Meath, 
and completely defeated him, the Confederates "losing 
5,470 of their men, of whom 400 were Red Shanks, 
i.e., Highlanders, under the command of the celebrated 
Alexander Mac Donnell, or Colkitto." (Haverty. 
See also Wright.) Michael Jones seems to have been 
very distinguished as a cavalry officer. This victory 
made Dublin secure till 1649, after the execution of 
King Charles, when the Duke of Ormond, who now 
co-operated with the Irish in favor of Charles the 
Second, besieged Dublin, with the intention of reducing 
it by famine. Ormond was joined by Preston, the 
Irish general, but they were surprised by Jones a little 
above Dublin, at a place called Baggotrath, and totally 
routed. Jones drew out from the city 4,000 foot and 
1,200 horse, and with these he slew 4,000 and took 
2,500 prisoners, with all their artillery, baggage, money 
and provisions. Ormond fled with the shattered 
remains of his army to Kilkenny.^ Jones remained 
* Cartloads of bones were found here a few years ago. 


Governor of DiTl)lin, wliicli lie kept for the Parliam iiit 
till tli3 arrival of Olivier CroinwoU sliortlj after, when 
lie took the distinguished Parliamentary general, Jones, 
with him as his chief Lieutenant and left his 1)rotlier, 
Sir Theophilus Jones, Governor of Dublin. When 
Cromwell had conquered and pacified the country, 
and John Jones, his brother-in-law, and Fleetwood, his 
son-in-law, were members of the Commission appointed 
by the Parliament to govern Ireland, settle the Iribh 
in Connaught, into which they were all driven, and 
divide the rest of the country among the soldiers, for 
their arrears of pay, and among those English who 
had advanced money to the Government, most of 
the orders in council at that time are signed hy John 
Jones. These orders have lately been discovered by 
Mr. Prendergast in the Castle of Dublin, whore they 
had lain for ages, neglected and unknown. 

"When Cromwell took the title of Protector, John 
Jones and some others of the Commissioners strongly 
disapproved of his conduct, and Michael and his 
cousin seem to have fallen into disgrace, John being 
dismissed from the office of Commissioner. After 
Cromwell's death John Jones again appears as one of 
the leading spirits who strongly advocated a republic. 
When the Restoration took place, he seems to have 
fallen into obscurity, though he appears to have lived 


on his estates in safety, whicli were cliiefly in Kilkenny, 
wliere liis descendants live to the present day as 
leading county people. 

Of Michael Jones little is heard till we iind him as 
Michael Jones, Esq., M. P. for Duleck, Connty Meath, 
in the Irish parliament of 1603. 

Both these men — cousins — were stern republicans. 
They cared not for kings or titles. Stern of purpose 
and with a high sense of duty, they possessed — Michael, 
especially — that undaunted courage and resource in 
the presence of danger that characterize, in all ages, 
the born leaders c f men, and in critical times lead men 
to victory and alter the fate of nations. 

Theophilus, brother of Henry and Michael Jones, 
was a successful leader in the Parliamentary army. 
We have seen that he was left Governor of Dublin by 
Cromwell in 1049. He seems, however, to have been 
more like Henry, the bishop, in character, than Michael, 
and to have kept the door of reconciliation to court 
favor open. He succeeded the bishop as Scout Master 
Genera] of the forces till his death. He was a friend 
of the Earl of Ossory, the eldest son of the great Duke 
of Oi-mond, and l)y his means a conspiracy which was 
formed in 1663 by some discontented Republican 
ofheers and Presl)yterians for seizing the C^Histle of 
Dublin and overturning the Royal authority was 


discovered.* Sir Tlieopliilus Jones seems to have had 
large estates, chiefly in Galway, for we find that the 
eldest son of that time, called Tlieopliilus, was a mem- 
ber of Parliament for County Leitrim, where the Jones 
family had property and influence for a long time. 
Theophilus Jones, Esq., of Ileadford (near Galway), 
was M. P. for County Leitrim from 1G05 to 1703, and 
father and son, the same name, represented the same 
place in Parliament till lYGl.f 

Ambrose Jones, the fourth brother, obtained a 
living from the Crown in 1637. He had obtained 
other livings from ecclesiastical patrons. We know 
little about him till he succeeded his brother Henry 
as Bishop of Clogher in 1661, which he held for a 
few years, when, in 1667,:}: he was translated to 
the see of Kildare, which he held till his death in 
1678. He was allowed by the Crown to hold the rich 
living of Maynooth in addition. § 

* Patent Rolls. Wliitelaw's History. 

f Patent Rolls. 

\ Ware's bishops. 

§ Ma: on. Notes, appendix. 




Shortly after tlie Kestoration, and as soon as the 
necessary instrnments were complete, twelve bishops 
were consecrated in St. Patrick's Cathedral, Henry 
Jones, bishop of Clogher, being one of the consecrat- 
ing bishops; but because he had been a commander 
for a time,, it was thought better quietly by the 
archbishops that he should not lay his hands on them, 
and politic and conciliatory as he ever was he acquiesced. 
Almost immediately after he was made bishop of 
Meatli, which he held till his death. 

From his long tenure of the see of Clogher — sixteen 
years — he amassed a great deal of landed property in 
that diocese. He was, in 1641, appointed by the 
Crown to ascertain the damage the Protestants had 
sustained by the rebels, and on his rejDresentations — 
and they were partial to the Protestants — grants of 
land were given to those who had suffered loss. His 
estates lay in that part of Cavan adjoining Fermanagh, 


in the County of Fermanagh and in the County Meatli. 
From him are descended all those of the name of 
Jones who held projjerty in Fermanagh or Cavan and 
held the rank of gentlemen. Squire Jones, of Monej- 
glass in County Antrim — a tine county family, who, 
in the "Lauded Gentry of Ireland, by Sir I>. Burke," 
only go back to the "BumpsrSquire Jones, of Carolan" 
(Thomas Morres Jones, Esq.) — is descended in tlie 
third generation from Henry Jones, D. D. This 
Thomas Morres Jones, who died in 1761>, was great- 
grandson of Henry Jones, Bishop of Clogher and 
Meath. He possessed lands in Fermanagh and Leitrim, 
and was married to the niece of Lord O'xN eill (French 
John), who from his ancestry and great estates ranked 
as a prince. Lord O'Neill gave with his niece, as a 
dowry, the estate of Moneyglass in fee simple. Squire 
Jones also became possessed of the property called 
Jonesboro, in the County of Arm igli, which they still 
hold. Squire Jones, of Moneyglass, was High Sheriff 
for County Fermanagh in li ving memory. He has been a 
magistrate for Derry, Antrim, Down, Armagh, Ferman- 
agh and Cavan; High Sheriff for Armagh, Antrim, 
Down and Fermanagh,in all of which he holds property. 
Another branch of the same stock was John Moutray 
Jones, Esq., who was High Sheriff of Fermanagh iii 
1797. He had property in Fermanagh and about 


Beltnrbet, where lie resided much. He married a 
Miss Singleton, of Fort Singleton, in Connty Mona- 
glian, and had no legitimate issue. He lived for a 
while in Ture, in the Parish of Drumlane, and is 
buried in the graveyard of that parish. A monument 
is put up in the church to the memory of his wife 
and himself. He died in 1835. 

From Bishop Henry Jones is descended, in the third 
generation, the Jones family of Nahillah, that is, the 
Hollow, near Belturbet, who have long held a leading 
position in County Cavan. Of this family David 
Jones was, in 1763, appointed High Sheriff of County 
Cavan. His father was the Mr. Jones who bought 
the freehold,. or Bishop's lease, of Drumlane early in 
the eighteenth century from Doctor Thomas Sheridan, 
who had to pay the money to Dean Swift. This land 
still remains in the Nahillah family. This Jones 
married a lady of Belturbet of good family and great 
beauty, called popularly "Bjauty Copeland," and ever 
since the name Copeland has been retained in this 

Many of Bishop Henry Jones's descendants in 
Fermanagh, surrounded by the powerful and frugal 
families of Creighton (Lord Erne), who did not come 
here till a later period, and Butler (Lord Lanesborough), 
gradually sold their property to one or other of them, 


so that at present few of the name of Jones and still 
less of their property remain about Newton Butler, 
the home for a considerable time of this family. 

A great-grandson* of Bishop Henry Jones was 
Alexander Jones, born early in the last century and 
possessed of the lands of Cullion, Mullinahorn and 
Piper Hill lying around Newton Butler. He married 
a lady named Miss Brooke, a member of the Brooke 
family of Fermanagh, Sir Victor Brooke is the 
present head of this family; the baronetcy has been 
in the Brooke family for several centuries. Sir Basil 
Brooke obtained an estate in Donegal at the Plantation 
of Ulster and was made Governor of Donegal town 
and castle by King James I. His son Henry, for his 
services in 1G41, and his losses, obtained 27,000 acres 
of the forfeited lands of Fermanagh in the beautiful 
valley called Cole Brook, which they have ever since 
made their residence. The adjoining town is called 

*Tlie son of Henry Jones, Bishop of Clogher and Meath, etc., 
was John Jones, whose son John Jones was father of Alexander 
Jones, of Cullion, Mullin-horn and Piper IIill. The Parish 
Register of Newton Butler having been burned many years ago 
with the church, I accidentally found out John Jones, father and 
sou, gentlemen of Belturbet, &c., witnesses to a deed of sale of 
property from Kineelagh, a gentleman, to a Mr. Joseph Ingham 
in 1709. Mr. Ingham's father came over with William the 
Third and obtained some forfeited lands near this. James Jones 
met, in 1.S85, a descendant of these Inghams. 


Brookborongh. Tliis family are connected with the 
most eminent in the kingdom and have always had 
great influence in Ulster. Alexander Jones kept 
hnnters and lived in the usual style of the squires of 
the time. His sons were John and Robert. John 
Jones married Elizabeth Moore, of an old and highly 
respectable family whose branches were widely extend- 
ed through that part of Fermanagh, some of them 
being allied with an old family named Montgomery, 
some of whom lived at Swanlinbar till very lately and 
took the name of Montgomery Moore. Several of the 
family of Montgomery Moore are distinguished at the 
present day by their talents and position. 

John Jones had issue: Alexander, Sarah, Jane, 
Robert, Christiana, James, David and Catherine. 
Alexander died a few years ago at Moher, the residence 
of his brother Robert, at a very advanced age, without 
issue. Sarah died young. Jane married James Patter- 
son. They are long dead and their children scattered. 
Robert Jones married Mary Elliott, daughter of James 
Elliott, of Knockadoos. His father, "William Elliott, 
came from another part of Fermanagh, called "Lack," 
in early life to the place where the family have since 
lived, about a mile from the beautiful village of 
Ballyconnell. He was possessed of considerable 
property. He died from exposure in a snow storm, 


while crossing the Balljconnell mountains by a near 
road to Swanlinhar, in comj^any with liis 1)rother, 
going to see cattle on lands he had there. At his death 
liis children were very young and his widow very 
handsome. She soon married again, and the greater 
part of the property gradually left its rightful oM'ners. 

In 1884 gentlemen from Ohio, M'ho were seeking to 
(istablish a right to property about Swaidinbar, County 
Cavan, said to belong to people of the name of Taylor, 
deemed it of importance as one link in the chain of 
evidence to get the inscription from this gentleman's 
tomb (Mr. Elliott's) in Callowhill graveyard, County 
Fermanagh. There is a tradition abont this Taylor 
property that it would never prosper in one of the 
name or their relations, from the way it was obtained ; 
and I have lately come across tlie sani3 tradition, with 
some additional particulars from another source, that 
M'ould point to the possibility of its having been tilched 
in some way from the Elliott family. 

Robert Jones, who is still living at a very advanced 
age on his freehold in the Parish of Drumlane, has 
issne: AVilliam, Thomas, James and Mary Jane 
(twins), John, Robert, Sarah, Eliza and Catherine. 
William, Thomas, James, Mary Jane, Robert, Sarah 
and Eliza are all in the City and State of New York, 
and all are married and have issue, with the ex- 


ception of James, who is unmarried. John lives at 
home in Ireland witli his parents and is unmarried. 
Catherine died unmarried some years ago. 

Christiana, fifth child of John and Elizabeth Jones, 
married Thomas Williams, of Castlecomer, County 
Kilkenny, a master builder. His father, an architect, 
was murdered by the rebels in 1798, leaving a wife 
and helpless family. This family of Williams are 
descended from Griffith Williams, who was made 
bishop of Kilkenny in 1641, a little before the 
Rebellion. He was a Welshman, born at Caernarvon 
in 1589. He came back to his see after the Restora- 
tion and died in 16T2, at the age of 83. He was a 
simple-minded man, wonderfully learned, and had a 
fondness for the mechanical arts and was a great 
science scholar. He was a sound churchman, a Fellow 
of College, and though he cared not for worldly 
consideration, was famous for his learning aud the 
innocence of his life. When the bishopric fell vacant 
King Charles the First was importuned night and day 
by bishop-seekei s for the place. "I'll give it to none 
of them," said the King ; "I have a man in my eye 
for it." "Who is that?" said his courtiers. "Doctor 
Williams." "Doctor Williams!" said they. "Yes," 
said the King; "is he not learned enough?" They 
answered "Yes." "Is he not pious enough?" They 


answered that lie was. "Well, then," said the King, 
amused, "what objection can there be?" "Oh, he is 
so poor." "And it is because he is so poor that I give 
it to him," said Charles. During the civil war the 
Parliamentary party offered him £300 a year (fully 
equal to £3,000 now) if he would take it and agree 
with them, as his great talents and the holiness of his 
life would have added lustre to their party ; but his 
principle was too high : he would not. He was much 
beloved in his see, but he appears not to have got land 
or founded family estates, like so many others. 
Thomas Williams and his wife have issue. 

James Jones, the sixth child of John and Elizabeth, 
is married and lives in Scotland. David, the seventh 
child, married Miss Longmore, of Knockbride. Both 
are living and have issue — John, who is unmarried, 
and Mary. This family also live in ISTew York. 
Catherine, the eighth chilfl of John and Elizabeth 
Jones, was married and died a year after. 




George Lewis Joues was bishop of Kilmore from 
17T4: till 1790, when he was translated to Kildare and 
made^Dean of Christ Church Cathedral. He was of 
the Jones family of this neighbourhood and was de- 
scended from John Jones, a grandson of Henry and a 
member of the Nahilla family. His daughter married 
Robert Humphries, a gentleman of propertj'^ about 
Swanlinbar, Avho lost most of his means by becoming 
security to Joshua Taylor, who owned or got the 
property already mentioned. Mr. Humphries died 
broken-hearted,aged 33, leaving one boy, named Thomas, 
and a daughter — infants — and a posthumous child. 
Thomas, who was destined for the church, joined the 
army and died paymaster of the Cavan Militia in 1843, 
and was buried in the vault of his "uncle, Captain 
Cross, in Kilmore, near Cavan. He married a Miss 
Yeitch, whose father was a gentleman near Ballyhead, 
in Cavan. His daughter, Elizabeth, is married to Mr. 


Finlay, who teaches a school in Kihnore. Thomas 
Iluniphries' sister, Rose Ann. married Thomas Cham- 
bers, County Fermanagh, and Phoel^e married Thomas 
Lilbiirn, whose family lived and are still about Dun- 
gannon, County Tyrone. 

The following are some of the appointments of the 
family of Jones, from the Patent Rolls : 

1581. Thomas Jones. Dean of St. Patrick's, Dublin. 

1584. Thomas Jones. Bishop of Meath. 

1605. Thomas Jones. Archbishop of Dublin. For 
a number of years Lord Chancellor and Lord Justice. 

1619. William Jones. Lord Chief Justice of 
King's Bench. 

1619. Sir William Jones. Lord Chancellor and 
Lord Justice. 

1628. Sir Roger Jones. Knight, Privy Councillor, 
Yiscount Ranelagh — July 21, 1628. Titles: Baron 
Jones of Navan and Viscount Ranelagh in the County 
of Dublin. 

1606. Lewis Jones. Dean of Ai-dagh — 26th June. 
1608. Lewis Jones. Vicarage of Kilbla in addition. 
1615. Robert Jones. F. T. C. D. Precentor of 


1620. Robert Jones. Three livings in Diocese of 
Cork in addition. 

1629. Lewis Jones. Dean of Cashel and three 


other Parishes. 

1615. Richard Jones. - Prebend of Swords. In 
162i) three other livings. 

1628. David Jones. Two livings. Diocese of 

1625. Henry Jones. Dean of Ardagh. (Lewis 
Jones resigned.) 

1634. Richard Jones. Deanery of Elphin. 

1629. John Jones. Rectory of Sego. Diocese of 

1637. Ambrose Jones. Parish in Diocese of Meath. 

1628. Robert Jones. Parish of Kilconnell. Done- 
gal in addition. 

1637. Henry Jones. Dean of Kilmore. 

1645. Henry Jones. Bishopric of Clogher. 

1604. Sir Ellis Jones. To succeed in reversion as 
Provost Marshal of Munster. 

1610. Thomas Jones, D. D., Archbishop. Com- 
missioner for Plantation. 

1622. William Jones. Chief Justice. Commis- 
sioner for Settling the Kingdom. 

1671. Oliver Jones. Justice of King's Bench. 

1662. Oliver Jones. Chief Justice of Presidency 
of Connaught. 

1666. Jones. Viscount Ranelagh. Lord President 
of Connaught. 


10()3. Micliael Jones, Esq. M. P. for Diileck. 

1660. Sir Tlieopliilus Jones. Scoul Mister 
General of the Army. 

1675. Robert Jones, Gentleman. Comptroller of 
Customs, Galway. 

1672. William Jones. Gentleman (father). Comp- 
troller for Galway and Derry. 

1668. Sir Nicholas Jones. Cluh. Reniembrances 
and Receiver of First Fruits of All Ai-chbishops. 

1633. Lewis Jones. Bishop of Killaloe. 

1661. Henry Jones. Bishop of Meath. 
1661. Ambrose Jones. Bishop of Clogher. 
1667. Ambrose Jones. Bishop of Kildare. 

1667. Ambrose Jones. Dean of Christ Church 

1682. Edward Jones. Bishop of Cloyne. 

1669. Francis Jones, Escj. Surveyor General of 

1673. Richard Jones. Viscount Ranelagh, Gov- 
ernor of Athlone, Lord President of Connaught. 

1765. Charles Jones. Viscount Ranelagh, Lord 
President of Connaught. 

1763. David Jones, Esq. High Sheriff of Cavan. 

1774. George Lewis Jones. Bishop of Kilmore. 

1707. John Montray Jones. High Sherift" of Fer- 


KW)!. John Jones — Wexford. Commissioner of 
the Peace. 

1677. Edward Jones — Wexford. Connnissioner of 
the Peace. 

1639. Henry Jones. Royal Commissioiier to En- 
quire, etc. (See above.) 

161:1. • Ilenrj Jones. Royal Commissioner to En- 
quire Losses of Protestants. 

1647. John Jones. Parliamentary Commissioner, 

Tlie foHowing are some of the notices of the family 
of Jones in C(jnnection with Trinity College : 

Thomas Jones, Bishop of Meath, gave £50 to help 
to build it. 

1061. Henry Jones, Bishop of Meath, gave £400 
to furnish the Library ; equal to £4,000 now. 

1646. Henrv Jones was made Vice Chancellor. 

1602. John Jones entered College at 13; was a 
Fellow at 19. 

1015. Robert Jones, Fellow of T. C. D. 

1675. Mattli3w Jones, Sr., Scholar of Trinity College 

107*). Matthew Jones, 

10)77. Michael Jones, 

1079. William Jones, 

1085. John Jones, 

17<>4. William Jones, 


1737. John Jones, Scholar of Trinity College. 

The following are some further particulars of the 
Jones family : 

1081 — John Jones got a parish in Wexford. 

James Jones, D. D., was lately Chancellor of the 
archdiocese of Armagh. Ili.s son is Jamj^ Jones, 
D. D., a M^ell known clergyman in the same diocese. 

Thomas J. Jones, Rector of a Parish in Tyrone, is. 
sprung from the Jones family of this neighborhood. 
His nephew, Thomas George Jones, Esq., was lately 
living in the parish of Drundane. There are several 
clergymen of this family in the Church of Ireland, 
but not so many as there used to be. 

The Jones family suffered in the end by acting 
against the King, for they gradually sunk after the 
Ee^toration in 1660, and by degrees fell altogether 
out of the very high position they had held. The only 
exception was Yiscount Ranelagh, who fought on the 
side of the King throughout and after the Restoration 
was raised to the dignity of Earl, 167'±. 

As Lord Ranelagh is the head of the Jones family, 
it may not be uninteresting to trace the family from a 
point anterior to that from which I commenced at the 
beginning of this book. Herbert, Count of Verman- 
dois in France, came over w^ith William the Conqueror 
in 1006. Ilis son, Herbert Fitz Herbert, married 


Lncia, danglitei' and co-lieir of Sir Robert Corbet. 
Lord Alcester of Warwick, their son, was William 
Ap Jenkin, alias Herbert, Lord of Cluariudee. Some 
genealogists say that this William or Herbert was in 
reality the son of King Henry the First (1100-1135), 
and tlie Ranelagh and Herbert family hold this 
opinion. William Ap Jenkin, or Herbert, married 
Gwenllion, daughter of Llowell Ichon, a Welsh prince, 
and had four sons — John of Werndu, David, Howell 
and Thomas. 

The son and heir of John of Werndu was ancestor 
of the family of Proger of Werndu. 

David was ancestor of the Morgan family, and from 
Thomas, the fourth son, are descended the noble family 
of Herbert, Earls of Pembroke and Montgomery in 
Wales — the first Earls in dignity in England. 

Howell Ap Gwillim, the third son, married Maud, 
daughter of Howell Ap Rice. He had the estate of 
Treown in Monmouth. His great-great-grandson, John 
Ap Thomas of Treown, married, in 1481, Anne, 
daughter of David of Gwillim Morgan, and had 
William, David, Morgan, Richard and Walter. 
William's great-grandson. Sir Philip Jones, was 
Colonel of the Monmouthshire regiment and fought 
for King Charles I. He was M. P. for Monmouth. 
Sir Philip was present in Raglan Castle when it was 


taken l)y Fairfax, tlie Parliamentary ii:cneral. His 
direct descendant is John Artlmr Ilerhert Jones, of 
Llanartli Castle and Clytlia, C'onnty Monniontli, 1885. 
David Jones, of Chepstow, second son of John Ap 
Thomas, was sncceeded by his eldest son, Henry Jones, 
of Middleton in Lancashire, who married the dani^hter 
of Daniel Acton, of Snftolk. His son was Sir Roger 
Jones, of Middleton and Alderman of London, with 
whom I began this history. His son was Thomas, 
Archbishop of Dnblin. His eldest son. Sir Roger 
Jones, Visconnt Ranelagh ; his son, Arthnr; his son, 
Thomas; his son, Richard, who in IfiT-i was created 
Earl of Ranelagh. He died in 1711, when the earl- 
dom became extinct. Richard, the last earl, married 
Eliza, danghter of Lord Willonghby, by whom he 
had two sons, who died yonng, and three danghters. 
Eliza married the Earl of Kildare, eldest son of the 
Dnke of Leinster, through whom the Dukes of Leinster 
and the whole noble house of P'itzgerald spring from 
the Jones family ; and Frances was married to Earl 
Coningsby. Richard, the last Earl of Ranelagh, married 
secondly Margaret, daughter of the Earl of Salisbnry. 
The title lay dormant till 1751), when it reverted to 
Charles Jones, the next heir, who became Viscount 
Ranelagh. The present Viscount is Thomas Hei'on 
Jones, Baron Navan and Viscount Ranelagh, only 


son of Thomas, Viscount Ranelagh, born 1822. He 
served in the First Lifegnards and Fusileers. He 
IS Inspector of the English Vokmteers, Colonel of 
the South Middlesex Rifles, etc., etc. He is J. P. and 
D. L. for Middlesex and Norfolk. His residence is 
AUiert Mansion, Victoria Street, London, S. W., 
Ranelagh House, Fulham, S. W., and Carlton Club. 
Family arms — Az., a cross between four Pheons point- 
ing downwaixls; or. Crest — A dexter arm embowed in 
armor, the hand in a gauntlet grasping a dart; or, 
Supporters — Two Grifiins, Erminois. M^otio—Cielitus 
Mlhi Vires. Burke, in his Peerage of Lord Rane- 
lagh, gives no other children to Archbishop Thomas 
Jones but his-own forefather. Sir Roger, and Margaret, 
who married Gilbert Domville; and he passed over 
the fact that Sir Roger Jones, of Middleton, Lanca- 
shire, was also an Alderman of London in the time of 
Henry VIU. All this is a piece of modern snol)bery 
that would be laughable were it not so reprehensible. 
Monk Mason, the highest authority in the kingdom 
on the subject on which he writes, says it was a singular 
coincidence in the lives of these two men (Adam 
Loftus and Thomas Jones) that they had each a more 
numerous and prosperous family than any of their 
predecessors in the Deanery of St. Patrick's, or than 
any of their successors; that the eldest son of each 


was eimoblecl, etc. Wliy did not Sir I>crn;ird P>nrke 
take tlie trouble of lookiii<^ out for the Baptismid 
Register of the archbishop's chikh-en and their several 
advancements, etc. ? Pnre students of history make 
short work of books of Heraldry and the Peerage, and 
there are few nobles whose pedigree could stand the 
sifting examination of a historian. Here are two in- 
stances in which Lord Eanelagh makes a mistake in his 
pedigree. The one arises from snobbery; the other 
because all the descendants of the archbishop but 
himself took the side of Cromw^ell in 1041-1600. 

There are few counties in Ireland where the name 
of Jones does not occur as a county family, while they 
furnish more landed gentry in Wales and the adjoin- 
ing counties of England than any other name. S(juire 
Jones of Money glass, descended from Bishop Henry 
Jones, was one of the committee formed by tlie 
Convention of Volunteers that in 17S2 met at Dun- 
gannon and gave us a free Parliament, and he was 
one of live from the whole of Ireland selected to 
w^atch and guide the movement in Dublin. 

In 1800 John Jones, M. P., and Theophilus Jones, 
M. P., voted for the union of the Irish Parliament 
with .that of England. Both held Government posi- 
tions, Theophihis being Collector of the Customs of 


There are a groat miiij officers in tlie Rojal Navy 
f)f tlie name, and very many in tlie Army. 

The Family of Jones in Ireland were able men tn 
every department of public life, great statesmen, great 
prelates and victorious generals, while they have left 
many distinguished marks on the literary history of 
Ireland for the last three hundred years. AVe had a 
brilliant young sculptor of this same stock and from 
this neighborhood, who died when attaining national 
cmijience, and the President of the Royal Irish 
Academy is Sir Thomas Jones, and this eminent man 
sprung from the same stock also. 

Everywhere the family are marked by an activity 
and vital energy that speak well for their continuance. 
There is that equal blending of the pliysical, the 
mental and the moral never found but in pure rices of 
people. That is in itself a strong gaarantee for their 
endurance, while the flashes of greatness and genius 
that occasionally burst forth wouKl indicate a latent 
intellectual energy that may suddenly ajVpear in more 
than one branch of the family to enlighten and to 
guide their age.