Skip to main content

Full text of "Joseph Atkins: the story of a family"

See other formats



REYNOLDS H '•'i^''''l,''g'^^''''g'J|''^'[!J^'''!^™!,'''' 




Digitized by the Internet Arciiive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 


p. iS, 

" 49' 

" 50, 

" 52, 

" 55' 

" 57' 

" 58, 

" 61, 

" 65, 

" 75' 

" 76, 

" 85, 

" 98, 


for "40-8" 




" "women" 




" "Addington" 



(See foot note to Dudley 



for "diptheria" 




" "Reed's" 




" "social in" 


"in social," 


" "then" 




" "presevere" 




" "then" 




" "dosen't" 




" "frm" 




" "Gottingen" 




" "chevron" 




" "unostensibly" 




" "viseed" 









"It is indeed a desirable thing to be well 
descended, but the glory belongs to our an- 



"O! tell me, tell me, Tam-a-line, 
O! tell, an' tell me true; 
Tell me this nicht, an' mak' nae lee, 
What pedigree are you?" 

—Child's Ballads. 

"Suppose therefore a gentleman, full of his illustrious family, 
should, in the same manner as Virgil makes ^neas look over 
his descendants, see the whole line of his progenitors pass in a 
review before his eyes, with how many varying passions would 
he behold shepherds and soldiers, statesmen and artificers, 
princes and beggars, walk in the procession of five thousand 
years! How would his heart sink or flutter at the several sports 
of fortune in a scene so diversified with rags and purple, handi- 
craft took and sceptres, ensigns of dignity and emblems of dis- 
grace; and how would his fears and apprehensions, his trans- 
ports and mortifications, succeed one another, as the line of his 
genealogy appeared bright or obscure?" 

— Addison's Spectator. 

§D the Pamt 

These unpretentious 
notes concerning sundry 
very respectable people, and not a 
few of extraordinary merit, are affection- 
ately dedicated by the writer to his most amiable cousin 




This collection of notes is not put forth as a model genealog- 
ical work, nor yet is it moulded upon any form of family history 
the writer has ever seen. Many laugh at the poor genealogist, 
who, if he secures a missing date, feels an elation he may hard- 
ly expect to impart to the readers of his Dryasdust Memoirs, but 
this one, knowing his lack of skill, both as a genealogist and as 
a former of literature, only hopes to afford in a little less dessi- 
cated condition some of the facts and opinions he has gleaned 
from a thousand fields concerning a very excellent lot of peo- 

Equipped only with an innate interest in his ancestors, re- 
gardless of their estate; curious as to the English origin of Jos- 
eph Atkins; early acquiring esteem for the highly respectable 
intermingled branches of Tyng, Dudley, Gookin, Kent, Searle, 
Eliot and Higginson, he has for thirty years gathered data and 
studied the story of these several ancient families with never 
fading pleasure. 

Although the material now presented is very incomplete and 
nowise elegant in structure, as indeed the writer's quarter cen- 
tury of isolation in the Far West must render it, he is satisfied 
that no other descendant of Josepti Atkins has gotten together 
so much information of the various older generations and their 
surroundings. The discovery in 1888, during a flying visit to 
the east after more than a score of years' absence, of the origin 
of Joseph Atkins in Sandwich, Kent, England, was adequate 
compensation for all his labors and outlay, and he is pleased 
now in offering a few plates showing old St. Clement's Church 
in Sandwich where many of this kindred were baptized. 

Considerable attention has been given to the social environ- 
ment of these our worthy progenitors, for the company he keeps 
marks the man for our respect or our indifference, and nothing 
has been more delightful in these labors than to observe con- 
stantly the high grades of associates entertained by the subjects 
of these biographical sketches. 

Should the younger readers catch from these pages the im- 

piession that neither hi^h birth, nor exceptional advantages of 
educ:ition, nor yet the presence of wealth, is essential to the for- 
mation of gentle character and the insuring of that success 
whose sign is a good name, an enduring reputation for integrity 
and kindliness, the best lesson the record of a respectable family 
has to teach will have been justly learned. 

At no point has the merit of noble character impressed this 
recorder so deeply as in the history of Sarah Kent, whom he 
esteems the most noteworthy figure in his family picture, and 
hence the apparently disproportionate space he has devoted to 
her in matter chiefly drawn from Miss Lucy Searle's elaborate 

Mr. Dean Dudley has kindly lent his plate of Governor Jos- 
eph Dudley's portrait, as well as the Dudley arms, and the 
writer is indebted to a host of persons, kinspeople and other- 
■wise — all longsuflfering to a degree — for generous assistance 
given these many years. 

The lamentable death of our excellent cousin, Bessie Newton, 
while this is in process of printing, has laid upon the writer a 
great disappointment, as he had for long pleasurably anticipated 
her genial comments on the personal notes now presented. 

The ampler space accorded Dudley Atkins Tyng and his de- 
scendants is due to easier access to abundant materials rather 
than to greater importance of this branch. 

In conclusion, it is hoped each reader will duly appreciate the 
amiable vein in which every detail, whether of the dead or of 
those still with us, has been written. 

Las Vegas, New Mexico. 

August, 1891. 


Atkins, Name, Origin and spelling, 

Other Atkins in United States, 

Atkins in Great Britain, 

The Sandwich Atkinses, 

Sandwich, .... 

Letters of Rev. A. M. Chichester, 

Joseph Atkins, 1st, 

Joseph Atkins' Will, 

Joseph Atkins, 2d, 

William Atkins, . 

Mary Dudley, Mrs. Joseph Atkins, 

Dudley Atkins, .... 

Sarah Kent, Mrs. Dudley Atkins, 

Mary Russell Atkins, Mrs. George Searle, 

Joseph Atkins, 3d, . . . 

Catharine Atkins, Mrs. Samuel Eliot, 

Dudley Atkins Tyng, . 

Rebecca Atkins, 

Gov. Thomas Dudley, . 

Gov. Joseph Dudley, . 

The Tyngs of 17th and 18th Centuries, 

The Gookins, .... 

The Rents, 

Bibliography, .... 


























Scene in Sandwich, 



Atkins Coat of Arms, . 

(With Dedication) 

General Chart, 


St. Clement's Church, . 


Sandwich Atkins Pedigree, . 


St. Clement's, Baptismal Font, 


Joseph Atkins, Portrait, 


Pelican Crest, 


St. Clement's, Inside view, . 


William Atkins Pedigree, 


Mary Dudley, Portrait, 


Dudley Atkins, Portrait, 


Sarah Kent, Portrait, . 


St. Clement's, East view. 


Searle Pedigree, . ... 


Samuel Eliot's Ancestry, 


Catharine Atkins Eliot's Descendants, Chart, 


Dudley Atkins Tyng's Descendants, Chart, 


Higginson Pedigree, 


St. Bartholomew's Chapel, .... 


Stephen Higginson Tyng's Descendants, Chart, 


Dudley Coat of Arms, ..... 


Dudley Pedigree, 


Joseph Dudley, Portrait, .... 


Tyng Coat of Arms, 


Rebecca Tyng, Portrait, .... 


Tyng Pedigree (Ancient), . . . 


Gookin Coat of Arms, .... 


Hannah Gookin, Portrait, .... 


Gookin Pedigree, 


Kent Coat of Arms, ..... 


Kent Pedigree, 



i Gookin 
Hen. VII 

8 Gookin. 

Thomas Atky|l Gookin. 
At St. Clement's, Sa 
Kent, England, 

Andrew Adkiril Gookin, 

Andrew Adkimniel Gookin 

Joseph Atkins 
from England, by : 

Dndley Atkins 


Mary Russell, 
h. 1753, 
d. 1836, 
m. George Searle. 

d. 1796 ajt. 44. 

George, 1780-87. 
Catherine, 1781-1818, 
Frances, 1783-18.51. ; 
Mary, 1785-1787. n. 
Margaret, m. Cur 

1787-1877. Issue. 
I St Perki 

b. 1767, 
d. 1842. 
s. p. 


George m. 

2d Hooii 

1788-1858 s. p. iswold, 

Mary, 1796-1807. itchell. 
Sarah, 1792-1881. 
Lucy, 1794-1863. 
Thomas, m. Noble, 

1795-1843. Issue. 

*See curious detail 
Gookin intermarried 


Scene in Sandwich, Frontispiece 

Atkins Coat of Arms, .... (With Dedication) 

General Chart, 1 

St. Clement's Church, 10 

Sandwich Atkins Pedigree, ...... 16 

St. Clement's, Baptismal Font, 24 

Joseph Atkins, Portrait, ...... 29 

Pelican Crest, 37 

St. Clement's, Inside view, ...... 40 

William Atkins Pedigree, 45 

Mary Dudley, Portrait, 48 

Dudley Atkins, Portrait, 52 

Sarah Kent, Portrait, . 57 

St. Clement's, East view, 64 

Searle Pedigree, . 72, 

Samuel Eliot's Ancestry, 79 

Catharine Atkins Eliot's Descendants, Chart, . . 80 

Dudley Atkins Tyng's Descendants, Chart, . . 90 

Higginson Pedigree, 97 

St. Bartholomew's Chapel, 100 

Stephen Higginson Tyng's Descendants, Chart, . . 108 

Dudley Coat of Arms, 119 

Dudley Pedigree, 120 

Joseph Dudley, Portrait, . . . . . . 126 

Tyng Coat of Arms, 136 

Rebecca Tyng, Portrait, 139 

Tyng Pedigree (Ancient), . . . . . . 142 

Gookin Coat of Arms, 146 

Hannah Gookin, Portrait, 148 

Gookin Pedigree, 150 

Kent Coat of Arms, 151 

Kent Pedigree, 152 


Thomas Atkyns 

At St. Clement's, Sandwich, 

Kent, England, 1615. 

Roger Dudley, 
Time of Elizabeth. 

Richard Kent, 
from England. 

Arnold Gookin 
Time of Hen. VII 

Thomas Gookin. 

John Gookin.* 

Daniel Gookin. 

Andrew Adkins. 

Andrew .\dkins=Sarii 

Thomas Dudley, Edward Tyng. 

from England. from England. 

i I 

.loseph I)udlcy.=Rebccca Tyng. 

James Kent, 
from England 

Daniel Gookin, 
from England. 

Nathaniel Gookin. 

.Joseph Atkins=Mary Dudley. 
from England, Viy 1728. 

Richard Kent.=Ilannah Gookin. 

Dudley Atklns.=Sarah Kent 

b. 1755, 
d. 1787. 
s. p. 


b. 17,57. 
d. 1771. 
s. p. 


Mary Ru.ssell, 
b. 1753, 
d. 1836, 
m. George Searle, 

d. 1796 a>t. 44. 

(George, 1780-87. 
Catherine, 1781-1818. 
Frances, 1783-1851. 
Mary, 178,5-1787. 
Margaret, m. Curson, 

1787-1877. Issue. 


1788-1858 s. p. 
Mary, 1796-1807. 
Sarah, 1792-1881. 
Lucy, 1794-1863. 
Thomas, m. Noble, 

1795-1843. Issue. 

*See curious detail of great antiquity of the l)er 
Gookin intermarried— in section on the ttookin's. 

b. 1758, 
d. 1829, 
m. Samuel Eliot 


Marv Harrison m. Dwight, 

1788-1846, Issue. 
Elizabeth, m. Guild, 

1790- , Issue. 
Charles, 1792-1813. 
Catherine, m. Norton, 

1793-1879, Issue. 
William Havard m. Bradford 

1795-1831, Issue. 
Samuel Atkins, m. Lyman, 
■ 1798-1862. Issue. 
Anna, m. Ticknor. 

1800-188.5. Issue. 

ith whom .John 

rah Winslow, 

b. 1760, d. 1829, 
(Dudley Atkins Tyng) 

(1. Sarah Higginson. 
'"• ■( 2. Elizabeth Higginson. 
Bv S. H. Issue: 

( 1. Head, 

'/ 2. Marquand. 

1794-1880. Issue. 
Susannah Cleveland m. Newton, 

1795-1882. Issue. 
Dudley, m. Bowman. 
Resurned name of Atkins, 

1798-1845. Issue. 
Stephen Higginson m. ] ^ MiSelL 

1800-1885. Issue. 
Charles n. ] i; Spine. 

1801-1879. issue. 
George. 1Su:M823. 
Marv Cabol. ni., 

1804-1849. Issue. 
James Higgin.son, ni. Degen. 

1808-1879. Issue. 


b. 1767, 
d. 1842. 
s.' p. 

History of the Atkins Family. 


The name was quite commonly spelt Adkins in England and 
America in the 17th and 18th centuries, and Mr. Chichester 
says it chiefly occurs with the "d" in St. Clement's records, Sand- 
wich. In the Hale (Newbury, Mass.) diary the name of Wih 
iiam A., son of Joseph, often occurs, but is always spelt 
Adkins; Dudley's family, however, used the "t", as did the not- 
aries in constructing the wills of Joseph and his sons. The A's 
of Connecticut in the last century used the "d", but later lost 
it. In the Southwest of the United States the name occure fre- 
quently as Adkins. I have some doubt of the letter being a 
^'d" in the name of Andrew Atkins— fac simile given elsewhere. 

The employment of "y" in the last syllable, so pleasant to 
our eyes to-day, seems to have been chiefly in the famous jurist 
family, and retained nowhere in England now. 

As to the origin of the name, M. A. Lower in his "English 
Surnames," after deriving the hlii or kyn from the Flemish— 
with a diminutive signiticancc, obtains from Arthur, At-kins, 
as it were little Arthur, or the son of Arthur. In a later edi- 
tion. Lower gives "Atkins— see Arthur— Christian name. 
Other surname from it, Atty — Atkins.' 
Adkins as from Adam — a far crv to Eden! 


A book much larger than this would bo needed to hold any 
fair account of other Atkins families in this country. I have 
frequently engaged in correspondence with members of several 
of them, but in no instance have they been able to state of what 
English stock they sprang. In South Carolina, Mississippi, 
Alabama, were large families. Mr. James Atkins, of the 
South Carolina branch. Collector of the Pt)rt of Savanna, Ga., 


under Pres. Hayes, gave me ample details; his orreat-grand- 
father Francis having come from England to Virginia and South 
Carolina and dying in Newberry Co., S. C, in 1816. There 
were several Josephs in this line. 

In Maine, people of the name were there in the 17th Century, 
from whom I suppose my obligins' correspondent, Mr. Charles 
Grandison Atkins came, a practical scientist, distinguished in 
fish culture, and head of that Department for the State of Maine. 

On Cape Cod have always lived a host of Atkins people, of 
whom one Dr. E. C. Atkins, has kindly written to me. Henry 
A., there in 1641, was apparently the head of the family. Jo- 
sephs were not rare among these, but as Scriptural names were 
in profuse use among all the middle class Atkinses in England 
and America, as well as in the better Irish group, no connec- 
tions can be deduced. 

William Bradford, printer, of Philadelphia, published as his 
first work in 1685 a book described as follows: Kalendarium 
Pennselvaniense: or, America's Messenger. Being an Alma- 
nack for the year of Grace 1686, wherein is contained both the 
English and Foreign account, the Motions of the Planets through 
the Signs, etc. By Samuel Atkins, Student in the Mathematics 
and Astrology. And the Stars in the Courses fouyJd against 

It is said that but one copy survives. I have no suspicion 
who this Samuel was. 

Various Atkins men have been prominent of later years in fi- 
nance, in banking, railroad management, etc. I have a list of 
near a dozen physicians of the name, but one or two men of 
education. The Hon. J. D. C. Atkins, of Tennessee (of what 
stock I could not learn), was several terms in Congress, and af- 
terwards Commissioner of the Indian Bureau at Washington 
under Pres. Cleveland, in which oflSce, though a man of consid- 
erable ability, by narrow partisanship he helped to make no 
better the shameful state of our Indian affairs. 



In America the name is so rare that, though I know of many 
families, I have, in my forty odd years of life, met but two per- 
sons bearing the name, one an (>ld Englishman traveling in 
Minnesota, the other, George Atkins, a soldier in the 15th U. S. 
Infantry, a native of Michigan. In England, however, the 
name is common to a remarkable degree, a fact which those who 
would so easily attach eur line to that of the eminent fam- 
ilies in Great Britain should not lose sight of. In books and 
periodicals it is often encountered, as in "Robinson Crusoe" 
( Yv^ill Atkins), and in Henry Mackenzie's "Man of Feeling" 
(Miss Atkins is the heroine), and in "Cyril" a novel of 1SS9, 
by Geoffrey Drage, London. 

While it has always been frequent, one circumstance has 
tended both to mark its recurrence and to perpetuate it as the 
very Smith-like essence of commonplace, namely, its use as a 
slang term indicating any British soldier in the couplet Tojumy 
Atkins. In Notes and Queries, 6th series. Vol. 8, p. 525, Mr. 
E. Cobham Brewer, antiquarian, says that some years ago the 
British War Office sent out a little book for each soldier to fill 
in with his personal record. An early page of the book was 
tilled in already as an example, and the name "Tommy At- 
kins " was used to represent the supposed soldier just as John 
Doe and Richard Roe figure in legal hypotheses. From this 
the use spread to signify any English soldier, quite as "Jack 
Tar", or "Jack", indicates a sailor. 

Thus, "Love and War -Tommy Atkins — 'What a bit o' luck 
M:iry. I'm going to get my corporal's stripes', etc. ", and 
from an American newspaper, "But when the American Tom- 
my Atkins packs his kit and returns to the frontier post from 
which he has had a brief release, he becomes a different be- 
ing ;" and again, " a member of the richest family in the world, 
and a well known comedian in London, and poor Tommy At- 
kins in an out-ofthe-way barrack in Ireland" (Brit. Med. Jour.). 
Kipling, in "The Madness of Private Ortheris," says, "I left, 
and on my way home thought a uiood deal over Ortheris in par- 


ticular and my friend, Private Thomas Atkins, whom I love, in 
general. " 

So Mr. Chichester wrote me, "No pedigree of Atkins has 
been made out for Kent. The name is said to be too frequent 
and undistinguished to have made it practicable. " My re- 
searches, also, have shown it to have been a very commcm fam- 
ily name all over England and parts of Ireland for several cent- 
uries past. 

The Atkins family earliest attracting my attention as the 
possible source of our line was that of Waterpark, an estate in 
the vicinity of Cork, Ireland, a large and picturesque fami'y. 
In Sir John Bernard Burke's "Landed Gentry" occurs a brief 
account of these people going back to Robert Atkins, Esq., of 
Gortard, High field, Co. Cork, who died in 1724. His crest 
was " a pelican wounding herself." It states that his son Jo- 
seph settled in America (omitted in later editi(ms of Burke), 
while another Waterpark pedigree I have adds, "about 1730." 
As our Joseph left silver bearing the pelican crest, and came to 
Newbury to settle in 1728, the connection seemed wonderfully 
close — the identity almost established. Eager to secure positive 
evidence, during some ten years I corresponded diligently in 
every direction with persons whose names I caught from Eng- 
lish medical journals or the daily press; with librarians, as at 
Bristol and Norwich; with clergymen and their long suffering 
wives, in the Isle of Wight and various other places; with doc- 
tors and spinsters and army officers as well as with the British 
Admirality. Neiarly every one I addressed kindly responded. 
By a very circuitous route I roused the owner of Waterpark, 
Robert Atkins, residing at Queenstown, Ireland. As he was a 
St. Leger in the male line — Margaret Atkins heiress of Water- 
park having in 1742 married Hey ward St. Leger, Esq., her 
son Robert assuming the name of Atkins — he had only a 
stemma of the St. Leger descent, which, however he amiably 
entrusted across the Atlantic for my edification. In ISSI and 
'82 I met in the army in New Mexico a young man, working as 
a packer in the mule train, whose father was the present tenant 
of Waterpark and living in the old Mansion. Through him ef- 
forts were obligingly made by the father to aid my search in 
adjacent churches, and from a brother living in Colorado, I ob- 
tained a drawing of the plain old house, a cubic structure en- 


tirely devoid of beauty. My chief object was to find recorded 
the date of birth of their Joseph, but the father Robert being at 
times in refuge abroad that son may have been born anywhere 
out of Ireh\nd. 

Again, seeing in a London paper the death of George Atkins, 
Barrister at law, Dublin, '"eldest son of the Dean of Ferns, " 
I wrote to that venerable ecclesiastic, and was happy in secur- 
ing a correspondence with his daughter, Miss Elizabeth Avie 
Atkins, of Gorey, Ireland, writing at first for her father who 
died shortly after. He was of the same stock as the Water- 
park branch, all descending from Augustine Atkins (and Avie 
his wife) who received grants of land in Ireland, being there 
prior to 1630. Au*iustine's son Robert, father of the unattach- 
ed Joseph, was in the thick of the disturbances in that unhappy 
country (TyrconneFs time), and having hung a prying priest 
on a tree m his dooryard, found it desirable to spend .some years 
in England. Miss Atkins sent me photographs of all their fam- 
ily, and proved herself a highly cultivated as well as good- 
natured gentlewoman. 

Another branch of this family settled in Cork where their de- 
scendants are still numerous, many of them holding the offices 
of Sherifi", Alderman, and Mayor in the last century. The 
names Augustine, John, Robert, George, often occur in this 
large family, Samuel and Joseph occasionally. The Waterpark 
arms are : Argent, two bars, gules, on a chief of the first, three 
roundles, of the second. Crest, a pelican wounding herself, 
proper. Motto : Be just and fear not 

Another family well worthy of our notice, and the greatest of 
the name anywhere, were the famous jurists, Atkyns. Thomas 
Alkyns, Jud^e of the Sheritf's Court, London, twice Reader in 
Lincoln's Inn, d. 1551. Sir Richard A., Chief Justice North 
Wales, d. 1610. Sir Robert Atkyns says, "It is remarkable of 
this [his own] family, that there has been always one of this 
name and family presiding in some of the courts of judicature 
in this kingdom above three hundred years.'' The epitaph 
which Edward Atkyns, Esq., of Ketteringham, Norfolk, inscrib- 
ed to several of these his distinguished ancestors, is a fair picture 
of these able knights : 

To the Memory of Sir Edward Atkyns, one of the Barons of 
the Exchequer in the reign of King Charles the First and 


Second. He was a person of such integrity, that he res;isted 
the many advantages and honours offered him by the chiefs of 
the Grand Rebellion. He departed this life in 1669, aged 82 
years. [Married Ursula dau. Sir Thos. Dacres.] 

Of Sir Robert Atkyns, his eldest son, created Knight of the 
Bath at the Coronation of King Charles the Second. After 
wards Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer under King William 
and Speaker of the House of Lords in several Parliaments, 
which places he filled with distinguished abilities and dignity. 
He died in 1709, aged 88 years. [M. Mary, dau. Sir Geo. 
Clark.] Of Sir Edward Atkyns, his youngest son. Lord Chief 
Baron of the Exchequer, which office he discharged with great 
honour and integrity but retired at the Revolution frotn public 
business to his seat at Norfolk where he was revered for his 
piety to God and humanity to men. He employed himself in 
reconciling diflerences among his neighbors in which he obtain- 
ed so great a character that few would refuse the most difficult 
cause to his decision, and the most litigious w^ould not appeal 
from it. He died in 1698, aged 68 years.* 

Of Sir Robert Atkyns, eldest son of Sir Robert above men- 
tioned, a Gentlemen versed in Polite Literature and in the An- 
tiquities of this Country, of which his History of Gloucester- 
shire is a proof. He died in 1711, aged 65 years. 

The Ketteringham line down to 1836, with Atkyns and Peach 
memoranda and epitaphs, was written out for me in Norfolk 
and sent by Mr. Chichester. The arms of these jurists, or as 
borne by Sir Robert, of Saperton, are: Argent, a cross sable, 
a tressure of half fleur de lis betwixt four mullets pierced of the 
field. Crest, two greyhounds heads the necks endorsed, argent, 
subcollered and tercelled counter changed and the wreath oi- 
and gules on a mountain vert mauled argent. 

In none of the memoranda I have mnde pertaining to this im- 
portant family has the name of Joseph occurred, and at no time 
had I the slightest reason to suppose our line descended from 
theirs, though nothing would have been more airroeable to me. 
A note, given by my cousin in his Life of his father, the Rev. 

*This noble Kentleman disjMited with ScroKRs, an Irascible and harsh .ludpce. as to 
the riffht of the people to petition the Kin?, dofendlns the people. Sci-osss report- 
ed hlni to the Kinii and lie was superseded. " Tliis virtuous .ludse" was reinstated 
after the Hevolulioii. Once he kindly interceded for a browbeatins Chief Jus- 
tice-one Kelvn-e before the I Inus." of ('(.luiiions. 


Dr. Stephen H. Tyng, said to have been found among my good 
uncle's pajjers, states, but without proof, that our Joseph was a 
son of Sir Edward Atkyns who died 1698. At once upon the 
appearance of that book I wrote to the Rev. Dr. Augustus Jes- 
sopp, Scarning Rectory, East Dereham, Norfolk, a distinguish- 
ed antiquarian asking him to look into the matter for me, and 
stating what I had learned about Atkins of Sandwich. He re- 
sponded, Feb., 1891, '"I have very little doubt that you are 
right and that your imcle is altogether wrong. " "It is hardly 
conceivable that any son of Sir Edward, Chief Baron of Ex- 
chequer, who died in 1698, could have dropt out so completely 
as Mr. Tyng's hypothesis assumes he must have done. " "It 
is possible — but in the face of it very improbable — that there 
may have been a third brother Joseph who took to a sea-faring 
life at the end of the 17th century; and considering what the 
term 'mariner' meant at this time, it would require proof posi- 
tive to convince me that any younger son of so wealthy a fam- 
ily, which had made, too, such proud alliances, should have 
been sutieied to take to a seafaring life in those days, " adding 
that "you are to be congiatulated in having such good evidence 
of your forefather's antecedents and you might well rest con- 
tent with what I should consider certainty.'''' 

The Fountainvillo and Firville or Mallow, Co. Cork, Irish 
family of Atkins are said to spring from Richard A., son of Sir 
John A., Knt., and Mary, sister of Charles Howard, 1st Earl 
of Carlisle, some of whom (using the name Going) settled in 
the S. W. United Stales prior to the war of 1861, their arms 
the same as ours. I had pleasant letters in 1878 from Dr. 
Ringrose Atkins, then twenty seven years ohl and connected 
with the District Lunatic Asylum, Waterford, Ireland, and his 
l)rother, Dr. T. Gelston Atkins of Cork, of the Mallow family, 
cultivated and obliging gentlemen. They put me in communi- 
cation with their aged cousin Dr. J. N. C. Atkins Davis, who 
was thirty-one years in the Royal Artillery as Surgeon-Major, 
H. P., and Department Inspector General, Hon. Memb. R. C 
S. L. and F. R. C. S. Ire. Ho was a devoted genealogist, Very 
old and feeble when first known to me, and, to my regret, died 
soon afterwards, in 1879. He wrote me several charming and 
valuable letters. He was doubly an Atkins and his brother 
James married their cousin. Miss Atkins of Firville. His 


father was in the Royal Artillery ; and his great grandfather 
was in the cavahy, and on his chair were the same arms as ours^ 
but with the nag's head crest that Burke assigns to the Foun- 
tainville A'sj but now the Firville A\s bear the greyhounds- 
crest. Indeed, his letters only served to confirm me in the be- 
lief that the instability of arms was immense, and that no ver}^ 
definite judgement could be made through heraldic devices as tO' 
the derivation of families: 

The next most interesting family of the name was found- 
ed — as to its prosperity and rank — by a physician. Henry At- 
kins, M. D., son of Richard A., of Berkhamstead, Herts. Dr. 
Atkins was a man of great merit, and fortunate in securing the- 
notice and friendship of King James I, whom he served as med- 
ical attendant. He d. 1637, »t. 77 years. His line, father to 
son, is, Sir Henry (son of Dr. H.), Richard (baron) d. 1689, Sir 
Bichard d. 1696,"^ Sir Henry d. 1712, Sir Henry d. 1728, Sir 
Henry d. 1742, set 16, his brother Sir Richard d. 1756, no issue. 
Dr. Henry paid £6000 for the Manor of Clapham ; his great 
grand-daughter Agnes m. Edward Atkins, son of Sir Robert A.^ 
of Saperton, Gloucester. Dr. A'& arms were. Azure three bar:* 
arg. three bezants in chief. Crest on a wreath a dragon proper^ 
and a pelican on his (the dragon's) back iroimding herself 

Of odds and end& of Atkins persons of more or less note I 
found : 

1. Thomas Atkins and William his son (about 17th year 
Henry VHI) interested in the Manor of Thanington, a suburb 
of Canterbury, Kent. But a dozen miles from Sandwich, I 
wondered if this Thomas might be a forebear of the other Thom- 
as at St. Clement's. Mr. Sheppard of Canterbury, through Mr. 
Chichester, could only send me a reprint of a very quaintly 
spelled letter of "Wyllyam Atkins, lorde of Tanyngton", dated 
1500, written from London, about the disposal of rents. 

2. Robert Atkins, Esq., was Recorder of the City of Oxford 
in 1571:. 

3. Richard Atkins, martyr, born at Ross, Herefordshire, 
1559-158J, was tortured and burned at the stake Aug. 2, 1581, 
charged with popery. A scholarly man. 

4- John Atkins was an Alderman at Norwich, Norfolk, d. 
temp. Eliz. Reg. 


5. John Atkins, d. 1580. Rector of St. Alphage, city of 
Canterbury, buried in the chancel. 

6. William Atkins, Jesuit,, 1601-1681, condemned to death 
by Ch. Justice Scruggs, but died in Stafford gaol. 

T. James Atkme (Atkins or Etkins) 1613-1687, a Scottish 

8. Jolm Atkins, Surgeon in the British Navy. Published 
books, "The Navy Surgeon," and "Voyages to Africa and 
America", both of which were favorably received. Died Dec. 
1757, yet. seventy-three years, buried in Westham, by London. 

9. Robert Atkins, transported to Burbadoes, May 2, 1635, 
fet. 23, — blot on the scutcheon. 

10. Sir Jonathan Atkins, Governor of Barbadoes, 167-1. 

11. Francis Atkins, left a collection of Manuscript Poems, 
made in the 17tli Century, 

12. William Atkins, a painter, one of whose landscapes was 
dated 1724. 

13. Samuel Atkins, marine painter, in his prime 1787 to 1808. 

14. Lieut. Charles Atkins, appointed Lieut, of the Victory 
in 1672. Disgraced in 1675 for allowing himself to be taken in 
tow in the Quaker ketch by the Turks, without lighting. 
(Charnoch Biog. Nav.) 

15. Samuel Atkins, who was in the Admiralty Office with 
Pepys and is mentioned several times in the Diary, sometimes 
Cohmel, sometimes Mr., as 1668, June 21 ; 1683-4 in letter o 
Lord Dartmouth to Mr. Pepys ; 1703, Ring and mourning or 
dered for Mr. Atkins of the Admiralty. In Roger North's Ex 
amen of Kennett's History of England, the trial of this Mr. At 
kins for the murder of Sir Edmund Bury Godfrey in 1678 (sup 
posed to have been murdered by the Papists) is discussed. Mr 
A. was acquitted. 

Of later date, in the English Navy, 1810, Lieut. Nicholas At- 
kins ; 1809, Lieut. James Atkins ; 1840, Mate Charles Atkins. 
In the Church of England Clergy Li.-^t were: 

1. Stephen Hastings Atkins, Faringdon, M. A., 1842, B. A. 
1851, p. 1841 by Bishop of Ripon. 

2. William Arthur Crofton Atkins, Steatham Common, Ox- 
ford 1871, p. 1873 by Bishop of Winchester. 

3. Horace John Atkins, Northampton, Cambridge, B. A, 
1874, p. 1876 by Bishop of Rochester. 


4. Johu Atkins, Newbury, Univ. London, 1874, M. A. 1879, 
p. 1875 by Bishop of Worcester. Headmaster St. Bartholo- 
mew's Grammar School, Newbury, 1876. 

5. Richard White Atkins, Oxford, B. A. 1853 M. A. 1861. 
p. 1856 by Bishop of Winchester. 

6. Edward Atkins, Leicester, Univ. London, B. S. 1865, p. 
1878 by Bishop of Peterborough, 2nd Master of Wyggeston 
School, Leicester, 1881. Author of "Pure Mathematics", 1875, 
and other mathematical works. This gentleman, also, kindly 
wrote to me a dozen years ago, in response to inquiries, but 
was unable to suggest anything. His books have been sold in 
America also. 

One curious and pleasing incident I must mention, illustrat- 
ing the ubiquitousness of Atkins in general and of Joseph in par- 
ticular, and as a sample of the pleasant byways of the genealo- 
gist's leisure. A cousin called my attention to a cleverly writ- 
ten article in Littell's Living Age at the end of 1888 or early in 
1889, reprinted from Longman's Magazine, London, and enti- 
tled "A Queen Anne Pocket Book," by Alice Pollard. A small 
memorandum book dating from the last years of the 17th cent 
ury as to its contents, had been found in the cellar of a London 
bank. One John Payne, a youth coming to the city from 
Huntingdonshire, had kept account of his personal expenses in 
it during his apprenticeship as a linen draper, and, later, details 
of receipts from property he owned and the expenditures of a 
generous menage after his marriage in 1706. Among his 
entries of income from tenants the name of Jos. Atkins occurs, 
being twice in the article with dates of 1701 — 1703. Thinking 
a clue might lie here to our Joseph's whereabouts and doings, 
prior to 1728, I wrote to Miss Alice Pollard, care of Longman, 
and was much gratitied on speedy receipt of a response from the 
courteous lady, which is given here in full. The coin she men- 
tions was a new U. S. dime enclosed in lieu of stamp. 

1 The Mansions 
Earl's Court, London, S. W. 
Apiil 6th 1889. 
Dear Sir: 

I was extremely interested by receiving your 
letter to find that my "Queen Anne Pocket Book" had excited 


an interest as far away as Mexico. Before I can answer your 
questions I must tell you some more results of writing the arti- 
cle. Soon after its publication 1 received a letter from Long- 
man, asking if I would object to being put into communication 
with a VV. G. E. Payne of Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, and a 
few days after that an old gentleman called on me and clearly 
showed himself to be the direct descendant of my "John Payne." 
He and his sister Miss Hester Payne are the last direct repre- 
sentatives (»f the Ime, and as they were extremely pleased with 
my account of their ancestor, I felt that I could do no less than 
give them the original pocket-book, altho' I was sorry to part 
wilh so old a friend, for it had been in our family for fifty years. 
On receiving your letter, therefore, I thought at first that I 
should be unable to give you any information, but through the 
kindness of Miss Payne I have been enabled to forward you the 
enclosed transcripts. The Jos. Atkins of the pocket-book was 
clearly a yeoman of Kilworth in Leicestershire, and the only 
thing to connect him with your ancestor seems to be the curious 
coincidence that all entries of rent received from him seem to 
cense in 1725 and that you know your ancestor to have emi- 
grated to Massachusetts in 1728. I hope this may be of some 
use to you. 

By the time you receive this letter you will probably also 
have seen the "Sequel to a Queen Anne Pocket Book" by W. 
John Payne in this month's Longman's. This W. Payne is no 
relation to my old friend but he appears to be a great genealogist 
and perhaps in his researches he may have come across some 
references to Jos. Atkins, in which case he would no doubt will- 
ingly j)lace them at your disposal. I shall keep the little coin as 
a pleasing memento of an anmsing little episode. 

Believe me, Very truly yours, 

Alice Pollard. 

F. H. Atkins, Esq. 

The slips so kindly furnished by Miss Payne show all the 
entries including the name of interest to us: "Father Reed of 
Jos: Atkins For my rent Dew at Lady Day 1701—16:13:00 
taxe being Deducted." These entries continue till 1725. In 
Sept. 1724 the entry reads, "Jos: Atkins: Yearly Rent Forty 
Pounds p. annum for my farm at Kilworth", Miss Payne adding 


that Kilworth, North and South, are two small parishes in 
Leicestershire near Sutterworth. In 1722 the name of Ed. 
Atkyns is given in a list of addresses, but in no way except as 
to dates is there any suggestion that this land-locked yeoman 
might be identical with our own water-loving ancestor. 

An Atkins family of Deptford, Kent, now a part of London, 
bore the same arms as ours and those of Saperton. Also, Lieut. 
Robert T. Atkins, Royal Navy, in 1825, of Devonshire, bore the 
same, with greyhound crest, (Bovey-Tracey A's of Devon.) 
The A's of Clapham had the pelican crest but other arms, while 
the Somersetshire A's used the greyhound crest, (Saperton and 
D. A. T.). 

Other crests, are Atkins, London, an etoile. 

Atkins or Atkyns, Totteridge, Herts and Gloucestei-, grey- 
hounds as elsewhere and "Vincunt cum legibus arma." 

Atkins, Yelverton, Norfolk, a demi-lion rampant. 

Atkins, Waterpark, Co. Cork, a pelican vulning proper, "Be 
just and fear not'' 

Atkins, Cork, a demi-heraldic tiger proper, ermine, ducal ly 
gorged (and chained) or. "Honor et virtus." 

Atkins, Yelverton, Norfolk (2d), a demi tiger ermine, collared 
and lined, or. 


As a matter of curiosity I group all I have encountered up to 
end of J 8th century. 

1. Joseph Atkins, son of Augustine and Avie Atkins Ire- 
land. Married, in 1700, a French. 

2. Joseph Atkins, son of Robert A. and Helena Parker (gr. 
son of Augustine) — Said to have gone to America. First quar- 
ter 18th century. 

3. Joseph Atkins, Sandwich, England, son of Thomas A., 
bapt. St. Clements, 1629 

4. Joseph Atkins, our J. A., born Sandwich, England, 1680. 

5. Joseph Atkins, first cousin our J. A., buried St. Clem- 
ent's, Sandwich England, 1701. 

6. Joseph Atkins, elder son our J. A., died Newburyport, 
Feb. 6, 1782, aged 76 years. 

7. Joseph Atkins, grandson of our J. A., Newburyport, 1756 
to 1787. (Shipwrecked.) 


8. Joseph Atkins, Kilvvorth, Leicestershire, England, in his 
prime 1703 to 1725, of ''Queen Anne Pocket Book. ' 

9. Joseph Atkins, born 1669, Easthara, Cape Cod, Mass., 
son of Henry A. 

10. Joseph Atkins, son of last J. A., born Cape Cod, 1701. 



Having, for twenty -five or thirty years, vainly sought to 
attach — with certainty — our Joseph Atkins to some family in 
England, it occurred to me to search more closely the records 
of the family with which he intermarried upon arrival in Amer- 
ica, and with that view, in Sept., 1888, I was going over each 
volume touching upon the Dudleys in the library f)f the New 
England Historic^Genealogical Society, Boston, when, to ray 
great delight, I found a foot note, penned in by Mr. Dean Dud- 
ley many years before, stating that this Joseph Atkins, who mar- 
ried Mary, daughter of Gov. Joseph Dudley, iixis a native of 
Sandviich^ England. 

Proposing to write to some clergyman resident there, 
the amiable librarian produced the latest English Clergy List nnd 
furnished me the name of the Rev. Arthur M. Chichester, 
Vicar of St. Clement's and St. Mary's churches in that town. 
At once I wrote to him to search the baptismal records of the 
town, and to Dean Dudley, Esq., to learn the source of his infor- 
mation. To my surprise, the latter gentleman reported page 
404, Cofiin's History of Newbury, a meagrely indexed book 
which I had lightly looked through but a fortnight before in the 
Astor Library. Here, in a book that for years (since 1845) was 
in reach of nearly all my numerous kinsmen and correspond- 
ents, though not in my hands in twenty three years, but buried 
in a page of finer print in a supplementary list of Newbury's 
octo- and nonagenarians, was the precious sentence: ''In 1773, 
Jan. 25 [21], died Joseph Atkins, esq. in his J>3d year. He was 
born in Sandwich, Old England, was 'of the royal navy was in 
the famous seafight between the English and French in 1(592, 
was at the taking of Gibralter and was a noted c iptain in the 
merchants service'. His widow, Mary Atkins, and daughter 
of gov. Joseph Dudley, died Nov. 9, 1774, in her 84th year.'' 

Most fortunately in the Rev. Mr. Chichester I found a Briton 
of unsurpassed amiability and unusual energy, who, unappalled 


by the prospect of perennial importunities from a genealogical 
hobby-rider, diligently and successfully advanced to answer 
my riddle. His several lucid letters, printed herewith, are well 
worth perusal. They show the first Atkins of this line distin- 
guishable at Sandwich to have been: 

(1) Thomas,* who only appears as the father of certain chil- 
dren christened at St. Clement's, the first in 1G15. His own his- 
tory is a blank. His sons {"2) Andrew and (2) Isaac alone are 
of interest to us. 

(2) Isaac Adkins, baptized in 1626, great uncle to our Joseph. 
In 1669 he was chosen one of the church- wardens of St. Clem- 
ent's Parish, "and his signature often occurs in the Vestry Min- 
ute Book of the Period". In the years 1675 to 1679, both 
inclusive, he was a Common Councillor and sat in the Town 
Hall built in 1 579 and still standing. That he was a mariner 
appears from his classification in the parish records as "Mr. 
[ninster] of vessels, viz. Pinks and Hoys", in the collection for 
Algerine prisoners to which he contributed two shillings. Late 
in life he became an inmate of the ancient charitable insti- 
tution, St. Bartholomew's Hospital. He died in 1700, aged 74 
years. The positions he filled in his prime, when he was prob- 
ably independent in finances, indicate a man well esteemed by 
his fellow citizens. 

Unfortunately we know nothing of 

(2) Andrew Atkins, his brother, and in the direct line, who 
was baptized at St. Clement's June 20th, 1619. His wife was 
named Anna. He was father of 

(3) Andrew, who was born in 1650, baptized at St. Clement's 
June 6th. His wife was called Sara, but all that Mr. C. learn- 
ed of her is her death Aug. 15, 1685 and her burial at St. Clem- 
ent's. In 1680 a collection was made, by order of the king, 
in all the parishes, to relieve Englishmen held for ransom by 
Algerine pirates. In the Parish Records of St. Clement's all 
contributors are classified and the amounts given entered. 
Under the heading "Mr. [masters] of vessels, viz., Pinks and 

* The earliest occurrence of the name in St. Clement's was 1597, the baptism of 
Tomsine Atliins. possibly sistjr of Thomas Atkins. Tomsine was an old feminine 
form of Thomas. Excepting this Thomas all the other entries of the name 
spelt the Atkins with a -d". * 

di^yr^r^ (^Atr? 


Hoys",* occurs the entry, ''Mr. Andrew Adkins, one shilling.'' 
A voucher for these funds, in the same book, is sijrned by four 
persons, the Vicar, Mr. Parker, Mr. Rye, a "sent", Mr. Com- 
bes, a jurat, and Mr. Andrew Adkins. From a tracing of this 

signature I give the accompan- 
ying facsimile. One might ques- 
tion whether the name were not 
spelt Atkins, by himself, the 
loop at the bottom of the "d" being absent. His signature to 
the voucher is in a measure a voucher itself of a certain sort of 
importance in his social class of Sandwich men. "He resided in 
Strand Street, a long street still called by the name, and he 
appears in the Poor Rate or Church Rate Lists until 108(5-7 as an 
occupier, in 1691 as a Landlord", and thereafter is not seen. 
Mr. Adkins' wife died in 1685. Mr. C. found that an "Andrew 
Adkins of St. Clement's" was married June 19, 1698 to Mary 
Buza at St Mary's where she lived. The fact that his name 
had not appeared on the Rate Books since '91 leads Mr. C. to 
doubt if it really was this Andrew who married again. But it 
seems to me quite likely that he had been living elsewhere the 
intermediate seven years and coming home was entered as of his 
old parish. In 1723 the burial of Mary Adkyns, widow, is noted, 
a record necessitating acceptance of Andrew's prior decease, f 
Of his death and place of burial Mr. C. could learn nothing, i)ut 
suggests that, as a seafaring man, he might easily have died 
abroad. The general view of this mariner's career indicates a 
man of useful employment; a man of thrift, becoming a prop- 
erty owner; a man respected by his neighbors. 

*Hoys; small sloop-rigged, coasting vessels. 

Pinks; small vessels with unusually sharp sterns, chiefly used in coasting. 

"For other craft our prouder river shows. 

Hoys, pinks and sloops." Crabbe. 
Also "Merry Wives", a 2. Sc. 2. "Angler's Ballad" Cotton. 

tUnless she was Mary who in. Richard A. KiSlT. Chichester Letters. 


Thomas Atkyns. (a) 






Isaac, (b) 


baptised S. 

do. 1616. 

do. 1622. 

do. 1624. 

bapt. 1626. 

bap. 1629 


buried S. 


hapt. S. Clem. 
June 20, 1619. 
Married Anna — 



Clem. May 
19, 1700. 

I I 

Maris (or Johanna, 

Maurice,) bap. S. Clem, 
bap. S.Clem. 1648. 
1645, married 

Abigail . 

(c)buried S. Clem. 1721. 
She '' " •' 1736. 

bap. S.Clem. 
June 16, 1650 

=Sara , John. 

She buried 
St. Clem. 
Aug. 15, 1685. 


(d) Joseph, 

bapt. St. Clement's 

Nov. 4, 1680. 

j Capt. Atkins, of [ 

( Newburyport. ) 

do. 1683. 

I I 

Hannah, Andrew, 

buried bap. S. C. 

S. C. 1678. 1684. 

Matthew, Mariss, Benjamin, Joseph, 
buried S. C. do. 1689. do. 1696. do. 1701. 

1685. ( Described as do. do. 

- "from St. Mary's 
( Parish." 

(a.) The entry of his eldest child's baptism is the only instance of 
the name being spelt with a "y". 

(b.) The entry describes him as "Isaac Adkins, an old poor man. one 
of the brothers of St. Bartholomew's Hospital." This is an Alms- 
house still existing just outside the town, with a beautiful chap- 
el. In 1669 he was chosen one of the church wardens of S. Clem- 
ent's Parish and his signature often occurs in the Vestry Minute 
Book of the period. 

(c.) Described as of St. Mary's Parish "Housekeeper" i. e. a House 
holder. I cannot find his marriage at S. Clement's or S. Mary's. 
The gravestones in S. Clement's churchyard are stated to de- 
scribe him as aged 76 (dying Oct. 24) and her as 89 (Jan. 30) in 
the respective years as above. 

(d.) I tind no other entry about Joseph. 

[The above is as given by Mr. Chichester. Vicar of St. Clement's.] 



From a local publication by Mr. G. B. Griffin, 1890, I cull 
these notes. The town was established in the earlier centuries 
after the withdrawal of the Romans, and is first mentioned in the 
life of St. Wilfred, who, returning from France, landed here in 
664. It was often the scene of Danish violence, but Athelstan, 
king of Kent, in 851 badly worsted the Danes here. The place 
was shortly after pillaged by the Danes, and again in 994. 
About Canute's time it is mentioned as being the most cele- 
brated of English ports. In 1217 it was captured and burnt by 
the French, but the same year the Cinque Ports, of which it was 
one of the chief members, destroyed a French fleet, and in 1293, 
their fleets ravaged the coast of France, capturing much booty, 
and leavmg France " long afterwards destitute of both seamen 
and shipping". Edward HI spent a great deal of time at Sand- 
wich and made it the place of departure of the various expedi- 
tions which he fitted out affainst France. In 1456 Marshal de 
Breze, after a long and sanguinary conflict took the town by 
storm, slaughtered the inhabitants, plundered and burnt the 

Before the 16th century opened the prosperity of the town 
had declined through the gradual filling up of the haven. In 
the reign of Edward VI the haven was almost destroyed and the 
town reduced to poverty and insignificance. But the arrival of 
refugees from religious persecution in the Netherlands, bring- 
ing arts and industries, including workers in serges, baize, flan- 
nels, somewhat revived it. Queen Elizabeth visited Sandwich 
in 1572, and extraordinary preparations were made for her re- 
ception, the description of which (and her pageant) is very curi- 
ous and (juaint, but too long for reproduction. Cromwell and 
Charles II also visited it ; and in 1670 Queen Catharine was 
here, a visit commemorated in a series of panel paintings pre- 
served in the council chamber of the Guildhall. At present the 
principal industries are market gardening, tanning, wool-sort- 
ing, brewing; in 1881 the municipal borough had 2,846 popula- 
tion. The town was incorporated by Edward the Confessor 


and has a beautiful seal, ^' party per pale gules and azure, three 
demi-lions passant gardant or, conjoined in pale to as many 
hulks of ships argent. '' 

Mr. Chichester furnished the description of St. Clement's in 
Mr. GriiBn's pamphlet. 

ST. Clement's church. 

Built upon the highest ground in Sandwich, with its noble 
tower which, 

' 'Standing four-square to all the winds that blow!" 
is relieved from the impression of over-massiveness by the beau- 
tiful triple tier of Norman arches with which its sides nvo, orna- 
mented, this church is by far the handsomest and most striking 
building of which the town can boast. Standing in a church- 
yard of unusual size, the beautifully kept turf and trees and 
flowers of which form an effective setting to the stately struct- 
ure, it is an object of never failing interest and admiration to 
visitors and inhabitants, whose efforts have of late years been unit- 
ted in the task of rescuing it from the decay into which it had at one 
time fallen, and restoring it to its ancient beauty and perlection. 
The nave is separated from the aisles by light pillars and 
pointed arches; its ceiling is of oak, in panels between arched 
beams, centred with angels holding shields, with ornaments of 
flowers and foliage. The pavement of the church is a confused 
mixture of grave-stones, nine-inch paving tiles and common 
bricks; with here and there some small glazed tiles, and stones 
about a foot square, cut asunder diagonally, the remains seem- 
ingly of a more ancient pavement. The brasses that have been 
torn from the stones have left traces of great beauty and costli- 
ness. The font is very interesting and of an unusual character. 
It is adorned with four escutcheons; the flrst France, modern, 
and England quarterly; the second a merchant's mark in the 
form of a cross, crosslet prolonged to the base and throwing oft" 
two limbs with rounded ornaments from the shaft; the third the 
arms of Sandwich; the fourth those of Robert Hallum (Arch- 
deacon, 40-8.) 

In important restorations made between 1864 and 1870 the 
Rev. Mr. Chichester took an important and meritorious share, 
the money expended under his auspices amounting to £2,500. 

The Norman tower, built of Caen stcme, probably much old- 


er than the rest, is square and ornamented on each side with 
three tiers of pillars, with circular arches. Prior to 1670 it bore 
a spire. It is assigned by competent authority to the time of 
Kinir Stephen. 

St. Mary's, over 650 years old, and St. Peter's dating from 
the beginning of the 13th century, also present curious features 
and many beauties. 

St. Bartholomew's Hospital, second only in interest to the 
churches, consists of a farm house and buildings, sixteen small 
houses for the brothers and sisters, and a beautiful little chapel 
which is a most interesting specimen of Early English work. 
This almshouse dates from the middle of the 13th Century or 
earlier. The inmates are appointed by the Charitable Trustees 
of the town from residents who have been in better circumstan- 
ces and each receives about £40 a year. 

Closely adjacent and overlooking the town on the northeast 
is the stately ruin of Richborough, founded by the Romans soon 
after their settlement in Britain — the once famous city of Ruti- 
pium or Rutupia, which had prominent part in the affairs of the 
first six centuries of our era. The recession of the sea, robbing 
it of a harbor, and the destructive incursions of the Danes ren- 
ered it desolate. Roman relics of all sorts have been found 
and great masses of masonry are intact still. 



S. Mary's Vicarage 

Sandwich, Kent 

Nov. 12, 1888. 

Dear Sir: 

I must apologize for not liaving replied to your 
letter before but I was absent from home and have only just 
returned. I enclose herewith a certified copy of the Register 
of your ancestor's Baptism. For this I must ask you kindly to 
forward me the ordinary statutable fee of 3s | 7d. 

As you are interested in your family genealogy I have also 
noted down for what they may be worth to you other entries 
of the name about this period. With one exce{)tion, it is spelt 
with a "d". There is an Atkins in Sandwich at the present 
time but only one that I remember — a worthy retired dress 
maker who lives in an Almshouse of ancient foundation called 
S. Bartholomew's Hospital. 

The Font in which your Ancestor must have been baptized 
at S. Clement's Church — ancient then —is still in use. As it has 
been photographed more than once I can I dare say send you a 
copy if you should care to have it. 

I do not see any record of your ancestor's marriage nor of the 
baptism of the sons you name. Supposing he might have been 
married when about 20 I looked for the latter from 1700-08. 
I did not look further because you mention that one son was 
already married in 1728 on the arrival in America * Possibly 
your ancestor was married elsewhere than Sandwich and may 
have at the same time changed his abode. 

If I am rightly informed there are two towns in the United 
States called Sandwich, one being in Massachusetts. I have 
sometimes wondered whether they were founded by emigrants 
from this place;! And if so, whether any of the present inhabi- 
tants have any interest or curiosity about the mother town^ 

I shall be happy to obtain any information you may wish for 


further if it be in my power and be as definitely and clearly ex- 
pressed as your enquiry on this occasion. 

I am yours faithfully 
Arthur M. Chichester. 

certificate of baptism. 

Parish Church of Saint Clement in the Town and Port of 
Sandwich in the County of Kent. 



"Novemb: 4 Josepth sonn of Andrew Adkins and Sara his wife" 

I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true copy of the Reg 
ister Book of Baptism belonging to the Parish Church of S. 
Clement aforesaid. Witness my hand this 
12th day of November in the year 1888. 
Arthur M. Chichester 
Vicar of S. Clement in Sandwich. 





One Penny. 

A. M. C. 
Nov. 12. 1888. 

Marriages at S. Clement's Church Sandwich: 
1695, May 30. 

Alexander AzJkins and Mary Pierce widow both of Deal par- 
ish by licence. 

1697, April 11. 

Richard Adkins widdower of St. Peter's Parish and Mark- 
ham Stock widow of this P. 
1704 Jany. 22. 

Henry Adkins of St. Peter's Parish and Anna Adams widow 
of this P. 

Marriage at S. Mary's Church, Sandwich: 

1698, June 19. 

Andrew Adkins of St. Clement's to Mary Buza of this. 

In the year of 1792, when a local History of the Town was 
published, there were standing in St. Clement's churchyard 
(and mny still be seen for what I know) two headstones to graves 
in memory respectively of Maris Adkins, died 2d October 1721 
aged 76 and Abigail A. d. 30 Jan. 1736 aged 89. 

No such stones in either of the two Parish Churchyards. 


Sandwich, Kent, January 10, 1889. 

My Dear Sir: 

I have to acknowledge and thank you for the 
Fee for the certificate, duly rec'd. I am sorry to have been in- 
strumental in unsettling your genealogical fabric if I have 
really done so. Surely it all turns on the reliability of your 
antiquarian informant referred to in your first letter as having 
only just informed you of a Sandwich origin. Unless his proofs 
are clear, I do not see why you should not abide by your old 
theory which was pleasant to you and seems reasonably sup- 
ported.^ On the other hand, if you are descended from middle- 
class ancestors here, it is much to their ci'etlit to have risen 
so quickly upwards in the social scale in the New \yorld. 

I have been at a good deal of trouble to trace out the family 
you indicate here, and I seem to have at length found out all I 
am likely to do or that is useful, except one or two points at 
which I am quite baffled. 

I must ask you to send me a couple of guineas if you think 
that reasonable as an honorarium for the time and trouble. The 
statutable charge (which is 6d for every year searched in each 
Register) would of course amount to very much more. I have 
searched six Registers and on an average 100 years in each, 
some parts twice over. But as I had no explicit instructions 
from you how much to search of course I should not ask for 

If I have not made any points clear I shall be glad to explain 
in answer to further enquiry. You may rely on the accuracy 
of the statements, and the search I have made. Faded ink and 
crabbed writing have often made it fatiguing to the eye, but I 
am familiar with the Records and have done it entirely myself, 
as the quickest and surest plan. I have thought a pedigree with 
notes would place the results before you in the simplest and 
clearest form. 

The two chief points where I am baffled and can find no in- 
formation are the place of marriage and of burial of Andrew the 
father of Joseph. He probably went to be married wherever 
his bride lived, and her maiden name is therefore unknown to me. 
And as he was a seafaring man he may of course have been lost 
at sea or died on board ship and been buried in the deep. The 

*r)('iiv;ition fnnii the Wsiteipaik finnily. 


family evidently clung to S. Clement's tind the wife of Andrew- 
was buried there, but there is no record of him. I should state 
that, as I am also Vicar of S. Mary's Parish in Sandwich, I 
have carefully examined the se])arate Records there as well. 

In 1680 King Charles II issued Letters Patent for a collection 
in all the Parishes for the Redemption of Prisoners at Algiers, 
taken by Turkish Pirates. The amounts and persons subscrib- 
ing are given in S. Clement's Parish Record. The people are 
divided into (L) a few magnates who have either ''jurat'"' or 
•"gent"' after their names, and who give from 10 | — to 1 | — 
each including the vicar; (2) "Land Men", (3) "Mr" (Masters) 
"•of vessels, riz Pinks and Hoys"; (4) "Sea Men"; (5) "Seamen's 
wi(iows", etc. Among class No. 3 occur "Mr Isaac Adkins 
2 I — , Mr Andrew Adkins 1 | — . 

The Burial Register l>eing the (mly one at this period which 
gives occupaticms, and I being unable to tind A. A's, burial I 
feared I might not discover his position in life, but here it is 
unexpectedly revealed. I had written to the Probate Court of 
Canterbury thinking ho might have made a will which 
might have described his calling, but I have now countermand- 
ed this search. A. A. resided in Strand Street; a long street 
still called by the name, and he appears in the Poor Rate or 
Church Rate Lists till 1686-7 as an occupier; in 1691 as a 
Landlord (the tenant paying) and then vanishes. 

There is an entry at S. Mary's (of which I believe I sent 
you particulars in my last), the marriage of "Andrew Adkins 
of St Clement's to Mary Buza of this Parish", June 19, 1698, 
which I thought might be a 2d marriage of Andrew the father 
of Joseph. The odd thing is that though described as "of S. 
Clement's" the name disappeared from the Rate-books then. 
It may siinjily have been another man of the same name. I 
cannot find any children of this marriage and in 1723 "Mary 
Adkyns widow" is buried at S. Mary's. But there is no entry 
of her husband's burial there or at S. Clement's (nor as Mr, 
Gilder tells me at S. Peter's either). 

The only other point I need notice is the earliest occurrence 
of the surname. This occurs in the Baptismal Register of S. 
Clement's in 1597, "Toinsine Atkins". There is not one in- 
stance before that, at any rate in S. Clement's Baptisms. 

As regards photographs of the outside and inside of S. Clem- 


ent's Church and of the Font, they are easily procurable in 
the Town if you really care to have them. Unmounted they 
vary from 1 | — to 2 | 6. If you wish for any please say 
whether mounted or not and how best sent and of what objects. 

I am, Yours faithfully 
Arthur M. Chichester, 


A work by Professor Burrows of Oxford (a Retired Captain, 
R. N.) called "Cinque Ports'' in Messrs. Longmans' (London 
and New York) new 3 j 6 Series of "Historic Towns" will show 
you the importance of the Sandwich ship masters at an earlier 
period when these ports nearly furnished the Royal Navy pro 
tem: as emergencies rose. But that glory had faded in the 
period we deal with. 

I have not come across the name Strover to which you refer. 

Sandwich, March, 1889. 

My Dear Sir: 

I have to acknowledge the Receipt of your 
money order for £2 | 7 | 3 which was very acceptable and for 
which I am much obliged. I am pleased that you are satisfied 
with the way I have carried out your search. I am sending 
the photographs you specify, which I hope will arrive unin- 
jured; the risk is often in undoing the tight wrappers of these 
rolled packets. The little view of the distant Town with S. 
Clement's Tower showing to the right centre, is taken from the 
entrance to S. Bartholomew's Hospital, and the men in the 
foreground are some of the Brothers. In the other little view 
of a river front of the town, the tall gable on the extreme left 
is part of the east head of S. Mary's Parish Church, the tower 
of which fell down in 1667 and has never been re built. 

The device I sent you in my last, I cut oif a letter cm my 
table from our Mayor. It shows the ancient seal of the Mayor- 
alty and this copy which they have had of late years embossed 
on their letter-paper is, I consider, an exceedingly good copy. 
The inscription round is "sigillum officii maioratus ville Sande- 
wici"(the seal of the office of the Mayoralty of the town of Sand- 
wich). The arms are those of the Town and you will observe 
them on one of the faces of the font in S. Clement's church. 
(This photograph the photographer wished me to say he had 



made blacker than it otherwise would be in order to bring out 
these carvings on the Font). As I said before, it must have been 
old when your Ancestors were baptized in it, for it is considered 
by experts to be the work of the last years of the 15th century 
(1485-1500). If you are interested in heraldry I may say that 
the proper colors of the Arms of Sandwich are half red and half 
blue, divided perpendicularly. "Party per pale gules and 
azure, '6 demi-lions passant gardant or, conjoined in pale to as 
many hulks of ships argent." 

T wish to make the following addenda to my last letter. I 
referred to a Parochial Subscription List for the Redemption of 
captives taken by the Algerian Pirates which by chance marked 
the occupation of Mr. Andrew Adkins. I should have stated that 
at the end there is a voucher for the money having been duly 
accounted for by the church wardens and this is signed by the 
Vicar (Mr. Parker) and 3 parishioners as witnesses. One of the 
;} is Mr. A. of whose autograph I enclose a tracing. (Mr 
Combes was a jurat and Mr Rye is described as a "gent" in the 
subscription list itself). 

Please add the following names which seem "sporadic" and 
which I am unable to attach to the family "tree" i sent you. 

Baptismal Register S. Clement's Parish Sandwich. 

1637 Elizabeth daur of Dunstonn Atkins and Elizabeth his 
wife — May 21. 

1638 Steven son of Francis and Anna Atkins — Sept. 9. 
1639-40 Steven son of Francis and Anna Atkins^Feb. 9. 
Your ancestor Isaac was a Common Councillor of Sandwich 

from 1675-79 both inclusive. The corporate body consisted 
then of a Mayor, 12 jurats and 24 Common councillors. 

I have no reason to suppose that the "Pinks" were other than 
small vessels. A friend of mine at Ramsgate confirms your 
view and writes of the name as still existent in Holland. 
"Dutch pinks are very fast sailing boats used on the larger 
canals lor carrying fish." 

I am sorry to say that although I have made enquiry in what 
I thought the best informed quarters, no such antiquary as you 
desire is to be found hereabouts. The kind of man would only 
be occasional I think. No pedigree of Atkins has been made 
out for Kent. The name is said to be too frequent and undis- 
tinguished to have made it practicable. I wrote to the Vicar 


of Thanington giving him the substance of your enquiry and 
reference to Hasted, but he has never replied to my letter. 
Under all the circumstances, I doubt whether you would have 
much solid satisfaction in pushing the enquiry further afield. 
I am. Yours faithfully, 

Arthur M Chichester, 

A late curate of this Parish has just been presented to a 
Benefice near Norwich. As soon as he is settled I will ask him 
about the Norfolk family you allude to. He is a Norfolk man 

When I sent the photographs I did not know that your 
ancestor had been one of the municipal body. There is a 
photo of the Town Hall, a plain building with a somewhat 
modernized exterior, built however, in the reign of Queen Eliz- 
abeth and therefore the same in which Mr. Isaac must have sat 
with the Town Council of his day. 

S. Mary's Vicarage, 

Sandwich, Kent. 

Dec. 2, 1S89. 

Dear Sir: 

I have to acknowledge your P. O. order rec'd to- 
day. When you expressed a wish to know more about the Mr. 
A. who was lord of the manor of Thanington referred to in 
Hasted, I wrote to the incumbent of the Parish ( which is a 
very small one close to Canterbury) and asked if he had any 
knowledge or memorials of the name. He said he consulted 
the Parish Registers and had not found it, but he was not good 
at decyphering old writing. They (the Registers) began in 
1558. There were no other older Records. Of course, as we 
know, the being lord of a manor does not prove that a person 
lives on it, though it might be likely. In this case. Dr. Shep- 
pard's enclosure (which I now forward) shows that Mr. Atkins 
wrote from London. I did not send it because, though quaint 
in itself, it seemed to be merely a "will o' the wisp" leading you 
nowhere . 

Both Dr. Sheppard and others assure me the name Atkins is 
too common and unnoteworthy as far as Kent is concerned for 
any genealogies to be or to have been attempted. 


I wrote to my Norfolk friend iind endeavored to convey your 
your wants to him. He has only recently sent me what I en- 
close. These extracts again seemed to me of doubtful 
utility but may not to you. He said he had not seen 
Hunters History of Ketteringham, but he thought he knew 
where he could borrow a copy if what he had copied proved to 
refer to the family you wanted. I only wrote to him as a friend, 
and one in Norfolk, but he is not an expert. I have since 
thought of an excellent Norfolk antiquary — only however 
known to me by his writings — and who I should think would 
know, if anyone did, such things as you may wish to inquire 
into. That is the Rev'd. Dr. Jessopp, Scarning Rectory, East 
Dereham, Norfolk. You might see if any good came of your 
writing to him. I do not think I made out anything more 
locally which I have not told you except that I got one of the 
corporation here who is familiar with the Town Hall Records to 
look at them and his only discovery was that Isaac A. was a 
common councillor of Sandwich in U375, 6, 7, S and 9. The 
name was spelt in the Municipal Records Ad. 

I may state that if ultimately you should want any references 
to the histories you named, to which you could not get access, 
I think I could get this done for you at the British Museum 
Library by a literary friend, but it would involve more money- 
say, a guinea fee — as time is money to him and he is poor, and 
he only goes there when he is busy on other work. 

The Christ Church mentioned in Dr. Sheppard's extract is 
Canterbury Cathedral. 

What you really seem to want to trace is where Thomas At- 
kins came from who, through the baptism of his children in 1615 
and '19 at S. Clement's, suddenly appears in these Registers at 
that date. I am afraid, at this distance of time, with such a 
frequent name, that it is rather like searching for a "needle in a 
bundle of hay" in the absence of anything definite to guide you, 
and even if you found a similar name elsewhere you must be 
haunted by the uncertainty whether it were the identical person 
or a "duplicate." 

I am yours faithfully, 

Arthur M. Chichester. 

Harpers" Magazine (which is, I believe, an American as well 
as an English publication) will 1 am told shortly have an article 


on Sandwich called "A link with the past," or some such title. 
The artists have been here and one illustration will be what has 
never been photographed, viz: the inside of the Town Hall. 
This would have an interest for you as your ancestor Isaac was 
councilman. The present Hall was built in 1579, so he sat in it. 

1680— 1773. 



Joseph Atkins, commonly known in Newburyport as Captain 
or Esquire Atkins, the first of our family to come to America, 
was born in Sandwich, Kent, England, in 1680, and christened at 
St, Clement's Church in that ancient seaport on the 4th of 
November of that year, presumably — by the rubric — then but 
a few days old. What we know of his parentage, and some 
items concerning that quaint home of sea-fighters, have been 
given in a previous section. Of his early life we know abso- 
lutely nothing, except that, by tradition, he was in the British 
Navy in palmy days. CoflSn, in naming "a few instances of 
longevity" in Newbury, gives Joseph Atkins and quotes — "of 
the royal navy, was in the famous sea fight between the 
English and French in 1692,* was at the taking of Gibralter, 
and was a noted captain in the merchants service." This note, 
whatever its source, gives him a sharp taste of marine warfare 
at the tender age of twelve, and carries him to the great event 
at Gibralter in Sir George Rooke's fleet in 1704 — his age being 
then twenty-four. 

Family tradition in my day has insisted upon his having held 
a commission as an oflScer in the British Navy, and there is an old 
picture, long owned by Mr. Charles Tyng and his children — and 
believed to have belonged to Joseph Atkins — representing a 
visit of Queen Anne to ships of her fleet, with an attendant 
unwritten exposition that she was approaching Captain Atkins' 
vessel. In his will he mentions his mathematical instruments 
and his silver hilted sword, f the former suggestive of navigation 
in general, the latter of oflScial position, 

*The Battle of La Hogue, the English and Dutch against the French under 
Tourville, May 19, 1692. 

+That a sea-captain at the middle of the 18th century might carry a sword is 
shown in this passage from "A Voyage to Lisbon" by Henry Fielding, "the greatest 
novelist the world has known," written in 1754: 

The particular tyrant whose fortune it was to stow us aboard laid a farther claim 
to this appellation than the bare command of a vehicle of conveyance. He had 
been the captain of a privateer, which he chose to call being in the king's service, 
and thence derived a right of hoisting the military ornament of a cockade over the 
button of his hat. He likewise wore a sword of no ordinary length by his side, with 
which he swaggered in his cabin among the wretches his passengers, whom he had 
stowed in cupboards on each side. 


In 1878, dissatisfied with the slight materials bearing on this 
point, 1 addressed a request to the British Admiralty in London 
for exact information. Here is the response: 

24 January 18T9. 

With reference to your letter of the 11 th Ultimo ask- 
ing information as to one Joseph Atkins who is supposed to 
have been an Officer in the Eoyal Navy between the years 1700 
and 1728. I am commanded by my Lords Commissioners of 
the Admiralty to acquaint you that the result of a search made 
in the Admiralty Records fails to find any trace of any such offi- 
cer at the period in question. 

I am, Sir 
Your obedient servant, 

Robert Hall. 
Francis H. Atkins Esq're, 

A. A. Surgeon, 
United States Army, 
Ft. Gibson, 
Indian Territory, 

U. S. A." 

This report cast dismay upon the believers in old Joseph's 
official relations with Queen Anne, none more regretful than I, 
but I could devise no way of going back of the report. Sav- 
age had recorded him an officer; Mrs. Ticknor, Coffin, Miss 
Emery, all repeated the statement; the venerable Doctor Lyng 
gave it in his "Record of a Life of Mercy," and his son, C. R. 
Tyng, reproduced it in his interesting life of the Doctor. Stim- 
ulated by its general acceptance and hoping to attach our ances- 
tor somewhere in that brilliant service, I wrote again in 1890 to 
the Admiralty, and was informed (under date — 28 Nov., 1890) 
that the Admiralty records "are lodged at the Public Record 
Office, Rolls House, Chancer}^ Lane, London", and "are pro- 
duced to the public in the ordinary search rv)om, without any 
special restrictions." 

The Rev. Mr. Chichester having previously informed me of a 
skillful person he knew in London, early in 1891 I sent a state- 
ment of my case to Mr. C. and requested that the above named 


records be searched. "Does the name of Joseph Atkins, or 
Adkins, appear in any of the Admiralty records — as lists of 
men, petty officers or commissioned officers — between 1690 and 
1 728 ? Or that of Andrew Adkins? If so, with what rank or 
title?" Here is the result, received through Mr. Chichester in 
May, 1891: 

"Re Joseph Atkins of Newbury port, Mass. 

The search in the Admiralty Records falls under three heads: 

1. Commissioned Officers, down to Lieutenants inclusive 


2. Warrant Officers (b); 

'?>. Petty Officers and Seamen (c). 

a. The only Commissioned Officer of the name of Adkins or 
Atkins that I have found between 1690 and 1728, is Captain 
Smnuel A^^kins, who obtained his post-rank 3d, Dec. 1718, was 
superannuated with the rank of rear-Admiral in 1747, and 
died in 1765. 

Qh^rnock {Biographia NavaUs\ who gives some particulars of 
this officer, mentions two other Atkinses, of whom one comes 
within the period named: 

Lieut James Atkins, appointed first lieut. of Resolution, 70 
guns, in 1692. Cannot be traced after 1696, when he was in 
command (master and commander?) of the Garland. 

h. Warrant officers. Have to be traced through the 'Com- 
mission and Warrant Books', which record all appointments to 
ships, both of Commissioned and Warrant Officers, in chrono- 
logical sequence. They consist of many large folio volumes of 
closely written MS., about three or four years in a volume, and 
are without indexes. 

It is obvious that no search of the kind proposed could be 
made for the remuneration offered. [£!.]. It would, with the 
best desire to curtail expenses, occupy 10 to 14 days, at the least. 

As, h(»wever. Captain Joseph Atkins, of Newburyport, is 
stated to have been at the Capture of Gibralter by Admiral 
Rooke (24 July 1704) I have made a very careful search of the 
Warrant Books from July 1703, i. e. six months before Rooke 
sailed from England, up to the time of his return from Gibral- 
ter. This period includes all appointments to Rooke's fleet and 
also the Admiralty confirmations of all acting commissions and 
warrants issued by him during that time. 


The name Adkins or Atkins does not appear at all. 

c. Petty Officers and Seamen. There is no register or index 
of these or of Warrant Officers. Petty Officers and Seamen can 
only be traced by searching the Muster Books ot the particular 
ships in which they were serving on a given date." 

''Sandwich, Kent. 

May 4, 1891. 
My Dear Sir: 

I have had the search made which you desired 
and enclose result; also your memoranda and Admiralty permit 
which was not required. I must ask you to be good enough to 
forward me £1, which my friend says the time and pains given 
have fully earned. In his letter to me he says. 'I have no 
doubt that Capt. Joseph Atkins was a local master mariner of 
good repute, but I don't suppose that he was in the royal navy 
at all. At the capture of Gibralter, when he would have been 
24, there were transports with the fleet, and it is quite likely he 
was aboard one of them.' 

'Sanderson's Regiment of Marines (afterwards the 30th Foot) 
had its headquarters at Deal (5 miles from Sandwich) and was 
one of the Regiments carried on board Rooke's fleet. As a 
speculation I looked at the printed "calendars" of Treasury 
Papers for the period. These mention claims and payments on 
behalf of all sorts of persons for all sorts of services, shipmasters 
included, I see no Atkins.' 

I am yours faithfully, 

A. M. Chichester, 
Vicar of St. Clements." 

Further research to determine whether he was a warrant 
officer was too costly to pursue; certainly, I can no longer enter- 
tain doubt that he was not a commissioned officer in the British 
Navy, though it is highly probable that he served the queen in 
some collateral marine branch and that he was present with 
Rooke in 1704, and cabin boy or powder-monkey at La Hogue.* 

*Jo.siah Burrhett, a native of Sandwich and Burgess of Parliament. 1734. wrote. 
1703 -'Naval Menioirs." and in 1720 "'Naval Histoiy," also in 1704 a pamphlet in vin- 
dication of his N. Mem. I found the History in the Congressional Library, Wash- 
ington, and searched it for the name of Joseph Atkins, but in vain. 1 also looked 
throufch (in tlie Astor Library) Chambei-lnyne's fJcnei'al List of Officoi's. Groat Brit- 
ain, for most of tlic years 1700 to 17'27. but aaaiii in vniii. 


There is a tradition cropping out several times that he came 
to New Enghmd as early as 1710, that he was "a noted cap- 
tain in the merchants service," that he procured on this coast 
and conveyed to Enghind timbers for ship-building (masts). In 
the N. E. Hist, and Gen. Register V. 30, p. 42, is a list of 
''Vessels entered in ye Month of May 1712, Impost Office, Bos- 
ton, May 29. Joseph Atkins. Ye Pink Sarah, from Newfound- 
land. No passengers. " The word Pink applies probably not 
to color but to the kind of small vessel formerly so called. 
Sara was the name of our Joseph's mother at Sandwich, and 
not improbably this was our ancestor at the age of 32, master of 
a coasting pink which he had named after his mother. 

With the army sent to reduce Annapolis — then Port Royal — , 
Nova Scotia, in 1707 was "The Adventure, Capt. Atkins, 2 
men," a tiny craft indeed. Reference to my section on other 
A's. in America shows several who might have commanded the 
Adventure. I have no evidence that he was interested in ships 
or navigation after his arrival at Newbury in 1728, unless the 
several wharfs he owned pointed that way. 

It is said that he came from the Isle of Wight to Massachu- 
setts, bringing a wife and two sons, Joseph and William, aged 
then twenty-two and seventeen respectively. Also, that the 
first wife's name was Strover (sometimes written Strober) and 
that she died soon after arriving. Where she was buried does 
not appear; St. Paul's yard did not exist then, and such lists as 
1 have seen of burials at Queen Anne's chapel omit her name. 
Indeed, I have serious doubt if she came to America, for Jos- 
eph Atkins was a punctilious man who would have taken care 
to respect the sepulchre of his former consort — perhaps to the 
extent of placing it in St. Paul's after the older chapel fell into 
decay. I have made diligent search for the name Strover in 
county histories in England, especially in Kent and at Sand- 
wich, and in the Isle of Wight, but nowhere could the name be 
found. The nearest approach was the name Strode in Sand- 
wich where John Strode was a Burgess of Parliament. 

That Joseph Atkins was a person of presentable appearance 
and capable of advantageously putting his claim to recognition 
by the best society of Newburyport may be regarded as well 
vouched for bj' his prompt alliance with Mary, daughter of the 
late Governor, Joseph Dudley, and relict of Francis Wain- 
wriofht, merchant. 


Her distinguished brother, Chief Justice Paul Dudley, was 
doubtless her adviser, and on the birth of the only child of this 
marriage presented it the silver porringer elsewhere mentioned. 
The Captain was made welcome in the home of the able diarist- 
jurist, Samuel Sewall, as entries in the Judge's journal attest. 
1732, May 9, ''Brother and sister Atkins came to my House 
with son Dudley and Maid on the 11th." June 5, "After Din- 
ner Brother and sister Atkins with son and maid went in sloop 
to Newbury." 

Miss Searle pictures the couple as follows: "Capt. Atkins had 
a large property, or what was considered such at that time and 
place. His wife was one of the first ladies of the town in 
manners and descent, and the old people quite took rank of all 
who were about them. Yet, possessing much kindness of heart, 
they bore their faculties so meekly as to win the affection, 
while they commanded the resjiect, of all their dependents and 
and associates. The old gentleman was fond of keeping up all 
the forms and ceremonies of life, and, not having a very strong 
mind or one nmch enlarged by cultivation, he naturally attach- 
ed an undue value to these things; yet he was so much esteem- 
ed that all were willing to conform to his whims, even if they 
were sharp sighted enough to perceive that they were such. 
Many, no doubt, were too much dazzled by the gold headed 
cane, white gloves and ruffles over the hand to suspect that the 
wearer magnified their importance.* He came to enjoy, not to 
make, his fortune, brought with him English habits and man- 
ners and became a member of the English church where his 
family attended with him." Sarah Kent was from twenty to 
forty years in contact with this couple and doubtless painted 
accurate portraits of them to the young Lucy Searle. 

However, it is probable that the stories of eccentricity, or 
even of peculiarities suggesting a weak mind, that float in 
the family lore, pertain chiefly to his last decade of life, when, 
viewing the decaying faculties, one might easily pardon the old 
gentleman's simple pride as he displayed to friends his velvet 
waistcoat which was made of velvet all the way round instead 
of merely in front as other men's were. 

*On page 109 of Mrs. Ticknor's delightful memoir of her parents, by a mishap, 
the word Dudley was substituted for Atlvins in a paragraph which is based on Miss 
Searle's description here of Joseph and Mary Atkins. 


Cominof with fixed English habits of thought and manner, of 
Episcopal birth and breeding, a sailor, with the shyness bred of 
isolation on quarter deck and cabin, it is probable that in these 
circumstances rather than in lack of ability or real interest in 
colonial affairs that we miss him in the public life of the com- 
munity. He was a stanch supporter of the forms of his moth- 
er church in Newbury, whose history in brief is that about 1712 
the people of the West precinct disagreed as to the location for 
their meetinghouse (Congregational); "a respectable minority" 
objecting to the site, separated and erected a small church on 
the Plains, but being by law compelled to assist in supporting 
the old church — as of their own faith, — they decided to attach 
themselves to the Church of England. Sustaining sundry an- 
noyances, ihey secured their legal freedom only in 1722. But 
the "water-side people" wished to erect another building at the 
denser center of settlement The Rev. Matthias Plant came 
in 1722 to the charge of Queen Anne's Chapel on the 
Plains and upon the desire arising for another church, he says in 
his diary — largely devoted to earthquakes which were frequent 
in those years, and to ecclesiastical agitations which were per- 
ennial — "Joseph Atkins, esquire, offered to give fifty pounds 
towards building a new church by the water side and I propos- 

^ed to give the same 
sum." In 1738 the erec- 
tion began, the occupa- 
tion in 1740. Mr Bass, 
i "^POQPQ recently from Harvard, 

l-fC\^MJ&K3J came as assistant in 1751, 

and after a long ministry became the first bishop of Massachu- 
setts. In 1800 St. Paul's was rebuilt in its present shape. 

Though perhaps only conventional, the sentences opening his 
will are full of piety, and later in the same document his inter- 
est in St. Paul's is renewed where whatever claims he holds up- 
on the church, as "in pews or debts or demands" he gives to it 
"to be applied towards building a steeple." 

How he employed his earlier years in Massachusetts does not 
appear, but his property specified in 1755 suggests certain occu- 
paticm, though probably by that time (his 75th year) William had 

*Fac-sinnle from the original of Joseph Atkins' will on file at Salem. Mass. 


assumed the chief business engao^ements once resting on the 
Captain. His will drawn in that year gives us some opportun- 
ity to judge of his property. He mentions his mansion house 
and appurtenances; the house he bought of John Stocker with 
barns and lands, where Dudley lived; the house bought of Wm. 
Walker in which William lived; a distilling house equipped 
with stills, cisterns and utensils of every kind and land there- 
with;* a wharf and warehouses there<m, upon which the two 
sons were to pay the widow ten pounds a year; a wharf and the 
"Oyl Mill" on it and adjacent land; certain rights in Queen's 
Wharfe which in 1738 the town granted him and others permiss- 
ion to build at the foot of the present Market Street; certain 
land described as "four flatt lotts" against his house; outstand- 
ing loans; "bonds and notes of hand I shall leave;" money in 
the hands of Mr. Thomas Lane merchant in London ; the slaves 
Jude and Jack; a horse and chaise; several pews in the Episcopal 
and Congregational churches; a good stock of books, furniture 
and various bits of personal property. The negros were valued 
at £40 to £50 each.f The sums of money ordered for mourn- 
ing, £20 to his wife, £10 each to three sons, and to Chambers 
Russell and wife, £7 slO to each grandchild, legacies of £40 to 
each grandchild, etc., indicate as immediately available consider- 
able amounts of cash and that worth much more than its numer- 
ical equivalent in the Newburyport of to-day with its steam cars 
and electric lights. 
Portraits in oil of Joseph and his wife Mary, rather crudely 

*Liquor. The better classes of to-day need historical prodding to remind them that 
the manufacture, sale, and use of alcoholic stiinulaiits were reg^arded as such a mat- 
ter of course in that century, that no one tliouy^hl of critiiMzinsotlier than excessive 
drunkenness. Coffin says. "In the printed projiramme of tlie procession which hon- 
ored general Wasliington with an escort in 1789 [wlien he visited Newburyport], a 
conspicuous place was assigned to the 'distillers' who were then a numerous body 
of men," and tlieie were then ten or twelve distilleries in town In 1845 there was 
but one. 

tSlavery. The several histories of Newbury have dwelt upon the details of slave 
owning there in the last century. Not only were negroes held in bondage, but In- 
dians— "lawfuU captives taken in just warres"— , "Scots lirought hither and sold for 
servants in the time of the war with Scotland," and "about halfe so many Irish 
brought hither at several times as servants," (Letter of Gov. Simon Bradstreet, 
1680, to privy council). There were never many slaves in or about Newbury— as late 
as 1755 that place "had but 50 slaves all told, Negroes and Indians"—, and though 
there were various colonial enactments against slavery, the best people occasion- 
ally held slaves. A decision of the Commonwealth Supreme Court in 1781 termin- 
ated the system. 



finished, were 

pjiinted in 1758 and are still extant. One large 
silver spoon, known to have been his, 
is owned by Miss Mary R. Curson, 
It bears the crest, "a pelican wound- 
ing herself." No reason remains for 
his use of this device, if indeed, it was 
engraved at his order. We do not 
know that he used any coat of arms, 
while that used by his grandson (D. 
A T.) bore as crest two greyhounds' heads. The only Atkins 
family in Great Britain having the pelican device (the Water- 
park family, Ireland) had a diiferent coat of arms. 

This Stone 
Is erected to the Memory 

Joseph Atkins Esquire 
One of the Founders and a Generous Benefactor of this Church, 
An eminent Merchant in this town, and highly es- 
teemed by those who knew him. He 
departed this life Jan. 21, 
1773. ^Etat 92. 



In the Name of God. Amen. I, Joseph Atkins of Newbury, 
in the County of Essex, and Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
in New England Esquire being in good health and of a sound 
mind and memory (Thanks I give to God for the same) Do now 
make and ordain this my last Will and Testament. And I now 
resign my soul to God who gave it whenever it shall please 
him in his over ruling Providence to put an end to my days in 
this world, hoping to obtain mercy and forgiveness of all my 
sins through the intercession of Jesus Christ who died for me. 
And as touching my body my will and pleasure is that it be de- 
cently buried at the west end of St Pauls church yard in the 
aforesaid Town of Newbury, and that a tomb be put over my 
grave containing six stones agreable to a model I have in my 

And as to such worldly estate as it hath pleased God to bless 
me with, I dispose of the same in the manner following viz. 

Imprimis. I give and bequeath to my beloved wife Mary 
Atkins (after all my legacies and funeral charges are paid) one 
half of my mansion house out houses and barn and one half of 
all my land I bought of Mr. Samuel Bartlett all within fence 
during her life, if she shall so long continue my widow. But if 
she marrys again my will is that she shall leave my mansion 
house etc the one half thereof to the immediate possession of my 
son Dudley to whom I give the same in manner as is hereafter 
expressed. And in this case upon my said wifes removal I 
order my said son Dudley to pay his honoured mother aforesaid 
one hundred pounds lawful money if she requests it of him. 
And if my said wife never marrys again I order my two sons 
V/illiam and Dudley to pay their honoured mother afores'd for 
the use of the wharf and the ware houses on the wharf ten pounds 
lawful money yearly during her natural life and widowhood and 
untill she shall marry I further give to my s'd beloved wife one 
half of all my household goods and the five Volm's of Mrs. [Mat- 

* A literal copy. 


thew] Henrey* Expositions of the Bible and one half of all my 
household plate that shall be in my house at the time of my 
decease and which now contains three hundred and seventy 
ounces of silver I also give her one half of all the cash I may 
have in my house at my decease with one half of the amount of 
all bonds and notes of hand I shall leave and one half of all my 
outstanding debts As also one half of all the money I may 
have in the hands of Mr. Thomas Lane merchant in London or in 
the hands of his Exec'rs or Adm's at the time of my decease. I 
also give my beloved wife my servant Jude and my horse and 
chaise my pew in Mr. Lowells meeting house so called. 

Item. I do give and bequeath unto my eldest son Joseph 
Atkins the house I bought of Mr. John Stocker at present oc- 
cupied by my son Dudley and John Stone with the barn and 
all the land there to appertaining and is within fence. I also 
give him my right and a half right in Queen wharfe in the Town 
of Newbury afores'd with my ware house on said wharfe to hold 
the afore mentioned premises during his natural life and if my 
said son Joseph shall marry again and have a male heir or heirs 
lawfully begotten. Then 1 give the above after his decease to 
such male heir or heirs in fee simple and if he should not have 
such male heir or heirs but should have heirs female, for want 
of such heirs male I give the same to the females in fee as afores'd. 
But in case my said son Joseph shall die and leave neither son or 
daughter to be his heirs male and female as aforesaid. Then I do 
give and bequeath the aforesaid house and land wharfe and ware 
house to my grand daughter Abigail Atkins and to her heirs and 
assigns forever if she be then liveing. I also give my said son 
Joseph one quarter part of all my household goods that may be 
in my house at my decease knowing that if my son Dudley 
shall outlive me he will bring more goodsto the house than will 
be needfull for the house. I also give unto my son Joseph one 
sixth part of all my household plate that may be in my house 
at my decease with a sixth part of all the cash I may have in my 
house at my decease (after all my legacies and funeral charges 
are paid) with a sixth part of all the bonds notes of hand and 

*Matthew Henry, 1662-1714: Exposition of tlie Old and New Testament, "a commen- 
tary of a practical and devotional rather tlian of a critical kind" with "singular 
felicity of practical application" and "well-sustained flow of its racy English 
style", securing it deservedly "the foremost place among works of its class."— En- 
cyclopaBdia Britannica. 


outstanding de})ts that may be then due, I also give to my son 
Joseph one half of all my wearing apparrell one half of my 
shirts neck cloths and one third part of all my books in the 
book case and all my mathematicall instruments that may be in 
my house at my decease I also absolutely give to my son Joseph 
that pew in Saint Pauls church I took for a debt of Captain 
James Simmonds. 

Item. I do give and bequeath unto my son William Atkins 
the house and place he now lives on and which I bought of Mr. 
William Walker the wharf and the Oyl Mill on the wharf and all 
the land within fence to him and his heirs forever. I also now 
confirm unto my said son William my gift of the use and im- 
provement of the distilling house with all the stills, cisterns, 
utensils of every kind and the land under the distilling house 
equal with his brother Dudley for the time the distilling busi- 
ness is carried on by them in partnership and during his natural 
life and the use of the wharf and warehouses on the wharf as long 
as the distilling business shall be carried on in partnership as 
aforesaid hereby obliging him w'th his brother Dudley to pay 
their honoured mother ten pounds a year, yearly during her 
widowhood for the use of the wharfe and warehouses aforesaid 
as I have before ordered. I also give unto my said son William 
one sixth part of all my household plate, a sixth part of all uiy 
cash that I may have in my house at my decease a sixth part of 
the amount of all bonds notes of hand and outstanding debts that 
may be good funeral charges and legacies being first paid. I 
also give my son William one quarter part of my wearing appar- 
rell one third part of all my books in tuy hook case with one 
half of the money I may have in Mr. Thomas Lanes hands mer- 
chant in London equal w'th his honoured mother after funeral 
charges and legacies are paid. 

Item I order that my son Dudley Atkins at my decease 
come in the possession of one half of my mansion house barn and 
out houses and of half of the land I bought of Mr. SamP Bart- 
lett. The half at present and the whole of all which at his 
mother's decease or marriage again, together with the peice of 
land lying between the house called the cooperage and Mr. 
Coflens house down to the street or highway I give and bequeath 
unto my said son Dudley and to his heirs male of his body lawfully 
begotten I also give my son Dudley the four fiatt lotts against 
my house viz. that I bought of Mr. Moody No. 199 and No. 



200 that I bought of Mr. Poore and No. 201 that I bought of 
Jonathan Dole and No. 202 that I bought of Benjamin Lunt as 
by the several deeds will appear and I also confirm unto him 
the use and improvement of the distilling house stills cisterns 
utensils of every kind and the land under ye house with the use 
of the wharf and warehouses (which I appropriate to the use 
of the distilling house as long as the business is carried on) equal 
with his brother William. But if the distilling business is laid 
aside or at the death of ray son William Then my will is that 
my son Dudley shall have and in that case I do here give and 
bequeath him the afores'd distilling house stills and all the uten- 
sdls in fee simple but the warehouses the wharf adjoyning flatts 
and all the appurtenances and the flatt lotts numbered as afores'd 
to his heirs male of his body lawfully begotten but hereby or- 
dering him to pay at his brother Williams decease his sM broth- 
ers executors or Adm's for the use of his estate two hundred 
pounds lawful money. 

I also give unto my said son Dudley one sixth part of all my 
household plate that may be in my house at my decease one 
quarter part of all my household goods in my house at my de- 
cease with one sixth part of all my cash I shall leave in my 
house also one sixth part of the amount of all my bonds and 
notes of hand and of all my out standing debts that may be due 
at my decease after all my funeral charges and legacies are paid 
and I now give unto my said S(m Dudley my man Jack if then 
alive and my riding chair and all the utensils to it belonging I also 
give him the pew he now sits in in St Pauls church I also give 
him my silver watch my silver hilted sword ray silver snuff box 
ray silver spurrs and all ray fire arras and whattothera belongs. 
I also give hira the two voluraes of Chamber's Dictionary and 
one third part of all ray books in ray book-case and one quarter 
part of my wearing apparrell and my will is that if my said son 
Dudley shall die and leave no male heir of his body lawfully 
begotten and my son William shall have and leave a male heir 
of his body lawfully begotten then I give ray afores'd. raansion 
house out houses barns and all ye land I bought of Bartlettthe flatt 
lots wharfe and warehouses adjoyning to such raale heir of ray 
said son William and to his male heirs of his body lawfully be- 
gotten. And I desire that all those that shall watch with me in 
my last sickness may have a pair of gloves each and I give the 


minister that attends my funeral a ring and a pair of gloves arid 
all my bearers the same and as many of our relations as my wife 
shall think proper to give to. And I order that my beloved 
wife shall have the sum of twenty pounds lawful money allowed 
her for a suit of mourning and my son Joseph ten pounds for 
his mourning, and my sons William and Dudley ten pounds each 
for their mourning and ten pounds for each of their wives 
mourning and each of my grand children I appoint to have 
seven pounds ten shillings a peice for their mourning and I 
give to the Honourable Chambers Kussell Esq. ten i>ounds and 
to his Lady ten pounds for mourning. And I give to each of 
my grand children as a legacy forty pounds lawful money 
each. And whatever right I may have in St. Pauls church in 
Newbury undisposed off in pews or any debts or demands on 
said church I give the same as a present to the church meeting 
there to be applied towards building a steeple. 

And I do appoint my said wife and my said two sons William 
and Dudley to be executors of this my last will and testament 
joyntly and I direct that all my books of accounts and accounts 
shall be put into a box made for that purpose and be kept by 
my son William but he at all times must be ready and willing 
to let his honoured mother or his brother Dudley to see any 
book or account in his keeping and my will is that firstly my 
beloved wife and then my son William have the preheminence 
in managing and transacting the affairs of this my last will. 

And I now declare this to be my last will and testament here- 
by revoking and renouncing all others heretofore by me made. 

In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed 
my seal this tenth day of April in the year of our Lord Christ 
1755. Jos. Atkins (seal) 

Signed sealed published and pronounced by Joseph Atkins 
Esq. to be his last will and testament in the presence of 

Edward Bass Sworn 28 Feb. 1773 

Abel Somerby 

Danl Farnum Sworn 23 Feb. 1773 

For Sundry good risons and causes to me nowing I due give 
unto my son William the rent of the house he lives and has 


lived in since the year 1737 to this Date, and for the time to 
come, his keeping the same in good repear 

Wittness my hand Newbury ye 14th of July 1761. 

Jos. Atkins. 

Will proved Feb. 23, 1773 Rec. (O. S.) B. 48 P. 13. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
Essex, ss. Probate Office, May 7, 1879. 
A true copy of record in this office. 
Attest. J. T. Mahoney, Register. 



Joseph Atkins, the second of the name, came to Nevvbnry in 
1728 at the age of 22. That he had been married* prior to 
1Y55 and had no consort at that date is conveyed by his father's 
will; that he was a mariner is the statement of his own will. 

He does not specify his own wealth, but makes William, his 
younger brother, his sole heir.f He died Feb. 6th, 1782, aged 
76 years, and is styled Captain on his tombstone. Apparently he 
lacked interest in his half-brother's family, whom he might have 
helped in their low estate, and to have shared their disfavor with 
his brother: It has been supposed that he was in Halifax, N. S., 
during the revolution as a Joseph Atkins was there then, but 
the other Josephs must be remembered, and our nearer and 
worthier Jos. A., 3d, for instance, was also a traveler on the 
seas in the same epoch 

♦Through the courtesy of my cousin Mr. Storrow Higsinson. I have been furnished 
with transcripts of some curious old documents on file in the Massachusetts State 
House, Boston. 

It seems that in 1748 this Joseph Atliins, specified as son of Esquire At kins of New- 
hury, petitioned Gov. Shirley and His Majesty's Council for absolute divorce from 
one Ruth Doliber whom he had wedded in 1735, on the ground that, though he had 
never in his seafaring "been absent beyond seas more than one year at a time." and 
was in Boston, his place of residence, as she well knew, she had in July 174« married 
again "privately and clandestinely together with one Samuel Page." 

The Governor and Council having ordered Kuth served with a copy of Joseph's 
petition .she responds that in 1741 he left her and his family in ]Marl)lehead and 
"went to .some place beyond .sea" and remained ab.sent until July, 174^; moreover 
in Nov. 1747 she had news that he had died of yellow fever in New York City the 
previous September, making a show of substantiating her assertions by some very 
loose-jointed testimony from other parties, which is given and is quaint and droll. 

I regret to state, to the disadvantage of my not highly esteemed collateral ances. 
tor, that His Excellency and His Majesty's Council "ordered that this Petition be 
dismis.sed," and so apparently ended this Enoch-Arden-like episode with all pathos 

+Miss Mary R. Curson mentions visiting an elderly Miss Bettie Atkins in her child- 
hood whom she supposed to be a daughter of Wm. Atkins, but adds "but lately in 
old letters I found that Mrs. Eliot and some others supported her in her last years 
and my father acted as their agent. She was a daughter of Joseph Atkins." 

The o vinculo proceedings mentioned in another footnote I'ofer to his family in 
Marblehead whence probably this dauglitcr came to Xewburyport. 



cS s O 



cc (M C/3 «5 


ace , 




">:" . 

ll T* 


iz. ^ M c 



(r2 a 

■fi nzi -S O 
c3 aS^!? a 



a bi) 


Cj ri a 


-^ 3 o > 

W ^ go 




William Atkins, younger son of our Joseph, came to New- 
bury with his father in 1728, being then aged 17 years. He 
was- probably born in England, the mythical Strover being his 
mother. Of his youth I have only this glimpse from an old 
diary in the Hale family, "At our house to-day Miss Mary 
Wainwright, Chambers Russell and Will Adkins riding from 
Ipswich to the Port, came to warm by the fire," pleasant and 
elevating companions, at least, the loveable daughter of his 
step-mother and the clever man she later married. 

Some time before 1738 he married Abigail Beck, who was 
born June 22, 1719, was of a family in America since 1635, and 
was the daughter of Joshua and Abigail Daniels Beck of New- 
bury. William was a merchant, probably associated with his 
father in various enterprises, and was not without interest in the 
general aflairs of the town. His name was first on the list of 
petitioners to the general court who, in 1763 desired to be '"set 
oft' from Newbury and incorporated a town by themselves," the 
origin of Newburyport; and in 1774 he was included in a Com- 
mittee of Safety and Correspondence with the most notable men 
of the place. Coffin mentions that esquire Atkins and esquire 
Dalton always gave a dollar apiece — implying a liberal contri- 
bution — to the youth of the town towards the expenses of their 
Guy Faux celebration ''the fifth of November," a merry making 
interrupted l)y the authorities, as to its nocturnal features, in 
Oct. '74, and not long after abandoned. "He built a house near 
where the present custom house stands, a handsome Colonial 
mansion, with wainscotted rooms, deep window seats, broad 
stone hearths, and fireplaces decorated with Dutch tiles depict- 
ing Scripture scenes." — Emery. It was burned in the great 
fire of 1811. 

His will shows six daughtei-s who lived to maturity, as mark- 


ed on the chart. The only reference to a son that I have found 
is in Miss Emery's book, one William, lost at sea. The will 
gives no indication of the value of his property, as he merely 
orders one third of his estate given to each of three unmarried 
daughters, Mary, Elizabeth, and Hannah. Abigail had received 
her share at her marriage to Mr. Cutler and her grandfather 
Atkins had given her a house and land: Susannah had hers at 
her marriage to Dr. Colman, and Sarah, who seems to have 
died before her father, having also similarly received her share, 
was represented in legacies to her children. Susaimah's hus- 
band, Samuel Colman, born 1762, practiced medicine in Au- 
gusta, Maine, but later was a teacher in Newburyport where ho 
died in 1810. ''Aunt Doctor (as the widow of S. C. was usu- 
ally termed,) a stout, dignified lady, became remarkably genial; 
her daughter Mary Ann, the distinguished teacher, in a quiet 
way added much to the conversation; her second daughter. Han- 
nah, afterwards Mrs. Wait of Baltimore, a groat beauty, h)oked 
unusually lovely."— Emery. Of this family, Samuel Colman, 
born 1832, obtained considerable distinction as an artist. Miss 
Emery gives an outline of his career: Went abroad in I860, 
studying in Paris and Spain; was made a member of the Nation- 
al Academy in 1864; president of the American Water Color So- 
ciety in 1866; resigned in 1872 and went abroad spending some 
years in the principal cities of Europe; married in 1862. Some 
years ago I addressed him hoping that his family records might 
give a hint as to the English origin of William and Joseph At- 
kins, but he replied that his father's papers had been destroyed, 
and he himself was ignorant of the remoter family history. 

I have not cared to trace with great accuracy the history of 
William Atkins' descendants, doubtless very worthy people. 
The chart suggests the possibility of their being very numerous. 
Not without a smile I notice that there seems to have been a 
decided antipathy entertained by the widow and descendants of 
Dudley Atkins towards William Atkins and his family; a lack 
of esteem punctuated by such phrases as "the Billy Atkins peo- 
ple", and with traces lingering to this day in the vexation felt 
over the loss of St. Paul's quaint and ancient communion service 
and other plate through the oflSciousness of a great great grand- 
daughter of William A., who insisted that this priceless plate 
should be kept in the sanctuary where its functions pertained 


rather than in private houses where for two centuries it had 
been cherished. It was speedily stolen.* 

But it is probable that William Atkins, with his inheritance 
from thrifty but not highly cultivated sailor stock, was lacking 
in the social graces which rendered so charming Massachusetts 
society in those days, and that a certain brusqueness of manner 
not always under the restraint of a not too clever intellect may 
have charged the other branch with a disapprobation of him and 
his children hardly deserved. He was a hearty supporter of the 
Episcopal church. In 1788 he died, aged 77 years, his wife, 
Abigail, having died at the age of 68 two years before; both 
were interred in St. Paul's church yard. 

Reference to his father's will shows the share of the estate 
that fell to him, he doubtless receiving Dudley's share also, 
while he was the sole heir of his brother Joseph. 

*Tlie plate consisted of a lar^re silver christening basin, and two pieces of the 
communion sei vice, a flagon, with this inscription, "The gift of K. William and Q. 
Mary to the Rev. Samuel Myles, for the use of their Majesties' Chappell in New En- 
gland. 1694." and a chalice marked. "Ex dono Johannis Mills 1693." 



(Mrs. Joseph Atkins.) 

The sequelae of matrimonial alliances are so certain and so 
far reaching that, for intelligent folk, questions of health, 
wealth, social standing, personal eccentricity, personal beauty 
for the coming generations, are not without serious considera- 
tion, and should not be. Glancing backwards from our day to 
theirs, we may ask whether the connection of Joseph Atkins with 
such a woman as Mary Dudley — the daughter and granddaugh- 
ter of two shrewd, hardheaded, well educated colonial govern- 
ors, the niece of another governor and his wife the poet, the sis- 
ter of an astute and learned jurist, the widow of a college-bred 
man, accustomed to the best that society aflbrded in those 
days — should not be regarded as of singularly great importance 
to his descendants. Although evidence does not accumulate to 
prove that she herself was either handsome or brilliant, wise or 
wealthy, her possessions of every lasting sort, wo may well be- 
lieve, were of inestimable value to ensuing generations, though, 
indeed, I have ever considered the entrance of Sarah Kent, with 
her Tyng-Savage-Gookin descent, into the Atkins line as of 
equally great significance to us as that of the late Governor's 

She was born Nov. 2, 1692, the youngest child of thirteen, 
and must have seen much less of her father than the others, as 
he was in England during much of her childhood, but not less 
of her excellent Tyng mother Of her education we know noth- 
ing, but the surmises of a descendant, apropos of two portraits, 
have amused my fancy. "The portrait we have is of a young 
woman, and we have always heard that Mary Dudley was only 
fifteen when the picture was painted and that her father at that 
time had the pictures of his four daughters painted at his own 
house before the marriage of either." A copy before me shows 
a long faced, rather plain young woman, taken one might imag- 
ine not long after an illness. "The other picture represents a 
grave looking old lady who holds a copy of 'Mrs. Rowe's Let- 

1692— 1774. 


ters to Younf^ Ladies'," whence her descendant quizzically sug- 
j:ests that she probably knew how to read; while, from the fact 
that Mary Russell never mentions in her letters the receipt of 
letters from her mother, and messages are sent from the latter to 
the bright daughter in Boston, the inference is drawn that the 
senior could not write. But everyone knows the frequent dis- 
relish in elderly women for writing and the approach to incapac- 
ity resulting. I wish we had her comments in writing on her 
relations with Joseph Atkins in 1729-30. 

At the age of 20, Jan. 1, 1713, she was married to Francis 
Wainwright, a member of a highly intelligent and respectable 
family, already three or four generations from England, a 
graduate of Harvard (1707), and a merchant, who died after but 
nine years of wedded life (Sept. 4, 1722). To them were born 
two children, John (1714 — 1736), who was graduated at Harvard 
1734, and Mary, born in Boston July 29, 1716. This "very 
beautiful and lovely women," Mary Wainwright, partly from 
being nearer us, partly from excelling her mother in lively grace 
of mind and manner, and leaving letters and personal relics, left 
clearer traces in the family traditions. Early associated with 
the gifted Chambers Russell, whom she later married, living 
more in the greater colonial centres, and leaving pleasant memor- 
ies through Sarah Atkins and her children (having none of her 
own, unfortunately), we have naturally regarded her with except- 
ional interest. Her husband, who was from Ashford Hall, Eng- 
land, was graduated at Harvard 1731, and was Judge of Admiralty 
for Mass., R. I. and N. H. under Geo. II, and Judge of the 
Superior Court, where he had but one decision reversed in a 
very hmg term of service. He died in 1767 and his wife the 
year before in London, where she lies buried in Bunhill 
Field. Joseph Atkins remembered them both in his will and 
Paul Dudley left the good lady £50. 

It does not appear whether Mary Dudley brought any prop- 
erty to her second husband. Her father gave her something at 
her marriage to Francis Wainwright and one hundred pounds at 
his death, and further provided that if Mr. Wainwright died or 
became incapable of business she was to have twenty pounds 
per annum during her widowhood or his incapacity. Referen- 
ces to her occur in the Sewall diavy but not such as to do more 
than illustrate the good company she kept. Her brother Paul 


left her £' 10 for a suit of mourning, and Lucy his widow I)e. 
queathed her "her picture [M. D. A's. apparently] and Dr. Cox's 
picture and a mourning Ring." Her husband's epitaph is fol- 
lowed by this additional inscription: 

The Virtuous and amiable Relick of Joseph Atkins, P^sq., And 
Daughter of His Excellency Joseph Dudley. She died Novem- 
ber 12th 1774, aged 82. 

As we cannot know much of her personally, it remains a 
pleasing fact that her social advantages were of the highest sort. 
Interchange of hospitality was constant in those tine old houses, 
and we know that she shared in it. Her very handsome brother 
Paul (1675-1751), having been graduated at Harvard 1690, A. 
M., 1693, was bred to the law, finishing at the Inner Temple, 
London. He returned to America in 1701 commissioned as 
Attorney General of the Province He was Speaker of the 
House, later Judge of the Superior Court of Judicature, and in 
1745 raised to the Chief- Justiceship. He was a man of sterling 
uprightness, a judge of dignity and impartial ruling, a jurist by 
whom the best laws enacted in his time were often suggest- 
ed. A later judge, Sewall, wrote of him, "While with pure 
hands and an upright heart, he administered justice in his cir- 
cuit through the Province, he gained the general e>teem and 
veneration of the people." He was a prolific writer, especially 
on the natural history of New England, and upon the Indians, 
and endowed Harvard with a lecture fund, whose use has been 
recently revived. His wife, Lucy Wainwright, who lived to 
the age of 72, was noted for her cleverness of mind, her "heav. 
enly temper", and her many "shining graces." 

Another brother, Hon. William Dudley (1686—1747), Har- 
vard 1704, was also educated in the law, and filled many high 
offices in the Colony, being "an admirable speaker, brilliant, elo- 
quent, and possessing extensive knowledge and strong intellect- 
ual powers." (D. D.) His wife was an Addington, of a fam- 
ily of juridical fame. His library contained, "A French Bible 
and 9 volumes in French; 40 volumes on different subjects, 
French" — a glimpse at his culture. 

The Wainwrights also were people of wealth, cultivation and 
refinement, and the Sewalls, one of whom married Mary's sister 
Rebecca in 1702, produced men of note in the learning and af- 
fairs of the day. Another sister married Governor Dummer. 


1714,— a pair standins^ high in Colonial society; and still anoth- 
er married John Winthrop, F. R. S., grandson of the celebrated 
pilgrim governor. Into this choice and high bred circle was 
born the little Dudley Atkins. 



Dudley Atkins was the first American born of this Sandwich. 
England, line; his parents (J. A. and M. D. W.) were aged 
respectively 51 and 39 years, a possible disadvantage ; the dsite 
of his birth was January (probably), 1731. That his appear- 
ance was kindly regarded is instanced by the silver porringer in 
my possession given this little scion of the Dudley and Atkins 
races by his very able and amiable uncle Paul Dudley. Chief 
Justice of the Colony. It is inscribed " P. D. to D. A." 

Judge Sewall casually mentions the child in his diary : 1732, 
May 9, '-Brother and sister Atkins came to my House with 
son Dudley and maid on the Uth." June 5, "After dinner 
Brother and sister Atkins with son and maid went in sloop to 
Newbury." The boy was fortunate in escaping the fearful pes- 
tilence of 1735 which (was renewed in 1738 and ) was probably 
a virulent form of diptheria and slaughtered an enormous 
number of children in and about Newbury. Mrs. Atkins' first 
husband's son, John Wainwright, was a student at Harv.ird, and 
her daughter Mary W. was but 15 years old when the new son 
came, and, with her noted cheerfulness of disposition doubtless 
aided the parents in somewhat spoiling and incapacitating for 
business this only child of their middle age." 

Good schools were kept from earliest days in old Newbury, 
and Latin was taught, though once the General Court put a fine 
upon the town for not maintaining a L itin School, and Dudley 
doubtless received his preparatory schooling near home. Ri was 
graduated from Harvard College in 1748, at the age of 17, and 
in a class showing an unusually small amount of distincticm in 
subsequent years. + 

After this course he probably had no strict business training 
such as the merchants of the busy port of Newbury were amply 
able to furnish, and it is possible a doting father encouraged 

*()f n. A. MissSeiirlf wrote. "bLMnsliiiiidsonu' and iMisafriiiK in liis iii:miii'i-s. [hv] 
A MS. of I'oiiisf. the oli.iectof iiiucli tfiideriK'ss and consUU'riition. " 

• I liiivc liisc<)i)y of "Watts oil tlu> Mind." tlio socoiid edition. 174:!. on tin- titli" pau'f 
,f vvl.i.'liis u I itt'cii ■■ Dndl.'V Atkins liis Watts." from \vlii,-li 1 liavctalvrn tliis fa." 

DUDLEY ATKINS, 1731-1767, 



dependence on him. Hence his business ventures were de- 
sultory and his speculations unprofitable. He was undoubtedly 
a gentlesnan of culture and relinenient, and so regarded by his 
townsmen, and was "of a generous, genial nature " ( Mrs. Tick- 
nor). With the elevated society of the Se walls, Russells, 
Wainwrights, Dudleys, Kents, in his earlier days, and the Jack- 
sons, Daltons, Parsonses and others* later, his social standing 
was agreeable and assured. On the 4th of May, 1752 he was 
united in marriage with Sarah Kent, a most profitable match 
as regards the introduction of every virtue into his family. He 
was a warden of St. Paul's church and a hearty supporter of 
it at a time when Episcopacy had much to repress it in New 
England. Though not participating extensively in public af- 
fairs, he was Assessor in 1764, Selectman and Moderator in 
1767. Meanwhile, in 1765 we find him representing Newbury 
in the General court at Boston, and the town records report a 
patriotic meeting of his fellow citizens at which breezy senti- 
ments were formulated and forwarded to him, with the instruct- 

*I give brief notes of a very few of tlie citizens whose culture in mind and manners 
contributed to render the society of Newburyport delightful during the 18th 

The Rev. Mr. Lowell was 42 years pastor of tha First Church; '■ a divine of large 
scholarly attainments, extensive reading, and of a liberality of mind unusual to 
the period." D. 1767. The poet was his great grandson. 

Chief Justice .John Lowell, son of the pastor; grad. Harvard 1760, "rose to great 
eminence in the profession, growing in public esteem and the affections of his 
acquaintance as he advanced in life; " moved to Boston 1776. 

Hon. .fonathan Jacicson. "As a patriot he combined tlie qualities wliich form 
tlu' estimable citizen, and rendered him useful as a statesman." A prosperous. 
large stjuled merchant; a Federalist; Member of Continental Congress, 1780; "the 
beau ideal of a gentleman"; held several offices under Washington; Treasurer of 
llaivaid College. Severalof his sons were men of distinction. 

Hon. Joiiatliaii Gi-eenieaf, Shipbuilder; Rapresentative in the General Court. 
" From his great success in circumventing and persuading his political opponents, 
lie received tlie ajipeilation of " -old silver tongue.' " D. 1783. 

Simon Greenleaf the celebrated Jurist, born and educated in Newburyport. 

Nathaniel Tracy, distinguished m^r^hant. born 1749 in Newbury. Harvard, 1769. 
" During the war of 177.5 his privateers were for several years numerous and suc- 
cessful." "He lived in a most magnificent style; he was a gentleman of polished 
manners and fine taste." 

William Bartlett, born 174S. a very wealthy and very benevolent merchant. 

Bishop Edward Bass, D. D. Harvard 1744. In 1851 chosen as Mr. Plant's assistant ; 
III 1796 elected Bishop of Mas.sachusetts. 

Theophilus Pai-sons. liorn 1750. Harvard 1769; Chief Justice of Massachusetts and 
had "a reputation as a .ludge and a lawyer, unequalled in New England and un- 
excelled by any Jurist in the United States." 

Hon. Tristram Dalton, " the most graceful and accomplished manners "; Member 
of State Legislature: United States Senator; "a diligent and accomplished 
scholar"; he "lived on terms of intimate friendship with our first four Presidents 
of the United States": died 1817, aged 79. 


ion that he press the wishes of his constituents against the Stamp 
Act and other tyrannical encroachments of the British ministers. 
"That you will, to the utmost of your ability, use your influence 
in the general assembly that the rights and privileges of this 
province may be preserved inviolate, etc." at considerable 

It is idle to wonder what he, who has been reputed a Tory, 
would do with these vigorous protests with which it may be 

supposed he was at best but in 

<0'f j y /f^ — partial sympathy. 1 do not feel 

S^^^.^!^ey y/V'^^^^'^Z^ sure that had he survived until 
^ the days of Lexington and Con- 

cord he would not have developed into a very fair patriot. 
Probably the loyalist character attaching to him was a tempor- 
ary conservatism, and that the visit of the mob to his house as 
told elsewhere, and his wife's toryism have given him an un- 
patriotic tinge quite undeserved. That he was by the suffrages 
of his fellows both selectman and moderator in the year ol his 
death does not savor of the unpopularity of a Tory. 

Under date of May 19, 1891, Mr. William M. Olin, Secretary 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, wrote in answer to a 
query of mine, "I should say, however, that according to the 
records, Mr. Atkins' position in the House, while always distin- 
guished and honorable, was not a prominent one, no bills having 
been introduced nor important discussions shared by him. Yet 
the confidence in his judgment and integrity entertained by his 
colleagues is evinced by his appointment on numerous commit- 
tees, and in regard to the question of royal encroachment upon 
American rights (r76f>) his vote is recorded among the sturdy 
patriots of the time." 

My cousin, Mr. Storrow Higginson, has furnished me an item- 
ized outline of his committee work May 29, 1765, date of 
opening of session, he was on a comtnittee with James Otis, Mr. 
Cushing, etc., to present Samuel White to His Excellency for 
approbation as Speaker, Other such work was on sale of pub- 
lic lands, regarding seizure of vessels, on the manufacture of 
pot-ash, on the separation of certain towns, definition of bound- 
aries, taxation of non-resident property, on fishing, etc. 'T. 
215, Jan 1, 1766, Vote recorded in affirmative touching matters 
presented by Committee of (xrievances; especially against as- 


sumption of authority by His Majesty's representatives"" (S. H.), 
apparently not the vote of a Tory. That insignificance did not 
attach to his committee service is shown by the distinguished 
names recorded with his in each separate duty. 

There exists a portrait Dudley Atkins, of which I have a helio- 
type copy made by the order of the Rev. Edward C. Guild. It 
was taken late in life by one Johnson and gives a profile view of 
a man with a large round head, full, slightly prominent nose, the 
wig or powdered hair receding much from the curved forehead, 
a queue down the back. Several of his descendants have had 
heads of similar contour. The face shows as much intelligence 
as the full, heavy faces of the 18th century are commonly cap- 
able of showing, and yet happily many of those round, sluggish 
faced gentry so often seen in the portrait galleries of that epoch 
possessed brains that achieved wonders in letters, art, war and 
statesmanship. There is also an air of amiability or even benev- 
olence in this portraiture. 

His father provided well for hiiu in his will, drawn up in 
1755, and left him half the mansion house, barn and outhouses, 
and half of certain land, the other half also to accrue after his 
mother's death. Also several other "peices" of land and num- 
bered lots; "the use and improvement of the distilling house, 
stills, cisterns, utensils of every kind and the land under the 
htmse with the use of the wharf and warehouses equal with his 
brother William," but if the business was discontinued or Wil- 
liam died Dudley was to have the whole establishment, giving 
an equivalent in £200 to William. Also one-sixth of the house- 
hold plate, one-fourth of the household goods, one-sixth part of 
all the cash left in the house, "one-sixth of all my bonds and notes 
of hand and of all my outstanding debts that may be due at my 
decease,'' less funeral expenses. Also "my man Jack if then 
alive," and "my riding chair and all the utensils to it belonging. 
J also give him the pew he now sits in in St. Paul's church. I 
also give him my silver watch, my silver hilled sword, my silver 
snutt-box, my silver spurrs and all ray firearms and what to 
them behmgsf the two volumes of Chamber's Dictionary," one- 

*Ohainl)ei'.s Dictionary, an encyclopedic dictionary, by Epliraini Clianibers. first 
pubii.slied 172K, London, in two folio volumes. It went tiirousjh a series of editions 
in London and on tlie Continent in translations. Iia\ inj; been used as the basis 
of Reed's greater encyclopedia, and Inivinfjtlie lionor to serve as the origin of the 
famous French Encyclopedic. I liave seen ti copy in an eastern library and was 
much imi)resse(l witli tlie mer'its of it. 


third part of all the books in the book case, "one-fourth part 
of my wearing apparrcll," £10 for mourning, as well as £10 
for mourning for each of the sons' wives and to each of the 

But, alas, for all this attempted generosity, the son Dudley 
died first, and Joseph's mind having been in decay for some 
years prior to his death we may suppose him incompetent 
to modify the will which lay unchanged the five remaining 
years of his life. This unhappy combination of circumstances 
diverted all the estate to the first wife's less interesting sons 
William and Joseph, and left Dudley's widow and children in 
penury. Nor did Joseph, whose will bears date 1777, or Wil 
liam, who made his will eleven years later, bequeath a penny to 
these near kinspeople. It has seemed probable to me, especially 
as the earlier generations of Dudley's descendants always re- 
ferred disparagingly to the ''Bdly Atkins" family, that, in spite 
of the elder Joseph's kindly efforts to promote harmony, there 
was little love expended between the progeny of his two wives. 
Indeed, the only record extant of the elder half-brother noticing 
the younger is in the family Bible, still preserved at Newbury- 
port, where the less refined William offended the gentle Sarah 
Kent's sensibilities by inscribing: 

"Dudle}^ Atkins, Senior, Dyed the 24 September 1767 be- 
tween 9. and 10 o'clock a. m. and buryed the 25th by reason he 
could not,be kept, aged 36 yrs and 8 months". 

The stone in St. Paul's yard adds Esquire to his name and 
incorrectly gives him 38 years. 




Among the several excellent women in the family, whether of 
the Atkins blood or married into the line, no other seems to 
have made so large an impress upon the family record as Sarah 
Kent. Others may have shone more brilliantly in the drawing 
rooms of a century back, or may have excelled her in the learn- 
ing derived from books or in that acquired by travel; some surely 
had the personal beauty she lacked, or were happier in length of 
days lived with the husbands of their youth, but it is true that 
the memory of the best and most brilliant has not been cherished 
and treasured as that of this tine old Sarah Kent. 

The cleverest of her daughters dwelling on her merits in a 
letter to me wittily adds, "I h(){)e you will educate your daugh- 
ters to be good grandmothers, for that always seems to me a 
most enviable position, and one very good one sends a light 
through many generations." All who know aught of the family 
history have learned to admire this best of mothers and longest 
remembered of grandmothers. Happily, Miss Lucy Searle, her 
grand daughter, has furnished us with a just and illuminating 
sketch of her life and character, being well able to do so for she 
was sixteen years old and her sister Sarah eighteen when the 
venerable matron died, and both had lived several years under 
her roof. 

Reared in narrow circumstances, yet born of the best stock on 
both sides, with a mother well gifted in intellect and social in cul- 
ture, Sarah's mind developed to better advantage than do the 
minds of many possessing better privileges. Prevented from 
hard study by deficient health, active avocations strengthened 
her body while observation enlarged her mind. "She was not 
handsome even in her youth, having features too large for beauty 
and a cast in her eye which somewhat injured her expression. 
Her tigure was tall and graceful and there was something so 
winning and gracious combined with her spirit and vivacity as 
amply to supply the place of mere symmetry of features" 
(Searle). When still but a girl she showed considerable presence 
of mind and vigor of action under rather trying conditions. 


Remaining up reading late one night when the other inmates of 
the house— all women — were abed, she went to fasten a rear 
door facing on a garden leading to a wharf, when the door sud- 
denly opened and two sailors appeared. Concealing her con- 
viction of their evil intent she firmly demanded their wants, 
when they named some wares of the shop. Leading them 
through the house, the articles were sold them and they were 
ushered into the street, all with such promptness and absence of 
fear as entirely to disconcert the undesirable visitors. 

Her determination to marry no man who was younger then 
herself, an only son, or not definitely employed, was curiously 
overturned in her alliance with Dudley Atkins who combined all 
these disqualifications. Moreover, worshipping under another 
form, she stipulated for freedom to follow her old paths. 

'^But after a separation of only a few Sundays, Madam Kent, 
with a liberality of mind uncommon at that time, entreated her 
daughter if she could do so without great reluctance to leave her 
and accompany her husband to church. She did so and became 
very much attached to the form which was at first unpleasant, and 
it was afterwards observed that few persons appeared to derive 
so great comfort and encouragement or to join with such sincere 
devotion in the service of the sanctuary as Mrs. Atkins. Her's 
was the pure ofiering of the heart, which could ascend from any 
place consecrated to God's service. Her religion was truly prac- 
tical and was exhibited more in the whole conduct of her life, in 
the gratitude, benevolence and cheerful resignation of her feel- 
ings than in words or forms of any kind. Such qualities break 
down all sectarian barriers, and unite in attection those who pos- 
sess the true spirit of Christianity, by whatever name they are 
called. This was strikingly illustrated through Grandmother's 
whole life; her friends belonged to all classes of society and forms 
of faith, and two in whom she entirely confided, and to whom she 
was most sincerely attached, were the venerable Bishop Bass 
and Mr. Gary, the minister of the society [Congregational] to 
which she belonged in her youth. The son of the last men- 
tioned, Rector of King's Chapel, Boston, stood in his father's 
place in her regard and affection, and cheered even her dying 
bed by the expression of his tenderness and veneration. 

"The period of Grandmother's married life was not long and 
was filled with cares and variety of occupation. Her husband 


was unfortunate in many of his speculations, partly from not 
having been bred to business. These disappointments were 
severely felt by him; he was generous, open and convivial in his 
temper; he had been an indulged child, not much used to restraint 
or self-denial in anything, and it was now his wife's duty to sus- 
tain and enliven him. For this she was eminently qualified and 
by various ingenious devices she would persuade him that the 
family were in want of nothing, and having raised her husband's 
spu-its, woukl receive his guests with such fresh and cordial hos- 
pitality as to diffuse happiness throughout the circle, at the same 
time that she would voluntarily deprive herself of the luxuries 
and even the conveniences of life. 

"The good sense which was discovered in the treatment of the 
children during infancy was shown in the whole course of their 
education, mental and physical. They were taught to be obedi- 
ent, industrious and considerate of others; they were early made 
to feel that their happiness consisted in these things. Courtesy, 
the kindness of look and manner were always required from 
them; they were taught independence of little comforts, accus- 
tomed to sacrifice them readily and cheerfully for the accommo- 
dation or advantage of others; indeed, to help and to take care of 
themselves as early as possible, and to show respect to their superi- 
ors. They very soon learned to take pleasure in waiting upon 
their mother, and to feel that her happiness and accommodation 
was a greater object than their own. All this respect and deference 
was the dictate of the heart, the result of real affection in the chil- 
di'en, and yet it was brought into action by the mother's strong 
sense and clear view of what was best for her children. Her prac- 
tical sagacit}^ forbade her to expect that these sentiments would 
be the spontaneous return for her love and care, if they were 
allowed to acquire those selfish and indolent habits which are 
the natural consequence of too much indulgence. 

"The business of the Stamp Act, an affair so well known in 
American history, gave Mrs. Atkins an occasion of exhibiting 
an instance of firmness and self-possession which would have 
honored a Roman matron in Rome's best days. The time hav- 
ing arrived when the law was to go into operation, and it being 
known that a quantity of stamped paper had arrived at Boston 
for distribution, suspicions were everywhere alive that those 
who were known to be attached to the Government (then known 


by the designation of Tories) had received a consignment of 
those obnoxious stamps, and everywhere a determination pre- 
vailed to prevent their being used. Amongst others in New- 
buryport who were the objects of these suspicions was Mr. At- 
kins. A hirge and disorderly mob had assembled one evening 
with a view to showing their abhorrence of the Stamp Act, and 
their resentment toward its abettors. Mr A, was then at Bos- 
ton, but there were at his house three friends whom the court 
then sittingat Newburyporthad brought thither, and whose l^nown 
political principles and attachments would have furnished the m()l> 
with a plausible excuse for insulting them, if it had not excited 
them to acts of violence Tt was late in the evening and after these 
gentleman and the rest of the family, except Mrs. Atkins, had re- 
tired to rest that the mob made their appearance before the 
door. Mrs. Atkins met them alone and inquired what they 
wanted at that late hour. They demanded to see her husband 
and asked if he was not in favor of the Stamp Act, etc. She re- 
plied that Mr. Atkins was then in Boston, and they must apply 
to him to know his opinions on that or any other subject. It 
was late, she added, and she wished them no longer to disturb 
the quiet of her family. 'We don't mean to hurt you ma'am,' 
said the leader. 'I have no apprehension that you do,' she re- 
plied. It was at this time that several gentlemen of the town, 
personal friends and acquaintances of the family, having under- 
stood that Mr. Atkins was one object of their mischievous intent- 
ions, hurried to the house and proffered their aid to protect Mrs. 
Atkins from any rudeness. She very discreetly declined their ser- 
vices, aware that their interference might furnish the mob with 
somewhat of an excuse for more violent conduct, observed to 
the gentlemen that she felt no apprehensions of personal ill treat- 
ment and begged them to withdraw themselves. The mob be- 
gan by this time to feel their situaticm a little awkward, and up- 
on Mrs. Atkins throwing a dollar into the hat meanly held out 
for that purpose, they left the house uttering exclamations of 
pleasure and surprise, as Bravo!, A noble woman!, etc. 

"Mr. Atkins died in the year 1707 after a violent illness of only 
a week's duration. The disease was fever of a very malignant 
character. He was thus cut off in the prime and vigour of life, 
being only thirty-six years old, and leaving his wife bowed 
down at once with grief for his loss, and with anxiety for her 


young family, who were thus left without any apparent means of 
support. As soon as she had so far recovered herself as to be 
able to form plans for the future, Grandmother sent for two of 
her relations and friends, Mr. Carter [half brother] and Capt. 
Tracy, to consult them as to what was best to be done in the 
distressini: circumstances in which she was placed. These gen- 
tlemen were possessed of large fortunes and she had some reason 
to expect that they would assist as well as advise her. She 
stated to them her wish to engage in some business which would 
enable her to maintain her children. This they entirely dis- 
couraged; they thought she hud not sufficient means or ability' 
for any such enterprise and advised her to break up house-keep- 
ing, to fix her children as humble friends in the families of their 
different connections, and live herself upon what could be' 
scraped together from the sale of the furniture, etc. All the 
mother's feelings and principles revolted against this. She was 
sure it nmst not be, yet she knew not whereto look when these 
friends on whom she depended had failed her. It was not, how- 
over, a fnilure of friendship for they advised what they sincerely 
thought best for the desolate widow and would not have been 
unwilling to aid her if they had not thought the whole project 

"The situation and feelings of Mrs. Atkins being made known 
to her other friends, she was not long without aid and encour 
agement. Jonathan Jackson, the father of the well known and 
much respected family of the name now living in Boston, 
resided at this time in Newburyport and was engaged in business 
with Mr. Bromfield. These gentlemen offered in the most gen- 
erous and delicate manner to assist their friend in any way 
she would point out, and encouraged her to presevere in the at- 
tempt she wished to make. They furnished her with goods 
which were exposed for sale in Mr. Atkins' counting room, which 
was a part of the house in which they lived. For these goods 
Mrs. Atkins was to pay at any time or in any way which best 
suited her. This kindness was deeply felt through her whole 
life. I do not know that she was ever able entirely to discharge 
the debt, but her generous friends were never in want and must 
have enjoyed a purer satisfaction in witnessing the result of 
their bounty than can ever be procured by any selfish gratifica- 
tion. It was undoubtedly, however, a source of mutual pleasure 


and advantage, when, many years after, two of the daughters of 
Mr. Jackson, her friend and benefactor, were placed for a short 
time in the family and under the care of Mrs. Atkins who al- 
ways delighted to guide and please the young. 

"At this period, all Grandmother's energies were called into 
action. The care of the shop did not occupy all of her attention. 
She superintended the business of soap boiling, the manufacture 
of crmdies and of pot-ashes, and she used to speak of the advan 
tage she derived in regard to the latter, then a new and impor- 
tant manufacture, by having frequently gone with her husband 
to examine the process while the establishment was under his 
superintendence. She kept a man and horse, who were profit- 
ably employed in collecting the materials, and occupied herself 
in various other ways tending to increase their means of sup- 
port. She was notable to do as much for her child>-en in other 
ways as she would undoubtedl}' have desired to do, but she 
wished them to retain their place in good society and perhaps 
saw that more care was necessary to enable them to do this than 
if they were in more easy circumstances. Her own mind was 
never depressed by her labours in her poverty; she always culti- 
vated and enjoyed good society, and the respect and consider- 
ation with which she was always treated is honorable at once to 
the persons who paid it and to her who could always inspire it. 
A few years after her husband's death the family were again 
visited with a fatal and distressing fever. The children were 
all sick, and Hannah, the second daughter died. 

"The death of old Mr. Atkins made no favorable change in the 
circumstances of his son's widow and children, who lost their 
portion of the estate by the unexpected circumstance of his son's 
death occurring previously. The estate being left by will to the 
son, his heirs could not legally receive his portion, although in 
equity it would seem to have been their right. 

"The breaking out of the war by the battle of Lexington in 
April, 1775, caused an universal panic among all classes, and 
Tories especially thought it necessary to fly for refuge to places 
not likely to become the scenes of warfare. Several families of 
some distinction came from Boston and its vicinity to reside in 
Newburyport, while those of the same party in Nevvburyport 
thought it best to seek some place of greater security. Among 
these Mrs. Atkins, well known as a decided Tory, feared that 


her residence in the town would no longer be either safe or com- 
fortable, and determined to remove with her family to Ames- 
bury, a villaa^e about tive miles from Newburyport. She took 
with her what remained on hand of her stock in trade and hoped 
to render her business as profitable in the country as it had been 
in town. In this she was disappointed, and during their resi- 
dence in the country the family probably felt more their 
want of means of doing and enjoying many things which they 
would like to have had in their power than at any other period. 
Yet there they enjoyed great happiness. They lived in the 
house of an excellent Quaker farmer, to whose family they all 
became much attached ; they had much satisfaction in the simple 
pleasure of a country life.* Grandmother had a great taste for 
gardening, and even farming, which she could exercise here to 
great advantage; their friends came very frequently to see them, 
and their visits were enjoyed with a greater zest from the very 
peculiarity of their own situation, the desire to enjoy their so- 
ciety which the mere coming implied, and then the wish which 
all felt to make up by their cordial reception for the want of 
many little accommodations and conveniences which might be 
missed by them. 

•'An extract from one of Grandmother's letters written in 
April, 1777, will throw some light on the situation of the family 
at this time. It was addressed to Mr. Searle, afterwards the hus- 
band of her eldest daughter and always much beloved by her. 

" 'I have at last taken pen in hand to acknowledge the receipt of 
two letters from Halifax, with what pleasure I need not tell you. 
Your good mother is with us still, and has her health as well as 
is common with her, and seems contented as can be expected 
considering everything. I heard she was uneasy in Boston, and 
last September I sent and desired if she could content herself 
to live as we did, that she would come to Amesbury, and am 
determined nothing shall be wanting in my power to make 
her happy. Jo. went last Septeniber to Philadelphia, was gone 

*"The rooms were very small, but it was necessary for the six added inmates to 
make them smaller by curtains, in order that the places for sleeping, cooking, and 
eating might be separated, though by little more than fictitious divisions. Here 
they lived five years in restriction that amounted to poverty, but I remember 
hearing my mother and aunts often refer to their happiness in those years. Mutual 
love, intelligent, active minds, the enjoyment from a really rural life, with visits 
from kind and faithful friends, gave happiness as well as content." Mrs. Ticknor. 


about a month; carried a venture and it turned out to advantage. 
Soon after his return he sailed with Capt. Tileston for Bilboa, 
from whence I expect him soon. Commodore [a title playfully 
given to the youngest son] is at school yet. His master is not 
only his tutor but his great Benefactor. Last fall he [Mr. M.] 
made some effort towards getting an education for him, and made 
application to some near connections but was repulsed. He was 
too tender to say anything to me about it but I heard of it in an- 
other way. But he told the lad not to be discouraged, he would 
give him a year's living, and he did not doubt but he could get 
him entered then [at Harvard]. I have as much business here 
I believe, as I should have had at Newbury, and upon the whole 
pass my hours very agreeably. Sam and Kit were to see us about 
three weeks ago. I think Kit very promising and I hear Mr. 
Lowell is much pleased with him." 

"The tutor so honorably mentioned was Mr. Moody of Dum- 
mer Academy, a singular and very worthy man, still held by 
his pupils in grateful remembrance. One of their most inter- 
esting visitors at "The Lion's Mouth" as that part of Amesbury 
was called, was the person mentioned at the conclusion of the 
letter, the young, beautiful and excellent Christopher Gore,* 
who so amply fulfilled the promise of his youth. He was cousin 
to Mr. Searle, and always most sincerely attached to him, and 
to the family to whom he introduced him, always remembering 
and speaking of Grandmother with grateful affection correspond- 
ing to that which in a moment of youthful enthusiasm he thus 
expressed in a letter addressed to her daughter: 'I have done 
everything in my power to please your mother and Jo. and hope 
I have not failed in every point. The love I entertain for 
them made me completely happy in their presence. Words 
could not express my joy at sight of your mother. At once I 
forgot all my sorrows, and what before was to me a mountain 
is now but a mole-hill, etc' 

*A person of .sia<rular cliainis and capabilities, alawyerof eminence, filling sundry 
official functions vvitli distinction; he was Governor of the commonwealth (and vis- 
ited Mrs. Atkins escorted by his brilliant suite and troopers the year l)efore her 
death). U. S. Attorney for Massachusetts, a member of the Commission to adjust 
claims with England, in London six or eight years as diplomatic agent. United 
States Senator. He was born in 1758, graduated at Harvard 177(5, died in 1827; "hav- 
ing no children, he left most of his property to Harvard ( "ollege." 


"■Dnring their residence in Amesbury which was prolonged to 
five years, Grandmother used to say that she took more pleas- 
ure in reading then she ever before did; her children h;id grown 
up so as not to require her immediate care, and she was glad to 
employ almost the first leisure she had ever enjoyed in adding to 
her stores of thought. All that she read was turned to account, 
and whatever was useful or instructive incorporated into her 
active mind. Her fsxvorite books were biographical works, good 
sermons or treatises of practical morality, and entertaining fic- 
tion; anything, in short, which threw light on her favorite study 
of human nature, or was useful in guiding its energies. She 
always avoided what was eminently tragical, or adapted to ex- 
cite melancholy feelings. Her strong native sense and sensi- 
bility rejected everything which had a tendency to weaken the 
mind or produce gloomy trains of thought. 

''In 1779 Grandmother's eldest daughter was married and left 
Amesbury to begin housekeeping in Newburyport. The next 
year the family left their retreat at the Lion's Mouth and re- 
turned to Newburyport." The second d;tughter, in 1786, mar- 
ried Mr. Eliot and went to live in Boston. In her distress at 
the loss of her son Joseph, the year following, Mrs. Atkins 
wrote to Mrs. Eliot, "You love me, my dear daughter, which 
is a balm to my distressed mind— distressed but not cast down. 
I thank my God who has wondrously supported me in so trying 
a scene. I believe the prayers which have been offered to heav- 
en for me have been heard. I have been called down to 
receive a visitor. I thank my friends for their attention, 
but I love retirement better than ever. I feel my mind 
much disposed to conform to my circumstances. You know I 
have long since been used to a life of economy, so that it will 
not be so hard to me as to some others, and Dudley and Becky 
seem resigned. Time will wear off in some measure our dis- 
tress. We are a very harmonious and I may say a very fond fam- 
ily. Never were children more attentive than mine. What grat- 
itude does it call tor! How shall I express my grititude to Mr. 
Eliot? He has my blessing. May God Almighty reward him sev- 
enfold! May you, my dearest of daughters, receive every sup- 
port under such a trial." To Mr. Eliot she wrote: "Dear Sir, 
I have too long delayed answering your very friendly and af- 
fectionate letter, but so it is, I cannot account for it, that when- 


ever I take a pen in hand to express my mind my passions are so 
wrought upon that I find myself quite disarmed of that forti- 
tude, which, in general I have been supported with. I have in- 
deed felt a heavy stroke. There was not only the ties of nature 
bat the friend, the companion, the prop of my declining years 
in this dear son. But I will not complain. No! I hope never 
to renounce the faith I have been so firm in of a Being that is 
infinite in wisdom and goodness. It has long since been my 
petition that I might have that which is best for me, and, in 
general, I find my mind nmch disposed to acquiesce in the Di- 
vine will. But these are ties of affection, which the God of na- 
ture has implanted in the human breast, and how far these 
affections are to be indulged is difficult to know. Mine, since 
the loss of my dear husband have centered in my too dear chil- 
dren but I will hope that they will be duly regulated." 

Miss Searle gives several other letters from this excellent 
woman all filled with keen insight into the human soul, 
gratitude to those who are kind to her, pity for the unfortunate, 
singularly judicious observations on the various vicissitudes of 
the family fortunes. With her two sons-in-law she maintained 
the most agreeable relations, being cherished tenderly in her 
advanced years by both alike. 

"A part of the Atkins property coming at length into Grand- 
mother's possession, she purchased with it a house in the sub- 
urbs of the town attached to which was an acre of land which 
by Grandmother's skill and taste was converted into a delightful 
garden, or at least one which was thought delightful by 
all her children and grandchildren. Her children had n:)w ac- 
quired the means of assisting her, and here she lived in all 
peace, honour and happiness to the close of her long and exem- 
plary life." When her son Dudley came into possession of the sin- 
ister Tyng estate he ''gladly appropriated 1200 dollars to the pay- 
payment of his mother's debts, whose whole mercantile concerns 
were thus honorably settled." Miss Searle gives a charming 
view of the old lady's declining years. She had taken two of 
her eldest daughter's fatherless children to live with her. 
"Grandmother's house was truly the home of all our hearts, 
where we delighted to meet each other and share together the 
blessings and pleasure of her influence and society. It was the 
resort likewise of many adopted children and many others of 


the learned and wise as well as the young, beautiful and gay, 
who would gather instruction from the lips of her whose wis- 
dom and experience excited the reverence of all. She had, 
indeed, all which should accompany old ago, as honour, love, 
obedience, troops of friends. Grandmother's knowledge of life 
and of human nature had chiefly been acquired at home. She had 
never travelled much, and excepting an occasional visit to Bos- 
ton, she scarcely left Newburyport and its vicinity at all. New- 
buryport contained much better society at that time than it has 
done since, and there was one period, and this when Grandmother 
was in the prime and vigour of life, that it contained as much of 
what gives interest, grace and dignity to society as any place in 
New England and was outdone by Boston itself only in respect 
to numbers." 

"Grandmother laid groat stress upon that point of 
minor morals, which consists in treating everyone with civil- 
ity and courtesy. Formal manners she disliked as she did 
everything that was not genuine and sincere, but she thought 
we ought always to feel pleased when kindness was meant, and 
was not very tolerant to the fastidious taste which requires 
everyone to conform to a standard of its own. She used to tell 
us to look benign. 'You can look up and smile, if you have 
nothing to say.' The example which was set us was in this re- 
spect perfectly faultless. I do not recollect any instance in 
Avhich the most tedious visitor was not welcomed with kindness 
and hospitality even when weariness, feebleness and the infirm- 
ity of age would have seemed a sutEcient cause for a cold 
reception, and this without any distinction of rank, sex, or age. 
There was an uni(m of dignity and benevolence in her whole air 
and manner that are seldom equalled. Her natural temperament 
was lively and sanguine, and through life she was subject to a 
considerable ebb and flow of spirits, and sometimes, though 
very rarely, to an impatience of expression. Her mind was 
uncommonly strong and vigorous, and from this combination 
the great pre-eminence in the active virtues which she ever exhib- 
ited might have been looked for. She was in every sense a high 
minded woman, of a most noble and generous nature, receiving 
and conferring benefits with the same freedom from pride or 
meanness, and with a grace which made the giver or receiver al- 
most equally the obliged person. Perfect sincerity of character 


Avas one of her most striking traits — a sincerity which scorned all 
equivocation, pretension or disqualification, and which when it 
is thorough, requires perhaps the exercise of more civil and 
moral courage than any other quality whatever. 

"I believe all who recollect Grandmother Atkins, even at the 
most advanced period of her life, will join me in saying that 
there was an unconmion appearance of even animated enjoy- 
ment of life about her. When she saw us happy around her, 
her countenance was actually radiant with joy. It is likewise a 
striking instance of the power to confer happiness on others 
which may be possessed by those who have none of the gifts of 
fortune, for it .seemed as if no one entered the magic circle drawn 
around her without being rendered ha])pier or better. The 
spirit of benevolence and love which was always alive in her 
breast, seemed to furnish her with means of c(mtributing to the 
comfort of those around her. Something could always bo 
found or spared for the destitute or sick, and when most per- 
sons would have thought it meritorious to bear without repin- 
ing the privations of such a lot, this excellent woman was 
extending her cares and kind offices to all whom she could in 
anyway aid or relieve. 

"•It was said of her by one who knew her well, 'The excel- 
lence which others attain to in the theory of virtue and religion, 
she made the familiar practice of her life. The knowledge for 
which some depend on books, seemed in her the result of a su- 
perior mind exercised on its own reflections and observations, 
or, rather, she possessed the admirable talent of so blending it 
with the dictates of her own judgement and experience as to 
give it the impress of wisdom. Hence, her sayings had with her 
friends the authority of axioms, and her opinions the weight of 
oracles. Her life seemed, indeed, to exemplify the capacity of 
our nature in the attainment of moral excellence and practical 
wisdom. Though always distinguished among women, her 
virtues and (Jhristian graces gathered strength, and beauty, and 
loveliness as she advanced in years, and reflected a heavenly 
lustre on the evening of her life. Love dwelt in her heart and 
on her lips. Never will those friends who were piivileged with 
an interview during her last sickness, forget the holy warmth of 
her friendship which seemed already to partake the vigor of 
immortal love, and to beam upon them from the abode of the 


saints in light.' The close of her days was what such a life at 
once leads us to expect. It was mild, peaceful and serene; it 
was lighted up with hopes which open heaven. The happiness 
so long imparted to others was retiected back on herself." 

Mrs. Ticknor thus gracefully adds to our views of Sarah 
Kent: "Within my remembrance — when time, infirmities, and 
the devotion of her children had lessened care and anxiety — her 
chief delight was in watching over a large garden, where vege- 
tables, flowers, and fruit flourished under her skilful direction, 
and where arbors, seats, and a swing, made youth happy, after the 
allotted time for following her steps with basket, trowel and other 
implements had passed. Another charming picture in my mem- 
ory is that of seeing her spin flax on a small, highly finished 
English wheel, ^ — her figure perfectly upright, her dress a deli- 
cate shade of light-brown stuff, a square kerchief of white gauze, 
or transparent 'mode', crossed in front, with a simple cap (al- 
most like a Quaker's) of the same material, covering her smooth 
white hair.* In the next room, sometimes in the same, the 
daughter whose heart and life were devoted to sustaining and 
cheering her mother's hours, standing by the large wheel, al- 
most as tall as herself, drew from it substantial yarn, with that 
deep resonant whirr^ of which I can find no illustration, — a 
sound by itself, — unknown to the present generation." 

Her son Dudley, late in life, wrote often of her, noting her 
singularly powerful and advantageous influence over young 
people and he profited by her wisdom and affection until he had 
completed his own half century of life, ever devoting himself to 
cherishing her welfare. 

Mrs. Ticknor says: ''In October, 1810, our much-beloved 
and sincerely respected grandmother, Mrs. Atkins, died, — a loss 
felt widely, and, in our circle, very deeply. To have so much 
religious wisdom, such a constant teaching of faithfulness, 
patient cheerfulness, and gentle courtesy taken from us, — to 

*During the .summer of 1891 a picture of Mrs. Sarah Atkins was discovei-ed at 
Newburyport from which, liindly loaned for the purpose by Miss Mary Russell Cur- 
son, the accompanying heliotype was made. The lleliotype Printing Co. of Boston 
wrote me of it as follows: Our reproduction is the same size as the original. It is 
made in very pale India ink with brush, and it looks almost as had a pencil been 
used in parts to sharpen the effect. The paper is 4' 2 by 7, very much di-scolored, espec- 
ially at the top which is a strong brown. Through dampness the paper has become 
spotted with red brick colored marks. Underneath is inscribed in careful script, 
"Mrs. Sarah Atkins." 


lose such animated affection, such unfailing sympathy for all 
ages and all conditions, was a trial, even for the youngest." 

Her son-in-law, Mr. Samuel Kliot, wrote of her: "At half an 
hour past seven o'clock last evening yoar grandmother breathed 
her last, in the most tranquil and quiet manner, without a groan or 
sigh. Thus has she ended a long life, and left us to pray to 
God that our last end may be like her's. -:v ^ * * 
Such a friend as your grandmother should survive in our mem- 
ories as a mi nitor, to guide and govern our conduct, and regu- 
lale all our actions. * * * Your grandmother was 
furnished by nature, or rather by the God of nature, with a 
mind and ability of considerable strength. Siie was a lady of 
apjjcarance and manner that excited attention, and commanded 
respect; she was amiable, social, prudent, wise, honourable, vir- 
tuous, benevolent, humble, and religious." 

"I well remember her appearance in her old age, her stately 
and commanding form and aspect, her very agreeable manners, 
and her comfortable habitation. My frequent visits to her 
house are among the pleasant facts which I often recall in the 
current of my childhood. Her home and the beautiful grounds 
are now the property of my brother [Charles Tyng, 187U]. My 
memory loves to dwell among those precious early days, when 
my grandmother was still living and her home was the abode of 
kindness and love for us all. How often have I sat by her side, 
looking up to her heavenly countenance, beaming as it was with 
smiles of affection, my little arms resting upon her lap. Dear 
and venerated matron. Madam Atkins she was called by all. 
Hundreds knew her; and all venerated and loved her as a pat- 
tern of holiness, kindness and fidelity in every relation of life. 
Her cottage was the home of dignity and taste. She was habit- 
ually seated in her little parlor, which opened into her garden, 
filled with flowers and beautiful walks and borders." Stephen 
H. Tyng, 1800-1SS5, 

The Hon. John Lowell, in his eulogy on Dudley Atkins Tyng, 
prepared at the request of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
gives this sketch of Sarah Kent: Those who with us had the 
happiness of knowing the energy, perseverance, and high intel- 
lectual character of this lady, will not be surprised at her sur- 
mounting difficulties which would have discouraged minds of less 
force, and that she not only provided for the physical wants of 


her children, but imparted to them by her example and pre- 
cepts, what was of inestimable and unappreciable value to them, 
intellectual and moral power; a power which (if there were none 
of them now living) we should say, had been most fully exem- 
plified in their long and highly useful lives. Mrs. Atkins' ef- 
forts and usefulness were not, however, confined to her own 
family; they shed a benign and most powerful influence upon 
all who enjoyed the delights of her society. A more radiant 
mind, one which exerted an higher influence on all around her, 
cannot easily be cited — certainly fifty years' experience do 
not enable the writer to recall one whose moral efiicacy was 
greater. We should not have dwelt upon this subject were it 
not that in our opinion much of Mr. Tyng's firmness of charac- 
ter, of his sterling integrity and soundness of opinions, may be 
fairly traced to the influence of a mother, whom no stranger 
ever visited without a conscious improvement. Peace to her 
delightful memory! which is as fresh to the writer as it was 
forty years since. 



(Mrs. Seurlc.) 

Mary Russell Atkins, born r.t Nevvburyport in 1753, the eldest 
child of Dudley Atkins and Sarah Kent, was married in 177D, 
while the family was still in retreat at Amesbury, to Georfje 
Searle, merchant, son of George Searle and Catherine Gore. 
Of this good lady I wish there was more to say — but those peo- 
ple are said to be happy who have no annals — so I record mere- 
ly that she tilled an honorable part as wife and mother; her 
husband being unfortunate in business and, dying in 17H6, Mrs. 
Searle was left with a large family of young children, and 
bravely and successfully labored to secure their support and 
education, her residence continuing in Nevvburyport. My un- 
cle James Tyng speaks pleasantly of her in his manuscript 
notes, recalling her as "a dignified yet placid and cheerful lady, 
pleased to see people happy around her''"' — in her advanced 
years, and Mrs. Ticknor says that ''with her uncommon strength 
of mind, quiet dignity, and warm affections, she was a strength- 
ening and cheering influence to all, and a great happiness to 
Mrs. Eliot" her sister, near whom she lived in Boston in later 
years in one of Mr. Eliot's houses, he having also left her an an- 
nuity. She died in 1836 at the age of eighty three years. 
There exists an excellent portrait of Mrs. Searle, by Stuart. 

Of Mr. George Searle I know but little. He was a man of 
high character and his letters suggest a good education and by 
their tone denote him of gentle nature, while references to him 
elsewhere mark him as much beloved by his mother-in-law and 
others about him. He made trips to Europe on business and 
was engaged in commercial pursuits. On his mother's side he 
was a near kinsman of the brilliant Christopher Gore, governor, 
etc. His decease at the early age of forty- four was most unfor- 

Arthur Searle, born 1837, son of Thomas Searle and Anne 
Noble [from near Birmingham, England,] grandson of George 

From some mislaid notes furnished me by Miss Curson I 
quote a few personal details of interest concerning Mrs. Searle: 
"My grandmother was very erect when I recollect her, after 
she was eighty years old. She was of medium height, of fair 
complexion and had a very sweet and benign expression. She 
told me herself that she was quite a little heiress from having 
her Aunt Russsll's personal property left her when young, 
and that was a help to her in her first housekeeping. She was 
the mother of ten children and was very happy in her married 
life. Through all the trials that followed her widowhood she 
had the support of her children, and kept them with her, keep- 
ing a small shop in Newburyport, until her son George was able 
to take care of her and she removed to Boston to be with him." 
Among the bequests were silver with the Dudley crest, the por- 
trait of Mary Wainwright Russell and some land. 

Of Mr. Searle Miss Curson ofiers certain details, chiefly infer- 
ential but doubtless accurate: That he was a man of much 
sensibility and tenderness of feeling. That he was of dark 
complexion, close curling dark hair and fine color. Remains of 
his librarv indicate a love of books and a fine taste in reading. 

George, Catherine 
b. 1780, b. 1781, 
d. 1787. d. 1818. 


i. 1881. 

George, Catherine, 
b. 1818. b. & d. 1821. 

b. Feb. 26, 1848, 
m. Dec. 4, 1871. 
Harriet C. Mosely, 

Issue: I 

1. Elizabeth, 

b. Sept. 1. 1872. 

2. Lucy, 

b. Jan. 18, 1876. 

3. Marv Russell, 
b. Apr. 1878. 

b. 1794, d. 1863. 
The biographer 
of Sarah Kent. 

L-. - 



Uly 27. 

Margaret Cur son, 
b. 1870. Dec. 6. 

]). 1795. d. 1843. 
merchant and banker, 
m. Mar. 29. 1834. 
Anne Noble, of England. 
She d. Dec. 16. 1841. 


1. Arthur, b. 1837, Harvard 
1856, Prof. Astronomy Har- 
vard University, m. Jan. 1, 
1873, Emma Wesselhoeft. 

1. Lucy, b. Jan. 2, 1874. 

2. Katherine, 

b. Oct. 18, 1876. 

2. George M.. 

b. 1839, Harvard 1857. 
A Priest of the Congrega- 
tion of St. Paul, R. C. 
Prof. Cath. Univ. Washing- 
ton, D. C. 


Jabez Searle. 

George Searle.=Catherlne Gore. 
I b. 1719. 

Mary Russell Atkins, =George Searle, 

1753-1836. b. , d. 1796, 

m. 1779. ast. 44. 


George, Catherine, 
b. 1780, b. 1781, ' 
d. 1787. d. 1818. 

I I 

George, Catherine, 
b. 1818. b. & d. 1821. 

b. 1783. 
d. 1851. 


b. 1785, 
d. 1787. 

b. 1787. d. June 28. 1877, 
m. Samuel Curson in 
1816; he d. 1847, ffit. 66. 

b. Mar. 16, 1822, 
m. Aug. 17, 1847, 
J. A. Hoxie. 

b. Feb 

4. 1825. 

b. Apr. 28, 1828, 
m. 1860, John 
P. Marquand. 


b. Feb. 26, 1848, 
m. Dec. 4, 1871, 
Harriet C. Mosely, 

Issue: I 

1. Elizai)cth, 

b. Sept. 1, 1872. 

2. Lucy, 

b. Jan. IS, 1876. 

3. Mary Russell, 
b. Apr. 1878. , 

I I 

Edmund, John 

b. Sept. 28, 1852, Anson, 

m. Holer; Preston, b,June 

Issue: ] 10,1860. 

1. Aitluir Edmund, 
b. Aug, 22, 1875, 

2, Frederick Cabot, 
b. Nov. 17. 1X77. 

b, Oct, 4, 1850. 
m, June 14, 1871, 
Asa T. Newhall, 

Issue: I 

1 . M argaret. 

b. Mar. 24, 1872. 

2. Eliza White, 
b. May 3. 1873. 

3. .loshua Little, 
b. Aug, 14, 1874. 

4. David Preston, 
b. Jan. 27, 1876. 

5. Bertha, 

b, Feb. , 187rt, 

6. John Auson, 

b. May 27, 1«82. 

b. 1788, d. 1,H58. mercliant, 
m. 1st, Ai.r. 20. 1S24, 
Susan ('lc\claiul I'dkiiis, • 
(dau. I!aii)ara 11 igniuson): 
she d. Aijr, «. 182.'i, Issue: 

1, Susan Cleveland, 
d, young. 

m. 2d. Jan, 15, 1835, 
Susan Cortin Hooper, 
(sister Jos. Marcjuaiid who m. 
Sarah W. Tyng). No issue. 

., 1790, 
I. 1807. 


1). 1861, 

Nov. 26 

b, isfi.'j, 
June 26. 

b, 1792, 
d, 1881. 

1). 1794, d. 1863, 
The biographer 
of Sarah Kent. 


1). 1H67, 

Feb. 27, 



Mass. Inst. 


C. E. 1891, 

b. 1S69, 
July 27. 

Margaret Curson, 
b. 1870. Dec, 6. 

b, 1795. d., 1843, 
merchant and hanker, 
m. Mar, 29, 1834, 
Anne Noble, of Bnglarui. 
She d, Dec. 16. 1841. 

1. Arthur, b, 1837, Harvard 
18.56, Prof. Astronomy Har- 
vard Qniversity, m, Jan. 1, 
1873, Emma Wes.selhoeft. 

1. Lucv, li, Jan. 2. 1874. 

2. Katherine, 

. b, Oct. IH, 1876. 

2. (JeorgeM., 

1). 1839, Harvard 1857. 
A Priest of the Congrega- 
tion of St, Paul, R. C. 
Prof. Cath. Univ. Washing- 
ton, D, C, 


Scarle, was graduated at Harvard in 1856. He began work in 
the Observatory of that University in 1868, was appointed As- 
sistant in 186'J, Assistant Professor of Astronomy in 1883, and 
Phillips Professor of Astronomy in 1887, since which date he 
has been a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences. He published "'Outlines of Astronomy" in 1874, 
Boston, and popular articles in the Atlantic Monthly, 1878, and 
Popular Science Monthly, 1880. His scientitic articles, mostly 
on subjects connected with the zodiacal light, are to be found in 
the Proceedings and Memoirs of the American Academy, and in 
the Astronomische Nachrichten (Altona and Kiel, Germany). 
January ], 1873, he married Emma Wesselhoeft ; (b. Cam- 
bridge, Mass., Jan. 9, 1843,) daughter of Dr. Robert Wessel- 
hoeft, of Jena, Germany. 

George M. Searle, born 1839, son of Thomas and Anne, 
grandson of George Searle, was graduated at Harvard, 1857. 
He became a Catholic in 1862, and a priest in 1871 — of the 
Congregation of St. Paul, founded in New York by Father 
Hecker — and has been recently in charge of the astronomical 
department of the Catholic University at Washington, D. C. 
He published "Elements of Geometry," 1877, and has written 
on popular and scientific subjects in the Catholic World, New 
York, the Astronomische Nachrichten, Gould's Astronomical 
Journal, etc. 



Joseph Atkins, elder son of Diiclloy and Sarah, was born in 
1755. Of his early life I find nothing, but one can easily guess 
it by reading the section on his mother. He was generally be- 
loved, and. hke his brother, was ever devoted to his mother's 
welfare. P'ollowing the family traditions, like the other two 
Josephs, and other Sandwich ancestors, he chose the life of a 
mariner. Being twenty years old at the opening of hostilities 
Avith England, I had hoped to find him somewhere in the pa- 
triot service, and apparently such was my good fortune. 
Newburyport, essentially a maritime town, was well interested 
in the struggle. Mrs. Smith (History of Newburyport) says 
that some few of the citizens having failed to enroll themselves 
in 1774, the selectmen were authorized to go around and "ask 
liim [each delinquent] his reasons for such neglect." Other- 
where she relates that, "The clearances of twenty -two vessels 
(privateers) are recorded as having left Newburyport with a 
thousand or more men who never returned and of whose fate we 
are still ignorant." She suggests wreck and wanton destruction 
by the British cruisers. ''With Paul Jones and other naval 
heroes, volunteers from Newburyport might be found on almost 
every wave crest of the ocean."" 

While searching the great libraries for the name of Atkins I 
came on this: In 177B the Privateer Brig "Dalton" sailed from 
Newburyport with a large crew. She was captured by the 
British man-of-war "Raisonable,'" 6-t guns, and taken to Ply- 
mouth, England, where her people were imprisoned. Two of 
the crew kept journals, Samuel Cutler and Charles Herbert. 
The former, while at Plymouth, wrote: "Sept. 9, 1777, Tues- 
day. Received letter from G. Searle, dated Cork, 28 August, 
per hands of Mr. George Winne, merchant, Plymouth, who has 
supplied me with cash and sundries to the amount of £2 — 12 — 8. 
May 9, 1778, I received a letter from pay worthy friend J. At- 
kins, dated London, April 18th, wherein he informs me Capt. 
Tileston made his escape two days after he was brought into 
this port, and he, J. A., obtained his liberty from the Captain 


of the 'Thetis' in Dartmouth in April. Nov, 18, London. 
At 9 P. M. parted from my friends G. S., Savage, and Jo. At- 
kins at Bristol," (whence Cutler went to London, I infer). The 
editor identifies Searle and Atkins as of our family. Earlier in 
the diary occuresthis entry, "Arrived from a cruise the 'Thetis,' 
frigate of 32 guns, with the brig 'Triton', James Tileston mas- 
ter, from Newburyport to Bilbao, which the 'Thetis' took on her 
passage."* In the section on Sarah Kent (p. 64), in a letter of 
1777 she says that Joe had gone to Bilbao with Capt. Tileston, 
but it dosen't appear whether the 'Triton' was a privateer, or 
engaged in a purely commercial venture to Spain, trusting to 
escape the ubiquitous British fleet. 

Through the kindness of my cousin, Mr. Storrow Higginson, 
and just as this is in press, I am able to give a copy of a document 
on file in the Massachusetts State House, Boston, which fully 
confirms Joseph's service under the colony. 

To the Hon'ble the Senate and Hon'ble House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
Assembled at Boston SepV 1783. 

The Petition of Joseph Atkins Humbly Sheweth 

That your pet'r on the twenty eighth day of May 1775 shiped 
himself on board the Brigantine Rockingham, Ja nes Johnston 
Commander in the service of this Province for a voyage from 
Newbury Port for Bilboa, and continued in said service Eleven 
months and nineteen days at three pounds per month amounting 
to £S4:18, and for cash paid for board at Bilboa to £8:2 — 
amounting in the whole to Fort}^ pounds [£43] out of which he 
has received no more than £8:2 which leaves a balance due to 
him of Thirty one pounds eighteen shillings, all which will appear 
by the account and certificate herewith exhibited. And as your 
pet'r hath lately returned from being a Prisoner is in great want 
of his money, not having a farthing to help himself with. 

He humbly prays this Hon'ble Court would be pleased to take 
his distressed case into your compassionate consideration and 
be pleased to make him a grant of the balance due to him as 
aforesaid with Interest for the same. 

And as in duty bound shall pray, etc. 

Joseph Atkins. 

'N. E. Hist, and Gen. Re-r. Vol. 32. p. 43 and p. :«."). n\> 


In the House of Representatives, Oct 2d 1783 

Read and ordered that this petition with the account therein 
referred to be committed to the Committee on accounts for ex- 
amination, allowance and payment. 

Sent up for concurrence. 

Tristram Dalton, Spk'r. 

In Senate Oct 2, ITs:^, 
Read and Concurred 
S. Adams, Presid't. 

It is odd that Miss Searle otlers no information upon these 
adventures. She says that ft)r several years he had been mas- 
ter of a vessel, and was expected home in 1787 frm a long and 
successful voyage when "a violent storm arose after the poor 
mariners had come in sight of their native shore, drove the ves- 
sel upon the rocks where she was totally wrecked and all on 
board perished. This unfortunate young m:m had endeared 
himself peculiarly to his family by the frankness, generosity, 
and manliness of his character, and their tenderness had perhaps 
been increased by their sympathy with him in many disappoint- 
ments and hardships of which he had experienced an uncom- 
mon share. The family sustained also by this event a heavy 
pecuniary loss. The vessel and cargo which were not insured, 
were principally the property of Mr. Atkins tmd his brother 
Mr. Searle.'' His remains wore recovered and deposited at St. 
Paul's with this epitaph: 

''Here are interred The Remains of Capt. Joseph Atkins, who 
(with his whole Ship's Company) perished by Shipwreck on 
Cape Cod, Feb. ye 8th, 1787. Aged 31 years. He that goeth 
on his way weeping & beareth good Seed shall doubtless come 
again with Joy bringing his Sheaves with him." 

A family story relates that being at Cork, Ireland, in this last 
voyage, he wrote home glovvmg accounts of the charms of an 
Irish lass, a pretty Peggy, and that as a mark of esteem tor 
him, the little maid born that year to his sister Mrs Searle was 
named Mar<;aret after tfoe's unknown sweetheart. 



(Mrs. Eliot.) 

Although their phices were more conspicuous in the world I 
have good reason to believe that Catherine and Dudley Atkins 
only differed greatly from their brother and two sisters in their 
larger opportunity, still it would not be unnatural that of the 
live adult children of so clever a mother two should more easily 
acquire pre-eminence. 

Bred in the straitened school of slender finances, passing the 
best days of her education under the embarrassments of the 
Revolution, only an exceptional parental care combined with 
singularly fine intrinsic mental qualities could have resulted in 
the production of so superior a specimen of womanhood as 
Catherine Atkins. I wish that every reader of these pages 
could be privileged to peruse Mrs. Ticknor's charming account 
of her beloved mother, for to me it is permitted but to present 
a brief sketch of the lady. Born in 1758, we hear little of her 
until the beginning of 1786 when, visiting Boston, she attracted 
the attention of Mr. Samuel Eliot while making purchases in 
his store. Her personal beauty, modesty, dignity at once im- 
pressed the quick perceptions of this successful merchant aiid 
he sought her acquamtance, a task of no difficulty by the kindly 
aid of the Gores and the Lincolns whose guest she was. Ac- 
customed to her modest role at Newburyport, still in humble 
circumstances as to wealth,* Miss Atkins betrayed an aston- 
ishment at Mr. P]liot's enthusiastic addresses that marks well her 
native gentleness, humility and the reserve indicative of careful 
breeding. The simple household at home were thrown into 
great perturbation and "Grandmother Atkins" writes to Cath- 
erine, "A bystander would judge that you were going to suffer 
martyrdom from Becky's and my appearance," and reminds her 
of the duty resting on her of honestly acquainting this middle- 
aged, prosperous and rising man of business with their own re- 
stricted condition, adding with her wonted buoyancy, "and let 

*"Her sensitive nature had been nurtured with strong teachings as to the inde- 
pendence of externals, and the indispensable dignity of never dL'siriiig wealth." 
Mrs. Ti<-knor. 


him come that I may see him, and perhaps we shall all be mer- 
ry together; who knows?" 

The overwhehnino; dignity of the following letter by my 
grandfather, a part of this episode, is well complemented in the 
tremor of pleasure mingled with trepidation pervading Cather- 
ine's letters of near date to her mother and sister and the dear 
Matron's in return to her: 

Feb. 1, 1T.S6. 
Dear Caty 

Inclosed you have a line from my Mother (which I have 
not read) on the subject of your last Communications. Those 
Letters gave us all high satisfaction, as they were additional 
Proofs of that Delicacy and Justness of Sentiment we all before 
believed you to possess. And indeed I conceive the whole will 
be wanting in your present embarrassing situation. * - 

* * ■" [A sentence erased ] It seems to throw 
an eftectual Bar in the Way of your gaining a personal, unbias- 
sed Knowledge of the Character from your own Interviews, and 
it seems almost too hazardous to trust to the Information or 
Opinions of even our wisest and best Friends in a Matter so irt)- 
portant. However, these, with the nicest Observations you 
have already made or may yet make, are all you can now rely 
on. I wish you all the Prudence you need, but am so little of 
a Casuist in Alfairs of this kind that my Advice is not worth the 
writing. If you think (as we do here) that it is high time to 
come home, give me a Line by Post and I will be with you in a 
twinkling. Yours aflectionatel}^ 

D. Atkins. 

However, the gods willed it and no happier conjimction of 
well-matched man and woman has graced the earth than 
that of my fathers refined and elevated Aunt Catherine and 
Mr. Samuel Eliot, the courteous and philanthropic Boston 
merchant. So, on May 14, 1786, the lady was installed in a 
metropolitan home where the wealth heretofore unkovvn to her 
was henceforth to strew her path with the roses of luxury and 
})ure happiness. Here her life was full of brightness and use- 
fulness, here beloved by a large circle of relatives and friends- 
including the noblest and best people that cultured city attbrd- 


ed — she ministered of her ample stores of grace, intellect and 
attbction to iier children and her devoted husband. 

Mrs. Tieknor's portrait of her — and that Uidy shared nearly 
a third of a conturv of her mother's life — I reproduce in all 

*'She was then twenty-eight years old, very handsome, with a 
quiet and dignified manner; her features were finely formed and 
proportioned; her brow noble, high and beautifully white; her 
eyes of a rich hazel, soft and clear; her mouth expressed great 
refinement and sweetness, mingled with decision, and the lips 
were always freshly red. I have a miniature painted about 
this time, representing her hair — dark, abundant, curled — with 
a blue ribbon passed through it, according to the fashion of the 
time. Her height and figure were good, and in her whole per- 
son and every motion there was an expression of modest sweet- 
ness and dignity that inspired a respect and afiection which 
intimate acquaintance only confirmed and increased. 

The life, and the form it breathed through were in harmony. 
She maintained a firm adherence to duty without formality, a 
simple directness of manner that did not wound, a gentle yield- 
ing to the tastes and peculiarities of others; while at times a 
naturally vehement nature would assert itself. Her cultivated 
mind, strong sense, and the tact of kind feelings, stimulated and 
moulded by the sincerest religious belief, exercised a power, 
and won a degree of respect and affection, quite unmeasured by 

In 182^». the same year with her brother Dudley, Mrs, Eliot 

Andrew Eliot. =Mary . 

Beverly, Mass. Kcpres. lfiL)0-92. 

Andrew Eliot. =Mercv Shattuck, 
Died 16^s. j 

Andrew Eliot.= Kuth Symonds. 
Died 1749. | 

Samuel=Eliz. Marshall. 
Died 174."). Bookseller, Boston. 
8amuel=l. Eliz. liarrell. 
=2. Cath. Atkins. 
Merchant and Philanthropist, Boston. 


passed away, leaving to her children and surviving friends a 
memory full of light and the radiance of a beautiful life. 

Her husband, Samuel Eliot, 1739 — 1820, was the only son 
of a Samuel Eliot, bookseller and publisher in Boston, who died 
young leaving a wife and several children. His brother the 
Rev. Andrew Eliot was a divine of dislingiiished excellence of 
heart and mind. The family had been several generations in 
America. Mrs Eliot was left destitute and her brothcr-in-hiw 
having a large family was able to give but little aid. But the 
lad Samuel was full of zeal in laboring to support mother and 
sisters, and on coming of age had already secured an enviable 
reputation for industry, integrity and commercial cap:icity, and 
was soon established as an independent merchant. At the age 
of twenty-six he married Miss Elizabeth Barrell, daughter of 
Joseph B., a man of wealth and prominence in the city. One 
daughter, Fanny, was the result of this union, a lady who owed 
the best of her development to her stepmother. 

Mr. Eliot was fond of intelligent societ}-, and was appreciated 
and sought by men of wit and standing about him. In a trip 
to Europe prior to the Revolution he sought and met with ad- 
vantage many of the best social and intellectual ranks, an ex- 
perience repeated in a later visit after peace was restored. 
Though full of sympathy for the patriot cause, he closed his 
store and resided outside of the city during its occupation by 
British troops. 

Mrs. Eliot dying, he remained a widower some years, and 
well dissatisfied with his lonely state until his happy encounter 
with Miss Atkins. 

While a thorough man of business, a strict regard for the 
moralities of trade was ever accompanied by a genuine philan- 
thropy in which he was anxious his right hand should not 
know the deeds of his left. Lacking formal education in boy- 
hood, his love of books and keen interest in learning rendered 
him before many years a man of wide and elegant information,* 

*Mr. Eliot's distribution of Ills estate by devise marks its extent and his amiabil- 
ity. Mrs. E. was to have $5,000 per annum with their residence and appurte- 
nances complete (slie survived liim nine years), and 130,000 absolute. There was 
$88,000 in legacies— including $8,000 to his brother-in-law 1). A. Tyiig. the residue go- 
ing equally to the children except that the sons were to have ea<-h ^fmoOO more 
than the daugliters. In the legacies. $10,000 to the Asylum foi' the Insane. $2,000 for 
thebenefitof widowsof Congregational clergymen, while many friends and relatives 
had from $300 a year to $5,000 absolute. In 1814 he had munificently founded a Greek 
Professorship at Harvard, a deed he succeeded in keeping secret until his death. 

Marv Harri 


Samuel Elio 

Charles J 
b. 1S41, Har 
killed in W: 

BS Eliot, 
, Harv. 

;. Prof. 



y Sedge- 
Id. 1872. 


Samuel Atkins, 

Harvard 1817, 
m. Mary Lyman, 





:Geo. Ticknor, 

Dartmouth 1805. 

William Eliot, 



II I ! 

irles, Francis, Catherine I 

1862, Eliot, I 

Harv. 1886. 1866. | 


passed away, leaving to her children and surviving friends a 
memory full of light and the radiance of a beautiful life. 

Her husband, Samuel Eliot, 1739 — 1820, was the only son 
of a Samuel Eliot, bookseller and publisher in Boston, who died 
young leaving a wife and several children. His brother the 
Rev. Andrew Eliot was a divine of distinguished excellence of 
heart and mind. The family had been several generations in 
America. Mrs Eliot was loft destitute and her brother-in-law 
having a large family was able to give but little aid. But the 
lad Samuel was full of zeal in laboring to support mother and 
sisters, and on coming of age had already secured an enviable 
reputation for industry, integrity and commercial cap:icity, and 
was soon established as an independent merchant. At the age 
of twenty-six he married Miss Elizabeth Barrell, daughter of 
Joseph B., a man of wealth and prominence in the city. One 
daughter, Fanny, was the result of this union, a lady who owed 
the best of her development to her stepmother. 

Mr. Eliot was fond of intelligent society, and was appreciated 
and sought by men of wit and standing about him. In a trip 
to Europe prior to the Revolution he sought and met with ad- 
vantage many of the best social and intellectual ranks, an ex- 
perience repeated in a later visit after peace was restored. 
Though full of sympathy for the patriot cause, he closed his 
store and resided outside of the city during its occupation by 
British troops. 

Mrs. Eliot dying, he remained a widower some years, and 
well dissatisfied with his lonely state until his happy encounter 
with Miss Atkins. 

While a thorough man of business, a strict regard for the 
moralities of trade was ever accompanied by a genuine philan- 
thropy in which he was anxious his right hand should not 
know the deeds of his left. Lacking formal education in boy- 
hood, his love of books and keen interest in learning rendered 
him before many years a man of wide and elegant information.* 

*Mr. Eliot's di.stril)utioii of his estate hy devise marks its extent aiul liis aiiiialiil- 
ity. Mrs. E. was to liave $5,000 pei' aiiiuini witli tiu'ir residence and appurte- 
nances complete (slie survived liim nine years), and I30.O0O alisolute. Tliere was 
$88,000 in legacies— including $8,000 to his brother-in-law 1). A. Tyng. tlie residue go- 
ing equally to the ciiildieu except that tlie sons were to liave each :f;t0.000 more 
than the daugliters. In the legacies, $10,000 to the Asylum fortlie Insane, $2,{KK) for 
the benefit of widows of Congregational clergymen, while many frlen<isan(l reiati\es 
had froni$300a year to $ii,OOOalisolute. In 1814 he had muniticently founded a (ireek 
Professorship at Harvard, a deed he succeeded in keeping sci-ret until his dcatli. 


Elizabuth.=Benjamm Guild, Charles, 
n«(l-1.174. I (1. 1858, ;rt. 72. 1791-181.1, 
■ - Harv. 1 SOS). 

Catherine,=AiKlrews Norton, 
179.3-1879. I n8(i-18.5.1, 
• I Ilarv. 1,8(J4 

Kliiif, Cathorine 

|8;ii. Atkins, 


Anna Calint 
Lowell, 1818- 
18- m. Chas. 
IF. Mills, nier- 

ehant,, (he <1. 

1S72.) 1 

Arthur, b. 185^ 
Harv. 1872, ni 
.Jane Barrett. 

Mary Eliot. Sophia, Ellen, 

,1821-1879, 1823- , 1828-1862, 
in. Samuel m. .John m. Hon. 

Parkman, Wells, Edward 

phj'siclan, Judge Twisleton, 

(he d. 1854), Mass. of London, 

Harv. ISIO. Sup. England. 
I Court, 
d. I 

1824- , 
Harv. 1844, 
m. Ellen 

Coolidge. Harv. 1840. 
of R. W. 
Emerson, ete.) 


1830- , 

m. .James 



AV. W. Vaughan. 

.J. Walter, 
1854- , 
Harv. 1879, 

Frank Elliot, . Edward Thomas 

1859- , Harv. Twisleton, Handasyde, 
1880, m. 1886, 1861- , 1864- , 

Ethel Cunning- Harv. 1883. Harv. 1886. 
ham. Issue. 

• Benjamin, Samuel Eliot, Elizabeth Catherine Harriet Charles Eliot, Edward Chipman, 

1818-1818. 1819-1862, Quincv, Eliot, Jackson, 1827-,.Harv. 1832- Ilev. 

Harv. 1S39. I,s2:- 1823-1824. 1825- 1846, m. Marv Harv. 1853, m. 

m. Eliziibclh L Eliot, (dan. Emma Cadwalla- 

Henderson S. A. E.) der. I 

William Havard, 
Harvard 1815, 
m. Margaret 

Boies Bradford. 
She d. 1864. 

Samuel Atkins, 


Harvard 1817, 

m. Marv Lyman, 


Geo. Tieknor, 

l")artmoiith 1805. 

1 Eliot, 

William Stephen, 

Norton, 1855, 

1853, Harv. 

Harv. 1878. 


Eliot, ■ 
■ 1863, 
Harv. 1885. 
m. Sep. 1890 
Margaret P 

Sara, Elizabeth Rupert, Margaret, 
1864. Gaskell, 1S67, 1870. 

1866. Harv. 
, Medical 


William I'rescott, Margaret Bradffiril, 

1826-1885, m. 1830- , 

Eleanor Chapin. m. Louis llolstcin. 

Charlotte Samuel Eliot, 

Henderson, 1850- , Harv. 

184S- 1872, m. 1890, 



Henry Eleanor, Charles Catherine 
Eliot. 1860- Eliot, Eliot, 

1859- 1862. 1864. 



Harv. 1874. 

1857- , 
m. John 

Amory, Gi 

1856- , 186 

larv. 1877, Har 

m. 1881, Sri 
Clarke, . 

Mary Lyman, 
1827- , m. C. E. 
Guild. (See Guilds 

Elizabeth Lyman 
1,831- , m. Stephe 
Hopkins Tfidlard. '( 

■' I 

Charles William. Catherine Atkins, 

1834- , Harv. 1853, 1836-1882, m. Francis 

President Harvard H. Storer. Jlarvard 

ITniversitv. rii. 1 1855. 

Frances Anne, 
1838- , m. Rev. 
Henry Wilder Foote. 

1838-1889. Harvard 

Mary John Ellen Theodore Stephen 

Lyman, Eliot, Twisleton, Lyman, Eliot, 

18(;o. 1861. 1865. 1867. 1871. 

Of E ll en Peabody . 

Charles, 1859, Francis, Samuel Atkins, Rev. Robert 

Harv. 1882, m. 1888, 1861-1861, 1862, Harv. 1884, m. Oct. 1889, Peabody, 
Mary Yale Pitkin. Frances Stone Hopkinson. 1866-186". 

Pastor Unitarian Ch. Denver, 


Mar^■, 1 Frances Eliot, I Dorothea, 
1864-1885. ( Henry Wilder, f 1882. 

Harvard 1881. 



Harv. 1889. 


Mary Harrison Eliot, daughter of the last, 1T8S-1S46, was 
niarried in 1809 to 

Edmund Dwigiit, who was born in Springfield, (where he 
lived many years;) Nov. 28, 1780, died Apr. 1, 1849. He was 
graduated at Yale, 1799. After studying law, and traveling 
widely in Europe, he became a merchant at his native place. 
His house established important manufactories at Chicopee and 
Holyoke. He was interested in railroads and was president of 
one company. He was several sessions in the legislature ; 
a founder of the American Antiquarian Society ; and a warm 
friend of educational progress in his state, having the honor of 
suggesting the normal-school system. 

Edward Chipman Guild, son of Eliza Eliot and Benj. Guild, 
born Eeb. 29, 18?)2, was graduated at Harvard, 185)^, and stud- 
ied Divinity. Although settled over large parishes and full of 
professional duties, he has found time to cultivate literary tastes 
in himself and to encourage them among his associates. Of a 
genial temperament, he identities himself rapidly with his people. 
Fond of books himself he has delighted to lend his books freely 
to his neighbors, and even the manuscripts of his lectures have 
been loaned extensively to the elderly or decrepit who were un- 
able to attend their delivery. Of recent years, settled at Bruns- 
wick, Maine, he has lectured on special literary themes in Bow- 
doin College. Before me lies a card naming one course of lec- 
tures given there in 1889, the titles reading. The Functions of 
Poetry; The Life and Character of Wordsworth; Nature, Man 
and God in Wordsworth's Poetry ; Wordsworth as a Critic ; 
History of Criticism on Wordsworth. He has traveled extens- 
ively and intelligently in Europe, and has written up the anti- 
quarian lore of Brunswick, of whose Historical Society he is an 
active member. 

Charles Eliot, son of Catherine Atkins and Samuel Eliot, 
born Nov. 8, 1791; died Sept. 28, 1813; was graduated at Har- 
vard, 1809; and remained there studying divinity. Already he had 
begun to preach when taken away, and he had evinced consid- 
erable literary ability, writing sermons, as well as reviews, etc.,. 


for periodicals of the dtiy. Warm obituaries of him were writ- 
ten by Edward Everett, Prof. Norton and others. He was a 
young man of great strength of intellect, a clear reasoner, a 
graceful wiiter ; of the purest character ; ardently industrious ; 
his death was a serious loss to his aged father, who ordered a 
memorial volume prepared containing specimens of his literary 
work and the lamentations of friends upon his decease. 

William Havard Eliot, son of Catherine Atkins and Sam- 
uel Eliot., born 12 Dec, 1795; died <! Dec, 1831. He mar- 
ried 1820, Margaret Boies Bradford. A lawyer, called '4)01- 
liant," always spoken of as gay, delightful, etc., the joy of the 
household. A public spirited man, he fostered musical culture 
in Boston; built the Tremont House, a model hotel in its day; 
was in the legislature; and died a candidate for the Mayoralty. 

Dr. Samuel Eliot, son of Wm. H. Eliot, born 1821, was 
graduated at Harvard, 1830, with the highest honors in his 
class, and, after considerable European travel, was President 
of Trinity College, Hartford, 1860-64, having been before 
Brownell Professor of History and Political Science. He re- 
ceived the degree L. L. D. from Columbia College, N. Y., 
1863, and from Harvard, 1880. He has published several 
works of importance, a History of Liberty, etc., a Manual of 
United States History, a volume of Poetry for Children and 
other educational works. He has also been much interested in 
the schools of Boston, having been head master of the girls 
High School, superintendent of the Boston Public Schools, 
1878-80, Member Boston School Committee, 1885. An over- 
seer of Harvard, and lecturer there, 1870-73. President of the 
American Social Science Association, inaugurating Civil Service 
Reform in the United States. President of various charitable 
and educational institutions, and associated in conducting a very 
useful society for the promotion of studies at home; in all, a 
very honorable, industrious and useful career. 

Sami EL Atkins Eliot, born Mar. 5, 17I>S, died Jan. 2!), 
1862, (son of Samuel Eliot and Catherine Atkins), married 
Mary Lyman, June 8, 1826. He was graduated at Harvard, 


1817, and, studying divinity, was graduated at the Harvard 
Divinity School in 1820. He was Treasurer of the college 
1842-53, Mayor of Boston, 1837-39, much engaged in state pol- 
itics, and member of U. S. Congress, 1850-51. As president of 
the Academy of Music, in 1841, he fostered the first develop- 
ment of Boston's symphony culture. Author of a History of 
Harvard College. 

Charles William Eliot, son of last, born Boston Mar. 20, 
1834; graduated Harvard, 1853, second scholar in his class. Tu- 
tor, Adjunct Professor of Mathematics and Chemistry there; 
1861 transferred to Lawrence Scientific School; pursued study 
of Chemistry farther in Europe; 1865 appointed Professor of 
Chemistry and Metallurgy, Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy. In 1869 he succeeded Thos. Hill as President of Harvard 
University, being then but thirty-five years of age. L. L. D, 
from Williams, 1869, New Jersey, (Princeton) 1869, Yale, 1870. 
His elevation to the presidency of America's greatest Univers- 
ity was received with general satisfaction among those interest- 
ed in its welfare. Prof Adrieii Jacquinot of France wrote, "In 
its present President it has had the good fortune to meet with a 
man of strong character, of a disposition at once bold and prac- 
tical, of an intelligence as elevated as it is lucid, indefatigable 
in the pursuit of progress, — in a word, with the very man that 
was necessary for the work that is being accomplished," (1880,) 
sentiments fully shared by the people of this country. Remark- 
able changes for the better have been made in all the work of 
the university under his judicious care. He married 1st Ellen 

Derby Peabody, 27 Oct. 1858 and 2d daughter Thos. 

Hopkinson (H.'^U. 1830), Oct. 30, 1877. 

Catherine Atkins Eliot, daughter S. A. E. and M. L., born 
April 27, 1836, married Francis Humphreys Storer who was 
born Boston 1832, graduated Lawrence Scientific School, Har- 
vard University 1855, and has been Professor Massachusetts 
Institute Technology, Boston. He edited Barreswill's Repertoire 
de Chimie Appliquee, and published works on Alloys of Copper 
and Zinc, 1859, Manufacture of ParaflSne Oils, 1860, First Out- 
lines of a Dictionary of the Solubilities of Chemical Substances, 
1863-64, and with C. W. Eliot a Manual of Inorganic Chemis- 


try, 1869, and a manual of Qualitative Chemical Analysis, ISTO. 

Catherine Eliot, burn Sept. 7, lTy:^>; died 1879, daughter 
Catherine Atkins and Samuel Eliot, was married May 15, 1821, 
to Andrews Norton, Lecturer on Biblical Criticism, etc. Refer- 
ring to their engagement, my grandfather wrote, Oct. 1820, 
"The immediate connections seem unanimously to be delighted 
with it"— implying Mr. Norton's great popularity, and, "For 
my own part, I say only that Biblical Criticism has rarely been 
so well rewarded.'" 

Her husband, Andrews Norton, 1786-1853, born Hingham, 
Mass. ; after graduation at Harvard in 1804, studied theology, was 
tutor at Bowdoin and Harvard. In 1813 he began as Lecturer 
on Biblical Criticism, and for some years was Librarian. U|ion 
the organization of the Divinity School (1819) he took the Dex- 
ter Professorship of Sacred Literature, resigning in 1830 be- 
cause of his health, and devoting the remainder of his years to 
literary pursuits, writing many devotional poems, essays, re- 
views. An elaborate and learned work which he published in 
1837-1855, "The Genuineness of the Gospels," maintained Uni- 
tarian principles and withstood infidelity. 

Charles Eliot Norton, L. L. 1)., L. H. I)., son of the two 
last, born at Cambridge, Nov. 16, 1827, was graduated at Har- 
vard 1846. After engaging in commercial occupations and 
traveling extensively, he published in 1853 "Considerations on 
some Recent Social Theories;" in 1855 ho edited, with Dr. Ezra 
Abbot, his father's unpublished writings. After further travel 
in Europe he issued ''Notes of Travel and Siudy in Italy," 1860; 
was associate editor North American Review, 1861-68; pub- 
lished translation Dante's Vita Nuova, 18)7; again in Europe 
1868-73; L. L. D., Oxford 1881; and is at piesent Professor of the 
History of Art in Harvard University. He edited, very accept- 
ably to the reading world, the correspondence of Thcmias C:»r- 
lyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson. He also published (1891) a 
translation of Dante's "Divine Comedy," in three volumes. 

Anna Eijot. daughter of Catherme Atkins and Samuel Eliot, 


born Sjpt. 23, 180;»; died 18S5. This excelleat l:idy, the par- 
fected flower of Boston's best culture, was the youngest child 
of her parents. In 1821, Sept, 18, she was married to George 
Ticknor, Prof, of Belles -Lettres, Harvard University. She 
prepared a charmingly written sketch of the lives of her pnr- 
ents, entitled "Samuel Eliot, Boston, bSf)!}", and some years 
later, assisted by her daughter and Mr. Hilliard, she issued the 
''Life, Letters and Journals of George Ticknor, 2 vols., Osgood 
& Co., Boston, 1876," of which, the London Athenaeum said, 
"On the whole we are inclined to think that this is the very best 
book of its class that has ever come over to us from America." 
Her ourtesy to the writer in his inquiries as to family history 
was most marked and cordial. 

Her husband, Georc4E Ticknor, born 1791, died 1871, gradu- 
ated at Dartmouth College (where his father, a wealthy merchant, 
had been graduated before him). He studied law, was admitted 
to the bar in 1813, but speedily abandoned law for literature 
and in this connection visited Europe in 1815, spending two 
years at the University of Gottingen. In 1818 he went to 
Spain to gather materials for his projected lectures and works; 
returned to U. S., 1819, and was formally inducted into the 
Professorship of Belles-Lettres in August of that year. In 1835 
he was again in Europe, returning in 1838, after which his time 
was wholly engaged on the great work of his life, his History 
of Spanish Literature, published 1849. A fourth edition, care- 
fully revised by himself, appeared in 1872. Of this splendid 
work, the Athenaeum said, "To Mr. T. Spain owes the most 
careful and elaborate account in our language of her rich and 
v.-irious literature. The success of the book was immediate, and 
its author at once took his place among the most distinguished 
men of letters in America.'" Again, of him, "In Mr. Ticknor's 
death his country lost one of the ripest scholars and one of the 
truest gentlemen she has as yet given to the world.'' Lord 
Macaulay recommended the Queen to read his book on Spanish 
Literature, and from my ovvn pleasure in reading it I modestly 
c )mmend its perusal to all who read this paragraph. He took 
great interest in the Boston Public Library and made a trip to 
Europe in its behalf. 

Anna Eliot Ticknor, daughter of the last, rendered able and 


extensive service in the preparation of the Life and Letters of 
her distinguished father. Mrs. Ticknor wrote me, "The most 
important portions of the volumes, the connecting sketches, 
were by my oldest daughter." For many years she was deeply 
and efficiently interested in the society for the encouragement 
of studies at home, the pupils being guided by correspondence; 
a most useful and beneficent institution. 



The subject of this sketch was the fifth child and second son 
of Dudley Atkins and Sarah Kent. He was bora at Newbury- 
port, Sept. 3, 1760; the advantageous environment of his earlier 
days is sufficiently portrayed in the sketches I have furnished of 
his parents. Though reared in most restricted circumstances, 
an air of refinement was ever thrown about him by that admir- 
able mother, and his correct development was fostered by his 
two estimable elder sisters, both women of superior taste and 
judgment. His earlier education was had under the kindly 
sway of that eccentric but much admired pedagogue. Master 
Moody. The mother wrote in 17TY to Mr. Searle: ''His mas- 
ter is not only his tutor but his great Benefactor. Last ftill he 
made some efforts towards getting an education for him and 
made application to some near connections, but was repulsed. 
He was too tender to say anything to me about it, but I heard 
of it in another way. But he told the lad not to be discouraged, 
he would give him a year's living, and he did not doubt but he 
could get him entered then."* He was doubtless a very attract- 
ive and promising youth, for Tristram Dalton, Jonathan Jack- 
son, Nathaniel and John Tracy, combined to provide the col- 
legiate course he coveted. My uncle. Dr. Tyng relates an in- 
stance of our subject's gratitude to one of his benefactors. Tris- 
tram Dalton, who has had the chief credit in promoting this 
Harvard advantage, met with reverses and died poor. "My fath- 
er assumed the charge and protection of his family, and more 
than repaid to them all that he had received. The eldest son, then a 
man of prosperous occupation, gave me this information in very 
grateful terms." S. H. T. At Cambridge his high standing jus- 
lilied his selection with John Davis (mentioned later) as the 

*Saniuel Moody, Harvard 1763, wa.s the earliest teacher in Duiinner Academy, he 
was "a stout, stalwart man, odd and eccenti'ic; but few teachers have been more 
revered and beloved by their pupils;" a hearty patron of all worthy sports includ- 
ing swimming, he made a sensation in the staid community by introducing dancing 
into his school. He ruled to the advantage of many pupils, for thirty years, dying, 
after six years retirement, in 1796. His epitaph marks his "Sociability. Industry. In- 
tegrity. Piety." and the gratitude of those he had taught. 


two assistants to Dr. Williams, Prof, of Astronomy at Harvard 
College, in an expedition made to Penobscot Bay, with the con- 
sent of the British Commander there, to observe the total 
eclipse of the sun in 1780. He was graduated in 1781, made 
Master of Arts soon after, and received the same (honorary) de- 
gree from Dartmouth in 1791:. ''The college was shaken to its 
centre by the revolutionary war. Its students were for a time 
dispersed, its funds dilapidated and sunk by depreciated paper. 
The old race of ripe scholars had disappeared and nothing but 
the shadow of its past glories remained. The successive admin- 
istrations of Locke and Langdon had completed the ruin which 
civil commotions had begun. That Mr. Tyng should have 
made himself a sound scholar under such disadvantages is the 
best proof of the vigor of his mind, and the intensity of his ap- 
plication. That he was such a scholar, to all the useful pur- 
poses of life, we all know. He had a ripe and chaste taste in 
literature. He was well conversant with English history and 
belles-lettres. His conversation and writings afford abundant 
proofs of it." — Lowell. 

Having profited so well by his studies, he at once proceeded 
to Virginia where he became tutor in the family of Mrs. Selden, 
sister of Judge Mercer, a member of the highest court in the 
Old Dominion. 

''He however entered as a student in Judge Mercer's office 
and there laid the foundation (and an excellent one it must have 
been) of his sul)sequent legal knowledge. He was admitted to 
practice in Virginia, and on his return to his native state, he 
was also admitted to full practice here. This is the whole his- 
tory of Mr. Tyng's law advantages, and we are the more dis- 
posed to take notice of it as it will show the rare force of his 
mind, and the readiness with which he made intellectual attain- 
ments. Upon his return from Virginia in 1784- he was by the 
influence and efiective exertions of his early friend and instruct- 
or, Chief Justice Parsons, admitted (171M) to the Essex bar.'' L. 
From the Massachusetts State House records I glean that he 
was appointed Justice of the Peace Dec. 1, 1785, for the County 
of Essex. 

But here we encounter a diversion in his career that, with an 
air of golden promise, proved well-nigh disastrous, robbed a large 
family of its rightful name, and brought serious trial and little 


profit to this young lawyer. Within two j^ears after his grad- 
uation it was conveyed to him that a very distant relative (see 
Tyng chart) contemplated making him her heir. Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Eleazur Tyng, had married John Winslow of Boston, but, 
widowed, childless, and aging, clinging affectionately to her 
family name, which was fast disappearing from New England 
annals where once it had shone brightly, she formed the design 
of pursuading young Dudley Atkins, by reason of his descent 
equally with herself from the Hon. Edward Tyng, to accept a 
portion of the large Tyng estate and to add to his name the 
name of her youth. Judge John Lowell was brother-in-law to 
Mrs. Winslow and the nearest friend to Mrs. Atkins, Dudley's 
mother, and was the confidential adviser of each.* In an evil 
hour my grandfather accepted the name and the land. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
In the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety. • 


To enable Dudley Atkins, Esquire, to take the Surname of 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same as 

Section 1. Whereas Dudley Atkins of Newbury in the 
county of Essex, Esquire, has petitioned this Court, setting 
forth that he is descended from the family of Tyng; that Mrs. 
Sarah Winslow of Tyngsborough in the county of Middlesex, 
being a descendant from the same family, and having no children , 
has devised to him a considerable part of her estate, and has 
requested him to take the surname of Tyng, and therefore pray- 
ing the interposition of this Court for that purpose: 

Be it therefore enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of 
the same. That the said Dudley Atkins be, and he hereby is 
enabled to take upon himself the surname of Tyng, in addition 

*Juclge John Lowell (father of the eulogist) was born in Newbui-y 1743— Graduated 
Harvard 1760. Married, first. Miss Higglnson, daughter S. H. Higginson; second, 
Susanna Cabot, daughter Francis Cabot; third. Mis. Rebecca Tyng. widow of 
James Tyng and daughter Judge James Russell. 


to his present name, and that he be hereafter known and called 
by the name of Dudley Atkins Tynw. 

Act parsed Jan. 16, 1790. 

The land, it is said, amounted to a thousand acres, but was of 
inferior quality and speedily consumed all available capital 
in convincing him of the fatuity of his further tenure of it. 
"Our excellent friend and associate, whose delicacy was pre- 
eminent above his other virtues, never lisped one complaint. 
He took possession of his farm of very indifferent soil, generally, 
and with scientific skill he tried its capacities till he found ruin 
the inevitable consequence. His pride, and no man had a 
greater share of that honorable quality (honorable, when modi- 
fied by good sense), induced him to persevere until all his 
friends demanded a change." — Lowell. He sold the place, but 
I have been told that it subsequently acquired great value as 
residence and business property. Presumably this residence, 
during the years 1T91 — 1795, when ''he seems to have taken a 
prominent interest in the aflairs of Tyngsborough," led to his 
devoted promotion of canal building — a matter of great import- 
ance prior to the advent of steam transportati(m. "To his mind 
and. exertions, we owe the first canal ever made in Massachusetts, 
around Patucket Falls in the Merrimack, a work which was of 
great value to his native town and county, and now (1830) the 
site of the greatest manufacturing establishment in this coun- 
try"— L. 

In one of his letters twenty odd years later he mentions going 
with his wife on his annual pilgrimage to the canal, and in 
May, 1819, says "I was obliged to subscribe 500 more for a 
canal in Merrimack River for the relief of my suffering friends 
at Newburyport," while in Nov. 1821 he tells his son of the 
generous conduct of some Boston gentlemen who were propos- 
ing to establish "a very extensive cotton manufactory and have 
fallen in love with the canal at Chelmsford." In their purchase 
of the shares the stock rose from 60 to 100, and the gentlemen 
offered him the highest price with ample pi-ivilege of invest- 
ment with them. As his widow held such manufacturing stock, 
it would appear he decided to invest. 

In 1791 his would-be benefactor, Mrs. Winslow, died. Her 
kinsman, "Judge Tyng, who was a man of strong will and 

Sarah Wi 


'. 1776, 



1). Mar. 18. i- 1803. 
(I. Jan. 2, ]f!l. Apr. 2. 182;]. 
m. 1, Charlt harvard 1822, 
June 28. 18ll nnm. 
'1822) m. 

Mary Cabot, 
1). Mav 4, 1804. 
(1. July 25, 184V). 
m. Oct. 2.'). 1S29, 
RoV)ert Cross, 
(Harv. 1819. b. Ju- 

James Higginson 
b. ]\[av 12, 1807, 
(1. Apr. «. 1879. 
u). Jan. 1, 1830, 
Matilda Degen, (she 
b. June 12. isiOor II 


to his present name, and that he be hereafter known and called 
by the name of Dudley Atkins Tynor. 

Act passed Jan. 16, 1790. 

The land, it is said, amounted to a thousand acres, but was of 
inferior quality and speedily consumed all available capital 
in convincing him of the fatuity of his further tenure of it. 
"Our excellent friend and associate, whose delicacy was pre- 
eminent above his other virtues, never lisped one complaint. 
He took possession of his farm of very indifferent soil, generally, 
and with scientific skill he tried its capacities till he found ruin 
the inevitable consequence. His pride, and no man had a 
greater share of that honorable quality (honorable, when modi- 
fied by good sense), induced him to persevere until all his 
friends demanded a change." — Lowell. He sold the place, but 
I have been told that it subsequently acquired great value as 
residence and business property. Presumably this residence, 
during the years 1791 — 1795, when ''he seems to have taken a 
prominent interest in the aflairs of Tyngsborough," led to his 
devoted promotion of canal building — a matter of great import- 
ance prior to the advent of steam transportation. "To his mind 
and exertions, we owe the first canal ever made in Massachusetts, 
around Patucket Falls in the Merrimack, a work which was of 
great value to his native town and county, and now (1830) the 
site of the greatest manufacturing establishment in this coun- 
try"— L. 

In one of his letters twenty odd years later he mentions going 
with his wife on his annual pilgrimage to the canal, and in 
May, 1819, says "I was obliged to subscribe 500 more for a 
canal in Merrimack River for the relief of my suffering friends 
at Newburyport," while in Nov. 1S21 he tells his son of the 
generous conduct of some Boston gentlemen who were propos- 
ing to establish "a very extensive cotton manufactory and have 
fallen in love with the canal at Chelmsford." In their purchase 
of the shares the stock rose from 60 to 100, and the gentlemen 
offered him the highest price with ample privilege of invest- 
ment with them. As his widow held such manufacturing stock, 
it would appear he decided to invest. 

In 1791 his would-be benefactor, Mrs. Winslow, died. Her 
kinsman. "Judge Tyng, who was a man of strong will and 


( (1. Nov. 2, 1808. 

^ 1st Sarah Higginson, ]' _ _ 
I 2d Elizabeth Higginson, ]S'jaIf'5]^ 
S. H. 

nnah Cleveland, 

h. Oct. 25, 1795, 
.1. .Tilly 8, 1882, 
Ml. Edward A. N 

.Inly 13, 1837, I 
Aug. 18, 1862.) 

.. Mar. 1 



By C. H. I Hy T. 

1). Oct. 16, 1831, 
m. 1, Laura Wood, 
(li. .lulv 20. 1833, d. 
Seiit. 17. 18.58.) m.2, 
(Dec. (i, 181)0,) Mar- 
garet SearleCiirson 
(sec Searle Chart.) 

b. Aui 

Charles Edward, 

Mary Jane, 

b. .Jan. 12, 1.S61, b. Dec. 23, 1882, 

m. Sept. 12. 1881, rn. Dec. 23, 1884. 

Gustav Willson. .1 ijseph A. Kraus. 

1. Frederick 
Robert, b. 1 
14. 18-3. 

2. Zella. b. Oc 

.Stella Maria, 

, 1.S42. Ediic. Dure 

. and in Hauovei 

July 1.5, 186! 

(1. Up- 

Fanny Higgins 
b. Sept. 10, 1842, 
James Bryant Wi 
er. Lawyer, Harv; 
1860. Sept. 10, 1! 
(he b. .Tan. 5, H 

2, 1844. d. h. 
1858, by acci- d. 

ill Tyng, 
23, I!'67, 

Frederick Brewster, Maria Bartholow, 


idley Fanny Holjart lUi.ssell 
.•ng. Tyng, Brown, Degen, 
Sov. 1874- b. May 1SS3- 

lui\ 11 1826 
\Vm C Dnper 

s V 0^]^ 

Feb 23 1838 
Sept 1 1886 
1 Heinnch R 
! Bremen Gdn 

b Oa 1 isai 
m OU 14 1846 
John Clurles Coxe 
b Ipr ', 1814 

PiuhiiL lugustl 
Ihotnpson, adopttd 
daughter of IT. and 
C B. Ries, (Xext before ) 
-. Mary Bowman Wheeler, 
b. Julys, 1868. 

lulia Anton Rockwell 

1 Astley b Vug 11 ISbl 
m Julj 4 ISOl 
Vlice Kindred Hyde 
3 Kate b Ian 10 1861 

Harv Sci School 1861 s B 
L I College Hospital I863 
M D m Sept 18 1866 
Sarah Edmonds of England 

1 Virginia 

b July 12 1867 

2 Dudlej 

b \ug 7 1868 
m May 4 IW 
Jessie McDonald 

1 Dudley 

Dudley Atkins Tyng Jiad 31 grandchildren who 
survived the earlier years of infancy. Of these 18 
are still living at ages ranging from 48 to 65. average 
■mH years. 

The average of those dead was 42 years, but as 5 of 
these died as the result of violence, it is of interest 
to note that the other 8 averaged 49 years, two being 
72 and 74 respectively. As showing the favorable 
bearing of these simple figures on the longevity of 
this line I will state that a well established life in- 
surance company in New York City gives the aver- 
age age at death among 2000 carefully chosen lives 
(excluding deaths by violence) as 48 4-5. 


grent prejudices, was never reconciled to the taking of the name 
of Tyng by Mr. Atkins, and did many things to annoy and 
harass him." 

Yielding to the urgency of bitter experience and the kindly 
importunities of friends, he accepted, in 1795, the position of 
Collector of the Port of Newburyport from President Washing- 
ton—a position the commerce of that old town rendered of con- 
siderable importance. "No man in the United States, from 
Maine to Georgia, ever performed the duties of a Collector with 
greater fidelity, exactitude, and ability, than he performed them. 
The testimony of his recent neighbors and of the Treasury De- 
partment, will prove this fact. He left that office with a repu- 
tation as spotless as that with which, thirty years afterward, he 
left the world." — L. The profound political overturning by 
which the Democrats secured control of the government left 
Mr. Tyng (himself a stanch Federalist) adrift in 1803. Remov- 
ing to Boston he was appointed Reporter to the Supreme Court 
of the Commonwealth, Mr. Ephraim Williams, who had been 
the reporter the first year, having resigned. 

This opened the chief work of his life, and I add Mr. LoAvelFs 
comments thereon: 

"Here commenced the more public character of our late vener- 
ated associate. The oflice to which he was appointed was one of 
the most important and interesting in our republic Mr. Tyng 
took upon himself these arduous duties under disadvantages 
which would have made any other man shudder. The writer of 
this notice has often thought, that the intrepidity and self-reli- 
ance, which induced Mr. Tyng to undertake this task, could only 
be equalled by his extraordinary success in its execution. Let 
us pause to reflect that he had only an education in Virginia 
during which he had been a private preceptor — that he had 
afterwards but a transient practice at the bar, that the rest of 
his life had been spent in agricultural pursuits, and as Collector 
of Newburyport; and what must be our surprise at his under- 
taking, at more than forty years of age, the important duty of 
reporting the judicial decisions of this great Commonwealth? 
Yet there was neither vanity nor presumption on his part. 
Those who selected and recommended him were well aware of 
the powers of his mind, and the admirable adaptation of his ha- 
bits to the office proposed for him. They were in no degree 


disappointed. He fulfilled those duties as well as, and probably 
much bettor than many men who are eminent advocates at the 
bar could possibly have done. The writer of the present article 
has been so long withdrawn from professional practice that his 
opinion would deserve very little weight; yet so far as his opinion 
would go (after fourteen years' extensive practice at the bar) he 
may be permitted to say, that no legal reports in use in his day 
were to be compared to those of Mr. Tyng, for simplicity, ful- 
ness, and accuracy of general statement of the case, upon which 
much of the merits of any reports must depend. But the writer 
should do very little justice to Mr. Tyng if he expressed only 
his crude opinions, the opinions of a man who has forgotten half 
the law he once learned. The reputation of Mr. Tyng as a re- 
porter rests on the opinion of the late Chief Justice Parsons, 
Judge Story, Chief Justice Parker, Judges Jackson, Putnam, 
Wilde, and of the profession generally. It may be asked by 
the ignorant, what proof does an able report afford of talent in 
the reporter? To this we may reply, that no man can give an 
able report of an argument, a sermon, a discourse, without fully 
comprehending it. No man can give a scientific statement of 
the grounds of any action, and the pleadings, without being a 
well and thorough bred lawyer. It is then a matter of histor- 
ical fact that our friend, our lamented friend, Mr. Tyng, was 
a sound lawyer, a man ot acute mind, of accurate percept- 
ions. Of the almost infinite labour which he must have 
sustained and undergone in preparing these reports for the press 
and in supervising their publication, no man can be sufficiently 
sensible who has not submitted to this dreadful process; that he 
has produced works which will endure as long as our liberties, 
and be praised till they shall be extinct, is a source of satisfat- 
ion to his surviving friends. * * * * If Mr. Tyng had 
never felt the oppressive weight of patronage, we should have 
seen him at the head of the Essex bar, and sustaining an honour- 
able distinction on the bench of the highest court of law." — L. 

Competent members of the bar have assured me as to the high 
standing of these Reports to this day, and of the recognition by 
all lawyers of the presumption that only one singularly well fitted 
for the function would be selected as Reporter. 

Allibone, in his great Dictionary of Authors noting this six- 


teen volumed monument to my grandsire's labors,* refers to 
Parsons' Memoir of Chief Justice Parsons, 1859, page 423, and 
after saying "The high character of these Reports, for sound 
and varied learning, is well known," refers to Marvin's Leg. 
Bibl. 700; 1 Amer. Jur., 182, XVIII, 280, 402; 7 N. Amer. 
Rev. 184 (by T. Metcalf), XVIII, 371 (by C. Gushing); Story's 
Miscell. Writings, ed. 1853, 288. This was the great work of 
his life, and it is with no little pride that his descendants regard 
the credit attaching to him thereupon. 

From April SO, 1793, he held membership in the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, and was honored at his death, at the 
request of the society, in an eulogy pronounced by his intimate 
friend, Hon. John Lowell. In 1820 he had the pleasure of transmit- 
ting, with a letter to Hon. John Davis, L. L. D. — his old time 
astronomical associate — then president of the society, the origi- 
nal autograph Address of Gen. Washington to the oflScers of the 
American Army at Newburg, N. Y., 1783, with documents 
showing its wanderings. A fine heliotype reprint of this valu- 
able paper and the accompanying letters was brought out by the 
society during the centennial epoch, 1875 et seq. 

His interest in Harvard was great and steady; and that institu- 
tion conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws in 1823. 
He was a trustee, as well as alumnus, of Dummer Academy, 
and zealous in promoting its prosperity. At the centennial of 
Dummer, Aug. 12, 1863, that fine old teacher, Nehemiah Cleve- 
land, spoke warmly in his address of Mr, Tyng's great kindness 
to him, specifying "his twinkling eye, his pleasant smile, his 
portly frame," wishing it were his lot "to sit with him again at 
that hospitable board, with its conservative traces of the olden 
manners — the pewter plate from which he always ate his dinner, 
and the silver tankard which stood by its side." From 1815 to 
1821 he was an overseer of Harvard College. 

I have a large pile of letters written by him to his son. Dr. 
Dudley Atkins, between 1814 and 1826, which are very inter- 
esting reading both for grace of style and for the varied infor- 
mation of their matter. In them one has glimpses of five as 
lively boys as ever blessed a household, my father and my re- 

*Cases Argued and Determined in the Supreme Judicial Court of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts. Sept. 1804 to Mar. 1822; 17 vols. 8vo (Vol. 1, by Eph. Wil- 
liams-V. 2 to 17 by D. A. Tyng). 


spected uncles. At times the old man's heart weakens at their 
juvenile pranks. Dr. Tyng says ''We were a healthful, robust, 
perhaps a troublesome family; but I cannot remember having 
ever seen a sick person in my father's house until I saw him 
upon his bed of death.'' There was an occasional rustication 
from Harvard and a marked restlessness in their settlement n 
early adult years. Even my uncle Stephen, the staidest of the 
lot — with his fervid zeal, when, leaving trade he plunged into a 
theological course — bewildered the old gentleman by his aggress- 
ive form of religion, and finally utterly routed his equanimity 
by the announcement of his rapid wooing and winning of the 
good Bishop and his daughter. Later, I fancy, he would have 
been glad had his other sons shared some of Stephen's tremend- 
ous energy and unquenchable eagerness in professional pursuits. 

His reluctance to have his sons enter the ministry, and the 
bent of three thitherward, recall the hen's dismay when her 
duckling brood took to the water. 

His letters everywhere attest his equal share and rank in 
Massachusetts society at that period, with the choicest of intel- 
lect and grace the waxing Boston could boast; the magnates of 
the bench, the bar, the forum, the higher clergy, the faculty at 
Harvard were all his mates, and his children name such com- 
rades as John Adams, Timothy Pickering, Theophilus Parsons, 
the Lowells. He was thoroughly interested in the political af- 
fairs of the age, tho' ever lamenting Democratic ascendency. A 
calm but earnest supporter of the Episcopal Church, he had but 
little patience with the intellectual ferment of the day that 
chilled vital religion. 

This tendency to replace piety by philosophy thus meets his 
disapproval, Dec. 182U: "Your mother and Miss Gibbs are 
now visiting the ladies of the parish, to collect a subscription 
for the purpose of procuring plate for the altar. I wish them 
better success than I fear they will meet. This philosophical 
religion, so fashionable in Boston, and which has its full etfect 
among the ladies, deadens all zeal; and it is well if this applica- 
tion does not excite more sneers than contributions from the 
fair ones to whom it shall be made. Religion is worth very 
little in anyone, but especially in a female, without some por- 
tion of enthusiasm, and this last is now scouted by our best 


preachers as weakness and folly. Heaven mend them."* 
"Mr. Tyng was a man of strong feelings and passions. He 
was never indifterent on any subject or as to any person. When 
he loved, he loved with an intensity, which few people feel, and 
of which, when they perceived it in him, they could scarcely 
form any conception. His temper was frank, approaching in 
the view of strangers to abruptness and severity. A nearer ap- 
proach and a more intimate knowledge convinced you that no 
man had a greater share of what is termed the milk of human 
kindness. He was the most tenderhearted man whom the writer 
of this imperfect sketch ever knew, and he was the most solicit- 
ous to conceal this weakness. He affected to do it under the 
guise of an apparent roughness, but it was ill concealed and a 
slight acquaintance showed the honest disguise. He was emi- 
nently benevolent. Distress, in whatever form it presented it- 
self, took deep hold upon his heart, and no man of his age or 
country devoted more hours or greater exertions than he did, to 
relieve the suffering, to bring forward retiring merit, and to 
soften and alleviate the anxieties and wants of his fellow men." 

His unfailing interest in the activity of affairs, and his pro- 
fessional duties, led him to various bits of travel. "Last week 
I joined a large caravan to Plymouth to celebrate the 200th 
anniversary of the landing of the Pilgrims. There was a very 
large collection from this town, Cambridge, Worcester and 
other towns. I imagine not less than fifty coaches. Dr. Kirk- 
land made a prayer, and Mr. Webster delivered an address of 
an hour and three quarters which fatigued no one. It was a 
fine display of principles, exhibited in the manner of a master. 
To this succeeded a dinner of 400 covers, addresses, toasts and 

*I should be remiss in my duty, were I to omit the following singular testimonials 
to my revered grandfather's hallowed memory. All my life familiar with the epi- 
sode. I quote from an address of Bishop Stevens (See Life of Stephen H. Tyng. by O. 
R. Tyng, N. Y.. 1890, p. 21): "Judge Tyng refused the solicitation made to him by 
Dr. Dehon, subsequently Bishop of South Carolina, who waited upon liim in the 
name and at the request of the clergy of Rliode Island and Massachusetts, and 
aslied him 'to receive orders as Deacon and Priest, that they might witli as little de- 
lay as possible, elect him their Bishop.' The transaction is singulaj'ly interesting, 
and is honorable alike to the clergy who proposed it. and to the layman wlio dt>- 
clined the proffered honor." 

A lady cousin writes me, "I have been reading old family letters— not so very old, 
but from 1830 to 1811. The one person who appears always the same, loved and ad- 
mired by his young relatives, is your grandfather. I always wish I could have 
known the charm of his manner." 


songs, which lasted till the evening, when a ball was attended 
by 000 old and young, clergy and laity, gentle folks and simple 
folks, all running over with satisfaction. I partook of all the 
pleasures but that of the evening. I was afraid that my feel- 
ings, warmed with enthusiasm as they were, would not sustain 
me through a ball. Besides I had to return in the morning, 
with the prospect of a very cold day for the ride." (Dec. 1S20). 
In 1792, Oct. 18, he married Sarah Higginson, daughter of 
Stephen Higginson, of Cambridge and Boston, an eminent mer- 
chant and member of the Continental Congress. Of this good 
lady, who bore him eight children who survived, and is kindly 
mentioned by her sons— all of whom scarcely remembered her, 
I have next to no information. Her son James wrote, ''She is 
remembered as a very bright, lovely, woman, very cheerful and 
happy. She maintained this character in the midst of trials; 
she became the mother of ten children in fifteen years, to all of 
whom she devoted herself — always in her nursery and always 
happy." She died at their residence on Federal Street, Boston, 
in 1808, and her remains lie in the burial ground on Boston 
Common, the stone near the iron railing and easily viewed. 
In 1809, Dec. 18, he married her sister, Elizabeth Higginson, a 
woman who has gained much credit for her thoroughgoing de- 
votion to her lost sister's children. She survived her husband 
and married, 2d, the Rev. James Morss, D. D., of Newbnryport, 
dying, childless^ Jan. 1841. 

This Latin epitaph was from the pen of Prof. Andrews Nor- 
ton, of Harvard. 

Dudley Atkins Tyng 

Juris bene perito, Cui Republica Massachusettensi assignatum 
fuit munus judicurn acta et decreta in commentarios referendi, 
insignis gravitate et constantia, beneficentiae singularis, exiniiae 
probitatis, incorruptae fidei Christo auctore Deum religiose 

A vita optime peracta decessit A. D. N. MDCCCXXIX, Aug. 
die 1. 

An. Nat. LXIX. 

Conjux et liberi moerentes. 

H. M. P.* 

*Dudley Atkins Tyrifj. well skilled in the law. to whom was assigned by the t'oni- 
nioiiwealth of Massachusetts tlie office of recording in resisters the acts and de- 
crees of the indges: remarkable for dignity and steadfastness, of singular beneti- 
cencc. of eminent probily. of pure faitli in t'hrist the mastei', lie worsiiipped Ood 

Wltli his life well pi'ifected. he died in tlie year of Our Lord, 1S29, August 1st, the 
year of liis nativity 

His consoit and chihlreri. mourning, liavc phiced this monument. 



Rev. John Higginson, of P^ngland. 

Rev. Francis Higginson,* born 1587, England, died 1630, Sa- 
lem, Mass.; M. A., 1618, Cambridge, England. 

Rev. John Higginson, f born 1616, England, died 1708, Sa- 
lem, Mass. Distinguished clergyman. 


John Higginson, 1G46-1719. Merchant, Salem, Member 
Council. Lt. Col. Regiment. Held principal town offices. 

John Higginson, 1675-1718. Merchant, Salem. 

Stephen Higginson, 1716-1761. Merchant of great repute, 
Salem. Held principal offices of town. A generous patron of 

Stephen Higginson, 1743-1828, Salem and Boston. Mer- 
chant, Representative to General Court, Member Continental 
Congress, Navy Agent under Washington. Married Susanna,:}: 
daughter of Rev. Aaron (Harv. 1735,) and Susanna (Porter) 
Cleveland. j 

Sarah Higginson=Dudley Atkins Tyng. 

*He preached with great distinction and power in England, in the Established 
Church, hut became a Non-Conformist and came to America, 1629. He wrote "A 
Journal of the Voyage" and "New England's Plantation." See Life of Francis Hig- 
ginson, by T. W. Higginson. in Dodd, Mead «& Oo's. "Makers of America" Series, 1891. 
Cotton Mather also wrote of him in 1702. 

+The ablest of the line. Dr. R. W. Griswold, the historian of American letters 
wrote, "John Higginson was one of the great men of New England, and incompara- 
bly the best writer, native or foreign, who lived in America during the first hun- 
dred years of her colonization. That portion of his Attestation to the Magnalia 
LCotton Mather's] which treats of the exodus of the Puritans has not been surpass- 
ed in strength and grandeur in all the orations ever delivered at Plymouth Rock, 
those of Webster and Everett not excepted. " 

*Slsterof Rev. Aaron Cleveland, who was great-grandfather of President Grover 
Cleveland, and Edmund C. Stedman the poet, and grandfather of Rt. Rev. Arthur 
Cleveland Coxe. 


The stone slab surmounting his grave bears this epitaph in 
English : 

Sacred to the Memory 


Hon. Dudley Atkins Tyng, L. L. D. 

born in this town Sept. 2, 1760, 

where he also died 

Aug. 1, 1829. 

A useful citizen and an 

honorable gentleman. 

A devoted Christian. 

He was a principal founder of this church, 

Deeply attached to its services 

and ever devoted to its interests. 

The righteous shall be in 
everlasting remembrance. 

His arms were the Atkins as elsewhere with Dudley and 
Tyng per pale. Dudley, Or, lion rampant. Tyng, Argent, on 
a chevron sable three martlets proper. Crest, a martlet. Mot- 
to— Esse quam videri. 

When his son Dudley entered a Philadelphia hospital as in- 
terne he wrote him; "Your new situation, with all its advantages 
in a professional view, has its peculiar inconveniences to be 
guarded against. Confined, as you will be, principally to the 
society of young men in the same pursuits, you will be apt to 
contract a confined and narrow habit of conversation, limited by 
the subjects of your study and your practice. You must not 
only guard against this effect while in your room, but you must 
protect yourself against the mischief by mixing, as much as you 
shall be permitted, in general society. No man, of any pro- 
fession, can be agreeable, nor, if of correct feelings, of course 
comfortable, in liberal society, who carries into it only the 
knowledge and language of that profession. He will be a ped- 
ant, and so esteemed, whether his profession be scientific or 
merely mechanical. 

There is a great chance, as things are at the present day, that 
your fellow students, or some of them, may be without religious 
sentiments. It is not impossible that some of them ma}' even 


be disposed to meet such sentiments in others with sneer and 
ridicule. I will not dishonour you so much as to indulge an 
apprehension that you are to be laughed out of your religion. 
It may however call for the exercise of some fortitude to resist 
the eflect of brilliant talents thus exerted. Should the occasion 
arise, it will be better, at the first onset, with as much good 
humour as you please, but with a gravity and firmness that shall 
prevent a repetition of the attempt, to let them understand that 
you have your own opinions and your own sentiments upon the 
subject, that these are the result of thought and conviction, and that 
they are not to be shaken by the sneers of half thinkers, or the 
pertness and flippancy of those who have never thought at all on 
the most interesting of all human concerns. I do not advise you to 
become a preacher, nor to set yourself up as a reformer. But 
by maintaining a constant decency of deportment, and by shew- 
ing by your habitual attention your respect for the offices of 
our religion, you will best secure your own comfort and char- 
acter, and possibly produce a little serious reflection in others, 
who have never before indulged in it. You are precisely at the 
age when habits are to be firmly fixed, and when inditference to 
religious and moral considerations, besides the present or more 
immediate evils of it, will lay the foundation for a life passed in 
most depressing uncertainty and vacillation, and, to go no fur- 
ther, for a death such as no rational man would willingly antici- 
pate. If you think I am yielding too much to my disposition 
to preach, I shall make no apology. It belongs to old men and 
especially to fathers, to preach, and it certainly belongs to 
young as well as old to think seriously and to practice heed- 
fully. And as I am occupying Sunday in writing this, it would 
be doubly improper not to be a little grave. Such gravity lays 
the surest foundation for rational and permanent cheerfulness. 
With the most earnest desires that you may always possess this 
cheerfulness, I am your very afiectionate father, etc." 

In view of the fact that his own son George died at the 
threshold of the ministry somewhat later, these comments based 
on the recent break-down of a young Mr. Greenwood, given in a 
letter of Dec. 1819, are not without interest. ''This fatality 
among the young preachers of Boston is truly melancholy. The 
cause ought to be thoroughly investigated. If too intense study, 
with too little attention to regimen, is the cause, it will not ad- 


mit of an easy cure. While they seek and receive such adula- 
tions for their pulpit exhibitions, it will be too much to expect 
from them any relaxation in their studies, or the refusal of in- 
vitations, where they are stuffed with rich viands, seasoned with 
the most poisonous flattery. The mischief arises out of their 
case, and the fashion of the times. I am already considered as 
a gross cynic for reprobation of this fashion. Indeed, I have 
not been influenced so much from my regard to the preachers 
as their auditors. This practice of treating sermons as things 
to admire or to criticize, instead of considering them as means 
of improving hearts and lives, is destroying the use and intent 
of them, and is converting them into laboured exhibitions of 
.genius and taste, instead of plain and useful exhortations to 
duty. The consequence is fast shewing itself. People go to 
hear sermons as they go to the theatre, to be elegantly amused, 
and they come away equally improved from one and the other. 
I tremble lest my friend Jarvis should be drawn into the vortex. 
It shall not be for want of my best advice, that he does not escape." 

Elizabeth Stuart Newton, dau. Susanna Cleveland Tyng 
and Edward A. Newton, b. Sept. 9, 1838, d. June 24, 18t>l. 
Her parents, residing in Pittstield, Mass., were eminent for 
piety and for practical philanthropy. Mr. Newton, of a good 
old family, acquired wealth in India, and dispensed his charities 
and social courtesies with an old-fashioned dignity and grace less 
common today. He died advanced in years, Aug. 18, 1862. 
Miss Newton lived alone after her mother's death in 1882, in the 
interesting old mansion that saw her birth. While making her 
second trip to Europe in the summer of 1891, she fell down the 
gangway of the steamer, fracturing her skull, and dying the 
same day. Equally beloved by all her relations, she was thus 
written of in Pittsfield by a friend when the sad news of her 
death arrived. "Miss Newton, kindly but respectfully called 
^Bessie' Newton in familiar circles, has long been counted by 
those who knew her best and especially by her many beneficiar- 
ies, as near a saint as it is often given to mortal woman to be; 
although it was not alone in the giving of alms that she mani- 
fested her qualities as a Christian woman. It fell often to her 
lot to be required to sooth the asperities of church controversies." 
And again. "Yet while her thoughts, her time and her means 





were constantly exercised in the highest service, S3 imostensibly 
did she work that it was only to those who were in some way 
connected with her in deeds of charity and benevolence that it 
was given to know how much she was accustomed to do. Miss 
Bessie Newton, as she was familiarly known, was easily the 
tirst woman connected with St. Stephen's parish, and her coun- 
sel, her sympathy and charming presence will be sorely missed; 
but, as in her life time she had made her church her tirst care, 
so, it is found, she has handsomely provided for it after her 
death by her will." The old homestead and adjacent grounds 
she bequeathed to St. Stephen's Church, Pittslield, besides 
giving liberally to various eleemosynary institutions. 

Dudley Atkins, son of Dudley Atkins Tyng and Sarah Hig- 
ginson, b. Newburyport, June 12, 1798. He was an alumnus 
of Dummer Academy, and was graduated at Harvard 1816. 
Shortly after graduation, and probably as a compliment to his 
father, Bowdoin College, Me., where he spent some months 
under Prof. Cleveland, studying mineralogy and botany, 
conferred upon him the degree, Master of Arts. He studied 
•iiedicine in the University of Pennsylvania, graduating in 1820, 
• the subject of his thesis being the Radical Cure of Hernia. His 
studies included a year or so residence in Philadelphia hospitals, 
and a year-1820-21-in Europe, of which trip the quaint, bulky, 
much viseed folio passport is in my possession. He was 
accounted an able Greek scholar and well read in his profession. 
Dr. Tyng mentions his "great simplicity in practice and entire 
independence in personal investigation" and styles him ''a man 
of remarkable originality in thought and action." He lived, 
and practiced his profession, chiefly in New York and Brooklyn. 
In 1832 he published a volume of reports on cholera,* then 
recently epidemic, the first thirty pages being from his pen and 
entitled, "A Sketch of the History of the Epidemic Cholera, 
which pi'evailed in the City of New York and throughout the 
United States, in the Summer of 1832, By Dudley Atkins, M. 
D.," constituting a fair and judicious resume of one year's 

*Reportsof Hospital Physicians and other documents in relation to The Epidemic 
Cholera of 1832. Published by order of the Board of Health. Edited by Dudley 
Atkins, M. D.. late secretary to the Special Medical Council, New York, 1832. 


experience with the pest. In 1834 he issued a small volume of 
interesting cases,* which show him as a thoroughly equipped 
physician and surgeon, full of resources, and eager to relieve 
the afflicted. He was member of Kappa Lambda Society, 
(Phila.), Mass. Med. Society, Kings County Med. Society, 
(Brooklyn), and Med. Society of City and County of New York. 

As the eldest son, he naturally returned to the original sur- 
name of the family, and by act of the Mass. Legislature, June 
17, 1817, the name of Dudley Atkins Tyng, Jr., was changed to 
Dudley Atkins. 

The friend of the poor, the bright-witted companion of the 
prosperous, he was much beloved by his patients and friends; 
jovial and free-hearted at times, exceedingly depressed at others. 
He was esteemed a handsome man. He died suddenly in 
Brooklyn, April 7, 1845. 

On the 28th August 1825 he had married Ann M. Bowman 
(b. Aug. 24th 1801), daughter of Ebenezer Bowman (and Esther 
Ann Watson from Newry, Ireland) of Wilkesbarre, Pennysl- 
vania, (Harvard, 1782) a man of singular uprightness and dig- 
nity, a lawyer who has ever been regarded an honor to the Lu- 
zerne Bar. (d. 1829). 

Mrs. Atkins, who survived till 1881, dying in her 80th year, 
full of energy to the last, was a woman of generous and broad relig- 
ious sentiments, thoroughly devoted to her church and its offices 
(Episc), of strongly marked philanthropic instincts and prac- 
tices, ever self-denying; of quiet but engaging social manners, 
which, with a lively interest in other people and' in general af- 
fairs and her noted genial activit}^ made her a welcome guest in 
many places. Her large epistolary correspondence, a tield in 
which she was gifted, attested her warm attachment to her fel- 
lows, and their constant esteem for her. 

Thomas Astley Atkins, son of D, A. and A. M. B., b. Apr. 
8, 1839, studied law at Harvard College, L. L. B., 18B0, and 
practiced in New York City. A new court having been established 
by legislative enactment in Yonkers, N. Y., the place of his resi- 
dence, Mr. Atkins was elected to its bench, and, retiring in 

*Medical and Surgical Oases and (Observations, with Plates: By Dudley Atkins M. 
n.. New York. 1834. 


three years, his service was tlius acknowledged: "During his 
entire term Judge Atkins has been a model magistrate, winning 
the good opinion of all law-abiding citizens, and being literally 
a terror to evil doers. His fellow townsmen are indebted to 
him for the high character which he has given to the local court 
over which he was the first to preside, and for a most valuable 
and efficient cooperation in every public work and duty." His 
term ended in the spring of 1870 after which he resided three 
years wdth his family in Europe, thoroughly exploring the same 
on foot and by conveyance. More than any other resident of 
his section of Westchester County, he has investigated its anti- 
quities personal, social, political, and has written them out in 
many articles for the edification of the public. Oct. 25, 1860 
he married Julia Fenton Rockwell. 

Francis Higginson Atkins, son of D. A. and A. M. B., born 
April 15, 1843, was graduated S. B., Lawrence Scientific School, 
Harvard Univ., 1861; M. D., 1865, Long Island College Hospi- 
tal, Brooklyn, N. Y. During the Rebellion was Private, 44th 
Regt. Mass. Vols; Medical Cadet, U. S. Army, Washington, D. 
C; A. A. Surgeon, U. S. Navy, Farragut's Squadron in the 
Gulf; Later, Prof. Nat. Sci. Carleton Coll., Northfield, Minn.; 
and A. A. Surgeon U. S. Army, in the South West, 1873-84; 
Pres. New Mexico Med. Society; Memb. American Climatolog- 
ical Association. Married, Sept. 18, 1866, Sarah Edmonds of 
West Jklolesey, Surrey, England, (b. Sept. 25, 1843.) 

Stephen Higginson Tyng, D. D., son of D A. T. and S. 
H., born March 1, 1800 at Newburyport. So much is in print 
already concerning my most worthy and reverend uncle that I 
shall strive to represent him but briefly in the light of his great 
ability and important career. 

Educated primarily at several schools about Boston, at Phil- 
lips' Academy, Andover, and under Dr. Benj. Allen at Brighton, 
a teacher of exceptional ability with whom Stephen made rapid 
progress, he entered Harvard and was graduated in 1817. 
Having dipped into Hebrew and Syriac besides the languages of 
the ordinary curriculum, his scholastic basis for the work of his 
life was excellent and thorough, partly from his native talent, 


partly from the irresistable energy which ensured success which- 
ever way he moved. For two years he followed commerce with 
his uncle's firm, Samuel G. Perkins and Ca., East India Traders, 
Boston, with most brilliant prospects, and only left it from the 
keenest conscientious motives. Drawn to the ministry, a choice 
much deprecated by his father, in 1819 he began the study of 
Divinity. In my collection of letters is one from him to my 
father dated Aug. 5, 1819, in which he states with a clearness 
remarkable in a boy of nineteen his reasons for the change, and 
encloses a copy of the letter he has just sent their father. He 
says, ''And now I have the most need of your support when I 
have just commenced an undertaking which has exposed me to 
much censure, but while my own heart approves I care not for 
the animadversions of the world. I have relinquished the pur- 
suit of trade and have commenced the study of Divinity. This 
you will at first say is a strange measure and perhaps will ac- 
cuse me of rashness; but stay your condemnation till I 
give you all my reasons for the change. I enclose you a 
copy of a letter which I handed to my Father, who now ac- 
quiesces in the proposal. Susan attempts to discourage 
me, but my prayer to God is, that he will not allow me to be 
swayed by the censure or ridicule which may be heaped upon 
me, but will strengthen me in my purpose. To you I 
will say that I have a motive which I have not stated to my 
father, as he would consider it foolish, but it nevertheless has 
had considerable influence over my conduct. It is that the pe- 
culiar disappointments 1 have met, have given me a dislike to 
the active scenes of the world, and made me anxious to lead a 
retired life apart from the amusements and excitements which 
only serve to make me uncomfortable. This you may call a 
weakness but I cannot overcome it. I am tired of the world 
and am determined to spend the residue of my existence in the 
service of my God and for the good of my fellow creatures. 
This is not romance, this is not mere language, for God is the 
witness of my sincerity. If I succeed as I expect, I shall be 
happy, but happiness lean never enjoy in my present situation." 
To his father he writes discreetly, making these points: ''an 
early and strong prepossession in favor of the pi-ofession;'* cer- 
tain discouragements connected with the business prospects of the 
age; lack of capital to properly engage in trade on its new ba- 


sis; his disrelish of the disagreements incident to mercantile life; 
his "extremely quick and violent feelinsfs"* not to be subdued 
in the business world, but presumably more easily subdued in 
clerical walks; "No, I am perfectly sensible of the importance 
of applyiniT myself now to whatever I undertake, and I am 
determined to make myself such as that I shall neither be 
ashamed of myself nor cause any such feeling in you. The cen- 
sure to which I shall be exposed for imaginary fickleness will 
be of short duration, and must hide itself when I have attained 
that standing short of which I am determined not to stop." 

The change being to so noble and exalted a walk he defies the 
adverse criticism of his fellows and rests his case with God. 
His father was much disconcerted, as the following sentences 
evince, but Stephen's early and complete demonstration of his 
capacity to succeed reconciled the elder Tyng. On the 27th 
August the latter writes to Dudley, "I tremble at this instability 
in his character. If he perseveres he may be happy enough. 
But there is much hazard in his sudden impressions and violent 
changes. We must hope for the best." Oct. 1819, "Stephen 
applies very closely to his studies yet. If he has perseverance 
I shall not despair that he may succeed tolerably. He can find 
no place here, but if he should be popular he may find a place 
in the south." Jan. 20, 1820. "I begin to feel encouraging 
hopes for him." Feb. 21, 1820, "A letter last week from Stephen 
shews an instance of his powers at despatch. He has found time 
notwithstanding his extreme application to his studies, to form an 
attachment for one of the Bishop's daughters, to procure a reci- 
procity on the part of the young lady, and the approbation of her 
father. I forbear to give you or him my opinion of the good 
or ill effects of this sudden freak upon his future destinies. You 
are so much acquainted with my general habits of thinking, that 

*After his death Bishop Bedell said, "his character grew to perfection only 
through mighty conflicts with self." 

The Rev. Dr. E. H. Canfleld once told me of an instance of my uncle's possible de- 
pression in spirits and the inevitable brilliant reaction. Quite a number of clergy- 
men, robed, awaited in a vestry room the hour for some many-sided public church 
service. Dr. Tyng was unwontedly morose. One of the party assayed cheerful sug- 
gestions; "earth's cares trivial; we shall all be in Heaven soon." "I don't wish to 
go to Heaven; I don't expect to go to Heaven!" was the sharp rejoinder. Discrete 
non-interference resulted, and the party of clever preachers filed into the church. 
An hour later everyone present was charmed and thrilled by the exquisite beauty 
and tenderness of the address that the recently discouraged minister poured out 
in fluency unsurpassed. 


you will be at no great loss to divine my present impressions 
on this subject." Later, "Stephen is full of zeal in his studies." 
Apr. 6, 1820, "I have a letter from Stephen giving me an ac- 
count of what he calls an awakening in Bristol, and which seems 
to have seized pretty strongly upon his feelings. I have advised 
him to repress his ardor, but his constitutional warmth will, I 
fear, carry him beyond discretion in spite of my most earnest 
dehortations. The Bishop, to my mortification, has no disposi- 
tion to discourage it." Oct. 1820, he "gives a very good ac- 
count of his employment and his pleasures." Dec. 1820, 
"Stephen now supports himself'I 

Dr. Tyng's career was eminently successful; his stupendous 
energy, his clear thinking; the absolute avoidence of all those 
will o'-the-wisps and pitfalls that have impaired the influence of 
other prominent men; his intense philanthropy, rendering him 
the friend of the people; his single devotion through all those 
years to the loftiest interests of his profession, all combined to 
initiate, develop, mature a clerical success perhaps not to be ex- 
celled in America. He studied with the good Bishop Alex. 
Viets Griswold at Bristol, Rhode Island, and by 1821 became 
an ordained minister. His fields of labor were Georgetown, D. 
C, St. George's, two years; Prince George County, Maryland, 
St. Anne's Parish, six years; Philadelphia, St. Paul's, four years; 
and Epiphany twelve years. He then accepted a call to St. 
George's church, New York City, in 18-15, and there completed 
his professional life of nearly sixty years, resigning in 1878 un- 
der the pressure of advancing age. His grateful people ap- 
pointed him Pastor Emeritus and continued to him a fair salary 
until his death, Dec. 3, 1885, at Irvington, N. Y., where he had 
elected to live. 

Dr. Tyng was a powerful antagonist of slavery, a diligent 
promoter of the temperance reform, and, in the Episcopal 
(/hurch, the foremost apostle of the Low Church principles, 
bearing undying hostility to ritualistic variations from the sim- 
plicity of form he loved. He was a prominent candidate for the 
episcopate of Pennsylvania — to succeed Onderdonk, in 1845 
The balloting was close and Dr. Samuel Bowman, also a kins- 
man of the writer, received a small majority, but, the laity not 
concurring, upon further effort Dr. Alonzo Potter was elected. 
Dr. Bowman subsequently became assistant bishop of that Di- 


A few extracts from the writini^s of distinguished men 
who knew him well will give briefly a better view of his ability 
then my pen can. At his funeral Bishop Lee (Delaware) said, 
naming several great lights in the church, "In some points our 
departed brother was not behind the chiefest. There was in- 
tense energy, burning zeal, direct and appointed application, 
which powerfully affected his hearers. He was remarkably 
gifted as an extempore speaker. His words flowed in an un- 
broken stream, a torrent of thought and feeling that carried con- 
gregations with him. He never hesitated for a word — ^and the 
word used seemed always the most fitting — and his sentences 
were as well rounded and complete as if carefully elaborated at 
the desk. But while so fluent in utterence, he did not become 
merely rhetorical or declamatory. His sermons were enriched 
by the fruits of patient study and previous preparation." "A 
marked characteristic of Dr. Tyng's sermons, and of his whole 
bearing, was fearlessness. If he was for many years, in the best 
sense, a popular preacher, he never sought popularity by conceal- 
ment or compromise of his views of truth and duty. He never 
consulted the prejudices of his hearers, nor kept back aught that 
was profitable lest he should give oftence. Under all circumstan- 
ces his courage was unfailing." "Had he chosen another calling, 
embarked, for instance, in political life, he would have been one 
to sway by his impetuous and fiery eloquence, great masses of 
men, as well as to command the attention of listening senates." 
Bishop Bedell (Ohio), on the same occasion, said, "Dr. Tyng 
was a man of impressive presence, of quick decision, of true 
spirituality; blessed with an accurate and retentive memory; of 
remarkable self-reliance and firmness of purpose. Combining 
these qualities, he was a judicious autocrat. Consequently he 
was a leader of men. In any other sphere of activity he would 
have been foremost in his age." "^ distingidshed orator. On 
the platform Dr. Tyng was almost unrivalled in his day. A 
fine figure, manly, firm, with a clear utterance and sonorous 
voice, whenever he rose to speak, men stirred themselves to 
hearken, some prepared themselves to resist. His were not 
honeyed words, nor were they tempered by the temper of his 
audience. They were truths as they appeared to himself, and 
being convictions, carried in their utterance all the force of his 
own decision, and the added persuasion that all men ought to 


believe them." Theodore L. Cuyler, the distinguished Presby- 
terian divine, who remarked, "-If all the people in America who 
have been instructed and blessed by Stephen 11. Tyng could 
gather now to pay him their grateful homage, that Stuyvesant 
Park before his door would not contain the multitude," else- 
where wrote of him "He was, in my judgement, the prince of 
platform speakers. His ready and rapid utterance, his hearty 
enthusiasm, his courageous style of speech, and his fervent jt>/-6»- 
jectiie power of reaching the hearts of his audience, gave him 
this undisputed supremacy. One evening a complimentary re- 
ception was given to John B. Gough, in Niblo's Garden Hall. A 
large number of eminent speakers participated. After Henry 
Ward Beecher and I had finished our brief adilresses, we took a 
seat over by the wall and listened to Dr. Tyng who was in one 
his happiest moods. While he was speaking, I whispered to 
Mr. Beecher, 'Is not that superb platforming?' Beecher replied, 
'Yes, it is indeed. He is the one man I am afraid of. I never 
want to speak after him, and if I speak first, then when he gets 
up, I wish I had not spoken at all.' Some of the rest of us felt 
just as Mr. Beecher did. The printed reports of his popular 
addresses, do him no adequate justice. He spoke too rapidly 
for the average reporter, and no pen or paper could transfer 
the electric voice or powerful elocution of the orator. He was 
always the man to be heard, and not to be read. His personal 
magnetism was wonderful. I count it to have been a constant 
inspiration to have heard him so often, and a blessed privilege 
to have enjoyed his intimate friendship." 

When his vigorous course excited animadversion in Philadel- 
phia his friends said that he might have walked from his pulpit 
to the street on the heads of the packed throng always gathered 
to hear him. 

He was especially skilled in Sunday School administration, 
and in extending city n)issions, yet his church gave heavily to 
foreign missions. He published considerable material. In 1839 
a volume of Sermons; later. Lectures on the Law and Gospel; 
Recollections of England, Family Commentory on the Four 
Gospels, The Rich Kinsman, Captive Orphan, Forty Years Ex- 
perience in Sunday Schools, etc. 

He received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from Jefferson 
College, Philadelphia, in 1832, and again in 1851 from Harvard 


believe them." Theodore L. Cuyler, the distinguished Presby- 
terian divine, who remarked, ""If all the people in America who 
have been instructed and blessed by Stephen 11. Tyng could 
gather now to pay him their grateful homage, that Stuyvesant 
Park before his door would not contain the multitude," else- 
where wrote of him "He was, in my judgement, the prince of 
platform speakers. His ready and rapid utterance, his hearty 
enthusiasm, his courageous style of speech, and his fervent pro- 
jectile power of reaching the hearts of his audience, gave him 
this undisputed supremacy. One evening a complimentary re- 
ception was given to John B. Gough, in Niblo's Garden Hall. A 
large number of eminent speakers participated. After Henry 
Ward Beecher and I had finished our brief addresses, we took a 
seat over by the wall and listened to Dr. Tyng who was in one 
his happiest moods. While he was speaking, I whispered to 
Mr. Beecher, 'Is not that superb platfonning?' Beecher replied, 
'Yes, it is indeed. He is the one man I am afraid of. I never 
want to speak after him, and if I speak first, then when he gets 
up, I wish I had not spoken at all.' Some of the rest of us felt 
just as Mr. Beecher did. The printed reports of his popular 
addresses, do him no adequate justice. He spoke too rapidly 
for the average reporter, and no pen or paper could transfer 
the electric voice or powerful elocution of the orator. He was 
always the man to be heard, and not to be read. His personal 
magnetism was wonderful. I count it to have been a constant 
inspiration to have heard him so often, and a blessed privilege 
to have enjoyed his intimate friendship." 

When his vigorous course excited animadversion in Philadel- 
phia his friends said that he might have walked from his pulpit 
to the street on the heads of the packed throng always gathered 
to hear him. 

He was especially skilled in Sunday School administration, 
and in extending city missions, yet his church gave heavily to 
foreign missions. He published considerable material. In 1839 
a volume of Sermons; later. Lectures on the Law and Gospel; 
Recollections of England, Family Commentory on the Four 
Gospels, The Rich Kinsman, Captive Orphan, Forty Years Ex- 
perience in Sunday Schools, etc. 

He received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from Jefferson 
College, Philadelphia, in 1832, and again in 1851 from Harvard 


I K., 


!), 1822, 


. M. IliRRinstm, 


. Ai.f 

. 24. IKir,.) 

■ Si'i. Sell. II. II 

1 Tvng. Rev i\nd 


Harvard 18n. 

Of Anne Griswokl. 

Anne Griswokl. V' ^"^ Z 
n. Aug. 5, 1821. ' "• '^•^y ''' 
Susan W. Mitchell, h. 1812, 
m. July. 1833. 

Of S 

Dudley Atklnt 
1). ,Ian. 12, 182r., 
d. Apr. 20, isns. 

1., Theol. f 
I. Apr. 21, 


Hudlrv, 1>. Oct. 28, 1880. 
Artliu'r. I.. Aug.31,1882. 
Mary, b. Sep. 18, 1883. 
.lulian, b. Julyn, 1885. 

Stephen I-llggii 
AuR. 2, 1851, 

b. Mar. 31. 18; 

lu. Sep. 3, IS7- 

Alice lligf^s. 
. Annie Grisv 

. Dudley .\tk 

.Julia Griswokl. 
b. Sept. 4, 1829, 
d. Aug. 8, 1882, 
m. .June 14, 1849, 
William Ward, 
<b. Apr. 23, 1821). 

1. Walworth, 
b. Noy. 16, 1850, N 

ra. Noy. 17, 1874, 
Stella Moody, 

1. Marguerite Estelle, 
b. Sept. 17, 1882. 

2. Albert E. S. 
h. Oct. 30, 1884. 

"" 1). Apr. 13, 1852, 

Grad. Columbia Law School, 

N. Y., 1871. 

Corporation Attorney. Ida- 
ho Sp'gs, Colo., 1881. 

Pres't American Midland 

R. R. Co. 1,883. 
- ni. Nov. 29. 1889. 

Sarah E. Troup. 

Thomas Mitchell, Susan Maria, 

b. May 1, 1834, b. Aug. 3, 1835, 

m. 1, Apr. 10, 1867, m. Nov. 12, 1861, 

Elizabeth Newell Richmond, Rev. James E. Homans. 

(died Aug, 23, 1870). (b. May 21, 1833, 

~ 18, 1872. d. Aug. 2, 1882.) 

.Tames Edward. 



Grad. Williams Coll., Mass.. 

Ci.hl iM Collrli 

L. L. I!. Columbia. 


Euphemia Welles Chrislic. 

(ll. Nov. :ill, IH4;i 


d. Dec. 5, IS7:i.) 

d. Mar. H. I.W.) 


1. Klizal.ct.b Me.liiMsey. 

1). Auk. 21), IHi 

, Miehigan, 
ir Trade .lournal, 
'Una italcombe. 
(lu-ee children. 


College. He was several times in Europe and journeyed to the 
Holy Land. 

He was married, Aug. 5, 1821, to Anne Griswold (b. Oct. 5, 
1805), daughter of his preceptor. She d. May 16, 1832. In 
July, 1833, he married Susan Mitchell (b. 1812) daughter of 
Mr. Thomas Mitchell, a lady of vigorous intellect and unfailing 
devotion to duty, whose manifold kindly deeds the writer grate- 
fully recalls, 

Dudley Atkins Tyng, son of Stephen H. Tyng, Sr., and A. G., 
b. Prince George's Co. Md., Jan. 12, 1825, was graduated Univ. 
Penn., 1843, studied divinity at Alexandria, Va , Theolog. 
Seminary, taking orders 184G; was assistant at St. George's 
N. Y. with his father, and had charges at Columbus, Ohio, 
Charlestown,Va.,Cincin.,0., and was rector of Epiphany, Phila., 
1854:-56. His intense hostility to human slavery, and his fear- 
less denunciation of the same led to his withdrawal from Epi- 
phany church; and, with a large following, he became the Rector 
of the Church of the Covenant, Phila. As a lecturer upon social 
and philanthropic subjects he was very successful. Just after 
his untimely death it was written of him: "The charm of his 
ready extemporaneous oratory, together with the fervid ear- 
nestness, directness, and clear method of his preaching, uni- 
formly drew to his ministrations a congregation which in num- 
bers, and united sympathy with a loved and honored Rector 
was, perhaps, without parallel in the Episcopal church." He 
was able "to combine loyalty to his own communion with fra- 
ternity toward the universal communion of the saints." 

His death, April 20, 1858, by a threshing machine accident, 
was felt as a very serious loss to the Episcopal church, so 
promptly had he made his mark as a man neither less gifted 
nor less undaunted in coping with the problems of the day than 
his distinguished father. He wrote several books on religious 
themes, Vital Truth and Deadly Error, 1852, Children of the 
Kingdom, 1854 (Republished in England as God in the Dwelling, 
4th Ed. 1859), Our Country's Troubles, 1856. 

He married, 1847, Catherine Maria Stevens of New Jersey, 
who survived him until Apr. 21, 1888. 

The Rev. Theodosius S. Tyng, b. Nov. 1849, son of the last, 


was rector of St. James', North Cambridge, Mass.; m. 1S79, Ida 
May Drake, and went to Japan as a missionary. 

Stephen Higginson Tyng, son of D. A. T., and C. M. S., 
Univ. Mich., a lawyer, living in Boston, Mass. Has been active 
in independent politics, striving to purify old parties. M. 
Sept. 8, 1880, Lizzie Walworth. 

Susan Maria Tyng, dau. S. H. T., andS. M., b. Aug. 3, 1835, 
has led the quiet but useful life of a minister's wife; m. Nov. 12, 
1861 to Rev. James Edward Homans, who was grad. Kenyon 
Coll., Ohio, 1857,Theol.Sem. Alexandria, Va., 1860, was assistant 
at St. George's N. Y., rector St. Paul's, R-.ihway, N. Y., St. 
John's, Cincinnati, O., Church of the Mediator, N. Y. City, and 
for many years before his death, Aug. 2, 1882, was rector 
Christ Church, Manhasset, N. Y. 

Stephen Higginson Tyng, D. D., son of the venerable Dr. 
Tyng of the same names, and S. M., born in Philadelphia, 1839, 
was graduated at William's College, Mass., 1858, and studied at 
the Episcopal Theological Seminary near Alexandria, Va. He 
was ordained in 1861, and lor two years was assistant to his fath- 
er at St. George's N. Y. ; rector Church of the Mediator, N. Y., 
1863; Chaplain, N. Y. 12th Vols., 1864; and rector of Holy 
Trinity, New York City, which he organized, 1865. He resigned 
on account of ill health, 1881, and accepted the agency for the 
Equitable Life Insurance Co, (of N. Y.), in Paris, France. He 
edited for some years the sveekly, ''The Working Church". 
''He has shown rare gifts in the organization of various benevo- 
lent instrumentalities in connection with his church, which have 
accomplished an immense work of good" (Library of Universal 
Knowledire, 1881). One episode in the ecclesiastical career of 
Dr. Tyng Jr., worthy of passing notice, was his trial under the 
Canon Laws of the Church for "exercising his ministry in an- 
other parish or cure without the express permission of the resident 
ministers". The Dr., while visiting in New Jersey, was invited 
to preach in a Methodist Church, and did so with the broad- 
souled liberality characteristic of father and son, but in spite of 
the preliminary protests of two high church clergymen who 
forbade him to preach within their cure. A court was ordered, 


and the ablest legal counsel employed on each side. As the 
defendant was noted for the large benevolent work he was doing 
and the charge seemed trifling to most people, the sympathy of 
the public was overwhelmingly with Stephen, while the fact 
that the two protesting clerics bore the plebeian titles Stubbs 
and Boggs was seized upcm by a humorous public and much 
sport made to their disadvantage. Although Dr. Tyng was 
found guilty and condemned to episcopal admonition, the affair 
ended to the great and favorable enhancement of his fame, 
though rather to the dishonor of the church.* 

Morris Ashhurst Tyng, son of S. H. T. Sr., andS.M., born Dec. 
29, 1 841. Was graduated at William's College, Mass., 1 861, and 
L. L. B. Columbia Law School, New York, 1863. After prac- 
tising law some years he took orders in the Episcopal church, 
1870, and was professor Biblical Literature and Interpretation, 
P. E. Theolog. Seminary Gambler, Ohio, 1870-73. Later he 
returned to the practice of the law. He married in 1867, Jan. 
9, Euphemia Welles Christie. In 1866 he was a member of the 
Board of Councilmen of New York City. 

Charles Rockland Tyng, son of S. H. T. Sr., and S. M., b. 
Jan. 14, 1844. Columbia College, 186-, m. 1st Mary Edmonds 
dau. Francis Edmonds of New York, (who d. March 1887.) 

2d . Has been engaged in the business world, and in 1890 

published an admirable life of his father, Record of the Life and 
Work of the Rev. Stephen Higginson Tyng, D. D., N. Y., 
which was well received by the critics. 

Charles Tyng, son of D. A. T. and S. H., b. Aug. 24, 1801, 
d. June 20, 1879. In early life he took to the sea and several 
times circumnavigated the globe. Glimpses of my uncle iu my 

*"A comparison of the statistics of the church of Rev. S. H. Tyng, Jr., (Holy Trini- 
ty), witli those of the five Doctors of Divinity who condemned liini, shows some 
suggestive facts. The united ages of these 5 parislies is 195 years; Mr. Tyng's is 4 
years old. The 5 parishes have 1,698 communicants; Mr. Tyng's. with its chapels, 
650. The five instruct 1,974 Sabbath-school children; Holy Trinity instructs 1,037. 
The five collected for benevolent objects $41,389; Holy Trinity raised $35,893. The 
Sunday services during the year of the five judges were 525; in Holy Trinity and its 
chapels they were 624. We suspect that Mr. Tyng does not neglect his own church 
even tliough he occasionally preaches in a church of the sects." See last pages of 
volume for some humorous verses on this episode. 


grandfather's letters mark the latter's fondness for the lad and 
his confidence in the justness of his maritime tastes. 1 have 
always fancied that he was the most cheerful and least nervous 
of the half dozen sons. The letters indicate no anxiety on the 
senior's part, but mention various voyages to Calcutta, to Eu- 
rope, etc., and with evident satisfaction. While still young he 
left the sea and engaged in mercantile pursuits in Havana, Cuba. 
He was of an affectionate disposition. In his later years he 
found amusement in writing out a review of his many-sided 
travels and experiences— a narrative still in manuscript, unfor- 
tunately . 

Chas. Dudley Tyng, son of Charles T. and A. A. McA., b. 
May 2, 1836; while preparing to enter Harvard his health failed; 
he subsequently studied engineering; was Underwriters' Agent 
at Havana and correspondent N. Y. Associated Press, but left 
Cuba at time of civil war. Has traveled very extensively and 
has been variously engaged in mercantile affairs. In 1874 he 
was private secretary to Caleb Cushing, then U. S. Minister to 
Spain, remainmg two years. Of recent years he has resided in 
Florida with his sister Dr. A. E. Tyng. 

Dr. Anita E. Tyng, dau. Chas. Tyng and Anna A. McAlpine, 
b. Feb. 4, 1838; studied at the N. E. Hosp. for Women and 
Children, Boston, and was grad. M. D. Women's College of 
Pennsylvania, 1864; practised medicine chiefly at Providence, 
Ehode Island; was in charge of the Women's Hospital, Philadel- 
phia; of late years has resided in Florida. Dr. Tyng is a highly 
cultivated physician and skillful surgeon, and has held member- 
ship in the Rhode Island Medical Society, American Medical 
Association, Alumnae Association of the Women's Med. Coll., 
etc. Before these societies and others she read various papers 
on scientific topics, including one on Eclampsia, and one report- 
ing "A Case of Removal of Both Ovaries by Abdominal Sec- 
tion" — a wholly successful operation of the gravest character 
(especially in 1880), done by herself with eminent skill, and re- 
l)orted with scientific exactness of detail. Among other papers 
were one in the Annual Report of the R. I. State Board of 
Health, 1881, a judicious and well- written essay on Heredity, 
and one on the Causes of 111 Health in ^7omen in same Reports. 


George Tyng, son of Charles T. and A. A. McA., b. May 12, 
1842, educated at Dummer Academy and in Hanover, Germaoy, 
He lived much in the Southwest. In Arizona, was U. S. Mar- 
shal, Recorder of Yuma Co., Clerk of the Dist. Court, Director 
So. Pacif. R. R., Sheriff, Editor of the Sentinel (Yuma). Has 
been largely interested in cattle. He married, July 15, 1869, 
in California, Elena A. Thompson whose mother w^as of the old 
Spanish stock in that state, a Carillo. 

George Tyng, son of D. A. T. and S. H., b. 180*3, gradu- 
ated at Harvard 1822, died of consumption in Boston 1823. 
His brother James wrote of him, "He was a fine young man, 
endowed with excellent abilities; he was a good scholar and had 
just prepared himself for the Unitarian ministry. He was of 
kind and amiable character, scarce ever provoked, and cherish- 
ing no malice." 

Mary Cabot Tyng, dau. D. A. T. and S. H., b. May 4, 1804, 
d. July 25. 1849, in Michigan. She married Oct. 25, 1829. 
Robert Cross, lawyer (grad. Harvard 1819, b. July 3, 1799; d, 
Nov. 9, 1859). Mr. Tyng writes, "She was a strong and noble 
character, of great sincerity and depth of feelings, resolution 
and energy, judgment and industry." Mr. Cross represented 
his district in the Mass. Legislature. 

Charles Edward Cross — son of last— was born Sept. 24, 1837. 
Educated at the Putnam Free School, Newburyport, and at the 
Polytechnic Institute. Troy, N. Y., serving a while in the En- 
gineer Office, City of Troy. Appointed to West Point Military 
Academy he was graduated in 1861, holding the high rank of No. 
2 in a class of 45. Appointed Brevet 2tl Lieut. Corps Engineers, 
May 6, 1861; 2d Lieut. C. E. same date. Served during the 
great Rebellion in drilling volunteers at Washington, D. C. 
May 7 to 25, 1S61; as Asst. Eng. in the construction of Defenses 
of Washington, D. C, May 27 to July 1, '61; in the Manassas 
Campaign, July '61, attached to the 2d Division of the Army of 
N. E. Virginia, being engaged in the Battle of Bull Run, July 
21, '61, and in the construction of the Defenses of Washington, 


D. C. July 23, 1861, to Mar. 10, 1862. Commissioned 1st 
Lieut. Corps Engineers, Aug. 6, '61, in command of an Engin- 
eer Company (Army of the Potomac) in the Virginia Peninsular 
Campaign, Mar. to Aug. 1862; Brevet Major, July 1, 1862 for 
gallant and meritorious services in the Peninsular Campaign, en- 
gaged in the Siege of Yorktown, April 12 to May 4, 1862; in 
the subsequent operations of the campaign, in the construc- 
tion of Roads, Field-works, and Bridges, particularly for the 
passage of the Array and its immense trains over the White Oak 
Swamp and Chickahominy River; in command of Engineer Bat- 
talion (Army Potomac) in the Maryland Campaign Sept. — Nov. 
1862, being engaged in the Battle of Antietam, Sept. 17, '62, 
in building, guarding and repairing Pontoon Bridges across the 
Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers. (Brevet Lieut. Colonel, Sept. 
17, 1862 for Gallant and Meritorious Services at the Battle of 
Antietam Md.), at Harper's Ferry and Berlin, Md., Sept. 21 — 
Nov. 3, 1862, and on March to Falmouth, Va. Nov. '62, and in 
command of Eng. Battal. Dec. '62 — Feb. 63, and of Company, 
Mar. to June, '63, in the Rappahannock Campaign, being en- 
gaged at the Battle of Fredericksburg, in throwing Pontoon 
Bridges for the Advance and Retreat of the Army of the Poto- 
mac across the Rappahannock River, Dec. 11 — 16, 1862, in 
Disembarking and Equipping Pontoon Train at Belle Plain, and 
transporting it to Falmouth, Va., Jan. 15 — 19, 1863; in the 
"Mud March," with Pontoon Bridge, for Banks' Ford, Jan. 20 
— 26, '63; in constructing Field-works, making Surveys, guard- 
ing Bridges, etc. Jan. 26— Apr. 29, 1863. (Captain Corps of 
Engineers, Mar. 3, 1863) in throwing Bridge below Fredericks- 
burg, Apr. 29, '63; at the Battle of Chancellorsville, in construct- 
ing Defensive Works and Bridges. May 3 — 6, 1863, and in 
throwing a Bridge in the face of the enemy at Franklin's Cross- 
ing of the Rappahannock, June 5, 1863. Killed June 5, 1863 
at the same. Aged 26 years. (Brevet Colonel, June 5, '63 for 
Gallant and Meritorious Services while Assisting to Throw a 
Bridge across the Rappahannock at Fredericksburg in the Face of 
the Enemy, when he was killed). 

Taken from Gen. CuUum's Biographical Register of Gradu- 
ates U. S. M. A. West Point, 1868. His brother adds, "Picked 
ofl' by a sharpshooter; the bullet entering his forehead." 


James Higginson Tyng, son of D. A. T. and S. H., b. May 
12, 1807; d. April 6, 1879. He was graduated at Bowdoin Col- 
lege, Me., and entered the Episcopal ministry. My uncle 
Stephen told me that his brother James was far more intellectual 
than he was, but lacked a free development of those supporting 
faculties which ensure success in life.* He was a man of schol- 
arly tastes, with a keen interest in all the affairs of the world, a 
diligent reader of the great Reviews and the best permanent liter- 
ature of the day as well as the more ancient. His life was divided 
between pastoral work and school teaching. For live years I 
was his pupil and recall with especial satisfaction the fact that 
the only reader used in his school room was How's Shakes- 
pearean Reader, by means of which boys of from eleven to 
eighteen years were saturated with pure English from its chief- 
est and most glorious source. So, our speller was always a small 
edition of Walker's Dictionary, 

Discussing certain peculiar traits in the family he used to as- 
sure me that "all the ill-temper and crankiness in the ftimily 
came from that Porter woman!" naming, I believe, the mother 
of Susannah Cleveland (wife of Stephen Higginson and mother 
of Sarah, D. A. Tyng's wife). Although a learned man, he was 
not given to literary composition, but shone to best advantage 
in conversation. He used to tell me that his party died before 
he was born, that he was a Federalist in politics, but in modern 
politics his sympathies and votes were with those men and 
measures that time has stamped as just and right. The recent 
discussions on the decay of the churches in the interior of New 
England remind me that when my brother and I walked from 
Cambridge to Drewsville, New Hampshire, in 1801 to visit him 
in that primitive rural settlement among the beautiful hills, we 
found him poring over a quaint old quarto which he said was 
John Eliot's work on how to teach the Indians, f and which he 
assured us he was searching in hopes to find suggestions to help 
him reach the benighted people under his care in that vicinity. 

Emma Degen Tyng, dau. James H. T. and M. D,, b. Oct. 4, 

*Charles Kingsley wrote of his own father that he "was said to possess every tal- 
ent except that of using his talents." 

tProlaably, "The Indian Primer; or the Way of Training up of our Indian Youth in 
the Good Knowledge of God," Cambridge, 1669. 


183<;, a cultivated and most excellent lady, m, Oct. 1, 1856, 
EiCHAED M. Upjohn, a native of Shaftesbury, England, (b. 
Mar. 7. 182^), son of a distinguished architect (vvho built Trinity 
Church. Broadway, New York), came to America in infancy, 
and studied architecture in his father's office. He is Member of 
the American Institute of Architects (of which the elder Upjohn 
was a founder), President of the New York Chapter of that In- 
stitute; Member of the Long Island Historical Society (from its 
earliest days), and of the Hamilton Club, Brooklyn. His work 
has taken very high rank among the conceptions of American 
architects; many beautiful churches and public buildings 
throughout the country attesting his refined taste and profes- 
sional skill. Among ecclesiastical edifices may be named, the 
Berkeley Street Congregational Church, Boston, Mass., St. 
Peter's, Albany, N. Y., St. Paul's in Brooklyn, St. Chrysostom, 
New York. Conspicuous for both beauty and grandeur is the 
Connecticut State Capitol at Hartford, "a capacious building of 
white marble in the modern Gothic style, costing over $3,100,- 
000, and standing conspicuously in the midst of the city on a 
slight elevation," 1879. 

Richard R. Upjohn, son of the last, b. April 28, 1859, was 
graduated at Cornell University and at the Nashotah Seminary, 
Wisconsin. Took orders in the Episcopal Church and has been 
since Assistant in the Church of the Ascension, Chicago. 
Earlier he was a draughtsman in his father's office. 

Francis James Upjohn, son of R. M. U. and E. D. T., b. 
June 23, 1861; d. Oct. 1883. This excellent youth had in- 
herited superior artistic taste, had studied at the N. Y, Academy 
of Design, had made a set of designs after Flaxman for the dec- 
oration of a music hall in Baltimore, and, at his untimely taking 
off, was developing a design for a stained glass window which 
was afterwards placed in the chapel of the Old Ladies' Home, 
Augusta, Maine. A young man of high character and except- 
ional promise in his profession, his early decease was cause of 
general lament. 

Charles B. Upjohn, another son, b. June 26, 1866, who has 
also fine artistic capacities, is working with his father. 



Rebecca Atkins, daii. D. A. and S. K., 1767—1842 (June 23), 
youngest of this family, reared with the others under Sarah 
Kent's wise rule, never married but lived with her mother until 
the latter's death, later continuing in the same house, which 
had been renewed for her by her brother Dudley. Clinging 
throughout life to Newburyport, her house and pleasant ad- 
jacent grounds were a favorite resort for the young people, to 
all of whom she was "Aunt Becky.'' My Uncle James' char- 
acterization of her is a trifle singular. "Her character was disv 
tinguished by strong good sense and good feeling. She wanted 
softness and genuineness of manner, but exemplified all christ- 
tian virtues." Perhaps she was over critical to her nephew dur- 
ing his callow days. 


"It is a noble faculty of our nature which enables us to connect our thoughts, our 
sympathies, and our happiness, with what is distant in place or time, and looking 
before and after, to hold communion at once with our ancestors and our posterity. 
There is also a moral and philosophical respect for our ancestors which elevates 
the character and improves the heart. Next to the sense of religious duty and 
moral feeling, I hardly know what should bear with stronger obligation on a liberal 
and enlightened mind, than a consciousness of an alliance with excellence which is 
departed, and a consciousness, too, that In its acts and conduct, and even in its 
sentiments and thoughts, it may be actively operating on the happiness of those 
that come after it."— Daniel Webster. 



Thomas Dudley. 

The descendants of Joseph Atkins have always manifested a 
remarkable interest m their Dudley heritage. In the Atkins 
male line the name has been kept in constant use as a first name 
and is likely still to be so used. That Joseph Atkins should 
marry, speedily upon his settlement in New England, a daugh- 
ter of Governor Joseph Dudley is probably to be accepted as a 
guarantee of his having already established his own social stand- 
ing among the best. Had he not, however, this alliance, joined 
with his wealth and the tale of his naval services, would 
have rendered secure his position. All early colonial records 
make plain old Gov. Thomas Dudley's prominence and worthi- 
ness, while Judge Se wall's diary attests Governor Joseph's 
claim to rank with the best in his day, and it was no little honor 
to be allied to two such men, we may believe, in spite of what- 
ever lack of sympathy we may feel with the stern puritanism of 
the elder governor or the ardent royalism of the younger. 

It is very singular that one of such good breeding, dignity 
and former exalted associations as Thomas Dudley, should have 
omitted to hand down any record as to who his parents were 
and what his descent, and Mather's allusion to "the family he 
was, by his father, descended from" is very tantalizing. Aside 
from his family name, we note that he used as 
his coat on his seal (as on his will) the green 
lion rampant which for centuries marked the 
great house of Dudley in England. Governor 
Joseph also used the same coat. Anne Brad- 
street, Thomas' poetic daughter, clearly claims 
Dudiey-or. a lion kiuship with Sir Philip Sidney of whose un- 
lampan . timely fall at Zutphen she laments as follows: 

*As will be seen, I am under <?reat obligation to Mr. Dean Dudley's History of the 
Dudley Family— a most elaborate work, but I have also used Adlard and miscel- 
laneous writers everywhere, in the preparation of this monograph.— F. H, A, 


"O, who was near thee, but did sore repine 
He rescued not with life that life of thine? 
But yet impartial Fate this boon did give. 
Though Sidney died, his valiant name should live. 

In all records, thy name I ever see 

Put with an epithet of dignity: 
Which shows, thy worth was great, thine honor such, 
The love thy country owed thee, was as much. 
Let none, then, disallow of these my strains 
Who have the self -same Mood yet in my veinsy 

Sidney was son of Mary Dudley, daughter of the great John 
Dudley, Duke of ^Jorthumberland, and sister of Guilford Dud- 
ley, Lady Jane Grey's husband and fellow victim. 

Adlard, who published a book on the Sutton Dudleys in 1863, 
attempts to assert the descent of our Thomas Dudley from a 
Thomas Dudley, brother of that Lord Dudley who sold 
his manor and in his penniless old age was known in derision as 
Lord Quondam. He was of the younger line and died in 1553. 
But on reading Adlard I was impressed with the utter futility 
of his effort. There is nothing to justify his assertion, and 
Dean Dudley takes the same view of Adlard's assumptions. 
To illustrate the difficulty of this research in England — there 
were in London in the latter part of the 16th century several 
Roger Dudleys, and Dean Dudley, in seeking our Roger's 
parentage, specifies individually no fewer than ten Thomas Dud- 
leys who might have been born about the year 1500. Perhaps 
our clever American, Henry F. Waters, called "the very 
wizard of genealogical divination," may yet find the lacking 
clue. D. D. suggests that Mrs. Purefoy's will, if found, might 
enlighten us. Joseph Dudley, having lived many of his adult 
years in England, moving in the highest social circles, should 
have known his father's family, and yet nothing of his knowl- 
edge remains to us. D. D. spent much time and vast eftbrt in 
England trying to unravel this mystery but has nothing to offer. 
He has sifted well, however, the Nicolls and Purefoy connect- 
ion. Thomas' "maternal kinsman," as Mather styles Judge 
Nicolls, who filled honorable positions under Elizabeth and 
James, a lawyer and Judge of the Common Pleas, and 

ried in Engl 
bury 1643 

1st. Mary, 
Gov. John A 

laughter— history unl^nown. 

1. bapt. 
m. Benj. 
ne; m. 2(1 
uas Pacy. 

Mercy, b. 1621, 
m. Rev. John 
of Newbury: d. 

0. Merchant and 

toms. Boston; m. 

dau. Gov. John 

Dudley d. 1681. 

b. 1670. 
1685, d. 


le, I). 

MARY, b. 2 Nov., 
1692: m. 1st Francis 
Wainwright: m. 2d 

fov. 4. 1680. 
1.. 1773. 

*Oii p. 5( ^ 

It. died 1810. 


"O, who was near thee, but did sore repine 
He rescued not with life that life of thine? 
But yet impartial Fate this boon did give. 
Though Sidney died, his valiant name should live. 

In all records, thy name I ever see 

Put with an epithet of dignity: 
Which shows, thy worth was great, thine honor such, 
The love thy country owed thee, was as much. 
Let none, then, disallow of these my strains 
Who have the self -same Mood yet in my veins.'''' 

Sidney was son of Mary Dudley, daughter of the great John 
Dudley, Duke of Northumberland, and sister of Guilford Dud- 
ley, Lady Jane Grey's husband and fellow victim. 

Adlard, who published a book on the Sutton Dudleys in 1863, 
attempts to assert the descent of our Thomas Dudley from a 
Thomas Dudley, brother of that Lord Dudley who sold 
his manor and in his penniless old age was known in derision as 
Lord Quondam. He was of the younger line and died in 1558. 
But on reading Adlard I was impressed with the utter futility 
of his effort. There is nothing to justify his assertion, and 
Dean Dudley takes the same view of Adlard^s assumptions. 
To illustrate the difficulty of this research in England — there 
were in London in the latter part of the 16th century several 
Roger Dudleys, and Dean Dudley, in seeking our Roger's 
parentage, specifies individually no fewer than ten Thomas Dud- 
leys who might have been born about the year 15<»0. Perhaps 
our clever American, Henry F. Waters, called "the very 
wizard of genealogical divination," may yet find the lacking 
clue. D. D. suggests that Mrs. Purefoy's will, if found, might 
enlighten us. Joseph Dudley, having lived many of his adult 
years in England, moving in the highest social circles, should 
have known his father's family, and yet nothing of his knowl- 
edge remains to us. D. D. spent much time and vast effort in 
England trying to unravel this mystery but has nothing to offer. 
He has sifted well, however, the Nicolls and Purefoy connect- 
ion. Thomas' "maternal kinsman," as Mather styles Judge 
Nicolls, who filled honorable positions under Elizabeth and 
James, a lawyer and Judge of the Common Pleas, and 


a Captidii in the Wars uii- I 
del' Queen Elizabeth, was | 
killed while yet ycmiig 

Dorothy, born and mar- 
ried in England; died Rox- 
bury 164.3. Aged 61 years. 

_ I 

fJOV. THOMAS, born in Bngland,=Catharine. widow Samuel Hackburn, 

1576; married 2d wife 1644; died 31 July, I Roxbury, iMasri., daughter of Dighton. 

1653. Came to x\merica in 16.30. After death of Gov. D. she married 3d 

I Rev. John Allen. She d. 2tt Aug.. 1671. 

A daughter— history unknown. 

1st. Mary, daughter=Rev. Samuel, born about I6]0.=2d. Marj' (Byley?) Anne, b. about 
Gov. John Winthrop. "Lived at Exeter New Hamp., 1612, the poet- 
died 168.3. Married 3d. Eliza- ess; m. Gov. 
aboth(V). He seems to have Simon Brad- 
had eighteen children. street; d. 1672. 

Patience, m. Sarah, bapt. Mercy, b. 1621, 
Major General 1620, m. Benj. m. Rev. John 
Daniel Deui- Keayne: m. 2d Woodbridge, 
son. d. 1680-90. Thomas Pacv. ofNewburv;d. 

Deborah, b. 
1645, m. Jona- 
than Wade, d. 

GOV. ■ JOSEPH, b.=REBECCA Tyng, b. 
Sept. 23, 1647, at about 1651, dau. of 
Roxbury; d. 2 April. Hon. Edward Tyng.- 
1720, at Roxbury. d. Sept. 21. 1722. 

Paul, bapt. 1650. Merchant and 
Collector of Customs, Boston; m. 
Mary Leverett, dau. Gov. John 
Leverett. Paul Dudley d. 1681. 



Joseph, Paul; Samuel, 








b. 1670. 

b. 1671, 

b. 1673, b. 1675. h. 1677. 

b. 1679, 

b. 1681, 

rine, b. 

b. 1684. 

b. 1686. 

b. 1689. 

rine, Ti. 



died Chief died 


m. Sam'l 

1683, d. 

m. John 

m. Eliz. 


1 ()!)(), m. 

- Harv. 


young, .lustice young. 








1685, d. 

m. Lucv 


m. 2d 

liort. (1. 




Miller, d. 




(1. 1760. 

MARY, b. 2 Nov., 
1692: m. 1st Francis 
Walnwright; m. 2d 
Ca|)t. .JOSEPH AT- 

Mary Dudley and Erancis Walnwright. 

Married Jan 1, 1712. 
died Nov. 19, 1774. 

John, born 1714, 
died 1736. 

He died in Boston. Sept. 4. 

n .July 29. 1716. 
died 1766. 
She married Chambers Russell, died 176 

Makv DtJDLEV and .I oskph Atkins. 

Married 17.30. Baptised Nov. 4. 1680. 

died 25 Jan.. 177.3. 

*On p. 50 It is incorrectly stati'd tlial W. T>. 


iert an Addingtoii. Tt sliould be h Davenport, and desce.n 

DucTley xVtkins. 

born 1731. 
(lied Sept. 24. 1767. 
He uiarried Sarah Kenl. 

fioni tlie AddinfTtons. etc. 


warmly spoken of by Fuller in his Worthies, was the employer 
and teacher of the Puritan Thomas. It was the Judge's moth- 
er, Mrs. Purefoy in her second marriage, a woman famous for 
her piety and wisdom, who was our subject's devoted friend and 
guardian through his early youth. She had had him "trained 
up in some Latin school." It is supposed that she, Anne Pell 
by birth, was of close kin with Thomas' mother. 

These associations with the learned Judge and his philan- 
thropic mother, as well as the Northampton connection, were 
doubtless of great service to the orphaned boy, and secured him 
all the advantages of the best culture of that age. 

Some one had put in trust for him £500, a fund which was 
carefully kept till he was of age. Why this providence was se- 
cret has not been made clear. 

Cotton Mather has left us a sketch of Thomas Dudley from 
which I quote, "He was born at the town of Northampton in 
the year 1574 (1576, Adlard,) the only son of Captain Roger 
Dudley, who being slain in the wars [at picturesque Ivry, it is 
said] left this, our Thomas, with his only sister, for the Father 
of the Orphans to take them up.* That he was brought up in 
the family of the Earl of Northampton, and afterwards became 
a clerk to his maternal kinsman Judge NicoUs, and thus obtain- 
ed some knowledge of the law, which proved of great service 
to him in his subsequent life. At the age of twenty he received 
a captain's commission from Queen Elizabeth and commanded 
a company of volunteers under Henry IV of France at the siege 
of Amiens in 1597. On the conclusion of peace the next year 
he returned to England and settled near Northampton, where he 
was in the neighborhood of Dod, Hildersham, and other emi- 
nent Puritan divines, and became himself a non-conformist. 
After this he was for nine or ten years steward to Theophilus, 
the young Earl of Lincoln, who succeeded to his father's title 
15 Jan. 1619 [and Dudley has the credit of having selected for 
him his admirable wife, Bridget]. But becoming desirous of a 
more retired life, he retired to Boston in Lincolnshire, where he 
enjoyed the acquaintance and ministry of the Rev. John Cotton. 
He was afterwards prevailed upon by the Earl of Lincoln to re- 
sume his place in his family, where he continued till the storm 

*What became of the sister mentioned by Mather does not appear. 


of persecution led him to join the company that were meditat- 
ing a removal to New England. He was one of the signers of 
the agreement at Cambridge 29 Aug. 1629, and we find him 
present for the first time at the Company's Courts on the 16th 
of October." 

Mather also speaks in detail of his superior executive talents, 
early displayed in his Lincoln stewardship. He found the 
young Earl's estate £20,000 in debt, and in a few years managed 
to pay it all ofi", besides much increasing his income. He 
"married a lady Dorothy by name whose extract and estate 
were considerable." — Mather. A letter written in 1627 speaks 
of his being reported to have £300 or £400 per annum, a very 
handsome income for those days. Mr. Dudley was closely affil- 
iated with a host of those brave men who resisted Charles the 
First's levy of Ship Money, but was fortunate in escaping the 
evils that befel many of his comrades. 

His disrelish for the royal encroachments and his zeal for the 
non-conforming religion encouraged his early— 1627 to 1629 — 
CO operation with Saltonstall, Winthrop and others in arranging 
a transfer to the New England shores. His party, sailing in the 
Arbella, reached Salem June 12, 1630, Winthrop being gover- 
nor and Dudley deputy-governor. His son the Rev. Samuel 
Dudley and his sons-in-law, Bradstreet and Dennison, were with 
him. After a brief stay in Cambridge they settled in Boston — 
that is, they and their comrades were the practical founders of 
these towns. 

Mr. Dudley was first elected Governor in 1634, and after- 
wards three other times, 1640, 1645, 1650. He was Deputy 
Governor thirteen years and for five other years Assistant, that 
is, representative to the Court of Assistants (Legislature). He 
was four years Major General of the Ancient and Honourable 
Artillery Company, the first to hold that office. 

Mather further says, "Envy itself cannot deny him a place 
amongst the first three that ever were called to intermeddle in the 
attkirs of the Massachusetts; he was endowed with many excel- 
lent abilities that qualified him thereunto; for he was known to be 
well skilled in the law, for which he had great opportunities un- 
der Judge Nicolls; he was likewise a great hist rian, and so 
could emerge with the seed of former ages as well as with those 


amongst whom his own lot was cast. He had an excellent pen, 
as was accounted by all;* nor was he a mean poet; mention is 
made by some of his relations of a paper of verses, describing 
the state of Europe in his time, which having passed the royal 
test in King James' time, who was himself not meanly learned, 
and so no unmeet judge of such matters; but in his latter times 
he conversed more with God and his own heart. " 

He was a very shrewd man of affairs and not only was well 
off in England but acquired much property in Massachusetts. 
His tenacity at a bargain was noted, and he pressed his rights at 
law. He was one of the twelve appointed in 1636 by the Gen- 
eral Court to consider the matter of establishing a college at 
Newtown (Cambridge), and had the honor in 1650 of signing as 
Governor the charter granted to Harvard College. He was 
true to the exclusive principles of the particular sort of relig- 
ionists who colonized Massachusetts. He objected to other 
sectaries settling there, but is clear of all taint of witch burning 
and of the lopping of Quaker ears. Parkman, narrating the 
visit of a Canadian Jesuit missionary to Boston about 1650, 
mentions "the Governor, the harsh and narrow Dudley, grown 
gray in repellant virtue and grim honesty," but he was highly 
esteemed by his contemporaries for his worldly wisdom and his 
general learning, as well as for his piety. Anne Bradstreefs 
Epitaph on him is worth quoting. 

"Within this tomb, a patriot lies, 
That was both pious, just and wise; 
To truth, a shield, to right, a wall. 
To sectaries, a whip and maul; 
A magazine of history, 

A prizer of good company; 

In manners pleasant and severe, 

The good him loved, the bad did fear. 

And when his time with years was spent. 

If some rejoiced, more did lament." 

♦Extract from T. D's. letter to his friend and patron Lady Bridget, Countess of 
Lincoln. "For the satisfaction of your honor and some friends, and for use of such 
as shall hereafter intend to increase our plantation in New England, I have, in the 
throng of domestic, and not altogether free from public business, thought fit to com- 
mit to memory our present condition, and what hath befallen us since our arrival 
here; which I will do shortly, after my usual manner and must do rudely, having 
yet no table, nor other room to write in, than by the fireside upon my if nee, in the 
sharp winter; to which my family must have leave to resort, though they break 
good manners, and make me many times forget what I would say, and say what I 
would not." 


The Rev. Ezekiel Rogers, also an early colonist, wrote of 
him this epitaph: 

''In books, a prodigal, they say, 
A living Cyclopaedia; 
Of histories of church and priest 
A full compendium at least; 
A table-talker, rich in sense. 
And witty without wit's pretence; 
An able champion in debate. 
Whose words lacked numbers but not weight. 
In character, a critic bold. 
And of that faith both sound and old— 
Both Catholic and Christian too; 
A soldier trusty, tried and true; 
New England's Senate's crowning grace. 
In merit truly as in place; 
Condemned to share the common doom, 
Reposes here in Dudley's tomb."* 

"His love of justice appeared at all times, and in special upon 
the judgment seat, without respect of persons in judgment, 
and in his own particular transactions with all men he was exact 
and exemplary. He had a piercing judgment to discover the 
wolf, though clothed with a sheepskin. His love to the people 
was evident. He lived desired and died lamented by all good 
men." — Morton, Hist. Colonies. Another says that when he 
died he left not his peer behind, and Mather speaks of his "sin- 
cere piety, exact justice, hospitality to strangers and liberality to 

*Froni an Inventory given in D. D's. Hist. D. Family I transcribe the old Puritan's 
book list: Staph. Szegini communes Loci, General History of the Netherlands, The 
Turkish History, Jurii Tremelij Trans. Bibl Sale. Livius, Camden's Annals of 
Queen Elizabeth, Dictionary Latin. Commentaries of the Wars in France, Buchan- 
an's Scotch History, An Abstract of Penal Statutes, The Vision of Piere Plowman. 
Apology of the Prince of Orange, Cotton's Bloody Tenet Washed, Cotton's Holiness 
of Cliurcli Members. Connnentary on the Commandments, Rogeis' Sermons on the 
Exposition of t lie 9th and 10th of Proverbs, Byfleld's Doctrine of Christ. Calvin on the 
ComiuandiiHMits, aiiotlier C'ommentary on the Commandments, Baynes' Letters, 
The Swedisli IntelligcTicei', The ISIantuan's Bucolics and Apha Table, Jacob of the 
Church, Regimen of Healtli. Reply to a Defendedona, Survey of the Book of Common 
Prayer, Clarke's 111 News, Mr. Deering's Works, The Book of Laws, Demonstration 
of the Causes of War in Germany by Corderius, Norton's Resp. ad ApoU. Mercurius, 
Gallo Belg. Amesy Cas: Cause, Cotton's Keys and Vials, De Jure Magister in 
Subdites, Mather's Reply to Rutherford, Hildersham's Humiliation for Sinners, Of 
Baptism and the Doctrine of Superiority, Beza's Christian Confession, 8 French 
Books, Several Pamphlets, New Books and Small Writings. 


the poor." Bancroft speaks of his not being mellowed in age, 
and quotes his rather well known sentences — "God forbid our 
love for the truth should be grown so cold that we should toler- 
ate errors," and, "1 die no libertine."* 

His first wife died in 1643, and four months later, at 67 years 
of age, he married Catharine {nee Dighton) widow of Samuel 
Hackburn of Roxbury, who, after the Governor's death married 
the Rev. John Allyn of Dedham, bearing children of each of 
these husbands. Governor Joseph was her son. 

Mr. Dudley died at Roxbury, July 31, 1653, at the age of 74, 
and was interred with those civic and military honors his high 
character, his usefulness to the colony, and his rank in public 
affairs fully demanded. 

Dean Dudley, whose acquaintance is most extensive among 
the multitude of Thomas Dudley's descendants states that no 
portrait exists of him or his wife Catharine. 

*"In Church History, a name given in England to the early Anabaptists, about 
the middle of the 16th century"— Title "Libertine," Brande's Encyclopedia. 



"Joseph Dudley was born at Roxbury, Mass., Sept. 23, 1647, 
being the second son of Gov. Thomas Dudley, and the second 
child by his second wife Catharine (Dighton), widow of Mr. 
Samuel Hackburn, who died Dec. 24, 1642. It has often been 
thought worthy of mention by his biographers, that he was the 
son of his father's old age of 72 years. Being only five years 
old when his father died, he had no opportunity to learn from 
the personal instruction of the venerable Puritan, but his moth- 
er soon married the Rev. John AUyn of Dedham, one of the best 
and most learned ministers in the colony; and Mr. AUyn became 
a faithful guide to his youth." Mr. AUyn is described as "a 
man of learning, a great theologian, a judicious and sensible 
writer in the opinion of his contemporaries, * * * a worthy 
and leading character in the colony." Joseph was put to learn of 
Master Corlet, a teacher of note in Cambridge, and at thirteen 
years entered Harvard where he was graduated in 1665. He 
was admitted Freeman in 1672 and for a dozen years thereafter 
was in the legislative body of Massachusetts. In King Philip's 
War he was one of the colonial commissicmers who by treaty 
kept the Narragansetts from joining the savage chief. He was 
a member of the Ancient- and Honourable Artillery Company, 
Commissioner for the joint colonies of Plymouth and Massachu- 
setts, and in 1681 was chosen one of the agents of his own col- 
ony to the British Court, but did not go till a year or two later. 

Having been especially trained in law he presided over the 
courts in New Hampshire, his judicial orders being still preserved 
at Exeter. "Mr. Dudley, with a shrewd eye to future prefer- 
ment attached himself to the conservative party in 1680." 
Dudley and Major John Richards sought in England to main- 
tain the colony's ancient charter. Just before leaving, a friend 
in England wrote him, "I mean to promote you according to 
your merit, which hath made a great impression upon the great 
moving men at court." It chanced however that the crown was 
determined to relieve the colonists of their autonomy, and the 




efforts of the agents proved futile, and the result so unsatisfact- 
ory at home that on their return Dudley failed to secure his 
election as Assistant. The venerable and excellent John Hig- 
ginson in a letter to him speaks disapprovingly of the people 
having "put such an indignity" upon him. But he had let no 
grass grow under his feet in England, where his learning and 
polish must have served him well. In May 1686 his friend Ran- 
dolph came from England with his commission as President of 
the new government, covering Maine, New Hampshire, Massa- 
chusetts and Rhode Island. The popular General Court pro- 
tested, but were fain to be acquiescent. 

However, the new rule was short, for in December, the same 
year. Sir Edmund Andros came over and superseded Dudley, 
though retaining him as president of his council. The people, 
who had at first resented Dudley's easy retirement before An- 
dros, were now angry that he took oflSce under him. 

In the main Dudley sustained Andros' government. In 1687 
King James made him one of the justices in an Admiralty Court, 
but upon James' downfall in '89 the people threw Andros in 
prison (April 18), sending him to England by order of the crown 
next year. Dudley, as Chief Justice, was holding court in 
Rhode Island at the time of Andros' seizure, and he also was 
arrested and taken to Boston and imprisoned, while his brother- 
in-law Simon Bradstreet was installed by the people as Gover 

As Joseph Dudley's character has been so much aspersed, I 
deem it best to give considerable space to these affairs, and quote 
Dean Dudley's description: "The towns sent Representatives 
June 5th, and, having assembled in Boston, they were asked 
what should be done with the prisoners. After a long session 
on the 27th, the House resolved to impeach Sir Edmund An- 
dros, Col. Dudley and others, and refused to release them any 
way. Mr. Dudley often petitioned to be released on account of 
ill-health and his family concerns. Finally, the Deputies, in 
General Court, decided to remove him to his house, to be still 
confined there and kept under guard, and a good bail bond 'to 
the value of £10,000, until he should be otherwise disposed of 
by direction from the government of the Mass. colony.' And 
he was removed to his house. But, notwithstanding his £10,000 
bond, and the order of the Legislature, the mob, in three hours 


after, went to his house, seized hira at 12 o'clock at night and 
brought him to town. The jail-keeper refused to receive him, 
and he was carried to his niece's house, (Madam Paige's) which 
the crowd of 200 or 300, headed by some roughs, broke open, 
smashing all before them. Gov. Bradstreet sent him a letter 
asking him to return to the prison in order to allay the rage of 
the mob, which he did. It was a great injury to his affairs, as 
well as to his health; still he did not despair of his country; and 
herein he displayed the philosophy of a magnanimous soul. He 
lived to win honor and offices, if not wealth, superior to any 
American of his era. 

At last an order came from the King, for Andros and Dudley 
to be sent to England, and approving of the people's and Gov. 
Bradstreet's course. After being released to settle up his fam- 
ily matters, which took about a month, Dudley was sent off" for 
trial in England for his provincial off'ences. The approval of 
the Mass. Government from the throne, greatly pleased the col- 
onists, and relieved them from apprehensions on account of their 
late assumption of authority. The order had arrived in the last 
part of the year 1689, and Feb. 16, 1690 the arrested men em- 
barked and sailed away. 

Gov. Dudley returned from England near the end of the year, 
having easily conciliated the King; and was appointed Chief 
Justice of New York, by Gov. Sloughter." Another governor 
removed him in 1692. "He went to England again in 1693 and 
stayed till 1702. During his residence there he was eight years 
Deputy Governor of the Isle of Wight, Lord John Cutts being 
Governor, Cutts was one of King William's veteran command- 
ers in his wars, and he patronized Col. Dudley [as he was called 
in England] for some reason the whole eight or nine years of 
his sojourn in England and after his return home." Dudley 
was also Deputy Mayor of Newton, Isle of Wight, and in 1701 
was sent to Parliament for that place. 

"Gov. Joseph Dudley was very popular wherever he went in 
England, as appears by letters of literary and learned men of 
that time. Sir Richard Steele is one who mentions him, as do 
also Sir Matthew Dudley, a fellow of the Royal Society, Rev. 
Benj. Colman and others. The last gentleman says of his 
English fame, 'I am, myself, a witness of the honor and esteem 
he was in there, and his country not a little for his sake, among 


wise and learned men, both at London and at Cambridge. He 
was then in the prime of his life, and shone at the very court 
and among the philosophers of the age. When I was at 
Cambridge, Eng., as soon and as often as I had occasion to say 
that I came from New England, I was eagerly asked if I knew 
Col. Dudley, who had lately appeared there with my Lord 
Cutts, and one and another spoke with much admiration of the 
man, as the modesty and humility of my country will not allow 
me to repeat.' Sir Richard Steele, the friend of Addison, Pope 
and Swift, was Mr. Dudley's intimate associate in the last part 
of his residence at London, and he said he owed many of his 
best thoughts, and the manner of expressing them, to his ac- 
quaintance with Col. Dudley, who had a great command of 
ideas and expressions adapted to move the aftections." 

During his later years in England he diligently sought the 
Massachusetts governorship, and at once on Queen Anne's acces- 
sion she sent him over with his coveted commission newly signed 
by herself, for indeed William III had authorized and signed a 
similar paper just before his death. He had been gone nine 
years from his native land, and perhaps his relatives and friends 
had cultivated a better sentiment towards him, for he was re- 
ceived with every show of popular admiration. Judge Sewall says, 
June 11, 1702, "-The Governor has a very large wig. We drink 
healths. About 21 guns are fired at our leaving the Centurion; 
and cheers are given. Then Capt. Scot and another ship tired, 
and the Castle fired many guns. We landed at Scarlet's wharf, 
where the Council and Regiment waited for us. We were es- 
corted to Town-house by the Troop of Guards and Col. Paige's 
Troop. There the Governor's and Lieutenant-Governor's com- 
missions were published to a crowded assembly of the ministers 
and populace. They took their oaths, laying their hands on 
the bible, after kissing it. We had a large Treat. Just about 
dark Troops guarded the Governor to Roxbury. He rode in 
Major Hobble's coach, drawn by six horses richly harnessed. 
The Foot gave three very good volleys after the publication of 
the commissions, and were dismissed. Mr. Mather craved 
a blessing and Mr. Cotton Mather returned thanks." 

" 'Here,' says one of the historians, 'began the controversy 
which nothing but independence could solve. In vain did Gov. 
Dudley endeavor to win from the Assembly concessions to the 
royal prerogative.' Hutchinson says Gov. Dudley had no rest 


for the first seven years of his administration, which lasted till 
May, 1715. He found that many of his Council were Repub- 
licans; and they would not give heed to the Queen's requisitions 
respecting fortifications or the settlement of salaries; 'for,' said 
he in a letter to the Secretary of State, 'they love not the crown 
and government of England, and will not be moved to any man- 
ner of obedience thereto.' " 

Bancroft (Revised Edition 1879) says, "The same policy was 
sure to be followed, when, on the death of Bellomont, the col- 
ony had the grief of receiving as its governor, under a commis- 
sion that included New Hampshire, its own apostate son, Jos- 
eph Dudley, the great supporter of Andros, 'the wolf, whom 
the patriots of Boston had 'seized by the ears,' whom the people 
had insisted on having'in the jail,' and who, for twenty weeks, had 
b6en kept in prison, or as he termed it, had been 'buried alive.' " 
Again, Bancroft proceeds, "The character of Dudley was that 
of profound selfishness. He possessed prudence and the infer- 
ior virtues, and was as good a governor as one could be who 
loved neither freedom nor his native land. On meeting his first 
assembly he gave 'instances of his remembering the old quarrel, 
and the people, on their parts, resolved never to forget it.' 'All 
his ingenuity could not stem the current of their prejudice 
against him.' A stated salary was demanded for the governor. 
'As to settling a salary for the governor,' replied the house, "it 
is altogether new to us; nor can we think it agreeable to our 
present constitution, but we should be ready to do what may be 
proper for his support.' 'This country,' wrote his son, 'will 
never be worth living in, for lawyers and gentlemen, till the 
charter is taken away.' In vain did Dudley endeavor to win 
from the legislature concessions to the royal prerogative, and 
he became the active opponent of the chartered liberties of New 
England, endeavoring to effect their overthrow and the estab- 
lishment of a general government as in the days of Andros." 
In Sept. 1703, "when the royal requisition for an established sal- 
ary had once more been fruitlessly made, he urged the ministry 
to change the provincial charter." 'Tt was not an Englishman 
who proposed this abridgement of charter privileges, but a na- 
tive of Massachusetts, son of one of its earliest magistrates, him- 
self first introduced to public affairs by the favor of its people," 
and in another place the eminent historian calls our ancestor "a 
degenerate son of the colony." 


Gov, Dudley was happier in his relations with New Hamp- 
shire, for its Assembly voted fair taxes for the expense of the 
government, and later voted their disapproval of a petition 
against Dudley sent to the Queen in 1706. Cotton Mather, the 
quaint spoken, witch-hunting divine and writer, the warm ad- 
mirer of the elder Dudley and once the friend of Joseph, had 
now become embittered against him, and is supposed to have 
favored this petition. That fine old servant of the Lord, John 
Higginson, was the Governor's friend and regretted that his 
(H's) son should have signed the petition. Sewall played fast 
and loise, though his son had wedded Dudley's daughter and he 
was ostensibly his close friend. He writes, Nov. 28, 1707, "I 
hoped Mr. Higginson would be Governor and endeavored to 
procure his favor." 

It is doubtless true that much of the turmoil through which 
Dudley passed was due to the self -seeking ambition of the peo- 
ple about him. Mather and his father, Dr. Increase Mather, 
resented the Governor's endeavor to disentangle the political 
aflkirs of the colony from clerical control or dictation, and Cot- 
ton Mather was bent on securing the presidency of Harvard 
College, but the Governor appointed John Leverett. Dean 
Dudley thus epitomizes their hostility: "Mather charges him 
with bearing a false witness against his neighbors; pouring out 
venoms against him (C. M.) to his father; having a controversy 
with the Lord, displeasing him; being covetous, making his 
country an engine to enrich himself; using bribery; countenan- 
cing the most infamous things done by his son, Paul; demand- 
ing cruel pensions and places which fearfully depraves the coun- 
try, committing robberies; thus dishonoring the Queen's gov- 
ernment; countenancing an unlawful trade with the enemies of 
the country; procuring votes to be untruly published in his 
News Letter as unanimous; loading this people with false 
charges; forbidding Church to take the fort at Port Royal, when 
he was there with forces, because the Queen had not ordered it; 
disagreeing with the government; forcing the Council to wrong 
steps, and then, when told of it, laying the blame on them; treat- 
ing him (C. M.) with aversion, slandering him; ruining his 
country, etc." 

The Governor publicly defended himself and the Council and 
the Massachusetts Representatives "voted it a scandalous accu- 
sation." In Feb. 1707-8 he addressed to the Mathers an episto- 


lary remonstrance which is dignified in style, and full of vigor, 
and says towards the close, "In the meantime, I expect you, as 
subjects to the Queen, as Christians, as messengers of the gos- 
pel of peace, to lay aside all methods that tend to blow up sedi- 
tion or abet such criminal reports of maladministration, as tend 
to debauch the minds of her majesty's good subjects of this 
province from their duty and allegiance. I desire you will 
keep your station and let fifty or sixty good ministers, your 
equals in the province, have a share in the government of the 
college, and advise thereabouts, as well as yourselves; and I 
hope all will be well. I am an honest man, and have lived re- 
ligiously these forty years to the satisfaction of the ministers of 
New England; and your wrath against me is cruel, and will not 
be justified." 

There is no denying his ambition, his desire for personal ag- 
grandizement, but though he was of aristocratic habits and sym- 
pathieis, and a royal partisan with, perhaps, a leaning to the 
Church of England, the colonists were not seriously oppressed 
during the rfeigns of William and Anne, and I believe that Jos- 
eph Dudley was deeply interested in securing and promoting 
the general welfare of the American people. Hence, I do not 
appreciate the epithets Judge C. P. Daly of New York uses in 
his sketch of our Governor, prefixed to his "History of the 
Court of Common Pleas for the City and County of New York," 
"to a more scrupuhms man," "ingratiated himself," "would 
have satisfied a man of ordinary ambition," "essentially a 
worldly minded man, with whom the possession of power and of 
exalted station was the chief end and object of life," "not over- 
scrupulous," "cringing with low servility," "using the informa- 
tion he possessed, secretly, to the disadvantage of the interests 
of the colonies . . . to forward his own." However, it is 
diflScult to gainsay those clever historians who hav^e gone to the 
original documents.* 

In his later years he and his sons stood at the front in social 
elevation, in intellectual attainments and in the esteem of their 
Massachusetts associates. Dean Dudley warmly sums up Jos- 

* James Russell Lowell wrote (Anions my Books. 288) "Perhiips some injustice 
has been done to men lilie the second Governor Dudley, and it should be counted 
to them rather as a merit than a fault, that they wished to biing New England 
bacl< within reacli of national sympathies, and to rescue it from a tradition which 
had become empty formalism." 


eph's claims to our reoard: "Gov. Dudley followed up the 
good beginning of the pilgrims, and did his share in clearing 
away the obstructions to civilization and national prosperity, 
which we now enjoy. He never forsook, or despaired of, his 
American country and his father's projected land of promise. 
For these worthy and patriotic efforts and principles we must 
cherish his memory forever. Among his characteristics to be 
emulated are his love of learning and learned people, liberality 
in his religious views and practices, love of his family and re- 
lations, his faithfulness in the performance of his duties, his 
moral courage and perseverance, his industry, frugality, per- 
sonal dignity and good nature, politeness and affability, his love 
of order, law and good government.'" 

His wife, Rebecca, who is mentioned more particularly in the 
Tyng chapter, bore him thirteen children. Seven of these died 
very young, and but one of his sons left children. He died April 2, 
1720 in his 73d year. There was the usual public funeral, and his 
friend, the Rev. Benj. Colman preached. After alluding to his 
learning in the Bible and the Classics he adds, "Here [in N. E.] 
his heart was all the while he was absent from us, and when he 
had very advantageous offers made him that would have hinder-i 
ed his return hither, he gratefully refused them that he might 
serve and die here. What he most desired, when in London, 
was to be with his family, and, when he died, to be buried in. 
the grave of his father. This he himself told me." "It is the. 
glory of our college that she was so early the mother of such' 
sons as Stoughton and Dudley. He honored and loved that 
mother and was wont to say of her, that he knew no better place 
to begin the forming of a good and worthy man, only he wished 
us the advantages of the Great Universities in our nation to 
finish and perfect us." "He preferred the sons of the College 
and men of learning in the commissions he gave; to which some 
good judges have imputed the wonderful growth of the College 
since that day; for they saw that {caster is paribus) to be capable 
was the way to be useful, and come to honor."* Colman also 

*Neheiuiah Cleveland quoting Quiucy's "Harvard College" says— "Referring to 
that clause in the Act of 1707, which gave a charter to the College, he [Quincy] says, 
it "had probably its origin in the depths of Dudley's own mind and is marked with 
boldness and sagacity eminently characteristic of him;' 'Of all the statesmen who 
have been instrumental in promoting the interests of Harvard College, Joseph 
Dudley was most influential in giving its constitution permanent character.' " 


says he was honored and esteemed in England and his country was 
also for his sake. When Mr. C. was at Cambridge, Eng., peo- 
pie "asked eagerly if I knew Colonel Dudley," and spoke with 
great admiration of him. I have thought that his inclination 
was towards the mother church but this eulogist said, "He pre- 
ferred the way of worship in our churches, and was wont fre- 
quently to say that he loved a great deal of ceremony in the Gov- 
ernment, but as little as might be in the church." 

An extract from his will may be interesting. "I have already 
by the favor of God disposed in marriage my four daughters, 
Sewall, Winthrop, Dummer and Wainwright, and paid thera 
what I intended. I further give each of them one thousand 
acres of land, to be equally taken out of six thousand acres in 
the Town of Oxford." "I further give to my four daughters, 
one hundred pounds each, to be laid out in what tbey please, in 
remembrance of their mother." "Further, if by the Providence 
of God, my daughter Wainwright fall a widow, or her husband 
incapable of business, I give her twenty pounds per annum, to 
be paid her in equal portions by her two brothers, during her 
widowhood or his incapacity for business." Paul Dudley was 
his chief inheritor. 

At his death the Boston News Letter gave a glowing eulogy 
from which I take but a sentence or two. "The Scholar, the 
Devine, the Philosopher and the Lawyer, all met in him. . . . 
Nor did so bright a soul, dwell in a less amiable body, being a 
very comely person of noble aspect and graceful mien, having 
the gravity of a judge and the goodness of a father. In a word 
he was a finished gentleman, of a most polite address; and had 
uncommon elegancies and charmes in his conversation." 

The descendants of Thomas Dudley have been innumerable 
and in all ranks of society. From Anne Bradstreet, the poet, 
came Richard H. Dana, 1st, author of the "Buccaneer," and 
early editor of the North American Review; Richard H. Dana, 
2d, an expert in International Law and author of "Two Years 
before the Mast." 

Through Joseph's daughter Ann Winthrop was descended Dr. 
Gurdon Buck, one of New York's most distinguished surgeons, 
born 1807, and Dr. A. H. Buck, an aural surgeon and medical 
writer of note today, also Dudley Buck the musical composer. 
Again from Ann Winthrop came Theodore Winthrop whose 


out-door sketches had charmed everyone in the years just before 
the Great Rebellion, and whose novels, Cecil Dreeme, John Brent, 
etc., have been justly admired. His early death in the skir- 
mish at Big Bethel, Va., at the opening of the war, was es- 
teemed a serious loss to American letters. 

Her son John Still Winthrop was father of Thomas Lindall 
Winthrop, Lieutenant Governor of Mass, (d. 1841), who was 
the parent of the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, our much beloved 
statesman, patriot, orator, scholar, United States Senator and 
Speaker of the House of Representatives, etc., (b. 1809). 

J. S. Winthrop's eleventh son, Robert W., (d. 1832) was edu- 
cated in the British Navy, Rear Admiral 1809, Vice Ad- 
miral 1830. 




17th and 18th Centuries. 

The family bearing this name has to the descendants of Jos- 
eph Atkins an unusual interest for several reasons. That 
worthy's American mother-in-law was born a Tyng (Rebecca) 
and his only American born son married a lady of Tyng de- 
scent, Sarah Kent, grand-daughter of Hannah, Rebecca's sister. 
1 think this latter fact of a second Tyng strain in the children 
of Dudley Atkins (1st) has been 
little, if at all, known in the fami- 
ly, all supposing the Tyng blood 
derived from Rebecca Dudley 

Again, the Tyng's from 1638 to 
1800 were a most noteworthy peo- 
ple in the annals of New England, 
whether regarded in their political, 
military, social or financial rela- 
tions. They were men of trust 
and high consideration on every 
hand, while their social standing 
receives additional attestation by 
the women they married, and by 

Argent, on a clievron sable three ,, ^i • • . j j i. 

martlets proper. the men their sisters and daugh- 

ters married. The frequency with which the latter effected al- 
liances with clergymen, army officers, and men holding political 
office of every grade, attests their uniform attractiveness to men 
of character. 

In the accompanying chart only a part of the members of 
each family have been named; not a few of those unnamed are 
also worthy of mention, but space had to be denied them. 


*Hesides the materials I have had in hand for years, I have trusted chiefly to Mr. 
.1. B. Hill's "Old Dunstable," published in 1878 at Nashua, New Hampshire. The 
autliorities Hill cites are. The Brinley Papers; The Rev. Timothy Alden's pam- 
phlet. "Memoirs of Edward Tyng, Esq., of Boston, and of Hon. Wm. Tyng, Esq., of 
Gorham," Nason'.s History of Dunstable; Fo.x's "Dunstable;" Savage; Wo- 
burn; Allen's Hist. Chelmsford; Farmer's List of Ancient Names in Boston and Vi- 
cinity; Potter's "Manchester." 

The Tyng arms opposite and blazon are incorrect. The correct blazon is; Argent, 
on a bend between two bendlets sable, three martlets proper. 

In the drawing there should be but three martlets, and they as well as the one in 
the crest should be footless. 


The two brothers, Edward and William, came from England 
to Boston about 1637 or '38. The latter took the Freeman's 
Oath March 13, 1638-9, while Edward was not admitted Free- 
man until June 2, 164:1., though his wife joined the Boston 
Church in Sept. 164(», and he in the January following. It is 
possible he followed William a year or two in emigrating. 
There is a little confusion as to Edward's wife. It has been 
held that he brought one with him named Sears, and that she 
having soon died he returned to England and brought his sec- 
ond wife named Mary, Others think he had but one wife, 
Mary Sears, and returned to England to get her. At any rate, 
all his children were born of the wife Mary who survived him, 
till about the beginning of the last century. We will give the 
hypothetical first wife such credit as we may by quoting Alden, 
who characterizes her as ''a lady of remarkable piety." 

Edward (1) lived permanently in Boston where he pursued an 
active career. Savage says "he was of Boston, merchant, but 
early wrote himself brewer." It is certain that he was esteem- 
ed a man of importance in the colony, both by the authorities 
and by the people, for Hill says of him, "In the judicial depart- 
ment he held the office of Justice of the Peace and of Judge in 
the Courts, and as such held courts in Massachusetts, New 
Hampshire and Maine. In military affairs he was Captain and 
Major General, and in legislative, executive and civil offices he 
held at times every station except that of Governor, Lieutenant 
Governor and Secretary or Recorder. In the records of the 
Probate office his name is constantly occurring, as executor, ad- 
ministrator, commissioner for proving debts, and allowing 
claims, witness to wills, etc.," and another writer adds more 
explicitly, "In 16-1:2 he began his official career as a constable in 
Boston. He was appointed one of the Deputies two years and 
an Assistant [memb. legislature] thirteen years in the Colonial 
Government, was a Major of the Sutfolk Regiment, was elected 
Major General." 

About 1677, being then well along in years, he removed to 
that part ot Dunstable since called Tyngsborough, a name given 
in honor of the family, as, indeed, Dunstable is reputed to have 
been named also in honor of his wife, Dunstable in England 
having been her native place.* Edward did not own property 

*During 1889 I wrote to Dunstable, Eng. and learned that there were people named 
Sears there early in the seventeenth century. 


there but seems to have retired thither to pass his declining 
years with his distinguished son Jonathan. He died Dec. 27, 
1681, at the age of 81 years, and lies there in the private cem- 
etery of the Tyngs, Mr. Tyng made a small contribution to 
Harvard in 1658, and Quincy in his History of the college 
speaks of him as of "one of the earliest, wealthiest and most in- 
fluential families in the colony.'' 

As our chief interest lies in his daughters whose descendants 
we are, I will mention them first. Rebecca (2) was born July 
13, 1651. and married in 1668 Joseph Dudley who became sub- 
sequently a very prominent man in the colony. Of her numer- 
ous children but one claims our attention, namely Mary, and 
she will be mentioned more in detail elsewhere. 
Mrs. Dudley is referred to as an accomplished lady, 
and was certainly the able and equal sharer of her distinguished 
husband's social life. Judge Sewall occasionally names her in 
his diary. "Jan. 11, 1704-5. The Governor and his lady, es- 
saying to come from Gharlestown to Boston in their sleigh, with 
four horses, two Troopers riding before them; first the Troopers 
fell into the water, and then the Governor making a stand, his 
four horses fell in, and the two behind were drowned, the sleigh 
pressing them down. They were dragged out upon the ice and 
there lay dead, a sad spectacle. Many came from Charlestown 
with boards and planks."" 

"Dec. 18, 1708, Alas! Alas! News is brought that my poor 
grandchild Samuel Sewall, son of my son Samuel [and Rebecca 
Dudley], is dead. I went too late to see the child alive. Madam 
Dudley, the Governor's lady, Mrs. Katharine and Mrs. Mary 
[later Atkins] came in while I was there and brought little Re- 
beckah with them." 

1710. "Jan. 7, Lord's Day. It seems the Governor's lady 
was very much affected with Mr. Wadsworth's Lecture Sermon; 
and fell sick. 

Jan. 14, Lord's Day. Mr. Sargent tells me that the Govern- 
or's lady was taken distracted, raving in the night, and that she 
was dying. 

1716. Dec. 29, Madam Rebecca Dudley, Gov's, wf., is Dan- 
gerously sick. 

1717. Feb. 8. I visited Gov. Dudley and his lady to in- 
quire how they did. I congratulated Madam Dudley upon her 



Sept. 21, 1722. Madiiin Rebecca Dudley, widow of Gov. 
Joseph, dies at 2 A. M. of diarrhoea. 

She had survived her husband two years. Dean Dudley 
writes of her, "Madam Dudley* was a beautiful and accom- 
plished lady. In all the trai^ic and grievous scenes of her life, 
she maintained her honor and the high esteem of all She man- 
aged her family concerns for many years alone, while her hus- 
band was in England, from 1693 to 1702, and when he was 
there as Colonial Agent. Yet there was no loss of property or 
lack of schooling for her children. She was meek and lowly 
in spirit, affectionate and faithful to her family, kind, careful 
and tender to her children and servants, and greatly beloved by 
the peoi)le.''"' 

The Boston "Newsletter," Oct. 1, 1722, gave the following 
quaint obituary: 

"Her Religion was Pure and Undefiled, even from her Youth. 
She was truly one of those Holy Women spoken of by the 
Apostle Peter, who trust in God, of a chast Conversation and 
her Adorning not outward as, &c. But of the hidden man ever 
a meek and quiet Spirit. By the Grace of God She Knew how 
to be abased and how to abound. That which she was eminent 
for above many, was her Humility, Meekness and Poverty of 
Spirit. She was a most Affectionate and Faithful Wife, a 
Kind, Carefull and Tender Mother, and an excellent Christian, 
highly Esteem'd, Respected and Beloved in her Life; Lamented 
and Honour'd at her Death, and Funeral, which was on Wed- 
nesday, the 26th. Pretious in the sight of the Lord is the 
Death of his Saints." 

Hannah Tyng, (2) Edward's eldest child, married first Habi- 
jah Savage. Of him I have learned nothing, except that Nehe- 
miah Cleveland refers to him as of "a family of military dis- 
tinction." They were married May S, 1661, by Gov. John 
Endicott. Among their children one interests us, as through 
her we catch again the Tyng strain. (See chart.) Their 
daughter Hannah (3) married the Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, son 
of Daniel, and her daughter Hannah (1) marrying, first, Vincent 
Carter, a merchant of Charlcstown, married, second, Col. 
Richard Kent, of Kent's Island near Newburyport, and became 

* The accompanying heliotype is from a portrait in possession of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society. 


the mother of our Sarah Kent— the "good grandmother" — who 
married the first Dudley Atkins. Hannah Tyng (2) married 
for her second husband Mnjor General Daniel Gookin, who 
names her kindly in his will and does not forget her children by 
H. Savage. 

Edward Tyng's daughter Eunice (2) married the Rev. Sam. 
Willard, "a learned divine and author," who was minister of 
the Old South Church, and many years Vice President and act- 
ing president of Harvard College. Her son Josiah was tutor in 
Harvard, Secretary of the Province, Judge of Probate, and one 
of his Majesty's Council for many years. 

There were two other daughters of Edward Tyng, Mary and 
Deliverance. One of them, probably the latter, married Daniel 
Searle, a prosperous Boston merchant who was afterwards 
made Governor of Barbadoes. Her son Samuel is mentioned 
in her father's will. 

There were two sous born to Edward (I) and Mary Tyng, 
Edward (2) and Jonathan (2). This Edward (2) of whom but 
little seems to have been recorded, was appointed Governor of 
Annapolis, Nova Scotia, but was taken prisoner by the French 
on his way to his post and died in France where he was detain- 
ed. Cleveland mentions him as "a man of large estate, who 
figures in the political and martial annals of the time." 

Edward's (1) grandson, Edward (3), son of Edward (2), was 
very prominent in military and naval affairs; Captain of Massa- 
chusetts forces in 1740; in 1744 as Captain of a ship he captured 
a stronger French privateer, and thereupon was presented a sil- 
ver cup of one hundred ounces by admiring Boston merchants. 
In the attempt on Louisburg under Gov. Shirley's orders he pre- 
pared a ship of 24 guns named the "Massachusetts Frigate," 
and while in command of her he was made Commodore of the 
Fleet, and in May, 1745, captured the French man of war, Vigi- 
lant, 64 guns. He declined further promotion, and died in 
Boston at the age of 72 years in 1755. His only surviving 
child, Col. William Tyng (4), of Gorham, Maine, was a man of 
vigorous traits. Born in 1737, in 1767 he was High Sheriff of 
Cumberland Co. and took residence at Falmouth, now Portland. 
Being of tory proclivities he preferred to stand with the British 
Government. He had accepted a colonel's commission from 
General Gage in 1774. After the British occupation of New 


York City, Col. Tyng repaired thence and "made himself use- 
ful by the kind and tender care bestowed upon our prisoners in 
that place, among whom was Edward Preble, the commodore," 
with whose father he had quarreled, "whom he cared for and 
tenderly nursed through a dangerous fever." 

"He sacrificed to his fidelity landed property in Boston which 
a hundred million dollars could not purchase now." (Cleveland, 
1863.) After the war he was made Chief Justice of the Prov- 
ince of New Brunswick. Later he settled in Gorham, Maine, 
where he died in 1807. His epitaph in the ancient graveyard 
at Portland specifies his "useful life marked with purity, benev- 
olenc3 and piety." He left no descendants and with him the 
name of Tyng in this family became extinct in America. 

I now turn to Mr. Edward Tyng's (1) other son, Jonathao 
(2), "a man of much distinction and influence." He was born 
in 1642, and probably spent his earlier years in Boston. In 
1673, having then been several years married to Sarah Usher, 
he was one of twenty-hix men who petitioned the General 
Court of Massachusetts to grant them a portion of land out of 
which Old Dunstable was formed, on the Merrimack River by 
the New Hampshire border. Here he made himself a home; 
here he speedily became "the leading man in all the business 
and affairs, civil, military, municipal and ecclesiastical of the 
place, and in the defence of the settlement and country from 
Indian invasion." He "was the only inhabitant who kept pos- 
session of and defended his home through all the Indian wars." 
His son William (3), was the first child born in the town, as re- 
corded by the ancient clerk under the heading "Lambs born in 
Dunstable." When in 1675 King Philip waged relentless war 
on the English settlers, the new towns on the border were 
burned and the people murdered; all the inhabitants of Dun- 
stable withdrew to the older settlements except our brave hero, 
Jonathan, who fortified his house, determined to stay. At his 
request the General Court allowed him a little guard of three or 
four men, and he maintained his position till the end of the war. 

"Jonathan Tyng thus nobly and gallantly earned the honor 
of being the first permanent settler of Dunstable and of all that 
part of New Hampshire west of the Merrimack, and of having 
his name perpetuated by a grateful posterity in that of the town 
Tyngsborough" (Judge Worcester). He was at some time a 
member of Gov. Andros' council. Sarah Usher seems to have 


been the mother of all his children, about a dozen, but after 
her death he married another Sarah, widow of Jas. Richards, 
who must have been quite well along in years then. He mar- 
ried thirdly a widow Fox, a lady near 80 years old at this time. 
Some time prior to 1713 he moved to Woburn and there re- 
ceived the special honor of permission to erect a pew in the 
meeting house, a favor formally denied to other men of note. 
Col. Tyng died in 1724. He was esteemed wealthy. 

Jonathan's three sons, William, John and Eleazur, are all 
mentioned as prominent characters. William (3), born in 1679, 
married (1700) Lucy Clarke, daughter of the Rev. Thos. 
Clarke (Harvard 1670), minister at Chelmsford. She died in 
1708. "He was Captain of a company that marched to the 
Conn. River to protect Deerfield and Hatfield people. He was 
also sent out by order of the Governor with a detachment to 
kill Old Harry," an Indian who had violated the confidence of 
the whites. He obeyed orders thoroughly, going in the winter 
of 1703 on snow-shoes and killing Old Harry and other Indians. 
The General Court rewarded this company by grantmg them 
the town of Manchester. He was finally shot by the Indians in 
1710 while passing from Groton to Concord and soon died at 
the latter place at the early age of thirty-one years. 

His older brother, John (3), was equally valiant against the 
foes of the colony. During Queen Anne's war "the General 
Court, in retaliation of the example of the government of Can- 
ada, offered a bounty of £40 each for Indian scalps. Capt. 
John Tyng of Dunstable, was the first to avail himself of this 
grim bounty, and went in the depth of winter to the Indian 
head-quarters and got five, for which he was paid £200" (Wor- 
cester). This gentleman was graduated from Harvard 1691, 
was never married, and going to England died tliere prior to 

The third son, Eleazur (3), was born in 1690 and graduated 
at Harvard in 17 12. His brothers John and William being dead 
he shared Jonathan's estate equally with the children of William. 
Like the others of his race, he was prominent in all the affairs 
of the colony; Justice of Peace, and Colonel 2d Regiment of 
Middlesex. He married Sarah Alford and survived her many 
years, dying 1782. His daughter Sarah (4) is of considerable 
interest to us as the one who broke the name of Atkins in the 
regular male line. Born about 1719, she married John Winslow 

2) Hannah. 
b. Mar. 7. 1(U( 
d. Oct. 2!). 168 1 
M. 1st Habij 
Major C 
Daniel Gookiioiith 
By 1 St mar 

3i Hannah. 
1). A 11^^27,166' 
d. May 14, 170: 
married Re^ 
Nathaniel .'. 


Id. Oct. 22, 165( 
d. xVug. 169: 
Harvard 1675. 


— Clarke, 
filter Ensign 
ous Clarke oi" 
now Port- 


4) Hannah 
m. 1st Vincei 
Carter, irn 
Col. RicHARi^oston 

5) Sarah 
b. 1729, d 18 

d 1767, I Hd 



b. 1760. d 182 
Harvard 1781 

iTook the 

j of Tyng at 
instance of 

! Sarah Tyng 

[ slow. 

I ! 

Elizabeth. X 

m. brother 
Dr. Frank- 


Vug. 17 
d Dec. 10, 
m. 1769Eliza- 

h Ross. No issue. 

*The two 
tSarah, da 
He was descei 

rcie. b. Jan. 13 
Sept. 6, 1669, 
auel, son of Gov. 
Bradstreet. (Sam 
vard 165.3.) 

20, 1667, 
n Dr. 
rvard 1680. 

et al. 


11 Holmes and 



been the mother of all his children, about a dozen, but after 
her death he married another Sarah, widow of Jas. Richards, 
who must have been quite well along in years then. He mar- 
ried thirdly a widow Fox, a lady near 80 years old at this time. 
Some time prior to 1713 he moved to Woburn and there re- 
ceived the special honor of permission to erect a pew in the 
meeting house, a favor formally denied to other men of note. 
Col. Tyng died in 1724. He was esteemed wealthy. 

Jonathan's three sons, William, John and Eleazur, are all 
mentioned as prominent characters. William (8), born in 1679, 
married (1700) Lucy Clarke, daughter of the Rev. Thos. 
Clarke (Harvard 1670), minister at Chelmsford. She died in 
1708. "He was Captain of a company that marched to the 
Conn. River to protect Deerfield and Hatfield people. He was 
also sent out by order of the Governor with a detachment to 
kill Old Harry," an Indian who had violated the confidence of 
the whites. He obeyed orders thoroughly, going in the winter 
of 1703 on snow-shoes and killing Old Harry and other Indians. 
The General Court rewarded this company by grantmg them 
the town of Manchester. He was finally shot by the Indians in 
1710 while passing from Groton to Concord and soon died at 
the latter place at the early age of thirty-one years. 

His older brother, John (3), was equally valiant against the 
foes of the colony. During Queen Anne's war "the General 
Court, in retaliation of the example of the government of Can- 
ada, offered a bounty of £40 each for Indian scalps. Capt. 
John Tyng of Dunstable, was the first to avail himself of this 
grim bounty, and went in the depth of winter to the Indian 
head-quarters and got five, for which he was paid £200" (Wor- 
cester). This gentleman was graduated from Harvard 1691, 
was never married, and going to Enghuid died there prior to 

The third son, Eleazur (3), was born in 1690 and graduated 
at Harvard in 17 1 2. His brothers John and William being dead 
he shared Jonathan's estate equally with the children of William. 
Like the others of his race, he was prominent in all the affairs 
of the colony; Justice of Peace, and Colonel 2d Regiment of 
Middlesex. He married Sarah Alford and survived her many 
years, dying 1782. His daughter Sarah (4) is of considerable 
interest to us as the one who broke the name of Atkins in the 
regular male line. Born about 1719, she married John Winslow 


i) KDVVAKl) TYN<i, 
b. iiljuut liilu, EnKhind, 
(1. Dec. 27, :(i81. 

M. 1st -■ — Sears. 
2d Mary . 

Mar. T. IWd. 
Oct. ■!». lfiSt<. 
. llabiiah 

2) JtmATIIAN, 
li. Dec. IS, 1642,. 
d Jan. HI, 1724. 
m. 1st Sarah Uslicr, 

2d Sarah Glbbuns, 
wid. Jas. Richards, 

.-id .Tudith Rayticr 
wid. Rev. .laliez F(ix 
(Ilarv. Hiii,-,.! * 

Eunice, 1) 
Mar. 8, 1B44. d. -: 
m. Rev. Samuel 
Wlllard, (Harv. 
l(i.5Sl.) V. Pres. 
Harvard CuUegu. 

2) Rebecca, 2) Edwakd, 

b. July 13, 1651, b 

d. Sept. 21, 1722, d in France: 

m Gov. Joseph m. Clarke. 

Dudley, Harv. 1 665. daughter Ensign 


h. Aug. 27.I6B7. 

d. May 14. 1702. 

married l?ev. 


13. Oct. 22. 165B: 
d. Aug. 1692: 
Harvard 1675. 

4) Hannah, 
m. 1st Vincent 
Carter. merchant 
Charlestdwn. 2d 

Col. Richard Kent. 

5 1 Sarah Kent. 
b. 172H. d 1810: 


Marv, et al. 
b. Aug. 27,1667. 
m. Rev. Thos. 
Weld. Harvard 

3) Maky, b 

2, 1692, d. No' 

1774; m. 1st 




Thaddeus Clarke 
Falmouth now Port- 
land. ] 



Marv, m. Rei 
.lohn Fox,* 
Harvard 1698, 

m. brother 
Dr. Frank- 

:i) John. -'i) William, 

b Sept 11, 1673. b April 22. 1679. 

d. in England d Aug. :o. l7io. 
unmarried. Cap- (Killed by In- 
tain. and a brave dians.) Major, a 
Indian tighter. fearless Mihlin-: 

Harvard 1691. m. Lucy Clarke, 

dau. Rev. Thos. 

Clarke, Harv. 1670. 

'dau. John All'ord. 
Boston. She died 
1753, a3t. 59. 

4) Edward. 4) William. 
An otflcer in b Boston, Aug. 17 
British Army; 1737, d Dec. 10, 
died bachelor. 1807; m. 1 7(>9 Eliza- 
beth Ross. No issue. 

a British otlic- 
er andd. 1756. 
TSTo issue. 

b Jan. : 
d. April 


I I 

John Alford, 4) Sarah. 

d. Sept. U, 177.5, cl. Oct. 9, 1791, 

unmarried, ast. 44. set. 72, m. 

Captain in 2d Regi- John Winslow 

Harvard 1781. 
I Took the name | 
I of Tyng at the 1 
' instance of Mrs. [• 
Sarah Tyng Win- ! 
I slow. J 

ment Middlesex. 

No issue. 

( The protects 

"I maiden name 

'VNt;. b. England. 
Boston. M. 
ElizaVieth Coytmore, 
lue . She died 

Bethiah. 2) Mei 

His (I 


*The two Foxes named on this sheet c 
tSarah. daughter of Ma,j. Wm. Tyng. 
wa-s descended from Rev. John Eliot t 

3) Mercy, b Nov. 20, 
d. Mar. 29, 1710, m Dr. 
Jas. Oliver. Harvard 


of Boston and lived in the old Tyng Mansion at Tyngsborough. 
"She gave a sum of money to the College [Harvard] in trust to 
pay the income of it to the support of a grammar school master 
and a settled minister within the district, in equal moieties, sub- 
ject to certain conditions by which, in case of failure on the part 
of the town to comply with the terms of the donation, the fund 
is to be forfeited to the College. This trust is still in existence, 
and the College regularly pays over the income to the teacher 
of the school and the minister of the First Parish, as appears by 
the treasurers annual report." (Harv. Register, 1881). The 
episode of her treaty with Dudley Atkins is given in the sketch 
of his career. A common epitaph for her family is cut on her 
tombstone and ends thus, "Mrs. Sarah Winslow, the last sur- 
viving child of Eleazur Tyng and the truly liberal benefactress 
of the church [C(mgregational] and Grammar School in this 
place, in honor of whose name and family it is called Tyngsboro. 
She died Oct. 9, 1791, 2Et 72." 

The only other Tyng of Edward's descent I care to mention 
was known as Judge Tyng, John (4), son of William, born 
1705. He was graduated at Harvard in 1725, married Mary 
daughter of Benjamin Morse; was Judge of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas 1763-1780, and Colonel of the 2d Regiment in Mid- 
dlesex; After the Revolution he was made Chief Justice of 
Massachusetts. "He held other offices and was distinguished 
for his ability and force of character." He had a daughter who 
married John Pitts (Harv. 1715), at one time Speaker of > the 
House of Reps. (Mass.) and holding ''other important positions 
of honor and trust." The Judge's handsome estate descended 
to his daughter and to her daughter and grand daughter — the 
last of whom married Robert Brinley. 

This account of the Tyngs would end unfairly did it not include 
some mention of William (1) brother of Edward (1). 

William Tyng resided chiefly in Boston, though he owned 
much valuable property in Braintree, ''houses, farm buildings, 
cattle and valuable real-estate." At the time of his death, Jan. 
1652, he was Treasurer of the Colony. It is said that his pro- 
perty was greater than that of any other person in the country 
at that time. It inventoried at £2774, a pound then i-epresent- 
ins: many times the value of one to-day. Except perhaps 
among the clergy, no colonist had so large and costly a collec- 
tion of books. His wife, Elizabeth Coytmore, who had relatives 


near Boston, he probably man-ied in England where one child 
was born to them. No record of her death occurs, but of his 
wife Jane the record says she "dyed. 3, 8, 1652." Elizabeth 
bore four daughters, of whom Elizabeth (2) married Thomas 
Brattle, a man of wealth and position, and the first of a line of 
Brattles of distinction and wealth in Boston and Cambridge. 
Mercie (2), the youngest, married Samuel Bradstreet (Harv- 
1653) son of the Governor Simon and Anne Dudley. Their third 
Mercy (3) child married Dr. James Oliver of Cambridge. Sarah 
Oliver (4), bapt. Dec. 20, 16'J6, married Hon. Jacob Wendell, a Bos- 
ton merchant. Their ninth child, the Hon. Oliver Wendell (5) 
(Harv. 1753) married Mary Jackson. Sarah Wendell (6) mar- 
ried the Rev. Abiel Holmes, D. D., of Cambridge, and became 
the mother of Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes (7), our well-beloved 
man of letters. 

Margaret (5), daughter of Sarah Oliver (4) and Jacob Wen- 
dell, married William Phillips, ancestor of Wendell Phillips, 
orator — the implacable foe of African slavery. 

So William Tyng, as well as Edward, left numerous descend- 
ants, but none in either descent bearing the old name except 
Dudley Atkins who assumed it at the solicitation of ]\Irs. 

The only portrait I know of in this line is one of John Tyng 
owned by Mr. Charles Tyng's family, said to be Capt. John 
Tyng the Indian fighter. 

My cousin, Mr. C. Rockland Tyng, has handed me these 
quaint rhymes. 

All Elejjy on the death of Col. Jonathan Tyng, who fell down deatl in the Meetin-^ 
House at Wohurn. of which place he was an inhabitant, while the minister was at 

[A very minute and somewhat quaint account of the event having been publish- 
ed in the Boston Gazette printed by G. Kneeland for P. Musgrave, Postmaster, sup- 
posed to have been written by Paul Dudley, Esquire, of Roxbury, who was a near 
relative of the deceased, an officer of the British Army taking up the newspaper at 
the Coffee House wrote the following ti-avestieof tlie account impromptu. 1722.] 

Tune "Old Charing Cross." 

Ve, Col'nels of New England 

Attend the dirge I sing; 

Though Hearts of Flint, you must lament 

The Deatli of Col'nel Tyng. 

Then fare thee well, old C'ol'nel Tyng; 
What fault was in tliee found/ 
For 'tis well known thou'rt dead and gone. 
Though neither hanged nor drowiu'd. 


For tlius we find it penned down 
By Paul of Roxbury, 
By Musgrave too of Boston Town. 
Sure Musgiave would not lie. 

Then fare thee well &c &c. 
To worship would this Cornel go 
Which is with Col'nels rare; 
Nor limbs benumbed nor eke the snow, 
Nor friends would him deter. 

Then fare thee well &e &c. 


Full meekly trudged he through the Gore* 
To L'iiurch. as he was wont; 
His righteous Bowels yearned full sore 
To climb the holy mount. 

Then fare thee well &c &c. 
Thrice he essayed the fatal Hill 
His spirits nothing reek;t 
Thrice didst thou halt. Oh, Colonel; 
Alas the flesh was weak. 

Then fare thee well &c &c. 


Then Godly Brethren lend a shove 
To Christian Born so heavy; 
He into Meetinghouse did move. 
While Priest was at "Peccavi." 
Then fare thee well &c &c. 


Lo in his seat upright he stood 
So dear he loved the boards on't 
There oh! dropt down this Col'nel good; 
He died, and made no words on't. 
Then fare thee well &c &c. 


He prayed hard for an easy death. 
Which Paul doth thus fulfil; 
And shows 'tis easier to descend 
Than to climb up an Hill. 

Then fare thee well &c &c. 

*Gore: Provincial English for mud. 
+An obsolete word for faint or exhausted. 




The Gookins— The Kent 

When at the age of seventeen 1 was told by my good uncle, the 
Rev. James H. Tyng, that I was in my daily walk at Cambridge 
passing the grave of my great-grandmother's great-grandfather 
I felt as if I were reclaiming ancestors at a remarkably rapid 
rate. My juvenile surprise ended in a very pleasurable interest 
when I visited in the old graveyard opposite the College the 
tombs of that venerable worthy Major General Daniel Gookin and 
his son the Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, and I was not slow in search- 
ing the Harvard Library for information concerning these new 
found ancestors. The accompanying chart shows Sarah Kent's 
descent from these early colonists. 

Daniel Gookin came from England with his father, also Dan- 
iel, who was the elder son of Johb Gookin, Lord of Ripple Court, 
County Kent, and brother of Sir 
Vincent Gookin, and of John Gook- 
in who is marked Juris perltt/.s^ 
skilled in the law. Their grandmoth- 
er, Durant, was an heiress. Their 
mother, Katherine Den, was diuigh- 
ter of William Den of Kingston, 
and sprung from a line of gentry 
and nobility extending to the days 
of Edward the Confessor (prior to 
106H), and here is probably aftbrded 
us the longest genealogical vista 
that any descendant of Josei)h At- 
kins can boast.* 

The elder Daniel was in charge 
GOOKIN of a party of fifty emigrants from 

Ireland and reaching Hampton Roads in lt)21 settled upon those 


*She was the twelfth generation from Sir Allured Denne, Knt. Seneschal of the 
Priory of Christ Church, Canterbury, and Escheator of the County of ^<:ent, 19th 
Henry III. 1234; son of William Denne, East Kent, livinj? at time of King John; 
grandson of Ralph de Dene. 20th William the Conqueror. Lord of Buckhurst, Sussex; 
grandson of Robert de Dene who held large estates in Sussex, Kent and Normandy 
in time of Edward the Confessor. 


Virginian shores, holding grants of land at Maries Mount, New- 
port News, Virginia. 

When the Indians massacred many whites in 1622 Mr. Gook- 
in bravely held his settlement against the foe. He held office as 
a burgess from Elizabeth City, but afterwards went back to Ire- 

Daniel, the son, born in Kent, England, the family home, in 
1612, remained at Newport News until 1644,* when, the Indians 
proving troublesome, and he having embraced the puritan doct- 
rines taught by some New England missionaries who visited 
Virginia in 1642, he removed to Massachusetts. The ensuing 
year he became a member of the Artillery Company; was repre- 
sentative from Cambridge in 1649 and 1651; selectman 1660 to 
1672; Speaker of the house 165-; Assistant 1652 to 1686; Super- 
intendent of Indians from 1656 until his death, and he was re- 
puted exceedingly well informed in all matters pertaining to 
the savages. In 1681 he was elected Major General of the Col- 

As these offices show, he was a man of considerable eminence 
in the Massachusetts colony; he was also facile with his pen, 
producing "Historical Collections of the Indians in the Massa- 
chusetts down to 1674," later published by the Mass. Historical 
Society (1792). He was one of the colonists who promoted the 
absconding of Whalley and Goffe, the fugitive regicide judges. 
He was one of the two licensers of the Cambridge printing press 
(1662), and became unpopular for a time during King Philip's 
War by reason of the protection he extended as Magistrate to 
the forlorn Indians. 

His first wife is unknown; in 1639 he married Mary Dollinger 
who was the mother of his children. He married, 3d, Hannah, 
daughter of Hon. Edward Tyng and widow of Habijah Savage. 
She died at the age of 48, the year after his decease. His will 
marks his fondness for her. It is said that he died in such pov- 
erty that a subscription was raised for his widow; another ac- 
count adding that John Eliot, the apostle to the Indians, his 
friend of many years ''solicited from Robert Boyle, the philos- 
opher, a gift of £10 for the widow." However, he thought 

*In his marriage license, 1B39, he is spolien of as of St. Sepulchre's Parish, Loudon, 
and he is supposed to have fought in the Civil War in England between 1637-1642 in 
■which latter year the Va. Land Records call him Captain. 


enough of himself and what and whom he left behind to make a 
will, dated Aug. 13, 1685, in which, after bequests to -'my be- 
loved wife, Hannah," he gives her son and two daughters (by 
her first husband) each a gold ring. 

The inscription on the flat sandstone slab over his remains — 
probably not so old as his interment — read, "Here lyeth interred 
ye body of Major Gen'U Daniel Gookings. Aged 75 years, who 
departed this life ye 19 of March 1686-7." 

Nathaniel Gookin, the fifth son of Gen. Gookin, by Mary, 
was born in Cambridge Oct. 22, 1656, was graduated at Har- 
vard 1675; was Tutor and Resident Fellow; was ordained over 
the First Church in Cambridge Nov. 15th, 1682 and died Aug. 
7, 1692, comparatively young. The Rev. Dr. Holmes in his 
Hist. Cambridge says, "Tradition informs us that he lies inter- 
red in the S. E. corner; brick monument, with stone slab, in- 
scription illegible." When I visited the young pastor's resting 
place. I noticed a shallow excavation in the slab as if a metallic 
plate (lead for inst ince) had once been there, bearing the epi- 
taph, and 1 fancied it melted to missiles for resisting King 
George in 1775.* 

As the father Daniel had married the widow Savage (born 
Tyng), so the godly son Nathaniel — a man without guile, we 
may hope — married the widow's daughter, Hannah Savage, 
who, surviving her husband ten years, died at the early age of 
35 (May 14, 1702). 

Their son Nathaniel Gookin was born 1687, died 1734; was 
graduated at Harvard in 1703, became a minister and settled in 
New Hampshire. 

Their daughter. Hannah Gookin married 1st Vincent Carter, 
and 2d, Richard Kent. Miss Lucy Searle has given an agree- 
able view of this amiable woman, which I append in full here.f 
"Madame Kent was the daughter of the Rev. Nathaniel Gook- 
ins, minister at Cambridge, Mass . and granddaughter to the cel- 
ebrated Major General Dmiel Gookms who is spoken of as 'the con- 
stant, pious and persevering companion of Mr. Eliot, the Indian 

*The Rt'v. Daniel Gookin. was born 1630. died 1718. Grad. Harvard IBM, and Librar- 
ian, Resident Fellow or Tutor. Pastor at Sherburne. He was son of Maj. Gen. D. G. 
A third Nathaniel Gookin, a clergyman, was graduated at Harvard in 1731. 

+The accompanying hellotype of Hannah Gookin, Mrs. Richard Kent, is a repro- 
duction of a protrait in oil kindly loaned for the purpose by Prof. Charles Eliot 
Norton of Cambridge, 



Apostle, in his evangelizing visits to the poor savages.' Her 
father died young, leaving his daughter and one son, afterwards, 
a much esteemed clergyman at Hampton, N. H., to the care of 
a pious mother. She was for some time under the instruction 
and care of the Rev. Mr. Bradstreet, a celebrated pastor of the 
church at Charlestown. She was twice married, first to Mr. 
Vincent Carter, Merchant of Charlestowo; they had three chil- 
dren, two sons and a daughter, all living at the time of her sec- 
ond marriage to Col. Kent, ; by this [second] union her worldly 
condition was improved, and probably her happiness was in- 
creased; they had a son and three daughters of whom Sarah was 
the yt)ungest; and it seems to have been a most excellent and 
well ordered family. Our grandmother [S. K. A.] delighted to 
speak of her mother, whom she never mentioned but with the 
most affectionate respect. Col. Kent had entailed the Kent's 
Island estate; and his wife was unwilling that he should alter by 
a new will this appropriation, which, it has been said, he was at 
one time inclined to do. All his other property, including a 
house situated in Newbury, he left to his daughters, but this 
was not sufficient to render his family quite independent. Be- 
fore the death of Col. Kent, the family had removed from the 
island, and occupied the house named above; here they continu- 
ed after his decease, and Madame Kent opened a shop, a prac- 
tice very common at that time and place, as it was much more 
usual to traflack with the market men by barter and exchange of 
goods than by payment in ready money. The profits of this 
judiciously contlucted establishment, added to her other means, 
enabled her to bring up her children in comfort and respecta- 

This excellent woman possessed a sound understanding and 
great benevolence, and although a most sincere and pious Chris- 
tian, her religion had nothing in it of the austerity and bigotry 
so common at that period; her knowledge of books was probably 
small, for her life had been an active if not a laborious one, yet 
she used on winter evenings to collect her children around her 
and read to them some instructive fiction such as that of Rich- 
ardson, or some work on English History, or the wonders of 
Mather's Magnalia. Her mind and heart were thoroughly im- 
bued with the principles, doctrines and precepts of the best book^ 
and by these she endeavoured to guide and direct her children. 


Although her circumstances durino: a considerable portion of 
her life were somewhat straitened, she was in the constant habit 
of shewing kindness to others, especially by rendering the offices 
of hospitality. 

Madame Kent, as the title always given her implies, was ac- 
counted a gentlewomen by all who knew her, and as the daugh- 
ter of a clergyman may be considered as belonging to the best 
class of people in those primitive and frugal times. One of the 
children of her first marriage acquired a considerable fortune by 
his own exertions, and all maintained a respectable standing.''* 

*Her descendants, Mr. Chas. Eliot Norton and his sister. Miss Grace Norton, have 
a large three-quarters length portrait of Madam Kent, and I know of a second. 


Arnoldus Gokin 

de Com. Cantii, 

(temp. Henrici VII.) 

Tho. Gokin= fllia et haeres de Duram 
de Bekesborne in Com. Cantii. Ob. 1599. 

Johannes Gokin=Katherina fllia G. mi. Den 
de Ripplecourt in Com. Cantii. I de Kingstone.* 

ill I 

Vincent. Thomas. Daniel G. John. 

fllius tertius, Juris peritus 

diixit Mariam filiam 
Rici Birde, Sacrae 
Theolog., Co. Essex. 

Daniel Gookin. i 1. 

(ob 1686-7.) „ J 2. Mary Dollingev. 

(Sarah Kent's ] 3. Hannah Tyug. 

greatgrandfather. I widow Savage. 

By I Mary 

Nathaniel,=Hannah Savage. (See Tyng Chart.) 
b. 16.56. ' 

d. 1692. 

d. 1702. tet. 35. 


1. Vincent Carter. 

2. Richard Kent. 

By I R. K. 
Sarah Kent, 
Who married Dudley Atkins. 

Note. Tlie above pedigree to and including the flrsl Daniel i'^ 
Iruin i'.ciT.v "s Kent Genealogies. 

■Sec ad.jctiuing page for interesting antiquity of the Dens or Denes. 




The Kents were an honorable and prosperous family, well 
esteemed in Newbury, though, to my fancy, far less picturesque 
than the Gookins whose alliance with them gave us our Sarah 
Kent. Their coat of arms (Miss Emery's Rem. Non. ),' "aro-ent, 
leopard's head or; three mullets vert, two and one counter- 
changed; crest — griffin's head or," if correct, suggests an or- 
igin in Yorkshire or Scotland.* In 1634 Richard and Stephen 
Kent embarked on the ship "Mary and John" of London and 
came to New England with their wives and children. Richard, 
who was a maltster, an extensive holder of lands, and a select- 
man, in Newbury, had sons Richard, James and John. This 
Captain John Kent, a mariner, joined in 1083 in having New- 
bury made a port of entry, and was in command of the brig 
Merrimack which in 1689 was captured by pirates on the Mas- 
sachusetts coast. The family speedily acquired a valuable estate 
near Newbury, known as Kent's Island and still held in the 
male line.f 


* Although the leopard's head is given 
as the Kent arms, a certain piece of silver 
owned by Miss Mary Kussell (Jurson bears 
a lion passant gardant as crest, and in 
the field above ermine, below another lion 
passant gardant. This silver is marked 
S. K. 1752. 

■y Though the name appears in the Har- 
vard catalogue in the 17th and 18th cen- 
turie.s, I recognize none as closely related 
to Sarah Kent. 

Description of Kent Arms. 
Kent (of Berks, York, Gloucester, War- 
wick, Lincoln, Wilts,). Azure, a lion passant 
gardant or a chief ermine. Crest, lion's 
head erased erminois, lined and ringed 
azure; also. Crest, lion's head erased, or, 
collared and armed sable. But in above 
the Crest is, a lion passant gardant. 


James, born in England, died in 1681 leavinof one son, John, 
inheritor of the demesne, who married Mary Hobbs in 1665. 
John's will (L712) indicates a man of considerable property,* and 
names Richard (Sarah's father) as his chief heir, specifying 
"•eight score acres of land upon said island," the gift of John's 
issueless uncle Richard, and "the other half of sd. Island both 
meadow and upland,*' besides houses, orchards, and small cash 
legacies to the daughters. f Col. Richard Kent alone interests 
us. He married, first, Mrs. Sarah Greenleaf; second, Mrs. 
Hannah Gookin Carter (widow) as before stated. Miss Emery 
calls him "a prominent and influential man in the town,'' while 
his epitaph names him "Colonel of the Second Regiment in the 
County of Essex." He died in IT-tO, aged 68 years. He ap- 
pears to have borne his share in the municipal and ecclesiastical 
afiairs of his time and was representative to the General Court 
at Boston; personally, he has been described as a rather austere 
man. His entail, before mentioned, which apparently also en- 
tailed a slender purse upon his w^orthy widow and their admir- 
able daughter, met the fate which it deserved two generations 
later. His son Richard (Sarah Greenleafs, I understand) was 
the father of twin boys, and as the nurse w^as unable to tell 
which was the elder much litigation subsequently arose, and ul- 
timately (1784) the legislature of Mass. was obliged to interfere, 
and, reasonably enough, the entail was ruptured and the estate 
divided between the geminal contestants and a third son — a knot 
for a novelist in this. Of this thrifty, intelligent and well- 
respected stock came our much revered Sarah, wife of the first 
Dudley Atkins. 

*"Apiil 24tli, 17U. John Kent of the Island had his barn burnt by tabacko with 
six oxen and four calves and a goose, that was bringing young ones."— Sewall's 

tThey had a bad way of leaving tlieir daughters next to notliing. 


Richard Kknt. 
b. Enjjland. d. 1654. 


t). England. 
d. 1689. m. 
1st Jane — . 
m. 2d Joanna 
( No issue. ) 

b. Enji-land. 
d. 1681. 

b. Newbury, 


will dated 1712, 
m. Mary HoV)bs. 

Col. Richard Kent, 
d. May 8, 1740. Age. 
68 years, m. Ist 
Sarah Greenleaf, m. 
2d Hannah Gookin 
Carter, dan. Rev. 
Nathaniel Gookin. 




By S. G. I By H. G. C. 



I ^" I 

.Joseph. Stephen. 

Twins, b. 1741. 

(Son. Dan. Dau.) 


b. 1729. 

d. Oct. 16. 1810. 
m. 1752. 




Hiirs "Old DuiistaDU'." 

Harvjird Rotiistcr. 

Haivard (^uiiuiiH'iiiiial Catalogue. 

Histoiv of Nculmivport. lS4r). t'ottiii. 

HistotV of N«-\vt)uivport. 1S,34. E. Vale 

ReiinriisceticeN of a Noiia-etiariaii. 1879. 


Hist. Xewhuivpoit. Caloh Ciisliiiij:. 

History of Essex Co.. Mass.. ISSS. Ed. by H. 

Mass. Hist. Soc. Conectioiis. 

N. E. Hist, and (Jeiieal. Uetrister. 

Hist. Coll. Essex liistitiUe. 

E.ssex Coiiiitv Hi'cords. Saleiri. Mass. 

Records of Coimrioii weallli of State 
House. Boston. 

Samuel Eliot, isiiit. I.y Mrs. .\mia E, Tirk- 

Mi.SL-. Writings of Cliarles Eliot. 1814. 

Andrew Elliot, of Ueverlev. Mass.. and 
his DfM-eiMlants. 

Appletons Cyclopedia. 

Appleton> Hioiiraphical l)ictionar\ . 

Re-ordof a Life of .Mer<-y. S. 11. Tyn-. !». 
1).. 187H. 

Life of Stephen Hi'ry:insoii Tyni;. C. K. 
Tynj;. 181)0. 

The Child of I'rayer (Dudley A. Tyn-i. 
18.18. S. li. Tynsi. i). I). 

Naval .Menioiis. .\. Hurchett. 1703, Enj:. 

Naval History. •■ •• 1720. Enj:. 

Cass' South >ilninis. Middlesex. Enjrl. 

Cases Artrued and determined in the Su- 
preme . Indicia! Couit of the Common- 
wealth of Massaclinsetts 180.-1-1822. V. 2 
-l(i. Dudhv Atkins Tyng. 

Extracts from 1li<- Records of the Corpor- 
ation of Sandwich, Ent;!.. bv William 
Bov's. An1i(nniriaii Repertory. 1807-1809. 

Note's and Que lies. 

Uiary of .ludjre Samuel Sewall. 

Giles' Memorials. 

Sketches of Southiiiirton, Conn.. Timlow. 

Annals of Warren, Maine: Eaton. 

Hi.storv of Cape Cod: Freeman. 

Handbook of American (Jenealosy: Whit- 

Johnson's Eni-yclopedia. 

Library of Fniversal Knowledge. Alden. 

Hkstorv of (aoncesH'ishire. Engl. 

Harris" Epitaphs. Caml)ridge (iraveyards. 

Rev. Itr, llolm.s- History of Cambridge. 

Cotton Matlier's Magnalia. 

Dictionarv of tlie Landed (Jent ry of (Weat 
Britain,' Uuike, 

Sibley's Harvard (Jraduates. 

Berry's Kent (Jenealogies. Eng. 

The ' Sutton Dudleys and Dudleys of 
America. Adlard, 

History of tlie Dudley Family. Dean Dud- 
ley. 1888-1891, 

Genealogii-al Dictionary. Savage. 

Winsor's Narrative and Critical History 
of America. 1888. 

Hist. Mass. Hutchinson. 

Park I 


's Montcalm and Wolfe. 

it Centennial Dummei' .Xcademy, 

■hemiah Cleveland. 

R. Smith. 

Wotton's Englisli Baronetage. Eng. 

Clergy List of England. 1887. 

Hall Marks on Plate. 187,-). Chatfers. Eng. 

BloniHeld's --Norfolk. " Eng. . 

Fairburn's Crests of (ireat Bi-itain and 

Encvi-lopedia Britanni(-a. 
llotten's Topography and Family Hi.story 

of EnuMand. 
New ^•ol■k(ienealogical Record. 
Walford's County Families. Eng. 
Marsliall's (ienealogist's Guide. 
Manning and Bray's Surrey, Eng. 
Rev, .lohn Harris D. Ds. Work on Kent, 

1719. Eng, 
The Counc-il Book of the Corporation of 

C(jrk. 1(309-1643. 1690-1800. Ere. Kd. by Rich- 
ard Caulfield. 
Account of Weald of Kent. Dearn. 1814, 

Hist, Walcott. Conn.: Or-cutt. 
Berrv's lleraldi.- Encyclopedia. Eng. 
Le Neve's Kniglits. llarleian .Society's 

l'ul)lications. Eng. 
Bigland and Fosbrooke's Gloucestershire, 

Camplwll's Lives of the Chief .Justices, 

llasted's Kent, Eng. 
Clutterbuck's Hertford. Eng. 
A Perambulation of Kent. 1570. by William 

Lambarde. Eng. 
Hus.sey's Churches of Kent. Sussex, and 

Surrey. 18->2, Eng. 
Beauties of England and Wales, Evans 

and Britton, 1810. 
Wm. Boys' Hi.story of Sandwich. Eng., 

Dictionary of National Biography. Eng, 

Leslie Stephen. Ed. 
General List ( )fH(-ers. Great Britain, 1700- 

1727. .lohn and Edward Chaniberlayne. 
.\ Heliotype of Washington's Autograph 

Address. Newburg. 1783, and Letters of 

.Judge Dudley A. Tyng, etc. Mass. Hist. 

Soc. 1883. 
Memoir of Mrs. Sarah Kent Atkins, by 

Miss Lucy Searle, MS. 
English Surnames. 1875, M. A. Lower. 
Longman's Magazine. 
Sandwich, a Descriptive and Hkstorical 

Sketch, G. B. Grittin. Sandwich. Eng- 
land. 1890. 
Hampshire Visitation, Sir T. Phillip.s. 
Westcote's Devonshire. 
Berry's Sussex (Jenealogies. 
Berry's llampshiii- Genealogies. 
History of Watertown. Mass. 
Charles Herl)ert's .Journal of the Voyage 

of the Dalton. 
Felt's Life of Francis Higginson, ^52. 
Francis Higginson. 1891. by T. W. Higgin- Fnited States. Bancroft 

Many of these works were in many volumed editions; not merely the encycloped- 
ias. bu"t works like Hasted's Ivent and Boys' Sandwich were often in from four to a 

dozen volumes, and nearly every book named in this list (besides many others of 
which I retained no record) I searched in person; probably not 
examined by other persons in my behalf 
d( ■ 

half dozen were 

Most of tlie older 'works were destitute of indexes and had to be gone over page 
by page. 


[The following clever verses will be relished by none more, perhaps, than by 
those whom they concern.— Editors Evening Post.] 

Tyng-a-1 ing'ting:. 

For the Evening Post:— 

"Oh say! Brother Stubbs, have you heard how they talk 

Of this horrid Low Churchman who's coming from "York,' 

And who vows that, next Sunday, he'll preach without gown. 

In the Methodist meeting-house here in our town? 

Why, it's all in the papers, and men, as they run. 

Can read of the deed that will shortly be done; 

It will empty our churches, for most of our sheep 

Will take the occasion to listen and peep; 

And for many a day will our parishes ring 

With the tiresome jingle of Tyng-a-ling-ting." 
'■Oh what's to be done? can't this outrage be stopped? 

Can't our tottering pulpits, in some way, be propped? 

Let's run to our Bishop, and tell him the news: 

His Reverence, doubtless, will shake in his shoes. 

When he hears that without, nay against, our consent, 

A son of the Church has declared his intent 

To follow, so blindly, his iuast»-i"s connnand. 

And to sow his good seed on aiiotlici' man's land. 

Come on. let us hurry to settk' this thing. 

By stifling the chorus of Tyng-a-ling-ting!" 

So. straight to their Bishop a journey they make. 

And at the sad news makes him quiver and quake; 

But his courage revives as their tale they unfold; 

And he says, with an accent decided and bold, 
'•Dear friends, there's a canon long buried in dust. 

And terribly choked up with ashes and rust; 

But we'll oil it. and give it some wipes and some rubs. 

And we'll load it with cliarges of Boggs and of Stubbs, 

And then, as a pa-an of triumph we sing. 

We'll fire it otf with a Tyng-a-ling-ting." 


So the Bishop he delves, and the Bishop he grubs. 
And. by dint of assistance from Boggs and from Stubbs, 
The canon is dug from the rubbish which chokes 
Its ugly old muzzle; and loud are the jokes 
Which its obsolete pattern and strait narrow bore 
Excite in the crowd who are waiting its roar; 
And then thev compel our good Bishop of "York" 
To liear all the grievance, and stand all the talk; 
And by night and by day dreaiv changes thev ring. 
As thev chime their sad'antlu'in of Tyng-a-ling-ting. 

And then to St. Peter's, to open the court. 
The judges and jury and counsel resort; 
And good Christian people with wide-open ears. 
Are waiting to hear a priest tried by his peers. 
And thev call u|) the case, and the lawyers begin 
To indulge in theii- usual professional din. 
And by bitter invective and quibble and sneer 
To show what a mass of corruption is here; 
And really 'tis shocking! what charges they bring. 
As they peal the loud slogan of Tyng-a-ling-ting. 


Ah me! 'tis a sight at which angels might weep! 
'Tis a harvest of tares for our churches to reap: 
Sweet Cliarity's presence has tied from the scene. 
And good men lose temper and level in spleen; 
And the I)()ul)teis and ScotVeis. who relish such suits. 
Cry "Lo, tlies»' aie Chiistians: come, judge of their fruits!" 
And the <'anon has burst, and with dissonance loud. 
Has deafened tlie ears of the wondering crowd. 
And the pall of its smoke like a garment doth cling 
To the walls that still echo with Tyng-a-ling-ting. 

VII. • 

Oh! servants of Him whose sole mission was Love, 
Dove still bear as emblems the Lamb and the Dove? 
When you read from your desks the sweet re<-ords that tell 
How he prea<-lied in t^ie Temple and taught at the well. 
Do the sapient eyes of your wisdom detect 
That He bounded vour dutiivs by parish or sect? 
Oh! bid these small envies and .lealousies cease, 
.Join all in one brotherly anthem of peace; 
And when voui' glad voices in harmony ring, 
Thev'U dniwn tlie harsh discord of Tyng-a-ling-ting. 
Flusliing Hav. Kebruarv 21. ISfiH. P. R. S. 



MAY 87