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j lO ' e . /<o , 



COLLECTIONS, 

ILLUSTBATING THE 
IN THB COUNTIKS OF 

CORNWALL, DEVON, DORSET, SOMERSET, WILTS, 
AND GLOUCESTER. 



IN TWO PABTS, 
HISTORICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL. 

WITH NOTICB8 OV THB 

$0mmitan, §m)Mtthu, H itrnditm iBxtim is ^ngM. 

BT THE 

Vbkt Bbv. GEORGE OLIVER, D.D. 

CANOa or THB DIOOKBS OF PLTMODTR. 



LONDON: "Cj: 

CHAELE8 DOLMAN. 61, NEW BOND STEEET; 

AND 93, PATERNOSTBR ROW. 
1857. 



CONTENTS. 



PART I. 



CHAPTER I. 

HISTORICAL SKETCH OV VHB STATE OF CATHOLICITY IN DBYON- 
8UIRB AND CORNWALL VBOM THE REFORMATION (sO CALLED) 
UNTIL TOE RELAXATION OF THE PENAL LAWS Poge 1 

CHAPTER II. 

SOME NOTICES OF CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN DEVONSHIRE AND 

CORNWALL 16 

CHAPTER III. 

THE ACTUAL STATE OF RELIGION IN DEVONSHIRE AND CORNWALL 24 

CHAPTER IV. 

THE SUFFERERS FOR THE FAITH IN D0R8ETSHIBX 35 

CHAPTER V. 

THE ACTUAL STATE OF RELIGION IN DORSETSHlEB 40 

CHAPTER VI. 

SOME ACCOUNT OF THE PRINCIPAL CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN 

DORSETSHIRE 46 

CHAPTER VII. 

THE MISSIONS OF SOMERSETSHIRE 65 

CHAPTER VIII. 

SOME ACCOUNT OF CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN SOMBRSBTSHTRE 68 

CHAPTER IX. 

THE MISSIONS IN WILTSHIRE ....^ 72 

CHAPTER X. 

AN ACCOUNT OF THE CATHOLIC FAMlLlEb IN WILTi>UIRE 75 



VI CONTENTS. 

CHAFfER XI. 

THB SUFFERERS FOR THE FAITH IN GLOUCKBTBRSHIRE ... Pltge 101 

CHAPTER XII. 

REVIEW OF THB MISSIONS IE OLOUCESTBRSIIIRE 108 

CHAPTER XIII. 

CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN QLOUCBSTBRSHXRE 124 

CHAPTER XIV. 

HISTORICAL REPORT OF ALL THE EELIOIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS 
IN THESE SIX WESTERN COUNTIES SINCE THB FRENCH REVO- 
LUTION 129 

CHAPTER XV. 

REPORT TO GOVERNMENT OF THB CATHOLIC PROPERTY, IN 1716 

AND 1718^ IN THESB SIX WESTERN COUNTIES 169 

CHAPTER XVI. 

TABLES OF SUCCESSION OF THE INCUMBENTS OF THE PRINCIPAL 

MISSIONS IN THE COUNTIES AFORESAID 177 

APPENDIX 197 



PART II. 

BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLERGT IN THE COUNTIES OF CORN- 
WALL, DEVONSHIRE, DORSETSHIRE, SOMERSETSHIRE, WILT- 
SHIRE, AND GLOUCESTERSHIRE, FROM THE PERIOD OF THE 
REFORMATION UNTIL THE PRBSENT TEAR 1856 225 



COLLECTIONS ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE DOMINICAN, BENE- 
DICTINE, AND FRANCISOAN ORDERS IN ENGLAND. 

A HANDFUL OF GLEANINGS RESPECTING THE ENGLISH DOMINICAN 

PROVINCE 447 

COLLECTIONS ILLUSTRATING THE HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH 

BENEDICTINE CONGREGATION 472 

BRIEF NOTICES OF SOME WRITERS OF THE ENGLISH FRANCISCAN 

PROVINCE SINCE THE ERA OF THE REFORMATION 538 



INDEX. 



PAGB 

Adstdck 73 

Aliieldy Rev. Thomas, mar- 
tyred at Tybnm 103 

ArundelL of Lanherne, family 
of 16 

> » of Wardour, family 
of 75 

Axminster 26 

Bastard, £dmund, R. P., of 

Kitley, Esq 28 

Bath 65 

Beckford , 115 

Berkley, of Beverston 127 

Bodmin 32 

Bonham 60 

Bristol 108 

Bridgewater 65 

Bridport 45 

Bullaker, Thomas, O.S.F. mar- 
tyred at Tyburn 11 

Calyerleigh 27 

Camborne 32 

Cannington 60 

Gary, family of 20 

Castlehaven (Touchet), family 

of 68 

Cheltenham 119 

Chichester, of Arlington, &mily 

of 19 

Chidiock Castle 37 

Chapel 41 

Chippine Sodbury 120 

Chippenham 74 

Cirencester 122 

Clifford, family of 22 

Coffin, Mr. Hamphrey, of 

Wambrook 39,53 

Cornelias, F. John, S. J., mar- 
tyred at Dorchester 37 

Cottington, family of 70 

Courtenay, family of 17 

Dowdall, James, executed at 
Exeter, for denying the royal 
supremacy 2 



PAOB 

Downside ^ 62 

■ relics there 71 

Exeter ! 25 

— , chapel there levelled to • 
the ground at the Revolu- 
tion 14 

Falmouth 30 

FoUaton 27 

Frome 66 

Gloucester 117 

Godolphin, family of 21 

Green, Rev. Hugh, martyred 
at Dorchester ^ 39 

Hall, family of 125 

Hartpury 117 

Hatherop 117 

Havman, Father, S. J 33 

Holford, Rev. Thomas, mar- 
tyred at Clerkenwell 103 

Horton 115 

Hunter, John 10 

Hussey, family of 53 

Jessop, Mr. John 36 

Kemerton 120 

Laithwaite, Thomas, S. J 4 

Lampley, William, martyred 

at Gloucester 103 

Lanheme 29 

Leigh, William, of Wood- 

chester. Esq 121,127 

Leighland 62 

Lingard, Mrs 33 

Loughnan, family of 15 

Lullworth 40 

Lyme 44 

Mamhull 41 

Mayne, Cuthbert, martyred at 

Launceston 2 

Midford Castle 65 

Nympsfield 122 



VUl 



INBEX. 



,% - PAGE 

Paston, family of 125 

Penzance 31 

Petre, family of [,„ 197 

Pilchard, Rev. Thomas, mar- 
tyred at Dorchester 36 

Plymouth 26 

Pollen, John Hungerford, Esq! 74 

Poole 42 

Prior Park , .' 62 

Pybush, Rev. John, martyred 
at London 105 

Reeve, alia$ Payne, John, mai^ 

-^ tyred at Chelmsford 3 

Kisdon, of Bableigh, family of 20 
Rowe, John, of Kingston, high 

sheriff of Devon in 1687 14 

Rowsham, Rev. Stephen, mar- 

t>Ted at Gloucester 103 

Salisbury 73 

Sandys, Rev. John, martyred 

at Gloucester loi 

Shepton Mallett 60 

Shortwood , , 61 

Spetisbunr *' 42 

Stanley, Sir William, of Hooton 15 

Stapemll 41 

Stocker, family of 71 

Stourton, family of 92 

Stroud 123 



Sweet, John, S.J 6 

Talbot, Hon. and Rev. James 15 

Taunton 61 

Tawstock 27 

Teignmouth " 29 

Tiverton 27 

Tor Abbey 24 

Tregian, Sir Francis .[ 9 

Trelawny, Sir Henry 32 

Tremayne, Richard 9 

Trinder, family of 127 

Ugbrooke 25 

Wakeman, family of 124 

Wakeman, Sir George, Bart., 

tried during the Gates plot 105 

Wald^grave, family of 69 

Wardour 73 

Webb, family of 52 

Webb, Rev. James 15 

Weld, family of 47 

Weston-super-Mare 66 

Weymouth 42 

Woodchester 121 

Woodbury, prisoners mas- 
sacred there in 1549 1 

Wrey, Sir Bourchier 28 

Yealmpton 28 



CORRIGENDA. 



Page 5, line 8, for 
14, line 22, far 



'Kele" read 
Morris" read 



Hele." 
Norria." 



. 6^ » IS, for "Pyhouae" read "IVthouse." 
, 75, „ 7 of note * ineert a comnm after "heiress." 
114, „ 16, for "Montier" read "Moutier." 
160, „ 5 from bottom, for "Beaureaund" read « Beauregard." 
188, „ 18, for "Ninton" read "Hinton." 
. 185, „ 26. for "Hatton" read "Haldon." 
211, „ 9 from bottom, for "Carpenter" read "Carpne." 
255, note f D. Hasenbeth was never missionary of St. Augustine's, 
Canterbury, but of St. Walstan'a, Coasey. A period 
should follow Xavier. 
888, line 7, for "Stonyhurst" read "Stonehouse." 
848, „ 83, /or "dedannUs** read "deolarantes" without a stop. 
— , „ 6 from bottom, for '* Culler" read " CuUon." 
888, „ 5 from bottom, for "vioereflal" read "▼ioarial." 
892, „ 8, and in the epitaph, for " Westman " read " Weetman." 
576, lines 8 and 7, for " eight " read " nme." The ninth is F, Tkonuu 
BMdber. 



m 



« 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS, 

CHAPTER I. 
*^ Oraia Deopieiaiy kaminuM memmiise honorum,*' 

HtSTOBICAL SKBTCH OF THB STATB OF CATHOLICITY IN DBTOXSfllRE 
AND CORNWALL FROX TBB BBFORMATION (sO CALLED) UNTIL THB 
BBLAXATION OP THB PBNAIi LAWS. 

The state of the Catholic religion in these two counties of 
Devon and Cornwall, alias the diocese of Exeter, conveys a 
melttBcholy proof of the instability of the human mind. No 
portion of the English realm could be more devoted to the 
ancient fiiith ; and the formidable insurrections which blazed 
forth in the reign of King Edward VI. demonstrate the 
hostility of the population to the innovations in religion 
which the State was forcing upon them. But the savage 
and brutal massacre of all the prisoners at Woodbury, as 
ordered by John Lord Russell in 1549, — ''the putting of the 
whole country " (in the words of Hoker, an eye-witness) ''to 
the SDoil, where every soldier sought for his best profit,'' — 
the oloody laws enacted shortly after against the very 
profession of the religion of their forefathers, and which 
were strictly enforced against individuals of influence and 
property, — ^the intermarriages of Catholics and Protestants 
under such circumstances, reminding us of the text, " Com- 
^toixti sunt inter gentes, et didicerunt opera ejus, et servie- 
runt sculptilibus eorum, et factum est illis in scandalum '' 
^s. cv.) ; according to the Anglican version, " They were 
mingled among the heathen, and learned their works, and 
they served their idols, which were a snare unto them'' 
(Psalm cv.-cvi. 35), — and last, not least, the doctrines of the 
Reformation, so very accommodating to the feelings of flesh 
and blood, and so flattering to the pride of the human 
heart, — all these causes and motives concurred to terrify 
some and decoy others into the gradual indilBference and 



• 



2 STATE OF CATHOLICITY 

Abandonment of thdr religioas principles. Still it is some 
consolation to know that neither county was stained with 
the effusion of much human blood in virtue of the penal 
statutes. The first victim was that proto-martyr of Donay 
College, the Bev. Cuthberi Mayne, who was taken at Gk)lden, 
the seat of Sir Francis Tregian, Knight, in Probns parish, 
Cornwall, about 8th June, 1577, and hanged, drawn, and 
quartered at Launceston, on 29th November of that year. The 
account of his martyrdom was sent to F. Edmund Campion, 
then at Prague, by the famous Dr. Gregory Martin. The 
former, in his reply, on 17th July, 1679, thus speaks of his 
former pupil : " Valde te amo de martyrio Cutberti, vel 
junamus potius; multis enim ilia narratio divinam attulit 
voluptatem. Me miserum, quem ille novitius tam long^ a 
tergo reliquerit I ! Sit propitius amico veteri et prseceptori : 
horum enim nominum glenoid perfruar nunc ambitiosius 
quam antea.'' For the ideal offence of being a Catholic 
priest found in England, F. Mayne suffers the death of a 
traitor ! and his patron. Sir Francis Tregian, for harbouring 
a minister of the religion in which he had been bred, — ^the 
religion of his ancestors, — ^the religion of Queen Elizabeih 
herself btU twenty-one years before, — by a sentence of 
prsemunire is stripped of all his property, and condemned to 
perpetual imprisonment I * Well may Davies Gilbert, in his 
'^ Parochial History of Cornwall," vol. iii. p. 370, ezclum, — 

**01i! dearest God, forfend 
Such timed should e'er return.'' 

The skull of this blessed martyr is religiously kept at 
Lanheme.f 

The only victim I have met with in Devonshire was Mr. 
James Doudal, an Irish merchant, and a native of Wexford. 
For denying the queen's spiritual supremacy, he was thrown 
into Exeter jail. When I examined the calendars of the 
prisoners in September, 1824, I found this minute at the 
autumn assizes of 1598: — '^ Jacobus Dowdall remanet in 
gaola per mandatum Concilii Privati.'' At the following 
Lent assizes he is thus noticed : — " Jacobus Dowdall remanet 
quia judicandus pro proditione/' At the autumn assizes »> 

* When he heard his sentence, he exclaimed, ** Pereant bona, qus 
ri non periiasent, fortassis dominum sunm perdidissent." — Com. a 
Lapide, Bel. x. 

t Strype, Annals, vol. ii., says that Richard Tremayne, gent., 
aged 30; Thomas Harrys, a schoolmaster, aged 45; John Kemp, 
gent., 40; John Williams, A.M., 35, all of Cornwall, were also com- 
xnitted to jail in 1570, wiUi Henry Benfeld, gent., 40, and John Hody. 



IN BKYONSHIRB AND CORNWALL. 3 

" Jacobus Dowdall suspendatar^ &c., pro proditione.*^ His. 
execution took place on 13th August^ 1598, according to 
John Mullan^s ''Idea Togatse Constantiae/' an octavo 
▼olume printed at Paris in 1629. 

In the Life of F. Charles Spinola (printed at Antwerp, 
12mo., 1630), who was burnt for the faith in Japan, 
2nd September, 1622, is an interesting letter which he 
addressed to F. Claudius Aquaviva, fifth general of S.J., in 
which he relates his capture at sea by an English vessel, and 
his being brought into Atapson, or Topsham, 6th November, 
1597. There he continued for several days; but was not 
permitted to extend his excursions beyond one mile from 
the place. Some, professing themselves Catholics, presented 
him with money ; others invited him to their houses. Seve- 
ral ladies of the first quality remained steadfast in the old 
faith, and many of the gentry continued their inward 
attachment to Catholic doctrines, but durst not avow their 
real sentiments; and not a few, he observes, succeeded in 
purchasing letters of dispensation from attending the Pro- 
testant worship. 

'The fiuthful Dr. Challoner, in his narrative of the Bev. John 
Reeve, alias Paine, who, after being cruelly tortured in the 
Tower (see Bishton's Diary), suffered for the faith at 
Chelmsford, in Essex, on 2nd April, 1582, was unacquainted 
with the following antecedents of his biography. He was a 
Master of Arts at Oxford, and a Marian priest, and was 
instituted by Dr. James Turbervillc, the last Catholic bishop 
of Exeter, on 15th July, 1558, to the vicarage of Altemon, in 
Cornwall, void by the death of Lawrence Blackley, on the 
presentation of the Exeter dean and chapter. After the 
exclusion of Bishop Turberville by Queen Elizabeth, and the 
substitution of Dr. William Alley in his see, the Bev. John 
Paine was deprived of his vicarage of Altemon, and on 
23rd April, 1563, Edward Biley, S.T.P., was collated to it. 
These &cts I glean from the episcopal, registers. The 
gected vicar retired to the continent, and after a residence 
at Pouay for some time, was sent to the English mission, 
and became chaplain to Lady Petre, in Essex, whose family * 
bad considerable property in the diocese of Exeter. Pro- 
bably his zeal for souls might have induced him to come 
down to visit his former fnends in these parts, where he 
was apprehended. I subjoin from the Act-Book of John 
Woolton, then Protestant bishop of Exeter, the following 
" Certificate against John Reeve, alias Payne, a recusant** 

• ♦See Appendix No. I. 

B 2 



4 STATE OF CATHOLTCITT 

''Bxcellentissime et iUttatriasiine in Xto Principi Eliza- 
bethe, Dei graci& Anglie^ Francie, et Hibemie Regine, 
Fidel Defensori, &c. Yester humilis et devotus Johannes^ 
permissione divinA Exon Episoopus^ reverenciam et obedi- 
enciam ac salutem in Eo^ per quern reges regnant et principes 
dominantur. Coram vobia in corift yestrft yocatft ' The 
King's Benche ' certificamuB^ quod nos Johannes episcopus 
antedictus, xxiv^ die mensis Martii, anno regni yestri xxii. 
"(1580), in domo mansionali mei dicti episcopi, Anglice 
yocatd ^The BUhopp of Excetter his Pallace/ infra clau- 
sum ciyitatis Exon scituatA, yigore et auctoritate cujusdam 
ActAs Parliamenti ad Parliamentum tentum apud Westmo- 
nasterium in com. Middlesex^ xii"" die Januarii, anno regni 
yestri quinto editi et proyisi, intitulati, ' An Act far the 
Assurance of the Queenes Majesties royall Power over all 
Estates and Subjects within her Highnes Dominions/ obtu- 
limus et ministrayimus Johanni Reve, alias Payne, clerieo, 
olim alme Uniyersitatis Oxon Artium Magistro^ persone 
ecclesiastice in sacris ordinibus constitute^ tunc et ibidem 
coram nobis personaliter comparenti^ et infra nostram dioce- 
sim adtunc et ibidem existenti^ proposito et aperte^ coram 
eodem Johanne Reve, alias Payne, libro continente sacrosancta 
Dei eyangelia^ sacramentam expresse appunctuatum et con- 
tentum in et per Actum Parliamenti anno regni yestri 
primo editum, et intitulatum, 'An Acte restoringe to the 
Crowne the auncient Jurisdiction over the State EccksiasticaU 
and Spiritual!, and abollishing all forraine Power repugnant 
to the same :' antedictus tamen Johannes Reve, alias Payne, 
sacramentum predictum modo, formft^ tempore et loco pre- 
dictis sic per nos, ut prefertur, eidem Johanni oblatum et 
ministratum tunc et ibidem^ recipere^ prestare aut pronun- 
tiare peremptory et obstinati tunc et ibidem recusavit, contra 
formam et effectum statuti predicti in hujusmodi casu editi 
et proyisi. In quorum omnium et singulorum premissorum 
fidem et testimonium hiis litteris nostris certificatoriis sigil- 
lum nostrum episcopale apponi fecimus. Datum in palatio 
nostro Exon^ xix. die Aprilis, anno Dni 1581^ et ng^tre 
oonsecrationis anno secundo/' ^ 

In the 9th book of F. Hertry More's History of the 
English Proy. of S. J.^ we read that the Rey. Thomas Laiih- 
waite, who passed by the name of Scott, after completing 
his higher studies at Seyille^ and receiying holy orders^ 

• In his Act-Book, 3rd September, 1693, he acknowledgee the receipt 
of the order of the Privy Council of 26th August to make diligent 
inquiry of all wiyes, servants, and others, recusants in his diocese. 
Obiit 13 Martii proximo sequentis. 



IN DEV0N8HIRB AND CORNWALL. 6 

embarked at St. Lacar for England. Landing at Plymouth^ 
he was apprehended there on suspicion of being a priest, and 
carried before Sir Warwick Kele, Knight, a justice of the 
peace, who tendered to him the oath of supremacy. On his 
refusal to take it, he was rigorously searched to the very 
skin: some Agnus' Dei and memorandums, and a sum of 
twenty marks were found about his person. The money 
Sir Warwick ordered to be restored to him, and took his 
prisoner to his country house at Wembury. For two days 
he was treated with humanity ; but finding that he could not 
be persuaded to attend the Protestant church. Sir Warwick 
made out his commitment to the county jail of Exeter, — a 
notorious sink of vice, and misery, and pestilence. At the 
expiration of three months, the assizes came on, and the 
Rev. Father was sentenced to death, on the evidence of a 
man who swore that he had seen him celebrate mass at 
St. Lucar. A younger brother, Edward, a bigoted Protestant, 
on hearing of his imprisonment and condemnation, hastened 
down from Lancashire to convert him: the authorities 
aUowed him free access for the purpose ; but at the end of 
eight days' discussion he himself admitted the truth of the 
Catholic faith, and was reconciled to the Church of God at 
Christmas, 1604. In the sequel he entered into the ecclesi- 
astical state, and after labouring in the Devonshire mission 
with indefatigable zeal, died S^th June, 1643, aged sixty. 
As for T^hamas, after six months' imprisonment, his sentence 
of death was commuted for exile ; but he contrived to return 
to England for the conversion of souls, and died quietly in 
his native country on 10th June, 1655, aged 75. 

In Walter Yonge's Diary,* from 1604 to 1628, and in 
page 83, we read " that in June, 1625, a priest, being taken at 
Mass in Mr. GifTord's house, near Southgate, in Exon, was 
committed to prison, and very shortly after (upon special 
command) delivered.'' 

The discovery of another priest, F. John Sweet, on 14th 
November, 1621, in the house of Mr. Alexander Snelgrove, 
of St, Lawrence's pariah, Exeter (who had married Alice 
Risdon in May, 1606, as the parish register testifies), had 
excited much more the public attention. F. Sweet was a 
native of Devon, and a Jesuit. After supplying for some 
time as penitentiary at Rome, he was ordered to the English 
mission, where, according to F. Nathaniel Southwell (Bibli- 
otheca Scriptorum S.J., p. 507), '^utilis evasit operarius, et 
mnltomm in Christo fihorum parens." He had reached 

* Pabliahed by the Camden Society. 



6 8TATB OF CATHOLICITY 

Exeter on one of his joumevs towards Bableigh^ in the 
north of Devon^ passing by tne name of Doux. From the 
origuial letters in the archives of the Mayor and Chamber^ 
I copy '' the list of the things that were found in the priest's 
pocket and bag : '' — 

^H. In his pocket one Masse booke, intituled * Ex Missali Romano 
Ordo Missfls.* 

** 2. One letter from John Risdon unto Mr. Dowes, mencyonyng the 
sending of his bagg unto hitn, wherein the supersticious and Massing 
trinckets weare. 

** S, One note of some oontribuclons from certayne persons. 

** 4. Six other smale papers. 

^'6. One redde boxe with certayne wafer cakes herein of diverse 
impressions & figures ; som round, som square. 

'' Found in the said Dowes his chamber in Alexander 
Snelgrove's house : — 

^*l. A leather Bag^ before mencyoned, wherein we found one little 
Manuscript of Questions and Answeares ooncemynge the Protestant 
Religion. 

** 2. One Booke of * The Author and Substance of the Protestant 
Church/ 

« 3. One Lattyn Bible. 

**4t. One other booke with a black fforrell, intituled 'Breviarium 
Romanum ex decreto Sacrosanct! Consilii Tridentini restitutum,' with 
two pictures in the same booke, the one of the Cyrconcysion of Criste, 
the other of Crist crucifyed. 

** 6, One other little booke, intituled * The Love of the Soule.' 

** 6. One challys of silver parcell guilte, and a crucyfixe on the foote 
thereof, with a little plate of silver parcell guilt to carry the wafer 
cake. 

** 7. One white boxe of bone to keen a picture in. 

** 8. One red purse of cloth of gould, and herein a Casket with 3 little 
boxes of Oyle herein." 

The Mayor of Exeter^ Walter Boroughs^ lost no time in 
sending an official report of the capture to the Privy Councilj 
through John Prowse^ the M.P. for that city, then in London, 
who wrote back, on the 24th November, 1621 : " I did no 
sooner receyve your letters by Mr. Recorder's man, but I 
presently delyvered that which you sent to the Lords of the 
Counsell, to Mr. Secretary, understanding before by Sir 
Clement Edmonds, that the Lords would not sit to-morrow. 
His Honour promised me to make the Lords acquainted 
therewith; and I shall attend him for their resolution, wish- 
ing that you had not omitted in that letter the speech of 
Risdon reported by his boye, which would have been won- 
drous materiall. But, as I shall find opportunitie, I will 
lu-ge the same, and so will acquaint you what success your 
good service shall recgy ve.'' 

On the last day of November, Mr. Prowse wrote to the 



IN DEVONBHIBB AND COBNWALL. 7 

Mayor: ^'The Lords did yesterdaie read yonr letter con- 
cerning Sweete^ who (as Mr. Secretary tells me) have ordered 
2 pnrsivants to ride to Exeter and to reoeyre him from your 
cnstodie to be brought up hyther^ together with a letter from 
them to that purpose. It maie be that theise pursyvants 
will be with you before theise lines : but, howsoever, I could 
not forgett myselfe so much as not to advertise you of my 
care in this busynesse/' 

The copy of the Lords' warrant to John Poulter and 
Leonard Joyner, two of the messengers of his Majesty^s 
chamber, runs thus : — 

** Thds shalbe to will and require you to make y' ymediate repare to 
the Cittie of Exeter, aud receavinge from the Malor there the person 
of one Johu Sweete, whom he will deliver unto you, to hring him forth- 
with in your companye and under your safe custodie unto us — ^Willinge 
and requiringe all Maiors, Sheriffs, Justices of Peace, Baylifffl^ Con- 
stables^ and aU other his Majestjr's Officers to he aydinge and assistinge 
nnto you in the full and due Execucion of this our Warrant, Whereof 
neither vou nor they may faile att your perill. And this shalbe unto 
vou and them a sufficient Warrant. Dated at Whitehall the 29th of 
November, 1621. 

«* Jo, Ltncoln, C.S. Mandbvill. E. Wobstbb. 

^'AaUNDBLL AND SUBBBT. 

^ Edmokds, G. Calvxbt. Jul. CissAB. 

" Edmonds." 
^ To our very loveinge Friends the Mayor and 
Aldermen of the Cittie of Exeter. 

** After our hearty commendations We have rec'^ your letter of the 19th 
of this present concerning the Apprehension of one JohnSweete^ iuppoaed 
to he a JesuUy and what course you have taken for his forthcommg, as 
well in respect of his refusal to make answer unto you upon his exaniina- 
tion, as of the many superstitious things found about him and in his 
Lod^^ings after he was apprehended. For your caref uU and dbcreet pro- 
ceedmgs wherein, as We do give you hearty thanks and much commend 
your diligence ; so forasmuch as We think it requisite that he be 
brought up hither to be further examined before us, to which purpose 
we have sent these Bearers, Messengers of his Majesty's Chamber, to 
receive him from you and to bring him under their safe custody to us. 
These shalbe to will and rec[ture you to deliver the said John Sweete 
unto them to be brought hither accordingly, for which this shall be 
your Warrant. And so we bid you heartily farewell. From Whitehall 
the 29th of November, 1621. 

** Your loveing Friends 

•* Jo. Lincoln, C.S. 
** Mandbvillb. E. Wobcbstbb. 

^Abundbll and Subbbt. 
** T. Edmondbs. Geo. Calvbbt. Jul. Casab. 

"C. Edmondbs." 

** Pcstscript. — You are likewise to send umto us the examinations 
taken by you conoemynge the said Sweete. ** Lbnox." 



8 8TATB OF CATHOLICITY 

An indorsement shows that this warrant was received by 
the mayor " on the 9th of December at night/' On the 11th 
of that month was written the following receipt on the back 
of the Lords' warrant : — 

" XI die Decemhrisy Anno XIX^ Regni RegU nunc. 

** We John Poulter and Leonard Joyner, Messengers of his Majestv's 
Chamber, by virtue of a Warrant to us granted by the Lords of his 
Majesty's InriTie Councell, have receyved of Walter Borou^b, Maior of 
tbe Citiie of Exeter, the bodye of Joiin Sweete, together witb a leather 
bagge sealed, to be delirered to the Lords of his Majesty's Privye 
Counsel!. Wee saye reseved the xi*^ of December, 1621. 

"Jobs Poultbr. 
** Lbonabd Jotnkr." 

The worthy priest remained^ I believe^ a close prisoner in 
London until after the accession of King Charles I. Such 
was the importance attached to the capture of one of our 
clei^! 

About this very time the following letters were addressed 
to the Mayor and Aldermen of Exeter by that intolerant 
and persecuting lawyer and justice Richard Reynell^ of 
Greedy Wiger, near Crediton, Esq. He had been sworn a 
counsellor for Exeter on 16th Septemberj 1617 : — 

" Right Worshipfull, 

•* I have receayed y' second letter of the xix* of this instant 
November, whereby I heare you have addressed vour letters to y* Lords, 
dec. God blesse vour labours. Upon y' former fetters 1 sent my servant 
with warrants for Sataheot, Billy 4tc, But they had notice of all jr' 
proceedings two hours before day y* Sunday night, and of the said 
letter to me, and sent there secret friends to y* Constables t^ learn 
whether they had receaved any warrants from me to search, &c. And 
old Baggot was seen ryding to and from y* Popish House^ there affirm- • 
ing that some were coming from me, wnereby the Service is lyke to 
receive some defeat for this time. But I have sent for old Baggot. I 
marvel how they should so speedily have notice of your doings and 
letters. I expect Baggot this morning, if he may be found : and so till 
then I do with m^ due respect commend you to the Lord, who directs 
us herein, die. &c 

^ RiCHABD RbTNEIiL." 

*^ 1 wish you had descrybed S. Hill by his stature and ^)parell, etc. 
—R.R." 

"Right Worshipful!, 

'< 1 have receaved y' letter and thereby learn the great care you 
have of the safetye of the State and of y« Citye, It is true, the cause 
concemes God and y* King ; and there&re titt we should be most care- 
full therein. I acknowledge your example doth much inoourage me to 
do my best endevor in that behalf, for which purpose I will aoooiding 
to your advice send out warrants, and tliat by a servant of myne owne, 



IN DBY0N8HIBB AND CORNWALL. 9 

to the entent I may be aecertayned what may be done thereby. The 
Lord give a blessing unto our indevors in this behalf : to whose mercy- 
full proteccion I do with my due respect commend you, &c. 

** Richard Retnsll." 

One John Beadon^ a Catholic^ of Exeter, for having visited 
F. Sweet in this high jail, was himself committed to prison 
on 8th December, 1621. 

In the Becord-oflSoe^ within the Castle of Exeter, I met 
with the following order of the magistrates in sessions 
assembled, to search the honaes of George Eveleigh and 
Thomas Babbington : — 

'« Easter Sessions Anno tettio JaeM R. 1606. 

''Whereas We have credible information given us of great resorte 
made in the nyght season and other unlawful tymes to the houses of 
€hotye£veleUiAe* of Ottery St. Maiye, Esq., and of Thomas BahbUigtm^ 
of the same. Gen**, of Recusants, Papists, and other persons ill affected 
to His Majesty, and not conformable to the Law of this Realm : some 
also of those that repair thither being yehementiv suspected to be eyther 
Seminaries, Jesuits, or Massing Priests, and to bring with them Popish 
Books, Vestments and other unlawful Reliques : in regard there hath 
been of late diyerse directions from His Highness, the Lords of bis 
Council and other Ministers of Justice for the apprehending and finding 
out of such. Wee doe therefore in his Majesty's name and in further- 
ance of that service will and command you, that all such Umes as 
Roberte Haidon, Eec^., one of our Colleagues, shall signify unto you, you 
make Privy Search in the said Howses for the apprehending of such 
disloyal Persons and finding of such Popish Books and other Reliques 
aforesaid^ and having any, that you bring them to some of us to be 
examined and further proceeded with, as to justice appertaineth. 
Whereof We charge you not to fail, as you will answer the contrary to 
your uttermost perils. 

*«To the High Constable and Pet^ Constobles of 
St. Mary Ottery and to every of them." 

I have seen the will of Bichard Tremayne, of Tregonen^ in 
St. Ewe's parish, bearing date 30th September, 1609, in 
which he states he had been " a convicted recusant, and for 
many years had been contemned and hated by the world.'' 
Was he not condemned to perpetual imprisonment with 



i to perpet 
Perhaps he 



Sir Francis Tregian? t Perhaps he was restored to liberty 

* In the Act-Book of Dr. Cotton, bishop of Exeter, I observe the 
marriage licence granted dOth September, 1612, to this George Evdeigh 
and Bridget Fursdon^ of Fursdon, in Cadbury parish. The Fursdons 
were then Catholics. At Michaelmas Sessions, 1600, Petronell Fursdon, 
wife of William Fursdon, of Cadbury, Thomas Fursdon and his sister 
Alice, of Thorrerton, were presented as Papists. 

t In voL iiL of Dariee Gilbert's Cornwall, p. 360, the Tregian estate 
is said to have been estimated at £3^000 per annum, which, with all 
hia ready money, was seized by Q,ueen Elisabeth. Recovering his 
freedom after twenty-eight years' incaroeratioii» but ruined in fortune 
and impaired in constitution, he proceeded to Lisboiit where he died 



10 STATS OF CATHOLICITY 

with him after twenty-eight years' confinement^ soon after 
the accession of King James I. 

In Rymer's Foedera, torn. xix. p. 170, we read that John 
Hunter^ of St. Stephen's, Cornwall, was tried and convicted 
at Exeter, on the 3rd Angust, 1629, of haying asserted at 
Chndleigh, on the preceding 28th June, that ** the Pope of 
Borne is head of the Church, and hath spiritual jurisdiction 
within the territories of Christian princes/' The poor man, 
terrified at the prospect of a cruel execution, took the oaths 
of allegiance and supremacy in full court, and acknowledged 
himself guilty of the offence. In consequence, the judge 
recommended him to mercy, and King Charles I. issued a 
special pardon to him on 22nd of June, 1630. 

About this time the Eev. Thomas BuUaker, O.8.F., landed 
at Plymouth to begin his missionary career, when he was 
apprehended on the information of the master of the vessel, 
and brought before the mayor of that town, who committed 
him to its loathsome jail, without any other bed but the bare 
ground during the severe weather. At the end of eight 
days he was removed to that den of infection the county 
jail at Exeter, where he had to pass the remainder of the 
winter of 1630, with ruin to his constitution. At the next 
Lenten assizes he was produced for trial. The only evidence 
brought against him was that of a sailor, who showed a book 
taken from the prisoner, and which he called a Missal. On 
its being examined by the Court, it turned out to be a Spanish 
histoiy, which Mr. Bullaker had got to amuse him during 
the voyage ; and as no proof could be adduced of his priestly 
character, he was eventually discharged from custody. The 
apostolic man repaired to London, and devoted the eleven 
following years to the instruction of the poor and afflicted. 
On 11th September, 1643, whilst celebrating mass in the 
house of Mrs. Powell, the daughter of Sir Henry Brown, of 
the Montague family, and during the recital of Gloria in 
Ejccelsis, he was seized by the apostate Wadswortb, and 
hurried before the Sheriff of London. Conviction of the 
being a priest according to the order of Melchisedech followed, 
and the 12th of the following month witnessed his hanging 
and dismemberment at Tyburn, set. thirty-eight; Bel. 19, 
Sacerd. 14. One of his arm-bones is respectfully preserved 
in St. Elizabeth's Convent at Taunton. 

During the unfortunate civil wars, the Catholics had to 
drink the chalice of affliction to the very dregs. The Parlia- 

25ih September, 1008, aged 00. The king of Spain had granted him 
a pension of sixty cruziMlos per month. But more of this confessor 
of the faith in ArFBN niz No. II. 



IN DBVON8H1BB AND CORNWALL. 11 

ment required of the commissioiiers '' to use their utmost 
endeavours to discover all Popish recusants; to administer 
the oath of abjuration to all persons upon whom there shall 
be suspicion of Popish recusancnr ; and if any such refuse to 
take the same, proceed forthwitn to seize and sequester two- 
thirds of their real and personal estate/' Amongst some of 
the fiedthfiil so denounced and convicted, we find Sir Edward 
Gary, who held the impropriate rectorial tithes of Mary 
Church and Paignton, and lands in Staverton and Stokenham. 

Sir Robert Brett, who had the rectory of Yarcombe. 

John Poyntz, of Arlington. 

John Coffin, of Parkham. 

William Oiffard, of Bucland Brewer. 

Anthony Giflhrd,^ of Lancras. 

Garret Dillon, of Morthoc. 

Walter Grant. 

Susan Chichester, widow. 

Dorothy Berry. 

George Bayley, of Langtre. 

Dorothy Risdon, of Harberton.t 

Thomas Marsh, of Rewe.t 

* Hu ^^ye-8tone fronting the oommunion-table in Lancras Church 
bears a triple cross, with this legend :— ^ Hie jacet Antonius Giffordus, 
Dominos ae Lancrass, Vir vere pius et Cathohcus. Ob. 14 Feb. 1649." 

f In Wyot's Register, quoted m Gribble's Hist, of Barnstaple, p. 628. 
~** Assizes at Exeter, March, 1602.— The Lord Chief Baron sent to the 
common gaol Mrs. Giles Risdon and Mr. William Burgoyne, beii^ 
recasants, there to remayne at hb pleasure : if they had rather eo to 
gaol than to church, much good mignt it doe them ; I am not of tneyr 
mynde." 

X The following I copy from the original in the possession of Charles 
Noel Welman, of Norton Court, Esq. 

^ At the Standing Committee for the County of Devon, the 16th day 
of Oct. 1646. 

** Whereas the Farm of Heasell, in the Parish of Rewe, now is and 
standeth sequestered, being the Farm of Thomas Marsh, of Rewe 
aforesaid, Gent., a Papist^ It is ordered by this Committee, that Thomas 
Barton, of SilYerton, m tne countie aforesaid, Gent, shall hold, possesse, 
and enjoy the same Farm of Heasell, which Farm is hereby set and 
deinysea unto the said Tho*. Barton for one yeere, w^^ yeere is to 
begin from the feast of St. Michael the Archangel last before the date 
hereof and the said yeere to end at the feast of St. Michael the Arch- 
angel next after the date hereof; for which terme the said Tho*. Barton 
is to pay the Rent of Fifty five Pounds yeerely, by even and equall 
porcions, unto the Treasurer of the Committee ; the first payment to 
Begin at Christmas next. Ordered that the said Tho*. Barton shall pay 
unto Charles Vaghan, Esq, Treasurer, for such profitts as he hath taken 
out of the said Farm since June last, the sum of Twenty Markes. 

**JoHN Champnbys. Philip Frahois. John Beare. 
" John Barton. Cuarlbs Vaghan. Tim. Alsop." 



12 STATE OF CATHOLICITY 

Thomas Kirkham, of Bidwell^ Newton St. Gyres. 

William Kirkham^ of Pinhoe. 

Arthur Trevelyan, of Littleham. 

John Holford^ of Sampford Peverell. 

John Bowe^ of Starerton. 

The Lady Wrey^ who had rents in Sourton. 

Robert Bayly.* 

George Blount^ of Ashcombe. 

In the State-paper Office^ amongst the proceedings of the 
committee for managing the estates under sequestration^ I 
find the following entries : — 

^* 16th Nov. 1654. Thomas Riadon, an infant, by Charles Maynard, 
Grent., his {guardian, petitioner to dischaive sequestration of lands fallen 
to him by the death of father and mother : two-thirds whereof were 
sequestered for the recusancy of Dorothy Risdon, deceased, his mother. 

Ordered. 

*'4th Jan. 1654/5. William Bavly and John Cleverdon, Gents., for 
discharge of sequestration of fds of lands in Devon, made over to them 
for ten years bv Humphrv Coffin, Grent., under sequestration for the 
recusancy of John Coffin, his father, deceased. Referred. 

'*18th Jan. 1654/5. Christopher Maynard, discharged of seques- 
tration of lands purchased by him of Thomas Cary, now under seques- 
tration for recusancy of Sir Edward Cary, deceased. Ordered. 

" 25th Jan. 1654/5. PetiUon of John Giffiord, infant, by Thomas 
Leigh, of Northam, Esq., his guardian, for allowance of title to lands 
which came to him by death of his mother Honor Giffi^rd, \b of which 
were sequestered for recusancy. Ordered. 

« 1st Feb. 1654/5. Petition of Wm. Leigh, Gent., for discharge of 
sequestration of half the manor of Upton, sequestered for the recusancy 
of Anthony Gifford, deceased. Ordered. 

« 25th Feb. 1654/5. Petition of Sir Wm. Courtena^r, Wm. Kirkham, 
and Christopher Maynard, for sequestration to be discharged on lands 
in Devon, made over to them by Sir George Cary, for payment of 
debts, &c, Is whereof are sequestered for recusancy of his late father. 
Sir Edward Cary. Ordered. 

<'22nd March, 1654/5. Petition of Jqhu Maynard, Seneant-at-Law, 
to discharge two-thirds of certain copyholds within the Manor of Beer 
Ferris, for recusancy of Thomasin Wakeman, widow. 

'* N.B. The Earl of Worcester in 1648, a Papist, held in Devon the 
manors of Denbuxy and Chumleiffh, and some other detached parcels, 
bringing a net rent of £289. 6«. 3a. 

** The Marquis of Winchester had also the manors of North Bovey, 
Hempston Arundell, Brixham, East Portlemouth, Bigbury, Denbury, 
Chamleigh, and Wolston, whose total rent was £576. 89. ll^i^." 

The restoration of monarchy did not afford much relief to 
the persecuted Catholics. On 13th September^ 1667, the 

* His lands in Doddiscomblegh were sequestered for recusancy on 
19th February, 1646. Obiit 10th November, 1653. 



IN DBTON8HIRS AND CORNWALL. 13 

Privy Council addressed a letter to the justices of the peace 
for the county of Devon^ setting forth^ that '^ notwithstanding 
his Majesty's proclamation^ and the laws^ and the endeavours 
of his ministers and judges^ to suppress the growth of Popery, 
according to the desires of both Houses of Parliament in that 
behalf, yet many Popish priests are as active as ever to seduce 
his Majesty's good subjects, and to persuade them to embrace 
the Popish religion, and therein have the help and encourage- 
ment of many of that persuasion, who (although obnoxious 
to law) have of late behaved themselves very bold and 
insolently; for the prevention of which growing mischief, 
and for the preservation of the true Protestant religion, 
his Majesty hath commanded us to signify to you his ex- 
press pleasure and command, that you, in your respective 
divisions, do use your utmost endeavours to apprehend 
all Popish priests and Jesuits that endeavour to seduce and 
pervert his Majesty's subjects ; and that if any of them be 
by them seduced and perverted to become Papists, you do 
strictly examine the persons led away to the Romish religion, 
and make further and diligent inquiry who have been the 
instrument and means in their seducement and perversion, 
whether priests or others; and that, according to his 
Majesiy's said proclamation, you proceed against them 
according to law established. And that further, you cause 
the laws against the growth of Popery and Papist recusants, 
and for their conviction, to be put in due and full execution.'' 

This intolerant letter I have seen, with the fifteen original 
signatures. Amongst them is that of Sir Thomas Cl^ord 
(literwards the Lord Treasurer), who five years later made 
the amende honorable, by recondling himself to the religion 
which he had sought to proscribe. 

The Conventicle Act of King Charles II. provided that 
every person above sixteen years of age present at any 
meeting, under pretence of any exercise of religion in other 
manner than is the practice of the Church of England, when 
there are five persons more than the household, shall for the 
first offence, by a justice of the peace be recorded, and sen- 
tenced to jail for three months till he pay £5 ; and for the 
second offence, six months till he pay £10 ; and the third 
time being convicted by a jury, he shall be banished to some 
of the American plantations I 

And when the public mind was maddened by the unblush- 
ing peijuries of Titus Oates, though the king from the 
beginning was satisfied that the plot was ^' all a fiction, never 
believing one tittle of it;" yet did he not sport with the 
character, the property, the liberties, and the lives of his 



14 STATE OF CATHOLICITY 

innocent and loyal Catholic subjects? In Tain have I 
searched for the names of the " seven Popish priests '' whom 
his detestable policy hurried to the Sdlly Icdands in 1681. 
See the moneys paid for his secret service^ 9th March of 
that year. 

To the Catholics^ sitting in darkness and writhing under 
the scorpions of persecuticvi, it was a relief and comfort to 
behold in the person of James II. an open professor of their 
faith, and a champion of the rights of conscience. Then " a 
mass-house was opened in Exeter/' to use the words of 
Calamy, Hist. vol. i. p. 391. This excited the black bile of 
that fanatical ranter George Trosse, whose epitaph in St. 
Bartholomew's-yard, Exeter, describes him as the greatest of 
sinners, the least of the saints, and the most unworthy of 
preachers ! His Majesty was pleased to appoint to the office 
of High Sheriff of Devon, in 1687, a most respectable 
Catholic gentleman, viz. John Rowe,* of Kingston, Esq., 
who died in 1688. 

With the Revolution came the re-action of the popular 
fren^ against the unoffending Catholics. The Exeter 
" mass-house '^ was levelled to the ground : its priest, 
F. Morris, narrowly escaped: all personal liberty and pro- 
perty were insecure. The double land-tax was imposed and 
exacted, and the reward of £100 for the discovery of a priest 
held out a daily temptation to mercenaries, and to unprin- 
cipled servants and false brethren, to turn informers against 
chaplains and their patrons. Nay, though the edge of the 
penal laws grew gradually blunted under the government of 
the house of Brunswick, yet in all times of political commo- 
tion, we were liable to suffer £rom their cutting force until 
the year 1778.t 

* To show the despotism and grinding misery which Catholics for^ 
merly had to endure, I transcribe the following extract from an original 
letter written in 1613 : — ** Mr. Bo we [he was an ancestor of this sheriff 
of Devon aboye mentioned] was sent for up to London, for that being witli 
a knight of his acquaintance, when it was objected that the Paj^xts had 
poisoned Henry, prince of Wales, he answered, it might as well be the 
PrifUstanU; for tnat he had more of them about him. The which the 
said knight repeating at another time what he heard a gentleman say 
of his acquaintance (where a Scot was present), he was forced to bring 
forUi the same gentleman ; and it cost Mr. Howe forty pounds before 
he was released?' 

t See Proclamations of Geo. II., dated 6th Sept. and 6th Dec. 1745, 
in vol. XV. Gent. Mag. 1745. Even we read in the Universal Museum, 
a complete magazine of 1767, March : " Another mass-house was dis- 
covered in Hog-lane, near the Seven Dials." P. 41, March: "John 
Baptist Malony, a Popish priest^ was taken up for exercising his func- 
tions in Kent-street contrary to law. He is bound over in i^400 to 



IN DBYONSHIBB AND CORNWALL. 



15 



I conclude this first chapter with an extract from a letter 
I received from a lamented firiend^ Miss Margaret Sweetland, 
dated " Tunbridge Wells, 25th June, 1840/' " We have here 
at present the fEunily of Mr. Loughnan. He was a highly 
respectable merchant in London: his lady was a Miss 
Hamilton, niece to old Sir Alexander Hamilton, who lived at 
the Retreat, near Topsham. The knight left his fortune to 
this Mr. Loughnan's eldest son, on the condition of his 
conforming to the Established Church; but should he refuse 
the condition, it was to be offered to all the six sons, one 
after the other. The parents are thankful to be able to say, 
they were all too firmly rooted in their Catholic ficdth to 
accept it. The person who now has it was next in succession, 
and a Protestant, and changed his name only (Kelso) to take 
possession. Sir Alexander Hamilton died at the Retreat^ 
12th June, 1809, aged seventy-seven, and was buried in the 
parish church of Topsham/' 

take his trial at the next Kingston assizes." P. 455 : " N.B. He was 
convicted at Croydon on 2drd Augast, and sentenced to perpetual 
imprisonment." See p. 4d5, ihid. (His crime was administering the 
Sacrament to a sick man. After four years' imprisonment he was 
banished from England for life.) Again, in p. 267, May, 1767: **A 
Popish mass-house in the Park, Southwark, was suppressed ; but the 
officiating priest escaped at a back-door." P. 379, 16th July : "The 
archbishop of York, in obedience to his Majesty's commands, has 
required of the sufiragan bishops of his province to procure complete 
lists of all Papists, or reputed Papists, distinguishing sex, age, occu- 
pation, and length of residence." And in p. 381 : " The archbishop of 
Canterbury has been directed to make out a similar return." 

The Rev. James Webb was tried for priesthood in the Court of Kin^s 
Bench, 25th June, 1768, and the Hon. and Rt. Rev. James Talbot in 
1769, but escaped for want of evidence of his priesthood. In 1770 
Sir William Stanley, of Hooton, Bart., was indicted for refusing to part 
with his four coach-horses to a church dignitanr, who had tendered nim 
a £20 note ; but was acquitted on the ground of its not then being a 
legal tender. 



16 CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN 



CHAPTER II. 

BOMB N0TICB8 Or CATHOLIC FAKILIB8 IN DEVONSHIRE AND 
COENWALL. 

The Arundells of Lanheme formerly possessed such pro- 
perty and inflaepce as to have acquired, according to Leland^ 
the epithet of the "Great Arundells/' And Carew, the 
Cornish historian, adds, "they were the greatest for love, 
living, and respect heretofore in the country/' But though 
entitled to the highest consideration by antiquity of descent, 
dignity of connections, and extent of lands and royalties, 
they placed their highest honour in the practice and munifi- 
cent protection of religion. Unfortunately, one of the family, 
Humphry Arundell, Esq., the governor of St. Michael's 
Mount, in the reign of King Edward VI. attempted to sup- 
port the old faith by open insurrection; forgetful of the 
maxim, " non resistendo sed perferendo." In the sequel he 
fell a victim to the avenging law of his country. He was 
executed at Tyburn in November, 1549. 

Sir John Arundell (son of Sir John Arundell, who had 
died 24th March, 1558) was, on account of his religion, with 
his servant Glynn, committed to prison by Queen Elizabeth 
in 1581. He was eventually discharged; but this servant 
died in confinement. The worthy knight survived until 
17th January, 1591, according to the Isleworth Register. 
His daughters Gertrude and Dorothy, on 11th July, six years 
later, consecrated themselves to Gt>d in the Benedictine 
Convent at Brussels. 

The next successor to the property, John Arundell, was in- 
deed a great sufferer for conscience' sake. In a letter before me 
of F. Richard Blount, dated 7th November, 1606, he says : — 

** Catholics are daily more and more impov^erished ; for besides that 
his Majesty has the whole forfeiture, either of two-tliirds of the lands 
and all goods, or else twenty pounds monthly of such as are able : they 
are all given to Scots, to be yet more nanWly sifted and ransacked, if 
some composition be not made with them. In this manner Mr. Talbot^ 
Mr, John Arund^* Mr. Throgmorton, and all others of any ability^ 

• Among the papers at Wardour Castle are two, of" which the 
endoTsations attest to the sufferings of Lord Arundell's ancestors : — 
1. — Recusancy of John Arundell. 
20 Feb. 4 Jac. 1. 1607. 
Letters-patent of King James I., directing the officers of the Court of 



DEVONSHIRE AND COENWALL. 1? 

are begged and forced to oompound, or elae to be in danger, by one 
means or other, to lose aHU* 

From a letter in the State-paper Office^ dated 21st October^ 
1642^ by a Parliamentarian, I make the following extract : — 

^ Mr. Arundell hath the greatest forces here, and is able to raise 
more than half the gentlemen in ComwaUy and he alone was the first 
that began the rebellion there. There hath lately been landed at some 
creek in that county ten or more seminary priests, which are newly 
come out of Flanders, and harboured in Mr. Arundell's house.* They 
are merciless creatures; and there is great way laid for the appre^ 
hension of them." 

This gentleman bad to suffer the sequestration of his 
estates for many years, and it cost him nearly £3,000 to get 
off at last. In the sequel of this compilation, we shall see 
that this illustrious family had to submit to many painful 
sacrifices until the relaxation of the penal laws; but ''they 
chose rather to be afflicted with the people of Ood, than to 
have the pleasure of sin for a time^ esteeming the reproach 
of Christ greater riches than the treasures of this world : for 
they looked to the reward.^' 

The Courtenays yield to few families in the British empire, 
or even in Europe, in antiquity of descent and splendour of 
connection. " Atavis edite regibus '' may justly be said of 
their illustrious pedigree ; but when they ceased to be Catho- 
lics I cannot determine with accuracy. Henry Courtenay, 
E.G., the eleventh earl of Devon, created marquis of Exeter 
18th June, 1625, whose mother was Catherine of York, 
daughter of King Edward lY., sister to Elizabeth, the Queen 
of Henry VII., and aunt to King Henry VIII., was sacri« 
ficed, by a breach of the most sacred laws of justice, to the 
gloomy suspicions of that remorseless tyrant, the last-men-> 
tioned monarch, on 9th January, 1539. '^ Odium Tyranni 
in virtutemetNobilitatem.^' — (Apologia Cardinalis Poli, 118.) 
Edward, the only son of the marquis, and but thirteen years 



Exchequer not to seize any of the lands of John ArundeU, Esq., con- 
victed of recusancy, so long as he paid £20 a month for not frequenting 
church, &c. {£2A0 per ann,) 



2.--20 June, 34 Eliz. 1591. 
Recusancy of George Arundell, Esq, 
John Maynard, Yeoman the 

G^'Z'SddirSq.of Lan- ^ Fine £20 a month, 
hem^ Cornwall. 



( Fir 



* There is an hereditary tradition at Lanherne that the Blessed 
Sacrament has always been kept there since the Reformation. 

c 



18 CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN 

old when his father fell into disgrace, was committed to the 
Tower^ where he remained in close confinement from 1538 
until 1553, his manners and education being totally neg- 
lected. One of the first acts of Queen Mary at her accession 
to the throne was to release him from his cruel imprison- 
ment. On 3rd September she issued letters patent creating 
him Earl of Devon, to hold to him " et heredibus suis mas- 
culis in perpetuum ;^' and according to F. Persons' '^ History 
of Domesticall Difficulties in the English Catholic Cause/' he 
*' was designed to be a husband to Queen Mary, if the matter 
had not been strongly laboured and overthrown by the con- 
trary faction of Lord Paget/' It is true that Bishop Crardiner 
promoted such union with all the influence of his station. But 
his own misconduct ruined all his prospects : his ungrateful 
disloyalty caused his recommittal to the Tower in April, 1554 ; 
thence he was removed to Fotheringay Castle. After the 
Queen's marriage with Philip of Spain he was permitted to 
travel abroad, and dying of an ague at Padua, 18th September, 
1556, was honourably buried in St. Anthony's Church there. 
Sir William Courtenay, the fifth of that name, of Powder- 
ham Castle, the founder of the great Irish estate, was so stanch 
a Catholic, that he (as well as his daughter Elisuibetb, wife of 
Sir William Wrey) was denounced by the intolerant House of 
Commons on 27th April, 1624, aa the Papist recusant. Cleave- 
land, in his Genealogical Hist, of the Courtenays, represents 
that " he did receive into his house, and harbour the Jesuits 
and other Popish priests, which came secretly into England, 
and spent a great deal of money in maintaining of them. 
For there is a tradition, that in a dark, secret room, which is 
in Powderham Castle, many Popish priests lay concealed." 
The venerable knight died in London on 24th June, 1630, aged 
seventy-seven, and was buried at Powderham. On opening 
the family vault for the interment of Lady Frances Courtenay 
on 31st December, 1761, was discovered the brass Maltese 
cross referred to by Cleaveland, about six inches long and 
four wide, inscribed thus : — 

Hie 

jacet 
Sepultus 

Gulielinus Courtenay de Powderham Miles 
CatholicuB Romanus et Confessor 
qui obiit Londini in feeto Sancti Johannis Baptistss 
Anno Salutis 1630 letatis suie 77° pro cujus 

Anima intercedant 

Beata Vireo 

et omnes Sanctu 



DEVONSHIRB AND CORNWALL. 19 

Mr. Chappie^ in his Notes, says that it was thrown again 
into the lower part of the vanlt. 

Sir William Cotfrtenay, only son of Thomas Courtenay, 
who was the third son of the Confessor above mentioned, 
received the honoar of knighthood for his gallant conduct 
9th April, 1644v Five years later this " Papist recusant '' was 
allowed to compound for one-third of his estates in Hants* 
He had married Mary, the relict of Gilbert WeUs, of 
Brambridge, in that county. I lose sight of him after 
February, 1655. 

A powerful branch of the Courtenays, in the early part of 
King Henry YI/s i^ign, obtained possession of MoUand Bot- 
reaux, by intermarriage with the Hungerfords. This branch 
remained Catholic until John Courtenay in 1732 deceased 
without issue. His ancestor John Courtenay, who died in 
1660, had compounded for his recusancy in the sum of £750* 

The Chichesters of Arlington persevered in the religion of 
their forefathers until the representative of this ancient 
family, John Palmer Chichester, read his recantation in 
Bxeter Cathedral, about the vear 1795. His death occurred 
at Weymouth on 5th November, 1828, aet. fifty-four. Until 
this unhappy defection, a priest had been maintained as 
chaplain in the family. His younger brother, Charles Chi- 
chester, settled at Calverleigh Court, and lived and died a 
sterling Catholic. His son walks in his footsteps. 

Strange to say, though Popery and treason were considered 
nearly as qnionymous in the eye of the law, yet license to 
commit Popery and its prospective pardon might be had for 
money, fixim the heads of the Anglican Church and defenders 
of the Faith. Their martyr Charles I. loved to traffic in 
such indulgences. In fol. 36 of the Patent Book of Dr. 
Hall, bishop of Exeter, the author of '^ Dissuasive &om 
Popery,*' is copied his Majesty's allowance, under the Great 
Seal of England, and bearing date 14th March, third year 
of his reign, 1628 (and exhibited ten years later to the said 
Lofd Bishop), to John Chichester, of Arlington, Esq., and to 
his wife Ann, to remain recusants, &c., and with exemption 
from all citations, pains and penalties, during the yearly 
payment of a spedfied sum of money to the Crown. A similar 
one is there recorded in favour of Francis Kirkham, of 
Pinhoe, gentleman, and Elizabeth his wife, dated 21st April, 
1639, " durante soltUione pecunueJ' The loyal Sir Edward 
Cary got discharged on 24th June, 1634, by letters-patent 
under the Great Seal (which were enrolled in the Pipe Office 
20th October following), as well for himself as for his wife 
Margaret, ''ratione recusantise suse, vel absentia bus ab 

c 2 



20 CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN 

ecclesi^ yel ecdeaiis^ capellis sive aliis locis communis pre^ 
cationis^ antehac seu imposternm/' as long as £136. 13«. 4J. 
be paid every year into his Majesty's exchequer.* 

Before I part with the Courtenays of Holland, and the 
Cbichesters of Arlington^ I must refer to the letter in the 
State-paper Office, of 21st October, 1642, where I read this 
statement of the parliamentary bigot : — " There hath ben 
more substantial armour found in Mr. Chichester's house at 
Arlington, and at Master Courtenay his house at Molland 
(both recusants), than in our whole country (the gentry 
excepted). At the searching of these gentlemen's houses 
there were many wounded." 

Of the Risdona of Bableigh, in Parkham parish, I can 
glean but few particulars. The Bev. Edward Risdon was very 
instrumental in the foundation of Douay College in 1568. 
In the north aisle of Parkham church is this epitaph : — 

Hoc tumulo reqniescit corpus 
Wilmotoe Risdon Vidue 
quondam Uxoris Thomae Risdon Armigeri 
que yixit et mortna est in Fide Catholic^. 
1617. 

F. Sweet was mentioned in the preceding chapter as being 
apprehended in Exeter, 14th November, 1621, on his way, 
perhaps, from Powderham to Mr. John Risdon. Again, 
P. Philip Powelj 0,8.B., was sent to "a good family, 
Mr. Risdon's, in Devonshire, in 1622, and continued his 
ministerial services in the family and its connections until 
they were scattered by the civil wars." — See Challoner's 
"Missionary Priests," where is related his martyrdom at 
Tyburn, 30th June, 1646, set. fifty-three, miss, twenty-six. 

When the Cory family returned to the faith of their fore- 
fathers, I cannot determine ; but I incline to the opinion that 
in the early part of King James I.'s reign. Sir Edward Gary 
was reconciled. He had married Miss Margaret Blackhurst, 
of Lancashire. Both died in 1654 ; f he on 14th June, aged 
eighty ; she, five days later, in her eighty- fifth year. Their 
constancy in their religion has entailed a blessing on their 
descendants. Sir George, their eldest son, was enabled to 
purchase Tor Abbey, in 1662 ; and I believe that nearly ever 
since a priest might be found there. He, Sir Greorge, died 

* As late even as 26th October, 1689^ ^< Roger, earl of Castlemain, 
Sir Edward Hales, Charles Hales, and Obadiah Walter, prisoners in the 
Tower, were brought to the bar of the House of Commons for high 
treason, in being reconciled to the Church of Rome" — Hatsell's Prece- 
dents, vol. iv. p. 259. 

t See Appbkdix No. III. 



DEVONSHIRE AND CORNWALL. 21 

4th Jane, 1678. In the time of his son and heir, Edward 
Gary, Esq., William, Prince of Orange, with a powerful 
force, landed at Brixham. The following extract from the 
diaiy of the Boy. John Whittie, a chaplain of his highness, 
may amuse the reader : — 

** 5th Noyember, 1688, we all lode at anchor in Torbay. There is a 
fair house belonging to one Mr. Gary, a very rigid Papist^ who enter- 
tained a priest in his house. This priest going to recreate himself on 
the leads on the top thereof, it being a most delightesome day, as he 
was walking there, he happened to cast his eyes towards the sea, and 
spying the fleet at a distance, withal being purblind in his eyes, as 
well as blinded by Satan in his mind, he presently concludes that it 
was the French navy (because he saw divers white flags) come to land 
the sons of Belial, which should cut ofi^ the children of God, or, as they 
call us» hereticks. And being transported with joy, he hastened to 
inform his own disciples of the house, and forthwith they sang ^Te 
Deum.' 

^^'And because false reports were spread abroad that the people of 
this house had shot several of the Prince of Orange's soldiers, and 
thereupon they had burnt down this house, I must inform the candid 
reader that there was nothing at all in it. For our people did not give 
them one reviling word, nor they us. Some lodged there, while we 
were in the bay." — ^Page 36. 

Another account says, — 

** The prince, on Monday, 5th November, sent a Captain M. to search 
Tor Abbey, and so all other houses belonging to Papists, for horses and 
anna,"— See No. 710 of Exeter Flying Post. 

The Gary family has remained immovable in the Catholic 
faith since. 

Some of the Godolphins of Cornwall professed the Catho« 
lie creed. Sir William Godolphin (the elder brother of that 
famous Sidney, created Lord Grodolphin and baron of Rial* 
ton, 8th September, 1684) was sent ambassador to Spain by 
King Charles II., and there embraced the Catholic faith, 
and ended his days in that country. Dodd (vol. iii. of 
his "Church Hist.'' p. 251) says, that "he left a consider- 
able substance'' for the benefit of religion. In the procura- 
tor's books of the Colleges at St. Omer and at Bruges, I find 
mention of the " Gbdolphin's free place for Cornwall ;" and 
in F. John Thorpe's letter, written from Rome in September, 
1789, that— 

<' Mr. Stonor, the agent of the English clergy at Rome, had presented 
a petition several years before, at the request of Lord Arundell, for 
recovering the maintenance of the Godolphin mission; bat obtained 
notliing from Foggini, who then acted for Cardinal Corsini — ^that before 
the suppression Si the Jesuits, the snm of between 300 and 400 crowns 
used yearly to be passed to the English provincial of the Society for 
the benefit of the Cfomish mission ; that the Rev. Mr. Waters, O.S.B., 
claimed the maintenance of a missioner in Cornwall ; and with a well- 



22 CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN 

concerted and cogent memorial presented authentic certificates of the 
yearly payment of such maintenance up to the year 1773. The answer 
of Car<final Corsini, approred of hy the Congregation de Propagand&, 
was, that the funds had heen ruined ; but if the bishop of the western 
district desired some help for sending a boy to the English college at 
Rome* it would be bestowed upon him." 

I pass by, for want of sufficient information^ the Kirk- 
hams of Blagdon^ Pincoort^ and Bidwell ; the Reynolds of 
Pinhoe ; the Borlases of Treluddra ; the Giffards of Halsbury ; 
the PoUards of Horwood; the Fursdons of Fursdon; the 
Rowes of Kingston; the Chesters of Bearscombe; the 
Rowes of Endellion and Trevithick ; the Hannes of De- 
viock; the Trevanions, a branch of the Dennis^ family; 
the Knights of Axminster and Comb-pyne; and some few 
others, — to invite a brief attention to the Cliffords. 

This ancient family returned to the faith of its forefathers 
in the person of Thomas, the Lord Treasurer Clifford, early 
in 1672. As late as 17th July, 1671, he had procured 
Dr. Anthony Sparrow, the Protestant bishop of Exeter, to 
dedicate and consecrate a domestic chapel at Ugbrooke, 
70 feet long and 30 broad, with a cemetery 84 feet long 
and 24 broad. What led to his conversion, I cannot 
pretend to discover; but Lord Shaftesbury had purposely 
contrived the Test Act to exclude him and the duke of York 
from the cabinet. To use the words of King James II. (see 
the Life of thatt Sovereign compiled from the Stuart MSS. 
in 1816, vol. i. p. 484), "This new Test had the effect in 
outing Lord Clifford of the place of Lord Treasurer of 
England, and of being any longer a privy councillor, who, 
though a new convert, generously preferred his conscience to 
his interest.'* The noble lord died at Ugbrooke on 17th 
October, 1673, and, as the Chudleigh parochial register 
testifies, " was buried the 19th day of October in his owne 

* In the History of the English Friars Minors hy Davenport, who 
lived for a time in the diooeee of Exeter, I read in pase 66 : — " Frater 
Dennis sen Georgius Dionysii, generosA famitia Catholic^ in comitatu 
Devoniensi prognatus, olim in obsidione et interceptione Bolonise sub 
Henrico Octavo JFtegiusVexiilifer, ante Ordinis Sancti Francisci ultimam 
suppressionem, sub Mari& (ut /rater ^ug nMlis, totus plenus dierum 
et bonorum opemm, ante quadraginta plus minus annos ooculatus 
rerum Testis hsec mM retulit) Grenovici habitum nostrum suscepit et 
Novitius existens quod singularem denotat fervorem una cum Patribus 
ad extcras nationes (Belgium^ cum habitu evolavit, et e Brabantil^ 
Leodium se conferens, apud Nostros diu post Professionem mortuus, 
sepultus est in Ambitu ; cujus Epltaphium, jam ablatum, ibi Vidi." 

Tlie book was printed at Douay in 1665. Q. Was not the informant 
Sir Thomas D., son of the Sir Robert, who died at Bicton, 4th September, 
1592? 



DEVONSHIRB AND CORNWALL. 28 

cbappell/' His honoured widow sumved until 2l8t Septem- 
ber^ 1709^ set. eighty. She was a pious Catholic^ and^ as 
such, is shamefully belied by^he fanatical minister John 
Whittle, in page 45 of what he caUs his " Exact Diary of the 
late Expedition of his illustrious Highness the Prince of 
Orange into England.'' 

** From Newton the army passed by a Popish lady's house, which 
was cruel to all her Protestant tenants : she forced some to turn Papists 
or apostates. But bad the French king's army passed thus by a 
Protestant house^ it should soon have been fired, the people put to the 
sword, or burnt. But we have not so learned Christ ; nor ueen thus 
taught by his ministers in our land : for no man molested this house ; 
nor did anv visit it, unless a captain and some gentlemen, which would 
have bought themselves horses there ; having lost their own at sea, and 
so constrained to walk on foot till they could supply themselves with 
more.'* 

Hugh^ the second Lord Clifford^ in the year 1715^ as a 
suspected friend of the House of Stuart^ was placed under 
the surveillance of an officer appointed by the new dynasty. 
In '' The Protestant Mercury," or " The Exeter Post-Boy/' 
Friday, December, 16th, 1715, 1 read, "The Lord Clifford, 
who has been for some time in custody, is ordered up to 
town." Most probably he was set at liberty when the alarm 
of invasion had subsided. " In him," says the biographer 
Prince, " all the honours and virtues of his noble ancestors 
seem to have been epitomized." In the generous preference 
of conscience to interest, his descendants have continued 
immovable, though they have witnessed many families and 
friends bending the knee to Baal. In return for such 
fidelity, the blessing of Heaven visibly rests upon them ; — 
they rejoice in their children ; they depart in peace ; they 
are acceptable to God and to man, and to all that dwell in 
the land. In the language of the canticle, the writer offers 
them his best wishes : " Qui diligunt te, sicut sol in ortu suo 
splendet, ita rutilent." — Judges v. 31. 

In concluding this chapter, I must remind the reader, 
that during William III.'s reign a statistical account was 
taken, by royal commission, of the exact number of Catholics 
in England. The sum total was reduced by the desolating 
influence of the penal laws to 27,696. Of this number but 
298 were returned in the Diocese of Exeter. — See Dalrym- 
ple's " Memoirs," vol. ii. 2nd ed. Appendix to Part II. The 
" Ann. Lit. S.J." in 1710 states, " Pauci hie Catholici et fere 
pauperes." 



24 8TATK OF RELIGION IN 



CHAPTER III. 

THX ACTUAL 8TATB OF RBLIOION IN DBTONSHIRB AHD CORNWALL. 

In forming the comparison and contrast of the state of reli- 
gion withm the diocese of Exeter (which includes Devonshire 
and Cornwall), between the former and the present times, we 
have to mourn oyer the pillage and destruction of the records 
and memorials of Catholic affairs, which perished irrecover- 
ably in June, 1780, when the rioters attacked and burnt 
Bishop Walmesley's house in Bell-tree Lane, Bath. 

After Lanheme, the oldest mission in Cornwall, and 
Arlington, the oldest in Devonshire, we believe that Tor 
Abbey and Ugbrooke must take precedence in point of time. 
Formerly the missionary priests were fortunate to find an 
asylum where to rest their heads, — they were contented with 
a bare subsistence. Most of them had no fixed abode ; the 
conveniences of licensed places of worship, with contiguous 
residences and regular stipends, and schools for instructing 
their poor, were unknown. In order to elude the vigilance 
of scouts and persecutors, they had to make their rounds to 
the houses of the faithful under the cover of the midnight 
darkness ; they were necessitated to assume different names, 
to disguise their persons, to submit to irksome solitude, to 
many slights, frequent denials of admission, — ''propter 
metum Judaeorum,'' — in fine, they were doomed to live in 
perpetual hazard of life and liberty. Though their course 
was splendid in the sight of God and His angels, it was 
abject and contemptible in the eyes of worldlings. These 
industrious labourers in the vineyard of souls died neglected 
and forgotten ; we rarely meet with a grave-stone to record 
where they rested from their earthly labours; but their 
names are written in heaven. The charitable zeal of these 
pastors — the fervour and spirit of sacrifice in the breasts of 
their dutiful children — may vie with the example of the 
primitive days of Christianity. We cannot think of the 
perpetual dangers, privations, and sufferings of these soldiers 
df Christ without tears. 

Tor Abbey. — In all probability a priest was attached to 
the Cary family soon after the restoration of monarchy ; but 
the ease and independence of the pastor must have received 



DEVON8HIBB AND CORNWALL. 25 

oonsiderBble improvement from the liberality of the Rev. 
John Leuns, who had been chaplain for some time. In the 
second volume of this work I shall give his biography. 
At present suffice it to say, that he was buried at Tor 
Mohun, on 20th April, 1709, and that his will was proved 
in the bishop of Exeter's Registry Court, on 9th May 
following. 

Divine service continued to be performed in an upper 
room of Tor Abbey until the year 1779, when George Gary, 
Esq., fitted up the old refectory of the Norbertine canons, — 
a lofty room, and 52 feet long, by 25 wide, — for a very 
respectable chapel. But the present and seventh representa- 
tive of the family, Robert Sheddon Sulyarde Gary, Esq., 
generously gave a most eligible site of three-quarters of an 
acre for a new church, which my reverend friend Canon 
Maurice Power undertook to erect. The first stone was 
laid April 4th, 1858. This edifice is an ornament to the 
vicinity, and was solemnly consecrated by the Bight Rev. 
Dr. Errington, Bishop of Plymouth, on 17th February, 
1854. 

Ugbrooke. — St. Cyprian's chapel here was dedicated to 
Protestant worship by Dr. Anthony Sparrow, Lord Bishop 
of Exeter, on the 17th July, 1671 ; but, since the recon- 
ciliation of the family to the Ghurch, it has been conse- 
crated to Gatholic rites, and has been enlarged and decorated. 
Within its walls the first diocesan synod of the see of 
Plymouth was held on February 7, 1854. 

Eweter was the next established mission. In page 14 I 
have aUuded to the demolition of its chapel by the partisans 
of the Revolution, and of this I shall have to speak more 
amply in the biography of its incumbent, the Rev. Richard 
Norria, 8.J. From poverty, and the distraction of the times, 
the Catholics in this city and neighbourhood were compelled 
to be satisfied with the occasional visits of an itinerant priest, 
and for many years — certainly from 1745 — divine service 
was cautiously celebrated in an upper back room of Mr. 
Flashman's house, commonly called King John's Tavern, in 
South-street. About the year 1763, the Jesuits undertook to 
provide a regular incumbent, viz., in the Rev. William Gilli- 
brand, who boarded with a Mr. Truscott, in Exe Island, now 
the site of the gas-works. A successor of his, the Rev. John 
Edisford, removed the chapel from South-street to Bartho- 
lomew-street for, I think, about two years; but at Ghristmas, 
1775, a lease was taken of the south-east part of the capital 
mansion called or known by the name of St. Nicholas, and 
a large upper chamber was easily formed into a chapel. 



26 8TATE OF BEUOION IN 

Within thirteen yean these rented premiseB were purchased, 
and then a substantial chapel in the garden was determined 
upon. The foundation-stone was laid on 6th May, 1790, 
and on the Feast of the Epiphany, 1792, Mass was first cele- 
brated in this respectable place of worship. On the 19th of 
June, 1854, the preparatory work for the handsome poor- 
school commenced. Bishop Errington laid its foundation- 
stone on 7th July, 1854, and it was opened with becoming 
honour on Tuesday, 16th January, 1855 ; and now the 
chapel is undergoing considerable enlargement. Profieiat I 

Plymouth. — Here the faithfu] were in a worse condition 
than their brethren in Exeter. The charitable heart of that 
venerable benefactor to religion, Rowland Conyers, Esq. (who 
lived till 28th April, 1803, aged seventy-nine), was moved with 
compassion at witnessing their disconsolate condition, and he 
provided funds to maintain a priest both for them and for 
the seafaring Catholics who frequented the port of Dartmouth. 
His foundation, however, for the latter place was transferred, 
about the year 1820, to Weymouth, of which more in the 
sequel of this work. 

The zealous pastor at Plymouth, Jean Louis Guilbert, then 
felt encouraged to undertake the erection of a public chapel, 
in lieu of the room over a stable in the back of the George 
Inn, Devonport. Having obtained a central situation near 
the Marine Hospital at Stonehouse, between Devonport and 
Plymouth, the foundation-stone was laid on 28th May, 1806, 
for St. Mar}r's chapel, with an adjoining presbytere and 
school, and on 20th December, 1807, Mass was celebrated in 
that sacred edifice. At a later period the Bev. Henry Riley 
enlarged and improved it, as well as the rest of the pre- 
mises ; and since October, 1851, St. Mary^s has been raised 
to the rank of a cathedral, which has now (since 6th December, 
1853) a chapter of eight canons attached to it. The foun- 
dation of a cathedral was laid 28th June, 1856. 

AwmtMier. — Some time after John Knight, Esq., formerly 
of Cannington, had effected the purchase of Hilary House 
(late Mr. Colltaret's), in Axminster, A.D. 1763, he fitted up 
a decent apartment in the mansion, which continued to be 
used by a small but increasing congregation, until the present 
church, dedicated to Our Lady, was opened for public worship 
on 15th August, 1831, principally through the instrumen- 
tality and support of his pious son, Henry Knight, Esq.,'**' 
whom may God long preserve ! 

• His father, John Knight, Esq., died 14th June, 1801, set. 69. His 
late brother William, born 3rd Mav, 1703, died at Hilary House, 
3rd December, 1849, »t. 77. 



DSYONSHIIUB AND COBNWALL. 27 

Calvefleigh and Thertan. — I have already related the 
defection of John Palmer Chichester^ Esq.^ and in conse* 
quence the breaking up of the Arlington mission. Joseph 
Nagle, Esq.^ who had purchased the Calverleigh estate some 
years before, and had engaged the Bey. Philip Compton for 
his chaplain, now invited the Rev. Henry Innes, the last 
priest at Arlington, to succeed that reverend gentleman, who 
retired firom missionary duty. The venerable patron con- 
tinued to maintain a chaplain tmtil his happy death, on 29th 
January, 1813, »t. eighty-nine. His nephew-in-law, Charlte 
Joseph Chichester, Esq. (brother to the aforesaid John Palmer 
Chichester of Arlington), who inherited the estate, pursued 
the same course. One of these ecclesiastics, the Rev. Jean 
Marc Moutier, a gentleman of fortune, foreseeing, in the 
precarious state of Mr. Chichester's health, the dispersion of 
the family in the event of his death, and the closing of the 
chapel at Calverleigh, generously undertook the perpetual 
endowment of a mission in the adjoining parish of Tiverton ; 
but he died on 15th April, 1888, «t. sixty-six, four years 
before Mr. Chichester. In conformity with his intentions, 
a convenient site was purchased at Shillands on 14th June, 
1836, for a church, school, and presbytere. The first 
stone of the sacred edifice was laid by Bishop Baines, on 
Tuesday, 6th September, 1836. On 7th May, 1838, the 
Bev. Thomas Costello was enabled to remove firom Cal- 
verleigh into the new premises. Mass was first celebrated 
in the school-room on Sunday, 13th May ; and St. John's 
church was opened for pubUc worship by that reverend 
gentleman on Whit-Sunday, the 19th of May, 1839. I re- 
gret to add, that by mismanagement of affairs, the inten- 
tions and express wishes of the founder of the Tiverton 
mission have been carried out in a very xmsatisfactory 
manner; but I hope that justice, though tardy, will be 
accomplished. 

FoUafon, near Totnes. — The late Edward Cary, Esq., 
having purchased this estate in 1788, on deciding to make 
it his residence, invited the Bev. Charles Timings, who 
since March, 1782, had visited the faithful dispersed in 
Dartmouth, Kingston, Totnes, and the wide region of the 
South Hams, to take up his abode with him. He accepted 
the proposal, and retained the situation of chaplain from 
the 29th November, 1801, until his death, 8th December, 
1832, act. seventy-five. The family still provides a priest to 
ofiSciate at the mansion-house. 

Tawstock. — Sir Bourchier Wrey, the seventh baronet, 
dying on 20th November, 1826, set. seventy, his eldest son. 



JCH STATE OF RELIGION IN 

Bourchier Palk Wrey, succeeded to the title and estate. 
This gentleman had married a Catholic widow^ and^ though 
a member of the Church of England^ readily afforded every 
facility to his lady and their three daughters to practise the 
Catholic religion. Settling at Tawstock, he procured for 
them^ in July, 1827, a Catholic chaplain, fitted up ii\ the 
house a convenient and spacious oratory, and also furnished 
a poor-school. In this domestic chapel Bishop Baines, on 
26th August, 1882, administered confirmation to twenty 
persons; and Bishop Baggs, on 22nd September, 1844, to 
twenty-two. 

But as the tenure of this mission is precarious, depending 
solely on the baronet^s life, he purchased, in 1843, firom 
Charles Roberts, Esq., for the sum of £160, a desirable site 
in Barnstaple for a church, priesf s house, and school. The 
foundation was laid for a church of 80 by 80 feet ; but a 
combination of circumstances prevented the completion of 
the buildings until lately. On the 24th October, 1855, the 
church was dedicated, and the next day solemnly opened by 
Archbishop Errington and Bishop Vaughan, assisted by nine 
priests. 

Yealmpton. — About the time that England was maddened 
with the *' No Popery '' cry, November, 1850, renewed by 
the restitution of the hierarchy, that calm observer and 
sincere inquirer after truth, Edmund Rodney PoUexfen 
Bastard, of Kitley, Esq., received the light of Catholic faith. 
Some months later he assisted at the solemn consecration by 
Cardinal Wiseman of Dr. George Errington, appointed the 
new bishop of Plymouth, at St. John's cathedral, Salford, 
on 25th July, 1851 ; and he accompanied his lordship 
into Ids diocese, entertaining him honourably at Kitley 
until the middle of October, when the worthy prelate was 
enabled to take up his quarters at St. Mary's, Stonehouse. 
In his pious zeal, this new convert obtained a chaplain in 
the person of the learned and Very Rev. John Brande 
Morris, who had some years before embraced the Catholic 
faith. And, to extend the blessing of true religion, he 
converted a handsome structure, near Yealmpton parish 
church, originally intended by him for a parochial school, 
into a Catholic church. There Mass was first celebrated on 
Sunday, 4th July, 1852 j and I pray to Heaven that through 
the apostolic exertions of his minister, '^aperiat Dominus 
gentibus ostium fidei.^' — Acts xiv. 26. 

Since writing the above, I have to regret that this 
honoured patron of religion has been taken away I lie was 



DEVONSHIRE AND CORNWALL. 29 

bom 7th September, 1825 ; married Florence Mary Scroope, 
of the ancient family of Danby, November, 1853 : ob. 12tlL 
June, 1856. 

Teignmouih. — For many years back some families of the 
faithful were scattered here, and at Shaldon, Dawlish, and 
Newton. Two French priests, Messrs. Le PrStre and Le 
Verrier, successively, until their return to France (the former 
after the peace of Amiens, the latter at the restoration of 
the Bourbons), celebrated mass in a hired apartment at 
Teignmouth. For a short period much later, Mr. and Mrs. 
Campbell Smith, during their residence at Dawlish, provided 
a room in their house for the convenience of divine worship, 
when the priest from Ugbrooke could attend. But for the 
benefit of the Sacraments and the comfort of public worship, 
most of this dispersed portion of the flock had to direct their 
steps towards Ugbrooke. The Bev. Charles Lomaz, com- 
miserating their necessity, in the abundance of his zeal and 
charity, hired a decent room in West Teignmouth, and mul* 
tiplied himself, as it were, to impart to them the benefit of his 
spiritual functions. On 3rd April, 1848, he celebrated mass 
therein for the first time ; and so great was his success, that 
he determined to look out for a convenient site, erect a 
public church, and endow a new mission. The Hon. William 
Stourton subscribed the price of the ground already pur- 
chased, the foundation-stone of the church was laid on 
13th July, 1854, and the edifice, after a design of Mr. C. 
Hansom, was solemnly opened by Bishop Errington on 
19th December, 1854. On 28rd December, the Rev. Henry 
Brigham, S.J., was installed the regular pastor, and I 
anticipate a briUiant prospect to religion from his missionary 
services. 

It is now time to direct attention to Cornwall. And 
in the first place I must notice Lanheme, in Gwythian, alias 
St. Mawgan's parish and deanery of Pydre. The generality 
of my readers may not be aware that the ArundeUs, from 
time immemorial, held the manor of Lanheme, by military 
service, of the see of Exeter (see Bp. Stapeldon's Register, 
fol. 102 — 105; and Bp. Brantyngham's Register, vol. i. 
fol. 131), and that a chapel or oratory was licensed for the 
family^s convenience at a remote period. 

Amidst the changes of religion and of governments, the 
Arundells stood forward as the unflinching abettors of the 
ancient faith;* and ever amidst all the dangers and terrors of 

* As mentioned in p. 16, a member of this family, Humphry 



80 STATE OF RELIGION IN 

persecation, a priest was to be fotmd at Lanherne. But the 
house had been only occasionally inhabited by members of 
the family for nearly a century before the French Bevolution. 
When the English Sepulchran nuns had determined to 
emigrate from Liege^ and before they reached England in 
July, 1794, Henry, the eighth Lord Arundell, offered them 
Lanheme-house for an asylum; but this with many expres- 
sions of gratitude they respectfully declined, as its sequestered 
situation would have proved too inconvenient for their far- 
famed school * for the education of Catholic young ladies. The 
noble lord then offered the premises to the English Theresian 
nuns of Antwerp, who gratefolly accepted them. They 
entered this comfortable refuge in Augast, 1794. The 
history of this convent will be given in another part of this 
compilation. I shall only add, that the domestic chapel 
was soon found to be much too small for their community 
and for the congregation, and the great saloon was in conse- 
quence devoted to the purposes of divine worship on Easter 
Sunday, 1797. 

Falmouth. — ^This mission was also founded by the charitable 
Rowland Conyers, Esq., who died on 28th April, 1803, as 
stated under Plymouth. As soon as Bishop Sharrock was 
capable of procuring a proper incumbent, he stationed 
F. Ignatius Casemore, O.S.F., in the place. A private room 
served for a chapel from January, 1805, until L'Abbe Orezille 
erected the present chapel and house. The foundation-stone 
was laid on 2lBt February, 1819 ; and on 24th October, 1821, 
St. Mary's was opened with due solemnity. It should be 
recorded to the Abba's honour, that he collected, chiefly 
among the royd family of France, the sum of 500/. towards 

Anmdell, of Helland, Eaq., ^yemor of St. Michael's Mount, songht 
to restore religion by rebellion in 1549. After his conviction and 
executioxi, his estates were given, 6th March, 1560, by Edward Yl., to 
Sir Guarin Carew, Knight. 

* These communities are fonned of gentlewomen of high birth and 
accomplished manners, who devote themselves to Grod and the Christian 
training of youth, firom the purest and noblest of motives ; and there- 
fore are entitled to the respect and support of aU lovers of morality and 
religion. To me, a convent education has always appeared the safest 
and the very best. St. Jerome, in his advice to Lseta concerning her 
daughter Paula, expressly says, ** Nutriatur in Monasterio : sit inter 
Virj^um choros: cert^ te hberet servandi difficultate, et custodie 
periculo. Melius tibi est desiderare absentem, quam pavere ad singula, 
quid loquatur, cui annuat, quern libenter anpiciat." I can never forget 
hearing the late venerable and experienced Lady Clifford exclaim at 
Uffbrooke, on 26th February, 1824, ** I thank God, every day of my 
life, that I was brought up in a convent." 



DEVONSHIRE AND CORNWALL. 31 

this pious undertaking. All went on prosperously for some 
years, when Bishop Baines was induced to make over the 
place to the Redemptorists. Their provincial, F. Frederick 
Held,* on 16th June, 1843, arrived with two of his religious, 
Louis Buggenoms and Prosper Augustin Xavier Lempfrid, 
in priest's orders, to conduct the mission. Soon after, the 
provincial quitted for London ; and another of his order, 
the Bev. F. Wladimir Petcherine, an excellent preacher, was 
sent down. At Easter seventy^six commimicants were num- 
bered at Falmouth. Moreover, through them a filiation of 
six sisters of Notre Dame of Namur was established at 
Penryn, on 15th November, 1845, who after some time 
opened a boarding-school, a day-school, and a charity-school, 
all perfectly distinct. Bright prospects for religion in be- 
nighted Cornwall were anticipated, when it appears that 
Clapham held out much greater encouragement to these 
Bedemptorists ; and, alas ! on 1st September, 1848, Falmouth 
lost the benefit of their services. 

The Foundation Fund, I apprehend, suffered injury in 
a certain quarter ; but I understand that a respected gentle- 
man of the name of Andrew has given his liberal support 
to the mission. May God reward him I 

Penzance. — ^In the early part of the year 1837, an attempt 
was made to secure the services of the Bev. William Ivers, 
by the pious zeal of several Irish travellers and labourers in 
and around Penzance; but after a few months' trial, the 
failure of funds compelled the rev. gentleman to retire, and 
leave these poor soula to depend, as before, on the occasional 
idsits of the pastor at Falmouth. Their forlorn condition 
excited the compassion of that energetic man of God, the 
Bev. William Young, then stationed at Lanheme. On 
Monday, 20th July, 1840, he quitted that comfortable situa- 
tion to labour in this wider vineyard ; where he commenced 
the spacious church of the Immaculate Conception, ninety 
feet long by thirty feet wide, and fiftv-four feet high, with 
school-rooms under; the granite side walls of the nave 
having arches so formed as to admit of being opened into 
aisles, when the increasing numbers of the congregation may 
require it. The apostoUc man had the consolation of wit- 

* This venerable gentleman was bom in imperial Vienna 17th July, 
1799 ; was professed in the order 2nd August, 1820 ; ordained priest 
23rd AugusC 182S, and made Liege his head-quarters. N.B. From a 
letter of Bishoi) Baines, written in the middle of March, 1848, it appears 
that his lordship contemplated to hand over ** the management of the 
Cornish niJBsions to foreign religious.'* 



82 STATE OF RELIGION IN 

nessing this best ecclesiastical fabric in the diocese of Ply* 
mouth opened with much solemnity on 26th October^ 1843. 
Besides this^ he built a good house for the incumbent. In 
an evil hour, unfortunately, he surrendered the whole pro- 
perty, without taking proper precautions, into the hands of 
the Conceptionists recently imported from Marseilles. A 
very young superior, in a wild speculation of forming an 
establishment at Ashbourne, most unadvisedly and uncanoni- 
cally mortgaged the whole of these premises, which were 
advertised to be sold by auction on Monday, 27th September, 
1852. Thuik Ood, on the day of the sale, the new bishop 
of Plymouth, Dr. Errington, succeeded in saving the church 
at least, at the sacrifice of 950/. 

Trelaumy. — My readers are probably aware that Sir Harry 
Trelawny, the seventh baronet, after an eccentric life, found 
rest in the bosom of the holy Catholic Churchy and at 
the age of seventy-four, was admitted to the priesthood by 
Cardinal Odesodchi, on SOth May, 1830 ; and, finally, died 
at Lavino on 25th February, 1834. His daughters, Ann 
Letitia, a spinster, and Mary, wife of John C. Harding, Esq., 
had long been Catholics. They had turned the old domestic 
chapel at Trelawny, dedicated on 23rd November, 1701, by 
their ancestor. Dr. John Trelawny, then Bishop of Exeter, 
into a Catholic chapel. But of late years they have built a 
place for Catholic worship at Sclerder, about haJf a mile from 
the mansion. 

Bodmin. — The Rev. William Young, who deserves the 
name of the apostle of Cornwall, purchased premises in this 
ancient town, and actually opened a chapel there in honour 
of his patroness, the Blessed Virgin Mary, on 24th September, 
1846. For a time he served it himself; but was obliged to 
leave it after some time. The Rev. ^milius Fieldell followed 
for a short period. The dear good founder returned again 
to Bodmin in the summer of 1853 ; and it was dear to me, 
from his letter of the 16th September that year, that his 
health would not suffer him to remain much longer. 

Camborne. — ^The Conceptionist Fathers of Penzance began 
a mission here; and though they have taken French leave of 
Cornwall, the following letter of a good Catholic of the 
neighbourhood, dated 5th April, 1853, is very satisfactory. 
" You will be glad to hear, that now we have got at Cam- 
borne a regular pastor, and muster a good congregation, to 
the number of 250, if they all attended. They are chiefly 
of the labouring class, and for the most part natives of the 
county of Cork. We are much indebted to Mr. and Mrs. 
Pike, recent converts, for the accommodation of a chapel, 



DEVONSHIRE AND CORNWALL. 33 

which is fitted up over a stable. In September last^ we were 
honoured with the visit of Dr. Errington, the Bishop of Ply* 
mouth, who administered the Sacrament of Confirmation to 
about thirty^six persons. Mr. and Mrs. Pike are natives of 
London; have lived much abroad, particularly at Naples. 
He is extensively concerned in the Cornish mines, and for a 
time was auperintend^it of the West Cornish railway.'^ 

I must not forget to say, that a priest formwly resided 
with the Coucbe family at Tcihej, netur Fowey. I have 
heard an old member of that finmily say that he remembered 
the venerable Jesuit, Father Hayman, who died at their 
house on 30th April, 1756, »t. eighty-seven. 

In viewing this blessed change, have we not cause to raise 
up our hearts and lift up our hands on. high, and bless the 
Giver of all good gifts, the Arbiter and Disposer of human 
events, for reserving us for these peaceful and auspicious 
times? Who amongst us now dreads a domestic search? 
Who feds any alarm for the security of his person, or pro* 
perty, or of things appertaining to the divine service? 
Instead of concealing and disguising our names, we fix them 
on our gates : instead of skulking in hiding^holes, we walk 
abroad and erect, like firee men."^ We meet in conferences 
and synods, whenever and wherever we please. Instead of 
worshipping the Ood of our fathers in caves or in garrets, we 
court the most eligible and conspicuous situations for our 
chapels and churches ; we practise our religious rites in the 
fiice of the world. Our gentry ane invited to occupy the 
magisterial bepch — to represent large constituencies in the 
House of Commons, and to fill the office of High Sheriff. 
Our noble peers, who, whilst obnoxious themselves to the 
severity of the penal laws, and were denied their hereditary 
seats in the House of Lords, generously threw over the 
clergy and their flocks the mantle of protection, are welcomed 
to the restitution of their constitutional honours, rights, and 
privileges. Instead of borrowing a smuggled education 
abroad, and under disguised names, our numerous colleges 
at home are gaeetted, as associated, by royal license, to the 
London University. We fearlessly register and tender our 
votes at elections : we are nominated by the Lord Chan- 
cdlor as trustees of the public charities. Instead of laws 
nnd proclamations to seize crucifixes, rosaries, &c., and to 
bum Catholic books, we freely import, circulate, advertise, 

* Mrs. Lingard, mother of the late hiBtorian, remembered when her 
family used to 20 in a cart at night to hear Mass, the priest in a round 
frock to resemble a poor man. She died at Winchester, 5th August, 
1824^ aged 02, 

n 



34 STATE or RELIGION IN DEVONSHIRE^ ETC. 

and publish them. Our churches^ several of them vying 
in size and beauty with the ancient basilica of the ooun- 
try^ are rising up through the land^ and are eagerly 
tluronged by multitudes of proselytes and inquirers after 
truth. Our bishops in the colonies^ about fifty^ are patronized 
and supported in a great degree at the public expense. In 
fact^ in none of the Catholic states of Europe is our religion 
so unfettered — ^is theptUptt so free and independent — ^is the 
discussion of our religious tenets and political rights, through 
the medium of the press, so distinctly recognized and de- 
veloped. No persons are more respected and esteemed in 
good society than the Catholic clergy. Ought not this 
pleasing revolution in the breasts of our governors, and in 
the minds and dispositions of our neighbours of every creed, to 
attach us still more and more to our beloved country? — make 
us the heralds of Loyalty, Peace, atid Benevolence? — stre- 
nuous supporters of the constituted authorities? Shall it 
not enkindle the discreetest zeal to gain the hearts of our 
separated brethren, by the light of our example, by the fer- 
vour of our prayers, and to attract them by the spirit of con- 
ciliation and the lenity of Jesus Christ, to return to the bosom 
of their holy mother, the Catholic Church, to share in her 
consolations and blessings ? 

With a deep sense of devotion, let us unite in the frequent 
repetition of the collect of the Church in the Office of Tues« 
day in Passion Week : — 

•'Da nobis, qusesumus Domine, perseverantem in tuft 
voluntate famulatum; ut in diebus nostris, et Merito et 
Numero populus Tibi serviens augeatur.'* 



35 



CHAPTER IV. 

"JEsi mihi Suppliciumy causa ftdue Pium.'* 

TUB SUFFERERS FOR THE FAITH IN DORSETSHIRE. 

Thb Catholic cause was honoured in Dorsetshire by the 
constancy and heroic fidelity of its votaries. For in this 
county, persecution assumed the character of inhuman 
brutality. Whoever peruses the sufferings of some of its 
martyrs, especially of FP. Pilchard and Green, might sup- 
pose that he was reading the bloody feats of Indian savages 
and cannibals, not the conduct of Englishmen and Christian 
Protestants. 

The first in the order of time, who shed his blood and 
sacrificed his life for confessing Christ, was the Rev. Thomas 
Pilchard. Dr. Challoner, in his truth-telling " Memoirs of 
Missionary Priests,'^ could glean but slender information of 
this apostolical man ; but from a MS. of his early friend at 
college, the Rev. William Warford, who learnt much of his 
subsequent history from his sister, jand others of his kindred, 
persons deserving of all credit, — " Haec omnia ex sorore 
et aliis affinibus viri, hominibus fide dignissimis, cognovi,'^ — 
I am happy to supply the following particulars : — 

" I knew him at Oxford, a Fellow of Baliol College, and 
a Master of Arts; thence he went to Rhcims, and was 
ordained priest, where I lived on intimate terms with him, 
in 1583. He gave general edification by his singular 
modesty, candour, and gravity, and his exemplary piety at 
the altar. Returning to his native country, he conducted 
himself in so commendable a manner, that I knew no priest 
in all the west part of England who equalled his merits, and 
to this day his memory is held in benediction there. By his 
unwearied zeal, either at home, on his journeys, or in prison, 
he gained very many souls to God; he was incessant in 
preaching the divine word, and in administering the sacra- 
ments. Severe to himself, he was accustomed, when in 
prison and in irons, to lie on the bare floor ; and though he 
had the convenience of a bed, he willingly parted with its 
use for the benefit of his fellow-captives in Dorchester jail, 

D 2 



86 THB SVFFBRERS POR THE 

80 that he gained more to God in his chains, than when he 
enjoyed his freedom. All that had their soul's salvation at 
heart flocked to it; no one quitted his company without 
deriving improvement in spirit. By his engaging meekness 
he attracted and converted the felons around him ; he helped 
and comforted every one ; was justly regarded as the oracle 
of that country ; and by his discretion, and presence of mind, 
and firmness of purpose, he eluded the vigilance of the 
turnkeys. 

''Before his apprehension, some business called him to 
London, whither he was accompanied by his bosom friend 
Mr. Jessop, a worthy Catholic gentleman. In Fleet Street, 
London, he was recognized by one who knew him at Oxford, 
who consigned him over to the officers of justice. By the 
constituted authorities, after examination, both were escorted 
to Dorchester jail on horseback, with their hands tied behind 
them. Condemnation followed. A cook, or butcher, was 
induced, by the ofier of a large premium, to carry the seu« 
tence, as in cases of treason, into execution. Hardly was 
the priest hung up, when the rope was cut, and the holy 
man rose erect on his feet. The hired executioner was now 
called on to do his office, when at length, like a desperate 
madman, he rushed against his standing victim, and plunging 
his knife into the belly, there left it, amidst the murmurs 
and groans of the bystanders. In the mean while the priest, 
perfectly sensible, and seeing himself naked and horribly 
wounded, turning his head to the sheriff, said, ' Mr. Sheriff, 
is this your justice?' Then the executioner, summoning 
courage, seizes his victim, and, dashing him on the ground, 
opens the whole belly, and with savage brutality tears out 
the bowels." 

F. Warford adds, that nearly all who were accessory to 
F. Pilchard's death fell into some remarkable calamity, or 
came to an untimely end ; that he suffered on 2l8t of March, 
1587; that the malefactor who died with him was his con- 
vert ; that the said Mr. Jessop (who had attained his fortieth 
year) died shortly after in Dorchester jail, and was buried 
privately in the night-time, at his own express desire, near 
the corpse of F. Pilchard, at the place of execution, — 
"proxime ad corpus D. Pilchardi in agris in loco supplicii ; " 
and that William Pike, a carpenter, who had been reconciled 
to the Church by the zealous father, being apprehended 
and sentenced, and offered his life if he would recant, 
boldly answered, " Such an act would ill become a son of 
Mr. Pilchard," and submitted to the butchery : — " Non decere 
Domini Pilchardi filium recantare; et patrem martyrem filius 



FAITH IN DORSETSHIRB. 87 

mar^ secntus est.** Dr. Challoner, in the ''Memoirs,^ 
&c.^ states, from a MS. of Rev. Mr. Manger, that this 
heroic layman was bom in Dorsetshire, and lived in a 
village called Moors, in the parish of Parley ; that being cut 
down alive from the gallows, " and being a very able, strong 
man, when the executioner came to throw him on the block 
to quarter him, he stood upon his feet; whereupon the 
sheriff's men, overmastering him, threw him down, and 
pinned his hands fast to the ground with their halberts, and 
so the butchery was perfected," in 1591. 

In another MS. I find that about the year 1588, ''at Dor- 
chester, died in prison an old priest (whose name unfor- 
tunately is not given), and John G^esope (the gentleman 
already mentioned), Mrs. Tremain, and divers others." 
I learn also from this MS. that a pious Catholic artisan, 
called Morecock, was taken on a Sunday in Dorsetshire, by 
officers in search of a priest who had broken out of prison, 
and committed to jail, where he died before the year 1591. 

In April, 1594, P. John Cornelius, of whom I propose to 
treat amply in the biographical and second part of this 
work, was apprehended in his hiding-hole at Chidiock 
Castle.* After eluding a diligent search of the sheriffs' 
officers for five or six hours, his cough at length led to his 
discovery, as I find in a MS. of Father John Gerard. Mr. 
Thomas Bosgrave, a relative of Mr. Arundell, and two 
servants, Terence John Cary and Patrick Salmon (who are 
counted but as one by Hutchins in his '* History of Dorset- 
shire," vol. i. p. 874), were committed to prison, and suffered 
death with him, at Dorchester, on 4th July following. A 
poor malefEu^tor whom he had converted — executed at the 
same time — declared aloud, he was a happy man to die in 
such good company. Two facts appear to have been unknown 
to Dr. Challoner on this subject : 1st. The memorandum of 
Richard Verstegan, the antiquary : t " They could not get a 

* Of Chidiock Castle (at the foot of which flows the brook called 
Wynneford\ bo long the asylum of religion and the sanctuary of 
loyalty, hardly a vestige remains. An inventory taken on 7th Aueust, 
1088, proves that it was of considerahle dimensions. In one of the 
towers mention is made of ^^the chamber and the chapell chamher/' 
The gateway was taken down in 1741 : a tower was partially standing 
in 1766. T?he site is called « The Bmtu." During the civU wars it 
was regarded as a position of importance. Hutchms, vol. i. Hist, of 
Dorset, p. 326, does justice to the incorruptible devotion of its owner 
and defenders to the royal cause. ** Seven of the neighbours," he adds, 
** had their estates sequestered in 1645 : they were no doubt concerned 
in defending Chidiock House, and were thus punished for their loyalty.*' 

t This learned Catholic writer thinks that F. Cornelius was the 
author of the foUowing lines, which he addressed to a friend from his 



38 THE SUFFERERS FOR THE 

cauldron for any money to boyle his quarters in^ nor no man 
to quarter him^ so he hanged till he was dead, and was buried, 
being cut in quarters first/' 2nd. That although it be correct 
that his quarters were exposed upon four poles for a time, 
and his head nailed to the gallows, yet it is a fact, that 
through the management of Lady Arandell the quarters 
were by stealth conyeyed away, and honourably disposed of, 
— '' fortim sublata et honorificentius coUata;'' and that the 
head also came into the possession of Catholics, — " caput 
etiam venit in Catholicorum potestatem/' 

In the " Diary of Walter Yonge, from 1604 to 1628,'' 
recently published by the Camden Society (1848), at page 18 
we read the following account of a priest near Chidiock. 

" 1608. About the 1st of August, being Sunday, there 
was a priest taken at Gabriers (at the west side of the 
Golden Cap, still in sight of Lyme), at one Mr. Flear's 
house. His apprehension was in this manner. There were 
sent from the council two pursuivants into the country, 
whereof one in former time had been a recusant, and lately 
revolted. These two pursuivants, riding between Axminster 
and Chidiock, fell in company with one Austen, then school- 
master of Chidiock ; and after diverse conference between 
the said pursuivants and Austen, he confessed that there was 
a priest at Flear's house ; but did think they would scarce 
see him if they came thither. Being come to Axminster, 
the pursuivants committed Austen, and one other with him, 
to Ilassell, a constable, and rode to Gabriel's ; where, after 
search made, they found the priest hidden in a little room at 
the top of the house, being thatched, and under the thatch a 
door to go into the same ; at last, having apprehended the 
priest, Flear's wife offered one of them one hundred angeletts 
(<£25) to let him escape, who received the money, and pro- 
mised her fair. At last, his companion being in sight (for he 
was gone to the next justice when this proffer was made, for 
a warrant to commit the priest, for Flear would not let him 
depart without some order from a justice of peace), he told 
her plainly he could not by any means let him escape with- 
out great danger to himself; and so took hold on the priest, 

prison ; but the four last were composed very long before his time. I 
found them in a MS. of the reign of our King Henry IV. 

** Alter e^o nisi sis, non es mihi verus amicus ; 
Ni mihi sis ut ego, non eris alter ego." 

** Spernere mundura, spemere nullum, spernere sese, 
Spernere se spcrni ; quatuor ista beant 
Christe tuos, tua, Te gratis accepimus k Te 
Ergo meos, mea, me nierito, nunc exigis a me." 



f FAITH IN DOBSKTSHIBE. 3& 

and carried liim awajj with his hundred angeletts^ which she 
could by no means get of him again/' 

For the atrocious and cold-blooded execution of Bev. 
Hugh Green, alias Ferdinand Brooks (yet Hutchins contents 
himself with saying, " the priest was hanged "), at Dorches- 
ter, on 19th August, 1642, ^et. fifty-seven, nearly thirty 
years of which he had exerdsed his functions at Chidiock, 
I must refer my readers to the full report in Dr. Challoner'a 
'^ Memoirs/' Yet who would not gladly prefer to endure 
his tragical death — ^his Maccabean example of fortitude and 
perseverance— to the infamy of living Uke that Bev. Arthur 
Browne, a seminary priest, condemned with him at Dor- 
chester, but who publicly made his recantation. I have 
read, with disgust mingled with pity, that unhappy transac- 
tion, printed in London, 25th August, 1642, in five pages, 
quarto. 

I purposely reserve for the biographical part of this work 
the account of John Mundyn, of Maperton, in Dorsetshire, 
who suffered martyrdom at Tyburn, 12th February, 1584, 
and of Eustaohius White, who glorified Ood by his blood in 
the same spot, 10th December, 1591, having been taken at 
Blandford, on the prerious 1st of September. In Part II. 
will be inserted his original letter of 23rd November, that 
year, in which he states that he had chiefly laboured amongst 
the " Catholiques in the west contrye." 

May the blood of these holy men obtain the grace of faith 
for this b^ughted people, and may this ancient mission of 
Chidiock, adorned with so many luminaries, watered with so 
many tears, and sanctified by so much suffering, become an 
example to eveiy other, ''letting their conversation be as 
becometh the gospel of Christ.'' (Philip, i. 27.) 

I cannot close this fourth chapter without recording 
Mr. Humphrey Coffin, of Wambrook. This Recusant had 
bis lands and rents sequestered in 1645. 



40 STATE OF BELIGION IN DOB8ETSHIKK. 



CHAPTER V. 

THE ACTUAL 8TATB OV RBLIOION IN DORSBTSHIRB. 

From the harrowing retrospect of persecution^ it is refireshing 
to look around and witness the increase in number and 
respectability of the churches and chapels in Dorset. Can- 
ford, indeed, its oldest mission, is lost to us; but its place is 
well supplied by Poole and by Spetisbury : " Non minuitur 
persecutionibus Ecclesia, sed augetur/' 

And to begin with LtUlworth, Certainly, from the time 
of purchasing this estate of the Howards of Bindon, by 
Humphrey Weld, Esq., a chaplain has been attached to the 
family (A.D. 1641). This gentleman had married Clara, 
daughter of Thomas, the first Lord Arundell, of whom more 
hereafter. But the oratory was confined to the house, until 
the late Thomas Weld, Esq., determined to erect witlun the 
grounds the present convenient church of St. Mary. The 
first stone was laid by that great patron of religion on 
2nd February, 1786; under it were placed coins of King 
George III., with a brass plate, bearing an inscription, sup- 
plied almost verbatim by F. Oiovenazzi, S.J., librarian in 
Palazza Altieri> as I learn from F. John Thorpe's letter^ 
dated 16th September, 1785, via. :— 

^ Lapis sacer auspicalis in fundametita futuri Templi 
Jactas anno mdcclxxxvi iy^ Nonas Februarii. 
Quod templum Thomas Weld public^ meo in solo 
Primus omnium, mitescente per Georgium Tertium 
Legum penalium acerbitate, m honorem Virginis 
BeatissimsB Dei Grenetricis adgredior extruendum. Tu 
Vero Dens, Optime, Maxima, opus tantis auspiciis 
Inchoatum custodi, protege, fove ac confirma, 
Ut quaque Britannise patent. Religion! Sanctc 
Templa adcrescant^ Templis Cultores.** 

This sacred edifice is 76 feet long by 61 broad. Within 
its sacred walls Dr. John Carroll, the founder of Episcopacy 
in North America, was consecrated bishop of Baltimore, on 
15th August, 1790, by Dr. Charles Widmesley, bishop of 
Rama, and V.A. of the western district. Here also Dr. Wil- 
liam Gibson was consecrated bishop of Acanthus, and V.A. 
of the Northern District, on 5th December the same year, by 
the said Bishop Walmesley ; and the new bishop of Acanthus 



STATE OP RELIGION IN DORSETSHIRE. 41 

performed the same solemn rite a fortnight later in the same 
place on Dr. John Douglas^ bishop of Centurise, and V.A. of 
the Eastern District. In the vault under St. Mary's lies 
that patron of orthodoxy and piety, Thomas Weld, Esq., 
who died at Stonyhurst College, oA Ist August, 1810, set. 
sixty. 

2. Chidiock Chapel, after the dismantling of the castle, 
was in the upper room of a cottage in North Chidiock, and 
was demolished to make way for the present mansion. 
Though this chapel is in size, and height, and convenience 
far superior to its predecessor, I fully expect that it will, 
after a time, be replaced by something better. It was 
opened on Easter-Sunday, 1811. 

3. The Hussey family purchased MarrihuU about the year 
1651, and either there, or in Stour Provost village, a priest 
was accessible £rom nearly that period. But the present 
incumbent has been enabled to erect an elegant place of 
worship, which he opened on 8rd July, 1832. This zealous 
gentleman (Rev. William Casey) was much assisted by his 
friend the late Richard Rawe, Esq., who was bom in Ibberton 
parish, Dorset, 21st December, 1742, and died at Wincanton 
on 7th August, 1833, set. ninety-one. In a letter to me, 
dated from his seat. Purse-candle, near Sherbom, Sth 
November, 1820, he informed me that, '' about a year and a 
half since, I settled on the mission at MarnhuH an annuity 
of twenty pounds for ever, by the purchase of so much stock 
in the Three per Cent. Consols as would produce that sum ; 
the cost of the whole was about iE530.'' 

4. Stapehill has long been a missionary station, under the 
patronage of the Arundell family. Here the Jesuits had a 
school, which bigotry magnified enormously. The following 
narrative, which I copied from Brice's Exeter paper, called 
the "Post Master, or Loyal Mercury/' published 2nd 
October, 1724, must delight the lovers of Munchausen 
adventures : — 

*' From Wimbome, in Dorsetshire^ the^ write, that a Catholic semi- 
taary, which had long subsisted in the neighbourhood of that town, was 
by aceidmt discorered some time ago, which has obliged the person con- 
cerned in it to break up housekeeping and remove. The place was 
exactly suited to the design, it being out of the way of any great road, 
and altogether incog, 'Twas found out by some genUemen that were 
hunting, who came upon them before they were aware, and suiprised 
some of the youths tnat were walking at a distance from the house. 
There were about shtty roams in ity handsomefy fitted up, which are aU 
under around; so that nothing but a bit of a farm-house appears, which 
has till now been a cover to all the rest. The masters, students, and 
others employed, made the family about three hundred in number : but 
they are all now gone to their respective friends ; and 'tis thought 'twill 



42 8TAT£ OF RELIGION IN DORBETSHIRB. 

be very difficult for them to fix so much to their satisfaetioa agun in 
this county." 

Splendid^ mendax. — The late venerable Thomas Taunton^ 
Esq.^ informed me, that in his boyhood, before he went in 
September, 1758, to St. Omer's College, he had been to a little 
school here kept by a Catholic, Mr. Stafford. 

In 1802, Henry, the eighth Lord Anmdell, afforded a 
refuge here to Madame Bc^alie Augustin de Chabannes, a 
lady of the highest merit, and her religious community de 
la Sainte Croix de Notre Dame de la Trappe. The want of 
a suitable church had long been felt by the nuns and by the 
congregation. At length, the first foundation of the new 
edifice, as designed by Mr. Charles Hansom, the architect of 
very many churches, was laid by Bishop Ullathome, on 
Tuesday, 25 th May, 1847, and was opened with becoming 
solemnity on 16th July, 1851. On this occasion £75 were 
collected. The congregation at Canford is merged in Stape- 
hiU, and altogether consists of 180 souls. 

5. Since Christmas, 1799, the English Augustine nuns, 
originally of Louvain, have, by the blessing of Heaven, been 
established at Spetisbury, where, praised be God, they are 
in a flourishing state, and maintain two priests. Their 
convenient and respectable church, designed by the late 
Mr. Peniston, was opened on 8th September, 1830. It may 
be mentioned here that a small chapel, now disused, was 
fitted up in the neighbouring town of Blandford by 
Mr. Towsey (see Directory of 1813), and served by the Rev. 
Dr. Pierre Moulins for nine years; and on his retirement in 
1814, by the Rev. Joseph Lee ; but for a considerable time 
the few Catholics in Blandford attended Spetisbury. 

6. Poole. — At the commencement of this century, I'Abbe 
Pierre Lanquetuit, encouraged by the late Thomas Weld, 
Esq., and Lady Anastasia Mannock, relict of Sir Thomas 
Mannock, and daughter of Lord Montague (a benefactress to 
the amount of £800), began this mission, and served it till 
1820, when he returned to Prance. It was a poor residence, 
and the chapel very insignificant ; but since the opening of 
St. Mary's church, on July 16th, 1839, religion has indeed 
lifted up her head in the place, and I anticipate the rapid 
progress of truth. — N.B. The late Sir Edward Tichboume 
Doughty, Baronet (who died on Saturday, 5th March, 1853, 
set. seventy-one), had purchased the Upton estate, near Poole 
(1829), and there kept a domestic chaplain. He never 
recovered the loss of his only son Henry, who died on 31 st 
May, 1835, aged five years and nine months. 

7. Weymouth. — L'Abbe Dubuisson, an emigrant French 



STATE OF RSLI6ION IN DORSETSHIRE. 43 

priest, had established himself here as a professor of the 
French language, and officiated in a temporary room, which 
he hired for the benefit of Catholic invalids who visited that 
fashionable watering-place. The old gentleman, in July, 
1822, retired from missionary duty, and died a few months 
later, aged seventy-six. He was succeeded by the Bev. 
James Macdonnell, who, not having the same resources to 
fall back upon, accepted the chaplaincy of Rotherwaas, and 
subsequently the mission of Leamington, where he died, after 
much valuable service, on 26th June, 18S8, set. forty-two, 
and was buried on 1st July at the foot of his own altar. 

Bishop Collingridge, who had taken a lively interest in this 
rising mission, and felt much for the poor prisoners and sol- 
diers at Portland, transferred hither the fund assigned by Mr. 
Conyers to Dartmouth ; and his coadjutor, Dr. Baines, conse- 
crated bishop of Siga 1st May, 1823, shortly after took up 
his residence No. 4, Belvidere, Weymouth, and did the duty 
of the place. . I find him baptizing there on 22nd August 
and 9th October, 1823. The Bev. Francis Edgeworth suc- 
ceeded his lordship in the following year, but in the spring 
of 1825 was ordered to replace the unfortunate Bev. John 
Burke at St. Joseph's chapel, Bristol. Weymouth was then 
left without a pastor until the appointment of the Bev. Peter 
Hartley, on 20th November, 1829. To him the praise is 
due of purchasing the site of the present missionary premises, 
of erecting the priest's house, and the chapel of St. Augus- 
tine, 56 feet long by 27 feet broad, which was solemnly 
opened on 22nd October, 1835. More of him in the bio- 
graphical or second part. In November, 1835, the Bev. Joseph 
Dwyer became its pastor for eighteen months. But in an 
evil day, viz., 14th June, 1837,* was the Bev. Thomas 
Butler, D.D., appointed to this mission. This notorious 
ex-Dominican was bom at Limerick in 1800 : he had lately 
arrived from Malta, and Bishop Baines was led to hope and 
believe that, by stability, he might do credit to the cause of 
religion. In 1837, he delivered twenty-one lectures in 
Weymouth chapel to prove that the Boman Catholic Church 
was a Scriptural Church. His work, intitled, " The Truths 
of the Catholic Beligion proved by Scripture alone,'* and 
dedicated by him to Bishop Baines, was published in two 
small volumes by Booker and Dolman in 1838. Unques- 
tionably the author was a man of reading, but conceited, 

• In the chapel register I find : " 14 Junii, 1837, Ablllrao ac Rmo 
Petro Augustino Baines, Episcopo Sig», et in Districtu Occidentali 
Angiiitt yV" Aplico, Weymouth Missionarias Apiicus renuntiatus fui. 
—Sac- Tho- Butleb, D.D:' 



44 STATE OP RELIGION IN DOBSEtSHIRE. 

)re8tle88^ showy, and rery extravagant. Quitting Weymouth 
abruptly, he started for Liverpool, where he got himself 
attached to St. Anthony's chapel, Sootland-road ; then throw- 
ing up that situation, he left for Newry, in his native country, 
where he disgraced himself, and then hastily decamped, over- 
whelmed with debts. Soon after it was known that he had 
passed over to the Church of England, under the teaching of 
the Rev. Joseph Baylee, of Birkenhead ; next that he was 
appointed to one of the new Protestant churches in Jersey, 
with a salary of £100 per annum. Then, after being reported 
as dead in a lunatic asylum there, he has re-appeared, in the 
good pay of the Protestant Association, as a " No Popery " 
lecturer, through the length and breadth of the country, 
slandering and decrying that Scriptural Church which he 
had so recently defended I Unhappy man ! May remorse 
be followed by true repentance ! 

A reverend gentleman ^amed Murphy now supplied during 
three months, when, for the comfort of the faithful, and of 
all that is respectable in society, my dear friend Canon 
Tilbury was substituted, on 20th November, 1840. His 
experience and venerable age, — ^his character of quiet and 
solid virtue and spotless integrity, were rapidly restoring the 
credit of the religion which the conduct of lus penultimate 
predecessor had served to obscure and injure. But, alas ! he 
expired on 9th June last. 

8. Lyme. — ^The few Catholics here were in the habit of 
attending Axminster for prayers, and they had liberally con- 
tributed to the erection of the new church of St. Mary, 
which was opened 15th August, 1831. The Rev. Charles 
Fisher, a newly-ordained priest (of whom more hereafter), 
appointed to Axminster 17th July, 1884, had scarcely arrived 
there, when he vehemently urged the erection of a church at 
Lyme; and without sufficiently calculating the necessary 
outlay, the ground was purchased, and the foundation-stone 
of the church of St. Gheoige and St. Michael was laid on 
23rd April, 1835. The handsome design of this church was 
ftimished by E. Goodridge, of Bath, Esq. Shortly after 
some progjress was made in the building, Mr. Fisher, with 
characteristic restlessness, quitted the place. Though the 
work was suspended, it was managed at length to proceed, so 
as to have Mass said in the very unfinished edifice, on 27th 
August, 1837. 

But the arrival of the Rev. William Joseph Yaughan, 
after the brief visits of Messrs. Swarbrick and James McDon- 
nell, was the harbinger of brighter prospects to this new 
mission. On Wednesday of Easter week, 18th April, 1838, 



STATE or RBLIOION IN DORSETSHIRE. 4d 

he reached Lyme. Out of his own means he built the house ; 
an excellent school followed^ with the pecuniary aid of 
Miss Ellen Shuttleworth. He bought a garden contiguous, 
which he has conveyed to the mission, and he improved the 
church. Bishop Baggs, requiring a gentleman of his influ- 
ence and energy, called him away at Midsummer, 1B45, to 
be president of St. Paul's, Prior Park, to the deep regret of 
his attached flock; but he had a worthy successor in the 
Rev. William Seth Agar, who added much to the beauty of 
his church, which is a bijou of its kind. The beautiful Lady 
Chapel was finished in 1851. 

On 22nd May, 1836, ten persons were confirmed here. 

On 15th July, 1849, twenty-three were confirmed. 

9. Bridport.-^The blameless conduct of the Catholics resi- 
dent in this town, \Fho were exemplary in attending the chapel 
at Chidiock, had won the good opinion of their neighbours ; 
but the public discussion of Catholic principles in the Town- 
hall on 15th June, 1841, before an audience of more than 
600 influential persons, G. T. GoUop, Esq., a liberal Pro- 
testant, in the chair, could not fail to produce a powerful 
impression in our favour, and to explode the calumnies 
charged upon us. The Bev. William Peter Bond, then pastor 
of Chidiock, the Bev, William J. Vaughan, of Lyme, and 
F. McDonnell, of Birmingham, did themselves infinite honour 
on that occasion. The Rev. John Byan, a successor of Mr. 
Bond, availing himself of this friendly disposition of the 
townspeople, decided on commencing a new chapel in Brid- 
port. The foundation-stone was laid on 8th September, 
1845, in honour of our Lady. He said the first Mass in the 
new edifice on 1st July, 1846; and on the 2nd Julv Bishop 
Ullathome opened it with great solemnity, assisted by ten 
priests. For a considerable time this zealous pastor did the 
duty of both places ; but, happily, fww Bridport enjoys its 
own Catholic incumbent. 



46 ACCOUNT OF THE PRINCIPAL 



CHAPTER VI. 

SOME ACCOUNT OP THE PRINCIPAL CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN 
DORSETSHIRE. 

1. The Welds. — ^The first time that I have met with the 
family is in the '' Abbreviatio Placitorum/' fol. 283, A.D. 
1290, where John de Welda and Matilda his wife, in Essex, 
recovered damages in a suit (Hot. 88) .* Humphry Weld, of 
East Barnet, Herts, was Lord Mayor of London in 1610 : 
his relict Frances parted with that manor of East Barnet in 
1645. Several members of the family raised themselves by 
success in the legal profession; amongst whom we may 
mention Sir John Weld, knight, of Arnolds, in the parish 
of Edmonton, brother of the said Lord Mayor. He built 
and endowed Southgate Chapel in that parish, which was con- 
secrated by Dr. King, bishop of London, in 1615. Accord- 
ing to Lysons, the learned knight died in 1622. In Smyth's 
Obituary I read, 25th March, 1650, "Died Mr. William 
Weld, of Bread-street, London, father of Sir William Weld, 
now recorder." This recorder died in 1661 ; his lady was 
buried 5th September, in the same year. A George Weld, or 
Wilde, son of Henry Weld, a citizen of London, a stanch 
loyalist, was made bishop of Derry by King Charles II., and 
dying in Dublin 29th December, 1665, set. sixty-four, was 
buried in Christ Church there. A branch of the Weld family 
still exists in Ireland. 

In the preceding chapter I have stated that Humphry 
Weld, Esq., in 1641, became the fortunate purchaser of Lull- 
worth. That he was a monied man is evidenced by the large 
sums he advanced to save the sequestered estates of Henry, 
the third Lord Arundell, when sold at Drury House, London, 
in 1658. In my humble opinion, he was the first Catholic in 
his family. He had married Clara, daughter of Thomas, the 
first Loid Arundell; and Dodd informs us (Church Hist, 
vol. iii. p. 800) that the Rev. Dr. William Hyde, afterwards 
president of Douay College, "remained awhile with Mr. 
Humphry Weld." This possessor of Lullworth had two 
brothers. 1st, John, a barrister, who was knighted, and is 

* Peter Weld. D.D., a Franciscan, of Worcester, preached at the 
funeral of Isabella, ducmess of Clarence, 1476.— Mon. Angl. vol. ii. G4. 



CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN DORSETSHIRE. 47 

described of Pinchbeck^ county Lincoln^ and of Combe or 
Compton Bassett, in Wilts. 

2nd, George, married to Catherine Moore ; he is described 
as of St: Martin's parish, London. Their daughter Cecily 
married Daniel Mahony, son of John Mahony, of Castle 
Mahony, county Cork, Esq. 

Bichard Blore, in his '^ Britannia,^' published in 1673, dedi- 
cated the map of Dorsetshire to this Humphry Weld, of Lull- 
worth Castle, Esq., governor of Portland and Sandesfoot 
Castles. In plate 25 are the arms of the said gentleman, and 
he is further represented as the owner of Dry Dratton, in 
Cambridgeshire, and of Weld House, in St. Giles-in-the- 
Fields, London. From the journals of the Lords we learn, 
that at the time of Oates's Plot, 1678, Humphry Weld, Esq., 
was in the commission of the peace, and stiU governor of 
Portland Castle. On the petition of the Lords to the Crown, 
27th March, 1679, he was deprived of these offices. More- 
over, the Privy Council directed that his house within Port- 
land Castle, his castle of Lullworth, and Weld House, in 
London, should be searched for arms. In a grotto of the 
garden attached to Weld House were found several chests 
and trunks, which the said Humphry Weld affirmed were 
goods left in his hands by Don Pedro de RonquiUio, late 
Spanish ambassador here, for a security of a sum of money 
paid by him for the said ambassador. On Slst of the same 
month and year, the trunks were ordered to be carefully 
examined and a report to be made to the House of their 
contents. On 7th April the said trunks were ordered to be 
restored, " as there was nothing among the papers relating 
to the said conspiracy" This persecuted gentleman died 
about 1685, in a good old age. Sir Roger le Strange, in his 
folio edition of " ^sop's Fables,*' p. 132, mentions the pillage 
of Weld House at the breaking out of the Revolution. This 
took place on 12th December, 1688. 

By failure of issue male, the estate descended to his 
nephew William, son of Sir John Weld,* of Compton Bassett, 
and Mary (Stourton) his wife. He had married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Shirebum, of Stonyhm^, Esq.; she 
died 24th January, 1688, 0.S. He survived until 12th April, 
1698, being then forty-eight years old, leaving a son and 
heir, Humphry Weld. 

* The worthy knight, I trust, had not dictated the wild inscrii>tion 
to his memory in the church of Lullworth, copied into Hutchins's 
*' History of Dorset." Though he had marriea Mary, daughter of 
William, the tenth Lord Stourton, he was not reputed a Catholic. Her 
ladyship died 15th May, 1660 : he survived till 11th July, 1674. 



43 ACCOUNT OF THE PRINCIPAt 

This gentleman contracted marriage with Margaret, only 
daughter of Sir James Simeon, of Britwell, in Oxfordshire, 
and Aston, in Staffordshire, Bart. (His creation bears date 
18th October, 1677.) This union, like that of his father, 
eventually brought large possessions to the Weld family. 
Mr. Weld died 23rd June, 1722, set. forty-five, leaving a son, 
Edward Weld, to be the fourth to inherit the property. He 
married first, about the year 1728, the Hon. Catherine Aston, 
eldest surviving daughter of Walter, fourth Lord Aston, by 
his wife Mary, only daughter of Thomas Lord Howard. This 
Hon. Mrs. Weld very indelicately, but ineffectually, sued for 
a divorce, and died without issue 25th October, 1739, aged 
thirty-four. In the British Museum may be seen an octavo 
volume of her proceedings against Edward Weld, her husband, 
in the Arches Court, Canterbury, and the sentence pro** 
nounced by Dr. Bettisworth, 15th February, 1782-3, which 
was affirmed by the Court of Delegates in Trinity Term foU 
lowing."^ Her death enabled him to contract marriage with 
Mary Theresa, daughter of John Yaughan, of Courtfield, 
Esq.,t by whom he had several children. She died 21st July, 
1754, aged forty: he survived until 8th December, 1761, 
aged fifty-seven. Mr. Hutchins, in hia elaborate History of 
Dorset, does honour to himself, by the following tribute to 
the character of his friend :->- 

'^ The late Edward Weld, Esq., was of an agreeable person, 
sweet, modest, and humane temper ; easy, affable, and obliging 
behaviour. He lived in great credit and hospitality, and 
maintained a good correspondence and harmony with the 
neighbouring gentry; nor did difference in opinion create 
any reserve or distance. His charity and generosity were 
not confined to those of his own persuasion, but universal; 
and his character, in every social relation of life, truly 
amiable. Though he ever behaved as a peaceable subject, he 
was ordered into custody in 1745, on account of his name 
being mentioned in a treasonable anonymous letter, dropped 
near Poole — a malicious piece of villany, which none but a 
bigot and sealot would practise ; and which will endanger 
the life, fortune, and reputation of the most blameless and 

* Lee's Ecclesiastical Cases, vol. ii, p. 580. 

t Of her brother, John Vaughan, Esq., who died, «.;>., in 1780, 
F. John Thorpe, writing from Rome on 18th March, of that year, to 
Henry, the eighth Lord Arundel], thus expresses himself : " What an 
amiable and venerable character is civen of the deceased Mr. Vaughan 
both in letters and newspapers ! It would be a comfort to religion if 
his example was followed oy every Catholic gentleman in the kingdom. 
Too many of them forget themselves to l^ only tenants at will to 

Imighty God, and to be accountable to Him for the use of their estates." 



CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN DORSETSHIRE. 49 

inoiFensive. An immediate and honourable discharge was a 
most convincing proof of his innocence. His worth, and 
the favours I received from him, demand this testimony of 
my respect and gratitude to the memory of a friend.'^ So 
far this honest and reverend Protestant historian. Had he 
turned to the '^ Gentleman's Magazine '^ of 1745, p. 554, he 
would have found the anonjrmous letter referred to, viz. : — 

** Monday , Oct. 7th, Wareham, in Dorsetshire, 

** On Monday last was found dropt near Pool the following letter, 
with a piece of paper and a handkerchief, in a wheel-rutt full of 
water : — 

«* « Sir, * September 27, 1746. 

** ' Having this opportunity, by a friend who is going to Plymouth, to 
advise our Catholic friends how to act with relation to the prisoners, 
the which is also to stop near Weymouth, I thought proper to wish you 
joy of the success of our friends in the north. When our friends arrive 
m tlie west, I hope you will be ready to assist them, as promised in 
your last; but I fear the winds have prevented them as yet. My 
humble respects to S. J. W. (Sir John Webb) and all friends at Can- 
ford, LuUworth, Weymouth, Exeter, and Plymouth.* 

** On this, Mr. Weld was taken into custody^ but after several ex- 
aminations discharged." 

5th, Edward, eldest son of the above-mentioned wor*> 
thy, succeeded to the property. To obtain a smuggled 
education abroad (which was denied him at home), I 
find in the procurator's book of St. Omer's College, that he 
arrived there, with his brother John, under the name of 
Shireburn, on 1st August, 1754, and certainly both conti* 
nned there until 22nd February, 1759. (John died, 26th 
September, 1759, and was buried at St. James's, Brussels.) 
Their younger brother, Thomas, followed, on 26th Septem* 
ber, 1762, under the name of Shireburn also, and remained 
at Watten and at Bruges until 2nd May, 1765. 

This Edward married twice: 1st, Julia, daughter of 
Edward, the eighth Lord Petre. She died 16th July, 1772, 
Bet. thirty^two. 2ndly, Mary, daughter of Walter Smythe> 
of Brambridge, Hants, Esq., 16th July, 1775. He was in a 
precarious state of health at the time, and barely survived 
the ceremony three months, dying on 23rd October follow^ 
ing. This far-famed lady was bom 26th July, 1756. She 
soon found a second husband in Thomas Fitzherbert, of 
Swynnerton, Esq. He died at Nice, in 1781* She subse- 
quently, on 21st December, 1786, married George, Prince 
of Wales, and survived until 27th March, 1837. She was 
buried in St. John tlie Baptist^s chapel, Brighton, to which 
she proved a generous benefactress. Her beautiful monu« 



60 ACCOUNT OF THB PRINCIPAL 

mmt there, by Carew, records her merits, and the grateful 
affection of her friend and companion Miss Seymour. Her 
memoirs have been recently published by that noble Chris- 
tian gentleman the Honourable Charles Langdale (London, 
1856, 8vo.). 

I now come to Thomas, the sixth possessor, only surviy- 
ing brother of Edward. From infancy he was the favourite 
of Heaven, and as he advanced through Ufe, he was justly 
regarded as the pattern of every virtue that can adorn the 
Christian gentleman. In his own conduct and intercourse, 
this dignified head of a large establishment exemplified how 
perfecdy a regular system of piety is compatible with atten- 
tion to the social duties and the successful management of 
extensive property. 

On 27th February, 1772, he was united in holy marriage 
with Miss Mary Massey Stanley ; and each of their nume- 
rous family might say, ''A parentibus nobilitatem pietatis 
accepi/' Six years after his union occurred the first relax- 
ation of the penal laws. In the Sherborne paper of that 
period I read, ''On the 24th December, 1778, six great guns 
(six-pounders), with their carriages, ammunition, and neces- 
sary implements belonging to them, said to be brought from 
Bristol, were carried in two waggons to Lullworth Castle, 
on the sea-coast of Dorsetshire, the seat of Thomas Weld, 
Esq., a Soman Catholic gentleman, where $ume are remem- 
bezed to ever have been before. They are supposed to be 
the private property of that gentleman, and a flag-staff is 
erected on the top of the castle '' 1 

Little did that editor foresee that his gracious Majesty 
Qeoftge III. would, with his royal family, a few years 
later, frequently honour Lullworth and its loyal owner 
with his presence, partake of his splendid hospitality, even 
inspect his new (diapel of St. Mary, and converse familiarly 
with the Rev. Charles Plowden, the well-known Jesuit. 

Mr. Weld was justly regarded as the friend and protector 
of religion. It would require a volume to enumerate his 
good deeds to the communities of Stonyhurst, La Trappe, 
Taunton Lodge, Clare House,^ Plymouth, &;c. &c. Suffice 
it to say, ''Eleemosynas illius enarrabit omnis ecclesia sanc- 
torum.'' — Ecdi. xxxi. On Ist August, 1810, he was called 
by God to receive the recompense of his good deeds, et. 
sixty; his honoured relict finished her course at Filewell 

* His sister, Mary Euphrasia Weld, a rdigious, formerly of Aire, in 
Artois, died at Clare House, Plymouth, on 12th March, 1823^ et. sixty- 
nine, and was interred in the little cemetery, with ten other members of 
the commanity. 



CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN D0R8ET8HIRB. 61 

House, near Lymington, on 1st of August also, just twenty 
years later (1880). 

To this patron of orthodoxy and piety, succeeded his 
eldest son, Thomas, bom in London, on 22nd January, 
1778. For the most part he received his education under 
the tuition of the Rev. Charles Plowden, S.J., whom Cardinal 
Wiseman describes as ^'a man Eeaious and fearless in the 
defence of religion, and well known for his many learned 
works/' On 14th June, 1796, he married, at Ugbrooke, 
Lacy Bridget Cli£Ford, second daughter of the Honourable 
Thomas Clifford (fourth son of Hugh, the third Lord Clif- 
ford). Their only issue was Mary Lucy, bom at Upway, 
near Wejrmouth, on 81st January^ 1799. The loss of his 
amiable consort at Clifton, on 1st June, 1815, and the 
subsequent marriage of his only child to the Honourable 
Mr. Clifford, at Paris, on 1st September, 1818, left this lord of 
Lullworth at full liberty to embrace the ecclesiastical estate, 
and to renounce the &mily property to his next brother, 
Joseph Weld, Esq. Placing himself under the direction of his 
old friend and experienced guide, the celebrated Abbe Carron, 
a long preparation was not required* Monseigneur Quelen, 
archbishop of Paris, thought proper to ordain him sub- 
deacon, on 28rd September, 1820 ; deacon on the ensuing 
2drd Becember ; and priest on 7th April, 1821. Six days 
later he celebrated his first Mass. On 20th June, 1822, he 
b^an to assist the pastor of the Chelsea mission, and conti- 
nued to raider useful service in the laborious duties of his 
office in the company and under the direction of that 
apostolic man L'Abbe Voyaux. After some time, he was 
removed to Hammersmith. But he was not suffered to 
remain quiet, for the Bight Bev. Alexander Macdonnell,D.D., 
bishop of Sangston, Upp^ Canada, solicited of the Holy 
See, and prociued his nomination to be his coadjutor. The 
ceremony of Dr. Weld^s consecration, as bishop of Amyclee, 
a town of the Morea, was performed at St. Edmund's 
College, by the venerable Bishop Poynter, on 6th August, 
1826* It was at the risk of life that he consented, in his 
delicate state of health, to accept a residence in so cold a 
climate But legal business and the remonstrances of his 
family and of his medical advisers detained him in England ^ 
vet, though he delayed his departure from time to time, 
he never abandoned the intention of proceeding to Canada. 
The health of his beloved daughter had now excited the 
alarm of her family, and required the experiment of a milder 
climate; and Dr. Weld took the opportunity of accompany- 
ing her and her husband, that he might visit the tombs of 

E 2 



52 ACCOUNT OF THE PRINCIPAL 

the apostles before he quitted Europe. Shortly after his 
arrival, Cardinal Alboni, on 19th Januarj, 1830, announced 
to his lordship that His Holiness Pope Pius VIII. had 
decided on honouring him with the purple, to mark his sense 
of his merits, and of his personal regard for the English 
nation. The 15th of March witnessed his admission into 
the College of Cardinals. 

Whilst Rome, and every country where his name was 
known, applauded the honours so freely conferred on distin- 
guished merit, his own heart was sensibly affected at being 
the spectator of the rapidly-declining health of his daughter. 
She died on Sunday, 15th May, 1831, at Palo, about 
twenty-six miles from Rome, and was buried on the 18th in 
St. Marcellus' church, in Rome, from which his eminence 
derived his title. He survived her nearly six years ; viz., till 
Monday, 19th April, 1837, and his precious remains were 
deposited near hers, with unusual solemnity ; the Sovereign 
Pontiff attending, and affected to tears whilst consigning his 
ashes to the tomb. 

Joseph Weld, Esq., bom 27th January, 1777, already 
mentioned, has added much to the property in Dorset since 
his right reverend brother made Lullworth over to him in 
1828. 

The Webbs,— The founder of this family was William 
Webb, of Salisbury, merchant, in the reign of Henry VIII. 
(See the visitation of Dorset in the College of Arms, C. 22.) 
By marriage, William, the son of the founder, obtained 
Motcombe, in com. Dorset. Sir John Webb, in the early 
part of King James I.'s reign, purchased Canford estate, for 
14,000/.; but I find, in an original letter written in the 
spring of 1613, that Sir John Webb, with all the Catholic 
gentlemen of the west country who Uved within forty miles 
of the sea, were sent up to London ; that this worthy knight 
was accused of having made the purchase with money from 
Spain, and he must receive the Spaniards there ; and though 
he proved what lands he had sold elsewhere to raise that 
large sum, what moneys he had borrowed, and of whom, 
and the causes that induced him to make that purchase; 
though even Dr. Abbott, archbishop of Canterbury, expressly 
stated to the Privy Council, " This is no more than any of 
us would have done ;" yet he was bid to choose to what Pro- 
testant's house he would be committed. Mr. Harry Shirlie, 
who dwelt in a thatched house opposite Poole, and kept a 
boat to carry dung to his farm, was suspected of having the 
boat to receive dangerous persons ; he was also committed, 
as were Mr. Coram, and the rest. 



CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN DORSETSHIRE. 63 

This family was eminently loyal. In the Journals of the 
Commons, Thursday, 20th November, 1641, the person of 
John Webb, of Canford, Esq., is ordered to be secured ; but 
he escaped, and was enabled to render his sovereign valuable 
service, and in reward of the sacrifices he made in defending 
the royal cause was created a baronet, on 2nd April, 1644. 
Major-General Webb was so dreadfully wounded at the first 
battle of Newbery, fought on 20th September, 1643, as to 
die shortly after. 

In the course of this work it will be seen that this .family, 
one of the wealthiest among the commoners of England, up 
to the time of the late Sir John Webb (who was buried at 
St. Pancras, London, 1797), remained stanch to the old reli- 
gion, and maintained several missions in the diocese. 

The Husseys of Nash Court, in MamhuU parish, for the 
last two centuries have been in good reputation. For the 
life of Giles Hussey, the gifted artist, who died at Beeston, 
in Broad Hempston parish, Devon, 17th June 1788, set. 
seventy-eight, see the eighth volume of Nichols's " Lite- 
rary Anecdotes.'' Hutchins, "History of Dorset," vol. ii. 
p. 500, styles him '^ a living honour of the county." 

At Mr. Duane's sale, the celebrated painter West bought 
some of his pencilled heads, and pronounced a judgment, 
and such an encomium, as should not be omitted. " I will 
venture to show this head against any other, ancient or 
modem ; it was never exceeded ; no man had ever imbibed 
the true Grecian character and art deeper than Giles 
Hussey." Several specimens of the genius of this exemplary 
Catholic may be seen at Nash Court, Lullworth, &;c. 

Eastmonds. — Of this family I can glean nothing whatever, 
except from Rymer's " Foedera," tom. xviii. p. 392, where 
we learn the complaint of the House of Commons to King 
Charles, that in the house of Mary Eastmond, in Dorset- 
shire, had been discovered, by two justices of the peace, 
divers copes, altars, chalices, &c., who thereupon tendered to 
her the oath of allegiance and supremacy, and upon her 
reftising it, committed her to the constable, from whose 
custody she made her escape; yet that Secretary Lord 
Conway had written to those justices in her favour I 

Hutchins, in his " History of Dorset," vol. i. p. 276, 
informs us that Mr. Humphry Coffin, of Wambrooke, a 
Becusant, had his rents and lands sequestered in 1645. 

Upon the whole, if Catholic property has suffered diminu- 
tion in some localities within the county, it has gained it in 
others. The Weld family has made some purchases; the 
Tichboumes have acquired Upton, near Poole, since 1829; 



64 CAVHOLIC FAMILIES IN DOK8ST8HIRE. 

the Huddlestones hare Punecandle, near Sherborne; the 
Tuckers are proprietors of Filford^ in Netherbury parish; 
the nuns of Spetisbury are the real possessors of their con« 
yenient premises. And on its very borders^ near Lyme, the 
ancient family of Talbot has purchased the fine property of 
Bhode Hill, in Uplyme parish, and has proved itself the 
principal support of the Lyme mission. William Maskell, 
Esq., has also Pickett manor and farm, within the parish of 
South Perrott, and the manor of Wraxale, in the county of 
Dorset. 



THE MISSIONS OF 80MIB8BT8HIRE. 55 



CHAPTER VII. 

THS MISSIONS OF 80MBR8KT8HIBI. 

Hs&B indeed is subject of congratulation to religion, and 
of heartfelt thanksgiving to the Author and Finisher of fiuth. 
Within the last half-century the missions have been doubled. 
I begin with Bath. The late welUinformed Dr. Baines 
informed me^ in his letter dated from Bath 7th December, 
1818, that this mission had always been served by members 
of the Benedictine order. Its Register, unfortunately burned 
by the fanatical mob in June, 1780, proved this; at least 
firom the reign of James II. His Majesty reached Bath on 
18th August, 1687, and remained there during the three 
following days ; he returned to it again from Holywell on 
6th September following. F. Anselm Williams was then the 
incumbent. For a long period the missionary residence, as 
well as chapel, was at Bdtre House, held under the Corpora- 
tion of Bath at a ground-rent of 8/. per annum. The name 
of the next incumbent that I have been able to ascertain 
is F. Bernard Quin, who occurs in 1718 ; and F. William 
Banester, who died 16th May, 1726; then that eminent 
fiither Dr. Laurence York, who succeeded F. Francis Bruning. 
Dr. York had been prior of St. Gregory's at Douay, and of 
St. Edmund's at Paris, before his arrival at Bath, about the 
year 1780. His prudent seal, in very difScult times, endeared 
him to the venerable Bishop Pritchard, Y.A. of the Western 
District, who recommended him to Rome for his associate in 
the episcopal office. His wish was readily granted, and the 
consecration of the new prelate, as Bishop of Niba, took 
place on 10th August, 1741. During the rebellion of 1745, 
a fiibricated letter (no uncommon device of the malevolent at 
that period) was forwarded to the mayor of Bath, and ad- 
dressed, by a supposed anonymous partisan of the rebellion, 
to the Bight Rev. Dr. York. It thanked the bishop for the 
men and money which he had already provided, and for the 
supplies which he had promised ; and engaged to him the 
see of Carlisle, in the event of the Prince's success. The 
mayor, satisfied in his own mind of the forgery, waited on 
Dr. York at Beltre House, and was soon convinced of the 
perfect innocence of the prelate, and of the malice of the 



66 THE MISSIONS OF SOMERSETSHIRE. 

attempt on his life and character ; but^ under all the circum- 
stances of the times^ suggested the expediency of withdrawing 
himself^ until the storm blew over. This prudent counsel 
was duly acquiesced in. In the course of 1745, F. Bernard 
Bradshaw was appointed to take the mission. 

On the death of Bishop Pritchard, 22nd May, 1750, set. 
eighty-one, the responsibility of an extensive jurisdiction over 
North and South Wales, the counties of Monmouth and 
Hereford, in addition to the six counties comprising the 
subject of this compilation, devolved upon Bishop York. 
Years and infirmities admonished the zealous prelate to look 
out for a coadjutor ; and the choice he made of the Bev. 
Dr. Charles Walmesley ^ does credit to his discrimination of 
character, and will ever entitle his memory to the gratitude 
of not merely the diocese, but of the whole English Catholic 
body. The young and learned doctor, as I find in a letter of 
F* John Thorpe, S.J., who assisted at the ceremony, was 
consecrated Bishop of Bama by Cardinal Lanti, on Slst 
December, 1756, in the Sodality Chapel of the English 
College at Rome. 

Dr. York, after gracing the mitre for twenty-three years, 
obtained permission of Pope Clement XIII. to retire from 
public life. This event was announced to the dergy and 
faithful of the district on 12th March, 1764. He chose for 
his retreat St. Gregory's Convent, at Douay, where he died 
in the arms of his religious bi-ethren, 14th April, 1770, octo^ 
genario major, 

2. F. Anselm Bradshaw succeeded Dr. York as missionary 
in 1745 ; but I cannot ascertain the length of his services, 
though it is said he continued until 1757. He died eventu-' 
ally at Warrington, 20th June, 1799. 

3. F. Placid Naylor served Bath about twenty-one years. 
He ended his days at Paris on 2nd December, 1793. 

4. John Bade Brewer^ D.D., was ai^ointed to this mission 
in 1776. Encouraged by the relaxation of the penal laws, 
two years later, he decided on erecting a chapel in St. James's 
Parade; for the one at Beltre House proved inconvenient 
and very inadequate for its purpose. The new edifice was 
announced to be opened for public worship on Sunday, 11th 
June, 1780; but on Friday, 9th, the delegates from Lord 
Greorge Gordon's association had so inflamed the fanaticism 
of the mob, that it was gutted and demolished, as well as 
the Presbyt^re in Bellotree Lane; and the registers, diocesan 

* For an account of Dr. Waln^esley's scientific nttaini^ents, see 
BuUer'fi Memoirs, vol. ii. 312. 



THE MISSIONS OF SOUBB8BT8HIBE. 57 

archives^ and Bishop Walmesley's library and MSS. perished 
irreooYerably in the flames. Dr. Brewer nearly fell a victim 
to the savage fury of the rioters ; he was porsued through 
several streets^ was denied admission by two of the principal 
inns^ and even the Town-hall ; but at last found refuge in 
the Greyhound Inn, and escaped by a back door.^ In 1781 
the duties of president of his brethren called him away firom 
Bath ; and subsequently, Woolton, near Liverpool, became 
his principal place of residence. There he closed a meri- 
torious life by a happy death on 18th Aprils 1822, set. 
seventy-nine. 

5. F. Michael Pembridge was the next incumbent. B«- 
quiring assistance in the discharge of his increasing duties, 
F. Cuthbert Simpson was assigned him as associate; but 
death snatched him away on the auspicious feast of All Saints, 
1785. F. Jerome Digby then lent him his valuable aid for 
some time ; on whose translation F. Joseph Wilks was given to 
him for coadjutor. This reverend gentleman possessed superior 
colloquial powers, which made his society to be in great requi- 
sition. Unfortunately, he mixed himself up too intimately 
with the proceedings of the Cisalpine Club in 1789 and 1791, 
and laid himself open to the severe but just displeasure of 
his neighbour and immediate diocesan, and Athanasius of our 
English Church, Dr. Charles Walmesley. But more of this in 
the biographical part. On his displacement, the Bev. Hugh 
Heatly followed, and during his short ministry edified all 
classes with his religious spirit and pastoral solicitude. He 
fell a victim to typhus fever 28th April, 1792, set. thirty- 
three. 

In the meanwhile good F. Pembridge had gone on labour- 
ing in the vineyard, and prepared a new chapel in Com* 
street, opened for Christmas, 1786. Ood called him to his 
Temple, not made with hands, eternal in the heavens, on 
20th May, 1806, and five days later his remains were de- 
posited near those of his venerable friend Bishop Walmesley, 
m St. Joseph's Chapel, Bristol. 

6. The Rev* Ralph Ainswarth served this mission very effici- 
ently bom F. Heatl/s death in 1792, until Ood caUed him to 
Himself on 5th February, 1814, set. fifty. His assistants 
were, 1st, F. John Augustine Birdsall, who arrived 30th May, 

* The ringleader of this mob and incendiary was John Butler. In 
the Gent. Mag. of 1780, page 446, we iind that he was convicted at the 
following assizes at Wells, and was executed on 28th August, <<near 
the end of Pear-tree Lane, in Bath, without the least disturbance." 
An action for damages was brought against the Hundred of Bath, at 
Taunton, dOth March, 1781, and Dr. Brewer recovered £3,734. 19^. 6d. 



58 THB MISSIONS OF 80MBR8BTBHIBB. 

1806, and at the end of three years and a half left, to com- 
mence the flourishing mission of Cheltenham, of whom more 
hereafter; 2nd, the Bcf. James Calderbank, who arrived 
just before the opening of the new church on 3rd December, 
1809, and who, from assistant, became seyenth chief pastor 
in 1814, and remained such till July, 1817 (having for his 
associate F. Thomas Rollings), when he retired to Kyerpod, 
where he ended his days 9th April, 1821. 

8. The Rev. Peter Augustine Bainee, of whom I shall have to 
treat largely in the second Part. Suffice it at present to say, 
that he unquestionably availed himself of the progress of 
light and public, liberality, from his entrance into office, July, 
1817, to draw attention to the grandeur and solemnity of 
our services, and to conciliate the minds of his hearers by his 
dignified and persuasive eloquence. On his consecration as 
coadjutor bishop, nearly seven years later, he resigned the 
ohai^ of chief pastor at Bath to his individual assistant 
from the beginning, viz. — 

9. The Rev. Thomas Brindle. 

The death of Bishop CoUingridge, at Caimington, on Srd 
May, 1829, occurred whilst his coadjutor. Dr. Baines, with 
the right of succession to the government of the Western 
District, was sojourning at Rome for the benefit of his health. 
His lordship lost no time in appointing Mr. Brindle to be 
grand vicar and administratar of the diocese €ui interim, and 
obtained for him the title of D.D. In December the same 
year, his lordship efilscted the purchase of Prior Park for a 
college and seminary, and got several members of the 
Benedictine College of Amplrforth, vis. Dr. Booker, Dr. 
Burgess, Dr. Brindle^ and F. Metcalf, to be secularised, 
to conduct his new establishment, of which he installed 
Dr. Brindle regent or president. It was opened for the 
reception of students July, 1880. 

10. The Rev. Ra^h Maurus Cooper, who on 27th June, 1828, 
was admitted as assistant priest by Dr. Brindle, and endeared 
himself to his flock by his zeid, discretion, and constancy in 
his religious profession. On Dr. Brindle's retirement, he, of 
course, succeeded to the direction of the important and 
laborious mission of Bath, and was shortiy after provided 
by the Benedictine Chapter with an efficient associate in the 
person of F. John Jerome Jenkins. Admirably they worked 
together in the vineyard of our Lord, until 10th October, 
1836, when he left Bath for the mission of Bungajf, in 
Suffolk, and was replaced by the Eev. Joseph Peter Wilson, 
a priest of much experience. But when the new vicariat (^ 



THB MISSIONS OV SOUBB8BT8HIBE. 59 

WaleSj with Monmouthshire and Herefordshire^ was estab- 
lished in 1840, and separated from the Western District, and 
the learned Dr. Thomas Joseph Browne, the Prior of Down* 
side, was created \U first diocesan, then F. Wilson was chosen 
prior in his place, and was succeeded at Bath by the Rev. 
Christopher Austin Shann. At the end of two years 
F. Shann quitted to make way for the Bev. John Clement 
Worsley. 

F. Cooper, who for twenty-three years and a half had 
served Bath, obtained permission to retire in 1846. The 
congregation, to mark their sense of esteem and gratitude^ 
presented him with a purse of 200/., which he spent for 
God's love on the sanctuary of his little chapel at Chipping 
Sodbury. 

11. F. John Jerome Jenkme, the provincial of his brethren^ 
succeeded as head pastor on 8th December, 1846, to the joy 
of his former flock, after ten years' separation. He retained 
the ofSce of head pastor until 11th October, 1860. 

12. JF. John Clement Worsley, who for the last eight years 
had sealondy discharged the office of assistant, was promoted^ 
on F. Jenkins's retirement, to be incumbent of the mission, 
and had the happiness of receiving for his associate the Bev. 
Nicholas Maurus Hodgson. Evary one who witnesses their 
Bucoessftd zeal and friendly co-operation must be reminded 
of the exclamation of the Psalmist, ''Ecce quam bonum et 
quam jucundum, habitare fratres in unum." — (Ps. cxxxii.) 

Since July, 1865, the Bev. Joseph Shepherd has taken 
Mr. Hodgson's place. 

N.B. I apprehend that F. Thomas Ballyman, who died 
at Bath 6th August, 1796 ; F. Anselm Oeaiy, deceased there 
on 28rd March, 1795, at the age of 82; F. John Bernard 
Warmoll, who was the bosom fnend of Bishop Walmesley^ 
and ended his life at Acton Bumell, 27th April, 1807, set. 87 ; 
and FF. Henry Lawson, Bede Bigby, Clement Bishton, and 
Aug. BoUins, had rendered temporary assistance to the 
incumbents at Bath. 

Bishop Baines, conceiving that a second chapel was 
required in the upper part of the city, hired a place for 
divine worship, whiph was opened 26th May, 1882, and 
served from IVior Park. But it did not answer his expecta* 
tions. Dr. Crowe, however, having converted the best part 
of his house in Brunswick Place into a respectable oratoryj 
drew vast numbers by his zealous exertions and eloquent 
sermons ; and at his retirement, aiter four years' labours in 
the sacred ministry, was presented, on 12th December, 1851, 



60 THE MISSIONS OF SOMERSETSHIRE. 

with a noble chalice and paten hy his grateful flock. (See 
" Catholic Standard/^ of 20th December.) Since his removal, 
a new chapel has been erected in the neighbourhood. 

Bonham, though placed in the Ordo, and even in some 
i^ndent documents, as in Somersetshire, is really in Wilts. 
The small manor and tything of Bonham had formerly 
belonged to a family of that name (Editha Bonham, elected 
abbess of Shaftesbury 15th November, 1441, obiit 20th 
April, 1460), and afterwards came into the possession of the 
Stourtons. Edward, the twelfth Lord Stourton, who aliened 
and sold off most of the family estates in Dorset and Wilts, 
in the beginning of the eighteenth century, still retained 
this manor, and there fixed the priest, who was generally a 
member of the Benedictine order, instead of at Stourton.^ 
Charles Philip, the sixteenth Lord Stourton, sold this last 
remaining property, in 1785, to Henry Hoare, of Stourhead, 
Esq., but specially reserved the presbytere and chapel. 

Cannington. — ^This manor was granted by King Charles II, 
to the Lord Treasurer Clifford, on 15th July, 1672. His 
son and successor, Hugh, Lord Clifford, frequently resided 
at its noble Court-house, especially after his eldest son, 
Thomas, settled there. This promising youth married, in 

1713, Charlotte, Baroness Livingstone, Viscountess Kinnaird, 
and Countess Newburgh ; but dying on 21st February, 
1719, N.S., at the early age of thirty-two, was buried in the 
adjoining parish church. The remains of his venerable 
father were deposited near him, on 7th October, 1730. 
From all that I can collect, a chaplain was maintained here 
until 1768, when the family establishment was broken up, 
and the Bev. William Sutton quitted for Axminster. Nor 
can I discover any resident missionary here until 1807, wheu 
the late Lord Clifford afforded to the Benedictine Dames, 
who were obliged to leave MamhuU (where they had 
sojourned from Michaelmas, 1795), '^ a very comfortable and 
conventual asylum, at Cannington Court House.'^ Here they 
continued forty-one years, until their late removal to Little 
Heywood, now St. Benedict's Priory, Stafford. But they 
left behind them a large and beautiful chapel, which was 
opened for public worship 7th July, 1831. This missio/i, 
thanks to Ood, is in a flourishing condition. 

Shepton MaUett.— At the Michaelmas of 1765, the B.ev. 
John Brewer, S. J., originated, I believe, the mission here ; 
and served it until his death, 1st September, 1797. He was 
succeeded by the Rev. James Hussey, who expended his 

* The first priest I meet with here is the Rev. Thomas Bruning in 

1714. He died there, 6th August, 1719. 



THE MISSIONS OF SOMERSETSHIRE. 61 

fortune in the purchase of a fields in which he erected a 
presbytere; laid the foundation-stone of the chapel of 
St. Nicholas^ on 15th October^ 1801^ and opened it for public 
worship on 29th Aprils 1804. The learned Dr. Coombes 
accepted the charge of the mission on the death of Mr. 
Hussey^ in 1810 ; for nearly forty years he continued^ with 
an assistant from Stonyhurst^ to superintend the establish* 
ment; when he finally surrendered the concern to the 
Jesuits^ on 12th June^ 1849^ and retired to Downside^ where 
he tranquilly yielded his soul to the Prince of Shepherds^ on 
15th November, 1850, set. eighty-four, sac. fifty-nine. The 
Bishop of Clifton, since 1854, has undertaken the care of the 
congregation. May his disinterested zeal be blessed with 
a rich harvest of souls ! The Rev. James Dawson is the new 
pastor. 

Shortwood. — ^I believe there was no resident priest herd 
until 1794, when the Rev. Joseph Hunt, of Stone-Easton, veri 
Beaumont, and his family connections began the endowment. 
Since the retirement of that venerable man, in 1838, 1 have 
seen a rapid variety of incumbents j but since 1st April, 
1852, the mission has had the advantage of the experience 
and energy of the Rev. T. M. Macdonnell. 

Its chapel of St. Michael was opened 15th May, 1806. 
Taunton, — ^The Rev. George Baudoin, bom at Munkton 
(see the biographical part of this work), fitted up a room in 
his house. East Street, Taunton, about the year 1782, for a 
handful of attendants, and was very reduced in circumstances. 
His latter days were rendered much more comfortable by 
the settlement of the English Franciscan nuns at a short 
distance from the town, in June, 1 808, and by the assist*- 
ance he derived in the ministry from Bishop Collingridge, 
and the chaplains of that convent. Worn out with infirmi- 
ties, the venerable man closed a blameless life on 14th May, 
1818, set. sixty-nine. An active successor was assigned in 
the person of the Rev. Samuel Fisher, O.S.F., who arrived 
12th November following. So rapid was the increase of 
Catholicity, that the foundation-stone of a large chapel, in 
honour of St. George, was laid by Thomas Clifton, of 
Lytham, Esq., then living at Hatch, on 18th April, 1821 • 
It bears this inscription : — 

Honor! 
Sancti Geoigii 

Haec JEAe% a solo est inchoata 

Id. Aprilis An. mdcccxxi, 

Lapidem Auspicalem statuente 
Thom& Clifton Armigeroi 



63 THB MISSIONS OF 80MBBSBT8HIBB. 

It was solemnly opened on 8rd July^ 1822, and Dr. Baines 
preached on the occasion. I rejoice to add, that this 
mission is in a flourishing condition. 

As to the beautiful convent church, blessed on 11th 
November, 1811, by the title of Our Lady of Dolors, 'I 
shall simply say that it is well attended; and that the 
charity and seal of the saintly community is a prolific source 
of blessings and of light to a town, where less than a century 
back there was but one Catholic, and she a convert 1 

Leiffhland, in the parish of Old Cleeve, was the property 
of the Poyntz family. From them it descended to the 
Bowes, in the reign of William III. John Eowe, as I learn 
from the parish register of Arlington, married Ursula Chi- 
chester, on 25th November, 1697, yet left no issue ; but to 
him William Widdicombe, Esq., devised his estate of Bick- 
ham, adjoining. Bobert Bowe, the nephew of the said 
John, married Prudence Chichester, 15th August, 1706, and 
had several children ; one of them, Elizabeth, became the 
wife of John Needham, of Hilston, county Monmouth. At 
Leighland, as I shall show in the sixteenth chapter, a 
chaplain was maintained, chiefly of the Benedictine order, 
down to our times. 

Doumiide. — Here, indeed, we have cause to offer up the 
homaffe of grateful hearts to Ood, the lover of man^s salva- 
tion, K>r conducting the sons of St, Benedict to this once«> 
benighted spot. They arrived here, firom Acton Bumell, 
towards the end of April> 1814, and have established 
the monastery of St. Gregory,— an excellent college, — with 
an increasing mission. The church, in the best sbrle of 
King Henry III.'s time, 62 feet long by 26 broad, and 
40 feet high, which was opened with great splendour on 
10th July, 1823, is now pronounced to be much too small, 
and a larger one is contemplated. But I reserve my 
account of this interesting establishment for a subsequent 
chapter. Attached to the mission is a public Catholic 
school in the contiguous village of Stratton, with a cemetery 
and cross. 

Prior Park. — In the Life of Bishop Baines, in the second 
part of this compilation, may be seen the history of this 
extensive and splendid establishment, opened in 1830, but 
doomed to a brief existence. The truth is, too much 
was attempted at once. In the midst of its embarrass* 
ments, even a grand collegiate church was projected, 
and its foundation-stone was laid on 12th March, 1844. 
The following extract of a Pastoral Letter, dated Clifton, 
Ist January, 1856, addressed by George, archbishop of 



TH8 MISSIONS OF 80MERSBT8HIBB. 68 

Trebisond, and Apostolic Admimstrator of the diocese of 
Clifton, annonncing to all its clergy and laity the dissoln- 
tion of the college of Prior-Park, will be read with deep 
interest. 

''The resources of this district had been deeply drained in the first 
establishment of the institution in 1890 ; an unfortunate fire, a Tery 
few years after, reauired new calls upon exhausted means and publio 
liberality, and produced an embarrassment from which the place never 
Teoovered. The chances of permanent success became gradually more 
doubtful; and, in 1847, a commission appointed by the Holy See 
reported that very considerable modifications and very great exertions 
would be required to give a fi&ir prospect of restoring prosperity ; but 
that on account of the property invested in the place, it was advisable 
that no endeavours should be left untried to rescue it by securing the 
permanency of the college. Subsequently, the buildings^ with aamost 
all the lands annexed, were sold to pay off the most urgent portion of 
the mortgages, and then held on lease from the purchaser. The diffi- 
culties continued to increase ; and in 1852 a new commission was of 
opinion^ that unless a large sum could be raised at once, without the 
formation of a new debt, to meet the most embarrassing pressure, and 
efiectual provision be made at the same time for such modifications as 
might put a stop to the annual deficit in the accounts, it would be 
better to close the establishment than to struggle on in the hope of 
saving the funds abeady sunk, with so great a risk of increasing in 
the mean time the permanent liabilities. The late bishop of this 
diocese believed that both the required conditions might be fulfilled, 
and, as you are aware, dedicated his unceasing exertions to this 
attempt, listed by personal canvass the charity of the country in its 
behalf, and finally fell a victim to the weight of the burden ne had 
undertaken. 

^Another experiment now appeared to have been made, with no 
bett^permanent results than those which had been tried before ; and 
the Holy See was unwilling that the resources and energies of a 
sacoeeding bishop should be exposed to be exhausted in mere experi« 
ment, ana resolved that the appointment of a successor should be 
delayed till it was clearly established whether or no the coll^^e could 
be really and effectually malnUdned. It was not well for the diocese 
that the time and care of the bishop should be permanentiy engrossed 
l^ one object ; but that one object was of such paramount importance^ 
that it was only by its being really secured if possible, or wholly 
renounced if impracticable, that the anxiety and attention of the pastor 
could be relieved. Af un, the amount of capital provided for eccle- 
siastical education and other puiposes, invested in this undertaking, 
rendered it advisable to employ all available resources in maintaining 
the establishment to save the investments ; but this employment of the 
means contributed for religious purposes, whilst It was the oest possible, 
provided there was security of nnal succese, was doubly prejudicial if 
failure should ultimately take place : for whilst on the one hand, other 
useful objects were len unattempted, or unsupported as they would 
have otherwise been ; on the other hand, the amount itself <» public 
aid was considerably diminished, from the opinion, entertained by those 
who had not faith m the permanency of the college, that it was only 
throwing their means away to contribute what would in reality be 
wasted ux>on vain attempts to support it. Nor was it only in this single 
respect tnat the evil fruits were manifested of diversity of opinion in a 



64 THE MISSIONS OF 80MEBSBTSHIRE. 

society upon a matter of great and practical importance ; the doubts 
hanging over the stability of the college^ and the consequent variety of 
views as to what line of conduct relative to it was the true interest of 
the diocese, had gradually led to the existence of party feeling on the 
subject, which in this as in similar cases could not fail to increase as 
time went on without a solution of the problem ; and it would have 
been extremely difficult for a bishop anpointed to the diocese to have 
escaped the lasting inconveniences of having been considered by one 
party or the other as a partisan and opponent. It was for these reasons 
that a temporary admmistrator was appointed, and directed to bring 
the question to a positive conclusion one way or the other. 

** The examination of the accounts since 1852 showed an increase of 
debt, notwithstanding the results of the extraordinary exertions of the 
late devoted bishop ; the source from which the supplies necessary to 
meet the deficiencies had hitherto been drawn had gradually been 
exhausted, and any further deficiency must have risked being not met, 
and even tradesmen's bills left unpaid ; at the same time public con- 
fidence seemed, from the smaller number of the students, to have 
diminished ; and it would have required, besides the clearance of the 
outstanding accounts, that from some source a large amount should be 
able to be counted upon to cover the annual deficiency that must be 
expected till, after some years, the restoration of public confidence should 
have provided a number of students sufficient for the requirements of 
the establishment. Without seeing a way to meet this apparently 
absolutely necessary condition for moral security, to attempt to carry 
on the college once more would only have been to renew experiments 
and multiply exertions and sacrifices fruitlessly, and, as the result sHows, 
prejudicially tried already. It was, therefore, from a feeling that 
unless Divine Providence should point out resources unperceived by 
us, it would not be right to recommend another experiment, — that we 
requested your earnest prayers in Advent, knowing that the goodness 
of the Almighty would not give you a stone in return for your petition 
for bread. 

" The necessity of a decision on the subject was however prevented 
by circumstances. A large amount of arrears of rent was due, and on 
the first of the year legal proceedings were taken by the landlord. 
These proceedings of coui'se alarmed other creditors, and oth$r claims 
were urged. The property still remaining on the premises was valued 
and estimated as more than equal to these outstanding claims, to satisfy 
which in the first instance it is belpg sold : if a surplus remains, it 
will be applied to the partial rescue of the various funds sunk in the 
establishment. 

<< It is not then an unmitigated calamity with which it has pleased 
Grod to visit the diocese. If it has seemed well to Him that we should 
not have to exult in the possession of a magnificent establishment, it is 
not only a lesson of humiliation and conformity to His will that we are 
taught, but you will be free to employ your energies, heretofore para- 
lyzed by being taxed above their capacity, to more purpose on other 
ODJects tending to advance God's honour and your own welfare. If a 
great loss has been sustained in the disappearance of funds, derived 
from former contributions for religious pu^oses, sunk in the college, 
you will feel, on the other hand, that your charity will no longer be 
drained off in support of a doubtful undertaking ; while the training 
of ecclesiastical students, the principal object of tne maintenance of the 
colleg^, may be as effectually carried on elsewhere, and at no more cost 
than it has been there for each, since the embarrassment prevented the 



THE MISSIONS OF SOMERSETSHIRE. 65 

existence of a surplus^ representing the interest of the funds sunk as 
appropriated to that purpose. The source of disunion, and consequent 
weakness, in your exertions for the general good of the diocese, will 
have been removed ; and in peace and unity you will as one man, each 
nsing the full extent of his power, and tending to one object under the 
guidance of your future pastor, soon obliterate the feeling of grief you 
at present experience, and find, in the new monuments of zeal and 
liberality that will arise in the midst of you, consolation and joy similar 
to that described in the history of the festivities at the dedication of the 
second temple. The same Lord who gave Job wealth and happiness, 
and allowed misfortune and misery to take for a time the place of that 
wealth and happiness^ restored, when the purposes of trial had been 
answered, the mvours originally granted, and blessed the latter end of 
Job more than the beginning. 'The Lord has given, the Lord hath 
taken away ; may the name of the Lord be blessed.' " 

Midford Castle^ about three miles and a half from Bath. 
The estate here was purchased bj the late Mr. ConoUy, and 
at Midford House mass was first celebrated in the year 1820; 
for seven years it was served by different priests from Down- 
side College. A chapel was then opened in Midford Castle^ 
on 3rd May^ 1837^ by the worthy squire^ and was served 
generally from Downside^ until 1841, when Prior Park 
undertook to minister to the spiritual wants of the family. 
But there was no resident missionary there, until September, 
1846, when the Rev. Charles Parfitt accepted the appoint- 
ment. From his letter of 12th July, 1855, I learn that he 
had then sixty-two Catholics at Midford, and that he has 
established a poor school. 

Bridgewater, — In consequence of the conversion of the 
Rev. J. Moore Capes, minister of the new church of St. John 
here^ Bishop Baggs decided on having a chapel in this town. 
The foundation-stone was laid on 2nd October, 1845, and 
on 17th February, 1846, it was opened under the patronage 
of St. Joseph. The Rev. Jacob lUingworth, the priest of 
Cannington, and his successor there, Dr. English, in their 
zeal and charity duplicated for the benefit of the rising 
congregation, until 1850, when F. Bernard Morewood 
and F. Peter de Pozzo rendered assistance between them, 
until the summer of 1851. Two or three Dominicanesses 
of the third Order attempted to establish a house; but 
the experiment failed. It is pleasing to know that the 
prospects of religion, since the appointment of a resident 
pastor. Rev. Thomas Francis Rooker, in March, 1852, are 
very encouraging. With the children in the school we can 
calculate already about 200 Catholics. 

Frome. — I cannot do better than copy the letter of the 
Rev. Richard Ward (late vicar of St. Saviour's, at Leeds, and 

f 



6G THE MISSIONS OP SOMBRSBTSHIRK. 

now incumbent of this mission)^ addressed to me July 9th, 
1855 :— 

''The Frome mission owes its origin to the zeal of the good fathers 
of St. Gregory's College, Downside, who np to 1860 were indefatigahle 
in attending to the wants of snch sick and miirm Catholics as happened 
from time to time to he found in this town and neighbourhood. In 
January^ 1850, the arrival of a newly-married pair of conrerts to set 
up a ^ocery business on a yer^ humble scale gave occasion to an 
extension of their labours. At this date the Her. John Hall, then mis- 
sionary at Downside, ^Jf said Mass in the small parlour of this worthy 
couple (Downing), and four persons besides themselves were present 
at it. He came again for the same purpose every other Sunday, 
a distance of nine miles, until August that year, when a very incommo- 
dious room — but the brat and largest that could be procured — ^was 
opened as a Catholic chapel ; and from that time until the end of July, 
1853, either he or one of his confreres came every Sunday to attend the 
little flock. In July, 1858, it was represented to me that the Benedic- 
tines were able no longer to spare a pnest, and that, as the bishop of 
Clifton was in equal straits, the Frome mission would have to be given 
up, unless / consented to take it. At the urgent entreaty of the bishop, 
I agreed to supply it for two years, and came to reside in the following 
October. Soon after, a piece of ground was purchased in the most 
central and desirable part of Frome, and an old building, called 
' St. Catherine's Tower/ was converted into the priest's house, and the 
new church opened on 16th July, 1854, a building 53 feet long by 
17 broad, but eventually intended to be no more than a school-room. 
On the whole, the progress of religion is of a very consoling and encou- 
raging nature. Many Protestants have begun to inquire into the 
grounds of our holy faith, and several have been instructed and 
received into the one fold ; nor have I found that the fact of my having 
officiated formerly as curate of Su Edmund's j in the immediate neigh- 
bourhood, has at all tended to make my cause more difficult, but rather 
the reverse." * 

Weston-super-Mare. — In the summer of 1851, a large 
room was taken here, with the approbation of Bishop 
Hendren, by the fathers of the S.J. at Bristol, who served 
it during the six summer months. In the following year, 
Bishop Burgess engaged the same for a similar purpose, and 
the clergy of Clifton Cathedral have officiated there during 
the summer season in favour of Catholic visitors. I trust, 
ere long, a resident incumbent will be assigned to this 
fashionable watering-place. 

At Meadgate, in Camerton parish, once the property of 
the Coombes family, and where the late Rev. Dr. Coombes 
was born, 8th May, 1768, and, I think, his reverend uncle, 
of the same name, before him, 4th August, 1744, N.S., Mass 
used to be celebrated, as the doctor assured me. It is now 
converted into a public-house. 

♦ L'Abb^ Faugfere, bom at Chatres 13th December, 1764, emigrated 
2l8t November, 1792, resided for a considerable time at Frome. 



THE MISSIONS OP SOM£B8£TSHIRE. 67 

I must not forget to relate that Chard^ on the confines 
of Dorset, Devon, and Somersetshire, was the scene of the 
barbarous execution of the Rev. John Hambley, a priest of 
Douay College. Of this native of Somersetshire, who appears 
to have suffered on 20th July, 1587, I shall, in the second 
part, supply some interesting details unknown to the faithful 
chronicler Dr. Challoner. 



p 2 



68 ACCOUNT OF CATHOLIC 



CHAPIER VIII. 

SOME ACCOUNT OF CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN SOMERSETSHIRE. 

AuDLKY, Lord Castlehaven. — ^The family of Tuchet, orTouchet, 
is very ancient in this county. William was summoned to 
Parliament as the first Baron Audley from 1299 to 1306. 

Mervyn, the ninth Lord Audley, and second earl of Castle- 
haven, succeeded his father George* in 1617. I find him 
presented by the House of Commons, on 27th April, 1624, 
as a Papist recusant. — (See Journals Com. vol. i. p. 776.) But 
shortly after he proved a disgrace to the religion of his fore- 
fathers by his open apostasy at the Salisbury assizes, and 
by his disgusting and atrocious crimes, for which he was 
deservedly attainted and executed on Tower-hill, 14th May, 
1631. Dodd, in his "Church History," vol. iii. p. 167, 
gives the following account of this unfortunate peer, from 
the pen of Mr. Smith, — probably Rev. William Smith, S.J., 
chaplain at Wardour, who died 13th September, 1658, set. 
sixty-four : — 

'* My lord of CasUehsven first fell from his faith to be married with 
this woman that accused him. That morniDg he first went to church, 
one of his coach-horses killed the coachman before they set out. The 
first niffht he lay with this woman he was taken with a lameness on 
one side. The first time he brought his lady to Suntill (Fon thill) 
House, part of the house was set on fire, and Mr. Smith was sent out 
for an Agnua Dd to auench it. At Salisbury, where my lord at the 
assizes openly abjured his religion, the bill was first found against him 
that cut off his head." 

Two of his servants, accomplices of his abominations, 
were hanged. The woman here mentioned was his second 
wife, Anne, daughter of Ferdinando, earl of Derby, and 
relict of Orey, Lord Chandos. He married her at Harefield, 
22nd July, 1624. By his first wife, Elizabeth (Bamham), 
he left three sons, — James, who was restored to blood 3rd 
June, 1643, by King Charles I., and who had been reported 
to the House of Commons on 20th November, 1641, as '^ a 

* Bv marrying Lucy, daughter of Sir James Mervyn, he got the 
Fonthul estate, in Wilts. His second wife, Ann Noel, was a generous 
benefactor to St. Bonaventure's Convent at Douay, lftl8. 



FAMILIES OF SOMERSETSHIRE. 69 

recusant, whose person ought to be secured/' Fortunately, 
he had reached Ireland about Michaelmas that year^ as we 
learn from his remonstrance, printed at the end of Dr. Curry's 
''Historical and Critical Review of the Civil Wars in Ireland." 
This noble lord closed a life of persecution at Kilrush, in 
CO. Kildare^ on 11th October, 1684. His brother Gteorge, a 
professed Benedictine, of Douay convent, of whom more 
in the biographical account, was appointed chaplain to Queen 
Catherine, at Somerset House, in 1671. The third son. 
Colonel Mervyn Touchet, succeeded his brother James, and 
had married Mary, youngest daughter of John Talbot, tenth 
earl of Shrewsbury, and relict of Charles Arundell, Esq. 

Elizabeth, countess of Castlehaven, a daughter of Henry, 
fifth Lord Arundell, and relict of James, sixth earl, was 
buried at St. Pancras in 1743. In 1777 the title of Castle- 
haven was extinct, by failure of issue male. The family 
seems to have had larger possessions in Wilts than in Somer- 
setshire. It is cheering to know that Pyhouse is now 
returned into Catholic hands. 

The Waldegraves had long been established at Chewton, 
in Somersetshire. I read in Machyn's Diary, which Strype 
afterwards copied into his " History of the Reformation,^'— 

"April 22, 1661, Sir Edward Walgrave" (incorrectly called Henry 
by Dodd), '* knight — who was a great officer in Queen Mary's 
court, and a Privy Counsellor, — and his lady were carried to the 
Tower. It was for hearing Mass, having a popish priest in their 
house. This knight and his lady had the character of very good alms- 
foikes, in respect, no doubt, of Uieir great liberality to the poor. Sep- 
tember 1, 1561, Sir Edward Walgrave, who was brought to the Tower 
last April, dyed there. His confinement was thought to be the cause 
of his death. He was much swoln. The 3rd dav of September 
he was buried in the quire of the Tower church beside the altar 
by torch liffht, and the sixth day the Lady Walgrave came out of 
the Tower.'^ 

Sir Henry Waldegrave, the fourth baronet, was made 
baron of Chewton by King James II., 20th January, 1686, 
but died at Paris three yeai's later, leaving a son and heir, 
James, second Baron Waldegrave of Chewton. This noble- 
man abjured the religion of his forefathers about the year 
1723, and in consequence was loaded with perishable honours 
and titles, of which death stripped him 11th April, 1741, at 
Navestock, Essex. On his death-bed, alluding to his taking 
the oaths of supremacy and abjuration, he put his hand to 
his tongue, and, to the terror of the bystanders, made use of 
this exclamation : '* This bit of red rag has been my damna- 
tion.^' This anecdote I have repeatedly heard from the late 



70 ACCOUNT OP CATHOLIC 

Thomas Taunton^ Esq., a gentleman of most retentive 
memory and unimpeachable veracity * He had received it 
from his aunt, Ann Taunton, who died in 1788, «t. eighty- 
seven, and whose sister, Orace Taunton, died in 1760, «t. 
eighty-two, and was wife to Mr. Dillon, then his lordship's 
steward. 

Sir William Waldegrave, M.D. (physician to the queen of 
King James II.), was returned by the College of Physicianfl, 
1st July, 1689, as a Papist.f 

Cottingtons. — Sir Francis Cottington, whom Lord Claren- 
don describes as '^ a very wise and prudent man, well versed 
in business of all kinds, and oi a sedateness of temper much 
to be admired, and spoke and understood the Spanish, French, 
and Italian languages,^' was created baron of Hanworth, co. 
Middlesex, 10th Jaly, 1631, and was of Godmanston, in 
Somersetshire. At what precise period he was reconciled to 
the Church I cannot discover. His estates were sold by the 
Rump Parliament on 16th July, 1651. His lordship died 
most piously at Valladolid, 19th June, 1652, at. seventy-four. 
For twenty-seven years his body lay in the Jesuits' church 
there, whence it was removed to Westminster Abbey by 
Charles, his nephew and heir. The title died with his lord-i 
ship. Charles, his only son, by his lady, Anne Meredith, 
at whose baptism, at Hanworth, King Charles I. assisted 
with the duke of Buckingham and the marchioness of Hamil- 
ton, 2l8t July, 1628, dying eight years later in vitd patria, 

* This venerable gentleman, of whom the Catholic body might be 
justly proud, was l^rn 9th June, 1745, at Veres Wotton, near Brid- 
port, and died 17th March, 1828, at Axminster, where he had a good 
property, as well as in Somersetshire. His exemplary lady (Margaret) 
preceded him to the erave with all his children, but Theresa, who 
married Charles Knight, of Cannington, Esq. 

t The following is communicated by my friend Dr. Munk, of London. 
" College of Phydcians, 

** 1679, March 29. — An order from Parliament to the College to 
retnm the names of all * Papists,' and eject them from the College. 

** 1679, April 4. — Notice in consequence sent to Dr. John Betts and 
Dr. Thomas Short. 

" 1689, July 1. — List returned by the College to the House of Lords 
of Papists, reputed Papists^ and criminals : — 

^Papists: John Betts, M.D. ; Sir William Walgrave ; Charles 
Conquest, M.D. ; Ferdinando Mendez, M.D. ; Edward Betts, M.D. 

*' Criminals, or reputed criminals : Robert Gray, M.D. ; John 
EUioti^ M.D. 

'«1692, October 26.~Dr. Betts (John) to lose his place in the 
CoUege, if he did not take the oath of allegiance." 



FAMILIES IN SOMERSETSHIRE. 71 

i?as buried at Han worth 27th July^ 1636; the two daugh- 
ters, Frances and Ann, had been buried there before their 
brother. 

Cliffords. — To this family I have alluded in page 60, 
where I mentioned their manor of Cannington, and pre- 
viously in page 22. To illustrate the history of. this ancient 
and religious family I must reserve a distinct volume. 

The Stackers had a mansion-house near Chilcompton 
church, about a mile distant from Downside College. One 
of them had to compound for his estate with the Rump 
commissioners about the year 1651. I suspect F. Augustine 
Stoker, O.S.B., who died in London 18th August, 1668, 
was his kinsman. And I think that it was one of this family 
who told F. William Weston, as related in his Latin Auto- 
biography, that at the plunder of Glastonbury he secured 
one of the nails, twelve inches long (with its case), which had 
been used at Christ's crucifixion. The nail itself, the instru- 
ment of wonderful cures, he was compelled to surrender to 
Sishop Jewell several years later; what became of it in the 
sequel he never learned. From this family, I suspect, came 
the piece of the true cross which F. Peter Wamford, O.S.B., 
obtained (ob. 2l8t August, 1657), and which was kept by 
the dean of the Bosary in London. — (See Weldon's MS. 
p. 176.) Perhaps the precious relic of our Saviour's thorn 
came from the same quarter. Both, I believe, are now at 
Downside. — See also F. Lorymer's Letter in Cath. Miscellany 
for 1824, p. 75. 



72 THE MISSIONS IX UriLTSHIKE. 



CHAPTER IX. 



THE MISSIONS IN WILTSHIRE. 



The state of religion in every conntry materially depends 
on the example and encouragement of the landed proprietors. 
This was peculiarly the case before commerce had introduced 
the more equal distribution of science^ wealthy and independ- 
ence. Formerly, a middle clas9, perhaps the most important 
link in the chain of society, could hardly be recognized in 
England: the few hereditary rich and the very numerous 
poor constituted the body of the nation ; and in this state of 
things, after the Reformation and suppression of monasteries, 
if the lord of a district stood forth the protector of religion, 
the neighbourhood adhered to their ancient faith ; but as he 
and his family withdrew their fostering care, the ranks of the 
faithful sensibly diminished, until in many parts scarcely a 
vestige could be traced of ancient piety. 

The Catholics of Wiltshire too soon forgot their religion, 
and rapidly exchanged their faith for the Bieformed doctrines. 
The leading men of the county, the Herberts, and other cor- 
morants of church property, were too subservient to the 
views of the Court to attend to anything but their own 
aggrandizement ; their study was not to encourage, but to 
extinguish and annihilate Catholicity in the county. But 
God, in his mercy, kept up the light of faith in a few favoured 
spots, as I am going to show, and the prospect is brightening 
upon us. 

Wardaurj the seat of the Arundells, was the focus of 
Catholicity in the county of Wilts. In its castle, until dis- 
mantled by its owner to prevent its being made a fortress for 
the king's enemies, religion had taken up her resting-place. 
And under its ruins, commonly called Old Wardour, the 
pious zeal of the famUy provided an oratory and a priest to 
minister to the wants of the faithful. Years before the miti- 
gation of the penal laws, Henry, the eighth Lord Arundell, 
contemplated the erection of a splendid church, ninety-five 
feet long in the interior, forty feet wide, and as many in 
height. Quarenghi, a subject of Venice, and the happiest 
imitator of Palladio, had been employed to furnish the design. 



THE MISSIONS IN WILTSHIRE. 73 

as I find by a letter of F. John Thorpe^ dated 9th March, 
1774. This admirable place of divine worship was blessed 
by Bishop Walmesley 81st October, 1776 ; and on the next 
day, the feast of All Saints, was opened with a pomp unpire- 
cedented since the restoration of Catholic faith in the reign 
of Queen Mary of England. The congregation of Wardour 
was long considered to be the lai^est out of London, and I 
believe has furnished more Catholic servants than any other. 
For the accommodation of the family and visitors, the side 
galleries of the sanctuary were designed by Sir J. Soane. 
But no correct idea of the beauty of the whole structure 
and its appendages can be conceived, without the fullest 
inspection. 

A large school for the congregation has been provided by the 
family. The late zealous pastor, the Rev. James Laurenson, 
by his active industry succeeded in forming the spacious and 
convenient cemetery, which was opened for the reception of 
an infant (Elias Peter Burton) on 1st January, 1836, with 
imposing solemnity, and to the unfeigned satisfaction and 
joy of all friends of religion. 

Bonham, — In p. 60 I have cursorily noticed this ancient 
mission, founded by the illustrious house of Stourton. 

Odstock. — For more than two centuries this was the pro* 
perty of the Webb family, who maintained a priest. It was 
sold by Sir John Webb to the second Lord Radnor. The 
faithful, about fifty in number, were dispersed in conse- 
quence, or merged into the Salisbury mission. 

Salisbury. — Within a century back, Thomas, brother of 
Henry, the eighth Lord Arundell, settled himself at Salisbury 
and kept a domestic chaplain. He died in 1781. In the 
sequel an emigrant French priest, the Rev. Nicholas Begin, 
established himself there, and made himself much respected 
by all classes. At the end of more than thirty years' service, 
he died in that city, on 16th March, 1826. The chapel, 
however, was indifferent, when the energetic zeal of Mr. 
Lambert, a respectable and talented member of the congre- 
gation, who had spent his early life at Wardour, was enkindled 
to raise an edifice worthy of religion. In a convenient site, 
he procured Bishop UUathome to lay the foundation-stone 
of the present church of St. Osmund, on 8th April, 1847, and 
it was consecrated with imposing solemnity on 6th Sep- 
tember, 1848, by the same prelate, recently promoted to the 
see of Birmingham, on his way to consecrate, at Clifton, his 
grand vicar. Dr. Hendren, who had been appointed to the see 
of Uranopolis and Y.A. of the Western District. This was 
performed four days later. 



74 THE MISSIONS IN WILTSHIRE. 

It is cheering to learn that Chippenham^ is served from 
Bath^ Swindon from Fairford^ and WiUmry Park from Salis- 
bury. May they soon be improved into regular missions ! 

I am not aware that Wilts was stained with Catholic blood 
on the scaffold. In an ancient MS. I found that a '^ Mr. 
Green and Thomas Lynch were imprisoned for the Catholic 
faith^ and died in Sarum jail about the year 1585.^' 

I have seen an original document^ entitled '' The Create 
Rolle of Thexcheq' for y* year of 5 Lord MDLVII/' that 
the tenants and occupiers of the lands and estate of Thomas 
Oawen, of Norrington^ county Wilts^ had to appear before 
the Receiver-General. The roll sets forth that Thomas 
Gawen^ Esq.^ was seized^ for the term of his life^ of the manor 
and farm of Norrington and Trowe^ in Wilts, of the yearly 
value of 400/.; as also of the messuage and farm called 
Hurdcott House, in the said county, of the yearly value of 
160/. That he had been sequestered for Popish recusancy in 
two-thirds of the said rents ; viz., in the sum of 373/. 6«. 8rf. 
from the 31st day of July, 1647, until his death, which took 
place on 1st June, 1656. 

My late friend Charles Bowles, of Shaftesbury, Esq., in 
his excellent description of the Hundred of Chalk for Sir 
Richard Hoare's " History of Modem Wiltshire," informs us, 
p. 30, that Thomas Gkiwen, the father, by an inquisition taken 
in the forty-third year of Queen Elizabeth (1601), pursuant 
to the statute of the twenty-eighth year of her reign, was 
fined in a sum not less than 1,380/., for having absented 
himself from going to his own parish church for sixty-six 
months, at the rate of twenty-eight days in the month, end- 
ing the 16th of October, 1591 ; and was further fined in the 
sum of 120/. imder the same Act, for not then having made 
his submission and become conformable, according to the 
said Act. Nor was this all, for it was by the same Inquisi- 
tion found that he was a Popish recusant, and two parts out 
of three of the clear annual value of all his estates were 
seized for the Queen's use ! 

I think that the confessor, who died 1st June, 1656, had 
removed to an estate he had at Horsington, coimty Somerset, 
on which also the fangs of English Law had fastened with 
vampire ferocity. His daughter Frances (sister?), first 
abbess of the English Benedictines at Cambray, had died 
7th May, 1640. 

* John Hungerford Pollen, of Rodboume, Esq.^ erected a chapel 
here» opened 22nd August, 1855. It is dedicated to our Lady. The 
founder intends to appropriate it for a Catholic school, when he builds 
a suitable edifice for solemn worship. 



CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN WILTSHIRE. 75 



CHAPTER X. 

AN ACCOUNT OV THE CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN WILT8UIBE. 

The first in property and influence was certainly the 
Arundells, the Lords of Wardour — where John Lord Lovell 
was empowered by King Richard II. to erect a castle in 1392. 
— (See Calend. Rot. Patent.) Bat the first of the family who 
settled at Wardour was Sir Thomas Arundell, the younger 
son of Sir John Arundell^ of Lanheme^ knight^^ by his wife 
Eleanor Gr^. His grandfather. Sir Thomas Arundell, Knt., 
who made his will 3rd October, 1485, had married Catherine, 
fourth daughter of John Lord Dynham, who eventually 
became a great co-heiress. 

Prom Hooker's MS., belonging to the Corporation of 
Exeter, I learn that this youn^^ brother, Sir Thomas Arundell, 
was one of the royal commissioners for the suppression of 
religious houses in the west of England. He had been 
steward to the magnificent Abbey of Shaftesbury, founded 
by the immortal Alfred ; and the Originalia prove how boun- 
tifully Henry VIII. rewarded him with a share of its vast 
possessions.f In command now of an ample fortune, he was 
enabled to purchase Wardour of Sir Fulke Greville. But he 
enjoyed this property a very short time. On 16th October, 
1551, he was arrested as an accomplice in the conspiracy of 
Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset; on very insufficient 

* This Sir John Arundell died in London 8th February, 86th of 
Henry VIII., 1545, and was buried in St. Mary's Woolnoth. See 
Weever's Fun. Mon. p. 411. His elder son and executor, John, died 
24th March, 1558. N.B. The reader must be aware that Domesday 
Survey shows that Rog:er de Arundell was granted large estates in 
Dorset and Somerset ; and that by the marriage of Alice de Connerton, 
an heiress to Sir Ueinfrid Arun<{ell, Knight, about 1250, the Cornish 
property accrued to the family. 

t Cardinal Pole, on 24th December, 1554, had published the Dis- 
pensation of Pope Julius III., by which neither possessors of moveable 
or immoveable goods of the church should ever be liable to ecclesiastical 
censures for detaining or not restoring them. By this decree all power 
of pronouncing a different judgment is taken awav for ever. And lei 
it be said to the eternal honour of the Englbh Catholic clergy, regular 
and secular, that thev volunteered this perpetual sacrifice to peace and 
social happiness, and supplicated the cardinal to proclaim this measure 
at once so tranquillizing, conciliatory, and beneficial. 



76 ACCOUNT OF CATHOLIC 

eyidence he was condemned to death by decapitation, on 
Tower Hill, 26th February, 1552; and his estates were for- 
feited to the Crown. His widow, Margaret, daughter and 
6o-heir of Edward, the third son of Thomas Duke of Norfolk, 
survived him nineteen years; her remains were deposited 
in Tisbury church, which became the mausoleum of the 
Arundell family. 

At the accession of Queen Mary, she graciously restored 
to Sir Matthew, the elder son of the late Sir Thomas Arundell, 
the greater part of the forfeited property ; and he repurchased 
of William, Earl of Pembroke, '' a man of a daring nature, 
boisterously bold, and who had mightily raised himself by 
the fall of abbies'* (Heylyn, p. 112, Hist, of Edward VI.), 
the lordship and castle of Wardour, granted to him by King 
Edward YI., the earl accepting the manor of Fovant in ex- 
change. On recovering the castle. Sir Matthew placed on 
its east front the following lines : — 

** Gentis Arundellies Thomas, Lanhemiee Proles 
Junior, hoc meruit prima sedere loco. 
Ut sedii, cecidit ; sine crimine plectitur llle 
Insons : Insontem fata secuta probant. 
Nam, quee Patris erant, Matthsns filius emit, 
Empta anxit, studio Principis aucta manent, 
Comprecor, aucta diu maneaut, augenda peraevum. 
Hcec dedit, eripuit, restituitque Deus." 

I found the following translation in the handwriting of 
Henry, the eighth Lord Arundell : — 

** Here branch of Arundell's Lanheruian Race 
Thomas first sat : and he desei-ved the place. 
He sat and fell : Merit the fatal crime. 
And Heav*n, to mark him faultless, bless'd his. line. 
Matthew his offspring, as the father great 
And happier in his prince, r^ain'd the seat 
Confirm'd, enlarged, long may its fortune stand ; 
His care who gave, resumed, restored the land.'* 

The reader will think a much better version might be given. 

The other brother of Sir Matthew was Charles, who quitted 
England in the summer of 1583, and died 9th December, 
1587. F. Robert Persons, who knew him well, speaks thus 
of this worthy character : — . 

** Mr. Charles Arondel, brother to Sir Matthew Arondel, after many 
years continued in the court of England ; after he saw things grow to 
that extremity as no Catholick man might be sufiered to live with his 
conscience, he went into voluntary banuhment : and afterwards, for his 
devotion, he went to visit the holy places of Rome, and from thence he 
passed to see the king of Spaine (Philip 11.), and do his duty unto 
hun : for that he WMois godfather at the time of his being in England, 



FAMILIES IN WILTSHIRE. 11 

and gare him the name of hu father Charles^ the emperor; and now 
received him with great love and favour, and made him Mght^ and 
besides other ffifts, assigned him also four score French crowns everv 
month towards his maintenance. But Sir Charles returning afterwanu 
to Paris lived very little while, but gave up his ghost most godly to his 
Creator.** 

Sir Matthew Arundell died in 1598, leaving, by Ids wife 
Margaret (Willoughby), an only son, Thomas, who may be 
justly ranked amongst the heroes of his time. 

This Thomas, known by the title of the Valiant, had been 
committed to prison by Queen Elizabeth in the summer of 
1580, for his zeal in the Catholic cause : ** He had been 
amongst the first,'^ writes F. Persons, ''that refused to go 
to the Protestant church.'' On regaining his liberty he 
obtained permission to travel abroad, and entering the Aus- 
trian service under the Archduke Matthias, brother to the 
Emperor Rhodolphus II., had immortalized himself* bj 
eminent deeds of bravery against the Ottomans. Amongst 
other acts of daring, at the siege of Oran, or Strigonium, he 
was the first to enter the breach, on 7th September, 1595,* 
to scale the walls of the citadel, to pull down, with his own 
hand, the Turkish crescent, and plant the Imperial eagle 
in its place. For such military prowess, the emperor created 
him and his posterity counts of the Roman empire, on 14th 
December, 1595 ; a translation of the letters patent I made 
for the "Catholic Spectator" of November, 1826. 

** RoDOLPH TUB Skconb, by the favour of the Divine clemency always 
august, elected emperor of the Roman Empire and Germany, king of 
Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia* Sclavonia, &c., archduke of 
Austria, duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Etiria, Carinthia, Carniola, &C.9 
marquess of Moravia, &c., duke of Lucenburgh, and of Higher and 
Lower Silesia, Wirtemburgh, &c., prince of Suevia, count of Haps- 
burgh, Tyrol, Kyburg, and Groritia, landgrave of Alsatia, marquess of 
Bnrgovia, of th*e Sacred Roman Empire, and of Higher and Lower 
Lusatia, &c., lord of the marouisate of Sclavonia, &c. To our illus- 
trious and sincerely beloved Thomas Arundell, count of the Sacred 
Roman Empire, our imperial favour and everything that is good. 
Whereas we, according to our innate benign disposition, and the cle- 
mency and example of the immortal Goa, who showers down in a 



* In the Imperial and in the Esterhazy collection is a gold medal, 
struck in memory of the capture of Strigonium. The Archduke 
Matthias is represented on the obverse in the hussar dress, and holding 
the baton in nis right hand. The circular inscription is *' mattias. 

D. O. ARCHID. AUST. BTO. SUPR. BXSRC. BBL. IN. HUN. INFER. DUX.** 

In the exeigue below the horse, ** militbmus. 1601." On the reverse 
appears the town, with the besieging army before it Below, 

^STRIOO. PAN. 1595 
SEP. 7." 



78 ACCOUNT OF CATHOLIC 

eepiotta manner the abundance of his heavenly liberality on mankind, 
after that by hb Divine Majesty we were called and raised up to this 
human majesty and the height of the imperial dignity, have nothing 
more at heart (in order that the renown of our empire may be rendered 
more conspicuous and illustrious) than that our munificence may be 
fully extended and exercised towards all those whose bravery and 
fidelity deserve it ; yet we think it highly necessarv that a diligent and 
singular regard be had that a proper distinction be observed in conferring 
rewards, honours, and dignities on men's deserts, namely, that one 
may be distinguished from another by some higher d^;rees of honour ; 
that those who are more nobly descended, who by their brave and illus- 
trious actions and their regard to virtue, and hy^ strenuously exerting 
themselves for the good of their country and their princes, greatly add 
to those virtues derived from their ancestors, should be Mvanoed to 
higher d^p^es of honour and dignity : for thus a due observance of 
justice and equitv is maintained, and the minds of others by their 
illustrious examples are excited to a becoming emulation of virtue and 
glory. Taking therefore into consideration your ancient and illustrious 
descent^ which (as 1 am assured by a letter from the most serene 
princess and lady Elizabetli, queen of England, France, and Ireland, 
our sister and cousin) in the renowned kingdom of England is derived 
from the royal blood ; and those eminent virtues likewise, by which 
you render the splendor of your family more illustriousi both at home 
and abroad : Whereas yonr first care was to furnish your mind with 
the knowledge of all good and useful literature ; vou have travelled 
foreign countries, have seen many different cities ana their customs, by 
which you have acauired much advantage : Whereas, finally, yon have 
come at so great a aistance into Hungary at your own expence (excited 
thereto by a singular and unusual zeal) to bear arms under us in this 
sacred war which we wage against the Turk, the common enemy of the 
Christian name, and have behaved yourself with such undaunted 
bravery, both in the open field and in besieging cities and camps, as to 
be held in general admiration ; and we have received more ample testi- 
monies in your favour from the most Serene Prince Archduke Matthias 
our dear brother, and from the commanding officers of our army this 
eminent instance of your bravery : amongst others, being observed tliat 
in the be»eging of the lower town, near Gran^ you with your own hand 
took the harnner from the tower ^ and during the engagement placed yourself 
in the front of the a/rmy^ which eminent services we would by no means 

Sass by without bestowing upon you and your legitimate posterity some 
istinguishing mark of our favour. Out of our motion, therefore, ^m 
our certain knowledge, with a well deliberate mind, and having taken 

g roper counsel thereon, we, by our full imperial authority and power, 
ave created, made, and nominated you, the aforesaid Thomas Arundell 
(who before this time derive from your ancestors in England the con- 
sanguinity of counts), and all and eveiy of your children, heirs, and 
legitimate descendants of both sexes already bom, or that hereafter shall 
be, true counts and countesses of the Sacred Roman Empire, and we 
have granted and ennobled you with the title, honour, and dignity of 
counts of the empire, as by the tenor of these presents we do create, 
make, nominate, grant, and ennoble, willing and firmly and expressly 
decreeing, by this our imperial patent, which will be always in force, 
that you, the aforesaid Tnomas Arundell, with all and every of your 
children and legitimate posterity, both male and female, for ever, do, 
have, possess, and assume for ever the title, style, and dignity of counts 
of the empire, and that you be honoured, called, and styled by that 
title both in writing and speaking, in things spiritual and temporal, eccle- 



FAMILIES IN WILTSHIRE. 79 

siaflfical and profane. And, finally, that you freely, and without any 
impediment, use, enjo^, obtain, and partake of all and every of the 
honouzB, ornaments, dignities, grants, liberties, privileges, rights, ancient 
customs, pre-eminences and prerogatives, which our other counts of the 
Sacred Roman Empire enjoy, use, and partake of, law or custom not 
making any impediment, or requiring anything contrary to these : and 
if there were uiy such laws or customs, particular and express mention 
ought to be maae in these presents : All and every of which imnedi- 
ments. We do by our imperial authority knowingly make void, ana will 
and declare to be sufficiently void hj these presents (so that the rights 
and privileges of the most serene Prmcess Elizabeth, Queen of England, 
France, and Ireland, our most dear sister and cousin, remain safe and 
secure). Let no one therefore, of whatever degree, state, order, con- 
dition, or dignity, or whatever high rank or station he may be of, 
revoke, or, by any rash attempt, contradict this our confirmation, 
ratification, approbation, corroboration, eicecution, will, favour, and 
decree. Whosoever shall do this, let him know by these presents, that 
he, ipsofado^ incurs our very severe displeasure, and that of the Sacred 
Roman Empire, and that he shall likewise be fined in the penalty of 
one hundrM marks of pure gold, half of which we decree to be paid 
into our imperial treasury, and the other to be paid and applied for the 
use of the imured (without the least hopes of pardon or remission). In 
testimony of these letters we have subscribed our hand, and fixed our 
imperial seal. Given at our royal palace at Prague, the 14th day of 
December, in the year of our Lord 1695 ; in the 21st year of our reign 
of the empire, of Hungary the 24th, of Bohemia the 2l8t.*' 

In tlie interesting preface to " The Divine Pedagogue/* 
printed in London, 8vo., I read, p. 412, "bis very name 
oecame as dreadful to the Turks, as that of Talbot* was 
formidable to the French/' The new count returned home 
in the following year : he had subscribed £100 (a consider- 
able sum in those days) towards repelling the Spanish 
armada, in which noble effort of national defence, the 
English Catholics were as conspicuous as their Protestant 
brethren. But the queen, with her characteristic littleness 
of soul, objected to his using his well-earned title, " NoUem 

* This English Achilles has been immortalized by our dramatic 
Bard :— 

^ Valiant Talbot above human thought 
Enacted wonders with his sword and lance. 
Hundreds he sent to hell, and none durst stand him : 
Here, there, and everywhere enraged he flew. 
The French exclaim'd, * The devil was in arms ! ' 
All the whole army stood agaaed on him. 
His soldiers spying his undaunted spirit, 
* A Talbot ! ' « A Talbot ! * cried out amain ; 
And rush'd into the bowels of the battle." 

Nash exclaims, "How would it have joyed brave Talbot, the terror of 
the French, to thinke, that after he had'layen 200 yeare in his toomb 
he shonld triumph again on the stage ; and have his bones new em- 
balmed with the tears of 10,000 spectators at least, who in the tragedian, 
thai represents his person, imagine they b^old him fresh bleeding." 



80 ACCOUNT OF CATHOLIC 

oves meas alieno stigmate inuri^ nolim alieni pastoris sibilum 
sequi/'— (Camden's "Annals of Elizabeth/' 1596.) Her 
successor^ King James I., thought differently^ and graciously 
elevated this illustrious subject to the dignity of the peerage^ 
by the style and title of Baron Arundell^ of Wardour^ on 4th 
May^ 1605. Yet Charles I. commenced his reign by disarm- 
ing the gallant hero, because he was a Catholic. — (See 
Rushworth's " Histor. Col./' vol. i. p. 194.) This noble lord 
was rewarded with a death precious in the sight of God^ on 
7th November, 1639, set. seventy-nine. His beautiful por- 
trait, taken by Vandyke four years before, may be seen at 
Wardour. He was twice married ; first, to Mary, daughter 
of Henry, earl of Southampton, a stanch Boman Catholic, — 
^'Bomanse religion! si quis alius devotus," as Camden 
describes him (" Annales/' 1583) ; and, secondly, to Ann 
Phillipson, who died 28th June, 1637. To this Lady Ann, 
'* The Draught of Eternity/' by Camus, bishop of Bellay, 
as translated by the Bev. Miles Carr, was dedicated. 

Thomas, the eldest son"^ of this first Lord ArundeU, 
inherited the title and estates with the virtues of his heroic 
father. At the beginning of the troubles between King 
Charles I. and his Parliament, the factious House of Com- 
mons, in November, 1641, issued directions to secure his 
person; but he escaped apprehension; and when the royal 
standard was erected at Nottingham, 22nd August, 1642, his 
lordship raised a regiment of horse, and bravely maintained the 
cause of his uufortunate sovereign. It is said in the inscrip- 
tion at Wardour, that he died of his wounds at Oxford, on 
19th May, 1643, aged fifty-six ; and this derives confirmation 
from the brass that I copied in the sacristy of Wardour 
chapel, formerly, it seems, affixed to his lordship's coffin. 

, Depositum 

Inclytissimi Nobilissimiqtie 
Dni D&i Thomis Arundell 
Baronis Arundell de Castro 
Warderensi in Agro Wilto- 
niensi in An^lia, et Comitis 

Sacrosancti Romani 
Imperii, qui dum fidele 
Obsequium suum Carolo 
Regi prestitit^ Oxonii 
Morte Bublatus fuit, 19 
die meusis Mail, A&o Dni 
1643. 



* The second son, William, was a colonel in the king's armv. His 
portrait, by P. Longsing, may be seen in the dining-room at Wardour. 
In pulling down part of Uie old house at Bruton, a brass plate, 



PAM1LIE8 IN WTLTSHIFE. 81 

If this date be correct, the received report, that he was shot 
in the thigh with a brace of bullets at the battle of Lans- 
down, and carried off to the city of Oxford, where he died 
shortly after, must be erroneous ; for that battle was fought 
on 5th July, 1643. I suspect that his wounds were received 
at Beading, in April that year. 

The learned Franciscan writer. Dr. Richard Mason 
(Angelus k S. Francisco, who died 30th December, 1678, 
aet. seventy-eight, prof, forty-eight, sac. forty-four), in his 
excellent work, " The Liturgical Discourse,** extols the noble 
lord*s piety and devotion to the holy sacrifice of the altar. 

His lordship married Blanche, sixth daughter of Edward 
Somerset, fifth earl and second marquis of Worcester, of 
whom it has often been observed, that ''England did not 
possess a more discreet or faithful subject ; and that if the 
king had been ruled by his counsels, he might have pre- 
served both his life and his crown.*' This lady, worthy of 
such a Catholic father, has signalized her memory by her 
spirited defence of Wardour Castle during nine days, against 
the overwhelming force under the command of Sir Edward 
Hungerford and William Strode. The articles of capitula 
tion were signed on 8th May, 1643.* She followed her 
lord to the grave, 28th October, 1649, aet. sixty-eight. Hei 
death occurred at Winchester. 

The third baron, called Henry, was the only son of the 
noble Lord Arundell, that victim of his loyalty. The authoi 
of " The Liturgical Discourse,** above mentioned, informs us, 
that Henrietta Maria, the illustrious daughter of Henry IV. 
of France, and queen of our sovereign, Charles I., had 
appointed him master of the horse. Treading in the foot- 



probably once attached to a coffin, was found early in 1701, thus 
inscribed : — 

" The body of Mary, Lady St. John, wife of the Lord St. John, eldest 
son of the Marquis of Winchester, and afterwards married to William 
Arundell, second son of the R*. Hon"* Tho' Lord Arundell of Wardour. 
Deceased November the xiii. Anno mdcxcii. and in the xcix. year of 
her age." 

N.B. Their sister Ann married Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore, 
but died, without issue, 2drd July, 1649, et 34. 

* The best account of this first siege may be found in the *' Mercurius 
Rnsticus ;" but of the second sieee, in Edmund Ludlow's Memoirs, 
▼ol. i., from page 59. ^ This Ludlow was appointed by Sir Edward 
Hungerford to he governor of Wardour CasUe, and discovered in one of 
its walls plate an'd jewels to the value of about £1,200. On his 
subsequent surrender of the castle (which had been sadly shaken and 
dismantled) in March, 1644, he gave up the plate to Lord Arundell for 
his civility " (Memoirs, p. 75). 

o 



82 ACCOUNT OP CATHOLIC 

steps of his honoured parents, he vigorouslj opposed the 
parliamentary forces. In March, 1644, he retook his castle 
of Wardour, which he reduced to a ruin, to prevent the 
rebels from ever converting it into a fortress. The declining 
cause of the king involved him in accumulated embarrass- 
ments. The above-mentioned author of "The Liturgical 
Discourse " commends his inflexible fidelity and devotion to 
his king and country, which "evidently appeared by your 
actions in the war, and sufferings after, having not only lost 
your blood in several battles, but yourself demolished that 
ancient and noble seat of Wardour Castle, the only habita- 
tion which the malice of the king's enemies had left you. 
And the war being ended, having for several years lain under 
a total sequestration of the profits, was forced to repurchase, 
with no less than five and thirty thousand pounds, your own 
estate, which, by the iniquities of those times, was adjudged 
forfeited for your loyalty to the crown." F. Weldon, 
also, in "The Divine Pedagogue," compares his lordship's 
afiSictions to those of Job, adding, " The rebels seized your 
children and virtuous lady (Cecily), — ^your plentiful stock of 
cattle was driven by the rabble, — your mansion-house taken 
and plundered by the enemy, — your estates exposed to sale 
before your face, — and yourself obliged to travel into foreign 
countries for a subsistence,^* But in all these disasters he 
was never heard to repine at the dispositions of Providence. 

I have seen a document entitled, "A Particular of the 
Estate late of Henry, Lord Arundel, of Warder, sold at 
Drury House." N.B. The purchaser was Humphrey Weld, 
Esq., but as a firiend in behaLf of his lordship. 

Ist April, 1653. — The manor of Melbniy Abbesse and 
Kingsdon, com. Dorset and Somerset, sold to Hum- 
phry Weld, gent., the purchaser, full paid £8,732 1 8f 

27th April, 1653. — The manor of Fountmill, co. Dorset, 
to H. Weld, first moiety 3,690 14 7 

22nd June, 165a--The manor of Sembley, CO. Wilts... 3,057 9 1 
„ „ ThemanorofBridsey, CO. Wilts ... 75113 6 

„ „ The manor of Tollard Royal, in co. 

Dorset and Wilte 1,692 16 6 

This lot sold to H. Weld, who paid the first moiety. 

Meere Park and Lodge, co. Wilts, sold the same day to 
Nicholas Green, Esq., who paid the first moiety ...... 275 15 3 

8th July, 1653.— Wardour Park, co. Wilts, to Weld, 

who paid first moiety 2,028 1 3 

15th July, 1653. — Messuages in Sutton Mandeville, co. 
Wilts, fo Weld, first moiety 319 H 

22nd July, 1653.— Manor of South Petherton, co. So- 
merset, to Humphry Weld, first moiety ......J 1,998 15 11 



FAMILIES IN WILT8HIUE. 83 

2^h July, 1663. — Manor of Godington, co. Oxen, to 

Weld, first moiety £1,065 10 

2nd Sept. 1663. — Manor of Somerton, co. Oxon 804 17 11 

„ „ Manor of Donhead, CO. Wilts 3,078 12 

Both paid by Weld, who paid the first moiettos. 
Several estates of his returned, but not proceeded upon, viz. : — 

Manor of Hasledonne, co. Wilts. 
Manor of Margarett Marsh, co. Dorset. 
Part of Manor of Chiltertavg, co. Somerset. 
Manor of Broadclist, co. Devon. 
Manor of Allcomsey, co. Somerset. 
Manor of Tisbury, co, Wilts. 
Manor of Anstey,* co. Wilt«. 
Manor of Langeritshill, co. Dorset. 
Rectory of Poundestocbe, Cornwall. 
Manor of Hampreston, co. Dorset. 
Manor of Milburv Osmond, co. Dorset. 
Several coppices in More Critchill, co. Dorset. 
Manor of dnislebourne, co. Dorset. 
Rectory of Chisleboume, co. Dorset. 

At the restoration of monarchy^ the noble lord recovered 
his property at the expense of £35^000. Now in possession 
of the means, he devoted himself to works of charity and 
benevolence. F. Weldon writes, in the work above quoted, 
that his lordship preserved thousands of the poor from 
starving, and that hundreds of the Irish nation were indebted 
to him for their lives. Such a loyalist and patriot was entitled 
to the grateful consideration of his sovereign, but King 
Charles II. forgot him in the days of his prosperity; nay, 
almost suffered him to become the martyred victim of the 
palpable forgeries and perjuries of TVus Oates, '^ the most 
infamous of mankind,^' as Hume describes him, or as Macaulay 
regards him, '^ as the falsest, the most malignant, and the 
most impudent being that ever disgraced the human form — 
the founder of the school of false witnesses.'' On that wretch's 
swearing that he had seen the commission to make him Lorol 
Chancellor, the old peer was hurried to the Tower in October, 
1678, where he was joined by the Catholic peers Earl Powis, 
Viscount Stafford, and Barons Petre and Belasyse. The death 
of the king released him from imprisonment in the sixth year 
of his confinement,t as Evelyn relates in his Memoirs, vol. i. 

* For some time a Catholic school was kept here. 

t In the early part of his imnrisonment he wrote a few small poems, 
printed in London in 1679. Ist. A Valediction to the World. 2nd. 
Persecution no Loss. Srd. On the text *<God chastiseth those whom 
He loves.'* 4th. Considerations before the Crucifix. 5th. Upon tlie 
Pains of Hell. 

o 2 



8i - ACCOUNT OP CATHOLIC 

p. 543. I think he was discharged on bail 12th February, 
1684. The ministers daring that disgraceful period of our 
annals were too cowardly to bring him to a public trial ; for 
few men possessed more spirit and penetration of character ; 
few could show such services to the crown, or knew better 
the secrets of the Cabinet. Perhaps, also, they were con- 
scious that he had prepared a powerful vindication, which is 
still extant. King James II. exerted himself to repair the 
abominable injustice of his deceased brother and sovereign.* 
In May, 1685, he procured his discharge from bail, made 
him a Privy Councillor,t and finally appointed him Keeper of 
the Privy Seal on 10th March, 1687. But he was doomed 
to sit in the Cabinet with disguised traitors, who had plotted 
the downfall of their too credulous king, to whom they had 
sworn inviolable fidelity. He survived the Revolution, and 

* Yet Macaulay, Hbt. of England, vol. ii. p. 47, represents him as 
unfriendly to moderate measures; as an old man rast sinking into 
** second childhood.'' 

t The amount of fees on being sworn of the Privy Council appears 
from the receipt dated 24th July, 1686, to have been £26. 

I copy the following important document from the original : — 

*' After our very hearty commendations to your lordship, it having 

E leased Almighty God, about ten of the clock this morning, to bless 
is Majesty and his Royal Consort, the Queene, with the birth of a 
hopeful! son, and his Majesty's kingdoms and dominions with a prince, 
his Majesty hath commanded us to signify the same to your lordship, 
and to pray and require you to cause notice thereof to be forthwith 
given by Proclamation or otherwise, as is usual throughout that island, 
and therebv to appoint Sundapr, the first of Jul v next, being the day 
set in his Majesty's Proclamation to be observed in this kingdome, as 
well for a Solemne Thanksgiving to Almighty God for this inestimable 
blessing, as for such other expressions of puhliaue rejoyceings suitable 
to this great occasion, as vour lordship shall judge fit. And so,-not 
doubting of your lordship s ready complyance herewith, wee bid you 
very heartily ifarewell. From y* Council Chamber in Whitehall, this 
10th day of June, 1688. 

** Your lordship's very loving friends, 

" Jeffreys, C. Sunderland, P. 

" Arundell, C. p. S. Powis. 
" Huntingdon. Craven. 

*' BbRKBLET. MiDDLIbTON." 

•« To y* Lord Jermyn, Gov' of Jersey. 

** John Nicholas." 

Endorsed, 

** To our very good Lord Thomas, Lord Jermin, Governor of his. 
Majesty's Island of Jersey, or in his absence to the Lieutenant- 
Grovemor, or other officer commanding in chief." 



FAMILIES IN >V1LTSHIRK. 85 

closed his lengthened career on the 28th December, 1694, on 
the very same day and hour when Mary, the consort of the 
unnatural King William III., breathed her last. Of this 
nobleman we may say, " he was a firm pillar to the Common- 
wealth, a faithful patron of the Catholic Church, a fair 
pattern to the British Court ; he lived to the welfare of his 
country, to the honour of his prince, and to the glory of his 
God.*' 

'In the dining-room at Wardour may be seen his portrait, 
and that of his wife Cecily, daughter of Sir Henry Compton, 
K.B., and relict of Sir John Fermor, knight. She died 
2l8t March, 1675, set. sixty-seven. Their daughter Cecily, 
a poor Clare at Rouen convent (colonized from Gravelines, 
1644),* survived until 13th June, 1717, at. eighty-two. Rel. 55. 
Her interesting portrait may be seen at Wardour. 

I now come to the fourth Lord^ Thomas Arundell, who 
had been one of the suite of Lord Castlemain in the embassy 
to Pope Innocent XI. in 1686. Notwithstanding the here- 
ditary services which his family had rendered to the Stuart 
dynasty, this nobleman was imder the necessity of soliciting 
as a *boon from Queen Anne's Privy Council, a licence to 
protect his coach and saddle horses from being seized by 
English law. In their gracious wisdom and condescension 
to a Papist, they granted him the following protection. At 
the top of the original licence is the seal of office, with the 
letters sigill. privi. conc. : — 

** Whereas humble suit hath been made to this Board, in behalf of 
the Right Honourable the Lord Amndell, of Wardour, in the county 
of Wilts, for licence to keep six coach-horses and four Baddle-horses, 
We do hereby licence and permit the said Lord Arundell to keep the 
said horses, which are not to be seized as horses belonging to Papists, 
till further order, provided that his lordship gives security, before one of 
her Majesty's justices of y* peace for the said county, that the said 
horses shall be forthcoming upon signification of her Ma*'* pleasure in 
that behalf. Whereof all persons concernM are to take notice, and 
govern themselves accordingly. Dated at the Council Chamber at 
St. James's, the 12th day of February, 1704. 

"Pembrokb, P. Kbnt. Radnor. Poulktt. 
"R. Fkbbebs. Granville. Cunnybsby." 

•* Lord Arundell, of Wardour." 

The document is thus indorsed in the noble lord's hand- 
writing : — 

•* My lycence for keeping horses." 



* Their church was dedicated in honour of Jesus, Mary, and Joseph, 
on 23rd May, 1607. 



86 ACCOUNT OF CATHOLIC 

His lordship married Margaret Spencer, and died 10th 
February, 1712. His brother Henry, who had taken to wife 
Mary Scrope, lived to the advanced age of eighty-eight, 
paying the debt of nature 9th August, 1721. 

The fifth Lord, Henry, enjoyed the title but fourteen years, 
dying 25th June, 1726. He had taken to wife Miss Eliza- 
beth Panton, of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, London ; but who 
lived not to become a peeress ; for she deceased 9th May, 
1700. His brother Thomas, a promising youth, was killed at 
the battle of the Boyne. 

The sixth Lord, Henry, married twice — ^first, Elizabeth 
Eleanora, daughter and heir of Baron Raymond Everard, of 
Petherd, county Tipperary, who died in 1730." Her ladyship 
ceased to live on 22nd May, 1728, set. thirty-five. Second, 
the Lady Ann Herbert, who died in September, 1757. Her 
tloble husband had preceded her to the grave on 29th June, 
1746, set. fifty-two. Their third son, James Everard, married 
Ann Wyndhara. 

Henry, the seventh Lord ArundeU, is entitled to special 
attention, from the circumstance of his marriage with Mary, 
daughter and heiress of Richard BellingArundell,of Lanbeme, 
Esq., which re-united the families, after a separation of two 
centuries. It may be proper here to state to the reader that 
Sir Richard Belling, son of Sir Hugh Belling, was a gifted 
lawyer, and became a leading member in the supreme council 
of the confederated Catholics at Kilkenny ; but was not the 
author of the " Yindicise Catholicorum Hibemiee,^' printed 
at Paris in 1650, which treats of Irish affairs from 1641 to 
1649. The real author of that volume was the Rev. John 
M'Callagham. This Sir Richard, by his wife, Margaret Butler 
(who died in 1635^ four years after her marriage), left at his 
death at Dublin, in 1677, two sons. Sir Richard and James. 
The latter adopted the military profession, and died in 1706; 
the former left Ireland, as I found by his own letter, in 1643. 
After a suitable education he went into France, where he 
probably rejoined his father, who returned to Ireland after 
the restoration, and recovered his estates through the interest 
of the Duke of Ormonde. Our junior followed the court, 
and became principal secretary to Queen Catherine, the eon- 
sort of King Charles II. In 1670 he married Mary, the 
younger daughter of Sir John Arundell, of Lanheme ; the 
elder daughter, Frances, married Sir John Giffard, of Borstal!, 
CO. Lincoln, Bart., and died in London without issue on 28th 
February, 1752.* 

• See Ai'i'ENDix No. IV. 



FAMILIES IN WILTSHIRE. 87 

In the notes of Henry^ the eighth Lord Arundell^ I read, 
"The anniyersary of Henry Lord Anindell, xny father, is 
12th September, 1756*' (he died in the thirty-eighth year of 
his age) ; " and of Mary Lady Arundell, my mother, 22nd 
March, 1769/' 

Henry, the eighth Lord Arundell^ and his brother Thomas, 
who died 2l8t July, 1781, were the happy issue of the united 
houses of Wardour and Lanheme. Henry entered St. 
Omer's College, by the name of Belling, on 16th August, 
1758, and finally left it, on 1st May, 1758. P. Charles 
Booth, S.J., accompanied him in his continental tour. This 
accomplished gentleman, on 81 st May, 1768, was united in 
holy wedlock to Mary Christina, only daughter and heiress of 
Benedict Conquest, of Houghton Conquest^ co. Bedford, and 
of Imham, co. Lincoln, Esq., by his wife, Mary, daughter of 
Thomas Markham, of Otterton, Notts, Esq.* In 1771, his 
lordship commenced the present stately mansion, upon a 
gentle eminence,t about a mile from the old castle, which 

* On the occasion of his lordship's marriage the following ode was 
addressed to him by the Rhetoricians of Bruges : — 

'^ Diva, Pindi quae regis ardua, 
Descende, nam qus te mora longius 
Retardet hierentem? & jubenti 
Carmen Arundblio canoris 

** Deprome nervis. Nunc resonos Hymen 
Tentare cantos, nunc pede libero 
Pulsare tellurem, & secundo 
Festa monet ceiebrare plausu. 

" Jam nuptiali luce micant lares, 
Jam pom pa Isto ducitur ordine, 
Conquesta jam victrix, marito 
Digna suo nova sponso prodit. 

^ Tnrba en ! procorum csetera patriae 
Sedes requirunt, ut Jovis armiger 
Crbtas^ue^ nomenque, & superbos 
Expbcuit titulos tionoruiu. 

** Mirata lenes eloquii sales^ 
Cultus(j[ae pulchri corporis & decus, 
Captiva deduci triumphat 
Nympha nov& decorata palm^. 

*^ Sic ambo longum Yiylte, mutuis 
Sincera jnncti pectora amoribus, 
Utroque sic dign& Parente 
Prole domum Superi secundent." 

t It was a large cornfield. I rem^nber to have heard old Noah 
Lever, who died at Wardour, 18th August, 1845, aged eighty-five, and 
had always lived there, relate that he was actually driving the plough 
over the site of the present mansion, when he was ordered to stop, as 
they were going to oig trenches in that direction. 



88 ACCOUNT OF CATHOLIC 

began to be partially inhabited^ on 6th October^ 1775; and 
into which the family was enabled to settle in the coarse of 
the ensuing twelvemonth. It is, indeed, a splendid pile, and 
a convenient family dwelling ; and as for the chapel, I can 
say from experience, that I have visited none that inspired 
such devotional feeling. This princely nobleman possessed 
refined taste and magnificent ideas, as his collection of 
paintings and rarities abundantly proves; his hospitality like- 
wise was unbounded. Unfortunately, his expenses far exceeded 
his income, and in his latter years he experienced the humi* 
liating vicissitudes of fortune. After a short illness, he 
departed this life at Wardour, 4th December, 1808, set. 
sixty-eight, and was buried in the family-vault of the noble 
chapel which he dedicated to Gh)d. His honoured widow 
retired in the summer of 1810 to Imham, where she closed 
her saintly life, on Sunday, 20th Jtme, 1813, «t. seventy. 
As the estates were devised in fee to her by her late lord, she 
settled on the Arundell family the Wardour property ; while 
to her surviving daughter, Eleanor, Lady Clifford, she 
assigned her property in Lincolnshire and Cornwall. 

By default of issue male, the title of ninth Lord Arundell 
descended to the late lord's cousin, James Everard Arundell, 
of Ashcombe, Esq., who had married, on 3rd February, 
1785, his cousin, Mary Christina, eldest daughter and 
coheir of the above-mentioned eighth lord; but who had 
died, on 14th February, 1805, at. forty, leaving a numerous 
offspring. He was the eldest son of the Honourable James 
Everard Arundell, by his wife Ann, the only child of John 
Wyndham, of Ashcombe, Wilts, Esq., by his wife Ann 
(Barber).* In 1814 his lordship disposed of Ashcombe 
(where he had kept a French priest) and several other 
estates, for the laudable purpose of discharging the heavy 
incumbrances which attached to the Wardour property. 
Perhaps, had he not contracted a second marriage, and had 
thus to make provision for another family, his laudable design 
would have been better accomplished. He died, 14th July, 
1817, act. fifty-four. His widow survived till November, 
1853, aet. seventy-three. 

I now come to the tenth lard, James Everard, eldest son 
of the ninth Lord. He was bom in London, 3rd November, 
1785, and received his early education at Stonyhurst, which 
he completed under an able tutor, I'Abbe Gossier, as I well 
remember. Whilst captain in the Buckinghamshire Militia, 

* This heiress of Robert Barber, of Ashcombe, Esq., died 20th June, 
1748, aged .51. 



FAMILIES IN WILTSHIRK. 89 

he formed an acquaintance with Lady Mary Grenville^ only 
daughter of George, first marquis of Buckingham, which 
ended in a marriage, on 26th February, 1811, of which there 
was no issue. They were, indeed, an example of conjugal life. 
This amiable and accomplished gentleman had lost his noble 
father-in-law full four years before the death of his own 
father, so that in coming to take possession of the Wardour 
property, he had but a gloomy prospect before him ; and it 
is only wonderful that he made such improvements in the 
house, grounds, farm-houses, and cottages. In a letter to 
me, preparatory to a journey to London, he thus movingly 
expressed himself. " To-morrow I set off for London with a 
heavy heart. It has no longer amusements and charms for 
me ; the trials I have undergone, no doubt for wise purposes, 
have subdued my spirits. My ambition and my only wish 
is, if it is the will of Providence, that I may have a compe- 
tence to enable me to live at Wardour, and protect the 
Catholic religion. God only knows whether I am worthy of 
this honour, and His holy will be done in all things." 

A few years later he went abroad. Proceeding to Rome, 
and whilst in perfect health, he was visiting the church of 
the Gesu there, he pointed out to his lady, the week before 
his death, a spot in front of the chapel of the Sacred Heart, 
as that which he should prefer to all others for his inter- 
ment. Almighty God granted him this desire of his heart, 
and his widow placed over his grave the following epitaph : — 

P 
A X Q, 

Everardo 
Decimo Baroni Arundell de Warder 
Sac. Rom. Imp. Comiti 
Fide Pietate Exemplo 
De Religione bene merito 
Coll. Saxo-Sylv. in Anglia olim Alumno 
Societ. Jesu Htudiossissimo 
Maria Grenville ex March, de Buckingham 
Marito optirao eheu superstes 
Cum lachrymis posuit 
Obiit die xxi. Junii 

Recurrente Festo 

Divi Aloysii Patroni sibi dilecti 

An. Sal. u.D.cccxxxiiii. 

Orate pro anima illius. 

R. I. p. 

Her ladyship has placed at the west end of the noble chapel 
at Wardour, a beautiful bust of her lamented lord, by Berto- 



90 ACCOUNT OP CAtriOLIC 

lini^ of Florence^ a pupil of Canoya, with the following 

inscription : — 

P 
A X Q 

Piiiy for the soul of 

Everard,. tenth Baron Arundell, of Warder, 

Who died at Rome in the 49th year of his age, 

On the Festival of his Patron St. Aloysius, 

June 2l8t, A.D. 1834. 

Devotedly attached to 

The Catholic and Apostolic Faith, 

He used his utmost influence 

To promote its interests 

In his native land. 

And to advance the prosperity of 

The Society or Jesus, 

To which he owed, with his education. 

His deep conviction of 

The Truths of Religion, 

And his love of Literature and of the Arts. 

All who knew him 

Deplored his premature loss, 

But none more than the poor. 

To whose wants he administered, 

Whose Bufferings he laboured to alleviate 

And whose cause 

He energetically advocated 

During an eventful and distressing crisis. 

This cenotaph 

Is erected to the Memory of 

A beloved and honoured Husband 

by 

His disconsolate Widow. 

The souls of the just are in the hand of God, and the torment of 
death shall not touch them. In the sight of the unwise they seemed 
to die ; but they are in peace. — Wisd. c. iii. 

This dowager Lady Arundell survived until Ist June, 
1845, set. fifty-eight, when I trust she joined her saintly 
husband in a happier world. She was buried at Ratcliffe 
collegiate church, near Loughborough, with this epitaph : — 

'' Orate pro animft Mariro 
Anns, Georgii Marchionis 
Buckingham iensis Filie, Jacobi 
Everardi Baronis Arundell 
de Warder Yiduse, quae religiosa 
pietate, et prsesertim charitate erga 
pauperes, conspicua fuit Die 1 Junii, 
A.D. 1845, eetatis suae 58, 
in sancta pace quievit.*' 

The death of this dear lord made way to the title and 
estate for his only brother, the Honourable Henry Benedict, 
bom at Irnham, 13th November, 1804, who promises to 



FAMILIES IN WILTSHIRE. 91 

equal the merits of bis illnstrious predecessors, and to perpe- 
tuate their virtues in his son and presumptive heir, John 
Francis, bom 28th December, 1831. 

Before I conclude my notice of the Arundells, I may refer 
to Ann, daughter of the first lord, whom I cursorily mentioned 
in p. 8. She was reputed one of the most accomplished and 
beautiful women of her time ; and accepted for her husband, 
Cecil Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore.''^ This nobleman, 
in June, 1632, had granted to him, by King Charles I., the 
proprietorship of the province of Maryland,t and he was also 
created Lord Glastonbury. The Barton, called Hook Farm^ 
near Wardour, was her ladyship's marriage-portion from her 
father. But God thought fit to dissolve their conjugal 
union by her premature death, on 23rd July, in the year 
1649, at. thirty-four. To her memory he erected " a monu* 
ment of his love ^* in Tisbury church, and on the borders of 
her tomb is written : — 

** Ann Arundell, y« most beautifal and best wife of Cecil Calvert, 
baron of Baltimore, proprietor of Maryland, and lord of Glastonbury, 
most beloved daughter of Thomas Arundell, first baron of Wardour, 
and count of the sacred Roman empire." 

The bereaved lord, having no issue by her, restored at his 
death Hook Farm to the family, and it still constitutes part of 
the Wardour property. 

In Mudie's " English Medals " may be seen the descrip- 
tion of one of this couple. On the obverse is the bust of his 
lordship, with this legend (plate 34, No. 1) : — 

^ DMS . OiSCILIVS . BARO . DB . BALTEMORB 

ABSOLV . DMS . TEBRiB . MARI J! . ET . AVALONIiB." 

On the reverse is his lady, — 

*' DNA . ANNA . ARVNDBLLA . PVLCHBRRIMA 
KT . OPTIMA . CONIVX . C^CILII . PR^DICTI." 

Her ladyship^s portrait, by Vandyke, may be seen in the 
dining-room of Wardour. 

* His father, Sir George Calvert, aH experienced statesman, and M.P. 
for the Universitv of Oxford, was created Lord Baltimore, co. Longford, 
Ireland, 16th Febniary, 1624. He was a convert. Dying in London^ 
15th April, 1682, he was buried in St. Dunstan's, Fleet Street 

t Kinff Charles I., in June, 1632, made him a grant of Uie pro- 
prietorship of Maryland, and he took possession of it early in 1634, in 
company of F. Andrew White and four other Jesuits, with 200 Catholic 
settlers. Mass was first celebrated in St. Clement's, now called Heron's 
Island, in the Patuxent river, on 26th March, 1634. About the time 
of the Restoration his lordship died, and was succeeded by his excellent 



92 ACCOUNT OF CATHOLIC 

Next to the Ai-undells, in point of influence in Wilts, 
though much earlier residents in the county, were the 
Stourtons. Perhaps the history of the family subsequent to 
the conquest, until the death of Henry V., may be tinged 
and obscured by fancy ; but it is well known that Sir John 
Stourton, Knight, was a wise and religious statesman ; that 
he was appointed by King Henry VI., in 1428, to the 
government of Ireland for two years ; in 1446 was made 
treasurer of the household; and on 13th May, 1447, was 
elevated to the peerage by the style and title of Baron 
Stourton, of Stourton, in the county of Wilts. From a 
deed of John Stafford, bishop of Bath and Wells, and dated 
London, 4th June, 1443, this John Stourton had recently 
rebuilt the nave and chancel of the Black Canons of Stavor- 
dale priory (St. Jameses), near Wincanton. His lordship, by 
his lady, Margery, daughter of Sir John Wadham, Knight, 
left at his death, which occurred 25th November, 14S2, 
a son, William, This second peer increased his property by 
his union with Margaret, the elder daughter of Sir John 
Chidiock, Knight.* The younger, Catherine, married Sir 
John Arundell, of Lanherne, Knight. By this union he had 
three sons, John, TVilliam, and Edward, who successively 
attained the peerage. This second baron died on 18th 
February, 1478, aet. forty-six. 

The third baron, John, married Catherine Berkeley ; but 
left no issue male at his death, 8th October, 1484, aet. forty- 
six. His daughter Ann, however, survived until 15th August, 

Bon, Charles Calvert, third Lord Baltimore, who lived to see himself 
deprived of his Maryland property by King William HI. This con- 
fessor of the faith was buried at St. Fancras, London, 26th February, 
1720. His only son, Benedict Leonard Calvert, had apostatized on 
Srd January, 1714-5, to recover this family estate, and succeeded. 
*'Quid prodest homini?" (Matt. xxv. 26.) This fourth lord married 
Charlotte, daughter of Edward, earl of Lichfield, who long survived 
her husband. The fifth and last lord, of disreputable fame, died in Italy 
late in 1771 • We read in the Gent. Mag. of January, 1772, that his 
remains were brought over for interment in the family vault at Epsom. 
They lay in state inlLiondon,24th January ; but ** his lordship had injured 
his character in his life by seduction ; so that the populace paid no 
regard to his memory when dead ; but they plundered the room where 
his body hctd lain in atate^ the moment it was removed" (p. 44). For his 
disgraceful conduct, see Gent. Mag. of 1768, pp. 42, 92^ 140, 180. 

* 1 have seen an original lease by Sir John Chidiock, dated 20tli 
April, 1427, by which he grants to John Curteys and Agnes liis wife, 
and their son John, an estate in Westbury, Wilts, for their several lives, 
under the vearly rent of ISs. 4</. On 24th September, 1512, Sir John 
Arundell, Knt., leased tlie said property to Thomas Knight for a term 
of fifty -five yearb ; but under the yearly rent of £4. 16*. 



FAMILIES IN WILTSHIRE. 03 

1533^ and was buried at Fulham * Weever, in his "Ancient 
Funeral Monuments/^ gives her epitaph^ p. 526. 

** Hie jacet Anna Sturton, filia Johannis 
Sturton Domini de Sturton et Domini 
Katherine uxoris ejus. Que quidem 
Anna obiit in Assumptione beate Marie 
Virginia Ann. Dom. 1533.'* 

The fourth baron, William^ succeeded his brother in 1478, 
and after holding the estates and title for nearly forty-five 
years died on 17th February, 1523. 

I have seen the seal and sign manual of this noble lord t 
attached to a deed, dated from Stourton, 20th September, 
sixteenth of King Henry VII. (1500), by which he assigns 
the advowson, nomination, and free disposition of the parish 
church '^de Houghton in Comitatu Dorset,^' to John 
Wrotesley, Thomas Thomhill, Robert Dyrdoo, and that 
ominous name, William Hartgylle. 

The third brother, Edward, must have been an old man to 
take his seat as the fifth Baron Stourton ,* yet he filled it for 
twelve years, dying, on 18th December, 1535. By his wife, 
Agnes Fauntleroy, he left a son and heir, William. The 
monument of this Lady Agnes may be seen on the south 
side of the chancel of Stourton Candle church. The sixth 
Lord, William, died in 1548, set. forty-three. By his lady, 
EUzabeth, the daughter of Edmund Dudley, Esq., and sister to 
John, Duke of Northumberland, he left a numerous progeny. 

Over his eldest son, Charles, the seventh Lord Stourton, 
I could wish to draw a veil. He certainly showed a 
Catholic spirit in voting against the statute for the burning 
and destroying of the copies of the old Liturgy in 1549 ; 
and again in opposing the tyrannical Act of 1551, which 
severely punished absence from the service of the amended 
Common Prayer. Neglecting, however, the duty of self- 
government, and unmindful of the text, " If thou give thy 
soul her desires, she will make thee a joy to thine enemies " 
(Eccles. xviii. 31), he brought disgrace upon himself, and 
nearly entailed ruin on his posterity. From the Fourth 
Report of the Public Records, p. 256, I collect that his 

* Lysons, in his ^* Environs of London," vol. ii. p. 361, informs us that 
in 1449 John Shirhourn and others conveyed a house and garden at 
Fnlham, then valued at Ss. 4d, per annum, to John Lord Stourton, and 
that it was for several generations the property and residence of his 
descendants. 

t I think he married Margaret, daughter of Sir John Chidiock. 
Sir James Chudleigh married his daughter Margaret. See Sir William 
Pole's ** Devon,*' p. 255. The Stourton arms are on the font at Ashton. 



94 . ACCOUNT OF CATHOLIC 

lordship had long harboured a rancorouB feeling in his heart 
against William Hartgyll^ of Kylmington, oo. Somerset, 
gentleman, and his son and heir, John Hartgyll ; that his 
lordship, on Monday, 11th January, 1557, did proceed, with 
his servants and others to the number of forty, to their 
house, and there arrested them, under pretence of their 
having committed a felony ; that they were conveyed to his 
house at Bonham, with their hands tied behind them, and 
kept there in prison the whole of Tuesday; when about 
eleven o'clock that night he had them removed to a certain 
close called ''the Worth,'' near the garden oi his capital 
mansion of Stourton, in Wilts, where they were cruelly 
murdered in his presence; that their bodies were then 
brought into a room of his lordship's mansion, which was 
over the dungeon ; that the bodies were thrown thence into 
the dungeon, and therein were deeply buried. The indict- 
ment against his lordship was found at Salisbury, on 19th 
February; his trial, before Henry, earl of Arundel, the 
Lord Steward, and his peers, followed on 26th February ; 
when, being pronounced guilty, and having acknowledged 
himself to be so, judgment was passed that he be hanged, but 
no place of execution was named. Heylyn, in his History 
of Queen Mary, conjectures that his lordship flattered him* 
self with the hope that ''his seal to the Popish religion 
would make it no hard matter to procure the queen's 
pardon; but the murder was too foul to be capable of such 
favour.^' (P. 74.) On the 6th of March he was executed in the 
market-place of Salisbury, and was buried under a plain altar- 
tomb in the cathedral of that city. Heylyn thus concludes : 
" With this fact the family might have expired, if the queen 
(Mary), having satisfied justice by his execution, had not 
consulted with her mercy for the restoring of his next heir, 
both in blood and honour.^' But Mr. HatseU, a graver 
authority, in volume fourth of his "Precedents," p. 4, 
affirms, that, from the message of the Lords entered in the 
Commons' Journal of 12th March, 1575, the Bill for resti- 
tution in blood to John, Lord Stourton, had been signed 
by Queen Elizabeth. 

This unfortunate baron, by his wife Ann, daughter of 
Edward, earl of Derby (who afterwards became the wife of 
Sir John Arundell, of Lanherne, Knight), left three sons : 
first, John ; second, Edward ; and, third, Charles. The two 
first successively succeeded to the restored peerage. Also 
three daughters : first, Mary, married to that illustrious 
confessor. Sir Francis Tregian, mentioned in page 2 and 9^ 



FAMILIES IN WILTSHIRE. VO 

and of whom more in the Appendix ; second^ Ann, wife of 
Edward Rogers ; and, third, Catherine, married to Richard 
Shireburn, of Stonyhurst, Esq. 

John, the eighth Lord Siourton, married Frances, daughter 
of Lord Cobham ; but had no issue. Camden tells us, that he 
was one of the commissioners to try Mary, Queen of Scots. 
Though a Catholic in mind, yet he outwardly conformed to 
the state religion (Morels Hist. S. J., p. 171). Still he 
meditated to die a Catholic, though he wanted the moral 
courage to live one. With this view, he retained two priests 
in his establisment, one of whom was always to be at hand 
to administer the helps of religion, in case his lordship should 
be* surprised by illness. By a secret judgment of Heaven, 
he was attacked by sudden danger on 13th October, 1588, 
in the absence of both chaplains, and when it was impossible 
to procure another priest. In this emergency, he had barely 
time to ackuowledge his guilty dissimulation and presump- 
tion, with every appearance of unfeigned repentance, in the 
presence of his wife and house-steward. The tradition of 
his appearance after death to F. Cornelius at the altar was 
in every one^s mouth, and was firmly believed by the 
Stourton and Arundell families, when F. More published his 
History in 1660, ** Res omnium sermone celebrata est, atque 
in hunc usque diem ab utriusque familise et Stourtoniorum 
et Arunddiorum hseredibus certissim^ traditur.^' It is 
related by Miss Dorothy Arundell, who was present, and 
who gives a particular account of the vision in her MS. Life 
of F. Cornelius. That father's friend, the Rev. F. William 
Weston, in his Latin Auto-Biography, p. 46, states that the 
apparition took place in London, in the house of Sir John 
AnindelL And Bishop Challoner, in his Memoirs of the 
Missionary Priests, alludes to it. — (Article Cornelius.) 

Edward, the ninth Lord Stourton, was younger brother to 
the preceding peer, and had married Frances Tresham. For 
non-attendance in the House of Lords on the 5th day of 
November, 1605, he was arbitrarily fined and committed 
to the Tower of London ; but in the autumn of the following 
year he was removed to the Fleet Prison, which measure, as 
I find by a letter of that period, was considered as prepara- 
tory to his final enlargement. Periiaps this severity of 
punishment may have terrified him into outward conformity 
to the religion established by law ; for in the Latin protesta- 
tion of the Catholic peers against the assumption of ordinary 
jurisdiction, claimed by Dr. Richard Smith, Y.A. in England, 
and Bishop of Chalcedon, his name does not appear. The 



96 ACCOUNT OP CATHOLIC 

names of the Catholic peers will be interesting to the reader, 
who reflects that this document is signed at the commence- 
ment of Charles I/s reign ; viz. — 

John Talbot, earl of Shrewsbury. 

Henrjr Somerset, earl of Worcester. 

Thomas Darcy, Earl Rivers. 

James Touchet, earl of Castlehaven, Baron Audley. 

William Howard, Lord Naworth, son of the duke of 

Norfolk. 
Thomas Somerset, Viscount Cashell. 
Edward Somerset, Baron Herbert. 
Henry Nevill, Baron Abergavenny. 
Thomas Windsor, Baron Bradenham. 
William Petre, baron of Writtle. 
Thomas Brudenel, baron of Stanton. 
George Calvert, Baron Baltimore. 

The above subscribed the Protestation ; the five following 
agreed to the Protestation without signing it : — 

Richard Burke, Earl St. Alban's. 
Thomas Savage, Viscount Rocksavage. 
Ulysses Burke, Baron Tunbridge. 
Henry Parker, Baron Morley and Monteagle. 
Edward Vaux, Baron Harrowden. 

The two following admit "praxim fori extemi episcopi 
impossibilem esse.'* This applies principally to the probate 
of wills in his court : — 

( John Paulett, marquis of Winchester. 
( Thomas Arundell, baron of Wardour. 

William Pure, baron of Whitton, was absent. 
Francis Brown, Viscount Montague. 
Henry Constable, Viscount Dunbar. 
Henry Stafford, Baron Stafford, ) -w-. 
Christopher Roper, Baron Teynham, J 

It was said that Viscount Dunbar favoured the bishop's 
pretensions. 

"Viscount Fairfax's son, who had become a Catholic, 
subscribed, with above 300 Catholic knights, esquires, and 
gentry; but without the name of a stuff le priest/' To this 
document is added : — " It is not ascertained whether this 
Edward, Lord Stourton, be a Catholic or not ; at least, it is 
not publicly known. JBut his eldest son, who must soon 
succeed him (for he is nearly eighty years of age), has 
subscribed to this Protestation.^' 

The noble lord died, fiill of days, at Clerkenwell, London, 



FAMILIES IN WILTSHIRE. 97 

on 7th May, 1633. WiUiam, his eldest son, sticceeded as 
tenth Lord Stourton, He had been created Knight of the 
Bath in 1616. On 9th February, 1625-6, he foolishly 
fought a duel in a chamber with Lord Henry Paulett, fourth 
son of William, fourth marquis of Winchester. In a letter 
written on the following day by Sir Nathaniel Bacon 
(" Cornwallis' Correspondence," p. 142), I find that Lord 
Henry was run through the body, that Stourton was hurt in 
three places, and was then under arrest. 

During the civil wars, as we collect from Ludlow's '' Me- 
moirs," vol. i. p. 122, his lordship's mansion of Stourton was 
taken by Edmund Ludlow. His lordship married Frances, 
daughter of Sir Edward Moor, of Odyham, Hants, Knight, 
she died 5th January, 1662, and was buried at Dorking, 
Surrey. Her noble husband survived her ten years, dying 
25th April, 1672, at a very advanced age. 

William, grandson of William, the tenth Lord Stourton, 
took his seat in the Upper House about a month before the 
passing of the Test Act. This iniquitous Bill was passed on 
29th March, 1673. His marriage-settlement with Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir John Preston, of Furuess, Baronet (by his 
wife, Elizabeth Holland, of Denton, co. Lancashire), by whom 
he had a numerous family, bears date 20th August, 1664. 
His lordship died on 8th August, 1685. Her ladyship 
foUowed him to the grave three years later.* 

Edward was the twelfth Baron Stourton. He was baptized 
24th June, 1665. By him were sold most of his estates in 
Wilts and Dorset. In 1703, Dr. Wake, dean of Exeter, 
purchased Ower Moigne and Oalton. About the same time 
Little Marston and Frome Selwood were disposed of to 
Sir Edward Seymour, Baronet. In 1704, Stourton, in Wilts, 
and Stourton Candle, in Dorset, were conveyed to Sir 
Thomas Meers, Knight, as trustee for Henry Hoare, Esq., 
goldsmith and banker in London, the third son of Sir Richard 
Hoare, Knight. In justice, however, to his lordship^s 
memory, it must be declared that he had succeeded but 
nominally to the family property; for the interest of the 
incumbrances on it nearly amounted to its yearly rental. 
By his lady, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Buckingham, 

* Her brother Thomas, on the death of the elder brother, Sir John 
Preston, succeeded to the estates and titles, and married twice. He was 
clever, but eccentric. Losing his only son, Francis, on 18th December, 
1672, and his second wife Mary, (Molyneux),on 6th June following, he 
determined on becoming a Jesuit, but would never take orders. He 
died a lav-brother, S.J., 27th May, 1709, et. sixty-six. I have seen an 
original letter from his superior, stating, ** Per intervalla non satis sui 
compos est." 

H 



98 ACCOUNT OF CATHOLIC 

Esq.| he left no issue. Retiring to France, he died there in 
September, 1720, »t. fifty. five. 

Thomas, the younger brother of the preceding Lord, was 
baptized 14th June, 1667. By his wife Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Stourton, of Ower Moigne, Esq., he left no issue. He 
was buried at Stourton, 1st April, 1744, aet. seventy-seven. 
His widow survived him five years, and was buried near hira, 
19th June, 1749. 

The fourteenth peer was Charles, nephew to the two last 
barons, being eldest son of Charles, their brother, who had 
married, in November, 1699, Catherine, daughter of Richard 
Frampton, of Moreton and Biddlecombe, Esq. This young 
gentleman had married Catherine,* the relict of Robert, 
the seventh Lord Petre (the baron in the Rape of the 
Lock), who had been prematurely carried o£P, 21st March, 
1713, by small-pox. This union, which took place in 1733, 
brought an accession of fortune to the Stourton family ; but 
her ladyship survived this second husband also, who died, 
s, p.y 11th March, 1744, at East Cheam Manor- House, 
Surrey. Against the west wall of St. Dunstan^s church 
there, she raised a monument to his memory. 

The fifteenth peer was William, brother to the preceding, 
who had died without issue. He was born 17th August, 
1704, and was fortunate in his alliance, 22nd October, 1749, 
with Winefrid, daughter of the Honourable Philip Howard, 
of Buckenham, Norfolk, the brother of Edward, ninth 
duke of Norfolk. Her ladyship died 15th July, 1753, set, 
twenty-six,t and was buried at Stourton. Her noble lord 
lived a retired life at Witham, Essex, where he made a pious 
end, 3rd October, and was buried there on the 9th of the 
same month, 1781. 

Charles Philip, the only son of the late lord, succeeded to 
his honours and titles. His marriage with Mary, second 
daughter and co-heiress of Marmaduke, Lord Langdale, 
proved, indeed, a blessing to him, and to their progeny. In 
1785, his lordship aliened his last remaining property in 
Wilts, the manor or tithing of Bonham, to Henry Hoare, of 
Stourhead, Esq. ; but the Catholic chapel and priest's i^esi- 

* This only child of Bartholomew — others call him Thomas — ^Wal- 
mesley, of Dunkenhalgh, co. Lancashire, Esq., was a great heiress on the 
death of her father in 1701. Her posthumous son, Robert James, eighth 
Lord Petre, and his family came in for a large share of her possessions. 
This lad^, of most charitable memory, died 3ist January, 1785, »t. 
eighty-eight. 

t Her other sister and co-heiress Ann was the first wife of Robert 
Edward, the ninth Lord Petre. Slie survived till 15th January, 1787, 
aet. fortv-five. 



FAMILIES IN WILTSHIRE. 99 

dence were reserved from the sale. By intei*dicting himself 
from gaming, the fashionable amusement of the great, in 
his early life, and by strict attention to his family concerns, 
he was enabled to purchase the noble estate of Thornville 
Royal, or AUerton-park, near Knaresborough, co. York, in 
1805. There this good man ended his mortal course on 
29th April, 1816, set. sixty-four. 

Wiltiam, the seventeenth Lord Stourton, bom 6th June, 
1776, and eldest son of the above, married, 5th October, 
1800, Catharine, daughter of Thomas Weld, of Lullworth 
Castle, Dorset, Esq. They must ever live in the grateful 
recollection of their numerous family for the hereditary 
example of piety, and of good management and attention to 
domestic economy. Each of their offspring might look up to 
them, and say with Tobias, " Filii sumus sanctorum, et vitam 
illam expectamus, quam Deus daturus est his, qui fidem 
suam nunquam mutant ab eo.^' — Cap. xi. 18. After doing 
honour to the peerage for full thirty years, and in very 
critical and eventful times, he closed his meritorious life at 
Allerton, on 4th December, 1846, and was buried on the 12th. 

Charles, his eldest son, bom 13th July, 1802, is the 
present peer. To the joy of both families, he selected 
fSr his partner Mary Lucy Clifford, seventh daughter of 
Charles Lord Clifford; this happy marriage took place 
on 1st August, 1825, at her noble father's house. No. 8, 
Mansfield-street, London. For a time they lived at Holme 
Hall, and God was pleased to give them six boys ; but after 
a short period He, in His inscrutable wisdom, thought fit 
to bereave them of the two eldest pledges of their love. 
How they submitted to this sacrifice, may be inferred from a 
letter written by his grandfather to a reverend friend, dated 
from Allerton, 30th March, 1838 :— 

" We have been latelv visited by severe trials — ^for I ought not to call 
them aJlieUon^ — ^in the loss of my two eldest grandchildren,— one a boy 
of eleven and the other of ten years old. The eldest, William, was 
deposited this dav in our family vault. Their pure lives and their truly 
edifying ends — William's at Biddlestone, and Henry's at Stonyhurst — 
showed so much reliffion and the benefits of a most pious education so 
powerfully, that we have cause to thank God for having removed them 
m their innocence and virtue, rather than to lament their loss. 

** Mrs. Stourton bears her trials with the most holy Christian forti- 
tude and resignation." 

This noble lord commenced his noble mansion of Stourton, 
near Ejiaresborough, in 1851, after the designs of George 
Martin, of London, Esq. 

In page 93 I have mentioned the name of Robert Dyrdoo. 
In the confession of the Rev. John Brushford, extracted from' 

H 2 



100 CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN WILTSHIRE. 

the Lansdowne MSS., and published in Mr. Tiemey's edition 
of Dodd's " History/* vol. iii. p. IS7, detailing the precarious 
and wandering life of a missionary, one of the Dyrdoe family 
is mentioned about the year 1594. 

" I was once at Clerkenwell, at Sir John Arundell's ; but for that he 
was then in trouble in the Star-chamber about one Mr. Higgins, a 
priest, I could not be received ; but I was with him afterwards in the 
gate-house. After this I lived secretly in a village on the plains of 
Salisbury, not far from Amesbury, with one Mr. Durdoe and his wife, 
in the house of one £dward Wyse, unto which house resorted also one 
Mr. John Grove. The goodman of the house and his wife were Pro- 
testants, and did harbour us for no other thing but his^ain, not knowing 
what I was, I think. We remained in this place about six months ; 
and after that, some suspicion growing of the place, I went with the 
said Mr. Durdoe and his wife into Wales. I was, I remember, once 
entreated to have ridden into Cornwall ; but I durst not, for that I was 
well known by the way.*' 

In a letter of a rev. priest, probably addressed to the 
Rev. T. More, agent of the archpriest, written from prison in 
December, 1611, and printed in Mr. Tierney's Dodd, vol. v. 
Appendix IV., he relates that the number of Catholics was 
much diminished, especially in these western parts of the 
kingdom, — " praesertim in partibus regni occidentalibus ; " 
that the remaining handful has been so ground down by 
persecution, and impoverished by fines, — as Mr. Stourton, 
Mr. Adon,* and several others in Dorsetshire, — as to be under 
the necessity of selling the greater part of their patrimonial 
property. This has been the case with Mr. Keins, Mr. Cowel, 
Mr. Walton, Mr. Bifleet, Mr. Mansfield, and others in Somer- 
setshire ; and with Mr. Edward Stourton, Mr. Carew, and 
Mr. Fathers, in Dorsetshire. That charity had, indeed, 
grown cold ; for in Dorsetshire alone, where there had been 
once eight residences for priests, now two can hardly be 
found; and in Somersetshire, where there existed six or 
seven residences for priests, scarcely one is left, — " modo vix 
unica est relicta." The whole of his statement is entitled to 
deep attention. 

I must not forget to mention that the late John Bennet, 
of Pyt House, Esq., was reconciled to the Church on 15th 
December, 1834, and left by his wife, a daughter of 
Sir Henry Joseph Tichborne, an only son, John Edward, 
who died at Nice, 29th April, 1856, set. 16. 

* Q,y. Acton. 



101 



CHAPTER XI. 

THE SUFFBBBRB FOR THB FAITH IN GLOUCBSTERSHIRB. 

Before the Reformation^ this county was richer in reli- 
gious foundations than any of the other five shires that I 
have attempted to elucidate. It could boast of its four 
mitred abbeys; viz., Cirencester, St. Peter's at Gloucester^ 
Tewkesbury, and Winchcombe; it abounded in priories^ 
cells, and hospitals. And perhaps the jealous avarice of the 
harpies of the court, and of the new and upstart possessors 
of the suppressed monasteries, served to sharpen the sword 
of persecution ; certainly malicious cruelty against Catholics 
was surpassed in no other county. 

The first that was called to shed his blood was the Rev. 
John Sands, or Sandys. Ordained priest at Rheims, he 
came on the English mission in 1584. Labouring diligently 
in the work of the ministry, he was apprehended, and was 
soon condemned to the death of a traitor, for his priestly 
character, Paul Tracye, of Stanwey, then Sheriff of the 
county, assisted at his barbarous execution in Gloucester 
on 2nd August, 1586. A contemporary MS. : — ^ 

'^When they had condemned him, they could find none for any 
money to murther him : they could hyre noe knife or other instrument 
in all the town to mangle him. At last they found a most base com-p 

£ anion, who yet was ashamed to be seen m that bloudy action ; for 
e blacked and disfigured his face, and gott an old rusty knife full of 
teeth like a sickle. With that he killed him. The holy martyr 
requested the high sheriff (who was Paule Trasye, of Stanwaye) to 
suffer him to hang until he dyed. He then granted the request, vet 
caused him to be cutt downe as soon as he was cast off the ladder. 
The holy man was nothing past himself, but sayd, < O, Mr. Sheriff, 
von have not kept your promise ; ' unto which Mr. Tracye replied not, 
but commanded nis men to pull downe the traytor and the hangman to 
bowell him, and himself layd first hands on him. The hangman did 
his bloudy office ; and when he had pulled out his bowells, the blessed 
saint cryed ever with St. Stephen, * Ltord, forgive my persecutors/ and 
Boe fell asleep in our Lord." 

2. Stephen Rousham came to the mission in 1582, but 
shortly after fell into the hands of the enemies of Catholic 
faith^ and after enduring eighteen months and thirteen days 

* The MS. was in the Archivium of the English College at Rome 
in 1690. 



102 THE SUFFEBEB3 FOR THE 

of horrible torment in the " Little-ease " dungeon within the 
Tower of London^ was sent into banishment in 1585. His 
zeal for souls brought him back into the English vineyard ; 
but it was not long before he was taken in the house of a 
widow lady caUed Strange^ and safely lodged in Gloucester 
jail. F. William Warford, who wrote in 1597 his relation of 
the martyrs whom he had known since 1578^ gives the 
following report of this missionary priest : — 

" I knew him at Oxford, about the year I5789 when he was minister 
of St. Mary's parish. Shortly after he proceeded to Rheims ; and, 
as he appeared to be rather of a timid character, on seeing himself 
safely landed on the shore of France, he returned thanks to God on 
his bended knees for his merciful escape, and offered himself unre- 
servedly to His Divine Majesty. On his return to England he was 
arrested, for he was remarkable for his neck being rather awry, and 
one shoulder bein^ higher than the other. The following wonderful 
event is related of him : Whilst celebrating Mass in St. Stephen's church 
at Rheims, it happened, that when the chalice was uncovered at the con- 
secration, and he was in the act of kneeling down to adore the Sacred 
Blood, a large spider from the roof dropt into it At first he was per- 
plexed what to do ; but raising his heart to Grod in prayer, and com- 
mending himself to Christ's mercy, he boldly swallowed the whole 
without suffering any inconvenience. He had a handsome and manly 
face, his voice was clear and pleasing, his beard was of a chestnut 
colour, and he was truly a man of God." 

In another MS. of divers persecutions in the year 1588, 
written, by a nameless author, about the end of 1594, and 
formerly kept in the English College at Rome, is the following 
interesting narrative, which escaped the research of Bishop 
Challoner :— 

^ After the judge had condemned this priest and friend of God 
Stephen Rowsam, he was returned to his prison ; but by the way a 
graceless company of apprentices and youths of Gloucester were gotten 
to one of the dnnghills, nrom which they pelted the holy confessor most 
spytefullv, and aO berayed his face and clothes. The morning he was 
martyred he offered the divine sacrifice of Masse, and there were with him 
at it Mr. Thompson " (there called Groves, Queiy if the same mentioned 
page 100?^ ** and many more Catholics. When Masse was almost ended, 
the sheriff's officers called at the prison dore to have the holv man to 
his martyrdome : thev were told ne was not as yet ready, and intreated 
to have patience a little, unto which they yielded. After Masse he said 
his evenmg, blessed, kissed, and embraced every one present. He went 
down cheofuUy to the hurdle, all his company much lamenting his de- 
parture from them. Before he came to the hurdle, one of underkeepers 
sayd thus to him : * O, Mr. Rousarae, if 1 were in the like danger as 
yon are, and might avoyde it as easily as you may by going to church, 
surely I would soone yield to that.'^ The good father answered : * I 
pray thee be contented, good frend, within this house. I shall conquer 
the world, the flesh, and the dyvell. He was so layed on the hurdle 
that one of his leggs dragled on the grownde as he was drawne, and 
being admonished by a schismatick woman to draw up his legg to him, 



FAITH IN GLOUCKSTEASiilRE. 103 

he saiJ» ' No» all is* too little for Christ's sake.' He was hanged until 
he was dead — but soe was not Mr. Sands, that dyed there before him — 
but most bloudily and beastly used, so that the common sorte of people 
cryed out upon the officers : and some preachers said that Mr. Rowsam 
should not be so handled. He reconciled to the Church some who 
suffered with him. And because by occasion I have mentioned Mr. 
Thompson, I will here set down what little I remember of him. He 
was a gentleman of fair lyving in Oxfordshire (the native county of the 
martyr), not far from Burforde, a widower, and a father to many young 
children, yet he lyved Catholickly at his own house, and ever kept one 

Sriest at least, besides entertainment he gave to strangers. In the ende, 
eat of persecution drove him into the Forest of Deane, in the county of 
Glocester, where he lyved some years in that vast wildernesse in a poor 
house he by red, under the name of Mr. Groves, with his nriest as 
before. At last he was found out by pursuivants Robert Aunlde and 
others, and committed to Gloucester Castle, where he endured many 
outrages of the officers in that country. He was many times searched 
and s|>oyled of all that he had ; but yet he endured and brouj^ht up 
his cliildren as he might ; albeit a certain lawyer of Oxfordshire was 
by favour of wicked lawes crept into his estate, and affi^rded him very 
small relief thence. At last he died prisoner there in Gloucester.'' 

Thomas Alfield, a native of Gloucestershire^ was ordained 
priest at Bheims^ in 1581 ; the following year witnessed him 
a prisoner of the faith. His condemnation took place on 
5 th July, 1585 ; and the next day from Tyburn I trust he 
was translated into heaven. 

TTwmas Holfordj alias Acton, alias Bird, a native of 
Hereford was executed at Clerkenwell. The Sook of Col- 
lectanea in the English College at Borne, marked E, 
recorded, that "in 1587 Mr. Ilolford was apprehended in 
Gloucestershire, and was arraigned, and condemned, and 
executed for coming into the realm. The man that caused 
the priest^s apprehension, came to the prison after bis con- 
demnation, and on his knees, with tears, asked his forgiveness. 
He contrived to say Mass even till the day of his execution. 
So inhuman was his butchery, that the preachers exclaimed 
in their sermons against it/' 

Of William Lampley, the layman, good Bishop Challoner 
had not discovered the ensuing details. " He was a glover 
by trade : for persuading some of his kinsmen to the Catholic 
religion, one only witness appeared against him ; but who 
was over head and ears in debt, and had basely got his own 
wife committed to jail for following the dictates of her 
conscience. Judge Manwood, who tried Mr. Lampley, and 
passed sentence, offered him openly, that if he would but 
say that he would go to church, he should have his pardon. 
Nay, the judge, unwilling that the sentence of death should 
be carried into effect, appointed his friends, and kindred, and 
of&cei*s, and preachers, to persuade him to promise that ; but 



104 TUB SUPFERISRS POB THE 

all in vain. When he was ready to go to execution^ they 
caused the passing bell to be tolled for him^ thinking that 
the terror thereof would make him to acquiesce. Again and 
again^ at the place of execution, they made him the same 
offer ; but all in vain. With fervent constancy he yielded 
himself most willingly to his tormentors, and therefore they 
ended him as butcherly and bloodily as ever they did any/' 

He suffered at Gloucester in the course of the year 1588. 

John Pybush, a native of Yorkshire, ordained at Rheims 
in 1587, reached the mission two years later; in July, 1593, 
he was apprehended at Morton Henmarsh, co. Gloucester, 
and was conducted before the Lord Giles Chandos, now dead, 
says my author. " His lordship often offered him the oath 
of the Queen's supremacy ; then sent him up to the Privy 
Council, when the Lord Treasurer, understanding him to be 
a seminary priest, bade him show his crown. The holy 
confessor bowed down his head, and told him, he had none, 
and that his lordship could easily guess at the reason. ' Oh,' 
said my lord, * you think yourselves wiser than all the 
world. Will you stand to the law?' 'I must whether I 
will or no,' said the priest. 'Then have him,' quoth my 
Lord Treasurer to Topcliffe, the noted persecutor, showing 
all this while great anger. Topcliffe put him close prisoner 
in the Gatehouse at Westminster, and never returned to 
him till the year's end ; and then he examined him, what 
preparation of wars he knew when he came into England ; 
and so sent him to Gloucester jail, there to be tried, where 
he was taken. The last summer assize, which was 1594, the 
holy priest was arraigned for high treason, who, before he 
would answer. Guilty, or Not guilty, asked the judge, who 
was Mr. Clench, whether the treason they laid to his charge 
was anything else but his priesthood, and the exercise of 
his priestly office. The judge answered they had nought 
else to lay against him. Then the holy man replied, * If to 
be a priest be to be a traitor, then am I one. I thank God 
for it.' But the judge never gave sentence of death on 
him ; but returned him to prison, where he yet remaineth, 
joyfully and resolutely expecting martyrdom the next assize, 
which will be ere Easter, 1595, and daily he provideth for 
that high honour." 

Bishop Challoner relates that he escaped from Gloucester 
jail with some other prisoners, but was recaptured the next 
day. He was then remanded to the King's Bench, London, 
where several years' confinement entirely ruined his health. 
On 17th February, 1601, Lord Chief Justice Popham sum- 
moned him to tiie bar, and pronounced sentence of death 



PAITH IN GLOXTCESTSBSHIRE. 105 

upon him. The next day he was drawn to St. Thomas' 
Watering, and there suffered his cruel butchery with the 
constancy of a martyr. 

In a '' Behttion of the present State of England/' printed 
at Borne, in 1590, a 4to. in sixteen pages, of which a copy 
once existed in the library of the professed house there, 
it is stated that Roger Wakeman, a priest of Douay Col- 
lege, and sent to the mission in 1576, had died in Newgate 
prison, on the 16th or 17th, November, 1582, after two 
years' confinement.* 

I am not aware that any others connected with Glou* 
cestershire, suffered death, or died in chains, for their 
holy profession. But every missionary in those days of 
persecution could say with St. Paul, ''Quotidie morior'* 
(1 Cor. XV. 31). Lewis Barlow, a native of Gloucestershire, 
and the first missionary in England, for he came over from 
Douay in 1574, was twice made a prisoner, and twice con- 
demned to perpetual banishment ; but rejoicing to suffer for 
the name of Jesus, he returned to the vineyard. God 
accepted his good-will; for he died in his bed in 1610, full 
of days and merits. 

During the sanguinary farce and tragedy of Oates's plot,t 
Sir George Wakeman, Baronet,J who had been physician to 
the queen of Charles II., was arraigned and tried at the Old 
Bailey for conspiring the death of the King, His innocence 
was so transparent, that even a jury, influenced by party 
prejudice, passion, the epidemic terror of an imaginary 
danger, and the bigoted invectives of Lord Chief Justice 
Scroggs, could not refuse the verdict of " Not guilty .*' I 
cannot deny myself the pleasure of inserting an extract of 
his speech before the Lord Chancellor and Council on 30th 
September, 1678, and which he repeated at his public trial, 
as reported, p. 60 : — 

** My lord, I come of a loyal family. My father hath suffered very 
much, to the value of £18,000 and more, for the royal family. My 
brother raised a troop of horse for the king, and served him from the 
beginning of the war to the end. He was major to the marquis 
of Worcester at Worcester fight, and lost his life by the wounds he 



* Roger Wakeman Priest, sent from Douay in 1576, died in New- 
gate 1584 : '' Psedore carceris extinctus." — See Dr. Bridgewater*s Con- 
certatio, fol. 412. 

t See Appendix No. V, 

J In Guillira's Display of Heraldry, sixth edit., 1724, p. 202, 1 read 
he was created the OODth baronet 15th February, 16C0, 0.S. The patent, 
though engrossed, was never sealed. In his indictment he is styled 
baronet. 



106 THE SUFPEEERS FOR THE 

received in the king's service. As for my own part, I travelled very 
young, and came over when Ireton was lord mayor, and both by my 
religion and name was suspected to be a favourer of the royal party ; 
and therefore was imprisoned, and did not come out till I had given 
great security ; and the second time I was committed was when I did 
enter a plot — ^the only plot I was guilty of. I conspired with Captain 
Lucy and several others to attempt something for hte maieat^^s restoror- 
tion, when few durst appear for him. I was seized on in my bed ; there 
were several arms found in my apothecary's cellar, and we were both 
committ^ to prison, and we should both have suffered death certainly 
if his majesty s happy restoration had not prevented it. And now, my 
lord, I am under the most foul and false accusation that ever innocent 
gentleman was, and I expect reparation. There was not a family in 
England that was so mucn instrumental in his majesty's restoration as 
our family and connexions. Colonel Gifford was my near kinsman ; 
so was Colonel Carlos ; and the Pendrells were menial servants to the 
family : and I hope tk^ deserve some favour." 

No doubt the Council were amazed at his manly boldness, 
for he spoke as one — 

" Who kept a court of honour in his breast ; '* 

but their conduct on this occasion reminds one of Dido 
expiring in the agonies of suicide (JEneid, lib. iv.) : — 

*' Oculis errantibus alto 
Quesivit coelo lumen, ingemuitque reperta" 

What opinion can we form of the moral principle of our 
governors, statesmjBU, and senators during this epoch of 
national delirium, who, knowing well the utter falsehood of 
the plot, instead of setting their faces to the popular delu* 
delusion, ^*civium ardor prava jubentium," actually lent 
themselves to the cruel sport of worrying the lives of inno« 
cent and loyal subjects. King Charles II., from the very 
beginning, " was confirmed in the belief of its being all a 
fiction, never believinff one tittle of itJ* — See Clarke's Life of 
King James II., from the Stuart Papers, vol. i. And 
Francis North, Lord Guildford, whilst Lord Chief Justice of 
the Common Pleas, '^ whilst he was in secret drawing up a 
refutation of the whole romance of the Popish plot, declared 
in pitblic that the tnUh of the story was as plain as the sun in 
heaven, and was not ashamed to browbeat from the seat of 
judgment the unfortunate Roman Catholics, who were 
arraigned before him for their lives.'* — See Macaulay's 
" History of England," vol. i. p. 274.* 

* To inflame the popular odium against us, medals were struck of a 
Jesuit murdering Sir Edmundbury Godfrey, whilst the Pope, in his 
tiara and cross, was standing by and applauding. — See Mudie s English 
Coins and Medals, &c. A print was issued, " The solemn monk pro- 
cession of the Pope, Cardinals, Jesuits, ^c, exactly taken as they 



FAITH IN GLOUCESTEaSHIRE. 107 

" Even the House of Commons would sit on the Sunday, 
November 10th, 1678, to inquire into this Popish plot,'* as 
Mr. Hatsell informs us in vol. iii. of " Precedents," p. 59. 
This profound lawyer in the preceding volume, p. 159, gives 
it as his opinion that " it can be no longer matter of doubt, 
that the witnesses, particularly Oates and Bedloe, were most 
notoriously perjured, and that the stories told by these two 
men, and several others of the witnesses, were gross and pal- 
pable forgeries." So convinced of this was Mr. Elliott, M.P. 
that in his powerful speech delivered in the House of Commons 
on the Catholic Petition in 1812, he hesitated not to affirm, 
" K any man in these days was to venture to declare himself 
a believer in that Popish plot, he would be laughed at as a 
visionary, or a bigot." 

Oh, that all who are appointed to rule their fellow-men 
would carefuDy study, and inwardly digest, the sixth chapter 
of the Book of Wisdom ! 

marched through the citpr of London the 17th of November, 1679." O 
miseri, ane tanta insania, cives ! — N.B. The pensioned Oates, ** inve- 
terattts oierum malorum," died 2drd July, 1705. 



108 REVIEW OF THE MISSIONS 



CHAPTER XII. 

REVIEW OF THE MISSIONS IS OLOUCBSTERSHIRB. 

1. The first in importance is unquestionably Bristol. 

From the so-called Reformation until the accession of 
George 11.^ in no commercial city of the British empire was 
Catholic faith and practice more discouraged and depressed 
than in Bristol. Monsieur Jorevin, as quoted by Mr. Evans 
in his History of Bristol, vol. ii. p. 306, assures us, that 
towards the end of King Charles II.'s reign, '' no one can 
hear Mass at Bristol, though it is a port frequented by many 
Catholics, — Flemish, and French, and Spaniards, and Portu- 
guese.*' That a priest did venture to exercise his functions 
here, after King James II. had mounted the throne, is 
evidenced by the Auto-Biography of Sir John Bramston, 
recently published by the Camden Society (1846) : — 

^ On Sunday last, April 25, 1686, at Bristol, information being given. 
to the mayor that Mass was sayinse in a house in that citie, he took 
with him the sheriifB and some aldennen, and went and apprehended 
the preist and the conventicle, and committed the preist and some of 
the company to the gaole, and sent to the bishope, Sir Jonathan Tre- 
lawney, notice of it. His lordship carried the letter to the king." — 
P. 226. 

And in p. 229 we read : — 

" The priest that was committed by the mayor of Bristoll was brought 
to the kind's barr 10th May ; but owing to the absence of the Lord 
Chief Justice, Sir Edward Herbert, and of his council, Mr. Brent^ he 
was remanded to to the King's Bench prison.*' 

Mr. Coppinger, a well-qualified teacher, attempted to open 
a school at Kingsdown, near Clifton ; at first his prospects 
were favourable, but when it was discovered that he was a 
Papist, every hope of success vanished, and he was com- 
pelled to decamp. This occurred about a century ago. 

By a letter received from the Rev. Patrick O'Ferrall, dated 
Bristol, September 19th, 1854, I learn that about 1743 
a Bristolian firm {Query Champion's, see Evans's History, 
vol. ii. p. 226,), anxious to introduce spelter or zinc- working 
from Flanders, could not induce any of the Flemish workmen 
to come over unless the free exercises of their religion were 



IN GLOUCESTEBSHIRE. 109 

secured to them ; ^^ and so, in the combat, Bristol cupidity 
overcame Bristol stupidity, and the men were allowed to 
practise their religion without molestation/' 

That the Jesuits were the first to create and serve the 
Bristol mission, is a fact that I believe no reasonable man 
can doubt. But the first name that I have met with, is 
F. John Ijallart, who was there soon after the accession of 
King George II. ; but retired to Boulogne, where he died 
25th September, 1743, set. fifty-one. He was succeeded by 
F. John Scudamore (of the ancient family of Scudamore, 
CO. Hereford, whose father resided at Pembridge Castle, as 
his great-nephew, Mr. Jones, of Tolcame, informed me). 
Mr. Scudamore resided at Bristol about forty years, was 
much beloved by his little flock for his zeal and piety ; and 
Mr. Jones aforesaid, who resided with him for a time, stated 
to me " that his manner of living was very plain and mode« 
rate.'' His first place of worship was the upper room of a 
house at Hook's Mills, behind the smaU church, near the 
Orphan Asylum on Ashley Down. He after a time 
removed the chapel to St. James's Back, where a lady, 
Mrs. Player, now in her eighty-ninth year, remembers saying 
her catechism. The death of this venerable pastor occurred 
at Bristol on 8th April, 1778, aged eighty-two; and the late 
Bev. James Parker, S.J., who assisted at his funeral, pointed 
out to me the spot, opposite the porch of St. James's church, 
where his honoured remains were deposited. 

F. John Fontaine, who had arrived in 1777, in attendance 
on F. Scudamore, was the first to commence a register. He 
quitted after the riots of 1780, when he was replaced by 
F. Thomas Brewer. In his time, the want of better accom- 
modation for public worship than the miserable room in 
St. James's Back afibrded was seriously felt; and it was 
resolved to erect a new one. I copy the following extract 
from an original letter addressed by the said Bev. James 
Parker, to the Rev. Joseph Dunn, on 12th April, 1822 : — 
''The first ii£300, towards purchasing premises, was collected 
by me, in company with the Rev. Thomas Brewer, then 
resident missionary of Bristol, in the streets of London. 
The Rev. Charles Neville, S.J., gave £300 also, for house and 
chapel j the Rev. James Adams, S.J., contributed to the 
same JE200. Many collections were received by the Rev. 
Robert Plowden (the successor of F. Brewer), from his 
relations and friends." In a previous letter, the same 
F.Parker, on 17th January, 1822, calls the Jesuits "the 
proprietors of that mission." 

F. Thomas Brewer died on 18th April, 1787, and in 



110 REVIEW OF THE MISSIONS 

October^ the same year^ was succeeded by the Rev. Robert 
Plowden. 

The premises selected for the new Missionary establish- 
ment were purchased of Mr. Robert Bay ley and Mr. Trotman. 
The con§p"egation could contribute but little^ and even that 
little^ collected by a committee^ was unadvisedly placed by 
its members in the hands of one Fitz-Henry^ an Irish mer- 
chant^ and was irrecoverably lost by his bankruptcy. Bishop 
Walmesley^ and his coadjutor Bishop Sharrock^ charmed 
with the active and disinterested zeal of these ex-Jesuits^ 
engaged^ on 16th September^ 1789, to admit a member of 
the Academy at Liege as an incumbent of the chapel to be 
erected, provided the person presented to them, or their 
successors, should appear duly qualified to promote the 
good of religion in general, and the welfare of the congre- 
gation at Bristol. This compact was further subscribed 
by their successor. Bishop Collingridge, on 20th March, 
1812. 

F. Robert Plowden had opened St. Joseph's chapel, in 
Trenchard-street, on 27th June, 1790, he had provided a 
convenient and roomy house for the incumbent ; nay, had 
succeeded in purchasing premises at the west end of the 
chapel to build his poor schools, at an expense of more than 
£1,000. It would be folly to deny that he was a man of 
indefatigable zeal and industry ; very exemplary, most self- 
denying and disinterested, and deserving the character of 
" father of the poor." During a residence of nearly thirty 
years in Bristol, he conciliated the respect, esteem, and 
fevour of the public ; but unfortunately he marred his use- 
fulness by departing from that spirit of submission to 
episcopal authority which is characteristic of the Society of 
Jesus. In the first place, he refused to publish, on 5th 
December, 1813, Bishop CoUingridge's Pastond Letter, 
under pretence of his having discovered in it some erroneous 
doctrine. Secondly, he attacked from the pulpit the same 
bishop's Lenten Mandement, dated from Taunton, 1st Feb- 
ruary, 1815. This wrong-headed course was visited with 
the bishop's severest indignation. His lordship peremptorily 
demanded his removal from Bristol insianier, though the 
venerable man was now in his seventy-sixth year. His old 
friend. Bishop Milner, however, graciously offered him an 
asylum in the midland district, — placed him first at Swyn- 
nerton, and subsequently at Wapenbury, where he rested 
from all his mortal labours and trials on 17th June, 1823, 
aged eighty-three. 

Stonyhurst, since the emigration from Liege in 1794, had 



IN GLOUCESTERSHIRE. Ill 

become the representative and heir of the Academy above 
mentioned. On F. Plowden's application for assistance in the 
discharge of the increasing duties of the ministry at Bristol^ its 
superior supplied two associates successively^ — firsts John 
Power, alias Reeve, who arrived in July, 1811, and at the end 
of sixteen months was transferred to Lullworth. The second 
was the Rev. Joseph Tate, who had served the English 
mission for nine years before, and was a much more efficient 
person. He was appointed to Bristol in November, 1812, 
and within three years succeeded to the sole pastoral charge, 
void by the dismissal of the Rev. Robert Plowden. At length 
the bishop assigned him an able assistant in the Rev. Henry 
Riley, not connected with Stonyhurst, who joined him on 
21st November, 1821. Late in the same year, some business 
of a most delicate and complicated nature at Falmouth, 
required the temporary visit and presence of a discreet 
clergyman ; and his lordship could think of no one so com- 
petent to accomplish it as Mr. Tate. I know that most 
would have shirked the commission ; but he kindly under- 
took it, and he executed it with so much tact and credit, 
that Bishop Collingridge, in a letter which I saw, dated 
Bristol, 20th March, 1822, awarded to him ''the just tribute 
of my sincere thanks.'^ During Mr. Tate's absence on this 
intricate affair, the Rev. John Williams, recently ordained 
(25th November, 1821, at Ushaw), arrived at Bristol on 
1st January, 1822, on his route to supersede L'Abbe 
Orezille, alias Hoche, at Falmouth. He preached at Bristol, 
and the bishop, who heard him, was so pleased with his 
delivery, that he decided on keeping him at Bristol, in 
conjunction with Mr. Riley, and detaining Mr. Tate at 
Falmouth. A friend (Miss Lane) communicated the plan 
to Mr. Tate, who instantly started homewards, before the 
bishop's missive could be delivered by the post. His lord- 
ship was disconcerted by this rapid movement, — ^he felt 
himself out-generalled ; and on coming to an explanation, 
Mr. Tate charged him with a clandestine attempt to supplant 
him, and demanded an open investigation. His lordship 
then offered him any other place in the diocese; but 
announced, that he was so satisfied with the efficiency of the 
zeal and abilities of those two young missionaries for Bristol, 
that he must prohibit Mr. Tate from exercising any longer 
parochial faculties there. It should be observed, however, 
that Bishop Collingridge did apply to Stonyhurst for a 
more suitable ^person for Bristol than Mr. Tate; and that 
on receiving in reply, that they had no person more efficient 
to replace him, Mr. Williams received his final appointment. 



]12 REVIEW OF THE MISSIONS 

As soon as Mr. Tate could realize the sale of his furnitorej 
&C.J he bade adieu to the western district altogether. 

After nearly a year and a half's valuable service, — viz.. 
May, 1823, — Mr. Williams was transferred to the easier 
mission of Chepstow. Bishop Collingridge applied now to 
Stony hurst, as F. Glover informed me in his letter, 23rd 
June, 1823, but no assistant could be spared. An Irish 
priest, the Rev. John Burke, succeeded Williams at Bristol 
for a short period ; and in the spring of 1825, was replaced 
by the Rev. Francis Edgeworth, O.S.F. 

Bishop Collingridge died at Cannington on 3rd March, 
1829. He had experienced some uneasiness of mind for 
taking possession of the Jesuits' premises ; and he applied 
again for one of their body to resume the pastoral office here. 
The Rev. William Rowe, S.J., was at once deputed, and 
arrived for the purpose on 7th August, 1828; and on the 
29th of the same month and year, the worthy Mr. Riley 
was transferred to Axminster; but Mr. Edgeworth was 
continued at Trenchard-street chapel. 

The Right Rev. Dr. Baines succeeded, on the death of 
Dr. Collingridge, to the charge of the Western District. 
It was known that as early as 1822, whilst incumbent of the 
Bath mission, he had expressed himself as opposed to the 
right of the Jesuits to their premises ; and he soon came to 
a misunderstanding with F. Rowe, and insisted on his 
removal before Christmas. The reverend gentleman quitted 
on 23rd December, 1830, and on the next day the Rev. 
Patrick O'Ferrall, O.S.P., was substituted. Unquestionably 
these two religious distinguished themselves by their zeal 
and talents; during the frightful riots in Bristol in the 
beginning of November, 1831, they had most arduous duties 
to perform; and Mr. Edgeworth so signalized himself, by 
his humanity and heroism on that occasion, as to deserve a 
civic crown. To meet the rapid increase of Catholicity, the 
latter gentleman purchased a large spot of ground at Clifton 
for the erection of a spacious church. The ground was first 
broken 11th August, 1834, and on 4th October he laid its 
foundation-stone, and great preparations of materials were 
made. Within the area purchased, he erected a small chapel 
in honour of St. Augustine, where Mass was first said 
in 1842, and he removed thither from Trenchard-street on 
9th November of that year. But the enterprise of the 
contemplated church * was far too gigantic for his limited 

• The ground was first purchased in the spring of 1831, but lay 
unoccupied for more than three years, as Bishop Baines apprehended 
it would interfere with his new establishment at Prior Park ; but at 



IN GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 113 

means. He became inyolved in such inextricable difficulties; 
as to be gazetted a bankrupt; but he sought refuge on 
the Continent from the importunities of his creditors^ 
and died suddenly at Antwerp^ 16th November^ 1850^ let. 
fifty-one. 

His early friend and confrere, F. O'Ferrall, had adopted a 
much more judicious course. He contrived to purchase the 
already well-built and graceful church of the Irvingites, now 
. St. Mar/s-on^the-Quay^ at Bristol. It was solemnly dedi- 
cated by Bishop Baines on 5th July, 1843, and the zealous 
founder was properly installed its 6rst incumbent. 

As for St. Joseph's^ .Trenchard-street, it continued to be 
served by the secular clei^. The Rev. James Dawson suc- 
ceeded Mr. Edgeworth, but for four months only. The 
Eev. Thomas Booker followed him in the Lent of 1848. In 
July, 1843, the Rev. William Cullinson took the place of 
P. O'Ferrall, removed to St. Mary's; and the Rev. Edward 
Metcalf was stationed here in 1844-5. On Septuagesima 
Sunday, 1847, the Rev. William Joseph Vaughan was sent 
thither, and remained till 6th November, 1^48, when he 
passed to the church of the Twelve Apostles, at Clifton. 

Dr. Baggs reached Prior Park, as successor to Bishop 
Baines, on 30th May, 1844, and in July following divided 
the original Bristol mission into three separate ones; viz. 
Clifton, Trenchard-street, and St. Mary's. He had contem- 
plated, ffxnn what he told me, the restoration of Trenchard- 
street to its rightM owners ; but death snatched him away 
16th October, 1845. His successor. Bishop XJUathorne, 
hastened to do justice. He wrote to the provincial, F. B. 
Lythgoe, that he desired the body should resume possession 
of Trenchard-street House and Chapel, for Sunday, 31st 
October, 1847 ; and F. George Bampton, S. J., received orders 

last the foundation-stone was laid on 4th October, 1834. For several 
years the edifice appeared as a pile of ruins. At length, in the autumn 
of 1847« Biiihop Ullathome contracted for the purcluse of the site for 
£2,/H)0, and took possession on 4th Xovember that year. Some pro- 
gress was made in the works, when nine months later he was translated 
to Birminffham. Bis successor, Bishop Hendren, directed the interior 
of the edifice to be completed at once ; and thb Church of the Twelve 
Apostles was solemnly opened on 21st September, 1848. On 8th April, 
1860, a suitable house for the bishop and clergy of Uie church was com- 
menced, and was so eneigetically pushed on by the architect, Mr. Charles 
Hansom, and the pastor. Canon Vaughan, mat it was habitable by the 
8th of October following. 

And here we may be permitted to acknowledge the nreat obligations 
which religion owes to J. Spencer Northcote. Esq., tor editing << The 
Clifton Tracts," which wonderfully enUghtened the public mind, and 
disarmed prejudice. 



114 REVIEW OF VHB MISSIOKB 

to pifooeed thither for the purpose, F. Thomas Spealman being 
assigned for his assistant. The latter was replaced in March 
following by F. Henry Mahon. On 6th December, 1849, 
F. Bampton was called away to serve the new church in 
Farm-street, London, when F. William Johnston was ap<- 
pointed to the mission ; and on F. Mahon's departure, the 
Rev. William Knight was sent to be the companion of his 
apostolic labours. 

The present state of religion in Bristol and its environs, 
compared with what I remember it in 1807, forces me to lifk 
up my heart in thanksgiving to Almighty Gk)d, for lavishing 
the riches of salvation on immortal souls. F. Robert Plow- 
den was then the sole incumbent of the city (and obliged to 
visit Swansea even), though he derived occasional help finom 
some visiting brother, but especially from two French abbes, 
Le Villain and Montier, professors of the French language 
in the highest drdes, and whose exemplary character mi^ 
have contributed not a little to soften down prejudice. Their 
biography will be given in Part the Second. 

Now, blessed be God, we behold a lai^ and respectable 
congregation worshipping in the church of the Twelve 
Apostles ; we possess the commanding church of St. Mary's- 
on-the<rQuay, the fruit of the energetic zeal cf F. OTernJl, 
who deserves much better support. We retain the original 
ehurch of St. Joseph, that joyful mother of children, and 
having frilly 2,000 commumcants attached. We have the 
beautiful convent of the Dominicanesses of St. Catherine, 
under the shade of the Twelve Apostles. Again, we have 
seen the Augustinian Church of St. Nicholas rising to open 
its gates for divine worship on 21st September, 1850, on the 
Stapleton-road — the precious community of the Qood Shep« 
herd at Amo (Notre Dame de Charit^, a filiation from the 
mother house of Angers),''^ in full activity since 22nd July, 
1851 — ^and their elder sisters, those tntelaiy angels of mercy, 
in Dighton-street. It is delightful also to witness the pro« 
portionate increase of poor schools, and the progress of their 
improvement in useful and scientific information. Where I 
remember but one priest, I can count nearly a dozen to meet 
the demands of the faithful. The public services of the 
Church are well and eflSciently performed, to say nothing of 
Clifton possessing its bishop and chapter since 29th Septem- 
ber, 1850.t Oh I let us all magnify the Lord, and exult in 

* The Convent at Hammersmith, founded in 1841. 

t I say nothing at present of the Visitation Convent at Westbury- 
on-Trim, as I have to make my report of it in Chapter XIV. But 
I may notice here their beautiful chapel, tlie foundation-stone of 



IN GLOUCB8TEB8HIRE. llS 

QoA the Savionr ; let every fibre of party spirit be extirpated 
firom our breasts ; and let as ever act on the recommendation 
of the Apostle — Heb. z. 24: '^Consideremns invioem in 
provocationem charitatis et bonomm operum/' 

Beckford, at the foot of the Bredon Hills^ is five miles 
from Tewkesbury. The original name of the manor was 
Beccanford^ where was an alien Augnstinian Priory^ attached 
to Ste. Barbe-en-Auge, on the Dive. At the suppression of 
alien houses^ King Henry VI. annexed it to his foundation of 
Eton College. It was then valued at £58. 68. Sd. per annum* 
King Edward IV. transferred the gift to Fotheringay Colle- 
giate Church, shortly after the dusolution of which^ King 
Edward VI., in 1547^ granted the manor to Sir Richard Lee, 
Knight^ of whose family it was purchased by Richard Wake- 
man, Esq., in 1586. This gentleman had acquired, seven 
years before, possession of the Muythe, or Mythe. 

In general, I believe, a chaplain was to be found attached 
to this Catholic family, but few names have come to light. 
An anonymous Benedictine was here in 1717. F. Isaac 
Oibson, S. J., died here 10th November, 1788, set. sixty-four. 
The Hon. and Rev. Robert Dormer, S.J., resided here for a 
time. F. Placid Bennett, O.S.B., was certainly here in 1788. 
L'Abbe Louvelle, the Rev. Thomas Kenyon, and the Rev. J. 
Harrison, were the last incumbents. After the death of 
William Wakeman, Esq., 1st January, 1886, the remnants of 
this Catholic congregation were in the habit of repairing, at 
the eight Plenary Indulgences, to Overbury, where Mrs. 
Eyston had a small oratory fitted up in her mansion ; but 
these driblets, with the handftil of Catholics in Tewkesbury 
and the Mythe, are now amalgamated in the Kemertou 
mission. 

IL Norton. — ^The reader will not confound this manor with 
the Horton in Pimpem Deanery, Dorset, which was consoli- 
dated with Sherborne Abbey. Ours is in the deanery of 
Hawkesbury, and annexed as a prebend to Salisbury Cathedral 
nntil the'Reformation, when it was detached and secularized, 
and granted to that Toracious Lord Protector, Edward Sey- 
mour duke of Somerset. On his attainder in 1553, King 
Edward YI. bestowed it on Clement Paston, of Norfolk, Esq. 
Until the family mansion of Appleton, in that county, was 
destroyed by fire in 1708, and John Paston, Esq.,^ came in 

which was laid on 25th September, 1834, and which was opened on 8th 
December, 1835. Every spectator must be gratified with the sight of its 
graceful altar. 

* Was he not nephew of Dr. Edward Paston, who died President of 
Douay College 21 st July, 1714, eet. seventy-four ? 

I 2 



IIQ REVIEW OF THE MISSIONS 

consequence to reside in the Court House at Horton^ I under- 
stand no chaplain was maintained here. A few years after 
the death of his son^ William Paston, Esq.^ on Ist January, 
1769, the mission was discontinued, viz. at the retirement of 
the Rev. Placid Waters, O.S.B., in 1777, and the estate sold. 

From my kind friend, the Rev. B. M. Cooper, of the same 
venerable order, I learn that from the year 1795 until 1815, 
FF. Pembridge and Ainsworth attended the few remaining 
Catholics at Horton during the eight Indulgences, from Bath, 
a distance of fifteen miles ; and that F. Birdsall, in 1815, con* 
tinned to perform the same charitable office from Cheltenham. 
'* He said Mass at Horton in the upper chamber of a poor 
cottage ; the room was ten feet long by nine, with scarcely 
head-room between him and the thatch. I met him at that 
cottage and served his Mass. A deal table was used for the 
altar, and the wind blew through the broken panes of the 
window ; about nine or ten persons assembled. In 1823 I 
was appointed to the Bath mission and to this office. I suc- 
ceeded in procuring a cheese-room in a farm-house the same 
year; it was fifteen feet by twelve, where I attended eight 
times a year from Bath.'' The same rev. gentleman, in 
another letter, furnished me with the following particulars 
about old Horton : — " There is an old man still living [1855] 
who remembers Mass being said in the chapel at the Manor 
House at Horton, in the time of William Paston, Esq. In 
1833 I went to see this chapel with Sir Henry and Lady 
Paston Bedingfeld, from Bath. The Manor House was not 
inhabited. We gave 5«. to an old woman, who kept the 
key of the old hsdl-door, to let us in. The chapel-door was 
barred; but finding an opening in a lath-and-plaster wall, 
we crept in all covered with cobwebs, dust, and lime. Here 
we stood in the old chapel sanctuary, with its moth-eaten 
green baice carpet, a well-carved oak altar, a mahogany taber-* 
nacle, two old candlesticks, and a little bell on the altar steps, 
on the epistle side, with ave maria round the rim. The 
tabernacle was locked. I shook it; but evidently it was 
empty. A beautiful framed triangle adorned the sanctuary, 
circling with rays of glory. The communion-rails were 
quite perfect, as also the family pews. A Gothic window 
terminated the west end of the chapel, with beautiful tracery. 
Oh ! quantum mutatus ! The beautiM window was torn 
down in 1849. The chapel itself is turned into the village 
school, and every remnant is gone except the triangle, to tell 
its melancholy story of bygone days I" 

Horton is now merged in the mission of Chipping 
Sodbury. 



IN GLOUCS8TER8HIEB. 117 

III. Hartpury. — ^This valaable manor^ before the suppression 
oF monasteries, belonged to St. Peter's Abbey, Oloucester. 
The Crown then coming into legal possession, disposed of the 
manor to the knightly family of Compton. The last Sir 
WiUiam Compton left no male issue, but two daughters co- 
heiresses; one married Mr. Bearcroft, and had no issue; the 
other married John Berkeley, of Hendlip, Esq. Mr. Berkeley 
also left two daughters, one, Catherine, married to Mr. Can- 
ning, of Foxcote, Warwickshire; the other, Jane, married, in 
May, 1799, Thomas Viscount Southwell. 

At Hartpury a priest was kept. I meet two Benedictines, 
P. Butler alias Berry, in 1769, and P. Bernard Young; but 
regret to add that I have not recovered the names of other 
chaplains previous to the arrival of the Dominicanesses in 
1794, But more of Hartpury in the two next chapters. 
Since the nims aforesaid removed to Atherstone, in Warwick- 
shire, September, 1839, Hartpury has been an appendage to 
the Oloucester mission. 

rV. Haiherop. — By the marriage of Mary, the heiress of 
the Bloomer family, to Sir John Webb, this property was 
acquired ; and within my memory has passed away by the 
marriage of the heiress of the Webbs to the Ponsonby 
family. All has been effected within two centuries. 

I am credibly informed that the Bev. Robert Bowes, alias 
Lane, author of the ''Practical Reflections,'' had long 
resided here ; but died at Bath on 1 7th December, 1735. I 
know of no other chaplain at Hatherop before the arrival of 
the Rev. John Lee. After a few years, he was appointed to 
the Bavarian chapel, London, and died 13th July, 1839, aged 
seventy-one. 

v. Gloucester. — Comparatively speaking, this a modem 
mission. The Webb family can claim theprincipal merit of 
its foundation ; but especially Miss Mary Webb, daughter of 
Sir John Webb, Bart., by his wife Mary (Salvin). This 
zealous young lady died at Clifton, on 30th September, 
1787. By a letter of the said Sir John Webb, addressed, on 
9th August, 1788, to Bishop Walmesley, I ascertain that the 
wish of his family was that the nomination of the incumbent 
of Gloucester should be vested in the Vicar- Apostolic of the 
London District. 

1 . The first resident priest, I believe, was the Rev, George 
Thomas Gildari ; but his stay was not long, for he quitted 
18th May, 1789. 

He was educated at Valladolid. On returning a priest to 
England, he was employed for a time in London, thence at 
Stonor, CO. Oxford, and thence at Gloucester. Por a certain 



118 RETIBW OF THX MISSIONS 

period he lived with the Bev. Edward Wright at Holywell. 
During the twenty years that he served Monmouth, he was 
euab]^ to erect its public chapeL Infirmities increasing 
upon him, he retired to Usk, then to Brecon, and ended his 
mortal course at Swansea ; in St. Mary's churchyard may 
be seen his gravestone, at the east end, thus inscribed, — 

I. H. S. 

Sacred 

To the memory of 

The Rev. George Thomas Gildart^ 

Who after many vears of severe bodily affliction 

Calmly expired on Monday, Feb. 17, 1827, 

Aged 63. 

May he rest in peace. 

2. The Rev. John Jones, who supplied for a brief interval 
after Mr. Gildart's retirement, and again for the three first 
years of the present century, after the death of the Rev, John 
Greenway* the third pastor, when he returned to the Mon- 
mouth mission. This venerable Douay priest died at 
Manchester on 11th March, 1810, set. eighty^onCj and was 
interred in St. Patrick^s churchyard. 

4. VAbbi Dwhemin was admitted pastor by Bishop 
Douglass, on the strong recommendation of the acv. John 
Jones. He continued his efficient services from January, 
1804, untQ 1816, and in the course of the summer of that 
year returned to France. In a letter I received from Caeu, 
dated 5th January, 1845, I read that he died at Bayeux 
a model of edification, deeply regretted, nearly ten years ago : 
" il y a pen pres dix ans.*' 

5. Bernard Giraud succeeded his countryman, and had 
the charge of the congregation until his death, 4th Novem* 
ber, 1825, set. sixty-four. His remains were deposited in 
the cemetery of St. John the Baptist's parish. 

6. John Burke, a native of Tipperary, educated in St. 
John's College, Waterford, after serving Bristol for about a 
twelvemonth, was sent here. He remained about two years, 
then left for Usk ; whence he winged his flight to America, 
unmindful of his vocation. His sad fall reminds us of the 
text, Matt. V. 13, " Vos estis sal terrse," &c. 

7. Auffustin VJosse. This respectable abbe accepted the 
charge of the mission in February, 1828, and held it until 
three days before his lamented death, which occurred on 

* Of this reverend pastor, who removed the chapel from a back lane, 
purchased the present premises, and erected St Peter^s Chapel, I shall 
treat fully in the second part. Obiit 29th November, 1800, eet fifty. 



IN GLOUOESTERSHIBE. 119 

28th Januaiy^ 1841, let. seventy-eight. He was buried in 
the vault of his quondam Mend and predecessor, TAbbe 
Giraud. 

8. Peter Hartley. Of this laborious ecclesiastic I shall 
treat amply in the biographical part. Suffice it to say at 
present, that after six years and a nalfs service^ he caught a 
contagious fever from his attending a poor Irish traveller, 
that on 29th July, 1847, he received all the rites of the 
Church, and died on 3rd August, set. fifty-five. 

9. Henry Godwin^ bom near Liverpool, 14th December, 
1821, studied at Lisbon, and vas there ordained priest on 
Saturday, the Ember week of Advent, 1846. After Mr. 
Hartley's death he was appointed his successor; but seven 
months later was transferred to St. Mary's, Stonehouse, 
which he left in January, 1850. 

10. Michael CarroU, bom in Tipperaiy, a.d. 1808, suc- 
ceeded the Rev. H. Oodwin at Qlouoester late in March, 
1848, on whose removal to Falmouth, 

11. TTumoi Michael McDonnett, an experienced and 
talented missioner, accepted the chiurge, and zealously per- 
formed it for two years, when Bishop Hendren transferred 
him, in July, 1850, to the wider and more important vine- 
yard at St. Mary's, Stonehouse. I shall have to treat 
lai^ely of this able veteran in the second part of this work. 

12. Henry Janes next supplied for nearly four months; 
viz., from 12th July to 9th November, 1850, when 
Leonard CdUerbank was appointed the thirteenth incumbent 
at Gloucester. 

YI. Cheltenham. — In p. 57 I have mentioned that the 
Bev. John Augustine Birdsall, O.S.B., after assisting at 
Bath for three years and a half, quitted, in October, 1809, 
to commence a new mission at Cheltenham. He had 
received encouragement from the late Richard Bawe, Esq., to 
originate this enterprise, and he bravely triumphed over 
every difficulty. On 3rd June, 1810, he opened a chapel in 
honour of St. Gregory the Great; and such was the progress 
of religion in consequence of his apostolical zeal, seconded by 
his coadjutors and successors, FF. Shann and Dowding, from 
April 1885 to 1841, Henry F. Paillet, from 1848 to 1849, 
and other sons of St. Benedict, that several times the chapel 
required to be extended ; and now, under FF. Gotham and 
Blount, of the same venerable order, a spacious church is 
soon to be opened to receive the increasing numbers of the 
faithftil. 

During the disgraceful riots in November, 1850, organized 
under pretence of our new hierarchy, the chapel of St. Gre- 



120. BEYIBW OF THE MISSIONS 

gory and the incumbent's nremises were outrageously 
attacked by the mob^ and would probably have been demo- 
lished^ if the civil authorities had not come to the rescue. 
All damages were made good by the Hundred, instead of 
being settled by private arbitration, as the instigators of 
the mischief had proposed and expected. This exposure, I 
trust, will serve for a caution to the workers of iniquity. 
As a mark of improved good feeling amongst the better 
classes, I was pleased to. hear that my friend Greorge Arthur 
Williams was elected, in November, 1847, High Bailiff of 
Cheltenham, — ^the first Catholic so honoured since the days 
of Queen Elizabeth. 

VII. Chipping Sodbury. — Here Mrs. Neve,* who realized 
the character given of Dorcas, Acts ix. 86, — "Hsdc erat 
plena operibus bonis et eleemosynis quas faciebat,'' — ^founded 
a mission for the Benedictines. For this purpose she bought 
convenient premises at the expense of £1,300, and added an 
endowment of £50 per annum. The Rev. Thomas Boiling 
(see the biographical part of this work) arrived here as the 
first pastor on 26th October, 1838, and celebrated Mass in 
the new chapel, which is 50 feet long by 26 broad, on 
Sunday, two days later. Within four years later he was suc- 
ceeded by the Bev. Henry Ignatius Sutton. In p. 59 I have 
stated that the Bev. Balph Maurus Cooper, after rendering 
invaluable service at Bath for twenty-three years and a half, 
was allowed to retire to this comparatively easy mission in 
1846. Here his attention to the beauty of God's house, and 
his affectionate and disinterested zeal for souls in the scat- 
tered population around him, must make him an instrument 
of blessings. But I must reserve for the second part of 
this compilation the details of his meritorious life. 

YIII. Kemertan, near Tewkesbury. — ^This mission possesses 
the beautiful gem of St. Bennetts church, with its painted 
windows. The design was furnished by Mr. Hadfidd, of 
Sheffield. Dr. Barber, the president of the Benedictines, 
sung the High Mass at its opening, 18th July, 1843 ; Bishop 
Brown, of the same order, preached, and twelve monks 
assisted at the ceremony. I understand that the Eyston 
family has the merit of this foundation, and that the Throg* 
mortons and Tidmarshes are great benefactors. The Bev. 
Samuel Day was the first pastor, and was efficiently sue- 

. * She died in her house at Cheltenham in 1840. Her name was 
Sarah Lunn before her marriage to the Rev. E^rton Neve, whom she 
survived many years. By the death of her sister, relict of Philip 
St. Martin, comte de Front (the Sardinian ambassador, who died 
4th November, 1812), she received an increase to her fortune. 



IN OLOUCB8TBR8HIBB. 121 

ceeded^ in 1848^ by the Rev. PeCer Ridgeway^ of the same 
venerable order. 

IX. jRitr/brrf.* 

X. JVoodchester. — ^William Leigh^ Esq.^ a recent convert 
to the Catholic faith, purchased, in November, 1845, the 
extensive estate of the Dude family in Glouoeatershire. In 
gratitude to Heaven, for his singular vocation to the one true 
religion, he determined to erect on his property a large 
church in honour of our Blessed Lady of the Annunciation, 
which should be served by a community of Regulars. Here 
the name of a Catholic was hardly known. In the Tablet of 
28th March, 1846, it was stated that. F. Dominic, superior 
of the Passionists, had left Aston, in Staffordshire, to' 
establish a temporary monasterv at Northfield, in Avening 
parish. This was a house which Mr. Leigh had hired of a 
Dissenting minister for two years, who little suspected that 
his place was to be a receptacle for the professors of Popery. 
In this house Mass was first said on 25th March, — a blessed 
day for that vidnity, — in 1846. In the mean time active 
preparations were making to commence a church and 
monastery at Woodchester after a design of Mr. Charles 
Hansom, of Clifton, The foundation-stone of the present 
commanding church was laid by Bishop UUathome on 
96th November, 1846. It was solemnly consecrated on 
Wednesday, 10th October, 1849, by Bishop Hendren, V.A. 
of the Western District, assisted by Bishop UUathome, who 
had been translated to the vicariat of the Middle District. On 
the following day the noble church was opened with unusual 
splendour. This, as the day before, was ushered in with the 
joyftil pealing of the church bells, called St. Crabriel's, St. 
Elizabeth's, and St. Mary's.t Soon after deven o'dock the 
procession moved from the sacristy : first 

The Thurifer. 

A Passioiiist Father, as Cross-bearer. 

Acolytha^ WUliain Leigh, Jun., Esq., and H. Doyle, Esq. 

Twelve boys in cassock and surplice. 

The Clergy, two and two, in great numbers. 

Bbhop Wiseman with his Chaplain. 

Rev. F. Ignatius Spencer, as Superior of the Passionists. 

Bishop Ullathome, with his Deacon and Subdeacon, 

And Rev. W. J. Vanghan, as assistant Priest. 

Bishop Hendren, with nis two attendant Priests, 

And F. Bonomi, as Master of Ceremonies. 



* The parish church is celebrated for its twenty-five windows, exe- 
cuted in Flanders, and -captured in 1492 in a Spanish yessel on her way 
from a Flemish port to South America. — See Arctieol. Jour. No. 48, p. 359. 

t They had been blessed by Bishop Hendren 9th August, 1849, 
St. Gabnel's, weight 5 cwt. ; St. Elizabeth's, 4 cwt. ; St. Mary's, 3 cwt. 



122 BKVISW OF m MISSIONS 

After passing up the nortli aisle^ and down the nave^ ihey 
entered the gorgeous sanctuary, when the High Mass com- 
menced. The dazzling beauty of the pontifical and clerical 
robes, — ^the gravity of the assistants, — ^the melody of the vocal 
and instrumental music, — the dignified eloquence of Bishop 
Wiseman,— -and the silent attention of the immense midti- 
tude, inspired awe and devotional feeling. 

In the evening, the joyful ringing of bells summoned the 
faithful to Vespers. After the^ had been chanted, Bishop 
UUathome addressed the multitude in a strain of impas- 
sioned eloquence; after which, solemn benediction of the 
sacrament was given. All must have retired with the 
imj^ression, ''We have seen wonders on this day :'' — ''Quia 
vidimus mirabiUa hodie;'' and we believe the groundwork 
was laid for several conversions. 

The Passionists, on 7th October, 1850, quitted Woodchester 
to establish themselves at Broadway, in Worcestershire, and 
the next day F. Proctor, ex-provincial of the Dominicans, 
was put into possession of the premises by the founder, 
William Leigh, Esq. But the spacious and convenient 
monastery was not fully opened before 11th August, 1853, 
which, as a spectator I can truly affirm, was a day of glorious 
triumph for religion. 

XI. Nympsfield. — ^The apostolical zeal of the Dominicans, 
who are by profession preachers of the Word of Life, has iur 
duoed them, with encouragement, to open a mission in this 
parish under the patronage of St. Joseph. A room has been 
licensed and registered for Catholic worship. Mass was for 
the first time cdebrated here on Sunday, 21st March, 1852. 

XII. Cirencester. — ^The Kev. Anselm Glassbrook, O.S.B., 
who had taken the habit as early as 1823, after serving Chel- 
tenham for a time, was appointed to the charge of the con- 
gregation at Fairford. Having succeeded in obtaining some 
desirable premises in the town of Cirencester, he fitted up a 
neat little chapel, capable of holding 100 persons, which he 
opened for divine worship on 23rd January, 1855. F. Thomas 
M'Donnel, of Shortwood, who preached on this occasion, 
informs me, that no such attempt had been made in Ciren- 
cester since the reign of Queen Elizabeth. A correspondent, 
in a letter dated 24th October, 1855, writes that this zealous 
and laborious monk has '' now removed into Cirencester, and 
that Mass is said but once a month at Fairford.'' 

Lord de Mauley for a time allowed £40 per annum to the 
incumbent at Fairford. 

In addition to the above, I find two Benedictine chaplains 
at Stoke, in Gloucestershire ; viz., F. Laurence Lodwick, who 



IN GLOX7CJB8TER8HIBE* 128 

died there 3rd October^ 1633 ; F. Gregory Baoon^ who died 
there 4th April, 1663 ; and a few also at Marlborough, with 
the Hyde family. 

XIII. Stroud. — A new mission was commenced here in 
February, 1866, by the good Dominicans of Woodchester, 
and promises well. On Tuesday, 27th May, 1856, the first 
stone of its new church of the Immaculate Conception of our 
Lady was laid by Archbishop Errington, as administrator of 
the vacant diocese of Clifton. Florescut I 



124 CATHOLIC FAMILIBS IN OLOUCBSTEBSHIRE. 



CHAPTER XIII. 

CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN aLOUCBSTSRSHIRB. 

I APPREHEND that the Wakemana may take precedence of 
the Catholic families^ established residents in the county. In 
page 115 I have briefly alluded to their mission. 

John Wych, alias Wakeman^ abbot of Tewkesbury, after 
about eight years' goveminent, surrendered his house to the 
Royal Commissioners on 7th November, 1539, and for such 
subserviency was assigned a pension of £266. 10^. 4J. per 
annum. Of course this ceased on his promotion to the new 
see of Oloucester, to which he was consecrated on the 25th 
September, 1541, at Croydon, and which he held for about 
the same period that he had presided over the abbey of 
Tewkesbury, dying early in December, 1549. Whilst abbot 
he had prepared his tomb in a chapel of the conventual 
church ; but he was buried at Worthington. 

To follow up successively the generations of the family, I 
fear is impracticable; for by a letter of Thomas Wakeman, 
Esq., dated Craig, 7th June, 1843, I find that "every 
papec during the civil wars in the reigns of Kings Charles I. 
and Charles II. appears to have been carefully destroved.^' 
But is it not a reflection on the family that none were found 
to follow up the biography of the Sir George Wakeman, 
Bart., — the ornament and gem of their pedigree, whom I 
have mentioned in p. 105. He was the second son of 
Edward Wakeman, Esq., by his wife Mary Cotton. This 
honoured father, after spending a fortune in support of the 
royal cause, died in 1659. His elder brother, Edward, 
married Ann, daughter of Benedict Hall, of High Meadow, 
Esq., and died in consequence of wounds received in the 
king's service, on 3l8t August, 1662: ''in ipsa setatis 
meridie,'' as his monument states in Beckford church. I 
suspect that their sister Theresa was the Teresian nun at 
Antwerp, who went, in August, 1678, to organize the new \ 
colony at Hoogstraet. After presiding over her sisters there 
for six years, she returned to the mother house at Antwerp, 
where, in the words of St. Maximus, ''Sanctam perfec- 
iamque vitam mors Deo devota conducit/' 



CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN OLOUCEBTERSHIBE, 125 

"Where Sir G^rge gradaated as physician^ I cannot dis- 
cover ; certainly not in either of our Universities, nor was 
he a member of our Boyal College of Physicians; but it is 
manifest, from p. 46 of his Trial, published by authority in 
1679, that he was physician to Queen Catharine " for nine 
years/' Quitting his ungrateful country, he retired to Paris, 
where he practised his profession with Sclat ; but Dodd, who 
might have continued his biography after his trial, makes no 
£Eurther mention of him. 

The late William Wakeman, of Beckford, Esq., died at 
Beckford, on 1st January, 1836, at the patriarchal age of 
ninety-six. 

Of the Halbj of High Meadow, it is painful to say that I 
can glean but few particulars. 

Cecily Hall died, 3rd March, 1651, a religious in the 
Benedictine convent of our Lady of Consolation at Cambray. 
Mrs. Ann Hall, descended of the Somersets, marquesses of 
Worcester, and relict of Benedict Hall, of High Meadow, 
retired to this nunnery, of which her daughter Catharine 
was abbess, and there died 20th March, 1676, set. seventy- 
nine. Her reverend daughter died in office on 17th March, 
1692, and was buried near her mother. By the marriage of 
Ben^icta Maria Theresa, only daughter and heiress of 
Benedict Hall, Esq., to Thomas Gage, the High-Meadow 
estates passed into that family. The firuit of this marriage, 
William Hall Gage, bom 1st January, 1718, was subse- 
quently created Baron Gage, of Firle, in the co. of Sussex, 
having renounced the religion of his forefathers. 

The Pastons.— In page 115 I have shown how the Pastons, 
of Norfolk, came into the possession of the Horton estate in 
CO. Gloucester. 

William Paston, Esq., of Appleton, co. Norfolk, died on 
24th March, 1673; his wife, Mary (Lawson), survived till 
23rd September, 1679. 

John was the first who settled at Horton. He married 
thrice : 1st, Frances (Tichbome) ; she gave him three sons, 
— William, Clement,* and James, and two daughters, — ^Mary 
and Frances; and died 10th April, 1712. 

Secondly, the Honourable Aiin, daughter of Charles 
Lord Baltimore, and relict of Edward Somerset. She died 
10th February, 1731. 

Thirdly, Catharine Bostock. 

• Is this the Clement Paston, Esq., who, dying at Worcester 17th 
May, 1788, at an advanced age, was buried at 'St. Oswald's cemetery 
there? His widow, Mrs. Mary Isabella Paston, died 11th December, 
1794, and was buried in the same vault. 



126 JCATHOLIC PAMILnSS IN 6LOUCBSTEB8HIRE. 

. This John Paston died 7th October, 1737, set. sixty-eight, 
and was succeeded by his eldest son William. 

In the parish register of Arlington I read, — " 1751. Wil- 
liam Paston, Esq., and Mary Chichester, were married/' But 
this was his second wife, for his first lady was Mary, daughter 
of John Courtenay, of Holland, Esq., by his wife Amy, 
daughter of Thomas, Lord Clifford, baron of Chudleigh. 
His first wife left him an only child, Anna Maria Paston, 
who married, as I find in the said parish register, on Slst 
June, 1748, Greorge Throgmorton, Esq., only son of Sir 
Bobert Throgmorton, Bart. Their sole issue was Ann 
Throgmorton, who dying at Calverleigh Court on 6th Novem- 
ber, 1783, was buried in the Nagle vault of the adjoining 
parish church. 

In the north aisle of Horton church may be seen a memo* 
rial thus inscribed. 

*' Sacred to the memory of William Paston, late of Horton, Esq. 
A man enriched hy Nature and by Art 
With what could please and interest each heart. 
In upper life, by all who saw, approved. 
In lower life, by all who knew him, loved. 
No epitaph his virtues need proclaim. 
His actions ever will endear his name. 
An upright, generous, open-hearted friend. 
Horton, deplore thy Ion, lament his end I * 
He was twice married. His first wife was Mary, daughter of John 
Courtenay, of Holland, in the county of Devon, one of the 
co-heiresses of her brother 
John Courtenay, of the same place, Esq. 
She died Oct. the 29th, a.d. 1747. 
His second wife was Mary, daughter of Giles Chichester, of Arlington, 
in that county, Esq., who, as a grateful testimony of her 
sincere love and affection, 
Caused this monument to be erected to the deceased. 
By his first wife he had issue one daughter, Anna Maria, married to 
George, the only son of Sir Robert Throgmorton, of Weston 
Underwood, in the county of Berks, Bart. 
By his second wife he had no issue. 
He died January the lltli, Anno Dom, 1769, 
iBtatis sues 69. 
Bequieteat in Pace,^ 

Of the influential family of Webb I have had frequent 
occasion to speak. 

Major-Gren. Webb was dreadfully wounded at Newbery 
by case-shot ; but whether in the first battle fought there on 

* He lost his life through the carelessness of a sempstress leaving a 
needle in the sleere of his shirt. His widow died at Weston 17ih June, 
1772. 



CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN OLOI7CESTKII8HIBB. 127 

20th September^ 1648, or in the second/ on 27ih October^ 
1644, 1 am not prepared to say. 

King Charles I. created John Webb, of Odstock, po. 
Wilts, Esq., a baronet, 2nd April, 1644, in consideration of 
the sacrifices made by the family for the royal cause. 

A branch of the Jertdngham family was established at 
Painswick, in Bisley himdred. Sir Henry Jemingham, the 
second baronet of his family, married Mary, daughter of 
Benedict Hall, of High Meadow, Esq. 

The Trinder family of Burton-on-the-Water was Catholic. 
Charles Trinder, serjeant-at-law, was made recorder of 
Gloucester, 8th January, 1687, O.S. We have met as 
chaplains there, F. Placid Nelson, who left in 1717i and 
F. Bennet Bigmaiden, both Benedictines. 

The Theyers, of Cowper's Hill, became Catholic about 
1643. John Thever, Esq., died there, 25th August, 1673. 

A branch of the Berkleys was settled at Beverston, in 
Gloucestershire. Jane, daughter of Sir Bichard Berkeley, 
Knt., taking the religious habit of St. Benedict, was very 
instruments! in the establishment of the first English nunnery 
abroad, yiz., at Brussels. She was blest as its first abbess on 
4th November, 1599. There she ended her pious course on 
2nd August, 1616, set. sixty-one, rel. thirty-five j abbess 
seventeen years. This invaluable community has been 
happily located in Winchester since the first IVench Bevo* 
lution. 

Whilst satisfactory information concerning some other 
Catholic families, — ^the Bartletts, Brents, Kemps, Nevilles, 
&c., eludes my humble researches, still it rejoices the heart 
to contemplate the growing congregations of the faithful in 
the country, — ^to witness the improved style and enlarged 
scale of the churches and chapels, schools and missionary 
premises, — and to enumerate the splendid acauisitions of 
landed property by Catholic converts. To William Leigh, 
Esq., the purchaser of the extensive domain of Woodchester 
Park, religion owes a debt of gratitude for his generous 
protection and encouragement of practical piety by his purse 
and by his example. May the Giver of all good Gifts 
bless him and his saintly family with health and all desired 
prosperity! When I lately visited that monument of his 
piety, the noble church of Our Lady of the Annunciation, 
and said Mass in the exquisite chantry of the Forty Martyrs, 
I felt indeed for the sacrifice that God had recently de- 
manded of him of his eldest daughter Caroline Blanche, She 
was the eflSgy of her parents' piety, and was called away to 



128 CATHOLIC FAMILIES IN OLOUCESTfiRSHIBE. 

receive its reward on IStli September^ 1852* On a brass 
plate was engraved the following inscription : — 

** Hie jacet ad dextram latns sub ara Quadraginta Martyram 
Quod mortale habuit Carolina Blanche Leign, filia dileeta Gnlielmi 

Leigh de Woodchester Park, Armigeii ; et Carolinee 
Uxoris ejus. Pie obiit xy Sept. Anno Dnl. mdccclii. 
^tatis suae vigeaimo aecnndo : cujus animc propitietur Deus." 

And this lover of hospitality and patron of the clergy^ after 
entertaining with the most affectionate care the Most Rev, 
Francis Joseph Nicholson, archbishop of Corfu, during his 
long illness at Woodchester, where he expired on Monday 
night, the SOth of April, 1855, provided all the expenses of 
his grace's funeral in the church of the Annunciation 10th 
of May following, and is preparing to perpetuate the memory 
of the illustrious departed by his recumbent statue dressed 
in his pontificals, on an elevated altar-tomb, to be surrounded 
with brass railings. 

The worthy Dominican fathers of the monastery of the 
Annunciation at Woodchester gratefully dedicated their first 
theses of philosophy and divinity, defended on the 3rd of 
August, 1855, — 

** Optimo ac pnestantiBsimo Viro 

Guhelmo Leigh 

Ordinis Sancti Gregorii Magni, Eqnitiy omatiasimo 

EcdesicB hnjusce Fandatori 

Coenobii etiam Beneuctori munificentessimo 

Grati Animi ergo." 

May they long be enabled to compliment their generous 
patron, and proclaim his merits and increasing honours. 



129 



CHAPTER XIV. 

HfBTORICAL REPORT OF ALL THE RELIGIOUS ESTABLISH MENT8 IX 
THESE SIX WESTERN COUNTIES SINCE THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. 

1. Lanherne, in the Deanery of Pydre, ComwalL 

Here was the seat of the Arundells^ certainly from the time 
of King Henry III., and the manor was held of the see of 
Exeter by military service. — (See Bishop Stapeldon's Register^ 
folios 102, 115, 116, A.D. 1315.) To Lady Jane de Arundell, 
Bishop Brantyngham, on 14th February, 1376, granted the 
license of having divine service performed in the chapel or 
oratory there. — (See p. 29 of the third chapter.) 

The English Theresian nuns have, by God's blessing, been 
settled here since August, 1794. This convent was founded 
at Antwerp on 1st May, 1619, by Lady Ann Lovel. The 
series of the prioresses of this community from the beginning 
may interest the reader. 

1. Ann Wbrsley, who continued in office until her pious 
death in December, 1644. During her government, she gave 
the habit to fifty ladies, and sent a filiation of her religious 
to Dusseldorf. 

2. Ann Wright succeeded early in 1645, but died two 
years later, aged thirty-seven. 

3. Theresa Ward died in the second year of her govern- 
ment, having first established a colony at Lierre in 1648, 
which at the French Revolution removed to Auckland, 
St. Helen's, near Durham. 

4. Lucy Bedingfeld, — She died of the small-pox on 6th 
January, 1650, aged thirty-six. Thus in five years the com- 
munity sustained the loss of three prioresses. This fourth 
was one of many sisters who devoted themselves to God in 
the religious state. 

5. Ann Keynes. — She continued in office nine years, and 
was very instrumental in founding a Carmelite house at 
Mnnsterfeld. 

6. Ann Har court was elected in 1659, and governed the con- 
vent six years. Whilst sub-prioress, she exerted herself most 
zealously in the establishment of a colony at Hoogstraet,**^ 

* At the French Revolution, settled at Canford, co. Dorset. 

K 



130 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THE 

and was elected their first prioress; but she died three weeks 
after, viz. 11th September, 1678. 

7. Margaret Wake de Angelia was elected in 1665. After 
presiding for six years, she obtained a respite from supe- 
riority, but in 1677 was summoned again to resume office, 
which she held until her death, on 2l8t June, 1678. Her 
body was found entire and flexible on 13th August, 1716, 
and BO continued until the beginning of the French Revolu- 
tion, when it was translated from the conventual church to 
be deposited in the episcopal vault within Antwerp cathedral. 

8. Mary Wigmore was elected in 1671, and remained pri- 
oress for six years ; re-elected in 1687 ; ob. 1697. 

9. Frances Turner succeeded in 1678, filled the office for 
six years, and died in 1693. 

10. Mary Sonias, a native of Antwerp, supplied the office 
for three years. 

11. Mary Burton was elected in 1687, and held the reins 
of government for fifteen years. 

12. Mary Birkbeck was elected in 1702, and, according to 
my correspondent, " was many years prioress off and on.'' 

13. Delphina Smith, who did not survive her election much 
more than a twelvemonth. 

14. Theresa Bond was chosen her successor in 1732, and 
died in the third year of office. 

15. Theresa Howard governed the community for fifteen 
years. 

16. Mary Howard, elected in 1750, resigned at the end of 
thirteen years. 

17. Ann Homes succeeded in January, 1763, and died in 
October, 1764. 

18. Theresa Mary Howard was elected in 1764, and died 
in office 26th July, 1775. 

19. Frances Maddocks was now called upon to assume the 
reins of government for the three next years, and was re-elected 
on the death of her successor in October, 1784. Within 
twelve years later she was forced, with her twelve nuns and 
three lay sisters, to abandon their beloved convent on 29th 
June, 1794, and hurrying from French rapacity to Rotter- 
dam, took shipping there, and reached London on 12th July. 
In the ensuing month they were comfortably settled at Lan- 
heme. This venerable superior laid down her office, which 
had tried her constitution severely, in 1797, and on 19th 
January was called to receive the reward of her meritorious 
life in the sixty- ninth year of her age, and forty- seventh of 
her religious profession. 



KBLI010U8 ESTABLISHMENTS. 181 

20. Mary Breni, who had beea elected in 1778^ died in 
office 18th October, 1784. 

21. Mary Wright, a very saperior person^ succeeded in 
1797, and continued in office until her death, 11th February, 
1814, set. sixty-one. 

22. Mary Charlotte Stewart. — This amiable reverend 
mother was elected in 1814, and after presiding for six years, 
was re-elected for another triennium in March, 1829. Obiit 
9th August, 1832. 

23. Mary Theresa Tolozan entered upon office 11th March, 
1820, and filled it for nine years successively ; was re-elected 
in March, 1835, but resigned about five years later. 

24. Mary Magdalen Done was elected in March, 1832. 

25. Mary Aloysia Anion was elected in March, 1840, and 
served the office for six years. 

26. Elizabeth Theresa DumbeU governed the community 
for three years, from 1849. 

27. Mary Joseph Pegg was elected 3rd March, 1849. 
N.B. The above reverend mother, Elizabeth Theresa Dum« 

bell, was re-elected 3rd March, 1852, and on 14th March, 1855, 
for another triennium, was re-elected Mary Joseph Pegg. 

2. Clare House, Plymouth, 

The English Convent of Poor Clares, at Gravelines,* was 
the mother house to the religious establishments of the 
order, first, at Aire, in 1629 ; secondly, at Rouen, in 1644, 
and at Dunkirk, in 1655. 

Some of the ladies who commenced the house at Gra- 
velines had made their profession in the Franciscan Convent, 
called Nazareth, near Veere, in Walcheren. The commu- 
nity had flourished there for nearly a century, when the 
rapid successes of the Huguenots compelled the inmates to 
quit on 24th April, 1572, and to take refuge from the 
advancing enemy in Veere itself. On 11th of the following 
month they had to endure the indescribable affliction of 
beholding, from the town walls, the conflagration of their 
beloved monastery. Leaving Veere on 17th July, they 

* The commanity was providentially preserved in their persons, 
though not in their buildings, from the explosion of the royal magazines 
in the centre of the town, between ten and eleven o'clock of the morning 
of 28th May, 1654. Bat I collect, that as early as 3rd November, 1626, 
the convent was nearly burnt to the ground. According to the Thurloe 
State Papers, vol. ii. p. 306, they sustained injury in July, 1668, when 
the town was besieged and taken by the combined forces of England 
and France. 

K 2 



132 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THB 

wandered during the next four days in great misery, and 
perpetual fear of falling into the hands of the Huguenots; but 
by God's blessing safely reached the city of Antwerp. After 
nine years' residence with the Poor Clares there, the growing 
ascendancy of the Calvinists in the town compelled them 
to abandon these happy cloisters; and on 20th July, 1581, 
they took shipping for St. Omer's. In this city they expe- 
rienced every charitable attention from the English Jesuits, 
who procured for them quarters in the " Archers' House," 
then belonging to the Government ; and at the expiration of 
thirteen years, the use of all those premises. But as these 
were found inconvenient, their friends. Count de Gournerall 
and Edward Gage, of Bentley, Esq., especially, aided Mrs. 
Mary Ward to obtain an eligible site in Gravelines for a new 
convent in 1607. With the approbation of the bishop of 
St. Omer's, sister Mary Stephana Goudge, with four religious, 
left St. Omer's fur Gravelines on 7th November, 1608, to 
commence this new house of Nazareth ; and on 3rd of May 
following, all the community was installed in it, and Mary 
Stephana Goudge was declared its first abbess. During 
the five years of her superiority, she is thus described, " Non 
tam imperio praefuit, quam exemplo profuit." Ob. 23rd 
November, 1613, set. thirty-six. 

But to confine our attention to the house at Aire, in 
Artois, which was founded in 1629, their first abbess was, 

1. Margaret Radcliffe, a lady of great experience in 
spiritual life. She held her rank for seven years. She died 
26th July, 1654, aet. seventy-two, rel. forty-four. 

2. Catharine Clare Keynes governed the house for eight 
years. Ob. 20th November, 1646, set. twenty-seven, rel. 
thirty-four. 

3. Frances Golding served for one triennium. She sur- 
vived until 17th October, 1658, set. thirty-nine, rel. nineteen. 

4. Elizabeth Eveling for upwards of twenty years was 
superioress. Ob. 23rd September, 1669, set. seventy-two, 
rel. fifty. 

5. Mary Giffard held the office but eight months, dying 
6th September, 1670, set. forty-eight, rel. thirty-three. 

6. Martha Wilford presided for eight years. Obiit 14th 
August, 1678, set. sixty-two, rel. thirty-nine. 

7. Etheldred Audry Randolph was abbess for the next 
twenty years. Ob. 24th February, 1698, set. sixty-seven, 
rel. thirty. 

8. IVinefred Orrell succeeded; but died 8th December, 
1702. 

9. Margaret Dodd vias permitted to resign her dignity 



RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 133 

27th April, 1719, from old age and deafness. She died 
3rd May, 1726, »t. eighty-five, rel. fifty nine. 

10. Jane Metcalfe for the next twenty years continued in 
office. Ob. 26th Pebraary, 1743, set. seventy-one, rel. fifty- 
one. 

11. Magdalen Clare Hales held superiority eight years, 
and died 7th September, 1748, set. seventy-seven, rel. fifty- 
one. 

12. Elizabeth Tfieresa Sykes was abbess for thirteen 
months only, when she was hurried to the tomb. 

13. Jane Pye governed the house for six years. Ob. 
21st April, 1756, aet. sixty-six, rel. forty-two. 

14. Agnes Warner died two years after her election, viz. 
4th July, 1 759, aet. forty -five, rel. nineteen. 

15. Bridget Clare Blundell supplied the next triennium, 
and died 2nd February, 1763, aet. seventy-five, rel. forty- 
two. 

16. Mary Frances Dickinson. — ^This venerable mother, 
after presiding for twenty-one years, died on 6th January, 
1780, aged eighty-two, rel. sixty-two, jubilariau twelve. 

17. Mary Catherine Hodgson, elected in 1780, and hers 
was truly a painful pre-eminence. After her community 
]iad lived in peace and comfort, she had to experience the 
desolating hurricane of the French Revolution. They were 
confined and guarded as prisoners in their own convent; 
their confessor, F. Pacificus Kingston, was torn from them, 
and thrown into a dungeon preparatory to his execution, 
as expected the next morning; this would have taken 
place, if the news had not reached Aire the night before 
that Robespierre had been executed on 28th Jidy, 1794.'^ 
But these ladies were doomed to strict confinement for 
a lengthened period, and were denied permission to pro- 
ceed to England until the autumn of 1799. In the late 
Thomas Weld, of Lullworth, they met a soothing comforter 
and generous protector. His only sister, Mary Euphrasia,t 

* In paffe 14 of the Directory of 1796, I read, ** Their chaplain, tlie 
Rev. Mr. Kington, is reported to have been guillotined for having ven- 
tured to exercise his spiritual functions." The truth is, he providentially 
escaped the fate prepared for him, as I have heard him relate the story. 
More of him in the Second Part. He died at Osmundley, corruptly 
called Osmotherley, co. York, 18th February, 1727, a)t, seventy-tm-ee, 
Ab for Robespierre, the following epitaph was made for him : — 

*' Passant, ne pleure pas son sort ; 
Car, s'il vivait, tu serais mort." 

t This venerable lady died at Clare House, Plymouth, on 12th March, 
1823^ aged sixty-nine. 



134 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THE 

who had long been a religious of this monastery, was^ with 
her community, complimented with the free use of his seat 
at Britwell^ in Oxfordshire;, and here they remained until 
1813, when they were transferred to their abode at Coxside, 
near Plymouth, which they denominated Clare House. 

On 4th September, 1812, obtaining permission to resign 
her office, the venerable ex-abbess quitted Britwell House 
with her sisters, for Plymouth, and died at Clare House on 
19th November, 1818, at the age of seventy-three, and 
fifty-sixth of her religious profession. 

18. Sutanrudi Mills was elected abbess on the resigna- 
tion of the Reverend Mother Hodgson. She also obtained 
permission to resign her dignity on 2nd July, 1818. She 
died on 8th March, 1823. 

19. Clare Conyers, who had been professed at Aire, on 
13th September, 1770, set. twenty. one, was elected abbess 
on the resignation of the Reverend Mother Mills. 

20. Mary Lucy Crump, elected abbess 5th June, 1830, 
and served the o£Sce for three years. Her death occurred on 
11th June, 1885, aet. forty-six. 

21. Josephine Simmons was elected 6th May, 1833. To 
the regret of numerous friends, and whilst in the enjoyment 
of many comforts, and several advantages, this abbess de- 
termined to quit Clare House for Gravelines. Accordingly, 
with her community, she bade adieu to Plymouth on 28th 
May, 1834 ; and after an unusually tedious passage, reached 
Oravelines on 6th June. There she died four mouths later, 
on 24th October, 1834, aet. fifty-three, rel. twenty-four. 
The community, naturally enough, grew very dissatisfied 
with their new quarters, and made arrangements with the 
nuns at Soorton, in Yorkshire, to admit them into their 
convent. These Poor Clarists, a filiation also from Gravelines 
monastery, had resided at Dunkirk from 1655, respected 
and honoured, for nearly a century and a half, when they 
were driven away by the terrors of the French Revolution. 
In May, 1794, they fortunately found a refuge at Churchill 
Wood, near Worcester, where they tarried until 1807, when 
they removed to Scorton aforesaid. 

In conclusion I may add, that during the residence of the 
worthy community at Clare House, Plymouth, eleven of their 
members died; also two Franciscan Friars, FP. William 
Casemore and James Summers, were buried in their con- 
ventual cemetery. It may also be proper to notice, that a 
few children of their gardener, Mr. Collins, were interred 
there by permission. 



RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 135 



3. The Lodge at Taunton, 

This convent is of the third order of St. Francis of Assisium, 
— a rule originally (1221) intended for persons of either sex, 
single or married, who desired to lead a life of particular 
devotion and penance in the world. Within a century later, 
from a mere confraternity, it was raised to the rank of a 
religious order in the Church. 

I compiled the history of this English convent of St. 
Elizabeth for '^ Dolman^s Magazine,^' and refer the reader 
to it for detailed information. Suffice it to relate here, that 
two English widows, Mrs. Lucy Sleford and Mrs. Petronilla 
Kemp, under the direction of P. John Gennings, the reviver 
of the English Province of Friars Minors,* had assumed the 
habit of this third order at Brussels, in 1619, under the 
firm resolve to erect a monastery of this order for the English 
nation, — ^that they made their solemn profession 29th May, 
1620, — that Isabella Kemp was summoned over to England 
by F. William Stanney, and returned to Brussels with 
Mrs. Wilcox {olim Greenbury), the widow of Bowland 
Wilcox, a silk-merchant, and citizen of London ; and shortly 
after, she was sent back to escort six young ladies from 
England; amongst whom were the two Misses Hockley, 
whose mother, Dorothy, was niece to the Venerable Richard 
Whiting, last abbot of Glastonbury, so revengefully and 
iniquitously executed by Henry VIII. on 15th November, 
1539. 

With this accession of numbers and means, they were 
enabled to purchase, for £750 sterling, a house in Brussels, 
in a street called " Buckbuere Straet,^' and on 9th August, 
1621, F. Andrew ^ Soto, the Commissary-General, residing 
at Brussels, duly sanctioned this establishment, and, ad 
interimj deputed Margaret de Castro, a nun of St. James's 
Convent at Ghent, and Beatrix Raminas, of Valenciennes, 
to superintend. This arrangement continued until the year 
following, when two English sisters of the convent at 
Gravelines, Margaret and Elizabeth Radcliffe, were directed 
to undertake the government and direction of this interesting 
community. These excellent ladies, after deeply implanting 
the spirit of their seraphic founder in the hearts of their 
precious charge, returned to their convent at Gravelines, 

* Thb venerable patriarch, the restorer and first provincial of his 
brethren, died in St. Bonaventnre's Convent at Douay, according to the 
inscribed slab in its diorch, 12th November, 1660, eet. ninety ; Miss. 
60, Prof. 44. 



136 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THE 

loaded with the blessings and homage of the grateful chil- 
dren in Jesus Christ. During their four years' stay at Brussels 
thirty-nine had taken the veil, and thirty-two were professed. 

The community was now enabled to choose a superior 
from their own members, and their election fell on Catharine 
Prances Wilcox {oUm Grreenbury, above mentioned), about 
Michaelmas, 1626. Everything promised well, and the 
numbers increased; yet such is the uncertainty of all 
earthly affairs, such the intermixture of prosperity and tribu- 
lation in human life, that during her government it was 
deemed indispensable to remove their residence from Brus- 
sels to Nieuport, near Ostend. This measure was adopted in 
1637, on account of the difficulty of subsistence in so dear a 
place as Brussels^ and the confined limits there of their con- 
ventual premises. Yet what they gained for the next quarter 
of a century in cheapness and room, they lost in the unwhole- 
someness of the climate. No less than thirty -seven of the 
community fell victims to its influence. Add to this, in 
consequence of the troublesome times in England, their 
resources from that quarter sensibly diminished ; and then 
the wars between Spain and France added greatly to their 
anxieties and miseries. But that loving providence of God, 
who permits all the trials of His servants (as St. Paul so 
beautifully sets it forth in his Epistle to the Hebrews) for 
their greater good, and has pledged Himself never to leave 
and abandon them, now visibly appeared in their rescue. 
At the restoration of monarchy in England, their hopes 
revived ; friends and benefactors generously came forward,* 
and purchased for them the large antiquated palace once 
inhabited by the dukes of Burgundy, and in which Philip I. 
of Spain was bom. It was called Princenhoff, in the city 
of Bruges. 

On 13th June, 1662, the vicaress, the Kev. Mother 
Eyston, was sent to Bruges with eleven nuns, and, pro tem- 
pore, took up their lodgings in the house of Mr. Ford, an 
English merchant, James-street. In November the Rev. 
Mother Abbess Brenkurst joined them with the rest of the 
community ; and on Ist March, all repairs being completed, 
they joyfully entered the very capacious and convenient monas- 
tery of Princenhoff. Their church of our Blessed Lady of 
Dolors was solemnly blessed and dedicated by the bishop of 
Bruges on 18th May, 1661. Here the convent, with the excel- 

• Amongst them we may specify Henry, duke of Norfolk : the Oneate 
family ; Henry, earl of Dover, who gave them £500 and the beautiful 
nlate of his private chapel ; the Ravenscroft family, &c. Lady Mary 
fenyham (ofim Engl efi eld) gave them the Remonstrance. 



RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 187 

lent school for a limited number of young ladies^ continued 
to flourish, with God's blessing, for more than 130 years, 
%vhen the successes of the French arms and the advance of 
the revolutionary troops compelled them, on 15th June, 
1794, to bid adieu to their peaceful, happy abode, and look 
for safety in old England. 

But we will briefly supply the list of abbesses. Consider- 
ing that the elections are triennial, and that the nuns are at 
liberty to re-elect the old, or substitute a new superior, it is 
pleasing to observe how few changes, comparatively, have 
taken place within the last 230 years. I may alsct add, 
that this community dates its commencement from the date 
of the profession of Mrs. Wilcox and her six companions, 
viz., 10th August, 1621. 

The first abbess, Catharine Frances Wilcox, elected in 
1626, governed the house with deserved commendation. In 
the eleventh year of her presidency (1637) she had to remove 
with her charge to Nieuport. Resigning her dignity in 
November, 1640, she meekly departed to our Lord on 17th 
February, 1642, set. forty-seven. 

2. Margaret Clare West succeeded, and died in office in 
1653, set. fifty-two. 

3. Barbara Paul Perkins presided from the last-mentioned 
year until her happy death in October, 1661, set. fifky-one. 
And thus the three first abbesses were, in great measure, early 
victims to the insalubrious atmosphere of Nieuport. 

4. Susan Gabriel Brinkhurst was unanimously elected 
abbess late in 1661. Soon after her appointment, the trans- 
migration took place to Bruges. During her lengthened 
term of government, she endeared herself to her subjects by 
her patience and courage under every difficulty. The vene- 
rable lady resigned her office in 1694, and died at Princenhoff 
in the following February, set. seventy-four. 

5. Elizabeth Mary Walton was elected in 1674, but after 
a short illness, two years later, was summoned to a better 
world, and her predecessor was re-elected to the office. 

6. Mary Magdalen Smith, on the retirement of the fourth 
abbess in 1694, succeeded ; and at the end of a triennium, 
obiit 1713. 

7. Henrietta Maria Moore, a very accomplished and 
talented religious, served the office for the next three years. 
Obiit 1704. 

8. Margaret Clare Roper, distinguished by birth and 
abilities ; she governed the house with admirable discretion 
for nineteen years, and died in office in 1719, set. sixty-four. 

9. Alethea Helen Metham, — After nine years of superiority, 



138 BISTO&ICAL REPORT OF THE 

she prevailed on her children to release her from her charge, 
in consideration of her precarious health, in 1728. She 
survived two years after her retirement. 

10. Frances Theresa Hill was elected abbess at the age of 
8is.ty-two; but she was wonderfully vigorous in mind and 
body. At the age of eighty she could hardly obtain her 
provincial's consent to retire from active duty. This vene- 
rable lady survived till 1st May, 1757, set. ninety-two, rel. 
seventy-two, jub. twelve. 

11. Mary Ignatia Lawson was judged the fittest person to 
succeed the Abbess Hill in the eventful year of 1745, and 
held the reins of government for thirty-seven years, when 
she was reluctantly permitted to resign her dignity j and 
gently slept in our Lord on the eve of Holy Innocents, 1783, 
aged seventy-two, rel. fifty-five. 

12. Mary Gertrude Simeon Weld, the only child of 
Thomas Simeon Weld, of Aston Hall, Staffordshire, Esq., 
and Mary Fitzherbert his wife, who had been great benefac- 
tors to the convent,''^ was the very image of their piety and 
goodness. In her seventeenth year she consecrated herself 
to God; in due time she was appointed vicaress, in 1774, and 
in 1779 was placed at the head of the scholars, winning the 
hearts of all under her charge. In October, 1782, she was 
called to fill the office of abbess. The growing discontents 
in the Low Countries, the progress of revolutionary princi- 
ples, and the subsequent successes of the French armies, 
excited her acute solicitude for the safety of her dear com- 
munity, and demanded the exercise of all her energies. 
Though it must have gone to her heart to think of bidding a 
final adieu to their charming convent, where lay the remains 
of her honoured parents, she clearly foresaw the sacrifice 
must be made ; but she meekly bowed to the holy will of 
her Ood, and her self-possession and tranquillity of soul 
kept alive the courage and confidence of her attached sub- 
jects. On Trinity Sunday, 15th June, 1794, after an early 
Mass and Communion, and their last looks of their sweet 
convent taken, they proceeded to Delft, waiting there for a 
passage to England. On 7th August they reached Green- 
wich. Her cousin-german, Thomas Weld, of LuUworth, 

* The father died at BruBsels in 1764, but his remains were brought 
to PrincenhofF for interment. Ilis widowed lady, who had been educated 
there, now petitioned to be received as a novice, and after a twelve- 
month's probation made her religious vows. Almighty God accepted 
her self-sacrifice, and in October, 17C0, called her up to receive her 
retribution in her forty-ninth year, leaving the legacy of the best 
example to this edifying community. 



RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 189 

Esq.^ came forward as a protector and fiE^her. Already he 
had secured the Abbey House iu Winchester for their recep- 
tion. About the middle of August^ the mother abbess^ and 
a few of her thirty-five subjects, were enabled to take posses- 
sion of the premises^ and by the 28th^ all had been collected 
together, besides three French nuns, O.S.A., to whom this 
charitable abbess had afforded hospitality during the reign 
of terror. But here another tribulation awaited her. The 
very first person she professed at Winchester, the eldest 
daughter of her generous kinsman and benefactor, Mr. Weld, 
Juliana Frances de Sales Weld, a most promising and edify- 
ing religious, was called away to her eternal recompense 
on 27th October, 1800, aet. twenty-seven, rel. eight. She 
shortly survived this severe trial, and died on 12th May 
following, set. sixty-four. 

18. Jane Frances de Chantal Hawse, whom to know was 
to venerate, was unanimously elected to supply the loss of 
the late beloved abbess. 

Within very few years after her appointment, it was found 
indispensable either to build considerably, or to remove 
elsewhere. The latter was resolved on. Their friends were 
on the look-out^ and recommended at last the site intended 
for a general hospital, near Taunton, the foundation-stone of 
which had been laid, on a gentle and healthy eminence, by 
Lord North, 29th September, 1772. After covering in the 
buildings, the design, in consequence of the failure of funds, 
was laid aside, and the premises were sold to defray ex- 
penses, and purchased by the Cole family, who called it 
the Lodge. With this family a satisfactory bargain was 
concluded in May, 1807. All friends agreed that a more 
eligible situation could not be desired for convenience, for 
health, for the respectability of the neighbourhood, and the 
superiority of the markets. The abbess, with a colony of 
nuns, and the young ladies of the school, were the first 
arrivals at the Lodge; the remainder by 2nd June, 1808, 
were all safely and happily reunited in this very cheerful 
and roomy mansion. They were thirty-five in community 
when they quitted Winchester. 

This reverend mother had cause to rejoice in this change 
of locality, and the progressive prosperity of her establish- 
ment, the visible benediction of Heaven resting upon it. 
Having now presided for thirty years, she obtained permis- 
sion to resign. Seven years later she resigned her precious 
soul into the hands of her Creator on 11th October, 1888, 
aet. eighty-six, rel. sixty-nine.* 

• See Appendix No. VI. 



140 HISTORICAL REPORT OP THE 

14. Winefred llieresa Berington, elder sister to the prioress 
of Spetisburg, bom 26th October, 1773, was elected in 1831. 
After gaining all hearts by her gentle virtues, at the end of 
sixteen years' faithful administration she was permitted to 
resign her dignity, but continued to benefit the community 
by her wisdom and luminous example until her happy death 
on 27th January, 1856, at. eighty-two, rel. sixty-five. 

15. Frances Agnes Jemingham, daughter of William Jer- 
niugham, Esq., who took the religious habit in 1828, and 
made her profession a twelvemonth later, on the anniversary 
of the foundation of the convent (10th August), was elected 
abbess on 4th May, 1847, and does honour to her station. 

4. Canford, 

This Carmelite community was settled for thirty years at 
Canford House, near Poole, in Dorsetshire. It was originally 
a filiation from the Theresians of Antwerp (see p. 129), and 
was founded at Hoogstraet on 18th August, 1678, under 
tlic title of " Domus B. Teresia k Jesu,'' by the Lady Gabriel 
de la Laing, bom Countess of Hoogstraet and Benenbourg, 
widow of Charles Florentine Wild Rheingrave, count of 
Salm, &c., Lieutenant-General of the infantry of the United 
Provinces, and Governor of Breda. There these holy recluses 
flourished in peace and comfort until the French anarchists 
lighted up the torch of war, and spread consternation and 
panic around them. Quitting their happy home on 7th July, 
1794, they readied England on the 13th, and took up their 
residence at Friars-place, Acton, until December, when Sir 
John Webb and his only daughter and heiress, Lady Barbara, 
fifth countess of Shaftesbury, afforded them a much better 
asylum at Canford House. I proceed to ofier the succesi^ 
sion of the prioresses. 

1. Ann Harcourt, who held office but for three weeks, 
dying on 11th September, 1678. 

2. Aloysia Wright succeeded for the next three years. She 
died in 1694, aet. fifty-seven. 

3. Theresa IVakeman, after presiding for six years, re« 
turned to the mother house at Antwerp, whence she passed 
to eternity. 

4. Mary Howard, elected 20th September, 1687, and 
served a triennium. Ob. 8th April, 1728. 

6. Margaret Burlan was prioress for six years successively ; 
after an interval of another six years she was re-elected 
prioress, and died in office an. 1713. 

6. Mary Theresa Rheingrave, daughter of the pious foun« 



RELIOIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 141 

dress. She took the habit 15th October, 1679, and was 
professed in the following year. On 22nd September, 1696, 
she was elected prioress, and governed the house for six years. 
On the death of Prioress Burlan she was reinstated, and died 
in office 6th February, 1715, set. fifty-four. 

7. Theresa Stepney succeeded in 1715, and filled the place 
of superioress for three years. 

8. Seraphina Busby followed in 1722, and remained in 
office for a triennium. 

9. Agnes Frances Burton, formerly prioress of Lierre con- 
vent, was elected in 1725. 

10. Mary Burnett was the next superioress, but died within 
a twelvemonth. 

11. Mary York, who died in office 2l8t September, 1742. 

12. Isabella Burnett, after presiding for fourteen years, 
died also in office in 1756. 

13. Mary Ann Hunter was elected 28th July, 1756, and 
held her rank until her happy death 25th April, 1765. 

14. Mary Parkinson, elected 28rd May, 1765, died 
prioress, on Lady-day, 1774. 

15. Bemardine Theresa Matthews, elected 13th April, 
1774. After governing her house for sixteen years with 
much commendation, with episcopal sanction she departed 
with two other members to establish a Carmelite nunnery in 
Maryland, on 19th April, ^790. There she died 12th June, 
1800, aet. sixty-seven. 

.16. Ann Hill, elected 24th April, 1790, had to expe- 
rience the miseries of emigration from her convent. She 
ended her. days at Canford House on 29th October, 1813, 
«t. seventy-nine, rel. fifty-nine. 

17. Mary Errington (in religion, Magdalen of St. Theresa) 
was elected at Canford on 2nd February, 1795, and con- 
tinued her superiority until her lamented death on 14th 
December, 1810, aet. sixty-two, rel. forty-six. 

18. Mary Oswaldine Errington succeeded 14th January, 
1811, and died in office on 9th May, 1813, aet. seventy-one, 
rel. fifty-three. 

19. Mary Jessop, elected 13th May, 1813. 

20. Mary Theresa Duck. — Lady Barbara (the only child 
of Anthony Ashley, fifth earl of Shaftesbury, by his wife 
Barbara,^ olim Webb), having married the Hon. William 
Francis Spenser Ponsonby on 5th August, 1814, created Lord 
De Mauley, and they requiring ten years to take possession of 

* The earl died in 1811, and allowed his Catholic wife to retain 
her private chaplain at St. Giles's, Dorset. Her ladyship lived till 
5th Octoher, 1816. Lady De Mauley died on 5th June, 1844. 



142 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THB 

Canford House^ the nuns had to provide for themselves another 
residence. Under the direction of their excellent friend and 
chaplain, TAbbe Mar^t, they quitted Canford in September, 
1825, and sailing on 14th, arrived on 24th at Torigni, on the 
opposite coast of France, between Cherbourg and Coutance. 
After full five years' settlement there, they moved to a 
more convenient seat at Valognes in September, 1830, where 
I hope they proceed prosperously. Quod fount Deus ! 

5. Cannington, 

The Benedictine Dames of Paris, in the Champ de 
I'Alouette (Lark Field), were a filiation from that English 
convent at Cambray, founded in December, 1623, and which 
was also a colony from the mother house at Brussels, the 
first of all our continental nunneries, for it dates its origin 
from the year 1587. 

From the chapter archives and other documents I will 
condense my historical synopsis of this interesting convent 
at Paris. 

In consequence of the failure of both interest and prin- 
cipal of considerable funds during the civil wars in England, 
and likewise the impoverished state of our English Catholic 
families during that calamitous epoch of persecution, the 
monastery at Cambray was reduced to such extremity, that 
the very rev. president of the English Benedictines, F. Placid 
Oascoigne, decided on drafting off several, and placing them 
at Paris. With this view, he selected Dame dementia 
Cary, and her sister Mary, with a lay sister, as harbingers, 
to begin with. Accompanied by the Rev. P. Serenus 
Cressy, O.S.B., they were lodged at the convent of the 
Austin Nuns on their arrival at Paris, Their first appeal was 
to Henrietta Maria, the queen-mother of King Charles II., 
who had been well acquainted formerly with Dame Clementia 
Cary at the English court. This lady and her sister Mary 
could not be the dattghters " of the great and gallant 
Lord Viscount Falkland, so celebrated for his life and his 
death in the time of Charies 1.'^ (as Dr. Milner asserted in 
the Directory of 1796, p. 10), but hi* sisters.^ The kind 
reception they met with from her majesty and suite, and 

• Their father, Henry Cary, was created Lord Falkland 10th Novem- 
ber, 1620, and within two years was made Yicerov of Ireland. He died 
in September, 1633, leaving a son, Lucius, who tell in tlie first battle 
of Newbery, 20th September, 1643, set. thirty- four. — The queen- 
dowager awve mentioned was privately married to Henry Jermyn^ earl 
of St. Alban's, and died at St. Colombia 10th August, 1669. 



RKLIOIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 143 

from the nobility and gentry of the French court, encouraged 
the said F. President to send from Cambray four other choir 
nuns and a lay sister; viz. Dame Bridget Moore, Dame 
Elizabeth Brent, Dame Justina Gascoigne, Dame Marina 
Appleton, and sister Gertrude Hodgson. All went into a 
hired house prepared for them on 20th February, 1652, and 
Dame Bridget Moore was appointed superioress ; for Mother 
dementia Gary could never be prevailed upon, from her 
extraordinary humility, to accept any office of distinction. 

''We continued in hired houses,^' says a correspondent, 
''until 12th March, 1664, when a gentleman (Monsieur de 
Touche) waited upon us, and conducted in a coach Mother 
Clementia, and some of the community, to have our opinion 
of another residence that he had been looking out for us. 
On our arrival we were wonderfully surprised at meeting 
several of our friends there, with lawyers, notaries, architects, 
and masons. We could not but express how pleased we 
were with the house and its situation, when the gentleman 
aforesaid led us into a private room, and thus addressed us : 
' My reverend mother, it is not without mystery that I made 
a particular choice of this day, the festival of St. Gregory 
the Great, by whose means the whole English nation was 
converted through the preaching of St. Augustine, of the 
holy order of St. Bennet. So I, though unworthy, am 
desirous on this day to be instrumental in beginning a 
monastery of. the same holy order and nation, trusting it 
will prove a work much to the honour and glory of God ; 
and that this place of solitude may become a dwelling for 
many souls, and true spouses of Jesus Christ, who will seek 
and aspire after nothing but Him.' We returned home 
transported with joy, blessing and praising God for His 
infinite goodness and providence towards us. This happening 
on St. Gregory's day, much increased our devotion to this 
glorious saint ; and, conformably to the offering we make of 
ourselves, immediately after pronouncing our solemn vows, 
we add, — 

" ' I, Sister N. N., do further, according to the vocation 
and holy institute of this convent, offer myself and all my 
actions for the conversion of England, &c., for which this 
monastery was particularly instituted.' " 

Into their new residence the whole community was enabled 
to remove on 2nd April, 1664, and it proved to them a terres- 
trial paradise for nearly 130 years, when they had to pass 
through the ordeal of persecution. 

Before their arrestation on 3rd October, 1793, they had to 
suffer occasionally from the domiciliary visits of the French 



144 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THE 

democrats^ and others ; but they still enjoyed the consolation 
of remaining alone within their own walls^ and pursuing 
their routine of religious exercises. In the beginning of 
December their confessor was taken from them^ and their 
convent was filled with prisoners of all classes. This sadly 
incommoded them; and their feelings were acutely pained at 
witnessing several of these victims led off to the guillotine^ 
not knowing if their turn would be next, and suffering 
much during their confinement from cold, and hunger, and 
destitution of every comfort. On 15th July, 179 if, they 
received their last domestic search, which lasted from late 
that evening until the following afternoon, and then at night 
hU were consigned to a dark dungeon, which their jailers had 
prepared for refractory prisoners. Here they waited until 
the coaches were ready to convey them to the Castle of 
Vincennes, about three leagues distant from Paris. They 
arrived at their destination about one o'clock in the morning, 
and had then to mount to their apartments, which were four 
rooms at the top of the tower. In these dreary quarters, 
where they had very little light, they tasted what real 
poverty was; and what added to their distress was the 
alarming illness of their reverend mother. It was generally 
believed that they were marked victims of death; indeed, 
they fully expected this would be the case ; but the death of 
Robespierre, on 28th July, 1794, prevented this consumma- 
tion. Still, their miserable confinement here lasted until 
7th August, when they were carted off to the convent of 
the English Austin Dames in the Fosse St. Victor. Those 
good ladies received them most cordially. They were to be 
allowed three livres per day for each. Here, comparatively, 
they were at ease ; and by management every member of the 
community experienced the happiness of confession and 
communion, of which they had been bereaved since 1st 
December, 1793. This return of spiritual consolation was 
effected on 17th January, 1795. At last permission was 
obtained to have Mass celebrated. The Austin Nuns 
immediately prepared an altar in their infirmary, and the 
Rev. Mr. Fitzpatrick, chaplain to the Conceptionists, or 
Blue Nuns of Paris (who were likewise confined with them), 
said this first Mass, at which all three English communities 
assisted with inexpressible joy, reciting the " Veni Creator " 
and " Te Deum.'' 

The narrative proceeds : " Our bodily sustenance became 
very sparing, — a pound of meat once in ten days, very little 
bread, and sometimes an egg. Salad was the only thing we 
could procure, of which we partook twice a day.*' The 



RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 145 

prioress^ seeing her community i^asting away^ after due 
consultation^ applied for passports to return to England^ 
which, by great interest, and after much hesitation and 
delay, were finally granted. The first division left Paris on 
19th June, 1795. All landed safe at Dover on 3rd July, 
and recognized a kind benefactress in Mrs. TunstaU, who 
had prepared a house in London for their reception. They 
lost no time in obtaining leave to keep the blessed Sacrament 
in this house, and then resumed their choir duties, rising to 
Matins at four a.m., which they had been unable to do from 
24th November, 1793, till the 9th or 10th July, 1795. Here 
they continued for fiilly three months. Lady Arundell, whose 
tender heart had wept for their distresses, in the mean 
while was arranging for their reception, Marnhull House,'^ 
CO. Dorset, into which part of the community was transferred 
on 30th September, and soon after they became conventually 
settled. Until a chaplain could be procured, in the person 
of TAbb^ Pelletier, they were obliged to attend the Sunday 
Mass at the village chapel ; but on the feast of the Presenta- 
tion of our Lady, the community, with tears of joy, and 
with grateful hearts to God, resumed their religious habit 
and observances.. In 1807, circumstances rendering it 
necessary for the Hussey family, the owners of Marnhull, 
to resume possession, Charles Lord Clifford generously 
afforded them an asylum in Court House, Cannington. This 
delightful residence had special charms in their eyes, as 
having been a priory of Benedictine Dames before the 
suppression of monasteries in England. Here they flourished 
greatly, and edified and sanctified the vicinity; here they 
commenced the perpetual adoration of the blessed sacrament 
on 2nd February, 1829 ; and here they opened a large and 
beautiM chapel on 7th July, 1831. To the regret of* the 
poor, of the neighbourhood, and the diocese, they left Can- 
nington for a freehold property called Mount Pavilion, now 
St. Benedict, co. Stafford. It was an estate of fifty acres, 
with. a capital mansion, erected/ without regard to expense, 

* During their twelve years' residence there^ a credulous magistrate, of 
the name of Frampton, waited upon these religious ladies, and informed 
tliem that he must search their premises for Napoleon Buonaparte, who 
he was credibly instructed lay concealed there,^ — that he had a painful 
duty to perform, — ^that resistance was unavailing, as he had abundant 
force to oack him, and demanded their keys and aid. to apprehend the 
king's enemy. The search was rigorously made, but proved abortive. 
On quitting, the prioress assured him she was not surprised at the 
result, — ^that her convent at Paris had been as strictly searche4 for« 
William Pitt by the French authorities, and with similar success ! 



146 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THE 

by Lord Tarn worth; and was purchased on 21st March^ 
1835, for jE5y^30. Into this charming residence the com- 
munity removed early in August, 1836. 

During their residence at Caunington, nineteen members 
were buried. 

I may now be permitted to furnish a list of the prioresses 
from the beginning. 

1. Bridget More, a descendant in a direct line from the 
immortal Sir Thomas More. She was elected 20th February, 
1652; after governing the house for thirteen and a hidf 
years^ she was released from superiority. Ob. 12th October, 
1692, set. eighty-three. 

2. Juaiina Gascoigne, daughter of Sir Thomas Gascoigne, 
Bart.,^ that venerable confessor, and niece to the president 
of his brethren, F. Placid Gascoigne, succeeded 6th August, 
1665, and after presiding for a quarter of a century, died in 
office, 17th May, 1690, set. sixty-seven. 

3. Agnes Temple, elected 24'th May, 1690, and for twenty 
years successively held the reins of government. In August, 
1714, she was re-elected, and served eight years longer. 
Ob. 3rd July, 1726. 

4. Agatha Gillebrand, elected 6th August, 1710, and 
presided for four years. Ob. 10th February, 1726. 

5. Mary Buckingham succeeded in 1722, and administered 
for one quadriennium. Ob. 14th March, 1732. 

6. Christina Witham was prioress from 1726 to 1734. 
Ob. 3rd September, 1740. 

7. Mary Benedict Dolby followed for four years. Ob. 
16th April, 176-. 

8. Mary Ann Woodman, elected 6th August, 1738 ; and 
continued superioress for twenty-eight years. Ob. 23rd March, 
1780, aet. eighty-four. 

9. Mary Magdalen Johnson, elected 6th August, 1766, and 
died in office, 13th June, 1784, at. fifty-nine. 

10. Mary Clare Bond, elected 14th September, 1784. 
Ob. 22nd November, 1789, «t. fifty-three. 

11. Theresa Joseph Johnson, elected 11th January, 1790; 
whose painful pre-eminence was characterized by the most 
exemplary resignation to the divine pleasure, and by the 
most tender charity to all her spiritual children. She died 
in ofiice 31st August, 1807, aet. fifty-five. 

12. Theresa Catharine McDonald, elected on Michaelmas- 

• He survived his two reverend Benedictine brothers, Placid and 
Michael, and closed his holy life at Lambspring Abbey in 1686, eet. 
ninety-three. I hope to see engraved his beautiful portrait at the 
chapel-house, Cheltenham. 



RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 147 

day^ 1807 ; resigned from illness within two years^ and died 
29th November, 1831. 

13. Mary Bernard Frost, elected drd September, 1809; 
died in office, 26th April, 1813, aet. thirty-three. 

14. Mary Benedict Hardwidge succeeded. Ob. 2nd March, 
1823. 

15. Mary Clare Knight, elected 6th May, 1818, and 
under whose government the house has singularly prospered. 
To her courtesy, I am proud to acknowledge myself princi- 
pally indebted for the substance of this article. 

6. Spetisbvry. 

This monastery of Austin Nuns was founded at Louvain, 
in 1609, under the title of the Conception of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary, St. Michael and St. Monica. At the suppres-^ 
sion of religious houses in England, Sister Elizabeth 
Woodford, a professed nun of the Augustine priory at 
Dartford,^ in Kent, retired abroad, and was admitted into 
St. Ursula's monastery, of the same order, at Louvain. In 
process of time, this Flemish community received several 
English ladies, whose exemplary fervour and religious pru- 
dence won for them the general esteem and confidence. One 
of them. Sister Margaret Clement, aunt to Dr. Clement, 
dean of St. Gudules, Brussels, grew into such favour as to 
be elected, in 1569, prioress of the community, then 
consisting of nearly eighty members. This circumstance 
induced many other ladies of the English nation to conse- 
crate themselves to God under her government. It was, 
indeed, edifying to witness, that national distinction caused 
no difference in their mutual charity ; that all were animated 
but with one heart and one soul ; that in the midst of holy 
poverty, all was content, peace, and happiness. 

At the expiration of thirty-eight years, the Rev. Mother 
Clement was permitted to resign her dignity of abbess, and 
within two years later, the increasing wants of this numerous 
community called for a division of the members. After 
much deliberation, it was agreed to establish a separate 
English monastery in the place. With the aid of friends, a 
respectable residence was obtained, into which the reverend 

* This convent of St. Margaret, as the common seal showed, was 
founded by King Edward III. about the year 1855, and was in such 
repate, accordinj^ to Dugdale, that " the best and noblest families of the 
country sent their relatives both for education and as nuns." Bridget, 
the fourth daughter of King Edward IV., took the veil here. Jane 
Vane, or Fane, was the last prioress, and was granted a pension of 
£66. 138. 4d. Her twenty-three subjects were also pensioned off. 

L 2 



148 HISTORICAL KEPORT OF THE 

and venerable^ and even fcant^rf* Mother, Margaret Clement^ 
Catherine Allen, niece to the immortal cardinal of that 
name, Margaret Garnet, sister to F. Henry Garnet, S.J., of 
happy memory, Elizabeth Shirley, Barbara Wilford, Mary 
Welsh, and Elizabeth Dunsford, were enabled to remove on 
10th February, 1609. Within a few months their numbers 
were increased from the mother house, and on 19th November 
that year they proceeded to the election of a prioress, 
viz. : — 

1. Mary Wiseman. She was the daughter of Thomas 
Wiseman, of Broadoak, Essex, by Jane Yaughan, his wife. 
She died in ofSce on 8th July, 1633, set. sixty-three. About 
four years before her death, she had the consolation of 
settling, on 14th September, 1629, a filiation of nine of her 
subjects at Bruges, under Mother Frances Stanford. This 
community still flourishes there in all its integrity. 

2. Mary Magdalen Throgmorton, of Coughton, was elected 
22nd July, 1633. A splendid Remonstrance was presented 
to her by her family and friends, bearing on its foot this 
inscription : — 

*'£x liberalitate Amicomm Margaritco Ma^dalense Thrngmorton, 
PriorisssB per 20 annos Monasterii S. Monicie, Religiosarum Anglarum 
Lovaniie, Anno 16C0." 

Her end was peace on 26th October, 1668, rel. fifty-six, 
aet. seventy-eight. 

8. Mary Winded Thimelby, of Imham, succeeded. Her 
death occurred 3l8t August, 1690, ffit. seventy-two, rel. 
fifty-five. 

4. Marina Plawden, of a family fruitful of religious of 
both sexes. After twenty-five years of superiority, she rested, 
in our Lord, 1st November, 1715, aet. seventy-eight, rel. 
sixty. 

5. Mary Delphina Sheldon was the next prioress, and died 
in office, 23rd February, 1727, aet. sixty-six. 

6. Mary Genevieve JVorthingtan governed the house for 
seven years, when Grod called her to her recompense on 
20th November, 1734. 

7. Mary Cecilia More, who retained her dignity until her 
happy death on the feast of St. George, 1755. 

8. Mary Aurelia Crathome, of Ness, co. York, professed 
12th June, 1701, was elected prioress in the seventy-first 

^ * Towards the decline of life she was afflicted with blindness. 
Her death occurred in the New Convent, 26th May, 1612 ; Rel. 43. 
The MS. history of her life relates that she had received a superior 
education, and was well versed in the Greek and Latin languages. 



REXIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 149 

year of her age, and died 19th April, 1762, »t. seventy- 
eight. 

9. Marina Smithy elected prioress the same spring, and died 
in office 20th February, 17S4, set. eighty-two. 

10. Mary Benedict Stonor (sister to Frances, who married, 
first, Thomas Giflfbrd, of Chillington, Esq. ; second, George 
Gary, Esq., fourth possessor of Tor Abbey, and died Ist 
August, 1808, 8Bt. sixty-three) was professed 5th May, 1755, 
and elected to govern her house in critical times. Forced 
at last to abandon her beloved convent with her dear com- 
munity on 28th June, 1794, they took ship at Rotterdam on 
5th July, and on the 17th reached Greenwich. Bishop Douglass 
found them an asylum in Hammersmith for the next five 
months, when they removed into the abbey-house, Amesbury, 
the last day of the same year ; and on the first day of the 
new one resumed their choral services. At the expira- 
tion of their term of five years they were enabled to take 
possession of their present convenient mansion-house and 
premises at Spetisbury, near Blandford, and on Christmas- 
day, 1799, resumed their former conventual observances. 
This venerable prioress resigned her office two years before 
her death, which took place amidst the regrets of her 
attached sisters on 13th May, 1814, set. seventy-eight, rel. 
fifty-eight. 

11. Mary Frances Tancred was elected prioress 14th April, 
1812, and died in office 6th October, 1818, aet. seventy-seven, 
rel. fifty-four. 

12. Aioysius Joseph Tuite professed at Louvain 24th Octo- 
ber, 1793, being then twenty-one years old. Her merits 
occasioned her election ; but she resigned in her tenth year 
of office, and died a few months later, on 10th May, 1828 ; 
at. fifty-six, rel. thirty-five. 

13. Catherine Berington succeeded 11th February, 1826; 
her kind attention to my inquiries and researches I can 
never forget. Under her government the school greatly 
prospered, and the convenient and spacious chapel was opened 
on 8th September, 1830. In the midst of a most useful life, 
she was attacked with influenza accompanied with inflamma- 
tion, and was carried off most rapidly on the night of the 6th 
February, 1848. But she met death with the same serenity 
as she had ever lived, aet. fifty-nine. R. I. P. 

14. Elizabeth Poynter (niece to the truly learned and 
exemplary Bishop Poynter, whose praise is in all the churches) 
is the present prioress, and promises to rival all the merits 
of her worthy predecessors. Her election took place l7th 
February, 184«. 



150 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THE 

7. Stapehifl 

In page 42 I have briefly alluded to the establishment 
here of the Trappist Nuns. It was first organized in the 
Valais, Switzerland, in 1795. In 1798 the successes of the 
French armies compelled them to abandon their monastery 
of La Sainte Volont^ de Dieu, and to retreat for safety into 
Germany^ and afterwards into the Russian dominions. The 
Emperor Paul I. and his consort received them with every 
mark of condescension; but, shortly before his majesty's 
barbarous assassination on 12th March, 1801, they had 
deemed it expedient to look for refuge in England, which 
they reached in the course of that year. For ten months they 
resided at Hammersmith; thence they removed to Burton, 
near Christchurch. To their superioress, Madame Marie 
Rosalie Augustine de Chabanne, Henry, the eighth Lord 
Arundell, generously offered his property of Stapehill, of 
which she took possession on 13th November, 1802. 

On the night of 3rd May, 181 8, the monastery was exposed 
to imminent danger by a fire that broke out in the outhouses. 
The damage was estimated at £1,400. — (See the abbesses letter 
in the Catholicon of the time, p. 79.) The confidence of the 
abbess in God's merciful providence was manifested on this 
occasion. 

Pope Leo XII., who governed the Church from 28th Sep- 
tember, 1823, until his saintly death, 10th February, 1829, 
taking into consideration the awful number of deaths in mem* 
bers of this community, too often the victims of privations 
and rigours beyond the strength of human nature, authorized 
a mitigation of their rule. This was adopted under the direc- 
tion of the late Bishop Collingridge, and the beneficial effects 
of this altered discipline are apparent in the health and com^ 
fort of these children of penance. 

The community now consists of eighteen choir nuns and 
seventeen lay sisters. Their worthy director. Father Andrew 
Hawkins (of whom more in the second part), has also the 
charge of the congregation of the missioui which numbers 
about 180 souls. In page 42 I have mentioned their new 
and convenient church, opened on 16th July, 1851."^ 

SUPERIORS. 

1. Madame de Chabanne before mentioned, bom at Lozere, 
in Gascony, 19th May, 1769, professed in the Cistercian 

* When some old walls were pulled down to make room for this new 
church, hiding-holes were discovered. In one had previously been 
found a chalice with its paten. 



BELIOIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 151 

monastery of St. Antoine, at Paris, 3rd June, 1787. Released 
from prison by tlie death of Robespierre, she sought refuge 
in Switzerland, was placed at the head of her religious sisters, 
accompanied them in all their emigrations, and continued to 
administer to their comfort, until she was called to her crown 
13th June, 1844, set. seventy-six. 

2. Mary Joseph Troy succeeded. — N.B. The elections are 
triennial. 

3. Bev. Mothier Aloysim O'Brien. 

4. Rev. Mother Josephine Campion was elected in 1851, 
and ia the present prioress. 

8. Sales Home. 

This invaluable institution of Visitation Nuns may be said 
to be of English growth; its first house was at Acton, 
near London, a mansion purchased by Mrs. Mary Frances 
(olim Markham), relict of Cuthbert Tunstall, Esq. After six 
years' residence there they removed to Shepton Mallett in 
1810. Their first superioress, Louise Therese Oranden, resign- 
ing 19th March, 1804, and their second superioress, Theresa 
Chantal Hurard, returning to France in 1816, they were suc- 
ceeded by Mary Sales Weld, who took the habit on 27th 
January, 1805. At the end of three years' government, Sister 
Mary Francis Den, was elected ; and at the expiration of her 
triennium, the Rev. Mother Weld was recalled to office. On 
17th May, 1831, she removed firom Shepton Mallett to far 
more eligible premises for situation, convenience, and salu- 
brity. During their residence there, a period of full twenty 
years. Dr. Coombes, the pastor of Shepton Mallett mission, 
was their enlightened director; and in his chapel- vault he 
allowed the remains of thirteen of the community to be 
deposited, as also those of their most pious and charitable 
foundress, Mrs. Tunstall. 

I may now subjoin an accurate list of the prioresses of 
this interesting community : — 

1. TTierese Chantal Hurard was elected at Acton House 
above mentioned on 19th March, 1804, re-elected in 1807. 
Seeing the convent rooted and flourishing, she returned to 
France, and died at Dijon 3rd March, 1829, aged eighty-one, 
prof, sixty. This good mother had been accompanied to 
England by Sister Magdalene Angela Heugue for the purpose 
of organizing this Visitation convent; but the latter died 
11th February, 1812, set. sixty-six, prof, forty-five. 

2. Mary Sales Weld was elected superioress 7th June, 
1810; re-elected 3rd June, 1813; ditto 28th May, 1819; 
ditto 23rd May, 1822 ditto 22nd May, 1828 ; ditto 2nd May, 



152 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THE 

1831; ditto 4th June, 1840 ; and lastly, Ist June, 1843— 
altogether presiding twenty-one years. 

3. Mary Francis Den was elected 30th May, 1816; re- 
elected 19th May, 1825; ditto 15th May, 1834; and again 
11th May, 1837. 

4. Mary Francis Angela VaugJian was elected 28th May, 
1846, re-elected 24th May, 1849. 

5. Mary Francis Sales Weld (olim Clare Weld, and sister 
to the above-mentioned superioress, who received her profes- 
sion 25th August, 1813) was elected 27th May, 1852; re- 
elected 24th May, 1855. 

9. St, Gregory's Monastery at Doumside, near Bath. 

In the " Rambler " of December, 1850, I commenced a 
series of papers on the truly venerable English Benedictine 
congregation ; and the very first chapter was devoted to iUus- 
trate the history of the Gregorian Convent and College at 
Douay, from the year 1608. To that report I must refer 
the reader of this compilation. Like the rest of the Catholic 
establishments in France, these good Benedictines had to 
drink the chalice of Jesus to the very dregs. Forced to 
emigrate in 1793, they experienced a welcome reception at 
Acton Bumell, a seat of Sir Edward Smythe, the fifth baronet 
of his family.* There they continued for twenty years pur- 
suing their conventual and collegiate life, when an eligible 
opportunity presenting itself of purchasing Downside, they 
availed themselves of it, and on 25th April, 1814, the com- 
munity entered into possession. This epoch was duly com- 
memorated a quarter of a century later (25th April, 1839), 
when the Smythe family generously invited all the Bene- 
dictines who had been educated at Acton Burnell to enjoy 
their hospitality in that ancient mansion. Of the nineteen 
Benedictines then in England, fifteen attended that happy 
re-union of friends and brothers. To the generous foundei^ 
of that cordial and gratifying festivity, I believe, that re- 
compense will be made at the resurrection of the just.— 
Luke xiv. 14. 

All true English Catholics must rejoice and praise Ood at 
witnessing the increasing prosperity and renown of this estab- 
lishment. In page 62 I have cursorily noticed the services 
its members are doing to religion, and shall confine my 
attention to the list of its priors since the French Revolution. 

• Ob. nth April, 1811. 

t I regret to learn that Sir Edward Joseph Smythe, this sixth 
baronet, died on 11th March, 1856, aged bixty-eight. 



RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 153 

1. James {Jerome) Sharrock. — He was younger brother 
of Prior William (Gregory) Sharrock^ on whose promotion 
to the see of Telmessus (of whom more hereafter in the 
second part)^ he was by unanimous voice elected in 1780. Like 
his saintly brother^ he had the talent of gaining the hearts 
of all his subjects. Forced by the iniquity of the times to 
abandon his monastery^ he found an asylum at Acton Burnell. 
His episcopal brother^ anxious to secure such an associate in 
the government of the Western District, applied to Borne for 
him. The selection was approved, and I have seen the Bulls 
expedited on 19th April, 1806, constituting him Bishop of 
Themiscyra ; but the humility of the good prior could not be 
prevailed on to accept the mitre, and he died at Acton 
Burnell in the arms of his beloved monks, on 1st Aprils 1808, 
at. fifty-eight. 

2. Richard (Peter) Kendall, a priest of great merit. He 
had hardly completed the purchase of Downside, near Bath, 
for the present convent and college, when, I believe, he was 
translated into the eternal Tabernacles, on the 26th Marcb^ 
1814. 

3^. Thomas Lawson was elected 10th May, 1814, and was 
the first prior of Downside. He resigned the office on 23rd 
July, 1818, and ended his useful life at Salford Nunnery^ on 
23rd April, 1830. 

4. Luke Barber. — He received the habit from the hand of 
Prior James Sharrock, and took the religious name of Bernard, 
26th April, 1807. During the twelve years of his govern- 
ment St. Gregory's College wonderfully prospered. On 10th 
July, 1823, he opened its new and elegant church, which, as 
he truly thought, should be the principal object of attention 
in every well-regulated community. On the death of F. 
Lawson his services were required to supply the station at 
Salford, and Stanbrook subsequently. In 1842 he was, to 
the joy of his friends, elected president and created D.D. ; 
but to my inexpressible grief he suddenly passed away, God 
giving sleep to his beloved servant on the 29th of December, 
1850, in the sixty-first year of his age, and thirty-sixth of his 
priesthood. 

5. George Turner, — After serving the Bellingham mission 
for thirty years, this experienced clergyman was elected 
prior on 24th November, 1830. After nearly completing his 

* I have given the history of this excel] ent convent, founded at Cam- 
bray 162d,inthe**Ranililer"of June,1851. At tlieir emigration in 1795, 
they went first to Wootton, near Liverpool, thence removed to Abbot's 
Salford, in Warwickshire, in 1807, but wisely transferred themselves in 
May, 1838, to their presenteligtble situation at Stanbrook, nearWorcester. 



154 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THE 

quadriennium^ he was appointed director to the convent 
at Princethorpe, near Coventry, and there the venerable man 
rested from his labours on 15th February^ 1854, aged eighty* 
four. 

6. Thomas Joseph Brown, D.D. — Of this eminent luminary 
of our English Church I shall have to treat largely in the 
second part. He was chosen prior on F. Turner's retirement, 
18th July, 1834, and his six years' government, until his 
merits summoned him away to become the first Bishop of the 
new vicariat of Wales (to which he was consecrated 28th 
October, 1840), greatly redounded to the fame and prosperity 
of the college. 

7. Joseph Wilson. — I have briefly referred to this able 
priest, in page 58. This fit successor to Dr. Brown exerted his 
characteristic energy for the good of his establishment. He 
commenced with obtaining the royal charter for enabling its 
^Ikves to graduate in the London University. During his 
fourteen years' administration he endeared himself to all by 
his business-like habits, and considerate attention to the 
comforts of all under his charge. 

8. James (Norbert) Sweeney^ since his election in July, 
1854, emulates the merits of his able predecessors. 

10. Dominicanesses at Haripury, 

This English community of the Rosary was first established 
in 1661, at Vilvorden, seven miles from Brussels, by the 
Hon. and Rev. Philip Thomas Howard, O.S.D. He began with 
three ladies trained in the Dominican Nunnery at Temsche, 
near Bomhem, but on the other side of the Scheldt. His 
sister Henrietta joined them, with several other persons of 
distinction ; but for the first quarter of a century they had 
to encounter many inconveniences and difSculties. But their 
founder, now a cardinal, was enabled to purchase for them a 
commodious house in Brussels, into which they were trans- 
ferred in 1690, and here these good religious pursued the 
even tenor of their way until 22nd June, 1794, when the 
rapid approach of the French armies compelled them to 
speed their flight towards their native country. On 16th 
July they reached the British shore in safety, and on 2nd 
September found a comfortable asylum in Hartpury Court, 
near Gloucester, for the next forty-five years. On 19th 
September, 1839, they removed to their present convenient 
residence at Atherstone, in the county of Warwick. I 
proceed to offer a list of the prioresses, after premising that 
Dr. Milner incorrectly stated in the Directory of 1795, p. 20, 



RELIGIOUS E8TADLI8HMENTS. 155 

that Henrietta, the founder's sister, ever presided over the 
convent. 

1. Lucy Hurlock, one of the three religions taken from the 
nunnery at Temsche, in 1661, was declared prioress by the 
founder, and served the office for six years. 

2. Barbara Boyle for thirty consecutive years governed 
her sisters, and removed with them from Yilvorden into 
Brussels. With a short interval for repose, she was called 
upon to serve the office for two other trienniums. 

3. Mary Crofts was prioress from 1697 to 1700. 

' 4*. Dorothy Canning, the first of the convent professed at 
Brussels, supplied from 1703 to 1706. 

5. Ann Bushby was elected in 1709. 

6. Agnes Atmore governed the convent altogether for nine 
years, but not continuously. 

7. Constantia Mildmay, elected in 1715. 

8. Mary Rose Howard, of Norfolk, niece, I apprehend, of 
the cardinal, succeeded to superiority in 1721 for three yeara. 

9. Letitia Barber was elected in 1727. 

10. Julia Broum followed in 1730. 

11. Mary Ann Chilton electeA in 1733; re-elected in 1736. 

12. Mary Theresa Sarsfield elected 1739, and died in 
February, 1740. 

13. Mary Young was substituted for the deceased prioress. 

14. Margaret Joseph Compton elected in 1742; re-elected 
in 1751. 

15. Mary Agnes Short governed the house for a very long 
period ; but owiog to the loss of documents I cannot speak 
with precision. In all probability she presided from 1745 to 
1751 ; and then from 1754 to 1780. She died 10th December, 
1782, set. eighty- three, prof, fifty-two. 

16. Mary Hyacinth WilHnson elected 1780. Ob. 27th 
December, 1789. 

17. Dominic Brooke elected 1783; re-elected in 1789. Ob. 
8th March, 1816, aet. eighty-seven, rel. sixty. 

18. Mary Ann Calvert, elected 1786. 

19. Mary Louisa Aligood, elected in 1792, was under 
the painful necessity of abandoning her beloved convent, and 
with her children looking for refuge in England. She re- 
signed in 1803. 

20. Mary Magdalen Bastow was elected in 1803 ; re-elected 
in 1821, again in 1830 ; died in office. 

21. Catherine Theresa Dartan elected in 1806 and 1815. 
Ob. 8th February, 1824, set. seventy, one, prof, thirty-four. 

22. Mary TJieresa Leadbitter elected in 1809, 1824, 1832. 
Ob. 2l8t August, 181^, act. seventy, rel. fifty-eight. 



156 HISTORICAL EKPOftT OF THE 

23. Mary Rose Stowers, elected in 1812^ again in 1818. 
Ob. 2nd April, 1847, aet. eighty-five, rel. fifty-eight. 

24. Mary Dominica Stennet elected in 1827 and 1835. Ob. 
5th June, 1848, aet. seventy-five, rel. fifty-four. 

25. Mary Hyacinth Malthouse, elected in 1838 ; and the 
next year conducted her community to Atherstone^ viz. 19th 
September, 1839. 

11. The English Liege Nuns of the Holy Sepulchre. 

This respected community from Liege is entitled to notice 
in these pages, by having taken up their residence at Dean 
House, Wiltshire, from the year 1796 until they transferred 
their establishment to New-hall,* Essex. They had justly 
acquired the renown of giving a superior education to young 
ladies of the first distinction ; and thus deserved the protec- 
tion and encouragement of all well-regulated governments. 
But the vertigo of infidelity had cast to the winds all right 
principle, and visited with proscription the best benefactors 
to their fellow-creatures. These ladies found it necessary for 
their personal safety to retire from the approaching hurricane 
of the French revolutionists. After incredible privations and 
fatigues, they reached Greenwich on 18th August, 1794; 
remained in London two months ; thence proceeded to 
Holme Hall, in Yorkshire; then happily transferred them- 
selves to Dean House, Wilts, in 1796. Here they continued 
to render incalculable services by their admirable system of 
education until January, 1799, when they exchanged the 
locality for New Hall. 

In its early days the community experienced in Mrs. Mary 
Ward a zealous friend and benefactress. This lady was 
daughter of Marmaduke Ward, Esq., by his wife Ursula 
Wright. Her death occurred at Heyworth, near York, 
on 20th January, 1645, set. sixty ; and her funeral in the 
adjoining churchyard was marked by unusual respect and 
honour. 

I may now ofiFer the regular succession of prioresses. 

1. Susan Hawley was canonically chosen perpetual prioress 

• It appears to have been built by the Butlers, earls of Onnond. 
King Henry VUI. purchased it of the Boleyns for a royal residence, 
and erected a noble gateway, inscribed thus : — 

Henricus Rex Octavus, Rex inclytus annis 
Magnificus, struxit hoc opus egregium. 

The gateway has been destroyed^ but the inscription and escutcheon 
may be seen in the convent cliapel. The famous GeneriJ Monk resided 
hei-e. 



RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 157 

on 25th November^ 1652; she had entered religion at Tongres 
in 1641. Thence, with some other English ladies of the 
same order, she had removed with Rev. Mother Margaret, 
mistress of novices, into Liege, to commence a convent of 
their nation. When that reverend mother, who had been 
regarded as superior, returned to Tongres, Mrs. Susan 
Hawley was appointed ad interim to replace her before the 
above canonical election. She held oflSce forty-seven years, 
and lived to the advanced age of eighty-four, dying on 
Christmas-day, 1706. 

2. Marina Doleman presided for thirty years, and died in 
office 25th September, 1722. 

3. Susan Raucroii.—She died 6th October, 1739, »t. 
seventy-one. 

4. Christina Percy died 10th January, 1749, aet. fifty- 
eight. 

5. M. Xaveria Withenbury died 29th May, 1775, set. 
eighty-two, prof, fifty-three, having held her dignity twenty 
years. 

6. M. Christina Dennett died 12th July, 1781, set. fifty- 
one. 

7. M. Austin Westby died 8rd March, 1786. 

8. Ahysia Clough, for thirty eventful years endeared 
herself to her subjects by her exemplary prudence, conde- 
scension, and amiable manners. Almighty God called away 
the venerable lady on 6th July, 1816, at New-hall, at the age 
of seventy- nine. She had been a religious fifty-nine years 
and five months. 

9. Elizabeth Mary Regis Gerard, eldest daughter of 
Sir Robert Gerard, Bart., was elected 16th July, 1816, and 
governed the house until her lamented death, 13th June, 
1843, set. seventy-two. 

10. Ann Mary Clifford, elected 22nd June, 1843; but 
was prematurely taken off on 14th January following, 
set. seventy-four, prof, fifty. 

11. Theresa Joseph Blount is the present reverend mother 
of this flourishing community. 

12. Convent of ofur Lady of Mercy, Dighton Street, Bristol. 

This establishment was founded on 20th February, 1846. 

The first superior was Sister Mary Jane Frances Beau-' 
champ, who governed the house to which she had been a 
principal benefactress. She was succeeded in office by 
Sister Mary Stanislaus Savage, elected 24th May, 1855. 

Attached to the convent is a house of refuge, where 



158 HISTORICAL REPORT OP TH« 

servants out of place are received until they can be provided 
with suitable situations. Part of this house is occupied bv a 
limited number bf orphans^ who aie fed and clothed by the 
nuns. Is not this pure and undefiled religion before God 
and the Father? 

13. Monastery of La Trappe, at Lullworth, Dorset. 

The original house of our Lady de la Trappe was an 
ancient Cistercian monastery, situate in the diocese of Seez, 
in Normandy. By degrees its inmates had notoriously 
degenerated from the primitive fervour of their institute^ 
when the Almighty inspired a distiuguished ecclesiastic, 
Armand Jean le Bonthillier de Ranee, to revive the spirit of 
their founders. This extraordinary man had renounced all 
his prospects and fortune to embrace a poor and penitential 
life, and his admirable example and zealous persuasions pro- 
duced the happiest reformation amongst his brethren and 
disciples. He lived to see his monastery become the admi- 
ration of the Christian world, and so deeply did he siuk the 
foundations of his own religious spirit in the hearts of his 
subjects, that no appearance of decay was visible when the 
monastery was swept away in the hurricane of the French 
B^volution. 

That blessed solitude had special attractions for devout 
souls, and we find many illustrious characters in church and 
state impatient to visit it, and dwell for a time in the shade 
of its peaceful cloisters. Here King James II. made his 
annual retreat, and learned to despise earthly grandeur, and 
to aspire after that which is eternal. Here Archbishop 
Beaumont, the Athanasius of France, armed himself with 
fresh zeal and constancy to combat infidelity, and face the 
persecution of courts and parliaments. Here that gem of the 
episcopal order, Monseigneur de la Motte, used joyfully to 
repair to burnish up his spiritual weapons, and, like the hart, 
to take in copious draughts of fervour to run the course of the 
divine commandments. ^ 

When we read the rules of La Trappe, nature startles, and 
is disposed to censure what it has not courage to imitate. But 
the love of Jesus Christ crucified softens and subdues every 
difficulty, and makes these victims of penance exult in their 
multiplied austerities. These devout solitaries have ever 
present to their mind the moving example of their blessed 
Redeemer, of St. John the Baptist, of the martyrs, of the 
fathers of the desert; they treasure up the maxims of self- 
denial and renunciation recorded in the Gospel, — ^they arc 



RELtOIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 159 

convinced of the great difficulty of salvation ; in the silence 
of human passions they meditate on the hatred which Grod 
bears to sin^ and on the eternity of hell's avenging flames. / / 
Hence they imbibe a sincere attachment to their happy ' ^ 
vocation, and are firmly persuaded, with St. Paul, that all 
the penitential rigours of this life are much too light for the 
joys of heaven. Let any one read, '' Relation de la Vie et de 
la Mort de quelques Religieux de La Trappe (Paris, 1755),^' 
and he will be delighted with the cheerful service of these 
holy penitents, — he will rejoice that the Almighty Father is 
so much honoured by His children, — his notions of the 
efficacy of grace cannot fail to be exalted, — he will feel a 
contempt of all that passes with time, be encouraged to lead 
a penitential life, and to sanctify himself in his particular 
calling. 

ABBOTS OF OLD LA TRAPPE. 

1. JoAn, the founder, already mentioned, was professed 
26th June, 1662; ob. 27th October, 1700, aet. sixty-five. 
King Louis XIV. allowed him, five years before his resigna- 
tion and death, to appoint his successor — 

2. ZozvnMJiAy called in the world Peter Foisel. — He was a 
native of BellSme, and was professed 19th August, 1681 ; 
in the course of 1695 was nominated abbot \ but died after 
a short illness, on 3rd March following. 

3. Gervaise Armand Francois succeeded; but at the 
expiration of eighteen months consented to resign his 
dignity. He survived till 1751, having attained his ninety- 
first year. — (See art. Gervaise (Dom. Armand Fran9oi8), 
Feller's Diet. Historique.) 

4. Jacques de la Cour was appointed abbot towards the 
close of 1698, abdicated his office in 1713, and died 2nd 
June, 1720. At the petition of the duke of Tuscany, he 
sent a colony of his religious to the old Cistercian Abbey of 
Buon Solazzo, near Florence, in 1704. 

5. Isidore DermetOres, professed 25th May, 1698; installed 
abbot in January, 1714, and died in office 24th June, 
1727. 

6. Franqois Atigustin Gonche, professed 9th November, 
1716; appointed abbot 5th September, 1727; died 11th 
September, 1734. 

7. Zozime Hurel, professed 3rd October, 1707; nominated 
abbot late in the year 1734; died 7th February, 1747. 

8. Malachy Le Brun for more than twenty years governed 
the community with the highest reputation for zeal and 
wisdom. He was the bosom friend of La Motte, the vene- 



160 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THE 

rable bishop of Amiens. We learn from the life of that 
saintly prelate^ that a destructive fire took place in the abbey 
in 1664. The good superior survived this trial about two 
years, dying 10th June, 1766. 

9. Theodore. — In him the desert of La Trappe witnessed 
the becoming successor of so many worthy predecessors in 
ofBce. He died, I conjecture, in 1783. 

10. Pierre died at the end of the year 1789, when his 
authority descended of right to Louis Marie Rocourt, abbot 
of Clairvaux. Seeing that the revolutionary storm was 
ready to burst, that the religious would be scattered, and 
that the conventual houses and estates would be seized, and 
sold as national property, he authorized Dom. Augustin 
Lestrange, the master of novices, by letter of 12th May, 
1791, to abandon his monastery, and repair to an old 
Carthusian abbey, called Val-Sainte, within the canton of 
Friburg. On the 1st of June that year, he entered that 
asylum with about twenty religious; and shortly after. 
Pope Pius VI. confirmed Dom. Augustin in the dignity of 
abbot. For a further account of this persecuted man, see 
the Address in the Ordo of 1813. 

A colony of six monks from this Abbey of Val-Sainte 
arrived in London during the month of August, 1794«. 
Their superior, Dom. Jean Baptiste de Noyer, had received 
his appointment the preceding year. Their intention was to 
proceed forthwith to Canada; but Providence had other 
designs upon them. The late Thomas Weld, Esq., always 
ready to assist and harbour the harbourless, invited them to 
Lulworth, where they arrived in October, 1794, and placed 
them in the chaplain's house near his castle. Here they 
remained till March, 1796, when they removed into a new 
monastery in East Lulworth, which he had provided for 
them in a dry and sheltered situation, — the very reverse of 
the old house of La Trappe. It was dedicated under the 
name of the Holy Trinity and St. Susan, and here they 
increased and prospered. The first prior was John Baptist, 
already mentioned. He quitted England in the summer of 
1801, when he was succeeded by Dom. Marie Bernard 
Benoit, who died in July, 1805. Dom. Maur Adam was the 
third prior ; but he was hurried to the tomb in May, 1810. 
Then was called to the helm a very distinguished character, 
Dom. Antoinc Saulnier de Beaureaund, a quondam canon of 
Sens Cathedral, and in every sense of the word a superior 
man. Pope Pius VII., in consideration of his merits, raised 
him, in May, 1813, to the rank of abbot, and as such he 
was blessed by Bishop Poynter, in London, in the August 



RBLlGIOtTS ESTABLISHMENTS. 161 

following. Under his direction. La Trappe attracted the 
attention and wonder of all classes. E^ery unprejudiced 
visitor'* must have departed from the sight of these holy 
men, delighted with their indefatigable industry, their admi- 
rable frugality, and their cheerful and unaffected piety. 
And yet persons were found who frightened themselves into 
the persuasion that their example might contribute to the 
multiplication of such establishments in Protestant England. 
Had they reasoned, had they inquired, their terrors must 
have vanished ; for in all Catholic France, before the Revolu- 
tion, there was but one single convent of La Trappe ! Until 
the beginning of 1816, these good religious had experienced 
the most profound tranquillity, when they had to feel expe- 
rimentally the force of Christ's words, " A man's enemies 
are those of his own household." One James Fower,t a 
native of Waterford, after seven years spent in the order, 
decamped towards the end of January, 1816, and soon after 
publicly abjured the Catholic faith in the parish church of 
Blandford. Not satisfied with this scandal, the heartless 
man, on 16th March that year, swore to several charges, 
as may be seen in the Appendix. But the imprincipled 
apostate was soon after summoned before the tribunal of 
Heaven, to answer for his hypocrisy, false testimony, and 
violation of his solemn vows. The result of the business 
was, that the abbot, with much reluctance, decided on trans- 
porting his establishment to France, as soon as circumstances 
would permit. On application to the French authorities, 
permission was granted, and Lewis XYIII. assisted the 
abbot in purchasing the ancient Bemardine Convent and 
domain of Melleray, in the diocese of Nantes, and sent 
the La Revanche frigate to Weymouth, to take on board 
their community, as idso a lugger to convey their goods and 
chatties to France. On 7th July, 1817, this band of holy 
monks, fifty-nine in number, embarked, reached the French 
coast on the 23rd, and entered their new monastery, with 
imposing solemnity, on 7th August. There, as at Lullworth, 
they proved a daily source of benediction to the surrounding 

* Havinff had the comfort and blessing of witnessing their fervid 
piety and their industrious and penetential life in the years 1810 and 
1816, 1 conld not help comparuig what I saw and admired with a 
description of a monasterv of penitents, as described by St. John Cli- 
macus. It is truly in such places men learn how to live and how to 
die. The reader will be edified with the account of a visit made here, 
as detailed in vol. v. of the CJathoUeon^ as also with the visit of the 
lamented Princess Charlotte of Wales, in the same volume^ p. 242. 

t See Appendix No. VII. 

M 



162 HISTOaiCAL REPORT OF THE 

country by their virtues and superabundant charity.*^ 
(2 Kings vi.) During their stay at Lullworth, they buried 
l-wenty-seven of their brethren; viz. seven priests^ thirteen 
ohoir-religious, the rest postulants or lay-brothers. 

I have remarked^ that the abbot quitted his peaceful 
abode with reluctance. He was a man of deep penetration, 
and he was far from being at his ease as to the political 
horizon of France. But he had a precious flock to feed^ 
guide, and protect. How they occupied themselves at 
Melleray, and what good they rendered to society at large, 
is set forth in the letter of Monsieur Richer describing his 
visit ; which may be seen in the first volume of the " Catholic 
Miscellany" of 1822, pp. 108-155, 202-269. But Prance 
proved herself unworthy of possessing such meritorious, 
patriotic, and edifying fathers of the desert. The cancerous^ 
revolutionary spirit of France had extended to the provinces, 
and though the political authorities were eager, in the early 
part of 1831, to dissolve the establishment, still the firmness 
of the abbot, who stood upon his rights as a French citizen, 
and a proprietor of the house of Melleray, kept them at bay. 
But, after nine months' annoyance and menace, more than a 
thousand troops entered the abbey, on 28th September, 1831, 
with drawn swords, loaded muskets, and fixed bayonets, and 
commanded the saintly inmates to be driven from this 
earthly paradise; with difficulty could sixty-four (another 
account says seventy-eight) of this community that were 
British subjects obtain license to remain until the British 
consul at Nantes was able to procure them a passage to their 
native country. From the 5th of October none of the 
brethren were suffered to wear their religious habit, or to 
say Mass, but in their chambers, and no two persons were 
permitted to pray together I On 12th November the British 

* 1 believe that no individuals with the same amount of means can 
exercise so much charity as the monks of La Trappe. When France 
was devastated with famine and epidemy in 1709, the poor and infected 
of an immense district looked to La Trappe for relief and comfort. In 
that year more than 80,000 persons received assistance from that single 
convent ! In one day no fewer than 1 2,000 persons were relieved ! The 
heroic sacrifices of the monks raised them above all praise as men, as 
citizens, and as Christians. — See the above-quoted work, ** Relation de 
la Vie,'^ &c., vol. v. p. 28. After paying a visit to La Trappe, Monseig- 
neur La Motte, writmg to a friend, thus expresses himselt : *' Je dis k 
M. le Cardinal Ministre, one je voyais en quatre jours les deux extr^- 
mit^s du monde, la cour d un grand roi, et le monast^re de La Trappe. 
Je recommandai beaucoup cette Sainte Abbaie, ou avec 18,000 livres de 
rent (£720) on trouve, par les ressources que foumit la frugalite, le 
secret de nourir 150 personnes et de recevolr jusqu'4 deux milles hotes 
par an." 



r 



RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 168 

Trappists, guarded by an armed escort^ were conducted^ like 
so many malefactors^ to Nantes^ where they arrived the same 
evenings and were quartered at St. James's Hospital. On 
19th November, in spite of their repeated protestations, they 
were put on board a steamboat, and descended the Loire. 
At length they embarked on board the H6b6, which con* 
veyed them to the cove of Cork, where they landed on 
St. Andrew's Day. During their voyage, were they not 
justified in applying to those infidel and inhospitable rulers 
of France the words of iEneas : — 

'* Quod genus hoc hominum? Quern hunc tarn barbara morem 
Perraittit Patria? Hospitio prohibemur arencel'* 

But they saw the will of God in everything. In reward of 
their meek submission, God, who holds the hearts of men 
and is truly wonderftil in his holy servants, raised up a host 
of benefactors. The principal was Sir Richard Keane, a 
Protestant, who granted to them 560 Irish acres of waste 
land in the parish of Cappoquin, near Dungarvon, within the 
coimty of Waterford. He foresaw that, by their industry and 
taste and indomitable energy, the land would be reclaimed, 
and a spirit of enterprise enkindled in the people. The 
extraordinary change of that bleak country reminds us of the 
words of Isaiah (chap. xxxv. 1, 2) : Lsetabitor deserta et 
invia, et exultabit solitude, &c. &c.^ The foundation-stone 
of their new abbey was laid with great solemnity on 22nd 
August, 1833. I thank Almighty God, the Father of the 
poor, for having bestowed the blessing of such an establish- 
ment on faithAil Ireland ; as also for having vouchsafed, in 
his mercy, to restore to our own dear country, through the 
pious generosity of Ambrose Lisle PhiUipps, Esq., a monas- 

* In the Dublin Evening Post of 16th June, 1896, 1 read that the 
Right Rev. Abbot Rvan, of this new monastery, had given notice in the 
DMm CrouUe of his having planted 9,012 trees of various kinds 
around his premises. The reaoer would be gratified with the report 
of a « Visit to the Abbey of Mount Melleray, in Ireland," in " Tait's 
Edinburgh Magazine" of March, 1887. 

In the ^S^ of 28th February, 1838, is given the account of a meeting 
of the directors and proprietors of the Irish waste lands, at Broaf 
street, London, holden the preceding day, Lord Devon in the chair. 
Major Beamish, in moving that the report then read be adopted, stated 
that ** the monks at Mount Melleray had obtained a grant of 600 or 
700 acres of waste from Sir Richard Keane ; and not only had they 
succeeded in raising fine crops of rye, turnips, potatoes, &c., but on 
adjacent district of 5,000 acres, which had been an unprofitable waste 
to the proprietor, was now tenanUd^ and under cultivation. (Cheers.)'* 

This Abbot Vincent Ryan, such a benefactor to his native country, 
died 9th December, 1845. 

M 2 



164 HISTORICAL REPORT OP THB 

tery of the same institute^ near Loughborough^ county 
Leicester. And how it must have revived the heart of their 
venerable patriarch, Dom Antoine, the old abbot of Melleray, 
to hear these glad tidings of his children, before Ood called 
him to himself I Thus the Lord blessed the latter end of 
his servant more than his beginning. 

14. The Passionists and Dominicans at Woodchester. 

In pages 121 and 127 I have briefly alluded to this 
monastery. Having obtained more detailed information, I 
proceed to submit it to my indulgent readers. 

William Leigh, Esq., of Woodchester Park, near Stroud, 
whose praise is in all the churches, anxious to extend the 
blessing of Catholic faith in his neighbourhood, decided on 
establishing a religious community on his property. At the 
recommendation of Bishop, now Cardinal, Wiseman, he in- 
vited P. Dominic, the vice-provincial of the Passionists, to 
meet him, and to fix on an eligible site for a church and 
monastery. On 9th Pebruary, 1846, P. Dominic reached 
Woodchester Park, where he was heartily welcomed by 
Mr. Leigh and his family. A proper selection of a site 
being concluded on, Mr. Leigh, desirous of losing no time, 
engaged for the temporary accommodation of the community 
a mansion called Northfield House, Porest Green Village, 
near Nailsworth, about a mile distant from the site of the 
intended monastery. On 24th March, 1846, P. Dominic, in 
the company of Brother Thomas, took possession of this tem- 
porary abode, and on the next day, the feast of the Annuncia- 
tion of Our Lady, P. Dominic, for the first time, celebrated 
the holy sacrifice in a room hastily fitted up, in the presence 
of six Catholics. Pour days later two other Passionists 
joined them, and on the following Sunday they had a public 
service. P. Dominic delivered a discourse to about twenty 
Catholics, several of whom had come from distant places. 
Por the holy week they fitted up, for a temporary chapel, a 
large room, previously occupied as a Dissenting school-room 
(for these premises belonged to a Dissenting minister), and 
on Palm Sunday P. Dominic preached three several times. 
This zealous father, writing at a subsequent period, expresses 
himself thus : — *' The concourse of people to our little chapel 
from the very first has been great ; so much so, that it could 
not afford sufficient accommodation. Surely all do not 
attend with good dispositions ; some to criticize, some through 
curiosity, and finally, some to disturb the devotion of this 
little congregation. However, with patience and perseverance^ 



RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHMENTS. 165 

we have been enabled to get on. Several Protestants have 
been received into the bosom of the Catholic Church (the 
first of whom is already dead and buried where the new 
church is being erected) ; many are under instructions^ and 
amongst others, a person of great piety, Mrs. Evans, who, 
from the first arrival of the religious here, has shown a 
maternal charity towards us.'' By the end of the year 1846, 
the community was increased to ten ; some were engaged in 
the afiairs of the house— others were occupied in administer- 
ing to the spiritual concerns of the rising congregation. 

In page 121 I have described the laying of the foundation- 
stone of the new church of the Annunciation of our Lady 
on 26th November, 1846, the solemn consecration of the 
sacred edifice on 10th October, 1849, and its glorious opening 
on the following day. On Sunday, 14th October, Dr. Ulla- 
thome, after assisting at High Mass, preached an admirable 
sermon. On the same evening, after solemn vespers, F. 
Ignatius (Spenser) commenced, for the benefit of the congre- 
gation, a course of spiritual exercises, which concluded on the 
following Sunday. 

I must not omit to state that on Tuesday, 20th March, 
1849, the community had removed from Northfield House to 
a large cottage. Park-hill, above the new monastery, which 
Mr. Leigh had fitted up for a temporary residence. But as 
there was no sufficient room in it to serve as a chapel for the 
increasing congregation, the spacious room over the sacristies 
of the new church was prepared for this purpose. 

On 7th October, 1850, the Passionists removed from Wood- 
chester to Broadway, in Worcestershire, having several Pro- 
testants under instructions. In 1846 they had reconciled 4 
io the Catholic faith, 12 in 1847, 11 in 1848, 14 in 1849, 
and 21 in 1850. Total, 62. 

Their first superior at Woodchester, as we have seen, was 
F. Dominic, a man of superior merit, known in the world as 
Domenico Barbieri: he was born near Yiterbo on 4th August, 
1793 (another account states on 22nd June, 1792) ; took the 
religious habit of the Passionists on 14th November, 1814, 
and made his profession on 15th November of the following 
year. Dr. Wiseman, who had made his acquaintance at 
Rome, having been consecrated Bishop of Melipotamus 8th 
June, 1840, and coadjutor to Bishop Walsh, V.A. of the Mid- 
land District, invited his zealous friend F. Dominic to come 
over and establish a congregation of his order in England. 
He consented, and made two journeys for the purpose. In 
the second, after staying five months at Oscott College, he 
was put in possession of Aston Hall, near Stone, on 17th 



166 HISTORICAL REPORT OF THB 

February^ 1842, where his brethren immediately begaa to 
foUow the regular observances of their institute. From this 
mother-house he was enabled to colonize Woodchester, and 
Poplar House, London, since his death removed to the 
Hyde. 

F. Dominic, beloved of God and man, went about doing 
good to all, like his blessed Master ; and like St. John the 
Baptist, giving knowledge of salvation to his people by the 
remission of their sins. The following narrative of events, 
which occurred shortly before his arrival at Woodchester, 
must edify the reader : — 

'' On Michaelmas-day, 1845, he received into the church 
at Aston Hall Mr. Dal^dms, now one of the Oratorians at 
Birmingham. On 9th October next ensuing he admitted 
Dr. Newman, under the following circumstances : — Mr. Dal- 
gaims, on his return from Aston to Littlemore, near Oxford, 
wrote to the rev. father to come thither without delay. He 
started at once, and arrived as an outside passenger by the 
coach to Oxford, at ten p.m. on 8th October, completely 
drenched with rain. He was met at Oxford by Messrs. 
Dalgairns and St. John, who accompanied him to Littlemore. 
The first words they uttered were that Dr. Newman, their 
master and friend, had decided on following their example. 
This announcement made him forget the fatigue of his 
journey. Stepping into a oonveyance, they reached Little- 
more by eleven that night. The rev. priest was introduced 
into a parlour, and whilst standing by the fire to dry his 
clothes Dr. Newman entered, and kneeling at his feet and 
begging his blessing, entreated him to hear his confession, 
and receive him into the Church of Jesus Christ. F. Dominic 
was moved to tears ; and after a short interval proceeded to 
hear his general confession. On the following morning 
Messrs. Bowles and Stanton made their confessions also, and 
in the evening all read the profession of faith in the private 
chapel of the house. On the 10th of October F. Dominic 
celebrated Mass there, and administered the holy communion 
to Dr. Newman, and Messrs. Dalgairns, St. John, Bowles, 
and Stanton. He was afterwards introduced by Mr. Dalgairns 
to Mr. Woodmason, his wife and two daughters, who begged 
the benefit of his ministry to be reconciled to the Church. 
All this was accomplished to their mutual comfort. When 
F. Dominic first saw Dr. Newman, he said, good-humouredly, 
^Little more, and you will be right.' '' 

The duties of vice-provincial obliging him, in January, 
1847, to resign the government of his little community at 



RELIGIOUS ESTABLISHlilSNTS. 167 

Woodchester, he appointed for his successor F. Maroellian^ of 
St. John the Evangelist, an Italian, called in the world John 
Anthony Pini. He was born on Christmas-eve, 1819, and 
was admitted to his rdigious profession as a Passionist on 
10th August, 1837. He had been sent by his general to 
England in the spring of 1845, and within a twelvemonth 
later was called by F. Dominic to Northfield House. He 
was certainly a man of great promise ; but his constitution 
was very delicate, and he was prematurely cut off on the 
morning of 14th March, 1848, an^ his precious remains were 
deposited in Mr. Leigh's vault, under the chapel of the Forty 
Martyrs, which I have mentioned in page 127. 

This regretted superior was succeeded by F. Vincent, of 
St. Joseph, who continued to preside at Woodchester until 
their removal to Broadway. I conclude this narrative by 
a brief notice of the end of the saintly F. Dominic, who died, 
alas I too soon for others, but not for himself, at the Railway 
Hotel, Beading, on Monday afternoon, 27th August, 1849. 
He had started that morning from St. Joseph's, Poplar House, 
in the company of F. Lewis, an Italian Passionist, in order 
to visit his dear religious at Woodchester. For some time he 
must have been suffering from ossification of the heart. The 
travelling brought on such excruciating pain, that he was 
obliged to be lifted out of the train at the Pangboum-station. 
As the cholera was then prevalent in England, and his attack 
was presumed to be cholera, he was refused accommodation 
at the inns, and was obliged to lie for an hour on a little 
straw in a cottage. How this must have reminded him of 
the suffering babe of Bethlehem. At the arrival of the next 
train he was lifted in and conveyed to Beading, where, at the 
Bailway Hotel, he experienced, every attention. But his 
complaint was beyond all human succour, and about three 
P.M. he slept in the Lord. The corpse that evening was 
removed to London, and thence to Stone, in Staffordshire. 
On the following Friday, Slst August, the community of 
Aston, in all fifteen religious, and the Bev. John Harkness^ 
of Swynnerton Park, met at the Catholic chapel at Stone, 
and after a solemn High Msiss started in procession from the 
chapel to Aston Hall, a distance of two miles, followed by an 
immense multitude, who conducted themselves with the 
utmost decency and respect to departed worth. When the 
procession arrived St. MichaePs Church, Aston, the coffin 
was placed in the centre, and the Bev. John Harkness deli- 
vered a most impressive discourse, which drew abundance of 
tears from the audience and spectators. On the conclusion of 



163 HISTORICAL REPORT^ ETC. 

the burial service, the coffin was deposited in a vault pre- 
pared on the gospel side of the sanctuary, where it awaits a 
glorious resurrection. 

F. Eugene, of St. Anthony, whom the general of the 
Fassionists had delegated to be his visitor, arrived in England 
during the month of August, 1850. He much objected to 
Mr. Leigh's wish, that his community should be charged with 
the care of a secular congregation, and that the church should 
also be parochial. It was then amicably arranged that his 
Passionist brethren should be removed to Broadway. During 
these negotiations the Dominicans were actually holding their 
provincial chapter, where the propriety was debated and 
agreed upon, of establishing a novitiate, where the rule of 
St. Dominic should be in all things strictly observed. The 
locality of the novitiate was to form the subject of considera- 
tion for the next day. But behold I that very evening Mr. 
Leigh, who knew nothing of the Dominicans before, having 
merely seen some of them at the opening of Mr. Haigh's 
beautiful church at Erdington, co. Warwick, that summer, 
came and offered the premises at Woodchester for their ac- 
ceptance. The providence of God appeared so manifest in 
the transaction, that there was little hesitation in embracing 
the offer ; and accordingly F. Augustine Procter, accompanied 
by brother Lewis Weldon, on 8th October, 1850, took pos- 
session, and was soon after joined by F. Augustine Midtus 
and some postulants. In the next summer the vicar-general 
of the Dominicans, the very Bev. F. Vincent Jandel, made a 
visitation of this province, and shortly after sent over F. 
Thomas Burke from the convent of Sancta Sabina, as vice- 
master of novices. I praise and bless Almighty God for the 
bright prospects opening to religion in this convenient and 
spacious monastery. Under the presiding genius of the 
present superior, F. J. Dominic Aylward, I anticipate a host 
of luminaries, like the Kilwardebys and Trivets of ancient 
davs in England. Will no one attempt to do justice to this 
noble order, and supply that great desideratum — an Anglia 
Dominicana ? 



169 



CHAPTER XV. 

REPOBT TO OOYERNMBNT OF THB CATHOLIC PROPBRTT, IN 1715 
AND I7l8y IN THB8B SIX WBSTBRR COUNTIBS. 

ComwalL 

Richard Arundell^ Esq. 

William Plowden, Esq * 

Richard Rawe^ of St. Colombe^ Esq. 

Thomas Rawe^ of St. Cleather 

William Couche^ of St. Sampson 

Nicholas James^ of Newlyn . 

James Lincolne^ ef ditto 

Richard Rawe, of St. Colombo 

John Hanne^ of Cardinham . 

Margaret Hayman's Annuity out of St. Maw- 

gan in Pydre 
John Pearse, of St. Mawgan in Pydre 
William Rawe^ estate in Pillaton^ in possession 

of John Pickard 
Mary Evans^ estate in Pydre^ in possession of 

William Pearse 
John Pearse^ of St. Ervan 
Julian Pearse^ of ditto . 
John Randal^ of St. Mawgan in Pydre 
Henry Lord Arundell . 
John Hussey, !E!sq. 
Richard Crossmaa^ of Cardinham . 

N.B. The blanks had not yet registered their estates. 




JE737 2 2i 

67 11 7 

5 10 

104 6 4 

9 19 10 


5 
241 9 

4 16 



4 



17 10 
23 






16 





17 
67 
22 

18 









97 18 10 



Devonshire. 

Hugh Lord Clifford £596 

WiUiam Salisbury^ of Alwington . .17 
Edward Southcote, of Bliboro'^co. Lincoln, Esq. 231 
William Thorold, of Little Panton, in co. Lin- 
coln, Esq. 55 



7 



13 



44 


8 







♦ The property of W. Plowden, I imagine, was partly at Trelask, in 
Lewanick parish, and partly at Upton, in St. Winnows, and Carhays 
St. Michaers. It had belonged to the Trevanions. 



170 



REPORT TO GOVERNMENT 



Wm. Hall^Covent Garden, Middlesex^ grocer . £24 

Margaret Green, of Elworthy, spinster . . 30 4 

Edward Gary, of Tor Abbey, Esq. . . . 812 17 10 

Edward Blount, of Blagdon, Esq. . . . 175 8 7i 

William Culcheth,* of King's Teignton . . 12 4 10 

Henry Lord Arundell 124 6 

George Arundell, of Croscombe . . . 7 15 3 

GilesChichester, of Arlington, Esq. . . 124 6 

Clement Tattershall, of Paignton, Gent. . 30 7 9 

Jane Tattershall, of King's Kerswell . . 80 
Henry Tattershall, of Paignton 

Laurence Tattershall, of Berry Pomeroy, Gent. 87 

Thomas Tucker^ of Newton St. Cyres . . 10 

Mary Coughton, of Arlington, widow . . 33 

John Snow, of Berry Narber . . . 29 

Thomas Bowe, of Staverton . . • . 47 

Osmond Mordaunt, of Stoke Fleming . . 45 

Frances Kirkham, of Newton St. Cyres , . 220 6 2i 

Thomas Cranmer, of W. Teignmouth, cooper 5 5 



Dorset. 

John Hussey, of Marnhull, Esq. 
George Arundell, of Benville, Gent.f 
John Arundell, of Netherbury, G^nt. 
Henry Lord Arundell, Baron of Wardour 
Stephen Peck, of Stower Provost, yeoman 
Jeffry Lodder, of ditto .... 
George Penn, of Weston, Esq. 
Martin Lodder, of Stower Provost, yeoman 
Rebecca Hussey, of Marnhull, widow 



140 7 

94 

45 
284 6 4i 

3 15 

269 4 

46 



* He was great grandfather of the present Parmenas Pearce, of 
Teignbridge, Esq. He was of the ^ood old family at Culcheth, co. 
Lancashire, which estate, by the marriage of Melior, an heiress, passed to 
the Diconsons and Scarisbricks. By his wife, Clara Giffard, who had 
died three months before him (he died 10th December, 1739), he left three 
children, — Thomas, who died coelebs at Newton Abbot SOth December, 
1769 ; Clara, who married Mr. James Puddicombe ; and William, who 
married, on 21st June, 1764, Jane Coleman, and died 17th September, 
1801, eet. eighty-three, leaving Mary, an only child, who married Par- 
menas Pearce,Esq., SOth November, 1795. Dying 20th December, 1841, 
in the fortieth year of her widowhood, she is represented by her only 
surviving son, Parmenas, born lOth February, 1798. 

t I observed, in the parochial register of Whitchurch Canonicorum, 
to which Chidiock is a daughter church, that George Arundell, of 
Netherbury, had been buried at Chidiock 20th April, 1682, and Mary 
Arundell, of ditto, gentlewoman, was buried at Chidiock 6th Novem- 
ber, 1080. 



OF CAflTHOUC PB0PKRTY. 



171 



Bartholomew Keepers^ of Langhom, yeoman 
Martin Biddlecombe^ of Merrjtown, Hants 
Alice Petwin, of Watleton, oo. Oxford, spinster 
Jcihn Early, of Mannington, yeoman 
Mary Strickland, of Canford Magna, widow 
Elizabeth Frampton, of Kingston, widow 
Mary Bndden, of Longham, spinster 
Winifred Wareham, of St. Andrew's, Holbom, 

estate at Croscombe, occupied by F. Allen 
George Harcourt, of Xlake, yeoman 
Edward Brown, of Bradpole, yeoman 
Thomas Daniel,^ of Chidiock, yeoman 
John Mullins, charged under Somersetshire 
John Colmer, of Chidiock, yeoman 
Anne Freke, of Chidiock, widow 
Barbara Develin, of Chidiock 
John Wakely, of ditto, yeoman 
Elizabeth Copthome, of ditto 
Francis Norris, of ditto, yeoman 
Ann Mayrs, of ditto 
Edward Matthews, of ditto 
Richard Orchard, of Yenbay, yeoman 
Honourable Charles Stourton 
Thomas Knipe, of Sembly, co. Wilts 
Dorothy Bams, of Stourton, widow 
Henry Wall .... 

William Lodder, of Stour Provost . 
Gilbert Lodder, of ditto, blacksmith 
Thomas Wilkins, of Tisbury, Gent. 
James Prim, or Trim, of Moorton . 
Thomas Champion, of Sutton, Gent. 
Margaret Lacy .... 

Jane Lacy 

Jane Strode, estate of Stoke Abbas 
Denny Metch, of Over Moigne, yeoman 
James Browne, of Wells, Mercer . 
John Brown, of Bothenhampton 
Mary Brown .... 

Mary White, of Bradpole, widow . 
Richard ArundcU, of Lanheme, Esq. 
Henry Wells, of Brambridge, Hants 



. £ 8 








. 20 15 





18 


5 





. 24 








. 30 








. 10 








4 


8 


8 


\ 77 10 





7 








2 


10 





46 


6 





.* 10 








1 








. 15 








28 








8 








39 








. 15 








2 


5 





12 








. 27 


6 





3 


9 





. 30 











4 





11 








\ 4 


5 





. 14 








40 








6 10 





. 10 








. 82 10 


9i 


16 10 





. 31 


15 





8 


10 





. 10 








. 10 








. 256 


1 





1 


6 


6 



* At the east end of Chidiock charchyard is an altar tomb to the 
parents of this Thomas Daniel. His father, Thomas Daniel, had died 
9th January, 1670, let. sixty-six ; his wife Margaret survived until 
dOth January, 1680, O.S., sDt. eiehty-nine. They must have witnessed 
the siege and dismantling of Chidiock Castle. 



172 



&EPOBT TO OOVERNUENT 



Humphry Weld^ of LuUworth Castle, Esq. 
Agatha Morgan, of Stower Provost, widow 
Sir Joha Webb, of Great Canford, Bart. 
Mary Long, of Mumphin, co. Wexford, widow 
Richard Oold, of Odstock 
Elizabeth Clarke, of Motcombe, spinster 
Eleanor Wilson, of Bridzor, widow 
Henry Lacy, of Wardour, Gent. 
Isabella Brayne, of Swillets, widow 



£S46 2 21 



1,030 
339 

7 



17 

2 

10 



16 
40 



6 
1 









Somerset. 

John Acton, of E[indley, oo. Lancaster . 

Henry Lord Arundell 

Mary Barnes, of Stourton, spinster 

Walter Barnes, of Bode in Gasper, Gent. 

Francis Came, of Bath, Gent. 

Francis Cottington, of Fonthill GHfford, Esq. 

Margaret Coffin, of North Cadbury 

Thomas Clifford, of Cannington, Esq. 

John Cottington, of Goodmanstor, Esq. 

Thomas Davies, of Stower Provost, Gent. 

Mary Evans, of Wells, spinster 

Charles Fairfax, of York, Esq. 

William Gillder, of Chidiock, Dorset, Gent. 

Dorothy Green, estate at Willet, in the parish 

ofElworthy 

Margaret and Mary Green, of Willet 
Gabriel Green, of Morchard Bishop, Devon 
John Hussey, of Mamhull, Dorset, Esq. 
Margaret Harvey, of Waves Wotton, co. War. 

wick, widow . . . . 
John Horton, of Woolverton, Gtent. 
Samuel James, of East Harptree . 
Thomas Knoyle, of Sampford Orias 
William Knight, of Cannington 
(George Kenton, of Shepton Mallett 
John Molins, of Bishop's Hull, Gent. 
Joseph Pearoe, of Wells, inn-holder 
Elias Pearce, of Wells, baker 
Anne Poyntz, estate at Carhampton 
William Richardson, of Gasper 
Robert Rowe, of Leighland, Esq. . 
Samuel Richard, of Holwell, Esq., and his wife 

Elizabeth 

John Stibbs, of Bath, Gent. . 




6 
2 



37 6 

246 

20 

4 

103 19 
60 
23 

375 17 

120 3 7 

3 10 

208 2 4 
60 
88 

8 

16 Oi 
19 

31 2 6 

50 

209 6 7 

2 11 6 

17 
100 

8 10 

104 5 2 
20 
22 6 
54 

3 
323 1 8i 

246 

45 2 



66 
199 4 



8 


23 8 

2 

10 19 

18 





1 



2 
380 15 




4i 


16 
200 







OF CATHOLIC PROPERTY. 178 

Thomas Stourton^ estate at Bonham . . £74 8 4 
Edward Southcote^ £sq.^ of Bliborough^ co. 

Lincoln^ Esq. 

Humphry Steere, estate at Sandford 

John ancl Maud Stodden^ of Shiverton Sto- 

gursey 28 

Joice Shephard, of Weston^ juxta Bath^ spinster 
John Taunton, of West Ly dford, mercer 
John Taunton, estate of, Bedminster 
Thomas Taunton, of West Lydford, yeoman . 
Henry Wall, of Stourton .... 
James Lord Waldegrave .... 
Margaret Woolmer, estate at Burcott, St. 

Cuthbert's parish 

Henry Waldegrave, Esq., annuity . 

Wiltshire. 

Mary Anne (Q. Hanne ?), of Sutton Mande- 
ville ....... 

Henry Lord Arundell, of Wardour . 1 

Richard Bruning, of Winchester, Gent. . 

George Brookman, of Ansty, yeoman or weaver 

Mary Butt, of Bridzor .... 

Francis Cottington, of Fonthill Gifford, Esq. . 

Gaynor Cruise, of Wootton Bassett, widow 

Edward Gary, of Tor Abbey, Esq. . 

Elizabeth, Countess Dowager of Castlehaven . 

Francis Came, of Bath, Gent. 

Anne Cruise, of Greenhill, widow . 

Mary Coffin, of Stourton, widow . 

JohnCottington, of Goodmanston, co. Somerset, 
Esq. . : . . . . 

Thomas Champion, of Sutton Mandeyille, lea- 
ther-cutter 

John Dancastle, of Binfield, Berks, Gent. 

William Estcoiui;, of Bumham, Esq. 

Edward Famhill, of Fonthill GifFard, Gent. . 

John Hussey, of MamhuU, co. Dorset, Esq. . 

John Horton, of Woolverton, co. Somerset, 
Gent 

John Haylock, of Tisbury .... 

Matthew Haylock, of Bridzor 

Mary Jenkins, of Wardour Castle, spinster 

Susannah Kenyon, of Bath, widow . 

John King, of Warblington, Hants, yeoman . 



44 10 





,396 18 


3 


6 16 


8 


1 12 





3 





795 4 


8 


64 





560 13 


6 


537 12 10 


11 





30 





50 





110 





6 16 





94 





224 9 





28 





2 5 


4 


5 


4 


20 





15 10 





19 





20 





10 





































174 REPORT TO GOVERNMENT 

Thomas Elnype^ of Semley .... £24 

George Knype, of Semley .... 30 

Abigail Kyngsmill^ co. Bucks^ widow . . 100 
Jefiry Lodder, or Lodge, of Stower Provost, 

yeoman . , 30 

Richard Lee, of Hasledoa 68 

James Morgan, of St. Giles's, annuity out of 

Ansty mansion 20 

William Moore, of St. Giles's, co. Middlesex, 
estate of Hedington, in possession of Anthony 

Brook 130 2 6 

Anne Perkins, from Cheesegrove estate, in pos- 
session of William Green .... 7 
Thomas Bippen, or Pippin, of Bridzor, yeoman 13 
Bartholomew Smith, of Winchester, Esq. . 12 
Mary Watson, of Bestford, co. Worcester, 

spinster 20 

Catherine Watson, of ditto .... 100 

Charles Woolmer, of Fonthill Giffard, Gent, . 15 

Thomas Wells, of Brambridge,. Hants, Gent. . 200 

John Wright, of Kelvedon Hall, Essex, Esq. . 12 

Simon White, of Wardour Castle ... 20 

Cecil Wilson, of Bridzor .... 52 

Eleanor Wilson, of ditto, widow ... 12 

Sir John Webbe, of Great Canford, Dorset . 405 

Gloucestershire. 

Rowland Bartlett 220 

Richard Bartlett . . . . . 2 
Anne Bartlett . ... . . .50 

Richard Blore 1 

Mary Bubb . .... . .24 

Margaret, Mary, Frances, Conquest, and Eli- 
zabeth Brent . . . ... . 457 

Mary Cassy 42 

Francis Canning 50 

Charles Eyston 197 

James Fermour 80 

Richard Fermour 200 

Margaret Oreen wood 75 

Charles Greenwood 73 

Giles Harding 10 

Anne Hinde 31 

Matthias Harris 4 

Jane Hvnson 1 



10 





15 























10 











10 


6 








10 











10 


2 








13 


4. 








8 

















5 











12 


4 


19 


4 








4 


8 


5 





16 


8 








7 


6 









OP CATHOLIC PROPERTY. 175 

Benedict Hall £680 

John Jemegan .... . 814 

Francis Jemegan 80 

Anthony Kemp 215 

John Latham 18 

Richard Latham 6 

Ann Dame Litcott 91 

John Moore 284 

Robert Needham 8 

Thomas Neville and wife .... 1,162 

John Paston 727 

William Reeves 25 

Mary Shirman 2 

Edward Sheldon ] 

Anne Simons 28 

Earl of Stafford* 350 

Mary Smith 50 

Ann Stafford 140 

Sarah Trinder 26 



12 





1 


4 








19 


9 


13 











8 





12 





6 





14 


8 


6 


2 








15 








8i 








14 


Oi 





















* This must have been Henry Howard, son of William, Viscount 
Stafford, legally murdered for Gates's ^lot, on 21)th December, 1680, 
set. sixty-eifi[ht. King James II., in consideration of his father's suffer- 
ings ana noble descent, on 5th October, 1688, created this Henry, earl 
of Stafford, with remainder, for want of issue male, to his brothers John 
and Francis, and their issue male respectively. On his death, in April, 
1719, s.p,^ the earldom descended to his nephew William, the son of 
John, by his wife Ann Holman. This second earl died in France, 
January, 1734, leaving an only son and heir, William Matthias : he 
died, *./>., in February, 1761, when the title devolved on his uncle John 
Paul, at whose death, 1st April, 1762, set. sixty-two, without issue 
male,* the viscounty and earlaom of Stafford ended with him ; but the 
barony of Stafford was claimed by Sir William Jerningham, of Cossey, 
Bart., as lineally descended from the Lady Anastasia, the fifth sister of 
the first earl : and after much unreasonable delay, the House of Lords^ 
on the 6th of July, 1825, resolved, that Sir George Jerningham, son 
and heir olthe late Sir William (who had died 14th August, 1809), had 
fully made out his claim to the title, dignity, and honour of Baron 
Stafford. Our readers are aware that the said Lady Anastasia married 
George Holman, of Wark worth, co. Northampton, Esq., — that William, 
the second Earl Stafford, married his first cousin, Anne, daughter 
to George Holman, Esq., by his wife the Lady Anastasia, — that his 
sister Mary married Francis Plowden, Esq., — and that their daughter 
and heir, Mary Plowden, married in 17di3 Sir Geoive Jerningham, Bart., 
the mother of Sir William and grandmother of Sir Greorge Jerning- 
ham, the seventh baronet, who established his claim to the barony of 
Stafford. 

* His lady, Elizabeth, daughter of John St. Albyn, of Alfoxton, co. 
Somerset, Esq., survived her lord until 25th January, 1783. The reader 
will be edified and delighted with the account of her conversion in the 
Memoires of La Motte, Bishop of Amiens, vol. ii. p. 95. 



176 REPORT TO GOVERNMENT^ ETC. 

Charles Trinder £26 9 

John Talbot 65 

John Yaughan 41 14 8 

JohnVaughan 171 

John Wright 81 8 lOJ 

Joseph Wakeman 39 

Henry Wall 47 5 

Benedict Wakeman 875 15 8 

Henry Wakeman 40 

John Webster 795 9 6 



177 



CHAPTER XVL 

TABLS8 or S17CCB88IOX OF TBB INCUMBBNTS OP THB PRINCIPAL 
MISSIONS IN THB COUNTIBS AFORESAID. 

In the days of persecution, when the pastors were afraid 
of keeping registers, lest they might furnish evidence of their 
priesthood, and imperil those who harboured them — ^wheu 
the clergy could have little intercourse with each other, and 
bishops could but seldom perform their visitations, the 
wonder ceases, that it is such a difficult task to make out 
the succession of our Catholic incumbents. Most of the 
regular and secular clergy were private chaplains; some 
were itinerant missionaries over a wide extent of country^ 
without any fixed abode — shepherds to use the words of the 
Prophet Ezekiel (xxxiv. 12) ''to seek out the sheep and 
deliver them out of all places, where they have been scattered 
in the cloudy and dark day.'' In vain have I attempted to 
form out the list of incumbents at Lanheme, Arlington, 
Stourton, Hatherop, Canford, and several other ancient 
missions; and for the present must be contented to enrol 
what disjointed names I can recover, in the second and Bio^ 
graphical part of this feeble compilation. 

1. Incumbents of Axminsler. 

In page 26 I have given the origin of this mission. 

1. Rev. William Sutton, after thirty-two years' residence, 
died here 23rd January, 1800. See his Biography in the 
second part. 

2. Messrs. le Blaise and le Mare, two French imigrisy 
divided the pastoral duty between them, until the treaty of 
Amiens, 25th March, 1802; soon after which they returned to 
France. 

8. VAhbi de la Brecque succeeded. Ob. 3rd February, 
1819, set. sixty-nine. 

4. Sev. Charles Haly, from 2nd July, 1819, until his 
resignation, 5th September, 1821. 

5. Cornelius Magraih, who left at Midsummer, 1824. 

6. Robert Piatt arrived on 1st October, 1824; was trans- 
ferred to Lanheme at Christmas, 1826. 



178 TABLES OP SUCCESSION OF INCUMBENTS. 

7. Jonathan Purtong supplied till Michaelmiis^ 1827* 

8. Robert Gates followed until August, 1828. 

9. Henry BUey from 29tli August, 1828, until he left, 
28th April, 1884, to take charge of the Plymouth mission. 
He opened the new chapel of St. Mary on the feast of the 
Assumption, 1831. 

10. John Larkan arrived on 2Sth April, 1834; but on 
17th July next ensuing was ordered to Torquay. 

11. Charles FUher, who had arrived on 17th July, 1834, 
was o£f to Lyme in the first week of October following. 

12. Peter (TLouffhlin foUowed on 8th October, 1834, but 
Irom iU health waa obliged to leave before Christmas-day that 
year. 

13. John Ahyriue Gregory Swabrick arrived from Christmas, 
1884 ; but quitted for Lyme, when he was replaced by 

14. Henry Norrington, on 27th October, 1887. This ex- 
eellent priest died here on 8th December, 1848, let forty. 

15. Patrick Kelly came to Axminster 2nd January, 1849, 
fmd quitted at the end of a twelvemonth fcnr Salisbury. 

16. Francis Keary served from iStoA March, 1850, until 
he left, 12tb October, 1861. 

17. Chwrle$ Cook airived 17th July, 1851, and continued 
for seven months only, 

18. Thomas Lynch, bom at Loughree, Galway, in 1802; 
was ordained at Maynooth in 1829 : after serving Spetisbnry 
and Salisbury, became the incumbent of Axminster on 10th 
September, 1852, and took congi on 26th July, 1855. He 
returned, however, on 10th November, but quitted cm 2Bd 
February, 1856, to settle in his own country, at Shinrone. 

19. Rev. John Toohey, who had served Bodmin from the 
Lanheme Convent during a year and eight months, reached 
Axminster on Saturday 15th March, 1856. 

2. Bath. 
Of this Benedictine Mission ab initio, {he first, I believe. 



1. F. Anselm Williams, see page 55. 

2. F. Bernard Quin. 

8. JP*. WilUam Bannister, who died 16th May, 1726. 

4. F. Prands Brumng, 

5. Bight Rev, Jhr. Laurence York, 1 think, from 1732 to 
1745. 

6. F. Ansebn Bradshaw, for twelve years. 

7. F. Placid Naylor, for nineteen years. 

8. Dr. John Bede Brewer, for five years. 



tkVUI^ 6P 0COCB8tnKm C>P IKtilTMBBllTS. 179 

9. R Michael Pembridge, who was aUowed an assistant 
priest by the chapter. 

10. F. Ralph Ainsworth was chief pastor fix>in 1 796 to 1814. 

11. F. James CaUerbonk, upwards of three ye4r*. 

12. RiffU Rev. Dr. AuguHine BahieB, from July 1817 
until his episcopal consecration^ Ist May, 1823. 

18. Rev. Thomas Brindled for six years. 

14. F. Ralph Mauma Cooper, from 1830 to 1846. 

15. F. John Jerome Jenkins, to 1850. 

16. John Clement WarMy, from 1860. 

9. iFbr the Bristol Mission, seepage 108. 

4. Chidiock. 

1. F. nomas Pilchard, martyred 21st March, 1587. 

2. F. John Cornelius, 8 J., martyred 4ih July, 1594. 
8. F. Hugh Oreen, martyred 19th August, 1642. 

4. F. Higgs. 

6. F. ffilUam Byfleet, tiias Gildon, O.B.B4 Thisvraerable 
man, at the age of 100, suffered the amputation of a leg : at 
the age of 102 he baptized, at Chidiock, the late Thomas 
Taunton, Esq., bom 9th June, 1745. fletiring to Bonham^ 
the patriarchal priest died there 19th October, 1746. 

6. Richard ShimeU* died at Chidiock in December, 1763» 
St. seveiri^-six. 

7. PhilyB Conxion served Chidiock twenty-five years. 

8. Thomiu Lewis, 8 J., altogether twenly-three years, 
until his death 5th September, 1809, set. sixty-nine. 

9. Thomas TUbmy, from 14th November^ 1809, till 20th 
NoTcmber, 1840. 

10. mUiam Peter Bond quitted for Hobart Town with 
Bishop Willson 29th January, 1844. 

11. F. Robert Plait suppli^ until October, 1844. 

12. J^. John Ryan succeeded — opened the new chapel at 
Bridport on 2nd July, 1846 ; quitted in November, 1850. 

la. F. Henry O'Shea, O.SJl 

14. F. J. J. Gallagher. 

15. F. Basil Thomas, O.3.B., reached early in 1853, but 
died 7th September, 1853, set. thirty-nine. 

16. F. Jviffiid Price, O.8.B., ordained priest at Ample- 
forth December^ 1849. 

17. F. Placidus Sinnett, O.S.B., in 1855. 

* I am credibly informed that his nephew, the Rev. Charles Shimell, 
had assisted him, and even succeeded nim, but died of a rapid decline 
at the Bear Inn, Exeter, in April, 1764. 

N 2 



180 TABLES OP SUCCESSION OF INCUMBENTS. 



5. Exeter. 

After the death of F. Richard Norris^ S. J. mentioned in 
page 25^ all that I glean ia, that the handful of the faithful 
here were occasionally visited by some zealous itinerant 
missionaiy charged with the care of a considerable portion 
of Devon. One old man of the name of John Flood, a 
convert in 1745, informed me, fully forty-six years- ago, that 
he remembered the Rev. Messieurs Rigby, Hussey, Williams, 
Parry, and Sutton, performing divine service. At length, 
about the year 1763, F. William Gillibrand, S.J., was ap- 
pointed a resident incumbent, and took up his quarters with a 
Mr. Truscott in the island ; the site is now occupied by the 
gas-works. I have seen a letter of his, dated Exeter, 
14th January, 1765. He was still in Exeter in 1768. 
F. Anthony Carroll, S.J., succeeded him for about two 
years; then F. Joseph Barron, S.J., who left in 1772 for 
Arlington, when the Rev. John Edisford followed. Shortly 
after his arrival he took a lease, at Christmas, 1775, of 
Mr. Abraham Gibbs' premises in the Mint, which he 
finally ajgreed to purchase on 23rd July, 1788. By the aid 
of public and private subscriptions the purchase money, 
iS400, was paid. A public chapel in the garden was then 
considered and resolved on. Mr. Edisford assisted at the 
deliberations of the committee on 19th August, 1788 ; 2nd 
September, 1788 ; 4th May, 1789 ; but on the 20th November 
following he was snatched away by death, aged fifty-one, 
leaving a surplus of about £400, subscribed towards the con- 
templated chapel. 

At the next meeting of the committee, on 3rd March, 
1790, at which the Rev. Joseph Reeve of Ugbrooke presided, 
the Rev. William Poole, S.J., the newly-arrived successor to 
the late Mr. Edisford, was duly introduced as a member. 
On 6th May the foundation-stone of the chapel was laid. 
Mass was first celebrated xa it on the feast of the Epiphany, 
1792. On Father Poole's quitting Exeter in January, 1807, 
the Rev. Thomas Lewis was transferred from Chidiock to 
Exeter. He continued to ofSciate here until October of that 
year, when he was relieved by the collector of these memo- 
randa ; who, after forty-four years of missionary service, was 
replaced by the Rev. James Austin Eccles, S.J. 

'^Benedic, Domine, fortitudini ejus, ct opera manuum 
illius suscipe/'--(Deuteron. xxxiii. 11.) 



TABLB8 OF SUCCESSION OF INCUMBENTS, 181 

6. Falmauih, page 30. 

1. Rev. William IgnatitLS Casemore, O.8.F., arrived in 
January^ 1805, and was incambcDt for thirteen years, when he 
resigned, and retiring to Coxside, Plymouth, there died, 
29th November, 1824, set. seventy-three. 

2. UAbbi Grezille, alias Hoche, arrived 6th August, 1818, 
opened the new chapel 24th October, 1821 ; and dying 
17th August, 1822, was buried therein. 

3. Thaddaus CfMeally arrived to succeed the Abbe, and 
continued one twelvemonth. 

4. Peter Hartley followed, coming from Chepstow, and 
served the place until March, 1827, when he was ordered to 
Poole. 

5. Robert Gates resided here from Lady-day, 1827, until 
13th September, 1828, when he went to Axminster. 

6. Robert Piatt arrived 8th September, 1827, but left for 
Swansea in January, 1831. 

7. Maurice & Connor^ then tried it for a twelvemonth, 
when F. Robert Piatt was appointed again, and remained in 

Sossession until Saturday, 17th June, 1843, when the Re- 
emptorists came in to serve the missions; but on 1st 
September, 1848, they quitted it altogether for Clapham.^ 
Since their depstrture, there has been a rapid passage of 
incumbents, as FF. Michael Carrol and John Ryan. 
But see the biographical part. 

7. Leighland, see p. 62. 

This ancient mission was certainly served chiefly by 
Benedictines. 

F. Richard King, alias Scott, was chaplain to the Poyntz 
family here at his death, 2nd July, 1664. 

F. Bernard Millington ended his days attached to the 
family, 4th August, 1667. 

Other monks, FF. Joseph Berriman, Francis Mildmay 
Richard Isherwood, Joseph Hanmer, or Starkey, Paul 
AUanson, Anselm Geary, followed in succession; but I 
cannot ascertain their length of services. William Anderson, 
a Jesuit, was certainly stationed there about the year 1750. 
The venerable monk, F. Bernard WarmoU, was chaplain 
there in 1754-5, as one who remembered him then informed 
me. He was followed by his brother Benedictines, Alfred 

* It is consoline to find that at Easter, 1856, at their church of 
Clapharo, they haa more than GOO communicaiits, and that their poor- 
schools were well attended. 



18)3 TABIiSB OF SUCCBSSiOM OF INCUMBCMTB. 

Strait^ Anselm Bolton, and Maurua Barrett. Soon after 
the last-mentioned left, in 1767, George Clarkson, a Jesuit, 
arrived there ; but when he left for Stapehill, and finally for 
his native place, Southill, near Chorley, I cannot discover. 

I remember an old French Abbe, Monsieur Renoult, 
coming from Leighland, in 1808, to serve Calverleigb, where 
he died, 14th November, 1810; but he was not a person to 
afford much information. 

8. Plymauih, p. 26. 

1. F. Edward Williams, whose head-quarters were at 
Bearscombe, the seat of Richard Chester, Esq., in the parish 
of Buckland Tout Saints, was long in the habit of rendering 
occasional assistance to the faithful in Plymouth and its 
vicinity. His death occurred 30th January, 1776. 

2. Bev, George Baudouin was then appointed to that 
charge ; but he was so alarmed at the (xordon riots in the 
summer of 1780, that he quitted the neighbourhood alto* 
gether. 

3. Rev, Charles Timings, who had come from St. Alban's 
College, Yalladolid, in March, 1782, paid ministerial visits at 
Plymouth before the arrival of 

4. F. Thomas Flynn, a gentleman of Herculean strength 
and vigour, who became the first resident incumbent. About 
ten years later he resigned his charge, in February, 1803, 
to proceed to Bardstown^ in Kentuckv. 

5. AbM Jean Louis Guilbert, an emigri from Normandy, 
arrived from Shepton Mallett, to administer to the spiritual 
wants of this increasing flock. To his credit be it said, that 
he boldly undertook to lay the foundation-stone of St. Mary's 
church at Stonehouse on 28th May, 1806, which was opened 
for public worship 20th December, 1807 ; and he erected the 
priest's house adjoining. Towards the close of 1815, he 
resigned his pastoral office to return to France, where he 
died 27th July, 1822, set. fifty-nine. 

6. Rev, Samuel Spooner succeeded, 10th December, 1815 ; 
but quitted at the end of four years and eight months. 
After an eccentric life, he died in Londoii 8th August, 1839^ 
and was buried at Mooxfields Church. 

7. L'Abb6 Alewandre Simon arrived in August, 1820; bnt 
died suddenly of apoplexy on 6th of the ensuing April, in his 
fifty-first year. 

8. Thomas Costello, B.D., was prevailed upon by Bishop 
CoUingridge to accept the charge in April, 1821. He held 
it imtS 1st May, 1834, when he resigned it to 



TJlBLCS op SUCCBSBION Of INC17MBBNT8. 183 

9. Rev. Henry Biley, under wbose efficient management 
and seal the numbers so increased^ that he obtained a coad^ 
jtttor^ first, in the Rev. Gteorge Bampton, who began his 
missionary career 2l8t October, 1842, but left to join the 
Society of Jesus 2Srd January, 1816 ; and, secondly, the 
Bev. Michael Carroll, who arrived two davs later. From 
declining health, F« Riley bade fareweu to Plymouth, 
4th March, 1848, and died, uniyersally lamented, ak Spetia^ 
bury on Maundy Thursday, 5th April, 1849, set. fifty^fire. 

9. Shortwood, p. 61. 

Mr. William James, of East Harptree, was a wealthy 
grasier, and possessed considerable property in the parish^ 
of East Harptree and Ninton Bluett. He had nired a 
droTcr in Salisbury market, and subsequently noticing that 
he did not attend the parish church, but often enga^d in 
his devotions in the out-buildings, was led by curiosity to 
examine his books. Their perusal induced him to ask ques- 
tions, and he became so edified with the example of his 
faithful Catholic servant, and so satisfied with his explaniu* 
lions and instructions, that he was reconciled to the Church 
of God. At his death, about the year 1720, he left three 
ehiklren, who were brought up Catholics, — first, William; 
second, FhiUp, who died cmkbs ; third, Elizabeth, who left 
no issue. 

WilUam James, jun. married Hannah, daughter of 
Joseph Beaumont, a good Catholic, residing at Wells, and 
who had a decent property at Stone Easton. By his wife, 
a Miss Harding, he had three sons, all of whom took to the 
Church ; John was a Franciscan, William and Joseph became 
Jesuits, and of them more will be found in the biographical 
part. Mr. Beaumont, by his will, gave his Stone Easton 
estate to his grandson, John Hunt, but required that he 
should assume the name of Beaumont. Letters patent were 
obtained to this effect on 10th March, 1775. 

Mr. William James aforesaid died in March, 1774^ 
leaving, by his wife Hannah (Beaumont), four daughters, — 
iSixabeth, married to Mr. John Hunt; Hannah, to John 
Sanders Tudor ; Mary, to Mr. Bichard Trappd ; and Ann, 
who married the Bev. John Brookes, the rector of Hinton 
Bluett. 

This reverend and liberal-minded gentleman sold the 
advowson of the church at Hinton Bluett in 1804, and some 
time after embraced the Catholic faith, and was a special 
benefactor to St. MichaePs mission at Shortwood. His wiQ 



18 ( TABLES OF SUCCESSION OF INCUMBENTS, 

bears date 27th April, 1824 ; his death took place 19th May of 
that year, set, eighty-three, and his mortal remains repose in 
Hinton Bluett churchyard. 

I now proceed to give the list of its incumbents ; and for 
their biography must refer the reader chiefly to the second 
part of this compilation. 

The first, I believe, was the Rev. Joseph Hunt, vere Beau^ 
mont, the son of John and Elizabeth Beaumont, after his 
father had changed the name of Hunt for Beaumont, as 
already mentioned. He reached England, after his educa- 
tion, and receiving orders, in March, 1795, from Douay, and 
resided until 1799 among his family connections, until he 
accepted the mission of Usk, which he served for three years. 
He was then prevailed upon, by the grand vicar, the Bev. 
William Coombes, and his relatives, to come and settle among 
them; On 15th May, 1806, he was enabled to open a 
chapel, which he continued to serve until old age compelled 
him to resign his charge in March, 1838 ; when retiring to 
Clifton, he finished his earthly course there on Ist December 
of that year, aged seventy-six. All his successors must hold 
memory in grateful veneration. 

2. John Alayrius Gregory Swabrick came and supplied 
for about a month, and was off in June, 1838. 

3. John Larkan, after running the gauntlet of missions in 
the Western District arrived here on 22nd June, 1838, and 
continued until 19th May, 1841. 

4. James Dawson came in July, 1841 ; but left, 19th 
August, 1842. 

5. Moses Furhnff, who had often supplied from Prior 
Park during the illness and absence of Mr. Dawson, now 
succeeded him, and quitted for Lanheme, 12th August, 1842. 

6. Thomas Danson (alias Douthwaite) followed, but left 
27th May, 1844. 

7. Thomas Tierney Fergusson, D.D., served the place for 
about three months, when he was ordered to Tawstock^ 
3rd October. 

8. Patrick Kelly arrived as his successor, 6th October, 
1844, and left within a twelvemonth. 

9. Thomas Francis Booker arrived in August, 1845, and 
quitted 9t]i March, 1862, for Bridgewater. 

10. Thomas M. McDonnell arrived 1st April, 1852, whom 
may God long preserve ! 



TABLS8 OF BUCCESBION OF INCUMBENTS, 186 

10. Taunton, page 61. 

1. Rev. George Baudouin, died, 14th May, 1818, after a 
residence of about thirty-six years. 

2. Samuel Fisher, until 1822. 

3. Adrian Towers from Christmas, 1822, to July, 1830; 
and again from 1834, until the autumn of 1841. 

4. Pierre Chanteloup served between the first and second 
incumbency of F, Towers, with the exception of one year, 
when, 

5. Andrew Byrne supplied from 1833 to 1834. 

6. John Fanning arrived 16th October, 1841 ; after nearly 
seven years' residence was solicited by the bishop to take 
charge of Tiverton for two years ; but returned to Taunton, 
his first mission, vacant by the death of Mr. Fogarty, for 
Christmas, 1850, and quitted for the diocese of Birmingham 
on 30th January, 1853. 

7. Henry &Shea, 1849. 

8. John Fogarty, who died 3rd November, 1850, aet. 
twenty-seven. 

9. John Mitchell succeeded F. Fanning in January, 1853. 

11. Tawstock and Barnstaple, page 27. 

The death of Sir Bourchier Wrey, the seventh baronet of 
his family, having taken place on 20th November, 1826, set. 
seventy, the title and estate descended to his eldest son, 
Bourchier, by his first wife, Anne, daughter of Sir Robert 
Palk, Bart. This young gentleman had been bom at Hatton 
House, 10th December, 1788, and was educated for the bar. 
Having married a Catholic widow, he generously afforded 
to her, and to his children by her, every facility to exercise 
their religion; he fitted up a domestic chapel in Tawstock 
House for their use, kept a chaplain for them, and provided 
a poor-school for children to be educated in the Catholic 
fiftith. Foreseeing that in the event of his death without 
male issue, the entailed estate must descend to his Protestant 
heirs, he readily assented to the suggestion of his zealous 
wife to provide a chapel in Barnstaple itself for the benefit 
of Catholics in the North of Devon.* This exemplary lady, 
to whom religion wiU be ever indebted, was called to the 
reward of her piety on 23rd July, 1842: R. I. P. Her 
liberal husband has carried all her wishes into effect ; their 
eldest daughter, Helena Carolina, married at Tawstock, on 

* Since the above was written I am happv to record, on the baronet's 
own authoritv, tliat he was received into the Church at Dover, by the 
Rev. Joseph Savage, on 15th September, 1856. 



186 TtABLBS OF BUOOXflUON OF INClTilBBim. 

9th August, 1838, to Edward Joseph Wdd, the heir-apparent 
to Lullworth Castle, has fully entered into her parent's views; 
and by the blessing of God, and the unceasing exertions of 
their present chaplain, Oanon Brindle, a yery handsome 
church has been dedicated on the 24di Octob^, 1856, and 
solemnly opened on the ensuing day by Archbishop 
Errington and Bishop Yaughan, assisted by nine priests, 
amidst a yast concourse of respectable attendants. Never 
did Barnstaple witness such a spectade before. May the 
word of God increase, and the number of disciples greatly 
multiply, and many of the ministers become ob^ent to the 
fiiith, as it was in Jerusalem ! (Acts yi. 7.) 

The first chaplain at Tawstock House was the Rev. Peier 
Hartley, who, after serving Chepstow, Falmouth, and Poole, 
arrived at Tawstock in July, 1827, and continued his services 
until 20th November, 1829, when he quitted for Weymouth* 
But on the subsequent resignation of his successor here, he 
was prevailed upon to return and resume his pastoral duties, 
from the latter end of 1882 until the July following. 

The 2nd, William Aloysiua (yMeara, &omNovenu)er, 1829, 
to July, 1831. 

The 3rd was the Rev. John Williams, who officiated from 
9th July, 1881, to the winter of 1832, when F. Hartley was 
reinstated. Mr. Williams resumed the charge of this 
mission on Dr. Fergusson leaving it, early in 1846; but 
finally left it on 31st May, 1849. 

4. Maurice (y Connor came in July, 1888; but hurried 
away in May, 1835,. and finished his course in Trinidad, 
December, 1840. 

6. Leonard Calderbank was incumbent from 12th June, 
1835, to 20th September that year. 

6. Michael Brancie Crowe, D.D., becune the pastor of this 
mission 20th September, 1835, and so continued till 10th 
April, 1837. He was the first to commence a register. 

7. Thomas CosteUo, then at Tiverton, agreed to supply from 
April, 1837, until June following. Subsequently, on 22nd 
May, 1840, at the earnest invitati<Hi of his old friend Lady 
Wrey, whose health was declining, he returned to Tawstock ; 
but after her ladyship's decease went back to Tiverton. 
See his biography in the second part of this compilation. 

8. Joseph Dwyer reached Tawstock 21st June, 1837, but 
three months later was called away to Thurles to assist in 
the organization of the new college ; he returned, however, 
on 17th April, 1838 ; but left in l^e ensuing spring for Bangor. 

9. John Larkan was sent to supply firom 20th September, 
1837, to 20th April following. 



TABUS OF 8UOCB88XON OF INGUMBXNT8. 187 

10. WUHam Cmeif am?ed from Marnhall 6ih April, 1889, 
until 18th May, 1840, to return to his former mission. 

11. Patrick Kdly, who had come from the ClomfiBart diocese 
on a yisit to the TeneraUe F. Cootello, became his assistant, 
and fiofiUy sooeessor. This reverend gentleman qoitted on 
8rd October, 1844, for Shortwood. 

12. Thomas Tieirneg Fergmson, !>./>., replaced from Short- 
wood the preceding incumbent on 6tii October, 1844, and 
served here for the best part of two years. 

18. John Lynch supplied for six weeks. 

14. JT^sQiA Kerin had char)$e of the faithfol from. August, 
1849, until Februaiy, 1860. 

15. Ra^h Brindle, after serrfaig Upton for ten years, took 
possession ou 8th February, 1850, and under his steady 
guidance the flod^ has sensibly increased. By his energetic 
exertions a convenient house for the incumbent has been 
erected contiguous to his new church, and now there is every 
prospect that the Lord has opened the door of frith to many, 
and that Barnstaple will become a permanent and important 
mission. 

12. Calverleigh and Tiverton, page 27. 

After the defection of John Palmer Chichester, Esq., as 
mentioned in page 19, the oldest chaplaincy in Devon, Arlmg- 
ton, was closed up, and the incumbent, Bev. Henry Innes, 
was turned adrift, to the grief of Maiy, the mother* of the 
unfortunate youth. This pious lady interested herself with 
Joseph Nagle,t of Calverleigh, Esq., to avail himself of the 
services of her reverend friend, who was the spiritual guide 
of her other son, Charles Chichester. This young gentleman 
had fortunately married, on 29th December, 1791, Honora 
French, the niece of Mr. Nagle, and the arrangement was 

• This lady was second daughter to M^r Donald Mac Donald, of 
Temadristy co. Inverness. She sorrived her husband. John Chichesteiv 
Esq., thirty-two years. Dying in Queen-square. Bath, 5th December, 
1816, aged seventy-seven, she was buried in the chapel vault thero^ 
Pierrepoint-streel. 

t Tnis venerable gentleman, ol Bally Gri£Sn, oo^ Cork, on 2nd July, 
1768, had purchased the manor of Calverleigh, the reotoiy of Bampton, 
4nd certain lands inXempletonyirom the trustees of Charles Lord Viscount 
Fane, for 10,000 a:uinea8 ; but chiefly resided at Bath, until he had fitted 
np Calverleigh tor his abode, about the year 1796, and shortly after 
engaged the Kev. Philip Compton for a chaplain, who remained there 
six years. David Nagle^ Esq., brother of the purchaser, died here 4ih 
June^ 1800, aged eighty-one. Joseph, as I well remember, died at Cal- 
verleigh Court 29th January, 1818, set. eighty-nine. By his will the 
property descended to his nephew-in-law, Charles Joseph Chichester, 
Esq., who survived until iTu January, 1887, »t. sixty-seven. His 
lady had preceded hipi to ^ grave 26th Septeqiber, 1831. 



188 tABLXS or SUCCESSION or INCUMBENTS. 

conduded between the reverend gentleman and the family to 
their mutual satisfaction. At the end of seven years Mr. 
Innes returned to his native country, Scotland, and died at 
Ballogie in the winter of 1833, aged eighty-six. 

3. VAhbi Henri Jacques Marquant succeeded Mr. Innes 
in 1802, and left in the spring of 1808. 

4. Monsieur Renault came from Leighland; but died at 
Calverleigh 14th November, 1810, and was buried in the 
parish church. 

5. Paul Augustin Fowmier^ of Vitre, arrived at Calverleigh 
15th March, 1811; dying there of apoplexy 18th January, 
1819, aged sixty-seven, he was buried in the churchyard. 

6. Jean Marc Romain Moutier (whose biography will 
appear in Part II.) served this mission very diligently until 
his lamented illness in 1831. For the present see page 27. 

7. Bamab6 Yraizoz, of Navarre, succeeded my pious friend, 
Mr. Moutier, 14th June, 1831 ; but left, from bad health, 14th 
October, 1835. Dying in London, 22nd January, 1836, set. 
fifty-three, he was buried on the 28th in Moorfiel^ Chapel. 

8. James Joseph Lyons, O.8.D., came to Calverleigh from 
Usk 28th November, 1835; left for Lyme 28th December, 1836. 

9. Thomas Costello arrived on Sunday, 29th January, 1837, 
and to the regret of many quitted for Tawstock 22nd May, 
1840; he, however, in the sequel re-assumed the charge in the 
Lent of 184^3, and held it imtil his lamented death, 21st 
March, 1846. He is buried at St. John^s Tiverton. 

10. Rev. Thomas Danson arrived at St. John's, Tiverton, 
21st June, 1842; but finding that Bishop Baines had just 
before given up on trial the premises to some religious sisters 
of the Order of Mercy, he left for Shortwood on 8th August 
following. 

1 1 . Thomas Erancis Rooker reached St. John's 12th August, 
1842 ; but to the regret of his increasing fiock was summoned 
to St. Joseph's, Bristol, in the beginning of Lent, 1843. 

12. Herbert Aubrey Woollett was placed here 3rd April, 
1846, and on 5th August following was drafted to Poole. 

13. Thomas Shattock succeeded 7th August, 1846; but 
within two months returned to Prior Park. 

14. Rev. William Sheehy, an able and active missionary, 
came in October, 1846, but left on 8th June, 1848. 

15. Rev. Henry Riky went there on 7th June, 1848, but 
was obliged by his rapidly-declining health to resign all pas- 
toral duty on 11th July following. 

16. Rev. Henry Keary succeeded 15th July, 1848, but was 
necessitated to leave before Christmas, as he could obtain no 
part of the Moutier funds fix>m Prior Park. 



TABLX8 OF SUCCESSION OF INCUMBXNT8. 189 

17. JRev. John Fanning was then sent by Bishop Hendren 
from his comfortable situation at Taunton; but after two 
years' exertion to have justice done to the incumbent in con- 
formity to the terms of the foundation^ all to no purpose^ 
be obtained permission to return to Taunton^ in the Advent 
of 1850. 

18. Rev. John Ryan left Chidiock at the end of November^ 
1850^ and was stationed here for six months, when he was 
ordered to Falmouth. He was succeeded by the present 
incumbent, the 

19. Rev. Michael Carroll^ the seventeenth that I have seen 
in this mission. 

I am in possession of the evidences that relate to the 
foundation, and am not surprised that a prelate, who knows 
well all the merits of the case, should write to me as follows : 
— " Hereafter, good people wishing to endow churches, mis- 
sions, &c., will I^ induced to employ none but lay trustees.'' 

14. Tor Abbey.— VsLges 20, 24. 

The first priest, I believe, was a worthy secular, Robert 
Hillj alias Timer. He was of the ancient family of the Hills, 
of Shilston ; but of the term of his pastoral office I cannot re- 
cover any precise information : he was certainly living in 1695. 

The second, John Lewis, alias Kemys, related to the Tynte 
family. I have met with him at the abbey in 1685, and 
probably is the priest referred to by the fanatical Whittie, 
p. 21. On 26th August, 1708, he made his will, which was 
proved in the Bishop's Court, Exeter, on 9th May, 1709, 
and was a special benefactor to his successors. 

The third that I can leam (though some others must have 
intervened — I think Mr. Vincent, who went to Sparkwell) 
was John Beaumont, of Stone Easton, O.S.F. I am told that 
he served six years. He died a Jubilarian at St. Bonaven- 
ture's convent, Douay, 1774* 

The fourth was Charles Needham, of Hilston, co. Mon- 
mouth. This gifted 4lh)e of Douay College and pohshed 
gentleman arrived at Tor Abbey 10th December, 1745, where 
until the autumn of 1788 he continued his invaluable services 
to religion and to the &mily. Retiring from the charge of 
the flock, he took up his quarters in the village of Tor 
Mohun until 22nd February, 1798, when he left for London, 
where he died 10th September, 1802, at the patriarchal age 
of eighty-eight. 

5. John Halford, another talented and exemplary alumnus 
of Douay College, succeeded the venerable Mr. Needham at 



190 TABLBs m macESBiov m ikcumbsnvb. 

Midiaelmaa^ 1788, and reaided with tiie &mil^ fbr se<FenMen 
years. Declining health compelled him to resigii his charge. 
He died at Henley-oii<>Thames 8th December, 1806* 

6. UAbU ThibauU, followed fbr a short time, when he 
removed to Sidmouth, where he was universally esteemed. 
Returning, at the restoration of the Bourbons, to Avranches, 
he there ended his days 14th July, 1823, et. sixty. 

7. UAbbi Moriland succeeded, but quitted late in 1807 
for Wappenburg, oo. Warwick. 

8. UAbbi Michel supplied, but for a short period. 

9« Mons. Oabriel Firan^aiB Le Hericf, a priest of great 
merit, commenced his mission here 2nd June, 1808, and for 
eight yean made himself tmiversaUy beloved. He then 
returned to iVanoe, and died at Bayeux 25th November, 
1844;, set. eighty-«ev«i« I shall enlarge on this good man 
in the biographical part. 

10. UAbbi Normand, bom 1st January, 1760, was a teticAe- 
irau here for some time, then retreated to Spetisbury, and 
finally to Stapehill, where he rested from his labours 14th 
January, 1842. 

11. jJAbbi Jean Cwpi. For the history of this dear firiend 
see the second part. After serving the place efSciently the 
best part of four years, he left 15th June, 1820, to visit 
France. On my recommendation he accepted the Poole 
mission at Christmas, 1820, which he left at Michaelmas, 
1825, to return to his native country. He died at Bennes 
Slst December, 1842, set. seventy-seven, 

12. WiUimn Puraell, O.8.F., reached Tor Abbey in bad 
health, 23rd S^tember, 1820. Dying on 29th July following, 
he was buried in Tor Mohun diurchyard, set. fifty-seven. 

18. John McEnery, a very able and kind-hearted ecclesi- 
astic, of whom I shall treat fully in the second part. The 
hope of recovering his impaired health induced him to travri 
mudi abroad. Indeed, we all missed him much. He had 
arrived here on 9th March, 1822, and finr several years ren- 
dered important services to religion. Betuming to his post 
in 1840, we hoped against hope that his coostitution would 
have been recruited ; but no, — on Thursday evening, 18th 
February, he died quietly in his chair at the abbey, aged 
forty-five. During his absence and sickness several priests 
attended. 

14. Bef9. John mUiams, from 3rd April, 1880, tOl 9& 
July, 1881. 

15. John Larkan supplied from 19th July, 1884, to the 
April following, when he was ordered to FoUaAon. 

16. John McDownM, hastily ordained at the age of thirty- 



ZABUU OP BUOCXatMm OV INCUMBBim. 191 

eiglit, in the adveat of 1884^ reached the abbey 15th Aprils 
1885 ; abruptly quitted 12th May, 1886 ; died at Trinidad 
in Febmaiy, 1889. 

17. Btv. GriffUhB supplied for about ten weeks. 

18..Z>'^M^ Sigwole took charge of the flock 1st Sq^tem- 
ber, 1836, but shortly after Mr. McEneiy's return, embarked 
for France 15th April, 1839. 

19. Charles Fisher assisted my invalided firiend for several 
months. 

20. Rev. Patrick Woods arrived on 18th July, 1841, and 
left it 15th September following. 

21. Thomas Michael MacdMnnell succeeded Mr. Woods, 
and did good service until Midsummer, 1844, when Bishop 
BttggB called him to Clifton. 

22. fVilUam Sheehy replaced F. Maodonell, but was 
transferred to Tivertcm in October, 1846. 

28. iZev. Thomas Danson made but an appariticm in the 
place. 

24. jRev. Mawriee Power was transferred from Penzance to 
Torquay in October, 1846 ; and religion must ever be indebted 
to his successful zeal in undertaking and completing a churdi, 
amidst many difficulties, to the glory of Ood and the benefit 
of many souls. 



15. (^i^ftrooitf.— Pages 22, 25. 

I have mentioned before, that Thomas, the first Ijord 
Cllffbrd, had erected at XJgbrooke a domestic chapel and 
cemetery in honour of St. Cyprian, the consecration of which 
was performed on 17th July, 1671, by Dr. Anthony Sparrow, 
Lord Bishop of Exeter. About a twelvemonth later the 
founder was reconciled to the Catholic Church. From the 
following bill for plate to be used for this chapel it appears, 
that he wished it to be furnished most becomingly. On 
11th January, 1673, Mr. John Lindsay sent the articles 
according to order, and the bill was paid 28th June follow* 
hig:— 

2 GiH Candlesticks, weight, 258 oz. 5 dwt., at D«. per oz. • lid 19 fl 
1 Gilt Chalice, weight, 41 oz. 15 dwt. 12 gr., at d«. per oz. . 18 6 
1 Gilt Bason, 105 oz. 17 dwt., at 8«. 6J. per oz. • 
\ Gilt Paten, 32oz. 19dwt. 12 gr., at 8t. Ctf. per oz. 
1 Gilt Flagon, 64 oz. 19 dwt at Ss. 6d. per oz. . 



The Engraving of Gilt Plate 
For Cases of the said Gilt Plate 



44 19 

Id 16 3 

27 12 

14 

8 



£227 7 4 



192 TABLES OF gUCCESSION OF INCVHBENTg. 

Perhaps be never saw it unpacked. Towards the end of 
August^ 1673^ he left London : he must have suffered 
much on the journey from his disorder the stone. He 
begins his will on the 7th October, professing that he was 
'' weak in body ;" and had ceased to live ten days later. 

Chaplains and Incumbents. 

1 . Thomas Bisdan alias Blewett, S>. J. The first time I meet 
with him in these parts is in the year 1701, and again in 1710. 
He occurs in the will of Dame Gratiana Carew, relict of Sir 
Henry Carew, Baronet, made 24th May, 1728-9, and proved 
8rd December, 1730, thus : — 

" I give unto Mr. Thomas Risdon, of Ugbroke, the charge 
and care of all such things as shall be in the upper closet of 
Bickleigh, if he be living at the time of my decease, other- 
ways to such parsone who shall have the care of my soul at 
the time of my departure hence, to fitt itt for its eternal 
abode.'' Lady Ann Clifford {olim Preston) in her will, dated 
Ugbrooke, 13th September, 1733, bequeaths '' to Mr. Bisdon, 
who lives with me, twenty pounds.'' Her ladyship died 
5th July following. Soon after the reverend gentleman 
retired to Watten, where he died 12th February, 1744, at, 
eighty-two. 

2. Dominic Derbyshire, 0,S.D,, succeeded in February, 
1735. He was called away twelve years later to fill the 
office of sixteenth prior of Bomhem; but as soon as the 
triennial term of government expired, he returned to Ugbrooke, 
where he ended his days, as I found written in the Prayer- 
book of one who knew him, on Friday, 7th January, 1757, 
and was buried in the cemetery behind the chapel. The 
Bomhem Bolls testify that, at the time of his death, he was 
sixty-eight years of age, professed forty-six, and priest forty- 
four. But I never could learn who was his substitute during 
his absence at Bornhem Convent of the Holy Cross. 

3. James Price, O.S.B,, who had been superior of St. 
Edmund's at Paris, reached Ugbrooke about Michaelmas, 
1757, in a confirmed dropsy, and died three months' later. 
His remains lie in the chancel of Chudleigh Church, where 
he was buried, according to the parish register, 4th January, 
1758. 

4. Frost, James, O.S.F. (in religion, Peter). This amiable 

Eriest resided at Ugbrooke from 1758 until June 1766, when 
e was ordered by his superiors to take charge of their school 
at Edgbaston, near Birmingham. In July, 1770, he was 
elected guardian of St. Bonaventure's Convent at Douay, 



TABLES OF SUCCESSION OF INCUMBENTS* 193 

and proyineial of his brethren, 30th August, 1782. He had 
hardly completed his triennial period of government, when 
he died at Wootton, 3rd October, 1 786, aet. fifty-four. 

5. JVilliam Strickland, S.J., after some time was appointed 
to supply at Ugbrooke until the Rev. Joseph Beeve could 
arrive from the Continent. See the second part. 

6. Joseph Reeve, S.J., a man of extraordinary merit, who 
arrived at Ugbrooke on 5th August, 1767, and there ended 
his days 2nd May, 1820, aged eighty-seven. I shall dwell 
on his merits at length in the second part. 

7. Felix Vauguelin. This learned friend, who had, from 
the first French Revolution, enjoyed an asylum at Ugbrooke, 
undertook the charge of the congregation when Mr. Reeve's 
sight began to fail him, and returned to his native city, 
Rouen, in September, 1816. Its archbishop, acquainted 
with his distinguished merits, soon appointed him a grand 
vicaire. There he died, universally respected and esteemed, 
7th February, 1840, aet. eighty- three. 

8. James Laurenson, S.J., succeeded 27th September, 1816, 
and continued his zealous services until 10th January, 1831, 
when he was transferred to Lincoln. 

9. James Broumbill, SJ. — This worthy succcessor to P, 
Laurenson had arrived on Saturday, 27th November, 1830. 
To his great comfort and joy, he removed from Ugbrooke 
House to Ashwell within the Park, on Wednesday, 26th 
June, 1832 ; but to the deep regret of his congregation and 
numerous friends of all denominations of religion, he was 
forced to retire on 27th September, 1835. See the Appendix, 
No. VIII. ; and also Part II. 

10. William Cotham, SJ. — He had been ordained priest 
at Stonyhurst in the Ember week of Advent, 1834, and 
reached Ugbrooke 24th September following, to succeed F. 
Brownbill. After ten years of indefatigable labour, obedience 
calling him away to the arduous mission of Wigan, he bade 
adieu to Ugbrooke on 4th November, 1845. 

11. Charles Lomax, SJ., arrived at Ugbrooke on 16th 
October, 1845, where, I trust, he has found a resting-place. 
In page 29 I have briefly alluded to his zeal for souls. 

12. Henry Brigham, SJ., succeeded 28th February, 1856. 

15. Wardour Mission. 

1. William Smith, S^./.— Obiit 13th September, 1658, aet. 
sixty-four. 

2. Ric/iard Mason, O.S.F. — See second part. 

3. John Weldon, S.J, — See second part. 

o 



194 TABLES OF SUCCESSION OP INCUMBENTS. 

4. TThomas FairfaXy alias Beckett, S.J. — Ob. 2nd March, 
1716, «t. sixty. 

6. Richard Holland, SJ.—Ke left in July, 1734. 

6. Hubert Hacon, S. J., succeeded ; but must have resigned 
the charge of the congregation some time before his death, 
which occurred at Wardour 9th May, 1751, set. seventy- 
three. 

*7. Michael Poole, 8.J., was pastor for some years. Obiit 
in Angli& 23rd April, 1748, set. sixty-one, soc. forty-one. 

8. Robert Constable, S,J., served the family and mission 
from 1746 to 1759. 

9. John Jenison, 8J., from 1759 to 1774. 

10. Augustine Jenison, 8 J,, who after three years and a few 
months, in October, 1774, abandoned all ! 

11. Charles Forrester, vere Fleuri, arrived at Wardour 10th 
February, 1775. This reverend gentleman, accompanying 
the eighth Lord Arundell and family during a residence of 
two years on the Continent, — 

12. Joseph Clossette, 8.J,, was sent at Michaelmas, 1781, 
to supply ; but melancholy to relate, on 23rd October of that 
year he was thrown from his horse at Ludwell, near Wardour, 
and killed on the spot, in his thirtieth year. 

13. Edward Wheble, who had lived as private chaplain in 
the family, now undertook the charge of the congregation 
until F. Forrester could resume his post. This eloquent man, 
dying at Wardour 29th January, 1788, at. sixty-three, was 
buri^ at the entrance of the chapel. 

14. Edward Nichell, 8.J., on F. Forrester's resigning the 
incumbency for the post of domestic chaplain. After dis- 
charging his pastoral office, with an affectionate zeal that 
must ever endear his memory to the Wardour congregation, 
during fourteen years, he left for Trinidad, where, on 4th 
November, 1806, he fell a victim of charity in attending the 
poor negroes, aet. fifty-four. 

15. Jean Baptiste Martst succeeded F. Nichell, and for 
sixteen years discharged the duties of a good shepherd. On 
his retirement to Canford, 1817, — 

16. F. Joseph Postlewhite served Wardour from March, 
1817, until October, 1820. 

17. F. Richard Parker, 8J., from 6th October, 1820, until 
March, 1832. 

* I am at fault where to place F. Edward Withie, S.J. ; but after 
serving at Wardour he died at Liege 22nd November, 1769, eet. eighty. 
According to the Provinciars book, he was succeeded at Wardour by 
F.Joseph Wright, who died in England 14th March, 1700, tet. sixty- 
one. 



TABLES OF SUCCESSION OF INCUMBENTS. 195 

18. F, James Carr, SJ., supplied firom Marcli until 20th 
June, 1832. He was born at Preston 4th June, 1795 ; was 
educated at Stonyhurst ; succeeded P. Brice Bridge at Nor- 
wich, in August, 1822; transferred to Worcester, vice P. 
Richard Norris, in 1826 ; quitted the Society in the summer 
of 1827 ; re-admitted in December, 1829 ; but withdrew 
again after his departure from Wardour at the end of three 
months. He is still living. 

19. F. Jamea Laurenson, S.J. — Of this very old and dear 
friend, I shall have to treat at large in the second part. 
The late Everard Lord Arundell had witnessed at Ugbrooke, 
during his long ministry, his undeviating example of pro- 
priety and enlightened zeal, and earnestly petitioned his 
superiors that Wardour might be privileged with obtaining 
such a pastor. His request was granted, and P. Laurenson 
arrived at Wardour on the 23rd June, 1832, in the place of 
P. Carr. I can hardly trust myself to speak of his merito- 
rious services to the family, and to the increasing congrega- 
tion. By his active industry, he succeeded in creating the 
spacious and most convenient Catholic cemetery, which was 
first opened with imposing solemnity on the occasion of the 
first interment of an infant (Elias Peter Burton) on 1st January, 
1836. Owing to the rapid progress of the cause of religion 
in this extensive mission, he was at length allowed an assist- 
ant, first, in P. Henry Mahon ; second, P. Walter Clifibrd ; 
third, P. WiUiam Lomax, who arrived 14th October, 1843; 
fourth, P. William Waterton (of all whom I shall report 
in the biographical part) ; and fifth, of P. James Clough, 
who arrived in July, 1848, and died 3rd November fol- 
lowing, set. forty-five. But from Ist November, 1848, until 
2nd September, 1853, he was left to perform double duty ; 
and then abruptly transferred to Worcester, where he is 
now pursuing his apostolic labours, aet. seventy-four. 

20. F. John Grimstone, SJ., arrived 30th June, 1858. 
He was allowed an assistant, first, in P. Edward Hood, for 
about a year and a half; second, in P. Gteorge Lambert ; 
and since 20th October, 1855, in P. Henry Walmesley, of 
whom more in Part II. 

21. F. Ralph Cooper, S.J., formerly at Worcester, is the 
present incumbent at Wardour, in consequence of P. Grim- 
stone being obliged to retire by reason of bad health. 

It may not be amiss to observe, that a small community 
of Carthusians from Gallion, near Bouen, emigrated into 
this country at the Prench Revolution, and that through the 
generosity of the Arundell family, they found an asylum at 
Coomb, near Shaftesbury. They were eight in number; 

o 2 



196 TABLES OP SUCCESSION OP INCUMBENTS. 

their prior died there, and was buried at Donhcad, St. Maiy, 
with the following inscription : — 

D. O. M. 

Dom. Anthehn. GuUlemet, 

A Carthusian Monk, 

Of the Convent of Bourhon, in Normandy. 

Banished from his native country for his religion. 

Died at Coomb April 21 st, 1798, 

In Uie 84th of his age, ana 55th of his profession. 

May he rest in peace. 

Amen. 

" He died in a good old age, full of days." 

Gen. XXV. 8. 

In the ''Catholic Magazine'* of January, 1835, is an 
interesting report of a visit to the Grande Chartreuse, made 
in October, 1833. Pfere Antoine Latarre, set. eighty-four, who 
had been afforded shelter and protection at Coomb, was then 
living, and retained the warmest sense of gratitude towards 
the Arundell family. He made numberless inquiries con- 
cerning its surviving members, and declared that he never 
passed a day without earnestly recommending these his 
ancient benefactors to Almighty God. 



APPENDIX. 



No. L 
MefercMe to page 8. 

Ik page 8 1 have stated that the Petre family had derived their 
origin, and had acquired considerable property, in the diocese of 
Exeter. Though they ceased, for the most part, to reside on it, 
it may be desirable to give a brief synopsis ol the family. 

The founder of this family was William, son of John Fetre, 
by his wife Alice Colin. At Tor Newton, a very small estate in 
Tor Brian parish, Devon, he first saw the light of day. In 
process of time, he ^ot admission into Exeter College, Oxford, 
and was early introduced at court, where we meet him as a 
protegS of that unprincij)led minister Thomas Cromwell, on 24th 
November, 1535. By his obsequious acquiescence to four suc- 
cessive sovereigns, — viz. Henrv VIII., Edward VI., Mary, and 
Queen Elizabeth, — he succeeded in retaining their confidence, 
and largely sharing in their bounty. The estate that he acquired 
by crown grants was truly immense; in Devonshire alone the 
property amounted to 86,000 acres, and, which is singular, he 
obtained of Pope Paul IV. a confirmation of this strangely- 
acquired property. The Bull, dated 28th November, 1556, may 
be seen in vol. vi. of the Monasticon Anglicanum, p. 1645. It 
must, however, be said in his commendation, that he was a 
generous benefactor to Exeter CoUege, Oxford, and that he 
handsomely endowed an almshouse for twenty poor persons at 
Ingatestone, Essex. He died on 13th January, 1572, and was 
buried in the parish church of Ingatestone. 

A younger brother of his, Bichard, was installed precentor of 
Exeter Cathedral, 28th December, 1557, and was certainly 
averse to Queen Elizabeth^s change of the national religion 
(see Alley's Eegister, p. 62) ; but still retained his office until 
December, 1571 (see Bradbridge's Eegister, fol. 67), when Ye 
resigned it during his knightly brother's last illness. I can 
discover nothing in the Acts of our bishops of Exeter to warrant 
Dodd's assertion (Church History, vol. li. p. 127), that he was 
deprived for opposing the Beformation in the beginning of Queen 
Elizabeth's reign. 

Sir "William Petre left an only son, John, whom King James I., 
on 21st July, 1603, created Lord Petre, baron of Writtle, in 



198 APPENDIX. 

CO. Essex. He married Mary, eldest daughter of Sir Edward 
Waldegrave, who had died a confessor of the Catholic faith in the 
Tower of London, Ist September, 1561. There is cause for 
believing that he made conscience too subservient to his political 
interests. Dying, 11th October, 1613, he was buried near his 
father. Exeter College honoured his memory by a thin 4to. 
of Epicedia, entitled, "Threni Exoniensium in obitum illus- 
trissimi Viri D. Johannis Petrei, Baronis de Writtle, Filii 
D. Gul. Petrei." Oxon, 1613, pp. 48. These poems are in 
Hebrew, Greek, Latin, and other languages. It should be 
remembered that Dorothy, his lordship's sister, and wife of 
Sir Nicholas Wadham, so heartily concurred with her husband, 
whom she long suryived, in the foundation of Wadham College, 
Oxford, as to be called '< foundresse," in her monument at 
Ilminster. Ob. 16th May, 1618, set. eighty-four. 

2. William, the eldest son of the first Lord Petre, succeeded to 
the title and estates. He married Catherine, second daughter 
of Edward Somerset, earl of Worcester. Her ladyship died on 
81st October, 1625. Her noble Lord had much annoyance and 
persecution to endure for his attachment to the old religion. 
Dr. George Abbot, the puritanical archbishop of Canterbury, 
summoned him before the Ecclesiastical Court in consequence. 
His name was struck out from the list of ma^trates. He seema 
to have taken a delight in forming a collection of armoury ; but 
it was seized by the Government, which still was mean enough to 
saddle him with the cost of keeping it in proper order. At 
Thomdon he died piously on 5th May, 1627 ; and his last words, 
says E. Henry More (Hist. Prov, Angl. S.J., p. 467), were, 
" I am now gomg where I shall never offend Q^od any more." 

3. JRobert Lord FetrSy was the eldest son of the last-mentioned 
peer. Seven years before his accession to the title, he had con- 
tracted marriage with Mary, daughter of Anthony, Lord Viscount 
Montague; and it is worthy of remark that their three sons, 
William, John, and Thomas, were successively Barons Petre. 

In the Diary of Walter Yonge, Esq., from 1604 to 1628, 
printed for the Camden Society in 1848, I read, in page 108 : 
" July 2l8t, 1627, — About two months since, the Lord Petre's 
two sons were taken, going to the University in Spain; and 
were this week, together with the Lord Harbert*s son, committed 
to the custody of the bishop of London" (George Montague). 
According to one account, the noble lord died 23rd October, 
1637 ; but probably on 23rd October, 1638. That he proved a 
distinguished benefactor to the English Jesuits, is evident from 
the following letter of the provincial, E. Eichard Blount, dated 
London, 27th August, 1682, to the sixth general of their Society, 
Mutius Vitelleschi : — 

" Admodum Eevde. in Christo Pater Noster — ^Pax Christi. 

" lllustrissimus Dominus Baro Ccphalini (sic enim vocari cupit 
Hospes Henrici More), Baro Petri, zelo fidei ac religiouis 



APPENDIX. 199 

Catholicffi propagaudffi accensus, cum liberia suts omnibus jam 
provident, excepto natu maxim o, pietatis in patriam suam monu- 
mentum quoque aliquod relinquere post se optat. Collegium 
itaque Societatis nostrss fundare in animo habet, cui dotando 
prster redditum annuum perpetuum quasi mille scutorum, 
summam capitalem sexdecim millium scutorum in parat& pecuni4 
seposuit, quffi si ad nummum duntaxat decimum quintum expo- 
natur, ad alendos viginti quinque personas omnino sufficiet. 
Quod si DivinsB Bonitati yitam ipsi ad aliquot annos proro^are 
visum fuerit, paratis qusB filio natu minimo sufficiant, dotem etiam 
collegii aucturum se sperat. Dignabitur Fatemitas Yestra banc 
optimi sane viri, et Societatis nostrs studiosissimi, piam volun- 
tatem p;ratam habere, et collegium sic dotandum aa majus Dei 
obsequium et animarum auxilium admittere, quod ipse Chelma- 
fordii (hoc priecipuum illius comitatus est oppidum et nostris 
ministeriis percommodum) sub nuncupatione Sanctorum Aposto- 
lorum collocandum censet. Quod eo etiam nomine Hbentiua 
concessura l^pero Patemitatem Yestram, quia idem illustrissimus 
Dominus ab obitu parentis per complures jam annos insignia 
benefactor extitit, donatis Societati in singulos annos mDle scutis, 
quam eleemosynam bodieque dat, et ad obitum usque daturus est. 

"Et quidem est Oxonii Collegium quod ab ejus majoribus 
fundatum, ob conditiones in ejus traditione pactas, sed jam mani- 
feate ruptas, secundum jura ad ipsum devolutum censetur ; cujus 
possessionem baud dubio jam adiisset, si per temporum iniqui* 
tatem jus suum prosequi licuisset. Itaque, lite pendente, sed 
non adjudicate. Collegium illud (Exoniense) si quando a posteris 
recuperabitur, Societati nostrte per codicillum donandum ordi- 
nabit; qu» sane res eximiam ejus in nos benoTolentiam satis 
ostendit. Ceterum ubi perlatum fuerit responsum Fatemitatis 
Yestne, si collegium admittendum videbitur, pecunia supradicta 
cum redditu annuo mibi statim legitime consignabitur. Simul 
vero, si placet F.Y., mittatur diploma, quo hujusmodi collegium 
a se rite admissum testetur; cujusmodi diploma missurum etiam 
se proraisit D. Carolo Shirebundo, quod tamen bactenus non 
suscepi. Quod reliquum est, Sanctis me F.Y. sacrificiis et 
orationibus humillime commendo. Londini, 27 Augusti, 1632. 

" Adm. E.F.Y. indignus in Cbristo filius et servus, 

"BlOABDUS BlONDUS." 

The regular diploma duly reached his lordship, which he 
acknowledged to tne said General Yitelleschi by letter, dated 
London, 3rd April, 1635. 

4. WiUiam, the eldest son of Lord Bobert, succeeded to the 
peerage, and had to encounter most difficult times in consequence 
of his loyal and religious principles. When a regiment refused to 
march until it received its arrears of pay, amounting to £3,000, 
the Puritanical Farliament (Journals, vi. 519) ordered the sum to 
be raised by the sale of his lordship's woods in Essex. In the 
State-Paper Office is a " certificate, according to order, of 9th 



200 APPENDIX. 

May, 1650, upon petition of Edward Beaton and Edward White, 
gentlemen, trustees for the younger children of the late Bobert 
Lord Petre, desirins allowance of a deed for raising portions, &c." 

" That the said Bobert Lord Petre had been seized of the 
manor of S. Brent, Devon, of the value of ^411. 15^. Id., and of 
about £300 old rents. 

" Of the manor of Patworth, co. Somerset, £14. 18«. 9d. 

" Of the manor of Writtle, in Essex, and other lands in the 
same county, £1,034. 11«. 4J. value, did by deed, dated 11th 
October, 1688, bargain and sell to petitioners for a term of thirty 
years the abovesaid manors and lands under the yearly rent of 
£100 per annum, to the heirs of the same Lord Petre, upon trust 
to raise £35,000 for the advancement of Mary, John, Francis, 
Thomas, Dorothy, and Anthony, his children, in shares following : 
to Mary six, John ten, Francis five, Thomas five, Dorothy four, 
and Anthony five, to be paid at their attaining the a^ of twenty- 
one. Proviso for avoiding payment of the portions of such 
as should prove dissolute and ungovemed either in course of life, 
or in marriage without the consent of parents. That the portion 
of Mary had been paid on her marriage with Edward Stourton, 
Esq.; that Francis and Anthony had died before the age of 
twenty-one ; that trustees had received further in this charge of 
their trust £5,930. 10s, ; and petitioners were in possession, by 
virtue of the order of commissioners for sequestration, dated 
7th April, 1647, until hindered by the new commissioners in the 
several counties." 

Particulars of the estates in Devon. 

The manor of South Brent £142 

— Churchstowe 64 11 11 

— Kingsbridge 18 12 7 

— Shute 65 2 4 

— Southleigh 16 6 8 

— Northleigh 11 15 7 

— Werrington 5 16 

— Hitway 2 14 2 

— Uphay 9 8 4 

— Ilumfraville 10 9 

— Axminster 61 6 8 

— Dowleshays 8 6 4 

— HaccombeFee 4 18 2 

— Challenger 5 17 

— Combpyne 17 6 6 

— Dounehumfraville 16 12 6 

— Lands called Sparkhays 2 13 4 

— Littlecombe 4 10 6 

— Laggesmore, alias Buxmore 2 6 3 

— Dcane and Brannomb 2 4 

Carried forward 461 11 1 



APPENDIX. 201 

Brouffht forward £461 11 1 

The Manor of Borcomoe 4 13 4 

— Hunthajes 2 11 

— EastMembury 2 10 

— Kellene 1 13 10 

— Sidford, Sidburj, and Hartcombe . 2 10 4 

Total of rents £474 19 8 

Though King Charles II. did not possess a more loyal subject, 
yet during the national delirium excited by Oates's plot, — ".which 
plot his Majesty was satisfied was all a fiction, never believing 
one tittle of it'* (Life of James II. vol. i.), — this illustrious 
peer, on 29th November, 1678, was consigned to the Tower, and 
was sufiered to remain there and die a prisoner without trial on 
3rd January, 1683. Just before his death he addressed the 
following letter to his ungrateful sovereign. I may pre- 
mise, however, that this excellent nobleman had been committed 
to jail by the usurper Cromwell (for his loyalty had made him 
suspected) on 30th June, 1655. On 8th August he solicited 
Secretary Thurloe's interest with the Protector, " that in regard 
of certam great business, which lies gasping by reason of my 
restraint, he would be pleased either to grant me a full liberty, 
or fredom upon my own engagement, to follow my said occa- 
sions." The usurper, I believe, was more lenient than his 
legitimate sovereign : — 

" May it please TotrB Majesty, — I give myself the hopes 
that your Majesty will pardon this presumption of a dying but 
dutiful subject, in giving vou the trouble of this short account 
and declaration of myself, by which, in the first place, I oflTer to 
God my hearty prayers for your Maiesty's long life and happy 
reign, with all the blessings of this life, and eternal happiness in 
the next. 

" I having been now above five years in prison, and what is 
more grievous to me, lain so long under a false and injurious 
caliminy of a horrid plot and design against your Majesty's 
person and Government, and am now, by the disposition of God's 
providence, called into another world before I could, by a public 
trial make my innocence appear, I conceived it necessary for me, 
as an incumbent duty I owe to truth and my own innocence, to 
make this ensuing protestation to your Majesty and the whole 
world. 

"That whereas one Titus Gates hath maliciously and falsely 
sworn, that he saw me receive a commission directed to me from 
Joannes Faulus de Gliva constituting me lieutenant-general of 
an army which he pretended was to come to England, I declare 
in the presence of the all-seeing God, before whose just tribunal 
I am shortly to appear, that I never saw any such commission 
directed to me, or any other person whatsoever, and do firmly 
believe there never was any such. But of the folly as well as the 



202 APPENDIX. 

falsehood of the mformation, the sober part of mankind, aa I 
conceive, sufficiently ere this are convincea. 

** And as for those aspersions which the ignorant and malicious 
have thrown upon the Koman Catholic Church (of which I am, 
and bj the grace of God do die a member), as if murdering of 
kings and taking up arms against our sovereigns was an authorized 
principle of that religion, I do knowiuelj affirm, there is nothing 
with more horror detested by the Catholic Church, as being ex- 
pressly contrary to the command of our Saviour and to Christian 
doctrine ; and, as such, I renounce and detest it, aa I do all plots 
and coDspiracies aeainst your sacred person. 

** Having thus briefly, and with all sinceriir of a dying man, 
discharged my conscience, I shall end where 1 began, and with 
my last breath bejg of Qod to defend your Majest]^ from all your 
enemies, and to forgive those who by their perjuries have endea- 
voured to make me appear to be one, who, living and dying, am 
as in duty bound, &c. 

^* Your most obedient and loyal subject, 

" W. Petbe." 

Thus died this much-injured nobleman, leaving a bright example 
of innocence and charity, as well as of inviolable loyalty. His 
brother «/bAn, jfifth Lord Fetre, succeeded, but survived his la- 
mented predecessor but one twelvemonth. 

6. Thomas, the third brother, was the next peer. King 
James II. highly esteemed and favoured him, as well on account 
of his own ments, as for the distinguished virtues of his perse- 
cuted brother, the Lord William. At the Bevolution he was 
consequently subjected to much vexation ; but he lived to a good 
old age, dying 4th June, 1707. By his lady, Mary, daughter of 
Sir Thomas Clifton, Bart., he left an only son to inherit his 
honours, viz., 

7. Robert. — This is the "adventurous baron " in Pope's "Bape 
of the Lock." The young nobleman, shortly after marrying that 
great heiress Miss Catherine Walmesley,* of DunKenhalgh, 
Lancashire, was rapidly carried off by small-pox. His will was 
timely made on 21st March, 1713. His posthumous son, 

8. Robert James, now became the eighth Lord Petre. The 
family chaplain, the Eev. Bobert Manning, a consummate theo- 
logian, paid extraordinary attention to the cultivation of his mind 
and unaerstanding. Prom Nichol's Illustrations, vol. i. p. 327, it 
appears that his lordship was an eminent florist, and fellow of the 
Boyal and Antiquarian Societies. On 25th April, 1732, he married 
at St. Paul's, London, the Lady Mary, daughter of James Earl of 
Derwentwater. He died 2nd July, 1742, and was succeeded by 
his only son, 

9. Robert Edward, — His family must be ever indebted to him 
for building his princely mansion of Thomdon. That he possessed 

* She afterwards married Charles, 14th Lord Stourton, and surviving him 
fifty -two years, died 31 January, 1785» let. eighty -eight. 



APPENDIX. 203 

many estimable qualitieB, was a munificent encouniger of men of 
letters, and very charitable, is undeniable ; but unfortunately he 
became a tool in the hands of some designing members of the 
Cisalpine Committee, and was betrayed in consequence into in- 
discretions. His letter to Dr. Horsley, Bishop of St. David's, 
dated 17th February, 1789, would better have remained unpub« 
lished. But before his death, the noble lord expressed his deep 
sorrow for every act and writing inconsistent with his faith and 
religious dut^ mto which he had fallen in the management of 
Catholic affiurs ; and he caused all the papers of that nature in 
his possession to be burnt in his presence. See Dr. Milner's 
Supplementary Memoirs, p. 833. Ob. 2nd July, 1801, let. sixty. 
He was succeeded by his eldest son, 

10. Boheri Sdtoard, who enjoyed his honours but a short time, 
dying 29th March, 1809, aet. forty-six. 

11. William Francis Hen/ry, — This nobleman parted with the 
remainder of the family property in Devon. Ob. Srd July, 1850, 
aged fifty-seven. 

12. William Henry Francis, his eldest son, and now twelfth 
Lord Petre, married on 26th September, 1843, Maria Theresa, 
eldest daughter of Hon. Charles Thomas Clifford. , 

*' Stet fortana Domoa et avi numerentur avorttm." 



No. II. 
Beferaiile to pages 2 and 9. 

Ex vitd D. Erancisci Tregian, Authore Francisco Plunketto, 
Nepote ejus Fatemo, Ulissipone impress^. Anno 1655 in 12°. 

'* Aulam Elizabethse adit (ingruente persecutione) ut Catholicis 
opem aliquam ferret, duct& jam in conjugem Marid, Baronis Stur- 
tonisB filia. Begina per pedisseouam ilium invitat ad cubiculum 
intempest^ nocte ; recusantem adit, lectoque assidens ad impudica 
provocat, recusantem increpat. Castitatis busb curam gerens, ex 
Aula se proripuit insalutata Beginft ; quae idcirco furit et in car- 
cerem detrudi jubet. Factum id 8 Junii, 1577." 

*'16 Septembris, ad tribunal ductus est Cuthbert Manus, 
sacerdos ejus, cum quindecim famulis ; hi perpetuo carceri manci- 
pati; sacerdos condemnatus, et postea more proditorum suspensus." 

Page 13. — " Franciscus perpetuo carceri damnatus ; bona omnia 
fisco adjudicata." 

Page 17. — " Triennio et amplius crudelissime tractatur in carcere 
Londinensi, ad quern pro magno favore translatus fuerat ex alio, 
ubi tribus mensibus non minus inhumaniter habitus fuerat." 

Page 82. — ''Yiginti septem annos in vinculis transegit; turn 
liber fugit Madritum, ubi a Philippe 1X1° humanissime tractatum, 
sexaginta aureis illi in menses singulos assignatis. Yaletudinis 
caasl Olissiponem migravit, ubi saficte obiit 25 Septembris, 
1608; 17 post annos corpus repertum incorruptum, et pliurima 



204 APPENDIX. 

per reliquias patrata miracula, qase recensentur ab ordinario 
approbata." 

N.B. The style of the work is obscure and uDclassical. In the 
Epistle to the Header he relates the miserable deaths of the per- 
secutors of Sir Francis Tregian. 

Cornelius a Lapide, in his Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to 
the Hebrews (chap, x.), says : — " Ferunt D. Franciscum Tregianum 
cum sententia de amissione bononim et perpetuis carceribus 
ferenda esset, bysso candid4 vestitum comparuisse, et post latam 
sententiam dixisse : Pereant bona, quae si non periissent, fortassis 
Dominum perdidissent.** 

In the " Catholic Miscellany '' of June, 1823, I inserted an 
unpublished letter, written ^m Lisbon by F. Ignatius Stafford, 
S. J., to Francis Forcer, of the same society, at Madrid, bearing 
date 26th April, 1626. Dodd, in his Church Hist. vol. ii. p. 171, 
had lost sigat of this great confessor after his visit to Douay 
College in July, 1606. 

" Eetbbsnd Fatheb, — I will rehearse unto you the sequent 
case which happened yesterday, the 25th of this present, by 
reason of a certain grave was then opened, wherein an English 
knight had been formerly buried, as in the book of the Prefect of 
the Church is found briefly set down as follows : — 

" ' Nesta cava esta enterrado Don Francisco Tregian, Cavallero 
Ingles, qui estuve preso em Inglaterra por la sancta Fe 28 anos ; 
sendo Suo' principal de multoa vasallos conchez tomarem tota sua 
fazenda ; em flm aesterrado de Inglaterra neo para esta ciudad de 
Lisboa, com entretenimento que o Key che deo de 60 cruzadoa 
cada mes ; e sendo da idade de 60 anos ; e levado a nosto Sen' em 
Paraiso 25 de Setembro, 1608.'* 

** This is verbatim that which is found in the prefect's book, 
which some three weeks agone I read ; by chance finding the book 
open in the same place, and then understood what this gentleman 
was, and found in the house by fathers who knew him great tes*- 
timonies of his sanctity. His grave being yesterday opened, his 
body was found incorrupt [and entire, without corruption in any 
part, so much as in nose, ears, or stomach, or any other part most 
subject unto corruption ; yea, even his bowels were whole ; neither 

* Mr. Madden discoyered recently in this church of St. Rock the sepulchral 
stone and epitaph of this illustrious confessor of Catholic faith ; but I much 
regret his inattention to dates. He has recorded, however, the daily form of 
prayer of this victim of Elixabeth's remorseless vengeance, during his long 
captivity. 

** Dens Immortalis I Solamen peccatorum I abige k me procul omnem pusil- 
lanimitatis speciem, nee me obruat servilis metns. Amen." 

It reminds one of the prayer of that other victim, Mary Queen of Scots. 

*' O Domine Deus, confido in Te : 
O care mi Jesu, nunc libera me : 
In dura catenfi, in misrra poena, speravi in Te ; 
Languendo, gemendo, et genuflectendo, 
Adoro, imploro, ut liberes me." 



APPENDIX, 205 

did any evil savour or smell proceed from it. His hair is upon his 
head and beard ; his nails upon his hands and feet ; and, as I said, 
all whole and entire; his flesh soft, and being pressed down, 
riseth up again ; his arms, lingers, and legs, flexible. Finally, all 
that have resorted hither, physicians and others, judge the matter 
to be miraculous. Por it is seventeen years since he was buried ; 
and some five years ago there was buried in the same grave a young 
youth (though not laid so deep as this body), which is altogether 
consumed. Moreover, in this our church, we find by experience 
that all such persons as are buried therein are soon corrupted. 
Some have confessed they endeavoured to pull off his fingers and 
nails, but could not. Also another particular circumstance happened 
to be found, and was that all the Franciscan habit wherein he was 
buried was consumed, save only so much as was sufficient to cover 
his members about a span length and breadth, which was found 
entire. This is the present case briefly (hereafter we shall have more 
to write) which hath so sounded in this city, that although we do 
not show the body in public, until the matter be juridically ex- 
amined and allowea by the archbishop ; yet the concourse of people 
of all sorts both yesternight and this day is so extreme, that both 
the street, church, and courts are thronged in such sort, that 
we cannot resort to the gate to speak with such as come to visit 
and with business ; and whether we will or no, many, especially 
gentlemen and religious, enter. This is all for the present. Thus 
I rest this 26th of April, 1625, Lisbon. 

" VestrsB Beverenti® in Christo, 

"Ignatius STArroBD."* 

The reader may see prefixed to the Eev. Bichard Verstegan's 
" Bestitution of Decayed Intelligence," a complimentary sonnet 
to the author bv this F. Tregian. 

In the "Catholic Miscellany" of 1823, p. 193, may be seen a 
life of this honoured confessor ; but it has many strange mistakes. 



No. III. 

Beferahle to page 20. 

In the chancel of the parish church of Marldon, near Paignton, 
Devon, I copied from the gravestone the following epitaph : — 

" Sub hoc tumulo jacent Eduardus Caraeus, Auratorum Equitum 
insigne Decus, et uxor ejus Margeria, senile admodum Par, 
singulari Numinis favore tam in exitu, quam in decursu vitae, 
doDatum. Cum enim annos ultra quinquaginta conjugali federe 
traduxissent, octogenariam aniniam reddente Eduardo, corripitur 
et morbo baud invite Margeria ceditque mox consimili fato, 

* This reverend fAther died at Lisbon on 11th February, 1642, aged forty- 
three. F. Forcer sorrived until 5th March, 1655, at. seventy-two. 



206 APPENDIX. 

Buperesse Yiro nescia: sic uter^ue yixit, sic uterque moritur: 
difficile dixeris, * num vivos magis coluerit Patria an mortuos 
luxerit. Qaid plura? Hoc uno tantum infelices extitSre, quod 
infelicem Fatriam 8u4 morte reddidisse videantur. 

" Obiit uterque Ann. Dom. 1654 : ille 14 Junii, ADtatis sua 80 : 
ilia vero 19 ejusdem Junii, SDtatis su® 85.'* 

N.B. She was of the Blackhurst family in Lancashire. ^ 



No. IV. 

Beferdble to page 86. 

The following document I copied from the handwriting of 
John Arundell, and dated " Lanheme, the 8th day of November, 
1697," throws light on his family. The writer died in 1701. 

" My grandfather, or rather my grandmother who governed all 
his affairs, had so great an apprehension, or at least pretended to 
have, of my father's consuming all the estate after them, that they 
tied him up with such an entail, as that, if he had kept up to the 
strict letter of it, he would scarce have had a very bare subsist- 
ence out of it. As it was, what with my grandmother's funeral, 
whom he brought out of Wales into Cornwall, and cost him, as I 
have been informed, £800 — my education abroad, which came to 
a great deal — his repairing my mother's house. Long wood, in 
which, as his servant has told me, he laid out £600, and some 
other accidents, forced him to leave a considerable debt, somewhat 
above £3,000, which I have not onlv faithfully paid, but even his 
very legacies to the last farthing, although, by the known law of 
England, I was not liable to either. It lav always heavy upon me 
to consider how open to question many of those estates were, his 
necessities forced him to grant ; and resolved, whensoever I could 
find an expedient for it, to make them good, which by all the 
advice I could take, there was no other way, than when my son 
should come to be of age, to cut off the entail. It pleased &od 
that both my sons died before they came to be of age ; so I was 
forced to have recourse unto my brother, to join me in the docking 
of the entail, of which I had aa good advice as was to be had in 
England, and for the which I gave him one way or other, £4,000, 
and after certain conditions agreed to, the estate resettled upon 
him and his heirs male, which I did, as greatly apprehending the 
credit his wife had with him (who was able to persuade him to 
anything was in her power). There was in this new settlement, 
provision for my two daughters, and for his daughter; and aa 
much as was then due, has been accordingly paid, and what 
remains, secured. After this there is a proviso, that in case I 
outlived him, and he left no issue male, it should be in my power 
to dispose of the estate as I pleased, either by any writing under 
my hand and seal, or by my last will and testament. Now it 
hath pleased Almighty Gbd, that I have outlived my brother 



APPENDIX. 207 

(who left no he^r male) these manj years; wherefore, findiog 
myself absolutely free to dispose of my estate as I think best, I 
have given it to my daughter, Dame Frances Belling, for the 
reasons here following : — 1st, because my own child is nearer and 
dearer to me than any other relation, she being no less nearer in 
nature, or dearer to me than if she were a son, and I think it a 
barbarity not to prefer my own child before any relation. And 
tell me not of perpetuating a family ; it is a vanity and pride dis- 
pleasing to the Great Disposer of all things, to think to make 
that for ever durable, that he has determined shall be subject to 
the common mutability of all earthly things. Next, I have stipu- 
lated, that her children, who I hope will live to succeed her, shall 
take the name of Arundell, and so maintain it as long as it shall 
please Gk>d to permit, I have not (although my youngest daughter 
has left children) divided the estate, as it is too little to bear that. 
To one, it will give a fair subsistence : betwixt two, it will signify 
little : besides that, I have given a very considerable portion to 
my youngest daughter, £4,000 at present, and £4,000 more is 
secured to her husoand, after my decease. 

" Notwithstanding the many difficulties I have run through the 
whole course of my life, yet it has pleased Almighty God to 
preserve me to a great old ^e without want, and when I consider 
what I have ^one through, I cannot but with the highest sense of 
gratitude and thanks acknowledge the infinite bounty of Gtod to 
me. I came to my estate almost in the midst of the civil war. I 
have paid for my father's debts and legacies £8,300 and odd 
pounds. I underwent many years sequestration, I know not well 
now many myself. It cost me very near £3,000 to get off at last. 
I have married my two daughters and given them ^,000 apiece. 
I have paid to my brother's daughter £2,000, and secured to her 
husband £1,000 more after my decease. I have &[iven and paid 
£5,000 to my granddaughter Hales. I have bought an estate for 
my grandson Dick BeluDg, which cost me near £3,000, and I 
hope to leave him and his brother John, and his little sister, some 
further remembrance of my kindness, notwithstanding the infi- 
delity of a servant I too much trusted in my troubles, by whom I 
have suffered, one way or other, to well near the value ot £4,000. 

" JoHK Abukdbll." 



No. V. 

Beferable to page 106. 

In page 105 I have spoken of the sanguinary farce and 
tragedy of Oates's plot, but to show the system pursued by the 
English cabinet from Queen Elizabeth's reign I copy part of a 
letter written by Anthony "Windsor, who died in the year 1697. 
He was son of Sir Edmund Windsor, Knight, and great-grandson 
of Sir Anthony Windsor, Knight, brother of the Andrew W indsor 
who was created Baron of Stanwell, and summoned to Farlia^ 



208 APPENDIX. 

ment 3rd November, anno 21 Henry VIII. The learned and 
pioua Pacifieus Baker, O.S.F., wlio died 16th March, 1774, set. 80, 
copied it from the original. 

" SiE, — ^Being now in the 75th year of my age, and thinking it 

f roper to leave you some memoirs of the transactions of my time, 
shall in the first place set down as a key to all the rest, a 
remarkable passage that happened some time before the restora- 
tion of the lite King Charles II. In the time of Oliver's usurpa- 
tion the reputed delinquents and recusants were necessitated to 
endeavour to make their compositions as well as they could ; and 
for that purpose to attend upon the several committees, both at 
London and in the country, as their different circumstances 
required, and make what interest they could for the mitigation of 
the high impositions laid upon them. On this troublesome occa- 
sion Sir William Pershall, a gentleman of my acquaintance, who 
had been cotemporary student and fellow-reveller with the great 
Bradshaw at Gray's Inn, and by that means had contracted a 
great friendship with him, found himself obliged to apply to him 
for assistance. Many years had intervened since they had lived 
together ; but yet, upon Sir William's first address to Bradshaw, 
he assured him of the continuance of hU friendship, and that he 
would confirm it by any favours be would do him, or any friend 
of his. And I have heard Sir William affirm it to the gentlemen, 
his friends, at the club or meeting then held in Hen and Chickens 
Court, near St. Dunstan's Church in Fleet Street (where Sir 
William constantly resorted), that he had experienced his favour 
both to himself and others, and that he gave him freedom of 
access to him at any time since upon his occasions. And I 
remember he told us, that he had waited upon him once at his 
closet, in or near to the council chamber ; and being thus alone, 
Bradshaw, afler his free and familiar way, asked him, ' Sir 
William, what do you think I am doing p' 

" Sir William answered he could not guess, no otherwise than 
that he was busy about the affairs of his great employ. 

" * iSir,' said Bradshaw, * I am gtudyiftff politicks. They have 
made me president of their council ; and lam reading Mr. Secretary 
CeciVs instructions left them : and pray you, see how you Papists 
are to be dealt with. For this, I assure you, is the Secretary's own 
hand,^ giving him a loose sheet of paper, out of many others. Sir 
William read it carefully ; and, I remember, told us of the club, 
that the substance of it was — 

"That the ministry should by no means be ever induced to 
take off the penal laws ; but that when they perceived that by 
their connivance and forbearing to put them in execution, the 
Papists began to be too popular and agreeable both to their neigh- 
bours in the country and to their relations and friends at court, 
as bv their moral and charitable way of living they would not fail 
to do, and even to be thought to deserve the privileges and 
freedom of other subjects, and not the severity of persecution, 



APPSNDIX. 209 

merely for their oonBoience ; then to obviate and allay thia good 
opinion of their relations and neigbbourSy the ministry must be 
sure to fix mme odious duign upon them^ which would never fail 
to be believed by the generality of the common people, and then 
they might put the penal laws in execution to what degree they 
should thuiK necessarv against them; and people woidd think 
them kind and &vourable to let the Papists hve. But they must 
never permit or suffer themselves to be prevailed with, to take off 
the penal laws ; but reserve them as a bridle, to keep the Papists 
out of all public employ in their country, and to depress them, 
whenever they should think it necessary, or find them grow 
more nnmerouSy or in greater favour and esteem with their 
neighbours." 

This, sir, I remember very well was the substance of what Sir 
William told us he had read in that paper. And I ^ve you this 
account of it the rather, because as I heafd him speak it and attest 
it as a matter of fiust and a real truth, so I have often refiected 
upon it, finding our modem state ministers pursuing the said 
method exactly. Eor upon the restauration of King Cnarles II., 
when the poor Catholics, to a man almost able to bear arms, had 
either fought or suffered for his father, addressed his first Parliar 
ment, and petitioned, that in consideration of what they had done 
and suffered in his service, and of their having been so signally 
instrumental (as it had pleased GK>d to make them) in securing 
his then present Majesty^s person from falling into his enemies' 
hands, after the battle of Worcester, they might be favourably 
looked u^on and admitted into the rank and privileges of his 
other subjects, by removing those heavy penal laws so long kept 
hanginff over their heads, and debazring them from all the privi- 
leges of their birthright, and even enjoyed by those that had been 
in that long rebellion against his father and himself; it waa 
opposed by a great statesman and could not be obtained. A 
toleration and connivance, however, was thought fit to be per- 
mitted them, with a cessation from the execution of those penal 
laws during their pleasure. And this the Catholics very con* 
tentedl)r acquiesced unto, till about the middle of King Charles 
II.'8 reign, as being no ways ambitious of bearing any nublic 
offices. About that time the restless Presbyterian humour be^an 
again to work ; and it was urged in Parliament, that the exemption 
granted to the Papists was a greater benefit and advantage than 
the rest of the Dissenting subjects enjoyed, and therefore it waa 
thought fit that they ought at least to bear a double share of tiie 
taxes. But the king, li^g very well satisfied of the loyal prin- 
ciples and practices of his Catholic subjects, took off that pretence 
by setting forth his proclamation for a general toleration and 
indvdgence to all his subjects in the exercise of their religion, that 
should not by their preaching and practices disturb the peace of 
the kingdom. But this gave so great a disgust to some of our 
principiu ministers of state, that Prince Bu^rt and some of the 
sing's chief court favourites were employed to solicit and press 



910 APPBKDIX. 

hhn to reoal thai prodamalioii, and to au^geet to him that it 
would be resented by his Parliament at their next session — ^that 
they would give him no aids nor taxes till he had recalled it, and 
perhaps woiud vote him incapable of doing it without them. This 
movea the king, whose profuse expenses made him always wanting 
of money, to recal the proclamation ; and thereby he encoura^d 
our discontented cunning statesmen, and gave, them an occasion 
to forge and foment that execrable pretended Popish plot, which 
was set on foot soon after, to the destruction of divers honest, 
innocent gentlemen and others, and to the hazard of ruining the 
whole body of them throughout the nation. But that being 
blown over with time, and the Qovemment grown weary of 
sheddinc; so much innocent blood merely upon the oaths of a 
pack or perjured villains and gaol-birds (indemnified and pen- 
sioned for that end) as having found by all the strictest searches, 
imprisonments, secret usage, examinations, and executions, and 
oven by the dying speeches of those that suffered, they could not 
discover the least tendency to or footsteps of sucn a horrid 
design as the infamous Oates, his tutors and accomplices, had 
suggested and sworn a^^ainst the Catholicks (they ail at their 
deaths nrotesting their innocence, and the inconsistency of such 
damnable designs with their £uth and religion). However, the 
late memoz^r of it served our malicious Presbyterians to screen 
their own wicked and real plot to destroy the king and duke of 
York, and then (bad it not pleased Gk>d to prevent them in the 
very execution of it) to lay it upon the Catholics and spread the 
report of it through the whole nation, in order to their destruc- 
tion. This was confessed by some of the chief actors, who were 
condemned and executed, and by others who were convicted of 
that cursed design, and had their pardon. The king dying some 
few years after, &o. Here, the fiit aocompU of the revolution 
suggested caution to Anthony Windsor, the writer. 

** PericaloMe plenum opus alese 
Tractai ; et inoedii per ignes 
Svppoiitos cineri doloto." 



No. VI. 

Brferahle to page 189. 

I have seen a letter, of the Abbess Howse addressed to Thomas 
Weld, of Lullworth, Esq., detailing the wonderful cure wrought 
on a lay sister of her convent at Taunton, 29th August, 1809. 
Dr. Woodfbrdy who had attended the patient from March that 
year, and had given his decided opinion on the impossibility of a 
cure, on vritnessing this extraordinary event, " burst into tears, 
and declared he must acknowledge it was an evident miracle, and 
a wonderful interposition of divine F^vidQnce to show the efficacy 



APPENDIX. 211 

of fiuth and pnyer.** I subjoin a certificate of this supernatural 
event, in perpeiuam rei memariam. 

^Attestation and account of a miraculous cure of the arm of 
sister Mary Ann Wood, one of our community, in the year 1809. 

** On the 15th of March, 1809, she went to open a sash-window 
in the washhouse, to let out the steam, and in doing so ran her 
hand and arm through a pane of glasR, by which her arm was cut 
transversely to a great depth. The surgeon declared the muscles 
and nearly the whole of the tendons to be divided ; she suffered 
for above four months the most acute pain. Though the wound 
itself was (outwardly) healed in three weeks after the accident, 
the swelling continued much longer; but in proportion as it 
abated the mischief done became more apparent. The hand and 
arm remained entirely useless ; and the suigeon remarked it was 
a necessary and natural consequence of the mvision of the muscles 
and tendons. The ends of one of the tendons were visiblv two 
inches asunder ; gradually the arm seemed to contract, and with 
the hand appeared to wither. After various trials of skill, the 
surgeon declared it his opinion that she never could a^^ain have 
the entire use of her hand, though she might of the tore-finger 
and thumb ; but that all the H^ments or support of the two 
middle fingers were eone. Sister Mary Ann, with the approbation 
of the reverend mother abbess, determined to make a novena in 
honour of St. Winifred: she had no idea of asking for a miracle ; 
but confidently believed and hoped, that He who made her 
arm, would restore to her, through the intercession of the Saint, 
some small use of it. On the 6th of August she put a piece of 
moss from Holywell on her arm, and began her novena ; after this 
she suffered excruciating pain in it, so that she was tempted to 
take off the moss, till she reasoned with herself that it could not 
naturally occasion sudi pain. She continued particularly col- 
lected all that evening, and praying mentally without takins notice 
of her arm. To her great surprise, when she got up the next 
morning, she found it perfectlv cured ! Her joy and cratitude were 
unbounded, when, on repeated trials, she found her hand and arm 
really restored to their full strength. The surgeon at first de- 
dared the cure a miracle ; but human respects prevented him from 
publidy attesting it. 

^ The bishop of the district, the right Bev. Dr. CoUingridge, 
after havine consulted Dr. Carpenter, an eminent surgeon of 
London, and verified the acddent and cure throughout every cir- 
cumstance, gave it as his decided opinion that the cure was super- 
natural and an evident miracle. 

*' That the particulars mav be accurately and authenticallv re- 
corded, we the undersigned have drawn up this account,. and set 
our names to it as eye-witnesses of the facts herein contained." 

(Signed by the Abbess, Discretes, and Infirmarian.) 
^ This copy is taken from the Archives." 

p 2 



APPKNOIX« 

Bifihop Collingridge informed me that he BubBeqnenUy met 
Dr. Woodford in the Market-plaoe of Tannton, who affirmed to. 
him, in the presence of the Bev. Edward Weetman, that he had 
no doubt that the cure waa Bupematural and an evident miracle. 
I saw the arm in NoTember, 1810, and was quite satisfied on the 
point. 

This worthy laj sister survived until 16th January, 1847, and 
would have completed ninety years of age, had she lived a day 
longer. 

£i the sacrisiy of the convent church at Taunton is the fol- 
lowing tribute of gratitude to the memory of their great bene- 
factor, the late Thomas Weld, Esq. : — 

Yirgines 
Deo Sacne 

Saoerdotes quotquot hue sacra facturi Kal. Sextil. acoessistia 

5recamur qufesumus<], uti memoriam agatis viri clarissimi 
'homiB Weld, qui pridie Kalend. Seztiles, anno M.DCCG.X., festo 
S. Ignatii die, cum de more sacra de Altari reverenter libasset, 
morbo repentino correptus, postridie magno bonorum omnium 
luctui placido exitu e vita emigravit. Is a pueriti4 ad omnem 
pietatem excultus, divitiarum contemptor, egenorum alter ac 
Bolator, ju8titi4 et beneficenti4 omnibus charus. Nobis pnecipuo 
jure charissimus semper audiet, quod super c»tera beneficia, in 
immani ill4 totius Belgii vastitate anno M.DCC.LXXXXIY. cum 
Bru^nsi nostro CoBuobio essemus dilaj^ssD, tot casibus exhaustas, 
ommum egenas dome sociavit, ad reliqui temporis spem erexit, et 
ad sedem stabilem hie moliendam consilio atque opibus adjuvit. 
Ne tantsd pietatis memoria intercideret, hiec Litteris consignari 
placuit, cum m^orem Patrono bene merenti gratiam habetunuSi 
quam titulo scribi possit. 

E. I. P. 



The above inscription was from the pen of their friend, the 
Bev. Charles Plowden, S.J. 



The following anniversaries I copied from an old Prayer-book 
once belonging to a member of the Howard family : — 

Ja».— Henry Howard, duke of Norfolk 11 Jan. 1684 

William Lord Petre 6 do. 1688 

William Dormer 27 do. 

Lady Molineux 29 do. 

i%J.— Eobert Browne 27 Feb. 1673 

Prancis Hyldesley 26 do. 1682 

March — Francis, earl of Shrewsbury 16 March 

WilliamMoore 17 do. 1671 



AFFENDIX« 213f 

JtfiircA— The Lady Ann Shrewsburjr 22 March 

Anne, duchess of York 81 do. 1671 

4pr»Z— Charies, earl of Berkshire 14 April, 1679 

Lady Aim Worcester 9 do. 

Elizabeth Phillipson 27 do. 1681 

Ma^—Old Lady Moore died on 12 May, 1653 

Ann Moore 13 do. 

Sir Walter Blount 19 do. 1671 

P. Dormer..... 17 do. 

Edmund Ployden 24 do. 1673 

Charles Blount 29 do. 1685 

James Giflford 80 do. 

E. H 81 do. 

Jii#i«— Thomas Moore 2 June, 1688 

Lady Frances Yates 8 do. 

Margaret Phillipson 9 do. 1681 

Lady Marshall 13 do. 

My dearest, child Fra. Moore, died... 3 do. 1683 

Catherine Browne 25 do. 1688 ' 

July — Lady Alice Dormer 2 July,1650 

Charles Prothero 4 do. 

John Hide 15 do. 1676 

Henry Arlington 28 do. 

^.— T. Howard....; 3 Aug. 

Lord William Stourton 8 do. 1685 

David Lewis, at TJske 27 do. 

Sq)i. — Old Sir Francis Moore 2 Sept. 

Elizabeth Dormer 14 do. 

My Lady Camaby 21 do. 

My deare father, W. H 24 do. 

Oc^.— Henry Jemeean 6 Oct. 1680 

My own mother's anniversary 11 do. 

My brother, E. H 13 do. 

Bichard Dormer 17 do. 

Sir William Dormer 22 do. 

Eobert Dormer, at Peterly 28 do. 

Ifov. — Gteorge Phillipson 9 Nov. 

Anne Byron 11 do. 1652 

Mary Dormer 11 do. 1679 

Lord Bobert Dormer 18 do. 

Edmund Ployden 23 do. 1677 

In the handwriting of Henry, the 8th Lord Arundell (who died 
at Wardour, 4th December, 1808, set. 68), I found the following 
fiimily anniversaries : — 

Jan, 14. — ^Mamiret Lady Arundell. 

22.— Sir Matthew Arundell, Knt. 
Feb. 10.— Thomas Lord Arundell. 

24.— Eichard Arundell, of Lanheme, 1725. 



214 APPENDIX. 

FA. 26.— Sir Thomas ArandeU, Ent 

28.— Frances Lady aiffiird,*1752. 
March 10. — Mrs. Mary Arundel], my great aunt^ 1777. 

21. — Cecily Lady Arundell. 

22. — ^Mary Lady Arundell, mry mother, 1769. 

— . — Mrs. Mary Arundell, or Prinoess'-street. 

81.— Thomas Arundell, Esq., of Bath, 1784, SDt. 66. 
April 21. — ^Henry Lord Arundell. 
May 9. — Elizabeth Lady Arundell. 

19. — Thomas Lord ArundeU. 

22.— Elizabeth Eleanor Lady ArundelL 
June 28. — ^Ann Lady Arundell. 

80. — Henry Lord Arundell. 
July 21. — Mr. Thomas ArundeU, my brother, 1781. 

28. — Mar^;aret Lady Arundell. 
Aug. 12. — Mana Lady Arundell. 

25. — ^Ann Arundell, of Lanheme, my grandmother, 
in 1718. 
Sept, 12. — Henry Lord ArundeU, my &ther, 1756. 

29. — ^Ann Lady Arundell. 
Oct. 10. — Hon. Ann Arundell, mv great aunt, 1778. 

28. — Blanche Lady Arundell. 
Nov, 7. — ^Thomas Lord Arundell. 
Dec, 23. — Margaret Lady Arundell. 

27. — ^Henry Lord ArundelL 



No. VII. 

Brferahle to page 161. . 

Synopsis of the informations against St. Susan's monastery at 
LuUworth, in 1816, and of the correspondence with the English 
Goyernment in consequence. 

That false brother, James Power, mentioned in page 161, made 
an affidayit on 16th March, 1816, to the following effect before 
James Prampton, Esq., William Glavell, Esq., and Henry 
Seymour, Esq., magistrates of the county of Dorset. 

" That he was then twenty-four years of age ; that at the age 
of seventeen he had entered the monastery of La Trappe, in East 
LuUworth ; that he had been admitted to the religious profession, 
and had been ordained sub-deacon in London; that the general of his 
order, Dom Augustine de Lestrange, coming to England engaged 
deponent to accompany him to Martinique ; that deponent had 
laid his complaints against that superior before General Wale, 
goyernor of Martinique, to whom he refers for aU particulars ; 
that on returning to England he came back to LuUworth monas- 
tery in July, 1814, with the yiew of receiying deaoonship and 
priesthood; that about nine weeks ago he escaped from that 
convent, having in the course of the summer of 1815 made 



APPiiioix. 215^ 

aoquaintance with a neighbouring gentleman (Colonel Wood* 
forae), who provided him with clothes for makins such escape ; 
that he had since, from conviction of the errors of the Church of 
Borne, made a public recantation of that faith in Blandford 
church ; that, about three months ago, an Irishman from Carriek, 
called Gregory, having succeeded in escaping from the convent^ 
was brought back, was degraded, doselj confined, and barbie 
rouslj treated, and beaten; that Protestant children were 
received in the monastery, and educated in the Boman Catholio 
faith ; that, in returns of persons liable to serve in the militia, the 
lay brothers are described as clergy to evade the ballot. Depo* 
nent believes that Thomas Weld, Esq., is ignorant of the forcible 
detention of persons in the monastery, and of the other abuses 
therein." 

This affidavit was forwarded, on the said 18th of March, 1816, 
to Lord Sidmouth, Secretary of the Home Department. 

On 6th April, 1816, Mr. Becket, the Under-Secretary of that 
Department, requested of the magistrates further information 
respecting the monastery. Their answer, dated Dorchester, 
10th April, 1816, was signed by 

Jamxs Fbamptoit, ^ 
WiLLiAJH Pitt, Ct?^ii;i«« 

William Clavell, r-^^*™«i 

HSKBT SeTMOUB, & ) 

Bbt. William Ekglaitd, archdeacon of Dorset. 

It sets forth, that they know tu4 whether Gregory be still con- 
fined ; that ten members, they believe, had left the house since 
Power's deposition was taken ; that General Wale's letter to the 
bishop of Bristol confirms Power's statement of Lestrange's 
conduct ; that it is very true, much difficulty does exist in pro- 
curing the returns of the members liable to serve in the militia ; 
that a monk, called Dosith^e had, according to Power's informa- 
tion, been subjected to very cruel treatment; that, notwithstanding 
the return of peace, the monastery wore everv appearance of a 
permanent establishment ; and that they firmly believe it would 
give the greatest satisfaction if the Society could be dissolved. 

On 26th April Lord Sidmouth sent to the said Mr. Weld the 
deposition of Power, and the complaint of the magistrates, and 
observed that the monastery had undergone a complete chanse 
from its orifipoial institution, and was viewed now as a refuge tor 
fugitives ; that he hoped Mr. Weld would take such measures as 
would prevent the interference of Government. 

In replv, Mr. Weld thanked his lordship for his communica- 
tion, and lamented that the -magistrates had thought proper to 
conceal from him the charges against the establishment. He 
expressed his perfect conviction of the innocence of its members, 
and signified the anxious wish of the superior, Pere Antoine, t 



216 APPBNDIX. 

be allowed the opportimitj of justifyinff himself, and of being 
confironted with his accosen. Mr. Well concluded with jno- 
fessing his readiness to assist Gh>Teniment in making erery 
inquiry. 

On 2nd May Lord Sidmouth signified to Mr. Weld, that he 
should proceed to adopt such measures as might be necessary for 
bringing back the estaDlishment at Lullworth within its original 
limits, both with respect to the number and description of persona 
who were permitted to resort to it. How far it miffht be deemed 
adyisable to sanction the continuation of the establishment when 
so limited, might be matter for further consideration. 

On 13th May Mr. Weld signified to Lord Sidmouth, Pere 
Antoine's arriyiu in London, and his anxiety to have the honour 
of an audience. Mr. Weld proposed that Lord Clifibrd (who had 
been particularly intimate with the late Thomas Weld,. Esq., from 
the foundation of the monastery) might be allowed to be present. 

On 17th May the audience took place, and proved tolerably 
satisfactory. It appeared that no active measures would l>e 
directed against tie establishment; and that an opportunity 
would be afforded of clearing up its credit. Still nothing conclu- 
sive was settled. 

A few days after the interview of the 17th, Lord Clifford 
waited on Lord Sidmouth, who stated that, all circumstances 
taken inte consideration, he deemed it unnecessary to enter 
further inte the business ; but that he wished the superior would 
not increase the present number of his community, and would 
embrace the first opportunity to remove elsewhere. 

On 12th June, 1816, the superior addressed the following note 
to Lord Sidmouth : — 

*^ MiLOBD, — Je m'engage, aussit^t que P^tat de la France et 
nos propres affaires permittoront, k y transporter notre ^tablisse- 
ment et toute notre colonie ; et jusqu' k cette ^poque, je promote 



de ne pas augmenter le nombre des habitans de notre mabon." 

This note was delivered to his lordship by the bishop of TJseSy 
who received for answer, that the declaration of I'Abb^ Saulnier'a 
intentions had given him great satisfaction. 

N.B. Mr. Joseph Steines, surgeon, of Wareham, in his letter 
to the abbot on 9th May, 1816, expressly declares that Brother 
Gregory laboured under violent mental derangement, and that in 
consequence, he (Mr. Staines) had recommended confinement; 
that he had not the smallest doubt of the propriefy with which 
that restraint was exercised ^ from the decorum and good order 
which is always kept in your esteblishment, which, from my 
frequent visits, 1 have had many opportunities of witnessing, and 
which I shall always be ready to attest in any mode that shall be 
proposed." 

That Dosith^e was a perfect madman, is evident from the letter 
he wrote to llr. Hyde, the rector of Wareham, and a magistrate 
of Dorset. It bore date 29th May, 1815. 



APPBNBIZ. 217 

The yeneimble abbot, in a letter to tbe said Lord Clifford, 
dated Lullworth, 6th June, 1816, after stating that calumny had 
obliged him to visit London, and that his recent return had 
comforted and tranquillized his dear community, feelingly and 



justlj remarks, *'La tranquillity et la paiz sont les nchesses 
d'un religieuz. Le bonheur gist principalement dans r i mag i na* 
tion, et il est dangereux d'inquietor les hommes, qui n'etant 
distraits par aucune affiure, s'affectent et se trouolent plus 
ais^ment que d'autres. J'ai gard6 d^ lors un profond silenoe 
Bur toutes mes id^es de transmigration." He then proceeds to 
obserye that he had been willing, in conformity to the wishes of 
his friends, to decline for a year or eighteen months to admit 
British subjects into his order ; but such an arrangement could 
be but temporary, as otherwise the existence of the convent 
would be endangered ; and that he had come to the decision, aa 
soon as he could settle the business of the premises with 
Mr. Weld, of passing over to Eranoe. ** En oela j*agis par devoir 
et par conscience ; mais nullement par inclination et par go&t. 
J'amie I'Angleterre ; je suis fortement attach^ i des Jieux, oii 
nous vivons en paix depuis vingt ans, que nous avons arros^ de 
nos sueurs, que nous avons en quelque sorte cr^, et oii jusqu'i 
ce moment nous* avons joui d'une tranquillity profonde. Je ne 
me fais pas illusion sur I'^tat de la j'rance : elle n'a rien ^ui 
m'attire ; mais j'ai d£p6t pr^euz. J'en suis comptable k Dieu 
et k I'Eglise : je dois prendre tons les moyens en mon pouvoir 
pour le perp^tuer: ma negligence et mon indiff($renoe me 
rendroient coupable." He adds, if Lord Sidmouth would agree 
to a maximum, — if the community might be allowed to consist of 
forty, or even thirty, members invariaDiy, and no more, he would 
cheerfully acquiesce in such arrangement. The Government 
mi^ht look upon the community as a society of agriculturists, 
and very reasonably ; for the convent undeniably excelled their 
neighbours in the cultivation of potatoes ; they fed eightjr pigs 
during the winter with sea-weed ; they were then preoaring to 
bum their collection of weeds for glass and soap,^ ana by this 
process the soap they made was as good as the article manufac- 
tured at Cherbourg, or at Alicant. Their little manufSustory of 
doth might also deserve encouragement. They took the entire 
charge of their own sick and aged without any assistance from 
the parish. Nor was it possible that the severity of the rule 
could add to the number of convento. In the whole of Catholic 
France before the Bevolution, there was but one house of La 
Tr^pe, BO that from multiplication the British Government had 
no cause for alarm. 

This highly-gifted religious, Anne Nicholas Charles Sadnier, 
was bom, on 20th August, 1764, at Joigny in Champagne, of a 
very respecteble £&milv. His father was the principal magistrate 
there. At the age of twenty-five he was a licentiate in law, and 
D.D. at Paris. He joined the Trappisto at LuUworth, with Fere 



218 APPBNDIX. 

Ealemon, in June, 1795. Chosen the fourth prior of St. Susan's, 
Pope Pius YII. raised him to the dignity of abbot in 1818, and> 
month of May; and in August following, as he informed me 
himself, he was blest as such bj Bishop Poynter in London. 
This accomplished scholar and gentleman, considerate superior, 
and solid religious, died, uniyers^j lamented, at Meilleraye, near 
Nantes, on 6th January, 1889, SBt. seyentj^-four. 

1 cannot do better than transcribe hu letter to his English 
subjects, written 12th November, 1881, after their wanton expul- 
sion from Meilleraye. 

" Mes Bixir-AiMBS EsxBXs XT EmTANS,— Jc partage avec bien 
de la tendresse votre affliction et vos souffrances: je Toudrais 
qu'il fiit en mon pouToir de m'offrir pour souffrir & yotre place ; 
mais prenez courage : souyenez-yous de ce ^ue dit rEvangiie que 
nous lisions bier, a la f6te de tous las Saints de notre Ordre : 
ELeureux ceux qui souffrent persecution pour la justice ; car le 
Boyaume des Cieux leur appartient. Je remercie Dieu du fond de 
mon coBur de la fortitude et du courage ayec lesquels yous 
supportez cette injuste et s^v^re ^preuve; mais continuez de 
mettre en Lui toute yotre confiance. II est bien ^lorieux pour 
yous de porter maintenant Tillustre, Thonorable titre de Uon- 
fesseurs ue la Foi: mais rendez-yous dignes d*un nom aussi 
grand, par yotre enti^re soumission k la sainte yolont^ de Dieu. 
B^nissez ceux qui yous pers^cutent, loin de les maudire ; rappelez- 
yous que tout ce qui est passager est l^ger, et que les tribiuations 
de cette yie n'ont aucune proportion ayec la gloire qui yous est 
pr6paree. Je ne sais, si je serai assez heureux pour yous yoir 
encore, i>our vous serrer dans mes bras sur cette terre d'affliction ; 
mais j*ai la ferme confiance en Dieu, que par les m^rites et le 
sang sacr^ de notre Dirin Maitre et !Riedempteur notre Seigneur 
J^sus-Christ, par la protection de notre bonne et tendre Mere 
la glorieuse Yierge Marie, et sous la tutelle de tous les Anges et 
de tous les Saints, bientdt nous nous trouyerons tous r^unis dans 
cet 6temel S^jour, dans lequel nous aimerons, louerons, et adorerons 
Dieu pendant toute r^temit^. 

** C est dans ces dispositions, mes chers et bien-aim^s Fr^s et 
Enfans, ^u'ayec un cceur d^chir^, et la plus tendre affection, en 
priant Dieu de yous b6nir, je yais yous donner ma plus sincere et 
plus paternelle benediction. 

" Au nom du Pere, et du Pils, et du Saint-Esprit. Votre Pftre, 
Frere, et Ami. 

" F. AwTOiyx, Abbe de Meilleraye, 
' " Superieur-Gen6ral." 

By a letter receiyed from F. A. Hawkins, dated Stapehill, 
23ra October, 1865, J learn, that this excellent abbot, P. Antoine, 
after witnessing the dispersion of more than 150 of his brethren 
in 1831, was permitted to retain from 25 to 80 with him; 
and that as the times grew more settled, the scattered sheep 
rejoined their pastor to the number of 60 before his death — that 



APPBRDIX. 219' 

presently the co]ximimit7 at Meilleraye oonsiBts of about 180 
fervent members, after havine s^t put 4 or 5 colonies — ^that in 
the monastery of Aqua Bdla, in Eranoe, there are now 230 
monks, and that in another eonyent there are 220 nuns!" 
Blessed be Gk>d for thus bafiEUng the malice of man. ^Sicut 
tenebra» ejus, ita et lumen ejus " (Pe. 188). 



No. vni. 

Alluded to in foge 198. 

The following address, signed by 160 members of the congrega* 
tion at Febrooke, was presented, 27th September, 1885, to F.James 
BrownbiU: — 

<' To the Bey. James Brownbill, S. J. 

^ We, the undersigned members of your congregation, on the 
ere of your quitting us to return to the cottage of Stonyhurst, bes^ 
respectfully to express to you our heartfelt ree^ret at this painfiu 
separation. How can we out be overwhelmed with affliction, at 
losing a pastor endeared to us during a residence of nearly five 
years, by such parental vigilance and solicitude, who, in the days 
of sickness and tribulation, has proved himself to be our kindest 
visitor, friend, and counsellor P We could never forgive ourselves, 
reverend sir, if we failed to convey to you this testimony of our 
gratitude, and if we did not assure you that we must ever take a 
special interest in your health and happiness. Accept our humble 
but constant and fervent petitions to tiie throne of grace for your 
temporal and eternal welfare ; and deim occasionally to remember' 
at tne altar your now sorrowful and ever-attached children in 
Jesus Christ. 



220 APPENDIX 



NOTE& AND QUERIES. 

I. Who were John and Jane Walker, whose anna appear on a 
chalice at Ghidiock Chapel P On the hexagon foot 1 ohserved 
engraved the cmcifixion, the Y irgin Marj with twelve stars encir> 
cling her head, and her feet resting on the crescent — Ora pro 
animabus Johannis Walker et Johanne nxoris ejus. 

n. My readers are aware that Dr. John Carroll was the first 
bishop appointed for the United States of America ; that the 
Bull of Pope Pius YL so appointing him Bishop of Baltimore, 
bears date 6th I^ovember, 1789 ; and that the consecration of his 
lordship was performed in Lullworth Chapel by Bishop Walmesley 
on 15th August, 1700. But it is not generally known that Charles, 
the late Lord Clifford, furnished the design of the official seal 
for the new prelate. The form was circular. Beneath the hat 
and tassells, in the centre of a circle, stood the Virgin Mother and 
the Divine Infant ; over her head are thirteen stars, emblematical 
of the thirteen United States ; at her feet are the keys in saltier. 
The legend of the obverse was JOHAinrxs xpisoopub baxti- 
HOBiBKSis. In the reverse appears the Blessed Virgin as before, 
with the legend kx nuxLiNQUAB kob, noHunB nxus kostsb. 

. Q. Is the seal, mutatii muUmdia^ still in use at Baltimore P 

N.B. At the svnod holden at Baltimore, 9th May, 1852 (mrabUe 
dietu)^ 6 archbishops, 25 bishops, and about 60 priests attended ! 
Deo Oratias* In 1856 the Catholic population of the United 
States is nearly two millions and a half, with 7 archbishops and 
85 bishops^ 1,760 priests, about 2,000 churches^ 24 colleges, 
87 seminaries, and 180 French schools. 

m. When at Lullworth in 1810 1 saw a picture of a deceased 
person laid out in the Franciscan habit, with this inscription ; — 

*'Vera effigies lUustrissimi Domini Edwardi Widdrington, 
Equitis et Baronetti, BDtatis su® 57. Obiit anno 1671, 18 
Junii." 

Q. 1. Was he the third son of William, the second Lord 
Widdrington P And if so, 2. Was he undo to Hon. Peregrine 
Widdrington, who married Mary, Duchess of Norfolk, relict of 
Thomas, eighth Duke of Norfolk. Ob. 1747. 8. When was this 
Edward Widdrington created a baronet ? 

rV. Was Dr. Bonaventure Gifford bom at Wolverhampton^ as 
Dodd asserts (vol. iii. Church History, p. 469) P Secondly, Was his 
surname Biihop, as Hals, the contemporary Cornish historian, 
contends P His report of the doctor, under the parish qf St 
Matogan^ in Pydre^ is circumstantial and curious i-^ 

** One BishoVf of this parish, in his youth, after his school edu- 
cation at Betallock, in St. Columb Major, in the Latin and Greek 



AFPBNDIX. 221 

tongaes under Mr. John Coode, that ftmoos schoolmaster, was 
taken by the cost and care of Sir John Arundell, of Lanheme, 
from thence, and placed by him in Douay College, in Flanders, 
where he took orders as a Catholic Boman nri^ and became 
house-ehaplam to the said Sir John Arundell, Knt. ; and from 
thence visited and confirmed the Boman Catholics in those parts 
for many year by thepretended name of Mr, Qjffbrd. He died at 
Hammersmith, near London, 20th March, 1783, aged ninety-nine 
years, and ordered his body to be opened, and his heart to be 
taken out and sent to Douay aforesaid, and kept in spirits, and 
his body to be buried in St. Fancras Church, London. (London 
Oazeite, 28rd March, 1783.) He was made D.D. by the college 
aforesaid, and consecrated Bishop of ■ ■ ' ■ in the banqueting- 
house at Whitehall, in the last year of King James 11.*' So & 
Hals. 

Certainly, he was consecrated Bishop of Madura, a city on the 
north of Africa^ by the papal nuncio Ferdinand D'Adda on 22nd 
April, 1688, and was appointed first Y .A. of the Midhmd District. 
On the death of Bishop John Leybum he was transferred to 
London. His epitaph in St. Fancras shows he was bom in 1644, 
and that he diea 12th March, 1783, consequently but eighty-nine 
years old. 

His junior brother Andrew, D.D., had died 14th September, 
1714, having refused the Bishopric of Csssarea, and the govern- 
ment of this Western District, void by the resignation of Bishop 
Philip Ellis, promoted to Segni by Pope Clement XL 



PART II. 



BIOGEAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY 



IN THX OOUITTIEB OT 



CORNWALL, DEVONSHIEE, D0ESET8HIRE, SOMERSETSHIRE, 
WILTSHIRE, AND GLOUCESTERSHIRE, 



FROM THB 



PERIOD OF THE BEFOBMATION UNTIL THE PRESENT YEAR 1866. 



Quidnam dalcius, quain majorum reoenaere gratiam, ut eomm 
acta cognoscas, a quibus aoceperis et rndimenta fidei et incitamenta 
bene vivendi? — (Gul. Malmesb, de Grestis Pontif. Angl.) 



PREAMBLE. 



In looking over this catalogue, the reader may be sur- 
prised at the vast proportion of members of religious orders 
that have been employed in cultivating the western part of 
this English vineyard of our blessed Lord and Saviour; and 
if his heart be truly inflamed with the zeal of God's house, 
— ^if he seek not his own, but the things that are of Christ, — 
he will rejoice at the loyal co-operation of the secular with 
the regular clergy in promoting the salvation of immortal 
souls purchased by the blood of a common Redeemer. Had 
not these efficient men considered themselves as officers 
engaged in the same honourable service, with a community 
of feelings and interests, though arrayed in different 
uniforms, and marshalled under distinct regimental colours, 
— ^if they had not scorned that party spirit which induced 
the Corinthian converts to cry out, ** I am of Paul, and I of 
ApoUos, and I of Cephas,^' (1 Cor. i.), *' as if Christ was 
divided,*' says the Apostle, — had they yielded to such per- 
sonal jealousies and such pitiful feelings, the sacred fire 
of religion would long since have been extinguished 
amongst us. 

At the express recommendation of Dr. Allen, the founder 
of Douay College, that sanctuary of learning and nursery 
of martyrdom, the Jesuits were sent to the aid of the 
secular clergy in 1580 ; the children of St. Benedict added 
their reinforcement about the end of Queen Elizabeth's 
reign, and the sons of SS. Dominic and Francis eagerly 
volunteered into the same distinguished service. All these 
men of Ood were intimately persuaded that the King of 
kings and Lord of lords, in His sovereign independence, 
stands in no need of any of His creatures ; but that if He 
condescend to employ any of them to perform His work, — 
if He engage them as ministering spirits to do His will, — 
they shouJd feel it as a gratuitous honour, and exclaim with 
the blessed Virgin, ''Fecit mihi magna qui potens est, — 
exaltavit humiles.'' For it is God alone who gives the 
increase, who bestows the victory. It is He who crowns His 

Q 



226 PREAMBLE. 

own gifts; and provided He be honoured and glorified, we 
ought to feel indifferent as to the instruments whom He 
selects for His purposes. Hence F. Bothaan, the late General 
of the Jesuits, in his encyclical letter to his subjects, dated 
1st January, 1847, properly condemns those as guilty of 
great indiscretion and folly who imagine that Jesuits were 
necessary for the maintenance of Chod's Church, which is 
built on the adamantine rock of ages. '^Procul absit k 
nobis hujusmodi cogitatio, probe scientibus, Deo, cum setemis 
promissis Ecclesiae institutio innixa est, nullum hominem, 
neque uUam hominum congregationem, esse necessariam: 
qui, si cujus oper& uti dignatur in Ecclesise suae cau8& promo- 
Tend&, vel tuend&, insigne beneiicium prsebet, non meritum 
rependit: qui potest etiam de lapidibus suscitare filios 
Abrahse ; cui proinde supplicandum est : Conserva me, 
Domine'^ (Psalm xv.), " quoniam speravi inte. Dixi Domino, 
Deus mens es tu, quoniam bonorum meorum non eges.'' 
It would be absurd, however, to deny that occasionally, in 
times happily gone by, the enemy of human tranquillity and 
prosperity did succeed in sowing the tares of jealousy and 
factious disunion in some portion of the English vineyard. 
But this is only a proof of the infirmity of poor human 
nature, that priests are not angels, but men, liable to forget 
the divine counsel, "Be ye perfect, even as your heavenly 
Father is perfect.'' — (Matt. v. 4S.) Therefore we are not to 
be surprised that such events have transpired ; but we are to 
lament them, to cast a veil over them, to pray and to watch 
against their recurrence. Let it be our study to show that 
we consider ourselves as the citizens of the saints and the 
domestics of God; let us seek to rejoice Heaven by our 
union of heart and soul, by being lovers of harmony, and 
delighting in our respective vocations. And let every priest 
implore God to say to us all, in His mercy, " Reddam populis 
labium electum : ut invocent onuies in nomine Domini, et 
serviant ei humero uno.'' — (Sophonias iii. 9.) 



I 



Jiffgrartital fist of i\t Ckrgj* 



A. 

Adams^ John, bom at Martin's Town^ Dorset^ from a 
Calvinist miaister became a feirent Catholic^ and, eager to be 
an instmment in the conversion of erring souls, crossed over 
to Rheims to qualify himself for the priesthood. He 
returned home a missionary in 1581. Apprehended, he was 
sent into banishment four years later; but his zeal for his 
neighbours' salvation induced him to re-appear in the vine« 
yard, where he soon fell into the persecutors' hands : and on 
8th October, 1586, he expiated, by a glorious death at 
Tyburn, that crime of high treason affixed by English law to 
the character and functions of the priest according to the 
order of Melchizedec. Father Warford, S.J., who had 
known him, relates that Hampshire was the chief arena of 
his apostolic labours ; that he was of the middle size, appa- 
rently about forty years of age, had a darkish beard, cheeif ul 
countenance, black eyes, ready speech, and was ^'ingenii 
simplicis et admodum pii : laboriosus imprimis." 

Adamson, Vincent Robert, O.S.D., a native of Lan- 
cashire, who consecrated himself early to bis Maker in 
the Order of St. Dominic. On 29th September, 1825, he 
reached Harpury Court as assistant to the Rev. Dr. Brittain, 
the director of the Dominicanesses there. But his career of 
usefulness was destined to be short indeed; for God was 
pleased to take him to Himself on 10th May, 1831, in the 
thirty-second year of his age. 

Agar, William Seth, bom near York on Christmas-day, 
1815, was ordained at Prior-park, and succeeded the Rev. 
William Joseph Yaughan as incumbent of Lyme, at mid- 
summer, 1845. Unquestionably he added much to the 
improvement of its church. On 15th July, 1849, he 
presented twenty-three for confirmation. We have from his 
pen ''A CathoUc Catechism, methodically arranged for the 
Use of the Uninstructed,'' which is a translation from the 

Q 2 



228 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

Italian of Dr. Rosmini Serbati. Mr. Agar's state of health 
at length dictated the expediency of a relaxation from the 
labours of his mission. After an excursion amongst his 
friends, he supplied at Salisbury for a time; but feeling 
much recovered, he resumed his pastoral duties at Lyme. 
However, the place again disagreeing with him, the Bishop 
transferred him to Spetisbury, where he is rendering valuable 
service ; and on 16th September, 1856, he was installed a 
canon of the Plymouth chapter in the room of Canon Tilbury, 
deceased. 

AiNswoRTH, Ralph, O.S.B. — This exemplary missioner 
served Bath for two years as assistant priest, and for twenty 
years as chief pastor. Finding the chapel in Corn Street much 
too contracted for his increasing flock, he boldly purchased 
the old theatre and some adjoining premises, and succeeded, 
by the 3rd December, 1809, in converting that theatre into 
the present spacious chapel of St. John the Evangelist. 
From its wall I copied the following epitaph : — 

In a vault 

Beneath this chanel. 

In the hope of a glorious Kesurrection, 

Repose the mortal remains 

of 

The Rev. Ralph Ainsworth, 

Who for the long period of 20 years 

Filled the important office 

Of chief Pastor of this Congregation, 

Respected and heloved, 

And to whose memory this monument is erected 

By the gratitude of his numerous friends. 

Obiit 5 Februarii, 1814, etatis 50. 

Allam (Ambrose), William, O.S.B. — ^All that I can 
collect of this religious is, that he succeeded P. John 
Panting, S.J., at Bonham, in 1783 ; and that at the end of 
six years he removed to Coventry, where he concluded his 
pious course on 5th September, 1812, deeply regretted. 

Allen, Francis. — That he was a secular priest, and was 
stationed in Cornwall during the reign of King Charles I., 
is certain. Dodd, in his Church History (vol iii. p. 149), 
has recorded one of his letters from that county; but in 
vain I look for other particulars. 

Anderdon, William Henry. — ^While vicar of St. Mar- 
garet's, Leicester, he embraced the Catholic faith. I under- 
stand that he has recently been appointed chaplain to 
Viscount Campden, eldest son and heir of the earl of Grains- 
borough, at Campden House, co. Gloucester. 



.BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OP THE CLERGY. 229 

Anderson^ William, S.J., bom 12tli June, 1689; 
admitted into the order 7th June, 1721, and distinguished 
himself by his mathematical and astronomical science. One 
who knew him assured me that he resided for some time at 
Leighland, the seat of the Rowes, in Somersetshire. But 
he was subsequently transferred into Lincolnshire, where he 
died superior of his brethren of the College of St. Hugh, at 
Eingerby, the seat of the Youngs, near Market Basen, on 
25th August, 1764. 

Angelus, a Sto. Francisco, O.S.P., alias Eichard 
Mason, whom Dodd by mistake divides into two distinct 
persons. — (Church History, vol. iii. pp. 100, 113.) That he 
was an Englishman is certain, — probably a Yorkshireman ; 
yet Harris, in his " Writers of Ireland,'' claims him for a 
native of that country. In the " Rambler '' of July, 1850, 
I have given a catalogue of the writings of this learned 
scholar. For a time, it appears that he was chaplain at 
Wardour. Worn out with labours in the service of religion, 
he obtained permission at length to quit England, and retire 
to St. Bonaventure's Convent at Douay, 1 1th October, 1675, 
'^ut sibi et Deo ibidem vacet;'' and there he slept in the 
Lord on 30th December, 1678, act, seventy-eight, prof, 
forty-eight, sac. forty-four. 

Apricr, Ildefonsus, O.S.B., probably a native of Somer- 
setshire, and perhaps a descendant of William Aprice, 
gentleman, who is mentioned, in Rishton^s Diary of the 
Tower, to have been thrown into the Pit on 27th August, 
1584, for twenty-three days, and again on 24th September 
dropped into that horrible dungeon for forty-eight days. I 
think this religious father, like his brother Joseph, was pro- 
fessed at St. Laurence's Convent, Dieulwart. Subsequently, 
he was one of the monks appointed to serve St. James's 
chapel, London, and at the Revolution had to share in all 
the reverses of his brethren. But he died quietly in London 
on 18th March, 1712. 

Aprice, Joseph, O.S.B., brother of the above. This 
chaplain of King James 11. grew into such favour, that F. 
Weldon,* in his " Chronologiod Notes/' a work to which I am 

* F. Ralph (Bede) Weldon, of the ancient family of Weldon, of 
Swanscomhe, near Gravesend, was the seventeenth child of his parents 
Colonel George Weldon and Lucy (Necton) his wife ; Ralph was bom 
in London 12th April, 1674, and was christened at tlie Savoy. He lost 
his father on 30th March, 1679 ; but his mother survived until 26th 
April, 1702. Converted to the Catholic faith by that zealous monk 
F. Joseph Johnston, he made his abjuration at St. James's, on 12ih 



230 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEROT. 

fiingularly indebted^ informs us that " his Majesty would have 
him in his service wherever he went^ and that he died in the 
fifty-third year of his af^e at St. Edmund's House^ Paris^ on 
25th July,* 1703, in the very chamber where James II. used 
to lie, when he honoured that house with his pious retreats.'' 
Q. Was not his friend, Mr. Charles Penruddock, who died at 
Paris in March, 1679, set. twenty-eight, and in whose vault 
at St. Edmund's F. Aprioe was buried, son of the Colonel 
John Penruddock, beheaded at Exeter by order of Oliver 
Cromwell, May, 1665, for proclaiming Charles II. King of 
England ? 

In Hayward's Vindication of Charles Fox's history may 
be seen (No. 8, Appendix) a letter of this F. Aprice, on the 
death of King Charles II. and the accession of King James II. 

Atlward (Dominic), John, O.S.D., bom at Leeds 4th 
April, 1813. In early life, viz. 15th January, 1834, he was 
professed among the Dominicans at Hinckley, where he was 
ordained priest by Bishop Walsh, 10th March, 1838. After 
succeeding his former Master of Novices, F. Procter, in the 
ofSce of provincial, he was in 1854 appointed his successor 
also in the priorship of the monastery at Woodchester, which 
he most worthily governs. 

B. 

Bacon, Gregory, O.S.B., ob. apud Stoke, co. Gloucester, 
4th April, 1663. 

Baoos, Charles Michael, Right Rev. — In the " Weekly 
and Monthly Orthodox Journal," of June, 1849, I published 
a full account of this amiable and learned prelate. He was 
the eldest son of Charles Baggs, Esq., by his wife Eleanor 
Kyan, and was bom in the county of Meath, on 21st May, 
1806. His father was a Protestant barrister, and destined 
his sou also for the legal profession; but a sad reverse of 
fortune, and his sudden death in 1820, induced his pious 
mother to withdraw her child firom the Protestant school 

October, 1687. On 17th December, 1690, he took the Benedictine 
habit at Douay, and was professed l«3th January, 1692. Of his congre- 
gntion and of religion he aeserves every praise for Iiis two folio volumes 
of ** Chronological Memoirs," all written in his own bold band, now at 
Ampleforth. At the beginning of volume ii. I read, "These two tomes 
cost me from the evening or dusk of Trinity Sunday, about the middle 
of June, that half month, July, August, September, October, to the 
7th of November, 1707, on which day I finished them. Glory be to the 
eternal wisdom of God.*' Perhaps he made the abridgment of that work, 
now at Downside, continued till 1713 ; for he died 23rd November of 
that year. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLBBOY. 281 

in June that year^ and place him first at Sedgley-park 
Academy for a twelvemonth^ and then transfer him to 
St. Edmnnd's College. In the spring of 1825 his superiors, 
charmed with his docility, industry, and talent, sent him to 
the English College at Bome, where in due time he was pro- 
moted to priesthood ; and so rapidly did he rise in the esti- 
mation of all around him, that he was appointed vice- 
president of the college, and iinallv president, when Dr. 
Wiseman was nominated to the see oi Melipotamus, to which 
he was consecrated 14th June^ 1840. Pope Gregory XYI., 
an exceUent ludge of merit, treated Dr. Baggs with marked 
distinction ; he made him his honorary chamberlain, giving 
him the privilege of introducing to an audience all the Britisn 
gentry ; and he executed this office with admirable tact and 
courtesy, so as to win golden opinions. 

When the news reached the Eternal City that Dr. Baines, 
Bishop of Siga, was no more, the eyes of the public were 
directed to our English president as the fit person to succeed 
to the charge of this Western District. His Holiness coin- 
cided in this opinion, and Dr. Baggs was consecrated to it by 
the title of Bishop of Pella, in St. Gregory's Church at Rome, 
on 28th January, 1844, by Cardinal Fransoni, assisted by 
Dr. Brown, then Bishop of Tloa, now of Liverpool, and Dr. 
Collier, Bishop of Port Louis, in the Mauritius. I have 
heard Bishop Baggs repeat, that on taking leave of that 
illustrious Pope, his Holiness enjoined him above all things 
to inculcate union and charity amongst his flock. Circum- 
stances prevented the bishop from taking possession of his 
diocese before Thursday, 30th May, 1844. His arrival at 
Prior-park was welcomed by the clergy and laity. On 1st 
June he held an ordination, when three were promoted to the 
priesthood, and four were made deacons. The summer was 
spent in visiting his extensive diocese. On 2nd September 
he opened at Prior-park a general spiritual retreat for his 
clergy. On 2nd October he divided the diocese into four 
deaneries, to enable his clergy to meet together for theological 
discussions ; but whilst, like his patron, St. Charles Borromeo, 
pastoral solicitude was rendering him glorious, it was truly 
painful to us all to witness that our variable climate was 
impairing and destroying his delicate constitution. We had 
hoped, almost against hope, that he might recover his pristine 
elasticity ; but alas ! he rapidly succumbed under prostration 
of strength, and gently expired at Prior-park on 16th October, 
1845. On the 23rd his precious remains were laid by the side 
of his immediate predecessor. Bishop Baines, in the new church 
commenced at the college. 



232 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBROT. 

His coflSn was thus inscribed : — 

* 

Carol us Michael Baggs, 

EpiscopuB Pellensis, Y. A. D. O. 

Obiit XVII. Kalendas Novembrisy 

Anno Domine mdcccxlt., 

Episcopatus sui aecando. 

Vixit Annos xxxix. Menses v. 

Cujus anime propitietur Deus. 

In consequence of the breaking up of the coU^e at 
Prior-park, his remains have been recently removed to a 
vault in Midford Chapel, bj the kindness of the ConoUy 
family. 

A high encomium of this estimable prelate appeared in the 
columns of the Morning Post, of November 3, 1845. 

Dr. Baggs published — 1. At Rome, in 1836, a Letter ad- 
dressed to the Kev. R. Burgess, B.D., the Protestant chaplain 
in that city. 

2. A Discourse on the Supremacy of the Roman Pontiffs, 
delivered in the Church of Gesu e Maria, in the Corso, Rome, 
on Sunday, February 7th, 1836, and dedicated to Cardinal 
Weld. This discourse was translated into Italian, by Augusto 
Garofolini, and afterwards printed at the Tipograiia delle Belle 
Arti : at Rome that year Dr. Baggs translated, himself, into 
Italian, his letter to Mr. Burgess, which was printed also 
in 1836. 

3. The Papal Chapel, described and illustrated from History 
and Antiquity, 1839, and dedicated to Cardinal Acton. 

4. The Ceremonies of Holy Week, at the Vatican, and 
St. John Lateran's ; with an account of the Armenian Mass 
at Rome, on Holy Saturday, and the Ceremonies of the 
Holy Week, at Jerusalem : Rome, 1889. Dedicated to the 
present Hugh C. Lord Clifford. 

5. The Pontifical Mass, sung at St. Peter's Church on 
Easter Sunday, on the Festival of SS. Peter and Paul, and 
Christmas-day; with a Dissertation on Ecclesiastical Vest- 
ments: Rome, 1840. Dedicated to Cardinal James Gius- 
tiniani, Bishop of Albano, and Protector of the English 
College. 

6. Funeral Oration, delivered at the solemn obsequies of 
the Lady Guendaline Talbot, Princess Borghese, in St. Charles' 
Church, in the Corso, on 23rd December, 1841. On this 
mournful occasion. Dr. Baines sung the High Mass. 

Two Dissertations of Dr. Baggs were printed and published 
separately. 



BIOGKAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 233 

1. Dissertazione buI sistema Teologico degli Anglicani 
detti Puseyisti. Svo.^ 85 pp. 

It was read in the Aobdemia di Religione Cattolica, at 
Rome, 30th June, 1842 ; and was published in the ^' Aimali 
delle Scienze Religiose.^' Vol. xt. No. 43. 

2. Dissertazione suUo Stato Odierno della Chiesa Anglicana. 
8yo., pp. 28. Published in 1843 in the same Annali, &c. 
Vol. xvii. No. 49, 

In the words of Cowper I may add : — 

^ Peace to the mem'ry of a man of worth, 
A man of letters and of manners too. 
Of manners sweet, as virtue always wears.*' 

Baines (Auoustin) Petek, Bight Rev., bom at Pear-tree 
Farm, within Kirkley township, near Liverpool, on 25th 
January, 1787. In company of John, Edward, and Vincent 
Glover, three brothers, he left England to study for the 
Church in the English Benedictine Abbey, of Lambspring, 
where they arrived on 7th November, 1798. Within four years 
later, the good monks were compelled to leave their beloved 
monastery, and, at the invitation of the Rev. John Bolton, 
they repaired to Ampleforth, in the parish of Oswaldkirk, 
near York. Here Lady Ann Fairfax,* of Gilling Castle, had 
founded a mission as early as 1780 for the Benedictines. 
This hospitable and considerate monk was her chaplain ; his 
house was commodious ; he gave them every encouragement 
to commence a college at once, and he ended his days amongst 
them on 20th December, 1805. Heaven blessed the under- 
taking ; the pious Peter Baines pursued his studies with in- 
defatigable assiduity; at the canonical age he consecrated 
himself to God in the order of St. Benedict, on 8th June, 
1804, taking St. Augustine for his patron. The talented 
youth was soon employed to teach, and he laudibly exerted 
his abilities in improving and enlarging the system of educa- 
tion in this rising establishment. At the age of thirty the 
chapter judged him to be the best qualified to succeed to the 
important mission of Bath, void by the retirement of his 
confrere, the Rev. James Calderbank. He arrived in that 
city in July, 1817; and it is true to say, that the mission 
under his auspices assumed a renovated appearance and 
splendour. Bishop CoUingridge, sadly disappointed in not 
securing for his coadjutor the Rev. Charles McDonnell, O.S.F., 
who had actually been nominated Bishop of Sonopolis by his 
Bull, dated 2Gth January, 1816, but could not be prevaUed 

* Tills great benefactress to religion died on 2nd May, 1811. 



334 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

upon to accept the proffered dignity^ charmed with the pulpit 
eloquence of this gifted missioner, and the unprecedented 
progress of religion in Bath^ now selected Dr. Baines for his 
associate in the episcopal office^ and as such he was consecrated 
to the see of Siga by Archbishop Murray^ in Townshend- 
atreet Chapel^ Dublin^ on 1st May^ 1823. The friends of our 
holy faith haUed this promotion, for the reverend doctor was 
looked up to as possessing a soul superior to pitiful jealousy 
and party prejudice; and in his letter to me, dated 20th 
August, 1823, from No. 4, Belvidere, Weymouth, where he 
accepted for a time the charge of the congregation, his lord- 
ship thus expressed himself: — '' Stonyhurst has not a more 
sincere well-wisher, or truer friend, than mvself. As far as 
my little means extend, I shall be happy at all times to render 
it service. I am a decided and open enemy to all party dis- 
tinctions ; and I hope I am perfectly free myself from what 
I hate in others — party prejudice.'^ This was language 
worthy of a Catholic bishop ! And is not party spirit, which 
chills the heart, like an ague, checking the circulation of 
vital charity ? 

For the benefit of his health Dr. Baines was recommended 
to make a tour on the Continent, and he made a lengthened 
residence at Rome. By his Holiness Leo XII. he was ap- 
poiated a domestic chaplain shortly before that PontifiPs 
death, which lamentable event occurred on 10th February, 
1829. Within two months later he received the unexpected 
intelligence that Bishop CoUingridge was no more. As 
soon as he could arrange his affairs, he hastened back to this 
vacant diocese, and obtained permission from Pope Pius YIII. 
to become secularized, after an attachment to the Benedictine 
order for the quarter of a century. 

In the December of the same year (1829) he concluded 
the purchase of the magnificent mansion of Prior-park,* near 
Bath, with its annexed leasehold estate in Lyncombe and 
Wydecombe parishes, of 171 acres, and a freehold estate of 
twenty-seven acres. To the splendid mansion, which he ap- 
propriated for the episcopal residence, he added two handsome 
wings, St. Peter's, to serve for a lay college, and St. Paul's, 

* Erected by Ralph Allen, Esq., who, from being the son of an inn- 
keeper in a village on the road side, called St Blazey Highway, Corn- 
wall, raised himself, by energy of mind and indefatigable perseverance, 
to become the originator and affluent farmer of tlie Cross Posta^. 
Pope, Swift^ Arbuthnot, Gav, Thompson, &c., partook of his hospitalities 
at Prior-park. Ob. 29th tfune, 1764, sot. seventy-one, and was buried 
at Cloverton. I have seen some of his portraits by Hudson. Davies 
Gilbert, in his "Cornwall," vol. i. p. 67, doubts whether Fielding's 
" Al worthy " was really meant to pourtray Mr. Allen. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBOT. 835 

to be an ecclesiastical seminary. Such was the progress of 
the works, that in Jnly^ 1880, Prior-park was opened for the 
reception of students, though the foundation of the college 
takes date from 1st May that year. Some of his lordship's 
jEriends and admirers, considering his lordship's present ways 
and means, and calculating on his probable resources and 
prospects, were fearful that the enterprise was too venture- 
some, and that it might involve and swallow up the funds of 
the missions. Amongst others who could be mentioned, that 
cautions and discreet nobleman, Charles, the late Lord Clifford^ 
in his letter to me bearing date Mansfield-street, 'London, 
5th November, 1830, remarked, " I have my doubts of the 
propriety of endeavouring to support a seminary of the mag- 
nitude of Prior-park." It was even prognosticated by some 
eminent divines that it must perish. The outlay was truly 
terrific; the demands continually increasing, vehemently 
pressing, and creating feverish anxiety ; and in the midst of 
this misery, to the regret of all lovers of architectural beauty, 
the centre of this imposing pile of buildings accidentally took 
fire on the evening of 80th May, 1836. This was a distress- 
ing trial to our zealous prelate, yet it served to rouse his 
energy to redoubled exertions. He no longer confined his 
appeal for succour " to the narrow limits of the Catholic body** 
but be extended it "to the Protestant public ;** and he opmly 
proclaimed in that appeal, " independently of the late cakuniiy, 
the institution of Prior -park could not possibly support itsejf 
without the public aid*' 

Over-exertion and solicitude undermined a constitution 
naturally delicate and inflammatory; and I was not sur- 
prised to hear of his sudden dissolution. It was an event 
which he himself had anticipated ; indeed, he had experienced 
a slight paralytic afiection early in March, 1842. But at 
length he nobly fell at the post of honour, within twelve 
hours after opening, with a discourse, St. Mary's new church 
on Bristol Quay. Early on the following morning he was 
found a corpse in his bed at Prior-park, 6th July, 1843. At 
his obsequies on 13th, Bishops Briggs, GrifSths, Morris, and 
Oillis assisted, with about forty priests. The brass plate on 
his coffin bore the following inscription :* — 

* 

Petrus Angustinas BuineSy 

Episcopus Sigensi^ V. A. D. O. 

Obiit Anno Domini hdcccxliii. 

Prid. Non. Julii. Vixit An. lvii. Dies xii. 



* Probably this and Dr. Baggs' inscription came from the same pen. 
As the division of the Eastern and Western Districts had already taken 



286 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

Confessedly, Dr. Baines was possessed of considerable 
tact, winning address, and easy eloquence ; but perhaps was 
inferior to his predecessors of the Western Yicariat in accu- 
racy of mind and gravity of judgment, especially in financial 
matters. Constitutional infirmity may have contributed to 
render him more excitable and irresolute. Be this as it may, 
his name will ever rank amongst the luminaries of our 
English Catholic Church. 

In the "Weekly and Monthly Orthodox Journal'' of 
June, 1849, 1 gave a list of his numerous publications; and 
hope to see a copious life of the prelate compiled " by a bold 
and impartial hand.'' 

Baines, James, nephew to the last-mentioned prelate, 
educated and ordained at Prior-park. For a short time this 
promising ecclesiastic was stationed at Poole, but was 
recalled to the college to fill the of&ce of procurator. Here 
his course of usefulness was arrested by a fatal fever on 
30th August, 1844, at. thirty-two. 

Baker (Augustine), David, O.S.B. — ''Clarum ac vene- 
rabile nomen," bom at Abergavenny in December, 1575. 
In the " Bambler " of March, 1851, 1 gave a brief memoir of 
this profound scholar. He died of the plague in London, 
19th August, l&ll, set. sixty-six, and was buried in St. 
Andrew's, Holbom. He is connected with our west by 
having resided as chaplain with Philip Fursdon, of Fursdon, 
in Cadbury parish, Devon, Esq. (See Dodd's History, 
vol. iii. p. 116.) Bishop Challoner also mentions him as 
connected with Devon, in his interesting memoir of that 
Benedictine martyr, P. Philip Powell. 

Baldwin, William, S.J., of Cornwall, and schoolfellow of 
F. Cornelius, of whom hereafter. After five years spent at 
Oxford University, he proceeded to Bheims, and thence to 
the English College at Rome ; and after his promotion to 
priesthood, enrolled himself amongst the Jesuits on 26th 
February, 1595, aged twenty-six. Twelve years later he was 
advanced to the rank of a professed father. For the life of 
this blameless religious, I refer the reader to the eighth book 
of F. More's " History of the English Province of the S.J." 
Elected the fifth rector, but first English rector of St. Omers' 

place three years before, OC. to 0. might have been preferable, to 
avoid ambiguity. In the above. Menses V. is omitted in the age of 
Bishop Baines. The remains of this bishop and his reverend nephew 
Jnmes Baines have recently been translated, on 17th June, 1866, to the 
monks' cemetery at Downside. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 287 

College^ he died in office 26tli September, 1632> with the 
highest reputation for wisdom and piety. 

Balltman (Gregory), John, O.S.B., bom in Devon, 
26th October, 1734; clothed at Lambspring 2l8t April, 
1753, and professed 5th May, 1754. Subsequently he filled 
the office of prior of that noble abbey, and there died, 
13th September, 1811. 

Ballyman, Thomas, O.S.B., younger brother of the above, 
bom in 1737; reached Lambspring, 26th July, 1751; clothed 
Slst October, 1755; and professed 7th November, 1756, 
After serving Salford for some time, he retired to Bath, 
whe he died 6th August, 1795. 

Bampton, George, S.J., was bom in London 26th July, 
1816. Educated for the medical profession, and having 
passed his examination, he began to practise as a surgeon in 
Plymouth ; but after his conversion to the Catholic faith, 
was privileged with the grace of vocation to the ecclesiastical 
state. His spiritual father, the Rev. Henry Biley, the 
incumbent of Plymouth, conducted him, in May, 1840, to 
Prior-park, where eventually Bishop Baines ordained him 
sub-deacon 18th December, 1841 ; deacon 2nd October, 
1842; and seven days later promoted him to priest- 
hood. On 21st of the same month and year, he made 
his missionary d4but at Plymouth, as assistant to his 
dear friend, P. Riley. His inaugural discourse on "the 
Love of God,'* delivered in St. Mary's Chapel, Stone- 
house, on Sunday, 23rd October, 1842, merited and obtained 
publication. Full of zeal, talent, and tender piety, and 
desirous of greater perfection, his heart yeamed for the reli- 
gious state ; and having at length received permission from 
the Holy See, to the deep regret of his congregation, he 
quitted Plymouth on 23rd January, 1845, to become a 
humble novice of the Society of Jesus. At the end of his 
probation he was sent to render missionary service at Rich- 
mond, in Yorkshire; but when Bishop UUathome directed 
the provincial, F. Lythgoe, to resume possession of Trenchard- 
Street Chapel by Sunday, 31st October, 1847, F. Bampton 
was ordered to proceed thither for the purpose. He filled 
this incumbency until 6th December, 1849, when his 
increasing reputation as a preacher induced his superiors to 
call him up to the church of the Immaculate Conception in 
London. At present he is at Stonyhurst. 

Bannister, William, O.S.B. — Of this early missionary 
of Bath I regret to say, that I can learn only that he died 
there, after some years' s^vice, on 16th May, 1726. 



288 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CUBAOT. 

Barbbr, Joseph (Stephen)^ O.S.B: — ^This good religious 
was assistant priest at Spetisbury for a time ; but finished 
his course at Salisbury on 20th September^ 1847^ in his 
sixty-third year. Bel. forty-six^ sac. thirty-eight. 

Barber^ Luke (Bernard), D.D.^ O.8.B., younger brother 
of Joseph, and bom at Macclesfield, took the habit at Acton 
Bumell 26th April, 1807. Seven years later, the commu- 
nity removed to Downside; and when the prior, F. Iiawson, 
resigned his office on 23rd July, 1818, the solid virtues and 
valuable services of Father Barber recommended him as the 
fittest successor to that pre-eminence. Under his auspices, 
during the twelve years of his government, and amidst much 
vexatious trials, the establishment of St. Gregory's increased 
in numbers and reputation. On 10th July, 1823, he opened 
the beautiful collegiate church, which he justly considered 
should be the principal feature in every well-regulated com- 
munity. On the death of F. Lawson aforesaid, at Salford 
Convent, on 23rd April, 1830, F. Barber's experience and 
services were required for the spiritual direction of that 
Benedictine convent and school. And again, twelve years 
later, he was elected the president of all his English bre- 
thren. For the last ten years of his life, this most amiable 
friend endured a species of martyrdom firom angina pectoris. 
Some professional men treated it as a stomach affection, but 
the event demonstrated that it was disease of the heart 
progressing unto ossification. As he did not appear in time 
for the nuns' Mass on the 29th of December, 1850, F. Spain, 
the assistant chaplain, was sent for, to officiate, in order 
to allow the venerable president a longer repo.se; but not 
being seen later, his chamber was entered, when he was found 
a corpse! His appearance in bed proved that he died in 
sleep, without a struggle. In this kind and amiable father 
I lost a very dear friend; but in my breast will ever be 
embalmed the memory of his solid virtues, and the recollec- 
tion of the warmest attachment. 

He was sixty-one years of age, and in the thirty-sixth of 
his priesthood,* when the Prince of Pastors called him to be 
crowned. ''Bonae vitae numerus dierum; bonum autem 
nomen permanebit in aevum." — (Eccl. xli. 16.) 

Barlow, Lewis, of Gloucestershire. He was the first 
missionary sent from Douay, — viz., in 1574. Twice banished 
the realm, he still returned, and finally died in England, full 
of days and merits, in 1610. 

BarneSj Laurence, O.S.B., was stationed at Bonham for 
some time. Obiit 31st May, 1803, 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBOY. 289 

Babnes, Stephen, I believe of Wilts, was educated in the 
English College at Rome ; in the sequel he was appointed 
director of the English Canonesses, O.S.A., then at Louvain 
(now at Spetisbury), and died in that office Ist January, 
1653, 8Bt. seventy-seven. Another F. Stephen Barnes is 
mentioned by Bishop Challoner''^ under E. White, M. 

Babnes, William, son of Helen and Orace Barnes, of 
Tisbury, Wilts, born on 8th November, 1764, left Rome for 
the English mission in 1793. After supplying in a variety 
of places, he died at Madeley, in Shropshire, 28th April, 184(5. 

Babbet, Maubus, O.S.B. — He certainly left the Leighland 
mission in 1767. He died 3rd December, 1794. 

Babbow, Joseph, S.J., born at Westby, co. Lancashire, 
27th February, 1740. At the age of eighteen he offered 
himself to Qod in the Society ; for a short period was the 
incumbent at Tusmore, then was transferred to Exeter, and 
thence to Arlington Court, near Barnstaple. On 1st July, 
1786, he reached St. Helen's in his native county, and opened 
the convenient chapel at Lowe House on 1st September, 
1793. Here he consummated his earthly course on 5th 
January, 1813. 

Bastabd, Bobebt. — This worthy secular priest, I appre- 
hend, was a native of Devon. Called up from his prison, he 
was sentenced to perpetual banishment in 1606; after which 
I lose sight of him. 

Bauoouin, Gboboe, bom at Monkton, near Taunton; 
educated partly at Douay, and partly at Valladolid. He came 
to the mission in 1775, and was appointed by Bishop 
Walmesley to look after the dispersed faithful in the vicinity 
of Plymouth. This duty he continued to discharge until the 
riots of 1780, when he returned to his native place. After a 
short time he took up his quarters at Taunton, where his 
placid virtues gained him general esteem. There he ended 
his labours on 14th May, 1818, aged sixty-nine, comforted 
with the bright prospect of religion around him. 

** Sunk to the grave with unperceived decay, 
Whilst resignation gently sIofNBd the way, 
And all his prospecte hrightening at the last, 
His heaven commencing ere the world he past." 

Beaumont, John, O. S. F., eldest son of Joseph and 
Hannah {olim Harding) Beaumont, of Stone-Easton, co. 
Somerset. In early life he was clothed in the Franciscan 

* See the ^ Memoirs," 10th Decemher, 1591. 



240v BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

convehf of St. BonaTenture^ at Douay. I find by the Chapter- 
books that he was appointed Giuurdian of the Custody of 
Bristol^ on 8rd May, 1734; for six years^ at leasts before the 
arrival of Rev. Charles Needham in the winter of 1745, he 
was Chaplain at Tor Abbey. After the death of his father, 
his conduct in the disposal of the family patrimony, in de« 
fiance of the remonstrances of his Jesuit brother, William, 
and his throwing off the yoke of all submission and respect 
to his religious superiors, became so extraordinary^ to say the 
least of it, that he was sentenced to be removed from all 
missionary duty, and placed under surveillance at Douay 
Convent (7th Sept. 1764. Act Book, p. 403). There this 
jubilarian father concluded his eccentric course in the year 
1774. 

Beaumont, John, S.J., bom at Stone*Easton, in June, 
1787. I remember his arrival at Stonyhurst, with his younger 
brother Henry, in September, 1800. John was admitted a 
novice at Hodder, seven years later, and was promoted to 
priesthood by Bishop Milner on 18th December, 1812. After 
serving Alnwick for eighteen years, he was transferred to 
Stockeld-park, where he continued for eight months, and 
thence was stationed, 26th November, 1832, at South Hilli 
Chorley, where he still is (December, 1855). 

Beaumont, Joseph, S.J., youngest brother of the Francis- 
can, bom in June, 1702 ; admitted into the order, 7th Sep- 
tember, 1723; and professed of the four vows, 2nd February, 
1741. For many years he resided with Mrs.Winefred Gorsuch 
Eccleston, at Cowley Hill, St. Helen's, co. Lancaster. There 
he died, 13th February, 1773, and was buried at Windleshaw. 

Beaumont, William, S.J., the middle brother, between 
the Franciscan John and the last-mentioned Joseph; bom 
29th January, 1697; joined the Society at the age of twenty- 
one; and was professed 2nd February, 1737. After serving 
Bonham and LuUworth, he retired to Stone-Easton, where 
he died on 15th October, 1764. 

Beeston, Henry, S.J., born at Carlogas, near Lan- 
heme, on 19th June, 1797. After distinguishing himself as 
a classical scholar at Stonyhurst, he entered the novitiate, 
7th September, 1816. At Rome he finished his higher course 
of studies, and there was promoted to priesthood on 11th July, 
1824. Several missions enjoyed the benefit of his exemplary 
zeal; but, to the dismay of his attached congregation at 
Worcester, and the distress of an increased circle of friends 
and acquaintance, he was suddenly taken ofi* by gout in the 
stomach on the night of 12th December, 1846. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBOT. 241 

BsBSTON, James Philip, S.J., veri Bourgeois, bom in 
French Flanders, 5th January, 1738, at the age of twenty- 
two enlisted under the banner of St. Ignatius. In 1779, 
I meet him as chaplain at Cherry Orchard, afterwards 
at Courtfield. He is connected witn the west by having 
resided at Canford for the last two years of his life as director 
to the Theresian nuns, with the charge of that mission. His 
sudden death occurred 19th May, 1811. 

Begin, Nicholas. — ^The best account I can render of this 
respected French abb^, whose society I enjoyed in May, 1810, 
is extracted from the '^ Salisbury Journal '' of 20th March, 
1826. "On Thursday, 16th of March, died the Rev. 
Nicholas Begin, who was upwards of thirty years pastor of 
the Catholic congregation of this city. His unaffected piety, 
goodness of heart, and cheerful disposition, procured him the 
esteem of many valuable firiends while living, and his loss 
will be sincerely lamented, not only by his friends, but by 
many of the poor, to whom he was a liberal benefetctor.'' 

Bennet, Placid, O.S.B. — This good religious is well 
remembered at Lanheme for his zeal and piety ; but he died 
at Liverpool, 1st March, 1795. 

Bennet, Thomas, S.J. — ^This humble and indefatigable 
pastor had long been going about doing good. Habited like 
a peasant (as we learn from the annual letters of 1647), as 
he was proceeding on the road between Bridgewater and 
Poole, he was overtaken by some of the Somersetshire cavalry 
in the service of the Parliament. He was exposed to much 
buffoonery and insult, and it required all his address and 
shrewdness to extricate himself from their clutches. Had 
they suspected him to be a priest, they would probably have 
killed him outright. The good old man ended his days 
quietly at Ghent, 10th December, 1664. 

Bbntlet, Edwabb, S. J., a Londoner, joined the order at 
the age of twenty-one, and in due time was numbered 
amongst its professed fathers. For some time he filled the 
ofSce of Penitentiary at Rome ; but the climate and the con- 
finement incidental to his function impairing his constitution, 
he was ordered to England. The last thirty-one years of his 
life were spent in the service of the mission, especially within 
the residence of St. Stanislaus, which induded Devon and 
Cornwall. He died on 19th May, 1656, set. sixty-eight. 

Berbiman, Alban, O.S.B., a native of Somersetshire. All 
that I can glean of him is, that he died in a good old age on 
18th January, 1715. 



242 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLBROT, 

Blair, Jambs, S.J., whom I find described as "a man of 
singular prudence and 8anctit7/^ was certainly exercising the 
ministry in the diocese of Exeter in 1746; but how long 
before or after I cannot discover. Recalled to Liege, to be 
the Professor of Scripture, he died there on 28th May, 1759, 
St. sixty-six, soc. forty*six. 

BiRusALL (Augustine), John, O.S.B. — ^This gifted religious 
was born at Liverpool, 27th June, 1775, and studied first 
amongst the Dominicans; but in October, 1795, entered 
himself amongst the Benedictines at Lambspring. Admitted 
to his profession on 6th November, 1796, he was promoted to 
priesthood at Hildesheim on 20th May, 1801. Five years 
later he was sent to assist the incumbent at Bath ; but after 
rendering valuable service for three years and a half, he was 
encouraged to undertake a new mission at Cheltenham, late 
in 1809, and there succeeded in opening its first pubUc chapel 
on 3rd June, 1810.* Twenty years later this energetic 
father commenced another mission at Broadway. Few men 
indeed have deserved better of his order and of religion 
generally. Appointed president of his brethren in 1826, his 
was a painful pre-eminence; but by his consummate tact 
and decision of character he saved Ampleforth College, on 
which the blessing of heaven visibly rests. This truly good 
&ther, after struggling most meekly with a tedious and severe 
illness, died at Broadway on 2nd August, 1837. A tablet 
in the Cheltenham Chapel commemorates his meritorious 
services. 

Bishop. — In a letter of the late Richard Rowe, Esq., I 
read that he was chaplain at Marnhull about the year 1773. 
Can this be the F. Henry Bishop, O.S.F., who departed this 
life at Baddesley on 19th June, 1811, set. eighty-six? 

Blount Henrt Joseph (Benedictine), O.S.B., son of 
Edward Blount, Esq., born in London 5th June, 1821 ; clothed 
by Dr. Brown, then Bishop-elect of Wales, 30th September, 
1840, at Downside, and professed there 11th November, 1841 ; 
ordained priest by Bishop Hendren 22nd September, 1849. 
After filling the offices of Master of Novices, Prdfect of Studies, 
and pastor of the Downside congregation, he was appointed the 
assistant priest of Cheltenham, at the chapter in July, 1854. 

Bolton (Anselm), John, O.S.B. — I suspect that this is 
the worthy monk who served Leighland, and Cannington 

* A French emimnt, T Abb^ Csesar, before this, ** had said Mass on 
Sundays and holidays, in a back room of a low public house,'* for the 
handful of Catholics there. At his death, 24th September, 1811, set. 
eighty, F. Birdsall had him decently buried in the parish ehurehyard. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEROT. 243 

also^ for a time previouB to his becoming chaplain to Lady 
Ann Fairfax^ at Ampleforth, where he closed his meritorious 
life on 20th December^ 1805. 

Bond. — ^A pious couple, William Vincent Bond and Nancy 
his wife, settled in St. Maugan's parish, near ColumVs, Corn- 
wall, have given many of their offspring to God's Church, viz. 

1. James Isidore,^ the sixth child but fourth son, born 
4th April, 1819; after studying for some time at Douay, 
Prior-park, and Oscott, he repaired to the English College at 
Rome, where he was ordained priest. After serving St. Chad's 
Cathedral, at Birmingham, for some time, he has been trans- 
ferred to the new church of Snow-hill, Wolverhampton. 

2. Joseph John Bond, S. J., the fourth child of his parents^ 
bom 27th October, 1814, left his home for Stonyhurst Col- 
lege 27th January, 1828. With his fellow-religious the Bev. 
James Ecdes, now the incumbent of Exeter, he received the 
order of subdeacon in the chapel of Tronchiemes, near Ghent, 
on 25th May ; of deacon, in the cathedral of Ghent, on 29th 
May ; and of priest, on Corpus Cbristi day, 8rd June, 1847, 
in the chapel aforesaid, at the hands of the Bight Bev. Louis 
Jacques Delebecque, Bishop of Ghent. F. Bond was attached 
to St. Walbiu'ge's Church, Preston. He removed, I am told, 
to the Isle of Man, and is now attached to the cathedral 
church of St. Nicholas, at Liverpool. 

8. Bond, William Petse, eldest brother of the foregoing, 
bom 1st August, 181 1 ; left home 7th January, 1824, for lasbon 
College, where he was ordained priest 29th March, 1835, and 
celebrated his first Mass on 4th of April. Swansea was his 
first mission, whence he removed to MamhuU, in 1839. In 
October, 1840, he succeeded F. Tilbury at Chidiock. This 
talented and asealous priest quitted 29th January, 1844^ to 
accompany Bishop Wilson to Van Diemen's Land. 

BoNOMi, John. — ^This amiable ecclesiastic was bom in Lon- 
don June 9th, 1816; partly educated at Prior-park; ordained 
there by Bishop Baines on Saturday in Whitsun-week (May 21), 
1842. During the space of nearly twenty years he acted as the 
accomplished Master of Ceremonies at the grand functions of 

* John Isidore Bond, S.J., the third son, bom 11th April, ISIT, 
admitted into the So>biety 7th September, 1839, died at Calcutta 
23rd March, 1844, before his promotion to priesthood. His bones were 
brought over, and interred at Stonyhurst, Ist March, 1847. 

Stephen Bond, the ninth child, born 24th Marcli, 1826, as well as his 
brother Vincent, the eleventh child, bom 8th July, 1828, have also con- 
secrated themselves to God in the Society of Jesus ; and four of their 
sisters have become nuM. 

R 2 



244 BIOOSAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLERGY. 

Bishops Baines, Baggs^ Ullathome^ Hendren^ and Bargesa, in 
the West. He is now servii^ the Monmouthshire mission. 

Booth, Charles, S.J. (brother to James, the eminent 
lawyer, father of the modem practice of conveyancing, and 
whose treatise on '' Real Actions " is in such repute with the 
legal profession), was the tutor of Henry, the eighth Lord 
Arundell. For several years before his death the venerable 
man lived entirely at Wardour, and there finished his earthhr 
course, at the age of ninety, on 11th May, 1797. His lord- 
ship did honour to his remains, by depositing them in his 
own family vault under his princely chapel. 

BosGRAVE, James, S.J., was bom at Goodmanston, Dorset, 
" of a very worshipful house and parentage,'' as F. Persons 
informs us. Whilst yet a youth, with the approval of his 
pious parents, he quitted England for Borne, where he studied 
a course of rhetoric and philosophy. He had entered the 
Society on 17th November, 1564, and was ordained priest at 
Olmutz in 1572. During twelve years Germany and Poland 
witnessed with delight and admiration his increasing fame as 
a professor of philosophy, of mathematics, of Hebrew and 
Greek. Declining health at Wilna induced his superiors to 
order his return to England, in the hope that his native air 
might renovate his constitution. His parents were still living; 
but he had hardly reached the British shores in the spring of 
1580, when he was apprehended and consigned to the Tower 
of London. His lengthened absence from England had caused 
him to foi^et his mother tongue. On 14th November, 1581, 
he was arraigned at the Queen's Bench, with F. Edmund Cam- 
pian and others, and on the 20th of that month was sentenced 
to the death of a traitor ; but in consequence of the powerful 
interest which Stephen (Battori), the learned and valiant king 
of Poland, manifested in his behalf. Queen Elizabeth con- 
sented not to dip her hands in his blood, and at length to 
discharge him from the Tower, on 21st June, 1585. Return- 
ing to Poland, the illustrious confessor finished a meritorious 
life by a saintly death, at Calizzi, 27th October, 1621, or, ac- 
cording to another account, 1623. " Septuagenario major." 
Q. What relation was he to Thomas Bosgrave, gentleman, 
who was taken at Chidiock Castle, 14th April, 1594, and 
executed for his religion, 4th July next ensuing, at Dorchester ? 

Boucher, Bichabd, S. J., bom 17th August, 1696 ; was 
admitted into the Society of Jesus on 7th September, 1713. 
For many years he was chaplain to the Chichesters at Arling- 
ton, and amongst them ended his ministry on 18th December, 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THS CLEROT. 245 

1760. Prom the parish registry I copied this entry : ^' 1760. 
Mr. Richard Bourchier was buried December 20th.^' 

BouRCHiSR^ William, S.J., elder brother of the pre- 
ceding, bom 14th July, 1682, was aggregated to the Society 
in 1700. For several years he lived at Aston Hall, in co. 
Stafford, a property then belonging to the Welds, afterwards 
he resided a Lullworth Castle. Ob. 28th September, 1757. 

BouoBNOMs, Louis, O.S.R., as he informed me himself, 
was bom at Liege 2nd March, 1816 ; was professed in the 
order of the Redemptorists 8th September, 1888; ordained 
priest on 24th May, 1840. He is connected with our 
Western District by having been the incumbent of Falmouth 
from 16th June, 1843, to 1st September, 1848, when he 
removed to Clapham. From the pubUc journals I now learn 
that he is zealously promoting the cause of religion in 
Ireland, as superior of his bretluren of Mount St. Alphonsus, 
Limerick. 

Bowes, alias Lane, Robert. — ^This man of God exercised 
for a considerable time the ministry at Hatherop, and 
there composed a volume of " Practical Reflections,'^ — ^the 
fruits of solid piety, and tender unction. Retiring to Bath, 
his useM life was crowned with a happy death on 17th 
December, 1735. 

BowRiNG, Charles Algernon (Alotsius), S.J., fifth and 

Emgest son of Sir John Bowring, Knight, of Exeter, by 
wife Maria (Lewin), was bom 19th March, 1828. At a 
suitable age he was sent to Trinity College, Cambridge, 
where he distinguished himself by his exemplary assiduity 
and proficiency. But whilst applauded by others for his 
successful exhibition of talents, he was little at ease within 
himself. Doubts about his Protestant religious opinions 
arose, — he felt dissatisfied, — he prayed Heaven to assist him, 
— he followed the guidance of the Star, which brought him 
to the Author of faith, and to the work of His visible 
church. Within a year after his conversion he received the 
special grace of vocation to the Society of Jesus, and 
promises to become a leading man in its English province. 

Bradshaw (Anselm), Bernard, O.S.B., succeeded Bishop 
York as missionary of Bath ; but died at Acton Bumell on 
9th August, 1774. I think he wa3 of Preston Heballs, 
CO. Salop, and that he was clothed at Lambspring on 28th 
March, 1723. He had a nephew, Anselm Bradshaw, clothed 
there 81st August, 1760, who died at Warrington 20th June, 



246 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OT THB CLBBOT* 

1799 ; and I think Basil also, clothed there on 24th June, 
1762, who died 12th April, 1770, 

Breoque, de LA. — ^This exemplary French abb^, after the 
French Revolution, took up his residence at Axminster. 
When his confrireB^ Messrs. le Blaise and le Marc, returned 
to France, after the treaty of Amiens, which was concluded 
on Lady-day, 1802, he undertook the pastoral charge of 
that little flock, and died there, universally esteemed, 
8rd February, 1819, act. sixty-six. 

Bbent, Henry, S. J., an eminent divine and good religious, 
was employed both at Stapehill and Wardour ; but for the 
last ten years of his life resided at Irnham Hall, co. Lincoln. 
His gravestone in the parish church is inscribed : — 

To the Memory of the Rev. 

Mr. Henry Brent, many years 

Chaplain to Lord and Lady Arundelly 

Who departed this life the 9th of 

January, 1784, aged 69. 

R. I. P. 

Brett (Gabriel), Robert, O.S.B., son of Sir Alexander 
Brett^ of Whitestaunton, co. Somerset, and nephew of his 
Grace the Most Bev. Dr. William Giffard,"^ the founder 
and first prior of St. Malo's English Benedictine convent. 
Under this superior the pious youth made such pro- 
gress in religious perfection, as to win the hearts of his 
brethren, and be thought worthy to govern that convent 
for twelve years. He died 12th August, 1605, »t. sixty-six. 

Brett, Robert, S.J., nephew, I suspect, of the last» 
mentioned prior, and of a most amiable and cheerful dispo- 
sition. He died at St. Omer's on 8rd November, 1678, 
having been enrolled amongst the professed fathers of the 
Four Vows three months only. 

Brewer, John, S.J., bom at Fishwick, near Preston, 
29th December, 1732 ; joined the order at the age of twenty. 
In June, 1764, he commenced his missionary career at 
Odstock, near Salisbury, thence was removed to Shepton 
Mallett, where he continued until carried off by apoplexy, 
1st September, 1797. His remains were deposited in 
St. Joseph's Chapel, Bristol, to which he had be^ a liberal 

* This iUustrious doctor was son of John Giflfard, Esq., by his wife 
Elizabeth (Throckmorton^ and was bom in 1565. Whilst prior at 
St. Malo's, Louis, cardinal archbishop of Rheims^the brother ox Henry, 
duke of Guise, obtained him for his coadjutor ^'cum jure snccessionis/' 
Oblit 11th April, 1629. 



BIOORAPfllCAIi LIST OF THE CLBBOT. 247 

benefactor. Shepton and Exeter missions shared also in his 
bounty. 

Brewer, Thomas, S. J., younger brother of the last-men- 
tioned, was bom 19th June, 1743. At the age of eighteen 
he was admitted into the Society. After serving Lydiate and 
Fazakerly, near Liverpool, he was sent to Bristol, where he 
ended his useful life on 18th April, 1787. 

Brewer (Bede), John, O.S.B. and D.D. — ^In page 56 of 
the first part I have treated of this brilliant ornament of the 
Benedictine Congregation, who died its president, at Woolston, 
near Liverpool, on 18th April, 1822, and was buried in Peel- 
street Chapel. This very learned and experienced religious 
edited, in 1774, the second edition of Hookers '^Religionis 
Naturalis et Bevelatse Principia,'' in three volumes, which 
he enriched with several dissertations. 

Briant, Alexander, S.J., of Somersetshire. — ^This able 
and zealous secular priest had vowed to embrace the Society 
of Jesus, and whilst a prisoner for the faith, God satisfied 
the desire of his heart. His letter, full of the heavenly 
spirit, addressed to his brethren of the Society, is given 
in Tanner's Lives, pp. 16, 17. From the hands of this 
man of God, the last consolations of religion were adminis- 
tered to Henry Persons, of Nether Stowey (father of the 
celebrated Robert Persons, S.J.), late in the year 1579. Of 
the excruciating tortures which this heroic priest had to 
sufler in the Tower before he consummated his martyrdom 
at l^bum, 1st December, 1581, aged twenty-eight, see 
iRishton's Diary, Challoner's faithfiol Memoirs, and F. More's 
History. 

Briant, Robert, S.J., of Somersetshire. — ^At the age of 
thirty-seven he joined the order, and in the following year 
was sent to the English mission. He was chiefly employed 
in the residence of St. Stanislaus, which then included the 
diocese of Exeter ; and there, I apprehend, he finished his 
career of earthly labours on 29th March, 1658, set. seventy. 

Bridgewater, John, of an ancient fisonily in Somerset- 
shire. In Bishop Veysey's Register, vol. i. fol. 136, I 
discover, that on the presentation of King Edward YI., he 
was admitted to the Uving of St. Blase and St. Austle, in 
Cornwall, on 2nd April, 1550. In the reigns of Queens 
Mary and Elizabeth many ecclesiastical preferments were 
showered upon him ; but, in obedience to the voice of con- 
science, he abandoned them all in 1574. He was still living, 
twenty years later^ at Treves, where he published an enlarged 



248 BIOOaAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLCRGT. 

edition of F. John GKbbon's '' Concertatio Ecdesiffi Catholiae 
in AngliA." CoUinson (" History of Somerset," vol. ii. p. 40) 
admits that ^' he was held in general esteem, as a sensible 
ecclesiastic/' That he was admitted a member of die 
Jesnits at Treves, appears more probable ; but the date of 
such admission, and even of his death, have eluded hitherto 
all investigation. 

Brigham, Henry, S.J., born in Manchester 28rd June, 
1796; studied with distinction at Stonyhurst, and at the age 
of seventeen entered the society: was ordained priest at 
Maynooth on 1st June, 1821. This very polite scholar twice 
filled the oflSce of Prefect of Studies. Hereford, Preston, 
Bury St. Edmunds, Pontefract, Oxford, and London, have 
had the benefit of his missionary zeal, and have admired his 
pulpit eloquence, since 23rd December, 1854. The new 
church of Teignmouth was privileged to possess him for its 
pastor, till, on 28th February of this year, 1856, he was 
removed to Ugbrooke, vice F. Charles Lomax, transferred to 
Teignmouth. 

Brindle (Basil), John, O.S.B., bom at Clayton, near 
Chorley, 80th December, 1746 ; went to St. Gregory's Con- 
vent, Douay, 28th April, 1761. For several years this amiable 
religious was stationed at Lanheme, where he was respected 
and esteemed by all parties. He left, before the Theresian 
nuns, iu August, 1794, were put in possession of Lanheme 
House, to succeed to the mission of Bonham, but from which 
he retired 7th September, 1801, from ill health, and even- 
tually settled himself down with his brother at Claybrook. 
Dying of dropsy on 8th December, 1802, he was buried on 
the south side of Walton churchyard, near Preston, His 
tombstone bears his simple initials, J. B. 

Brindle, Ralph, bom 6th January, 1814, and nephew to 
the Eev. Dr. Brindle, studied at Prior-park, where he was 
ordained priest by Bishop Baines on 14th March, 1840, and 
said his first Mass on St. Joseph's feast, five days later. 
For ten years he served Upton, in Dorsetshire, but left it for 
Tawstock on 8th February, 1850. Religion must ever be 
indebted to him for his personal sacrifices and indefatigable 
exertions in completing and opening the church of Barn- 
staple on 26th October, 1855. It had been consecrated on 
Wednesday, the preceding day, with imposing solemnity. 
At the formation of the Plymouth chapter this exemplary 
priest was nominated a member. 

Brindle, Thomas, D.D., bom at Walton 18th December, 
1791 ; studied at Ampleforth, where he took the Benedictine 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBBOT. 240 

hMt, and was professed, with Mr. Metcalf, 25th October, 
1811 ; was ordained a priest in September, 1815, and two 
years later was appointed by the chapter assistant to Dr. 
Baines, of the same order, to their Benedictine mission of 
Bath. On the death of Bishop CoUingridge, which occurred 
at Cannington on Srd March, 1829, being notified to his 
coadjutor Dr. Baines, then at Borne, his lordship, as successor 
to the Western Yicariat, appointed Dr. Brindle to be the 
administrator of the diocese and grand vicar until he could 
return home. His lordship further obtained for him letters 
of secularization, and in the summer of 1830 made him 
regent of his newly-established college at Prior-park, with 
the history of which his name must be for ever identified. In 
November, 1849, Dr. Booker succeeded him as regent. He 
is now (1856) a Monsignore, and Provost and Yicar-general 
of the diocese of Clifton. 

Brittain, Lewis, O.S.D. and S.T.P. — ^This distinguished 
religious was bom near Chester, and at the age of sixteen 
was reconciled, with his brother William, to the Catholic 
Church. Two years later Lewis passed over to France, to 
perfect himself in the French language. Falling in with an 
exemplary priest in Picardy, his mind became luisorbed with 
heavenly desires; and at length, at the age of twenty-three, 
he devoted himself to God in the order of St. Dominic. For 
many vears he taught at Bomhem with the highest reputa- 
tion; but before the commencement of the French Revolu- 
tion he accepted the office of director of the English Domi- 
nicanesses at Brussels, an office that he retained until his 
death, t . e. for the space of thirty-six years and nine months. 
When the French army was daily expected at Brussels, this 
experienced counsellor, faithful Mend, and afiEectionate father, 
escorted his dear community from their convent of the 
Rosary on 22nd June, 1794, conducted them safely to Eng- 
land, saw them comfortably settled at Harpury Court, and 
ended his days amongst them on Srd May, 1827, set. eighty- 
three, rel. sixty. He had served the office of provincial of 
his brethren firom 1814 to 1818. The works of this gifted 
scholar and divine are well known and appreciated. 

B&ooKE, Charles, S.J., son of James and Sarah Brooke,^ 
bom in the Second Back-lane, Exeter, 8th August, 1777. 
Naturally he was of a strong constitution ; but, as his mother 
told me, in consequence of three successive fiedls, through the 

• They were married at Arlington on 27th November, 1766. The 
elder brother, James Henry, bom 26th May* 1771 9 is still living, at 
Clapham Rise. Their father died 27th July, 1783. 



250 BIOOIUPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEROT. 

careleBsness of his narse, lie became feeble and attenuated: 
By the charity of his patron^ the Bev. Joseph Reeve, of 
Ugbrooke, he was admitted into the Academy of Idege on 
16th July, 1788. For his age, he was already tolerably 
advanced under the instructions of Mr. Laurence Halloran 
and the Bev. Joseph Bretland. Of the latter I have heard 
him speak in terms of high commendation. At Liege he was 
placed under the Bev. John Laurenson, and distinguished 
himself amongst his fellow-students by his piety and diligence. 
After passing with credit the course of humanities and phi- 
losophy, his assiduous attention to divinity was interrupted 
by the successes of the French republican forces, and at 
length he had to share in the miseries of the emigration in 
the summer of 1794, and was amongst the earliest of the 
arrivals at Stonyhurst on 29th August that year. To the 
organization of the collegiate course of studies all must admit 
that he rendered very important service by his classic taste, 
discrimination, and judgment; and several of his pupils — 
Shiel amongst the rest— did honour to his tuition ; yet per- 
haps he was too fastidious, too wasteful of time in pondering 
the minuiue of criticism. 

After a splendid defension of the whole course of theology, 
he was promoted* to the priesthood at Maynooth by Arch- 
bishop Troy, on 12th June, 1802, and on 26th September of 
the following year consecrated himself to his Ood in the 
revived Society of Jesus. On 8th September, 1818, he was 
numbered amongst its professed fathers. 

To the Enfield mission he had been appointed in 1817, and 
there he opened its present chapel on 11th July, 1819; but 
on 15th t^ebruary, 1826, he was called from the missionary life 
to fill the office of provincial for six years, and at an eventful 
period. At the expiration of his government, he rendered 
invaluable aid to the seminary as well as to the college, as 
spiritual father and director of studies. 

The last seven years of his life he spent in his native city. 
Whilst on a visit to me in the autumn of 1845 (he had arrived 
on 10th September), for the benefit of his health, he received 
a letter from the provincial, F. Lythgoe, dated Lincoln, 18th 
October that year, commencing thus: ''My wish is, after 
having taken counsel from those whom it is my duty to con- 
sult, that you should collect and arrange the materials which 
may serve for a continuation of the history of the province, 
where the history written by F. More stops. It is thought, 
and I believe with reason, that you will be able to do this 
better at Exeter, assisted by Dr. Oliver, than in any other 
place. My wish, therefore, is, that you should take the house 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLCROT, 251 

uext to him. Whatever is necessary to make it comfortable 
shall be furnished to you. I should have stated all this 
before to your reverence^ had I not thought it expedient to 
mention my intention first to F. Oeneral, in order that if his 
paternity had any views with respect to your reverence which 
would be incompatible with your proposed office, he might 
state them. 

" I feel, and so do others, that no one is so capable as your 
reverence, assisted by Dr. Oliver, to perform this most im^ 
portant task, and that if the work be not performed now, much 
valuable information, known to yourself and Dr. Oliver, will 
be lost. I trust that your reverence's zeal for the public 
good will therefore lead you to undertake this important duty 
with cheerfulness and energy. Dr. O. has nearly finishea 
his Monasticon, and will therefore, I hope, be at liberty to 
co-operate with you. I beg mv kind regards to him.'' 

I wrote back that " I should be a willing pioneer in the 
service;" but what progress my learned friend made in his 
history I could never ascertain. He took possession of the 
adjoining house on 5th November, 1845, and continued his 
reserve and seclusion until his death, 6th October, 1852, 
expiring in the very room wherein his good mother had died 
in my arms on 18th July, 1828, set. ninety-four. He was 
buried over her, behind St. Nicholas's Chapel. Eight priests 
assisted at his dirge, and the first High Mass sung at Exeter 
since the Reformation was celebrated at hi» obsequies on 
11th October. R. I. P. 

Brooke, Leonard, S. J., bom in Maryland, 14th January, 
1750; at the age of nineteen he entered the Novitiate; for 
some years was chaplain at Slindon; but spent the greater 
part of his missionary life at LuUworth, where he was much 
admired as a catechist. Dying 7th July, 1813, his remains 
were deposited in the vault of the Weld family, with this 
epitaph from the hand of his cof^hre F. Charles Flowden. 



A. ^ O. 



H. S. E. 

Leonardus Brooke olim 

Soc. Jesu AIumnuB : annos aroplins xx« 

Hujos Sacr8e iBdis Sacerdos et 

Gustos^ cui locum sepultursB inter 

Suos dedit Thomas Weld 

Pietatis causft. Deceasit Non. Julii 

An. Mocccxiii. 

R. I. P. 

Brooke, Thomas, was bom in Exeter, of Protestant pa* 
rents, and baptized at St. Edmund's Church 14th May, 1727. 



352 BIOOBAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBBOT. 

The father becoming a Catholic, though subsequently he 
gave up the practice of his religion, young Thomas was sent 
to the English College at Lisbon, where he qualified himself 
for the priesthood; and is said to have been nominated a 
chaplain to the queen of Portugal. He was in the college 
when the frightful earthquake, on Ist November, 1765, 
spread consternation and ruin in the city. All his commu- 
nity escaped with their lives, with the exception of the presi- 
dent, Mr. Manley, whose body could not be extricated from 
the mass of stone and timber until three days after the 
mournful catastrophe. The Bev. Thomas Brooke never 
recovered from the calamitous shock, and, as I find by a 
mourning ring, died 3rd May, 1756, set. 29. 

Brown (Joseph), Thomas, Right Rbv., S.T.P., O.S.B. — 
Of this luminary of the Benedictine congregation and orna- 
ment of the episcopal order, a volume might be written. 
I must leave it to posterity to do justice to his merits; mine 
is the humble task to record a few facts connected with his 
biography. 

He was bom in the city of Bath on 2nd May, 1798 ; and 
made his studies at Acton Bumell, where, in 1813, he took 
the Benedictine habit. Both there and at Downside he pur- 
sued his studies with such assiduity and success, as soon to 
be qualified to take the chair of philosophy, and not long after 
of divinity. As early as 1826 he published an able letter 
addressed to Archdeacon Daubeny, prebendary of Sarum, 
exposing his misrepresentations of the Eucharist (8vo. London, 
pp. 45). On 18th July, 1884, he was appointed prior of 
Downside, and six days later was awarded by the president 
the title and insignia of D.D.* When Pope Gregory XVI., 
by his brief, dated 3rd July, 1840, doubled the number of 
English vicars-apostolic, the Western Yicariat was divided 
into two; and Dr. Brown, then prior of Downside, was 
selected to govern the whole of North and South Wales, 
with the counties of Monmouth and Hereford attached. 
His consecration to this see, by the title of Bishop of Apollonia, 
in the archdiocese of Thessalonica;, was solemnly performed 
on 28th October, 1840, in St. John's Chapel, Bath, by 
Bishop Griffiths, assisted by Bishops Wareing and Collier, 
and on that occasion Bishop Wiseman delivered a most 
appropriate address. Whilst all friends of religion hailed 

* This was done, in consequence of the privilege granted hy Pope 
Pius Vll.. on Ist June, 1823, to the president of the English monks, of 
creating tnree of his subjects, who had taught a coarse of theology, 
Doctors of Divinity. 



BIOOIUPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 253 

this happy choice, he might well say, '' Ostium mihimagnam 
apertum est et eyidens, et adversarii multi" (1 Cor. xvi. 9), 
but could add with the same apostle, '^ Omnia possum in 
Eo qui me confortat'' (Phil, iv, 13). Heaven manifestly 
blessed and prospered his apostolical exertions. And yet, after 
having done so much, and deserved so well of North Wales 
during ten years, it must have been an acute trial, when, at 
Michaelmas, 1850, the hierarchy was established, to submit 
to the amputation of that lai^ member from his diocese. 
But I know from his own letters how meekly, how dis- 
interestedly he acquiesced in the sacrifice, comforting himself 
with the hope, that what he lost in temporal resources might 
be indemnified by the gain to religion. 

The pen and the eloquent tongue of this scholar and divine 
have always been at the command of faith and of charity. 
Who has not read with admiration his vindication of CathoUc 
truth against Messrs. Batcheller and Newenham in 1833 ? 
his exposure of the ingenious devices of M'Ghee in 1838? and 
his triumphant controversy with the Rev. Joseph Baylee, of 
Birkenhead, in 1851 ? To this friendly prelate of Menevia 
I may apply the words of St. Jerome to St. Augustine 
(Epist. 57), ''Macte virtute: in Urbe celebraris. Catholici 
te conditorem antiquae rursum Fidei venerantur atque suspi- 
ciunt ; et quod signum majoris gloriae est, omnes Hseretici 
detestantur.'' 

Brownbill, James, S.J., bom at Gillmoss, co. Lancashire, 
on 31st July, 1798; studied at Stonyhurst, and on 7th Sep- 
tember, 1815, followed the example of his saintly brothers 
Thomas and Francis, by enlisting under the standard of 
St. Ignatius. James, after teaching humanities and fiUing 
the office of prefect, was ordained priest at Stonyhurst by 
Bishop Penswick, on 30th July, 1829, and the next day, his 
birthday and the feast of his holy founder, celebrated his 
first Mass. Quitting the college, where he had endeared 
himself to all who came under his charge, he reached 
Ugbrooke, to succeed F. James Laurenson, on 27th November, 
1830. To his great comfort and joy, he removed from the 
great house to the convenient presbyt^re formed for him at 
Ashwell, on Wednesday, 26th June, 1832. In the Appendix 
to the first part of this compilation I have inserted the part- 
ing address of his attached fiock on Sunday, 27th September, 
1^5, when his patron sternly insisted on their separation. 

By his immediate superiors he was duly honoured on his 
return to the college. After filling the office of its rector 
from 26th May, 1836, till 3rd June, 1839, then supplying 



254 BIOOIIAFHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

the place of its minister for a twelTemomtli, and for another 
year the.incumbency of the Bedford mission, near Leigh, in 
his native county, he was appointed rector of the establish- 
ment in London. Here, during the space of fourteen years, 
he laboured like an apostle, becoming all to all. In con- 
sequence of impaired health, he has been released from that 
arduous charge since 25th August, 1855, and has been 
transferred to the comparatively easy mission at Bury St. 
Edmunds. 

Bruning, Francis, O.S.B., was professed at Lambspring 
Ist May, 1699 ; succeeded F. Bannister as the incumbent of 
Bath, and served that Benedictine mission for six years. 
Ob. 18th August, 1748. 

Bruning, Thomas, O.S.B., a native of the diocese of 
Exeter. All that I can glean of him besides is, that after 
five years' service at Bonham, he died there on 6th August, 
1719. 

Brushtord, John, of the diocese of Exeter, arrived at 
Bome 14th June, 1581. Towards the end of chapter X. of 
first part, p. 99, I have mentioned him as a priest on the 
Plains of Salisbury, anno 1594; after which he eludes my 
researches (vol. III. of Canon Tiemey's Dodd, p. 137). 

BucKLAND, Ralph, of Somersetshire. — After his conver* 
uon he renounced a plentiftil estate to follow Christ. His 
seal for the salvation of souls obtained for him the honour, 
like St. Paul, of being the " Vinctus Christi Jesu.^' — (Ep. ad 
Philem.) He was one of the forty-seven priests sent from 
different jails in 1606 into perpetual banishment, and sur- 
vived five years. 

Buckle, William. — ^This reverend gentleman was bom at 
Stinchcombe, co. Gloucester, on 5th July, 1826; sent to 
Winchester school in July, 1848 ; matriculated at Oxford in 
March, 1845; was received into the Catholic Church at Oscott 
on 7th February, 1847; went to Home in September following, 
where he was admitted to minor orders 19th March, 1848 ; 
to sub-deaconship, 8rd March, 1849. Quitting then the 
Eternal City, he was promoted to deaconship at Ushaw 
College on 18th September, 1852, and finally to priesthood 
on 21st May, 1858. B^tuming to his native diocese. Bishop 
Burgess appointed him to St. Mary's Chapel, Montpelier, 
Bath, which situation he resigned to become secretary to 
Dr. Yaughan, who was installed bishop of Plymouth on 
25th September, 1855. I may truly say of him, in the 
words of Cicero, de Amicitia, ^'Bonam spem pnelucet in 



BIOOKAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLBRGT. 255 

posteram." What a comfort it must have been to him to 
behold his parents and sister admitted into the one fold of 
the one Shepherd!— (See '' Directory'' of 1849, p. 177.) Since 
writing the above, the reverend gentleman has been trans- 
ferred to Lyme Regis, vice Bonn. 

BuNN, Joseph Walstan* (son of Francis and Mary 
Bunn, olim Conolly), bom at Cossey, near Yarmoath, 11th 
December, 1823 ;t educated at Oscott, where he was pro- 
moted to priesthood in the Ember Week of Lent, 1847. 
After unceasing exertions of zeal in the metropolis, his 
health became so impaired, that the faculty urged the 
expediency of the sea-side. Cardinal Wiseman and Arch- 
bishop Errington, who appreciated his merits at Oscott, have 
stationed him at Lyme since 7th July, 1855, vice Rev. James 
Conolly. I am happy in the belief that the change has 
proved beneficial to his valuable health. On 25th April, 
1856, he left for Poole to succeed Canon WooUett. 

BuROEss, Thomas, Right Rev., D.D., bom 1st October, 
1791, in CO. Lancashire; was nephew to that holy monk the 
Rev. James Burgess, who died at Myddelton Lodge on 
22nd August, 1837, set. seventy, after being forty years 
chaplain to the Middelton family. La early life Thomas 
devoted himself to his Creator in the order of St. Benedict, 
and was professed at Ampleforth, with Dr. Rooker, on 13th 
October, 1807, where he received his education. His solid 
virtues and urbanity of manners won for him the love and 
confidence of his religious brethren, insomuch that he was 
elected prior in July, 1818. Whilst still holding that office, 
in the spring of 1830, he was over-persuaded, with Dr. Rooker 
and F. Edward Mecalfe, that they would do a better thing to 
forsake their first love, or vocation to the Benedictine oider, 
obtain their secularization, and concentrate their talents, and 
energies, and influence, in raising up a new collegiate 
establishment at Prior-park. Their abrupt withdrawal, as 
weU as of several students, excited alarm, and threatened 
shipwreck to Ampleforth; but, like a gallant vessel, she 
righted again, and most prosperously % continues her course. 

* Walstan was a saint from his cradle, and died in the vicinity of 
Cossey on 20th May, 1016. 

t Dr. HusenbetH, the missionary of St. Ausnstine's, of Canterhnry, 
baptized the infant on the dav of his birth. Walstan Francis Xavier 
Joseph was the name assameA on his becoming a Passionist. 

X In the autumn of 1855 Ampleforth could count seventy-two stu- 
dents, eight professors, and besides nine others who had taken their 
solemn vows, two novices, and two lay brothers. A new coUegiate 
church, 100 feet in length, was in course of erection ; and the fathers 



266 BIOGBAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

After staying some time at Prior-park^ Bishop Baines trans, 
ferred him to Cannington^ and after fifteen months' sendee 
there^ appointed him to the charge of Portland chapel, dedi- 
cated to St. Augustine, near Queen Street, Bath, which he 
opened on 26th May, 1832; and finally ordered him to 
Monmouth, where his peaceftd virtues made him esteemed 
and beloved. On the resignation of the Right Bev. Dr. Hen- 
dren, the first bishop of the new see of Clifton, Dr. Burgess 
was selected to succeed him, and was consecrated 27th July, 
1851. Superhuman were the efforts of this prelate to rescue 
Prior-park from its overwhelming incumbrances. After a 
very short illness, this amiable bishop sunk in the arms of 
death at Westbury-on-Trym, 27th November, 1854. " Now 
to his ashes honour; peace be with him." 

Well might the administrator of the diocese of Clifton, 
Archbishop Errington, in his Pastoral of 30th January, 
1856, announcing the dissolution of the college at Prior- 
park, observe to the public, that ''the late bishop fell a 
victim to the burden he had undertaken, and that his 
exertions to save it had been imceasing." 

Burke, John. — This native of Tipperary was educated in 
St. John's College, Waterford. Bishop Collingridge em- 
ployed him at St. Joseph's, Trenchard Street, Bristol, after 
the departure of the Rev. John Williams, in May, 1823; 
but in the spring of 1825 he was transferred to Oloucester, 
where he remained about two years, when he was removed 
to Usk, where, in 1831, " ashamed of the testimony of our 
Lord, and rejecting a good conscience, he made shipwreck of 
the faith '' in 1831, and winged his flight to America. After 
this fall, he vanishes from my research. 

Butler, alias Beret, O.S.B., was the resident priest at 
Hartpury Court in 1769; but how long before, I cannot 
ascertain. Is this the F. Jerome Berry who died at Cowley 
Hill 4th October, 1786? 

Butler, Thomas, D.D., born at Limerick in 1800. — Of 
this ex-Dominican — this renegade and impugner of the 
known truth — I have treated at length under Weymouth, in 
the fifth chapter of part first. May Ood give him repent- 
ance, and may the unfortunate man recover himself firom 
the snares of the devil, by whom he is held captive I 
(2 Tim. ii. 25, 26.) 

BuTTERFiELD, James, r vcry difierent character firom the 

had puTchaaed an excellent farm of 100 acres in Byland Abbey, three 
miles distant. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEKOY. 257 

laat-mentioned, bom at Waterford^ was educated at Carlow and 
Rome. Full of the ecclesiastical spirit^ he accepted the mission 
of Salisbury in the spring of 1831 ; but in August, 1838| 
was translated to Swansea, where, in the full vigour of youth, 
he was carried oflf by fever, on 2nd April, 1885, deservedly 
lamented. By his own desire his remains were conveyed to 
Waterford. 

Byfleet, John, O.S.B. — I meet with three of this 
surname. The two first, John, O.S.B., died at Stourton, — 
the senior in 1652, the junior on 29th August, 1700. The 
third, William, who often passed by the name of Gildon. 
In the list of Popish Becusants in Dorset in 1718, " Gent.*' 
is aflSxed to his name, and an income of £38 per annum is 
attributed to him. I suspect that he was a secular priest. 
The following particulars I learnt from the mouth of that 
veracious gentleman the late Thomas Taunton, Esq., who 
was bom at Veers Wootton, near Bridport, on 9th June, 
1745, and died at Axminster 17th March, 1828: ''I was 
baptized by the Rev. William Byfleet, who had succeeded 
Mr. Higgs as missionary at Chidiock. When he took 
possession, in the reign of William III., Mr. Byfleet found 
most of his flock immured in Dorchester jail for refusing 
to take the oaths. He frequently visited them, and occa- 
sionally managed even to say Mass for them. At the age of 
one hundred the venerable man submitted to the amputation 
of a leg, and what is remarkable, survived the operation for 
three years. Retiring to Stourton, or rather Bonham, he 
died on 19th October, 1846, the year after baptizing me." 

Byrne, Andrew, bom in Newland, co. Kildare, in 
November, 1798 ; was educated at Carlow and at Rome, where 
he was ordained priest 29th June, 1830. He then served 
Spetisbury for nearly three years. In November, 1833, 
he succeeded FAbb^ Chanteloup at Taunton, and after one 
year's residence there returned to Spetisbury, which after some 
time he left for his native country. He often wields bis 
pen in defence of religion. 



Caestrtck (Benedict), Charles, O.S.D., was by birth a 
Flandrian. At the emigration from Bomhem, he was 
appointed to the Leicester mission, where he exhibited the 
genuine spirit of seal and charity which characterized his 
sainted founder. On the death of F. Adamson at Hartpury 
Court, in 1831, he succeeded him on 4th June of that year; 



258 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLEBOY. 

and when the Dominicanesses had to quit that mansion on 
19th September, 1839, after an occupation of forty-five 
years, this firiendly and venerable father accompanied them 
to their new convent of the Rosary, at Atherstone. He 
remained with them until he had seen them comfortably 
settled; and then retired to Hinckley, where he surren- 
dered his pious soul into the hands of the God he had so 
faithfully served from his youth upwards to the age of eighty- 
four, on Sunday, 2nd June, 1844. On the following 
Wednesday his precious remains were deposited in St. Peter's 
conventual Church. 

At Woodchester I saw a pleasing etching of the portrait 
of this apostolic man. 

Calderbank, James, O.S.B. — This zealous religious, after 
serving Weston, came to Bath, vice Birdsall, as assistant to 
P. Ainsworth, on whose death he succeeded to the chief 
pastorship 5th February, 1814. P. Calderbank's "Series of 
Letters in Answer to Questions proposed by a Clergyman 
of the Established Church'' (8vo. pp. 236. 1814), for per- 
spicuity, good sense, and moderation, do credit to his heart 
and understanding. After presiding over the Bath mission 
for three years, he retired to Liverpool, where he died 9th 
April, 1821. 

Calderbank, Leonard, nephew to the preceding, was 
bom at Standish, near Wigan, Brd June, 1809 ; he studied 
at Rome, and was there ordained priest by dispensa- 
tion, 11th November, 1832. He made his d^btU on the 
mission at Trelawny on Ist November, 183S, and left it for 
Tawstock 10th June, 1835; but on 20th September, the 
same year, made way for Dr. Crowe, and proceeded to 
Weobly, co. Hereford, where he opened St. Thomas's Chapel 
on 15th October, 1835; afterwards he was despatched to the 
Welsh mission, thence to Poole, then to Cannington; but 
on 18th January, 1840, was ordered to Spetisbury Convent, 
where he found rest for nine years and nearly eight months. 
On 9th November, 1849, he was called away from that 
peaceftd abode. It was a painful separation; but he sub- 
mitted in the spirit of obedience, and on reaching Prior-park 
was appointed, pro tempore, Vice-President, and also to 
teach a theological class. This experiment continued until 
9th October, 1850^ when he was put in charge of the 
Gloucester mission. 

Camfian, Bichard, S.J., of a respectable family in Here- 
fordshire. He joined the order at the age of twenty-two ; 
for thirty-six years he laboured in the English vineyard. 



BIOOKAFHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 269 

twenty-four of which period were spent in these western 
parts. He was called np to receive his retribution on 9th 
July, 1677, set. seventy-two. 

Carey, James, was bom in the parish of Kinnetty, in the 
diocese of Killaloe, on 25th February, 1815. In 1841 he 
volunteered for the Madras mission, went to India, and 
finished his ecclesiastical studies in the seminary of that 
place. He was afterwards ordained Priest, on 11th March, 
1843, by the Bight Bev. Dr. Fennelly, bishop of Costoria, 
and Vicar-Apostolic of Madras. In 1853 he returned to 
Europe in consequence of ill-health, which being somewhat 
restored, he went, in June, 1854, to Plymouth, where he 
was received by the Bight Bev. Dr. Errington, on the 
recommendation of his Grace the Most Bev. Dr. Cullen, 
archbishop of Dublin, to whom Mr. Carey had been specially 
recommended by Bishop Fennelly. On 15th July, 1854, he 
received charge of the Falmouth mission. His immediate 
predecessor was the Bev. Tiberius Sodorini. 

Carpenter, Hermenegild, S.J., a native of France, but 
aggregated in early, life to the English province. He had 
been employed in the missions of Bnnn and Liverpool, before 
he was stationed at Stapehill, in Dorsetshire. At length, 
retiring to Bury St. Edmund's, he passed to eternal rest on 
12th April, 1770, set. sixty-seven, rel. forty-nine, professed 
of Four Vows thirty-one. 

Carr, James, bom at Preston 4th Jime, 1795, was 
educated at Stonyhurst ; he was admitted into the Society, 
and was ordained one of its priests, and had served the Nor- 
wich and Worcester missions, when he was sent to Wardour. 
He arrived there in March, 1832, but not giving satisfaction, 
quitted on 20th June that year. He has long since left the 
Society, but is still living. 

Carroll, Anthont, S. J., bom in Ireland 10th September, 
1722; began his noviceship in 1744, and in 1762 was en- 
rolled amongst the professed Fathers. Shortly after receiving 
priesthood at Liege, in 1754, he exercised his zeal and 
talents at Shepton Mallett, Exeter, and other places. In 
1776 he published at London, a translation of Bourdaloue's 
Sermons, under the title of "Practical Divinity,'* in four 
vols. 8vo. 

The end of this good old man was tragical. By the 
'' Gentleman's Magaadne '' of 1794, p. 1055, it may be seen 
that he was knocked down and robbed in Red lion Court, 
Fleet Street, London, on 5th September of that year, and 

s 2 



260 BIOORAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEB6T. 

was conveyed speechless to St. Bartholomew's Hospital, where 
he died at five o'clock on the following morning. 

I am credibly informed that he was cousin to F. John 
Carroll, S.J., founder of episcopacy in the United States, 
consecrated in Lullworth Chapel 15th August, 1790, and 
who died archbishop of Baltimore on Sunday, 3rd December, 
1815, set. eighty. 

Carroll, Michael, bom in co. Tipperary, 1808; he 
received his education, for the most part, at Maynooth ; but 
was promoted to the priesthood at Prior-park on 16th 
November, 1838, and on 15th December next ensuing was 
placed at Follaton. Thence, on 25th January, 1845, he 
was transferred to Stonehouse as assistant, vice Bampton, to 
F. Henry Riley: three years later he was despatched to Olou- 
cester; after a twelvemonth, to Falmouth; and thence to 
Tiverton, in May, 1851, where he had to eke out a sub- 
sistence from the impoverished funds of Mr. Moutier's 
noble endowment. After struggling with poverty and a 
most lingering illness, during which ordeal he experienced 
the generous consideration and attentions of Joseph Chi- 
chester Nagle, of Calverleigh, Esq., this worthy man died 
on the morning of 7th September, 1856, and was interred 
on the 11th in the chapel-yard. 

Cartll, Charles, S.J., died the incumbent of Stapehill, 
12th June, 1745, aet. sixty, Soc. forty-one. A gravestone 
in the nave of the parish church (Ham-Preston) is thus 
inscribed : — 

" Here lyeth the body of Mr. Charles Caryll, S.J., who died the 12th 
day of Jane, 1745." 

Cartll, Richard, S.J., brother, I think, to Charles 
Caryll, and his successor at Stapehill. There he died 18th 
February, 1750, O.S., aet. fifty-three, and was buried also in 
Ham-Pi^ton Church. He had previously been stationed at 
Bonham. 

Q. Were not these Jesuits members of the respectable 
family of Caryll, of East Grinstead, Sussex? In looldng 
over the chapter-books of the EngUsh Franciscan province^ 
I find that Edward Caryll, Esq., founded a mission for them 
at the cost of jei,300 (15th July, 1758, p. 352) ; but fixed 
{inter alia) the following obligation of Masses : — 

For his &ther, John Caryll, 24th April; for his mother, 
Elisabeth Caryll, 2nd November,* for Catherine his wife. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CL£B6Y» 261 

7th January ; Nathaniel Pigott, 15th Pehruary ; John Caryll, 
jun., 17th April; Henry CaryD, 11th February; Richard 
CaryU, 10th February ; Ralph Pigott, 9th January. 

Casemore^ William Ignatius^ O.S.F.^ bom at Reading- 
ISth September^ 1751^ after making his first studies 
amongst the Jesuits^ embraced the holy rule of St. Francis. 
He had been employed in several parts of the English vine- 
jbtA, before he tendered his services to Bishop Sharrock^ 
V.A. of the Western District, who sent him, in January, 
1805, to Falmouth as its first incumbent. Here he cond- 
nued for thirteen years and a half, when declining health 
occasioned his retirement to the Convent of Poor Clares, at 
Coxside, Plymouth, where he died, 29th November, 1824, 
and was buried in their cemetery. 

Cary, Edward. — Judging from the family pedigree, I 
infer that he was the third son of G-eorge Cary, of Cockington, 
Esq., by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Sey- 
mour, of Berry Poraeroy, Bart. During the civil wars, 
Edward, like his elder brother Sir Henry Cary, Knight, 
served as an officer in the royal army. When the King's 
cause became desperate, he embraced the ecclesiastical state, 
and became a missionary. At the accession of King James 
II., he was appointed chaplain-general to his Majesty's 
Catholic forces, and after the Revolution was employed in 
confidential negotiations with the friends of legitimate 
monarchy. He died in 1711, and according to Dodd was 
author of the '^ Catechist catechized concerning the Oath of 
Allegiance,'* 1681, in 12mo., under the name of Adolphus 
Brontius. 

Cary, Francis, S.J. — In the Provincial Catalogue he is 
described as having been bom in Devonshire in 1610 ; but 
from the Cary pedigree I can learn nothing to throw 
further light upon him. That he joined the Society at the 
age of thirty-seven is certain. Perhaps he was then in 
priest's orders. Having taught philosophy at Liege for some 
time, he returned to England, and died in the London 
mission 19th June, 1655. 

Caset, William, bom in Tipperary, a.d. 1800. — He was 
educated in St. John's College, Waterford, and there was 
ordained at the age of twenty-four; he succeeded I'Abbd 
Dessaux at MamhaQ, and on 8rd July, 1832, had the honour 
and comfort, after much anxiety, to open his beautiful chapel 
there. On Friday^ April 6th^ 1839, he left for a time to 



262 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLSRGY. 

supply at Tawstock; but returned to Mamhull ISth May, 
1840, to the joy of his attached congregation. 

Cass, Patrick, educated at All-Hallow's College, Dublin, 
.was ordained at Maynooth, 24th June, 1852, and sent to 
Plymouth as an assistant priest at St. Mary's under the 
training of Bishop Errington. At the end of a twelvemonth 
he was transferred to Bridport. 

Catrow, Charles, educated at Donay College. One who 
knew him well describes him as '^ a gentleman of much good 
sense, good temper, and merit.'' He is connected with the 
west by holding the situation of director to the Augustinian 
Nuns at Spetisbury, where, " having adorned the doctrine of 
God our Saviour in all things" (Titus ii. 10), he meekly 
resigned his soul into the handis of lus Maker on 12th March, 
1804, aged fifty-one. His friend the Rev. Ralph South- 
worth has inscribed the following verses on his tomb : — 

** For thee, the Virgin wand'ring in this grove, 
Sacred to solitude and heav'n-bom love, 
With mournful looks shall view th' azure sky. 
The tender tear still trembling in her eye, 
And as she sighs, a vow to heav'n shall send, 
* Peace to my guide, my father, and my friend.' " 

Chanteloup, Piebre, a very worthy French ecclesiastic. 
In the historical part I have mentioned his acceptance of 
the incumbency of Taunton in 1830 ; but at the end of three 
years he retired from all pastoral duty to prepare himself 
for eternity, into which he very suddenly entered, a few 
months later, in his native country. He left the English 
mission early in November, 1833; but I cannot ascertain 
precisely the date of his death. 

Cheadsey, William. — ^This eminent theologian reflected 
honour on his native county, Somerset, and on Exeter Cathe- 
dral, in which Dr. James TurberviUe, our last Catholic bishop, 
collated him 3rd December, 1556, to the canonry and prebend, 
void by the death of Dr. James Haddon. — (See his Lordship's 
Register, fol. 13.) Though, in his disputations with the lead- 
ing Reformers, he had signalized himself by a zeal according 
to knowledge, with temper and golden moderation, the vin- 
dictive spirit of Elizabeth, at her accession, fastened upon 
him, stripped him of all his preferments, and consigned him 
to the Fleet Prison, where he breathed his last in 1571. — 
(See Dodd's Ch. Hist. vol. i. p. 509.) 

Church, Edward, S.J., bom at St. Columb Major's, 
Cornwall, on 15th November, 1728, at the age of eighteen 
was admitted a novice of the order, and on 2nd February, 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEEGY. 268 

1766, one of its professed fathers. For at least half a oen« 
tury he was employed in missionary duty at Salisbury, at 
Lullworth, &c. ; but his earthly course ran out at Rixton, 
near Warrington, on 22nd January, 1820, aet. ninety-two. 
His remains were deposited in a vault outside St. Joseph's 
Chapel, Bedford Leigh. 

Clarke, John, was educated at Prior-park, and ordained 
priest at Clifton by Archbishop Errington, on Low Sunday, 
80th March, 1856. 

Clarkson, George, S. J., bom at Slatedelft, alias Southill, 
near Chorley, 4th May, 1738. At the age of twenty he was 
admitted into the Society. For some time before the suppres- 
sion of his order, he resided, as I was informed by one that 
knew him, at Leighland, near Cleeve;'^ thence was removed 
to Stapehill, finsdly settled in his native place, where he 
created a considerable mission, and erected the present chapel 
and presbytfere about the year 1793. Worn out with labour 
and years, this man of God gently expired 5th November, 
1813. 

Cliffords of Ugbrooke, and first — 

Clifford, Edward Charles (Augustin), O.S.B., fifth son 
of Charles Lord Clifford, the sixth baron of Chudleigh — 
'^ PrEedaro nomine dignus,'* — was bom 5th February, 1803, 
professed at Ampleforth 9th October, 1823, ordained priest 
there by Bishop Smith 20th January, 1827, and said his 
first Mass three days later : soon after — perhaps too soon — 
he was despatched to the Bungay mission, thence removed to 
Netherton, near Liverpool, which he quitted to go to the 
Mauritius on 16th October, 1832. He died at Mahebourg 
station there 22nd October, 1843, and was buried three 
days later. 

Clifford, Walter Charles, S.J., sixth son of the last- 
mentioned nobleman, was bom at Ugbrooke 26th April, 
1804. After finishing his course of humanities at Stony- 
hurst, he entered St. Andrew's novitiate at Rome, November, 
1823. Betuming to Stonyhurst, this amiable religious 
defended, on 4th July, 1832, the whole theological course 
with distinguished credit. On 19th September following he 
was ordained subdeacon in the college church by Bishop 
Penswick, deacon on the foUowing day, and priest on 22nd 
of the same month and year. He was then appointed Pro- 

* " Capella B. MarieB de Clyve, Bathon et Welleus. Dioc. super ripas 
maris ab antiqao posits," occurs 12th December, 1308, in Stafford's 
Roister, vol. i. p. 23. 



264 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLERGT. 

feasor of Logic and Metaphysics ; on 9th September^ 1835^ 
his services were required for the Preston mission; but 
before the termination of three years, on 20th July, 1888, 
he was transferred to Wardour as assistant to the Rev. James 
Laurenson. Yet his heart yearned for the salvation of souls 
in foreign countries, and the superiors consented to gratify 
his zealous wishes. On 28th February^ 1841, he sailed for 
Madura, in the diocese of Pondicherry. Here an extensive 
field was opened for his ministerial exertions ; but, alas ! in 
the midst of his spiritual conquests, — in the very height of 
his usefulness, he was unfortunately drowned in the river 
Cavery, uuder the fortress of Triclunopoly, on 22nd May, 
1844. 

Clifford, William Joseph Hugh, D.D., nephew to the 
two last, being the second surviving son of their eldest bro- 
ther, Hugh Charles, seventh Baron Clifford, of Chudleigh, 
was bom at Irnham on Christmas-eve, 1823. After studying 
for a time at Hodder-place, near Stonyhurst, Prior-park, and 
subsequently in the CoUege of Nobles at Rome, he delivered 
a Latin panegyric, in honour of the blessed Virgin Mary, in 
the Templo Liberiano, on 15th August, 1840, before Pope 
Gregory XYI. Eventually he was ordained sub-deacon at 
Bruges on 2nd July, 1849, and deacon on 26th July same 
year. His promotion to the priesthood was accomplished at 
Clifton, in the Church of the Twelve Apostles, by Bishop 
Hendren, on 25th August, 1850. To the service of that church 
he remained attached until the 16th September of the follow- 
ing year, when he started for Rome, but soon returned a 
D.D. to assist Dr. Errington, the recently-consecrated bishop 
of Plymouth^ as secretary and parish priest of St. Mary's^ 
Stonehouse. His lordship took him with him to the first 
provincial council held at Oscott in July, 1852, where Dr, 
Clifford was appointed one of its three secretaries. When 
the Plymouth chapter was formed late in 1853, Dr. Clifford 
was installed canon, theologian, and secretary on 6th Decem- 
ber that year; he kindly consented, also, to act as treasurer of 
the chapter, and was the generous donor of their official seal, 
from a design of Charles Weld, of Chidiock, Esq. When 
Dr. Errington was advanced by the brief of Pope Pius IX., 
bearing date 30th March, 1855, from Plymouth, to the 
archiepiscopal see of Trebizonde, with the permission of 
not residing there whilst it remained in the hands of the 
infidels, but of abiding in England as coadjutor to Cardinal 
Wiseman, Archbishop of Westminster, Dr. Clifford was elected 
by the Plymouth Chapter, on 10th May, Vicar Capitular 



BIOO&AFHICAL LIST OF THE CLEROT. 265 

during the vacancy of the see. In that capacity he assisted 
at the second Frovincia] Council^ holden at Oscott two months 
later. And when the brief of the above-named Pope^ dated 
10th July, 1855, appointed Dr. Yaughan to the see of Ply- 
mouth, his lordship wisely selected Dr. Clifford to continue 
his Grand Vicar until his own consecration at Clifton on 
16th, and his installation at Plymouth on 25th September, 
1855. Dr. Clifford was afterwards permitted to repair to 
Rome to finish a course of canon law. If it shall please God 
to re-establish his health, which has been impaired by over-i 
exertion, it is easy to foresee that Dr. Clifford must become 
a prominent character in our English Catholic Church. 
Quod faxit Deus, O. M. ! * 

Clifton, Fbancis, S. J., bom in London of Irish parents, 
6th November, 1742, joined the order in the twentieth year 
of his age, and for a lengthened period was director to the 
English Sepulchral Nuns at Liege. After their emigration, 
he accompanied them. At Dean's House, about nine miles 
from Salisbury, he served them from 1796 to 1799, Obiit 
23rd May, 1812.— (See First Part, p. 156.) 

Clinton, Alexander, S. J., whose real name was McKen- 
zie, was bom in Scotland 23rd March, 1730. In 1756, after 
seven years' training in the Society of Jesus, he was ordered 
to the London mission, where he signalized himself by ener- 
getic zeal and glowing charity to the poor, but especially to 
the Catholic prisoners in the metropolis. He was the encou- 
rager of merit and genius wherever he saw it, and to his 
recommendation Dr. Archer owed his admission into Douay 
College. The late Thomas Weld, of Lull worth Castle, charmed 
with his active zeal and cheerftd piety, engaged him for his 
chaplain in 1781, and for about fourteen years he resided in 
that capacity. The venerable man then retired from mis- 
sionary duty, paid a visit to Stonyhurst, and passed over 
to Ireland, where his lamp of life went out on 5th June, 
1800. He was an intimate friend of the saintly Bishop 
Challoner, to whom he dedicated his treatise on Holy Com* 
munion, in 1780. 

Clossette, Joseph, S.J. — ^Though born in Flanders, he 
was educated entirely amongst the English Jesuits. Soon 
after his ordination, he was ordered to Wardour to supply 

* The doctor's youngest brother, Walter Charles Ignatius Clifford, an 
eight months* child, was bom at Rome 5th December, 1830. Cardinal 
Odescalchi stood his godfather. After finishing his humanities at 
Stonyhurst, he commenced his noYiceship in S. J. on 28th June, 1848, 
and pronounced his soholasiic rows on 29th Jane, 1860. 



266 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBSGT. 

in the absence of F. Forrester^ who had accompanied Lord 
and Lady Arundell and family to the Continent ; but, melan- 
choly to relate, he was killed within a month after his arrival 
by being thrown off his horse at Ludwell. This unfortunate 
event occurred on 23rd October, 1781 : set. thirty. 

Clouoh, James, S.J., bom in Liverpool, 11th January, 
1803; entered the order 27th September, 1827, on his 
promotion to priesthood at Yarmouth, where he laboured 
with exemplary zeal; but on 30th September, 1831, was 
transferred to Pilewell, vice F. Charles Waterton. In 1844 
he was called to Stonyhurst — thence sent to Croft, and again 
to Pilewell. As a last resource he was placed under the care 
of F. Laurenson, at Wardour; but there he sunk, within 
four months, from exhaustion of physical strength, on 8rd 
November, 1848. 

CocHET, Alexander, an excellent French priest, who did 
duty for several years at Shapehill before he left for Sopley 
in 1811. I think he returned to France after the restoration 
of the Bourbons. 

Coffin, Edward, S.J., a native of Exeter; entered an 
alumnus of the English College at Rome in 1588, and ten 
years later, whilst engaged as a missionary in England, enlisted 
under the banner of St. Ignatius. His zealous exertions 
procured for him the honour of becoming the '' Vinctus 
Christi'' (See the Archseologia, xiii. p. 84). From the Tower 
of London he was removed to Framlingham Castle; but 
shortly after the accession of King James L, imprisonment 
was commuted into perpetual banishment. Proceeding to 
Rome, he filled the office of confessor in the English College 
for nearly twenty years. On 10th September, 1625, he 
quitted the eternal city for the purpose of revisiting his 
native country ; but fell ill at St. Omer's, and there expired 
on 17th April following, leaving behind him the reputation 
of great learning, singular discretion, and unaffected piety. 
In my Collectanea of the Jesuits, p. 71, 1 have enumerated 
his publications. 

Coleridge, Henrt James, is a son of the able judge 
of the Queen's Bench — Sir John Taylor Coleridge. Whilst 
fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, he became a convert to the 
Catholic faith. Repairing to Rome, he was ordained priest 
at St. John Lateran's, 7th April, 1855. 

Colleton, John, alias Smith, bom at Milverton, oo. 
Somerset. This influential secular priest had the honour of 
being sent to the Tower of London, on 22nd July, 1581, for 



BIOOBAFHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBQY. 267 

his constancy in upholding the Catholic faith. It is to be 
regretted, that in the subsequent affair of the archpriest he 
conducted himself with unbecoming warmth ; insomuch, that 
I read in a letter of Archpriest Blackwell, dated 12th May, 
1599, '' The man knoweth not himself Episcopacy was 
restored in the person of Dr. William Bishop,^ who was con- 
secrated at Paris, on 4th June, 1623, by the title of Epis- 
copus Chalcedonensis, in virtue of the Bull of Pope Gregory 
XY., dated 15th March, 1622; but as Dr. Lingard justly 
observes, his Holiness " made him revocable at pleasure.^' 
(History of England, vol. vii. p. 552, also the Very Ilev. Canon 
Tiemey's valuable Note, Dodd, vol. iv.. Appendix, cdxxxv.) 
His lordship reached Dover on 21st July, 1623, but to the 
regret of the faithful, died on 13th April following, 8et. seventy, 
one. However, on the previous 10th September the new 
bishop had installed his chapter, of which the Rev. John 
Colleton was the dean, who survived till 29th October, 1635, 
«t. eighty-seven. (See Sergeant's " Account of the English 
Chapter/' by Tumbull : Dolman, 1853.) In considering the 
acrimonious feelings and disputations of this period of our 
English Catholic history, I often think of the exhortation of 
Pope Leo X., in constitution 23, § 23, wherein he caUs upon all 
Prelates, by the bowels of Qod's mercy, to treat and cherish 
the regular clergy, as fellow- labourers, with benevolent affec- 
tion — to exhibit themselves towards them " faciles, mites, 
propitios, pi&que munificenti& liberales,'' and to maintain and 
vindicate their rights and privileges ; so that both bishops 
and regulars, " quorum opera, veluti lucemse ardentes supra 
montem positae, omnibus Christi fidelibus lumen prsebere 
debent, ad Dei laudem, Fidei Catholicse exaltationem, popu- 
lorumque salutem, de virtute in virtutes proficiant." 

CoLLiNGBiDOB (Bernardine), Peter, O.S.F., bom in 
Oxfordshire, 10th March, 1757. In early life, as he after- 
wards acknowledged to friends, his vocation balanced for a 
time between adopting the institute of St. Ignatius and the 

* Thomas Watson, the last of Qneen Mary's Catholic bi8hoi)8y died a 
prisoner at Wisbech on 27th September, 1584. The Holy See judged it 
unsuitable to the circumstances of the persecuting times to send over a 
person of the episcopal order ; and, ad ifOerim^ an archpriest, with 
twelve assistants, was appointed to superintend the secular clergy. The 
first was the Rev. George Black well, who was appointed 7th March, 
1598, and remained in office for ten years. He was succeeded by the 
Rev. George Birkett in 1608, who died in office in 1614. The third was 
William Harrison, admitted 11th July, 1615. and retained his rank 
until the restoration of episcopacy in 1623. The regulars were allowed 
to retain their former privileges by the briefs of Fope Urban VIII., 
"* Britannia;' dth May, 1631, and ^'PlankOa;' 12th July, 1633. 



268 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBOY. 

rale of St. Francis ; but at length he decided on taking the 
habit fix>m the hands of F. Peter Frost, who was elected the 
Franciscan guardian of St. Bonaventure's, at Douay, 16th 
July, 1770. Nine years later I find him appointed to teach 
philosophy to his brethren — an ofSce which he filled with 
credit till 5th August, 1785, when he was made Lector of 
Divinity. The chapter-books show that he was elected 
guardian of that convent on 27th August, 1788. At the 
expiration of the term of his triennial government, he was 
nominated president of the Franciscan Academy at Bad- 
desley, near Birmingham ; thence his services were required 
at the Portuguese Chapel, in London, vice F. William Pilling, 
O.S.F. ; but soon after he was made assistant to the 
Rev. John Griffiths, of St. George's Fields. In 1806 he 
was elected provincial of his brethren. In the following 
year Bishop Sharrock, V.A. of the Western District, secured 
him for his coadjutor, and he was consecrated at St. Edmund's 
College on 11th October, 1807, as bishop of Thespise. For 
a time this learned and saintly doctor resided at Chepstow, 
at Taunton, at Clifton, at iSrenchard St. Chapel House, 
Bristol, but finally at Cannington, where he died suddenly 
on 8rd March, 1829, and was there buried on the 10th, his 
seventy-second birthday. A more zealous, disinterested, and 
unostentious prelate could not exist. 

CoLLTNs, Charles Hbnrt, S.J., bom in Exeter 13th Sep- 
tember, 1820, whilst his father. Rev. Dr. Colly ns, was master 
of St. John's Free Grammar School (he had been elected to 
the office 27th January, 1819; resigned at Christmas, 1835) ; 
after an education under his father, he entered Christ Church 
College, Oxford, at Michaelmas term, 1837, proceeded 
B.A. in 1841, and M.A. in 1844, after receiving orders in 
the Established Church during the preceding autumn. The 
Church of St. Mary Magdalene, Oxford, was the scene of his 
ministrations. But in the words of Ecclesiasticus, xi. 13, 
''Oculus Dei respexit ilium in bono,^^ his upright heart 
Ustened to the inspirations of grace ; and his docility was 
rewarded with the gift of faith, which he lovingly embraced 
on the feast of All Saints, 1845, at Prior-park. A year 
later, on 13th November, 1846, he entered the Novitiate, 
S.J.^ and at the end of his probation applied himself to a 
complete course of theology at St. Beuno^s. He had been 
promoted to priesthood in the Ember-week of September, 
1851. The year following witnessed his appointment as the 
first missioner of St. Oswald^s, Accrington, which he served 



BIOOKAFHICAL U8T OF THE CLERGY. 269 

nearly a twelTemouth, when, in September, 1858, his senrioes 
were transferred to Liverpool. 

CoLUMB, John, S.J. — I collect from F. Morels History, 
page 21, that this native of Devon joined the Society at 
Louvain in the 26th year of his age ; that he was received as 
confessor in the English College of Douay ; and that he died 
in 1588, after passing ten years in the order. Dodd seems 
not to have been aware of him. 

CoMPTON, Philip, bom in the neighbourhood of WeUs 
in 1734, was educated at Douay College, served Chidiock 
twenty-five years, and Calverleigh for about six years. 
Retiring then to Dunster, he finished his course on 23rd 
July, 1803. He excelled chiefly in cabinet-work, dialling, 
and mechanical science. 

Connor, Maurice, bom at KiUarney in Febmary, 1791, 
was educated at Maynooth. On 8th March, 1823, Bishop 
CoUingridge appointed him confessor to the Theresians 
at Lanheme, and pastor to the faithful aroimd; but he 
quitted that post for the Salisbury mission, on 3l8t October, 
1826. Early in 1831 he was transferred to Falmouth; 
but at the end of a twelvemonth he was off to Swansea. In 
July, 1833, he reached Tawstock, which he quitted abruptly 
in May, 1835. He then made an experiment of the Trap- 
pists' l^e, and this not suiting, he left for the Trinidad 
mission, where a fever put an end to his erratic life in 
December, 1840. 

CoNYBRs, Thomas, S.J. — It is evident from the Provincial 
Catalogues, that he was employed, in 1746, in the residence 
of St. Stanislaus, which included Devon and Comwall ; but 
I cannot ascertain the length of his service, nor even the 
precise locality. He was bom in London the last day of the 
jeBX 1715. His missionary career terminated, with his life, 
m Lancashire, on 20th April, 1780. Soc. forty-four. 

Cooke, Charles, bom in Yorkshire in 1806. — After 
studying well at Ushaw, he was promoted to priesthood at 
Prior-park in 1834, and on 28th March, 1835, was placed at 
Salisbury. Here he continued for five years. In the middle 
of July, 1840, he was sent to Lanheme, which he quitted 
abmptly on 6th June, 1844. Thence he removed to Prior- 
park ; but after some months' stay, accepted the Uttoxeter 
mission, which he soon abandoned. In the charity of his 
reverend firiend F. McDonnell, he found a protection at 
Gloucester; and when that experienced missionary was 



270 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERQT. 

appointed to the charge of the Stonehouse congregation bjr 
Bishop Hendren^ he proposed to take Mr. Cooke with him as 
an assistant in July^ 1850 ; here much work was to be done^ 
and under the auspices and inspection of such a veteran^ 
Mr. Cooke did his part con amore. But when that fatherly 
guide quitted the new diocese of Plymouth for that of 
Clifton^ and was stationed at Shortwood^ then Bishop 
Errington removed Mr. Cooke to the pastoral charge of 
Axminster. Oh I that his lordship could have retained him 
under his immediate presence ; for the truth must be told^ 
he was unfit to be his own master^ and to be trusted alone. 
Instead of becoming his own enemy^ he might have proved 
an ornament to religion, if he could have been employed in 
a college, or in a monastery, where he might have been safe 
from the temptation to intemperance, which is almost an 
incurable and incorrigible vice.* Within seven months he 
had to surrender his charge of Axminster into the bishop's 
hands, and we had all to lament that a mind so intellectual, 
a heart so kind and generous, a constitution naturally so 
robust, should become utterly useless in the service of our 
holy Church. The grace of God led him to enter into 
himself like the prodigal, and to throw himself on the cha- 
ritable protection of his former reverend friend. His 
reception at Shortwood was worthy of so good a father. 
For a time he conducted himself to the satisfaction of his 
patient sentinel ; but in November, 1852, there was a fresh 
outbreak. Notwithstanding this, P. M'Donnell consented 
to give him another trial, and the poor penitent seemed to 
be perfectly conscious of his misery and degradation of 
character. In the temporary absence of his friend, the 
passion for liquor returned ; and he made his escape alto- 
gether on 21st July, 1853. After wandering about the 
country, he reached St. Bernard's Abbey on 3rd of August. 
The next day the worthy abbot signified his arrival, and 
described him "as being in a very deplorable state, — his 
health and spirits broken down. It is providential that he 

* This was the opinion of Monseigneur La Motte, the venerable 
bishop of Amiens. In the Memoirs of the prelate by I'Abb^ Proyart, 
▼ol. i. p. 198, the writer states that his lordship related a frightful anec- 
dote in confirmation of his opinion ; vk., of a prient of his diocese, who 
for habitual excesses of this kind had been placed in confinement. In 
this state, after having given proofs of steady sobrietv during fifteen 
years and more, no sooner was ne restored to perfect liberty, than that 
very night he indulged in liquor to such an excess, as to be found dead 
in the public-house the next morning. How sage the advice of Ovid :— 

** Principiis obsta : sero medicina paratnr, 
Cum mala per longas invaluere moras." 



BtOORAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEROT. 271 

reached this alive^ — ^without a penny, or as ranch as a change 
of linen, or clothes of any kind. He promises to be quite a 
different man, and from henceforth to attend in right earnest 
to the one thhig necessary. God grant it I ** 

But he soon grew weary of the Trappists' regular diet, 
and, leaving St. Bemard^s, relapsed into his former habit. 
After rambling over the country, it was at last discovered 
that he had reached Nottingham. Nature could hold out no 
longer, and he sunk into the sleep of death on 17th August, 
1854, about seven o'clock p.m. 

'^ Deus sit propitius huic potatori.^' And may his example 
serve as an awful warning to us all 1 Amen. 

CooMBEs, William, bom at Meadgate, in Camerton 
parish, co. Somerset, on 4th August, 1743, for many years 
shone as one of the brightest jewels of Douay College, 
which he finally qtdtted in 1777. He was never attached to 
any mission; but during a long period was the respected 
Grand Vicar of the Western District. Whilst residing on 
his property at Meadgate, with his sister and niece, he 
received intelligence that the rioters of Bath, who had just 
destroyed the Catholic chapel there, in June, 1780, were 
advancing in great force towards Meadgate: he hastened 
for protection towards the parsonage-house of the Bev. 
J. Brooke,* the liberal rector of Hinton Bluett. This worthy 
gentleman, who, under the apprehension that his own house 
would be attacked by the ftirious mob, on the ground of 
his wife being a Catholic, had sent off his plate and valu- 
ables to a trusty cottager's care, and removed elsewhere his 
best furniture, advised Mr. Coombes to conceal himself in 
Tucker's Wood, distant about a quarter of a mile, and there 
to remain until he should hear him whistle for him. Mr. 
Coombes felt the prudence of his friend's admonition, and 
there lay concealed for the remainder of the day. At length 
the rector received the satisfactory tidinga that a strong 
military detachment had arrested the advance of the rioters, 
and dispersed them without effecting their intended mischief. 
In the evening the rector repaired to the wood, and, on 

* This reyerend fi;enUeman had married Ann James, a Catholic, and 
was known to he favourahlv disposed towards her religion, which he 
subseanently embraced. He sold the advowson of his rectory, and 
proved himself a benefactor to the Shortwood mission. Ob. 1824, at 
West-house, near his old parsonage. During these Gordon riots, such 
was the fear of the fanatical mob. that it was thought expedient to take 
down the cross from the parish church, to prevent the edifice itself from 
being demolished. 



272 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBROY. 

giying the preconcerted signal^ Mr. Coombe emerged from 
his hiding-place. 

Thirty years after this event, I remember to have had the 
happiness of meeting this venerable man at Sbepton Mallett. 
He died at Bath, on 18th April, 1822, set. seventy-nine, and 
was buried in the vault of St. John's Chapel there. 

CooMBEs, William Henkt, D.D., nephew to the last- 
mentioned, was bom, as he informed me, at Meadgate, on 
8th May, 1767. In this family abode had been a chapel ; 
but for several years the house had been converted into an 
inn. At the age of twelve William was sent to Douay 
College, where he arrived, with his neighbour Joseph Hunt, 
on 11th July, 1779. Here the youth gave promise of what 
the man would be, — amiable, docile, devout, and very 
studious, — eager to improve and enlarge his mind. In the 
Ember Week of Advent, 1791, he was promoted to priest- 
hood, the jubilee of which the dear old man celebrated so 
becomingly at Shepton Mallett, as many can remember. 
Whilst teaching rhetoric at Douay, the French Revolution 
broke out, and the Committee of Public Safety, as it was 
called, as an earnest of theur regard for liberty, justice, 
• equality, and fraternization, decreed, on 10th October, 1798, 
that ''All subjects of his Britannic Majesty then in France 
must forfeit their property, as well as personal freedom.'' 
Our young professor, little fancying such prospects, stole 
away from the town, and reached the skirts of the village 
of Escherquin, a distance of three miles from Douay, in 
which was the college country-house, when a stranger 
accosted him, and inquired if he had no apprehension in 
appearing so publicly at such a critical moment. His 
manner was prepossessing in his favour, and inspired confi- 
dence ; and on hearing Mr. Coombes's wish to escape, the 
stranger advised him to address himself at once to the mayor 
for a passport, thence to proceed to Mons, within reach 
of the allied armies ; and, in order to disguise his project, 
made him the bearer of a large commission for coals. De- 
lighted with the proposal, he hurried to the village, went 
direct to the country-house, and began to make arrange- 
ments to start at four the next morning. But man proposes, 
and it is Grod who disposes; for behold, about six o'clock 
the same evening, who should make his appearance in the 
court of the college country-house, but the mayor himself! 
The commissary of the district joined his worship shortly 
after, announcing that the premises were now surrounded by 
forty armed men. Submitting patiently to this disappoint- 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBBOT. 273 

ment of his hopes^ he was escorted to Douay early the next 
morning, and consigned to the new prison^ recently the 
Scotch College. On the fourth day of his confinement 
orders arrived to convey the prisoners in waggons to the 
citadel of Dourlens, in Picardy. That same evening, whilst 
passing through the village of St. Laurent, near Airas, our 
reverend lover of personal freedom slipped from his waggon, 
unperceived by his guards, and got into a cottage. Wheu 
the train had passed on^ he quitted this asylum, and after 
perilous rambling, from shortness of sight, early on the 
17th reached a friendly house, but where, to prevent all 
danger of discovery, it was necessary to remain in a retired 
apartment, from which the daylight was excluded. Such was 
his distress in this particular, that he was obliged to place 
himself in the chimney in order to gain light to recite his 
Breviary. Late that evening, he had the comfort of meeting 
his reverend fellow-collegians, Messrs. Devereux and Rickaby, 
who had also eluded the vigilance of their guards. This union 
of numbers, whilst it animated them with more courage, 
perhaps added to the danger of discovery ; but after excessive 
fatigue, and many hair-breadth escapes, they reached the 
Austrian lines, about four o'clock a.m., 20th of October, 
1793; surrendered themselves to the patrols at Contiches, by 
whom they were conducted to General Kray at Orchies, 
who treated them with civility, and gave them a guide 
to Toumay. 

On reaching England he learnt that Bishop Douglass, the 
zealous Vicar- Apostolic of London, was actively engaged in 
preparing Old Hall Green Academy for his episcopal semi- 
nary (see the History of St. Edmund's College in ^' Catholic 
Miscellany,'' 1826-29), and his lordship solicit^ Mr. Coombes' 
valuable co-operation. He most cheerfuUv acquiesced ; and 
after some time was appointed Professor of Divinity. Many 
of our dignified clergy have taken their seat at the feet of 
this Gamaliel. On 12th December, 1801, Pope Pius VII. 
awarded to him the degree of Doctor of Divinity. In 1810 
he accepted the mission of Shepton Mallett, which he held 
for thirty-nine years, during twenty of which he had the 
direction of the convent of the Visitation Nuns there, and 
they enjoyed this privilege until their removal to Westbury, 
near Bristol, in May, 1880. 

Dr. Coombes was an enlightened spiritualist and a self- 
denying priest : as a Greek scholar he had few equals. To 
this liberal-minded friend, this gifted scholar and divine, we 
are indebted for the following publications : — 

1. Sacred Eloquence. 8vo. London: 1798. Pp.343. 

T 



274 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

2. Oration on Piu8 VI. London : 1800. Pp. 129. 
8. Letters of certain French Bishops to Pius VI. Pp. 24. 
1800. 

4. Letters on Catholic Affairs^ under the Signature of 
" The British Ohserver," which appeared in " Cobbett's 
Register '' in the years 1804, 1805, and 1806. 

5. Life of St. Francis de Sales, in 2 vols. 8yo. Shepton 
MaUett: 1812. 

6. Entertainments of St. Francis de Sales, with an addition 
of some Sacred Poems. Taunton : 1814. Pp. 515. 

7. Essence of Religious Controversy. 8vo. 1827. Pp. 416. 

8. Letter to the Duke of Wellington on certain Clauses in 
the Belief Bill. London: 1829. 1^.8. 

9. Life of Jane Frances Chantal, from original Records. 
London: 2 vols. 8vo. 1830. 

Retiring from all missionary duty on 12th June, 1849, the 
venerable doctor passed the remainder of his days with the 
dear Benedictines at Downside, who studied his every com- 
fort. There he slept in the Lord on 15th November, 1850; 
and, as he desired, was buried in their cemetery. His 
epitaph is as follows : — 

Orate pro anima 

Gul. Hen. Coombes, S. T. P. 

Collegii Angl. Duaci Sac. 

Glim per annos fere q^uadraj^inta 

Sheptonise Missionarii. 

Obiit in Monasterio S. Gregorii Magni 

de Downside die 16 Nov. 1860 

Mi. 84. Sac. 59. 

CujuB anioue propitietur Deus. 

Amen. 

Cooper (Maurus), Ralph, O.S.B. — Of this discreet and 
efficient missionary, I have treated in the seventh chapter of 
the first part. At present I shall only say, that he was born 
in the parish of Walton le Dale, Lancashire, on 4th April, 
1799; educated at Ampleforth; there professed in 1817, 
ordained priest at Ushaw in 1823, and that I am under a 
deep sense of gratitude to him for furnishing me with many 
particulars in these my humble researches. Long may the 
mission of Chipping Sodbury be enlightened by his experi- 
ence and be edified by his exemplary life 1 

Constable, Robert, S.J.,bom at Thirsk. — After studying 
five years in the English College at Rome, he was permitted 
to join the order, and in due time was numbered amongst 
their professed fathers. From the examination of his register 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF TRB CLBBGY. 275 

at Wardour^ he seems to have superintended that important 
mission from 1744 to 1759, when he was summoned to 
govern the novitiate at Watton. The Rev. Joseph Reeve, 
in his narrative MS. of the breaking up of St. Omer's 
College on 9th August, 1762, relates that he, being charged 
with escorting the firat division of the scholars, reached 
Watton that evening, and that " its rector, F. Robert Con« 
stable, received us with all the feeling and tender kindness 
of a father ; for he was a good, religious man, and the spirit 
of God was in him.'' Shortly after the remo^ of the novi- 
tiate to Ghent, he accepted the situation of chaplain to Lady 
Haggerston, and died at her house at York, 3rd February, 
1770. 

CoRco&AN, James, O.S.D., bom at Cashell 25th July, 
1800; ordained at Rome 10th July, 1825; arrived at Tre- 
lawny, as its first missionary, 12th August, 1831 ; removed 
to FoUaton 1st November, 1833, which he quitted on 3rd 
August, 1834, to accompany Bishop (now Archbishop) 
Folding to Sydney. There this zealous religious met with 
a premature death on 5th September, 1837, by the over- 
turning of a gig. His solemn funeral was described in the 
" Sydney Gazette '* of the 9th September of that year. 

CoKNELivs, John, S.J. — In p. 37 of the first part I had 
proposed to give a lengthened memoir of this very illustrious 
champion and sufferer for the faith at Dorchester on 4th 
July, 1594; but after the admirable narrative of Bishop 
Challoner, and some additional matter related in p. 74 of the 
Collectanea S.J., it would be superfluous. See also the 
History of Father More. 

CoRNPORTH, Thomas. — This apostolic priest long resided 
at Stour Provost, and was very instrumental in creating there 
a fund for his successors in that mission, which usually 
passes by the name of MarnhuU. There he " died on 5th 
August, 1748, on Friday evening, about 8 o^clock, aged 
seventy," as I found in the memorandum of a Prayer-book. 

CosTELLO, Rbv. Thomas, D.D. — Thomas Costello, de- 
scended from an ancient and respectable family, of which 
the original name was Nangle, or Nagle (^'Hibernia Domini- 
cana," p. 313), was born in the county of Mayo, on 2l8t 
December, 1769. At the Irish College of Bordeaux he went 
through the triennial course of philosophy : thence he pro- 
ceeded to Salamanca, where he took the degree of Bachelor 
of Divinity on Zlst July, 1797. His diploma of D.D. he 
had kept secret from the world, and the truth came only to 

T 2 



276 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBBGY. 

light after his death. Eetnming to his native ooantry^ he 
was appointed to Ejrrecourt parish^ in the diocese of Clonfert, 
by its bishop^ his uncle^ the Right Rev. Dr. Costello.* Some 
business having called Mr. Costello to England in the spring 
of 1821, he was introduced in April of that year at Bristol to 
Dr. Collingridge^ the Vicar- Apostolic of the Western District. 
This prelate had just received information of the sudden 
death of the Rev. Alexander Simon, the Catholic incumbent 
at Stonehouse, and well knowing the importance of that 
place, the resort of so many foreigners, and the station of so 
many Irish Catholics in the military and naval service, he 
earnestly requested Mr. Costello, who spoke most of the con* 
tinental languages, and was well versed in Irish, to under- 
take the vacant charge. With reluctance, his diocesan 
consented to part with him ; but having obtained permission^ 
Mr. Costello forthwith proceeded to Plymouth, and during 
thirteen years laboured at his post with the zeal of an 
apostle, and ingratiated himself amongst all classes by his 
gentlemanly deportment and universal benevolence. At 
length, finding the increasing duties of the place too fatiguing 
for his constitution, he solicited his removal to some easier 
situation. On quitting Pl^outh, the townspeople, of all 
denominations, presented him with a piece of plate, ''as a 
token of respect and esteem.'' On 25th May, 1834, he was 
transferred to Cannington ; thence he was moved to Calver- 
leigh Court on 29th January, 1837, until the establishment 
at St. John's, near Tiverton, could be ready for him. Here 
he opened, on 19th May, 1839, its handsome chapel, which 
he was anxious should prove a temple of peace and concord 
to all around him. A twelvemonth later, at the invitation 
of his special friend, the late Lady Wrey, which occurred 28rd 
July, 1842, he accepted the situation of chaplain at Taw- 
stock Court ; but after the death of that kind patroness, his 
health requiring a change, he returned to Tiverton, to the 
joy of many, especially of the poor. During the three last 
years he added to the number of his friends many of the 
most respectable families in that town and neighbourhood : 
in fact, he was a general favourite. It pleased God on the 
16th March, 1846, to visit him with a paralytic attack, which 
terminated fatally on Saturday, the 2l8t. All who knew 
him must have esteemed and loved him ; but after enjoying 
the honour of his friendship for a quarter of a century, none 
can more sincerely mourn his loss than I. He died in the 
seventy-seventh year of his age. 

* This yenerable prelate died 8th October, 1831, aged ninety-one, 
and forty-fourth year of hie episcopacy. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBROIT. 277 

CoTHAM (Ambrose), James, O.S.B., bom 12th February, 
1810, at Liverpool ; studied at St. Edmond's, Douay ; entered 
his venerable order 18th May, 1829; ordained priest at 
Prior-park 20th December, 1834, for the Tasmanian mission, 
where he arrived on 8th August, 1835. For eighteen years 
he served there as colonial and convict chaplain, visiting all 
parts of the colony ; but for the first nine years principally 
resided at Launceston and Richmond, in both of which towns 
he erected a church, presbytery, &c. From January, 1845, 
to January, 1851, he had charge of the Queen's Orphan 
Schools, the Oeneral Hospital, and the principal convict 
establishments in the vicinity of Hobart-town. Having 
obtained eighteen months' leave of absence from the govern- 
ment, he sailed for England 17th January, 1851, and on the 
discontinuance of convict transportation to Tasmania, sub- 
sequent to his arrival in his native country, the government 
granted him a retiring pension of £57. 10^. per annum. In 
July, 1852, he was appointed to the mission of Cheltenham. 

CoTHAM, William, S.J., elder brother of the preceding, 
born at Liverpool 80th August, 1806 ; admitted a novice at 
Mount Rouge at the age of twenty ; was ordained priest in the 
Ember-week of Advent, 1834, and said his first Mass at 
Stonyhurst on 21st December that year; succeeded F. J. 
Brownbill 24th September, 1835, and for full ten years 
displayed unwearied zeal in the discharge of his missionary 
duties. He then was recalled to Stonyhurst, where he was 
charged for a time with the care of that large congregation ; 
then was sent to the arduous mission of Wigan ; but is now; 
stationed at Portico. 

CoucHB, John, S.J., bom at Tolfrey, near Fowey, on 
14th April, 1744, and joined the order in 1762. For some 
time was incumbent at Canford and at Lullwortb ; but spent 
the last twenty-two years of his missionary career at South- 
end, Hants. Retiring then to Greenwich, he there died on 
29th December, 1813. 

N.B. His near relation William Couche, son of William 
Conche, of Tolfrey, Esq., by his wife Anne, daughter of 
Peter Hoskins, of Ibberton, Dorset, was bom on 5th 
February, 1732; he became a scholastic of the Society of 
Jesus, and promised to become a valuable member of the 
order, when he was carried off prematurely at Idege on 23rd 
Febmary, 1763. Soc. four. I have read with admiration 
the well- written and very edifying memoir, " De Vita Virtu- 
tibusque Gulielmi Couche,^' from the pen of his friend. 
Father Ralph Hoskins. 



278 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

CouRBEi Charles^ S.J. — This good French Jesuit was 
chaplain to WilliaiUi the late Lord Stourton^ soon after his 
marriage, at Deanalease ; then to James Everard, ninth Lord 
Arundell^ at Ashcombe ; but ended his days at Rotherwaas 
22nd June, 1815. 

Coupi, Jean, bom at Bomazy, in Higher Brittany, 20th 
March, 1765; ordained at Dol in December, 1789; emi- 
grated in September, 1792, and established himself in 
Exeter as a teacher ef the French language. I found him 
here, in 1808, generally respected for his gentle virtues and 
superior talents: as an English scholar 1^ was unequalled 
any of his countrymen, except M. Premord. At my recom- 
mendation he accepted the charge of the Tor-Abbey mission 
after the retirement of M. le Hericy in 1816, and continued 
there his efficient services until 15th June, 1820, when he 
took shipping to revisit his native country. After a few 
months' stay, he came back to me at Exeter; and on 28th 
December, 1820, I prevailed upon him to succour the con- 
gregation at Poole, * which remained destitute of a pastor. 
He consented, in his charity, to do so ; but at Michaelmas, 
1825, surrendered his trust into the bishop's hands, that he 
might return to France, and prepare for eternity. He 
survived until 31st December, 1842. 

Cowley (Gregory), Wiiliam, O.S.B., an honoured name 
amongst his brethren. For a long time he was the amiable 
and accomplished prior of St. Edmund's, at Paris. The 
celebrated Dr. Johnson held him in the highest esteem. In 
1794 he succeeded to the dignity of president, and died in 
office at Vernon Hall, co. Lancaster, 19th June, 1799, 
ttt. sixty-seven. He is connected with the West, by being 
resident chaplain with the Hydes, near Marlborough, from 
1790 to 1794. 

Crowe, Michael Francis, D.D., bom near Limerick on 
4th August, 1804. After receiving the earlier part of his 
education in his native country, he repaired, at the age of 
seventeen, to Paris, and entered the Royal College of 
St. Stanislaus as a lay student. At the General Concursus, 
two years later, he obtained the first prize in philosophy, 
and received the degree of Bachelier es Lettres. Shortly 
after, he commenced the study of divinity in the College of 
the French Missions, was ordained, by papal dispensation, 
in the course of the year 1827, and was successively appointed 



BIOOaAFHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBOY. 279 

to teach philosophy and diyinity in the college aforesaid. The 
delicate state of his health compelling him to resign this 
professorship, he was nominated priest vicar in the Church 
of Notre Dame des Yictoires; but in January, 1828, 
M. de Quelen, archbishop of Paris, transferred him to 
St. Roch. After defending a thesis at Sorbonne, the degree of 
B.D. was awarded him, and in 1830 he was named an Hono- 
rary Clerk to the Royal Chapel ; but the Revolution of July, 
that year, put an extinguisher on every prospect of prefer- 
ment in that quarter. Proceeding to Rome, he finished the 
theological course at the Sapienza, and after sustaining a 
public thesis, in 1833 received, from the hand of his 
Eminence the Archchancellor, the insignia of D.D. He 
then took charge of the sons of Sir Edward Smythe and 
Sir Thomas Stanley, Baronets, and after accompanying them 
through Europe and the East, arrived in England in 1835 ; 
and on 20th September, that year, became the approved 
pastor of the Tawstock mission. He was the first incumbent 
there who commenced a register, and many are indebted to 
him for the knowledge of Catholic truth. On 10th April, 
1837, he resigned this situation to become tutor to the only 
son of Sir Clifford Constable, Bart. 

This charge being accomplished to the satisfaction of all 
parties, the worthy doctor, in his zeal for souls, undertook 
the upper mission in Bath. Converting the ground-floor of his 
house in Brunswick -street into a very decent place for public 
worship, his love of the ministry and his reputation for 
eloquence attracted a considerable congregation. Satan, 
jealous of the progress of the faith, and of the happiness it 
diffuses, tempted some emissaries to whisper some suspicions, 
and gradually to broach reports, against the moral chieuracter 
of this exemplary priest and finished gentleman. When 
such rumours reached his ears, he at once demanded an 
investigation, and good Bishop Hendren, that lover of 
justice, ever mindful of St. PauPs command to Timothy 
(1 Epis. v. 19), '' Against a priest receive not an accusation, 
but under two or three witnesses ; '^ and again of the admo- 
nition of St. Isidore, " Nullum damnare, nisi comprobatum ; 
nullum excommunicare, nisi discussum,'' appointed a com- 
mission of inquiry into the case; and the result was, an 
honourable acquittal of the accused. But his unscrupulous 
opposers returned to their dirty work again. How embit- 
tered and disappointed they must have felt, when his 
attached congregation presented him with a valuable silver- 
gilt chalice and paten, in the decorated style of the twelfth 



280 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST 07 THE CLEBOY. 

century, as a testimony of their gratitude for his pastoral 
exertions during the previous four years : — 

Presented 

to 

The Very Rer. M. F. Crowe, D.D., 

By the Members of this Congregation 

And other Catholics of this City, 

In token of their profound respect 

For his many eminent virtttes. 

And in grateral acknowledgment 

Of his zealous and efficient services 

In the Sacred Ministry. 

Bath, 

Dec. 12th, 1851. 

It was accompanied with a suitable address^ in which they 
openly state, that " they had possessed the best opportunities 
of becoming acquainted with the many excellent qualities 
that adorn your character as a priest, a scholar, and a 
gentleman.^' The reader will be interested in reading this 
transaction in the '^Catholic Standard '^ journal of 20th 
December, 1851. 

Bishop Hendren's resignation of the see of Clifton was 
an ill omen to the doctor's peaceful prospects at Bath. 
Summary power passed into other hands. In the case 
before us, an eminent divine, an ecclesiastic of long standing, 
who had been employed in the missions of Tawstock and of 
Bath by Bishops Baines, Ullathome, and Hendren, is simply 
told : " In this diocese of Clifton we are supreme ; we 
dispense with your services.'^ In vindication of his character, 
—of the rights and honour of the ministry, — ^the injured 
doctor appealed to Home. In this he acted with becoming 
spirit and sober wisdom ; all that I regretted was, that in 
passing through London to Bome^ early in September, 1852, 
he had not sought an interview with our English Cardinal, 
and thus have obviated the delays incidental to suits in 
the Ecclesiastical Courts. This omission, in the hurry of his 
movements, and whilst his mind was smarting under the 
sense of unmerited wrong, he himself, in the sequel, most 
deeply lamented. He arrived in the Eternal City on 22nd 
September. After experiencing almost incredible subter- 
fuges and intrigue, his case reached the ear of his Holiness, 
who declared that Dr. Crowe's services entitled him to the 
full rights of incorporation, and to the same privileges as the 
other priests attached to the diocese of Clifton ; and it was 
admitted that the course of proceedings against him was 
unjustifiable, uncanonical, and in every way irregular. The 
result of the suit was^ that Cardinal Wiseman, the Archbishop 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBBOY. 281 

of Westminster^ came forward to take him under his immediate 
protection^ and offered him a distinguished position in the 
important mission of Chelsea^ where he labours with an assi- 
duity and success honourable to himself, and satisfactory to 
his friendly promoter. Had the doctor been of a litigious and 
contumacious temper^ it is firightAil to think what mischief 
might have been occasioned to religion in the then excited 
state of the nation against the newly-constituted hierarchy I 

Whilst life remains^ I can never forget the heroic exer- 
tions of Dr. Crowe^ in the midst of his sufferings^ to rescue 
poor Monsignore Fisher^ of Lyme, from disgrace and ruin. 
No one could have done more in the attempt to save a soul 
from death. May Heaven reward such disinterested and 
enlightened zeal in the resurrection of the just ! Amen. 

Since writing the above, I regret to learn that his health 
broke down from over-exertion, and that, with the advice of 
Sir Benjamin Brodie, he resigned his pastoral charge. This 
eminent surgeon pronounces the ailment to be sciatica. I 
trust that, under the unremitting care of Sir Benjamin, his 
patient may soon be enabled to resume his official duties. 
But, '' Honi soit qui mal y pense '' should be attended to by 
clergy as well as laity. 

Crowther, Thomas Timothy Alphonsus, O.S.A. — This 
English convert was sent from Bome by Dr. Joseph Palermo, 
Oeneral of the Augustinian Order, in July, 1852, to assist 
F. (yDonnell at the Church of St. Nicholas, Bristol. In 
consequence of the supposed invasion of the rights of his 
order, the said Oeneral summoned F. O'Donnell to Bome, to 
^ve evidence. Whilst the suit was pending, F. Crowther was 
employed by Bishop Burgess at St. Mary's, Montpellier, 
Bath ; but this he quitted for Liverpool. 

Cullinan, William. — ^This zealous priest came from 
Ireland in July, 1843, and was appointed successor to 
F. O'Ferrall at St. Joseph's, Trenchard Street, Bristol; 
thence originated a new mission at Bedminster, but early in 
August, 1852, was directed by Bishop Burgess to make seisin 
of the Augustinian Chapel of St. Nicholas, at Bristol. This 
act of authority, under pain of suspension, was submitted to 
by the incumbent, F. O'Doimell, O.S.A., but under protest. 
Mr. Cullinan was succeeded in that arduous mission by the 
Very Bev. Canon Illingworth on 1st September, 1853. 



282 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBGY. 



D. 

Daly, William, was bom at Newton Barry, co. Wexford, 
16th October, 1814; entered, at Marseilles, into the new 
order of the Conceptionists, founded by Monseigneur Eugene 
Mazenod, who was consecrated bishop of that city on 14th 
October, 1832, and who ordained him priest on 3rd May, 
1841. He was at first appointed to the Penzance mission. 
Removed from the order, he is at present employed in the 
Failsworth mission, near Manchester. 

Daniel, Edward, alias Pickford, D.D., a native of Corn- 
wall, was sent early to Douay College, and after studying 
philosophy and one year of divinity, was sent with nine 
others to Lisbon, to colonize the New Secular College founded 
in that city by Don Pedro Continho. These promising 
youths reached their destination on 14th November, 1628, 
and on the 22nd of Februaryfollowing the college was solemnly 
opened, and has continued up to the present time a prolific 
nursery of able scholars and missionaries. Mr. Daniel having 
received the degree of D.D. in 1640, was permitted to leave 
for the English mission, but was recalled in June, 1642, to 
be president of the college, an office which he filled for six 
years with distinguished credit. Shortly after, he returned 
to Douay, where he rendered invaluable service as a professor 
of theology and a confessarius. In July, 1653, he quitted 
for England, where he remained until his death, in Septem- 
ber, 1657. His ^' Book of Meditations," for the use of the 
English College of Lisbon, published in 1649, republished 
and enlarged six years after his death at Douay, I should be 
glad to see re-edited and revised ; but could wish one passage^ 
in the third meditation, on the state and obligation of a mis- 
sionary priest, page 451, were expunged, viz. : *' Finally, if 
thou comest to want, thou must even sit down with it, and 
practise that poverty which others profess and feel not, but 
are on all sides assisted, respected, and honoured, — nay, wiU 
be the first that shall work thee out of harbour, if good luck 
have any way accommodated thee." 

Danibl, John, O.S.P., brother to the preceding. — ^After 
finishing his education at Douay College, and his pro- 
motion to priesthood, he joined the restored English pro- 
vince of the Franciscans on 16th December, 1618. He 
was appointed the second guardian of St. Bonaventure's 
at Douay, and on 30th AprU, 1653, was chosen provincial. 
He died between the Chapter holden SOth April, 1659, 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEKQT. 288 

and the Intermediate Congregation of the 4th November, 
1660. 

. Qy. Who was Hieronymos Pickford, O.S.F., often called a 
St. Bonaventura ? 

Danson^ Thomas^ veri Douthwaites, bom in Yorkshire 
28th February, 1798; educated at Ushaw ; reached St. John's, 
Tiverton, 21st June, 1842 ; but, finding that he was not master 
of the premises, quitted on 8th August following ; proceeded 
to Shortwood, where he remained until 27th May, 1844. He 
then became assistant at Formby, near Liverpool, but since 
20th October, 1853, has been serving the mission of Howden, 
in his native county. 

Darbyshire (Dominic), James, O.S.D., took the habit in 
the English Convent of the Holy Cross at Bomheim on 1st 
January, 1714, set. twenty-four. The Chapter Bolls describe 
him as one most deserving of the province, who had filled 
various o£Sces with commendation. From his Journal, still 
at Ugbrooke, commencing with August, 1726, and ending 
with the opening of January, 1757, 1 infer that he was chap- 
lain at Standish, and afterwards at Qifford Hall, Suffolk, 
before his arrival at Ugbrooke in February, 1735. He was 
much liked by the Clifford family, and to their deep regret 
was called away to be the sixteenth prior of Bomheim from 
1747 to 1750. He was then allowed to return to Ugbrooke, 
where he died on Friday, 7th January, 1757, set. sixty-eight, 
prof, forty-six, sac. forty-four, and was buried behind 
St. Cyprian's chapel there. 

Davenport, Christopher, alias Francis Hunt, alias 
Franciscus a Sancta Clara, O.S.F. — The life of this eminent 
man might fill an octavo volume. He was bom at Coventry, 
and reconciled to the true faith whilst a student at Merton 
College, Oxford, and shortly after entered the novitiate of 
the English Friars at Ipres. At his profession he passed 
over to Douay, to assist at the commencement of St. Bona- 
venture's Convent in that city.* Before the auspicious 
restoration of the English Franciscan province by the letters 
patent of the Minister-Gheneral F. Bemardine de Senis, 6th 
August, 1629, which created F. John Oennings the first 
provincial, he had been appointed guardian of the convent 
aforesaid, and made a D.D. by his general. Thrice he was 
chosen provincial, as I have shown in his memoir in the 
" Rambler'' of August, 1850, pp. 110, 111. At length, this 
venerable patriarch of his brethren expired at Somerset House, 
London, on Whit-Sunday, 31st May, 1680, let. eighty-two, 
• 1 find it was first inhabited on dOth October, 1618. 



284 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

and^ according to His wish, was buried in St. John's church, 
of the Savoy. In page 118 of the Chapter Book, his loss is 
thus recorded : " Reverendus admodum ac Venerabilis in 
Christo Pater Frater Franciscus k S. Clar&, faelicis memorise, 
tertio Provincise nostrse Minister Provincialis, qui trinis 
persolutis Jubilseis, Beligionis, Sacerdotii, et Missionis, se 
Fatrem amantissimum et providentissimum suis Fratribus et 
Filiis exhibuit usque in finem, eorum necessitatibus in omnibus 
abunde occurrens ; se Pastorem vigilantissimum et Operarium 
fidelem in Missione Anglican^ per 57 annos prsebuit, factus 
omnibus omnia, ita ut principes et pauperes lucraretur; 
Urbi et Orbi notus." He is connected with the West by having 
lived in Cornwall before the civil wars. — (See Alban Butler's 
"Lives of the Saints/' May 17th, St. Maddern.) 

Davis, William, born at Usk, educated at Douay. — ^This 
primitive and mortified priest, after serving Chepstow, was 
sent to the poor mission at Dartmouth in 1805, void by the 
resignation of I'Abb^ Verrier. Struggling with poverty and 
illness, he quitted it just before his death, which occurred at 
Chepstow 30th December, 1814. N.B. Charles Henry 
Davis, O.S.B., pastor of Do¥niside from 1844 until he was 
consecrated bishop of Maitland, 26th February, 1848, died at 
Sydney 17th May, 1854, set. thirty-nine, Rel. twenty-two, 
sac. fourteen. 

Davison (Beenardinb), John, O.S.F., bom at Catterick, 
CO. York, 27th February, 1791. — This humble and zealous 
Franciscan, after serving Lea House mission, near Stony- 
hurst, was appointed director to the Poor Clares at Plymouth, 
on the retirement of the Bev. Bichard Sumner. Here he 
continued about four years, when in August, 1820, he was 
reinstated at Lea House ; and when that mission was given 
up by his body to the bishop of the North, he retired to 
Osmotherly (properly Osmundley), a retreat for superannuated 
members of the province. — (See note in ^'Bambler^' of 
August, 1850, p. 118.) Understanding that the Bev. Edward 
Metcalf, the incumbent of Newport, required additional aid 
in the ajtluous duties of his mission, he volunteered his gra- 
tuitous services to the diocesan. Bishop Brown. On 14th 
October, 1841, he commenced his zealous labours. Li a 
letter written to me by his bishop, dated 2nd February, 1842, 
his lordship thus expresses himself : '' I am greatly distressed 
by the death, about half-past four a.m. yesterday, of F, John 
Bemardine Davison, at Newport. He caught a typhus fever 
from visiting the sick, and is gone, I trust, to receive the 
crown of a martyr of charity." 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 285 

The following account of him appeared in the oolumns of 
the Monmoutkshire Merlin : — 

" On Tuesday, the Ist of February, at the house of the 
Rev. Edward Metcalfe, the Rev. John Davison, O.S.F., expired, 
aged fifty-two. The circumstances attending the demise of 
this amiable and zealous minister of the Grospel have caused 
very general sympathy and regret throughout the town and 
neighbourhood amongst Christians of every mode of faith. 

" Mr. Davison, a priest of artless tenderness of heart, pri- 
mitive simplicity of manners, and blameless life, had been 
recently appointed coadjutor to the Rev. Edward Metcalfe. 
He came to this town but three months ago with vigour and 
energies that promised to the Catholics of Newport a long 
and useful life amongst them. He immediatelv commenced 
the onerous duties of his sacred calling in aid of a clergyman 
of whom it may be said that his career embraces the circle of 
the Christian charities, and whose health is now, we regret to 
state, seriously impaired by the labours of his most arduous 
missiion. Mr. Davison might be seen at all hours visiting the 
cheerless homes of the desolate poor, ' plumbing the depths 
of human wretchedness,' administering food to the famishing, 
or teaching the best of lessons — ' how to die ! ' During the 
present prevalence of poverty and sickness among the poor, 
the calls upon the sacred duties of the clergy are imperative 
and incessant. On Thursday se'nnight Mr. Davison was sum- 
moned to the bedside of a poor man who was sinking in typhus 
fever. He promptly attended, though warned of his danger 
from the mdignant nature of the disease ; for he felt that the 
good shepherd should be ready to give his life for his flock. 
He administered to the djring penitent the consolations of 
religion, and returned to his humble home, his heart throb- 
bing with affliction for the miseries of the poor around him, 
but still ardent to benefit his fellow-creatures, and to advance 
the honour of his God. 

''Alas ! he had caught the distemper of the poor sufferer; 
the fever was upon him ; and then came the patient sickness, 
the Christian resignation, and the quiet death I all, all of 
which are, and long will be, sorrowftdly remembered, only to 
add value to the loss — to aggravate regret for what in this 
life cannot be recalled. An event like this is surely calculated 
to come home to the sensibility and bosoms even of those 
whose eyes wander over life — ^whose fancy dances after the 
* meteors of happiness kindled by itself.' It is surely calcu- 
lated forcibly to draw our attention to the interest of immortal 
souls, from the oft and awfully-illustrated fact that ' in the 
midst of life we are in death.' 



286 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OP THE CLBROT. 

'' Deeply is the lot of this reverend strsBger lamented 
amongst those who have known him even for the brief period 
that he has been amongst us. The dictates of philosophy, 
which will command us to look up with indifference on 
abstract things, may dispose to conceal our sorrow, but cannot 
assuage it. Real alleviation for the loss of a Christian minister 
and friend can only be obtained from the sempiternal source 
of all good— from the cheering and glorious promises of Him 
in whose hands are life and death, and whose Gk)spel has 
' brought life and immortality to light/ 

''E. DOWLINO." 

"On Friday, February 4, the funeral of the late Rev. 
John Davison took place at the Catholic Church of St. Mary, 
on which occasion the Right Rev. Dr. Brown, Vicar- ApostoUc 
of Wales; Dr. Rooker, V.G.; the Rev. Edward Metcalfe; 
the Revs. Messrs. Carroll, Keely, Cody, and WooUett, o£Sci- 
ated in the solemn and affecting ceremonies usual on such 
occasions in the Catholic Church. There was a numerous 
congregation assembled, amongst whom we noticed many 
members of the Established Church, and several of our Dis- 
senting fellow-townsmen, the melancholy circumstances of 
poor Mr. Davison's death having very generally excited the 
sympathy and regret of the neighbourhood. The Rev. Dr. 
Rooker said Mass, and preached a very eloquent sermon on 
the occasion from Heb. ix. 27 : 'It is appointed to men once 
to die, and after that the judgment.' The discourse was 
admirably appropriate, and drew tears from most of those 
present." 

Dawson, Jamks. — Soon after his ordination he was sent, 
in July, 1841, to Shortwood, where he continued thirteen 
months, and thence was removed to Courtfield, near Ross. 
In 1848 I find him at Merthyr Tydvil. In 1851 he was 
stationed at Dowlais, then at Usk ; but since the summer 
of 1854, he has been resting at Shepton Mallett. On 
the appointment of Dr. English to Clifton Church, in 
April, 1856, Mr. Dawson was sent to replace him at Can- 
nington. 

Day, Samuel, O.S.B., who, in taking the religious habit 
in 1806, adopted the name of Bede, was the first pastor of 
the Kemerton mission, near Tewkesbury, and opened its 
beautiful chapel 18th July, 1843. He left in 1848, and is 
now at Felton-pork, Northumberland. 

Dempset, William. — ^This young Irish ecclesiastic, after 
combating with a feeble and impaired constitution at Upton^ 



BIOOBAFHICAL LIST OF THE CLE&GT. 287 

near Poole^ was obliged to resign^ and retire to Prior-park 
for a time. With difficulty he reached his native country, 
where he died in July, 1840. 

Dessaux, Romain, an emigrant French priest, who served 
MamhuU for some time; then returning to France, died 
7th January, 1835, aet. seventy-eight. 

DiGBY, Jebome, O.S.B. — On the death of the lamented 
Cuthbert Simpson, assistant to F. Pembridge, in 1785, this 
good monk came to supply for a time. He afterwards served 
the Warrington mission. ^ Retiring to Downside, after some 
years, he rested from his labours on 7th April, 1825, set. 
eighty-five, rel. sixty-nine, as his epitaph testifies. 

Dominic, F., O.S.D. — Of this apostolic man I have treated 
largely in the first part, under Woodchester. To the grief 
of aU good men, his course was rapidly run out on 27th 
August, 1849, 8Bt. fifty-seven. *^ Of him it may be said, he 
consumed like incense on the altar, burning bright and 
difi^using fragrance, till not a remnant could be seen.'' 

Dormeb, Bobebt, S.J. — This worthy Jesuit had resided 
at Odstock, Stapehill, and Beckford ; but I look in vain for 
his period of service in these places. His final destination 
was Wappenbury, whence he passed to our Lord 4th May, 
1792, in his sixty-seventh year. 

Doublet. — ^In 1810 I remember this French abb^, who 
had long been resident at Shaftesbury, and had the charge 
of the faithful there. The chapel was much larger than I 
had expected. He quitted at the restoration of the 
Bourbons. 

DouBLENs, Louis. — Bcforc the French Revolution, he was 
a canon of Arras Cathedral ; at the emigration he took up 
his station at Bath, where he was much respected and 
esteemed for his integrity and polished manners. At the 
request of Bishop CoUingridge, he consented to become 
director to the good nuns at Lanheme, where he arrived on 
7th September, 1827. There he finished his earthly course 
on 30th October, 1839, set. eighty-five, and was buried in 
the convent cemetery. The venerable man had never 
occasion to wear spectacles. 

DowDiNG, Hilary, O.S.B. — This amiable monk of 
Ampleforth, since 1832, gave his valuable services to the 
Cheltenham mission from 1843 to 1849 ; since which time, 
I am informed, he has been settled at Little Crosby, near 
Liverpool. 



288 BIOaBAPHICAL LIST 07 THB CLERGY. 

DuBuissoN. — This abb^ was long a resident at Weymouth, 
and had charge of the Catholics there. He quitted in July, 
1822, for his native country, where he died, that winter, 
aged seventy-six. 

DucHEMiN. — In the iSrst part of these gleanings^ page 118, 
I stated that this respected French abb^ had the charge of 
the Gloucester mission &om January, 1804, until the sum- 
mer of 1816. He then returned to lus native country. In 
a letter which I received from Caen, bearing date 6th 
January, 1845, I read that he died at Bayeux, a model of 
the ecclesiastical spirit, about ten years before, — " il y a pen 
pres dix ans,'' — probably late in 1836. 

Dtjck (Basil), James, O.S.B., bom July 18th, 1813, at 
Berwick Hall, co. Northumberland ; professed at Downside, 
October 30th, 1831 ; ordained priest, 23rd February, 1839. 
After being employed at Whitehaven from February, 1840, 
he was appointed to Cheltenham, vice Glassbrooke.^ 

Dullard (Benedict), James, O.S.B., born in Ireland, 
1793, and entered amongst the Augustinians. After serving 
Cannington for a time, he felt a vehement desire to enlist 
himself under the banner of St. Benedict. His wish was 
granted, and he went through his novitiate at Douay with 
great fervour and edification, under the prior, now the 
bishop of Port Louis, in the Mauritius, Dr. William Bernard 
Collier. At present my good friend is attached to St. Bene- 
dict's Convent, near Stafford. 

DuNscoMBE, Augustine, O.S.B. — ^All that I can collect of 
him is, that he was a native of Devon ; was professed at 
Lambspring 11th July, 1722, and died in England on 6th 
December, 1736. 

Duval, Jacques Florin, formerly cure de St. Remi, in 
the diocese of Constance. On the death of the Rev. James 
Willacey, he succeeded to the direction of the convent at 
Canford, and died in that office twelve years later, viz., 
30th March, 1817, aet. fifty-six. 

Duval. — This French Lazarite was much esteemed by 
Bishop Collingridge. He was the author of the " Letters on 
Quakerism.^' For many years he was attached as chaplain 
to the French Prison at Stapleton, near Bristol, where he 
died 9th March, 1814, aged eighty-four. 

* Q. Was not Dom Ambrose Duck his elder brother? This rood 
Benedictine was pastor at Downside from 1QS5 to 1837, and finished his 
earthlv course at Brislington on 18th September, 1848, ct. fifty-two. 
Rel. thirty-three ; sac. twenty-three. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEROT. 

DwTEB^ James, bom in the parish of the Holy Cross, 
Thurles, 9th July, 1805 ; he was educated at Carlow^ and 
proceeded, in 1826, to the English College at Bome, but 
finished his theology at St. Sulpice, at Paris ; he was ordained 
by Bishop Baines in 1829. After making the round of the 
missions of Poole, Weymouth, and Tawstock, he started for 
Ireland to assist his bishop in the organization of the New 
College at Thurles, but was soon back again at Tawstock ; 
thence he was off to Bangor, then to Poole again, thence to 
Talacre ; and after a few more tossings about, he sailed for 
the Mauritius with Bishop Collier in June, 1845. 



E. 

EccLEs, James, S.J., bom 14th October, 1822, at Wigan. 
After studying humanities at Stony hurst, he entered the society 
7th September, 1839, and was sent to the Jesuits' College at 
Tronchiennes, near Ghent, where, with his fellow collegian, 
F. Joseph John Bond, already mentioned in this compilation, 
he received the higher orders. On his return to England 
he filled various offices at Mount St. Mary's, near Chester- 
field, and succeeded the writer of these notes, as incumbent of 
St. Nicholas, Exeter, on 6th October, 1851.* Proficias— 
'' Bene prosperare,'' Ps. 117. 

Edgewokth, Francis, O.S.P., born in London 26th April, 
1799 ; at an early age took the Franciscan habit ; after his 
ordinations, was appointed incumbent at St. Peter's, Bir- 
mingham, a situation which he resigned in August, 1824, 

* Most cordially I congratulate this mv successor for having accom- 
plished the poor school, attached to the cnapel, as mentioned in Part I. 
p. 26. For several years, 1 may sav, in justice to myself, I had hired 
rooms in four different places for the purpose ; but when a committee 
of the congregation applied for the very site of the present school to 
erect their building, F. Charles Brooke, then residing in the court, as 
well as myself, alleged as reasons for declining the grant, ** the fear of 
confining the air, of obstructing the light, of occasioning much noise, 
and of bringing the Catholic and the numerous Wesle^ran scholars, at 
the very next door, into too much contact and familiarity." On 18th 
January, 1846, the committee came to a resolution expressive of regret 
at this obstacle to their wishes, ^'trusting that the same originates with 
a fear of the Rev. Dr. O. ana the Rev. C. Brooke, that the funds for 
such an object would not be forUicoming." The sum of £44. 6s» was 
subscribed on promise ; and of this, nearly one fourth was deducted by 
death or emigration. But thanks to God, better times came, and the 
work has succeeded. 



290 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLKBOT, 

when Bishop Collingridge placed him at Weymouth, where 
he continued until the spring of 1825, when he received direc- 
tions to succeed the Bey. John Burke at St. Joseph's Chapel, 
Bristol. In Chapter XII. of the first part I have followed 
out the rest of his biography, concluding with his sudden 
death 16th November, 1850 : B.I.P. But I am anxious to 
perpetuate the memory of the decision of mind, the personal 
courage, and tender humanity which the reverend gentleman 
displayed during the outrageous riots of Bristol in the begin- 
ning of November, 1831, and which merited for him a civic 
crown. And I cannot do so better, than by republishing 
the letter of a dear old friend, Dr. Carpenter, Unitarian 
minister, formerly of Exeter, and then a resident in Bristol. 
It wiU repay the perusal.* 

* A letter respecting the late outrages, inserted in the Bristol 
Mercury /— 

To the Editor of the Bristol Msrcury, 

Monday, Nov. 7, 1831. 

Sir, — In Fduc Farl^'*s Bristol Journal^ of Saturday, are inserted 
parts of a letter which appeared in the Globe of Thursday last, under 
the signature of Publicota^ and dated November the 1st. As Felix 
Farley has omitted what appears to me important, I b^ you to do me 
the favour of inserting the whole, as it appears in the OMfe, excepting 
two or three typographical errors. I place in brackets the parts Felix 
Farl^ has omitted, and leave your readers to divine his reasons for 
themselves. 

** riQ your journal of Saturday night you say, * There are two things 
which must strike all observers — ^by how small a band of persons a 
formidable riot may be made in a town ; and again, how vast are the 
crowds in England who have every temptation to make riots, from their 
own poverty, and the want of any organized force to oppose them.' I read 
the passage yesterday, after having witnessed the trutn of it in the late 
horrid outrages, particularly of Sunday afternoon and night. I think 
the riot of Saturday greatly the result of political exacerbation directly 
personal to Sir Charles Wetherell, though much aided by the purposes 
of the public depredators who have been training in the streets ot Bristol 
for the last six or eight years. There was no disorder when the 199 
threw out the Bill ; and there would have been none if Sir Charles 
Wetherell had stayed away. He ou^ht to have resigned his post as judge, 
when he chose that of a violent political partizan« But] the aggressions 
on Sunday morning, beginning soon after seven at the Mansion-house, 
were for plunder ; and the consumption of intoxicating liquors there, 
the perfect unrestrainedness with which for a time the mob went on, 
and afterwards (between ten and eleven) the firing of the Blues in 
College-green, and tbeir subsequent removal from the city, gave the 
next stage the character of power and vengeance. [About half-past one 
the worst began ; and the character of the mob was much changed. 
They were now the mob of destruction, ¥rithout personality.] There 
was a method in their proceedings, which showed men practised^ in 
villany and violence ; and a compactness in their movements, which 
proved that they were under leaders. The mob that committed the 
mhseqnent outrages was never laige altogether ; and in its parties, as at 



BIOOKAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLBB07. 291 

Edisvobd,- JoHN^ S.J., whose real name was Swabrick, 
bom in Lancashire Ist February, 1788 ; joined the society in 
1760; deven years later I find him chaplain to the Hon.* 
Mr. Arondell, at Salisbury. Soon after he removed to 

the Bishop's-palacOy it was a small number that did the mischief. 
When the greatest outrages began, and tlie city was in truth surrendered 
to them, the outside number was from fire to six hundred. I saw them 
myself, soon after two on Sunday, coming down Clare-street (our prin- 
cipal street) just after they had broken open the Bridewell, and then on 
their way to the jail. They had bludgeons generally ; and some had 
axes^ iron palisades (from the Mansion-house probably), and sledge- 
hammers. All that 1 noticed were the dregs of the city ; and a la^ 
part were under twenty years of age. Proceeding as they now did, 
without the slightest opposition, they went on in the work of destruction 
(still principaUy of pumic property) ; but others pillaging in the line of 
Queen-square from the Mayoralty, till about ten, I think, the Custom- 
house (about ten houses from it) was on fire ; and from that period the 
reckless destruction of private pro]>erty (ending in the complete burning 
of two sides of the square, which is about 560 feet each way), and the 
wildness of the plunder, were horrid and infamous in the extreme. It 
is my deliberate conviction, that a firm, prompt, and vigorous magis- 
tracy miffht, in the early part of Sunday morning, by requiring (as 
yesterday) the constabulary aid of the inhabitants, have suppressed the 
riot ; and that even when ue mob had become inflamed by mastership 
and liquor, eighty or a hundred regular soldiers, or four times that 
number of resolute and partially armed citizens, might have prevented 
all that folUowed. But all was helpless and hopeless." 

I have nothing to correct in the forgoing, except that the sledge- 
hammers with which the jail was broken open were got from a neigh- 
bouring manufactory, and were all returned except two ; and nothing 
to add, in this connection, but that the attack of the populace on the 
Blues OB Sunday morning seems to have been much owing to the 
melancholy event the preceding midnight, when a man was sabred who 
was in no wav ooncemed in the riot at the Council House, though he 
certainly ought not to have been in the streets. But I proceed to other 
objects. 

it was with sentiments of deep indignation that I read the commence- 
ment of FeUx Fa/rU^i leading article on Saturday last, with its com- 
mentary in a letter signed ^ M." in the second page of the same, inserted 
on the responsibility of the acting editor, proceed from whatever quarter 
it may. Many of your readers may not nave seen the passages in the 
BfisM Journal to which I refer ; and I here offer them to their perusal. 
When thev have given it, I expect that they will share in my ** senti- 
ments of deep indignation." 

The leading article of Felix Farl^ thus begins : — 

** THB THRSB DAYS OF BRISTOL ! ! 

** It was on the 0th day of September last year that Charles Pinney, 
Esq., presided at a public meeting of some of the inhabitants of tms 
city, held in the GuUdhall, called for the purpose of eonmtulating the 
French nation upon their Revolution, and the events of &b Three Dajrs 
of July ! ! Strange fatality ! ! — ^that the same gentleman should, in his 
capacity as Mayor of Bristol, within little more than a twelvemonth 
aiierwiurdsy have to witness the first act of the tragedy of Reform, if not 

u 2 



292 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBBGT. 

Exeter, where he cultivated the vineyard with exemplary 
zeal and charity, and made himself much respected by his 
natural bonhommie and frankness. His death was occa- 

of Revolation, which has been since commenced in his own country 1 1 
With what deeds of incendiarism and outrage, characterized by pusil* 
lanimity and folly, if not sanctioned and provoked bv some branc&es of 
the constituted authorities of the realm, tliis tragedy nas been perform- 
ing in Bristol, must and can be only publicly known and authenticated 
when those forms of legal inquiry have been gone into, which it is the 
duty of his Majesty's ministers without an bourns delay to institute." 

This is in the third page : the commentary is in the second, and in 
about the same sized type ; it caught my eye before the leading article. 
It is as follows : — 

** THS TRREB DATS. 

^ To the Editor of the Bristol Journal 

** Sir, — ^Permit me to congratulate those of your fellow-ciUzens who 
met last year, and passed resolutions expressive of their admiration of 
the conduct of the Parisian mob during the celebrated * Three Days»* 
and which they transmitted by a deputation to the French capitaL 
Permit me to congratulate those gentlemen that they have had their 
* Three Days,' promoted and brought about, I firmly believe, by their 
conduct and that of their party here and elsewhere, on that and other 
occasions.** 

In that solemn investigation which all demand, and which ought to 
be searching, comprehensive, and complete, let the censure of occasion- 
ing or of not restraining the riots of Saturday, and the horrid outrages 
of Sunday and of Monday morning, rest wherever truth requizes, and 
in the degree it requires ; but those who know Mr. Pinney will not, 
whatever may prove to be his just share^ forget his known humanity 
an^ I doubt not^ religions conscientiousness ; nor the extraordinary 
position in which he, wnose liberal sentiments are on record, stood, as 
associated with a magistracy whose views were, on almost all the great 
topics of the times, diametrically opposite to his own. But the very 
circumstance that such an investigation is called for by all parties, and 
must be institnted, ought to have prevented the exasperating imputa- 
tions of FeHs Farley and his coadjutor ** M." 

If these lines should reach the eye of Mr. Pinney, let them tell him 
that he need not agmvate his present emotions by reflecting on him- 
self for the honounble share he took in the most honourable meeting I 
ever witnessed in Bristol— eminently marked as it was by order, by 
elevated sentiments, by the eloquence of truth and of hope for human 
welfare, and by the noblest kind of enthusiasm ; that it may be confi- 
dently affirmea that not one who took part in that meeting, by speaking 
or by voting, will be fotmd to have haa any share in the riots ot Satur- 
day ; that nothing which passed there had a tendency to produce a 
spirit of riot and of outrage ; that neither in respect to its speakers, nor to 
its proceedings, nor to its spirit, nor to its tendency, had it the remotest 
connection with the recent erils ; and (what may outweigh all the 
imputations of those who haw scattered firebrands) that to that meeting, 
and other similar expresrions of the people of England, may be mainly 
attributed that confidence on the part of the king of France, and the 
leading men of that country, in the kindly disposition of the English 
nation towards them, which has so powerfully aided the wise and tern- 



< BIOOBAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBOT. 298 

sioned by datching the jail fever in 'his attendance on the 
prisoners in the Old Jail^ near the Castle of Exeter^ on 
Saturday, 20th November, 1789. In examining the parish 

perate course of Lord Grey and his coadjutors in their efforts to preserve 
peace between the two greatest nations in Europe. To such meetings 
mav be greatly attributed the jojrful fact that we are now at peace and 
in nienaship with France, and with her aid have prevented all Europe 
from being again involved in the horrors of war. 

I might have written the foregoing even if Felix Farley , as editor, and 
as responsible for ^ M.** had stopped here ; but to ** M^'s" charge on those 
frienos of liberty and humanity who met to express their sentiments on 
the French Revolution — (I am happy that I was myself at my post)— 
that they have had their <* Three Days," promoted and brought about 
by their conduct, &c., is appended a postscript, marked by oase and 
calumnious insinuation, ana (in the circumstances of the case) by deep 
malignity ; the more aggravated in its character, because the humane 
and honourable individual to whom it alludes is so noted in it, that there 
is no room to doubt who is meant, but with that degree of caution which 

Erevents the legal chastisement that either ** M." or FeUxFarl^ would 
ave incurred. The postscript is as follows :— 
*^ P.S. I have not time to add some particulars of the conduct of — « 
. and of an Irish priest of the name of ■ , on this melanchoy 
occasion, in front of the Mansion House and elsewhere, but shidl hold 
them in reserve to be communicated, if not done by some other hand." 
There are but two Catholic priests in Bristol ; one of them is but 
recently come to reside here ; the other is well known, and by all who 
know him r^arded as a gentleman of true respectability. Neither of 
them is an Irishman ; but one (with a name of Irish associations) waa^ 
during the fatal afternoon, and during a larger part of the horrid nighL 
much in front of the Mansion House and cJaewhere, sometimes attended 
by his colleague, but in part alone, — ^private duties requiring the attend- 
ance of one, and the one most and longest known beine likely to be most 
usefiil. This individual's name is uie Rev. Francis Edgeworth. I 
honoured him before ; but for his conduct during that period which 
succeeded the new and decided stage of die outrages on Sunday — ^the 
attack on the Bridewell— I honour him still more highly. It was marked 
by judgment, by promptness, by personal courage, by humanitv, and by 
moral nrmness. If four or five men could have come forward with the 
ofier which he made at three o'clock on Sunday afternoon, a force would 
have been at the magistrates' command sufficient to repel the outrages ; 
for he and his colleague pledged themselves to them to find immediately 
two hundred able and steady men. He was indeed ** much in front of 
the Mansion House and elsewhere ;" for he was in the scenes of devas- 
tation from eight on Sunday evening till half-past Uiree on Monday 
morning. During that period he was engaged in endeavouring (as 
opportunity jpresented) to check the progress of depredation, and in pre- 
vailing on aU he knew to desist firom &kinff that which they pleaded 
would otherwise be soon destroyed. Wlien he saw reason to uink that 
the Custom House would be attacked, he obtained admission from the 
Kin^-street side, and told one of iiie official gentlemen that his presence 
would prevent any of the poor Irish from assaulting the premises, and 
offered that negative assistance. His presence and assistance were 
tliankfully received, and he continued below for about three quarters of 
an hour, till few remained belonging to the place, and in less than a 



294 mOORAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLSBOY. 

register of St. Olave's Chureh^ in which he was buried^ I find 
'' Rev. John Edisford, minister of the Catholics in this inty, 
was buried on the 24th of Noyember^ 1789/' 

Ellis, Philip Michael, O.S.B., Bight Rev. — ^This third 
son of Rev. John Ellis, rector of Waddesden, Bucks, by his 
wife Susannah Welbore, whilst a pupil at Westminster 
School, was called to the Catholic faith and to the grace of 
religion in St. Gregory's Convent, Douay, where he was pro« 
fessed 30th Novemoer, 1670, let. eighteen. 

quarter of an hour witnessed the asBSult of the mob, followed by the 
speedy destruction of the building. ** Before I Quitted the square,** he 
says, in a letter with which, at my request^ he has favoured me, ^ I looked 
on all sides for any of the poor Irish. I saw none of them but as spec* 
tators. Those 1 earnestly, and I believe suooessfully, exhorted to return 
to their homes. But now spirits and wine were the object of fierce con- 
test in various parts of the square. I had no hope that my presence 
could avail any longer. Several gentlemen had been struck and robbed." 
I pass by other particulars, but must add one extract which gives a 
touching picture of the true Christian pastor. I belong not to Mr. Edge- 
worth's communion ; but I believe that the Church of Christ exists 
amonff all denominations ; and of that Church he is one : — 

" The Monday I spent mostly, as did my friend Mr. O. F." (the Rev. 
O. Farrell, his colleague), ^ in visiting all the streets and lanes with 
which we are well acquainted, and in almost every house and every 
room, eaq>laining to the poor creatures the danger of even standinjg at 
their doors, much more of Quitting their homes, during the coming night. 
We warned them, too, of uie crime of keeping any part of the plunder ; 
and, as we knew they had been induced to receive it, we urged them to 
place it wherever the mayor should direct Some few did this ; many 
did not, or at least hesitated, until the active force of constables, of Mon- 
day afternoon's formation, surprised them in the possession of stolen 
property, and left no time for voluntary restitution.*^ 

Many, I doubt not, in the horrid night of Sunday, showed the noble 
qualities which marked the conduct of Mr. Edgeworth ; I shall rejoice 
to hear that some surpassed him in the efforts for useful service. If 
^* M." has a mind capable of generous feeling, I have heaped coals of 
fire on his head. 

As to y the other person darkly hinted at in the postscript, 

if by this is designated one of tnose to whom ** M.'s " letter refers, and 
who also, at intervals^ was much in the neighbourhood of the Mansion 
House between seven on Saturday evening and half-past three on Sun- 
day afternoon, I have the power of staUng, in his benalf, that whatever 
he did during the late melancholy period was in the discharge of public 
or private duty ; that for the latter he had, about three, the thanks of 
magistrates in their room at Guildhall ; and that he has the great satis- 
faction, in the review of his course since the Three Days of Paris (and he 
mav say of his public course generally), of perceiving that every step 
he has taken has been designed, and (as he believes) has tended, to pro- 
mote the good order, the improvement, and the general welfare of society ; 
and that there is not one which, in similar circumstances, he would not 
readily take again. Publioola. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBBOT. 296 

The editor of the Ellis Correspondence, vol. i. p. 18, 
ignorantly asserts that '' Philip was kidnapped by the Jesuits, 
and brought up by them in the Roman Catholic religion in 
their College of St. Omer.'' After dul^ qualifying himself 
for the ministry, he was sent to labour in the English vine- 
yard. His abilities recommended him to the notice of King 
James II., who appointed him one of his chaplains and 
preachers. Six of his sermons, the first delivered at Windsor, 
the rest at St. James's, were printed. When Pope Innocent 
XI., on 30th January, 1688, requested that his Majesty 
would nominate three fit subjects to fill the newly-constituted 
Yicariats, the Western Midland and Northern (for the 
Southern or Eastern was to be reserved for Bishop Ley- 
bourne, bishop of Adrumetum, formerly president of Douay 
Coll^e,*^ and who for the last three years had governed the 
whole of England), Dom Ellis, then aged thirty-six, was 
selected for the Western Yicariat, and was consecrated 
bishop on Sunday 6th May, 1688, at St. James's (where the 
king had founded a convent of fourteen Benedictine monks) 
by the title of Aureliopolis. In the second week of July the 
new prelate confirmed a considerable number of youths, some 
of them were converts, in the new chapel of the Savoy. In 
his lordship's letter to his eldest brother, John,t dated firom 
St. James's 26th August, 1688, he describes the uneasiness 
of the court at the preparations making in Holland by 
William Prince of Orange (Ellis Correspondence, vol. ii. 
p. 145). I doubt if this Vicar Apostolic ventured to visit 
his diocese. At the eruption of the Revolution in November 
that year, he was arrested and committed to Newgate; but 
was soon restored to liberty. Foreseeing little prospect of 
serving the cause of religion in such turbulent times, he left 
England for St. Germain's, and after staying some time at 
the court of his exiled sovereign, obtained permission to visit 

* On hiB arrival in London, the king provided him with suitable 
apartments in Whitehall, with a pension of j£l,000. Mr. Macanlay 
(Hist. England, vol. ii, p. 21) will bave it that Bishop Ley bourne was 
A Dominican/ Obiit 1703, est. eighty-three. 

t This John became Under-SecreUry of State to King William III., 
and died s^. in London in 1738, »t. ninety-three. The second brother, 
Sir William Ellis, Knight, was Secretary of State to his exiled sove- 
reign, and died at Rome in 173i, also without issue. The younger 
brother to Philip, viz. Welbore Ellis, was made Bishop of Killala in 
1705, and translated to the valuable See of Meath in 1731 ; he died in 
January, 173i, leaving a family ennobled with the titles of Mendip, 
Clifden, and Dover. The next brother, Samuel, was marshal of the 
King's Bench ; and Charles^ the youngest brother, took orders in the 
Established Church. 



296 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEROT. 

the eternal city. In 1693 Pope Innocent XII. made him an 
assistant prelate to the throne : and six years later, says 
Weldon, " on the feast of St. Louis^ he snng the High Mass 
in the French church at Rome before many cardinals, invited 
and received by the Cardinal de Bouillon. The prince of 
Monaco, ambassador of France, being then incognito^ assisted 
in a tribune." Resigning his Western Vicariat,* his Holi- 
ness Clement XI. prdTerred him to the vacant see of Segni 
in Campagna di Roma in 1708. There he founded a semi- 
nary, over which he watched with parental zeal and solicitude. 
In November, 1710, he held a synod in the choir of his 
cathedral^ which was hung with i^ed silk for the occasion ; 
about seventy of his clergy attended, all of whom he enter- 
tained with generous hospitality. The acts of this synod 
were much approved of, and were ordered to be printed and 
published by the above-mentioned Pope. In addition to many 
meritorious deeds, he substantially repaired and embellished 
his episcopal palace; to his cathedral he left a splendid 
mitre and some costly vestments ; but the bulk of Ins pro- 
perty he bequeathed to his beloved seminary. A dropsy of 
the chest carried him off on 16th November, 1726, set. 
seventy-four, and his honoured remains were deposited in the 
centre of the Seminary Church. Pope Leo XII. kindly 
gave Bishop Ellis's library and ring to Bishop Baines for the 
use of his successors in the Western District. I must 
refer the reader to the Rambler of April 1851, p. 351, for an 
account of the sermons of this eminent divine. 

A beautiful portrait of the bishop, engraved by Meyer, is 
prefixed to ** the EUis Correspondence,'* edited by the Hon. 
George Agar Ellis, in two vols, octavo, 1829. 

Elmer, Jocelin, O.S.B., a native, I understand, of the West 
of England, although I cannot discover the precise locality, 
was elected prior of St. Laurence's Convent at Dieulwart, 
near Verdun, in the diocese of Toul and Province of Lorraine, 
at the first general chapter holden at St. Andrew's House, 
Paris, Ist June, 1617; and his system of government gave 
such satisfaction, that he was re-elected on 2nd July, 1629, 
for twelve consecutive years. According to Weldon, he died 

* I have seen in a M.S., written more than a century ago, that when 
the bishop quitted England, and could not presently return, he applied 
for a coaoiutor to act for him until his majesty's restoration, which it 
was hoped would be no distant event. He was told either to retam to 
the Western Vicariat or resign. He preferred the latter. After some years 
Dr. Andrew GifFard was selected by the title of Bishop of Centuric, but 
declined, on the plea of old age. Obiit 14th September, 1714 ; buried at 
St. Pancras. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 297 

on Ist July, 1651, "famous for his holy and severe life, by 
which he gave great edification everywhere/' 

English, Ferdinand Edward, D.D., son of John English, 
of Bath, Esq., by his wife Frances {n£e Huddleston), born 
9th June, 1819 ; went to Eome at the age of twenty ; was 
made D.D. in August, 1843, and in December the same year 
was ordained priest, and appointed vice-rector of the English 
College under Dr. Baggs. In 1846 he revisited England for 
some months; and soon after his return went on a mission 
to Malta. In 1848 he finally left Bome on account of his 
health, and was appointed by Bishop Ullathome to the mis- 
sion of Cannington. In 1850 his present Holiness conferred 
upon him the distinction of Cameriere di onore; and in 1852 
he was installed a canon of Clifton CathedraL But his 
honours cannot stop here. 

English, Lewis Bernard, D.D., a brother worthy of the 
preceding ; bom in 1826. At the age of nineteen he went 
to the English College at Rome, and five years later, in 1850, 
was ordained priest; and received the doctor's cap and the 
appointment of vice-rector of the college under Dr. Grant, 
now bishop of Southwark. In 1852 his Holiness placed him 
at the head of the Collegio Pio at Rome, which, though a 
distinct establishment from the Old English College, having 
its own superior and different regulations, is for greater 
convenience brought under the same roof. Crescat in mille 
millia ! 

Errington, George, Most Rev., bom at Clintz, near 
Richmond, in Yorkshire, about the Feast of the Exaltation 
of the Holy Cross, in September, 1804; was educated at 
Ushaw, and formed one of the colony of students to open 
the Old English College at Rome in 1818, which Pope 
Pius YII., in his zeal for religion, had made over to the 
secular clergy. Since that era, it is wonderful to enumerate 
the host of leamed, saintly, and efficient ecclesiastics that 
have issued from its inclosure. Amongst the most honoured 
names, is the subject of this memoir. Distinguished by 
virtue and erudition, after receiving the priesthood and the 
degree of D.D., he returned to his native country. For some 
time he presided over the studies in St. Mary's College, 
Oscott; then St. Nicholas's Chapel, Liverpool, had the 
benefit of his pastoral zeal ; but here his stay was short, for 
his services were required at Salford, where he completed 
and opened the noble Church of St. John, which stands an 
eternal monument of his taste and piety. When the 



298 BIOOAAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLSSGY. 

Uerarchy was established for England at Michaelmas^ 1850, 
the energetic Br. Errington was thought the fittest to reTive 
and revigorate the poverty-stricken and 'forlorn condition 
of the faithful dispersed over Dorset, Devon^ and Corn- 
wall, which was assigned for the diocese of Plymouth. He 
saw nothing but labour before him; but he knew it was 
the work of God^ and he cheerfully submitted to the labour 
of the yoke and burden. On the 25th July, 1851, he was 
consecrated bishop of Plymouth, in his Church of St. John, 
by Cardinal Wiseman, together with his old college friend. 
Dr. William Turner, who fortunately, as bishop of Salford, 
found a cathedral church already prepared for him. Our 
new prelate hastened to his diocese. It was amusing to see 
in our provincial journals what rumours were rife against 
him, — tiiat a protest was to be handed to him against his 
" assumption '' of the title, — that the parsons were on the 
qui vive, — that a regular, formal, and defiant challenge 
would be given, when he came to discuss his principles, &c. 
(See Devonport Journal 7th August, 1851, &c.) But this 
bubble of excitement soon burst, and John Bull awoke from 
his dream about '^ Papal aggression,^' and recovered his 
good-humour. 

On reaching his diocese in August, the good biahop, at the 
invitation of the late lamented Edmund P. R. Bastard, Esq., 
took up his residence at Kitley until October, when he fixed 
himself at St. Mary's, Stonehouse, and won the respect of 
the public by his affability, business-like habits, self-denying 
character, and unobtrusive conduct. He was indefatigable 
in visiting every part of his diocese, in attending the confer- 
ences of the clergy, and the meetings of his chapter. In 
1852 he gave a spiritual retreat to his clergy at Ugbrooke, 
and there also held a synod on 14th, 15th, and 16th 
February, 1854. It is true to say that he infused a new 
spirit in his diocese ; and I may apply to him the words of 
Job (chapter iv.), ^'Ecce, docuisti multos, et manus lassas 
roborasti ; vacillantes confirmaverunt sermones tui, et genua 
trementia confortasti.'' 

Cardinal Wiseman, archbishop of Westminster, requiring 
a coadjutor, obtained of Pope Pius IX., that Dr. Errington 
might be his associate. The necessary bulls, creating his lord- 
ship archbishop of Trebizonde, bear date 30th March, 1855. 

In consequence of the vacancy in the see of Clifton by 
the death of Bishop Burgess, 27th November, 1854, his 
Grace has been filling for some time the additional office of 
Apostolic Administ^ttor of that diocese also. To use the 
words of the old registrar of St. Alban's Abbey : " Tibi 



BIOOBAFHICAL LIST OF THB CLBROT. 299 

igitnr ea sit meroes^ quee dari solet illis^ qui ad honorem 
Ecclesiffi laudabiliter student opera in temporibus snia" 

'^Facilis minimorum heec vota dientum suscipe. Dent 
longse superi tibi tempora vits canitiemque sacram et plenos 
virtutibus annos/' 



Fairfax, Thomas, S.J. — ^This experienced priest and 
eminent oriental scholar, often passed by the name of 
Beckett ; he was appointed, in the reign of James II., to a 
Professorship in Magdalen College, O^ord ; but amidst the 
fanatical violence of the Revolution, narrowly escaped with 
his life. In 1 701 he was living as procurator in London. 
In 1710, I believe, he was residing at Wardour. In the 
Annual Letters of that year I read, " eminet zelo et fructu 
inter alios P. Thomas Fairfax.^' I meet him there again, 
4th April, 1711, when Bishop Bonaventure Giffard, of 
London (who had the charge of the Western District also, 
from the resignation of Bishop Ellis imtil the appointment 
of Bishop Prichard), visited Wardour. He is mentioned by 
the late Dr. Kirk in vol. ii. of the " Catholicon," p. 131. 
His death occurred on 2nd March, 1816, aged sixty. 

Falkener, John, S.J., of Dorsetshire. — This learned 
missioner was banished the realm in 1618, but returned to 
his apostolic labours, and resigned his soul to God on 7th 
July, 1656, set. eighty-three, soc. fifty-two. I have described 
his works in page 88 of the Collectanea S.J. 

Fanning, John. — ^This able and zealous ecclesiastic was 
bom near Thurles, co. Tipperary, on 10th November, 
1805. After completing a course of humanities and philo- 
sophy in his native country, he proceeded to Prior-park, 
14th September, 1836, to pursue his theological studies, and 
there was promoted to holy orders. 

His first mission was Taunton, on which he entered, 
Saturday, 16th October, 1841. Under his charge his fiock 
considerably increased in number and merit. To oblige his 
Right Rev. friend. Bishop Hendren, he consented to sepa- 
rate himself from his attached congregation, and to expose 
himself as a forlorn hope to recover the misapplied funds of 
the well-founded but impoverished mission of Tiverton. 
Here he displayed his characteristic tact and energy, from 
the Advent of 1848 to the Advent of 1850, when he was 
allowed to return to the scene of his first labours, to the 
delight of his numerous acquaintance. But trials now 



800 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

awaited him with the appointment of the new bishop^ 
Dr. Burgess^ who made a demand of £85 from the salary of 
Taunton^ the interest of moneys supposed to have been 
advanced by Bishop Collingridge to the place some twenty 
years before Mr. Fanning^'s appointment to it. To such a 
deduction Mr. Fanning veiy properly demurred. The bishop 
then offered him an exeat into the Midland or Birmingham 
diocese^ but not into the Plymouth. Finding that he could 
not remain with any comfort where he was^ and that 
Dr. UUathome, who, whilst Vicar Apostolic of the Western 
District, before his promotion to the see of Birmingham, had 
always befriended him, and now offered to receive him, he 
bade adieu to his beloved flock on Sexagesima Sunday, 
30th January, 1858. His sorrowing congregation, on this 
parting, presented him with a purse of sovereigns and the 
following address. 

" We, the undersigned, have heard with grief and dismay 
that you are to be separated from us. Since you became 
our pastor^ on 16th October, 1841, you have been all to all, 
— enlightening, counselling, edifying, and consoling us. The 
prospects of religion have wonderfully brightened here; for 
you have conciliated the good opinion of our brethren, of 
every creed and party, by the urbanity of your manners, 
and the benevolence of your character. We had hoped 
that you would have been spared to us for many years to 
come ; and our only consolation is, that you will be received 
with open arms in another diocese. Though absent, you 
will ever live in our hearts and memories. 

" Be pleased, reverend father, to accept the accompanying 
tribute of our gratitude ; and be assured, that our prayers 
shall never cease for your prosperity. You will leave us 
your cherished blessing, and we feel confident that you will 
be mindful of us, your now sorrowful and very attached 
children in Jesus Christ, when you stand at His holy altar. 

" Taunton, 30th January, 1858.'* 

My reverend Mend was immediately appointed to the 
vacant mission of Chipping Norton, co. Oxford; but his 
good bishop, on 80th June, the same year (1858), transferred 
him to the important station at Wolverhampton, co. Staf* 
ford, where hQ opened, on Ist May, 1855, the noble Church 
of SS. Mary and John, with unprecedented solemnity, and 
where he continues to labour with apostolic zeal and success, 
especially amongst the poor representatives of Jesus Christ. 

Farmer, alias Yenner, Amandus, O.S.B. — ^AU that I 
can glean of this good monk of Dieulwart Convent is from 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBOT. 801 

Weldon's Notes^ p. 138^ to the effect that he was a native of 
DevoBi a sedulous missioner^ and a great sufferer in long im- 
prisonments and other persecutions patiently endured for the 
faith, and that he died in London 10th November, O.S., 1628. 

Fenn, John, bom at Montacute, co. Somerset; quitted 
England soon after the accession of Queen Elizabeth, and 
for forty years was chaplain to the English Augustinian Nuns 
at Louvain. Full of days and merits, he ce^ed to live on 
27th December, 1615. 

Fbnn, James, brother of John aforesaid, a priest of pro- 
found wisdom and piety, and a special lover of holy poverty. 
He cultivated the vineyard chiefly in his native county, 
where he reconciled several persons of distinction to the 
Catholic Church. F. Warforid assures us that ''he was 
apprehended in the public road near the house of a Catholic 
gentleman, named Oiles Bernard, who suffered much perse- 
cution on that account. This house was near Sydney House, 
Lqpdon.'' He was butchered at Tyburn 12th February, 
1584. See Challoner's Memoirs. 

Fenn, Robert, brother to the two preceeding worthies, of 
Douay College, that storehouse of learned and pious champions 
of orthodoxy. Dr. Bridgewater in the " Concertatio," re- 
cords how constantly he had endured imprisonment, torture, 
and banishment in testimony of the truth. 

Ferousson, Thomas Tierney, D.D., born of a good family 
17th November, 1818. He was destined for the army — ^was 
duly appointed to a regiment serving in the East-Indies, and 
actually reached Calcutta to join it, when his elder brother, 
an officer in the same, was carried off by death. The shock 
of losing him at such a moment caused him to throw up 
his commission, which, by dint of family influence, was 
given to his younger brother, William, who also died of 
fever six weeks after joining the regiment. The subject of 
this memoir proceeded to Sidney with the intention of 
returning to his family; but being introduced into some 
Catholic society, studied our doctrines, and was reconciled 
to the Church in the course of the year 1888. Repair- 
ing to Rome he was, at his earnest request, admitted a 
student in the College of the Propaganda. By his ecclesias- 
tical fervor of spirit and assiduity in study, he won the 
esteem of his rector, F. Grassi, and of Cardinal Fransoni, 
who promoted him to subdeaconship, on Tuesday 19th March, 
1844, in the College Church ; to the rank of deacon at St. 
John Lateran's on Saturday 23rd March the same year; and 



802 BIOGRAPB1CAL LIST OF THS CLSEGT. 

to the priesthood, two days later, by Bishop Baggs; and the 
friendly oardinal, as a mark of his special approbation, re- 
quired that he should receive the ring and cap of D.D. before 
he quitted the college. He had proposed to return to Sidney 
to difiFiise the light of faith, which there had first beamed on 
his soul; but the cardinal advised him to accompany to 
England Dr. Baggs, who had been appointed to the charge of 
the Western Vicariat, vacant since the death of Bishop Baines. 
He reached Prior-park with his lordship on 80th May, 1844, 
After remaining there for some time, the bishop sent him for 
three months to Shortwood , and thence to Tawstock, where 
he arrived on 6th October, 1844. Here he introduced vocal 
and instrumental music, and incr^ised his congregation by 
his zeal, and won the esteem of the neighbourhood by his 
polished address. But his letters to me and others showed 
that he was dissatisfied and uneomfbrtabJe and unhappy. 
He quitted in disgust during the Christmas holidays of 1845. 
Proceeding to London, he accepted the situation oif secretary 
to the Catholic Association, and when that was broken jip, , 
took charge of the small congregation at Fairford, co. 
Gloucester. He was then ofifered the incumbency of the 
Fulham mission, the church of which, under the patronage of 
St. Thomas of Canterbury, had been commenced by his 
relative, Mrs. Bowden. Bishop Griffiths laid its first stone 
on 16th June, 1847, and it was opened on 80th May, 1848. 
And there my amiable friend is happy in his laborious 
duties. 

** Sems in codlmn redeas ; diuque Ictus intersb.'' 

Since writing the above, I regret to find that Dr. Fergusson 
has been compelled to resign his mission, in consequence of 
ill-health, on Bth October, 1856. 

FERaALL,(y, Patrick, O.S.F., son of Patrick''^ and Margaret 
O'Ferrall, born in Bristol 2l8t November, 1796, and bap- 
tized on 23rd December by F. Robert Plowden ; in early life 
joined the holy order of St. Francis, and eventually became 
president of the academy at Baddesley Green, between Bir- 
mingham and Warwick, which had been kept up by his 
province for about a century. This having been dissolved in 
1829, Bishop Baines gladly availed himself of the services of 
this able and worthy son of St. Francis, and on 24th De« 
oember, 1830, attached him to St. Joseph^s Chapel, in his 

• From the Register of Baptisms at St. Joseph's, Bristol, '* 1706, 
21 Nov., medio post pomeridisnum, natns Patricius filius, Patricii et 
Margarita Farrel. Baptixatus 23. Susceperunt Patricias Dillon et 
Maria Lee." 



BIOOBAPHICAL LIST 09 THB CLBROT. 808 

native city. Here lie laboured with the seal of an apostle. 
On disoovering that the noble religious edifice in the open 
part of the Qqslj, in Bristol^ erected at the expense of 
£15^000, measuring 90 feet in lengthy 42 in breadth^ with a 
transept of 70 feet^ and opened but in 1840^ was to be sold 
for £5^000 in 1843; that the purchaser would have to pay 
£500 on the 1st of June that year, and on Ist of September 
£2^000, the rest to remain in mortgage; considering that 
such an acquisition would be honourable to the Catholie 
name^ and highly calculated to promote the spiritual welfare 
of innumerable souls, he boldly bid for it, and won the 
prize. It seemed already prepared for Catholic worship; 
and on 5th of July the same year this beautiful church, built 
by the Irvingites, forsooth " for all the members of the one 
holy, catholic, apostolic Church,'' its title being changed for 
St. Mary's, was solemnly dedicated by Bishop Baines on 5th 
tTuly, 1843. It was the last public effort of that eminent 
prelate, for he was found a corpse the very next morning. 
Most properly F. O'Ferrall was installed the first rector of 
St. Mary's, and I cordiaUy hope that one so deserving of 
religion, and who requires an assistant in his extensive 
mission, will meet the generous support of the public. 

FiTz- James, Nicholas, O.S.B., bom at Kedlinch, co. 
Somerset ; professed on 15th May, 1608, and for some years 
filled the office of Master of Novices. The venerable man, 
at the age of ninety-two, died at Stourton, Wilts, on 16th 
May, 1652. 

Fisher, Chables. — In page 44 of Fart I. I have spoken 
oL this talented and wayward priest. He was born at 
Teignmouth, 26th November, 1806, and was the only son of 
Captain Fisher, by his wife. Miss Braham. This captain's 
widow subsequently married Joseph Garrow, of the Brad- 
dons, Torquay, Esq. After a preparatory education at the 
Charter-House, Charles was sent to St. John's College, 
Cambridge, with the view of becoming a minister of the 
Established Church. As he told me himself, doubts of the 
truth of Protestantism here grew upon him in 1827 ; he 
discovered amongst Catholics, he believed, a manifest supe^ 
riority in probity and integrity of morals, and aware that 
Christ's Church was to be recognized by its firuits, he 
hastened to join the Catholic communion. Proceeding to 
Prior-park, then recently opened, he commenced a course of 
ecclesiastical studies to qualify himself for holy orders. 
Knowing, as I did, his impetuosity and excitability of tern* 
perament, I thought it a duty to caution Bishop Baines 



804 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THC CLBRGT. 

against too easily admitting him to the subdiaconate ; he 
acquiesced in my opinion : and sure enough he broke off from 
this bishop^ quitted Prior-park abruptly^ and repaired to 
St. Edmund's College. There he conducted himself, how- 
ever, with so much propriety, that he gained the good 
graces of Bishop Bramston, who ordained him subdeacon in 
the Advent of 1831. Soon after this, he sought a reconcilia- 
tion with Bishop Baines, and, having obtained it, returned 
to Prior-park, and showed such excellent dispositions, that 
his Lordship, in the Advent of 1832, made him deacon, and 
on Saturday in Pentecost week, 1st June, 1833, promoted 
him to priesthood. The good bishop, on the following 
Monday, 3rd June, wrote to me as follows : " I trust he will 
turn out well. He will not be allowed to go out for a 
considerable time, his divinity, &c., being unfinished.'' But 
he was unfortunately allowed almost immediately to go on 
the Talacre mission, whence he was recalled to the college 
for his eccentricities; then he was transferred, in the middle 
of November, 1833, to Chepstow, where he did remain until 
30th June, 1834; and then he was hurried to Axminster, 
17th July next ensuing. Within three months he got 
permission to quit for Lyme, where he laid the foundation- 
stone of the present Church of SS. George and Michael, on 
23rd April, 1835. With his characteristic restlessness, he 
was off to Poole soon after the foimdations appeared above 
ground. Thence he made a tour to the Continent, and 
during his stay at Bome was made a prelate by Pope 
Gregory XVI., 27th January, 1837; but the title of 
Monsignore expired with his Holiness in 1846. Returning 
to England, this clever but wayward priest was employed at 
Torquay, at Chepstow again, at Leamington, at Aldenham 
HaU; but for the last four or five years of his life remained 
unemployed, and from Ascension Day, 1851, was not per- 
mitted to celebrate Mass even in private. By the death of 
his mother and sister he had succeeded to a sufficient main- 
tenance for any reasonable ecclesiastic ; but he was naturally 
extravagant ; and fomenting the secret passion, after many 
warnings, and in spite of bitter remorse of conscience, 
suffered the shipwreck of faith, and went over to the Pro- 
testant Church at Lyme on 29th February, 1852. His child, 
by his cook, he baptized himself; fortunately, the infant, 
dying very soon after the ceremony, was translated into 
paradise. 

My unhappy and most unfortunate friend, about three 
weeks before his death, received a visit from the priest at 
Lyme. Towards the end of the interview he became much 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBRQY. 805 

affected ; and at parting thus addressed him, *' Mr. Kelly, 
you say Mass to-morrow ; pray for me, and recommend me 
to the prayers of the congregation/' Before Mr. Kelly 
could commence the service, he received from him the 
following note : " Mr. Fisher forbids Mr. Kelly naming him 
to the congregation this morning. Mr. Kelly must not 
answer this, nor call again at Mr. Fisher's, as their confer- 
ence has ended." Delirium had seized upon him, and never 
quitted him until death, on Monday night, 5th September, 
1853. He was buried on Saturday, 10th, in the cemetery of 
Monkton Wyld,* near Charmouth. 

For a long time he had given proofs of a disordered mind. 
I trust that a most merciful Grod took pity on him. 
^ So may he rest-— his faults lie gently on him 1 " 

FisH£B, John, S.J., at the age of twenty joined the 
Society, and eight years later was sent to the Devonshire 
mission, where, I think, he died 20th October, 1645, set. 
forty-six. 

FisHSR, Samueld, O.S.F. — This true disciple of the 
seraphic Father was born at Uppingham, co. Rutland, 
20th October, 1792; he succeeded Mr. Baudouin at Taunton 
12th November, 1818. After contributing greatly by his 
eeal and abilities to the propagation of the Catholic faith in 
that town and neighbourhood, he had the comfort of seeing 
the foundation-stone of a public chapel laid in the Crescent on 
13th April, 1821, and of witnessing its opening on Srd July, 
1822. He was ordered, within six months later, to take 
charge of the Poor Clares at Plymouth, where he arrived 
on 3rd January, 1823, and continued with them until they 
left Plymouth for Oravelines on 28th May, 1834 ; but busi- 
ness detained him on the premises till Midsummer of that 
year. Since that period he has been stationed at Llanarth 
Court, CO. Monmouth. 

Flynn, Thomas, O.S.F. — This native of Ireland, a man of 
zeal and of herculean strength, was the first resident incum- 
beut of the laborious mission of Plymouth. His chapel 
was over a stable in the rear of the George Inn, Devonport. 
After nearly ten years of indefatigable zeal, he resigned his 
charge to the Rev. J. Lewis Guilbert in February, 1803, 
and went to Bardstown, now the episcopal see of Kentucky ; 
since then I can learn nothing of him. 

FoGAETY, John, of Ireland. — On his ordinations, he was 

• A perpetual curacy recently formed out of the extensive parish of 
White Church Canonicorum. 



806 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST QF THB CLESOT^ 

sent to Glasgow^ where over-exertion induced exhaostion. 
He came down to Taunton for the benefit of his health, 
and for a short time felt himself equal to the charge of 
the mission there; but was soon obliged to resign. The 
good nuns of the convent harboured this young talented 
missioner, who died 8rd November, 1850, set. twenty-seven, 
of a deep decline, and honourably buried him in their own 
cemetery. May Heaven reward their charity I 

Ford, Thomas. — This native of Devon, abandoning his 
fellowship in Trinity College, Oxford, and all his worldly 
prospects, passed over to Douay College in 1571. In that 
seminary of martyrs he became one of its first priests two 
years later. After spending about six years in the cultiva- 
tion of the vineyard, he was arrested at Lyford, co. Berks, 
17th July, 1581 ; and on 28th May following was barba- 
rously butchered at Tyburn. See Challoner's Memoirs ; and 
also note in the Appendix. 

Forrester, Charles, alias Fleurt, S.J., was bom in 
France 21st April, 1739; entered the Novitiate in 1766. 
From his own narrative we learn that in company with 
F. Edward Howard, S.J., he reached Ostend on Saturday 
evening Srd August, 1767, to pi*ooeed to his destined mission 
at Linstead Lodge, the seat of Lord Teynham. Both desired 
to say Mass the next morning before they sailed for Eng- 
land ; their host managed this, and served them himself at 
three in the morning, but warned them that " un ministre 
Anglican les guettoit soigneusement.^' In effect this plotter 
of mischief had given up his lodging at another inn, and his 
place in another vessel, to be close to, and embark with them. 
On arriving at Dover, his information procured for them 
a strict search at the Custom House ; but Mr. Forrester had 
previously arranged to send their books, relics, kc., by 
another way. Their prying companion stuck close, and 
followed them to Canterburv and thence to Biochester. 
Here Mr. Forrester fortunately met a friend, to whom he 
related how they were dodged. It was then settled that a 
postchaise was to be sent for, into which Mr. Forrester stepped 
and drove off to Linstead Lodge in that neighbourhood. 
Mr. Howard's destination was London. Suddenly the 
parson missed half his prey; his untired malice vowed 
revenge; and in consequence of his misrepresentations, 
Mr. Howard had to experience much unworthy treatment at 
Deptford. 

When F. Forrester had been between two and three years 
at Linstead Lodge, a young woman applied to him for in- 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OP THE CLERGY. 807 

Btmction^ as she desired to become a Catholic. The zealous 
parson of the parish^ Mr. Fox^ got intelligence of this^ and in 
the fermentation of his spirit acquainted his grace of Canter* 
bury of the impending evil, who directed him to prevent 
the mischief and to make a formal visitation at Linstead 
Lodge, and severely lecture its chaplain. Arriving in his 
canonicals, he demanded to see Mr. Forrester, and was shown 
into a small parlour. Mr. Forrester obeyed the impertinent 
summons, when the following dialogue took place. 

Parson. Servant, sir. 

Mr. Forrester. Yours, sir. 

Parson. You are a Popish priest, I believe. 

Mr. Forrester. I have the honour to be Lord Teynham's 
chaplain. 

Parson. You preach, I understand, sir? 

Mr. Forrester. I make it my endeavour to give every one 
who addresses me all the satisfaction in my power. 

Parson. And pray do you talk to such persons in Latin or 
English ? 

Mr. Forrester. As I always endeavour to speak so as to be 
understood, I should defeat my own purpose, and act like a 
fool to talk to persons, mostly of the lower class andilliteratCj 
in the Latin language. 

Parson. Oh, very well, sir ! you may speak as you please 
to those of your own way of thinking, but I understand you 
are tampering with N.N. I promise, if you attempt to make 
proselytes, I shall enforce the penal laws against you; I have 
fiill authority, and even orders so to do. 

Mr. Forrester (rising from his chair and presenting his 
hand cordially to his visitor). Give me leave, dear sir, in 
such case, to add to my respect for you the warmest assurance 
of gratitude as to a person whom I must regard as singularly 
and truly my benefactor. 

Parson. What do you mean, sir ? 

Mr. Forrester. Exactly what I say, sir. For in the event 
of your putting your threat into execution I shall be raised 
by you to the blessing pronounced by Jesus Christ himself, 
upon those who suffer persecution for justice' sake. 

Parson (astonished and a little confused). I don't under- 
stand you. What do you mean ? I never heard any one 
talk in this manner before. Are you in earnest ? 

Mr. Forrester. From the very bottom of my heart, I 
assure you, sir, such are my real sentiments. 

The parson gradually calmed down, waived the subject, 
and took a very civil leave. A few weeks later he sent a 
polite invitation to Lord and Lady Teynham, soliciting the 

X 2 



808 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THK CLSROT. 

honour of their company to a fiU^ and specially requested 
that Bev. Mr. Forrester might be one of the party. Nay, 
after some months^ he actually sent his two sons for educa« 
tion at St. Omer's College. 

So much for consistency of principle, and still more for the 
power of mildness and humility I 

F. Forrester continued at Linstead Lodge until 28th 
January, 1775, and on 10th February of that year reached 
Wardour, and on 6th October following removed from the 
old house under the ruined castle into the present noble 
residence of the family. Two large rooms served the pur- 
poses of a temporary chapel until the new edifice could be 
solemnly blessed on the eve of All Saints^ 1776, and the next 
day was opened with a solemn High Mass, unprecedented 
in those days, except in ambassadors' chapels. At the end of 
eighteen years he formally resigned the charge of the Wardour 
Mission, which had greatly increased under his zealous ad- 
ministration, for the position of private chaplain to his illus- 
trious patrons. In 1810 he quitted Wardour with the 
Dowager Lady Arundell^ for her seat at Imham, co. Lincoln, 
and adhered to her until her pious death 20th June, 1813. 
Shortly after he retired to Newhall, near Chelmsford, where 
he closed an honoured life by the death of the just, 2nd May, 
1823, set. eighty-six. 

F. Forrester was an able and accomplished gentleman, and 
full of the ecclesiastical spirit. In his goodness of heart, 
without sufficient deliberation, he associated himself to the 
Faquanarists, who had an establishment at Kensington ; but 
he soon discovered his error, and eventually reunited himself 
to the restored Society of Jesus. 

His venerable uncle, F. Peter Anthony Lawrence Fleury, 
S. J., was hospitably received, at the French Revolution, 
by Lord and Lady Arundell; and at his death, 6th De- 
cember, 1797, set. seventy-one, at Wardour, was honour- 
ably interred in the family vault beneath the church 
sanctuary. 

Fosse, de la, James, an exemplary priest of Rouen, who, 
in the autumn of 1795, accepted the place of director of 
Lanherne Convent, and seven years later, on the departure 
of L'Abb^ Riout for France, the additional charge of the 
congregation. He died there 27th November, 1817, set. 
sixty-nine, and was buried in the chapel he had served. 

FouBNiER, Paul Auoustin. — At the French Revolution 
this priest of Vitr^ emigrated to Portugal. After some years 
he transferred himself to England, and is connected with the 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEROT. 809 

West^ bj having had charge of the faithful band at Calver- 
leigh^ from 15th March^ 1811^ until his sudden death by 
apoplexy on 18th January^ 1819, aged sixty-seven. He was 
buried in Calverleigh churchyard. I never knew a more 
methodical, unobtrusive, and exemplary priest. 

Pox, Laurence Charles Pridbaux, O.M.I.j bom at 
Kingsbridge, Devon, 22nd August, 1820. His parents, 
Bobert Ware Fox and Rachel Cookworthy were members 
of the Society of Friends. Their son, after practising as 
a dentist at Torquay, received the grace of vocation to 
the Catholic faith, applied to F. McDonnell for instruction, 
and by that experienced guide was introduced into Qod'a 
Church on 1 5th August, 1843. Piety led him on to the Insti- 
tute of the Oblates of Mary the Immaculate, five years later, 
on 15th August, 1848. Bishop Oillis ordained him priest 
at Galashiels, Roxburghshire, on 10th August, 1853 ; and he 
said his first Mass on 15th of the same month, at Abbots* 
ford, once the residence of the celebrated Sir Walter 
Scott, Bart, (as it happened on the birthday of that illus- 
trious scholar), but now the property of the learned convert, 
Mr. Hope Scott. 

The reverend gentlemen has lately moved from the house 
at Galashiels to Sickling Hall, near Wetherby. 

Frost, James, O.S.F., a man of real merit and of deserved 
distinction in his order; elected 13th July, 1770, guardian 
of St. Bonaventure's, Douay, and provincial 80th August, 
1782, His name is entitled to be perpetuated for his diluent 
cultivation of the Ugbrook mission for full ten years. See 
Chapter Book of 30th November, 1756, though his register 
commences only with October, 1757, and concludes with 
June, 1766. To the sincere regret of the Cliflfbrd family, he 
was recalled by his superiors to be president of Edgebaston 
School. This amiable gentleman died at Wootton 8rd October, 
1785, aged fifty-four. 

Frter, Charles, nephew, I believe, of the celebrated pre* 
sident of the English College at Lisbon. After serving 
MamhuU for some time he was transferred to London, 
where he died, 23rd June, 1811. His brother, William 
Victor Fryer, D.D., educated at Lisbon, was for many years 
the first chaplain to the Portuguese Chapel, South-street, 
London ; and when that was closed, attached himself par- 
tially as chaplain to the Countess de Front ; but died in his 
own house. South-street, on the 6th of September, 1844, 
aged seventy-nine. 



810 BIOOEAFHIPAL LIST OY THE CLBBOT. 

Frtbr, William, bom of an ancient family in co. Somer- 
set ; completed his studies at Douay College ; but owing to 
the weak state of his health was obliged to return to his 
native country before his promotion to priesthood. Bishop 
Challoner having at length ordained him, sent him to St. 
Alban's College at Yalladolid. Until the suppression of the 
S.J. this house, and the two smaller ones at Madrid and 
Seville, founded to train missionaries for England, were under 
the government of the fathers, but after their expulsion from 
Spain, were made over to the jurisdiction of Bishop Challoner. 

His lordship merged the two minor establishments of 
Madrid and Seville into the college of Yalladolid. In this 
college Mr. Fryer filled the office of vice-president for twelve 
years. On the retirement of the Rev. James Barnard from 
the presidency of the Lisbon College, Dr. Fryer was appointed 
his successor in 1782, and under his firm, gentle, and effi- 
cient government, the house assumed a renovated appearance. 
This worthy superior fell a victim to a scorbutic complaint 
on 15th August, 1805. 

Another priest of this name and family died on Stii 
June, 1849, at Cowes, Isle of Wight, at the early age of 
thirty-one, leaving two reverend brothers, J. and Alfred 
Fryer. 

FuBLONo, Jonathan, bom in co. Limerick 27th September, 
1796, was educated at Maynooth, ordained priest there on 
12th June, 1824; succeeded the Rev. Maurice CVConnor at 
Lanheme, 30th October, 1826; but two months later ex- 
changed with the Bev. Robert Piatt for Axminster, where he 
exerted himself in collecting subscriptions towards the erec- 
tion of the present chapel of St. Mary ; but he quitted the 
place at Michaelmas, 1827, as the Bishop of Killala required 
his services. 

FuRLONo, Moses, O.C, D.D., bom in co. Lancashire 17th 
March, 1810; ordained priest with Charles Fisher, already 
mentioned at Prior Park, on 1st June, 1833. After render- 
ing valuable service to that college as vice-president and 
occasional missionary, he was ordered to Lanheme for 
St. Clare's feast in 1842; but his stay was short, for he 
became a member of the Institute of Charity at Batdiffe 
College, and has since been employed at Rugby. 

FuRSDON (Cuthbert), John, O.S.B. — This eldest son of 
Mr. Fursdon, of Fursdon, Cadbuir, Devon, was the happy 
instmment of converting the Falkland feunily. He died in 
London, 2nd February, 1638. 



BIOORAPHICAL LIST OF THK CLE&OT. 811 

IVbsdon (Cuthbert)/ Thomas^ O.S.B.^ I think^ was 
younger brother of John Fursdon. He was never attached 
to any mission ; but died in the convent at Dieulwart^ where 
he had passed sixty years, on 21st December, 1677, set. 
ninety-two. 

G. 

Oallaoheb, John J. — ^After trying various places, Gibraltar 
amongst the rest, he was accepted for Chidiock, where he 
took rest in 1853 and 1854. He is now stationed at Wolver- 
hampton. 

Garoni, Henrt. — ^In early life he entered amongst the 
Benedictines. Quitting Italy for England, he was admitted 
to the office of librarian at Oscott College ; and has, for some 
years, been chaplain to Mrs. Stonor at Bingrove House, 
Selcombe, and at Lyneham, Devonshire. 

Gates, Kobert Peter, bom 1st February, 1787. After 
trying several places, in March, 1827, he undertook Falmouth, 
which he quitted for Axminster on Idth September following. 
This mission proving unsatisfactory, he left it at the end of a 
twelvemonth for Usk. After other experiments, I find that 
his present station is at Ipswich. 

Gavan, or Gawbn,* John, S.J., doubtless intimately con- 
nected with the Gawens of Norrington, Wilts, mentioned in 
Part I., chapter ix. In early life he was sent to St. Omer's 
Xollege, where, by his dove-like innocence, he merited the 
name of the " angel.*' On 28th May, 1666, I find him 
defending the whole course of philosophy at Liege, with his 
talented confrire Charles Evans. After finishing his theolo- 
gical studies and receiving the order of priesthood, F. Gawen 
was stationed at Wolverhampton, a fitting theatre for his zeal 
and eloquence ; but when the perjuries of the miscreant 
Gates and Dugdale had maddened the English nation, the 
course of the practical usefulness of our pious missionary 
was closed, by his arrest and imprisonment. After twenty 
weeks' confinement he was brought to trial, at the Old Bailey, 
in June, 1672, with FF. Whitbread, Harcourt, Fenwick, and 
Turner. Their innocence of the plot was made transparent 
to every calm spectator ; but a jury, terrified by an imaginary 
danger, brought in a verdict of Guilty, and all five were led, 
Hke their blessed Lord, as sheep to the slaughter, on 80th 
June, N.S. Father Gawen exchanged a miserable life for 

* See the tiUe-page to his Trial, as published by authority in 1679* 



313 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

immortality at tlie early age of thirty-nine^ rel. nineteen^ 
prof. one. 

N.B. In my humble opinion F. Ambrose Gawen, O.S.B.^ 
professed at Lambspring 21st March^ 1690, and who died 
3rd September, 1737, was a member of this respectable 
family. 

Geary, Anselm, O.S.B., professed at Lambspring 15th 
April, 1732 ; served Leighland for some time; died at Bath 
23rd March, 1795, set. eighty-two. 

Gerard, William, bom at Beerland Farm, near Chidiock, 
11th September, 1754 ; was chiefly educated at Douay. From 
1784 until 24th May, 1830, when God released his soul from 
the prison of the body, the yenerable man was chaplain at 
Llanarth Court, co. Monmouth. 

Gibbons, John, S.J., bom in the city of Wells, in 1544. 
This learned divine resigned his canonry at Bonn, to which 
he had been collated by Pope Gregory XIII., to become the 
humble novice of the Society at Triers in 1578. He died 
rector of the college there, 3rd December, 1589. It is known 
that he had the principal hand in the '^ Concertatio Ecclesiffi 
Catholics^'' in England, though after the first edition at 
Triers in 1583, Dr. Bridgewater augmented the work in his 
editions of 1584 and 1588. 

Gibbons, Richard, S.J., younger brother of John afore- 
said, but who had entered the Society at Bome Ist September, 
1572. Few scholars have been more indefatigable as pro- 
fessors and authors. His most useful life closed at Douay 
23rd June, 1632, set. eighty-three. For the list of his works 
see Southwell's " Bibliotheca Scriptoram S.J." 

Gibson, Isaac, S.J. — Of his early life I can barely gleau^ 
that at the age of nineteen he joined the Jesuits ; that after 
his promotion to the priesthood he was employed in the 
Gloucestershire mission, and that he died 10th Novemberj 
1728, aged sixty-four. 

GiiiDART, George Thomas. — In the twelfth chapter of 
the first Part, page 117, I have given all I could collect 
of this worthy gentleman, who died 17th February, 1827, 
aged sixty-three. 

Gilbert, William, S.J., a native of co. Somerset. — ^At 
the age of twenty he dedicated himself to Gt>d in the Society, 
and was enrolled amongst its professed fathers 8th September, 
1645. He closed his missionary life 22nd December, 1677, 
set. seventy. 



BIOOR^?BICAL LIST OF THE CLEBOT. 313 

OiLUBRAND, Richard^ S. J.^ of Chorley, bom 2nd 
March, 1717; he entered, with his elder brother William, 
into the Watten novitiate in 1735. He is connected with 
the west by having been for some time the incumbent at 
Arlington, near Barnstaple. His death took place at Bath 
on 23rd March, 1774. 

GiLLiBBAND, WiLLiAM, S.J. — ^Aftcr Serving several chap- 
laincies, he came into the west, and was the first resident 
incumbent of Exeter, — a situation which he occupied for 
about four or five years. He then succeeded to the patrimonial 
estate at Chorley, where he ended his days 22nd Mardi, 1779, 
aged sixty-four. 

OiLMORE, Paul, O.S.B. — ^Prom the profession-book of 
Lambspring Abbey, I learn that he was bom at Ramsbury, 
in Wilts ; that he took the habit there on 27th June, 1685. 
That he went into the house of eternity in 1748 appears to be 
certain. I suspect that this religious was the author of 
" The Pious Monitor of the Divine Presence.*' 

• OiBARD, l'Abbe Bernard, succeeded the worthy M. Du- 
chemin at Gloucester, in 1816, and retained that incum- 
bency until his death on 4th November, 1825, aged sixty* 
four. — See Part I. p. 117. 

Olassbrook, Anselm, O.S.B., was bom at Wigan 12tb 
February, 1803; went to St. Edmund's Convent, Douay, 
in September, 1818, and was professed there 13th October, 
1823; he studied theology partly there, and partly at 
St. Sulpice, Paris; and was ordained priest in September, 
1828. Twice he has been employed at Cheltenham; but 
the chief scene of his missionary labours has been in the 
north of England, especially at Workington, Cumberland, 
in which county he had the satisfaction of establishing 
the new mission at Maryport. After serving Fairford, in 
Gloucestershire, for four years, and understanding that the 
salary would cease at the death of Lord De Mauley, he 
managed to secure an eligible spot in Cirencester, where he 
has the merit of having opened a chapel. 

Godwin, Ignatius, S. J., of Somersetshire. — ^At the age of 
twenty-two he joined the order, and for twenty years was 
employed in the residence of St. Stanislaus, which included 
Devon and Cornwall, viz. from 1631 to 1651. He then 
retired to Liege, where he was appointed Professor of Moral 
Divinity and Controversy; and there published, in 1656, 
that excellent treatise, " Lapis Lydius Controversiarum,^' in 
24mo. pp. 446; and in the ensuing year, the ''Pia Exerci^ 



314 BIOGliAPHICAL LIST OF THS CLXROT. 

tatio Divini Amoris.^' Returning to England, he died 
quietly in London, 26th November, 1667, set sixty-five. 

Godwin, Henry, bom at Liverpool, 14th December, 
1821 ; he made his studies at Lisbon, and at the age of 
twenty-five was promoted to priesthood. In 1847 he was 
appointed to the mission of Oloucester, void by the death of 
F. Hartley; but when he had done duty there for seven 
months, was transferred to the larger field of Plymouth. 
This also he left in January, 1850. Thence he proceeded to 
Fairford, and St. Mary's, at Bristol. 

Good, Wii^liam, S.J., a native of Glastonbury, and one 
of the earliest of our countrymen who joined the Jesuits ; 
for he entered their novitiate at Tournay, in 1562. This 
truly good father, as Dr. Allen styles him, after ren- 
dering important services to religion, closed a life of pious 
labour at Naples 5th July, 1586. — See Collectanea S.J.^ 
p. 105. 

Gordon. — ^All that I can as yet learn of this reverend 
gentleman amounts to this, that he was chaplain to Mrs. 
Bearcroft, daughter of Sir Walter Compton, Bart., at Hart- 
pury-court, about the year 1770. 

GosroRD, Edward Alfred, was serving Bridport in 1852, 
and went to supply in other districts. He then went to the 
family of the Biddells at Cheesebum Grange, Northumber* 
land ; but he quitted this mission early in 1856. 

GossiER, Joseph Francis, bom at Dieppe in 1766; he 
finished his studies at Bouen, and at the period of the French 
Bevolution was vicar of St. James's in his native town. This 
highly-gifted and much respected ecclesiastic is connected 
with the west by having been attached to the Arundell 
family from 26th August, 1800, residing much at Ashcombe, 
near Wardour. Everard, the tenth Lord Arundell, who was 
his pupil for several years, and felt under deep obligations to 
such a tutor, wished me to retain his name amongst the 
Wiltshire clergy. On 10th November, 1806, he succeeded 
to the charge of educating Arthur James, Lord Killeen, now 
Lord Fingdl. On 19th May, 1813, he undertook the same 
ofiioe for the Hon. Edward Petre. At length, returning to 
France, he settled at Rouen, where he died, honoured and 
beloved, on 22nd March, 1840. This benevolent man's will 
bears date 27th February, 1839. To the Carmelite nuns at 
Rouen he leaves 10,000 francs, with the obligation of keep- 
ing his anniversary, and of having Masses celebrated on 
26th August for the Arundell family, on 10th November 



9100BAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLXIIOY. 815 

for tbe Fingall finmily, and on 19th May for the Petre 
family: ''Pour lea membrea yivants et morts dea famillea 
respectives que je regarde comme mea amiea et bien* 
faitrices.^' For the benefit of old and infirm ecclesiastica 
of the diocese of Rouen^ he bequeaths the interest of 20,000 
francs. To the three poorest parishes in Rouen^ he gives 
20^000 firancs ; and the same amount (20^000 firancs) to the 
Literary, Scientific, and Agricultural Societies in the depart- 
ment " de la Seine Inferieure." For many years before his 
death he had been nominated ''chanoine honoraire de la 
Cathedrale de Bouen/' 

Gradell, John, S.J. — His real name was O'Neil, bom 
in Ireland 11th May, 1716. At the age of twenty-six he 
joined the Society. I know that he was serving the Cornish 
mission in 1746, and there, I believe, he died on 6th 
January, 1760. I have seen his signature in some books : 
John Gradell, Comub. Ihs. 

Graves, John, S.J., of Somersetshire. — ^After filling the 
office of Penitentiary at St. Peter's in Rome, and serving 
the English mission, he retired to the College of Liege, and 
was appointed professor of Hebrew and Scripture. There 
he died on 30th August, 1652; soc. fifty-five, set. eighty- 
four. 

Gratton (Stephen), Thomas, O.S.F., bom at Rowington 
31st May, 1764; entered St. Bonaventure's Convent at 
Douay, as he informed me, on 10th October, 1780, and lived 
to be twice provincial of his brethren. This truly man of 
God was connected with the Western District by his resi- 
dence at Taunton Convent, where he edified and enlightened 
all that approached him. This amiable old man went to his 
reward on 23rd December, 1847. 

Grben, Henrt Jamxs, the present pastor of St. Osmund^ 
Salisbury. 

Grbbn, Huoh, alias Brooks, FBRDiNANn, mart3nred at 
Dorchester. (See Part I. p. 89; and Bishop ChaJloner'a 
Memoirs.) He was butchered alive, 19th August, 1642. 

Grebnwat, Gborob, son of Charles Greenway, of Tiverton^ 
bom 25th July, 1779, and baptixed on 28th of the same 
month by Rev. John Edisford, S.J. ; was educated at Sedgley- 
park, where I well recollect him, and St. Alban's College 
at Valladolid; but was ordained priest, as he told me, at 
St. Edmund's, Herts, in September, 1803. For seventeen 
years St. Mary's, Moorfields, had the advantage of hia 
spirited exertions and eloquence* In the prime of life he 



816 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBOT. 

was called away^ to my deep regret^ on 19tli October^ 1821, 
and his remains lie in the vaults of this Pro-Cathedral, 
where a moral monument thus records his worth. 

Sacred to the Memory of 

The Reverend George (xreenway. 

Bom at Tiverton, in the county of Devon, the xxv* July, 1779, 

And educated in the English College of Yalladolid, in Spain. 

Hie virtues and exemplary conduct^ 

During the seventeen years he was Fastor of this Congregation, 

Endeared him to every one ; and his death hereft those who Knew him 

Of a most sincere friend. 

He departed this life on the xix*^ Oct. mdcccxxi. aged xlii. 

Requiescat in Pace. 

Of this dear old firiend I may say, 

*^ Flere et meminisse relictum est.'* 

Greenway, John, son of John Greenway, of Tiverton. 
His father was a convert to the Catholic faith, with his two 
uncles, Stafford''^ and Charles. Educated at Yalladolid, this 
young priest, with the reputation of being a polite scholar 
and a sound Theologian, was appointed pastor of the rising 
congregation at Gloucester. Under his auspices, everything 
wore an improved appearance; he purchased the present 
premises for the mission, erected St. Peter's Chapel, opened 
an academy for young gentlemen of family, and made himself 
universally respected, when in the mid-career of usefulness 
he was prematurely carried off, 29th November, 1800, set. 
fifty* 

Grezille, alias Hoche. — This Erench abbe succeeded 
P. Casemore, at Falmouth, 6th August, 1818. To his honour 
it should be recorded that he collected, by his industry, and 
chiefly amongst the royal family of France, the sum of 
iSSOO towards the erection of the present chapel of St. Mary ; 
the foundation-stone of which was laid 2l8t February, 1819. 
It was opened on 24th October, 1821. He died on 17th 
August following, and was buried in his own chapel* 

Grimston, John, S.J., bom at Preston 23rd November, 
1819; entered the order 7th September, 1837, and was 
ordained priest 25th August, 1860. Since 30th June, 1858, 

* Stafford was Master of the Free English School at Tiverton ; 
but, on account of his conversion, was obliged to resign, in 17579 after 
holding the situation twelve years. Obiit Londini 13th April, 1797» 
let. seventy. His wife, Lucy, survived until 20th August, 1809, set. 
seventy, and, with his sister, Mary, who died 10th May, 1821, est. 
seventy-two^ lies near him in St. Pancras, London. 



BIOO&APHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 817 

be has been tbe pastor of Wardour^ vice F. J. Laurenson^ 
transferred to Worcester, 

GuiLBBRT, John Lewis, bom in Normandy 17th January, 
1763; at the emigration settled himself at Shepton Mallett. 
Bishop Sharrock, who knew him to be clever and zealous, 
appointed him in the spring of 1803 to succeed F. Flynn at 
Plymouth. Disgusted with the mean locality of the chapel 
at Dock, now Devonport, he took a lease of a large spot in 
Stonehouse, on which he erected a presbytere, and on 28th 
May, 1806, laid the foundation-stone of St. Mary's Chapel, 
which, I remember, was opened for public worship on 20th 
[December, 1807. It was a bold undertaking for those times. 
He continued his indefatigable exertions in this increasing 
mission until the close of 1815, when he returned to France. 
There he was made " chanoine honoraire de St. Denis,'' and 
almoner to the Dauphin Cuirassiers. He died on 27th July, 
1822, at Epinal, department de Yosges. 



H. 

Hacon, Hubert, S.J., was admitted into the order at 
Watton, 7th September, 1698, and after finishing his higher 
studies at Liege, was sent on the English mission. After 
acting as chaplain to the Ferrers family, he was appointed 
successor to F. Richard Holland, at Wardour, in 1734w 
There he died 9th May, O.S., 1751, aged seventy-three* 
His gravestone in Tisbury Church is thus inscribed : — 

^ Hie jacet Hubertns Hacon. 

Obiit Mali nono, Anno Dni 1751. 

Reqaiescat in Pace. 

Halpord, John, a learned and exemplary priest of Douay 
College. He succeeded the Rev. Charles Needham, at Tor 
Abbey, at Michaelmas 1788, and during the seventeen suc- 
cessive years discharged all the duties of the good pastor. 
From bad health he was forced to retire from the situation 
he filled with so much credit. His lamented death occurred 
at Henley-upon-Thames on 8th December, 1805. 

Hall, Boniface, O.S.B., of Lancashire, bom in 1787; 
professed at Lambspring 7th November, 1756; resided at 
Lanheme about fifteen years, when he went to Cossey Hall 
for a short time. Thence, late in 1771, he quitted for Lamb- 
spring, where he terminated his days on 16th October, 1803, 
and was the first person buried in the Abbey Church after 
the monastery was suppressed by the Prussian authorities. 



818 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLEEOT. 

Hall (Placid), John, O.S.B., bom at Bamber-bridge, co. 
Lancashire, 30th October, 1819; professed at Broadway 29th 
December, 1834, by the president, F. Birdsall ; left Broadway 
for Downside 3rd November, 1841 ; was ordained priest by 
Bishop Baggs 1st June, 1844; and four years and a half 
later waa appointed the missioner of Downside. In Part I. 
p. 66, I have alluded to his zealous labours in commencing 
the mission of Frome. Since 12th April, 1853, he has been 
stationed at Warrington. 

Halt, Chaeles, bom in Bristol 29th December, 1776; 
was partly educated at Borne, and St. Edmund's College, 
Herts ; for some years was the incumbent at XJsk, where he 
took pupils. On 2nd July, 1819, he became the pastor of 
the Axminster congregation; and, sb I well recollect, sud- 
denly retired from its charge and all missionary duty on 6th 
September, 1821. What became of him, I could never 
ascertain. 

Hamblet, John. — It is generally stated that he was bom 
in the diocese of Exeter ; but F. Warford, his cotemporary, 
relates that Somersetshire wais his native county, and then 
supplies the following particulars which he had collected from 
credible persons : that he was betrayed at an inn by a gen« 
tleman's servant ; that he fared very hard during two years' 
imprisonment, not without blame to some Catholics living 
at no great distance, who might have relieved him in his 
necessities. At his arraignment, a verdict was found against 
him. The judge, cut nomen GerUius,* addressed him in such 
soft and pathetic terms, that the prisoner's constancy 
appeared to the court to be staggering, and he inclining to 
conform, when, strange to say, a perfect stranger stepped 
forward and delivered to him a letter. He read it again and 
again, and became so deeply affected, as to burst into tears ; 
but declined to satisfy the bystanders as to the cause of his 
distress. The next morning he announced, in open court, 
his deep sense of shame of his weakness, and bitterly 
lamented that the solicitations of his lordship, and the terror 
of impending death, had, for a time, shaken his resolution; 
but that now the most excruciating torments would prove 
most acceptable to him. On the following day he went 
rejoicing to the place of execution. F. Warford then 
obs^es, ^' that it was manifest that the letter produced this 
extraordinary change, yet up to this day, notwithstanding 
the most diligent inquiry had been instituted, it remained a 
secret who was its writer or its deliverer, whence some^ and 

* Thomas Gent, janior Baron of Exchequer. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLBBOT. 819 

not without reason^ believed that it came from his' angel 
guardian :'' — " Unde, et a nonnuUis^ nee immerito, ab angelo 
custode illatse literae creduntar.'' 

It is nearly certain that he was executed at Chard^ and not 
at York^ in the summer of 1587. Dodd antedates his death 
by two years. 

Hanne^ Charles, S.J., bom at Deyiock, in Cardinham 
parish, near Bodmin, on 14th June, 1711. At the age of 
twenty he joined the order. The venerable man was for 
some years superior of his brethren in the residence of 
St. George, which included Worcestershire and Warwick- 
shire ; but for the last forty years of his life, he was stationed 
in Northumberland. He died at Haggerston, 27th April, 
1799. 

Hardino, Thomas, D.D., bom at Bickington, or Combe 
iMartiu, Devon, rose by his talents to be a leading professor 
of the University of Oxford, and to hold valuable prefer- 
ments in the Church ; all which he resigned to follow his 
conscience, soon after Queen Elizabeth's accession. Settling 
at Louvain, he stood forth the strenuous champion of Catho- 
licity, especially against Jewell,* his near countryman, but 
bishop of Salisbury. For an account of his powerful works, 
see Wood's " Athen» Oxon./' Part I. p. 188. This learned 
divine died at Louvain aged about sixty, and was there 
buried, 16th September, 1572. See also his life in Prince's 
"Worthies of Devon." 

Harrington, alias Drury, Mark, of Douay CoUeg^ 
and ordained priest 7th December, 1616. Dodd (vol. iii. 
p. 304) informs us that he wasi living in the Wiltshire 
mission in 1635, and was Y.G. of Bishop Bichard Smith. 
That he was an able man is indisputable; but, like his 
friend, the Rev. Thomas White, was unfortunately a lover of 
the profane novelties of words. His death occurred in July, 
1657, aged sixty-six. 

Harrington, William. — ^This blessed priest and martyr 
of Rheims College, came to the English mission in 1592, 
"and lived and conversed in the west country," but was 
apprehended in London. Dr. Challoner in his Memoirs 

* He was bora at Bowden, in the parish of Benry-Narbor, d4th 
March, 1522. I hare seen the will of hb maternal uncle — I believe, Jckn 
Bellamv, — the incumbent of High Hampton and Countitbury, dated 5th 
December, 1543, in which he gives ^ to John Juell the younger, now 
scholar at Oxford, at such tyme that he doth precede Master of Arte^ 
£S. 6«. Bd.,'* and to every ouier child of John Juell, of Bowdtii, one 
sheep. 



820 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLSBOT. 

(vol* i. p. 165 of Manchester edit. 1803) laments that he 
was not able to learn when^ how, or where he was appre- 
hended, or any - other particulars of his sufferings or 
missionary labours. The following letter, originally written 
shortly after his execution at Tyburn, w^l partly supply that 
deficiency. 

''He was apprehended in May last in the chamber of 
one Mr. Henry Dunne, a young gentlemen of the Inns of 
Court, by Mr. Justice Younge, and by him committed to 
Bridewell ; from thence at the next sessions, about the end 
of June, he was removed to Newgate, and then indicted of 
of high treason. He pleaded. Not guilty. Being asked by 
Mr. Seijeant Drew,* the Recorder, how he would be tried? 
He answered, ' By God and the Bench.' He was told to 
say, ' By God and the country/ He replied he would not 
have a jury of simple men determine of his life. The Bench 
were, or should be, wise and learned, and thereby knew 
whether the law were a just law, and himself culpable ; and 
other trial he would have none. He was told they would 
give present judgment. He said, he was prepared for it. 
Upon this his resolution, judgment was respited and himself 
carried back to Newgate. From thence he was carried to 
the Attorney and Solicitor (Generals) to be by them 
examined ; firom them he was committed to the Marshalsea. 
He then wrote a letter to the Lord Keeper, giving him to 
understand the reasons of his refusing ordinary trial. On 
15th February, at the sessions held at Newgate, he was 
suddenly sent for thither, and his former indictment being 
again read, he was asked whether he would yet put himself 
in trial upon the country. He said, as before, that he was 
resolved not to do it. The Recorder said, he deceived 
himself if thereby he sought to save his life ; and that they 
might and would give him his judgment. He answered, he 
knew very well they might, and that like judgment had 
been given at York against two other priests, which was 
sufficient precedent unto him ; and as they would not lay 
the burden of conscience on more men, as contrivers of 
their death than needs they must, so he, knowing that 
after the jury should pronounce him guilty, yet the judge 
must give sentence, meant to free the jury, and lay all the 
guilt of his death on the judge and the Bench. 'Then,' 
said the Recorder, ' it is manifest you are a priest, and come 
into England with traitorous intent, and therefore I will 
give judgment.' 'My intent,' said Mr. Harrington, 'in 

* This able and affluent lawyer of Devonshire died at his seat, Killer- 
ton, in 1622, and lies in the parish church of Broad Clist. 



BIOQBAFHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 321 

coming into England^ was and is no other than St. John the 
Baptist's in coming to Herod ; and as he told Herod it was 
not lawful for him to marry his brother's wife ;* so I tell my 
loving countrymen, it is not lawful to go to church, and to 
live in schism and heresy. So, if I be a traitor, St. John 
was a traitor, his case and mine being all one.' Upon this 
the Recorder gave judgment, as in case of treason, whereat 
he was nothing dismayed. Then said the Lord Chief Justice 
unto him, ' You area young man, and the queen is merciful; 
go but to church, and you may live.' Mr. Harrington 
turned him to the people and prayed them to note what 
goodly treason there was: if he would go to church, he 
should live ; but -because he would not so do, he must die ; 
therefore, his not going to church was all the treason. And 
so he was removed from the bar to Newgate, and put into 
one of the limbos, as the manner is ; there he continued all 
that night, and Saturday and Sunday following. On Monday, 
being 18th February, between seven and eight in the morn- 
ing, after he had given his benediction to some poor Catholic 
women that found means to visit him, and by them sent 
his handkerchiefs and some other necessaries to his particular 
friends abroad, he was brought forth and laid on the hurdle, 
and thereunto fast bound, and was drawn towards the usual 
place of execution. When he was something near the place, 
the Serjeant told him he had then not far to go, and willed 
him to prepare himself to die like a Christian. One of 
Mr. Harrington's brethren being near, answered the seijeant, 
• ' You need not trouble him, you see he is willing enough to 
die,' and so took leave of him and returned. He was no 
sooner gone, but they said, ' It had been a good deed to have 
apprehended him/ and asked him what he was. Mr. Har- 
rington told them he was one of his five brothers ; but one 
• that had no cause to fear them, as not being a Catholic ; for 
which cause, and to think of the lamentable estate of his 
poor countrymen, his very heart did bleed. And therewithal 
.tears fell from his eyes. 'Why,' quoth one of the seijeants, 
'what think you of us?' He answered>'As of all schis- 
matics and heretics, that unless you repent, you cannot be 
saved.' Now were they come to the place of execution, 
where ten men and three women for felony being first in 
hanging, and the Serjeants thereabout busy, a minister came 
to Mr. Harrington, and proposed many questions in divinity 
unto him, lying all that while on the hurdle. Mr. Harrington 
.said, if he woiUd stand upon one only question which he 
list, and not so run from one to another, he would answer 
him ; so entering into disputation about St. Peter's primacy. 



322 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBRG7. 

Topcliffe came and interrupted them, saying, it was neither 
time nor place to dispute ; but because he heard he was a 
gentleman, fie wished him to resolve to acknowledge his trea- 
son, and to ask the queen forgiveness. He answered, he had 
never offended her; and immediately was put into the cart^ 
and the halter about his neck, and he began thus to speak^ 
'Oh, my loving countrymen, I thank you for your pains 
and patience in coming hither to bear witness of the 
manner and cause of my death/ Here T(^liffe inter- 
rupted him, saying, he was not at Rome ; it was no place 
for him to preach. ' Why,' said Mr. Harrington, ' may I 
not speak ? ' ' Yes,' said Topcliffe, ' if you will speak to 
these three points; that is to say, anything that tendeth 
to the good of her Majesty's person, the good of the realm, 
or the reforming of your conscience ; ' inferring, further, 
that though he himself had sufficient authority to save him, 
yet it might be, the sheriff had it more particularly, and 
tlierefore willed him to expect mercy, and to speak plainly of 
the west countiy, where they knew he had lived and con- 
versed. He answered, he knew nothing but that Topcliffe's 
mercy was worse than the Turks', who, having the body in 
subjection, sought not to destroy the soul ; but Topcliffe was 
never contented till he had destroyed both ; concluding that 
he was a blood-sucker, and prayed Grod to forgive him. 
Topcliffe replied, 'Thou liest; and so thou didst say the 
queen was a tyrant?' He answered, ' I say nothing of the 
queen, but that I never offended her; but I say you are a 
tyrant and a blood-sucker; and no doubt you shall have 
blood enough as long as you have hands and halters to hang 
us. You shall not want priests; we were 300 in England, 
you have put to death 100; other 200 are left. When they 
are gone, 200 more are ready to come in their places ; and 
for my part, I hope my death will do more good than ever 
my life could have done.' Being ready to be turned fix)m 
the cart, a gentleman called out unto him, and asked for 
what religion he died. 'No more of that,' said Topcliffe, 
' he dieth for treason, and not for religion ; * and so willed 
the cart to be drawn away : he was forthwith cut down, 
dismembered, bowelled, and quartered; and commandment 
given that the blood should be clean dried up, that no 
Catholics might remain. And thus he happily, with greKk 
fortitude, obtained his crown of martyrdom. 

" Mr. Henry Dunn, in whose chamber he was taken, was 
committed to the Clink, where he persevered very constantly. 
His father in his lifetime had given to the Chamber of London 
a certain sum of money, for which they were to pay to his 



BTOGRAPHICAL LIST OP THB CLEROT. 823 

son at twenty-one years of Us age £500^ if lie lived so long. 
Being now near twenty-one years old^ he was this last sum- 
mer (the plague being then in Newgate) removed from the 
Clink thither, and within a few days after he there sickened 
and thereof died ; in all likelihood his remove contrived of 
purpose, by that means so to make him away, to defeat him 
of his money. 

** It is verily reported, that seven of the felons were recon« 
ciled by Mr. Harrington the night before his execution; 
most certain it is, that some of them protested they would 
die of his faith, refusing to pray with the ministers.^' 

Harrison, Augx7stin, O.S.B. — ^This excellent scholar for 
a time had rendered his valuable assistance at Beckford and 
Spetisbury. His death occurred on 6th March, 1846, set. 
seventy-four, rd. fifty-five. 

Hart, William. — ^This young and accomplished minister 
was bom at Wells, in co. Somerset ; after studying at Douay, 
Rheims, and Rome, he was sent to the mission, but was very 
soon arrested at York, at Christmas time, 1582, and on 15th 
March following was hanged, drawn, and quartered for his 
priestly character. The reader will be charmed and edified 
with lus memoir in Bishop Challoner's Report of Missionary 
Priests. He was but twenty-five at the time of his death. 

Hartley, Peter. — I have had occasion to speak of this 
exemplary and zealous priest under Weymouth and Gloucester, 
in the First Part of these gleanings. He was bom at Bamley 
on 28th June, 1792, and finished his education at St. 
Edmund's College. He was first appointed to Chepstow 
mission, but was transferred in 1823 to Falmouth, vice 
(yMeally, where he served until March, 1827, when obedience 
conducted him to Poole ; but in July the same year he was 
selected as the first incumbent of Tawstock. On 20th 
November, 1829, he was ordered to Weymouth ; and to him 
religion is indebted for the purchase of the present site, on 
which he erected the present Presbytere and St. Augustine's 
Chapel, opened on 22nd October, 1835. Having achieved 
this great work with indefatigable energy of mind and body, 
he required relaxation, and was replaced at Chepstow. The 
last six years and a half of his valuable life were passed at 
Gloucester, where he caught a contagious fever in visiting 
the sick, and thus fell a victim of charity on 3rd August, 
1847, aged fifty-five. 

Haskey, Richard, S.J., brother to the Rev. Joseph and 
the Rev. Thomas Reeve, of the pame order. He is con- 

Y 2 



324 DIOGRA^niCAL LIST OF THE CLERGT. 

nected with the West by having served both Salisbury and 
Lullworth^ amidst a variety of places elsewhere. This original 
character, but honest-hearted Englishman, finished his days 
at Stonyhurst on 31st May, 1816, set. seventy-six, soe. fifty- 
nine. 

Havers, Bobert, S.J., bom at Thetton Hall, Norfolk, 
16th August, 1813 ; studied at Stonyhurst ; joined the Society 
26th March, 1829. For many yejirs he was one of the 
assistant priests at Preston ; but after finishing his tertian- 
ship, was appointed, in 1851, to the Shepton Mallett mission, 
and on the retirement of Father Moutardier from Lnllwortb, 
in May, 1854, succeeded to its duties. 

Hatman, alias Pearse, Richard, S. J., who sometimes used 
the Christian names of Edward and John on the mission, 
entered the novitiate in 1687, and was enrolled amongst the 
professed fathers 7th July, 1705. During his very long 
missionary life he resided either at Trevithick or Tolfrey, near 
Fawey. In the last-mentioned place be finished his mortal 
course, as one who knew him informed me. This event 
occurred on 30th April, 1756, ffit. eighty-seven. 

Hawkins (Andrew), Francis, bom 30th November, 1795, 
entered St. Susan's Monastery of La Trappe, at LuUwortfa, 
13th September, 1808; emigrated with the community, in 
the summer of 1817, to Meilleray, near Nantes, where he 
was professed on 11th July, 1819; was ordained priest in 
that city 21st December, 1822. To the venerable Abbot 
Pere Antoine he was an invaluable assistant until the bar- 
barous expulsion of the British membere of the monastery 
in November, 1831. After spending some years with his 
brethren at home, he was appointed coadjutor to Fere Palemon 
at Stapchill, in 1840. By his active exertions, he witnessed 
the laying of the foundation-stone of the new church of our 
Lady of Dolors, on 25th May, 1847, and its solemn opening 
on 16th July, 1851. To his office of director to this flourish- 
ing community of Trappist nuns, he has annexed the charge 
of a congregation of nearly 20O souls. He has recently 
added to his church a noble bell of 1,150 lbs. weight, blessed 
by Dr. Vaughan, Bishop of Plymouth, 29th January, 1856. 

Hawkins, James, O.S.B., bom in Gloucestershire, professed 
at Lambspring 15th January, 1705. Obiit 30th June, 1752. 

Hawkins, James (Euoenixjs), bom 23rd July, 1797; 
entered the monastery at LuUworth on 24th March, 1818 ; 
was professed with his brother Andrew at Meilleray on 11th 
July, 1819, and was ordained priest with him on 2l6t 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLERGY. 325 

December^ 1822. When he was torn from his dear com- 
munity and good abbot^ in November^ 1831^ he settled at 
Naotes^ and has ever since been attached to the church of 
St. Croix in that city, with the full approbation of the bishop. 

Hawkins^ Francis (Stephen), was uncle to FF. Francis 
and James aforesaid. He had entered the Cistercian 
Monastery at LuUworth as early as 1794<, and received the 
order of deacon, but his humility kept him from accepting 
priesthood. In March, 1856, aged eighty-nine, he departed 
to our Lord in St. Bernard's Abbey, Loughtoiu 

Heatley, Hugh, O.S.B. — This devout religious, after 
edifying Bath by his apostolic zeal for five years, fell a victim 
of typhus fever on 28th April, 1792, at the early age of 
thirty-three. 

Hemerford, Thomas, a native of Dorset. From con- 
scientious motives he quitted Hart's Hall, in the University 
of Oxford, to proceed to Rheims College. Its president. 
Dr. Allen, in a letter to F. Agazzari, S.J. (3rd August, 1580), 
then recently appointed rector of the English College at 
Rome, introduces Mr. Hemerford to his notice as "Vir 
honestissimus,'' and mentions that he had started two days 
before for the Eternal City, and was preparing himself for 
entering into the Society of Jesus. He Vas admitted into 
the English College at Rome on 9th October that year, and 
in March, 1583, was ordained priest by Dr. Thomas Goldwell, 
Bishop of St. Asaph, exiled by Queen Elizabeth. In April 
he left Rome for England. Shortly after landing in his 
native country he fell into the hands of the persecutors, was 
sentenced to death on 5th of the following February, then 
thrown into the pit of Newgate, and loaded with irons for six 
days before his execution. On the 12th of February, 1584, 
he was hauled out to be dragged to Tyburn, where he was 
literally butchered alive, says F. Warford, who adds, that he 
was remarkable for his love of virginal purity, and severe to 
himself in this point; of moderate stature, a blackish beard, 
stern countenance, and yet of a playful temper, most amiable 
in conversation, and in every respect exemplary. 

Hendren, Joseph William, O.S.F., D.D., and Right Rev. 
— Of this learned Franciscan, illustrious prelate, and most 
amiable firiend, I can hardly trust myself to write. 

He was bom in Birmingham on 19th October, 1791, and 
baptized by the Rev. Padficus Nutt, the venerable Franciscan 
missioner of that town. On 2nd August, 1806, he received 
the Franciscan habit from F. Grafton, and made his profes* 



326 BIOOBAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

sion 19th November, 1807, on which occasion the late pro-* 
vincial, but then Bishop CoUingridge (consecrated Bishop of 
Thespise on 11th October that year), assisted and preached. 
In the beginning of the following summer, his lordship con- 
ferred upon him minor orders at Abergavenny. On 15th 
October, 1808, the novitiate was removed to Perthyre. Four 
years later brother Hendren was sent to Baddesley School to 
teaoh Latin, Greek, mathematics, &c. ; and whilst so engaged 
was ordained subdeacon by the illustrious Bishop Milner, 
at Wolverhampton, on the 4th of April, 1814 (on the very 
day that the learned Dr. Weedall was made priest), deacon 
on the 26th, and priest on the 28th September, 1815. In 
the January following he was sent to Perthyre to teach 
philosophy and divinity ; and when the small community was 
transferred to Aston, in October, 1818, he was continued in 
the same employment until the commencement of 1823, 
when the unfortunate determination of ceasing to attempt 
the education of Franciscans in England was t^en. I may 
mention by the way, that my reverend friend, whilst at 
Perthyre had to serve the congregation at Courtfield, a 
distance of eleven miles, once a fortnight, during the absence 
of the Yaughan family on the Continent; and whilst at 
Aston did duty at Swynnerton every Sunday and holiday, 
from 16th July, 1820, until the end of April, 1823, when he 
was ordered to take charge of Baddesley Academy. His 
services were then required for the mission of Abergavenny 
in the beginning of 1826, and there he was suffered to remain 
for thirteen years, when he was appointed confessor to the 
nuns and pensioners of Taunton, and arrived at his destina- 
tion on 9th February, 1839. There I had the honour of 
forming the acquaintance of this very learned and agreeable 
friend, whom to know is to admire and love. In January, 
1847, Bishop XJUathorne, V.A. of the Western District, 
appreciating the treasure he possessed in this learned and 
experienced theologian, selected' him for his grand vicar, and 
obtained him for his successor, as Bishop of Uranopol^, by 
Bulls bearing date 30th July, 1848. To this see he was 
consecrated 10th September that year; for Dr. XJUathorne 
had been translated to Birmingham. At the restoration of 
the hierarchy. Bishop Hendren was declared Bishop of the 
new see of Clifton, on 29th September, 1850. This he held 
until 22nd June, 1851, when he was translated to Notting- 
ham ; and on 2nd February, 1853, he resigned that appoint- 
ment, accepting the see of Martyropolis inpartihu infidelnm. 
Since 2nd May, 1853, he has been residing in his native 
town, to which he is an ornament. Since his first appoint-* 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 327 

ment to the post of grand vicar, in January, 1847> his health 
has been much impaired. Wishing him health and every 
blessing, I can only add at present, — 

^ LauB illi debetar, et a me gratia major.'* 

Herict, Gabriel Francois. — ^This edifying French priest 
and father of the poor was the pastor of Tor Abbey, as I 
well remember, from 2nd June, 1808, imtil June, 1816, when 
he quitted for his native country. Shortly after his arrival 
he was appointed Cure de Sully, near Bayeux. After dis- 
charging the duties of a parish priest for many years in the 
most exemplary manner, '' ce vieillard infiniment respect- 
able," as Monsieur Guerin described him in a letter, dated 
Bayeux, 8rd August, 1842, retired into that city, where he 
breathed his last 25th November, 1844, aged eighty-seven. 

HiGGS, . — ^All that I could recover firom the late Mr. 

Taunton was, that he was the predecessor of F. William 
Byfleet, alias Gildon (before the Revolution), in the Chidiock 
mission, and that he was a man of unbending resolution. 

Hill, alias Turner, Robert. — He was a member of the 
respectable family of the Hills of Shilston, near Madbury, and 
a secular priest. He was living in 1695, and was intimate at 
Tor Abbey. 

Hodgson (Maurus), Nicholas, O.S.B., born at Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne 9th August, 1815. After studying at Ushaw for 
four years, he repaired to Downside in November, 1830, where 
he was professed 24th June, 1834, and ordained priest on 
8th November, 1840, by Dr. Brown, who had been consecrated 
bishop of Wales within the preceding fortnight. This able 
religious, who had filled many collegiate offices with the 
highest credit, was elected prior of St. Gregory's at the 
general chapter held at Downside in July, 1850; but his 
humility declined the profiered honour. He was appointed 
to the Bath mission in October, 1850 ; but this he quitted, 
to the regret of many, five years later, for St. Mary's, Studley, 
CO. Warwick. 

HoGAN, Patrick Andrew, bom at Limerick 28th Feb- 
ruary, 1810; educated at Maynooth; became chaplain at 
Upton 1st June, 1836, where he continued until the begin- 
ning of the following year. On 11th February, 1837, he 
was transferred to the charge of FoUaton, which he sustained 
for about eighteen months. Then, after rendering occasional 
service to some other missions, he sailed from Plymouth 
for Sidney, at the end of November, 1840, with 330 Irish 
emigrants under his care. 



328 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEKOT. 

Holland, Richard, S.J., bom in 1676, in Lancashire; 
admitted a novice in 1697, and a professed father in 1716. 
For many years, I believe from 1716 till Jnly, 1784, he was the 
incumbent of Wardour, daring part of which he was superior 
of his brethren, dispersed in the college of St. Francis 
Xavier, which included Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Mon- 
mouthshire, and South Wales. 

It seems the good father retired abroad. He died at Paris 
4th July, 1740, set. sixty-four. 

Howard, Edward, S. J., whose real name was Holme, was 
bom in Lancashire 29th December, 1740; was admitted 
at the age of sixteen; accompanied F. Forrester, before men- 
tioned, into England, in August, 1767, and like another 
Matthijis was sent to replace the unhappy F. Charles Billinge* 
at Mosely Hall. After some time he was transferred to 
Stape-hill; but in 1786 to Pontefract, where he died 5th. 
December, 1809. 

Howard, Francis, S.J., elder brother of F. Edward Howard, 
bom in May, 1724, for a time was stationed at Lullworth; 
but I never could ascertain the period of his service there. 
He was also at Richmond, in co. York ; lastly appointed to 
Alnwick, perhaps as successor to F. William Strickland. 
There the old man rested from his labours on 9th March, 
1802, aet. seventy-eight, rel. sixty-two, prof, forty- six. 

Howard, John, son of Ralph Holme and Mary Yates, 
his wife, bom in Lancashire 18th November, 1764, was ad- 
mitted into the English Academy at Liege by lus great- 
uncle, F. John Howard, its president. The youth finished 
his studies there, and was prefect of the scholars at the emi- 
gration to Stonyhurst in the summer of 1794. Soon after 
receiving priesthood from Dr. Gibson, bishop of Acanthus 
and V.A. of the Northern District, he was sent to Imham, 
where he remained the attached chaplain to the Arundell 
and Clififord families, until his resignation on 12th May, 
1823. After rendering assistance in some minor places, as 
far as his broken constitution would permit, he took Monsieur 
Begin's duty at Salisbury; but died 8th July, 1826, and was 
buried near that worthy abb^ in St. Martin's churchyard in 
that city. 

* This unfortunate Jesuit, abandoninsr by tepees the duty of vigi- 
lance and prayer to gratify his passion for musio and com|)any, fell an 
easy victim to temptation, and suiFered the shipwreck of faith. In the 
summer of 1767 he read his recantation in Lichfield Cathedral. Per- 
haps from that hour no man lived in less repute for the residue of his 
days. Obiit apud Wolverhampton ; sepultus 3 Aprilis, 1805, pauper- 
rimus. 



BIOORAPHICAL LT8T OF THE CLERGY. 829 

Hood, Edward Theophiltts, S.J., bom 14th April, 1808. 
His father was a clergyman of the Church of England, very 
pious in his way, and of a singularly blameless life. At the 
Manor House, Chiswick, he received his education under a 
gentleman of the name of Home, brother to the late Attorney- 
General, Sir William Home. Without proceeding to the 
universities, Mr. Hood devoted himself to the study of the law, 
and being called in due time to the bar as a member of the 
Inner Temple, practised in the Court of Chancery for ten or 
twelve years. At the mature age of thirty-seven, after two 
years' deliberation, he applied for instmction in the Catholic 
faith to F. James BrownbUl, who received him into the Church 
on 15th November, 1845. Within six months after, he quitted 
London to make a spiritual retreat at Hodder-place, near 
Stonyhurst, with a view of ascertaining whether he had a 
vocation to the religious state, or at least to the priesthood. 
It ended in his being a candidate for admission into the 
Society of Jesus. His wish was granted, and after the two 
years' probation he pronounced the scholastic vows on 16th 
April, 1848. After three years' study of divinity he was 
ordained priest on 24th August, 1850. For some time after 
he was stationed at St. Mary's, Westminster, a mission 
that had been consigned to the charge of the Jesuits by 
Cardinal Wiseman ; but when his health began to fail from 
over exertion in his arduous duties, he was translated to 
Wardour, where he continued to labour for about eighteen 
months, when his business-like habits recalled him to London 
in the autumn of 1855, as successor to F. George Jenkins in 
the important office of procurator of the English province of 
the society. 

HosKiNs (Martin), Thomas, bom at Chilcompton, oo. 
Somerset, 11th November, 1825; baptized at Downside two 
days later; left England for the Benedictine College at 
Douay, in February, 1847, to study for the Church; but 
quitted for Yalladolid six years later. In that city he was 
promoted to subdeaoonship 10th June, 1854, and three 
months later to deaconship. On 22nd September, 1855, he 
was ordained priest. Within a month he left Spain for 
England, and reached Prior-park on 31st October. But on 
the breaking up of that establishment he became assistant 
missioner at Plymouth on 11th January, 1856, the duties of 
which he diligently performed until his removal to Wey- 
mouth on 26th July. 

HowARDEN, Joseph, O.S.B., bom near Wigan in 1778; 
succeeded the Rev. John Brindle, of the same order, in 1801j 



880 BIOORAFHICAL LIST OF THB CLBaOT. 

at Bonhanij where he also kept a school for young gentlemen^ 
but from misconduct was obliged to resign in March, 1823. 
Qui ezistimat se stare, videat ne cadat. 

Almighty God, in his mercy, visited the unfortunate man 
with an alarming illness. In his imminent danger he was 
visited by a co^frire, the Rev. Joseph Wilson, the then 
assistant priest of Bath, whose zeal and charity moved him 
to repentance and to a separation from the occasion of sin. 

On the 29th of January, 1840, the poor culprit made and 
signed the following declaration : " I, Joseph Howarden, 
being now in my senses, and in the presence of Almighty 
Qod, do solemnly declare these to be my true and real senti- 
ments of heart and mind. Fearing God's judgments, and 
expecting soon to be summoned before His dreaa tribunal, I 
wish to make every satisfaction and atonement in my power 
for my past disreputable and sinful life to the Holy Church, 
whose discipline I have violated, and whose precepts I have 
contemned — to the Benedictine body, which I have scan- 
dalized by the public violation of my sacred vows, which at 
the altar I swore to observe faithfully till death. I call God 
to witness that I retract most solemnly all mj infidelities, 
disobedience, and scandals which I have committed against 
His Holy Church and her precepts. I am sorry from my 
heart for having broken my vows; and, if God spare my life, 
I will embrace the first opportunity to return to every duty 
required by my superior the president, and do penance to 
the best of my power. I freely offer myself into the hands 
of the president, and promise entire obedience to him, should 
he deem me worthy to be again united to the Benedictine 
fold. I beg pardon of the Church in general for all my 
scandals, and of my Benedictine brethren in particular, as 
well as of the flock once committed to my charge, and of the 
whole world. I beseech every cof^hre to pray, that God in 
his mercy would forgive me all my grievous sins and offences 
through Jesus Christ our Lord. May God have mercy upon 
my soul 1 Amen. *' Joseph Howarden.^' 

Signed in the presence of Josepb Wilson, January 29, 1840. 

'^ I hereby empower the said Joseph Wilson to make what 
use he may deem fit of this document, to show forth to the 
Church and the body of my profession my sincere repentance, 
and give glory to God for His merciful interposition in my 
behalf notwithstanding my great unworthiness. The said 
Joseph Wilson has also full powers to alter the above docu- 
ment in the manner he may judge proper more fully to 
express my real sentiments." 



BIOeRAPHICAL LIST OV THE CLSEOT« 881 

'' I hereby atteat that my unfortunate cor^rhre, J. Howarden^ 
freely and sincerely assented to all and every particular of 
the above document, and that he gave me full liberty to 
make the use I might judge most fit to remove all the scandal 
his dereliction of duty had caused to the Church. I certify 
that he put his signature with all the ardour of his soul. 
His infirm state of health, and almost total blindness, will 
explain the imperfection of the writing of his name. I 
visited him, having full powers from Dr. Baines of absolving 
all irregularities, excommunications, and suspensions, or any 
censures he might have any ways incurred. On this day, the 
feast of St. Francis de Sales, 1840, he completed his confes- 
sion and prayer for the absolution of his Church, which, in 
the name of God, I pronounced over him. 

''JosBFH Wilson, O.S.B." 

'' May God be praised for all his mercies to the children 
of men! ^' 

I regret to add, that he fell away again, after signing the 
foregoing document ; but I trust in the infinite mercies of 
God, that his end was peace, for he was certainly attended 
on his death-bed by that pious and zealous priest Canon 
Parfitt. He died at Hinton, near Bath, on Easter Monday, 
21st April, 1851, aged seventy-eight. 

Hull, Fbancis, O.S.B., of Devonshire, professed at Dieul- 
wart; a man of excellent parts, and an eminent spiritualist, 
according to Weldon, so often cited. He ended his days 
at St. Male's, in 1645, and was buried near the pulpit of 
the Benedictine Church there. 

Hunt, Joseph, veri Beaumont, son of John and Elizabeth 
Beaumont, of Stone Easton, bom 22nd May, 1762 ; went to 
Douay College with Dr. Coombes (see Coombes) ; was filling 
the confidential post of procurator at the seizure of the 
coUege by the French authorities in 1798, and consigned to 
prison with many of his cot^hrea. On being restored to 
liberty, he returned to England in March, 1795. In Part I., 
p. 184, 1 have related some further details of his life ; sujBELce 
it to add here, that religion is indebted to him for founding 
in great measure the mission of Shortwood, and that he 
served it diligently until March, 1838, when he retired to 
Clifton, where he finished his useful but unostentatious 
course, on Ist December that year, set. seventy-seven. 

HusENBETH, FREDERICK Charles, D.D., SOU of Mr. Frcdc- 



33S£ BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLIBOY. 

rick Charles Husenbeth^ and his wife Elizabeth James, 
was bom in Bristol 30th May, 1796. From a letter dated 
Bristol, 15th February, 1821, addressed to me by his worthy 
father, I learn the following particulars : — " My dear son, I 
firmly believe, has been chosen by Providence from a child, 
to become a faithful teacher of truth. None of my family 
recollect his ever having given offence to the most menial of 
my servants ; but much less to his parents. At the age of 
six years and eleven months I sent him to Sedgley Park 
school, with an intention of having him educated for trade. 
Having myself had the benefit of education, and finding he 
was endowed with the best natural abilities, and an early 
and assiduous application, I gave him every opportunity of 
calling into action his juvenile genius, which, under the pious 
care of the late Bev. Thomas Southworth, began to shine 
conspicuously in every branch of the education given at 
Sedgley Park. At the age of nearly fourteen I took him to 
my counting-house, having had the flattering testimony from 
Mr. Southworth, that Frederick was the only boy who never 
stood in need of correction during the whole time he was at 
the school. He remained in my counting-house to the age 
of nearly seventeen, and performed his duties as a child and 
as an excellent accountant, when by a letter he opened his 
intentions, to which, idthough reluctantly, I acceded ; and 
he returned to his studies 29th April, 1813, in which he 
made such progress, that Dr. Milner and his superiors found 
him useful in the sciences necessary for his calling as a 
churchman, and also in his other accomplishments, such as 
music and painting, in both of which he is very clever. At 
his late tour to the Alps for six months, he took about 
twenty or thirty views firom nature. He is now fixed at 
Cossey, and, by his own desire, has a cottage allowed him 
in the village instead of living at the hall, and I hope he 
will do all the good he can.'' In addition to these details I 
may add, that he was ordained priest by Bishop Milner at 
Oscott, on 26th February, 1820 ; that he reached Cossey on 
his father's birthday, 7th July of the same year, having pre* 
viously for a short time served Stourbridge mission; that he 
built and opened St. Walstan's Church, at Cossey, on 26th 

* This reBpected friend was bom at Mentz on 7th July, 1765 ; and was 
educated in early life amongst the JesuitSy la whose order he had two 
relations, who were professed fathers. To perfect himself in English, 
he placed himself at Dr. Ireland's academy at Brislington, near Bristol, 
in December, 1787» and three years later set up as a merchant in Bristol, 
where h^ died on 15th March, 1848. His wife, a convert, died 29th 
June, 1816, ct forty-three, and, with her son George, was boried in the 
lobby of St. Joseph's Chapel. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEROT. 838 

May, 1841 ; that the bishop entertained snch an opinion of 
his solid learning as to have appointed him grand vicar as 
early as 1827 ; that on 7th JuTy^ 1850^ he was awarded the 
degree of D.D. ; that he was appointed provost of the chapter 
of Northampton on 24th June^ 1852; and that his numerous 
publications point him out as an able divine, and a scholar of 
deep research, taste, and erudition. He is '' left now the last 
of his family and even name upon the earth/' as he has 
stated to me more than once ; adding, in the words of the 
P&almist, cxl., '* Singulariter sum ego, donee transeam/' 

HussET, Edward, O.S.B., elder brother of Giles Hussey, 
the eminent painter, whom Hutchins (Hist, of Dorset, vol. ii. 
p. 500) calls " a living honour to the country,*' was bom at 
Mamhull. After serving Flixton, he came into Devonshire, 
in 1752, and seems to have spent two years in assisting the 
Catholics of Exeter and the South Hams. He then went to 
the Hydes of Marlborough, Wilts ; finally^ retired to Mam- 
hull, where he ran out his lengthened course 25th February, 
1786. 

HussET, James, bom 21st April 1765, was educated at 
Liege, and taught with credit there and at Stonyhurst. On 
2l8t November, 1797, he arrived at Shepton M^lett, as suc- 
cessor to the liev. John Brewer. There he laid the founda- 
tion of the new Fresbytere and chapel in a field he purchased, 
on 15th November, 1801, which was opened for public 
worship on 29th April, 1804. He rested from his labours on 
80th August, 1810, aged forty-five, and lies on the south 
side of the parish church cemetery. 



I. 

Illingworth, Jacob, bom 9th Febmary, 1810, in Bolton, 
CO. Lancaster; he removed with the family to Blackburn, 
and was brought up in error; but at the age of thirteen was 
sent to Ampleforth College, where he was received into the 
Church, and finished a course of humanities. In 1830 he 
transferred himself to Frior-park, and was so actively engaged 
in the arduous duties of teaching in that college, that at his 
own request he was not ordained subdeacon until 1834, 
deacon in 1837^ and priest in 1852. At length he was trans- 
ferred to the Cannington mission; but in his s^eal he 
commenced a new chapel at Bridgewater, which he opened 
on 17th February, 1846, and for one year served both places. 
His services were then required for Prior-park, and were 
continued until 1850^ when he was appointed assistant priest 



834 BIOQRAFHICAL LIST OF THE CLEROY, 

at St. Mary's, Bristol. At midsummer, 1852, he was recalled 
to Prior-park to fill the office of vice-president ; but since 
1st September, 1853, has been charged with the laborious 
mission of St. Nicholas, Bristol. 

Inglebt, Thomas, S.J. — He was admitted into the order 
7th September, 1703, and at the usual period of eighteen 
years was aggregated to the professed fathers. For some 
time he filled the office of pastor at Lullworth ; but retired 
from that situation about the year 1728. He died at Paris 
on 12th November, 1729, aged forty-five. 

Innes, Henry, of Ballogie, near Aberdeen. Early in 
life he went to France, and for many years occupied a pro- 
minent situation in the Scotch College of Paris. In 1789 
he succeeded the Rev. Robert Plowden at Arlington ; but in 
consequence of his patron's abjuration of the Catholic faith^ 
he left for Calverleigh, near Tiverton, where he resided for 
seven years. Returning then to Scotland, where he had a 
decent patrimony, he lived to the advanced age of eighty- 
six, dying at Ballogie in the winter of 1833. The Edinburgh 
Journal, in reporting his death, stated that " Mr. Innes was 
a man of great benevolence, superior attainments, and most 
agreeable manners in society .'' 

IsHEBwooD, Richard, O.S.B., of co. Lancaster ; professed 
at Lambspring 27th June, 1685; served Leighland for a 
time. Obiit 14th April, 1745. 

IvERS, William, in the early part of the year 1837. This 
zealous priest, commiserating the forlorn condition of many 
Irish travellers and labourers in and around Penzance, who 
lay like sheep without a shepherd nearer than Falmouth, 
seated himself amongst them, and gave them the benefit of 
his ministerial services. After a trial of some months, neces- 
sity compelled him to leave the vineyard. — (See Part I.^ 
p. 31.) 

J. 

Jackson, John, a secular priest of distinguished reputation, 
and as such was appointed, in August, 1623, by Dr. William 
Bishop, Episcopus Chalcedonensis, as his lordship's grand 
vicar for the west of England, and archdeacon of Wilts and 
Hants. According to Dodd (vol. iii. p. 88), ''he was pos- 
sessed of a handsome patrimony, and living otherwise quali- 
fied, stood candidate for a mitre in 1635, being then sixty 
years of age.'' From that period I lose sight of him. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLEROT. 836 

Jenison, Augustin, S.J./ born at Lower Walwortli, near 
Darlington, 20th April, 1735 ; at the age of twenty placed 
himself amongst the novices at Watten. Soon aiter his 
promotion to holy orders, he was sent to the Ellingham 
mission in 1763, where at length his character for immorality 
gave cause for suspicion. Removed to Wardour in 1771, for 
some time his conduct was edifying ; but growing careless of 
watchfulness and prayer, he yielded to the secret passion, 
and suffered the shipwreck of faith ; and the congregation of 
Wardour assembling for Mass on a Sunday in October, 1774, 
was filled with consternation at the news of his then reading 
his recantation in Lower Donhead Church. Towards his noble 
patron Henry, eighth Lord Arundell, his conduct was sullied 
with the foulest ingratitude. Threatened with a prosecution 
for ^' scandalum magnatum,'' he hurried away into Scotland, 
where fanaticism received him with open arms; for a time 
he settled at Aberdeen, where he was prodigiously followed 
as a preacher. It seems that he subsequently obtained a 
more lucrative preferment near Edinburgh ; but by a special 
mercy of Grod, the poor sinner, in the very pulpit, felt at 
once the misery of his position — ^to use his own expression, 
in a letter which Bishop Milner saw (see his lordship^s last 
pastoral, dated Wolverhampton 1st February, 1826) — "he 
suffered a hell upon earth.'' Docile to the invitation of grace, 
which admits not of procrastination, " Nescit tarda molimina 
Sancti Spiritus gratia,'' the prodigaJ separated himself from 
the occasion of sin, renounced all his worldly comforts and 
prospects, withdrew to St. Omer's College, where he passed 
the last nine years of his life, until December, 1793, in 
compunction and perpetual penance. ''Qui seminant in 
lachrymis in exultatione metent." — ^Fsalm cxxv. 

JjSNisoN, James, S. J., a younger brother of the preceding, 
but entered the Society with him 7th September, 1755. 
For a time he was chaplain to the family of Porter, who 
rented Admiral Sawbridge's house and grounds near Wel- 
lington ; and for a short time supplied at Wardour after his 
brother's abrupt and scandalous withdrawal. He died at 
Bath 22nd January, 1799, set. sixty-two. 

Jenison, John, S. J., the eldest and by far the most bril- 
liant of the three Jesuit brothers, and perhaps the best 
classic scholar of his time in the English province. To him 
Canon Thomas Phillips addressed his " Letter to a Student 
at a Foreign University on the Study of Divinity," London, 
1756, 8vo. pp. 126. In 1759 he succeeded F. R. Constable 



836 BIOOHAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEROT. 

as pastor at Wardour^ and at the neighbouring mission at 
Bonham was enrolled amongst the professed fathers of the 
Society on 2nd February, 1763. Within nine years he 
quitted Wardour to go to Preston, from which he decamped^ 
in 1776, for the Continent. He outliyed his intellects, 
dying in the Liege asylum 27th December^ 1792^ ffit. eighty- 
four. 

Jenison^ Michael^ S.J., perhaps uncle to the three pre- 
ceding Jesuits^ for a considerable period was chaplain to the 
Webbs at Canford. Retiring to Watten, the venerable man 
closed his mortal career 17th November, 1735, set. eighty, 
rel. sixty, prof, forty-two. 

Jenkins (Jerome), John, O.S.B. — An honoured name 
amongst his brethren. He was bom at Sedgley, co. Stafford, 
25th August, 1796. On 5th September, 1803, piety led him 
to the Benedictine College at Acton Burnell; on 8th 
January, 1812, he took their holy habit, and was professed 
on 12th January of the year next ensuing. Four years later 
he removed with the community to Downside, and was 
admitted to subdeaconship on 29th June, 1818; to deacon- 
ship 22nd August, 1819; and to priesthood 23rd December, 
1820, by Bishop Poynter, at St. Edmund's. His first mission 
was Woolton; and after a few years he was appointed 
to Standish, when, at the express solicitation of the late 
Mrs. Wakeman, he was transferred to Little Malvern. His 
respected superior, F. Birdsall, then chose this active and 
talented monk for his associate at Cheltenham. In the 
seventh chapter of the First Part, I have enlarged on his 
invaluable services to the Bath mission. Bungay and Red- 
ditch are also indebted to his pastoral exertions ; but since 
12th December, 1851, the Convent at Taunton has had the 
comfort of possessing him as their chaplain and spiritual 
guide. 

JoHNsoK, David, S.J., whose true name was Maghee, 
was bom in Ireland 22nd February, 1737; entered the 
novitiate at Watten at the age of eighteen, and to his reli- 
gious merits added the distinction of eminence in polite and 
classical literature. In 1764 he was appointed pastor of the 
Arlington mission, whose patron, John Chichester, Esq., 
showed himself unconscious and undeserving of the treasure 
and resource he might have possessed in such a chaplain and 
companion. Death released this meritorious father from his 
comfortless situation there on 8th November, 1768. 

Johnson, William, S. J., younger brother of the present 
provincial, F. Joseph Johnson, was bom at Liverpool in 



BIOO&A?HICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 337 

1812, and entered the Society 2l8t September, 1829. After 
serring the Preston mission since December 8th, 1849, he 
has been stationed at St. Joseph's Chapel, the original mis- 
sion of Bristol. He must be gratified with the progress of 
religion, for at the Easter of 1856 he had upwards of 
2,000 communicants. 

Johnson, William, was bom at Hindley, co. Lancaster, 
and educated partly at Stonyhurst, Ampleforth, and Prior- 
park. He was ordained deacon on 12th March, 1853, and 
priest on 21st September following. He is at present assistant 
at St. Mary's, Bristol. 

Jones, Charles, of Wolverhampton, whose four brothers, 
educated at Oscott, all took to the Church, was appointed 
assistant chaplain to the Bev. Joseph Lee, at Spetisbury^ 
Soon after his arrival there, he was taken ill, and dying on 
4th November, 1827, aged forty-three, was buried in the 
conventual cemetery. 

Jones, John. — ^This worthy priest of Douay College long 
served the Monmouth mission, and twice, as I have men- 
tioned in Part I. Chapter XII., rendered valuable assistance 
at Oloucester. Betiring from the heat and burden of mis- 
sionary duty to Manchester, he was called to his recompense 
on 11th March, 1840, set. eighty-one, and was interred in 
St. Patrick's churchyard. 

Jonis, alias George Henry John, S.J. — For many years 
this Belgian father was director to the English Theresian 
nuns at Hoogstraet (see Part I. p. 129), and emigrated with 
them in July, 1794. He continued with them until his 
pious death at Great Canford, 9th July, 1796. From the 
parish register I collect he was buried on 12th July. 

JossE, L. (Augustin), a much-respected French abb^, who 
accepted the charge of the Gloucester mission in February, 
1828, and held it until three days before his lamented death, 
which occurred on 28th January, 1841, at the venerable age 
of seventy-eight. He was buried in the vault of his former 
friend and predecessor there, I'Abb^ Giraud, in the cemetery 
of St. John the Baptist's church. 



Keart, Henry. — In the Tipperary Vindicator of 30th 
May, 1848, it is stated that this parish priest, of Killeen, near 
Nenagh, in the diocese of Killaloe, had resigned his living, 
and taken leave of his flock, to proceed to a foreign mission. 



338 BIOOAAFHICAL LIST OF THE CLSKOY. 

and that his departure was deeply and generally regretted. 
But lie was prevailed upon to accept the vacant mission of 
Tiverton, where he arrived on 15th July that year, and served 
it until Christmas without having received any salary from 
Prior-park. Salisbury then had the benefit of his services. 
On 22nd March, 1850, he proceeded to Axminster, but quitted 
for Stonyhurst 12th October, 1851. On 4th March, 1852, 
he went to St. Patrick's, Manchester. This did not suit; 
but where he is now I know not. 

Kelly, Lewis. — This worthy Irish priest was bom about 
the year 1820; studied at St. Kieran's College, Kilkenny, 
and was ordained on 4th of August, 1844. On 9th June, 
1854, he came to Plymouth to assist that important congre* 
gation, but now is chaplain at Trelawny, and also attends 
Liskeard. 

Kelly, Patrick, bom 19th Febmary, 1797, in the diocese 
of Clonfert. Quitting Tawstock 3rd October, 1844, after 
about two years' residence, he proceeded to Shortwood, but 
left within a twelvemonth, when he started for Ireland, and 
thence to Borne. On his return, he went to Fairford in 
May, 1848, and served it conjointly with Swindon until 2nd 
January, 1849, when he reached Axminster. A year later 
he got to Salisbury; soon after to Lyme, which he quitted, 
and the district also, in October, 1853. 

Kendall (Nicholas), James, O.S.B., an honoured name 
amongst his Isrethren, bom 2nd April, 1806, in Kensington- 
square, London; took the Benedictine habit 12th March, 
1824; was ordained priest in September, 1831; began the 
charge of the Downside mission first Sunday of Lent, 1837 ; 
served Cheltenham for at least two years and a half, from 
February, 1850, to July, 1852; since which time he has 
been stationed at Redditch. 

Kendall, Thomas, S.J. — ^AU that I can glean of him is, 
that he was a native of Devonshire, that he enlisted under 
the standard of St. Ignatius in 1635, and that he died at 
Madrid 2nd July, 1672, set. sixty. 

Kennt, Edward. — This zealous and able Irish priest, after 
rendering valuable service for some years at Poole and at 
Spetisbury, was requested by the bishop to take charge of 
the faithful of Penzance. 

Kensington, Edward, S.J., of Lancashire, whose real name 
was Laithwaite. He was younger brother of Thomas, who 
after his conversion went to Seville, where he was ordained 
priest, and sent to the mission in the spring of 1604. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBOT. 339 

Landing at Plymoutb, he was apprehended^ and committed 
to the county jail, then under the castle of Exeter. After 
spending three months in that sink of profligacy and misery, 
Thomas was arraigned at the Lammas assizes, and was con- 
demned to death for his priesthood, on the testimony of a 
man who swore to having seen him celebrate Mass at 
St. Lucar. Edward, the subject of this memoir, was a most 
bigoted Protestant ; on hearing of his brother's imprisonment 
and condemnation, he hurried down to reclaim his unfortunate 
brother from the errors of Popery, and the magistrates wit- 
nessing his enthusiastic zeal allowed him free access to his 
priestly brother. But at the end of eight days he became 
satisfied that he was combating shadows instead of sub- 
stances, — ^that he had mistaken for Catholic doctrines the 
base misrepresentations and calumnies of the enemies of Ood's 
Church. The discovery of such unjustifiable practices served 
as a beacon to direct him through the suites of error, and to 
lift him upon the rock of truth. By the end of the Christmas 
holidays be himself was reconciled to the Catholic Church. 
Impressed with the mercy extended to him, he sought, like 
another St. Paul, to become the instrument of salvation to 
others. After studying for some time at Douay College, that 
storehouse of learning, piety, and martyrdom, he proceeded 
to Brome in 1608. After his ordinations, he came on the 
English mission. Devonshire, where he had been favoured 
with the light of faith, now profited of his ardent zeal to 
propagate it ; and this laborious champion — " laboriosus 
athleta,^' as F. More styles him in his History, p. 392 — sur- 
rendered his life, full of merits, on 24th June, 1643, set. sixty- 
one. Bel. twenty-seven, prof, fift^een. — (See also Part First, 
Chapter I., page 5.) 

Kenton (Anselm), Thomas, O.S.B., took the habit in 
1786. I meet with him as missionary at Beckford in 1840; 
he died at Stanbrooke on 28th July, 1850, set. seventy-nine. 

Kerin, Joseph. — This yoimg and promising priest of the 
London District, for the benefit of his health came to the 
west, and accepted the charge of the Tawstock mission from 
August, 1849, until February, 1850. On 26th October, 1851, 
at the early age of forty-two, he was released from pain, and 
was fit for Heaven. 

Keynes, Alexander, S.J., of Somersetshire, and of a 
family fruitful in ecclesiastics and religious ladies. He 
enteiisd the novitiate of Watten on the evening of 11th 
November, 1669. After many years of labour in England 

z 2 



8iO BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGT. 

he retired to Ghent, where he died in peace on 7th June, 
1713, set. seventy-one. 

Keynes, Charles, S.J., a young Jesuit of great promise. 
Soon after his appointment to the professorship of logic at 
Liege, he was hurried to an early tomb on 20th September, 
1673. 

Keynes, Edward, S. J., died a victim of charity 27th July, 
or 6th August, 1665, during the plague in London, aet. fifty- 
seven, soc. thirty-eight. 

Keynes, George, S.J. — ^There were two of this name in 
the Society. The senior, who is described as " a prudent and 
most virtuous man, and a general favourite,'^ died at St. 
Omer's, late in 1611. The junior, ordained in 1654 (the 
translator of the " Marty rologium Romanum'^), sailed in 
December that year for the Chinese mission, and died in the 
Philippine Islands in 1658. 

Keynts, John, S.J., born at Compton Painsford, co. 
Somerset, whom Dodd, Hist. vol. iii. p. 315, incorrectly calls 
James. In the Collectanea S.J. p. 126, I have given a full 
report of this zealous and charitable missioner, polite 
scholar, able divine, and discreet superior and provincial 
in very critical and eventful times. But he lived to God 
and for God, and could say with David, " Dominus mihi 
adjutor, non timebo quid faciat mihi homo." — (Ps. cxvii.) 
This great and good man died at Watten 15th May, 1697^ 
aet. seventy-three, soc. fifty-two. 

Keynes, Maurice, S.J., entered the order in 1616; said 
his first Mass at the Gesu, in Rome, 2nd December, 1634; 
served the English mission for nine years ; recalled to Liege 
to teach philosophy and moral divinity ; but died in his native 
country Ist February, 1654, set. sixty-one. 

Keynes, Maximilian, S.J., became a novice in 1674; for 
many years he was employed in the cultivation of the English 
vineyard ; at length, being allowed to retire to Watten, he there 
surrendered his soul to his Creator on 3rd March, 1720, aet, 
sixty-eight. 

Kington (Pacificus), Thomas, O.S.P., born at Warwick, 
This very amiable religious, whilst confessor to the Poor 
Clares at Aire, in Artois, was arrested in the beginning of 
the French revolution and consigned to the jail, and would 
have been guillotined on 28th July, 1794, if the tyrant 
Robespierre had not been executed on the preceding 
day. In fact, in Coghlan's Directory for 1795, p. 14, he is 
reported to have been ^' guillotined for having ventured to 



BIOGE^FHICAL LIST OF THE CL15BOY. 341 

exercise his spiritual functions/' On returning to England^ 
afler some time he was appointed chaplain at Taunton Lodge^ 
where I had the comfort of meeting him in November, 1810. 
Retiring therefrom in 1812, he died 18th February, 1827, 
fiet. seventy-three. 

King, alias Scott, Richard, O.S.B., of Somersetshire.— 
From F, Weldon's " Chronological Notes," I learn that this 
good religious died suddenly at Sir Francis Dorrington's 
house in that county, on his return from Wells to his resi- 
dence at Leighland, on 2nd July, 1664, 

Knight, George, S.J., third son of Henry Knight, of 
Cannington, Esq., by his wife Elizabeth Blake, was born 
12th January, 1733 ; began his noviceship in 1754; for soma 
time was employed in the Cornish mission. He died suddenly 
at Courtfield on 25th May, 1790. 

Knight, James, S. J., eldest son of James Knight, of Can- 
nington, Esq., by his wife Mary Diana Rowe, bom at Can- 
nington 20th July, 1780; at the age of thirty-six quitted the 
profession of the law for the religious state. In due time 
he was promoted to holy orders, and said his first Mass at 
Fribourg on Whitsunday, 6th June, 1824. Courtfield was 
his first mission. On 26th August, 1830, he was transferred 
to Soberton. When that mission was removed to Tunbridge 
(where its new chapel was opened 17th July, 1838), F. Knight 
repaired to Stonyhurst, and thence to Chipping, where 
apoplexy carried him off on 12th November, 1844. 

Knight (Nicholas), William, O.S.F., brother to Greorge> 
before mentioned, in early life embraced the order of St. 
Francis ; he was elected a definitor on 27th August^ 1788, and 
when P. Nutt died at Birmingham, 27th September, 1799, was 
called upon to supply the residue of his term of provincialship, 
and at the chapter of 1800 was himself chosen provincials 
At the expiration of his triennium, he retired to Osmotherly, 
where he resigned his soul to God on 1st April, 1806, aet* 
seventy-six. 

Knight, William, S.J., son of Henry Knight, of Axnun- 
ster, Esq., by his wife Mary Barne, was born at Axminster 
3rd August, 1813 ; after studying at Stonyhurst, he joined the 
novices at the age of nineteen ; was ordained priest at Stony* 
hurst 21st September, 1839, and after saying Mass on the 
following day in the College Church, was despatched at once 
to the I^eston mission. There he laboured with indefatigable 
zeal, until ordered to replace F. Mahon, in Trenchard-street^ 
BhstoL 



342 BIOOaAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLSRGT. 



Lact^ Oeoroe Michael^ S.J.^ born at Bristol 23rd April, 
1793; educated at Stonyhurst; for many years was chap- 
lain at Wingerworth, co. Derby, where he died of an enlarge- 
ment of the heart on 16th November, 1836. 

Lapfan, William. — A native of the county of Tipperary, 
studied in Drumcondra College, Dublin, was ordained priest 
in Pentecost, 1852, and since September of that year 
has laboured in the diocese of Plymouth. Penzance has at 
present the benefit of his zealous services. 

Lallart, John, S.J. — ^The first priest that I find attached 
to Bristol was this Jesuit, soon after the accession of 
King George II. ; but I cannot ascertain the period of his 
services. He died at Boulogne on 25th September, 1743^ 
set. fifty-one, soc. twenty-eight. 

Lambert, George, S.J., of Norwich; educated at Stony- 
hurst; joined the society in 1840; for some months in 1855 
was the assistant priest at Wardour, until replaced by 
F. Henry Walmesley on 20th October of that year. 

Lancaster, Joseph, S.J., whose real name was La Motte, 
bom 13th July, 1712, was an alumnus of the English College 
at Bome, and joined the society in 1734. He succeeded F.Lodge 
in the Cornish mission in 1764, after he had discharged the 
ofiice of penitentiary at Loretto for some years, and finally, 
was stationed at Slate Delf, near Chorley, where death closed 
his eyes on 17th September, 1772. 

Lanquetuit, Pierre. — ^This good abb^, after the French 
Revolution, established himself at Poole as a teacher of the 
French language, and in his zeal for religion, with the as- 
sistance of Thomas Weld, Esq., who died 1st August, 1810, 
and of Lady Mannock, who departed in peace 18th April, 
1814 (a benefactress to the amount of £800), began the 
Poole mission, which he conducted with credit until his return 
to France in October, 1820. 

Larkan, John, bom at Newton, near Carrick-on-Suir, 
3rd September, 1804; educated partly at St. John's College, 
Waterford, and partly at Rome ; but was ordained priest at 
Prior-park in December, 1830. His first mission was at 
Westbury, near Bristol, at Pentecost, 1831. Here he was 
suffered to remain in peace above a year and a half, when he 
was doomed to run the gauntlet of our missions. On 4th 
January, 1832,he was transferred to Cannington; on 25th April, 
1834, was removed to Axminster ; and on 19th July, 1834^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF TBS CLERGY. 848 

vas ordered to Torquay, to supply daring Rev, J. M'Enery's 
absence for the benefit of his health. In April, 1885, he was 
despatched to Follaton, where he was to continue until 18th 
November, 1836. Obedience then summoned him to Taw- 
stocky where he was, after a short interval of repose, allowed 
to continue from 20th September, 1837, to 20th of April, 
1838. Thence he was appointed to Shortwood. Here his 
health and spirits literally broke down for some time, when for 
his recovery he was permitted to spend some months at Prior- 
park, and to supply, at Mamhull, for the Easter of 1839; 
but as soon as the restored tone of his constitution and 
spirits would admit, he returned to the solitude of Shortwood. 
In May, 1841, he accepted the Mauritius mission oflfered him 
by Bishop Collier. In a letter which this dear friend wrote 
to me on 1st June, 1841, on board the ship Tanjore, Cap- 
tain M'Leod, he says : — 

'' In about an hour we go down the Thames, commencing 
our long voyage. Our little party consists of Bishop Collier 
and four priests, two of whom are French. Finding myself 
in delicate health and unequal to the efficient discharge of 
the duties of an English mission, I acceded to Bishop Collier's 
application to accompany him to the Mauritius, in hopes of 
re-establishing my health in a warmer climate. At first 
Dr. Baines was unwilling that I should leave the Western 
District, but afterwards complied with Dr. CoUier^s request. 
I subjoin his Exeat : * Cum a nobis petierit Rev*""'* Ged. 
Bern. Collier, Vic. Ap. Insulae Mauritii, ut liceat tibi 
Rev***' Frater ex nostro districtu exire, et sub ejus juris- 
dictione Missioni Apostolicse inservire, nos venerabili con- 
fratri nostro morem gerere, tuseque infirmae valetudini 
consulere cupientes, libenter tibi licentiam concedimus 
ex Vicariatu nostro exeundi et dicto Rev"**- Ep"*" te sub- 
jiciendi, declarantis. Te semper bonis moribus fuisse 
instructum, summumque zelum in missionarii munere pera- 
gendo exercuisse. Quapropter omnia tibi bona exoptantes, 
Benedictionem Apostolicam peramanter impertimur.' '' 

For full seven years he continued to labour in the Mau- 
ritius to the great satisfaction of its bishop. Late in 1848 
he returned to England, but without the renovated constitu- 
tion we had hoped for. After a short period spent at St. 
Edmund's College, Herts, he was appointed assistant to 
the Rev, Edward Culler, at Brighton ; but to the grief of his 
flock and of the public he was found dead in his bed on 4th 
February, 1860, holding St. Luke's Gospel in his hand. 
His solemn funeral on the 7th of February was described in 
the Brighton Herald; but the editor strai^ely confounds 



844- BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBROT. 

him with Rev. John Larkin^ S. J.^ bom at BAvensworth, co» 
Durham^ 2nd February^ 1801^ and at present alive. 

Well knowing my reverend friend during the ten years he 
was serving our Western missions, I may be allowed to add^ 
that I have rarely met a more talented, modest, self-denying, 
conciliating priest — one more deeply endued with the apo- 
stolic spirit. 

Laurenson, James, S.J. — This best of my friends, of sixty 
years' standing, ^'animae dimidium meae,'' was bom at Witham, 
Essex, 8th September, 1781 ; and was educated partly at Liege 
and partly at Stonyhurst. Devoting himself to God and 
religion, after rendering invaluable service to his college in 
the capacity of prefect and deputy procurator, he was ap- 
pointed successor to the Rev. Felix Vauquelin in the Ugbrooke 
mission, which he reached, to my great joy, on 27th Sep- 
tember, 1816. For full fourteen years and a quarter he 
superintended with pastoral solicitude his rapidly increasing 
flock, and published a very useful vade mecum, entitled 
'' The Scriptural Evidence of the True Catholic Faith,'' a 
12mo. of 140 pages, in the year 1822. To the regret of his 
flock, and a numerous acquaintance of all denominations, he 
quitted Ugbrooke on 10th January, 1831, to take charge of 
the faithful at Lincoln, where he arrived on the 26th of that 
month and year. Here also he was doing incredible good, 
when his friend Everard, the tenth Lord Arundell, who 
knew and appreciated his merits, importuned his superiors to 
transfer him to the important mission of Wardour. His 
lordship's wish was granted, and my old friend reached his 
destination on 23rd June, 1832. On 4th November that 
year he presented to Bishop Baines for confirmation no less 
than 166 persons. By his tact, industry, and judicious 
system of management, he improved the temporalities of the 
place, the comforts of his residence, and the resources of the 
poor-school : and he succeeded in attaching to the mission a 
convenient and spacious cemetery, which was opened with im- 
posing solemnity on 1st January, 1836, to the unfeigned 
satisfaction and joy of the spectators and friends of religion. 
But after twenty-one years and nearly a half of incessant 
labour, this model of pastors was unceremoniously parted 
with by the family; and since 18th November, 1853, Wor- 
cester possesses the privilege of his ministerial services. 

Lawson, Thomas, O.S.B. — This universally-esteemed 
religious, after serving the mission, was wisely selected, on 
10th May, 1814, to be the first prior of St. Gregory's, at 
Downside, of which possession had been taken about a 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 845 

fortniglit previously. Resigning his office on 23rd July^ 1818^ 
he retired to Salford Nunnery, where, to use the words of 
St. Maximus, ''Sanctam perfectamque vitam mors Deo 
devota condusit/' on 23rd April, 1830. 

Lee, John, bom in London 28th August, 1768. He served 
Hatherop foi; several years, when he was translated to the 
Bavarian Chapel, London, to which he was attached until 
his pious death on 13th July, 1839. 

N.B. In the Directory of 1831 it is recorded in the 
obituary, " 1830. February 6th, the Eev. Francis Leigh, 
Hatherop (Douay).'' 

Lee, Joseph, elder brother of John, the last mentioned, 
bom also on 28th August, 1765. Like his brother, he was 
educated at Douay College, and succeeded the Rev. Ralph 
Southworth at Spetisbury. When Dr. Moulins quitted 
Blandford in 1814, this good priest, in his zeal and charity, 
charged himself with attending the faithful in Blandford 
also. For several^ years before his death he was tried by 
severe bodily suffering ; but meekly departed to our Lord on 
Monday morning, 20th January, 1840. 

Lempfrid, Prosper, O.S.B., bom at Leixham, in Lorraine, 
23rd June, 1809 ; was professed in the order of Bedemp- 
torists, 8th December, 1833, and was ordained priest on 
18th February, 1837. He is connected with the west by 
his appointment to the Falmouth mission, where he arrived 
on 16th June, 1843; but, to the regret of many, left in 
August, 1844. He is still living in some English mission. 
At baptism he had received the additional Christian names 
of Augustus Xaverius. 

Lenoronne, Charles, born in Normandy 1st January, 
1760; for seventeen years he resided at Lanheme, where he 
died, as he had lived, the model of the ecclesiastical spirit, 
on 9th April, 1823, and was buried in the new cemetery of 
the convent. 

Lewis, John, alias Kemts, was connected with the Tynte 
family, co. Somerset, and was admitted as alumnus of the 
English College at Rome in 1653. He was certainly an 
inmate chaplain at Tor Abbey before the year 1685. By an 
instmment bearing date 26th August, 1708,^ he assigned 

* Mr. Lewis's will was made also on 26th August, 1708, and was 
proved in the Bishop's Court at Exeter on 9th May, 1709, when admi- 
nistration was granted to Martin Giffard, of St. Mangan's, CornwaU, 
gentleman. 



346 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLKROT. 

all his right, title, claim, and interest in and nnto a certain 
bond (£600) signed, sealed, and delivered by Edward Cary^ 
of Tor Abbey, Esq., and George Carey, his son, Gent., for 
the following purpose, ** that the principal due on the said 
bond shall remain for a perpetual fund, at £5 per cent, 
interest, for the maintenance of a priest of the secalar 
clergy .'' The obligation which the grantor annexed was, 
that "the priest shall at all times assist the present fitmily of 
Tor Abbey, and their Catholic successors, provided that they 
afford him decent residence, diet, and keeping of a horse.* 
Moreover, the priest shall assist such poor Catholics as shall 
happen to be in the parishes of Pancras, Parkham, and 
thereabouts, when it so happens that the said poor shall not 
be otherwise provided for. Moreover, the said priest shall say 
one Mass of Requiem upon the day of my death, and seven 
more annually for me, the donor, for ever.'' From the 
parish register of Tor Mohun I collect that '^ Mr. Lewis, of 
Tor Abbey, was buried April 20th, 1709.'' 

Lewis, Laurence, O.S.B. — All that I can learn of him 
is, that he was professed at Dieulwart, and that he died at 
Stoke, CO. Gloucester, 3rd Oct. 1633. 

Lewis, Thomas, S.J., alias CuLCHETH,t was bom in Lan- 
cashire, 21st April, 1741. After studying at Valladolid, 
he embraced the Society 28th June, 1763 ; for a time he 
assisted as missionary at Lindley, Wappenbury, and War- 
dour, and then was stationed at Chidiock, where he resided 
for twenty-one years. On the Rev. William Poole's quitting 
Exeter in January, 1807, F. Lewis was directed to replace 
him until October of that year, when he was succeeded by the 
collector of these memoranda, and the venerable father 

* I meet with a similar arrangement by Mrs. Poyntz, of Leighland, 
made abont twenty years before. She left her estate to her nephew, 
Mr. Rowe, subject to the condition of maintaining a Benedictine chap- 
lain. If he lived in the house, he was to hare his diet, and a horse kept 
free of expense, and a salary of X7 per annum. But should he serve 
the place only, and not reside in the house, he was to receive £10 
per annum. In either case he was to celebrate a determined number 
of Masses. And should the family cease to keep a priest, then X300 
were to be paid to th6 Benedictine province. 

In the Gary case, as Mr. McEnerv, on his accepting the Tor Abbey 
mission in 1£&2, expressed a decided preference to live out of the houae, 
the family agreed to raise the stipend from £dO to £60. 

t This was once a respectable family in Lancashire, and maintained 
a priest. The estate came to the Diconsons, who married Melior Cul- 
cheth, a heiress. A branch of the familv is represented by Parmenas 
Culcheth Pearce, of Teingbridge House, Devon, Esq., whose mother's 
grandfather, William Culcheth, came into this county about the time 
of King James II., and died at Kingsteignton lOth December, 1799. 



BIOO&APHICAL LIST OF THB CLSBOT. 847 

returned to Chidiock. The voice of obedienoe called him 
theuce to serve the community at New Hall for a time. 
But he was permitted to resume his favourite station at 
Chidiock, where he died, honoured and lamented, on 5th 
September, 1809. He was borne to his grave in the 
Arundell vault of that parish church by six Catholic brothers 
of the name of Tucker^ — worthy members of his oongrega^ 
tion. 

Leyne, . — All that I can glean of this wandering 

priest is, that he took charge of the Poole congregation in 
the summer of 1835, and disappeared after a service of 
eleven months. 

Lodge, Thomas, S.J., bom 7th July, 1726, and admitted 
a novice in 1744. Soon after his promotion to the priesthood^ 
he was sent to Lanherne, and conciliated general esteem; 
but in the mid-career of his usefulness he was cut off, on 6th 
January, 1764, by having slept in a damp bed, as I was 
informed by the gentleman who superintended his funeral. 

Logan, Henry Francis Charles, LL.D., bom at Poole^ 
9th September, 1800; was educated at Cowbridge Grammar 
School, in Glamorganshire, and Corpus .Christi College, 
Cambridge; but left without graduating. After his con- 
version, he was admitted into the English College at 
Rome, where he completed his theological course; but 
received the higher orders at Prior-park in the Ember weeks 
of Advent, 1830, with the Rev. John Larkan. For some 
time he was professor of mathematics at Prior-park, which 
he left for St. Mary's, Oscott, where for many years he 
rendered important services and filled the office of vice- 
president. Ailer serving several missions, he is now stationed 
at Cale Hill, Kent. 

LoMAx, Charles, S.J., son of Richard Grimshaw Lomax, 
of Claytcm Hall, co. Lancaster, Esq., by his wife Catherine 
Greaves, bom 8th August, 1810, and educated in the 
adjoining college of Stonyhurst ; at the age of seventeen he 
enrolled himself amongst the children of St. Ignatius, and 
was ordained priest 24th September, 1836. His first mis- 
sion was Boston, on 9th May, 1837 ; but within a year and 
a half he was transferred to Tunbridge Wells. In February, 
1840, he was removed, for the benefit of his health, to 
Spinkhill, now St. Marj^'s, the oldest mission of the province; 
in September the same year he was chained with Hodder. 
In September, 1841, he was transplanted to Worcester ; at 
fit the end of a twelvemonth he was started for St. Ignatius's 



348 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

Churchy Preston ; within three months later he was placed 
at Lydiate; eleven months after he was despatched to St. 
Acheul ; eleven months later to Wigan ; and the following 
year, on 16th October, 1845, to Ugbrooke, where he found a 
place " Ubi requiesceret pes ejus." — (Gen. viii, 9.) In the 
First Fart, Chapter III., I have mentioned his successful zeal 
for Teignmouth, and I congratulate its people on having now 
— since 28th February, 1856 — secured the undivided services 
of this apostolic missioner. 

LoMAx, William, S. J., the elder brother of F. Charles, as 
also of F. Walter Lomax, S.J., was born 26th April, 1804; 
was admitted a novice at Mont Rouge, Paris, in 1822; 
ordained priest 21st September, 1833; and six days later 
made his dibui in the laborious mission of Preston. He is 
connected with the West by being made coadjutor to F. James 
Laurenson in the care of the Wardour congregation, from 14th 
October, 1843, to 7th March, 1845, when he was summoned 
to Stonyhurst. Shortly after he was directed to supply at 
Richmond, co. York ; thence was transferred to Stockheld ; 
but from 12 th January, 1849, was stationed at Ponte- 
fract, where this friend of education died on 8th May, 1856. 
His funeral, on the 13th, was honourably attended. 

LoRYMER, . — ^A gentleman who knew him well 

in Cornwall assured me that he was a secular priest, and that 
he died at Lanheme in 1762^ I have searched in vain for 
further particulars. 

LovETT, Albert, O.S.D., resided at Ugbrooke, partly as 
tutor to the sons of Hugh, the second Lord Cliflford, and 
partially as chaplain. On 25th April, 1738, he was chosen 
twelfth provincial of his brethren, and had hardly completed 
his qtiadriennium of superiority when he died in London on 
1st June, 1742. 

LouoHLiN, O*, Peter, bom 4th November, 1792 ; ordained 
priest by Archbishop Troy, in Dublin, on 23rd December, 
1815 ; for some years was parish priest and grand vicar of 
the diocese of Kilfanora and Kilmadugh ; but from bad health 
was compelled to resign his appointments. I have seen 
Archbishop Murray's commendatory letters of my reverend 
friend, dated 6th May, 1834, describing him as " religionis 
zelo plenum, fide et morum integritate laudabilem, pietate, 
patienti&, cseterisque virtutibus Christianis et ecclesiasticis 
praeditum.'^ In the hope that the Devonshire air might 
revive him, he accepted the easy mission of Axminster, where 
he arrived on 8th October, 1834; but his state of health 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 849 

obliged him to cease from attempting its dutiels just before 
Christmas. How he still survives is idmost miracolous. He 
may truly say, '* Quotidie morior.'* 

Lynass, John (Benedict), bom at St. Helen's 6th August, 
1823; professed at Ampleforth 15th August, 1843. Soon 
after his ordinations, he was sent to Cheltenham late in 1851 ; 
but his stay was short. He is now serving Leyland mission, 
near Preston. 

Lynch, Thomas, bom at Loughrea, Galway, in 1802 ; was 
ordained at Maynooth in 1829. After serving Spetisbury 
and Salisbury, he became the incumbent of Axminster on 
10th September, 1852. Here he gave much satisfaction by 
his blameless life ; but getting nervous about his health, he 
chose to depart on 26th July, 1855. We began to give him 
up, when he reappeared on 10th November, but to depart 
(finally?) on Candlemas-day, 1856, to take charge of a 
community of nuns, with 100 scholars, at Bawnpark, in 
Ireland. 

Lyons, Joseph, O.S.D., bom at CuUen, co. Louth, in June, 
1797 ; professed in the Order at Esker, co. Galway, in 1818; 
studied two years in Rome, and four at Perugia ; was ordained 
priest at St. John of Lateran, in 1821, by Cardinal Litta, and 
was employed as Lector of Theology. With the consent of 
his superior, he was allowed, on account of declining health, 
to come on the English mission ; but for which the sequel 
proved he was little qualified. For a short time he was 
at Cannington in 1830; and for a brief space was Professor 
of Theology at Ampleforth; then descended to the mission 
of Usk; thence came to Calverleigh on 28th November, 
1 835, to quit for Lyme on 28th December, 1 836. His presence 
was afterwards inflicted on the communities of Lanheme and 
Hartpury Court ; but his total want of self-control became so 
notorious, that he was removed to Esker, where he could not 
but practise moderation ; and there he finished his course. 



M. 

MacAulifpb, D.D., Thomas, bom at Cork 28th April, 
1819; created D.D. at the Propaganda in 1843. For nine 
years he laboured like an Apostle in the East-India missions, 
and nearly lost his sight by a coup de soleil. To recover his 
health he reached London, and Cardinal Wiseman placed 
him at St. Joseph's, Bunhill-row, and at SS. Peter and Paul, 
Clerkcnwell. It was agreed in August, 1855, that he should 



850 BIOOBAFHIGAL LIST OF THE CLEBGT. 

be employed at Stonehonse, where he arrived on 11th of that 
months and when Dr. Vaughan came down to be installed 
Bishop of Plymouth^ on 25th September^ 1855, Dr. McAulifFc 
was declared rector. After displaying indefatigable zeal, he 
quitted for Rome 28th July, 1856. He has since returned 
from the Eternal City, and writes to me that he met with a 
very kind reception at the Propaganda. They have sent him 
back to Bishop Grant, with a promise of a pension firom the 
Vicariate of Madras. 

McDermot, Anthony, O.S.D., bom at Ramore, co. Galway, 
4th December, 1800 ; began his classical education at Clon- 
gowes, but finished his higher studies at the College of the 
Minerva, at Rome, where he entered the holy order of St. 
Dominic 15th September, 1830. In the following year he 
was ordained priest. On 11th August, 1833, he entered on 
the Salisbury mission, which he left for Merthyr Tydvil. 
The Directory shows that he tried his luck in other dioceses^ 
and at last settled at Berwick-upon-Tweed, where, after 
several years' service, he died on 21st February, 1855. 

McDonnell, John, bom at Limerick 10th June, 1796. — 
He had been a reporter for the London press, when he be- 
thought himself of embracing the ecclesiastical state. Too 
hastily was he ordained priest at Prior-park in December, 
1834, and within four months was sent to conduct the Tor- 
quay mission, from which he had to decamp on 12th May, 
1836, to seek refuge in Trinidad, where he ended his 
career in Febraary, 1839. His friend, the Rev. J. McEnery, 
writing to me, says, *' Considering the past — his liability to 
mental derangement, and the constant outbreaks of that 
wound in his leg, his decease cannot be regarded in any 
other light than as desirable. R.I.P." 

McDonnell, James, of Ireland, educated at Carlow and 
Stonyhurst ; succeeded TAbbe Dubuisson, at Weymouth, in 
1822; at the expiration of eighteen months he quitted for 
Rotheraas, whence he was transferred to Leamington, co. 
Warwick, where an elegant and commodious chapel, in 
honour of St. Peter, had been opened in October, 1828. 
(See Ordo of 1832, p. 25.) There the good man exerted all 
his talents and energy of character for the benefit of souls, 
until his happy death on 26th June, 1838. On Ist July 
following, his precious remains were deposited at the foot of 
the altar. R.I .P. 

McDonnell, Michael TnoiiAB, a radiant name among 
his brethren, bom 4th February, 1792, at East Grinstead, 
Sussex; entered Sedgley-park school on Ist February, 1802, 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLEBOT. 851 

and began Latin together with Bishop Briggs^ Rev. Samuel 
Day, O.S.B., and several other worthies. Four years later, 
26th March, 1806, he was transferred to St. Mary's College, 
Oscott, in the company of the present Bishop Wareing (bom 
16th February, 1791), and the Rev. William Foley, who died 
in February, 1843. In this excellent seminary he pursued 
his studies with distinguished credit, and was qualified to 
receive priesthood from the hands of his Mend, the immortal 
Bishop Milner, on 19th September, 1817. His first mission 
was Worksop, where he an-ived on Friday, 6th February, of 
the year 1818. Six years later, on 11th April, 18^, the 
Feast of the Dolors of our Lady, he was removed to a much 
wider field for his zeal and commanding talents — St. Peter's 
Church, Birmingham. There, amidst good report and evil 
report, he laboured with an apostolic spirit, and extraordi- 
nary benefit to the Catholic cause, in most critical and 
eventful times, until 31st July, 1841, when he retired from 
its onerous duties. Bishop Baines was anxious to employ 
him in the Western District, and had mentioned to him 
Plymouth, Bath, and Bristol ; but the matter ended in his 
accepting the mission of Tor Abbey, which he reached on 2l8t 
December, 1841, and there he rendered important service to 
religion, until Bishop Baggs, who entertained the highest 
opinion of his merits, promoted him at Midsummer, 1844, 
to St. Augustine's Church, at Clifton.* At the end of 
October, 1847, this gifted priest repaired to Rome, where 
he arrived 8th December, and on his return in July, 1848, 
was stationed at St. Peter's, Gloucester, where he continued 
two years, when Bishop Hendren, in Jidy, 1850, ofiered him 
the extensive mission of Plymouth. There he worked with 
his characteristic energy (see Petition in the Appendix) until 
he made way, on 13th October, 1851, for the Right Rev. 
Dr. Errington, who had been consecrated the first bishop of 
the new see of Plymouth on 25th July that year. Since 1st 
April, 1852, my talented friend has been shelved at Short- 
wood. Always ready with his pen, and his fluent tongue, to 
uphold the cause of truth, and justice, and charity, his merits 
would fill a volume; and his name will go down to posterity 
as one of the ablest and most honourable of the secular 
clergy. 

McEnery, John, the fourth son, I believe, of Mr. 
Matthew McEnery, of Limerick, was born in that city 27th 

* This good bishop, an example of mild and condescending bearing, 
has been known to say, ** I have not a more docile priest in my diocese 
than the Rev. Thomas McDonnell." 



852 BIOOBAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBGT. 

November, 1796. His father, being borthened with a large 
family, quitted Ireland for the United States of America, 
leaving John, who had manifested a strong disposition for 
the ecclesiastical estate, to pursue his studies in the episcopal 
seminary at home. And how well the youth profited of the 
opportunity, is apparent by his promotion to the priesthood 
at Limerick on Ist June, 1819, and by the testimonial of his 
professor of divinity, Dr. Charles Hanrehan, who had known 
him from childhood, and certified on 7th January, 1822, to 
his talents and virtues, adding, '^Eum, ut qui sit optimse spei 
Presbyter, plurimiim in Domino commendo ;" — and by the 
exeat of the same date from his bishop, Dr. Charles Tuohy, 
stating him to be worthy, " qui ab omnibus, tanquam pius 
Christi Sacerdos admittatur.'^ 

On the 8th March, 1822 (Friday), he reached Exeter, 
where I first made his acquaintance, and the next day he 
quitted me to make his debut in the Tor Abbey mission* 
During the nineteen years that he continued attached to the 
Cary &mily, i.e, until his lamented death, he secured their 
affection and confidence; and I can truly say, from my 
intimate knowledge of him, that as far as his delicate health 
would permit, he was exemplary in the discharge of his 
ministerial duties ; that he had a heart formed for enduring 
friendships ; and that, in my long experience, I have met with 
no priest who inspired and conciliated, to a greater degree, 
the respect and esteem of all classes, by the courtesy of his 
manners, his polished taste, his vigorous inteUect, and varied 
learning. The Geological Societies of London, Paris, &c., 
were proud to number him among their members. But his 
health was very delicate, and Bishop Baines, in his license 
for his travelling abroad, dated Bath, 12th April, 1836, re- 
commended him to all prelates for permission to celebrate 
Mass, ''aliasve sui ordinis functiones exercere, prout ipsi 
necessarium, vel ipsis visum fuerit, permittere dignentur.'' 
Returning firom his travels with no improvement to his health, 
he led a lingering life, and died on Thursday evening, 18th 
February, 1841, in the friendly abbey. His mortal remains 
were deposited near his pious friend the Rev. Charles Timings, 
in Tor Mohun churchyard. 

Maes, Louis, bom in Iweregham, in the diocese of Bruges, 
on 29th November, 1811 ; was promoted to priesthood on 
20th December, 1884, by Engelbert, archbishop of Mechlin, 
and created Bachelor of Divinity with high commendation, 
in the University of Louvain, on 20th March, 1837; in the 
ensuing year was appointed to St. James's parish, in the city 



BIOORAPHICAt LIST OF THB CLERGY. 853 

of Bruges; but after twelve years' dischai^e of its pa8tx>ral 
duties^ this amiable and enligntened ecclesiastic accepted the 
direction of the Visitation Nuns at Westbury super Trym, 
where he arrived on 29th June, 1850. 

Mahon, Henry^ S.J.^ born in Dublin 25th September, 
1804; studied at Stonyhurst; commenced his novitiate at 
Mont Rouge 1st November, 1823 ; for four years conducted 
the little school of the order in London ; was ordained priest 
at Stonyhurst 20th December, 1834. This very inteUigent, 
solid, and meek father was appointed assistant missionary at 
Wardour from 8rd April, 1835, to 4th July, 1838, when he 
was transferred to Preston. There two years' hard service 
so impaired his health, that he was relieved from all mis- 
sionary labour. On 13th September, 1842, he was enabled 
to take charge of the Spetcfaley congregation for the next 
four years, when he was directed to assist the venerable 
Dr. Coombes, at Shepton Mallett. In March, 1848, he was 
ordered to Trenchard-street Chapel, Bristol ; thence recalled 
to London, where he is now stationed. 

Maorath, Cornelius, an eccentric young priest of the 
sister kingdom, for about two years was stationed at 
Axminster, but quitted at Midsummer, 1824. What became 
of him I never could learn. Most certainly he was dis- 
qualified to uphold the respectability of a Catholic clergyman. 

Mansfield, Richard, bom 2nd September, 1828, at Old 
Strancally Castle, parish of Kilcoker, co. Waterford; made 
his studies at St. John's College, Waterford. In Pentecost 
week, 1851, he was ordained subdeacon and deacon, and 
priest on Septuagesima Sunday, 1852, by Dr. Nicholas 
Foran, bishop of that city. On 12th March, 1852, he com- 
menced his missionary career at Stonehouse; but on 16th 
October of that year was sent to Camborne, where he is 
producing much fruit. 

Manobr, Thohas, of the diocese of Winton; arrived at 
Rome in 1587. He is mentioned by Bishop Challoner in his 
Memoirs, in the report of the execution of William Pikes, the 
lay martyr, at Dorchester, in 1591. All that I can glean 
farther of this venerable priest is, that he was officially ap- 
pointed archdeacon of Somerset and Dorset. 

Marcellian (John Anthony Pini). — Of this Passionist 
father — bom 24th December, 1819 ; admitted to his religious 
profession on 10th August, 1837 ; and who died prior of his 
brethren at Woodchester, so prematurely, on 14th March, 

2 a 



{(64 BIOOBAPHIOAL UST OF THB CUBGT. 

1848 — I bave treated in the first Fbrt of this compilatbilj^ 
Chapter XIV., p. 167. 

■ Mark, John, S.J., was bom in Devonshire in lft21 ; at 
the age of nineteen he consecrated himself to God in the 
Society. In 1652 he was ordered to the Lancashire mission^ 
where I find him three years later, after which I lose sight of 
him. 

Marsst, Jean Baptists, bom, as he told me, at Tour de 
Yille 1st April, 1768 ; was ordained priest at Winchester in 
the Whitsun week of 1798, by the bishop of BhodcE, and 
soon was attached to Lord Axundell's family at Wardonr. On 
the retirement of F. Edward Nihell he succeeded to the 
charge of that numerous congregation, and for sixteen years 
held it, with credit to himself and the benefit of his flock. 
Infirmities led him to resign its arduous duties in March, 
and on 26th July, 1817, to succeed to the direction ot the 
Theresian nuns at Canford; eight years later he escorted 
them to Torigni; and at the end of five years to a more 
eligible residence at Valognes. There the venerable abbe^ 
closed a life of usefulness on 8rd Febraary, 1849, at the age 
of eighty-one. 

Marquant, Henri Jacques. — This learned and solid eccle- 
siastic succeeded the Rev. Henry Innes, at Calverleigh, but 
quitted in the spring of 1808 to become director to the Bene- 
dictine nuns at Winchester, with whom he remained until his 
death in August, 1831. 

Martin, John, O.S.B. — This Douay monk, shortly after 
being made priest, was sent to his old father at Balsbury, in 
Somersetshire; but fell sick of the small-pox, and before he 
could reach his father's house, died at Wells on 80th April, 
1672, being assisted, says Weldon, by the Rev. F. Peter Salvin, 
and having sent for and seen his parent before his death. 

Martin, Thomas, a secular priest of considerable note, and 
appointed archdeacon of Cornwall and Devon. 

Mattroi^, . — I well remember this respectable 

French abb6 at Truro, in October, 1810, where he had been 
stationed some time. I think he returned to France at the 
restoration of the Bourbons. 

MAyhew, Edward, O.S.B., of Dinton, near Salisbury. — 
After being a secular priest on the mission for twelve years, 
he took the Benedictine habit, and was admitted to his pro- 
fession by the venerable restorer of his brethren, F. Sigebert 
Buckley, on 2l8t November, 1607. His learned labours 
are, ''Notes upon the Sarum Manual'^; ''The Grounds 



BlOtfftAPHICAL LI8T OF VHV CIiSBOT. 86S' 

of the New end Old Religion ;'' ''An Answer to Mr. Field's 
Objections;'' ''A Paradise of Prayers;'' '' Congregationis 
Anglicanse Ordinis S. Benedicti Trophsea." This last work he 
dedicated to his dear friend. Dr. William Gifford, O.S.B. 
Bodd could not ascertain the time of his death ; but F. Weldon 
(p. 124) records that he died at Cambray 14th SeptembeTj 
1625, and that he lies buried in the parish church of St. 
Vedast, 

Matnb, CuTHBBftT. — Of this Protomartyr of Donay Col- 
lege, I have spoken in the first chapter of this work. He 
was hcftn at Youlston, near Barnstaple. At Easter, 1676, he 
reached Gtolden, the seat of Francis Tregian, Esq., in St. 
Probus' parish, Cornwall, as his chaplain; but passed for 
his steward. In June of the following year. Dr. William 
Bradhridge, bishop of Exeter, being on his visitation at 
Truro in that, neighbourhood, prevailed on Sir Bicfaard 
Grenville, the high sheriff, to seareh Golden House, and there, 
says Tonkin, the Cornish historian, ^' the priest was found 
concealed under an old tower." Dr. Challoner's Memoir 
of this martyr, who suffered at Launceston on 29th November, 
1577, is pai*ticularly interesting. As for the sanguinary 
bishop, " he was found dead at his living of Newton Ferrers, 
no one being about him, on 28th June, 1578, in debt for 
tenths and subsidies received to the amount of £1^400, 
whereupon all his goods were seized for the queen's use/' 

Mekedith, John, a native of Bristol ; educated at Oxford, 
but ejected soon after the accession of Queen Elizabeth. 
From Doiiay he was sent a missionary into England in 1576. 
Dodd, vol. ii., p. 109, says, that after labouring in his 
functions, he was at last apprehended, and suffered a long 
imprisonment, chiefly at Wisbech. The venerable old man 
was bamshed in 1608, and probably died abroad. 

Mbtcalf, Edward, O.S.B., in religion took the name of 
Flacidus. He was a most promising member of Ampleforth, 
when he accepted Bishop Baines' offer of secularization, and 
to aid his lordship in the organization of Prior-park College. 
Full of zeal and talent, he was soon after sent to Talacre, in 
Flintshire, where he acquired such a competent knowledge 
of the Welsh language, as to translate into it ''The Douay 
Catechism," and " The Garden of the Soul," *' Reasons 
for Embracing the Catholic B.eligion," and " Think Well 
On't," for the benefit of his flock and the principality. His 
next mission was Newport. There he laboured with apostolic 
fervor for several years. In 1844, and the following year, he. 
was removed to the easier station of Trenchard-street, Bristol, 

2 A 2 



856 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLBRGY. 

— ^thence transferred to Leeds^ where he died, the ▼ictim of 
fever, on 28th May, 1847, aet. fifty-six. He might say^ 
'^ Yivus docui ; nee cesso docere mortuus/' 

Mitchell, John, bom 2nd February, 1811; completed 
his studies at Oscott, and on 18th October, 1837, was pro- 
moted to the priesthood, by Bishop Walsh, in company with 
the Rev. James Brown, who has since been consecrated the 
first bishop of Shrewsbury. For a short period my reverend 
friend was coadjutor to the Rev. Thomas Macdonnell, of 
St. Peter's, at Birmingham, whence he was transferred to 
Chipping Norton, which he served with great credit for 
nearly seventeen years. For the benefit of his health he 
sought a warmer climate. Bishop Bui^ess kindly offered 
him the Taunton mission, which he reached on 3rd February, 
1853, and I trust it will long experience the fruits of his 
experience and of his enei^etic administration* 

MiLDMAY, Matthew, S.J. — Owing to the loss of docu- 
ments, but very scanty light can be thrown on this reverend 
father. He was certainly labouring in the diocese of Exeter 
in 1701 and 1704 ; but of how long, before or after, no trace 
remains. He died on 5th March, 1713. 

MiLLiNOTON, George, O.S.B. — In religion took the 
name of Bernard, succeeded his reverend confrire, F. King, 
or Scott, already mentioned, at Leighland in 1664; and, like 
him, died suddenly on 4th August, 1667, on his returning 
from Taunton to his home, aged about forty. 

MiOT, L'Abbe. — ^This amiable and talented priest, after 
serving the church of Clifton for seven years and a half, was 
transferred, in the middle of April, 1856, to Chelsea. 

MoLYNBUx, Richard, S.J., senior and junior. — ^The first 
was bom 10th March, 1696, and entered the order at the 
age of nineteen. For a time he was stationed at Gateshead, 
and professed in Maryland 13th June, 1734, where, two 
years later, he was declared superior. Returning to England, 
he was placed at Mamhull for a short time ; thence he was 
transferred to Bonham, where he closed a blameless life on 
17th May, 1766. 

The junior was bom 3rd Majr, 1700 ; at the age of twenty- 
two he devoted himself to Grod in the Society. I meet him at 
Mamhull on 25th November, 1755, and there he ended his 
course 6th June, 1769. 

Molyneux, William, S.J., a native of Lancashire, and 
bom 1st February, 1726; consecrated himself to Qod in 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OP THE CLERGY, 357 

religion at the age of twenty-two, was ordained priest at 
Liege on 13th June, 1756, and was promoted to the rank of 
a professed father 2nd February, 1767. He had served 
Stapehill for some time, before he was called away to serve 
the missions of Ince-Blundell, Stonyhurst, and Brinn^ in his 
native county. Obiit 30th April, 1789, 

MoRALL, Alphonsus Maria, O.S.B., bom at Stoodley, 
CO. Warwick, 20th March, 1825. After completing humani- 
ties at Downside, he was professed in the order, 28th 
January, 1845, and promoted to priesthood at Prior-park by 
Bishop Burgess on 21st September, 1853, and soon aftar was 
appointed pastor of the Downside congregation. 

MoREWooD (Bernard) James, O.S.D., bom in Warwick- 
shire 1st May, 1824, and educated at Shrewsbury School ; 
was received into the Catholic Church on Whit-Saturday, 
1843 ; entered the Dominican Convent at Hinckley, in the 
first week 6t October, 1845 ; professed 10th October, 1846 ; 
and ordained priest at Oscott by Bishop Ullathome 22nd 
December, 1849. FuU of energetic zeal and charity, — and 
of the spirit of his holy order, — ^it is wonderful how he multi- 
plies himself in enkindling the fire that Christ came to cast 
upon the earth. Woodchester and Stroud proclaim his 
merits ; but I forbear, and must leave it to posterity to do 
him justice. 

Morgan, Charles, borne at Knowle Manor House, near 
Bristol, 5th September, 1830. Converted to the Catholic 
faith in 1849, he was inspired with zeal to become the 
minister of salvation to others. After studying at Prior- 
park, he was ordained subdeacon 12th March, deacon 21st 
September, 1853; and priest on Epiphany, 1856. He 
assisted at Axminster for a month, sailed for the Crimea 
5th March, 1856, and reached Scutari in safety. 

MoRiLAND, L'Abbb. — ^This truly amiable priest served Tor 
Abbey for some time ; but, as I well remember, quitted soon 
after my arrival at Exeter. He went direct to Wappenbury, 
near Coventry, and there continued until his return to 
France, about 1816. 

Morris, John Brande. — ^This eminent scholar was bom 
at Brentford, Middlesex, on 4th September, 1812, and was 
nephew to the distinguished chemist, Mr. William Brande. 
In 1831, he was entered a commoner of Balliol College, 
Oxford ; two years later was elected Fellow of Exeter College ; 
and subsequently was appointed assistant to Dr. Fusey in 
the HelH^w Professorship of that university. 



858 .BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF TBI CLBBOY. 

On 16tb January^ 1846, this gifted man embraeed tbe 
Catholic faith, and was promoted to priesthood at St. Mary's 
College, Oscott, in 1849. To sustain the credit of Prior- 
park, he lent for a time the aid of his great talents to the 
students there, but retired much dissatisfied. On 90th June, 
1852, he attached himself as chaplain to the late Edmund 
Eodney PoUexfen Bastard, of Katley, in the parish of 
Yealmpton, Devon, Esq., and there he opened the new 
Catholic chapel, near the parish church, on Sunday, 4th July, 
1852. The prospects to religion grew cheering, and he had the 
satisfaction of witnessing his patron's marriage to his early 
friend, Florence Mary, eldest daughter of Simon Scrope, of 
Danby, Esq., at St. Mary's, Chelsea, on 22nd November of 
the ensuing year. In fitct, he had been the principal 
instrament, nnder God, of introducing the oonple to eadi 
other. 

Bishop Errington nominated my reverend friend a canon 
of the New Chapter of the Cathedral of Plymouth, and he 
was duly instaU^ on 6th December, 1858. We hailed him 
to an ornament and Inminary of our Body, but were grieved 
to hear, in the autumn of 1855, that there was a probibility 
of our losing the benefit of his valuable services. Matters 
did not run so smoothly and comfortably for him at 
Yealmpton as we could have wished, and he accepted the 
ofier of chaplain to his former pupil. Sir John Acton, of 
Aldenham Hall, near Bridgnorth, co. Salop^ where he arrived 
on 29th November, 1855. 

«< I bone, quo virtas tna te voeat : ipede hnato, 
Grandia laturus merltomm presmia." 

We have from the pen of this profound thinker— 

1. Nature, a Parable ; a Poem, in seven books. 
• 2. A Translation of St. Chrysostom's Tome on St. Paul's 
Epistle to the Bomans. 

8. An Essay for th^ Conversioii of the Hindus (to this a 
priae of j£200 was awarded by the examiners, Professor 
Wilson, of Oxford, and Dr. Mill, of Cambridge). 
. 4. Select HomUies from St. Ephrem, from the Syriac, in 
1846. 

5. A Translation from the Italian, " The Months of May 
and November ; " written by P. Alphonsus Muzzarelli, S. J.^ 
who died 25th May, 1818, set. sixty-four. 

6. *' Jesus, the Son of Mary,*' 2 vols. 8vo. 1851. 

I know that he contributed several articles to the Protestant 
Critic, to the English Churchman, with the final letters of his 
names, " N. E. S.,'' and some Essays in the DubliM Beviem 



mOG&APHICAL LIST OF THB CLEBOTl 869 

And Rambler. His Letters oti Education appeared in the 
fVeekly Register. 

Morton^ David. — His real name was Lonreghan. He was 
educated at Carlow^ was ordained by Bishop CoUingridge, 
and employed for some time at Poole^ at Usk^ next at 
Wrexham m Denbighshire, then at Wdlington in Shrop- 
shire; after which he eludes mj research. 

MoiTLiK, PiVRRs, D.D. — ^This learned divine resided for 
eight years at Blandford, up to 1814, and had charge of a 
Bttle fibck. He then removed to Brigg, in oo. Lincoln } but 
after a short period retained to France, where he died in 
1822. 

MouTiER, JsAN Marc Bomain, was bom in the parish of 
Notre Dame du Havre on 25th February, 1767. He was 
educated in the University of Caen, and ordained priest at 
Paris by Dominic de la Bochefoucault, cardinal priest of the 
holy Bonian Church, archbishop of Bouen, on Saturday, 
18th June, 1791; emigrated to England 6th September, 
1792; for some time resided in Berkshire, but in 1797 
settled at Bristol, where, during twenty-six years, as a 
teacher of the French language, he acquired universal esteem 
and respect by his attention to his professional duties and 
most exemplary conduct. Having realized a competent 
fortune, he was induced to accept the easy situation of chap- 
lain to the Chichester family at Calverleigh, near Tiverton, 
where he arrived on 5th August, 1823. Here he endeared 
fiimself to every one by his obliging and cheerful disposition, 
and by his tender regard for the sick and the poor. It 
pleased Almighty God to visit him with a long and afflicting 
malady, which terminated with his death on 15th Aprils 
1833, at Exeter. His mortal remains were deposited, with 
due respect, in a vault behind St. Nicholas's Chapel, on the 
18th, and the following epitaph may be seen on the tablet 
over his tomb : — » 

* 

H. S. £. 

fieverendizs Dei Sacerdos, 

Pletalis et Beneficentiie Exemplsr, 

JoanneB Bfaanous Romanus MouUer, 

la Urbe Fortus-GratifB oriundusy 

Morbo gravi consumptus est Exoniee 

xvii Kal. Maiiy A.D. mdcccxxxiii, 

Cum sex ei sexaginta annos oomplesset. 

Ave^ animA oandkiissima, 

, Et viv« in Deo, memor taOiftinu 

I may now proceed to give an analysis of all the docu- 



BIOOBAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBBOY. 

ments relating to his noble foundation of the Tiverton 
mission. To me it is now a most painful task to reh&te the 
gross misapplication of the funds^ which he had generously 
devoted to the foundation of this Tiverton mission. The 
reader will carefully bear in mind that his disposition of his 
property for the purpose had been legalized full eight months 
before his death by the passing of O'Connell's Bill. Alas I 
how well I remember the good man's dwelling on the 
pleasing prospect of religion in Tiverton, and the comfortable 
provision he had secured for its incumbent I 

On my communicating to Bishop Baines the intentions of 
my lamented friend, his lordship, on 8th December, 1881, 
wrote to me as follows : ''The good abbe's intention respect- 
ing the foundation of a mission at Tiverton is most welcome. 
I pray that &od may bless the author of this good work 
both here and hereafter. Such acts of munificent charity are 
rare in these days." Again^ on 8th April, 1838, the bishop 
addresses me thus : " Make the poor snfierer, Mr. Moutier^ 
understand how much I feel obliged to him for the Christian, 
charitable, and benevolent disposition he has made of his 
property; and assure him that his intentions and wishes 
shall be scrupulously attended to." On 25th May, 1833, the 
same bishop writes : " Mr. English, my solicitor, received, a 
week ago, the probate of Mr. Moutier's will" (the testator 
had died on 15th April that year). On Ist October, 1833: 
'' I shall be happy to co*operate, to the best of my power, in 
establishing the mission of Tiverton according to the wishes 
of the worthy Mr. Moutier." In answer to the remon* 
strances and complaints of some members of the Chichester 
family at the unaccountable delay in commencing operations, 
his lordship repeated the assurance, that ''Mr. Moutier's 
wishes should be strictly adhered to." Even Dr. Brindle, in 
his letter to me of 1st March, 1841, concludes thus : " You 
need not, I assure you, have any fear that Dr. Baines will 
not scrupulously fulfil the intentions of the good abb£, who 
has done so much for the Tiverton mission." On 9th June, 
1841, his lordship assured the head of the Chichester fiunily 
of Calverleigh, "I will fulfil Mr. Moutier's intentions of 
applying his money to Tiverton. It would be a crying injus- 
tice to apply elsewhere the funds which had been left for 
Tiverton ahne. However others might misapply money left 
for particular purposes, I shall act up to the intentions of the 
donor." Out of an immense mass of letters, which are in 
safe custody, his lordship's grand vicar coolly wrote, on 26th 
February, 1841 : " Who questions that Mr. Moutier's pro* 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLfiRGY. 361 

periy is to be employed in any way bnt thai which he 
frequently and openly spoke of? '^ 

It is but truth to say that the iitegularity and uncertainty 
of even a small proportion of the income due to the poor 
incumbent^ injured the credit of Prior-park^ and shook the 
confidence of charitably-disposed persons. And when I 
review the crying injustice exercised towards the victimised 
clergymen of such a noble foundation^ I am tempted to agree 
with an eminent prelate^ well acquainted with the merits of 
the case : " Hereafter, good people wishing to endow 
churches, missions, &c., will be inclined to employ none but 
lay trustees, who will not surrender their trusts for the 
prayers, commands, or threats of any ecclesiastical autho* 
rities." 

MovTABDiER, Lewis Benjamin, S.J., bom at L^Aigle, in 
Normandy, 22nd November, 1786; educated principally at 
Stonyhurst ; was admitted into the novitiate on 20th June, 
1810; ordained priest 4th September, 1813 ; and during the 
long period of nearly thirty-seven years, viz., fix)m 19th July, 
1817, until May, 1854, had charge of the Lullworth congre- 
gation, and displayed the uniform example of enlightened 
zeal, cheerful piety, and sound discretion. No Jesuit could 
be more deeply impressed with the spirit of his holy founder, 
especially as regards poverty of spirit, and implicit obedience. 
He is now at Stonyhurst. 

MuNDTN, John, bom at Maperton, Dorset ; educated at 
Oxford ; was admitted a fellow of New College in 1562 ; but 
refusing to conform to the established religion, was ejected 
by Dr. Robert Home, bishop of Winchester, at his visitation 
of that college (which had been founded by the immortal 
William Wykeham). After some years he went abroad, and 
in 1 580 applied himself to the study of divinity at Bheims, but 
certainly did not take orders there. This is manifest firom 
Dr. Allen's letter, bearing date, '' Bheims, 11th August, 
1581,'^ to F. Alphonsus Aggrati, S.J., rector of the English 
College at Rome, in which he writes that '' John Mundesm, 
who will deliver this dispatch, has left with us ' 20 aureos,' 
that the amount may be paid him in scudi on his arrival at 
Rome. I earnestly recommend him to your patemity^s 
attentions and favour. He was never an alumnus of this 
college, though he was a convictor for some time at his own 
charges. Truly he is a good and honest Catholic, and goes 
to your city chiefly for devotion's sake. He is not unfit for 
the priesthood ; nevertheless, he has not hitherto been a 



BIOGRAPHICAL lltT OP VRB CLBBOT. 

postulant for it; nor have ve ur^ed it mndi^ becanse he did 
not live at the college expense. But if he should now express 
a wish, and for that purpose should require £8 or £12 addi- 
tional, I will be answerable for the repayment* In the 
direction of such extraordinary men there always must be 
some trouble : but you are known to be English in heart and 
affection, &;c. Farewell in Christ Jesus, 

«G. AtANUS." 

In the following year he became a candidate for the priest- 
hood, and was ordained in the Eternal City. He hastened 
back to his own country to exercise his apostolic functions, 
but soon fell into the hands of his enemies. At the end of 
February, 1583, he was apprehended on Hounslow Heath. — 
(See Bishop Challoner's Memoirs.) Bishton adds that he 
was brought into the Tower, and put into irons for twenty 
days. Within a twelvemonth, tiz. 12th February, 1584, he 
was dragged to be butchered at Tyburn. The night before 
his martyrdom he addressed the following note to his cousin^ 
at Kheims, which we copy from the original : — 

'' Cosyn Ducke, I am now warned to prepare against to 
morrow to go to dye, and yet I hope in Jesus Christ to live 
too for ever ; and having almost forgotten you and others my 
freinds, was like to have passed you in silence ; but I pray 
Jrou make my humble commendations first and especially to 
my good Mrs. and my onely patron Mr. Hyde ; secondly, to 
that good Dr; Farar, the sweetest man in Christiendom to live 
withal ; thirdly, and so lastly, to Mr. President, Mr. Bayly, 
Mr. Bainold8,*and all other my good freinds, desiring them 
all most hartely to pray for me ; and if ever I dyd ever offend 
any of them, that they will forgive me : so I committ you to 
God, desiring that we may have together a joyful resurrec- 
tion, with my hearty commendations biddinge you farewcdl 
for ever in this worlde. Your loving firynd and Cosyn, 

" John Mundtn." 

MuTTLEBURY, Geobgb (Pjacio), O.S.B., bom in Somer« 
setshire : whilst a priest on the mission came to Bieulwart 
to petition for the habit of a monk ; here, says F, Weldon^ 
his pleasing qualities rendered him highly grateful to aU his 
brethren of that house, amongst whom he happily ended hia 
life in a good old age, 6th July, 1632. 



JBIOO&APHICAL LIST OF THE CLBROT. 868 



N. 

Naylor, Placid, O.S.B.— This good monk served the 
Bath mission nearly twenty years, from 1757 to 1776. H^ 
ended his days at Paris in January, 1794. 

Neale, Thomas, bom at Yeate, co. Gloucester; educated 
at Winchester School; elected a scholar of New College, 
Oxford, in 1538, and two years later a perpetual fellow, la 
1546 he was promoted to holy orders, and as Wood relates in 
his Athena: Oxon., was accounted ^' an able theologian, and 
admirably well-skilled in the Greek and Hebrew languages.'' 
Br. Bonner chose him to be one of his chaplains; and in the 
reign of Queen Mary he was in high favour. In the reigu 
of her successor he retired, after some time, to the village of 
Cassington, about four miles from Oxford, where he seems to 
have been buried. In 1690, set. seventy-one, he composed his 
epitaph in Latin, wherein, after alluding to his empty fame of 
a linguist, he thus appeals to his pupUs for their charitable 
prayers. 

<* Voe eigo Thomee Nell qnoB Lingua juvabat, 
£liiigiiem, linguA (qncso) juvate pi&.'' 

. He is thought to be the original reporter of the story of 
Pr. Matthew Parker's consecration at the Nag's Head, 
Cheapside, London. 

Needhah, Charles. — I think was the third son of John 
Needham, Esq., of Hilston, co. Monmouth, by his wife 
Elizabeth Rowe of Leighland, received his education at 
Douay College, and was justly esteemed and admired for 
his courtier-like manners and polite scholarship. On 19th 
becember, 1745, he became the incumbent at Tor Abbey, and 
for upwards of forty years continued his valuable services to 
the Cary family and his little flock. At Michaelmas he 
retired ^om ministerial duty to make room for his friend,, 
the Rev. John Halford, already mentioned; but took up his 
residence for the ten successive years, in the adjoining village 
of Tor Mohun. At length, on 22nd February, 1798, he 
bade adieu to a spot where he had witnessed fifty-two 
i^evolving suns, and settled himself in London, where he 
departed in peace on 10th September, 1802, at the advanced 
age of eighty-eight. 

Nblsok, alias Newton, James, S.J., bom in London 10th 
June, 1736; at the age ol eighteen joined the Society. In 
declining age his patienee was perfected by increasing in- 
firmities; but he re&dned what asttstanee he oojM to his- 



864 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

friend^ F. Robert Plowden^ the laborious missionarj at 
Bristol, at whose house he finished his course on 2nd April, 
1803. 

Neve, Frederick Robert, born at Eton, Bucks, 28th 
August, 1806. His father was the Bev. Frederick Hervey 
Neve. Educated at Eton College, and at Oriel College, 
Oxford, he proceeded A.M. in 1828, and for twelve years 
was rector of Poole Keynes, Wilts, before his reconciliation to 
the Catholic Church in October, 1845. After passing a 
twelvemonth at Prior-park, he repaired to the English Col- 
lege at Rome in October, 1846, where he continued until 
May, 1848, having been admitted to priesthood by the 
Cardinal Vicar on the 18th March of the last-mentioned 
year. Since his return to England he has been attached to 
the Church of the Twelve Apostles at Clifton. 

Newport, Maurice, S.J., a native of Somersetshire; 
joined the Society at the age of twenty-four, and was ad- 
mitted amongst the professed fathers on 28rd November, 
1643. For many years he taught humanities at St. Omer's, 
and for a considerable period was employed in the English 
mission. After spending half a century in his order, he died 
in London on 4th December, 1687, set. seventy-six. Dodd, 
in his " Church History," vol. iii. p. 819, merely says, 
" I take it, he was a member of the Society of Jesus." In 
1665 this classic father presented his ''Votum Candidum, sea 
Poema congratulatorium " to his Majesty King Charles II. 
A second edition appeared in 1669, and a third in London 
in 1676, containing 368 pages, revised by the author. 
At the end is a poem, dedicated to James, Duke of 
York, and his Duchess, Manr d'Este, on the birth of their 
infant son, Charles, Duke of Cambridge. Was he not the 
author of *' A Golden Censer full with the pretious Incense 
of the Praiers of Saints.'' Paris, 1654, pp. 142, dedicated 
''To the High and Mighty Princesse, Henrietta Maria^ 
Daughter of England?" 

Newsham, James. — I am informed that this venerable 
priest of Douay College resided for a time at Spetisbury. 
He departed to our Lord, at Hammersmith, on 11th June, 
1825j aged eighty-four years. 

NiHELL, Edward, S. J., bom in Antigua 18th January, 1752; 
in the seventeenth year of his age embraced the pious 
Institute of Jesus. At the expulsion of his English brethren 
from their college at Bruges, he was one of the masters ; and 
subsequently at Liege filled the same employment. There 



BI001U7HICAL LIST OP THE CLBROY. 865 

he was ordained priest, and said his first Mass 6th June, 
1776. Twelve years later he succeeded F. Charles Forrester^ 
as the pastor of the Wardour congregation. After dis- 
charging his ministerial duties, during fourteen years, in a 
manner that endeared him to the Arundell family and his 
increasing flock, he quitted for Trinidad, where he fell a 
victim of charity in attending the poor negroes, on 4th 
November, 1806. He was a man of great merit, esteemed 
for sound sense and an amiable temper — full of kindness and 
goodness. 

NoRMAND, Nicholas, of the diocese of Rouen, bom 1st 
January, 1760; after the emigration he supplied in several 
places in the Midland district ; for a short time resided at 
Tor Abbey, then fixed himself at Spetisbury ; but finally at 
Stapehill, where he died 14th January, 1842. 

NoBRiNOTON, Henrt, bom at Plymouth 29th April, 1809; 
whilst quaUfying himself for the chemical profession, he was 
reconciled to the Catholic Church, in June, 1826, by that 
worthy pastor of Plymouth, Dr. Costello. Wishing to become 
a minister of salvation to others, he obtained matriculation in 
the English College at Lisbon, where he was ordained deacon 
29th March, 1835, and priest on 13th March, 1836, by the 
bishop of Angra, coadjutor to the patriarch of Lisbon. For 
the benefit of his health he travelled much, especially through 
Palestine, Syria, and Arabia, and, as he told me, had made a 
large collection of materials towards printing the account of 
his tour, as also a new version of the Psalms from the Hebrew 
text ; but which, increasing and painful weakness of sight 
prevented him from accomplishing. Axminster was the only 
mission that partook of his ministerial services. There he 
arrived on 27th October, 1837, and at Terrace Lodge, the 
seat of Henry Knight, Esq., who always treated him as one 
of the family, he closed a suffering Ufe, by a most edify- 
ing death, on 8th December, 1848. At his own desire he 
was buried on the north-west side of the cemetery of SS. 
Michael and George, Lyme Regis, where I copied the follow- 
ing inscription on the edge of the co£5n-shaped-slab, adorned 
with a cross fleury, chalice, and book, which covers his 
grave. 

Hlc jaoet Henricus Norringion, Presbyter CapellsB S. Marieo 
Apud Axeminster, qui 
Obiit Yiii Dec. A.D. mdcccxlviii. ^tatis suae anno xl. 
Jesu Domine miserere. 

NoRRis, Richard, S.J., of Lancashire. — He entered the 
English College in 1677, and probably joined the Society in 



808 BIOQ&AraiCAL tIBT OP fllK CMBOT. 

that eity. He was stationed, in the reign of James II«, at 
Exeter, where ''a Mass-house was opened/' as I find in 
Calamy's '' History of Puritan Ministers." This excite the 
bile of the fanatical party, and especially of that eccentric 
and sour bigot, George Trosse, who, dying on 11th January, 
1718, set. eighty-two, was buried in St. Bartholomew's yard 
under an altar-tomb, with an epitaph composed by him- 
self:— 

Hicjacet 

Peccatorom maximuB, 

Sanctorum minimas, 

ConcionatonxTii indigniflsimas, 

Qui hole maligno valedixitmondo. 

But so complete was the demolition of this chapel at the 
arrival of William, Prince of Orange, in November, 1688^ 
that I have never been able to satisfy myself where it 
actually stood. During the hurricane of this Revolution, 
F. Norris judged it advisable to give wav to wrath, and to 
attempt his escape firom the city. But he fell in with the 
sentinels, one of whom levelled a blow at him with a battle- 
axe, the force of which was averted by a comrade, and the 
£ather luckily got off. That night he passed in a hovel on 
the bare ground. Ascertaining the next day that he was 
diligently searched for, that a reward was offered for his 
apprehension, and that the very man who had prevented the 
intended fatal blow from having effisct had engaged to 
discover him, wherever he should be, he decided on taking 
some other direction. For two days he lay concealed in a 
damp and uncomfortable room, exposed to wind and weather 
in that inclement season. Understanding that the troops 
had quitted Exeter (the Prince of Orange had reached this 
city on 9th and left it on 20th November), he determined, 
say the Annual Letters, to return ''ad Catholicos infir- 
mandos;'' he was then distant sixteen miles, and he made 
the ioumey during the night amidst torrents of rain, 
dreaiunl roads, and almost bi^foot. On his arrival he found 
the papulation in a more excited state than before; some 
one had threatened to put the mayor (Sir Thomas Jefford, 
Knight) to trouble for not having arrested the father before; 
now all the houses of the Catholics were diligently search^ 
for him, and a reward of '' 200 aureorum '' was offered for 
his apprehension. Convinced that he must be discovered if 
he remained, he left the city in the dead of night, and under 
the protection of Heaven, though the roads were watched 
for thirteen miles of his journey by armed patrols, he 
experienced no molestation. After a delay of six months^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THH CLSHaY: SffT 

he again ventured on a visit to his afflicted flock ; his resi- 
dence was searched^ and he had but time to escape along the 
roof to an adjoining house. On . one occasion, he was 
actually in the hands of some soldiers, who were sent to 
apprehend him; yet, by the favour of Providence, he 
succeeded in giving them the slip. 

In 1701 and 1704 I meet with this good father as the 
superior of his brethren in Devon and Cornwall. He died 
21st June, 1717. 

NoRRis, Sylvester, S. J., of Somersetshire. — He had been 
created D.D. at Rome before the date of his admission into 
the Society of Jesus. His learned works, — " The Antidote, 
or Treatise of Thirty Controversies agaitist Sectaries,'* 4to. 
St. Omer's, 1618, pp. 322, with its Second Part, 1619, 
pp. 247; ''The Appendix to the Antidote,'* 4to. London, 
1621, pp. 107; "The Pseudo-Scripturist," 4to. 1623,— must 
ever rank him amongst the ablest of our polemical writers. 
After serving the mission with great zeal and ability, he died 
in England, 16th March, 1630, aged fifly-nine. 



O. 

0*DoNNBLL, Nicholas, O.S.A. — Bom at Cahir 17th 
December, 1802; joined the Augustinian Order at the age 
of twenty, and was ordained priest at St. John Lateran, 
Rome, in September, 1825. For a long time he served the 
mission and taught philosophy at New York. 

The reader should know that Bishop UUathorne, the suc- 
cessor of Bishop Baggs in the Western District, consecrated 
21st June, 1846, was most anxious to establish an Augusti- 
nian mission at Bristol, and applied to the General of the 
order, the Very Rev. Dr. Joseph Palermo, for the purpose. The 
Gten^ral accordingly sent Father Nicholas O'Donnell, above 
mentioned, in February, 1848, with the fuU intention of 
providing him shortly with another member of the order. 
But owing to the revolutionary times at Rome, the assistant's 
arrival was delayed. In the mean time F. O'Donnell was 
placed by the bishop at Pennywell, on the Stapleton-road. 
There this zealous and experienced religious man erected the 
Church of St. Nicholas de Tolentino, which was opened for 
public worship on 21st December, 1850. There was now a 
prospect of a rich harvest of souls, and when tranquillity 
was restored at Borne, the Greneral wrote, on 4th July, 1852, 
to the ze^Jous pastor, that he had sent him an efficient, 
aasistant in the person of the Rev. Brother Thomas Crowther. 



368 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OP THE CLBROT. 

The General's letter was duly notified to the neir bishop of 
Clifton, Dr. Burgess, as also the arrival of the Rev. Thomas 
Crowther, on 26th July. His lordship's grand vicar replied 
on the following day, that the bishop had other views as to 
that mission ; but would give them both employment else* 
where. F. (yDonnell sent a reply three days later, a chef" 
dPoBuvre of the kind, in which he modestly states the con- 
scientious perplexity of reconciling with his vow of obedience 
the abandonment of a post assigned to him by his Oeneral, 
until he received his orders, to whom he would forward the 
correspondence without delay. On 2nd August F. (yDonnell 
had to make an excursion for a few days, leaving his assistant 
at the chapel-house. During his absence the grand vicar 
called, charged the assistant not to obey his superior, who on 
his return on Saturday, 7th of August, was served with the 
bishop's command to surrender the premises and the care of 
the mission to the Rev. William Cullinan, under pain of 
suspension. Of course, he submitted, under protest, and was 
summoned at once by the General to appear before the 
Congregation of the IVopaganda. Leaving England on 8th 
September, he reached Rome on the 22nd. 

Oleron, Marc Laurence Thomas, D.D., bom in the 
diocese of Rennes 23rd March, 1807. — ^This amiable French 
priest came over to Trelawny on 27th August, 1835, and 
whilst zealously serving that place, was appointed vicar- 
general of Cornwall, by Bishop Ullathome in September, 
1846. On the Rev. Henry Riley's resignation of Plymouth 
in March, 1848, he was removed to that important mission, 
where he laboured with distinguished merit until &th June, 
1850. His services were next required at Lanheme Convent, 
and there he remained from Ist July, 1850, until 13th 
October, 1851, when he was ordered to Plymouth again by 
the newly-inducted bishop, the Right Rev. Dr. Errington. 
After a short residence with his lordship, and a visit to 
France, he accepted the invitation of Dr. Wareing, the new 
bishop of Northampton, to teach divinity in his seminary. 
On 24th June, 1852, he was created canon and theologian of 
that new chapter, and on 25th March, 1855, was awarded 
the degree of D.D. 

Oliver, George, D.D., bom in Newington, Surrey, 9th 
February, 1781 ; was educated at Sedgley-park and Stony- 
hurst, where he taught humanities for five years, and was 
promoted to holy orders at Durham by Dr. Gibson, bishop 
of Acanthus, in the Ember- week of Pentecost, 1806. He was 
appointed to the Exeter mission in October, 1807, and filled 



BIOOBAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBBOT. 869 

it^ however unworthily, for forty-four consecutive years. On 
30th March, 1843^ he was elected an honorary member 
of the Historical Society of Boston ; and also, without bis 
knowledge, made D.D. by his Holiness Pope Gregory XVI. 
on 15th September, 1844. He can truly say, that his only 
ambition is, that his name may be written in the book of 
life. " Quod faxit Deus \" 

O'MsARA, William Alotbius, O.S.P. — ^This Irish Fran- 
ciscan served the office of provincial of his brethren from 
1822 to 1825 ; reached Cannington mission in the summer 
of 1826 ; then served Tawstock from November, 1829, to July, 
1831, when he returned to Cannington, and accompanied the 
community of Benedictines to Mount Pavilion, in Stafford- 
shire, and continued his services to them for several years. 

O^HADDEUS, Meallt, bom at Limerick 24th March, 
1797; promoted to holy orders in his native city. He is 
connected with the West of England by having accepted the 
charge of the faithful at Falmouth in August, 1822, but he 
had to resign it in a twelvemonth, when he started for Phila- 
delphia to serve the American mission. He reached that 
city in October, 1823, but its bishop declined his services. 
Returning to Ireland he was at length appointed one of the 
chaplains to the Metropolitan Church in Dublin, and ob- 
tained imenviable notoriety by his harangues at the general 
association in December, 1836. Malta soon after witnessed 
his eccentricity of character. Quitting that island he came 
to England, and I shall never forget his unbecoming letter 
published in London, dated 27th March, 1840, and addressed 
to bis grace, John McHale, archbishop of Tuam. The last I 
heard of him was, that he became editor of " The Christian 
Social Economist,'' in Dublin, on 22nd November, 1851. 



Padburt, Joseph. — ^This exemplary London priest was 
lent to Bishop Errington for the benefit of the faithful at 
Bridjiort, but has recently been charged with assisting the 
congregation of Poplar. 

Paillet (Bernakd), Edward, O.S.B., bom in Bath 6th 
March, 1810 ; professed at Downside 24th June, 1834 ; was 
ordained priest at Prior-park by Bishop Baines, 23rd Feb- 
ruary, 1839 ; left Downside in November, 1840, for Chelten- 
ham; but after a few months was transferred to Chipping 
Sodbury, and thence to Acton Bnmell, where he was visited 
with a violent brain fever, which terminated in his total 

2 B 



870 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLERGY. 

blindness. In May^ 184!2> he returned as a conventual to 
Downside^ and after some time was placed as an assistant 
to the missionary at Whitehaven^ where he makes himself 
most useful as a director, a catechist, &c. 

Paine, John. — For special particulars of this illustrious 
sufiFerer for the Catholic faith, see Part First, Chapter I., p. 8 ; 
as also Dr. Challoner's Memoirs. It is sufficient to say 
here that he went to his glorious crown on 2nd Aprils 
1682. 

Panting, John, S.J. — This considerate benefactor of the 
missions of Bristol, Exeter, and Shepton Mallett, was bom 
26th November, 1732; entered the Society 7th September, 
1749; was ordained priest at Liege 17th April, 1757; and 
was justly reputed a polite scholar, an excellent critic, and 
an accomplished gentleman. For. many years he was the 
respected incumbent at Bonham, and there his pious career 
was terminated by a happy death on 80th May, 1783. Before 
he came to the mission, he was director to the English nuns 
at Gravelines, and published a translation of Pere d'Orlean's 
"Life of St. Aloysius,'' St. Omer, 1761. His MS. Lives of 
St. Mary de Pazzis, pp. 403, and of St. Jane of Chantal, 
pp. 152, were afterwards in the possession of Mary Christina, 
the dowager Lady Arundell, and at her death, 20th June, 
1813, cam6 to her daughter. Lady Clifford, at Ugbrooke, 
where I have seen them. 

Palemon, Pere, veri Rousselin Nicholas, was bom at 
St. Male's in 1771 ; began his noviceship in St. Susan's 
monastery of La Trappe, LuUworth, with Dom Antoine 
Saulnier, of whom more hereafter. This saintly religious, 
from 1810 till 1817, was in the habit of going weekly from 
his monastery to Stapehill to hear the confessions of the 
Trappist nuns there, and on the departure of his brethren 
for France in July, 1817, became permanently established 
in their service. With them the venerable man concluded 
his innocent life on 19th May, 1851 ; sac. fifty-four, prof, 
fifty-six, rot. eighty-two. A very respectable gentleman, a 
convert, in a letter dated 24th May, writes thus : '' The dear 
old Pere Palemon departed this life on Monday morning last, 
at seven o'clock — ^a glorious change for one who in this world 
has followed our blessed Redeemer with humble submission 
to the crosses of this life to a bright and immortal change. 
His memory will ever be cherished in my bosom with affec- 
tion. Considering his age, and the race he has run, I feel 
rather disposed to say qtdescU in pace than requiescat in 
pace. Would that my end would be like to his when death 
shall summon mc to the tomb \" 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OP THE CLBROY. 871 

The remains of this good father are deposited in the con- 
yentnal cemetery of Spetisbory. 

Palmer (Bernard) John. — ^The history of this Cistercian 
abbot reminds ns of God's providence described in Chap- 
ter X.J as conducting his servants in a wonderful way^ — '^ in 
vi& mirabili." 

The subject of this memoir was bom at Charmouth, in 
Dorsetshire^ on 15th October^ 1782^ and^ as I learn from its 
parish register^ was baptized in the church there on 11th" 
November that year. His parents^ William and Ann Palmer, 
gave him the best education their slender circumstances would 
admits and trained him carefully as a Protestant of the Church 
of England. In his letter to me of 23rd August^ 1849^ he 
says : " You may judge of my devotion to it, when I tell 
you that I burnt the pope for three or four years together 
with great zeal.'' Losing his father, he went to London to 
see his brother James, and to secure, if possible, the situation 
of a servant in a family. Here curiosity led him into War- 
wick Street Chapel. He was much taken with the service. 
To understand things better, he purchased of Mr. Booker, 
the worthy Catholic publisher, a " Garden of the Soul,'* and 
told that gentleman how much he wished to get a valet's place. 
In the mean while he had addressed himself to the Rev. William 
Wilds, of Warwick Street Chapel, and was gratified beyond 
measure by the aflFability with which he was received by this 
first priest he had ever accosted. Whilst under this reverend 
gentleman's instructions, the late Thomas Weld, of Lullworth 
Castle, Esq., applied to Mr. Booker if he knew of any proper 
young man to fill the office of valet. Mr. Booker at once 
recommended John Palmer, who was approved of, went to 
Lullworth, and was soon ftJly admitted into the bosom of 
the Catholic Church by the chaplain, the Rev. Leonard 
Brooke. The edifying regularity and piety of the Weld 
family, and the fervent examples of the Cistercian monks of 
the adjoining monastery, excited in his breast an earnest 
desire of imitation : his sole ambition, however, was to be 
admitted as a lay-brother ; but Bishop Collingridge, with the 
consent of the Superior, ruled that he should be a choir- 
religious ; and at length he made his solemn profession on 
2l8t November, 1810. Within seven years after this he was 
doomed with his brethren to emigrate from their monastery 
to Pranee, as related in the first part of this compilation, 
and also to suffer expulsion from Melleray Abbey in 1830. 
After some years' residence at Nantes, he was invited over to 
the infant establishment in Chamwood Forest, now St. Ber- 
nard's Abbey, near Loughborough, co. Leicester* Hitherto 

2 B 2 



372 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

humility had kept him in minor orders only ; but now ike 
was commanded to prepare for priesthood^ and was ordained 
by Bishop Walsh on Slst July, 1838, celebrating his first 
Mass on the ensuing feast of the Assumption of Our Lady. 
His experience of a religious life, and his talents for business, 
pointed him out as the fittest person to fill the office of Prior 
in 1841 ; and when the monastery was erected into an abbey. 
Father Bernard was unanimously elected its first abbot. 
Pope Pius IX. confirmed the election, and on Quinquagesima 
Sunday, 18th February, 1848, Bishop Ullathorne, assisted by 
Bishop Wareing, two abbots from France, and one from Ire- 
land, consecrated him to that dignity. 

I had hoped this friendly abbot would have been spared 
many years to religion, when I received a letter from one of 
his subjects, F. Robert Henry Smith, that he had expired, at 
nine a.m., on 10th Novembcn*, 1852 : " We had just finished 
a solemn requiem Mass for the members of our Order de- 
parted during the past year, when we were summoned to his 
room. He was then evidently dying, and we had scarcely 
time to administer extreme unction before he breathed his 
last, and fell, as it were, into a gentle sleep. We buried him 
on Saturday last (13th) in our Chapter-room, vested in alb, 
chasuble, mitre, and crosier, in a small brick vault, without 
coffin. The Bev. Mr. Furlong preached on the occasion a 
very impressive sermon. Our beloved and respected abbot 
appeared in a gentle sleep, even to the moment we lowered 
him into his grave.'' John Hardman, Esq., has placed over 
the remains of the venerable abbot a tasteful monumental 
brass.* 

Parfitt, Charles, was bom of Protestant parents at 
Bruton, co. Somerset, 10th September, 1816, and received 
his early education in the Free Grammar School of Bruton, 
which had been originally founded by Catholics in 1520, and 
refounded by King Edward VI., by charter, dated 1st May, 
1550. He left this school at the age of eighteen, and two 
years later, on his birthday, was reconciled to the Catholic 
Church at Prior-park by Bishop Baiues. On quitting Prior- 
park 19th October, 1838, he proceeded to the English College 
at Rome ; and whilst there was promoted to subdeaoonship 
by Bishop Wiseman on 9th June, 1840, and to deaconship 
by Monsignore Piatto, patriarch of Constantinople, on 6th 
December the same year. In consequence of the departure 
of the Boeminians from Prior-park, Bishop Baines summoned 
Mr. Parfitt over; he bade adieu to the eternal dty on 
28th November, 1842; was ordained priest by Bidiop Baines 

* A brief, bnt interesting sketch of his life, is prefixed to the ** Metto- 
.poittaQ and Provincial Catholic Almanac for 1865.*' 



BIOOBAFHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBOT. 373 

on 29th of the following month, a few days after his re- 
turn, and was appointed professor of classics and prefect of 
St. PanVs College, and so continued until the death of Bishop 
Baines. On the arrival of his lordship' successor, Dr. Baggs, 
this able professor was named president of St. Peter's, and 
Pope Gregory XVI. promoted him to the rank of one of his 
Camerieri d'onore. He retired firom Prior-paik in Septem- 
ber, 1846, to become the first resident missionary at Midford 
Castle, about three miles and a half from Bath, where he has 
an increasing congregation, and has established a poor- 
schooL At the formation of the Clifton Chapter, on 28th 
June, 1852, this enlightened clergyman was deservedly en- 
rolled amongst its canons. 

Parker, James, S. J., was bom at Liverpool 8rd April, 1747; 
entered the novitiate at the age of nineteen, and finished 
his studies at St. Alban's College, Valladolid. For many 
years he was chaplain to Barbara, Countess of Shaftesbury, 
at St. Oiles', Dorset. This Catholic peeress was sole daughter 
and heiress of Sir John Webb, of Oldstock and Canford, Bart. 
After his retirement from that situation he resided for a 
lengthened period at Bristol, and conciliated universal respect 
and esteem by his polished manners, and fi*ank and liberal 
conduct. Occasionally he would preach for his friend the 
Rev. Robert Plowden, the incumbent of St. Joseph's, and 
was greatly admired for his dignified and forcible style of 
pulpit eloquence. For some time before his death he settled 
at Liverpool, and got into a very nervous way. His Bene- 
dictine friend, F. Vincent Glover, understanding that he was 
unwell, waited upon him, and considering him to be in a 
precarious state, warned him of it; upon which F. Parker 
made his confession, received extreme unction, and died 
within five minutes later, 29th October, 1822. He was buried 
at Sefton with this original epitaph composed by himself. 

* 

Epitaphiam hoc 

Vivas yidensqiie scripsL 

Hie jaoeo 

Jacobus Parker, 

OUm Societatis Jesu Sacerdos, 

Postea Decreto hen nimium duro 

Ciementb XIV. Sammi Pontificis, 

E priore grada in deliciis habito 

Dejectus, 

MiarionariuB in Anglia Apostolica^ 

Annoe quinqnaginta, etc 

VixiT 

Obiit iEtatis Anno lxxv. 

Reparate vero Salutis, mpcccxxii. 

But an English one has replaced it. 



874 BIOGBAFHICAL LIST OF THX CLXaGT. 

Pabksb^ Richard, S.J., was bom at Preston 2drd July, 
1791, and, as I well remember, reached Stonyhurst College 
in October, 1804, where he was placed mider my tuition. 
He joined the society in 1810; was ordained priest in De- 
cember, 1819, and on 6th October following became the 
missionary of Wardour. Here his discreet seal, uniform 
piety, charity, and suavity of manners endeared him to 
all. After nearly twelve years' service, obedience summoned 
him away from Wardour to succeed F. Norris in the presi- 
dency of Stonyhurst College. It was a painful separation 
from his noble patrons, Lord and Lady ArundeU and his 
attached congregation; but there was no remedy. On 20th 
June, 1832, he entered upon his office of rector, and was 
enrolled among the professed fathers on the ensuing 2nd 
f^ebruary. For the last year of his life it pleased Ood to 
exercise the patience of his faithful servant by a complication 
of maladies which defied all medical skiU, and he sunk under 
them on 3rd September, 1836. 

Parker, Thomas, S.J. — After finishing his studies at Val- 
ladolid, was admitted into the society at the age of twenty- 
four. I find him serving the Cornish mission in 1771, but 
how long before or after I cannot ascertain. Thence he 
removed to Heath Green, in Beoley parish, co. Worcester, 
where he died 26th October, 1820, set. eighty-one. 

Parry, . — A convert, of 1745, who knew him 

at Exeter, remembered well that he paid occasional visits to 
the faithflil in this city in the years 1754-5-6, but could not 
inform me of his christian name or supply any other details. 

Pbarce, Thomas, S.J., sometimes called Percy, was a 
native of Devonshire, and came on the mission in 1641. 
After lengthened services he retired to the house of proba- 
tion at Ghent, to prepare himself for eternity, into which he 
entered on 25th January, 1685, »t. seventy-eight, soc. forty- 
seven. 

Pelletier, Jean Pierre, S.J. — ^This old French Jesuit 
was at Marnhull; he quitt^ for France in 1802, and died 
about the same time as the celebrated P^re Barruel, who is 
known to have departed this life on 5th October, 1820. 

Pembridoe, Michael, O.S.B. — I have treated of this 
saintly and learned regular in the first Part, p. 57. For 
about a quarter of a century Bath was edified and enlightened 
by his apostolic ministry ; dying there on 20th November, 
1806, he was interred on the 25th in St. Joseph's Chapel, 
Bristol. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBROT. 876 

Pbniston,* James, S. J., was bom at Salisbiury on 8rd 
March, 1809 ; went through his studies at Stonyhurst with 
distinguished credit; and was admitted into the society at 
Chierri 18th September, 1826. After teaching humanities at 
Stonyhurst, and again at Calcutta, he was promoted to the 
rank of a professed father on 25th March, 1847. When 
F. John Hearne was carried off by fever on 30th April, 1847, 
F. Feniston was sent to Wigan to succeed him at Wigan, 
but within two months was ordered to replace F. Connell.at 
Malta, where he arrived on 81st July the same year. His 
future progress will be seen below. He died 30th June, 1856, 
and the following extracts fully testify in what estimation he 
was held even by Protestants : — 

From the Bombay Examiner of July 9. 

" It is our painful duty to record the death of the Rev. J. 
Feniston, S.J., which took place at his residence at Upper 
Colaba, on Monday, the 30th June last, of typhus fever. 

" We regard this melancholy event as a calamity with which 
Almighty God often, in His mercy, visits His creatures oo 
earth. It is for the sake of those who have directly benefited 
by, and are now deprived of, his spiritual ministrations, that 
we feel his loss the more deeply. We sympathize with his 
lordship. Dr. Hartmann, for the loss of so worthy a member 
of lus clergy, and we sympathize with the whole Catholic 
body of this vicariat for the loss of one who was deservedly 
regarded as an ornament to his profession and to their common 
religion. 

'^ The late Father Feniston was an Englishman by birth. 
He was descended from a respectable and eminently Catholic 
family. His father was a civil engineer of good repute. 
His primary education Fr, Feniston received in his mother 
country. At the early age of seventeen he resolved upon 
embracing the monastic life; in 1826 or 1827 he made his 
profession in France, where he prosecuted his theological 
studies. From France he proceeded to Belgium, and thence 
to Bome, where he entered the Society of Jesus, of which he 
was a professed member. In Rome he resided for a number 
of years, where he acquired so perfect a knowledge of the 
Italian language that he often said he could converse and 

• His father was the surveyor of the county of Wilts, and the 
architect of the chapels of Spetisburv, Cannington, &c. He assisted at 
laying th« fonndation-istone of St. Osmund's, Salisbury, on 8th April, 
1847 ; but before it could be solemnly consecrated on 6th Septemoer, 
1848, it had pleased God to take him out of life 22nd June previous, 
cet. sixty-nine. He was interred within its walls on the 27th, and its bell 
Was first tolled at his funeral. 



876 BIOGSAPBICAL LIST OF THB CI.BBOT. 

preach in Italian with greater eaae and fluency than in bis 
own language* In the year 1842, we believe, he, in oom- 
pany with other memben of hia order, anrived at Calcuttai 
where the Society was entrusted with the education of the 
Catholic youth; but they had scarcely been in Calcutta 
many years when troubles b^gan to thicken around them, 
and they were obliged to quit it amidst the regret of the 
whole Catholic population of Calcutta. Father Peniston 
soon made himself a favourite with everybody at Calcutta^ 
and a proof of this is to be found in the fact that as soon as 
the dispute relating to the maladministration of the funds for 
the charitable schools at Mazagon arose, the Trustees at Cal- 
cutta immediately withdrew the funds from the hands of the 
former administrator, and placed them in those of Father 
Peniston without solicitation on his part. Father Peniston 
on leaving Calcutta did not accompany his brethren to 
Madura, their mission, but proceeded to Malta, where he 
was appointed one of the principals of the college, and had 
the spiritual charge of the Catholic soldiery. He remained 
at Malta until 1853, and was very much esteemed for the 
virtues which distinguished his public and private life. 
While there the Right Rev. Dr. Hartmann made him press- 
ing and earnest solicitations to join this mission, but he, 
though willing to avail himself of his lordship's invitation, 
was unable to obtain the permission of his provincial to leave 
his charge ; but having been met by Father Steins, then on 
his way to Bombay for the purpose of establishing a college 
for Catholics, Father Steins, recognizing in him qualities 
which eminently fitted him to be Us coadjutor in his future 
labours in the cause of education, succeeded in prevailing 
upon him to relinquish his post at Malta and to join this 
mission. He arrived in Bombay in November, 1858. That 
Father Peniston in the short space of three years acquired 
great popularity in Bombay amongst Catholics and Pro- 
testants is too well known to require allusion at our hands. 
His intellect was of a high order — ^he possessed great powers 
of argumentation and eloquence. His manner was bland 
and winning. In a word, he was one of those few men whom 
the world befriends at first sight. 

" His funeral, which took place at the Colaba Military 
Chapel, was one of the most numerously attended that we 
ever remember to have witnessed, notwithstanding that the 
evening was wet. Colonel Creagh, H.M.'s 86th, headed the 
procession and was followed by a number of officers. His 
mortal remains were interred in the body of the church, and his 
is the first grave that was dug in that church. Dr. Hartmann 



BIOGKAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLBROY. 377 

presided at the oeremonies, and Eather Stdns delivered the 
funeral oration. The whole of the party separated deeply 
sensible of the loss which the event has inflicted upon alL 
May he rest in peace/' 

In like manner the Bombay correspondent of the Tbnes 
writes: — 

" Here, too, there has been much sickness of late. One 
death that occurred lateljr from fever, that of Mr. Peniston, 
one of the Boman Catholic chaplains, has caused a deep and 
general feeling of regret. This gentleman was educated, I 
believe, in the Engluh College at Rome, and was for some 
years in the college at Malta before his coming to India. 
Here he was chaplain in a part of the island where there is 
always an English regiment stationed* the soldiers from 
whicui formed the greater part of his congregation. A man 
of retired habits, from position possibly, rather than from 
any natural bias, it was comparatively seldom that we 
enjoyed the grace of his presence, and the charm of his rare 
accomplishments. But no one, I think, ever knew him 
slightly without being won to him, or intimately without 
loving him. And how deep and tnie was the affection of 
those who knew him most intimately, those who were bound 
to him by the ties of the same belief, is to be in some measure 
understood hy such outward tokens of their grief as they have 
permitted to appear. To the Boman Catholic community, 
indeed, independent of the personal regard entertained for 
Mr. Peniston, I suppose the magnitude of the loss of such 
a man to be altogether incapable of exaggeration. Those 
who are acquainted with the condition of that Church and of 
its priests in Western India wiU, I think, agree with me in 
thus writing of a man who was at once a sincere and earnest 
minister, an accomplished gentleman and man of the world, 
fitted to be, as in £ACt he was, a bishop's right hand.'' 

Percy, Thomas, bom at Pimpem, Dorset. For some 
time, after receiving his education at Old Hall Green, he 
was employed in London; but finally was stationed at So- 
dington, where he died, it is said, in consequence of injuries 
from a fall off his horse on 23rd March, 1825, »t. thirty-six. 

Pbrsons, Bobekt, S.J. — In the Collectanea of the Scotch, 
English,: and Irish Jesuits, I have given an extended memoir 
of tbis champion of truth and Atlas of religion, of whom 
Dr. Allen pronounced that *'the industry, prudence, zeal, 
and dexterity of the man, both with his pen and in action, 
exceed all belief." That he had enemies, — ^that he may 



878 KIOO&APHICAL LIST OF THB CLEBOT. 

have committed errors^ — fhat he ma^ occasionally have 
exhibited too much ardour and viracityj — may still be 
admitted: — 

^ Nam vitiis nemo sine nascitur : optimns ille est^ 
Qui minimis urgetor." — Horace, Sat. lib. i. 3. 

Yet with the consciousness of pursuing what he deemed 
Inost pleasing to his God^ and beneficial to his neighbour, he 
might say^ with St. Augustine, '^ Intuentes salutiferam crucem 
Christi, omnes calumniantium superborum virus repellimus." 
— (Epist. 118.) 

Here I may briefly state, that Robert was the sixth of 
eleven children of Robert and Christiana Persons, of Nether 
Stowey, in Somersetshire; that after studying letters in his 
native village and at Stogursey, he was sent to the Grammar 
School at Taimton, then kept by a Catholic, but some years 
later elected for his religion. He was of exemplary life, but 
inflexibly severe to his pupils who could but would not learn. 
Young Robert loved play better than his lessons, and in 
consequence had to experience the severity of this Orhilius 
(Horace, Ep. lib. ii. 1) ; and as we learn from his brother 
Richard's letter, wrote to his parents, complaining '' of his 
master's cruelty, and of his unfitness of being a scholar, and 
of the great desire he had to give over his book." But they 
were inexorable, and finding no remedy, but in diligent 
application, ''he fell to his book very heartily, and became 
the best in the school, and so continued as long as he was 
there. And his master, that knew his good wit, when he 
was past his schools, wrote to my father, wishing to send 
him to Oxford, for that he would prove a rare man.'' This 
advice was adopted. At the age of eighteen this promising 
youth proceeded to St. Mary's Hall; two years' later he was 
entered at Balliol College, and in May, 1568, was made 
Bachelor of Arts, and eventually Master and Fellow of the 
College, As a tutor he maintained a distinguished reputa- 
tion ; but in the midst of this he was anything but happy ; 
for he was a Catholic in heart, and he determined, in the 
spring of 1574, to quit England, and to study medicine at 
Padua, where he arrived towards the end of September that 
year. Yet here his mind could not rest. He had on his 
way stopped at Louvain, and made a spiritual retreat of 
eight days imder his countryman, F. William Good ; and he 
believed that Almighty God called him to the Society of 
Jesus. After a long and severe conflict with himself, he 
withdrew secretly fi^m that noble school of medicine, and 
performed a journey on foot to Rome, where he entered the 



BIOOaAPBICAL LIST OF THB CLERGY. 870 

Society on 25th Jtdy, 1575. Three years after^ he was 
ordained priest^ and offered himself for the Indian mission^ 
bat his petition was denied ; and at the request of Dr. Allen^ 
the English mission was opened to the Society by Pope 
Gregory XIII.^ and FF. Persons and Campian received 
orders to prepare themselves for this glorious enterprise. 
F. Persons landed at Dover on 12th June^ 1580, and spent 
the summer in preaching in the midland counties; but 
Gloucestershire is particularly mentioned as having partaken 
of the benefit of his ministry. About August, 1581, circum- 
stances obliged him to cross the Channel, and proceed to 
Rouen, ^'with full intention to return presently;'' but he 
was never permitted to revisit his native country. And 
yet his presence was felt in his incessant labours to maintain 
the Catholic cause amongst us, — ^by multiplying seminaries 
of education abroad, and by his numerous and learned publi- 
cations for the enlightenment, improvement, and conversion 
of souls. When I consider his extensive correspondence, his 
long and frequent joumevs, the perpetual inroads on his 
time by visitors, and the duties of his office and ministry, I 
am utterly astonished at the number of his volumes, charac- 
terized by such mascuUne vigour, lucid order, and purity of 
diction, as to extort from Dean Swift (" Tatler,'' No. 230) 
this commendation: ^'The writings of this Jesuit are in a 
style that, with very few allowances, would not offend any 
present reader.'' 

In the words of Ecclesiasticus (chap. xlix. 17), this ''sup- 
port of his family, the ruler of his brethren, the stay of the 
people," worn out with labours, died the death of the 
righteous in the English College at Rome on 15th April, 
1610, aged sixty-four, Rel. thirty-six, a professed father 
of twenty-three years' standing. The eye of God looked 
upon him for good, lifted him up from his low estate, 
and exalted his head; many have wondered at him, and 
have glorified God. His remains were deposited near his 
venerable and dearest friend. Dr. Allen, in the College 
Church, and on the slab, which covered his honoured graven 
was inscribed the following epitaph : — 

D. 0. M. 

Patri Roberto Peisonio 

Anelo Someisetano 

^ietatis Jesu 

Sacerdoti Inteeerrimo atque doctiflsimo 

Et hujasoe Collegii optimo.Moderatori 

Qui ad animi cultum, et studium Pietatis 

Ad Angli» conversionem Collegioruin, 
DomicUliB ac Divenoriis per opportuna loca 



880 BIOGBAFHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBGT. 

Qaa per ilium ex integro consUtutu 

Qui oollocupletatLB 

Ab ipso. magDCB Spei convocarit^ magnis 

Labiorious institait, Juventntem, Hispali 

Vallisoleti, Gadibus, Ulissipone, Dnaci 

Audomari, Romeo. 

Quo Dace et Socioy Pater 

Edmnndas Campianusy 

CatholicfB ReipublicfiB 

Propugnator aoerrimtiBy 

In Angliam pnmuB ex Societate trajecit 

Qaoque Vindice 

Et Pairona VeTitatia, Hostium, pasnm exagitata 

Temeritas libriSy BcriptiSy sermombusque, Uteris : 

Exemplis defensa Keligio. recreata Sanctitaa : 

Cam inter hsc ipse nallam caperet partem 

Conoeesee qaietie. nallam a sao capite recasaret 

Discnmen honestisaimse Defensionis : 

Semper paratus, semper erectus, ^ 

Semper mediam flammam pericalosissimie 

Concertationis irrampens, animse magnes 

ProdigoB omnino yir 

LXiY explevit annos 

Ex qaeb sex et tnginta in Socitate Jesu^ 

Per omnia Virtatis 

Exempla transegit 

Obiit XT. Aprilis, mdcx. 

A complete and uniform edition of Father Persons's works 
is a great desideratum in English literature. 

Pbtchebine^ Wladimib^ O.S.B.^ bom at Kiou 13th June» 
1807; was educated in the Greek Church of the Bussian 
empire. After his conversion to the Catholic faith in Bel* 
gium^ he embraced the institute of St. Alphonsus de Idguori, 
and was professed 26th September, 1841 ; two years later he 
was promoted to priesthood. This eminent scholar and 
eloquent preacher is connected with the west by having suc^ 
ceeded F. Lempfnd at Falmouth in the summer of 1844, 
and lent the aid of his powerful talents to that mission until 
he removed to Clapham, 26th September, 1848. 

Philips (Maxjbus), Samuel Johnson, O.S.B., bom 20th 
February, 1795, at Bristol; joined his order in 1810, and 
was professed at Downside with the present Archbishop 
Folding and Bishop Morris, on 18th July, 1811. For many 

J ears he was stationed at Woolton, near Liverpool, where 
e died on 8rd April, 1856, sac. thirty-six. 

PicKFOBD, BoBEBT (Jebome), O.S.F., oue of the first 
members of the restored province, brother, I believe, of 
Edward and John Daniel. After discharging the duties of 
theologian, definitor, and provincial, this father of the pro- 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OP THE CLSaOT. 881 

vince died between the intermediate Congregation of 15th 
November^ 1663, and the Provincial Chapter of the 4th 
June, 1665 ; but the precise date of his death is unrecorded. 

PiCKPOBD, Thomas, S.J., a native of Cornwall, perhaps 
nephew to the preceding. At the age of twenty-three he 
joined the Society, and was admitted to the profession of the 
four vows on 21st December, 1642. He closed a long mis- 
sionary life through difiScult times by an edifying death on 
5th May, 1676, set. seventy. 

PiLCHA&D, Thomas. — In Part I., chapter IV., I have given 
a full report of this illustrious witness of the faith, to which 
I refer my readers. It may be sufficient, therefore, to state 
here, that he suffered for religion at Dorchester on 21st 
March, 1587. 

Platt, James, O.S.P., born at Liverpool 28th January, 
1802. From a convert he became a friar, and is connected 
with the west of England by having served both at Can- 
nington and Upton. 

Plait, Robert, bom in Aldgate parish, Oxford, 27th 
July, 1795, studied at Ampleforth, thence matriculated in 
the English College at Rome. In that city he was ordained 
subdeacon by Cardinal di Genga (afterwards Pope Leo XII.) 
on 21st December, 1822, and deacon on 20th May, 1823. 
His promotion to the priesthood took place by Cardinal 
Zurla on 13th March, 1824. On 1st October, 1824, he 
reached the Axminster mission, vice the Rev. Cornelius 
Magrath. At Christmas, 1826, he succeeded the Rev. Moses 
Furlong, at Lanheme. On 8th September, 1827, he was 
transferred to Falmouth, vice the Rev. Peter Gates. In 
January, 1831, he was appointed to Swansea. In January, 
1832, he was recalled to Falmouth, where he remained 
nearly eleven years and a half, when he was ordered to retire 
to make room for the Belgian Redemptorists, as mentioned 
in Part I., chapter III. The rumour of his removal from a 
place where his blameless life had won for him golden 
opinions from aU classes, excited the alarm of the burgesses, 
who remonstrated with Bishop Baines on the occasion, to 
whom his lordship returned the following answer (I should 
premise that the petition had been sign^ by the Baroness 
Basset, lady of -the manor of Falmouth, by the mayor, by 
the established clergy, and the respectability of the place and 
vicinity) : — 

''To the inhabitants of Falmouth and its vicinity, who 
mibscribed a petition on the 27th of February, 1843, praying 



883 BIOOKAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLEBOT. 

that the Rev. Bobert Piatt might not be remoyed firom the 
mission of Fahnouth. 

'' Yonr petition has remained so long unanswered^ becanse 
I was not certain^ till lately, that it would not be in my 
power to comply with your wishes, the arrangement I had 
made being liable to alteration by those to whom I had 
offered the chaise of the mission of Falmouth. AU doubt 
on this head is at last removed ; and I have now only to 
express, on the one hand, the satisfaction I feel that the 
conduct of the Bev. Bobert Piatt should have been such as 
to call for your flattering approbation ; and on the other, my 
regret that circumstances do not permit me to reverse an 
arrangement which was made without the intention of 
casting directly or indirectly the smallest reflection on 
Mr. Piatt, but purely from an anxiety on my part to benefit 
religion in that part of my jurisdiction. 

'^ I have the honour to remain, gentlemen, 

" Your obedient servant, 

" * Pet. Baines, V.A.W. 
" Prior-park, June 16/A, 1843.'' 

The bishop, on 5th June, had announced to Mr. Piatt the 
approaching arrival of these Belgian Fathers into England, 
adding, " You may rely on my unaltered anxiety to provide 
for your comfort and well-being, to the very best of my 
power.'' But his lordship unfortunately died on 6th July 
following, and the half-year's salary then due (1843) has not 
been paid him up to this day, 3l8t March, 1856 ! * 

During the vacancy of the See, he remained unappointed 
for a considerable time. At last the Vicar-General sent him 
to supply for some inonths at Chidiock. Since 1st January, 
1845, he has been chaplain at Follaton. On the formation 
of the Plymouth Chapter, he was selected for one of its 
canons. 

Plowden, Charles, S.J., born at Flowden Hall, Salop, 
1st May, 1743. For his life I must refer the read^ to the 
before-mentioned Collectanea of the English Jesuits, ftc. 
He is connected with the West by his very long residence at 
Lullworth Castle, as tutor to Mr. Weld's sons, and the 

* But, indeed, he had often experienced delavs and difficulUes in 
receiving his salary from Prior-park. Let the following note of the 
Vicar-General (of which I saw the original) speak for an exemplification^ 
after his waiting six weeks ! : — 

^ Prior-park» March, 1834 : — I shall have to deduct from yonr account 
thepagtapej which I shall direct Mr. Shattock to do I " 



BIOOKAPHICAL LIST OF THE CI.EBOT. 

valuable assistance he rendered to the pastor of that congre- 
gation. This polite gentleman was also a universal scholar. 
At the partial revival of the Society^ he was^ from his deep 
experience of the spiritual life^ appointed the first master of 
novices at Hodder Place 26th September^ 1808. Fourteen 
years later he was declared provincial of his brethren^ and 
rector of Stonyhurst ; but died suddenly at Jougn6 13th 
June^ 1821, on his return from Borne. 

PLovn)EN, Robert, S.J., elder brother of the preceding, 
born 27th January, 1740. In the Collectanea aforesaid I have 
written fully concerning hinai. He came into the Western 
District in September, 1777, and was stationed at Ardington, 
which he diligently served for full ten years. In October, 
1787, he was transferred to the much wider field of Bristol 
for his indefatigable exertions, as set forth in Part First, 
Chapter XII. of this compilation. But, in looking back to 
his history, it brings tears to the eyes, and agony to the heart, 
to witness this champion of religion, venerable by his hoary 
head, and after nearly forty years' ministerial service, forget- 
ting his duty so far as to refose to publish, on 5th December, 
1813, and, again, to denounce the Lenten Pastoral of his 
bishop, dated Taunton, 1st February, 1815, from the opinion 
that erroneous doctrine was lurking under those official docu- 
ments ! Such manifest dereliction of propriety, — such out- 
rageous resistance to episcopal authority, met with exemplary 
punishment. Forced to bid farewell where he had laboured 
so long and so successfully, this lion-hearted but wrong- 
headed old man took refuge in the Midland District. His 
attached friend. Bishop Milner, employed him first at Syner- 
ton, and then at Wappenbury, where he finally rested from all 
his troubles on 17th June, 1823, in his eighty-fourth year. 

Folding (Bede), John, O.S.B., The most Rev.— This 
nephew of the Rev. Dr. Brewer, President of the Benedictines, 
was bom near Liverpool on 18th November, 1794; was pro- 
fessed in the holy order of St. Benedict 18th July, 1811 j 
ordained priest 4th March, 1819 ; and for sixteen years was 
pastor of the congr^ation at Downside. Such was the 
opinion formed of his merits, that he was nominated to the 
See of Madras 4th July, 1832 ; but, in consequence of his 
entreaty to be excused from the responsibility, he was reluct- 
antly released. Bat he was compelled to accept vicer^^ 
powers over New Holland and Van Diemen^s Land, and for 
this purpose was consecrated by Bishop Bramston on 29th 
June, 1834, as Bishop of Nicero-Caesarea. Inestimable have 
been his services in that district ; and such the progress of 



884 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OP THE CLSBOT. 

OQT faith under his Eealons auspices^ that the Holy See created 
him ia 1842 Archbishop of Sydney^ with two snffiragan pre- 
lates ; now, in 1855, increased to seven ! But I must leave 
to the historian to descant on the great works achieved by 
this founder of episcopacy in Oceania. 

Poole, Michael, S.J. — Of this incumbent of Wardour, 
who often passed by the name of Foze, all that I can glean 
is, that he died in England 23rd April, 1748, set. sixty-one, 
rel. forty-one. 

Poole, William, S.J. — This good man was bom 16th 
December, 1752; at the age of eighteen he began Ids novi- 
tiate, and soon after he had completed it, was doomed to 
witness the suppression of his order. On his promotion to 
priesthood he was sent to the Derbyshire mission; but in 
January, 1790, was transferred to Exeter, where he opened 
its present chapel of St. Nicholas, 6th January, 1792. Here 
he continued until January, 1807, and bore the character of 
the unobtrusive and exemplary priest. Subsequently he was 
appointed to the mission of Bedford, near Leigh, co. Lancaster, 
where he enjoyed much better health than in Devonshire; 
and there he closed his blameless life on Friday, 27th Fe- 
bruary, 1828. 

PoaTB, La . — ^An exemplary French abb^, who 

succeeded Monsieur Cochet in the charge of the Stapehill con- 
gregation, but retired in 1817 to make room for Pere Palemon. 
After this I lose sight of him. 

PoRTBR, George, S.J. — ^This first-bom child of Mr. John 
and Isabella Porter (who were married by the writer in 
St. Nicholas's Chapel, Exeter, on 21st November, 1824) saw 
the earliest light of day in Alphington-street, St. Thomas's 
parish, beyond Exeter-bridge, on 27th August, 1825, and 
was baptized in the chapel aforesaid. After a preparatory 
education, he was sent to Stonyhurst College in September, 
1838, where he distinguished himself highly by his good con- 
duct, and assiduous and successful application to learning. On 
10th June, 1846, he defended a metaphysical thesis; and in 
the September of that year was appointed to teach the gram- 
marian class. This he continued to do for several years; 
and, moreover, was selected to fill the important post of 
prefect of studies. Early in 1852 he published a translation 
of Pfere Boone's ''Instructions on Solid Piety,'' a 12mo. of 
ninety-three pages. On the following year he removed to 
St. Beuno's to commence his course of theology, where be 
defended, on 23rd July, 1856, the theses ''De Deo Uno et 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 385 

Trim), et de Ecclesift/' Within two months later, on the 21st 
September, he was promoted to the priesthood. Let us pray, 
that he may do his great Master's work, '^ until he comes to 
his grave in a full age, like as a shock of corn at its season " 
(Job V. 26). 

His younger brother Thomas, bom in the Mint, Exeter, 
1st November, 1828, was baptized by the writer of these 
notes on the following day. In April, 1839, he proceeded to 
Stonyhurst College, and followed his brother's excellent 
example of piety and learning. After embracing the institute 
of the Society also, he has been much employed in teaching 
both at Stonyhurst and Malta. His ordinations are shortly 
expected ; and I have no doubt of his proving an ornament 
to religion and his holy order. 

Porter, James, S. J., born in the Low Countries, of English 
parents, 9th November, 1773 ; enrolled himself amongst the 
children of St. Ignatius in 1752, and eighteen years later was 
numbered amongst the professed fathers. He had made the 
renunciation of a considerable estate in Lincolnshire, content 
to lead the life of a poor missionary at Salisbury and Stape- 
hill. At length he retired to Portico, near St. Helen's, co. 
Lancaster, and there departed in peace on 28th March, 1810. 

PosTLEWHiTE, JosEPH, S.J., bom at Westby, co. Lan- 
caster, 7th April, 1784, was younger brother of my lamented 
friend William, who was snatched away on 12th May, 1799, 
Whit-Sunday, to the grief and dismay of us all, at Stony- 
hurst. R.I. P. 

Joseph passed the curriculum of Humanities with credit, and 
was one of the foremost to join the standard of St. Ignatius 
in 1803. Thirteen years later he was promoted to priesthood 
by Bishop Milner. In the following year, in March, 1817, 
he succeeded Monsieur M&rest as incumbent at Wardour. 
This important charge he filled for three and a half years. 
In 1820 he published a sensible tract containing the Order 
and Explanation of the Morning and Evening Services as 
performed in Wardour Chapel, On his departure from 
Wardour he served Courtfield, then Wigan; and on 27th 
April, 1829, succeeded P. George Jenkins at Boston; but in 
May, 1837, was translated to Worcester. In December of 
the following year he was recalled to Stonyhurst : thence was 
sent to Irnham, which he quitted in 1840. 

Power, Maurice J., was bom at Dungarvan, 18th 
February, 1818. After studying well, he was ordained 
priest at Maynooth 10th June, 1843; for three years he 
served Penzance; but on 3rd October, 1846, he was trans- 

2 c 



886 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

ferred to Torquay, vice the Rev. William Sheehy. Here he 
is entitled to every praise, for the tact and zeal with which 
he procured a most eligible site for the new Church of the 
Assumption of our Lady, the foundation-stone of which was 
laid on 4th April, 1853, and the solemn consecration per- 
formed by the Right Rev. Dr. Errington, the first bishop of 
Plymouth, on 17th February, 1854. This pleasing edifice, 
with its appointments, will be the best memorial of his taste 
and piety. At the formation of the Plymouth chapter, late 
in 1853, my reverend friend was deservedly named one of its 
canons, and being duly installed on 6th December that year, 
has since proved himself a very efficient member. 

Powell, Philip, O.S.B. — I have briefly mentioned him 
in Part I., chapter ii., under the Risdon family. He was son 
of Roger Powell by his wife Catherine Morgan, and was 
bom in Brecknockshire. From being a pupil to that rising 
lawyer, David (Augustine) Baker, of the Temple, he followed, in 
becoming a disciple of St. Benedict, the example of his master, 
who introduced him to the Risdons in the north of Devon, 
where in a «hort time he endeared himself to all, insomuch 
that when Mr. Risdon's daughter married Mr. Poyntz, of 
Leighland, in co. Somerset, there was a pious strife which 
family should have the benefit of his services. The daughter 
prevailed, and F. Powell resided with the couple at Leigh* 
land for upwards of twenty years, to the great edification of 
all. The civil wars forcing the dispersion of the parties, 
F. Powell took refuge with his friend John Trevelyan, of 
Yarnscombe, and Mr. John Coffin, of Parkham. With them 
he remained for about four months, when, the parliamentary 
forces overrunning the country, he found safety for a time 
under Goring's protection; but after six months spent in 
Cornwall, and the failure of this resource, he took passage in 
a vessel bound from Cornwall to Wales. Being discovered 
on board, 22nd February, 1646, he was sent up to London, 
condemned for priesthood, and executed at Tyburn on 80th 
June that year, aet. fifty -three, rel. thirty-three, mis. twenty- 
six. I have seen the " Relation du Martyre " of this holy 
monk, 8vo. Paris: 1647, pp. 29. The reader of Bishop 
Challoner's Memoir of him will be edified and delighted. 

Poyntz, John, S.J., of a good family in the north of 
Devon,'^ was bom 2nd July, 1709, and admitted into the 

* In Bittadon Church, near Barnstaple, is a handsome memorial to 
Edward Poyntz, of Northcote, in that parish, who died 14th September, 
1601, QBt. eighty-one. In Arlington, John Poyntz, recusant, had his 
estate sequestered in May, 1646 ; and from its parochial register I made 
the following extracts : — ^ Mrs. Elizabeth Poyntz, who lived and died 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 387 

Society, by the name of Beaumont, in 1782; he was pro- 
fessed in 1750. He often passed by the name of Price, and 
for several years served the Cornish mission, and, moreover, 
long continued to fill the office of procurator of the province. 
Though a gentleman of strict integrity and honour, he was 
virulently persecuted on the pretence of employing undue 
influence with Mrs. Rowe, of Trevithick, in Cornwall, as to 
the disposal of her property. Deeming it prudent to give 
place to wrath, he quietly retired to Liege, where he died in 
May, 1789, aet. eighty, 

PoYNTz, Robert, was born at Alderley in co. Gloucester. 
He studied at Winchester School, and thence proceeded to 
New College, Oxford, where he proceeded Master of Arts 
and Fellow in 1554. Early in Queen Elizabeth's reign, 
throwing aside his preferments, and renouncing all his 
worldly prospects, he retired abroad to enjoy that religious 
freedom which was denied and proscribed in his own country. 
His chief residence was Louvain, where he pubUsbed, in 
1566, some treatises to establish the real presence of our 
blessed Lord in the eucharist — ^that pivot of the Catholic 
religion ; but the time of his death was unknown to Pitts, 
Wood, Dodd, &c. 

Premord, Charles Leonard, was bom at Honfleur on 
30th July, 1760. His father, who died early in 1794, was ^ 
regarded by his fellow-townsmen as a public benefactor, as 
the following inscription proves : — 

Ob restituta 

Prisce Urbis Honflevii 

Privilegia 

Indulgentidk "RegiB 

Ludovici XV\ 

Curante I. B. Jacobo 

Premord, 

E Fonte Publico Rivum 

In usum Civis optime 

Meriti 

Deduci jussenint 

Major et CEdiles. 

Anno Dom. hdcclvhi. 



at Braunton, was buried in Arlington Church 17th July, 1677." 
«* Mr. Edward Po3'ntz was buried 26th November, 1678." " Mrs. Mary 
Poyntz buried 26th October, 1703, without a priegt.^' " Mrs. Temperance 
Poyntz buried 3rd June, 1721, vnthaut a priegt" Margaret Poyntz, a 
Papist, buried 2nd February, 1730." "Edward Poyntz buried 22nd 
December, 1732, ivithout a wriest. N.B. The expression without a priest 
18 elsewhere thus explained in the register — " at least, unattended by a 
lawful presbyter of the Church of England." 

2 c 2 



390 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

In Dr. ChalloDer's Memoirs of the Missionary Priests, 
may be seen our prelate's letter illustrating the biography of 
the martyr, the Rev. John Kemble, at Hereford.^ He 
might have added that in St. Mary's churchyard at Welsh 
Newton in the deanery of Archenfield, the remains of the 
sainted victim are covered with a flat stone with a large cross 
sculptured on it, and — 

" J. K. dyed Aug. 22, 1679." 

Also that his hand is kept at the Catholic chapel in Hereford. 

His lordship's encouraging approbation of that valuable 
compilation, " Collectanea Anglo-Minoritica," on 8rd April, 
1724, may be seen prefixed to its first Part, p. iv. 

Having secured, in 1741, a most efficient coadjutor in the 
episcopal office. Dr. Laurence York, O.S.B., he calmly pre- 
pared himself for that eternity into which he entered at 
Perthyre, 22nd May, 1750. A slab covers his remains in 
St. Kenelm's Church, Rockfield, deanery of Abergavenny, 
thus inscribed : — 

Hie jacent Exuvie R"' et III"* in 

Christo P. D. Matthsi Prichard, £p* 

Myrinesis, V. Ap. Ord. FF. M.M. 

Recoil. Angl. Conventus Duaceui 

Alumni, S. T. L. Jab. 

Vir erat 

Eruditionis Bummn, 

Doctrinse approbatsB, 

Famae int^^se et plusquam vulgaris : 

Yixit omnibus charus, 

Pauperum et afflictonim columen. 

Flent ejus ohitum orphanus et vidua; 

CoUachrvmantur universim omnes, 

Nobilis ^t Ignobilis, 

Dives et Pauper, 

Quibus sequale Pastoralis Officii Ministerium 

Semper exhibuit. 

In Perthyre multis annis vixit, et ibidem 

Animam Creatori reddidit anno 

iEtatis Bute 81, Rel. 63, Sacer. 57. 

Ep. 35, Jub. 13, Die 22 Mali, 1750. 

R.I.P. 



* The followiiijr is fruiii the Rev. Charles Came (called, by Dodd, 
Kerne, vol. iii. p. 303), chaplain to Mrs. Monnington, of Sarrisfield. 

Hereffd, June 9M, 79. 

Mada^m, — I hope ^ou will pardon these, though from an unknowne 
hand, it is to acquaint you that Mr. Kemble is arriv'd to Heff^ but 
weary and sickly, God reward vou and all other benefactours for your 
verry great charity to him and his companions. I am desir'd by him 
that good friends tak care there be a stop put to execution ; it is reported 



BIOGRAPHICAL LI8T OF THE CLE&OY. 891 

Procter (Auoustin), Samuel, O.S.D. — ^This venerable 
religions, after filling the highest offices of his Order, and 
training many in the spirit of its holy founder, eame into 
these western parts, as first prior of his brethren at Wood- 
chester, on 8th October, 1850. The present convenient 
monastery was solemnly opened on 11th August, 1853. 
Having completed this noble work, he resigned his ofBlce in 
1854, to return to Hinckley. 

Prost, Joseph, O.S.R. — ^This worthy Redemptorist served 
Lanheme from September, 1848, to July Ist, 1850. 

PuRCELL, William, O.S.F. — I think he was appointed to 
the London mission as F. Joseph Purcell by the chapter on 
27th August, 1788, and was attached to the Sardinian chapel. 
Late in life he accepted the mission of Tor Abbey, where he 
arrived, with a broken constitution, 23rd September, 1820; 
but sunk under it on 29th July following. In Tor Mohun 
churchyard his patron erected a tombstone, thus inscribed : — 

Cineribns et Memorie 

Gulielmi Purcell, O.S.F., 

Sacerdotis integerrimi, pientissimi. 

Vixit annos 57, mens. 2. 

Decessit 4 Kal. Aagosti, 1821. 

H. M. P. 

Georgius Carv 

Pietatis causL 



Q. 

Quick, John Francis, was bom in Palmer's Village, 
within Tiverton parish, on 4th January, 1777. When of a 
competent age, he was taken into the service of Joseph 
Nagle, of Calverleigh, Esq., whose niece. Miss Honora 
French, had married, 29th December, 1791, Mr. Charles 

here (how true I know not^ that the day is appointed for that dismall 
fact, to wit, this day sennight ; I hope good friends Tif possible) will 
prevent the tragedy. I am a prisoner in the same place on the same 
account, though not yet condemn'd ; next assizes I am to receive my 
doome. Mr. Kemble, being incapable of expressing himselfe your peti- 
tioner, desired me to be soe in his behalf : he gives his humble service 
to yourselfe and to all pious benefactours, the same do's, 

Hon* Mad", Your truely humble servant, 

Cha. Carne. 
Endorsed. 

ffor M". Elizabeth Sheldon, att M^ Sheldon's hous in S' James- 
streete, att the iron balcony, London. 



392 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLEBGT. 

Chichester^ brother of John Palmer Chichester, of Arling- 
ton, Esq. All this family was Catholic; but young Quick 
was a member of the Established Church. He had received 
a decent education at Tiverton, spent much of his leisure in 
study, was very moral and observant, and was much struck 
with the edifying regularity of the family ; but, particularly, 
the exemplary piety of Mrs. Chichester's maid, Miss Frances 
Westman, made a deep impression on him. He even wanted 
to pay his addresses to her ; when she plainly told him that, 
however she might esteem him, she could never consent to 
a union with one of a different creed. This set him upon 
investigating the grounds of the Catholic religion ; and whilst 
seriously engaged in this investigation the young woman was 
attacked with illness, which soon proved fatal. Her admirer 
placed a neat hetd-stone to the grave on the north-west side 
of Calverleigh churchyard, with the following inscription, 
which I copied on the spot : — 

To the Memory of 

Frances Westman, daughter 

to Clement and Ann Westman, of 

Aston, Staifordshire. 

Called by her God, she willingly 

gave up her soul, Sept. 8th, 1802, 

aged 27 ^ears and 27 weeks, 

leavmg her example 

more worth than the world 

to that part of life lingering 

a little behind in J. Q,. 

May she rest in Peace ! 

Subsequently, Mr. Quick informed me that his doubts and 
perplexities so much increased, that he thought it but fair 
to unbosom himself to the Rev. John Ley, the curate of Cal- 
verleigh church, who, respecting his sincerity, advised him to 
follow his couscience. I knew this reverend gentleman well. 
With confidence he now applied to the family chaplain, 
L'Abb^ Marquant, who satisfied all his doubts, and reconciled 
him to the Catholic Church, set. twenty-six. He now expe- 
rienced a vehement desire of communicating the blessing of 
faith to others, and had the happiness of converting his 
father, his mother-in-law (for his father had married a second 
wife), and his sister,* the present prioress of the English 
Augustinian Nuns at Bruges, all of whom I knew personally, 
and frequently attended. Anxious to follow his vocation to 

* Late in 1818 she went to Bruges, and took in religion the name of 
Theresa. This Mary Ann Quick was born 27th April, 1800, and was 
baptized on 10th May, in Tiverton Church, by the Rev. John Pitman. 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 393 

the ecclesiastical state^ and to be the instrument of salvation 
to others^ his first wish was to enter the Society of Jesus, 
and he consequently applied to the Rev. Joseph Reeve, of 
Ugbrooke ; but, as he formally objected to his admission at 
Stonyhurst, the pious youth, with the approbation of his kind 
patron, Mr. Nagle, offered himself to good Bishop Milner, 
who readily accepted him, and placed him under the priest 
of Longbirch. In the correspondence of my very dear friend, 
the Rev. Clement Westman, of Grafton, I meet with the 
following details : — 

" Grafton, August 17, 1807. — They are building at Sedgley- 
park a species of seculal: novitiate for the education of young 
ecclesiastics, which is a plan of the bishop's. Mr. Quick, a 
young man, who is at present at Longbirch, studying for the 
Church, and who is destined for the above-mentioned training 
school, called upon me the other day. I had long been 
acquainted with him by fame, but had never seen him before. 
He stayed with me three days. He is blessed with good 
parts, and is considered by all who know him as a singular 
example of piety. He was converted in an extraordinary 
manner some years back. He had received a tolerably good 
education, and had already got a pretty good knowledge of 
Latin. My opinion is, that Stonyhurst has lost in him a 
bright ornament. I never was more struck with a young 
man's appearance ; and everybody who knows him seems to 
express the same opinion.'' 

In another letter, dated Grafton, February 1, 1808 : — 

" I heard of Mr. Quick in the beginning of last week ; he 
was well, and perseveres with success in his pious under- 
taking, and expects to enter the new ecclesiastical seminary 
at Sedgley-park about May." 

" Grafton, March 2, 1808.— Mr. Quick has lately received 
minor orders, is still at Longbirch, and doing very well. He 
is truly a virtuous young man, and, if I mistake not. Heaven 
has great designs upon him." 

'' Grafton, July 24, 1808.— Perhaps you have heard that 
Oscott is given up to the bishop. Dr. Bew leaves, and is 
going to Yoxall, to take the place of Mr. Bricknell, who is 
to be travelling chaplain to Lord Shrewsbury. Mr. Potts 
continues at Oscott, and will have the direction of the literary 
department. Mr. Walsh, a priest at Sedgley-park, is to have 
the care of the congregation there, and of the spiritual con- 
cerns ; and our friend Mr. Quick to have the management of 
the temporals. This change of affairs is generally considered 



894 BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OP THB CLEKGT. 

to be greatly for the better/' — (N.B. He found out later that 
Dr. Bew did not go to Yoxall^ but to London.) 

'^ Grafton, September 22, 1809.— About a fortnight ago, I 
paid a visit to Oscott. Mr. Quick is the Procurator; he is 
m good health, but thinner. The number of students is about 
forty-five; they have not convenience for more than fifty. 
There is every reason to hope that it will prosper under the 
present administration.'^ 

So far my reverend correspondent. 

In the mean while Mr. Quick had cultivated his excellent 
talents with such extraordinary sucQess, that Bishop Milner 
promoted him to priesthood in December, 1811, and sub- 
sequently was so gratified with the proofs he gave of solid 
learning and discreet zeal, as to appoint hmi Professor 
of Divinity, and Vice-President of the college. But the good 
man had over-exerted his strength ; and, alas ! when his friends 
were expecting everything from his merits and promise, death 
interposed, and snatched him away on 18th August, 1818. 
His constant friend and promoter. Bishop Milner (after the 
interment at Hands worth), placed the following memorial in 
the college chapel : — 



* 



MB 



To the Memoty of 

The Rev. John Francis Quick, S.T.P., 

And Vice-President of St. Mary's College, 

of Oscotty 

Whose body rests in the parish cemetery. 

Whose soul, we confide, exults in the joy 

of its Lord, 

And whose spirit, we pray, may ever remain 

in this Seminary. 

Brought up in religious error, 

He so faithfully followed the lights given 

him. 

That he was in early manhood called 

By God's mercy 

To the true faith, to the priestly ministry. 

And to the pursuit of religious perfection. 

Humble, meek, benevolent, mortified. 

Indefatigable, 

But, above aU, zealous for the Salvation 

of Soulsy 

And the Glory of his Divine Master ; 

He was in a few years prepared for that 

Happy summons to meet Him, 

Which he received August 13, 1818, 

In the 41 st year of his age. 

R.I.P. 

In the Birmingham Chronicle, 20th August, 1818, was 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THB CLERGY. 395 

iDScrted his eologium^ which is preserved in the Directory for 
1819. 

QuiN, Bernard^ O.S.B. — ^This good religious was certainly 
serving Bath in 1713; but how long before or after I cannot 
determine ; nor can I learn the date of his deaths except that 
it occurred on the Ist day of January. 



R. 

Rastal^ Edward^ S.J., bom in the city of Gloucester^ was 
admitted with his brother John into the Society at Rome in 
1568. He was sent to Ingolstadt, in Germany^ to complete 
his theology, according to F. Henry More's Hist. p. 19. His 
death took place, according to Drews, nine years later, viz. 
17th June, 1577. 

** lUe potens sui 
LflBtusque deget, cui licet m diem 
Dixisse vixi." 

Rastal, John, S.J., brother to the above, was educated at 
Wykeham's College, Winchester, and New CoUege, Oxford, 
where he was admitted a perpetual fellow in 1549. Six 
years later he was ordained priest ; but in 1560, as Wood teUs 
us (Athense, vol. i. p. 265), ''left his college (wherein he had 
always been accounted an excellent disputant), his firiends, 
and native country, and went to Louvain and Antwerp,'' 
where he wielded his vigorous pen against the writings of 
Jewell. Having vanquished his antagonist in argument, he 
repaired to Rome and joined the Society, and became one 
of its brightest ornaments. He died with heroic charity at 
Ingolstadt in the course of the year 1600. 

Reeve, Joseph, S.J., son of Richard Reeve, of Island 
Hill, Stoodley parish, co. Warwick, and the eldest of three 
brothers who consecrated themselves to God in religion, was 
bom 11th May, 1733. In the fourteenth year of his age he 
was sent to St. Omer's College, where he distinguished him- 
self by his classic taste and industry. On 7th September, 
1752, he entered the novitiate at Watten. After defending 
a course of philosophy at Liege, he was appointed to teach 
Humanities, and continued to do so for eight years at St. 
Omer's and Bruges, with honour to himself and advantage 
to his pupils. Ordained priest, he defended the whole course 
of theology at Liege in the Lent of 1767, and then was sent 
for some months to assist the Benedictine nunq at Ipres. 
On 5th August that same year he reached Ugbrooke, and 



396 BIOORAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

there this luminary of the mission continued to shed the 
light of his example and experience^ until his happy death 
on 2nd May, 1820. For some years before he was taken 
from us, God was pleased to try this faithful servant with 
blindness; but no one could approach the venerable man 
without being edified with his profound sense of religion, his 
cheerful resignation to the will of Providence, his uniform 
and fervent discharge of his spiritual exercises, and his readi- 
ness to communicate information from his richly-stored mind. 
A solemn dirge was performed for him at Ugbrooke on 
Friday, 5th May, and his remains were deposited behind the 
chapel with a tablet thus inscribed : — 

H. S. E. 

Josephas Reeve, S.J., 

Hujns ^dis Sacrse annoB amplias L. 

Sacerdos et Gustos, 

Vixit Annas lxxxvii. 

Decesait 2 Maii, A.D. mdcccxx. 

ILL P. 

. The reverend father will live for ever in the learned works 
which he gave to the press, as set forth in the Collectanea 
S J., p. 178-9. 

On the occasion of the funeral, the following address was 
delivered in St. Cyprian's Chapel at Ugbrooke : — 

** Say to the just roan that it is well : for he shall eat the fruit of his 
labours." — Isaiah iii. 10. 

In bidding the last adieu to the mortal remains of a 
venerable ftiend and benefactor, I derive comfort from the 
belief that it is really well with this just man — that he is 
now enjoying the reward of a useful and well-spent life. If 
I did not entertain the confident hope of his being happy, I 
should indeed be miserable. For where do we meet with a 
more unblemished career? Where do we witness a more 
Christian and edifying death? His uniform example of 
piety and religion from early youth to the latest period of an 
honoured old age, confounds our tepidity, and stimulates us 
to walk worthy of the vocation to which we are called. 
Though dead, he speaks; he movingly exhorts us to serve 
our Creator in holiness and justice during the remainder of 
our existence, and to spare no exertions to deserve that 
diadem which the Almighty has promised to those who love 
him. '^Be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee 
the crown of life" (Apoc. xi. 10). 

Our venerable friend was bom on the 11th May, 1783. 
From infancy he was taught by his exemplary parents to 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY* 397 

fear God, and to abstain from all sin. In the fourteenth 
year of his age he was sent to St. Omer^s College^ where he 
pursued his studies with great assiduity and success, and 
displayed an admirable pattern of piety, docility, and regu- 
larity. Feeling himself called to the religious state, he 
solicited and obtained admission into the novitiate of the 
Society of Jesus, on 7th September, 1752. I pass over the 
proofs of his brilliant success in teaching Humanities, and 
in defending the course of philosophy and divinity, in order 
to follow him to Ugbrooke, where Providence conducted him 
in the summer of 1767, as chaplain to the baronial family 
of Clifford. Of his disinterested zeal in the ministry — of his 
attention to the flock committed to his charge — of his pru- 
dence in difficult times and conjimctures — of the undeviat- 
ing example that he presented of propriety, integrity, mode- 
ration, and charity, there are many among you who can bear 
ample and cheerful testimony. Suffice it to say, that for 
more than half a century, he exhibited in himself the model 
of a good pastor, devoting himself to the comfort and in- 
struction of his spiritual children, without any reference to 
personal ease and convenience. Full of the spirit of the 
priesthood and of the Society of Jesus, he sought on all 
occasions the greater honour and glory of his God, and 
delighted in the exact, fervent, and constant discharge of 
his sacred functions. 

The natural and acquired talents of our departed friend 
would have commanded success in any literary department. 
His genius was eminently polished and refined; his Latin 
versification, especially, combined strength with grace and 
harmony, and if he had given up his mind to the charms of 
verse, he might have insured the public patronage, and 
ranked amongst the leading bards of his time. But he pre- 
ferred what might be more generally useful to his neighbour, 
without one sidelong glance to profit or applause, and he 
therefore devoted his principal attention to ecclesiastical 
studies and pursuits. Aiixious to promote the spirit of piety, 
he published in 1780 the " Abridgment of the History of 
the Inspired Volume.^^ Deeply lamenting the general igno- 
rance of the only knowledge which dignifies the Christian, 
a,nd makes us truly wise unto salvation, he next favoured 
the world with " Practical Discourses on the Attributes and 
Perfections of God, and on the Divinity and wonderful works 
of Jesus Christ." And lastly, to remove misrepresentations 
and prejudice from the youthful generation, who, for the 
most part, imbibe tlieir knowledge of ecclesiastical history 
from polluted sources, he has traced out the '' Rise and Pro- 



BIOGRAPHICAL LIST OF THE CLERGY. 

gress of the Catholic Churchy firom it first establishment until 
the present period/' This publication reflects singular credit 
on his discrimination^ impartiality^ and love of truth. But 
what shall I say of his many personal sacrifices, and splendid 
generosity in educating youth for the sanctuary? In his 
ambition to do good during life^ and to be the instrument 
of good after deaths he proved that he was a man according 
to God's own heart — ^that he sought nothing but the interests 
of Jesus Christ. For his munificent exertions to perpetuate 
this work of mercy and charity^ he is now rewarded by the 
lover of human soids. Yes^ best-beloved^ the most acceptable 
of all sacrifices is to co-operate with the Redeemer in the 
salvation of our neighbour. And the prophet Daniel teaches 
(xii. 3)^ that they who instruct many unto justice, shall shine 
like stars for all eternity. 

In alluding to his zeal for religion, I am particularly 
obliged to acknowledge his unremitting and disinterested 
attentions to the welfare and comfort of the neighbouring 
mission of Exeter. With perfect truth he is entitled to the 
character of its founder. Without his active industry, libe- 
rality, and good management, it probably would have sunk 
to nothing, and the faithful there would have been lying 
like sheep that have no shepherd. Of the committee for 
erecting the convenient chapel of that city,