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THE JOURNAL 



OF THE 



IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE 



GENERAL INDEX 

Vols. XXXVI. to LVIII. 

1890-1900 

TCK^iETHER WITH A HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT 
OF THlC IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE 

ILLUSTRATED BY PORTRAITS OF THE PAST-PRESIDENTS 



KDIIEI) IIY 



BENNETT H. BUG UGH 

Secretary 



LONDON 

E. & F. N. SPON, LIMITI]D, 125, STRAND 

NEW YORK: SPON & CHAMBERLAIN, 123, LIBKUTY STREET 

SOLI) ALSO AT THE OFFICES OF THE INSTITUTE 

28, VICTORIA STREET, LONDON, S.W. 

1902 




SIR HENRY BESSEMER 

I'UKMDKN-l LS71-7J 



! * ^ ■ 



\ 



f 



.'I 






Printed by Ballantyne, Hanson 6* Co. 
At the Ballantyne Press 



PREFACE 

This Index deals with the twenty-three octavo volumes of 
the Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute published during 
the years 1890 to 1900 inclusive. It has been compiled on 
the same system as the Index (1869 to 1881) issued in 1883, 
and as that (1882 to 1889) issued in 1891, to which it may 
be regarded as a continuation. The figures immediately fol- 
lowing the references relate to the year of publication, the 
next to the number of the volume (two being issued each 
year), and the third to the number of the page. The refer- 
ences to the names of Authors and to Subjects are printed 
in different types. 

The volume also contains (1) on pages 1 to 30 an intro- 
duction tracing the history of the development of the Insti- 
tute illustrated by portraits of the sixteen past-presidents; 
(2) on pages 31 to 56 a list of the papers contained in the 
Journal (1869 to 1900), arranged chronologically ; (3) on pages 
57 to 81 a list of the same papers classified according to 
subjects, the classification being that adopted since 1886 for 
the arrangement of the Institute's abstracts of the contents 
of papers relating to iron and steel and cognate subjects 
published in other journals; and (4) on pages 83 to 90 an 
index of authors of papers. 



28, Victoria Street, London, S.W. 
July 1902. 



428940 



LIST OF PORTRAITS OF PAST-PRESIDENTS. 

HIS GRACE THE DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, 1869-71 . To face page 1 

Sib henry BESSEMER, F.R.S., 1871-73 .... Frontispicec 

Sib LOWTHIAN BELL, Babt., F.R.8., 1873-75 . To face page 16 

WILLIAM MENELAUS, 1875-77 do. 

Sib C. WILLIAM SIEMENS, F.R.S., 1877-79 ... do. 

EDWARD WILLIAMS, 1879-81 do. 

JOSIAH TIMMIS SMITH, 1881-83 do. 

Sib BERNHARD SAMUELSON, Babt, F.R.S., 1883-85 . do. 

JOHN PERCY, M.D., F.R.S., 1885-87 do. 

DANIEL ADAMSON, 1887-89 do. 

Sib JAMES KITSON, Babt., M.P., 1889-91 ... do 

Sib FREDERICK AUGUSTUS ABEL, Babt., G.C.V.O., 

K.C.B., F.R.S., 1891-93 do. 

EDWARD WINDSOR RICHARDS, 1893-95 ... do. 

Sib DAVID DALE, Babt., D.C.L., 1895-97 ... do. 

EDWARD PRITCHARD MARTIN, 1897-99 ... do. 

Sib WILLIAM CHANDLER ROBERTS-AUSTEN, K.C.B., 

D.C.L., F.R.S., 1899-1901 do. 




Prksidknt 1869-71 



HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT 



OF THE 



IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE 



The Iron and Steel Institute was founded in 1869, with the 
objects of affording a means of communication between members of 
the Iron and Steel Trades upon matters bearing upon their respec- 
tive manufactm*es, all questions connected with wages and trade 
regulations being excluded ; and of arranging periodical meetings 
for the discussion of practical and scientific subjects bearing upon 
the manufacture and use of iron and steel. 

The suggestion that such an Institute should be established 
was originally made at a quarterly meeting of the Iron Trade of 
the North of England, held in Newcastle-on-Tyne on September 
29, 1868, by the late Mr. John Jones, of Middlesbrough, at that 
time the Secretary to the Noiiih of England Iron Trade, who 
concluded his paper on " The Position of the Iron Trade in rela- 
tion to Technical Education " with the following words : — 

"Assuming that the British iron trade would eventually l)e much 
benefited by a freer interchange of opinions between the various members, 
by more frequent intercourse with each other, and by the discussion of 
such matters as affect most closely the interests of this national industry ; 
in short, by the more general diffusion of technical information amongst 
the members of the trade, I venture to suggest the desirability of establish- 
ing a society, to consist of individual members of the iron trade, and of 
those intimately associated with it. 'i'he members of such a society might 
meet periodically, say once a year, each time in some ironmaking district. 
On these occasions papers might be read upon matters affecting the trade. 
People might be invited to send objects of interest for exhibition, and 
facilities might be afforded, not only for a general interchange of opinion, 
but for visiting the principal works in the immediate vicinity of the place 
of meeting. 

" In the intervals between the periodical meetings, by an organisation 
of special committees, it would be practicable to work out fully the more 
abstruse (questions introduced to the notice of the society. Questions of 

A 



2 HISTOKY OF THE DEVllLOPMENT OF 

wages and prices would not come under the cognisance of such an institu- 
tion, but would be left for the various districts to settle in their own ^ay. 
The object of such an institution, like the one sketched out, would be to 
draw into one focus everything relating to the imperial, as distinguished 
from the local interests of the trade ; and by means of such an organisa- 
tion everything relating to manufacturing operations might be directly 
and speedily brought under the notice of the members. As nothing of 
this kind has ever been tried in connection with the iron trade, it is not 
easy to predict what would be the precise form the society would have to 
take in order to be most serviceable to the trade. It might not be a 
success at first, because of the prejudices and jealousies that would have to 
be overcome here and there ; but all progressive movements must have a 
beginning, and they are not the less promising because they begin in a 
quiet, unostentatious manner. Supposing even such a scheme were to fail, 
no harm would be done by the eflFort to establish the society, and it seems 
beyond a doubt that much lasting good might result from an institute of 
this kind. It is, of course, competent for this meeting to approve of the 
proposed establishment of an Iron or Iron and Steel Institute, or whatever 
else it might most appropriately be designated. I venture to think that a 
comparatively short period would be sufficient to test the feeling of the 
principal ironmasters in this country ; and I am sanguine enough to 
believe that, if proper facilities were afforded for working out this idea, 
the results would be found to be highly beneficial to the trade. 

" With respect to the method which might be the most desirable to 
adopt in organising an institution of the nature sketched out in this paper, 
it has been suggested that, in case the general features of the proposed 
scheme are approved by this section of the iron trade, it might be desirable 
to name a provisional committee, to consist of, say, three members of the 
trade from the principal ironmaking districts, and to leave the said com- 
mittee to frame the requisite regulations, and to make arrangements for an 
opening meeting, to be held in one of the leading iron manufacturing 
districts." 

In Brccordance with resolutions then passed by the members of 
the North of England Iron Trade, a meeting was convened at the 
Queen's Hotel, Birmingham, on October 8, 1868. Mr. William 
Menelaus presided, and the following resolutions were unanimously 
agreed to : — 

1. "That in the opinion of this meeting of representatives of the 
various ironmaking districts of Great Britain, it is desirable to take 
.<«teps for the establishment of an Iron and Steel Institute, for the discus- 
sion of practical and scientific questions connected with the manufacture 
of iron and steel. 

2. " That it is desirable to base the rules of the proposed institution 
upon the general principles adopted by the Civil and Mechanical Engineers 
and kindred societies, rigidly excluding all questions connected with wages 
and trade regulations." 



THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 3 

The following gentlemen were afterwards named to represent 
the various ironmaking districts on the Provisional Committee : — 

North of England. — Edward Williams, I. Lowthian Bell, David 
Dals; James Morrison, Bkunhaud Samdelson, W. R. Innes Hopkins, 
Charles Bagnall, John Jonks. Jl^ed Coast. — ,1. T. Smith, W. Fletcher, 
John Lancaster, John Paterson, James Smith. South Staffordshire, — 
George J. Barker, Walter Williams, William Matthkws, John 
Hartley, W. M. Sparrow, Frederick Smith, W. Saunders, Sampson 
Lloyd. North Staffordshire. — W. S. Roden, Robert Heath, J. Udall, 
John Ramsbottom. Soath JVales and Monmouth. — W. Menelaus, 
Alexander Brogden, R. Fothergill, J. Palmer Budd, Abraham 
Darby, William Price Strdv6. Shro2)shire. — Thomas Ellwood 
Horton. Sheffiell. — Henry Bessemer, Edward Vickers, George 
Wilson, Mark Firth. West Riding. — F. W. Kitson, E. Jeffries, 
John Butler, Derbyshire.^J . Q. N. Alleyne, William Fowler. 
Scotland. — Walter Neilson, A. Whitelaw, R. Cassels, Robert 
Han NAY, Neil Robson. 

The members of the Provisional Committee were requested to 
comiftunicate with the various makers of ii*on and steel in their 
respective localities, asking them to become members, in case the 
proposed Institute should be established. It was further resolved 
that, although the rate of subscription would have to be fixed at 
a future date, the meeting considered that it should not exceed 
three guineas per annum. The Committee considered it desirable 
that the proposed Institute should have its headquai-ters in London, 
but that periodical meetings should be held in the various iron- 
making districts. In order to allow time for members of the iron 
and steel trades generally to be consulted, it was resolved that the 
next meeting of the Committee should be held in London about the 
end of November. Mr. Jones was requested to act as Honorary 
Secretary ^0 tern, to the Provisional Committee. 

A second meeting of the Provisional Committee was held at 
the Westminster Palace Hotel on December 17, 1868, at which 
Mr. I. Lowthian Bell presided ; rules were drawn up, and it was 
resolved that the Duke of Devonshire should be requested to be- 
come the first President of the Institute. 

On January 5, 1869, the first voting list of candidates for 
membership was issued. It included 101 names given in by 
members of the Provisional Committee. 

The first general meeting of members was held at the West- 
minster Palace Hotel on February 25, 1869. Mr. I. Lowthian 



4 



HISTORY OF THB DEVBLOPMBNT OF 



Bell presided, and on the voting papers being opened by the 
scrutineers the following were declared duly elected as the first 
President, Trustees, Vice-Presidents, Membei's of Council, Trea- 
surer, and Secretary : — 

President. 
THE DUKE OF DEVONSHIRE, K.G. 



Trustees. 



John Hartley 

H. W. F. BoLCKow, M.P. 

Evan M. Richards, M.P. 



DiBtricts Represented. 
South Staffordshire. 
North of England. 
South Wales. 



Vice-Presidents. 
I. LowTHiAN Bell .... North of England. 



JosiAH T. Smith . 
Walter Williams 
John Ramsbottom. 
Edward Vickers . 

F. W. KiTSON . 

William Fowler . 
William Menelaus 
Walter Nkiuson . 



West Coast. 

South Staffordshire. 

North Staffordshire. 

Sheffield. 

West Riding of Yorkshire. 

Derbyshire. 

South Wales and Monmouth. 

Scotland. 



Members of Council. 



Edward Williams 

W. R. Innes Hopkins 

Charles Baonall 

John Lancaster, M.P. 

Qeorqe J. Barker 

Qeorob Addenbrooke 

H. O. Firmstone . 

Robert Heath 

Alexander Brogden, M.P. . 

Richard Fotherqill, M.P. . 

William Thompson Crawshay 

Thomas E. Horton 

George Wilson . 

Sir John G. N. Allbyne, Bart. 

Robert Casskls . 



North of England. 

North of England. 

North of England. 

West Coast. 

South Staffordshire. 

South Staffordshire. 

South Staffordshire. 

North Staffordshire. 

South Wales and Monmouth. 

South Wales and Monmouth. 

South Wales and Monmouth. 

Shropshire. 

Sheffield. 

Derbyshire. 

Scotland. 



Treasurer. 
David Dale Darlington. 

Secretary. 
John Jones Middlesbrough. 



THE TRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 5 

The Duke of Devonshire delivered the Inaugural Address on 
the evening of June 23, 1869, in the Hall of the Society of Arts. 
This address is printed in the first volume of the Ti*ansactions of 
the Institute. 

On the expiration of the term of the Duke of Devonshire's 
Presidency, it was felt to be desirable to provide a permanent 
record of his connection with the Institute, and it was resolved 
that this should take the form of a portrait of the Duke. A 
subscription was therefore raised, and Mr. H. T. Wells, R.A., 
received the commission to paint the portrait, which was pre- 
sented to the Institute by the subscribers, and now adorns its 
Council-room. 

Soon after the inauguration of the Institute it became clearly 
apparent that there was an earnest desire among the members to 
add unreservedly to the geneml stock of information. The willing- 
ness to be enrolled in the ranks of the Iron and Steel Institute was 
not confined to British ironmasters, but extended itself to Conti- 
nental and American metallurgists ; and after the fii^st Continental 
meeting, held at Liege in 1873, the Institute acquired the cosmo- 
politan character that it has since retiiined. 

Since the establishment of the Institute, the occupants of the 
Presidential Chair have been as follows : — 

His Grace the Duke of Devon- John Percy, M.D., PMt.S., 1885-87. 

SHIRE, K.G., 1869-71. {Deceased.) {Deceased.) 

Sir Hknrv Bessemer, F.R.S., Daniel Auamson, 1887-89. [De- 

1871-73. {Deceased.) ceased.) 

Sir LowTHiAN Bell, Bart., F.U.S., Sir James Kitson, Bart., M.P., 

1873-75. 1889-91. 

W. Menelai:s, 1875-77. {Deceased.) Sir Frederick Augustus Abel, 
Sir C. William Siemens, F.K.S., Bart., K.C.B., F.K.S., 1891-93. 

1877-79. {Deceased.) Ed. Windsor Richards, 1893-95. 

Edward Williams, 1879-81. Sir David Dale, Bart., D.C.L., 

(Deceased, ) 1 895-97. 

JcsiAH TiMMis Smith, 1881-83. Id. Pritchard Martin, 1897-99. 

The Right Hon. Sir Bernhard Sir William Roberts- Austen, 

Samuelson, Bart., F.R.S., K.C.B., F.R.S., 1899-1901. 

1883-85. William Whitwell, 1901-* 

Dealing with the work of his predecessors in the Chair, Sir 
William Roberts-Austen, K.C.B., as the latest President of the 

* At present in office. 



6 HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF 

century, in his presidential address, delivered in May 1899, wrote 
as follows : — 

" The history of our industry since the formation of this Institute is 
epitomised by the labours of those who have hitherto occupied the 
Presidential chair. The Duke of Devonshire, K.Q., our first President, 
worthily sustained the honour of the name of Cavendish, one of the most 
illustrious in the scientific annals of our country, and the connection 
of the Duke with the iron industry of Barrow is an incident of the first 
importance in our industrial records. He highly appreciated the import- 
ance of science in relation to the progress of the nation ; and the Report 
of the Royal Commission on Scientific Instruction, of which he was 
President, contributed in no small degree to the awakening of public 
attention to the subject His noble foundation of the Cavendish Labora- 
tory at the University of Cambridge stimulated research on lines closely 
connected with this Institute, as the work of Clerk Maxwell, of Rayleigh, 
of J. J. Thomson, of Ewing, and of Heycock and Neville, abundantly 
testify. It is certain that the main efforts of his life were directed to 
developing the resources and improving the condition of the people. 
Neither rank, wealth, nor intellectual gifts had power to affect the 
simplicity of his character or to lessen the deep sense of duty which 
controlled all his actions. 

"The life-work of our second President, Sir Henry Bessemer, has 
already been dealt with, and the lesson it teaches is how vastly important 
the labours of one man may be to a nation. In these days the facilities 
for work are much greater than they were, and results are obtained by an 
army of workers ; but, as Stanley Jevons has pointed out, the influence 
of the individual genius is * not withering, but is growing with the extent 
of the material resources which are at his command/ It was during the 
Presidency of Sir H. Bessemer that Snelus patented the use of basic lining 
for furnaces and crucibles, which was ultimately found to be so important 
in relation to the elimination of phosphorus from pig iron. 

" Sir Lowthian Bell embodies for us the progress in blast-furnace prac- 
tice of at least the last half -century. It was under his Presidency that 
the first Continental meeting was held, the place chosen being Liege, 
Belgium's great metallurgical centre. He was the author of the first paper 
communicated to the Institute, choosing as a subject * The Development 
of Heat and its Appropriation in the Blast-Furnace.' There is a passage 
in the Presidential address of Dr. Percy with reference to the work of 
Sir Lowthian Bell which I may be permitted to quote. Dr. Percy said : 
* His laborious, careful, and original investigations of scientific problems 
of the highest interest in the metallurgy of iron and steel must be so well 
known to this audience that any comment upon them from me would 
be superfluous, if not presumptuous.' If Dr. Percy, the metallurgical 
historian of the age, thus shrank in 1885 from the attempt to give 
adequate expression to the value of Sir Lowthian's work, it would be 
impertinent in me to say more than that the fourteen years which have 



THE IRON ANt) STEEL INSTITUTE. 7 

passed since Dr. Percy wrote have only served to bring into greater 
prominence Sir Lowthian's unswerving devotion to the solution of those 
problems he has so patiently studied. 

"Attempts to improve the ancient operation of puddling by the aid 
of mechanical appliances received their fullest developmeut under the 
guidance of William Menelaus. The great usefulness of his career may 
perhaps be well indicated by the statement that he was among the first 
to be convinced of the vast superiority of steel to puddled iron, and 
urged its adoption with singular foresight and vigour. His position as 
manager of Dowlais Works gave great force to his advocacy. By lending 
his great mechanical resources and power of organisation to scientific 
research, he brought about some of the greatest improvements that were 
ever effected in the iron and steel industries. He associated himself, 
moreover, with Edward Riley, who, as an analytical chemist, subsequently 
made a distinguished name. 

" The work of Sir William Siemens has already been dealt with as fully 
as time will permit. I will, therefore, only ([uote the public tribute to 
his memory which was offered at the time of his death in 1883: *The 
nation at large has lost a faithful servant, chief among those who live only 
to better the life of their fellow-men by subduing the forces of Nature to 
their use. Looking back along the line of England's scientific worthies, 
there are few who have served the people l)etter than this, her adopted 
son — few, if any, whose life's record* will show so long a list of useful 
labours.' 

"Edward Williams shares with Menelaus the unique distinction of 
having been the first to appreciate the great importance of Bessemer's 
discovery, and within three days after the pul)lication of Bessemer's paper 
at the British Association he erected at the Dowlais Works a small fixed 
converter, had blown pig iron, and had rolled the product into bars, 
*to the great astonishment of all concerned.' His vigorous address as 
President of this Institute was remarkable for the then prophetic expres- 
sion of belief, that the day was *at hand when either by a Bessemer 
converter or by the open-hearth . . . there will be produced with absolute 
certainty, with comparatively light labour, and (he hoped) with fair profit 
to all concerned, every kind, variation, and quality of the metal iron 
which we rudely designate steel and wrought iron.' He also made a 
striking appeal to educated intellectual young men who *hung listlessly' 
about the professions * to break through the absurd old prejudice against 
seemingly rough work, and come over to the healthy business of iron and 
steel making, in which they might render the world good service.' 

" Josiah Timmis Smith, in his Presidential address, gave a remarkable 
retrospect of the period which had elapsed since the foundation of the 
Institute. He showed that, comparing the year 1880 with the year 1869, 
2^ millions more tons of iron had been made with the same amount of 
fuel, or we had, in fact, economised our fuel supplies to the extent of 
10,000,000 tons. He gives a masterly summary of the progress in our 
industries, and eloquently pleaded that chemistry had proved its claims to 



8 HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF 

be regarded as the handmaid of the iron manufacturer, and had given our 
metallurgical art a place in relation to the exact sciences which it could 
never otherwise have occupied. He also urged with great force that our 
Institute had broken down the spirit of exclusiveness and prejudice, that 
is usually the most rampant where knowledge is most wanting. 

"To Sir Bemhard Samuelson is due the credit of being the first to 
succeed in convincing the House of Commons of the national importance 
of Technical Education in its widest sense, and to induce it to grant 
a Select Committee to inquire into the provisions for giving instruction in 
theoretical and applied science to the industrial classes. I wish I knew 
which of his wise and careful utterances he would like me to quote. Left 
to mj own choice, I reject reference to his elaborate array of statistics, 
and select the following brief passage from his Presidential address : ' It 
is to the further development of the world's railways that we must mainly 
look in the future as in the past for the support of our trade.' Bearing in 
mind what is happening in Egypt, in South Africa, in China, and on the 
frontiers of our Indian Empire, the vast importance of railways, to which 
Sir Bemhard refers, cannot be doubted. Hence the engineer, considered 
as a pioneer, is absolutely dependent for steel rails and for the material 
for the construction of bridges on the metallurgist, whose work is the real 
foundation of progress. One other sentence, which is typical of the whole 
tenor of his life's work, may be quoted : * It is in the mutual co-operation 
(in a scientific spirit) of every grade" in our great craft that we may build 
up the hope, nay, that we may cherish the certain expectation, of placing 
it on even a higher eminence than that which it has already attained.' 

"In no other branch of modem scientific literature than that of 
metallurgy does one individual stand far above his contemporaries and 
absolutely dominate his subject as does Dr. John Percy. It may be 
fairly claimed that he did this, for he truly represents the progress of 
metallurgical literature during the nineteenth century. He was also the 
century's greatest teacher ; he found metallurgy practised in this country 
as an empirical art. His splendid works contain a record of its progress ; 
his lectures at tlie Royal School of Mines secured it a scientific basis, and 
he trained a body of workers in whose hands the immediate future of 
metalluigy still, to a great extent, rests. To few men does the nation owe 
more than to our President of 1885-87. The educational work Dr. Percy 
began is being actively developed. As regards its progress in the future — 
which is of vital importance — there seems to me to be no requirements 
that may not be abundantly met by the extension of existing institutions. 
The establishment of a Board of Mining and Metallurgy in connection 
with the new Teaching University for London would, I am satisfied, 
greatly stimulate instruction in these subjects. 

" Daniel Adamson will be known rather as a mechanical engineer, and 
the originator of the Manchester Ship Canal, than as a metallurgist. His 
Presidency of this Institute is, however, remarkable for his strenuous 
advocacy of the use, not only of steel as distinguished from iron, but that 
for definite purposes steel of a definite degree of carburisation and suitable 



THB IKON AND STKEL INSTITUTE. 9 

composition should be employed. He also eloquently urged that the steel 
at all stages of its manufacture in its varied applications should receive 
suitable thermal treatment. He strongly advocated the use of steel for 
the manufacture of boilers, and he pointed out that by the use of steel 
rails and weldless solid rolled steel tires the saving to railway shareholders 
amounted to about £3,120,000 sterling per annum, while the safety and 
security of the travelling public had been correspondingly increased. No 
better indication of progress in the decade ending 1889 could well be 
given than this. 

" The vast advance during the century in the aj)plications of iron and 
steel in the manufacture of machinery, and more especially to locomotives, 
is fittingly represented by Sir James Kitson. We, moreover, owe him a 
deep debt of gratitude for the admirable way in which he represented 
the Institute by presiding at the Autumn Meeting, which was held in 
Paris in 1889, as well as during the arduous but most remarkable visit 
to the United States in 1890. Sir James, by his unflagging vigour and 
unfailing tact, did much to cement the friendship of workers in iron antl 
steel both among our neighbours in France and our kinsmen in America. 
I will only add that he has pei-sistently advocated the use, and has well 
maintained the reputation, of that admirable material, 'best Yorkshire 
iron.' 

" One of the most noteworthy events in the metallurgical progress of 
this country was the acceptance by Sir Frederick Abel of the post of 
Chemist of the War Department. The teaching of such illustrious men 
as Berzelius, Heinrich Rose, and Liebig was just in process of thorough 
application in this country when Abel left our matchless teacher Hofmann 
to take his place among the earliest trained analytical chemists whose aid 
was sought by the ironmaster. He thus became, as it were, the * Patron' 
of works chemists. They are men on whose patient, monotonous, and 
often inader[uately recompensed, labours the quality of British iron and 
steel has in no small measure depended, and I am glad to have this oppor- 
tunity for offering my brethren, the chemists in works, a respectful tribute 
of admiration. The magnitude of their work may be gathered from the 
fact stated in the Journal of our Institute, that in one basic steel works 
over 110,000 determinations are made in a single year by three chemists 
and six assistants. Of Sir Frederick's numerous investigations, the one 
which appeals to us most closely is that which definitely settled as Fe^C 
the composition of carbide of iron. Lord Herbert of Lea, who was several 
times Secretary for War, and was in office soon after Sir Frederick was 
appointed to Woolwich, appears to have been advised that * steel was 
wholly inapplicable for the manufacture of ordnance.' When we con- 
sider what the nature of our present war material is, and reflect how large 
a part Abel played in its introduction and adoption, it will be evident 
that any further comments of mine as to the value of his labours would be 
unnecessary. He is himself a most active exponent of the truth ' that the 
intimate blending of science with practice lies at the root of all industrial 
progress and success.' 



10 HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF 

**I am quoting from an American source the testimony that *an 
historical sketch of the perfecting of modem processes of steel manufac- 
ture would afford the best glimpse that could be given of the career of 
Edward Windsor Richards.' He was among the first to appreciate the 
need for reversing mill engines, and an early one erected by him is still 
at work at Ebbw Vale. He designed the works of Messrs. Bolckow, 
Vaughan & Co. at Middlesbrough, the largest in the kingdom, and as 
general manager of the famous Low Moor Works has fully maintained 
its reputation for the production of one of the most famous varieties 
of iron in the world. His connection with what is known as the basic 
process will be alluded to later on. In view of the fact that appliances 
will handle and forging presses deal with weights of steel up to 100 tons, 
he long ago anticipate the possibility of making 10 tons of steel into 
one ingot. 

" The progress of an industry during the century can only be adequately 
indicated by the evidence afforded by statistics. In this respect no more 
compi*ehensive statements could have been desired than those embodied in 
the Presidential address of Sir David Dale. Sir David has, however, 
secured a firmer claim to the gratitude of the nation than that which 
is derived from his powers as a statistician. He has from time to time 
been the trusted arbitrator between masters and men, and as Chairman 
of one section of the Labour Commission (1891-94), rendered admirable 
services in the interests both of capital and labour. He was also the 
representative of this country at the Berlin Labour Congress of 1890. 
His work has, moreover, enabled us to trace in the last twenty years of 
the century the progress of the spirit of equity among all sorts and 
conditions of men, who have gladly borne testimony alike to his firmness 
and his justice. His efforts have been unwearyingly directed to removing 
dif&culties which have from time to time arisen between employers and 
the employed. I need hardly allude to his long services as Treasurer of 
this Institute, nor do you need to be reminded that we owe the ability to 
carry on our work efficiently to his careful husbanding of our resources. 

" To the foresight of Edward Pritchard Martin we owe the adoption in 
practice of one of the great processes which will render the nineteenth 
century memorable. I refer to what is |collectively called the * Basic 
process.' It would be impossible to trace its history now. I prefer in 
any reference, which must of necessity be so brief, to appeal to the appre- 
ciative words in the paper which Sidney Thomas and Percy Gilchrist 
communicated to our Institute in 1879. They then stated that, *on 
laying some of the first results obtained from this six-pound converter 
before Mr. Martin of Blaenavon, he at once recognised their imjxjrtance, 
and from that time we have been deeply indebted to him for his unfailing 
and consistent support and much valuable advice and assistance.' It need 
only be added that the metallurgical world is also under a Listing debt 
of gratitude to Mr. Martin. Later on other aid was as gracefully recog- 
nised. Mr. Thomas said, on the occasion of his receiving the Bessemer 
Medal (1883), *the present position of dephosphorisation has only been 



THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 11 

■ 

rendered possible by tbe frank, generous, and unreserved co-operation of 
Mr. Windsor Ricbards, and of our earlier and consistent supporter Mr. 
Martin.' All those I have named have received the Bessemer Medal. 
We lost Sidney Thomas far too soon. Mr. Snelus, to whose work I have 
already referred, and Mr. Gilchrist received the highest honour the 
scientific world has to bestow — the Fellowship of the Royal Society. 
The introduction of labour-saving machinery in the great Dowlais Works, 
which Mr. Martin directs, marks an era in British metallurgy." 

The Trustees, holding the property of the Institute in trust for 
the Society, have been as follows : — 

John Hartley, 1869-84. George T. Clark, 1880-98. 

H. W. F. BoLCKOW, 1869-78. Sir Henry Bessemer, 1885-98. 

Evan M. Richards, 1809-80. Right Hon. Lonl Wimborne, 1898- 

Sir Joseph W. Pease, Bart., 1878- I 1900. 

1900. i Sir David Dale, Bart., 1898-1900. 

Since the establishment of the Institute there have been but 
three Honorary Treasurers, namely — 

Sir David Dale, Bart., 1869-95. | William Whitwell, 1895-1901. 

William Henry Bleckly, 1901-* 

Since the formation of the Institute, the following gentlemen 
have held the oflSce of Vice-President : — 

Sir LowTHiAN Bell, Bart., F.11.S., Charles Markham, 1880-87. 

1869-72. E. Fisher Smith, 1881-89. 
William Fowler, 1869-76. ; Lord Frederick Cavendish, 1881. 

F. W. KiTSON, 1869-76. Sir James Ramsden, 1882-95. 

William Menelaus, 1869-74. E. Windsor Richards, 1884-92. 

Walter Neilson, 1869-70. William Evans (Bowling). 1884-93. 

John Ramsbottom, 1869-70. Daniel Adamson, 1885-86. 

Josiah Timmis Smith, 1869-80. Edward Pritchard Martin, 
Edward Vickers, 1869-70. . 1887-96. 

Walter Williams, 1869-80. William Jenkins, 1888-94. 

Sir John G. N. Alleyne, Bart., George James Snelus, F.R.S., 

1870-^ 1889-* 

Robert Cassels, 1871-82. William Whitwell, 1890-94. 

Robert Heath, 1871-89. James Riley, 189.S-* 

Edward Williams, 1873-78. Andrew Carnegie, 1895-* 

Richard Fothergill, 1875-79. Arthur Keen, 1895-* 

John Lancaster, 1877-83. Alexander Thielen, 1896. 

Right Hon. Sir Bernhard Samuel- Sir William Thomas Lewis. Bart., 

SON, Bart., F.R.S., 1877-82. 1897-* 

Sir James Kitson, Bart, M.P., Percy C. Gilchrist, 1 898-* 

1879-88. Samuel R. Platt, 1899-* 

John Devonshire Ellis, 1901-* 



* At present in office. 



12 



HISTORY OF THE DBVELOPMENT OF 



Since the formation of the Institute, the following gentlemen 
have served as Members of Council : — 



George Addknbrooke, 1869-72. 
Sir John G. N. Alleyne, Bart., 1869. 
Charles Bagnall, 1869-83. 
George J. Barker, 1869-89. 
Alexander Brogden, 1869-79. 
Wm. Thompson Crawshay, 1869-93. 
Robert Cassels, 1869-70. 
H. O. Firmstone, 1869-70. 
.Richard Fothergill, 1869-74. 
Robert Heath, 1869-70. 
T. E. HoRTON, 1869-77 and 1882-89. 
W. R. INNES Hopkins, 1869-72. 
John Lancaster, 1869-76. 
Edward Williams, 1869-72. 
George Dawes, 1869-73. 
George Wilson, 1869-72. 
William S. Roden, 1871-81. 
Sir Joseph Whit worth, 1871-74. 
Sir C. William Siemens, 1871-76. 
William Daniel Allen, 1873-74. 
E. Fisher Smith, 1873-80. 
James Hunter, 1873-75. 
William Whitwell, 1874-89. 
Daniel Adamson, 1875-84. 
Right Hon. Sir Bernhard Samuel- 

son, Bart., F.R.S., 1875-76. 
Sir James Ramsden, 1875-81. 
Sir James Kitson, Bart.,M.P., 1878. 
William Richardson, 1878-89. 
Henry Robertson, 1878-87. 
Charles Markham, 1879. 
William Jenkins, 1880-87. 
E. Windsor Richards, 1880-83. 
Lord Frederick Cavendish, 1880. 
William Evans (Bowling), 1880-83. 
Edward Pritchard Martin, 

1880-86. 
William Henry Bleckly, 1881-93. 



George James Snelus, F.R.S., 

1881-88. 
Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, 1882-83. 
Percy C. Gilchrist, F.R.S., 1884- 

1898. 
Alfred Hewlett, 1884-93. 
James Riley, 1884-92. 
Lord Edward Cavendish, 1885-89. 
John Cunninghamk, 1885-93. 
Sir Frederick A. Abel, Bart., 

K.C.B., D.C.L., F.R.S., 188i^90. 
Samuel R. Platf, 1888-99. 
John Devonshire Ellis, 1888-1901. 
Benjamin Walker, 1889-90. 
Andrew Carnegie, 1890-94. 
Sir William Roberts - Austen, 

K.C.B., D.C.L., F.R.S,, 1890-96. 
Robert Abbott Hadfield, 1890-* 
Sir William Thomas Lewis, Bart, 

1890-96. 
Alexander Thielen, 1890-95. 
Sir Benjamin Hingley, Bart, 

1891-* 
William Beardmore, 1891-* 
Arthur Keex, 1891-95. 
David Evans, 1893-* 
Victor C. W. Cavendish, M.P., 

1894-* 
Arthur Cooper, 1894-* 
William Evans (Cyfarthfa), 1894-* 
Arthur Tannett Walker, 1894-* 
Francis William Webb, 1895-* 
John Edward Stead, 1895-* 
Sir Alfred Hickman, M.P., 1896-* 
Sir Edward H. Carbutt, Bart., 

1897-* 
Adolphe Greiner, 1897-* 
G i:0Rci K A I ns worth, 1 899-* 



Since the establishment of the Institute there have been but 

three Secretaries : — 

John Jones 1869-77 

James Stephen Jeans . . . 1877-93 

and Bennett H. Brough, who, having acted as Editor of the Foreign 
Abstracts for the Journal since June 12, 1884, was appointed Secre- 
tary on February 24, 1893. 

* At present in office. 



THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 



13 



The Council at the present time is constituted as follows 

President. 

William Whitwell. 



Treasurer. 

Elected on 
Council 

Blecklt, W. H. (Lancashire) Sept. 1881 

Vice-Presidents. 



Allkynk, Sir J. G. N., Bart. (Derbyshire) 

Snelus, G. J. (Cumberland) . 

Rilet, J. (Stockton) 

Carneoik, a. (U.S.A.) . 

Keen, A (Biriuinghaui) 

Lewis, Sir W. T., Bart. (South Wales) 

Gilchrist, P. C. (London) . 

Platt, S. R. (Lancashire) 

Ellis, J. D. (Sheffield) . 



Council. 

Hadfield, R. a. (Sheffield) . 
HiNGLEY, Sir B., Bart. (Staffordshire) 
Beardmore, W. (Glasgow) . 
Evans, D. (Middlesbrough) . 
Cavendish, V. C. W. (London) 
Cooper, A. (Middlesbrough) . 
Evans, W. (South Wales) 
Tannett- Walker, A. T. (Leeds) 
Webb, F. W. (Crewe) . 
Stkad, J. E. (Middlesbrough) 
Hickman, Sir A. (Staffordshire) 
Carbutt, Sir E. H., Bart. (London) 
Greiner, a. (Belgium) . 
AiNSWORTH, G. (Durham) 
While, J. M. (Barrow) . 



Elected Vice- 
President 

April 1894 



Elected on 
Council 

Feb. 1869 
Sept. 1881 
April 1884 
Sept. 1890 
May 1891 
Sept. 1890 
xMay 1884 
Jan. 1888 
Nov. 1888 



Elected 
Trejuiurer 

May 1901 



Elected Vice- 
President 

Sept. 1870 
May 1889 
May 1893 
May 1895 
Aug. 1895 
July 1897 
July 1898 
July 1899 
July 1901 



Elected 
Sept. 1890 
May 1891 
Oct 1891 
May 1893 
AprU 1894 
April 1894 
April 1894 
April 1894 
May 1895 
Aug. 1895 
Feb. 1896 
July 1897 
Aug. 1897 
July 1899 
July 1901 



The Past-Presidents, Sir Lowthian Bell, Bart., Josiah T. Smith, 
Right Hon. Sir Bernhard Samuelson, Bart., Sir James Kitson, Bart., 
Sir F. A. Abel, Bart, E. Windsor Richards, Sir David Dale, Bart, 
£. P. Martin, and Sir William Roberts-Austen, are, ex officio, 
permanent Members of the Council. 



14 



HISTORY OF THE DBVELOPMENT OF 



MEETINGS. 

Since the establishment of the Institute, two General Meetings 
have been held in each year, one of them in London in May, and 
the other, in the Autumn, in such locality as the Council might 
direct. The Autumn Meetings of the Institute have been held in 
the following localities : — 



1869 . 


. Middleabrough-on-Tees. 


1886 . 


. London. 


1870 . 


. Merthyr TydviL 


1887 . 


. Manchester. 


1871 . 


. Dudley. 


1888 . 


. Edinburgh. 


1872 . 


. Glasgow. 


1889 . 


. Paris. 


1873 . 


. Liege. 


1890 . 


. New York. 


1874 . 


. Barrow-in-Furness. 


1891 . 


. London. 


1876 . 


. Manchester. 


1892 . 


. Liverpool. 


1876 . 


. Leeds. 


1893 . 


. Darlington. 


1877 . 


. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. 


1894 . 


. Brussels. 


1878 . 


. Paris. 


1895 . 


. Birmingham. 


1879 . 


. Liverpool. 


1896 . 


. Bilbao. 


1880 . 


. Diisseldorf. 


1897 . 


. Cardiff. 


1881 . 


. London. 


1898 . 


. Stockholm. 


1882 . 


. Vienna. 


1899 . 


. Manchester. 


1883 . 


. Middlesbrough-on-Tees. 


1900 . 


. Paris. 


1884 . 


. Chester. 


1901 . 


. Glasgow. 


1886 . 


. Glasgow. 







The London meetings have almost invariably been held by kind 
permission in the rooms of the Institution of Civil Engineers. 
The meetings of 1869 and 1895 were held at the house of the 
Society of Arts. 

PUSLICATIGNS. 

A periodical Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute is issued 
by the Council at intervals of six months. It contains the 
Minutes of the proceedings of each meeting, with the original 
Papers, and discussions upon them, communicated to the Institute; 
and Notes on the Progress of the Home and Foreign Iron and 
Steel Industries, comprising abstracts of the contents of papers 
relating to iron and steel published in other scientific and technical 
Journals and Transactions. The principal aim of these notes is 
to give the persons interested in such mattei*s a general view 
of what is taking place in the iron and steel industry, and, by 
indicating the sources of information, to enable those who may 
be desirous of fuller information to refer to the originals. 

Certain special volumes have also been published ; the list com- 
prising an Index to the Journal from 1869 to 1881, a subject-matter 



THE IKON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 



15 



Index from 1882 to 1889, a Catalogue of the Library, a special 
volume on the American Iron Trade in 1890, and a brief Index 
of the Papers contained in the Journal of the Institute from 1869 
to 1894, and a Name Index to the Journal from 1869 to 1896. 

The number of papers read before the Institute, and the number 
of pages in the volumes of the Journal from 1869 to 1900, have 
been as follows : — 

Year. 

1869 . 

1870 . 

1871 . 

1872 . 

1873 . 

1874 . 

1875 . 

1876 . 

1877 . 

1878 . 

1879 . 
1880 

1881 . 

1882 . 

1883 . 

1884 . 

1885 . 

1886 . 

1887 . 

1888 . 

1889 . 

1890 . 

Special 

1891 . 

1892 . 

1893 . 

1894 . 

1895 . 

1896 . 

1897 . 

1898 . 

1899 . 

1900 . 



Papers. 


Plates. 


Pages. 


9 


4 


238 


2 


4 


79 


20 


18 


957 


18 


34 


830 


25 


30 


570 


20 


26 


528 


17 


56 


716 


16 


21 


685 


19 


22 


820 


14 


25 


624 


20 


23 


665 


18 


13 


812 


21 


40 


770 


16 


29 


859 


18 


47 


911 


16 


49 


767 


15 


29 


835 


24 


31 


1114 


16 


30 


994 


18 


27 


868 


15 


30 


1022 


York ineetiiig 
aational do. 


[62 


1371 


3 


18 


527 


17 


53 


927 


18 


34 


1176 


20 


43 


1088 


20 


50 


1258 


20 


54 


1252 


20 


63 


1131 


21 


25 


1226 


20 


59 


1230 


20 


36 


1082 


19 


39 


1173 



Total 



681 



1124 



29,105 



The publication of the abstracts of papers published in other 
journals was begun in 1871, under the editorship of David Forbes, 



16 



HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF 



F.R.S., as an attempt to supply, in some measure at least, a long- 
acknowledged deficiency in technical information in this country — 
namely, an account in English of what is being done in the dif- 
ferent bi'anches of the iron and steel manufactures abroad. The 
abstracts for that year covered 50 pages. In 1896 the amount of 
literature had so increased that it was found necessary to devote 
500 pages of the Journal to the abstracts. The number of papws 
relating to iron and steel and kindred subjects published in other 
home and foreign technical joui'nals abstracted during recent years 
has been as follows : — 



Years. 






AbstractB Published. 


1893 1130 


1894 . 








1132 


1895 . 








1201 


1896 








1136 


1897 . 








1422 


1898 








1388 


1899 . 








1337 


1900 


k •> I'lLi^'no /t4-. 


o xiTt\ir*e\ Q V'THS n n 


'£kA n 


1507 



the heads of the various countiies to which they referred, but in 
the first volume of 1886 a subject arrangement was adopted, which 
has been followed ever since, the abstiucts being classified under 
the following heads : — Iron Ores ; Refractory Materials ; Fuel ; 
Production of Pig Iron ; Production of Malleable Iron ; Forge and 
Mill Machinery ; Production of Steel ; Further Treatment of Iron 
and Steel ; Physical Properties ; Chemical Properties ; Chemical 
Analysis ; Statistics ; and Bibliography. 



LIBBABT. 

The Reference Libi-ary of the Iron and Steel Institute includes 
a number of standard works relating to iron and steel, many of 
which were presented by Lady Siemens from the library of Sir C. 
William Siemens, besides a representative collection of British and 
Foreign technical Journals and Ti'ansactions. Many omissions of 
standard works on raotallnrgy have still to be supplied. It is 
hoped that Members will volunteer to repair the more serious of 
these, either by the presentation of books that are missing, or by 
placing at the disposal of the Council the funds necessary for their 
acquisition. 




SIR LOWTHIAN BELL Bari 






• •• < 



I • 




WILLIAM MENELAUS 
l-KEMiiENi [S75-77 




EDWARD WILLIAMS 
I'KBsn.KM- 1S79-S1 




JOSIAH TIMMIS SMITH 
I'REStDKSl 1881-83 




RIGHT HON. SIR BERNHARD SAMUELSON. BART., F.R.S. 
Presii.kst iSSj-Sj 




JOHN PERCY M.D., F.R S. 
Presidem- 1885-87 




DANIEL ADAMSON 
I'kKMi.KM- 1K87.39 




SIR JAMES KITSON, BART.. M P 




SIR FREDERICK A. ABEL Bart, C-C.V.O. KC.E 

pKESiriENT 1891-93 




EDWARD WINDSOR RICHARDS 
I'REsiDENT 1893-95 




SIR DAVID DALE 
PREsiitEST 1B95-97 



\ 



i 

I 




EDWARD PRITCHARD MARTIN 
PjtKSiDKNT 1897-99 



^ 




Prrsidknt 1S99-1901 






^ w «> 
-I. •• 



THE IRON AND STEEIi INSTITUTE. 17 

THE BES8EMEB OOLD MEDAL. 

In 1873 Sir (then Mr.) Henry Bessemer invested the sum of 
£400 in perpetual debentures of the London and North-Western 
Railway, to furnish funds for the annual provision of a Gold Medal, 
to be awarded at each Annual Meeting of the Institute. The 
Council may award the Medal either to Members or non-Members 
of the Institute. The awards are to be — (1) To the inventor or 
introducer of any important or remarkable invention, either in 
the mechanical or chemical processes employed in the manufacture 
of iron or steel; (2) for a Paper read before the Institute, and 
having special merit and importance in connection with the iron 
and steel manufacture ; (3) for a contribution to the Journal of 
the Institute, being an original investigation bearing on the iron 
and steel manufacture, and capable of being productive of valuable 
practical results. The Council may, in their discretion, award the 
Medal in any case not coming strictly under the foregoing defini- 
tions, should they consider that the iron or steel trades have been 
or may be substantially benefited by the person to whom such 
award is made. 

Since the Medal was instituted the awards have been as 
follows : — 



/John Devonshire £llis. 

t Henri Schneider. 

r William Daniel Allen. 



1890. -j^ Hon. Abram S. Hewitt. 

1891. The Right Hon. Lord Arm- 
strong, C.B., F.R.S. 

1892. Arthur Cooper. 



1874. Sir Lo^vTHIAN Bell, Bart., 1888. Daniel Adamson. 

F.R.S. 

1875. Sir C. William Siemens, 

F.R.S. 

1876. Robert Forester Mushet. 

1877. John Percy, M.D., F.R.S. 

1878. Peter, Ritter voN Tunner. 

1879. Peter Cooper. 

1880. Sir Joseph Whit worth, Bart, j 1893. John Fritz. 

1881. William Menklaus. ' 1894. John Gjeks. 

1882. Alexander Lyman Holley. 
/George James Snelus,F.R.S. 

^^^•\ Sidney Gilchrist Thomas. 
/Ed WARD Windsor Richards. 
^°^-\ Edward Pritchard Martin. 

1885. Richard Akerman. 

1886. Edward Williams. 

1887. James Riley. 



1895. Henry ALvrion Howe. 

1896. Hermann Wedding. 

1897. Sir Frederick A Abel, Bart., 
K.C.B., F.R.S. 

1899. Her Majesty Queen Vic- 
toria. 

1900. Henri de Wendel. 

1901. John Edward Stead. 



B 



18 THK IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 

THE OABNEGIE BESEABOH SCHOLARSHIPS. 

A Research Scholarship or Scholarships, of such value as may 
appear expedient to the Council of the Iron and Steel Institute 
from time to time, founded by Mr. Andrew Carnegie (Vice- 
President), who has presented to the Iron and Steel Institute 
sixty-four one-thousand dollar Pittsburg, Bessemer and Lake 
Erie Railroad Company 5 per cent. Debenture Bonds for the pur- 
pose, will be awarded annually, irrespective of sex or nationality, 
on the recommendation of the Council of the Institute. Candi- 
dates, who must be under thirty-five years of age, must apply 
on a special form before the end of April to the Secretary of 
the Institute. 

The object of this scheme of Scholarships is not to facilitate 
ordinary collegiate studies, but to enable students, who have 
passed through a college curriculum or have been trained in 
industrial establishments, to conduct researches in the metallurgy 
of iron and steel and allied subjects, with the view of aiding its 
advance or its application to industry. There is no restriction 
as to the place of research which may be selected, whether 
university, technical school, or works, provided it be properly 
equipped for the prosecution of metallurgical investigations. 

The appointment to a Scholarship shall be for one year, but 
the Council may at their discretion renew the Scholarship for 
a further period. The results of the research shall be com- 
municated to the Iron and Steel Institute in the form of a Paper 
to be submitted to the Annual General Meeting of members, and 
if the Council consider the Paper to be of suflBcient merit, the 
Andrew Carnegie Gold Medal shall be awarded to its author. 
Should the Paper in any year not be of sufficient merit, the 
Medal will not be awarded in that year. 

In 1901 scholarships each of the value of £100 were awarded 
to Dr. Alfred Stansfield, D.Sc. (London), Dr. John Alexander 
Mathews (New York), and Julius Goldberg (Leoben, Austria). 



THE 



ROYAL CHARTER OF INCORPORATION. 



It having been determined that it would be for the advan- 
tage of the Institute to obtain incorporation under a Royal 
Charter, a petition was addressed, on behalf of himself and the 
other members of the Iron and Steel Institute, to Her Majesty 
in Council by Edward Pritchard Martin (President 1897-1899); 
and the Royal Assent having been obtained, the Institute was 
incorporated under the following Charter : — 

CHARTER. 

IDiCtOria by the Grace of God of the United 
Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Queen, 
Defender of the Faith. 

To ALL TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL COME GREETING: — 

Whereas it has been represented to Us that William 
Cavendish, the Seventh Duke of Devonshire (since deceased) : 
Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell, of Northallerton, in the County of 
York, Baronet; Josiah Timmis Smith, of Stratford-on-Avon, 
in the County of Warwick, Esquire ; William Menelaus, of 
Dowlais, in the County of Glamorgan, Esquire (since deceased) ; 
The Right Honourable Sir Bernhard Samuelson, of Banbury, 
in the County of Oxford, Baronet ; Sir James Kitson, of Leeds, 
in the County of York, Baronet, M.P. ; Edward Windsor 
Richards, of Caerleon, in the County of Monmouth, Esquire: 
Sir David Dale, of Darlington, in the County of Durham, 



20 THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 

Baronet; Sir John Gay Newton Alleyne, third Baronet, of 
Belper, in the County of Derby; and others of Our subjects 
did, in the year One thousand eight hundred and sixty- 
nine, form themselves into a Society which is known by the 
name of "The Iron and Steel Institute," having for its 
objects the affording of a means of communication between 
members of the iron and steel trades upon matters bearing 
upon their respective manufactures, excluding all questions 
connected with wages and trade regulations, and the arrange- 
ment of periodical meetings for the purpose of discussing 
practical and scientific subjects bearing upon the manu- 
facture and working of iron and steel, of which Society 
Sir William Chandler Roberts-Austen, K.C.B., is the present 
President : 

And whereas it has been further represented to Us that 
the Society was not constituted for gain, and that neither its 
projectors nor its members derive, nor have derived any 
pecuniary profit from its prosperity. That it has during its 
existence, a period of thirty years, steadily devoted itself to 
the advancement of the knowledge of the metallurgy of iron, 
and contributed substantially and beneficially to the prosperity 
of the country. And that the members comprising the Society 
have been, and are, practically engaged in works where iron 
or steel is produced or worked, or have been and are persons 
of scientific attainments in metallurgy, and that the Society has 
since its formation diligently pursued the objects for which it 
was established by holding half-yearly meetings in London and 
elsewhere, at which matters of great importance and interest 
in the furtherance of these objects have been under discussion. 
And has published fifty-three volumes of Proceedings, forming 
a valuable work of reference on the metallurgy of iron and steel 
and cognate subjects. That distinguished individuals in foreign 
countries have availed themselves of the facilities offered by 
this Society for communicating important scientific and prac- 
tical discoveries made abroad, and that thus a useful inter- 
change of valuable information has been effected. And that 
the Society, out of funds supplied by its members, has expended. 



THE ROYAL CHARTER OF IN(X)RPORATION. 21 

and continues to expend, large sums of money on its proceedings, 
in furthering research, and in the maintenance of its library of 
technical works : 

And whereas it has also been represented to Us that the 
Society is the oldest Institute in Great Britain connected with 
metallurgy, and that the property of the said Society would 
be better secured, its useful operations extended, and at the 
same time a more permanent establishment would be given 
to it among the scientific institutions of the United Kingdom 
of Great Britain and Ireland by the grant of a Royal Charter 
of Incorporation : 

Now KNOW YE that We, taking the premises into Our Royal 
consideration, and being desirous of encouraging a design so 
laudable and salutary, of Our especial grace, certain knowledge 
and mere motion have willed, granted and declared, and do by 
these presents for Us, Our heirs and successors will, grant and 
declare in manner following, that is to say : — 



INCORPORATION. 

1. For the purpose of maintaining, carrying on and extend- 
ing the work and objects aforesaid, the said Sir William Chandler 
Roberts- Austen and such others of Our loving subjects as are 
now members of the said Society, and such others as shall from 
time to time hereafter become members thereof, according to 
such Bye-laws as shall be made as hereinafter mentioned, and 
their successors shall for ever hereafter be by virtue of these 
Presents a body politic and corporate, by the name and style 
of "The Iron and Steel Institute" (hereinafter referred to as 
the Institute), and shall by the same name have perpetual 
succession and a Common Seal, with full power and authority 
to alter, vary, break and render the same at their discretion, 
and by the same name to sue or be sued in every Court 
of Us, Our heirs and successors, and be for ever able and 
capable in law, notwithstanding the statutes of mortmain, 
to acquire, have, take and hold all the real estates, chattels. 



22 THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 

real and personal estate, belonging to or held in trust for the 
Institute, as and when the same shall be lawfully conveyed 
or otherwise assured to the body corporate hereby created; 
and also take, purchase and hold to them and their successors 
any goods, chattels and personal estate or property whatsoever, 
and all real estates and chattels real of whatsoever tenure 
which they or their successors shall think desirable for the 
use or purpose of the Institute, or to be held in connection 
therewith with a view to the future advantage thereof, 
provided that the yearly value of the real estate and 
chattels real so to be acquired and held shall not at any 
time exceed in the whole the sum of £3000 according to 
the annual value thereof at the times when the same shall 
be respectively acquired by the Institute. And they and 
their successors shall, subject to the provisions of these 
presents, be able and capable in law to grant, sell, demise, 
alienate, exchange, mortgage, convey in mortmain or other- 
wise deal with or dispose of all or any of the property, real 
estate and chattels, real or personal property, belonging to 
the Institute, in such maimer as they may think fit, and 
by the name aforesaid to do all other matters incidental or 
appertaining to a body corporate. 

And We do also will, ordain, and declare as follows, that 
is to say : — 

2. There shall be a General Meeting or General Meetings 
of the Members of the Institute, to be held from time to time 
as hereinafter mentioned, and there shall be a Council to 
direct and manage the concerns of the said body politic and 
corporate, and the General Meetings and the Council shall 
have the entire direction and management of the same, 
in the manner and subject to the regulations hereinafter 
mentioned. 

3. There shall be a President, Past-Presidents, a Treasurer, 
Vice-Presidents, and a Secretary or Secretaries of the said 
body politic and corporate, and the Council shall consist of 
the President, Past-Presidents, Treasurer, and Vice-Presidents, 
and not more than twenty nor less than fifteen other Members 
of the Institute. And We do hereby further will and declare 



THE ROYAL CHARTER OF INCORPORATION. 23 

that the said Sir William Chandler Roberts-Austen shall be 
the first President of the said body politic and corporate, and 
the other persons now being the Past-Presidents, Treasurer, 
Vice-Presidents, and other Members of the Council, shall be 
the first Members of the Council of the said body politic and 
corporate, and shall continue such until the election of officers 
shall be made in pursuance of these presents. 

4. It shall be lawful for the Members of the said body politic 
and corporate hereby established to hold a General Meeting once 
in the year or oftener, for the purposes hereinafter mentioned, 
namely, that the President, the Treasurer, Vice-Presidents, and 
other Members of the Council, shall be chosen at such General 
Meeting; and that the General Meetings shall from time to 
time make and establish such bye-laws as they shall deem to 
be useful and necessary for the regulation of the said body 
politic and corporate for the admission of Honorary and 
Foreign Members, and of Members, for the management of 
the estates, goods, and business of the said body politic and 
corporate, for fixing and determining the number of Vice- 
Presidents and the other members of the Council and the 
number of Secretaries as aforesaid, and the time and maimer 
of electing the President, Vice-Presidents, Treasurer, and other 
Members of the Council, and the period of their respective 
continuance in office ; and such bye-laws from time to time 
they shall or may alter, vary, or revoke, and shall or may make 
such new and other bye-laws as they shall think most useful 
and expedient for the said body politic and corporate, so that 
the same be not repugnant to these presents or to the laws 
and statutes of this Our realm, and shall and may also enter 
into any resolution, and make any regulation respecting any 
of the affairs and concerns of the said body politic and cor- 
porate, that shall be thought necessary and proper. 

5. The first such General Meeting as aforesaid for the 
election of Officers shall take place within twelve calendar 
months from the date of these presents, and the present rules 
and regulations of the Institute so far as they are not incon- 
sistent with these presents, shall continue in force until the 
same shall be altered by a General Meeting. 



24 THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 

6. The Council shall have the sole management of the 
mcome and funds of the said body politic and corporate, and 
the appointment of the Secretaries and officers, attendants, 
and servants as shall in the discretion of the Council be 
deemed necessary or useful for the Institute, as also the entire 
management and superintendence of all the other affairs and 
concerns thereof, and shall and may, but not inconsistent with 
or contrary to the provisions of this Our Charter, or any 
existing bye-law or laws, and statutes of this Our realm, do 
all such acts and deeds as shall appear to them necessary or 
essential to be done for the purpose of carrying into effect the 
objects and views of the said body politic and corporate. 

7. The rules and bye-laws to be made by the Institute 
shall not have effect until they have been submitted to and 
allowed by the Lords of Our Council. 

In Witness whereof. We have caused these Our Letters to 
be made Patent Witness Ourself at Westminster the first day 
of November in the sixty- third year of Our reign. 

By Warrant under the Queen's Sign-Manual. 

MUIR MACKENZIE. 




In accordance with the preceding Royal Charter, the 
Members of the Iron and Steel Institute elect, out of their 
own body, a Council by whom the business of the Institute 
is conducted, in conformity with the following bye-laws: — 



BYE-LAWS. 



1. The Society shall be designated ** The Iron and Steel Institute." 

2. The objects of the Institute shall be — 

To afford a means of communication between members of the 
Iron and Steel Trades upon matters bearing upon their 
respective manufactures, excluding all questions connected 
with wages and trade regulations. 

To arrange periodical meetings for the purpose of discussing 
practical and scientific subjects bearing upon the manufacture 
and working of iron and steel. 

Section I. — Oonstitution. 

3. The Institute shall consist of members who shall be more than 
twenty-one years of age, and shall have one or other of the following 
qualifications : — 

(a) Persons practically engaged in works where iron or steel 

is produced or worked. 

(b) Persons of scientific attainments in metallurgy, or specially 

connected with the application of iron and steel. 
It shall be within the province of the Council to elect Honorary 
Members, the number not to exceed twenty. 

Section II. — Election of Members. 

4. A recommendation for admission according to Form A in the 
Appendix shall be forwarded to the General Secretary, and by him be 
laid before the Council. The recommendation shall be in writing, and 
be signed by not fewer than three members. 

5. Such applications for admission as are approved by a majority of 
the Council shall be inserted on a voting list. This voting list shall 
specify the name, occupation, address, and proposers of the candidates, 
and shall be forwarded to the members at least fourteen days previous 
to the next general meeting, when the lists that have been returned to 
the General Secretary shall be opened, only in presence of the members. 



26 THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 

by Scrutineers, to be appointed by the meeting for that purpose. The 

elections shall take place at the general meetings only. 

[Note. — Gentlemen whose proposal forma are passed by the Council after 
the voting UMs have been issued, sfiall he allowed to attend the 
subsequent general meeting ; and if afterwards duly elected members, 
it is understood that their subscription becomes payable in respect of 
the year in which the said meeting is held.] 

6. The election shall take place by ballot, three-fifths of the votes 
recorded being necessary for election. 

7. When the proposed candidate is elected, the General Secretary 
shall give him notice thereof, according to Form B, but his name shall 
not be added to the list of members of the Institute until he shall have 
paid his first annual subscription, and signed the Form C in the 
Appendix. 

8. In the case of non-election, no mention thereof shall be made in 
the minutes, nor any notice given to the unsuccessful candidate. 

Section III. — Officers and Mode of Election. 

9. The officers of the Institute for the management of its affairs shall 
consist of one President, nine Vice-Presidents, fifteen Members of Coun- 
cil, a Secretary or Secretaries, and one Treasurer. All members who have 
filled the office of President of the Institute shall be ex-ojfficio perma- 
nent members of the Council, under the title of Past-Presidents, 

10. The President shall be elected for two years, and shall not be 
eligible for re-election until after an interval ; three Vice-Presidents and 
five Members of the Council, in rotation, shall retire annually, but shall 
be eligible for re-election, unless disqualified by non-attendance during 
the previous year. In addition, those Vice-Presidents and Members of 
Council shall retire who have not attended any meeting of the Council 
or Institute during the previous year, unless such non-attendance has 
been caused by special circumstances, which shall have been duly notified 
to the Council. 

11. Candidates shall be put in nomination at the ordinary general 
meeting preceding the annual meeting, when the Council shall present a 
list specifying which of the number are eligible for re-election. Any 
member shall be then entitled to add names to the list of candidates. 
Members may also nominate candidates for office up to one month 
previous to the annual meeting, the names to be sent to the General 
Secretary. The voting list of the proposed names shall be forwarded to 
the members, and must be returned to the General Secretary previous to 
the election. 




BYE-LAWS. 27 

12. Each member may erase any name or names from the lists, but 
the number of names on the list, after such erasure, must not exceed the 
number to be elected to the respective offices as before enumerated. The 
lists which do not accord with these directions shall be rejected by the 
Scrutineers. The votes for any member who may not be elected as 
President or Vice-President shall count for him as Vice-President or 
other member of the Council. The voting to be conducted in the 
manner specified in Section II. 

13. The Council shall have power to fill up any vacancies that may 
occur during their year of office. 

Section IV. — Duties of Officers. 

14. The President shall be Chairman at all meetings at which he 
shall be present, and in his absence one of the Vice-Presidents. In the 
absence of a Vice-President, the members shall elect a Chairman for that 
meeting. 

15. The Treasurer shall hold in trust the uninvested funds of the 
Institute, which shall be deposited in the name of the Society at a bank 
approved by the Council ; he shall receive all moneys, and shall pay all 
accounts that are properly certified as correct by the Council ; and shall 
present, from time to time, a statement of the Society's accounts. 

16. The General Secretary shall attend all meetings, shall take 
minutes of the proceedings, shall be responsible for the safe custody of 
all papers, books, and other property of the Institute, and, under the 
direction of the Council, shall conduct the general business of the 
Institute. 

Section V. — Meetings. 

17. There shall be at least two general meetings in each year, one of 
which shall be held in London in the Spring, and the other in August or 
September, in such locality as the Council may direct. The meeting in 
the Spring shall be the annual meeting for the election of officers. 

18. Twenty members shall be entitled to call, through the General 
Secretary, a special meeting, the objects thereof to be stated in the 
requisition. The business of such meeting shall be confined to the 
special subjects named in the notice convening the same. 

19. All members shall have notice of, and shall be entitled to attend, 
each meeting of the Institute, and to receive copies of the Institute's 
publications gratuitously. 

20. No alteration of the Rules or Bye-laws shall be made except at 
the annual meeting, and a notice of any proposed alterations shall be 
given at the general meeting to be held in August or September. 



28 THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 

Section YL — SnbscriptioiiB. 

21. The subscription of each member shall be two guineas per annum ; 
and members elected after January Ist, 1870, shall pay an entrance fee 
of two guineas each. Any member whose subscription is not in arrear 
may at any time compound for his subscription for the current year and 
all future years by the payment of thirty guineas. 

22. The subscriptions shall be payable in advance on January 1st in 
each year. Any member whose subscriptions shall be twelve months in 
arrear shall forfeit all the privileges of the Institute ; and the Council, 
after having given due notice, in the form D in the Appendix, shall be 
empowered to remove such name from the lists of the Institute. 

Section YIL — Oommunications of Members. 

23. All communications shall be submitted to the CouncU, and, after 
their approval, shall be read at the general meetings. 

24. All communications made to the Institute shall be the property 
of the Society, and shall be published only in the Transactions of the 
Institute, or by the authority of the Council. 

Section VIII. — Property of the Institute. 

25. All the property of the Institute, other than funds in the hands 
of the Treasurer, shall be held by three Trustees, in trust for the Society. 
The Trustees shall be appointed by the members in general meeting 
assembled ; and in case any vacancy in the Trustees occurs, the same 
shall be filled by election at the next general meeting — the Chairman, in 
all cases, having a second or casting vote. 

26. All books, drawings, communications, models, and the like, shall 
be accessible to all members according to the Bye-laws. The Council 
shall have power to deposit the same in such place or places as may be 
considered most convenient for the members. 

27. Every person desirous of bequeathing to the Institute any personal 
property, is requested to make use of the following form in his will : — " I 
give and bequeath to the Trustees of the Iron and Steel Institute in 
London [here mention the property or sum of money intended to be 
bequeathed] for the use of the Institute." 

Section IX. — Consulting Officers. 

28. The members in general meeting assembled shall have power to 
appoint such consulting officers as may be thought desirable from time 
to time, and may vote them suitable remuneration. 



B7E-LAWS. 29 



Section X. — ^Prizes. 

29. The Society may offer annually a certain sum to be appropriated 
in Prizes or Medals, for Essays on subjects prescribed by the Councili 
for inventions of a specified character, or for improvements in special 
departments of the iron or steel manufactures. A list of the subjects for 
which prizes will be given shall be presented in each Annual Report 



Sectiok XI. — DlBBolntion. 

30. The Institute shall not be broken up unless upon the vote of two- 
thirds of the members present at any general meeting, convened for the 
purpose of considering the dissolution ; and after confirmation by a 
similar vote, at a subsequent meeting, to be held not less than three, or 
more than six months after the first ; and notice of this last meeting 
shall be duly advertised as the Council or a general meeting may advise. 



APPENDIX. 



FORM A. 

Mr. A. B. (address in full), being of the required age, and desirous of 
becoming a member of the Iron and Steel Institute, we, the undersigned, 
from our personal knowledge, do hereby recommend him for election. 

His qualifications are . 



Witness our hands this. day of. 19 



Names of 

Three 
Members, 



30 THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 



FORM B. 

SiR) — I beg to infonn you that on the you were elected 

a member of the Iron and Steel Institute, but, in conformity with the 
Rules, your election cannot be confirmed until the accompanying form be 
returned with your signature, and until your entrance fee and first annual 
subscription (amount £ ) be paid to me. If the first subscrip- 
tion is not received within two months of this date, your election will 
become void. 

I am. Sir, your obedient Servant. 



General Secretary, 



_ _._ day of 19 



FORM C. 



I, the undersigned, being elected a member of the Iron and Steel 
Institute, do hereby agree that I will be governed by the regulations 
of the said Institute, as they are now formed, or as they may be hereafter 
altered ; that I will advance the interests of the Institute as far as may 
be in my power ; provided that, whenever I shall signify in writing to 
the Secretary that I am desirous of withdrawing my name therefrom, I 
shall (after the payment of any arrears which may be due by me at that 
period) be free from this obligation. 

Witness my hand this. _ day of 19 



FORM D. 

Sir, — I am directed to inform you that your subscription to the Iron 

and Steel Institute, amounting to , is in arrear, and that if the 

same be not paid to me on or before the _ day of. 

19 , your name will be removed from the lists of the Institute. 

I am, Sir, your obedient Servant, 

General Secretary, 



LIST OF PAPERS 



CONTATNKl) IN 



THE JOURNAL 



OF THE 



IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE 

ARRANGED CHRONOLOGICALLY 



1869-1900 



Vol. I— 1869. 

Inaugural address of the Duke of Devonshire, 5. 

"The development of heat, and its appropriation in blast-furnaces of 

diflferent dimensions." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 37. 
"A new process for removing silicon from piLj iron." By J. Palmer 

BuDD, 133. 
"Siemens^ regenerative furnace, and its application to reheating furnaces.'* 

By J. T. Smith, 145. 
"The manufacture of rails." By E. Williams, 156. 
"The Siemens- Martin process of manufacturing cast steel." By R. How- 

80N, 172. 

" Improved machinery for rolling rails." By W. ;Menelaus, 187. 

"The producticm and application of combustible gases under pressure." 

By G. H. Benson, 196. 
"A hot-blast firebrick stove." Bv Thomas Whitwell, 206. 



Vol 11—1870. 

" Iron as a material for shipbuilding, and its influence on the commerce 

and armaments of nations." By Sir C. M. Palmer, 43. 
" A method of designing rails." By Thomas Gillott, 69. 



32 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

Vol. ra.— No. I 1871. 

"Geological features of the South Wales coalfield." By William 

Adams, 13. 
^'Pumping aud winding machinery at a pit belonging to Mr. R. T. 

Crawshay, named the Castle Pit" By G. C. Pearcb, 24. 
"The condition of carbon and silicon in iron aud steel." Bv G. J. 

Snelus, 28. 
" Pyrometers." By Sir C. W. Siemens, 50. 
" The efficiency and durability of plain cylindrical boilers." By Jeuemiah 

Head, 56. 
" The production of alloys of iron and manganese, and their application 

to the manufacture of steel." By F. Kohn, 70. 
" Chemical phenomena of iron smelting." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 85. 
Presidential address of Sir Henrt Bessemer, 365. 
Report of committee on the distribution of the iron ores of Great Britain, 

383. 
Report of committee on mechanical puddling, 392. 
" The production of alloys of iron and manganese." By F. Kohn (second 

paper), 400. 
"Modern appliances for reversing rolling-mills." By B. Walker, 417. 
"Description of a new testing machine for metals." By Lewis Olrick, 

429. 
" A covered self -coking blast-furnace." By William Ferrie, 432. 
Discussion on the Sherman process, 452. 

" The iron ores of Antrim." By R Tate and J. S. Holden, 460. 
" The central iron district in Sweden." By David Forbes, 469. 

Vol. IV.— No. n. 1871. 

Iron Ore Committee. Special reports — 

" North Staffordshire." By R. Heath aud J. C. Homer, 1. 
*• Cumberland and Lancashire." By J. T. Smith, 2. 
" South Staffordshire." By G. Addenbrookk and T. Parton, 6. 
" Forest of Dean." By J. T. Woodhouse, 26. 
" Iron ores of Cornwall." By J. T. Woodhouse, 27. 
"Northumberland, Durham, and the North Riding of Yorkshire." 
By John Bkll and John Jones, 33. 

" Spectrum analysis." By Sir H. E. Roscoe, 38. 

*' Description of two new blast-furnaces at Newport Iron Works, Middles- 
brough." By Sir Ber>hard Samuelson, 02. 

•• Chemical phenomena of iron smelting." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 67. 

" The Sherman process." By G. J. Snelus, 181. 

" The Heaton proce-^s." By G. J. Snelus, 185. 

•'The geological features of the Staffordshire coalfield, with special refer- 
ence to the future development of its mineral resources." By Henry 
Johnson, 191. 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 33 

" A description of the Ayresome Iron Works, Middlesbrough, with 

remarks upon the gradual increase iu size of the Cleveland blast- 

furnaces." By John Gjers, 202. 
** Further results from the use of hot-blast firebrick stoves." By Thomas 

Whitwell, 217. 
" Increasing the height of blast-furnaces in the Midland districts." By 

T. W. Plum, 224. 
" Mr. Ferrie's covered self-coking furnace." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 228. 
" The composition of the gases evolved from the Bessemer converter during 

the blow." By G. J. Snelus, 247. 
" Description of Danks' revolving puddling furnace." By Samuel 

Danes, 258. 
" Chemical phenomena of iron smelting." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 277. 

Vol. v.— No. I. 1872. 

" Danks' rotary, puddling- furnace." Introduction, i. Report of commis- 
sioners appointed to report on Danks' rotary furnace in America, iii. 

" Chemical phenomena of iron smelting." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1. 

Proceedings of the puddling committee, 93. 

" Tlie haematite iron ore deposits of Furness." By P. Wurzburger, 135. 

" The Newport puddling furnace." By Jeremiah Head, 220. 

" Report of the Puddling Committee," 237. 

"Supplementary reports on the Danks' puddling process." By G. J. 
Snelub, 246. 

" The commercial aspect of Danks' rotary puddling furnace." By J. A. 
Jones, 278. 

" The practical working of Danks' rotary puddling machine." By John 
Lester, 286. 

" Spencer's revolving converter or puddling machine." By A. Spencer, 
318. 

** The rotary puddling furnace of Messrs. Howson and Thomas." By R. 
HowsoN, 332. 

" Dormoy*8 process of mechanical puddling." By F. A. Paget, 338. 

VoL VI.— No. n. 1872. 

"Geological position and features of the coal and ironstone bearing 

strata of the West of Scotland." By James Geikie, 8. 
" The rise and progress of the iron manufacture in Scotland." By John 

Mater, 28. 
** Napier's differential friction gear for reversing rolling-mills." By R. D. 

Napier, 43. 
** Reversing rolling-mills." By G. Stevenson, 47. 
'^ A new miner's safety -lamp, for indicating by sound the presence of 

explosive mixtures of gas and air, based on a new form of singing 

flame." By A. K. Irvine, 76. 

C 



34 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

* The rise and progress of iron shipbuilding on the Clyde." By D. 

BOWAN, 78. 
'' LoUth's patent three-high plate and sheet rolls." By B. L. LoOth, 86. 
** Further improyements in Spencer's revolving puddling machine." By 

A. Spsnger, 96. 
"The westward development of the iron manufacture in the United 

States." By T. Quildford Smith, 102. 
" Cteneration of heat during the Bessemer process." By R. Akbbmam, 110. 
" Utilisation of blast-furnace slag." By J. J. Bodmer, 134. 
Dud Dudley's " Mettallum Martis," 215. 

Wrightson's patent hydraulic apparatus for lowering charges into blast- 
furnaces, 236. 
" The gases evolved from pig iron, steel, and wrought iron, and coke 

on heating in vacuo^ and the estimation of carbon in the same." 

By John Parrt, 238. 
" The estimation of phosphorus in cast and wrought iron, steel, and 

iron ore." By John Parrt, 248. 
" The reduction of pure anhydrous sesquioxide of iron with pure carbon 

in vacuo." By John Parrt, 251. 
"The working of blast-furnaces with raw coal at Gleiwitz, in Upper 

Silesia." By H. Wedding, 295. 
Report of the Belgian Commission on the working of Danks' rotary 

puddling furnace, 311. 
" The fossil iron ore of Southern Pennsylvania." By B. Sillihan, 334. 

Vol Vn.— 1873. 

Presidential address in London of Sir Lowthian Bell, 11. 

" The manuracture of iron and steel by direct procesB." By Sir C. W. 

Siemens, 37. 
"The combustion of powdered fuel in revolving furnaces, and its 

application to heating and puddling purposes." By T. R Cramfton, 

91. 
"A new method of [preventing shock in reversing rolling-mills." By 

Jeremiah Head, 117. 
'*An important system of transmission (Miiller's wire-rope railway)." 

By H. M. Morrison, 130. 
" Qreener and Ellis's patent oxide dry bottoms for mill furnaces." By 

T. Qreener, 135. 
"The recent boiler explosion at the Linthorpe Iron Works, Middles- 
brough." By Jeremiah Head, 161. 
" A new mode of casting steel ingots." By H. D. Healet, 183. 
" The utilisation of slag." By Charles Wood, 186. 
Presidential address at Li^ge of Sir Lowthian BELii, 256. 
Reply to Presidential address. By M. Trasenster, 269. 
" Belgian minerals — geological review." By Renier Malhbrbr, 277. 
" The oolitic iron ores of Luxemburg and Lorraine." By A. Habets, 285. 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 35 
^ Buttgenbach's system of constructing blast-furnaces." By Franz 

BUTTOENBAOH, 310. 

'*T£e economical preparation of iron for the Danks' puddling furnace." 

By Charles Wood, 327. • 

" Notes on the Belgian coke manufacture." By AuQ. Gillon, 339. 
'* Statistics of the manufacturing and commercial movement (»r coke in 

Belgium." By Max Qoebel, 360. 
" Winding and other appliances for coal-mining." By William Kamp, 357. 
** The diamond rock-boring drill." By Major Beaumont, 373. 
"The rise and progress of the iron and steel industries in Belgium." 

By JuLiEN Deby, 391. 
'*The rationale of the combustion of gases considered in relation to an 

increased supply of heat." By Charles Boutmy, 399. 
" Summary of a statement entitled, Studies relative to the improvements 

whereof the construction of metal ways is susceptible." By D. 

SoiONiE, 402. 
"Phosphoric bronze and its principal industrial uses." By C. Monte- 

FiORB Levi, 408. 
" The close-laid boilers of M. Paul Havrez." By Jules Havrez, 414. 
" Communication relative to converting pig iron into steel by Berard*s 

process." By Aristide Bbrard, 428. 
" Qases occluded in pig iron, steel, and wrought iron." By John Parrt, 

429. 
•* The value of superheated blast in the working of blast-furnaces." By 

Peter von Tunner, 433. 

Vol. Vin.— 1874. 

Presidential address of Sir Lowthian Bell, 18. 

" The shaping and finishing of iron and other metals by solid emery 

wheels, and the machinery specially designed for such purpose." By 

Arthur Pte-Smith, 59. 
** The manufacture and use of spiegeleisen." By George J. Snelus, 68. 
" The absorption of hydrogen by grey pig iron ; also on the probable 

absorption of zinc, cobalt, cadmium, bismuth, and magnesium by 

grey pig iron heated in vacuo in vapours of the same." By John 

Parry, 92. 
"The condition in which silicon exists in pig iron." By E. Handfield 

Morton, 102. 
"The iron ores of Lake Champlain, United States of America." By 

Qeorob W. Maynard, 109. 
" Berryman's feed water heater." By Robert Berryman, 137. 
" The Pemot rotary furnace for the puddling of iron and the manufaicture 

of cast steel." By Jules Petin, 143. 
" The distribution of spathic iron ore." By Charles Smith, 157. 
"Power couplings for rolling-mills and other machinery." By F. H. 

Vablxt and Edward Furness, 166. 



86 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

" The geology of the North Lancashire and Cumberland iron ore districta." 

By P. WOrzburobr, 287. 
" The Rampside boring near Barrow." By A. Broqdrn, 300. 
" The ih)n ores of Sweden." By Charles Smith, 310. 
" Ironstone mining in Cleveland.'' By A. L. Steavknbon, 329. 
"A new form of waggon drop for blast-furnaces." By Sir T. Wriqhtson, 338. 
" Valves suitable for working liydraulic machinery." By Robert 

LtJTHT, 341. 
" American rolling-mills." By Alexander L. Hollet, 348. 
" Setting Bessemer converter bottoms." By Alexander L. Hollet, 368. 
** Description of the latest improvements in appliances for the manufacture 

of Bessemer steel." By B. Walker, 374. 
" Crampton's revolving furnace and its products." By T. R. Crampton, 

384. 

VoL IX.— 1876. 

Presidential address of William Menelaus, 16. 
" Iron ores considered in their geological relations." By Sir Warington 

W. Smyth, 43. 
Experiments to illustrate Sir John Alleyne's paper, " On the estimation of 

small quantities of phosphorus by spectrum analysis," 59. 
"The estimati<m of small quantities of phosphorus in iron and st<*el by 

spectrum analysis." By Sir John G. N. Alleynb, 62. 
" Notes of a visit to coal and iron mines and ironworks in the Unite<l 

States." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 80. 
"The sum of heat utilised in smelting Cleveland ironstone." By Sir 

L0WTHIA.N Bell, 155. 
" A brief account of an underground fire in the Wynnstay Colliery, 

Ruabon, and the measures adopted to extinguish it, and to re-enter 

the workings." By Georoe Thomson, 172. 
" The manufacture of Bessemer steel in Belj;ium." By Julian Debt, 194. 
" The Howard boiler." By David Joy, 220. 
"High -pressure steam generally, and its application to quadruple 

engines." By Daniel Adamson, 360. 
" The use of caustic lime in the blast-furnace.*' By Sir Lowthian Bkll, 

400. 
" On the designing' of ingot moulds for steel rail ingots." By William 

Hackney, 414. 
" Further improvement* in blast-furnace hearths," By Charles Wood, 

427. 
** Price^s patent retort furnace." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 451. 
" Fireclay and other refractory materials." By GKomiE J. Snelds, 513. 
" Note on the manufacture of anthracite coke in South Wales." Bv 

William Hacknky, 52.3. 
"The North Stiiffordshire coalfield, with the ironstones contained therein." 

By Charles J. Homer, 540. 
"The strength of rail joints." By C. P. Sandberg, 574, 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 37 

VoL X.— 1876. 

" The use of molten iron direct from the bhLst-furnace for Bessemer pur- 
poses." By J. T. Smith, 12. 
**The uses of ferro-manganese." By F. Gautikr, 43. 
"The Ferroux rock-drill and air compressor." By H. W. Pendrkd, 

77. 
** Carbon and other deposits from the gases of hlast-furnaces in Cleveland." 

By John Pattinson, 85. 
Adjouriie<l discussion on K. Qautier's paper, "The uses of ferro-man- 

ganese," 101. 
Adjourned discussion on John Pattinson's paper, 105. 
"The Casson-Dormoy puddling furnace." By E. Fisher Smith, 109. 
"Overcoming steep gradients on railways." By H. Handyside, 144. 
" Notes on iron ore deposits at Naeverhau^en, near Budoe, Norway." By 

Thorsten Nordenfelt, 149. 
" Improved casting arrangements for the Siemens-Martin process." By 

Michael Scott, 156. 
"Notes on the Yorkshire coalfield." By A. H. Green, 305. 
"The Frodingham ironfield, North Lincolnshire." By George Dovb, 

Jun., 318. 
"Technical education in connection with the iron trade." By John 

Jones, 342. 
" Welding iron." By Richard IIowson, 357. 
"Puddling in ordinary and rotary furnaces." l>y H. Kikk, 367. 
Discussion on R. Howson's and II. Kirk's papers, 395. 
Discussion on J. T. Smith's paper, '*The nse of molten iron direct Irom the 

blast-furnace for Bessemer purjioses," 420. 
" The hydraulic forging and stamping of malleable iron on the * Systeme 

Hasweir of Vienna." By J. O. Butler, 428. 
"The straightening and planishing of round bars, as practisid by patent 

machines at Kirkstall Forge, Leeds." By Edmund Butler, 

449. 
"The utilisation of blast-furnace slag with its heat lor the manufacture 

of glass." By Bashley Britten, 453. 

Vol. XL— 1877. 

Presidential address of Sir C. W. Siemens, 6. 

"Solid steel castings." By Ferdinand Gautier, 40. 

"The estimation of manganese in spiegeleisen, and of manganese and 

iron in manganiferous iron ores." By Edward Riley, 52. 
"Chromium pig iron made by the Tasmanian Iron Company." By 

Edward Riley, 104. 
"The separation of carbon, silicon, sulphur, and phosphorus in the 

refining and puddling furnace, and in the Bessemer converter." By 

Sir LowTHiAN Bell, 108. 



38 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

" Puddling in ordinary and rotary fumacea." By Hsnbt Kirk, 140. 

"WehJing." By Richard Howson, 152. 

** Chaudron's method of shaft-sinking through water-bearing strata with- 
out pumping, and the results obtained by it" By Henrt Simon, 
187. 

^Iron versus wooden cross-sleepers for railroads." By J. L. Wetxes, 
203. 

^The separation of carbon, silicon, sulphur, and phosphorus in the 
refining and puddling furnace, and in the Bessemer converter ; with 
some remarks on the manufacture and durability of railway bars." 
By Sir Lowthian Bbll, Part XL, 322. 

''Some further remarks regarding the production of iron and steel by 
direct procesi*." By Sir C. W. Siemens, 346. 

''Experiments with the new artillery made from steel without blow- 
holes." By F. Gadtier, 396. 

"The coke manufacture of South Durham in relation to the iron and 
steel trades of the North of England." By A. L. Steavxnson, 403. 

"Mechanical puddling." By R. Howson, 416. 

"Improvements in Belgian three-high rolling-mills." By Alp. Thomas, 
439. 

" The progress of the slag industries during the last four years." By 
Charles Wood, 443. 

"The protection from atmospheric action which is imparted to metal 
by a coating of certain of their own oxides respectively." By John 
Perot, 456. 

" The cause of the blisters on blister steel." By John Percy, 460. 

"The geological and other features of the Great NurUiem coalfield." 
By G. C. Greenwell, 463. 



Vol XIL— No. I. 1878. 

" The separation of phosphorus from pig iron." By Sir L. Bell, 17. 

" Some recent improvements in the manufacture of iron sponge by the 

Blair process." By J. Ireland, 47. 
" Steel-casting apparatus." By Michael Scott, 60. 
" Improvements in Belgian three-high roUing-milLs." Discussion, 69. 
" Statistics respecting the production and depreciation of rails, and notes 

on the application of wrought iron and steel to permanent ways, with 

a description of a new kind of railway sleeper and dip-chair." By 

Charles Wood, 74. 
"The manufacture of Bessemer steel and steel rails at the works of 

Messrs. Brown, Bayley & Dixon (Limited), Sheffield." By C. B. 

Holland, 104. 
" Blister steel." By John Percy, 116. 
" Railway joints." By C. H. Halcomb, 138. 
" Improvements in blast-furnace water-cooled tuyeres." By T. W. 

Plum, 299. 



THE JOURNAL OP THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 39 



Vol Xra.— No. IL 1878. 

PresideDtial address of Sir C. W. Siemens, 307. 

" Notes on the resources of the iron manufacture in France." By S. 

Jordan, 316. 
''The most recent advances in the manufacture of iron and steel, as 

illustrated by the Paris Exliibition." By Richard Akerman, 359. 
"The mechanical and other properties of iron and mild steel." By 

Daniel Adambon, 383. 
" Certain matters affecting the use of steeL" By Ernest March^, 404. 
** Punsard's Fornoconvertisseur for the manufacture of steel." By J. 

Sylvain P^riss^, 459. 

VoL XIV.— No. L 1879. 

Presidential address of Edward Williams, 8. 

"The mechanical properties of iron and mild steel." By Daniel 

Adambon (second paper), 30. 
"The use of steel in the construction of bridges." By H. N. Maynard, 

39. 
" The use of steel in naval construction." By Nathaniel Barnaby, 45. 
"The elimination of phosphorus." By Sidney G. Thomas and Perot 

C. Gilchrist, 120. 
" The removal of phosphorus and sulphur during the Bessemer and 

Siemens-Martin processes of steel manufacture." By G. J. Snelub, 

135. 
"A ready means of moulding lime, and making lime or basic bricks, 

and linings for furnaces, converters, &c." By Edward Riley, 144. 
" Dephosphorisation in the Bessemer converter by the method of re- 
pouring." By Harmet, 150. 
" A new volumetric method of determining manganese in manganiferous 

iron ores, spiegeleisen, steel, &c." By John Pattinson, 209. 
The chemistry of puddling." By H. Louis, 219. 



« 



VoL XV.— No. IL 1879. 

" The dephosphorisation of iron and steel." By A. Pourcel, 341. 

^ The neutralisation of phosphorus in steel and steel-like metals." By 

Richard Brown, 355. 
"The progress of iron and steel as constructive materials." By J. A. 

PiOTON, 387. 
" Some physical changes occurring in iron and steel at high temperatures." 

By Sir Thomas Wrightson, 418. 
" The manufacture of large forgings, and the materials suitable for the 

same." By G. Ratliffb, 449. 
" The consolidation of fluid steel." By Alfred Davis, 476. 
" Preliminary experiments to determine the existence of nitrogen in steel." 

By Alfrkd H. Allen, 480. 



40 LIST OP PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

"The wrought iron permanent way laid upon the North-Eastem 

Railway." By C. Wood, 491. 
" The application of toughened glass to permanent ways." By C. Wood, 

497. 
" Hardening iron and steel : its causes and effects." By Richard 

Akerman, 604. 

VoL XVI— No. L 1880. 

" Some physical changes occurring in iron and steel at high tempera- 
tures." By Sir Thomas Wrightson (second paper), 11. 

"The dephosphorisation of iron in the Bessemer converter." By R 
Pink, 57. 

"An improved apparatus designed for the analysis of blast-furnace and 
other gases." By J. E. Stead, 68. 

"The manufacture of Bessemer steel and ingot iron from phosphoric 
pig." By C. B. Holland and A. Cooper, 79. 

" Reactions in the open-hearth process," By Arthur Willis, 89. 

"An improved system for the utilisation of by-products in the manu- 
facture of coke." By Henry Simon, 137. 

" The application of the spectroscope to the analysis of iron and steel." 
By John Parrt and Alexander E. Tucker, 163. 

" Further experiments on the existence of nitrogen in iron and steel." By 
Alfred H. Allen, 181. 

" Report on the results obtained by testing steel rails at natural and at 
artificially lowered temperatures." By Demetrius Jouraffsky, 192. 

"The separation of silica in the anidysis of limestones, iron ores, and 
other minerals." By H. Rocholl, 201. 



Vol. XVn.— No. n. 1880. 

Presidential address of Edward Williams, 434. 

"The iron industry of Germany." By Hermann Wedding, 451. 

" Dephosphorising in the converter." By J. Massenez, 476. 

" The results obtained with various systems of iron permanent way in 

Prussia," By E. Gruttefien, 488. 
" Pig iron making in Germany." By J. Sen link, 528. 
"Gas-generating furnaces." By F. Lurmann, 575. 
"The coal industry of the Lower Rhine and of Westphalia." By 

Gustav Natorp, 588. 
" Caspersson's converter-ladle." By R. Akerman, 599. 

Vol. XVm.— No. I 1881. 

Presidential address of J. T. Smith, 12. 

" The relative corrosion of iron and steel." 15v William Parker, 39. 

" The economical advantages of steel shipbuilding." By W. Denny, 54. 



THE JOURNAL OF TIIE IBON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 41 

" The manufacture of steel and steel plates in Russia." By Srroiub Kern, 80. 
"Experiments made to deteruiine certain physical properties of cast 

irun." By Charles Markham, 84. 
" Iron and steel permanent way." By R. Price- Willi a MS, 108. 
**The manufacture of Bessemer steel and steel rails in the United 

States." By W. R. Jones, 129. 
" Hydraulic machinery for steelworks." By Michael Scott, 146. 
"The preservation and ornamentation of iron and steel surfaces." By 

Qeoroe Bower, 166. 
'* Hydrogen and carbonic oxide in iron and st«el." By John Parry, 183. 
** A new method for the determination of oxygen in iron and steel." By 

Alexander E. Tucker, 205. 

VoL XIX.— No. n. 1881. 

'*The manufacture of Bessemer steel and steel rails in the United 
States." By W. R. Jones. Supplementary paper, .370. 

*'The use of a mechanical agitator in the manufacture of Bessemer 
steel." By W. D. Allen, 373. 

"The distribution of elements in steel ingots." By Q. J. Snelus, 379. 

"The basic Bessemer process.** By Paul Kupklwieskr, 397. 

"A note on current dephosphorising practice." By Sidney Qilchrist 
Thomas and Pkrcy (Jarlyle GiiiCHRisT, 407. 

•* The metallurgy and manufacture of modern British ordnance." By 
E. Maitland, 424. 

" The application of solid steel to the manufacture of small anns, projectiles, 
and ordnance." By Ferdinand Qautier, 452. 

"The application of wrought iron and steel to the manufacture of gun- 
carriages." By H. J. Butter, 462. 

" The manufacture of projectiles." By J. Davidson, 473. 

" The occlusion or absorption of gaseous matter by fused silicates at high 
tempemtures, and its ])08sible connection with volcanic agency." By 
Sir Lowthian Bell, 532. 

Vol. XX.— No. L 1882. 

"Certain physical tests and properties of *niild* steel." By Edward 
Richards, U. 

"A new method of mining coal." By Paget Mosley, 53. 

" The iron ore district of Bilbao." By William Gill, 63. 

"The use of lignite or brown coal in the blast-furnace." By Peter 
VON Tcnner, 96. 

"The mutual relations of carbon and iron in steel." By Georqk E. 
Woodcock, 105. 

"The consumption and economy of fuel in the iron and steel manu- 
facture." By J. S. Jeans, 128. 

"Description of drawings and models of machinery, &c., in use at and 
connected with the Orconera mines." By J. P. Rob, 181. 



42 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINRD IN 

Vol XXL— No. U 1882. 

" The iron industry of Styria and Carinthia." By Peter von Tum neb, 426. 

" The iron industry of Hungary." By A. von Kerpblt, 436. 

** The manufacture of steel with brown coal at Teplitz (Bohemia).'' By 

K Wittgenbtbin and A. Kurzwbrnhart, 451. 
"The Royal Prussian institutes for testing iron and steel at Berlin." 

By Hermann Wedding, 464. 
** Notes on the manufacture of solid steel castings." By A. Pourcel, 509. 
'* Comparative blast-furnace practice." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 534. 
** The successful rolling of steel ingots with their own initial heat by 

means of the soaking pit process." By John Qjeus, 565. 
''The chemical composition and testing of steel rails." By G. J. 

Snblus (Discussion, 1883, i. p. 30), 582. 
" A hot-blast firebrick stove." By Thomas Massicks, 602. 

VoL ZZn.— No. I. 1883. 

Presidential address of Sir Bern hard Samuelson, 8. 

" The use of steel castings in lieu of iron and steel forgings for ship and 

marine engine construction." By William Parker, 56. 
"Bessemer steel in its cast and unwrought state." By W. D. Allen, 70. 
"A comparison of the working of a blast-furnace with blast varying 

in temperature from 990 degrees Fahr. to 1414 degrees Fahr." By 

W. Hawdon, 101. 
"The value of successive additions to the temperature of the air used 

in smelting iron." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 119. 
"The Northampton iron ore district." By W. H. Butlin, 188. 
" A new method for the estimation of minute quantities of carbon, and 

a new form of chromometer." By J. £. Stead, 213. 
"The production and utilisation of gaseous fuel in the iron manu- 
facture." By W. S. Sutherland, 222. 
"The tin-plate manufacture." By Ernest Trubshaw, 252. 
"American anthracite blast-furnaces." By J. M. Hartman, 261. 
" Improvements in railway and tramway plant." By Albert Riche, 269. 
"The coal- washing machinery employed by the 'Bochumer Verein.'*' 

By Fritz Baabe, 274. 

Vol XXm.— No.il 1883. 

" The manufacture of coke on the Simon-Carv^ system." By R. Dixon, 494. 
" The Jameson system of coke manufacture." By J. Jameson, 504. 
"Different systems of hydraulic cranes for Bessemer steel works." By 

R. M. Daelen, 552. 
" A new form of centre crane for Bessemer plant." By Sir T. Wrightson, 

558. 
"Recent improvements in the Cowper hot-blast firebrick stove." By 

E. A. CowPBR, 576. 
" Blast-furnace economy in relation to design." By R. Howbon, 585. 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 43 



Vol. XXIV.— No. I. 1884. 

*• The ufle of raw coal in the bla«t-fumace." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 13. 
^'Gas puddling and heating furnaces, with special reference to the 

Casson-Bicheroux system." By R. Smith- Casson, 60. 
''The most recent results obtained in the application and utilisation 

of gaseous fuel." By W. S. Sutherland, 72. 
** Iron and steel permanent way.*' By Walter R. Browne, 88. 
" The behaviour of armour of different kinds under fire." By C. Orde- 

Browne, 116. 
"Recent improvements in iron and steel shipbuilding." By William 

John, 138. 
*' Improvements in apparatus for gas analysis." By J. E. Stead, 183. 

Vol. XXV.— No. IL 1884. 

"The geology of Cheshire." By Aubrey Strahan, 362. 

•*The manufacture of crucible cast steel." By Henry Seebohm, 372. 

"The North-Eastem Steel Company's Works and their products." By 
Arthur Cooper, 407. 

" A new method of heating the regenerative gas furnace." By Frederick 
Siemens, 434. 

"Recent improvements in the method of manufacture of open-hearth 
steel." By James Riley, 443. 

" A new form of regenerative furnace." By F. W. Dick, 453. 

"The recovery of by-products from coal, with special reference to the 
coke and iron industries." By Watson Smith, 486. 

"The most recent results obtained in Germany in utilising the by- 
products from Hoffmann coke ovens." By C. Otto, 517. 

" The spectroscopic examination of the vapours evolved on heating iron, 
&c., at atmospheric pressure." By John Parry, 536. 

VoL XXVI.— No. I 1886. 

Presidential address of John Percy, 8. 

"The blast-furnace value of coke, from which the products of distilla- 
tion from the coal, used in its manufacture, have been collected." By 
Sir Lowthian Bell, 57. 

"Recent results with regard to by-products in coking coal in the Simon- 
Carves coke ovens." By Watson Smith, 102. 

"Recent results and further development of the Simon-Carv^ coking 
process (utilisation of by-products)." By H. Simon, 108. 

" Note with reference to the methods proposed for coking coal and recover- 
ing volatile matters." By H. £. Armstrong, 120. 

"A modified form of the Siemens old-type gas producer, by means of 
which the gases are enriched and the by-products may be recovered." 
By John Head, 126. 



44 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

"Natural gas fuel aud its application to manufacturing purposes." By 
Andrew Carnbgib, 168. 

"The properties of malleable iron deduced from its microscopic struc- 
ture." By Hermann Wedding, 187. 



VoL xxvn.— No. n. isss. 

" The iron trade of Scotland." By F. J. Rowan, 376. 

" The rise and progress of the Scotch steel trade." By Jambs Riley, 394. 

" The present position and prospects of processes for the recovery of tar 

and ammonia from blast-furnaces." By William Jonks, 410. 
** A new form of cupola furnace." By James Rilet, 448. 
"The value of silicon pij; to the ironfouiider." By Charlkb Wood, 464. 
** Notes on steel shipbuilding." By J. H. Biles, 478. 
** The Forth Bridge." By Sir Benjamin Baker, 491. 



Vol XXVni.— No. I. 1886. 

" The origin and progress of the manufacture of tin plates." By Philip 

W. Flower, 36. 
" Steel wire of high tenacity." By John Percy, 62. 
** Certain accessory products of blast-furnaces." By Thomas Blair, 81. 
" Note on a rare blast-furnace slag of the composition of gehlenite." By 

H. Bauerman, 88. 
" Blow-holes in open-hearth steel." By John Head, 99, 
"Wrought iron conduit pipes." By Hamilton Smith, Jun., 133. 
" The application of very high powers to the study of the microscopical 

structure of steel." By H. C. Sorby, 140. 
" The endurance of steel rails." By F. W. Wkbb, 148. 
" Neutral linings for metallurgical furnaces." By Ferdinand Gautier, 

151. 
" The constituents of cast iron." By Thomas Turner, 163. 
" Certain descriptions of Indian castings." By C. Purdon Clarke, 200. 
" Experiments made with steel rails in Russia." By M. Beck-Guerhard, 

204. 
" Krupp's hot-blast pyrometer." By A. von Bergen, 207. 



Vol. XXIX.— No. II. 1886. 

"The erosion of gun-barrels by powder products." By Sir F. A. Abel 

and E. Maitland, 465. 
" The iron-making resources of our Colonies, as illustrated by the Colonial 

and Indian Exhibition." By P. C. Gilchuist and Edward Riley, 

497. 
" Some early forms of Bessemer converters." By Sir Henry Bessemer, 

638. 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 46 

*' Modifications of Beasemer converterB for small charges.'' By John 

Hardistt, 651. 
"Combustion, with special reference to practical requirements." By 

Frederick Sikmens, 685. 
"The removal of metalloitls in the basic Siemens furnace." By F. W. 

Harbord, 700. 
" The castinfi; of chains in solid steel." By F. Gautier, 727. 
"The process employed in casting brass chain;) at Jeypore, Rdjputana." 

By T. H. Hrndlet and C. Pdrdon Clarke, 738. 
" Silicon in foundry iron." By F. Gautier, 743. 
"The chemical comf)Osition and mechanical properties of chrome pig 

iron and steel." By H. A. Brustlein, 770. 
" American blast-funiace practice, with special reference to the works of 

the South Chicago Iron and Steel Company." By F. W. Gordon, 

779. 

VoL XXX.— No. L 1887. 

Presidential address of Daniel Adamson, 8. 

"The new steelworks at Terni, near Rome." By Sir Bernhard 

Samuelson, 31. 
" Patent composite steel and iron." By George Allan, 42. 
" The electro-deposition of iron." By Sir W. Chandler Roberts-Austen, 

71. 
" Notes on the construction and cost of blast-furnaces in the Cleveland 

district in 1887." By Sir Bernhard Samuelson, 91. 
" Some investigations as to the effects of different methods of treatment 

of mild steel in the manufacture of ])lateB." By James Rilet, 121. 
" The South Chicago Works of the North Chicago Rolling Mill Com- 
pany." By E. C. Potter, 163. 
" The production of silica from cast iron." By Thomas Turner, 203. 
"The utilisation of basic slag for agricultural purposes." By Percy 

C. Gilchrist, 212. 
" Basic slag : its formation, constitution, and application, with special 

reference to crystals found therein." By J. E. Stead and C. H. 

Ridsdale, 222. 
"The microscopical structure of iron and steel." By H. C. Sorby, 255. 
"The use of the magnetic needle in exploring for iron ore." By 

Bennett H. Brough, 289. 

Vol. XXXL— No. n. 1887. 

Presidential address of Daniel Adamson, 13. 

" Metallurgical and mechanical progress, as illustrated at the Manchester 

Exhibition." By Thomas Ashbury, 22. 
" The reduction of iron ore in the blast-furnace." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 74. 
"The basic open-hearth process." By J. W. Waileb, 119. 
" Electric lighting in works and factories." By J. A. Fleming, 162. 



46 U8T OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

VoL ZZXn.— No. L 1888. 

Presidential address of Danirl Adamson, 13. 

*' Silicon and suiphur in cast iron." By Thomas Turner, 28. 

*' The melting in cupola furnaces of wrought iron or steel scrap mixed 

with ferro-silicon." By Ferdinand Gautier, 58. 
''An imperfection in mild steel plates considered chemically." By 

Herbert Eocles, 70. 
*' Water-gas as used for metallurgical purposes.** By Alfred Wilson, 86. 
" Continuous moulding machinery at the works of M. Godin, at Guise, 

France.*' By James Johnston, 108. 
''The manufacture and treatment of steel for field-guns." By Col. L. 

CUBILLO, 123. 

'* Steel castings for the manufacture of guns." By CoL L. Cubillo, 161. 
"The behaviour of arsenic in ores and metal during smelting and 

purification processes." By J. Pattinson and J. E. Stead, 171. 
" The effect of arsenic on mild steel." By F. W. Harbord and A. E. 

Tucker, 183. 
" A new instrument for the measurement of colour, more especially as 

applied to the estimation of carbon in steel." By H. Lb Neve 

Foster, 197. 

Vol xxxni— No. U. 188a 

"A horizontal compound lever- testing machine of 15,000 powers, with 
further recording lev.er of 150,000 powers.** By Daniel Adamson, 12. 

" Manganese steel.** By R. A. Hadfibld, 41. 

" The Forth Bridge." By F. E. Cooper, 83. 

" Description of a new air-pyrometer.** By J. Wiborgh, 110. 

" The chemical processes involved in the rusting of iron." By A. Cbum 
Brown, 129. 

"The mining and metallurgical exhibits at the Glasgow International 
Exhibition." By W. J. Millar, 137. 

"The oil-shales of the Lothians.** By H. M. Cadell, 150. 

VoL XXXIV.— Na L 1889. 

Presidential address of Sir Jambs Kitson, 13. 

" Alloys of nickel and steel." By James Rilet, 45. 

" The manufacture of basic open-hearth steel." By J. H. Darbt, 78. 

" The progress made in the German iron industry since tlie year 1880." 

By E. Schroedter, 112. 
'*The influence of copper on the tensile strength of steel." By E. J. 

Ball and A. Wingham, 123. 
** Universal rolling-mills for the rolling of girders and cruciform 

sections." By Hugo Sack, 132. 
** The application of thermal chemistry to metallurgical reactions." By 

A. Pourcel, 152. 
" The Thomasset testing machine." By F. Gautier, 184. 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 47 



VoL XXXV.— No. n. 1889. 

" Notes on the iron and steel manufacture in France, and as illustrated 
by the French exhibits at Paris." By S. Jordan, 10. 

**The pro|>o8ed Channel Bridge." By Schneider & Co. and H. 
Hersent, 40. 

" Gaseous fuel" By Sir Lowthian Bell, 139. 

" The Thomson electric welding process." By W. C. Fish, 206. 

** Alloys of iron and silicon." By R. A. Hadpield, 222. 

" A new form of Siemens furnace." By John Head and P. Podff, 266. 

"'ITie Roberts- Bessemer steel process." By F. Lynwood Garrison, 266. 

Vol. XXXVI— No. L 1890. 

''Abstract of paper on a new form of Siemens furnace, arranged to re- 
cover waste gases as well as waste heat." By John Head and P. 
PODFP, 18. 

*' Calculations concerning the possibility of regenerating tlie gas in the 
new Siemens furnace." By R. Akerman, 24. 

" The critical points of iron and steel." By F. Osmond, 38. 

•*The carburisation of iron by the diamond." By Sir W. C. Roberts- 
Austen, 81. 

" The changes in iron produced by thermal treatment." By E. J. Balt^, 85. 

"Abstract of paper on the Robert- Bessemer process." By F. Lynwood 
Garrison, 106. 

*' Aluminium in carbonised iron." By W. J. Keep, 112. 

"Certain chemical phenomena in tlie manufacture of steel." By W. 
Galbraith, 134. 

" The estimation of phosphorus in the basic Siemens steel bath." By 
W. Galbraith, 142. 

"The Rollet process for producing a pure carbide of iron." By A. 
ROLLET, 154. 

Vol XXXVIL— No. H. 1890. 

" The development of American blast-furnaces, with special reference to 
large yields." By Jaues Gayley, 18. 

"Notes on the Bessemer process." By Henry M. Howe, 95. 

"Aluminium steel." By R. A. Hadfield, 161. 

" Welding by electricity." By Elihu Thomson, 231. 

" The wear of metal, as influenced by its chemical and physical proper- 
ties." By C. B. Dudley, 250. 

" Fuel gas and some of its applications." By Burdett Loomis, 275. 

" Spirally- welded steel tubes." By J. C. Bayles, 283. 

"The inspection of materials of construction in tlie United States." 
By G. H. Clapp and Alfred E. Hunt, 294. 

"The iron development and ore resources of Virginia." Edmund C. 
Pechin, 318. 



48 t UST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

" Massicks and Crooke's patent firebrick hot-blast stoves." By Walter 

Crooke, 340. 
" Presidential address to the American Institute of Mining Engineers." By 

A. S. Hkwitt, 344. 
" The Holley Memorial— Inaugural address." By James Dredge, 369. 
Address by John Ricketson, 387. 
Address by the President (Sir James Kitson), 391. 
"The probable future of the manufacture of iron." By Sir Lowthian 

Bell, 406. 
"The protection of iron and steel ships against foundering from injury 

to their shells, including the use of armour." By Sir Nathaniel 

Barnabt, 438. 
" The development of the marine engine, and the progress made in marine 

engineering during the past fifteen years." By A. £. Seaton, 460. 
"The progress of Qermau practice in tlie nietidlurgy of iron and steel 

since 1876." By Hermann Wedding, 491. 
" The Darby process of recarburisation." By At.exander Thielen, 564. 
" International standanls for the analysis of iron and steel." By J. W. 

Langlet, 583. 
" Aerial wire ropeways." By J. Pohlig, 612. 
" The iron ores of the United States." By T. Sterry Hunt, 628. 

VoL XXXVIII.— Special American Volume. 

"The American iron trade and its progress during sixteen years." By 

Sir Lowthian Bell, 1. 
" Note» on the iron ore districts visited by the Members of the Institute 

during the Northern Tour." By G. J. Snklus, 193. 
"Notes on the iron and steel industries of the United States." By W. 

COLQUHOUN, 225. 

" Notes upon American iron ore deposits." By John Birkinbine, 361. 

VoL XXXIX.— No. I. 1891. 

Presidential address of Sir Frederick A. Abel, 18. 

" Tests for steel used in the manufacture of artillery." By W. Anderson, 

60. 
" Automatic methoils of observation in tlie use of the Le Chatelier 

pyrometer." By Sir W. C. Roberts-Austen, 90. 
" Note on the micro-structure of steel." By F. Osmond, 100. 
" The chanj^'es in iron produced by thermal treatment," II. By E. J. 

Ball, 103. 
" Economical puddling and puddling cinder." By Thomas Turner, 119. 
"A graphic method tor calculating Idast-lumace cliarges or * burdens.'" 

By H. C. Jenkins, 151. 
" Recent progress in the manufacture of war material in the United 

States." By W. 11. Jaques, 156. 




THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 49 



VoL XL.— No. n. 1891. 

Presidential address of Sir Frederick A. Abel, 1. 

** The constitution of the Royal Ordnance Factories." By Sir William 

Anderson, 5. 
" The measurement of the velocity of projectiles." By H. C. L. Holden, 12. 
^* The manufacture of continuous sheets of malleable iron and steel, direct 

from fluid metal." By Sir Henrt Bessemer, 23. 
*' Illustrations of progress in materials for shipbuilding and engineering 

at the Royal Naval Exhibition." By Sir W. H. White, 42. 
"The forging press" By W. D. Allen, 62. 
"An undescribed phenomenon in the fusion of mild steeL" By F. J. 

R. Carulla, 67. 
"The elimination of sulphur from pig iron." By Joseph Massenez, 76. 
" The metallurgic department of the Sheffield Technical School." By 

B. H. Thwaite, 93. 



VoL XLI.— No. L 1892. 

Presidential address of Sir Frederick A. Abel, 13. 

" Experiments with basic steel." By Sir W. H. White, 32. 

"The production of pure iron and steel." By H. Dyer, 88. 

" Ex)>eriment3 t)n the elimination of sulphur from iron." By Edwin J. 

Ball and Arthur Winoham, 102. 
'* The manufacture and application of chilled cast iron (Gruson's system)." 

By E. Reimers, 126. 
•* Platinum pyrometers." By H. L. Callendar, 164. 
" Notes on fuel and its efficiency." By B. H. Thwaite, 183. 
** A practical slide-rule for use in the calculation of furnace chiu^ges." By 

Arthur Wingham, 233. 
** Valves for gas furnaces." By J. W. Wailes, 238. 
•■ The calorific efficiency of the puddling furnace." By Col. L. Cubillo, 245. 

VoL XLH.— No. II 1892. 

''The manufacture of iron in its relations with agriculture." By Sir 
LowTHiAN Bell, 11. 

''An appliance for uutographically recording the temperature of fur- 
naces." By Sir W. C. Roberts-Austen, 33. 

"The Liverpool overhead railway." By James Henry Grbathead, 42. 

" The alloys of iron and chromium." By R. A. Hadfield ; including 
a report by F. Osmond, 49. 

" Failures in the necks of chilled iron rolls." By C. A. Winder, 176. 

"The University College Walker Engineering Laboratories and the 
scheme of engineering instruction." By H. S. Hele-Shaw, 194. 

"A new process for the purification of iron and steel from sulphur." 
By K H. Saniteb, 216. 

" The elimination of sulphur from iron." By J. E. Stead, 223. 

D 



50 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 



VoL XUn— No. I 1893. 

Presidential address of E. Windsor Richards, 13. 

" The elimination of sulphur from iron" (Part II.). By J. E. Stead, 48. 

*'A supplementary paper on a new process for desulphurising iron and 

steel." By E. H. Sanitbr, 73. 
" Report upon the Saniter desulph urination process." By G. J. Snblus, 77. 
" The recording pyrometer." By Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 112. 
" Notes on puddling iron." By John Head, 125. 
"Tbe determination of chromium in ferro-cliromium." By W. Gal- 

BRAITH, 146. 
*' Methods of determining chromium." By J. E. Stead, 153. 



Vol. XLIV.— No. n. 1893. 

" The manufacture of basic steel at Witkowitz." By P. Kupelwieser, 6. 

*' Iron and steel at the Chicago Exhibition." By H. Bauerman, 21. 

" The last twenty years in the Cleveland mining district" By A. L. 

Steavenson, 45. 
** The modifications of carbon in iron." By A. Lkdkbur, 53. 
'* Iron and steel wire and the development of its manufacture." By J. 

P. Bedson, 77. 
*' Suggested improvements in the manufacture of steel plate^^." By 

William Muirhead, 102. 
"The sampling of iron ores." By Thomas Clarkson, 131. 
" The Tudhoe Works of the Weardale Iron and Coal Company, Limited." 

By H. W. HoLLis, 142. 
*' The LUhrig coal- washing and dry separation plant at the Randolph pit 

of the North Bitchbum Coal Company, Evenwood." By James 

I* Anson, 155. 
" The production of wrought iron in small blast-furnaces in India." By 

Thomas Turner, 162. 
" Notes on the Chicago Exhibition." By R. A. Hadfield, 182. 
" The Works of the Consett Iron Company, Limited," 193. 
" The waste of heat, past, present, and future, in smelting ores of iron." 

By Sir Lowthian Bell, 219. 

Vol XLV.— No. I 1894. 

Presidential address of E. Windsor Richards, 17. 

"The Walrand-Legenisel process as applied to steel castings." By G. J. 

Snelus, 26. 
** Scandinavia as a source of iron ore supply." By Jeremiah Head, 47. 
" The capacity and form of blast-furnaces." By W. Hawdon, 78. 
" The pliysical influence of elements on iron." By J. 0. Arnold, 107. 
" The results of heat treatment of manganese steel, and their bearing upon 

carbon steel." By R. A. Hadfield, 156. 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 51 

** Electricity as a motive power in the iron and steel industries.'* By 

D. Selby-Bigoe, 252. 
" Methods of preparing polished surfaces of iron and steel for micro- 

^ scopic examination." By J. E. Stead, 292. 
" The analysis of steel." ByH. K. Bamber, 319. 

" Observations on the relations between the chemical constitution and ulii- 
mate strength of steel." By W. R. Webster, 328. 

VoL XLVI.— No. n. 1894. 

** The iron and steel industries of Bek'iura." Bv A. Gillon, 7. 

**The mining industry of Belgium." By A. Briart, 11. 

" The use of caustic lime in the blast-furnace." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 38. 

** The influence of aluminium upon the carbon in ferro-carbon alloys." By 

T. W. Hogg, 104. 
** Electrical power in Belgian ironworks." By D. Selby-Bigge, 122. 
" The manufacture of open-hearth steel." By J. A. Lencauchez, 139. 
"Colour-gauges for carbon testing." By W. O. McMillan, 157. 
"The iron ores of the Mediterranean sea-board." By A. P. Wilson, 182. 
" The manufacture of coke." By R. de Soldenhoff, 211. 
" The early history of crucible steel." By R. A. Hadfield, 224. 

VoL XLVIL— No. L 1895. 

Presidential address of Sir David Dale, 17. 

" Metal mixers, as used at the works of the North-Eastern Steel Com- 
pany, Limited." By A. Cooper, 66. 

" The effect of arsenic on steel." By J. E. Stead, 77. 

" The mines of Elba." By H. Scott, 141. 

" The manufacture of steel projectiles in Russia." By S. Kern, 194. 

"Ternary alloys of iron with chromium, molybdenum, and tungsten." 
By J. S. DB Bennbville, 202. 

Vol. XLVin.— No. II. 1895. 

" The iron industry of South Staffordshire." By D. Jones, 8. 

" The mineral resources of South Staffordshire." By H. W. Hughes, 22. 

" The direct puddling of iron." By E. Bonehill, 43. 

" The ironworks of the South of Russia." By G. Kamenskt, 70. 

" The thermo-chemistry of the Bessemer process." By W. N. Hartley, 96. 

" The production of iron by a new process." By R. A. Hadfield, 139. 

"A new method for the analysis of chrome ore and ferro-chromium." 

By K H. Saniter, 153. 
" Nickel steel and its advantages over ordinary steel." By H. A. Wiggin, 

164. 
"Small cast steel ingots." By R. Smith-Casson, 210. 
" Cooling curves and tests for cast iron." By W. J. Keep, 227. 



52 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 



u 



Tests of the physical properties of cast iron." By T. D. West, 249. 
" The hardening of steel." By H. M. Howe, 268. 
*^ Report on the International Congress for the unification of methods of 

testing." By G. Lunob, 310. 
'* Report of an exhibition illustrative of the industries of Birmingham." 

By W. G. McMillan, 336. 

Vol. XLIX.— No. I. 1896. 

"The Ford and Moncur hot-blast stove." By B. J. Hall, 20. 

"The production of metallic bars of any section by extrusion at high 

temperatures." By Perky F. Nursey, 63. 
" The treatment of New Zealand magnetic iron-sands." By £. Metcalf 

Smith, 65. 
" The making of the Middle Lias ironstone of the Midlands." By Edwin 

A. Walford, 74. 
" The introduction of standard methods of analysis." By the Baron Hanns 

JUPTNER VON JONSTORFF, 80. 

" The rate of diffusion of carbon in iron." By Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 

139. 
** Mond producer-gas applied to the manufacture of steel." By John H. 

Darby, 144. 
" Further notes on the hardening of steel." By H. M. Howe and Albert 

Sauveur, 170. 
" Note on Mr. Howe's researches on the hardening of steel." By F. 

Osmond, 180. 
"A study of some alloys with iron carbides, mainly manganese and 

tungsten." By J. S. de Benneville, 222. 

VoL L.— No. IL 1896. 

" The iron and steel industry of Spain." By Don Pablo de Alzola, 5. 

" Tlie present position of the iron ore industries of Biscay and Santander." 
By W. Gill, 36. 

"Further experience with the Walrand-Leg^nisel process." By G. J. 
Snklus, 104. 

"The roasting of iron ores, with a view to their magnetic concentra- 
tion." By H. Wedding, 116. 

" The manganese ore deposits of Northern Spain." By Jeremiah Head, 
139. 

" Note on the manganese ore of Madras." By H. G. Turner, 155. 

"The presence of fixed nitrogen in steel." By F. W. Harbord and 

T. TWYNAM, 161. 

" Sand on pig iron and its avoidance." By H. D. Hibbard, 168. 
"The missing carbon." By T. W. Hogg, 179. 
" A new water-cooled hot-blast valve." By W. Colquhoun, 203. 
"The estimation of sulphur in iron ores." By R. W. Atkinson and 
A. J. Atkinson, 207. 



THK JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND 8TJSEL INSTITUTE. 58 



Vol. LI.— No. I. 1897. 

Presidential nddre^'s of E. P. Martin, 19. 

*' Microscopic accesBories for metallographers/' Hy J. £. Stead, 42. 

" The " Weardale furnace." By H. W. Hollis, 5G. 

**The permeability of steel melting crucibles." 15y J. 0. Arnold and 

F. K. Knowles, 77. 
"Charging opei^-heartb furnaces by machinery." By Jeremiah Head, 

89. / 

"The practice I of the combined open-hearth process of Messra. Bertraiid 

and Thieli" By E. Bertraxd, 115. 
" Malleable ca^t iroii." By G. P. Royston, 154. 
" The relatioif of carbon to iron at high temperatures." By Q. P. Royston, 

166. 
"The influence of phasphorus on cold- shortness." By the Baron H. 

JOptner von Jonstorff, 224. 
"The determination of hardening carbon and carbide carbon.'' By the 

Baron H. Juptner von Jonstorff, 248. 
"The general utility and economy of centml blast cui)ola8." By T. 1). 

West, 272. 
"The a^'Hcultural value of sulphate of ammonia from blast-furnnces." 

By F. J. R. Carulla, 284. 
"The specific heat of iron at high temperatures." By Professor "VV. N. 

Hartley, 304. 

Vol. LH.— No. n. 1897. 

"The ai)plication of travelling belts to the shipment of coal." By Sir 

T. Wrightson, 9. 
"The manufacture ot tin plates." By O. B. Hammond, 24. 
" Passive iron.** By J. S. de PjENNEVillk, 40. 
"The diflfusion of sulphides through steel." By E. D. Campbell, 80. 
" The thermo-chemical study of the refining of iron." By H. PoNTHifeRE, 

96. 
"Carbon and iron." By E. H. Saniter, 115. 
" Portable recorder for tests of metals." By G. C. Hennino, 155. 
" Si)ectrographic analysis of iron ores and asi^ociated minerals." By W. 

N. Hartley and H. Ram age, 182. 
••The iron industry of Hungary." By D. A. Louis, 193. 



Vol. LHI.— No. I. 1898. 

" The use of blast-furnace gas for motive power." By A. Qreiner, 21. 
" Coking in by-product ovens." By J. H. Darby, 44. 
" The relative merits of limestone and lime in blast-furnace practice." By 
C. Cochrane, 69. 



54 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

" Steel permanent way." By R. Price- Williams, 94. 
** The iron ore deposits of the Ural." By H. Baubrman, 134. 
" The crystalline structure of iron and steel." By J, E. Stead, 145. 
" AUotropic iron and carbon." By E. H. Sanitbr, 206. 
" Brittleness in soft steel." By C. H. Ridsdale, 220. 
"The solution theory of iron and steel." By Baron H. JOptner von 
JONSTORPF, 235. 

Vol. LIV.— No. H 1898. 

"Outlines of the development of the Swedish iron industry." By R. 

Aksrman, 7. 
"The most prominent and characteristic features of Swedish iron ore 

mining." By G. Nordenstrom, 35. 
" The danger of using too hard steel rails." By C. P. Sandbero, 76. 
" The iron ore deposits of Kiirunavaara and Luosavaara." By H. Lund- 

BOHM, HI. 
" Experiments made with a motor using blast-furnace gas." By A. Witz, 

130. 
" Brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing." By J. E. Stead, 

137. 
" The micro-chemistry of cementation." By J. O. Arnold, 185. 
" The action of metalloids on cast iron." By G. R. Johnson, 200. 
"The action of the projectile and of the explosives on the tubes of steel 

guns." By Sir w! C. Rol)erts- Austen, 233. 
"The solution theory of iron and steel." Baron H. Juptner von 

JONSTORFF, 243. 

"The diffusion of sulphides through steel." By E. D. Campbell, 256. 



Vol. LV.— No. I. 1899. 

"Presidential address." By Sir William Roberts- Austen, 17. 

" The Gellivare iron ore mines." By H. Bauerman, 55. 

" Tilting open-hearth furnaces." By A. P. Head, 69. 

" An improved dipping needle." By Henry Louis, 80. 

" The diffusion of elements in iron." By J. 0. Arnold and A. M* William, 

85. 
"The use of blast-furnace and coke-oven gases." By E. Disdier, 130. 
" Theories and facts relating to cast iron and steel." By B. S. Summers, 

162. 
" The manufacture of steel direct from the ore in the blast-furnace." By 

DiMiTRis Tschernofp, 191. 
" The use of hot-blast in the Bessemer process." By J. Wiborgh, 197. 
"The solution theory of iron and steel." By Baron H. JCptnkr von 

Jonstorff, 204. 
" Report on the Jubilee of the Austrian Society of Civil Engineers." By 

Bennett H. Brouoh, 253. 



THS JOUBNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTTTUTE. 55 

Vol. LVI.— No. n. 1899. 

'* The use of finely divided ore obtained by concentrating processes.** By 

J. WlBORGH, 8. 

''Some forms of magnetic separators and their application to different 

ores." By H. C. McNeill, 18. 
** A new casting machine for blast-furnaces." By R H. Wainford, 53. 
"The iron industry in the territory of His Highness the Nizam of 

Hyderabad, Deccan." By Syed Ali Bilorami, 65. 
" India as a centre .for steel manufacture." By R. H. Mahon, 83. 
" Practical microscopic analysis for use in the steel industries." By C. H. 

RiDSDALE, 102. 
"Pig iron fractures and their value in foundry practice." By J. W. 

Miller, 160. 
" The present position of the solution theory of carburised iron." By A. 

Stansfield, 169. 
" The relation between the structure of steel and its thermal and mechanical 

treatment." By A. Sauvkur, 195. 
"The constitution of steel." By E. D. Campbell, 223. 
''Theories and facts relating to cast iron and steel." By B. S. Summers, 

240. 

Vol. LVn.— No. I. 1900. 

" The'use of fluid metal in the open-hearth furnace." By J. Rile\% 22. 

" The open-hearth continuous steel process." By B. Talbot, 33. 

" A blowing engine worked by blast-furnace gas." By A. Grkiner, 109. 

The manufacture and application of water-gas. By C. Dellwik, 119. 

The utilisation of blast-furnace slag." By C. von Schwarz, 141. 

The equalisation of the varying temperatures of hot blast." By L. F. 
QjERS and J. H. Harrison, 154. 
" Ingots for gun tubes and propeller shafts." By F. J. R. Carulla, 163. 
" The manganese ores of Brazil." By H. K. Scott, 179. 
"The theory of solution of iron and steel." By Baron H. Juptnbr von 
JONSTORFF, 219. 

Vol. LVin.— No. II. 1900. 

" Presidential address." By Sir William C. Roberts- Austen, 8. 
. "The development of the iron industry of France from 1888 to 1898." By 

H. PlNGET, 39. 

Iron and phosphorus." By J. E. Stead, 60. 

Iron and steel at the Universal Exhibition, Paris, 1900." By Professor 
H. Bauebman, 156. 
" A new method of producing high temperatures." By Ernest F. Lanqe, 

191. 
"American standard specifications and methods of testing iron and steel." 
By A. L. Colbt, 215. 



« 






56 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN THE JOURNAL. 

" Influence of aluminium on the carbon in cast iron. By G. Melland, 

and H. W. Waldron, 244. 
" Suggested improvements in roUing-milla" By L. Katona, 259. 
" The constitution of slags." By Baron H. JOptner von Jonstorpf, 276. 
" Iron and steel from the point of view of the phase doctrine." By H. W. 

Bakhuib-Roozeboom^ 311. 
" The present position of the solution theory of carburised iron." By A. 

Stansfield, 317. 



Each volume also contains notes on the i)rogTess of the home and 
foreign iron and steel industries, comi)ri8ing abstracts of the contents of 
pa{)er8 relating to iron and steel published in other scientific and technical 
journals. 



LIST OF PAPEES 



CONTAINRD IN 



THE JOURNAL 



OF THE 



lEON AND STEEL INSTITUTE 

CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO SUBJECTS 



1869-1900 



PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESSES. 

The Duke of Devonshire, 1869, 5. John Percy, 1886, 8. 

Sir Henrt Bessemer, 1871, i. Daniel Adamson, 1887, i. 8. 

365. Sir James Kitson, 1889, i. 13 ; 1890, 

Sir LowTHiAN Bell, 1873, 11 ; 256 ; ii. 391. 

1874, 18. Sir Frederick A. Abel, 1891, i. 18 ; 

William Menelaus, 1875, 16. 1891, ii. 1 ; 1892, 13. 

Sir C. W. Siemens, 1877, 6 ; 1878, E. Windsor Richards, 1893, i. 13 ; 

307. 1894, i. 17. 

Edward Williams, 1879, 8 ; 1880, ; Sir David Dale, 1895, i. 17. 

434. ; E. P. Martin, 1897, i. 19. 

J. T. Smith, 1881, 12. Sir William Roberts-Austen, 1899, 

Sir Bbrnhard Samuklson, 1883, 8. | i. 17 ; 1900, ii. 8. 

IRON ORES. 

OCCURRENCE AND COMPOSITION. 

" Report of the committee on the distribution of the iron ores of Great 

Britain," 1871, L 383. 
**The iron ores of Antrim." By R. Tate and J. S. Holdkn, 1871, i. 

460. 
** The central iron district in Sweden." By David Forbes, 1871, i. 469. 



68 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

Iron Ore Committee. Special reports, 1871, ii. 

"North Stoflfordshire." By R Heath and C. J. Homer, 1871, ii. 1. 

" Cumberland and Lancashire." By J. T. Smith, 1871, ii. 2. 

" South Staflfordshire." By Q. Addbnbrooke and T. Parton, 1871, ii. 6. 

" Forest of Dean." By J. T. Woodhousb, 1871, ii. 26. 

" Iron ores of Cornwall." By J. T. Woodhouse, 1871, ii. 27. 

"Northumberland, Durham, and the North Riding of Yorkshire." 
By John Bell and John Jones, 1871, ii. 33. 
"The hsematite iron ore deposits of Fumess." By P. Wurzburoer, 1872, 

I 135. 
" Gtological position and features of the coal and ironstone bearing strata 

of the West of Scotland." By James Geikib, 1872, ii. 8. 
"The fossil iron ore of Southern Pennsylvania." By B. Silliman, 

1872, ii. 334. 

"Belgian minerals — geological review." By Renier Malherbe, 1873, 

277. 
"The oolitic iron ores of Luxemburg and Lorraine." By A. Habbts, 

1873, 285. 

"The iron ores of Lake Champlain, United States of America." By 

George W. Matnard, 1874, 109. 
"The distribution of spathic iron ore." By Charles Smith, 1874, 

157. 
" The geology of the North Lancashire and Cumberland iron ore districts." 

By P. WeRZBURQEB, 1874, 287. 
" The Rampside boring, near Barrow." By A. Brooden, 1874, 300. 
" The iron ores of Sweden." By Charles Smith, 1874, 310. 
" Ironstone mining in Cleveland." By A. L. Steavenson, 1874, 329. 
" Iron ores considered in their geological relations." By Sir Warinoton 

W. Smyth, 1875, 43. 
" Notes on iron ore deposits at Naeverliaugen, near Bodoe, Norway." By 

Thorsten Nordenfelt, 187(5, 149. 
"The Frodingham ironfield. North Lincolnshire." By George Dove, 

jun., 1876, 318. 
" The iron ore district of Bilbao." By W. Gill, 1882, 63. 
"The Northampton iron ore district." By W. H. Butlin, 1883, 188. 
" The iron-making resources of our colonies as illustrated by the Colonial 

and Indian Exhibition." By P. C. Gilchrist and E. Riley, 1886, 

497. 
" The iron ores of the United States." By T. S. Hunt, 1890, ii. 628. 
" Notes on the iron ore districts visited by the members of the Institute 

on the Northern tour." By G. J. Snelub, American volume, 193. 
"Scandinavia as a source of iron ore supply." By J. Head, 1894, i. 47. 
" The iron ores of the Mediterranean sea-board." By A. P. Wilson, 1894, 

ii. 182. 
"The mines of Elbji." Hy H. Scott, 1895, i. 141. 
" The treatment of New Zealaud magnetic iron-sand." By E. Metcalf 

Smith, 1896, i. 65. 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITX7TE. 59 

** The making of the Middle Lias iranttone of the Midlands." By E. A. 

Walford, 1896, i. 74. 
*' The present position of the iron ore industry of Biscay and Santander." 

By W. Gill, 1896, ii. 36. 
'^'llie manganese ore deposits of Northern Spain." By J. Hrad, 1896, 

ii. 139. 
"The manganese ore of Madras." By H. G. Turner, 1896, iL 155. 
"The iron ore deposits of the Ural." By H. Baubrman, 1898, i. 134. 
"The most prominent and characteristic features of Swedish iron ore 

mining." By G. Nordenstrom, 1898, ii. 35. 
** The iron ore deposits of Kiirunavaara and Luossavara." By H. Lund- 

BOHM, 1898, ii. 111. 
" The Gellivare iron ore mines." By H. Bauerman, 1899, i. 55. 
"The manganese ores of Brazil." By H. K. Scott, 1900, i. 179. 

MINING. 

" An important system of transmission (Muller^s wire-rope railway)." By 

H. M. Morrison, 1873, 130. 
" The diamond rock-boring drill." By Major Beaumont, 1873, 373. 
"The Ferroux rock-drill and air compressor." By H. W. Pendred, 

1876, 77. 
"Overcoming steep gradients on railways." By H. Handyside, 1876, 

144. 
" The use of the magnetic needle in exploring for iron ore." By Bennett 

H. Brough, 1887, i. 289. 
" Aerial wire ropeways." By J. Pohlig, 1890, ii. 612. 
"The last twenty years in the Cleveland mining district." By A. L. 

Steavenson, 1893, ii. 45. 
" The sampling of iron ores." By Thomas Clarkson, 1893, ii. 131. 
"An improved dipping needle." By Henkt Louis, 1899, i. 80. 

MECHANICAL PREPARATION. 
" Some forms of magnetic separators." By H. C. McNeill, 1899, ii. 18. 

METALLURGICAL PREPARATION. 

" On the roasting of iron ores witli the view to their magnetic concentra- 
tion." By H. Wkddino, 1896, ii. 116. 



BEFBA0T0B7 MATEBLAJ.S. 

" Fireclay and other refractory materials." By George J. Snelus, 1875, 

513. 
"The ready means of moulding lime and making lime of basic bricks and 

linings for converters, furnaces, &c." By Edward Rilet, 1879, 144. 



60 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

FUEL. 

CALORIFIC VALUE. 

** Pyrometers." By Sir C. W. Siemens, 1871, 50. 

''The rationale of the combustion of gases considered in relation to an 

increased supply, of heaf By Charles BouTiir, 1873, 399. 
" Krupp*s hot-blast pyrometer." By A. von Bekoen, 1886, 207. 
** Description of a new air pyrometer." By J. Wiborgh, 1888, ii. 110. 
** Automatic methods of observation of the Le Chatelier pyrometer." By 

Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 1891, i. 90. 
" Platinum pyrometers." By H. L. Callendar, 1892, i. 164. 
" An appliance for autographically recording the temperature of furnaces." 

By Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 1892, ii. 33. 
**The recording pyrometer." By Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 1893, i. 112. 

COAL. 

" Geological features of the South Wales coalfield." By William Adams, 

1871, 13. 
"The geological features of the Staffordshire coalfield." By Henry 

Johnson, 1871, ii. 191. 
"A new miner's safety-lamp for indicating by sound the presence of 

explosive mixtures of gas and air." By A. K. Irvine, 1872, ii. 76. 
^* The North Staffordshire coalfield, with the ironstones contained therein." 

By Charles J. Homer, 1875, 540. 
" Notes on the Yorkshire coalfield." By A. H. Green, 1876, 305. 
"Geological and other features of the Great Northern Coalfield." By 

G. C. Greenwell, 1877, 463. 
" The geology of Cheshire." By Aubrey Strahan, 1884, 352. 
"The mineral resources of South Staffordshii-e." By H. W. Hughes, 

1895, ii. 22. 

COKE. 

"Notes on the Belgian coke manufacture." By Aug. Gillon, 1873, 339. 

" Notes on the manufacture of anthracite coke in Soutli Wales." By Wil- 
UAM Hackney, 1875, 523. 

"The coke manufacture of South Durham in relation to the iron and 
steel trades." By A. L. Steavenson, 1877, 403. 

"An improved system for the utilisation of by-products in the manu- 
facture of coke." By Henry Simon, 1880, 137. 

** The manufacture of coke on the Simon-Carves system." By R. Dixon, 
1883, 494. 

"The Jameson system of coke manufacture." By J. Jameson, 1883, 504. 

" The recovery of by-products from coal, with special reference to the coke 
and iron industries." By Watson Smith, 1884, 486. 

"Most recent results obtained in Germany by utilising the by-products 
from Hoffman coke ovens." By C. Otto, 1884, 517. 



THE JOURNAL OF TKK IRON AND STEEL INSTITDTE. 61 

" Recent results with regard to by-products in coking coal in the Simon- 
Carv^ coke ovens." By Watson Smith, 1885, 102. 

"Recent results and further development of the Simon-Carv^ coking 
procesH (utilisation of by-products)." By H. Simon, 1885, 108. 

** Note with reference to the methods })rop08ed for coking coal and recover- 
ing volatile mattera." By H. E. Armstrong, 1885, 120. 

'* The manufacture of coke." By R. de Soldenhoff, 1894, ii. 211. 

'* Coking in by-product ovens." By J. H. Darby, 1898, i. 44, 

LIQUID FUEL. 
"The oil-shales of the Lothians." By H. M. Cadell, 1888, ii. 150. 

NATURAL GAS. 

"Natural gas fuel and its application to manufacturing purposes." By 
A. Carnegie, 1885, 168. 

ARTIFICIAL GAS. 

"Gas-generating furnaces." By F. LOrmann, 1880, 575. 
"The production and utilisation of gaseous fuel in the iron manufac- 
ture." By W. S. Sutherland, 1883, 222. 
''The most recent results obtained in the application and utilisation of 

gaseous fuel" By W. S. Sutherland, 1884, 72. 
'• A new method of heating the regenerating gas furnace." By F. Siemens, 

1884, 434. 
" A new form of regenerative gas furnace." By F. W. Dick, 1884, 453. 
"A modified form of the Siemens old tyi>e gas producer, by means of 

which the gases are em'iched and the by-products may be recovered." 

By John Head, 1885, 126. 
"Combustion, with special reference to practical requirements." By F. 

Siemens, 1886, 685. 
"Water-gas as used for metallurgical purposes." By Alfred Wii^on, 

1888, i. 86. 
"Gaseous fuel" By Sir Lowthian Bkll, 1889, ii. 139. 
" Fuel gas and some of its applications." By B. Loomis, 1890, ii. 275. 
"Fuel and its efficiency." By B. H. Thwaite, 1892, i. 183. 
** Valves for gas furnaces." By J. W. Wail1':s, 1892, i. 238. 
"Mond*s producer-gas applied to the manufacture of steel." By J. II. 

Darby, 1896, L 144. 
"The manufacture and application of water-gas." By C. Dkllwik, 190(), 

i. 119. 

COAL-MINING. 

"The production and application of combustible gases under pressure." 

By G. H. Benson, 1869, 196. 
"Ihimping and winding machinery at a pit belonging to Mr. R T. 

Crawshay named the Castle Pit" By G. 0. Pbarsb, 1871, i. 24. 



62 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

'* Winding and other appliances for coal-mining." By William Kamp, 
1873, 357. 

**A brief account of an underground fire in the Wynnstaj Colliery, 
Ruabon.'' By Qeoros Thomson, 1875, 172. 

** Chaudron'e method of shaft-sinking through water-bearing strata with- 
out pumping." By Henrt Simon, 1877, 187. 

*' The coal industry of the Lower Rhine and of Westphalia." By Gustav 
Natorp, 1880, 688. 

** A new method of mining coal." By P. Moslbt, 1882, 53. 

^'The application of travelling belts to the shipment of coaL" By Sir 
Thomas Wrightson, 1897, ii. 9. 

COAL- WASHING. 

"The coal-washing machinery employed by the Bochumer Verein.** 

By Fritz Baare, 1883, 274. 
"The Lilhrig coal- washing plant at Evenwood." By J. TAnson, 1893, 

ii. 156. 

PBODUOTION OF PIG IRON. 

BLAST-FURNACE PRACTICE. 

"The development of heat and ite appropriation in blast-furnaces of 

different dimensions.^ By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1869, 37. 
"A new process for removing silicon from pig iron." By J. Palmer 

BuDD, 1869, 133. 
" A hot-blast firebrick stove." By Thomas Whitwkll, 1869, 206. 
" Chemical phenomena of iron smelting." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1871, i. 85. 
"A covered self-coking blast-furnace." By William Ferrie, 1871, 

i. 432. 
" Description of two new blast-furnaces at Newport Ironworks, Middles- 
brough." By Sir Bernhard Samublson, 1871, ii. 62. 
"Chemical phenomena of iron smelting." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1871, 

ii. 67. 
"A description of the Ayresome Ironworks, Middlesbrough, with remarks 

upon the gradual increase in s!ze of the Cleveland blast-furnace." By 

John Gjers, 1871, ii. 202. 
" Further results from the use of hot-blast firebrick stoves." By Thomas 

Whitwell, 1871, ii. 217. 
" Increasing the height of blast-furnaces in the Midland districts." By 

T. W. Plum, 1871, ii. 224. 
"Mr. Ferrie's covered self-coking furnace.*' By Sir Lowthian Bell, 

1871, ii. 228. 
" Chemical phenomena of iron smelting." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1871, 

ii. 277. 
" Chemical phenomena of iron smelting." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1872, i. 1. 
"Reprint of Dud Dudley's * Mettallum Martis,'" 1872, ii. 215. 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 63 

^ Wrightson's patent hydraulic apparatus for lowering charges into blast- 
furnaces," 1872, ii. 236. 

"The working of blast-furnaces with raw coal at Gleiwitz, in Upper 
Silesia.'' By H. Wedding, 1872, ii. 296. 

"The recent boiler explosion at the Linthorpe Ironworks, Middlesbrough.'* 
By Jeremiah Head, 1873, 161. 

" Buttgenbach's system of constructing blast-furnaces." By Franz Bdtt- 
OENBACH, 1873, 310. 

" The value of superheated blast in the working of blast-furnaces." By 
Peter von Tunner, 1873, 433. 

" The manufacture and use of spiegeleisen." By G. J. Snelds, 1874, 68. 

** A new form of waggon-drop for blast-furnaces." By Sir T. Wrightson, 

1874, 338. 

" The sum of heat utilised in smelting Cleveland ironstone." By Sir Low- 

THiAN Bell, 1875, 155. 
" The use of caustic lime in the blast-furnace. ' By Sir Lowthian Bell, 

1875, 400. 

'* Further improvements in blast-furnace hearths." By Charles Wood, 

1875, 427. 
" Improvements in blast-furnace water-cooled tuyeres." By T. W. Plum, 

1878, 299. 
" Pig iron making in Germany." By J. Schlink, 1880, 528. 
"The use of lignite or brown coal in the blast-furnace." By P. von 

Tunner, 1882, 96. 
"Comparative blast-furnace practice." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1882, 534. 
"A hot-blast firebrick stove." By Thos. Massicks, 1882, 602. 
" A comparison of the working of a blast-furnace with a blast varying in 

temperature from 990" F. to 1414" F." By W. Hawdon, 1883, 101. 
" The value of successive additions to the temperature of the air used in 

smelting iron." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1883, 119. 
American anthracite blast-fumaces." By J. M. Hartman, 1883, 261. 
The recent improvements in the Cowper hot-blast firebrick stoves." By 

E. A. Cowper, 1883, 576. 
" The effect of blast-furnace design on economy of fuel." By R. Howson, 

1883, 685. 
" The use of raw coal in blast-furnaces." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1884, 13. 
" The blast-furnace value of coke from which the products of distillation 

from the coal used in its manufacture have been- collected." By Sir 

Lowthian Bell, 1885, 57. 
" The present position and prospects of the processes for the recovery of 

tar and ammonia from blast-furnaces." By William Jones, 1885, 

410. 
" Certain accessory products of blast-furnaces." By Thomas Blair, 1886, 

81. 
"American blast-furnace practice, with special reference to the works 

of the South Chicago Iron and Steel Company." By F. W. Gordon, 

1886, 779. 



ii 



64 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

" Notes on the construction and cost of blast-furnaces in the Cleveland 

district in 1887." By Sir Bkrnhard Samuklson, 1887, i. 91. 
" Notes on the reduction of iron ore in the blast-furnace." By Sir Lowthi^n 

BBL^ 1887, ii. 74. 
" The behaviour of arsenic in ores and metals during smelting and purifi- 
cation processes." By J. Fattison and J. E. Stead, 1888, i 171. 
" The development of American blast-furnaces, with special reference to 

large yields." By J. Gayley, 1890, iL 18. 
"Massicts & Crooke's patent firebrick hot-blast stoves." By Walter 

Crooke, 1890, ii. 340. 
"The probable future of the manufacture of iron." By Sir Lowthian 

Bell, 1890, ii. 406. 
" A graphic method for calculating blast-furnace charges or * burdens.' " 

By H. C. Jenkins, 1891, i. 161. 
"The elimination of sulphur from pig iron." By Joseph Massenkz, 

1891, ii. 76. 
" Experiments in the elimination of sulphur from iron." By E. J. Ball 

and A. Wingham, 1892, i. 102. 
" A practical slide rule for use in the calculation of furnace charges." By 

A. Wingham, 1892, i. 233. 
"A new process for the purification of iron and stefel from sulphur." 

By E. H. Saniter, 1892, ii. 216. 
" The elimination of sulphur from iron." By J. E. Stead, 1892, iL 223. 
" The elimination of sulphur from iron." By J. E. Stead, 1893, i. 48. 
" A supplementary paper on a new process for desulphurising iron and 

steel." By E. H. Saniter, 1893, i. 73. 
" Report upon the Saniter desulphurisation process" By Q. J. Snelus, 

1893, i. 77. 

" The Tudhoe Works of the Weardale Iron and Coal Company, Limited." 

By H. W. Mollis, 1893, ii. 142. 
"The works of the Consett Iron Comi)any, Limited," 1893, ii. 193. 
" The waste of heat, past, present, and future, in smelting ores of irpn." 

By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1893, ii. 219. 
"The capacity and form of blast-furnaces." By W. Hawdon, 1894, i. 78. 
" The use of caustic lime in the blast-furnace." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 

1894, ii. 38. 

" The Ford and Moncur hot-blast stove." By B. J. Hall, 1896, i. 20. 
"A new water-cooled hot-blast valve." By W. Colquhodn, 1896, ii. 

203. 
"The agiicultural value of sulphate of ammonia from blast-furnaces." 

By F. J. H. Carulla, 1897, i. 284. 
"The use of blast-furnace gas for motive power." By A. Greiner, 1898, 

i. 21. 
" The relative merits of limestone and lime in blast-furnace practice." By 

C. Cochrane, 1898, i. 69. 
" Experiments made with a motor using blast-furnace gas." By A. Witz, 

1898, ii. 130 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTK, 65 

*' The use of blaat-fumace and coke-oven gases." By £. Disdibr, 1899, 

i. 130. 
" The use of finely divided iron ore obtained by concentrating processes." 

By J. WiBORGH, 1899, ii 8. 
" A new casting machine for blast-furnaces." By R. H. Wainford, 1899, 

ii. 53. 
" A blowing-engine worked by blast-furnace gas." By A. Greiner, 1900, 

i. 109. 
" The equalisation of the varying temperatures of hot blast." By L. F. 

QjERS and J. H. Harrison, 1900, i. 164. 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION. 

"The condition in which silicon exists in pig iron." By E. Handfield 
Morton, 1874, 102. 

" Carbon and other deposits from the gases from blast-furnaces in Cleve- 
land." By John Pattinson, 1876, 85. 

Adjourned discussion on John Pattinson's paper, 1876, 105. 

"Chromium pig iron made by the Tasmanian Iron Company." By 
Edward Rilky, 1877, 104. 

"The separation of phosphorus from pig iron." By Sir L. Bell, 1878, 17. 

"Silicon pig iron." By F. Gautier, 1886, ii. 743. 

BLAST-FURNACE SLAG. 

" Utilisation of blast-furnace slag." By J. J. Bodmer, 1872, ii. 134. 

" The utilisation of slag." By Charles Wood, 1873, 186. 

" The utilisation of blast-furnace slag with its heat for the manufacture 

of glass." By Bashley Britten, 1876, 453. 
"The progress of the slag industries during the last four years." By 

Charles Wood, 1877, 443. 
" Note on a rare blast-furnace slag of the composition of gehlenite." By 

H. Baubrman, 1886, i. 88. 
"The manufacture of iron in its relations with agriculture." By Sir 

LowTHiAN Bell, 1892, ii. 11. 
" The utilisation of blast-furnace slag." By C. von Schwa rz, 1900, i. 141. 
"The constitution of slags." By Baron II. JOptnek von Jonstorff. 1900, 

ii. 276. 

FOUNDRY PRACTICE. 

" A new form of cupola furnace." By James Riley, 1885, 448. 

"The value of silicon pig iron to the iron -founder." By Charles 

Wood, 1885, 464. 
" The constituents of cast iron." By T. Turner, 1886, i. 163. 
" Certain descriptions of Indian castings." By C. P. Clarke, 1886, i. 200. 
"The production of silica from cast iron." By Thomas Turner, 1887, 

i.203. 

E 



66 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

" Silicon and sulphur in cast iron." By T. Turner, 1888, i 28. 

" The melting in cupola furnaces of wrought iron or steel scrap mixed 

with ferro-silicon." By F. Gautibr, 1888, i. 58. 
" Continuous moulding machinery at the works of M. Qodin at Guise, 

France." By James Johnston, 1888, i. 102. 
" Aluminium in carbonised iron." By W. J. Keep, 1890, i. 112. 
" Sand on pig iron and its avoidance." By H. D. Hibbard, 1896, iL 168. 
" Malleable cast iron." By G. P. Royston, 1897, i. 154. 
*' The general utility and economy of central blast cupolas." By T. D. 

West, 1897, i. 272. 
" Pig iron fractures and their value in foundry practice." By J. W. 

Miller, 1899, ii. 160. 



PRODUOTION OF MALLEABLE IRON. 

Report of Committee on Mechanical Puddling, 1871, i. 392. 

Discussion on the Sherman process, 1871, i. 452. 

"The Sherman process." By G. J. Snelus, 1871, ii. 181. 

" Description of Danks' revolving puddling furnace." By Samuel Danes, 

1871, ii. 258. 

" Danks' rotary puddling furnace." Introduction : I. Report of Com- 
missioners appointed to report on Danks' rotary furnace in America. 

1872, i. iii. 

Proceedings of the Puddling Committee, 1872, i. 93. 

" Further improvements in Spencer's revolving puddling machine." By 

A. Spencer, 1872, ii. 96. 
Report of the Belgian Commission on the working of Danks' rotary 

puddling furnace, 1872, ii. 311. 
"The combustion of powdered fuel in revolving' furnaces, and its 

application to heating and puddling purposes." By T. R. Crampton, 

1873, 91. 

" The economical preparation of iron for the Danks' puddling furnace." 

By Charles Wood, 1873, 327. 
" The Pernot rotary furnace for the puddling of iron and the manufacture 

of cast steel." By Julks Petin, 1874, 143. 
" Crampton's revolving furnace and its products." By T. R Crampton, 

1874, 384. 

"The Casson-Dormoy puddling furnace." By E. Fisher Smith, 1876, 

109. 
" Welding iron." By Richard Howson, 1876, 357. 
" Puddling in ordinary and rotary furnaces." By H. Kirk, 1876, 367. 
" Puddling in ordinary and rotary furnaces." By H. Kirk, 1877, 140. 
"Welding." By Richard Howson, 1877, 152. 
"The chemistry of puddling." By H. Louis, 1879, 219. 
"Gas puddling and heating furnaces, with special reference to the 

Casson-Bicheroux system." By R. Smith-Cas80N, 1884, 60. 




THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE 67 

" The properties of malleable iron deduced from its microscopic struc- 
ture." By Hermann Wedding, 1885, 187. 

" Economical puddling and puddling cinder." By T. Turner, 1891, i. 119. 

" The calorific efficiency of the puddling furnace." By Col. L. Cubillo, 
1892, i. 245. 

" Notes on puddling iron." By John Head, 1893, i. 125. 

"The production of wrought iron in small blast-furnaces in India." By 
Thomas Turner, 1893, ii. 162. 

" The direct puddling of iron." By E. Bonehill, 1896, ii. 43. 



FOBQE AND MILL MACHINEB7. 

" Improved machinery for rolling rails." By W. Menelaus, 18G9, 187. 
"Efficiency and durability of plain cylindiical boilers." By Jeremiah 

Head, 1871, i. 56. 
"Modern appliances for reversing rolling-mills.'* By B. Walker, 

1871, i. 417. 
" Napier's differential friction gear for revei-sing rolling-mills." By R. D. 

Napier, 1872, ii. 43. 
" Ijoiith's patent three-high plate and sheet rolls." By B. L. Louth, 1 872, 

ii. 86. 
"A new method of preventing shock in reversing rolling-mills." By 

Jeremiah Head, 1873, 117. 
" Greener and Ellis's patent oxide dry bottoms for mill furnaces." By 

T. Greener, 1873, 135. 
" Power couplings for rolling-mills and other machinery." By F. H. 

Varley and Edward Furness, 1874, 166. 
"Valves suitable for working liydraulic machinery." By Robert 

LuTHY, 1874, 341. 
" American rolling-mills." By Alexander L. Holley, 1874, 348. 
"The Howard Boiler." By David Joy, 1875, 220. 
" High-pressure steam generally and its application to quadruple 

engines." By Daniel Adamson, 1875, 360. 
"The hydraulic forging and stamping of malleable iron on the *Systeme 

Haswell ' of Vienna." By J. 0. liUTLER, 1876, 428. 
" The straightening and planishing of round bars, as ])ractised by patent 

machines at Kirkstall Forge, Leeds." By Edmund Butler, 1876, 449. 
" Impi'ovements in Belgian three -high rolling-mills." By Alfred 

Thomas, 1877, 439. 
" Improvements in Belgian three-high rolling-mills." Discussion, 1878, 

69. 
" Universal rolling-mills for the rolling of girders and cruciform sections." 

By H. Sack, 1889, i. 132. 
"The forging press." By W. D. Allen, 1891, ii. 62. 
"Suggested improvements in rolling-mills." By Louis Katona, 1900, 

ii. 259. 



68 LIST OF PAPEBS CONTAINED IN 

PRODUOTION OF STEEL. 

THE CARBURISATION OF MALLEABLE IRON. 

^* The production of alloys of iron and manganese, and on their applica- 
tion to the manufacture of steel." By F. Kohn, 1871, i. 70. 

** The production of alloys of iron and manganese." By F. Kohn (second 
paper), 1871, i. 400. 

** The manufacture of iron and steel by direct process." By Sir C. W. 
Siemens, 1873, 37. 

*'Some further remarks regarding the production of iron and steel by 
direct process." By Sir C. W. Siemens, 1877, 346. 

"Some recent improvements in the manufacture of iron sponge by the 
Blair process." By J. Ireland, 1878, 47. 

" The manufacture of steel with brown coal at Teplitz (Bohemia)." By 
K. Wittgenstein and A. KCrzwernhart, 1882, 451. 

" The manufacture of crucible cast steel." By Henry Seebohm, 1884, 
372. 

" The early history of crucible steel." By R. A. Hadfield, 1894^ ii. 224. 

" Small cast-steel ingots." By R. Smith-Casson, 1895, iL 210. 

"The permeability of steel-melting crucibles." By J. O. Arnold and 
F. K. Knowles, 1897, i. 77. 

"The micro-chemistry of cementation." By J. 0. Arnold, 1898, ii, 
185. 

" The manufacture of steel direct from the ore in the blast-furnace." By 
Dimitris Tschernofp, 1899, i. 191. 

OPEN-HEARTH PROCESS. 

" Siemens' regenerative furnace and its application to reheating furnaces." 

By J. T. Smith, 1869, 145. 
" The Siemens- Martin process of manufacturing cast steel." By R. How- 
son, 1869, 172. 
" Price's patent retort furnace." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1875, 461. 
"Improved casting arrangements for the Siemens-Martin process." By 

Michael Scott, 1876, 156. 
" Reactions in the open-hearth process." By Arthur Willis, 1880, 89. 
"Recent improvements in the method of manufacture of open-hearth 

steel." By James Riley, 1884, 443. 
" Blowholes in open-hearth steeL" By John Head, 1886, 99. 
" Neutral linings for metallurgical furnaces." By Ferdinand Qautier, 

1886, i. 151. 
" The removal of metalloids in the basic open-hearth process." By F. W. 

Harbord, 1886, ii. 700. 
"Some investigations as to the effects of different methods of treatment 

of mild steel in the manufacture (»f plates." By J. Riley, 1887, 

i. 121. 




THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 69 

**The basic open-hearth process." By J. W. Wailes, 1887, ii. 119. 
"The manufacture of basic open-hearth steel." By J. H. Darby, 1889, 

i. 78. 
**0n a new form of Siemens furnace." By John Head and P. Poupf, 

1889, ii. 256 ; 1890, i. 18. 
"Calculations concerning the ^jossibility of regenerating the gas in the 

new Siemens furnace." By R. Akerman, 1890, i. 24. 
"The manufacture of open-hearth steel." By J. A. Lencauchez, 1894, 

il 139. 
"Metal mixers as used at the works of the North-Eastern Steel Com- 
pany, Limited." By A. Cooper, 1895, i. 66. 
" Charging open-hearth furnaces by machinery." By Jeremiah Head, 

1897, L 89. 
"The practice of the combined open-hearth process of Messrs. Bertrand 

and Thiel." By E. Bertrand, 1897, i. 115. 
"Tilting open-hearth furnaces." By A. P. Head, 1899, i. 69. 
"The use of fluid metal in the open-hearth furnace." By J. Riley, 1900, 

i. 22. 
" The open-hearth continuous steel process." By B. Talbot, 1900, i. 33. 

BESSEMER PROCESS. 

" The com])osition of the gases evolved from the Bessemer convener during 

the blow." By G. J. Snelus, 1871, ii. 247. 
"Generation of heat during the Bessemer process." By R. Akerman, 

1872, ii. 110. 
"Setting Bessemer converter bottoms." By Alexander L. Holley, 

1874, 368. 
" Description of the latest improvements in appliances for the manufacture 

of Bessemer steel." By B. Walker, 1874, 374. 
"The manufacture of Bessemer steel in Belgium." By Julian Deby, 

1876, 194. 
"The use of molten iron direct from the blast-furnace for Bessemer 

purposes." By J. T. Smith, 1876, 12. 
"The uses of ferro-manganese." By F. Gautier, 1876, 43, 101. 
" The separation of carbon, silicon, sulphur, and phosphorus in the refining 

and puddling furnace, and in the Bessemer converter." By Sir Low- 

THiAN Bell, 1 877, 108. 
"The separation of carbon, silicon, sulphur, and phasphorus in the refining 

and puddling furnace, and in the Bessemer converter ; with some 

remarks on the manufacture and durability of railway bars." By Sir 

LowTHiAN Bell, Bart., 1877 (Part II.), 322. 
" The manufacture of Bessemer steel and steel rails at the works of Messrs. 

Brown, Bayley & Dixon ( Limited), Sheflield." By C. B. Holland, 

1878, 104. 
The elimination of phosphorus." By Sidney Q. Thoma& and Percy 

C. Gilchrist, 1879, 120. 



it 



70 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

"The removal of phosphorus and sulphur during the Bessemer and 

Siemens-Martin processes of steel manufacture." By G. J. Snslub, 

1879, 135. 
"The dephosphorisation in the Bessemer converter by the method of 

re-pouring." By Harmet, 1879, 150. 
" The dephosphorisation of iron and steel." By A. Pourcel, 1879, 341. 
"The neutralisation of phosphorus in steel and steel-like metals." By 

Richard Brown, 1879, 355. 
"The dephosphorisation of iron in the Bessemer converter." By R. 

Pink, 1880, 57. 
" The manufacture of Bessemer steel and ingot iron from phosphoric pig." 

By C. B. Holland and A. Cooper, 1880, 79. 
" Dephosphorising in the converter." By J. Massknez, 1880, 476. 
" Caspersson's converter-ladle." By R. Akerman, 1880, 599. 
" The manufacture of Bessemer steel and steel rails in the United States." 

By W. R. Jones, 1881, 129. Supplementary paper, 1881, 370. 
" The use of a mechanical agitator in the manufacture of Bessemer steeL" 

By W. D. Allen, 1881, 373. 
"The basic Bessemer process." By Paul Kupblweiser, 1881, 397. 
"A note on current dephosphorising practice." By Sidney Gilchrist 

Thomas and Percy Carlisle Gilchrist, 1881, 407. 
"Bessemer steel in its cast and unwrought state." By W. D. Allen, 

1883, 70. 
"The different systems of hydraulic cranes for Bessemer steel works." 

By R. M. Daelen, 1883, 552. 
" A new form of centre crane for Bessemer plant." By Sir T. Wrightson, 

1883, 558. 

" The North-Eastern Steel Co.'s works and their products." By A. Cooper, 

1884, 407. 

" Some early forms of Bessemer converters." By Sir Henry Bessemer, 

1886, ii. 638. 

"The modifications of the Bessemer converter for small charges." By 

J. Hardisty, 1886, ii. 651. 
"The new steelworks at Terni near Rome." By Sir B. Samdelson, 

1887, i. 31. 

"The utilisation of basic slag for agricultural purposes." By P. C. 

Gilcbrist, 1887, i. 212. 
" Basic slag : its formation, constitution, and application, with special 

reference to crystals found therein." By J. E. Stead and C. H. 

RiDSDALE, 1887, i. 222. 
"The Robert-Bessemer steel process." By F. L. Garrison, 1889, ii. 266 ; 

1890, i. 106. 
" Notes on the Bessemer process." By H. M. Howe, 1890, ii. 95. 
"The Darby process of re-carburisation." By A. Thielen, 1890, ii. 

564. 
" The manufacture of basic steel at Witkowitz." By Paul Kupelweiser, 

1893, ii. 6. 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IKON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 71 

"The Walrand-Leg6iiisel process as applied to steel castings." By G. J. 

Snelus, 1894, i. 26. 
" The thermo-chemistry of the Bessemer process." By W. N. Hartley, 

1896, ii. 95. 

"Further experience with the Walrand-Legenisel process." By G. J. 

Snelus, 1896, ii. 104. 
"The thermo-chemical study of the refining of iron." By H. PoNTHiiiRK, 

1897, ii. 96. 

"The use of hot blast in the Bessemer process." By J. Wiborqh, 1899, i 
197. 

OTHER PROCESSES. 

"The Heaton process." By G. J. Snelus, 1871, ii. 185. 
"Communication relative to converting pig iron into steel by Berard^s 

process." By Aristide Berard, 1873, 428. 
" Ponsard's forno-convertisseur for the manufacture of steel." By Sylvain 

PiHiss^, 1878, 459. 
" The production of iron by a new process." By R. A. Hadfield, 1895, 

ii. 139. 

FUBTHEB TBEATMENT OF lEON AND STEEL. 

"The manufacture of rails." By E. Williams, 1869, 156. 

" A method of dressing rails." By Thomas Gillott, 1870, 69. 

" Iron as a material for shipbuilding, and its influence on the commerce 

and armaments of nations." By Sir C. M. Palmer, 1870, 43. 
"A new mode of casting steel ingots." By B. D. Healy, 1873, 183. 
" Summary of a statement entitled, * Studies relative to the improvements 

whereof the construction of metal ways is susceptible.'" By D. 

SoiGNiE, 1873, 402. 
"Phosphoric bronze and its principal industrial uses." By C. Monte- 

FioRE Levi, 1873, 408. 
"The close-laid boilers of M. Paul Havrez." By Jules Havrez, 1873, 414. 
"The shaping and finisliing of iron and other metals by solid emery 

wheels, and the machinery specially designed for such purpose." 

By Arthur Pye-Smith, 1874, 59. 
" Berry man's feed- water heater." By Kobkrt Berryman, 1874, 137. 
"The designing of ingot moulds for steel rail ingots." By William 

Hackney, 1875, 414. 
"Solid steel castings." By Ferdinand Gautier, 1877, 40. 
"Steel casting apparatus." By Michael Scott, 1878, 60. 
" Railway joints." By C. H. Halcomb, 1878, 138. 
"The use of steel in the construction of bridges." By H. N. Maynard, 

1879, 39. 
" The use of steel in naval construction." By Sir Nathaniel Barnaby, 

1879, 45. 
"The progress of iron and steel as constructive materials." By J. A. 

PiCTON, 1879, 387. 



72 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

"The manufacture of large forgings and the material suitable for the 

same." By G. Ratlipfb, 1879, 449. 
"The consolidation of fluid steel." By Alfred Davis, 1879, 476. 
" The wrought iron permanent way laid upon the North-Eastem Railway." 

By C. Wood, 1879, 491. 
" The application of toughened glass to permanent ways." By C. Wood, 

1879, 497. 
" The economical advantage of steel shipbuilding." By William Dbnny, 

1881, 64. 
"The nmnufacture of steel and steel plates in Russia." By Seboius 

Kern, 1881, 80. 
" Iron and steel permanent way." By K Price- Williams, 1881, 108. 
" The manufacture of Bessemer steel and steel rails in the United States." 

By W. R. Jones, 1881, 129. 
" Hydraulic machinery for steelworks." By Michael Scott, 1881, 146. 
"The preservation and ornamentation of iron and steel surfaces." By 

Gborqe Bower, 1881, 166. 
"The metallurgy and manufacture of modem British ordnance." By 

Col. E. Maitland, 1881, 424. 
"Tlie application of solid steel to the manufacture of small arms, 

projectiles, and ordnance." By Ferdinand Qautier, 1881, 452. 
" The application of wrought iron and steel to the manufacture of gun- 
carriages." By H. J. Butter, 1881, 462. 
" The manufacture of projectiles." By J. Davidson, 1881, 473. 
" The manufacture of solid steel castings." By A. Podrcel, 1882, 509. 
"The successful rolling of steel ingots with their own initial heat, by 

means of the soaking pit process." By John Gjers, 1882, 565. 
"The use of steel castings in lieu of iron and steel forgings for ship 

and marine engine construction." By William Parker, 1883, 56. 
" The tinplate manufacture." By E. Trubshaw, 1883, 262. 
" Improvements in railway and tramway plants." By A. Riche, 1883, 269. 
" Iron and steel permanent way." By W. R. Browne, 1884, 88. 
" The behaviour of armour of different kinds under fire." By C. Orde- 

Browne, 1884, 116. 
"Recent improvements in iron and steel shipbuilding." By William 

John, 1884, 138. 
" Notes on steel shipbuilding." By J. H. Biles, 1885, 478. 
"The Forth Bridge." By Sir Benjamin Baker, 1885, 491. 
" The origin and progress of the manufacture of tin plates." By Philip 

W. Flower, 1886, i. 36. 
"Wrought iron conduit pipes." By H. Smith, 1886, i. 133. 
" The casting of chains in solid steel." By F. Gautier, 1886, ii. 727. 
"The process employed in casting brass chains at Jejrpore, Rdjputana." 

By T. H. Hendley and C. Purdon Clarke, 1886, ii. 738. 
" Patent composite iron and steel." By G. Allen, 1887, i. 42. 
"Electric lighting in works and factories." By J. A. Fleming, 1887, 

iL 162. 



THB JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 73 

"The manufacture and treatment of steel for field-guns." By Col. L. 

CuBiLLO, 1888, i 123. 
" The Forth Bridge." By F. E. Cooper, 1888, ii. 83. 
" The proposed Channel Bridge." By Schneider & Co. and H. Hersbnt, 

1889, ii. 40. 

"The Thompson electric welding process." By W. C. Fish, 1889, ii. 206. 
" The changes in iron produced by thermal treatment." By E. J. Ball, 

1890, i. 85. 

" Welding by electricity." By E. Thompson, 1890, ii. 231. 
" Spirally- welded steel tubes." By J. C. Bayles, 1890, ii. 283. 
"The protection of iron and steel ships against foundering from injury 
to their shells, including the use of armour." By Sir N. Barnaby, 

1890, ii. 438. 

" The development of the marine engine, and the progress made in marine 

engineering during the past fifteen years." By A. E. Seaton, 1890, 

ii. 460. 
" Notes on the iron and steel industries of the United States." By W. 

Colqdhoun, American volume, 225. 
"Recent progress in the manufacture of war material in the United 

States." By W. H. Jaques, 1891, i. 156. 
"The constitution of the royal ordnance factories." By Sir William 

Anderson, 1891, ii. 5. 
" The measurement of the velocity of projectiles." By H. C. L. Holden, 

1891, ii. 12. 

" The manufacture of continuous sheets of malleable iron and steel direct 

from fluid metaL" By Sir H. Bessemer, 1891, ii. 23. 
" The manufacture and application of chilled cast iron (Gruson's system)." 

By E. Reimers, 1892, i. 126. 
"The Liverpool overhead railway." By J. H. Greathead, 1892, ii. 42. 
"Iron and steel wire, and the development of its manufacture." By 

J. P. Bedson, 1893, ii. 77. 
" Suggested improvements in the manufacture of steel plates." By William 

MuiRHEAD, 1893, ii. 102. 
"Electricity as a motive power in the iron and steel industries." By 

D. Sblby-Bigge, 1894, i. 252. 
" Electrical power in Belgian ironworks." By D. Selby-Bigge, 1894, ii. 122. 
"The manufacture of steel projectiles in Russia." By Seroius Kern, 

1895, i. 194. 
"The production of metallic bars of any section by extrusion at high 

temperatures." By P. F. Nursey, 1896, i. 53. 
"The * Weardale' furnace." By H. W. Hollis, 1897, i. 56. 
"The manufacture of tinplates." By G. B. Hammond, 1897, ii. 24. 
" Steel permanent way." By R. Price- Williams, 1898, i. 94. 
" Ingots for gun tubes and propeller shafts." By F. J. R. Carulla, 1900, 

i. 163. 
" A new method of producing high temperatures." By Ernest F. Lanob, 

1900, ii 191. 



74 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 



PHYSIOAL PROPERTIES. 

^ Description of a new testing machine for metals." By L. Olrick, 1871, 

i. 429. 
** The strength of rail jointe." By C. P. Sandbkrg, 1875, 574. 
"Iron versus wooden cross -sleepers for railroads." By J. L. Wbyers, 

1877, 203. 

" Experiments with the new artillery made from steel without blowholes." 

By F. Gautibr, 1877, 396. 
" Statistics respecting the production and depreciation of rails, and notes 

on the application of wrought iron and steel to permanent ways, with 

a description of a new kind of railway sleeper and clip-chair." By 

Charles Wood, 1878, 74. 
"The mechanical and other properties of iron and mild steel." By 

Daniel Adamson, 1878, 383. 
"Certain matters affecting the use of steel." By Ernest Makch^, 

1878, 404. 

"The mechanical properties of iron and mild steeL" By Daniel 
Adamson (Part II.), 1879, 30. 

"Some physical changes occurring in iron and steel at high tempera- 
tures." By Sir Thomas Wrightson, 1879, 418. 

" Hardening iron and steel, its causes and effects." By Richard Akerman, 

1879, 504. 

"Some physical changes occurring in iron and steel at high tempera- 
tures." By Sir Thomas Wrightson (second paper), 1880, 11. 

" Report on the results obtained by testing steel rails at natural and at arti- 
ficially lowered temperatures." By Demetrius Joiraffsky, 1880, 192. 

"The results obtained with various systems of iron permanent way in 
Prussia." By E. Qruttefien, 1880, 488. 

"Experiments made to determine certain physical properties of cast 
iron." By Charles Markham, 1881, 84. 

" Certain physical tests and properties of mild steeL" By E. Richards, 
1882, 11. 

"The Royal Prussian Institutes for testing iron and steel at Berlin." 
By H. Wedding, 1882, 464. 

"The chemical composition and testing of steel rails." By Q. J. 
Snelus, 1882, 582. 

"Steel wire of high tenacity." By J. Percy, 1886, i. 62. 

" The application of very high powers to the study of the microscopical 
structure of steel." By H. C. Sorby, 1886, i. 140. 

"The endurance of steel rails." By F. W. Webb, 1886, i. 148. 

"Experiments made with steel rails in Russia." By M. Becr-Guerhard, 
1886, i. 204. 

"The erosion of gun-barrels by powder products." By Sir F. A. Abel 
and Col. E. Maitland, 1886, ii. 465. 

"The chemical composition and mechanical properties of chrome steel." 
By H. A. Brustlein, 1886, ii. 770. 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 75 

"The microscopical structure of iron and steel." By H. C. Sorby, 

1887, i. 255. 

"A horizontal compound lever- testing machine of 15,000 powers, with 
further recording lever of 150,000 powers." By Daniel Adamson, 

1888, ii. 12. 

" Manganese steel." By R. A. Hadfield, 1888, ii. 41. 

" Alloys of nickel and steel." By J. Riley, 1889, i. 45. 

** The influence of copper on tlie tensile strength of steel." By E. J. 
Ball and A. W. Wingham, 1889, i. 123. 

"The Thomasset testing machine.' By F. Gautier, 1889, i. 184. 

" Alloys of iron and silicon." By R. A. Hadfield, 1889, ii. 222. 

"Aluminium steel." By R. A. Hadfield, 1890, ii. 161. 

"The wear of metal as influenced by its chemical and physical pro- 
perties." By C. B. Dudley, 1890, ii. 250. 

" The inspection of materials of construction in the United States." By 
G. H. Clapp and A. E. Hunt, 1890, ii. 294. 

"The tests of steel used in the manufacture of artillery." By Sir W. 
Anderson, 1891, i. 60. 

" Note on the microstructure of steel." By F. Osmond, 1891, i. 100. 

"The changes in iron produced by thermal treatment" (Part II.). By 

E. J. Ball, 1891, i. 103. 

"Experiments with basic steel." By Sir W. H. White, 1892, i. 32. 

"The alloys of iron and chromium." By R. A. Hadfield. Including 
a report by F. Osmond, 1892, ii. 49. 

"Failures in the necks of chilled iron rolls." By C. A. Winder, 1892, 
ii. 176. 

" The physical influence of elements on iron." By J. 0. Arnold, 1 894, i. 107. 

"The results of heat treatment of manganese steel and their bearing 
upon carbon steel." By R. A. Hadfield, 1894, i. 156. 

"Methods of preparing polished surfaces of iron and steel for micro- 
scopic examination." By J. E. Stead, 1 894, i. 292. 

"Observations on the relations between the chemical constitution and 
ultimate strength of steel." By W. R. Webster, 1894, i. 328. 

" The effect of arsenic on steel." By J. E. Stead, 1895, i. 77. 

"Nickel steel and its advantages over ordinary steel." By H. A. 
WiOGiN, 1895, ii. 164. 

" Cooling curves and tests for cast iron." By W. J. Keep, 1895, ii. 227. 

" Tests of the physical properties of cast iron." By T. D. West, 1895, ii. 249. 

"The hardening of steel." By H. M. Howe, 1895, ii. 258. 

" Report on the International Congress for the unification of methods of 
testing." By G. Lunge, 1895, ii. 310. 

"The rate of diffusion of carbon in iron." By Sir W. C. Roberts- 
Austen, 1896, i. 139. 

"Further notes on the hardening of steel." By H. M. Howb and A. 
Sauveur, 1896, i. 170. 

"Notes on Mr. Howe's researches on the hardening of steel." By 

F. Osmond, 1896, i. 180. 



76 UST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

'* Microscopic accessories for metallographers." By J. E. Stead, 1897, 

i. 42. 
" Relation of carbon to iron at high temperatures." By G. P. Rotstok, 

1897, i. 166. 
" Influence of phosphorus on cold-shortness." By Baron H. JOptner von 

JOMSTORFF, 1897, i. 224. 
" Specific heat of iron at high temperatures.'' By W. N. Hartley, 1897, 

i. 304. 
"Carbon and iron." By E. H. Saniter, 1897, ii. 115. 
" Portable recorder for tests of metals." By G. C. Hbnning, 1897, ii. 155. 
" Crystalline structure of iron and steel." By J. E. Stead, 1898, i. 145. 
*• Allotropic iron and carbon.** By E. H. Saniter, 1898, i 206. 
" Brittleness in soft steel." By C. H. Ridsdale, 1898, 1 220. 
" Danger of using too hard steel rails." By C. P. Sandbkrg, 1898, ii. 76. 
** Brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing." By J. E. Stead, 1898, 

ii. 137. 
** Action of the projectile and of the explosives on the tubes of steel guns." 

By Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 1898, ii. 233. 
" Theories and facts relating to cast iron and steel." By B. S. Summers, 

1899, i. 162. 
" Practical microscopic analysis for use in the steel industries." By C. H. 

Ridsdale, 1899, ii. 102. 
" The relation between the structure of steel and its thermal and mechani- 
cal treatment." By A. Sauveur, 1899, ii. 195. 
**The constitution of steel." By E. D. Campbell, 1899, ii. 223. 
** Theories and facts relating to cast iron and steel." By B. S. Summers, 

1899, ii. 240. 
" Iron and phosphoi-us." By J. E. Stead, 1900, ii. 60. 
** American standard specifications and methods of testing iron and steel.** 

By A. L. Colby, 19(X), ii. 215. 



CHEMICAL PROPERTIES. 

" Condition of carbon and silicon in iron and steel." By Q. J. Snelds, 

1871, i 28. 
*' The reduction of pure anhydrous sesquioxide of iron with pure carbon 

in roctto." By John Parry, 1872, ii. 251. 
" Oases occluded in pig iron, steel, and wrought iron." By John Parry, 

1873, 429. 

" The absorption of hydrogen by grey pig iron ; also, on the probable 
absorption of zinc, cobalt, cadmium, bismuth, and magnesium by grey 
pig iron heated in vacuo in vapours of the same." By John Parry, 

1874, 92. 

" The protection from atmospheric action which is imparted to metals by 
a coating of certain of their own oxides respectively." By John 
Percy, 1877, 456. 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 77 

" The cause of blisters on blister steel." By John Percy, 1877, 460. 

" Blister steel." By John Perot, 1878, 116. 

" Preliminary experiments to determine the existence of nitrogen in 

steel" By Alfred H. Allen, 1879, 480. 
" further experiments on the existence of nitrogen in iron and steel." By 

Alfred H. Allen, 1880, 181. 
" The relative corrosion of iron and steel." By William Parker, 1881, 

39. 
" Hydrogen and carbonic oxide in iron and steel." By John Parry, 

1881, 183. 
"The distribution of elements in steel ingots." By G. J. Snelus, 1881, 

379. 
"The occlusion or absorption of gaseous matter by fused silicates at 

high temperatures, and its possible connection with volcanic agency." 

By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1881, 532. 
"The mutual relations of carbon and iron in steel." By Geo. E. 

Woodcock, 1882, 105. 
"The electro-deposition of iron." By Sir W. C. Roberts- Austkn, 1887, 

i. 71. 
" An imperfection in mild steel plates, considered chemically." By 

Herbert Eccles, 1888, i. 70. 
"The effect of arsenic on mild steel." By F. W. Harbord and A. E. 

Tucker, 1888, i. 183. 
" 'I'he chemical processes involved in the rusting of iron." By A. C. 

Brown, 1888, ii. 129. 
"'I'he application of thermal chemistry to metallurgical reactions." By 

A, Pourcel, 1889, i. 152. 
" The critical points of iron and steel." By F. Obmond, 1890, i. 38. 
"The carburisation of iron by the diamond." By Sir W. C. Roberts- 
Austen, 1890, i. 81. 
"Certain chemical phenomena in the manufacture of steel." By W. 

Galbraith, 1890, i. 134. 
" The Rollet process for producing a pure carbide of iron." By A. 

Rollbt, 1890, i. 154. 
*• An imdescribed phenomenon in the fusion of mild steel." By F. J. R. 

Carulla, 1891, ii. 67. 
"The production of pure iron and steel." By Col. H. Dyer, 1892, i. 88. 
"The modifications of carbon in iron." By A. Ledebur, 189;i, ii. 53. 
"The influence of aluminium upon the carbon in ferro-carbon alloys.' 

By T. W. Hogg, 1894, ii. 104. 
"Ternary alloys of iron." By J. S. de Benneville, 1895, i. 202. 
** A study of some alloys with ii-on carbides, mainly manganese and tung- 
sten." By J. S. DE Benneville, 1896, i. 222. 
"The presence of fixed nitrogen in steel." By F. W. Harbord and 

T. TwTNAM, 1896, ii. 161. 
"The missing carbon." By T. W. Hogg, 1896, ii. 179. 
" Passive iron." By J. S. de Benneville, 1897, ii. 40. 



78 LIST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

"The diffusion of sulphides through steel." By E. D. Campbbll, 1897, 

ii. 80. 
"The solution theory of iron and steel." By Ban>n H. Juptner von 

JoNSTORFF, 1898, i. 235. 
"The action of metalloiiis on cast iron." By G. R. Johnson, 1898, ii. 

200. 
"The solution theory of iron and steel." By Baron H. JtJPTNER von 

JoNSTORFF, 1898, ii. 243. 
" The diffusion of sulphides through steel." By E. D. Campbell, 1898, 

ii. 256. 
" The diffusion of elements in iron." By J. 0. Arnold and A. M' William, 

1899, i. 85. 
"The solution theory of iron and steel." By Baron H. JOptner von 

JONSTORFF, 1899, i. 204. 
" The present position of the solution theory of carburised iron." By A . 

Stansfield, 1899, ii. 169. 
"The solution theory of iron and steel." By Baron H. JCftner von 

JoNSTORFF, 1900, i. 219. 
" Influence of aluminium on the carbon in cast steel." By Q. Melland 

and H. W. Waldron, 1900, ii. 244. 
" Iron and steel from the point of view of the phase-doctrine." By H. W. 

Bakhuis Roozeboom, 1900, ii. 311. 
" The present position of the solution theory of carburised iron." By A. 

Stansfikld, 1900, il 317. 



CHEMICAL ANALYSIS. 

ANALYSIS OF IRON AND STEEL. 

"Spectrum analysis." By Sir H. E. Roscoe, 1871, ii. 38. 

" The estimation of pliosphorus in cast and wrought iron, steel, and iron 

ore." By John Pakrt. 1872, ii. 248. 
Experiments to illuntrate Sir John Alleyne's paper "On the estimation of 

small quantities of phosphorus by spectrum analysis," 1876, 59. 
*' The estimation of small quantities of phosphorus in iron and steel by 

spectrum analysis." By Sir John G. N. Alleyne, 1876, 62. 
"The estimation of manganese in spiegeleisen, and of manganese arid 

ii-on in manganiferous iron ores." By Edward Riley, 1877, 52. 
" A new volumetric method of determining manganese in manganiferous 

iron ores, spiegeleisen, steel, &c." By John Pattinson, 1879, 209. 
" The application of the spectroscope to the analysis of iron and steel." 

By John Parry and Alex. E. Tucker, 1880, 163. 
" A new method for the determination of oxygen in iron and steel." By 

Alex. E. Tucker, 1881, 205. 
" A new method for the estimation of minute quantities of carbon, and a 

new form of chromometer." By J. E. Stead, 1883, 213. 



/ 




THE JOURNAL O? THE IRON AND STEEL INS'ITTUTE. 79 



(C 



The spectroscopic examination of vapours evolved on heating iron, &c., 

at atmospheric pressure.'* By John Parrt, 1884, 636. 
''A new instrument for the measurement of colour, more especially as 

applied to the estimation of carbon in steel." By H. Lb Neve Foster, 

1888, i. 197. 
"The estimation of phosphorus in the basic Siemens steel bath." By 

W. Galbraith, 1890, i. 142. 
" International standards for the analysis of iron and steel." By J. W. 

Lanolet, 1890, ii. 583. 
" The determination of chromium in ferro-chromium ." By W. Qalbraith, 

1893, i. 146. 
''Methods of determining chromium." By J. E. Stead, 1893, i. 153. 
"The analysis of steel." By H. K. Bamber, 1894, i. 319. 
"Colour gauges for carbon testing." By W. G. lilcMiLLAN, 1894, ii. 157. 
"The introduction of standard methods of analysis." By Baron H. 

JdFTNER VON JONSTORFF, 1896, i. 80. 

" The determination of hardening carbon and carbide carbon." By Baron 
H. J6PTNER VON JONSTORFP, 1897, i. 248. 

ANALYSIS OF IRON ORES AND SLAGS. 

"The separation of silica in the analysis of limestone, iron ores, and 

other minerals." By H. Rocholl, 1880, 201. 
"A new method for the analysis of chrome ore and ferro-chromium." 

By E. H. Saniter, 1895, ii. 153. 
"The estimation of sulphur in iron ores." By R. W. Atkinson and 

A. J. Atkinson, 1896, ii. 207. 
"Spectroscopic analysis of iron ores." By W. N. Hartley and H. 

Kamaoe, 1897, ii. 182. 

ANALYSIS OF GAS. 

"The gases evolved from pig iron, Pteel, and wrought iron and coke on 
heating in vacuo, and on the estimation of carbon in the same." By 
John Parry, 1872, ii. 238. 

"An improved apparatus designed for the analysis of blast-furnace and 
other gases." By J. E. Stkad, 1880, 68. 

" Improvements in apparatus for gas analysis." By J. E. Stead, 1884, 183. 



STATISTICS AND TOPOaBAPHT. 

"The rise and progress of the iron manufacture in Scotland." By John 

Mayer, 1872, ii. 28. 
"The rise and progress of iron shipbuilding on the Clyde." By D. 

Rowan, 1872, ii. 78. 
"The westward development of the iron manufacture in the United 

States," By T. Guilford Smith, 1872, ii. 102. 



80 UST OF PAPERS CONTAINED IN 

"Statistics of the manufacturing and commercial movement of coke in 

Belgium." By Max Qoebel, 1873, 350. 
*'The rise and progress of the iron and steel industries in Belgium." 

By Julian Dbby, 1873, 391. 
*' Notes of a visit to coal and iron mines and ironworks in tlie United 

States." By Sir Lowthian Bell, 1875, 80. 
"Technical education in connection with the iron trade." By John 

Jones, 1876, 342. 
"Notes on the resources of the iron manufacture in France." By S. 

Jordan, 1878, 316. 
"The most recent advances in the manufacture of iron and steel, as 

illustrated in the Paris Exhibition.'' By Richard Arbrman, 1878, 

359. 
"The iron industry of Germany." By Hermann Wedding, 1880, 451. 
" The consumption and economy of fuel in the iron and steel manufac- 
ture." By J. S. Jeans, 1882, 128. 
" The iron industry of Styria and Carinthia." By P. von Tunner, 1882, 

426. 
"The iron industry of Hungary." By A. von Kerpely, 1882, 435. 
" The iron trade of Scotland." By F. J. Rowan, 1885, 376. 
"The rise and progress of the Scotch steel trade." By James Biley, 

1885, 394. 
"The South Chicago Iron and Steel Works, with details of their cost, 

&c." By E. C. Potter, 1887, i. 163. 
" Recent metallurgical and mechanical progress, as illustrated at the Man- 
chester Exhibition." By Thomas Ashbury, 1887, ii. 22. 
" The mining and metallurgical exhibits at the Glasgow Exhibition." By 

W. J. Millar, 1888, ii. 137. 
"The progress made in the German iron industry since the year 1880." 

By E. Schrodter, 1889, i. 112. 
" Notes on the iron and steel manufacture in France, and as illustrated by 

the French exhibits at Paris." By S. Jordan, 1889, ii. 10. 
" The iron development and ore resources of Virginia." By E. C. Pechin, 

1890, ii. 318. 

"1'he progress of German practice in the metalhirgy of iron and steel 
since 1876." By H. Wedding, 1890, ii. 491. 

"The American iron trade and its progress during sixteen years." By 
Sir Lowthian Bell, American volume, 1 . 

"The illustrations of progress in materials for shipbuilding and engineer- 
ing at the Royal Naval Exhibition, London." By Sir W. H. White, 

1891, ii. 42. 

"The metallurgic department of the Shefl&eld Technical School." By 

B. H. Thwaite, 1891, ii. 93. 
" The University College Walker engineering laboratories and the scheme 

of engineering instruction." By H. S. Hele Shaw, 1892, ii. 194. 
" Iron and steel at the Chicago Exliibition." By H. Bauerman, 1893, 

ii. 21. 



THK JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 81 

" Notes on the Chicago Exhibition." By R. A. Hadpield, 1893, ii. 182. 
" The iron and steel industries of Belgium." By A. Gillon, 1894, ii. 7. 
"The mining industry of Belgium." By A. Briart, 1894, ii. 11. 
"The iron industry of South Staffordshire." By D. Jonks, 1895, ii. 8. 
** The ironworks of the South of Russia." By G. Kamensky, 1695, ii. 70. 
" The iron and steel industry of Spain." By Paulo de Alzola, 1896, ii. 5. 
"The iron industry of Hungary." By 1). A. Louis, 1897, ii. 193. 
"Outlines of the development of the Swedish iron industry." By R. 

Akerman, 1898, ii. 7. 
" Report on the Jubilee of the Austrian Society of Civil Engiueei-s." By 

Bennett H. Brough, 1899, i. 253. 
" Iron industry in the territory of His Highness the Nizam of Hyderabad, 

Deccan." By Syed Ali Bilorami, 1899, ii. 65. 
" India as a centre for steel manufacture." By R. H. Mahon, 1899, ii. 83. 
" Development of the iron industry in France from 1888 to 1898." By 

H. PiNGBT, 1900, ii. 39. 
"Iron and steel at the Universal Exhibition, Paris, 1900." By H. 

Bauerman, 1900, ii. 156. 



INDEX OF AUTHORS OF PAPERS 



CONTAINED IN 



THE JOURNAL OF THE IRON AND STEEL INSTITUTE. 



1869-1900 



Abel, Sir F. A., 1886, 465. 

1891, i. 18. 

1892, i. 13. 

1892, ii. 4. 

Adams, William, 1871, i. 13. 
AdamsoD, Daniel, 1875, 360. 

1878, 383. 

1879, 30. 

1887, i. 8. 

1888, i. 13. 

1888, ii. 12. 

Addcnbrooke, G., 1871, ii. 6. 
Akerman, Richard, 18712, ii. 110. 

1878, 359. 

1879, 504. 

1880, 599. 

1890, i. 24. 

1898, ii. 7. 

Allan, George, 1887, i. 42. 
Allen, Alfred H., 1879, 480. 

1880, 181. 

Allen, W. D., 1881, 373. 

1883, 70. 

1891, ii. 62. 

AUeyne, Sir John G. N., 1875, 62. 
Alzola, P. de, 1896, ii. 5. 
Anderson, Sir William, 1891, L 60. 

1891, ii. 5. 

Armstrong, H. E., 1885, 120. 
Arnold, J. O., 1894, i. 107. 
1897, i. 77. 

1898, il 185. ^ 



Arnold, J. O., 1K99, i. 85 
Ashbury, Thomas, 1887, ii 22. 
Atkinson, A. J., 1896, ii. 207. 
Atkinson, R. W., 1896, ii. 207. 

Baabb, Fritz, 1883, 274. 
Baker, Benjamin, 1885, 491. 
Bakhuis-Iioozeboom, H. W., llKXi, ii. 

311. 
Ball, E. J.. 1889, i. 123. 

1890, i. 85. 

18ia, i. 103. 

1892, i. 102. 

Bambcr, H. K., 1894, i. 31i>. 
Barnaby, Sir Nathaniel, 1879, 4.-. 

1890, ii. 438. 

Bauerman, H., 1886, 88. 

1893, il 21. 

1898, i. 134. 

1899, i. 55. 

1900, ii. 156. 

Bayles, J. C, 1890, ii. 283. 
Beaumont, Major, 1873, 373. 
Beck-Guerhard, M., 1886, 204. 
Bedson, J. P., 1893, ii. 77. 
Bell, John, 1871, il 33. 
Bell, Sir Lowthian, 1869, 37. 

1871, i. 35. 

1871, ii. 67. 

1871, ii. 228. 

1871, ii. 277. 

1872, L 1. 



88 



84 



INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Bell, Sir LowthiaD, 1873, 11. 

1873, 266. 

1874, 18. 

1876, 80. 

1875, 155. 

1876, 400. 

1875. 461. 

1877, 108. 

1877, 822. 

1878, 17. 

1881, 632. 

1882, 534. 

1883, 119. 

1884, 13. 

1885, 67. 

1887, ii. 74. 

1889, ii. 139. 

1890, ii. 406. 

American Vol., 1. 

1892, u. 11. 

1893, ii 219. 

1894, iL 38. 

Betineville, J. S. de, 1895, i. 202. 

1896, i. 222. 

1897, iL 40. 

Benson, G. H., 1869, 196. 
Berard, Aristide, 1873, 428. 
Bergen. A. von, 1886, 207. 
Berryman, Robert, 1874, 137. 
Bertrand, E., 1897, i. 115. 
Bessemer, Sir Henry, 1871, i. 365. 

1886, 638. 

1891, ii. 23. 

BUes, J. H., 1886, 478. 
Blair, Thomas, 1886, 81. 
Bodmer, J. J., 1872, ii. 134. 
Bonehill, E., 1895, ii. 43. 
Boatmy, Charles, 1873, 399. 
Bower, George, 1881, 166. 
Briart, A., 1894, ii. 11. 
Britten, Bashley, 1876, 463. 
Brogden, A., 1874, 300. 
Brough, Bennett H., 1887, i. 289. 

1899, i. 253. 

Brown, A. Cnim, 1888, ii. 129. 
Brown, Richard, 1879, 355. 
Browne, Walter R., 1884, 8S. 
Brustlein, H. A., 1886, 770. 
Budd, J. Palmer, 1869, 133. 
Butler, J. 0., 1876, 428. 



Batler, Edmund, 1876, 449. 
Butlin, W. H., 1883, 188. 
Butter, H. J., 1881, 462. 
Buttgenbach, Franz, 1873, 310. 



Cadell, H. M., 1888, ii. 150. 
Callendar, H. L., 1892, L 164. 
Campbell, E. D., 1897, ii. 80. 

1898, ii. 266. 

1899, ii. 223. 

Carnegie, Andrew, 1885, 168. 
Carulla, F. J. R, 1891, ii 67. 

1897, i 284 

1900, i 163. 

Clapp, G. H.. 1890, ii 294. 
Clarke, C. Purdon, 1886, 200. 

1886, 738. 

Clarkson, Thomas, 1893, ii 131. 
Cochrane, C, 1898, i. 69. 
Colby, A. L., 1900, ii. 215. 
Colquhoun, Wm., American VoL, 
225. 

1896, ii. 20J. 

Cooper, Arthur, 1880, 79. 

1884, 407. 

1895, i 66. 

Cooper, F. E., 1888, ii 83. 
Cowper, E. A., 1883, 576. 
Crampton, T. R., 1873, 91. 

1874, 384. 

Crooke, Walter, 1890, ii 340. 
Cubillo, L.. 1881. 151. 

1888, i 123. 

1892, i 245. 



Daelen, R M., 1883, 552. 
Dale, Sir D., 1895. i 17. 
Danks, Samuel, 1871, ii. 258. 
Darby, J. H., 1889, i 78. 

1896, i 144. 

1898, i 44. 

Davidson, J., 1881, 473. 
Davis, Alfred, 1879, 476. 
Deby, Julian, 1873, 391. 

1875, 194. 

Dellwik, C, 1900, i 119. 
Denny, William, 1881, 54. 
Devonshire, the Duke of, 1869, 5. 



INDEX 07 AUTHORS. 



Dick, A., 1894, a. Ui. 
Dick, F. TV., 1SS4, 453. 
Di«dier, B., lOHii, i. ISO. 
Dixon, H., 1SS3. 494. 
Dove, Geoi^. jnn,, 1878, 318. 
Dredge, James, 1890, ii. 369. 
Dudley. O.B., 1800, 11.260. 
Dyer, H., 1802, i. 88. 



ECCLBB. Herbert, 1888, 1. 70. 



I GjerB, L. F., 1900, I. 164. 
Goebel, Max, 1873. 350. 
Gordon, F. W.. 1886, 770. 
Greathead, James H., 1892, 11 
Greeo, A. H.. 1876, 305. 
Greener, T., 1873, 13B. 
Greenwell, G, C, 1877, 493. 
Greinec. A.. 1898. i. 21. 

1900. 11. 109. 

GrUttefien, E., 1880, 488. 



Fkkbib. WiUiam, 1871. L 432. 
Fish. W. C. 1889, il. 208. 
Flemlog, J. A., 1887, ii. 162. 
Flower, Philip W., 1888, 36. 
Forljes, David, 1871, i. 238. 

1871. L 460. 

Foater. H. Le Neve, 1888. i. 197. 
Fnniags, Edward, 1874, 116. 

Oalbbaith, William, 1800. i. 134. 



HabKTS, A.. 1873, 285. 
Hackney, William, 1875, 414. 

1875, 523. 

Hadlield. R. A., 1888. 11. 41. 

1880. 11. 222. 

— 1890. il. lei. 
1892, U. 49, 

1894, i. 156. 

■ 1894, il 



1893, i 



139. 



1890. i. 142. 


Halcomb, C. H., 1878, 138. 


1893, 1. 146. 


Hall. B. J., 1896, 1.20. 


Garrison, V. Lynwood, 188!>, ii 


Hammond, G. B., 1H97, IL 24 


269. 


Hatiilyside, H., 1876,14*. 


1890, i. 106. 


Harbord, F. W., 1886, 700. 


Gautler. Ferdmand, 1876, 43. 


1888, i. 183. 


1877. 40. 


, 1896, ii. 161. 


1877. 396. 


Hardiaty. John, 1886.661. 


1881. 452. 


Harmet. 1879, ISO. 


1886, 151. 


Harrison. J. H., 1900. i. lr.4. 


1886, 727. 


Hartley. W. N., 1895. 11. 06. 


1886. 743. 


— 1897, 1. :-«M. 


1888, i. 58. 


1897, ii. 182. 


1889, 1. 184. 


Hartman.J M., 1883,261. 


Gayley, Jamea, 1890, Ii. If. 


Harvrei. Jules, 1873.414. 


Geikie, James. 13T2. ii. S. 


Hawdon. William, 1883, 101. 


GUchrist, Percy C. 1879, 120. 


1894,1.78. 


1881, 407. 


Head, A. P., 1899, i. 69. 


1886. 497. 


Head, Jeremiah, 1871,56. 


1887, L 212. 


— 1872, i. 220. 


Gill, William, 1882,63. 


1873, 117. 


1896. ii. 86. 


1873, 161. 


GiUon.Aug., 1873, 33B. 


189J. i. 47. 


1894, 11. 7. 


j 1896. ii. 139. 


GUIot, Thomas, 1870, 69. 


1 1897, i. 89. 


GJBTB, John, 1871, iL 202. 


1 Head, John, 1886. 126. 


1882, 666. 


1 1888, 9B. 



86 



INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Head, John, 1889, ii. 256. 

1890, i. 18. 

1898, i. 125. 

Healey, B. D., 1873, 183. 
Heath, R, 1871, ii. 1. 
Hele-Shaw, H. S., 1892, iL 194. 
Hendley, T. H., 1886, 738. 
Henning, G. C, 1897, ii. 155. 
Heraent, H., 1889, ii. 40. 
Hewitt, A. 8., 1890, ii. 844. 
Hibbard, H. D., 1896, ii. 168. 
Hogg, T. W., 1894, ii. 104. 

1896, ii. 179. 

Holland, C. B., 1878, 104. 

1880, 79. 

Holden, J. S., 1871, i. 460. 
Holden, H. C. L., 1891, il 12. 
HoUey, Alexander L., 1874, 348. 

1874, 868. 

Hollis, H. W., 1893, iL 142. 

1897, i. 56. 

Homer, Charles J., 1871, ii. 1. 

1875, 540. 

Howe, Henry M., 1890, ii. 95. 

1895, ii. 258. 

1896, i. 170. 

Howson, Richtfrd, 1869, 172. 

1872, i. 332. 

1876, 357. 

1877; 152. 

1877. 416. 

1883, 585. 

Hughes, H. W., 1895, ii. 22. 
Hunt, Alfred E., 1890, ii. 294. 
Hunt, T. S., 1890, ii. 628. 



I'Anson, James, 1893, ii. 155. 
Ireland, J., 1878, 47. 
Irvine, A. K., 1872, ii. 76. 



I Jones, D., 1895, ii. 8. 
. Jones, John, 1871, ii. 83. 

1876. 342. 

Jones, J. A., 1872, L 278. 

Jones, William, 1885, 410. 

Jones, W. R., 1881, 129. 

1881, 370. 

Jordan, 8., 1878, 316. 

1889, ii. 10. 

Jouraffsky, Demetrius, 1880, 192. 

Joy, David, 1875, 220. 

JUptner, Baron H. von, 1896, i. 80. 

1897, i. 224. 

1897, i. 248. 

1898, i. 235. 

1898, ii. 243. 

1899, i. 204. 

1900, i. 219. 

1900, ii. 276. 



Kamensky, G., 1895, ii. 70. 
Kamp, William, 1873, 357. 
Eatona, L., 19iX), ii. 259. 
Keep, W. J., 1890, i. 112. 

1895, ii. 227. 

Kern, Sergius, 1881, 80. 

1895, i. 194. 

Kerpeley, A. von, 1882, 435. 
Kirk, H., 1876, 367. 

1877, 140. 

Kitson, Sir James, 1889, I 13 

1890, ii. 391. 

Knowles, F. K., 1897, i. 77. 
Kohn, F., 1871, i. 70. 

1871, i. 400. 

Kupelwieser, Paul, 1881, 397. 

1893, ii. 6. 

Kurzwemhart, A., 1882, 451. 



Jameson, J., 1883, 504. 
Jaques, W. H., 1891, i. 156. 
Jeans, J. S., 1882, 128. 
Jenkins, H. C, 1891, i. 151. 
John, William, 1884, 138. 
Johnson, G. R., 1898, ii. 200. 
Johnson, Henry, 1871, ii. 191. 
Johnston, James, 1888, i 102. 



Lanqe, E. F. S., 1900, il 191. 
Langley, J. W., 1890, ii. 683. 
Ledebur, A., 1893, ii. 53. 
Lencauchez, J. A., 1894, ii. 139. 
Lester, J., 1872, i. 286. 
Levi, C. Montefiore, 1873, 408. 
Loomis, Burdett, 1890, ii. 275. 
Louis, D. A., 1897, ii. 193. 
Louis, H., 1879, 219. 



INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



87 



Lonis, H., 1899, i. 80. 
Lonth, B. L., 1872, ii. 86. 
Landbobm, H., 1898, ii. 111. 
Lunge, G., 1895, ii 310. 
Liirmann, F., 1880, 575. 
Lathy, Robert, 1874, 341. 



McMillan, W. G., 1894, ii. 167. 

1895, ii. 335. 

McNeill, H. C, 1899, ii. 18. 
M'William, A., 1899, i. 85. 
MahoD, R. H., 1899, ii. 83. 
Maitland, Eurdlej, 1881, 424. 

1866, 465. 

Malherbe. Renier, 1873, 277. 
March^, Ernest, 1878, 404. 
Markham, Charles, 1881, 84. 
Martin, E. P., 1897, i. 19. 
Massenez, Joseph, 1880, 475. 

1891, ii. 76. 

Massicks, Thomas, 1882. G02. 
Major, John, 1872, ii. 28. 
Maynard, G. W., 1874, 109. 
Maynard, H. N., 1879, 39. 
Melland, G., 1900, ii. 224. 
Menelaii.s, William, 1869, 1S7. 

1875, 16. 

Millar, W.J. . 188S,ii. 137. 
MUler, J. W., 1899, ii. 160. 
Morrison, H. M., 1873, 130. 
Morton. E. H., 1874, 102. 
Mosley, Paget, 1882, 53. 
Mulrhead, William, 1893, ii. 102. 



Napieb. R D., 1872, ii. 43. 
Natorp, Gustav, 1880, 588. 
Nordenfelt, Thoraten, 1876, 149. 
Nordenstrom. G., 1898, ii. 35. 
Nursey, P. F., 1896, i. 53. 



Olrick, Lewis, 1871, i. 429. 
Onle-Browne, C, 1884, 1H;. 
Osmond, F., 1890, i. 38. 

1891, i. 100. 

1892, ii. 49. 

11896, i. 180. 

Otto, C, 1884, 517. 



Paget, F. A., 1872, i. 838. 
Palmer, Sir C. M., 1870, 43. 
Parker, William, 1881, 39. 

1883, 66. 

Parry, John, 1872, ii. 238. 

1872, ii. 248. 

1872, ii. 261. 

1873, 429. 

1874, 92. 

1880, 168. 

1881, 183. 

1884, 536. 

Parton, T., 1871, ii. 6. 
Pattinson, John, 1876, 85. 

1879, 209. 

1888, i. 171. 

l>carce, G. C, 1871, 24. 
Pechin, Edmund C, 1890, ii. 318. 
Pendred, H. W., 1876, 77. 
I'orcy. John, 1877, 456. 

1877, 460. 

1878, 116. 

1885, 8. 

1886, 62. 

Pdrissd, Sylvain, 1878, 459. 
I'etin, Jules, 1874, 143. 
Picton, J. A., 1879, 387. 
Pinget, H., 1900, ii. 39. 
Pink, R., 1880. 57. 
Plum, T. W., 1871, ii. 224. 

1878, 299. 

Pohlig. J., 1890. ii. 612. 
Ponthiore, H., 1897, ii. 96. 
Potter, E. C, 1887, i. 163. 
Pouff. P., 1889, ii. 256. 

1890, i. 18. 

Pourcel, A., 1879, 341. 

1882, 509. 

1889, i. 162. 

Price-Williams, R., 1881, 108. 

1898, i. 94. 

Pye- Smith, Arthur, 1874, 59. 



Ramaoe, H., 1897, ii. 182. 
! Itatliflfe, G., 1879, 449. 
I Reimers, E., 1892, i. 126. 
I Riche, Albert, 1883, 269. 

Richards, Edward, 1882, 11. 

Richards, E. Windsor, 1893, 1. 13. 



INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



Richards, B. Wia[l)<or, 1S94, 1. 17. 
BicketsOD, Joiin, 1890, ii. 3MT. 
RidsilBle, C. H., 1887, i. 222. 

1898. i. 220. 

1899, ii. 102. 

Biley, Edward, 1877, C2. 

1877, 104. 

1879, 1*4. 

1886, 497. 

Bile;, James, 1884, 413. 

188S, 394. 

1886, 448. 

1887, i. 121. 

1889, i. 4E. 

1900, i. 22. 

HobartB-AQBten, Sir W., 1887, i. 71. 

1890, i. 81. 

1891, L 90. 

1892, ii. ;«. 

1893, I. 112. 

1896, i. 139. 

1898. ii. 233. 

1899, L 17. 

ISOO, ii, 8. 

Rocholl, H., 1880.201. 
Boe, J. P., 1882. 181. 
Rollet, A., 1890. i. 154. 
Rosooe, H. E., 1871, ii. 3H. 
Konati, D.. 1872, ii. 78. 
Rowan, ¥. J., 1885, 376. 
BojBton. G. P., 1897. i. 154. 
1897, i. ItiB. 



1887, i. ni. 

Sandberg. C. P., 1876, .''.74. 

1898, ii. 76. 

Saniter, B. H., 1892, ii. 216. 



Sauveur. A., 189(1, i. 170. 

1899, ii. 19,';. 

Schliok, J., 1880, B2R. 



Schneider ft Co., 1889,- ii. 40. 
Scbroedter, E., 1889, i. 112. 
Schwara, C. von, 1900, i. 141. 
Scott, H.,I89S.i. 141. 
Scott, H. K., 1900, i. 179. 
Scott, Michael, 1876, 166. 

1878, 60. 

1881, 146. 

SeatOD, A. E., 1890, ii. 46a 
Seebnlim Ilenrv 884. 372. 
Selbj-Biirge, D„ 1894, i. 262. 

1894. ii. 122. 

Siemenn, Sir C. W., 1871, 1. BO. 

1873, 37. 

1877, 6. 

1877, 34E. 

1878, 307. 

Siemens, Frederick, 1884. 434. 

1886, 686. 

Silliman. B.. 1872, ii. 334. 
Simon, Henry, 1877. 187. 

- 1880, 137. 
. — - 1886, 108. 

Smith, Charles, 1874, 167. 

1874, 310. 

Smith, E. Fisher, 1876, 109. 
Smith. E. H., 1896,1. 66. 
Smith, Hamilton, jnn.. 
Smith. J. T., 1869, 145, 

1871. ii. 2. 

1878, 12. 

1881.12. 

Smith, T. Guilford, 1872, ii. 102. 
Smith, Watson, 1884, 486. 

1886, 102. 

Sraith-Caeson, R, 1884, 60. 

1896, ii. 210. 

Smyth, Warington W., 187G, 43. 
Snelus, G. J.. 1871, i. S8. 

1871, it 181. 

1871, ii. 185. 

- 1871, ii, 247. 
1872. i. 24R. 

1874, 68. 

1875. 513. 

lK7i>. 13f.. 



133. 



INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



89 



Sneliu, G. J., 1894, i. 26. 

1896, ii. 104. 

Soignie, D., 1873, 402. 
SoIdenhoflF, R. de, 1894, ii. 211. 
Sorby, H. C, 1886, 140. 

1887, i. 256. 

Spencer, A., 1872. i. 318. 

1872, iL 96. 

Stansfield, A., 1899, ii. 169. 

1900, iL 317. 

Stead, J. B., 1880, 68. 

1883, 213. 

1884, 183. 

1887, i. 222. 

1888, i. 171. 

1892, ii. 223. 

1898, i. 48. 

1893, i. 153. 

1894, i. 292. 

1895, i. 77. 

1897, i. 42. 

1898, i. 145. 

1898, ii. 137. 

1900, ii. 60. 

SteavensoD, A. L., 1874, 329. 

1877, 403. 

1893, ii 46. 

Steyenson, G., 1872, ii. 47. 
Strahan, Anbrey, 1884, 352. 
Summers, B. S., 1899, i. 162. 

1899, ii. 240. 

SatherUmd, W. S., 1883, 222. 

1884, 72. 

Syed AU Bilgrrami, 1899. ii. 65. 



TAIiBOT, B., 1900, i. 33. 
Tate, K., 1871, i. 460. 
Thielen, Alexander, 1890, ii. 5H4. 
Thomas, Alp., 1877, 439. 
Thomas, Sidney G., 1879, 120. 

1881, 407. 

Thomson, Elibu, 1890. ii. 231. 
Thomson, G^rge, 1875, 172. 
Thwaite, B. H., 1891, ii. 93. 

1892. i 183. 

Tmbshaw, Ernest, 1883, 262. 
Tschemoff, D., 1899, ii. 191. 
Tucker, A. E., 1880, 163. 
1881, 206. 



Tucker, A. E., 1888, i. 183. 
Tunner, Peter von, 1873, 433. 

1882, 96. 

1882, 426. 

Turner, H. G., 1896, ii. 155. 
Turner, Thomas, 1886, 163. 

1887. i. 203. 

1888, i. 28. 

1891, i. 119. 

1893, ii. 162. 

Twynham, T., 1896, ii. 161. 



Vakley, F. H., 1874, 166. 



Wailes, J. W., 1887, ii. 119. 

1892, i. 238. 

Wainford, R. H., 1H99, ii. 53. 
Waldron. II. W., 1900, ii. 224. 
Walford. E. A., 1896, i. 74. 
Walker, B., 1871, i. 417. 

1874, 374. 

Webb. F. W., 18<^rt,148. 
Webster, W. R, 1894, i. 328. 
Wedding, Hermann, 1872, ii. 29ri. 

1880, 451. 

1882, 4tJ4. 

18S5. 187. 

181>0, ii. 491. 

1896, ii. 116. 

West. T. I)., ISO.'i, ii. 249. 

1897, i. 272. 

Wcyers, J. L., 1877, 203. 
White, Sir W. H., 1891, ii. 42. 

1892, i. 32. 

Whitwell, Thomas, 1869, 206. 

1S71, ii. 217. 

Wiborgh, J., 1883, ii. 110. 

1899, i. 197. 

1899, ii. S. 

Wiggin, H. A., 1895, ii. 164. 
Williams, Edward, 1869, 156. 

1879, 8. 

1880, 434. 



Willis, Arthur, 1880, 89. 
Wilson, Alfred, 1888, i. 86. 
Wilson. A. P., 1894, ii. 182. 
Winder, C. A., 1892,iL 176. 
Wingham, Arthur, 1889, i. 123. 



90 



INDEX OF AUTHORS. 



WiDgham, Arthur, 1892, L 102. 

1892, i. 283. 

Wood, Charles, 1873. 186. 

1878, 827. 

1876, 427. 

1877, 443. 

1878. 74. 

1879, 491. 

1879, 497. 

1886, 464. 

Wittgenstein, E., 1882, 461. 



Witz, A., 1898, ii. 130. 
Woodcock, G. E., 1882, 106. 
Woodhouse, J. T., 1871, ii. 26. 

1871. ii. 27. 

Wrlghtson, Sir Thomas, 1874, 338. 

1879, 418. 

1880,11. 

1888, 668. 

1897, ii. 9. 

Wiirzburger, P., 1872, i. 135. 
1874, 287. 



THE JOUENAL 



OF THE 



lEON AND STEEL INSTITUTE 



GENEKAL INDEX 

Volumes xxxvi to LVIII 

1890-1900 



GENERAL INDEX 

VOLUMES XXXVI. to LVIII. 1890-1900. 



ABBAD, M., on the Santa Lucia collieries. 1895, 11. 450. 

ABBOT, J., on a machine for cleaning tin and terne plates. 1890, 11. 814. 

ABBOTT, Vkbnon Francis, elected member. 1899, 1. 1. 

ABEL, Sir Frederick A., acknowledging thanks for address. 1892, i. 31. 

acknowledging thanks to Council. 1892, 1. 9. 

acknowledgment of award of Bessemer medal. 1897, 1. 18. 

acknowledgment of vote of thanks by. 1891, 11. 112. 

acknowledgments of Council to. 1892, 1. 6. 

award of Bessemer gold medal to. 1897, i. 10. 

book on mining by. 1890, 1. 408. 

induction of new President by. 1893, ill. 

on a graphic method for calculating blast-furnace charges. 1891, L 115. 

on an undescrlbed phenomenon in the fusion of iron and steel. 1891, 

ii. 75. 

on automatic methods of observation in use of Le Chatelier pyrometer. 



1891, 1. 98. 

— on change in iron produced by thermal treatment. 1891, i. 117. 

— on economical puddling. 1891, i. 142, 149. 

— on elimination of sulphur from pig-iron. 1891, ii. 92. 

— on experiments on the elimination of sulphur from iron. 1892, i. 125. 

— on experiments with basic steel. 1892, 1. 56, 79. 

— on forging press. 1891, 11. 66. 

— on fuel and its efficiency. 1892, L 225. 

— on illustrations of progress in materials for shipbuilding and engineer- 
ing at the Royal Naval Exhibition. 1891, 11. 60. 

— on iron produced by a new process. 1895, ii. 145. 

— on manufacture and application of chilled cast iron. 1892, i. 155. 

— on measurement of the velocity of projectiles. 1891, ii. 21. 

— on micro-structure of steel. 1891, i. 101. • 

— on platinum pyrometers. 1892, 1. 182. 

— on presenting Bessemer medal. 1892, 1. 9. 

— presidential address of, 1891, i. 18 ; improved chemical knowledge, 
19 ; mineral analyses, 19 ; war material, 20 ; analyses of British ores, 21 ; 
recent analytical progress, 21 ; uniformity of analytical methods, 22 ; ex- 
periments of Sorby and Wedding, 23 ; Wootz steel, 24 ; influence of 
aluminium, 25 ; structure of steel, 25 ; early experiments with projectiles, 
26 ; Osmond's investigations, 27 ; projectiles, 29 ; importance of rest, 30 ; 

93 



94 GENERAL INDEX. 

ABEL, Sib F. A.— continued. 

internal strains, 30 ; oil-hardening, 31 ; influence of impurities, 32 ; re- 
melting of pig iron, 33 ; puddling, 34 ; basic Bessemer process, 85 ; basic 
open-hearth steel, 36 ; scientific research, 37 ; Darby's recarburiaing pro- 
cess, 39 ; the production of pig iron, 40 ; cast iron, wrought iron, and 
steel for ordnance, 41 ; chemical differences between iron and steel, 43 ; 
nitrogen in hteel, 43 ; carbon in steel, 44 ; influence of cooling on allo- 
tropic forms of iron, 45 ; critical points of iron and steel, 46 ; Roberts- 
Austen's experiments, 47 ; production of sound castings, 48 ; phospborised 
bronze, 49 ; silicium-copper and ferro-silicon, 49 ; effect of aluminium, 
51 ; Riley's and Hadfield's experiments, 52 ; nickel, 53 ; nickel-plate 
experiments, 54 ; conclusion, 56. 

presidential address of, 1892, i. 13 ; death of Duke of Clarence, 18 ; 

of Duke of Devonshire, 13 ; of Lord E. Cavendish, Earl Granville, and 
Benjamin Walker, 14 ; of other members, 14, 15 ; Duke of Devonshire's 
presidential address, 15 ; Sir Lowthian Bell's report of 1867, 15 ; develop- 
ment of iron manufacture, 16 ; the basic process and armour plates, 17 ; 
nickel steel plates, 18 ; English armour, 19 ; death of W. P. Shinn, 19 ; 
the American Meeting volume, 20 ; carbon in steel, 20 ; economy of fuel, 
21 ; Sir L. Bell's researches, 21 ; researches of Dr. Mond and Dr. Langer, 
24 ; Prof. Roberts-Austen's reports on alloys, 24 ; the Le Chatelier pyro- 
meter, 25 ; Gruson's chilled iron, 26 ; pure iron, 27 ; the Duke of Devon- 
shire's address and later progress of steel, 28. 

presidential address of, at Liverpool, 1892, ii. 4 ; former visit to Liver- 
pool, 4 ; removal of sulphur from pig iron, 4 ; desulphurising agents, 5 ; 
by-products from blast-furnace, 6 ; registration of high temperatures, 6 ; 
chromium alloys, 7 ; electrical resistances, 7 ; electrical conductivity of 
metals, 7 ; liquid oxygen, 8 ; pure metal, 9 ; Royal Institution experi- 
ments, 10. 

on production of pure iron and steel. 1892, i. 101. 

on royal ordnance factories. 1891, ii. 11. 

on sheets of iron and steel from fluid metal. 1891, ii. 33, 41. 

on tests for steel used in the manufacture of artillery. 1891, i. 70. 

on vote of thanks for his address. 1891, i. 57. 

remarks in acknowledging toast of Iron and Steel Institute. 1891, 



ii. 117. 

— remarks on moving adoption of report of Council. 1892, i. 7. 

— remarks on opening the autumn meeting. 1891, ii. 1. 

— Royal Commissioner at Paris Exhibition. 1900, ii, 357. 

— thanks to the Institution of Civil Engineers. 1891, ii. 111. 
work done by. 1899, i. 37. 



Abnormal condition in pig iron, two interesting cases. 1895, i. 489. . 
ABRAHAM, A., on nickel-chrome and silicon steels. 1898, ii. 544; 18S9, i. 
455. 

on nickel steel. 1900, ii. 547. 

ABRASSART, A., on electric lamps. 1898, ii. 447. 

on safety lamps. 1899, i. 355. 

Absolute measurements of hardness. 1894, i. 577. 

ABT, A., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1897, ii. 455. 

on magnetic properties of iron ore. 1897, ii. 277. 

on magnetic pyrites. 1896, i. 310. 

on permanent magnetism of nickel and steel. 1893, ii. 494. 

Abyssinia, iron manufacture in. 1894, i. 638. 
Accidents, fire-damp, in mines. 1890. ii. 722. 
from blasting in collieries. 1892, i. 358. 



GENEBAL INDEX. 95 

ACCIDENTS in Austrian mines. 1892, ii. 531 ; 1896, ii. 462 ; 1897, ii. 518. 

in German mines. 1897, i. 598. 

in iron smelting. 1900, i. 462. 

in Italian mines. 1896, i. 534. 

in mines. 1891, i. 343, 457 ; 1896, i. 3H() ; 1899, ii. 496. 

in Prussian mines. 1892, i. 515. 

prevention of, in mines. 1893, i. 284. 

prevention of, winding. 1891, ii. 211. 

ACCOUNTS, statement of. 1890, i. 8, 1(>() ; 1891, i. 228 ; 1892, i. 262 ; 1893, i. 

9 ; 1894, i. 10 ; 1895, i. 10 ; 1896, i. 12 ; 1897, i. 12 ; 1898, i. 13 ; 1899, i. 

12, 13 ; 1900, i. 12, 13. 
Accumulator, pneumatic, for use in .steelworks. 1891, i. 398. 
Accuracy of chemical analysis. 1896, ii. 435. 
ACHEPOUL, L., book on mining by. 1894, ii. 539 ; 1898, i. 584. 
ACHESON, E. G., on electric furnaces. 1893, ii. 480. 

on graphite. 1899, ii. 337. 

Acid Bessemer process, the. 1892, ii. 457. 
ACEERMAN, A. A., on tests of armour plates. 1895, i. 485. 
ACKERMANN, A. S. E., on testing machines. 1895, i. 469. 
Actinolite magnetic schist in Minnesota. 1894, i. 415. 
Action of boron on iron. 1897, ii. 491. 

of carbonic oxide on iron. 1892, i. 483. 

of explosives on the tubes of steel guns. 1898, ii. 233. 

of hydrochloric acid on pig iron. 1891, i. 428. 

of iron on solutions of metallic nitrates. 1897, ii. 494. 

of metalloids on cast iron. 1898, ii. 200. 

of nitric acid on iron. 1892, ii. 507. 

of oils on iron. 1891, ii. 320. 

of preservative agents on mine timber. 1891, i. 2G7. 

of sea- water on iron. 1899, ii. 474. 

of sulphuric acid on iron. 1893, ii. 520. 

of tidal streams on metals. 1890, ii. 847. 

of water on galvanised iron. 1899, ii. 474. 

ADACHI, J., on petroleum in Japan. 1891, i. 309. 

Adams coke-oven. 1890, ii. 700. 

direct reduction process, the. 1890, s. v. 317; ii. 7G6 ; 1891, i. 400, 

ii. 282. 
ADAMS, A. D., on magnetic properties of iron and >teel. 1895, i. 459. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1900, ii. 502. 

on wrought or cast iron for field magnets. 1893, i. 367. 

ADAMS, G., obituary notice of. 1891, i. 247. 

ADAMS, H., book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 537. 

ADAMS, John S., book on mining by. 1898, i. 584. 

ADAMS, Percy John, elected member. 1895, i. 1. 

ADAMS, W. H., on electric transmission of power. 1894, ii. 355. 

on first iron blast-furnace in America. 1892, i. 393. 

ADAMSON. Daniel, obituary notice of. 1890, i. 168. 

reference to decease of. 1890, i. 4. 

work done by. 1899, i. 36. 

AD AMSON, Harold, elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 
A DAMSON, J., on electrical power. 1894, ii. 134 



96 GENERAL INDEX. 

ADAMSON, J., on hot-blast stoves. 1896, i. 38. 

on pyrometers. 1893, i. 118. 

ADAMSON, Joseph, & Company's works. 1899, ii. 269. 

ADDENBROOKE, G., on the iron industry of South Staffordshire. 1895, 

ii. 20. 
ADDIE, R., on the chemical phenomena of the open-hearth furnace. 1891, 

ii. 265. 
ADDISON, T., on moulding. 1896, ii. 364 ; 1897, L 489. 
Address, presentation of, to Her Majesty Queen Victoria. 1897, ii. 5. 
ADDY, G., on steel for milling cutters. 1891, i. 405. 
Adelaide coke- works. 1890, s. v. 440. 
ADIASSEVICH, A., on petroleum in Turkey. 1900, ii. 456. 
Adibondacks, iron-bearing rocks of the. 1898, ii. 315. 

titaniferous iron ore of the. 1900, ii. 413. 

Adjacent seams, working of. 1893, i. 269. 

Aj>ouk works, France. 1896, ii. 249. 

Adulteration of basic slags, detection of the. 1892, i. 496. 

Advance in foundry methods. 1895, i. 406. 

Advances in pyrometry. 1894, i. 433. 

AEJER, I., on the manufacture of tin plate. 1893, i. 442. 

Aerial ropeways at Bilbao. 1896, ii. 60. 

AFFELDER, W. L., on by-products of coke-ovens. 1900, i. 306. 

—^ on Otto-Hoffman coke-oven. 1899, i. 330. 

Africa, East, iron making in. 1894, ii. 400. 

German South-West, iron ore in. 1891, i. 258. 

South, coal in. 1892, i. 325 ; 1896, ii. 302 ; 1897, i. 380. 

iAprican coal-fields, South. 1890, i. 228. 

South, coal, tests of. 1892, ii. 358. 

After-blow, regulating the duration of. 1896, i. 459. 
After-treatment of ingot metal 1893, ii. 480. 
Age of iron ore veins. 1899, ii. 306. 

of Styrian coal-seams. 1894, ii. 315. 

AGIUS, Edward Tancred, elected member. 1896, i. 1. 
Agricultural value of basic slag. 1896, i. 469. 

value of sulphate of ammonia. 1897, i. 284. 

AGUILERA, J. G., book on mining by. 1899, ii. 531. 
AGUILLON, L., book on mining by. 1892, i. 534. 

on coal-dust. 1895, ii. 449. 

on explosives and blasting. 1900, i. 330. 

AHN, R. H., on treatment of nickel ores. 1894, i. 421>. 
AHRENS, F. B., book on metallurgy by. 1896. ii. 48(>. 
AIGNER, A., on the great deposits of Eden Lake, Austria. 1890, ii. 61>5. 

on rotary coal drills. 1893, ii. 393. 

AKJUITTON, >L, on calorific value of gas. 1893, ii. 339. 
AIKEN, H., on a hydraulic bloom-shear. 1890, ii. 768. 

on a shear-table. 1891, i. 387. 

AINSLIE, W. G., obituary notice of. 1898, i. 172. 

remarks on seconding adoption of Report of Council. 1890, i. 10. 

remarks on vote of thanks to Council. 1892, i. 9. 

AINSWORTH, G., elected member of Council. 1900, i. 11. 
on action of metalloids on cast iron. 1898, ii. 218. 



GBNEKAL INDEX. 97 

AIN8W0RTH, G., on charging open -hearth furnaces by machinery. 1897, i. 106. 

on coke-ovens. 1898, i. 59. 

on iron industry in Spain. 1896, il 33. 

on a new casting machine for blast-furnaces. 1899, ii. 63. 

on open-hearth steel. 1894, ii. 150. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1896, i. 122. 

on the "Weardale" furnace. 1897, i. 71. 

vote of thanks by. 1899, i. 14. 

AINSWORTH, J., on shaft-sinking. 1894, ii. 348. 

AiB, carbonic anhydride in. 1894, ii. 369 ; 1896, i. 374. 

compressed, comparison of electricity and. 1890, i. 258. 

compressors and motors, compound. 1891, ii. 220. 

currents, friction of. 1894, i. 497. 

currents in mines. 1893, ii. 405. 

currents, resistance to. 1890, i. 261. 

gas. 1898, ii. 427. 

in collieries, damping the, 1891, i. 335. 

ports in open-hearths. 1894, ii. 412. 

AISBITT, M. W., on the progress of shipbuilding. 1898, ii. 521. 

AISINMANN. S., book on mining by. 1896, i. 574. 

on flashing point of petroleum. 1896, ii. 315. 

AJURIA, A., on coal in Spain. 1896, ii. 300. 

AKERBLOM, K. a., on sampling iron ore. 1895, ii. 391. 

AKERMAN, R., on analysis of producer-gas. 1892, ii. 389. 

on Bessemer process in Sweden. 1893, ii. 470 ; 1884, i. 554. 

on blast-furnace slag. 1893, ii. 441. 

on calculations concerninp the possibility of regenerating the gas in 

the new Siemens furnace. 1890, i. 24. 

on composition of coal. 1892, ii. 350. 

on danger of using too hard steel rails. 1898, ii. 84. 

Paper on " The development of the Swedish iron industry, 1898, ii. 7 ; 
early history, 7 ; eighteenth century, 10 ; foundation of the Jernkontor, 
11; Walloon process, 13; Ekman furnace, 14; Swedish production of 
malleable iron and steel, 15; ingot iron and steel produced in Sweden 
by the acid and basic processes, 21 ; iron trade exports. 27 ; dimensions 
of Swedish blast-furnaces, 28. — Discussion: Sir J. Kitson, 29; G. J. 
Snelus, 30 ; W. H. Bleckly, 32 ; W. C. Roberts-Austen, 32 ; W. F. Beard- 
shaw, 33 ; H. M Howe, 33 ; the President, 33 ; R. Akerman, 34. 

on heat of formation of blast-furnace slags. 1890, ii. 760. 

on Swedish statistics. 1895, il 624 ; 1896, ii. 479 ; 1899, ii. 520 ; 1900, 



ii. 617. 

toast by. 1898, ii. 267, 270. 



AKUNJANZ, J. A., on petroleum in the Caucasus. 1897, ii. 331. 
Alabama, basic process in. 1893, il 468. 

basic steel in. 1891, i. 393. 

blast-furnaces in. 1897, ii. 389. 

blooming-mill plant in, cost of. 1891, ii. 263. 

brown iron ore in. 1893, i. 191. 

coal. 1893, ii. 353 ; 1896, ii. 302 ; 1899, i. 314 ; 1900, ii. 439. 

coalfields. 1891, L 293. 

coal-mining in. 1893, i. 270 ; 1897, ii. 365. 

coal- washing in. 1898, i. 429. 

G 



98 GENERAL INDEX. 

Alabama coke. 1893, i. 237. 

coke industry in. 1891, i. 302. 

coke plant of the Pratt mines. 1891, i. 302. 

Coosa coal-fields. 1895, ii. 414. 

cost of an open -hearth plant in. 1891, ii. 276. 

Dyestone ores of. 1890, s. v. 85. 

fire-clays of. 1893, i. 208. 

ironmaking in. 1897, i. 475. 

iron ore in. 1894, i. 414 ; 1897, i. 340; 1899, ii. 320. 

iron ore mines of. 1892, ii. 332. 

limestone and dolomites of. 1894, ii. 306. 

manufacture of coke in. 1894, ii. 334. 

mining brown iron ore deposits in. 1898, ii. 375. 

mining in. 1897, i. 351. 

new rolling-mill in. 1890, i. 308. 

open-hearth steel in. 1897, ii. 434. 

Pratt coal mines. 1891, i. 293. 

statistics. 1898, i. 580. 

steel manufacture in. 1894, ii. 423. 

steel manufacture in Birmingham. 1895. i. 442. 



Alaska, coal in. 1891, i. 296 ; 1892, i. 326 ; 1898, ii. 399. 

Albania, bitumen in. 1897, ii. 331. 

AL6EE, O. W., on tests of steel forgings and castings. 1895, ii. 560. 

Albkrtitb. 1898. i. 398. 

ALBRECHT, II., book on metallurgy by. 1896, i. 573 ; 1897, i. 627. 

ALBRECHT, M., on Russian petroleum. 1899, i. 332. 

ALBRECHT, W., on minette deposits of German Lorraine. 1899, i. 279. 

ALBREE, C. B., on fine artistic castings. 1899, i. 389. 

on ornamental ironwork. 1899, ii. 448. 

ALBRIGHT, Aetiiur, obituary notice of. 1900, i. 251. 
Alcalde op Bilbao, welcome by. 1896, ii. 1. 
Alcohol from coke-oven gases. 1898, i. 389. 
ALDRICH, T. H., on basic process in Alabama. 1893, ii. 468. 
ALDRICH, W. S., on electric percussion drills. 1892, i. 293, 294. 
ALEXANDER, H., on improvement in gas analysis. 1897, ii. 512. 
Alexandra docks, Newport. 1897, ii. 245. 
Alexandroffsky steel works. 1897, i. 503. 

ALEXJ^]EFF, W., on adoption of Russian fuel by the Baltic Fleet. 1898, ii. 
5S8. 

on mineral resins from the Caucasus. 1892, i. 315. 

on a new variety of bitumen. 1895, ii. -126. 

on Russian coal. 1898, i. 375. 

on Russian coalfields. 1897, ii. 3M. 

ALFORI), C. J., book on mining by. 1891, i. is;^. 

on the coal deposits of the Transva^il. 1891, i. 1, 28(1. 

Alford Forest. New Zealand, coal at. 1893. i. 229. 

Alfreton Colliery. 1892, i. 380. 

ALGER, Charles, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 309. 

Algeria, brown coal in. 1899, i. 312, ii. 350. 

iron ore in. 1890, ii. SQH ; 1894, ii. 21)0 ; 1896, i. 309 ; 1896, ii. 274 ; 

1900, i. 2i>H. 



GENERAL INDEX. 99 

Alokria, miDeral resources of. 1894, i. 633. 

miDeral statistics of. 1900, ii. 599. 

petroleum in. 1897, i. 400 ; 1898, i. 398 ; 1900, ii. 456. 

Algebian iron ore. 1891, ii. 342 ; 1898, i. 429 ; 1896, i. 554 ; 1899, ii. 505. 

ALHEILIG, M., book on mining by. 1893, ii. 502. 

ALIMANESTIANO, C, book on mining by. 1899, i. 507. 

on petroleum in Ronmania. 1900, ii. 455. 

Alkalies, determination of. 1896, ii. 449. 

ALLAN, 6., on paddling iron. 1893, i. 140. 

ALLAN, James, obituary notice of. 1892, ii. 304. 

ALLARDICE, J., on ventilating appliances. 1893, i. 277. 

ALLEN, A. H., on the influence of aluminium on iron. 1890, i. 124. 

ALLEN, C. L., on high carbon steel rails for tramways. 1896, ii. 391. 

on steel rails. 1897, i. 548. 

ALLEN, E. T., on native iron. 1897, ii. 277. 

ALLEN, G. S., on tests of punches. 1894, ii. 460. 

ALLEN, Harby, obituary notice of. 1899, i. 261 . 

ALLEN, Horace, on a blowing-engine worked by blast-furnace gas. 1900, 
i. 114. 

on modern gas-power plant. 1897, ii. 339. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1899, i. 374 ; 1900, i. 355. 

ALLEN, R., on explosives. 1895, i. 359. 
ALLEN. S. W., on shipment of coal. 1894, i. 518. 
ALLEN, W. D.— 

Paper on •* The forging press," 1891, ii. 62. — The steam-hammer and 

press compared, 62 ; description of new press, 63 ; the cylinders, 63 ; 

valves and leathers, 64 ; pump plungers and ram, 65 ; conclusion, 66. 

Diteusaion : The President, 66. 

on the manufacture of continuous sheets from fluid metal. 1891, ii. 36. 

obituary notice of. 1896, ii. 255. 

presentation of Bessemer medal to. 1890, i. 12. 

remarks in acknowledgment of Bessemer medal. 1890, i. 15. 

Allevard, roasting iron ore at. 1896, i. 319. 

ALLEY, Stephen, obituary notice of. 1898, i. 311. 

ALLETNE, Sir J. G. N., on chilled cast iron and " Outramways." 1892, i. 148. 

on nickel steel. 1896, ii. 188. 

votes of thanks by. 1896, i. 220 ; 1898, i. 274 ; 1900, i. 228. 

Allotropio changes of iron, 1894, ii. 446 ; 1900, i. 401. 

iron and carbon. 1898, i. 205. 

theory, evidence for. 1897, i. 525. 

theory of hardening steel. 1896, ii. 258. 

Alloy for filling cracks in castings. 1891, ii. 252. 

natural nickel-iron. 1890, ii. 664. 

of antimony and iron. 1892, ii. 508. 

Alloys, aluminium and iron. 1893, i. 397 ; 1894, i. 584. 

chromium, molybdenum, and tungsten. 1896, i. 202. 

iron. 1890, i. 363 ; 1891, ii. 302 ; 1894, ii. 478. 

iron and tin. 1893, i. 396. 

magnesinm-zinc. 1893, i. 397. 

nickel. 1892, ii. 503. 

nickel and iron. 1889, ii. 462 ; 1892, ii. 434 ; 1898, i. 396 ; 1894, i. 

584 ; 1895, i 480, ii. 584. 



•1 > 



100 GENERAL INDEX. 

Alloys, nickel and manganese. 1894, ii. 449. 
nickel-iron, the manufacture of. 1892, i. 416. 



— preparation of. 1896, ii. 426. 

— Research Oommittee. 1897, i. 525. 

— researches on. 1891, ii. 807 ; 1898, ii. 512. 

— some iron. 1897, i. 561. 

— triple, of iron, manganese, and aluminium. 1892, ii. 508. 

— tungsten and iron. 1892, i. 483 ; 1895, ii. 563. 

— tungsten iron. 1890, i. 364. 
with iron carbides, mainly manganese and tungsten. 1896, i. 222. 



ALLSEBROOK, G. G., on coal-cutting machinery. 1899, i. 344. 

ALLU^ J. Pi£ Y., on the iron ore deposits of Eastern Spain. 1892, i. 268. 

Almeria, coal in. 1891, ii. 177. 

ALPHERTS, G., on manufacture of corrugated sheets. 1894, ii. 437. 

Alps, iron ore in the. 1898, ii. 358. 

Alsace, coal in. 1897, ii. 313. 

petroleum in. 1893, ii. 375 ; 1895, i. 338 ; 1895, ii. 423 ; 1896, i. 355 ; 

1899, i. 332. 

Alsace-Lorraine, mineral statistics of. 1898, i. 560; 1900, i. 461. 

ALSOP, S., on self-acting inclines. 1893, i. 254. 

Alteration in iron produced by strain. 1894, i. 577. 

ALTHANS, E., on new gas-producers. 1890, ii. 705. 

ALTHANS, R, on faults in the Waldenburgh coalfield. 1893, i. 222. 

ALTHAUSSE, G., on tests of ingot metal. 1894, ii. 457. 

ALTH0U8E, H. W., on coal in Pennsylvania. 1900, i. 299. 

on shaft-sinking. 1893, i. 251. 

ALTMANN. H., on coal in North Italy. 1899, i. 31 1. 
Altoona locomotive shops. 1890, s. v. 353. 

visit of the Institute to. 1890, ii. 649. 

Altos-Hornos Works. 1896, ii. 17. 

Alumina and ferric oxide, the precipitation of. 1890, i. 376. 

determination of. 1900, i. 438. 

in the presence of phosphoric acid, determination of. 1892, i. 492. 

Aluminium. 1890, s. v. 357. 

addition of, to ingot metal. 1894, ii. 438. 

and iron, alloys of. 1894. i. 584. 

separation of. 1898, ii. 539. 

and magnesium alloys. 1900, ii, 571. 

as a reducing agent. 1898, ii. 548. 

as a reducing and heating agent. 1899, ii. 475. 

as a refining agent. 1893, ii. 447. 

commercial, analysis of. 1892, ii. 520. 

commercial determination of iron and silicon in. 18. 2, i. 491. 

determination of. 1890, i. 374; 1891, i. 440, u. 327; 1893, i. 413. 

ii. 533 ; 1897, i. 573. 

in carbonised iron. 1890, i. 112. Sec Keep, \V. J. 

in cast iron. 1890, i. 292. 

in iron. 1890, ii. 759 ; 1891, i. 372. 

- in iron, con<lition of silicon and. 1891, ii. 319. 

in openhearth steel. 1897. ii. 433. 

in steel. 1890, ii. 161 ; 1891, i. 430. See Hadfield, R A. 




GENERAL INDEX. 101 

Alumikixtm, in steel ingots. 1891, ii. 275, 287. 

in steel manafacture. 1893, ii. 485. 

in the foundry. 1897, ii. 407. 

influence of, on carbon in cast iron. 1900, ii. 244. 

influence of, on pig iron. 1894, i. 529. 

iron, magnetic properties of. 1892, ii. 490. 

reduction works. 1890, s. v. 425. 

relation of, to iron. 1900, i. 429. 

steel. 1892, ii. 502. 

triple alloys of iron, manganese, and. 1892, ii. 508. 

use of. 1891, ii. 252 ; 1896, i. 430. 

world's production of. 1900, ii. 626. 

ALVISI, U., on mild steel. 1897, i. 539. 
ALVORD, W., on mine timber. 1897, i. 352. 
ALZOLA, Pablo de— 

Paper on '•The iron and steel industry of Spain," 1896, ii. 5; iron 
ore, 5 ; ore mined in Biscay, 7 ; ores of other provinces, 7 ; coalfields, 10 ; 
other important ores mined in Spain, 12 ; history of the manufacture of 
iron in Spain, 13 ; advancement of the iron and steel industries, 15 ; 
principal works, 17 ; the Altos-Hornos works, 17 ; the Viscaya Company, 
21 ; the San Francisco works, 23 ; the works of Asturias, 24 ; other 
works, 26 ; production of pig iron in various countries, 28 ; comparison 
between the mining and metallurgical industries of Biscay, 30. — Ditciis- 
iion : Sir L. Bell, 33 ; G. Ainsworth, 33 ; the Secretary, 34. — Correspond- 
ence : H. G. Graves, .34 ; the President, 35 ; Don Pablo de Alzola, 35. 

Amazon, manganese ore of the Lower. 1898, i. 355. 

Ambebg iron ore deposits. 1895, i. 278. 

Amberite, occurrence of, in New Zealand coal. 1890, ii. 687. 

AMBOY fireclavs. 1898, i. 364. 

America, as a consumer and exporter. 1890, s. v. 27. 

Catalan forges in. 1896, i. 432. 

crucible steel-making in. 1897, ii. 422. 

first blast-furnaces in. 1891, ii. 233 ; 1892, i. 393. 

first iron casting in. 1895, i. 411. 

open-hearth process in. 1893, ii. 457 ; 1898, ii. 506. 

rod-rolling mills in. 1893, ii. 481. 



— tinplate manufacture in. 1892, ii. 478. 

— western interior coalfield of. 1899, i. 315. 



Amebican and British railways compared. 1890, s. v. 53, 59, GO, 61, ()2, 64. 

and Cleveland blast-furnace practice, comparison of. 1891, i. 355. 

and European blast-furnace practice. 1892, ii, 423. 

Bessemer practice. 1895, ii. 517. 

blast-furnace plant. 1893, ii. 430. 

blast-furnace practice. 1893, ii. 430 ; 1894, ii. 382 ; 1896, ii. 459 ; 

1896, i. 415 ; 1896, ii. 354 ; 1898, ii. 467. 

blast-furnaces. 1898, i. 455. 

blast-furnaces, development of. 1890, ii. 18. See Gayley, James. 

blast-furnaces, new. 1890, i. 287 ; 1890, ii. 746 ; 1891, ii. 238 ; 1892, 



i. 400 ; 1892, ii. 430. 

— blooming-mill. 1897, ii. 417. 

— blowing engines. 1891, ii. 242. 

— casting, the first. 1893, i. 316. 



102 GENERAL INDEX. 

American, charcoal blast-farnaces. 1892, ii. 430. 

coal, weight of. 1898, i. 379. 

coke. 1894, i. 455. 

collieries. 1899, ii. 392 ; 1900. i. 342. 

exports as affected, by British free trade. 1890, s. v. 9. 

forge pig iron. 1892, ii. 437. 

foundry pig iron. 1890, i. 293 ; 1898, i. 456. 

foundry practice. 1896, i. 423. 

hot-blast stoves. 1890, i. 290 ; 1894, ii. 387. 

labour. 1890, .«». v. 12. 

oilfields. 1892, i. 525. 

open-hearth furnace, an. 1891, ii. 273. 

open-hearth steelworks. 1892, i. 431 ; 1899, ii. 437. 

petroleum, crude. 1891, ii. 193. 

pig iron. 1891, ii. 245. 

plate-mills, new. 1892, ii. 448. 

policy of protection. 1890, s. v., 5. 

protection and labour. 1890, s. v. 1U9. 

rolling-mills. 1892, i. 420 ; 1893, i. 320, ii. 453 ; 1897, ii. 419. 

South, oilfields. 1892, ii. .382. 

spiegeleisen. 1895, ii. 480. 



standard specifications and methods of testing iron and steel. 1900, 

ii. 215. 
steel foundry, a new. 1892, ii. 455. 

steel plant, a new. 1891, ii. 280. 

steel rails. 1892, i. 454. 

steelworks. 1898, i. 489 ; 1899, i. 408. 

steelworks record. 1892, i. 434. 

tin-plate works. 1892, i. 4C0 ; 1891 ii. 532. 

trade with different nations. 1890, s. v. 14. 

workmen, their earnings and efliciency. 1892, i. 529. 

AMI, II. M., on petroleum in Canada. 1899, ii. 3G1. 

Ammonia, collection of, from blast-furnace gases. 1892, ii. 432. 

recovery of, from blast-furnace gases. 1891, ii. 245 ; 1894, ii. 3X9. 

AMSDEN, F. F., on the Ctilculation of blast-furnace charges. 1891, i. 

369. 
AMSLER, M., on a new hot-blast stove. 1892, ii. 431. 
AMSTER, W. O., on blastfurnaces. 1897, i. 451. 
Analyses of ancient iron. 1900, i. 430. 

of ancient slag. 1894, ii. 399. 

of anthracite. 1890, s. v. 134. 

of basalt. 1890, s. v. 97. 

of blast-furnace grasos. 1899, i. 369. 

of car wheel iron. 1890, s. v. •i22. 

of chrome iron ort-. 1892, ii. 521. 

of coal. 1890, s. v. 141, 344 : 1891, i. 2s3 ; 1892, ii. 352. 

of coke. 1890. s. v. i:;:>, 14t>, 228 : 1892, ii. 371. 

of commercial aluminium. 1892, ii. 371. 

of dolomite. 1893, i. 2ui». 

of fireclay. 1890, ii. 735 ; 1892, i. 3(.H*», ii. 343, 344. 

of Indian dowels. 1892, i. 4s:^. 



GENERAL INDEX. 103 

AHALTSES, of iron ores. 1890, ii. 66G ; 1890, s. v. 80, 119, 202, 222, 223, 224, 
230, 329, 330, 341, 344, 370, 377, 381 ; 1891, i. 251, ii. 329; 1892, ii. 308, 
310, 313, 314, 317, 318, 319, 320 ; 1895, i. 514 ; 1899, i. 468. 

of manganese ores. 1892, ii. 330. 

of natural gas. 1890, s. v. 229 ; 1891, i. 312. 

of nickel iron. 1892, ii. 324. 

of pig iron. 1891, i. 361 ; 1895, i. 404. 

of slags. 1891, i. 445 ; 1893, ii. 539. 

of spiegeleisen. 1890, ii. 850 ; 1894, i. 529. 

Analysis of basic slag. 1892, ii. 523 ; 1893, i. 419 ; 1895, ii. 602. 

of bitumen. 1897, ii. 511. 

of fuel. 1890, i. 376, ii. 857 ; 1891, i. 446 ; 1892, i. 4i)6, ii. 525 ; 1893, 

i. 420; 1894, i. 620, ii. 500 ; 1896, ii. 456 ; 1897, i. 580, ii. 511 ; 1898, i. 

540, ii. 563 ; 1899, ii. 492 ; 1900, i. 440, ii. 586. 
of gas. 1890, i. 377, ii. 857 ; 1891, i. 447, ii. 332 ; 1892, i. 497 ; 1893, i. 

421, ii. 539; 1894, i. 619, ii. 499 ; 1897, ii. 512 ; 1898, ii. 565 ; 1899, i. 469, 

ii. 493 ; 1900, i. 443. 

of iron ore. 1890, i. 374, ii. 851 : 1891, i. 443, ii. 820 ; 1892, i. 492, ii. 

521 ; 1893, i. 416, ii. 538 ; 1894, i. 617. ii. 496 ; 1895, i. 514, ii. 599 ; 1896, 
i. 538, ii. 446 ; 1897, i. 575, ii. 508 ; 1898, i. 538, ii. 562 ; 1899, i. 467, ii. 
489 ; 1900, i. 436, ii. 582. 

of pip iron. 1890, i. 368, ii. K51 ; 1891, i. 131, ii. 321 ; 1892, i. 486, ii. 

510; 1893, i. 402. ii. 526 ; 1894, i. 600, ii. 481 ; 1895, i. 499, ii. 586 ; 1896, 
i. 530, ii. 435 ; 1897, i. 566, ii. 495 ; 1898, i. 531, li. 533 ; 1899, i. 464, ii. 
480; 1900, i. 431, ii.572. 

of refractory materials. 1890, s. v. 229 ; 1892, i. 345, ii. 344. 

standard methods of. 1890, i. 368, ii. 583 ; 1891, ii. 321 ; 1894, 1. 600 ; 

1895, i. 499 ; 1896, i. 80. 

statement of. 1900, ii. 572. 

of steel. 1890, i. 368, ii. 851 ; 1891, i. 431, ii. 321 ; 1892, i. 486, ii. 510 ; 



1893, i. 402, ii. 526 ; 1894, i. 600, ii. 4S1 : 1895, i. 499, ii. 586 ; 1896, i. 530. 
ii. 435; 1897, i. 566, ii. 495; 1898, i. 531, ii. 553; 1899, i. 464, ii. 480; 
1900, i.431,ii. 572. 

Anatolia, chrome iron ore in. 1895, i. 287. 

Anchors, tests of. 1894, ii. 460. 

Ancient cast iron. 1898, i. 472. 

iron mine. 1895, ii. 387. 

iron mines in Luxemburg. 1895, ii. 3>7. 

iron ore mining. 1894, i, 425. 

mining. 1896, ii. 289. 

Welsh blast-furnace. 1897, ii. 386. 

ANDERSON, D., on by-product ovens. 1899, ii. 353. 

ANDERSON, John, elected member. 1894, i. 1. 

ANDERSON, J. W., book on mining by. 1895, ii. 633 ; 1897, ii. 551. 

ANDERSON, T. S., on electric welding. 1896, i. 473 ; 1896, ii. 386. 

ANDERSON, Silt William, on alloys of iron and chromium. 1892, ii. 137. 

on carbon and iron. 1897. ii. 133. 

Paptr on "The constitution of the Royal Ordnance Factories," 1891. 
ii. 5; general principle of foundation, 5; description of factories, 5; 
their capital, 6 ; wages, 6 ; control, 7 ; correspondence, &c., 7 ; piece- 
work, 8 ; rating of workmen, 8 ; machines and tools, 9 ; stores, 9 ; cost 
of production, 9; audit of accounts, 10; clerical staff, 10; number of 
hands and value of work done, lO.—Rcmarhi : The President, 11. 

obituary notice of. 1898, ii. 321. 



104 OBNIBRAL INDEX. 

ANDERSON, Sir W., serrices of, at antnmn meeting, 1891. 1892, i. 4. 

Paper on " Tests for steel used in the manafactnre of artillery," 1891, 
i. 60 ; determination of qualities of steel, 60 ; Roberts- Austen's investi- 
gations, 61 ; gun-steel specifications, 61 ; restrictions in chemical com- 
position, 61 ; change of volume in metals, 62 ; stresses, 63 ; process of 
hardening, 64 ; two conditions of carbon in steel, 66 ; new and pending 
investigations, 67 ; internal stresses, 68 ; gun steel, 68 ; elastic limits, 68 
hardening and annealing at Abouchoff, 68. — ZHieustion : W. C. Roberts 
Austen, 70 ; the President, 71 ; H. Le Chatelier, 71 ; R. A. Hadfield, 72 
E. H. Carbutt, 75 ; J. C. Ridley, 75 ; T. Wrightson, 75 ; R. Edmonds, 77 
J. F. Hall, 80 ; James Riley, 81 ; Jeremiah Head, 81 ; Weston Smith, 82 
G. J. Snelus, 82 ; Sir W. Anderson, 85 ; the President, 88.— Cbrreirpon- 
dence: W. H. White, 89. 

vote of thanks by. 1896, ii. 216. 

welcome of members to Royal Arsenal by. 1891, ii. 4. 

ANDERSON, W. C, book on metallurgy by. 1899, i. 506. 

on by-products of coke-ovens. 1900, i. 306. 

on chemistry of coal. 1899, i. 308. 

ANDERSSON, A. O., elected member. 1898, u. 4. 

AND]^S, L. E., book on metallurgy by. 1898, i. 583; 1900, ii. 630. 

on the corrosion of iron. 1898, ii. 551. 

ANDR&, G. G., on the Trouv^ erygmatoscope. 1891, i. 319. 

ANDR^, T., on graphite-mining in Austria and Bavaria. 1890, ii. 738. 

on sampling iron ore. 1895, ii. 391. 

on subsidence caused by mining. 1900, i. 340. 

ANDREW, W. H., on the determination of nickel. 1895, ii. 598. 

ANDREWS, J., book on metallurgy by. 1897, i. 627. 

ANDREWS, Thomas (Cardiff), elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

ANDREWS, Thomas (Sheffield), on action of tidal streams on metaLs. 1890, 
ii. 847. 

on aluminium steel. 1890, ii. 198. 

on corrosion of iron and steel. 1894, ii. 479. 

on electro-chemical effects on magnetising iron. 1890, ii. 848 ; 1891, 

i. 419 ; 1893, ii. 520. 

on heat dilatation from low temperatures. 1890, i. 350. 

on metallography. 1898, i. 503 ; 1898, ii. 527. 

on micrographic analysis of metals. 1897, ii. 451. 

on micro-mechanical examination. 1897, i. 523. 

on micro-metallography of iron. 1895, ii. 542. 

on micro-metallurgy of iron and steel. 1896, i. 496. 

on passive state of iron and steel. 1890, ii. 848 ; 1891, i. 426 ; 1892, ii.482. 

on rails. 1900, i. 418. 

on railway axles. 1896, i. 415. 



ANDRI, A., book on metallurgy by. 1895, i. 547. 

on steel for railways. 1894, ii. 432. 

ANGEL, G., on peat charcoal. 1893, i. 236. 
ANGERMANN, C, book on mining by. 1900, ii. 6H1. 
Angle iron bevelling machine. 1890, ii. 804. 

iron, removing burr from. 1900, ii. 535. 

Angleur Company's works. 1894, ii. 257. 
Anglo-American trade. 1890, s. v. 22. 

Angstrom, carl, elected member. 1899, i. 1. 
on hydraulic presses. 1896, ii. 370. 




GENERAL INDEX. 105 

Angstrom, K. J., on after-treatment of ingot metal. 1898, ii. 480. 

on wire ropeways. 1898, ii. 825. 

AxriNA ironworks. 1895, ii. 470. 
Ankerite powder, nse of, in welding. 1891, i. 403. 
Annam, coal in Tonkin and. 1892, ii. 301. 
Annealing. 1897, i. 612. 

electrical, of steel wire. 1891, ii. 289. 

famace, regenerative. 1890, i. 329. 

furnaces. 1897, ii. 441. 

influence of, on wire. 1892, i. 466. 

iron and steel. 1892, i. 440 ; 1896, i. 499. 

of steel. 1896, i. 493. 

OTens. 1892, i. 441. 

supporting wire during. 1890, i. 330, 

-: tool steel. 1892, ii. 461. 

wire, Hoffmann's kiln adapted for. 1890, ii. 804. 

Annual dinner of the Institute. 1890, ii. 648 ; 1891, ii. 115 ; 1892, ii. 2H3 : 

1896, i. 264 ; 1897, i. 307 ; 1898, i. 284 ; 1899, i. 240 ; 1900, i. 230. 
general meeting. 1890, i. 1 ; 1891, i. 1 ; 1892, i. 1 ; 1898, i. 1 ; 1894, i. 1 ; 

1896, i. 1 ; 1896, i. 1 ; 1897, i. 1 : 1898, i. 1 ; 1899, i. 1 ; 1900, i. 1. 

Anthracite around Hudson Bay. 1895, i. 319. 

blast-furnace plant. 1894, i. 524. 

coal. 1890, s. V. 134. 

coal basin, yertical section of Pennsylvania. 1890, s. v. 136. 

coal in Pennsylvania. 1890, s. v. 226. 

coal near Perkiomen Creek. 1894, ii. 329. 

coal, seams of. 1890, s. v. 137. 

culm banks, reworking of. 1894, i. 515, ii. 378. 

deposits of Budweis, in Bohemia. 1895, i. 314. 

deposits of Hanover. 1896, i. 336. 

deposits of Roumania. 1893, i. 222. 

furnaces of South Wales. 1898, i. 448. 

in Arizona. 1898, ii. 399. 

in Pennsylvania. 1891, i. 474 ; 1893, ii. 354. 

in the Navy, use of. 1898, ii. 402. 

iron industry, early. 1900, ii. 503. 

mines, filling, with culm. 1898, i. 418. 

mining. 1893, i. 270 ; 1898, i. 579. 

mining, economy in. 1891, ii. 208. 

mining in Pennsylvania. 1893, ii. 399. 

of the Val d'Aosta. 1895, i. 317. 

pig iron industry. 1897, i. 475. 

preparation of. 1893, ii. 419 ; 1897, i. 445 ; 1898, ii. 453. 

seams, disturbances in. 1898, i. 373. 

seams, refuse in. 1892, i. 326. 

sifting of. 1890, ii. 728. 

use of small sizes of. 1894, i. 516. 

Anthracitic coal in Sweden. 1895, i. 319. 
Antimony and iron, alloy of. 1892, ii. 608. 

ANTIPOFF, J. A., on meteorites. 1900, i. 280. 

ANTONY, U., on the determination of snlphnr in coal. 1899, IL 492. 



106 GENEKAL INDEX. 

ANTRIM, iron ore in. 1890, i. 188 ; 1895, ii. 362. 

iron ore measures of. 1894, i. 402. 

iron ore mining in. 1894, ii. 274. 

Anvil bed of a steam-hammer. 1894, ii. 407. 
Anvils, manufactare'of. 1896, i. 481 ; 1899, ii. 447. 
Anzin collieries, caging arrangements at. 1894, ii. 352. 

collieries, explosives used at the. 1890, ii. 717. 

Apatite, association of, with beds of magnetite. 1892, i. 282. 
Apollo works, Pennsylvania. 1897, i. 495. 

Appalachian system, bituminous coal-measures of the. 1895, ii. 413. 
Apparatus, closed charging. 1892, i. 402. 

coal-lowering. 1890, ii. 729. 

for analysis of fuel gases. 1900, i. 443. 

for cages, electrical safety. 1892, i. 348. 

for charging heating furnaces. 1891, i. 402. 

for determining the calorific value. 1900, ii. 586. 

for handling ingots. 1891, i. 406. 

for making waggon axles. 1890, i. 344. 

Apperknowl, boring at. 1896, i. 334. 

APPLEBY, L. H., on test-pieces. 1894, ii. 451. 

Appliance for coal-tipping. 1890, ii. 72.'<. 

Appliances, hydraulic mill. 1891, i. 387. 

pumping. 1892, i. 364. 

rolling-mill. 1890, i. 307 ; 1891, ii. 260. 

ventilating. 1892, ii. 407. 

Application of driven rollers. 1899, i. 399. 

Appolt coke-oven. 1894, ii. 377. 

Apyrite. 1895, ii. 397. 

ARCH, H., on petroleum in Galicia. 1898, ii. 420. 

AKCHBUTT, L., on the determination of sulphur and silicon. 1890, 
i. 371. 

ARCHDEACON. S. B., on repairing faulty castings. 1900, ii. 535. 

ARCHIBALD, C, on coal-mining in Canada. 1893, ii. 401. 

ARCHIBALD, Henry, elected member. 1895, ii. 6. 

ARCHIBALD, W., on pumping machines. 1891, ii. 215. 

Arctic Circle, visit to mines of the. 1898, ii. 272. 

ARCTOWSKI, H., on artificial preparation of haematite. 1894. ii. 294. 

ARFWEDSON, Anders Gerhard, elected member. 1895, ii. 6. 

Argentiferous pig iron. 1897, ii. 399. 

Argentine Republic, coal in the. 1890, i. 234; 1892, ii. 366 ; 1893, i. 231 : 
1894, i. 451 : 1896, i. 843. 

iron ore in the. 1890. i. 199 ; 1894, i. 418. 

iron ore mining in the. 1893, ii. 31G. 

petroleum in the. 1890, i. 2as ; 1892, ii. ,382. 

Arffonaut, Dr. Lunn's steam yacht. 1898, ii. 279. 
ARikGE, iron ore industry of. 1895, ii. 363. 
Arizona, anthracite in. 1898, ii. 399. 
Arkansas, bauxite from. 1891, i. 275 ; 1898. i. 366. 
coal in. 1894, ii. 32s ; 1898, ii. 399 ; 1899, i. 314. 

manganese ore in. 1891, ii. 152 ; 1894, ii. 287. 

ARLT, A., on rope-boring. 1892, i. 344. 



GENERAL INDEX. 107 

ABMITAGE, Robebt, elected member. 1888, i 1. 
Abmoub. 1888, ii 641 ; 1900, i. 393, ii. 638. 

mannfacture. 1898, ii. 621. 

steel, tests of. 1893, i. 386. 

trials at low temperatures. 1891, i. 417. 

use of. 1890, ii. 438. See Babnaby, Sib Nathaniel. 

Abmoub-piebcino projectiles. 1898, ii. 522. 
Abmoub-FLATE. 1897, i. 517 ; 1900, ii. 564. 

edging machine. 1893, ii. 486. 

Hanrey. 1891, i. 417. 

Harvey cementation process for. 1892, i. 458. 

mills. 1899, i. 401. 

planing machine. 1891, i. 405. 

— ^ saw, a large. 1892, ii. 476. 

trials. 1890, i. 347, ii. 840 ; 1891, i. 416. ii. 817; 1892, i. 480, ii. 504 ; 



1897, i. 552; 1898, i. 517; 1899, i. 448. 

Aemoub-plates. 1891, i. 415; 1896, i. 519. 

Gruson. 1891. i. 416. 

hardening. 1892, i. 459. 

manufacture of. 1893, ii. 517 ; 1896, ii. 539; 1897, ii. 446. 

tests of. 1894. i. 587, ii. 461 ; 1896, i. 484, ii. 577 ; 1896. ii. 419 ; 1899, 

ii. 471 ; 1900, i. 419. 

ARMSTRONG, Gbobge Fbbderick, obituary notice of. 1900, ii. 387. 
ARMSTRONG, J., on the effect of reheating on steel. 1896, i. 464. 
ARMSTRONG, Lord, remarks on receiving Bessemer gold medal. 1891, 
i. 69. 

thanks to Council proposed by. 1891. i. 16. 

ARMSTRONG, T. H., on a petroleum motor for underground pumping. 1891, 

11. ^X I . 

ARNDT, A., book on mining by. 1894, ii. 539. 

ARNDT. M., on a new gas balance. 1893, ii. 540. 

ARNOLD (Hanover), on diamond -boring. 1894, ii. 296. 

ARNOLD, C, on analysis of basic slag. 1893, i. 420. 

ARNOLD, H. L., on the replacement of cast iron by steel. 1895, i. 149. 

ARNOLD, J. O., book on metallurgy by. 1896, i. 547. 

on action of explosives on the tubes of steel guns. 1898, ii. 2.'{8. 

on action of metalloids on cast iron. 1898. ii. 219. 

on alloys of iron and chromium. 1892, ii. 164. 

on aluminium steel. 1890, ii. 208 ; 1891, i. 430. 

on brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing. 1898, ii. 155, 

160. 

on chemical relations of carbon and iron. 1894, ii. 474. 

on danger of using too hard steel rails. 1898, ii. 96. 

on hardening of steel. 1896, i. 2(K). 

on influence of carbon on iron. 1896, i. 525. 



— on influence of sudden cooling on nearly pure iron. 1897, ii. 459, 460. 
Paper on " The micro-chemistry of cementation," 1898, ii. 185 ; intro- 
ductory, 185 ; practical details of cementation, 186 ; classiflcation of 
cemented bars, 186 ; micro-chemical analyses of bars, 187 ; physical 
considerations, ld3,—lJi8cussion : W. C. Roberts- Austen, 195: A. Greiner, 
196 ; J. O. Arnold, 19G.— Correspondence : J. E. Stead. 196 ; J. 0. Arnold. 
198. 

— on micrographic analysis of metals. 1897. !i. 451. 



108 GENERAL INDEX. 

ARNOLD, J. O., OD microscopic ezamination. 189i, i. 314. 

on microstrncture of iron. 1900, ii. 541. 

Paper on **The physical influence of elements on iron," 1894, i. 107 ; 
historical, 107; chemical, 113; mechanical, 116; microscopical, 124; 
physical, 129; general summary, 147. — Discuuion: F. Osmond, 149; 
W. C. Roberts- Austen, 181 ; J. E. Stead, 191 ; P. C. Gilchrist, 196 ; 
H. TomUnson, 197 ; W. Gowland, 200; J. 0. Arnold, 203 ; the President, 
203,— Corretpandence : J. Hopkinson, 203 ; H. C. Jenkins, 205 ; A. Le 
Chatelier, 207 ; H. Le Chatelier, 210 ; A. Ledebur, 213 : H. Louis, 214 ; 
B. H. Thwaite, 218 ; P. C. Gilchrist, 221 ; H. Wedding. 221 ; F. W. Har- 
bord, 223 ; J. A. Fleming, 226 ; F. C. G. MUller, 227 : J. W. Spencer, 230 ; 
J. Parry, 232 ; J. O. Arnold, 233; R. A. Hadfield, 247. 

on the physics of steel. 1892, i. 464. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1896, i. 120. 

vote of thanks by. 1896, i. 221 . 



ARNOLD, J. 0., and F. K. KNOWLES— 

Paper on **The permeability of steel-melting crucibles," 1897, i. 77 ; 
experiments made, 77 ; table of the composition of the ingots before and 
after melting, 78 ; tests of the materials, 81. — DUcustion: W. C. Roberts- 
Austen, 82 ; J. E. Stead, 83 ; G. J. Snelus, 84 ; H. Bauerman, 84 : 
Sir Lowthian Bell, 85 ; Bernard Dawson, 86 ; John Pattinson, 86.— 
Correspondence : R. A. Hadfield, 87; E. H. Saniter, 87; J. O. Arnold 
and F. K. Knowles, 88. 

ARNOLD, J. O., and A. McWILLIAM— 

Paper on "The diffusion of elements in iron." 1899, i. 85; historical, 
85 ; experimental methods adopted, 86 ; general table of effusion restiUs, 
88 ; results of micrographic analysis of diffusion bars in general table, 
88 ; can an element diffuse through a hot iron compound ? 91 ; experi- 
ments on the diffusion of carbon, 92 ; table of carbon diffusion results, 
93 ; quenching and hardening of steel, 96 ; influence of quenching on 
mild steel, 98 ; *' carbon solution " and the ** carbide diffusion " theories, 
101 ; diffusion of sulphide and oxysulphide of iron through hot metallic 
iron, 102.— DiscuMsion: The President, 107 ; J. E. Stead, 107 ; R. A. Had- 
field, 110; F. W. Harbord, 111; A. Stansfield, 113; H. Louis, 117; 
E. Saladin, 118 ; A. McWilliam, 118 ; J. O. Arnold, IW). — Correspondence . 
T. W. Hogg, 125 ; E. H. Saniter, 127. 

ARNOLD, 0. E., book on mining by. 1900, ii. 631. 

ARNOLD, T., on the western part of the South Wales coalfield. 1896, ii. 
406. 

ARNOTT, T., on diamond boring at Newton Colliery. 1891, i. 318. 
ARON, J., on Hettenleidelheim fire-clay. 1890, ii. 736. 
Arrangement of brick-work in hot-blast stoves. 1890, ii. 754. 
Arsenal gun-shop, the Watervliet. 1891, ii. 298. 

Arsenic, determination of. 1892, i. 495 ; 1893, i. 415, 419, ii. 535; 1895, i. 
110; 1896, i. 537. 

- effect of, on steel. 1895, i. 77. 

elimination of, in the determination of phosphorus. 1891, i. 436. 

in steel. 1899, i. 455. 

influence of, on the critical points of iron and steel. 1890, i. 64. 

ARTH, G., book on metallurgy by. 1897, i. 627. 

on the action of water on coal. 1894, ii. 312. 

on the calorific power of coal. 1896, i. 327. 

on the determination of phosphoric acid in slags. 1890, i. 375. 

on the recovery of by-products from blast-furnace gases. 1895, ii. 

473. 




GENERAL INDEX. 109 

ABTIFICIAL gas. 1890, i. 243, ii. 705 ; 1891, i. 813, ii. 197 ; 1892, i. 342, ii. 386 ; 
1898, i. 249, ii. 381 ; 1894, i. 474, ii. 345 ; 1895, i. 341, ii. 428 ; 1896, i. 364, 
ii. 320 ; 1897, i. 404, ii. 337 ; 1898, i. 401, ii. 426 ; 1899, i. 335, ii. 365 ; 1900, 
i. 318, ii. 460. 

preparation of haematite. 1894, ii. 294. 

specular iron ore. 1896, ii. 275. 

ARTILLEBY, tests fof steel used in the manufacture of. 1891, i. 60. See 

Andsbson, Sir Wm. 
ARTINI, E., on meteorites. 1900, ii. 415. 
Artistic treatment of cast iron. 1894, i. 537. 
ASCHMAN, C, on determination of phosphoric acid in basic slag. 1899, ii. 

491. 

on slag analysis. 1900, i. 439. 

ASCOLT, M., on magnetic properties of iron. 1894, ii. 442 ; 1895, i. 457. 
Ash in coal, determination of. 1896, ii. 456. 

in oils, determination of. 1893, i. 421. 

in steam-coal. 1895, i. 313. 

ASH, Alfred J., elected member. 1897, i. 1. 
ASH, T. A., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

on Belgian coal. 1896, i. 346. 

ASHBURNER, C. A., on natural gas in Eastern Ontario. 1890, i. 'I'M. 
ASHBURY, T., appointed scrutineer. 1897, ii. G. 

honorary secretary of Manchester meeting. 1899, ii. 2A'.^. 

vote of thanks by' 1895, ii. 22(J. 

ASHBY, J. H., on the use of blast-furnace gas. 1898, ii. 463. 
ASHCROFT, A. G., on tests of malleable cast iron. 1894, ii. 455. 
ASHCROFT, E. A., on waste heat in slag. 1894, ii. ms. 
ASHLAND and Aurora ores. 1890, s. v. :3H1. 

charcoal furnace. 1890, s. v. 201. 

Steel Company's Works. 1899, i. 402. 

ASHLEY, G. H., on American collieries. 1900, i. 342. 

ASHLEY, H., on mine drainage. 1900, i. 332. 

ASHTON, A. W., on the magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1899, ii. 455. 

ASHTON, T., on future of puddled iron. 1894, ii. 455. 

ASHWORTH, I)., on economy in rolling-mill engine practice. 1892, i. 425. 

ASHWORTH, J., on accidents from blasting in collieries. 1892, i. 35«. 

on blasting powder. 1895, ii. 439. 

on coal-dust. 1891, ii. 228 ; 1895, i. 3(55 ; 1896. ii. 338. 

on explosives. 1895, i. 358 ; 1897, ii. 354. 

on extinction of fires in mines. 1900, i. 337. 

on lighting of collieries. 1900, ii. 4.S0. 

on safety-lamps. 1895, ii. 445. 

on spontaneous combustion in collieries. 1899, i. 356. 

ASHWORTH, J. R., on magnets. 1898, i. 505. 
Asia Minor, chrome ore in. 1898, i. 355. 

coal in. 1897, ii. 316 ; 1809, ii. 350. 

coal- washing and briquette plant for. 1892, i. 391. 

Aspen Mines, electricity at the. 1892, i. 347. 

ASPHALT. 1897, i. 402, ii. 335 ; 1898, i. 398, ii. 423 ; 1900, i. 317. 

and petroleum in Peru. 1891, ii. 196. 

deposits of Hanover. 1896, i. 361. 

deposits of Trinidad. 1893, i. 245 ; 1896, i. 362. 



110 OBXEBAL INDEX. 

Asphalt in California. 1900, ii. 457. 

in Pern. 1898, i. 245. 

Russian. 1896, i. 361. 

Asphalts and bitumens. 1895, ii. 426. 

ASPINALL, J. A. F., on permanent way. 1898,4. 125. 

on a portable recorder for tests of metals. 1897, ii. 163. 

Assam, coal in. 1896, i. 339. 

petroleum in. 1895, ii. 425. 

Assay of iron ores, dry. 1896, i. 538. 

AST, W., on methods of testing. 1897, ii. 252. 

on rails. 1897, ii. 479. 

on testing iron. 1898, ii. 531. 

Abturias, works of. 1896, ii. 24. 

Athabasca Landing, natural gas at. 1899, ii. 364. 

ATKINSON, A. A., book on mining by. 1892, i. 534. 

on explosives. 1895, ii. 439. 

on petroleum engines in mines. 1891, i. 330. 

on wire ropes. 1896, ii. 323. 

on working coal. 1898, ii. 441. 

ATKINSON, A. J., on the estimation of sulphur in iron ores. 1896, ii. 207. 

See Atkinson, R. W. 
ATKINSON, C. W., on electric mining machinery. 1891, i. 343. 
ATKINSON, E., on Pennsylvanian collieries. 1898, i. 427. 
ATKINSON, Isaac, on coal-cutting machinery. 1899, ii. 374. 
ATKINSON, J. B., on coke-making in the Western Kentucky field. 1890, ii. 

697 ; 1891, i. 302. 

ATKINSON, John F., elected member. 1899, i. 1. 

ATKINSON, L. B., on electricity in mining. 1891, ii. 220. 

on electric mining machinery. 1891, i. 343. 

ATKINSON, R., on dressing wheels and axles. 1897, ii. 443. 

ATKINSON, R. W.— 

Paper on " The estimation of sulphur in iron ores," 1896, ii. 207 ; 
description of method employed, 208. — Corregpondenee : Bertram Blount, 
211 ; T. Vaughan Hughes, 211 ; D. A. Sutherland, 212 ; Alexander E. 
Tucker, 213. 

ATKINSON, W., on iron ore in South Australia. 1893, ii. 311. 

ATKINSON, W. N., on black damp. 1895, i. 373. 

on coal dust in colliery explosions. 1891, i. 336. 

on fire-damp. 1892, ii. 413. 

Atkinson steel works, Illinois. 1891, ii. 273. 

Atlas steel works, Sheffield. 1892, ii. 45K. 

Atomic weight of iron. 1900, ii. 572. 

weights of the elements. 1896, ii. 439 ; 1899, i. 466. 

ATTENBOROUGH. Richard, elected member. 1898, i. 1. 

ATTIX, J. C, on coal analysis. 1900, i. 440. 

ATWATER, R. M., on coke ovens. 1896, i. 349. 

on manufacture of coke. 1899, i. 327. 

on saving of by-products. 1896, ii. 314. 

on Semet-Solvay oven. 1896, i. 350. 



AUCHINVOLE, W. A., on determination of phosphorus. 1892, ii. 51.3. 
AUCHMUTY, H. L., on coke works in the Connellsville region. 1896, ii. 308. 
on underground haulage. 1900, i. 325. 



GENEBAL INDEX. Ill 

AUCHHUTT, H. L., on ▼entilation of mines. 1896, ii. 335. 

AUCHY, O., on determination of carbon. 1898, ii. 655, 566 ; 1900, i. 432 ; 
1900, ii. 574. 

on determination of manganese, 1896, ii. 'M'J ; 1898, i. 530. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1896, ii. 441 ; 1897. i. 561). 

on determination of silicon. 1898, ii. 55s. 

on determination of salphur. 1896, ii. 445. 

on determination of tungsten. 1899, i. 465. 

AUERBACH, F^ on measurements of hardness. 1894, i. 577. 

AULICH, A., on determination of sulphur. 1899, ii. 4H6. 

AUMARD, M., on Russian coal. 1898, ii. 588. 

AUMUND, H., on handling coal. 1900. ii. 488. 

on handling iron ore. 1900, ii. 420. 

AUSCHER, M.. on testing steel for marine engines. 1896, i. 516. 

AUSTIN, J. B., on iron ore in South Australia. 1892, ii. 312. 

AUSTIN, M., on determination of manganese. 1898, ii. 558. 

AUSTIN, W. L., on nickel ore. 1896, ii. 283. 

on tests of armour-plates. 1895, i. 485. 

AUBTILVLASIA, coalfields of. 1891, ii. 178. 

statistics of. 1890. i. 380 ; 1891. i. 449, ii. 334 ; 1892, ii. 528 ; 1893, ii. 

542 ; 1895, ii. 607 ; 1896, i. 540, ii. 4:>i) ; 1897, i. 585 ; 1898, i. 5J4. ii. 568 ; 

1899, ii. 406; 1900, i. 44s, ii. 590. 

Australia, chrome iron ore in. 1895, ii. 371. 

iron ores of. 1891, i. 254. 

manganese ore in. 1899. ii. 318. 

South, iron ore in. 1893, ii. 311. 

Western, coal in. 1890. ii. 685. 

Western,' iron ore in. 1895, i. 281. 

AUSTKALIAN coalfields. 1893, ii. 351 ; 1896, ii. 301. 

petroleum shale. 1890, ii. 707. 

steel plant. 1900, ii. 528. 

Austria, accidents in mines and works. 1897, ii. 518. 

bauxite from. 1891, i. 270. 

coal in. 1896, i. 550 ; 1899, i. .309 ; 1900, i. 295. 

coke in. 1897, i. 589. 

deep boring in. 1894, ii. 347. 

graphite mining in. 1890, ii. 738. 

imports and exports of. 1891, ii. 337 ; 1895, i. 522 ; 1897, ii. 517. 

iron industry of. 1898, ii. 568; 1900, ii. 592. 

iron manufacture in. 1893, ii. 425. 

iron ore in. 1896, i. 298 ; 1899, i. 278 ; 1900, i. 20(>. 

iron trade statistics of. 1890, i. 381, ii. S60 ; 1891. i. 450, ii. 334 ; 

1892, i. 502. ii. 529 ; 1893, i. 425, ii. 543 : 1894, i. 62 K ii. 503 ; 1896, i. 520, 
ii. 608 ; 1896, i. 547, ii. 460 : 1897, i. 58",, ii. r,l7 ; 1898, i. 544, ii. 568 ; 
1899, i. 254, 474, ii. 49r, ; 1900, i. 44S, ii. .591. 

magnetite in. 1897, ii. 268. 

mining industry of. 1891, i. 451 ; 1895, i. 520. 

petroleum in. 1890, i. 382 ; 1892, i. 585, ii. 532. 



Austria-Hungary, consumption of fuel in. 1899, i. 178. 

death-rate in mines of. 1890, ii. S02. 

foreign trade of. 1892, i. 50(). 

imports and exports of. 1892, ii. 530 ; 1898, i. 425 ; 1900, i. 451. 



112 GENERAL INDEX. 

AUSRIA-HUNOA BT, iron bridges in. 1899, i. 418, 

machinery in. 1890, ii. 862. 

steel industry of. 1892, i. 504. 

technical education in. 1900, i. 451. 

AUSTBIAN Alpine ironworks. 1894, ii. 585. 

Alpine mining company. 1896, ii. 462. 

and German blowing-engines. 1898, i. 304. 

Bessemer blowing-engines. 1898, i. 333. 

blast-furnace, new. 1892, il. 427. 

coal. 1896, i. 335 ; 1898, ii. 394. 

coke, analyses of. 1898, i. 236. 

collieries. 1899, ii. 389. 

crucible steel. 1898, i. 823. 

crucible steelworks. 1899, ii. 432. 

fire-damp commission, report of the. 1892, ii. 412. 

graphite. 1896, i. 326 ; 1898, ii. 384. 

iron ores. 1891, i. 251 ; 1898, i. 179. 

mines, accidents in. 1896, ii. 462. 

mining schools. 1891, ii. 338. 

pig iron. 1898, i. 310 ; 1896, i. 419 ; 1898, ii. 474. 

Silesia, coal in. 1899, ii. 343. 

Silesia, iron ore in. 1894, ii. 276. 

Society of Engineers, jubilee of. 1899, i. 253. 



- steel. 1897, i. 498 ; 1898, ii. 504. 



Automatic valve-gear for blowing-engines. 1898, ii. 439. 
AUTUN, boghead at. 1894, ii. 316. 
AUVERONB, petroleum in. 1895, i. 333. 

AVERY, S., on the determination of iron. 1896, ii. 447 ; 1899, i. 467. 
Axle-boxes, manufacture of. 1895, i. 450. 
Axles, machine for shaping. 1890, ii. 805. 

steel crank. 1891, ii. 313. 

steel waggon. 1892, i. 456. 

testing of steel. 1892, i. 473. 

tests of. 1898, i. 515. 

waggon, apparatus for making. 1890, i. 344. 

AYER, Ira, on tin-plates in the United States. 1897, ii. 542. 

AYRES, W. S., on preparation of anthracite. 1898, ii. 453. 

Ayrshire, iron ores in. 1894, i. 402. 

AYTON, H., on collieries in Great Britain. 1898, ii. 451. 

on screening and cleaning coal. 1890, i. 275. 

AZNAR, E. de., elected member. 1898, ii. 4. 
AZNAR, Luis M. de, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 



B. 

BAACKES, Frank, elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 

BAACKES. M., on wire rod rolling. 1900, i. 373. 

BABBITT, H. C, on the determination of phosphorus. 1893, i. 404. 

on the determination of sulphur. 1893, i. 408. 



GENERAL INDEX. 113 

BABGOOk, E. J., on ooal in Dakota. 1891, i. 296 ; 1899, i. 316. 

BABCOCK, & C, on the condition of phosphorus in steel. 1897, ii. 
492. 

BABINSKI, H., on fuel in Chili. 1895, i. 321. 

BABU, L., on Anstralian coalfields. 1896, ii. 301. 

on the evolution of the blast-furnace. 1899, ii. 408. 

on manufacture of special steels. 1900, ii. 521. 

on wire ropeways. 1895, i. 300. 

BACH, C, book on metallurgy by. 1898, i. 583. 

on compressed gas cylinders. 1896, i. 519, ii. 418. 

on standard tests of cast iron. 1899, ii. 468. 



- on tests of steel. 1899, ii. 469. 



BACHE, F., on coal in Virginia. 1894, ii. 330. 

BACHELLERT, A., on coal-cutting machinery. 1900, ii. 571. 

BACHMAN, F. E., on explosions in blast-furnaces. 1896, ii. 353. 

on silicon and carbon in cast iron. 1899, ii. 409. 

on slips and explosions in the blast-furnace. 1899, ii. 398. 

Bagk-watbb, stopping, by brick dams. 1892. i. 363. 

BACL^, L.. book on metallurgy by. 1890, i. 408 ; 1900, i. 492. 

on armour. 1900, i. 394. 

on the cellular theory of steel. 1892, ii. 481 ; 1895, ii. 542 ; 1897, ii. 

452. 
on punching and shearing as means of testing. 1896, i. 509. 

on tests of armour-plates. 1900, i. 420. 



BACON, D. H., on iron mining in the Lake Superior region. 1897, ii. 
287. 



on the system of filling at the Minnesota mines. 1892, ii. 334. 



Baden, coal in. 1891, i. 282. 

BADOUREAU, A., book on mining by. 1893, i. 450. 

BAOLEY, C. J., on American and Cleveland blast-furnaces. 1891, i. 

356. 
BAGSHAW, W., on cast iron test bars. 1892, ii. 492. 

on mechanical treatment of moulding sand. 1891, i. 373. 

BAILET, C, on electric mine locomotives. 1892, ii. 397. 
BAILEY, C. E., on mining in the Mesabi Range. 1898, i. 356. 
BAILEY, E. H. 8., on the Tonganoxie meteorite. 1892, i. 285. 
BAILEY, E. J., on colliery explosions. 1897, ii. 361. 

on wire-rope haulage. 1896, i. 350. 

BAILEY, F., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1894, ii. 444. 
BAILEY, L. W., on iron ore in Canada. 1900, i. 275. 

on iron ore in Nova Scotia. 1899, i. 287. 

BAILEY, Thomas Henry, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

on carbon and iron. 1897, ii 138. 

BAILLIE, James Richard, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 
BAILY, C, on electric mine locomotives. 1896, ii. 326. 

BAILY, F. O., on magnetic properties of iron. 1895, ii. 646; 1896, ii. 
401. 

BAILY, G. H., book on metallurgy by. 1898, L 583. 

BAIN, H. Foster, on coal-cutting. 1898, i. 410. 

on coal-cutting machinery. 1896, ii. 331 ; 1899, ii. 374. 

on coal in Arkansas. 1899, i. 314. 



114 GENERAL Iin)EX. 

BAIN, H. Foster, on western interior coalfield of America. 1899, i. 316. 

BAIN, Sir James, obituary notice of. 1898, i. 812. 

BAINBRIDGE, E., on the mechanical engineering of collieries. 1890, 

ii. 708. 

BAINBRIDGE, W., book on mining by. 1900, i. 494. 

BAIRD, D., on pump valves. 1893, i. 274. 

on pumping appliances. 1895, i. 362 ; 1896, ii. 333. 

BAIRD, J., on coal-mining in Canada. 1898, ii. 402. 

on shaft sinking. 1893, ii. 386. 

BAIRD, M. B., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

BAKER, Sir Benjamin, elected member. 1900, i. 1. 

on steel rails. 1900, ii. 660. 

toast by. 1900, i. 232. 

BAKER, D., on opening the tap-hole of a blast-famace. 1893, i. 21)8. 

on removing skulls from direct metal ladles. 1892, ii. 431. 

BAKER, F., on South Yorkshire coalfields. 1896, i. 334. 

BAKER, J., on mineral statistics of Canada. 1897, ii. 621. 

BAKEWELL, J. A., on colliery explosions. 1891, i. 337. 

BAKHUIS-ROOZEBOOM, H. W— 

Paper on "Iron and steel from the point of view of the Phase-doc- 
trine/' 1900, ii. 311 ; Gibbs's theory, 311 ; Roberts-Austen's results, 312 ; 
solidifications'of liquid solutions with to 2 per cent, of carbon, 313 ; liquid 
solutions with 2 to 4*3 per cent, of carbon, 313 ; allotropic states of iron, 
314 ; results obtained from iron -carbon alloys with more than 2 per cent, 
of carbon, 315. — Correspondence : H. Le Chatelier, 330 ; H. von Jiiptner, 
332. 

Baku, petroleum industry of. 1892, i. 519, ii. 380 ; 1893, i. 243 ; 1894, ii. 523 ; 
1896, i. 356, ii. 316. 

Balance rope winding arrangements. 1891, ii. 213. 

BALCAR, E., on ventilating appliances, 1894, ii. 368. 

BALDWIN, W. J., on the Chapin iron ore mine. 1893, i. 203. 

BALE, M. P., book on mining by. 1829, ii. 555. 

BALL, C. M., on magnetic separators for iron ore. 1890, ii. 675 ; 1895, ii. 
390; 1896, i. ai(>. 

BALL, E. J., on alloys of iron and chromium. 1892, ii. 146. 

Paper on "('hanges in iron produced by thermal treatment," 1890, i. 
85 ; observations of Le Chatelier, Osmond, and Hopkinson, 85 ; effect of 
rapid cooling, 86 ; character of experiments, 86 ; temperatures noted, 
86 ; melting point of aluminium, 86 ; effect of high percentage of 
manganese, critical points marked, 88; conclusions, 89. — Ditcuigion: 
G. J. Snelus, 91 ; Sir L. Bell, 93 ; E. G. Tosh, 94 ; W. C. Roberts- 
Austen, 94 ; E. J. Ball, 95 ; the President, 96 ; J. Hopkinson, 96 ; A. 
Wingham, 100 ; F. OHmond, 102. 

Paper on "Changes in iron produced bv thermal treatment,'' 1891, 
i. \i):\.~Discu»iion : t. Wrightson, 109; Sir'Lowthian Bell, 111 ; W. C. 
Koberts-Auston, 112: G. J. Snelus, lliJ; K. A. Hadfield, 115; W. C. 
Roberts-Austen, IKJ; the President, 116 ; F. Osmond, 117. 

on elimination of sulphur from pig iron. 1891, ii. 87. 

on Spanish iron ores. 1891, ii. 142. 

BALL, E. J., and Arthur WINGHAM— 

P»i per on ** Experiments on elimination of sulphur from iron," 1892, 
i. 1U2 : orijjjiu of investigation, 102 ; effect of use of potassium cyanide. 



QKNBRAL INDRX. llSt 

BALU E. Jm and Abthub WINGHAM {continued)— 

102 ; effect of flux, 103 ; action of sodium carbonate, 103 ; ferro-cyanide, 
104 ; results of experiments, 104 ; alkaline slag and caustic soda, 105 ; 
basic lime slag and dissolved oxide, lOG ; manganese slags, 107 ; con- 
ditions for removal of sulphur, 107 ; experiments made at Brjmbo, 108 ; 
metallic sodium, 109. — Visettasion : J. Massenez, 110 ; T. E. Holgate, 112 ; 
J. E. Stead, 113 ; G. J. Snelus, 115; Sir Lowthian Bell, 117 ; E. P. Martin, 
117; R. A. Hadtield, 118; E. A. Cowper, 119; James Roberts, 119; J. 
Hardistj, 120 ; E. J. Ball, 122 ; Arthur Wingham, 123 ; the President, 
125. 

Ballast, slag as railway. 1890, i. 298. 

BALLING, C. A. M., book on mining by. 1892, i. 534 ; 1898, ii. GOO ; 1899, 
ii. 531. 

on ventilation of lignite mines, 1892, i. 370. 

BALTZINGER, A., book on metallurgy by. 1898, i. 583. 

BALTZER, A., on lighting of collieries. 1900, i. 338. 

BAMBER, Henby Kelway, elected member. 1893, ii. 4. 

on agricultural value of sulphate of ammonia, 1897, i. 291. 

on determination of hardening and carbide carbon. 1897, i. 206. 

Paper on " The analysis of steel," 1894, i. 319 ; methods of deter- 
mining sulphur and phosphorus, 319; results, 321. — Corre^pondenct : F. 
W. Harbord, 323 ; E. Rilev, 323 ; J. E. Stead, 324 ; H. K. Bamber, 
324. 

BAMBER, Herbert Kelway, elected member. 1900, ii. 4 

on steel sleepers. 1892, ii. 471. 

Ban at, coalfield of. 1894, i. 441. 

iron ore deposits of. 1891, i. 252 ; 1896, ii. 3()4. 

BANCROFT, R. M., on wrought iron shafts. 1890, ii. 81G. 

BANHAM, J., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

BANISTER, F. D., obituary notice of. 1898, i. 312. 

BANKS, G., book on mining by. 1894, i. 649. 

BANNISTER, Alfred, elected member. 1897, ii. G. 

Banquet at the Hotel Continental, Paris. 1900, ii. 362. 

BANTOCK, T., obituary notice of. 1895, i. 259. 

Bab iron, pile for manufacturing. 1891, i. 380. 

miU, new. 1891, i. 385. 

roUing-mills. 1898, i. 479. 

shearing machine. 1898, i. 481. 

BARBA, J., on cast steel. 1897, i. 514, 544. 

on methods of testing, 1897, ii. 252. 

on testing iron. 1898, ii. 531. 

BARBA, W. P., on determination of chromium. 1893, ii. 5.3G. 

on filtering carbon residues. 1892, ii. 511. 

BARBER, F. M., on iron and steel ships. 1890, ii. 453. 

BARBER, Hebbert, elected member. 1898, i. 1. 

BARBOUR, Thomas, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 300. 

BARCLAT, George, elected member. 1900, i. 1. 

BARCLAY, J. G., on pumping appliances. 1895, i. 362. 

on winding engines. 1895, i. 341. 

BAKES, J., on granulation of blast-furnace slag. 1896, ii. 359. 

on slag bricks. 1896, i. 421 . 

BARKER, F., book on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. 599. 



116 GENERAL INDEX. 

BARKER, Fm on weights of steel bars. 1898, ii. 618. 

BARL0W-MA8SIGKS, T., appointed scrutineer. 1893, ii. 4 ; 1891, i. 1. 

on the report of council. 1893, i. 10. 

BARNABY, Sir Nathaniel— 

Paper on " The protection of iron and steel ships against foundering 
from injury to their shells, including the use of armour," 1890, ii. 438 ; 
collisions, 438; wooden versut iron and steel ships, 439; first use of 
open-hearth steel for outer bottoms, 439; the Leander, 440; import- 
ance of size and subdivision of vessels for security, 440 ; size of ships, 
441 ; limits of dimensions and speed, 441 ; three stages of effort in 
seeking mastery over the seas, 442; Beaucbamp Tower's mechanical 
watchman, 443 ; Mr. Thomeycroft's watchman, 443 ; safety in ships, 
444 ; bulkheads, 445 ; material, 446 ; deterioration of boilers, 447 ; 
prices of untested iron ship-plates in 1874, 448 ; side armour, 449 ; water- 
line defence, 450 ; Sheffield compound armour-plates, 451 ; armour-plate 
experiments, 452. — DiseuuUm : F. M. Barber, 453 ; the President, 459. 

BARNES, W. W., on steel pit props. 1892, i. 855. 

BARNETT, Fbancis Thomas, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 809. 

BARNETT, S., on wire. 1898, ii. 524. 

Barnsley, coalfield adjoining. 1891, i. 282. 

seam. 1898, i. 373. 

Babometeb and firedamp. 1892, ii. 414. 

BARR, J., on gas-reversing valve for steel furnaces. 1894, i. 552. 

on overhead cranes. 1898, i. 482. 

BARR, T. H., on coal-cutting machinery. 1899, 1. 345. 

BARRACL0U6H, S. H., on alloys of iron and nickel. 1899, ii. 464. 

BARRACL0U6H, W. H., on manufacture of tubes. 1898, i. 358. 

on tube-making machinery. 1891, ii. 290. 

BARRAT, M., on coal in the French Congo. 1895, ii. 415. 

on iron ore in the French Congo. 1895, ii. 872. 

Barren County, Kentucky, oil-fields of. 1890, i. 238. 

BARRETT, A. 6., elected member. 1898, ii. 4. 

BARRETT, W. F., on alloys of iron and nickel. 1899, ii. 463. 

on electric resistance of steel. 1899, i. 424. 

on magnetic properties of iron. 1899, ii. 455 ; 1900, i. 407. 

BARRETT, W. S., on scarcity of coal. 1900, i. 447. 

BARRILLON, L., on diamond boreholes. 1899, ii. 328. 

BARRINGER, D. M., book on mining by. 1898, i. 584, ii. 600. 

BARRINGTON, R W., on iron ore in Spain. 1897, ii. 271. 

on manganese ore in Huelva. 1897, ii. 281. 

Barrow steelworks. 1899, ii. 438. 

BARROWMAN, J., on coal-mining, 1897, i. 434. 

on health conditions of coal-mining. 1896, ii. 339. 

on history of coal-mining. 1898, i. 420. 

on mining mortality. 1898, i. 425. 

on sanitation in collieries. 1899, i. 358. 

X BARROWS, A. E., on determination of slag in wrought iron. 1892, ii. 519 • 
1894, ii. 496. 

Barrurlo collieries, Spain, the. 1891, ii. 177. 

BARRUS, G. H., on calorimetry. 1893, ii. 339. 

Barry dock. 1897, ii. 246. 

Bars, tests of round rolled. 1892, i. 472. 



GENERAL INDEX. 117 

Babtholdi'B Btatne of Liberty. 1890, i. y. 409. 

BABTLBTT, J. H^ on handling coal. 1890, i. 367. 

BARTON, Albebt Edwabd, elected member. 1899, if. 5. 

BARTON, A. E^ on grading of pig iron. 1891, ii. 396. 

BABUS, C, books on metallargT by. 1890, ii. 890 ; 1892, ii. 554 ; 1898, ii. 

662. 

on mechanism of solid viscosity. 1898, ii. 491. 

on pyrometry. 1894, ii. 310 ; 1899, ii. 340. 

on the Tiscosity of steel. 1892, ii. 483. 

BARVAL on mercury in Russian iron ore. 1899, ii. 314. 
Babtta and lime, the separation of. 1892, i. 496. 
Babcoup colliery. 1894, ii. 242. 

screening plant at. 1892, i. 387. 

winding and hauling plant at. 1892, i. 346. 

Basic Bbbssmbb costs. 1894, i. 557. 

iron for rivets. 1898, ii. 510. 

iron, German. 1890, i. 345. 

metal. 1891, i. 421 ; 1892, i. 468. 

metal for bridge construction. 1900, ii. 555. 

metal, tensile tests of. 1896, i. 518. 

pig iron. 1894, ii. 392 ; 1896, i. 402. 

pig iron, analysis of. 1898, i. 310. 

plant, Pottstown Works. 1898, i. 344. 

plant, the Troy. 1896, i. 468. 

process. 1890, ii. 791 ; 1895, ii. 518. 

process at the Kladno Works. 1890, i. 323. 

process, loss of metal in. 1896, i. 450. 

process, progress of the. 1890, i. 406 ; 1891, i. 481 ; 1892. 

i.531. 

process, Scheibler. 1895, i. 43. 

slag. 1891, ii. 280. 

slag, the analysis of. 1892, ii. 523. 

steel. 1890, ii. 793 ; 1891, ii. 312. 

steel in France. 1890, i. 388. 

steel joists. 1898, i. 384. 



Basic blow. 1896, 1. 462. 

brick press. 1892, i. 307. 

bricks. 1894, i. 430. 

iron. 1890, ii. 793. 

lining for Bessemer converters. 1890, i. 217. 

linings for converters. 1892, i. 307. 

linings, the use of magnesite for. 1890, i. 315. 

open-hearth, desulphurising in the. 1895, ii. 511. 

open-hearth practice. 1900, i. 379. 

open-hearth process. 1897, i. 500 ; 1900, ii. 527. 

open-hearth process at Kladno Works. 1890, i. 314. 

open-hearth process in Germany. 1890, ii. 873. 

open-hearth process in Illinois. 1896, 1. 441. 

open-hearth slag. 1898, ii. 509. 

open-hearth steel. 1891, ii. 268 ; 1898, ii. 497. 

-^— - open-hearth steel, mannfaotnre of. 1891, i. 391. 



118 GENERAL INDEX. 

Basic pig iron. 1895, ii. 80 ; 1897, ii. 397. 

pig iron, manufactare of. 1890, i. 283. 

plant at the Domnarfvet steelworks. 1892, ii. 458. ! 

process. 1897, ii. 436. 

process, future of. 1895, ii. 525. 

process in Alabama. 1893, ii. 468. 

process in Sweden. 1892, i. 433. 

process of steel manufacture. 1898, i. 335. 

process, preparation of magnesia for. 1890, ii. 737. 

process, rise of. 1898, ii. 473. 

Siemens' steel bath, estimation of phosphorus in. 1890, i. 142. 

slag. 1894, ii. 425 ; 1895, i. 443, ii. 525 ; 1897, i. 508, ii. 440 ; 1899, ii. 

443. 

slag, adulteration of. 1894, i. 618. 

slag, agricultural value of. 1896, i. 469. 

slag, analysis of. 1893, i. 419 ; 1895, il. 602 ; 1896, i. 539. 

slag, estimating value of. 1894, ii. 413. 

slag for manure. 1890, i. 325 ; 1892, ii. 459 ; 1898, i. 346 ; 1898, ii. 



515. 

— slag, grinding. 1890, i. 326 ; 1891, ii. 281. 

— slag, manufacture of. 1900, ii. 530. 

— slag, solubility of. 1890, i. 325. 

— slag, utilis.ition of. 1900, i. 387. 

— steel. 1893, i. 447. 

— steel and the canalisation of the Moselle. 1890, i. 391. 

— steel at Chattanooga. 1890, ii. 790. 

— steel castings. 1892, ii. 455. 

— steel, experiments with. 1892, i. 32. 

— steel for rails. 1898, ii. 510. 

— steel in Alabama. 1891, i. 393. 

— steel, nitrogen in. 1896, ii. 164. 

— steel, production of. 1894, i. 648 ; 1898, i. 559. 

— steel rails. 1895, i. 479 ; 1899, i. 443. 

— steel, tests of. 1891, i. 421. 
sulphate of iron from Mount Morgan, Queensland. 1896, ii. 275. 



Basin, coal river, in North Carolina. 1891, i. 295. 

Basins, siderite, of the Hudson River epoch. 1891, i. 256. 

BASKERViLLE, C, on analysis of titaniferous iron ores. 1900, ii. 
585. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1898, ii. 538. 

on determination of titanium. 1894, ii. 496. 

on peat. 1900, ii. 443. 

BASSETT, W. B., on machines for magnetic concentration. 1892, ii. 
.•}39. 

on New Zealand majrnetic iron-sand. 1896, i. 71. 



BASTIN, M., on determination of manjranese. 1893, i. 403. 
BASZ ANGER, J., on deep boring. 1900, ii. 462. 
BATEMAN, A. E., on Russian petroleum. 1899, i. 405. 
BATEMAN, J., on preservation of mine timbers. 1897, ii. 350. 
Bates' furnace. 1894, ii. 408. 
BATES, Hknky, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 



GENERAL INDEX. 119 

BATES, 8., on rock-drilling. 1900, i. 328. 

BAUCKE, H., on corrosion of iron. 1900« i. 427. 

BAUDOT, Philibert, on sanitation in collieries. 1900, ii. 483. 

BAUER, C. A., on hardness of cast iron. 1898, ii. 530. 

BAUER, F. W., on determination of silicon. 1900, i. 433, ii. 576. 

BAUER, T., on manufacture of coke. 1893, ii. 365. 

Bauer coke-oven. 1890, ii. 698 ; 1899, i. 329. 

BAUERMAN, H., book on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 367. 

on action of explosives on tubes of steel guns. 1898, ii. 239. 

on action of metalloids on cast iron. 1898, ii. 221. 

on an improved dipping needle. 1899, i. 84. 

on application of water-gas. 1900, i. 135. 

on arsenic in steel. 1896, i. 130. 

on Belgian mines. 1894, ii. 36. 

on brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing. 1898, ii. 165. 

on carbon in iron. 1893, ii. 72. 

on characteristic features of Swedish iron ore mining. 1898, ii. 75. 

on combined open -hearth process of Bertrand and Thiel. 1897, i. 

139. 

on elimination of sulphur. 1891, ii. 86. 

Paper on " The Gellivare iron ore mines," 1899, i. 55 ; situation of the 
ore mountain, 55 ; character and distribution of the mineral deposits, 
55 ; nature of the ore, 56 ; distribution of the apatite on the ore, 57 ; 
area of the deposits, 58 ; extent of the workings, 58 ; the Harmalin 
tunnel, 60 ; screening house, 60 ; shipping station, 61 ; separating 
works, ^2.—Di8eu8iion: W. Whitwell, 64; H. G. Turner, 65; Sir L. 
Bell, 68. 

on India as a centre for steel manufacture. 1899, ii. 88. 

Paper on ** Iron and steel at the Chicago Exhibition," 1893, ii. 21 ; 
iron ore, 22 ; iron and steel, 26 ; Bethlehem ironworks, 26 ; iron manu- 
facture of the United Kingdom, 33 ; F. Krupp's steelworks, 35 ; other 
German works, 37 ; Austrian exhibits, 41 ; Russian exhibits, 42 ; Swedish 
exhibits, 43. 

Paper on *' Iron and steel at the Universal Exhibition, Paris," 1900, 
ii. 156; classification, 156; the development of iron making in France, 
157 ; the present condition of the ore-mining industry, 157 ; the ores of 
the Pyrenees, 159; description of French exhibits, 159; exhibits of 
aluminium and nickel, 171; exhibits of foreign countries, 173; Italy, 
174; Luxemburg, 175; Germany, 175; Great Britain, 177; Sweden, 179; 
Russia, 181 ; United States of America, 186 ; Austria- Hungary, 187 ; 
Bosnia-Herzegovina, 189; Spain and Portugal, 190. 

on iron in India. 1893, ii. 173. 

on iron ore in the Ural Mountains. 1899, ii. 312. 

on iron ore industry of Biscay. 1896, ii. 102. 



Paper on "Iron ore deposits of the Ural," 1898, i. 134 ; principal mineral 
districts, 134 ; physical features of the country, 135 ; iron ores, 136 ; 
open workings, 137 ; chief iron-producing centres, 138 ; ironworks, 142. 

— on iron produced by a new process. 1895, ii. 149. 

— on manganese ore in Brazil. 1900, i. 209. 

— on manganese ore in Spain. 1896, ii. 155. 

— on Mond producer-gas in the manufacture of steel. 1896, i. 157. 

— on open-hearth steel. 1894, ii. 143. 

— on permeability of steel-melting crucibles. 1897, i. 84. 

— on puddling process. 1891, i. 148. 



120 QEKERAL INDEX. 

BAUERMAN, H., on sand on pig iron. 1896, ii. 176. 

on thermo-chemistry. 1895, ii. 122. 

on use of finely divided iron ores. 1899, ii. 51. 

vote of thanks by. 1895, i. 12. 

on wire manufacture. 1893, ii. 98. 

BAUGNIET, H., on lighting of colUeries. 1900, i. 338. 
BAUM, F., on coal-screening. 1894, i. 512. 
BAUMANN, A., on determination of chromium. 1892, ii. 521. 
BAUMANN, F., on over-winding. 1896, ii. 324. 

on winding appliances. 1897, i, 412. 

Baume and Marpent works. 1894, ii. 245. 
BAUM6ARTNER, K., on lighting of collieries. 1900, i. 339. 
BAUXITE, 1890, i. 215 ; 1893, i. 208 ; 1894, ii. 303 ; 1895, iL 397 ; 1896, L 325, 
ii. 293 ; 1897, i. 360, ii. 302 ; 1898, i. 365, ii. 385 ; 1899, L 804. 

analysis of. 1898, iL 562. 

from Arkansas. 1891, i. 275 ; 1898, i. 866. 

from Austria, 1891, i. 276. 

from H^rault. 1891, ii. 164. 

from the Vogelsberg. 1892, ii. 344. 

in United States. 1893, ii. 333. 

Bavasia, brown coal deposits of. 1896, i. 338. 

coal in. 1898, ii. 344 ; 1898, ii. 442. 

graphite in. 1890, ii. 738 ; 1891, ii. 166 ; 1898, iL 385 ; 1900, ii. 

426. 
mineral statistics of. 1890, ii. 870 ; 1891, ii. 348 ; 1892, ii. 541 ; 1898, 

ii. 549 ; 1894, ii. 511 ; 1895, ii. 616 ; 1896, ii. 471 ; 1897, U. 528 ; 1898, 11. 

580 ; 1899, ii. 508 ; 1900, ii. 609. 

three-high rolling-mill in. 1896, i. 438. 



BAXTER, G. P., on atomic weight of iron. 1900, ii. 572. 

BAYARD, P., on fire-damp indicators. 1891, ii. 222. 

on gas-producers. 1895, i. 342. 

on iron ore of Kertch peninsula. 1900, i. 274. 

on iron industry of the South of Russia. 1895, i. 398. 

BAYARD, Hon. T., speech by. 1895, i. 259. 

BAYES, F. A., on analysis of basic slag. 1896, L 542. 

BAYLES, J. C— 

Paper on "Spirally welded steel tubes,'' 1890, ii. 283; introduc- 
tion, 283 ; the ideal conduit for high -pressure, 284 ; Mr. Root's ex- 
periments, 285 ; specifications adopted for spirally welded tubes, 287 ; 
furnace used, 288 ; heating and welding, 288 ; gas and blast, 289 ; 
hammer used for welding, 290 ; weight of steel, 290 ; uses of tubes, 291 ; 
proof strength, and ultimate strength of tubes, 292 ; table of approximate 
weights, 293. 

BAYLES, W. E., book on mining by. 1896, ii. 487. 

BAYLEY. W. S., on Crystal Falls iron-bearing districts. 1900, iL 412. 

on magnetic schists. 1894, i. 416. 

on Marquette iron-bearing region. 1898, i. 345. 

BAYLIS, Arthuk Bakewbll, elected member. 1898, i. 1. 
BAYLISS, M., obituary notice of. 1895, i. 261. 
BAYLISS, T. A., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 
BAYLISS, T. R., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 



GENERAL INDEX. 121 

BBALBY, Harold Edwabd, elected member. 1895, i. 1. 

Bbam-m ILL, York univeniaL 1890, ii. 769 ; 1893, ii. 452. 

BEARD, A., on sheet-mill progress. 1894, i. 541. 

BEARD, Albert Edward, elected member. 1895, i. 1. 

BEARD, 0., on failares in necks of chilled iron rolls. 1892, ii. 18<>. 

on ironworks plant. 1900, i. 371. 

on manafactnre of steel plates. 1893, ii. 124. 

on mineral statistics of United Kingdom. 1900, i. 445. 

on paddling. 1895, ii. Gf). 

BEARD, Herbert, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 

BEARD, J. T., book on mining by. 1895, i. 548. 

on methods of working coal. 1900, i. 331 ; ii. 470. 

on moulding. 1898, i. 470. 

on ventilation of collieries. 1897, i. 429; 1899, ii. 381; 1900, i. 

333. 

on working coal. 1898, ii. 440 ; 1899, i. 348. 



BEARDHORE, Joseph, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 
BBARDMORE, W., election of, as member of council. 1892, i. 4. 

on nickel iron alloys. 1896, ii. 417. 

on nickel steel. 1895, ii. 175 ; 1897, ii. 473. 

BEARDSHAW, W. F., on Swedish iron industry. 1898, ii. 33. 

on alloys of iron and chromium. 1892, ii. 140. 

BEARE, J. Hudson, on testing iron and steel. 1892, i. 471. 

on testing machinery. 1894, i. 581. 

on uniformity in methods of testing. 1896, i. 508. 

BEATTIE, Francis, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 

BEATTY, W. H., on coal loading and storage. 1895, ii. 453. 

BEAUDREY, on a hydraulic winding device. 1896, i. 369. 

BEAUMONT, W. W., on coal washing and screening. 1900, ii. 485. 

BEAUPAIN, J., on fire-damp explosions. 1900, i. 337. 

BECHEN, G. VON. on application of driven rollers. 1899, i. 399. 

BECK. L., books on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 360 ; 1893, ii. 5G2 ; 1894, ii. 537 : 

1895, ii. 632; 1896, ii. 48() ; 1897, ii. 550; 1898, i. 583, ii. 599; 1899, i. 

606. 

on early days of iron manufacture. 1895, i. 419. 

on OTolntion of blast-furnace. 1899, i. 379. 

on history of blast-furnace. 1894, ii. 385. 

on history of iron. 1893, ii. 476 ; 1895, ii. 473 ; 1896, i. 418 ; 1897, ii. 

416. 

on history of iron -founding. 1895, i. 410. 



BECK, R., book on mining by. 1900. ii. G31. 

on formation of graphite. 1891, ii. 165. 

BECK, W., book on mining by. 1892, ii. 555. 

BECKERT, O. F., on iron ore in Philippines. 1899, i. 289. 

BECKERT, T., books on metallurgy- by. 1892. ii. 554 ; 1894, ii. 537 ; 1895, i. 

647, ii. 632 ; 1896, L 573 ; 1897," ii. '550 ; 1898, i. 583 ; 1899, i. 506, ii. 530 ; 

1900, i. 492. 

on Goke-OTens. 1898, ii. 409. 

on phosphoric magnetite. 1898, i. 362. 

BECKETT, J. A., on melting iron and control of mixture. 1897, ii. 408. 
BECKWITH, J. H., obituary notice of. 1898, ii. 325. 



122 GENERAL INDEX. 

BEDSON, J. P.— 

Paper on *'Iron and steel wire, and the development of its manu- 
facture," 1893, ii. 77 ; history of wire manufacture, 77 ; wire drawing, 
81 ; the first Atlantic cable, 84 ; galvanising wire, 85 ; Bedson's con- 
tinuous mill, 86 ; Belgian mill, 89 ; Blecklj's mill, 90 ; Boecker's mill, 93; 
wire-drawing in the United States, 93 ; Garrett's mill, 94 ; statistics, 96 ; 
Discussion : H. Bauerman, 98 ; J. Riley, 98 ; T. Turner, 99 ; W. C. Roberts- 
Austen, 99 ; J. P. Bedson, 99. — Correspondenet : H. G. Graves, 101. 

BEDSON, P. P., on fire-damp. 1898, i. 424. 

on gases in coal. 1892, i. 316 ; 1891, i. 502. 

on testing for fire-damp. 1897, ii. 857. 

Beehive coke ovens. 1891. ii. 200 r 1895, ii. 420 ; 1898, i. 387. ii. 412 ; 1899, 

i. 327 ; 1900, i. 303, ii. 444. 
BEESLEY, W. T., elected member. 1898, iL 4. 
BEGLINGER, on thermal conductivity of iron. 1896, i. 493. 
Behavioub of cast iron immersed in molten iron. 1898, ii. 481. 

of coal during combustion. 1892, i. 309. 

of silicon in foundry practice. 1897, ii. 406. 

BEHR, C, on pumping appliances. 1897, i. 426. 
BEHR, H. C, book on mining by. 1896, ii. 487. 
BEHRENS, book on mining by. 1896, ii. 487. 

on colliery explosions. 1898, i. 424. 

on fire-damp. 1896, ii. 336 ; 1897, i. 430. 

BEHRENS, H., book on metallurgy by. 1894, i. 649. 

on cementation of iron. 1895, ii. 503. 

BEIJER. G., elected member. 1898, ii. 4. 
BEIJER, L., elected member. 1898, ii. 4. 
BEILBY, George, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

on by-product ovens. 1899, ii. 354. 

on consumption of coal. 1899, ii. 495. 

BEILSTEIN, F., on the separation of ferric oxide and alumina. 1892, ii. 
522. 

BEL, G. Le, coal in France and Belgium. 1897, ii. 311. 

BELELUBSKY, N., on ingot iron from the Kiev Bridge. 1890, i. 345. 

Belgian cannel coal. 1894, i. 442. 

coal, molybdenum, selenium, &c., in. 1897, ii. 322. 

coalfield. 1895, i. 316. 

collieries, mean depth of. 1895, ii. 449. 

collieries, steel trucks in. 1892, ii. 398. 

iron. 1895, i. 401. 

iron industries. 1896, i. 572. 

iron trade. 1890, i. 382 ; 1891, i. 455. 

ironworks, new. 1895, ii. 4(i5. 

steel industry. 1893, ii. 540. 

steelworks. 1895, i. .527. 

wire-rod mill. 1893, ii. S9. 

Belgium, blast-furnaces in. 1890, ii. mw : 1899, ii. 502. 

coal in. 1897, ii. 311 ; 1900, i. 296. 

coal-mining in. 1899, i. .'i49. 

cost of raising coal in. 1896, i. 550. 

imports and exports of. 1890, i. HHIi ; 1891, i. 454, ii. ^39 ; 1892, i. 507, 

ii. 534 ; 1893, i. 426 ; 1894, i. 630 ; 1895, i. 527. 



GENERilL INDEX. 128 

BSLGIUM, iron and coal production of. 1891, ii. 338. 

iron and steel industries. 1894, ii. 7. 

iron ores of. 1890, s. v. 127. 

manufacture of malleable iron in. 1898, i. 476. 

metal sleepers in. 1892, ii. 497. 

mines in. 1889, ii. 503. 

mining industry of. 1894, ii. 11. 

production of pig iron in. 1892, ii. 534. 

royalties in. 1890, s. v. 194.* 

statistics of, 1890, i. 382, ii. 863 ; 1891, i. 454, ii. 338 ; 1892, i. 506, ii. 

.'i84 ; 1893, i. 425, ii. 546 ; 1894, i. 629, ii. 507 ; 1895, i. 526, ii. 609 ; 1896, 

i. 550, ii. 463 ; 1897, i. 591, ii. 521 ; 1898, i. 548, ii. 574 ; 1899, i. 478, ii. 

502 ; 1900, i. 451, ii. 595. 
BELL, B. T. A., book on mining by. 1893, i. 450 ; 1895, ii. 633 ; 1899, ii. 531. 
on mineral statistics of Canada. 1895, ii. 610 ; 1896, ii. 464 ; 1898, 

ii. 675. 
BELL, C. L., on pyrometers. 1893, i. 122. 
BELL, Hugh, on Rollet process for producing a pure carbide of iron, 1890, 

i. 167. 

remarks on seconding vote of thanks to the President. 1890, i. 168. 

BELL, H. S., obituary notice of. 1894. i. 389. 

BELL, Sir Lowthian, appointed representative of Institute. 1898, i. 11. 

book on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 890. 

on American iron trade and its progress during sixteen years. 1890, 

8. V. 1. 

on a new casting-machine for blast-furnaces. 1899, ii. 60. 

on a new form of Siemens furnace. 1890, i. 30. 

on a new method of producing high temperatures. 1900, ii. 210. 

on a phenomenon in the fusion of mild steel. 1891, ii. 73. 

on basic steel at Witkowitz. 1893, ii. 17. 

on Belgian mines. 1894, ii. 36. 

on blast-furnace gas. 1898, i. 38, 89. 

on blast-furnaces. 1894, i. 89 ; 1896, ii. 347. 

on by-product ovens. 1898, i. 54. 

on carbon in iron. 1893, ii. 71. 

on caustic lime in the blast-furnace. 1894, ii. 61, 73. 

on changes in iron produced by thermal treatment. 1881, i. 111. 

on chemical phenomena in the manufacture of steel. 1890, i. 145. 

on critical points of iron and steel. 1890, i. 78. 

on danger of using too hard steel rails. 1898, ii. 83. 

on development of the iron industrv in France from 1S88 to 1898. 

1900, ii. 39. 

on elimination of sulphur. 1891, ii. 83, 89; 1892, i. 117; ii. 275; 

1893, i. 85. 

on equalisation of varying temperatures of hot-blast. 1900, i. 160. 

on experiments with basic steel. 1892, i. 68. 

on Ford and Moncur hot-blast stoves. 1896, i. 50. 

on Gellivare iron-ore mines. 1899, i. 68. 

on hard steel rails. 1898, ii. 83. 

on influence of aluminium on iron. 1890, i. 124. 

on iron industry of Spain. 1896, ii. 33. 

on iron trade of United States. 1900, i. 484. 




124 GBNERAL INDKX. 

BBLL, 8iB LowTHiAH, on Le Chatelier pyrometer. 1891, !. 94, 97. 

on mannfactnre and application of water-gas. 1900, L 135, 140. 

Pa/per on '* Mannfactnre of iron in its relation with agricnltnre," 1892, 
ii 11 ; iron and carbon, 11 ; ash of plants, 12 ; nitrog^ and phosphomii, 
12 ; ammonia and its compoonds, 12 ; waste of assimilable nitrogen, 13 ; 
sal-ammoniac, 18 ; cost of ammoniacal salt, 13 ; coal gas, 14 ; consamp- 
tion of coal in gasworks, 14 ; ammonia in coal, 14 ; consumption of coke 
in iron works, 14 ; production of ammonia in iron making, 15 ; yield of 
ammoniacal gas, 16 ; recovery of ammonia in Scotland, 16 ; the Dempster 
process, 16 ; tar products, 19 ; yield of by-products at Cambroe Works, 
20 ; proposed use of a Siemens producer, 20 ; phosphorus, 20 ; order of 
development of organic life, 21 ; ages of ores of iron, 22 ; phosphorus in 
iron ores, 23 ; coal-bearing strata, 25 ; metalloids in Cleveland iron, 26. — 
Dueustion : The President, 28 ; G. J. Snelus, 28 ; J. Cuninghame, 30. 

on open-hearth continuous steel process. 1900, i. 67. 

on open-hearth steel. 1894, ii. 153. 

on permanent way. 1898, i. 110. 

on permeability of steel-melting crucibles. 1897, i. 85. 

on platinum pyrometers. 1892, i. 179. 

on practice of the combined open-hearth process of Messrs. Bertrand 

and ThieL 1897, i. 127. 

on President's address. 1891, i. 56. 

Paper on " Probable future of the manufacture of iron," 1890, ii. 406 ; 
early use of iron, 407 ; abundance of ores of iron, 407 ; the low Catalan 
fire, 408 ; invention of the blast-furnace, 408 ; the puddling process and 
its effects, 409 ; the Bessemer process, 409 ; comparative statistics of 
puddling and the steel manufacture, 410 ; prices and quantities of iron 
and iron ore, 1870-84, 411 ; increased make of pig iron from imported 
ores, 411; experiments of W. Siemens, 412; the direct process, 413 
theory of the subject, 413 ; chemical changes in the blast-furnace, 414 
comparison of conditions in the blast and the reverberatory furnace, 415 
thermal and chemical theory of the direct process, 417 ; analysis of 
figures, 418 ; Chenot's process, 419 ; Gruner's views of it, 419 ; increased 
economy of production by blast-furnace, 420 ; direct process proposals, 
421 ; phosphorus, 422 ; the basic process, 423 ; conclusion, 423. — Du- 
eiuiion: G. W. Maynard, 424; H. M. Howe, 431; G. J. Snelus, 433; 
Sir L. Bell, 435. 

on the production of pure iron and steel. 1892, i. 94. 

on puddling process. 1891, i. 147. 

on pyrometers. 1898, i. 118. 

on rails. 1900, i. 418, ii. 559. 

on roasting of iron ores. 1896, ii. 136. 

on Scandinavian iron ores. 1894, i. 68. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1896, i. 123. 

Paper on "Use of caustic lime in the blast-furnace,'* 1894, ii. 38. — 
DitcuMum : The President, 58 ; D. Evans, 58 ; C. Wood, 58 ; J. Kennedy, 
59; A. Greiner, 60; Sir L. Bell, 01. — Correnpondencf : C. Cochrane, 62; 
Sir L. Bell, 73 ; H. M. Howe, 87. 

on use of finely-divided iron ore. 1899, ii. 48. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace slag. 1900, i. 147. 

on utilisation of slag for evaporating. 1890, i. 297. 

Paper on " Waste of heat, past, present, and future, in smelting ores of 
iron,^' 1893, ii. 19.—Discu88i(yn: W. C. Roberts- Austen, 19; Sir L. Bell, 
19 ; J. F. Wilson, 19 ; the President, 20. 
on wear of metal. 1890, ii. 270. 
on '* Weardale " furnace. 1897, i. 71. 




GENERAL INDEX. 125 

BBLL, SiE LowTHiAN, remarks on receivine Bessemer medal for John Fritz. 
1888, i. 47. 

speech at annual dinner. 1890, s. v. 478. 

YOte of thanks by. 1894, i. 24, iL 209 ; 1896, i. 220 ; 1897, i. 40 ; 1899, 

ii. 237 ; 1900, i. 14. 

work done by. 1899, i. 33. 



BELL, R., on iron ore in Ontario. 1893, i. 183. 

on lignite and anthracite around Hudson Bay. 1895, i. 320. 

BELL, ROBEBT, obituary notice of. 1891, i. 389. 
BELL, T., on methods of working coal. 1900, i. 330. 
BELL, Thomas, obituary notice of. 1894, ii. 264. 
BELL, W., on coal-cutting machines. 1892, i. 359. 

on winding by endless ropes. 1893, ii. 390. 

BELL, W. R., on underground haulage. 1896, ii. 325. 

Bbll and hopper. 1890, s. v. 258. 

Bell for blast-furnaces. 1891, i. 359 ; 1896, i. 405. 

BELLAMY, Alfred Rowe, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 

Bellaby district, India, manganese ore in the. 1897, ii. 281. 

Belle Island, iron ore mining in. 1900, ii. 418. 

BELLEN, E. van deb, on determination of moisture. 1900, i 441. 

BELLBT, D., on coal in Colombia. 1894, i. 452. 

on coal in South Africa. 1899, ii. 348 ; 1900, i. 299. 

on coal in United States. 1900, ii. 622. 

on iron ore in Brazil. 1899, ii. 323. 

on petroleum industry of Galicia. 1894, i. 468. 

on steel in Japan. 1893, ii. 553. 

BELLOM, M., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 600. 

on the magnetic separation of iron ore. 1892, i. 300. 

BELL WOOD, G., elected member. 1894, i. 1. 

BELSLEY, C, on electric transmission of power. 1898, i. 408. 

BENAZET, on determination of phosphorus. 1895, i. 505 ; ii. 591. 

Bending, straightening, and flanging machine. 1891, ii. 291 ; 1892, i. 447. 

BENDRAT, T. A., on coal in New Mexico. 1900, ii. 440. 

BENE, G. VON, on the geology of the Resicz-Domdn coalfield. 1892, ii. 352. 

BENEDICKS, G., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

BENEDIKT, V. M., on electric power in workshops. 1895, ii. 635. 

Benefit funds at iron mines. 1898, ii. 376. 

Bengal, coalfield in. 1896, i. 340. 

BENJAMIN, C. H., on effect of punching on soft steel. 1892, ii. 492. 

on friction horse-power. 1897, i. 520. 

on strength of steel castings. 1896, ii. 409. 

BENJAMIN, E. H. , book on mining by. 1900, i. 494. 

on winding-ropes. 1900, i. 325. 

BENNDORF, K., on mine surveying. 1900, i. 340. 

BENNETT, A. W., on electric conductors in mines. 1894, I 490. 

on electric haulage. 1895, ii. 436. 

on telephones in mines. 1896, i. 382. 

BENNETT, J. T., on origin of safety-lamp. 1898, i. 278. 
BENNEVILLE, J. S. de, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

on alloys of iron. 1894, ii. 478. 

on carbides of iron. 1895, it 684. 

on determination of silica. 1897, ii. 509. 



126 GENERAL INDEX. 

BENNBYILLB, J. S. DB, on missing oarbon. 1896, ii. 186. 

Paper on ** Passive iron," 1897, ii. 40 ; introductory, 40 ; historical, 42 ; 
Table I., Composition of the steel, 63 ; passivity and allotropy, 68 ; silver 
nitrate solutions, ^., 60 ; silver nitrate solutions and nitric acid, 66 ; 
passivity and the beta-gamma iron theory, 70 ; conclusion, 73. — Corres- 
pandencCt J. B. Senderens, 76. 

Paper on " Some alloys with iron carbides : mainly manganese and 
tungsten," 1896, i. 222 ; ferro-manganese, 223 ; iron, manganese, and 
tungsten in the alloys, 233 ; silicon, carbon, phosphorus, and nitrogen, 
239 ; manganese vertut tungsten, 242 ; gases present in iron, 243 ; con- 
clusion, 275. — Correspondence : R. A. Hadfield, 277 ; K. H. Saniter, 279 ; 
J. E. Stead, 279 ; J. Parry, 281. 

Paper on " Ternary alloys of iron with chromium, molybdenum, and 
tungsten," 1895, i. 202 ; tungsten-chromium iron, 203 ; molybdenum- 
chromium iron, 205 ; molybdenum- tungsten irons, 207 ; chemical ex- 
amination, 209 ; composition of the idloys, 221 ; segregations, 226 ; 
analytical notes, 227 ; general considerations, 230. — Correipondence : ¥. 
Lynwood Garrison, 249 ; J. Parry, 252. 

Bbnnioch iron ore mines. 1894, i. 403. 
BENSON, O., on foundry buildings. 1898, ii. 481. 
BENT, J. T., on Abyssinian iron. 1894, i. 538. 

on native manufacture of iron. 1892, ii. 446. 

Bentheim-Ochtrup clay ironstone deposits. 1898, i. 340 ; ii. 348. 
BENTHER, F., on the magnetic concentration of iron ore. 1891, ii. 160. 
BENTON, W. E., elected member. 1894, i. 1. 

on screening coal. 1893, ii. 419. 

BENTROP, W., on underground haulage. 1896, ii. 326. 

on winding appliances. 1900, i. 324. 

Benzene, collection of. 1894, i. 463. 

BERG, A., on new explosives. 1893, i. 264. 

BERGAMI, F., on determination of phosphorus. 1894, i. 611. 

Bebge-Bobbeck, the Capell fan at. 1891, i. 334. 

BERGENDAL, ToM, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

BERGER, F., on stondard tests of cast iron. 1899, ii. 468. 

BERGERON, J., on French coalfields. 1896, ii. 300 ; 1897, i. 368. 

BERGLOF, A., on American open -hearth steelworks. 1899, ii. 437. 

BERGLUND, H., elected member. 1899, i. 2. 

BERGSTROM, C, on basic Bessemer process. 1895, ii. 518. 

on open -hearth furnaces in Germany. 1895, ii. 508. 

BERINGER, J. J., book on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 366 ; 1895, i. 547 ; 1897, 

i. 627. 
BERKLEY, SiB G., obituary notice of. 1894, i. 389. 
BERKLEY, R. W., on ventilating appliances. 1893, i. 277. 
BERNARD, Captain, on iron ore in China. 1900, ii. 413. 
BERNARD, E., on blast-furnace scaffolds. 1896, ii. 349. 
BERNARDIN, E., on the effect of cold on steel. 1890, ii. 824. 
BERNE, on methods of working coal. 1900, i. 331. 

on winding engines. 1896, ii. 324. 

BERNER, W. F., on a new hot-blast stove. 1895, i. 390. 

on direct reduction from ores. 1897, ii. 414. 

BERNHARD, F., on the coalfields of Upper Silesia. 1891, ii. 175. 
BERRIER- FONTAINE, J.-B. L. F. M , elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 
BERRY, H., elected member. 1893, ii. 1. 



GENERAL INDEX. 127 

BERSCH, J., book on metallurgy by. 1899, ii. 530. 

BER8CH, W., book on mining by. 1898, i. 584. 

BERTHELOT, D., on pyrometry. 1895, ii. 399 ; 1898, i. 373. 

BERTHELOT, M., book on metallurgy by. 1897. ii. 550. 

book on mining by. 1892, ii. ooo. 

on the calorific power of fuels. 1892, ii. 340. 

on combustible gases. 1894, i. 438. 

on the determination of sulphur in Roumanian petroleum. 1899, ii. 

493. 
BERTHELOT, M., and P. PETIT, on graphite in cast iron. 1890, ii. 849. 

BERTIN, L. E., on trials of armour-plate and projectiles. 1897, ii. 483. 

BERTRAM, A., on the prevention of overwinding. 1890, i. 251. 

BERTRAND, C. E., on boghead at Autun. 1894, ii. 316. 

BERTRAND, Ernst, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

on a basic lining for Bessemer converters. 1890, i. 217. 

Paper on " The practice of the combined open- hearth process of 
Messrs. Bertrand and Thiel," 1897, i. 115; plant of the Kladno Steel- 
works, 115; boiling of heats, 117; results of heats, 118 ; finishing furnace, 
119; yield, 119; time needed for the heats, 120; analysis of finished 
steel, 121 ; Table I., Materials char^'ed and yield. 122 ; Table II., Chemical 
and mechanical tests, 123 ; working of highly phosphoric basic pig, 124 ; 
analysis of slag, 124. — Discussion : (Jr. J. Snelus, 125 ; Sir Lowthian Bell, 
127 ; G. A. Wilson, 12h ; James Rilev, 130 ; Bernard Dawson, l-U ; J. E. 
Stead, 133; F. W. Harhonl, 135;' Edward Rilev, 137; E. Windsor- 
Richards, 137; G. J. Snelus, 139; J. W. Spencer, 139; Professor H. 
Bauerman, 139; the Pr('si<lent, liO; P. C. Gilchrist, 140. — Correspfm- 
<Unce : J. W. Wailes, 144 ; E. Bertrand, 1 46. 

BERTRAND, M., on coal in France. 1893, ii. 341 ; 1894, ii. 316 ; 1898, i. 
374, ii. 393 ; 1900, ii. 434. 

Bebtrand-Thiel process. 1896, ii. 376 ; 1897, i. 115, 501, ii. 427; 1898, i. 
485, ii. 500 ; 1899, ii. 442 ; 1900, i. 382, ii. 527. 

BESSEMER, Sir H., death of. 1898. i. 15. 

letter from, to James Dredge. 1890, ii. 369. 

letter from, to Sir James Kit>on. 1890, ii. 399. 

obituary notice of. 1898, i. 298. 

on arsenic in steel. 1895, i. 132. 

on Bessemer process. 1896, i. 470. 

on Bessemer steel. 1897, i. 505. 

on Bessemer steel industry. 1894, ii. .')35. 

on Bessemer steel in shipbuilding. 1895, ii. 532. 

on illustrations of progress in materials for shipbuilding and en- 

gineering at the Royal Naval Exhibition. 1891, ii. 58. 

Paper on **The manufacture of continuous sheets of malleable iron 
and steel direct from liuid metal,'' 1891, ii. 23; introduction and 
analogous processes, 23 ; form of apparatus proposed, 24 ; experiments 
in 1846, 25 ; metal employed, 26 ; results, 27 ; supply of molten metal to 
rolls, 28 ; regular and (juick supply, 29 ; regulation of supply, 30 ; thick- 
ness of plates, 31 ; crystallisation, 31 ; scale, 32 ; speed of production, 32. 
— Discussion : The Pre.-ident and J. W. Spencer, 33 ; E. A. Cowper, 35 ; 
W. D. Allen, 36 ; G. J. Snelus, 37 ; Sir H. Bessemer, 39 ; the President, 41. 

on nickel steel. 1895, ii. 191. 

on Robert-Bessemer steel process. 1890, i. 108. 

remarks on presenting medal. 1890, i. 13. 

remarks on seconding vote of thanks to the Institution of Civil 



Engineers. 1890, i. 158. 



128 GENERAL INDEX. 

BESSEMER, SiB H., reprint of his original paper. 1888, L 306. 

vote of thanks by. 1898, i. 171. 

work done by. 1899, i. 33. 

Bessemer and open-hearth metal from the same ores. 1891, i. 395. 

blowing-engines, German and Austrian. 1893, i. 333. 

casting, a large. 1891, ii. 277. 

city. 1890, s. v. 197, 332. 

converters at Cambria. 1890, s. v. 264. 

converters at Edgar Thomson Works. 1890, s. v. 266. 

converters at Homestead Works. 1890, s. v. 268. 

converters at South Chicago Works. 1890, s. v. 270. 

converters at Sparrow Point Works. 1890, s. v. 271. 

converters, recent small. 1898, i. 490. 

converters, working of. 1900, ii. 631. 

cupolas at Cambria. 1890, s. v. 264. 

cupolas at Edgar Thomson Works. 1890, s. v. 266. 

gold medal. 1890, i. 7, 12, ii. 86 ; 1891, i. 57 ; 1892, i. 6, 9 ; 1898, i. 

45 ; 1894, i. 12 ; 1895, i. 13 ; 1896, 1. 10, 15 ; 1897, i. 10 ; 1898, i. 16 ; 

1899, i. 50 ; 1900, i. 18. 

gold medallists, diplomas for. 1890, i. 7. 

ingot cranes at Cambria. 1890, s. v. 264. 

ingot cranes at Edgar Thomson Works. 1890, s. v. 266. 

ingot moulds at Cambria. 1890, s. v. 265. 

ingot moulds at Edgar Thomson Works. 1890, s. v. 266. 

ingots, cost of production of. 1890, s. v. 197.* 

ingots, production of, in United States. 1898, i. 439, ii. 556. 

iron, German, basic. 1890, i. 345. 

ladles at Cambria. 1890, s. v. 265. 

ladles at South Chicago. 1890, s. v. 70. 

liquation, phenomena in. 1891, ii. 299. 

metal, basic. 1891, i. 421 ; 1892, i. 470. 

plant at Cambria Steelworks. 1892, i. 435. 

plant at Homestead Works. 1894, i. 556. 

plant, cost of a. 1891, ii. 278. 

plant, oldest small. 1890, i. 324. 

plant, Troy basic. 1896, i. 468. 

plants in South Russia. 1898, ii. 515. 

practice. 1890, s. v. 262. 

practice, American. 1895, ii. 517. 

process. 1890, i. 318, ii. 791 ; 1891, i. 395, ii. 277 ; 1892, i. 431, iL 467 ; 

1893, i. 333, ii. 470 ; 1894. i. 554, ii. 414 ; 1895, i. 436, ii. 516 ; 1896. i. 451. 
ii. 383; 1897, i. 505, ii. 435; 1898, i. 490, ii. 510; 1899, i. 409, ii 438; 

1900, i. 383, ii. 528. 

process, thermo-chemistry of. 1895, ii. 95. 

process, use of hot-blast in. 1899, i. 197. 

shop at the Bethlehem Steelworks, Pennsylvania. 1890, i. 321. 

slag, basic. 1891, ii. 280. 

slag, basic, analysis of. 1892, ii. 523. 

steel, basic. 1890, ii. 793 ; 1891, ii. 312. 

steel, charcoal. 1895, ii. 560. 

steel, cost of. 1890, ii. 794 ; 1891, i. 395. 



GENERAL INDEX. 129 

BssaBMEB Bteel, history of. 1898, ii. 514. 

steel in shipbuilding. 1895, ii. 532. 

steel joisto, basic. 1898, i. 384. 

steel mannfactnre in the United States. 1898, ii. 514. 

steel, nitrogen in. 1896, ii. 162. 

steel rails, cost of prodnction of. 1890, s. v. 197. 

steel, sulphar in. 1891, i. 429. 

steelworks, cupola practice in. 1900, ii. 530. 

steelworks, handling ingots and moulds in. 1892, i. 442. 

steelworks in the United States. 1890, s. v. 262. 

steelworks, new American. 1894, i. 557. 

steelworks, rules in. 1898, ii. 513. 

BEST, W., on safety-lamps. 1898, ii. 409. 

Best Yorkshire iron. 1896, ii. 366. 

Bethlbheh ironworks, Bessemer shop at the. 1890, i. 321. 

ironworks, paddling furnaces at the. 1890, i. 306. 

plate mills, the. 1897. i. 494. 

steelworks. 1894, i. 653. 

BEVAN, IBAIAII, obituary notice of. 1892, ii. 301. 
SEVAN, William, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

obituary notice of. 1898, i. 312. 

Bbybllino machine, angle-iron. 1890, ii. 804. 

BEVIKGTON, J. H., on a new welding and tube-shaping process. 1892, i. 

445. 
BETER, on repairing faulty castings. 1900, ii. 535. 

BEYER, 8. W., on coal in Iowa. 1897, i. 384. 

BEYER, PEACOCK k COMPANY, Gorton Foundry. 1899, ii. 273. 

BEYSCHLAG, F., on iron ore near Giessen. 1897, ii. 269. 

on the iron ores of the Vogelsberg. 1897, ii. 269. 

BUAMO, Burma, coal in the country north of. 1892, ii. 360. 

Bibliography. 1890, 1. 408, ii. 81)0 ; 1891, i. 483, ii. 366 ; 1892, i. 533, ii. 554 ; 
1898, i. 449, ii. 562 ; 1894, i. 649, ii. 537 ; 1895, i. 547, ii. 632 ; 1896, l 573, 
iL 486 ; 1897, i. 627, ii. 550 ; 1898, i. 583, ii. 599 ; 1899, i. 506, ii. 530 ; 
1900, i. 492, ii. 630. 

of Bilbao. 1896, ii. 96. 

of carbon and iron. 1897, i. 177. 

of critical points of iron and steel. 1890, i. 69. 

of iron and phosphorus. 1900, ii 143. 

of microscopic examination. 1894, i. 311. 

of steelworks analysis. 1900, ii. 572. 

BICHAT, on pyrometry. 1897, ii. 308. 

BICHEROUX, F., on lighting blast-furnaces. 1896, i. 404. 

BICKELL, L., books on metallurgy by. 1890, i. 408. 

on the history of cast iron. 1892, i. 393. 

BICKERS, J. M., on winding engines. 1895, il 386. 

BICKFORD, J. S. v., on petroleum vapour burners. 1898, U. 424. 

BiCKLSY hoop and cotton-tie mill. 1891, ii. 258. 

Bicyole tnbiiig. 1896, iL 410. 

tubing, testing. 1899, ii. 469. 

Bicycles, mannfactnre of. 1895, ii. 538 ; 1897, i. 518. 

BIDWELL, S., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1894, ii. 442. 

on magnetism in iron. 1892, iL 489. 

I 



130 GENERAL INDEX. 

Big Stonb Gap coalfield. 1891, ii 331. ^ 

BIGGART, A. S., on wire ropes. 1891, i. 409. 

BIGK^ART, J. L., on hydraulic power. 1898, i. 353. 

BIGKj^S, R. B., on separation of iron and aluminium. 1899, ii. 538. 

BIGG- WITHER. H., on blasting. 1894, i. 491. 

Bilbao, bibliography of. 1896, ii. 96. 

coke at. 1894, ii. 524. 

consumption of iron ore. 1896, ii. 99. 

district. 1898, i. 342. 

export of iron ore from. 1891, i. 463 ; 1893, i. 437 ; 1896, ii. 98. 

iron trade of. 1895, i. 540, ii. 623. 

iron trade statistics of. 1897, ii. 538. 

ironworks. 1896, i. 565. 

output of iron ore from. 1896, iL 99. 

port of. 1896, i. 566. 

rolling sheets in. 1898, ii. 453. 

steelworks at 1898, ii. 472. 

Viscaya steelworks. 1893, i. 334 ; 1898, ii. 468. 

visits and excursions. 1896, ii. 217. 

BILDT, Cabl Wilhelm, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 

on a feed for gas-producers. 1896, ii. 320. 

on fuel for gas-producers. 1898, i. 401. 

on heating furnaces. 1891, ii. 284. 

BILHARZ, O., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 551. 
on screening coal. 1898, ii. 418. 

BILLEK, J., on the separation of iron carbonate from zinc blende. 1898, i. 

205. 
BILLINGTON, R. J., elected member. 1893, i. 1. 

on natural gas in East Sussex. 1898, ii. 426. 

BILLY, E. DE, book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 537. 

on American and European blast-furnace practice. 1892, ii 423. 

on direct processes. 1893, i. 347. 

on formation of blow-holes in steel castings. 1892, i. 483. 

on iron manufacture. 1897, i. 451. 

on Rive de Gier collieries. 1897, ii. 364. 

BINCKLEY, George S., on steel head frames. 1899, ii. 370. 
BINDER, O., on the spontaneous combustion of coal. 1892, ii. 351. 
BINNS, A., on cast-iron test-bars. 1892, ii. 492. 
BINNS, G. J., on coal in New Zealand. 1893, ii. 352. 

on iron ore in New Zealand. 1893, i. 185. 

on minerals at Netherseal Colliery. 1897, ii. 309. 

on Netherseal boring. 1898, i. 373. 

on underground haulage. 1897, ii. 347. 

BIOT, AUGUSTK, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

obituary notice of. 1898, i. 312. 

BIRD, Clabence, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

BIRK, A., on utilisation of blast-furnace sla^r. 1900, ii. 506. 

BIRKINBINE, J., book on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. 599. 

notes on American iron ore deposits, with special reference to those 

visited bv the Iron and Steel Institute in the northern portion of the 

United States. 1890, s. v. 361. 



GENERAL INDEX. 131 



« 



BIBKINBINE, J., on American blast-famace praotice. 1895, ii. 459 ; 1896, 
i. 417 ; 1898, ii. 468. 

on American blast-furnaces. 1890, ii. 79. 

on blowing machinery. 1897, i. 465. 

on concentration of iron ore in the United States. 1891, i. 272, ii. 162. 

on Cornwall ore hills. 1895, i. 282. 

on inflnence of situation upon the pig iron industry. 1892, i. 432. 

on iron ore of the United States. 1898, ii. 594 ; 1900, ii. 621. 

on iron ore deposits of Ottawa. 1890, i. 192. 

on iron ore in New York. 1890, i. 194. 

on iron ore mining. 1893, i. 201. 

on iron ore production of the United States. 1898, i. 440, ii. 557 ; 



1897, il 541. 

— on Lake Superior iron ore mining. 1896, ii. 286 ; 1898, ii. 361. 

— on manganese ore in the United States. 1897, ii. 541. 

— on manufacture of iron in the United States. 1895, i. 399. 

— on mine timber. 1899, i. 343. 

— on native iron. 1895, i. 288. 

— on ore dressing by electricity. 1890, ii. 674. 

— on pig iron industry. 1896, i. 413. 

— on Schuylkill Valley. 1893, i. 444. 

— on shipping iron ore. 1893, i. 206. 

— on world's iron trade. 1900, ii. 620. 
on world's production of iron ore. 1895, ii. 628. 



BiBMiNOHAM, Alabama, excursion to. 1890, s. v. 463. 

iron manufacture at. 1894, ii. 390. 

district, coke-ovens in the. 1890, ii. 886. 

ores. 1890, s. v. 328. 

BiBMlNGHAM gasworks. 1895, ii. 325. 

Mayor of, welcome by. 1895. ii. 1. 

Small Arms Factory. 1895, ii. 331. 

BIRNIE, R., on initial strains in a steel forging. 1896, ii. 407. 
Biscay, present position of the iron ore industry of. 1896, ii. 36. 
BISCHOF, C, book on metallurgy by. 1895, ii.'632. 

on magnesia bricks. 1893, i. 212. 

BISCHOF, M., on fireclay from Wildstein. 1892, il 343. 

BISCHOFF, F., on the use of steel for bridge construction. 1892, i. 476. 

BISCHOP, W. R, book on mining by. 1900, i. 494. 

Bismuth, metallic occurrence of, in a blast-furnace. 1891, i. 368. 

BISSELL, G. W., on testing machines. 1897, i. 531. 

BITTO, B. VON, on the composition of Hungarian coal. 1895, i. 315. 

Bitumen. Californian. 1894, ii. 343. 

from Park County, Montana. 1894, ii. 343. 

from Portuguese West Africa. 1899, i. 333. 

in Albania. 1897, ii. 331 . 

in Swedish iron ore mines. 1893, i. 243. 

new variety of. 1895, ii. 426. 

of the Caucasus. 1896, i. 359. 

BiTUMBKS and asphalts. 1895, ii. 426. 

Bituminous coalfield of Pennsylvania. 1892^ ii. 364. 

coal-measures of the Appalachian system. 1896, ii. 413. 



182 OBNSBAL IKDBX. 

BiTUKiHOUB ooal of the United States. 1890, s. y. 138, 227. 
BIWABIK mine. 1898, a 323 ; 189i, i. 415. 
Bjslobezk ironworks, flux used at tha 1890, iL 759. 
BJERRBGAARD, S. P., on caloalation of fumaoe charges. 1898, IL 442. 
BJORLING, P. R, book on mining by. 1898, i. 450 ; 1896, i. 574. 

on briquettes. 1897, ii. 374. 

on pnmping appliances. 1896, i 377. 

on pumps. 1895, ii. 444. 

BJORNDAL, on a new form of open-hearth. 1900, iL 523. 

Black-damp. 1895, i. 373. 

Black Sea, coal on the. 1895, ii. 409. 

BLACEETT, W. C, on ooal dast in mines. 1894, L 504. 

on colliery explosions. 1891, L 337. 

BLACEWELL, C. B., on the effect of flanging steel. 1892, L 449. 
BLACEWBLL, George G., elected member. 1897, U. 6. 

on bauxite. 1894, ii. 304. 

BLACEWBLL, T. O., on electricity in mining. 1894, i. 487. 

BLAIR, A. A., book on metallnrgy by. 1891, i. 483 ; 1892, 1. 533 ; 1896, ii. 486. 

on analysis of iron. 1896, ii. 440. 

on determination of pbosphorns. 1895, ii. 593 ; 1896, i. 532. 

BLAIR, T., on alloys of iron and chrominm. 1892, ii. 146. 
BLAIR, T. S., obituary notice of. 1898, il 325. 
BLAEB, J. F., book on metallurgy by. 1892, ii 554. 
BLAEE, W., on anthracite in Arizona. 1898, ii. 399. 

BLAEB, W. P., on association of apatite with beds of magnetite. 1892, i. 
282. 

on bauxite. 1894, ii. 306. 

on classification of hydrocarbons. 1890, i. 239. 

on Franklinite beds of New Jersey. 1894, ii. 287. 

on magnetic separation. 1892, ii. 338 ; 1894, i. 428. 

on roasting-furnace. 1898, ii. 331. 

BLAEBMORB, W., on coal-cutting machinery. 1896, ii. 331. 

on coal-mining. 1897, L 438. 

on endless-rope haulage. 1894, iL 353. 

on explosives and blasting. 1899, i. 346. 

BLANGHET'S system of pneumatic hoisting. 1890, ii. 713. 
BLAND, C., on a new coke oven. 1890, ii. 699. 
Blanzy collieries, coke ovens at. 1894, i. 466. 

compressed air at. 1894, i. 490. 

BLASS, B., on the determination of high temperatures. 1892, ii. 437. 
Blabt-fubnace accident 1900, i. 348. 

American charcoal. 1892, ii. 430. 

an old. 1890, i. 286. 

and coke-oven gases. 1899, i. 135. 

and the chemist. 1895, ii. 481. 

Ashland charcoal. 1890, s. v. 201. 

at Malaga. 1900, ii. 504. 

bear. 1898, i. 297. 

blowing in of a. 1892, ii. 429 ; 1897, i. 467. 

bosh and body. 1890, s. v. 267. 

burdens. 1900, i. 347. 



OINIRAL INDEX. 133 

Blabt-fubvaob, carbon bricks in. 1898, i. 291 ; 1896, L 405. 

caiting from. 1897, i. 467. 

charges. 1890, ii. 742 ; 1898, iL 442. 

charges, calcalation of. 1891, L.369 ; 1894, i. 533. 

charges, hanging of. 1898, ii. 432. 

charging apparatus. 1900, i. 348. 

chemical reactions in the. 1890, ii. 742. 

construction. 1890, ii. 744 ; 1892, i. 395 ; 1896, ii. 347 ; 1900, ii. 493. 

cylindrical charcoal. 1890, ii. 744. 

dost, ntilisation of. 1899, il 405. 

CTolntion of. 1899, i. 379 ; ii. 408. 

filling apparatus. 1899, ii. 400. 

first coke Continental. 1897, i. 468. 

gas, blowing engine worked by. 1900, i. 109. 

gas for motive power. 1898, i. 21, ii. 130. 

gas, purification of. 1890, ii. 753. 

gas, remoTing dost from. 1897, i. 459. 

gas, ntUisation of. 1896. ii. 471 ; 1896, i. 407 ; 1898, i. 436. U. 463 ; 

18M, ii. 401 ; 1900, ii. 496. 

gases. 1890, ii. 752 ; 1897, i. 467, ii. 384. 

gases, analyses of. 1890, ii. 857. 

gtaeSf collection of ammonia from. 1892, ii. 432. 

gases, experiments in. 1891, ii. 244. 

gases, recovery of ammonia from. 1891, ii. 245. 

gases, regenerating. 1898, ii. 432. 

gases, zinc and lead in. 1890, i. 288. 



- Girard, Ohio. 1891, i. 356. 

- hanging of charges in. 1892, i. 396 ; 1898, L 297. 

- hearths. 1890, s. v. 256. 

- hearths, metal jacketing for. 1892, i. 398. 

- history of. 1891, i. 350 ; 1894, iL 385. 

- hoists. 1890, 8. V. 256. 

- in America, the first iron. 1892, i. 398. 

- in Wisconsin. 1898, ii. 429. 

- industry of France. 1898, i. 449. 

- large charcoal. 1890, ii. 744. 

- lines. 1890, s. v. 256. 
-lining. 1890,1.287. 

- linings, destnxction of. 1892, i. 397. 

- linings, protection of. 1900, ii. 491. 

- Londonderry, Nova Scotia. 1892, ii. 428. 

- magnet for nse at the. 1890, ii. 751. 

- management 1898, ii. 467. 

- mang^ese in the. 1896, i. 400. 

- new Austrian. 1892, ii. 428. 

- new charcoal 1891, 1 854. 

- new English. 1900, ii. 490. 

- opening the tophole of. 1898, i. 298. 

- Oregon, Oswego. 1890, ii. 747. 

- out-tuma 1896, i. 409. 

> peculiar working of s. 1890, i. 280. 



194 QENERAL INDEX. 

Blabt-fubnaob, phosphoric chalk in the. 1900, ii. 605. 

phosphorus in the. 1888, i. 307. 

plant. 1897, i. 455. 

plant, American. 1893, ii. 43(X 

plant, equipment and design. 1892, i. 394. 

plant. Watts'. 1890, s. v. 343. 

practice. 1890, i. 279, ii. 742, s.v. 331 ; 1891, i. 355, ii. 233 ; 1892, i. 

399, ii. 423; 1893, i. 290, ii. 430; 1894, i. 521, ii. 382; 1895, i. 386, ii 
457 ; 1896, i. 390, ii. 347 ; 1897, i. 450. ii. 375 ; 1898, i. 431, ii. 458 ; 1899, 
i. 368, ii. 398 ; 1900, i. 345, ii. 490. 

preservation of the hearth and bosh walls of the. 1892, ii. 423. 

process, the effect of velocity and tension of gases on the. 1890, L 279. 

product. 1897, ii. 405. 

product, analysis of a. 1897, ii. 404. 

records. 1890, i. 284, 285, ii. 747 ; 1891, i. 358. 

relining. 1898, i. 290. 

repairing. 1890, ii. 752 ; 1898, ii. 428. 

scaffolds. 1896, ii. 349. 

selection of ores, limestones, and fuels for the. 1892, ii. 422. 

slag, analysis of. 1891, i. 445 ; 1898, ii. 589 ; 1894, ii. 498 ; 1897, 

i. 578. 

slag, composition of. 1892, i. 406. 

slag, heat of formation of. 1890, il 760. 

slag, utilisation of. 1890, i. 294 ; 1891, ii. 248 ; 1892, i. 409 ; 1900, 

i. 141. 
slag waggon. 1892, i. 403. 

slags. 1890, i. 294, ii. 760 ; 1891, i. 368, ii. 248 ; 1892, i. 406, ii. 438 ; 

1893, ii. 441 ; 1894, i. 533 ; 1894, ii. 393 ; 1895, i. 405, ii. 482 ; 1896, i. 

421, ii. 358 ; 1897, i. 480, ii. 405 ; 1898, i. 458, ii. 475 ; 1899, i. 385, ii., 410 ; 

1900, i. 358, ii. 506. 

small. 1890, ii. 748. 

statistics. 1898, i 542, ii. 567 ; 1899, ii. 495 ; 1900, i. 446. 

struck by lightning. 1899, ii. 406. 

titaniferous ores in the. 1893, i. 298. 

top. 1896, i. 389 ; 1897, ii. 385. 

tuyeres. 1892. i. 401 ; 1896, i. 405. 

unrednced ore passing through a. 1890, i. 282. 

use of carbon bricks in the. 1891, ii. 240. 



Blast-fubnaces, Belgian. 1890, ii. 863. 

bells for. 1891, i. 359 ; 1896, i. 405. 

Cambria. 1890, s. v. 235. 

capacity and form of. 1894, i. 78. 

charcoal. 1893, ii. 422. 

Cockerill Company's. 1891, ii. 236. 

coke bricks in. 1890, i. 287. 

Colebrooke. 1890, s. v. 234. 

cooling. 1893, i. 291. 

De Bardeleben. 1890, s. v. 332. 

Durham. 1890, i. 285. 

Edgar Thomson, 1890, s. v. 237. 

Ensley. 1890, s. v. 336. 

general notes on. 1890, s. v. 254. 




OSNSRAL INDEX. 135 

BLAST-ruBNAOBa, UUnolB steel Company's. 1890, s. v. 248. 

IlMde. 1890, iS. 873 ; 1891, L 350. 

Isabella. 1890, 8. y. 244. 

in America. 1890, ii. 18, 747, 882, s. y. 231, 331 ; 1891, L 473. 

in the United States, condition of. 1890, I 400 ; 1891, i 488, iL 856 ; 

1892, ii. 549 ; 1898, i. 442. 

in America, first. 1891, ii. 233. 

in Scotland. 1897, ii. 386. 

in Siegen district. 1891, ii. 235. 

in the United Kingdom. 1897, ii. 385. 

large coke, blowing in. 1891, ii. 233. 

lighting of. 1896, i. 404. 

loss of heat in. 1893, i. 292. 

Lncy. 1890, s. v. 247. 

Monongahela. 1890, ii. 745. 

New American. 1890, i. 287, ii. 746 ; 1891, ii. 238 ; 1892, i. 400, ii. 



430. 

— refractory masonry of. 1892, ii. 425. 

— remarks on Southern. 1890, s. y. 351. 

— Shelby. 1890, s. v. 389. 

— Sparrow's Point. 1890, s. y. 253. 

— summary and particulars of, in northern district. 1890, s. y. 348. 

— Talledega. 1890, s. y. 339. 

— tamping. 1900, ii. 491. 

— Thomas. 1890, s. y. 337. 

— Qse of carbon bricks in. 1891, ii. 240. 

— use of coke in. 1898, i. 294. 

— Woodward. 1890, s. y. 336. 



Blast, moisture in. 1890, i. 290. 

occurrence of metallic bismuth in. 1891, i. 368. 

sand, for cleaning castings. 1890, i. 303. 

Blasting. 1895, i. 357, ii. 438 ; 1896, i. 374, ii. 328 ; 1897, i. 420 ; 1899, L 
346 ; 1900, i. 329, ii. 472. 

and ezplosiyes. 1897, ii. 352 ; 1898, i. 410. 

breaking masses of iron by. 1890, ii. 801. 

cartridge. 1894, ii. 362. 

in coUieries. 1890, i. 269 ; 1894, i. 491. 

in collieries, accidents from. 1892, i. 358. 

electric. 1898, i. 204. 

limestone. 1890, i. 216. 

sliape of bore-holes for. 1892, i. 294. 

BLATCHLBY, W. S., on fireclay. 1897, i. 359. 

on petroleum in Indiana. 1898, ii. 422. 

BLAUEL, C, on German blast-furnace practice. 1895, ii. 457. 
BLAUVBLT, W. H., on coke ovens. 1896, ii. 314. 

on fuel gas. 1890, i. 243. 

on gas-producers. 1894, i. 478 ; 1895, i. 342. 

on Semet-Solyay ovens. 1898, i. 388 ; 1899, i. 880. 

BLBCHTNDBN, A., on transmission of heat through steel plates. 1893, ii. 

491. 
BLEGKBN, C, on the electric transmission of power. 1898, ii. 433. 



136 GENERAL INDEX. 

BLECELT, Hbnrt, obitaary notice of. 1890, i. 175. 
BLECELT, W. H., elected yice-president. 1894, i. 9. 

on action of metalloids on cast iron. 1898, ii. 220. 

on brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing. 1898, ii. 159. 

on development of the Swedish iron industry. 1898, ii. 82. 

on sand on pig iron. 1896, ii. 177. 

BLBCELY*S wire-rod mill. 1898, ii. 90. 

BLEICHER, M., on the microscopic strnctnre of oolitic iron ore. 1892, ii. 

823. 
BLEIGHSTBINER^ F., on burning fine coal. 1896, i. 389. 

on iron and steel industry of different countries. 1892, ii. 533. 

on iron castings. 1896, i. 426. 

on iron industry of Hungary. 1894, i. 626. 

BLEIER, O., on fire-damp detection. 1898, ii 448. 
Blende in lignite, occurrence of. 1895, L 325. 
BLENEINSOP, Geobob Hbnby, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 
BLEZINGER, A., on gas firing. 1894, i. 474. 
BLICE, J., on the ventilation of mines. 1896, ii. 334. 
BLOEMENDAL, A., on electricity in mines. 1900, i. 327. 

BLOMEEE, C, on the magnetic concentration of iron ores. 1898, ii. 379 ; 
1900, ii. 422. 

Bloom -SHEAB, hydraulic. 1890, ii. 768. 

BLOOMER, Clifford Edwabd, elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 

Blooming-mill, a new. 1890, ii. 769. 

for billets, at Middlesborough. 1890, s. v. 346. 

plant in Alabama, cost of. 1891, ii. 263. 

BLOOR, J., on electric mining signals. 1890, i. 270. 

Blossbuby coalfield, Pennsylvania. 1899, i. 315. 

BLOUNT, B., book on metallurgy by. 1896, i. 673. 

on determination of carbon. 1900, ii. 578. 

on estimation of sulphur. 1896, ii. 211. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1896, L 124. 

Blount Springs limestone quarries. 1892, iL 335. 

Blow, basic. 1896, i. 462. 

Blow-holes, formation of, in steel castings. 1892, i. 482. 

Bloweb, new form of. 1891, i. 359. 

Blowing-engines, 1898, ii. 437 ; 1894, i. 526 ; 1896, i. 408 ; 1898, ii. 465 ; 
1899, i. 373, ii. 400 ; 1900, i. 351, ii. 494. 

American. 1891, il 242. 

at blast-furnaces. 1890, s. v. 261. 

at Isabella furnaces. 1890, s. v. 244. 

at Illinois Steel Company's furnaces. 1890, s. v. 250. 

at Lucy furnaces. 1890, s. v. 247. 

at Newport ironworks. 1893, i. 303. 

automatic valve-gear. 1893, ii. 439. 

Cambria. 1890, s. v. 235. 

German and Austrian. 1893, i. 304, 333. 

North Lebanon. 1890, s. v. 232. 

Sparrow's Point. 1890, s. v. 253. 

vertical automatic cut off. 1891, i. 359. 

worked by blast-furnace gas. 1900, i. 109. 



GENEBAL INDEX. 137 

Blowiho in large ooke blast-farnaces. 1891, iL 233. 

in of a blast-f amace. 1892, ii. 429. 

maobinery. 1897, i. 465, ii. 384 ; 1898, i. 446. 

mill, new. 1891, i. 381. 

BLOXAM, A. G., book on metallurgy by. 1896, i. 678. 
BLOXHAM, C. E., book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 537. 
BLUE, A., book on mining by. 1892, ii. 555 ; 1898, ii. 563. 

invitation to visit Canada. 1890, ii. 12 

on mineral statistics of Canada. 1898, ii. 574. 

on natural gas in Ontario. 1893, i. 247. 

BLUM, E., on tube-making. 1900, ii. 537. 
BLUM, L.,on blast-furnace product. 1897, ii. 405. 

on determination of iron. 1900, ii. 582. 

on determination of lime. 1900, ii. 583. 

on determination of magnesia. 1890, i. 876. 

on the determination of manganese. 1890, i. 872 ; 1891, ii. 330. 

on determination of sulphur. 1890, ii. 856 ; 1892, ii. 515. 

on occurrence of vanadium in pig iron. 1900, ii. 505. 

BOABD of Trade Report on rails. 1900, ii. 557. 

BOBISCH, on fire-clay. 1900, i. 290. 

BOBRZTK, GuiLLERMO, obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 254. 

BOCK, on manufacture of tubes. 1899, i. 417. 

BOCK, A., on the magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1895, i. 457. 

BOCKH, J., book on mining by. 1899, ii. 531. 

BOCKMANN, F., book on mining by. 1895, i. 548. 

BODENBENDER, G., on coal in the Argentine Republic. 1896, i. 343. 

Body of furnace. 1890, s.v. 257. 

BOECKER, M., on hot-blast stoves. 1896, i. 407. 

on improved Cowper stoves. 1890, i. 290. 

on manufacture of pig iron in Germany. 1895, i. 396. 

BOECKER'S wire-rod miU. 1893, ii. 93. 

BOECKING, F., on ancient mines. 1895, ii. 387. 

BOEL, Loins, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

BOEL, Pol, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

BOERICKE, R., on coal- washing plant at Brookwood, Alabama. 1893, i. 287. 

BOFOBS Works. 1898, ii. 312. 

Bog and lake ores of the Three Rivers District, Quebec. 1898, ii. 312. 

Bog iron ore of Saxony. 1890, ii. 654. 

Boghead at Autun. 1894, ii. 316. 

mineral. 1890, ii. 695. 

Bohemia, Brandeisl-Kladno Colliery in. 1890, i. 249. 

brown coal in. 1895. ii.608 ; 1896, ii. 4(>2 ; 1897, ii. 517 ; 1898, ii. 571 ; 

1899, i. 477, u. 499 ; 1900, i. 451, ii. 433, 593. 

coalfields of. 1897, L 369. 

fireclay from. 1891, i. 274. 

ironworks in. 1899, ii. 498. 

lignite in. 1891, ii. 337. 

NatscbitB iron mines in. 1892, ii. 307. 



Bohemian coal deposits. 1898, ii. 341. 

coals. 1892, i.3n. 

BOHM, J., on colliery explosions. 1896, ii. 337. 



138 GENERAL INDEX. 

BOHMAN, Enut Otto Alfred, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 

Boiler material, testing. 1892, i. 475. 

Boiler-plate, largest. 1897, i. 513. 

steel for. 1890, ii. 839. 

tests of. 1896, i. 515 ; 1898, i. 515. 

Boiler-plates, 1890, ii. 839 ; 1898, i. 378 ; 1894, ii. 432 ; 1897, ii. 474. 

comparative value of. 1890, ii 839. 

pitting of. 1890, it 840. 

tests of old. 1895, i. 477. 

Boiler shell drill. 1891, i. 404. 

Boiler, steam, experiments. 1890, it 680. 

steel, fire box and, tests of. 1892, ii. 496. 

tabes, corrosion of. 1895, ii. 566. 

Boilers at blast-farnaces. 1890, s. v. 259. 

at Edgar Thomson Works. 1890, s. v. 302. 

steel for. 1890, i. 345 ; 1891, i. 408 ; 1895, i. 476. 

specifications for steel for. 1890, i. 346. 

Boiling-point of carbon. 1896, i. 326. 

BOIS, H. W. DU, on the determination of manganese. 1896, ii. 448. 

BOISSET, De, on compressed air at Blanzy Collieries. 1894, i. 490. 

BOISSIER, E., on colliery horses. 1897, i. 415. 

on horse haalage. 1895, ii. 434. 

BOIVIN, M., on metal jacketing for blast-farnace hearths. 1892, i. 398. 

BOLLAND, S., books on metallurgy by. 1892, i. 533; 1894, i. 649, ii 537 ; 
1895, ii. 632. 

on malleable iron castings. 1898, i. 349. 

on moulding. 1895, i. 408. 

BOLTON, H., on formation of coal scams. 1896, ii 305. 

on the Lancashire coalfield. 1898, ii. 393. 

on metamorphism of coal. 1895, ii. 402. 

BOLTON, R., on boring and drilling machines. 1892, i 453. 

BOLZE, H., on cupolas. 1897, i 484. 

on cupolas and their linings. 1894, i 533. 

BON, G. Le, on transmission of light by iron. 1896, i 493. 

on the transparency of iron. 1896, ii. 402. 

BOND, Edwin, elected member. 1895, ii. 6. 

BOND, F. W., on shipment of coaL 1894, ii 381. 

on underground haulage. 1896, i. 370. 

BOND, G., obituary notice of. 1896, i 283. 

BOND, Henry Coulson, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 

BONE, Arthur Frederick, elected member. 1894, i 2. 

BONEHILL, E.— 

Paper on "The direct puddling of iron." 1895, ii 43; description 
of new process, 43 ; comparison of old and new processes, 46 ; other ad- 
vantages, 47 ; quality of metal obtained, 47 ; average analyses, 48. — Dii- 
cussion: Sir B. Hinglev, 49; W. Farnworth, 49, 50; Daniel Jones, 
50 ; E. W. Harvev, 51 ; Nv. Roberts. 52 ; the Presid(^nt, 53 ; J. Kerr, 54 ; 
T. Turner (StafPoVd), 54; G. Beard, 55; J. Head, 56; E. Bonehill, 58.— 
CotTcspondcnce : H. Kirk, 58 ; V. Latinis, 59 ; H. Louis, 62 ; F. Sargent, 
♦;3 ; E. Bonehill, 61. 

on direct puddling of pig iron. 1895, i. 412. 

Bonehill three-high mili 1898, ii. 490. 



GENERAL INDEX. 139 

BONNEAU, H., book on metallargy bj. 1897, i. 627. 
B0N8ER, H., on exploslTes. 1895, i. 359 ; 1900, i. 380. 

on the recovery of by-products. 1897, ii. 326. 

BONVILLAIN, Philibebt, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

BOOKB'S gas-producer. 1890, i. 245. 

BOOT, J. T., on the average depth of coal mines. 1890, i. 246. 

BOOTH, Abthub, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

BOOTH, J. C, on the manufacture of graphite crucibles. 1890, i. 216. 

BOOTH, W. H., on blast-furnace gas. 1898, i. 42. 

on mine drainage. 1900. i. 332. 

B0RCHER8, W., book on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 366 ; 1896, i. 573 ; 1897, 
i. 627, ii. 550 ; 1899, ii. 531. 

on basic slag. 1897, ii. 440. 

on calcium carbide am a rccarburiser. 1895, ii. 523. 

on electric furnaces. 1897, ii. 445 ; 1898, i. 494. 

on electro-metallurgy. 1896, i. 484. 

on manufacture of ferro-chromium. 1900, ii. 569. 

Bordeaux, iron-smelting at. 1898, ii. 577. 
BORDEAUX, A., on iron ore in the Alps. 1898, ii. 358. 

on iron ore in Bosnia. 1895, ii. 363. 

Bobeholb, deepest. 1897, i. 407. 
Boreholes, the shape of, for blasting. 1892, i. 294. 
BORG, F., on determination of phosphorus. 1894, i. Gil. 
BORGS, H., on a new coke oven. 1893, ii. 3G0. 
Boring. 1894, i. 479, ii. 295. 

and milling tool. 1891, i. 404. 

at Apperknowle. 1896, i. 334. 

by the aid of ropes. 1892, i. 344. 

deep. 1896, i. 366 ; 1900, i. 282. 

deep, the cost of. 1890, i. 251. 

diamond. 1896, i. 21)5. 

diamond, at Newton Colliery. 1891, i. 318. 

for coal. 1895, ii. 429. 

for coal in Austria. 1894, ii. 347. 

for petroleum at Snkkur. 1895, ii. 425. 

for petroleum in North America. 1895, i. 335. 

horizont^. 1891, i. 404. 

in Upper Silesia. 1893, ii. 385. 

machine for tapping wastes. 1891, ii. 206 ; 1893, ii. 394. 

machine, throe-cylinder. 1890, i. 336. 

machine with emer>' crown. 1891, i. 318. 

machines. 1891, ii. 294 ; 1892, i. 452. ii. 468 ; 1893, i. 301, ii. 326. 

machines, hand. 1894, ii. 356 ; 1896, ii. 328. 

petroleum wells, cost of. 1891, i. 311. 

spring-pole. 1895, i. 295. 

through quicksands. 1892, i. 344. 

with power drills. 1891, i. 268. 

Borings, feeding, into cupolas. 1891, i. 372. 
BORK, on steel and iron for rolling stock. 1898, i. 380. 
BORMAN» K., on the determination of phosphorus. 1890, i. 369. 
Borneo, coal in. 1895, ii. 416 ; 1897, L 386. 



140 GENERAL INDEX. 

BOBNBO, petroleam in. 1900, i. 314. 
BORNBT, on rock driUs. 1895, ii. 438. 
BORNHARDT, A., book on mining by. 1890, i. 408. 
BORNTRAGBR, H., on determination of sUicon. 1900, ii. 576. 

on determination of tungsten. 1900, ii. 584. 

on separation of iron and alaminiam. 1898, ii. 539. 

Boron, inflaence of, on the critical points of iron and steel. 1890, i. 56. 

steel. 1896, i. 497. 

BORRIES, a. von, on firebox steel. 1897. i. 547. 

on steel castings. 1898, ii. 477. 

Bobbowdale gpraphite. 1890, ii. 737. 

BORSIG, A., on inflaence of aluminium on pig iron. 1894, i. 529. 
BOSCA Y 0A8AN0VBS, E., on meteorites. 1900, ii. 414. 
BOSB, P. N., on Darjeeling coal. 1891, i. 287. 

on iron ore in India. 1898, ii. 358. 

on iron ore in Tenasserim Valley. 1894, i. 413. 

on Tendau-Kamapying coalfield. 1894, i. 448. 

BOSH-PLATBS, new forms of. 1891, ii. 241. 
BoSH-WALLS of the blast-furnace, preservation of. 1892, ii. 428. 
Bosnia, coal-mining in. 1891, ii. 176 ; 1898, L 425, ii. 545 ; 1894^ i. 508 ; 1895, 
L 815 ; 1900, ii. 434. 

iron industry of. 1895, i. 523. 

iron ore in. 1891, ii. 176 ; 1895, ii. 363 ; 1900, ii. 404. 

ironworks in. 1890, ii. 745. 

mining industry of. 1892, i. 508. 

petroleum in. 1898, ii. 421. 

statistics of. 1893, u. 545 ; 1895, ii 608 ; 1896, ii. 461 ; 1897, ii. 520 ; 

1898, ii. 573 ; 1899, ii 500 ; 1900, ii 594. 
BOSS, C. M., book on mining by. 1894, i 649. 

the iron ore deposits of the Gk>gebic range. 1892, ii. 316. 

on iron ore mining in the Gogebic range. 1892, i 527. 

on iron ore of Lake Superior. 1897, ii. 278. 

Boston, risit to. 1890, s. v. 473. 

BOTT, Jambs, elected member. 1895, i 2. 

BOTTGHER, O., on determination of phosphoric acid in banc slag. 1897, ii. 

610. 

on phosphoric acid. 1897, i. 576. 

BOUCHER, G. G., on determination of sulphur. 1896, ii. 444. 

on possible new element. 1898, i. 528. 

BOUDENARD, O., book on metallurgy by. 1900, i. 493. 

on pyrometry. 1900, i. 292. 

BOULANGIER, on petroleum. 1896, i. 356. 

BOURNE, W. F., on testing the magnetic properties of iron. 1890, ii. 837. 

BOURRY, M., on Hoffmann's kiln adapted for annealing wire. 1890, ii. 804. 

BOUSFIELD, G. W., on electricity in mines. 1900, i. 827. 

BOUTONNET, G., on underground haulage. 1899, ii 872. 

BOVET, A., on electric pumping plants. 1892, ii. 406. 

BOWDEN, J. H., on hoisting water from mines. 1892, i. 363. 

on underground haulage. 1900, ii. 469. 

BOWEN, Alfbed, elected member. 1894, i 2. 
BOWEN, M. E., on rails. 1899, ii 471. 



OKNERAL INDEX. 141 

BOWXBSi J. , on winding engines. 1886, 1 848. 

BOWLEY, A. L., on the cost of labour. 1888, il 598. 

BowuNO Iron Company. 1886, i. 483. 

BOWRON, C. E., on coke-ovens. 1887, ii. 323. 

■ on electric transmission of power. 1884, ii. 355. 

on washing coal. 1887, ii. 869. 

on waste heat of coke-ovens. 1884, ii.'335. 

BOWRON, J., on American blast-furnace practice. 1898, ii. 46& 

BOWSER, Howard, obituarj notice of. 1888, ii. 292. 

BOTD, C. R., on coal in Middlesborough, Kentucky. 1880, L 233. 

on coal in Virginia. 1884, ii. 331 ; 1898, ii. 350. 

on iron ore at Middlesborough, Kentucky. 1890, L 196. 

on steel plant at Middlesborough, Kentucky. 1896, i. 446. 

BOYD. R. N., book on mining by. 1882, ii. 555 ; 1885, i. 549 ; 1886, i. 574. 

on deep boring for coal in Austria. 1884, ii. 347. 

on development of coal mining. 1894, i. 506. 

on the future use of liquid fueU 1894, ii. 340. 

on petroleum. 1896, ii. 422 ; 1896, i. 354. 

BOTBR, J. L., on the handling of pig iron. 1890, ii. 751. 
BOTLE, 8iB CouBTENAY, speech by. 1885, i. 259. 

toast by. 1800, i. 248. 

BOTLE, EDWARD, on rating of coal mines. 1899, i. 363. 

BOYLE, P. C, book on mining by. 1895, ii. 531. 

BRABANT, F., on the chemical reactions in the blast-furnace. 1880, ii. 742. 

BRACHT, W., on shaft-sinking. 1885, ii. 431. 

BRACKEBUSGH, L, on mining in Argentine Republic. 1883, il 316. 

BRACKENBURY, General Sir Henry, toast by. 1899, 1. 243. 

BRACKETT, E., on ventilation of collieries. 1899, i. 354. 

Brackley Colliery, Semet-Solvay coke-ovens at. 1888, ii. 290. 

BRADBURY and HIRSCH on agricultural value of sulphate of ammonia from 

blast furnaces. 1887, i. 292. 
BRADFORD, Hugh Mellor, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 
BRADLEY, C. 8., on utilisation of calcium carbide. 1900, ii. 569. 
BRADLEY, William Henry, elected member. 1885, ii. 6. 
BRADT, B. F., on electric haulage. 1886, ii. 289. 
BRADY, F., book on mining by. 1888, i. 450. 

on Kent coal 1897, i. 366. 

BRADY, J. A., on American foundry practice. 1886, i. 423. 

BRAIN, F., on shot firing, 1888, i. 265. 

BRAITHWAITE, I., on the reduction of iron oxides by carbonic oxide. 1886, 

i. 528. 
BRAKENHJELM, Arthur, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

obituary notice of. 1886, i. 284. 

BRAMWELL, Sir F., on electric welding. 1880, i. 330. 
BRAMWELL, H., on coal consumption at collieries. 1899, i. 358. 

on coal dust. 1885, ii. 449. 

on winding appliances. 1897, i. 411 ; 1888, ii. 431. 

BRAND, A^ book on metallurgy by. 1895, i. 547. 
Bbandbibl-Kladno Colliery in Bohemia. 1880, i. 249. 
BRANNER, J. C, book on mining by. 1892, ii. 555. 
on bauxite deposits. 1888, i. 366. 



142 GENERAL INDEX. 

BRANNER, J. C, on bauxite from Arkansas. 1891, i. 275. 

on oil shale in Brazil. 1900, ii. 457. 

on manganese ore in Brazil. 1900, i. 282. 

BRANNON, W. H., on pig iron. 1897. i. 480. 
BRANNT, W. T., book on mining by. 1895, i. 549. 
BRARD, F., on coal in Tonkin. 1897, i. 386. 
BRASSET, T. A., on armour-plate trials. 1899, i. 449. 
BRASSINGTON, J., on rolling-mills. 1896, ii. 871. 
BRATHUHN, O., book on mining by. 1892, ii. 565 ; 1895, i. 549. 

on mine surveying. 1898, ii. 451 ; 1900, i. 340, ii. 482. 

BRATT, A. H. H., elected member. 1898, i. 1. 

obituary notice of. 1898, i. 313. 

BRATT, Ernst Morbis, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 
BRAUBACH, G., on pyrometry. 1896, i. 331, ii. 297. 
BRAUN, E., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 600. 

on underground haulage. 1900, i. 326. 

BRAUN, M., on a modification of Siemens* pyrometer. 1892, ii. 349. 
BRAUNE, F., on hot-blast stoves. 1898, ii. 463. * 
BRAUNE, H., on gas producers. 1900, i. 319. 

on open-hearth plant. 1895, ii. 511. 

on open-hearth valves. 1895, ii. 505. 

BRAUNMUHL, von, on ventilation of collieries. 1899, i. 354. 
Brazil, Catalan forges in. 1899, i. 393. 

coal in, 1891, i. 299 ; 1894, L 451 ; 1895, i. 321 ; 1896, i. 348. 

iron industry of. 1894, ii. 291. 

oil shale in. 1891, i. 360 ; 1900, ii. 457. 

magnetic iron ore in. 1895, i. 286. 

magnetite ore districts in. 1891, ii. 148. 

manganese ore in. 1897, ii. 283 ; 1899, i. 293, ii. 322 ; 1900, i. 179, 282. 

mineral wealth of. 1892, i. 508. 

old ironworks in. 1899, i. 382. 

Breakage of rails. 1892, i. 472, ii. 497. 

of winding ropes in Saxon mines. 1892, i. 291. 

Breaking-down appliances. 1897, ii. 355 ; 1898, i. 409. 

Breaking pig iron. 1894, ii. 388. 

Breakwater at Bilbao. 1896, ii. H). 

BREARLET, H., on a bibliography of steelworks analysis. 1900, ii. 672. 

on determination of carbon. 1900, ii. 574. 

on determination of carbon and ferro-chrome. 1897, ii. 497. 

on determination of manganese. 1897, ii. 498 ; 1899, i. 465. 

on determination of molybdenum. 1900, ii. 582. 

on determination of nickel. 1897, i. 572 ; 1900, ii. 581. 

on determination of phosphorus, 1900, ii. 575. 

Breathing apparatus, safety. 1898, i. 425. 

BRECKENRIDGE, Professor, on pressure used in drilling cast iron. 1890, 

. ii. 2:V.). 
BR^DA, Louis, elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 
Breeze, coke, as fuel. 1891, ii. 191. 
Buegenz, tertiary coal deposits near. 1896, ii. 2l>9. 
BREGOWSKY, J. M., on determination of carbon. 1900, i. 432. 
BREITHAUPT, W., on mine surveying. 1900, ii. 482. 



GENERAL INDEX. 143 

BBKinffE, F. G. T., on blast-furnaces. 1897, i. 470. 

on iron in Silesia. 1897, i. 492. 

on iron ores of Upper Silesia. 1896, ii. 273. 

on Silesian coalfields. 1897, i. 371. 

on Silesian steelworks. 1897, i. 506. 

BRENNER, A., on chromiom determination. 1897, i. 570. 

BRENNER, H., on removal of firedamp. 1890, i. 262. 

BRBSLAUER, E., book on metallurgy by. 1898, i. 449. 

BRESSAR, G., on the mannfacture of pig iron in Luxemburg and the Rhine 
provinces. 1892, ii. 426. 

BRESSON, G., on iron trade of Germany. 1895, i. 532. 

Breteuil, kaolin from. 1890, ii. 735. 

BRETHERTON, S. E., on hot-blast. 1900, i. 351. 

BRETON, L.. on coal in North France and South England. 1898, ii. 341. 

on coal measures of Southern England. 1894, ii. 313. 

BRETTMAN, on mild steel for fire-boxes. 1897. ii. 476. 

BREWER, W. M., on bauxite. 1898, ii. 334 ; 1896, ii. 293 ; 1897, i. 360 ; 1898, 
ii. 386. 

on brown coal in Alabama. 1898, i. 191. 

on coal-cutting. 1897, i. 425. 

on coal in Alabama. 1898, ii. 353. 

on coal-mining in Alabama. 1897, ii. 366. 

on coke-oven by-products. 1897, i. 392. 

on iron ore in Alabama. 1897, i. 340. 

on iron ore in Canada. 1900, ii. 411. 

on iron ore of the United States. 1896, ii. 274 ; 1897, ii. 276. 

on manganese ore. 1897, i. 349. 

on manganese ore in the United States. 1897, ii. 282. 

on pig iron in the Southern United States. 1897, ii. 394. 

BREZINA, A., on meteoric iron. 1890, ii. 665. 

BRIART, A., obituary notice of. 1898, i. 313. 

on Hainaut coal basin. 1894, ii. 316. 

Paper on **The mining industry of Belgium," 1894, ii. 11; history, 
11 ; geological sketch, 13 ; the Belgian coalfield and the clas^ification of 
coal, 16 ; geological irregularities, 18 ; overlying of barren strata, 20 
improvements in the working of mines, 1 894, 22 ; sinking shafts, 23 
working at great depths, 26 ; introduction of machinery in the mines, 28 
machinery for underground drainage, 29 ; electricity, 30 ; the treatment 
of coke, 31 ; fire-damp and ventilation, SI.— Discuision: Sir L. Bell, 36 
H. Bauerman, 36. 

BRIART, E., on pumping appliances. 1897, ii. 356. 

on shaft-sinking. 1899, i. 336. 

on underground haulage. 1898, i. 405. 

Bbick, chequer, the Stephenson and York. 1892, ii. 345. 

Brick-kilns, the Di^ener-Janitz. 1896, i. 324. 

Brick-makino machine. 1891, I 277. 

Bbick press, basic. 1892, i. 307. 

BRICKA, M., on steel rails. 1900, ii. 561. 

Bricks, carbon. 1898, ii. 434. 

coke, in blast-furnaces. 1890, i. 287. 

magnesia, in the blast-furnace. 1892, i. 307. 

magnesia, manufacture of. 1892, ii. 345. 



144 GENERAL INDEX. 

Bbicks, Blag. 1898, ii. 441 ; 1896, i. 421. 

Bbiokwobk, arrangement of, in hot-blast stoves. 1890, iL 764. 

Bbidob at Portngalete. 1896, ii. 73. 

Cemavoda. 1890, ii. 815. 

conBtmction, basic Bessemer metal for. 1900, ii. 555. 

construction, use of steel in. 1892, i. 475. 

pins, steel for. 1897, i. 540. 

steel. 1900, i. 416 ; 1891, i. 422. 

Bridges, American steeL 1897, i. 515. 

early steeL 1894, i 567. 

ingot iron for. 1890, L 344. 

ingot metal. 1890, il 814. 

oldest iron. 1897, i. 515. 

SteeL 1898, i 498. 

steel, action of rhythmical shocks on. 1898, ii. 505. 

ose of ingot iron for. 1891, il 315. 

BRIDGES, S. J., on timbering in mines. 1900, ii. 472. 

BRIDGET, W., on coal -screening plant. 1892, ii. 419. 

BRIDGMAN, H. L., on the sampling of iron ores. 1892, L 299. 

BRIE, J. E., on steel for bridges. 1900, ii. 556. 

BRILLOUIN, on the theory of deformation of metals. 1899, ii. 457. 

BRINDLE7, H. S. B., elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 

BRINELL, J. A., elected member. 1897, i. 1. 

researches of. 1899, ii. 212. 

on tar as fuel. 1890, i. 238. 

Briquette factories, explosions of brown coal in. 1891, ii 185. 

fuel. 1894, ii. 378. 

fuel, manufacture of. 1896, i. 387. 

manufacture in France. 1890, ii. 696. 

plant. 1893, ii. 419 ; 1896, ii. 456. 

plant for Asia Mmor. 1892, i. 391. 

Briquettes. 1897, ii. 374 ; 1899, i. 367. 

brown coal in Victoria. 1898, it 419. 

charcoal. 1894, ii. 333. 

manufacture of. 1891, i. 299 ; 1892, ii. 420 ; 1898, i. 289 ; 1894, L 516. 

spontaneous combustion of. 1898, i. 430. 

trade in. 1894, i. 648. 

Briqubtting iron ore and flue dust. 1898, ii. 380. 
BRISAC, E., book on metallurgy by. 1891, iL 367. 
BRISTOL, L., on an electrical safety-lamp. 1890, i. 267. 
Britannia Works. 1899, iL 285. 
British and American railways compared. 1890, s. v. 53-64. 

Columbia, coal in. 1890, L 225 ; 1892, ii. 356 ; 1896, iL 465 ; 1899, 

ii. 346 ; 1900, i. 298. 

Columbia, coal-mining in. 1891, i. 284. 

Columbia, iron ore in. 1891, ii. 143 ; 1899, ii. 319. 

Columbia, occurrence of magnetite in. 1898, i. 343. 

Columbia, so-called cannel coal of. 1893, i. 225. 

Empire, petroleum sources of the. 1898, i. 390. 



BRITTAIN, Harry Ernest, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 
Brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing. 1898, ii. 137. 



GENERAL INDEX. 145 

BBOADWAT, B. J., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

BROCK, A., obituary notice of. 1896, i. 284. 

BROCKBANK, W., obituary notice of. 1896, ii. 257. 

BROGGER, W. C, on iron ores of Norway and Sweden. 1895, ii. 367. 

BROJA, R., book on mining by. 1895, i. 548. 

on coal-cutting machinery. 1894, ii. 363. 

BROMS, GUSTAF Emil, elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 

BROMS, Otto, elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 

BROOCKMANN, K., on occluded gases in coal. 1899, ii. 341. 

Brooklyn Navy Yard. 1890, s. v. 403. 

BROOKMANN, Dr., on the coalfield of Rhenish Westphalia. 1891, ii. 175. 

on the composition of fuels. 1891, ii. 109. 

HKOOKS, A. H., on iron ore in New Jersey. 1897, i. 342. 

BROOKS, J. C, on automcitic valve-gear for blowing-engines. 1898, ii. 439. 

BROOKS, S. H., elect<>d member. 1898, ii. 5. 

BROOKSBANK, F. C, on cleaning castings. 1896, i. 429. 

Brook WOOD coal -washing plant. 1898, i. 287. 

BROPHY, Michael M., elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 

BROTHERTON, E. A., on agricultural value of sulphate of ammonia from 
blast-fnrnaces. 1897, i. 2i»3. 

BROUGH, Bennktt H., appointed representative of Institute. 1898, i. 11. 

api>ointed secretary. 1893, i. 8. 

book on mining bv. 1891, i. 4«4 ; 1892, ii. 555 ; 1894, i. 649 ; 1896, i. 

571 ; 1897, ii. 551 ; 1*899, i. 507 : 1900, ii. 631. 

Report on the International Testing Congress at Stockholm. 1897, 
ii. p. 351. 

Report on "The Jubilee of the Austrian Society of Engineers," 1899, 
i. 253 ; proceedings in the Vienna Town Hall, 253 ; ])apers read, 254 : 
review of progress of mining and metallurgy in Austria, 254 ; memorial 
volume, 257 ; history of the Society, 257. 

juror at Paris Exhibition. 1900, ii. 357. 

on Brinell's researches. 1899, ii. 213. 

on coal in India. 1898, ii. 31W. 

on deep boring. 1900, ii. 462. 

on development of the world's iron trade. 1897, ii. 547. 

on exploring for iron ore. 1900, i. 2S2. 

on fire-damp in iron ore mines. 1899, ii. 331. 

on genesis of ore deposits. 1900, ii. 402. 

on history of coal-mining. 1899, i. 361. 

on inconvenience of the safety-lamp. 1892, ii. 409. 

on iron trade statistics of Sweden, 1898, ii. SIU. 

on large forgings. 1899, ii. 420. 

on mine levelling. 1897, i. 431. 

on mine shafts. 1897, ii. 288. 

on mine surveying. 1896, i. 384 ; 1899, i. 362, 507. 

on mining at great depths. 1897, i. 407. 

on occurrence of fire-damp in iron ore mines. 1899, i. ;^01, 

on oldest association of ironmasters. 1900, ii. 619. 

on phosphoric magnetite. 1898, i. 362. 

on scarcity of coal. 1900, i. 447. 

on ase of cement in shaft sinking. 1893, i. 262. 

on utilisation of blast-fnmace slag. 1890, i. 296. 

K 



146 6ENEBAL INDEX. 

BROUGH, B. H., on wire ropeways. 1897, ii. 293. 

on world's production of iron ore. 1900, ii. 625. 

on world's railways. 1897, ii. 649. 

BROUGHTON, Frederick Lennox, elected member. 1895, ii. 6. 

BROVOT, A., on regulating the duration of the afterblow. 1896, i. 459. 

on tensile tests of basic Bessemer metal. 1896, i. 513. 

BROWN, A., book on mining by. 1898, i. 584. 

on the condition of iron and steel industries of the United States, 

1899, ii. 524. 

BROWN, A. G., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

BROWN, C. Orde, on manufacture and efficiency of armour-plates. 1893, ii. 
518. 

BROWN, D., on venting moulds. 1896, i. 428. 

BROWN, D. H., on iron nickel alloy. 1898, i. 396. 

BROWN, K., on pyrometry. 1899, ii. 340. 

on ventilating appliances. 1893, ii. 407. 

BROWN, B. F., on mining ore bodies of uniform grade. 1898, ii. 374. 

BROWN, F., on blast-furnace charging apparatus. 1900, i. 348. 

BROWN, F. M., on draining dip workings. 1893, i. 272. 

BROWN, H. P., on the corrosion of iron. 1899, ii. 473. 

BROWN, H. Walter, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 

BROWN, H. Y. L., book on mining by. 1891, i. 484. 

BROWN, Sir J., on armour-plate. 1897, i. 518. 

BROWN, J., on underground haulage. 1897. ii. 346. 

BROWN, M., book on mining by. 1899, ii. 531. 

BROWN, M. W., on colliery ventilation. 1890, i. 264. 

on devices for preventing overwinding. 1898, i. 253. 

on experiments with explosives. 1891, i. 322. 

on loading coal. 1898, i. 288. 

on Bieler spirit-lamp as a fire-damp indicator. 1890, i. 267. 

on ventilating appliances. 1892, ii. 407. 

on Waddle fan. 1891, i. 334. 

BROWN, O., on corrosion of iron. 1894, i. 598. 

BROWN, Peter Boswbll, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 

BROWN, R.. on welding chrome steel. 1896, i. 472. 

BROWN, R. G., on electricity in mining. 1896. ii. 327. 

on strength of ladders. 1897, ii. 291. 

BROWN, R. H., on pumping appliances. 1896, ii. 333. 

on shaft sinking. 1894, i. 480. 

BROWN, S. B., on the coal-measures of Monongalia, West Virginia. 1892, 

ii. 365. 
BROWN, T. FORSTER, on application of travelling belts to the shipment of 

coal. 1897, ii. 13, 14. 

on coal cutting. 1898, ii. 435. 

on coal question. 1898, ii, 406. 

on coal question of the United Kingdom. 1899, i. 473. 

on coal supply. 1900, ii. 590. 

on duration of British coalfields. 1892, i. 501. 

BROWN, T. Swappield, on ornamental ironwork. 1899, ii. 448. 
BROWN, W., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1899, ii. 455. 
BROWN, W. F., on the Transvaal coalfield. 1897, i. 381. 



GENERAL INDEX. 147 

BBOWN, W. H., on rolliDg rails. 1900, ii. r>18. 
BROWN, W. L., book on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 890. 
BROWN, Wm. Patebson, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 
BROWN, MARSHALLS, & Co., Limited. 1895, ii. 332. 
Bbown coal, analysis of. 1897, i. 369. 

coal at Seftenberg. 1895, i. 317. 

coal briquettes in Victoria. 1898, ii. 41 1>. 

coal, coke oven for. 1896, it 314. 

coal, coking of. 1894, i. 463. 

coal deposits in Bavaria. 1896, i. 338. 

coal deposits in Hanover. 1896, i. 336. 

coal in Bohemia. 1896, ii. 462 ; 1900, i. 451, ii. 433, 5l»3. 

coal in CJologne district. 1900, ii. 437. 

r coal in Germany. 1895, ii. 407 ; 1899, ii. 315. 

coal in Hungary, coking. 1898, i. 389. 

coal in North Hungary. 1894, i. 441. 

coal industry of Rhine district. 1900, i. 464. 

coal-mines in Hungary. 1897, i. 375. 

coal, mining thick seams of. 1896, i. 376. 

coal production in Bohemia. 1895, ii. 608. 

coal production in Germany. 1897, ii. 524. 

coal tar industry. 1900, i. 317. 

haematite. 1898, i. 351. 

iron ore. 1890, s. v. HO. ^ 

iron ore in the Southern United States. 1891, ii. 145. 

oolitic ores, value of. 1890, s. v. 1 16. 

ores of the United Kingdom. 1890, s. v. 114. 

Bbown crane. 1899, i. 401. 

BROWNE, D. H., on nickel iron alloys. 1895, ii. 584 ; 1896, ii. 417. 

on nickel steel. 1900, i. 411. 

BROWNE, F., on Japanese coal. 1896, ii. 304. 

on tests of armour-plate. 1894, i. 588 ; 1895, i. 484 ; 1896, ii. 

419. 
BRUCE, William Duff, obituary notice of. 1900, i. 251. 

vote of tlianks by. 1894, ii. 210. 

BRULL, A., on the Donetz coalfield. 1892, ii. 354. 
BRtTLL, J., on determination of manganese. 1896. ii. 442 ; 1897, ii. 497. 
BRULL^, R., on determination of sulphur in coal. 1890, i. 376. 
BRUMELL, H. P., on manganese ore in Canada. 1892, ii. 331. 

on mineral production of Canada. 1894, i. 631. 

on natural gas in Canada. 1894, i. 472. . 

on occurrence of petroleum in Quebec. 1893, i. 244. 

BRUNCK, F., on a new form of coke-oven. 1894, ii. 338. 

on modern coke-ovens. 1895, ii. 422. 

BRUNCK, O., book on mining by. 1900, i. 494. 

on an electrolytic laboratory. 1900, i. 431. 

BRUNCK, R., on the Brunck coke-oven. 1895, i. 332. 

on by-product coke ovens. 1900, ii. 448. 

BRUNLEES, Sib James, obituary notice of. 1892, ii. 298. 
Bbunbwick, petroleum in. 1895, i. 334. 
BRUNTON, D. W., on sampling ores. 1896, i. 318. 



148 GENERAL INDEX. 

BRUNTON, J. D., on mild open-hearth steel for casting. 1898, i. 323. 

on wire mannfactnre. 1900, i. 392. 

Brussels Exhibition, coal-mining at the. 1898, i. 427. 

Local Committee. 1894, ii. 239. 

Meeting, visits and excnrsionR. 1894, ii. 339. 

BRUSTLEIN, H. A., book on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 366. 

on ferro-chrome. 1890, i. 365. 

on the determination of chromiam. 1896, ii. 446. 

BRUTN, C. A. LOBRY de, on the flashing-point of petroleum. 1896, ii. 

316. 
BRYANT, A. P., on bitumen from Montana. 1894, il 343. 
BRYANT, E. M., on thermal condition of iron and steel. 1898, ii. 629. 
BRYANT. G. H., on forging of steel shafts. 1898, ii. 488. 
BRYANT, L. E., on Tennessee State convict mine. 1894, ii. 374. 
Bryant wire-nail machine. 1890, ii. 805. 
Bbyncoch, coal at. 1898, i. 220. 
Brzbsko, iron ore from. 1894, ii. 277. 
BUBERL, J., book on metallurgy by. 1898, i. 449. 
BTJCH, J., on the replacement of rolls by presses. 1896, i. 437. 
BUCHER, A., on the prevention of rust. 1891, ii. 319. 
BUCHNER. G., book on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 486. 
BUCHRUGKER, A., on the iron ore deposits of South-west Vogtland. 1892, 

i. 267. 

on manganese ore of the Eastern Hunsrlick. 1891, ii. 157. 

BUCK, C, on electric transmission of power. 1898, i. 408. 

BUCK, C. R., on electricity in mines. 1899, ii. 373. 

BiJCKBEBO collieries. 1896, 1 338. 

BUCKING, Pbofessob, on coal in Alsace. 1897, ii. 313. 

BUCKLEY, Jambs, obituary notice of. 1895, ii. 350. 

BUCKLEY, John, on methods of case hardening. 1900, i. 391. 

BUDGETT, H. B., on petroleum engines. 1891, i. 330. 

BUDWEis, anthracite deposits of. 1895, i. 314. 

BUESCHE, W. E., on utilisation of blast-furnace slag. 1900, i. 147. 

BUHLE, M., on handling iron ore. 1900, ii. 420. 

BUHLER, F. A., on charcoal making. 1900, i. 303. 

BUHRBANCK, on deep boring. 1896, i. 366. 

Building materials, iron and steel considered as. 1891, i. 408. 

BuKOWiNA, iron and manganese ores in. 1896, ii. 281. 

petroleum in. 1899, i. 332. 

Buloabia, coalfields of. 1897, i. 370. 

iron ore in. 1893, ii« 304. 

Bulgabian coal. 1893, ii. 345. 

BULKLEY, J. N., on electric locomotives. 1898, i. 407. 

BULMAN. H. F., book on mining by. 1896, ii. 487. 

on coal in Canada. 1899, ii. 346. 

on coal in New Zealand. 1899, ii. 347. 

on colonial collieries. 1899. ii. 388 ; 1900, i. 341, ii. 484. 

on draining dip-workings. 1893, i. 271. 

on underground haulaj^e. 1897, ii. 340. 

on wire ropes. 1896, ii. 322. 

BUNNELL, S. H., on mine pumps. 1899, i. 351. 



GENERAL INDEX. ^ 149 

BUNTB, H., on Bohemian coals. 1892» i. 311. 

on the calorific yalue of coal. 1898, i. 217. 

on calorimetry of coal. 1891, ii. 168. 

on composition of coal gas. 1898, i. 249. 

BURCHALL, J. T., on electric coal-cutting machinery. 1893, ii. 396. 
BURDELL'S gas producer. 1890, ii. 706. 
BURDY, P., on blowing-engines. 1894, i. 627. 

on compressed air at Blanzy collieries. 1894, i. 490. 

BURGERS, F., on a new form of blast-furnace construction. 1900, ii. 498. 

on coke bricks in blast-furnaces. 1890, i. 287. 

BURGMANN, A., book on mining by. 1897, i. 628. 
BURIN, H., book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 537. 
BUBMA, coal hi. 1890, ii. 688 ; 1891, i. 290 ; 1892, ii. .360. 

Lower, coal in the Great Tenasserim River. 1892, ii. 359. 

petroleum in. 1894, ii. 342 ; 1898, i. 396 ; 1900, i. 314. 

BURNELL, Nicholas Stewabt. 1895, ii. 6. 

BURNHAM, G., on spirally- welded pipes. 1891, ii. 289. 

BURNIE, R. W., book on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 366. 

Burning finely divided coal. 1895, ii. 455 ; 1896, i. 388 ; 1897, ii. 370. 

BURNS-LINDON, J. L., obituary notice of. 1893, iL 290. 

BUBNT steeL 1895, ii. 563. 

BURR, W. H., on tests of iron columns. 1898, ii. 538. 

BURRELL, H., on the extinction of fire in mines. 1899, ii. 383. 

BURROW, J. C, book on mining by. 1894, i. 649. 

BURT, A., on working coal in Fifeshire. 1898, i. 418. 

BURT, Geobge, elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 

BUSCHTEURAD, coal deposit, the. 1892, ii. 353. 

BUSE, on fuses. 1897, i. 423. 

BUSEMANN, M., on exports and imports of Chili. 1896, i. 552. 

on Southern Ural mining industry. 1899, ii. 519. 

BUSER, J., on ash in steam-coal. 1895, i. 313. 

on shipment of coal. 1895, i. 384. 

BUSH, S. P., on cast-iron wheels. 1898, ii. 540. 

BUSH, T. G., on pig iron in the Southern United States. 1897, ii. 394. 

BuSTif seam, peculiar fault in. 1895, ii. 406. 

Bute Docks. 1897, ii. 236. 

Shipbuilding, Engineering, and Dry Dock Company, Limited. 1897, 



ii. 246. 

BUTLER, B. H., on petroleum at Baku. 1896, i. 356. 
BUTLER, Hugh Myddleton, elected member. 1895, i. ± 
BUTLIK, Frederick James, elected member. 1898. i. 2. 
BUTLIN, William, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 809. 
BUTLIN, W. H., on castings. 1897, i. 467. 
BUTTER, H. J., appointed scrutineer. 1894, i. 1 ; 1895, i. 1. 
BUTTERS, C. on coal in South Africa. 1897, ii. 318. 
BCTTGENBACH, F., book on mining by. 1898, i. 5X4. 

on a new coal district. 1892, i. 323. 

on blast-famacc construction. 1896, ii. 347. 

on blast-furnace tuyeres. 1896, i. 405. 

on coal in Holland. 1900, i. 296. 

on coal-mining in Holland. 1894, ii. 372. 



150 GENERAL INDEX. 

BtyXTGENBACH, F., on coke blast-furnace. 1897, i. 468. 

on cooling appliances. 1896, i. 405. 

on dry assay of iron ores. 1896, i. 538. 

on history of coal-mining. 1895, i. 378 ; 1898, ii. 450 ; 1899, ii. 386, 

387. 

on lightning in a blast-furnace. 1895, ii. 461. 

on manganese in the blast-furnace. 1896, i. 401. 

on rapid atialysis of iron ores. 1895, ii. 699. 

on use of dolomite in blast-furnace practice. 1895, ii. 471. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace slag. 1895, ii. 482. 



BYA, HuBBBT, on moulding. 1899, i. 393. 

on Trignac steelworks. 1899, i. 412. 

By-product coke-ovens. 1899, ii. 852 ; 1900, i. 304, ii. 445. 
By-pboduots, collection of. 1898, ii. 362. 

from blast-furnace. 1897, i. 458. 

from producer gas, recovery of. 1895, i. 344. 

of charcoal making. 1900, i. 303. 

of coking. 1897, ii. 325. 

recovery of. 1894, ii. 336 ; 1896, ii. 310 ; 1898, i. 445. 

utilisation of, from coke-ovens. 1892, ii. 376. 



0. 



Cabarga mines. 1896, ii. 91, 228. 

Cable-makino, improvements in. 1893, ii. 482. 

Cables, charcoal iron for chain. 1896, i. 512. 

CABOT, G. L., on ignition of natural gas. 1893, i. 247. 

CABOT, J. W., on sulphur in Bessemer steel. 1891, i. 429. 

CABRERA, R., on iron ore in Cuba. 1898, ii. 363. 

CADELL, H. M., on coal districts of Pennsylvania. 1892, ii. 365. 

on Indian collieries. 1900, ii. 484. 

on petroleum in Pennsylvania. 1895« i. 336. 

on submarine coal-mining. 1898, i. 416. 

CADMAN, J., on rearer workings. 1898, i. 416. 
CADMAN, James Cope, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 
CADY, H. P., on the determination of iron. 1897, ii. 50«. 
Cage conductors in shafts. 1894, ii. 352. 

props. 1890, ii. 715. 

safety, for mines. 1891, ii. 212 ; 1892, ii. 395. 

winding engine and, communication between. 1891, ii. 212. 

Cages, colliery. 1896, ii. 323. 

electric signalling for. 1891, i. 328. 

electrical safety apparatus for. 1892, i. 348. 

Caging arrangements in the Anzin collieries. 1894, ii. 352. 
CAILLOT, M., on steam elevators at the Commentrv collieries. 1891, ii. 
729. 

on testing machines. 1892, i. 469. 

CAIN, J., on working coal. 1898, i. 419, ii. 440. 



GENERAL INDEX. 151 

CAIRNS, A^ on malleable iron cantings. 1898, ii. 517. 

Calaf coalfield. 1891, ii. 176. 

Calcination of iron ore. 1890. i. 213, ii. 677 ; 1891, ii. 163 ; 1892, i. 306, ii. 
341 ; 1893, ii. 330; 1894, i. 428 ; 1895, ii. 391 ; 1896, i. 316 ; 1897, i. 356 ; 
1899, ii. 334. 

of ore at Bilbao. 1896, ii. 49. 

Calcium and magnesinm in pig iron. 1892, ii. 43K. 

carbide as a recarburiser. 1895, ii. 523. 

carbide, utilisation of. 1900. ii. 569. 

Calculation of bla»t-furnace charges. 1891, i. 369 ; 1898, ii. 442 ; 1894, i. 
533. 

of slag constituents, graphic. 1892, i. 409. 

of slags. 1892, ii. 438 ; 1896, ii. 358. 

CALDERWOOD, W.. on Brazilian coal. 1894, i. 451. 

CALDWELL, F. C, on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1899, 1. 421, 
U. 454. 

CALDWELL. G., on cannel coal. 1893. i. 220. 

on sinking shafts. 1897, ii. 340. 

CALDWELL, Peter, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

on gas analysis in ironworks. 1893, i. 421. 

CALHOUN, T., on coal loading. 1896. ii. 345. 

on Thomas collieries, Tennessee. 1894, i. 4H4. 

CALIFF, J. M., on armoar-plate trials. 1892, i. 481. 

California, asphalt in. 1897, i. 402 ; 1900, ii. 457. 

bitumen in. 1894, ii. 343. 

chrome iron ore in. 1891, ii. 154 ; 1892, ii. 329 ; 1894, ii. 288 ; 1897. i. 

349. 

coal in. 1894, i. 449, ii. 328 ; 1896, i. 824 ; 1896, ii. 303 ; 1897, i. 383. 

iron ore in. 1891, ii. 144 ; 1894, i. 414 ; 1895, i. 281 ; 1897, i. 341. 

mineral statistics of. 1897, ii. 543. 

natural gas in. 1895, i. 339 ; 1897, i. 404. 

petroleum in. 1898, i. 244 ; 1895, i. 336 ; 1896, ii. 316 ; 1897, i. 401 ; 



1898, \l 421 ; 1900, i. 312. 

CALLAGHAN, B., on coal-cutting machinery. 1896, ii. 331. 

on mine stoppings. 1896, i. 377. 

CALLENDAR, H. L. :— 

Paper on "Platinum pyrometers," 1892, i. 164; theory of the 
air thermometer, 164 ; difliculty in its use, 165 ; Wiborgh's air pyro- 
meter, 166 ; the author's form of air pyrometer, 167 ; the electrical 
resistance pyrometer, 167 ; the platinum pyrometer, 168 ; the Siemens 
pyrometer, 169; copper or silver leads, 170; measurement of resistance, 
171 ; differential galvanometer, 172 ; the bridge wire or "null" method, 
173 ; deflections, 174 ; description of diagram, 175 ; advantages, 176 ; 
conclusion, 177. — JJiscitsnion : Sir Lowthian Bell, 181 ; H. L. Callendar, 
181; the President, 182. 

on pyrometry. 1899, ii. 340. 

CALOGERAS, J. P., on nickeliferous iron of Sainte-Catherine. 1898. ii. 
310. 

Calorific balance of the blast-furnace. 1898, ii. 458. 

efficiency of the puddling furnace ; 1892, i. 245 ; 1895, i. 412. 

power of coal. 1895, ii. 399. 

power of coal distillation productJi. 1892, i. 309. 

power of combustible gases. 1894, i. 438. 



152 GENERAL INDEX. 

OALORIFIC power of fuel 1891, iL 168 ; 1892, ii. 346 ; 1894, i. 437. 

power of weathered coaL 1899, i. 307. 

value, determination of. 1900, ii. 586. 

valae of brown coal. 1898, ii. 387. 

value of coaL 1893, i. 216 ; 1896, ii. 399. 

value of fuel. 1890, i. 219, ii. 679 ; 1891, i. 278, ii. 168 ; 1892, i. 308, 

ii. 346; 1898, i. 216, ii. 336 ; 1894, i. 433, ii. 308 ; 1895, i. 308, ii. 399 ; 
1896, i. 327, ii. 294 ; 1897, i. 362, ii. 304 ; 1898, i. 367, it 387 ; 1899, i. 
306, ii. 339 ; 1900, i. 292, ii. 428. 

value of gas. 1898, ii. 339. 

value of lignite briquettes. 1900, i. 293. 

value of straw. 1893, i. 217. 

value of wood. 1898, i. 217. 



Calobimetbb for gas. 1894, ii. 310 ; 1895, i. 308. 

Junkers'. 1895, ii. 399. 

Galorimetbic calculations. 1891, i. 280 ; 1897, ii. 304. 

study of the open-hearth furnace. 1891, i. 389. 

value of coal, the. 1891, ii. 168. 

Calumet and Hecla Mine. 1890, s. v. 448. 

and Hecla smelting works. 1890, s. v. 448. 

CALVIN. S., on iron ore. 1896, i. 308. 
Camabgo mines. 1896, ii. 90, 228. 

CAMBBSS^D^S, F., book on mining bj. 1892, ii. 555 ; 1883, ii. 563 ; 1896, 
ii. 487 ; 1897, ii. 551. 

on Belgian coalfield. 1895, i. 316. 

on electric locomotiyes. 1895, i. 353. 

on working thin seams. 1896, i. 376. 

Cambieb converter. 1896, i. 454. 

Cambbia blast-furnaces. 1890, s. v. 235. 

ironworks. 1890, s. v. 289, 417. 

open-hearth works. 1890, s. v. 274. 

steelworks, Bessemer plant at the. 1892, i. 435. 

works at Johnstown. 1896, i. 468. 

CAMERON, A., on coal in New South Wales. 1898, ii. 350. 

on determination of alkalies. 1896, ii. 452. 

CAMP, J. M., on analysis of iron. 1896, i. 531. 

on behaviour of silicon in foundry practice. 1897, ii. 407. 

on blast-furnaces. 1897, i. 454. 

on determination of alumina. 1900, i. 438. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1900, i. 436, 441. 

on determination of sulphur. 1891, ii. 326. 

on slag. 1897, i. 578. 

Campbell coal- washer. 1893, i. 287. 

revolving furnace. 1899, i. 69. 

CAMPBELL, A., on electric i)roperties. 1897, i. 524. 

CAMPBELL, Duncan, elected member. 1898, ii. o. 

CAMPBELL, E. D., on accuracy of chemical analysis. 1896, ii. 436. 

on condition of phosphorus in steel. 1897, ii. 492. 

Paper on "The constitution of stvel." 1899, ii. 223; alleged non- 
diffusive power of pure sulphide of iron, 223 ; Royston's experiments, 
225 ; investigations of the constitution of steel, 226 ; method employed. 
227 ; results obtained, 228 ; hypothesis suggested, 229 ; arguments in 



GENERAL INDEX. 153 

CAHPBBLL, B. D. (cimlinued)^ 

favour of the existence of a scries of ferro-carbous, 232. — Correspondence : 
F. Osmond, 234 ; C. H. Ridsdale, 236. 
on determination of nickel. 1894, ii. 494 ; 1895, ii. 50S. 

Paper on "The diffusion of sulphides through steel." 1897, ii. H)\ 
original experiments, 80; further experiments to determine the con- 
ditions best suited to the dilYusion, 81. — Comspoiultixcc: J. E. Stead. *J5. 

Paper on *«The diffusion of sulphides through steel." 1898, ii. 2r>6. 
— Cforreepondence : J. E. Stead, 260. 

on elimination of arsenic in the determination of phosphorus. 1891, 



i. 486. 

on state of combination of carbon in iron. 1897, ii. 46:3. 



CAMPBELL, Habby Huse, elected member. 1897, i. 1. 

book on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 486. 

on nickel steel. 1896, i. 516. 

on open-hearth process. 1893, ii. 457 ; 1894, i. 545 ; 1900, i. 90. 

on open- hearth work at Steelton. 1894, ii. 411. 

on physical and chemical equations of the open- hearth process. 1890, 

ii. 773. 

on relation of tensile strength to composition. 1897, ii. 465. 

on steel specifications. 1897, i. 638. 

on structural steel. 1895, ii. 673 ; 1896. ii. 411. 



CAMPBELL, James, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

CAMPBELL, M. R., on the Big Stone* Gap coalfield. 1894. ii. 3:{1. 

CAMPBELL, T., elected member. 1893, i. 1. 

CAMPBELL, W., on metamorphisni of coal. 1895. ii. 102. 

CAMPIN, F., book on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 486. 

CAMPION, Alfred, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

on effect of heat treatment on steol. 1900, i. lOS. 

CAMPREDON. L.. book on metallurgy bv. 1890, ii. 8iK) ; 1892, i. 533 ; 1893. 
i. 449; 1897, i. 627 ; 1898, i. 583. 

on annealing iron or steel. 1892. i. 4 11. 

on coal ash. 1897, i. 580. 

on coke analysis. 1897, i. 580. 

on coking power of coal. 1896. i. 3 is. 

on determination of sulphur. 1895. ii. 595 : 1897. i. 570, ii. :U)3. 

on electro-conductivity of sieel. 1891, ii. 300. 

on iron analysis. 1898, i. 531. 

on manganese steel and ingot metal. 1890. ii. «36. 

on tests for cast steel wire. 1892, i. 472. 

Canada, charcoal burning in. 1895, i. ;'i'J(). 

charcoal iron furnace in. 1899, ii. 40t). 

chrome iron ore in. 1894, ii. 2S0 ; 1895, i. 304 ; 1897, ii. ;i03 ; 1899, ii. 

320. 
coal in. 1890, i. 224; 1892. i. 324 ; 1893. i. 220 ; 1894. i. 44(> ; 1896. ii. 



301 ; 1897, ii. 317 ; 1898, i. 376 ; 1899, i. 312. ii. 345. 

— coal mining in. 1892, ii. 417; 1893, ii. 401 ; 1894, ii. 373 ; 1898, ii. 
444. 

— Copper Company. 1890, s. v. .360. 

— exports of nickel. 1892, i. 509. 

— iron industry of. 1894, i. 631 ; 1900, ii. 696. 

— iron making in Kova Scotia. 1892, ii. 535. 



154 GENERAL INDEX. 

Canada, iron ore in. 1898, i. 183 ; 1894. i. 412 ; 1899, ii. 318 ; 1900, i. 275, iL 

411. 

iron smelting in. 1899, ii. 504. 

iron trade imports. 1893, i. 427. 

manganese ore in. 1892, ii. 331 ; 1896, ii. 152. 

metallargical edacation in. 1897. ii. 622. 

mineral production of. 1891. ii. 340 ; 1892, i. 508 ; 1894. i. 630 ; 1895, 

i. 528. 

natural gas in. 1894. i. 472. 

petrolenm in. 1891, i. 456 ; 1899, ii. 361 ; 1900, ii. 456. 

roasting iron ore in. 1892, ii. 341. 

statistics of. 1890, i. 384; 1891, i. 455, ii. 340; 1892, i. 508. ii. 535; 

1893, i. 426, ii. 547; 1894, i. 630. ii. 507 ; 1895, i. 528. ii. 610; 1896. i. 551, 
ii. 464 ; 1897, i. 592, ii. 521 ; 1898, i. 551. ii. 574 ; 1899. i. 481, ii. 503 ; 
1900, i. 463. il 696. 

visit of Institute to Montreal. 1890, s. v. 471. 

visit to Ottawa. 1890, s. v. 466. 



Canadian blast-furnaces. 1893, ii. 427 ; 1897. ii 388 ; 1900, ii. 503. 

iron ores. 1896, ii. 270. 

lake iron ore. 1894, i. 413. 

Pacific Railway, the coal deposits near the. 1892, ii. 357. 

steel plant. 1900, ii. 527. 

Canalisation of the Moselle, basic steel and the. 1890, i. 391. 
CANARIS, C, on lighting appliances. 1897, i. 466. 
CANET, G., toast by. 1900, ii. 363. 
Cannel coal. 1894, i. 442. 

coal from the Ostrau-Karwin basin. 1894, ii. 315. 

coal in British Columbia. 1893, i. 225. 

coal in Peterswald. 1897, ii. 310. 

coal in Southern United States. 1890, i. 233. 

coal, Wigan. 1893, i. 221. 

Cannon, large steel. 1890, ii. 814. 

United States. 1891, ii. 315. 

CANTRILL, T. g., on the Wyre Forest coalfield. 1895, ii. 405 ; 1896, i. 334. 
CAPACCI, C, book on mining by. 1891, ii. 367. 
Capacity and form of blast-furnaces. 1894, i. 78. 
Capk Breton, coal in. 1898, ii. 398. 

International colliery. 1892, i. 384. 

iron ore of. 1893, ii. 312. 

Capk op Good Hope, statistics of. 1897, i. .'594. 

CAPELL, G. M., on ventilating appliances. 1892. i. 376 ; 1893, i. 275 ; 1893, 
ii. 408. 

on ventilation of collieries. 1897, ii. 35G. 

Capital invested in United States railways. 1890, s. v. .'iO. 
CAPPER, D. S., on testing machines. 1894, ii. 451. 

CARACKISTI, C. F. Z., on coal in Colombia and Venezuela. 1896, i. 343 ; 
1898, ii. 403. 

on use of liquid fuel. 1900, ii. 452. 

Carbide, iron, occurrence of. 1898, i. 352. 

of iron. Rollet process for producing a pure. 1890. i. 155. 

of siUcon. 1897, ii. 490. 

of silicon, the use of. 1899, ii. 443. 



GENERAL INDEX. 155 

Gabbidu, a rtodj of some allojs with. 1896. i. 222. 

new. 1896, ii. 425. 

of iron with chrominm, molybdenam, and tangsten. 1895. ii. 584. 

Cabbclic acid, hardening steel in. 1897. i. 511. 
Cabbon and iron, chemical relations of. 1894, ii. 474. 

boiUng point of. 1896. i. 326. 

bricks in blast-furnace. 1891, ii. 240 ; 1893, i. 291 ; 1896, i. 406. 

bricks in Sweden. 1893, ii. 434. 

changes during the annealing process. 1897, ii. 4H0. 

combustion of, in air. 1893, i. 217. 

deposits in blast-furnace linings. 1898, i. 433. 

determination of. 1890, i. 309, ii. ><52 ; 1891, i. 433, ii. 322 ; 1892, i. 

486, ii. 511 ; 1893, i. 403, ii. 527 ; 1894, i. 603, ii. 157, 434 ; 1895, i. 502. 

ii. 303. 587 ; 1896, i. 531. li. 440 ; 1897. i. 284, 566. ii. 496 ; 1898. i. 533, ii. 

555; 1899, i. 464, ii. 482 ; 1900, i. 432, ii. 573. 

in ferro-chrome, determiuation of. 1897, ii. 497. 

in iron. 1893, i. 31)0 ; 1896, ii. 422. 

in iron, mode of existence of. 1891, i. 364. 

in iron, rate of diffusion of. 1896, i. 13y. 

in iron, state of combination of. 1897. ii. 463. 

in pig iron, distribution of. 1895. i. 492. 

in steel, state of. 1895, i. 495. 

influence on iron. 1893, ii. 496 ; 1896, i. 525. 

Iron Company's Works, Pittsburg. 1890, s. v. 425 ; 1892, ii. 454. 

loss of, in rusted pig iron. 1891, L 426. 

missing. 1896, ii. 179. 

modifications in iron. 1893, ii. 53. 

process. 1890. s. v. 320. 

reactions in blast-furnace. 1894. i. 521. 

replacement of, by boron and silicon in molten pig iron. 1895, L 



496. 

— residues, filtering. 1892. ii. 511. 

— specific heat of. 1893, ii. 336 ; 1896, i. 326. 

— steel company, works of. 1893, i. 330. 
theory of hardening steel. 1895, ii. 258. 



Carbonaceoub deposits of Australia. 1898, ii. 351. 

Cabbonate ores of the United States. 1890, s. v. 89. 

Carbonates (clay ironstone) of Scotch coal formation. 1890. .s. v. 114. 

of the United Kingdom. 1890, s. v. 1 14. 

phosphorus in the Hudson River. 1890, i. 197. 

Carbonic acid bottles, comparative experiments with. 1895, ii. 561. 

anhydride in the air. 1894, ii. 369 ; 1895. i. 374. 

oxide, volatile compound of iron and. 1891, il 320. 

oxide, action of, on iron. 1892, i. 4H2 ; 1893, i. 392. 

oxide, reduction of iron oxides by. 1896, i. 528. 

Carbonisation of peat. 1894, ii. 340. 
Carbontl, the formation of nickel. 1896, i. 52H. 
Carborundum. 1893, i. 526. 

for grinding rolls. 1897, i. 521. 

in the cupola. 1900, ii. 511. 

Carburisation of iron by the diamond. 1890, i. 81 ; 1891, i. 426. 



156 GENERAL INDEX. 

CABBUBtSATiON of malleable iron. 1892, iL 506 ; 1894, ii 408 ; 1895, L 423, 
ii. 502 ; 1896. 1 440 ; 1897, i. 498 ; 1898, i. 484, ii. 494 ; 1899, i. 403, ii. 426 ; 
1900, i. 378, ii. 620. 

CARBUTT, Sib Edwabd H., elected Member of Council. 1897, ii. 23. 

on charging open-hearth furnaces by machinery. 1897, i. 109. 

on oil-hardening. 1891, i. 75. 

on trials of rock drills. 1891, i. 269. 

remarks on proposing yote of thanks to the CoonciL 1890, i. 10. 

remarks on Report of Council. 1891, L 14. 

Royal Commissioner at Paris Exhibition. 1900, iL 357. 

speech at annual dinner. 1898, i. 285. 

CARD, F. F., elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 

CARD, G. W., on meteorites. 1897, i. 348. 

CARDELL, W. P., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

Cabdifp Channel Dry Docks. 1897, ii. 246. 

Meeting. 1897, ii. 1. 

Cabe of crucibles. 1897, ii. 423. 

CAREY, E. G., on cast-iron segments for lining tunnels. 1896, i. 511. 

CARIMANTRAND, J., on new explosives. 1898, i. 264. 

Cabinthia, the iron industry of. 1896, ii. 460. 

Cabinthian coal resources. 1894, i. 440. 

CARLES, oil coal in China. 1900, ii. 442. 

CARLISLE, Edwin, elected member. 1895, ii. 6. 

Carlisle, J. G., on the cost of production of tinplate. 1892, ii. 527. 

CARLYLE, W. A., on the mineral statistics of Canada. 1898, iL 575. 

Cabmaux, France, coal from. 1890, ii. 682. 

CARNAHAN, R. B., on determination of phosphorus. 1894, L 612. 

on oxide. 1897, i. 574. 

CARNE, J. E., on chrome iron ore in New South Wales. 1898, iL 359. 

on iron ore in Australia. 1895, ii. 372. 

on iron ore in New South Wales. 1894, i. 411. 

CARNEGIE, Andbew, address by. 1900, i. 152. 

donation. 1900, ii. 6. 

elected Member of Council. 1890, ii. 17. 

elected Vice-President. 1896, i. 11. 

on American armour. 1892, i. 30. 

on award of the Bessemer medal. 1892, i. 29. 

on basic steel. 1892, L 29. 

on the late Mr. Shinn. 1892, i. 30. 

on metal mixers. 1895, i. 71. 

on President's address. 1892, i. 29. 

proposed endowment by. 1900, i. 229. 

reception of the Institute by. 1890, iL ] . 

remarks of, on report. 1892, i. 8. 

resolution proposing life membership, seconded by. 1895, i. G5. 

travelling by sea, 1892, i. 31. 

vote of thanks by. 1894, i. 'J4 ; 1900, i. 228. 

welcome to, as new Member of CounciL 1891, ii. 22. 

CAKXEGIE, ])., on manufacture and of!iciency of armour-plates. 1893, ii. 
517. 

on manufacture of forged steel projectiles. 1892, iL 477. 



GENERAL INDEX. 157 

GARNET, J. A^ on shop etchings. 1898, i. 512. 

CARNOT, A., books on metallargy by. 1896, i. 573, ii. 486 ; 1899, i. 506. 

on analysis of iron. 1896. i. 530. 

on compoonds isolated from steel. 1900, ii. 571. 

on condition of silicon and chromium in steeL 1899, i. 453. 

on crystals in basic slag. 1895, ii. 525. 

on determination of aluminium. 1891, i. 241. 

on determination of arsenic. 1896, i. 537. 

on determination of carbon. 1900, i. 432. 

on determination of manganese. 1893, ii. 530 ; 1895, i. 607. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1893. i. 404, iL 528. 

on influence of hardening. 1900, ii. 546. 

on manganese ores in France. 1893, ii. 320. 

on new analytical methods. 1898, ii. 554. 

on steel and iron alloys. 1897, ii. 486. 

CARNOT, E., OD coal in the East. 1893, ii. 358. 

CARNOT, H., on the iron ores of France and Algeria. 1890, ii. 654. 

Cabolina, North, coal in. 1892, ii. 362. 

North, Lollingite in. 1898, i. 193. 

CARPENTER. F. G., on anthracite in Peru. 1898, ii. 404. 

on Chinese ironworks. 1894, ii. 507. 

CARPENTER, R. C. on calorimetry. 1896, i. 331. 

on effect of length on tensile tests. 1895, ii. 556. 

on effects of temperature. 1897, i. 530 ; 1899, ii. 458. 

on heat transmission through cast-iron plates. 1890, ii. 847. 

on heating value of coal. 1898, i. 372. 

on tube making. 1898, ii. 523. 

on ventilation of collieries. 1899, i. 354 ; 1900, i. 334. 

CARR, C. A., on steel castings in the United States Navy. 1892, L 441. 

CARR, E., obituary notice of. 1893. i. 172. 

CARR, W. J. E., on endless rope haulage. 1894. i. 485. 

Cabhpield and Throstle Bank Mills, Hyde. 1899, ii. 273. 

Cabriaoe Department of Royal Arsenal. 1891, ii. 111. 

for self-acting inclines. 1890, i. 255. 

of oil in bulk. 1894, i. 471. 

CARRINGTON, W., on wire ropeways. 1897, ii. 293. 
CARRINGTON, W. T. H., on handUng iron ore. 1898, ii. 377. 

on storage of petroleum. 1891, i. 311. 

Carbon Ironworks. 1897, ii. 387. 

Cartagena, iron ores of. 1892, ii. 309. 

CARTER, E. F., on methods of ca>e-hardening. 1900, i. 392. 

CARTER, O. C. S.. on a ferruginised tree. 1896, i. 310. 

on anthracite coal near Perkiomen Creek. 1894, ii. 329. 

on mine water. 1898, i. 421. 

on search for natural gas near Philadelphia. 1894, ii. 344. 

CARTER, T. L., on mine surveying. 1899, ii. 388. 
CARTER, W. E. H., on coal in Canada. 1899, ii. 346. 
CARTIER, Sylva, on coal in Portugal. 1898, i. 375. 
CARTLAND, James, & Son. 1896, ii. 327. 
Cabtbidges, water. 1891, ii. 206. 



158 GENERAL INDEX. 

CARULLA, F. J. R. :— 

Pa/per on 'The agricultural value of sulphate of ammonia from 
• blast-furnaces," 1897, i. 284 ; nitrate of soda, 284 ; Professor Wagner's 
results, 286 ; experiments made, 287. — Correspondence : H. K. Bamber, 
291 ; Messrs. Bradbury and Hirsch, 292 ; E. A. Brotherton, 293 ; Professor 
F. Clowes, 293 ; R. Dempster, 294 ; J. Golding, 294 ; J. Hillman, 
295 ; T. Vaughan Hughes, 296 ; E. Jackson, 297 ; J. F. Kempson, 297 ; 
Frank Livesey, 298 ; Colonel S. A. Sadler, 299 ; J. O'Sullivan, 300 ; C. 
Taylor, 300 ; F. J. R. Carulla, 301. 

on boiler steeL 1895, i. 476. 

on desulphurisation of iron. 1892, ii. 435 ; 1898, i. 300. 

on determination of carbon. 1894, i. 610. 

Paper on " Ingots for gun- tubes and propeller shafts," 1900, i. 163 ; 
circular form of ingot most natural but worst, 163 ; ingots used at Bofors 
and Landore, 163 ; analysis of steel employed, 164 ; percentage of good 
bars rolled from round ingots, 165 ; advantages of polygonal ingot with 
concave sides, 167. — IHseustion: F. Radcliffe, \Q^,— Correspo%\d€nee: 
E. Demenge, 170 ; J. G. Gordon, 173 ; H. E. Head, 174 ; C. Johns, 174 ; 
J. F. Melling, 175. 

Paper on ** An undescribed phenomenon in the fusion of mild steel," 
1891, it 67 ; description of phenomenon, 67 ; meeting points, 68 ; changes 
of volume, 69 ; concentration of metalloids, 69 ; piling and welding, 71 : 
greater fusibility of interior of bar, 71. — Discussion: G. J. Snelus, 72 ; 
A. E. Tucker, 73 ; Sir Lowthian Bell, 73 ; G. J. Snelus, 74 ; W. Galbraith, 
74 ; F. J. R Carulla, 75. 

CARDS- WILSON, C. H., on behaviour of steel under mechanical stress. 

1890. i. 358. 

on rupture of steel by longitudinal stress. 1890, i. 369. 

CAS A LI, Adolfo, on slag analysis. 1900, i. 440. 
CASANAVE, F. D., on testing machines. 1896, ii. 408. 
Case-habdenino. 1900, i. 391. 

ingots. 1898, ii. 518. 

CASPAAR, M., on burning coal dust. 1897, ii. 371. 

on foreign trade of Austria-Hungary. 1892, i. 505 ; 1896, i. 549. 

on imports and exports of Austria. 1891, ii. 337 ; 1893, i. 425, ii. 544 ; 

1894, i. 625 ; 1895, i. 522 ; 1898, ii. 571 ; 1899, ii. 497. 

on iron trade of Austria. 1890, i. 381 ; 1900, i. 449. 



CASPAR, C, on crucible steel. 1899, i. 403. 

Casperson, converter ladle. 1898, ii. 20. 

CASPERSON, C. A., on determination of the hardness of steel. 1893, i. 366. 

on hardness of iron. 1890, i. 356. 

CASPERSSON, C, on open-hearths at the Duisburg Steelworks. 1897, ii. 432. 
Cast houses at blast furnaces. 1890, s. v. 260. 
Cast iron. 1899, i. 229, 356 ; 1899, i. 389. 

action of metalloids on. 1898, ii. 2(X\ 

action of oils on. 1896, i. 529. 

aluminium in. 1890, i. 292. 

ancient. 1898, i. 472. 

artistic treatment of. 1894, i. 537. 

chilled. 1892, i. I'Jfi. 

chilled wheels. 1892, ii. 444; 1895. i. 401). 

_. coated wator-])ipf. 1890, ii. 809. 

columns. 1898, i. 511. 

contraction and strength of. 1896, ii. 562. 



GEKERAX INDEX. 159 

Oabt iron for cylinders. 1898, i. 470. 

for hydraulic castings. 1900, ii. 510. 

graphite in. 1890, ii. 849. 

joints for rails. 1897, ii. 411. 

malleable. 1892, ii. 492 ; 1895, ii. 527. 

manganese in. 1891, ii. 247. 

mobility of molecnies in. 1896, i. 502. 

nickel plating. 1895, ii. 541. 

phosphorus in. 1890, i. 291. 

physical and chemical properties of. 1890, ii. 828 ; 1895, 

i. 470. 



pipes. 1897, i. 487 ; 1899, ii. 416. 

pipes, corrosion of. 1893, ii. 522. 

plates, heat tran.^mission through. 1891, 1 420, ii. 209. 

— pressure used in drilling. 1890. ii. 839. 

replacement of, by steel. 1895, i. 449. 

segments for lining tunn(rl>. 1896, i. 511. 

strength of mixtures of. 1895, i. 4()7. 

sulphur in. 1894. i. 537. 

test bars. 1892, ii. 492. 

testing. 1893, ii. 508 ; 1894, ii. 452 ; 1895, ii. 227, 249 ; 1896, 

i. 509, 510. 

trimming. 1892, i. 461. 

transverse strength of. 1895, iL 552. 

under impact. 1898, L 510. 

value of metalloids in. 1898, i. ICtl. 

wheels. 1898, ii. 540. 



Cast bteel bells. 1899, ii. 447. 

locomotiTC wheels. 1892, ii. 41(1 

stem frames. 1894, ii. 435. 

wire, tests for. 1892, i. 462. 

CASTELLAN, on briquettes. 1899, i. 367. 

CA8TELNAU, F., book on mining by. 1892, i. 534 ; 1897, i. (128. 

Castille, coalfields of. 1894, i. 443, ii. :>1S. 

Casting arrangements. 1893, ii. 447. 

chilled rolls. 1897, i. 487 ; 1898, ii. 479. 

crucible steel ingots. 1895, ii. 503. 

heavy steel, for marine work. 1894, i. 561. 

ingots. 1891, i. 407, ii. 286 ; 1893, i. 332, ii. 469 ; 1898, ii. 5. 

ladle, cylindrical. 1896, i. 4J4. 

ladle, steel. 1892, ii. 458. 

machinery. 1899, i. 374, ii. 405. 

method of. 1894, ii. 398. 

mortars. 1890, i. 301. 

new method of melting and. 1893, i. 316. 

pig iron. 1896. ii. 354 ; 1898, ii. 466. 

plate slabs. 1892, i. 444. 

plates in open sand moulds. 1890, i. 302. 

process, Slavianoff electric. 1895. ii. 509. 

sand. 1892, ii. 445 ; 1900, ii. 52<). 



160 GENERAL INDEX. 

Casting, steel cores for. 1897, i. 486. 

steel, sands employed in. 1900, ii. 620. 

steel, tests of a large. 1892, ii. 4i>7. 

temperature of soft steel. 1895, i. 465. 

wheels. 1897. i. 487. 

with direct metal. 1896, ii. 361. 

Castings. 1898, i. 494. 

basic steel. 1892, ii. 455. 

chilled. 1891, ii. 250 ; 1895, ii. 488. 

cleaning of. 1890, i. 303 ; 1896, i. 429 ; 1897. i. 488 ; 1898, i. 47 

contraction of. 1897, i. 488. 

cracks in, alloy for filling. 1891, ii. 252. 

direct from blaat-fnrnace. 1897, i. 467. 

fine artistic. 1899, i. 388. 

for cylinders and valves. 1897, ii. 412. 

for ordnance steel. 1893, ii. 517. 

in iron. 1892, ii. 444. 

iron. 1896. i. 425. 

large. 1891, ii. 277 ; 1892, ii. 461 ; 1899, ii. 415. 

malleable. 1890. ii. 810 ; 1893, i. 349 ; 1898, i. 475. 

Mitis. 1893, ii. 476. 

open-hearth steel. 1892, i. 429 ; 1893, i. 323. 

smooth. 1895, ii. 486. 

steel. 1891. i. 406, ii. 285 ; 1892, ii. 452 ; 1893. i. 352, ii. 477. 

steel, formation of blow-holes in. 1892, i. 484. 

steel, in the United States Navy. 1892, i. 441. 

strength of steel. 1896, ii. 409. 

warping of. 1899, ii. 415. 

CASTLEMAN, J. W., on iron ore in Alabama. 1899, ii. 320. 
CASTNER, J., on an electric softening machine. 1897, ii. 44(5. 

on arraotir-piercing projectiles. 1898, ii. 522. 

on armour-plate making. 1895, ii. 539. 

on armour-plate tests. 1895, ii. 577 ; 1896, i. 620 ; 1899, i. 449. 

on gun manufacture. 1900. ii. 538. 

on Remscheid Mannesmann rolling-mill.»5. 1895. ii. 524. 

on Schnlte-Hemmis shell procc.<5s. 1896, ii. 394. 

on tungsten and its uses. 1896, ii. 427. 

Castro- Urdi ALES, important works at. 1896, ii. H'X 
Catchks, safety. 1891, ii. 212 ; 1896, i. .309. 
CATLETT, C, on bcohiv(j ovens. 1899, i. 327. 

on coal in Al.ibanui. 1900, ii. 4IiO. 

on coal in Virginia. 1897. ii. 820. 

on iron ore in Virginia. 1899, ii. .321. 

on inangan(?sc ore in the United States. 1897, ii. 2S'J. 

- - on prospeotiriiT. 1897. i. .351. 
CATTIKK, S., on fin-bricks. 1898, ii. 884. 
Caucasus, bitumen of. 1896, i. .359. 

coal in the. 1893, i. 224. 

— firc-resistinj' materials in. 1896. i. 824. 



•» 



manganese ore in. 1890, ii. (>G4 ; 1891. ii. 150; 1892, ii. 329; 1896, i. 



312 ; 1900, ii. 417. 



6BNERAL INDEX. 161 

Caucasus, naphtha in. 1895, ii. 424. 

petroleom industry of. 1898, i. 434 ; 1896, i. 357. 

Cause of formation of rust. 1898, i. 397. 
Causes of rail breakages. 1892, ii. 497. 
CAVENDISH. Lord Edward, decease of. 1891, i. 14. 

obituary notice of. 1891, i. 231. 

CAVENDISH, Victor, elected Member of Council. 1894, i. 9. 

vote of thanks by. 1896, i. G4. 

CAWLKY, G., juror at Paris Exhibition. 1900, ii. 357. 

on coal-mining in Jupan. 1896, i. 534. 

CAYLEY-WEBSTER, H., on native iron manufacture. 1899, i. 394. 
CBCCHI-MORGANINI, E., on petroleum in Italy. 1900, i. 310. 
CEIPEK, N., on explosives and blasting. 1898, ii. 439. 
Cellular theory of steel. 1892, ii. 4»1 ; 1896, ii. 542 ; 1897, ii. 452. 
Cement and steel flooring. 1893, ii. 510. 
in shaft sinking. 1893, i. 252. 

slag. 1890, i. 296* ii. 760 ; 1892, i. 411, ii. 439 ; 1893, ii. 441 ; 1896. L 

421 ; 1898, i. 461. 
steels. 1896, ii. 373. 



Cementation, micro-chemistry of. 1898, ii. 185. 

of iron. 1893, ii. 157 ; 1894, i. 54r) ; 1896, ii. 503 ; 1898, i. 525. 

process, the Harvey, for armour-plate. 1892, i. 458. 

Census reports on the mining industry of United States. 1891, ii. 358. 
Central Asia, coal in. 1900, ii. 441. 

steam-condensing plant. 1899, ii. 424 ; 1900, i. 377. 

Centre blast for cupolas. 1896, ii. 361 ; 1897, i. 272. 
Centrifugal casting. 1897, ii. 441 ; 1898, ii. 479. 

fans for cupolas. 1896, ii. 486. 

ventilators. 1892, i. 371. 

Cerain Mines. 1896, ii. 232. 

Cbrnavoda Bridge. 1890, ii. 815. 

Ceylon, graphite in. 1890, ii. 740 ; 1891, ii. 166 ; 1892, ii. 344 ; 1900, ii. 427. 

CHADWICK, D., obituary notice of. 1896, ii. 350. 

Chain cables, charcoal iron for. 1896, i. 512. 

Chains, crane. 1890, ii. 834. 

Klatte system of rolling. 1896, i. 477. 

test of. 1894, ii. 460. 

testing'small. 1892, ii. 502. 

weldlesH. 1891, ii. 297 ; 1894, ii. 4:J0. 

CHALMERS, J. A., on South African coal. 1896, ii. 409. 
CHAOIOT, G. DK, on ferro-silicon. 1899, i. 384, ii. 474. 

on silicides of iron. 1896, ii. 426. 

CHALON, P. F., book on mining by. 1893. i. 450 ; 1896, i. 549. 

on dynamite fumes. 1892, ii. 402. 

CHAMBERLAIN, E., on malleable castings. 1898, i. 475. 
CHAMBERLAIN, V. M.. on testing metals. 1900, i. 413. 
CHAMBERS, A. M., obituary notice of. 1898, ii. 326. 
CHAMBERS, J., on Russian petroleum statistics. 1898, iL 589. 
CHAMBERS. R. E., on iron ore in Newfoundland. 1896, L 305. 

on iron ore mining in Belle Island. 1900, ii. 418. 

on selection of materials for the blast-furnace. 1896, i. 386. 

L 



162 GENERAL INDEX. 

CHAMBERS, T. G., book on mining by. 1886, ii. 487. 
CHAMBERS, William Hrnry, elected member. 1896, ii. 6. 

on electricity in relation to mining. 1892, ii. 411. 

on extinction of fires in mines. 1900, i. 337. 

on keeping open haulage roads. 1892, ii. 390. 

on pumping appliances. 1892, ii. 405. 

on shaft sinking. 1893, ii. 386. 

on underground haulage. 1893, i. 255. 

Champion mine. 1890, s. v. 205, 385. 
CHAMPY, L., on mine fires. 1897, ii. 361. 
CHANCE, G. W., on rails. 1897, ii. 478. 
CHANCE, H. M., on anthracite mining. 1898, i. 270. 

on the Choctaw coalfield. 1890, i. 232, ii. 691. 

on coal in Wyoming. 1890, ii. 692. 

on methods of working coal. 1900, i. 330, ii. 475. 

on Rich Patch iron ore, Virginia. 1899, i. 288. 

on value of coal. 1896, i. 344. 

CHANDLER, Lincoln, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

Changes in composition of steel during mechanical treatment. 1892, ii. 

506. 

in ingot metal. 1892, ii. 483. 

molecular, in iron. 1892, ii. 481. 

CHANNING, J. P., on curvature of diamond drill-holes. 1894, ii. 296. 

on exploring with the diamond drill. 1896, ii. 286. 

on extinguishing a fire in Lake Superior mine. 1892, i. 295. 

on mine accounts. 1897, ii. 291. 

on mining in Lake Superior region. 1896, i. 314. 

CHANSSELLE, M., on miners' electric lamp. 1890, ii. 720. 
CHANUTE, O., on timbering in mines. 1900, ii. 472. 
Chapin iron ore mine. 1890, s. v. 373 ; 1893, i. 203. 

haulage and hoisting plant in. 1898, ii. 372. 

CHAPMAN, J. R., on calorimetry. 1900, i. 292. 

CHAPUY, on French coalfields. 1896, i. 335, ii. 300. 

Charcoal. 1891, ii. 186; 1892, i. 330, ii. 370; 1893, i. 23.^ ii. 362; 1894, 

ii. 333 ; 1895, i. 326, ii. 417 ; 1896, i. 347, ii. 306 ; 1897, i. 387, ii. 322 ; 

1898, ii. 407 ; 1899, i. 321, ii. 352 ; 1900, i. 303, ii. 444. 

Bes.<:emer steel. 1896, ii. SCO. 

bla8t-furnace, peculiar product of. 1896, i. 422. 

blast-furnace records. 1890, i. 284. 

blast-furnaces. 1893, ii. 422 ; 1895, i. 387. 

blast-furnaces, American. 1891, i. 354 ; 1892, ii. 430 ; 1896, i. 409. 

blast-furnaces, Canadian. 1893, ii. 427 ; 1899, ii. 406. 

compressed peat. 1892, i. 330. 

in Chili, 1892, ii. 370. 

iron for chain cables. 1896, i. 51 2. 

iron making. 1896, ii. 318 ; 1897, i. 4 ".4. 

kilns. 1896, i. 347. 

making. 1893, i. 235 ; 1895, i. 326. 

making in United States. 1896, ii. 306. 

peat oven. 1891, ii. 187. 

pig iron in United States. 1893, ii. 557. 

pig iron, Swedish. 1895, ii. 479. 



GENERAL INDEX. 168 

CbABOOAL, prodaotion of. 1891, ii. 186. 

uae of, in United States. 1890, s. v. 131. 

used in iron-smelting. 1891, i. 354 ; 1899, ii. 352. 

Charge, a blast-furnace. 1890, ii. 742. 

an open-hearth. 1891, ii. 274. 

Ghakges, calculation of blast-furnace. 1891, i. 369 ; 1898, ii. 442. 

in blast-furnaces, hanging of. 1892, i. 89G ; 1898. i. 297. 

Charoino and drawing machine. 1890, s. v. 206. 

and piling of puddle bars, hot. 1892, i. 417. 

apparatus. 1892, i. 408 ; 1894, i. 5i(>. 

appliance for open-hearths. 1895, ii. 506 ; 1896, i. 443 ; 1900, ii. 523. 

appliances, electro -motors for. 1898, i. 489. 

blast-furnaces. 1898, ii. 458. 

blast-furnaces mechanicallj. 1899, i. 368 ; 1900, ii. 494. 

crane for blooming-mill. 1893, ii. 452. 

heating furnaces, apparatus for. 1891, i. 402. 

machine, Scholtz. 1897, i. 466. 

machine, Wellman. 1896, ii. 379. 

open-hearth furnaces. 1897, ii. 433. 

reheating furnace with automatic. 1891, i. 402. 

turnings into cupolas. 1892, i. 411. 

GUAKITSCHKOFF, K. W., on Caucasian bitumen. 1896, i. 360. 

on petroleum. 1894, ii. 342 ; 1896, i. 357 ; 1897. ii. 330 ; 1900, i. 312, 

ii. 453. 
Charleroi basin, steelworks of. 1899, I 411. 

plate glass works. 1894, ii. 253. 

CHAKLBTON, A. G., book un mining by. 1897, i. 628. 

on electricity as motive power. 1894, i. 273. 

on mine accounts. 1897, ii. 291. 

on mines qi Elba. 1895, i. 174. 

on nickel ores. 1895, ii. 393. 

CHAKLETON, R. J., on electric conductors for mines. 1892, ii. 411. 
CHARLON, A., on petroleum in France. 1893, i. 242. 
CHARLTON, Alfred Joiinbun, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 
CHARLTON, William, elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 
CHARLTON, Willla-M Johnson, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 
CHARNEAU, a., on a new form of regenerative furnace. 1895, i. 434. 
CHARFBNTIER, H., book on mining by. 1900, ii. 631. 
CHARPY, G., on allotropic changes of iron. 1894, ii. 446. 

on alteration in iron produced by strain. 1894, i. 578. 

on boron steel. 1895, i. 497. 

on hardening of iron and steel. 1895, i. 460, ii. 281. 

on microstructure of iron. 1900, ii. 541. 

on molecular changes in steel. 1894, ii. 447. 

on nickel steel tests. 1899, i. 437. 

on temperature of molecular changes of iron and steel. 1896, i. 462. 

on testing machines. 1899, i. 435. 

CHASE, H. S., on a magnetic ore separator. 1892, ii. 339. 

on magnetic separation. 1893, i. 206; 1896, i. 317. 

CH ATELIER. iSSee Lb Chatelier. 

CHATISOF, on use of petroleum for smelting iron ore. 1899, i. 878. 



164 GENERAL INDEX. 

Chatbworth House. 1899, ii. 265. 
Chattanooga. 1890, s. v. 463. 

basic steel at. 1890, ii. 790. 

foundry and pipe works. 1890, s. v. 355. 

(JHAUVENET, R., on iron industry of Colorado. 1894, i. 646. 
on iron resources of Colorado. 1890, i. 197. 

Chemical analysis. 1890, i. 368. ii. 851 ; 1891, i. 431, ii. 321 ; 1892, i. 486. ii. 
510 ; 1893, i. 402. ii. 526; 1894, i. 600, ii. 481 ; 1895, i. 499, ii. 586 ; 1896, 
i. 530, ii. 435 ; 1897, i. 566. ii. 495 ; 1898, i. 531. ii. 553 ; 1899, i. 464, ii. 
480 ; 1900, i. 431, ii. 572. 

and physical relations of steel. 1893, i. 374, ii. 4iK) ; 1894, ii. 448. 

classification of coal. 1900, ii. 429. 

composition and physical properties of steel. 1894, i. 572. 

composition of ingot moulds. 1899, i. 458. 

composition of pig iron. 1890, i. 291, ii. 758 ; 1891, i. 361. ii. 245 ; 

1892, i. 403, ii. 434 ; 1898. i. 309, ii. 440 ; 1894, i. 529, ii. 392 ; 1895. i. 401, 
ii. 478 ; 1896, i. 419, ii. 355 ; 1897. i. 475, ii. 395 ; 1898, i. 456, ii. 474 : 1899. 
i. 383, ii. 409 ; 1900, i. 357, ii. 504. 

constitution of iron pyrites. 1896. i. 288. 

equations of open-hearth process. 1890, ii. 773. 

phenomena of open-hearth furnace.' 1891. ii. 265. 

preparation of low-grade manganese ores. 1890, ii. 678. 

properties. 1890, i. 363, ii. 847 ; 1891, i. 426, ii. 319 ; 1892, i. 482. ii. 

506 ; 1893, i. 388. ii. 520 ; 1894, i. 591. ii. 469 ; 1895, i. 489, ii. 580; 1896. 

i. 523, ii. 421 ; 1897, 4. 554, ii. 486 ; 1898, i. 520, ii. 548 ; 1899, i. 450, ii. 

473 ; 1900, i. 422, ii. 566. 

properties of cast iron. 1895, i. 470. 

reactions in the blast-furnace. 1890, ii. 742. 

relations of carbon and iron. 1894, ii. 474. 



Chemically pure iron. 1896. ii. 426. 
Chemist and the blast-furnace. 1895, ii. 481. 
Chemistry of coal. 1891, ii. 169. 

of foundry processes. 1892, ii. 442. 

of iron. 1895. i. 493. 

of iron, modern practice in. 1894, ii. 469 ; 1895. ii. 580. 

of open-hearth furnace. 1896, i. 443. 

of petroleum. 1900, ii. 452. 

CHENHALL. J. W., on coal-cutting machinery. 1900, ii. 471. 

Chequer brick, Steyenson and York. 1892, ii. 345. 

CHERKAS80V, N., on petroleum in Russia. 1899, ii. 360. 

CHERRIE, J., on foundry appliances. 1900, i. 360. 

CHERKIE. James Macallum, obituary notice of. 1900, i. 251. 

CHESNEAU, G., on detection of fire-damp. 1892, il. 410; 1893, ii. 411. 

on explosives and blasting. 1899, ii. 376. 

on oil shale industry. 1893, ii. 378. 

on oil shale industry of France. 1894, i. 468. 

on researches of the Austrian Fire-damp Commission. 1892, ii. 41.'i. 

on safety-lamps. 1894. i. 501 ; 1897, ii. .357. 

Chester Steelworks, Pennsylvania. 1890, ii. 792. 
CHETHAM'S Hospital and Library. 1899, ii. 248. 
Cheyenne Mountain, Colorado, fayalite from. 1891, ii. 144. 
CHEYSSON, E.. on early steel bridges. 1894, i. .'567. 



GSNERAL INDEX. 165 

OHIAFPONI, Marco, on coal in Chili. 1899, i. 316. 
CHIBA8, B. J., on manganese ore. 1892, i. 280; 1897, i. 34!). 
Chicago Exhibition. 1893, i. 7, ii. 21, 180. 

Exhibition, iron and steel products at. 1894, ii. 406. 

Fowler's car- wheel works. 1890, s. v. 446. 

Pullman works. 1890, s. v. 445. 

South, works at. 1890, s. v. 443 ; 1899, i. 413. 

visit of Institute to. 1890, ii. 650 ; s. v. 441. 

CHILDE, H. S., on electricity in mines. 1899, ii. 373. 
Chili, charcoal in. 1892, ii. 370. 

coal in. 1898, ii. 403 ; 1899, i. 316 ; 1900, ii. 442, 507. 

coal mining in. 1890, ii. 864. 

fuel in. 1895, i. 321. 

iron ore in. 1890, ii. 663, 864 ; 1892, ii. 319 ; 1898, ii. 365. 

iron trade of. 1894, ii. 509. 

lignite in. 1892, ii. 366. 

manganese ore in. 1892, ii. 536. 

native iron sulphates from. 1890, i. 199 ; 1891, i. 259. 

statistics of. 1896, i. 552 ; 1900, ii. 507. 

Chill moulds. 1895, ii. 4S8. 

Chilled castings. 1891, ii. 250 ; 1892, i. 126 ; 1895, ii. 488 ; 1897, ii. 412. 

iron, strength of. 1897, i. 538. 

rolls. 1892, ii. 410 ; 1899, i. 386 ; 1900, ii. 510. 

rolls, failure of. 1893, i. 320. 

wheels, manufacture of. 1895, i. 409 ; 1896, i. 430. 

Chills for cast iron wheels, contracting. 1892, ii. 444. 
Chimneys, steel. 1891, ii. 297. 

wrought iron. 1890, ii. 815 ; 1892, ii. ^6. 

China clay for lining cupolas. 1894, ii. 394. 

China, coal in. 1891, i. 291 ; 1893, i. 232 ; 1898, i. 3K0, ii. 405 ; 1900, i. 300, 

ii. 442. 

coal mining in. 1891, i. 314 ; 1892, ii. 417. 

cupola practice in. 1899, i. 386. 

iron and steel works in. 1891, i. 456 ; 1892, i. 436 ; 1894, ii. 507 ; 1895, 

i. 443 ; 1900, ii. 529. 
iron ore in. 1893, i. 193 ; 1898, i. 346 ; 1899. i. 280 ; 1900, i. 277, ii. 

413. 

iron ore mining in. 1892, ii. 333. 

manufacture of iron and steel in. 1891, ii. 340; 1898, ii. 484. 

statistics of. 1893, ii. 547 ; 1895, ii. 611 ; 1896, ii. 465 ; 1898, i. 562 ; 



1900, i. 454. 
Chinese coke, analysis of. 1898, i. 385. 

foundry. 1898. ii. 482. 

Government steelworks. 1896, i. 446. 

CHISHOLM, F. F., on iron ore in Montana. 1891, i. 258. 

CHISUOLM, G. G., on the world's coal and iron production. 1890, ii. 887. 

CHISM, R. E., book on mining by. 1900. ii. 631. 

CHISTONI, C, on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1897, ii. 454. 

on tungsten steel. 1898, i. 506. 

Choctaw coaiaeld. 1890, i. 232, ii. 691. 
CHOMIENNE, C, book on metallurgy by. 1897, ii. 550. 



166 GSNEBAL INDXX. 

CHORLEY, J. C, on conatitoents of coal. 1892, ii. 350 ; 1898, i. 219. 

on destructive distillation of wood. 1892, ii. 871. 

CHRISTIE, J., on strnctaral steel. 1898, ii. 602 ; 1896, i. 479. 
CHRISTIE, W. W., on aluminium steel. 1892, ii. 502. 
Chbome, analysis of. 1891, ii. 329. 

and tungsten steel analysis. 1900, ii. 580. 

iron. 1890, ii. 849. 

iron, analysis of. 1890, i. 372. 

iron ore. 1896, ii. 282 ; 1897, i. 349 ; 1899. i. 2J)4. 

iron ore, analysis of. 1892, ii. 521 ; 1900, ii. 584. 

iron ore, decomposition of. 1892, i. 492. 

iron ore, determination of yalue of. 1892, i. 493. 

iron ore, formation of. 1890, ii. 664. 

iron ore, Hungarian. 1893, i. 214. 

iron ore in Anatolia. 1895, i. 287. 

iron ore in CaUfornia. 1892, ii. 329 ; 1894, ii. 288. 

iron ore in Canada. 1894, ii. 280 ; 1895, i. 304 ; 1897, ii. 303 ; 1899, ii. 

320. 

iron ore in Lower Silesia. 1891, i. 251, ii. 165 ; 1898, i. 200. 

iron ore in New South Wales. 1898, iL 359. 

iron ore in New Zealand. 1892, ii. 328 ; 1895, ii. 381 ; 1898, i. 355. 

iron ore linings. 1890, i. 217, ii. 783 ; 1891, i. 276 ; 1898, ii. 470 : 1895, 



ii. 506. 

— nickel ore and, in New Caledonia. 1891, ii. 153. 

— ore, assay of. 1898, i. 539. 

— ore in Asia Minor. 1898, L 355. 

— steel. 1897, i. 498. 
steel, welding. 1896, i. 472. 



Chbomitb at Port-au-Port Bay, Newfoundland. 1897, ii. 303. 

in California. 1891, ii. 154. 

in North Carolina. 1900, ii. 417. 

Chromium alloys. 1895, i. 202. 

determination of. 1890, i. 372, 375, ii. 863 ; 1892, ii. 515 ; 1893, i. 146, 

153, 168, 412, ii. 636 ; 1894. i. 614. ii. 493 ; 1895. i. 512, ii. 153, 602 ; 1896, 
i. 537, ii. 445 ; 1897, i. 570 ; 1898. ii. 560 ; 1900, i. 436. 

influence of, on critical points of iron and steel. 1890. i. 61. 

silicides of iron and. 1896, i. 625. 



CHUBB, H. W., on locks and safes. 1893, i. 380. 

CHURCH, 8. R., book on metallurgy by. 1900, ii. 630. 

CHUTE, H. 0., on by-products of charcoal making. 1900, i. 303. 

CiLLY, Styria, lignite of. 1891, i. 283. 

Cinder-heaps, value of. 1895, i. 414. 

Circular saws. 1891, i. 415 ; 1895, ii. 537. 

CISNEROS. C. B., on petroleum in Peru. 1895. i. 336. 

CIZEK. K., on safety -lamps. 1892, i. 376. 

CLAGHORN. C. R, on methods of working coal. 1900, i. 330. 

CLAPP. G. H., on aluminium. 1892. ii. 520. 

CLAPP, G. H., and Alfred E. HUNT:— 

Paper on " The inspection of materials of construction in the United 
States,'* 1890, ii. 294 ; growth of inspection, 295 ; general specifications, 
296 ; specifications for wrought iron, 297 ; specifications for tension iron, 
298 ; table of tensile and cofd bending tests, 299 ; specification for rivet 



GENERAL INDEX. 167 

CLAPP, G. H., and Alfred E. Huiit (c<miinued)—' 

and cast iron, 800 ; specifications for steel, 301 ; specifications for rivet 
Kteel, 802 ; chemical composition, 304 ; test-pieces, 305 ; examples of 
teats, 309 ; preference for open-hearth steel, 312 ; unreliability of Bessemer 
steel. 314. 

CLAPP, G. P., on drawing crucible steel wire. 1891, L 410. 

on manufacture of wire. 1893, i. 358. 

Glabence basin, New South Wales, coal-measures of. 1892, ii. 356. 

works, Middlesbrough and Pittsburg, comparison of. 1900, s. v. 171. 

CLARK, E., on determination of chromium. 1895, ii. H02. 

CLARK, E. B., on electric power in steel works. 1898, ii. 488 ; 1899, i. 416. 

CLARK, F. N., on experiments in explosives. 1890, ii. 718. 

CLARK, G. T., death of. 1898, i. 15. 

obituary notice of. 1898, i. 313. 

CLARK, J., on determination of chromium. 1892, ii. 516 ; 1893, i. 412 ; 1895, 

ii. 157. 

on manufacture of patent fuel. 1892, i. 392. 

CLARK, S. S., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1899, ii. 453. 

CLARK, T., on native iron from the Lizard. 1894, i. 4*23. 

CLARK, W. F., on methods of working thick coal in South Staffordshire. 

1892, i. 3f](). 

on South Staffordshire coalfield. 1892, i. 318. 

on spontaneous combustion of coal. 1892, i. 317. 

CLARKE, B. G.. on Harvey armour-plate. 1891. i. 417. 

CLARKE, E. B., on cage-props. 1890, ii. 715. 

CLARKE. F. W.. on coal from Utah. 1893, ii. 356. 

on coke from West Virginia. 1893, ii. 3(54. 

on iron ore from West Virginia. 1893, ii. 316. 

CLARKE, James Crawford, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

CLARKE, J. W., on metal sleepers. 1892, i. 4.')6. 

CLARKE. Q., on methods of working coal. 1894, i. 492. 

CLARKE, T. B. A., on coal-cutting. 1897, i. 4J3. 

CLARKE, T. C, on steel sleepers. 1891, ii. 295. 

CLARKE, W. J., on eastern limits of the Midland coalfield. 1896, ii. 299. 

CLARKSON, Thomas, elected member. 1894. i. 2. 

on sampling coal. 1895. ii. 45.5. 

Paper on "The sampling of iron ores. " 1893, ii. 131 ; importance of 
sampling expeditiously, 131; recent improvements, 132; methods of 
cutting out the .sample, 133 ; s^mipling ship loads. 137. — Diaouaawn: G. J. 
Snelus, 139 ; H. iV. Vezin, 13i) ; the President, 140. 

CLASSEN, A., on separation of nickel from iron. 1891, ii. 328. 

Classification of coal-measures. 1895, ii. 401. 

of coals. 1896, ii. 305. 

of hydrocarbons. 1890, i. 239. 

of iron and steel. 1892. i. 463 ; 1893, i. 388. 

of steel plates. 1893, ii. 600 ; 1894, i. 582. 

Classifying iron ores. 1892, ii. 335. 

CLAUDE, G., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1899, ii. 455. 

GLAUS, Hubert, on the Thale ironworks. 1898. i. 454. 

CLAVENAD, C. book on metallurgy by. 1892, i. 533. 

CLAVIER, A., book on mining by. 1894, i. 649. 

Clay ironstone of England and Wales. 1890, s. v. 121. 



168 GENERAL TND^. 

Clays, fusibility of. 1894, i. 430. 

plasticity of. 1890, ii. 736. 

CLAYTON, W. W., on underground haulage. 1899, ii. 372. 
Cleaning castings. 1890, L 303 ; 1896, i. 429 ; 1898, i. 471. 

coal. 1890, i. 271, 275 ; 1892, i. 389 ; 1893, ii. 418 ; 1896, i. 386. 

tin and teme plates. 1890, ii. 814. 

Clear Creek coal region, Log mountain and. 1891, i. 296. 

CLEEVES, Fbedebick, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

CLEMENT, J. F., on cleaning castings. 1896, i. 430. 

CLEMENTS, on signals used in mines. 1899, i. 339. 

CLEMENTS, J. M., on Crystal Falls iron-bearing district. 1900, ii. 412. 

CLEMINSON, J. L., obituary notice of. 1896, ii. 258. 

CLERC, M., on determination of silicon. 1890, ii. 855. 

on rail sections. 1890, i. 340. 

CLERCY, J. DE, on petroleum deposits of Galicia. 1898, ii. 373 ; 1894, i. 
4(59. 

on petroleum in Auvergne. 1895, i. 333. 

CL£:RE, M. E., on shaft-sinking. 1900, ii. 465. 

CLERK, D. , on efficiency of the large gas-engine. 1898, i. 445. 

CLERK, J. M., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601. 

CLERKE, W. J. B., obituary notice of. 1896, i. 283. 

Cleveland blast-fumace practice, comparison of. 1891, i. 355. 

iron industry. 1893, ii. 428. 

iron ore mining in. 1893, i. 200. 

iron ore, occurrence of gallium in. 1896, ii. 270 ; 1897, ii. 268. 

U.S. A., ironstone. 1890, s. v. 117. 

U.S.A., mine. 1890, s. v. 391. 

CLIFF, J., vote of thanks by. 1898, i. 274. 

CLIFFORD. W., on colliery ventilation. 1897, i. 428 ; 1898, i. 422. 

on safety-lamps. 1898, i. 423. 

Clinton iron ore. 1892, ii. 317. 

CLIPPERTON, R, C, on use of crude petroleum as fuel. 1894, i. 471. 

CLIVE, R., on shaft-sinking. 1899, ii. 367. 

CLOSE, Dr., on boring for petroleum in North America. 1895, i. 335. 

Closed charging apparatus. 1894, i. 526. 

CLOUGH, R, on sinking shafts through quicksands. 1892, i. 345. 

CLOWES, F., book on mining by. 1896, ii. 487. 

on carbonic anhydride in the air. 1894, ii. 369 ; 1895, i. 374. 

on detection of fire-damp. 1892, i. 379; 1893, i. 280, ii. 410; 1894, 

ii. 368 ; 1895, iL 447 ; 1897, ii. 359. 

on safety-lamps. 1891, ii. 223 ; 1893, i. 279. 

on value of sulphate of ammonia from blast-furnaces. 1897, i. 2\i'S. 



CLYMER, E. T., on determination of sulphur. 1893, i. 408. 
on grading of pig iron. 1893, i. 315. 

Coal. 1890, i. 219, ii. 681 : 1891, i. 281, ii. 161) ; 1892, i. 31.3, ii. 349 ; 1893, i. 
219, ii. 341 ; 1894. i. 439, ii. 311 ; 1895, i. 311, ii.401 ; 1896, i. 332, ii. 298, 
483 ; 1897, i. 366, ii. 30i> ; 1898, i. 373, ii. 391 ; 1899, i. .308, ii. 341 ; 1900, i. 
293, ii. 429. 

American, coke from. 1891, i. 304. 

analysis. 1897, i. 580 ; 1898, ii. 563 ; 1899, ii. 492 ; 1900, i. 440. 

apples," anthracite. 1893, ii. 360. 



GENERAL INDEX. 169 

Goal, assay of. 1890, ii. 857. 

basin, Gommentry. 1891, ii. 175. 

basin in North Carolina, Dan River. 1891, i. 295. 

bituminous, cost of raising, in United States. 1890, s. v. 142. 

boring for. 1896, ii. 429. 

briquettes, trade in. 1894, i. 648. 

calorific power of. 1893, ii. 337 ; 1895, ii. 399 ; 1896, i. 327 ; 1897, i. 

362. 

calorific value of. 1893, i. 21(5 ; 1897, ii. 307 ; 1898, i. 371 ; 1899, i. 



306. 

— cannel, in Southern United States. 1890, i. 233. 

— chemistry of. 1891. ii. 169 ; 1899, i. 308. 

— combustion of. 1892, i. 300 ; 1896, i. 329. 

— comparative production of. 1891, i. 480. 

— composition of. 1892, ii. 350. 

— consumption at collieries. 1899, i. 357. 

— consumption in blast-furnaces. 1899, i. 377. 

— conveyer. 1891, ii. 220. 

— copper in. 1890, ii. 695. 

— Creek region, coal-mining in. 1898, ii. 443. 

— Darjiling. 1891, i. 287. 

— deposits near Canadian Pacific Railway. 1892, ii. 357. 

— deposits of Bohemia. 1892, i. 311, ii. 353 ; 1893, ii. 341. 

— deposits of Martos, Spain. 1892, i. 323. 

— deposits of Montana. 1892, i. 327. 
deposits of Styria. 1893. ii. 342. 



deposits of the Transvaal, 1891, i. 286 ; 1892, ii. 359. 

determination of phosphorus in. 1894, i. 620. 

determination of sulphur in. 1890, i. 376 ; 1891, i. 446 ; 1892, i. 496, 

ii. 525. 

dip of, in Illinois. 1895, i. 324. 

distillation products, calorific power of. 1892, i. 309. 

distilling, heat abnorbed in. 1892, ii. 347. 

district, a new. 1892, i. 323. 

dry distillation of. 1892, i. 331. 

efficiency, tests of. 1892, i. 310. 

elements in. 1898, ii. 406. 

flume conveyer for. 1895, ii. 454. 

for artistic purposes. 1898, i. 382. 

formation of. 1890, i. 219. 

from the Cumberland field. 1893, i. 230. 

gases enclosed in. 1892, i. 316. 

geological distribution of. 1890, s. v. 133. 

gold in. 1896, i. 325. 

handling and shipping. 1898, ii. 455. 

in Alabama. 1893, ii. 353. 

in Alaska. 1891, i. 295 ; 1892, i. 325. 

in Alford Forest, New Zealand. 1898, i. 229. 

in Algeria. 1899, ii. 360. 

in Almeria. 1891, ii. 177. 

in Annam. 1890, ii. 689 ; 1891, i. 291 ; 1892, i. 329, ii. 361. 



170 GBHEKAL INDEX. 

Coal, in Argentine Republic. 1890, i. 234 ; 1892, ii. 3Se ; 189S, L 231. 

in Asia Minor. 1B99, ii. 350. 

in Assam. 1896, i. 339. 

in Austrian Silesia, 189S, ii. 313 ; 1899, ii. 313. 

in Baden. 1891, i. 282. 

in Bosnia ami Herzefovina. 1B91, iL 176 ; 1S9S, I 31B, ii. 4ie. 

in Brazil. 1891. i. 2UH 1B96, L 321. 

- — - in British Columbia. 1B90, i. 226 i 1B92, ii. 356 ; 1B99, ii. :)46. 

in Brjncoch. 1898, i. 22a 

in Bulgaria. 1893, iL 345, 

in Burma. 1B90, I!. i!8B ; 1891, i. 2!I0: 1892, ii. 360. 

in California. 1895, i. 324. 

in Canada. 1890, I. 224 ; 1891, ii. 180 ; 1892. i. 324 ; 1B98, i. 220 ; 

1898, i. 5J1 18HH, ii. 346. 

in the Cauca.suv 1898, 1. 224. 

In Chili. 1900, ii. 697. 

■ ■ — in China. 1891, i. 291 ; 1898, i. 282. 

In Colorado. 1891, I 295; 1892, ii. M3 -, 1899, ii. 348. 

in Croatia. 1892, ii. 353. 

in the Donetz basin. 1899, ii. 346. 

in the East. 1898, ii. 337. 

in East Aoglia. 1892. i. 3S0 ; 1895, ii. 404. 

in Ecuador. 1892, ii. 367. 

in the Bifel. 1S98. i. ■221, ii. 346. 

in the Faroe Islands. 1895, i. 319. 

— , — in France. 1B90, ii, 6Ha ; 1892, ii. 353. 537 ; 1B98, ii. 341 ; 1B99, ii 

345. 

in French Congo. 1895, ii. 416. 

in Germany 1900, ii. GOa. 

in Groiit T^riii^^erim Itiitr Lower Barma. 1892, ii. 35U. 

in Guajmas. 1991, i. 29!>. 

in Honduras. 1892, i. ;(29. 

Id Hungary. 1896, i. 315 ; 1899, iL 344. 

io Illinois. 1893. ii. 5E!t. 

in India. 1890, ii. GKT ; 1891, ii. 34U ; 1892, ii. 642 ; 1898, iL 362 ; 189S, 

i. 320. 

in Indiana, tests of. 1892, L 32(i. 

In Iowa 1895. i. 324. 

in Ireland. 1899. ii. 34J. 

in the Isle of Han. 1892, i. 322. 

— — in Japan. 1892, ii. .144 ; 1893, ii. 3.>7. 

in Kent. 1899, ii. 342. 

in Kentuckj 1892, i. :!27. 

in Lower Austria. 1999, ii, 343. 

in MfllaTsiu, 1891. ii. 1H4. 

in Mergui district. 1893, i. 232. 

in Mi'xico. 1891, ii. 1X4 j 1892. i. 331). iL 3(17. 

in Michigan. 1899, ii. :UH. 

■ — in Middlesborough, Ki-ntuckx. 1890, i. -l^iX 
in Natal. 1892, i. 325; 1898," i. 2:;(1. ii. 350. 

in New Caledonia. 1891, L 285 ; 1895, i. .121. 



OENIRAL INDEX. 171 

COAL, in Newfonndland. 1892, L 324 ; 1898, L 226. 

In New Mexico. 1891, i. 298, ii. 180 ; 1892, i. 327. 

in New Soath Wales. 1890, i. 226, ii. 682 ; 1893, iL 350 ; 1896, ii 411 : 

1899, it 346. 

in New Zealand. 1890, ii. 686 ; 1898, il 352 ; 1895, ii. 413 ; 1899, ii. 

347. 

in North Carolina. 1892, ii. 862. 

in North Dakota. 1891, i. 296. 

in Nova Scotia. 1891, i. 465 ; 1900, ii. 597. 

in Patagonia. 1892, i. 329. 

in Persia. 1896, i. 323. 

in Peru. 1892, ii. 368 ; 1893, i. 231. 

in Philippine Islands. 1891, ii. 177. 

in the Pocahontas region. 1892, ii. 363. 

in Poland. 1892, ii. 545 ; 1898, i. 225. 

in Porto Rico. 1899. ii. 350. 

in Queensland. 1890, i. 227 ; 1900, ii. 5iK). 

in Russia. 1890, ii. 876 ; 1891, i. 462 ; 1893. i. 436, ii. 348 ; 1895, ii. 



622 ; 1899, ii. 519 ; 1900, ii. 615. 

— in San Salvador. 1890, i. L>34. 

— in Seftenberg. 1895, i. 317. 

— in Servia. 1891, i. 2S3 ; 1899, ii. 344. 

— in South Africa. 1892, i. 325 ; 1898, ii. 349 ; 1899, ii. 347. 

— in South-East of England. 1890, i. 221. 

— in Southern United States. 1890, s. v. 324. 

— in Spitzbergen. 1892, i. 323. 

— in Staffordshire. 1893, i. 267 ; 1899, i. 308, ii. 341. 

— in Sumatra. 1892, ii. 362 ; 1899, ii. 351. 

— in Sweden. 1890, ii. 877 ; 1891, i. 464. 

— in Texas. 1892, i. 327. 
in Transvaal. 1892, ii. 359. 
in Turkestan. 1892, i. 329. 

in United States. 1891. ii. 181 : 1892, i. 328 ; 1900, ii. 621. 
in Upper Silesia. 1899, ii. 345. 
in UUh. 1898. ii. 356. 

ill Victoria. 1890, i. 227, ii. 686 ; 1891, i. 285 ; 1898, i. 229, ii. 351. 
in Washing^n. 1891, ii. 184. 

in West Virginia. 1890, i. 233 ; 1898. i. 238 ; 1899, ii. 350. 
in Western Australia. 1890, ii. 6H5 ; 1895, ii. 412. 
in Wyoming. 1890, ii. 692. 
in Zuluhind. 1892, i. 325. 

— loading. 1892, i. 384, ii. 421 ; 1893, i. 288 ; 1895, ii. 453 ; 1896, i. 387 ; 
1897, i. 447. 

— loading, bucket for. 1891, ii. 229. 

— - longwall system of working. 1892, ii. 405. 

— - Liihrig process of washing. 1898, i. 287. 

— measures of Tiechlowitz. 1895, i. 314. 

— mechanical screens for. 1890, ii. 730. 

— metamorphism of. 1895. ii. 402. 



- methods of working. 1892, i. 360 ; 1898, ii. 401 ; 1894, i. 491. 

— microscopic examination of. 1892, ii. 349. 



172 GEN£RAL INDEX. 

Coal, New Zealand, occarrence of amberite in. 1890, ii. 687. 

nitrogen in. 1898, i. 381. 

on the Black Sea. 1895, ii. 409. 

outbursts of soft, and gas. 1898, i. 271. 

palaeontology of. 1897, ii. 321. 

prices in Germany. 1899, ii. 508. 

production of Belgium. 1891, ii. 338. 

production of British Columbia. 1890, i. 384. 

production of East Scotland. 1890, i. 380. 

production of Europe. 1892, i. 532. 

production of France. 1890, i. 387, 455 ; 1892, i. 510, ii. 537 ; 1893. 

ii. 548. 
production of Germany. 1892, i. 511. 

production of Illinois. 1890, i. 404. 

production of India. 1895, ii. 618. 

production of Japan. 1890, i. 392. 

production of Queensland. 1892, ii. 528 ; 1894, ii. 502. 

production of Russia. 1892, i. 518. 

-: production of Transvaal. 1897, ii. 536. 

production of the United States. 1890, s. v. 143 ; 1895, i. 543, ii. 625 ; 

1897, ii. 542. 

production of Wyoming. 1890, ii. 886. 

properties of, as fuel. 1895, i. 311. 

Puget Sound. 1890, ii. 692. 

question. 1898, i. 543, ii. 406. 

question in France. 1891, i. 458. 

region, the Flat Top. 1891, i. 298. 

region, the Log Mountain and Clear Creek. 1891, i. 296. 

River Basin, West Virginia. 1893, i. 231. 

sagged. 1893, i. 270. 

screening and picking. 1890, i. 271 ; 1893, i. 285. 

seams, methods of working thick. 1891, ii. 287. 

seams of the Dore Ravine, India. 1891, i. 290. 

separating and washing plant. 1891, i. 348. 

Sharon, of Ohio. 1893, i. 220. 

shipping. 1898, ii. 420 ; 1894, iL 380 ; 1895, i. 384. 

smokeless, in New South Wales. 1891, ii. 179. 

soluble and resinoid constituents of. 1891, i. 281 ; 1892, i. 313, ii. 350 ; 

1893, i. 219. 

South African, tests of. 1892, ii. 358. 

spontaneous combustion of. 1891, i. 338, ii. 171 ; 1892, i. 317, ii. 351 ; 



1893, ii. 416. 

— storage. 1893, ii. 421 ; 1896, i. 388. 

— supplies, world's. 1900, ii. 629. 

— supply, duration of. 1893, i. 448 ; 1900, i. 491. 

— supply of Great Britain. 1900, ii. 589. 

— Swunee seam, Tenne.^see. 1891, ii. 180. 

-- testing the relative values of diflferent. 1890, ii. 670. 

— tests of. 1899, ii. 339. 

— trade in Germany. 1890, i. 389. 

— transport of. 1892, ii. 121 ; 1896, i. 387. 



GENERAL INDEX. 173 

Coal, waste of, in miniDg. 1896, i. 375. 

world's consumption of. 1899, ii. 495 : 1900. i. 486. 

world's production of. 1890, ii. S87, 889 ; 1892, i. 5.30, ii. 551 ; 1898, i. 

445, ii. 669 ; 1894, i. G47, ii. r»;W ; 1896, i. 545. ii. f;27 ; 1898, i. 5W) ; 1900, 

i. 485, ii. 623. 
Coal-ash, fusibility and coi7i|)Osition of. 1895, ii. 408 ; 1898, i. 881. 

Coal basin of the North of France. 1894, ii. 810. 

Coal-breaking works at Drifton and Crosscreek collieries. 1890, ii. 731. 

COALBBOOKDALE fumaces. 1895, ii. 484. 

C0AL-CUTTIN(J machinery. 1890. i. 2:)0, 2i\l. ii. 202 : 1892. i. 858, ii. 405 : 1893. 
i. 266, ii. 3% ; 1894, i". 4i>4. ii. 8tJ2 ; 1895, i. 8(;(), ii. 441 : 1896, i. 375 ; 1897, 
i. 423, ii. 354 ; 1898, i. 410. ii. 485 ; 1899. i. 844, ii. 874 ; 1900, i. 82/, ii. 
471. 

COAL-DRILLB. 1897, ii. 351 ; 1898, ii. 485 ; 1899, i. 344. 

Coal-dust. 1898, ii. 415 ; 1895, i. 8(34, ii. 4 1K ; 1896, ii. 338. 

and high explosives. 1896, i. 3si. 

briquettes. 1897, i. 44 K. 

effect of, in colliery explosions. 1891, i. 335. 

in mines. 1891, i. 335 ; 1894, i. 503, ii. 370; 1897, i. 482, ii. 3r,l. 

in mines, explosions of. 1891, ii. 228 ; 1892, i. 381. 

microscopic examination of, after explosions. 1890, i. 2<>5. 

utilisation of. 1890, i. 235 ; 1896, ii. 845. 

Coalfield adjoining Barn.^ley. 1891, i. 282. 

Belgian. 1896, i. 316. 

Bengal. 1896, i. 340. 

bituminous, of Pennsylvania. 1892, ii. 8t)4. 

Calaf. 1891, ii. 176. 

Choctow. 1890, i. 282, ii. r,91. 

Donetz. 1892, ii. 854. 

eastern limits of the Midland. 1895, i. 811. 

Herach-e, in Asiatic Turkey. 1893, i. 282. 

Kent. 1891, ii. 174 ; 1892,' i. .321. 

Lakadong, India. 1890, i. 281. 

Lanarkshire. 1893, i. 220. 

Middlesboroujjh, Kentucky. 1891, i. 21»7. 

Midland. 1890, ii. r,s2. 

new Spanish. 1896, i. 838. 

North Staffordshire. 1890, i. 224. 

Ostrau. 1890. ii. 862. 

Pennsylvania. 1893, i. 280, ii. 855. 

Pictou. 1891, i. Jsn. 

Kesicza-DoDian, geology of. 1892, ii. 3."»2. 

Rhenish Westphalian. 1891, ii. 175. 

Ruhr. 1892, ii. 416 ; 1893, i. 221 ; 1896. i. 3.16. 

Saar district. 1891, ii. 175. 

Saarbriicken, working of adjacent seams in. 1893, i. 269. 

Sabero. 1893, i. 224. 

Somersetshire. 1892, i. ,320. 

South Ayrshire. 1896, i. 835. 

South Steffordshire. 1892. i. 318. 

South Yorkshire. 1890, i. 223, ii. 681 ; 1896, i. 334. 

Wyre Forest. 1896, ii. 405 ; 1896, i. 884. 



174 GENERAL INDEX. 

Ck>ALFiELDS of Alabama. 1891, i 293. 

of Australasia. 1891, ii. 178. 

of England and Wales. 1896. i. 332. 

of France and England. 1896, i. 335. 

of Gard, mining in. 1892, ii. 416. 

of Great Britain, duration of. 1892, i. 501. 

of Malaysia. 1892, ii. 361. 

of Montana. 1898, i. 229, 

of Natal. 1890, ii. 688 ; 1892. ii. 358. 

of New Caledonia. 1892, ii. 368. 

of New South Wales. 1891, ii. 177 ; 1893, i. 227. 

of Northern Shan States. 1891, I 291. 

of South Africa. 1890, i. 228 ; 1891, i. 286. 

of Texas. 1890, ii. 690 ; 1891, i. 298 ; 1895, ii. 415. 

of United States. 1890, s. v. 128. 

of Upper Silesia. 1891, ii. 175. 

of West Virginia. 1893, il 356. 

of the world. 1895, ii. 404. 

Coal-gas, composition of. 1893, i. 249. 
COAL-HKADING by Stanley machine. 1893. ii. 396. 
COAL-LOWEBING apparatus. 1890, ii. 729. 
Coal-measures, classification of. 1895, ii. 401. 

correlation of. 1895, ii. 402. 

depth to productive. 1896, i. 333. 

of Clarence basin, New South Wales. 1892, ii. 356. 

of Leen Valley. 1895, i. 312. 

of Southern England. 1894, ii. 312. 

Coal-miners, wages of French. 1891, i. 457. 

Coal-mines, accidents in. 1891, i. 457. 

average depth of. 1890, i. 246. 

in North Japan. 1891, ii. 351. 

on the Lower Danube. 1890, i. 224. 

COAL-MINING. 1890, i. 246. ii. 708 ; 1891, i. 315, ii. 20O; 1892, i. 344, ii. 392 ; 
1893. i. 251. ii. 400 ; 1894, i. 479, ii. 347 ; 1895, i. 345, ii. 429 ; 1896, i. 366. 
ii. 321 ; 1897, i. 407, 125. ii. 340 ; 1898, i. 402, ii. 428 ; 1899, i. 335, ii. 366 : 
1900, i. 320, li. 462. 

at Warora. 1890, i. 240. 

economics of. 1897, i. 438. 

liistory of. 1891, i. 229 ; 1897, i. 433, il 362 ; 1898, ii. 449 ; 1899. ii. 

;{«5 ; 1900, ii. 481. 

in Alabama. 1893, i. 270. 

in Bosnia. 1893, iL 545. 

in British Columbia. 1891, i. 284. 

in Canada. 1892. ii. 418 ; 1893, ii. 401. 

in Chili. 1890, ii. 861. 

in China. 1891, i. 314.; 1892, ii. 418. 

in Holland. 1900, i. 400. 

in India. 1892, i. 385 ; 1893, ii. 552. 

in Indiana. 1891, i. 474. 

in Jai)an. 1895, i. 534 ; 1898, i. 564. 

in Korea. 1898, i. 553. 



GENERAL INDEX. 175 

COAL-MINIHO in New ZealaDd. 1891, i. 450 ; 1892, i. 502. 

in Oregon. 1890, ii. 693. 

in Qaeensland. 1898, ii. 403 ; 1896, i. 597 ; 1900, i. 448. 

in Saxony. 1892, ii. 417. 

in Servia. 1890, ii. 689 ; 1895, i. 815. 

in Tasmania. 1900, i. 448. 

in the Transvaal. 1895, i. 376. 

inclines or shafts for. 1892, ii. 394. 

oldest record of. 1895, i. 378. 

safety in. 1891, ii. 227. 

wages and number employed in. 1894. ii. 502. 

waste in. 1893, ii. 397. 

CoAL-tfCBEKNING. 1890, i. 275; 1892. i. 38U ; 1893, ii. 418; 1894, i. 510, ii. 
375 ; 1897, i. 440 ; 1898, ii. 451 ; 1899, i. 364, ii. 392 ; 1900, i. 343. 

at Poynton colliery. 1891, ii. 230. 

plant. 1890, i. 277 ; 1892, ii. 419. 

Coal-seams by longwall, working thick. 1890, ii. 716. 

mining thin, in Missouri and Kansas. 1892, i. 361. 

origin of. 1898, i. 381. 

CoAL-T£STiNO by Rontgen rays. 1898, ii. 400. 

Coal-tipping devices. 1890, ii. 728, 721) ; 1892. ii. 421 ; 1895, ii. 454. 

COAL-WASllliK. 1890, i. 278, ii. 727. 

the Campbell. 1893, i. 2^7. 

C0AL-\V.VSU1N0. 1890, i. 271, ii. 727 ; 1891, i. .MR, ii. 230 ; 1892. i. 387, ii. 419 ; 
1893, i. 285, ii. 155 ; 1894. i. 510. ii. 375 ; 1895, i. 379, ii. 452 ; 1896, i. 386, 
ii. 343 ; 1897, i. 440, 445, ii. 306 ; 1898, i. 42S, ii. 451 ; 1899, i. 364, ii. 392 ; 
1900. i. 343, ii. 484. 

and briquette plant for Asia Minor. 1892, i. :J01. 

at Louisenthal. 1891, ii. 231. 

iu Tennessee. 1893. i. 288. 

Liihrig process. 1893, i. 287. 

plant at Brookwoo<i, Alabama. 1893, i. 287. 

plant at Dortmund. 189,"), ii. 452. 

plant at Kesicza. 1896. ii. 453. 

plants. 1891, i. 34'>, ii. 231 ; 1892, i. 390, ii. 41 J). 

Coating for iron, rust-proof. 1892. ii. 471>. 

iron with tar. 1892, ii. 480. 

steel with copper. 1892. ii. 479. 

Cobalt, determination of. 1893, i. 4 J 4. 

in manganese ores, determination of. 1892, i. 41M. 

iron and nickel, separation of. 1891, i. 442. 

CoBARON mines. 1896, ii. 78. 

COCHRANE, Charles, obituary notice of. 1898, i. 314. 

on pyrometers. 1893, i. 123. 

Paper on **The relative merits of limestone and lime in blast-furnace 
practice," 1898, i. 69; results of comparison made in 1896 1»7, 69 ; .sum- 
mary of comparison, 71 ; salient points of diiference, 72 ; Huinmary of gains 
■ and losses, 82 ; reference table, «7. — Viacussion: Sir L. Bell, 89 ; C. Wood, 
89 ; E. Windsor Richards, 91 ; U. Marshall, 91. 

COCHRANE, W., on ventilating fans. 1892, i. 374. 

Cockkbill Company, blast furnaces of. 1891, ii. 236. 

collieries of. 1891, ii. 229. 



176 GENERAL INDEX. 

CocKERiLL Company, manufacture of coke by. 1891, ii. 191. 

steelworks of. 1891, ii. 279. 1894, ii. 259. 

CODRON. C, book on metallurgy by. 1897, i. 627 ; 1898, ii. 599. 

COE, W. W., on loading coal. 1892^ ii. 421. 

COFFIN. B. H., on a rust-proof process. 1890, i. 349. 

COFFIN, C. L., on electric welding. 1890. ii. 812. 

COFFIN, W. C, on hotblast stoves. 1893, i. 305. 

Cogging mill at Phoenix. 1890, s. v. 284. 

COHEN, E. W., book on metallurgy by. 1899, i. 506. 

on meteorites. 1893, i. 195 ; 1894, ii. 292 ; 1896, i. 289 ; 1897, i. 345, 

ii. 278, 279 ; 1898. i. 353, ii. 368-871 ; 1899. i. 291, 292, 293 ; 1900, i. 279, 

ii. 41f», 416. 
on occurrence of iron carbide. 1898, i. 352. 



COHEN, E. W., and E. WEINSCHENK. on Toluca meteoric iron. 1892. 

i. 284. 
COHEN, J. B., on determination of sulphur. 1890, i. 371. 
COIGN ARD, M., on coal from the Gard. France. 1897, ii. 312. 
COKE. G. E., on boring at Apperknowle. 1896, i. 334. 
on Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire coalfield. 1896. ii. 298. 

Coke. 1890. i. 235, ii. 696; 1891, 1 301, ii. 187 ; 1892, i. 331, ii. 371 : 189a i. 
236, ii. 362 ; 1894, i. 455, ii. 334 ; 1896, i. 328, ii. 418 ; 1896, i. 347, ii. 307, 
482 ; 1897, i. 387, ii. 323 ; 1898, i. 382, ii. 409 ; 1899, i. 322, ii. 352 ; 1900, 
i. 303, il 444. 

Alabama. 1893, i. 237. 

analysis. 1897, i. 580, ii. 511 ; 1898, i. 540. 

at Bilbao. 1894. ii. 524. 

Austrian. 1893, i. 236. 

blast-furnaces, blowing-in large. 1891, ii. 233. 

breeze as fuel. 1891, ii. 191. 

bricks in the blast-furnace. 1890, i. 287. 

briquettes. 1898, ii. 456. 

cost of production of, in the United States. 1892, i. 336. 

crushing plant. 1893, ii. 371. 

determination of phosphorus in. 1894, i. 620. 

drawers, mechanical. 1893. i. 239 ; 1896, ii. .309. 

drawing. 1890, ii. 699 ; 1892, i. 331. 

firing. 1897, ii. 328. 

from American coal. 1891, i. 304. 

from Connellsville coal. 1893. i. 238. 

from Kentucky coal. 1890. i. 23() ; 1892, i. 335 ; 1898. i. 237. 

from New South Wales. 1892, ii. 371. 

from Silver Hill colliery. 1892, i. 334. 

from West Virginia. 1893. ii. 364. 

in blast-furnaces, use of. 1893. i. 294. 



in Colorado. 1890, ii. 696. 

in Dortmund mining district. 1897, ii. 529. 

in Germany. 1898, ii. 581. 

in New South Wales Smelting Works. 1893, ii. 364. 

in the United States. 1891, i. 301 ; 1897, ii. 324. 

in Virginia. 1891, i. 304 ; 1892. ii. 372. 

in Western Kentucky. 1891, i. 302. 

industry of Alabama. 1891, i. 302. 



GENERAL INDEX. 177 



GOKB indnitry of the Continent. 1890, ii. 888. 

making in Durham. 1895, ii. 419. 

making in South Australia. 1891, i. 301. 



- making in Western Kentucky. 1890, ii. 697. 

- manufacture. 1892, ii. 372 ; 1893, ii. 365 ; 1894, ii. 211 ; 1899, L 327. 

- manufacture by the Gockerill Company. 1891, ii. 191. 

- manufacture in Bilbao. 1897, L 392. 

- manufacture in New South Wales. 1898, ii. 362. 

- manufacture in New Zealand. 1898, i. 237. 

- manufacture in Spain. 1891, ii. 191 : 1894, i. 458. 

- manufacture, new departure in. 1895, i. 332. 

- manufacture of anthracite. 1892, i. 336. 

- New River, Eanawaka and Virginia. 1892, i. 335. 
-> physical properties of furnace. 1891, ii. 187. 

- production in the Connellsville district. 1890. i. 404 ; 1891, i. 473. 

- production in France. 1900, !. 45(>. 

- production in Germany. 1900. i. 4G2. 

- production in the United States. 1898, ii. 594. 

- region, the Connellsville. 1890, s. ▼. 436, 437 ; 1898, i. 443. 

- sulphur in. 1891. ii. 187. 

- trade, the Connellsville. 1892, i. 526. 



Coke-oven, Adams. 1890, ii. 700. 

appliances. 1899, i. 32S. 

Bauer. 1890, ii. 698. 

beehive. 1890, ii. 700. 

Brunck. 1895, i. 332. 

by-products. 1892, ii. 376 ; 1897, i. 392 ; 1898, ii. 413. 

gas for illuminating purposes. 1900, i. 307. 

Lares. 1890, ii. 698. 

Lurmann. 1890, ii. 698. 

new forms of. 1890, ii. 699 ; 1892, ii. 374. 

Otto. 1898, i. 238. 

plant. 1890, ii. 699. 

plant in Tennessee. 1893. i. 238. 

plant near Dombrau. 1899, ii. 355. 

plant of Concordia colliery. 1900, ii. 444. 

plant of Pratt mines, Alabama. 1891, i. 302. 

Semet-Solvay. 1890, ii. 697 ; 1892, i. 333, ii. 373 ; 1896. i. 332. 

SimonCarvds. 1891, i. .304. 

Strachan. 1894, i. 466. 

Thomas. 1893, i. 238. 

COKE-OVBNS. 1896, i. 349 ; 1897, i. 391, ii. 323 ; 1898, ii. 409. 

at Blanzy collieries. 1894, i. 466. 

at Wharncliflfe Silkstone colliery. 1899, ii. 254. 

gases from. 1893, i. 240 ; 1896, ii. 418 ; 1897, i. 391 ; 1899, i. 132. 

improvements in. 1891, i. 305 ; 1892, i. 332. 

in Birmingham district, U.S.A. 1890, ii. 886. 

in Pas-de-Calais. 1891, ii. 190. 

modem. 1896, ii. 420. 

Otto-Hoffmann and Hussener. 1895, i. 328. 

Simon-Carv^, at Bilbao, Spain. 1892, ii. 31. 

M 



178 GENERAL INDEX. 

GOKB-ovBNS, utiliBEtioD of gas from. 1895, i 328, ii. 419. 

utilisiDg the waste heat from. 1890, ii. 701 ; 1891, i. 305. 

COKER, B. G., on endnraDce of steel bars. 1899, i. 433. 

Coking at Lake Superior. 1891, i. 302. 

in beehive ovens. 1898, i. 387. 

in by-product ovens. 1898, L 44. 

in the Saar district. 1890, i. 235. 

in the United States. 1898, i. 579. 

of Indian coal. 1899, ii. 367. 

of non-caking coals. 1899, i. 323. 

plant in Nova Scotia. 1894, i, 466. 

power of coaL 1896, i. 348. 

process. 1894, i. 458. 

processes, improvements in. 1898, i. 386. 

recent progress in. 1894, i. 457. 

under pressure. 1892, ii. 375. 

COLBURN, L. G., on heating power of Wyoming petroleum. 1895, ii. 425. 

GOLBT, Albebt Ladd : — 

Paper on "American standard specifications and methods of testing 
iron and steel," 1900, ii. 215 ; historical introduction, 215 ; processes of 
manufacture specified, 217 ; chemical properties specified, 219 ; physical 
properties specified, 221 ; test-pieces and methods of testing specified, 
226 ; variation of weight, 235 ; finish, 235 ; branding, 235 ; inspection, 
236.— Z>aci««<m : C. B. Dudley, 237 ; R. A. Hadfield, 238 ; A. Greiner, 239 ; 
E. P. Martin, 239 ; the President, 240 ; A. L. Golby, 240.— Correjpomieticf ; 
C. P. Sandberg, 241. 

elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

on copper in steel. 1897, i. 642 ; 1900, i. 412. 

on forg^ngs. 1897, i. 641. 

on gauges. 1897, i. 553. 

on iron and phosphorus. 1900, ii. 146. 

on metallography. 1898, 1 501. 

on metallurgical analysis. 1899, ii. 480. 

on sampling of pig iron for analysis. 1898, ii. 554. 

on steel failures. 1897, i. 642. 

on steel rails. 1900, ii. 562. 

on testing metals. 1900, ii. 555. 

Colby Mine. 1890, s. v. 234. 

COLCHKSTEB, foundry shops at. 1898, i. 472. 

Cold, effect of, on steel. 1890, ii. 824 ; 1898, ii. 490. 

extreme, the influence of, on ingot iron. 1892, ii. 487. 

influence of, on iron and steel. 1896, i. 496. 

process galvanisation. 1892, i. 460 ; 1899, ii. 449. 

saw cutting-oflF machines. 1891, i. 415. 

short," and " red-short." 1890, i. 362. 

COLD-BEND test. 1894, ii. 452. 
COLD-BENDiNG tests with ingot iron. 1892, i. 471. 

COLDWELL-HORSFALL. Henby HEitBERT, elected member. 1899. ii. 5. 
COLE, G. A. J., book on mining by. 1890, ii. 891. 

on bauxite. 1898, i. 365. 

COLE, T. F., on winding appliances. 1896, ii. 287. 

COLE, W. H.. on metallic sleepers for railways. 1894, ii. 434, 



GENERAL INDEX. 179 

COLBM AN, A. P., on coal in Ontario. 1897, i. 382. 

on iron ore in Ontario. 1896, ii. 272. 

COLEMAN, William Wuebleb, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 
Collection of ammonia from blast-furnace gases. 1892, ii. 432. 

of benzene on coking coal. 1894, i. 463. 

COLLIEBIEB, accidents from blasting in. 1892, i. 358. 

Bairnelo, Spain. 1891, ii. 177. 

Belgian, steel trucks in. 1892, ii. 398. 

Bohemian, wages in. 1892, ii. 533. 

Continental. 1897, i. 435. 

Crosscreek, machinery for handling and preparing coal at. 1890, ii. 

731. 

damping the air in. 1891, i. 335. 

depth of. 1891, ii. 200. 

description of. 1900, ii. 483. 

disposal of waste at. 1895, i. 375. 

Dos Agoas, 1891, ii. 177. 

duration of existing, in Germany. 1890, i. 390. 

explosives used at the Anzin. 1890, ii. 717. 

freeing from water. 1894, ii. 3G4. 

improvements in the mechanical engineering of. 1890, ii. 708. 

in Great Britain. 1897, i. 484, il 364 ; 1898, ii. 451 ; 1899, ii. 388 : 



1900, i. 340. 

— in Spain. 1900, i. 342. 

— in Tonkin. 1896, ii. 450. 

— lavatories at Dortmund. 1894, ii. 371. 

— Laviana. 1892, ii. 355. 

— laying the dust in. 1891, ii. 228. 

— Levant du Flena, screens at. 1892, i. 388. 

— lighting of. 1891, i. 340 ; 1899, ii. 384 ; 1900, i. 338, ii. 480. 

— the Lin-si, China. 1892, i. 330. 

— Maries, winding at. 1892, ii. 31)4. 

— mechanical ventilation of. 1890, i. 264. 

— mine water from. 1894, ii. 365. 

— of Soci^t^ Cockerill. 1891, ii. 229. 

— of Vancouver Island. 1892, ii. 357. 

— prohibiting shot firing in. 1895, ii. 440. 

— rescue appliances for. 1899, ii. 384 ; 1900, ii. 481. 

— Stanton Ironworks Company's. 1892, i. 386. 

— State supervision of. 1894, ii. 53*2. 

— steam pipes for. 1890, i. 254. 

— steel structures for. 1895, ii. 433. 

— timbering in. 1890, ii. 719. 

— ventUation of. 1897, i. 428 ; 1898, i. 422 ; 1899, ii. 381 ; 1900, i. 333. 



ii. 478. 

wages in French. 1891, ii. 341. 



COLLISBT accidents. 1900, i. 487. 

Alfreton. 1892, i. 386. 

Bascoup, screening plant at. 1892, i. 387. 

Bascoup, winding and hauling plant at. 1892, i. 346. 

Brandeisl-Kladno, Bohemia. 1890, i. 249. 



180 GENERAL INDEX. 

COLLIEBT cages. 1896, ii. 323. 

depreciation. 1891, ii. 227. 

explosions. 1892, i. 882 ; 1896, i. 872 ; 1896, ii. 336 ; 1897, i. 431, ii. 360 ; 

1898, ii. 448. 

explosions, coal dust and. 1891, i. 235, ii. 228. 

explosions, prevention of. 1895, i. 368. 

Havr^, Belgium. 1892, i. 386. 

International, Cape Breton. 1892, i. 384. 

Karwin, Austria. 1892, i. 322. 

Earwin, pumping at. 1891, i. 328. 

Newton, coal boring at. 1891, i. 318. 

Poynton, coal screening at. 1891, ii. 230. 

pump valves, gutta-percha for. 1891, i. 329. 

spoil banks. 1895, ii. 455. 

surface works. 1895, i. 382. 

waggon wheels, friction of. 1890, i. 255. 

waggons. 1891, ii. 209 ; 1895, i. 353. 

winding ropes. 1890, i. 254. 

Wingate Grange, winding engine at. 1891, i. 327. 



COLLIN, J., on coal mining in Belgium. 1899, i. 350. 

Collin system of coking. 1898, i. 389, ii. 417. 

COLLING WOOD, W. G., on wrought iron. 1897, ii. 414. 

COLLINS, J. H., book on mining bj. 1894, i. 650. 

Cologne district, brown coal in. 1900, ii. 437. 

Colombia, coal in. 1894, i. 452 ; 1896, i. 343 ; 1897. ii. 321 ; 1898, i. 380, ii. 

403. 

manganese ore in. 1897, i. 349 ; 1898, ii. 364. 

COLOMER, F., book on mining by. 1899, i. 507. 

on burning finely divided coal. 1895, ii. 455. 

Colonial collieries. 1899, ii. 388 ; 1900, i. 341. 

Colorado, coal in. 1891, i. 295; 1892, ii. 363; 1898, ii. 400; 1899, ii. 

348. 

coke in. 1890, ii. 690. 

fireclay in. 1897. ii. 299. 

iron industry of. 1894, i. 64(5. 

iron ore resources of. 1890, i. 197. 

iron ores in. 1890, ii. G61 ; 1891, i. 257. 

manganese ore in. 1891, i. 257 ; 1900, i. 281. 

natural gas in. 1891, ii. 194 ; 1899, ii. 364. 

petroleum in. 1899, ii. 361. 

COLORE, Louis, on natural gas in China. 1891, ii. 196. 
COLORIMETRIC determination of iron. 1894. i. 617. 

determination of phosphorus. 1891, i. 435. 

Colour gauges for carbon testing. 1894, ii. 157. 

oxidation of the surface of metals. 1890, i. 3(>1. 

Colours of heated steel. 1900, i. 410. 

COLQUHOUN, J., obituary notice of. 1894, i. 390. 

COLQUHOUN,W., on American iron and steel industries. 1900, s. v. 225. 

. on blast-furnace practice in the United States. 1892, i. 399. 

on manufacture of briquette fuel. 1894, ii. 378. 

on modern practice in the chemistry of iron. 1895, ii. 680. 



GENERAL INDEX. 181 

COLQUHOUN, W. {eontinued)— 

Paper on " The new hot-blast valve," 1896, ii. 203 ; importance of with- 
standing high temperatares, 203; description of the valve, 204. — Dii- 
cu»$um : E. Windsor Richards, 206 ; J. S. Jeans, 206. — Oorrespondenee : W. 
Perrot, 206. 

Columbia College. 1890, s. v. 407. 

Columns, cast iron. 1898, i. 514. 

COLVILLE, Abchibald, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

COLVILLE, David, on tilcing open-hearth furnaces. 1899, i. 78. 

COLTER, F., book on mining by. 1900, ii. 631. 

COMBALOT, on undergroand haulage. 1896, ii. 325. 

Combined Bessemer and puddling process. 1899, ii. 443. 

CoMBUSTlBLB gases, calorific power of. 1894, i. 438. 

Combustion, behaviour of coal during. 1892, 1 309. 

of carbon in air. 1893, i. 207. 

of coal. 1896, i. 329. 

of coal, spontaneous. 1891, i. 338 ; 1892, i. 317, ii. 351. 

of explosives, products of. 1891, ii. 204. 

of gunpowder. 1893, i. 262. 

of tuyere level. 1893, i. 295. 

CoMiT^ Central des Houilleres de France, Year-book of. 1900, ii. 631. 

COMMANS, R. E., on screening and cleaning coal. 1894, ii. 375. 

on wire ropeways. 1897, ii. 293. 

COMMELLI, F., on an alloy of antimony and iron. 1892, ii. 508. 

Commbntby coal basin. 1891, ii. 175. 

Comminution of iron ores. 1892, ii. 336. 

Committee on steel rails. 1896. i. 10. 

Committees, general and local, in the United States. 1890, s. v. 493. 

Communication between winding engine and cage. 1891, ii. 212. 

Comparative evaporating efficiency of coke and brown coal. 1899, i. 307. 

fusibility of foundry iron. 1897, ii. 408. 

imports and exports. 1895, ii. 621». 

tables. 1890, i. 405, ii. 887 ; 1891. i. 4«0, ii. 364 ; 1892, i. 530, ii. 551 ; 

1898, i. 445, ii. 559 ; 1894, i. 647, ii. 533 ; 1895, i. 545, ii. 627 ; 1896. i. 670, 
ii. 484 ; 1897, i. 622, ii. 543 : 1898, i. 580, ii. 595 ; 1899, i. 503, ii. 525 ; 1900, 
i. 485, ii. 623. 

value of boiler plates. 1890, ii. 339. 



Comparison of British and American railways. 1890, s. v. 53-64. 

of electricity and compressed air. 1890, i. 258. 

Competition of Great Britain and the United States. 1890, s. v. 204.* 
Composition of armour-plate.s. 1899, i. 463. 

of blast-furnace slag. 1892, i. 406. 

of British coals. 1900, ii. 433. 

of coal gas. 1893, 1 249. 

of fuels. 1891, ii. 169 ; 1892, ii. 350. 

of Hungarian coal. 1895, i. 315. 

of iron ore. 1898, i. 334. 

of manganese orea 1890, ii. 663. 

of natural gas. 1894, ii. 344. 

of petroleum. 1892, iu 380 ; 1897, ii. 330. 

of pig iron. 1894, i. 529. 

of samples, irregularity in. 1896, ii. 439. 



182 GENSRAL INDEX. 

Composition of steel, changes in, daring mechanical treatment. 1892, ii. 506. 

of sulphur petroleum. 1895. ii. 423. 

plugs. 1891, i. 368. 

G9MPOUND air compressors and motors. 1891, ii. 220. 

pumping engine. 1891, i. 328. 

Compounds, gaseous, with iron.^ 1896, i. 523. 

isolated from steel. 1900, ii. 571. 

Compressed air. 1897, i. 416. 

air at Blanzj collieries. 1894, i. 490. 

air, comparison of electricity and. 1890, i. 258. 

air in rolling mills. 1898, ii. 489. 

air locomotives. 1896, i. 351, ii. 434 ; 1898, i. 405. 

air tools. 1899, ii. 420. 

air, use of. in the foundry. 1896, ii. 485 ; 1896, ii. 362. 

gas cylinders. 1896, i. 518, ii. 418. 

Compression of steel, cubic. 1890, ii. 826. 

strength of steel in. 1890, i. 360. 

COMSTOCK, T. B., on fuels of Central Texas. 1890, ii. 691. 
Concentration at Bilbao. 1896, ii. 49. 

magnetic, at the Michigamme mine. 1890, ii. 672. 

of Irish iron ores. 1893, L 205. 

of iron ore. 1890, i. 211. ii. 670 ; 1891, ii. 162. 

of iron ore, magnetic. 1891, i. 272, ii. 160 ; 1893, ii. 330. 



Concretions from coal-measures. 1898, ii. 360. 

COND^, iron ore from. 1894, ii. 277. 

Condition of blast-furnaces in the United States. 1890, i. 400 ; 1891, i. 468, ii. 356. 

of iron and steel industries of the United States. 1899, ii. 524. 

of miners in Hungary. 1891, i. 453. 

of phosphorus in steel. 1897, ii. 492. 

of silicon and aluminium in iron. 1891, ii. 319. 

of silicon and chromium in steel. 1899, i. 453. 

Conditions for structural iron and steel construction. 1898, ii. 501. 
CONDRON, T. L., on boiler steel. 1897, i. 544. 

on tests of open -hearth steel plates. 1898, ii. 535. 

Conductivity of fire-brick. 1896, ii. 292. 

of iron, thermal. 1896, i. 493. 

Conductors, electric, for mines. 1892, ii. 411. 
Congo Basin, iron industry of the. 1895, ii. 492. 

iron ore in the. 1895, i. 287 ; 1898, ii. 366. 

iron manufacture on. 1898, ii. 486. 

Congress at Chicago. 1893, ii. 180. 

on methods of testing. 1896, ii. 310 ; 1897, ii. 251. 

CONLEY, N. R., on the Conley direct reduction process. 1893, i. 347. 
Conley-Lancaster reduction process. 1890, i. 305. 
Connecticut, Farrel Foundry. 1891, ii. 253. 
Connellsville coal, coke from. 1893, i. 238. 

coke trade. 1892, i. 526. 

district. 1890. s. v. 137 ; 1893, i. 143. 

district, coke works in. 1896, ii. 308. 

district, production of coke in. 1890. i. 404 ; 1891, i. 473. 



GENIRAL INDEX. 183 

CONNOR, 0., on Tentilation of mines. 1896, ii. 334 ; 1900, ii. 479. 
OOHBSTT Iron Ck>mpany, Limited. 1898, ii. 193. 
GONSOLIDATBD Gas Company's Works. 1890, s. ▼. 406. 
CONSOUDATING water strata. 1891, ii. 201. 
OOHBTITUENTS of coal. 1891, i. 281. 

of coal, soluble and resinoid. 1892, i. 313. 

Constitution of petroleum. 1890, i. 236. 

of steel. 1890, ii. 830 ; 1899, ii. 223. 

Constitutional causes of tendency to fracture in iron. 1899, i. 437. 
CONSTBUCTION and management of cupolas. 1898, ii. 446. 

modem blast-furnace. 1890, ii. 744. 

of a dam. 1900, ii. 418. 

of rolling-mnis. 1892, i. 419. 

Consumption of iron in Germany. 1895, ii. 614. 

of iron in the United Kingdom and the United States. 1890, s. ▼. 30. 

of iron on a railway. 1893, i. 444. 

of rails in France. 1892, i. 511 ; 1894, i. 632. 

of wire rods in the United States. 1890, ii. 886. 

Continuous charcoal kiln. 1897, ii. 322 ; 1898, ii. 407. 

open -hearth process. 1900, i. 33, ii. 526. 

rolling-mill plant. 1900, i. 373. 

rolling-mills. 1899, i. 399. 

Contraction and strength of cast iron. 1895, ii. 552. 

in iron castings. 1896, i. 510. 

CONTRERAS, A., book on mining by. 1899, ii. 531. 

on Spanish statistics. 1899, i. 497. 

Control of silicon in pig iron. 1892, i. 403. 
Controlling Cowper stoves. 1891, i. 360. 
Converter bottoms, machine for. 1892, i. 433. 

Cambier. 1896, i. 454. 

linings, dolomite for. 1890, i. 217. 

slag. 1890, ii. 793. 

Tropenas. 1896, ii. 384. 

Converters, basic linings for. 1890, i. 217 ; 1892, i. 307. 

lining Bessemer. 1894, i. 556. 

manufacture of steel in small. 1892, i. 431. 

recent small Bessemer. 1898, i. 490. 

Conveyor, coal. 1891, ii. 229. 

for hot ores from roasting furnaces. 1891, ii. 163. 

Convict labour in mines. 1897, i. 618. 

mine, Tennessee. 1894, ii. 374. 

COOK, E. S., on American blast-furnaces. 1890, ii. 42. 

on blast-furnace management. 1898, ii. 467. 

on casting machinery. 1899, ii. 400. 

on slips and explosions in the blast-furnace. 1899, ii. 398. 

on unreduced ore passing through a blast-furnace. 1890, i. 282. 

COOK, K. A., on a mechanical coke-drawer. 1896, ii. 309. 

on saving of by-products. 1896, ii. 310. 

COOKE, C, on mine drainage. 1900, iL 478. 

COOKSEY, T., on basic sulphate of iron from Queensland. 1896, ii, 275. 



184 GENERAL INDEX. 

COOESEY, T., on recent researches on meteorites. 1898, ii. 369. 
COOLET, M. B., on metallurgical education in Canada. 1897, ii. 522. 
Cooling blast-fnmaces. 1898, i. 291 ; 1896, i. 405 ; 1899, i. 370. 

curves for cast iron. 1895, ii. 227. 

curves for iron and its alloys. 1895, ii. 550. 

hot-blast valves. 1894, ii. 387. 

plates for blast-furnace boshes. 1897, ii. 385. 

COOMARA-SWAMY, A. K., on graphite in Ceylon. 1900, ii. 427. 
COOPER, Abthub, award of Bessemer gold medal to. 1892, i. 6. 

elected Member of Council. 1894, i. 9. 

on experiments with basic steel. 1892, i. 56. 

Paper on " Metal mixers as used at the works of the North-Eastern 

Steel Co., Ltd.," 1895, i. 66.— Ducutnon ; D. Evans, 71 ; A. Carnegie, 71 ; 

E. P. Martin, 72 ; W. Whitwell, 72 ; H. Le Neve Foster, 73 ; J. Massenez, 

74 ; G. J. Snelus, 74 ; E. Windsor Richards, 75 ; A. Cooper, 72, 75.— 

Correspondence : W. Deighton, 76. 
COOPER, Abthub Hbnby, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 
COOPER, A. S., book on mining by. 1900, L 494. 

on asphalt in California. 1900, ii. 457. 

on origin of petroleum. 1900, i. 308. 

on petroleum in California. 1898, ii. 421. 

COOPER, B. W., on winding engines. 1898, i. 253. 

COOPER, E. E., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

COOPER, J., on a new casting-machine for blast-furnaces. 1899, ii. 61. 

on fire-damp. 1898, i. 424. 

COOPER, M., elected member. 1891, i. 2. 

Coos Bay coalfield, Oregon. 1900, ii. 441. 

Coosa coalfield, Alabama. 1895, ii. 414. 

COPP^E, E., on by-product ovens. 1899, ii. 352. 

OOPP^ coke-dven. 1899, i. 328. 

COPPEL, GUSTAV Gebhabd, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 

COPPBB Cliff Mine. 1890, s. v. 211. 

coating steel with. 1892, ii. 479. 

determination of. 1890, ii. 854 ; 1891, i. 441. 

in coal. 1890, ii. 695. 

in iron and steel. 1896, il 433 ; 1897, i. 542 ; 1900, i. 412. 

influence of, on the critical points of iron and steel. 1890, i. 59. 

COQUILLON, J., on detection of fire-damp. 1898, ii. 411 ; 1896, i. 379 ; 1897, 

ii. 358. 
CORALYS, E., book on mining by. 1898, i. 450. 
CORBBTT, G. S., on electric mining signals. 1890, i. 270. 
CORDNER-JAMES, John Hbnby, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 
COBE-BOOMS, foundry. 1895, ii. 489. 
COBEA, iron ore in. 1894, i. 421. 
COBES, drying of. 1897, i. 486. 
COREY, William Ellis, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 
CORLETT, G. S., on electricity in mining. 1896, i. 35<). 
CORNELIUS, GUSTAF, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 
CORNET, J., on iron ore in the Congo Basin. 1895, i. 287. 
CORNUT, E., book on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 890 ; 1893, i. 149. 
on tests of iron and steel. 1890, ii. 831. 



GENERAL IUDSX. 186 

GOBKWALL banks. 1890, s. v. 78. 

■ mines, Tisit of the Institute to. 1890, ii. 649. 

ore hills. 1890, s. v. 867 ; 1895, i. 282. 

OOROUX, A., on sands employed in casting steel. 1900, ii. 520. 

CSOBBBLATION of British and European coal-measures. 1895, ii. 402 ; 1899, i. 
309 ; 1900, i. 295. 

COBBOSIBILITY of weld and ingot iron, relative. 1892, ii. 508. 

COBBOSION of boiler tubes. 1895, ii. 566. 

of cast iron pipes. 1898, ii. 522. 

of iron and steel. 1891, i. 427, ii. 819; 1893, i. 899; 1894. i. 597, ii. 

478; 1896, ii. 427 ; 1897, i. 563, ii. 493 ; 1898, i. 526, ii. 478 ; 1900, i. 427, 
ii.667. 

protecting ironwork in tunnels from. 1892, ii. 480. 



COBBUGATBD sheets. 1894, ii. 437. 

CORRUOATINO Cylinders, welding and. 1890. i. 388. 

Corsica, iron ore in. 1897, ii. 270. 

CORY, T. B., on coalfields of Western Washington. 1894, ii. 382. 

COSSANGB, v., book on mining by. 1896, ii. 488. 

Cost of basic open -hearth plant. 1896, ii. 879. 

of Bessemer plant. 1891, ii. 278. 

of Bessemer steel. 1890. ii. 794 : 1891, i. 895. 

of blooming-mill plant in Alabama. 1891, ii. 268. 

of boring petroleum wells. 1891, i. 811. 

of deep borings. 1890, i. 251. 

of direct process. 1890, s. v. 189. 

of iron. 1897, i. 6W. 

of labour and food in the United States. 1890, s. v. 88. 

of making pig iron in Florence, Alabama. 1890, i. 288. 

of making pig iron in North Carolina. 1890, i. 288. 

of making pig iron in Virginia. 1893, i. 444. 

of mining iron ore in the United States. 1890, s. v. 104 ; 1892, i. 296. 

of open-hearth plant in Alabama. 1891. ii. 276. 

of production of anthracite pig iron. 1892, ii. 4,88. 

of production of Bessemer ingots. 1890, s. v. 197.* 

of production of Bessemer steel rails. 1890, s. v. 198. * 

of production of iron and steel in the United States. 1891, i. 475 ; 

1900, ii. 622. 

of production of malleable iron. 1890. s. v. 196.* 

of production of pig iron. 1890, s. v. 175S ; ii. 755. 

of production of steel. 1892, i. 43»). 

of rail ingots. 1891, ii. 868. 

of raising bituminous coal in the United States. 1890. s. v. 142, 144, 

145, 146, 147. 

of smelting pig iron in Soutli Kussiji, 1897. ii. 588. 

of steel rails in the United States. 1891, i. 480. 

of tin plate. 1892, i. 462, ii. 527. 

— of working iron ore. 1893, i. 201. 

sheets, foundry. 1895, ii. 489. 



COSTS, E., on natural gas in Ontario. 1900, ii. 458. 
COSTE, L., on fire-damp accidents in mines. 1890, ii. 722. 
on French coalfields. 1896, ii. 800. 



186 GENERAL INDEX. 

Costs, basic Bessemer. 1894, i. 657. 

foundry. 1898, i. 473. 

COTHIAS, A. F., on moulding. 1899, i. 392. 
00T8W0LD, M. B., book on metallurgy by. 1899, i. 506. 
COTTAM, Edwin, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

on breaking-down appliances. 1898, i. 409. 

Ck)TTON-TlB mill, Biskley hoop. 1891, ii. 258. 
GOTTRBLL, on manganese ore in Greece. 1897, ii. 281. 
COUCOU, N., on petroleum in Roumania. 1900, ii. 455. 
OOUHARBVITCH, J., on coal in Poland. 1893, i. 225. 

on iron ore in Poland. 1893, i. 180. 

CouiLBTT blast-furnace. 1900, ii. 504. 

works. 1894. ii. 249. 

COULSON, F., on shaft-sinking. 1895, i. 345. 
C0ULTA8, F., on coal in Yorkshire. 1897, ii. 309. 

Council, report of. 1890. i. 8 ; 1891, i. 1 ; 1892, i. 3 ; 1893, i. 3 ; 1894, i. 5 ; 
1895, I 5 ; 1896, i. 5 ; 1897, i. 4 ; 1898, i. 5 ; 1899, i. 5 ; 1900, i. 5. 

COUPBR, J. M., on manganese ore in Georgia. 1892, ii. 331. 
COUPER, R. H., on iron ore in Georgia. 1900, ii. 412. 
COUPER, S., on boring and drilling machines. 1892, i. 453. 
Couplings, railway, strength of. 1891, i. 424. 
COURIOT, H., on coal testing by the Rontgen rays. 1898, ii. 406. 

on colliery explosions. 1898, ii. 448. 

on history of coal-mining. 1898, ii. 450. 

COURTBS, W. M., on iron ore in Washington. 1900, ii. 413. 
COURTMAN, Reuben Samuel, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 
COURTNEY, L. H., on the coal question. 1898, i. 543. 
COUSINS, W. J., on deep boring. 1899, ii. 366. 
COVADONGA manganese mines. 1892, ii. 330 ; 1895, ii. 379. 

manganese ore at. 1896, ii. 139. 

COWAN, John, elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 
COWLAM, G. B., on iron ore in Canada. 1900, ii. 411. 
COWLES, W. L., on steel head-frames. 1899, i. 338. 
COWLISHAW, W. G., on winding engines. 1896, i. 369, ii. 324. 
COWPER, C. E., on Ford and Moncur hot-blast stoves. 1896, i. 36. 
COWPER, E. A., obituary notice of. 1893, i. 172. 

on chilled cast iron. 1892, i. 147. 

on elimination of sulphur. 1892, i. 119. 

on hot-blast stoves. 1893, i. 307. 

on manufacture of continuous sheets from fluid metal. 1891, ii. 35. 

on new form of Siemens furnace. 1890, i. 32. 

COWPER, H. S., on wrought iron. 1897, ii. 414. 
COWPEB stoves, controlling. 1891 , i. 360. 

stoves, improved. 1890, i. 290, ii. 753. 

COWPER-COLES, Siierard Osborn, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 

on galvanising. 1898. i. 500, ii. 526 ; 1899, ii. 449 ; 1900, i. 395. 

on mill scale. 1898, ii. 525. 

Cowper-Kennedy hot-blast stove. 1890, ii. 754. 
COX, J. S., on iron and manganese ore in Cuba. 1899, 1. 288. 
COX, S. H.. book on mining by. 1898, i. 584 ; 1900, i. 494. 
on coalfields of Australasia. 1891, ii. 178. 




aVNEBAL INDKZ. 187 

OOXB, E. Bm on coal-breakingr works at Drifton Collieries. 1890, ii. 781. 

on use of small sizes of anthracite. 1894, i. 516. 

OOXB, B. H., on American collieries. 1900, i. 342. 

on Goal-cntting. 1898, ii. 435. 

on coal in Ohio and West Virginia. 1898, ii. 400. 

on handling coal. 1900, ii. 489. 

on mine fires. 1897, ii. 362. 

COTNB gas producer. 1900. ii. 461. 
CRABTREE, F., on analysis of iron. 1896, i. 530. 
Cbacks in cast iron. 1897, i. 520. 

in castings, alloy for filling. 1891, ii. 252. 

CRADOCE, Febcy Stanley, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

CRAGG, A. R., book on mining by. 1898, i. 584. 

CRAGGS, E. H., on carriage of oil in bulk. 1894, i. 471. 

CRAIG, E., on the Rearer coals of North Staffordshire. 1898, i. 267. 

CRAIG, G., on alloys of manganese, iron, and aluminium. 1892, ii. 509. 

on determination of sulphur. 1892, i. 493. 

CRAMER. E., on china clay. 1894. ii. 395. 

on fireclay. 1892, ii. 343 ; 1896, i. 320 ; 1900, i. 289, ii. 424. 

Cranbbbby ore, analysis of. 1890, s. v. 330. 

GRAND ALL, A. K., on Log Mountain coal region. 1901, i. 296. 

CRANE, R. T., on wrought iron tube making. 1894, ii. 431. 

Cbane chains. 1890, ii. 834. 

Crane for loading rails. 1890, i. 343. 

hydraulic, Kennedy-Aitken. 1890, i. 339. 

ingot charging. 1892, ii. 448. 

Ora>'ES, electric. 1893, ii. 452 ; 1898, i. 482. 
CRANKSHAW, J., on coal in Russia. 1900, i. 297. 

on coal-cutting machinery. 1894, ii. 362. 

on descriptions of collieries. 1900, ii. 484. 

CRAVEN BROTHERS, Limited. 1899, ii. 276. 

CRAVEN, John, obituary notice of. 1900, i. 252. 

CRAVEN, Thomas, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

CRAVER, H. W., on coal. 1896. i. 328. 

CRAWFORD, J., on Ford and Moncur hot-blast stoves. 1896, i. 48. 

CRAWFORD, J. J., on coal in California. 1895, i. 324. 

on iron ore in California. 1895, i. 281. 

on natural gas in California. 1895. i. 339. 

on petroleum in California. 1895, i. 336. 

CRAWHALL-WILSON, T. W., obituary notice of. 1892, ii. 297. 
CRAWLEY, E. W., book on metallurgy by. 1893, i. 449 ; 1895, i. 547 ; 1899, 

i. 506 ; 1900, i. 492. 
Cbedo, petroleum of the. 1896, i. 356. 
CREMER, E., on locks. 1897, i. 519. 
CREMER, F., on alloys of tungsten and iron. 1895, ii. 564. 

on determination of tungsten. 1895, i. 513. 

CREMER, R., on breathing apparatus. 1898. i. 425. 

on coal-washing plant at Dortmund. 1895, ii. 452. 

on igniting blasting charges. 1895, ii. 439. 

on screening and washing coal. 1897, ii. 367. 

on working coal. 1898, ii. 441. 



188 GENERAL INDEX. 

Obbbobnt steelworks, Pittsburg. 1890, s. ▼. 428. 

ORBSWIGK, Alfbbd Jubb, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 

Cbetacbous coal in North America. 1894, ii. 328. 

GBBUSdT pavilion at Paris, yisit to. 1900, ii. 358. 

works. 1898, i. 454. 

Gbkwe works. 1899, ii. 267. 

GRIGHTON, J., on colliery ventilation. 1898, i. 422. 

Gbimoba, manganese ore deposit of. 1891, ii. 153. 

Gbipple Greek. 1890, s. ▼. 329. 

GRISPO, M., on determination of phosphorus. 1892, i. 488. 

Gbitical points of iron. 1890. i. 3r>3, ii. 838 ; 1900, i. 402. 

temperature of steel. 1892, i. 466. 

Gboatia, coal in. 1892, ii. 853. 

petroleum in. 1898, ii. 420. 

GROBAUGH, F. L., on determination of carbon. 1894, ii. 488. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1893, i. 405. 

on determination of silicon. 1899, ii. 484. 

on determination of sulphur. 1899, ii. 486. 

GROGKER, F. B., on electric power in workshops. 1895, ii. 535. 

GROMPTON, George, obituary notice of. 1898, i. 315. 

GRONE, E. W., on coal handling and shipping. 1898, ii. 456. 

GRONEMEYER, W. C., on iron ore in British Golumbia. 1899, ii. 319. 

on manufacture of tin plates. 1899, ii. 449. 

on plate nomenclature. 1891, ii. 295. 

GRONQUIST, A. W., on analyses of fireclays. 1895, ii. 394. 

on preliminary examination of fireclavs. 1899, ii. 338. 

GRONQUIST, M., on new explosives. 1892, i. 355. 

GROOKE, Arthub, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

GROOKE, W., appointed scrutineer. 1900, ii. 3. 

on blast-furnace gases. 1896, i. 407. 

GROOKE, W., Jun., elected member. 1893, ii. 4. 

GROOKER, R., on the American blooming-mill. 1897, ii. 417. 

GROOKES, W., remarks in proposing toast at annual dinner. 1891, ii. 116. 

GROSBY, T., elected member. 1893, ii. 4. 

GROSLAND, J. F. L., on the action of explosives on the tubes of steel guns. 
1898, ii. 241. 

GROSS, J. R., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 
GROSSLEY, A., book on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 366. 
Gboton magnetic iron ore mines, pyrites in. 1892, ii. 317. 

mines, pulverising magnetic iron ores at. 1892, i. 300. 

Cbow's Neck Pass, petroleum of. 1893, i. 244. 
GROWTHER, G., obituary notice of. 1896, i. 284. 
Gbucible furnace, Piat. 1890, i. 302. 

furnaces. 1898, ii. 494 ; 1900, i. 378. 

steel. 1899, i. 103, ii. 426. 

steel, Danncmora. 1894, i. 544. 

steel in America. 1897, ii. 422. 

steel in Austria. 1893, i. 323. 

steel in Russia. 1892, i. 477. 

steel ingots. 1895, ii. 503. 

steel ingots for tool manufacture. 1895, i. 430. 



GENERAL INDEX. 189 

Cbuciblv otee], nitrogen in. 1896, ii. 163. 

iteel, teste of. 1894, i. 581. 

Ckuciblbb for steel-melting. 1892, i. 429. 

graphite. 1890, i. 216 ; 1896, ii. 293 ; 1900, ii. 426. 

permeability of. 1897, i. 77. 

plumbago. 1896, i. 325. 

Cbude American petroleum. 1891, ii. 193. 

petroleum, treatment of. 1894, i. 470. 

CRUEGER, H., on utilisation of blast-furnace slag. 1895, ii. 483. 
CRUM, J., on economical use of gas. 1896, i. 407. 
Cbystal Falls iron-bearing district. 1900, ii. 412. 
Cbystallike form of iron. 1890, ii. 828. 

structure of iron and steel. 1898, i. 145. 

OBYBTALLISATION of iron under vibration. 1894, ii. 445 ; 1895, i. 459. 
Cbystallibbd ferro-manganese. 1891, ii. 246. 

slag. 1895, i. 436. 

CbtSTALLOORAPHY of iron. 1900, ii. 640. 
Cbtbtals, fayalite, in slag. 1890, i. 294. 

in basic slag. 1895, ii. 525. 

Cuba, iron ore in. 1890, ii. 866; 1892, ii. 320; 1898, i. 192, ii. 318; 1896, 

i. 529 ; 1897, ii. 522 ; 1898, i. 351, ii. 363 ; 1899, i. 288. 

iron ore production in. 1894, i. 642. 

manganese ore in. 1892, i. 286 ; 1893, ii. 322 ; 1896, ii. 151 ; 1899, i. 

288. 

mining in. 1890, ii. 865. 

petroleum in. 1894, ii. 343. 



Cubic compression of steel. 1890, ii. 826. 

CUBILLO, L. :— 

Paper on "The calorific efficiency of the puddling furnace," 1892, i. 
245 ; hydrocarbons, 245 ; puddling at Trubia Arsenal, 246 ; charges and 
heat of furnace, 246 ; estimation of total heat recovered, 247 ; composi- 
tion of pig iron used, and blooms produced, 248 ; heat received by 
furnace, 248 ; heat produced by combustion of gases, 250 ; combustion 
of carbonic oxide and hydrogen, 250 ; heat produced' by substances that 
oxidise during the puddling process, 251 ; oxidation of silicon, manganese, 
carbon, phosphorus, sulphur, and iron, 252 ; heat consumed or utilised, 
253 ; heat taken up by pig iron, 253 ; heat taken up by cinder, 254 ; 
composition of tap cinder and hammer scale, 255 ; vaporisation of mois- 
ture contained in ore, 257 ; heat lost in chimney stack, 257; vaporisation 
of moisture of gas, 257 ; reduction of ferric oxide to ferrous oxide, 258 ; 
reduction of manganese oxide to manganous oxide, 258 ; heat of the 
ash, 259 ; heat consumed, 259 ; conclusion and general balance, 259. 

on calorific efficiency of the puddling furnace. 1895, i. 412. 

on Russian projectiles. 1895, i. 196. 

CUEN, N., on petrolcuui in Russia. 1892, i. 517. 

CULBERT80N, W. E., on signals used in mines. 1899, i. 339. 

on underground haulage. 1898, ii. 433. 

CULLEN, W.. on explosives and blasting. 1898, ii. 436. 

CUMBERLAND, Thomas, elected member. 1895, ii. 6. 

CUMBEBLAND and Lake Superior ores comi)ared. 1890, s. v. 195. 

field, coal from. 1893, i. 230. 

haematite ores of. 1892, ii. 306. 

iron ore in, 1897, ii. 268. 



190 GENERAL INDEX. 

GUMMING, T. S., on safety-lamps. 1894, ii. 368. 
CUNDILL, J. P., book on mining by. 1894, i. 650. 
CUNIBERTI, V. B., on use of liquid fuel. 1893, ii. 377. 
CUNINGHAME, John, on recovery of by-products. 1892, ii. 30. 
CUNNINGHAM, A. C, on bridge pins. 1897, i. 540. 

on crucible steel-making in America. 1897, ii. 422. 

on relation of tensile strength to composition. 1897, ii. 465. 

on structural steel. 1892, ii. 504 : 1896, ii. 414 ; 1897, ii. 469. 

on test of an eye-bar. 1894, ii 459. 

CUNNINGHAM, R. P., on cast iron for hydraulic castings. 1900, ii. 510. 
CUP-AND-CONB, a modified. 1890, i. 290. 
Cupola, an economical. 1894, ii. 396. 

centre-blast tuyere. 1894, i. 536. 

design, Tariations in. 1898, ii. 478. 

Herbertz. 1890, ii. 762. 

house. 1894, ii. 397. 

linings. 1894, i. 533, ii. 394 ; 1898. i. 365, 468. 

loss of manganese in the. 1895, i. 407. 

melting, loss of iron in. 1898, i. 466. 

practice. 1896, ii. 360 ; 1897, i. 483 ; 1900, i. 360, ii. 509, 530. 

telescoped. 1894, ii. 397. 

Truesdale. 1892, ii. 443. 

Whiting. 1890, i 298. 

with adjustable air inlet. 1895, i. 408. 

with central blast. 1897, i. 272. 

with centre tuyere. 1896, i. 424. 

CUPOLA-MBLTBD iron, changes in. 1898, i. 467. 

Cupolas and reverberatory furnaces for melting iron. 1898, i. 467. 

centrifugal fans for. 1895, ii. 486. 

charging turnings into. 1891, L 372 ; 1892, i. 410. 

construction and management of. 1893, ii. 446. 

CuPBOUS sulphide in iron. 1890, i. 363. 

CURIE, Madamb S., on magnetic properties. 1898, i. 504. 

CURIE, P., on magnetic properties. 1894, i. 575 ; 1895, i. 457, ii. 547. 

CURLB, J., on history of iron. 1896, i. 419. 

CURTIS, F. H., on coal in Alaska. 1896, ii. 302. 

CURTIS, G., on handling ingots and moulds in steelworks. 1892, i. 442. 

on manipulating plates in the rolling-mill. 1892, i. 425. 

CURTZ, C on coal-working. 1897, i. 425. 

on iron ore in Cumberland. 1897, ii. 268. 

Cubvatubb of diamond drill-holes. 1894, ii. 296. 
CUSHMAN, B. S., on determination of phosphorus. 1894, ii. 49.'i. 
CUTHILL, W., on flow in roUing steel. 1897, i. 495. 
CUTTEBS, steel, for milling. 1891, i. 405. 
Cutting and punching machines. 1892, ii. 469. 

machine, universal sheet-metal. 1891, i. 412. 

machinery. 1891, i. 405 ; 1893, i. 301 ; 1896, ii. 331. 

CUTTING-OPP machine, cold saw. 1891, i. 41 5. 

machine, pipe-threading and. 1891, i. 411. 

Cyanides in blast-furnace formation. 1895, i. 388. 
Cyano-nitbide of titanium in ferro-manganese. 1893, ii. 521. 



6KNERAL INDEX. 191 



OzyABTHTA iron and steel works. 1897, ii. 236. 
Ctijndkbs, cast iron for. 1898, i. 470. 

oompressed gas. 1896, i. 518. 

in dry sand, moulding. 1892, ii. 443. 

welding and cormgating. 1890, i. 333. 

CnJHDBlOAL casting-ladles. 1896, i. 424. 

charcoal blast-fnmace. 1890, ii. 744. 

CZERMAE, A., on coal-drills. 1899, i. 344. 



D. 

DAELEN, R. M., on Bertrand-Thiel process. 1898, i. 486. 

on duplex process. 1900, i. 386. 

on forging tires. 1893, ii. 483. 

on Gjers soaking-pits. 1896, i. 471. 

on hydraulic presses. 1898, i. 481, ii. 488. 

on machine for forming converter bottoms. 1892, i. 433. • 

on manufacture and application of water-gas. 1900, i. 135. 

on open-hearth process. 1892, i. 429 ; 1900, i. 68. 

on recent methods of steel manufacture. 1897, ii. 423. 

on rolling sheets. 1891, i. 381. 

on steelworks and rolling-mills. 1890, ii 787. 

on superheating converter metal. 1894, i. 556. 

on tilting open-hearth furnaces. 1899, i. 77. 

on Walrand process. 1894, i. 45 ; 1896, ii. 384. 

vote of thanks by. 1893, ii. 140. 



DAFERT, F. W., book on metallurgy by. 1899. ii. 530. 

on slag analysis. 1900, i. 440. 

DAGrGAR, J. H. J., on aluminium steel. 1890, ii. 201. 

DAGRON, J. G., on protecting ironwork from corrosion. 1892, ii. 480. 

on strength of steel in compression. 1890, i. 3G0. 

DAHLBLOM, T., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601 ; 1899, ii. 531. 

DAHLERUS, C. G., on sampling iron ores. 1895, ii. 390. 

DAHLSTROM, R., on sampling iron ores. 1895, ii. 391. 

Daimler benzene motor. 1897, i. 352. 

Dakota, coal in. 1891, i. 296 ; 1899, i. 315 ; 1900, i. 299. 

DALE, Sib David, acknowledgment of thanks by. 1895, ii. 226 ; 1896, iL 93. 

and Lady, reception by. 1897, i. 307. 

elected trustee. 1898, i. 16. 

nominated President. 1894, ii. 121. 

on the iron industry of South Staffordshire. 1895, ii. 21. 

on life membership. 1894, ii. 5. 

on nickel steel. 1895, ii. 191. 

on puddling. 1895, ii. 53. 

presidential address of, 1895, i. 17 ; inaugural address of the Duke of 

Devonshire, 17 ; first report of Foreign Secretary, 17 ; Education Act of 
1870, 17 ; technical instruction of 1889, 18 ; Local Taxation Act, 18 ; 
technical instruction, 18 ; labour difficulties and arbitration, 19 ; North 
of England Board, 19; other boards, 20; Local Diatrict Boards, 20; 



192 GENERAL INDEX. 

DALE, Sib David (continued)— 

material progress, 20 ; steel for ships, 21 ; improved processes, 22 ; out- 
put of blast-furnaces, 36 ; statistics, 36 ; general cheapness, 50 ; earnings 
of workmen, 51 ; causes of cheapness, 51 ; England's position, 51 ; con- 
ditions of trade, 52 ; supply and demand, 54 ; strikes, 55 ; legislation, 56 ; 
conclusion, 58 ; table of diagrams, 60. 

remarks on British IVon Trade Association Commission. 1895, ii. 6. 

votes of thanks by. 1894, ii. 209 ; 1895, i. 191, ii. 3, 222 ; 1896, ii. 35, 

102, 214. 
welcome to Institute by. 1898, ii. 1. 

work done by. 1899, i. 38. 



DALES, B., on electrolytic determination of iron. 1899, i. 467. 
Dalkablsbebg iron mines. 1894, ii. 297. 
Dalmatia, coal in. 1897, i. 369 ; 1900, i. 295. 
DALRYMPLE-HAY, SiB John, toast by. 1900, i. 248. 
D ALTON, W. H., on coal in East Anglia. 1892, i. 321. 
Dalzell iron and steel works. 1892, i. 430. 
Dam, brick, stopping back water by. 1892, i. 362. 

construction of. 1900, ii. 418. 

Damascene steel, preparation of. 1895, ii. 540 ; 1899, ii. 445. 
Damascus blade, hardening of. 1895, i. 452. 

gun-barrels. 1896, ii. 392. 

DAMON, on underground haulage. 1896, ii. 325. 
DAMOUR, E., book on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. 599. 

on economy in furnace-working. 1898, ii. 496. 

on regenerative furnaces. 1898, i. 458. 

Damping air in collieries. 1891, i. 335. 

down blast-furnaces. 1899, ii. 398 ; 1900, i. 347. 

of electrical oscillations in iron wires. 1891, ii. 300. 

Dan River coal basin in North Carolina, the. 1891, i. 295. 
DANA, J. D., on the iron ore beds of Minnesota. 1890, i. 224. 
D'ANDRIMONT, Julten, memoir of. 1891, i. 238. 
Dangeb in underground working, some sources of. 1892, ii. 415 
DANIEL, Edgab Llewelyn, elected member. 1890, i. 2. 
DANIEL, J., book on mining by. 1893, ii. 563. 

on explosives. 1894, ii. 357. 

on radiographic examination of steel plates. 1899, ii. 465. 

on water-gas. 1900, i. 320. 

DANIELS, Fbed. Habbis, elected member. 1897, i. 1. 

on boiler plate. 1893, i. 378. 

on De Laval direct process. 1896, ii. 373. 

on rod-rolling mills in America. 1893, ii. 481. 

DANILOF, R., on cannel coal of Peters wald. 1897, ii. 310. 

on coal-mining. 1897, i. 438. 

DANKS, Fredebick Thomas, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 
DANKS, T., elected member. 1893, i. 1. 
Dannemora crucible steel. 1894, i. 544. 

iron ores of. 1894, i. 408 ; 1897, ii. 272; 1898, ii. 306. 

DANTON, M. D., on the iron ores of France. 1892, i. 266. 
Danube, Lower, coal mines on the. 1890, i. 224. 
DANVERS, Sir J., on iron manufacture in India. 1893, ii. 449. 
Danville, Pennsylvania, iron ore mining at. 1892, i. 288. 



GENERAL INDEX. 193 

DARAP8KT. L., analyses of iron sulphates by. 1890, i. 200. 

on the ferric sulphates of Chili. 1891, i 259. 

DABBT, Jambs, elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

DABBY, John H., on almniniam steeL 1890, ii. 205. 

Pofger on '* Coking in by-product OTens," 1898, i. 44 ; experience with 
the Semet-Solwaj oven at Brymbo, 44; prejudice against retort coke, 
45 ; cost of by-product ovens, 47 ; points to be observed, 51 ; efBciency 
of recovery oven, 51; value of by-products, 52. — Diaeussion: Sir B. 
Samuelson, 54 ; Sir L. Bell, 54 ; W. Hawdon, 54 ; G. J. Snelus, 54 ; A. 
Greiner, 56 ; C. Wood, 56 ; Sir B. Samuelson, 57 ; B. P. Martin, 58 ; D. 
Evans, 58 ; P. F. Nursey, 58 ; G. Alnsworth, 59 ; L. Mond, 60 ; Sir L. 
Bell, 61 ; G. J. Snelus, 62 ; J. U. Darby, 62. — Correspondence: J. Jameson, 
63 ; J. H. Darby, 68. 

Pap^ on **The Mond producer gas applied to the manufacture of 
steel," 1896, i. 144; invention in 1889 of the Mond producer, 144; 
improvements made since that date, 145 ; application of the gas to the 
manufacture of steel, 145 ; construction of the plant, 150 ; experimental 
steel furnace at Winnington, 152 ; alteration of producer gas on heating, 
154 ; analysis of various producer gases, 156. — Ditcutnon : H. Bauerman, 
157 ; G. J. Snelus, 157 ; J. RUey, 160 ; F. W. Paul, 161 ; L. Mond, 164.— 
Oorretpondence : B. Dawson, 167 ; J. H. Darby, 167 ; Sir L. Bell, 169. 

on Semet-Solvay coke-ovens. 1894, ii. 338. 

DARBY, William, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

Dabby's recarburising process. 1890, ii. 564, 789 ; 1891, i. 399. 

Dabjiling coal. 1891, i. 287. 

Dablington forge. 1895, i. 414. 

visits and excursions at. 1893, ii. 285. 

Dasymeteb, the Siegert-DUrr. 1893, ii. 340. 

DAUBR^E, G. A., on native iron of terrestrial origin. 1891, ii. 148. 

on petroleum in Alsace. 1893, ii. 375. 

DAUNCBY, W. G., on Tasmanian iron ore. 1898, i. 344. 

DAY AGE, T., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

DAVENPORT, Fbank, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

DAVENPORT, R. W., on heavy steel forgings. 1894, i. 562. 
steel for marine forgings. 1897, ii. 470. 

DAVBY, H., book on mining by. 1900, ii. 631. 

on mine drainage. 1892, i. 364 ; 1897, ii. 356 ; 1900, ii. 476. 

on sinking shafts. 1891, ii. 201. 

on trials of rock drills. 1891, i. 269. 

DAVID, T. W. E., on coal in new South Wales. 1892, ii. 356 ; 1894, L 446. 

on coal under Sydney Harbour. 1894, ii. 323. 

on ironstone mountain, New South Wales. 1892, ii. 311. 

DAVIDSON, E., on coal in Russia. 1894, ii. 327 ; 1897, ii. 533. 

on petroleum. 1897, i. 398. 

on petroleum in India. 1895, i. 335. 

on Russian petroleum. 1898, i. 391. 

DAVIDSON, J. M., on the Welland siderolite. 1892, i. 285. 

DAVIDSON, O. C, on mining in Lake Superior district. 1900, L 285. 

DAVIES, D. C, books on mining by. 1892, i. 534. 

DAVIES, D. B., on danger in underground working. 1892, ii. 415. 

DAVIES, B. H., book on mining by. 1894. i. 650 ; 1896, ii. 601. 

DAVIES, Hembt, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 

DAVIES, Hebbxbt B., on the action of water on iron. 1899, ii. 474. 

N 



194 QEKERAL INDEX. 

DAVIES, J., book on metallargy by. 1900, i. 492. 

DA VIES, J. B., on anthracite mines. 1898, i. 418. 

DAVIES, John C, elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 

DAVIES, M. W., on winding by water-balance. 1892, ii. 893. 

DAVIES, William, obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 254. 

Davis and Uehling casting machines. 1900, i. 352. 

Davis calyx driU. 1898, i. 402. 

DAVIS, C, on armour. 1898, ii. 541. 

DAVIS, Charles Henby, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 

DAVIS, E. F. C, on steam-pipes for collieries. 1890, i. 254. 

DAVIS, F., on coal in Iowa. 1895, i. 324. 

DAVIS, F. H., on deep boring. 1898, ii. 428. 

DAVIS, 6. A., on coal-mining in Iowa. 1894, ii. 375. 

DAVIS, G. C, on coke analysis. 1897, i. 580. 

on foundry castings. 1900, i. 363. 

on malleable castings. 1897, ii. 410 ; 1898, i. 475 ; 1899, i. 390, ii. 415. 

DAVIS, H., on coal-cutting machinery. 1900, i. 327. 

DAVIS, J., on manufacture of basic open-hearth steel. 1891, i. 391. 

on manufacture of steel plates. 1893, ii. 119. 

on teste of basic steel. 1891, i. 421. 

DAVIS, J. B., on methods of working coal. 1900, i. 330. 

DAVIS, J. W., on Yorkshire coalfield. 1890, ii. 681. 

DAVIS, 0. W., on Middlesborough coalfield, Kentucky. 1891, i. 297. 

DAVIS, T. G., on relining a blast-furnace. 1898, i. 290. 

Davis-Colby kiln. 1890, i. 213 ; 1895, ii. 392. 

DAVISON, G. S., on utilisation of natural gas pipe lines. 1894, i. 474. 

DAVISON, J., on pumping plant. 1899, ii. 330. 

DAVISON, J. M., on recent researches on meteorites. 1899, i. 290. 

DAVISON, J. Wm on safety-lamps. 1894, i. 500. 

DAVISON, W. L., elected member. 1898, i. 1. 

DAVY, A., obituary notice of. 1896, i. 285. 

DAW, A. W., book on mining by. 1898, i. 584. 

DAW, Fbederick W., elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

on determination of manganese. 1899, i. 465. 

DAW, Z. W., book on mining by. 1898, i. 584. 

DAWKINS, W. Boyd, on coal in Kent. 1891, ii. 174 ; 1892, i. 321 ; 1897, ii. 
309 ; 1899, i. 308, ii. 342. 

on coal in the South of England. 1890, i. 221 ; 1894, ii. 312 ; 1898, 

ii. 393. 

on coalfields in New South Wales. 1893, i. 228. 

on iron ore in the boring at Dover. 1894, ii. 275. 



DAWNAY, Abchibald Davis, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 
DAWSON, B., obituary notice of. 1900, i. 252. 

on basic steel at Witkowitz. 1898, ii. 16. 

on Bertrand-Thiel process. 1897, i. 131, 603. 

on chemistry of open-hearth furnace. 1896, i. 443. 

on crucible furnaces. 1900, i. 379. 

on gas furnaces. 1891, i. 313. 

on Mond producer gas in the manufacture of steel. 1896, i. 167. 

on New Zealand magnetic iron sands. 1896, i. 70. 

on open-hearth steel. 1897, i. 500. 



GENERAL INDIZ. 195 

DAWSON, R, on open-hearth steel furnaces. 1895, L 431. 

on permeability of 8teel>melting cracibles. 1897, i. 86. 

DAWSON, C, on nataial gas in Sassex. 1898, i. 400, ii 425. 
DAWSON. £., on pumping engines. 1897, i. 428. 
DAWSON, G. M., on British Colambia coals. 1890. i. 225. 

on coal in Rocky Mountains. 1898, ii. 402. 

on iron ore in British Colambia. 1819. ii. 143. 

on iron ore of VancouTer Island. 1890, i. 193. 

DAWSON, Robert, elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 
DAWSON, W. O., elected member. 1898, ii. 4. 
DAY, A. L., on pyrometry. 1900, ii. 429. 

DAY, D. T., books on mining by. 1891, ii. 5^9 ; 1892, iii. 555 ; 1893, i. 460 ; 
1894, ii- 539 ; 1899, ii. 531. 

on chemistiT of petroleum. 1900, ii. 452. 

on coal -mining. 1897, i. 439. 

on iron ore in the Antillei^. 1899, ii. ,321. 

DAY, G. E., book on metallurgy by. 1896, i. 573. 
DAY, W. C, on bitumeo from MonUna. 1894, ii. 343. 

on origin of petroleum. 1899. ii. 35*«. 

on Utah gils^jnite, a variety of asphalt. 1896, ii. 426. 

De Babdeleben furnaces. 1890, h. v. 332. 
DEACON, Malkjce, el«5Ct'rd member. 1897. ii. «>. 

on Alfreton cx)liiery. 1892, i. :i^0. 

on electric pumpiiijf plalit•^. 1892, i. 367. 

on expansion ge»r lor winding engines. 1894, ii. .350. 

on fan exf^riiijent t. 1891, i. 33.3. 

DEAKIN, T. H.. on wire roiA^h. 1890, i. 252. 
DEAN. F. W., on pu«ip;f-if r/ia/:hirjery. 1893, ii. 404. 
DEAN, John Wiijjam. e.e/;ii:d njomber. 1895, ii. 6. 

obituary noli';^ 'A. UHSm, i. 2H5. 

DEANS, H., on re^^.u* a;>;,iiafir:*., for collieries. 1900, i. 339. 
Death-rate in differ en* ifid'j»trie» in England. 1891, i. 449. 
Death-rates in mi/ie*. JW;. ii. W2 ; 1897, i. 626. 
DBBAUCHE, H., on i,'itt,p,t,ui a;/pliancef>. 1895, i. 361. 
DEBUS, H., on cofii bullion of '//irijM,wt\HT. 1893, i. 262. 
DEBUS. W., on lighting 'A '//JiJer.en. 1900, i. 338. 
DEBY, J. M., obituary n'/li'^ ot. liWft, i. 262. 
Deccas, iron induht ry of. IWW.. \L *;;'. 
Decomposition of chrow.e itOL ore. 1892, i. 492. 

of water in gaspr'/'Ju'j^rf*. lHli&, i. 342. 

Decorative ironwork. W96. i. if//,. 

Deep-boring. 1898, i. i*f/. ii. i'ZH \ 1899, i. .335, ii. 366 ; 1900, i. 320 ii 

462. 
in Upper Silesia. 1893, ii. :0s5. 

Deep drill holes, the advantage* tA, 1896, ii. 385. 

Deep mining. 1897, i. 4^)7. 

Deepest shaft in Saxony. 1897, ii. ;i42. 

Defects in open-hearth furnaces. 1891, i. 31K). 

Definitions of pig iron, wrought iron, and steel. 1900, ii. 540. 

Deformation of metals under pressure. 1894, i. 579. 

Degefors steelworks. 1898, ii 311, 




196 OXNERAL INDKX. 

DEHNKE, H.. on lighting of collieries. 1900, i. 338. 

on ventilation of collieries. 1899, ii. 382. 

DEIGHTON, W., on manufacture and application of water-gas. 1900, i. 
136. 

on metal mixers. 1895, i. Hi. 

on the ** Weardale " furnace. 1897, i. 173. 

DEKANOYSKY, K., on signals used in mines. 1899, i. 339. 

DBKBN, A. DE, on sandless pig iron. 1898, i. 433. 

DELAFOND, F., book on mining by. 1892, ii. 555 ; 1894, i. 650. 

on methods of working thick coal seams. 1891, ii. 207. 

DELAFOND, 0., book on mining by. 1900, ii. 632. 

on explosives and blasting. 1900, ii. 473. 

DELAFOSSB, L., on draining flooded mines. 1894, i. 497. 

on rock drills. 1896, ii. 437. 

DELAUAYB, P., book on mining by. 1890, i. 408. 

DELANO, F. A., on rails. 1898, i. 516. 

DELANO, W. H., book on mining by. 1893, ii. 563. 

DELAS, J., on coal in France. 1900, ii. 436. 

Db la Vebgne refrigerating works. 1890, s. v. 404. 

DELECROIX, E., book on mining by. 1893, i. 450, ii. 563 ; 1895, i. 549. 

Dbl^.mont, iron ores of. 1896, i. 304. 

DELLWIE, Gabl, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

on manufacture of water-gas. 1898, i. 402. 

Paper on **The manufacture and application of water-gas,*' 1900, 
i. 119; recent new development of the water-gas industry, 119; theory 
of the Dellwik-Fleischer process, 120; practical results obtained, 124; 
description of plant, 126 ; method of working, 126 ; composition of 
water-gas, 127 ; application of water-gas to practical purposes, 128. — 
Discussion : R. M. Daelen, 135 ; 8ir L. Bell, 135 ; H. Bauerman, 135 ; 
A. E. Tucker, 136; W. Deighton, 136 ; L. Mond, 137. 

Dellwik gas producer. 1897, ii. 339 ; 1899, ii. 365. 

Dellwik-Gbondal separator. 1899, ii. 35. 

DEMALGHT, A., on cracks in cast iron. 1897, i. 520. 

DEMARET, L., on electrical transmission of power in mines. 1891, ii. 209. 

on iron ore deposits. 1899, it 307. 

DEMENGE, E., book on metallurgy by. 1897, i. 627. 

elected member. 1899, i. 2. 

on case-hardening ingots. 1898, ii. 518. 

on diamonds in steel. 1897, ii. 488. 

on dust-catcbers. 1900, iL 494. 

on 4000-ton hydraulic press. 1892, i. 418. 

on ingots for gun-tubes and propeller shafts. 1900, i. 170. 

on iron and steel working. 1896, i. 438. 

on Meyer recarburising process. 1891, iL 277 ; 1892, i. 437. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1900, ii. 496. 

DEMEURE, A., book on mining by. 1891, ii 368. 

on disposal of waste at collieries. 1895, i. 375. 

on new mining-lamp. 1893, ii. 409. 

on shaft-sinking. 1899, ii. 367 ; 1900, i. 322. 

on winding by endless ropes. 1893, ii. 390. 

DEMMLER, A., on new pumping plant. 1894, i. 495. 

DBMOND, C. D., on fusibility of clays. 1894, i 431. 



GENERAL INDEX. 197 

DEMPSTER, ROBEBT, on agricultnral valne of sulphate of ammonia from 
blast-furnaces. 1897, 1. 294. 

DENNIS, L. M., on detennination of phosphorus. 1894, ii. 493. 

on new gas analysis apparatus. 1898, ii. 565. 

DENNIS, W. F., obituary notice of. 1890, i. 184. 

DENNSTEDT, M., on the flashing point of petroleum. 1896, ii. 315. 

DENNY, G. A., book on mining by. 1900, ii. 631. 

on rock drills. 1898, i. 357, ii. 373. 

DENOEL, L., book on mining by. 1899, i. 508 ; 1900, ii. 632. 

on explosives and blasting. 1899, i. 346 ; 1900, ii. 473. 

on respiration apparatus. 1898, ii. 448. 

DENTON, F. W., on iron ore mining in the Lake Superior region. 1895, ii. 
384 ; 1896, ii. 286 ; 1897, ii. 283. 

DEP^RET, C, book on mining by. 1894, i. 650. 
DEPOITIER, E., on washing coal. 1897, ii. 369. 
Deposit in old workings. 1896, i. 382. 
Deposition, electrolytic, of iron. 1891, ii. 321. 
Deposits, coal, at Martos, Spain. 1892, i. 323. 

coal, Buscbtehrad. 1892, ii. 353. 

coal, near the Canadian Pacific Railway. 1892, ii. 357. 

coal, of the Transvaal. 1891. i. 286. 

iron ore, formation of. 1892, i. 265. 

iron ore, in the Banat. 1891, i. 252. 

iron ore, at BerggiesKhiibel. 1890, ii. 656. 

iron ore, of Chili. 1892, ii. 319. 

iron ore, of Eastern Spain. 1892, i. 268. 

iron ore, of Gogebic range. 1892, ii. 316. 

iron ore, of Koutim. 1892, ii. 309. 

iron ore, of Leicestershire. 1891, i. 250. 

iron ore, of Mesabi range. 1892, i. 276. 

iron ore, of Miednorndjansk and Wyssokaja. 1892, i. 271. 

iron ore, of Naevcrhaugen. 1891, i. 254. 

iron ore, of New South Wales. 1892, ii. 310. 

iron ore, of Ottawa. 1890, i. 192. 

iron ore, of South-We.««t Vogtland. 1892, i. 267. 

iron ore, of Torbrook, Nova Scotia. 1892, ii. 313. 

lignite, of Gippsland. 1892, i. 323. 

lignite, of Tyrol. 1891, i. 283. 

manganese, formation. 1891, i. 265 ; 1892, i. 287. 

manganese ore, of Crimora. 1891, ii. 153. 

peat, of Eden Lake, Austria. 1890, ii. 695. 

removing, from pipes in shafts. 1892, i. 368. 

Depreciation, colliery. 1891, ii. 227. 

D:^PREZ, M., on nickel steel. 1898, i. 506. 

Depth of coal mines, average. 1890, i. 246 ; 1891, ii. 200. 

DERBY, 0. A., on magnetic iron ore in Brazil. 1891, ii. 148 ; 1896, i. 286. 

on manganese ores in Brazil. 1900, i. 210. 

on meteorites. 1896, i. 289 ; 1897, ii. 279. 

DERCLAYE, O., on coal-drills. 1897, ii. 352. 
DERY, C. book on mining by. 1896, ii. 488. 
DESAILLY, on repairing shafts. 1896^ ii. 431. 



198 GENERAL INDEX. 

D'BSCAILLES, A. H., on the iron deposits of Elba. 1898. ii. 350. 

Descriptions of collieries. 1900, ii. 483. 

DESHAYES, V., on coal-mining in Poland. 1894, ii. 373. 

Dbbiccation of the blast in the manufacture of pig iron. 1891, 1 360. 

Design of roughing rolls. 1899, i. 400. 

DESLANDRES, on action of rhythmical shocks on bridges. 1893, ill. 505. 

DESPRIT, G., on the open-hearth furnace. 1891, i. 389. 

DESQUIENS, F., on fan for smelting furnaces. 1893. ii. 439. 

DESTIVAL, on methods of working coal. 1900, i. 331. 

Destbuction of blast-furnace linings. 1892, i. 397. 

Destbuotivb distillation of wood. 1892, ii. 371. 

Desulphubisation of coke. 1900, ii. 449. 

of iron. 1893, i. 73, 299 ; 1896, I 390. 

of steel. 1894. i. 653. 

Dbsulphubisino in the basic open-hearth. 1895, ii. 511. 

in the mixer. 1895, ii. 516. 

DESVACHEZ, E., on ventilating appliances. 1898, ii. 406. 
DESVI6NES on electricity in mines. 1899. ii. 373. 
Detection of adulteration of basic slags. 1892, L 496. 

of fire-damp. 1890, ii. 721 ; 1893, i. 280, ii. 410, 447 ; 1894, i. 600 ; 

1895, i. 378. 
Detebmination of aluminium. 1890, I 374 ; 1891, i. 440, ii. 327 ; 1893. i. 

418, iL 633. 

of arsenic. 1892, L 495 ; 1898, i. 415, 419, ii. 635 ; 1896, i. 537. 

of ash in oils. 1898, i. 421. 

of carbon. 1890, i. 369, ii. 852 ; 1891. i. 433, ii. 322 ; 1892, i. 486, il 

511 ; 1893, i. 403, ii. 527 ; 1895, i. 502. ii. 507 : 1896. i. 531. 
of chromium. 1890, i. 372, ii. 853 ; 1892, ii. 515 ; 1893, i. 412, ii. 536 : 

1895, i. 512, ii 153, 602 ; 1896, L 537. 

of cobalt. 1893, i. 414. 

of cobalt in manganese ores. 1892, i. 494. 

of copper in iron. 1890, ii. 854 ; 1891, i. 441. 

of fire-damp. 1896, i. 379. 

of hardness of steel. 1893, i. 366. 

of high temperatures. 1892, i. 318, ii. 347. 

of iron. 1893, i. 416 ; 1895, ii. 600. 

of iron and alumina in the presence of phosphoric acid. 1892, i. 492. 

of iron and silicon in commercial aluminium. 1892, i. 491. 

of iron, volumetric. 1890, i. 374 ; 1892, i. 492. 

of lime. 1890, i. 376. 

of magnesia. 1890, i. 376. 

of manganese. 1890, i. 372 : 1891, i. 437, 443, ii. 326, 330 ; 1892. i. 489, 

493, ii. 512, 522 ; 1893, i. 40.3, 418, ii. 530; 1894, i 613; 1896. i. 507. ii. 

59r> : 1896. i. 584, ii. 442 : 1897, ii. 4^7 ; 1898, i. 534, ii. 557 : 1899, i. 465 : 

1900, i. 43;^, ii. 575. 

of manganese, volumetric. 1891, i. 440. 



of nickel. 189a i. 414 : 1894. i. 615, ii. 494: 1896, ii. 59S : 1897, i. 

572. ii. 506 ; 1898. ii. 560 : 1899, ii. 4S7 : 1900, ii. 580. 

of phosphoric anhvdride in slacs. 1890. i, 375, ii. {>56 : 1891, ii. 331 : 

1892, i. 498. 
of phosphorus. 1890, i. 360, ii. 854 ; 1891, i. 431, il 325 : 1892, i. 486 ; 

ii. 513 ; 1893, i. 404, 409, ii. 528, .^8S : 1896. i. 504. ii. 590 : 1896. i. 532. 
of phosphorus, colorimetric. 1891, i. 435. 



GENERAL INDEX. 199 

Determination of phosphoras, elimination of arsenic in the. 1891, i. 436. 

of the relative reducibility of iron ores. 1897, ii. 375. 

of selenium in meteoric iron. 1896. i. 513. 

of silicon. 1890, il 855; 1891, ii. 331 ; 1893, i. 411, ii. 531 ; 1896, i. 

532. 

of slag in wrought iron. 1892, ii. 519. 

of some rarer elements in steel. 1892, ii. 517. 

of sulphur. 1890, i. 371, ii. 855 ; 1891, i. 436 ; 1892, i. 493, ii. 515 ; 



1898, i. 408, ii. 532 ; 1895, i. 509, ii. 595 ; 1896, i. 536. 
— of sulphur and silicon. 1890, i. 371. 

of sulphur in coal. 1890, i. 376 ; 1892, i. 496, ii. 525. 



of titanium. 1891, i. 444 ; 1892, i. 494. 

of tungsten. 1891, ii. 327 ; 1895, i. 613, ii. 697. 

of value of chrome-iron ore. 1892, i 493. 

volumetric, of chromium in chrome-iron ore. 1890, i. 375. 

Detebminino dimensions of oval passes. 1895, il 494. 
DETIENNE, H., on slag cement. 1898, i. 465. 
Detonation of high explosives by percussion. 1892, ii. 404. 
Detonator, the Tirmann. 1894, ii. 861. 
Detroit steel and spring works. 1896, ii. 384. 

water-pas at. 1890, ii. 708. 

DETWILLER, H. J., on the New Jersey magnetite. 1892, i. 278. 

DEUTSCH, S., on ozokerite in Galicia. 1891, i. 311. 

Deutscher Kaiser ironworks. 1899, ii. 406. 

Development of iron and steel manufacture in France. 1895, ii. 612. 

of the world's iron trade. 1897, ii. 647. 

Device, ingot stripping. 1891, i. 406. 

Devices for preventing overwinding. 1892, ii. 394. 

furnace-charging. 1890, ii. 784. 

DEVONSHIRE, VII. Duke of, reference to his decease. 1892, i. 4. 

work done by. 1899, i. 32. 

DEVONSHIRE, VIII. Duke op, Royal Commissioner at Paris Exhibition. 
1900. ii. 857. 

speech by. 1895. i. 256. 

Devonshire, iron ore in. 1895, ii. 362. 

DBWAR, J., on electrical resistance of iron. 1892, ii. 491. 

on influence of low temperatures on steel. 1896, i. 467. 

on magnetic properties of iron. 1896, ii. 399, 401. 

DEWEY. F. P., book on metallurgy by. 1892. I 533, ii.^54. 

on accuracy of chemical analysis. 1896, ii. 485. 

DEWSNAP, G. G., on coal in Washington. 1891, ii. 184. 
D'HARVENG, J., on H^racl(5e coalfields. 1893, i. 232. 
Diamond boreholes. 1899, ii. 327. 

boring. 1893, ii. 385 ; 1894, ii. 295 ; 1895, i. 295. 

boring at Newton colliery. 1891, i. 318. 

carburisation of iron by the. 1890, i. 81 ; 1891, i. 426. 

drill, exploring with the. 1896, ii. 285. 

drills. 1891. i. 318 ; 1892, ii. 383. 

hand-drills in Sweden. 1892, ii. 334. 

Diamond-boring machine, electrical. 1890, i. 209. 
Diamonds, formation of, in cooling iron. 1894, ii. 480. 



200 GSNERAL INDEX. 

Diamonds in iron. 1898, i. 524. 

in steeL 1896, it 421 ; 1897, ii. 488. 

DiolDO, mines of. 1896, ii. 82. 

DICK, A., on coal-cutting machinery. 1894, ii. 362. 

on coal-mining in British Columbia. 1891, i. 284. 

on safety-lamps. 1898, i. 278. 

on ventilation of mines. 1896, ii 334. 

DICK, A. M. , on chemistry of open-hearth furnace. 1896, i. 443. 
DICK, O. A., on production of metallic bars by extrusion. 1896, i. 63. 
DICK, W., on output of coal in British Columbia. 1890, i. 384. 
DICKE on the Dellwik gas-producer. 1897, ii. 339; 1899, ii. 305. 
DICKINSON, J., elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

on depth of collieries. 1891, ii. 200. 

on outbursts of soft-coal and gas. 1898, i. 271. 

on subsidence caused by colliery workings. 1898, ii. 449 ; 1900, L 340. 

on timbering in mines. 1900, i. 328, ii. 472. 

DICKINSON, R B., obituary notice of. 1895, i. 262. 
DICKINSON. S. B., elected member. 1896, il 3. 
DICKINSON, William Bowstead, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 
DICKMANN, M., on underground haulage. 1896, iL 325. 
DICKSON, Consul, on oil-wells in Quebec. 1898, i. 395. 
DIEHL, W., on chemical preparation of low-grade manganese ores. 1890, 
ii. 678. 

DIBRSCHB, Max, on graphite. 1899, L 305. 

Diss for stamp batteries. 1893, ii. 510. 

DIBSCHER, S., on haulage. 1897, i. 414. 

on wire-ropes. 1897, i. 543. 

DIBSELDORFF, A., on iron ore in China. 1900, i. 278. 

DifcSENEB-JANiTZ brick-kiln's. 1896, i. 324. 

DIETZ, B., on the iron ore mines of Rar-el-Maden. 1899, ii. 324. 

DIEUD0NN6, E., on fire-damp. 1896, i. 880. 

Differences in iron analysis. 1891, i. 432. 

Difficulties in rolling. 1898, ii. 489. 

Diffusion of carbon in iron. 1896, i. 139. 

of metals. 1896, ii. 396. 

of sulphides through steel. 1898, ii. 256. 

Dilatation, heat, of iron from low temperatures. 1890, i. 350. 

of iron and steel. 1896, i. 499. 

Dill mining district, the. 1891, ii. 348. 

DiLLBNBUBG, manganese ores of. 1890, i. 201. 

DILLER, J. &, on coal in Oregon. 1898, i. 379. 

on Coos bay coalfield, Oregon. 1900, ii. 441. 

DILLNER, H., on Westrom's magnetic ore separator. 1890, i. 212. 

DILLON, P. R., on manufacture of wire rods. 1892, i. 447. 

Dimensions of blast-furnaces. 1897, ii. 3H0. 

DINECHIN, D. de, on coal screening. 1894, i. 514. 

on manufacture of briquettes. 1894, i. 516. 

DINGEY, P. S.. book on metallurgy by. 1892, i. 533. 

DINMORE, W. IL, on drawing coke. 1890, ii. 699. 

Dinner, Annual, of the Institute. 1890, ii. 648 ; 1891. ii. 115 ; 1892, ii. 283 ; 
1895, i. 254 ; 1897. i. 307 ; 1898, i. 2S4 ; 1899, i. 240 ; 1900, i. 230. 



GENERAL INDEX. 201 

DINSHORB, Am on American collieries. 1900, i. 342. 

D'lNVILLIERS, B. Y., on coal in Pennsylvania. 1896, ii. 3^3. 

Dip of the coal in Illinois. 1895, i. 824. 

Dip- WORKINGS, draining. 1898, i. 271. 

Direct manufacture of malleable iron. 1891, i. 376. 

process. 1890, s. v. 188, 316 ; 1898, i. 347. 

process, Orafif. 1892, i. 438. 

process, Lash-Johnson. 1891, i. 380. 

production of iron. 1895, i. 412, ii. 43 ; 1900, i. 365. 

production of iron carbide. 1897, ii. 487. 

production of steel. 1900, ii. 520. 

recarburisation in Luxemburg, 1891, ii. 277. 

reduction from ores. 1892, i. 415 ; 1897, ii. 414; 1899, ii. 16. 

reduction process, Adams. 1891, i. 400, ii. 282. 

reduction process, Conley. 1893, i. 347. 

Discovery of coal in the Eifel. 1893, i. 221. 

of iron ore. 1891, i. 252 ; 1894, i. 405. 

of natural gas. 1891, i. 313 : 1898, i. 247. 

of petroleum in the Transvaal. 1891, ii. 196. 

Discrepancies in analyses. 1898, ii. 553. 

DISDIER. ENRIQUE, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 

Paper on " The use of blast-furnace and coke-oven gases,'* 1899, i. 130 ; 
blast-furnace gases, 130 : coke-oven gases, 132 ; blast-furnace and coke- 
oven gases, 135 ; conclusions, 139 ; Appendix, 141. — Discussion : J. Riley, 
143 : H. Savage, 144 ; W. H. Hewlett, 147 ; W. Whitwell, 148 ; C. Wood, 
148; E. James, 150; G. J. Ward, 15\.— Correspondence: W. H. Booth, 
151; E. Disdier, 154. 

Disposal and utilisation of blast-furnace slag. 1892, i. 409. 

of waste at collieries. 1896, i. 375. 

Distillation of wood, destructive. 1892, ii. 371. 

Distilling coal, heat absorbed in. 1892, ii. 347. 

Distinction between iron and steel. 1896, i. 514. 

Distribution of carbon in pig iron. 1895, i. 492. 

of electricity in mining. 1890, ii. 423. 

DITTE. A., book on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 366 ; 1892, i. 533. 

on history of iron. 1900, i. 369. 

DITTMAR, N. VON, on iron trade statistics of Russia. 1900, i. 475. 

DIVIS, J., on winding appliances. 1900, i. 323. 

DIXON, H. B., on the rate of explosion in gases. 1892, i. 380. 

DIXON, J. L., on tail-rope haulage. 1894, ii. 353. 

DIXON, J. S., on coal-heading. 1898, ii. 306. 

on collieries in Great Britain. 1900, i. 341. 

DIXON, a, on drilling machines. 1895. i. 454. 

DIXON, Walter, elected member. 1897, ii. 6. 

on iron and steel industries of the United States. 1899, ii. 524. 

on transmission of power. 1897, i. 496 ; 1898, i. 408. 

DIXON, W. A., on formation of coal. 1890, i. 219. 

DIZIER, J. L. S., on calculation of blast-furnace charges. 1894, i. 633. 
DMITRIJEWSKT, N. M., on peat in blast-furnaces. 1898, i. 447. 
Dnibproffsky works. 1897, i. 535. 
DOBBIE, J. J., on basic slag for manure. 1890, i. 326. 



202 GENERAL INDEX. 

DOBINSON, L., on underground haulage. 1898, ii. 391. 

DOBLE, W. A., on endurance of tempered steel. 1898, i. 37*). 

DOBSON, B. A., on electric welding. 1894, ii. 426. 

DODD, Frank W., on alloys of iron and chromium. 1892, ii. 153. 

DODGSON, Thomas Edwabd, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 

DOE, Justin S., on wire rope. 1900, ii. 536. 

DOBLTBR, C, on solubility of red haematite. 1893, i. 194. 

DOHERTY, W. M., on Australian coalfields. 1896. ii. 301. 

on manganese ore in Australia. 1899, ii. 318. 

DOhLER, E., on determination of chromium. 1900, i. 436. 

on determination of molybdenum. 1900, ii. 581. 

DOISE, M., on consolidating water-bearing strata. 1891, ii. 201. 
DOLL, E., on iron ores. 1896, i. 298. 
D0LLFU8, G., on the Pas-de-Calais coalfield. 1895, i. 317. 
Dolomite, analyses of. 1893, i. 209. 

and limestone. 1896, i. 325. 

and magnesite. 1895, i. 304. 

for converter linings. 1890, i. 217. 

formation of. 1895, ii. 396 ; 1897, ii. 300. 

from Graz. 1896, ii. 292. 

hard, driving levels in. 1892, i. 292. 

in Alabama. 1894, ii. 306. 

in blast-furnaces. 1894, ii. 383 ; 1895, i. 405. 

— in Sweden. 1898, i. 364. 

Swedish limestone and. 1891, ii. 164. 

use of, in blaAt-furnace practice. 1895, ii. 471. 

DOM AGE, H., on driving levels. 1899, i. 344. 

on mine drainage. 1895, i. 561 ; 1900, i. 333. 

DOMAN collieries. 1897, i. 374. 

DOMENECH, M. V., on coal in Porto Rico. 1899, ii. 350. 

Dominion Company's mines and works. 1890, s. v. 212. 

Mineral Company. 1890, s. v. 360. 

DOMNABFV'ET steelworks. 1892, ii. 458 ; 1898, ii. 292. 
DONALD, David Patrick, elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 
DONALD, J. G., on Canadian Lake iron ore. 1894, i. 413. 

on loss of carbon in rusted pig iron. 1891, i. 426. 

DONALD, J. T., on chrome iron ore in Canada. 1894, ii. 280 ; 1895, i. 304 ; 
1899, ii. 320. 

on peculiar product of charcoal blast-furnace. 1896, i. 422. 

DONALDSON, Peter, elected member. 1895, ii. 6. 
DONATH, E., on chemistry of iron. 1895, i. 493. 

on collection of benzene on coking coal. 1894, i. 4G3. 

on determination of carbon. 1897, ii. 490. 

on determination of chromium. 1894, ii. 493. 

on determination of manganese. 1892, i. 4S9. 

on ferro-silicon. 1897, ii. 488. 

on origin of petroleum. 1894, i. 4fi7. 

DONECHAY, James, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 

DONETZ coalfields. South Russia. 1892, ii. 354 ; 1895, i. 318, 535 ; 1896, i. 564. 

DONKIN, B., book on metallurgy by. 1900, ii. 630. 

book on mining by. 1894, i. 650. 



GENEEAL INDEX. 203 

DONKIN, B., on blowing-engine worked by blast-furnace gas. 1900, i. 113. 

on burning coal-dust. 1896, ii. 346 ; 1897, ii. 871. 

on calorimetry. 1891, i. 278 ; 1899, ii. 339. 

on centrifugal fans for cupolas. 1895, ii. 48G. 

on fuel eflSciency. 1892, i. 227. 

on steam-boiler experiments. 1890, ii. 680. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1900, i. 355. 

on valves for gas-furnaces. 1892, i. 242. 

DOOLITTLE, C. E., on electric power transmission. 1890, ii. 726. 

DOOLITTLE, S., on determination of phosphorus. 1894, ii. 492. 

Doors for open-hearths, water-cooled. 1893, i. 325. 

DOPP, on petroleum motors. 1899, ii. 362. 

DORE Ravine, India, coal seam of. 1891, i. 290. 

DORION, C. J., book on mining by. 1893, ii. 563. 

DORMAN, R. P., elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

obituary notice of. 1898, ii. 326. 

DORMU.S, A. R. VON, on basic rail steel. 1899, i. 443. 

on rails. 1897, i. 547. 

DORSEY, H. G., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1899, ii. 457. 
Dortmund, coal-washing plant at. 1895, ii 452. 

collieries, lavatories at. 1894, ii. 371. 

collieries, sanitation in. 1898, ii. 449. 

district, mines in. 1892, ii. 539 ; 1897, i. 578 ; 1898, i. 374. 

iron ore at. 1895, ii. 363. 

mining district, coke in. 1897, ii. 529. 

mining district, winding ropes in. 1892, i. 349 ; 1894, i. 482. 

wire ropes at. 1894, i. 483. 

DORY. Ali'HONSK, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

on collieries in Spain. 1900, i. 342. 

on extinction of fires in mines. 1900, i. 338. 

on handling iron ore. 1900, ii. 420. 

Dob Aguas collieries. 1891, ii. 177. 

DOSMOND, on gas from charcoal. 1895, i. 327. 

DOSS, B., on meteorites. 1892, ii. 327. 

D'OSSAT, G. DE Angklts, on petroleum in Italy. 1900, i. 310. 

DouAJ, forge at. 1896, ii. 370. 

Double hanlening of steel. 1898, i. 494. 

headed rotarv shears. 1891, ii. 261. 

stall working in a thin senm. 1893, ii. 400. 

DOUBLEDAY, V. C., on safety-lamps. 1894, i. 500. 

DOUD, E., on Hattie-Ensley furnact^ 1891, ii. 23S. 

DOUGAL, M. D., on a specimen of early Scottish iron. 1894, ii. 399. 

DOUGHERTY, G. T., on determination of carbon. 1899, ii. 483. 

on ferro-silicon. 1897, i. 573. 

DOUGLAS, A. S., on .screening and picking coal. 1893, i. 285. 

on ventilating appliances. 1894, ii. 366. 

DOUCiLAS, James, elected member. 1899, ii. 5. 

on charcoal used in iron -smelting. 1899, ii. 3.')2. 

on gas producers. 1899, ii. 365. 

on iron-smelting in Canada. 1899, ii. 504. 

on iron trade statistics of Sweden. 1898, ii. 591. 



204 GSNERAL INDEX. 

DOUGLAS, James, on Swedish iron and Canadian metallnrgj. 1899, ii. 522. 
DOUGLAS, William, elected member. 1894, i. 2. .. 

obitnary notice of. 1898, i. 315. 

Douglas coalfield, Lanarkshire. 1899, i. 309. 

DOURT, M. J., on winding at the Maries collieries. 1892, ii. 394. 

DOVRB, coal at. 1897, i. 410. 

furnace, Ohio, working of. 1898, ii. 468. 

iron ore at. 1894, ii. 275 ; 1895, i. 276. 

DOWDEN, Wm. George, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

obitnary notice of. 1896, ii. 258. 

DOWERG, H., elected member. 1894, i 2. 

on Schonwalder open-hearth furnace. 1898, i. 327. 

DOWLAIS works. 1897, ii. 230. 
Dowlais-Cardipp coUierv. 1897, ii. 234. 

furnaces. 1892, i. 399. 

works. 1897, ii. 232. 

DOWNCOMERS. 1890, 8. V. 258. 

DOWNS, W. F., on graphite crucibles. 1900, ii. 426. 

DowsoN gas, use of. 1898, ii. 384. 

D0W80N, J. E., on gas producers. 1898, ii. 427. 

on water-gas. 1900, i. 320. 

Drainage of flooded mines. 1895, ii. 443. 

of water from old mines. 1891, i. 330. 

Draining dip workings. 1898, i. 271. 

DRAKE, F., on manganese ore in the Caucasus. 1898, ii. 356. 

DRAKE, N. F., on coal in China. 1900, i. 301. 

DRAPER, D., on coal in South Africa. 1896, ii. 302. 

Drawing, coke. 1890, ii. 699. 

crucible steel wire. 1891, i. 410. 

presentation of, to American Society of Western Engineers. 1890, 

ii. 627. 
Drawing-press, sheet-metal. 1890, i. 311. 

toggle-joint. 1890, i. 310 ; 1891, i. 357. 

DREDGE, James, book on metallurgy by. 1893, i. 449. 

Address on Alexander Lyman Holler, 1890, ii. 369 ; letter from 

Sir H. Bessemer, 369 ; Holley*s early youth and education, 370 ; Zerah 
Colburn, 372; HoUey's literary work, 372; connection with Colbum, 
373 ; first meeting of Dredge' and Holley, 375 ; Holley's connection 
with the Nrw York Times, &c., 375 ; Holley *s connection with the Bes- 
semer process, 376 ; his purchase of the Bessemer patent^ 377 ; first 
Bessemer steel made in the United States, 378 ; prominent metallurg^ts 
on HoUey's work, 379 ; growth of Bessemer process, 380 ; letters from 
Mr. James Riley and Mr. Windsor Richards, 381 ; the basic steel pro- 
cess. 382 ; Holley's official positions, 383 ; conclusion, 383. 384. 

Dressing iron ore in Spain. 1894. ii. .301. 

of spathic ores. 1894, i. 426. 

wheels and axles. 1897, ii. 443. 

DREYFUS, C, on by-products from coke-ovens. 1893, i. 240. 

Dripton, coal-breaking works at. 1890. ii. 731. 

Drill, boring shell. 1891, i. 404. 

diamond. 1892, ii. 333. 

diamond, hand, in Sweden. 1892, ii. 334. 




GENERAL INDEX. 205 

Drill, electric. 1890, ii. 803 ; 1891, L 318, ii! 167 ; 1894, ii. 29& 

electric rock. 1891, ii. 156 ; 1892, i. 292, ii. 333 ; 1898, ii. 325, 326. 

hand, the use of. 1890, i. 209 ; 1891, i. 271. 

lioles, cuTTatare of. 1894, ii. 296. 

hydraulic rock. 1891, ii. 158. 

power. 1891, i. 268 ; 1894, ii. 356. 

rock. 1891, ii 156 ; 1892, i. 292 ; 1893, i. 267 ; 1896, i. 296. 

rock, trials of. 1891, 1. 269. 

Dbillino cast iron, pressure used in. 1890, ii. 839. 

Fauck system of. 1897, ii. 287. 

machine, radial. 1890, i. 336. 

machines. 1891, ii. 294; 1892, i. 452 ; 1893. i. 361 ; 1895, L 454. 

square and polygonal holes, machine for. 1890, ii. 802. 

Driving an adit. 1897, ii. 352. 

levels. 1891, i. 270 ; 1899, i. 344. 

luvels in hard dolomite. 1892, i. 292. 

stone drifts. 1897, i. 420. 

DKOUNIAK, F., on coal in France. 1900, ii. 434. 
DUOGE. A., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 551. 

on coal-dust in mines. 1897, ii. 361. 

on spontaneous combustion in collieries. 1899. i. 356. 

DKOLZ, H., on electric rock drills. 1896, i. 297 ; 1896, il 287. 
DliON, K. W., on coal in Scotland. 1896, i. 335 ; 1900, i. 294. 
DK0N8F1ELD, JosBPii Herbert, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 
DRONSFIELD. William, appointed scrutineer. 1897, i. 1. 
Duor test for wheels. 1891, ii. 314. 

DROSON, J. M., on determination of aluminium. 1891. ii. 321. 
Drottmngholm Palace, visit to. 1898, ii. 271. 
DKOUIN, A., on fuel resources of the Andes. 1893, ii. 358. 
DKUGE, J., on compressed air at Blanzy collieries. 1894, i. 490. 

on methods of working coal. 1894, i. 492. 

Dkummond colliery. 1897, i. 435. 

DKUMMOND, O. E.. on Canadian coal. 1898, i. 551. 

on Canadian mineral statistics. 1896, ii. 464; 1899. i. 481. 

on iron industry of Canada. 1894, i. 631 ; 1900, ii. 597. 

DRUMMOND, T. J., on charcoal-burning in Canada. 1896, i. 326. 
Dry assay of iron ores. 1896, i. 538. 

cooling process for coke. 1900, i. 307. 

distillation of fir wood. 1900. ii. 444. 

Drying fireclay in large masses. 1897. ii. 299. 

furnace for foundries. 1890, i. 302. 

ore. 1898, ii. 381. 

DUBBEL, H., on mine drainage. 1899. ii. 380. 

on winding-engines. 1898, i. 403. 

DUBBERS, H., on basic slag. 1897, i. 509. 

DUBOIN, A., on alnminium as a reducing and beating agent. 1899, ii. 476. 

DUBOIS, H. W., on determination of iron. 1896, ii. 601. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1897, iL 609. 

DUBS. H.. on electricity in mining. 1896. ii. 327. 
DUBSKT, A., on electric locomotives. 1898, L 407. 
DUBSON, A. J., on boiler-pUites. 1898, i. 378. 



206 GENERAL INDEX. 

DUC, H., on prevention of ice in shafts. 1897, it 342. 
DUCKHAM, A. E., on steel roofs for mill bnildings. 1897, ii. 421. 
DUCLOS, D., on iron manafactore in China. 1898, ii. 484. 

on minerals in China. 1898, i. 552. 

DUCRU, 0., on determination of nickeL 1897, ii. 506 ; 1898, ii. 561. 
DUDLEY, C. B., on American standard specifications, and methods of 
testing iron and steel. 1900, ii. 237. 

on analyses. 1894, i. 600 ; 1897, i. 566. 

on analysis of coal. 1898, ii. 563. 

on analysis of iron and steel. 1898, i. 402. 

on determination of carbon. 1894, i. 609. • 

on determination of phosphorus. 1893, ii. 528 ; 1894, iL 491. 

on influence' of aluminium on the carbon in cast iron. 1900, ii. 255. 

Paper on '* Wear of metal as influenced by its chemical and physical 
properties," 1890, ii. 250 ; introduction, 250 ; influence of sulphur and 
silicon, 251 ; Sandberg's experience, 254 ; conclusions of M. Verschovsky, 
255 ; specifications for locomotive tyres, 257 ; analysis of unequally worn 
tyres, 258 ; experiments with alloys used as bearing metals, 260 ; the 
standard bearing metal, 261 ; wear of different alloys, 264 ; elements 
entering into the problem of wear, 267 ; relation between wear and 
the chemical and physical properties of metals, 269. — DiscuMiwx: Sir 
Lowthian Bell, 270 ; the President. 272. 

DUDLEY, P. H., on rails. 1890, i. 341 ; 1892, i. 455 ; 1893, ii. 506 ; 1896, 
i. 478 ; 1899, i. 440; 1900, ii. 561. 

DUDLEY, W. L.. on production of charcoal. 1891, ii. 186. 

DUFF, Edward James, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

on chilled rolls. 1893, i. 321. 

on economy in steam. 1897, i. 521. 

on electric welding. 1894, i. 5G1 . 

DUFOUR, C, on forging presses and steam -hammers. 1893, ii. 454. 

DUFRANE-DEMANET, a., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601 ; 1899, ii. 532. 

DuiSBURG steelworks, open-hearths at. 1897, ii. 432. 

DUJARDIN-BEAUMETZ, F., books on mining by. 1890, i. 408, 409. 

on mining machinery at the Paris Exhibition. 1890, ii. 712. 

DULONO formula. 1898, i. 372. 

DULUTH, visit to. 1890, s. v. 204. 

DUMAS, L., on magnetic properties of iron and »teel. 1899, ii. ihZ. 

on nickel. 1900, ii. 549. 

DUMBLE, E. T., book on mining by. 1893, ii. 563. 

on coal in Mexico. 1900, i. 300. 

on coal in Texas. 1896, ii. 304. 

on grahamite in Texas. 1893, i. 245. 

DUMMLER, A., book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 537. 

DUMONT, E., on magnetic properties. 1899, i. 421, ii. 453. 

on nickel steel. 1898, ii. 528. 

DUN, W. S.. on iron ore in New South Wales. 1900, ii. 410. 

DUNBAR, C, on coal-dust in mines. 1894, i. 505. 

DUNCAN, D. J. R., on riveted steel pipes. 1892, i. 446. 

DUNCAN, W., on inclines or shafts for coal-mining. 1892, ii. 304. 

DuNDEKLAND iron ore deposits. 1894, ii. 278. 

DUNELL, Gbobgk R., elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 

on American shipbuilding. 1899, i. 503. 



GENERAL INDEX. 207 

DUNKBRLET, C. C, obituary notice of. 1898, ii. 326. 
DUNLOP, Alkxandeb Milxb, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 310. 
DUNN, B. W., on testing iron. 1898, i. 513. 
DUNN, E. J., on coal in South Africa. 1899, ii. 347. 
DUNN, R. L.. on coal resources of Siberia. 1899, i. 318. 
DUNNINGTON, F. P., on determination of titanium. 1892, i. 4l»4. 
DUNSTAN, W. R., on coal in India. 1898, ii. 397. 

on rusting of iron. 1899, ii. 478. 

on steel rails. 1900, ii. 550. 

DUNSTON, G., on Midland coalfield. 1897, i. 367, 
Duplex forging press. 1891, ii. •:6-2. 

process. 1900, i. 386. 

DUPORQ, E.. on collieries. 1897, i. 435. 
DUrP, J. A., on boiler-plate. 1898, i. 515. 
DUPUY, M., on resistance of rivets. 1895, ii. 570. 
DUQUESNE. blast-furnace plant. 1897, i. 451. 

steelworks, United States. 1892, i. 435. 

DURANT, L., on wheels for railway vehicles. 1893, ii. 50*,*. 
DUBATION of British coalfields. 1892, i. 501. 

of coal supply. 1893, i. 448. 

of existing collieries in Germany. 1890, i. 390. 

of natural gas supplies. 1891, ii. 196. 

DURFEE, William Franklin, obituary notice of. 1899, ii. 292. 

on action of water on iron. 1897, i. 563. 

on Bessemer process. 1890, ii. 143. 

on Gjers soaking pits. 1891, i. 402. 

on history of rolling-mill. 1899, i. 395. 

on interchangeable construction in mechanism. 1893, ii. 482. 

on nature of wrought iron ;ind steel. 1896, ii. 401. 

on steel -making in the United States before 18U». 1892, i. 42h. 

on wire ropeways. 1895, i. 300. 

DUBIIAM blast-furnace. 1890, i. 285. 

coal in. 1900, i. 294. 

coalfield, geology of. 1892, ii. 352. 

coke -waking in. 1895, ii. 419. 

DURHAM, £. B., on mine surveying. 1896, ii. 342. 
DURNFORD, D. F. G., on coal in Borneo. 1895, ii. 416. 
DURNFORD, H. «T. J., on Barnsley seam. 1898. i. 373. 

on electrical transmission of power. 1897, ii. 348. 

on Silkstone and Beeston seams. 1896, i. 334. 

DuRRE and Siegert pyrometer. 1894, i. 434. 

DURRE, E. F., books on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 890 ; 1893, i. 449 ; 1895. i. 

647, ii. 632 ; 1896, i. 573, ii. 486 ; 1897, ii. 550 ; 1898, ii. 599 ; 1899, i. 506 ; 

1900, i. 492. 

on anthracite blast-furnace plant. 1894, i. 524. 

on by-product coke-ovens. 1900, ii. 447. 

on fireclay. 1895, ii. 394. 

on franklinite deposits of New Jersey. 1894, i. 416. 

on manufacture of malleable iron. 1898, i. 476. 

' on separation of carbon in blast-furnaces. 1899, i. 376. 

DURWARD, A., on magpietic properties of iron and steel. 1899, i. 421. 



208 GENERAL INDEX. 

DUSAUOEY, E., on brown coal in Algeria. 1899, i. 312.* 

DUBT-OATOHEBS. 1890, li. 493. 

Dust explosions, prevention of. 1891, i. 338. 

freeing furnace gases from. 1895, i. 389. 

in collieries, laying. 1891, ii. 228. 

DUTHU, M. P., on cooling blast-furnaces. 1898, i. 291. 

DUTTING, C, on mine timber. 1898, ii. 434. 

on working adjacent seams at Saarbriicken. 1893, i. 269. 

DUTTON, C. S., on crane chains. 1890, iL 834. 

DUVAUX, G., on the hanging of charges in the blast-furnace. 1898, i. 297. 

Dux brown coal district. 1894, i. 440. 

DVORKOVITCH, P., on carburisation of peat. 1894, ii. 340. 

on origin of petroleum. 1900, i. 310. 

on production of gaseous fuel. 1898, ii. 383. 

DWIGHT, W. B., on iron ore beds. 1890, i. 195. 

DYE, F., book on mining by. 1895, i. 549. 

DYER, H. C. S., obituaryjnotice of. 1898, i 315. 

on experiments with basic steel. 1892, i. 62. 

Paper on ** The production of pure iron and steel," 1892, i. 88 ; manner 
of charging and working furnace, 88 ; analysis of metal obtained, 88 ; 
forging the iron, 89 ; magnetic properties, 89 ; difficulties of producing 
and making pure iron, 89 ; principle of the process, 89 ; scrap used, 89 ; 
coke consumed, 90 ; ore additions, 90 ; amount of slag produced, 90 ; 
phosphorus eliminated, 90 ; tensile strength and chemical analysis, 90. — 
DUeusnon: E. Riley, 92 ; G. J. Snelus, 93, 94 ; Sir Lowthian Bell, 94 ; the 
President, 94 ; J. Hardisty, 95 ; F. W. Paul, 96 ; G. S. Packer, 98 ; A. E. 
Tucker, 100 ; H. Dyer, 100 ; the President, 101. 

DYER, W. E. L., on wire-rod rolling. 1894, ii. 429. 

Dynamite fumes. 1892, ii. 402. 

in Austrian mines. 1893, ii. 394. 

in blast-furnace practice. 1896, i. 406. 

Dynamos, the manufacture of. 1896, ii. 393. 

DYRSSEN, G., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

DYSON, G., obituary notice of. 1891, ii. 128. 



E. 

EADIE, A., on cupola practice. 1900, i. 360. 

EAGLAND, William Francis, elected member. 1895. ii. 6. 

EAKINS, L. G.. on meteorites. 1890, i. 206 ; 1894, i 424. 

Eames' direct process. 1898, i. 347. 

EAMES, H. H., on bicycle tubing. 1896, ii. 410. 

Earliest production of coke. 1899, ii. 357. 

Early anthracite iron industry. 1900, ii. 503. 

days of iron manufacture. 1895, i. 418. 



- ironmaking in the United Stotes. 1893, ii. 451 ; 1895. ii. 477. 
- iron ore mining in Michigan. 1896, ii. 289. 

- open-hearth steel manufacture. 1893, i. 329. 

- Scotch mining. 1894, i. 507. 

- steel bridges. 1894, i. 567. 

- wrought iron in India. 1895, ii. 491. 



GENERAL INDEX. 209 

Eabnls'GS and efficiency of American workmen. 1892, i. 529. 
BARNSHAW, E. H., on new gas analysis apparatus. 1899, i. 470. 
Earth explosion or bump. 1893, ii. 403. 

pulsations and mine gas. 1898, ii. 414. 

East Africa, German coal in. 1897, i. 385. 

Anglia, coal in. 1892, i. 320. 

Chicago (Indiana), rolling-mill at. 1890, i. 307. 

Howie colliery, haulage at. 1894, i. 486. 

Eastern counties, coal in. 1895, ii. 404. 

limits of the Midland coalfield. 1895, i. 311 ; 1896, ii. 298. 

EAiSTLAKE, A. W., on petroleum in Eastern Europe. 1892, ii. 380. 

EASTWICK, A. T., on determination of nickel. 1894, i. 165. 

EASTWICK, J. H., on welding nickel and steel. 1893, ii. 357. 

EASTWOOD, Thomas Cauline, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

EATON, J. G., on nickel steel. 1895. ii. 196. 

EAVENSON, A., on determination of phosphorus. 1894, ii. 492. 

EBELING, A., on magnetic properties of iron. 1897, i. 524, ii. 455. 

EBERDT, 0., on brown coal at Seftenberg. 1895, i. 317. 

EBERT, T., on deep boring. 1896, i. 366. 

ECHALAZ, liENiiY, elected member. 1893, i. 1. 

ECHEVARRIA, Jose de. elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

ECKERMANN, G., on alleged treacheroustiess uf ingot iron. 1895. ii. 569. 

ECKERSDORF, fireclay from. 1892, ii. 343. 

ECKMAN, W. H., on <iecorative ironwork. 1895, i. 453. 

Economical use of gase:>. 1896, i. 407. 

Economics of coal-mining. 1899, ii. 388 ; 1900, i. 340, ii. 483. 

in iron manufacture. 1895, i. 412. 

Economy in anthracite mining. 1891, ii. 208. 

in furnace working. 1898, ii. 406. 

of an electric mining plant. 1891, i. 3*20. 

steam, in rolling-mill engine practice. 1892, i. 425. 

EcL'adou, coal in. 1892, ii. 367. 

petroleum in. 1892, ii. 383. 

EDE, J. A., on American collieries. 1899, i. 364, ii. 392 ; 1900, i. 342. 

on Wellston coal district in Ohio. 1894, i. 449. 

on working coal. 1899, i. 31V>. 

EDELEANU, L., on petroleum in Roumania. 1900, ii. 455. 
Eden Lake, Austria, the peat deposits of. 1890, ii. 695. 
EDGAR, C. G., on a new gas analysis apparatus. 1898, ii. 565. 
Edgab Thomson furnaces. 1890, s. v. 237. 

steel works. 1890, s. v. 237, 293, 433 ; 1892, i. 434. 

EDGE, John Harris, obituary notice of. 1900, ii. 388. 
EoiilNG machine, armour-plate. 1893, ii. 486. 
Edison laboratory. 1890, s. v. 405. 

magnetic concentrating plant. 1897, ii. 294. 

ore briquettes. 1898, i. 359. 

EDMONDS, R., appointment of, as scrutineer. 1892, i. 1. 

on testing metals for artillery. 1891, i. 77. 

EDMUNDS, Henry, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 
Education, scientidc in the United States. 1890, s. v. 65. 



210 GENRE AL INDEX. 

EDWARDS, E., on colliery explosions. 1897, ii. 360. 
EDWARDS, E. R, elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 
EDWARDS, James Habry, elected member. 1899, i. 2. 
EDWARDS, v., on phosphoric anhydride in slags. 1892, 1. 493. 
EDWARDS, W. S., book on mining by. 1893, i. 450. 

on coal and coke in West Virginia. 1893, i. 238. 

EEKHOUT, R. A., on coal in MaUysia. 1891, ii. 184 ; 1892, ii. 361. 

Effect, electro-chemical, on magnetising iron. 1890, ii. 84^; 1891, 
i. 419. 

of coal-dust in colliery explosions. 1891, i. 335. 

of cold on iron and steel. 1890, ii 824 ; 1898, il 490. 

of heat treatment on steel. 1900, 1. 408. 

of lime and magnesia on salphar in the blast-fnmace. 1899, ii. 411. 

of oil on iron. 1898, ii. 521. 

of phosphorns on iron. 1890, ii. 829. 

of pickling and rusting on the strength of iron. 1891, i. 428. 

of punching and shearing. 1898. ii. 502 ; 1899, ii. 465. 

of reheating on steel. 1895, i. 464. 

of remelting pig iron. 1900, ii. 504. 

of steam on magnets. 1892, i. 465. 

of temperatore on the strength of iron and steel. 1890, ii. 826 ; 1899. 

ii. 458. 

of tempering on the electrical resistance of steel. 1891, i. 419. 

of velocity and tension of gases on the blast-furnace process. 1890, 



•279. 
of vibration on wrought iron. 1896, i. 502. 



Epficibncty, armour-plates. 1893, ii. 517. 

earnings and, of American workmen. 1892, i. 529. 

gaseous fuel. 1894, ii. .345. 

mine pumps. 1895, ii. 386. 

tests of coaL 1892, i. 310. 

EGERTON, Francis, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 
Egypt, iron working in. 1895. ii. A\n. 
Egyptian petroleum. 1890. ii. 7r)2. 
EHRENBERG, a., on winding mpe^. 1897, ii. 344. 
EHRENHOFER, W., on determination of carbon. 1897. ii. 496. 
EHRENSBERGER, E., elected member. 1896. i. 2. 
EHRENWERTH, J. G. VON, book on metallurgy by. 1895. ii. G32. 

on direct manafacture of malleable iron. 1891, i. 376. 

on direct reduction of iron. 1891, ii. 282 ; 1892, 1415. 

on sieel wire and wire rope. 1890, i. 331». 

on use of charcoal for smelting puqx)ses. 1891, i. 354. 

EHRHARDT. Bruno, obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 254. 
EHRHARDT, H.. on modern rolling mills. 1900, ii. 516. 

on seamless hollow goods. 1893, ii. 4s3. 

on spirally-welded tubes. 1894, ii. 431. 

EHRHARDT, L., on new rolling mill engines. 1899, ii. 423. 
EHRHARDT. T., on modern cupola practice. 1899, i. 386. 
EHRLICH. A., on windinE^ appliances. 1900, ii. 466. 
EiBKNTH.VL. coalfield of. 1897, i. 37»;. 
EICHEMEYER, C, on properties of aluminium iron. 1892. ii. 4J»'». 



GENERAL INDEX. 211 

EICHHOFF, Otto Carl Ludwio, elected member. 1898, i. 1. 
EICHLEITER, C. F., on analyses of Austrian steel. 1898, ii. 604. 

on Austrian coal. 1896, i. 336 ; 1898, ii. 394 ; 1900, i. 295. 

on Austrian graphites. 1896, i. 826. 

on Austrian pig iron. 1896, i. 419 ; 1898, ii. 474. 

on Hungarian iron ore. 1898, ii. 349. 

on iron ores. 1896, i. 298. 

on limestones and dolomites. 1896, i. 325. 

on petroleum in Bosnia. 1898, ii. 421. 

EIDLITZ, L., on structural steel. 1896, i. 480. 
EiFEL, discovery of coal in the. 1893, i. 221. 
EiGHTEEN-iNCH three-high roll train. 1895, i. 417. 
EILERS, K., on electric locomotives in mines. 1892, i. 352. 
EISENBACH, on crucible steel furnaces. 1898, ii. 494. 
EiSBNBERO, fire-resisting stone from. 1890, ii. 736. 
EKELUND, H., books on metollurgy by. 1891, ii. 366. 
Ekman furnace. 1898, ii. 14. 
EKMAN, J., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 
Elastic limit. 1897, i. 536. ii. 467 ; 1899, i. 433. 

limit, measuring strains within. 1890, ii. 833. 

Elasticity, theory of. 1898, ii. 532. 
Elba, haematite from. 1896, ii. 275. 

iron ore in. 1894, i. 405 ; 1898, ii. 349 ; 1899, ii. 514 ; 1900, ii. 404. 

mines of. 1895, i. 141 ; 1897, i. 601. 

E LEERS, A. D., on magnesia in blast-furnace slag. 1895, i. 405. 

on slag. 1896, ii. 483 ; 1899, ii. 410. 

on slag cement. 1896, i. 422 ; 1897, ii. 405 ; 1898, i. 465. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace slag. 1900, i. 358, ii. 509. 

Elbingebodb, iron ore of. 1896, i. 300. 
ELDRIDGE, G. H., on coal in Idaho. 1896, ii. 303. 
on coal in the Rocky Mountains. 1898, i. 378. 

Election of members. 1890, i. 1, ii. 15; 1891, i. 10, ii. 61 ; 1892, i. 2, ii. 3 ; 
1893, i. 1, ii. 4; 1894, i. 1, ii. 3 ; 1895, i. 1, ii. 6 ; 1896, i. 2, ii. 3 ; 1897, 
i. 1, ii. C ; 1898, i. 1, ii. 4 ; 1899, i. 1, ii. 5 ; 1900, i. 1, ii. 4. 

Electric arc, temperature of. 1898, i. 218. 

boring. 1899, i. 300. 

coal-cutting machinery. 1893, il 396 ; 1895, i. 360. 

colliery railway, an. 1891, ii. 208. 

conductors for mines. 1892, i. 354, ii 411 ; 1894, I 489. 

Construction Company, Wolverhampton. 1895, ii. 320. 

diamond boring-machine. 1890. i. 209 ; 1891, i. 318. 

drill. 1890, ii. 803 ; 1891, ii. 157. 

foundry cranes. 1896, ii. 363, 

furnaces. 1893. ii. 479 ; 1895, i. 450 ; 1897, ii 445. 

fuses. 1898, i. 415. 

fusion of iron. 1896, ii. 367. 

liaulage. 1891, i. 326, ii. 209 ; 1892, ii. 396 ; 1893, i. 257, 355 ; 1895, 



ii. 434 ; 1896, ii 288. 

— haulage at Dumbreck colliery. 1894, i. 487. 

— haulage in iron mines. 1895, i. 299. 

— haulage in Pennsylvania. 1894, i 486. 



212 GSNEKAL INDEX. 

Electric lamps, miner's. 1890, i. 267, ii. 720 ; 1891, i. 342, ii. 225 ; 1892, 

i. 378, ii. 409 ; 1898, ii. 447. 

lighting of collieries. 1891, i. 340. 

lighting plant at the Terni steelworks. 1890, ii. 789. 

locomotives. 1892, i. 352 ; 1898, ii. 392: 1894, ii. 353 ; 1895, i. 353 ; 

1898, i. 406. 

machinery. 1898, i. 496. 

machines, use of steel in. 1894, i. 576. 

mine-locomotives. 1892, ii. 397 ; 1896, ii. 326. 

mining machinery. 1891, i. 343. 

mining machines, pneumatic, hydraulic, and. 1890, i. 258. 

mining plant, economy of. 1891, I 320. 

motors in workshops. 1890, ii. 803 ; 1895, i. 454, ii. 535. 

oscillations in iron wires, damping of. 1891, ii. 300. 

power for rock-drills at Ischl. 1894, i. 490. 

power hammer. 1892, i. 418. 

power in rolling-mills. 1898, ii. 488; 1899, ii. 423; 1900, i. 376, 

ii. 515. 

power in steelworks. 1890, ii. 789 ; 1899, i. 416. 

power in the iron industry. 1895, i. 420. 

properties of metals. 1897, i. 524. 

pumping plants. 1892, i. 366, ii. 406 ; 1893, i. 279. 

rail welding. 1894, ii. 428 ; 1895, ii. 530. 

resistance of steel. 1892, ii. 491 ; 1893, ii. 493 ; 1899, i. 422. 

resistance of steel, effect of tempering on. 1891, i. 419. 

rock blasting. 1898, i. 204. 

rock-drilU. 1891, ii. 156; 1892, i. 292, ii. 333 ; 1893, i. 203; li. 325. 

326 ; 1894, ii. 298 ; 1895, i. 297 ; 1896, i. 315 ; 1899, ii. 330 ; 1900, i. 283. 

safety apparatus for cages. 1892, i. 348. 

shot-firing. 1891, i. 321 ; 1898, ii. 394. 

shot-firing, position of bore-holes for. 1893, ii. 327. 

signalling for mine cages. 1891, i. 328. 

signals. 1890, i. 270, ii. 726. 

smelting of iron and steel. 1899, ii. 434. 

softening machine. 1897, ii. 446. 

steel wire annealing. 1891, ii. 289. 

testing of iron. 1893, i. 366. 

transmission of power. 1890, ii. 724 ; 1891, ii. 209 ; 1894, ii. Hi'o ; 

1897, ii. 347 ; 1898, i. 399, 407, ii. 433 ; 1899, ii. 330. 
travelling crane. 1893, ii. 452. 

underground haulage. 1892, i. 351. 

welding. 1890, i. 330, ii. 811 ; 1891. ii. 287 ; 1892. i. 414. ii. 462 ; 1893. 

i. 355, ii. 478; 1894. i. 561, ii. 426; 1895, i. 449; 1896, i. 473, ii. 386; 

1898, i. 496 ; 1899, ii. 445. 

winding engines. 1891, ii. 214 ; 1895, i. 2U5. 

windlass. 1891, ii. 201. 



Electrically welded projectiles. 1890, ii. 813 ; 1892, ii. 477. 
Eleci'HICITY and compressed air, comparison of. 1890, i. 25>^. 

as a motive power. 1894, i. 252. 

at the Aspen mines. 1892, i. 347. 

in fiery mines. 1893, ii. 409. 

in iron manufacture. 1898, i. 4U1. 



GENERAL INDEX. 213 

Electricity in mines. 1890, i. 255, ii. 726 ; 1891, ii. 208 ; 1894, i. 487, ii. 
354 ; 1895, i. 354 ; 1896, i. 371, ii. 326 ; 1897, i. 415; 1899, i. 341, ii. 372 ; 
1900, i. 326, ii. 470. 

in mining, the distribution of. 1890, ii. 723. 

in relation to mining. 1892, i. 353, ii. 411 ; 1898, i. 282. 

in Swedish mines. 1897, i. 353. 

in wire manufacture. 1895, ii. 535. 

ore dressing by, at the Tilly Foster Mine. 1890, ii. 674. 

rules relating to the use of. 1891, i. 347. 

screening of coal by. 1896, i. 386. 

welding by. 1890. ii. 231. 

Electbo-chemical deposition of iron. 1890, ii. 767 ; 1894, ii. 477. 

Electro-chemical effects on magnetising iron. 1890, ii. 848 ; 1891, i. 419 ; 
1893, ii. 520. 

Electro-conductivity of iron and steel. 1891, ii. 300 : 1895, i. 457. 

Electro-magnetic concentration. 1898, ii. 330. 

separation. 1894, ii. 301. 

Electro-metallurgy. 1896, i. 483. 

Electro-motors for charging appliances. 1898, i. 489. 

for rolling-mills. 1898, i. 481. 

resistance of iron. 1890, i. 355. 

Electrolytic deposition of iron. 1891, ii. .321. 

determination of iron. 1899, i. 467. 

iron. 1894, i. 571 ; 1898, ii. 548. 

laboratory. 1900, i. 431. 

Element, possible new, in cast iron. 1898. i. 528. 

Elements in steel, determination of some rarer. 1892, ii. 517. 

influence of, on iron. 1898, i. 528. 

Elevators, steam, at the Commentry collieries. 1890, ii. 729. 

ELGAR, Francis, on war material in the United Sutes. 1891, i. 222. 

Elimination of arsenic in determination of phosphorus. 1891, i. 436. 

of sulphur. 1891, i. 429, ii. 248 ; 1893, ii. 435. 

ELKINGTON & CO., Limited. 1895, ii. 324. 

ELLINGEN, W., on winding ropes. 1897, ii. 344. 

ELLINGHAUS. 0., book on mining by. 1896, ii. 488. 

ELLIOT, Sir G., obituary notice of. 1894, i. 390. 

ELLIOTT, A. C, on a portable recorder for tests of metals. 1897, ii. 164. 

on compound air compressors and motors. 1891, ii. 220. 

on strength of corrugated sheets. 1897, ii. 470. 

on testing machines. 1898, i. 512. 

ELLIiS, A. D., on New Zealand magnetic iron sands. 1896, i. 70. 

ELLIS, C. E., on tests of armour-plate. 1894, i. 589. 

ELLIS, J. D., on experiments with basic steel. 1892, i 72. 

ELLIS, T. L., obituary notice of. 1898, ii. 327. 

ELLIS, W. Hodgson, on pre-carboniferous coal. 1898, i. 381. 

ELLISON, C. C, on compressed air. 1897, i. 417. 

ELLS, R. W., on iron ore resources of Eastern Quebec. 1890, i. 385. 

ELSDEN, J. v., book on mining by. 1899, i. 508, ii. 532. 

ELSNER, J., on coke ovens. 1899, i. 329. 

ELWEN, T. L., on mine ventilation. 1895, i. 363 ; 1896, i. 378. 

on resistance to air-currents in mines. 1890, i. 261. 



214 GENERAL INDEX. 

ELT, H., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

EMERSON, B. K., on iron ore in Massachosetts. 1900, ii. 412. 
Emsby crown, boring machine with. 1891, i 318. 
EMERY, C. E., on calorific power of coal. 1897. i. 362. 
EMMENS, 8. H., book on metallnrgj bj. 1892, i. 584. 

on determination of nickel and cobalt. 1893, i. 414. 

EMMONS, 8. F., on genesis of ore deposits. 1900, ii. 402. 

on iron ore deposits of Missouri. 189^ i. 41G. 

on iron ore in United States. 1893, ii. 314. 

«- on origin of petroleum. 1898, ii. 424. 

on petroleom in Russia. 1898, ii. 419. 

Enamelled iron. 1899, ii. 450 ; 1900, i. 395. 

Enamelukg iron. 1891, ii. 298. 

ENDEMANN, H., on analysis of bitumen. 1897, ii. 511. 

on asphalt. 1900, i. 317. 

Endless chain of the Soci^t<^ Franco-Beige. 1896, ii. 58. 

rope haulage. 1892, i. 850 ; 1894, i. 485. ii. 353. 

ropes. 1893, ii. 390. 

Endubance of steel bars. 1899, i. 433. 

Enebgy in fuel gas. 1900, ii. 460. 

ENGEL, C, on coal in Germany. 1900, ii. 603. 

ENGEL, G. W., on handling coal. 1899, L 367. 

ENGELEKE, G., on rentilation in driving levels. 1891, i. 332. 

ENGELHARDT, H., on Dux brown-coal district. 1894, i. 440. 

ENGERTH, J. voN, on rails. 1897, iL 480. 

Engineering Newtj Editor of, on use of finely divided iron ore. 1899, iL 50. 

Engineebino, progress in materials for. 1891, ii. 42. 

works of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway. 1899, ii. 254. 

Enginks, blowing. 1898, ii. 437. 

blowing, at Newport ironworks. 1898, L 302. 

blowing, German and Austrian. 1893, i. 304, 333. 

gear for winding. 1894; ii. 350. 

petroleum, in mines. 1890, ii. 723 ; 1891, L 330. 

progress of marine. 1890, ii. 460. 

roUing-mill. 1890, ii. 768 ; 1891, i. 386 ; 1892, i. 424, ii. 449 ; 1893, 



L 322 ; 1895, ii. 494. 

winding. 1892, i. 348, ii. 395 ; 1893, i. 253 ; 1896. i. 369. 



England, coal in south-east of. 1890, i. 221. 

ENGLER, C, on artificial production of petroleum. 1894, i. 46x. 

on chemistry of petroleum. 1900, ii. 453. 

on petroleum. 1896, i. 354 ; 1898, ii. 425 ; 1900, i. 307. 

on petroleum from Burma. 1894, ii. 342. 

ENQUIST, F. L., on homogeneity of iron. 1893, i 364. 

Ensley furnaces. 1890, s. v. 336. 

ENVALL, E., on fireclay. 1900, i. 290. 

EOLOTROPY in steel. 1899, ii. 466. 

EPTON, W. M., on mine drainage. 1899, ii. 379. 

Equalisation of varying temperatures of hot-blast. 1900, i. 154. 

Equations, physical and chemical, of the open -hearth process. 1890, 
ii. 773. 

ERICH, A., on steel needles. 1895, ii. 536. 



GENERAL INDEX. 215 

ERNST, A., book on metallnrgj by. 1896, ii. 486. 

book on mining by. 1891, ii. 367 ; 1896, i. 649. 

on coal in South Russia. 1894, i. 442. 

on Donetz coalfields. 1895, i. 318. 

on iron and manganese ores in the Caacasus. 1891, ii. 160. 

on iron ore deposits of Russia. 1896, i. 2«0. 

ERNST, C. VON, on iron industry of Austria. 1900, ii. 592. 

on Mesurd and Nouel pyrometer. 1891, i. 280. 

on pyrometry. 1897, ii. 308. 

ERNST, R., on combustion of carbon in air. 1893, i. 217. 

ERPF, J. T., on hanging up of charges in blast-furnaces. 1892, i. 397. 

ERTBORN, Baron 0. van, on coal in Belgium. 1900, i. 296. 

Ebygmatoscope, Trouvd. 1891, i. 319. 

ESCHNER, M., book on mining by. 1898, i. 450. 

ESEBA lignite mines. 1893, ii. 349. 

BSKBANK iron works, N.S.W. 1891, i. 543. 

ESSON, W. B., on electricity in mines. 1899, i. 341. 

ESTEBAN, A., elected member. 1898, ii. 4. 

Estimating the value of basic slag. 1891, ii. 413. 

ESTRADA, E. D., on effect of suddenly applied loads. 1894, i. 678. 

Etchings, shop. 1898, i. 512. 

ETUERIDGE, R., on coal in Kent. 1897, ii. 309 ; 1898. ii. 393 ; 1899, ii. 342. 

ETHERINGTON, John, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

Ethiopia, iron in. 1898, ii. 486 ; 1899, i. 394. 

EUB(EA, magnesite in. 1895, ii. 396. 

EUCHfeNE, A., on calorimetry. 1900, ii. 428. 

EUDE, G., on Paris Exhibition. 1900, ii. 598. 

EULENSPIEGEL, voN, on hardening a Damascus blade. 1896, i. 452. 

Europe, manufacture of pig iron on the Continent of. 1900, s. ▼. 186. 

petroleum in. 1892, ii. 380 ; 1900, i. 310. 

royalties in. 1890, s. v. 192. 

European and American blast-furnace practice. 1892, ii. 423. 

coal production. 1892, i. 532. 

EUVEHTE, J., on iron and steel manufacture in France. 1895, ii. 612. 
EVANS, A. W., on beehive ovens. 1900, iL 444. 

on handling coal. 1899, ii. 396. 

EVANS, David (Middlesbrough), appointment of, as scrutineer. 1892, L 1. 

appointed representative on Lloyd's committee. 1898, i. 11. 

elected Member of Council. 1894, i. 9. 

on arsenic in steel. 1895, i, 117. 

on charging open-hearth furnaces by machinery. 1897, i. 110. 

on caustic lime in the blast-furnace. 1891, ii. 58. 

on coke-ovens. 1898, i. 68. 

on metal mixers. 1895, i. 71. 

on open-hearth continuous steel process. 1900, i. 71. 



EVANS, David (Sheffield), elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 
EVANS. David J., on timbering in mines. 1900, ii. 472. 
EVANS, David Llbwellin, elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 
EVANS, Evan David, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 
EVANS, GwiLYM, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 
EVANS, H. O., on malleable castings. 1900, ii. 612. 



216 GENERAL INDEX. 

EVANS, John, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 

EVANS, L. M., on underground haulage. 1899, i. 34a 

EVANS, P., on electricity in mines. 1899, i. 341. 

EVANS, R., obituary notice of. 189i, i. 391. 

EVANS, William (Cyfarthfa), elected Member of Council. 1894, i. 9. 

EVANS, William (Ilkley), obituary notice of. 1899, i. 261. 

Evans Nickel Mine. 1890, s. v. 211. 

Evaporating, utilisation of slag for. 1890, i. 297. 

EVELYN, John, on the earliest production of coke. 1899, ii. 357. 

EVERETT, E., on filling of mines. 1892, i. 295. 

on Puget Sound coal. 1890, ii. 692. 

EVERETT, S. A., on handling coal. 1900. ii. 488. 

on steel head-frames. 1899, ii. 370. 

EVERITT, C. K., on crucibles for steel melting. 1892, 1. 429. 
EVERSHED, S., on magnetic qualities of iron and steel. 189i, i. 574. 
EVESON, G. J., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 
Evolution of blast-furnace. 1899, ii. 40><. 

of tuyere stock. 1893, iL 434. 

E^'RARD, A., book on metallurgy by. 1891, i. 48a 

book on mining by. 1891, i. 484. 

on oil in Algeria. 1897, i. 400. 

EVRARD, Max., on a coal- washer. 1890, ii. 727. 

EWING, J. A., books on metallurgy bv. 1892, i. 533 ; 1899. iL 530; 190a ii. 
63C». 

elected member. 1899, i. 2. 

on elastic limit. 1899, i. 433. 

on explosives. 1898, i. 411. 

on magnetic properties of iron. 1892, ii. 488 ; 1893, ii. 493 ; 1895, ii. 



546 ; 1896. i. 492, ii. 397 ; 1898, il 528. 

— on measurement of small strains. 1895, ii. 557. 

— on micro-structure of iron. 1900, i. 397, ii. 54o. 
•n testing machines. 1894, ii. 450. 



EWING, W. W., on cast-iron columns. 1898, i. 514. 

ExAMiNATii>N, microscopic, of coai-dust after explosions. 1890, i. 265. 

Excavating machine. 1900, ii. 417, 

Excavator, Whittaker. 1894, ii. 29S. 

Excursions and visits during the autumn meetim^s. 1891, ii. li:V. 1892. 

ii. 282 : 1893. ii. 285 ; 1894, ii. 2;i9 ; 1895, ii. 31> : 1896, i:. 217 : 1897, ii. 

226 : 1898, ii. 262 ; 1899, ii. 243 , 1900, ii. 355. 

of Institute in United States. 1890, ii. t»48 ; 1891, i. 4. 

Exhaustion of the supply of natural gas. 1890, ii. 705. 
Exhibition, Paris, iron and steel at. 1890. ii. 816. 
Expansion and contraction of iron. 1897, ii. 464. 

cear for winding engines. 1894, ii. ^50. 

or tire-brick. 1896, ii. 2l>2. 

of steel erections bv sun's heat. 1899, i. 424. 

Expenditure of working men. 1890. s. v. o>, 42. 
ExPEKiMENTS OH bi:ist-furnace gases. 1891. ii. 244. 

on explosives. 1890. ii. 718. 

;i: r.re-xlac:: nrixturt^s. 1890, ::. 7-1. 

— >:-:a:i>l.vi!c?r. 1S90, ii. cn'. 




GENERAL INDEX. 217 

Experiments with basic steel. 1892, i. 32. 

with boiler steel. 1891, i. 423. 

with explosives. 1891, i. 322, ii. 203. 

with fan. 1891, i. 338. 

with Imperatori process. 1891. ii. 281. 

Exploring for iron ore. 1894, i. 426 ; 1898, ii. 371 ; 1900, i. 282. 

for iron ore in Sweden. 1898, ii. 47. 

with diamond drill. 1896, ii. 285. 

Explosions. 1893, ii. 404. 

coal-dust in mines. 1891, ii. 228 ; 1892, i. 381. 

colliery. 1892, i. 382 ; 1898, i. 424. 

colliery, prevention of. 1895, i. 368. 

dust, prevention of. 1891, i. 338. 

effect of coal-dust in colliery. 1891, i. 335. 

fire-damp. 1890, i. 266 ; 1892, ii. 413. 

tire-damp in Austria. 1898, ii. 415. 

tire-damp in Polish Ostrau. 1891, ii. 227. 

in blast-furnaces. 1896, ii. 353. 

in brown coal briquette factories. 1891, ii. 185. 

in gases, rate of. 1892, i. 380. 

in mining fireclay. 1896, i. 323. 



— in Nova Scotian collieries. 1895, i. 372. 
in puddling-furnaces. 1890, i. 305. 



microscopic examination of coal-dust after. 1890, i. 265. 

Explosives. 1893, ii. 396 ; 1894. i. 491. ii. 357 ; 1895, i. 357, ii. 438 ; 1896, 

i. 374, ii. 328 ; 1897, i. 420, ii. 352 ; 1898, i. 410, ii. 430 ; 1899, i. 346, ii. 

376 ; 1900, i. 329, ii. 472. 

and coal-dust. 1896, i. 381. 

and fire-damp, modern. 1892, ii. 399. 

at Bilbao. 1896, ii. 05. 

experiments with. 1890, ii. 718 ; 1891, i. 322, ii. 203. 

liigh, detonation of, by percussion. 1892, ii. 404. 

in mines, use of. 1890, i. 268 ; 1891, i. 322, ii. 158 ; 1893, i. 261. 

in relation to health. 1891, ii. 205. 

methods for testing. 1892, i. 357. 

new. 1891, ii. 205 ; 1892, i. 355, ii. 402 ; 1898, i. 264. 

products of combustion of. 1891, ii. 204. 

tests of. 1892, ii. 401. 

used in Anzin collieries. 1890, ii. 717. 



Exports, comparative iron trade. 1890, i. 406 ; 1895, ii. 620. 

of Belgian iron. 1891, i. 254. 

of iron and steel from the United Kingdom in 1890. 1890, ii. 858. 

of iron and steel in different countries. 1892, ii. 552. 

of iron ore from Bilbao. 1891, i. 463 ; 1893, i. 437. 

of Italian minerals. 1891, i. 460. 

of nickel from Canada. 1892, i. 509. 

of petroleum from the United States. 1890, i. 402 ; 1892, ii. 551. 

of Swedish iron. 1891, i. 464. 



Extension of West Cumberland coalfield. 1895, i. 313. 
Extinction of fire in mines. 1899, iL 383 ; 1900, i. 337. 
Extinguishing a fire in Lake Superior mine. 1892, i. 295. 



218 GENERAL INDEX. 

EXTRACTOBS, Imrge ingot. 1892, ii. 449. 

EXTBL'SION, production of metallic bars by. 1896, i. 53. 

ETERMANN, P., on modern rolling-mills.' 1900, ii. 516. 

on open-hearth fnmace. 1900, ii. 525. 

Eye accidents in iron and steel works. 1900, i. 395. 
Eye-bar, test of. 1893, iL 501 ; 1894, u. 459. 



P. 

Face hardening. 1897. i. 510. 

FACER, J. A., on forging wheeU. 1891, i. 403. 

FACKENTHAL, B. F., on a peculiar efflorescence upon pig iron. 1900, i. 357. 

on control of silicon in pig iron. 1892, ii. 434. 

on Durham blast-furnace. 1890, i. 285. 

on tujeres. 1899, i. 371. 

FADDA, S., book on metallurgy br. 1894, ii. 537. 
FAHLENKAMP, H., on barroUing-mills. 1898, i. 4m>. 

on tables for rolling-mills. 1898, ii. 490. 

FA H N DRICH , on lighting of collieries. 1900, ii. 480. 
Failure of a steel water main. 1893L ii. 509. 

of chilled rolls. 1893, i. 320. 

of winding-ropes in the Dortmund district. 1892. i. 349. 

FAIRBANKS, C, on determination of phosphorus. 1896, ii. 441. 
FAIRBANKS, H. W., on coal in California. 1896, ii. 3(;»3. 

on petroleum in California. 1896, ii. 316 ; 1899, ii. 361. 

Fairfield shipbuilding yard, machine tools at. 1891, i. 414. 

FAIRIJEY, W., book on" mining by. 1893, i. 450; 1894, ii. 53& : 1896. i. 

575. 
FAIVELEY, on electricity in mining. 1894, i. 488. 
Fall in shaft, repairing. 1895, ii. 431. 

of roof in anthracite mines. 1891, ii. 228. 

FALLOWS, ALDEB3IAN T. S., welcome by. 1896, ii. 1. 
Falun copper mines. 1898, ii. 296. 

museum. 1898, ii. 295. 

Fan, Capell, at Berge-Borbeck. 1891, i. 334. 

experiments. 1891, i. 333. 

for melting-furnaces. 1893, ii. 43l». 

in the foundry. 1898, i. 47a 

medium. 1890, i. 263. 

Ser. 1891, i. 335. 

Waddle. 1891, i. 334. 

FANE, C, on coal in Newfoundland. 1893, i. 225. 
FAN-TE.STING gauges. 1892, i. 376. 
FARKELL, G. C, on pyrometry. 1893, i. 218. 
FARLEY, Reuben, obituary notice of. 1899, i. 261. 

on chilled cast iron. 1892, i. 148. 

FARMER, G., on mining statistics. 1900, ii. 627. 
FAKNWORTH, ERNEST, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 



GENERAL INDEX. 219 

FARNWORTH, WILLIAM, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 310. 

on puddling. 1896, ii. 49. 

Faroe Islands, coal in. 1895, i. 319. 

FARRAR, William, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 

Farrel foundry, Connecticut. 1891, ii. ^53. 

FARRELL, A., on recovery of by-products. 1894, ii. 336. 

FARRINGTON, 0. C, on meteorites. 1896, i. 810 ; 1898, ii. 368. 

Fatigue of metals. 1895, ii. 556 ; 1898, ii. 536. 

FAUCAN, J., on addition of aluminium to ingot metal. 1894, ii. 439. 

FAUCK, A., book on mining by. 1899, ii. 532. 

on deep boring. 1898, U. 428 ; 1899, i. 335; 1900, i. 320, ii. 462. 

on Kauck system of drilling. 1897, ii. 287. 

FAUGIIT. L. R., on chill moulds. 1895, ii. 488. 
Faults in the Waldenburgh coalfield. 1898, i. 222. 
FAURE, C, on sanitation in collieries. 1900, ii. 483. 
Favierite, experiments with. 1898. i. 263. 
FAWCETT, W., on Canadian blast- furnaces. 1900, ii. 503. 

on handling coal. 1899, ii. 396. 

on handling iron ore. 1900, i. 286, ii. 420. 

on Lake Superior mining. 1900, ii. 418. 

on mining in Lake Superior district. 1899, ii. 327. 

on steam shovels. 1900, ii. 417. 

Fayalite crystals in slag. 1890, i. 294. 

from Cheyenne Mountain, Colorado. 1891, ii. 144. 

FAYOL. M., on Commentry coal basin. 1891, ii. 175. 

FECHNER, D., on Royal ironworks, Malapane and Kreuzburgerhtitte. 1895, 

ii. 475. 
FEDER.VL taxation. 1890, s. v. 21. 

FEDERMAN, D., on anthracite of the Val d'Aosta. 1895, i. 317. 
Feed for gas producers. 1896, ii. 320. 

tables, rolling-mill. 1890, ii. 771 ; 1891, i. 386. 

Feeding borings into cupolas. 1891, i. 372. 

FELICE, S. GOFFIN DE, on steel and cement flooring. 1893, ii. 510. 

FELLOWS, 8. J., obituary notice of. 1895, i. 262. 

Fences for winding shafts. 1894, i. 483. 

FENNEMA, R., on coal in Java. 1897, ii. 319. 

FERET. R, on slag cement. 1898, i. 465. 

FERGIE, C, on Dnimmond colliery. 1897, i. 435. 

on gas- testers. 1897, i. 431. 

on pumping appliances. 1896, ii. 333. 

FERGUSON, J., on Ceylon graphite. 1892, ii. 344. 

FERRARIS, E., on magnetic concentration of iron ores. 1898, ii. 378 ; 1900 
i. 2H8, il 422. 

on magnetic separating plant. 1892, ii. 341. 

FERRAUD, P., on iron industry of Brazil. 1894, ii. 291. 
Ferric oxide, formation of. 1895, i. 288. 

oxide, precipitation of alumina and. 1890, i. 376. 

sulphates, natural, from Chili. 1891, i. 259. 

Ferro-chrome. 1890, i. 365 ; 189a ii. 486 ; 1896, i. 525 ; 1900, i. 429. 
Ferro -CHROMIUM, manufacture of. 1900, ii. 569. 
Ferro-maxganese, crystallised. 1891, ii. 246. 



220 GENERAL INDEX. 

Febbo-makgaxese from Witkowitz. 1898, i. 314. 

irregularity of manganese in. 1898, i. 313. 

manufacture of. 1890, i. 289 ; 1898, i. 800. 

Febric-oxide and alumina, separation of. 1892, ii. 522. 
Febbosilicon. 1897, ii. 488 ; 1899, i. 3S4, ii. 474. 

analysis. 1897, i. 578. 

for foundry use. 1890, i. 299. 

from Witkowitz. 1898, i. 314. 

Fbbro-tungsten. 1893, i. 314. 

Febbugikised tree. 1896, i. 310. 

FERRY, C, on composition of firebricks. 1896, i. 323. 

on firebrick. 1896, ii. 292 ; 1897, i. 360. 

on fireclays. 1895, ii. 394 ; 1896, i. 322. 

on fireclays in New Jersey. 1895, i. 304. 

on fusibility of sand. 1^ i. 326. 

on sand for furnace bottoms. 1900, ii. 425. 

on testing fire-bricks. 1895, ii. 395, 

Febry, Chables H., elected member. 1898, ii. 4. 

Febtiliseb, basic slag as. 1892, ii. 459. 

FESSENDEN, R a., on recent work on molecular physics. 1896, ii. 4U1. 

F^VRE, L., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601. 

on shaft fences. 1895, it 431. 

FIALA, A., on mine surveying. 1899, i. 302. 

FiBBE and grain. 1897, i. 527. 

FiCHTELGEBiBGE, iron ore in the. 1892, ii. 308. 

FICKINGER, P. J., on tube-making. 1898, ii. 523. 

FIDLEH, T. C, on iron and steel as building materials. 1891, i. 40>^. 

FIEBELKORX, M., on bauxite. 1898, i. 365. 

FIEBER, R., on analysis of chrome iron ore. 1900, ii. 584. 

FIELD. E. R, book on mining by. 1900, i. 494. 

FIELDING, John, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

FlEBv mines, firing shots in. 1891, i. 320. 

mines, friction igniters in. 1892, ii. 404. 

mines, ventilation of. 1892, i. 369. 

FiFESHiBE, working coal in. 1898, i. 41^. 
File-steel. 1890, ii. blO. 
Files. 1898, ii. 524. 

cleaning of. 1897, i. 5VX 

FILITI, G. A., on petroleum in Roumania. 1900, ii. 455. 

on sulphur in Roumanian petroleum. 1899, ii. 492. 

Filling of mines. 1892, i. 2^35. 

system in Minnesota mines. 1892, ii. .S34. 

FILLUNGER, A., on Austrian collieries. 1899, ii. 3^S». 
— on coal screening and washing. 1899. ii. ;-»i>3. 

on explosives and blastinp. 1899, i. 347. 

on fire-damp. 1897, i. VM. 

on lighting of collieries. 1900, ii. 4KK 

on mine drainage. 1900, i. 333. 

Finance. 1890. i. 8 ; 1891. i. 22> ; 1892. i. 7 : 1893, i. !• : 1894. i. H» : 1895, 

i. ♦; ; 1896, i. 7 ; 1897. i. 6 : 1898. i. 7 : 1899, i. > ; 1900. i. 7. 
FINCKEN. C. W.. obituarv notice i>f. 1895. i. 2»52. 



GENERAL INDEX. 221 

Fine coal, atilisation of. 1899, ii. 393. 

ore in the blast-furnace. 1895, i. 386. 

Finely divided coal, burning of. 1896, i. 389. 

divided iron ore. 1899, ii. 8. 

Fining of iron. 1891, i. 370. 

FIXKENER, on resistance of iron to oxidation. 1899, i. 45G. 

Finland, iron ore in. 1900, i. 274. 

iron trade of. 1892, ii. 546 ; 1894, i. 640 ; 1896, i. 536 ; 1897, i. 611. 

mineral statistics of. 1890, i 392 ; 1891. i. 462 ; 1898, ii. 654 ; 1898, 

ii. 587. 
FINLAYSON, F., on manufacture of steel plates. 1893, ii. 125. 
FINNEY, W. A., on safety catches. 1894, ii. 351. 
FINZI, G., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1894, ii. 443. 
Fire, extinguishing, in Lake Superior mine. 1892, i. 295. 
Fire-bars of a manganese steel allov. 1894, i. 567. 
Fire-box and boiler steel, tests of. 1892, ii. 406. 

stays, steel. 1895, i. 477. 

Fire-boxes and boilers, specifications for steel for. 1890, i. 346. 

steel. 1893, ii. 508. 

Fire-brick. 1898, ii. 384 ; 1900, i. 290, ii. 425. 

conductivity and expansion of. 1896, ii. 292. 

manufacture in Russia. 1891, ii. 164. 

manufacture in Sweden. 1898, i. 364. 

testing. 1895, ii. 395. 

works. Mount Savage. 1890, ii. 736. 

Fire- BRICKS, colours of. 1897, i. 360. 

composition of. 1896, i. 323 ; 1897, i. 359. 

Kieselguhr. 1891, ii. 165. 

standard size for. 1893, i. 215. 

Fireclay. 1895, ii. 394 ; 1896. i. 322 ; 1897, i. 357 ; 1898. i. 363, ii. 382 ; 
1899, i. 304 ; 1900, i. 289, ii. 424. 

analyses of. 1890, ii. 735 ; 1892, i. 306. 

Eckersdorf. 1892, ii. 343. 

examination. 1893, ii. 333. 

from Bohemia. 1891, i. 275. 

from Maryland. 1892, i. 306. 

from Russia. 1891, i. 275. 

gas explosions in mining. 1896, i. 323. 

Groden. 1892, ii. 343. 

Hettenleidelbeim. 1890, ii. 736. 

in Colorado. 1897, ii. 299. 

in Missouri. 1897, ii. 300. 

in New South Wales. 1892, ii. 343. 

in Wildstein. 1892, ii. 343. 



Fireclays in New Jersey. 1895, i. 304. 

of Alabama. 1898, i. 208. 

refractory character of. 1895, i. 302. 

Fire-damp. 1891, i. 332 ; 1895, i. 372, ii. 446 ; 1896, ii. 335 ; 1897. i. 450. 

accidents in mines. 1890, ii. 722. 

barometer and. 1892, ii. 414. 

Commission, Austrian, report of. 1892, ii. 412. 



222 GENERAL INDEX. 

FiRE-DAMr, detection of. 18d0, ii. 721 ; 1898, i. 280, ii. 410 ; 1894, i. 500, 

ii. :{08 ; 1895, i. 373, ii. 447; 1898, i. 423, ii. 448 ; 1899, i. 355, ii. 383. 
determination of. 1896, i. 379. 

explosions. 1890, i. 266; 1891, ii. 227; 1892, ii. 413; 1893, ii. 415; 

1900, i. 334, ii. 479. 

in Anzin collieries. 1898, i. 281. 

in iron ore mines. 1899, ii. 331. 

indicators. 1890, i. 267 ; 1891, ii. 222 ; 1892, i. 380, ii. 410. 

mixtures, experiments on. 1890, ii. 721. 

modern explosives and. 1892, ii. 399. 

outbursts. 1899, ii. 382. 

removal of. 1890, i. 262. 

testing for. 1892, i. 379 ; 1897, ii. 357. 



KiHE-KESiSTiNO material, imports and exports of. 1891, ii. 343. 

sand. 1892, ii. 344. 

stove from Eisenberg. 1890, ii. 736. 

FlBES in mines. 1894, ii. 371 ; 1896, ii. 339 ; 1898, i. 425. 
FilUNQ, new method of. 1898, ii. 361. 

shots by electricity. 1891, i. 321. 

shots in fiery mines. 1891, i. 320. 

shots, low tension system of. 1891, ii. 203. 

FIRKET, A., on Belgian cannel coal. 1894, i. 442. 

on origin of coal. 1894, ii, 311. 

FIRKIN, Enoch Jackson, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

FiRMlNY, visit to. 1900, ii. 383. 

FIRMSTONE, F., on charging blast-furnaces. 1898, ii. 458. 

on dolomite in the blast- furnace. 1894, ii. 384 ; 1895, i. 405. 

First aid in mining accidents. 1897, ii. 292. 

Chinese steelworks. 1895, i. 443. 

coke blast-furnaces in Europe. 1898, ii. 472 ; 1900, i. 356. 

iron casting in America. 1895, i. 411. 

FIRTH. William, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 
FISCHER, on basic steel rails. 1898, ii. r)4(>. 
on charcoal making. 1900, i. 303. 

FISCHER. F., books on metallurgv bv. 1896, i. 573 ; 1897. ii. 551 ; 1900, 
i. 492. 

on analysis of producer gas. 1894, i. 619. 

on mixed producer gas. 1894, i. 475. 

FISCHER. M., on oil-fiolds of Barren County, Kentucky. 1890. i. 23S. 
FiSH-rLATES on Illinois Central Railway. 1898, i. ,517. 

railway. 1890, ii. i>Os. 

FISHER, R., on coal in Portug.il. 1896, i. XWk 

on coalfields of Labuan. 1894, ii. 325. 

on iron ores of Portugal. 1896, i. ;n>3. 

FissiKK walls form of. 1895. ii. 427. 
FirZiiERALD. F. A., on carborundum. 1897. i. ,V21. 
FITZaJERALP, J. F.. on magneti>m in iron. 1892, ii. 4»**». 
FITZNER W., on progress of shipbuilding. 1898, ii. .VJI. 
FLAuG. rSTANLEV Gkiswolu. Jun.. elect eu member. 1899, ii. i?. 
Fl-AMM, i\. ^ r. >hi: buiiaii: J. 1900. ii. 531', r.U. 
FLANPEK^. W. T.. ■ o..k or. r.ieiallisrgy by. 1900, :i. tVAo, 




GENSRAL INDEX. 223 

FLANDERS, W. T., on galvanising. 1896. i. 483. 

Flanging machines. 1891, i. 414, ii. 291 ; 1892, i. 447, ii. 465. 

Flashing point of petroleam. 1896, ii. 815. 

Flask, casting. 1890, i. HOI. 

Flat top coal region. 1891, i. 298. 

FLATHER, David, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 

on steel for cycles. 1900, ii. 536. 

FLATHER, J. J., on use of natural gas. 1898, ii. 426. 

Fleets of the world. 1900, i. 488. 

FLEMING, H. S., on peculiar working of a blast-furnace. 1890, i. 282. 

FLEMING, J. A., on electrical resistance of iron. 1892, ii. 491. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 226. 

on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1896, ii. 399, 401 ; 1897, ii. 

455 ; 1898f, ii. 528 ; 1899, ii. 455. 

Flenu collieries, Belgium. 1898, i. 427. 

FLETCHER, A. E., on ammonia in blast-furnace gases. 1891, i. 245. 

FLETCHER, G., on application of electricity to mining. 1892, ii. 411. 

FLETCHER. H., on Canadian coal. 1894, i. 447. 

on coal-mining in Canada. 1894, ii. 373. 

FLETCHER, J. E., on manufacture of steel castings. 1900, i. 392. 

FLETCHER, L., on meteorites. 1894, ii. 293. 

FLETCHER, L. E., on failure of a steel water main. 1898, ii. 509. 

FLETCHER, William (Cockermoath), obituary notice of. 1900, ii. 388. 

on coal-cutting machinery. 1894, i. 494. 

FLEURY, J., on coal in Mexico. 1899, i. 316. 

FLINT, F., on shaft-sinking. 1893, i. 251. 

FLINT, Henry, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

Flintshire, coal in. 1898, ii. 391. 

FLODOSIEFF, Capt., on hardening of steel. 1891, i. 418. 

FLOHR, G., on cutting machines. 1898. i. 3G2. 

Flood in Conemaugh Valley. 1890, s. v. 415. 

Flooring, steel and cement. 1893, ii. 510. 

Florence, Alabama, cosh of making pig iron at. 1890, i. 288. 

Flow in rolling steel. 1897. i. 495. 

of metals. 1890, ii. 831. 

of metals and its relation to testing. 1891, i. 418. 

of solids. 1894, i. 573. 

of steel. 1900, i. 407. 

FLOWER, Philip W., obituary notice of. 1892, ii. 291. 

Fluid compression of steel. 1897, i. 510. 

metal in the open-hearth furnace. 1900, i. 22. 

metal, manufacture of continuous sheets of malleable iron and steel 

direct from. 1891, ii. 23. 

Fluidity of nickel. 1897, ii. 473. 

Fluid-rolling process. 1890, ii. 771. 

Flume conveyer for coal. 1896, ii 454, 

Fluor-spar in blast-furnace. 1899, i. 370. 

use of. 1890, ii. 761. 

use of, in metallurgy of iron. 1890, i. 298. 

FLUX, A. W., on mining accidents. 1898, i. 560. 

Flux used at Bjelorezk ironworks. 1890, ii. 759. 



224 GENERAL INDEX. 

Fluxes. 1894, i. 537. 

Fly-wheels, stnictiiral steel. 1896, ii 31K). 

FODOR. E. DE, book on metallargr br. 1892, ii. 554. 

FOEHR, C. F.. on use of flaor-spar in metallurgv of iron. 1890, i. 2'.«S. 
ii. 761. 

FOERSTER, M, on iron bridges in An stria- Hungary. 1899, i. 41 >. 

on modern steel bridges. 1897, ii. 444. 

on steel bridges. 1897, L 515 ; 1898. i. 49S. 

FOERSTER. O., on basic slag. 1896, i. 469, ii. 454. 

FOGGIN, W., on explosives. 1891, i. h23. 

on locked coil-wire ropes. 1891, ii. 210. 

Folds and faults in Pennsjlvania anthracite beds. 1895. ii. 414. 

FOLEY, W. C, on tests of armour-plates. 1891. ii. 405. 

FOLGER, H. C, book on mining br. 1893, ii. 563. 

FOLLIN, M., on coke ovens in the Pas-de-Calais. 1891. ii. 11<0. 

FONI.\KOFF, A., on desulphurising in the mixer. 1895. ii. 510. 

on manganiferoQS pig iron industry of Russia. 1899, ii. 51 S. 

FONTAINE, G., on coal in the East. 1898, ii. 357. 

FONTANA. F., on water-gas. 1899, i. 33.5. 

FONTANE, M. H., on electricity in its relation to mining. 1892, ii. 41 !. 

FONZES-DIACUN, H., on iron selenides. 1900, ii. 570. 

Food and labour, cost of. 1890, s. v. 33. 

FOOTE. A. DE W., on compres&eti air. 1897, i. 417. 

FOOTE, A. E., on meteorites. 1892, i. 2«5. ii. 324. 

on native iron in Arizona. 1892, ii. 326. 

FOOTE, F. H., on blastfurnace tops. 1897, ii. 3S5. 

FOOTE, R. Bruce, on iron ore in India. 1897, ii. 27J. 

on maganese ore in the Bellery district, India. 1897, ii. 2S1. 

on native iron smelting in India. 1897. ii. 41.'>. 

FOOTE. W. M., on meteorites. 1897, i. 34=1 ; 1899, ii. 326 ; 1900. i. 2-1. 

FOOTNER, Harry, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 

FOPFL, A., on determining hardne-s of stt-el. 1896. ii. 4n3. 

on steel balU. 1898, i. 516. 

FORBES. J., on rust-proof coating for iron. 1892, ii. 4S0. 

FORBES, S. E., on rolling-mill tables. 1896, i. 4:^5. 

Ford and Moncur hot-blast stove. 1896. L 20. 

FORI), A. P., on determination of carb.m. 1900, i. 4:;2, 

FORD, J., on u>e of explosives in mines. 1891. L :^2'J. 

FORD, J. C. on charcoal blast-furnace rec )rds. 1890, i. 2>1. 

Ford liquid metal holders. 1891, ii. 253. 

FORDON Bridge, tests of metal for. 1893, i. 3!*2. 

Forei<;n trade of Au>tri ». 1892, L 506. 

Forge and mill machinery. 1890, i. 307. ii. DIS ; 1891. i. :M. ii. •J57 ; 1892. 

i. 417, ii. 44>> ; 1893. \. 'MS, ii. 452 ; 1894, i 53'.». ii. 4«0: 1895, i. 417. ii. 

493; 1896. i. 434. ii. 360 ; 1897, i. 494. ii. 417;: 1898. i. 47i^ ii. 4S7 : 1899. 

i. 395. ii. 420 ; 1900, i. H7n, ii. 515. 

pig iron. 1891, i. 376 ; 1897, 1. 4*-!. 

pig iron. American. 1892, ii. 437. 

FoRGKS in America. 1896, i. 432. 

FORGIE. J. T., on electric haulage. 1894, i. iS7. 

on pumping machinery. 1891, ii. L'l«'i. 



GENERAL INDEX. 225 

FOBOINO and stampiog. 1892, ii. 465 ; 1898, i. 360. 

by hydranlic pressure. 1894, i 539. 

cooled from the interior, initial strains in. 1896, ii. 407. 

for ordnance, steel. 1893, ii. 517. 

machine. 1893, ii. 480. 

press, duplex. 1891, ii. 262. 

press, Morgan 1000-ton. 1895, i. 418. 

press, steam. 1893, i. 322. 

presses. 1893, ii. 454 ; 1895, ii. 498 ; 1900, i.|371. 

presses for armonr. 1899, i. 395. 

steel shafts. 1898, ii. 488. 

tires. 1893, ii. 483. 

wheels. 1891. i. 403. 

wrought iron axles. 1899, ii. 446. 

FOROINOS, steel. 1894, i. 562 ; 1898, i. 494. 

hollow steel. 1897, i. 612. 

selection of steel for. 1893, i. 377. 

steel for. 1897, i. 541. 

tests of. 1896, ii. 409. 

FORIR, H., on coal in Belgium. 1900, i. 206. 
Formation of blast-furnace slag, heat of. 1890, ii. 760. 

of blow-holes in steel castings. 1892, i. 484. 

of chrome iron ore. 1890, ii. 664. 

of coal. 1890, i. 219 ; 1896, ii. 305 ; 1897, i. 886. 

of cyanides in the blast-furnace. 1895, i. 388. 

of ferric-oxide. 1895, i. 288. 

of graphite. 1891, ii. 1 65. 

of iron ore deposits. 1892, i. 265 ; 1893, i. 183. 

of lignites. 1891, ii. 173. 

of magnesite and dolomite. 1895, i. 304. 

of magnetic oxide. 1893, i. 194. 

of manganese deposits. 1891, i. 265. 

of manganese ore deposits by lateral secretion. 1892, i. 287. 

of petroleum. 1891, i. 305 ; 1893, i. 241. 

of rust, cause of. 1898, i. 397. 

Forms of bosh plates. 1891, ii. 241. 

of coke ovens. 1891, ii. 190. 

of native iron, peculiar. 1892, i. 283. 

of rolls. 1896, ii. 493. 

of slag waggons. 1891, ii. 242. 

of test-pieces. 1894, ii. 451. 

KORSBACKA steelworks. 1898, ii. 303. 
FORSBERG, K. G., on peat charcoal. 1893, i. 235. 
FORSTER, F., on determination of carbon. 1895, ii. 588. 

on iron carbide. 1897, i. 554. 

FORSTER, J., elected member. 1898, ii. 4. 

FORSTER, T. E., on collieries in Great Britain. 1898, ii. 451. 

on screening and cleaning coal. 1890, i. 275. 

on underground haulage. 1898, ii. 432. 

FORSYTH, W., on tests of waggon -couplers. 1892, ii. 499. 



226 GENERAL INDEX. 

Fort Pitt foundry. 1890, s. v. 12r>. 

FORTESCUE-BRICKDALE, C, on mining rights. 1897, i. 51(9. 

FOSS, TiiRODORK, elected member. 1899, i. 8. 

FOSTER, C, Le Nkve, books on mining by. 1894, i. 050 : 1896, ii. 48K ; 1897, 
i. 628 ; 1898, ii. GDI ; 1900, i. 494. 

on electric rock-drills. 1899, ii. 330. 

on mining and mineral statistics. 1898, ii. 5(K). 

on steel supports in metal mines. 1892, i. 291. 

FOSTER, H., on fire-clay. 1900, i. 290. 

FOSTER, Henry, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

FOSTER, H. Le Neve, on a new method of producing high temperatures. 
1900, ii. 211. 

on manufacture of steel in Soutli Staffordshire. 1899, i. 411. 

on metal mixers. 1895, i. 73. 

on open-hearth continuous steel process. 1900, i. 93. 

FOSTER, J. C, on American blast-furnace practice. 1896, L 418. 

FOSTER, O. R., on effect of lime and magnesia on sulphur in the blast- 
furnace. 1899, ii. 411. 

FOSTER, S., on apparatus for charging heating furnaces. 1891, i. 402. 

on apparatus for handling ingots. 1891, i. 406. 

FOSTER, William Orme, obituary notice of. 1899. ii. 2m. 

FOULETIEU, P., on coal in China' 1900, ii. 442. 

FOULSTONE, W., on shaft-sinking. 1898, ii. :$87. 

FouN DRIES, Coalbrookdalc. 1895, ii. 484. 

drying furnace for. 1890, i. 302. 

United States, wages paid in. 1892, ii. 550. 

Foundry accident, curious. 1896, i. 423. 

appliances. 1898, ii. 482 ; 1900, i. 360, ii. 508. 

apprentices. 1897, i. 490. 

building. 1898, il 481. 

coke for. 1896, i. 352. 

construction. 1893, i. 314. 

core-rooms. 1895, ii. 489. 

cost. 1895. ii. 4Si) ; 1897, i. 490, ii. 413 ; 1898. i. 473. 

facings. 1897, ii. 409. 

Farrel, Connecticut. 1891, ii. 253. 

iron, best. 1893, i. 312. 

iron, tests of. 1893, ii. 512 ; 1897, i. 534, 

irons. 1895, ii. 487 ; 1900, i. 361. 

mixing ladle. 1897, ii. 409. 

mixtures. 1892, ii. 440. 

mixtures, regulating. 1897, i. 485. 

mixtures, silicon in. 1892, ii. 442. 

pig iron. 1896, ii. 356 ; 1897, i. 480. 

pig iron made from Swedish iron ores. 1890, i. 293. 

pigs. 1898, i. 469. 

plant. 1897, i. 485. 

practice. 1890, i. 298, ii. 762 ; 1891, i. 372, ii. 250 ; 1892, i. 411, ii. 439 ; 

1893, i. 311, ii. 446 ; 1894, i. 533, ii. 3I»4 ; 1895, i. 406, ii. 483 ; 1896, i. 423. 
ii. 360; 1897, i. 483. ii. 406; 1898, i. 466, ii. 478 ; 1899, i. 385, ii. 411 ; 
1900, i. 360, ii. 50S. 

practice, difficulties in, 1893, ii. 446, 



OENBRAL IND153C 227 

FouNDBY practice, stove. 1892, u. 439. 

processes, chemistry of. 1892, ii. 442. 

prodncer gas in. 1895, i. 345, ii. 428. 

steel, new American. 1892, ii. 465. 

FOUQUEMBERG, N., on a press for patent fnel. 1891, ii. 185. 

FOWKS, E., on petroleum in Peru. 1890, ii. 704. 

FOWLE, J. C, on magnetic concentration at the Michigamme mine. 1890, 
ii. 672. 

FOWLER, F. W., on coal-drills. 1897, ii. 351. 

FOWLER, G., on coal dust. 1896, ii. 338. 

FOWLER, G. J., on nitride of iron. 1894, i. 591. 

FOWLER, S. J., on recovery of by-products. 1897, ii. 326. 

Fowler's car-wheel works. 1890, s. v. 446. 

FOX, Sib Douglas, toast by. 1900, i. 245. 

FOX, E. M., elected member. 1893, i. 1. 

FOX-STRANGWAYS, C, on the Netherseal boring. 1898, i. 373. 

Fbactube of cast iron. 1896, i. 511. 

of steel shafts. 1900, i. 411. 

of test-pieces. 1900, i. 415. 

FRAENKEL, W., on steel rails. 1898. ii. 51». 
FRAHM, J., on handling iron ore. 1900, ii. 120. 

on modern bridges. 1900, ii. 537, 5HS. 

on shipping coal. 1893, ii. 420. 

on structural ironwork. 1894, ii. 435. 

Frames, steel waggon. 1890, i. 343. 
Framing machine, mine timber. 1891, i. 311). 
France, accidents in coal mines in. 1891, i. 457. 

blast-furnace industry of. 1898, i. 449. 

briquette manufacture in. 1890, ii. 696. 

coal in. 1890, ii. 867 ; 1892, u. 353 ; 1894, ii. 316 ; 1897, i. 368 ; 1898, 

ii. 393 ; 1899, i. 309, ii. 345 ; 1900, ii. 435. 

coal question in. 1891, i. 458. 

consumption of rails in. 1892, i. 511* 

development of iron industry in, 1900, ii. 39. 

heavy rails in. 1890, ii. 806. 

imports and exports of. 1891, ii. 341 ; 1892, i. 511, ii. 537 ; 1898, I 

42S ; 1895, i. 529 ; 1899, i. 484. 

iron industry of Meurthe and Moselle. 1892, i. 511. 

iron ore in. 1890, ii. 654, s. v. 126 ; 1892, i. 266 ; 1898, i. 334, ii. 344 ; 

1899, i. 279, ii. 309 ; 1900, ii. 404, 598. 

manganese ores in. 1893, ii. 320 ; 1894, i. 422 ; 1900, ii. 416. 

oil shale industry of. 1894, i. 468. 

petroleum in. 1898, i. 242. 

pig iron industry in. 1897, i. 469. 

puddling process in. 1890, i. 305. 

royalties in. 1890, s. v. 193.* 

statistics of. 1890, i. 386, iL 867 ; 1891, i. 457, ii. 340 ; 1892, i. 509, 

ii. 536 ; 1898, i. 427, ii. 548 ; 1894, L 632. ii. 609 ; 1895, i. 527, ii. 612 ; 
1896, I 553, ii. 466 ; 1897, i. 596, ii. 523 ; 1898, i. 553, ii. 576 ; 1899, i. 
483, ii. 504 ; 1900, i. 454, iL 597. 

technical education in. 1900, L 457. 

use of steel rails in. 1896, i. 564. 



{ 



228 OENraiAL INDEX. 

FRANCIS- WILLIAMS, B., book on miniDg by. 1897, i. 629. 
FRANCE, L., on alnminiam as a redacing agent. 1896, iL 549. 

on analysis of a blast-f arnace product 1897, ii 404. 

on carbide of silicon. 1897, ii. 490. 

on diamonds in iron. 1898, L 524. 

on diamonds in steel. 1896. ii. 421 : 1897, ii. 488. 

KRANCKE, M., on layatories at the Dortmund collieries. 1894, iL 371. 
FRANi^OIS, A., on explosives used at the Anzin collieries. 1890, ii. 717. 

on fire-damp in the Anzin collieries. 1898, i. 281. 

on rotary drilL 1895, ii. 437. 

FRANCOIS, C, on mine drainage. 1900, ii. 47><. 
FRANCOIS, J., on coal in China. 1900, i. .HOI. 
on coal -mining in Servia. 1900, i. 342. 

FRAN(^OIS, L., on new method of combining hot-blast stoves. 1898, 

i43<>. 
Fbancou coal-washer. 1896, i. 386. 
FRANK, on German peat-bogs. 1898, i. 374. 

on improvements in producer-gas. 1899, ii. 365- 

FRANK, A. VON, on iron at low temperatures. 1890, IL 824. 
FRANK, H., on magnetic propertiej* of iron and steel. .1900, ii. 543. 
FRANKS, E., on determination of sulphur. 1898, i. 536. 
FRANKE, G., on coal in Russia. 1899, i. 312. 

on safety cages. 1895, ii. 434. 

Franklinite deposits of New Jersey. 1894, i. 416, ii. 287. 

ore bed, geological age of. 1891, ii. 144. 

FRANZEK, C. J., on determination of manganese. 1892, i. 493. 
FRASER, Graham, on open-hearth continuous steel process. 1900. i. 82. 
FUASER, Trrsifor, on fine artistic castings. 1897, i. 3X8. 
FRASER, W. A., on natural gas at Athabasca Landing. 1899, ii. 364. 
FREAKLEY, W., on windinir appliances. 1899, i 337, ii. 361). 
FRECH, F., book on mining by. 1899, ii. 532. 

on coal supplies. 1900, i. 491. 

Frkkinc} furnace gases from dust. 1895, i. 389. 

FREEMAN, E. B., on coal in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 1895, i. 315. 

FREEMAN, F. I., on annealing furnaces. 1897, ii. 442. 

on rolling-mill tables. 1899, i. 400. 

FREER, J., on methods of working coal. 1894, i. 403. 

Krkezing process of shaft-sinking. 1894, i. 480. 

FREIDEL, C, on artificial martite. 1896, i. 310. 

FREMONT, C, on efifect of punching and shearinp. 1899, ii. 465. 

on punching and shearing as means of testing. 1896, i. 5^)7, 5()9. 

on steam-hammers. 1898, ii. 488. 

on testing machinery. 1899, i. 43r>. 

on theory of punching and shearing. 1895, i. 470. 

Frrmont'8 method of testing. 1898, i. 513. 
French coaL 1898, i. 374. 

coalfields. 1896, ii. 300. 

colonies, mining in. 1894, i, 633. 

Con^o, iron ore in. 1895, ii. 372. 

ironworks on the German borders. 1894, ii. 38l>. 

pig iron. 1890, ii. 768. 



GENERAL INDEX. 229 

Fbenoh pig iron, analyses of. 1891, L 361. 

steelworks. 1^6, IL 607. 

FRBNTZBN, on modem Oerman bridge construction. 1899, L 418. 
FR^RE, G., on coke breeze as fuel. 1891, ii. 191. 
FRESENIUS, R., on analysis of chrome iron. 1890, i 372. 

on separation of baryta and lime. 1892, i. 496. 

FREUDENBERG, F., on spectacles for ironworkers. 1897, i. 468. 
FREW, John, obituary notice of. 1899, ii. 293. 
FREY, C. A. VON, obituary notice of. 1898, i. 316. 
FRET, H., on formation of nickel carbonyl. 1896, i. 528. 
FREYDIER-DUBREIUL, G., book on mining by. 1894, i. 650. 
FREYEB, F., on occurrence of gas in collieries. 1893, ii. 414. 
FREYSTEDT, A., on petroleum in Brunswick. 1895, i. 334. 
FREYTAG, F., on foundry appliances. 1898, ii. 482. 
FRICK, H. C, on armour-plate. 1897, i. 618. 
Fbiction horse-power, in factories. 1897, i. 520. 

of air currents in mines. 1893, ii. 405 ; 1894, i. 497. 

of colliery waggon wheels. 1890, i. 255. 

igniter in fiery mines. 1892, ii. 404. 

igniter, Lauer. 1892, i. 357. 

FRIEDEL, C, on meteorites. 1893, i. 196 ; 1894, i. 424. 

FRIEDHEIM, C, on meteorites. 1890, i. 204. 

FRIEDLANDER, S., on bitumen. 1900, i. 443. 

FRIELINGHAUS, G., elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 

FRIEND, C. W., on specifications for foundry castings. 1898, ii. 480. 

FRITSCHE, H., on iron ore deposits of Russia. 1895, i. 281. 

FRITZ, J., award of Bessemer medal to. 1898, i. 46. 

on Bessemer process. 1890, ii. 147. 

on early days of iron manufacture. 1895, i. 418. 

on iron manufacture. 1897, i. 451. 

on ironworks plant. 1900, i. 371. 

on rolling-mill fly-wheels. 1899, ii. 422. 

FRITZSCHE, P., book on metallurgy by. 1897, ii. 650. 

on alcohol from coke-oven gases. 1898, i. 389. 

FROBENIUS, H., book on metallurgy by. 1898, i. 583. 

Fbodingham iron ore. 1892, ii. 306. 

FROHMAN, E. D., on determination of phosphorus. 1895, i. 505. 

FROHMAN, H. F., on foundry facings. 1897, ii. 409. 

FROITZHEIM, E., on use of coke for boiler-firing. 1899, ii. 357. 

B'BON DESCENT hxmatite. 1898, i. 193. 

FROSSARD, J. D., book on mining bj. 1894, i. 650. 

FRY, J. E., on Eitson gas-producer. 1897, ii. 338. 

FRYER, W. H., on desiccation of the blast. 1891, i. 360. 

FUCllS, E., book on mining by. 1893, i. 451 ; 1894, i. 650. 

on iron ores of Dannemora. 1894, i. 408. 

on iron ores of Eastern Pyrenees. 1894, i. 404. 

on iron ores of Elba. 1894, i. 405. 

on iron ores of Northern Africa. 1894, i. 419. 

on iron ores of Russia. 1894, i. 406. 

on iron ores of Sweden. 1894, L 409. 

on iron ores of Ural. 1894, i. 407. 



230 GEsn^AL cn)EX. 



FUCHS, P^ on electzic welding. 1896. L 473. 

on fire-damp detection. 1899, L 355, ii 3f3. 

on Tentilation of collieries. 1899, iL 381 ; 1900. iL 479. 

ruKL 1890, L 219, ii, 67* ; 1891, L 27S. ii. ISS ; 1892, i. 30S. iL 346: 1883, 
L 216, ii. 33< ; 1891 L 433, iL 3C'$ : 1895, L 3i.l>. ii. 399 ; 1896, i. 327, iL 
2M : 1897. L 362, iL dtA ; 1898. L 367, iL 3S7: 1899, L 306. iL 339 ; 1900, 
L 292, iL 4i«. 

anairrls. 1890, L 376, iL &o7 : 1891, i. 446 : 1892, i. 496. iL 525 ; 1893, 

L 42» ; 1891 L 62Ci. iL 500 ; 1896. iL 456 : 1897, L 5$0, iL 511 ; 1896, i. 
54«>, iL 563 ; 1899, ii. 492 ; 1900, L 440, ii. 5S6. 

calorific power oL 1891, iL 16S ; 1892, iL 346. 

in Centiml Texas. 1890, iL 691. 

inChilL 1895, L 321. 

in Pnusia, production oL 1892, L 515. 

in the United States. 1890, s. r. 12>^. 

liquid. 1890. L 236, ii. 701 ; 1891. L 305, iL U*2 ; 1892. L 337. iL 377 ; 

1893, L 241, iL 372 ; 1891 L 467, iL 340 : 1895. L 333, ii. 422 ; 1896, L 353. 
ii. 315; 1897, L 393, iL 329; 1896, L 390. iL 419: 1899. L 331, iL 35^; 
1900, i. 307. ii. 449. 

manofactore of. 1896, i. 387. 

mineraL 1894, iL 317. 

patent, manofactnre of. 1892, L 392. 

petroleam. 1892, ii. 377. 

problems. 1896. i. 3cf3. 

resources of the Andes. 1893, ii. 35^. 

selection of, for blast -fomaces. 1892, iL 422. 

SQpplj o^ the Salem dbtrict, India. 1892, iL 37<). 

sapply of the United States. 1892, L 527. 

sapplj of the world. 1897. iL 54«. 

tar as. 1890. L 23>*. 



Flel-gab. 1890, L 243 ; 1892, iL 387. 

and some of its applications. 1890. ii. 275. 

energy in. 1900, ii. 460. 

processes, comparison of. 1897, iL 337. 

ose of. 1892, iL 391. 

Tentilation of. 1892, i. 310. 

FUHBMANN, Dr., on iron ore mining in the Lake Superior region. 1895, 
iL3>!l. 

FULLER, J. F., on iron oms of the United States. 1896, ii. 274. 
FULLER, M., book on mining by. 1895, iL 633. 
on miners' laratories. 1895, ii. 450. 

FULLERTON, Alexander, electeil member. 1900. i. 3. 
FULLON, Bakok von, on calorific value of coal. 1893, L 216. 

FULTON, J., book on metallurgy by. 1896, i. 57:^. 

on beehire coke-oven. 1890. ii. 7(m.». 

on behaviour of silicon in foundry practice. 1897. ii. 407. 

on coke from Connellsville coaL 1893, i. 23>. 

on coke industrv. 1896. ii. 307. 

on Kentucky coke. 1890, L 236. 

on manufacture of coke. 1893, iL 365. 

FirxEd, dynamite. 1892, ii. 402. 



GENERAL INDEX. 231 

FOnfkibchbn, collieries of. 1897, i. 375. 

FURMANN, H. VAN F., books on metallurgy by. 1894. i. 649; 1900, 

I 492. 
Furnace, ancient iron. 1897, i. 492. 

bottoms, sand for. 1900, ii, 425. 

charges, slide rule for calculation of. 1892, i. 233. 

charging devices. 1890, ii. 784. 

drying, for foundries. 1890, i. 302. 

hearths. 1890, s. v. 256. 

heat, protection of puddlers from, 1890, ii 765. 

high temperature. 1897, i. 366. 

hoists. 1890, s. v. 256. 

James. 1891, ii. 255. 

Lash. 1890, s. v. 279. 

Laureau pit-heating. 1890, i. 335. 

lines. 1890, s. v. 256. 

mechanical puddling. 1891, ii. 255. 

Piat crucible. 1890, i. 302. 

record, an open-hearth. 1892, ii. 454. 

WeUman heating. 1892, ii. 456. 

FuBNACES, blast, charcoal. 1893, ii. 422. 

Dowlais Cardiff. 1892, i. 399. 

electric. 1893, ii. 479 ; 1895, i. 450. 

gas. 1891, i. 313. 

gas- fired puddling. 1895, ii. 491. 

gas, new forms of. 1892, ii. 390. 

gas, Noble. 1892, ii. 454. 

gas, valves for. 1892, i. 238. 

heating. 1890, ii. 783 ; 1891, ii. 284 ; 1897, i. 512. 

heating, apparatus for charging. 1891, i. 302. 

in Canada. 1893, ii. 427. 

in Cleveland, oil-fired. 1896, ii. 317. 

open-hearth. 1891, i. 388, ii. 272; 1895, i. 431. 

open-hearth, American. 1891, ii. 273. 

open-hearth, calorimetric study of. 1891, i. 389. 

open-hearth, chemical phenomena of. 1891, ii. 265. 

open-hearth, defects in. 1891, i. 390. 

open-hearth, large output of. 1893, ii. 468. 

open-hearth, Schonwalder. 1892, ii. 45;{ ; 1893, i. 327. 

open-hearth, tilting. 1892, ii. 454 ; 1898, i. 329. 

Pietzka puddling. 1892. L 413. 

regenerative. 1890, i. 329 ; 1891, ii. 199. 

regenerative, utilisation of heat in. 1893, i. 329. 

reheating. 1896, i. 472 ; 1898, i. 493. 

reheating, with automatic chargings. 1891, i. 402. 

roasting. 1893, iL 331. 

temperatures of. 1892, i. 313. 

utilisation of waste heat from. 1893, iL 448. 

value of iron ores. 1896, i. 398. 

FuBNKSS, mining softer ores of. 1895, i. 293. 
FURNISS, J. W., on iron ore in Brazil. 1899, ii. 323. 



232 GENEUAL INDEX. 

Further treatment of iron and steel. 1890, i. 827, ii. 797 ; 1891, i. 402, ii. 
284 ; 1892, i. 440, il. 461 ; 1893, i. 349, ii. 476 ; 1894, i. 560, ii. 426 ; 1895, 
i. 449, ii. 527 ; 1896, i. 471, ii. 386 ; 1897, i. 510, ii. 441 ; 1898, i. 493, ii. 
516 ; 1899, i. 415, ii. 445 ; 1900, L 3i)l, ii. 532. 

FURZE, A., on valves for gas furnaces. 1892, i. 242. 

Fuse and lighter, safety. 1891, i. 321. 

Fuses, electric. 1898, i. 415. 

safety, best form of. 1892, iL 403. 

Fusibility and composition of coal ash. 1895, ii. 403. 

of bottom sand. 1896, i. 326. 

of clays. 1894, i. 430. 

of foundry iron. 1898, i. 511. 

FUTTERER, K, on iron ore in the Southern Ural. 1897, u. 271. 

Future of the basic process. 1895, ii. 525. 

of the direct process. 1890, i. 304. 

Fuveau, coalfield of. 1893, ii. 345. 



a. 

6AAB, C, on Diirr and Siegert pyrometer. 1894, i. 434. 

GAB ASTON, F., on new explosives. 1892, ii. 402. 

GABBA, L., book on metallurgy by. 1897, ii. 550. 

GAD, E., on boring machinery. 1890, i. 209 ; 1893, ii. .S26. 

on deep boring. 1895, ii. 430 ; 1897, i. 407 ; 1898, i. 103 ; 1900, i. 321. 

GAEBLER, G., book on mining by. 1898, i. 451. 

on coalfields of Silesia. 1897, i. 372 ; 1899, ii. 345. 

on ironstone in coal-seams of Silesia. 1894, ii. 277. 

GAGES, L., books on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. 599 ; 1899, ii. 530. 

GAILLIARD, P., book on mining by. 1896, i. 575. 

GAINES, A. P., on blast-furnace construction. 1896, ii. 347. 

on cooling furnace walls. 1899, i. 370. 

GALBKAITH, W., on alloys of iron and chromium. 1892, ii. 136. 

Paper on "Certain chemical phenomena iu the manufacture of steel," 
1890, i. 134 ; difficulty in teeming, 134 ; difiiculty iu making basic steel, 
135 ; comparison of two steels, 135 ; thin slag, 135 ; analysis of puddling 
furnace bottom, 186; consumption of carbon, 136; consumption of 
spicgeleisen, 137 ; evolution of gas, 137 ; occluded gases, 13S ; loss of 
iron in slag, 139 ; advantages of basic slag, 140 ; controlling carbon, 
140; teeming of soft steel, 140. — DUcuttion: F. W. Paul, 144; J. E. 
Stead, 147, 151; A. H. Allen, 149; P. C. Gilchrist, 149; E. Windsor 
Richards, 149 ; E. Riley, 150 ; W. Galbraith, 151 ; the President, 153. 

on dctemiination of carbon. 1897, i. 566. 

on determination of chromium. 1893, i. 412. 

Paper on '* Determination of chromium in ferro chromium," 1893, 
L 146. 
on elimination of sulphur from pig iron. 1891, ii. 88. 

Paper on "The estimation of phosphorus in tbo basic Siemens steel 
bath," 1890, i. 1 42.— 2>«cu*«ari ; F. W. Paul, 144 ; J. E. Stead, 147, 161 ; 
A. H. Allen, 149; P. C. Gilchrist, 149; E. Windsor Richards, 149; E. 
Riley, 150; W. Galbraith, 151 ; the President, 153. 



GENERAL INDEX. 233 

GALBRAITH, W., on influenoe of alnmininm on iron. 1890, L 131. 

on oxides in iron. 1897, i. 564. 

on phenomenon in the fusion of mild steel. 1891, ii. 74. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1896, i. 126. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace gases. 1898, i. 444. 

Gaucia, lignite mining in. 1892, ii. 415. 

mining industry of. 1895, i. 523. 

ozokerite in. 1891, i. 311 ; 1900, i. 315, u. 457. 

petroleum in. 1894, ii. 505 ; 1897, ii. 519 ; 1898, i. 546, ii. 420. 

petroleum industry of. 1894, i. 468. 

working a thick seam in. 1894, ii. 363. 

GALLIGAN, L. D., on Roumanian oil-field. 1890, ii. 703. 
Gallium in Cleveland iron ore. 1896, ii. 270 ; 1897, ii. 268. 

in steel. 1896, i. 528. 

GALLOWAT, Edwabd N., elected member. 1899, i. 3. 
GALLOWAY, John, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 311. 
GALLOWAY, R. L., book on mining by. 1899, i. 508. 

on history of coal-mining. 1896, ii. 341 ; 1897, i. 433, ii. 362 ; 1899, 

i. 360 ; 1900, i. 339. 
GALLOWAY, W., on coal washing and screening. 1900, ii. 484. 

on haulage. 1897, i. 414. 

on methods of working coal. 1899, ii. 377. 

on mine drainage. 1900, ii. 477. 

on pumping-engines. 1897, i. 426, 427. 

on shaft-sinking. 1899, ii. 367. 

on South African coalfields. 1890, i. 228 ; 1891, i. 286. 

on South Wales coalfield. 1899, ii. 342. 

on subsidence caused by the working of mines. 1897, ii. 366. 

on ventilation of collieries. 1899, ii. 382. 

on winding appliances. 1896, ii. 323 ; 1899, ii. 369. 

Galloway scaffold, walling and sinking with. 1895, i. 348. 

Galloways Limited. 1899, ii. 261. 

GALT, J., elected member. 1898, ii. 4. 

GALTON, Sib Douglas, obituary notice of. 1899, i. 262. 

Galvanised iron, manufacture of. 1890, i. 348 ; 1891, ii. 298 ; 1897, ii. 447. 

Galvanising. 1896, ii. 540 ; 1896, i. 483 ; 1898, i. 500 ; 1900, i. 395. 

in the cold. 1892, i. 460. 

wire. 1893, ii. 85. 

GALY-ACTIE, M., on allotropic modifications of iron. 1900, i. 401. 
GAMBLE, Arnold, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 
GAMOFF, C, on Russian iron ore. 1898, i. 342. 
Gantry crane, two-hundred-foot. 1897, i. 497. 
GANTT, H. L., on furnaces. 1897, i. 366. 

on steel castings. 1891, ii. 285 ; 1894, i. 560. 

GARAND, E., on mine drainage. 1899, ii. 381. 

Gabd coalfield, mining in. 1892, ii. 416. 

GARDNER, C. T., on coal-mining in China. 1892, ii. 417. 

on iron ore mining in China. 1892, ii. 333. 

GARDNER, Habby N., on utilisation of fine coal. 1899, ii. 396. 
GARDNER, J. S., book on metallurgy by. 1898, i. 449. 
GARDNER, William James, elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 



234 GENERAL INDEX. 

GARDON, A., on shaft-sinking. 1896, ii. 322. 
GARFORTH, W. E., on coal-cutting. 1898, ii. 435. 

on colliery explosions. 1898, i. 424. 

on mining at great depths. 1891, i. 313. 

on nndergronnd haulage. 1893, i. 255. 

GARNIER, J., on cementation of iron. 1894, i. 545. 

on fluidity of nickel. 1897, ii. 473. 

on nickel iron alloys. 1892, ii. 434 ; 

on nickel steel. 1891, i. 218 ; 1893, i. 385. 

QARRETT, J., on cast iron pipes. 1897, i. 487. 
GARRETT, W., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

on iron trade of United States. 1900, i 485. 

on wire-rod rolling. 1896, i. 474. 

Garbktt's wire-rod mill. 1893, ii. 94. 

GARRISON, F. Lynwood, books on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 800; 1891, 

ii366. 

on alloys of iron. 1891, ii. 302. 

on alloys of iron and chromium. 1892, ii. 150. 

on alloys of tungsten and iron. 1895, ii. 5G3. 

on analyses of French pig iron. 1890, ii. 758. 

on armour-plate trials. 1892, ii. 505. 

on carbides of iron. 1895, ii. 684. 

on Chinese steelworks. 1900, ii. 529. 

on iron and steel at the Paris Exhibition. 1890, ii. 816. 

on manganese alloys. 1893, i. 301. 

Ahttmci of paper on ** Robert-Bessemer steel process," 1890, i. 107; 

remarks on same, L 110. 

on ternary alloys. 1895, i. 249. 



Gas analysis. 1890, i. 377, ii. 867 ; 1891, i. 447, ii. 332 ; 1892, i. 107 ; 1893, 
i. 421, ii. 540; 1894, i. 619, ii. 499; 1897, ii. 512; 1898, ii. 565; 1899, 
i. 469, u. 493 ; 1900, i. 443. 

analysis in ironworks. 1892, i. 497 ; 1893, i. 421. 

analysis of producer. 1890, i. 377. 

and air ports in open-hearths. 1894, ii. 412. 

and soft coal, outbursts of. 1893, i. 271. 

anthracite, waste in. 1892, i. 342. 

artificial 1890, i. 243, ii. 705 ; 1891, i. 313, ii. 197 ; 1892. i. 342, ii. 

386 ; 1893, i. 249, ii. 381 ; 1894, i. 474, ii. 345 ; 1896, i. 341, ii. 428 ; 1896, 
i. 3154, ii. 320; 1897. i. 404, ii. 437; 1898, i. 401, ii. 426; 1899, i. 335, 
ii. 366; 1900, i. 318, ii. 460. 

balance. 1893, i. 540. 

calorimeter for. 1894, ii. 310. 

calorimeter, Junkers'. 1896, i. 308. 

cylinders, compressed. 1896, i. 518. 

engines at oil-wells. 1898, i. 399. 

engines in mines. 1897, i. 412. 

explosions in mining fireclay. 1896, i. 323. 

fired puddling furnaces. 1896, ii. 491. 

firing. 1894, i. 474. 

from a Siemens producer. 1893, ii. 383. 

from charcoal 1895, i. 327. 

from coke-ovens. 1893, i. 240; 1895, i. 328, ii. 418. 



GENERAL INDEX. 235 

Gab from peat. 1894, I 477. 

from wood 1899, ii. 362. 

fuel. 1890, i. 243, u. 275. 

fuel, valuation of. 1892, i. 310. 

furnaces. 1891, i. 313. 

furnaces, Noble. 1892, ii. 454. 

furnaces, valves for. 1892, i. 238. 

in collieries, occurrence of. 1898, ii. 413. 

inflammable, in iron-mines. 1896, i. 316. 

manufacture of. 1893, i. 250. 

manufacture of, from charcoal. 1900, 11. 444. 

Mond producer, applied to manufacture of steel. 1896, i. 14. 

natural. 1890, i. 239, ii. 705 ; s. v. 129 ; 1891, i. 312, ii. 196 ; 1892, 

I 341, il 385; 1893, i. 246, ii. 380; 1894, i. 472, ii. 344; 1895. i. 339, 
ii. 364 ; 1898, i. 400, ii. 425 ; 1899, L 334, ii 364 ; 1900, I 318, ii. 458. 

oil. 1890, I 244. 

producer, an improved. 1891, ii. 199. 

producers. 1890, I 244, ii. 705 ; 1891, ii. 197}; 1892, i. 342, ii. 389 ; 

1893, ii. 384 ; 1894, i. 477, ii. 347 ; 1896, i. 342, ii. 428 ; 1896. i. 364, ii. 

320 ; 1897, i. 406, ii. 338 ; 1898, i. 401, ii. 426 ; 1899, ii. 366 ; 1900, i. 318, 

ii.461. 

regulating and cut-off valve. 1891, ii. 199. 

reversing valve for steel furnaces. 1894, i. 552. 

utilisation of blast-furnace. 1895, ii. 471. 



- value of coal. 1894, i. 465. 

- well, large. 1895, ii. 428. 
well, testing the presence of. 1892, ii. 385. 



GASCOYNE, R., on coal in Chili. 1898, ii. 403. 

on coal in South Africa. 1898, i. 376. 

GASCUE, F., book on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 890. 

on Spanish iron ores. 1891, i. 25'2. 

on steel industry of the North of Spain. 1891, i. 396. 

Gaseous compounds with iron. 1896, i. 523. 

fuel. 1894, u. 345. 

fuel production. 1893, ii. 381. 

fuel, use of. 1892, ii. 387, 391. 

puddling. 1891, ii. 255. 

Gases, analysis of. 1890, ii. 857. 

blast-furnace. 1890, ii. 752 ; 1893, ii. 432 ; 1897, i 457. 

blast-furnace, collection of ammonia from. 1891, ii. 245 ; 1892, ii. 432. 

blast-furnace, experiments on. 1891, ii. 244. 

blast-furnace, freeing from dust. 1890, ii. 753 ; 1895, i. 389. 

blast-furnace, zinc and lead in. 1890, i. 288. 

caloriflc power of combustible. 1894, i. 438 ; 1898, i. 372. 

coke-oven. 1896, ii. 301». 

economical use of. 1896, i. 407. 

effect of velocity of, on blast-furnace process. 1890, i. 279. 

enclosed in coal. 1892, i. 316 ; 1894, i. 502. 

generation of steam by. 1894, ii. 338. 

in iron, solution ol 1893, ii. 521. 

rate of explosions in. 1892. i. 380. 



236 GENERAL INDEX. < 

Gasworks, Birmingham. 1895, ii. 326. 

Gatbs' rock-crushers. 1898, ii. 380. 

GAUDIN, H. A., on analyses of fire-clays. 1890, ii. 736. 

Gauge, sheet iron. 1892, ii 478. 

Gauobs, fan-testing. 1892, i. 37G. 

for plates. 1897, i. 553. 

Gauging plates daring rolling. 1898, i. 319. 
GAUNT, John Thomas, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 
GAUNT, Richard, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 

GAUTHIBR, A., on aluminium as a reducing and heating agent. 1899, 
iL476. 

GAUTIER, F., on alloys of iron. 1890, i. 363. 

GAUZENTBS, M., on miner's electric lamp. 1891, i. 343. 

GAWALOWSKI, A., on cleaning files. 1897, i. 519. 

GATLET, J., book on metaUargy by. 1891, ii. 366. 

on American blast-furnace practice. 1894, ii. 382. 

on Bessemer process. 1890, ii. 146. 

on blast-furnace records. 1890, i 286. 

on blowing in large coke blast-furnaces. 1891, ii. 233. 

Paper on '' The development of American blast-furnaces, with special 
reference to large yields," 1890, ii. 18 ; first large outputs, 18 ; Isabella 
furnaces, 19 ; Lucy furnaces, 19 ; furnace '* A," 20 ; effect of moisture on 
fuel consumption, 23 ; changes in construction, 24 ; rapid driving, 25 ; 
best records obtained in first year of blast, 26 ; effects of excess of air, 
26 ; description of drawings, 27 ; cooling jackets, 28 ; details of 1885 
blast, 29; bosh -walls, 30; result of "banking up," 33; best results 
obtained, 34 ; three steps in American blast-furnace practice, 36 ; sum- 
mary of results, 36. — Discussion : Sir Lowthian Bell, 37, 71 ; E. S. Cook, 
42 ; A. Thielen, 49 ; E. W. Richards, 60 ; E. C. Potter, 64 ; G. J. Snelus, 
67 ; Julian Kennedy, 61 ; W. Whitwell, 62 ; W. Kent, 67 ; J. D. Weeks, 
69 ; Edward P. Martin, 71 ; the President, 72 ; J. Gayley, 72, 85 ; F. W. 
Gordon, 74 ; J. Birkinbine, 79 ; W. Hawdon, 83 ; J. M. Hartman, 84. 

on preservation of the hearth of the blast-furnace. 1892, ii. 424. 



Gear cutting-machine. 1891, i. 406. 

housing, for rolling-mills. 1890, i. 308. 

Gearing, moulding toothed. 1895, ii. 488. 

GEER, H. R., on casting pig iron. 1896, ii. 354. 

GEER, J. H., on behaviour of silicon in foundry practice. 1897, ii. 40G.' 

GEIJERSTAM, C. Af, on addition of aluminium to ingot metal. 1894, ii. 438. 

on gas from a Siemens producer. 1893, ii. 383. 

on iron manufacture in Germany and Austria. 1893, ii. 425. 

on manufacture of ingot metal. 1894, ii. 421. 

GEIKIE, Sir A., on coalfields. 1896, i. 332. 

GEISSEL, H. L., on iron ore in Norway. 1900, ii. 404. 

GEITEL, M., book on metallurgy by. 1899, i. 506. 

GELHORN, E., on coal industry of United Kingdom. 1896, i. 540. 

Gelignite tests in New South Wales. 1893, ii. 395. 

Gellivarb iron ores. 1890, i. 190 ; 1893, ii. 310. 55G ; 1898, ii. 281 ; 1899, 

i. 65. 
iron ores, origin of. 1893, i. 182. 

iron ores, smelting of. 1892, ii. 436. 

General index published. 1898, i. 10. 

Generation of steam by blast-furnace gases. 1894, ii. 388. 



OSKERAL INDEX. 237 

GiENBSiB of iron ore by replacement of limestone. 1892, i. 264. 

of ore deposits. 1898, ii. 302 ; 1900, i. 266, ii. 402. 

of petroleum. 1896, i. 353. 

GENTH, F. A., on loUingite from North Carolina. 1898, L 193. 

on meteoric iron. 1890, i. 204. 

on natural ferric sulphates from Chili. 1891, i. 259. 

Geographical relations of iron ores of the United States. 1890, s. ▼. 68. 
Geological age of the franklinite ore bed. 1891, ii. 144. 

distribution of iron ores of the United Kingdom. 1890, a. ▼. 92, 94. 

distribution of iron ores of the United States. 1890, s. v. 91, 94. 

features of Lake Superior district. 1890, s. ▼. 194. 

surveys. 1897, i. 605. 

Geology of Northumberland and Durham coalfield. 1892, ii. 352. 

of petroleum. 1900, ii. 503. 

of Resicza-Domdn coalfield. 1892, ii. 352. 

structural. 1892, ii 328. 

GEORGE, J. R., on a rolling-mill feed-table. 1891, i. 386. 
GEORGE, W. A., on composition of manganese ores. 1890, ii. 663. 
GEORGI, M., on coal-dust explosions. 1892, i. 382. 

on colliery tubs. 1896, i. 353. 

on electric haulage. 1893, i. 257. 

on electric locomotives. 1895, i. 363. 

on electric power diamond-drills. 1891, i. 318. 

on prevention of colliery explosions. 1895, i. 371. 

Georgia, coal in. 1896, i. 341. 

iron ore in. 1900. i. 276, ii. 412. 

manganese ore from. 1892, ii. 331 ; 1897, i. 349. 

GERARD, A., on electric smelting of iron and steel. 1899, it 434. 
GERARD, J. JsRVis, on coal in Zululand. 1897, ii. 319. 
GERBER, E., on preservation of iron. 1895, ii. 582. 
GERDAU, B., on mine pumps. 1898, i. 419 ; 1899, i. 352. 
GERLACH, B., on iron ore mining in Siegen district. 1891, ii. 154. 
GERLACH, M., on analysis of basic slag. 1896, i. 539. 
German basic Bessemer iron. 1890, i. 345. 

blast-furnace practice. 1895, ii. 457. 

blast-furnace progress. 1896, ii. 46H. 

blast-furnaces, iron ore requirements of. 1896, i. 557. 

blowing engines. 1893, i. 304, 333. 

exports to Japan. 1896, ii. 474. 

iron industries. 1896, i. 572. 

ironworks in 1895. 1896, ii. 468. 

peat-bogs, utilisation of. 1898, i. 374. 

practice in metallurgy of iron. 1890, ii. 491. 

rolling-mills. 1895, i. 417 ; 1898, ii. 493. 

steelworks. 1895, ii. 516. 

technical schools. 1898, ii. 581. 

Germany, accidents in Prussian mines. 1892, 515. 

basic open-hearth process. 1890, ii. 873. 

blast-furnace practice in. 1896, i. 410. 

brown coal in. 1896, ii. 407 ; 1897, ii. 524. 

coal in. 1900, ii. 603. 



238 GENERAL INDEX. 

Germany, coke^yens in. 1898, ii. 410. 

Dill mining district. 1891, ii. 348. 

Dortmund mining district. 1892, ii. 539. 

fireclays in. 1897, i. 357. 

history of the Konigshnld ironworks. 1892, ii. .''i42. 

imports and exports. 1890, i. 390, ii. 869, s. ▼. 124 ; 1891. i. 458, ii. 

343 ; 1892, i. 613 ; 1893, i. 431 ; 1894. i. 637 ; 1895, i. 531 ; 1897, ii. 523 : 
1898, ii. 577 ; 1899, i. 491. ii. 505 ; 1900, i. 460, ii. 603. 

iron manafactnre in. 1893, ii. 425. 

iron mining in Saxony. 1891, i. 459. 

iron ore districts of. 1899. i. 488. 

iron ore in. 1900, i. 269. 

iron ore mining in Siegen district. 1891, ii. 154 ; 1892, ii. 539. 

iron trade of. 1890, ii. 873 ; 1891, ii. 345; 1895, i. 532 ; 1896, i. 571. 

manganese ore in. 1898, ii. 349. 

manufacture of pig iron in. 1895, i. 390. 

miners' wages. 1891, ii. 344. 

open-hearth furnaces in. 1896, ii. 507. 

open -hearth process in, 1897, ii. 424. 

production of basic steel in. 1899, i. 488. 

production of coal. 1892, i. 513. 

production of fuel in Prussia. 1892, i. 515. 

production of pig iron in. 1890, ii. 869 ; 1891, i. 458, ii. 343 ; 1892, i. 

512, 514, ii. 538 ; 1893, i. 431 ; 1894, i. 636, ii. 510; 1895, i. 531 ; 1896. i. 
555 ; 1897, i. 596 ; 1898, i. 559 ; 1899, i. 485 ; 1900, i. 459. 

progress of general iron trade. 1892, i. 513. 

royalties in. 1890, s. ▼. 194.* 

scarcity of coal in. 1900, i. 462. 

shipbuilding in. 1900, ii. 611. 

shipping industry of. 1900, i. 464. 

slag cement in. 1896, i. 421. 

statistics of. 1890. i. 380, ii. 869 ; 1891, i. 458, ii. 345, 348 ; 1892. 



i. 512, 516. ii. 538 ; 1893, i. 430, ii. 548; 1894, i. 634, ii. 510; 1895, i. 5:i0. 
ii. 614 ; 1896, i. 555, ii. 467 ; 1897, i. 596, ii. 523 ; 1898, i. 654, ii. 577 ; 1899, 
i. 485, ii. 605 ; 1900, i. 457, ii. 599. 

GEROSA, G. G., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1894, ii. 443. 

GERRARD, J., on fire-damp outbursts. 1899, ii. 382. 

GESELL, A., book on mining by. 1899, ii. 531. 

on coal in Hungary. 1898, ii. 394. 

GESNER, G. W., on a rust-proof process. 1890, i. 348 ; ii. 860. 

GEUSEN, L., book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 537. 

GEUZE, L., book on metallurgy by. 1900, i. 492. 

GHERSI, J., book on metallurgy by. 1897, ii. 550. 

GHYSEN, H., on coal-mining in Belgium. 1899, i. 350. 

on ropes. 1900, i. 325. 

on underground haulage. 1900, i. 325. 

on winding appliances. 1899, i. 337. 

on winding ropes. 1899, ii. 371. 

GIACOMELLI, L., on determination of chromium. 1896, i. 537. 

GIBBINS, Fbederick William, elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 

GIBERTINI, D., on natural gas. 1894, i. 472. 

GIBSON, A. M., book on mining by. 1892, i. 534. 



GBNERAL INDEX. 239 

GIBSON, T. W., on exploring with diamond drill. 1896, ii. 286. 

on value of peat as fuel. 1898, i. 233. 

GIBSON, W., on coal in Africa. 1897, i. 380. 

-! on coal in StaflFordshire. 1899. ii. 311 ; 1900, L 294, ii. 4.30. 

on coal in Transvaal. 1892, ii. 359. 

on geology of Southern Transvaal. 1893, ii. 350. 

GiBSSEN, iron ore near. 1897, ii. 2(>9. 

GIFFIN, J., on safety-lamps. 1892. ii. 409. 

Gifts for education in the United States. 1890. s. v. 65. 

GILBERT, W., book on metallurgy by. 1893, i. 449. 

on ventilating. 1896, i. 378. 

GILBERTSON, F. W., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

GILCHRIST, J., on iron and steel supports underground. 1893, ii. 392, 

on testing metals. 1900, ii. 555. 

GILCHRIST, J. R., on collieries. 1897, i. 434. 
GILCHRIST, P. C, on aluminium steel. 1890, ii. 194. 

on basic steel. 1894, i. 648. 

on basic steel for shipbuilding. 1892, i. 150. 

on Bessemer process. 1890, ii. 141. 

on chemical phenomena in basic steel manufacture. 1890. i. 149. 

on composition and strength of steel. 1894, i. ;^l. 

on Darby process of recarburisation, 1890, ii. 579. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 196, 221. 

on oi)en-hearth continuous steel process. 1900. i. 92. 

on open-hearth process of Bertrand and Thiel. 1897, i. 140, 501. 

on welding by electricity. 1890, ii. 247. 

GILES. W., on coal-dust in mines. 1894, ii. 370. 
GILL, A. H., book on metallurgy by. 1897, ii. 550. 
book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601. 

GILL, William— 

Paper on "The present position of the iron ore industries of Biscay 
and Santander," 1896, ii. 36 ; Biscay, 36 ; the mines, 41 ; working, trans- 
port, and shipping, 41 ; concentration and calcination, 41 ; washing, 52 ; 
transport, 52 ; subsidiary haulage from mines to railway depots, 53 ; 
Matamoros branch railways of the Orconera Iron Ore Company, 54 ; 
Orconera incline, 55 ; endless chain of the Soci<$t^ Franco-Beige, 58 ; 
aerial ropeways of the Somorrostro Iron Ore Company, 60 ; aerial rope- 
ways of the Ezma-Diputacion Provincial de Vizcaya, 62 ; other subsidiary 
haulage systems, 63 ; railway transport to the Bilbao river, and shipment, 
64 ; Bilbao district, 72 ; general remarks, 72 ; the Vizcaya bridge at 
Portugalete, 73 ; the port, 74 ; mines with independent shipping places 
on Cantabrian coast, 78 ; in Biscay, 78 ; Cobaron and San Francisco, 78 ; 
in the province of Santander. 79 ; Setares, 79 ; Dicido, 82 ; works in 
progress at Onton and Castro-Urdiaics, 83 ; Santander, 84 ; general, 91 ; 
Reocin, 92 ; analyses of Orconera Iron Ore Company's ores, 94 ; table of 
shots fired in various classes of ore, 95 ; bibliography, 96 ; export of iron 
ore from Bilbao river, 1882 to 1895, 98 ; approximate output of iron ore in 
Bilbao ironworks, 98 ; list of photographs, 100. — Ih'^cuatioti : W. Gill, 101 ; 
S. Rideal, 101 ; H. Banerman, 101 ; G. J. Snelus. 102; the President, 102. 

GILL, William James, elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 

GILLESPIE, A., on by-products. 1897, i. 458. 

on producer gas. 1895, i. 344. 

on recovery of by-products. 1898, i. 446. 

GILLHAUSEN, G., elected member. 1900, i. 2. 



240 GENERAL INDEX. 

OILLON, A., book on metalliirgj by. 1892, i. 534. 

Paper on " The iron and steel Indastries of Belgium/* 1894, ii. 7. 

weloome to Brussels by. 1894, ii. 1. 

OILLOTT, JoBBPH, & Sons. 1895, ii. 326. 

GILLOTT, T., on surface plant. 1897, i. 443. 

GILMOUR, E. B., on foundry appliances. 1900, ii. 509. 

GILPIN, E., books on mining by. 1890, i. 409 ; 1892, i. 584 ; 1893, i. 451. 

on coal in Canada. 1896, ii. 302 ; 1897, ii. 317. 

on coal in Nova Scotia. 1894, ii. 322 ; 1898, i. 377 ; 1900, i. 298. 

on explosions in Nova Scotian collieries. 1895, i. 372. 

on iron ore of Cape Breton. 1893, ii. 312. 

on iron ores of Nova Scotia. 1892, i. 272 ; 1894, iL 280 ; 1896, ii. 272. 

on mining industry of Nova Scotia. 1892, i. 508 ; 1899, i. 482. 

on statistics of Nova Scotia. 1890, i. 38.5 ; 1894, ii. 507 ; 1897, i. 693. 

on use of explosives in mines. 1893, i. 262. 

GIORGIS, G., on determination of chromium. 1893, i. 412. 

on determination of manganese. 1897, ii. 498. 

on determination of nickel. 1899, ii. 488. 

on mild steel. 1897, i. 539. 

GiPPSLAND, Victoria, lignite deposits of. 1892, i. 323. 
GIRABD, A., on determination of carbon. 1899, i. 464. 
GiRABD blast-furnace, Ohio. 1891, i. 358. 
GIRAULT, P., on electric locomotives, 1898, i. 407. 
GiBDBB shops and tools at Phoenix works. 1890, s. v. 288. 
GiBDBBS in mines, steel. 1896, i. 373. 

protection of, during fire. 1894, ii. 461. 

GiBiDiH coalfield in Bengal. 1896, i. 340. 
GIRVAN, Hugh, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 
GITMANN, F. H., book on metallurgy by. 1900, i. 492. 
GJERS, J., obituary notice of. 1898, ii. 327. 

presentation of Bessemer medal to. 1894, i. 12. 

GJERS, Lawrence F.— 

Paper on '* The equalisation of varying temperatures of hot-blast,'* 1900, 
i. 154. Sec J. H. Hakrison. 

on hot-blast. 1899, ii. 400. 

GJERS soaking pits. 1891, i. 402 ; 1896, 1. 471. 
GLADEIJ, P., on influence of oxygen on iron. 1894, i. 593. 

on ore deposits of Miednorudjansk and Wyssokaja. 1892, i. 271. 

on oxygen in malleable iron. 1898, i. 392. 

GLADSTONE, J. H., on history of iron. 1898, ii. 486. 
GLiESENAPP. M., on Russian fireclay. 1891, i. 275. 

on iron ore deposits near Eertsch. 1899, ii. 312. 

GLASER, L., on new method of firing. 1893, ii. 361. 
GLASS, J. G. H., on coal in China. 1900, i. 300. 

on iron ore in China. 1900, i. 277, ii 413. 

on native iron manufacture. 1900, i. 366. 

Glass industry of Pittsburgh. 1890, s. v. 431. 

GLASSER, E., on mineral industry of Siberia. 1900, ii. OK;. 

GLAZIER, R, book on metallurgy by. 1899, ii. 530. 

on ornamental ironwork. 1899, ii. 448. 

Glendowkr iron ore deposits. 1895, i. 281. 



GENERAL INDEX. 241 

GLENN, W., on coal-dust 1894, i. 605, ii. 370 ; 1895, L 3tiG. 

on form of fissure walls. 1895, ii 427. 

on sampling iron ore. 1892, i. 298. 

GLINZ, K, on microstracture of iron. 1900, ii 541. 

on texture of iron. 1900, i 399. 

GLOVER, G. T., on testing material for rolling-stock. 1898, ii. 538. 
GLUCE, L„ on blasting in mines. 1890, i. 269. 

on mining thin coal-seams in Missouri and Kansas. 1892, i. 361. 

Gob fires in mines. 1894, ii 371 ; 1895, i. 374. 
GOBEILLE, J. L., on pattern-making. 1896, i. 427. 
GOBERT, A., on freezing process of shaft-sinking. 1894, i. 480. 

on shaft-sinking. 1893, i 252, ii 389 ; 1896, ii 321. 

GOBLER, C, on coalfields of Upper Silesia. 1891, ii 175. 
GODEAUX, A., on hardening steel 1897, i 511. 

on yentilation of collieries. 1899, i. 354. 

on winding engines. 1896, i. 370, ii. 324. 

GODY, L., book on mining by. 1893, ii. 563. 

GOECHE, E., book on metallurgy by. 1900, ii. 030. 

GOERING, R, on steel rails. 1895, ii. 566. 

GOETHITE from Nova Scotia. 1891, i. 256. 

GOETZ, G. W., on analyses of Lake Superior iron ores. 1890, ii. 666. 

on fuel gas. 1890, i. 243. 

on open-hearth process. 1894, i. 545. 

GOFFE, E., on gun manufacture. 1900, ii. 538. 
GOFFIN, J., on lighting of collieries. 1900, i 389. 

on safety lamps. 1893, ii 408. 

Gogebic iron range. 1890, s. v. 198, 379 ; 1892, ii. 316. 

GOICHOT, on electricity in mines. 1899, ii 373. 

Gold in coal. 1895, i. 325. 

GOLDING, John, on sulphate of ammonia from blast-furnaces. 1897, i. 294. 

GOLDSCHMIDT, H., on aluminium as a reduciug ugeut. 1896, ii. 548 ; 1899, 

ii 475. 
on production of high temperatures. 1898, ii. 387. 

on repairing faulty castings. 1900, ii. 535. 

GOLDSCHMIDT, O., on American foundry pig iron. 1898, i. 457. 

GOLDSMITH, E.. on meteorites. 1896, i 310. 

GK)LDSMITH, N. O., on Lorain steel plant. 1900, ii. 529. 

GOMES, J. P., on bitumen from Portuguese West Africa. 1899, i. 333. 

GOMEZ, M., on forging presses and steam hammers. 1893, ii. 454. 

GOOCH, F. A., on determination of aluminium. 1897, i 573. 

on determination of manganese. 1898, ii 558. 

GOODRIDGE, J. P., on Indian iron ores. 1897, i 339. 

GOODWIN, J. M., on coal in Utah. 1897, i 385, ii 321. 

GOODWIN, J. T., elected member. 1893. i 2. 

GOOLDEN, W. T., on coal-cutting. 1898, ii. 435. 

GORANSSON, A. H., on brittleness produced by annealing. 1898, ii 166, 

GORiVNSSON, G6RAN Frkdrik, obituary notice of. 1900, i 252. 

GORBY, S. S., on Indiana coai 1893, ii 559. 

GORDON, F. W., on American blast-furnaces. 1890, ii 74. 

on blowing-engines. 1891, ii 242 ; 1899, ii. 400. 

on evolution of the tuyere stock. 1898, ii. 434. 

Q 



242 GENERAL INDKX. 

GORDON, F. W., on selection of materialB for the blast-furnace. 1892, ii. 

422 ; 1895, i. 386. 
GORDON. H. A.» on coal at Alford Forest, New Zealand. 1898, i. 229. 
GORDON, J. G., on ingots for gun-tubes and propeller shafts. 1900, i. 173. 

on rolling tubes. 1890, i. 334. 

GORE, G., on critical points of iron and steel. 1890, i. 76. 
GORGEU, A., on determination of manganese. 1894, i. 613. 

on manganese ores in France. 1893, ii. 320. 

on natural oxides of manganese. 1895, i. 2t>l. 

GORIAINOFF, A. M. db. elected member. 1894. i. 2. 

GORLING, O., ou electric light in mining. 1895, ii. 436. 

GOSCHEN, TiiK Right Hon. G. J., speech by. 1900, i. 234. 

GOSLING, E. B., on ozokerite. 1895, i. 338. 

GOSLING, R. F., on coal in Honduras. 1894, i. 452. 

GOSS, W. F. M., on axles. 1897, i. 551. 

(tOSBAN lode of Virginia. 1892, i. 281. 

GOSSELET, J., on coal in France. 1898, ii. 3<J3 ; 1900, ii. 435. 

GOSSERIES, E., on ventilating. 1896, i. 378. ii. 334. 

GOTH AN, H., on deep boring. 1900, ii. 462. 

GOTHARD, J., elected member. 1893, ii. 6. 

GOTTHARDT, G., on winding appliances. 1900, L 324. 

GOTTIG, on determination of carbon. 1894, i. 607. 

GOTTSCHALK, P. A., obituary notice of. 1898, ii. 328. 

GOUGE, J., book on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. 599. 

GOULD, G., on coal-cutting. 1897, i. 124. 

GOUPILLIERE, H. de la, books on mining by. 1896, i. 675 ; 1897, ii. 651. 

on fire-damp. 1894, i. 602. 

on methods of working coal. 1899, ii. 377. 

GOUTAL, E., on calorific power of coal. 1896, i. 327. 

on compounds isolated from steel. 1900, ii. 571. 

on condition of silicon and chromium in steel. 1899, i. 453. 

on determination of carbon. 1900, i. 432. 

on influence of hardening. 1900, ii. 540. 

on new analytical methods. 1898, ii. 55 1. 

on steel and iron alloys. 1897, ii. 486. 

GOUVY, A., on analyses of French pig iron. 1891, i. 361. 

on blast-furnace practice. 1896, i. 412. 

on gas- fired puddling furnaces. 1895, ii. 491. 

un manufacture of pig iron in Germany. 1896, i. 39(5. 

on open -hearth furnaces in Germany. 1895, ii. 507. 

Govkknok-Gkneral of Canada, address of. 1890, s. v. 479. 
GOVETT, E., on chrome iron ore in Australia. 1895, ii. 371. 
GOWEll, A. L., on coal-mining in Scrvia. 1896, i. 315. 
GOWLAND, William, elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 'HHK 

on Ja|)auese statistics. 1895, ii. Ci!0. 

GowKiE colliery, Cape Breton. 1892, i. 385. 
GOWRY, A., ou molecular constitution of steel. 1890, ii. 830. 
GOYE, J., on American foundry practice. 1896, i. 423. 
GRA13AU, L., on aluminium as a refining agent. 1893, ii. 447. 
TiRACEY, Colonel, on Indian coal. 1897, ii. 530. 



QKNEKAL INDEX. 243 

Grading of pig iron. 1892, i. 405, iL 435 ; 1898, 1. 315 ; 1894, ii. 396 ; 1895, 
u. 566 ; 1896, ii. 362 ; 1899, i. 382. 

Graff direct process. 1892, i. 438. 

GRAHAM, E., on doable stall working in' a thin seum. 1893, ii. 400. 

on haulage at East Howie Colliery. 1894, i. 486. 

GRAHAM, M., book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 637. 

GRAHAM, R. H., on time tests. 1890, i. 361. 

GRAHAM, T. H., on Sigua iron mines, Cuba. 1890, i. 198. 

Grahamite. 1899, i. 333. 

in Texas. 1893, i. 245. 

GRAILLOT, D., on coal-acreening. 1894, i. 513. 

on new winding-engines. 1894, i. 481. 

GRAILLOT, F., on coal-screening and washing. 1899, i. 366. 

Grain of steel and temperature, relation between. 1896, i. 4U9. 

GRAMBOW, L., on tests of armour-plates. 1894, ii. 467. 

GRANDEAU, E., on utilisation of basic slag. 1900, i. 387. 

GRAND EURY, C, on coal in France. 1899, i. 309 ; 1900, ii. 436. 

GRANE, N., on magnetic properties of iron. 1896, i. 491. 

GRANGER, H. G., on coal in Colombia. 1898, i. 380. 

Granossberu iron ore, Sweden. 1891, i. 253. 

mines. 1898, ii. 298. 

GRANGIER, P., book on mining by. 1893, i. 460. 

GRANSTROM, G. A., on iron ore in Sweden. 1900, i. 48*2. 

GRANT, A. M., on winding engines. 1895, i. 349. 

GRANT, T. M., on blowing machinery. 1898, i. 446. 

Granulation of blast-furnace slag. 1896, ii. 359. 

GRANVILLE, Earl, memoir of. 1891, i. 233. 

remarks on proposing vote of thanks to the President. 1890, i. 159. 

Graphic calculation of slag constituents. 1892, i. 409. 

records of screening crushed materials.. 1898, ii. 380. 

Graphite. 1892, i. 306 ; 1895, i. 304 ; 1897, ii. 302 ; 1898, ii. 384 ; 1899, 
i. 306, u. 337; 1900, i. 291. 

Borrowdale. 1890, ii. 737. 

crucibles. 1890, i. 216 ; 1896, ii. 293 ; 1900, ii. 426. 

. for crucibles. 1890, i. 216. 

formation of. 1891, ii. 165. 

in cast iron. 1890, ii. 849. 

in Saxony. 1895, ii. 397. 

in United States. 1900, ii. 427. 

industry of the United States. 1891, ii. 167. 

Italian. 1895, ii. 398 ; 1898, i. 366. 

mines of Ceylon. 1890, ii. 740. 

mining in Austria. 1890, ii. 738 ; 1896, i. 326. 

mining in Bavaria. 1890, ii. 738 ; 1891, ii. 166 ; 1900, ii. 426. 

mining in Ceylon. 1891, ii. 166 ; 18.^2, ii. 344 ; 1900, ii. 427. 

preparation of. 1892, ii. 345. 

Grapiiitic carbon. 1893, ii. 334. 

GRASSMANN, F., on coalfield of Saar district. 1891, ii. 175. 

on loss of metal in the basic Bessemer process. 1896, i. 456. 

GRATIGNY, R. E., on pyrometry. 1893, ii. 339. 

on solution of gases in iron. 1893, ii. 521. 



244 GENERAL INDEX. 

GRAYB, L. W. DE, on electricity in mining. 1895, i. 356. 

on explosives and blasting. 1898, ii. 437. 

Gravel and quicksand, sinking through. 1892, i. 290. 

GRAVES, H. G., on Bertrand-Thiel process. 1897. ii. 432. 

on detection of fire-damp. 1894, i. 500. 

on history of coal-mining. 1896, ii. 341 ; 1898, i. 426. 

on iron industry of Spain. 1896, ii. 34. 

on puddling iron. 1898, i. 144. 

on wire manufacture. 1893, ii. 101. 

report on excursion to Lorraine. 1900, ii. 366. 

GRAY, A., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1900, ii. 543. 

GRAY, Lbabon, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

GRAY, M., obituary notice of. 1896, ii. 258. 

GRAY, T., on eolotropy in steel. 1899, ii. 466. 

on magnetic properties of iron. 1894, ii. 444. 

on recording apparatus for testing-machines. 1893, l 367. 

on testing cast iron. 1896, iL 408. 

Gbaz, dolomite from. 1896, ii. 292. 

Great Britain, collieries in. 1897, ii. 364 ; 1898, i. 426, ii 451 ; 1899, i. 363, 
ii. 388 ; 1900, i. 340. 

cost of production of pig iron in. 1890, s. v. 183. 

iron ores of. 1898, i. 178. 

magnetic survey of. 1895, ii. 388. 

Great Gossan lode of Virginia. 1892, i. 281. 

Great-Western Colliery Company. 1897, ii. 248. 

GREATHEAD, J. H., obituary notice of. 1896, ii. 258. 

GREBE, on discovery of ore in the Eifel. 1898, i. 221. 

GREDT, P., on analysis of blast-furnace gases. 1890, ii. 857. 

on blast-furnace charge. 1890, ii. 742. 

on blast-furnace gases. 1890, ii. 752 ; 1896, ii. 473. 

Greece, brown coal of. 1899, i. 309. 

hematite mining in. 1895, i. 27H. 

iron ore in. 1898, i. 341. 

iron trade of. 1891, ii. 349. 

lignite in. 1898, ii. 394. 

manganese ore in. 1897, ii. 281. 

mineral industry of. 1893, ii. 304. 

mineral statistics of. 1893, ii. 551 ; 1897, ii. 529 ; 1899, ii. 510. 

GREEN, G. R., on manufacture of tubes. 1898, i. 358. 

GREEN, James A., on cost of production in the United States. 1900, ii. 622. 

GREENE, Hm book on mining by. 1890, i. 109. 

GREENE, W. H., on manganese alloys. 1898, i. 302. 

Gukenland, native iron in. 1898, i. 195. 

GREENLEE, Brothers, on sheet-metal cuttiiij: machine. 1891, i. 41*J. 

GREENWELL, G. C, on coal-screening at Poyuton colliery. 1891, ii. 2:J0. 

on iron ore at Dover. 1894, ii. 275. 

on new coal-screen. 1890, i. 277. 

GREER, J. E., on steel forgings and ca-stinps for ordnance. 1893, ii. 517. 

GREGORIE, C, on mine surveying. 1900, ii. 4«2. 

GREGORY, J., on safety-lamps. 1897, i. 429. 

on winding appliances. 1900, ii. 466. 



GENKRAL INDEX. 245 

GREGORY, J. R, on meteorites. 1898, i. 198. 

GREHANT, N., on fire-damp. 1893, ii. 412 ; 1898, i. 423. 

GREINER, Adolph, elected Member of Council. 1897, ii. 23. 

on action of metalloids on cast iron. 1898, ii. 221. 

on American standard specifications of iron and steel. 1900, ii. 239. 

on blast-farnace gas. 1898, ii. 130. 

Paper on "Blowing-engine worked by blast-fnmace gas," 1900, i. 
109 ; results obtained at the Cockerill works, 109 ; dimensions of engine, 
101) ; engine trials, 109 ; heat-balance of the engine, 111 ; design of three 
1200 horse-power gas engines, 112. — Discussion: L. Mond, 113; W. 
Hawdon, 113 ; B. Donkin ; 113 ; Sir L. Bell, 114 ; H. Allen. 114. 

on canstic lime in the blast-furnace. 1894, ii. 60. 

on coke-ovens. 1898, i. 56. 

on danger of using too hard steel rails. 1898, ii. 101. 

on development of iron industry in France from 1888 to 1898. 1900, 

ii. 39. 
on metallography. 1898, ii. 528. 

on micro-chemistrv of cementation. 1898, ii. 196. 

on practical microscopic analysis. 1899, ii. 149. 

Paper on ** The use of blast-furnace gas for motive power," 1898, i. 21 ; 
literature of the subject, 21; first experiments at Seraing, 22; results 
obtained in current practice, 25 ; the 200 horse-power engine at Seraing, 
27 ; analysis of dust from blast-furnace gas, 29; sammary of the advan- 
tage of the use of gas, 30. — Discussion : J. Riley, 32, 37 ; G. J. Snelus, 
'M\ ; Sir L. Bell. 38 ; L. Mond, 3S ; W. Hawdon, 39 ; W. Roberts, 39 : 
J. M. While, 40; A. Greiner 40. — Correspondence : W. H. Booth, 42. 
vote of thanks ))y. 1899, ii. 238 : 1900, ii. 275. 



GREINER, J. E., on structural steel. 1897, ii. 469. 
GRELLET, C. T., on Ouelhassas iron ore mines. 1894, ii. 290. 
GREMPLER, W., on ancient furnaces. 1897, i. 492. 
Greslky ironworks, Sal ford. 1899, ii. 276. 
GRESLEY, W. S., books on mining by. 1893, ii. 563, 564. 

on anthracite "coal apples." 1893, ii. 360. 

on electric transmission of power. 1898, i 408. 

on formation of coal. 1896, ii. 305 ; 1897, i. 386. 

on frondescent haimatite. 1893, i. 103. 

on haulage by compressed air locomotives. 1895, i. 351. 

on iron ores of Lake Superior region. 1896, i. 282. 

on longwall system of working coal. 1892, ii. 405. 

on methods of working coal. 1900, ii. 475. 

on Midland coalfields. 1896, i. 311 ; 1897, i. 367. 

on origin of coal. 1899, i. 308. 

on peculiar structure in haematite. 1892, ii. 323. 

on Pittsburgh coal seam. 1896, i. 324. 

on spontaneous combustion. 1894, i. 505. 

on Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire coalfield. 1896, ii. 298. 

GREVEN, F., on iron ore in Lorraine. 1898, i. 334. 

on manganese ore in Brazil. 1899, ii. 322. 

GREY, Ri^Ni^:, on the Austrian Fire-damp Commission. 1892, ii. 412. 
GRIBASSOWY, on coal resources of Siberia. 1899, i. 317. 
GRIESBACH, C. L., on boring for petroleum at Sukkur. 1895, ii. 425. 

on coal in country north of Bhamo, Burma. 1892, ii. 360. 

GRIFFIN, Patrick Henry, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 



246 GENEBAL INDEX. 

GRIFFIN, Patrick Henrt, on charcoal iron furnaces in Canada. 1898, ii. 427. 

on iron ores in Qaebec. 1898, ii. 312. 

on wheels for railway Tehicles. 1891, ii. 296. 

GRIFFITH, N. R., on Kent coal. 1897, i. 366. 

on shaft-sinking. 1899, i. 335. 

on sinking shafts through quicksands. 1892, i. 345. 

GRIFFITH, W., on coal in Peru. 1899, i. 316. 

on history of coal mining. 1896, ii. 341. 

on refuse in anthracite seams. 1892, i. 326. 

GRIFFITHS, A. B., book on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 890. 

GRIFFITHS, D., on colliery explosions. 1898, ii. 448. 

GRIFFITHS, H. W., book on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 366. 

GRIFFITHS, J., on steel sleepers. 1896, i. 479. 

GRIFFITHS, Thomas, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 

GRIFFITHS, W., on underground pinning or stowincr. 1893, i. 260. 

GRILL, B., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

GRIMES, G. E., on petroleum in Burma. 1900, i. 314. 

GRIMMITT, W., on prevention of winding accidents. 1891, ii. 211. 

GRIMSHAW, R., on moulding. 1897, ii. 409. 

Gbinding basic slag. 1890, i. 326 ; 1891, ii. 281. 

GRINROD, E., on cupolas. 1897, i. 484. 

GROBLER, A., on electricity in mines. 1899, i. 342. 

on shaft-sinking. 1898, ii. 429. 

Gboden fireclay. 1892, ii. 343. 

GROGER, M., on cannel coal. 1894, ii. 315. 

GROLL, Friedrich, on determination of iron. 1899, ii. 490. 

GROMIER. G., on dressing spathic ore. 1894, i. 426. 

GROOVES. S., on iron pipe-founding. 1897, ii. 413. 

GROSCLAUDE, J., on manufacture of slag cement. 1890, i. 296. 

GROTRIAN, O., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1895, i. 457. 

Grottau brown coal mines. 1897, ii. 310. 

GROVER, F., on physical properties of compressed iron tires. 1897, ii. 477. 

GROVES, C. E., books on mining by. 1895, i. 547, ii. 633. 

GROVES, S., on moulding. 1897, i. 489. 

on moulding toothed gearing. 1895, ii. 488. 

GRUB. E. B., on effect of vibration on wrought iron. 1896, i. 502. 
GRUNBERG, v., on density of minerals. 1896, ii. 344. 
GRUNDY, George Graham Stewart, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 
GRUNDY, J., books on mining by. 1895. i. .'549 ; 1900, i. 494. 

on accidents from blasting in collieries. 1892, i. 358. 

on coal and iron ore in India. 1896, ii. 473. 

on safety fuse and lighter. 1891. i. 321. 

GRUNDY, T., on shaft-sinking. 1893. ii. 3S(). 
GRUNER, A., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 551. 
GRUNER, E., book on mining by. 1894, i. 650. 

on coalfields of the world. 1895, ii. 404. 

GRUSON, H., obituary notice of. 1895, i. 2(>:J. 

Gruson armour-plates. 1891, i. 416. 

GRIJTZNEK, B., on crystalline iron-tungsten alloy. 1893, i. :VMu 

GSTr)TTNER, A., on a new testing machine at Przibrani. 1891. i. 425. 

Guaymas, coal in. 1891, i. 299. 



GENERAL INDEX. 247 

GUBBINS, R. R., on design of a troUey for rolUng-mills. 1890, ii. 771. 

on hot charging and hot piling of pnddle bars. 1892, i. 417. 

on rolls for hot piling puddled bars. 1891, i. 381. 

GUERIN, H., on use of liquid fuel. 1900, ii. 462. 

GUEST, J. J., on strength of ductile materials. 1900, ii. 545. 

GUETTIER, A., book on metallurgy by. 1890, i. 408. 

GUIBAL, T., on ventilating. 1896, i. 378. 

GuiBAL fans, Walker shutter for. 1890, ii. 719. 

GUILLAUME, 0. E., on alloys of iron and nickel. 1899, ii. 465. 

book on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. 599. 

on nickel steel. 1898, i. 605, ii. 643 ; 1900, ii. 551. 

GULCHER, R. J., on lighting of collieries. 1900, ii. 480, 481. 
GOMBEL. W. von, on Amberg iron ore deposits. 1896, i. 278. 

on brown -coal deposits in Bavaria. 1896, i. 338. 

on tertiary coal deposits near Bregenz. 1896, ii. 299. 

Gun, action of projectile and explosives on tubes of steel. 1898, ii. 233. 

Krupp, largest in the world. 1890, i. 347. 

lathes. 1890, ii. 813. 

manufacture. 1892, ii. 474 ; 1898, i. 387 ; 1900, i. 394, ii. 538. 

tubes and propeller shafts, ingots for. 1900, i. 1(>,3. 

wire-wound. 1891, i. 414. 

Gun-barrels, Damascus. 1896, ii. 392. 

steel for. 1898, i. 517. 

tests of. 1891, i. 424. 

GUN-FAGTORIBS at Royal Arsenal, programme of inspection of. 1891, ii. 1 14. 

Gun -IRON and semi-steel. 1899, i. 390. 

Gunpowder, combustion of. 1898, i. 2(>2. 

GUN-SIIOP, the Watervliet Arsenal. 1891, ii. 2i)8. 

GUNDELAH coalfield. 1895, i. 319. 

GUNDLACH, L.. on a coal-tippler. 1892, ii. 421. 

GUNTHER, F., book on mining by. 1900, ii. 631. 

GUNTHER, G., on new iron reduction process. 1894, ii. 404. 

GUNTHER, S., on fire-damp. 1895, i. 373. 

GUNTZ, on action of carbonic oxide in iron. 1892, i. 482. 

on iron-carbonyl in illuminating gas. 1893, i. 391. 

GiJRlCH, G., book on mining by. 1896, ii. 532. 

on genesis of ore deposits. 1900, i. 266. 

GUTHE, K. E. , on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1897, ii. 453. 
GUTHRIE, J. K., on pumping appliances. 1892, i. 364. 
GUTMANN, H., on coal-cutting machinery. 1897, ii. 354. 

on mining brown coal. 1896, i. 376. 

on safety-lamps. 1892, ii. 408. 

on working coal. 1896, ii. 332 ; 1897, i. 425, ii. 366. 

GUTMANN, M. VON, on Witkowitz collieries. 1900, ii. 593. 

GUTMANN, O., books on mining by. 1892, i. 535 ; 1896, ii. 633 ; 1900, i. 494. 

on explosives and blasting. 1899, i. 346. 

GUTTA-PERCHA for colliery pump valves. 1891, i. 329. 
GUYON, F. J., on mineral statistics of Russia. 1897, ii. 532. 

on mining in Russia. 1898, i. 569. 

GWYNNE, THOMAS, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 
GYSSLING, W., on coke and brown coal. 1899. i. 307. 



248 GENERAL INDEX. 



H. 

HAARMANN, A., book on metallurp^y by. 1891, ii. 366. 
HAARMANN, C, on coal-dust. 1895. i. 367, ii. 448. 

on shipping coal. 1893, ii. 420. 

HAAS, F., on calorific value of coal. 1897, i. 362. 

on coal analysis. 1897, i. 580. 

HABDANK-DUNIKOWSKI, E. von, on Bukowina petroleum. 1899, i. 332. 
HABER, E., on asphalt in I'eru. 1893, i. 245. 

on coal in Peru. 1898, i. 231. 

HABER, F., on electrolytic iron. 1898, ii. 548. 
HABERMANN, C, on blowing machinery. 1898, i. 447. 

on Klcy pump. 1899, i. 301. 

on mine drainage. 1900, ii. 477. 

on mine-pumps. 1898, ii. 444. 

on steel ropes. 1897, i. 512 ; 1899, i. 338. 

on winding-engines. 1896, ii. 324 ; 1897, ii. 345. 

on winding ropes. 1895, ii. 433 ; 1897, ii. 348. 

on wire ropes. 1897, i. 412. 

HABETS, A., book on metallurgy by. 1892, i. 534. 

book on mining by. 1893, ii. 563. 

on coal in Belgium. 1900, i. 296. * 

on loading coal. 1893, i. 288. 

HABETS, Marcel, on shaft-sinking. 1900, ii. 465. 
HABETS, P., on accidents in coal mines. 1891, i. 457. 

on mine pumps. 1899, i. 351. 

on ventilating appliances. 1894, ii. 366. 

HADCOCK, A. G., book on metallurgy by. 1893, ii. 562. 

HADDOCK, J. C, on anthracite statistics of United States. 1899, i. 502. 

Haddon Hall. 1899, ii. 265. 

HADESTY, G. B., on mine drainage. 1898, ii. 445. 

on mine surveying. 1896, ii. 342. 

HADFIELD, R. A., appointed representative of Institute. 1898, i. 11. 

elected Member of Council. 1890, ii. 17. 

on action of metalloids of cast iron. 1898, ii. 226. 

on allotropic iron. 1898, i. 211. 

Paper on "Alloys of iron and chromium," including report by F. 
Osmond, 1892, ii. 49. — Introduction : Objects of paper, 49 — Early History : 
French metallurgists, 50 ; discovery of chromium, 51 ; character of 
metal, 51 ; name of metal, 52 ; Vauquelin, 52. — Description of metal, 53 ; 
metallic state, 53 ; chromium and electrolysis, 54 ; oxidisability, 54 ; 
amorphous form, 54 ; manufacture of metallic chromium, 55 ; oxides, 
salts, and chromites, 55 ; occurrence, 56. — Early experiments : Faraday, 
Stodart, and Berthier, 56 ; Baur, Sir ¥. Abel, 57 ; Fremy, Brustlein, Dr. 
Percy, Robert Mushet, 58 ; A. Parkes, H. Briermann, J. Baur, 59 ; alloys 
of chrome ore and iron or steel, 61 ; M. Brustlein, 61 ; S. Kern, 61. — 
Production and sources of ores for manufncturr. : Essentials of manufacture, 
62 ; crucible and blast-furnace methods, alloys of ferro-manganese, 63 ; 
of silicon and silicon-spiegel, 63 ; ferro-chromium, 63 ; aluminium and 
ferro-aluminium, 63; chrome iron ore, 63, 64 ; analyses of chromite, 64 ; 
of a Bohemian parnot, 64 ; chrome ironstone, 65 ; chromium compounds 
in Russia, 65 ; analyses of pip: iron and hamiatite ore of Tasmania, 66 ; 



GENERAL INDEX. 249 

HADFIELD, R A. {corUinued)— 

of slags, 66 ; Tasmanian haematite ore deposits, 67 ; value of chrome ore 
at Tasmanian mines, 68. — Production by crucible process : Methods adopted, 
69 ; Swedish ferro-chromium, 7iK — Production hy the hlast-fumacey 70 ; 
reduction of chromium and its oxide, 71 ; puddling, 71 ; alloy with 
chromium for axles, 72 ; reduction of chromium and manganese from 
oxides, 72 ; ferro-chromium of high percentages, 72, 73 ; high tempera- 
ture, 73 ; production on the Continent, 74. — Crystallisation of ferro- 
chromium : Brustlein's ferro-chromium at Paris Exhibition, 74 ; resem- 
blance to spiegeleisen, 74 ; friability, 74, 75. — Magnetic properties, 75. — 
[/se in cast iron, 76 ; specific gravity, 76 ; list of tables and diagrams of 
paper, 77. — Manufacture of samples for paper, 11 ; material used, 77 ; 
difficulty of manufacture of alloy, 77 ; fluidity of alloy, 78. — Soundness : 
Effect of chromium on steel. 78. — Chromium tted in cast state : Influence of 
carbon, 79, 80 ; fracture of chromium steel, 79 ; effect of annealing, 81 ; 
toughness, 81 ; ductility, 81. — Hardness : Facility of filing, 82 ; determina- 
tion of hardness by sclerometer, 82 ; degrees of hardness, 83 ; effect of 
chromium on iron, 83, 84 ; atomic volume of chromium, &c., 84. — Forged 
state: Highest limit of forgeability, 85 ; annealing, 85 ; mechanical tests, 
86 ; fractures from bars, 86 ; tensile tests, 87 ; comparative tensility, 88, 
90 ; effect of annealing, 88, 90 ; elastic limit, 89 ; compression tests, 90 ; 
water-quenching tests, 91 ; thermal treatment, 91 ; welding tests, 92. — 
Use of chromium in steel manufacture : War material, 93 ; experiments with 
projectiles, 94, 95 ; percentage of chromium in shells, 96 ; advantage of 
chromium over carbon steel, 96, 101 ; necessity of high carbon, 96 ; 
chromium as a hardener, 97 ; ** combined " carbon, 97 ; different forms of 
carbon, 97 ; high tensility, 98 ; tests of Tasmanian chromium pig, 99 ; use 
for tires and axles, 99 ; Arnold's tensile tests, 99 ; Bessemer rails, 100 ; 
tests with carbon and chromium steel, 101 ; analysis of, 103 ; chromium 
and manganese, 104 ; effect of chromium, 104 ; tires on German rail- 
ways, 104 ; uniformity of tests, 105 ; metric system, 105. — Chromium steel 
wire, 106 ; tensility, effect of annealing oil and water quenching, 106, 107 ; 
tests of carbon steel wire, 107. — Electrical properties, 108. — MagnetiseUion 
of chromium xtcel : Results of experiments, 109. — Conclusion, 110. — Appen- 
dix: Deposition of chromium. 111 ; solutions of chromium plating, 112 : 
patents for manufacture of chromium, 112; preparation of chromium, 
113 ; new method of making chrome- manganese iron, 114. — Report by 
F, Osmond: Results of experiments, 115-120; chromium and the 
crystallisation of iron, 120 ; conclusions, 120 ; laws of cooling, 121 ; 
influence of initial temperature on cooling, 124 ; points of fusion, 126 ; 
general conclusions, 126 ; melting-point of ferro-chromium, 128 ; biblio- 
graphy, 130.— Discussion : Sir F. A.Abel. 132, 134, 140, 143 ; Sir W. Roberts- 
Austen, 132, 140; T. E. Vickers, 134 ; W. Galbraith, 136; W. Anderson, 
137; F. W. Webb, 139; W. F. Beardshaw, 140; E. H. Saniter, 140; 
R A. Hadfield, 141. — Correspondence: A. Ledebur, 144; E. J. Ball, 
146 ; T. Blair, 146; F. Lynwood Garrison, 150 ; F. W. Dodd, 153 ; B. H. 
Thwaite, 154; A. Vosmaer, 166; P. Kreuzpointner, 156; W. H. White, 
162 ; J. E. Stead, 163 ; J. O. Arnold, 164 ; R A. Hadfield, 169. 

on alloys of iron and nickel. 1899, ii. 462. 

on aluminium in ferro-carbon alloys. 1894, ii. 118. 

Paper on "Aluminium steel," 1890, ii. 161; introduction and early 
history, 161; processes of manufacture, 165; aluminium, copper and 
bronze, 167; alloys of cast iron and aluminium, 169; cast aluminium 
steel, 171; melting and cast state, 171; fluidity, 171; soundness, 173; 
bending tests, hardness, and appearance of fracture, 176; forged 
aluminium steel, 177; malleability and mechanical properties, 177; 
compression tests, 179; fracture, weldability, and application, 180; 
points of resemblaince between aluminium and silicon steel, 181 ; effect 
of aluminium on manganese steel and spiegeleisen. 182; literatner 



252 GCTEEAL I5PEX. 



HALAVaTS. J. Toy. rt iroL cr* ceTr*-:i« cf ih* Baca;. 1891. i i5± 
UA1£AL v. H. W., on explofirfr. i^ c jL«::=r. 1896. iL VO. 

'.c eitinct:''.'!! cf frw ir. niies. 1900. L S37. 

o=. dine s-rrejirz- 1896. iL Mi- 

«: diie tisLber. 1896. iL ?> : 190a L I'J*. 

ot Ttf.Liiiol: ;f collieries. 1897. :L 3S7 : 1900. iL 47*. 

HALBERSTADT. B.. on c a**:^»::c:: of oaI*. 1896. ii. -iiV. 

r t dradiLA^re of f ot-ie*! dine-. 1896. ii. 443. 

on \.izL.y,zjz appliAno^. 1896. L 377. 



HALDAVE. J. 5.. on hjKrk-dA:::?^ 1895, L 373. 

on carbonic an br': ride. 1891 :L C7''.'. 

on coUierr explosionf. 189?. L 4..1. 

on fre-cadp. 1896, iL 336. 

on fTonianeocs codbonion in collieries. 1899. i. 35 f-. 



HALDEM.\y. H. L.. on Aderican bias: -f^:: mace practice. 1896L iL 354. 

HALE, L, on electric power in dining. 1892. i. :^54. 

on electricity in dining 1896, ii. 320. 

HALE, R. S.. on calorific raise of weathered coal. 1899. L dC. 

on coal analysis. 1897, L o*0. 

HALES. W., on «mooth casting*. 1895. iL 4*7. 

HALF)! ANN, P.. on snild steel for boiler.*. 1897. iL 475. 

HALL, BEyj.%wiN J.ime«. elected member. 1891, ii. 3. 

PajMfr on •*The ?"ord an-i Moncir hit-blast ytove." 1896. i. 2»« : absence 
of detailed itf'.'nr.ation in the c^ast. 2*"' : de^rirti-'-n of the store. 20 : 
*Abie of firms n»\r.z hot-b:a*t stoves. '!•'»', heatini: surface of Fori and 
Moncar stove. 32; co-t, yA.— lM*rH**i'jn: W. Whit well. 34. 49: C. E. 
Cowy>er. .%. 40 : J. Ada-: son. 3S : C. Wood. :.&, 45 : E. G. To«h. 42 : T. E. G. 
Marley, 43 ; W. Roberts. 4*'. : J. Crawford. 4> : Sir L. Bell. .V« : B. J. 
Hall. 51. — C*^rrtspf/nd<-ne* : Massick? and Crcoke. ."12. 

on hot -blast stoves. 1897. i. 4^3. 

HALI^. ('. E.. on Tnantrane*e '•re dej ":i:t> of rrimcra. 1891. ii. 1.*.". 

HALLl C. H.. on cost of iron. 1897. i. 62i>. 

HALL, H., on coal industry of Rhenish Westphalia. 1898. ii. 394. 

on colliery explosions. 1892. i. 7>^\ : 1897. i. 431. 

on effect of coal-dast in collierv explosions. 1891. i. 3:Ci. 

on explosives. 1897, i. 42''. 

on shot -firing. 1893, i. 26o. 

HALL, J., elected member. 1896, ii. 5. 

HALL, John' f*E.v>-cis, obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 25r». 

on hardeninz steel. 1891. L >»1. 

HALL, 31., on explosives. 1895, ii. 43C«. 

HALL. RoBKKT Frederick, elected member. 1895. i. 2. 

HALIiu S. J., elected member. 1893. i. 2. 

HALU Thomas Bkrnard, elected raei!;ber. 1900. i. 2. 

HALLKR on bf.-haviour of iron at low temrerature.*!. 1895, ii. o.M. 

HALLER. C, on coke in the Southern United States. 1897. iL 324. 
on iron ores of the Southern Tnited State-. 1897. ii. 271. 

on piL' iron in the Southern I'nited States. 1897. ii. \\\K\. 

HALLpyJT. John Harry, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

HALLP-J.'X, a., \p(}ft\i on mining by. 1898. i. 5*^5. 

on cojil-mininjr at the Brussels Exlii))iti<'n. 1898. i. 427. 



GENERAL INDEX. 253 

HALLIDAT, 6., on thermal condition. 1898, ii. 529. 
HALLIDIE, A. S., on wire ropeways. 1898. i. 358. 
HALLIMOND, W. T., on coal in Southern Africa. 1897, ii. 319. 

on screening coal. 1897, ii. 367. 

UALLIWELL, on steel supports. 1895, ii. 437. 
HALLOCK, W., on flow of solids. 1894, i. 573. 

on underground temperature. 1897, ii. 288. 

HALLOPEAU, book on metallurgy by. 1893, i. 449. 
HALSE, E., on manganese ore in Mexico. 1892, ii. 331. 

on manganese ore in Wales. 1892, ii. 329 ; 1893, i. 200. 

HALSEY, A., on iron ore in Canada. 1900, i. 275. 

HALSEE, book on mining by. 1896, i. 575. 

HALUSSERMANN, C, on value of chrome iron ore. 1892, i. 493. 

HAMBRIDGE, J., on Pennsylvanian collieries. 1898, i. 427. 

Hamilton, visit to. 1890, s. v. 467. 

HAMILTON, Lord Claud, speech by. 1898, i. 296. 

HAMILTON, J. H., on boring and drilling-machines. 1892, i. 452. 

HAMILTON, J. M., on coalfields of Texas. 1896, ii. 415. 

HAMILTON, J. P., on iron ore in Natal. 1892, ii. 314. 

on Natal coalfields. 1892, ii. 358. 

HAMILTON, R., on determination of phosphorus. 1892, i. 488. 
H AMMAN, H. G., on pyrometry. 1898, i. 218. 
Hammer, electric power. 1892, i. 418. 

for piling scrap iron. 1892, i. 444. 

— shingling. 1897, i. 491. 

steam. 1893, ii. 454. 

HAMMER, J., on iron ore in Sweden. 1898, ii. 357. 
HAMMOND, Joseph, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 
HAMPE, W., book on metallurgy by. 1898, i. 583. 

on determination of manganese. 1892, i. 489. 

on irregularity of manganese in ferro-manganese. 1893, i. 313. 

Hamstead colliery. 1895, ii. 322. 

HANAARTE, G., on ventilating appliances. 1894, ii. 367. 
HAN AM ANN, J., on determination of phosphorus. 1895, ii. 591. 
HANAPPE, S., on ventilation of collieries. 1899, ii. 381. 
HANCOCK, D., on analysis of bauxite. 1898, iL 562. 
Hand-boring for ore with the diamond-drilL 1890, i. 209. 

machines. 1894, ii. 356 ; 1896, L 374, ii. 328 ; 1900, ii. 470. 

Hand -DRILLS in the Saxon collieries. 1895, i. 357. 

Handling coal. 1898, i. 429 ; 1899, i. 367, ii. 396 ; 1900, i. 344, ii. 488. 

ingots and moulds in steelworks. 1892, i. 442 ; 1898, ii. 480. 

material at the blast-furnace. 1897, ii. 381 ; 1898, i. 432. 

ore. 1897, i. 353 ; 1898, ii. 376 ; 1900, i. 286, ii. 419. 

HANDY, J. O., on aluminium. 1892, ii. 520. 

on determination of carbon. 1895, ii. 589. 

on determination of nickel. 1894, i. 616. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1892, i. 487 ; 1893, i. 405 ; 1894, i. 612. 

on determination of sulphur in coal. 1892, ii. 526. 

on determination of tungsten. 1894, i. 615. 

HANFORD, J., on coal-cutting. 1897, i. 424. 
on coal-cutting machinery. 1897, ii. 355. 



254 GENERAL INDEX. 

Hanqinq of blast-furnace charges. 1892, i. 396 ; 1893, i. 297 ; ii. 432. 
HANaiNGhRocK region. 1890, s. v. 90. 
HANIEL, H., obituary notice of. 1896, i. 286. 
HANISCH, v., on coal in Lower Austria. 1899, ii. 343. 
HANKET, Norman Fredebiok, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 
HANKUS, E., on new gas analysis appanitUH. 1899, i. 469. 

on testing for fire-damp. 1897, ii. 359. 

HANLON, W. B., on coal handling and shipping. 1898, i. 429, ii. 466. 
HANN, E. M., on drainage of flooded mines. 1895, ii. 443. 

on explosives. 1898, i. 411. 

on mine drainage. 1899, ii. 379. 

HANNAH, D., on roofs in Uhondda Valley seams. 1893, i. 261. 
HANNOVER, H. I., book on metallurgy by. 1899, i. 506. 

on cast iron. 1898, i. 511. 

Hanoveb, anthracite deposits of. 1896, i. 336. 

asphalt deposits of. 1896, i. 361. 

bci iron ores of. 1896, i. 302. 

brown -coal deposits in. 1896, i. 336. 

petroleum in the province of. 1891, ii. 194. 

HANSCOM, W. W., on armour-plate making. 1895, ii. 539. 

HANSEN, C. C, on haulage by compressed air locomotives. 1895, i. 353. 

HANSEN, H., on economy in the foundry. 1895, ii. 490. 

HANSEN, J., on charging turnings into cupolas. 1891, i. 372 ; 1892, i. 411. 

HANSON, Wbldon, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

HANSON, William, obituary notice of. 1899, i. 262. 

HARBECK, E., on carbon determination. 1898, i. 533. 

HARBORD, F. W., on action of metalloids on cast iron. 1898, ii. 220. 

on analysis of steeL 1894, i. 323. 

on arsenic in steel. 1895, i. 131. 

on brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing. 1898, ii. 161. 

on carbon and iron. 1897, ii. 136. 

on continuous open-hearth process. 1900, 1. >Sl. 

on danger of using too hard steel rails. 1898, ii. 100. 

r on desulphurisation. 1893, i. 96. 

on diffusion and elements in iron. 1899, i. 111. 

on hardening of steel. 1898, i. 507. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 223. 

on practical microscopic analysis. 1899, ii. 151. 

on practice of Bertrand and Thiel process. 1897, i. 135. 

on Walrand-Legenisel process. 1896, ii. 114. 

votes of thanks by. 1896, i. 15 ; 1897, i. 16. 

and T. TWYNAM— 

Paper on **The presence of fixed nitrojron in steel," 1896, ii. 161 ; early 
researches, 161; combined nitrogen in Bessemer steel, 162; combined 
nitrogen in Siemens steel, 163 ; combined nitrogen in Swedisli Bessemer 
steel, 163; in crucible steel, 163; Prclinger's researches, 164; analyses 
of basic Bessemer steel, 164; analyses of basic open hearth steel. — 
DitcuMion: H. Wedding, 166; J. E. Stead, 166; S. Rideal, 166; F. W. 
Harbord, 166. — Correspondence: E. H. San iter, 167. 

Hard steel rails. 1898, ii. 76. 

UARDENBURG, L. M., on ore concentration at Pewabic works. 1900, i. 287. 



GENERAL INDEX. 255 



Hardened steel, liqaation in. 1896, i. 623. 
Hardening and annealing of steel. 1896, 1. 493. 
and tempering steel. 1890, i. 327. 



— armour-plates. 1892, i. 489. 

— Damascus blade. 1895, i. 452. 

— electric. 1898, i. 355. 

— of iron and steel. 1890, i. 328 ; 1891, i. 418 ; 1898, ii. 41)5 ; 1894, i. 
5C4 ; 1895, i. 460, ii. 258, 551 ; 1896, i. 170 ; 1897, L 525, ii. 456 ; 1898, 
i. 571. 

— of steel, double. 1897, i. 511 ; 1898, i. 494. 

— of steel in ancient times. 1899, i. 421. 

— of steel, microstructure and. 1896, ii. 395. 

— power of low carbon steel. 1898, ii. 530. 

— steel in carbolic acid. 1897, i. 511. 
steel magnets. 1892, ii. 489. 



HARDESTY, W. P., on coal-working. 1898, i. 419. 
HAHDIB, on determination of chromium. 1893, i. 412. 
HAiiDIE, W. D. L., on coal-cutting machinery. 1899, ii. 374. 

on underground haulage. 1900, ii. 468. 

HAKDING, B., on American collieries. 1900, i. 342. 
HARDISTY, JOUN, appointed scrutineer. 1900, i. 1. 

on elimination of sulphur. 1892, i. 120. 

on experiments with basic steel. 1892, i. 70. 

on production of pure iron and steel. 1892, i. 95. 

HARDMAN, J. E., on rock-drills. 1895, i. 296. 
HARDMAN, John, & Co. 1895, a 328. 
Hardness, determination of. 1895, ii. 307. 

measurements of. 1890, ii. 835 ; 1894, i. 577. 

of cast iron. 1898, ii. 530. 

of iron. 1890, i. 356. 

of metals. 1898, ii. 495. 

of steel. 1896, il 403. 

of steel, determination of. 1893, i. 366. 

HARDT, A., on Blossburg coalfield, Pennsylvania. 1899, i. 315 
HARDWICK, F. W., book on mining by. 1900, i. 494. 

on coal washing. 1897, i. 446. 

HARDY, E., on fire-damp. 1894, i. 501 ; 1896, i. 379. 
HARE, C. L., on separation of metals of the iron group. 1896, 1. 539. 
HARGREAYES, a. F., on explosives. 1898, i. 411. 
HARGREAVES, W., on underground haulage. 1898, i. 256. 
HARLAND, R. H., on analysis of coal. 1890, ii. 686. 

on iron ore in Kent. 1899, ii. 308. 

HARLE, U., on extinction of fires in mines. 1900, i. 338. 
HARMER, F. W., on coal in the eastern counties. 1895, ii. 404. 

on hardening steel. 1894, i. 564. 

HARPF, A., on air-gas. 1898, ii. 427. 

on Austrian crucible steelworks. 1899, ii. 432. 

— on crystallised slag. 1895, i. 436. 
HARRINGTON, B. J., on goethite in Nova Scotia. 1891, i. 256. 

on limestones and dolomites. 1896, L 325. 

on mineral resin. 1892, i. 315. 



256 GENERAL INDEX. 

HARRINGTON, T., on tests of nickel steel. 1891, ii. 311. 

HARRIS, Elmo G., on pamping machinery. 1895, ii. 444. 

HARRIS, George E., on methods of working coal. 1900, ii. 476. 

HARRIS, Henby Gbaham, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 

HARRIS, J. F. W., on tests of steel baUs. 1900, i. 416. 

HARRISON, A., on furnace-charging devices. 1890, ii. 7^5. 

HARRISON, A. B., on determination of carbon. 1900, ii. 575. 

on foundry iron. 1897, i 534. 

HARRISON, J., on manufacture of coke in New Zealand. 1893, i 237. 

HARRISON, Joseph H., elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

on hot-blast. 1899, ii. 400. 

on hot-blast stoves. 1899, i. 372. 

and Lawrence F. GJERS— 

Paper on " The equalisation of the varying temperatures of hot-blast,*' 
1900, i. 154 ; interference of steady working of furnace by varying tem- 
peratures of hot-blast, 154; apparatus devised to obviate this, 154; 
section of equaliser at Normanby ironworks, 159; pyrometric records, 
159.— Z>MeM«»u>w ; W. Hawdon, 160; Sir L. Bell, 160; the President, 161. 

HARRISON, W., book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 537. 

HARRISON, W. J., book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 537. 

HARROP, Joseph, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 

HARROW, G., on minerals at Netherseal colliery. 1897, ii. 309. 

HART, C. J., on old ironwork. 1898, i. 349. 

HARTIG, E., on influence of extreme cold on ingot iron. 1892, ii. 487. 

HARTLEIB, O., book on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 632. 

HARTLEY, F. W., on valuation of fuel gas. 1892, i. 310. 

HARTLEY, William Archibald, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 

HARTLEY, W. N., book on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. 599. 

on gallium in Cleveland iron ore. 1897, ii. 268. 

on gallium in steel. 1896, i. 528. 

on recent researches on meteorites. 1898, ii. 366. 

on spectroscopic phenomena of the Bessemer process. 1894, ii. 415. 

Paper on ''The thermo-chemistry of the Bessemer process," 1895, 
ii. 95 ; method of accurately investigating the Bessemer flame, 96 ; 
spectra of the Bessemer flame, 100 ; constitution of the Bessemer flame 
spectra, 102; cause of the non-appearance of lines at commencement 
and termination of blow, 112; temperature of the Bessemer metal 
and of the flame, 115 ; the spectrum an index of temperature, 116; heat 
of combustion of oxidised impurities in pig iron, 119. — JJUcuMion: H. 
Bauerman, 122; J. E. Stead, 122; A. E. Tucker, 122; G. J. Snelus, 123. 
Correspondence: S. Jordan, 126; John Parry, 126; C. H. Ridsdale, 128; 
W. N. Hartley, 134. 

on thermo-chemistry of the Bessemer process. 1898, ii. 510. 

and H. RAMAGE— 

Paper on "A spectrographic analysis of iron ores and associated 
minerals," 1897, ii. 1x2 ; explanation of the symbols, numbers, and abbre- 
viations used in the Tables, ISI; Table I., composition of iron ores, 186 ; 
Table II., brown hiumatites, isS; Tabic III., limonites, 1H8 ; Table IV., 
red haematites, 189; Table V., magnetites, 189; Table VI., sidcrites, 190; 
Table VII.. aluminous minerals, 190; Table VIII., various manganese ores 
and minerals, 191 ; Table IX., pyrites, 101. 

HAUTMAN, J. M., on American blast-furnaces. 1890, ii. 84. 

on American charcoal blast-furnaces. 1892, ii. 430. 

on blast-furnace practice in the United States. 1892, i. 400. 



GENERAL INDEX. 257 

HARTMAN, J. M., on casting pig iron. 1898, ii. 467. 

on cost of making pig iron at Florence, Alabama. 1890, i. 288. 

on grading of pig iron. 1892, ii. 435. 

on modiiication of tSiemens pyrometer. 1892, ii. 349. 

on slips and explosions in the blast- far nace. 1899, ii. 398. 

on tnyeres. 1899, i. 371. 

HAKTMANN, L., on testing metals. 1900, ii. 555. 

HARTMANN, F., books on metallnrgy by. 1892, ii. 554 ; 1900, i. 493. 

HARTMANN, K., book on mining by. 1897, ii 551. 

HARTMANN, L., on deformation of metals under pressure. 1894, i. 579. 

HARTMANN, W., on chilled railway wheels. 1894, i. 565. 

HARTRANFT, S. S., on protection of blast-furnace linings. 1900, ii. 491. 

HARTSHORNE, Joseph, on Bertrand-Thiel open-hearth process. 1896, ii. 
376 ; 1897, ii. 432 ; 1898, ii. 500 ; 1900, i. 382. 

on continuous open-hearth process. 1900, i. 526. 

on Pottstown works. 1898, i. 344. 

Habtz tube- welding machine. 1890, ii. 811. 

Harvey armour-plate. 1891, i. 417. 

cementation process for armour-plate. 1892, i. 45S, ii. 476. 

HARVEY, E. W., on economics in iron manufacture. 1895, i. 413. 

on puddling. 1896, ii. 51. 

HARVEY, H. A., memoir of. 1900, ii. 538. 

on Harvey process. 1893, ii. 483. 

HARVEY, T. W., memoir of. 1900, ii. 631. 

HARWOOD, G., on coal supply. 1900, ii. 5iK). 

Harz, Mathilden works in the. 1898, i. 454. 

mountains, iron ore of. 1896, i. 299 ; 1897, i. 330. 

Harz BUBO iron ore deposits. 1895, i. 277. 

HARZE, B., on coal in Belgium. 1897, i. 591. 

on fire-damp explosions. 1900, i. 334. 

on mineral statistics of Belgium. 1893, ii. 546 ; 1894, ii. 507 ; 1897, 

ii. 521 ; 1898, i 548, ii. 574 ; 1899, ii. 502 ; 1900, ii. 5H5. 
on testing for fire-damp. 1897, ii. 358. 



HASEBE, KOSAMURO, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 
HASELTINE, R. M., on coal-cutting. 1896, i. 375. 

on coalcutting machinery. 1892, i. 360; 1893, i. 266; 1896, ii. 331; 

1897, ii. 355. 
HA8K0VEC, A., on Moravian fireclay. 1899, ii. 337. 
HASLAM, Sib Alfred S., elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 
HASLUCK, P. N., book on metallurgy by. 1892, i. 533. 
HASSAK, M., on hasmatite from Hungary. 1892, ii. 308. 
HASSAM, A., on gob-fires. 1895, i. 374. 
Hassklbacken, banquet at. 1898, ii. 264, 272. 
HASSELBLATT, R., on origin of dolomite. 1897, ii. 300. 
Habselhann impregnation process of mine timber. 1899, i. 299. 
HASSINGEK, W. H., on basic steel in Alabama. 1891, i. 393. 
HASSLACHER, A., book on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 486. 
HASTIE, J., on cleaning coal. 1897, i. 442. 

on shaft sinking. 1897, i. 410. 

HASWELL, G. H., on manufacture of shafts. 1891, i. 407. 
HATCH, F. H., on South African coal. 1896, ii. 409. 

R 



258 GKNRKAL INDEX. 

HATI, W. Km un compression tests of wrought iron. 1888, ii. 533. 

on testing metab. 1900, i. 413. 

on tests of st^el. 1899, ii. 4B9. 

HATTON, Geougk, on tilting open-hearth furnaces. 1899, i. 76. 
HATTON, William Hknry, elected member. 1896, ii. 6. 
HAUCHECORNE, W., on coal in Eaflt Africa. 1897, i. 385. 

on coal in the Eifel. 1893, ii. 346. 

HAUBR, J. VON, on casting arrangement. 1893, ii. 447. 

on Ormerod's safety -catch. 1890, ii. 716. 

on Pelton motors. 1896, ii. 288. 

on prevention of over- winding. 1899, i. 338. 

on shaft fences. 1899, i. 339. 

on ventilating appliances. 1896, ii. 333. 

HAUET, A., book on metallurgy by. 1894, i. 649. 
HAUGUEE, J. W., on blasting cartridges. 1894, ii. 362. 
Haulaob. 1890. i. 257 ; 1893, ii. 391. 

and hoisting plant in the Chapin mine. 1898, ii. 372. 

at East Howie colliery. 1894, i. 486. 

by compressed air locomotives. 1896, i. 351, ii. 434. 

electric. 1891, i. 326; 1892, ii. 396; 1898, i. 257; 1894, i. 486; 1886, 

ii. 434; 1896, ii. 288. 

endless rope. 1892, i. 350 ; 1894, i. 485, ii. 353. 

horse. 1895, ii. 434. 

in iron mines, electric. 1896, 299. 

in iron ore mines. 1900, i 283. 

mine, electric winding plant for. 1891, ii. 214. 

plant, electric. 1891, ii. 209. 

plant, winding and, at the Bascoup colliery. 1892. i. 346. 

Priestman oil-engine for. 1892, 1 50. 

roads, keeping open. 1892, ii. 399. 

rope. 1891, ii. 210. 

tail-rope. 1894, ii. 353. 

underground. 1892. i. 351 ; 1898, i. 255 ; 1896, i. 341) ; 1896, i. 376, ii. 



325; 1897, i. 413; 1898, i. 365. 
HAUPT, L. M., on coal transport. 1896, i. 388. 
HAUSDORFF, G., on coke-oven gases. 1897, i. 393. 
HAUSING, A., on handUng iron ore. 1900, ii. 420. 
HAUSSE, R, on mine ventilation. 1895, i. 362, ii. 444. 
HAVARD-DUCLOS, T., on methods of working coal. 1899, ii. 377. 
HAVENS, F. S., on aluminium determination. 1897, i. 573. 
HAVERMANN, book on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 487. 
HAVEU, E., books on mining by. 1894, ii. 539 ; 1900, i. 494. 
HAVILAND, A., on coal in the Isle of Man. 1892, i. 322. 
Havtik colliery, Belgium. 1892, i. 3«6. 

HAWDON, W., on American and Cleveland blast-furnace practice. 1891, 

i. 355. 

on American blast-furnaces. 1890, ii. S3. 

on blast-furnace gas. 1898, i. 39. 

on blowing-engine worked by blast-furnace gas. 1900, i. 113. 

Paper on *'The capacity and form of blast-furnace," 1894,1. 78; size 

of furnace, 78; the well, 78; melting zone, 79; boshes, 80; considera- 



GENERAL INDEX. 259 

HAWDON, W. {continued)— 

tious intluencing blast-furnace design, 88.— i>uctcMiott ; Sir L. heU, 89 ; 
E. P. Martin, 91 ; C. Wood, 91 ; D. Evans, 94 ; W. Roberts, 95; I. Williams, 
97; E. W. Richards, 97, 100; W. Evans, 98; J. E. Stead, 99; W. Hawdon, 
101. — Con'espondence : L. Richards, 104; W. Hawdon, 105. 

on casting machinery. 1899, ii. 405. 

on Cleveland blast-furnace practice. 1896, i. 398. 

on coke-ovens. 1898, i. 54. 

on desulphurisation. 1898, i. 95. 

on disposal and utilisation of blast-furnace slag. 1892, i. 409. 

on equalisation of varying temperatures of the hot-bla.st, 1900, i. 160. 

on new casting-machine for blast-furnaces. 1899, ii. 59. 

HAWKINS, C. E., on iron ore in the Weald. 1898, i. 334. 

HAWKSLEY, G. W., appointed scrutineer. 1894, ii. 3 ; 1896, i. 1. 

HAWKSLEY, T., obituary notice of. 1898, ii. 290. 

HAWORTH, £., on Kansas coal-measures. 1896, i. 341. 

Hawoutii, R., & Company, Limited. 1899, ii. 2ti3. 

HAY, J. D., on rock-drills. 1897, ii. 289. 

HAY, W., on screening and cleaning coal. 1893, i. 285; 1895, i. 379. 
- — on shaft gates. 1896, i. 3G9. 

HAY, Walter Rohekt, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 

Hayanoe, visit to. 1900, ii. 367. 

HAYES, C. W., on bauxite. 1894, ii. 305. 

on iron ore in Georgia. 1900, i. 276. 

HEAD, A. P., appointed scrutineer. 1896, ii. 3 ; 1897, ii. G. 

on American blast-furnace practice. 1898, ii. 467. 

on Bessemer steel manufacture in the United States. 1898, ii. 514. 

on charging open-hearth furnaces by machinery. 1897, L 102. 

on Lake Superior iron ore. 1898, ii. 360. 

on Lake Superior iron ore mines. 1899, i. 296. 

on mill machinery in the United Slates. 1898, ii. 491. 

on open-hearth sLeel-manufacture in America. 1898, ii. 506. 

Paper on " Tilting open-hearth furnaces," 1899, i. 69 ; use of the tilting 
open-hearth furnace in America, 69; Campbell revolving furnace, 69; 
Wellman tilting furnace, 70; ports, 71 ; ladle, 72; regenerative chambers, 
72 ; body of furnace, 72 ; lining, 73 ; valves, 73 ; furnace doors, 73 ; angle 
of tilt, 73 ; advantages of the tilting furnace, 73 ; objections of the tilting 
furnace, 75; cooclusion, 75. — Dinctusion: E. P. Martin, 76; S. T. Well- 
man, 76; G. Hatton. 76; R. M. Daelen, 77; D. Colville, 78. 

HEAD, Benjamin Wbightson, elected member. 1900, ii. 4. 

HEAD, H. E., on ingots for^un-tubes and propeller shafts. 1900, i. 174. 

HEAD, Jeremiau, book on metallurgy by. 1891, i. 483. 

obituary notice of. 1899, i. 263. 

on application of belts to the shipment of coal. 1897, ii. 15, 17. 

on basic steel at Witkowitz. 1893, ii. 15. 

on carbon and iron. 1897, ii. 136. 

on charging open-hearth furnaces. 1897, ii. 433. 

Paper on " Charging open-hearth furnaces by machinery," 1897, i. 89 ; 
materials charged, 89 ; acid and basic, 89 ; capacity of furnaces, 90 ; 
picked men required, 91 ; cost for labour, 91 ; saving of time and labour, 
91 ; original charging machine, 92; defects of original machine, 93; the 
Thurlow machine, 93 ; defects of the Thnrlow machine, 94 ; newest type 
of electric machine, 94 ; locking gear, 95 ; electric arrangements, 9i6 ; 



260 GEXEKAL I>T'nL 

HEAJ>. J. ifrnti^^^-s — 

:.n;.-ri^:.i vjas cLirj'ri ir kn iy:-::r. i**. :-ti-: irireai^i 1! j*r cent.. 
>7. ^...z.j-^-^': tf^.:*ii :^ Act.-":*- .-'7: lAr».*-r sA^iix. --7: «Ri=:at« of 
i^'T.z.z ■'.' 1a ■-•--r 7 lit -4* :: iLA.:iir* .lArjitr. >•: :»:■ sichine* 
v.- Ki f-r-_i'.*:. A*; --::lj :f =-i:*r.Ali. //. i-i.Tiw-ri::^ lorie Udc, 
: >. : d'xr- .f^Eri zy j.: w^r. I • : i-^jT-i^" c^t:- »:? j^ : oC'bbles. l<*i*; 
4-. _-ip:r;--s w^rc -iLe ij •ziLii-e. 1.1 : '^rLrrr :r.i.:r.:r.e <:z^rziJLz i« m 
.;*.-*: :-:l. i-.l. c.-lc. -«:::.. IM — /»j.r-.».: ^ .\. ?. Head. I'-C: Jarce§ 
hi.-:T. I ;:-, : O. Lk-ter. : o: W. P^ -::rlii:j. 1 o : E. Wini*or RirhiLrds, 
1 • / : G*-..v* .i:i-«:rti. 1 .-i : r. W. Pall. I -.7: E:::ch Jkz::««. K«* : 
J. W. .S;.r:.-.*r. 1 '.*: 5:r E. H. ( xr'zfzxi, 1 v : r»ar:i Erir.?. ll«>: K. 
Tr.- i.ViW. li: : J. MAT:>fcr-. Ill : il. K&i^en^nAw. HI: J. Heai'i, 111. 

'.:: o-^l ir. Si-:: -Ea5:*n: ^late? .f X :-nh AzL-rrlc*. 1897. ii. 33\ 

OL fail-r*:* :c :Le z:eck« cf chillei :r:i: roll*. 1892. ;i- l»i 

'.L iroE. :i.'i;aTrr cf Cevelai-i. 1898. ii. 42'». 

OL iroz. =:*'£: Li' :l IsIul 1897. L 474. 

«:-r. Lare .S-:*rl:r :r-.L ore ::LiLe-''. 1S&?. ;. 2i»'. 

fif-fr en "Tl* nukngacese ir-r dep"--*!!* of nv-rrhrrzi Spain, wiih notes 



OL h.n,-: o:L*:r 6- -rces -.f &zii:lr.' 16&6. ii. 15.* : dej- ■s:;^ tear Coradocps 
Ii.*: gt-'^loffical iimrz-zTi o: tie iep;*:i, 14-. : ::.e M^^eLU conce«sioii. 
141 : tL*r Asi^riALo. 141 : ?o«: :f woriin^, 1 4.: acalrses of :be ore, MS: 
ilerc^o j:ro:*r*.j, 144; Mciude pr.i^rij. ii*': Ei:el«i?r prot*rty. 14€: 
<y>»t of woriciLs. 147: :h:.ki:e*j> of -traia las^ei ihrc-cfc ai'A^Tnriana 
rLiL*:, 14J: ar-iij^e* of A>:jriazi^ -.resv. li'.«: >.-ur:e* of ynpplj" of man* 
ratT-* ro iL* Br;:i«:. iLarket. 151: the C-bar. ceiosi:, 151: Canadian 
d^l^jiii -. 1 52. — ^1 *rTi i4u>u : H. Bacoraan. 1 55. — Co '-*jro»'/f scf : H . G. 
T-rter^ lo.'i. 

-^c man u fact:: re of iron in the rniiei states. 1895, i. 4'>.'. 



on man-jfactare f steel plat^.s. 1893. ii. 1-1. 

OL new roU:nz-ELill. 1893, i. :.,l^*. 

on nickel •■teei. 1895. iL 177. 

on p^.Tnanent wav. 1896. L 11»J. 

->n y^'i'iV.zz. 1893. i. l;.7 : 1695, ii. .>'•. 

jr. rol-;Lg-::.ili?. 1896. L 4-. 4. 

J^fiprr OL ■'."v.-i:. i-.T.A\i\ a- a - urce • : i: • -rv r-: : iv. " 18i»4, i. 47 . tne 
r>el]iTkra iL:Le.<-. I' : tie Ki:r-^:..iva.-.:a. L . 7>.tV2Uir:i. an^i Svapi>avaarm 
dep'.-'si'-s. 57 ; F-zle-tran ; ani oihrz N ■rw.i-.riai. ■Iri ■:■*::>. »>'. -/»j*cu.>*iom .• 
Sir L- Bell, •>: E. Kiley. 7": J. E. Suaii. 71: W. Wbiiwell. 72; 
E, W. Kicliard?. 71: >:t U. .•jamut-lsm. 74 : J. Hea<l. 75. 

on FfoLtaLfc'..5> cracks. 1891. :. "^l. 

on liivtl rail?. 1895. i. 47I<. 

vote, of thar.k> b. . 1890. i. 11: 1893. i. !•.'. ii. 140; 1894, i. 11 ; 1896. 

i. ;;: 1897. 1. 14. ;:c 

HEAD. J<iH.v. '.b:t::arr n otke >,{. 1893. i. 174. 

Paf,*r fji. "P'jd'ilice iron. 1893. i. 125.--/*i^ri^<!.>.i G. J. Snelns. 134 : 
H. !>■::-. 1H5: Je.-em':a:. Hea-J. 1:;7 : H. A. Werb, i;:i«: t;. Allan, 14<i; 
JoLl Head. \\'l. — 0.'rr'ti''.-*iftfur': \{. Cr. firaves. 11.". 

:;r.': P. POrPF 

.i'/^'r-v* <".' ■/ <iy.'r •,:. •' \ r.».w :' -riii of S:cri;e:.> i:irL.-\cr arraneed 
•■. recov.-r wa^f? i::i-*--* ::- •■v^ril si> wa.-*e Lear." 1890. i. 1**.— />iVmj«*iom ; 
H. Ak*:rrjiar.. iS : .^ir L. l>:i:. J'.'i: E. .V. ( .wpor. :vi : Sir Jame? Kitson. 
.ji; ; ?:. f .Mar::.. AA ; John Head. ;;i. 

HEADIjEN. W. p., OL all..T. of iron and iIl. 1893. i. :.'.":. 
HLALiJi oor.ditioLb of coal mining. 1896. ii. Set'.*. 
«jZpii.is;onF ir. r 'elation to. 1891, ii. 2t»5. 



GENERAL INDEX. 261 

Hearthb of blast-farnaces. 1890, s. v. 25G ; 1892, ii. 423. 

of blast fnmaces, metal jacketing for. 1892, i. 398. 

Heat absorbed in distilling coal. 1892, ii. 247. 

dilatation of iron from low temperatures. 1890, i. 350. 

in regenerative f arnaces, utilisation of. 1898, i. 320. 

loss of, in blast-furnaces. 1893, i. 292. 

of formation of blast-furnace slags. 1890, ii. 760. 

of formation of some iron compounds. 1895, ii. 400. 

protection of puddlers from furnace. 1890, ii. 765. 

reactions in the producer. 1892, ii. 386. 

specific, of carbon. 1896, i. 326. 

transmission through cast-iron plates. 1890, ii 847 ; 1891, i. 4*20, 

ii. 299. 

transmission through steel plates. 1898, ii. 491. 

treatment of steel. 1895, i. 452. 

utilising the waste, from coke-ovens. 1891, i. 305. 

waste, utilising of. 1893, ii. 448. 



HEATH, G. L., on determination of sulphur in coal. 1898, ii. 564. 

HEATH, J., on explosives and blasting. 1898, ii. 437. 

on long-wall working in thin seams. 1895, ii. 441. 

HEATH, R., obituary notice of. 1893, ii. 290. 

Heating furnaces. 1890, ii. 783; 1891, ii. 284; 1892, ii. 456; 1893, i. 352 
1896, ii. 386. 

power of coal. 1893, ii. 337. 

power of smoke. 1894, ii. 311. 

l)Ower of wood. 1897, i. 321. 

value of coal. 1897, ii. 867. 

HEATON, Charles, elected member. 1896, ii. 6. 

Heavy cutting shears. 1891, ii. 261. 

ordnance in United States. 1893, ii. 517. 

steel casting for marine work. 1894, i. 561. 

steel forgings. 1894, i. 562. 

HEBENSTREIT, J. P., on gob fires in mines. 1894, ii. 371. 

HECHT, II., on firebricks. 1900, ii. 425. 

on Soger scale. 1896, ii. 292. 

HEDBERG, N., on rock-drills. 1897, ii. 289. 

HEDIN, S., on iron-smelting in the Pamirs. 1898, ii. 485. 

HEDLEY, George, elected member. 1900, ii 4. 

HEDLEY, J. L., on fire-damp in iron ore mines. 1899, ii. .331. 

on timbering in iron ore mines. 1899, i. 299. 

HEENAN, H., on ventilating. 1896, i. 378. 

HEGENER, A., on Westphalian coaL 1895, ii. 407. 

HEGENER, E., on coal in Servia. 1899, ii. 344 ; 1900, i. 342. 

HEHNE, W., book on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 890. 

HEIBLING, on electric furnaces. 1897, ii. 445. 

HEID, J. G., on carbon determination. 1897, i. 567. 

HEIDEGGER, on iron industry of Lorraine. 1900, ii. 608. 

HEIMANN, F., on brown coal industry of Rhine District. 1900, i. 404. 

on underground haulage. 1900, ii. 468. 

HEINECKE, M., on fireclay from Bohemia. 1891, i. 275. 

HEINKE, C, on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1897, iL 454. 



262 GENERAL INDEX. 

HEINTZ, Am on furebricks. 1896, i. 323 ; 1897, i. 359. 

on fireclays. 1895, L 303. 

HEINZERLINg', C, book on mining by. 1891, ii. 3(58. 

on recovery of by-products. 1897, ii. 32ri. 

HEINZEHLING, F., book on metallurey by. 1897, ii. 550. 
HEISE, A., on electricity in mines. 1899, ii. 'M'X 

on explosives and blasting. 1898, ii. 437 ; 1899, ii. 377. 

HELBIG, Demetrk), on electric furnaces. 1897, ii. 44(1 
HELE-SHAW, H. S.. on testin? smaU chains. 1892, ii. 502. 

Paper on "The University College Engineering Laboratories and the 

scheme of Engineering Instraction," 1892. ii. 11)4: object of paper, 194; 

the Walker engineering laboratories, 194 : the scheme of engineering 

instruction, 19K; course of instruction, 199: university deg^rees, 204; 

syllabus of lectures in engineering, 2(^5. 

HELLER, E., on alloys of iron and nickel. 1899, ii. 4(j5. 

HELMHACKER, R., on Canadian statistics. 1897. i. 592. 

on chrome iron ore. 1896, ii. 282. 

on coal. 1897, i. 378. 

on coal in Caucasus. 1893, i. 224. 

on coal in Croatia. 1892, ii 353. 

on coal in Persia. 1898, ii. 405. 

on coal in the Ural. 1893, ii. 348. 



— on coke in Austria. 1897, i. 589. 

on determination of ash. 1896, ii. 45(i. 

on graphite crucibles. 1896, ii. 2J)3. 

on iron industry of Russia. 1894, ii. 520. 

on iron ore deposits of Banat. 1895, ii. 3(i4. 

on iron ore deposits of Russia. 1895, i. 279. 

on iron ore in Persia. 1898, ii. 361. 

on iron ore in Servia. 1897, i. 337. 

on iron trade of Russia. 1894, i. 639. 

on mining industry of Russia. 1894, i. 640. 

nn petroleum in Hungary. 1895, ii. 424. 



_ - — f,n petroleum in Persia. 1898, ii. 422. 

on slag bricks. 1898, ii. 476. 

on Styrian ore mountain. 1898, ii. 343. 

on tungsten and molybdenum steel. 1898, ii. 547. 

on working coal in Rosic-Oslavan coalfield. 1894, i. 492. 

HKLOUIS, K., on tests of vanadium alloys. 1896, ii. 418. 

HELSON, C, books on metallurgv bv. 1890, ii. 890: 1892, i. 533; 1893. 
i. 410: 1894, i. 649. 

HEMMING. John, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

IIEMPEL, W., book on metallurgy by. 1892, i. 5:^4. 

on combustion of coal. 1896, i. ;<2i>. 

on determination of carbon. 1894, i. (iOii ; 1895, i. 5(»3. 

on determination of sulf»hur in coal. 1892, ii. 525. 

HENDEKSON, Cir.MtLKS W. C, elected member. 1895, ii. 6. 

HENDERSON, G. R., on ca-^t iron for cylinders. 1898. i. 470. 

on wheels. 1899, ii. ITo : 1900. ii. 561. 

HENPKRSON. W. ( ., on <astiiij:.>. 1898, i. I'.M. 

Henderson steel process. 1890, s. v. o33. 



GENKKAL INDEX. 263 

HENDY, J. 0. B., on coal cleaning. 1892, i. 38!). 

on electric andergronnd haulage. 1892, i. 351. 

on Stanton Iron Company's collieries. 1892, i. 386. 

on ventilating appliances. 1893, ii. 407. 

on ventilating fans. 1892, i. 373. 

HENNIN, A., on manufacture of gas. 1893, i. 250. 

on mixed producer-gas. 1892, i. 343. 

HENNING, Captain, on armour. 1898, it 543. 

HENNING, G. C— 

Paper on **A portable recorder for tests of metals," 1897, ii. 156; 
author's conception of a practical recorder, 155; figures showing designs, 
157; application of instrument, l&9. — Di)fcmston : J. A. F. Aspinall, 163 ; 
A. C. Elliott, 164; R. A. Hadfield, 166; J. H. Wicksteed, 167, 173; R. 
Price- Williams, 169 ; T. Wrightson, 169 ; H. C. King, 171 ; R. H. Smith, 
172; G. C. Henning, 175. 

on cooling curves. 1895, ii. 242. 

on strength of mixtures of cast iron. 1895, i. 408. 

on structural steel. 1892, ii. 503. 

on temperature curves. 1897, i. 530. 

on testing-machines, 1895, i. 469 ; 1897, i. 521. 

on tests of cast iron. 1899, i. 436. 

HENRARD, G., on magnetic permeability of soft steels. 1890, i. 353. 

HENRY, D., on ozokerite in Galicia. 1900, i. 317. 

HENRY, L., book on metallurgy by. 1897, i. 628. 

HENRY, W., on coal in Canada. 1896, ii. 301. 

HENWOOD, E. N., on future use of liquid fuel. 1894, ii. 341. 

HEPPELL, W. J., on underground haulage. 1897, ii. 346. 

HEPPLEWHITE, W. H., on timbering in mines. 1900, i. 328. 

H^ragl^:e coalfield in Asiatic Turkey. 1893, i. 232. 

HERBERT, Charles, elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 

obituary notice of. 1898, i. 316. 

Herbertz cupola. 1900, ii. 762. 

HERBST, G., on ventilation. 1897, i. 428. 

Hbrculite. 1892, ii. 402. 

HEREDIA. R. DE, on coke. 1897, i. 392. 

HERING, C. A., on electro-conductivity of iron and steel. 1895, i. ^57. 

HERLENIUS, AUGUST, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 

HERMANN, E. A., book on mining by. 1895, ii. 633. 

on steam shovels for iron ore mining. 1895, ii. 385. 

HERMELIN, Baron Carl Yngve, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

HEROLD, M., on shaft-sinking. 1892, ii. 392. 

HERON, F., on handling ingots and moulds in stcelwork!«. 1892, i. 442. 

HioROULT, bauxite from. 1891, ii 164. 

HEROULT, on ferro-chrome. 1900, i. 429. 

HERRICK, C. L., on coal in New Mexico. 1890, ii. 440. 

HERRICK, J. A., on open-hearth steel castings. 1892, i. 429. 

HERRMANN, N., on coal washing. 1897, i. 446. 

Herstal national arms factory. 1894, ii. 261. 

HERSTEN, J., on underground haulage. 1899, ii. 372. 

HERTING, 0., on an old mine rail. 1896, i. 420. 

on determination of carbon. 1900, i. 433. 



264 GENERAL INDEX. 

HERTINO, O., on determiDation of phosphorus. 1897, L 568 ; 1896, i. 534. 

on determination of snlphar. 18SNB, i. 537 ; 1899, ii. 484. 

on determination of sulphur in blast-farnace slag. 1898, ii. 562. 

HERTLE. L., on Bavarian coal. 1898. ii. 442. 

HERZ, E., on modem foundry practice. 1899, ii. 414. 

Herzegovina, coal in. 1895, i 315. 

mining in. 1893, i. 425. 

statistics. 1893, ii. 545 ; 1896, ii. 608 ; 1897. ii. 520 ; 1898, ii 573. 

HERZFELDER. Abmand Dezs<), on slag analysis. 1900, i. 439. 

HESLOP, W. T., on coal in Natal. 1900, ii. 435, 438, 439. 

HESS, P., on explosives and blasting. 1898. ii. 439. 

Hettenleidelheim fire-clay. 1890, ii. 736. 

HEUESLER, F., on volatility of manganese. 189i, i. 598. 

HEUSLER, C, book on mining by. 1897, ii. 551. 

HEUSSCHEN, E., on wire ropeways. 1896, L 300. 

HEWITT, Hon. Abram S., presentation of Bessemer medal to. 1890, ii. 86. 

Presidental address to the American Institute of Mining Engineers, 

1890, ii. 344 ; welcome to the Iron and Steel Institute on the ocoasion 
of the American Meeting. 344 ; influence of international ezhibidons, 345 ; 
origin of Iron and Steel Institute, 345; its influence, 346; distribntioii 
of mineral fuel, 347 ; growth of the United States, 348 ; increase of pig 
iron output compared with population. 349 ; pig iron production of Great 
Britain, 350 ; growth of consumption of iron, 351 ; growth of American 
coal output. 352 ; American iron ores, 352 ; American wealth and income, 
353 ; the labour question, 353 ; jtechnical skill, 354 : railway transport 
and traflic, 355 ; readjustment of labour relations, and principles govern- 
ing the process, 356 ; wages. 358 ; methods of settling wages, 359 ; 
publicity, inspection and discussion, 360 ; course of procedure, 361 ; 
profit-sharing, 362 ; trade unions, 363 ; ^Imerican contract labour law, 
365 ; interference of Government, 367 ; conclusion, 368. 

reply on receiving Bessemer gold medal. 1890, ii. 88. 

speech at dinner. 1890, s. v. 479. 



HEWITT, C, on use of electricity in mining. 1890, i. 256. 

HEWITT, H. R., on coal dust. 1893, ii. 416. 

on wire rope haulage. 1895, i. 350. 

HEWITT, J. T., on natural gas in East Sussex. 1898. ii. 426. 

HEWITT, T. P., on electric pumping plants. 1893. i. 275. 

HEWITT, W., on handling iron ore. 1900, i 286. 

on iron ropes. 1897, i. 412. 

HEWLETT, W. H., on blast-furnace and coke-oven gases. 1899, i. 147. 

HEYCOCK, C. T., on the pyrometer. 1895, i. 310. 

HE YD A, S., on explosives and blasting. 1900, ii. 473. 

HEYN, E., on influence of hydrogen on iron. 1900, ii. 566. 

on microstructure of iron. 1899, i. 421 ; 1900, i. 397, ii. 541. 

on texture of iron. 1899, ii. 461 : 1900, i. 401. 

HEYVVOOD, H., vote of thanks by. 1897. ii. 180. 

HIBBARD, H. D., on chemical and physical relations of steel. 1893, ii. 490. 

on defects in open -hearth furnaces. 1891, i. 39(>. 

on hardening of steel. 1896, i. 218. 

on open -hearth steel process. 1891, ii. 208. 

Paper on *'Sand on pig iron and its avoidance," 1896, ii. 168; beha- 
viour and treatmmt of sand in the ba'^ic open-hearth process, 168 ; in 
the Bessemer process, 170; in the puddlinp process. 170; in foundry. 



GENERAL INDEX. 266 

HIBBARD, H. D. {eonHnued)^ 

170; in general, 170; apparatos for castinc: pig iron^ 171 ; cost of its 
use, 175.— />M(n4MiVm; H. Bauerman, 176 ; K P. Martin, 176 ; E. Windsor 
Richards, 176; J. 8. Jeans. 176; W. H. Bleckly, 177; E. Windsor 
Richards, Ml. ^Correspondence : R A. Hadfield, 177 ; H. D. Hibbard, 177. 

HIBBARD, John, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

HICK, J., obitaary notice of. 1894, 1. 391. 

HICKMAN, Sib Alfrbd, elected Member of Council. 1896, i. 11. 

on experiments with basic steel. 1892, i. 80. 

speech by. 1896, i. 268. 

toast by. 1899, i. 247. 

HICKS, W. M., on preparation of pure iron. 1897, ii. 407. 

HIDDEN, W, E., on fayalite from Cheyenne Mountain, Colorado. 1891, 
ii. 144. 

on meteorites. 1900, ii. 414. 

HIGGS, J. W., on valve for gas-prod acers. 1891, ii. 199. 
High carbon steel rails for tramways. 1896, ii. 391. 

silicon iron, manufacture of. 1896, i. 400, 

HIGHTON, Robert Ebnest, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 
HIGSON, C. H., on ventilating appliances. 1894, i. 499, ii. 366. 
HILBER, v., on age of Styrian coal seams. 1894, ii. 315. 
HILDBURGH, W. L., on mining in the Lake Superior district. 1899, ii. 327. 
HILGENSTOCK, G., on desulphurisation of iron. 1898, i. 299. 

on elimination of sulphur from iron. 1893, ii. 435. 

on rise of basic process. 1898, ii. 473. 

on saving of by-products. 1896, ii. 314. 

on shaft-sinking. 1894, i. 479. 

on sulphur in coke. 1891, ii. 187. 

HILGENSTOCK, K., on by-products of coke-ovens. 1900, i. .306. 

on sulphur in iron. 1894, i. 694. 

HILL, A., on pyrometry. 1900, i. 293. 

HILL, Alfbbd, obituary notice of. 1900, i. 263. 

HILL, Alfred C, obituary notice of. 1890, i. 177. 

HILL, F., obituary notice of. 1894, i. 391. 

HILL, F. A., on Hill Farm Farrish mine fire. 1898, i. 284. 

HILL, J. T., on Thomas coke-oven. 1898, i. 2.38. 

HILL, J. W.. on tests of coal. 1899, ii. 339. 

HILL, R. T., on iron ore deposits of Mexico. 1893, ii. 317. 

on iron ore in Mexico. 1898, i. 192. 

HILL, Walter S., elected member. 1895, ii. G. 
HILL, William, elected m6mber. 1900, i. 2. 
HILL, W. E., on welded joints. 1893, ii. 477. 
Hill Farm Parrish mine fire. 1898, i. 284. 
HILLAIRET, A., on cementaUon. 1893, ii. 457. 
HILLE, F., on electric rock-drills. 1899, ii. 330. 
HILLEBRAND, W. F., on analysis of coal. 1898, ii. 663. 

on meteorites. 1894, ii. 294. 

HILLMANN, J., on sulphate of ammonia from blast-furnaces. 1897, i. 295. 
HILLS, R C, on coal in Colorado. 1899, ii. 348. 

on meteoric iron. 1896, ii. 280. 

on meteorites. 1897, iL 280. 



266 GENERAL INDEX. 

HILTON, F., on blast-famaces. 1897, i 454. 

on Bteelworkfi. 1897, i. 507, ii. 434 ; 1898, L 498. 

HIND, Wheelton, on British and Continental coalfields. 1900, L 295. 
HIND, W., on correlation of British and European coal-measures. 1899, L 309. 
HINGLEY, Sir Benjamin, acknowledgn:Dent of thanks. 1895, ii. 224. 

address of welcome by. 1895, ii. 1. 

elected Member of Council. 1892, i. 4. 

on puddling. 1896, ii. 49. 

speech by. 1895, i. *J55. 

HINKENS. H. F., on methods of case-hardening. 1900, i. 391. 

HINKICHS, G., on meteorites. 1894, ii. 2!)4. 

HINSDALE, W. R, on casting solid ingots. 1891. i. 407, ii. 28C. 

on causes of rail breakages. 1892, ii. 497. 

HINTZ, E., on analysis of chrome iron. 1890, i. 372. 

HIORNS, A. H., books on metallurgy by. 1892, ii. 554 ; 1896, i. 573. 

on determination of mmnganese. 1900, ii. 683. 

HIFKINS, William Edward, book on mining by. 1897, i. 629. 

elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

HIRAOEA, HiROBHl, elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 
HIRSCH, R, on underground haulage. 1897, ii. 347. 
HIRST, T. B., elected member. 1896, L 2. 
HIRST, W., on design of roughing rolls. 1899, i. 400. 

on determining dimensions of oval passes. 1895, ii. 494. 

on difficulties in rolling. 1898, ii. 489. 

on form of rolls. 1895, ii. 493. 

on wire rod mills. 1900, ii. 619. 

HISE, C. R VAN, on Crystal Falls iron-bearing district. 1900, if. 412. 

on genesis of ore deposits. 1900, i. 266. 

on magnetic schists. 1894, i. 416. 

History of Bessemer process. 1896, ii. 383. 

of blast-furnace. 1891, i. 360 ; 1894, ii. 385. 

of coal. 1895, ii. 417. 

of coal-mining. 1891, ii. 229 ; 1894, i. 607 ; 1896, i. 383, ii. 341 ; 1896, 

i. 428 ; 1899, i. 360 ; 1900, i. 830, ii. 481. 

of the hot-blast. 1895, ii. 476. 

of iron. 1892, i. 393 ; 1893, ii. 476 ; 1895. ii. 473 ; 1896, i. 418, ii. 367 ; 



1897, ii. 415 ; 1898, i. 478 ; 1899, ii. 417 ; 1900, i. 369, ii. 514. 

— of iron- founding. 1895, i. 410. 

— of the Rancid mine. 1896, i. 316. 



HOBART, H. M., on electric generators. 1898, i. 507. 
HOBBS, F. E., on initial strains. 1896, ii. 407. 
Hodbarrow mines. 1898, ii. 342 ; 1899, ii. 326. 
HODGART, John, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 
HODGE, J. M., on West Virginia coalfields. 1893, ii. 356. 
HODGETTS. E. A. B., book on metallurjry by. 1890, ii. 890. 
HODGSON, Henry, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 
HODGSON, James, elected member. 1893, i. 2. 

on a peculiar balk in the Busty seam. 1895, ii. 406. 

on winding engines. 1893, i. 253. 

HODGSON, John, obituary notice of. 1895, i. 26.3. 
HODGSON, John Lek, obituary notice of. 1900, ii. 389. 



GENERAL INDEX. 267 

HdDLMOSER, Cabl, on meteorites. 1900, i. 280. 

HOERNES, R., on Styrian coal deposits. 1898, ii. 342. 

HOKER, H., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 551. 

on age of iron ore veins. • 1899, ii. 306. 

on analyses of natural gas. 1891, i. 312. 

on formation of petroleum. 1891, i. 306. 

on geology of petroleum. 1900, ii. 453. 

on mineral deposits. 1897, i. 343. 

on use of superheated steam in ironworks. 1899, i. 419. 

on Wiesbaden and Diez mining districts. 1894, ii. 317. 

HOFFMAN, F. L., on coal resources of United Statea 1900, i. 484. 

on mining statistics. 1900, ii. 626. 

HOFFMAN, R., on coking brown coal in Hungary. 1898,- i. 389. 

Hoffman's kiln adapted for annealing wire. 1890, ii. 804. 

HOFFMANN, A., on coal-measures of Tiechlowitz. 1895. i. 314. 

HOFFMANN, G. C, on a peculiar form of native iron. 1892, i. 288. 

on coal in Canada. 1894, i. 447 ; 1897, u. 317 ; 1899, i. 312. 

on hygroscopicity of Canadian fuels. 1890, ii. 683. 

on iron ore in Canada. 1894, i. 413 ; 1896, ii. 270. 

on native iron in Ontario. 1892, ii, 812. 

on native iron of terrestrial origin of Lake Huron. 1891, ii. 148. 

HOFFMANN, H. O., on by-product coke-ovens. 1898, ii. 417. 

on fireclays. 1895, i. 303. 

on fusibility of clays. 1894, i. 431. 

on mining schools of the United States. 1895, ii. 626. 

on testing fireclays. 1898, ii. 382, 383. 

HOFFMANN, L., on iron ore in Luxemburg and Lorraine. 1897, i. 330; 
1899, ii. 310. 

on magnetite in minette ore. 1896, i. 299. 

HOFFMANN, W. H., on magnetic concentration of iron ore. 1891, ii. 168 ; 
1892, i. 384. 

on pulverising magnetic iron ores at the Croton mines. 1892, i. 300. 

on pyrites in the Croton magnetic iron ore mines. 1892, ii. 317. 

HOFFMEISTER, W., on analysis of basic slag. 1896, i. 542. 

HOFORS works. 1898, ii. 297. 

HOFTICH, K., on shaft-sinking. 1900, ii. 464. 

H0GB6M, a. G, on formation of dolomite. 1895, ii. 397. 

HOGG, J., on coal-screening. 1894, i. 511. 

HOGG, Thomas W., elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

on ali^minium and ferro-carbon alloys. 1894, ii. 117. 

on cases of abnormal condition in pig iron. 1895, i. 489. 

on cyano-nitride of titanium. 1893, ii. 524. 

on determination of chromium. 1892, ii. 516. 

on determination of silicon. 1893, ii. 531. 

on diffusion of elements in iron. 1899, i. 125. 

Paper on "Influence of aluminium upon carbon in ferro-carbon 
alloys," 1894, ii. 104 ; change of carbon to the graphitic state, 104 ; 
preparation of alloys containing aluminium, 106 ; effect upon fractures, 
109; effect of re-melting ferro-aluminium, 111; conclusion, 113. — 
Discussion : G. J. Snelus, 114 ; P. F. Nursey, 115 ; H. M. Howe, 116 ; T. 
Turner (Stafford), 116 ; T. W. Hogg, 117.— Corretpandence: R. A. Hadfield, 
118; J. Parry, 120. 



268 GENERAL INDEX. 

HOGG, Thomas W., on iron alnminitim alloys. 1898, 1. 397. 

Paper on "The missinfj^ carbon," 1896, ii. 179; explanation of term 
used bj H. M. Howe, 179 ; treatment of iron with nitric acid, 179 ; 
nitro-carbon compounds obtained, 180 ; carbon determination in ▼arious 
steels, 183. — Discussion: Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 185. Correspondence: 
J. S. de Benneville, 180; R A. Hadfield, 187; F. Osmond, 187; E. H. 
Saniter, 188 ; A. Sauvenr. 191 ; J. E. Stead, 199 ; T. W. Hogg, 200. 

on segregation in steel. 1893, i. 388. 

on triple alloys of iron, mang^ese, and chromium. 1892, ii. 508. 

HOGLUND, O. M., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

HOHO, P., on electric hardening. 1893, i. 355. 

on electric welding. 1896, i. 473. 

Hoisting, pneumatic. 1890, ii. 712. 

water from mines. 1892, i. 363. 

Hoists at blast-furnaces. 1890, s. ▼. 256. 

HOK, W., on transportation of oil in bulk. 1895, i. 338. 

HOLAN, L., on explosives and blasting. 1898, ii. 438. 

HOLBORN, L., on hardening steel magnets. 1892. ii. 489. 

on measuring high temperatures. 1892, iL 348. 

on pyrometry. 1896, i. 331 ; 1897, i. 365 ; 1900, ii. 429. 

on thermal conductivity of iron. 1896, i. 493. 

HOLDE, D., on action of oils on cast iron. 1896, i. 529. 

HOLDEN, Captain H. C. L.— 

Paper " On the measurement of the velocity of projectiles," 1891, ii. 
12 ; former test of gunpowder, 12 ; classification of instruments used for 
determining velocity of projectiles, 12 ; chronographic instruments, 13 ; 
electro-magnets and Bashforth's chronograph, 14 ; Schultz revolving 
drum, 15 ; Le Bouleng^ instrument, 15 ; Breg^r instrument, 17 ; accn- 
racy of measurement required, 17 ; description of plates, 18 ; diagrams, 
18, 19,— Discussion: Sir F. A. Abel, 21. 

HOLGATE, B., on behaviour of coal during combustion. 1892, i 300. 

on Yorkshire coalfield. 1890, ii. 681. 

HOLGATE, T. E., on elimination of sulphur. . 1892, i. 112. 

on manganese and sulphur in pig iron. 1892, i. 404. 

HOLIDAY, R, on electrical transmission of power. 1897, ii. 348. 

on electricity in mines. 1897, i. 416. 

HOLL, M. B. , on electricity at the Aspen mines. 1892, i. 347. 
HOLLAND, S. H., on history of iron. 1896, ii. 368. 
HOLLAND, T. H., book on mining by. 1893, i. 451. 

on Bengal coal. 1896, i. 340. 

on fuel supply of the Salem district, India. 1892, ii. 370, 

on magnetite from Madras. 1894, i. 423. 

on steel making in the Salem district, India. 1892, ii. 351. 

Holland, coal in. 1900, i. 296. 

coal raining in. 1894, ii. 372 ; 1900, i. 466. 

HOLLEY, Alexander L., memorial address on. 1890, ii. 369. 
HOLLIDAY, J., on calorimetry. 1891, i. 27«. 

HOLLINGSWORTH, G. H., on ventilation. 1895, ii. 445 ; 1897, i. 428. 
HOLLINGSWORTH. J., obituary notice of. 1895, ii. 351. 
HOLLIS, CiiABLES Henry, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 
HOLLIS, H. L., on Walrand-Legeniscl process. 1896, i. 451. 
HOLLIS, II. W., on manufacture of steel plates. 1893, ii. 123. 



GENERAL INDEX. 269 

HOLLIS, H. W. {eorUtnued)-' 

Paper on ** The Tudboe Works of the Weardale IroD and Coal Com- 
pany, Limited/' 1898, ii. 142 ; early history, 142 ; Tow Law furnaces, 143 ; 
early Bessemer plant, 143 ; steel- meltin^i: shop and gas producers, 144 ; 
cogging-mill and hydraulic plant, 145 ; old Bessemer works, 148 ; bar-mills, 
149 ; large plate-mill, 149 ; roll turning shops, 150 ; testing-house, 151 ; 
foundry. 151 ; smaller plate-mill, 151 ; forge, 152 ; blast-furnaces, 152 ; 
staff, 153. 

Paper on " The ' Weardale ' Furnace," 1897, i. 56 ; simplicity of con- 
struction of the new reheating gas furnace, 56 ; principle of its construc- 
tion, 57 ; first trials, 57 ; detailed description of two large furnaces, 62 ; 
method of working, 64 ; advantages of the new furnace, 66 ; first cost of 
the furnace, 69.— />MCMWion; Sir L. Bell, 71 ; G. Ainsworth, 71 ; A. Lam- 
berton, 72 ; W. Deighton, 73 ; A. E. Tucker, 74 ; F. W. Paul, 74 ; H. W. 
HolUs, 75 ; Sir David Dale, 76. 

on Weardale furnace. 1898, i. 494 ; 1899, i. 415. 

on winding appliances. 1897, i. 412. 

HOLLMANN, A. F., on analysis of basic Bessemer slag. 1892, ii. 523. 

Hollow goods, seamless. 1898, ii. 483. 

steel forgings. 1896, ii. 369. 

HOLLOW AY, G. T., book on metallurgy by. 1896, i. 574. 

on a laboratory furnace. 1899, i. 466. 

on petroleum. 1896, i. 857. 

on petroleum in Russia. 1898, ii. 420. 

HOLMES^ C, on coal in Michigan. 1899, ii. 348. 

HOLMES, J. A., on fireclays. 1896, I 322. 

HOLOBEK, J., on ozokerite in Galicia. 1900, i. 315. 

HOLTHOFF, C, on determination of copper in iron. 1890, ii. 854. 

HOLTZ, on peat charcoal. 1899, i. 322. 

on peat-coke. 1898, i. 389. 

HOLTZER, L. J. D., obituary notice of. 1894, il 264. 

HOLTZER, Marcel, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

HOLTZER, P., on coal in Asia Minor. 1897. ii. 316. 

Holtzek's workH. 1897, ii. 434. 

HOLTZWART, R., on causes of explosions in- lignite briquette factories. 
1891, ii. 185 ; 1895, ii. 466. 

HOLZNER, F.. book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601. 

on electricity in mines. 1899, i. 342. 

HOMANN, E., on detection of fire-damp. 1893, ii. 412. 

on experiments with fire-damp. 1892, ii. 414. 

on fire-damp. 1891, i. 332. . 

on safety-lamps. 1890, ii. 720 ; 1898, ii. 408. 

HOMATSCH, A., on a new direct process. 1894, i. 558. 

HOMER, C. J., obituary notice of. 1894, i. 392. 

Homestead i^teel works. 1890, s. v. 276, 303, 433, ii. 790 ; 1893, i. 364 ; 1894, 

i. 556 ; 1897, ii. 434. 
Homogeneity of iron. 1893, i. 364. 
Honduras, coal in. 1894, i. 452. 
HOOD, William Walker, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 
HOOKER, R H., on wages of coal-miners. 1894, ii. 502. 
Hoop and cotton tie mill, Bickley. 1891, ii. 268. 

iron, tests of. 1891, L 425. 

HOOPER, A. H., on determination of sulphur. 1894, i. 614. 



270 GENERAL INDEX. 

HOOPER, D., book on miniDg by. 1899, i. 508. 

HOOZE, J. A., on coalfields of Malaysia. 1892, ii. 361. 

HOPE, G., on coal in Western Australia. 1899, i. 312. 

HOPKINS, F. H., on wire ropes. 1896, ii. 390. 

HOPKINS, T. C, on fire-clays. 1898, ii. 382. 

HOPKINS, W. P., on pile for manufactoring bar iron. 1891, i. 380. 

HOPKINSON, John, on thermal treatment of iron. 1890, i. 96. 

on hardening steel. 1896, i. 208. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 203. 

on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1890, i. 352 ; 1894, ii. 443 ; 

1895, i. 467 ; 1897, ii. 453. 

on nickel alloys. 1892, ii. 503. 

on physical properties of nickel steel. 1890, i. 354. 



HOPPE, O., on wire ropes. 1896, ii. 322. 

HOPPER, J. I., elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

HOPPMANN, on protection of iron buildings from fire. 1895, ii. 536. 

HOPTON, W., on ventilating fans. 1892, i. 374. 

HORBIGER, H., on blowing machinery. 1898, i. 447. 

HORDEN, P., on direct production of steeL 1900, ii. 520. 

HORHAGER, J., on working of charcoal blastfurnaces. 1893, ii. 422. 

HOBIZONTAL boring machine. 1891, i. 404. 

HoRLOZ collieries. 1894, ii. 259. 

HORN, F., on steam-hammer anvil bed. 1894, ii. 407. r 

on three-high rolling-mills. 1890, ii 517. 

HORNER, J., on foundry appliances. 1900, i. 360, ii. 509. 

on moulding. 1897, i. 489. 

HORNER, John Stuabt, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

HORNGREN, H., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

HOBSE haulage. 1895, ii. 434. 

HOBSB-SHOES, manufacture of. 1892, ii. 469. 

HORSEWILL, F. J., on collieries in United States. 1899, i. 364. 

on working coal. 1899, i. 348. 

HORSFIELD, S. S., on improvements in rolling-mills. 1900, IL 271. 

HORTON, Albebt E., elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 

HORTON, L. W., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

HOSEA, R. M., on coal in the Rocky Mountains. 1898, ii. 402. 

on washing coal. 1897, ii. 368. 

HOSKOLD, H. D., on coal in Argentina. 1890, i. 234 ; 1892, ii. 366. 

on iron ore in the Argentine Republic. 1890, i. 190. 

on manganese ore in the Argentine Republic. 1890, i. 202. 

on mining law. 1897, iL 292. 

on petroleum in the Argentine Republic. 1890, i. 238 ; 1892, ii. 382. 

HOT-BLABT. 1899, ii. 400 ; 1900, i. 351. 

equalisation of varying temperatures of. 1900, i. 154. 

history of. 1895, ii. 476. 

stoves. 1890, ii. 754; 1891, i. 361; 1892, ii. 431; 1898, i. 805; 

1894, i. 626, ii. 387 ; 1895, i. 390 ; 1896, i. 20, 407 ; 1898, ii. 463 ; 1899, 

i. 371. 

stoves, arrangement of brickwork in. 1890, ii. 754. 

stoves, improvements in. 1897, i. 463. 

stoves, management of. 1891, ii. 243. 



GBNKKAL INDEX. 271 

Hot- BLAST stoves, new method of combiniDg. 1898, i. 436. 

valve, a new water-cooled. 1896, ii. 203. 

valves. 1896, ii. 461 ; 1899. i. 372 ; 1900, i. 351. 

valves, cooling. 1894, ii. 387. 

Hot-charging and hot-piling of puddled bars. 1892, i. 417. 

Hot-piling puddled bars, rolls for. 1891, i. 381. 

HOT-PBESSED steel, work in. 1894, i. 563. 

Hot shears. 1891, ii. 261. 

HOTCHKISS. J., on coalfields of West Virginia. 1898. ii. 356. 

HOTTA, R. elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

H0TTEN8AUKR, G., on brown coal. 1897, i. 369. 

Hottingueb shafts. 1894, ii. 350. 

Houghton Mining School. 1890, s. v. 450. 

HOUSE, J., on explosives. 1895, i. 359. 

Housing gear for rolling-mills. 1890, i. 308. 

HOWARD, F. T., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 551. 

HOWARD, J. E., on behaviour of iron under repeated stresses. 1894, ii. 
454. 

on bicycle tubing. 1896, iL 410. 

on cubic compression of steel. 1890, ii. 82(». 

on internal strains in iron and steel. 1890, ii. 818. 

on physical properties of iron at high temperatures. 1890, ii. 821. 

on strength of iron and steel. 1894, ii. 447. 

HOWARD, L. D., on coal-cutting machinery. 1899, i. 346. 
HOWARD-SMITH, S., on loading and unloading coal. 1897, ii. 370. 
HOWE, C. F., on iron ore of the Mesabi Range. 1892, i. 277. 
HOWE, Henby Mabion, award of Bessemer medal to. 1895, i. 13. 

books on metallurgj- by. 1890, ii. 890 ; 1891, i. 483 ; 1892, ii. 554 ; 

1894. ii. 538. 

elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

on action of explosives on tubes of steel guns. 1898, ii. 240. 

on action of metalloids on cast iron. 1898, ii. 217. 

on allotropic iron. 1898, i. 212. 

on allotropic theory. 1897, L 525. 

on aluminium in ferro-carbon alloys. 1894, ii. 115. 

on aluminium in iron. 1890, ii. 759. 

on Bertrand-Thiel process. 1899, ii. 442. 

on Bessemer process. 1894, ii. 414 ; 1896, i. 170. 

on brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing. 1898, ii. 160. 

on carbon and iron. 1897, ii. 140. 

on casting of steel. 1896, i. 444. 

on caustic lime in blast-furnace. 1894. ii. 87. 

on colours of heated steel. 1900, i. 410. 

on continuous open -hearth process. 1900, i. 94, ii. 526. 

on corrosion of iron and steel. 1896, ii. 427 ; 1900, ii. 567. 

on critical points of iron. 1900, i. 402. 

on crystalline structure. 1898, i. 198. 

on danger of using too hard steel rails. 1896, ii. 98. 

on Darby's recarburising procesa 1890, ii. 789. 

on development of the Swedish iron industry. 1898, ii. 33. 

on direct reduction process. 1890, i. 304, it 431. 



272 GENERAL INDEX. 

HOWE, H. M., on hardening of steel. 1897, ii. 459. 

Paper on *' Hardening of steel," 1895, ii. 258 ; the carbon and allo- 
iropic theories, 258 ; the cold-work change allotropic, 260 ; the cold- 
work change of iron and of the other malleable metals compared, 266 ; 
does hardening by quenching cause an allotropic change, 271 ; how far 
are the effects of hardening by quenching due to the condition of carbon, 
and how far to the presence of /§ or 3 iron, 281 ; Charpy's investigations, 
281 ; agreement between carbon condition and intensity of hardening, 
291 ; (Sscussion on results, 293 ; appendix, 303 ; colour-carbon deter- 
minations, 303 ; determination of hardness, 307. 

Reply to the discussion of his paper on *" The hardening of steel," 1897, 
i. 193 ; sudden cooling, 193 ; thin specimens, 193 ; hardening of nearly 
carbonless iron, 194 ; J. 0. Arnold's results, 198 ; definition of allo- 
tropy, 212 ; preservation of.allotropy in combination, 214 ; novelty, 215 ; 
harmony with chemical theories, 217 ; the jog, 223. 

on heat of formation of blast-furnace slag. 1890, ii. 760. 

on heat treatment of steel. 1895, i. 452. 

on influence of sudden cooling on nearly pure iron. 1897, ii. 459. 

on iron and steel products at Chicago Exhibition. 1894, ii. 406. 

on Le Chatelier's pyrometer. 1891, i. 280. 

on low carbon steel. 1898, ii. 530. 

on malleable castings. 1900, L 363. 

on manganese steel. 1891, ii. 309 ; 1892, ii. 503 ; 1893, i. 384, ii. 516. 

on manufacture of graphite crucibles. 1890, i. 216. 

on metallurgical education. 1899, ii. 524. 

Paper, ** Notes on the Bessemer process," 1890, ii. 95 ; introduction, 95 ; 
output of American Bessemer works and rail-trains, 96 ; remarks on large 
outputs, 97 ; proportion of silicon in the vessel-charge, 98 ; rate of removal 
of non-ferrous elements, 100 ; length of blow, 103 ; large outputs, 105 ; 
effect of rapid running on the machinery, 107 ; effect of rapid running on 
labour. 111 ; effect of rapid running on quality, 121 ; general arrangement 
of plant, 125 ; cupolas, 125 ; direct metal, 126 ; table showing uniformity 
of blast-furnace work, 128 ; vessels, 129 ; blowing, 130 ; cranes, 130 ; 
engines and moulds, 131 ; ladles, &c., 132; rolling-mill practice, 132; 
appendix-pay-roll of Bessemer works, 134 ; distribution of labour, 135 ; 
tabular statement of repairs, 140. — 7>uetiMton.' P. C. Gilchrint, 141; 
W. Tozer, 142 ; W. F. Durfee, 143 ; H. M. Howe, 145, 151 ; J. Gayley, 146 ; 
John Fritz, 147 ; E. C. Potter, 147 ; table showing work done at the 
Union Bessemer mill, with two 10-ton vessels, 160. 

on open-hearth steel. 1894, ii. 150. 

on properties of slags. 1898, ii. 475. 

on pyrometry. 1890, ii. 680. 

on recent advances in pyrometry. 1894, ii. 308. 

on relation between temperature and grain of steel. 1896, i. 499. 

on thermal and mechanical treatment of steel. 1899, ii. 215. 

on tilting open-hearth furnace. 1900, ii. 524. 

on wrought iron for steel pipes. 1898, ii. 535. 

and A. SAUVEUR— 

Paper on **The hardening of steel," 1896, i. 170; results of a micro- 
scopic examination of twenty-one steel bars, 170 ; definitions, 170 ; general 
description of results, 172; discussion of the results, 174. — Dheussian : 
R. A. Hadfield, 188; J. 0. Arnold, 200 ; J. E. Stead, 206 ;.T. Wrightson, 
207. — Corretpondence : J. Hopkinson, 208 ; F. Osmond, 209 ; J. Parry, 211 ; 
Sir W. C. Roberts-Austen, 215 ; H. D. Hibbard, 218. 

HOWE, M. A., on testing machines. 1897, i. 531. 



GENERAL Il^DEX. 273 

HOWE, W., on pamping appliances. 1897, i. 426. 

Howell compound two-high milL 1891, ii. 257. 

HOWELL, E. E., on meteorites. 1891, i. 263 ; 1892, ii. 326 ; 1898, i. 197 ; 
1894, ii. 293 ; 1896, ii. 377 ; 1896, i. 311. 

HOWELL. E. G., on Welland siderolite. 1892, i. 285. 

HOWELL, J., on coke in New South Wales smelting works. 1893, ii. 364. 

on waste heat in slag. 189i, ii. 393. 

HOWELL, Samuel E., elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 

Royal Commissioner at Paris Exhibition. 1900, ii. 357. 

HOWELL, W. G., on three-high universal plate-mill. 1900, i. 373. 

HOWLEY, J. P., on iron ore in Newfoundland. 1897, i. 339. 

on mining industry of Newfoundland. 1899, i. 82 ; 1900, i. 453. 

HOYER, E. VON, books on metallurgy by. 1897, i. 627 ; ii. 550. 

HOYLAND, G. E., elected member. 1893, i. 2. 

HRABAK, J., on methods of working coal. 1900, il 475. 

HUBER, O. v., transfer table by. 1896, i. 438. 

HUBERT, H., on blast-furnace gas. 1897, ii. 384 ; 1898, i. 441 ; 1900, ii. 497. 

HUBON, E., on electric melting of iron and steel. 1899, ii. 434. 

HUCKINGHAUS, K. A., book on mining by. 1893, i. 451. 

HUDLESTON, W. H., on coal in the South of England. 1898, ii. 392. 

HUDSON, J. G., on coal-cutting machinery. 1894, ii. 363. 

on transmission of heat through steel plates. 1898, ii. 491. 

HUDSON, W. J., on carbon reactions in blast-furnace. 1894, i. 521. 

Hudson Bat, lignite and anthracite round. 1895, i. 319. 

Hudson Riveb carbonates, phosphorus in. 1890, i. 197. 

epoch, siderite basins of. 1891, i. 256. 

HUELVA, manganese ore in. 1895, ii. 378 ; 1897, i. 348, ii. 281. 

HUGHES, H. W., books on mining by. 1892, ii. 555 ; 1896, ii. 488. 

on comparison of electricity and compressed air. 1890, i. 258. 

on mechanical ventilation of collieries. 1890, i. 264. 

on methods of working thick coal in South Staffordshire. 1892, i. 360. 

Paper on "The mineral resources of South Staffordshire." 1895, ii. 22 ; 
vertical succession of strata, 24 ; appendix, 38. — Corretpondence : C. Lap- 
worth, 39 ; W. B. Scott, 41. 

on photography in coal-mines. 1894, i. 506. 

on safety-lamps. 1891, i. 340. 

on Sandwell Park colliery. 1897, i. 410. 



— on screening and cleaning coal. 1890, i. 277. 

— on screening plant at the Bascoup colliery. 1892, i. 387. 

— on South Staffordshire coalfield. 1892, i. 318. 

— on spontaneous combustion of coal. 1892, i. 317 ; 1898, ii. 416. 

— on steel supports in mines. 1890, ii. 717. 
on winding and hauling plant at the Bascoup colliery. 1892, i. 346. 



HUGHES, John, obituary notice of. 1890, i. 177. 

HUGHES, J. W., elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

HUGHES, T. E., on underground haulage. 1896, I 370. 

HUGHES, T. v., on sulphate of ammonia from blast-furnaces. 1897, i. 29 

on use of electricity in mining. 1890, i. 256. 

HUGHES, T. W. H., on coal in Lower Burma. 1892, ii. 359. 

on coal in the Mergui district. 1893, i. 232. 

HULET, J., book on metallurgy by. 1895, i. 547. 

8 



274 GENERAL INDEX. 

HULBTT machine for unloading. 1900, i. 287. 
HULL, B., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 652. 

on Antrim iron ore. 1890, i. 188. 

on average depth of coal-mines. 1890, i. 246. 

on coal in Ireland. 1900, ii 433. 

on coal supply. 1900, iL 589. 

on eastern limits of the Midland coalfield. 1896, ii. 298. 

HULL, Oeorgb H., on cost of production in United States. 1900, ii 622. 

on systems of selling pig iron. 1900, i. 356. 

on world's iron trade. 1900, ii. 629. 

HuLSK & Company. 1899, ii 278. 
HULSE, Joseph W., obituary notice of. 1898, i 816. 
HULST, D., on Menominee iron ore range. 1893, i 186. 
HULST, N. P., on Lake Superior iron ore mines. 1899, i. 298. 

on mining in Lake Superior district. 1899, ii. 327. 

on ore mining at Fewabic mine. 1900, ii. 419. 

HUMANN, K., on history of iron. 1896, ii. 368. 

HUMBERT, on explosions in fireclay. 1896, i. 323. 

HUMBLE, S., on safety-lamps. 1889, i. 355. 

HUME, W. F., on oil industry of Baku. 1896, ii 316. 

HUMFREY, C, elected member. 1896, i. 2. 

HUMPHREY, H. A., on Mond gas-producer plant. 1897, i 404. 

HUMPHREYS, A. C, book on metallurgy by. 1890, ii 890. 

HUMPHREYS-DAVIS, G., on economics of coal-mining. 1899, ii. 888 ; 

1900, i. 340. 
HUMPHRYS, Norton H., on world's coal supplies. 1900, ii. 629. 
HUNDESHAGEN, F., on sulphur in coal. 1892, ii. 526. 
HUNDT, on sanitation in the Dortmund collieries. 1898, ii. 449. 
Hungarian chrome iron ore. 1898, i 214. 

coal, composition of. 1895, i. 315. 

dolomite. 1897, ii. 301. 

magnesite. 1897, ii. 302. 

ozokerite. 1890, ii. 705. 

Hungary, brpwn coal mines in. 1896, ii 407 ; 1897, i. 375. 

chief ironworks of. 1895, i 524. 

coal in. 1897, i. 373, ii. 311 ; 1898, ii. 394 ; 1899, i. 310, ii. 344. 

coal production of. 1898, ii. 573. 

coking brown coal in. 1898, i. 389. 

condition of mines in. 1891, i 453. 

fireclay in. 1897, i. 357. 

haematite from. 1892, ii. 307. 

iron industry of. 1891, i. 452 ; 1894, i. 626 ; 1897, i. 589 ; 1898, ii 573. 

iron ores of. 1890, ii. 656 ; 1896, i. 298 ; 1897, i. 326 ; 1898, ii. 349 ; 

1899, i. 381 ; 1900, i 267. 

ironworks in. 1897, i 471. 

peat in. 1897, i. 377. 

petroleum in. 1895, ii 424 ; 1898, ii. 420. 

screening of coal in. 1896, i. 3«6. 

transport of iron ore in. 1891, i 451. 

. mineral statijstics of. 1890, i. 382, ii. 861 ; 1894, ii. 506 ; 1895, i 524 ; 

1896, i. 549, ii. 460 ; 1898, i. .''>47 ; 1899, i. 476, ii. 500 : 1900, i. 450, ii. 694, 



GENERAL INDEX. 275 

HuNQABY, washing iron ores in. 1897, i 355. 

HunbbOgk, the Eastern, manganese ore of. 1891, iL 151. 

HUNT, Alfbed Ephbaim, obituary notice of. 1899, i. 264. 

on aluminium. 1892, ii. 620. 

on aluminium in open-hearth steel. 1897, ii. 433. 

on baujdte. 1894, ii. 305. 

on determination of carbon. 1894. i. filO. 

on testing steel. 1892, i. 470 ; 1893, ii. 500 ; 1894, ii. 454. 

HUNT, D., on electric pumping plants. 1898, i, 275. 

HUNT, M. R., on new forms of bosh-plates. 1891, ii. 241. 

HUNT, R., on a charcoal blast-furnace record. 1890, ii. 748. 

HUNT, Robert W., elected member. 1899, i. 3. 

on action of metalloids on cast iron. 1898, ii. 223. 

on copper in iron and steel. 1896, ii. 433. 

on danger of using too hard steel rails. 1898, ii. K4, 94. 

on Lorain Steel Company's Works. 1899, i. 413. 

on railway fish-plates. 1890, ii. 808. 

on rolling-mills in the United States. 1892, i. 419. 

on rolling rails. 1900, ii. 519. 

on steel rails. 1896, i. 478, 514 ; 1897, ii. 478 ; 1900, ii. 561. 

on wire rod rolling. 1892, ii. 463 ; 1894, ii. 429. 

HUNT, Sterby, letter from, on P. Ritter von Tunner. 1890, ii. 487. 

Paper on " The iron ores of the United States," 1890, ii. 628 ; produc- 
tion of iron in the United States, and production from imported ores, 
628 ; physical features of iron region, 629 ; geological features, 629 ; 
principal' iron ore horizons of the United States, 630 ; divisions of strati- 
form crystalline rocks, 631 ; Laurentian magnetites, 631 ; the Norian 
series, 632 ; the Arvonian series, 633 ; the Huronian, 633 ; the Appalachian 
Valley, 634 ; the Champlain and Mohawk Valleys, 635 ; the Taconian 
rocks, iron pyrites, 037 ; primal slate ores, 637 ; northern Michigan ores, 
638 ; Lake Superior, 689 ; decay of crystalline rocks, 639 ; deposits of 
Palaeozoic time, 640 ; the Clinton ores, 641 ; Oriskany sandstone ores, 
642 ; iron carbonate, 642 ; the Atlantic belt, 643 ; conclusion, 644. 

HUNT, W. P., on American blast-furnace practice. 1898, ii. 468. 

HUNTER, E. S., on cost of producing Bessemer pig iron. 1890, ii. 758. 

HUNTING, J. S., on bar rolling-mills. 1898, i. 479. 

HUNTINGDON, W., on meteoric iron. 1896, ii 279. 

HUNTINGTON, A. K., book on meuUurgy by. 1897, i. 627. 

on desulphurisation. 1893, i. 105. 

HUNTINGTON, O. W., on meteorites. 1891, i. 264; 1892, i. 284; 1894, i. 

423. 
HUNTSMAN, Benjamin, life of. 1894, il 224. 

HUNTSMAN, F., elected member. 1893, ii. 5. 
HUPFELD, F., on iron ore in Togo. 1900, i. 279. 

on native iron manufacture. 1900, i. 366. 

HUPFELD, W., on iron industry of Austria. 1898, ii. 570. 

HURMUZESCU, D., on magnetic properties of iron. 1896. i. 459, ii. 547. 

HURTZIG, A. C, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

H USER, on manganese ore in Germany. 1898, ii. 349. 

HuSQVABNA ironworks. 1891, ii. 236. 

HUSSAK, E., on magnetic iron ore in Brazil. 1895, L 286. 

HUSSENER, A., on coke-ovens. 1895, i. 328. 

on gases from coke-ovens. 1893, i 240. 



276 GSNBRAL INDEX. 

HUTGHINGS, N., on underground haulage. 1900, i. 325. 
HUTCHINSON, Alfbed, elected member. 1895, i. 2. 
HUTCHINSON, John, elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 
HUTH, P., on centrifugal teeming. 1897, ii 441. 

on reversing valves for open-hearth furnaces. 1895, iL 505. 

HUTTON, Robert, obituary notice of. 1899, I 265. 
HUXHAM, H., on anthracite. 1898, i. 373. 
HUXLET, E. C, on magnetic concentration. 1892, iL 337. 
HYDE, C, on hydraulic mill appliances. 1891, i. 387. 

on ingot-stripping device. 1891, i. 406. 

on steel manufacture in Russia. 1896, i. 4()7. 

Hyderabad, iron industry of. 1899, ii. 65. 
Hydraulic bloom shears. 1890, ii. 768. 

drilling machinery. 1891, ii. 158 ; 1893. ii. 47. 

machinery in foundry practice. 1896, i. 425. 

mill appliances. 1891, i 387. 

pneumatic, and electric mining machines. 1890, i. 258. 

power in the manufacture of iron and steel. 1893, i. 353. 

press, a 4000-ton. 1892, i. 418. 

treatment of steel by the. 1891, i. 402. 

presses. 1896, ii. 370 ; 1898, i. 481. 

pressure, forging by. 1894, i. 539. 

pumping arrangements. 1891, i. 329. 

shell plant. 1894, i 563. 

shifting device for ingot tracks. 1894, i. 557. 

transmission in the foundry. 1898, i. 470. 

winding device at St. Eloy. 1896, i. 369. 

winding engine. 1891, ii. 213. 

Hydrocarbons, classification of. 1890, i. 280. 

natural, of Utah and Colorado. 1891, ji. 1?)4. 

Hydrochloric acid, action of, on pig iron. 1891, i. 428. 
Hydrogen in iron. 1900, ii. 566. 

occlusion by iron. 1893, i. 391. 

Hygrosoopicity of Canadian fuels. 1890, ii. 683. 
Hysteresis. 1892, i. 464 ; 1893, i. 366. 



I 

I' ANSON, James, appointed scrutineer. 1896, ii. 3. 

obituary notice of. 1898, i. 317. 

on coal washing. 1893, i. 287. 

on Darlington industries. 1893, ii. 285. 

Paper on "The Liihrig coal -washing and dry separation plant at the 
Randoli)h Pit of the North Bitchburn Coal Company," 1898, ii. 155 ; 
imi)ortance of coal washing, 155 ; new plant at Evcnwood, 156; efficiency 
of the Motherwell plant, 159 ; cost of labour, 161 ; section of shaft at 
Even wood, 161. 

I'ANSON, Joseph Coventry, elected membor. 1897, ii. 7. 

on coal in California. 1894, ii. 328. 

on coal screening. 1894, i. 511. 



GENIERAL INDEX. 277 

TANSON, J. 0., on iron mining in CleTeland. 1898, L 209. 
IBBOTSON, F., on determination of carbon. 1900, ii 574. 

on determination of molybdenum. 1900, ii. 582. 

on determination of nickel. 1900, ii 581. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1900, ii. 676. 

IGHON, J., on fences for winding shafts. 1894, i. 483. 

Idaho, coal in. 1896, ii. 303. 

IGELS'i'KOM, L. J., on manganiferoas iron ore in Sweden. 1892, ii. 330. 

on thallium and molybdenum in iron ore. 1897, i. 343. 

Igniter, Lauer friction. 1892, i. 357. 
lONiTEBS in fiery mines, friction. 1892, ii. 404. 
Ignition of natural gas. 1893. i. 247. 

spontaneous, of coal. 1891, ii. 171. 

temperatures of. 1894, ii. 311. 

IHEKING, A. VON, book on metallurgy by. 1893, ii. 662. 

on Bessemer plant of Homestead works. 1894, i. 556. 

on blowing engines. 1893, i. 333; 1899, i. 373. 

on ventilation. 1896, i. 378 ; 1897, i. 428. 

IHL8ENG, M. C, books on mining by. 1892, i. 535 ; 1898, i. 584, ii. 601. 

on explosives. 1896, ii. 329. 

Illinois, basic open-hearth process in. 1896, L 441. 

coal-mining in. 1894, i. 492, ii. 532 ; 1897, i. 436. 

coal production. 1893, ii. 559. 

dip of the coal in. 1895, i. 324. 

iron manufacture in. 1890, i. 404. 

Steel Company's blast-furnaces. 1897, ii. 388. 

Steel Company's works. 1890, s. v. 248. 

ILLUMINANTS in mines, photometric value of. 1896, i. 379. 

Illuminating gas, iron carbonyl in. 1893, i. 3U1. 

ILMENAU, jnanganese ore from. 1891, ii. 150. 

ILMENITE from Russia. 1900, i. 274. 

ILSEDE blast-furnaces. 1890. ii. 873 ; 1891, i. 350 ; 1894, ii. 390. 

steelworks. 1896, ii. 468 ; 1900, ii. 611. 

I MAT AC A iron ore range. 1894, i. 418. 

IMMEL heating-furnace. 1896, ii. 386. 

Impact, cast iron under. 1898, i. filO. 

IMPERATORI process. 1891, i. 399, ii. 281 ; 1898, i. 487. 

Imperial Japanese steelworks. 1900, i. 387. 

Improved dipping-needle. 1899, i. 80. 

gas-producer system. 1892, ii. 390. 

moulding machine. 1891, i. 373. 

squeezer. 1893, ii. 448. 

Improvements in blast-furnace construction. 1892, i. 395. 

in cable-making. 1893, ii. 48J. 

in coke-ovens. 1891, i. 305. 

in coking process. 1899, i. 326. 

in gas analysis. 1897, ii. 512. 

in mechanical engineering of collieries. 1890, ii. 708. 

in producer gas. 1899, ii. 366. 

Improving open-hearth steel. 1899, ii 434. 



278 GENERAL INDEX. 

IMPURITIBS of iron. 1894, ii. 481. 

Inolinb, carriage for self-acting. 1890, i. 255 ; 1893, i. 254. 

truck drop for calcining kiln. 1892, i. 305. 

Inclines or shafts for coal mining. 1892, ii. 894. 

Income and expenditure of working men. 1890, s. v. 86, 37. 

Index to Proceedingt. 1890, i 7. 

to Proeeedingt, publication of. 1891, i. 6. 

India as a centre for steel manufacture. 1899, ii. 83. 

coal in. 1890, ii. 687 ; 1891, ii. 349 ; 1893, ii. 352 ; 1894, i. 447 ; 1895, 

i. 320 ; 1897, ii. 316 ; 1898, ii. 397 ; 1900, i 300, ii. 430, 441. 

coal mining in. 1892, i. 385 ; 1893, ii. 552 ; 1900, i. 34'J. 

coal production of. 1890, ii. 874 ; 1894, ii. 517 ; 1899, ii. 511. 

coal prospects. 1897, ii. 529. 



" Dore Ravine, coal seam of. 1891, i. 290. 



India, early wrought iron in. 1895, ii. 491. 

fuel supply of the Salem district. 1892, ii. 370. 

graphite in. 1900, ii. 427. 

-^ iron industry of. 1894, iL 515 ; 1899, i. 401. 

iron manufacture in. 1892, i 516, ii. 446 ; 1893, ii. 449 ; 1896, ii. 354 ; 

1897,1.474; 1899, ii. 512. 

iron ores of. 1892, i. 278 ; 1897, i. 337 ; 1898, ii. 358. 

Lakadong coalfield. 1890, i. 231. 

manganese ore in. 1892, i. 278 ; 1896, ii. 155 ; 1897, ii. 281. 

native iron smelting in. 1897, ii. il5. 

petroleum in. 1890, i. 236, ii. 702 ; 1894, i. 4(>9 ; 1895, i. 335. 

Salem district, steel making in. 1892, ii. 451. 

statistics of. 1893, i. 432 ; 1895, ii. 618 ; 1896, ii. 472 ; 1898, i. 562 ; 



1900, i. 466, ii. 612. 

— use of old rails in. 1892, i. 455. 

wrought iron production in. 1893, ii. 162. 



Indian dowel, analysis of. 1892, i. 493. 
Indiana, coal in. 1897, i. 383 ; 1900, i. 299. 

coal mining in. 1891, L 474. 

coal production. 1893, ii 559. 

coal, tests of. 1892, i. 326. 

fireclay in. 1897, i. 359. 

natural gas in. 1893, i. 248 ; 1894, ii. 345 ; 1898, i. 400 ; 1899, L 334, 

il 364 ; 1900, i. 318. 

petroleum in. 1898, ii. 422. 



Indication of water-level in shafts. 1893, ii. 327. 
Indicators, fire-damp. 1891, ii. 222 ; 1892, i. 380, ii. 110. 
Indium in steel. 1896, i. 528. 
Industrial development of Japan. 1900, ii. 611. 
INDUHTRIES, death-ratc in different, in England. 1891, i. 449. 
Inflammable g-ds in iron mines. 1896, i. :{ir>. 
Inflow of water from old workings. 1896, ii. 3:>2. 
Influence of a blue heat. 1897, i. 52S. 

of aluminium on carbon in cast iron. 1900, ii. 244. 

of annealing on wire. 1892, i. 46(). 

of carbon on iron. 1893, ii. 496 ; 1896, i. 525. 

of copper on iron. 1900, ii. 551. 



GENERAL INDEX. 279 

Influence of hardening. 1900, ii. 546. 

of hydrogen on iron. 1900, ii. 666. 

of low temperature on iron. 1897, iL 464 ; 1900, iL 545. 

of low temperature on steel. 1895, i. 466 ; 1900, i. 410. 

of molybdenum on steel. 1897, ii 471 . 

of pickling on iron. 1895, ii. 581. 

of silicon on iron. 1894, i. 583. 

of sudden cooling on nearly pure iron. 1897, ii. 459. 

of temperature on iron and steel. 1892, i. 464, 466. 

of temperature on rolling. 1897, i. 637. 

of temperature on the tensile strength of iron. 1890, ii. 826. 

INGALL, E. D., on Canadian iron ores. 1896, ii. 271 ; 1900, i. 276. 

on mineral production of Canada. 1894, i. 630 ; 1895, i. 628. 

on mineral statistics of Canada. 1898, ii. 574. 

INGLEBT, Joseph, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 

INGOT-CHABGINO crane. 1892, ii. 448. 

Ingot iron, alleged treacherousness of. 1895, ii. 569. 

iron, cold-bending tests with. 1892, i. 471. 

iron, corrosibility of. 1892, ii. 508. 

iron for bridges. 1890, i. 344 ; 1891, ii. 315. 

iron from the Kiev Bridge. 1890, i. 345. 

iron, influence of extreme cold on. 1892, ii. 487. 

iron, recarburising of. 1894, ii. 416 ; 1895, ii. 521. 

metal, addition of aluminium to. 1894, ii. 438. 

metal, after treatment of. 1893, ii 480. 

metal, changes in. 1892, ii 483. 

metal for bridges. 1890, ii. 814. 

metal for Fordon Bridge, tests of. 1893, i. 382. 

metal, manganese steel and. 1890, ii. 836. 

metal, manufacture of. 1890, ii 791 ; 1894, ii. 421. 

metal, oxygen in. 1895, ii. 580. 

metal test pieces, tests of. 1893, ii. 497. 

meUl, tests of. 1892, ii. 493 ; 1893, ii 503 ; 1894, ii. 456. 

metal, use of. 1893, i. 381. 

mould for irregular sections. 1896, i 424. 

moulds. 1893, i 332. 

strippers. 1890, ii. 779 ; 1891, i. 406 ; 1892, ii 449 ; 1900, i. 372. 

trucks, hydraulic shifting device for. 1894, i. 557. 

Ingots and moulds, handling, in steelworks. 1891, i. 406 ; 1892, i. 442. 

casting. 1891, i. 407 ; 1893, ii. 469. 

external faults in. 1895, i. 467 ; 1896, i. 446. 

for gun tubes and propeller shafts. 1900, i 163. 

hollow, rolling seamless pipe from. 1890, ii. 770. 

rail, the cost of. 1891, ii. 363. 

steeL 1893, ii. 480. 

steel, aluminium in. 1891, ii 275, 287. 

steel, casting solid. 1891, ii. 286. 

steel, solidifying. 1892, i 443. 

INGKET, C, on handling coal. 1900, i. 344. 

Initial strains in a steel forging cooled from the interior. 1896, ii. 406. 



280 GENERAL INDEX. 

INMAN, A. L., on iron ores in Essex. 1890, i. 194. 

INNES, C. H., on ventilation of coUieries. 1896, ii. 447 ; 1900, i. 334. 

Inspection of materials of constrnction in the United States. ISBOf iL 294. 

Institute publications. 1899, i. 10. 

roll of. 1891, i. 1 ; 1896. i. 5 ; 1900, L 5. 

Intensity of conceiyable heat. 1890, s. y. 99. 

Intebchanoeable constrnction in mechanism. 1898, ii. 482. 

Internal strains in iron and steel. 1890, ii. 818 ; 1899, ii. 466. 

strains in winding ropes. 1898, i. 381. 

International Association for testing iron and steel. 1897, i. 10. 

Colliery, Cape Breton. 1892, i. 384. 

iron and steel standards. 1890, ii. 851 ; 1892, ii 520 ; 1898, ii. 526. 

iron trade, statistics of. 1890, s. v. 2. 

standards for the analysis of iron and steel. 1890, i. 368 ; 1891, iL 321 ; 

1895, i. 419. 

trade, extent of. 1890, s. v. 1 7. 



Introduction of standard methods of analysis. 1896, i. 80. 
INTZE, 0., book on metallurgy by. 1897, ii. 550. 
Invention of the Bessemer process. 1897, ii. 435. 
Invested funds of the Institute. 1897, i. 6. 
Iowa, coal in. 1895, i. 324 ; 1897, i. 384. 

coal-mining in. 1894, ii. 375. 

iron ore of. 1896, i. 308. 

IPPEN, J. A., on dolomite from Graz. 1896, ii. 292. 
IKEDALE, Thomas, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 
TRELAN, W., on coal in California. 1894, i. 449. 

on iron ore in California. 1894, i. 414. 

IRELAND, J., on iron in India. 1893, ii. 175. 
Ireland, coal in. 1899, ii. 342 ; 1900, ii. 433. 
Irish iron ores, concentration of. 1893, i. 205. 
IRMINGER, on dry distillation of fir wood. 1900, ii. 444. 
Iron, action of carbonic oxide on. 1892, i. 482. 

action of nitric acid on. 1892, ii. 507. 

action of oils on. 1891, ii. 320. 

action of sulphuric acid on. 1893, ii. 520. 

allotropic changes of. 1894, ii. 446. 

alloy of antimony and. 1892, ii. 508. 

alloys. 1890, i. 363 ; 1891, ii. 302 ; 1894, ii. 478 ; 1899, ii. 461. 

alloys, aluminium. 1894, i. 584. 

alloys, nickel. 1892, ii. 434 ; 1893, i. 396 ; 1896, i. 480. 

alloys, tests of nickel. 1896, ii. 416. 

alloys, tungsten. 1890, i. 364 ; 1892, i. 483 ; 1893, i. 390. 

alloys with reference to manganese steel. 1893, ii. 513. 

aluminium in. 1890, ii. 759 ; 1891, i. 372. 

aluminium, magnetic properties of. 1892, ii. 490. 

American foundry. 1890, i. 293. 

analyses, differences in. 1891, i. 432. 

and aluminium, separation of. 1893, ii. 539. 

and carbonic oxide, volatile compound of. 1891, ii. 320. 

and chromium, silicides ol 1896, i. 525. 



GENERAL INDEX. 281 

IBON and phosphorus. 1900, ii. 60. 

and silicon, determination of, in alamininm. 1692, i. 491. 

and steel, analysis of. 1891, i. 431 ; 1898, i. 402 ; 1894, ii. 481 ; 1896. 

ii. 435 ; 1899, ii. 480 ; 1900, i. 431. 

and steel at high temperatures, physical properties of. 1890, ii. 821. 

and steel at Paris Exhibition. 1890, ii. 816 ; 1900, ii. 156. 

and steel, corrosion of. 1891, ii. 319 ; 1894, ii. 478. 

and steel for wrought pipe. 1896, i. 513. 

and steel from point of view of the Phase- Doctrine. 1900, ii. 311. 

and steel grading. 1896, ii. 566. 

and Steel Institute exhibit at Paris. 1900, ii. 178, 357. 

and steel, internal strains in. 1890, ii. 818. 

and steel, international standards for the analysis of. 1890, i. 368, 



ii. 583, 851 ; 1891, ii. 321 ; 1892, ii. 520 ; 1893, ii. 526. 

— and steel, new process for protecting. 1892, i. 459. 

— and steel, passive state of. 1890, ii. 848 ; 1892, ii. 482. 

— and steel products at Chicago Exhibition. 1894, ii. 406. 

— and steel rails in the United States. 1890, ii. 884 ; 1893, ii. 507. 

— and steel, solution theory of. 1898, iL 243 ; 1900, L 219. 
and steel, specifications for. 1893, ii. 507. 



and steel supports underground. 1893, ii. 392. 

and steel, tests of. 1890, ii. 831, 832. 

and steel under repeated stresses, behaviour of. 1894, ii. 454. 

and steel works of the United States. 1890, i. 397. 

and steel, wrought, tests of structural. 1892, i. 479. 

and tin, alloys. 1893, i. 396. 

annealing. 1892, i. 410. 

at low temperatures. 1890, ii. H24 ; 1891, ii. 307 ; 1895, ii. 554. 

average consumption of, per head. 1890, s. v. 30. 

basic. 1890, ii. 793. 

bearing district. Crystal Falls. 1900, ii. 412. 

bearing rocks of Adirondack Mountains. 1893, ii. 315. 

bearing rocks of Michigan and Wisconsin. 1894, ii. 281. 

blast-furnaces in America, the first. 1892, i. 393. 

breaking masses of, by blasting. 1890, ii. 801. 

buildings, protection of, from fire. 1894, ii. 461 ; 1895, ii. 536. 

carbide in steel. 1897, i. 554. 

carbides of. 1898, ii. 548. 

carbides, study of alloys with. 1896, i. 222. 

carbon in, mode of resistance of. 1891, i. 264. 

carbonate, separation of, from zinc blende. 1898, 1. 205. 

carbonyl in illuminating gas. 1893, i. 391. 

carburisation of. 1892, ii. 506. 

carburisation of, by the diamond. 1891, i. 426. 

cast, coated water-pipe. 1890, ii. 809. 

cast, graphite in. 1890, ii. 849. 

cast, manganese in. 1891, ii. 247. 

cast, physical properties of. 1890, ii. 828. 

cast, pressure used in drilling. 1890, ii. 839. 

cast, tinning. 1892, i. 461. 

castings. 1892, u. 444 ; 1896, L 425. 



282 GENERAL INDEX. 

IBON oastings, maUeable. 1890, iL 810 ; 1898, i. 349. 

oastingB, shrinkage of. 1895, i 471. 

cementation of. 1896, ii. 603. 

changes in, prodaced by thermal treatment. 1890, i. 85. 

.— chemistry of, 1894, ii. 469, 474 ; 1895, i. 493. 



— chilled cast. 1892, L 126. 

— chimneys, wrought. 1890, il. 815 ; 1892, ii. 461. 
chrome. 1890, ii. 849. 

— chrome, analysis of. 1890, i. 372. 

— classification of. 1892, i. 463. 

— Cliffs mine. 1890, s. v. 395. 

— coating with tar. 1892, a 480. 

— cobalt, and nickel, separation of. 1891. i. 442. 

— coefficient of expansion of. 1900, i. 408. 

— colanms, tests of. 1898, ii. 538. 

— comparative exports of United Kingdom and America. 1890, s. ▼. 27. 

— compoands, heats of formation of. 1895, ii. 400. 

— considered as building material. 1891. i. 408. 

— corrosion of. 1891, i. 427 ; 1898, ii. 550 ; 1900, i. 427. 

— cost of prodaction in the United States. 1891, i. 475. 

— critical poinU of. 1890, i. 38 ; 1900, i. 402. 

— critical points of, Villari. 1890, IL 838. 

— crystallisation of. 1890, ii. 828 ; 1894. ii. 445 ; 1895, i. 459. 

— cuprous sulphide in. 1890, i. 363. 

— desulphurisation of. 1891, i. 429 ; 1892, ii. 435 ; 1893, ii. 435 ; 1895, 
u390. 

determination of. 1893, i. 416 ; 1894, ii. 497 ; 1895, ii. 600 ; 1896, ii. 



446 ; 1897, i. 575, iL 508 ; 1899, ii. 482, 489 ; 1900, ii 582. 

— determination of, and alumina. 1892, i. 41)2. 

— determination of copper in. 1890, ii. 854. 

— direct reduction of. 1892, i. 415. 

— district of Siegen. 1894, ii. 512. 

— early Scottish. 1894, ii. 399. 

— effect of oil on. 1893, ii. 521. 

— effect of phosphorus on. 1890, ii. 820. 

— electrical resistance of. 1890, i. 355 ; 1892, ii. 491 ; 1898, ii. 493. 

— electro-deposition of. 1890, ii. 767 ; 1891. ii. 321 ; 1894, ii. 477. 

— enamelling. 1891, ii. 298. 

— fining of. 1891, i. 376. 

— foundry tests. 1893, ii. 512. 

— furnaces, charcoal. 1893, ii. 427. 

— galvanised, manufacture of. 1890, i. 348. 

— gas cylinders. 1897, i. 552. 

— gaseous compounds with. 1896, i. 523. 

— Grerman basic- Bessemer. 1890, i. 345. 

— grading of foundry. 1896, ii. 362. 

— hardness of. 1890, i. 356. 

— history of. 1892, i. 393 ; 1893, ii. 476 ; 1895. ii. 473 ; 1896, i. 418 
1897, ii. 415 ; 1898, i. 478, ii. 486 ; 1900, i. 3t>9. 

— hoop, tests of. 1891, i. 424. 

— impurities in. 1894, ii. 481. 



GENERAL INDEX. 283 



IBON in France. 1892, i. 609. 

in plants. 1898, ii. 319. 

in Russia. 1892, I 518. 

in Saxony, production of. 1898, L 432. 

industry, electric power in. 1895, i. 420. 

industry of Austria. 1900, ii. 592. 

industry of Canada. 1900, ii. 596. 

industry of Central 'Russia. 1890, i. 191. 

industry of Cleveland. 1893, ii. 428. 

industry of the Congo. 1896, ii. 492. 

industry of Finland. 1892, ii. 546. 

industry of Hyderabad Deccan. 1899, ii. 65. 

industry of India. 1894, ii. 515. 

industry of Meurthe-et-Moselle. 1892, i. 511. 

industry of Siegen. 1897, ii. 627. 



— industry of South Russia. 1895, i. 398. 

— industry of Southern United States. 1890, i. 403. 

— industry of Tyrol. 1892, ii. 532. 

— industry of Ural Mountains. 1897, i. 473. 

— industry, progress of. 1897, i. 450. 

— industry, progress of German. 1890, i. 389. 

— influence of carbon on. 1898, ii. 496. 

— influence of temperature on. 1892, i. 464, 466 ; 1893, i. 490. 

— ingot, cold-bendihg tests with. 1892, L 471. 

— ingot, for bridges. 1890, i. 344. 



— ingot from the Kiev Bridge. 1890, i. 345. 

— ingot, influence of extreme cold on. 1892, ii. 487. 

— Uning for shafts. 1894, ii. 299. 

— magnetic properties of. 1890, L 352 ; 1892, ii. 488 ; 1893, ii. 493 ; 
1894, ii. 442 ; 1895, I 457, ii. 546 ; 1896, i. 491 ; 1897, ii. 453. 

— magnetic separation of, from other ores. 1891, i. 273. 

— magnetisation of. 1890, ii. 848 ; 1891, i. 479 ; 1892, ii. 488; 1893, ii 520. 

— malleable cast. 1891, i. 376, ii. 312 ; 1892, ii. 492. 

— manganese and aluminium, triple alloys of. 1892, ii 508. 

— manufacture, charcoaL 1896, ii. 348. 

— manufacture, early days of. 1895, i. 418. 

— manufacture, economics in. 1895, i 413. 

— manufacture in Austria. 1893, ii. 425. 

— manufacture in East Africa. 1894, ii. 400. 

— manufacture in Germany. 1898, ii. 425. 

— manufacture in Illinois. 1890, i. 404. 

— manufacture in India. 1892. i. 516, ii. 446 ; 1893, ii. 449. 

— manufacture in Luxemburg. 1895, i 398. 

— manufacture in Nova Scotia. 1892, ii. 535. 

— manufacture in Pennsylvania, early. 1898, ii. 451. 

— manufacture in the United States. 1891, i. 473 ; 1896, i 399. 

— manufacture of galvanised. 1891, ii. 298. 

— manufacture, value of materials in. 1896, i. 419. 

— mechanical testing of. 1891, i. 420. 

— melting. 1891, i. 372. 

— metallic, recovery of, from slag. 1891, ii 280. 



284 OSNEKAL INDEX. 

Iron, metallnrgy of, use of fluorspar in. 1890, i. 298. 

micro-chemical detection of. 1894, i. 617. 

microscopic examination of. 1892, ii. 486. 

molecular changes in. 1892, ii. 481. 

mountain. 1890, ». v. 196. 

native, in Greenland. 1893, i. 195. 

native manufacture of. 1892, ii. 446 ; 1898, i. 317, ii. 461. 

native, peculiar form of. 1892, i. 283. 

native, sulphates from Chili. 1890, i. 199. 

natural nickel. 1891, ii. 148. 

ore beds of Minnesota. 1890, i. 196 ; 1891, i. 236. 

ore beds of Northamptonshire. 1892, i. 266. 

ore belt, western, of Tennessee. 1891, it 145. 

ore, bog, of Saxony. 1890, ii. 666. 

ore, brown, in the southern United States. 1891, ii 145. 

ore, calcination of spathic. 1890, ii. 677. 

ore, calcining. 1893, ii 330. 

ore, chrome. 1893, ii. 470. 

ore, chrome, analysis of. 1891, ii. 329. 

ore, chrome, decomposition of. 1892, i. 492. 

ore, chrome, determination of the value of. 1892, i. 493. 

ore, chrome, in Lower Silesia. 1891, i. 261, ii. 166 ; 1893. i. 200. 

ore, chrome, in New Caledonia. 1891, ii. 168. 

—^ ore, chrome, volumetric determination of chromium in. 1890, i. 375. 

ore concentration. 1890, i. 211, ii. 670; 1891, ii 162; 1893, i. 205; 

1895, ii. 389. 

ore, cost of working. 1890, s. v. 104, 112 ; 1893, 1 201. 

ore deposits, formation of. 1892, i. 265 ; 1893, i. 183. 

ore deposits near Kertsch. 1899, ii. 312. 

ore deposits of Algiers. 1893, i. 4'J9. 

ore deposits of the Banat. 1891, i. 252. 

ore deposits of Berggiesshubel. 1890, ii. 666. 

ore deposits of Cuba. 1893, ii. 318. 

ore deposits of Gellivara. 1890, i. 190 ; 1893, ii. 310, 556. 

ore deposits of Leicestershire. 1891, i. 250. 

ore deposits of the Mesabi range. 1892, i. 276. 

ore deposits of Mexico. 1893, ii. 317. 

ore deposits of NaoTerhaugen. 1891, i. 254. 

ore deposits of Nova Scotia. 1893, i. 186. 

ore deposits of Pazzano. 1899, ii. 311. 

ore deposits of Pilot Knob. 1891, ii. 144. 

ore deposits of Portugal. 1891, i. 262. 

ore deposits of South-West Vogtland. 1892, i. 267. 

ore deposits of Spain. 1892, i. 268 ; 1893. i. 181, ii. 309. 

ore district, new. 1891, i. 258. 

ore dressing. 1894, i. 426. 

ore dressing in Spain. 1894, ii. 301. 

ore, dry assay of. 1896, i. 538. 

ore, exports of, from Spain. 1890, i. 31)3 ; 1891, i. 463 ; 1892, i. 622. 

ore, formation of chrome. 1890, ii. 664. 

ore in Alabama. 1893, i. 191 ; 1899, ii. 320. 



QBHKBAL INDEX. 286 

IBOH on in Algerik. 1890, ii. H6H ; 1891, ii. 342. 

ore in the AntiUeB, 1899. il 321, 

ore in Antrim. 1890.i. S>*. 

ore in the Areectina Repablio. 1890, i, 199. 

— — ore in Belle Isle. NewfoaLdkncl. 1899, iL 320. 

ore in British Col iimbJa. 1891, ii. 143; 1899. iL 319, 

ore in BnlRaria. 1898, ii. 304. 

ore in California. 1891, ii. 144. 

ore in Canada, 1890, i. 1!)3 ; 1893. i. 1M3. 

orelntbeCauo4i-Mis. 1891, ii 150. 

ore in Chili. 1890, ii. (133, 8li4. 

ore in China. JB93, i. 193. 

ore in Colorado. 1890, i. litT, ii. 661 ; 1891, i. 267. 

ore in Cnba. 1890, ii. BUG. 

ore in Gennan South-Weat Africa. 1691, i. 2E8. 

ore in India. 1893, i. 277 ; 1896, ii. 473. 

ore in Kent. 1899, ii. 30H. 

ore in KenCuckj. 1690,1. 19(1; 1892, i. 278. 

ore in Lake Su!>Bri or district. 1892, i. 526 ; 1893, 1. 443 ; 1900, i. 483. 

ore in Luiemburg. 1899, i. 310; 1900, iL 612. 

ore in Mexica 189S, i. 192. 

— ore in HoDtana. 1891, i. 268. 

ore in New Caledonia. 1891. i. 2EG. 

ore in New York. ISSO, i. OJ. 

ore in New Zealand. 1893, i, 185. 

ore in NovaBcotia. 1898, ii. 312. 

ore in Ontario. 1893, i. 18a 

ore in the Palatinate. 1890, i. 191. 

ore in Poland. 1893, L 180. 

ore in Baawy. 1893, ii. 302. 

ore in Russia. 1893, ii. 30G ; 1898, i. CS8; 1900, i. 273.^ 

ore in Siegen. 1899, ii. 311. 

ore in Spain. 1891, L 262, iL 142 ; 1892, L 269 ; 1899, ii. 314. 

ore in Styria. 1898, ii, at>3. 

ore in Sweden. 1890, i. 189, ii, 656 ; 1892, L 270 ; 1893, ii. 310 ; 

1899. ii, 316 ; 1900, ii. 619. 

ore in Snitzertand. 1699, n. 317. 

ore in Tennessee. 1890, i. 196, U. 661. 

ore in Texas. 1892. L 2Sa 

ore in Tunis. 1899, ii. 324. 

ore in the United Slates. 1890, g. v. 68, 327, ii. 662 ; 1898, it 314 

557 i 1698, L 674 ; 1900. ii. 621. 

ore in the Ural Motiiitaioa. 1890, iLli67; 1898, 1. 181 ; 1899, ii. 311. 

ore in Virginia. 1890, L 196 ; 1891, ii. 146 ; 1889, ii. 321. 

ore in Wicklow. 1891, L 231. 

— ore lininga. cliroiue, 1899, L 217. ii. 783 ; 1891, i. 276. 

- — — ore, loading on Lake Superior. 1893, ii. 324. 

ore, magnetic concentration oi. 1891, i. 272, ii, IfiO ; 1697, iL 294. 

ore, magnetJo, in North Carclinn. 1692, L S7H. 

ore, magnetic, pnlveiiaing, at the Croton Mines. 1892, L 300. 

ore, mag^etio separation of. 1892, L 300. 



286 OEKKRAL INDEX. 

Iron ore, magnetic separator for. 1890, ii 675. 

ore, niagDetisation of. 1890, li. 671. 

ore, manganiferous, at Tyrnowa. 1890, ii. 656. 

ore, maDganiferous, mining near Giessen. 1891, i. 271. 

ore mine, ancient. 1895, ii. 387. 

ore mine, Lumpsey. 1891, ii. 155. 

ore mined in Spain. 1892, i. 522. 

ore mines, bitumen in. 1893, i. 243. 

ore mines, electric haalage in. 1895, i. 299. 

ore mines of Rar-el-Maden. 1899, ii. 323. 

ore mines, Sigua, Caba. 1890, i. 198. 

ore mines of Virginia. 1891, ii. 147 ; 1892, i. 280. 




ii. 326 ; 1900, i. 2S2, ii. 417. 

— ore mining at Danville, Pennsylvania. 1892, i. 288. 

— ore mining at Lake Angeline. 1893, ii. 3*24. 

— ore mining, cost of, in United States. 1892, i. 296. 

— ore mining in Cleveland. 1893, i. 200, ii. 45. 

— ore mining in Saxony. 1891, i. 459. 

— ore mining in Siegen District. 1891, ii. 154 ; 1892, ii 539. 

— ore mining in Spain. 1893, ii. 306. 

— ore mining in the United States. 1891, ii. 352 ; 1893, i. 201. 

— ore of Australia. 1890. ii. 658 ; 1891, i. 254 ; 1893, ii. 311. 

— ore of Austria. 1893, i. 179. 

— ore of Bilbao, analyses of. 1896, ii. 94. 

— ore of Cape Breton. 1893, ii. 312 ; 1899, ii. 319. 

— ore of Cuba. 1893, i. 192. 

— ore of France. 1890, ii. 654 ; 1892, i. 2(>(J ; 1899, ii. 309 ; 1900, ii. 59K. 
ore of Germany. 1890, ii. 873. 

— ore of Grangesberg. 1891, i. 253. 

— ore of Great Britain and Ireland. 1893, i. 178. 

— ore of Luxemburg. 1893, i. 180. 

— ore of the Marquette district, Michigan. 1892, i. 274. 

— ore of New South Wales. 1891, ii. 143. 

— ore of Nova Scotia. 1892, i. 272. 

— ore of the Orinoco. 1890, i. 199. 

— ore of Quebec. 1890, i. 385 ; 1893, ii. 312. 

— ore of Russia. 1892, i. 271. 

— ore of Ufalejsk, Russia. 1892, i. 271. 

— ore of Vancouver Island. 1890, i. 193. 

— ore of Vermilion Range. 1893, L 190. 

— ore of Virginia. 1890, i. 190 ; 1893, i. 191, ii. :nCu 
ore, oolitic. 1890, i. 190, ii. 655. 

— ore, phosphorus in. 1892, i. 281. 

ore, production of the United States. 1890, s. v. 70, 71, 402, ii. 886; 

1891, i. 471 ; 1892, i. 524; 1897, ii. 541. 
ore production of the world. 1890, ii. 889 ; 1900, ii. 625. 

— ore range, Menominee. 1893, i. 186. 

ore range. Mesabi. 1890, i. 197 ; 1893, i. 187. 



GENERAL INDEX. 287 

Iron ore range, Vermilion. 1890, i. 403; 1892, i. 277. 

ore, roasting of. 1891. ii. 163 ; 1896, ii. 116. 

ore, sampling. 1892, i 298 ; 1894, ii. 300. 

ore smelting in the Shan States. 1890, ii. 765. 

ore, smelting titaniferoiis. 1890, ii. 748. 

ore supplies. 1897, ii. 526. 

ore supply of Great Britain. 1900, ii. 588. 

ore transport. 1890, i. 210 ; 1891, i. 272, 471 ; 1898, i. 206 ; 1897, ii. 

292; 1899, i. 301. 

ore, titaniferous, of Ekersund-Soggendal. 1890, i. 191. 

ore waggon. 1891, ii. 160. 

ore washer, M'Lanahan. 1890, ii. 670. 

ore washing. 1890, i. 212 ; 1891, i. 272 ; 1896, i. 301 ; 1898, i. 360. 

ores. 1898, ii. 302 ; 1894. i. 402, ii. 283 ; 1895, i. 274, ii. 362 ; 1896, i. 

298, ii. 270 ; 1897, i. 326, ii. 266 ; 1898, i. 334, ii. 342 ; 1899, i. 278, ii. 306 ; 

1900, i. 266, ii. 402. 

ores, analysis of Lake Superior. 1890, ii. 666. 

ores, analysis, tabular scheme for. 1895, i. 514. 

ores and slag, analysis of. 1890, i. 374, ii. 856 ; 1891, i. 443, ii. 329 ; 

1892, i. 492, ii. 521 ; 1893, i. 416, ii. 538 ; 1894, i. 617, ii. 496 ; 1896, i. 514, 
ii. 599 ; 1896, i 538, ii. 446 ; 1897, i. 575, ii. 508 ; 1898, i. 539, ii. 562 ; 
1899, i. 467, ii. 489 ; 1900, i. 436, ii. 582. 

ores, furnace value of. 1896, i. 398. 

ores, origin of. 1891, ii. 142 ; 1892, i. 264 ; 1893, i. 178. 

ores, phosphoric, treatment of. 1898, i. 361. 

ores, rapid analysis of. 1895, ii. 599. 

ores, utilisation of. 1894, i 621. 

oxides, reduction of, by carbonic oxide. 1896, i, 528. 

oxygen in. 1893, i. 392. 

passive state of. 1891, i. 426. 

phosphoric, in Sweden. 1891, i. 251, 253. 

pipe-founding. 1897, ii. 413. 

plates, cast, heat transmission through. 1891, ii. 299. 

preparation of chemically pure. 1896, ii. 426. 

probable future of the manufacture of. 1890, ii. 406. 

produced by new process. 1896, ii. 139. 

production of, in Sweden. 1891, i. 463. 

production of malleable. 1896, i. 432. 

production, relative, of United Kingdom and America. 1891, i. 481. 

protection of, from rust. 1890, ii. 850 ; 1894, ii. 436. 

pure. 1892, i. 88. 

pyrites, chemical constitution of. 1895, i 288. 

rate of diffusion of carbon in. 1896, i. 139. 

reduction process, new. 1894, ii. 404. 

relations of aluminium to. 1900, i. 429. 

rust-proof coating. 1892, ii. 479. 

rust with magnetic properties. 1893, i. 398. 

rusting of. 1892, i. 482. 

scrap, hammer for piling. 1892, i. 444. 

segregation in. 1893, ii. 521. 

selenides. 1900, ii. 670. 

— separation of, from other elements. 1891, ii. 328 ; 1892, ii. 510. 



288 GENERAL INDEX. 

IBON, sheet, the mannfactare of. 1890, ii. 797. 

smelting in Malabar. 1891, ii. 264. 

solution of gases in. 1898, ii. 521. 

solution theory of. 1900, i. 422. 

Spanish, analysis of. 1891, i. 252. 

specific heat of. 1893, ii. 493 ; 1897, i. 304. 

speotmm of, and the periodic law. 1892, i. 484. 

stay-bolt. 1891, i. 424. 

strength of, effect of pickling and rusting on. 1891, L 428. 

sulphur in. 1894, ii. 477. 

supports. 1896, i. 299 ; 1897, ii. 351. 

tensile strength of, influence of temperature on. 1890, iL 825. 

terrestrial origin of, in Siberia. 1891, iL 148. 

thermal conductivity of. 1896, i. 493. 

titanium in. 1892, ii. 437. 

titration of. 1894, i. 617. 

trade, progress of the world's. 1893, i. 446 ; 1900, iL 628. 

trade statistics of United Kingdom. 1890, i. 378 ; 1891, iL 333 ; 1893, 

ii. 541 ; 1894, ii. 501 ; 1895, L 518, ii. 606 ; 1896, i. 544, u. 458 ; 1897, i. 

683, iL 515 ; 1898, i. 542, iL 567 ; 1899, L 472, ii. 494 ; 1900, i. 445, ii. 687. 

— tunnels. 1896, ii. 390. 

volumetric determination of. 1890, i. 374 ; 1892, i. 492. 

weld and ingot, relative corrosibility of. 1892, ii. 608. 

wire ropes. 1891, i. 326. 

work in tunnels, protecting, from corrosion. 1892, iL 480. 

working, a primitive method of. 1892, ii. 461. 

working in ancient Egypt. 1895, ii. 491. 

world's consumption of. 1900, ii. 624. 

world's production of. 1892, ii. 551 ; 1898, L 445, iL 559; 1894, i. 647, 

ii. 533 ; 1895, L 545, ii. 627 ; 1896, iL 483 ; 1898, i. 580 ; 1900, i. 485, 

ii. 623. 

yield point of. 1895, L 468. 



IBONFOUNDBY, history of. 1895, i. 410. 
IBON-SANDS, New Zealand magnetic. 1896, i. 65. 
IBONSTONE carbonate. 1890, s. v. 114, 115. 

making of the middle lias, of the Midlands. 1896, L 74. 

of Cleveland. 1890, s. v. 117. 

IBONWORK, old. 1898, i. 349. 

ornamental 1895, i. 463 ; 1896, i. 481, iL 392. 

structural. 1894, ii. 435. 

IBONWOBKEBS, eye accidents among. 1897, L 468. 
IBONWOBKS. 1896, ii. 355. 

at Samaca, Columbia. 1894, ii. 391. 

Bethlehem. 1890, i. 286. 

Bjelorezk, flux used at. 1890, ii. 759. 

blowing-engines at the Newport. 1893, i. 303. 

Dalzell. 1892, i. 430. 

gas analysis in. 1892, L 497. 

Husqvama. 1891, ii. 236. 

in Bosnia. 1890, ii. 745. 

in China. 1891, i. 456 ; 1894, ii. 507, 



GBNERilL INDBX. 289 

IROKWOBKS in KoDt 18d5, ii. 477. 

in Rnssia. 1891, ii. 236 ; 1898, i. 569. 

Konigshuld, history of. 1892, ii. 642. 

Mexican. 1892, ii. 447. 

of the Rhine provinces. 1891, i. .361. 

plant. 1900, i. 370. 

Springfield. 1891, ii. 256; 1892, ii 446. 

Thames. 1896, i. 486. 

Viscaya, Bilbao. 1898, i. 334. 

Irregular distribotion of silicon in pig iron. 1892, i. 404. 

sections, ingot mould for. 1896, L 424. 

Irregularity in the composition of samples. 1896, iL 439. 

of manganese in ferro-manganese. 1898, i. 313. 

IRVINE, R., on corrosion of iron. 1891, i. 427. 

IRVING, A., on formation of iron ore deposits. 1892, i. 265. 
IRVING, D., on extinction of fires in mines. 1900, L 33a 
IRVING, R. D., on iron-bearing rocks of Michigan. 1894, ii. 281. 

on iron ores of the Marquette district, Michigan. 1892, I 274. 

on magnetic schists. 1894, i. 416. 

IRWIX, W. G., on beehive ovens. 1900, i. 303, 304. 

on by-product coke-ovens. 1900, ii. 448. 

on recovery of by-products. 1897, ii. 326. 

ISAAC, on calorific value of lignite briquettes. 1900, i. 293. 

ISAACS, J. D., on mine timber. 1897, i. 419. 

Isabella furnaces. 1890, s. v. 244, 429. 

ISAKSON, Carl Johan Albert, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 

ISHPEMING. 1890, 8. V. 206. 

Isle of Man, coal in the. 1892, i. 322. 

ISSER, M. VON, on iron ores of Del^mont. 1896, i. 304. 

on lignite deposits in the Tyrol. 1891, i. 283. 

ISTRATI, G. J., on new explosives. 1893, i. 264. 

on ozokerite in Moldavia. 1898, i. 398. 

on petroleum in Roumania. 1892, i. 617. 

IBTRIA coalfield. 1898, ii. 342. 

ITALL^N graphites. 1895, ii. 398 ; 1898, i. 366, ii. 385. 

mineral fuel. 1893, ii. 346 ; 1894, ii. 317 ; 1895, i. 317. 

mines, accidents in. 1895, i. 534. 

Italy, coal in. 1897, ii. 314. 

iron industry of. 1899, 1 491. 

manufacture of steel in. 1890, ii. 875. 

natural gas in. 1894, i. 472 ; 1900, ii. 458. 

petroleum in. 1893, ii. 375 ; 1894, ii. 341 ; 1899, i. 331 ; 1900, i. 310. 

progress of mining and metallurgy in. 1891, ii. 350. 

statistics of. 1890, i. 391, ii. 875 ; 1891, i. 459, ii. 349 ; 1892, i. 617, 

544, iL 542 ; 1898, i. 433, ii 552 ; 1894, ii. 517 ; 1896, i. 560 ; 1897, i. 600, 
ii. 630 ; 1898, i. 562, ii. 583 ; 1899, ii 614 ; 1900, 1. 467, ii. 618. 

IVATT, H. A., on steel crank axles. 1891, ii. 313. 



290 GENERAL INDEX. 



J. 

JACOARD, A., book on mining by. 1895, i. 549. 

Jackbtino, metal, for blast-furnace hearth. 1892, i. 398. 

JACKMAN, Albak Joseph, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

JACKS, W., on production of iron in different countries. 1892, ii. 552. 

votes of thanks by. 1896, i. 192 ; 1898, i. 14. 

JACKSON, E., on sulphate of ammonia from blast-furnaces. 1897, i. 297. 

JACKSON, F. M., on washing coal. 1896, ii. 344 ; 1897, ii. 868. 

JACKSON, Gboffret, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 

JACKSON, John, obituary notice of. 1899, i. 265. 

JACKSON, J. P., on electricity in mines. 1899, ii. 372 ; 1900, i. 326. 

Jackson County, coal-mining in. 1894, ii. 374. 

Jackson Mine. 1890, s. v. 207, 397. 

JACOB, M., on underground rope- haulage. 1892, ii. 376. 

JACOBSSON, C. A., on forge pig iron. 1891, i. 376 ; 1897, i. 481. 

on manganese in the finery process. 1899, ii 417. 

on preparation of peat. 1898, ii. 361. 

JACOUPY, L. H., on use of blast-furnace gas. 1899, ii. 401. 
JABR, E. DE, on cost of raising coal in Belgium. 1896, i. 550. 

on mineral statistics of Belgium. 1900, ii. 595. 

JAHN, J. J. , on formation of petroleum. 1898, i. 433. 

JAHN, K, on haamatite from Hungary. 1892, ii. 308. 

JAHODA, R., on water-gas. 1900, i. 820. 

JAHR, on mine-8unreying. 1898, ii. 451. 

Jamailles, rolling-mills at. 1900, ii. 370. 

JAMBILLE, S. L. F., obituary notice of. 1895, i. 263. 

JAMES, C, on malleable castings. 1897, ii. 410 ; 1900, i. 363, ii. 511. 

JAMES, C. A., book on mining by. 1894, i. 650. 

JAMES, Enoch, on blast-furnace and coke-oven gases. 1899, i. 150. 

on charging open-hearth furnaces by machinery. 1897, i. 108. 

on pig-breakers. 1900, ii. 495. 

JAMES, H. M., on Whitehaven collieries. 1894, ii. 372. 
JAMES, J. S., on colliery ventilation. 1890, i. 264. 
James furnace. 1891, ii. 255. 

JAMESON, A. H., on testing machines. 1899, i. 435. 
JAMESON, C. D., on coal in East China. 1898, ii. 405. 
JAMESON, J., on coke-ovens. 1898, i. 63. 

on recovery of by-products. 1896, i. 351. 

Jameson oven. 1896, i. 351. 

JAMIESON, M. B., on coke in New South Wales. 1893, ii. 364. 
JANDA, F., on determination of nickel. 1900, ii. 581. 
JANET, M., on best form of safety fuses. 1892, ii. 403. 

on signalling. 1891, ii. 212 ; 1893, ii. 391. 

JANITZ, on brick kilns. 1896, i. 324. 

JANNASCH, P., on decomposition of chrome iron ore. 1892, i. 492. 

on determination of manganese. 1892, i. 493. 

JANNETTAZ, P., on hardness of metals. 1893, ii. 495. 
JANSSEN, M., on metal sleepers in Belgium. 1892, ii. 497. 
JANSSON, GUSTAV, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 



GENERAL INDEX. 291 

Japan, coal in. 1894, i. 638 ; 1896, ii. 314 ; 1897, ii. 581 ; 1899, i. 31^ ; 1900, 

i. 301. 

coal deposits of, 1891, u. 351 ; 1892, ii. 544; 1898, ii. 357 ; 1895, i. 534. 

coal prod action of. 1896, ii. 473. 

fire-resisting materials in. 1898, ii. 383. 

imports of iron and steel into. 1892. i. 517 ; 1897, ii. 530. 

indostrial development of. 1900, ii. 614. 

iron industry of. 1896, i. 862« 

iron ore in. 1898, ii. 361 ; 1899, i. 290 ; 1900, i. 278. 

petroleum in. 1891, i. 309 ; 1896, ii. 317 ; 1897, ii. 333 ; 1898. ii. 361 ; 

1899, ii. 361 ; 1900, ii. 456. 

statistics of. 1890, i. 392 ; 1898, i. 433 ; 1894, ii. 518 ; 1895, ii. 620 ; 



1896, ii. 473 ; 1897, i. 601 ; 1898, i. 563. 
— steel making in. 1898, ii. 553 ; 1900, i. 46s. 
wire ropeway in. 1894, i. 487. 



Japanese coke, analysis of. 1898, i. 385. 

pig iron. 1896, i. 419. 

steelworks. 1899, il. 440. 

steelworks. Imperial. 1900, i. 387. 

swords. 1896, i. 431. 

JAPING, E., book on meUUurgy by. 1890, ii. 891. 

JAPP, F. R., on gas analysis. 1892, i. 498. 

JAQUES, W. H., on armour-plates. 1896, i. 520, ii. 420. 

on Bethlehem ironworks. 1890, i. 286, 321. 

on heavy ordnance in the United States. 1898, ii. 517. 

on recent progress in iron manufacture. 1892, ii. 47-1. 

Paper "On recent progress in the manufacture of war material in the 
United States." Introduction, 1891, i. 156 ; warships, 157 ; ship boiler 
and protective deck plating, 158 ; ship-plates and shapes, 160 ; protective 
deck plating, 161 ; boiler plate, 162 ; connecting and piston rods, 163 ; 
crank, thrust, and propeller shafts, 163 ; steel casting^, 164 ; armour, 165 ; 
tests of Harvey armour-plate, 171 ; ballistic resistance, 174 ; Bethlehem 
armour, 178 ; ballistic and other tests, 182 ; deck armour-g^n shields, 
186 ; guns, 187 ; British tests for steel for ordnance, 193 ; United States 
tests, 195 ; army tests, 197 ; tests for tubes and jackets, 198 ; tests for 
hoops, 200 ; the Driggs-Schroeder gun, 202 ; gun factories, 203 ; gun 
carriages, 204 ; machine guns and small arms, 205 ; powder, 21 1 ; pro- 
jectiles, 211 ; machine tools, 212 ; torpedoes, 212 ; torpedo boats, 213 ; 
submarine boats, 213; rams, 214; conclusion, 217. — DiMcuttion: Sir 
F. A. Abel, 218 ; Jules Garnier, 21H.—Correipondenc€ : Sir W. H. White, 
219 ; F. Elgar, 222. 

on tests of armour-plates. 1895, i. 484, 485. 



JAQUET, J. B., on iron ore in New South Wales. 1900, ii. 410. 

JARDINE, Adam, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

JARDINE, J., on iron and steel works machinery. 1898, i. 482. 

JARDINE, J. A., on Middlesbrough (Kentucky) coalfield. 1891, i. 297. 

JARDINE, S., on bousing gear for rolling-mills. 1890, i. 308. 

JARMAN, J. L., on manganese ore from Virginia. 1891, i. 266. 

JAROLIMEE, L., on explosives. 1896, i. 375. 

JAROSCHKA, J., on Bohemia coalfields. 1897, i. 369. 

JARYIS, H. W., on blo^ring-engines. 1899, i. 373. 

JASPER, Db., book on piining by. 1890, il 891. 

on petroleum, in Alsace. 1896, i. 333. 



292 6BNERAL INDEX. 

Java, manganeM ore in. 1897, ii. 282. 

JEAN, F., on determination of arsenic. 1892, i. 495. 

JEANS, H., on riveted water-pipe in the United States. 1895, IL 536. 

JEANS, J. S., on coal supply. 1900, ii. 590. 

on danger of using too hard steel rails. 1898, ii. 95. 

on hot-blast valves. 1896, ii. 206. 

on iron market. 1898, i. 582. 

on iron ore supply. 1900, ii. 588. 

on sand on pig iron. 1896, ii. 176. 

r on world's consumption of pig iron. 1899, ii. 527. 

on world's imports and exports. 1900, i. 487. 

on world's iron trade. 1900, ii 629. 

resignation of office of secretary. 1893, i. 8. 



JEANTET on coal in New Caledonia. 1895, i. 323. 

JEFFERIES, John Robert, obituary notice of. 1900, ii. 389. 

JEFFERSON, J. C, on cleaning coal. 1895, i. 381. 

on coal screening. 1894, i. 513. 

JEFFREY, P., on black-damp. 1896. i. 374. 

— on sinking through quicksand. 1894, ii. 349. 

JEKELFALUSSY, J. VON, book on metallurgy by. 1897, i. 627 

.TEKYLL, Colonel H., reception by. 1900, ii. 361. 

JELLER, R., on fire-damp detection. 1897, ii. 358 ; 1898, ii. 448. 

on gas- testers. 1897, i. 431. 

on new gas analysis apparatus. 1898, ii. 565. 

on respiration apparatus. 1898, ii. 449. 

JENCKE on coal and coke. 1899, ii. 508. 

JENEIN, C. F., on artificial gas. 1896, i. 365. 

on electric motors in workshops. 1890, ii. 803. 

JENKINS, David, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

JENKINS, G. E., on iron ore in New Jersey. 1897, ii. 273. 

JENKINS, H. C, on determination of fuel efficiency. 1892, i. 228. 

Paper ''On graphic method for calculating blast-furnace charges or 
burdens," 1891, i. 151. — liemarka: Sir J. Kitson, 155. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 205. 

JENKINS, Sib John J., on manufacture of tin-plates. 1897, ii. 37. 

on tinplate. 1898, ii. 567. 

on world's iron trade. 1900, it 629. 

JENKINS, Lewis, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

JENKINS, R., on compressed air. 1897, i. 418. 

JENKINS, ROBBBT William, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 

JENKINS, Willlam, obituary notice of. 1895, i. 263. 

on Consett Works. 1898, ii. 193. 

JENKINS, William, Jun., elected member. 1895, i. 2. 

JENKS, H. M., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

JENKS, Isaac James, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 311. 

JENKS, J., JuN., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

JENNEY, W. P. , on coal in Dakota. 1900, i. 300. 

JENNINGS, J. C, obituary notice of. 1894, ii. 264. 

JENNISON, W. F., on manganese ore in Nova Scotia. 1899, i. 2«7. 

JENSCH, £., on solubility of basic slag. 1890, i. 325. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace slag. 1895, ii. 483. 



GINEKAL INDKX. 293 

JEREMEIEFF, P., on pseodomorphs of limonite and magnetite. 1896, i. 288, 

ii.87& 
Jbbnkontobbt. 1898, ii. 320. 

conyenazione at. 1898, ii. 263. 

JERVIS, H., on determination of manganese. 1900, ii. 575. 
JERYIS, W., on mines of Elba. 1895, i. 176. 
JESSUF, Alfred E., elected member. 1899, i. 3. 
JEWETT, L. C, on cupola practice. 1900, ii. 509. 

on cupolas. 1897, i. 484. 

on modem foundry practice. 1899, ii. 414. 

on moulding. 1900, i. 364. 

JICINSKY, J., on coal-dust 1895, L 366. 

on coal screening and washing. 1899, ii. 393. 

on descriptions of collieries. 1900, ii. 484. 

on explosives and blasting. 1895, ii. 439 ; 1900, 473. 

on shaft-sinking. 1898, ii. 429. 

on sinking through quicksand. 1895, i. 346. 

on Tirmann detonator. 1894, ii. 361. 

on underground haulage. 1896, i 370. 

on working coal. 1896, ii. 332. 



JICINSKY, W., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601. 

on Austrian collieries. 1899, ii. 390. 

on coke-oTen plant near Dombrau. 1899, ii. 355. 

on coke-oyen plant of Concordia colliery. 1900, ii. 444. 

on Ostrau-Karwin coalfields. 1894, iL 314. 

- on Petrzkowitz collieries. 1897, ii. 313. 

on sinking a deep shaft at Witkowitz. 1892, ii. 393. 



JINKS, THOMAS, on open-hearth continuous steel process. 1900, i. 66. 
JOB, R, on determination of tin in tin-plate. 1899, i. 466. 

on modem rolling-mills. 1900, iL 516. 

JOBSON, Thomas, Jun., elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 

JOCHUM, P., on firecUys. 1895, i. 302, it 384. 

JOKUF, works at. 1900, ii. 368. 

JOHANSSON, K., on basic open-hearth process in Westphalia. 1899, i. 405. 

on iron ore in Russia. 1895, ii. 364. 

JOHN, C. VON, on analyses of Austrian steel. 1898, ii. 504. 

on Austrian coal. 1896, i. 335 ; 1898, ii. 394. 

on Austrian graphite. 1896, i. 326 ; 1898, ii. 384. 

on Austrian pig iron. 1896, i. 419. 

on calorific value of coal. 1893, i. 216. 

on Hungarian iron ore. 1898, ii. 349. 

on iron ores. 1896, L 298. 

on limestones and dolomites. 1896, i. 325. 

on petroleum in Croatia. 1898, ii. 420. 

on petroleum in Hungary. 1898, ii. 420. 

JOHN, David, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 
JOHN, Edwabd Thomas, elected member. 1897, iL 7. 
JOHN, William, obituary notice of. 1891, i. 246. 
JOHNS, Cosmo, elected member. 1898, L 2. 

on ingots for gun-tubes and propeller-shafts. 1900, L 174. 

JOHNS, Pebot, on African coalfields. 1897, L 881, 



294 .OENEUAL INDEX. 

JOHNSON, C, on Btore-plate scrap. 1897, i. 481). 

JOHNSON, E. S., on analysis of iron. 1896, i. 531. 

JOHNSON, F., on manganese deposits of Huelva. 1895, ii. 378. 

JOHNSON, G., on economics of coal-mining. 1899, i. 363, ii. 888 ; 1900, L 340. 

on handling coal. 1899, ii. 396. 

on timbering in mines. 1900, i 329. 

JOHNSON, Guy Roche, elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 

Paper on "The action of metalloids on cast iron," 1896, ii 200; 
chemistry and physics of cast iron, 200 ; influence of carbon, 201 ; 
silicon, 204 ; solphur, 204 ; phosphorns, 206 ; manganese, 206 ; hardneu 
of specimens, 207 ; summary, 207 ; tables, 210. — DUeuuum : H. M. Howe, 
217; G. J. Snelus, 217; G. Ainsworth, 218; J. O. Arnold, 219 ; F. W. 
Harbord, 220 ; W. H. Bleckly, 220 ; H. Bauerman, 221 ; A. Greiner, 221 ; 
A. McWilliam, 223 ; C. P. Sandberg. 226 ; E. P. Martin, 226.— Cbrret- 
pondenee : R. A. Hadfield, 226 ; J. E. Stead, 227 : G. R. Johnson, 228. 

on American blast-furnace practice. 1896, i. 416. 

on explosions in blast-furnaces. 1896, ii. 35H. 

on foundry iron. 1897, i. 685. 

on foundry mixtures. 1897, i. 486. 

on iron ore washing. 1894, i. 427, ii. 302. 

on Longdale iron mines in Virginia. 1891, ii. 147. 

on manganese in cast iron. 1898, ii. 547. 

on sulphur in pig iron. 1897, i. 482. 

on value of metalloids in cast iron. 1898, i. 466. 

JOHNSON, H., on blasting in collieries. 1894, i. 491. 

JOHNSON, Sib H. H., on coal in South Africa. 1897, ii. 319. 

JOHNSON, J., on substitution of steel for timber in mines. 1898, i. 259. 

JOHNSON, J. B., on cast iron. 1894, ii. 452 ; 1890, i. 356. 

on wrought iron. 1897, i. 543. 

JOHNSON, J. E., on iron ore washing. 1898, i. 360. 

on steel for piston rods. 1898, ii. 535. 

JOHNSON, J. E., Jun., on foundry iron. 1900, i. 362. 

JOHNSON, J. T., obituary notice of. 1896, i. 286. 

JOHNSON, S. W., on determination of phosphoric acid. 1894, ii. 498. 

^ on determination of phosphorus. 1892, ii. 525. 

JOHNSON, T., on new explosives. 1898, i. 264. 

JOHNSON, W., on stone drifts. 1897, i. 420. 

JOHNSON, W. H., on influence of pickling on iron. 1896, ii. 580. 

JOHNSON, Walter Lyulph, elected member. 1898, 1. 2. 

Johnson Company's Works. 1890, s. v. 432. 

Johnson steel plant at Lorain. 1895, i. 438. 

JOHNSTON, A. B. C, on handling iron ore. 1900, ii. 421. 

JOHNSTON, Edmund E., elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

on standards for iron analysis. 1899, ii. 481. 

JOHNSTON, James, appointed scrutineer. 1890, i. 1. 

JOHNSTON, R. G., on analysis of iron. 1891, i. 531. 

JOHNSTON, S., on steel castings. 1898, ii. 495. 

JOHNSTON, William Joseph, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 

JOHNSTONE, J., on shaft sinking. 1894, ii. 348. 

Johnstown, Cambria Works at. 1896, i. 468. 

visit to. 1890, s. v. 414. 

Joints, welded. 1898, ii. 477. 



QBNERAL INDSX. 295 

Joists, baaic Bessemer steel. 1898, i. 384. 

JOLLES, A. F., on analysis of basic Bessemer slag. 1892, it 524. 

JOLT, H., book on metallargj by. 1898, i. 583. 

JOKES, Alfred R, elected member. 1894, ii. 3. 

JONES, C, on determination of phosphorus. 1890, ii. 854. 

on foundry iron. 1893, i. 312. 

on magnetisation of iron ore. 1890, ii. 671. 

JONES, Daniel— 

Paper on "The iron industry of South Staffordshire,'^ 1895, ii. 8. — Corre* 
spondenee : G. Addenbrooke, 20 ; Sir D. Dale, 21. 

on puddling. 1895, ii. 60. 

JONES, David, on iron ore in Tasmania. 1898, ii. 359. 
JONES, David (Glamorgan), elected member. 1898, L 2. 

obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 265. 

JONES, D. P., on utilisation of blast-furnace gases. 1898, i. 444. 

JONES, Edward, on working coal. 1899, i. 848. 

JONES, Edward Peter, elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 

JONES, E. T., on magnetic properties of iron. 1897, il 463 ; 1900, iL 543. 

JONES, Frank Yyvyan, elected member. 1895, i 2. 

JONES, James, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 

obituary notice of. 1900, ii. 390. 

JONES, John, obituary notice of. 1898, iL 291. 

JONES, J. A., on CoTadonga manganese district. 1892, ii 330; 1895, ii. 379. 
on iron ore in Spain. 1900, i. 274. 

JONES, J. B., on history of coal-mining. 1900, i. 340. 

JONES, J. H., on coal in the Western United SUtes. 1891, ii, 181. 

JONES, J. R., on a straightening machine. 1892, i. 449. 

JONES, J. T., on Biwabic mine. 1898, ii. 323 ; 1894, i. 415, 

JONES, J. W., on coal in Ohio. 1899, i. 315. 

JONES, L. J. W., on mine pumps. 1898, i. 421. 

JONES, M. v., on spontaneous combustion of coal. 1892, ii. 361. 

JONES, W. R., obituary notice of. 1890, i. 179. 

Jones k Lauohlin's works. 1890, s. ▼. 427. 

JOPLING, J. E., on electric haulage. 1896, ii. 288. 

on iron ore mining. 1897, 1. 360. 

on Lake Superior iron ore. 1898, ii. 860. 

JOPLING, T., obituary notice of. 1894, i. 392. 

JORCEIX, M. H., on coal in BrazU. 1891, i. 299. 

JORDAN, C. H., books on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 639 ; 1896, i. 574. 

JORDAN, Paul, on coal in Japan. 1899, i. 319. . 

on iron ore in Japan. 1899, i. 290. 

JORDAN, R, on screening coal. 1894, ii. 376. 

JORDAN, Samson, obituary notice of. 1900, i. 263. 

on natural gas in Indiana. 1894, ii. 345. 

on roasting ore. 1895, ii. 391. 

on tbermo-chemistry. 1895, ii. 126. 

JORGENSEN, on slag cement. 1897, iL 405. 

JORISSEN, A., on elements of coal. 1898, ii. 406. 

on molybdenum in Belgian coal. 1897, iL 822. 

on rare elements in Li^ge ooaL 1899, 11. 344. 

JOSSA, N. von, on Russian ironworks. 1891, ii. 236. 



296 GBNBKAL INDBX. 

JOSSE, E., on pamping machinery. 1895, iL 44^ 

on Charlottenborg Teohnioal High SoHooL 1899, iL 450. 

J08T, Adolph, elected member. 1894, iL 4. 

obiinary notice of. 1899, i. 265. 

JOTTRAND, F., book on mining by. 1896, i. 575. 

JOUBIN, P., on magnetic qualities of iron and steel. 1894, L 575. 

JOUGHINS, G. R., on metal underframes for rolling-stock. 1894, 1. 566. 

JOTNSON, F., book on metallurgy by. 1892, ii. 554. 

JUOOVIZ, A., book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 539. 

on Styrian ore mountain. 1^4, ii. 276. 

JUKBS-BROWNB, A. J., on Midland coalfield. 1895, L 312. 
JULHIBT, E., on iron manofactore. 1897, i. 451. 
JULIAN, F., on determination of manganese. 1898, ii. 557. 
JULIN, A. VON, elected member. 1898. ii. 5. 
Junction dry dock, Cardiff. 1897, ii. 247. 
JUNG, T., on blast-furnace gas. 1893, i. 291. 

on carbon bricks in the blast-furnace. 1897, i. 475. 

on hot-blast stoves. 1897, L 463. 

on iron trade of Saar and Moselle. 1895, ii. 465. 

on Luxemburg pig irons. 1895, ii. 478. 

on prevention of loss of gas when charging. 1899, i. 368. 

on use of carbon bricks in the blast-furnace. 1891, ii. 240. 

JUNGNER, J. G., on iron ores of Cartagena. 1892, ii. 309. 
jtJNGST, C, on ferro-silicon for foundry use. 1890, i. 299. 

on resistance of iron to oxidation. 1899, i. 456. 

JUNKERS, H., on calorimeter for gas. 1894, ii. 310 ; 1895, L 308. 

jtyPTNER VON JONSTORFF, Babon H., books on metallurgy by. 1891, L 
483 ; 1894, ii. 538 ; 1895, i. 547, 548, ii. 632 ; 1896, ii. 486 ; 1898, i. 583 ; 
1900, ii. 630. 

elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

on analysis of fuel. 1898, i. 420. 

on analysis of iron. 1895, ii. 587. 

on calorimetric measurements. 1897, ii. 306. 

on carbon. 1897, L 556. 

on carbon in iron. 1896, ii. 422, 424. 

on chemical properties. 1898, i. 520. 

on combustion in gas-producers and open-hearths. 1890, ii. 707. 

Pa^er on "The constitution of slags, and the part they play in the 
metallurgy of iron," 1900, ii. 276 ; slags as solutions, 276 ; silicate sls^gs, 
277 ; calculations of P. Gredt, 280 ; temperature, formation, and fusion 
of mono-silicate slags, 281 ; constitution of slags, 283 ; phosphate slags, 
298 ; slag constitution, 307 ; oxide slags, 307 ; mineralogical composition 
of the slag, 310 ; connection which exists between slags and fire-resisting 
materials, 310. 

on determination of aluminium. 1898, i. 413. 

on determination of carbon. 1892, i. 486. 

Paper on *^The determination of hardening carbon and carbide 
carbon,'* 1897, i. 248 ; hardening carbon, 248 ; ordinary carbonic carbon, 
249 ; graphite temper carbon, 249 ; graphite, 249 ; separation of the 
carbide carbon steel, 255; determination of the hardening carbon by 
solution in dilute nitric acid in the cold, 256 ; change in colour, 257*; 
increasing temperatures, 258 ; determination of the carbide carbon by 
the first meth^, 259 ; determination of contents in steel, 261 ; deter- 



GENERAL INDEX. 297 

jCptNER von JONSTORFF, Baron H. {continued)— 

mination of hardening carbon, 262 ; final remarks, 264. — Correspondence : 
H. Kelway-Bamber, 266; R. A. Hadfield, 267 ; F. Osmond, 268; E. H. 
Saniter, 269 ; J. E. Stead, 271. 

on determination of iron. 1894, ii. 497 ; 1896, ii. 446. 

on determination of nickel. 1894, i. 616 ; ii. 495. 

on determination of phospboras. 1894, ii. 489 ; 1895, ii. 59::. 

• on determination of sulphur in iron. 1894, ii. 493. 

on ferro-chromium. 1896, i. 525. 

on fuels. 1891, ii. 168 ; 1894, i. 437 ; 1898, i. 367. 

on gaseous fuel. 1892, ii. 388. 

on heat absorbed in distilling coal. 1892, ii. 347. 

Paper on "The influence of phosphorus on cold-shortness," 1897. i. 224 ; 
previous researches, 224 ; sulphur determinations, 227 ; phosphorus deter- 
minations, 229 ; different modifications of phosphorus, 232 ; Osmond's 
experiments, 233. — Corretpondence : C. H. Ridsdale, 240 ; J. Parry, 242 ; 
F. Osmond, 245 ; J. E. Stead, 246. 

Paper on " The introduction of standard methods of analysis," 1896, 
1. 80 ; examples of analytical differences, 80 ; sources of error, 86 ; gross 
errors in analysis, 86 ; impure reagents, 90 ; errors due to the apparatus, 
90 ; errors due to the operations, 97 ; errors due to the methods, 98 ; 
personal errors, 100 ; errors due to atomic weights used in the calcula- 
tions, 101 ; want of homogeneity of the sample, 104. — IHscutsion : G. J. 
Snelus, 116; Sir W. C. Roberts-Austen, 116; H. Wedding, 117; Sir L. 
Bell, 118, 123; J. E. Stead, 118; J. O. Arnold, 120; R. A. Hadfield, 
120 ; S. Rideal, 121 ; G. Ainsworth, 122.— Correspondence : B. Blount, 
124; W. Galbraith, 126 ; G. S. Packer, 127 ; J. Parry, 129 ; J. Pattinson, 
131 ; C. H. Ridsdale, 132 ; A. E. Tucker, 136. 

on iron carbide. 1897, i. 555. 

on irregularity in samples. 1896, ii. 4.39. 

on manufacture of malleable iron. 1894, ii. 402. 

on mechanical properties of steel. 1896, ii. 404 ; 1900. ii. 548. 



- on open-hearth furnace. 1894, i. 547. 

— on phase-rule. 1900, ii. 332. 

— on pyrometry. 1894, it 310 ; 1897, i. 365. 

— on relation between properties of steel. 1899, i. 428. 

— on Russian coals. 1894, i. 442. 



— on solution theory of carburi.sed iron. 1899, ii. 185. 

— on solution theory of iron. 1899, i. 450 ; 1900, i. 422. 

Paper on "The solution theory of iron and steel," 1898, i. 235 ; condi- 
tions of solubility, 235 ; lowering of the melting-point by carbon and 
silicon, 238 ; the absolute size of the dissolyed carbon and silicon mole- 
cules, 242 ; calculation of the melting temperature, 245 ; calculation of 
the osmotic pressure, 247 ; latent heat of solution of carbon in iron, 254 ; 
general review of the behaviour of iron alloys, 255 ; application of the 
laws of solubility to the reparation of ferrite, cementite, and perlite in 
solid steel, 2Q5,— Correspondence : F. Osmond, 271 ; J. Parry, 272. 

Paper on "The solution theory of iron and steel," 1898, ii 243; 
thermal relations of iron-carbon alloys, 243; freexing-points of fluid 
iron-carbon alloys, 244 ; influence of silicon and manganese on the 
freezing-point of fluid iron -carbon alloys, 250 ; curve of the solid iron- 
carbon alloys, 253. 

Paper on " The solution theory of iron and steel," 1899, i. 204 ; general 
considerations, 204 ; alloys, 209 ; considerations as to the fusion-point 
curve of pure carbide aJloys, 210 ; molecular size of the other dissolved 



298 6ENBKAL INDEX. 

JttPTNER VON JONSTORFF, Babon H. (contMiiKjd)— 

bodies present in iron, 214 ; missing carbon In the oalorimetrio deter- 
mination of carbon, 219 ; influence of dilute nitric acid on ste^ 280 ; 
summary, 230; conclusion, 236. — Correipondenee : F. Osmond, 237; A. 
Stansfield, 237. 

Paper on '* The solution theory of iron and steel," 1900, L 219 ; inveatio 
gation whether the laws of chemical mechanics can be employed in the 
case of the iron-carbon alloys, 219 ; Osmond's experiments, 221 ; mioro- 
graphic composition of samples, 222; application of Roberts-Anstan's 
figures for the alteration in the specific heat of the allotropio forms of 
iron, 227. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1895, ii. 472. 

JUSCHKIN, E., on petroleum in the Caucasus. 1897, ii. 332. 



K. 

KAESTNER, on brown coal production in (Germany. 1897, ii. 524. 

on heating value of coal. 1897, ii. 308. 

on production of coal in Prussia. 1897, ii. 528. 

KAHN, Julius, on handling coal. 1899, i. 367. 
KAIL, J., on differences of iron analyses. 1891, i. 432. 
KAISER, E., on iron ore of the Siebengebirge. 1898, ii. 348. 

on meteoric iron. 1895, ii. 376. 

KAISER, G., book on metallurgy by. 1900, i. 493. 

KALB, C. DE, on records of screening of materials. 1898, ii. 380. 

KALECSINSKY, A., on Hungarian fireclays. 1897, 1. 357. 

KALMAN, S., on determination of chromium. 1898, ii. 537 ; 189i, i. 614. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1894, i. 610. 

KAMENSKY, G., on coal in the Ural. 1898, ii. 395. 
on iron ore in the Ural. 1898, ii. 354. 

Paper on *'The ironworks of South Russia," 1895, ii. 70 ; iron ore, 73; 
coal and coke, 75 ; flux, 78 ; manganese ore, 78 ; fireclay, 79 ; labonr, 79 ; 
Gdantseffsky works, 79 ; Dnieproffsky works, 80 ; Alexandroffsky works, 
84 ; NoTOrossiisk or Hughes works, 87 ; Soulinsky works, 89. — Oorre- 
spondence: V. Latinis, 92. 

on Russian ironworks. 1897, ii. 388 ; 1898, ii. 474. 



KAMMERER, on utilisation of blast-furnace slag. 1900, L 359. 
KAMMERER, H., on safety-lamps. 1893, i. 278 ; 1894, i. 500. 
KAMPS. H., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1900, i. 404. 
Kansas, coal in. 1895, ii. 414 ; 1900, ii. 440. 

coal measures, stratigraphy of. 1896, i. 841. 

mining thin coal seams in. 1892, i. 361. 

natural gas in. 1899, i. 334. 

KANZER, F., on Grottau brown coal mines. 1897, ii. 310. 
Kaolin from Breteuil. 1890, ii. 735. 

from New South Wales. 1890, ii. 735. 

KAPP, G., on magnetic qualities of iron and steel. 1894, i. 573. 

KAPPEN, A. DE, on colliery accidents. 1900, i. 487. 

KARL, H., on enamelling iron. 1891, ii. 298. 

KARLIK, J., on registering speed of blowing-engines. 1899, ii. 442. 

KARNASCH, P., on manufacture of magnesia bricks. 1892, ii. 345. 



GENERAL INDEX. '299 

Kabwin collieries. 1882, i. 322. 

collieries, pumps for. 1881, L 328. 

collieries, re-opening. 1885, i. 378. 

KAS, A., on devices for preventing over- winding. 1882, ii. 384 ; 1888^ 1. 253. 

KASE, J. D., on early iron making in the United States. 1885, ii. 477. 

KAST, H., on composition of petroleum. 1882, ii. 380. 

on Egyptian petroleum. 1880, ii. 702. 

KATO, T., on magnetic properties. 1888, ii. 528. 

KATONA, Louis— 

Paper on " Suggestions for the improvement of rolling-mills," 1800, ii. 
259 ; defect of the present system of rolling-mill plant, 280 ; suggestions 
for improvements, 268 ; advantages of suggested improvement, 269. — 
DUcuuum: E. P. Martin, 271 ; S. S. Horsfield, 271. 

KATTWINEEL, M., on Capell fan at Berge-Borbeck. 1881, i. 384. 
KATZER, F., book on mining by. 1800, ii. 632. 

on anthracite deposits of Badweis. 1895, i. 314. 

on iron ore in Bosnia. 1800, ii. 404. 

on iron ores in the lower Amazon district. 1888, ii. 365. 

on manganese ore of the Amazon. 1898, i. 355. 

KAUFMANN, L., on utilisation of fine coal. 1889, ii. 394. 
KAUSCH, L., on mine timber. 1898, i. 409. 
KAY, S. R., on subsidence caused by mining. 1899, i. 358. 
Kaylebbach Valley, iron ores of. 1885, i. 276. 
KAYLL, A. C, on new explosives. 1894, i 491. 
KAYSER, H. W. F., on mine timber. 1898, ii. 434. 
EAYSSER, A., on acid Bessemer process. 1882, iL 459. 

on calcium and magnesium in pig iron. 1892, ii. 438. 

on iron ore deposits of Santander. 1898, ii. 357. 

KEAN, J., on electric mining signals. 1890, ii. 726. 
KEBLER, E. A., on pipe-founding. 1900, ii. 509. 
KEBLER, Julian A., elected member. 1898, i. 2. 
KEEN, ABTHUR, address of welcome by. 1895, ii. 3. 

elected member of Council. 1891, i, 7. 

elected Vice-President. 1895, ii. 94. 

resolution by. 1896, i. 14. 

votes of thanks by. 1895, i. 11 ; 1897, ii. 181. 

KEEN, ABTHUR T., elected member. 1894, i. 2. 
KEEN, Fbancis W., elected member. 1894, i. 2. 
KEEN, J., book on mining by. 1898, i. 584. 

on shaft-sinking. 1898, ii. 429 ; 1899, i. 335 ; 1900, i. 321, it 463. 

KEEP, William J., book on metallurgy by. 1898, 1. 447. 
elected member. 1895, ii. 6. 

Paper on "Aluminium in carbonised iron," 1890, L 112; Keep's tests 
relative, 112; records of tests made, 112; diagrams of results, 118; 
definition of rigidity, 114; of elasticity, 115 ; ex^riments with remelted 
wrought iron and aluminium, 116 ; with steel, white cast iron, and grey 
cast iron, 117 ; various tests, 118 ; effect of aluminium, 118 ; conclusions, 
120.— />i«eii«8um; J. Riley, 121 ; J. W. Spencer, 123; Sir L. Bell, 124; 
A. H. Allen, 124 ; E. Riley. 126 ; J. E. Stead, 127 ; R. A. Hadfield, 128 ; 
W. Oalbraith, 130 ; Sir J. KiUon, 132 ; W. J. Keep, 132. 

on aluminium in cast iron. 1890, i. 292. 

on American foundries. 1899, ii. 414. 



300 GENERAL INDEX. 

KEEP, William J., on oast iron. 1895, ii. 552 ; 1897, i. 534 ; 1896, L 6ia 

on constraction and management of cupolas. 1898, ii. 446. 

Paper on *< Ck)oling carves and tests for cast iron," 1896, ii. 227; ocmb- 
mittee on nnifonn standards, 227 ; decrease of shrinkage dne to ineraaae 
of silicon, 227 ; Keep's cooling corves, 229 ; autographic apparatoa, 229 ; 
cnrves for cast iron, 230 ; change from combined to graphite carbon, 233 ; 
change from hard to soft iron, 233 ; temperature which produces the ex- 
pansion, 234 ; curves from reheated rolled steel, 235 ; practical applica- 
tion of cooling curves, 236; transverse strength of cast iron, 287. — 
Carretpondenee : R. A. Hadfield, 241 ; G. C. Henning, 242 ; F. Osmond, 
247. 

on foundry appliances. 1900, i. 360. 

on manganese in cast iron. 1891, iL 247. 

on moulding. 1898, ii. 483. 

on phosphorus in cast iron. 1890, 1. 291. 

on recovering iron from cupola slag. 1898, ii. 480. 

on shrinkage of iron castings. 18^, i. 471. 

on silicon in foundry mixtures. 1892, ii. 442. 

on stove-moulding. 1894, ii. 398. 

on sulphur in pig iron. 1898, ii. 440. 

on testing cast iron. 1898, i. 371 ; 1894, ii. 458 ; 1896, ii. 468 ; 1896, 



ii. 533. 

on testing metals. 1900, i. 414. 



Keeping iron-mine accounts. 1898, ii. 375. 

open haulage roads. 1892, ii. 399. 

KEIGHLBY, F. C, on beehive ovens. 1898, ii. 412 ; 1900, i. 303, ii. 444. 

on fire-damp. 1896, it 336. 

on history of coal-mining. 1900, ii. 4H2. 

on manufacture of coke. 1899, i. 327. 

KEITH, A. S., on use of blast-furnace gas. 1896, i. 407 ; 1897, i. 457. 
KELLEN, T., on brown coal in Bohemia. 1900, ii. 433. 

on iron ore in Luxemburg. 1900, ii. 612. 

KELLETT, W., on washing of Furness ore. 1899, ii. 382. 
KELLY, W., on a mine dam. 1897, ii. 290. 

on mine drainage. 1900, i. 284. 

on mining in Lake Superior District. 1900, i. 286. 

on sinking through wet gravel and quicksand. 1892, i. 290. 

Kelly's milling machine. 1892, ii. 467. 
KELVIN, Lord, on world's fuel. 1897, ii. 548. 

speeches by. 1895, L 259 ; 1900, i. 245. 

KEMERY, P., on determination of tungsten. 1894, i. 614. 

KEMP, J. F., books on mining by. 1898, ii. 563 ; 1895, ii. 633 ; 1900, i. 495. 

on genesis of ore deposits. 1900, i. 266. 

on lower coal measures of Pennsylvania. 1896, ii. 355. 

on magnetites in New York. lB0f7, i. 342. 

on nickel ore deposits. 1895, i. 291. 

on ore deposits of United States. 1894, i. 414 ; 1895, ii. 370. 

on titaniferous iron ores of the Adirondacks. 1900, ii. 413. 

on titaniferous magnetites. 1899, ii. 307. 

KEMPSON, J. F., on sulphate of ammonia from blast-furnaces. 1897, L 

297. 
KENDAL, R., elected member. 1896, i. ». 



GBNERAL INDBX. 301 

' KENDALL, J. D., book on mining by. 1898, i. 451. 

on cost of working iron ore. 1898, L 201. 

on iron ore deposits. 1898, ii. 309. 

on iron ores of Great Britain. 1898, i. 178. 

on iron ores of Spain. 1892, ii. 309. 

on miss-fires. 1894, ii. 299. 

on Salter, Eskett, and Winder Gill hematite deposits. 1894, ii 276. 

KENDALL, P. F., on origin of coal. 1900, ii. 482. 
Kendall k Gent's Works. 1899, ii. 284. 
KBNERSON, W. H., on testing metals. 1900, i 414. 
KENNARD, H. J., obituary notice of. 1896, ii. 259. 

on President's address. 1898, L 44. 

KENNEDY. A. B. W., on steam-boiler experiments. 1890, iL 680. 
KENNEDY, H., on a gas regulating and cut off valve. 1891, ii. 199. 

on new forms of coke oven. 1892, ii. 374. 

KENNEDY, John Stuabt, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 

on apparatus for breaking pig iron. 1894, ii. 888. 

on blast-furnaces in Alabama. 1897, iL 389. 

on blowing in of a blast-fumace. 1892, ii. 429. 

on brown haematite. 1898, i. 351. 



- on dynamite. 1896, i. 406. 

- on manufacture of iron. 1896, i. 400. 

- on saving of by-products. 1896, ii. 814. 
on washing iron ore. 1894, ii. 302. 



KENNEDY, Julian, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

on American blast-furnaces. 1890, ii. 61. 

on apparatus for handling ingots. 1891, i. 406. 

on blowing engines. 1893, ii. 437 ; 1894, i. 526. 

on caustic lime in blast-furnace. 1894, ii. 59. 

on hot-blast stoves. 1896, i. 408 ; 1897, i. 465. 

on hot-blast valves. 1900, i. 351. 

KENNEDY, R., on electricity in mining. 1896, i. 372, ii. 327. 
KENNEDY, William, on blast-furnace filling apparatus. 1899, 11 400. 

on iron ores of East Texas. 1894, il 288. 

on manufacture of iron in the United States. 1895, i. 400. 

on steel rails. 1900, ii. 560. 

KENNEDY, William (Glasgow), elected member. 1890, ii. 16. 

obituary notice of. 1899, ii. 294. 

Kennbdy-Aitken hydraulic crane. 1890, i. 339. 
KENRIGK, J. P., on sinking shafts. 1897, ii. 340. 
KENSINGTON, F., on transporting iron ore in Spain. 1894, ii. 301. 
KENT, W., book on metallurgy by. 1895, i. 64a 

on American blast-furnaces. 1890, ii. 67. 

on calorimetry. 1900, i. 292, ii. 428. 

on energy in fuel gas. 1900, ii. 460. 

on heating value of coal. 1892, i. 310 ; 1898, i 871. 

on testing the relative values of different coals. 1890, iL 679. 

on West Virginia coal. 1896, i. 342. 

Kent, coal in. 1897, L 366, 410 ; 1899, i. 308, ii 342. 

iron ore in. 1899, ii. 308. 

ironworks in. 1895, ii. 477. 



302 GENERAL INDEX. 

Kentish coalfield, 1891, ii. 174 ; 1892, i. 321 ; 1897, ii. 309 

Kentucky, bitaminoaH rock in. 1897, i. 492. 

coal, coke from. 1890, i. 236, ii. 697 ; 1893, i. 237. 

coal of. 1896, L 341. 

iron ores of. 1890, s. v. 81 ; 1892, i. 278. 

Middlesbrough coalfield in. 1891, i. 297. 

KEPPEN. A. DB, book on metoliargy by. 1894, ii. 538. 

on coal indastry. 1891, i. 462. 

on iron indnstry of Ra88ia. 1894, ii. 521. 

KER, T., on steel sleepers. 1890, ii. 808. 

KERL, B., book on metallargy by. 1894, ii. 538. 

KERN, Seboius, on analysis of Russian tire steel. 1892, ii. 473. 

on cement steels. 1896, ii. 373. 

on crucible steel in Russia. 1892, i. 427. 

on crucible steel ingots for tool manufacture. 1895, i. 430. 

on cracible steels. 189S, ii. 503 ; 1896, ii. 374. . 

Paper on " Manufacture of steel projectiles in Russia," 189S, i. 194. 
—Correapondejiee : L. Cubillo, 196 ; R A. Hadfield, 199 ; a Kern, 201. 

on steel castings. 1893, i. 352 ; 1896, i. 444 ; 1898, ii. 516. 

on use of aluminium. 1895, i. 430. 

on Walrand-Legenisel process. 1896, i. 453. 

KERPELY, Anton von, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 

on calcining iron ore. 1897, i. 356. 

on Hungarian iron ore. 1897, i. 326. 

KERR, C. v., on calorific value of coal. 1899, i. 3(M). 

on calorimetry. 1900, ii. 428. 

KERR, G. L., book on mining by. 1900, ii. 632. 

on mine drainage. 1899, ii. 380. 

on mine timber. 1899, i. 343. 

KERR, James, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

on puddling. 1895. ii. 54 ; 1896, i. 432. 

on small ingots. 1895, ii. 218. 

KERSHAW, Charles Samuel, elected member. 1895, ii. 7. 

KERSHAW, J. B. C, on Stassano method of iron manufacture. 1900, ii. 514. 

KERSTEN, J., on pyrometry. 1898. ii. 390. 

on underground haulage. 1897, ii. 346 ; 1900, i. 326. 

KESTEVEN. F.. on winding appliances. 1899, i. 336. 

KESTRANEK, William, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 

KETTE, H., on Bentheim-Ochtrup clay ironstone deposits. 1898, ii. 348. 

on rock temperature in Ruhr coalfield. 1900, ii. 436. 

on yentilation of collieries. 1899, ii. 382. 

KEY, A. Cooper, on ancient mining. 1896, ii. 289. 

on explosives and blasting. 1899, i. 347. 

KEYES, C. R., on fireclay in Missouri. 1897, ii. ;KX). 

on genesis of ore deposits. 1900, ii. 402. 

on Kansas coal. 1895, ii. 414 ; 1900, iL 44U. 

on trans-Mississippian coal. 1898, i. 377 ; 1900, ii. 440. 

Keystone saw, tool, and file works. 1890. s. v. 410. 

KHUDINTZOV, Captain, on coal in the Donetz basin. 1899, if. 345. 

KHUN, R., on safety -catches for mining cages. 1894, i. 484. 

KIBBEE, W. P., on early iron ore mining in Michigan. 1896, ii. 289. 



GENERAL IKDKX. 303 

KIDD, Hkkbt Chablsb, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 

KIDD, John, elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

KIDD, W., on otilisation of blast-famace slag. 1892, i. 410. 

KIDSON, R., on flora of coal measures. 1900, ii. 430. 

KiBSBLOUHB fire-bricks. 1891, ii. 165. 

KIESEWETTBR, on fireclay. 1899, i. 304. 

KIESSELBACH, C, on electric transmission of power. 1898, i. 409. 

on German rolling-mills. 1898, ii. 493. 

on rolling-mill engines. 1899, ii. 422, 423 ; 1900, i. 372. 

Kiev Bridge, ingot iron from the. 1890, i. 345. 
KiiBUNAVAABA ezcursion. 1898, ii 272. 

iron ore deposit. 1898, ii. 111. 

KILLIBREW, J. B,, on western iron ore belt of Tennessee. 1891, ii. 1 45. 
Kiln for iron ores. 1891, ii. 163 ; 1894, i. 428. 

Hoffmann's, adapted for annealing wire. 1890, ii. 804. 

Kilns, calciniog, incline truck drop for. 1892, i. 305. 

charcoal. 1896, i. 347. 

KILPATRICK, A. B., moulding machine by. 1896, i. 428. 
KIMBALL, J. P., on genesis of iron ores. 1892, L 264. 

on magnetic belt in North Carolina. 1898, i. 346. 

on magnetite in British Columbia. 1898, i. 343. 

on siderite basins of the Hudson River epoch. 1891, i. 256. 

KIN AH AN, H., on iron ore measures of Antrim. 1894, i. 402. 
KINDER, C. W., on coal-mining in China. 1891, i. 324. 

on determination of zinc. 1896, ii. 452. 

KINDL, F. H., on manufacture of structural steel. 1900, i. 393. 
KING, A., on safety in coal-mining. 1891, ii. 227. 
KING, F. B., on corrosion of iron and steel. 1894, ii. 479. 
KING, G. W., on first aid in mining accidents. 1897, ii. 292. 
KING, Hknky Cuables, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

on a portable recorder for tests of metals. 1897, ii. 171. 

KING, W., on coal in India. 1893, ii. 352. 

Kino of Sweden, acknowledging address of welcome. 1898, ii. 232. 

elected honorary member. 1899, i. 5. 

toast proposed by. 1898, ii. 271. 

visit of. 1898, ii. 232. 

KINGSTON, C. B., on International colliery. Cape Breton. 1892, i. 384. 

KINNICUTT, L. P., on fireclay. 1892, i. 306. 

KINTZL^, F., on basic process. 1890, iL 791 ; 1897, it 436. 

on iron industry of United States. 1894, il 528. 

on longitudinal and transverse strength of mild steel. 1898, ii. 49K 

on testing of ingot metal. 1892, ii 493. 

on use of ingot metal. 1898, i. 381. 

on works laboratories. 1897, ii. 495. 

KINZER, C, on rock drills. 1898, ii. 373. 
KIPLING, RUDTABD, on coal-mining in India. 1900, i. 342. 
KIRBY, E. B., on measuring ore bodies. 1897, i. 853. 
KiBBY colliery, surface plant at. 1897, i. 443. 
KIRCHER, F., on china clay. 1894, ii. 394. 

KIRCHHOFF, C, on cost of iron manufacture in United States. 
L503. 




304 OBinEBAL INDEX. 

KIRCHHOFF, C, on iron timd« of United SUt«s. 1900, L 484. 

Secretary of New York Reception Committee. 1880, s. ▼. 495. 

KIRCHNER, W., books on metaUargy by. 1891, L 488 ; 1888, it 599. 
Kirghiz Steppes, coal in. 1897, L 378. 

KIRK, A., on explosives and blasting. 1898, ii. 438. 
KTRK, E., book on metallurgy by. 1899, ii. 580. 

on copola practice. 1896, iL 360 ; 1899, L 885. 

on flojces. 1894, i. 537. 

on foundry iron. 1900, i. 362. 

on influence of silicon on iron. 1894, i. 583. 

KIRK, H., on puddling. 1895, ii 58. 

KIRKCALDY, W. G., book on metallurgy by. 1891, L 483. 

on steel rails. 1899, i. 440. 

KIRKHAM, William, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 
KIRKHOUSE, Herbkbt, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 
KIRKLAND, J. W., on underground haulage. 1899, ii. 372. 
KIRKPATRICK, W. P., elected member. 1895, i. .3. 
KIRKUP, A., on accidents in mines. 1896, L 380. 
KIRKUP, J. P., on fire-bricks. 1898, ii. 384. 

on Singareni coalfield. 1894, i. 447. 

KIRSCH, B., on testing iron. 1898, iL 532. 
KIRSCH, Dr., on elasticity. 1888, ii. 532. 

KIRSCHNER, L., books on mining by. 1895, ii. 532 ; 1888, i. 585. 

on wire rOpes. 1898, i. 404. 

KIRTLAND, A. P., on coal in Pennsylvania. 1899, ii. 349. 
K1SLAK0WSKY, G. D., on the Turgaisk meteorites. 1891, iL 149. 

KI84LING, R., on petroleuuL 1898, ii. 372 ; 1896, i. 355, ii. 315 ; 1897. L 404, 
ii. 329. 

on world's output of petroleum. 1899, ii. 528. 

KITSON, A., on fuelgas. 1892, ii. 387. 

on new gas-producers. 1896, ii. 320. 

on producer-gas in the foundry. 1895, ii. 428. 

KITSON, Sib Jaues, acknowledgment of vote of thanks by. 1890, L 159; 
1891, L 17. 

address as I'resident at New York meeting, 1890, ii. 4 ; origin of 



lution to hold meeting in the United States, 4 ; the United States 
producer of iron, 5 ; the hereditary principle, 5 ; Mr. Cobden's forecast 
as to the United States, 6 ; education, 7 ; early history of the Iron and 
Steel Institute, 7 ; its first Presidents, 8 ; advance of the steel manafac- 
ture, 9 ; production of basic steel, 9 ; early treatment of American Iron 
trade by Britain, 10 ; consumption of iron per capita, 11 ; conclusion, 11. 

address as President at Pittsburgh, at the International meeting, 

1890, ii. 391 ; cosmopolitan character of the Iron and Steel Institute, 
391 ; English inventions and inventors, 392 ; margin for economy in 
fuel consumption, 392; the steam-hammer and the forging-press, 393; 
Sir Henry Bessemer's invention, 393 ; the Siemens-Martin and Besaemer 
processes, 393 ; shipbuilding, 394 ; basic slag as a manure, 395 ; state- 
ment by Arthur Cooper, 395 ; iron and aluminium, 396 ; alloys of 
metal and steel, 397 ; nickel armour-plates, 398 ; tempering, hardening, 
and annealing, 398 ; conclusion, 399. 

appointed representative of Institute. 1898, i. 11. 

elected to Board of Imperial Institute. 1892, i. G. 

on American blast-furnaces. 1890, ii. 72. 



GENERAL INDEX. 305 

KITSON, Sib J., on alaminiam. 1890, i. 132. 

on aluminium steel. 1890, ii. 197. 

on danger of using too hard steel rails. 1898, ii. 83. 

on development of Swedish iron industry. 1898, it 29. 

on new form of Siemens furnace. 1890, i. 33. 

on President's address. 1893, i. 42. 



- on wear of metal. 1890, ii 272. 



on welding by electricity. 1890, il. 248. 

preface by, to American volume. 1890, s. v. 

presentation of Bessemer medal to Hon. A. S. Hewitt. 1890, ii. S6. 

proposing adoption of report of CounciL 1891, i. 11. 

Royal Commissioner at Paris Exhibition. 1900, ii. 357. 

speeches by. 1895, i. 259 ; 1898, i. 294, ii. 206 ; 1900, i. 242. 



- - — toast by. 1899, i. 248. 

votes of thanks by. 1890, i. 79, 96, 157 ; 1891, i. 56 ; 1896, i. 62. 

votes of thanks to. 1890, i. 168, ii. 273 ; 1892, ii. 279. 

work done by. 1899, i. 37. 

KiTSON gas-producer. 1897, ii. 338. 

KJELLBERG, Jonas C, elected member. 1895, ii. 7. 

Hon. Secretary of Reception Committee, Stockholm. 1898, ii. 263. 

KJELLBERG, N.. on analyses of pig iron. 1890, ii. 758. 

on chrome iron ore lining. 1890, i. 218. 

on comparative statistics. 1897, i. 623. 

on Grangesberg iron ore. 1891, i. 253. 

on phosphorus in the blast-furnace. 1893, i. 307. 

on Swedish statistics. 1897, i. 612. 

on use of magnesite for basic linings. 1890, i. 315. 



KLAASSEN, H. G., on magnetic qualities of iron. 1898, ii. 494. 
Kladno Colliery, pumping machinery at. 1891, ii. 218. 

new blast-furnace plant at. 1895, ii. 463. 

pig iron. 1899, i. 384. 

works, basic^Bessemer process at. 1890, i. 323. 

works, basic open-hearth process at. 1890, i. 314. 

KLASEN, L., book on metallurgy by. 1896, i. 574. 
KLATTE, O., on manufacture of tubes. 1899, i. 417. 

on weldless chains. 1894, ii. 430 ; 1896, i. 477 ; 1897, ii. 443. 

KLEIN, Jacob, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 
KLEIN, P., on Imperatori open-hearth method. 1898, 1. 487. 
KLEIN, W., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 552. 
KLEMENCIC, I., book on metallurgy by. 1892, ii. 554. 

on magnetic properties of iron. 1894, ii. 444 ; 1895, i. 458 ;:1896, i. 491, 

KLEMENT, C, on formation of dolomite. 1895, ii. 396. 
KLEY, W., book on metallurgy by. 1899. ii. 530. 
Kley pump. 1899, i. 301. 
KLEYE, F., on coal in Sumatra. 1892, ii. 362. 

on magnesite in the Ural. 1891, i. 275. 

KLOBUKOWSKI, on Japanese iron trade. 1896, L 562. 
KLOCKMANN, F., on manganese ore in France. 1900, ii. 416. 

on manganese ore in Huelva. 1897, ii. 281. 

KLOES, VAN DEB, on painting iron. 1898, i. 527. 
KLONNE, F. W., on mine pumps. 1899, i. 353. 

U 



306 GENERAL INDEX. 

KLOOS, J. H., on coal in Hungary. 1897, ii. 311. 
KLOSE, on coal-outting machinery. 1895, ii. 441. 

on cretaceoQS coal in North America. 1894, ii. 328. 

on hand-boring machines. 1894, ii. 357. 

on screening coal. 1894, ii. 376. 

on shaft sinking. 1896, ii. 430 ; 1896, i. 367. 

on State supervision of collieries. 1894, ii. 532. 

on ventilating appliances. 1894, ii. 367. 

KLOSTERMANN. R., book on mining by. 1898, i. 451. 
KNAB, L., book on metallurgy by. 1898, i. 449. 

book on mining by. 1894, i. 650. 

on pyrometry. 1890, i. 219. 

KNAFF, A., on pig iron mixers. 1896, i. 454. 
KNAPP, M. A., on Nevada coalfield. 1897. i. 385. 
ENAUDT, 0., on results of mechanical tests. 1897, ii. 468. 

on welded joints. 1894, ii. 460. 

KNETT, J., on artificial specular iron ore. 1896, ii. 275. 
KNIFTON, Chableb, elected member. 1895, it 7. 
KNIGHT, S. a, on carbon. 1897, i. 658. 

on changes in cupola-melted iron. 1898, i. 467. 

on iron ore in Ohio. 1900, i. 277. 

on iron pipe-founding. 1897, ii. 413. 

on metallography. 1898, ii. 527. 



KNIGHT, W. C. on petroleum in Wvoming. 1896, ii. 317 ; 1897, ii. 335 ; 

1900, ii. 456. 

on Salt Creek oilfield. 1896. i. 360. 

KNOEPPEL, J. C, on moulding. 1898, i. 471. 
KNOKE, J. O., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 551. 

on wrought iron in machine construction. 1897, it 442. 

KNORRE, VON, on new gas analysis apparatus. 1899, i. 470. 
KNOTT, C. G., on magnetic qualities of iron and steel. 1894, i. 574. 
KNOWLES, F. K., on permeability of steel-melting crucibles. 1897, i. 77. 

See J. 0. Arnold. 
KOBRICH, on deep boring. 1896, i. 366. 

on temperature measurements. 1893, ii. 386. 

KOCH, G. A., on natural gas. 1893, ii. 380. 

KOCH, K. L., on scaffolding in the blast-furnace. 1898, ii. 461. 

KOCH, W. E., on corrosion of wrought iron and steel. 1896, ii. 428. 

on gas-producers. 1894, i. 477. 

on segregation in steel. 1893, i. 390. ^ 

. on Siemens process of steel-making. 1896, ii. 505. 

on testing iron and steel. 1892, i. 471. 



KOCKUM, Franz Henrik, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 
KOE, S. L., obituary notice of. 1899, i. 26(5. 
KOEPE, F., on underground haulage. 1896, i. 371, ii. 326. 
KOEPE system of winding. 1892, i. 346. 

KOEPPER, G., books on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. 599 ; 1899, ii. 530. 
KOEPSEL, A., on magnetic properties of iron. 1894, ii. 443. 
KOERTE, C, on coal-cutting machinery. 1899, ii. 374. 

KOHLER, G., books on mining by. 1892, ii. 556; 1897, i. 629, ii. 562; 
1898, i. 585 ; 1900, i. 494. 



GENERAL INDEX. 307 

KOHLER, G., on iron ore in Siegen. 1899, ii. 311. 
KOHLER, R., book on metallargj by. 1898, i. 449. 
KOHLMANN, W., on iron ore deposits of Lorraine. 1898, ii. 845. 
KOHLMORGEN, on asphalt and petroleum in Pern. 1891, ii. 195. 
KOHOUT, J., on Heinrich shaft of Monnich Colliery, Karwin. 1894, i. 481. 

on pumping at the Karwin colliery. 1891, i. 328. 

on shaft-sinking. 1899, i. 336. 

KOJER, K., on sampling iron ore. 1895, ii. 391. 
KOLLER, M., book on mining by. 1898, i. 585. 
KOLLMANN, W., on fleets of the world. 1900, i. 488. 
KONIG, a., on coal in Dalmatia. 1900, i. 295. 
KONIG, J., on analysis of basic slag. 1893, i. 420. 

on mine water from collieries. 1894, ii. 365. 

KONINCK, L. L. db, on determination of silicon. 1894, i. 614. 

on determination of slag in puddled iron. 1894, ii. 496. 

on determination of sulphur. 1896, i. 512, ii. 597. 

KONSGHIN, A., on petroleum in the Caucasus. 1895^ ii. 424; 1897, ii. 

332. 
KOPKE, M., on influence of extreme cold on ingot iron. 1892, ii. 487. 
KOPMAYER, H., on protection of puddlers from heat. 1890, iL 765. 
EORB, F. F., on casting ingots. 1898, i. 332. 

on graphite for crucibles. 1890, i. 216. 

on iron trade of Sweden. 1899, i. 500. 

on soundness of crucible steel. 1894, i. 582. 

on Styrian open-hearth steel. 1890, i. 314. 

Korea, coal-mining in. 1898, i. 553. 

KORTING, J., on petroleum motors. 1899, ii. .362. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1899, ii. 405 ; 1900, i. 355. 

on water gas. 1900, ii. 460. 

KOSAKEVITZ, p., on petroleum in manufacture of sheet iron. 1899, ii. 

362. 
KOSMANN, B., book on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 891. 

on Bentheim-Ochtrup clay ironstone deposits. 1898, ii. 348. 

on burning fine coal. 1896, ii. 456 ; 1896, i. 389. 

on chrome iron ore in Lower Silesia. 1898, i. 200. 

on clay ironstone. 1898, i. 340. 

on composition of blast-furnace slags. 1892, i. 408. 

on corrosion of iron. 1898, i, 899. 

on elimination of sulphur from pig iron. 1891, ii. 248. 

on separation of iron and aluminium. 1898, ii. 538. 

KOSUGI, Tatsuzo, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

KOTSOWSKY, N., on fire-damp explosions. 1895, ii 446 ; 1900. ii 47«.». 

KOTTE, F., on chemical classification of coal. 1900, ii. 429. 

on Rontgen rays in fuel examination. 1900, i. 442. 

KOTTGEN, C, on winding engines. 1896, i. 370. 
KOUTIM, iron ore deposit of. 1892, ii. 309. 
KOVALEWSKI, V. J., on coal in Russia. 1897, ii. 533. 

on petroleum. 1897, i. 492 ; 1898, i. 670. 

KOVAR, F., on graphite. 1898, ii. 384 ; 1900, i. 291. 

on ilmenite from Russia. 1900, i. 274. 

on Moravian fireclay, 1899, ii. 337. 



308 GEKERAL I5DEX. 

KOWABSKT, J., on iron mdustrr in Poland. 18B7, L 609. 

on iron industry of the Und. 1897, L 473. 

on iron trade at Nishnij-Novgorod Bxfaibition. 1886, it 476L 

on Rnaian firedajiw 1887, L 358. 

on Boscian iron ore. 1887, L 336L 

on Bnasian pig iron. 1896, iL 357. 



KOWATSCH, A., on Westphalian coalfield. 1897, i 37a 
KOZIOROWSKI. K., on fajalite crystals in slag. 1890, 1 294. 
KOZOFFSEI, N., on manganese ore in Bossia. 1891. L 266. 
KRAFT, J., on ironworks of the Rhine prorinces. 1891, L 351. 
Krajt blast-furnaces. 1897, ii. 387. 

ironworks near Stettin. 1899. iL 407. 

ironwo^s, ore cnloading plant at the. 1898, iL 376. 

KRA3f £R. G., on origin of petroleam. 1900, L 307. 
KRAPOTKIK, PbDiCE, on meteorites. 1900, L 279. 
KRASSNEGG. P., book on mining by. 189SL ii 555. 
KRAUSE, on manafaccore of Ifannesmann tabes. 1892, L 446. 
KRAUSE. 3f .. on impregnation process for timber. 1899, i. 300. 
KRAUSE, R., on accidents in iron-smelting. 1900. L 462. 

KRAWTZOFF, H., on hanging of charges in the Uast-famace. 1898, i. 

297. 
KREISS. K.. on new form of open-hearth. 1890, ii. 7^2. 
KREPLER, on ezplosires and blasting. 1899, L 347. 
KRETSCHMER, F., on Bencisch iron ore mines. 1894, i. 403. 

on graphite. 1897, ii. 302. 

on magnetite in Aastria. 1897. ii. 26>. 

KRECSSER, H., book on metallurgy by. 1893, iL 562. 
KREUTZ, on lighting of coUieries. 1900, L 33S. 
KbeuzbubgerhCtte ironworks. 1896, iL 475. 
KREUZPOINTNER P., on alloys of iron and cbromiam. 1892. ii. 156. 

on crystallisation of iron. 1894, iL 445. 

on Devonian iron ores ic Moravia. 1899. ii. 309. 

on elastic limit. 1897, ii. 467. 

on fatigue of metals. 1895. ii. 556. 

on firebox steel. 1897. L 544. 

on flow of metals. 1890, ii. .S31. 

on flow of metals and its relation to testing. 1891. L 418. 

on influence of the size of test -pieces. 1896, iL 407. 

on microscopical structure of iron and steel. 1892, ii. 4^6. 

on mild steel for fire-boxes. 1897, ii. 477. 

on reduction of area as a measure of quality. 1891, L 420. 

on standardising testing. 1897. L 532. 

on steel for boilers. 1890, L 345. 

on steel waggon axles. 1892, L 456. 

on testing. 1898, L 513 ; 1898, ii. 533. 

on testing steel axles. 1892, i. 473. 

on yield point. 1897, i. 536. 

KKIFKA, H., elected member. 1893, L 2. 
KRIJANOWSKI, W., on meteorites. 1897, i. 347; 1899, L 29a 
Km vol ROG, iron ore deposits of. 1896. ii. 364 ; 1898, ii. 351. 
KROHX, book on mining by. 1893, ii. 563. 



QBNEUAL INDEX. 309 

KROHN, R., on modern Grerman bridge constroction. 1899, i. 418. 

on use of steel in bridge construction. 1892, i. 475. 

KROM, S. R., on comminution of iron ores. 1892, ii. 337. 

KROSEBERG, C, on by-product coke-ovens. 1898, ii. 417. 

KROUPA, G., on removing slag from blast-furnaces. 1896, ii. 359. 

on sampling in the United States. 1895, i. 300. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace elag. 1900, ii. 508. 

KRUG, W. H., on determination of ferric oxide. 1892, ii. 522. 

on determining iron in presence of phosphoric acid. 1892, i. 492. 

KRUGER, R, book on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 486. 

KRUPP, A., book on metallurgy by. 1894, i. 649. 

Kbupp gun, largest in the world. 1890, i. 347. 

Kbupp works. 1899, ii. 508 ; 1900, ii. 610. 

KUBALE, on coke-making in Durham. 1895, ii. 419. 

KUCZERA, E., on effect of cold on iron and steel. 1898, ii. 490. 

KUHN, on lighting of collieries. 1900, i. 339. 

KULIBIN, S., on mineral statistics of Russia. 1891, ii. 352; 1898, i. 
433. 

KiJNKLER, A., on Egyptian petroleum. 1890, iL 702. 

KUNTZ, J., on coal in the Transvaal. 1897, i. 381. 

KUNTZE, on Mitis castings. 1893, ii. 476. 

KUNZ, G. F., on meteorites. 1891, i. 262 ; 1892, ii. 325, 327 ; 1898, i. 197. 

KUNZ, W., on magnetic qualities of iron and steel. 1894, i. 574, ii. 444. 

KUPELWIESER, F., on alloys of iron and nickel. 1895, i. 480. 

on aluminium as a reducing and heating agent. 1899, ii. 47.^. 

on consumption of fuel in Austria-Hungary. 1899, L 478. 

on iron ore deposits of Styria. 1893, ii. 303. 

on open-hearth process. 1890, ii. 781. 

on steel industry of Austria-Hungary. 1892, i. 501. 

on tests of armour-plates. 1894, ii. 465. 

on world's coal supply. 1898, ii. 596. 

KUPELWIESER, P., on open-hearth process. 1894, i. 546. 

Paper on ''The manufacture of basic steel at Witkowitz," 1898, ii. 6 ; 
steel making processes, 6 ; increase in the number of open-hearth steel 
works, 7 ; most satisfactory method, a combination of the open-hearth 
and Bessemer processes, 7 ; results obtained at Witkowitz, 8 ; advantages 
of the combination, 10. — Discussion: G. J. Snelus, 11 ; J. Riley, 11 ; Wm. 
Whitwell, 13 ; J. Head, 14 ; Sir W. C. Roberts-Austen, 15 ; E. H. Saniter, 
16 ; B. Dawson, 16 ; E. W. Richards, 17 ; Sir Lowthian Bell, 17. 

K UPPER, C, on tests of anchors and chains. 1894, ii. 460. 

KURITA, A., on coal in East China. 1898, ii. 405. 

KURZWERNHART, A., on influence of a blue heat. 1897, i. 528. 

KUSNETZOW, S., on iron trade of Russia. 1898, ii. 586. 

KUSS, H., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601. 

KUZU, KuBAji, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 

Kyanising of mine timber. 1897, i. 419. 

KYLE, J. J., analyses of iron ores by. 1890, i. 199. 

on lignite from Tierra del Fuego. 1899, i. 317. 

on vanadiferous coal. 1894, i. 454. 

on vanadium in lignite. 1898, i. 219. 



310 6KNEBAL INDEX. 



Laboratory f urnmce. 1899, i. 466. 

Labour, American, and protection. 1890, t. t. 199\ 

and food, cost of. 1890, «. t. 33 ; 1886, ii. 598. 

LABOURET. Captain de, on armoar-plate trials. 1890, ii. 840. 
LABUAji. coalfields of. 1891 iL 325 ; 1896, iL 303. 
LABZiy, N.. on manafactare of iron eoods in Russia. 1896, iL 414. 
LACHAPELLE, H. DE, on andergroand haala$re. 1899. L 341. 
LACROIX, A., book on mining bv. 1896, i. 575. 

on iron ore in France. 1899, ii 30l.». 

Ladders, strength of. 1897. ii. 291 : 1898, ii. 291. 
Ladle carriage. 1900, ii. 535. 

steel casting. 1892, ii. 458. 

Ladles, crlindrical, for casting. 1896, i. 424. 

direct metal, removing skalls from. 1892, ii. 431. 

LADURON, E.. on steelworks of Cbarleroi basin. 1899. i. 411. 
LAFITTE, H., on lighting of collieries. 1899, ii. 3h4. 
LAGAI. C. on composition of petroleum. 1892, iL 380. 
LAGERWALL, J., on American Bessemer practice. 1895, ii. 517. 

on American blast -furnace practice. 1895, ii. 460. 

on basic Bessemer process. 1895, ii. 518. 

on basic pig iron. 1895, ii. 4K). 

LAGRANGE, P., on electric hardening. 1893. i. 355. 

LAHARPE. C. DE, books on metallargv bj. 1895, L 548 ; 1897, ii. 55a 

LAING. A., on tests of iap-welded pipe^. 1891, ii. 313. 

Lakadong coalfield. India. 1890. i. 231. 

Lake Axgeline, iron ore mining at. 1893, ii. 329 ; 1896, L 314. 

mines. 1890. s. t. 206 ; 1895, ii. 3>-6 ; 1896, iL 2s6 ; 1897. L 360. 

Lake Superior, coking at. 1891, L 302. 

district. 1890, s. t. 371 : 1898, i. 344. 

district, iron ores of. 1890. s. v. 72, 74. 75 ; 1896, i. 282. 

district, method of determination of iron in. 1896, ii. 600. 

district, mining in. 1893. L 202 ; 1895, iL 3M ; 1896, iL 286; 1897, 

i. 350, 61S, ii. 2S3 ; 1900, L 2^5, ii. 4 IS. 

iron ore mine, extinguishing a fire in. 1892, i. 295. 

iron ore mines. 1890. s. v. 393 ; 1893, iL 315 ; 1899, L 296. 

iron ores. 1890. s. v. 11*3: 1892, i. 526: 1893. L 443; 1895, iL 369; 



1896, i. 314 ; 1897. ii. 273 ; 1898, ii. 360 ; 1899. i. 501 : 1900, i. 276, 483. 

— iron ores, analysis of. 1890, ii. 666. 

— loading iron ore on. 1893, iL 324. 

— - ore, production of. 1890, i. 402. 



LAKHS, A., book on mining by. 1890, i. 4(^. 

on American collieries. 1900, i. 342. 

on asphalt. 1900, L 317. 

on coal in Colorado. 1898, ii. 400 ; 1899, iL 34S. 

on iron ore of the United States. 1896, ii. 274. 

on mine timber. 1899, ii. 330. 

on natural gas in Colorado. 1899, ii. 364. 

on petroleum in Colorado. 1899, ii. 361. 



GENERAL INDEX. 311 

LAMB, E. DE v., on coal in New Sooth Wales. 1898, ii. 851. 

LAMBERTON, Andbew, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

on manufacture of steel plates. 1898, ii. 126. 

on ** Weardale " furnace. 1897, i. 72. 

LAMBING, A. A., on early iron manufactare in Pennsylvania. 1898, ii. 

451. 
LAMPRECHT, R, books on mining by. 1899, ii. 532 ; 1900, 11. 632. 

on extinction of fires in mines. 1900, i. 337. 

on prevention of colliery explosions. 1895, i. 368. 

on re-opening of Earwin collieries. 1895, i. 378. 

on safety-lamp::. 1896, ii. 335. 

on underground haulage. 1898, i. 404. 

Lamps, lighting locked. 1891, i. 342. 

miners' electric. 1891, i. 342, ii. 226 ; 1892, ii. 409. 

safety. 1891, i. 3J0 ; 1892, i. 376, ii. 408 ; 1898, i. 277 ; 1894, ii. 368. 

shot-firing. 1892, i. 377. 

Lanarkshire, coal in. 1897, i. 368. 

coalfield. 1893, i. 220 ; 1898, ii. 393. 

iron ore in. 1897, i. 326. 

LANCASTER, C, on iron statistics of United Kingdom. 1899, ii. 495. 
LANCASTER, Joshua, obituary notice of. 1899, i. 266. 
LANDAUER, J., book on metallurgy by. 1892, ii. 554. 
LANDIG, 0. 0., on explosions in blast-furnaces. 1896, ii. 353. 
LANDIN. J., on nitrogen in coal. 1896, i. 345. 

on sampling iron ore. 1895, ii. 391. 

LANDIS, E. K., book on metallurgy by. 1892, ii. 554. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1892, ii. 514. 

on magnetic separation of iron ore. 1892, i. 302. 

on sampling iron ore. 1892, i. 298. 

on Tilly-Foster mine. 1900, ii. 419. 

on use of dolomite in the blast-furnace. ^1896, i, 405. 

LANDIS, H. K., on annealing. 1897, i. 512. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1896, ii. 441. 

on effects of temperature. 1897, i. 530. 

on elastic limit. 1897, ii. 467. 

on endurance of steel. 1897, i. 540. 

on fluid compression. 1897, i. 510. 

on relation of tensile strength to composition. 1897, ii. 466. 

on specifications. 1897, i. 539. 

on steam-hammers. 1896, ii. 370. 

on steel tubes. 1896, ii. 389. 

on stress in steel. 1897, i. 531. 

on tests of forgings. 1896, ii. 409. 

LANDOR, A. H. S., on coal in Yezo. 1894, i. 453. 
LANE, A. C, on coal in Michigan. 1900, iL 440. 

on deep boring. 1900, i. 282. 

on formation of ore deposits. 1897, ii 267. 

LANE, E., on coal in Pern. 1892, ii. 368. 
LANE, H. M., on deep boring. 1900, i. 283. 

on diamond boreholes. 1899, ii. 327. 

LANG, L., on determination of nitrogen. 1894, i, 619. 



312 GENERAL INDEX. 

LANG, 0., on iron ore in Laxemburj;^ and Lorraine. 1899, ii. 31L 

on origin of petroleum. 1896, ii. 423 ; 1898, ii. 424. 

on Trinidad asphalt. 1896, i. 362. 

LANG, W. K, on mine pumps. 1898, i. 420. 

LANGBEIN, G., book on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. 599. 

LANGBETN, H., on calorific value of fuels. 1896, i. 308. 

LANGDON. N. M., on calculation of slags. 1892, ii. 438. 

on magnetic separation of iron ore. 1892, i. 301. 

LANGE, E. F. S., elected member. 1893, i. 2. 

on history of iron. 1900, i. 369. 

Pa'ptr on " New method of producing high temperature," 1900, ii. 191 ; 
researches of Hans Goldschmidt, 191 ; use of aluminium as a reducing 
agent, 191 ; action of aluminium on iron oxide, 193 ; use of the Gold- 
schmidt process, 195 ; industrial applications of aluminium and iron 
oxide reactions, 197 ; amount of thermite necessary to heat material to 
welding heat, 200 ; use of thermite for production of small quantities of 
hot metal, 207; aluminium as a heat accumulator, 209. — DUcugsicn: 
J. E. Stead, 210; H. Le Neve Foster, 211 ; Sir W. Roberts- Austen, 211 ; 
E. F. Lange, 212. 

on small converters. 1900, i. 383. 

on thermal and mechanical treatment of steel. 1898, ii. 213. 

on Walrand process. 1894, i. 42. 



LANGE, Hermann L., obituary notice of. 1892. ii. 289. 

Lanoenbruch safety-lamp. 1890, i. 26^. 

LANGER, J. VON, on Pietzka puddling furnace. 1892, i. 413. 

LANGFORD, W., elected member. 1893, i. 2. 

LANGGUTH, E., on magnetic concentration. 1900, ii. 423. 

LANGHAM, W. J., elected member. 1893, i. 2. 

LANGLEY, J. W., <m aluminium in steel ingots. 1891, ii. 275, 287. 

on hardening of steel. 1893, ii. 41)5. 

Paper on " International standards for the analysis of iron and steel," 
1890, ii. 583 ; notes on the work of the American committee, 583 ; ap- 
pointment of commission, 588 ; mode of preparation of experimental 
standards, 584 ; apparatus for igneous combustion, 585 ; preliminary 
results by oxygen combustion, 586 ; by wet method, 589 ; mode of 
release of carbon, 502 ; Dudley's apparatus and method, 594 ; experi- 
ments to determine carbon percentages, 597 ; effect of chloride of ammo- 
nium, 508 ; experiments with chloride of copper and ammonium, 599 ; 
other attempts to estimate carbon in experimental standards, 601 ; 
summary of results, 602.— DUoussion : G. J. Snelus, 604; G. Lunge, 
605 ; J. E. Stead, 606 ; C. B. Dudley, 607 ; Edward Riley, 609 ; J. W. 
Langley, 610. 
on international standards of analysis for iron and steel. 1899, iL 



321. 

— on iron and steel analyses. 1891, i. 431. 

on properties of steel. 1893, i. 371, 374. 



LANGMUIR, A. G., on determination of sulphur in bitumen. 1900, i. 442. 

LANTZ, on rolling-mills. 1899, i. 395. 

LANZ, A., on composition and strength of steel. 1894, i. 387. 

LAPIERRE, E., on coal in South Africa. 1896, ii. 302. 

Lapland, magnesite in. 1896, ii. 300. 

LAPONCHE, on ventilation of collitTie.>*. 1900, i. 334. 

LAPPARENT, A. DE, on classilication of coal measures. 1896, ii. 401. 

LAPSLEY, Gaillard T., on history of iron. 1899, ii. 417. 



GENERAL INDEX. 313 

Lap- WELDED pipett, tests of. 1891, 11. 313. 

LAPWORTll, C, on Soath Staffordshire coal. 1895, li. 39. 

on South Staffordshire coalfield. 1892, 1. 319. 

Lares coke-oven. 1890, ii. 698. 
Large boiler-plates. 1898, ii. 520. 

buildings, use of steel in. 1896, ii. 576. 

forging presses. 1899, ii. 420. 

forgings. 1899, ii. 420. 

output of an open-hearth furnace. 1893, ii. 468. 

LARIMER, J. L., book on metallurgy by. 1893, ii. 562. 
LARMOYEUX, E., on explosives. 1891, i. 324. 

on self-acting inclines. 1898, i. 255. 

on tests of explosives. 1892, ii. 401. 

LARSEN, J. D., obituary notice of. 1891, i. 242. 

LARSON, A., on action of sulphuric acid on iron. 1893, ii. 520. 

on classifying iron ores. 1892, ii. 336. 

on iron pyrites at Dannemora. 1897, ii. 272. 

on sampling iron ore. 1896, ii. 391. 

on shaft equipment. 1894, ii. 297. 

LARSSON, P., on mine pumps. 1896, iL 386. 

on soft-ore mining. 1893, i. 282. 

LASCHE, O., on electric plant in rolling-mills. 1900, if. 516. 

on electric power in rolling-mills. 1900, i. 376. 

on electricity in mines. 1899, i. 342. 

Lash furnace. 1890, s. v. 279. 
Lasu-Johnson direct process. 1891, i. 380. 
LASNE. H., on analysis of basic slag. 1896, i. 542. 
LASPEYRES, H., on meteorites. 1895, ii. 376 ; 1897, ii. 278. 

on nickel ore deposits. 1896, i. 292. 

LAST, J. T., on iron-making in East Africa. 1894, ii. 400. 
LASTARRIA, V., on iron ore in Chili 1890, ii. 864. 
LATINIS, v., on puddling. 1896. ii. 59. 

on Russian ironworks. 1896, ii. 92. 

LATKIN, v., on petroleum in Russia. 1900, ii. 455. 

LA TOUCHE, T. H. D., on boring for petroleum at Sukkur. 1895, ii. 425. 

on coal in India. 1890, ii. 687 ; 1900, 1. 300. 

on Lakadong coalfield. 1890, i. 231. 

on mineral oil in Sherani hills. 1898, ii. 376. 

Latrobe steelworks, Pennsylvania. 1890, i. 314. 

LAU, F. C, on micros tructu re of iron. 1900, ii. 541. 

LAUDER, G., on charging open-hearth furnaces by machinery. 1897, i. 105. 

on coal-washer. 1890, i. 278. 

on elimination of sulphur. 1891, ii. 83, 90. 

LAUDER, Thomas, elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

LAUDRON, E., on puddling. 1896, i. 432. 

LAUER, J. VON, on Bickford's safety fuse. 1896, ii. 439. 

on explosives. 1896. i. 374 ; 1897, i. 422 ; 1898, i. 413. 

on friction igniters in fiery mines. 1892, ii. 404. 

Lauer friction igniter. 1892, i. 357. 

LAUNAY, L. DE, books on mining by. 1898, i. 451 ; 1894, 1. 650. 

on formation of ore deposits. 1897, IL 266. 



314 GENERAL INDEX. 

LAUNAY, L. DB, on iron ore deposits of Elba. 1891, L 405. 

on iron ores of Dannemora. 1891, i. 408. 

on iron ores of Eastern Pyrenees. 1894, L 404. 

on iron ores of Greece. 1898, i. 341. 

on iron ores of Northern Africa. 1894, i. 419. 

on iron ores of Russia. 1894, i 406. 

on iron ores of Sweden. 1894, i. 409. 

on iron ores of the Ural. 1894, i. 407. 

on methods of working coal. 1900, i. 332. 

on mineral resources of New Zealand. 1894, 11. 608. 

LAUR, F., books on mining by. 1890, ii. 891 ; 1898, ii. 601. 

on bauxite. 1894, ii. 304 ; 1897, ii. 302. 

on Robert converter. 1895, ii. 517. 

on Spanish coalfield. 1896. i. 338. 

LAURAS, X., on compressed air at Blanzy collieries. 1894, i. 490. 
Laurbau pit-heating furnace. 1890, i. 335. 
LAUTE, H., on sinking through quicksand. 1895, i. 347. 
Lauth heating furnace. 1898, i. 352. 

three-high rolls. 1890, i. 307. 

Laval direct process. 1896, ii. 373. 
Lavatories at Dortmund collieries. 1894, ii. 371. 

for miners. 1895, ii. 450. 

LAVELEYE, E. de, on Belgian steel industry. 1893, ii. 54G. 

Ix^VENIR. A., on martite. 1892, ii. 324. 

LAVERGNE, G., on coal question in France. 1891, i. 458. 

on new rolling-mills. 1894, iL 406. 

Lavinia collieries. 1892, ii. 355. 

LAW, E., on tinplate works. 1897, ii. 447. 

Law of phases. 1900, i. 407. 

LAWLEY, William, elected member. ' 1895, ii. 7. 

LAWN, J. G., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 552. 

on mine accounts. 1897, ii. 291. 

on mines of Elba. 1895, i. 187. 

LaxI works. 1898, ii. 309. 

LAYBORN, Daniel, elected member. 1894, i. 2. 

LAZtTRTEGUI, Julio de, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

Hon. Secretary of Reception Committee, Bilbao. 1896, ii. 219. 

on iron ore in Sweden. 1898, ii. 357. 

LEACH, C. C, on electric pumping plants. 1898, i. 274. 

on ventilating appliances. 1894, i. 498. 

LEACH, J. S., on natural gas. 1896. i. 364. 

on natural gas in Indiana. 1898, i. 400 ; 1900, i. 318. 

Lead, zinc and, in blast-furnace gases. 1890, i. 288. 

Lead-tempering of steel. 1890, i. 328. 

LEATH AM, J. G., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1897, ii. 456. 

LEBACQZ, E., on steelworks of Charleroi basin. 1899, i. 411. 

Lebanon and Altoona. 1890, s. v. 418. 

LEBEAU, P., on ferro -silicon. 1899, ii. 475. 

LE BEL« G., coal in France and Belgium. 1897, ii. 311. 

LE BEL, J. A., on constitution of petroleum. 1890, i. 236. 

LE BERRIER, M., on blow-holes in steel castings. 1892, i. 484. 



GENEltAL INDEX. 315 

LE BON, G., on transmission of light bv iron. 1896, i. 493. 

on transparency of iron. 1896, ii. 402. 

LEBRETON, E., on coal in Tonkin. 1894, ii. 326. 

on detection of fire-damp. 1894, ii. 369. 

on fire-damp explosions. 1900, i. 334. 

on iron ore from Cond^. 1894, ii. 277. 

LE BRIS. G., book on metaUurgy by. 1894, il 538. 

LE CHATELIER, A., book on metallurgy by. 1892, i. 533. 

on hardening and annealing of iron. 1896, i. 493. 

on infiaence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 207. 

on influence of temperature on iron and steel. 1890, ii. 826 ; 1892, 

L 464. 

LE CHATELIER, H., book on metallurgy by. 1900, i. 493. 

on aluminium steel. 1890, ii. 212. 

on coefficient of expansion of iron. 1900, i. 408. 

on colliery explosions. 1897, ii. 361. 

on determination of fuel efficiency. 1892, i. 223. 

on effect of temperature on iron and steel. 1899, ii. 459. 

on electric resistance of iron and steel. 1890, i. 355 ; 1899, i. 422. 

on explosives and blasting. 1900, ii. 473. 

on fire-damp. 1892, ii. 414 ; 1897, ii. 360. 

on fire-damp indicators. 1891. ii. 222. 

on hardening steel. 1897, i. 625. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 210. 

on iron compounds. 1896, ii. 400. 

on law of phases. 1900, i. 407 ; ii. 330. 



- on measuring strains within the elastic limit. 1890, ii. 833. 

— on microstructure of iron. 1900, ii. 542. 
on new gas analysis apparatus. 1899, i. 470. 



on nickel and manganese alloys. 1894, ii. 460. 

on practical microscopic analysis. 1899, ii. 157. 

on pyrometry. 1892, i. 312 ; 1892, i. 313 ; 1900, i. 292. 

- on specific heat of carbon. 1893, iL 336. 

on tests for steel used in the manufacture of artillery. 1891, i. 71. 



Le CHATELIER pyrometer, automatic methods of observation. 1891, i. 90. 

LECHNER, on working mild steel and wrought iron. 1895, i. 472. 

LECK, W., on fire-damp in iron ore mines. 1899, ii. 331. 

on timbering in iron ore mines. 1899, i. 299. 

LECKIE, J. R., on Londonderrj' blast-furnace, Nova Scotia. 1892, ii. 428. 

LECKIE, R. G. E., on coal in Canada. 1896, ii. 301. 

on iron ore deposits of Torbrook, Nova Scotia. 1892, ii. 313. 

on roasting iron ore in Canada. 1892, ii. 341. 

LECLERC, Felix, elected member. 1893, ii. 5. 

on determination of silica. 1891, ii. 331. 

LBCOCQ, E., on coal analysis. 1900, i. 440. 

Le Creusot pavilion, visit to. 1900, ii. 358. 

works. 1898, i. 454. 

LEDEBUR, A., books on metallurgy by. 1890, i. 408, ii. 891 ; 1891, i. 488, 
ii. 366 ; 1892, ii. 554 ; 1893, i. 450, ii. 562 ; 1894, i. 649, ii. 538 ; 1896, i. 
548, ii. 632 ; 1896, i. 574, ii. 486 ; 1897, i. 628 ; 1898, ii 599 ; 1899, i 606, 
ii. 530 ; 1900, i 493. 



316 GENEKAL INDEX. 

LEDEBUR, A., on alloys of iron and chromiam. 1892, ii. 144. 

on argentiferoas pig iron. 1897, ii. 399. 

on carbon changes daring the annealing process. 1897, ii. 460. 

on cast iron. 1898, i. 5U. 

on chemical composition of steel. 1894, i. 572. 

on chilled castings. 1891, ii. 250. 

on crvstalline structure. 1898, i. 199. 

on determination of aluminium. 1898, ii. 534. 

on determination of carbon. 1894, i. 603. 

on effect of phosphorus in iron. 1890, ii. 829. 

on effect of pickling and rusting on strength of iron. 1891, i. 428. 

on ferro-silicon for foundrv use. 1890, i. 300. 



on foundry pig iron. 1896, ii. 356 ; 1898, i. 469. 

on hardening of steel. 1896, ii. 552 ; 1896, i. 495 ; 1897, ii. 458. 

on history of the blast-furnace. 1891, i. 350. 

on improving open-heaith steel. 1899, ii. 434. 



on impurities in iron. 1894, ii. 4«1. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 213. 

on influence of temperature on tensile strength. 1896, ii. 401 

on liquation in hardened steel. 1896. i. 523. 

on manganese steel. 1893, ii. 516. 



on manufacture of tool-steel. 1895, i. 428. 

on mechanical properties of steel. 1896, ii. 403. 

— -- on micrographic analysis of metals. 1897, ii. 483. 

on mill scale. 1898, ii. 549. 

on mode of existence of carbon in iron. 1891, i. 364. 

on modern foundry practice. 1899, ii. 411. 

Paper on ** The modifications of carbon in iron," 189S, ii. 53 ; Karsten*! 



classification of carbon, 53 : four different modifications of car boo, 55 ; 




Sir L. Bell, 71 ; T. Turner, 71 ; H. Bauerman, 72 ; E. Riley, 73 ; J. Parry, 
74 ; A. Ledebur, 74 ; E. W. Richards, 76. 

— on new foundries. 1898, ii. 482. 

— on open-hearth process in United State**. 1894, i. .545. 

— on oxygen in incfot metal. 1896. ii. 5S0. 
-— on oxygen in malleable iron. 1893, i. 3i»5. 

— on oxygen in steel. 1899, i. 4r»3. 

— on physical properties of cast iron. 1890. ii. 82S. 

— on science and iron-smelting. 1899, ii. 477. 

— on smelting of titanifcrous iron ore?. 1896. ii. 352. 

— on standard tests of cast iron. 1899, ii. 167. 

— on steel castings. 1892, ii. 452. 

— on sulphur in iron. 1894. ii. 477. 



LEDENT. L.. hook on ujetallurgy by. 1899, ii. 5:iO. 
LEDINGHAM, J. M.. elected member. 1898. ii. 5. 
LEDOUX, A. R.. on meteorites. 1891. i. 265. 
LEDOUX. M., on explosives and blasting. 1897, ii. 353. 
LEDWITH, Austin James, elected member. 1896. i. 3. 
LEDY, on action of sea-water on iron. 1899, ii. 474. 



GENERAL INDEX. 317 

LEDYARD, T. D., letter of invitation to visit Toronto from. 1890, i. HI. 

on iron ore in Canada. 1890, ii. 658 ; 1891, ii. 143 ; 1893, i. 184 ; 

1899, iL 318. 

LEE, Arthur S., elected member. 1894, i. 3. 

LEE, H., vote of thanks by. 1895, ii. 225. 

LEE, H. A., book on mining by. 1897, L 629. 

LEE, Percy Wilton, elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

LEE, Ii. W., on Emma West furnace, Pennsylvania. 1891, ii. 238. 

LEECH, A. H., on shaft-sinking. 1899, i. 335. 

Lbechburg improved squeezer. 1898, ii. 448. 

Leen Valley coal measures. 1895, i. 312. 

LEES, T. G., on compressed-air locomotives. 1898, i. 406. 

on wire ropes. 1898, i. 404. 

Lees, Asa & Company, Limited. 1899, ii. 279. 
LEFFLER, Rudolf L., elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

on determination of carbon in ferro-chrome. 1897, ii. 497. 

on determination of chromium. 1898, iL 660. 

LEGGETT, T. H., on electric transmission of power. 1894, ii. 855. 
LEGHAIT, A., book on mining by. 1892, ii. 556. 

LE GRAND, L., on ventilation of collieries. 1900, ii. 478. 
LEGROS, on determination of fuel efficiency. 1892, i. 226. 
Lehigh Valley railroad. 1894, ii. 433. 

LEHNKERING, Paul, on valuation of iron and manganese ores. 1899, i 468. 
Leicestershire, iron ore deposits of. 1891, i. 250. 
LEINUNG, G., on iron ore in China. 1898, L 346. 
LEISTIKOW, B., on by-products from coke ovens. 1892, ii. 376. 
LEITCH, W. O., on iron tunnels. 1896, ii. 390. 
LELAND, C. G., book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 538. 
LELONG, M., elected member. 1897, i. 2. 
LEMAIRE, C, on iron industry of the Congo. 1895, ii. 492. 
LEMBERG, H., books on metallurgv by. 1895, i. 548 ; 1897, i. 628 ; 1899, 
. i. 507. 

books on mining bv. 1894, i. 650 ; 1896, i. 575 ; 1897, i. 629 ; 1899, 

i. 508. 
LEMP, H., on electric welding. 1890, ii. 812 ; 1896, ii. 530 ; 1896, ii. 388. 
LEMP, H. N., on armour-plates. 1896, i. 522. 
LE NAOUR, on corrosion. 1898, i. 526. 
LENCAUCHEZ, J. A., on annealing ovens. 1892, i. 441. 
on gas-producers. 1899, ii. 365. 

Paper on " The manufacture of steel in the open-hearth," 1894, ii. 139 
introductory, 139 ; rotating open -hearth furnace, 139 ; the Anzin furnace 
140; bricks for burners and roof, 142; reversing valves, 142; gas 
producers, 143 ; rciiults of blowing, 143 ; refining the pig iron, 145. — Dit 
cuiiion: J. Riley, 147 ; G. J. Snelus, 148 ; H. Bauerman, 148 ; A. Thielen 
149 ; E. H. Saniter, 149 j S. T. Wellman. 149 ; G. Ainsworth, 150 ; H. M 
Howe, 150; F. W. Paul, 150; Sir L. Bell, 153; J. A. Lencauchez, 154. 

on open-hearth plant at Hayange. 1899, ii. 437. 

on open-hearth steel. 1894, ii. 154. 

on producer gas. 1891, ii. 197. 



LENGEMANN, on shaft-sinking. 1896, i. 366. 
LENGFIELD, F., on Californian petroleum. 1898, i. 244. 
LENHER, v., on metallic carbonyls. 1900, i 43a 



318 GENERAL INDEX. 

LENTZ, G., on metal anderframes for rolling-stock. 1894» L 666. 

LENZ, W., on mine-sorreying. 1896, i. 384. 

Lbnz charging crane. 1897, ii. 434. 

LEO, D., on chrome iron ore from Lower Silesia. 1891, ii 165. 

on electro-magnetic separation. 1891, ii. 301. 

on Finland hlast-f arnaces. 1897, i. 612. 

on iron industry of Russia. 1895, ii. 622. 

on magnesia brick in the blast-fnmace. 1892, i. 307. 

on magnetic concentration of iron ore. 1899, i. 303. 

on mineral statistics of Upper Silesia. 1898, ii. 578. 

on use of aluminium in steel manufacture. 1893, iL 485. 

LEOBNER, H., on direct production of iron. 1900, i. 365. 

Ll^ON, A., on fire-damp. 1896, i. 380. 

Leon, Santa Lucia collieries in. 1895, ii. 450. 

LEONARD, H. W., on electric percussive rock drills. 1891, IL 156. 

on electricity in mining. 1891, ii. 219. 

LEONARD, S. H., on moulding cylinders in dry sand. 1892, it 443. 
IJ^PANY, G., book of metallurgy by. 1890. i. 408. 
LEPROUX, A., on accidents in mines. 1896, i. 381. 

on cast steel locomotive wheels. 1892, ii. 470. 

on coal-mining. 1898, i. 428. 

on electricity in mines. 1899, i. 342. 

on fire-damp. 1896, i. 380. 

on naphtha industry of Baku. 1892, ii. 380. 

on shaft-sinking. 1897, i. 409. 

on steel manufacture in United States. 1894, ii 414. 

LEPSIUS, B.. book on mining by. 1891, ii. 368. 

LERMUSIAUX, C, on shaft fences. 1899, i. 340. 

LE ROT, G. A., on separation of iron, cobalt, and nickel. 1891, i 442. 

LESEURE, M., on consolidating water-bearing strata. 1891, ii. 201. 

LESLEY, J. P., book on mining by. 1892, ii. 556. 

on economy in anthracite mining. 1891, ii. 208. 

LESTER, Isaac E., elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 
LETCHER, EDWI^^ Marcus, elected member, 1895, iL 7. 
LETHABY, W. R., on cast iron. 1890, i. 299 ; 1894, i. 537. 
LETORET, J., on manufacture of coke. 1898, i. 385. 
LEUTSCHER, G. L., on modern steel plants. 1894, ii. 425. 
LEV AT, D., book on metallurgy by. 1896, i. 574. 

on application of nickel steel to armour-plates. 1892, i 481. 

on basic slag. 1895, ii. 525, <)02. 

on hardening steel. 1897, i. 51 1. 

on manufacture of nickel. 1894, i. 568. 

Levant du Flenu collieries, screens at the. 1892, i. 388. 
Levels, driving, in hard dolomite. 1892, i. 21^. 

driving, in hard rock. 1891, i. 270. 

iron supports in. 1896, i. 298. 

ventilation in. 1891. i. 332. 

Lever-puxching machine. 1890, i. 337. 

Lever-shea u, a new. 1890, ii. 769. 

LE VERRIEK, U., books on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 538 ; 1898, ii 60a 

on determination of chromium. 1895, L 512. 



GENERAL INDEX. 319 

LE VBRRIER, U., on freeing farnace gases from dast. 1895, i. 389. 

on refining steel. 1892, i 438. 

LEVET, C, on anderground haulage. 1898, ii. 391. 
LEVITSKY, M., on micro-structure of iron. 1900, i. 398. 

on Russian tool-steel from the Poutiloff works. 1895, i. 423. 

on welding chrome steel. 1896, i. 472. 

LEVY, L., elected member. 1893, iL 5. 

LEVY, M., on testing metals. 1898, i. 513. 

LEWES, V. B., on corrosion of iron and steel. 1891, ii. 479. 

on explosives and blasting. 1895, i. 357, ii. 439. 

on oil gas from Russian petroleum. 1892, ii. 387. 

on spontaneous combustion of coal. 1891, ii. 171 ; 1892, i. 317. 

LEWICKE, E., on centrifugal casting. 1898, iL 479. 

LEWIS, C, on rolling rails. 1900, ii. 519. 

LEWIS, D., elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

LEWIS, F. H., on steel for bridge construction. 1892, i. 478. 

on structural steel. 1892, ii 504 ; 1897, i. 640. 

LEWIS, H. J., on Lake Superior mining. 1898, i. 582. 

on steel structures for collieries. 1895, ii. 433. 

on structural steel. 1895, ii. 575. 

LEWIS, Henry Watkin, obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 256. 
LEWIS, Jen KIN, on water-cooled hot-blast valve. 1896, ii. 203. 
LEWIS, J. F., on reception of the Institute in America. 1890, ii. 11. 
LEWIS, J. Slater, books on metallurgy by. 1897, i. 628 ; 1899, ii. 530. 

elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

LEWIS, Samuel Gething, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 
LEWIS, William Rufus, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 
LEWIS, Sir W. T., elected member of Council. 1890, ii. 17. 

elected Vice-President. 1897, ii. 23. 

juror at Paris Exhibition. 1900, iL 857. 

vote of thanks by. 1897, ii. 4. 

LEYBOLD, on winding appliances. 1899, i. 337. 
LEYDEN, on Sumatra petroleum. 1893, i. 246. 
LIBERT, J., on electric conductors in mines. 1894, i. 4S9. 

on electric locomotives. 1894, ii. 363. 

on electricity in mines. 1900, ii. 470. 

on mineral statistics of Belgium. 1900, ii. 696. 

on occurrence of fire-damp in iron ore mines. 1899, i. 301. 

on temperature and water in deep collieries. 1894, i. 606. 

on underground temperature. 1897, ii. 288. 

Library. 1890, i. 8 ; 1894, i. 8; 1895, i. 8 ; 1896, i. 10; 1897, i. 9 ; 1898, 

i. 10 ; 1899, i. 10 ; 1900, i. 10. 
additions to the. 1898, ii. 294 ; 1894, ii. 268 ; 1895, i. 267 ii. 355 ; 

1896, 1 290, ii. 263 ; 1897, i. 318, ii. 257 ; 1898, 1 326, ii. 333 ; 1899, i. 269, 

ii. 297 ; 1900, i. 258, ii. 394. 
LICHTENBERGER, T., on sinking shafts. 1897, ii. 341. 
LIDOFF, Alexander P., on sulphur in bitumens. 1900, i. 443. 
LIDY, M., on corrosion. 1898, i. 526. 
LIEBENOW, C, book on metaUurgy by. 1898, l 683. 
LIEBETANZ, F., on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1900, ii. 601. 
on utilisation of calcium carbide. 1900, ii. 569. 



320 QENERAL INDEX. 

LIEBRICH, A., book on metallargj by. 1892, il 555. 

on bauxite. 1894, ii. 304 ; 1897, i. 361. ii. 302. 

on bauxite from the Yogelsberg. 1892, ii. 344. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1895, i. 504. 

on determination of silicon. 1896, i. 532. 

Life composition. 1895, i. 65. 

Lifting appliances at blast-furnaces. 1897, i. 466. 

magnets. 1900, i. 372. 

Light, transmission of, by iron. 1896, i. 493. 
Lighter, safety fuse and. 1891, i. 32L 
Lighting locked safety-lamps. 1891, i. 842. 

of blast-furnaces. 1896, i. 404. 

of collieries. 1899, ii. 384 ; 1900, i. 338, ii. 480. 

of collieries, electric. 1891, i. 340. 

Lightning in a blast-furnace. 1895, ii. 461. 
Lignite, analyses of. 1891, i. 283. 

and anthracite around Hudson Bay. 1895, i. 819. 

deposits of Gippsland. 1892, i. 323. 

deposits of the Tyrol. 1891, i. 283. 

for iron making. 1899, L 377. 

formation of. 1891, iu 173. 

in Bohemia. 1890, ii. 861 ; 1891, ii. 337. 

in Chili. 1892, ii. 366. 

in Cilly, Styria. 1891, i. 283. 

in Eastern Galicia. 1892, ii. 415. 

in Transylvania. 1894, ii. 316. 

in Texas. 1892, ii. 365. 

mines of fesera. 1898, ii. 349. 

mines, ventilation of. 1892, i. 370. 

mines, Wiesa. 1896, i. 814. 

mining in Saxony. 1891, i. 207. 

occurrence of mineral resin in. 1892, i. 316. 

separation by a Klonne screen. 1891, ii. 231. 

vanadium in. 1898, i. 219. 



LiGUBiA, titaniferous iron ore in. 1892, ii. 308. 

LIMA, J. M. DO Rega, book on metallurgy by. 1891, i. 483. 

on iron ore deposits of Portugal. 1891, i. 252. 

LiMU, baryta and, determination of. 1892, i. 496. 

determination of. 1890, i. 376 ; 1900, ii. 588. 

LiMKSTONE. 1890, s. V. 160. 

and dolomite. 1896, i. 325. 

and lime in blast-furnace practice. 1898, i. 69. 

blasting. 1890, i. 216. 

genesis of iron ores by replacement of. 1892, i. 264. 

mining in Scotland. 1893, ii. 328. 

of Alabama. 1894, ii. 306. 

quarries, Blount Springs. 1892, ii. 335. 

selection of, for blast-furnace. 1892, ii. 422. 

Swedish, and dolomites. 1891, ii. 164. 

Trenton, as a source of petroleum. 1890, ii. 703. 



GENERAL INDBX. 321 

LiiyiONiTB in Texas. 1892, ii. 818. 

pseudomorphs. 1895, I 288, ii. 376 ; 1898, i. 352. 

LIMPACK, OD ancient mines io Luxemburg. 1895, ii. 387. 

LIKCK, G., analyses of iron sulphates by. 1890, i. 201. 

on crystalline structure of iron. 1893, i. 363. 

on recent researches on meteorites. 1899, ii. 325. 

LINDBERG, Carl Cablson, obituary notice of. 1900, i. 264. 

LINDBERG, L. U., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

Linden steel company's works. 1890, s. v. 426. 

LINDHEIM, W. VON, obituary notice of. 1898, i. 317. 

LINDLEY, C. H., book on mining by. 1898, i. 586. 

LINDMAN, A., book on metallurgy by. 1898, ii 600. 

elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

LINEHAM, W. J., book on metallurgy by. 1895, i. 548. 

Lines, existing railway. 1891, ii. 365. 

of blast-furnaces. 1890, s. v. 256. 

LINET, J., on re-lining a shaft. 1894, ii. 349. 

on shaft-sinking. 1900, i. 321. ^ 

Lining basic converters. 1890, i. 217; 1892, i. 307; 1894, i. 566; 1895, 
ii. 619. 

tunnels, cast iron segments for. 1896, 1. 511. 

Linings, basic, use of magnesite for. 1890, i. 315. 

blast-furnace. 1890, i. 287. 

blast-furnace, destruction of. 1892, i. 897. 

chrome iron ore. 1890, i. 217, ii. 783 ; 1891, i. 276. 

dolomite for converter. 1890, i. 217. 

for shafts. 1894, ii. 299. 

LINSE, W., on structural ironwork. 1898, ii. 537. 
LINTERN, W., book on mining by. 1900, i. 495. 
LINTERN, William Turner, elected member. 1899, ii 6. 
LINTON, F. T. C, on gas from peat. 1894, i. 477. 
LINTON, L. A., on asphalt. 1897, i. 403. 

on Trinidad pitch. 1897, i. 403. 

LIPIN, W. VON, on influence of copper on iron. 1900, ii. 551. 

on influence of molybdenum on steel. 1897, ii. 471. 

on tungsten and molybdenum steel. 1898, ii. 547. 

LIPINSKI, K. K., on Russian asphalt. 1896, i. 361. 
LIPPERT, L., on gold in coal. 1895, i. 325. 
•Liquation in steel. 1896, ii. 583 ; 1896, i. 523. 

phenomena. 1891, ii. 299 ; 1897, i. 558. 

Liquid fuel, 1893, i. 241, ii. 377 ; 1894, i. 467, ii. 340; 1895, i. 333, ii. 422; 

1896, i. 353, ii. 315 ; 1897, i. 393, ii. 329 ; 1898, L 390, ii. 419 ; 1899, i. 331, 

ii. 358 ; 1900, i. 307, ii. 449. 

LISBOA, RiBBiRO, on manganese ore in Brazil. 1899, i. 293, ii. 322. 
LISHMAN, W. E., on electricity in mining. 1894, ii. 354. 
LIST, Paul, elected member. 1900, i. 2. 
LISTER, E., book on metallurgy by. 1900, ii. 630. 

book on mining by. 1899, i. 608. 

LISTER, Lord, toast by. 1899, i 249. 

LISTER, R. R.. on planing and milling machines. 1892, i. 460. 

LITSCHAUER, L., on handling iron ore. 1900, i. 286. 



322 GENSRAL INDEX. 

LITSOHAUER, L., on mine-snnreyiDg. 1897, iL 363. 

on working hi thick seams. 1895, ii. 440. 

LITTLE, A. J. S. B.. on handling coal. 1900, i. 344. 

LITTLE, G.. on handling coal. 1899, ii. 396. 

LITTLE, George, obituary notice of. 1896, ii. 260. 

LITTLE, J. S., on carbonic anhydride. 1894, ii. 370. 

LIVEING, E. H., on mine-snrveying. 1900, i. 340. 

Liverpool, Lord Mayor of, welcome to Institute by. 1892, ii. 1. 

LIYERSIDGE, A., on haematite from New South Wales. 1892, ii. 312. 

on iron rust with magnetic properties. 1893, i. 398. 

on magnetite. 1893, i. 194. 

on rusting of iron. 1892, i. 482. 

LIVESEY, F., on sulphate of ammonia from blast-furnaces. 1897, i. 298. 
LIVINGSTON, M., on petroleum as fuel. 1892, ii. 379. 

on valuation of fuel gas. 1892, i. 310. 

IjJAMIN, L., on microstructure of steel. 1897, ii. 451. 

on microstructure of iron. 1899, L 420. 

LJUNGBERG, A. G., elected member. 1894, i. 3. 
vote of thanks by. 1895, ii. 224. 

liJUNGBERG, E. J., on continuous charcoal kiln. 1897, ii. 322 ; 1896, 

ii. 407. 
Ljunqbeeg's charcoal kiln. 1898, ii. 23. 
LJUNGGREN, C. W., on basic pig iron. 1895, ii. 481. 

on lining basic converters. 1895, ii. 519. 

LLEWELLYN, James Davies, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

LLOYD, Albert William, elected uiember. 1899, i. 3. 

LLOYD, B. L., on flume conveyer for coal. 1895, ii. 454. 

LLOYD, D. L., on electricity in its relation to mining. 1898, i. 282. 

LLOYD, E. W., book on metallurgy by. 1893, ii. 662. 

LLOYD, Majob-Gexeral F. T., speeches by. 1895, i. 255 ; 1900, i. 239. 

LLOYD, Captain M. B., on explosions and blasting. 1900, ii. 473. 

LLOYD, Samuel Janson, elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

Loading coal. 1892, i. 384, ii. 421 ; 1893, i. 288 ; 1895, ii. 453 ; 1896, i. 387, 

ii. 344 ; 1897, ii. 370. 

iron ore on Lake Superior. 1898, ii. 324. 

rails, crane for. 1890, i. 343. 

LOBDELL, W. W., on cast-iron chilled wheels. 1895, i. 409. 

LOBBY DE BRUYN, C. A., on petroleum. 1896, i. 353. 

Local and General Committees in the United States. 1890, s. v. 493. 

Localisation of iron ores. 1890, s. v. 96. 

LOCHNER, S. J., on magnetic qualities of iron and steel. 1894, i. 574. 

LOCK, C. G. W., books on mining by. 1890, ii. 891 ; 1892, i. 535, u. 666; 
1894, ii. 539 ; 1895, ii. 634 ; 1896, i. 575. 

Lock for safety-lamps. 1892, i. 378. 

LoCKED-coiL wire ropes. 1891, ii. 210 ; 1894, i. 483. 

LOCKETT, J., on pumping machinery. 1893, ii. 404. 

Locks and safes. 1898, i. 380. 

manufacture of. 1897, i. 519. 

LOCKYER, Sir J. Norman, on meteorites. 1894, ii. 294. 

on spectrum of electrolytic iron. 1894, i. 571. 

Locomotive cylinders, testing cast iron for. 1893, ii. 508. 

wheels, cast steel. 1892, ii. 470. 



GENEBAL INDEX. 323 

Locomotives, cast steel for. 1897, i. 614. 

compressed-air. 1898, i. 405. 

electric. 1891, i. 326 ; 1893, ii. 392 ; 1894, ii. 353 ; 1895, i. 353 ; 1898, 

i. 406. 
electric mine. 1892, i. 352, ii. 397 ; 1896, ii. 326. 

fireless, for mines. 1890, ii. 722. 

steel for. 1892, ii. 500. 



Locust Mountain tunnel. 1890, ii. 727. 

LOCZKA, J., on chemical constitution of iron pyrites. 1895 i. 288. 

on hsamatite from Hungary. 1892, ii. 307. 

LODGE, on steel rails. 1896, i. 515. 

LODGE, Joseph, elected member. 1891, i. 11. 

LODGE, OUVER, on electric welding. 1890, ii. 811. 

LODIN, A., on gas in iron-mines. 1896, i. 316. 

LOEFFLER, G. O., on determination of phosphorus. 1894, i. 612. 

Loa Mountain and Clear Creek coal region. 1891, i. 296. 

LOHEST, M., on coal in Belgium. ■ 1900, i. 296. 

LOHMANN, A., on electric welding. 1895, i. 449. 

on Slavianoff electric casting process. 1895, ii. 529. 

LOHMANN, H., on explosives. 1896, i. 374. 

L6LLINQITE from North Carolina. 1898, i. 193. 

LOMAX, J., on British and Continental coalfields. 1900, i. 296. 

LOMBARD, M., on driving levels in hard rock. 1891, i. 270. 

LoMBABDY, iron industry of. 1899, ii. 515. 

pig iron from. 1900, i. 357. 

London DERBY blast-furnace, Nova Scotia. 1892, ii. 428. 

LONES, T. E., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601. 

on history of coal-mining. 1898, ii. 450. 

Long rails on Lehigh Valley railroad. 1894, ii. 433. 

LONGBOTHAM, J., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

LONGBOTHAM, Robert Hall, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 

LONGDALE iron mines in Virginia. 1891, ii. 147. 

LONGDEN, John Alfred, elected member. 1894, il 4. 

on coal consumption at collieries. 1899, i. 357. 

LONGE, F. DE, on petroleum in Peru. 1895, i. 336. 

Longitudinal and transver>e strength of mild steel. 1893, ii. 498. 

LONGSDON, A., obituary notice of. 1894, i. 392. 

Longwall system of working coal. 1892, ii. 405. 

working in North Staffordshire. 1893, i. 268. 

working in thick seams. 1890, ii. 716. 

working in thin seams. 1895, ii. 441. 

LONGWY steelworks, pig iron from. 1897, ii. 398. 

steelworks, steel from. 1890, i. 320. 

LONGYEAR, E. J., on exploring for iron ore. 1898, ii. 371. 

Lookout Mountain, incline railway at. 1890, s. v. 356. 

LOOMIS, Burdett— 

Paper on '* Fuel-gas and some of its applications," 1890, ii. 275 ; dis- 
covery and application of natural gas, 275 ; conditions required for fuel- 
gas, 276 ; water-gas generators, 277 ; quality of product, 278 ; economy 
in cost, 279 ; adaptability as a general fuel, 280 ; estimated cost of water- 
gas, 280 ; description of the Loomis generator, 381 ; results obtained in 
melting brass in crucibles, 281. 



324 GENERAL INDEX. 

LooMis gas plant 1897, i. 405. 

LOOS, H. A., on metallic carbonyl^. 1900, L 430. 

Lorain, Johnson steel plant at. 1895. i. 438. 

new blast-fomace plant at. 1898, iL 469. 

steel company's works. 1899, i. 413. 

LORD, E. P., on compressed-air locomotives. 1898, i. 405. 
LORD, N. W., on calorific value of coal. 1897, 1. 362. 

on coal analysis. 1897, i. 580. 

LORD, W. K., on use of anthracite in the Navy. 1898, ii. 402. 
LORENZ, N. VON, on determination of phosphorus. 1893, i. 406. 
LORENZ, R., on determination of carbon. 1894, i. 600. 
on volatility of manganese. 1894, i. 598. 

LORI, F., on magnetic properties of iron and steeL 1894, ii. 443 ; 1896^ 

i. 467. 
I^RRAiNE, excursion to. 1900, iL 37a 
iron industry. 1890, ii. 870 ; 1900, ii. 608. 

iron ore deposiU of. 1895, i.276; 1897, i. 380; 1898, iL 345 ; 1898, 

i. 279, ii. 310 ; 1900, i. 269, iL 404. 

iron trade statistics of. 1890, ii. ^70. 

oolitic iron ores of. 1890, i. 190 ; 1898, i. 334. 

LOSANITSCH, S. M. . on iron ore from Servia. 1896, i. 303. 

on Jelica meteorite. 1892, ii. .328. 

LOSS, H. v., on flow of steel. 1900, i. 407. 

Loss of carbon in rusted pig iron. 1891, i. 426. 

of heat in blast-furnaces. 1893, i. 292. 

of iron in cupola-melting. 1898, i. 466. 

of manganese in the cupola. 1895, i. 407. 

of metal in basic Bessemer process. 1896, i. 458. 

LOTTI, B., on the mines of Elba. 1895. i. 186. 

LOUIS, D. A., on electrical power. 1894, ii. 133. 

Paper on *'The iron industry of Hungary," 1897, ii. 193 ; Kerpely's paper 
on the subject, 193 ; present metallurgical production, 194 ; the fire 
industrial districts, 195 ; Libet blast-furnace, 196 ; works in G5m6r 
county, 196 ; Zips county, 201 ; Abauj-Toma county, 203 ; Borsod connty, 
203 ; Hunyad county, 204 ; Udvarhely county, 207 : Krasso-Siortey 
county, 207 ; Resicza works, 20S ; Anina works, 209 ; the Rimamaruiy 
company, 209 ; Salgo-Tarjan steelworks, 214 ; production from 1882 to 
1895, 218 ; the Union company, 221 ; iron industry of Croatia and Slavonia, 
223 ; Bosnia and Herzegovina, 223 ; appendix ; data relating to Hungarian 
blast-furnaces, 225. 

on iron ore in Sweden. 1899, i. 287, ii. 815. 

report on excursion to St. Chamond. 1900, ii. 370l 

LOUIS, H., on coal-mining. 1897, i. 438 

on composition of British coals. 1900, ii. 433. 

on diffusion of elements in iron. 1899, i. 117. 

on electricity in mines. 1900, iL 470. 

Paper on ''An improved dipping needle," 1899, L 80; methodi of 
making magnetic surveys, 80 ; description and new form of dipping 
needle, 81. — Ducuasion : E. P. Martin, 84 ; H. Bauerman, 84. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 214. 

on iron industry in the Ural. 1898, i. 455. 



— on mine timber. 1898, ii. 434 ; 1899, i. 843. 

— on the mining engineer. 1898. i. 582. 



GENBRAL INDEX. 325 

LOUIS, H., on puddliDg. 1898, i. 135 : 1895, ii. 62. 

on ventilation of coUierieH. 1899, ii. 381. 

LOUISENTHAL, coal-washing at. 1891, ii. 231. 

LOU TOUGUIN, L., on Russian coal. 1897, ii. 314. 

LOVE, E. O., on valuation of fuel gas. 1892, i. 310. 

LOVENDAL, A. S., book on metallurgy by. 1899, i. 507. 

LOVIBOND, J. W., on a tintometer. 1890, L 369. 

LOW, A. H., on determination of manganese. 1893, i 418. 

LOW, A. P., on iron ore in Canada. 1900, ii. 411. 

LOW, E., on screening and picking coal. 1893, i. 287. 

Low Field mine, pumping plant at. 1897, ii. 290. 

Low tension system of shot firing. 1891, ii. 203. 

LOWAG, J., on iron ore in Austria. 1894, ii. 276 ; 1899, i. 278 ; 1900, i. 266. 

on magnetite in Austrian Silesia. 1898, ii. 343. 

LOWE, John Edgar, obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 255. 

LOWENSTEIN, on ventilation of collieries. 1900, i. 334. 

LOWER, M. A., on history of iron. 1898, i. 478. 

Lower Alsace, petroleum in. 1891, i. 309. 

Amazon district, iron ores of. 1898, ii. 365. 

LOWNDS, L., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1900, ii. 542. 

LOXLEY, Thomas Brown, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

LOZ^, E., book on mining by. 1900, i. 495. 

on scarcity of coal. 1900, i. 447. 

LUCAS, M., on determination of phosphorus and sulphur. 1898, ii. 559. 

LUCCHESI. E., on determination of sulphur in coal. 1899, ii. 492. 

LUCKE, on shaft sinking. 1896, ii. 322. 

LUCKMAN, J. F., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

LUCKOW, C, on determination of iron. 1893, i. 417. 

Lucy furnaces. 1890, s. v. 247, 429. 

LCDDENS, M., on lignite of Cilly, Styria. 1891,. i. 283. 

LUDEEING, C, on determination of titanium. 1891, i. 445. 

LUDGATE, B. A., on iron and manganese ores in Indian territory. 1892, 
i. 277. 

LUDINOTON mine, shaft-sinking at. 1895, i. 295. 

LUEDECKE, O., book on mining by. 1897, i. 629. 

on graphite in Saxony. 1896, ii. 297. 

on iron ore in the Harz. 1897, i. 330. 

LUEG, C, on German imports and exports. 1899, ii. 506. 

LUEG, H., on shaft-sinking. 1893, ii. 389. 

LUETSCHER, G. L., on American pig iron. 1891, ii. 245, 246. 

Luhrig process of washing coal. 1898, i. 287, ii. 155. 

LUKASZEWSEI, A., on deep boring. 1899, i. 335. 

on electric transmission of power in ozokerite mines. 1898, i. 399. 

on shaft-sinking. 1900, i. 322. 

LULEA, exports of ore from. 1896, ii. 480. 

shipping ore at. 1898, ii. 285. 

LUMPSBY iron mines. 1891, ii. 155 ; 1898, ii. 46. 

LUNDBOHM, H.— 

Paper on **The iron ore deposits of Kiirunavaara and Luossavaara," 
1898, ii. Ill ; earliest mention of the ore field, 111 ; reoent investigations 
of the iron ore resources of Kiirunavaara, 112; geographical situation, 112 ; 



326 GKNEHAL INDEX. 

LUNDBOHM, H. {earUinued)— 

geology of the ore deposits, 113 ; ore available, 116 ; five types of ore, 117 ; 
phosphorus contents, 120 ; geology of Luossavaara, 121. — Discuanon : W. 
Whitwell, 124 ; H. G. Turner, 125. 

on iron ore in Sweden. 1898, i. 343. 

on sampling iron ores. 1895, ii. 391. 

LUNDEBERG, 6., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

LUNDEBERG, Kristian Wilhelm, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

LUNDSTROM, Abnold Fredrik, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 

LUNDSTROM, C. H., on chrome iron ore linings. 1891, i. 276. 

on foundry pig iron made from Swedish iron ores. 1890, i. 293. 

on metallic bismuth in a blast-fa rnace. 1891, i. 368. 

on Swedish manganese ore. 1891, ii. 182. 

LUNDVIK, Carl Joiian, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

LUNGE, G.. on determination of carbon. 1891, ii. 322 ; 1893, ii 528 ; 1804, 
ii. 484 ; 1898, i. 533. 

on gas analysis in iron works. 1892, i. 497. 

on international standards for analysis of iron. 1890, ii. 605. 

on P. Ritter von Tunner. 1890, ii. 488. 

on precipitation of alumina and ferric-oxide. 1890, L 376. 

on recovery of by-products. 1897, it 326. 

on water-gas. 1894, ii. 346. 

LUOSSAVAARA iron ore deposits. 1898, ii. 121. 
LUPTON, A., book on mining by. 1894, i. 650. 

on application of power for mining purposes. 1890, i. 258. 

on medium fan. 1890, i. 263. 

on spontaneous combustion of coal. 1898, ii. 416. 

LURMANN, F., jun., on a new American open-hearth plant. 1900, ii. 528. 

on recent improvements in steel manufacture. 1900, ii. 523. 

LDRMANN, F. W., on American blast-furnaces. 1898, i. 455. 

on Appolt coke-oven. 1894, ii. 338. 

on arrangement of brickwork in hot-blast stoves. 1890, ii. 754. 

on blast-furnace gas. 1897, i. 459. 

on blowing engines. 1900, i. 351. 

on carbon deposits in blast-furnace linings. 1898, i. 433. 

on charging blast-furnaces. 1898, ii. 459. 

on charging blast-furnaces mechanically. 1900, ii. 494. 

on Cowper stove. 1890, ii. 753. 

on damping down blast-furnaces. 1900, i. 347. 

on destruction of blast-furnace linings. 1892, i. 397. 

on German blast-furnace progress. 1896, ii. 468. 

on hot- blast stoves. 1897, i. 465. 

on Imperial Japanese steelworks. 1900, i. 388. 



— on imports of iron ore in Germany. 1895, ii. 614. 

— on improvements in blast-furnace construction. 1892, i. 395. 

— on iron industry of Luxemburg. 1895, ii. 616. 

— on progress of the open-hearth process. 1890, i. 312. 

— on purification of blast-furnace gas. 1890, ii. 753. 

— on refractory masonry of blast-furnaces. 1892, ii. 425. 

— on Semet-Solvay coke-oven. 1892, ii. 373. 

— on silicon carbide. 1898, i. 484. 



GENERAL INDEX. 327 

LURMANN, F. W., on slag bricks for building. 1898, i. 458. 

on slag tuyere in Germany. 1891, ii. 242. 

on structural steel. 1896, i. 480. 

on transport of iron ore in Hungary and Prussia. 1891, i. 451. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace gases. 1898, i. 436; 1899, ii. 401. 

on Youngstown blast-furnaces. 1900, i. 346. 

Li/RMANN coke-ovens. 1890, ii. 698. 

LUTHEIi, R., on separation of ferric oxide and alumina. 1892, ii. 522. 

LtFTHGEN, H., on composition of fire-bricks. 1896, i. 324, 

on mining in Ruhr coalfield. 1892, ii. 416. 

on rescue appliances for collieries. 1900, ii. 481. 

Luxemburg, ancient iron mines in. 1895, ii. 387. 

blast-furnace, zinc oxide in a. 1898, i. 435. 

direct recarburisation in. 1891, ii. 277. 

iron industry of. 1890, ii. 874 ; 1895, ii. 616 ; 1898, i. 561. 

iron ore in. 1890, s. v. 125 ; 1893, i. 180 ; 1899, it 310; 1900, ii. 612. 

manufacture of iron in. 1892, ii. 426 ; 1895, i. 398. 

minette ores of. 1895, i. 276. 

pig iron. 1895, ii. 478 ; 1896, ii. 365. 

statistics of. 1894, ii. 515; 1895, i. 533; 1896, i. 560, ii. 472; 1898, 

ii. 681 ; 1899, i. 490, ii. 510 ; 1900, i. 466. 

LUZI, W., on formation of graphite. 1891, ii. 166. 

on graphite. 1892, i. 306, ii. 345 ; 1893, ii. 334. 

LYCHEXHEIM, J., on determination of phosphorus. 1894, i. 620. 

LYLE. D. A., on tests of ordnance steel. 1895, ii. 579. 

LYMAN, B. S., on coal in Pennsylvania. 1898, ii 401. 

on Japanese swords. 1896, i. 481. 

on Pennsylvania anthracite beds. 1895, ii. 414. 

on Pennsylvania coalfield. 1893, i. 230. 

LYNAM, Henry M., elected member. 1891, ii. 4. 

obituary notice of. 1896, i. 286. 

LYON, M. W., on electric rock-drills. 1893, ii. 325. 



M. 

MABERY, C. F., on chemistry of petroleum. 1900, ii 453. 

on composition of sulphur petroleum. 1895, ii. 423. 

on determination of sulphur. 1896, it 456. 

MCALLISTER, A. S., on underground haulage. 1900, ii. 468. 
MoBEAN, Alexander, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 
McBEAN, Thomas, elected member. 1898, i. 3. 
M'CALLEY, H., books on mining by. 1892, ii. 566 ; 1897, ii. 662. 

on bauxite. 1893, i. 208 ; 1894, ii. 308. 

on coal in Alabama. 1900, ii. 439. 

on iron ore in Alabama. 1897, i. 340, 341. 

on mining in Alabama. 1897, i. 361. 



McCALLIE, S. W., on iron ore in Georgia. 1900, i. 277. 
M'CARTHY, S., on electric welding. 1896, iL 388. 
McCHARLES, A., on coal in Canada. 1896, ii. 301 ; 1897, L 382. 



328 GENERAL INDEX. 

M*CLOUD, S., on re-rolling old steel rails. 1898, i. 354. 
M'CLURE, M., on new hot-blast stoves. 1892, ii. 431. 
MACCO, A., on iron ore deposits of the Krivoi Rog. 1898, ii. 851. 
M'CONNEL, William Hould8WOrth, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 
BfCONNELL, R. G., on coal in Canada. 189i, i. 44G. 

on iron ore in Canada. 1894, i. 412. 

McCGNNELL, W., on gases in coal. 1892, i. 316 ; 1894, i. 502. 
MACGOUN, A. E., on charging blast-furnaces mechanicallj. 1900, iL 494. 
McCOWAN, William, obituary notice of. 1900, i. 265. 
M*CULLOCH, R., on electric welding. 1896, i. 474. 
M'CULLUM and Sort's gas-producer. 1890, ii. 706. 
M*DGWELL, F. H., on magnetic concentration. 1892, ii. 340. 

on ore-dressing by electricity at Tilly Foster mine. 1890, ii. 674. 

MCDOWELL, M., on cast iron. 1899, i. 389. 

on semi-steel. 1898, ii. 481. 

-; on testing of cast iron. 1894, ii. 453. 

on value of metalloids in cast iron. 1896, ii. 862 ; 1898, i. 466. 

M'ELROY, K. P., on determination of iron. 1895, ii. 601. 

MACFARLANE, G., on cannel coal in Southern United States. 1890, L 

233. 
on coal in Kentucky. 1896, i. 341. 

M*FARLANE, G. C, on diamond boreholes. 1899, ii. 32^. 

on shaft-sinking. 1900, ii. 463. 

MACFARLANE, John, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 
MACFARLANE, W., on blast-furnace burdens. 1900, i. 347. 

on determination of phosphoru.«. 1898, i. 406. 

on gas analysis in ironworks. 1893, i. 421. 

M*GHIE, J., on electricity in mines. 1899, i. 341. 
McGILLIVRAY, W. A., on pure iron. 1896, ii. 426. 
M*GGVERN, W., on manganese ore. 1896, i. 313. 
McGGWAN, E., on underground haulage. 1896, ii. 325. 
MACH, F., on analysis of basic slag. 1896, ii. 455. 
MoHENRY, A., oniron ore in Antrim. 1896, ii. 362. 
Machine, boring and turning. 1892, ii. 468. 

briquette. 1891, i. 277 ; 1893, ii. 41i». 

Bryant wire-nail. 1890, ii. H05. 

cleaning, safety -lamp. 1890, i. 268. 

edging. 1893,'u. 486. 

electric diamond boring. 1890, i. 209. 

for converter bottoms. 1892, i. 433. 

for expanding sheet metal. 1890, ii. 8(K}. 

for shaping axles. 1890, ii. 805. 

pipe-threading and cutting-off. 1891, i. 411. 

pipe-welding. 1890, ii. 811 ; 1892, ii. 462. 

rail loading. 1895, ii. 495. 

shafting and pipe straightening. 1891, i. 411. 

shearing. 1890, ii. 768 ; 1893, ii. 4S0. 

shop, electric motor in. 1895, i. 454. 

shop foundations. 1898, i. 500. 

steel-sawing. 1890, ii. 802. 

Sweeney, wire-nail. 1890, ii. 805. 



GENERAL INDEX. 329 

Machinb tools. 1890, i. 338 ; 1891, i. 414 ; 1898, i 496. 
universal milling. 1890, i. 337. 

Machinery, coal-cutting. 1890, i. 259, 261 ; 1891, ii. 202 ; 1892, i. 358, ii. 

404 ; 1893, i. 266 ; 1894, i. 494, ii. 362 ; 1895, ii. 441 ; 1896, i. 375, ii. 331 ; 

1897, i. 423, ii. 354; 1898, i. 410, ii. 435 ; 1899, i. 344, ii. 374 ; 1900, i. 327, 

ii 471. 

coal-washing. 1892, ii. 419. 

for charging open-hearth f urnace;:. 1897, i. 89. 

iron and steel work. 1898, i. 482. 

mining, at the Paris Exhibition. 1890, ii. 712. 

modern steelworks. 1895, ii. 496. 

pumping, at the Kladno colliery. 1891, ii. 218. 

pumping, notes on. 1891, ii. 215. 

roughing train and doubling. 1891, ii. 259. 

tube-making. 1891, ii. 290. 

Machines, bending, straightening, and flanging. 1890, i. 337 ; 1891, i. 414, 
ii. 291 ; 1892, I 447, ii. 465 ; 1895, ii. 534. 

boring and drilling. 1890, i. 336 ; 1891, ii. 206, 294 ; 1892, 1. 452 ; 1895, 

i. 454. 

cutting and punching. 1890, i. 337, ii. 802 ; 1891, ii. 262 ; 1892, ii. 469. 



for drilling square and polygonal holes. 1890, ii. 802. 

hand-boring. 1896, i. 374. 

moulding. 1890, ii. 763 ; 1891, i. 372, ii. 252 ; 1892, ii. 444 ; 1898, 

i. 316. 

planing and drilling. 1890, i. 337, 338. ii. 801 ; 1892, i. 450. 

planing, shaping, and milling. 1892, ii. 466. 

planing, shaping, and slotting. 1891, ii. 292. 

testing. 1890, i. 360, ii. 834 ; 1891, ii. 312 ; 1892, i. 469, ii. 491 ; 1896, 



i. 509. 

wire-drawing. 1891, ii. 210 ; 1892, ii. 464. 



M'lLWAIN, J. D., on metal underframes for rolling-stock. 1894, i. 566. 
M*INTOSH, H. P., on nickel steel. 1895, ii. 565. 
McIVOR, R W. E., on analysis of chrome iron ore. 1900, ii. 585. 
McKAY, A., on chrome ore in New Zealand. 1898, i. 355. 

on coal in New Zealand. 1899, ii. 347. 

M*E£NNA, A. G., on analysis of chrome aod tungsten steel 1900, ii 
580. 

on analysis of chrome ore. 1897, ii. 508. 

on determination of aluminium. 1891, ii. 327. 

on determination of manganese. , 1891, ii. 326. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1894, i. 612. 

M*KENNA, E. W., on re-rolling steel rails. 1895, i. 450 ; ii. 530. 
MACKINTOSH, J. B., on fayalite from Colorado. 1891, ii 144. 

on iron sulphates of Chili. 1890, i. 190 ; 1891, i. 259. 

M*Lanahan ore washer. 1890, ii. 670. 

MCLAREN, B., on mining statistics. 1900, ii. 527. 

MACLAREN, Colin F., elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 

MACLAREN, R., on boring machine for tapping wastes. 1891, ii. 206. 

on new use for old ropes. 1892, i. 349. 

on working thick coal seams by longwall. 1890, ii. 716. 

MCLAREN, W. S. B., elected member. 1898, ii. 6. 
M'LAUREN, J. J., on petroleum. 1897, i. 394. 



330 6EKKRAL INDEX. 

MACLAT, D. M.. jon., elected member. 1900. L 2. 

McMillan. W. G., books on metaUargr bj. 1900, ii 891 ; 1897, L GST. 

elected member. 1891, L 3. 

Report of ** An exhibition of industries of Birmin^iam." 1886^ U. 33S. 

on arsenic in steel. 1896, i. ISS. 

on colour gauges. 1894, ii. 176. 

Paptr on ** Colour gauges for carbon testing,** 1891, iL 137. — Intro- 
dnctorr, 157: older forms of colour gauges. 158; essentials of a good 
colour gauee, 163: disc colour gauge, 164: experimental results, 169. 
—Corr(fp(^detiC€: G. S. Packer. 171; A. Philip. 171; C. H. Ridsdale, 
173 ; J. E. Stead. 175 ; T. Turner (Stafford). 176 ; W. G. IfcMillnn, 176. 

on electro-deposition of iron. 1890, ii. 767. 

on relation of carbon to iron at high temperatures. 1897, L 186. 



M'MURTRIE, G. E. J., on coal screening. 1891. i. 5ia 

on compressed air. 1897, i. 416. 

on co>t of haulage. 1898. i. 405. 

on mine drainage. 1899, ii. 3K>. 



on new pumping plant. 1891, i. 495. 

on shaft-sinking. 1898, L 403. 

on Somersetshire coalfield. 1892. i. 320. 

on winding appliances. 1900. L 324. 

on wire ropes. 1896, ii. 323. 

McMURTRY, G. G.. on aluminium in steel ingots. 1891, iL 275, 2^7. 
M*KAB, W.. on explosires. 1891, iL 361. 
MACNAUGHTON, J., on mine dams. 1900, L 284. 
MACKEE, Daniel, obituary notice of. 1891, L 393. 
McNeill, B., appointed scrutineer. 1898, ii. 4. 

books on mining by. 1893, i. 4>1 ; 1899, IL 5:^. 

elected member. 1891, i. 3. 



McNeill, h. c— 

Paper on *' Some forms of magnetic separators, and their amlication 
to different ores," 1899, ii. 18. 1. Wenstrctm machine, 19; 2. Ifonarch 
separator, 30 ; 3. Dellwik-Grcndal separator, 35 : 4. Heberle separator, 
3^; 5. Wetherill machine. 43.— />ijctct«ion : J. RilcT, 45; G. J. Snelos, 
46 ; Sir L. Bell, 4S ; J. E. Stead, A9.— Correspondence : Editor Emguuering 
Xevt, 5<.» ; H. Bauerman. 51. 

McNeill, William, elected mem'oer. 1897, ii. 7. 

MACNUTT, I., on tests of ordnance steel. 1895, iL 579. 

MACPHER:^0N. M. A., on iron ore in Cape Breton. 1899, ii. 319. 

Mcpherson, W. D., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601. 

MACQUET. A., on shot firing. 1893. ii.'394. 

on Tentilating appliances. 1898, i. 277. 

MACSWINNEY, R. F., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 552. 

M'TAGGART, J. R., on coal. 1896, L 328. 

MAC TEAR, J., on coal in Persia. 1895. L 323. 

McWILLIAM, A., elected member. 1896, L 3. 

on action of metalloids on cast iron. 1898, ii. 223. 

on brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing. 1898, iL 162. 

on diffusion of elements in iron. 1899, i. 85. 

on solution theory of carburised iron. 1899, ii. 191. 



MADERSPACH, L.. on coal deposits of the Neograd district. 1896, iL 30a 
Madras, magnetite from. 1891, i. 423. 



GENERAL INDEX. 331 

Madrid, fall of meteorites Id. 1897, i. 347. 

school of mines at. 1892, ii. 547. 

MAERCKER, M. H., on agricultural value of basic slag. 1896, i. 469. 
MAESTRACCr, M., on solidification of petroleum. 1894, i. 471. 
MAGERY, J., on basic open-hearth steel. 1898, ii. 500. 
MAGNANINI, Gaetano, on determining calorific value. 1900, ii. 586. 
Magnesia and sulphur in blast-furnace slag. 1895, i. 405. 

bricks. 1892, i. 307, ii. 345 ; 1898, i 212. 

determination of. 1890, i. 376. 

for the basic process, preparation of. 1890, ii. 737. 

Magnesite. 1899, ii. 337 ; 1900, i. 290. 

and dolomite. 1896, i. 304. 

in Euboea. 1895, ii. 396. 

in Lapland. 1895, ii. 396. 

in the Ural. 1891, i. 275. 

Styrian deposits of. 1893, i. 210. 

use of, for basic linings. 1890, i. 315. 

Magnesium in pig iron. 1892, ii. 438. 

zinc iron alloys. 1893, i. 397. 

Magnetic concentrating plant. 1893, ii. 328. 

concentration at Michigamme mine. 1890, ii. 672. 

concentration of iron ores. 1890, s. v. 350 ; 1891, i. 272, ii. 160 ; 1894, 

ii. 291 ; 1896, ii. 116 : 1897, ii. 294 ; 1898, ii. 377 ; 1899, i. 302, ii 332 ; 

1900, i. 288, ii. 421. 

examination of boreholes. 1898, i. 403. 

iron ore, exploring for. 1894, i. 426. 

iron ore in Brazil. 1891, ii. 148; 1895, i. 286. 

iron ore in Eastern Ontario. 1899, ii. 318. 

iron ore in North Carolina. 1892, i. 278. 

iron ore mines, pyrites in the Croton. 1892, ii. 317. 

iron ore, pulverising, at the Croton mines. 1892, i. 300. 

maps, preparation of. 1897, i. 351. 

ore separator, Wenstrom's. 1890, i. 212. 

oxide, formation of. 1893, i. 194. 

permeability of soft steels. 1890, i. 352. 

properties in iron rust. 1893, i. 398. 

properties of aluminium iron. 1892, ii. 490. 

properties of iron and steel. 1890, i. 352 ; 1893, ii. 493 ; 1894, i. 673, 

ii. 442 ; 1895, i. 457, ii. 546 ; 1896, i. 491, ii. 3i»7 ; 1897, i. 524, ii. 453 ; 

1898, i. 504, ii. 528 ; 1899, i. 421, ii. 453 ; 1900, i. 402, ii. 542. 

properties of iron, testing. 1890, ii. 837. 

properties of magnetite. 1892, i. 282. 

properties of manganese steel. 1890, ii. 837. 

separation of iron ore. 1891, I 273 ; 1892, i. 300, ii. 338 ; 1893, i. 206 



1894, i. 428 ; 1895, ii. 390 ; 1896, i. 316 ; 1897, i. 354. 

— separation, Wetherill method. 1896, ii. 290. 

— separators. 1890, ii. 675 ; 1899, ii. 18. 
survey of Great Britain. 1895, ii. 388. 



Magnetisation of iron, electro-chemical effects. 1893. ii. 520. 

of iron, influence of temperature on. 1892, ii. 488. 

of iron ore. 1890, ii. 671 ; 1893, ii. 331. 



332 GENERAL INDEX. 

Magnetisation of rails. 1893, ii. 494. 
Magnetism in iron. 1892, ii. 438. 

of nickel and steel. 1898, ii. 494. 

Magnetite, association of apatite with beds of. 1892, i. 282. 

belt at Cranberry, North Carolina. 1898, i. 346. 

from Madras. 1894, i. 423. 

in Austria. 1897, ii. 266. 

in Austrian Silesia. 1898, ii. 343. 

in Italv. 1900, i. 270. 

in minerals and rocks. 1893, i. 194. 

in minette ore. 1896, i. 299. 

in New Jersey. 1892, i. 278. 

magnetic properties of. 1892, i. 282 ; 1896, ii. 373. 

mine, Morawitzka. 1892, i. 267. 

occurrence of, in British Columbia. 1898, i. 343. 

of Ontario. 1890, ii. 658 ; 1891, ii. 143. 

of Port Henry. 1890, s. v. 363. 

pseudomorphous after haematite. 1898, i. 173. 

pseudomorphs of. 1896, ii. 375. 

stanniferous. 1891, i. 258. 

treatment of, in United States. 1893, ii. 329. 



Magnets, effects of steam on. 1892, i. 465. 

for blast-furnace use. 1890, ii. 751. 

for hoisting purposes. 1897, ii. 421. 

hardening steel. 1892, ii. 489. 

steel for permanent. 1890, ii. 838. 

wrought or cast iron for. 1893, i. 367. 

MAGNUSON, TORD, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 
MAGOT, M. L., on regenerative furnaces. 1891, ii. 20(>. 
MAGRUDER, W. T., on testing metals. 1900, i. 414. 
MAGUIRE, D., on coal in Utah. 1899, ii. 349. 

on fire-damp explosions. 1900, ii. 471). 

MAHLER, P., books on metallurgy by. 1891, i. 483, ii. 366 ; 1892, iL 555. 

on calorific power of fuels. 1892, i. 309, ii. 346. 

on calorimetry. 1892, i. 308. 

on determination of fuel efficiency. 1892, i. 225. 

— on early French metallurgy. 1894, i. 634. 

on steel castings. 1891, i. 406. 

MAHON, R. H., book on metallurgy by. 1899, ii. 530. 

on charcoal used in iron-smelting. 1899, ii. 352. 

on coking of Indian coal. 1899, ii. 357. 

Paper on '* India as a centre for steel manufacture," 1899, ii. 83 ; 
consumption of manufactured steel in India. 83 ; coal output, 84 ; iron 
ore, 84 ; freight, 85 ; labour question, 86. — Discutsion : H. Bauermann, 
•88 ; R. Price- Williams, SS. —CorrcspondcTicc : C. von Schwarz, 89 ; H. G. 
Turner, 99. 

on iron manufacture in India. 1899, ii. 512. 



MAHON, R. W., on determination of chromium. 1900, i, 436. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1897, ii. 603; 1898, ii. 556. 

on slag cement. 1894, ii. 394. 

on titration of iron. 1894, i, 617. 



GENERAL INDEX. 333 

MAI, E., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1894, ii. 443. 

MAIN, James A., elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 

MAIN, J. M., on working haematite in Whitehaven district. 1895, i. 292. 

MAIR, George John, elected member. 1898, i. 3. 

MAIS, H. F., on steel propeller shafts. 1892, i. 475. 

MAJANOVIC, T. VON, on Hungarian coal. 1897, i. 374. 

MAKEPEACE. H. R., on colliery explosions. 1891, i. 337. 

Making of middle lias ironstone of the Midlands. 1896, i. 74. 

MAKUC, E., on dynamite in Austrian mines. 1893, ii. 394. 

Malabar, iron and smelting in. 1891, ii. 254. 

Malaga, iron ore deposits of. 1898, ii. 309. 

Malapane royal ironworks. '1895, ii. 475. 

Malaysia, coal in. 1891, ii. 184. 

coalfields of. 1892, ii. 361. 

MALCOLM, J., on pumping machinery. 1891, ii. 216. 

MALLABAND, JOHN, obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 256. 

MALL AD A, L., on coal deposits of northern Spain. 1894, i. 443. 

on coalfields of Castile. 1894, ii. 322. 

on Sabero coalfield. 1893, i. 224. 

MALLALIEU, Henrt, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

MALLARD, E., on silicon ferro-manganese. 1898, iL 485. 

Malleable cast iron. 1892, ii. 492 ; 1895, ii. 527 ; 1897, ii. 410 ; 1900, i. 415. 

cast iron, strength of. 1891, ii. 312. 

cast iron, tests of. 1894, ii. 455. 

castinpTs. 1890, ii. 810 ; 1893, i. 349 ; 1898, i. 475, ii. 517 ; 1899. i. 390, 

ii. 415; 1900, i. 363, ii. 511. 
iron, carburisation of. 1892, i. 427, ii. 451 ; 1893, i. 323, ii. 457 ; 1894. 

i. 544, ii. 408 ; 1895, i. 423, ii. 502 ; 1896, i. 440, ii. 373 ; 1897, i. 498. ii. 

422 ; 1898, i. 484, ii. 494 ; 1899, i. 403, ii. 426 ; 1900. i. 378. ii. 520. 

iron for railway vehicles. 1890, ii. 805. 

iron in Belgium, manufacture of. 1898, i. 476. 

iron, production of. 1890, i. 304, ii. 765, s. v. 196* ; 1891, i. 376, ii. 



254 ; 1892, i. 412, ii. 446 ; 1893, i. 317, ii. 448; 1894, i. 638, ii. 339, 402 ; 

1895, i. 412, ii. 491 ; 1896, i. 432, ii. 366 ; 1897. i. 491, ii. 414 ; 1898, i. 474. 

ii. 484 ; 1899, i. 393, ii. 417 ; 1900, i. 366, ii. 513. 
MALLET, A., on natural gas in the United States. 1897, ii. 336. 
MALLORY, W. S., on spirally-welded tubes. 1890, i. 333. 
MALO. L., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601. 
MALOT. C. on determination of phosphorus. 1892, i. 488. 
MALTBY, H. E., on enlarging a shaft. 1897, i. 411. 
MALTBY, Robert Binglby, elected member. 1898, i. 3. 
MALZ, C, on invention of Bessemer process. 1897, ii. 436. 
Mammoth coal-seam. 1897, ii. 320. 
Management of cupolas. 1893. ii. 446. 

of hot-blast stoves. 1891, ii. 243. 

Manchester Cathedral. 1899, ii. 247. 

Corn, Grocery, and Produce Exchange. 1899, ii. 247. 

Corporation abattoirs and cold stores. 1899, ii. 281, 282. 

Corporation foreign animals wharf. 1899, ii. 282. 

Corporation gasworks. 1899, ii. 280. 

Corporation hydraulic pumping station. 1899, ii. 283. 

Crematorium. 1899, ii. 284. 



334 GENERAL INDEX. 

Manchester Meeting. 18d9, ii. 1. 

Monicipal Technical School. 1899, ii. 283. 

Ship Canal. 1899, ii. 266. 

Town Hall. 1899, ii. 246. 

MANCUSOLIMA, G., on analysis of basic slag. 1898, i. 419. 

MANDRY, H., book on metallurgj bv. 1895, ii. 683. 

Manganese and its alloys free from carbon, manufacture of. 1898, i. 801. 

and nickel chromium, reduction of. 1893, i. 302. 

and sulphur in pig iron. 1892, i. 404. 

and tungsten, alloys with. 1896, i, 222. 

beds of Arkansas. 1894, ii. 287. 

deposits, formation of. 1891, i. 265. 

deposits of Huelva. 1895, ii. 378. 

determination of. 1890, i. 372 ; 1891, i. 437, ii. 326, 330 ; 1882, 1. 489, 

493. ii. 512, 522; 1893, i. 403, 418. ii. 530; 1894, L 613 i 1896, i. 507, ii. 

595 ; 1896, i. 534, ii. 442, 448 ; 1897, ii. 497 ; 1898, i. 534, 539, ii. 557 ; 

1899, i. 465 ; 1900, i. 433, ii. 575, 583. 

district, Covadonga. 1892, ii. 330 ; 1895, ii. 379 ; 1896, iL 139. 

in cast iron. 1891, ii. 247 ; 1898, ii. 547. 

in the cupola, loss of. 1895, i. 407. 

in the finery process. 1899, ii. 417. 

in iron ores and pig iron. 1899, i. 383. 

in open-hearth piocesss. 1899, i. 407. 

influence of, on cast iron. 1898, ii. 206. 

influence of, on critical points of iron and steel. 1890, i. 57. 

ingot metal. 1890, ii. 836. 

iron, and aluminium, triple alloys of. 1892, ii. 508. 

irregularity of, in f ei ro-manganese. 1893, i. 313. 

natural oxides of. 1895, i. 291. 

ore. 1890, i. 210 ; 1894, i. 422 ; 1897, i. 348, 349, ii. 281. 

ore, chemical preparation of low-grade. 1890, ii. 678. 

ore, composition of. 1890, ii. 663. 

ore deposits by lateral secretion, formation of. 1892, i. 287. 

ore, determination of cobalt in. 1892, i. 494. 

ore in the Argentine R(*public. 1890, i. 202. 

ore in Arkansas. 1891, ii. 152. 

ore in Brazil. 1898, i. 355 ; 1899, ii. 322 ; 1900, i. 179, 282. 

ore in Canada. 1892, ii. 331. 

-- ore in the Caucasus. 1890, ii. 664 ; 1891, ii. 150; 1892, ii. 329 ; 1896, 



i. 312 ; 1898, ii. 356 ; 1900, ii. 417. 

ore in Chili. 1892, ii. 5.36. 

ore in Colorado. 1891, i. 259 ; 1900, i. 281. 

ore of Crimora. 1891, ii. 153. 

ore in Cuba. 1892, i. 286 ; 1893, ii. 322. 

ore of Dillenburg. 1890, i. 201. 

ore in Eastern Hunsriick. 1891, ii. 151. 

ore in France. 1893, ii. 320 ; 1900, ii. 416. 

ore in Georgia. 1892, ii. 331. 

ore in Germany. 1898, ii. 347. 

ore in llmenau. 1891, ii. 1.51. 



ore in India. 1892, i. 277 ; 1896, ii. 155. 



GBNERAL INDEX. 335 

Manganese ore in Mexico. 1892, ii. 381. 

ore in New Brunswick. 1898, ii 369. 

ore in New Zealand. 1895, ii. 381. 

ore in Russia. 1890, i. 202 ; 1891, i. 266 ; 1896, i 290 ; 1896, ii. 281 ; 

1899, ii. 313 ; 1900, ii. 616. 

ore in Spain. 1896, ii. 139 ; 1900, i. 481, ii. 617. 

ore in Sweden. 1891, ii. 152 ; 1896, i. 312. 

ore in United States. 1891, i. 266 ; 1896, i. 313 ; 1897, ii. 541 ; 1900, 



ii. 417. 

— ore in Wales. 1892, ii. 340 ; 1893, i. 200. 

— ore in Western Australia. 1890, ii. 658. 

— ore, world's output of. 1896, ii. 484. 

— reduction of. 1896, i. 400. 

— steel. 1890. ii. 836 ; 1891, ii. 309 ; 1892, ii. 502 ; 1893, i. 384, ii. 518. 

— steel alloy, fire bars of. 1894, i. 567. 

— - steel gun-shields. 1898, i. 518. 

— steel, magnetic properties of. 1890, ii. 837. 

— steel wheels. 1893, ii. 516. 

— volatility of. 1894, i. 598. 

— volumetric determination of. 1891, i. 430. 



Manuanifebous iron ore at Tymowa. 1890, ii. 656. 

iron ore in Sweden. lBd2, ii. 330. 

iron ore mining in Giessen. 1891, i. 271. 

pig iron industry of Russia. 1899, ii. 518. 

Manipulating plates in the rolling-mill. 1892, i. 425. 

MANNABERG, M., on open-hearth continuous steel process. 1900, L 80. 

MANNESMANN, F., on crucible steel. 1899, i. 404. 

Mannesmann process. 1890, ii. 770. 

tubes. 1891, ii. 296 ; 1892, i. 446. 

MANO, Fehkr, on mining law of Hungary. 1896, i. 550. 

MANSELL, J. H., on armour-plate steel 1892, i. 481. 

MANTEUFFEL, Baron von, on meteorites. 1894, ii. 292. 

MANTLE, H. G., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

MANUEL, G. W., on steel for marine forgings. 1897, ii. 471. 

Manufacture of axle-boxes. 1895, i. 451. 

of basic open -hearth steel. 1891, i. 391. 

of basic pig iron. 1890, i. 283. 

of basic slag. 1900, ii. 530. 

of best Yorkshire iron. 1900, ii. 513. 

of briquettes. 1890, ii. 696 ; 1891, i. 299 ; 1892, ii. 420 ; 1894, ii. 333, 

37H. 

of coke. 1891, ii. 191, 491 ; 1892, ii. 372 ; 1894, ii. 334 ; 1898, i. 385. 



of ferro-chromium. 1900, ii. 669. 

of ferro-manganese. 1890, i. 289. 

of galvanised iron. 1890, i. 348 ; 1891, ii. 298. 

of gas. 1893, i. 250 ; 1900, ii. 444. 

of graphite crucibles. 1890, i. 216. 

of guns, recent progress in. 1892, ii. 474. 

of horse-shoes. 1892, ii. 469. 

of ingot metal. 1890, ii. 791 ; 1894, ii. 421. 

of iron, probable future of the. 1890, ii. 406. 



336 GENERAL INDEX. 

Manufacture of magnesia bricks. 1892, iL 845. 

of malleable iron. 1891, i. 376 ; 1894, ii. 412. 

of nickel-iron and alloys. 1892, i. 416, ii. 460. 

of patent fuel. 1892, i. 392. 

of peat fuel. 1900, ii. 487. 

of pipes. 1894, i. 567. 

of projectiles. 1892, iL 476. 

of propeller shafts. 1899, ii. 446. 



— < of Scotch pig iron. 1895, ii. 462. 

— of screw shapes. 1900, i. 393. 
~ of shafts. 1891, i. 407. 

— of sheet iron. 1890, ii. 797. 

— of slag cement. 1890, i. 296. 

— of special steels. 1900, ii. 521. 

— of spiegeleisen and ferro-manganese. 1898, i 300. 

— of spiral tubing. 1890, ii. 810. 

— of steel castings. 1900, i. 392, iL 532. 

— of steel in small converters. 1892, i. 431. 

— 9f structural steel. 1900, L 393. 

— of tool steel. 1895, i. 423. 

— of war material. 1898, L 387 ; 1895, i. 451. 

— of water-gas. 1890. ii. 707. 
of wire rods. 1892, i. 447. 



Manuka CTUBED iron industry of the United Kingdom. 1897, ii. 515. 

Manure, basic slag as. 1890, i. 325 ; 1898, i. 346. 

MARBURG, E., on testing metals. 1900, L 413. 

MARCHAIS, v., on determination of arsenic. 1892, i. 495. 

MARCHAL, J., on arsenic in steel. 1899, i. 455. 

Mabohienne colliery. 1894, ii. 253. 

MARCY, W., on effect of oil on iron. 1893, iL 521. 

Mariemont collieries. 1894, ii. 242. 

glassworks. 1894, ii. 246. 

Marine engine, development of. 1890, ii. 460. 

engines, testing steel for. 1896, i. 516. 

MARKHAM, ARTHUR B., elected member. 1900, iL 5. 
MARKHAM, Sir E., speech by. 1898, L 288. 
MARKOWNIKOFF, V.. on chemistry of petroleum. 1900, ii. 453. 
MARKS, E. C. R., book on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. 600. 

on testing iron and steel. 1892, i. 47. 

on tubes. 1897, i. 516. 

MARLE, M., on Appolt coke-oven. 1894, ii. 887. 

on coke-ovens at Blanzy collieries. 1894, i. 466. 

Marles collieries, winding at the. 1892, ii. 394. 

MARLEY, Thomas Edward George, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 

on Ford and Moncur hot-blast stoves. 1896, L 43. 

on pig-breakers. 1900, ii. 495. 

MARQUET, A., books on mining by. 1893, L 451. 

on explosives. 1894, ii. 358. 

Marquette. 1890, s. v., 208. 

docks. 1890, 8. V. 400. 

docks, shipments of ore at. 1890, s. v. 400. 



GBNKBAL INDEX. 337 

Marquette iron-beariog region. 1898, i. 345. 

iron manafacture at. 1891 , i. 480. 

iron ores of. 1892, i. 274. 

range. 1890, r. v. 383. 

MARK, J. £., on origin of coal. 1900, ii. 480, 431. 
MARSCHICE, on iron allojs. 1899, ii. 462. 
MARSDEN, Benjamin, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 311. 
MARSDEN, Harry, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 
MARSH, A., elected member. 1898, i. 2. 
MARSH, F. S., on .signalling in mines. 1893, i 283. 
MARSHALL, H., on blast-furnace practice. 1898, i. 91. 
MARSHALL, J. G., on handling coal. 1900, i. 344. 
MARSHAL!^ S. B., on discrepancies in analyses. 1898, ii. 554. 

on foundry iron. 1900, i. 362. 

MARSHALL, William Bayluy, elected member. 1895, ii. 7. 

MARTEL, M., on testing. 1897, i. 533. 

MARTELL, B., on experiments with basic steel. 1892, i. G4. 

on progress of materials for shipbuilding. 1891, ii. 58. 

MARTELLI, D.. on analy.>is of basic slag. 1898, i. 420. 

MARTEN, H. J., obituary notice of. 1892, ii. 296. 

MARTENS, A., books on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. 600 ; 1900, i. 493. 

on influence of size of test-pieces. 1896, ii. 407. 

on influence of temperature on strength of iron. 1890, ii. 825. 

on iron cylinders. 1896, ii. 419 ; 1897, i. 562. 

on microscopic metallurgy. 1892, ii. 485 ; 1893, i. 368, ii. 488 ; 1894, 

ii. 442 ; 1896, i. 487. 

on mild steel as a structural material. 1892, i. 477. 

on rolling. 1897, i. 527. 

on steel rails. 1896, ii. 414 ; 1900, ii. 563. 

on testing cast iron. 1898, ii. 533; 1899, i. 435. 

on testing machines. 1899, i. 434. 

on tests of wire rope. 1899, ii. 470. 

on texture of rail heads. 1892, ii. 498. 



MARTENS, F. F., on magnetic properties of iron. 1897, i. 524. 

MARTIN, Sir Acquin, elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

MARTIN, Charles Stanley, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 

MARTIN, E. A., on Kent coalfield. 1897, ii. 309. 

MARTIN, E. H., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

MARTIN, E. P., acknowledgment of thanks by. 1898, i. 16. 

acknowledgment of welcome to Stockholm. 1898, ii. 2. 

address of welcome to the King of Sweden. 1898, iL 232. 

elected President. 1896, ii. 2. 

member of committee on steel rails. 1896, i. 10. 

on action of explosives on tubes of hteel gnns. 1898, ii. 241. 

on action of metalloids on cast iron. 1898, IL 225. 

on aluminium steel. 1890, ii. 194. 

on American blast-furnaces. 1890, it 71. 

on American standard specifications. 1900, ii. 239. 

on application of belts to the shipment of coal. 1897, ii. 10, 21. 

on Bertrand-Thiel open-hearth process. 1897, i. 140. 

Y 



338 GENERAL INDEX. 

MARTIN, B. P., on blast-furnaces. 1894. i. 91. 

on brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing. 1886, ii. 155. 

on characteristic features of Swedish iron ore mining^. 1898, ii. 

75. 

on coke-ovens. 1898, i. 58. 

on danger of using too hard steel raiU. 1898, ii 93, 96. 

on desulphnrisation. 1892, i. 117 ; 1893, i. 94. 

on development of Swedish iron industry. 1898, ii. 33. 

on metal mixers. 1895, i. 7*2. 

on new form of Siemens furnace. 1890, i. 34. 

on open-hearth continuous process. 1900, i. 66. 

on permanent way. 1898, i. 125. 

on pyrometers. 1898, i. 118. 

on roasting iron ores. 1896, ii. 135. 

on sand on pig iron. 1896, ii. 1 7r>. 

on steel rails. 1900, ii. 668. 

on suggestions for improvement of rolling-mills. 1900, ii. 271. 

on Walrand-Legenisel process. 1896, ii. 113. 

Presidential address by, 1897, i. 20 ; past and present experience, 20 ; 
statistics, 24 ; foreign progress, 26 ; American competition, 26 ; freights, 
28 ; iron ore supply, 28 ; coking and by-products, 29 ; desulphnriaing, 31 : 
hydraulic forging, ^1 ; tin plates, 32 ; uses of steel, 33 ; wages and labonr 
cost, 34 ; railway rates, 34 ; receipt-s and working expenses and net 
receipts, 1895, 37 ; labour questions, 39. 

speeches by. 1898, i. 2S4 ; ii. 26« ; 1899, i. 251. 

votes of thanks by. 1897, i. 192, ii. a, 114, 179 ; 1898, ii. 3, 109. 

work done by. 1899, i. 39. 



MARTIN, George Forster, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 
MARTIN, H. W., on shaft-sinking. 1897, i. 410. 

on winding appliances. 1899, ii. 3f)7. 

MARTIN, J. S., on iron ore in Devonshire. 1895, il 362. 
MARTIN, R., on coal-cutting machinery. 1891, ii. 202. 

on failures in necks of chilled iron rolls. 1892, ii. 186. 

on hand-boring machines. 1900, ii. 471. 

on Midlothian coal basin. 1894, i. 439. 

on mine timber. 1896, i. 373. 

on timbering in collieries. 1890, ii. 719. 

MARTIN, Simon S , elected member. 1900, i. 3. 
MARTINET, on coal in France. 1899, ii. 345. 

on ventilation of collieries. 1900, ii. 479. 

on winding appliances. 1899, ii. 369 ; 1900, ii. 467. 

MARTINO, M., on alloys. 1897, i. 561. 

Martite. 1892, ii. 324 ; 1896, i. 310. 

Martos, Spain, coal deposits at. 1892, i. 323. 

MARTYN, George Rawlings, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 

MARUHN. C, book on mining by. 1894, i. 650. 

MARVIN, C, book on mining by. 1891, ii. 368. 

MARVIN, H. N., on electric percussive rock-drills. 1893. i. 203. 

Maryland, fireclay from. 1892, L 306. 

rail steel. 1893, i. 378. 

steelworks. 1892, i. 436. 

Mashoxaland, iron ore in. 1892, ii. 314. 



GENERAL INDEX. 339 

Maskegon rolling-mills. 1891, ii. 260. 

MASON, F. D., on wast« heat of coke-ovens. 1893, ii. 368. 

MASON, F. H., on coal in Canada. 1896, ii. 302 ; 1900, ii. 434. 

on slag cement. 1896, i. 421. 

MASON, Herbert Evans, elected member. 1898, i. 3. 

Masonry of blast-furnaces, refractory. 1892, ii. 425. 

Massachusetts, iron ore in. 1900, ii. 412. 

MASSENEZ, J., on elimination of sulphur. 1892, i. 110. 

Paper on "The elimination of sulphur from pig iron," 1891, ii. 76; the 
Jones mixing process, 76 ; effect of manganese, 77 ; the Hoerde desul- 
phurising: plant, 78 ; results, 79 ; details of tappings, 81 ; analysis of 
slag, 82.— DwMMMon ; G. Lander, 83, 90 ; Sir L. Bell, 83, 89 ; J. E. Stead, 
85 ; H. Bauerman, 86 ; E. J. Ball, 87 ; W. Galbraith, 88 ; G. J. Snelus, 
90 ; R A. Hadfield, 91 ; Sir F. A. Abel, 92. 

on manganese and sulphur in pig iron. 1892, i. 405. 

on metal mixers. 1895, i, 74. 

MASSEY, W. H., juror at Paris Exhibition. 1900, ii. 361. 

MASSIA, M. SANCHEZ Y, on PuertoUano coalfield. 1895, i. 819. 

MASSICKS and CROOKE on hot-blast stoves. 1896, i. 52. 

MASSIE, J. G., on methods of working coal. 1894, i. 493. 

on Tentilation of collieries. 1899, ii. 382. 

MASSON, E., on electric safety-lamps. 1892, i. H78. 

MASTBAUM, H., on determination of tungsten. 1897, ii. 507. 

Matamoros branch railways. 1896, ii. 54. 

Materials, assemblage of. 1890, s. v. 47. 

for the blast-furnace, selection of. 1895, i. 386. 

in iron manufacture, value of. 1896, i. 419. 

utilisation of scrap. 1896, i, 484. 

MATHER, W. G., on benefit funds at iron mines. 1898, ii. 376. 

MATHESON, E., book on mining by. 1894, i. 650. 

on manufacture of best Yorkshire iron. 1900, ii. 513. 

on welding by electricity. 1890, ii. 246. 

MATHESON, W. G., on coal in Canada. 1896, ii. 802. 

MATHET, L., on methods of working coal. 1894, i. 491. 

Mathilden works in the Harz. 1898, i. 454. 

MATIGNON, on combustible gases. 1894, i. 438. 

MATLACK, G. E., on moulding. 1898, ii. 482. 

MATTEO, V. DE, on mineral fuel in Italy. 1895, i. 317. 

MATTEO, W. F., on classification of steel plates. 1893, ii. 500. 

MATTESON, C. E., on supporting wire during annealing. 1890, i. 830. 

MATTHEWMAN, Fred. Abdill, elected member. 1895, ii. 7. 

on efficiency of gaseous fuel. 1894, ii 345. 

on manganese in open-hearth process. 1899, i. 407. 

on sulphur determination. 1896, i. 537. 

MATTHEWS, D. H. F., on coal-dust. 1895, i. 367. 

MATTHEWS, J. A., on carbides of iron. 1898, ii. 548. 

MAUCHLINE, R., book on mining by. 1894, i 650. 

on coal-mining in Alabama. 1893, i. 270. 

on screening and picking coal. 1898, i. 286. 

MAUERHOFER, J., on health conditions of coal mining. 1896, ii. 341. 

on iron ore in Sweden. 1899, ii. 315. 



340 OENBEtAL INDEX. 

HAUBBHOFER, J., on modem exploslTM and flre-damp. 18S^ ii. 399. 

on occnneDoe ot gsi in eallieriei'. 189S, il. 41!. 

on prodnotlon of ooal in Sweden. 1890, ii 622. 

on working coaL 189S, ii. 441. 

.HAUEBUANN, H., on determination of phoBphornr. 1891, i. 43S. 
HAULETTE, P. as, book on mining by. 1890, 1. 409. 

on Donetz coalfields. 1895, i. 3ie. 

MAURAIN, C, OD maKDetlc properties of iron knd steel. 189S, i. 491 ; 11 

1. 404; ii. 643. 
HAURICB, P., on t.o»^Jal» of coal. 1899, il. 492. 
HAUBICE, W., on eleotrio fuses. 1S88, 1. 416. 

on eiplosiTBR and blasting. 1S98. ii. 436 ; 1899, i. 347. 

MAUBT, D. H., on corrotion ot iron and i^Ceel. 1900, il. SG^. 
HAUBY. G. F., on ferro-silioon. 1697, i. 673. 

on Eilicon determination. 1898, i. 533. 

HAVOR, H. A., on electricity in minlog. 1895, i. 366; 1B96, ti. 327. 

HAW, FKANCI8 John, elected member. 1899, i. 3. 

HAXIH, H. P., on electrio-welded projectiles. 1802, it. 477. 

UAX8B, B. B., on magnesite deposits in Eubcea. 1800, ii. 396. 

MAXWELL, J., on coal-mlQing la Canada. 1898. iL 401. 

HAT, E., on iUg cement. 1898, i. 461. 

UAY, G. J., on colonial collieiiee. 1690, ii. 389. 

MAT. W. J., OD concentration ot Irish Iron ores. 1B83, i. 205. 

on modem foundry practice, 1899, ii. 413. 

on pumping appliances. 1898, i. 274. 

on recovery of metatlio iron from s)^. 1891, Ii. 280. 

OD treating outcrop iron ore. 169S, ii. 3S8. 

on washing iron ores. 1895, i. 301. 

UAYBBBY, J., on chaining open-bearth farnaces. 1697, i. 111. 

on manufacture of tin-plates. 1807, ii. 38. 

MAYER, J., life of. 1900,11.634. 

on colliery explosions. 1898, i. 425. 

on colliery ventilslioQ. 1897, i 428. 

on fire-damp. 1897, i. 430 ; 1900, i. 336. 

on fire-damp eiplosion in Polish Ostrau. 1891, il. 227. 

on fires in collieries. 1696, ii. 339. 

on reacue appliances tor collieries. 1899, ii. 3&4. 

._^ — on safety-breathlng npiiaratns. 1898, i. 426, ii. 448. 

on spontaneous combustion in collieries. 1899. i. 35G. 

MAYLOB, W., on manufacture of iron in Soutbem India. 180S, ii. 354. 
UAYHARD, G. W., on chromite in Newfoundland. 1897, il. 303, 

on direct process. 1890, ii. 424. 

on magnetites. 1895. ii. ;i7i). 

MAYB vos MELNHOFF, K., Baron, obituary notice of. 1898, ii. 291. 
HAZODIBB, on safety -lamps. 1894, ii. 368. 
UAZOYBR, C. M., on early steel bridges. 1804, i. 667. 
HAZZUOLI, L., book on mining by. 1691, I. 484. 
MEAGHEH, F. O,, on coal-working. 1807. i. 42B. 

. on earth explosion or bump. 1898. ii. 403. 

on Sooth Staffordshire coalfield. 1895, i. UK.;. 

on spontaneous combustion in collieries. 1899, i. 366. 



6ENKRAL INDEX. 341 

MEACHEM, F. G., on undergroand haulage. 1896, i. 371. 

MEACHEM, L., on ancient iron ore mining. 1891, i. 425. 

on electricity in mining. 1896, i. 371. 

MEAD, D. W., on mine pamps. 1899, i. 351. 

MEADE, R. K., on coal analysis. 1900, i. 440. 

MEADE-KING, W. O. E., on waste water from coal-washing. 1900, ii. 

487. 
MEABS, J. C, on cupola practice. 1900, i. 360. 

Measure of hardness. 1890, ii. 835. 

of quality, reduction of area as. 1891, i. 420. 

Measurement of small strains. 1895, ii. 557. 

of strains within the elastic limit. 1890, ii. 833. 

of test-pieces. 1890, ii. 832. 

of velocity of projectiles. 1891, ii. 12. 

of very low temperatures. 1897, ii. 464. 

MEGA, ToRRico Y, on vanadium in Peruvian coal. 1895, ii. 416. 

MEGHAN, Henry, elected member. 1898, L 3. 

Mechanical charging of steel furnaces. 1897, i. 89 ; 1899, i. 404. 

coke-drawer. 1898, ii. 309. 

engineering of collieries, improveuients in. 1890, ii. 708. 

preparation. 1890, i. 211, ii. 670; 1891, i. 272, ii. 160; 1892, i. 298, 

ii. 335 ; 1898, i. 205, ii. 328 ; 1894,' i. 426, ii. 301 ; 1895, i. 301, ii. 388 ; 

1896. i. 316, ii. 290 ; 1897, i. 354, ii. 294 ; 1898, i. 359, ii. 377 ; 1899, i. 302, 

ii. 332; 1900. i. 287, ii. 421. 

properties of steel. 1896, ii. 404 ; 1897, ii. 461 ; 1900, ii. 543. 

puddling furnace. 1891, ii. 255. 

screens for coal. 1890, ii. 730. 

stokers. 1896, ii. 366. 

testing of iron. 1891, i. 420. 

tests of ingot metal. 1893, ii. 503. 

tests, results of. 1897, ii. 468. 

treatment, changei in composition of steel during. 1892, ii. 606. 

treatment of moulding sand. 1891, i. 373. 

ventilation of collieries. 1890, i. 264. 



Mechanism, interchangeable construction in. 1893, ii. 482. 

of solid viscosity. 1893, ii. 491. 

Medium fan. 1890, i. 263. 

MEERENS, L., book on metallurgy by. 1896, I 574. 

Meetings of the Institute. 1890, i. 1, ii. 1.; s. v. v. ; 1891, i. 1, ii. 1 ; 1892, 

i. 1, ii. 1 ; 1893, i. 1, ii. 1 ; 1894, i. 1, ii. 1 ; 1895, i. 1, ii. 1 ; 1896, i. 1, ii. 1 ; 

1897, i. 1, ii. 1 ; 1898, i. 1, ii. 1 ; 1899, i. 1, ii. 1 ; 1900, i. 1, ii. 1. 

Mehadia brown coal mines, Hungary. 1895, ii. 407. 
MEHRTENS, F. G., on electric welding. 1894, ii. 426. 
MEHRTENS, G., book on metallurgy by. 1900, i. 493. 

on basic Bessemer metal for bridge construction. 1900, ii. 556. 

on cold-bending tests with ingot iron. 1892, i. 471. 

on consumption of pig iron in different countries. 1892, ii. 553. 

on corrosion of iron. 1898, ii. 651. 

on German basic Bessemer iron. 1890, i. 345. 

on ingot metal. 1892, ii. 494. 

on iron bridges. 1897, i. 515. 

on manufacture of ingot metal. 1894, ii. 421. 



342 GENERAL DTDBX. 

MEHRTENSr G., on mechuiical tests of ingot metjO. IWS, ii. 503. 

on steel bridges. 1897. ii. 443. 445 ; 1896, L 498. 

on tensile tests of performted test-pieces of ingot metal. 1896, it 497. 

on test-pieces. 1897, i. 539. 

on tesu of metal for the Fordon Bridge. 1898, i. 3^. 

MEHRTENS, L.. book on metaUorgv br. 190a L 493. 
M EIEB, E. D., on boiler-plates. 1897, ii. 474. 

on calorimetrr. 1900, ii. 42>. 

MEIER, M., on improvements in rolling-mills. 1899, i. 39^. 

MEIN, J , on explosives. 1898. i. 412. 

MEIXEKE, C on analysis of ba^ic slag. 1896, i. 540. 

on determination of solphuric acid. 1899, ii. 490. 

MEINICKE, Cabl, on shaft sinking. 1896, i. 366. 
METRO, A. J., on treatment of petroleum. 1893, ii. 373. 
MEISSNER, C. A., book on mining bv. 1896, ii. 633. 

on dolomite in blast-furnaces. 1894, ii. 384. 

on formation of cyanides in the blast-famace. 1885. i. 38S. 

on fonndry irons. 1895, ii. 487. 

on iron making. 1897, i. 475. 

on iron ore in Belle Isle, Newfoundland. 1899. ii. 320. 

on limestone and dolomites in Alabama. 1894. ii. 30i*. 

on pipe founding. 1900, ii. 510. 

on prevention of waste explosions. 1891, i. 338. 

on rock drUU. 1895, ii. 438. 

on standard specifications. 1900, i. 416. 

on steel manafacture in Alabama. 1894, ii. 3(>6 ; 1886, i. 442. 

on washed and unwashed coal in blast-furnaces. 1900^ L 347. 



MELDOLA, R, book on coal by. 1891, L 484. 

MELDRUM, T. F.. on steam economy in rolling-mill engines. 1886, i. 419. 

MELIKOFF. P.. on meteorites. 1893. i. 199 ; 1894, U. 292 ; 1897. i. 347 ; 
1899, i. 290 ; 1900, L 2^^. 

Mklingbiffith tin-plate works. 1897, ii. 236. 

MELIOT, M.. book on mining by. 1897, i. 629. 

MELLAND. Goofret, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 

on relations of aluminium to iron. 1900. i. 429. 

and Harby W. WALDRON— 

Paper on " The influence of aluminium on the carbon in cast iron, 1900, 
ii. 244 ; previous researches on the subject, 244 ; method of making the 
alloys. 245 ; loss of aluminium. 246 ; method of casting, 247 : summary 
of the analyses, 247 : remarks on the analyses, 248 ; effect of alnmininm 
on the separation of carbon as graphite. 24*9 ; chilling of the metal, 251 ; 
compression tests, 253.— Discussion : A. Stansfield, 255 ; C. B. Dudler, 255 ; 
G. J. Snelus, 255 : K. A. Hadfield. 256 ; G. Melland, 258. 

MELLIN, R., on prevention of over-winding. 1896, ii. 431. 

on working coal. 1898, ii. 44i». 

MELLING. John Frederick, elected member. 1899. i. 3. 

on ingots for tubes and propeller-shafts. 1900. i. 175. 

MELLON. H., on mining softer ores of Fumess. 1895. i. 29;^. 

MELLY. E. F.. on iron supports. 1897, ii. 351. 

Melting and casting, new method of. 1893. i. 316. 

iron. 1891. i. 312 ; 1897, ii. 414. 

iron and control of mixture. 1897. ii. 408. 



GENERAL INDEX. 343 

Melting iron, capolas and reverberatorj fmnacaH for. 1898, i. :('»7. 

iron with natural gas. 1895, ii. 485. 

point of cast iron. 1899, i. 432. 

MELVILLE, W. H., on natural nickel iron. 1892, ii. 324. 

MELZI, G., on meteorites. 1900, ii. 415. 

Mkmorial resolution. 1890, ii. 489. 

MENDBL^EFF, D., on calorimetric measurements. 1897, ii. 305. 

on Dulong formula. 1898, i. 372. 

Mending a broken roll. 1897, ii. 411. 

MENDIZABAL, Cablos, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

MENELAUS, W., work done by. 1899, i. 34. 

MENNE, F., on wrought iron and steel sheets. 1895, i. 476. 

Menominee range. 1890, s. t. 373 ; 1898, i. 186. 

MENTZ-TOLLEY, R., elected member. 1891, i. 4. 

MENTZEL. H., on Stahlberg iron ore deposits. 1898, ii. 348. 

MENZEU E., book on metallurgy by. 1900, ii. 630. 

MENZEL, K., on breakage of winding-ropes in Saxon mines. 1892. i. *J91. 

on deepest shaft in Saxony. 1897, ii. 342. 

on subsidence caused by mining. 1900, i. 340. 

MENZIES, J., elected member. 1898, ii. 5. 

MERCADIER, M., on tests of nickel steel. 1891, ii. 311. 

MERCEY, N. DK, on iron ore in France. 1899, i. 279. 

MERCIER, M., on signalling in mines. 1893, L 283. 

Mercury in Russian iron ore. 1899, ii. 314. 

MERENSKY, A., on coal in East Africa. 1897, i. 385. 

Mergui district, coal in. 1893, i. 232. 

MERIVALE, J. H., books (»n mining by. 1897, ii. 552 ; 1900, i. 495. 

MERIVALE, W., on asphalt. 1898, i. 39S. 

MERRICKS, F., book on mining by. 1900, i. 494. 

MERRILL, G. P., on meteorites. 1894, ii. 293 ; 1897, i. 346. 

MBRRIMAN, M., on testing machines. 1899, ii. 467. 

MERRITT, E., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1899, ii. 455. 

MERRITT, W. H., on coal in Western Canada. 1890, L 22J. 

on coal-mining in Canada. 1894, ii. 373. 

on iron ore in Ontario. 1896, i. 305. 

Mesabi district, steam shovels in. 1893, ii. 324. 

iron ore mines. 1896, i. 306. 

iron ore range. 1890, i. 197 ; 1892, i. 275 ; 1893, i 187 ; 1894, ii. 283. 

iron ore, some problems of. 1892, ii. 315. 

Range, mining methods on the. 1895, i. 293 ; 1898, 1. 356. 

MESSIMER, M. B.. on methods of case-hardening. 1900, 1. 392. 
MESTCHERSKY, A., on iron industry of Russia. 1896, ii. 622. 

on steelworks in Rus>ia. 1895, ii. 509. 

MESURi-; and Nouel pyrometer. 1891, i. 280. 
Metal, ingot, changes in. 1892, ii. 483. 

iogot, for bridges. 1890, ii. 814. 

ingot, manganese steel and. 1890, ii. 836. 

ingot, manufacture of. 1890, ii, 791. 

ingot, testing of. 1892. ii. 493. 

jacketing for blast-furnace hearths. 1892, L 398. 



344 QSNBRAL INDEX. 

Metal ladles, remoying skulls from direct. 1892, ii. 481. 

mixers. 1896, i. 66, 443 ; 1898, L 448 ; 1899, i. 409. 

mixers at Edgar-Thomson Works. 1890, ii. 645, s. t. 243. 

sawing machines. 1893, L 362. 

sheet, machine for expanding. 1890, ii. 800. 

sleepers. 1890, i. 343 ; 1892, i. 456 ; 1894, iL 433 ; 1886, IL 631. 

sleepers in Belgium. 1892, ii. 497. 

superheating conTcrter. 1894, i. 556. 

anderframes for railway waggons. 1894, i. 556 ; 1898, L 479. 

wear of. 1890, ii. 260. 

Metallic carbonjis. 1900, i. 430. 
Metallography. 1898, i. 501, ii 527. 

microscopic. 1898, ii. 488 ; 1894, ii. 441. 

Metalloids, action of, on cast iron. 1898, ii. 200. 

in cast iron, value of. 1896, ii. 362 ; 1898, i. 466. 

Mstallubgical analysis. 1899, ii. 480. 

department of the Sheffield Technical School 1891, ii. 95. 

education. 1897, ii. 522 ; 1899, ii. 524. 

preparation of iron ore. 1890. i. 213. ii. 677 ; 1891, ii. 163 ; 1882, L 

305, ii. 341 ; 1898, ii. 330 ; 1894, i. 428 ; 1896, iL 391 ; 1896, I 319 ; 1897, 

i. 356 ; 1899, ii. 334. 

treatment of nickel ores. 1896, ii. 393. 



Metallurot, early French. 1894, i. 634. 

of iron and steel, German progress since 1876. 1890, ii. 491. 

of iron, use of iiuor-spar. 1890, i 298. 

Metals, action of tidal streams on. 1890, ii. 847. 

colour oxidation of the surface of. 1890, i. 361. 

diffusion of. 1896, ii. 3i>6. 

fatigue of. 1895, ii. 556. 

How of. 1890, ii. 831 ; 1891, i. 418. 

hardness of. 1898, ii. 495. 

of the iron group, separation of. 1896, i. 539. 

Metamorpuibm of coal. 1895, ii. 402. 

METCALF, W., book on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 487. 

on hardening of steel. 1898, ii. 495. 

on influence of Tibration on steel. 1896, ii. 557. 

on physics of steel. 1892, i. 463. 

on pig iron industry. 1896, i. 414. 

on revolution in steel-making. 1896, ii. 526. 

on tool steel. 1896, ii. 375. 

Meteorites, researches on. 1890, i. 2()3, ii. 665 ; 1891, i. 260, ii. 149 ; 1882, 
i. 283, ii. 324 ; 1898, i. 195, ii. 318 ; 1894, i. 423, ii. 292 ; 1896, i. 289, ii. 
375 ; 1896, i. 310, ii. 275 ; 1897, i. 344, ii. 278 ; 1898. i. 353, ii. 366; 1899, 
i. 2<K), ii. 324; 1900, i. 279, ii. 414. 

Methods of analysis, introduction of standard. 1896, i. 80. 

of ca>e-hardening. 1900, i. 391. 

of i on-working, primitive. 1892, ii. 461. 

of refining steel, new. 1892, i. 438. 

of testing explosives. 1892, i, 357. 

of testing steel. 1892, ii. 491. 

of testing, uniformity in. 1896, i. 503. 



GENERAL INDEX. 345 

Methods of working coal. 1894, i. 491, 492 ; 1900, i. 330, ii. 474. 

of working thick coal seams. 1891, ii. 207 ; 1892, i. 360. 

METTRIER, M., on Spanish iron ore. 1894, ii. 279. 

METZ, B. B., on determination of phosphorns in pig iron. 1891, ii. 324. 

METZ, L., on blast-fnrnace accident. 1900, i. 348. 

MEUNIBR, J., on collier? explosions. 1898, ii. 448. 

MEUNIER, S., on asphaft. 1897, i. 403 ; 1898, I 898. 

on chrome iron. 1890, ii. 849. 

on formation of chrome iron ore. 1890, ii. 664. 

on meteorites. 1890, i. 203 ; 1898, i. 199, ii. 318 ; 1894, i. 425 ; 1899, 

ii. 324; 1900, ii. 414. 

on native iron of terrestrial origin. 1891, ii. 148. 



Meubthe-et-Mosellb, iron industry of. 1892, i. 511. 
MEWES, R., on explosiyes and blasting. 1900, ii. 474. 
MEWIUS, F., on coal in Spitzborgen. 1900. ii. 443. 

Mexico, coal in. 1891, ii. ISO, 184 ; 1892, ii. 3<;7 ; 1894, i. 451 ; 1899, i. 316 ; 
1900, i. 31H). 

imports of. 1891, i. 460. 

iron industry of. 1894, ii. 519 ; 1896, ii. 474. 

iron ore in. 1892, ii. 319 ; 1893, i. 192, ii. 317. 

ironworks in. 1892, ii. 447. 

manganese ore in. 1892, ii. 331. 

mineral statistics of. 1896, ii. 474 ; 1897, ii. 531. 

MEYEK, B., on steam-presses and shingling hammers. 1897, i. 491. 

MEYER, E., on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1899, ii. 404 ; 1900, ii. 498, 
502. 

MEYER, E. VON, on explosions in brown coal briquette factories. 1891, ii. 

185. 1895, ii. 456. 
MEYER, F. S., book on metallurgy by. 1897, i. 628. 
MEYER, G. A., on rescue appliances for collieries. 1899, ii. 385. 
MEYER, J., on tests of ingot metal. 1894, ii. 457. 
MEYER, v., on occurrence of gas in collieries. 1893, ii. 414. 

on temperature of ignition. 1894, ii. 311. 

Meyer recarburising process. 1892, i. 437. 

MEYERHOF, A., on moulding. 1898, i. 471. 

MEYERS, H. K., on underground haulage. 1899, ii. 371. 

MEYJES, A. C, elected member. 1898, ii. (>. 

MEYSEY-THOMPSON, Arthur Herbert, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

Micaceous iron ore in Devonshire. 1895, ii. 362. 

MICHAELSON, Carl, elected member. 1894. i. 3. 

MICHEL, H., on shaft fences. 1899, i. 340. 

MICHEL. Leon, on mining law. 1897, ii. 202. 

on subsidence caused by mining. 1899, i. 360. 

MICHELL, S., book on mining by. 1899, ii. 532. 

on mine drainage. 1899, ii. 378. 

MiCHioAMME Mine. 1890, s. v. 205, 383. 

magnetic concentration at the. 1890, ii. 672. 

Michi(;an, coal in. 1898, ii. 400 ; 1899, ii. 348 ; 1900, ii. 440. 

College of Mines. 1898, i. 580. 

«arly iron ore mining in. 1896, ii. 289. 

iron-bearing rocks of. 1894, ii. 281. 



346 GI£N£RAL INDEX. 

Michigan, iron ore in. 1899, ii. 524. 

Mining School. 1897, i. 621. 

Micro-chemical analysis. 1900, ii. 573. 

detection of iron. 1894, i. 617. 

Micro-chemistry of cementation. 1898, ii. 185. 
HiCRO-MECHANiCAL examination of rails. 1897, i. 522. 
Micro-metallurgy of iron and steel. 1896, i. 486. 
Micro-organisms of coal. 1899, ii. 351. 
Micro-structure and mechanical properties of steel. 1887, ii. 461 . 

of iron and steel. 1891. i. 100 ; 1896, ii. 895 ; 1899, i. 420, li. 451 : 

1900, i. 396, ii. 541. 
MiCROGRAPHic analysis of metals. 1897, ii. 451, 483. 

analysis of steels. 1895, i. 456. 

Microscope for metallography. 1896, i. 504. 
Microscopic analysis. 1899, ii. 102. 

examination of coal. 1892, ii. 349. 

examination of coal dust after explosions. 1890, i. 265. 

examination of iron and steel. 1892, ii. 485 ; 1894, i. 292. 

— investigation of metals. 1893, i. 365. 
investigation of steel. 1894, i. 570. 

metallography. 1893, ii. 488 ; 1894, il 441 ; 1895, ii. 542 ; 1897, i. 522. 

structure of oolitic iron ore. 1892. ii. 323. 

MIDDLEMISS, C. S., on coal in India. 1891, L 290 ; 1897. ii. 317. 

on iron ore in India. 1898, ii. 358. 

Middlesborough, Kentucky, coal of. 1890. i. 233. 

coalfield of. 1891, i. 297. 

iron ores of. 1890, i. 196. 

resources of. 1890, s. v. 4^5. 

steel plant at. 1896, i. 440. 

visit to. 1890, s. v. 465. 

MIDDLETON, J. T., elected member. 1898, ii. r». 
Midland coalfield. 1890, ii. (>82. 

eastern limits of. 1895, i. 311 ; 1896, ii. 21>s. 

extension of. 1897, i. 367. 

Midlothian coal basin. 1894, i. 439. 

MIDWINTER, William, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 

Miednorudjansk and Wyssolcaja, ore deposits of. 1892, i. 271. 

MIEKS, H. A., on recent researches on meteorites. 1898, ii. 366. 

MIETHE, on aluminium and manganese alloys. 1900, iL 571. 

MIGNOT, A., on determination of manganese. 1900, ii. 575. 

Miguel Burnier deposits, Brazil. 1900, i. 183. 

MIKLASCHEWSKI, S. p., on coal from Saghalien. 1894, ii. 327. 

Milan, steelworks in. 1891. ii. 277. 

Mild open-hearth steel for castings. 1893, i. 323. 

steel and wrought iron, working of. 1896, i. 472. 

steel for boilers and fire-boxes. 1897, ii. 475. 

steel, production of. 1897, ii. 545. 

MILFORD, p., book on mining by. 1898, i. 585. 
MILICZEK, J., book on metallurgy by. 1894, ii. 537. 
Mill appliances, hydraulic. 1891. i. 387. 
bar. 1891, i. 3K.-). 



GENERAL INDEX. 347 

Mill beam. 1893, ii. 452. 

blooming. 1891, i. 381. 

cogging, at Cambria. 1890, s. v. 289. 

cogging, at Edgar-Thomson Works. 1890, s. v. 293. 

cogging, at Homestead Works. 1890, s. ▼. 303. 

cogging, at Park Brothers* Works. 1890, s. v. 293. 

cogging, at Phoenix. 1890, s. v. 284. 

cogging at South Chicago Works. 1890, s. v. 306. 

engine. 1890, i. 310. 

machinery. 1898, i. 479. 

scale. 1898, ii. 525, 549. 

MILLER, A. R., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

MILLER, A. S., on water-gas. 1897, i. 406. 

MILLER, F. J., on machine tools. 1898, i. 496. 

MILLER, 11. W., on winding appliances. 1899, ii. 369. 

MILLER, J. A., book on mining by. 1899, i. 508. 

MILLER. J. W., elected member. 1898, ii. 6. 

Paper on ** Pig iron fractures and their Talue in foundry practice,** 
1899, ii. 160 ; origin of the present method of grading pig iron, 160 ; 
quotation from Dudley, 161 ; grades established in Alabama, 161 ; con- 
fusion owing to grading by the fracture, 162 ; chemical composition the 
only true guide, 165 ; necessity for superseding method of casting in sand 
beds, 166 ; conclusion, 168. 

MILLER, R., on analysis of iron. 1896, 1. 531. 
MILLER, RoBBBT Ernest, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 
MILLER, S., on handling coal. 1900, i. 344. 

on iron ore transport. 1899, i, 302. 

on wire ropeways. 1894, ii. 300 ; 1898, i. 358. 

MILLER, T. D., on petroleum in Texas. 1898, ii. 422. 
MILLER, W. G., on Glendower iron ore deposit. 1895, i. 281. 

on nickeliferous magnetites. 1899, i. 295. 

Milling cutters, steel for. 1891, i. 405. 

machine, universal. 1890, i, 837. 

machines, planing, shaping, and. 1892, i. 450, ii. 466. 

tool, new boring and. 1891, i. 404. 

MILLINGTON, W. W., on pumping appliances. 1898, i. 273. 
MiLLOM k ASKAH Company's furnace. 1900, ii. 490. 
MILLS, F., elected member. 1896, i. 8. 

on reheating furnacen. 1898, i. 493. 

MILLS, M. H., on iron ore deposits of Leicestershire. 1891, i. 250. 
MILLS, S. D., on iron ore in Texas. 1892, i. 280. 

on moisture in the blast. 1890, i. 290. 

MILNE, C. Williamson, elected member. 1899, 1. 4. 
MILNE, Isaac Bernard, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 
MILNE, J., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 563. 

on earth pulsations and mine gas. 1898, ii. 414. 

on wire ropeway in Japan. 1894, i. 487. 

MILOSEVICS, M., on Hungarian iron ore. 1897, i. 327. 
MILTON, J. T., on nickel steel. 1895, ii. 181, 189. 
Mine accounts. 1897, ii. 291. 

cages, electric signalling for. 1891, i. 328. 

claims, surveying. 1898, i. 359. 



( 



348 GENERAL INDEX. 

Mine dams. 1897, ii. 290 ; 1900, i. 284. 

drainage. 1891, i. 330; 1894, ii. 365; 1895, L 361; 1898, it 445; 

1899, ii. 377 ; 1900, i. 332, ii. 476. 

fires. 1897, L 433 ; Ii. 361. 

gas and earth pulsations. 1898, ii. 414. 

hacdage, electrical. 1890, i. 257 ; 1891, ii. 214. 

inspection. 1899, I 363. 

locomotives, electric. 1891. 1. 326 ; 1892, iL 397 ; 1896, ii. 326. 

props, wood for. 1895, i. 356. 

pumps. 1891, L 32H ; 1898, i. 356. 419. ii. 444 ; 1899, i. 36a 

pumps ancient. 1896, i. 315. 

pumps, efficiencies of. 1895, ii. 386. 

shafts. 1897, iL 288. 

signals. 1890, i. 270. ii. 726 ; 1900, i. 284. 

stoppings. 1896, i. 377. 

surveving. 1896, i. 384. ii. 342 ; 1897, i. 434, ii. 362 ; 1898, L 426» iL 

450 ; 1899, i. 362, iL 387 ; 1900. i. 340, ii. 482. 

timber. 1896, iL 328; 1897, L 352, 418; 1898, L 409, iL .372, 434; 



1899, L 343, ii. 330. 

— timber, action of preservative agents on. 1891, L 267. 

— timber framing-machine. 1891, i. 319. 

— timber, preservation of. 1391, i. 319 ; 1898, i. 259 ; 1894, ii. 355 ; 1896, 
L 373. 

ventilation. 1891, L 331, ii. 221 ; 1892, i. 370; 1896, i. 362, ii. 444; 



1896, i. 378. 

water in Pennsylvania. 1898, L 421. 



MiNKBAL deposits, classification of. 1897, i. 342. 

Minerals, determining the density of. 1896, ii. 344. 

Miners at worlc, position of. 1892, i. 302. 

Miners' electric Umps. 1890, ii. 720 ; 1891, L 342, ii. 225 ; 1892, iL 409. 

lavatories. 1895, ii. 450. 

Mines, accidents in. 1891, i. 343 ; 1892, ii. 531 ; 1896, i. 380 ; 1897, ii. 548 ; 
1898, i. 5G0. 

blasting in. 1890, i. 269. 

coal-dust in. 1891, i. 335 ; 1894, ii. 370. 

electric conductors for. 1892, ii. 411. 

electric locomotive in. 1892, i. 352. 

electric transmission of power in. 1891, ii. 209, 215. 

explosions of coal-dust in. 1892, i. 381. 

fiery, firing shots in. 1891, L 320. 

fiery, friction igniters in. 1892, ii. 404. 

fiery, ventilation of. 1892, i. 369. 

filling of. 1892, i. 295. 

fire-damp accidents in. 1890, ii. 722. 

gob fires in. 1894, ii. 371. 

hoisting water from. 1892, L 363. 

in the United Kingdom. 1895, ii. 606. 

metal, steel supports in. 1892, i. 291. 

petroleum engines in. 1890, ii. 723 ; 1891, i. ,330. 

prevention of accidents in. 1893, i. 284. 

resistance to air-currents in. 1890, i. 261. 

safety cage for. 1892, ii. 395. 



OENEBAL INDKX. 349 

Mines, safety elect rio conductor for. 1892, i. 354. 

signalling in. 1892, i. 350 ; 1898, i. 283. 

steel supports in. 1890, ii. 717. 

telephones in. 1896, i. 382. 

use of explosives in. 1890, i. 268 ; 1891, i. 322. 

visited by the Institute. 1890, s. ▼. 316. 

MiNETTE ore district, steelworks in. 1900, ii. 529. 

ore, magnetite in. 1896, i. 299. 

ores of Luxemburg and Lorraine. 1895, i. 276. 

MINGAYE, J. C. H., book on mining by. 1893, ii. 563. 

on coke from New South Wales. 1892, ii. 371^ 

on fireclay from New South Wales. 1892, ii. 343. 

on meteorites. 1894. L 425 ; 1896, i. 311. 

Mining accidents, first aid in. 1897, ii. 292. 

anthracite. 1893, i. 270. 

anthracite, economy in. 1891, ii. 208. 

at great depths. 1891, i. 313. 

cages, safety catches for. 1894, i. 483. 

— - — distribution of electricity in. 1890, ii. 723. 

- — education. 1898, i. 582. 

electricity in. 1890, I 255, ii. 726 ; 1891, ii 218 ; 1892, i. 353, ii. 411 ; 

1898, i. 282 ; 1894, ii. 354 ; 1895, i. 354 ; 1896, i. 371. 

law. 1897, ii. 292. 

machinery at the Paris Exhibition. 1890, ii. 712. 

machines, pneumatic, hydraulic, and electric. 1890, i. 258. 



- manganese ore. 1890, i. 210. 

- mortality. 1898, i. 425. 

- operations, electric power transmission in. 1890, ii. 724. 

- ore bodies of uniform grade. 1898, ii. 374. 

- plant, an electric, economy of. 1891, i. 320. 

- steel wire-ropes employed in. 1894, ii. 429. 

- tool. 1890, i. 254. 

- waste in. 1898. ii. 397. 

- waste of coal in. 1895, i. 375. 



Minister of Public Works, reception by. 1900. ii 365. 
Minnesota, iron ore beds of. 1890, i. 195 ; 1891, i 256. 

iron resources of. 1896, i. 306. 

mines, system of filling at the. 1892, ii. 334. 

MINSIER, M. C, on handling coal. 1900, ii. 489. 

MINTY, William, on chemical and physical properties of steel. 1899, 
i. 432. 

on testing metals. 1900, ii 555. 

MIRAT. S. B., on meteorites. 1897, ii. 278. 
MIRON, F., book on mining by. 1897, ii 552. 

on shale oil. 1897, i. 395. 

Miss-FIBES. 1894, ii. 299. 

Missing carbon. 1896, ii. 179. 

Missouri and Kansas, mining thin coal-seams in. 1892, i. 361. 

coal in. 1897, i. 384 ; 1900, ii 440. 

fireclay in. 1897, ii. 300. 

iron ore deposits. 1890, s. v. 83 ; 1894, i 416. 



i 



350 GENERAL INDEX 

MITCHELL, C, obitnary notice of. 1895, ii. 351. 

MITCHELL, G. A., on electric coal-cattlDg machinerj. 1895, i. 360. 

on mining. 1897, ii. 364. 

MITCHELL, J., obituarj notice of. 1895, L 264. 
MITCHELL, T. W. H., on endless-rope haulage. 1892, i. 350. 

on manufacture of coke. 1892, ii. 373. 

MITCHELL, W. G., on working coal. 1899, i. 348. 

MITCHELL, W. L., on determination of titanic anhydride. 1896, ii. 449. 

MITFORD, William, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 

MiTis castings. 1893, ii. 476. 

MITTON, A. D., on mine fires. 1898, i. 425. 

Mixed producer and water-gas. 1890, ii. 708. 

producer gas. 1892, i. 343. 

MIXER, C. T., on determination of iron. 1895, ii. 601. 

on determination of manganese. 1896, ii. 448. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1896, ii. 454 ; 1897, ii. 509. 

on sampling iron ore. 1896, ii. 291. 

Mixer, desulphurising in the. 1895, ii. 516. 
MiXEBS, metal. 1895, i. 443 ; 1898, i. 448. 

pig iron. 1896, i. 464. 

MIXTER, W. G., on yentilation of collieries. 1899, ii. 382. 
Mixtures, of cast iron, strength of. 1895, L 407. 
MLADBK, M., on the Wolff benzine safety-lamp. 1892, i. 377. 
Mobility of molecules of cast iron. 1896, i. 502. 

MOCKLER-FERRYMAN, A. F., on native manufacture of iron. 1898, ii. 

451. 

Mode of existence of carbon in iron. 1891, i. 364. 
Modern American rolling-mills. 1892, i. 420. 

blast-furnace plant. 1900, i. 345. 

bridges. 1900, ii. 637 ; 1897, ii. 443. 

coke ovens. 1895, ii. 420. 

cupola practice. 1899, i. 385. 

explosives. 1898, ii. 396. 

foundry practice. 1899, ii. 411. 

gas-power plant. 1897, ii. 339. 

German bridge construction. 1899, i. 418. 

practice in chemistry of iron. 1894, ii. 469. 

rolling-mills. 1900. ii. 516. 

MOGREN, A., elected member. 1896, i. 8. 

MOISSAN, H., books on metallurgy by. 1897, i. 628, ii. 550. 

on boron and silicon iu molten pig iron. 1895, i. 496. 

on boron steel. 1895, i. 497. 

on direct production of iron carbide. 1897, ii. 487. 

on electric furnaces. 1897, ii. 445. 

on formation of diamonds in cooling iron. 1894. ii. 480. 

on graphite. 1895, i. 304. 

on graphitic carbon. 1893, ii. 835. 

on meteorites. 1893, ii. 319 ; 1895, ii. 375. 

on new carbides. 1896, ii. 425. 

on preparation of alloys. 1896, ii. 426. 

on preparation of pure molybdenum. 1895, ii. 585. 



GENERAL INDEX. 351 

MOISSAN, H., OD redaction of nickel, chromiam, and manganese. 18d8, i. 302. 

on silioides of iron and chromium. 1896, i. 525. 

on solubility of carbon in iron. 1898, i. 390. 

Moisture, determination of. 1900, i. 441. 

in the blast. 1890, i. 290. 

MOLANDER, Axel, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

Moldavia, ozokerite in. 1898, i. 398. 

MOLDENHAUBR, F., on determination of manganese. 1891, i. 440. 

MOLDENKE. R, on American competition. 1898, i. 582. 

on cast iron. 1899, i. 389. 

on cleaning castings. 1896, i. 430. 

■ on comparative fusibility of foundry iron. 1897, ii. 408. 

on fluor-spar in blast-furnace. 1899, i. 370. 

on foundry appliances. 1900, ii. 508. 

on melting point of cast iron. 1899, i. 432. 

on metallography. 1898, i. 504. 

on recent progress in the foundry. 1897, ii. 406. 

on scrap carrying. 1898, i. 470. 

on small converters. 1900, i. 386. 

on testing. 1898, i. 513; 1898, ii. 533; 1899, i. 435. 

on transverse tests of cast iron. 1899, ii. 468. 

MoLECULAB change accompanying the tempering of steel. 1894, ii. 447. 

changes of iron. 1892, ii. 481. 

changes of iron and steel, temperature of. 1895, i. 462. 

constitution of steel. 1890, ii. 830. 

physics, recent work on. 1896, ii. 401. 

Molecules of cast iron, mobility of. 1896, i. 502. 
MOLEXGRAAFF, G. A. F., on South African coal. 1895, ii. 411. 
MOLERAT, E., book on metallurgy by. 1895, ii. 633. 
MOLIN, W., on analysis of file steel. 1890, ii. 810. 

on iron ore in Ontario. 1898, i. 184. 

MOLINA, M. DB, book on mining by. 1891, ii. 368. 
MOLINEAUX, William (Bilston), elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

MOLINEAUX, William (Moxley), on failures in necks of chilled iron rolls. 

1892, ii. 189. 
MOLISCH, A., on iron in plants. 1898, ii. 319. 
MOLTERSKI, K., on determination of oxygen. 1899, ii. 493. 
Molybdenum alloys. 1895, i. 202 ; 1897, i. 562. 

determination of. 1900, ii. 581. 

in Belgian coal. 1897, ii. 322. 

in iron ore. 1897, i. 343. 

in steel manufacture. 1894, i. 584. 

influence of, on steel. 1897, ii. 471. 

preparation of. 1895, ii 585. 

steel. 1898, ii. 547. 

MONCKTON, G. F., on coal in British Columbia. 1900, i. 298. 
MONCRIEFF, J. M., on coal handling and shipping. 1898, ii. 456. 
MOND, LUDWIG, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

on application of Mond $ras. 1896, i. 164. 

on blast-furnace gas. 1898, i. 88. 



352 GBNKKAL INDEX. 

MOND, LuDWio, on blowing engine worked bj blast-furnace gas. 1900, L 
113. 

on coke-ovens. 1898, i. 60. 

on mannfacture and application of water-gas. 1900, i. 137. 

on volatile compound of iron and carbonic oxide. 1891, ii. 320. 

MoND gas-producer plant. 1897, i. 404. 

gas-prodncers. 1897, i. 40G. 

producer gas applied to tbe mannfactare of steel. 1896, i. 144. 

MONELL, Ambbosb, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 

on open-bearth continaoos steel process. 1900, i. 71. 

MONET, R. A., on boring throngh qnicksands. 1892, i. 34-1. 

MONKS, F. W., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

MONNICH colliery shaft. 1894, i. 481. 

MONONGAHELA blast-fumaces. 1890, ii. 745. 

river, ezcorsion on the. 1890, s. v. 432. 

Montana, bitumen from. 1894, ii. 343. 

coalfields of. 1892, ii. 363 ; 1893, i. 229. 

iron ore in. 1891, i 257. 

MONTELIUS, G. O. a., on history of iron. 1900, ii. 514. 

MONTEMARTINI, C, on action of nitric acid in iron. 1892, ii. 507. 

MONTGOMERY, A., on Australasian carbonaceous deposits. 1898, ii. 351. 

MONTGOMERY, J. A., on coke ovens. 1896, i 349. 

MONTICOLO, A., on mines of Elba. 1895, i. 187. 

MONTPELLIER, J. A., on electric conductor^ for mines. 1892, ii. 412. 

Montreal, visit to. 1890, s. v. 471. 

MONTRICUARD, M. de, on pumping appliances. 1896, ii. 333. 

MONTSERRAT, E. DE, book on metallurgy bj. 1891, ii. 367. 

MOODY, T. P., on coal in Queensland. 1900, i. 299. 

on occurrence of amberite in New Zealand coal. 1890, ii. 687. 

MOON, W. N., on foundry costs. 1898, i. 473. 

MOORE, M. J., on determination of sulphur. 1900, L 434, ii. 576. 

MOORE, K, on coal output in East Scotland. 1890, i. 380. 

MOORE, R. D., on moulding. 1897, ii. 410. 

on warping of castings. 1898, ii. 415. 

MOORE, R. T., on hydraulic pumping arrangements. 1891, i. 321). 

on Lanarkshire coalfield. 1898, i. 220. 

on mineral oil industry of Scotland. 1898, i. 241. 

on pumping appliances. 1898, i. 274. 

MOORE, R. W., on Whitehaven collieries. 1894, ii. 371. 

MOORE, T., on determination of cobalt in manganese ores. 1892, i. 495. 

on volumetric estimation of manganese. 1891, i. 440. 

MOORE, William (Loftus-in-Cleveland), elected member. 1894, i. 3 

MOORUOUSE, J. C, on steel for cutting tools. 1892, i. 483. 

MOORWOOD, Thomas P., elected member. 1894, i. 3. 

MORAN, D. E., on shaft-sinking in iron mines. 1890, i. 380. 

MORAN, M. A., on casting machinery. 1899, ii. 406. 

MORANDIEKE, J., on metal under- frames for railway waggons. 1896, i. 

47y. 
MoiLVViA, Devonian iron ores in. 1899, ii. 308. 
Moravian fireclay. 1897, i. 357 ; 1899, ii. 337. 
MoBAWiTZKA magnetic mine. 1892, i. 270. 



GENERAL INDEX. 853 

MORDECAI, A., on steel forgings and castings for ordnance. 1898, ii. 517. 

on tests of ordnance steel. 1895, ii. 578. 

MORDEY, W. M., elected member. 1899, ii. & 

on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1895, L 458. 

on theories and facts relating to cast iron and steel. 1899, i. 1S3. 

MOKEAU, A., book on metallorgy bj. 1891, ii. 867. 

MOREAU, Gm book on mining bj. 1894, ii. 539. 

on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1899, i. 421. 

on torsion and recalescence of steel. 1899, ii. 466. 

MOREILLON, M., on molecular changes in iron. 1892, ii. 481. 

MOREL, Sir T., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

MORENO, F., on coal in the Argentine Republic. 1898, L 231. 

MOREWOOD, A. P., on gas-testers. 1897, i. 431. 

MORGAN, C. H., on wire-drawing machines. 1891, ii. 290. 

MORGAN, GwYN Vauohan, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

MORGAN, J., on suspended feed-table for rolling-mills. 1890, ii. 771. 

MORGAN, J. J., book on metallurgy bj. 1899, i. 507. 

elected member. 1898, i. 3. 

on analysis of iron and steel. 1898, 1. 403; 1894, i. 600; 1899, i. 

464. 
on composition of pig iron. 1893, ii. 440. 

on sulphur determination. 1897, i. 579. 



on tabular scheme for iron ore analysis. 1895, i. 514. 

MOllGAN, OcTAVius Vaughan, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 

obituary notice of. 1896, i. 287. 

MORGAN, Penby Vaughan, elected member. 1897, 1. 2. 

MORGAN, Ralph L., elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

MORGAN, S. v., votes of thanks by. 1895, i. 193 ; 1899, i. 14. 

MORGAN, Thomas Rees, obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 256. 

MORGAN, W., on an ancient Welsh blast-furnace. 1897, ii. 386. 

MOBOAN 1000-ton forging press. 1895, i. 418. 

Mobgan-Allen heating furnace. 1896, i. 472. 

MORGANS, John T., elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 

MORGANS, W., on winding engines. 1899, ii. 323. 

MORGEN, Db., on detection of adulteration of basic slag. 1892, i. 496. 

MORGENROTH, L. C, on extinction of fires in mines. 1899, ii. 383. 

on mine surveying. 1900, ii. 482. 

on winding appliances. 1899, ii. 369. 

MORISON, D. B., on manufacture of propeller shafts. 1899, ii. 446. 
MORISON, J., on application of belts to shipment of coal. 1897, ii. 12. 

on coal handling and shipping. 1898, ii. 455. 

on walling and sinking with the Galloway scaffold. 1895, i. 348. 

MORRIS, Claude John, elected member. 1896, ii. 3. 

obituary notice of. 1900, ii. 391. 

MORRIS, M., ou bituminous rock in Kentucky. 1897, i. 402. 
MORRIS, R. L., on petroleum in West Virginia. 1899, i. 333. 
MORRIS, T., on some applications of steel. 1895, ii. 536. 

on testing iron and steel. 1892, i. 470 ; 1898, i. .368. 

MORRIS, WILLLA.M, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 
MORRIS, W. H., on basic slag as a manure. 1892, ii. 459. 

on control of silicon in pig iron. 1892, i. 403, ii. 434. 

Z 



334 GENERAL INDEX. 

MORRIS, W. J., on iron ore in Ontario. 1899, i. 287. 

MORRIS, W. M., on winding-engines. 1896, ii. 324. 

MORRISON, J., on limestone mining in Scotland. 1898, ii. 328. 

MORRISON, Thomas, elected member. 1895, i. 8. 

MORSE, R. O., on effect of heat treatment on steel. 1900, i. 408. 

MORSE, W. S., on Taylor gas-producer. 1898, ii. 384. 

MORSTEDT, S. F., on washing iron ores. 1890, i. 212. 

MORT, A., on subsidence caused bj mining. 1900, i. 340. 

MOBTALITY, mining. 1898, i. 425. 

MOBTABS, casting. 1890, i. 301. 

MORTIER, P., on use of blast-furnace gas. 1899, ii. 401. 

on ventilating appliances. 1892, ii. 408 ; 1894, 1. 499, ii. 367. 

MORTON, H., on gaseous compounds with iron. 1896, i. 523. 

on pyrometrj. 1894, ii. 809 ; 1896, i. 311. 

on rules relating to the use of electricity. 1891, i. 347. 

Moscow coal basin. 1897, i. 610. 

MOSELBY, E. T., on coal in Cape Breton. 1898, ii. 398. 

Moselle and Saar, iron trade of. 1895, ii, 465. 

MOSES, A. J., on magnetite pseudomorphous after hsematite. 1898, i. 193. 

MOSES, W., on coal-mining in China. 1892, ii. 418. 

MoTOB, petroleum, for underground pumping. 1891, ii. 217. 

using blast-furnace gas. 1898, ii. 130. 

MoTOBS, compound air compressors and. 1891, ii. 220. 

electric, in workshops. 1890, ii. 803. 

MOTT, A. C. on moulding. 1899, ii. 41^. 

MOTTRAM, T. H., on fire-damp explosions. 1900, i. 334. 

MOULAN, P., on alloys of iron and nickel. 1895, i. 480. 

on metal mixers. 1895, i. 448. 

on tests of armour plates. 1894, ii. 467. 

on tests of nickel steel. 1894, ii. 457. 

MOULD, H. S., on briquetting iron ore and flue dust. 1898, ii. 380. 

MOULD, R. A., on railway axles. 1897, ii. 442. 

MOULDEBS, working time of. 1896, i. 428. 

Moulding, 1898, i. 316: 1895, i. 408; 1896, ii. 864; 1897, i. '489, ii. 409; 

1898, i. 470, ii. 482 ; 1899, i. 391, ii. 416 ; 1900, i. 364. 
cylinders in dry sand. 1892, ii. 443. 

machines. 1890, ii. 768 ; Ififi^l, i. 373, ii. 252 ; 1892, i. 444 : 1894, i. 586 ; 

1896, i. 428. 

sand, preparation of. 1891, i. 373 ; 1896, i. 427. 

toothed gearing. 1895, ii. 488. 



Moulds, chilled. 1895, ii. 488. 

for irregular sections. 1896, i. 424. 

handling, in Bessemer steelworks. 1892, i. 442. 

machine for pushing ingots from. 1890, i. 339. 

open sand, casting plates in. 1890, i. 302. 

venting. 1896, i. 428. 

Mount Mobgan, basic sulphate iron from. 1896, ii. 275. 
Mount Savage firebrick works. 1890, ii. 736. 
MOUNTAIN, W. C, on electricity in mining. 1895, i. 356. 
Mountain iron ore mine. 1898, ii. 316. 
MOURET, G., book on mining by. 1892, ii. 566. 



GENERAL INDEX. 355 

MOURLOT, A., on vanadiferoas coal. 189i, i. 464. 

MOXHAM, Abthub J., elected member. 1898, L 3. 

on electric welding of rail joints. 189i, i. 562. 

on rails. 1899, ii. 470. 

on wear of tramway rails. 1898, ii. 640. 

MOXHAM, £. C, on great Gossan lode of Virginia. 1892, i. 281. 

MOTA, L., on testing metals. 1900, ii. 556. 

MUCK, F., book on mining by. 1891, i. 484. 

on chemistry of coal. 1891, ii. 1G9. 

MUCK, J., on explosives and blasting. 1899,. i. 346. 

on lignite mining in Eastern Galicia. 1892, ii. 415. 

MUDD, T., obituary notice of. 1898, i. 318. 

on boiler steel. 1891, i. 408. 

MUULHAUSER, 0., on explosives. 1892, l 357. 

on petroleum in Trenton limestone. 1891, ii. 343. 

MUHR, F., on electrolytic deposition of iron. 1891, ii. 321. 

MUIR, J., on elastic limit. 1899, i. 434. 

MUIRHEAD, J., on handling steel ingots. 1898, ii. 480. 

MUIRHBAD. William— 

Paper on " Suggested improvements in the manufacture of sieel plates," 
1893, ii. 102 ; desirability of abolishing slabbing, 102 ; proposed mill for 
the direct rolling of steel plates. 110; possible results, 114. — DtfcuMion.* 
J. RUey, 116; J. Davis, 119; J. W. Wailes, 119; G. J. Snelus, 120; 
J. Head, 121; H. W. HoUis, 123; T. Turner (Stoke-on-Trent), 124; G. 
Beard, 124; F. Finlayson, 125; J. Kiley, 126; A. Lamberton, 126; W. 
Muirhead, 127; £. W. Richards, 116, 129. 

MUKAI, T., book on metallurgy by. 1892, i. 534. 

on fire-resisting materials in Japan. 1898, ii. 383. 

on iron ores of Japan. 1898, ii. 361. 

on manganese steel. 1892, ii. 502. 

MULLBR, on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1900, ii. 498, 502. 

MCLLER, B., on manufacture of briquettes. 1894, i. 517. 

MOLLER, C, on manufacture of pig iron in Germany. 1895, i. 394. 

MttLLER, F. C. G., books on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 487 ; 1898, ii. 600. 

on improvements in blast-f urnuce construction. 1892, i. 395. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894:, i. 227. 

on Erupp steelworks. 1896, ii. 382. 

on Nischnje-Saldinsk steelworks. 1890, i. 318. 

on state of carbon in steel. 1895, i. 495. 

MULLER, Gust. H., elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

MtJLLER, H., book on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 487. 

on iron ore deposits at Berggiesishiibel. 1890, ii. 656. 

MULLER, J., on beehive ovens. 1900, i. 303. 

MULLER, K., on history of coal-mining. 1900, ii. 482. 

MCLLBR, O. H., on mine pumps. 1899, i. 351. 

MULLER, W., on electricity In mines. 1900, ii. 470. 

on rails. 1897, ii. 480. 

MULLER, W. J., on coal in Poland. 1897, ii. 316. 

MULVANY, T. R., on coal in Rhenish Westphalia. 1898, ii. 394. 

MUMFORD, E. H., on foundry appliances. 1900, ii. 509. 

on moulding. 1898, ii. 483. 



356 GENERAL INDEX. 

MD^NCH, a., on temperatures of ignition. 1894, iL 311. 
MUNCH, H.| on breaking masses of iron by blasting. 1890, ii. 801. 
MUNGALL, James, obituary notice of. 1898, i. 318. 
MUNC^ALL, W. H., on diamond boring. 1893, ii. 385. 

on fire-damp explosions. 1890, i. 266. 

on history of coal-mining. 1896, i. 883. 

on screening coal. 1897, ii. 366. 

MUNIBK-CH ALMAS, on classification of coal measures. 1896, ii. 401. 

Munitions of war, export of. 1897, i. 579. 

MUNKFOBS Works. 1898, ii. 316. 

MUNRO, Charles J. W., elected member. 1894, i. 3. 

MUNTENU, J., on coal-mines on the Lower Danube. 1890, i. 224. 

MUNTON, J., on solidifying steel ingots. 1892, 1. 443. 

MuNTON process for manufacturing tires. 1890, ii. 806. 

tire-mill. 1892, i. 457. 

MUNZEL, M., on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1900, ii. 498. 

MURDAY, T. J., on fire-damp indicators. 1892, i. 380. 

MURDOCH, G., on corrosion of iron. 1894, i. 597. 

MURDOCH, W., on iron ore in Ontario. 1899, i. 287. 

MURGUE, D., on friction of air-currents. 1898, ii. 405 ; 1894, i. 497. 

on mine ventilation. 1895, i. 363 ; 1899, ii. 381. 

MURPHY, J. A., on foundry appliances. 1900, ii. 508. 
MURPHY, J. G., book on mining by. 1890, i. 409. 
MURRAY, C. B., on analysis of iron. 1896, i. 531. 

on ferro-silicon. 1897, i. 578. 

on silicon determination. 1898, i. 523. 

MURRAY, J. W., on generation of steam by blast-furnace gases. 1894, ii 388. 
MURRAY, R. A. F., on coal in Victoria. 1890, L 227, ii. 686. 

on lignite deposits of Gippsland. 1892, i. 323. 

MURRAY, T. E., on structural steel fly-wheels. 1896, ii. 890. 
MURTON, C. J., on deposits in old workings. 1896, L 382. 

on geology of Northumberland and Durham coalfield. 1892, iL 252. 

MUSGRAVE, John Raven, elected member. 1899, i. 4. 
MusGRAVE, John, & Sons, Limited. 1899, ii. 286. 
MUSGRAVE, Joseph, obituary notice of. 1891, i. 239. 
MUSSY, M., on steel rails. 1890, ii. 807. 

on steel sleepers. 1891, ii. 296. 

MYERS, on collieries of Vancouver Island. 1892, ii. 357. 
MYHLERTZ, F. G., on determination of manganese. 1891, i. 444. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1893, ii. 529. 

MYLIUS, F., on iron carbide. 1897, i. 554. 



N. 

NAEGELI, K., on fireclays. 1898, iL 382. 

NAGAOKA, H., on magnetic qualities of iron and steeL 1894, i. 574. 

NAGEL, M., on coal in the South of France. 1892, ii. 353. 

on mining in the Gard coalfield. 1892, ii. 416. 

on pumping appliances. 1893, i. 273. 



GBKEKAL INDEX. 357 

NAGLB, A. F., on tests of Indiana coal. 1892, i. 326. 
NAMIAS, R., book on mining by. 1891, i. 484. 

on analysis of blast-furnace gases. 1890, ii. 857. 

on analysis of blast-f arnace slag. 1891, i. 446. 

on calorimetric determination of phosphorus. 1891, i. 485. 

on determination of chromium. 1890, ii. 853. 

on determination of manganese. 1900, i. 433. 

on determination of tungsten in steel. 1891, ii. 327. 

NAMUR, L., on tests of explosives. 1892, ii. 401. 
NANGLE, J., on ornamental ironwork. 1899, ii. 449. 
NANSOUTY, M. de, book on mining by. 1898, i. 585. 
Naphtha deposits in Persia. 1892, i. 340. 

in the Caucasus. 1895, ii. 424. 

NARCT, P., book on mining by. 1898, i. 585. 

NARE, J. B., on experiments with Imperatori process. 1891, ii. 281. 

on new forms of slag waggon. 1891, ii. 242. 

NASH, Thomas, elected member. 1898, i. 3. 
NA8INI, R, on natural gas in Italy. 1900, ii. 458. 
NASON, F. L., book on mining by. 1898, i. 451. 

on franklinite deposits of New Jersey. 1891, ii. 144 ; 1894, i. 417. 

on iron-bearing rocks of the Adirondack Mountains. 1898, ii. 315. 

on origin of iron ore. 1891, ii. 142 ; 1894, i. 422. 

on Ringwood Iron Mines, New Jersey. 1894, ii. 285. 

NASSB, R, books on mining by. 1893, i. 451 : 1894, i. 650. 

on duration of coal supply. 1898, i. 448. 

Natal, coal in. 1890, ii. 688 ; 1892, ii. 358 ; 1898, i. 226 ; 1900, ii. 438. 

coal industry of. 1892, i. 325 ; 1894, i. 638 ; 1900, i. 470. 

iron ore in. 1892, ii. 314. 

iron trade statistics of. 1897, ii. 531. 

Natiyb iron. 1892, ii. 446 ; 1893. i. 317, ii. 451 ; 1894, i. 538 ; 1895, i. 288 ; 

1897, ii. 277 ; 1899, i. 394 ; 1900, i. 366. 

iron, origin of. 1900, ii. 416. 

iron smelting in India. 1897, ii. 415. 

Natural asphalt in Transcaucasia. 1895, ii. 424. 

coke. 1899, i. 322. 

ferric sulphates from Chili. 1891, i. 259. 

gas. 1890, i. 239, ii. 705, s. v. 289 ; 1891, i. 312, ii. 196 ; 1892, i. 341. 

ii. 384 ; 1893, i. 246, ii. 380 ; 1894, i. 472, ii. 344 ; 1895, i. 339, ii. 428 ; 

1896, i. 364, ii. 318, 482 ; 1897, i. 404, ii. 336 ; 1898, i. 400, ii. 425 ; 1899, 

i. 834, ii. 364 ; 1900, i. 318, ii. 458. 

gas, analysis of, 1890, s. v. 229 ; 1891, i. 312 ; 1894, ii. 499. 

gas, melting iron with. 1895, ii. 485. 

gas, origin of. 1891, ii. 192. 

magnetic concentration. 1894, ii. 291. 

nickel iron. 1891, ii. 148 ; 1892, ii. 324. 

oxides of manganese. 1895, i. 291. 



Nature of wrought iron and steel. 1896, ii. 404. 
NAU, J. B., on alloys of iron and tungsten. 1892, i. 483. 

on basic Bessemer steel. 1890, ii. 793. 

on casting ingots. 1898, ii. 469. 

on capola with adjustable air inlet. 1895, i. 408. 



358 GENERAL INDEX. 

NAU, J. B^ on titaniam in iron. 1892, ii. 437. 

NAUMANN, A., on heat reactions in the producer. 1892, ii 386. 

NAUMANN, E., on deep boring. 1900, iL 462. 

Naval Exhibition, materials exhibited at the Royal. 1891, ii 42. 

Navy Yard, Washington. 1890, s. v. 455. 

NAYLOR, John William, obituary notice of. 1899, 1 266. 

NAYLOR, William, on Turner waste-pickle recovery process. 1896, i. 484. 

NEARE, N. a, on utilisation of small coal. 1896, ii. 346. 

NEEDHAM, John, obituary notice of. 1899, ii. 294. 

Needles at Schwabach, manufacture of. 1896, ii 394. 

steel. 1896, ii. 536. 

NEFF, P., on natural gas in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. 1890, i. 242. 

NEHER, F., on determination of arsenic. 1893, i. 415. 

NEIL, J. M., on manufacture of gas from charcoal. 1900, ii. 444. 

NEILL, Jambs, elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

NEILSON, John, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

NEILSON, T., on estimation of sulphur in coal. 1891, i. 446. 

NEILSON, W., obituary notice of. 1896, i. 287. 

NEILSON, W. T., on determination of sulphur in coaL 1892, i. 496. 

NEINHAUS, J. W., on by-product coke-ovens. 1898, it 415. 

NEMECEE, J., on mine surveying. 1897, ii. 363 ; 1898, i. 426. 

NENTIEN, on iron ore in Canada. 1897, ii. 270. 

Neoorad district, coal deposits of. 1896, ii. 300. 

NESBIT, David Mein, elected member. 1900, i. 3. 

NESMITH, J. W., on coal from Colorado. 1891, i. 295. 

on iron and manganese ores from Colorado. 1891, i. 257. 

Nethebseal, boring at. 1898, i. 373. 

colliery,. minerals at. 1897, ii. 309. 

NETTLETON, on calorific values. 1898, i. 372. 
NEU, L., on coal-cutting machinery. 1895, ii. 442. 

NEUBAUER, H., on determination of phosphorus. 1892, ii. 513 ; 1898, iL 
529 ; 1896, i. 533. 

NEUBERGER, O., on electrical transmission of power. 1897, ii. 350. 
NEUBURGER, H., book on mining by. 1899, iL 582. 

on petroleum. 1900, i. 310, ii. 456. 

NEUKIRCH, v., on freeing collieries from water. 1894, ii. 364. 

on new pumping plant. 1894, i. 495. 

NEUMANN, on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1900, ii. 501. 
NEUMANN, B., books on metallurgy bv. 1897, i. 628 ; 1898, ii. 600. 

on accuracy of chemical analysis. 1896, iL 438. 

on determination of iron. 1897, i. 575. 

on determination of nickel. 1898, ii. 560. 

NEUMANN, G., on occlusion of hydrogen by iron. 1898, i. 391. 
NEUMANN, H., on Luxemburg iron trade. 1895, ii. 616. 
NEUMANN, V. voN, on coal-dust firing. 1896, ii. 345. 
NEUSVILLE, De, on magnetic concentration. 1900, i. 288. 
Nkvada, coalfield of. 1897, i. 385. 
NEVEU, F., book on metallurgy by. 1897, i. 628. 
NEVILLE, F. H., on the pyrometer. 1895, i. 310. 
NEVIN, J., on underground rope haulage. 1892, ii. 396. 
on Yorkshire coalfield. 1890, ii. 681. 



GENERAL INDEX. 359 

Nbw American blast-furnace. 1898, ii. 471 ; 1899, i. 378 ; 1900, ii. 503. 

American foundries. 1899, ii. 414. 

American steelworks. 1900, i. 382, ii. 528, 529. 

bar mill. 1891, i. 385. 

Belgian blast-furnace. 1900, ii. 504. 

blooming mill. 1891, i. 381. 

boring and drilling tod. 1891, i. 404. 

casting ladle. 1897, ii. 441. 

casting machine for blast-furnaces. 1899, ii. 53. 

coal-screen. 1890, i. 277. 

coal-washing plant. 1891, i. 349. 

coke-oven. 1890, ii. 699. 

English blast-furnace. 1900, ii. 490. 

form of blast-furnace construction. 1895, i. 387 ; 1900, ii. 493. 

form of regenerative furnace. 1895, i. 434. 

gas producer. 1890, i. 245, ii. 705. 

Grerman steelworks plant. 1897, ii. 440. 

hot-blast stove. 1895, i. 390. 

method of producing high temperature. 1900, ii. 191. 

rolling-mill engines. 1899, ii. 422. 

Russian steelworks. 1899, i. 412. 

safety-lamps, 1890, ii. 720. 

tool steel. 1900, ii. 535. 

New Bbunswick, manganese ore io. 1898, ii. 359. 

New Caledonia, coal in. 1891, i. 285 ; 1892, iL 368 ; 1895, i. 323 ; 1897, 
i. 386 ; 1900, ii. 442. 

iron ore in. 1891, i. 255. 

nickel and chrome iron ore in. 1891, ii. 153. 

New East River suspension bridge. 1899, ii. 448. 

New England coalfields. 1895, ii. 414. 

New Jersey, fireclays in. 1895, i. 304. 

franklinite deposits of. 1894, i. 416, ii. 287. 

iron mining industry of. 1891, ii. 362. 

iron ore in. 1890, s. v. 82 ; 1895, i. 285, ii. 370 ; 1897, i. 342, ii. 273 ; 

1899, i. 288. 

magnetite. 1892, L 278. 

production of iron ore in. 1890, ii 886. 



New Lisbon, Ohio, natural gas from. 1895, i. 341. 

New Mexico, coal in. 1891, i. 298 ; 1899, i. 315 ; 1900, ii. 440. 

iron ore in. 1892, ii. 318. 

New Minnesota iron ore field. 1891, i. 256. 

New^ South Wales, chrome iron ore in. 1898, ii. 359. 

coal. 1890, i. 226 ; 1893, ii. 350. 

coal-fields of. 1891, ii. 177 ; 1892, ii. 356 ; 1898, i. 227 ; 1894, i. 446 ; 

1896, ii. 411 ; 1897, i. 382 ; 1899, ii. 346. 

coal-mining in. 1891, i. 449. 

Eskbank iron works. 1894, i. 543. 

fireclay from. 1892, ii. 343. 

iron ores of. 1890, ii. 657; 1891, ii. 143; 1892, ii. 310, 312; 1894, 



i. 411 ; 1900, ii. 410. 

— manufacture of coke in. 1892, ii. 371 ; 1898, IL 362. 



360 GENEBAX INDEX. 

New South Wales, mineral statistics of. 1891, ii. 334 ; 1892, iL 528 ; 188B, 
ii. 542; 1894, ii. 502; 1895, ii. 607; 1896, ii. 459; 1897, ii 516; 1898, 
ii. 568 ; 1899, ii. 496. 

oil shale in. 1897, i. 401. 

smelting works. 1898, ii. 364. 

smokeless coal in. 1891, ii. 179. 

New York and Brooklyn Bridge. 1890. s. v. 406. 

Brooklyn Navy Yard. 1890, s. v. 403. 

City, reception. 1890, s. v. 403. 

Consolidated Gas Company. 1890, s. v. 406. 

De la Vergne refrigerating works. 1890, s. v. 404. 

Bdison laboratory. 1890, s. v. 405. 

iron ore in. 1890, i. 194. 

magnetites in. 1897, i. 342. 

Passaic Rolliog Mill Company*s works. 1890, s. v. 407. 

Passaic Zinc Company's works. 1890, s. v. 407. 

School of Mines of Columbia College. 1890. s. v. 407. 

Steven's Institute of Technology. 1890, s. v. 408. 

Tilly Foster ore mines. 1890, s. v. 404. 

Washington Bridge. 1890, s. v. 404. 

western, natural gas in. 1890, i. 242. 

New Zealand, chrome ore in. 1892, ii. 328 ,- 1895, ii. 381 ; 1898, i. 355. 

coal in. 1890, ii. 686 ; 1893, i. 229. ii. 352 ; 1895, ii. 413 ; 1899, ii. 347 ; 

1900, i. 299. 

coal-mining in. 1892, i. 502. 

coke In. 1893, i. 237. 

imports and exports. 1892, ii. 529. 

iron ore in. 1893, i. 185 ; 1900, ii. 410. 

iron-sand. 1900, i. 275, 

magnetic iron-sands, treatment of. 1896, i. 65. 

manganese ore in. 1895, ii. 381. 

mineral resources of. 1894, ii. 583. 

mineral statistics of. 1891, i. 450 ; 1898, i. 424, ii. 542 ; 1894, i. 

624 ; 1895, i. 520 ; 1896, i. 546, ii. 459 ; 1898, ii. 568 ; 1900, i. 448. 

mining industry of. 1900, ii. 591. 

petroleum in. 1890, ii. 701. 



NEWBERRY, J. S., on Amboy fireclays. 1898, i. 364. 

NEWBIGIN, H. T., on iron ore in Norway. 1898, ii. 350. 

Newcomen steam-engine. 1894, ii. 364. 

NEWELL, F. H., on mine surveying. 1900, ii. 482. 

NEWETT, G. A., on Lake Superior iron ore. 1899, i. 501. 

Newfoundland coal. 1892, i. 324 ; 1898, i. 225 ; 1896, i. 340 ; 1898, ii. 398. 

iron ore. 1896, i. 305 ; 1897, i. 339, ii. 272 ; 1898, ii. 359 ; 1900, ii. 411. 

mining industry of. 1899, i. 482 ; 1900. i. 453. 

petroleum in. 1898, i. 396. 

NEWKIRK, J. R., on cast joints for rails. 1897, ii. 411. 
NEWMAN, J., books on metallurgy by. 1896, i. 574, ii. 487. 
Newport Iron Works, blowing engines at. 1898, i. 303. 

works of Messrs. Mordey, Carney, & Co., Ltd. 1897, ii. 247. 

NEWSOM, R., on dip of coal in Illinois* 1895, i. 324. 
NEWTON, H. A., on meteorites. 1893, i. 199 ; 1897, i. 844. 



GENERAL INDEX. 361 

NEWTON, J., on mannfactnre of axle-boxes. 1895, i. 461. 

NiAOABA Falls, visit to. 1890, s. ▼. 221, '451, 453. 

NICHOLAS, E., obitnarj notice of. 1895, ii. 852. 

NICHOLAS, F. C, on coal in Columbia and Venezaela. 1898, 11. 403. 

NICHOLLS, W. J., books on mining by. 1898, i. 585, ii. 601 ; 1897, ii. 552. 

NICHOLS, T. B., on iron works of Samaca, Colambia. 1894, ii. 891. 

NICHOLSON, D. E., on heating furnaces. 1890, ii. 783. 

on rolling rails. 1890, i. 309. 

NICHOLSON, E. D., on chiUed rolls. 1899, 1. 386. 

NICHOLSON, H. H., on determination of iron. 1896, ii. 447. 

Nickel and iron, supposed new sulphides of. 1898, 11. 323. 

and manganese alloys. 1894, 11. 449. 

carbonjl, formation of. 1896, i. 528. 

chrome and silicon steels. 1898, 11. 544. 

chromium and manganese, reduction of. 1898, 1. 302. 

determination of. 1898, i. 414; 1894, 1. 615, Ii. 494; 1895, 11. 598; 

1897, i. 572, ii. 506 ; 1898, 11. 560 ; 1899, ii. 487 ; 1900, 11 580. 

in steel manufacture. 1898, ii. 484. 

influence of, on critical points of Iron and steel. 1890, 1. 56. 

iron alloys. 1890, ii. 664 ; 1892, 1. 416, IL 434, 503 ; 1894, i. 584 ; 1895, 



i. 480, ii. 584 ; 1896, 11. 416. 

— iron, cobalt, separation of. 1891, 1. 442. 

— iron, natural. 1891, Ii. 148 ; 1892, ii. 324. 

— manufacture of. 1894, i. 568. 

— mines at Sudbury. 1890, s. v. 215. 

— mines of Canada. 1890, s. v. 359. 

— ore. 1895, 1. 291 ; 1899, i. 296. 

— ores, treatment of. 1890, s. v. 217 ; 1894, 1. 429 ; 1895, ii 393. 

— permanent magnetism of. 1898, ii. 494. 

— plating. 1894, 11. 436 ; 1895, ii. 541. 

— separation of, from iron. 1891, ii. 328. 

— - steel. 1892, 11. 460 ; 1898, i. 385 ; 1895, 11. 164, 564 ; 1896, i. 516 ; 1897, 
iL 478 ; 1898, 1. 506, ii. 543 ; 1900, i. 411, ii. 547. 

— steel armour. 1897, 1. 553. 

— steel crank shaft. 1897, ii. 442. 

— steel, physical properties of. 1890, 1. 354. 

— steel, rolling. 1891, 1. 412. 

— steel, tests of. 1891, ii. 311 ; 1894, ii. 467 ; 1899, i. 436. 

— welding of steel and. 1893, i. 357. 
world's production of. 1900, ii. 624. 



NiCKELlFEBOUS Iron of Sainte-Catherine. 1893, ii. 319. 

magnetites, 1899, i. 295. 

pyrites from Ontario. 1894, ii. 280. 

MICOLAI, G., on electric lamps. 1898, 11. 447. 
NIEBUHR, E., on gas-produceri*. 1900, i. 319. 
MIEDENFiJHR, H. H., on fire-resisting materials. 1896, 1. 324. 

on petroleum. 1896, i, 357. 

NIESSEN, Db., on brown coal in the Rhineland. 1899, ii. 345. 

on eye accidents. 1897, 1. 468. 

NIETZSCHMANN, M., on rock drill?. 1898, ii. 373. 
NIHOUL, E., on determination of iron. 1898, i. 416. 



362 GENERAL INDEX. 

NiJNi-NovGOBOD Exhibition, iron and steel at. 1897, i. 584. 

Exhibition, iron trade at. 1896^ ii. 476. 

Nijni-Saldinsk steelworks. 1890, i. 318. 

NIEITIN, S., on Russian coaL 1897, ii. 314. 

NISBET, J. M., on native iron manufacture. 1899, i. 894. 

NISBET, N., on working coal. 1897, ii. 355. 

NiSSEDAL, iron ore of. 1896, i. 302. 

Nitric acid, action of, on iron. 1892, ii. 507. 

NiTBiDB of iron. 1894, i. 591. _.,-^ 

NiTBO-CABBON Compounds of iron. 1896, ii. 180. 

NiTBOGSK contents of Califomian bitumen. 1894, ii. 343. 

determination of. 1894, i. 619. 

in coal. 1896, i. 345 ; 1898, i. 381. 

in steel. 1896, ii. 161. 

NITZE, H. B. C, on Dan River coal basin in North Carolina. 1891, i. 

295. 
on iron ore in Newfoundland. 1900, ii. 411. 

on iron ore in the Ural Mountains. 1899, ii. 311. 

on limonite in North Carolina. 1897, ii. 274. 

on magnetic iron ore in North Carolina. 1892, i. 278. 

on magnetic separation. 1897, i. 354. 

on titaniferouB ore belt of North Carolina. 1892, ii. 429. 

on Wetherill method of magnetic separation. 1896, ii. 290. 

NX YEN, J., on stopping back water by brick dams. 1892, i. 363. 

NIXON, James, memoir of. 1900, i. 339. 

NOALHAT, H., book on mining by. 1899, ii. 532. 

on petroleum. 1900, i. 310. 

NOBEL, A., on working coal. 1897, ii. 355. 

NOBLE, Sib A., on explosives. 1894, ii. 361. 

NOBLE, J. D., on petroleum in Canada. 1900, ii. 456. 

Noble gas-furnace. 1892, ii. 454. 

NODDER, J., on working steel. 1894, i. 583 ; 1898, i. 509. 

NOETLING, F., on coalfields of the Northern Shan States. 1891, i. 291. 

on mines of Upper Burma. 1892, ii. 360. 

on petroleum in Burma. 1897, ii. 333 ; 1898, i. 396. 

Nomenclature, plate. 1891, ii. 295. 

NON-UNIPORMITY of iron from one cast. 1893, i. 309. 

NONDOU^ collieries. 1897, i. 386. 

NoBA mining district, Sweden. 1891, i. 465. 

Nobbebo iron ore mines. 1893, ii. 310. 

NORDENFELT, T. W., elected member. 1898, ii. 6. 

on action of explosives on tubes of steel guns. 1898, ii. 239. 

vote of thanks bv. 1900, ii. 275. 

NORDENSKIOLD, 0., on anthracite coal in Sweden. 1895, i. 319. 

on bitumen in Swedish iron ore mines. 1893, i. 243. 

on Ljungby meteorite. 1892, ii. 325. 

on native iron in Greenland. 1898, i. 195. 

NORDENSTROM, Erik, on rock drills. 1898. ii. 374. 

NORDENSTROM, G., on deep-boring. 1900, i. 320. 

on diamond-boring. 1894, ii. 296. 

on diamond hand-drills in Sweden. 1892, ii. 334. 



GENERAL INDEX. 363 

NORDENSTROM, G., on exploring for iron ore. 1900, i. 282. 

on hand-boring for ore with the diamond drill. 1890, i. 209. 

on iron ore in Sweden. 1894, iL 526 ; 1898, i. 342 ; 1900, ii. 619. 

on magpaetic concentration. 1892, ii. 340. 

Paper on "Most prominent and characteristic featares of Swedish 
iron ore mining," 1898, ii. 35. I. Introdaction — general geology, 35. II. 
Geographical distribution of the Swedish iron ores — their occorrence, 
nature, and composition, 39 ; (i. ) geographical distribution of the iron 
ores, 39; (ii.) mode of occurrence, 40; (iii.) nature and composition, 44. 
III. Use of magnetic instruments in ezplorinff for iron 6re, 47. IV. 
Prospecting for iron ore deposits bj means of diamond drilling, 56. Y. 
Breaking ground — methods of working, 57. VI. Ventilation of mines, 
60. VII. Picking, cobbing, and washing iron ores, 61. VIII. Surveying 
methods — maps and models of mines, 62. IX. Production of iron ore, 65; 
analysis of Swedish iron ores, 68-72 ; maximum vertical depth of principal 
ore mines in Sweden at the end of 1895, 73 ; number of mines in work 
and yearly average production of iron ore, 74. — Ditcuttion : H. Bauerman, 
75 ; E. P. Martin, 75. 

on occurrence of fire-damp in iron ore mines. 1899, i. 301. 

on shaft-sinking. 1893, ii. 389. 

on sinking through quicksand. 1894, ii. 348. 



NORDSTROM, A., address of welcome to Stockholm. 1898, ii. 3. 
NORDSTROM, E. a., on wire ropeways. 1894, ii. 300. 

on sampling iron ore. 1895, ii. 390. 

NOBMANDY, iron ore in. 1900, i. 268. 

NORBIE mine. 1890, s. v. 196, 380. 

NORRIS, Chables Guest, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 

NORRIS, G. L., on determination of manganese. 1891, ii. 330. 

on determination of phosphorus in coal. 1894, ii. 500. 

NORRIS, R. VAN A., on centrifugal ventilators. 1892, i. 371 

on coal consumption at collieries. 1899, 1. 357. 

on friction of colliery waggon wheels. 1890, I. 255. 

on rope haulage. 1891, ii. 210. 

NOBBISTOWN steelworks, Pennsylvania. 1891, i. 393. 
NORTH, Harby, elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 
NORTH, J. T., obituary notice of. 1896, i. 288. 
NOBTH Afbica, iron ores of. 1894, i. 419. 
NOBTH Ambbica, boring for petroleum in. 1895, i. 335. 

coal in the South-Eastem States of. 1897, ii. 320. 

cretaceous coal in. 1894, ii. 328. 

NOBTH Cabolina, chromite in. 1900, ii. 417. 

cost of pig iron in. 1890, i. 288. 

Dan River coal-basin. 1891, i. 295. 

limonitein. 1897, ii. 274. 

magnetic iron ore in. 1892, i. 278 ; 1898, i. 346. 

NoBTH Lebanon furnaces. 1890, s. v. 231. 

NoBTH Stappobdshibe coalfield. 1890, i. 234 ; 1898, ii. 391. 

Nobth'b Navigation Co. collieries, washery, and coke-OTens. 1897, ii. 249. 

NOBTHAMPTONSHIBB, iron-ore beds of. 1892, i. 266. 

NOBTHBBN centre of American iron trade. 1890, s. y. 225. 

excursion (Sweden). 1898, ii. 274. 

States, conditions of pig iron manufacture in. 1890, 8. t. 166. 

Sweden, iron -ore deposits in. 1900, ii. 406. 



364 GENEBAL INDEX. 

NOBTUEBN toar, mines visited on. 1890, s. v. 193. 
NOBTHUMBKBLAND and Durham coalfield, geology of. 1802, ii. 352. 
NORTON, C. L., on calorimetry. 1897, ii. 305 ; 1899, ii. 339. 
NORTON, J. T., on determination of iron. 1899, ii. 489. 
NORTON, R. H., on coal-mining in Oregon. 1890, ii. 693. 
NORTON, S., on Imataca iron-ore range. 1894, i. 418. 

on South American iron ores. 1890, ii. 662. 

on utilisation of blast-furnace slag. 1895, ii. 482. 

NORTON, T. H., on peculiar forms of iron. 1897, ii. 491. 
NOBTON fluid-rolling process. 1890, ii. 771. 
NOBWAY, coal in. 1896, ii. 300. 

iron industry of. 1900, ii. 620. 

iron ore in. 1895, ii. 365 ; 1896, i. 302 ; 1898, ii. 350 ; 1900, ii. 405. 

mineral statistics of. 1891', ii. 351 ; 1897, ii. 540 ; 1898, i. 572. 

nickel ore in. 1897, ii. 283. 

NORWOOD, C. J., book on mining by. 1890, i. 409. 

on safety catches in mine cages. 1891, ii. 212. 

Notes on pumping machinery. 1891, ii. 215. 
NOTTINGHAMSHIBS and Yorkshire coalfield. 1896, ii. 298. 
NOUGAR^DE, on Hottinguer shaft. 1894, ii. 350. 

Nova Scotia, coal in. 1891, i. 455 ; 1894. 1. 631. ii. 322 ; 1900, i. 298, U. 434, 
597. 

coking plant in. 1894, i. 466. 

colliery explosions in. 1895, i. 372. 

goethite from. 1891, i. 256. 

history of coal-mining in. 1891, ii. 229 ; 1894, i. 528. 

iron ore in. 1892, i. 272. ii. 313 ; 1898, i. 185, ii. 312 ; 1894, ii. 280 ; 

1896, ii. 272 ; 1899, i. 287. 

ironmaking in. 1892, ii. 533. 

ironworks in. 1894, i. 527. 

Londonderry blast-furnace. 1892, ii. 428. 

manganese ore in. 1899, i. 287. 

mineral statistics of. 1890, i. 385 ; 1891, i. 455, ii. 340 ; 1892, i. 508 ; 



1894, ii. 507 ; 1897, i. 593. 

mining industry of. 1899, i. 482. 



NOVARESE, v., on graphite in Italy. 1898, ii. 385. 
NOVOTNY, A., book on metallurgy by. 1898, i. 584. 
NOWELL, W., on electricity in mines. 1899, ii. 373. 
NOWLAN, John, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 
NOYES, W. A., on analysis of coal. 1898, ii. 563. 

on coal. 1896, i. 32?. 

on determination of phosphoru.s. 1895, i. 505, ii. 59l>. 

on determination of titanium. 1891, i. 444. 

on natural gas from New Lisbon, Ohio. 1895, i. 341. 

NURSEY, P. F., on aluminium in ferro-carbon alloys. 1894, ii. 115. 

on coke-ovens. 1898, i. 5h. 

on nickel steel. 1895, ii. 185. 

on pig-iron production. 1898, i. 582. 

Paper on •* Pro<iuction of metallic bars of any section by extrusion 
at high temperature," 1896, i. 53 ; invention of A. Dick, 53 ; process of 
manufacture, 54 ; experiments to find suitable steel, 54 ; description of 



GENERAL INDEX. 365 

NURSEY, P. F. ieotUinucdy- 

apparatus, 56,— Discussion : G. J. Snelus, 62 ; G. A. Dick, 63 ; Sir T. 

Wrightson. 64. 

on steel waggon frames. 1890, i. 343. 

vote of thanks bj. 1899, ii. 238. 

NURSEY, W. R., on iron ore in Canada. 1900, i. 276. 

on iron ore in Newfoundland. 1900, ii. 411. 

NUTSCHITZ iron mines in Bohemia. 1892, ii. 307. 
Nykroppa works. 1898, ii. 317. 



o. 

OBALSEI, J., on chrome iron ore in Canada. 1895, i. 304. 
O'BBIRNE, H., on iron industry of Russia. 1894, ii. 522. 
OBERG, p., on sampling iron ore. 1895, ii. 391. 

Obituaky. 1890, i. 1G8 ; 1891, i. 229, ii. 121 ; 1892, i. 3, ii. 288 ; 1893, i. 172, 

ii. 290 ; 1894, i. 389, ii. 264 ; 1895, i. 259. ii. 350 : 1896 i. 283, ii. 255 ; 

1897, i. 309, ii. 254 ; 1898, i. 298. ii. 324 ; 1899, i. 261, ii. 292 ; 1900, i. 251, 

ii. 387. 
Obbeoon mines. 1896, ii. hg. 
OcCLUDBD gases in coal. 1899, ii. 341. 
Occlusion of hydrogen by iron. 1898, i. 391. 
OCCURRBNCB and composition of iron ore. 1890, i. 188, ii. 654 ; 1891, i. 250, 

ii. 142; 1892, i. 264, ii. 306; 1893, i. 178, ii. 302; 1894, i. 402. ii. 274; 

1895, i. 274, ii. 362 ; 1896, i. 298, ii. 270 ; 1897, i. 826, ii. 266 ; 1898, i. 334, 

ii. 342 ; 1899, i. 278, ii. 306 ; 1900, i. 266, ii. 402. 

of amberite in New Zealand. 1890, ii. 687. 

of blende in lignite. 1895, i. 325. 

- - of fire-damp in iron ore mines. 1899, i. 301. 

- of gas in collieries. 1893, ii. 413. 

- - of metallic bismuth in a blast-furnace. 1891, i. 268. 
of mineral resin in lignite. 1892, i. 316. 

of petroleum in Quebec 1893, i. 244. 

of vanadium in pig iron. 1900, ii. 505. 

OCHSENIUS, C, book on mining by. 1894, ii. 589. 

on formation of coal seams. 1896, ii. 305. 

on petroleum. 1896, i. 353 ; 1896, ii. 315 ; 1897, i. 393, 397. 

ODELBERG, G6STA, elected member. 1898, i 3. 

ODELSTJERNA, E. G., on charcoal-iron making. 1896, U. 348 ; 1897, i. 454. 

on charcoal making in the United States. 1896, ii 306. 

on Detroit spring and steel works. 1896, ii. 384. 

on faults in ingots. 1896, i. 445. 

on gas-producers in Sweden. 1894, ii. 347. 

on oil-fired furnaces at Cleveland. 1896, ii. 317. 

on open-hearth steel. 1897, i. 499. 

on open-hearth steel in Sweden. 1890, 1. 395; 1891, 1 464 ; 1894, ii. 410. 

on natural gas in the United States. 1896, ii. 818. 

on steelworks. 1896, ii. 381. 

on Ui>e of ore in the open -hearth process. 1890, i 313. 



366 6£N£RAL INDEX. 

ODERNHEIMER, on iron ore deposits of Elba. 1898, ii. 849. 
O'DONAHUB, T. A., book on mining by. 1898, i. 585. 

on winding appliances. 1899, ii. 368. 

OEKING & Co., on magnetic properties. 1897, i. 524. 

Oelheim, oil deposits at. 1896, L 855. 

OELWEIN, A., on basic steel and canalisation of the Moselle. 1890, i. 391. 

OGILYIE, A. Gbaemb, obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 256. 

OGLE, RiCHABD, obituary notice of. 1899, i. 267. 

Ohio, blast-furnaces in. 1891, i. 473. 

coal in. 1893, i. 229 ; 1894, i. 449 ; 1898, i. 378, ii. 400 ; 1899, i. 315. 

iron industry of. 1892, i. 529. 

iron ore in. 1900, i. 277. 

mine fires in. 1897, i. 433. 

mining in. 1897, i. 437. 

natural gas in. 1890, i. 241 ; 1893, i. 248. 

petroleum in. 1898, ii. 422 ; 1899, i. 333. 

Steel Company, plant of the. 1895, i. 441. 

steelworks at Youngstown. 1894, ii. 424. 

OHLY, J., on ozokerite in Galicia. 1900, ii. 457. 

on phosphorus determination. 1898, i. 535. 

Oil, ash-determination in. 1893, i. 421. 

deposits at Oelheim. 1896, i. 355. 

effect of, on iron. 1891, ii. 320; 1893, ii. 521; 1896, 1529; 1897, 

i. 564. 
fields of America. 1890, i. 238 ; 1892, i. 339, 525 ; 1896, i. 360, ii. 317. 

fields of India. 1890, i. 236. 

fields of Java and Sumatra. 1897, ii. 333. 

fields of Roumania. 1890, ii 703. 

fields of South America. 1892, ii. 382. 

fuel used at the South Chicago works. 1890, s. v. 313. 

gas. 1890, i. 244 : 1892, ii. 387. 

gas furnace. 1896, ii. 317 ; 1897, ii. 449. 

gas producer. 1890, i. 244. 

in Tennessee. 1896, i. 360. 

mineral, of Scotland. 1898, i. 241. 

shale in Brazil. 1891, i. 310 ; 1900, ii. 457. 

shale in Sweden. 1900, i. 317. 

shale industry. 1893, ii. 378 ; 1894, i. 468. 

springs of Temir-Chan-Schura. 1898, i. 395. 

transportation of. 1894, i. 471 ; 1896, i. 338. 



OKE, Francis Robert, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 
O'KEEFE, J. E., on coal-washing: and screening. 1900, ii. 485. 
Old mine rail, analysis of. 1896, i. 420. 

workings, deposits in. 1896, i. 382, 

Oldest association of ironmasters. 1900, ii. 619. 

record of coal-mining. 1895, i. 378. 

OLDHAM, H. G. V., on central steam condensing plant. 1899, ii. 425. 
OLDHAM, J. R., on iron ore shipment. 1897, ii. 292. 
OLDHAM, R. D., on coal in India. 1890, ii. 688. 

on petroleum in India. 1890, ii. 702 ; 1894, i. 469. 

OLDS, H. F., on shaft sinking. 1896, ii. 321. 



GENBRAX INDEX. 367 

OLIPHANT, F. H., on natural gas in the United States. 1900, ii. 458. 

on petroleum industry of the United States. 1898, ii. 595. 

Oliver & Roberts* wireworks. 1890, s. v. 432. 

OLIVERI, v., on determination of phosphoric anhydride. 1891, ii. 331. 

OLIVIER, L., on pig iron. 1897, i. 479. 

OLMSTED, J., on phosphorus in Hudson River carbonates. 1890, L 197. 

Omaha Exhibition, coal at the. 1898, ii. 400. 

O'NEIL, Admiral, on armour. 1900, i. 898. 

on armour-plates. 1898, i. 518 ; 1899, i. 468. 

O'NEILL, E., on Calif omian petroleum. 1893, i. 244. 
ONIONS, Zachariah W., elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 
Ontario, blast-furnace practice in. 1896, i. 412. 

coal in. 1897. i. 382. 

iron ore in. 1898, i. 183 ; 1896, i. 305, ii. 272 ; 1899, i. 287. 

magnetites. 1890, ii. 658 ; 1891, ii. 143. 

native iron in. 1892, ii. 312. 

natural gas in. 1890, i. 239 : 1893, i. 247 ; 1899, ii. 364 ; 1900, ii. 458. 

nickeliferous iron pyrites from. 1891, ii. 280. 

oil in. 1897, i. 400. 

statistics of. 1892, ii 535 ; 1898. ii. 547 ; 1897, i. 594. 

Onton pier. 1896, ii. 83. 

ONUFROWICZ, A., on manufacture of charcoal briquettes. 1894, ii. 333. 

Oolitic iron ore. 1890, ii. 655. 

iron ore in Lorraine. 1890, i. 190 ; 1898, i. 334. 

iron ore in Raasay. 1898, ii. 302. 

iron ore, microscopic structure of. 1892, ii. 323 

Open -HEARTH at Duisburg steelworks. 1897, ii. 432. 

charge. 1891, ii. 274. 

charging appliance for. 1895, ii. 506 ; 1897, i. 89. 

continuous steel process. 1900. i. 83. 

furnace, calorimetric study of the. 1891, i. 389. 

furnace, chemical phenomena of the. 1891, i. 265. 

furnace, fluid metal in. 1900, i. 22. 

furnace, large output. 1893, ii. 468. 

furnace, new form of. 1892, ii. 454. 

furnace record. 1892, ii. 454. 

furnace run. a remarkable. 1898, ii. 503. 

furnace, Sch5nwalder. 1892, ii. 453 ; 1898, L 327 ; 1894, i. 552. 

furnace, tilting:. 1892, ii. 452 ; 1893, i. 329 ; 1899, i. 69 ; 1900, ii. 524. 

furnaces. 1891, i. 388. 

- - — furnaces at Barrow. 1899, ii. 437. 

furnaces at Middlesborough, Kentucky. 1890, s. v. 346. 

furnaces charged by machinery. 1897, i, 89. 

furnaces, defects in. 1891, i. 390. 

furnaces in America. 1891, ii. 278 ; 1892, i. 431 ; 1898, ii. 457 ; 1894, 

i. 545. 
furnaces in Germany. 1895, ii. 507. 

furnaces in Spain. 1891, ii. 272. 

furnaces in Sweden. 1890, i. 395 ; 1891, i. 355, 464. 

furnaces in United Kingdom. 1900, i. 446, 

furnaces, reversing valves for. 1895, ii. 505. 



368 GENERAL INDEX. 

Opbn-hearth. manufactare of steel in the. 189i, ii. 139. 

metal, Bessemer and, from the same ores. 1891, i. 395. 

metal for ship plates. 1895, ii. 534. 

modern forms of. 1897, i. 500. 

plants. 1891, ii. 276 ; 1895, i. 435, ii. 510 ; 1899, ii. 437. * 

practice at Cambria works. 1890, s. v. 274. 

practice at Homestead works. 1890, s. v. 276. 

practice at Park Brothers & Company's works. 1890, s. v. 275. 

practice at Phcenix works. 1890, s. v. 272. 

practice in South Russia. 1898, ii. 505. 

process. 1890, i. 312, ii. 781, 782; 1891, ii. 268; 1892, i. 429; 1888, 

i. 325 : 1894, ii. 408 ; 1895, i. 431, ii. 504; 1896, i. 441, ii. 375 ; 1887, L 
499, iL 424 ; 1898, i. 484 ; 1899, L 404, ii. 434 ; 1900, i. 379, it 523. 

process, basic. 1890, i. 314, ii. 873. 

process, physical and chemical equations of. 1890, ii. 773. 



— process, use of ore in. 1890, i. 313 ; 1891, ii. 263. 

— regulation of temperatures produced in. 1898, 1. 484. 

— Siemens. 1891, ii. 272. 

— steel, basic. 1891, i. 391, ii. 268. 

- steel castings. 1892, i. 429 ; 1893, i. 323. 

— steel in United States. 1893, ii. 556 ; 1897, ii. 434. 

— steel manufacture. 1893, i. 329 ; 1897, i. 499 ; 1898, i. 488. 
steel. Styrian. 1890, i. 314. 



Open -II EARTHS, water-cooled doors for. 1898, i. 325. 
Opening the tap-hole of a blast-furnace. 1893, i. 298. 
OPPEKMANN, on explosions in fireclay. 1896, i. 323. 

on Fuveau coalfield. 1893, ii. 345. 

OPPL, W., on construction of a dam. 1900, ii. 418. 
OPPLBR, T., on safety-lamps. 1893, i. 278 ; 1894, i. 500. 
Orconera incline. 1896, ii. 55. 

Iron Ore Company's ores, analyses of. 1896, ii. 94. 

Iron Ore Company's Railway. 1896, ii. Go. 

iron ore mines. 1893, ii. 308. 

ORDE BROWNE, Captain R., on manufacture of armour-plate. 1893, i. 518, 

on nickel steel. 1895, ii. 195. 

Ordnance factories, constitution of. 1891, ii. 4. 

heavy, in United States. 1893, ii. 517. 

material, tests of. 1898, i. 517. 

steel forgings for. 1893, ii. 517. 

steel, tests of. 1895, ii. 578. 

wire-wound. 1898, i. 499. 

Ork bodies, measuring of. 1897, i. 353. 

briquettes, Edison's. 1898, i. 359. 

concentration at Pewabic works. 1900, i. 287. 

deposits, formation of. 1893, ii. 302 ; 1897, ii. 266. 

deposits of Mudnorudjansk and Wyssokaju. 1892, i. 271. 

- — deposits of the United States. 1894, i. 414. 

- — deposits, superficial alteration of. 1895, i. 274. 
mining at Pewabic mine. 1900, ii. 418. 

mountain, Styrian. 1894, ii. 276. 

resources of Virginia. 1890, ii. 318. 



GBKERAL IND£X. ' 369 

Ore roaster, Davi8-Ck)lby. 1890, i. 213. 

separator, Wenstrom's magnetic. 1890, i. 212. 

washer, M'Lanahan. 1890, ii. 670. 

washing. 1894, ii. 302. 

Obe-dressing by electricity at the Tilly Foster Mine. 1890, ii. 674. 
OfiEOON blast-furnace, Oswego. 1890, ii. 747. 

coal in. 1898, i. 379. 

coal-mining in. 1890, ii. 693. 

nickel ore in. 1896, ii. 283. 

Origin of the Bessemer process. 1896, i. 470. 

of coal. 1894, ii. 311 ; 1899, i. 308 ; 1900, ii. 430. 

of Gellivara ores. 1898, i. 182. 

of iron ore. 1891, ii. 142 ; 1893, i. 178 ; 1894, i. 422 ; 1900, ii. 416. 

of natural gas. 1891, ii. 192 ; 1893, i. 246. 

of petroleum. 1891, ii. 192 ; 1894, i. 467 ; 1895, ii. 422 ; 1896, ii. 315 ; 

1899, ii. 358 ; 1900, i. 307. 

Orinoco, iron ore from. 1890, i. 199. 

ORIOL, R., books on mining by. 1895, ii. 634 ; 1896, i. 575 ; 1897, ii. 552. 

on Spanish coalfields. 1894, i. 443, ii. 318 ; 1895, ii. 408. 

on Spanish iron-ore mines. 1892, i. 268. 

on Spanish statistics. 1894, ii. 523; 1896, i. 565 ; 1897, i. 614. 

ORLEANS, Prince Henry de, on coal in Tonkin. 1894, ii. 325. 
ORME, Reginald Thomas, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 
Ormerod's safety-catch. 1890, ii. 716. 

ORMSBEE, A. F., on electric power in workshops. 1895, ii. 535. 
ORMSBEE, J. J., on coal-washing. 1896, i. 386. 

on electricity in mining. 1895, i. 354. 

on loading coal. 1896, ii. 344. 

on Sewanee coal seam, Tennessee. 1891, ii. 180. 

on underground haulage. 1897, ii. 347. 

Ornamental ironwork. 1896, i. 481, ii. 392; 1898, i. 478; 1899, ii. 448; 

1900, i. 395. 

Orsat apparatus, modifications of. 1891, ii. 332. 
ORSMAN, W. J., on coal-dust. 1895, i. 366. 

on explosives and blasting. 1892, ii. 404 ; 1897, i. 432, ii. 354 ; 1898, 

i. 412 ; 1899, ii. 376 ; 1900, i. 329. 

ORTH, K., on pig-iron casting appliance. 1900, ii. 496. 

ORTON, E., book on mining by. 1892, i. 535. 

on exhaustion of supply of natural gas. 1890, ii. 705. 

on natural gas in Kansas. 1899, i. 334. 

on natural gas in Ohio. 1890, i. 241 ; 1893, i. 248. 

on Sharon coal of north-east Ohio. 1893, i. 229. 

on Trenton limestone as a source of petroleum. 1890, ii. 703. 

OSANN, B., on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1900, ii. 592. 

on utilisation of iron ores. 1894, i 521. 

OSBORNE, L. A., on photography in ironworks. 1900, i. 377. 

OSBORNE, T. B., on determination of phosphorus in slag. 1892, ii. 525. 

Oscillating hot-saw. 1891, i. 465. 

O'SHEA. L. T., on explosives and blasting. 1898, i. 411 ; 1899, ii. 376. 

on magnetic properties of manganese bteel. 1890, ii. 837. 

on preparation of pure iron. 1897, ii. 487. 

2a 



370 GENERAL INDEX. 

O'SHEA, L. T., on recovery of by-products. 1897, ii. 326. 

OsLER's glassworks. 1895, ii. 327. 

OSMOND, F., book on metallurgy by. 1900, i. 493. 

on allotropic iron. 1898, i. 214. 

on alloys of iron and nickel. 1894, i. 684. 

on aluminium steel. 1890, ii. 198. 

on carbon and iron. 1897, ii. 142. 

on condition of silicon and aluminium in iron. 1891, ii. 319. 

on constitution of steel. 1899, ii. 234. 

on cooling curves. 1895, ii 247. 

on critical points of iron. 1900, L 402. 

Paper on *' Critical points of iron and steel," 1890, i. 88 ; experimental 
method, 39 ; results of experiments, 40 ; electrolytic iron, 41 ; extra mild, 
mild, medium and hard steels, 42 ; white pig iron, 42 ; discussion of 
results, 44 ; selected examples, influence of initial temperature and rate 
of cooling, theory of hardening, 49 ; phenomena observed between 600" 
and 1000° — heating and cooling below 600* — theory of tempering, 53 ; 
influence of foreign elements, 55 ; boron and nickel, 56 ; mang^ese, 57 ; 
copper, 59 ; chromium, 60 ; tungsten, 61 ; silicon, 62 ; arsenic, 64 ; phos- 
phorus, 64 ; sulphur, 65 ; general conclusions, 66 ; bibliogpraphy of subject, 
69.— i>Mcta»um ; T. Wrightson, 72 ; Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 73 ; R. A. 
Hadfield, 74 ; Dr. Gore, 76 ; G. J. Snelus, 78 ; Sir L. Bell, 78. 

on crystalline structure. 1898, i. 190. 

on crystallography of iron. 1900, ii. 540. 

on deformation of metals under pressure. 1891, i. 580. 

on determination of carbon. 1897, i. 268. 

on electrical resistance of iron and steel. 1893, ii. 493. 

on hardening of steel. 1895, ii. 291 ; 1896, i. 209, 493. 

Paper on "Howe's researches on the hardening of steel.'* 1896, i. 180 ; 
nickel steels, 181 ; manganese steels, 183 ; carbon steels, 184 ; conclusion, 
lS5.—IHseu88ion: R. A. Hadfield, 188; J. 0. Arnold, 200; J. E. Stead, 
206 ; T. Wrightson, 207.— Corrftipondence : J. Hopkinson, 208 ; F. Osmond, 
209 ; J. Parry, 211 ; Sir W. C. Roberts-Austen, 215 ; H. D. Hibbard, 218. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 149. 

on influence of temperature on steel. 1899, ii. 458 ; 1900, i. 410. 

on influence of phosphorus on cold -shortness. 1897, i. 245. 

on Le Chatelier pyrometer. 1891, i. 99. 

on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1900, i. 407. 

on metallography. 1893, ii. 488 ; 1894, ii. 441 ; 1897, ii. 252 ; 1898, 

i. 501. 

on micro-metallurgy of iron and steel. 1895, i. 456 ; 1896, i. 491. 

on micro-structure of iron. 1900, i. 397. 

Paper on **The micro-structure of steel," 1891, i. 100. — DiseuMnon: 

Sir W. C. Roberts-Austen, 101 ; Sir J. Kitson, 101. 

on microscopic accessories for metallographers. 1897, i. 54. 

on microscopic examination. 1894, i. 316. 

on missing carbon. 1896, ii. 187. 

on nickel steel tests. 1899, i. 437. 

on physics of steel. 1892, i. 464. 

on relation of carbon to iron at high temperatures. 1897, i. 188. 

on solution theory of iron and steel. 1898, i. 271 ; 1899, i. 237. 

on thermal treatment of iron. 1890, i. 102 ; 1891, i. 117. 

on thermal treatment of steel. 1899, ii. 217. 



GENERAL INDEX. 371 

OSMOND, F., report on the chromium steels of R, A. Hadfield. 1892, a 116. 

OSNABRCCK, iron ore of. 1896, i. 278 ; 1896, i. 301. 

steelworks. 1896, i. 467. 

OSTBERG, Petter, elected member. 1899, i. 4. 

on alloys of iron. 1891, ii. 302. 

OSTENFELD,' A., on steel bridges. 1897, i. 516. 

Ostrau-Karwin coal district. 1890, ii. 862 ; 1894, i. 628, ii. 314 ; 1896; ii. 
608. 

O'SULLIVAN, James, on sulphate of ammonia from blast-furnaces. 1897, 
i. 300. 

OSWALD, R., on ventilation of collieries. 1900, ii. 479. 
OTEHA, N., on coke analysis. 1898, i. 640. 
Ottawa iron ore deposits of. 1890, i. 192. 

visit to. 1890, s. v. 467. 

OTTO, Carl, obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 257. 

on steel manufacture. 1896, i. 440. 

on tests of old boiler plates. 1896, i, 477. 

OTTO, H., on coal in Baden. 1891, i. 282. 

on corrosion of wrought iron and steel. 1896, ii. 431. 

Otto coke-oven. 1893, i. 238. 

Otto-Hoffmann and Hussener coke-ovens. 1896, i. 328 ; 1899, i 330. 

OUELIIASSA.S iron ore mines, Algeria. 1894, ii. 290. 

OUGR^E steelworks, pig iron from the. 1897, ii. 396. 

Outbursts of soft coal and gas. 1893, i. 271. 

OUTERBRIDGE, A. E., on advance in foundry methods. 1896, i. 407. 

on American industries. 1897, i. 620. 

on cast iron. 1898, i. 610. 

on electric foundry cranes. 1896, ii. 363. 

on iron ore in Newfoundland. 1897, ii. 272. 

on manganese. 1898, i. 525. 

on mobility of molecules of cast iron. 1896, i. 602. 

on preparation of moulding sand. 1896, i. 427. 

on testing. 1898, i. 513. 

OUTREY, G., on iron ore in Portugal. 1900, i. 270. 

Ov^AL passes, determining dimensions of. 1896, ii. 494. 

OVEREND, J., on Mexican coalfields. 1894, i. 451. 

OVBRWINDTNO, prevention of. 1890, i. 251 ; 1891, i. 267 ; 1892, ii. 394 ; 1898, 

i. 253, il 390 ; 1896, ii. 324 ; 1898, ii. 431. 
OWEN, J. S., on manufacture of steel castings. 1894, i. 560. 
OWEN, Thomas, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 
OWENS, W. G., on meteorites. 1893, i. 197. 
Owens College. 1899, ii. 252. 
Oxfordshire, iron ore in. 1899, ii. 308. 
Oxidation, colour, of surface of metals. 1890, i. 361. 
Oxide, determination of. 1897, i 574. 
Oxides in iron and steel. 1897, i. 564. 
Oxygen, determination of. 1899, ii. 493. 

in ingot metal. 1896, ii. 680. 

in malleable iron. 1893, i. 392. 

in steel. 1899, i. 450. 

Ozokerite. 1896, i. 338. 



372 GENERAL INDEX. 

Ozokerite in Austria, production of. 1899, ii. 500. 

in Galicia. 1891, i. 311 ; 1900, i. 316, ii. 467. 

in Hungary. 1890, ii. 705. 

in Moldavia. 1898, i. 398. 

mines, electric transmission of power in. 1898, i. 399. 



P. 

PACKARD, R. L., on bauxite in United States. 1893, ii. 333. 
PACKER, G. S., on colour gauges. 1894, ii. 171. 

on determination of chromium. 1895, ii. 168. 

on production of pure iron and steel. 1892, i. 98. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1896, i. 127. 

PADLBY, C. S., on chemistry of open-hearth furnace. 1896, i. 443. 

PAEPE, D. DB, on calorific value of coal. 1899, i. 306. 

PAGE, C. H., elected member. 1896, L 3. 

PAGE, W. N., on origin of anthracite in Pennsylvania. 1898, ii. 355. 

PAGLIANI, S., on Italian petroleum. 1894, ii. 341. 

Paints, iron oxide. 1897, i. 564. 

Pal«ontoloqy of coal. 1897, ii. 321. 

Palatinate, iron ore in. 1890, i. 191. 

PALGEN, C, book on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 487. 

on basic Bessemer process. 1893, 1. 336. 

Palladium steel. 1900, i. 430. 

PALLAUSCH, A., on graphite district of South Bohemia. 1890, ii. 740. 

PALLlt A., on herculite. 1892, ii. 402. 

PALMBERG, K. A., on improvements in preparation of peat. 1893, ii. 361. 

on peat-pressing works. 1898, ii. 456. 

PALMER, A. N., on history of iron. 1900, i. 369. 
PALMER, H., on electric pumping plants. 1892, i. 367. 

on microscopic examination of coal-dust. 1890, i. 265. 

on screening and cleaning coal. 1895, ii. 452. 

PALMER, R. H., on graphite. 1900, i. 291. 

on moulding. 1899, i. 391. 

PALMROS, A., on electric transmission of power. 1898, ii. 433. 

PAMELY, C, books on mining by. 1891, i. 484 ; 1893, ii. 563 ; 1896, i. 575 ; 

1898, ii. 601. 
Pamirs, iron -smelting in the. 1898, ii. 486. 
PANIOWSKI, A., book on mining by. 1899, ii. 532. 
PANTJUCOFF, N. S., on chemistry of petroleum. 1900, ii. 452. 

on petroleum in Russia. 1900, ii. 456. 

PARDEE, F., on coal-screening and washing. 1900, i. 343. 

on extinction of fire in mines. 1899, ii. 383. 

PARENT, L., on screening coal. 1897, ii. 367. 
Pabis Exhibition. 1900, ii. 598. 

iron and steel at. 1890, ii. 816. 

mining machinery at. 1890, ii. 712. 

visit to. 1900, ii. 356. 

Pabis meeting, reference of Council to. 1890, i. 5. 
PARK, J., on coal in New Zealand. 1900, i. 299. 



GENERAL INDEX. 373 

Park Brothers' works. 1890, s. v. 276, 292. 

Park haematite mines 1892, ii. 332. 

PARKER, A., elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

PARKER, B., on coal-cutting machinery. 1899, ii. 374. 

PARKER, E. W., on by-product ovens. 1899, ii. 354. 

on coal-cutting machinery. 1897, ii. 364 ; 1899, i. 345, ii. 374 ; 1900, 

ii. 471. 

on coal and coke statistics of the United States. 1896, i. 543, ii. 626 ; 



1897, i. 616, ii. 643 ; 1898, i. 679, ii. 694 ; 1899. i. 602, ii. 524. 
on Pennsylvanian collieries. 1898, i. 427. 



PARKER, R. A., on diamond boring. 1895, i. 296. 

on electric haulage in iron mines. 1895, i. 299. 

on iron manufacture at Marquette. 1891, i. 480. 

on iron ore in Canada. 1893, i. 183. 

on Mesabi Range. 1895, i. 294. 

on shaft-sinking at the Ludington mine. 1895, i. 296. 

PARKER, W., on coal-cutting. 1898, ii. 435. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1894, i. 602. 

Pabkeb, Thomas, Jiimited. 1895, ii. 321. 

PARKES, Hbnry Pebsehouse, obituary notice of. 1900, i. 255. 

PARKES, J., on casting plate slabs. 1892, i. 444. 

Parkoate steelworks. 1890, ii. 786. 

PARKHURST, E. G., on making rifle barrels. 1900, i. 394. 

PARKINSON, John, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

PARKYN, Daniel Adamson, elected member. 1895, il 7. 

PARNABY, Christopher, elected member. 189i, i. 3. 

PARNELL. C. S., on iron ores in Wicklow. 1891, i. 251. 

PARR, S. W., on iron determination. 1897, i. 575. 

PARR, W. M., book on mining by. 1898, i. 451. 

PARRY, J., on aluminium in ferro-carbon alloys. 1894, ii. 120. 

on analysis of iron and steel. 1893, i. 403. 

on carbon in iron. 1893. ii. 74. 

on carburisation of iron. 1892, ii. 606. 

on composition of pig iron. 1893, ii. 440. 

on crystalline structure. 1898, i. 190. 

— on hardening of steel. 1896, i. 211. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 2.32. 

on influence of phosphorus on cold-shurtness. 1897, i, 242. 

on iron alloys. 1893, ii. 51(5 ; 1896, i. 281. 

on metallography. 1898, ii. 527. 

on physical analysis of steel. 1899, ii. 451. 

on practice in chemistry of iron. 1894, ii. 460 ; 1895, ii. 580. 

on solution theory. 1898, i. 272. 

on spectrum of iron and the periodic law. 1892, i. 484. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1894, i. 600 ; 1896, i. 129. 

on ternary alloys. 1895, i. 253. 

on thermo-chemistry. 1895, ii. 126. 

PARSHALL, H. F., on electric generators. 1898, i. 607. 

on magnetic properties of iron. 1896, ii. 398. 

on use of steel in electric machines. 1894, i. 576. 

PARSONS, P. M., obituary notice of. 1892, ii. 295. 



374 GENERAL INDEX. 

PARTHIEL, A., on volumetric determination of iron. 1890, i. 374. 
PAS DE Calais, coalfield. 1895, i. 317 ; 1900, i. 296. 

coke-ovens in. 1891, ii. 190. 

PASQUET, H., on working coal. 1898, ii. 440. 

PASQUIER, P., on manafactnre of tin plates. 1899, i. 417, ii. 450. 

Pass-by in a winding shaft. 1895, ii. 432. 

Passage of carbon into iron during cementation. 1898, i. 525. 

Passaic RoUing-Mill Company's works. 1890, s. v. 407. 

Zinc Company's works. 1890, s. v. 407. 

Passive state of iron and steel. 1890, ii. 848 ; 1891, 1. 426 ; 1892, ii. 482. 
PASSON, M., on analysis of basic slag. 1896, i. 539, ii. 455 ; 1897, ii. 511. 

on phosphoric acid. 1897, i. 577. 

PASTOR, G., vote of thanks by. 1894, ii. 210. 
Patent fuel, press for. 1891, ii. 184. 
PATRICE, F., on casting sand. 1892. ii. 445. 
Pattebn shop. 1896, ii. 364. 

shop costs. 1896, ii. 365. 

Pattern-making. 1896, i. 427 ; 1899, ii. 416. 

PATTERSON, Dr., on history of coal-mining in Pictou district. 1894, i. 607. 

PATTERSON, J. G., on lighting of collieries. 1900, ii 480. 

PATTERSON, P. C, elected member. 1900, i. 3. 

PATTINSON, Hugh Salvin, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 

on determination of manganese. 1892, ii. 522 ; 1900, ii. 583. 

on determination of phosphorus and arsenic. 1893, i. 419. 

PATTINSON, J., on determination of chromium. 1895, ii. 158. 

on determination of manganese. 1892, ii. 522 ; 1900, ii. 583. 

on determination of phosphorus and arsenic. 1893, i. 419. 

on manganese ores in Brazil. 1900, i. 215. 

on permeability of steel-melting crucibles. 1897, i. 86. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1896, i. 131. 

PAUL, Dr., on explosives and blasting. 1899, ii. 376. 
PAUL, F. W., appointed scrutineer. 1898, i. 1. 

on charging open-hearth furnaces by machinery. 1897, i. 107. 

on chemical phenomena in the manufacture of steel. 1890, i. 144. 

on Mond gas in the manufacture of steeL 1896, i. 161. 

on nickel steel. 1895, ii. 188. 

on open-hearth steel. 1894, ii. 150 ; 1898, L 488. 

on output of plate-mills. 1898, ii. 489. 

on pickling wire. 1898, i. 515. 

on production of pure iron and steel. 1892, i. 96. 

on recovery of by-products. 1898, i. 445. 

on thermal and mechanical treatment of steel. 1899, ii. 211. 

on " Weardale " furnace. 1897, i. 74. 

PAUL, J. W., on arsenic in steel. 1895, i. 122. 
on fire-damp explosions. 1900, ii. 479. 

on history of coal-miuing. 1899, i. 362. 

on West Virginia coal. 1896, i. 342. 

PAULEWSKI, B., on solution theory of iron and steel. 1899, i. 455. 
PAULOVITCH, M., on utilisation of blast-furnace slag. 1891, ii. 248. 
PAWECK, H., on metallurgical analysis. 1899, ii. 480. 
PATNE, C. Q., on magnetic separation. 1894, i. 428. 



GENERAL INDEX. 375 

PAYNE, G., on ironworks in Kent. 1895, ii. 477. 

PAYNE, H. L., on determination of sulphur. 1893, i. 409. 

Pazzai^o iron ore deposits. 1899, iL 311. 

PEACE, G., on shaft-sinking. 1900, i. 321, ii 463. 

PEACE, Maskell W., obituary notice of. 1892. ii. 293. 

PEACOCK, F. T., on ventilation of collieries. 1900, ii. 479. 

PBARCE, G. O., on gold in coal. 1895, i. 326. 

PEARCB. W., on coal in Canada. 1896. iu 301. 

Peabn, Frank, & Company, Limited. 1899, ii. 287. 

PEARSE, James Alfred, elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

PEARSE, W. J., on iron manufacture in Luxemburg. 1895, i. 398. 

PEARSON, Edwin Maidstone, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

PEARSON, George Frederick, elected member. 1900, i. 3. 

PEARSON, Henry William, elected member. 1900, i. 3. 

PEARSON, Louis Gairdner, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

PEARSON, R. T., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

PEARSON, W. A., on wheel-forging machine. 1894, i. 663. 

PEARY, R. E., on meteorites. 1897, ii. 280 ; 1898, ii. 367 ; 1900, i. 281. 

PEASE, A., obituary notice of. 1898, ii. 330. 

PEASE, F. N., on determination of carbon. 1894, i. 609. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1893, ii. 528 ; 1894, ii. 491. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1894, i. 603. 

PEASE, Henry Fell, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 312. 

PEASE, Herbert Pike, elected member. 1896, ii. 4. 

PEASE, Sir Joseph, votes of thanks by. 1892, i. 8 ; 1899, i. 238. 

PEASE, R., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

Peat. 1892, ii. 369 ; 1900, ii. 443. 

ash. 1893, i. 234. 

briquettes. 1899, ii. 397. 

carbonisation of. 1894, ii. 340. 

charcoal. 1893, i. 235 ; 1898, ii. 409 ; 1899, i 322, ii. 352. 

charcoal oven. 1891, ii. 187. 

' — deposits of Eden Lake, Austria. 1890, ii 695. 

deposits of Northern Sweden. 1898, ii. 349. 

fuel, manufacture of. 1893, ii 361 ; 1900, ii. 487. 

gas from. 1894, i. 477. 

in Hungary. 1897, i. 377. 

utilisation of. 1894, i. 454 ; 1898, i. 447 ; 1899, i. 377. 

value of, as fuel. 1898, i. 233. 

Peat-coke. 1898, i 389. 

Peat-pressing works. 1898, ii. 456. 

PECHIN, E. C, on blast-furnaces in Virginia. 1892, i. 401. 

on brown iron ore of the Southern United States. 1891, ii. 145. 

on chilled iron castings. 1897, ii 412. 

on early blast-furnaces in America. 1892, i 393. 

on early days of iron manufacture. 1895, i. 418. 

Paper on " The iron development and ore resources of Virginia," 1890, 
ii 318 ; early charcoal furnaces, 318 ; geological conditions of ores, 319 ; 
the Oriskany brown ore, 320 ; analysis of furnace samples, 323 ; Clinton 
ore, 324 ; Big Stone Gap ore, 325 ; the valley of Virginia, 327 ; the Blue 
Ridge ores, 329 ; the Cripple Creek region, 330 ; ore washing, 331 ; the 



376 GENERAL INDEX. 

PECHTN, E. C. {continued)- - 

Gossan ore fields, 833 ; limestones and dolomites, 336 ; Flat Top coal and 
coke, 33C ; analysis of coal and coke, 337 ; distance to furnaces, 338 ; 
character of Virginia mineral field, 339. 

on iron manufacture in Alabdma. 1894, ii. 390. 

on iron ore in Virginia. 1890, ii. 661 ; 1892. i. 280, il 318 ; 1896, i. 

308. 

on mechanical coke drawer. 1893, ii. 369. 



PECKHAM, H. E., on analysis of bitumen. 1897, ii. 511 ; 1900, i. 442. 
PECKHAM, S. F., on analysis of bitumen. 1897, ii. 511 ; 1900, i. 442. 

on asphalt. 1896, i. 363 ; 1900, i. 317. 

on chemistry of petroleum. 1900, ii. 45H. 

on nitrogen contents of Galifomian bitumen. 1894, ii 343. 

on petroleum in California. 1898, ii. 421 . 

on Trinidad pitch. 1895, ii. 426 ; 1897, i. 403. 

Peculiar efflorescence upon pig iron. 1900, i. 357. 

forms of iron. 1897, ii. 491. 

PEDRICK, H. A., on use of compressed air in the foundry. 1895, ii. 485. 

PEEL, A., on West Virginian coal mines. 1894, i. 450. 

PEEL, R., book on mining by. 1893, ii. 563. 

Peel Park, Salford, Royal Museum and Libraries. 1899, ii. 249. 

PEELE, R., on preliminary hoisting plant for mines. 1897, ii. 287. 

on underground haulage. 1899, i. 341 ; 1900, i. 326. 

on winding ropes. 1900, i. 324. 

PEGGE, Ernest Lionel, elected member. 1898, i. 3. 
PEHRSON, Erland Victor, elected member. 1900, i. 3. 
PEILE, W., on bauxite. 1894, ii. 303. 

on iron ore mining in Antrim. 1894, ii. 275. 

on Transvaal coalfields. 1899, i. 313. 

PETRCE, B. 0., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1899, i. 421. 
PBLATAN, L.. on coalfields of New Caledonia. 1892, ii. 36S. 
PELLATI, N., on magnetic concentration. 1900, ii. 422. 
PELLET, on determination of sulphur. 1900, ii. 586. 
PELLTSSIER, E., on new explosives. 1892, i. 356. 
Pelton motors. 1896, ii. 288. 

water-wheel. 1898, i. 406. 

PELZER, F., on mine ventilation. 1895, i. 363. 

PEMBERTON, H., on analysis of ohromite in California. 1891, ii. 164. 

on determination of phosphoric anhydride. 1894, i. 618. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1894, i. 611. 

Penarth dock. 1897, ii. 236. 

PENFIELD, S. L., on natural ferric sulphates from Chili. 1891, i. 259. 

on supposed new sulphides of iron and nickel. 1893, ii. 323. 

PENHALE, M., on chrome iron ore. 1896, ii. 282. 

on chrome iron ore in Canada. 1897, ii. 303. 

PENHALLOW, D. P., on cannel coal of British Columbia. 1893, i. 225. 
PENKERT, W., on magnetic properties of iron. 1895, ii. 546. 
PENNOCK, J. D., on by-product ovens. 1899, ii. 353. 

on by-products of coke-ovens. 1900, i. 306. 

on coke-making. 1893, ii. 368. 

on fire-brick. 1896, ii. 292. 



GENKKAL INDEX. 377 

Pennsylvai^ia anthracite beds, folds and faults in. 1895, ii. 414. 

anthracite in. 1891, i. 474 ; 1893, ii. 399. 

coal in. 1892, ii. 364 ; 1898, i. 230, ii. 355 ; 1896, ii. 303 ; 1898, ii. 401. 

443 ; 1899, ii. 349 ; 1900, i. 299, ii. 441. 

collieries in. 1898, i. 427. 

early iron manufacture in. 1893, ii. 451. 

iron trade of. 1891, ii. 362. 

mine water. 1898, i. 421. 

petroleum in. 1890, I 404 ; 1896, i. 336 ; 1897, il 334. 

Pottstown Iron Company. 1891, ii. 279. 

railroad receipts, expenses, and profits. 1890, s. v. 58. 

Steel Company's works. 1890, s. v. 45H. 



PENROSE, R. A. F., book on mining by. 1892. i. 535. 

on alteration of ore deposits. 1895, i. 274. 

on limonite in Texas. 1892, ii. 318. 

on manganese ore in Arkansas. 1891, ii. 152. 

Percussion, detonation of high explosives by. 1892, ii. 404. 

drills, electric. 1892, i. 292. 

PERCY, C. M., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 552. 

on ventilating appliances. 1894, ii. 367. 

PERCY, John, work done by. 1899, i. 36. 
PERCY, R. K., on mine surveying. 1897. i. 434. 
PERCY, T. M., appointed scrutineer. 1899, ii. 5. 

on desulphurisation. 1893, i, 103. 

PEKILLON, F., on determination of nickel. 1898, ii. 662. 

on microstructure of iron. 1899, i. 421. 

Periodic law, spectrum of iron and. 1892, i. 484. 
PERKIN, H., book on mining by. 1897, ii. 552. 
Perkiomen Creek, anthracite coal near. 1894, ii. 329. 
PERL. G., on German steelworks. 1895, ii. 517. 
Permanent magnetism of nickel and steel. 1893, ii. 494. 

way. 1898, i. 94. 

way, rusting of, in tunnels. 1890, i. 366. 

Permeability, magnetic, of soft steels. 1890, i. 353. 

of steel-making crucibles. 1897, i. 77. 

PERNOLET, Arthur, elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

PERRAULT, A., on determination of chromium. 1893, i. 413. 

PERR1NE, F. A. C, on electric welding. 1891, ii. 287. 

PERRODIL, C. DE, book on metallurgy by. 1897. i. 628. 

PERRON, C. on mineral fuels of Italy. i894, ii. 317. 

PERROT, W., on hotblast valves. 1896, ii. 206. 

PERROY, P., on winding appliances. 1899, i. 337 ; 1900, i. 324. 

PERRY, John Edwin, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 

PERRY, N. W., on electric welding of tramway rails. 1894, ii. 428. 

on utilising culms. 1897, i. 406. 

Persbero iron ore mines. 1898, ii. 318. 

Persia, coal in. 1894. i. 452 ; 1895, i. 323 ; 1898, ii. 405 ; 1900, i. .302. 

iron ore in. 1894, i. 421 ; 1898, ii. 361 ; 1900, i. 278. 

mineral resources of. 1900, i. 471. 

petroleum in. 1894, i. 470 ; 1898, ii. 422 ; 1900, i. 314. 

Persistency of Swedish iron ore deposits. 1899, ii. 315. 



378 GENERAL INDEX. 

Peru, anthracite in. 1898, ii. 404. 

asphalt in. 1891, ii. 195 ; 1898, i. 245. 

coal in. 1892. ii. 368 ; 1898, i. 231 ; 1899, i. 816. 

coal, vanadium in. 1895, ii. 416. 

petroleum in. 1890, ii. 704 ; 1891, ii. 195 ; 1892, ii. 383. 

PESCHL, A. J., book on metallurgy by. 1898, il 600. 

PETEGHEM, VAN, on testing cast iron for locomotive cylinders. 1898, 
ii. 508. 

PETERMANN, on peat charcoal. 1899, ii. 352. 

PETERS, E. M., on beehive ovens. 1900, i. 304. 

PETERS, J. D., on coal-mining in Jackson county. 1894:, ii. 374. 

PETERS, Samuel, on Bessemer and puddling process. 1899, ii 443. 

on history of iron. 1899, ii. 418. 

PETERSON, H., on chrome steel. 1897, i. 498. 

on chromium determination. 1897, i. 671. 

PETERSSON, W., on iron ore deposits. 1899, il 307 ; 1900, ii. 406. 

on Rontivare iron ore deposit. 1894, L 410. 

on sampling iron ore. 1894, ii. 300 ; 1895, ii 391. 

Peterswald, cannel coal of. 1897, ii. 310. 
PETIT, a, book on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 367. 
PETIT, L., on shaft-sinking. 1900, i. 322. 
PETIT. P., on action of salt on iron. 1897, i. 563. 

on fire-damp. 1895, L 372, ii. 446 ; 1896, L 880. 

on fire-damp explosions. 1900, i. 337. 

on g^phite in cast iron. 1890, ii. 849. 

on mine drainage. 1899, ii. 381. 

on prevention of ice in shafts. 1897, ii. 342. 

on sinking through quicksand. 1894, ii. 348. 

on ventilation of collieries. 1900, i. 334, ii. 478. 

on winding appliances. 1899, ii. 370. 

Petition for Royal Charter of Incorporation. 1899, i. 11. 
PETITJEAN. G., book on metallurgy by. 1892, i. 534. 
PETLEY, William, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 
PETRLIK, C, on shaft sinking. 1898, i 403. 
PETROFF, I., on coal in Alaska. 1891, i. 295. 

Petroleum. 1894, i. 467 ; 1896. ii. 315, 482 ; 1897, ii. 329 ; 1898, i. 395, ii. 
4iy ; 1900, ii. 449. 

acids in, from Baku. 1892, i. 339. 

and natural gas fields of Pittsburgh. 1890, s. v. 423. 

and natural gas in Italy. 1892, i. 338. 

as fuel. 1892, u. 377. 

chemistry of. 1900, ii. 462. 

combustion of. 1897, i. 404. 

composition of. 1890, i. 236 ; 1892, ii. 380. 

crude American. 1891, ii. 193. 

Egyptian. 1890, ii. 702. 

engines in mines. 1890, ii. 723 ; 1891, i. 330. 

flashing-point of. 1896, i. 353 ; 1899, ii. 362. 

formation of. 1891, i. 305 ; 1898, i. 241. 

from Tscheleken Island. 1896, i. 357. 

genesis of. 1896, i. 353. 



GENERAL INDEX. 



379 



I 



Pbtbolbum, geology of. 1900, ii. 453. 

in Alsace. 1891, i. 309 ; 1898, ii. 375 ; 1896, i. 333, ii. 423 ; 1896, 

i. 355. 

in the Argentine Republic. 1890, i. 238 ; 1892, ii. 382. 

in Assam. 1892, i. 341 ; 1896, ii. 425. 

in Austria. 1890, i. 382 ; 1892, ii. 532 ; 1899, il 500. 

in Auvergne. 1895, i. 333. 

in Brunswick. 1896, i. 334. 

in Burma. 1894, ii. 342. 

in California. 1898, i. 244 ; 1895, i. 336 ; 1899, ii. 361. 

in Canada. 1891, i. 455 ; 1893, i. 244 ; 1899, ii. 361. 

in the Caucasus. 1896, i 357. 

in Colorado. 1899, ii. 361. 

n Cuba. 1894, ii. 343. 

n Eastern Europe. 1892, ii. 381. 

n Ecuador. 1892, ii. 383. 

n France. 1898, i. 242. 

n Galicia. 1892, i. 337 ; 1893, ii. 373 ; 1894, ii. 505 ; 1898, i. 546. 

n Hanover. 1891, ii. 194. 

n Hungary. 1896, ii. 424. 

n India. 1890, ii. 702 ; 1896, i. 335. 

n Italy. 1893, ii. 375 ; 1894, ii. 341. 

n Japan. 1891, i. 309 ; 1898, i. 564. 

n Java. 1893, ii. 377. 

n New Zealand. 1890, ii. 701. 

n North Alabama. 1892, i. 339. 

n North America. 1896, i. 335. 

n Ohio. 1896, ii. 316. 

n Pennsylvania. 1890, i. 404; 1892, i. 340 ; 1896, i. 336. 

in Peru. 1890, ii. 704 ; 1891, ii. 195 ; 1892, i. 341, ii. 383 ; 1896, i. 336. 

n Roumania. 1890, i. 237 ; 1892, i. 517 ; 1899, ii. 360. 

.n Russia. 1891, i. 308; 1892, i. 519; 1893, i. 243; 1894, ii. 342, 
523 ; 1896, i. 334 ; 1896. i. 356, :>64 ; 1897, i. 610 ; 1898, i. 391, 570 ; 1899, 
ii, 359 ; 1900, ii. 615. 

— in Saghalien. 1893, ii. 376. 

— in Servia. 1890, i. 237. 

— in Somersetshire. 1894, i. 468. 

— in Sumatra. 1892, ii. 384 ; 1893, i. 246. ii. 377. 

— in the Timan district. 1890, ii. 7l>2. 

— in the Transvaal. 1891, ii. 196. 

— in Trenton limestone. 1890, ii. 703 ; 1894, ii. 343. 
in United States. 1890, s. v. 131 ; 1892, ii. 381 ; 1893, i. 244; 1894, 



i. 646. 

— industry. 1893, ii. 372 ; 1900, i. 308. 

— industry of the Caucasus. 1898, i. 434. 

— industry of the Ter district. 1896, i. 359. 

— industry of United States. 1894, ii. 342 ; 1898, iL 595. 

— motor for underground pumping. 1891, ii. 217. 

— motors. 1899, ii. 362. 

— of the Credo. 1896, i. 356. 

— of San Rafael. 1898, ii. 377. 



380 GENERAL INDEX. 

Petroleum, origin of. 1891, ii. 192 ; 1892, i. 337 ; 1895, ii. 422 ; 1897, i 
393 ; 1898, ii. 424 ; 1899, i. 331, ii. 358 ; 1900, i. 307. 

production of. 1892, i. 505 ; 1894, ii. 532 ; 1897, ii. 542. 

shale, Australian. 1890, ii. 701. 

sources of. 1891, i. 306 ; 1898, i. 390. 

storage of. 1891, i. 311. 

sulphur in. 1896, i. 354. 

transport of. 1894, ii. 341. 

treatment of. 1893, ii. 873 ; 1897, i. 393. 

use of. 1897, i. 393, 492. 

vapour burners. 1898, ii. 424. 

wells, cost of boring. 1891, i. 311. 

world's consumption of. 1894, i. 648. 

world's production of. 1894, ii. 535 ; 1900, i, 487, ii. 626. 

world's supply of. 1893, 1 241. 

Petrzkowitz collieries. 1897, ii. 313. 

PETTERSSON, 0., on determination of carbon. 1890, ii. 852 ; 1893, ii 527. 

PETTIT, Arthur E., elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

Pewabik mine, ore-mining at. 1900, ii. 419. 

PEYTON, J. L., on iron-ore mines of Virginia. 1892, i. 280. 

PFANKUCH, C, on transmission of power. 1896, i. 372 ; 1899, ii. 330. 

Philadelphia, natural gas at. 1894, ii. 344. 

visit to. 1890, s. v. 410 ; 1890, ii. 649. 

PHILIP, A., on colour gauges. 1894, ii. 171. 

PHILIP, Hon. Robert, on coal in Queensland. 1900, ii. 590. 

Philippines, coal in the. 1891. ii. 177 ; 1898, ii. 405. 

iron ore in the. 1899, i. 289. 

PHILIPS, W. G., on underground rope-haulage. 1892, ii. 395. 
PHILLIPS, D., on corrosion of steel and iron by salt water. 1891, i. 427. 

PHILLIPS, F. C, on composition of natural gas. 1894, ii. 344 ; 1899, L 
834. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1894, i. 612. 

on determination of sulphur. 1896, ii. 443. 

on quantitative analysis of natural gas. 1894, ii. 344. 

PHILLIPS, H. J., books on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 891 ; 1891, ii. 367 ; 1892, 
i. 535 ; 1894, i. 649. 

on experiments with carbonic acid bottles. 1895, ii. 563. 

PHILLIPS, J. A., book on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 367. 

book on mining by. 1897, i. 629. 

PHILLIPS, John Bbaven, elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

PHILLIPS, P., book on metallurgy by. 1894, i. 649. 

PHILLIPS, W. B., books on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 487 ; 1899, i. 507. 

on Alabama coke. 1893, i. 237. 

on American foundry pig iron. 1898, i. 457. 

on analysis of bauxite. 1898, ii. 56*2. 

on blast-furnaces in Alabama. 1897, ii. 390. 

on by-product coke-ovens. 1898, ii. 417. 

on calcining iron ore. 1897, i. 356. 

on Campbell coal- washer. 1893, i. 287. 

on chemist and the blast-furnace. 1895, ii. 481. 

on coal at the Omaha Exhibition. 1898. ii. 400. 



GENERAL INDEX. 381 

PHILLIPS, W. B., on coal in Alabama. 18»9, i. 314. 

on coal- washing in Alabama. 1898, i. 429. 

on coking in beehive ovens. 1898, i. 387. 

on foundry mixtures. 1897, i 486. 

on freeing furnace gases from dust. 1896, i. 389. 

on grading pig iron. 1897. i. 480 ; 1899, i. 382. 

on iron ore in Alabama. 1894, i. 414 ; 1897, 1. 340. 

on iron ores of Kentucky. 1892, i. 278. 

on ironmaking. 1897, i. 475. 

on magnetisation of iron ores. 1893, ii. 331 ; 1895, ii. 374. 

on mining brown iron ore deposits in Alabama. 1898, ii 375. 

on phosphorus in iron ore. 1892, i. 282. 

on pig iron in the Southern United States. 1897, ii. 394. 

on value of materials in iron manufacture. 1896, i. 419. 

on Wetherill method of magnetic separation. 1896, ii. 291. 

PHINNEY, A. J., on natural gas-field of Indiana. 1898, ii. 380. 
Phcbnix roll-works, Pittsburgh. 1896, iL 365. 

works, Phcenixville. 1890, s. v. 272, 284. 

Phosphate works at Luleft. 1898, ii. 286. 

Phosphoric acid, determination of. 1890, ii. 856 ; 1891, ii. 331 ; 1892, i. 493 ; 
1894, ii. 498 ; 1897, i. .576. 

acid, determination of iron in presence of. 1892, L 493. 

acid in slag, determination of. 1890, i. 375 ; 1897, ii. 510 ; 1899, ii. 

491. 

chalk in the blast-furnace. 1900, ii. 505. 

iron ores in Sweden. 1891, i. 253. 

iron ores, treatment of. 1898, i. 361. 



Phosphorus and iron. 1900, ii. 60. 

determination of. 1890, i. 369, ii. 851 ; 1891, i. 434, ii. 324 ; 1892, i. 

486, ii. 513 ; 1893, i. 404, 419. ii. 528, 538 ; 1894, i. 610, ii. 489; 1895. i. 
504, ii. 590 ; 1896. I 532, ii. 441, 454 ; 1897, i. 568, ii. 499, 509 ; 1898, i. 534, 
ii. 556, 559 ; 1900, i. 433, 436, 441, ii. 575. 

effect of. 1890, ii. 829 ; 1898, i. 511. 

elimination of arsenic in the determination of. 1891, i. 436. 

in the blast-furnace. 1893, i. 307. 

in cast iron. 1890, i. 291 ; 1898, ii. 205. 

in coal, determination of. 1894, ii. 500. 

in crucible steels. 1896, ii. 374. 

in Hudson River carbonates. 1890, i. 197. 

in iron ore. 1892, i. 281 ; 1900, i. 2G6. 

influence on critical points of iron and steel. 1890, i. 64. 

influence on cold-shortness. 1897, i. 224. 



- reduction of. 1894, ii. 382. 



Photography in coal mines. 1894, i. 506 ; 1896, i. 368. 

in foundry practice. 1894, ii. 398. 

in ironworks. 1900, i. 377. 

Photometric value of illuminants in mines. 1896, i. 379. 

Physical properties. 1890, i. 354, ii. 828 ; 1891, i. 418, ii. 187, 299 ; 1892, i. 
463, ii. 481 ; 1898, i. 363, ii.448 ; 1894, i. 570, ii. 441 ; 1895, i. 456, ii. 542 ; 
1896. i. 486, ii. 395 ; 1897, i. 522, ii. 451 ; 1898, i. 501, ii. 627 ; 1899, i. 420, 
it 451 ; 1900, i. 396, ii. 540. 

PiAT crucible furnace. 1890, i. 302. 



382 GENERAL INDEX. 

PICCININI, A., on natural gas. 1894, i. 472. 

PiCKANDS, Mather, & Co., on Vermilion iron range. 1898, i. 190. 

PICKERING, Robert Young, elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 

Pickling and rusting, effect of, on strength of iron. 1891, i. 428. 

PICTET, R., on magnetic properties of iron. 1896, ii. 649. 

PiCTOU coalfield. 1891, i. 285. 

PIDGEON, Daniel, obituary notice of. 1900, ii. 391. 

PIEDBGEUF, GuSTAV, obituary notice of. 1897, ii 267. 

PiBLER Spirit lamp as a fire-damp indicator. 1890, i. 267. 

PIERCE, A. W. K., on mine pumps. 1899, i. 351. 

PIERCE, E. H., on foundry appliances. 1900, ii. 509. 

PIERCY, H. J. T., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

PIERRONNE, M., on dimensions of a blast-furnace. 1897, ii. 380. 

PiETZKA heating furnaces. 1899, i. 409. 

puddling furnace. 1892, i. 413. 

PIETZSCH, F., book on metallurgy by. 1896, ii. 487. 
PIEZ, C, on preparation of anthracite. 1898, ii. 455. 
PiG-BREAKERS. 1897, i. 46S ; 1898, i. 448 ; 1900, ii. 495. 
PlO iron. 1894, i. 521 ; 1895, ii. 457 ; 1897, ii. 375 ; 1898. ii. 458. 

action of hydrochloric acid on. 1891, i. 428. 

analyses of. 1890, ii. 758; 1891, i. 361,364; 1893, i. 310; 1895, i. 

404. 

anthracite, cost of production of. 1892, ii. 433. 

at Florence, Alabama, cost of making. 1890, i. 288. 

basic, manufacture. 1890, i. 283, 291. 

breaking. 1894, ii. 388. 

calcium and magnesium in. 1892, ii. 438. 

casting. 1896, il 354. 

casting appliance. 1900, ii. 496. 

chemical composition of. 1890, i. 291, ii. 758; 1891, i. 361, ii. 246; 

1892, i. 403, ii. 434 ; 1893, i. 309, ii. 440 ; 1894, i. 529, ii. 392 ; 1896, i. 
401, ii. 478; 1896, i. 419, ii. 355; 1897, i. 475, ii. 395; 1898, i. 456, ii. 
474 ; 1899, i. 383 ; ii. 409 ; 1900, i. 357, ii. 604. 

control of silicon in. 1892, i. 403, ii. 434. 

cost of, in North Carolina. 1890, i. 288. 

cost of, in United States and England. 1890, s. v. 26. 

cost of production of. 1890, ii. 755. 

desiccation of the blast in manufacture of. 1891, i. 360. 

distribution of carbon in. 1895, i. 492. 

effect of re melting. 1900, ii. 504. 

elimination of sulphur from. 1891, ii. 248. 

for use in forges. 1891, i. 376. 

foundry. 1898, i. 469. 

foundry, made from Swedish iron ores. 1890, i. 293. 

fractures and their value in foundry practice. 1899, ii. 160. 

from Lombardy. 1900, i. 357. 

from Longwy steelworks. 1897, ii. 398. 

from Ougrde steelworks. 1897, ii. 396. 

from pyritic ores. 1898, ii. 474. 

grading of. 1892, i. 405, ii. 435 ; 1893, i. 315 ; 1894, ii. 396 ; 1897, 

i. 479. 
industry, influence of situation upon. 1892, ii. 432. 



GENERAL INDEX. 383 

Pio iron, irregular distribation of silicon in. 1892, 1. 404. 

low in phosphoros, manufacture of. 189^ L 399. 

made from titaniferous ores. 1900, i. 357. 

manganese and sulphur in. 1892, i 404. 

manufacture of. 1890, s. v. 162. 

mixers. 1896, i. 454. 

occurrence of vanadium in. 1900, ii. 605. 

peculiar efflorescence upon. 1900, i. 357. 

production of. 1890, i. 279, ii. 742 ; 1891, i. 350, ii. 233 ; 1892, i. 39, 

ii. 422 ; 1898, i. 290, ii. 422; 1894, i. 521, ii. 382 ; 1895, i. 386, ii. 457 ; 
1896, i. 390, ii. 347 ; 1897, i. 450, iL 376 ; 1898, i. 431, ii. 458 ; 1899, i. 368, 
ii. 398 ; 1900, i. 345, ii. 490. 

rusted, loss of carbon in. 1891, i. 426. 

sand on. 1896, iL 168. 

sulphur in. 1898, ii. 440. 

washing. 1894, i. 552. 



PIGGFORD, J., on haulage. 1897, i. 415. 

PILAR, J., on explosives. 1894, ii. 358. 

Pile for manufacturing bar iron. 1891, i. 380. • 

Piling scrap iron, hammer for. 1892, L 444. 

PILKINGTON, H., on blast-furnace plant and equipment. 1892, i. 394. 

:— on foundry iron. 1900, i. 361. 

on manufacture of basic pig iron. 1890, i. 283. 

PILKINGTON, William W., elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

PILLBZ, P., on fire-damp detection. 1895, ii. 447. 

on iron industry of Russia. 1894, ii. 522. 

Pilot Knob, iron ore deposit at. 1891, ii. 144. 

mine. 1890, s. v. 85. 

PiLBBN coal basin. 1896, ii. 299. 

PINB Mill Company, Ltd., Oldham. 1899, ii. 261. 

PINGBT, H.— 

Paper on *' The development of the iron industry in France from 1888 
to 1898," 1900, ii. 39 ; similar papers at the preceding meetings of the 
Institute in Paris, 39 ; coal, 30 ; iron ore, 41 ; pig iron, 43 ; wrought iron, 
47 ; steel, 49 ; Bessemer steel, 50 ; open-hearth steel, 52 ; miscellaneous 
steel, 53 ; recent progress, 54. — DUciusion : Sir W. Roberts-Austen, 58 ; 
A. Greiner, 68 ; Sir L. Bell, 68 ; W. Whitwell, 59. 

PINHOOK gas-field. 1892, ii 385. 
PINKENBBRG, M., on slag cement. 1892, ii. 439. 
Pinning, underground. 1898, i. 260. 
PINZGER, H., on the pyrometer. 1895. i. 310. 
Pipe founding. 1895, i. 409 ; 1900, ii. 509. 

line, natural gas. 1896, i. 364. 

rolling, seamless from hollow ingots. 1890, ii. 770. 

straightening machine, shafting and. 1891, i. 411. 

threading and cutting-off machine. 1891, i. 411. 

welding machine. 1892, ii. 462. 

PiPSS, cast iron, corrosion of. 1898, ii. 522. 

manufacture of. 1894, i. 567 ; 1896, ii. 390. 

riveted steel. 1892, i. 446. 

specifications for. 1895, i. 477. 

spirally welded. 1891, ii. 289. 



384 GENERAL INDEX. 

Pipes, tests of lap-welded. 1891, ii. 313. 

welded iron and steel. 1897, i. 517. 

PISANI, F., book on mining by. 1892, 1. 535. 

PI8SARJESFFSKY, P., on meteorites. 1894, ii. 292. 

Pit bottoms. 1897, i. 415. 

furnace. 1897, ii. 420. 

heating fnrnace, Laureau. 1890, i. 335. 

props, steel. 1892, i. 355. 

Pitch lake of Trinidad. 1895, ii. 426. 

PITT, G. J., on cementation. 1898, i. 525. 

PITT-LEWIS, G., book on mining by. 1897, i. 629. 

Pitting of boiler plates. 1890, ii. 840. 

PITTMAN, E. F., on Ashford coalfield. 1897, L 882. 

on coal under Sydney harbour. 1894, ii. 323. 

on manufacture of coke in New South Wales. 1893, ii. 362. 

Pittsburgh, Adelaide coke works. 1890, s. v. 440. 

American ironworks. 1890, s. v. 427. 

Carbon Iron Company's works. 1890, s. v. 425. 

coal seam. 1895, i. 324. 

Connellsville coke region. 1890, s. v. 430. 

Crescent steel works. 1890, s. v. 428. 

discovery of natural gas at. 1891, i. 313. 

Edgar Thomson steel works. 1890, s. v. 433. 

excursion on Monongahela Kiver. 1890, s. v. 432. 

Fort IMtt foundry. 1890, 8. v. 424. 

glass industry of. 1890, s. v. 431. 

Homestead steel works. 1890, s. v. 433. 

iron and steel works at. 1896, i. 439. 

Isabella furnaces. 1890, s. v. 429. 

Linden Steel Company's works. 1890, s. v. 426. 

Lucy furnaces. 1890, s. v. 429. 

Oliver and Roberts' Wire Company's works. 1890, s. v. 432. 

Oliver Iron and Steel Company. 1890, s. v. 427. 

opening of International meeting at. 1890, ii. 3H7. 

petroleum and natural gas-fleld of. 1890, s. v. 423. 

Reduction Company's works. 1890, s. v. 425. 

Sable ironworks. 1890, s. v. 424. 

Singer, Nimick & Co. 1890, s. v. 427. 

Soho iron mills. 1890, s. v. 426. 

Standard Coking works. 1890, s. v. 437. 

Steel Casting Company's works. 1890, s. v. 427. 

visit to. 1890, s. v. 422 ; ii. 649. 

Westinghouse Electric Company's works. 1890, s. v. 429. 

Wire Company, works of. 1892, ii. 465. 

PIXIS, C, on testing for fire-damp. 1897, ii. 358. 

Planing armour-plate. 1891, i. 405. 

shaping, and milling machines. 1890, i. 337, ii. 807; 1891, i. 405* 

ii. 292 ; 1892, i. 450 ; 1893, i. 360. 

shaping, and slotting machines. 1891, ii. 292. 



Plants, iron in. 1893, ii. 319. 
Plasticity of clays. 1890, ii. 735. 



GENERAL INDKX. 385 

Plate, an enormous. 1896, i. 477. 

bending and straightening machines. 1890, i. 337, ii. 800 ; 1895, ii. 534. 

bending rolls. 1896, i. 477. 

mills, American. 1892, ii. 448. 

mills, output of. 1898, ii. 489. 

nomenclature. 1891, ii. 295. 

roUing-milL 1898, i. 480. 

Plates, basic, experiments with. 1892, i. 79. 

boiler, tests of. 1896, L 477. 

cast iron, heat transmission through. 1890, ii. 487. 

casting, in open sand moulds. 1890, i. 302. 

manipulating, in the rolling-mill. 1892, i. 425. 

steel, classification of. 1898, ii. 500. * 

steel, transmission of heat through. 1898, ii. 491. 

test of boiler. 1896, i. 615. 

tin and terne, cleaning. 1890, ii. 814. 

Platinum in coaL 1896, i. 346. 

in steel manufacture. 1894, ii. 439. 

PLATT, C, on determination of silicon. 1893, i. 411. 
PLATT, C. M., on rust-proof coating for iron. 1892, ii. 479. 
PLATT, F. J., on electrical transmission of power. 1897, ii 347. 
PLATT, J., on washing coal. 1896, ii. 343. 
PLATT, James, obituary notice of. 1898, i. 319. 
PLATT, John, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 
PLATT, S. R, elected vice-president. 1900, i. 11. 

vote of thanks by. 1899, ii. 238. 

welcome of Institute to Manchester. 1899, ii. 2. 

Platt Bbothers & Company, Limited, Oldham. 1899, ii. 256. 
PLATTS, John Chables, elected member. 1899, i. 4. 
PLATZ, B., on casting plates in open sand moulds. 1890, i. 302. 

on composition of blast-furnace slags. 1892, i. 406. 

PLAYER, William John Percy, elected member. 1898, i. 3. 

PLICHON, P., books on mining by. 1895, i. 649 ; 1896, i 575. 

Plumbago crucibles. 1896, i. 325. 

PLUMIER, C, book on mining by. 1890, i. 409. 

PLUMMER, J., on manganese and chrome iron ore. 1895, iL 381. 

Plummet for deep shafts. 1891, il 226. 

Pneumatic accumulator for use in steelworks. 1891, i. 398. 

hoisting. 1890, ii. 712. 

hydraulic, and electric mining machines. 1890, i. 258. 

Pneumatophobe. 1898, i. 425. 

Pocahontas coalfield. 1890, s. v. 139 ; 1892, iL 366. 

mines. 1890, s. v. 327. 

POCHIN, H. D., obituary notice of. 1895, ii. 352. 
POCOCE, F. A., on electric haulage. 1890, i. 257. 
POECH, F.. book on mining by. 1900, ii. 632. 

on coal in Bosnia. 1899, i. 309 ; 1900, ii. 434. 

on coal-mining in Bosnia. 1893, ii 545 ; 1894, i. 608. 

on electricity in mining. 1891, ii. 220. 

on firedamp explosions in Austria. 1898, ii. 416. 

on mineral statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. 1899, ii. 501. 

2b 



386 GENERAL INDEX. 

POECH, F., on Zenica and Kreka collieries, Bosnia. 1899, iL 39a 

POECH, K., on basic open-hearth steel. 1898, 11 499. 

POENSGEN, R., obituary notice of. 1895, i. 265. 

POETSCH, F. H., on shaft-sinking. 1900, ii. 464. 

PoETSCii method of shaft-sinking in iron mines. 1890, L 207 ; 1881, i. 267. 

POHLIG. J.— 

Paper on '* Aerial wire ropeways," 1890, 11. 612; importance of wire 
ropeways to mineral districts, 612 ; other uses, 612 ; German system, 
613 ; improvements, 614 ; fixed ro|>cs, 614 ; hauling-ropes, standards, and 
carriers, 615 ; friction-grip, 616 ; lock-grip, 617 ; ropeway lines — Garrncha, 
618 ; Volklingcr line, 620 ; method of working, 623 ; Rnmelange, Marien- 
hiitte, and Aiseau-Presle lines, 624 ; lines in Transvaal, 624. — Diacuuion: 
R W. liaymond, 625. 

on wire ropeways. 1894, ii. 300. 

Poland, coal in. 1893, i. 225 ; 1897, i. 377, ii. 316. 

coal-mining in. 1892, iL 545 ; 1894, ii. 373. 

iron ore in. 1893. i. 180. 

Russian, statistics. 1897, i. 609. 

POLE, W., on manufacture of briquette fuel. 1894, ii 380. 

POLECK, T.. on crystalline iron-tungsten alloy. 1893, i. 396. 

PoLisu OsTiiAU, fire-damp explosion in. 1891, ii. 227. 

POLIiACK, R., book on mining by. 1890, ii. 891. 

POLLITT, Hakry, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 

POLONCEAU, E., on methods of testing. 1897, il 252. 

POLONCEAU, GUSTAVB Eknest, obituary notice of. 1900, i. 256. 

POLOZOFF, A., on iron ore deposit of Koutim. 1892, ii. 309. 

POMEROY. L. R, on toughening steel axles. 1898, ii. 519. 

PONCELET, M., on iron ore in Algeria. 1900, i. 268. 

PONTHIERE, H., books on metallurgy by. 1892. i. 534 ; 1896, ii. 633 ; 1896, 
i. 574. 

on iron trade statistics of Sweden. 1899, i. 500. 

Paper on " Thermo - chemical study of the refining of iron," 1897, 
ii. 96 ; preliminary remarks, 96 ; analysis of the iron treated, 97 ; con- 
ditions under which the elements exist in the iron, 97 ; constituents of 
the iron, 97 ; ultimate composition of the iron, 98 ; heat of formation 
of the constituents of the metal, IM) ; order of disappearance of the con- 
stituents during the blow, KK) ; final addition, 105 ; fluctuations of 
temperature during the blow, 106 ; comparison of the acid and basic pro- 
cesses, 100; table showing the heats of formation used in this paper, 
III.— Diseiisaion : G. J. Snelus, 112; E. H. Saniter, 113; E. P.Martin, 
114. 

on thermo-chemistry of the Bessemer process. 1898, ii. 510. 



Pontoons, use of steel for. 1898, ii. 541. 
POOLE, A., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 
POOLE, H., book on metallurgy by. 1898, ii. ()(K). 

on nitrogen in coal. 1898, i. 381. 

POOLE, H. S., on early iron manufacture in Nova Scotia. 1894, i. 628. 

on Pictou coalfield. 1891, i. 285. 

on pumping appliances. 1896, ii. 333. 

on use of explosives in mines. 1893, i. 262. 

POOLE, L., on moulding. 1899, i. 392. 

POPE, F., on determination of titanium and vanadium. 1899, ii. 489. 

on iron ore in Canada. 1900, i. 275. 




GENERAL INDEX. 387 

POPE, V,, on magnetic iron ores in Eastern Ontario. 1899, ii. 318. 

POPE, S., on crucible farnaces. 1900, i. 379. 

POPERT, E. P., on iron ore resources of Salem district. 1895, ii. 619. 

POPPE, J., on coal in Austrian Silesia. 1899, it 343. 

POBT Henby mines. 1890, s. v. 76. 

PORTER, HOLBROOK F. J., elected member. 1900, i. 3. 

on fatigue of metal in forgings. 1898, ii. 536. 

on steel forgings. 1896, ii. 369 ; 1897, i. 512 ; 1898, i. 494. 

PORTER, John Bonsall, elected member. 1899, ii. 6. 

on practical microscopic analysis. 1899, ii. 154. 

PORTER, J. C, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

PORTER, R. P., on iron ore in the Antilles. 1899, ii. 321. 

on Japanese statistics. 1897, 1. 602. 

PORTTER, H., on chrome iron ore. 1890, i. 218. 
POBTUQAL, coal in. 1896, i. 339 ; 1898, i. 376 ; 1900. ii. 437. 

iron ore in. 1891, i. 252 ; 1896, i. 303 ; 1899, i. 281 ; 1900, i. 270. 

PoBTUGALBTK, bridge at. 1896, ii. 73. 
POSEPNY, F., book on mining by. 1896, ii. 634. 

on genesis of ore deposits. 1898, ii. 302. 

Position of boreholes for electric shot-firing. 1898, ii. 327. 

of miners at work. 1892, i. 362. 

POSNIKOFF, M., on steel casting. 1896, i. 444. 
POSPISIL, F., on explosions and blasting. 1900, ii. 473. 

on lighting of collieries. 1900, ii. 480. 

PosSEHL, L., & Co., on iron ore in Norway and Sweden. 1896, ii. 369. 
POST, A. , on Uehling and Davis casting machines. 1900, i. 353. 
POST, Hans von, on fireclay. 1899, 304. 

on oil shale in Sweden. 1900, i. 317. 

on origin of the Grellivara ores. 1898, i. 182. 

POSTLETHWAITE, J., on Borrowdale graphite. 1890, ii. 735. 

Potassium permanganate, standardising of. 1894, ii. 496. 

POTTER, E. C, on American blast-furnace practice. 1898, ii 430. 

on American blast-furnaces. 1890, ii. 5i, 

on Bessemer process. 1890, ii 147. 

on manufacture of iron in the United States. 1896, i 399. 

on rails. 1898, i. 516. 

POTTER, J. A., rolling-miU table by. 1896, i. 438. 

POTTER, 0. W., on pig iron industry. 1896, L 415 

POTTS, L. M., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1900, ii. 542. 

POTTS, W. J., book on mining by. 1898, i. 452. 

POTTSTOWN Iron Co., Pennsylvania. 1891, ii. 279. 

steelworks. 1898, i. 344. 

POUOHKEBPSIB Bridge. 1890, s. v. 409. 

POULAINE, EuQfcNE, elected member. 1899, ii 7. 

POULET, J., on steel rails. 1900, ii. 561. 

POURCEL, A., book on metallurgy by. 1891, ii. 367. 

on aluminium steel. 1890, ii. 203. 

on comparative statistics. 1897, 1. 623. 

on constitution of pig iron. 1897, i. 475. 

on definitions of pig iron, wrought iron, and steel. 1900, ii. 540. 

on French pig iron. 1897, i. 469. 



388 GENERAL INDKX. 

POURCEL, A., on grading of pig iron. 1897, i. 479. 

on iron analysis. 1898, i. 631. 

on manganese ore in the Caucasus. 1898, ii. 357. 

on the ore process. 1891, ii. 264 ; 1892, i. 430. 

on segregation in iron. 1893, ii. 521. 

POUSSIGUE, L., on firedamp. 1892, ii. 414 ; 1893, ii. 412. 

on methods of working coal. 1900, ii. 476. 

on ventilation of collieries. 1900, ii. 478. 

PouTiLOPP Works, Russian tool-steel from. 1895, i. 423. 
POVEY-HARPER, F., on underground haulage. 1900, ii 468. 
POVEY-HARPER. J., book on mining by. 1897, i. 629. 
Powdered ore in the open-hearth furnace. 1899, ii. 16. 
PowDEBiNG steel. 1894, ii. 458. 

Powell Dupprvn Steam Coal Company, Limited. 1897, ii. 248. 
POWELL, J. W., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 563. 

on iron ore of Lake Superior. 1895, ii. 369. 

POWELL, T., on Tropenas steel process. 1898, ii. 510. 
POWER, Frederick Arthur, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 
POWER, F. Danvers, book on mining by. 1892, il 556. 

on economics of coal-mining. 1900, ii. 483. 

on formation of ore deposits. 1897, ii. 267. 

Power drills. 1894, ii. 356. 

transmission of. 1891, i. 271, ii. 215; 1894, ii. 355; 1897, i. 496. 

POYSON, G. A., on new method of melting and casting. 1898, i. 316. 
Practice, foundry. 1893, ii. 446. 

rolling-mill engine, steam economy in. 1892, i. 425. 

PRADEL, COLOMB, on utilisation of blast-furnace dust. 1899, ii. 405. 
PRAT, Louis, on ventilating appliances. 1894, ii. 367. 
PRATT, J. H., on chrome iron ores. 1899, i. 294. 

on chromite in North Carolina. 1900, ii. 417. 

Pratt mines, Alabama. 1890, s. v. 325 ; 1891, i. 293, 302. 
Pre-carboniferous coals, composition of. 1898, i. 381. 
Precipitation of alumina and ferric-oxide. 1890, i. 376. 
PREECE, W. H., on steel for permanent magnets. 1890, ii. 838. 

toast by. 1899, i. 249. 

PREGEFi, T., on mine ventilation. 1895, ii. 445. 

on punching tests. 1897, ii. 467. 

PREINER, J., on use of liquid fuel. 1900, ii. 449. 
Preliminary examination of fireclays. 1899, ii. 338. 

hoisting plant for mines. 1897, ii. 287. 

PRELINGER, 0., on nitride of manganese. 1896, ii. 164. 
PRENDEL, R., on meteorites. 1895, i. 200. 
PRENGER, H., on Kraft ironworks. 1899, ii. 407. 
PRENTICE, J., on coal in Lanarkshire. 1897, i. 368. 

on iron ore in Lanarkshire. 1897, i. 326. 

Preparation of anthracite. 1893, ii. 419. 

of coal. 1898, i. 429. 

of graphite. 1892, ii. 345. 

of low-grade manganese ores, chemical. 1890, ii. 678. 

of magnesia for the basic process. 1890, ii. 737. 

of peat. 1893, ii. 361. 



GENERAL INDEX. 389 

Preparation of pure iron. 1897, ii. 487. 
Preservation of iron. 1895, ii. 582. 

of mine timber. 1891, i. 319 ; 1898, 1 259 ; 1894. ii. 355 ; 1897, ii. 850. 

Preservative agents, action of, on mining timber. 1891, i. 267. 
Preserving wire-ropes. 1892, i. 349. 

President of the United States, reception by. 1890, s. v. 454. 
Press, a 4000-ton hydraulic. 1892, i. 418. 

basic brick. 1892, i. 307. 

drawing, toggle joint. 1891, i. 387. 

duplex forging. 1891, ii. 2G2. 

for patent fuel. 1891, ii. 185. 

hydraulic, treatment of steel by. 1891, i. 402. 

rail-straightening. 1890, L 311. 

Presses, forging. 1893, ii. 454 ; 1895, ii. 493. 

hydraulic. 1897, i. 491 ; 1898, i. 481. 

replacement of rolls by. 1896, i. 437. 

use of. 1898, ii. 488. 

Pressure, coking under. 1892, ii. 375. 

of a gas-well, testing. 1892, ii. 385. 

production of hollow iron spheres by. 1891, i. 404. 

used in drilling cast iron. 1890, ii. 839. 

PREST, J. J., on coal tipplers. 1895, ii. 454. 

PRESTON, H. J., elected member. 1898, ii. 6. 

PRESTON, H. L., on meteorites. 1898, i. 197; 1894, ii. 292; 1898, i. 353 ; 

1899, i. 290 ; 1900, i. 281, ii. 414. 
PRESTWICH, J., on safety-lamps. 1893, i. 279. 
PREU, B., on manufacture of galvanised iron. 1890, i. 348. 
PREUS, N., on iron ore of Spain. 1899, ii. 314. 
Prevention of accidents in mines. 1893, i. 2K4. 

of colliery explosions. 1891, i. 338 ; 1895, i. 368. 

of freezing in shafts. 1897, ii. 342. 

of loss of gas when charging. 1898, ii. 459 ; 1899, i. 868. 

of overwinding. 1890, i. 251; 1891, i 267, ii. 211; 1898, i. 253; 

1898, ii. 431 ; 1899, i. 838. 
of rust. 1891, ii. 319 ; 1896, i. 329. 



PRICE-WILLIAMS, Richard, awarded Bessemer medal. 1898, i. 17. 

on application of travelling belts to the shipment of coal. 1897, ii. 17. 

on India as a centre for steel manufacture. 1899, ii. 88. 

on portable recorder for tests of metals. 1897, ii. 169, 174. 

Paper on ** Steel permanent way," 1898, i. 94 ; increase of railway 
trafiic, 94 ; continued decrease in the cost of maintenance of way and of 
locomotive stock, 95 ; average life of steel rails, 99 ; points and crossings, 
105 ; fish-plates, 105 ; steel sleepers, 106 ; conclusion, 107 ; appendix, 
lOS.— Discussion : Sir I.. Bell, 110; Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 116; J. 
Head, 116 ; G. J. Snelus, 119 ; J. E. Stead, 120; C. P. Sandberg, 122; W. 
Roberts, 124; C. Wood, 124; E. P. Majtiu, 125.— Corresporulenee : J. A. F. 
Aspinall, 125 ; R. Price- Williams, 128. 

vote of thanks by. 1898, i. 1 1. 



Priestman oil-engine for haulage, the. 1892, i. 350. 
PRIlxfelAIEV, B., on petroleum in Russia. 1891, i. 308. 
PRIMOSIGH, E., on magnetic concentration of iron ore. 1899, i. 302. 
PRINCE, G. T., on producer-gas in the foundry. 1895, i. 345. 



390 GENERAL INDEX. 

PRITCHARD, William, elected member. 1895, i. 3. 
PROBERT, F. H., on timbering in mines. 1900, ii. 472. 
Process, acid Bessemer. 1892, ii. 457. 

basic, in Sweden. 1892, i. 483. 

basic, preparation of magnesia for. 1890, ii. 737. 

basic Bessemer. 1890, L 323, 406, ii. 791 ; 1891, i. 481 ; 1892. i 631. 

basic open-hearth, at the Eladno works. 1890, i. 314. 

basic open-hearth, in Germany. 1890, ii. 873. 

Bessemer. 1890, ii. 95. 

blast-famace, effect of velocity and tension of gases on. 1890, i. 279. 

Darby's recarburising. 1890, ii. 789 ; 1891, L 399. 

direct, future of. 1890, i. 304. 

direct, Graff. 1892, i. 438. 

direct, Lash -Johnson. 1891, i. 380. 

direct reduction, Adams. 1890, ii. 7G6 ; 1891, i. 400. ii. 282. 

direct reduction, Conley-Lancaster. 1890, i. 305. 

dust-proof. 1892, I 460. 

Harvey cementation. 1892, i. 458 ; ii. 476. 

Imperatori. 1891, i. 399, ii. 281. 

Mannesmann. 1890, ii. 770. 

Meyer recarburising. 1892, i. 437. 

Munton, for manufacturing tires. 1890, ii. 806. 

new welding and tube-shaping. 1892, i. 445. 

open-hearth. 1890, i. 312, ii. 781 ; 1891, ii. 268 ; 1892, i. 429 ; 1893, 

ii. 457. 

open -hearth, physical and chemical equations of. 1890, ii. 777. 

open -hearth, use of ore in. 1890, i. 313. 

ore. 1891, ii. 264. 

new, for protecting iron and steel. 1892, i. 459. 

Robert-Bessemer steel. 1890, i. 324. 

rust-proof. 1890, i. 348, ii. 850 

Talbot. 1892, ii. 459 ; 1893, ii. 474 ; 1900, i. 33. 

Walrand. 1892. ii. 457. 



Processes, foundry, chemistry of. 1892, ii. 442. 

PROCHASKA, E., on modern steel plants. 1894, ii. 425. 

PROCTOR, J., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

on blowing-engines. 1898, ii. 465. 

PROCTOR, J. R., on resources of Middlesborough (Kentucky) district. 
1890, s. V. 487. 

Producer, heat reaction in. 1892, ii. 386. 

improved. 1891, ii. 199 ; 1892, ii. 390. 

new gas. 1890, i. 245. 

oil gas. 1890, i. 244. 

J*roducer-gas. 1891, ii. 198. 

analysis of. 1894, i. 619. 

from anthracite waste. 1897, ii. 340. 

in the foundry. 1895, i. 345, ii. 428. 

mixed. 1892, i. 343 ; 1894, i. 475. 

recovery of by-products from. 1895, i. 344. 

Production of anthracite pig iron, test of. 1892, ii. 433. 

of basic steel in Germanv. 1897, ii. 524. 



GENERAL INDEX. 391 

Pboduction of charcoal. 1891, il 186. 

of coal and iron, comparative table. 1893, i. 446. 

of coal and iron, world's. 1891, ii. 3G4. 

of gaseous fuel. 1893, ii. 381. 

of high temperatures. 1898, ii. 387. 

of hollow iron spheres by pressure. 1891, i. 404. 

of iron and steel in different countries. 1892, ii. 552. 

of malleable iron. 1895, i. 412 ; 1898, i. 474, ii. 484 ; 1899, i. 393, ii. 

417 ; 1900, i. 365, ii. 613. 

of petroleum. 1892, i. 505. 

of pig iron. 1890, i. 279, ii. 742 ; 1891, i. 350, ii. 233 ; 1892, i. 393, ii. 

422 ; 1893, i. 290, ii. 422 ; 1894. i. 521, ii. 382 ; 1895, i. 386, ii. 467 ; 1896, 
i. 390, ii. 347 ; 1897. i. 450, ii. 375 ; 1898, i. 431, ii. 458 ; 1899, i. 368, ii. 
398 ; 1900. i. 345, ii. 400. 

of steel. 1890, i. 312, ii. 773 ; 1891, i. 388, ii. 264 ; 1892, i. 427, ii. 

451 ; 1893, i. 323, ii. 457 ; 1894, i. 544, ii. 408 ; 1895, i. 423, ii. 502 ; 1896, 
1. 440, ii. 373 ; 1897, i. 4<)8, ii. 422 ; 1898, i. 484, ii. 494; 1899, i. 403, ii. 
426 ; 1900, i. 378, ii. 520. 
of water-gas. 1892, i. 343. 



Products, coal distillation, the calorific power of. 1892, i. 309. 

of combustion of explosives. 1891, ii. 204. 

I'BOGRBSS in petroleum industry. • 1897, ii. 329. 
Prouibitinq shot-firing in collieries. 1895, ii. 440. 
Projectiles, electrically welded. 1890, ii. 813 ; 1892, ii. 477. 

manufacture of. 1892, ii. 476 ; 1898, i. 519. 

measurement of velocity of. 1891, ii. 11. 

Russian. 1895, i. 194. 

tests of. 1894, i. 590, ii. 467. 

trials of armour-plate and. 1897, ii. 482. 

Prolongation of the Pas-de-Calais coalfield. 1895, i. 317. 
Propeller shafts, ingots for. 1900, i. 163. 

shafts, steel. 1892, i. 475. 

Properties of coal as fuel. 1895, i. 311. 

of nickel and manganese alloys. 1894, ii. 449. 

Proportion of carbonic anhydride in the air. 1895, i. 374. 
Props, steel pit. 1892, i. 355. 

wood for mine. 1895, i. 356. 

Prospecting for iron ore. 1897, i. 351. 

PROST, A., on iron ore in Tunis. 1899, ii. 324. 

PROST, E., on action of hydrochloric acid on pig iron. 1891, i. 428. 

on coal ash. 1896, i. 346. 

on fusibility and composition of coal ash. 1896, ii. 403 ; 1898, i. 381. 

Protection of blast-furnace linings. 1900, ii. 491. 

of iron buildings from fire. 1894, ii. 461 ; 1895, ii. 535. 

of puddlers from furnace heat. 1890, ii. 765. 

Protective coatings for iron. 1890, ii. 8(KJ ; 1892, i. 459 ; 1898, ii. 526. 

PROUT, H. G., on rails. 1897, ii. 478. 

Provisions and clothing, prices of. 1890, s. v. 32. 

PROVVSE, D. W., on coal in Newfoundland. 1896, i. 341 ; 1898, ii. 398. 

on iron ore in Newfoundland. 1898, ii. 359. 

PRUD'HOMME, J., on shaft-sinking. 1896, ii. 321. 

PRUS, G., on magnetic separation of iron from other ores. 1891, i 273. 



392 GENERAL INDEX. 

Prussia, coal in. 1897, ii. 312 ; 1900, 1. 463. 

iron ore in. 1899, i. 281. 

mineral statistics. 1891, ii. 345 ; 1892, i. 515 ; 1898, ii. 549 ; 1894, 

ii. 510; 1895, ii. 615 ; 1896, ii 470; 1897, ii. 525; 1898, i. 560, ii. 578; 

1899, i. 488, il 506 ; 1900, ii. 608. 

mining edncation in. 1897, ii. 529. 

mining industry of. 1894, i. 637. 



PKTTHERCH, H. O., on American collieries. 1899, ii. 392. 
PRZIBILLA, E., on deep boring. 1900, ii. 462. 
Przibbam, cast steel ropes at. 1897, i. 512. 

new testing machine at. 1891, i 425. 

PRZIWOZNIE, E., on analyses of Austrian iron ores. 1891, i. 251. 

on analyses of lignite. 1891, i. 283. 

on Austrian coke. 1893, i. 236. 

on Austrian iron ores. 1898, i. 179. 

on Austrian pig iron. 1898, i. 310. 

on Austrian steel. 1898, i. 323 ; 1897, i. 498. 

on bauxite. 1891, i 276 ; 1898, i. 209. 

on burnt pyrites. 1897, i. 343. 

on chrome steel. 1897, i. 498. 

on peat-ash. 1893, i. 234. 

on petroleum and its flashing-point. 1899, ii. 362. 

on recent researches on meteorites. 1891, i. 260 ; 1892, ii. 326. 

PRZYBORSKI, M., on mine surveying. 1900, ii. 482. 

on use of electricity in mining. 1890, i. 255. 

PSEUDOMOBPHS of limonite. 1898, i. 352. 

PSZCZOLKA, L., on manufacture of ingot metal. 1890, ii. 791. 

on recent methods of steel manufacture. 1897, ii. 424. 

Publication of mineral statistics. 1895, i. 519. 
PUDDLE-BABS, hot charging and hot-piling of. 1892, i. 417. 

roUs for hot-pUing. 1891, i. 381. 

Puddled iron, determination of slag in. 1894, ii. 496. 

iron, future of. 1894, ii. 465. 

PUDDLERS, protection of, from furnace heat. 1890, ii. 765. 
PuDDLE-SLAOS, utilisation of. 1892, i. 414. 
Puddling. 1896, i. 432; 1899, i. 393; 1900, i. 368. 

and heating furnace, mechanical stokers for. 1896, ii. 366. 

economical, and puddling cinder. 1891, i. 119. 

furnace, mechanical. 1891, ii. 265. 

furnace, Pietzka. 1892, i. 413. 

furnaces at the Bethlehem works. 1890, i. 306. 

furnaces, calorific efficiency of. 1892, i. 245 ; 1896, i. 412. 

furnaces, consumption and yield of. 1898, i. 474. 

furnaces, explosions in. 1890, i. 305. 

furnaces, gas-fired. 1895, ii. 491. 

furnaces in South Russia. 1898, ii. 484. 

furnaces, waste heat from. 1893, ii. 4J8. 

gaseous. 1891, ii. !255. 

of iron. 1893, i. 125 ; 1895, ii. 43. 

of pig iron, direct. 1896, i. 412. 

process in France. 1890, i. 306. 



GBNBRAL INDEX. 393 

Puddling, theory of. 1892, i. 412. 

PUBBTOLLANO coalfield. 1895, i. 319. 

PuGET Sound coal. 1890, li. 692. 

Pulaski, Pocahontas, and Roanoke. 1890, s. v. 465. 

PULIN, A., on strength of railway coaplings. 1891, i. 424. 

Pullman works, visit to. 1890, s. v. 445. 

Pulverised charcoal, manufacture of. 1895, ii. 417. 

Pulverising magnetic iron ores at the Groton mines. 1892, 1. 300. 

Pumping. 1898, ii. 375. 

appliances. 1891, i. 329 ; 1892, i. 364, ii 405 ; 1898. i. 273 ; 1896, i. 

361 ; 1896, i. 377, ii. 333 ; 1897, i. 426, ii. 356. 

at the Karwin colliery. 1891, i. 328. 

machinery. 1891. i. 328, il 215 ; 1898, ii. 404 ; 1896, ii. 444. 

natural gas. 1891, i. 313. 

plants. 1892, i. 366, ii. 406 ; 1898, i. 274 ; 1894, i. 495 ; 1897, ii. 290 ; 



1899, ii. 830. 

underground, petroleum motor for. 1891, ii. 217. 



Pumps, ancient mine. 1896, L 315. 

for mining purposes. 1891, i. 328. 

Punched steel tubes. 1894, ii. 431. 
Punches, tests of. 1894, ii. 460. 

Punching and cutting machines. 1890, i. 387, ii. 802 ; 1893, i. 361 ; 1892, 
ii 469. 

and shearing machine. 1891, ii. 262. 

and shearing, theory of. 1895, i. 470. 

as means of testing. 1896, i. 509 ; 1897, ii. 467. 

on soft steel, effect of. 1892, ii. 492. 

structural steel, effects of. 1893, ii. 502. 

PUNNETT, H. Macaulay, elected member. 1895, i 3. 
PUKDY, C. T., on use of steel in large buildings. 1895, ii. 576. 
PURDY, W., on history of coal. 1895, ii. 417. 
Pure iron and steel, production of. 1892, i 88. 
Purification of blast-furnace gas. 1890, ii 753. 

of waste water from coal-washing. 1900, ii 487. 

PUSCH, C, on explosives. 1897, i 421. 

PUTILOFP steelworks. 1897, i 504. 

PUTNAM, E. H., on chilled iron castings. 1897, ii. 412. 

on cupolas and reverberatory furnaces. 1898, i. 467. 

on foundry iron. 1900, i 362. 

on malleable castings. 1900, i 363. 

on specifications for foundry castings. 1898, ii. 481. 

PUTNAM, William, obituary notice of. 1897, ii. 258. . 

Pt)TSCH, A., books on metallurgy by. 1899, i. 507, ii. 530 ; 1900, ii. 630. 

PYE-SMITH, Arnold Stanley, elected member. 1900, i. 3. 

PYNE, Sir Thomas Salter, elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

Pyrenees, iron ores of. 1894, i 404. 

Pyrites, burnt analysis of. 1897, i 343. 

in Groton magnetic iron ore mines. 1892, ii 317. 

magnetic. 1896, i 310. 

Pyrometer, data. 1891, i 280. 

Le Ghatelier's, automatic observation in use of. 1891, 1. 90. 



394 GENERAL INDEX. 

Pybombteb, Mesar^ and Noael. 1891, i. 280. 

recording. 1898, i. 112. 

Wiborgh's. 1891, ii. 130. 

Pyeometby. 1890, i. 219, u. 680; 1892, i. 311 ; 1893, i. 218, ii 339 ; 1894, L 
438, ii. 308 ; 1895, i. 309, ii. 399 ; 1896, i. 331, ii. 294 ; 1897, i. 363, 11. 308 ; 
1898, i. 373, ii. 390 ; 1899, i. 307, ii. 340 ; 1900, i. 292, ii. 429. 



QUAGLIO, J., on coking under pressure. 1892, ii. 375. 

on improvements in coking process. 1899, i. 326. 

QUANTITATIYB analysis of natural gas. 1894, ii. 499. 

metallurgical analysis. 1899, i. 464. 

QUABTZITB from Silesia. 1894, ii. 303. 
Quebec, iron ore resources of. 1890, i. 385. 

occurrence of petroleum in Gasp<5. 1898, i. 244. 

oil-wells in. 1898, i. 395. 

ore from the Bristol mines. 1892, iL 314. 

Queen and Prince of Wales mines. 1890, s. v. 398. 
Queensland, coal in. 1890, i. 227 ; 1900, i. 299, ii. 590. 

coal-mining in. 1898, ii. 403 ; 1896, i. 547 ; 1898, i. 544 ; 1899, L 474 ; 

1900, i. 448. 

mineral statistics of. 1892, ii. 528 ; 1894, ii. 502 ; 1897, ii. 517. 



QUENTRALL, T., on tests of South African coaL 1892, ii. 358. 

Quicksand, shaft-sinking through. 1892, i. 290, 344, 345, ii. 392 ; 1893, L 
252 ; 1894, ii. 348 ; 1895, i. 346. 

QUINCKE, F., on pyrometry. 1896, i. 332. 

on volatile compound of iron and carbonic oxide. 1891, ii. 320. 

QUIVT, L., on cold process galvanisation. 1899, ii. 449. 



B. 

Raasay, iron ore in. 1898, ii. 302. 

RAASCHOW, T., electric safety-lamp. 1898,<i. 280. 

RABINEL, E., book on metallurgy by. 1894, i. 649. 

RABUT, C, on early steel bridges. 1894, i. 567. 

Rada Cellulose works. 1898, ii. 315. 

RADCLIFF, Henby, elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 

RADCLIFFE, F., on ingots for gun-tubes and propeller-shafts. 1900, i. 168. 

Radial drilling machine. 1890, i. 336. 

Radioobaphio examination of steel plates. 1899, ii. 465. 

RADZIG, A., on iron industry of Russia. 1897, ii. 534. 

Rail, analysis of an old mine. 1896, i. 420. 

bank at Edgar Thomson works. 1890, s. v. 302. 

heads, texture of. 1892, i. 468, ii. 498. 

ingots, cost of. 1891, ii. 363. 

loading machine. 1895, ii. 495. 

mills, American. 1891, i. 472. 



GENERAL INDEX. 395 

Rail mills at Cambria. 1890, s. v. 290. 

mills at Edgar Thomson works. 1890, s. v. 299. 

mills at South Chicago. 1890, s. v. 311. 

mills at Sparrow Point. 1890, s. v. 314. 

mills, Russian. 1894, ii. 522. 

output of the United States. 1898, ii. 593. 

sections. 1890, i. 340; 1891, i. 413 ; 1898, il 505. 

steel, Maryland. 1893, i. 378. 

straightening press. 1890, i. 311. 

Rails. 1890, ii. 843 ; 1892, ii. 470 ; 1896, ii. 414 ; 1897, ii. 478 ; 1898, i. 516 ; 
1899, ii. 470; 1900, i 418. 

breakage of. 1892, i. 474. ii. 497. 

cast joints for. 1897, ii. 411. 

committee on steel. 1896, i. 10. 

consumption of. 1890, s. v. 30 ; 1892, i. 511 ; 1894, i. 632. 

cost of labour on. 1890, s. v. 200* . 

crane for loading. 1890, i. 343. 

long. 1894, ii. 433. 

magnetisation of. 1893, ii. 41)4. 

old, use of, in India. 1892, i. 455. 

on Illinois Central RaUway. 1898, i. 517. 

re-rolling. 1898, i. 354 ; 1895, i. 450. 

rolling. 1890, i. 309. 

South Russian. 1898, i. 517. 

steel. 1890, ii. 807 ; 1892, i. 454, ii. 490 ; 1898, ii. 606 ; 1895, i. 478, 

479, ii. 565; 1896, i. 478, 514. 

Railway, an electric colliery. 1891, ii. 208. 

axles. 1896, ii. 392, 415 ; 1897, i. 551, ii. 442. 

consumption of iron on. 1893, i. 444. 

couplings, strength of. 1891, i. 480. 

fish-plates. 1890, ii. 809. 

incline, at Look-out Mountain. 1890, s. v. 356. 

lines, existing. 1891, ii. 365. 

of the Soci^t^ Franco-Beige. 1896, ii. 69. 

practice. 1898, i. 497. 

rates and charges. 1890, s. v. 49. 

transport at Bilbao. 1896, ii. 64. 

vehicles, steel and malleable iron for. 1890, ii. 805. 

vehicles, wheels for. 1891, ii. 296 ; 1893, ii. 509 ; 1897, i. 551 ; 1900, 

ii. 537. 

waggons, metal under- frames for. 1896, i. 479, ii. 392. 

waggons. 1897, i. 513 ; 1899, ii. 447. 



Railways in China. 1898, i. 552. 

metallic sleepers for. 1894, ii. 433. 

of Grermany, France, and United Kingdom. 1900, i. 489. 

of the Russian Empire. 1896, ii. 475. 

of the world. 1894, ii. 635 ; 1895, ii. 680 ; 1896, ii. 484 ; 1897, 

ii. 548. 
steel for. 1894, ii. 432. 



RAINBY, W. T., on manufacture of coke in Pennsylvania. 1896, ii 307. 
RAIRDEN, Consul, on Java petroleum. 1898, ii. 377. 



396 GENERAL INDEX. 

RALLI, G., on coal in Asia Minor. 1897, ii. 316. 
RALSTON, W. C, on cost of tunnelling. 1899, i. 301. 
RAMAGE, H., book on metallargy by. 1898, ii. 599. 

on Cleveland ore. 1897, ii. 268. 

on determination of manganese. 1895, i. 508. 

on occurrence of gallium in Cleveland iron ore. 1896, ii. 270. 

on recent researches on meteorites. 1898, ii. 366. 

RAMP, H. M., on foundry appliances. 1898, ii. 482. 

on foundry core-rooms. 1895, ii. 489. 

on improvement in foundry work. 1895, iL 483. 

RAMP, P. R, on foundry practice. 1900, ii. 505. 

RAMSAY, E., on coke oven plant of the Pratt Mine, Alabama. 1891, i. 302. 

on Pratt coal mines, Alabama. 1891, i. 293. 

on utilisation of waste heat of coke ovens. 1894, ii. 335. 

RAMSAY, G. S., on coal of the Appalachian -system. 1895, ii. 413. 
RAMSAY, W., on destructive distillation of wood. 1892, ii. 371. 

on meteorites. 1895, ii. 375 ; 1897, i. 344. 

RAMSBOTTOM, John, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 312. 

RAMSDEN, Sib J., obituary notice of. 1896, ii. 260. 

RAMSEY, R., on draining dip-workings. 1893, i. 272. 

RANGE, C. E. DK, on coal in Staffordshire. 1898, ii. 391 ; 1899, i. 308. 

on coal measures. 1896, i. 333. 

Ranci^: mines, history of. 1896, i. 316. 

RANDALL, J., on alteration of ore deposits. 1895, i. 274. , 

on Coalbrookdale foundries. 1895, ii. 484. 

RANDLES, John Scurbah, elected member. 1896, ii. 4. 

RANDOL, on modem cupola practice. 1899, i 385. 

RANDOLPH, Beverley S., on coal in Pennsylvania. 1899, ii. 349. 

on underground haulage. 1899, i. 3-10. 

on unwaterinjj flooded mines. 1894, i. 497. 

RANDS, W. H., on Queensland coals. 1890, i. 227. 
RANSOME, F., obituary notice of. 1893, i. 172. 
RANSOME, R. J., obituary notice of. 1891, i. 243. 
RANSTROM, J. P., on fining of iron. 1891, i. 370. 
RANZINGER, V., on coal in Hungary. 1899, i. 310. 
Rapid analysis of blast-furnace slag. 1894, ii. 498. 

analysis of iron ores. 1895, ii. 599. 

furnace-building. 1897, ii. 384. 

method of gas analysis. 1894, ii. 499. 

shaft-sinking. 1892, i. 345. 

RAPIER, Ricuaed Christopher, obituary notice of. 1897, i. 313. 
Rake elements in Lii5ge coal. 1899, ii. .'544. 
RASCH, E., book on metallurgy by. 1900, i. 493. 

on tests of steeL 1899, ii. 469. 

RA8INE, M., on analysis of blast-furnace gases. 1890, ii. 857. 
Rate of diffusion of carbon in iron. 1896, i. 139. 

of explosions in gases. 1892, i. 380. 

RATEAU, A., on coal-washing plant. 1892, i. 390. 

on electrical annealing of steel wire. 1891, ii. 289. 

on fire-damp. 1895, i. 373, ii. 44G, 447. 

on Karwin collieries, Austria. 1892, i. 322. 



GENERAL INDEX. 397 

RATEAU, A., on lock for safety-lamps. 1892, i. 378. 

on ventilating appliances. 1892, i. 373 ; 1893, ii. 407. 

on ventilation of collieries. 1891, i. 331 ; 1892, i. 369 ; 1899, i. 355. 

ii. 381. 

on water gauges for ventilators. 1892, i. 375. 



RATH, G. VOM, on converter slag. 1890, iL 793. 

RATH, M. VAN, on tests of ingot metal. 1894, ii. 456. 

RATHBONE, A., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

RATHENAU, W., on electricity in mining. 1896, ii. 327. 

RATHKE, B., on crystallised ferro-manganese. 1891, ii. 246. 

Rating of coal-mines. 1899, i. 463. 

RAUBERT, J., on history of coal trade. 1897, i. 433. 

RAUNHEIM, S. E., on coal in New Mexico. 1891, ii. 181. 

RAUTER, G., on baazite. 1898, ii. 385. 

RAVEAUD, M., on firedamp explosions. 1892, ii. 413: 

on ventilation of mines. 1891, ii. 221. 

RAVEN, V. , elected member. 1898, ii. 6. 

RAVENS HAW, H. W., on charging furnaces by machinery. 1897, LIU. 

on electric transmission of power. 1898, i. 407. 

on electricity in mining. 1896, ii. 327. 

on overhead cranes. 1898, i. 482. 

RAYMOND, R W., on aerial wire ropeways. 1890, ii. 625. 

on carbon bricks. 1896, i. 405. 

on coal -das t. 1895, i. 365. 

on copper in iron and steel. 1896, ii. 433. 

on fine artistic castings. 1899, i. 388. 

on gaages. 1897, i. 553. 

on limonite pseudomorphs. 1898, i. 352. 

on nickel steel. 1897, i. 553. 

on P. Ritter von Tunner's jubilee. 1890, ii. 485. 

on titaniferous ore-belt of North Carolina. 1892, ii. 429. 

RAYNER, J. O., on a reheating furnace. 1900, ii. 536. 
Reactions, chemical, in the blast-furnace. 1890, ii. 742. 

heat, in producers. 1892, ii. 386. 

READ, A. A., on chemical relations of carbon and iron. 1894, ii. 474. 
READ, E. J., on determination of sulphur. 1896, i. 536. 
READER, G. F., on coal in India. 1900, ii. 441. 
Rearer coals of North Staffordshire. 1893, 1. 267. 

workings in North Staffordshire. 1898, i. 416. 

REBOL, A., on coal in Dalmatia. 1897, I 369. 

Recalescence. 1898, ii. 529. 

Recarburisation in Luxemburg district. 1891, ii. 277. 

of ingot iron. 1894, ii. 416; 1895, ii. 521. 

Recarburiser, calcium carbide as a. 1895, ii. 523. 
Recarburising process, Darby. 1890, ii. 789 ; 1891, i. 390. 

process, Meyer. 1892, i. 437. 

Reception at Drottningholm Palace. 1898, ii. 271. 

by the President of the United States. 1890, s. v. 454. 

by Sir David and Lady Dale. 1897, i. 307. 

Recording apparatus for testing machines. 1898, L 367. 
Recovering iron from cupola slag. 1898, ii. 480. 



398 6ENERAX INDEX. 

Recovebt of by-products. 1891, ii. 245 ; 1894, ii. 389 ; 1895, L 344, ii. 473; 
1896, i. 351 ; 1897, ii. 325. 

of by-products in United States. 1894, ii. 336. 

of metallic iron from slag. 1891, ii. 270. 

of waste pickle. 1896, i. 484. 

** Red-shobt " and " cold-short." 1890, i. 362. 

REDAELLI, PiETBO, elected member. 1899, ii. 7. 

REDDISH, E., elected member. 1897, i. 2. 

REDDROP, J., on determination of manganese. 1895, i. 508. 

REDL, E., book on metallurgy by. 1900, ii. 630. 

REDLICH, K. A., book on metallurgy by. 1900, i. 493. 

on coal in Hungary. 1899, ii. 344. 

on oil*fields of Java and Sumatra. 1897, ii. 334. 

on petroleum in Roumania. 1899, ii 360. 

REDMAYNB, R. A. S., book on mining by. 1896, ii. 487. 

on coal in Natal. 1898, i. 226, ii. 350. 

Reduction of area as a measure of quality. 1891, i. 420. 

of iron, direct. 1892, i. 415. 

of iron oxides by carbonic oxide. 1896, i. 528. 

of nickel, chromium, and manganese. 1893, i. 302. 

of phosphorus. 1894, ii 382. 

process, Adams. 1890, ii. 766 ; 1891, i. 400, ii. 282. 

process, Conley- Lancaster direct. 1890, i 306. 

process, iron. 1894, ii. 404. 

REDWOOD, B., book on metallurgy by. 1896, i. 574. 

on British petroleum sources. 1898, i. 390. 

on chemistry of petroleum. 1900, ii. 453. 

on detection of fire-damp. 1894, ii. 369. 

on oil-fields of India. 1890, i. 236. 

on origin of petroleum and natural gas. 1891, ii. 193. 

on petroleum in Eastern Europe. 1892, ii. 380. 

on transport of petroleum. 1894, ii. 341. 

REDWOOD, J. J., book on mining by. 1897, i 629. 

REES, J. P., on electric safety-lamp. 1893, i. 280. 

on lock for safety-lamp. 1893, i. 279. 

REESE, A. K., on working of the Dover furnace, Ohio. 1898, ii. 468. 

Reese universal beam-mill. 1893, ii. 452. 

REESE, G. C, on manufacture of galvanised iron. 1897, ii. 448. 

Refining agent, aluminium as. 1898, ii. 447. 

Refuactoby characters of fireclays. 1895, i. 302. 

masonry of blast-furnaces. 1892, ii. 425. 

materials. 1890, i. 215, ii. 735, s. v. 229 ; 1891, i. 275, ii 162 ; 1892, 

i. 306, ii. 343 ; 1893, i. 298, ii. 333 ; 1894, i. 430, ii. 303 ; 1895, i. 302, ii. 

394 ; 1896, i. 320, ii. 292 ; 1897, i. 357, ii. 299 ; 1898, i. 363, u. 382 ; 1899. 

i. 304, ii. 337 ; 1900, i. 289. ii. 424. 

Refuse in anthracite scams. 1892, i. 326. 
Reqato railway of the Luchana mining company. 1896, ii. 68. 
. Regenebating blast-furnace gases. 1893, ii. 432. 
ReGenebative annealing furnace. 1890, i. 329. 

furnaces. 1891, ii. 199 ; 1895, i. 434. 

furnaces, utilisation of heat in. 1893, i. 829. 



GENERAL INDEX. 399 

Regenerative kiln. 1898, L 215. 

Registering speed of blowing-engiDes. 1899, ii. 442. 

Regulating the duration of the aftcrblow. 1896, i. 459. 

Regulations for the Royal Testing Station at Berlin. 1895, ii. 560. 

Reheating, effect on steel. 1895, i. 464. 

furnaces. 1891, i. 402 ; 1896, i. 472 ; 1898. i. 493 ; 1900, i. 392, ii. 536. 

REICHENBERG, S., on fire-damp. 1896, i. 380. 

REICH HELM, E. P., on gas-producers. 1898, ii. 427. 

REID, A., on winding. 1896, i. 369. 

REID'S book on mining. 1899, i. 508. 

REILLY, J. W., on tests of iron at Watertown arsenal. 1898, ii. 498. 

REIMERS, E., on failure of chilled rolls. 1893, i. 321. 

Paper on " The manufacture and application of chilled cast iron 
(Gruson's system)," 1892, i. 126 ; early history, 126 ; mixtures used, 127 ; 
layers show quality, 127 ; carbon and manganese, 128 ; separation of 
graphite, 128 ; casting in chills, 129 ; fracture, 129 ; chemical analyses, 
130 ; strength-testing machine, 130 ; separation of carbon, 131 ; strength 
of pig iron, 131 ; alloys of iron, 132 ; comparative tests and their results, 
132, 133 ; breaking tests, 133, 134 ; tensile strength, 135 ; radiation, 135 ; 
rules for chemical composition, 136; chilled iron for shells, 136; forti- 
fications, 137 ; glacis armour, 137 ; coast defences, 137 ; Spezzia trials, 
138; "frogs'* and crossings, 138; switches, 138; rail profiles, 139; 
rolls, 139 ; crushers, 141 ; corn-mills, 141 ; edge-runner rings, 142 ; screw- 
mills, 142; cone-mills, 142; ball mills, 143; grinding discs, 143. — Dig- 
cutsion: C. Wood, 145; Sir B. Samuelson, 147; E. A. Cowper, 147; Sir 
John AUeyne, 148; R Farley, 148; G. H. Strick, 150; C. A. Winder, 
151 ; J. Roberts, 153 ; Sir F. A. Abel, 145, 155 ; E. Reimers, 145, 157. 

REINER, K. J., on use of peat as fuel in blast-furnaces. 1899, i. 377. 

REINHARDT, C, on analysis of basic slag. 1895, ii. 603. 

on controlling Cowper stoves. 1891, i. 360. 

on determination of alkalies. 1896, ii. 449. 

on determination of carbon. 1892, ii. 511 ; 1893, i. 403. 

on determination of sulphur. 1890, ii. 855. 

on volumetric determination of iron. 1890, i. 375. 

REINHOLD, G. C, on pumping. 1898, ii. 375. 

REINISCH, E., on effect of cold on iron and steel. 1898, ii. 490. 

REIS, M. A. VON, on basic slag as manure. 1898, i. 346. 

on determination of carbon. 1890, i. 369 ; 1894, ii. 484. 

on determination of copper. 1891, i. 441. 

on determination of manganese. 1891, i. 437 ; 1892, i. 490. 

on determination of phosphorus. 1890, i, 370 ; 1891, i. 434. 

: — on determination of sulphur. 1891, ii. 325 ; 1895, i. 509. 

REISER, F., books on metallurgy by. 1896, I 574; 1897, i. 628 ; 1900, ii 
630. 

REISMANN, T., book on mining by. 1891, ii. 368. 

on coal production of Germany. 1892, i. 513. 

REITMAIR, O., book on metallurgy by. 1899, ii. 530. 

on analysis of basic slag. 1896, ii. 455. 

on determination of lime. 1890, i. 376. 

REITSCH, A., on chrome ore. 1891, i. 277. 

Relation between chemical and physical properties of steel. 1899, i. 426. 

between structure of steel and its treatment. 1899, ii. 195. 

between temperature and grain of steel. 1896, i. 499. 



400 GENERAL INDEX. 

Relation of tensile streDgth to composition. 1897, ii. 465. 
Relining a blast-farnace. 1893, i. 290. 

a shaft. 1894, ii. 349. 

R^MAURT, H., on chrome iron-ore linings. 1890, L 217. 

on coal in Tonkin. 1890, ii. 689. 

REMMELEN, J. VON, on iron ore in Germany. 1900, I 269. 
Removing burr from angle iron. 1900, ii. 535. 

deposits from pipes in shafts. 1892, i. 368. 

fire-damp. 1890, i. 262. 

skulls from direct metal ladles. 1892, ii. 431. 

slags. 1894, ii 393. 

Remscheid Mannesmann rolling-mills. 1895, ii. 524. 
REMY, R., book on mining by. 1890, ii. 891. 

on coking in the Saar district. 1890, i. 235. 

on mining brown coal. 1896, i 376. 

RENARD, A. F., on meteoric iron. 1896, ii. 280. 
RBNAULD, J. VON, book on metallurgy by. 1900, i. 493. 
RENAULT, B., on bog-head at Autun. 1894, ii 316. 

on micro-organisms of coaL 1899, ii 351. 

- on origin of coal. 1899, i. 308. 

on palaeontology of coal. 1897, ii. 321. 

RENDEL, W. S.. obituary notice of. 1898, i. 320. 

REN DELL, Alan Wood, elected member. 1894, i 3. 

RENEL, G. A., on gas from coke-ovens. 1895, i 328, ii 419. 

RENNIE, DuGALD (JuN.), elected member. 1895, ii. 7. 

RENNY, Major S. M., elected member. 1897, i 2. 

RENSON, C, on steel sleepers. 1898, ii. 520. 

RENTZSCH, H., on comparative imports and exports. 1895, ii. 629. 

on German iron trade. 1890, ii. 873 ; 1892, i. 613 ; 1900, i. 457. 

on iron trade imports of Japan. 1890, i 392. 

on preliminary iron trade statistics. 1896, ii. 467. 

on world's production of coal and iron. 1894, ii. 634. 

R£0CIN zinc mines. 1896, ii 92, 229. 
Reopening of the Earwin collieries. 1895, i 378. 
Repairing faulty castings. 1900, ii 535. 
Repairs, blast-furnace. 1890, ii. 752 ; 1898, ii. 428. 

Replacement of carbon by boron and silicon in molten pig iron. 1895, 
i. 496. 

of cast iron by steel. 1895, i. 449. 

of rolls by presses. 1896, i. 437. 

Report of the Austrian Firedamp Commission. 1892, ii 412. 

of Council. 1890, i. 3 ; 1891, i. 1 ; 1892, i 3 ; 1893. i. 3 ; 1894, i 5; 

1895, i. 5 ; 1896, i. 5 ; 1897, i 4 ; 1898, i 5 ; 1899, i. 6 ; 1900, i. 5. 

on International Congress for unification of tests. 1897, ii. 251. 



Republic mine. 1890, s. v. 206, 387. 
Rkquihements of a good coke. 1899, i. 323. 

tests and, of structural wrought iron and steel. 1892, i 479. 

Re-rolling old steel rails. 1893, i. 354 ; 1895, i. 450, ii. 630 ; 1900, i 376. 
RESAL, J., books on metallurgy by. 1893, i 450 ; 1900, ii 631. 
Rescue appliances for collieries. 1899, ii 384 ; 1900, i. 339, ii 431. 
Researches on alloys. 1891, ii. 307 ; 1893, ii 512. 



GENERAL INDEX. 401 

Rbsbabohbs on meteorites. 1890, i. 203, ii. 665 ; 1891, i. 260, ii. 149 ; 1892, 
i. 283, ii. 324 ; 1898, ii. 318; 1895, i. 289. 

Resicza coal-washings plant. 1895, ii. 453. 

steelworks. 1897, i. 506. 

Resicza-DomAn coalfield, geology of the. 1892, iL 352. 

Residues, carhon, filtering. 1892, ii. 511. 

Resin, mineral, from the Caucasas. 1892, i 315. 

mineral, occurrence of, in lignite. 1892, i. 316. 

Resinoid constituents of coal. 1892, i. 313. 

soluble and, constituents of coal. 1892, ii. 350. 

Resistance of iron, electrical. 1892, ii. 490 ; 1893, ii. 493. 

of iron to oxidation. 1899, i. 456. 

of rivets. 1895, ii. 576. 

to air-currents in mines. 1890, i. 261. 

Respibation apparatus. 1898, ii. 448. 

RESZOFF, on calorific value of straw. 1898, i. 217. 

Retiring members of Council. 1890, i. 8 ; 1891, i. 7 ; 1892, i. 7 ; 1898, i. 8 ; 

1894, i. 9 ; 1895, i. 9; 1896, i. 11 ; 1897, i. 11, ii. 5 ; 1898, ii. 4 ; 1899, i. 11, 

ii. 5; 1900, i. 11, ii. 6. 
Retort coke-ovens. 1894, ii. 335. 
Re-tubbino a shaft. 1895, i. 348. 

REULEAUX, F., on Mannesmann process. 1890, ii. 770. 
REUSS, H., on liquation phenomena in Bessemer steel. 1891, ii. 299. 

on segregation in steel. 1893, i. 389. 

Reverberatory furnaces for melting iron. 1898, i. 467. 
Reversing valves for open-hearth furnaces. 1895, ii. 505 ; 1896, i. 445. 
Revolution in steel-making. 1895, ii. fi26. 
Re-working anthracite culm-banks. 1894, i. 515, ii. 378. 
REYMOND, G., on Donetz coalfield of South Russia. 1896, i. 564. 
REYNOLDS, G. B., on deep boring. 1898, i. 102. 
REYNOLDS, J. E., on use of gaseous fael. 1892, ii. 391. 
Reynold's moulding machine. 1892, ii. 444. 
RHEAD, E. L., book on metallurgy. 1895, ii. 633. 

on sulphur in pig iron. 1897, ii. 395. 

Rhenish brown coal industry. 1897, ii. 317. 

Westphalian provinces, coal of. 1898, ii. 394. 

RHIEN, F., on 6re-resisting stone from Eisenberg. 1890, ii. 736. 
Rhine District, brown coal industry of the. 1900, i. 464. 

provinces, ironworks of the. 1891, i. 351. 

provinces, manufacture of pig iron in. 1892, ii. 426. 

RHOADS, E., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1899, ii. 453. 

RHODES, C. E., on electric mining signals. 1890, i. 270. 

RHODES, G. M., on application of electricity to mining. 1892, ii. 411. 

RHODES, H., on underground haulage. 1900, i. 325. 

Rhodesia, coal in. 1899, i. 313. 

Rhondda Valley seams, roofs in. 1893, i. 261. 

Rhythmical shocks on steel bridges. 1898, ii. 505. 

RICE. F. S., on metallography. 1898, i. 503. 

RICE, George D., on mine drainage. 1899, ii. 379. 

on strength of ladders. 1898. i. 358. 

on underground haulage. 1898, i. 405. 

2c 



402 GENERAL INDEX. 

RIOB, G. S., OD coal-dust in miDes. 1891, ii. 870. 

on sinking through quicksand. 1895, i. 347. 

RICE, R. G., on history of iron. 1896, i. 419. 

RICHARDS, A. Windsor, elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

on open-hearth continaous steel process. 1900, i. 95. 

RICHARDS, C. R, on heating yalae of coal. 1897, ii 307. 

RICHARDS, Edgab J. WiNDSOB, on metal mixers. 1899, i. 409. 

RICHARDS, Edward, elected member. 1896, ii. 4. 

RICHARDS, Edward Windsor, member of committee on steel rails. 

1896, i. 10. 

motion seconded by. 1898, i. 14. 

on action of explosives on tubes of steel guns. 1898, ii. 238. 

on action of metalloids on cast iron. 1898, ii. 222. 

on American blast-furnaces. 1890, ii. 50. 

on arsenic in steel. 1895, i. 128. 

on basic steel at Witkowitz. 1898, ii. 17. 

on Bertrand-Thiel process. 1897, i. 137. 

on blast-furnace practice. 1894, i. 100 ; 1898, i. 89. 

on caustic lime in the blast-furnace. 1894, ii. 58. 

on charging open-hearth furnaces by machinery. 1897, i. 105. 

on danger of using too hard steel rails. 1898, ii 90. 

^ — on desulphurisation. 1898, i 83. 

on hot-blast valves. 1896, ii. 206. 

on manufacture of basic steel. 1890, i. 149. 

on manufacture of steel plates. 1893, ii 116, 129. 

on metal mixers. 1895, i 75. 

on modem blast-furnace practice. 1896, i. 390. 

on new casting machine for blast-furnaces. 1899, ii. 58. 

on nickel steel. 1895, ii. 179, 188. 

on presenting Bessemer gold medal to John Fritz. 1893, i. 45. 

on presenting the Bessemer gold medal to John Gjers. 1894, i. 12. 

on pyrometers. 1898, i. 121. 

on sand on pig iron. 1896, ii. 176. 

on Scandinavian iron ores. 1894, i. 74. 

on small ingots. 1895, ii. 215. 

on steel rails. 1900, ii. 558. 

on Walrand process. 1894, i. 46. 

on waste of heat. 1893, ii. 20. 

on Yorkshire iron. 1896, ii. 366. 

Presidential Address of, 1893, i 13 ; review of the developments 
in metallurgical operations, 14 ; present g^eat depression in trade, 
14 ; approaching exhaustion of the Bilbao mines, 15 ; blast-fnmaoe 
practice, 17; Dowlais Company's new works, 18; pig iron breaker, 19; 
cold -blast furnaces, 20 ; No. 1 furnace at Low Moor, 20 ; mannfaotnred 
iron, 21 ; Siemens-Martin furnaces and plate rolling, 25 ; Bessemer con- 
verters and rail-rolling, 27 ; Scranton steelworks, 28 ; future of the iron 
trade, 30 ; slow development of Indian railways, 31 ; appendix, the works 
of the Scranton Steel Company, Pennsylvania, 31. 

Presidential Address of, 1894, i. 17; present depression in trade and lull 
in invention, 17 : diminished production due to hostile tariffs, 18 ; life of 
steel rails, 21 ; standard methods of analysis, 21 ; unsatisfactory manner 
in which ingots are generally made, 22. 



GENERAL INDEX. 403 

RICHARDS, E. Windsor, reply to the Reception Committee. 1894, ii. 1. 

Royal Commissioner at Paris Exhibition. 1900, ii. 357. 

speech by. 1895, i. 266. 

votes of thanks bv. 1898, i. 44, ii. 140 ; 1894, L 25, ii. 209 ; 1897, i. 

40. ii. 181. 

work done by. 1899, i. 38. 



RICHARDS, F. B., on American blast-furnace practice. 1896, i. 415. 
on fine ore in the blast-furnace. 1895, i. 386. 



- on iron resources of Minnesota. 1896, i. 306. 

- on Mcsabi range. 1895, i. 294. 
on slips and explosions in the blast-furnace. 1899, i. 369, ii. 398. 



RICHARDS. F. Windsor, elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 

obituary notice of. 1898, i. 320. 

RICHARDS, G., on coal-cutting machinery. 1898, i. 266. 

on electric welding. 1898, i. 3,56. 

on pumping appliances. 1895, i. 362. 

on steel and iron for rolling-stock. 1898, i. 379. 

on wire ropeways. 1895, i. 209. 

RICHARDS, J. J., appointed scrutineer. 1898, i. 1. 

obituary notice of. 1894, i. 393. 

RICHARDS, J. W., books on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 891 ; 1896, ii. 683 ; 
1896, i. 574. 

on specific heat of iron. 1898, ii. 493. 

RICHARDS, Lewis, obituary notice of. 1898, i. 320. 

on blast-furnaces. 1894, i. 104. 

on electricity as motive power. 1894, i. 282. 

RICHARDS, R. H., on coal-washing. 1896, ii. 344. 

on magnetic concentration of iron ore. 1897, ii. 204. 

on screening and cleaning coal. 1895, ii. 452, 

on washing coal. 1897, ii. 368. 

RICHARDS, S. A., on value of self-fluxing ores. 1890, ii. 749. 

RICHARDS, T. W., on atomic weight of iron. 1900, ii. 572. 

RICHARDS, W. J., on mending a broken roll. 1897, ii. 412. 

RICHARDSON, C, on petroleum in Texas. 1900, i. 313. 

RICHARDSON, H., on coal handling and shipping. 1898, ii. 456. 

RICHARDSON, J. M., on pattern-making. 1899, ii. 416. 

RICHARDSON, M. T , book on metallurgy by. 1890, ii. 891. 

RICHARDSON, R., on Rosedale ironstone mines, 1899, i. 278. 

RICHARDSON, S. W., on magnetic properties of iron. 1900, i. 406, ii. 542. 

RICHARDSON, Thomas, obituary notice of. 1891, i. 245. 

RICHARDSON, William, obituary notice of. 1892, ii. 288. 

RICHE, H., on petroleum industry of the United States. 1894, ii. 342. 

RICHERT, on North German weald. 1896. i. 336. 

RICHBIS, T. Hurry, acknowledgment of thanks, 1897, ii, 180. 

elected member. 1898, i. 8. 

on application of travelling belts to shipment of coal. 1897, ii. 16. 

RICHMOND. David, elected member. 1895, i. 4. 

RICHMOND, G., on electric motor in the machine shop. 1895, i. 454. 

Richmond Basin, Virginia, coal in. 1900, i. 300. 

coal-field. 1894. ii. 331. 

RICHTER, C. books on metallurgy by. 1895, ii. 633 ; 1896, ii. 487, 



404 GENERAL INDEX. 

RICHTER, C, on electric welding. 1895, i. 449. 

on galvanising iron. 1896, ii. 540. 

RICHTER, Carl, obituary notice of. 1893, ii. 291. 

RICE, on iron ore in Lorraine. 1900, i. 269. 

RICKARD. T. A., on shoes and dies for stamp batteries. 1898, ii. 610. 

RICK ART, F. W., on loading coal. 1896, ii. 346. 

RICEETSON, John, address on receiving the Institute at Pittsburgh. 1890, 
ii. 387; greeting to individual members, 388; references to A. Carnegie 
and to G. Westingbouse, 389 ; statistics of the trade and industry of 
Pittsburgh, 389 ; railway tonnage, 390 ; natural gas, 390 ; petroleum, 390 ; 
conclusion, 391. 

RICKETTS, L. D., on coal production of Wyoming. 1890, ii. 886. 

RiDDARHUSET. 1898, ii. 322. 

RIDDLE, R. N., on tungsten iron alloys. 1890, i. 364. 

RIDEAL, Samuel, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 

on determination of chromium. 1896, ii. 158 ; 1896, ii. 445. 

on iron ore industry of Biscay. 1896, ii. 101. 

on nitrogen in steel 1896, ii. 166. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1896, i. 121. 

vote of thanks by. 1896, i. 221. 

RIDER, Henry Htam, elected member. 189i, i. 3. 

obituary notice of. 1900, i. 266. 

RIDGE, Joseph, elected member. 1899, i. 4. 

RIDGELT, C, on producer-gas. 1895, i. 344. 

RIDGWAY, W., on history of iron. 1896, ii. 367. 

RIDLEY, Alfred Forbes, elected member. 1899, ii 7. 

RIDLEY, J. C, on rate of cooling steel 1891, i. 75. 

RIDLEY, Jambs Cartmbll, Jun., elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 

RIDLEY, Thomas D., obituary notice of. 1898, i. 323. 

RIDSDALE, C. H., on arsenic in steel. 1895, i. 124, 129. 

on basic slag. 1895, i. 444 

Paper on "Brittleness in soft steel,*' 1898, i. 220; experience of the 
North -Eastern Steel Company, 220 ; brittleness not due to imparities, 
221 ; brittleness artificially induced, 232 ; methods of producing brittle- 
ness, 233 ; methods of avoiding brittleness, 233. 

on brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing. 1898, ii. 167. 

on colour gauges. 1894, ii. 173. 

on constitution of steel. 1899, ii. 236. 

on influence of phosphorus on cold -shortness. 1897, i. 240. 

Paper on " Practical microscopic analysis for use in the steel indus- 
tries, with an introduction to a systematic study of soft and dead soft 
steel," 1899, ii. 102. Section I. Introductory remarks, 102; reason for 
bringing subject forward, 102 ; our experience, 10^; directions of pro- 
bable usefulness and conditions to be met, 104 ; reasons for dealing with 
soft steel, 105 ; exactions of consumers of soft steel, 105 ; collection and 
verification of data necessary, 106 ; some of the points previously verified, 
107; outline of scheme adopted for the study, 108. Section II. Pro- 
cedure, 110; classification, 110; soft, 110; size of grain, 113; system of 
examination, 115. Section III. Results obtained, 116; leading features 
of Classes I. to V., 116 ; index to the main practical points touched on, 
126. Appendix I. Sampling, 131; grinding, 132; mounting, protecting, 
and etching, 133; illumination and examination, 134; photographing, 
135. Appendix II., 138-147. — Discussion : Sir W. Roberts- Austen, 148 ; A. 
Greiner, 149; F. W. Harbord, 151 ; J. E. Stead, 151 ; J. B. Porter. 164; 
C. H. Ridsdale, 165, 158. — Corretpondenee : H. Le Chatelier, 167. 



GENERAL INDEX. 406 

RIDSDALE, G. H., on standard methods of analysis. 1896, i. 182. 

on steel and its thermal and mechanical treatment. 1899, 11. 208. 

on thermo-ohemistrj. 1895, ii. 128. 

RIEDLER, A., books on metallurgnr by. 1898, i. 452 ; 1900, i. 493. 

on blowing-engines. 1899, ii. 401. 

on mine drainage. 1899, ii. 378. 

on shaft-sinking. 1898, ii. 387. 

RIEGLER, E., on permanganate. 1897, i. 575. 
RIEHLE, F. A., on testing machines. 1899, i. 434. 
RIEMER, A., on determination of sulphur. 1900, i. 434. 

on shaft-sinking. 1897, i. 409. 

RIENSBERG, E., on structural steel. 1900, ii. 537. 

RIEPPEL, A., on modern German bridge construction. 1899, L 418. 
RIE8, H., book on mining by. 1898, ii. 601. 

on fireclay. 1898, i. 363. 

on fireclay in Colorado. 1897, ii. 299. 

RIET, VON, on improvement in foundry work. 1895, ii. 484. 

on method of casting. 1894, ii. 398. 

Rifle barrels. 1900, i. 394. 

RIGG, J., on screening coal. 1897, i. 440. 

RIGGS, R B., on determination of manganese. 1898, i. 403. 

RIGO, E., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 

RILET, Edwabd, on analysis of iron ores. 1890, i. 199. 

on analysis of steel. 1894, 1. 323. 

on arsenic in steeL 1895, i. 118. 

on carbon in iron. 1898, ii. 73. 

on coal in Sumatra. 1899, ii. 351. 

on combined process of Bertrand and Thiol. 1897, i. 137. 

on estimation of phosphorus. 1890, 1. 149. 

on experiments with basic steel. 1892, i. 63. 

on history of Bessemer steel. 1898, ii. 514. 

on influence of aluminium on iron. 1890, i. 126. 

on international standards for analysis of iron and steel. 1890, ii. 609. 

on iron and phosphorus. 1900, iL 146. 

on iron ore in Kent. 1899, ii. 308. 

on new method of producing high temperatures. 1900, ii. 210. 

on production of pure iron and steeL 1892, i. 92. 

on Scandinavian iron ores. 1894, i. 70. 

vote of thanks by. 1897, i. 15. 

RILEY, James, appointed representative on Lloyd's Committee. 1898, i. 11. 

on basic steel at Witkowitz. 1893, ii. 11. 

on blast-furnace and coke-oven gases. 1898, L 32, 37 ; 1899, i. 143. 

on carbon and iron. 1897, ii. 137. 

on charg^g open- hearth furnaces by machinery. 1897, i 103. 

on combined process of Bertrand and Thiel. 1897, i. 130. 

on experiments with basic steeL 1892, L 58. 

on influence of aluminium on iron and steel. 1890, 1. 121. 

on ingot moulds. 1898, i. 332. 

on manufacture of steel plates. 1898, ii. 116, 125. 

on modem steelworks machinery. 1895, ii. 496. 

on Mond gas applied to manufacture of steel. 1896, i. 160. 



406 GENERAL INDEX. 

RILEY, James, on nickel steel. 1895, ii. 172. 

on open-hearth continuous process. * 1900, i. 82. 

on open-hearth steel. 1894, ii, 147. 

on steel for shipbuilding. 1899, i. 448. 

on testing steel. 1891, i. 81. 

on use of finely divided iron ore. 1899, ii. 45. 

Paper on *' The use of fluid metal in the open-hearth furnace," 1900, 
i. 22; early adoption of the direct process in Bessemer practice, 22; 
intention of Sir William Siemens to use fluid metal at the Landore open- 
hearth furnaces, 23 ; experience at Wishaw, 23 ; advantages derived from 
the adoption of the direct fluid metal process, 32. 

on Walrand process. 1894, i. 46. 

on wire manufacture. 1898, ii. 98. 

vote of thanks. 1899, i. 238. 



Rings, Bessemer converter. 1898, i. 492. 
Rise of basic process. 1893, ii. 473. 
RISTORI, E., on explosives. 1894, ii. 361. 
RITCHIE, Alexander, elected member. 1900, i. 3. 
RITCHIE, G., on nickel steel. 1895, ii. 206. 

on production of gaseous fuel 1898, ii. 381. 

on water-gas. 1895, ii. 429. 

RITCHIE, Geoboe Mure, elected member. 1895, ii. 7. 
RITCHIE, James, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 
RITSON, J. R., on electric pumping plants. 1892, i. 367. 
RITTER, H., on experiments with favierite. 1893, i. 263. 
RiVB-DE-GlBR collieries. 1897, ii. 364. 

steelworks. 1898, ii. 469. 

Riveted steel pipes. 1892, i. 446. 

water-pipe in United States. 1895, ii. 536. 

Riveting plant. 1890, i. 338. 

Rivets, basic Bessemer iron for. 1893, ii. 510. 

resistance of. 1895, ii. 576. 

steel. 1890, ii. 842. 

RIX, E. A., on rock drills. 1898, ii. 373. 
RIXON, F. R., on steel for forgings. 1893, i. 377. 
RIZZATTI, F., book on mining by. 1891, ii. 368. 
Roads, haulage, keeping open. 1892, ii. 399. 

use of steel on. 1898, i. 496. 

Roanoke, visit to. 1890, s. v. 465. 
Roaster, ore, the Davis-Colby. 1890, i. 213. 
Roasting furnaces. 1893, ii. 331. 

furnaces, conveyers for hot ores from. 1891, ii. 163. 

iron ore at Allevard. 1896, i. 319. 

iron ore in Canada. 1892, ii. 341. 

iron ores with a view to magnetic concentration. 1896, ii. 116. 

kilns for iron ores. 1891, ii. 163. 

ROBBINS, H. S., on cleaning castings. 1898, i. 471. 

Robert converter. 1895, ii, 517. 

Robert-Bessemer process, abstract of paper by F. L. Garrison. 1890, i. 106. 

process, notes on. 1890, i. 324. 

ROBERTl-LINTERMANS, F., on explosions in flreclay mines. 1896, L 323. 



GENERAL INDEX. 407 

ROBERTS, A. H., on coal screeniDg and washing. 1899, i. 365. 

ROBERTS, Abthur Richards, elected member. 1891, i. 3. 

ROBERTS, C. F., on standardising potassium permanganate. 1891, 

ii. 497. 
ROBERTS, C. W., elected member. 1896, i. 3. 
ROBERTS, E., on anthracite pig iron. 1897, i. 475. 
ROBERTS, E. W., on winding-engines. 1898, i. 404. 
ROBERTS, F. C, on hot-blast stoves. 1896, L 408. 
ROBERTS, J., on manganese ore in the Caucasus. 1892, ii. 329. 
ROBERTS, Jambs, appointed scrutineer. 1895, ii. 6. 

on bj-products of coke-ovens. 1900, i. 306. 

on chilled cast iron. 1892, i. 153. 

on elimination of sulphur. 1892, i. 119. 

ROBERTS, John Frederick Mitchell, elected member. 1900, ii. 5. 
ROBERTS, Mathias Groves, elected member. 1895, i. 4. 
ROBERTS, Robert, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 
ROBERTS, W., on blast-furnace gas. 1898, i. 39. 

on Ford and Moncur hot-blast stoves. 1896, i. 46. 

on permanent way. 1898, i. 124. 

on puddling. 1895, ii. 52. 

ROBERTS, WiLLLAM Brook, elected member. 1896, ii. 4. 
ROBERTS, WiLLLAM Lionel, elected member. 1894, L 3. 

ROBERTS - AUSTEN, SiR W. C, books on metallurgy by. 1890, i. 408 ; 
1898, ii. 562 ; 1894, i. 649 ; 1897, ii. 551 ; 1898, i. 685, ii. 600. 

dinner given by. 1900, ii. 365. 

juror at Paris Exhibition. 1900, ii. 357. 

elected Member of Council. 1890, ii. 17. 

elected President. 1898, ii. 4. 

elected Vice-President. 1897, ii. 23. 

Paper on **The action of the projectile and of the explosives on the 
tubes of steel guns," 1898, it 233 ; previous experiments, 233 ; examina- 
tion of the bores of corroded guns by the aid of micro-photographs, 233 ; 
description of the micro-photographs, 236. — Diseuasion : E. W. Richards, 
238; G. J. Snelus, 238; J. 0. Arnold, 238; T. W. Nordenfelt, 239; H. 
Bauerman, 239 ; H. M. Howe, 240 ; J. F. L. Cropland, 241 ; E. P. Martin, 
241 ; Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 241. 

on alloys. 1897, i. 525. 

on alloys of iron and chromium. 1892, ii. 132, 140. 

on American standard specifications. 1900, ii. 240. 

Paper on "An appliance for autographioally recording the temperature 
of furnaces," 1892. ii 33.— Dwcuwion ; Sir. W. Anderson, 37 ; Sir Lowthian 
Bell, 37, 39; E. P. Martin, 38 ; Mr. Parker, 38, 89 ; Sir W. C. Roberts- 
Austen, 39, 40, 41 ; Jeremiah Head, 40 ; J. E. Stead, 41 ; Sir F. A. Abel, 
39, 41. 

Paper on "Automatic methods of observation on the use of the Le 
Chatelier pyrometer," 1891, i. 90. — Ditcutsion: Sir Lowthian BeU, 94, 
97 ; J. E. Stead, 95 ; C. Wood, 96 ; Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 97.— 
Correspondence : F. Osmond, 99. 

on award of the Bessemer medal. 1895, L 14. 

on basic steel at WitkowitE. 1898, ii. 15. 

on Brinell's researches. 1899, ii. 212. 

on brittleness produced in soft steel by annealing. 1898, ii. 155. 

on carbon in iron. 1893, ii. 68. 



408 QENERAL INDEX. 

ROBERTS-AUSTEN, SiB W. C— 

Paper on "The carbnrisation of iron by the diamond," 1890, i. 81; 
introdaction, 81 ; views of Lavoisier, Bergman, Black, Clouet. &c., 82 ; 
experiments of Cloaet, Margueritte, and Hempel, 83 ; Cloaet's experi- 
ments repeated by the author, 83 ; result, 84 ; conclusion that carbon can 
combine with iron in vacuo at full red-heat, 85. — Disaanon : G. J. Snelns, 
91 ; Sir L. Bell, 92 ; E. G. Tosh, 94 ; E. J. Ball, 95.—Corrfspondmee: J. 
Hopkinson, 96 ; A. Wingham, 100. 

on thermal treatment of iron. 1890, i. 94 ; 1891, i. 112, 116. 

on chemical and physical research. 1891, i. 70. 

on cooling curves of iron and its alloys. 1895, ii. 560. 

on danger of using too hard steel rails. 1898, ii. 91. 

on determination of high temperatures. 1892, ii. 348. 

on development of iron industry in France. 1900, ii. 39. 

on development of Swedish iron industry. 1898, ii. 32. 

on diffusion of elements in iron. 1899, i. 107. 

on diffusion of metals. 1896, ii. 396. 

on equalisation of varying temperatures of hot-blast. 1900, i. 160. 

on handling material at the blast-furnace. 1897, ii. 384. 

on hardening of steel. 1890, i. 327 ; 1895, ii. 259 ; 1896, i. 215. 

on improved dipping-needle. 1899, i. 84. 

on influence of elements on iron. 1894, i. 181. 

on iron alloys. 1899, ii. 461. 

on micro-chemistry of cementation. 1898, ii. 195. 

on microscopic accessories for metallographers. 1897, i. 54. 

on microstructure of steel. 1891, i. 101. 

on missing carbon. 1896, ii. 186. 

on new method of producing high temperatures. 1900, ii. 211. 

on nickel ore. 1899, i. 296. 

on permanent way. 1898, i. 116. 

on permeability of steel-melting crucibles. 1897, i. 82. 

on practical microscopic analysis. 1899, ii. 148, 154. 

on pyrometry. 1894, i. 433 ; 1897, i. 363, 364. 

Paper on "The rate of diffusion of carbon in iron," 1896, i. 139; 
cementation, 139; history of the diffusion of solids, 139; author's ex- 
periments showing solid gold diffusing into solid lead, 140 ; carburisation 
of a steel rail, 140. — Discussion: G. J. Snelus, 142; J. E. Stead, 142; 
Sir L. Bell, 143 ; Sir W. C. Roberts-Austen, 143. 

Paper on ** The recording pyrometer," 1893, i. 112; development of the 
recording pyrometer, 112; results obtained at the Dowlais-Cardiff works, 
114. — Discussion: E. P. Martin, 118; J. Adamson, 118; Sir Lowthian 
Bell, 118 ; R. A. Hadfield, 120; G. J. Snelus, 120; E. W. Richards, 121; 
Sir W. C. Roberts- Austen, 121. — CoiTCspoivdence : Sir Lowthian Bell, 122 ; 
C. Cochrane, 123. 

on researches on alloys. 1891, ii. 301 ; 1893, ii. 512. 

on solution theory of carburised iron. 1899, ii. 180. 

on standard methods of analysis. 1896, i. 116. 

on steel rails. 1899, i. 440 ; 1900. ii. 558. 



- on tilting open -hearth furnaces. 1899, i. 76. 

- on use of finely-divided iron ore. 1899, ii. 51. 

- on waste of heat. 1893, ii. 19. 

- on wire manufacture. 1893, ii. 99. 

- on world's iron trade. 1893, ii. 5. 



GENERAL INDEX. 409 

ROBERTS-AUSl'EN, SiB W. C— 

Presidential Address of, 1899, i. 17 ; acceptance of the Bessemer medal 
by the Qaeen, 17 ; British efforts in connection with iron and steel during 
the century, 17 ; primitiye home of the iron industry in Surrey and 
Sussex, 17 ; co-operation of the industrial worker and the investigator of 
pure science, 19 ; Black and Cort, 21 ; Mushet's discovery, 22 ; Young's 
modulus of elasticity, 23 ; Stirling's patent, 24 ; Rogers' iron bottoms, 
24 ; production of nickel steel by Faraday, 25 ; Neilson's invention, 25 ; 
the Great Exhibition, 27 ; Bessemer's discovery, 28 ; Siemens' regenera- 
tive furnace, 30 ; Whitworth's compressed steel, 81 ; Graham's researches 
on the occlusion of gases, 32 ; history of the iron industry epitomised 
by the labours of past Presidents, 32 ; Duke of Devonshire, 32 ; Sir 
Henry Bessemer, 33 ; Sir Lowthian Bell, 33 ; W. Menelaus, 34 ; Sir 
William Siemens, 34 ; E. WilUams, 34 ; J. T. Smith, 35 ; Sir Bemhard 
Samuelson, 35 ; John Percv, 36 ; D. Adamson, 36 ; Sir James Kitson, 
37; Sir Frederick Abel, 37'; E. Windsor Richards, 38; Sir David Dale, 
39 ; E. P. Martin, 39 ; work of American Bessemer medallists, 40 ; 
achievements effected, 41 ; molecular activity, 43 ; number of atoms in 
the carbon molecule, 44 ; economic considerations, 46 ; conclusion, 49. 

Presidential Address of, 1900, ii. 8 ; introduction, 9 ; union of the work 
of France and England in connection with iron and steel throughout the 
century, 11 ; literary bonds, 14 ; J. B. Dumas, 16; H. St. Claire Deville, 
16; a metallurgical retrospect, 18: Regnault's work, 20; metallurgical 
progress in France in the first quarter of the century, 21 ; advances in 
the second half of the century, 22 ; Bessemer's association with France, 
23 ; the open-hearth process, 24 ; development of steel-making, 25 ; new 
alloys of iron, 26 ; alloys of iron and manganese, 27 ; study of the pro- 
perties of iron, 28 ; pyrometry, 28 ; points of transformation, 28 ; the 
work of Osmond, 30 ; micrography, 31 ; metallurgical literature, 33 ; 
relations of iron and steel to art, 35 ; contributions of metallurgists to the 
advancement of pure science, 35 ; appendix on Regnault's researches, 38. 

toasts by. 1895, i. 258 ; 1898, i. 292, ii. 268 ; 1899, i. 241, 252 ; 1900, 

i. 231, ii. 362. 

votes of thanks by. 1896, ii. 216 ; 1899, ii. 2, 236, 239 ; 1900, i. 14, 17, 



228, ii. 2, 274, 275. 
ROBERTSON, C. H., on utilisation of blast-furnace gas. 1900, i. 355. 
ROBERTSON, J. R M.. on coalfields in New South Wales. 1898, i. 227. 
ROBERTSON, R., on coal-mining in Canada. 1892, ii. 417. 

on electric haulage. 1895, ii. 434. 

ROBERTSON, R A., on arrangement for cannon casting. 1892, ii. 475. 
ROBESON, J. S., on surface defects in ingots. 1895, i. 467. 
ROBIAUD on Westphalian coalfield. 1897, i. 370. 

on caging arrangements at Anzin collieries. 1894, ii. 352. 

ROBINS, T., on magnetic separation. 1896, i. 317. 

ROBINSON, A. W., on steam-shoveL 1895, i. 297. 

ROBINSON, C, on coal-cutting. 1898, ii. 435. 

ROBINSON, Chables L., elected member. 1897, ii. 7. 

ROBINSON, Cyrus, on coalcutting machinery. 1897, i. 424. 

ROBINSON, D. G., on coal in Pennsylvania. 1898, ii. 401. 

ROBINSON, J., on hot-blast valves. 1899, i. 372. 

ROBINSON, R, on shaft-sinking. 1900, i. 321. 

ROBINSON, S., on crucible furnaces. 1900, i. 379. 

Robinson, Thomas, A: Son, Limited. 1899, ii. 287. 

ROBINSON, T. W., on dolomite for converter linings. 1890, i. 217. 

on velocity and tension of g^es in the blast-furnace. 1890, i. 279. 

on Robert-Bessemer steel process. 1890, i. 324. 



410 GENERAL INDEX. 

ROBINSON, William, elected member. 1898, i. 2. 

on electricity in relation to mining. 1892, ii. 411. 

on oil engines. 1891, ii. 218. 

ROBINSON, William H., elected member. 1900, ii. 6. 
ROBSON, E., obituary notice of. 1894, ii. 265. 
ROBY, G. L., on casting. 1897, i. 486. 
ROCH, P., book on mining by. 1900, ii. 632. 
ROCHELT, F., on coal-washing. 1896, i. 386. 

on screening coal. 1894, ii. 377. 

ROCK, Arthur L., elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 

Rock temperature in Ruhr coalfield. 1900, ii. 436. 

Rock-drills. 1891, i. 269, ii. 156 ; 1892, 1. 292 ; 1898, i. 267, ii. 325 ; 1895, 

i. 296, ii. 437 ; 1896, i. 315, ii. 287 ; 1897, ii. 289 ; 1898, i. 857, 409, ii. 

372 ; 1899, i 300 ; 1900, i. 327. 

electric power for. 1894, i. 490. 

Rockbridge furnace, Virginia. 1893, i. 444. 
Rocky Mountains, coal in. 1898, i. 378, ii. 402. 

petroleum in. 1893, i. 244. 

ROCOUR, G., book on metallurgy by. 1898, i. 584. 

on basic open-hearth process. 1900, ii. 527. 

on calorific balance of the blast-furnace. 1898, ii. 468. 

RODDE on safety-lamps. 1894, il 368. 

on shaft gates. 1894, ii. 352. 

on winding ropes. 1899, ii. 371. 

RODERICK, J. E., on mine surveying. 1896, ii. 342. 
RODGERS, S. M., on analysis of iron. 1896, i. 531. 

on cupola practice in Bessemer steelworks. 1900, ii. 530. 

RODMAN, T. J., on casting mortars. 1890, i. 302. 
Rod-rolling. 1899, ii. 420. 

mills in America. 1893, ii. 481. 

wire. 1892, ii. 463. 

Rods rolled directly from small ingots. 1894, ii. 405. 
ROGERS, John, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 
ROGERS, J. F., on fireclay. 1892, i. 306. 
ROGERSON, J., obituary notice of. 1894, i. 393. 
ROGERSON, Thomas Bond, elected member. 1894, i. 3. 

on modern blast-furnace plant. 1900, i. 345. 

ROHRER, R., on haematite from Elba. 1896, ii. 275. 

ROLAND, H., on foundry costs. 1897, ii. 413 ; 1898, i. 47S. 

ROLKER, C. M., on use of liquid fuel. 1900, ii. 452. 

Roll lathe. 1890, i. 338. 

Roll of the Institute. 1890, i. 3 ; 1891, i. 1 ; 1892, i. 3 ; 1898, i. 3 ; 1894, i. 5 ; 

1895, i. 5 ; 1896, i. 5 ; 1897, i. 4 ; 1898, i. 5 ; 1899, i. 5 ; 1900, i. 6. 
ROLLAND, C, on fireless locomotive for mines. 1890, ii. 722. 
ROLLAND, G., on iron ore in France. 1898, ii. 344. 

on iron ore in Lorraine. 1898, i. 338. 

Rolled bars, tests of round. 1892, i. 472. 
ROLLET, A.— 

Paper on **The RoUet process for producing a pure carbide of iron," 

1890, i. l^i,— Discussion: Hugh Bell, 157. 
ROLLIN, Francis Thomas, elected member. 1899, ii. 7. 



6ENEUAL INDEX. 411 



Rolling chains, Klatte system. 1896, i. 477. 
gauging plates during. 1893, i. 319. 



— mill appliances. 1890, i. 307 ; 1891. il 260 ; 1893, ii. 454. 

— mill engines. 1890, ii. 768 ; 1891, i. 386 ; 1892, L 424, ii. 449 ; 1893, 
i. 322 ; 1896, ii. 494 ; 1897, i. 495 ; 1900, i. M2. 

— mill engines steam economj in. 1892, i. 425 ; 1894, i. 542 ; 1895, 1. 419. 

— mill, feed-table. 1891, i. 382. 

— mill fly-wheels. 1899, ii. 422. 
mill, history of. 1899, i. 395. 



mill, manipulating plates in. 1892, i. 425. 

mill practice. 1890, s. v. 281. 

mill tables. 1891, ii. 258 ; 1896, i. 438 ; 1899, i. 400. 

mill, universal. 1894, i. 540. 

mill, Wittgenstein. 1893, i. 318. 

mills. 1890, ii. 787 ; 1891, ii. 259 ; 1893, i. 319 ; 1894, ii. 406 ; 1895. i. 

417 ; 1896, i. 438, ii. 371. 
mills, American. 1890, i. 307, 308, s. v. 333 ; 1892, i. 420 ; 1898, i. 320, 



ii. 453. 

— mUls, bar. 1898, i. 479. 

— mills, construction of. 1892, i. 419. 

— mills, electro-motors for. 1898, i. 481. 

-- - mills, equipment and working of. 1896, i. 434. 

— mills, housing gear for. 1890, L 308. 

— mills, improvements in. 1899, i. 395 ; 1900, ii. 259. 

— mills, Muskegon. 1891, ii. 260. 

— mills, licmscheid Mannesmann. 1895, ii. 524. 

— mills, screwing gear for. 1891, ii. 257. 

— mills, suspended feed-table for. 1890, ii. 771. 

— mills, trolley for. 1890, ii. 771. 

— nickel steel. 1891, i. 412. 

— rails. 1890, i. 309; 1899, ii. 422; 1900, ii. 517. 

— rods directly from small ingots. 1894, ii. 405. 

— seamless pipe from hollow ingots. 1890, ii. 77u. 
sheets. 1891, i. 381 ; 1893, ii. 453. 

stock, metal underf rames for. 1894, i. 566. 

stock, steel and iron for. 1893. i. 379. 

stock, testing material for. 1898, ii. 538. 

tubes. 1890, i. 334. 

wire rod. 1892, ii. 463 ; 1894, ii. 429 ; 1896, i. 474. 

wire, Turk systt^m of. 1892, ii. 464 ; 1894, i. 540. 

" wrapped steel " plates. 1893, i. 354. 



Rolls, failure of chilled. 1893, i. 320. 

for hot-piling puddled bars. 1891, i. 381. 

form of. 1895, ii. 493. 

plate bending. 1896, i. 477. 

replacement of, by presses. 1896, i. 437. 

ROMANOFF, L., on oxygen in steeL 1899, i. 450. 
ROMOCKI, S. J. VON, book on mining by. 1895, i. 549. 
RONALDSON, J. H., on coal in New South Wales. 1899, ii. 346. 

on underground haulage. 1900, ii. 469. 

RoNTGEN rays in fuel examination, use of. 1900, 1. 442. 



412 GENERAL INDEX. 

R5NTGBN raj8, testing with. 1896, li. 402. 

ROOD, H. E., on Pennsylvania ooUieries. 1898, i. 427. 

Roof, falls of, in anthracite mines. 1891, ii. 228. 

Roofs in Rhondda Valley seams. 1898, i. 261. 

ROOTH, Theodob, elected member. 1899, i. 4. 

Rope-boring. 1892, i. 343. 

Rope-haulage. 1891, ii. 210 ; 1892, i. 350, ii. 395 ; 1894, iL 353. 

Rope- WINDING arrangements, balance. 1891, ii. 213. 

ROPER, R., obituary notice of. 1894, i. 393. 

Ropes, old, new ase for. 1892, i. 349. 

tests of. 1894, ii. 351. 

wire. 1890, i. 252, 339 ; 1891, i. 326, 409 ; 1896, ii. 322. 

wire, locked coil. 1891, ii. 210. 

wire, preserving. 1892, i. 349. 

Ropeways, wire. 1890, ii. 612; 1891, i. 381, ii. 159; 1898, i. 269, ii. 325; 
1894, ii. 300 ; 1895, i. 299. 

ROSCOE, Sib H. E., on iron-carbonyl in illuminating gas. 1898, i. 391. 

ROSE, Babon, elected member. 1900, i. 3. 

RobedAle ironstone mines. 1899, i. 278. 

ROSENBERG- LIPINSKY, von, on coal in Prussia. 1897, ii. 312. 

ROSENBLUM, S., on determination of chromium. 1896, ii. 445. 

ROSENHAIN, W., on crystallography of iron. 1900, ii. 540. 

on microstructure of iron. 1900, i. 897. 

ROSEVERE, Gerald, elected member. 1896, ii. 4. 

ROSING, B., on magnetic properties of iron and steel. 1895, i. 457. 

ROSS, A. C, on tungsten steel. 1900, ii. 569. 

ROSS, F. E., on reheating furnace. 1900, i. 392. 

ROSS, J., on coal in Brazil. 1895, i. 321. 

ROSS, J. M., on rock drills. 1895, i. 296. 

ROSS, James Russell, elected member. 1900, i. 3. 

ROSS, O. C. D., on origin of petroleum and natural gas. 1891, ii. 192. 

ROSSEL, A., on diamonds in steel. 1896, ii. 422 ; 1897, ii. 488. 

ROSSI, A. J., on calcium carbide as a recarburiser. 1895, ii. 524. 

on calculation of blast-furnace charges. 1898, ii. 442. 

on determination of carbon. 1891, i. 433 ; 1892, i. 486. 

on determination of manganese. 1891, i. 443 ; 1892, i. 491. 

on determination of sulphur. 1891, i. 436. 

on graphic calculation of slag constituents. 1892, i. 409. 

on pig iron. 1897, i 470, 479. 

on smelting of titaniferous ores. 1890, ii. 748 ; 1898, i. 298 ; 1896. i. 

401, ii. 352 ; 1898, i. 431 ; 1900, i. 357. 

ROSSIGNEUX, P., on electricity in mining. 1891, ii. 220. 

on manufacture of coke. 1892, ii. 372. 

on physical properties of furnace coke. 1891, ii. 187. 

on utilising waste heat from coke-ovens. 1890, ii. 701 ; 1891, i. 305. 

ROSSING, A., books on metallurgy by. 1891, i. 484, ii. 367. 

ROSSNER, H., on rescue appliances for collieries. 1899, ii. 385; 1900, i. 339. 

on sanitation in collieries. 1899, i. 358. 

ROST, A., on mine-surveyinj;. 1900, ii. 482. 

Rotary coal-drills. 1893, ii. 398. 

pneumatic moulding-machine. 1890, ii. 763. 



GENERAL INDEX. 413 

ROTABY shear, double-headed. 1891, ii. 261. 

ROTHBERG, M., on determination of phosphorus. 1892, ii. 513. 

ROTHE, J. W., on determination of iron. 1898, i. 417. 

on determination of sulphur in coal. 1892, i. 496. 

on separation of iron from other elements. 1892, ii. 610. 

ROTHB method of iron analysis. 1893, ii. 533. 

ROTHLEITNER, A., on health conditions of coal-mining. 1896, ii. 340. 

ROTHWELL, R. P., books on mining by. 1893, i. 452 ; 1896, ii. 684 ; 1896, ii. 
488 ; 1897, ii. 552 ; 1898, ii. 600 ; 1899, ii. 631 ; 1900, i 495. 

on metallurgical education. 1899, ii. 525. 

ROTT, 0., book on metallurgy by. 1892, ii. 592. 

on malleable cast iron. 1896, ii. 528. 

on small converters. 1900, i. 384. 

ROUFF, v., on determination of iron. 1899, ii. 482. 
Roughing train and doubling machinery. 1891, ii. 259. 
RoUMANiA, anthracite deposits of. 1898, i. 222. 

petroleum in. 1890, iL 703 ; 1892, i. 617 ; 1897, i. 397; 1898, ii. 421 ; 

1900, i. 311, ii. 463. 
Roumanian petroleum, determination of sulphur in. 1899, ii. 492. 
ROUME, M., on petroleum industry of the United States. 1894, ii. 342. 
ROUND, Benjamin, obituary notice of. 1900, ii. 391. 
Round-oak works. 1895, ii. 330. 
ROUSSELL, E., on testing steel tires. 1891, ii. 314. 
ROUTIVARE, iron ore deposits of. 1894, i. 410. 
ROUTLEDGE, R., on re-tubbing a shaft. 1895, i. 348. 
ROUX, L., on use of liquid fuel. 1900, ii. 452. 
ROW, Oliver Matthews, elected member. 1900, i. 3. 
ROWAN, F. J., on explosives and blasting. 1898, ii. 437. 

on screening and cleaning coal. 1896, i. 380. 

ROWDEN, William Clement, elected member. 1894, ii. 4. 
ROY, A., on American coUieries. 1899, i. 364 ; 1900, i 342. 

on coal in Ohio. 1898, i. 378. 

on coal in Virginia. 1899, ii. 350. 

ROY, W. H., on central steam condensing plants for ironworks. 1900, i. 

377. 
Royal Arsenal, visit to. 1891, ii. 21, 113. 

Charter of Incorporation. 1900, i. 10. 

Exchange, Manchester. 1899, ii. 247. 

ironworks, Malapane and Ereuzburgerhiitte. 1896, ii. 475. 

ironworks, Messrs. Vaughan & Son. 1899, ii. 291. 

Technical Institute, Peel Park. Salford. 1899, ii. 251. 

testing station at Berlin, regulations for. 1896, ii. 560. 

Royalties. 1890, s. v. 192. 

Belgium. 1890, s. v. 194*. 

France. 1890, s. v. 193*. 

Germany. 1890, s. v. 194*. 

Spain. 1890, s. v. 194*. 

United States. 1890, s. v. 193». 

ROYCE, D., on heat transmission through cast iron plates. 1891, ii. 299. 

ROYCE, F. P., on electric welding. 1893, i. 355. 

ROYSE, J. S., on determination of phosphorus. 1895, ii. 590. 



414 GENERAL IKDEX. 

ROYSTON, Geobge Pabkeb— 

Paper on " Malleable cast iron," 1897. i. 154 : historical note. IM ; woiki 
procedare, 155 ; chemical analyses, 157 ; mechanical testis 159 : wJcto- 
scopic results, 159 ; experiments on annealing, 160 ; chemical jmaljses, 
160 ; mechanical tests, 161 ; micro6Copical analyses, 161 ; general sum- 
mary of results, 163. 

Paper on " The relation of carbon to iron at high temperatares,** 1897, 
L 166 ; precipitation of graphite in molten white iron. 166 ; action of gawn 
on the solidified metaL 166 ; inflnecce of varjing temperatures on white 
iron, 167 ; solabilitv of carbon in iron at various temperatures. 171 ; 
diffusion of carbon in iron, 172 ; remarks on experiments. 173; snmmarr 
of results, 174; bibliography, lll.—Corresp'mdenee: R. A. Hadfield, 180; 
W. G. McMillan, 186 : F. Osmond, 188 ; E. H. Saniter. 189 ; J. B. SIcmL 
1m9 ; G. P. Royston, 190. 
ROZYCKI, P., on determination of aluminium. 1893. L 414, iL 535. 
RUBRICIUS, H., on determination of manganese. 1892, ii 512. 

on determination of silicon. 1893, i. 411. 

on silicon in pig iron. 1894, ii. 392. 

RUCKER. A. W., on magnetic needle. 1890. i. 222. 

on magnetic surrey of Great Britain. 1895, ii. 388. 

toast by. 1899, L 246. 

RUCKGABER, M., on explosives. 1895, L 357. 

RUDELOFF. M., on corrosion of iron and steel. 1900, ii. 568. 

on experiments with boiler steel. 1891, L 423. 

on experiments with carbonic acid bottles. 1895, ii. 561. 

on fracture of test -pieces. 1900, i. 415. 

on influence of annealing on wire. 1892, L 466. 

on influence of cold on iron. 1896, i. 496 ; 1897, iL 464. 

on new testing machines. 1891, ii. 312. 

on nickel. 1900, il 548. 

on nickel iron allovs. 1896, ii. 416. 

on nickel steel. 1896, L 518 ; 1898, ii. 543. 

on strength of metals. 1895, ii. 554. 

on wire ropes. 1894, ii. 351 ; 1898, L 515. 

RUDIGER, A. P., on dete.-minatiou of iron. 1897. iL 5«:»8. 
RUDLOFF. J., on shipbuilding. 1900, ii. 539. 
Rudolphs- La>' DIN steel process. 1900, iL 520. 
RUFFNER, W. H., on Virginia iron ore. 1890. i. 196. 
RUHFUS, A-, on influence of copper on iron. 1900, ii. 554. 

on liquation phenomena. 1897, L 55S. 

RCHB coalfield. 1893, L 221. 

coalfield, mining in the. 1892, ii. 416. 

coalfield, rock temperature in. 1900, ii. 436. 

RCLES, alteration of. 1895, i. 65. 

relating to the use of electricity. 1891, i. 347. 

RUMMENS, F., obituary notice of. 1893, ii. 292. 

RUNGAN. E. G., on determination of phosphorus. 1895. ii. 5i»2. 

RL'NGE, Dr., on barometer and fire-damp. 1892, iL 414. 

RUNGE, W, on Ruhr Coalfield. 1*^93, L 221. 

Rupture of steel by longitudinal stress. 1890. i. 359. 

Kl'RUP, L.. on chanijes in composition of steel. 1892, ii. o<)7. 

on determination of carbon. 1891. ii. 322. 



GENERAL INDEX. 415 

RDRUP, L., on determination of manganese. 1891, ii. 326 ; 1896, i. 534. 

on improvements in coking. 1898, i. 386. 

on improvements in coking process. 1899, i. 326. 

on manufacture of coke. 1896, i. 347. 

RUSSELL, R., on South Yorkshire coalfield. 1890, i. 223. 

on West Cumberland coalfield. 1895, i. 313. 

RUSSELL, S. Bbnt, on standard tests of cast iron. 1899, ii. 468. 

on testing iron. 1898, ii. 531. 

on testing metals. 1900, i. 413. 

RUSSELL, W. W., on iron ore in Canada. 1893, i. 183. 

Russia, asphalt of. 1896. i. 361. 

coal in. 1890, ii. 876 ; 1892, i. 518 ; 1894, i. 442 ; 1895, i. 318, ii. 622 ; 

1896, ii. 474 ; 1897, i. 377, ii. 532 ; 1898, i. 375, ii. 588 ; 1899, 1. 312 ; 1900, 
i. 297, u. 615. 

coal industry of. 1891, i. 462 ; 1893, i. 436. 

cost of smelting pig iron in the south of. 1897, ii. 533. 

crucible steel in. 1892, i. 427. 

exports of manganese ore from. 1899, L 495. 

exports of petroleum from. 1890, ii. 876. 

fireclay in. 1891, i. 275 ; 1897, i. 358. 

imports and exports of. 1890, ii. 876 ; 1899, i. 494. 

iron and steel in. 1892, i. 518. 

iron industry of. 1898, i. 435 ; 1894, i. 639 ; 1896, i. 398, 534, ii. 621 ; 

1897, ii. 534 ; 1899, ii. 516. 

iron ore in. 1890, i. 202 ; 1892, i. 271 ; 1898, ii. 305 ; 1894, i. 406 ; 

1895. i. 279, ii. 364 ; 1897, i. 336 ; 1898, 1. 341, ii. 353 ; 1899, i. 282 ; 1900, 

i. 273, ii. 406. 

iron trade statistics of. 1896, i. 563 ; 1899, i. 492 ; 1900, ii. 614. 

ironworks of. 1891, ii. 236 ; 1895, ii. 70 ; 1897, i. 472, ii. 388 ; 1898, 

i. 569, ii. 472. 
manganese ore in. 1890, i. 202 ; 1891, i. 266 ; 1895, L 290 ; 1896, ii. 

281 ; 1900, ii. 616. 

manufacture of fire-brick in. 1891, ii. 164. 

manufacture of projectiles in. 1895, i 194. 

manufacture of wrought iron goods in. 1895, i. 414. 

mineral statistics of. 1890, i. 392 ; 1891, i. 460, ii. 352 ; 1892, ii. 545 ; 

1893, i. 433, ii. 553 ; 1894, i. 638, ii. 520 ; 1896, ii. 474 ; 1897, i. 602, ii. 

532 ; 1898, i. 564 ; 1900, 1. 472. 

mining industry of. 1894, L 640. 

petroleum in. 1891, i. 308